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INTRODUCTION, . . . . . ... ix 




INDEX, . ' . . . . 357 



THE text of the following chronicle has been taken from 
a manuscript preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, Class H., Tab. 1, No. 18, collated with a good 
copy in the collection of the Royal Irish Academy, classed 
P., 23, 5. The former, which is denoted by the letter A. 
in the Notes appended to the accompanying translation, 
is in the fine, bold, Irish handwriting of the celebrated 
Irish scholar and antiquary, Duald Mac Firbis. The 
latter, indicated in the Notes by the letter B., is in the 
handwriting of the Rev. John Conry, or Connery, and 
was transcribed in France, about the middle of the last 
century, apparently from the autograph of Mac Firbis. 
There are three other copies of the chronicle in the Royal 
Irish Academy, viz : two in the " Betham " collection, 
and one amongst the MSS. recently purchased by the 
Academy from the representatives of the late John 
Windele. There is also a copy in the College of St. 
Patrick's, Maynooth. But these are modern transcripts, 
full of gross inaccuracies, and so utterly valueless that it 
has not been considered necessary to collate them, with 
the more correct text supplied by the MS. A. 

Some observations on the historical value of the latter 
MS. will be found further on. 

Of the history of its transcriber, Dubhaltach Mac 
Firbisigh, generally written Duald Mac Firbis (or Dudley 
Firbisse, as he has himself anglicized the name), but few 
particulars can now be ascertained. Enough is known, 
however, to show that he was a man of no ordinary talent 
and character. Although his name is not even once men- 



tioned by Ware, who was indebted to him for much of 
the information which enabled him to acquire his distin- 
guished reputation as an Irish antiquary, nor included in 
the catalogues of native authors published by Bishop 
Nicholson and Edward O'Reilly, his contributions to Irish 
history, genealogy, and literature, entitle him to a place 
in the foremost rank of Celtic scholars. 

Neither in the contemporary writings of his friends 
and associates, nor in the voluminous mass of his own 
works hitherto discovered, is there any evidence to indi- 
cate the date or place of his birth ; but he is believed 
to have been born about the year 1585, at a place called 
Lecan-mic-Firbisy, now Lackan, in the parish of KilgkvSS, 
barony of Tireragh, and county of Sligo, where his family, 
he states, "wrote books of history, annals, poetry, and 
kept a school of history." 1 

According to the genealogy 2 of his tribe, as traced by 
himself from the ancient records of his ancestors, the 
family of Mac Firbis was descended from Dathi, or Nathi, 
the last pagan Monarch of Ireland, and progenitor of most 
of the principal families of Connaught, from whom the sub- 
ject of the present notice was, as he alleges, the twenty-ninth 
in direct descent. But as the death of King Nathi is re- 
corded under the year 428, infra, it is evident that some 
generations have been omitted in the pedigree, unless it 
be conceded that more than thirty years, the standard 
average laid down by Newton, should be allowed to each 
generation. 3 

In the Introduction to his large genealogical work, the 
original of which is in the possession of the Earl of Roden, 

1 History. See Tribes and Customs 
of By-Fiackrach, ed. O'Donovan, 
(Dublin, 1844), p. 167. 

* Genealogy. See Tribes and Cus- 
toms ofHy-Fiachrach, p. 101, sq. 

Generation. The late Dr. O'Don- 

ovan was of opinion that it appeared 
"from all the authentic Irish pedi- 
grees that more than thirty years, the 
average standard laid down by New- 
ton, must be allowed to each genera- 
tion.' 1 Hy-Fiackrach, p. 107. n. 1. 



Mac Firbis observes that his ancestors were historians, 
genealogists, and poets to the chief septs of Connaught, 
such as the families of Ui-Fiachrach 1 of the Moy, Ui- 
Amhalghaidh, 2 Ceara, 3 Ui-Fiachrach of Aidhne, 4 and 
Eachtgha ; 5 and also to the Mac Donnells 6 of Scotland. 
Their chief patrons, however, were the O'Dowdas, princes 
of Hy-Fiachrach, or Tireragh, whose patrimony in 1350, 
according to the contemporary Topographical poem of 
John O'Dugan, 7 comprised the entire district 

" From the Codhnach of the fairy flood 
To the limit of the Kodhba," 

an extent of territory extending from the Cownagh to the 
Robe, and corresponding to the present baronies of Carra, 
Erris, and Tirawley, in the county of Mayo, together the 
barony of Tirawley, and a large portion of Carbury, in the 
county of Sligo. 

At what time the Mac Firbis family began to follow the 
profession of historians it would now be useless to enquire. 
They appear to have been one of the many tribes in which 
the profession was hereditary, in accordance with the prac- 
tice that seems to have existed since the introduction of 

1 Ui-Fiachrach, or Tir-Fiachrach, 
now Tireragh, co. Sligo. 

2 Ui-Amhalghaidh, otherwise Tir- 
Amhalyhaidh, or Tirawley, co. Mayo. 

8 Ceara. Now the barony of Carra, 
co. Mayo. 

* Ui-Fiachrach of Aidhne. The terri- 
tory of this tribe comprised the entire 
of the present diocese of Kilmacduagh, 
in the south of the county of Galway. 

6 Eachtgha; a district in the S.E. 
of the co. Galway. 

6 Mac Donnells. The connexion of 
Mac Firbis's family with this sept 
may afford some countenance to the 
following 'observation in the abridged 
copy of his large genealogical work : 
" It is said that the Clann Firbis of 

Lecan-mic-Firbisigh in Hy-Fiachrach 
and Hy-Amhalghaidh have the sur- 
name with the two aristocratic fami- 
lies of Forbes of Drominoir, in Scot- 
land, or wherever else they are to be 
found as Scotchmen, in the three king- 
doms." No other evidence to sup- 
port the identity has been discovered. 
The ancestor, Firbis, from whom the 
name of Mac Firbis has been de- 
rived, is set down in the pedigree as 
the twelfth in descent from KingNathi, 
and must, therefore, have lived in the 
eighth century. 

7 O'Dugan. See Topographical 
Poems, Dublin, printed for the Irish 
Archaeological and Celtic Society, 
1862, p. 61. 



letters into Ireland. But some individuals of the name 
are referred to by the annalists, at a very early period, as 
distinguished for learning and a knowledge of the national 
history; and their compilations, many of which are still in 
existence, have always been regarded as among the most 
authentic of the native Irish records. 

The Annals of the Four Masters, under the year 1279, 
notice the death of Gilla-Isa, or Gelasius, Mac Firbis, 
" chief historian of Tir-Fiachrach," or Tireragh, i.e., the 
O'Dowda's country. Harris, in his edition of the works 
of Sir James Ware, 1 alludes to another person of the same 
name, " a learned annalist," whose death is referred to the 
year 1301. The obits given by the Four Masters, at the 
year 1362, include Auliffe and John Mac Firbis, two "in- 
tended Ollamhs," or professors of history. Under the 
year 1376, also, the same annalists record the death of 
Donogh Mac Firbis, " a historian," and three years later, 
that of Firbis Mac Firbis, " a learned historian." 

Of the numerous compilations made by the older mem- 
bers of the Mac Firbis family, only two are now known 
to be in existence, viz. : I., the magnificent vellum MS., 
called the " Book of Lecan," written before 1416, by Gilla- 
Isa Mor Mac Firbis, the ancestor of Duald ; and II., the 
hardly less important volume known as the " Leabhar 
Buidhe Lecain," or "Yellow Book of Lecan," written 
about the same period, and partly by the same hand. 
The former of these originally belonged to Trinity College, 
Dublin, but was carried to France in the reign of James II., 
and was restored to Ireland in the year 1790 ; it now 
enriches the extensive collection of Irish MSS. in the 
possession of the Royal Irish Academy. The latter, or 
to speak more correctly a large fragment of it, is pre- 
served in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. 

These manuscripts were written, as their names import, 

1 Ware. See Harris's edition of Wares " Writers of Ireland," p. 77. 


at Lecan-mic-Firbisy, in the county of Sligo, the residence 
of the compilers at the time. The Mac Firbis family seems 
to have previously resided in the county of Mayo; for, in 
the genealogical tract on the tribes of Hy-Fiachrach, con- 
tained in the Book of Lecan, 1 the Clann Firbisigh, or sept 
of Mac Firbis, are stated to have resided at Ros-serc, a 
place still known by the same name, and situated in the 
barony of Tirawley, in that county. The extent of their 
possessions is not given ; but it is certain that they were 
amply endowed, according to the usage of the period, by 
which members of the learned professions in Ireland were 
entitled to privileges and emoluments hardly inferior to 
those enjoyed by the rulers of territories. The following 
extract from the account of the ceremony 2 observed at 
the inauguration of the O'Dowda, as prince of Hy- 
Fiachrach, affords a curious illustration of the nature of 
some of these privileges : 

" And the privilege of first drinking [at the banquet] 
was given to O'Caemhain by O'Dowda, and O'Caemhain 
was not to drink until he first presented it [the drink] 
to the poet, that is, to Mac Firbis. Also the weapons, 
battle-dress, and steed of O'Dowda, after his nomination, 
were given to O'Caemhain, and the weapons and battle- 
dress of O'Caemhain to Mac Firbis. And it is not lawful 
ever to nominate the O'Dowda until O'Caemhain and 
Mac Firbis pronounce the name, and until Mac Firbis raises 
the body of the wand over the head of O'Dowda. And 
after O'Caemhain and Mac Firbis, every clergyman and 
comarb of a church, and every bishop, and every chief of 
a district, pronounces the name." 

We have no evidence to show when the family of 
Mac Firbis removed to Lecan, on the eastern bank of the 
river Moy, where they appear to have been settled before 
the year 1397, as some of their compositions are stated to 
have been written there in that year. 

Book of Lecan, folio 82, bb. | 2 Ceremony. See Tribes and Cus- 

toms of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 440. 



Duald, who was the eldest of four brothers, would seem 
to have been of a junior branch of the family, for he ob- 
serves that the Castle of Lecan or Lackan, in which he 
was born, was erected in the year 1560 by his cousins, 
Ciothniadh and James. Although there can be no doubt 
that the Mac Firbises then held the land attached to the 
castle in right of their profession, their tenure would seem 
to have been altered at a subsequent period, for by an 
inquisition taken at Sligo on the 22nd of August, 1625, 
Donough O'Dowda, their chief and patron, was found to 
have been then " seized of the castle, town, and quarters 
of Lecan-mic-Firbisigh, and other lands, which he had 
settled by deed, dated 28th of August, 1617, to the use 
of his wife Onora Ny-Connor, for their lives, and then to 
the use of his own right heirs" a state of things incom- 
patible with the possession of any permanent interest 
therein by the Mac Firbises. 

" It is quite clear," observes Dr. O'Donovan, 1 " that 
Donnoghe O'Dowde could not have settled Lacken in 
this manner, in 1617, if it had been then the freehold 
inheritance of the family of Mac Firbis. The most that 
can be believed, therefore, is, that the Mac Firbises may 
have farmed the townland of Lackan, or a part of it, from 
Donnoghe O'Dowde, or his successor, till the year 1641, 
at which period it was forfeited by O'Dowde, and granted 
to the family of Wood." 

Respecting his education, Professor O'Curry writes : 2 
" Duald Mac Firbis appears to have been intended for the 
hereditary profession of an antiquarian and historian, or 
for that of the Fenechas, or ancient laws of his native 
country (now improperly called the Brehon Laws). To 
qualify him for either of these ancient and honourable 
professions, and to improve and perfect his education, 
young Mac Firbis appears, at an early age, to have passed 
into Munster, and to have taken up his residence in the 

1 O'Donovan. See Hy-Fiachrach, 
Introduction, p. vi. 

8 Writes. Lectures on the MS. 
materials of Irish History, p. 121. 



school of law and history then kept by the Mac Egans 1 of 
Lecan, in Ormond, in the present county of Tipperary. 
He studied also for some time, either before or after this, 
but I believe after, in Burren, in the present county of 
Clare, at the not less distinguished literary and legal 
school of the O'Davorens, where we find him, with many 
other young Irish gentlemen, about the year 1595, under 
the presidency of Donnell O'Davoren." 2 

Duald Mac Firbis's studies were not confined to the 
ordinary branches of education attainable through the 
medium of his native language, but included also Greek 
and Latin. From his account of the Anglo-Norman and 
Welsh families settled in Ireland, he seems to have been 
familiar with the writings of Giraldus Cambrensis and 
Holingshed. He appears also to have read Verstegan's 
" Restitution of Decayed Intelligence," and the " Fasci- 
culus Temporum" of Rolewinck. In his copy of Cormac's 
Glossary, preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, (Class H. 2, 15), he explains many Latin and 
Greek words in the margin, always writing the Greek in 
the original character. Nevertheless, the rude Latinity 
of some of the entries in the following chronicle indicates 
that his knowledge of Latin was very imperfect. 

We have no account of Mac Firbis's proceedings from 
the period when he had completed his education until the 
year 1645, two years after the death of his father, when 
he seems to have been settled in Galway, where he be- 
came acquainted with the learned Roderick O'Flaherty 
(then only seventeen years of age), and Dr. John Lynch, 
the author of " Cambrensis Eversus," to both of whom he 

1 Mac Egans. These were heredi- 
tary Brehons, or judges, and professors 
of the old Irish laws, and descendants 
of the men who compiled the splendid 
vellum MS. called the Leabhar Breac, 
or " Speckled Book," preserved in the 
library of the Royal Irish Academy. 
This MS., which was compiled in the 
year 1397, is the most valuable re- 

pertory now remaining of ancient Irish 
ecclesiastical affairs. 

2 O'Davoren. The author or trans- 
criber of a curious and important Irish 
Glossary, written in 1569, and pub- 
lished by Mr. Whitley Stokes (Lon- 
don, 1863), from the original in the 
British Museum. 



acted as Irish tutor, affording them, besides, much valu- 
able assistance in the prosecution of their historical studies. 
O'Flaherty, who appears to have been much attached to 
him, and frequently acknowledges, with much feeling, the 
obligations he owed to Mac Firbis, in his chapter on the 
letters of the Irish, says of him, that he was " rei anti- 
quarise Hibernorum unicum, dum vixit, columen, et ex- 
tinctus, detrimentum." 1 Again, referring to his enumera- 
tion of the kings of Ulidia, O'Flaherty observes : "Horum 
nomenclaturam, et annorum numerum, quo illorum quis- 
que Ultonise prsefuit, penes me habeo ab intimo nostro 
amico Dualdo Firbisio e vetustis majorum suorum Monu- 
mentis excerptum, qui anno Domini 1670-1 cruenta 
morte sublatus antiquitatum, et Hiberniae linguae cogni- 
tioni altum vulnus inflixerat." 2 And in another place he 
calls him " hereditary professor of the antiquities of his 
country." 3 

Dr. Lynch, who wrote under the name of " Gratianus 
Lucius," also acknowledges 4 having received assistance 
from Mac Firbis. 

During the ensuing five years Mac Firbis was occupied 
in compiling his important work on Irish genealogies, 
which he finished in 1650, as he states, 5 in the College of 
St. Nicholas, Galway. In the year 1652, he lost one of 
his steadfast friends, Dr. Lynch, who fled to France on 
the surrender of Galway to the Parliamentary Forces ; 
but he still continued, although under adverse circum- 
stances, to apply his honest zeal and active industry 
to the task of transferring to a more permanent shape 
the contents of MSS. falling into decay. A few years 
later, however, his prospects assumed a brighter aspect. 
Sir James Ware, impressed with the importance of 

1 Detrimentum. Ogygia, p. 233. 

8 Inflixerat. /&., Proloquium, p. 

s Country. " Dualdus Firbissius, 
patriw antiquitatum professor hseredi- 
tarius." /&., p. 219. 

* Acknowledges. See Cambrensis 
Eversus, cap. xx. 

6 States ; viz : in the Preface to 
the work. 



securing the services of one so thoroughly acquainted 
with the language, history, and antiquities of his country 
as Mac Firbis had the reputation of being, employed him, 
in the year 1655, to collect and translate, from the Irish 
Annals, materials for the composition of his learned works 
on the Antiquities and Ecclesiastical History of Ireland. 
His connection with Ware, who, as already remarked, 
makes no reference to the services rendered him by Mac 
Firbis, has been generally considered to have commenced 
only a short time before the death of that distinguished 
scholar in 1666 ; but there are two tracts compiled by Mac 
Firbis in 1655 one a catalogue of Irish bishops, preserved 
in the British Museum, 1 in each of which he states that 
it was drawn up for his friend and patron, Ware. At a 
subsequent period he seems to have been an inmate of 
Ware's house, in Dublin, as appears from the following re- 
mark of Harris, in his account of the Bishops of Tuam : 

" One John was consecrated about the close of the year 
1441. [Sir James Ware declares he could not discover 
when he died ; and adds that some called him John De 
Burgo, but that he could not answer for the truth of that 
name.] But both these particulars are cleared up, and 
his immediate successor named, by Dudley Firbisse, an 
amanuensis, whom Sir James Ware employed in his house 
to translate and collect for him from the Irish manuscripts ; 
one of whose pieces begins thus, viz. : ' This translation 
beginned was by Dudley Firbisse, in the house of Sir 
James Ware, in Castle-street, Dublin, 6th of November, 
1666,' which was 24 days before the death of the said 
knight." " I suppose the death of his patron," adds 
Harris, " put a stop to his further progress." 2 

The small amount of patronage extended to him has 
also been made the subject of complaint by old Charles 

1 British Museum. Cod. Clarend. [De Burgo]. The document here 
torn. 68 ; Ayscough, 4799 ; Plut. alluded to by Harris is a translation of 
cxv. E. some annals, which has been printed. 

2 Progress. See Harris's edition of Irish Archaeological Society's Miscel- 
Ware; Bishops of Tuam, under John lany, vol. i., p. 200. 



O'Conor of Belanagare, the grandfather of Dr. O'Conor, 
editor of Rerum Hibernicarum, Scriptores. " Duald Mac 
Firbis," observes 1 this venerable antiquary and scholar, 
" the most eminent antiquarian of the latter times, was 
possessed of a considerable number of the Brethe Nimhe. 3 
He alone could explain them, as he alone, without patron- 
age or assistance, entered into the depths of this part of 
Scottish learning, so extremely obscure to us of the present. 
When we mention Mac Firbis, we are equally grieved and 
ashamed ; his neglected abilities ignominious to his un- 
grateful country ! his end tragical ! his loss irreparable !" 
The death of his enlightened patron, Sir James Ware, 
having put a stop to his labours in Dublin, Mac Firbis 
appears to have returned to his native place in the county 
of Sligo, where he lived in great poverty during the remain- 
ing few years of his life. He had outlived many of the 
friends who had encouraged and assisted him in former 
years ; others, like Dr. Lynch, had sought safety in flight 
from the vengeance of their successful opponents in the 
civil war which then distracted the country ; and of those 
who remained behind, the majority, including the learned 
Roderick O'Flaherty, heir to a handsome patrimony, were 
reduced by confiscation to a state of poverty 3 hardly less 
intense than that in which Mac Firbis was plunged. 

1 Observes. Dissertations on the 
History of Ireland, Dublin, 2nd edit., 
1766, pp. 124, 125. See also the 
first ed., Dublin, 1733, p. 155. 

8 Bretke Nimke ; pron. Brehe Nive ; 
a collection of ancient Irish Laws, for 
an account of which see Cambrensis 
Eversus, Dublin, 1848, vol. II., pp. 

* Poverty. The condition of the 
Irish nobility at this period has been 
briefly described by Mac Firbis, in a 
note added by him in his genealogical 
work (Royal Irish Academy copy, 
folio 299). Referring to the ancient 
celebrity of the Irish, and to the 
alleged continental expedition of 
King Dathi, (vid. infra, ad an. 428), 

he observes: "It is no doubt a 
worldly lesson to consider how the 
Gaeidhel were at this time conquering 
the countries far and near, and that not 
one in a hundred of the Irish nobles, 
at this day, possesses as much of his 
land as he could be buried in, though 
they expect it in this year, 1664." 
On which Dr. O'Donovan remarks, 
" This, and many other strong pass- 
ages to the same effect, show that the 
Irish in our author's time were in an 
awful state of destitution ; and it is 
highly probable that he himself was 
begging from door to door at the 
time that he inserted this passage." 
Hy-Fiachrach, p. 321. 


The state of misery to which his friend OTlaherty was 
brought after the confiscation of his ample inheritance, is 
incidentally told by Dr. Thomas Molyneux, in his account 1 
of a journey made to Connaught in the year 1709. 

" I went," he says, " to visit old Flaherty, who lives, 
very old, in a miserable condition at Park, some three 
hours west of Galway, in Hiar or West Connaught. I 
expected to have seen here some old Irish manuscripts ; 
but his ill fortune has stripped him of these as* well as 
other goods, so that he has nothing now left but some few 
of his own writing, and a few old rummish books of 
history printed." O'Flaherty was then in his 80th year. 

The death of Mac Firbis was sudden and violent. In 
the year 1670, while travelling to Dublin, he was assassin- 
ated at Dunflin, in the county of Sligo. The circum- 
stances attending the event, are thus narrated by Professor 
O'Curry. 2 

"Mac Firbis was at that time under the ban of the 
penal laws, and, consequently, a marked and almost a 
defenceless man, in the eye of the law, whilst the friends 
of his murderer enjoyed the full protection of the consti- 
tution. He must have been then past his 80th year, and 
he was, it is believed, on his way to Dublin, probably to 
visit Robert, the son of Sir James Ware. He took up his 
lodgings for the night at a small house in the little village 
of Dunflin, in his native county. While sitting and rest- 
ing himself in a small room off the shop, a young gentle- 
man, of the Crofton family, came in and began to take 
some liberties with a young woman who had the care of 
the shop. She, to check his freedom, told him that he 
would be seen by the old gentleman in the next room 
upon which, in a sudden rage, he snatched up a knife 
from the counter, rushed furiously into the room, and 
plunged it into the heart of Mac Firbis." 

i Account. Published in the Mis- I . O'Curry. Lectures, &c., p. 122. 
ccllany of the Irish Arch. Soc., vol. i. I 


"Thus it was that, at the hand of a wanton assassin, this 
great scholar closed his long career the last of the regu- 
larly educated and most accomplished masters of the 
history, antiquities, and laws and language of ancient 

The venerable Charles O'Conor, to whom the circum- 
stances attending the murder of MacFirbis were known, 
but who withheld them from publicity out of consider- 
ation for the descendants of the murderer, thus deplores 
the event 1 : 

" Duald Mac Firbis closed the line of the hereditary 
antiquaries of Lecan, in Tirfiacra, on the Moy ; a family 
whose law reports and historical collections, (many of 
which lie now dispersed in England and France), have 
derived great credit to their country. This last of the 
Firbises was unfortunately murdered at Dunflin, in the 
county of Sligo, A.D. 1670 ; and by his death our anti- 
quities received an irreparable blow. The last years of 
his life were employed in drawing up a glossary for the 
explanation of our old law terms, the great desideratum 
of the present age. Of the fate of this last performance 
we know nothing, but we may well suppose it lost, as the 
author lived without a single patron, in days unfavourable 
to the arts of which he was master." 

The compilations of Mac Firbis are numerous, and of 
the most varied nature, including works on Biography, 
Genealogy, Hagiology, History, Law, and Philology. He 
appears also to have transcribed many tracts compiled by 
others, and to have translated some. The following list 
comprises all his works that are at present known to 
exist, either in his own handwriting, or in authentic tran- 
scripts therefrom : 

1. The transcript from which the following chronicle 
has been printed. 

The event. See Ogygia Vindicated, Preface, pp. u 


2. His large genealogical work, completed in the year 

1650, and entitled " The Branches of Relationship, 
and the Genealogical Ramifications of every Colony 
that took possession of Ireland, &c. ; together with 
a Sanctilogium, and a Catalogue of the Monarchs 
of Ireland, &c. ; compiled by Dubhaltach Mac 
Firbisigh, of Lecan, 1650." 

The original of this important work is in the possession 
of the Earl of Roden, and an excellent copy of it, by the 
late Professor O'Curry, transcribed in the year 1836, is in 
the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. This work has 
been described by Dr. O'Conor, in the Stowe Catalogue, 1 
from a copy formerly in the Stowe Collection, and now 
the property of Lord Ashburnham. A detailed description 
of its contents, by Dr. Petrie, appears in the 18th vol. 
of the Royal Irish Academy's Transactions. Professor 
O'Curry has also published an abstract of its contents 
in his Lectures 2 on the MS. Materials of Irish History. 
Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, writing of this volume, 
observes 3 : " As the work stands it is valuable, by pre- 
serving the descents, and pointing out the possessions of 
our Irish families of latter times very accurately; but 
it is particularly valuable as rescuing from oblivion the 
names of districts and tribes in Ireland, antecedently to 
the second century ; since which the Scoti have gradually 
imposed new names of their own, as they were enabled, 
from time to time, to expel the Belgic inhabitants. It is 
a most curious chart of ancient topography, and vastly 
preferable to that given by the Alexandrian Geographer, 
Ptolemy, who must know [have known] but little of Ire- 
land, wherein the Romans never made a descent." 

3. An Abridgment of the foregoing work, with some 

i Stvwe Catalogue. Vol. i., p. 138. I Observes. Ogygia Vindicated, 
i Lectures. See p. 215, j. 1 Preface, pp. ix., x. 



additional Pedigrees, compiled in the year 1666. 
The original of this abridgment is not now known 
to exist ; but there is a very accurate copy of it in 
the library of the Marquess of Drogheda, and 
several in the collection of the Royal Irish 

4. A Treatise on Irish authors, drawn up in the year 

1656. The original of this work, which formerly 
belonged to Sir James Ware, had been considered, 
for a long time, as altogether lost, but the Editor 
found it in the year 1864, in the Bodleian Library, 
Oxford, bound up with the next tract (No. 5), in 
the volume Rawlinson, 480, to which his attention 
was directed by the Rev. Dr. Macray, of Oxford. 
Although in the Preface to his Genealogical Work 
Mac Firbis alludes to his having compiled such a 
treatise, it appears from various data furnished by 
the Bodleian copy, which is in his own hand- 
writing, that it had not been completed. An 
accurate copy 1 of this fragment, made by the Editor, 
has been placed in the Royal Irish Academy. 

5. A catalogue of extinct Irish Bishoprics, together 

with a list of dignitaries anciently accounted 
bishops, but not so regarded in the author's time. 
This very curious tract, written in 1665, is also 
preserved in the Rawlinson collection, in the same 
volume that contains the last mentioned treatise. 
It is in the autograph of Mac Firbis, and appears 
to have been the property of Sir James Ware, 
although the editor of his Works does not seem to 


have known of its existence. Neither was it known 
to any subsequent investigator, until the Editor 

1 Copy. For an account of its con- 
tents, see a paper by Denis Henry 

Kelly, esq., in the Proceedings of the 
Eoyal Irish Academy, vol. ix., p. 182. 



found it under the circumstances referred to in 
connection with the last mentioned treatise (No. 4). 
A transcript 1 of this catalogue, also made by the 
Editor, has been added to the collection of the R. I. 

6. A List of Bishops arranged by Mac Firbis for Sir 

James Ware, already referred to, which is probably 
a copy, or abstract of the foregoing catalogue. 

7. A Collection of Glossaries, including original compo- 

sitions and transcripts from more ancient ones. Of 
these there are several fragments preserved in the 
MS. volume classed H. 2, 15, in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin. The same volume also 
contains transcripts, in Mac Firbis's handwriting, 
of O'Davoren's law glossary, and the curious 
glossary believed to have been compiled by Cor- 
mac, King and Bishop of Cashel, whose death is 
recorded infra under the year 907. These two 
important compilations have been published, from 
more ancient texts, by Mr. Whitley Stokes. 2 

8. A Martyrology, or Litany of the Saints, in verse, a 

copy of which, in his own autograph, is preserved 
in the British Museum. 

9. A transcript, or collection, from a volume of Annals 

belonging to Nehemias Mac Egan, of Ormond, 
" chief professor of the old Irish or Brehon Laws," 
made in the year 1643, for the Rev. John Lynch, 
author of " Cambrensis Eversus." This collection 
has been published by the Irish Arch, and Celt. 
Society, 3 from a copy made directly from Mac 
Firbis's MS. 

i Transcript. Described by Denis 
H. Kelly, esq., in the Proceedings of 
the E. I. Academy, voL ix., p. 182. 

8 Stokes. See Three Irish Glossaries ; 
London, Williams and Norgate, 1862. 

3 Society. Three Fragments of An- 
nals. Dublin, 1860. 


Mac Firbis's translations from the Irish are believed to 
have been numerous, but in consequence of the wide dis- 
persion of the MS. collection of Sir James Ware, for whom 
they were chiefly made, their extent cannot now be ascer- 
tained. His principal effort in this line was the transla- 
tion of the Annals of Ulster, now preserved in the British 
Museum, and of the original Annals of Inisfallen. An 
important fragment, consisting of a translation of Irish 
Annals from the year 1443 to 1468, has been published 
by the Irish Archaeological Society ; l and his English ver- 
sion of a curious tract called the " Registry of Clonmac- 
nois " believed to have been originally compiled before 
the year 1216 has been printed in the Transactions 2 of 
the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, from the translator's 
autograph in the British Museum. 

It is unnecessary to dwell further on Mac Firbis's pro- 
found knowledge of the history, language, and literature 
of his native country. The opinion entertained of his 
abilities, honest zeal, and industry, by Irish scholars of 
the present day, agrees with the judgment expressed of 
him by his learned contemporaries. Although educated 
with a special view to the profession which his ancestors 
for centuries had followed, his association with Roderick 
O'Flaherty, Dr. John Lynch, Francis Kirwan, Skerrett, 
and the other members of the learned brotherhood which 
obtained for the Collegiate Institution of Galway, in the 
seventeenth century, a distinguished reputation for literary 
eminence, naturally gave a wider range to his studies ; 
and it was probably during his residence among these 
remarkable men that he acquired whatever knowledge 
he possessed of the classic languages. 

In the art for such it may be called of correctly in- 
terpreting the very ancient phraseology of the Irish, or 
" Brehon" laws, he was without an equal It was the 

1 Society. See Miscellany of the Ir. I 2 Transactions. See Vol. I., New 
Arch. Soc., VoL I., Dublin, 1846. I Series, 1856-7. 


opinion of Charles O'Conor that all chance of rightly 
translating them passed away with him. He observes 
nearly as much himself; for in his treatise on Irish 
authors, 1 he states that there were only "three or four 
persons" living in his time who understood a word of the 
subject, and they were " the sons of Ollamhs (professors) 
of the territory of Connaught," in which province the 
ancient Irish customs and system of jurisprudence con- 
tinued longer than in the other divisions of Ireland. In 
proof of this Mac Firbis alleges, in the abridged copy of 
his large genealogical work, that he knew Irish chieftains 
who in his own time governed their septs " according to the 
'words of FithaT and the 'Royal Precepts;'" 2 the Fithal 
alluded to was Brehon, or judge, to Cormac Mac Airt, 
Monarch of Ireland in the third century, the reputed 
author of the " Royal Precepts," or cea^af 5 fiiogoa, of 
which various ancient copies are in existence. 

The MS. A. from which the following text has been taken 
is contained, as has been already observed, in a volume 
in the library of Trinity College, Dublin, classed H. 1. 18, 
which comprises fragments of several tracts, all in the 
Irish language. The contents of the volume, which is a 
paper folio, lettered on the back "Miscellanea Hiber- 
nica," are thus specified in a leaf at the beginning, in a 
handwriting which Dr. O'Donovan believed to be that of 
an amanuensis employed by Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, 
to whom the volume appears to have been lent by Val- 
lancey, in ] 774 : 

" In hoc vetusto ac valde pretioso codice haec antiqui- 
tatum Hibernise Monumenta continentur, viz. : 

1 Irish Authors. See MS., R. I. 
Acad., Class 23, 0, 43. 

2 Royal Precepts. See an account 
of the "Royal Precepts" or "Comae's 

Instructions" by the late Dr. O'Dono- 
van, with extracts therefrom, in the 
Dublin- Penny Journal, Vol. I., pp. 
213, 231. 



"1. Tractatus Genealogicus ex libro authentico qui 
vocatur Leabhar Irse clainn Ui Mael-Gonaire desumptus. 

" 2. Tractatus Historicusde bellis families O'Brienorum, 
turn secum invicem, turn contra Anglorum duces, a medio 
Sseculi xiii. usque ad annum Gratise, 1318, a Joanne 
Magrath, familiarum de Dail-Gais historico, et scriptore 
fere cosetaneo, stylo copioso, et juxta illorum temporum 
normam exaratus, atque ex autographo existente anno 
1721, a viro in antiquititabus nostris versatissimo, 
Andrea Mac Crutin nomine, fideliter et ad literam de- 

" 3. Annales Tigernachi Clonmacnoicensis, qui ab 
Augustino Magrada Canonico de Insula Sanctorum, vulgo 
dicta Oilean no, Naomh, et post mortem ejus, a quodam 
anonymo scriptore, continuantur ad annum 1 407. 

" 4. Antiquum Monumentum vulgo dictum Chronicon 
Scotorum. Videtur esse compendium prsedictorum Anna- 
lium Tigernachi. 

" Haec omnia Monumenta zelo ac industria illustrissimi 
ac Reverendissimi Joannis O'Brien, Episcopi Cloynensis 
et Rossensis in Hibernia, qui die xiii. mensis Marti, 1769, 
Lugduni in Galliaobiit,comparata et in unum hunccodicem 
digesta fuerunt." 

The Bishop O'Brien here referred to was the Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Cloyne, and the learned compiler of an 
Irish-English dictionary published in Paris, 1769, and 
republished, with additions, in Dublin in the year 1832. He 
was also the author of the tract on the Law of Tanistry, 
published by Vallancey under his own name (without the 
smallest allusion to the real author), in his " Collectanea 
de rebus Hibernicis," vol. 1. Dr. O'Brien, in conjunction 
with the Rev. John Corny, a good Irish scholar, was like- 
wise the compiler of the Dublin "Annals of Inisfallen." 
A paper in the Journal des Scavans, on the Macpherson 
poems of Ossian, is also attributed to Bishop O'Brien. 


The contents of the MS. H. 1. 18 have been more fully 
described by Dr. Charles O'Conor, 1 who carefully examined 
it when he was preparing his edition of Tighernach, and 
also subsequently by Dr. John O'Donovan. 2 

The copy of the Chronicum Scotorum in this volume 
occupies 52^ folios, or 105 pages of two columns each. 
The handwriting is large and bold, and in Mac Firbis's 
best style ; but the text is very much abbreviated, and 
some of the contractions are so complicated that it has 
been no easy task to decipher the words in many places. 
There is no evidence to fix the date at which the MS. was 
copied; but from acomparison of the handwriting with that 
in his larger genealogical work, compiled in 1650, it seems 
probable that the Chronicle was transcribed before that year. 

It is evident from the foregoing summary of contents 
that the copy of the Chronicum Scotorum in H. 1. 18 had 
belonged to Bishop O'Brien; and it was probably during 
his residence in France, where he lived for several 
years prior to his death in 1769, that the transcript in the 
Royal Irish Academy (23, P. 3), was made by his friend 
and associate, the Rev. John Conry. The MS. H. 1. 18 
had previously been the property of the learned Roderick 
O'Flaherty, who has frequently quoted it as a reliable 
authority in his " Ogygia," and has enhanced its value by 
many marginal notes and occasional emendations of the 
text. These annotations, which are all in O'Flaherty 's 
autograph, have been included in the footnotes to the 
present edition, as it was considered desirable that every 
memorandum added by so eminent an authority on Irish 
history and chronology should be carefully preserved. 

It does not appear at what date, or under what circum- 
stances, the MS. passed from O'Flaherty. But it could not 

1 O'Conor. Dr. O'Conor's descrip- 
tion is contained in a small quarto 
MS. tract accompanying H. 1. 18 

8 O'Donovan. See his (unpublished) 


Descriptive Catalogue of Irish MSS. in 
the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, 
p. 100. 


have been in his possession in 1709, when Dr. Molyneux 
found with him only "some few [tracts] of his own 
writing," his ill fortune having stripped him of his other 
Irish MSS. After the death of Dr. O'Brien, the MS. A. 
passed successively through the hands of Vallancey, and 
of old Charles O'Conor, whose grandson the learned editor 
of "Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores," has published a 
description of it in the Stowe Catalogue. 

A good deal of uncertainty has hitherto been felt 
respecting the original from which Mac Firbis made his 
copy of the Chronicum Scotorum. The late eminent Celtic 
scholar, Professor O'Curry, was uncertain whether to regard 
MS. A. as the original, or only a transcript. " Nothing 
of its history is known to me," he observes, "but what can 
be gathered from the book itself, and the hand in which 
the autograph (or Trinity College copy) is written." In 
his valuable lecture on the life and works of Duald Mac 
Firbis, O'Curry speaks of him as the "compiler" 1 of the 
Chronicle, which he in another place calls the "compila- 
tion" 2 of Mac Firbis, and again a "compendium from some 
ancient book or books of annals belonging to his family," 
and a " utilitarian abstract." 3 At the conclusion of his 
description, nevertheless, he gives expression to his doubt 
on the subject of its origin, in the following words, viz. : 
" Such as it is, however, and as far as it goes, there can 
be no doubt of its being one of the most authentic copies 
of, or compilations from, more ancient annals." 4 

Professor O'Curry's first supposition, that the Chronicum 
Scotorum was a compilation, or abstract, made by Mac 
Firbis, seems to have been founded chiefly on the inter- 
pretation of the opening sentence of the work, in which 
Mac Firbis deprecates the censure of his readers for having 

Compiler. Lectures, &c., pp. 126, 

127, 129. 
Compilation. Ib., p. 120. 

3 Abstract. Ib., p. 128. 
* Annals. Ib., p. 129. 



given only a summary of the ancient history of the Scotic 
or Milesian colonists, whose proceedings before their arrival 
in Ireland, as well as subsequent thereto, are generally 
detailed at much length by Irish writers. In this very 
passage, however, Mac Firbis calls his MS. a " copy," 1 as 
he does again further on where he speaks of " the vellum 
from which it has been drawn." 2 

Regarding the reasons which induced Mac Firbis's 
unwillingness 3 to copy the section of the work forming 
pp. 1 to 15 of the present edition, Professor O'Curry 
writes, " It is very probable that it was about this time 
[1650] that Sir James Ware conceived the idea of avail- 
ing himself of Mac Firbis's extensive and profound 
antiquarian learning ; and as that learned and well- 
intentioned writer, was then concerned only with what 
related to the ecclesiastical history of Ireland, this was 
probably the reason that Mac Firbis offers those warm 
apologies for having been compelled to pass over the 
' long and tedious' account of the early colonizations of 
this country, and pass at one step to the Christian era. 
(We. know that Ware quotes many of our old Annals as 
sterling authorities in his work. As these were all in 
the Irish language, and as Ware had no acquaintance 
with that language, it follows clearly enough, that he 
must have had some competent person to assist him to 
read those annals, and whose business it was doubtless 
to select and translate for him such parts of them as 
were deemed by him essential to his design.) Excepting 
for some such purpose as this, I can see no reason what- 
ever why Mac Firbis should apply himself, and with 

1 Copy, The original has "fan 
coipre," "in this copy." Vide infra, 
p 2. In Professor O'Curry's inter- 
pretation of this passage (Lectures, 
&c., p. 127), the word coip, "copy," is 
translated "book," apparently through 

inadvertence, as "coip" simply signi- 
fies "copy." 

" Drawn. See infra, p. 11. 

* Unwillingness. See the last para- 
graph, p. 9, infra. 


such apparent reluctance, to make this compendium from 
some ancient book or books of Annals belonging to his 
family. It appears, indeed, from his own words," adds 
O'Curry, " that it was poverty or distress that caused 
him to pass over the record of what he deemed the 
ancient glory of his country, and to draw up a mere 
utilitarian abstract for some person to whose patronage 
he was compelled to look for support in his declining 
years." 1 But Mac Firbis, who asserts that in making 
the preliminary abstract he was actuated by a desire 
" to avoid tediousness," does not refer to " poverty or 
distress ;" and it is certain that his copy of the Chroni- 
cum Scotorum was neither made for, nor at any time 
the property of, Sir James Ware. 

It need scarcely be observed that no man was more 
competent than Professor O'Curry to pronounce, authori- 
tatively, on any subject connected with Irish MSS. ; and 
had he transcribed or translated the MS. A., or been able 
to devote the time necessary for a minute investigation of 
its contents, observed the occasional peculiarities of idiom 
and archaic phraseology, and the conjectural emendations 
here and there suggested by Mac Firbis, (which will be 
found referred to in the foot-notes to the present volume), 
he would doubtless have been led to the conclusion at 
which the Editor has arrived, viz. : that it is, in all except 
the preliminary section, a trustworthy copy of an ancient 
chronicle compiled in the monastery of Clonmacnois. 

The Editor would naturally regret very much to find 
himself at issue with any deliberate opinion put forward 
by Professor O'Curry on a question touching the age 
or history of an Irish MS. And had that distinguished 
scholar expressed it as his unqualified conviction, after a 
critical examination of the entire subject, that the 
Chronicum Scotorum was the actual compilation of 

1 Tears. Lectures, &c., pp. 127, 128. 


Duald Mac Firbis, the Editor would have bowed sub- 
missively to his superior judgment. But O'Curry had 
spoken in such undecided terms of the authorship of the 
Chronicle, that the Editor considered the question capable 
of further elucidation, and the result of his inquiries 
having been placed before the Right Honorable the 
Master of the Rolls, His Lordship was pleased to coincide 
in the conclusion arrived at by the Editor, and to sanc- 
tion the publication of the present work. 

The internal evidence furnished by MS. A. would be 
sufficient, even if other evidence were wanting, to prove 
that it is not the original compilation of Mac Firbis. In 
more than one place, for instance, as has been already 
observed, he refers to his production as a " copy." In 
other places, where a difficulty apparently occurred in 
deciphering the original from which he copied, he ventures 
on conjectural emendations, without, however, affecting 
the integrity of his text. At the year 718 (recti 722), 
where a large deficiency occurs, he speaks of " the old 
book" 1 out of which he wrote, as wanting a "front" of 
two leaves, as a provision for which he leaves a part of his 
MS. blank. The hiatus 2 left in his transcript of the 
entry at the year 1013 (recti 1015) illustrates the fidelity 
with which he copied the original Chronicle. Both these 
deficiencies might have been easily supplied by Mac 
Firbis from other Annals, if his desire had been to frame 
a Chronicle ; and his omission to supply them indicates 
conclusively that the text of the MS. A. has been tran- 
scribed from an original by a copyist, not reduced or put 
into form by a compiler, whose business it would have 
been not to copy, but to supply, as far as possible, all 
defects in his sources. 

Dr. O'Donovan, who did not make as much use of the 

i The old book. See note , p. 124, I * Hiattu. See note , p. 254. 
infra. I 



Chronicum Scotorum as he might have done, although 
he considered it " very valuable as containing passages 
not to be found in any other Annals," hesitates, in his 
account 1 of its contents, to pronounce an opinion on the 
question of its age or history. But elsewhere 2 he calls it 
" a good abstract of some Annals which belonged to the 
Mac Firbises, made by the celebrated Duald Mac Firbis ;" 
and adds that it was " styled Chronicum Scotorum, by 
the transcriber, who states that he shortened or abstracted 
it from a larger work of the Mac Firbises, omitting every- 
thing except what relates to the Scoti or Milesians." 
The statement here imputed to Mac Firbis does not 
correctly express the sense of the passage 3 to which 
Dr. O'Donovan alludes. 

The fact is that O'Donovan seems not to have care- 
fully examined the Chronicum Scotorum. 

This will appear evident from some notes 4 in his edition 
of the Annals of the Four Masters, regarding entries in 
these Annals which are also contained in the present 
Chronicle, the original of which may have been among 
the authorities made use of by the Four Masters. Even 
the valuable entry at the year 964, infra, where the 
erection of the Round Tower of Tomgraney, in Clare, is 
ascribed to Cormac O'Cillin, escaped O'Donovan's notice, 
which could hardly have happened had he attentively 
read the Chronicum. His description of the MS. was 
written in 1836 : but, three years afterwards, writing of 
this very passage, which Colgan (Actt. SS. p. 360) incor- 
rectly quotes from the Four Masters, O'Donovan observes, 

1 Account. See his Descriptive 
Catalogue (unpublished) of the Irish 
MSS. in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, p. 103. 

8 Elsewhere. See Four Mast., vol. 
i., p. Ixv., note f . 

Pottage. See the opening sen- 
tence, p. 3, infra. 

* Notes. See Four Mast., O'Do- 
novan's ed., A.D. 806 (note "), 842 
(note "), and 964 (note T ), and cf. 
the entries there referred to, with the 
corresponding entries infra at the 
years 811, 844, and 964, respectively. 


"It is to be lamented that we have not the original 
Irish of this passage, as it would show that a round tower 
(ctoig eac) was erected at Tuaim-greine in the third 
quarter of the tenth century." 1 

That Duald Mac Firbis did make an abstract or com- 
pilation from some of the books of Annals belonging to 
his family is very certain. The collection of Irish MSS. 
in Trinity College, Dublin, includes a large fragment 
(classed H. 2, 11) of the Annals of the Four Masters, in 
the autograph of Michael O'Clery. This volume seems 
to have belonged to Roderick O'Flaherty, who has added 
numerous marginal notes down to the year 1422, and 
referred to several authorities, among which is a chronicle 
quoted as that of " D. F." or Dudley Firbisse. But it is 
hardly necessary to observe that this could not have been 
the Chronicum Scotorum, with which O'Flaherty was 
well acquainted, and which he has so frequently quoted 
in his " Ogygia," without, however, mentioning the name 
of Mac Firbis in connexion with it. There can be no 
question that, if the Chronicle had been compiled by Mac 
Firbis, O'Flaherty would not have concealed the fact, or 
spoken of it as " Scotochronicon Tigernachi Cluanense," 8 
and " Tigernachi Cluanensis Scotorum Chronicon," 3 thus 
intimating that it was originally written in the monastery 
of Clonmacnois, where the more ancient and important 
Chronicle of Tighernach was also compiled. 

That the present chronicle was known to Irish scholars in 
the last century as the " Chronicum Scotorum Cluanense," 
or of Clonmacnois, appeal's from an article published in 
the Journal des Scavans for 1764, seemingly from the 
pen of Bishop O'Brien, in whose possession MS. A. was at 
the time, and who was, of the Irish scholars of his day, 

1 Century. See Ordnance Survey 
Letters, R. I. Academy; Clare, vol. 
II., p. 245. 

Scotorum. See Offyyia, p. 436. 
1 Chronicon. Ib., p. 466. 



the most competent, perhaps, to offer an opinion on the 
age or history of an Irish MS. 

"Plusieurs scavans etrangeres," observes the learned 
writer, " reconnoissent que les Irlandois ont des Annales 
d'une antiquite' tres respectable, et d'une authenticity 
a toute epreuve. C'est le jugement qu'en porte Mr. Stil- 
lingfleet dans le Preface de ses Antiquites, ou il paroit, au 
contraire, faire tres peu de cas de tous les Monumens de 
la nation Ecossoise. Mr. Innes, qui n'a jamais flatte' les 
Irlandois, reconnoit 1'antiquite', aussi bien que 1'authen- 
ticite' de leurs Annales, particulierement de celles de 
Tigernach, d'Inisfallen, et de quelques autres. H remarque 
que la copie des Annales de Tigernach qui appartenoit a 
Mr. O'Flaherty, Auteur de 1'Ogygia, paroissoit plus parfaite 
que celle qui se trouvoit dans le Bibliotheque du Due de 
Chandois. Je crois devoir declarer ici que je possede 
actuellement cette meme copie des Annales de Tigernach 
que possedait Mr. O'Flaherty, avec un ancienne apographe 
de la Chronique de Clonmacnois, qui est bien connu sous 
le titre de Chronicon Scotorum Cluanense, et qui appar- 
tenoit aussi au meme Monsieur O'Flaherty, qui le cite bien 
souvent dans son Ogygia." 1 

In another place in the same journal Bishop O'Brien 
remarks, criticising Innes's Critical Essay, "Mr. Innes 
s'accorde parfaitement avec les anciennes Annales d'Irlande, 
particulierement avec celles de Tigernachus et du Chron- 
icon Scotorum Cluanense, ou on lit la note suivante a 
1'an 503; 'Fergus Mor Mac Eire cum gente Dalriada partem 
Britannise tenuit, et ibi mortuus est. ' " 2 

The Rev. Dr. O' Conor, who carefully examined the 
Chronicum, and made a transcript of MS. A., which he 
collated with the Bodleian copy of Tighernach, was also 
of opinion that the Chronicum was originally written at 

1 Ogygia. Vide Journal det Scavant, 
1764, torn, ix., p. 351. 

J Mortuus est. Journal det Sca- 
vans, torn, iv., p. 64. 



Clonmacnois. " Some have confounded this chronicle 
with Tighernach," he observes, "because it is frequently 
called 'Chronicon Cluanense,' and was written in Tigher- 
nach's Monastery of Clonmacnois." And among the 
number of persons so offending, O' Conor rightly includes 
Roderick O'Flaherty, who undoubtedly has so confounded 1 
it, although the chronicle which the latter refers to 
throughout his " Ogygia" as the " Chron. Cluanense" is not 
the present Chronicle, but Mageoghegan's translation of 
the so-called Annals of Clonmacnois. 

It is very much to be regretted that O'Flaherty has not 
put his readers in possession of the reasons which induced 
him to identify the present Chronicle with Tighernach. 
He probably regarded the Chronicum in the same light 
as Dr. O'Conor has regarded it, namely, as a reproduction 
of Tighernach, in a form slightly altered. In O'Conor's 
edition of Tighernach's Annals, commenting on the entry 
at the year 434, respecting the " first Saxon depredation 
in Erinn" (which is supplied from the Chronicum Sco- 
torum), he observes 2 " Eadem habent ad eundem annum 
Annales Ultonke. Silet tamen Chron. Saxon. ; sed vetus- 
tiores sunt Annales Tigernachi, qui obiit anno 1088 ; et 
Chron. Scotorum nihil aliud est quam compendium 
Tigernachi, paucis adjectis, a quo vetere auctore igno- 
ramus." Again, at the year 662, in his edition of the 
same Annals, referring to a corruption in the Bodleian 
text, which he has corrected from the Chronicum Scoto- 
rum, he says, 3 " Textum in codice Bodleiano hie corrup- 
tum restituimus ex codice MS. Dublinii cui titulus 
Chronicon Scotorum, qui nihil aliud est quam Tigernachi 

1 Confounded. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pp. 434, 436, and 466. The 
authority there referred to under the 
respective titles of "Tigernac. seu 
Chronicon Scotorum,'' " Scotchron- 
icon Tigernachi Cluanense," and 
"Tigernachi Cluanensis Scotorum 

Chronicon," is unquestionably the 
MS. A. 

2 Observes. See Rerum Hilerni- 
carum Scriptores, vol. ii., p. 101, note 


8 Says. Ib. vol. ii., p. 202, note ( J). 



compendium propriis verbis ubique fere servatis." And 
in another place he describes 1 it as the " Chronicon Scoto- 
rum, MS. in Biblioth. Dublin, ex codice Tigernachi jam 

That this learned and painstaking writer was certainly 
wrong in supposing the Chronicum Scotorum to be no 
more than a compendium of Tigernach, " propriis verbis," 
and " paucis adjectis," will appear evident on a perusal of 
the present volume, although, as Professor O'Curry has 
remarked, 2 "the order and arrangement of the events 
recorded, and the events themselves, often, though not al- 
ways, agree with the Annals of Tighernach." Even mak- 
ing due allowance for certain verbal differences attribut- 
able to Mac Firbis's practice 3 of altering the orthography 
and grammatical construction of old texts transcribed by 
him to the standard in use in his time, the discrepancies be- 
tween the phraseology of the two chronicles are too marked 
to justify the opinion that one was actually copied from 
the other. These discrepancies are rather of a nature to 
indicate that Tighernach and the original compiler of the 
Chronicum Scotorum had transcribed from a common 
original. It is impossible that Mac Firbis could have 
made his copy from any existing MS. of Tighernach. 

It appears from the "Testimonium" prefixed to the 
Annals of the Four Masters that the laborious compilers 
of that invaluable collection made use of a chronicle called 
the " Annals of Clonmacnois," which came down to the 
year 1227. There is no Irish chronicle at present known 
answering to this description. It could not have been 
the volume of Annals translated by Conell Mageoghegan, 
which seems to have extended to the year 1407, inasmuch 
as several entries quoted from the " Book of Clonmacnois" 
by the Four Masters are not to be found in Mageoghegan's 

1 Describes. Rerum Hibernicarum 
Scriptores, vol . ii., p. 84, note^ 1 ). 
3 Remarked. Lectures, cfc., p. 129. 

* Practice. See Dr. O'Donovan's 
observations on this subject, in his ed. 
of Hy- Fiachrach, notes to p. 176, sq. 



translation, although some of these entries are such as 
Mageoghegan would certainly not have omitted had he 
found them in his original. At the year 1005, for 
instance, the Four Masters give an account of a great 
hosting made by Brian Borumha into the north of Ire- 
land, which is stated to have been extracted from the 
" Book of Clonmacnois," and the " Book of the Island 1 of 
Saints, in Loch Ribh," There is no reference to this ex- 
pedition in Mageoghegan's version of the former chronicle ; 
and there is little doubt that, had Mageoghegan found 
such a record in the volume which he professed to trans- 
late, he would not have failed to make it the foundation 
of an encomium on Brian, by his extreme partiality for 
whom the authority of Mageoghegan's version is in many 
places injuriously affected. 

This entry will be found infra, under the year 1004, 
in nearly the same terms used by the Four Masters. 
Again, the record of the victory gained by Comaltan Ua 
Clerigh, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, over Fergal Ua 
Ruairc, which the Four Masters have at the year 964, is 
stated in the MS. of that work, formerly in the Stowe 
Libraiy, to have been taken from the same " Books of 
Clonmacnois" and of " the Island." There is no similar 
entry in any other known chronicle except the present, 
in which it appears under the same year. The number of 
the slain is, however, differently given in these authorities, 
owing apparently to some mistake in the transcription of 
either. In a note to his edition of the Four Masters, at 
the year 806 (rectk 811), respecting the curious entry there 
given of the arrival of a Cele-De' in Ireland, Dr. O'Donovan 

* Book of the Island. " This was a 
book of Annals, which were continued 
by Augustin Magraidin to his own 
time, A.D. 1405. Ware had a part 
of these Annals, with some additions, 
made after Magraidin's death. See 
Harris's edition of Ware's Writers of 

Ireland,}). 87; Colgan's Acta Sanc- 
torum, p. 5 ; and Archdall's Monast. 
Hib., p. 442. These Annals have not 
been yet identified, if extant." Note 
by Dr. O'Donovan, Four Mast., A.D. 
1005, note . 


observes 1 " This entry is not in the Annals of Ulster or 
Clomnacnois [i.e., Mageoghegan's version]. It has been also 
copied by the Four Masters into their Leabhar-Gabhala 
(or Book of Invasions], but where they found it the Editor 
has not been able to determine." This entry is given in 
the present chronicle, at the year 811, in almost precisely 
the same words as in the Four Masters. Referring to the 
death of Tolorg, chief of Fealla, which the Four Masters 
record under the year 842, O'Donovan also remarks 2 
" This entry is not in the Annals of Ulster, or in those of 
Clonmacnois. The Editor has not been able to find any 
other reference to this territory, and thinks that it is a 
mistake of the Four Masters." But the same record ap- 
pears word for word, infra, under the year 844, which is 
the correct date. 

Many other entries, also common to the Annals of the 
Four Masters and the present chronicle, are not found in 
any other volume of Irish Annals now known to be in 

The curious account in the present chronicle, under the 
year 1107 (rectb 1111), respecting the synod of Uisnech, 
and the partition of the ancient diocese of Feara-Midhe 
(Meath and Westmeath), between the Bishops of Clon- 
macnois and Clonard, furnishes some important evidence 
towards discovering the real compiler of the original from 
which Mac Firbis made his transcript. The account in 
question, which is more than usually specific as to matters 
of detail, does not appear in any other work now forth- 
coming, except in the MS. known as the " Dublin Annals 
of Inisfallen," compiled by Bishop O'Brien and the Rev. 
John Conry, who of course must have copied it from 
the MS. A. which, as we have seen, belonged to one of them. 
Dr. Lynch states that the same account was contained in 

i Observes. SeeAnn.F.M.,0'Dono- I * Remarks. Ib., vol. i., p. 464, 
van's cd., vol. i., p. 417, note ". I note 1 . 



" a copy of old Irish annals" 1 in his possession. It is to be 
regretted that Lynch did not more precisely mention his 
authority. It was probably no other than MS. A., which 
may have been lent to him by Mac Firbis,his instructor and 
guide in matters relating to Irish history and antiquities. 

Amongst the persons who took a leading part in the 
synod referred to was an ecclesiastic named Gillachrist 
Ua-Maeileoin, or O'Malone, abbot of Clonmacnois, to whom 
the compilation of the Chronicum Scotorum is ascribed, 
probably with justice. 

A copy of the work in the collection of the Royal Irish 
Academy, classed 23, O, 8, has an Irish title prefixed, of 
which the following is a translation, viz. : 

" The Chronicum Scotorum, i.e. the Annals of the Scotic 
Race, written at first at Clonmacnois, sometime in the 
twelfth century, by Gilla-Christ O'Maeileoin, Abbot of 
Clonmacnois ; in which is contained an account of a great 
many valuable affairs, particularly the affairs of Ireland, 
from Adam to the Age of Christ, 1150." 

It is a remarkable fact that the proceedings of the synod 
in which he acted a principal part are not described, as 
has been observed, in any other chronicle except this with 
which his name is connected. 

There is no evidence to indicate the source from which 
this copy was made ; but it could not have been transcribed 
from the MS. A., or any fair copy of it, for although the 
scribe might in many cases have failed to decipher the text 
of Mac Firbis's transcript correctly, the discrepancies 
between the latter MS. and his copy are too numerous 
to justify the supposition that the one was taken from 
the other. It is to be remarked that 'there is now no title- 
page to MS. A, although there appears to have once been 
one; and Mac Firbis seems to have always studiously 
observed the practice of prefixing titles to his works, 

i Old Irish Annals. " . . . . 
turn quid vetusti Annales Hibernici, 
quorum apographum habeo, duas ab 
Usnachensia concilii patribus in Media 

diceceses institutas fuisse narrent." 
Cambrensis Eversvs, ed. Rev. Matt. 
Kelly, vol. ii., p. 52. 


whether original compilations or transcripts. Be this as 
it may, there is no reason to suppose that the copyist of 
23, 0, 8, invented the foregoing title. 

The ecclesiastic to whom the composition of the pre- 
sent chronicle has thus been ascribed, and who is stated 
at the year 1120 = 1124, infra, to have contributed to 
the completion of the great belfry, or round tower, of 
Olonmacnois, seems to have enjoyed a very high reputa- 
tion for learning. His death is recorded within under the 
year 1 123 ( = 1127), in the following words, viz. : "Gilla- 
christ Ua Maeileoin, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, fountain 
of knowledge and charity, head of the prosperity and 
affluence of Erinn, quievit." It is also mentioned in 
the Annals of Ulster, and by the Four Masters, under the 
year 1127, in somewhat similar terms. 

In neither of these authorities is there any reference 
to Gillachrist as the author of the present chronicle ; but 
any one acquainted with the subject of mediaeval litera- 
ture need not be told that no conclusive evidence against 
his authorship can be derived from this omission, or 
from the additional circumstance that the copy in MS. . 
A. comes down to the year 1131 (rectb 1135), or 8 years 
after the death of Gillachrist Ua Maeileoin. The Annals 
of Boyle, those of Inisfallen, of Connacht, and of Loch-Ce' 
contain no reference to the names of their original com- 
pilers, while the continuations added by Augustin Mag- 
raidin to the Chronicle of Tighernach, and by Roderick 
O'Cassidy to the Annals of Ulster, have been supple- 
mented with additional entries by some persons whose 
names are not known. 

Many other circumstances tend to connect the Chroni- 
cum Scotorum with the monastery of Clonmacnois. The 
affairs of that establishment, for instance, are more 
frequently noticed in it than those of any other place. 
Even the name of Cluain-muc-Nois is occasionally repre- 
sented by the first syllable ("Cluain") only; and as 
there were several other celebrated ecclesiastical estab- 




lishments in Ireland the names of which began with 
Cluain (i.e. a sheltered lawn or meadow), as Cluain-Dol- 
cain, Cluain-eois, Cluain-eidhnech, Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, 
Cluain-Iraird, Cluain-Uamha, and many more collected 
in the index, each of which would be familiarly called 
" Cluain" by its inmates, it might reasonably be inferred 
that the writer who thus indicated Cluain-muc-Nois was 
in some way connected with the establishment. Many 
entries also, not found in any other authority, are of a nature 
to support this conjecture. Of this kind are the entries at 
the year 922, regarding Flann Fobhair (which, indeed, 
Mac Firbis seems to have been no more able to under- 
stand than the present writer) ; that under the year 
1000, respecting the "deposing of Ua Begulain" from 
some office ; the purchase of the " Eneclar" of the great 
altar, by King Maelsechlainn, noticed under the year 
1005 ; and the curious entry at the year 1091, referring 
to the persecution directed against the monastery. 

The original of the entries occupying pp. 338 to 349 of 
the present work is contained in what seems to be a 
small fragment of some other collection of annals, which 
follows Mac Firbis's autogragh in A., but has not been 
copied into B. The fragment, which consists of two 
leaves only, is in a handwriting of the seventeenth century. 
The orthography is corrupt, and the phraseology occa- 
sionally loose and ungrammatical; but, like the Chronicum 
Scotorum, it contains some notices of events that are not 
found in any other accessible authority, and it is con- 
sequently much to be regretted that the remainder should 
have been lost. As it is impossible actually to decide 
whether the. fragment may have been a portion of some 
original work, or only of some collection intended as a 
continuation of the Chronicum Scotorum, it has been 
considered advisable to print its contents by way of sup- 
plement to the Chronicum. 



The chronology of the following chronicle is in a state 
of much confusion, notwithstanding the apparent regard 
for a regular system, indicated by the array of ferial 
numbers with which the Christian period of the work 
begins. The feriae, however, do not run on in consecutive 
order, owing probably, in large measure, to mistakes 
committed in the course of successive transcriptions of 
the original. Much of the confusion created in this respect 
is traceable to the ease with which the numeral u, as 
written in old MSS., may be confounded with n. Never- 
theless it is almost incredible that Mac Firbis, who had 
an extensive acquaintance with Books of Annals, could 
have committed such errors as the list of criteria exhibits. 

The chronicler seems to have followed the Hebrew 
computation in that portion of the work preceding the 
Christian era, thus differing from the later annalists who 
have generally adopted the chronology of the Seventy 
Interpreters. But any attempt to fix the dates of events 
that may have taken place from 1000 to 2000 years before 
the present era, must be regarded with suspicion. This 
seems to have been the opinion of the transcriber of A., 
who dismisses the brief summary of the ancient historical 
accounts with the expression " I pass to another time, 1 " as 
if intending to convey the impression that he regarded the 
records of that "other time" as more reliable and authentic. 

The first entry in the Christian period is the record of 
the birth of St. Patrick, which is preceded by the 
criteria " ]ct. Bnaifi, tn," " Kal of January 6," im- 
plying that the kalends, or first, of January occurred on 
the 6th day of the week, or Friday. The succession of 
years is then regularly indicated by the repetition of the 
characters ]ct., or ]c. for " kalends," accompanied, with 
some exceptions, as far as the year 641, by the feriae, or 
days of the week on which the first of January fell in 
each year. Subsequently to the date 641, the feriae are no 

i Time. Vid. infra, p. 15. 



longer noted, every year being simply marked by the 
sign "Jet." From the entry of the birth of St. Patrick 
to where the annalist has noted the year of the world 
4481 (rectt 4381), corresponding to A.D. 429, according to 
the Irish antiquaries, 1 there are in all 77 "kals." or 
years. But as one " kal." has been manifestly omitted, 2 
whilst the sign has been as plainly doubled 3 in two 
instances, the actual number of " kals." to be taken into 
account is 76. The birth of St. Patrick should conse- 
quently be referred, according to this computation, to the 
year AD. 353, in which the kalends of January coincided 
with the 6th day of the week, or Friday ; although the 
date 357 has been added opposite to the entry in A., 
apparently by Charles O'Conor of Belanagare. The year 
353 has therefore been added in the margin. 

That the entry of St. Patrick's birth under the year 353 
is a gross error, 4 appears from the record of his death at 
the year 489, where he is stated to have died in the 122nd 
year of his age, although the number of intervening 
" kals.," or years, amounts to 135, exclusive of two which 
have been omitted between the years 429 and 431. In 
the quatrain appended to his obit, the event is said to 
have taken place in the year 493 ; but an enumeration of 
the "kals." from where the annalist has noted the year 432 
of the Incarnation, the era employed by the Irish chro- 
niclers, (equal to 431 of the common era of the nativity), 
gives the year 489, which shows that four " kals." have 
been omitted in the intervening period. This subject is 
still further complicated by the entry under the year 660, 
respecting the mortality which appeared in Ireland in that 
year, where it is stated to have happened 203 years after 

1 Irish Antiquaries. See O'Flaher- 
ty's Ogygia, Proloquium, p. [8.] 

2 Omitted. See note 9 , p. 15, infra. 
Doubled. See notes 10 and u , ib., 

and note 6 , p. 17. 

* Error. Several other errors of 
the same kind will be found pointed 
out in the notes. See notes 3 , p. 16, 
,p. 17,1, p. 18,,p.l9. 




the death of St. Patrick, which event should in this case 
be referred to A.D. 457. But the obit recorded under 457 
is that of " Senex Patricius," who is called "Bishop of the 
Church of Glastonbury," and is referred to in Irish chro- 
nicles as a distinct individual from " Patrick, the Arch- 
bishop," the Apostle of Ireland, although Dr. Lanigan has 
laboured hard to identify the one with the other. 1 

Starting from the year A.D. 433, which coincides with 
the First Indiction, as the annalist has rightly noted, the 
computation of this chronicle, reckoning the number of 
" kals.," representing as many years, is correct down to the 
year 634, with the exception of a " kal." or year, omitted 
between 592 and 594, which has been taken into account. 2 
Many entries are, no doubt, out of their proper order, as 
if some " kals." had been left out in one place and super- 
added in another. In the margin opposite to the entry 
corresponding to the year 538, in A., the original hand 
has added the note, " Initium Indictionis," to signify, 
doubtless, that the Indiction answering to the year was 
1 ; which would be correct. Opposite to the 27th " kal." 
from this date, however, the numerals T>XOCU (525) are 
written, also in Mac Firbis's hand ; but these are mani- 
festly a mistake for -olocu (565), which was undoubtedly 
the date intended to be recorded by the person who origin- 
ally added the note, although, strangely enough, the 
mistake of 40 years here committed has been repeated 3 
at several dates further on. 

Between the years A.D. 634 and A.D. 71 8, four " kals." 
appear to have been omitted ; and the latter year there- 
fore really represents the year 722, as the criteria supplied 
by the annalist sufficiently indicate. One of these " kals." 
seems to have been left out at the year 634, under which 

1 The other. See Lanigan's Eccle- 
siastical History of Ireland. Vol. i., 
pp. 324-330. 

! Account. See note 3 , p. 64, and 
the references there indicated. 
* Repeated. See note 3 , p. 56. 


date the events of the two years 1 are apparently given, as 
in the "Annals of Tighernach." Another 2 " kal." appears to 
have been omitted at the year 639, where the entries for 
two years have been similarly combined under one date. 
The entire events of one year have been omitted after 
the year 645, and a like omission occurs after the year 651. 

The reckoning of this chronicle is therefore correct from 
the year 353 to 634 inclusive. But from 634 to 639, it 
is one year behind the common reckoning ; from 640 to 
645 it is two years in arrear ; from 646 to 651, the error 
is three years, and from 652 to 718, the computation is 
four years in arrear. 

The defect which occurs at the year 718=722, and 
extends to the year 805, is very much to be regretted, 
involving, as it does, the loss of, perhaps, the most histori- 
cally interesting part of the chronicle ; for there is hardly 
any period in the history of his country to which an 
Irishman can look back with more unmixed satisfaction 
than the eighth century, when Ireland was, in the words 
of Dr. Johnson, " the school of the west, the quiet habita- 
tion of sanctity and literature," when Irish missionai'ies 
zealously laboured to make the savage Teuton a partici- 
pator in the blessings of Christianity, before the civiliza- 
tion of their own country had sustained the rude shock 
administered by the Danish invasion. This deficiency is 
the more to be regretted, inasmuch as the Annals of Tigher- 
nach, with which the Chronicum Scotorum may be regarded 
as of equal authority, are defective about the same period. 
But the hiatus in Tighernach is much more extensive, all 
that portion embracing the transactions of 210 years 
viz. : from A.D. 766 to 976 being unfortunately missing. 
This hiatus can be fairly supplied from the present 
chronicle to the extent of 171 years, i.e. from 805 to 976 ; 
but the entries for the 38 years intervening between 766 
and 805 are altogether lost. 

1 Two Years. See note *, p. 84. | 2 Another. See note 5 , p. 86. 


The next entry, imperfect at the beginning, appears to 
belong to the year 805, which date OTlaherty has prefixed 
in A., as there are 51 "kals." down to where the date 
"Anno Domini, 856," has been added in the margin by the 
original hand. Thenceforward the " kals." are correctly 
noted as far as the year 904, between which and the year 
1131=1135, four "kals." would seem to have been omitted. 
Of these four, one has apparently been left out after the 
year 904, one at the year 968 (where the transactions of 
two years have been combined in the one entry), a third 
at the year 1061, and the fourth at the year 1076, where 
the entry embraces the events of two years. 1 

The result of these omissions and irregularities may be 
summarily stated as follows : 

From A.D. 353 to 634, inclusive, the chronology is ap- 
parently correct. 

From A.D. 635 to 639, inclusive, it is one year in arrear. 
640 645, two years 

646 651, three years 

652 718, four years 

805 904, the chronology is correct. 

905 968, it is one year in arrear. 

969 1061, two years 

1062 1076, three years 
1077 1131, four years 
1141 to the end the computation is correct. 

The loose method followed by the older annalists, of 
simply indicating the succession of years by the repeti- 
tion of the sign "]ct." or "]c" for "kalends," to which they 
sometimes added the ferial or day of the week on which 
the 1st of January occurred, together with their habitual 
practice of omitting to paginate their MSS., has led to 
innumerable errors in the chronology of Irish history. 

i Two years. See note ?, p. 292. 



These errors might in some measure be corrected by the 
help of the ferise, if we possessed the original MSS. But 
these criteria have been so corrupted in the course of 
successive transcriptions of the earlier chronicles, by igno- 
rant scribes who did not understand their value, that they 
are comparatively useless in determining the correct 
chronology, unless when combined with other criteria. 
Even in the copies of Tighernach at present available, the 
order of the ferieD is so confused and irregular, that any 
attempt to bring it into harmony with the succession of 
"kals." or years, would prove a fruitless undertaking. 
O'Flaherty has endeavoured to accomplish the task as 
regards the present chronicle, the chronology of which he 
has altered and arranged according to his own corrected 
system. But although his authority on this subject is 
entitled to great respect, the Editor felt that the adoption 
of O'Flaherty's corrections would involve such an altera- 
tion of the order and arrangement of the entries, as would 
seriously affect the integrity of the text, to produce a 
reliable and accurate edition of which he has sedulously 
laboured. Bearing in mind, also, the example of Dr. 
O'Conor, who, in trying to settle the chronology of the 
Annals of Tighernach, Inisfallen, and Boyle, has com- 
mitted errors which render his editions of these chronicles 
quite unreliable, 1 the Editor considered that it was his 
duty to adhere to the computation of his original text. 
This he has faithfully done, with the exception already 
pointed out, where he felt justified in allowing for a palpa- 
ble omission; and the marginal dates represent the actual 
enumeration of the "kals." or years contained in the 

The reader will find much assistance towards fixing the 

1 Unreliable, The chronology of 
O'Conor's edition of the Annals of 
Inisfallen is in some places 13, in some 

17, and in others 22 years in arrear; 
and an anachronism of 2 7 years occurs 
in his ed. of the Annals of Boyle. 


correct chronology in the annotations of O'Flaherty, which 
have been added in the foot notes, sometimes over the 
full name, but more frequently over the initials " O'F." 

The English reader will doubtless be surprised at the 
promiscuous application of the title of " king" to indivi- 
duals who must have been petty princes, or chieftains. 
But this very practice is an evidence of the antiquity of 
the chronicle, as the later annalists, the Four Masters for 
instance, are more particular in applying the term. 

Duald Mac Firbis, writing in 1666 of the chieftains of 
the O'Dubhdas, or O'Dowdas, states that the historical 
books gave them the title of kings, " and though strange 
it appears at this day," he observes, 1 "it was not so 
then [i.e., anciently] among the Gaeidhel, according to 
their own laws at that time, and according to other nations 
also. Behold," he adds, " before the coming of the chil- 
dren of Israel to the Land of Promise, how there were 
thirty kings together in that country, and it not more 
than 200 miles in length, or breadth." 

On this application of the word fii, or king, O'Flaherty 
also remarks 2 : 

" Sua omnibus linguis, et nationibus aliqua peculiaris 
insita est proprietas, cujus absurda foret in aliis imitatio. 
Quare in eorum sententiam ultro eamus, qui falso coiiten- 
dunt Regem Latine supremum tantum, et nulli subjectum 
dominum denotare; ac proinde nobis inepte illud Mar- 
tialis hemistichium exprobrant, 

* Qui Eex est, Regem, Maxime, non habeat.' 

Quid vero hoc nostra interest ? Scoti sumus*, noti 
Galli; Scotice loquimur, non Latine; atque hoc idiomate 
trito adagio dicimus ; ut hemistichio aliud opponam : 

' Degener in tuguri Rex lare quisque sui.' " 

1 Observes. See O'Donovan's ed. of I s Remarks. Ogygia, p. 31. 
ffy-Fiachrach, p. 299. 



And again: 1 " Veteres Regis nomen tribuebant ei, qui 
uno oppidulo prseesset: sic Ithacse Rex Ulysses, cujns 
ditionem adeo exiguam nidumsestimat Cicero saxo affixum. 
Sic Nestor Pyli Rex. Josue 30 regibus in Palestina gulam 
fregit. Strabo testatur singulas Phoenissarum urbes regem 
habuisse ; et Plinius strategiis et prsefecturis omnibus olim 
reges prsefuisse : unde usitato more Divinse Scripturae 
cuj usque oppidi Dominus Rex appellatur. Atque ut pro- 
pius ad vicinos accedam, in Cantii partibus (qui nunc in 
Anglia Comitatus) quatuor reges Csesaris setate regnarunt. 
Denique nullum modo in Europa, prseter ipsam Hiberniam, 
regnum, quod non pluribus regibus sibi invicem minime 
subjectis antiquitus paruerit : quos tamen nostrse memo- 
rise Scriptores, cum in eorum mentionem incidunt, Reges 
dicere non hsesitant." 

There are numerous references in the present chronicle 
to the affairs of Scotland and Wales, and also to the 
Cruithne, or Picts. But the annalist frequently leaves it 
uncertain whether he refers to the Picts of Scotland or of 
Ireland. The allusions to the affairs of England are com- 
paratively few, and the events sometimes misplaced by 
many years. The birth of Bede, for instance, is entered 
under the year 644, and the composition of his book " De 
Natura Rerum," is referred to the year 686 ; the former 
event being 28 years antedated, and the latter probably 
quite as much too early. The phraseology of the latter 
entry, which reads, " In hoc anno Beda fecit librum De 
Natura Rerum et Temporibus, et in pagin et in figell," 
seems very corrupt. At least the Editor confesses himself 
unable to understand the concluding words, " in pagin et 
in figell." 

It would seem that the compiler consulted some ancient 
work on English history besides Bede, and the Anglo- 
Saxon chronicle, as some important events recorded 

' i Again. Ogygia, p. 32. 


infra the death, for instance, of Osiricc, son of Albirt, 
"royal heir of the Saxons," entered under the year A.D., 
629 are not found in either of these authorities. 

Many entries of curious interest to the Irish historian, 
which are not contained in any collection of Irish Annals 
at present available, will be found in the present volume. 
The reference (at A.D. 964=965) to the erection of the 
Cloigtech, or Round Tower, of Tomgraney, in the county of 
Clare, (of which not a vestige now remains), is the earliest 
allusion extant to the erection of such a structure. The 
curious entry at the year 1095=1099, regarding the perse- 
cution exercised against Clonmacnois, implies that there 
was at that date a nunnery in connection with the estab- 
lishment. The notice which appears under the year 
1005=1007, recording the purchase of the " Eneclar " of 
the great altar of Clonmacnois, by King Maelsechlainn, or 
Malachy II., who exacted " a hide from each fort in Meath 
on account thereof," is of value, as proving that at this 
comparatively late period taxes were paid in such a com- 
modity. The account of the synod of Uisnech, which is 
given under the year 1107=1111, is of especial value to 
the Irish ecclesiastical historian, as bearing on the much 
disputed question of the establishment of diocesan juris- 
diction in Ireland. But probably one of the most his- 
torically interesting notices in the chronicle is the brief 
one at the year 888, referring to the adoption " by the 
virgins of Ireland," of the practice, or "change," of "cutting 
the hair." The phraseology of the original being rather 
ambiguous, the Editor felt uncertain at first as to whether 
the adoption, or discontinuance, of the practice of cutting 
off the hair of females entering into the religious state 
was intended to be recorded. On further consideration 
of the subject, however, he has been led to the conclusion 
that the adoption of the practice was certainly meant. 

The question is rather a curious one, both in a histori- 
cal and antiquarian point of view. 



It appears to have been the custom in the monasteries 
of Egypt and Syria, in the early ages of the Church, to 
cut off the hair of virgins and widows dedicated to God 
in religion, as appears from the passage of St. Jerome 
" Moris est in ^Egypti et Syriae monasteriis, ut tarn virgo 
quam vidua, quse se Deo voverint, et sseculo renunciantes, 
omnes delicias sculi conculcaverint, crinem monasteriorum 
matribus offerant desecandum, non intecto postea contra 
Apostoli voluntatem incessurse capite, sed ligato pariter et 
velato." 1 But St. Jerome adds that the custom was 
observed with a view to personal cleanliness. 

This practice of cutting off the hair of virgins does not 
seem to have prevailed in other, or at least in many other, 
parts of the Christian Church, in the early ages. From 
the 6th century to the 9th it was imposed as a punish- 
ment for scandalous transgressions in the Western Church. 
It is not easy to determine the time when the ceremony 
of cutting off the hair of nuns, in token of voluntary sub- 
jection to a life of penance and mortification, was intro- 
duced generally into the West. But the entiy at the 
year 888, which undoubtedly refers to the subject, shows 
that it was practised in Ireland at a very early date. 2 

The Irish text of the present volume is an accurate 
reproduction of the contents of MS. A., the extension of 
the abbreviations, and the correction of a few manifest 
errors on the part of the transcriber, being the only sub- 
stantial liberties the Editor felt himself justified in taking 
with the text of the MS., which it appeared desirable to 
produce with literal exactness, as being the oldest, and 
far the most valuable copy of the old chronicle now 
known to exist. Some of the abbreviations are so ingeni- 
ously contrived, and difficult to be interpreted, that the 

i Velato. Vid. Ep. ad Sabinianum ; 
Ep. 147, in the Abbe Migne's ed. of 
the works of St. Jerome, Vol. I. It is 
No. xciii. in Martianay'sed., and No. 
48 with others. 

z Date. See a brief summary of 
the question in Menard's Notes et 
Observationes in Librum Sacramen- 
torum S, Gregorii Magni Papce I. ; 
Parisiis, M.DC.XLL, pp. 212, 213. 


transcriber of the MS. B., a most accomplished Irish 
scholar, has frequently misunderstood them, as may be 
seen by the various readings at foot of the following 
pages. Whenever a word or two appeared to have been 
omitted by the scribe, through inadvertence, the liberty 
has been taken of supplying the words thus left out. The 
words so supplied have been introduced within brackets 
in the Irish text, and the corresponding words in the 
translation will also be found so distinguished. 

The idiomatic brevity of many sentences in the Irish 
text rendered it necessary, in order to convey the actual 
meaning, to introduce words into the translation which 
are not represented by corresponding words in the origi- 
nal In order, however, to make the translation as useful 
as possible to the Irish student, all words so added have 
been printed in italics. The transposition of a few ex- 
pressions in the original has also been remedied in the 
present text. 

The translation is also strictly literal, and consequently 
may appear rather rugged. But the Editor considered 
that the objects of the historian and the philologist would 
be more effectually served by a literal translation than by 
a free interpretation. The Latin phrases in the original, 
which are very numerous, and frequently mixed up with 
the Irish in a most curious fashion, have been rendered 
into English, where " the perverse ingenuity of successive 
scribes in disfiguring Latin words" had not made it im- 
possible to do so. Many Latin words have, neverthe- 
less, been left untranslated, as exhibiting characteristic 
meanings. The words " iugulatio," and " iugulatus est," 
for instance, are apparently used by the annalist to signify 
death by violence of whatever nature, not simply by 
" cutting the throat," as it has been understood by the 
Editor of the Annales Cambria, 1 while the expressions 

1 Annales Cambricr. See the ed. by the Rev. John Williams ab Ithel; Preface, 
p. xviii. 



" occisus est," and " interfectus est," are seemingly meant 
to convey that death was inflicted in battle. The death 
of an ecclesiastic is almost invariably signified by "quies," 
" quievit," " dormitatio," or " dormivit ;" but the obit of a 
layman is nearly always represented by the expression 
" moritur," or " mortuus est." The words " in clericatu," 
seem to be used in the sense of " in pilgrimage." At least 
some individuals who are stated in the following chronicle 
to have died " in clericatu," are represented in the corres- 
ponding entries in other Irish Annals, as having died a 
n-ailitre, i.e. " in pilgrimage." 1 

The Irish ecclesiastical titles aificinnech (airchinnech) 
and comcqibcc (comarba) have not been translated, for, al- 
though they are generally understood as respectively signi- 
fying " superintendent" and " successor, or heir," they are 
occasionally used in a sense somewhat different. The word 
"airchinnech," for instance, which Dr. Reeves understands 
to mean the " hereditary warden of a church," 2 is explained 
by Dr. O'Donovan as a " lay superintendent of church lands." 3 
In more recent times the office of " airchinnech" would 
seem to have been exercised by a layman, but anciently 
it was probably filled by an ecclesiastic. At the year 977 
infra one Flann, lector of Clonmacnois, is stated to have 
been Bishop and "airchinnech" of Cluain-Deochra; and a 
similar combination of offices is occasionally noticed in the 
other Annals. 

The word comarba, which appears for the first time in 
the present chronicle at the year 895, and respecting the 
meaning of which Ussher 4 seems to have been entirely 
mistaken, is correctly defined by the Rev. Dr. Todd, 5 as 

1 In pilgrimage. See note 7 , p. 223, 

2 Church. See Reeves's ed. of Col- 
ton's Visitation (Ir. Arch. Soc. pub.), 
p. 4; and also Reeves's Columba, p. 
364, note m . 

8 Lands. O'Donovan's Sttpplt. to 
O'Reilly's Irish Dictionary, in voce. 

* Ussher. See his tract, Original of 
Corbes, &c., Works, Elrington's ed., 
xi., p. 430. 

Todd. St. Patrick, &c., p. 155. 


properly signifying " co-heir, or inheritor ; co-heir or in- 
heritor of the same lands or territory which belonged to 
the original founder of a church or monastery; co-heir 
also of his ecclesiastical or spiritual dignity, as well as of 
his temporal rights." It is generally used in the sense of 
"heir" or "successor" to a person, in the present chronicle, 
but sometimes also in that of "inheritor of a place." 
Thus at the year 928, Cele, son of Scannal, is called 
" comarb of Bennchar," or Bangor, in Down ; under the 
year 956 Flann, son of Aedhagan, is described as the 
"comarb of Glenn-da-locha;" and in the entry at the year 
964, Cormac Ua Cillin is called " comarb of Tomgraney." 
The liberty has therefore been taken of preserving the 
word, in the anglicised form of "comarb," in the transla- 

Proper names of persons and places have been printed 
in the translation as they appear in the original text. To 
readers of Irish history unacquainted with the Celtic lan- 
guages they will therefore appear uncouth, seemingly un- 
pronounceable, and embarrassing. But, as Dr. Todd has 
correctly observed, 1 " to change the spelling of such names, 
with a view to represent to English eyes their pronunci- 
ation, seemed a course which, besides being unscholarlike, 
would be very unlikely to eifect its object. The name in 
its new form," he adds, " would be more barbarous in ap- 
pearance, and perhaps quite as difficult of pronunciation 
as it was in its original and correct orthography. Any 
change in that orthography, made with this view, would 
destroy the etymology, and render it impossible for the 
philological student to trace, with any certainty, the real 
origin and meaning of the name. The reader of the his- 
tory of Ireland, who is ignorant of the Irish language, 
must therefore make up his mind to encounter this diffi- 
culty, as the reader of the history of France, or Spain, 

1 Observed. St. Patrick, Preface, p. vii. 


Arabia, Kussia, or Poland, has to encounter the corres- 
ponding difficulty if he should happen to be ignorant of 
the languages of those countries." To assist him in over- 
coming this difficulty the English reader will find great 
assistance in the following concise rules, published by the 
same learned writer in the Preface to his Life of St. 


A is always sounded as a in wall, or a in hat ; never as a in fate. 
E is always as e in grey, or e in set ; never as ee in meet. 
I is always as ee in meet, or as * in pin ; never as t in fight. 
O is as o in more ; or, when short, as o in pot, or u in tub. 
U is like u in rule, or oo in fool ; and, when short, like u infull. 


A I is pronounced as oi in soil ; and, when short, like ai in the 

French travailler. 
AE like ay in mayor; by natives of Connaught, like uee in 


AU like u long, or oo. 

EA like ea in bear, swear ; or, if short, like ea in heart. 
EE, in old spelling, is the same as EA, and pronounced ea in 

bear, or ai in nail. 

El, when long, like ei in reign ; when short, like e in serve. 
EO long, like o in pole, or oa in coal; if short, like u in cut. 
EU is the same as EA, and often written for it. 
IA always long, like ee in beer. 

IO, when long, is the same as IA ; when short, like io in action. 
IU, long, both vowels sounded, like ew in few; short, like oo in 

01. Whether long or short, the two vowels are separately 

sounded ; the o predominating when long, and accented thus, 

oi ; ' when short, and the i accented as ol, the i or the ee sound 

predominates, and the combination is sounded like uee in 



OO, in old spelling, is pronounced like o in pole. 

UA is always long, like wa in war. 

UI is pronounced always so as to make each vowel distinctly 
heard; if accented ui, the u predominates, as oo-ee; if accented 
t*i, the sound resembles wee in weep ; if short, or unaccented, 
the sound is the same, but shortened as much as possible. 


B, as in English. BH as v or w. 

C, always hard, as K ; never as c in ceiling. CH as the Greek 
X, or German ch in reich; never as ch in ctie&r. 

D, as in English. DH nearly as y. 

F, as in English. FH quiescent, or without sound. 

G, as g in gale ; never as g in ginger. GH final had best be 
pronounced like h, or gh in high. Its correct pronunciation 
can only be attained by a native. 

L, as in English. 

M, as in English. MH like v; in the middle of words, like w. 

N, as in English. The combination NG can only be pronounced 

by a native. 

P, as in English. PH like F, or ph in Philip. 
II, as in English. 
S, before or after a, o, and u, like s in sun, or hiss ; before or 

after e and i, as sh in shine, blush. SH as h in hill. 
T, before the broad vowels a, o, u, is to be pronounced like a 

slender th, as in tJwught ; before the small vowels e, i, like t 

in tune. TH is pronounced like the English h ; at the end 

of words or syllables, almost quiescent. 

In conclusion, the Editor desires to express his grateful 
sense of the kindness evinced towards him by the Right 
Honorable Lord R-omilly, who took the trouble of ex- 
amining with critical care, the evidence submitted to 
his Lordship touching the genuineness of the present 
chronicle, and who, in his Lordship's communications on 
the subject, manifested the liveliest interest in the publi- 
cation of the native Irish records. To Thomas Duffus 


Hardy, esq., Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in 
England, the Editor also feels indebted for many obliging 
services, and much useful advice and encouragement. 

His thanks are likewise due to the Provost and Senior 
Fellows of Trinity College, Dublin, and to the Council of 
the Royal Irish Academy, for allowing him free access to 
their collections of Irish MSS. 

The Rev. Dr. Reeves, ever ready to extend a generous 
hand to every fellow-labourer, and whose rich store of 
information is always at the service of every inquirer, 
placed the Editor under a lasting obligation, by reading 
the proof sheets, and correcting many errors which, if 
allowed to pass into print, would seriously affect the accu- 
racy of the present publication. 

The Editor's acknowledgments are due, in an especial 
manner, to his kind friend, the Rev. Dr. Todd, Senior 
Fellow of Trin. Coll., Dublin, from whose learned works 
on the history, language, and antiquities of Ireland, he 
has derived much advantage ; who afforded him the benefit 
of an enlightened judgment on many points of difficulty 
encountered in the progress of the work ; and to whose 
friendly aid and counsel the Editor owns himself largely 
indebted for whatever qualifications he may be considered 
to possess for the task of editing the present volume. 

DUBLIN, August, 1866. 








, a lecchcoifi, pa aftban. difiiTe, ocuf 50 
T>O fecna eimealcaif, gujiab eft ap ait tmn 
ca^a ocup accumain. TJO T)entim ap. aipipin na 
amdm fan coipfe, 05 -pa^Bdil lifracT>a na teapafi 
aifiifm amui|. Com-o ai|ie fin layi^ammaiT) oifibfi ^an 
ap mncfieacha'D cfino, uain. ope'oammap ^U|iab aDbat 
an reafnarn he. 

Pfiima THun-oi aecap concinec annop iuaxa Objiaof 
m.-Dclui. luacca uefio .Ixac. 1nr;e|ip|ieT:ef .11. mittia, 
ccxln, quae coca peyinc m T)iluuio ficuc mpannam 
mep-geiie fotec obbuio. ac. genefiacionef. 

CCg fo man. ODGJI an 5aoi"Deal ntnmifi na haopa fo. 

1c fe btia-ona .1. fe cei) qiuc 7>o p,iThim, 
TTlile mon, an aifunim 6 CC-Dham 50 oitinn. 

Jet. ti. p. 1. x. m.tocax. anno munT)i. 

1n hoc anno uenic pilia abcuiuf T>e 5n. eci f a-o tlibe|i- 
mam cui nomen e\uxc heyiiu, no beyiba, no cefap, ec .1. 
ptiae, ec 111 tn|ii cum ea. LaTfia 5ubep.nar:o|i eopum 
pun: qui pnimup m tlibefima cumutacuf efc: hoc non 

1 To swallow, 
(mergere), A. 

* Ten generations: ie. reckoning 
from Adam to Noah, inclusive. 

8 Age. In the margin opposite to 
this couplet occurs the character "fu," 

the abbreviation for "rann," i.e. a 

4 Kal. v., f. I. x. : i.e. the Kalends, 
or first, of January fell on the 5th 
feria, or day of the week (Thursday), 
which was the tenth day of the Moon's 




UNDERSTAND, Reader, that for a certain reason, and 
plainly to avoid tediousness, what we desire is to make a 
short Abstract and Compendium of the History of the 
Scoti only in this copy, leaving out the lengthened details 
of the Books of History ; wherefore it is that we entreat 
of you not to reproach us therefor, as we know that it is 
an exceedingly great deficiency. 

The First Age of the world contains 1656 years 
according to the Hebrews, but 2242 according to the 
Seventy Interpreters ; all which perished in the Deluge, in 
the same manner that oblivion is wont to swallow 1 up 
infancy. Ten generations. 2 

Thus do the Gaedhel express the number of this age 3 : 

Six years, fifty, and six hundred, as I reckon, 

A great thousand I count from Adam to the Flood. 

Kal. v. f. 1. 10. 4 Anno Mundi 1599. 8 

In this year the daughter of one of the Greeks came A.M. 1599. 
to Hibernia, whose name was hEriu, or Berba, or Cesar, 
and fifty maidens, and three men, with her. Ladhra was 
their conductor, who was the first that was buried in 
Hibernia. This the antiquaries of the Scoti do not 6 relate. 

5 Anno Mundi 1599. f.txcix* 
(m.lxcix.), A. ; apparently a mistake 
for f.-oxcix. (m.dxcix.) The Irish 
chroniclers differ as to the date of the 
alleged arrival in Ireland of Cesar 
(pron. Kesar); some referring it to 

forty years, and others forty days, 
before the Flood; but hi either case 
the figures 1599 are incorrect. 

6 Not. n., A., for non; or possibly 
for nunc. 


cnoMicum scorxmum. 

8ecum>a aerap 171 1111-01 mcipic quae connnec annop 
.ccxcn. iuxca .u. Obpaop, ue poeca ais : 

-Dilinn 50 hCCbpam hi ^enaip, lap f6tuib 
*Oa btiaDain baitc coacc, noacc ap, tub c6-ooib, 

luxra uepo 1 neeppperep, .-occcc.xl. 

]ct. CCnno mtm'oi rn.T>ccclix. T)ec mbliaTin 
co 7>1 psaoi left an rui|i. ix. rnbliaftna ia|ifin 50 
lloc anno "Pemup compoffuic beyila na tisaoiT)el a 

.1. x. anno pofc T>efr;p.ucT;ioneni 

'Cefiaa aecaf mcipic quae connnei; annop -occcc-xlu. 
ec mcipiT: a nariuiT;ar:e CCbpam, uc Dixie poeua, 

On ^en fin ^en ^abcro 50 "OauiT) m 
Cet:b|iaca vo btiaT>naib naoi .c. 50 

CCnno tx. aerarif CCb|xahami pafijiralon m 
ueme. CCf e an pa|ip.T:alon fx> cet) p,o ^ab lap, 
, a cecfomain, acini, pop, maipx, ocrrap. a tin, .1. 
peap, ocup cecpap ban. Ro -popbpippit: mpum 
50 papcrceap .1. ap cerpe mile peap ocup mite ban. 

Cerpe mai^e an epmn po pei-oiftcea la pappralon 
.1. mag ruipe-o, no neT>apa, la ConnachraiB, ec ma^ 
8epe la ConnachraiB, ocup mag nlta la taignaiB, ocup 
ma Larpamn la *0al CCpdifte, ocup tecmag la h. mic 
Uaip, enp bip ocup Camup. 

mbba-ona iap ngabail 6penn -DO pappralon 

i Tower: i.e. The Tower of Babel. 

* Agnoman. The Gaeidhel, or 
Gaedhel, to whom Fenius is alleged 
to have committed the Gaedhlic lan- 
guage, is called Gaedhel, son of Etheor, 
in some authorities, and Gaedhel Glas, 
son of Agnon, or Angen (who was 
Fenius's nephew), in others. See a 

tract on the Gaedhlic language in the 
Book ofLecan, fol. 152, a ; and Todd'a 
Mennius, p. 234. 

8 After the destruction. POTC -oip- 
Cfiuccion-, A. 

The Uth of May. a c. xini., A. 
The letter c. appears to stand for 


The Second Age of the world begins, which contains 
292 years, that is according to the Hebrews, as the poet 
says : 

From the Flood to Abraham, who was happily born, 
Two full, prosperous years, ninety and two hundred ; 

but according to the [Ixx.] Interpreters, 940 years. 

Kal. Anno Mundi 1859. Ten years after that to the A.M. 1859. 
demolition of the Tower. 1 Nine years after that to 
Fenius. In this year Fenius composed the language of 
the Gaeidhel from seventy-two languages, and subse- 
quently committed it to Gaeidhel, son of Agnoman, 2 viz., 
in the tenth year after the destruction 3 of Nimrod's 

The Third Age commences, which contains 942 years, 
and it begins with the birth of Abraham, as the poet 
said : 

From that birth, without peril, to David, the faithful prince, 
Forty-two years and nine hundred, certainly. 

In the sixtieth year of the age of Abraham, Parrthalon 
arrived in Hibernia. This Parrthalon was the first who 
occupied Erinn after the Flood. On a Tuesday, the 14th 
of May, 4 he arrived, his companions being eight in 
number, viz. : four men and four women. They multi- 
plied afterwards until they were in number 4,050 men 
and 1,000 women. 

There were four 5 plains cleared in Erinn by Parrthalon, 
viz. : Magh Tuiredh, or nEdara, in Connacht ; and Magh 
Sere in Connacht ; and Magh Ita in Laighen ; and Magh 
Latrainn in Dal Araidhe ; and Lecmagh in Ui Mac Uais, 
between Bir and Camus. 

Seven years after the occupation of Erinn by Parrthalon, 

ceicam, or cetfomcon May. See 
Cormac's Glossary, voce cecfoinccm. 

* Four. Ceifie, A. 
enumerates five. 

The text 



con-oeapbdilt; an ce-o pep -oa mumap .1. pea a amm. ap 
ann po ha-onacc a mui pea, conit> uai-o po hainmnicceT). 

Seen toe ma-omanna po ip a pplairhitip pappcalom 
.1. loc rnefcu, ocup loc "Decer;, loc Laiglme, Loc 
Tlu'opai'ohe, Loc Occpa, ocup mupcola bpena. "Cpi 
blia-ona lap cetma car po bpip pappnalon pop pomop- 
chaib .1. i>emna lap ppip a n-oealo'aiD' T>aomaiB, a 
fleamnaiB Tnaige 1ca .1. -pifi co ndon tamaiB ocuf 
50 ndon cofaiB. 

CCn bba-oam T>O canaiprafi. a-oban Slanga an cecfiam- 
ha-5 aifiec Gp.eann, 50 fio a-onachr; la pan.|iT:al6n a -pleb 
Stanza, coni'o uaii> ainmni^ep, an ftiat5. CCn blia-oain 
idn. neg Slan^a comai-om Loca taigtmne er; mojif euif, 
unT>e pt^iuf nommamifi. CCf eifiT>e an ceryiama'5 aip,e 
6|ieann. 65 clai-oe a pefica |io meabai-o an loc ; er; 
comaiT)m loca Ocr;n.a esifi fbab 1TloT)an.n ocuf fbaB 
"puaiT>. pice bliaT>na layium comaiT)ni toca Ru-DfiaiTie 
la htlllraiB, ifin bliaT>ain ceT)na mufirola mbyiena cap. 
rip, conn) e an p ecvmcm loch. CCp ni raipmc pappcalon 
an Opmn ap a cenn ace cpi loca ee .x. naibne .1. toe 
Luimni5, ocuf loc pop-opemum 05 pbaB nnp la mum am, 
ocup pmnloc Ippaip .h. Ppiacpac. 1ce, imoppo, na .x. 
naibne .1. Ouap, en>ip *0dl napai^e en T)dl piaT>a, ocup 
Huipcec aB Lippe, ec bepba laigen, ec laoi la mumam, 
ocup Samaoip emp .h. Ppiacpac, TTloT)apn e*oip dnel 

1 Seven. Six only are mentioned 
in the following list. See next note. 

Loch Con. Omitted in A. The 
eruption of Loch Con is stated in the 
ancient Irish Records generally to 
have occurred during Parrthalon's 
reign. See Keating's Ireland, Hali- 
day's ed., p. 169. 

3 Skmains: i.e. smooth places, or 

4 The Fourth : i.e. one of the four 
chieftains, sons of Parrthalon. 

6 Named: i.e. from whom it re- 
ceived its first name, being afterwards 
called SttaS "Oorhansaiyvo, now 
Sliabh Donard. 

6 His : i.e. Laighline's. The clause 
which follows, though clearly paren- 
thetical, is not marked so in the MS. 

7 Prius. Pup, A., the 1 being 
omitted over the first letter, the word 
being frequently written in the abbre- 

viated form pup. 

6 Brena. muficola bjvena, A. : 
i.e. the sea flood of Brena, now Strang- 
ford Lough, the " Fretum Brene " 
mentioned in St. Patrick's life in the 
Book of Armagh. See St. Patrick, 
Apostle of Ireland, by Rev. J. H. 
Todd, D.D., p. 406, n. 4. 

9 Fordremuin. In the margin of A. 


the first man of his people died, viz. : Fea was his name. 
In Magh Fea he was buried ; from him, therefore, it has 
been named. 

There were seven 1 lake eruptions through the land in 
the reign of Parrthalon, viz. : Loch Mesca, and Loch 
Decet, Loch Laighline, Loch Rudhraidhe, Loch Echtra, 
and the sea inundation of Brena, [and Loch Con 2 ]. 
Three years afterwards occurred the first battle which 
Parrthalon gained, in the Slemains 3 of Magh Itha, over 
the Fomorians, viz. : they were Demons, truly, in the 
guise of men, i.e. men with one hand and one leg each. 

In the succeeding year died Slanga, the fourth 4 chieftain 
of Erinn, who was interred by Parrthalon in Sliabh 
Slanga; hence from him the mountain has been named. 5 
The year after Slanga's death, occurred the eruption of 
Loch Laighline, and his 6 death ; unde prius 7 nominatur ; (he 
was the fourth 4 chieftain of Erinn ; in digging his grave 
the lake burst forth) ; and the eruption of Loch Echtra, 
between Sliabh Modharn and Sliabh Fuaid. Twenty 
years afterwards occurred the eruption of Loch Rudraidhe, 
in Uladh. In the same year the sea inundation of Brena 8 
broke over the land, so that it is the seventh lake; for 
Parrthalon found in Erinn before him but three lakes and 
ten rivers, viz. : Loch Luimnigh, Loch Fordremuin 9 at 
Sliabh Mis, in Mumhan, and Finn Loch of Irrus Ui 
Fiachrach. The ten 10 rivers, moreover, were, the Buas, 
between Dal Araidhe 11 and Dal Riada, and the Ruirtech 
or River Liffe; and the Berbha of Laighen; and the Laoi 
in Mumhan ; and the Samaoir, between Ui Fiachrach and 

occurs a memorandum in the hand- 
writing of Roderick O'Flaherty, par- 
tially destroyed, enumerating the 
names of the ancient lakes : 
"Fordremanus [Finnloch, Loch Lur- 

gan stagna vetusta], 
Quos, quam culta prius, fudit lerna 

See Ogygia, p. 164. 

10 The names of the ten rivers are 
written in the margin in O'Flaherty's 
handwriting, thus : 

" Banna, Sligo, Bosius, Finn, Liffeus, 

Erna, Mogornns, 
Berva, Lius, Muadus, flumina prisca 

See O'Flaherty's Ogyrjia, p. 164. 

11 Dal nAraidhe. 2t nafle, A. 



Conailt ocuf Cinel neogam, ocuf pnn et; banna an 
tlllcaitj, TYluai-o ocup Sbccec la Connachcoib. 

Cetpca bbafina ian. raoman>Tn bfiena bap paptpxalom. 
CC -pen TTlais Galca p.o ha-onocr;. CCf aifie, umopifio, 
appefian. Sen ma -oepiom, an. nin.;enan. piot> ann fiiam. 
T)a btiar>ain an. ccccc. no cccc. us eochaiT>h c. fio baoi 
muinreja pan.n.t;atoin an 6|iinn. Ce-ona 
txxms an 6|iinn ian. rnjilmn .1. rani mtnncif 
16m, -oof pofibaifu; T)ia luam 1 ]ct. mai, ocuf 
guf an 7>omnac T>O ranaft:afi. CCf T>on ouimba'o fin 
muint;i|ie paf.n.t:al6in aT) camlec'oa -pep nGfieann. 

ococx . btia'ona ian. baf pap.f,T;al6in -06111 nn 05 -pdf, 50 
MimeT) mac CC7>nomain .uu. an 1nbe|i 
6fvinn laffm amail inT)ifi;efv a 

]ct. CCnno rntm-oi n.m. ccclu. 
"pifbol^ Gjimn. 8ei) non hoc pyioban'oum 

]cb CCnno mtmT)iii.m.cccxc -ximv 1f 

lio^abfac Dtiaca T>e "Danann -pop. "Pep.aib bol^ .1. T)eal- 
baoc ocuf bpepp, an "Da^oa, Mua-oa, ogaff Ognia, eu 


]ct. CCnno mun-oi 11. m. ccccc.xtnu. "Nett mac 
m CCeppcum uemr, peynruf mutt;an,um 

CCt>c6f umm Tuib, a lepncc, nac fo lim faorafi an 
Cflec7>a fo 7)0 ^p.aippne'D, cona-o aifii -pn aibni 

1 Eochaidh: i.e. Eochaidh O'Floinn, 
a celebrated Irish poet and historian, 
who died about the year 984. 

2 Sang. c. for "Cecinit." A. There 
is a copy of a poem attributed to 
Eochaidh O'Floinn, in the Ledbhar 
Gabhala of O'Clery (R. Ir. Acad.), p. 
18, which gives 300 years as the dura- 
tion of theParrthalonian occupation of 
Ireland ; but a copy of the same poem 
in the Book ofLecan, fol. 274, has 500. 

* Happened. "Cdr.ig, A. ; lit. 

4 Succeeding. -DO Snctfc, for -DO 
cdnctfcafi, A. ; lit. " that suc- 

5 Tamhleachda: i.e. Plague graves. 

6 Death, b., A. ; abbrev. for bdr. 

7 Adhnoman. The meaning of the 
characters "uu," which follow the 
name of Adhnoman, is not clear, unless 
they represent the words "-DO 0015," 
for "oacoi'D," "who went" 

8 In the Invasions: i.e. in the "Books 
of Invasions." 


Cinel Conaill ; the Modharn, between Cinel Conaill and 
Cinel Eoghain; and the Finn and Banna in Uladh; the 
Muaidh and Sligech in Connacht. 

Four years after the eruption of Brena, the death of 
Parrthalon took place. In Sen Magh Ealta he was buried. 
The reason, moreover, why that is called Sen Magh is 
because no tree ever grew there. Five hundred and two, 
or 402 years, as Eochaidh 1 sang, 2 Parrthalon's people were 
in Erinn. The first plague that happened 3 in Erinn after 
the Flood was the pestilence of Parrthalon's people. It 
commenced on Monday, the 1st of May, and prevailed 
until the succeeding 4 Sunday. From that plague of 
Parrthalon's people the Tamhleachda 5 of the men of 
Erinn are called. 

Erinn was waste for thirty years after the death 6 of 
Parrthalon, until Nimhedh, son of Adhnoman 7 .uu. came 
to Inbher Sgene. He occupied Erinn afterwards, as it is 
related in the Invasions 8 of Erinn. 

Kal. Anno Mundi 2355. At this time the Fir Bolg A.M.2355. 
occupied Erinn. But this has not been proved. 9 

Kal. Anno Mundi 2390. 10 In this time the Tuatha De A.M. 2390. 
Danann, viz., Dealbaeth, and Bress, the Daghda, Nuadha, 
and 11 Ogmha, and the rest, 12 overcame the Fir Bolg. 

Kal. Anno Mundi 2544. 13 Nel, son of Fenius, learned A.M. 2544. 
in many languages, went to Egypt. 

You have heard from me, 0, Readers, that I like not 
to have the labour of writing this section imposed on me, 
wherefore it is that I beseech of you, for the sake of true 

9 But this has not been proved. j\ 
fi. If. pfiobccn-oum (for "sed non hoc 
pTVobcrcum") efc, A. See O' Fla- 
herty's Ogygia, p. 73, where the date 
of the arrival of the Fir Bolg in 
Ireland is fixed at A.M. 2657 ; and 
Todd's Nennius, p. 44, n. '. 

10 2390. The MS. A. reads n.m. 
cccxc.xliin, the last six characters 

(xlim) being surrounded, as shown 
in the text, by a circle of dots, in 
token of deletion. 

11 And. ogec-ppi A. ; for ogup or 

12 And the rest. -filiqui, for ec 
jxetiqui (et reliqui), A. 

13 2544. ii.m.cccxcxlnn. A., ma- 
nifestly a mistake for ii.m.cccccxtnn. 



oipbpi cpe pp coi^le ^an mmspim qii-o (ma 

lip cpeT>po7)epa mn amlait>) op ap -oemm nac icro clainn 

Ppbipi ap cmcac. 

jet. iGocomla 'ono THitiT) mac bite a heapbain -non 
Scichm ocup ap an Scirhia an ei^ipt; lap, n 511 in Reploip 
mic Nemain (amail gapcup a ngabalaib Gpeann); es 
na cuig pipob 50 $ap iap Nell an Ctegip^, act; il blia-bna 
na T>iai5 cena, fiaimg TYlili-o af m SciEhia lap, ngum 
Ueploin. oc cofnarii -plairif na ciria. Ce-o mbafic a 
mop. cablac amait cncfiiuperf an caipc af ap> raippn^e'D 
an coipfi. C6i^ lanamna .x. ^acha baip.ce ocup amup 
$an mnaoi inre. (DCnpac rpi mipa a nmnpi "Cappobana ; 
cpi mip aile -ono -pop paip^e mapa p. 50 pancur^ap 
50 popann, 50 pi^ aeppce. Ro po^taimpit; paoippi 
an-oupin. CCnpai: ochr mbtiaT>na ta "Popann an CCe^ipc 
appo pilar; a ml T>ana ocup a ml gmoma, Lm7> Scora 
popamn 50 TTIili-D mac bile, lappin T>O 
cona fluaig pop mtnp moip, ocup 8cor;a 
popamn leip, rap mmp "Cappobanae, ocup anpac mif 
inr;e. Impa-o iappm nmcioll na Scicia -DO mbep mapa 
Caipp. CCnpar coft: ceopa noma-oa -pop muip Caipp 
ppia 'oop'D na mup^oucann con-oacepaipcc Caicep 7>paoi. 
f eac pmD Sle^ie Ri-pe arruaiT) gup 

1 Fault. The meaning of this is, 
that the uncertainty of the events 
narrated is not to be attributed to 
negligence, or ignorance of their pro- 
fession as hereditary antiquaries, on 
the part of the Clann Firbisigh. 

2 The death of Nel. In all the 
tracts relating to this subject, Nel is 
said to have died in Egypt. The 
words in italics have, therefore, been 
supplied, to make the sense of the 

Taprobane: i.e. Ceylon. 
4 Red Sea. paifige mafia fi., A., 
i.e. Paifige mafia fioriifia, lit. "the 
Sea of the Red Sea" ; muif ~ 

gen. mafia fiomfia, being a corrup- 
tion of " mare rubrum." See Todd's 
Nennius, p. 231, n. . 

6 Pharaoh. 1?ofiann, A. 

6 Married. LUIT> 50, A., lit. 
" went unto." 

7 "Iiibher:" i.e. estuary or mouth. 
During the Middle Ages the Caspian 
Sea appears to have been considered 
an arm of the Northern Ocean, al- 
though it had been pronounced to be 
a lake by Herodotus and Ptolemy. 
Strabo, following Eratosthenes, calls 
it a gulph (lib. xi., cap. vi., sect. 1 ; C. 
507); and the cosmographer Aethicus, 
who is supposed to have lived in the 



friendship, not to reproach me for it (if the reason thereof 
is understood by you), for it is certain that it is not the 
Clann Firbisigh who are in fault. 1 

Kal. Milidh, son of Bile, proceeded then from Spain to 
Scythia, and from Scythia to Egypt, after the slaying of 
Reflor, son of Neman (as it is found in the Invasions of 
Erinn) ; and understand not that it was soon after the 
death of Nel 2 in Egypt, but many years, indeed, after it, 
that Milidh departed from Scythia, after the slaying of 
Reflor, contending for the sovereignty of Scythia. His 
great fleet consisted of 100 ships, as the vellum relates 
from which this copy has been drawn ; fifteen families in 
each ship, and soldiers without wives in it besides. They 
remained three months in the island of Taprobane. 3 
Three months more, also, they were on the Red Sea, 4 
until they came to Pharaoh, 5 the king of Egypt. They 
learned the arts of that country. They remained eight 
years with Pharaoh in Egypt, where they propagated 
their various arts and their various actions. Scota, 
Pharaoh's daughter, married 6 Milidh, son of Bile. After 
that, Milidh went with his host on the great sea, (and 
Scota, Pharaoh's daughter, along with him), past the island 
of Taprobane, in which they stayed a month. They 
rowed afterwards round Scythia to the "Inbher" 7 of the 
Caspian Sea. They remained three nomada 8 motionless 
on the Caspian Sea, through the chaunting of mermaids, 
until Caicher, the druid, rescued them. They voyaged 
afterwards past the point of Sliabh Rife, from the north, 
until they landed in Dacia. They stayed a month there. 

fourth century, describes it as flowing 
from the Northern Ocean. (See Aethici 
Cosmographia, ed. Gronovii; Lngd. 
Batav. 1722). Cosmas Indicopleustes, 
who flourished in the sixth century, 
says that it flowed from the Northern 
Sea to the East. (Collect. Nova 
Fatrum et Scriptorum Grcecorum, ed. 
Montfaucon; Parisiis, 1706; torn, ii., 

p. 132). Marco Polo seems to have 
been the first who really exploded 
the mediaeval notion. (Travels, 
Bohn's ed., p. 33). 

8 Nomada : pi. of nomaid, a period 
of time, the duration of which has not 
been defined, but apparently signify- 
ing some ennead of time, probably 
either nine days, or nights. 



CCnpa-o mif ant). CCpbepr Caicep -opaoi 
ppiu, ni an p. urn 50 pipum b&pinn. Haippioc fee ^ormm, 
pec epmam T>O bpegamn, con jabfac Gapbdm, ba 
polatfi i ap a ccionn. CCnpar; annpm xxx. bliatma, ocup 
po pspit; cecpe caa ap l a . ppi YJpepenu ocup Lon^bap-ou 
ocup bacbpu, ocup |io mepaiT) uile fie TT)itiT> mac bile. 
Uni cejic nOfpdine fio -pefvca na coca fin, ocuf afoepin 
|io hammmccet) -oeifium TTlili'D Gppainne; ocup af mce 
|io genpcrc T>a mac TTliti'b .1. Gfiemon ocup hO|iennan, 
iche an T>a fopap,; an Td finpiop. .1. "Oonn ocup 6t5in.; an. 
if caip, |io genap, T)onn ifm Sciaa, ocup GCip, an 

*0up calms cam aonlaice m Oappdin .xii. lanamna 
im a ccp.1 p,iu .1. TTliti-D mac bile, tli^e ocuf Oi^e. Tx>- 
cumluiT) .xlun. lanamna ocup cern.e amuip la maccoib 
ocuf la 8coic ingen poyiamn, pop, paiyi^e "oocum 
T)o chuarmpv lafvUm T>O gabdil Openn 15 Inpep* 
. "dmcillpat; Opmn po c|n ^un. ^abpat; paT)eoi5 
an Inbep. S^ene. "Oo chuai-o 6p.enndn popap. mic TTlili-6 
ipm pep,na f iuil T>O Ttefpn ca epui: \iaza. 50 rip. CCT)ba6 
ann ^un. -p^aoilfer; a baill um caipficcio", ocup T>O bepr; 
a cenn an uchc a marhap 05 beg, ocup pocep^) opnuri ap. 
"Decbep, ap a machaip, -poiT) bGpenain eT)ip -oa mbep 
pec m pamicc mbep, gup rdmicc, pof^ap ppip mpep 6 
1p m lopm ramie ambcme udcmap ocup 
an bapc apaib T)onn mac TTlili'D .L peap ocup 
.xii. mnaoi, ocup cerpa hamaip, ^up baiT)eT> 05 na T)um- 
acbalB ipin paippgi riap T>a napap rec n*Oumn. *Dia 

1 Gotkia. Gaethluighe, or Getulia, 
according to O'Flaherty. See Ogygia, 
p. 67. Rather the country of the Goths. 

2 Bregann. Brigantia, the Flavium 
Brigantium of antiquity ; the port of 
Betanzos, in Spanish Galicia. See 
Todd's Nennius, p. 238, w. ". 

8 Died. T)up cdmij; cam aon- 
laice, A. ; lit. " there came a plague 

of one day"; but used to express 
"there died of a plague in one day." 

4 Sons, mom., for maccoib, A. 

8 Was drowned. CC-obat, A. ; lit. 
"he -was drowned"; but sometimes 
idiomatically used to signify immer- 

6 Said his mother. The meaning 
of the above expression is rather ob- 



Caicher, the druid, said to them, " we shall not stay until 
we reach Erinn." They subsequently passed by Gothia, 1 
by Germany, to Bregann, 2 until they occupied Spain. It 
was uninhabited on their arrival. They remained there 
thirty years, and fought fifty-four battles against Frisians, 
and Longobards, and Bachru ; and they were all gained 
by Milidh, son of Bile. For the right of Spain these 
battles were fought ; and hence he was called " Milidh of 
Spain." And it was in it Milidh's two sons, Eremon and 
hErennan, were born. These were the two youngest. 
The two oldest were Donn and Ebhir; for in the east, 
in Scythia, Donn was born, and Ebhir in Egypt. 

Twelve families died 3 of a plague in one day in Spain, 
together with their three kings, viz. : Milidh, son of Bile, 
Uige, and Oige. Forty-seven families and four soldiers 
went with the sons 4 of Milidh, and with Scota, Pharaoh's 
daughter, on the sea to Erinn. They subsequently pro- 
ceeded to land in Erinn at Inbher Slaini. They sailed 
round Erinn thrice, until finally they came to Inbher 
Sgene. Erenan, the youngest of Milidh's sons, went up 
into the mast to see how far they were from the land. He 
was drowned 5 there, so that his limbs were severed by 
rocks, and, in dying, his head was placed on his mother's 
breast and gave forth a sigh. " No wonder," said his 
mother, 6 "Erenan's going between two Inbhers, but he 
reached not the Inbher to which he came ; he separated 
from the Inbher from which he came." In that day there 
came a terrible storm, and the ship in which was Donn, 
son of Milidh, with fifty men, twelve women, and four 
soldiers, 7 was cast away, so that they were drowned at 
the Dumacha in the western sea, called Tech nDuinn. 

scure. It seems to be in the nature 
of a proverb, founded on Erenan's 
death at Inbher Sgene, after having 
left Inbher Slaini. A play upon the 
word "Inbher" seems also intended. 

7 Four soldiers. c~] amcnf, A. 

07 for cecfxa, four, amcny, pi. of 
, a soldier. 


otip-oaoin pop ]ct maoi gabaip cap^up mic TTliliT> 
Opiiin m 1nbep Sgene, pop .xun. Lunae, ocup a-obcrc cmn 
bean CCimepp'n 516111511 .1. S^ene T)auilpip, ocup poc- 
pep a peapt; ann, un-oe 1npep S^ene. CCgup pocpeap 
pepc CCpanain-o T>on le ete. 'Gpeap laire lap n^abail 
n6penn "DO maccoib ttliliT) pa cuippie car SleEe mip 
ppi oemnaio' ocup ppi pomopchaiB, ocup po meabaiT* 
pia maccoib TTlilet*, ocup po ^abpai: cennup Openn 50 
har^app mpum, ocup apaile. 
8cuipim 50 aimpip 01 te, ocup cuipei) an cii^pap lep. 

Ct 6naip ui. parpinup nasup epr; m hoc anno. 

Ct. Gnaip tin. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 

Ct. u. 

Ct. ui. 

Ct. 1. 

Ct. 11. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 

Ct. u. Tttuipe-Dach "Dpec -DO mapba-o ta Caotba'D 
mac CpuinT), la Rig nUla-o, oc pope piog uap Daball. 

]Ct. u. 6ochaiT)h mui5meT)on mac UnuipeTiais T^ipig 
p. anmp oceo. paepinup capeiuup epe m llibepniam 

1 Thursday. In the margin of MS. 
A. there is a note in O'Flaherty's 
handwriting, " Kl. Mail die If, J." 

B Erennan's. ofivo., A., for 
CCn-annam-D, gen. of CCfiannan, as 
the name is frequently written. 

8 They fought. n,a qifipic, A., 
for fia cuifxpic, lit. " they put." 

4 Very soon. 50 hg., A., for 50 

8 / pass, fxjuiyiim, A. ; lit " I 

8 He Who Is mil .bless it. cpfi 

ancic ^lep., A. The translation is 

but a conjectural interpretation of this 
curious form of abbreviation, which 
would read cuifief> an cicagfiap 
t,ep, and mean "He Who Is will bless 
it." The words an ci cd, " He Who 
Is," are at present used in many parts 
of Ireland to signify the Divinity. 

7 Kal. January vi. : i.e. the kalends, 
or first, of January fell on the sixth 
day of the week; which answers to 
the year A.D. 353. From this down 
to where the year of the World 4481 
recte 4381 (corresponding to A.D. 
429), is given, there are seventy-six 
"Kal.," each of which represents a 




On Thursday, 1 the Kalends of May, on the 17th of the 
Moon, the fleet of the sons of Milidh occupied Erinn at 
Inbher Sgene, and the wife of Aimergin Gluingil, i.e. 
Sgene Davilsir, died there, and her grave was made there ; 
hence it was called Inbher Sgene. Erennan's 2 grave was 
placed on the other side. The third day after the occu- 
pation of Erinn by the sons of Miledh, they fought 3 the 
battle of Sliabh Mis against demons and Fomorians, and 
the sons of Milidh gained it, and they assumed the 
sovereignty of Erinn very soon 4 afterwards ; and so forth. 
I pass 5 to another time, and He Who Is will bless it. 6 

Kal. January 7 vi. In this year Patrick was born. 

Kal. January 8 vii. 

Kal. 9 iii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

KaL vi. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. 10 v. Muiredhach Tirech slain by Caelbadh, son of 
Grand, King of Uladh, at Port Kiogh, over the Dabhall. 

Kal. v. 11 Eochaidh Muighmedhoin, son of Muiredhach 
Tirech, reigned 12 eight years. Patrick is carried a captive 
into Hibernia. 

year. This is the first entry in B., the 
three first leaves of which are wanting. 

8 Kal. January vii. This means 
that the 1st of January fell on the 
seventh day of the week, and indi- 
cates the year 354, in which the 1st 
of January fell on a Saturday. 

Kal iii. The year 364 (Dom. let. 
B) having begun on a Saturday, the 
1st of January in the year 355 (Dom. 
let. A) fell on Sunday. A year seems, 
therefore, to have been here omitted. 

10 Kal. v. The date 357 appears in 
the margin in the handwriting of the 

late Charles O'Conor, of Belanagar; 
but the kalends of January fell on a 
Wednesday in that year. The entry 
is, however, probably misplaced, and 
should appear under the year 358. 

11 Kal. v. These characters, being 
seemingly but a repetition of the cri- 
teria for 364, have not been reckoned 
as a year. See note 9 . 

12 Reigned. " jv," A., for "regnat," 
or "regnavit;" or probably for jug 
(king), in which sense it has been in- 
terpreted by the transcriber of B. 






cRONictmi scotoRtmi. 

a capntntxire polutnip spc pep, an- 


Ct. m. 
Ct u. 
Ct. ui. 

let. 1. 

jet. eoctian>h nriuisme'Don mopruuf 
mac po-baicc p. in tlibepma annip .u. 

Ct. 11. 
'Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 
'Ct. u. 

Ct. ui. CpionrcanT) mac pioT>haicc mopruup 
Paqnicmp a-o ^epmanum. 

Ct. 1111. 
'Ct. 11. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 

Ct. u. 

Ct. 011. 
'Ct. 1. 


Ct. Niall .iac. iallach p. armip .acxtm. 
' Ct. 111. 

1 Kal. v. The ferial numbers for 
this year and the following (366, 
367) are manifestly incorrect, and 
should be, respectively, i. and ii. 

2 Five years. In most authorities 
the duration of Criomthand's reign 
is extended to thirteen years. See 
next note. 

3 Died, mofictif epc (mortus est), 
A and B. Either the number of years 
allotted to Criomthand's reign, at the 
year 371, is too little, and his obit 
misplaced here, or the accession of his 

successor, Niall, which appears under 
the year 384, should be entered under 
this year. See last note, and also 
notes 8 , p. 17, and 4 , p. 19. 

4 Kal. iv. The 1st of January in 
the year 376 having fallen on a Fri- 
day, (and the Dominical Letters being 
C B), the ferial number for this year 
should be i. 

1 Kal. The ferial number ii. and 
the year "378" are added in the hand- 
writing of Roderick O'Flaherty, who 
has corrected the feri for the sue- 



Kal. 1 



ceeding twenty-seven years in accord- 
ance with his view of the chronology. 
But, as there are forty-six " Kal." 
from this date to the year 429, it is 
plain that O'Flaherty's calculation does 
not here agree with the chronology of 
this Chronicle. 

6 Niall See note s , p. 16. If the 
period ascribed to Criomthand's reign 
at the year 371 be correct, this entry 
is, very likely, misplaced, and should 
appear above under the year 376, or 
377. It being evident that one of 
the " Kal. Kal." which appear in the 
text between "Kal. i." and "Kal. Hi." 

is redundant, they are only reckoned 
as one year. The ferial numbers for 
the succeeding twenty-five years are 
correct, with few exceptions, which it 
has not been considered necessary spe- 
cially to point out, as the criteria are 
in general so irregularly noted, that 
any attempt to bring them into har- 
mony with the series of "Kal.," or 
years, would occupy too much space. 

i Kal. iii. Should be " Kal. iv.," 
the year 385 having commenced on a 
Wednesday, and E being the Domini- 
cal Letter. 



Kal. vi. 


Kal. Patrick was released from captivity by an angel. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. Eochaidh Muighmedhoin died. Criomthand, son [371.] 
of Fiodhacli, reigned five years 2 in Hibernia. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

KaL vi. Criomthand, son of Fiodhach, died. 3 Patrick [376.] 
[went] to Germanus. 

Kal. iv. 4 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. 5 

Kal. Niall 6 of the Nine Hostages reigned twenty- [384.] 
seven years. 

Kal. 7 iii. 


Ct. u. 

Ct. ui. 

Ct. 1. 

Ct. un. 

Ct. 11. 

Ct. 1111. 

Ct. u. 

Ct. un. 

Ct. i. 
'Ct 11. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. u. 

Ct. Hi. 
'Ct. un. 

Ct. 1. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 
' Ct. u. 
' Ct. ui. 

Ct. un. 
' Ct. 1. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. 

Ct. 11. 

Ct. ui. 

Ct. 1111. NiciU nctoipatlac 
T)6ocaiT mac Cnna dnrj-peatai^ 

]ct. i. "Ncrci mac paqiach fi. 

lap. na gum 

15 muifi 
anmf .xxin 

' KaL IT. Corrected to i., by 
O'Flaherty, who has added the Sun- 
day sign, 0. But this is the year 
405 according to his calculation ; and 
although the ferial numbers for the 
fourteen years which follow, while not 
entirely in accord with the ferise for 
the years 412 to 426, agree perfectly 
with the criteria for 406 to 420 thus 

probably indicating 405 as the correct 
year it has not been thought desir- 
able to depart from the reckoning of 
the original. Other criteria written in 
the margin by the same hand cannot 
now be read, a part of the margin 
having been cut off, and the fragment 
"A. 405. Kl. Ja. . . . " only being 



Kal. v. A.D. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. 


Kal. iii. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. vii. 


Kal. iii. 


Kal. v. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. vii 

Kal. i. 

KaL iii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vi. 

KaL 1 iv. Niall of the Nine Hostages died, after being [411.] 
wounded by Eochaidh, son of Enna Cennsealach, at the 
Ictian Sea. 

Kal. 2 i. Nathi, 3 son of Fiaehra, reigned twenty-three 4 [412.] 

2 Kal. i. This ferial should be ii., 
the Dominical letters for the year 412 
being G F. 

Nathi. Otherwise Dathi. The 
note fii &|x., for " Ri Erenn" (King 
of Erinn), appears in the margin. 

* Twenty. three. As there are only 

sixteen "Kal." from this to the record 
of Nathi' s death, this entry seems to 
be misplaced, and should appear under 
the year 405. The anachronisms 
pointed out in note s , p. 16, and 
note 6 , p. 17, would seem to have led 
to this error also. 




]ct. 111. 
jet. mi- 
"jet. ui. 
let. un. 
jet. 1. 
let. 11. 
let. mi. 
jet. u. 
let. in. 
let. mi. 
jet. 11. 
let. 111. 
let. mi. 
let. u. 
let. un. 

jet. 1. Mcrci mac pacjiac mtepiic ice SletS Ctalpa 
pulmme, ap. ngabdil Kicche Ehpeann ec an -Domain 
contuse pem. 

let. 11. CCb mino mtm-oi pecunT>um Gbpeop 
.nn.Tn.cccc.txocxi- Laoaip,e mac Well Regnum Thbep- 
niae cenuic .xxx. annip. 

let. 111. CCb Incapnacione *Oomim cccc.xocxn . 

let. ui. CC mopre Concculaiiro hepoip upque aD 
hunc annum cccc.xxxi.; a mopce Concupaip mic Neppa 
cccc.ocn. anm purnc. 

pacpiciup .1. apchiepipcopup in hibepmam uemr; 
arque Scorop bapnZape mchoar, nono anno 'Gecrmpi 

1 KaL iv. Kal. iii., B., which is 
incorrect. It should be v. 

* Nathi. See note s , p. 19. 

Sliabh Ealpa, i.e. the Alps. 

4 Kal. ii. The year 428 having 
been leap year, and A G the Domini- 
cal letters, the year 434 (Dom. Let. G) 
was the next on which the Kalends of 
January fell on the second f eria (Mon- 
day). The correct ferial should be iii. 

6 4481. The MS. reads 1111- m.cccc. 
IXXXL a mistake for nn.m. cccixxxi. 
(4381), the latter being the year of 
the world, according to the Hebrew 
computation, corresponding to A.D. 
432, as estimated by the Irish An- 
nalists. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, 
Proloquium, p. [8]. 

6 Kal. iii. This ferial has been 
altered to vi. (recte v.) by O'Flaherty, 



Kal. iii. A.D. 

Kal. 1 iv. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iv. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. iv. 

KaL v. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. Nathi, 2 son of Fiachra, perished by lightning at [428.] 
Sliabh Ealpa, 3 after possessing the sovereignty of Erinn, 
and of the world, so far. 

Kal. 4 ii. From the beginning of the world, according [429.] 
to the Hebrews, 4481 5 years. Laeghaire, son of Niall, 
held the kingdom of Hibernia thirty years. 

Kal. 6 iii. From the Incarnation of the Lord, 432 years. [431.] 

Kal. vi. From the death of the hero, Cucullainn, 7 to [432.] 
this year, there are 431 years; from the death of Con- 
chobhar Mac Nessa, 8 412 years. 

Patrick, i.e. the Archbishop, comes to Hibernia, and 
begins to baptize the Scoti, in the ninth year of Theo- 

who has also added a marginal note, 
of which only the characters "A. 
43. . . Kl. Ja. . . " are left, the rest 
having been cut off. 

7 Cucullainn. A marginal note, 
in O'Flaherty's handwriting, partly 
mutilated, reads thus: "431 ann. 
a Morte Cuculann. . 2. A. sera? 
xpi. obiit . O'D. . . . fol. 13. . . " 

8 Conchobhar Mac Nessa. At foot 

of this entry, in A., the figures 48 


appear in OTlaherty's hand. The 
394 should, of course, be 384, sig- 
nifying the number of years that 
elapsed between the death of Con- 
chobhar and the advent of St. Patrick, 
according to OTlaherty's opinion. 
See Ogygia, p. 282. 



minon.if, pnimo anno 6pifcopat;uf 81x^1 .xtti. 6pi^copi 
Romanae Occlefiae, m 1111. anno ^egm laeaiiie mic 

Ct. tin. pn.ima mT)icno. 

Ct. 1. CeT>na bfuro Saxan an Gfimn. 


Ct. 111. bpefal fii Lai^en mop-^utif efc. 

Ct. u. 

Ct. 111. 8ecunT)intif er; CCuxitiup ec 
miccunruji aT> Tlibefinenfef, act; ni fio 
na tisDajijiaf 1 \ie paT)|iaic nama. Senctif TTlop. DO 
fcinobaD ifm bbaDainyi. 

]ct. 1. "Mar:itiiT:af Sancrae OinpDae T>ia ce^aoin an 
ochrmaD uachaD epcca peBfia. T)ia ce^aoin |io ^aft 
caille 50 nocD no^aiB an .xtini.; Dia ce^aoin an .xxtim. 

]ct. 11. TTlame mac Well mo|icuuf epc. 
epifcopuf Uomae, quieuir;. CCmal^a'D mac "Piacfiac |ii 
Connachr: moficuup efc .1. cei) |ii Connachc 

let. 111. 

1 45th. xtn. A., corrected by 
O'Flaherty to 45, which is followed 
in B. ; xl.11 being very likely a mis- 
reading for xtu. A marginal note 
by O'F. has been mutilated, the fol- 
lowing only remaining : u yV 

Indictio 6. per Jul 

a Dominica .... [Theojdosii. A. 

3 Kal. vii. The first of the Indic- 
tion corresponds to the year 433, in 
which the 1st of January fell on a 
Sunday. O'Flaherty adds the note 
" A. Litera Dominica 1 ' in the margin. 

Kal iii. The "Kal." for this and 
the following year are written in 
one line in A., and a mutilated note, 
" . . . . F. . . Ja. fer. 3" 

(meaning that the Dominical letter 
was F, and the 1st of January fell on 
Tuesday), appears in the margin in 
O'Flaherty's handwriting. It doubt- 
less represented the criteria for the 
year 435. 

* Kal. vi. Rectd vii. 

& Kali. After "Kal. i.," the year 
and Dominical letter (A. 439, A.) 
have been added by O'F. 

6 Birth. There is a note of O'Fla- 
herty's in the margin, "Natus A. 
449, . . i.e. 16 Feby.," and a muti- 
lated memorandum, of which the fol- 
lowing is all that can be read: 
"... 8'. feria 4 .... 8 Febr., S. 
Brigida (jVs- 2 - Mar O eic ? 


quarta ;" 



dosius the younger, the first year of the episcopate of 
Sixtus, 45th 1 Bishop of the Roman Church, and the 
fourth year of the reign of Laeghaire, son of Niall. 
Kal. 2 vii. First Indiction. 

First Saxon depredation in Erinn. 
Bresal, King of Laighen, died. 

Kal. i. 


Kal. 3 iii. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. 4 vi. Secundinus, and Auxilius, and Esserninus 
are sent to the Irish; but they obtained not pre-emi- 
nence or authority in the time of Patrick alone. The 
Senchus M6r was written in this year. 

Kal. i. 5 Birth 6 of St. Brigid, on a Wednesday, the 8th 
of the February moon; on a Wednesday, the 18th, she 
received 7 the veil, with eight virgins ; on a Wednesday, 
the 28th, she rested. 8 

Kal. 9 ii. Maine, son of Niall, died. 10 Sixtus, Bishop of 
Rome, quievit. 11 Amhalgadh, son of Fiachra, King of 
Connacht, died, i.e. the first King of Connacht after the 
faith. 12 

Kal. 13 iii. 






but, in consequence of its fragmentary 
condition, it is not easy to decide 
whether it refers to her birth or re- 
ception of the veil. 

7 Received, jxo gap, for jxo gab, 
she received. 

8 Rested. A marg. note in O'Fla- 
herty's handwriting reads, " A. 523 
. . . Feb. fer. 4 . . . . ae 28" (i.e. 
A. 533 . . . February, fourth day 
of the week, 28th of the moon). 

9 Kal. ii. The year 440 is added 
in the margin in O'Flaherty's hand. 

10 Died, moficuf , for mortuus est, 
A. B. 


11 Quievit. q., A., for quievit, the 

expression generally used hi recording 
the death of ecclesiastics throughout 
this Chronicle; mortuus est, or moritur, 
being the form used in the case of laics. 
A marginal note hi O'F.'s hand, partly 
destroyed, reads: " . . [4]40 . . . 
Mar. [SLxJtus obiit. litera Dominica 
. . . Ja. fer. 2." 

12 After the faith, i.e. after the in- 
troduction of the faith. This obit is 
written hi the lower margin of A., 
p. 6, with a mark of reference 
pointing out its proper place in the 

w Kal. iii. The ferial numbers for 
this and the three following years 
should be, respectively, iv., v., vi., 
and vii. 

cftotncum scotxmtim. 

Ct. in. 

Ct. un. 

Ct 1. 

Ct. 111. Oeltum J?emin m quo cecitur mac 
mic Colbo, mic Melt. CClii -oicum; ap T>O cpuicnip 

]ct. 1111. Cfuiep SecuiTDim pilii Hepcicursi, lxxu. 
anno aecasip puae, cuiup macep Culmana paqiicii 

Ct. u. 

Ct. ui. 

Ct. i. 

Ct. 11. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. 1111. Catjpainio'o mop pia Laegaipe mac Nell pop 

Ct. ui. eip "Cemfia la tao^aipe mac Wei It. 

Ct. un. 

Ct. 1. TTIo|if Qnna mic Carba-Da. 

Ct. 11. 

Ct. 1111. "OofimiTxrao ancci 8emf pcrcfucii epifcopi 
.1. ^lofDomenpip Gcctepiae. 

]ct. u. Ca^ CC6a T)apa pia LaimB pop tao^aipe m 
quo ippe capt:up efc, peT> rune Tnmiffiip epr; iupanp 
pep potem ec uent:um pe bouep eip *0imippupum. 

i Kal. iv. The criteria, " . . E. 
. . . Ja. fer. 4" (E the Dominical 
letter ; kalends of January on the 4th 
feria, or Wednesday), answering to 
the year 447, have been noted in the 
margin by OTlaherty. The criteria 
for the six following years should be 
iv., v., vii., i., ii., and iii., respectively. 

8 Kal. vi. Corrected to vii. by 
O'Flaherty, to correspond with the 
year 449. 

Kal. iv. This is the year 453 
according to O'Flaherty, who has 

noted that year in the margin, adding 
D as the Dominical letter. He has 
also altered the ferial number to 5. 

< Temhair, i.e. Tara. O'Flaherty 
adds the marginal note, "454, C. Kal. 
Ja. on Friday." 

6 Kal. i. O'Flaherty adds the year 
456, and the Dom. Letters A G in the 

6 Church, ctecliae, A. The cri- 
teria for the year 458 have been 
noted in margin by O'F., who adds, 


Kal. vi. A.D. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. iii. Battle of Feimin, in which fell the son of [445.] 
Cairthind, son of Colboth, son of Niall. Some say that 
he was of the Picts. 

Kal. 1 iv. Death of Secundinus, son of Restitutus, in [446.] 
the seventy-fifth year of his age, whose mother, Culmana, 
was Patrick's sister. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. 2 vi. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. 3 iv. A great battle-breach by Laeghaire, son of [452.] 
Niall, over the Lagenians. 

Kal. vi. The Feast of Temhair 4 celebrated by Laegh- [453.] 
aire, son of Niall. 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. 5 i. Death of Enna, son of Cathbadh. [455.] 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iv. Repose of Old Saint Patrick, Bishop, i.e. of [ 45 ?-] 
the church 6 of Glastonbury. 

Kal. v. The battle of Ath Dara gained by the Lage- [458.] 
nians over Laeghaire, in which he was taken prisoner; but 
he was straightway set at liberty, upon swearing by the 
sun and wind that he would forgive them the Borumha. 7 

" Drust mac Erb. Rex Pictorum A. has a marginal note in O'Fla- 
obiit, Cod. Cl. ;" " Cod. Cl." meaning herty's hand, " cot oca "Oajva, 

" Codex Cluanensis," or " Annals of 

Clonmacnois," in which the death of 

Drust is recorded under the year 445. 

7 Forgive them the Borumha. 

( 8e D0ves 
eis dimissurum), A. B. This means 
that Laeghaire undertook to remit 
the Borumha, or Boromean Tribute. 

A. 458, War. Antiq. p. 32' 
("Battle of Ath Dara, Anno 458, 
Ware's Antiquities, p. 32"); and a 
further note, mccccro net bofvurTm, 
"remission of the Borumha," in the 
hand of the late Charles O'Conor, of 
Belanagar both of which are omitted 



|ct. in. Coe CCeha T)apa pia 
qtnbup CpemeanT) eunc ppaeepae. 

"JC. mopp lae^aipe mic Well 15 5peallai| *0aipil 
pop eaeB Caipi 1 TYlai5 Lipe, ewp na TXX cnoc .1. Oipe 
ocup CClba [an] anmanT). CC paea pe Lai^mB .1. 
ocup ^aoe po mapppaD e ani>, picue poeea -Dixie : 

CCT)bat Laegatpe mac 11 eU/ 

Pop caob Caifi gta 

"Guile "Oe a-opegait 

T^U5pa-D T>dit mbaip poppan pig. 

Ct. u. 1meium Re^m Oilealla muile mic Maehi. 
Ct. un. 
'Ct. 1. 
Ct. 11. 
Ct. 111. 
Ct. u. 

Ct. ui. peip "Cempa la hOilill 
Ct. un. 
Ct. 1. 
Ct. 111. 
Ct. 1111. "Dopn-ogal bpi ele pop taisniu pia Oibll 

[]ct.] Cae "Oumaige CCicip pia Laigmu pop Oilill 
|ct. ui. 

let. 1. 


1 Kal. vi. The criteria for the year 
460 have been noted in the margin 
by O'Flaherty, who also adds the 
mem., "Crimthann Rex Lageniae." 
This record seems a repetition of the 
previous entry. 

s Erinn. eifie, A. B. 

Kal. v. OTlaherty has altered 
this to iv., and added the criteria for 
the year 464 in the margin. At the 
end of the entry, however, he has 
noted the year 463. 

* Domangart. The note "462, Kal. 
J. 2" (462, Kalends of January on 
2nd feria), has been added in the 
margin by O'F. 

6 Kal iii. O'Flaherty has altered 
this to iv., and added the marginal 
note, " 469, S. Benign, ob*. E. Kl. 
Ja. 4." 

6 Beniffmts. bTgm, A.; bigni, B. 

7 Feast. This is the year 471 ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty, who adds the 
criteria, "C. Kl. Ja. Friday," and 



Kal. 1 vi. The battle of Ath Dara gained against A.D. 
Laeghaire by the Lagenians, over whom Crimthand was [459/1 
then commander. 

K. Death of Laeghaire, son of Niall, at Greallach [460.] 
Daiphil, on the side of Cais in Magh Life, between the 
two hills, viz., Erinn 2 and Alba are their names. His 
guarantees to the Lagenians, i.e. the sun and wind, that 
killed him there, as the Poet said : 

Laeghaire, son of Niall, died 

On the side of Cais, green its land ; 

The elements of God, which he had pledged as guarantee, 

Inflicted the doom of death on the King. 

Kal. 3 v. Commencement of the reign of Oilill Molt, [461.] 
son of Nathi. 
Kal. vii. 
Kal. i. 
Kal. ii. Domangart 4 Mac Nisi quievit. 

Kal. 5 iii. Quies of Benignus, 6 successor of Patrick. 

The Feast 7 of Temhair celebrated by Oilill 

Kal. v. 
Kal. vi. 


Kal. vii. 

Kal. i. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. 8 iv. The conflict of Bri Ele gained over the 
Lagenians by Oilill Molt. 

[Kal. 9 ] Battle of Dumagh Aicher gained by the 
Lagenians over Oilill Molt. 

Kal. 1 
Kal. i. 


also the note, "468, War. Ant., p. 
17," signifying that the event is re- 
ferred to the latter year in Ware's 
Antiquities, p. 17. 

8 Kal. iv. O'Flaherty has noted 
the criteria for the year 475 in the 

[Kal.'] This Kal., together with 
ferial for the year 476, has been in- 
serted by O'Flaherty. It is apparent, 
from the order of the ferial numbers, 
that a "Kal." was omitted by the scribe. 

10 Kal. vi. Corrected to vii. by 
O'F., who makes this the year 477. 





GROW 1 cum scot-emu m. 

ct. n. 

Ct. 111. THojif Con mil Cfiemcainn mic Nell. 

Ct. in. 

Ct. un. 



Ct. 1. Oitill TTlolr; T>O ctncim la TT1ui^cep.T;ac mac 
Gajica (.1. fii Gfieann) a cca Ocba, ec la Luccai-5 
mac Lae^aifie, ec la pe^uf Cififibel mac Conaill 
Cfiemcainne, et; la pacfiac Lonn mac Coelboc ^15 "Oal 
CCfich'oe, tnroe bee mac *Oe -Dixie : 

TTlop, cot Ocha 

Itnmofialux ccrca ill, 

pop OitiU, THolt; mac "Oati, 

THeabuiT)h fiia "Oat 

La Luccaii) la pacfiac 

1|" ta TTltiipce|icac mop, oil, 

La pefi^uf mac Conaill caoirh, 

Le6 no ce|\ CCilill f ae|i 1115 ; 

CT; la pefi^uf 50 lochr, 

Leo icqaocaift CCilill faep, TTlolc. 

CC cempofie Concupaiji mic "Neffa Ufque aT> Co|imac 
mac CCifir:, ccc.un. anni funi:. CC Co|imac u^que a7> hoc 
bellum cc.un. 

]cb 11. Indium p.esm tu^-oac mic 

i Kal. iu. The year 480, the Do- 
minical letters (F E), and the cor- 
responding ferial number (iii.), have 
been added in the marg. by O'F. 

8 Kal. i. O'Flaherty has added 
the year 484 in the margin, together 
with the Dom. Letters A G, and the 
proper ferial. He also adds the 
further note, " 483, B. Kal. J. Sat. 
quo Oililli necem Annul. Ult. ha- 

bent. Unde ad Dalriedinos in Scotia, 
20. an." The Annals of Ulster re- 
cord the battle of Ocha under the 
year 482, and again under 483, adding 
" secundum alios." 

Of the blemish. 50 Lochc, A. B. ; 
lit. with stain. He is called Fergus 
"5011 loclic," "without stain," in 
other authorities. 


Kal. ii. A.D. 

Kal. 1 iii. Death of Conall Crimhthann, son of Niall. [476/1 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. vii. 




Kal. 2 i. Oilill Molt fell in the battle of Ocha by Muir- [482.] 
certach Mac Erca (i.e. King of Erinn) ; and by Lughaidh, 
son of Laeghaire ; and by Fergus Cirrbel, son of Conall 
Crimthainn ; and by Fiachra Lonn, son of Caelboth, 
King of Dal Araidhe, of which Bee Mac De said : 

The great battle of Ocha was fought, 

Through which many fights were contested ; 

Over Oilill Molt, son of Dathi, 

It was gained hy the Dal Araidhe, 

By Lughaidh, by Fiachra Lonn, 

And by the great, puissant Muircertach, 

By Fergus, son of mild Conall 

By them fell the noble King Ailill ; 

And by Fergus of the blemish 3 

By them fell the noble AMI Molt. 

From the time of Conchobhar Mac Nessa to Cormac 
Mac Art there are 307 4 years ; from Cormac to this 
battle, 207. 5 

Kal. 6 ii. Commencement of the reign of Lughaidh, 7 [483.] 
son of Laeghaire. 

4 307 years, cccun., A. B., pro- 
bably a mistake for cct/tm. (257), the 
era of Conchobhar being referred to 
A.D. 20 in a previous entry, (vide 
supra, ad an. 432) ; and that of Cor- 
mac being usually fixed at 277. For 
307 O'Flaherty writes 207. 

8 207. O'Flaherty writes 206. 

6 Kal. ii. The ferial number ii. has 
been corrected to 3 by O'Flaherty, 
who has added the year 485, and 
some criteria not now decipherable. 

f Lughaidh. The letters "fx. e.," 
for 7115 e-fienn, "King of Erinn," are 
written in the marg. in the orig. hand. 


CROW 1 cum 

]ct. 111. um CfiiomTxnnn mic Gnna CuTOfealai^, Hi 
Lenten, la Gocuii) ^u^ec "OiB baijijice, ocuf la nafiaT>a 

Ce-o -ca Aflame m quo TTluificefiTracb mac 6ayica 
uicrop, puit. Ca ele 1 nsjiame iciji Lai^en imp. 
Lai^necaiD" baftem, in quo pmncbaT) Hi ua Cmnfealai 
ceciT)ir:, ocup [GocbaiT) macj Coi^pvie uiccofi puic. 

]cl. u. Cfuiep Gpfcoip TTlaol an CCfiT) Cufia-5. 

JCI. u. Cfinef Sancci Cianam "Oaimliagcui 
euan^elium fuum layip^uf efc. 

]cl. un. Cfuief Gfpoig nuc Caille. 

Ceall Opnai a Tnuigh pea ubi 
mac Harpjiaoic, Ri TYIuman, ocuf uxoyi eiUf .1. 
uarac m^en Cfiioitncainn, nuc Gnna diTopealai^. 
lollann mac "Ounlain^ ec Oilill a bfiar:aifi, ocuf 
eochaiT>h ^uinec, en TTlui|ice|i7:ac mac 6ayica, 

let. 11. 

CC-obat cjiaob t>of bile 

motbtac mac "Mac|?fiaoic 
la lollann a cenn 

CC ccac ceaU Ofnaij claoi'n. 

1 Guinech. gtnn. A.; 511111. B. 

* Graxne. The date 485 appears 
in the margin, in the handwriting of 
O'F., and also the mutilated note, 
"Kal. . . . Lageniae . . . Grane 
. . . [prae]lium 2. hoc A. ..." 

* Another. See under the year 492, 
where a third battle of Graine is 
called the second; or probably it is 
the battle here referred to. 

4 In the land, icijx, A. ; 
(between), B. 

6 Lagenians. Laignaib 
nechaib), A. ; Laignib', B. 

6 Eochmdh Mac Coirpre. The 
words "Eochaidh Mac" have been 
interlined by O'Flaherty, who adds at 
the end of the entry, " de quo post 
493 infra." See under the year 492. 

7 Kal. v. O'Flaherty adds in the 
margin, " S. Mel. EpsTob*. 488, Ult. 
Annal." The Annals of Ulster record 
Bishop Mel's death at the year 487, 
which is equal to 488 of the Common 

8 Ard Curadh. Possibly a mis- 
take for Ard Achadh, i.e. "the high 
field," now Ardagh, of which Mael, or 
Mel, was Bishop. 



Kal. iii. Criomthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King 
of Laighen, [mortally] wounded by Eochaidh Guinech 1 of 
the Ibh Bairrche, and by the men of Aradh Cliach. 

First battle of Graine, 2 in which Muircertach Mac Erca 
was the victor. Another 3 battle was fought at Graine, 
in the land 4 of Laighen, between the Lagenians 5 them- 
selves, in which Finnchadh, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 
fell, and [Eochaidh Mac 6 ] Coirpre was the victor. 

KaL 7 v. Quies of Bishop Mael at Ard Curadh. 8 

Kal. 9 v. Quies of Saint Cianan of Damhliag, on whom 
Patrick bestowed his Gospel. 

Kal. vii. Quies of Bishop 10 Mac Caille. 

The battle of Gill Osnaigh in Magh Fea, in which 
fell Aengus Mac Nathfraeich, King of Mumhan, and his 
wife, i.e. Eithne the hateful, daughter of Criomthann, 
son of Enna Cennsealach. lollann, son of Dunlaing, 
and Oilill, his brother, and Eochaidh Guinech, 11 and 
Muircertach Mac Erca, King of Ailech, were victors, as 
was said 12 : 

A branch of the great 18 spreading tree died 
Aengus the praiseworthy, son of Nathfraeich ; 
His head was left with lollann, 
In the battle of foul Cill-Osnaigh. 







9 Kal v. O'Flaherty has altered 
this ferial to G, and added the marg. 

note, "S. Kien 489, Ult. 

Ann. ;" but the Annals of Ulster have 
St. Cianan's obit under the year 488 
of their reckoning. 

10 Bishop, e^p". A.; eccfcop, B. 
O'Flaherty has noted the year 490 in 
the margin, altering the ferial number 
mi to 1. 

11 dm/neck; or "the wounding." 
3)l>tiinech, A. and B. ; but called 

Guinech in all authorities, and at the 
year 484, supra. 

18 As was said, tic -op.., A., for 
tic "oicicup, ; uc T>ixic, B. The 
abbrev. p, is written in the margin, 
signifying that a pxcntl (rann), or 
verse, follows. 

18 Of the great. m6ip^ A. B., gen. 
of m6p, (mor), great. Tigernach and 
the Four Mast, read an Dip,, " of the 


jet 111. paqucmp CCp-chiepipcopup ec CCpofcoluf 
mbep-nenpuim, anno aecaeip p uae ceneeppimo .xxn ., xui. 
jet. CCpp.ilip quieuic, us 

O senaip, Cp,iofc, aip,em air 
Cetfie ce-o ^op, caom nocaic 
"Ceo|ia bliatma beacc iap,fin 
$o bdf pcroficns, Pp-ioni CCfpait. 


]ct. u. Cere 'Gcnllxen pop, 

]ct. i. Ca canaif 
mac pionnchar>a Hi tai^en 

pia Coipppe mac 

in quo ceci-oic 

Gochai'b mac 

]ct. 11. Cfuief CtnnT>eT>a mic Cacmoga .1. mac CtnlmT), 
Luf ca. "Depeccuf .fobf appan-uic. 

]ct. nafrafiup papa op,T)inar:uf efc, uixic anmf 11. 
lemna TTli'De -pop, Laigmu pia Coipppe mac Hell. 
TTlochaoe ndon'opoma quietus. Gpfcop Copmac [m] 
T>epniT)e comapba pa^pai^ paupauir. 

1 Kal. iii. Of the criteria, which 
had been noted in the margin, all that 

now remains is 6. O'Fla- 

herty, however, understood this to be 
the year 493, in accordance with the 
authority of the stanza quoted in the 
text But there are only fifty-seven 
" Kal." from the year 432 to the pre- 
sent entry, which would indicate this 
to be the year 489 ; and although it 
seems likely that the year 493 was 
intended by the original Annalist, the 
Editor has not felt himself at liberty 
to depart from the actual data which 
the Chronicle furnishes. 

2 Four hundred. CCCC., A. B. 

1 Exact, bef, for beacc, A., j> 
being an abbreviation for ace (acht). 
B. reads bep omitting the sign of 
abbrev. over the t\ The following 

stanza, apparently in the hand of the 
orig. scribe, occurs at the bottom of 
page 8 in A. : 
" Nonagessimus et quadringentesi- 

mus atque 
Tertius a partu virginis annus 

YEtatisque sure centesimus atque 

Anni bisque decem preteriere 

quidem : 
Patricius sanctus fidei monstrator 

Mortuus in Duno quando sepultus 


4 Kal. v. Corrected to 7 by O'Fla - 
herty, who observes, "ut folia 9, b," 
referring to the copy of Tigernach 
bound up with MS. A., which has the 
ferial number vii. 



Kal. 1 iii. Patrick, Archbishop and Apostle of the A.D. 
Irish, in the 122nd year of his age, on the 16th of the [439?] 
Kalends of April, quievit, ut dicitur : 

Since Christ was born, a joyful reckoning, 
Four hundred 2 and fair ninety ; 
Three exact 3 years after that 
To the death of Patrick, Chief Apostle. 
Kal. iv. 

Kal. 4 v. The battle of Taillten was gained over the [491.] 
Lagenians by Coirpre, son of Niall. 

Kal. i. The second 5 battle of Graine, in which fell [492.] 
Fraech, son of Finnchadh, King of Southern Leinster. 
Eochaidh, son of Coirpre, was the victor. 

Kal. ii. Rest of Cuindidh, son of Cathmogha, 6 i.e. [ 493 
Mac Cuilind, Bishop of Lusca. An eclipse of the sun 
appeared. Battle of Dunlethglaise. Gelasius quievit. 

Kal. Anastasius was ordained Pope, and lived after- [494.] 
wards two years. The battle of Slemhain of Meath gained 
over the Lagenians by Coirpre, son of Niall. Mochaoe of 
Naendruim quievit. Bishop Cormac 7 [injdernidhe, com- 
harb of Patrick, pausavit. 

6 Second. Two battles of Graine 
are referred to under the year 484. 
This would make a third, unless it be 
the record of one of the two battles 
in question. See p. 30, notes 2 and 3 . 

6 Son of Cathmogha. me Cocmoja 
.1. mac Ctnlim) (Mac Cathmhogha, 
i.e. Mac Cuilind), A. ; which O'Fla- 
herty alters to "MacCathbadhaMogh 
Cuilind (son of Cathbadh of Magh 
Cuilinn), ut fol. 9, b." The refer- 
ence " ut fol. 9, b." is to the copy 
of Tigernach in H. 1, 18, T.C.D., 
which reads, " quiep Cuim>e'6a mic 
Cact5<r6a in mac Cuil/inn" ("Quies 
of Cuindidh, son of Cathbhadh, the 
Mac Cuilinn"). B. reads, "mac 
CacTiiosa TDaj Cuititro" (son of 
Cathmogh of Magh Cuilinn). The 

obit of Gelasius proves this to be the 
year 496. 

7 Cormac [in}dernidhe. The letters 
m ("the," or "of the") have been 
supplied by O'Flaherty. In the An- 
nals of the Four Masters he is called 
"Cofunac Cfiic in &Yinaif>e" (i.e. 
Cormac of the territory of the Er- 
naidhe). See Dr. O'Donovan's note 
to F.M. under the year A.D. 496. 
In a list of St. Patrick's successors 
in the Book of Leinster, Cormac is 
said to have been "de Chlainn Cher- 
naigh," i.e. of the Clann Cernaigh, or 
Kearney. See Todd's St. Patrick, 
p. 180. O'Flaherty adds in the 
margin, " 497, Mochaius Antrim, 
(recte Naendrum), et Conn. Ard- 
machae, obierunt." 


CRorncum scotxmum. 

let. 11. Ingenp ceppaemorup ponncam concuppn; 
Ppouinciam. CCnapeapiup paupauir. 

let. ui. Romanae ecclepiae .xlix. 8imachup papa, 
uixic annip .xu. Ccrc Ciiro CCilBe pop lai^ne pe Coipppe 
mac Melt. 

jet. un. Ca Se|pa pid TTluipceptxic mac Gapca pop 
"Ouach "Cen^uma Hi Connacc, ubi "Ouactl ceciT>iT;, un-oe 

let 1. 

jet. 11 

Cat Sej 
Oen -DO mnaib 
Ro baoi cpu -oaft 
La "Ouifij in^ien "Ouaicc. 

Cat "Oealga et: cat TTlticfienie, 
Ocuf cat "Cuatna T^puba; 
La cat Sef a acqfiocaifi 
"Ouac 'Cen^urha. 

t. 111. Coxh "Ofioma Locmai^e yua Lai|mp ap tht5 

"Meill. pep^Uf TT16|i mac Gayica cum ^enre T)dil 
RioDa pajwem bpieamae renuic er ibi mojvcuup epe. 

jet. u. bellum inT>6 TTloipce a ccpic .h. n^aRa pop 
Lai^iup, ocup pop lollann, mac *Ounlain5, m quo TTluip- 
ceprac mac 6pca uicrop epos. 

TTlopp Gppoi^ 1buip in .ix. let. mai, cuiup aecap 
ccc-111. anmp. 



1 Shook. " Conclusit," A., altered 
to " concussit" by O'Flaherty. 

* Anastasius. "498, 13, Kal. Dec. 
obiit." Note by O'F. in marg. The 
ferial number (v) answers to the year 
498. The feriae from this down to 
the year 513 are rather confusedly 

8 Symmachus. Smccchup, A. and 
B. "498, 23 Nov. creatus." Note 
by O'F. in marg. 

4 A certain woman. Oen To 
tnnaib, A., lit. "a woman of women." 

The words t>o mncnb are erroneously 
repeated in A. 

8 Red blood was. fio baoi cfiu. 
These words occur twice by mistake 
in A., viz., at the end of one page and 
beginning of another. 

6 By Duisech. "Ouif 15, ablative of 
Thnpech, A. For ingien "Duiacc, 
B. incorrectly reads ingen t "OuLcncc, 
being a misreading of the words t 
"Oucticc (i.e. " or of Duach"), which 
are written over the word p/ucn'oTi, 
put erroneously for "Ouaicc in A., 



Kal. v. A great earthquake shook 1 the Pontic Pro- 
vince. Anastasius 2 pausavit. 

Kal. vi. Symmachus, 3 49th Pope of the Roman Church ; 
lived fifteen years. The battle of Cenn Ailbhe gained 
over the Lagenians by Coirpre, son of Niall. 

Kal. vii. The battle of Seghais gained by Muircertach 
Mac Earca over Duach Tengumha, King of Connacht, in 
which Duach was slain ; of which Cennfaeladh said : 

The battle of Seghais 

A certain woman 4 caused it ; 

Red blood 8 was brought over lances 

By Duisech, 6 daughter of Duach. 

The battle of Delg, and battle of Mucremhe, 
And the battle of Tuaim Drubha, 
With the battle of Seghais, wherein fell 
Duach Tengumha. 

Kal. 7 i. 

Kal. iii. Battle of Druim Lochmaighe gained by the 
Lagenians over the Ui Neill. Fergus Mor Mac Erca, 
with the tribe of Dal Riada, held a part of Britain and 
died there. 

Kal. v. The battle of Inde Mor, 8 in Crich Ui Gabhla, 
gained over the Lagenians, and over Illann, 9 son of 
Dunlaing, in which Muircertach Mac Erca was victorious. 

Death of Bishop 10 Ibar on the 9th of the Kalends of 
May, whose age was 303 years. 








but marked with dots in token of 
deletion. This is the year 500 ac- 
cording to O'F., who adds the marg. 
note, " 500, Kal. 7." 

? Kal. i. Corrected to 2 by O'Fla- 
herty, who has added the criteria 
"501, Kl. Ja. 2," in the margin. 

8 Inde Mir. A marginal note by 
O'Flaherty reads "499, Cod: Cl:" 

implying that this battle is recorded 
in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at the 
year 499. 

8 Illann. " R. L.," i.e. Rex La- 
geniae. Marg. note in O'F.'s hand- 

10 Bishop. 6|>p, A. ; &pcop, B. 
O'F. adds the note "501, Dung. 
Annal. S. Ibarus: 500, Ussher." 

CROW 1 cum scotxmurn. 


C bellum Ppemainne THi-oe -pop piachai-o mac 
pia Poilge beppaiT>e, unT>e -oicctim epc: 

CCn Rj aile 

piacbaiT) mac Hell ni 
CCp paip cap cpeamna cile 
Cat Slemna TTli-oe meabai"6. 
let 111. 

let. 1111. bap LuT)ac mic Lao^aipe Rig "Cempac an 
CCchaT)h papca. Ho benaD T>O mm co papca 
ma cenD ap nT>iult:a'D pa^pai^. 

let. 111. TTluipcepT:ac mac Gapca Uegnape 
TTlac Cmppi .1. CCongup, 6ppcop Con-oipe, quieuit:, 
pacep [pobpaoc] "oiccup ep^, cuiupque macep Cnep 
mgen ComaiT)e T>O T)dit Ceiripe, a qua 
mac Cneipi. 


let. 1. Cfuiep bponi, Gpipcopi Caipil 1ppe. 

]ct. 11. Cfuief 6|ici Gpifcopi laine, xc. anno 
puae, T)e quo pacfiiciup aic : 

Cfpoj Ojica, 

^ac ni concen-cat) ba ceyic ; 
ac don belief concojefic ceftc 
b bennacc 


. bellum 

1 Battle ofSlemhain. CatS^emna, 
A. B. ; evidently a mistake for cac 
"Pfvetiminn or p^etrina (battle of 
Fremhainn), as in Tigernach, the Ann. 
Ult., and the Four Mast.; and also in 
the prose entry in the text. O'Fla- 
herty adds the marg. note, "502, D. 
Ann. ;" but the Donegal Annals (or 
Four Mast.) have the entry at the 
year 501 of their reckoning. 

* Was struck, fio tJcro, for fio 
bencro, A.; |io bcro, B.; the tran- 
scriber of which appears not to have 
noticed the sign of abbreviation. 

8 Muircertach. The letters "fi. e.," 
for Rig Gfxenn (King of Erinn), 
appear in the marg. O'Flaherty has 
added a note, of which only "Mur- 
chert . . 513, KL . . ." can be read. 



K. A.D. 


K. The battle of Fremhain, in Midhe, gained over [505.] 
Fiachaidh, son of Niall, by Foilge Berraidhe ; of which 
was said : 

The other king they mention, 
Fiachaidh, son of Niall, they deny not ; 
Over him, against a false prophecy, 
The battle of Slemhain 1 of Midhe, was won. 
Kal. iii. 

Kal. iv. Death of Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, King of [507.] 
Temhair, in Achadh Farcha. He was struck 2 on the head 
with lightning from heaven, for denying Patrick. 

Kal. iii. Muircertach 3 Mac Earca begins to reign. [508.] 
Mac Cnissi, i.e. Aengus, Bishop of Condere, quievit; 
whose father was called [Fobraech] ; 4 and whose mother 
was Ones, daughter of Comaide, of the Dal Ceithire, from 
whom he was named Mac Cnisi. 

Kal. i. Quies of Bron, Bishop of Caisel Irre. An [510.] 
eclipse of the sun occurred. 5 

Kal. ii. Quies of Ere, 6 Bishop of Slane, in the 90th [511.] 
year of his age, of whom Patrick said : 

Bishop Ere 

Everything which he adjudged was right ; 
Everyone that passes a just judgment 
Shall receive the hlessing of Bishop Ere. 

Kal. Birth of Saint Ciaran, son of the artificer. 7 [512.] 

4 Fobraech. Interpolated by 0' Fla- 
herty. See Reeves' Antiquities of 
Down and Connor, pp. 238, 239. 

5 Occurred, concur, A. B. After 
this word B. has "xc. anno aeca- 
ci-p," which is a clause belonging to 
the next sentence. A mutilated note 
by O'F. in the margin, reads " 512, 
Kal. . . . Bronius . . Eclipsis solis." 

6 Ere. O'F. adds a marg. note, of 

which only "513, Kal Ercus 

... S. ..." can be read. 

7 Son of the artificer. Ciaran is 
called "mac an cjxxoifi" (son of the 
carpenter) in the Irish Calendars and 
Martyrologies, and infra, under the 
year 644. "516, Natus." Marg. 
note by O'F. 



epc, T>e 

"On.oma "Den^ai^e pop, 01151 mOep,ftaiT)e pia 
mac Welt, um>e campup TPi-oe a la^enif rublcrcuf 
UTS CenT>paolaT> cecmie : 

"Oiogat "Oia peace mbtiatma 

OafffotgM a qxiT>e, 

Cat a n"Ofiomaib "Oerxstiaise 

ba T>e TJO cep, TTlccj TTli'6e. 

]ct. u. "Oubeac CCb CCijvomactia qmeuic. 
]ct. ui. Cfme-p "Oafierica Citte Stebe Cuitmn, quae 
TDomnne, CCnmne ^anaco pofi:ea nommaca efc. 
Ct. un. Com^att benncaifi nacuf efu. 
Ct. 11. Cam nee CCchaiT bo nar;uf eft:. 
Ct. 111. Contae'D Bfpog Citte T)an.a quieuiT% 
Ct. 1111. bettum "Oerna a nt)fiomai15 brieg m quo 
ceciTMt; CCfiT)5at mac Conaitt Cp-emramne mic "Nett. 
Tllui|icep,t:ac mac Gapca, ec Cot^a mac Ctoi^e, mic 
Cpumn, mic pe-btimi-b, Hi CCippatt, uiccofief 
bun mac bn.onai obiic. Cotam Citte 
quibuf -Dictum efc : 

^em caoin Chotaim ap, 
CCmu 6f CiiunT) olaicch ; 
Ipofi aon tit ni ficro 
bdf ban buatiaij mic bfionaij. 

nals of Ulster, which have Dubtach's 
obit at the latter date. 

8 Kal. vi. Corrected to 2 by O'Fla- 
herty, who considers 518 to be the 
proper year. The ferial for 514 is iv. 

4 Sanatho. This word is probably 
corrupt. Its meaning is obscure. For 
the various names applied to Darerca, 
or Moninne, see Duffus Hardy's Cat. 
of Brit. Hist., VoL I., Pt I., p. 94, sq. 

6 Comgall. "Natus, Kal. Ja. 1." 
Marg. note by O'F. ; indicating that 
Comgall was born in the year 517, 
according to his opinion. 

6 Kal ii. O'Flaherty corrects this 
to "Kal. 3," answering to the year 
519, which he considers the year of 
Cainnech's birth. 

1 Droma Dergaighe. 
T)eT>5T lai 5 e "( Dromai1 ' ) h Dergraighe), 
abl. pL of ""Dyiuim "Oetisyiaige," 
recte "Ojitnm "Deyigaige, as it occurs 
six lines before. O'Flaherty adds in 

the margin, " 508, Fia filius 

Nielli." The note refers to the battle 
recorded above under the year 505. 
The battle here alluded to is entered 
in the Annals of the Four Masters 
under the year 507=508; but the 
Annals of Ulster state that it was 
fought in 515 "vel 516." 

Kal. v. Over the ferial in the 
text O'Flaherty has written the num- 
ber 3, the latter being the ferial 
number answering to the year 513 of 
the Common Era, or 512 of the An- 



Battle of Druim Dergaighe gained over Foilge Berraidhe A.D. 
by Fiachaidh, son of Niall, on account of which the plain 
of Midhe was taken from the Lagenians, as Cendfaeladh 
sang : 

The seven years' vengeance of God 

It was that tamed his heart ; 

The battle in the Droma Dergaighe 1 

By it the plain of Midhe was lost. 

Kal. 2 v. Dubtach, Abbot of Ardmacha, quievit. [513.] 

Kal. 3i vi. Quies of Darerca, of Cill-Slebhe-Cuilinn, who [514.] 
was afterwards called Moninne, Aninne Sanatho. 4 

Kal. vii. Comgall, 5 of Bennchair, born. [515.] 

Kal. 6 ii. Cainnech, of Achadh B6, born. [516.] 

Kal. 7 iii. Conlaedh, Bishop of Gill Dara, quievit. 8 [ 517 

Kal. iv. Battle of Detna, in Droma-Bregh, 9 in which [518.] 
fell Ardgal, son of Conall Crimhthann, son of Niall. 
Muircertach Mac Earca, and Colga, son of Cloith, 10 son of 
Crunn, son of Fedhlimidh, King of Airghiall, were the 
victors. Buti, son of Bronach, died, 11 and Colum Cille 
was born, of whom was said 12 : 

The gentle hirth of Colum, our cleric, 

To-day over nohle Erinn ; 

On the same day occurred no arrogant saying 

The bright, victorious death of the son of Bronach. 

7 Kal. iii. The same annotator 
adds " Kal. 4," which answers to the 
year 520. The death of Conlaedh is 
recorded in the Annals of Ulster 
under the year 519, equaj to 520 of 
the Common Era. The ferial for 517 
is i, and for 518, ii. 

8 Quievit. q , A. ; oeg ("died"), B. 

9 In Droma-Bregh. a n*OfU>mai6 
bfieg, A.; an bfieg, B., in which 
the word "Ofvomcnb has been trans- 
ferred to a preceding line, by mistake. 

10 San of Cloith. TT1 ocloice (Mo- 
cloithe), A., which O'Flaherty has 

altered to mac Cloice (Mac Cloithe, 
or son of Cloith). The Four Masters 
have mac Loic (son of Loit). 

" Died. O'Flaherty adds, "522, 
sc[ilicet] die quo S. Col. natus est." 
For the year of St. Colum Cille's 
birth, see Reeves' Adamnan, p. Ixix., n. 

12 Said. The character ft., for 
fiann, a verse, is written in the marg. 
in A. The stanza which follows is 
from the Felire, or Festology, of 
.iEngus Cele De", a very ancient copy 
of which is preserved in the MS. Land, 
610, Bodleian Library ; and another 
in the Leabhar Breac, in the collection 
of the Royal Irish Academy. 


cuoNicum scotxmmn. 

CCilill CCb CCifvo maca -Dopmiuic. beoiT) Gppog 
Capna quieuic. 
jet. u. 

}ct. hopmipca papa quieuu;, cm pucceppic lohannep 
Papa .111. anrnp. 
Ct. 11. 
Ct. 111. 

Ct. *Oopmicacio Sancrxte bpipTjae, Ixxx.un. aecatip 
puae, uet locxun . tic atii -oicunc. 
loan 11 ep papa quietus. 

jet. 1111. TTlopp UlaiiTD mic "Dunlain^ Hi Lai|en. 
Ca Luacpa jiia Copp pop Uip Melt, DG quo 7>ici:um 

Ccrc IOTITI l/tiaqia oaf anuctf, 
CC-ocef binpT) ni pjic ^dtf ; 
planticlicrc pionnabpac ba 
Um copp lollamT) lap, mbdf . 
'Ct. u. 

Ct. in. ^en Caetnan Opicc. 
Ct. un. 

Ct. 11. Ca Cin-oeic er; cac CCcha 8156 pop. 
TTluipcepcac mac Sapca uicr;op epxrc. 
"jet. 111. 

]ct. 1111. Car ebtmne p,ia TTIuipcepcac mac Gapca, 
ec ca6 TTlui|e CCilbe pop Lai|naiB, ocup ca^ CCi^ne pop 

1 Slept, i.e. died. The note " 526, 
Ussr. (Ussher)," appears in the mar- 
gin in O'F.'s handwriting. The ferias 
for the five following years are very 

2 Bishop. 6pp., A.; Oapcop, B. 

Quievit. q. for cfuieuic, A. ; -065 
(died), B. 

4 Hormisdas. TloTfimipca, A. B. 
"523, obiit, 6 Augt. ; 12 Angt. 
creatus S. Joannes;" marg. note in 
O'F.'s handwriting. 

6 John. Ihoanef, A. B. 

6 Dormilalio ; i.e. death. A mar- 

ginal note by O'Flaherty reads, "523, 
Kal. Febr. fer. 4" (i.e. 523, the first of 
February on a Wednesday), which 
would accord with the criteria for the 
year of Brjgid's death given at the 
year 439, ante. 

7 The 87th. txxxun., A. ; cor- 
rected to 84 by O'Flaherty. B. reads 
l/xxxnu. (84). 

8 Illann. O'Flaherty writes in 
the marg., "R. L. (Rex Lageniae), 
507, Dungall. An. ; 523, Tigr. (Tiger- 
nach)." The entry is found in the 
Annals of Donegal, or the Four Mas- 
ters, at the year 506 of their reckon- 
ing. The feriae from this down to 



Ailill, Abbot of Ardmacha, slept. 1 Beoid, Bishop 2 of 
Ardcarna, rested. 3 

Kal. v. 

Kal. Pope Hormisdas 4 quievit, to whom succeeded 
Pope John, 5 who ruled three years. 

Kal. ii. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. Dormitatio 6 of Saint Brigid, in the 87th 7 year 
of her age, or 77th, as some assert. 

Pope John quievit. 

Kal. iv. Death of Illann, 8 son of Dunlaing, King of 
Laighen. The battle of Luachair gained by Coirpre 9 
over the Uibh Neill, of which was said : 

The fierce battle of Luachair, over head, downwards, 
Brigid saw ; no fruitless miracle ; 
The bloody battle of Finnabhair was noble, 
About the body of Illann after death. 

Kal. v. 

Kal. vi. Birth of Caeman Brec. 10 

Kal. vii. 

Kal. ii. The battle of Cenn-eich 11 . and the battle of 
Ath-Sighe gained over the Lagenians. Muircertach 
Mac Earca was the victor. 

Kal. iii. 

Kal. 12 iv. The battle of Ebhlinn gained by Muircer- 
tach Mac Earca, and the battle of Magh Ailbhe, over the 
Lagenians ; and the battle of Aidhne over the men of 

the year 535 run on in regular 
sequence, but they are one year in 
advance of the series of years repre- 
sented by the number of "Kal." in 
this Chronicle. 

9 Coirpre. Cofip, A. and B., the sign 
of abbreviation over the word being, 
doubtless, omitted. The name in 
Tigernach is Cairpre; but the Four 
Masters have Cucorb. 

10 Caeman Brec. "529, Ussr. 
(Ussher), Kal. Ja. 2 ;" marg. note by 

11 Cenn-eich. A marginal note by 
O'Flaherty reads, "530, Cod. Cl. 
(Codex Cluanensis') ; 532 ; Diocle. 
aerae 248, Lampadii et Orestis Pro 
Consulatu, Cinneich et Athsighe 
praelia, supra, fol. 10, b." The re- 
ference is to the copy of Tigernach 
bound up with MS. A., in which the 
annotator had made a similar entry, 
now partly destroyed. 

" Kal. iv. The date " 533, Kal. 
Ja. 7," has been noted in the margin 
by O'F. 








Connachra, octi^ ca CClniaine, ocuf car; dnneic pop, 
Lai^naiB, ocuf oyicain na Clmc, in uno anno, T>e quibuf 
CenDpaoUro cecmic : 

Cat Cin-o eic, cat CCtmame, 
Oa aimpifi aifvoiftc aimjie, 
On-jain tia ccliac, cat CCnane, 
Or cat TTIaige CCilbe. 

|Ct. u. Oa'oa'D 1Tlui|ice|iT:ai5 mic Gayica a txelcuma 
pi'ona, ec a lofcca^, er; a gum, aif>che Samna a mullac 
uaf bomn, uc Diccum efc a Sancro Caif\necho: 

1f am oman an, m benn 
1ma tuai-opea itafi Sin ; 
CCfian pen- toif5pit)en- 
POJX caeb Cleidg bai-opt) p'on. 

Sin an ben fio mafib chu, 
CC TTltc Oa|\ca man, a-ochiu ; 
bit) lonroa a hanmanna abu^, 
Ctufipt) nee pofi aineoltif . 

Wi hiomain an ben 
THanaT) comainm 8ion ; 
TTlo'oaij an Ri loifgpep ren, 

an Ri mac Cafica 

qxica i cen. 

i Immersed, bcrocro 
caij; lit. "the drowning of Muir- 
certach." The passage lit. trans- 
lated would read, " the drowning of 
Muircertach Mac Earca in a vat of 
wine, and his burning, and his 
[mortalj wounding." O'Flaherty has 

noted the date "534, prid. Kal. Nov." 
(the day before the Kalends of No- 
vember), i.e. November eve (in Irish, 
anache -Samna, as in the text). He 
also adds, "532, KaL J. 5; 533, K. 
Ja. 7; 534, Kl. 1." 

* S'm; pron. Sheen. A fairy wo- 



Connacht; and the battle of Almhain and battle of A.D. 
Cenn-eich over the Lagenians ; and the plunder of the [530!] 
Cliachs all in one year, of which Cendfaeladh sang : 

The battle of Cenn-eich ; the battle of Almhain ; 
It was an illustrious, famous period ; 
The devastation of the Cliachs ; the battle of Aidhne ; 
And the battle of Magh Ailbhe. 

Kal. v. Muircertach Mac Earca immersed 1 in a vat of [531.] 
wine, and burnt and [mortally] wounded, on the night of 
Samhain, on the summit of Cleitech, over the Boyne, as 
was said by Saint Cairnech : 

I am fearful of the woman 

Bound whom many storms shall move ; 

For the man who shall be burned 

On the side of Cleitech, wine shall drown. 

Sin 8 is the woman that killed thee, 
0, Mac Earca, as I perceive ; 
Numerous will her names be here 
She will set one astray. 

Not beloved is the woman 

Whose name is Sin ; 

As for the King, fire shall burn him, 

In the house of Cleitech wine shall drown him. 

The King, Mac Erca, returns 8 
To the side of the Ui Neill ; 
Blood reaches girdles in the plain ; 
Territories increase afar. 

man; for an account of whom see 
O'Donovan's ed. of the Annals of the 
Four Masters, p. 173, 11. b . 
3 Returns. This stanza and the 

next are attributed to Cendfaeladh, 
in a valuable tract on the exploits of 
Muircertach Mac Erca, contained in 
the Book of Lecan, fol. 67, b 2. 


O fecr pejiaif naoi ccajipce, 
1f bii> cian buf ctm'ian ; 
"Do befit gmlla leif Ud Hell 
La pallaib triaige flluTnan. 

8ion -Dixie 05 inT>ip a hanmann : 

OfTiat), 6rnaT>, Sin gan ail, 
5ec gajib, ec ^ema-Dhaij, 
Ocfoti lachcat), ficro ^an 5001 
1ce tnanmanTja a|i aen caof. 

CCilt5e Imleca 
cb tin. 'Cucrcat 


anmf .xi. 

pecccrcoyi Pfiefpirefi Cancel pcrc|iicii T)ifci- 
putuf m t)OTnino falucem. 

]ct. 1. bellum Luac|ia TTloi|ie 
"Cuacal TH aelsafit) -poyi Ciannacr. 

Ct. 11. CCibll CCb CCfi-Da TTlacha, 

Ct. 111. Mcrciuicaf Oaoi^me -oalra Colon m Cille. 



Ct. u. 
mac Ceyibaill oc cofnam 

Oetlum Claenlocha in quo CGCIDIC TTlaine 

tJa TTlame Connachu 

1 Seven times, po pecc, A. ; B. 
incorrectly reads pop ectc. 

* Nine battles, naoi ccccyvpce, A. 
and B. Over the word ccayipce in 
A. the orig. scribe writes " t ccaca" 
(no ccccta, or battles), which is, 
doubtless, the correct reading; the 
words naoi ccaytpce meaning " nine 
chariots ;" although in the Book of 
Lecan (fol. 67, b.) they are repre- 
sented as signifying nine men; the 
line as in the text being glossed, 
.1. note cap,baiT> po .1111. |u> map^b, 
i.e. "seven times nine Carbads he 

Names. These names are all 

figurative: Osnadh meaning a sigh; 
Esnadh, music; Sin, storm; Gaeth 
garbh, rough wind ; Gemadhaigh, 
wintry ; Ochsadh, a groan ; Tachtadh, 
lamentation. See 'Donovan's note 
on the subject, Annals of the Four 
Masters, A.D. 527, n. J . This stanza 
is apparently quoted from a very an- 
cient and romantic Irish tale, called 
"CCi-oe-o 1T)uip,cep.cai5 mic C^ica" 
(" Death of Muirc. mic Erca") ; a 
copy of which is contained in a four- 
teenth century MS. in the Library of 
Trin. Coll., Dublin ; class H. 2, 16. 

4 Quievlt. O'Flaherty adds in the 
marg., " 527, Ussr. ;" but Ailbhe's 


Seven times' he fights nine battles,- A.D. 

And long shall it be remembered ; 

He carried off the hostages of the Ui Neill, 

With the hostages of the plain of Mumhan. 

Sin said, recounting her names 3 : 

Osnadh, Esnadh, Sin without blemish, 

Gaeth garbh, and Gemadhaigh, 

Ochsadh, lachtadh a saying without falsehood 

These are my names in every way. 

Ailbhe, of Imlech Ibhair, quievit. 4 

Kal. vii. Tuathal Maelgarbh 5 reigned eleven years. [532.] 

Dormitatio of Saint Mochta, disciple of Patrick, on the 
16th of the Kalends of September, as 6 he wrote in his 
epistle, 7 "Mochta, a sinner, Presbyter, disciple of Saint 
Patrick, sends greeting in the Lord." 

Kal. i. The battle of Luachair-m<5r edir-da-Inbher 8 [533.] 
gained by Tuathal Maelgarbh over the Ciannachta. 

Kal. ii. Ailill, Abbot of Ardmacha, quievit. 9 [534.] 

Kal. iii. Birth of Baeithin, foster son of Colum Cille. [535.] 



Kal. v. The battle of Claenloch, in which Maine, son [538.] 
of Cerbhall, was slain, defending the hostages of the Ui 

obit is entered in Ussher's Index 
Chron. at the year 526. 

Tuathal Maelgarbh. The note 
"jii &yx," for fii C^ienn (King of 
Erinn), appears in the marg. in the 
orig. hand. A mutilated note by 
O'Flaherty reads, "533, K. . . . B. 

Litera " The ferial number 

" vii." answers to the year 533. 

6 As. f 1C, for sicut, A. ; pic, B. 

1 1n his epistle, epif cola f , A. ; 

epipcoia f aqxo, B. 

8 Lttachair-mor edir-da-Inbher ; i.e. 
" the great rushy plain between two 
streams, or estuaries." See Index. 
The dates, "535, Cod. Cl." (Codex 
Cluanensis), and "534, Kal. J[an. 
1]," have been added in the margin 
by O'F. 

9 Quievit. A note in the marg. 
by O'F., partially destroyed, reads 
" . . . . obiit, Ussr., .... Kal. 2." 
Ussher (Index Chron.} refers Ailill's 
death to the year 536, in which the 
first of January fell on a Tuesday. 


cnoNictirn 3001:01111111. 

oit5nerm [mac Conaill] yii o ppacfiac CCiftne 

]ct. ui. 

Ct. un. Wan wrap ^fie^oyiii papae. 
Ct. 1. YTlonraticap mapia quae belepe -oicmjn., m 
qua 1T)oBi Claifimec cm nomen epc bejican pfioyxeccano 
poerae pen-iit;. 

|ct. CCilbe Sencua hua nCCibUa qwewc. 

]ct. Car;h "Gonran nia taignaiB m quo ceci-oic mac 
Gjica (a quo Pfi Cefia), mic CCiblla TTluilT:, mic "Oari. 
bettum SUp^e m quo ceciT^t; eoghan bel Hi Connacc. 
Peyi^uf ocuf "Oomndtt, -oa mac mic e^ica, ocuf CCmmi|ie 
mac Senna, ocuf "Nin-Di^ mac T)uac uiccofie^ [ejianc] : 

cat tia 

La peiT\-5 aotiaifi cafi im bel ; 
budn. namaT) ^|ii flega, 
an cat i CfiinT)ep,. 

CCyi celc Sligec T)O nntiifi mdn. 
Puile pen- lia pe6it ; 
ben.rai-0 iolaij ran. eba 
1m cent) Oogain beoil. 

Bpifcopuf Con-oeiie, 

1 Son of Corutll. The words "mac 
Conaill" have been interpolated by 
CTFlaherty, who adds "fol. 10, b.," 
referring to the copy of Tigernach in 
the same volume, where the inter- 
polated words occur. The original 
writer notes the year of the Indiction, 
"irntnum nvoic," for " Initium In- 
dictionis." The year 538 was the 
first of the Indiction, so that the 
Chronology seems to be correct, al- 
though the ferial number (v) would 
indicate this to be the year 537. 
But the feriae are very confusedly 

noted here, and do not at all follow the 
sequence of " Kal.," or years. Some 
other criteria traced in the margin 
are illegible. 

8 In which, in aq, A. ; a mistake 

for in cftia. 

s "Prorectano poetce;" obviously 
a corruption. In a tract on the 
Genealogies of the Irish Saints, pre- 
served in the Book of Lecan, Mobhi 
Clairinech, or Berchan, is described 
(fol. 52 a, col. 5) as " Profans, Eps. 
(Episcopus) et poeta;" the word "pro- 



Maine of Connacht. Goibhnenn [son of Conall], 1 King of 
Ui Fiacrach Aidhne, was the victor. 

Kal vi. 

Kal. vii. Birth of Pope Gregory. 

KaL i. A great mortality which is called Belefeth, in 
which 2 Mobhi Clairinech, whose name is Bercan, "pro- 
rectano poetse," 3 perished. 

Kal. Ailbhe, of Senchua Ua nAililla, quievit. 4 

Kal. The battle of Tortan gained by the Lagenians, 
in which fell Mac Erca (from whom are the Fir Cera), 5 
son of Ailill Molt, son of Dathi. The battle of Sligech, 6 
in which Eoghan Bel, King of Connacht, was slain. 
Fergus and Domhnall, two sons of Mac Erca; and 
Ainmire, son of Senna ; and Nindigh, son of Duach, were 
the victors : 

The battle of Ui Fiachrach is fought, 
With the fury of edged weapons, against Bel ; 
The enemy's kine roar at lances ; 
The battle is spread out at Grinder ; 

The Sligech bears to the great sea 
The blood of men, with their flesh ; 7 
Trophies are carried across Ebha, 
"With the head of Eoghan Bel. 

Lughaidh, Bishop of Condere, quievit. 





fans" being probably intended as an 
abbrev. for "Profetans," or " Prophet- 
ans;" nnd in the copy of the same tract 
in the Book of Ballymote, the expres- 
sion is " Propheta, Eps. (Episcopus) 
et poeta. " Tigernach reads " befican 

* Quievit. 'Flaherty adds the 
date, " [54]6, A.D.," in the margin. 
The '* Dungallenses Annales" (Annals 
of the Four Masters) contain the obit 
of Ailbhe at the year 545. 

5 From whom are the Fir Cera. 
cc quo PIJI Cejxa, A. Interlineation 
in original hand. Omitted in B. 

6 Sligech. "538, Sligo Praelinm, 
D. A. ;" note by O'F. in margin. The 
battle of Sligech, or Sligo, is entered 
in the Donegal Annals (or the Annals 
of the Four Masters, by which name 
they are better known) under the 
year 537 of their reckoning. 

^ With their flesli. " lm pe<5i V A. 
B. incorrectly reads "tiat petfit." 



jet. u. TAioml TTIaetsan.?), mac Con.maic caoic, mic 
Coifipfie, mic Neitl, Ui "Gemjiac -oe^ o gum rnaoilmoifi 
hu mac hi, qui ec ipye -pcacim occifUf efr, un^e T>iciT;ufi 
echt; TYlaoitmoifi. Cfuiep mic Cuibiro ocuf O' o 
Lerfiacha. ThcennaT) CCmbacuc a naonac 'GaitVcenn 
pen. tnnr;uT;em 8ancn dajiam .1. tuiT>e ein r>o fiat) po 
taim gufi gap allfi -p ! 1 a mtimel, un. anmf uiuuy 
manfit; apur* monacof. 

Ciafidn TTlo|i mac an rpaifi quietus, ocaracin . anno 
aerarif fuae ; menfif aurem feprimo pofcquam 
Cluam muc Kloip confcp.ue|ie coepir. beoiT* amm 
aran. Ciapdm, ec T)a|iea|ica amm a macaji, -pcuc 

"Octfiefica mo mcrchai|i 
"Mi oft bo barifgdt otc 
beoiT) an f dofi matai^ 
O Lataitm TTlotu. 

mac Cep-baill fie^nafie mcipic ; mac 
mash an. *DO "OiafimaiT) mac Ceyibailt TTlaetmop- 

}ct. 'Ci^efinac mac Coifipyie, Gpfcop Cluana eoif, 

Ct. un. 
Ct. u. 
Ct 111. 
Ct. 1111. 

1 A wound inflicted by Maelmor. 
6 gum TTlaoitnioiTi; lit "from 
the wound of Maelmor." The date 
" 543, Kal. 5," has been noted in the 
margin by OTlaherty. 

8 Who also, q 7, A., for qui ec 
(qui et). B. reads "-065" (died), 
the transcriber having understood 

the "q 7" as representing the word 
quiet (rectd quievit). 

8 Alive. In the Dublin copy of 
the Annals of Inisfallen it is stated 
that Saint Ciaran took Ambacuc to 

Cluain-muc-Nois to be cured, and that 
the latter lived there six years. The 
word "ingncrD" (wonder) is written in 
the margin, in the original hand. The 
event forms one of the " Wonders of 
Ireland," a list of which has been 
published by the Rev. Dr. Todd in 
his ed. of the Irish Nenniw, p. 207. 

4 Ciaran. " S. Kieranus obiit A. 
549, set. 33." Marg. note in O'Fla- 
herty's handwriting. His birth is 
recorded above under the year 612. 

6 After, pcfuam for postquam, 
A. ; " Preterquam," B. 


Kal v. Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of Cormac Caech, son A.D. 
of Coirpre, son of Niall, King of Temhair, died from [544.] 
a wound inflicted by Maelmor 1 Ua Machi, who also 2 
was forthwith slain himself. Hence is said "the feat 
of Maelmor." Quies of Mac Cuilind, and of Odhran from 
Letracha. The decapitation of Ambacue at the Fair of 
Taillten, through the power of Saint Ciaran, viz. : a 
false oath he swore by the Saint' 8 hand, so that a gan- 
grene settled on his neck. Seven years he remained 
alive 3 with the Monks. 

Ciaran 4 the Great, son of the Carpenter, quievit in the 
33rd year of his age ; in the seventh month, also, after 5 he 
began to build Cluain-muc-Nois. Beoid was the name of 
Ciaran's father, and Darerca the name of his mother, as 
he himself said : 

Darerca was my mother ; 
She- was not an evil woman ; 
Beoid, the carpenter, was my father ; 
He was of the Latharna Molt. 

Diannaid 6 Mac Cerbhaill begins to reign. Maelmor was 
a son of Diarmaid's mother. 

Kal. Tigernach, Bishop of Cluain-eois, quievit. 7 [545.] 

Kal. vik 8 

Kal. v. 

Kal. iii. 


Diarmaid. The note ju C^v, for 
fii dpenn (King of Erinn), ap- 
pears in the marg. The year 544 
has been added by O'F. The ferial 
should be vi. 

' Quievit. O'Flaherty adds the 
note "550, Usst. r " to signify that 
Tigernach's death is referred by 
Ussher to that year. 

8 Kal viL This and the four 
"KL" which follow (the feria? for 
which should be, respectively, ii, iii, 

iv, vi, and vii,.) are written in two 
lines, opposite to which, in the mar- 
gin, is the original entry, "bee 
njccc"0e pfu>i?ecaTi.e (pjiophecajve) 
incipic," "Bee Mac De prophetare 
incipit;" but as no mark of refer- 
ence appears hi the body of the work, 
it is uncertain under which of the 
five "EL" it should be entered. 
O'Flaherty adds the date 545, seem- 
ingly in connexion with the entry. 
See note ', p. 50. 




]ct. u. bellum Cuile Conain.e, a Cepa, m quo ceci-oe- 
fiunt; Oibll 1nbcmT>a, mac Gogam, Hi Connect;, ocuy 
CCoi) popxaniail a bfiacain.. Peyi^up ocup T)omnall, T)a 
mac mic Gfica, uiccofiep efianr. 

Jet. ui. TYloficali^ap mapia .1. an Cfiom ConaiU, m 
qua ift;i 8ancci paupauejiunc .1. mnian .1. Cluana 
Ifiain/o, mac hu T3helluit>, ocuf Cotam mac Cjumtdin'o, 
Colam 1nnfi Cealrp,a, 8incelt mac Cenanain, CCbb Cille 
CCiciT> "Otiomaca, ocuf mac 'Cail Cille CuiUinn, qut 
n om in ami p. Oo^an mac 

]ct. 1. bellum Cuillne ubi ceciT>e|iunr; Cojico ce 
TTluman pep ojianonem 1rae Cluana CjieaDan. TTIopf 
Pocai-o mic Conaill. 

|Ct. 11. Tnop,f Gachach mic Conlai-o, Hi Ula'D, a quo 
hua 6cach Ula'D naci func. 

TTloiif bic mic T)e Pfiopherae. 

]ct. 111. Matnuiraf TTlolua mic hui Oce. 

Pefi:if quae uocacun. 

]ct. u. Cacba-b mac 
c mo . .1. anno aecaci-p -puae 

tli^ibuf papa quieuic. 

kt. ui. 

]Ct. Occifio "Pefi^na hui Ib-oaig, Hi Ula'5, a ccac 

Opfcop CCcai-o Cumn, 

*0p.oma Clei^e, la "Oeman mac Caijiill ocuf la huib 
Ocac CCfi7>a. 

i Cuil Conaire. The date "545" 
has been noted in the margin by 
O'Flaherty; but it is uncertain 
whether it refers to this entry or to 
the event regarding Bee Mac De, 
noticed in note 8 , p. 49. 

8 Fell, cecroic, A. B. ; a mistake, 
doubtless, for cecn>e|itmc. 

Crom Conaill. The original 
writer adds in the marg., " .1. m 
bui-oi Conaibt" ("t.e. the Bnidhe 
Conaill"). O'Flaherty adds the date 
"550, B. 7," and over the ferial he 

writes, "Tigr., 7," implying that 
the Crom Conaill is recorded in Tiger- 
nach at the year 550, the Uom. letter 
for which is B. 

* Finnian, i.e. of Cluain-iraird. 
The words Clucma Ifxaiyvo (gen. of 
Ctuam liiaifiT)) are written over the 
name Finnian in the orig. as a gloss. 
B. reads "pccupauefuinc i Cluain 
Ifiaifvo" (pausaverunt in Cluain- 
iraird), as if they all died in Cluain- 
iraird (Clonard); but this is an in- 
correct reading, 



8 Ua Thelluibh. tin 'CelttntJ, 
A. B. ; tin "GeM/mnG and Tli "Celt- 
otiib in other authorities. 

6 The Corco-Che were slain; i.e. a 
number of the Corco-Che, or Corca- 
Oche, a Munster tribe. A. and B. read 
ceci7>irj, in mistake for ceciT>efumc. 

7 Cluain Creadan. Written Cluain- 
Creadal in other authorities, and infra 
under the year 571. 

8 Eochaidh. A marg. note in the 
orig. hand has "fV. u," for "ftl 

" (King of Uladh). O'Flaherty 

adds "ji. u. (Rex Ultonias), 550." 
The obit is entered in the Four 
Masters under the year 549; which 
is the year 550 according to O'F.'s 

9 Vigilius. In the marg. O'FIaherty 
also adds the date "555, C. 6," 
which is the proper year. The chro- 
nology of this chronicle seems, there- 
fore, to be correct at this period ; but 
the ferite for the years 551 to 555, 
inclusive, should be i, ii, iv, v, and 
vi, respectively. 


Kal. v. The battle of Cuil Conaire, 1 in Cera, in which A.D. 
Ailill Inbhanda, son of Eoghan, King of Connacht, and [550.] 
Aedh Fortamhail, his brother, fell. 2 Fergus and Domhnall, 
two sons of Mac Erca, were the victors. 

Kal. vi. A great mortality, i.e. the Crom Conaill, 3 f 651 -] 
in which these Saints died, viz., Finnian (i.e. of Cluain- 
iraird 4 ), son of Ua Thelluibh ; 5 and Colum Mac Crimthainn; 
Colum of Inis Celtra ; Sinchell, son of Cenanan, Abbot of 
Cill-Achaidh-Drom[a f ]ata ; and Mac Tail of Cill-Cuillinn, 
who is called Eoghan son of Corcran. 

Kal. i. The battle of Cuillne, in which the Corco-che 6 C 552 -] 
of Mumhan fell, through the prayer of Ita, of Cluain 
Creadan. 7 Death of Fothadh, son of Conall. 

Kal. ii. Death of Eochaidh, 8 son of Conlaedh, King of [553.] 
Uladh, from whom the Ui Echach Uladh are descended. 

Death of the prophet Bee Mac De. 

KaL iii. Birth of Molua Mac Ui Oehe. [554.] 

The plague which is called the Samhtrusg. 

Kal. v. Cathbadh, son of Fergus, Bishop of Achadh [555.] 
Cuinn, in the 150th year of his age, quievit. 

Pope Vigilius 9 quievit. 

Kal. vi. 

Kal. The slaying of Fergna Ua Ibdaigh, King of [557.] 
Uladh, in the battle of Druim Cleithe, by Deman, son of 
Cairell, and the Ui Echach Arda. 

Nessan, the leper, quievit. 



let. 1. lusulacio Colmam TTloip mic k OiapmaT>a m 
cuppu fuo 6 "Oubftoir; hu T^pena. Gcctepia benncaip 
pum>crca ept. 

let. bpenainn ecclepiam Cluana epca pin-oatnc: 

gabaif mac h til Olcai, 
bpenam-o 50 tfon a beccat, 
CCchc maf fep-p, roeff a t>e 
fin co fe Clucnn peficai. 

CCi^cenyto bfienaim) m cufifiu fuo in aeyiem. 

let. Coena pof^jiema .1. "Cemfia, la 'Oiafimai'o TTlac 
Cejibaill. TTlo|if ^b|idin rmc "Ooman^oifit:, Hi CClban. 
T!;ei^eT T)albcmcot15 |iia TTibp-uise mac TDaelicon Hi 
Cfitnfmec. lu^utacto Co|nidm mic CCe-oa nnc 6chach, 
Hi Connacc, ta "OiajunaiT) mac Ceyibaitt, ap, cumaifice 
Colaim Ctlle, ec af aifie fin rucca^ cac Cutle "Ofvemne. 

let. bellum Cuite T>tieimne .1. i cincu, pop, "OmjimaiT) 
mac Cejibaill. Pe^uf ocuf "Oomnatl, 7>a mac mic 
Sfica, ocuf CCmmifie mac 8enna, ocuf "Nm-ois mac 
"Ouacfl, ocuf CCo'5 mac 6acac "diimcaiina, Ri Connacc, 
, pep, opanonem Cotaim Cille, - 


Ciot) tmc 'Dingba an cia, 
"Ouf anepmaifmff a tin 
CCn cfluaij DO boing bp,eca tiin. 

Sttiaj "DO cing cnximceatt Caip,n 
1f mac am|e nof -otif maip,n ; 
CCfe mo -op-ui nimep,a 
TTIac "Oe if pnne congena. 

1 Chwch ofBennchair. This entry, 
which in A. is written over the entry 
immediately succeeding, is not in B. 
The event is twice recorded in the 
Annals of Ulster, viz., at the year 
554=555, and again at the year 558 
= 559. 

Cluain-Ferta. O'Flaherty adds 
the date " 554, D. 5," in the marg. 

8 Feast. Caencc, A.B. O'Flaherty 

has added the date (560) in the 

* For transgressions, i cintti ; i.e. 
for Diannaid's transgressions against 
Golum Cille. See next note. 

8 Has taktn judgment from us. "Do 
Wing bjieca T>in- This expression 
is probably in allusion to the judg- 
ment stated to have been pronounced 
by King Diarmaid against St. Colum 



Kal. i. Murder of Colman M<5r, son of Diarmaid, A.D. 
in his chariot, by Dubhsloit Ua Trena. The church of [553!] 
Bennchair 1 was founded. 

Kal. Brenainn founded the church of Cluain Ferta 2 : [559.] 

Since Mac Ua Eltai possessed it 

Brenainn, with all his perfections 

If not the better, not the worse therefor, 

From that time to this has Cluain Ferta been. 
Ascent of Brenainn in his chariot into the air. 
Kal. The last Feast, 3 i.e. of Temhair, celebrated by [560.] 
Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill. Death of Gabhran, son of 
Domangart, King of Alba. Flight of the men of Alba before 
Bruidhe, son of Maelcon, King of the Picts. Murder of 
Cornan, son of Aedh, son of Eochaidh, King of Connacht, 
by Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill, against the protection of 
Colum Cille ; and it was on that account the battle of 
Cuil Dremne was fought. 

Kal. The battle of Cuil Dremne, i.e. for transgressions, 4 [561.] 
was gained over Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill. Fergus and 
Domhnall, the two sons of Mac Erca ; and Ainmire, son of 
Senna ; and Ninnidh, son of Duach ; and Aedh, son of 
Eochaidh Tirmcarna, King of Connacht, were the victors, 
through the prayer of Colum Cille, saying : 

0, God! 

Why dost thou not ward off the mist, 

That we might reckon the number 

Of the host which has taken judgment* from us. 

A host that marches around a Cairn, 

And a son of storm that betray us ; 

My druid he will not refuse me 6 is 

The Son of God ; with us 7 He will act. 

Cille, respecting the transcript which 
the latter had secretly made of a 
copy of the Gospels belonging to St. 
Finnian, of Magh Bile. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 248. 

6 He mil not refuse me. nimeficc. 
Over the letter ji the orig. hand has 

written "t I" ("or I"), signifying 
that the expression should probably 
be " TUTneUi," which would mean 
"He will not betray me." 

i With us. i| pinne, A. B. ; the 
word "pinne" being probably a mis- 
take for " 


CCp exlamn pepuf allucrD 

1 1 . 

a, aeja p,epin fu 
O la baoTjdn puilc bunte 
Oeyiai'6 a hepen ptnp,p,e. 

Ppaecan mac "Cenupan ap e TJO fiat) an epbe n-opua-o 
DO "Oiap,maiT> mac Cepbailt. "Guacan mac Thmam, mic 
8apam, mic Copmaic, mic eoghain, ap e fio t<r5 an 
7>afia cenn. TTlaglaine \io cin^ caifipi qui 

|ct. ui. Car Cuile humnfen-o a rae-ppa pop. T)iapmaiT 
mac Cepbaill p.ia nCCe-5 mac bpenamn Hi "Ceppa, in 
quo "Diap-mai-o ptipc. 

]ct. "Matn^arJio Coluim Cille aT> mpolam 1ae .xtn. 
anno ae^anp puae. 

Car TTlona T)aipe Loraip. pop CptnnechiB p,e huiB 
"Nell an cuaipppc, DU art:op.cpaTxap .un. pi Cpuicne, 
m CCe-5 mbpec. baecan mac Cum-o conruB CptnrniB 
no pig ppi Cpuicne, ocup dnet nGogain ocup Conaill no 
pigper. ConT>ucci mepce-oe na tea ocup CCp-oa 
oe quo Cennpaola-o cecimc : 

Si'tipit; paobaip, [pinpic] pp, 
1m THoin T>eip,5 "Ooip,e Cocaip,; 
CCt>bap, comp,anT>a naT> cep,c, 
.tut. 1115 Cp,uitnioc am CCot> mbp,ec. 

1 On him. piiflTie, lit " on her." 
The word jMiififxe has probably been 
put for pcnfl ("on him"), to rhyme 
with the last word of the preceding 
line. The meaning of the line is 
very obscure, and the translation con- 
jectural. There is, apparently, some 
corruption of the text. 

2 Alone wcu slain; i.e. of Colum 
Cille's people. 

8 Kal. vi. O'Flaherty has added 
the marg. note "561, Kal. Ja. 7." 
The ferial for 562 should be i. 

* Voyage. The dates "563," "562, 
Kal. i.," appear in the marg. in 
0' Flaherty's handwriting. 

6 The 42nrf. Colum Cille's birth 
is entered above under the year 518, 
the correct year being 521, as Dr. 
Reeves has shown ; Adamnan, pref. 
p. Ixix. See n. 8 , p. 65, infra. 



How grandly he bears his course 
Baedan's steed before the host ; 
Good for Baedan of the yellow hair, 
He will win his renown on him. 1 

Fraechan, son of Tenusan, it was that gave the 
druidical Erbhe to Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill. Tuatan, 
son of Diman, son of Saran, son of Cormac, son of Eoghan, 
was the person who placed the druidical Erbhe for his 
(Diarmaid's) sake; Mag Lainne that passed beyond it, 
who alone was slain. 2 

Kal. 3 vi. The battle of Cuil Uinnsend, in Teffia, 
gained over Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill by Aedh, son of 
Brenainn, King of Teffia, in which Diarmaid fled. 

Kal. L Voyage 4 of Colum Cille to the Island of Hi, in 
the 42nd 5 year of his age. 

Battle 6 of Moin-Daire-Lothair gained over the Cruithne 
by the Ui Neill of the North, in which seven kings of 
the Cruithne were slain, including Aedh mBrec. Baetan, 
son of Conn, with two Cruithne, that fought against the 
Cruithne ; and the Cinel nEoghain and [Cinel] Conaill, 
against whom the Cruithne fought, obtained the Lea and 
Arda Eolairg as a recompense ; of which Cennfaeladh 
sang : 

They stretch sharp weapons [they stretch 7 ] men 
Round the red Moin Daire Lothair 
The cause of an unjust partition 
Seven Cruithnian kings, with Aedh Brec. 




Battle. The note "L Kl." (for 
" vel Kal.") appears in the marg. in the 
orig. hand, signifying that another 
" Kal.," or year, should probably be 
introduced here ; but as the departure 
of Colum Cille for Hi and the battle 
of Moin-Daire-Lothair are entered 
under the same year in all the Irish 
Annals, and also referred to the same 

date by Adamnan ( Vita Sancti Co- 
lumbaj, ed. Reeves, p. 31), the interpo- 
lation suggested has not been adopted. 
1 Stretch. The text of this line is 
incomplete in A. and B. ; the word 
" rinpic" (they stretch) being omit- 
ted before the last word (pit 1 )- *' 
reads " piirpc paobaijx, 
pifi," in other copies of the poem. 


CRomcum scocouum. 

cot Cfitntne nule 

pctifi cot 5bj\a ^t^ 
OctJf cot Cuite "Ofiemne. 

ian, c 
ftafi im cntiaf nuac, 

, "Oomnall, OCinmijve, 
Octif Winni'6 mac "Ouac. 

"oct mac mic 
CCp, ceiro an cata c^n-oa 
an fii CCinmi|ie 
ap, f ellaib 

Ua piacjiac 

"jet. TDolaifi o T)aiTnmif 

]cb Occifio "Oia|iTnaT)a mic Ceyibaitl, a Raic bice 
.1. 6 CCo-o "Dup mac 8uibne CCfiai'&e .1. |ii Uta'5, ocup 
rucccr5 a ceiro co Cludin muc "Moif co ^o cronacc inure, 
ocuf |io hcronacT; a CotcntiT) hi CoTToe^, cui fucceffetiunc 
DUO pilii mic 6|ica .1. pe^Uf ocuf "Oomnatl. 

1n hoc anno capca efc an TTluipseilr; .1. Liban, mgen 
Gcac mic TTliiin.e'ba, pon. cn.acT> a tin beT)an mic 
1nnle, .1. laf^aifie Comgaill benncatji. Cfuief bpenamn 

]ct 1111. 

"Domnall tuc^ofief efianr. df "Oomnaitl mic TTlui|i- 
mic Sfica, ctn fucceffic (Xinmifie mac Senna. 
T)aimine mic Coifipjie 

1 Ninnidh. Incorrectly written 
MaitiniT> (Nainnidh) in A. and B. 

2 The same tattle; i.e. the battle of 
Gabhra Life ; not the battle of Moin- 
Daire-Lothair, as Dr. O'Connor states, 
Rer. Eib. Script., voL ii., p. 149. 

8 Kal. The numerals -oxxu. (525) 

are written in the margin, just before 
the "Kal.," in the original hand; 
but evidently in mistake for -olxu. 
(565), which is the proper year, as 
O'Flaherty has noted. The error here 
committed has been repeated at the 
years 566, 571, 594, 604, 605, 606, 
625, 626, and 628. 



The battle of all the Cruithne is fought, 
And Eilne is burnt ; 
The battle of Gabhra Life is fought, 
And the battle of Cul Dremhne. 

They bear off hostages after conflict, 
Thence westwards, with rich treasure 
Fergus, Domhnall, Ainmire, 
And Ninnidh, 1 son of Duach. 

The two sons of Mac Erca return 

To join in the same battle ; 9 

And the King, Ainmire, 

Returns into the possessions of Senna. 

Edan Ua Fiacrach quievit. 

Kal. Molaise of Daimhinis quievit. 

Kal. 3 Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill slain at Rath Bee, i.e. 
by Aedh Dubh, son of Suibhne Araidhe, viz., King 
of Uladh ; and his head was brought to Cluain-muc- 
Nois, and interred therein ; and his body was buried in 
Conner ; to whom succeeded the two sons of Mac Erca, 
viz., Fergus and Domhnall. 

In this year the Muirgeilt, i.e. Liban, daughter of 
Eochaidh Mac Muiredha, was caught on the strand of 
Ollarbha, in the net of Bedan, son of Innle, fisherman of 
Comgall of Bennchair. Quies of Brenainn, 4 of Birr. 

Kal. 5 iv. Battle of Gabhra Life gained over the 
Lagenians. Fergus and Domhnall were the jvictors. 
Death of Domhnall, son of Muircertach Mac Erca, to 
whom succeeded Ainmire, son of Senna. Death of 
Daimhin, son of Coirpre Damhargaid. 6 





* Brenainn. His obit is again re- 
corded under the year 573. 

Kal iv. The date -oxxtn. (526) 
appears in the marg. in the orig. 
hand; but the year -olxui. (566) 

was certainly meant, as O'Flaherty 
has noted. See n. *, last page. 

8 Coirpre Damhargaid. A. and 
B. read "Dam 01x501-0 Coifip., for 
"OamafigaTD Coifipjxe, the words 
being transposed. 


cRotncum scoixmurn. 

Ct. 111. 

Ct. OccifioT)emain mic Caifiillla baclacuban.n.mne. 

Ct. 1. Occipio CCmmifiec mic Setroa ta pe^uf mac 

"Hellene, t>e quo Tnccum 

emen an can fiombtn a fii 
Mifi bo mefinoc nac oe'olai, 
CCmu af pop/Deafly all 
La hCCmmijxe Ulac Sennai. 

]ct. 11. lusulacio pep-sui-p TTlic Nellme 6 CCe-5 mac 
CCmmifiec. Oena mac hu l/aigfi, CCb Cluana muc Noip 
.1. mac eo^um T>O Uupy, tiecenof p|nncipacum anmf 
ocaxKUi. qtnetnt;. 

]ct. 111. 1ce Cluana CfieaTail quieuic. 

]ct. 1111. TTloenu Bppos Cluana "Pefira 0|ienainT), 
quieuic. Occifio T>a hu TTlui|ie'Dhai5 .1. baecam mic 
TTlui|icep.t:ai5, ocuf gcflcJP 11 ' mi c "Oomnaill .111. anno 
fie^m -pui. Cyionan mac 'Ci^eiinai^, fii dannachta 
occifO|i eyiar. 

]ct. UL Car peimm fiia Caiyip^ie mac Cfiimcauro, fti 
TTlumhan, m quo uiccuyefc Colman bee mac *Dian.maDaj 
fei) ipfe euafic. byienamn bififia obiit:. 

Car "Cala ocuf "Popxola .1. nomma campoyium eiT)ip, 
eie [ocuf] Ofp-aiBe, eci|i Cluam pen.r;a TTlolua 
piacna mac baecam uiccofi 

1 Kal. iii. The year (567) has been 
added in the marg. by O'F., who has 
altered the ferial number to 7. 

2 Femhen ; i.e. Magh Femhen, the 
name of an ancient plain in Minister. 
This quatrain seems to have been 
composed in praise of some Munster 
King, after whose death the plain of 
Femhen was devastated by Ainmire. 

* Kal ii. O'Flaherty has added 
the year 569 in the marg., and altered 
the ferial number ii. to 3. 

* Laighis Rete. This was the name 
of a district in the now Queen's Co. 
The entry is corrupt in A. and B. ; 
the words " of the Laighis Rete after 
holding" being represented by "DO 
Laigi-p Hecenof." In the Dublin 
copy of Tigernach (H. 1. 18, T.C.D.) 
the reading is u> oo Laigip Rccencr, 
cenenf" ("of the Laighis Raeda, 

8 Kal. iii. The numerals oxxx., 
denoting 530, appear in the marg. in 
the orig. hand ; but the year -olccx. 



Kal. 1 iii. A.D. 

KaL Deman, son of Calrell, slain by the shepherds of {568.'] 

Kal. i. Ainmire, son of Senna, slain by Fergus, son of [569.] 
Nellin ; of which was said : 

Femhen,* when he was a king, 
"Was not an ignoble place ; 
To-day, crimson is its aspect 
From Ainmire, son of Senna. 

Kal. 3 ii. Murder of Fergus, son of Nellin, by Aedh, [570.] 
son of Ainmire. Oena Mac Ua Laighsi, Abbot of 
Cluain-muc-Nois, i.e. the son of Eoghan of the Laighis 
Kete, 4 quievit, after holding the Abbacy 36 years. 

Kal. 5 iii. Ite, of Cluain Creadal, quievit. 

Kal. 6 iv. Moenu, Bishop of Cluain-Ferta-Brenainn, 
quievit. Occisio of two descendants of Muiredhach, viz., 
Baedan, son of Muircertach, and Eochaidh Find, son of 
Domhnall, in the third year of their reign. Cronan, son 
of Tigernach, King of Ciannacht, was their slayer. 

KaL vi. The battle of Feimhin gained by Cairbre, 7 
son of Crimthand, King of Mumhan, in which Colman 
Bee, son of Diarmaid, was vanquished ; but he escaped. 
Brenainn 8 of Birr died. 

The battle of Tola and Fortola, viz., the names of plains 
between Ele [and] Osraighe, between Cluain-Ferta-Molua 
and Saighir. Fiachna, son of Baedan, was the victor. 



(570) was certainly meant. It 
should, however, be 571, reckoning 
the number of " Kal." Irom where 
the same hand has written TJXXUI. 
(recte -otxui.) 0' Flaherty has added 
the date "570," and altered the ferial 
number to " 4." See note , p. 56. 

* Kal. iv. The ferial "iv." has 
been altered to "5" by O'F., who 
has added the year 571 in the marg. 

''Cairbre. Cofimac, A. B. ; al- 
tered to Cairbre by O'Flaherty, who 
has written the date 572 in the marg. 

8 Brenainn. The death of Brenainn 
is also recorded under the year 565. 
It is twice entered in the Annals of 
Ulster, viz., at the year 564=565, 
and again under 571=572. O'Fla- 
herty, in a marg. note, refers Bre- 
nainn's death to the year 572. 



]ct. uii. bap Concnll mic Corn^aill, fii "Oalfiicroa, 
rcui. anno fiegni -ptn, qtn oppep.ebac inyolam 1ae Coluim 

|Ct. Cfinef bfienamT) mic bfiiuin. 

]ct. 111. (finer byienainn Ctuana enr;a. 

lusulacio CCe'oa mic Gcac ', fii Connachc, 
la Tluit5 bfiiuin. 

pn.imum pen.iculum Ulu'5 an Gamam. 

|Cl. 111. Quief Green Gfpos Ctuana poca 
CCba. Reuep.fio Uta'5 m Gmam. 

Jet. u. Qmef pmmani, epifcopi nepon-p 

]ct. Cau "Ofioma mic Gfice, ubi Cotcu mac "DomnaiU, 
mic TTluifice|it:ai5 ceci*oir;. CCeT)h mac CCmmi|iec 

Ct. bao7>cm mac Caifiill, fii Ulaf*, moiaruuf 



C. lu^ulacio pefi^ufa Sgan'oail, ^15 TTlumhan. 
Cfuief pep^uf a Gfpog "0|ioma le^laifi, qui 
Cell biann. 
]ct Cfuier mic Niffi, "otlttroiB -DO, CCb Ctuana muc 

]cb Occifio baoi>ain mic Min'oe'oa mic "Ouac, mic 
Conaill ^u^oan, 1115 'Gemjiac. Cumi mac Colmain, ocu-p 

1 ConalL The note "573, Dung- 
[allenses] An[nales], Rex Scotorum. 
A. 574, Ussher," appears in the 
marg. in OTlaherty's hand. The 
same annotator also adds " Coc 
"Dealgan a caoncifie (Battle of 
Dealgan in Cenntire, or Cantyre), in 
quo Dunch[adhJ mac Conaill, mic 
Comgaill cum multis cecidit, supra." 
The reference is to the copy of Tiger- 
nach's Annals contained in the MS. 
H. 1. 18, Trin. Coll., Dublin, in which 

the entry occurs at the year 573 of 
O'Flaherty's computation. 

2 Brenainn, son of Briun. O'F. 
adds the date 574 in the marg. 

Kal. iii. The year "577," and 
the Dora, letter and ferial "C. 6," 
have been added in the marg. by 
O'Flaherty, who further notes that 
Brenainn died on Sunday, the 16th of 
May. The ferial for 576 should be iv. 

4 Return, fieufio, for 
(reversio), A. p.etioUi'po, B. 



Kal. vii. Death of Conall, 1 son of Comgall, King of A.D. 
Dalriada, in the 1 6th year of his reign, who presented the [574.] 
island of Hi to Colum Cille. 

Kal. Quies of Brenainn, 2 son of Briun. [575.] 

Kal. 3 iii. Quies of Brenainn, of Cluain Ferta. [576.] 

Murder of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, King of 
Connacht, by the Ui Briuin. 

First attempt of the Ulidians to re-establish themselves 
in Emhain. 

Kal. iii. Quies of Etcen, Bishop of Cluain-fota-Baetain- [577.] 
abha. Return 4 of the Ulidians to Emhain. 5 

Kal v. Quies of Finnian Ua Fiatach, 6 the Bishop. [578.] 

Cairech Dergan quievit. 

Kal. 7 Battle of Druim mic Erce, in which Colcu, son [579.] 
of Domhnall, son of Muircertach, was slain. Aedh, son of 
Ainmire, was victorious. 

Kal. Baedan, son of Cairell, King of Uladh, mortuus [580.] 



K. Murder of Fergus Sgandail, King of Mumhan. [583.] 

Quies of Fergus, Bishop of Druim-leth-glaise, who built 
Gill Biann. 

Kal. Quies of Mac 8 Nisse. He was of the Ultonians, [584.] 
and Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Kal. 9 Occisio of Baedan, son of Nindidh, son of Duach, [585.] 
son of Conall Gulban, King of Temhair. Cuini, son of 

8 To Emhain. m main, A. B. 
Tigernach and the Annal. Ult. read 
"oe Omam (from Emhain). The date 
" 678" has been added by O'F. 

6 Ua Fiatach. Nepocif PKXCOC 
(Nepotis Fiatach), A. B. A marg. 
note in O'Flaherty's handwriting 
reads, "579, S. Finnianus de stirpe 

i Kal. The year " 580" has been 
noted by O'F. 

8 Mac Ntsse. O'Flaherty adds the 
date 590. Mac Nisse's obit is en- 
tered in the Ann. Ult under the years 
584 = 585 and 590 =691. 

9 Kal. The year 572 has been 
added by O'F. 


Cumame mac Lbp,ein, mic 1llaT)ain, nmc Cefibaitt occi- 
eum, confibo Colmam pajun oc teim mT) ec: 

TTleapait) amail aqpicroafi 
Con all an cat ceolac, 
fee ffiecoib -pofiann 
Ria Con all octif Oogan. 

1niciUTTi fie^m' CCe-ba rnic CCmmip,ec. 

|ct. 1. bellum bealais "Oaice m quo ceci-oic Colmctn 
bee mac "Oia^moDa. CCe-D mac CCmmifiech uicrop. eyiac. 

"Oai mac Caifiill quieuic. 

]ct. 11. lusuUrcio CCeDa T)uiB TTlic 8uit5ne CCfiai-De, 
qui inrep-peciT: "OiafimaiT) mac Cefibaitl. 

]ct. 1111. Cfuief 6fpoi5 CCe-ua mic b|iicc. Cfinef CCe-oa 
mic bfienaint), Hi 'Ceppa. CCf fe \io ioT>baip, "Duyimac 
T)O Colum Cille. eoT)em anno aefcaf cofifii'oa ec ficca 
conngiT:. T)auiT) Cilte THuine [obiic]. 

]cb TTlo|iff peitdimi-D mic 'Cijep.Tiail, Rig TTlumhan. 

Mar;iuicaf Ctnmrne |?oca. 

]ct. ui. "Oepecno foli.f, [mane] 


]ct. TTIoti'p CCen^tjfa mic CCmal^a-oa. Ua-ou mac 
CCe'oa, |ii Connacr;, ecc arobac. 

Sfiesofuur- nacione Uomanuf, ex pacfie ^F 010010 ' 
peT)iT: anmp .xin. menfibuf .ui. Diebuf .x., -puic cempoyie 

1 Kal. i. O'Flaherty adds in the 
margin "573, Kal. u; de quo D. A. 
(Dungallenses Annales), ad eundem 
ann." The event is recorded in the 
Annals of Donegal, or of the Four 
Masters, under the year 572, which 
O'Flaherty understands to represent 
673. The ferial for 586 should be 
iii, for 587, iv, and for 588, v. 

Aedh Mac Brie. O'Flaherty has 
noted the year 589 in the margin, 

and corrected the ferial to 7. Some 
other notes by the same hand are 
partly mutilated. 

3 Summer, ep cap , A. ; aecaf, B. 

4 A dark [morning]. cenbyiap.UTn 
(tenbrarum), A. Teibrarum, B. The 
expression in Tigernach and the An- 
nal. Ult. is mane cenebfiop um. In 
L'Art de Verif. les Dates (torn, i., p. 
63), this eclipse is referred to the year 
591. The ferial for 590 should be i. 



Colman, and Cumaine, son of Libren, son of Illadhan, son 
of Cerbhall, slew him, by the advice of Colman Bee, at 
Leim-ind-eich : 



By Conall, as 'tis admitted, 

"Was won the joyful battle; 

A happy path, prosperous streams spread 

Before Conall and Eoghan. 

Commencement of the reign of Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

Kal. 1 i. Battle of Bealach Daithe, in which fell C 586 -] 
Colman Bee, son of Diarmaid. Aedh, son of Ainmire, was 
the victor. Daigh Mac Cairill quievit. 

Kal. ii. Jugulatio of Aedh Dubh, son of Suibhne [587.] 
Araidhe, who slew Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill. 

Kal. iv. Quies of Bishop Aedh Mac Brie. 2 Death of [588.] 
Aedh, son of Brenand, King of Teffia. It was he who 
presented Durmagh to Colum Cille. In the same year a 
torrid and dry summer 3 occurred. David of CilkMuine 

Kal. Death of FedhUmidh, son of Tigernach, King of [589,] 

Birth of Cumin Fota. 

Kal. vi. An eclipse of the sun ; a dark [morning]. 4 [590.] 

Death of Lughaidh of Lis-mor. 


Kal. Death of Aengus, son of Amhalgaidh. Uadha, 5 [592.] 
son of Aedh, King of Connacht, died. 6 

Gregory, 7 by nation a Eoman, whose father was Gor- 
dianus, sat 13 years, 6 months and 10 days; (he lived in 

8 Uadha. Latinized "Huadus" by 
O'F. in a marg. note. 

6 Died, ecc (robot (ecc adbath), 
A. B. ; lit. " death he died." 

7 Gregory. 0' Flaherty has added 
the marg. note "590, 13 Sept. 8. 
Greg. Na. . . . Romanum." Pope 
Gregory succeeded to the Papacy in 
590, and died in 604. 


TYlaup.icii, BTJ fepulmip efc m Oafibca bead 
CCpofcob [ance];op,ium. 

lugutcrcio encan mic Cotmam TTloip. 

let 111. 

jet. 1111. (finer Cottnm Citle m nocre *0omimca 
Penn copter, u. IT>. 1inn, anno pepispmanonip puae 
uepo txof.uu . uc Tcn:up : 


a bticroam baoi 5011 
Colurn Cille na T)tip|xe5lef 
LUI-D 50 haingtib afa cache 
lap, ^eachc rnblicrona 


lc. Car Steibe Cua a TTlutTiain, m quo pacna mac 
baoT>din uvccofi efiar. Oectfio OatttCfgnf tnic CCeta ta 
bfianT>up mac Bchach a n"Oun buca-o. tlflo|if 
mic Catgai^. 

let. 1. Cfutef baoiane CCbbacif 1ae. 

Cac "06m bolg ta bfiattT>up mac 6chc co 
a .1111. ID. Gnatp., ubi ceciT)iu CCe-o mac CCinmipec, p.i 
6p.enn, anno -xix. jiepn fin, aeracif uepx> tx.ui. ocuf 
bee mac Caanac, pi CCtfipatt er caecept nobitef. Un*oe 

an conn ^fiifi 
[feeta] ceftif Cfieic 
CCet) mac CCmmifiec p,o bit 

1 In the time, cempup A. B., 
for cempofve. 

2 [5e/ore] the Sacristy. Seqxe- 
coTVum, A. B. The word "cmce," 
omitted by the orig. scribe, has been 
supplied in the text See Liber Pon- 
tificalit, seu de rebus gestis Romamorum 
Pontificum (ed. Vignoles), torn, i., p. 

8 The numerals -otiT. are written in 
A. before the " Kal. iii.," in the orig. 
hand. The number 552, or 554, seems 

to have been intended ; probably the 
latter, the dash over the final cha- 
racters "n" signifying that they 
should be doubled. The year [594] 
is therefore supplied, as the orig. 
notation is 40 years short, owing to 
the error committed at the year 565, 
and repeated subsequently. See notes 
", p. 56, , p. 57, and , p. 58. 

4 On the night of Whitsunday, m 
nocce "Dominica pencicorcef, A. 
B. This means the night preceding 


the time 1 of Maurice), and was buried in the Basilica of A.D. 
the holy Apostle Peter, [before] the sacristy. 2 ^-, 

Murder of Senchan, son of Colman M6r. 

Kal. iii. 3 j- 594- -j 

Kal. iv. Quies of Colum Cille, on the night of Whit- [595.] 
Sunday, 4 the 5th of the Ides of June, in the 35th 5 year of 
his peregrination, and the 77th, truly, of his age ; as is 
said : 

Thirty years, without light, was 
Colum Cille in his Black Regies ; 
He went to angels from his body 
After seven years and seventy. 

Kal. Battle of Sliabh Cua in Mumhan, in which Fiachna, [597.] 
son of Baedan, was victorious. Murder of Cumusgach, 
son of Aedh, by Brandubh, son of Eochaidh, at Dun 
Buchad. Death of Tipraide, son of Calgach. 

Kal. i. Quies of Baithen, Abbot of Hi. [598.] 

The battle of Dun Bolg gained on the fourth of the 
Ides of January, by Brandubh, son of Eochaidh, with the 
Lagenians ; in which Aedh, son of Ainmire, King of Erinn, 
was slain, in the 19th 6 year of his reign, and the 66th 
year of his age ; and Bee, son of Guana, King of Airghiall, 
and other 7 chieftains, were slain. Hence was said : 

At Buach 

The wave dashes against the brink ; 
[Accounts] 8 report, though abhorrent, 
That Aedh, son of Ainmire, was slain ; 

Whitsunday. See Reeves's Adamnan, 
p. 230, n. <, and Add. Note L, p. 309. 

5 The 35th year. The departure of 
Colum Cille for Hi is entered above 
at the year 563. His obit should 
therefore be recorded under the year 

597. See Reeves's Adamnan, p. 310. O ^A. In the Four Mast, 'the line 

6 The 19(7* year of his reign. The ' reads more correctly, "crcpei) fcelcc 
accession of Aedh is recorded above i cict pa fCit," ("Accounts report 
u,nder the year 585. ' though wearisome"). 


i Other, cci, for caereju (cseteri), 
A. Cenci, B. 

8 [Accounts] report, though abhor- 
rent. The reading in A. and B. is 

cepup cifc (cjxeic), 

(accounts, reports) being 


com tut T)IXIT; :- 


Outran. imnaiTi rn,i roib 
VlW na pn-efciu aitejifiec 
"Caeban "Caitlcen, caeb 
"Caeb CCer>a rmc 

i Colmdm Rime-Da octip CCe-oa Slame 

quiemr. "Do 

jet. CCilmp CCbb Cluana muc 

1Tlufc|iai'De a cmel. 8axotief p-oern 

]ct. Cftnef Camni| CCcaiT> bo. 


TTli'De, la CCe-o Sldtne a 

]ct. u. beimmena b|\anT>uib 1 mbpega. 
bfientnnn TTHC Coijipiie [rmc] pecene (.1. Hi Ua TTlame, 
6 ploinceji ytair; tnb|iennuinn a TDuig CCi). 

]ct. Corngalt CCbb benncaiji quietus ccci. anno 
aerarif fuae, pfimcipa^Uf aurem .1. ann. er .111. menfe, 
ec .x. T>ie ; ui. n>. THai quieuic. 

Car; Slemna m quo Colman RirmT>, Hi dneoil 6050111 
ocuf Conall mac CCef>a mic CCmmifiee 

Ctnle Coil m quo piacna mac baeT>am uiccop. 
eyiac, ec pachna mac "Demdm pupc. 

TTIo^f "Posap-ra^ mic CCe-oa. 

]ct. ui. Cfuiep pncam Cluana Gi-onec. 
Opfcop TTla| bile, 

1 [Whose] wife said. 

comux i ox. ( conjux dixit), 

A. A word (probably cmu-p) has 
been cut off. Omitted in B. 

8 Of Cluain-muc-Nais. Ctuema 
muc tif, A. B.; the "t" of the 
last syllable, the abbrev. for the lat. 
"vel," being put for no, its Irish 

8 Quiet. The date 599 has been 
prefixed to Cainnech's obit by O'Fla- 

4 Blows. beimtnen[a], A. B.; 
plural of beim, lit. "a blow." In a 
poem in the Book of Leinster, fol. 26, 
b. 1, the "Beimmena" of Brandubh 
are described as seven battles, all 
gained by him in Bregh, or Bregia, 


[whose] wife said 1 : A.D. 

There were three beloved sides 
Of whose return there is no hope ; 
The side of Taillten, the side of Temhair, 
And the side of Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

Commencement of the reign of Colman Rimidh and 
Aedh Slaine, together. 

Kal. Ailitir, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 2 quievit. His [599.] 
family was of the Muscraidhe. The Saxons receive the 

Kal. Quies 3 of Cainnech, of Achadh-bo. Murder of [GOO.] 
Suibhne, son of Colman M6r, King of Midhe, by Aedh 
Slaine, at Bridamh on the Suainiu. 

Kal. v. The blows 4 of Brandubh in Bregh. Death of [601.] 
Brenainn, son of Coirpre, [son of] Fechin (i.e. the King 
of Ui Maine, from whom Rath Brenainn, in Magh Ai, is 

Kal. Comgall, 5 Abbot of Bennchair, quievit in the [602.] 
91st 5 year of his age, and also in the 50th year, 3rd 
month, and 10th day of his government. On the 6th of 
the Ides of May he rested. 

The battle of Slemhain was fought, in which Colman 
Rimidh, King of the Cinel Eoghain, was the victor ; and 
Conall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, escaped by flight. 

The battle of Cuil-Coil was fought, in which Fiachna, 
sojLjO-f Baedan^ was the victor ; and Fiachna, son of 
Deman, fled. Death of Fogartach, son of Aedh. 

Kal. vi. Quies of Fintan, of Cluain Eidhnech. Sineall, [603.] 
Bishop of Magh Bile, [quievit]. 

the ancient name of a district in 
6 Comgall. O'Flaherty, on the 

" G01" as the date of Comgall's death. 
He also corrects the year of his age 
to "85." 

authority of Ussher, adds the year 




]ct. lu^utano Colmain Rime-Da a uifio -oe 
JMJO, qui 7)icT:uf epc Loccm Thlma'oa ; uivoe 

CeT)u fii^e ce-DU ftecr:, 
Ce-DU nepj: pop, 
On IT) Column RmuT) Ri, 
Rombi Locan "Oitmcroa. 

CCe-oa Slame o Conceit mac Suibne, 
bfiu loca Sem-oile. CCe-5 ^uay^an comalca Conaill, 
baegat bitte fio gunev^xaii ; un-oe -oiccum 

lliop, bu aiftmifir m 
*Oona ogaib "Cuaic 
Conatl |\ombi CCet) Slame, 
CCet> Slame |\onibi Suibne. 

CCe-ba |ioin Hi Ua ppail^e a Bailee tnic 
ITleccnam ; CCet> buiT>e Ri Tepra ocuf Ri Ua TDaine 
.1. Ua TTlaine mic Nell, a mbyiuigm T>a Coca on Conall 
ceT>na, in eo-oem T)ie quo lugularuf efr CCet 8ldme : 

ba fio tnofi an fuiar) cuma 
PO|\ fiiojixait) Cyienn tnle, 
CCet) Slaine 50 focuni)ibh 
CCe-6 R6m, CCo-oh buir>e. 

Conaill mic CCe-ba mic Cu cen 
Ri THuman, naruf efc. Colman mac Lenine 
Laffien TTlena "0|iociT; quiemc. 

]cl. Car Slaibfie m quo 

eft; bjian-oup mac 

i Kal The date -oliim. (564) 
appears in the marg. in the orig. 
hand. The year 604 must have been 
meant. See note *, p. 56. O'Fla- 
herty adds the date 605. 

1 On the brink of Loch, Semdighe. 
fo\i bfiu Loca Semrnte, A. B. The 
last word has been altered by O'Fla- 
herty to Senroige, as the name is 
written in Tigernach. The lake in 

question is now called Loch Sewdy, 
and is in the county of Westmeath. 
See the Annals of the Four Mast. 
(O'Donovan's ed.) at the year 600, 
note f . 

3 Foster-brother. 
for comalca. 

comaU#, A. B., 

4 At Faithghe Mic Meccnain. a 
rnic TTIecciiccin, A. B. for 



Kal. 1 Murder of Colman Rimidli by a man of his 
kindred, who was called Lochan Dilmada. Hence was 
said : 

Notwithstanding Kingship notwithstanding law 
Notwithstanding power over chieftains 
Behold ! Colman Eimidh, the King ! 
Lochan Dilmada slew him ! 

Murder of Aedh Slaine by Conall, son of Suibhne, on 
the brink of Loch Semdighe. 2 Aedh Guastan, foster- 
brother 3 of Conall, and Baeghal Bille, that slew him. 
Hence was said : 

Not wise was the counsel 
To the youths of Tuath Tuirbhe ; 
Conall that slew Aedh Slaine, 
Aedh Slaine that slew Suibhne. 

Murder of Aedh Roin, King of Ui Failghe, at Faithche 
Mic Meccnain, 4 and of Aedh Buidhe, King of Tephtha and 
Ui Maine, i.e. Ui Maine Mic Neill, at Bruighin Da Choca, 
by the said Conall, on the same day on which Aedh Slaine 
was put to death : 

Great was the red sorrow 
Over the chieftains of Erinn all 
Aedh Slaine, with multitudes, 
Aedh Koin, Aedh Buidhe loere slain. 

Death of Conall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire. Cu-cen- 
mathair, King of Mumhan, born. 5 Colman Mac Lenin 
quievit. Lasren of Menadrochit quievit. Mauricius 

Kal. 6 The battle of Slaibhre ivas fought, in which 




a ppaicce (or a Renege) mic 
TTleccnain, which means Mac Mecc- 
nan's green, or Fair green. 

5 Born. moTicuti-p (mortuus), A. 
B. ; which O'Flaherty has altered to 
" natus est," adding " ut habet 
Tig[ernach]." The death of Cu-cen- 

mathair (t.e. "the hound without a 
mother") is recorded under the year 
661, infra. 

6 Kal. The numerals -olxu. are 
added in the marg. in the orig. hand. 
They denote 565 ; but the year 605 
was certainly meant See note 3 , 
p. 56. 

70 cttotucum 8cooifium. 

Qcac, Ri la^en. Neposef Nell mccojief efianr. 
lusulano bfianT>uib Ri Lm^en a ^enefie fuo ctnuf 
nomen efiac 8afian Saeb-oejicc, CCifccmnec Senboc 8me. 
7)1 cm m 

Sajian Saeboejicc Sedi ngtan ngte, 
CCificmnec Senboc fine, 
tie tii THxtli sen ban-oul tnbfiat, 
Ro tnctfib bfian-oub mac Ocac. 

T)e quo anuf taigen locura eft; ficmD : 

TTlccD itnbecaiT) mic Oacac 
"OomftifaT) an rtiaifceftc[ach], 
1n ccrc im anuajiatafo, 
1f cian ho TIO 

"OiambaT) a cfieip 
TYlac Cacac mic TTltiifceT>ai5, 
tloco beyiamTj mo bolg Ian 
"Do citt ap, aei CCet> CClnain. 

Obiciif Laiffien CCbbarif 1ae, TTIoftf Colmain mic 
Pefuroai&, Ri Offcai^e. CCoi> UaiftiOT)nac fie^nar; annif 

]ct. 1111. TYlofif CCeT)ain mic ^abfiaiti, anno ,xorx .uir. 
fui ; aerarif uefio Ixacaf.uiu . t ui. 

no pliofttim baeT>am mic Caifiitt a nT)un 
a fitio macfiif ftiae. 


]ct. TTlofif piacna caoic mic bae-odin La C|iuicnecaiB ; 
er; quief /cT>ac. 

1 Aedh Uairiodknach. CCot> CCtlan ; 612, in/ra, where he is called " Aedh 
(Aodh Allan), A. B. ; the word 
Uaijuot>nac has been written by 
O'Flaherty over the word CCttan in 

A. Aedh Allan did not become Kin 
of Ireland until the year 734. See 

the entry of Aedh's death, at the year written the numerals -otxin. (566) in 

Aldan, i.e. Aedh Uairidhnach." The 
letters n-. &., for 7x15 G^ienr) (King of 
Erinn), and the date 605, have been 
added in the margin by O'F. 

* Kal. iv. The original scribe has 



Brandubh, son of Eochaidh, King of Laighen, was van- 
quished. The Ui Neill were the victors. Murder of 
Brandubh, King of Laighen, by [one of] his kindred, 
whose name was Saran Saebderg, Airchinnech of Senboth 
Sine. Hence was said : 

[605. ) 

Saran Saebderg, clear, bright guide, 
Airchinnech, of Senboth Sine ; 
He it was no falsehood without bright judgment, 
That killed Brandubh, son of Eochaidh. 

Of which an old woman of Laighen spoke the verse : 

If, in the lifetime of Eochaid's son, 

The Northern had come to me, 

From the battle regarding which they boast, 

They would have been long panic-driven. 

If in a pillared house 

"Were the son of Eochaidh, son of Muiredhach, 

I would not bear my full sack 

To a church for the sake of Aedh Aldan. 

Death of Lasren, Abbot of Hi. Death of Colman, son 
of Feradach, King of Osraighe. Aedh Uairiodhnach 1 
reigns 7 years. 

Kal. iv. 2 Death of Aedhan, 3 son of Gabhran, in the 
37th year of his reign, and in the 88th, or 86th, year of 
his age. Murder of the sons of Baedan, son of Cairill, in 
Dun Mogna, by their mother's son. 


Kal. Fiachna Caech, 4 son of Baedan, slain by the 
Cruithne ; and quies of Eochaidh. 



the margin, repeating the mistake of 
40 years already referred to. (See 
note 3 , p. 56). 

3 Aed/tan, 0' Flaherty adds the 

note "606, Ussher. E[ex] Scoto- 

* Fiachna Caech. 'Flaherty notes 
607 as the date of this event. 


(modicum scoT:oRtim. 

]ct. i. Occifio Secnafi|; nrnc $afibain Hi Cineoil 
bojaine o "Domnatl mac CCe-oa. Cfuief lucc-oac mic 
hu Oce. 

Jet. u. TYlop-f CCe-oa mic Colcain fie^if na naipxefi 
m pefiesfunamone a ccluam muc "Noif, *oe quo T>iccum 

Ro baof can 

ba Imi) oi\t)ain Loc T>a t>am ; 
Hifi bo he an Loc ba ho|\T>an, 
CCcc an j&aifc CCei) mac Cotgan. 
Cuma T)aiii naD 
Cayia fioT>onicai 
Cibe ^ocep, 
CCn mnp Loca T>ha 

baf Sillain mic Cuimm CCba-o ben-ocaifi, ec baf 
detain ancafit;. baf tnaeitunia mic baeT)dni. 

]ct. pulmnmacuf eft: exeficimp Ulai-o 1 mbap.cui 
pulrmne ceyi|iibiti. TTlo|if THaele-DUin mic CCilene Ri 
Tno5[T)ho|iTia]. Qtnep Colmam Gala, mic hui 8etti, 
.lui. anno aecanf f uae. 

]ct. u. Ylflofir CCe-oa CCil-oam mic "Domnailt, Ri 
'Cerfifiac .1. CCe-5 Uai|HT>nac. 

Ca Oi)ba |ie CCen^tcp mac Colmam, m quo 
Conall Loe| bp-e^, mac (XeT>a Slame, uc 
1n fee a tnuttac Otiba 
Cental -oosfia m laef , 
T)eitbi|i T)i Get) olcc a -oenn, 
Ro but moyi cenn ma cftaef . 


1 Lughaidh Mac Ua Oche, called 
Molua Mac Ui Oche at the year 554, 
where his birth is recorded ; the form 
"Molua" being compounded of the 
devotional prefix mo, my, and Zwa, 
put for Lughaidh (pron. Loo-ee). 
See an interesting note on the forma- 
tion of Saints' names, by the Rev. 

Dr. Todd, Martyrology of Donegal, 
App. Introd., p. xliii, n. '. 

* Mogh\dhornd]. \T\o%., A. B. 
So also in Tigernach; but in the An- 
nals of Ulster, A.D. 610, it is written 
TTIogoofinea (Moghdornea); and in 
the Four Masters, nnder the year 600, 



Kal. i. Murder of Sechnasach, son of Crarblmn, King A.D. 
of Cinel Boghain, by DomhnaU, son of Aedh. Quies of [eoa] 
Lughaidh Mac Ua Oche. 1 

Kal. v. Death of Aedh, son of Colcan, King of the [610.] 
Airthera, in pilgrimage at Cluain-muc-Nois ; of which 

was said : 

There was a time 

When Loch-dha-dhamh was a linn of splendour ; 
It was not the Loch that was splendid, 
But the Prince Aedh, son of Colgan. 

I care not, since he lives not 
The friend who loved me 
Whoso places a brilliant house 
On the island of Loch-dha-dhamh. 

Death of Sillan, son of Cumin, Abbot of Bennchair ; and 
death of Aedhan, anchorite. Death of Maelumha, son of 

Kal. The army of Ulidia was struck by terrible light- [6H-] 
ning in Barchi. Death of Maelduin, son of Ailen, King 
of Mogh[dhorna]. 2 Quies of Colman Ela, Mac Ui Selli, 
in the 56th year of his age. 

Kal. v. Death of Aedh Aldan, 3 son of Domhnall, King [612.] 
of Temhair, i.e. Aedh Uairidhnach. 

Battle of Odhba gained by Aengus, son of Colman, in 
which fell Conall Laegh Bregh, son of Aedh Slaine, as 
was said : 

The whitethorn on the summit of Odhba, 
Though sharp darts it throws not, 
Lawful for it that its aspect should be evil 
There was a great head in its mouth. 4 
Maelcobha begins to reign. 

it is TTl 05T>oi(xn TTI aigen (Moghdhorn 

Aedh Aldan. See note *, p. 70. 
O'Flaherty has added the date "612" 
in the margin. 

* Mouth. This rather extravagant 
metaphor is doubtless intended to 
signify that the head of some person 
slain in the battle perhaps that of 
Conall Laegh Bregh was stuck on 
the whitethorn bush. 

nnorncurn scorouum. 

let Cfuiep pincccin Oenqaaib CCbbcrcif benT>caifi. 
ttlon.r' Cotmam U arraign. 

jet. ui. tucaitt pora CCb Ctuana muc Noip quieuic. 
Scetta in fa epc hon.a un. Tiei. 

let 1u5utar;io TTlaetcoba rmc CCef>a mic 
m betlo moncif 'Cocrc t T^aec. Suibne TTlenn 
e^ac, mac pacna. Cfuiep'oa, cenrii 
Ctuana ifiaijvo. THo^f Ronam mic Cotmam Ui taien. 
8uibne TTlenn fie^nar:. ^ofiman T>O TTlu^'DOTinaiB, a quo 
naci -punc mic Cumn ; afpe fio bui btia-oam -poji fce 
'Cipfiaic Pm^m ; ocup m aiticfii a ccttidm at)bar. . 


let Combuvno "Oonnani 650 hi .cm. let. TTlai cum 
.ct mafir;ifiibuf, ec tiafrano "Cofiai^e. 

"jet Caem^en ^tmne -oa toca .cxx anno aeracif 
fuae, m ChfUfco quieuir. lu^uta^io pefi^Ufa mic 
Cotmam TTloifi, Ri Tni-De, 6 CCnpafiuac .h. TTle|^can T>O 
TDuinncifi btainnne. 

let ui. CCe-5 ben7>an CCijiT>n.i TDuman quieuic: -oonT) 
8ittam Tnaige bite, octif Pm^en mac 

let Occifio ^enejiif bao-oam, i THai|; LeceT) a ccfiic 
Connachc; CCibtta mic baomnn, octif TnaoitiT)Uin mic 
Pefi^ufa mic bae-odm, octif "Oiucuttu. TTloyif TJiacriac 
mic Ciajiam mic CCmnufiec, mic Senna .1. atiuf -punT>a- 

1 LucaillFota; i.e. Lucaill the long. 
O'Flaherty has corrected the name to 
"Tolua Fata," adduig "ut p. 12 b.. 
qui obiit A. 615, Cod. Cl." The 
reference " ut p. 12 b." is to the copy 
of Tigernach in the MS. H. 1, 18, 
Trin. Coll, Dublin, in which the 
name is written "Tolua." In Mac- 
Geoghegan's transl. of the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, at the year 617, is the 
entry, " Lucall, brother of St. Queran 
(Ciaran, or Kieran), and Tolua Foda, 
Abbot of Cloum, died." Probably a 

clause corresponding to the words 
between "Lucall" and "Foda," in this 
entry, has been omitted in the text. 

* Maelcobha. The date (615) has 
been added in the marg. by O'F. 

* Ronan. The death of a Ronan, 
son of Col man, is also entered under 
the year 624, infra-, but he is not 
said to have been King of Laighen. 

Of Glenn-da-locha. ^tinne 2 
locha, for 5^ivme TJCC locha (Of the 
Glen, or Valley of the Two Lakes), A. 
eft; locha, B. The Iran- 



Kal. Quies of Fintan of Oentraibh, Abbot of Benn- 
chair. Death of Colman Uathach. 

Kal. vi. Lucaill Fota, 1 Abbot of Cluan-muc-Nois, 
quievit. A star was seen at the 7th hour of the day. 

Kal. Jugulatio of Maelcobha, 2 son of Aedh, son of Ain- 
mire, in the battle of Cnoc Toath or [Cnoc] Taeth. Suibhne 
Menn, son of Fiachna, was the victor. Quies of Diarmaid, 
third Abbot of Cluain-iraird. Death of Ronan, 3 son of 
Colman, King of Laighen. Suibhne Menn reigns. 
Gorman, of the Mughdhoma, from whom the Mac Cuinns 
are descended, died. It was he who lived a year on the 
water of Tiprait Finghin ; and in pilgrimage at Cluain- 
[muc-Nois] he died. 


Kal. Burning of Donnan of Eg, with 150 martyrs, on 
the 15th of the kalends of May ; and the plundering of 

Kal. Caemhghen of Glenn-da-locha, 4 in the 120th 
year of his age, in Christo quievit. Murder of Fergus, 
son of Colman M6r, King of Midhe, by Anfartach Ua 
Mescan, of the Muintir Blatinne. 

Kal. vi. Aedh Bendan, Arch-King of Mumhan, quievit. 
He was of the Eoghanacht. Death of Sillan of Magh 
Bile ; and Finghin, son of Fiachra, quievit. 

Kal. Murder of the family of Baedan, in Magh Lecet, 
in the territory of Connacht, 5 viz.: Ailill, son of Baedan ; 
and Maelduin, son of Fergus, son of Baedan ; and Diucull. 
Death of Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of 
Senna, i.e. another founder of Daire Calgaigh. 








scriber of the latter MS. mistook the 
figure 2, which in the MS. A. repre- 
sents its Irish equivalent, 750, for the 
character 2, the abbrev. for e|*c (est) 
in ancient MSS. 'Flaherty adds in 
a marg. note, " 618, Dssher ; de quo 

ad ann. 622, infra." 

5 In Magh Lecet, in the territory of 

Connaught. The word Lecet is repre- 
sented by Lecy. This clause, which 
is an interlineation by the orig. hand 
in A., is omitted in B. For "Magh 
Lecet," Tigernach, the Annals of Ul- 
ster, and the Four Mast, read " Magh 
Slecht." The date "620" has been 
added in the marg. by O'Flaherty. 

76 CRONicum scoixmum. 

}Ct. TTIopp GCengupa mic Colmam moip .1. Hi Ucc 
Melt. "Oonncha-5 mac eogandm, Nectan mac Cana- 
nainn, ocup CCeT) obiepunc. pngen mac pachpach 
Gncpi-oe quieuir. 

jet. Cac dnn "Del^cen m quo ceci-oepunr; T>UO pilii 
ubpein mic lltamn mic Cepbaill. Conall mac Suibne 
inccop epac, ec "Domnall bpec cum eo. 

t. hoc anno qmep Caeimpn. 

Conaing mac CCeDam rmc ^abpam T>eme|ifUf epc : 

"Conn a mqfia mop, gtana, 

1nna cupcdn plepgac 

Conamg concoippecap. 

1n ben pola a tntung pnn 
1nna cupcan pop, Conaing; 
CCp cap po nbe a gen 
u p,e Otle "Copcan. 

bap TTlailebpaca mic Hime-oa mic Colmdin mic Cob- 
, ocup CCilella mic Ceatlai|. 

Cen^ubai m quo ceciT)iT: Colmdn mac Cobr;hai 
.1. araip ^uaipe Hi Connaci:, la Ha^allach mac UaT)ai^. 
bap Colgan mic Ceallai. 

]cb 1111. Obisup pepgnae CCb 1ae. Cfuiep TTlic taippe 
CCb CCipT)maca. expupsar;io Haca ^uala pe pacna mac 
]ct. TTlopp Hondm mic Colmam, ec Colman Scellan 

1 Aenyus, ton of Colman mor. 
O'Flaherty adds the note "621, Cod. 

called King of the [Southern] Ui 
Neill, or Hy Niall. 

. , *Caemhghen. The death of Caemh- 

that the death of Aengus, King of J . 

_, . . , , . ,. . , , Chen, or St. Kevin, is also entere<l 

Meath, is recorded m the Annals of 

. ., ,, 01 under the year 618. See note 4 , p. 

Tigernach tinder the year 621. _ 

* *i. M- t ' 74 - The vear 622 ha s been noted m 

See the entry at the year 62o, infra, 

in which Aengus, King of Meath, is the mar g" b ^ ' F ' 

said to have been " slain." It is pro- 
bably a repetition of the present entry, 
as the King of Meath was sometimes 

8 Kal. iv. The ferial number has 
been altered by O'Flaherty to "vii.," 
to agree with the year 623. 



Kal. Death of Aengus, son of Colman mor, ' i.e. King A.D. 
of the Ui Neill. Donnchadh, son of Eoganan ; Nechtan, [62^.'} 
son of Cananan ; and Aedli, obierunt. Finghin, son of 
Fiachra Encridhe, quievit. 

Kal. Battle of Cenn Delgten, in which the two sons [622.] 
of Libren, son of Illann, son of Cerbhall, were slain. 
Conall, son of Suibhne, was the victor, and Domhnall 
Brec with him. 

Or in this year the quies of Caemhghen 2 took place. 

Conaing, son of Aedan, son of Gabhran, was drowned : 

Great, bright sea-waves, and 

The sun, that punished him ; 

In his weak wicker skiff, 

Against Conaing they arrayed themselves. 

The woman who flung her fair locks 
Into his skiff, over Conaing ; 
Pleasantly she smiles 
To-day, before Bile Tortan. 

Death of Maelbracha, son of Rimidh, son of Colman, 
son of Cobthach ; and of Ailill, son of Ceallach. 

Battle of Cenngubha, in which Colman, son of Cobthach, 
i.e. the father of Guaire, King of Connacht, was slain by 
Raghallach, son of Uadach. Death of Colga, son of 

Kal. iv. 3 Death of Fergna, Abbot of Hi. Quies of [623.] 
Mac Laisre, 4 Abbot of Ardmacha. Capture 5 of Rath-Guala 
by Fiachna, 6 son of Baedan. 

Kal. Death of Ronan, 7 son of Colman ; and Colman [624.] 

* Mac Laisre, O'Flaherty adds 

the marg. note "Mac Lasr 

Ardm. . . . obiit 622=623. Dun- 
[gallenses Annales]." 

6 Capture. " expunged o" (ex- 
purgatio), A. B. Tigernach and the 
Ann. Ult. have " expugncccio." The 
Four Mast, read "lorcccro" (los- 

cadh), i.e. burning; and the Annals 
of Innisfallen, "cogent," destruction. 

a Fiachna. "R. U.," for "Rex 
Ultoniae." Marg. note, O'F. 

7 Ronan. The death of a Ronan, 
son of Colman, who is called " King 
of Laighen," is recorded above under 
the year 615. 


CROMicum scoTxmum. 

obiic. lugulorio "Ooip. tnic CCoT>a CCUaiii. 

5011, uiToe macen. euip air : 

ba 511111 Sdijv, 
Hi bu co$ail 1iifi Cdil, 
"Dm comar; gaip, na mbio-obat> 
1in cent) pailbe plaint) pot>bcr6. 

CC-oamnam CCb 1ae. 

]ct. un. nflaoTios pefina quieuiT. TDac piachna .1. 
ab CCfiruji pbo bicuip. bftit;oni lapiTe pe|i- 
;, unT>e becc bailee "Oiccit: : 

CCf 6|i an saot T)a|\ 1le 
"Ouf -pail 650 Cinncifie 
*0o jenait: gniom namnuf 
ITlaijibpi-o TTlongdn mac 

Co|imac cccom, ocuf lollann mac "Piacac, 
Ron an mac "Cudchail : 

Lann Ctuana CCi|\np, HTDIU, 
CCtnjia cecp,ti|x po|\|^aT> ; 
Coynnac caem pfuu 
Octif Ulann mac 

an T)iaf aite, 
ognan) mop, T>O 
THongdn mac piacna 
Octif Ronan mac 

mac Colmam 1Tl6i|i Ri 1T)iT>e 7)0 mapbau 
Ca^al mac CCe-oa Ri TTluman, mopcuuf epr;. 

1 Colman Stellan. O'Flaherty adds 
a marg. note, partly illegible, pointing 
out that Colman Stellan's death is 
referred by Ussher to the year G34. 
See Ussher's Index Chron. 

2 His mother; i.e. Dor's mother. 
In the Annals of Tigernach, under 
the above date, and in the Four Mast., 



at the year 619, it is stated that 
Failbhe Flann Fidhbadh was slain in 
revenge for the murder of Dor, and 
that the foregoing stanza was com- 
posed by Failbhe's mother. Dr. 
O'Donovan's transl. of the verse 
(Ann. Four Mast., loc. cit) has been 
adapted to this view of the case ; but 



Stellan 1 died. Killing of Dor, son of Aedh Allan ; 
Failbhe Flann Fidhbadh that slew him. Hence his 
mother 2 said : 

It would be a noble wounding, 
It would not be the demolition of Inis Gail 
If the shout of the enemy was raised 
Round the head of Failbhe Flann Fidhbadh. 

Birth of Adamnan, Abbot of Hi. 

Kal. vii. 3 Maedhog of Ferna quiev;t. Mac Fiachna, [625.] 
i.e. Mongan, was killed with a stone by Arthur, son of 
Bicur, a Briton ; of which Beg Bairche said : 

Cold is the wind across He 
Which blows against the youth of Cenn-tire ; 
They will commit a cruel deed in consequence ; 
They will kill Mongan, son of Fiachna. 

Cormac the mild, and lollann, son of Fiacha, moriuntur. 
E-onan, son of Tuathal, died : 

The church of Cluain-Airthir to-day 
Illustrious the four on whom it closed : 
Cormac the mild, ivTio submitted to tribulations, 
And Illann, son of Fiacha ; 

And the other pair, 

To whom many territories were obedient 

Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan, 

And Ronan, son of Tuathal. 

Aengus, 4 son of Colman M6r, King of Midhe, was slain. 
Cathal, son of Aedh, King of Mumhan, mortuus est. 

that of Dr. O'Conor, in his eel. of 
Tigern., is very inaccurate. 

8 Kal. vii. The date [ < ot]xxxa. 
(585) appears in the marg. in the 
orig. hand. It represents the year 
G25, allowing for the mistake of 40 

years made by the scribe at the year 
565, and repeated at various dates. 

* Aengus. The death of an Aengus, 
" son of Colman Mor," is also entered 
above under the year 621. See note >, 
p. 76. 



o cnoNicum scoTxmum. 

JCL 1. Ca taethc quo mreppecrup epc piacna mac 
bae-oam .1. Hi "Dalapai-oe. pacna mac "Oemain, .1. Hi 
"Dal, piucac, uicrop epar. 

|Ct. 11. Car; CCjvoa Coppann, "Oalpiar>a tnccopep 
epant ; m quo ceci-on; iacna mac "Oemain la 
*Oailpia-oa [.i. Conna-oh]. Ca Caipn 
ailbe ptam> uiccop epac. 5 U( * 1 t ie CC 1/ o iie P u 5 1T: - Conall 
mac TTlaet-DUib Hi oTTlaine ceciT>it;, ocup TTlaelDUin ocu] 4 
TTlael|iuain ocup Tllaelcal^ai^, Conall mac THaelT)inb 
mic maelbyienxnU" Uipo "Pupfu oprenfa efc. 

]ct. Cac [*0uma CCchep, laj buil$ Lua:a m quo 
ceci*oir; ip^e. ^aelan mac Colmdin, Hi Lai^en, 
bellu m 5or m quo Suibne TDenn mac 
eyiar;. "Oomnall mac CCeTa pupr;. Occifio 
8uibne TTlenn, mic piac-na, 1 ^11015 bpene 6 Congal 
Caec mac S^annail. paufan Columbam pilii ba-mjani 
CCbbaT) Cluana. lu^ulacio Cumam piln Colmam. 
Laigen la "Oomnall. "Domnall mac CCe7>1ia 

]ct. bellum pe-oa Oum m quo TTlaelcaic (.1. Hi 
Cfiuicne) mac Sgannail, uicrofi epac. 
ceciT)e|iunr, er "Oicull mac Gc-oa, Hi dneoil 
ceci*Dic, et; neporef CCe-oan cecn>epunt; .1. Hi^ullan mac 

1 Kal i. The date -olxxxui. (586) 
is written in the margin in the original 
hand. It should be 626. See note 3, 
p. 56. The ferise for this year and 
the following should be, iv and v. 

2 Fiachna. O'Flaherty adds the 
note " R[ex] Ult[oniae]," and the 

* Failbhe Fkmn. " R[ex] Momo- 
nise." Marg. note by O'F. 

5 Guaire Aidfine. " R[ex] Con- 
nacise." Marg. note by O'F. 

Kal. The date -obcxxtmi. (588) 
is written, in the orig. hand, in the 

year 629 as the date of Fiachna's ! "ght marg., the numerals -olxxxun. 
ji ea *h i being written in the left through mis- 

s Cannad Cer. Interlined by I toke - It corresponds to the year 628. 

O'Flaherty, who adds the note " D. 
A., 62}," implying that the event is 
recorded in the Annals of Donegal, 

See note , p. 56. 

The words with- 
in brackets have been interlined by 

or the Four Mast, under the year ! O'Flaherty, who adds in the marg., 
624=627. : "Bolg luathn. de quo nomine D. A. 



Kal. i. 1 Battle of Laethet, in which Fiachna, son of A.D. 
Baedan, King of D&l-Araidhe, was slain. Fiachna, son [626.] 
of Deman, King of Dal-Fiachach, was the victor. 

KaL ii. Battle of Ard Corrann, in ivhich the D&1- [627.] 
Riada were the victors, and Fiachna 2 , son of Deman, was 
slain by the King of D&l-Riada [i.e. Connad Cer]. 3 The 
battle of Carn-Feradhaigh. Failbhe Flann 4 was the 
victor. Guaire Aidhne 5 fled ; Conall, son of Maeldubh, 
King of Ui Maine was slain ; and Maelduin, Maelruain, 
Maelcalgaigh, and Conall, son of Maeldubh, son of Mael- 
bresail were slain also. The Vision of Fursa was manifested. 

Kal. 6 The battle [of Duma Acher] 7 was fought by Bolg [628.] 
Luatha, in which he himself was slain. Faelan, son of 
Colman, King of Laighen, was the victor. The battle of 
Both, in which Suibhne Menn, son of Fiachna, was the 
victor. Dornhnall, son of Aedh, fled. Suibhne Menn, 8 
son of Fiachna, slain at Tragh Brene, by Congal Caech, 
son of Sgannal. Death 9 of Columbanus, son of Baddan, 10 
Abbot of Cluain[-muc-Nois]. Jugulatio of Cuman, son 
of Colman. Devastation of Laighen by Domhnall. 
Domhnall, son of Aedh, reigns. 

KaL The battle of Fidh-Eoin, 11 in which Maelcaich [629.] 
(i.e. King of the Cruithne), son of Sgannal, was victorious. 
The Dalriada were slain, and Dichull,son of Eochaidh, King 
of the Cinel Cruithne, fell; and the descendants of Aedhan 
were slain, viz. : Rigullan, son of Conaing, and Failbhe, 

6 . ..." The Dungallenset Annalet, 
which seem to be indicated by the 
letters D. A., have the death of Bolg- 
luatha, who is called " Lord of Ui 
Cennsealach," at the year 644. The 
orig. text would read "battle of Bolg 
Luatha." The death of Bolg Luatha is 
also recorded under the year 645, infra, 

*Suibkne Menn. "628, R[ex] 
H[ibernise]." Marg. note by O'F. 

' Death, patipon (pausan), A. R 

10 Of Baddan. boro-ocmi, A. B. ; 
generally written bajvocmi (of Bar- 

Battle of Fidh-Eoin. bellum 
Pea 611111 (Bellum Fea Euin), A. B. 
O'F. corrects the "Pea Stun" of A. 
to Pei>ct Coin, as in Tigernach and 
the Ann. Ult. PIT) 60111, gen. Petxx 
Coin, means the " Bird's Wood," or 
"John's Wood." The place has not 
yet been identified. 




ocup paettte mac ec-oac, ec Opipicc mac 

Saxan, cum pqfiage maxima puopum. TTlojip 
Oacac buiT>e mic CCe-oam anno .xx. pe^ni pui. Car T)uin 
Ceicenn in quo Congal Caec pupu, ec "Domnall mac 
CCe-oa uiccop, efiar, m quo cecitnr; ^uai^e aillpec, mac 

[Ct. ui. Car; Lecaifibi eiTHfi duel pen.a7>hai ocup 
Qrnel^mic 6|icg m quo TYlaelpr|ii ceciDir. 6|inan 
mac piacna uicson. efiar:. 

lu^ulano byiainT)UiB mic TDaetcoBa. TTlo|if Connai'5 
Ci|i|i, uc alii Tncunt; anno 1. ^egm fui [qui uiccuf efr] 
m betlo pe-oa Gum. T)o|imiT:ario pmnram mic TTlaet- 
0016. TTIobai mac hui CClT)ai. TTlofif CCelb, Hi Saxan. 

]ct. 1111. TTlofi-p dne-oa mic Luchcfien, jiegif PIC- 

|ct. u. beltum CC^a CCbla in quo ceci7>it; T)icult mac 
ta fHumain. 1nif 

]ct. 111. Ca CCra ^oan m layicup. tippe m quo ceci-oic 
Cp-emrann mac CCo-oa, mic 8enai|, Ri Laien. paelan 
mac Colmain, ec Conall mac Smbne, Hi rni-be, 
Pailbe plann, Ri TTluman, uiccofiep eiianr. baf 
TTluman. Onan "O|\oma Rairi quieuic. 

1 Osiricc. OijVicc (Oiricc), A. B. ; 
corrected to Osiricc by O'Flaherty. 
His death is not noticed by Bede, or 
the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 

* Eochaidh Buidke. O'Flaherty 
writes "Rex Scotorum" in the marg., 
and adds the date " 629." 

3 Battle of Dun Ceitkern. The 
same annotator adds " Dun Kethern 
pnelium, 629," and also the further 
note, "t)ap CaiUin mic "Dima o 
Liatmiiine (' Death of Cailchin, son 
of Dima, from Liathmaine'), supra, 
13 b." The ref. is to the copy of 
Tigernach's Annals bound up with 
the orig. of this Chronicle. 

Kal. vi. The ferial numbers for 

this and the four following years 
should be, respectively, ii., iii., iv., 
vi., and vii. 

8 Who wets vanquished. The words 
"'qui victus est, s[upra]," have been 
interpolated by O'Flaherty, who has 
also added a marginal note, of which 
only the following can now be read, 
viz.: "Connadius Kerr, [Dal]riedi 
Dominus .... ad ann. 624." The 
reference (" supra") is to the copy of 
Tigernach in Class H. 1, 18, Trin. 
Coll., Dublin, in which the entry of 
Connadh Cerr's death, at the year 
630, reads thus: "Octp Connai-o 
Ciyifi, uc alii Tjiamc, anno pyunio 
fin, Oftii uicciif e^ i each 



son of Eochaidh, and Osiricc, 1 son of Albirt, royal heir A.D. 
of the Saxons, with a great slaughter of their people. 
Death of Eochaidh Buidhe, 2 son of Aedhan, in the 20th 
year of his reign. The battle of Dun-Ceithern, 3 in 
which Congal Caech was put to flight, and Domhnall, 
son of Aedh, was triumphant; and in which Guaire 
Gaillsech, son of Forannan, was slain. 

Kal. vi. 4 The battle of Lethairbhe was fought between [630.] 
the Cinel Feradhaigh and Cinel Mac Erca. in which 
Maelfithrigh was slain. Ernan, son of Fiachna, was the 

Jugulatio of Brandubh, son of Maelcobha. Death of 
Connadh Cerr, as some say, in the first year of his reign ; 
[who was vanquished] 5 in the battle of Fidh-Eoin. Rest 
of Finntan, son of Maeldubh. Mobai Mac Hui Aldai rested. 
Death of Aelle, 6 King of the Saxons. 

Kal. vii. Death of Cened, son of Luchtren, King of [631.] 
the Picts. 

Kal. v. Battle of Ath Abhla, in which Dicull, son of [632.] 
Fergus Tuile, was slain by the men of Mumhan. Inis 
Medgoit 7 was founded. 

Kal. iii. 8 The battle of Ath Goan, in larthar Liffe, in [633.] 
which Crimthann, son of Aedh, son of Senach, King of 
Laighen, was slain. Faelan, son of Colman ; and Conall, 
son of Suibhne, King of Midhe ; and Failbhe Flann, King 
of Mumhan, were the victors. Death of Mor Mumhan. 
Enan of Druini-Raithe quievit. 

&OITI ;" t.e. "Death of Connadh 
Cerr, as some say, in the first year of 
his reign, who was vanquished in the 
battle of Fidh-Eoin." 

jEtle. ealloc, A. B. A muti- 
lated marginal note, in O'Flaherty's 
handwriting, reads "Edwin f[ilius] 
. . . R[egis] Sax[onum] A. 6. ... 
Saxonum." The annotator probably 
meant to signify that the death of 
Edwin, son of ,/Elle, should be here 

recorded, as file's obit is entered in 
the Saxon Chronicle at the year 588, 
and Edwin's at the year 633. 

7 Init Medgoit. O'Flaherty has 
added a note, of which only the frag- 
ment "ab Aidano Lindisfarn .... 

2 eadem est Lind " 

can now be read. He also writes the 
date "634" in the marg. 

*KaL iii. The date "635" has 
been added by O'F. 


84 CRomcum sco^onum. 

|Ct. 1111. lugulacio T>uofium piliofium CCefta Slame 
la Conall mac Suibne 05 Loc 'Cpecm. oc pnemam .1. 
Cental Hi bfie fen acaifi hi Conaing, er CCiblt 
Cfiuinjie penaraifi 8il "Olurai^. Occifio Conaill mic 
Suibne, Hi TYli-oi i raig mic Napjioic la "Oiafiman) mac 
CCe-fca Slame. (fuiep pntani (TTIuntiu) pilii "Gelcan in 
.xii. ]ct. Nouembfiif, ec 6|inaine mic Cjiepine. Car 
Seagaifi in quo ceci'De|iunt; Locene mac "Neccam 
Cennpo-oa, ec Cumufccoc mac CCon^ufa. 

|ct. lugulacio Gfinane mic piacna qui uicic TTlaol- 
mac CCe^a CCllamn a ccac tecaifibe. 

Caficaig .1. TTlocu'Da .1. TTlocra mic 
o Hairiun m T>iebuf pafcbae. 

]ct. Car TTlai^e Hoc fiia n"0omnall mac CCex>a 
|iia maccoiB CCe-oa Slame, (f67> "Oomnall mac CCe-oa 
fiegnauir 'Cemoniam m illo rempo|ie), m quo 
Con^al Caec Hi Ula-o, ocuf paelcu mac 
Hi Tni-De, i ppjii6|uin, cum mulcif nobilibuf. 

Car 8aelci|ie fiia Conall Gael mac TDaelcoba, pop 
Cm el nGogam m eoT>em "Die. TTIofip pailbe Hi TTluman. 
Cfuief TTlocra Hairm hi .11. iu TTlai. 

}ct. 1. bellum ^Imne maifiifon m quo pamiba 
"Oomnaill bfiicc m pugam uen,fa efc, ec obpeppio 
6cam. Cjionan mac tl LoegDe, CCbb Cluana muc W6ip, 
quieuir. Obicuf "Dacua ballae. 

]ct. 11. lugulacio Conjail mic "OuncboDa. Obicuf 

1 Cumusgach. qmupccoc, A. B. ; 
the letters cu being represented by q. 

* Mochuda. The words "i.e. Mo- 
chuda, ie. Mochta, son of Firaull," 
are added in A., in the original hand, 
as a gloss, over the entry. 

5 Ruled Temhair. This is equiva- 
lent to saying that Domhnall was 

iv. O'F. adds the date 
"636." The entries under this year 
in this Chronicle are divided between 
two years in the Annals of Ulster. 
Dr. O'Conor follows the arrangement 
of the latter in his ed. of Tigern. 
See n. *, p. 86. 

Fintan. O'Flaherty has added a 

raarg. note, now nearly destroyed, Monarch of Erinn. O'Flaherty adds 

signifying that Ussher (Index CAron.) 
has Fintan's " quies," or obit, at the 

the note "[634] D. A.; sed 637, 
Uss r . ;" implying that the battle of 
Magh Rath is entered in the Ann. Four 



Mast, at the year 634, but under 
the year 637 in Ussher's Index Chron. 

9 Quiet (death) of Mochta. " 637, 
Ussher; quies Mochuda.'' Marg. 
note, O'F. 

7 Glenn Mairiton. " In Scotia." 
Marg. note, O'F. "Not Glenmori- 
son, on Loch Ness, in Inverness, as 

Chalmers (i., p. 286) suggests, but a 
tract in the debatable ground of 
West Lothian." Reeves's Adamnan, 
p. 202, note. 

8 Dachua. Called " Mochua" in 
Tigern., the Ann. Ult., and the Four 

Kal. iv. 1 Jugulatio of the two sons of Aedh Slaine, by A.D. 
Conall, son of Suibhne, at Loch Trethin near Fremhain, 
viz. : Congal, King of Bregh, ancestor of the Ui Conaing, 
and Ailiil Cruitire, ancestor of the Sil Dluthaigh. Mur- 
der of Conall, son of Suibhne, King of Midhe, in Mac 
Nafraich's house, by Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine. Quies 
of Fintan 2 (Munnu), son of Telchan, on the 12th of the 
kalends of November ; and of Ernan, son of Cresin. The 
battle of Seaghais, in which Lochene, son of Nechtan 
Cennfoda, and Cumusgach, 3 son of Aengus, were slain. 

Kal. Jugulatio of Ernan, son of Fiachna, who van- [635.] 
quished Maelfitrigh, son of Aedh Allann, in the battle of 

Expulsion of Carthach, i.e. Mochuda, 4 i.e. Mochta, son 
of Firaull, from Raithin, in diebus Paschae. 

Kal. The battle of Magh Rath gained by Domhnall, [636.] 
son of Aedh, and the sons of Aedh Slaine, (but Domhnall, 
son of Aedh, ruled Temhair 5 at that time) ; in which 
Congal Caech, King of Uladh, and Faelchu, son of 
Airmedhach, King of Midhe, were slain in the heat of 
battle, together with many chieftains. 

The battle of Saeltire was gained by Conall Gael, son 
of Maelcobha, over the Cinel Eoghain, on the same day. 
Death of Failbhe, King of Mumhan. Quies of Mochta 6 of 
Raithin, on the 2nd of the Ides of May. 

Kal. i. Battle of Glen Mairison, 7 in which the army of [637.] 
Domhnall Breac was routed ; and the siege of Etan. 
Cronan Mac U Loeghde, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. Death of Dachua 8 of Balk. 

Kal. ii. Jugulatio of Congal, son of Dunchadh. Death [638.] 



uxofiip "OomncnU. Cfuiep Cniran in-o CCen- 
op.inm. Cftnep CCe-oa "Ouib (.1. Hi Lai^en) CCbbanf 
Cille"0afia. "Oalaippi mac tlu Invoae, CCbb Leir^lmne, 
qtnetnc. Tttop.p CCilealla (.1. p.eip Lenten) mic CCeT>a 
Rom. hoc rempojie T60T>op.up papa -plonuiu. 

Jet. 111. Car Cardiac dnn Con la 1T)Umain. Oen^up 
Liacana [o ^inn T)amain] uiccop. epxrc, er; maeVotnn 
mac CCe-oa bennam -pupr. bap TTIaeluiTnp. Caeic, 
fie^if 0|nenr;alium, ec baf b|iuiT>e mic "Poir. LopccaD 
TTlaeliDUin mic CCeTa an Imp Cain, lu^utacio TTlaeli- 
oum mic "Pefigufa mic TTlaeti-Dum mic Cotmchn. 

Cfuief TDa^am Inbefi *0aile. 

]ct. TT1o|if T)omnaill mic CCe-ba f^B 1 ? ^ibefimae m 
pine lanuafiii .xin. anno fie^ni fui, an CCn/o "Pocai^. 
Popcea "Oon^nall byiec m bello 8|iaca Cayium m pne 
anni, in "Oecembfie incefipecruf epc, anno .xii. tiegni 
fui, ab hoan jiege bp^iconum. 

CCibtla mic Colmdin iei enen Ixxe- 

]ct. i. Tlic 

pofc T)omnaU. 

1 Domhnall; i.e. Monarch of Erinn. 

8 Aendruim ; otherwise Naendruim, 
or Nendrum ; now Mahee Island, in 
Strangford Lough. See Keeves's 
Eccl Antiq., p. 148. 

8 Dalaise Mac Ua Imdae. O'Fla- 
herty has corrected this name to 
" Molaise Mac Ua Dimae," in Tiger- 
nach. It is written " Dalaise Mac hu 
Imdae " in the Four Mast. B. reads 
"Molaisse Mac Ua Duma." The 
form Molaisse, or Molaise, is the more 
correct The marg. note, " 639, obiit 
Molassius, Ussher," has been added 
by O'F. 

* King of Laighen. The words 
" T^e^f ^05^" are written as a gloss 
over the name of Ailill in A., but 
omitted in B. Dr. O'Conor reads the 
gloss "Regis Luginse." Her. Bib. 

Script., torn, ii., p. 194. AililTs name 
appears in the list of Kings of Ui 
Failghe, or Offaly, preserved in the 
Book qfLeinster. At the end of this 
entry O'Flaherty adds " Cuan mac 
GCmalgait) (Cuan, son of Amal- 
gaidhj, Rex Momoniae obiit; supra, 
13 b. ; sed perperam Momoniae." The 
ref. " 13 b." is to the Dublin (Trin. 
ColL) copy of Tigernach. 

* From Glenn Damhain. o ^'^"1 
"Dattiair. ; interlineation by O'F. hi 
A., which is taken into the text in B. 
The events of this year also are di- 
vided between two years in the Ann. 
Ult., and by Dr. O'Conor in his ed. of 
Tigern. Hence the chronology of this 
chronicle is not at one with the reckon- 
ing of those Annals from this down 
to the year 718. See n. 1 , p. 84. 



of Duinsech, wife of Domhnall. 1 Quies of Critan, in A.D. 
Aendruim. 2 Quies of Aedh Dubh (i.e. King of Laighen), [ess.] 
Abbot of Cill-Dara. Dalaise Mac Ua Imdae, 3 Abbot of 
Leithglinn, quievit. Death of Ailill (i.e. King of 
Laighen 4 ), son of Aedh Koin. At this time Pope 
Theodoras flourished. 

Kal. iii. Battle of Cathair-Cinn-Conn in Mumhan. [639.] 
Aengus Liathana [from Glenn Damhain] 5 was victorious, 
and Maelduin, son of Aedh Bennan, was put to flight. 
Death of Maelodhar Caech, King of Airthera ; and death 6 
of Bruidhe, son of Foth. Burning of Maelduin, 7 son of 
Aedh, in Inis-Cain. Jugulatio of Maelduin, son of 
Fergus, son of Maelduin, son of Colman. 

Quies of Dagan 8 of Inbher Daile. 

Kal. Death of Domhnall, 9 son of Aedh, King of [640.] 
Hibernia, at Ard Fothaigh, in the end of January, in the 
13th year of his reign. Domhnall 10 Brec was slain by 
Hoan, King of the Britons, in the battle of Srath Caruin, 11 
in the end of the year, in December, in the 12th year of 
his reign. 

Jugulatio of Ailill, son of Colman, King of the Ui 

KaL vi. 12 Here it is doubted who reigned after [641.] 
Domhnall. Some historians allege four kings to have 

6 Death, bctf , A. ; omitted in B. 

7 Burning of Maelduin. larcccro 

TTIaeliT)., fortofcccro TDael.i'ouiri, 
A. B. O'Flaherty has drawn his pen 
through these words in A., referring 
the reader to "13 b." (i.e. of the 
Dublin copy of Tigernach). But 
the entry is corrupt in the latter MS. 
lie also adds the note "ConToan 
mac "Da Ceafi-oa (Comdan, son of 
Da Cearda) obiit, 13 b., supra," refer- 
ring to the last mentioned authority, 
in which the entry occurs at the place 

8 Quiet (i.e. death} of Dagan, The 

date "642" has been added in the 
marg. by O'F. 

9 Domhnall. O'F. refers the death 
of Domhnall to the year 642. 

w Domhnall Brec. "Rex Scoto- 
rum." Marg. note, O'F. 

Of Srath Caruin. Sfioca Ca- 
fuiin, A. B. Over the word Cajuiin, 
in A., O'Flaherty has written " Cai\- 
maic (Carmaic)." This event is also 
entered, through mistake, under the 
year 682, infra. See Dr. Reeves's 
note on the subject, Adamnan, p. 202. 

12 Kal. vi. Corrected to "Kal. 3" 
by O'Flaherty, who considers 642 to 
be the proper date. 



.1. Ceallac ec Con all Cael, ec -oa mac CCefta Slame .1. 
"Oiap.mai7) ocup blacmac, pejimixca fiegna. 

bctff Tluaiple pibae Suibne mic Colmdm .1. fiigan 
Paeldin Ri Laigen. Cfuiep Cjionan eppcop NaenDfioma- 
Car dnn con. Ceallac ocup Con all Cael fiegnafie 
mcipiunt;. bap Scanlain TTloin. mic [Cjinnpaelaft, Hi 
Offiaige. bdpp Cuanac mic Cailcin .1. Laoc Liacmume, 
Ri pefmroai^e. 

]ct. lugulacio neporum bogume, TY1 aelbp.eTTC(il ec 
TTIaelan-pai-o enaig. TDochoe MaenT>fioma quieuir. 

]ct. THcftf pu|xuT>p,am plii bece mic Cuanac Ri Ua 
TT1 ic tlaif. Locene mac Pmgm Ri Cfiuirne obiic. Car 
^abfia eiT)ip- LaigmB muicem. 

let. 5 U1T1 ^can-oldm mic becme mic piacftaf, Ri 
Cfiuirnec. mac Laiffie, CCb ben-ocain., quieuic. beT>a 
cunc naruf efc. Hoc cempope TTlap-cianuf papa 

]ct. TTlaelcoba mac pmcna, fiex tJlaf*, 

la Cental Cen-opaDa mac T>uncha-oa. [bdf] 
Luarha, Ri Ua CmT>fiolaicc. 

]ct. ^um Ra^allaigh mic UaT>ac, Ri Connachr; .1. 
la TT1 aelb|H5T>e mac Tflorhlacan .1. Cojicu Cullu occi-o- 

1 Battle of Cinn-Chon. This seems 
to be a repetition of the entry "Battle 
of Cathair Cinn-Conn," which appears 
under the year 639. 

8 Laech Liathmhaine ; .. "the hero 
of Liathmhain," or of Cloch-Liath- 
mhuine, a place in the parish of Kil- 
gullane, bar. of Fermoy, and co. of 
Cork. The words "Laoch Licrchm- 
hnme," which occur in Tigern., have 
been interlined by O'F. in A., and 
copied in B. 

8 Lochene. "R[ex] Pictorum." 
Marg. note, O'F. 

< King of the Cruithne. |ii 
Ctxuicnec, A. B. "Rex Pictorum 
Hiberniae;" marg. note, O'F. For 
n account of the Irish Cruithnigh, 

or Picts, see Reeves's Adamnan, p. 94 
note h ; and Todd's Iritk Nennius, 
p. xxix. 

8 Beda. O'Flaherty adds the note 
"673, Ussher," in the marg., to sig- 
nify that the birth of Bede is recorded 
by Ussher (Index Chran.} at that 
year. It is entered in 'Conor's ed. 
of Tigern. under the year 646. For 
the precise date of Bede's birth, see 
T. Duffus Hardy's Cat. of Brit. Hitt., 
vol. i., p*. i., p. 446. 

6 Martin. TTIaficicmuf (Marci- 
anus), for TT1 ctficmtip (Martinus), 
A. B. Pope Martin I. is meant, who 
reigned from 649 to 655. 

7 [Deati] of Bolg Luatha. boilj; 



reigned in joint sovereignty, viz. : Ceallach and Conall 
Gael, and two sons of Aedh Slaine, i.e. Diarmaid and 

Death of Huaisle, daughter of Suibhne son of Colman, 
i.e. the queen of Faelan, King of Laighen. Quies of 
Cronan, Bishop of Naendruim. Battle of Cinn-Chon. 1 
Ceallach and Conall Gael begin to reign. Death of 
Scanlan M6r, son of Cennfaeladh, King of Osraighe. 
Death of Guana, son of Calcin, i.e. Laech Liathmhaine, 2 
King of Fernmhaighe. 

Kal. Jugulatio of the descendants of Boghain [viz. : ] 
Maelbresail and Maelanfaidh Enaigh. Mochae of Naen- 
druim quievit. 

Kal. Death of Furadran, son of Bee, son of Guana, 
King of Ui-Mic-Uais. Lochene, 3 son of Finghin, King 
of the Cruithne, died. Battle of Gabhra between the 
Lagenians themselves. 

Kal. [Mortal] wounding of Scannlan, son of Becin, 
son of Fiachra, King of the Cruithne. 4 Mac Laisre, 
Abbot of Bennchair, quievit. Beda 5 was born now. At 
this time Pope Martin 6 flourished. 

Kal. Maelcobha, son of Fiachna, King of Uladh, was 
slain by Congal Cennfoda, son of Dunchadh. [Death] of 
Bolg Luatha, 7 King of Ui Cennsealach. 

Kal. [Mortal] wounding of Raghallach, son of Uada, 
of Connacht, i.e. by Maelbrighde, son of Mothlachan, 








lticrca, A. B., for btntg Luata, 
the gen. of botg Luaca. The name 
being in the gen. case, it seemed clear 
that some word, or words, had been 
omitted in the text; and the entry 
being manifestly the obit of Bolg 
Luatha, the word b<Sp (death) has 
been supplied. At the end of the 
entry in A., O Flaherty adds "Mor- 
tuus est, 14 a," referring to the copy 
of Tigern. in the MS. H. 1, 18, Trin. 
Coll., Dab., which, at the year 647, 

reads "fJolg luoxtio jx. h. 
fetaigh mojxcutip e-pc." But in 
the latter chronicle, at the year 628, 
and under the same year, supra, Bolg 
Luatha is stated to have been slain 
in the battle of Duma Acher. The 
Ann. Ult., at the year 646=647, have 
" bel. Cotgan mic Cfianmael 
ftf tltiae Cennpel- 
"Battle of Colga, son of 
Crunmael Bolg Luatha, Ring of Ui 



en.unc eum. Ca Cain.n Conaill in -01 e 
ubi -DUO Cuan ceciT>en.unt; .1. Cucm mac C^roa Ri ITIuman 
ocuf Cuan mac Cain.111 Ri tlua Pp-o^ence, ocuf "Colo- 
mnac Ri hua liaain, er; guaine pupc, ec TMajimaiT) 
mac CCe-oa 8lame uicron. en,ar;. 

("Dm -Domnaig, afeft iafiom -DO IUIT> T)ian.maiT> -DO 
an ccrca fin .1. qii Cluam muc Noif, ocuf -DO 
famaT) Ciajiain ei:la paip, co n^a^ flan -oincaib 
a copai-feeachca fom. 1afi ^o-b layiom an Ri |u> eT>bai|i 
"Doimnetic cona po-otaiB .1. ticrc TTIancan m-oiti a amm, 
map, po"o ppi alcoin, "oo Ciapan ; ocuf T)O ben.c ceoyia 
c|Hfri -po^i Ri TTliT)e -oa ccairea-o nech T>ia muinT:i|i CIT> 
015 nufque; coni'D T>e fin fio jio^afir; T)ia|imaiT) a 
aTmacol a ccluam muc Woif.) 

Cfuief pufifa m pa|i|iunna 1 Ppfian^coib, fecun-oum 
ab of. TTlochaemos Leir; moifi mop,iT:up,. 

]ct. Ca^ Ofpa ffiia panre m quo panca cum ccocx. 
ceciT>iT;. Ca *Dum Cp,imramn m quo CGCIDIC 
mac "Domnaill [mic CCe-ba]. plii TTlaelcoba 
epanc .1. Conall Cael ocuf Ceallac. 
Caufai5 mic "Oomnaill b|nc. TTIon-f Cfionam 

let. ^um 7>a mac blacmac mic CCeT>a 8ldine .1. 
"DonnchaT) ocuf Conall la TTlaelo'DjKiin, 7>o Laijmb 1 
muilmT) HnailoT)|iain. Quief CCe-oam Opfcoip 8axan. 
1u5ular;io Oifine mic 

1 On Sunday. The paragraph en- 
closed in parentheses occurs as a gloss 
by the orig. hand, over the preceding 
entry, in A. It is misplaced in B. 

8 Fursa. There is a marg. note in 
O'F.'s hand, of which only the follow- 
ing can be read, viz. : " [65]4. S. 
Furseus . . . Peronae obiit. [Codex] 
Cl[uanensis] Rectius, 652." 

3 According to some. y. al/lOf, for 
fecutvoum aliof (secunduin alios), 
A. paliof, B., the transcriber of 

which mistook the abbrev. r. for the 
letter p. 

* Oswiu. Ofyxx (Ossa), A. B. 

* Penda. panca (Panta), A. B. 
O'Flaherty has added a marg. note, 
of which only the fragment " . . . . 
Beda. [Pen] da, Merciorum R[ex], 
[65]f," can now be read. The death 
of Penda is recorded in the Anglo- 
Saxon Chron. under the year 654. 

6 [Son of Aedli]. mic CCet>a; 
supplied by O'F. in A. ; and copied 
in B. 



viz. : the Corca Cullu that slew him. The battle of A -D- 
Carn Conaill fought on Whitsunday, in which two Cuans [646.] 
were slain, viz. : Cuan, son of Enna, King of Mumhan, 
and Cuan, son of Cairell, King of Ui Fidhgheinte ; and 
Tolomnach, King of Ui Liathain, was killed. Guaire fled ; 
and Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, was victorious. 

(On Sunday. 1 The way that Diarmaid went to fight 
the battle, moreover, was through Cluain-muc-Nois, and 
Ciaran's congregation prayed for him, that he might 
return safe through the merits of their supplications. 
Subsequently, on the return of the King, he presented 
Doimnerc with its subdivisions, viz. : Liath Manchan is 
its name to-day, as an altar sod to Ciaran ; and he imposed 
three curses on the King of Midhe, if one of his people 
consumed even a drink of water thereof. Wherefore it was 
that Diarmaid ordered that he should be buried in Cluain- 

Quies of Fursa 2 in Peronne, in France, according to 
some. 3 Mochaemh6g, of Liath-M6r, moritur. 

Kal. A battle fought by Oswiu 4 against Penda, 5 in [647.] 
which Penda was slain, together with 30 kings. The 
battle of Dun Crimhthainn, in which Aengus, son of 
Domhnall [son of Aedh] 6 was slain. The sons of Mael- 
cobha, viz. : Conall Gael and Ceallach, were the victors. 
Death of Cathusach, son of Domhnall Brec. Death of 
Cronan, of Magh Bile. 

Kal. [Mortal] wounding of the two sons of Blathmac, [648.] 
viz.: Donnchadh and Conall, by Maelodhran, 7 of the 
Lagenians, in Maelodhran's mill. Quies of Aedhan, 8 
Bishop of the Saxons. Murder of Oswine, son of Osric : 

i By Maelodhran. La TTlaelo- 
T>fian. These words are misplaced 
in the MSS. A. and B., in which they 
occur at the end of the second entry 
succeeding, as if Oswine had been 
murdered by Maelodhran. A similar 
mistake occur* in all the copies of 

Tigernach. See Dr. O'Conor's ed. 6f 
the Ann. Tig., Her. Hib. Script., vol. 
ii., p. 198, ad ann. 651. 

8 Quies of Aedhan. " Aidan, Lin- 
disfarn . . [obiit] 31 August, 651." 
Marg. note, O'F. 



CC mtnlmn, 

Cia po melc m6p TJO cuipinn ; 
Mi bo comailc pop, f ep-bauro 
[CC] po melc pop hu Cepbaill. 

CC[n] spam melef an mm lent) 
Hi copca ace if Tjepj; ctnpenn 
Ifoi po^lcro an cptnnn maip, 
mtnlmn TTlaelo'Dp.ain. 

]ct. Obicup Severn CCbbcrcif 1ae. Cfuiep CCefca toga 
CCbbcrcif Cluana muc "Moi-p; -01 ^mlenccaiB Copamn a 
cinet .1. mac Samcnn. T)opnnicaT:io TTlamcem (Xbbcrcif 
Tnencropocaic. Immpe^ Guile Coppa m quo ced'oic 
Cuilene mac "Popannam, Hi 6 -p^ailge. fnael7)peic 
ocup Oncu uiccopep epanr:. Cu^amna mac Sinbne 
mopicup. Uir;alianuf papa hoc cempope -plopuic. 

]ct. 1u5ulario Conaill Coip. Cac Connachc .1. 
lapraip 8eota m quo cecnjir; TTlapcan mac 'Coman Ri 
.h. TTlaine. Cenn-paola-D mac Colgam, ocup THaenac 
mac blain, Hi Ua mbpium, uiccopep epanc. TTlaelT)oiT> 
mac 8uibne, Hi TTli'be, mopirup. 

]ct. lugutacio Conaitt mic TTlaeticoba. Cotman 
Gprcop, mac tlui "CelluiB, ocup Oipine po-oa, T>UO CCb- 
bacep Cluana ipaipT) quieuepunc. 1usular:io 

l [When thou] didst grind. "|u> 
melc" (" did grind"), A. B. a nx> 
melc, Tigem. an no melc, Four 

9 The grain, a 
A. B. an STtcnn, Tigern., and Four 

' Gnat tree ; ie. Cerbhall, the an- 
cestor of Donnchadh and Conall. 

Kal. This is the year 652 ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty, who adds the 
marg. note "Camin 1nre Celcp,ach 
(Gamin, of Inis Celtra) obiit, supra 
(i.e. Ann. Tigern., Dublin copy), fol. 
Ha. A. 652, Ussher." 

Marcan. " 653, Cod[ex] Cl[uan- 
ensis]." Marg. note, O'F., to signify 
that Marcan's death is entered under 
the year 653 in the Annals of Tiger- 

Conall. O'Flaherty, following 
Ussher and the Codex Cluanensis. 
refers the death of Conall to the year 
654. He also subjoins the following 
note, at foot of pages 26-27, in A. : 
" ' 654, Jugulatio Conalli Regis Hi- 
berniae. 654, Mors Kellachi Regis 
Hibernise.' Ita heic et apud Tiger- 
nacum, supra [i.e. Codicem Dub- 
lin iensem], fol. 14 a, ad eosdem 
annos. Unde Warieus idem videtar 



0, Mill ! A.D. 

Though thou grindest much of wheat ; 
It was not grinding oats thou wert 
[When thou] didst grind 1 the descendants of Cerbhaill. 

The grain* which the mill grinds 
Is not oats, but it is red wheat ; 
With scions of the great tree 8 
Is fed the mill of Maelodhran. 

Kal. 4 Death of Segene, Abbot of Hi. Quies of [649.] 
Aedhlugh, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois. His family was 
of the Gailenga of Corann, viz. : he was son of Saman. 
Dormitatio of Manchen, Abbot of Menadrochit. The 
battle of Cuil Corra, in which Cuilene, son of Forannan, 
King of Ui Failghe, was slain. Maeldreith and Onchu 
were the victors. Cugamhna, son of Suibhne, moritur. 
Pope Vitalian flourished at this time. 

Kal. Murder of Conall Cor. Battle of Connacht, i.e. [660.] 
of larthar Seola, in which Marcan, 5 son of Toman, King 
of Ui-Maine, was slain. Cennfaeladh, son of Colgan, and 
Maenach, son of Blathin, King of Ui Briuin, were the 
victors. Maeldoid, son of Suibhne, King of Midhe, died. 

Kal. Jugulatio of Conall, 6 son of Maelcobha. Bishop [661.] 
Colman Mac Ua Tellubh, and Oisine Foda, 7 two Abbots 
of Cluain-iraird, quieverunt. Jugulatio of Fergus, son 

excerpsisse lib. de Antiq. Hibernia?, 
p. 23 ; ed. 2. [Con]allum a Diermitio 
2 f. Aid! Slani occisum, et Kellachum 
apud bp.U5 "a boinne mortuum 
omnes habent . . . . m. Kellachi 
mortem ante Conalli necem ponunt 
Flannias de Monasterio, in poemate 
fol.H4a,b .... [et Gilla] Moduda 
in suo de C[hrist.] R[egib.] Hiberniae 
poemate, ful. 13 a; et Cod. Cluan- 
[ensis] apud Goghaganum, Conalli 


De his porro Codex Lecan, fol. 309 a, 
col. 2 (apnd me. p. 20), Conallu* et 

Kellacbus, filii Mtelcobae Regis Hiber- 
niie, Reges Hiberniae. Kellacbus in 
Bonnio submenus [est] vel morbo 
abreptus apud bfiuj (Brugh) a Bon- 
nio ; cadaver abreptum ad etc cuijxp 
OC IITTO ec. Conallus a successore 
occisus in praelio Odba ad boream 

Temoriae." " fratre sed ex- 

tincto regni consorte Conallus quatuor 
autumnos usque superstes erat." The 
death of Kellach, or Ceallach, is 
entered under the year 654, infra. 

* Foda; i.e. "the long." o2, 
for PO-DO, A. J?ofi, B. 



mic "Oomnaill, ocuf peyi^Uf a mic Ro^allais, ocuf OCe-ba 
berfia mic Cm mine, ta "U ppiacjiac CCi-ftne. 

Car Sn.ea &ca\\vc fie "Cotafican mac OCmpn.i Hi 
Cfiuicnec, 7>u araoficaifi "Duncha-oh mac Conamj; 
Congal mac Ron am. CCo-o Ron mac TT1 aelcoba 

]ct. Cac plefccaig ubi ceciwc Cumufccoc mac 
Oiblla, Ri h. ccpemramn, m quo Cfuiiromaol mac 
Suibne Ri Cineoit 6050111 tncrofi puir. Lai^Tien [mac 
Colmam] Ri Connacc moficuuf efr. TTIofif Cfiun-omailt 
mic Ronain, Ri taigen "Oef^abaiii. 

]ct. Cfuief Ulcani mic tli Conchuphaiyi, hi .11. non. 
8epcembp,if. Cfuief 8uibne mic Ctnn.rp.1 CCb 1ae. Cere 
T)elenn m quomcefipec^Uf efc TTlaet'ooi'D mac Conam^ 
t Conaill. TTlo|if 'Colaiisam mic CCnpn.1t:, Ri Cyiuirnec. 
Cfuief Con came Citte tebe. 

]cb Tnojif Cealtais mic TTlaetcoba ifin mbfiu|. 
baf Ceattai mic 8a|iam, CCbb Ocna TTIoin.e. TTlocua 
mac Londm quieuic. 

jet. *0ima *Oup Gp^cop Connefie ocuf Cmmme 6pf- 
cop MaenDpoma, ocuf 8iltan Op^cop *Daimmnfi, 
"Ouncha-oh mac CCe-oa Sldine mojicui flint;, 
Oin.cDOiT> mic Secnupaig ocuf Concmn mic L 

]cb Obmif pndm mic Rimex>a. 6p|X}op Cotmdn 
locha quieuic, ec "Oamet Opfcop Cmnsap-aD 
tnofif OcDai| mic btarbmaic mic CCefca 
8lame. ^um paetam Ri Offiaise T>O LaigmC. TDae- 

1 Battle of Sratk-Edairt. " 658, 
hoc pralium." Marg. note, O'F. 

8 Tolarcan. The marg. note " Rex 
Pictorum" is added by O'F. 

OfAnfrith. CCinpch, A. B. 

* Son of Colman. Interlined by 
O'F., who adds " supra, 14 a," refer- 
ring to the copy of Tigernach in Trin. 
Coll., Dublin, class H. 1, 18. The 
date "655" has also been noted in 
the marg. by the same hand. 

*Mortwttit. m.2, A.B. The 

word " Lepra" is added in the orig. 
hand in A., to denote that Laighnen 
died of that disease. It is omitted 
in B. 

6 King of Laighen Desgabhair. 
" R[ex] Lagenite Australis." Marg. 
note, O'F. 

7 Kal. This is the year 657 ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty. 

8 Quies (deatJi) of Concain. " 657. 
Cod[ex] Cl[uanensis]." Marg. note, 
O'F. In the Dublin copy of the 



of Domlmall ; of Fergus, son of Raghallach, and of Aedh A.D. 
Bethra, son of Cuimin, by the Ui Fiacrach Aidhne. [651.] 

Battle of Srath-Edairt 1 gained by Tolarcan, 2 son of 
Anfrith, 3 King of the Cruithne, in which Dunchadh, son 
of Conaing, and Congal, son of Ronan, were slain. Aedh 
Ron, son of Maelcobha, mortuus est. 

Kal. Battle of Flescach, in which Cumuscach, son of [652.] 
Ailill, King of Ui Crimthainn, was slain, and Crundmael, 
son of Suibhne, King of the Cinel Eoghain, was the 
victor. Laighnen [son of Colman], 4 King of Connacht, 
mortuus est. 5 Death of Crundmael Erbuilg, son of Ronan, 
King of Laighen Desgabhair. 6 

Kal. 7 [4.] Quies of Ultan Mac Ui Conchobhair, on the [653.] 
second of the Nones of September. Quies of Suibhne, son 
of Cuirtri, Abbot of Hi. Battle of Delenn, in which 
Maeldoid, son of Conaing, or Conall, was slain. Death of 
Tolarcan, son of Anfrith, King of the Cruithne. Quies 
of Concain, 8 of Cill-Slebhe. 

Kal. Death of Ceallach, 9 son of Maelcobha, in the 
Brugh. Death of Ceallach, son of Saran, Abbot of [F]othan 
M6r. Mochua, son of Lonan, quievit. 

Kal. Dima Dubh, Bishop of Conner ; Cuimine, Bishop 10 
of Naendruim; Sillan, Bishop of Daimhinis, 11 and Dun- 
chadh, son of Aedh Slaine, mortui sunt. Jugulatio of 
Orcdoid, son of Sechnasach, and of Cuchenn, son of 

Kal. Death of Finan, son of Rimidh. Bishop Colman [656.] 
of Glenn-da-locha quievit ; and Daniel, 1 ' 2 Bishop of Cinn- 
garad, quievit. Death of Eochaidh, son of Blathmac, son 
of Aedh Slaine. Faelan, King of Osraighe [mortally] 

10 Cuimine, Bishop. Omitted in B. 

11 Of Daimhinis. "Oaiminip, A. 
T)aiminpi, B., the proper gen. form 
of the name. The date 659 is added 
in the margin in O'F.'s hand. 

12 And Daniel, $c. This entry is 
not in B. O'F. adds the date 660. 

Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 
" Conchaynne, of Cill-Slebhe," is re- 
corded under the year 653. 

Ceallach. " Kellachus, R. H. 
(Rex Hiberniae). 658, Cod[ex] 
Cl[uanensis]." Marg. note in O'Fla- 
herty's hand. See also note 6 , page 





T>ho5 pefina quievnr. Conalt Cfiun-oamna moficuuf 
Gogandn mac 'Cuacbaldm up ejr. Chilli mac 
"OunchaT)a mic GCeix* 8lame mon.m up efr. 

}ct. "Comim CCb ocuf Cpfcop CCin/omacha quieuic. 
Ixrocnenn mac blarbannaig quieuir. Conamg h. "Damr, 
CCb 1mlec lubain,, quieuir. Cuimine CCbbaf a-o hiben- 
niam uemr- Tnogoboc mac hui Lama quieuir. 

]ct. Cuimine po-oa .txxii. anno aecarif f uae, qtnetnc. 
Colman bua Cluafai^ quieuic. hua 
quieuic. rnael-Dijiin mac CCe-oa bennam moyiruuf 
Cac Ogamam oc dnn Cofiba-oan ubi ceciT)e|iunc Conaing 
mac Congaite, mic CCo-5a Slame, ocuf Ullcan mac 
Gfiname, Hi Ciannachra, ocuf Cen'opaela'o mac ^e|ii'&e 
Ri CC|voa Ciannacbca, in quo betto blarmac [mac] CCefta 
Sldme uicruf efc, a -pociip "Oiayima-oa mic CCe-ba Slaine, 
qui T>icunT;un. Oncu mac Safificnn ocuf TTlaelmilcon 
ocuf Carafach mac erfnne ; m quo bello "Paetchu mac 
TTlaetumai ceciDic. hoc pnif fiegni blafmaic uc aln 
, inicujm fiegm "'Da. TTlael-oum mac 
Hi "Oufituf moficuuf efc. TTlaenac mac 
n Hi TTluman mo|iruuf efr. TTlael-puaraig mac 
Gfiname Hi Cianachra moficuuf 6fc. Conalt Cloccac 

let. uaifie CCi-one Hi Connachc mofiruuf e^c, ocuf 
a ainacait a cctudm n^iuc Moif. 

lujutawo -ouofium -piliofium T)omnaitt mic CCe-fea .t, 
Conatt ocuf Cotca, 6 Ceyifinceinn. TTlofif ^ayicnair 
mic "Oomnaitt Hi Cfiuifcnec, ec "Oomnaitt tmc TJua^a- 
tdm, ec "Cuachait mic THo^ainn. In-oepca-D ocuf "Dima 
T>UO epifcopi, quieuefiunr;. 

1 Maedhoff. TTlaeos, A. B., for 
Tno-CCeDh-og, or Maedhog. 

8 Kal This is the year 661 ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty. 

Quiemt. O'Flaherty adds the 
note "661, D. A.," signifying that 
Tomine's death is entered in the Four 

Mast, at the year indicated. The F. 
M. have it under the year 660=661. 
4 Kal O'Flaherty adds a note in 
the margin, indicating that this is 
the year 662 according to Ussher, 
and the year 661 according to the 
Four Masters. 



wounded by the Lagenians. Maedhog 1 of Ferna quievit. 
Conall Crandamhna mortuus est. Eoganan, son of 
Tuathalan, mortuus est. Oilill, son of Dunchadh, son 
of Aedh Slaine, mortuus est. 

Kal. 2 Tomine, Abbot and Bishop of Ard-Macha, 
quievit. 3 Ladgnenn, son of Blathbannaigh, quievit. 
Conaing Ua Daint, Abbot of Imlech lubhair, quievit. 
Cuimine, Abbot, came to Hibernia. Mogoboc Mac Ua 
Lamha quievit. 

Kal. 4 Cuimin Foda, in the 72nd year of his age, 
quievit. Colman Ua Cluasaigh quievit. Saran Ua Cri- 
tain quievit. Maelduin, son of Aedh Bennan, mortuus 
est. 5 The battle of Ogaman at Cenn Corbadan, in which 
Conaing, son of Congal, son of Aedh Slaine, and Ulltan, 
son of Ernan, King of Ciannachta, and Cennfaeladh, son 
of Gerthidh, King of Ard Ciannachta, were slain ; in which 
battle Blathmac [son] of Aedh Slaine, was vanquished by 
the friends of Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, who were 
named Onchu, son of Saran, and Maelmilchon, and 
Cathasach, son of Emhin ; [cmc] in which battle Faelchu, 
son of Maeluma, perished. This is the end of Blathmac's 
reign, 6 as some say, [cmcfj the beginning of the reign of 
Diarmaid. Maelduin, son of Furadran, King of Durlus, 
mortuus est. Maenach, son of Finghin, King of Mumhan, 
mortuus est. Maelfuataigh, son of Ernan, King of Cian- 
nachta, mortuus est. Conall Cloccach quievit. 

Kal. Guaire Aidhne, King of Connacht, died, and 
was interred in Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Jugulatio of two sons of Domhnall, son of Aedh, viz., 
Conall and Colgu, by Cerrncein. Death of Gartnait, son 
of Domhnall, King of the Cruithne ; and of Domhnall, 
son of Tuathalan, and of Tuathal, son of Morgann. In- 
dercadh and Dima, two bishops, quieverunt. 






s Mortuus est. m. e-pc, A. 
incorrectly reads " an epc." 


6 Of Blathmac's reign. yi.e. (for 7115 
, "King of Erinn"). Marg. 
note in the original hand. 


CRotncum scoconurn. 

Cfmef Se^am mic Tltn Cumn CCbbamp benncinfi. 

]cb. ' a }ct. TYlai in hopa nona, er; m eanem 
aepscrce coelum an.T>en.e tnfum epr. TTlon.r;alir;ap m 
Miben.niam pefiuemr; a Jet. CCusupr;. TYlojip Cen.nai 
Sor;ail pin "DiafimoDa mic CCe-ba Slaine, er; r;efipiae- 
mocup m tlibenma, ocup Comsan mac Cuireme, ocuf CCb benncoi|\ quieuefiunc. baeT)an mac Ui Co|i- 
maic ('DO Conmaicne Tnajia a cmel), CCb Cluana muc 
c. CC mai iocha poraipc exafifii: mofirab- 
p|iimo in hibeyinia; a mojice pac^icn .cc.m.; pofc 
em .C.XH. 

]ct. TTlo|iT;atir;af ma^na m n^befinia .1. an mbuiTie 
Conaill. TMafimaiT) mac CCe'&a lame, ocuf blarmac, 
oa Hi Oiyienn, er; TY1 ccelbjief ait mac maebmiin mop.r;tii 
-punt:, tlllsom mac hui Cunga, CCb Cluana ipxniTD, 
quieuiT:. "Ooyimirano pecme pabain., ocuf 6|ie|idin an 
egna, octif Ronam mic|, ocuf TTlael'ooi'o mic 
Pn^n, er; Cyionam mic 8ilm. Cu cen mar;hai|i mac 
CaaiV, Hi THuman, moinr;ti|i. blacmac Ri "Cebria, 
Ula'D, ocup TTIancan Le6, epifcopi, abbacef, 
innume|iabilep mofirui funr;. 

Cotman Cap CCb Cluana muc "Noip (mac pualupccai, 
DO Coyica fnoga a cmel, aen bliaT)ain, cfiibup Tuebuf 
r;anr;um renuir; pn.mcipar;um); Cuimme CCb Cluana muc 
"Noif, TOO 5fieccnai5iB toca'CerheT) a cmel, T>0fimiep,unr;. 
Secnupac mac blar;maic piesnayie mcipir;. 

1 Was seen, tnpim epc (visum 
est), A. uipae punc (visse sunt), B. 

8 In Hibernia. O'Flaherty, follow- 
ing Tighern. and the Ann. Ult, sub- 
stitutes " Britannia" for Hibernia in 
A. The earthquake does not seem 
to have been noticed by the English 
Chroniclers. This is the year 664, 
according to O'Flaherty. 

3 Berach. The obit of this eccle- 
siastic is repeated under the year 663. 

* In Magh Itha Fothairt. 

loclia pochcnju;, A.B. These words 
seem to have been understood by the 
transcribers as forming part of the 
preceding entry of Baedan's death, as 
the word that follows, (&xctfirir;), 
commences with a capital letter ; but 
they are rather the continuation of 
the entry six lines higher. 

6 203 years. There is apparently 
some error here, although the Annals 
of Tigh., of Ulster, and Clonmacnois 
have the same figures. The death of 


Quies of Segan Mac Ui Cuinn, Abbot of Bennchair. A.D. 

Kal. Darkness on the Kalends of May, at the ninth [659.] 
hour; and in the same summer the sky was seen 1 to [660.] 
burn. A mortality reached Hibernia on the Kalends 
of August. Death of Cernach Sotail, son of Diarmaid, 
son of Aedh Slaine. An earthquake in Hibernia. 2 Com- 
ghan Mac Cuiteme, and Berach, 3 Abbot of Bennchair, 
quieverunt. Baedan Mac Ui Cormaic (whose tribe was 
of the Comnaicne Mara), Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. In Magh Itha Fothairt 4 the mortality first broke 
out in Hibernia ; from the death of Patrick, 203 years; 5 
after the mortality, 112 years* 

Kal. A great mortality in Hibernia, viz., the Buidhe [661.] 
Conaill. Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, and Blathmac 
two Kings of Erinn and Maelbresail, son of Maelduin, 
mortui sunt. Ulltan Mac Hui Cunga, 7 Abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, quievit. Dormitatio of Fechin of Fobhar ; and of 
Ereran the Wise ; and of Ronan, son of Berach ; and of 
Maeldoid, son of Finghin ; and of Cronan, son of Silne. 
Cu-cen-mathair, son of Cathal, King of Mumhan, moritur. 
Blathmac, King of Tebhtha, Oengus Uladh, and Manchan 
of Liath, and bishops, abbots, and kings innumerable, 
mortui sunt. 

Colman Gas, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, (son of Fulas- 
cach ; his tribe was of the Corca Mogha ; one year and 
three days only he held the government), and Cumine, 
Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, whose tribe was of the Gre- 
graighe, of Loch Teched, dormierunt. Sechnasach, son of 
Blathmac, begins to reign. 

Patrick is entered under the year 489, 
tupra ; but if the number 203 is cor- 
rect, the event should be referred to 
461. as the chronology of this chro- 
nicle is four years behind the common 
reckoning at this period, and the date 

6 After the mortality 112 years, i.e., 
after the mortality recorded at the 
year 551, supra. For 112 years, A. 
and B. have ccxn (212). 

t Mac Hui Cunga. TTlac tltn 
Cunga, A. TTlac tlui 
(Mac Hui Cungal), B. 



cuowcum scocofiuni. 

jet. TTIofif Oiblta plamneffa, mic "Domnaill, mic 
CCe-oa, mic CCinmijiec. TTlaelcaic mac Scan*oail .1. Hi 
Cn.uine ; TYlael-omn mac Scan-oait, Hi dnel Coifipn.1, 
obiefuinc. eochaift laptaice, Ri Cfiuirne, mofiruuf. 
"Ouibin-oyiacliT;, mac "Ouncha-oa, Ri h. mbfiium CCi, 
mofiicun.. ttlofip Cealtaig mic ^uaifie. bellum 
Pefi[r;]fi enp. UlU;u ocuf Cfuntne, in quo ceci-oic 
Ccrcufac mac Unjicmi. baiTnrn CCb benncaip, quieuit;. 
Paeldn mac Colmain, Ri Laigen, moynrufi. 

]ct. nioiicalicaf m qua quacuo^ CCbbarep benncai]i 
pefiiefiunc .1. be^aac, Cunrnne, Cotum ocuf CCe-oan. Car 
CCme ecift CCyiaTDU ec u. piD^einre, ubi ceciT)iT: Oogan 
mac CfiunnmaiL ^um byiain pirn) mic Tiriaileccfiais, 
Ri na nT)efi TTluman. 

]Ct. "Maui^ano Cotmain 6pifcopi cum fiebquif 8co- 
cojium OD myolam uaccae albae, in qua -pun-Dabar; 
ecclepam, ei; nauiga^io pbojium ^ayirnaic cm 
mam cum plebe Sei:. "Pefiguf mac TTlucce'DO 
TTIuiyiceiarac Nafi, Ri Connachr, .1. mac ^uaifie, 

]ct. Obiruf Cuimim CCtbi CCbbacif 1ae, e 
CCbb benT)cuip, er; TTlocuae mic Cuifc ; ec moyif TTlaeti- 
porhaiyinsh mic Suibne Ri nepocum 'Cuifirfii. Icufinan 
ec Cofiim)a apiiD picronef T>e-puncT:i f unc. 

]ct. 'gum TTlaeli'DUin nepo^if Ron am. Tlflofif blairh- 
maic mic TTlaeticoba, e^ lUguUrcio Cun-oai mic Ceallaig. 

i Kal This is the year 666 accord- 
ing to O'F. 

* Cruithne. O'Flaherty interlines 
the word " TniT)e" (i.e. " of Meath"), 
in A., to signify that Eochaidh was 
King of the Picts of Meath. He is 
so called in Tig. (ad. an. 666) ; but 
in the "Fragments of Annals," pub. 
by the Ir. Arch, and Celt. Soc., Dub., 
1860 (p. 65), he is called " King of 
Dal-Araidhe," and stated to have 
been slain. 

* Kal. O'Flaherty adds the date 
667 in the marg. 

4 Berach. The death of Berach is 
also entered under the year 660. 

5 Bran Finn. The death of a " Bran 
Finn, son of Maelochtrach," is also 
entered under the year 667. 

6 Voyage. O'F. adds the marg. 
note "668, Ussr.," to signify that 
Ussher {Index Ckron.') refers the voy- 
age of Colman to that year. 

7 Insitla vaccce alba ; i.e. Inis-bc- 
fin, " the Island of the White Cow ;" 
now 1 in] ili in Island, off the west coast 
of the co. Mayo. 



Kal. 1 Death of Ailill Flannessa, son of Domhnall, son T-A-D. 
of Aedh, son of Ainmire. Maelcaich, son of Scannal, i.e. [662.] 
King of the Craithne, and Maelduin, son of Scannal, 
King of Cinel Cairpre, obierunt. Eochaidh larlaithe, 
King of the Cruithne, 2 mortuus. Dubhindracht, son of 
Dunchadh, King of Ui mBriuin Ai, moritur. Death of 
Ceallach, son of Guaire. Battle of Fersat, between the 
Ultonians and Cruithne, in which Cathusach, son of 
Luircen, fell. Baithin, Abbot of Bennchair, quievit. 
Faelan, son of Colman, King of Laighen, moritur. 

Kal. 3 A mortality in which four Abbots of Bennchair [663.] 
perished, viz., Berach, 4 Cumine, Colum, and Aedhan. 
Battle of Aine, between the Aradha and the Ui Fidh- 
gheinte, in which Eoghan, son of Crunnmael, fell. [Mor- 
tal] wounding of Brann Finn, 5 son of Maelechtrach, King 
of the Desi of Mumhan. 

Kal. Voyage 6 of Bishop Colman, with the rest of the [664.] 
Scoti, to Insula vaccse albse, 7 in which he founded a church; 
and voyage of the sons of Gartnait 8 to Hibernia, with the 
people of Seth. 9 Fergus, son of Muccid, dies. Muircher- 
tach Nar, King of Connacht, i.e. son of Guaire, moritur. 

KaL Death of Cumine Albus, 10 Abbot of Hi, and of [665.] 
Critan, Abbot of Bennchair, and of Mochua Mac Cuist ; 
and death of Maelfothartaigh, son of Suibhne, King of the 
Ui Tuirtre. Iturnan and Corinda 1 1 died among the Picts. 

Kal. 12 [Mortal] wounding of Maelduin Ua Ronain. [666.] 
Death of Blathmac, son of Maelcobha; and murder of 
Cunda, son of Ceallach. The sons of Gartnait left 

8 Sons of Gartnait. " Gartnati Pic- 
torum Kegis filii." Marg. note bv 

8 Seth. This is probably a mistake 
for Sceth, as in the Ann. Ult., or 
Scith, as in Tig. The island of Skye 
is apparently meant. See Adam- 
nan's Columba, ed. Reeves, p. 62, n. b . 

10 Cumine Albus. O'F. adds the 

marg. note "669, Ussr.," implying 
that Cumine's death is referred by 
Ussher to that year. 

11 Corinda. This name, which is 
apparently Cofinroa (Cormda) in A., 
is written Corinda in B. "Cormda," 
Ann. Ult. " Corindn," Tigh. 

** Kal. This is the year 670, 
according to O'F. 



tJenic genuf ^ancnaiT) -oe fliben.nia. $um bfiam pm-o 
micTYlaeli-pOT;aficai5. fflon.fT)uncha'banepocipR6ndin. 
Jet. Hlofif OffU plii e-oilbfins, Hi Saocan. um 
mic blairhmaic Regi^ 'Gemofime mmo 


Oa ffucmac ba hectafgach 
CCn rec ambioi) Secnafach 
Oa imta pj-Delt jx>fx ftaic 
1fin cec ambiot) mac blaitmaic. 

T)ubT)1jiin Tl< Cinel Coifipjie lu^ulamt; itltun. bjian 
Ponn mac TTI aetocc|iai5 mofrcuuf. TTlael|iuba in bfii- 
camarn naturae. 

]ct. bellum "Dun^aite mic TTIaeitiruile, Ri dneoil 
became. Lom^fec tncr;o|i puic, er; "Dun^al ceciT)iT:. 
TTlo|if Cumufccai^ mic Remain. Cen'D-paetar) mac 

]ct. ^um "Oomansai|it; mic "Domnaitl b|iic Ri 
TJailjiia-Da. "Nauigano paitbe CCb 1ae m hibefiniam. 
lTlael|iuba -pun-oauic ecclefiam CCpoyicyiofan. 

]ct. ^um Con^aile CennpoT>a mic "OunchoDa Ri 
Ula'5. becc baifiche in'cejipeciT: etim. Wubef 
ec cn.emula cm -ppeciem coele^if apcuf, 1111. 
noci;if u a . pep.ia anre pafcha, ab oynenre m occiT)enT:em, 
pep. -pe^enum coelum appap-uir. Luna m fangtuiiem 
uenfa efc. 

]Ct. bellum dn'opaela'D mic blaichmaic mic CCo-ba 
Blame. OccifUf efn Cennpaelaii. pmnachra mac 
'Duncha'oa Ulccoti ejiac. pmnachra "ple-oac 

lEdiflrirt; ie. ^Ethelfrith. The 
date 671 is written in the marg. by 
O'F. Oswiu's death is referred by 
Bede to the year 670 of the Incarna- 
tion =669 of the Common Era. 

3 Bran Finn. The [mortal] wound- 
ing of a person of this name is re- 
corded under the year 663. 

3 Battle ofDungal. t)elltim T)tm- 
5cnle (bellum Dungaile), A.B. The 
entry of this battle in the Frag, of 
Annals, pub. by the Ir. Arch, and 
Celt. Soc., Dub., 1860 (p. 69), is 
" Battle of Tnlach-ard, in which fell 
Dungaile, son of Maeltuile," &c. This 
is the year 672, according to O'F., 



Hibernia. [Mortal] wounding of Bran Finn, son of 
Maelfothartaigh. Death of Dunchadh Ua Ronain. 

Kal. Death of Oswiu, son of Edilbrit, 1 King of the 
Saxons. [Mortal] wounding of Seehnasach, son of Blath- 
mac, King of Temoria, in the beginning of winter : 

Full of bridles full of horsewhips 

Was the house in which was Sechnasach ; 

Many were the leavings of plunder 

In the house in which the son of Blathmac dwelt. 

Dubhduin, King of Cinel Cairpre, killed him. Bran 
Finn, 2 son of Maelochtrach, mortuus. Maelrubha sails 
into Britain. 

Kal. Battle of Dungal, 3 son of Maeltuile, King of 
Cinel Boghaine. Loingsech was the victor, and Dungal 
was slain. Death of Cumuscach, son of Ronan. Cenn- 
faeladh, son of Blathmac, begins to reign. 

Kal. [Mortal] wounding of Domangart, son of Domh- 
nall Brec, King of Dal-Riada. Voyage 4 to Ireland of 
Failbhe, Abbot of Hi. Maelrubha founded the church of 

Kal. [Mortal] wounding of Congal Cennfoda, 5 son of 
Dunchadh, King of Uladh. Becc Bairche slew him. A 
thin and 6 tremulous cloud, in the form of a rainbow, 
appeared at the fourth watch of the night of the fifth day 
before Easter Sunday, stretching from east to west, in a 
clear sky. The moon was turned into blood. 

Kal. 7 Battle of Cennfaeladh, son of Blathmac, son of 
Aedh Slaine, in which Cennfaeladh was slain. Finnachta, 
son of Dunchadh, was the victor. Finnachta Fledach 
begins to reign. 

who adds the marg. note, quoted from 
Tig., "Expulsio Drosti (Picti) de 
regno, et Combustio Bennchorise Bri- 

* Voyage. O'F. notes the year 672 
in the marg. opposite to this entry. 

* Cennfoda, i.e., " of the long head." 

cermpo2, A., in which the last cha- 
racter of the word represents the let- 
ters -net. Cermpojx, B. O'F. makes 
this the year (!74. 

6 And. ec, A. epc, B. 

i Kal. This ia the year 675, 
according to O'F, 









]ct. Columba Gpifcoptif liifolae uaccae atbae, 
f?inan [mac] CCip,enT>ain quieuejiunr. Coif 

la pnnacbca mac T)unchaT>a. ailbe T>e 
ieuefitrcufi. Cental mac TTlaeiliT)uiTi, ocu-p 
CCupxaile, m^ulon funs. 

|Ct. 8t;ella coming infa efc lummopa in men^e 
er; Occobinp. "OuncaDh mac Ultxain, Hi 
occifup epc a n"0tm ^0^50 ta TTIaetT)uin mac 

Car; e-oip. pnnachra ocuf 
m loco pfioximo Loca ^abop, m quo ptinachca 
efiar. Consfieffio Cmle TTlaine ubi ceciT)eiiunT; T>a mac 
THaeliac'Daiii. Oecan Uumim) quieuic m mfola bfii- 

]cb TTlo|if Col^an mic pailbe plainn, Hi TDuman. 
T)aificill mac Cui|iet:ai 6pf cop ^luroe T>a locha quieuic. 
TTloiif T)|iofT:o mic "Domnaill. 

]ct. Cfuief pailbe CCbbanp 1ae. Cen-opaela'D Sapienf 
quieuii;. Car; [fie] pmnachra con^jaa bee baifice. T)ofi- 

]ct. Colman CCb benncaip, quieuir. ^um pianamlo 
mic TTlaelicuile fiegif iagenoiium. "Poicfecan T)ia 
efin yio-D^esuin aji pinnacbca. Cacal mac 
mofucufi. Car Saxonum ubi ceci*Dic CClmune 
OffU- Tlflofif TTlaelii:oca|iT:ai5 Bpfcoip CCi|iT) 

1 Columba. Called Colman in the 
entry at the year 664. O'F. adds 
the note " 676, Ussr.," to signify that 
Abp. Ussher refers Colman's death to 
that year. 

8 Consecration. A. and B. read 
coifecccfi. for coipeaqficro (coisea- 
cradh), " consecration." But in Tig. 
and the Four Mast., the word used 
is copccfxcroh, " spoiling," " destruc- 
tion," which is undoubtedly the true 
reading. The Ann. Ult. and Ann. 
of Inisfallen have " Destructio ;'' and 
the word used in " Fragments of 
Annals" is 

3 Of October. Occimb|ny, A. B. 
This is the year 677, accord, to O'F. 
The appearance of a comet is recorded 
in the Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the 
year 678. 

*Drost. "[Rex] Pict[orum]." 
Marg. note by O'F., who adds that 
the correct year is 678. 

6 Kal. O'F. adds the year 679 as 
the correct date. 

6 O/ .... Abbot. CCbboxifra, 
for abbacif, A. B., on which Dr. 
O'Conor remarks, "Miror Dualdum 
Firbisium ita erasse." Rer. Hib 



Kal. Columba, 1 Bishop of Insula vaccse albse, and 
Finan, [son] of Airennan, quieverunt. Consecration 2 of 
Ailech Frigreinn by Finnachta, son of Dunchadh. Failbhe 
returns from Hibernia. Congal, son of Maelduin, and 
Aurtaile were slain. 

Kal. A bright and luminous comet was seen in the 
months of September and of October. 3 Dunchadh, son 
of Ultan, King of Airghiall, slain in Dun Forgo by 
Maelduin, son of Maelfitrigh. A battle between Fin- 
nachta and the Lagenians, in a place close to Loch 
Gabhar, in which Finnachta was victorious. The con- 
flict of Cul Maine, in which two sons of Maelachdain 
were slain. Becan Ruminn quievit in the island of 

Kal. Death of Colga, son of Failbhe Flann, King of 
Mumhan. Daircill, son of Cuireta, Bishop of Glenn-da- 
locha, quievit. Death of Drost, 4 son of Domhnall. 

Kal. 5 Quies of Failbhe, Abbot 6 of Hi. Cennfaeladh 
the Wise, quievit. A battle [gained by] Finnachta over 
Bee Bairche. Dormitatio of Nechtan. 

Kal. Colman, Abbot of Bennchair, quievit. [Mortal] 
wounding of Fianamhail, son of Maeltuile, King of the 
Lagenians. 7 Foichsechan, one of his own people, wounded 
him, through the instigation of Finnachta. Cathal, 
son of Raghallach, died. A battle among the Saxons, 
in which Almune, 8 son of Oswiu, was slain. Death of 
Maelfothartaigh, Bishop of Ard-Sratha. A battle in 
Bodhbhghna, in which was slain Conall Oirgnech, i.e. 






Script, torn. II., p. 210, n. 11. But 
Duald Mac Firbis was a much more 
correct copyist than his critic. 

7 King of the Lagenians. O'F. 
adds the marg. note "Oficm mac 
Con mil, R[ex] L[agenia?], supra, 
15." The reference is to the Dublin 
copy of Tighern., in which the entry 
reads "bvian mac Conaill jxi 

laigen an." Dr. O'Conor, in his 
ed. of Tig. (ad. an. 680), translates 
this " Brannus films Conalli Rex 
Lagenia? anno," although he has 
Bran's obit at the year 690. In the 
list of Leinster Kings, preserved in 
the Book of Leinster, Bran is said to 
have reigned 1 1 years. 
8 Almune; i.e. ./Elf wine. 


Ccrc i mbot>?>5nu tibi ceci-oic Con all Oifi^nec .1. 
Hi Coifipfie. lepfia sfiainppima quae uocacufi bolgac. 

]Ct. Combupno He^um a n"0tm Cerifin .1. "Ounsal 
mac ScanT>ail Hi Cfiuirne, er Cen-o-paela-o mac Suibne, 
Hi Cianachra linne ^emem, mino aefranf, la TTlael- 
ouin mac TTlaelipqaais. Cidfi mgen T)uib[iea 
Cac Olai lebe pofrea mmo hiemif, 111 quo 

TTIael'ouin mac THaelipiT:pai5 la Ciannachca ^I 

, ocuf la plariT) pionn mac TTlaelmjile. 
lano Conaill rmc "Oinicha'oa a ccmn "Ciyie. 1 11511 lano 
8ecmifai5 mic OCifnfKBTAcnf, ec Coimin^ mic Congaile. 

]ct. lu^ulacio CinTypaola-o mic Col^an Hi Connacc. 
Ulcu "Oe^s h. CaillaiTie, T>1 ConmaicniB Cuile, occi-oic 
eum. Ca^ Haa moi|ie TDui^e Lme conrfia 
ubi ceciT)e|iunt; Caciifac mac TTIaeliT)Uin, Hi 
ec Ullcdn mac "Dicolla. 

|ct. T)unchaf> TTIui|ifce pliuf THaeil f ouiB .1. Hi 
Connachc, lugulacuf. bellum Coyiairro 111 quo cecit>e- 
Ifiuni: Colcu mac blairmaic,ocuf pe^Uf macTTlaeiliT)Uin, 
Hi dneoil Coi|ip|ii. Imnum mo|iT:alit;at;if pue| 
in men^e Occobjuf. *Do|imit;aT:io CCi]ameT)hai5 na 
CjfiaiBe. Colman CCbb Cluana muc "Moif quieuic. CC 
CCificec 'bo. 

]ct. TTlofiralicar pa^ TTIofif TTlaine CCb 
nCCenT)fioma. bellum Caifil pnT)baifip, Loc nOchach 
TJO -pou-o 1 ppuil. 

jet. Uencup ma^nup ec ceiiyiaemocuf m Tlibefima 
mpola. Saxon ef Campum bjieagh uaprauepunc ec 
ecclefiap plufiimaf m menpe 1unii. TTlofif Conaill 

1 Kal O'F. notes the year 681 as 
the true year. 

2 Kal. O'Flaherty adds the marg. 
note " 681, Cod. CL," to signify that 
this is the year 681, according to the 
Codex Cluanensis ; but in the trans- 
lation of the Ann. of Clonmacnois the 
death of Cennfaeladh is given at the 

year 677, the proper year apparently 
being 682. 

Kal. The correct year is 682, 
according to O'F. 

Beginning. Inicium, A. B. The 
rest of the entry is written in the 
English character in A. 



King of Cairpre. A very severe leprosy, which is called 
" Bolgach." 

Kal. 1 Burning of the Kings in Dun Cethirn viz. : 
Dungal, son of Scannal, King of the Cruithne, and Cenn- 
faeladh, son of Suibhne, King of Ciannachta of Gleann 
Geimhin in the beginning of summer, by Maelduin, son 
of Maelfitrigh. Ciar, daughter of Dubhrea, quievit. The 
battle of Bla Sliabh, afterwards, in the beginning of 
winter, in which Maelduin, son of Maelfitrigh, was slain 
by the Ciannachta of Gleann Geimhin, and by Flann Finn, 
son of Maeltuile. Jugulatio of Conall, son of Dunchadh, 
at Cenn-tire. Jugulatio of Sechnasach, son of Airmed- 
hach, and of Conaing, son of Congal. 

Kal. 2 Jugulatio of Cennfaeladh, son of Colga, King of 
Connacht. Ulcha Derg Ua Caillaidhe, of the Conmaicne 
Guile, slew him. The battle of Rath-mor of Magh-Line, 
against the Britons, in which fell Cathasach, son of Mael- 
duin, King of the Cruithne, and Ultan, son of Dicuill. 

Kal. 3 Dunchadh Muirsce, son of Maeldubh, i.e. King 
of Connacht, slain. The battle of Corann, in which Colcu, 
son of Blathmac, and Fergus, son of Maelduin, King of 
the Cinel Cairpre, were slain. Beginning 4 of the mor- 
tality of children in the month of October. Dormitatio 
of Airmedhach, of Craebh. Colman, Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. He was from Airtech. 

Kal. 5 Mortality of children. Death of Maine, Abbot 
of nAendruim. The battle of Caisel-Finnbhairr. Loch 
nEchach was turned into blood. 6 

Kal. 7 A great wind and earthquake in the island of 
Hibernia. The Saxons laid waste the plain of Bregia, 
and many churches, in the month of June. Death of 

Kal O'F. adds the date 683 in " Wonders of Eri," a list of which is 

the marg. given in Todd's ed. of the 7mA Nen- 

6 Turned into blood. The word nius, p. 193, sq. 

ingticro, i.e., wonder, is written in 7 Kal. The true year is 684, 

the marg. in A., in the orig. hand. according to O'F, 
It is not enumerated among the 








cuottictrm scotxmum. 

mic uain.e. nflon^ bfieffail [mic] pen^ii^a monbo .1. 
Hi Coba. 

]ct. *0omnall mac 6chach buiT>e -DO tuiT;im 
la Tlaon Rig bfieran 1 ccac Sfiaa Cap.un. 1 11511 lamo 
Roreachrais ocuf "Oan.5an.Tra -pitii pinnstnne. 
CCb Cluana muc "Moif quietus. 

]Ct. 1ii5tilacio f?e^aT>tti5 mic Con^ait 
"Oocumaconoc CCbbacif "Ualbf -oa loca. T)o|iTniraT:io 
CCb Cop.caie moifie. TTlo|if O^fene Gpifcopi 
.1. TTIiiiinu, mic Tulcam. CCT>am- 
nanuf capnuof yieT>uanT: aT> hibefimanri. 

]ct. Cfuiep Se^em Gpfcoip CCi^i-o Tnacha. Occifio 
Canomn mic ^a^naiT:. pmnacT)a cleincarum 
Cac Imleca [pio] |iid Nidll mac Cefinai| 
Con^alac mac Conain^, ubi cecToe^unT: T)ubT)ainbefi, Ri 
CCfvoa CiannacTia, ec llua|ic|ii'De tl. Offene, Hi Conaille. 
Con^atac mac Con 01115 V U 5 1T: - 

a-o tie^num. 1otan 
"Oiap.mara TTfli-De .1. 
la CCo-o mac T)luT:hai Ri 
n. TDomnaill bfiic. TT)o|if 
TTlofif TTVaeili'Dfiiil mic 




Ri 1711-06, mic 

mic "Cucrcalain. 

Conaill C|iannamTia. Obfcufiara efc pafif 

]ct. Cental mac TTlaeili'DUin mic CCerta bennain, Ri 
TTluman, ab uno fcolafnco inceyipecriif efc, er;T)uncha'D 
mac OificT>oi ocup CCibll mac "Oun^aile, Ri Cfitnrne, 
-punr;. 1n hoc anno be-oa -pecir; libjium T)e 
ei; "Cempoiaibuf er m papn ei; m 

1 Domhnall Brec. The death of 
Domhnall Brec is also entered under 
the year 640, supra, which is the 
more correct date. See nn. 10 , u , 
p. 87. O'F. adds that this is the 
year 685. 

2 (i.e., Munnti). Written as a 
gloss, in the original hand, over the 
name of Fintan, in A. B. reads 
mumhcm (of Munster). 

s Gartnait. Cafin cue, A. B. 

4 Imlech [Fio]. The word 10 
(Fio), interlined by O'Flaherty in A. 
is omitted in 1J. O'F. adds that the 
true year is C$7. 

K Garad; i.e. Cenngaradh, or Cinn- 
garadh, now Kingarth, in Bute. 
The correct year is 688, according 
to O'F. 



Conall, son of Guaire. Death by disease of Bresal, [son] A.D. 
of Fergus, i.e. King of Cobha. [681.] 

KaL Domhnall Brec, 1 son of Eochaidh Buidhe, fell by [682.] 
Haon, King of Britain, in the battle of Srath Caruin. 
Jugulatio of Rothechtach and Dargarta, sons of Finnghuine. 
Forcron, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 

KaL Jugulatio of Feradhach, son of Congal. Quies of [683.] 
Dochumachonoc, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha. Dormitatio of 
Roisten, Abbot of Corcach m6r. Death of Ossen, Bishop 
of the Monastery of Fintan (i.e. Munnu 2 ), son of Tulcan. 
Adamnan brought captives back to Hibernia. 

Kal. Quies of Segene, Bishop of Ard-Macha. The [684.] 
killing of Canon, son of Gartnait. 3 Finnachta received 
holy orders. The battle of Imlech [Fio 4 ] gained by 
Niall, son of Cernach Sotail, over Congalach, son of 
Conaing, in which were slain Dubhdainbher, King of 
'Ard Ciannachta, and Huarcridhe Ua Ossene, King of 
Conaille. Congalach, son of Conaing, fled. 

Kal Finnachda returns to the Sovereignty. lolan, [685.] 
Bishop of Garad, 5 died. Murder of Diarmaid Midhe, 
i.e. King of Midhe, 6 son of Airmedhach, by Aedh, son of 
Dluthach, King of Fera Cul. Death of Cathasach, grand- 
son of Domhnall Brec. Death of Feradhach, son of 
Tuathalan. Death of Maelduin, son of Conall Cran- 
damhna. A part of the sun was darkened. 

Kal. Congal, 7 son of Maelduin, son of Aedh Bennan, [686.] 
King of Mumhan, was killed by a student; and Dun- 
chadh, son of Orcdoith, and Ailill, son of Dungal, King of 
the Cruithne, were slain. In this year Beda composed a 
book, " De Natura Rerum et Temporibus et in pagin et 

6 King of Midhe. Hi TTI ir>he ; writ- 
ten as a gloss over the name. O'Fla- 
herty notes that this event occurred 
in the year 689. 

i Congal. O'F. adds the marg. 
note " 689, Cod. Cl.," indicating that 

the killing of Congal is entered in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise under that 
year. He also adds that the death 
of Gnathnad, Abbess of Kildare, is 
recorded under the same year in the 
Dublin copy of Tighernach. 



TTlopp pinsuini Lonp, ec pepaT>hais TTlei-c mic "Mecnb^h, 
CT; Coblaic plia Can on n, mopsua epc. bpan mac 
Concnll, Ri tai^en, mopitup. 

]ct. Cponan mac Concuatne CCbb benncaip, mopimp. 
"Geo-oopup epipcopup bpit;anniae qinetnc. pi-o^ellac 
mac plain-o Ri .tl. TTlaine quieuic t mopitup. 

let. ODoamnanup acnn anno pope paupam pailbi OT> 
Tliben,niam peyipr. Luna m -pan^inneum colo|iem m 
nacale ancn TTIa|iT:ini. 

]ct. TTloii'p Thfiar; Gpfcoip pe^nan, ec bfian 
Paeldm Rex La^emenfium mop.i:uuf efc. Car 
Of|iai|e ocf taigne m quo ceciT)ic paetcap, h. 
TnaeiloT)pe. Cac concha -pibum panceae. pluuia 
fan^umea m ta^enia -ptuocic. 

]ct. Cponan bee CCb Cluana muc Moip obnc .1. Cpon 
bee .1. a CuaiL^ne a cmet. Obirup Cpondm balm. 

let. p'nfnachca mac T)uncha-oa, mic CCe-oa Stame, 
Ri Gpenn, ocup bpeppal -pibup emp, lusulaci punc, hie 
^peallaig "Dollai^ 6 CCe-o mac "Dlushais mic CCiblla, 
mic CCefia 8ldme .1. Ri pep Cut, ocup 6 Congatac 
mac Conaing [mic Con^aile] mic CCe-oa Slame. Cfinep 
tninnbaipen-o CCb CCchai-o bo. tomgpec mac CCengupa 

1 Et in pagin, et in figell. The 
editor is unable to explain what these 
words are intended to represent. The 
word "vigil" is generally written 
" pigil" (figil) in Irish MSS. ; but the 
form " figell" is unusual. 

2 Bran. " R[ex] L[agenise], Ceal- 
lach Cualonn succedit." Marg. note, 
O'F. Bran's death is also entered 
under the year 689. See n. 7 . 

3 Theodoras. "Theodorus Can- 
tuar. Archiep. ob*." Marg. note by 
O'F., who also adds the year 690 as 
the true year. 

* Ormoritur. The characters t.m. 
(for " vel moritur") are written after 

the abbrev. q. (quievit), in A., as if 
it seemed uncertain whether Fidh- 
ghellach should be classed amongst 
ecclesiastics or laymen, the expression 
"quievit" being generally used in 
this Chronicle to signify the death of 
an ecclesiastic, " mortuus est," or 
" moritur" being the form used in the 
case of a layman. 

8 Moon. A marg. note in O'F.'s 
hand reads "Luna sang. 11 Nov., 
Epact : 24, et die Luna 14, A. 691, 
et Lunse 26, A. 692." 

6 Festival ; ie. the festival of St. 
Martin's birth, the llth of November. 



in figell." 1 Death of Finghin the Long, and Feradhach A.D. 
Meith, son of Nechtlech ; and Coblaith, daughter of [686] 
Canonn, mortua est. Bran, 2 son of Conall, King of 
Laighen, moritur. 

Kal. Cronan, son of Cucualne, Abbot of Bennchair, [687.] 
moritur. Theodorus, 3 Bishop of Britain, quievit. Fidh- 
ghellach, son of Flann, King of Ui Maine, quievit (or 
moritur). 4 

KaL Adamnan proceeds to Hibernia in the 14th year [688.] 
after the death of Failbhe. The moon 5 was turned into 
the colour of blood on the festival 6 of Saint Martin. 

Kal. Death of Dirath, Bishop of Ferna ; and Bran Ua [689.] 
Faelain, King of the Lagenians, mortuus est. 7 A battle 
between the Osraighe and Lagenians, in which Faelchar 
Ua Maelodhra was slain. A battle against the son of 
Penda. Bloody rain fell in Lagenia. 8 

Kal. Cronan Bee, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, died, 9 [690.] 
i.e. Cron Bee ; viz., his family was of Cuailgne. Death of 
Cronan of Balla. 

Kal. 10 Finshnechta, son of Dunchadh, son of Aedh [691.] 
Slaine, King of Erinn, and Bresal, his son, were slain at 
Greallach-Dollaith by Aedh, son of Dluthach, son of Ailill, 
son of Aedh Slaine, i.e. King of Fera-Cul, and by Conga- 
lach, son of Conaing, [son of Congal], son of Aedh Slaine. 
Quies of Minnbairenn, Abbot of Achadh-bo. Loingsech, 11 
son of Aengus, begins to reign. 

' Mortuus est. mojicui 
(mortui sunt), A. B. O'F., who 
considers this to be the year 691, adds 
the note " R[ex] L[agenise], de quo 
A. 689, rectius." Bran's death is 
also entered above under the year 
686, which O'Flaherty thinks should 
be the year 689. 

8 In Lagenia. in logenif (in La- 
genis), A. B. 

* Died. The remainder of the sen- 

tence is written as an orig. gloss over 
the entry. O'F. adds the note " 693, 
Cod. Cl." in the marg., to signify that 
Cronan's obit is given in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise under the year 693 
(recte 689). 

10 Kal. This is the year 695, 
according to O'Flaherty. 

11 Loingsech. jx. e. (for 7115 Cretin, 
King of Erinn). Marg. note, A., in 
orig. hand. 


CROtnctim scoTxmum. 

jet. 1ii5Ulocio "Oomnaill mic ConaiU CpanDanina. 
Pinnstnne mac Con cen maraip, Ri THuman, mopirup- 
Pep-^al .1. Ri Connachc, mac CCn^ail mic ^uaipe CCiT>ne, 
mop.iuipo. Locene TTlenn, papienp, CCb Cille T)ap.a 111511- 
larup [ef^]. Con^alac mac Conamg, mic Congaile, mic 
CCet>a Slame, mopcuup ept;. 

jet. CC-oamnanup a-o Jlibepniam peppr, es r>emc 
te^em Innocencium poputip. TTIolins Luach|ia T>op,- 

}ct. Cac a ppe^nmai^ ubi ceci-oefiunt; Concupafi 
TTlacae mac TTlailiT)Uin .1. Ri na nCCi|iT:e|i, ocuf deft 
, Ri T)ail CCyiaiDe. TT1o|vp "Pofianndin CCb Cille 

jet. pibpup anno tmo et: menpibiif .111. 

]ct. CCcoenfa eft: bouma mofit:aliT:ap m Tlibe|inia 1 
]ct. peb|ia 1 TTIuis 'C^.ea^a. a ITCeacba. Cfuief CCn- 
chofiicae CCe-oa o Slebriu. icc mop. m hoc anno 
coppepioc toca ocup aiBm 6p.eann, cop.p.ei an mtnp. eT)ip. 
Gpvin ocup CClbam gambit* imain^e er:un.p.a pippin bcc 
ega. planT) mac dn-opaota'D, mic StnBne, lu^ularup 
epr. pamep ec pepnlenna .111. anmp m Tlibepma 
pacca ept:, uc homo hommem come-oepet;. "plan-o mac 
TTlaeilicuile, Ri Cineoit Gogam lu^ularup. Conall mac 
Stnbne, Ri na nT)epi, mop,it:up.. 

jet. Oibtl mac Con cen macaip., Ri TTIuman mop,- 
cuup [ep^]. Conall mac "Oomennaicch, Ri .tl. 

O'F. supplies the date 
" 696" iu the marg. 

2 " The Law of the Innocents." A 
marg. note, in a more recent hand 
than O'F.'s, reads " et dedit eis legem 
legitimi Paschatis." In the Frag- 
ments of Annals, pub. by their. Arch, 
and Celt. Soc. (Dublin, 1860, p. 96), 
this law is said to have had for its 
object to prevent women and children 

from being killed, " 5001 mctccc gem 
mncc T)O riiap-bar)," t.e., "[that they 
were] not to kill women or children." 
See Adamnan's Columba, ed. Reeves, 
p. 179. O'F. considers this the year 

Dormivit. 0'Flahertyadds"plura 
16 b," referring to the Trin. Coll. 
Dub. copy of Tighern., in which (697) 
it is added that Moling died in Britain. 



Kal. 1 Murder of Domhnall, son of Conall Crandamhna. A.D. 
Finnghuine, son of Cu-cen-mathair, King of Mumhan, [692!] 
moritur. Fergal, i.e. King of Connacht, son of Ardgal, 
son of Guaire Aidhne, moritur. Lochene Menn, the Wise, 
Abbot of Cill-dara, jugulatus [est]. Conghalach, son of 
Conaing, son of Congal, son of Aedh Slaine, mortuus est. 

Kal. Adamnan proceeded to Hibernia, and gave " the 
Law of the Innocents" 2 to the people. Moling Luachra 
dormivit. 3 

Kal. A battle in Fernmhagh, in which Conchobhar 
Macha, 4 son of Maelduin, i.e. King of the Airthera, and 
Aedh Airedh, King of Dal-Araidhe, were slain. Death 
of Forannan, Abbot of Cill-dara. 

Kal. Philippus 5 reigned one year and six months. 

Kal. A mortality broke out among cows in Hibernia, 
on the Kalends of February, in Magh Treagha, in Teath- 
bha. Quies of the anchorite Aedh, of Slebhte. Great 
frost 6 in this year, so that the lakes and rivers of Erinn 
were frozen over, and the sea between Erinn and Alba 
was frozen to such an extent that people used to travel to 
and fro on the ice. Flann, son of Cennfaeladh, son of 
Suibhne, jugulatus est. Famine and pestilence prevailed 
during three years in Hibernia, to that degree that man 
ate man. Flann, son of Maeltuile, King of the Cinel 
Eoghain, jugulatus [est]. Conall, son of Suibhne, King 
of the Deisi, moritur. 

Kal. 7 Oilill, son of Cu-cen-mathair, King of Mumhan, [697.] 
mortuus [est]. Conall, son of Donennach, King of Ui 
Fidhgheinte, moritur. 




* Macha. YTlaeccce (Msechae), A. 
B. mocha (Macha), Ann. of Tig. 
and Four M. TTIaicce (Maicce), 
Ann. Ult. O'F. thinks 698 the true 

* Philippus. This entry is very 
much out of place, as the Emperor 
Philip succeeded Justinian II. in the 

year 711. UArt de verif. les dates, 
torn. 1, p. 421. 

6 Great frost. This entry is writ- 
ten in the lower marg. in MS. A., p. 
33. This is the year 699, according 
to O'F. 

7 Kal. O'F. adds the date 700 in 
the marg. 



Jet. Tfluipe-oach 1Tluie CCi, Hi Connachc, a quo 8il 
tT)uipeT)hai5 ncrci punc, mopicup. Ipsalae .Tl. Conamg 
a bpironibup lu^ulamip epc. 

|Cl. Cat: TTlaie Culmn m CCpT> Ua n&cT>ac, mcep 
llUcoiH) GT: bpironep, ubi ceci-oic pliup [Ra-D^ain-o] 
a-DUep.fap.iUf ecclepiapum "Dei. Ulai-o mccopep epanc. 
Ca an Copamn la Connachca, 111 quo ceci-Depunc 
toingfec .1. mac CCengUfa, Ui Grteann, cum cpibtif pilnf 
f uif .1. CCp-o^at ocuf Connachcac ocuf plann ^ep^, ocuf 
"DUO pitn Colcen, ocuf TDup-oibeps mac TDungaile, ocuf 
pep^up popcpai ocup Conatl ^appa ; et; ceciTepunc 
mulci -oucep. 1n 1u 1utii, tii. hopa T)iei Sabbaci hoc 
bellum conpect:um epc. Ceallac mac Hasatlai^ mic 
UaT)ac uiccop epar. 

|Ct. ^cpa^ep 'Daitpia'oa ic unn timmae. CCT)om- 
nanuf Ixxum . anno aeracif fuae m nono Jcalen-oapum 
Occobpip, CCbb 1ae, quieuic. 

bellum pop Clomac ubi uiccop puic Ceallac Culocm), 
in quo ceciT)ir; boT>bcaT> TTli7)e mac "Diapmccoa. "Po- 
gaprac P. Cepnai -pu^it:. 

]ct. bellum Copcumpudi'D, ubi ceciTHT; Celecaip 
mac Comam. Ceallach mac Ra|;allai, Hi Connachc, 
pope clepicarum obiic. Cental mac pep^upa pegnape 

]ct. "Daconna t)aipe er: Oppene pbup 
(Ppemumn -DO Calpai^e T^epra TO) CCbba-o Cluana muc 
"Noip, paupauepunc. Concupap mac THaeiliT)Uin, Ri 

1 Kal. The year 701 has been 
noted by O'F. as the true year. 

s Ard- Ua-nEchach. CCfX-o aue 
nGcDac (Ard aue nEcdach), A. ; cor- 
rected to "Ardes-Ui-nEachach" by 
O'F., who refers to the Dublin copy 
of Tighern., "fol. 16 b." (ad ami. 
704), where the name is so written. 
B. reads ccyvo aucnecoach. 

1 Ides of July. This would indi- 

cate the year 702, in which the Ides, 
or 15th of July, fell on Saturday. 
In Tighern. and Ann. Ult. the battle 
is stated to have been fought on the 
4th of the Ides of July, being Satur- 
day, which would agree with the 
year 704, as O'F. observes in a note. 

4 Of Saturday, fabochi, A. B. 

6 At Linn Limni. ic fin tirn- 
tuae, A. B. O'F. would correct thi 



Kal. 1 Muiredhach of Magh Ai, King of Comment, A.D. 
from whom the Sil Muiredhaigh are descended, moritur. 
Irgalach Ua Conaing was slain by the Britons. 

Kal. The battle of Magh Cuilinn in Ard-Ua-nEchach, 2 [699.] 
between the Ultonians and the Britons, in which the son 
[of Radgand], the adversary of the churches of God, was 
slain. The Ultonians were the victors. The battle of 
the Corann in Connacht, in which fell Loingsech, i.e. son 
of Aengus, King of Erinn, with his three sons, viz. : 
Ardgal, and Connachtach, and Flann Gerg ; and the two 
sons of Colcen, and Dubhdiberg, son of Dungal, and 
Fergus Forcraith, and Conall Gabhra, and many chief- 
tains also fell. On the Ides of July, 3 at the 6th hour 
of Saturday, 4 this battle was fought. Ceallach, son of 
Raghallach, son of Uada, was the victor. 

Kal. Slaughter of the Dal-Riada at Linn Limni. 5 [700.] 
Adamnan, Abbot of Hi, in the 78th 6 year of his age, on 
the ninth of the Kalends of October, quievit. 

A battle was fought at Claen-ath, in which Ceallach 
Cualann was the victor, and Bddhbhcadh Midhe, son of 
Diarmaid, was slain. Fogartach Ua Cernaigh fled. 

Kal. The battle of Corcomruaidh, in which Celechair, [701.] 
son of Coman, was slain. Ceallach, son of Raghallach, 
King of Connacht, post clericatum obiit. Congal, 7 son of 
Fergus, begins to reign. 

Kal. Dachonna 8 of Daire, and Ossene 8 (who was from [702.] 
Fremhain, in Calraighe of Tephtha), son of Gallust, Abbot 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, pausaverunt. Conchobhar, son of 

(in A.) to. " 1 ngkenn temncte," as 
the name is written in Tighern. " In 
Valle Limnae," Ann. Ult. Dr. 
Reeves thinks that the place meant 
is " Gleann Leamhna, the Valley of 
the Levin Water, which runs from 
Loch Lomond to Dumbarton." Adam- 
nan, p. 378, n. t. 

e The 78th. O'F. writes " 77th," 
and prefixes the date 704. 

1 Congal. " R. H.," for " Rex 
Hiberniao ;" marg. note by O'Flaherty, 
who adds that this is the year 705. 

8 -Dachonna. Ossene. O'Flaherty 
prefixes the date 705 to the obits of 
these ecclesiastics. 




dneoit Coiyipjie, mofusuft plann "Peabta CCb 
TTIacha, quieun;. 

let. Cono-oap, abaifi obns. Ocapio 
mic "DunchaTKi .1. Tnuijupse, Ri ceojia Cormachr;. 
gal mac TTlaeitiT)uin, Ri dneoil 6050111, ocup 
mac tom5pi5 Ri Cinel Conailt, occi-oefumi; eum. 
oenac 6ppcop CCifvo pjurcha, qweuic. 

]ct. Cucuayiam, Ri Cfiuirne ec Uta-o 
PIUCU .1). Rebam, mr;e|ipecir; eum. bo dfi mop 

jet. Ca TTlaise 6le pefi -oolum, ubi 
Lerlopap. pbup ec-oac, CuallaiT)h ocuf 
Carhal mac Tninjie-ohais .1. Ri Connachr, 
TT1 aetT>oba|icoTi Opfcop Citle "Dapa, quietus, 
quae Dicicufibaccac, cum uenqaif pyiopluuio m 

jet. Conmaol mac pailbe, CCbb 1ae, quieuis. 




, Ri "Cemiiac, 

moyice pe|mc. 

ct. [Cac -pop] llua Uleic 1 8t6t5 puai-o ubi 'Cnusac 
mac Hnocloin5fi ec Cupoi mac CCoT>a mic "Oluiai^, 
ceci"De|iunT:. peyi^al uiccoyi puic. Cennpaolati, CCbb 
"Pobaip. quietus. 

]ct. bellum inseyi neposep CCe-oa Stame m quo 
HTIaiTie, pibup "Nell mic Cefinai^, lu^ulasuf eps. pldn-o 
mac CCoT>a mic *Dturai5, uicsofi puis. Cuceyica, Ri|e, mofiisufi. "Ou^ualai CCbb ^bnne T>a toca 
qtneuic. Cos Caiyin "Pepa-oais, ubi ceci-oic Cofimac mac 
TTlaenai|, Ri tTluman. 

1 Kal. O'F. considers the true 
year to be 706. 

Cow mortality, bo dfl, A. B. 
O'F. writes the word " Lues " in the 
marg. in A. He also adds 707 as the 
correct year. 

3 Through treachery. peffooUim, 
A. B. Ccrcti -oolo (Cath dolo), Tig. 
709. beUum -ooto (Bellum dolo), 

Ann. Ult. 708. Ccrcli t>ola, Ann. 
Four Mast., 707, which Dr. O'Dono- 
van translates " the battle of Dola ;" 
but the reading "peyx 'ootum " is 
probably correct, as the expression 
" Jugulati sunt," which is also found 
in Tig. and the Ann. Ult., would seem 
to indicate that Lethlobhar and hia 
companions had been murdered. 
4 Baccach, i.e., lameness. O'Fla- 



Maelduin, King of Cinel Cairpre, moritur. Flann Febhla, A.D. 
Abbot of Ard-Macha, quievit. [7020 

Kal. 1 Conodhar of Fobhar died. The killing of In- [703.] 
dreachtach, son of Dunchadh (i.e. of Muirisge), King of 
the three divisions of Connacht. Fergal, son of Maelduin, 
King of Cinel Eoghain, and Fergal, son of Loingsech, 
King of Cinel Conaill, slew him. Coibhdenach, Bishop 
of Ard-sratha, quievit. 

Kal. Cucuarain, King of the Cruithne and of Uladh, [704.] 
jugulatus. Finchu Ua Rebain slew him. A great cow 
mortality 2 again raged. 

Kal. The battle of Magh Ele, through treachery, 3 in [705.] 
which Lethlobhar, son of Eochaidh, Cuallaidh, and Cudi- 
naisc, were slain. Cathal, son of Muiredhach, i.e. King 
of Connacht, moritur. Maeldobharchon, Bishop of Cill- 
dara, quievit. The plague which is called the Baccach, 4 
with dysentery, in Hibernia. 

Kal. Conmael, son of Failbhe, Abbot of Hi, quievit. [706.] 
Congal, 5 son of Fergus, King of Temhair, died suddenly. 
Fergal 6 begins to reign. 

Kal. 7 [A battle gained over] the Ui Meith at Sliabh [707.] 
Fuaid, in which Tnuthach, son of Mochloingsech, and 
Curoi, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach, were slain. Fergal 
was the victor. Cennfaeladh, Abbot of Fobhar, quievit. 

Kal. 8 A battle between the descendants of Aedh [708.] 
Slaine, in which Maine, son of Niall, son of Cernach, 
jugulatus est. Flann, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach, was 
the victor. Cucerca, King of Osraighe, moritur. Dubh- 
gualai, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, quievit. The battle of 
Carn Feradhaigh, in which fell Cormac, son of Maenach, 
King of Mumhan. 

herty intimates that the true year is 

6 Congal. "fi. e.," for "fiig 
Gjvenn," King of Erinn ; note in 
marg., in orig. hand. 

6 Fergal. " ft. e.," for " p,ig 

C^ienti." Marg. note in orig. hand. 
O'F. adds the date 710. 

"> Kal. O'F. thinks this also the 
year 710. 

8 Kal. The correct date is 711, 
accord, to O'F. 


(modicum sco^ouum. 

]ct. baecan Oppcop 1nnpi bo pinne obur. pailbeup 
mo7)icup, CCb Cluana muc Noip, quieuic. Copmac mac 
CCililla, Ri TTluman, m betlo lu^ulatup epr. Secnupac 
"Ri .H. TTlame, mopicup. 

Jet. Ca bib 'Cene'o in CCppul pia TYlupchaTi TYlifte, 
ubi plann rnac CCe-oha mic "Oluchais ec "DuB-oum h. 
becce ceciDejiunt; Col^u ocuf CCeT) Cluafac, mac "Diaji- 
maT>a, hi -ppjii^hshuinn. "Pogafitxic .H. Cefinai^ T)e 
f uo eocpulfUf efc, m bfiicamam iuir. Mox luci'oa 

m aucumno. 

]ct. ,Ceallac CualanT), Hi Laigen, mo|it:uuf 
^um TTluyicliaTia mic "OiayimaDa mic [CCi 
Caeic, Hi .1l. "Hell la Con all n^fianc h. 
*Oomnall mac Carail, Ri Connachc, mo|iir;u|i. 

]ct. posajvcac M. Ce^inaij; ir;eyium fiegnar;. 
Cele 'Cise^nail CCbb Cluana 6oip. plann poi]ibre mac 

]ct. *Duncbaf> mac Cmn-paela-D, CCbb 1ae, 
0acpulfio -pamiliae 1ae cyianf "Ooyifum bp.iramae a 


]cl. becc baifici obnc. Ca Cenannfa tibi 
ll. paelcon ec Sofimsal mac de-oa, mic "Dlurhai^, en 
CCmalccai'D n. Conam^, ocuf "Pep/gal, pp-arep, eiup, ceci- 
7)epunT:. Conall ^panc uicrop epar:, ec Conall ^panc 
Tl. Cepnai^ m eo "Die pope bellum mceppeccup epn 6 
Pep^al mac TDaeili'Dtiin. "Con pupae copona pupep 
pamiliam 1ae T>acup. plum ppop TTleala pop 0ain 

1 Kal. O'F. adds the year 712 as 
the correct date. 

2 Kal. The true date is 713, 
accord, to O'F. 

* Son of Cathal. O'Flaherty cor- 
rects this to " son of Ceallach." But 
in a list of the Kings of Connaught, 
contained in the Book of Leinster, a 
12th cent. MS. in Triu. Coll., Dublin, 

Domhnall is called " son of Cathal." 
The correction is not copied in B. 
O'F. thinks 714 the true year. 

4 Fogartach. O'F. adds the marg. 
note "R[ex] Hpberniae]," and the 
date 716. 

s Dorsum Britannia; i.e., the range 
of mountains dividing Perthshire from 



Kal. 1 Baetan, Bishop of Inis-bo-finne, died. Failbhe 
Bee, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Cormac, son of 
Ailill, King of Mumhan, was slain in battle. Sechnasach, 
King of Ui Maine, moritur. 

Kal. 2 The battle of Bile Tenedh, in Assal, gained by 
Murchadh Midhe, in which Flann, son of Aedh, son of 
Dluthach, and Dubhduin Ua Becce were slain; and Colgu 
and Aedh Cluasach, son of Diarmaid, fell in the heat of 
battle. Fogartach Ua Cernaigh was expelled from his 
kingdom, and went to Britain. A bright night in autumn. 

Kal. Ceallach Cualann, King of Laighen, mortuus 
[est]. [Mortal] wounding of Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, 
son of [Airmedhach] Caech, King of the Ui Neill, by 
Conall Grant Ua Cernaigh. Domhnall, son of Cathal, 3 
King of Connacht, moritur. 

Kal. Fogartach 4 Ua Cernaigh again reigns. Death of 
Cele-Tighernaigh, Abbot of Cluain-Eois. Flann Foirbthe, 
son of Fogartach, moritur. 

Kal. 'Dunchadh, son of Cennfaeladh, Abbot of Hi, 
moritur. Expulsion of the family of Hi across " Dorsum 
Britannise," 5 by King Necton. 6 A battle in Dal-Riada, 
and the Britons were defeated. 

Kal. 7 Becc Bairche died. The battle of Cenannus, in 
which Tuathal Ua Faelchon, and Gormghal, son of Aedh, 
son of Dluthach, and Amalghaidh Ua Conaing, and Fer- 
gal, his brother, were slain. Conall Grant was the victor; 
and Conall Grant Ua Cernaigh was slain on that day, 
after the battle, 8 by Fergal, son of Maelduin. The 
coronal tonsure is received by the community of Hi. 
It rained a shower of honey upon Othan Bee, a shower of 







Argyle. See Reeves's Adamnan, p. 
64, nA 

6 Necton. Called Naiton by Bede. 
Hist. Eccl. lib. v., c. 22. This Is the 
year 617, according to O'F. 

" Kal O'F. notes. 718 as the true 

8 On that day, after the battle, m 
eo TJIO pofr; bettum (in eo die 
post bellum), A. B. The Ann. Ult. 
and Tig. have "in fine duorum men- 
sium post bellum." The expression 
in the Four Mast, is "i<rp, 
miopcnb," " after two months." 



mbic, ppop apply pop O&xm rnoip, ppop[p]ola puppa 
popam lasenopum, e~c ni-oe uocarup Niall ppopae mac 
Pepgaile, ap rune nasup epc. 

jet. Congpeppio aput> La^emenpep, ubi CCe'o mac 
Ceallai cecnDic. Uapcario La^enofium .u. uicibup in 
uno anno la tlua "Melt. 

|Ct. CCeprap pluuiabp. Smnac 1nnpi Clopann 
oofimnnt:. TTltMfibn.ucht; m menfe Ocr:ob|iif. 

]ct. Ccrc e-Dip. ConnacDa ocuf Cofica baipcmn ubi 
ceciT)ir mac 'Calamnai^ t / Comalrai. In^a-D Laien 
ocuf nai-om na bofioma ocuif naiT>m na palta Lai^en 
la pen-^al. Inmef^uc RelipofUf le^em, cum pace 
Chfiifd -pupjia mfolam llibe|iniae confnruir; .1. m 
Campo *0elenn. 

]ct. Ca CClmame eT)ifi TTluiica'D mac bfiam, Ui 
Lai^en, ocuf "Peyi^al mac maoiliT>um Ui 6|ienn, iii. IT>. 
*Oecemb|iif T)ie -pefime .ui ae . "Numefiup Sil Cumn qui 
ueneyiunr; aT> bellum CClmame, pee mile. Tli 
Ue^ef ^eneyiif Sil Cuinn qui m bello cecit>e|iunr:, 
mac fnaeiliT)Uin, Ui Gfienn, cum .clx. farelli 
Con all meann Ui Cm el Caiyibfn ocuf pop-ba^ac Ui 
Cmeoil OogUim, ocufpep-^al n. CCiree'oa, ocup pep^al 
mac Bc-oac Lemna Ui "Camnaici, Conalac mac Conam^, 
ocup Giccnec mac Col^an Ui na nCCip^ep, CoibT>enac 
mac "Pmcpac, TTluippup mac Conaill, Lerairec mac 
Concapai:, CCe-o^en h. TTIac^[am]nae, "Nuaiia mac Oipc, 
Ui ^uill ocup Ipsuill, ocup x. neporep TTla*eilipiT:p,i. 

1 Frosach; i.e. "the showery." 

* Overflow of the sea. 

lit. "sea belch," A. B. 

mans;" marg. note by O'F., who 

thinks 720 the correct year. 

Of October. OccmibTXi, A. B. 

* Or of Tomaltach. V. comalcaij; 
interlin.byorig. hand in A. The Four 
Mast, have 'Comatcaij, "of Tom- 
altach ;" but Tig. and the Ann. Ult. 
read calcminaig, " of Talamnach." 

5 Inmesgach. " Inmesach " in the 
Ann. of Ult. and Tig. Nothing else 
seems to be known regarding this 

6 Campus Delenn, or " Magh De- 
lenn." Dr. O'Donovan (Four Mast, ad 
an. 654, n. ), states that Magh Delenn 
was probably Telenn, a place in the 
[south] west of the county Donegal, 
near the celebrated Glencolumbkille ; 
and as Magh Delenn would be pron. 



silver upon Othan M6r, and a shower of blood on the Foss A.D. 
ui' Laighen; and hence Niall Frosach, 1 son of Fergal, is 
named, for at that time he was born. 

Kal. A battle among the Lagenians, in which Aedh, [715.] 
son of Ceallach, was slain. The devastation of Leinster 
was effected five times in one year by the Ui Neill. 

Kal. A rainy summer. Sinnach of Inis Clothrann [716.] 
dormivit. An overflow of the sea 2 in the month of 
October. 3 

Kal. A battle between the men of Connacht and the [717.] 
Corca Baiscinn, in which fell the son of Talamnach, or 
of Tomaltach. 4 Laighen plundered and the Borumha ex- 
acted, and the hostages of Laighen exacted, by Fergal. 
Inmesgach, 5 the Religious, established a law, with the 
peace of Christ, over the island of Hibernia, viz., in 
Campus 6 Delenn. 

Kal. The battle of Almhain, between Murchadh, son [718.] 
of Bran, King of Laighen, and Fergal, son of Maelduin, 
King of Erinn, on the third of the Ides of December, the 
6th feria. 7 The number of the Sil Cuinn who went to 
the battle of Almhain was 20,000. These are the Kings 
of the race of Sil Cuinn who were slain in the battle : 
Fergal, son of Maelduin, King of Erinn, with 160 of his 
body guard ; Conall Meann, King of Cinel Cairbre, and 
Forbasach, King of Cinel Boghuine, and Fergal Ua 
Aithechda, and Fergal, son of Eochaidh Lemhna, King 
of Tamhnacha ; Conalach, son of Conaing ; Eiccnech, son 
of Colga, King of the Airthera ; Coibhdenach, son of 
Fiachra ; Muirghius, son of Conall ; Lethaitech, son of 
. Cu-carat ; Aedhgen Ua Mathgh[am]na ; Nuadha, son of 
Ore, King of Gull and Irgull ; and ten descendants of 
Maelfitrigh. Those are the Kings of the North. Here 

Moy-ellen (the -o being aspirated and 
silent), the name may still be pre- 
served in those of Malin and Mallin, 
two villages in the neighbourhood. 

' The 6th feria. This indicates 
the year 722, in which the 3rd of 
the Ides, or 13th of December, fell on 
the 6th feria, i.e. Friday. 

122 cRONicum sco^otium. 

1ce pin Ri5^e an cuaifge^r. tli jMinr Re^e^ tl. Nell an 
T>efcceiriT; .1. plann mac Rc-seHai^, Oilill mac 
015, CCofc lai^en h. Cejinaig, Sinbne mac 
"Mia mac Cofimaic, "Dufyoacfuoc mac "DtnMxiinbefi, 
CCitilt mac Conaill 5fiamT>, "ptairemoit mac 
h. Oo^am. the roctif 1 numeyiuf T>e 

.clx. -oe amfaiB "Peyi^aile, ec alii, ec .ix. 
.1. gealra. 
Cubyiecan mac Congufa cecmit:: 

CCcagap, cat ^op,'De|X5 ^plann, 
CC ^|i peftgaile a -oe^ IHTD ; 
OjioTiac T)iumnii nuc TTltii|ie Tie, 
1a|i rnbjieit a retire T)ia CITID. 

bo an ctanii 

T 10 5 e 5 ain a bfiac 
cecc a cat 50 mac Oj\am. 

TTla beit nee -DO befia cat, 
TTla'Da in-Dfiernam fie mac Ofiam ; 
CCnn^a lim maf an "Oyxaoi 
CCn raoi[fi] fio ceachraiyi an claim. 

Muat>a h. Lomictiili cecmit;: 

"Do Dit taite CClmame, 
CCg coiinam buaiyx Ofiej muije, 
Ho lao ba-ob bet T>efij; bioyiac 
1otac urn cenn 

i Volatiles. The word geatca, i.e. * From over his head, tna arm (dia 

" lunatics," or " maniacs," is added cinn) ; lit. " off his head." In the 

as a gloss. It probably means that ! account of this battle, contained in 

the "volatiles" were persons who the "Fragments of Irish Annals" 

went mad from fright. 

Cubretan; lit. "the Dog of Bri- 

pub. by the Ir. Arch, and Celt. Soc., 
it is stated that Fergal's army un- 

tain." Cubretan is said to have been j roofed and burnt the house of a leper 

King of Fera-Ross, a tribe inhabiting j named Aedhan, who resided in the 

the district around the present town ! vicinity of Almhain, and killed his 

of Carrickmacross, in the county only cow. See Frag, of IT, Ann., p. 





are the Kings of the Ui Neill of the South, viz. : 
Flann, son of Raghallach ; Oilill, son of Feradhach ; Aedh 
Laighen Ua Cernaigh.; Suibhne, son of Congalach; Nia, 
son of Cormac ; Dubhdachrich, son of Dubhdainbher ; 
Ailill, son of Conall Grant ; Flaithemhail, son of Dluthach ; 
Fergus Ua Eoghain. This is the total number of Kings 
who fell; and there also perished 160 of the attend- 
ants of Fergal, and many others, and nine volatiles, 1 i.e. 

Cubretan, 2 son of Congus, cecinit : 

A crimson, bloody battle is invoked, 

0, good Fergal ; 0, dear to us ; 

The people of the son of Mary were sorrowful 

After the taking of the roof from over his head.* 

The Leper's cow was killed 4 

Beside his abode ; 

"Woe ! the hand that wounded its neck 

Ere coming into battle with the son of Bran. 

If there be any 5 who would give battle, 
If in hostility with the son of Bran, 
More formidable to me than the Druid 
Is the satire which the Leper utters. 8 

Nuadha Ua Lomthuili cecinit : 

As an omen of the destruction of Almhain's day, 
Contending for the cows of Bregh-magh, 
A red-mouthed, sharp-beaked raven 
Croaked over Fergal's head. 



< Was killed. See preceding note. 

6 Any. nee (nech). The letters 
ft. e., for jug Gtyenn (King of 
Erinn), are written over this word in 
A., in the orig. hand. The line was 
therefore intended to be read, " If 
there be any King of Erinn." 

The satire which the Leper utters. 

cm caoi[fi] fio ceachcaifi an 
claim. In a copy of this poem, pre- 
served in an ancient MS. in Trin. 
Coll., Dublin (H. 2. 16., p. 939), 
this line is written "m cue fio comcro 
in claim," " the way the Leper used 
to chaunt." 



Ouaif) an.7> CClmaine anpun, 

(5 suite -oal -oa gac T>uil, 

Um feachc imlib -Den-main,, 

"Oal en-cul ihain. mic Ittaoili'ouin. 

CGobac cet> fiatac, 
Cumac, cofTcroac, can.nac, 
Urn .tin. ngealca 5001 nune, 
Urn .1111. mile peji nan.mac. 

f\o mofi ec sao ei: cenn-be itlo pele 
co fio mayib Taoine ^ao iTnT)a, ID efi: mille ocuf T>ecem 
tnfiof 1 cifi Coyica baif pnn. 1 njia-o tai^en ta "Domnall. 

jet. 1TntMfieT>ac mac CCiTYiif.p'n CCb teir^bnne 
Tnui|\ce|irac mac "Oonn^aile, Hi Ofieipne, 

]ct. 'Ce'OTn rnofi a nejunn m hoc anno, 
mac "Dina'Dai^, CCb CCijvo TDaca, quieuir. TDinnrep hie 
"DO'5 6 ^enciB .1. .locum. Lex paqnicn la CCo'5 
mac "Meill. 

]ct. Conmac mac "Ouiffoaleiri, CCb CCip.^ TTlacha, 
mofire pefinr. Conft:n.ucT-io nouae 

1 The Trophies. This stanza is also 
contained in the Book of Leinster, a 
twelfth cent. MS. in Trin. Coll., 
Dublin (foh 24, a). 

Seven. The prose account (last 
page), has nine. Mageoghegan, in his 
transl. of the Ann. of Clonmacnoise 
(ad an. 720), states that "there were 
nine persons that flyed in the ayre as 
if they were winged fowle." At the 
end of this stanza, which terminates 
at the top of the MS. A., p. 38, the 
transcriber (Mac Firbis), writes 
""Cefocc bjiolUtc -oct T>uille65 
oon cfenlecrtiafx a^ a y^fiiobumi 
|\>, ocuf paguim appuib fi6m -oon 
let caoib -p na nop.cilt. TJlip 
"Dubalcac Pifibij." "A front 

of two leaves of the old book out of 
which I write this is wanting, and I 
leave what is before me of this page 
for them. I am Dubhaltach Fir- 
bisigh." This entry is supplemented 
by a more recent one, as follows : 

"TTh-peSean Tl.Cacainfu>'pqrii6 
fom an cearfiuiiiat) Ut t>eu5 -DO 
mi -De riieom an cfxm'ifiar>, aor an 
'dgeiina peace sce-o -oeug ocuv 
ceicjie bLiena picei). Sean ll. 
Catam." "I am John Ua Cathain, 
who wrote this the fourteenth day of 
the middle month of summer, the 
year of the Lord 1724. John Ua 
Cathain (John O'Kane)." 

Unfortunately the defect in the 
existing copies of this Chronicle is 



The trophies 1 of noble Almhain were the prostrate, 
Entreating a respite from each element ; 
Including seven mighty thousands, 
The band of great Fergal, son of Maelduin. 

A hundred prosperous chieftains died, 
Powerful, sumptuous, festive ; 
Along with seven* furious lunatics, 
And seven thousand armed men. 



Very great thunder, and wind, and lightning on the [804.] 
day of Patrick's festival, which killed very many people, 
viz. : one thousand and ten men, in the district of Corco- 
Baiscinn. Devastation of Laighen by Domhnall. 3 

Kal. 4 Muiredhach, son of Aimhirgen, Abbot of Leith- [805.] 
ghlinn, quievit. Muircertach, son of Donngal, King of 
Breifne, moritur. 

Kal. Great pestilence in Erinn this year. Gormgal, [806.] 
son of Dinadhach, Abbot 5 of Ard-Macha, quievit. The 
family of Hi slain by Gentiles, viz. : to the number 
of 68. The Law of Patrick promulgated by Aedh, son 

Kal. Conmach, son of Dubhdalethi, Abbot of Ard- [807.] 
Macha, died suddenly. Building of the new establish- 

greater than that indicated in the 
foregoing memorandum by Mac Fir- 
bis, as the next date is A.D. 805 ; 
and as Mac F.,followingthe loose prac- 
tice observed by the older annalists, 
omitted to paginate his copy, it is 
impossible to say how many leaves of 
his text are missing. 

3 Domhnall ; "filius Neill, 1 ' Ann. 

* Kal. There are 51 " Kl." from 
this to where the orig. scribe has 
written the date -Dcccltii. (856). This 

is, therefore, the year 805, as O'Fla- 
herty has noted in the margin. 

6 Abbot. The name of Gormgal 
does not appear in any of the ancient 
lists of the abbots of Armagh, except 
in that contained in the Book of 
Leinster (printed in Todd's St. 
Patrick}, where he is described as one 
of " three Airchinnechs who took the 
Abbacy by force, and who are not 
commemorated in the Mass." See 
St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, p. 181 ; 
and note *, next page. 



Columbae Citle a ccennanuf. Lofcca-b 1nnfi 
hai| 6 ^ent:iB ec inrurb Roiff cairn, tuna m 
uerifa eft;. 

]ct. Obisuf 'Goribais CCb CCiri-D TTIaca. pmnactroa 


mac CeaUcng, fti taigen, morusuri. Cfuiep TXMCCI CCb 
CCifvo TTlaca. 

|ct. CCer> CCb ^linne T>a tocha quietnc. 
CCbbacifpa Cluana Oyionai^, quietus. 

jet. CCnlon mac Concupaifi, Hi CCiTme, 
CCb ^linne T>a loca, quieuir;. 
, -DUO pitii TTlui^efa, 111511 loci -punt: o 
lin|ni la TTIuirisef mac T:omalT;ai5. 
"Huar>a CCb CCiriT) TTlaca T>O T>ul 1 Conaclica ctim 
Le^e parpen eu cona Cam. CCnnuf pruyoisiofuim annfo. 
CCf mce cairns m Cele *0e -oon paiyigi cmep cofaiB 
r;i|iTnaib cen culuT), ec T>O beri^a ^^05 p5|iibT;a -DO mm 
oo cruaya iTDenaT) priocecc T)o ^aoi-oelaiB, er: T>O bericea 
f uaf oorii'Difi i m can coin-geT) an priocecr ; ec rige^ an 
Cheb *0e ^ac laoi -oarifan pairi|i5e po-oef, iart roifisfin 
an ppocecca. CCf mse T>no DO in^niT) puil T)ona bairi- 
^enoib, ocup jio fiteT) puil efcib ica crefcaT* ; af mre 
no can-oaif na heom an canram -oaonna. CCri ^ence la 


]cb "M uaT>a Locha H uama, Gpfcop er CCb CCirir> TTI aca, 
quietus. CCfi ^enre la piriu Umaill. CCfi Conmaicne la 
CCri ^ence la TTlumam .1. la Cob^ac. 1onT>rur& 

1 Into blood, i.e., into the colour of 
blood. This eclipse of the moon is 
also noticed at the year 807 in L'Art 
de ver. les Dates, torn. 1, p. 67. It is 
recorded under the year 806 in the 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which adds 
that the event occurred on the Ka- 
lends, or first, of September. 

2 Toichtech. This name does not 
appear hi the old lists of the Abbots 
of Armagh. His death is entered 
under the year 795 (recte 808) in the 

Annals of Inisfallen, where he is 
called Pejvtesin, i.e., "lector" of 
Armagh. The Annals of Ulster and 
the Four Mast. (808) style him abbot. 
He was probably one of the three 
usurping abbots referred to in note s , 
p. 125. 

8 Devastation, tidf-cotf 10 (vasta- 
sio), A. B. 

* Muiryhet. " R. C.," for " Rex 
Connacia ;" marg. note, O'F. 

I ' 








ment of Colum Cille at Cenannus. Burning of Inis- A.D. 
Muiredhaigh by Gentiles, and devastation of Ros-cam. [S07.-] 
The moon was turned into blood. 1 

Kal. Death of Torbach, Abbot of Ard-Macha. Fin- [808.] 
nachda, son of Ceallach, King of Laighen, moritur. Quies 
of Toichtech, 2 Abbot of Ard-Macha. 

Kal. Aedh, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, quievit. Finbil, [809.] 
Abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, quievit. 

Kal. Anlon, son of Conchobhar, King of Aidhne, mori- [810.] 
tur. Guaire, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, quievit, Tadhg 
and Flaithnia, two sons of Muirghes, were slain by the 
Luighne. Devastation 3 of Luighne by Muirghes, 4 son of 

Kal. Nuadha, Abbot of Ard-Macha, went into Con- [8H-] 
nacht, with the Law of Patrick, and with his Rule, This 
was a year of prodigies. It was in it the Cele De* came 
over the sea from the south, dry footed, 5 without a boat ; 
and a written roll used to be given to him from Heaven, 
out of which he would give instruction to the Gaeidhel, 
and it used to be taken up again when the instruction 
was delivered; and the Cele De* was wont to go each day 
across the sea, southwards, after imparting the instruc- 
tion. It was in it, also, cakes were converted into blood, 
and blood used to flow from them when being cut. It 
was in it the birds used to speak with human voice. A 
slaughter of the Gentiles by the Ultonians. 

Kal. Nuadha of Loch hUamha, Bishop and Abbot of [gi2.] 
Ard-Macha, quievit. A slaughter of the Gentiles by the 
men of Umhall. A slaughter of the Conmaicne by Gen- 
tiles. A slaughter of the Gentiles by the men of Mum- 
han, i.e. by Cobhthach. Devastation of the south 6 by 

8 Dry-footed. The word ingncro, 
"wonder," is written in the marg., 
in Mac Firbis's handwriting. 

The touth; t.e., theeouthof Con- 

naught The Ann. Ult., at the year 
813, record a hosting by Muirghes 
into " Ui Maine of the south," or 
southern Hy-Many. 

* p <s 



an -oepseipc la TTluipsep mac Txmialcaicch. Cam T)aipi 
pop Connachcait). 

jet. CCp ppep nllmaill ta ^enciB, ubi ceciT>epuni; 
Copspac mac plam-oabpac, ec "Ounchar*, Hi tlmaill. 
Capolup Hi Ppamgc GT: 1mpip Coppa, quieuir. 

jet. Q-oippsel Cppcop ocup CCbb bnne t>a loca 
quieuic. opcellach obaip, "oo ^ailengait) mopa, CCbb 
Cluana muc Noip, quieuic. Lex Ciafiam po^ Cfiuachan 
eteuaca e^T: la TTluipsif mac 'Comalrai^. Saec mop, 
ocup rp,6m galap,. 

]ct. TTlop.f TTluip^nipa mic 'Comalcais, Ri Connaclic. 
Conall mac tleill, Hi bpe%, mopinup. Op-gain Cluana 
Cpeama T>O bpepnecaib. "Oaome -DO map,baT> mre. 

(Ct. Lof^at) Cluana muc "Moip. TTlopf Carail mic 
Oililla, Hi 1l. -ppiacpac. "Cibpai^e CCb Cluana -pepra 
bpenamT) [quieuic]. Suibne mac Cuanac, TDO 1b Opiam 
[8]eola, CCb Cluana muc "Moif, quieuic lap. cp,icaiT) la 
ap lofccaT) Cluana. 

]ct. Cucon^elc mac Carail, Hi Lai^en 

]ct. YYluip.eT>hach mac pain, lenc Hi aigen, [mon.1- 
CCpcpi Ppmcepf CCip.T) TTlaca, co f^pm pa-opaig, 
DO "oul co Connachrai^. Cat; 1 pepann "Delbnae "Mua- 
[oajc [.1.] car: "Popa^, ubi H. TTlaine ocup a Hi *oo 

1 Muirghes. " R. C.," for " Rex 
Connaciae ;" marg. note, OT. 

2 Ruk of Daire. The Annals of 
Ulster (811) have the entry "Lex 
Darii for Connachtu," which Dr. 
O'Conor renders " Regula Monastica 
Darii stabilita supra Cormaciam;" and 
again (812), "Lex Darii la hu Neill," 
which is rendered " Regula Darii 
[stabilita] per O'Neillos." At the 
year 825, also, the Ann. Ult. record 
the re-introduction into Connaught of 
the " Lex Darii," which is explained 
by Dr. O'Conor as " Regula Monas- 

tica Darii, vel Monasterii Derrensis." 
But in the Book of Lecan (fol. 166, 
p. a, col. b), and in the Leabhar Breac 
(fol. 38 b.), the Rule is called the 
" Rule of Darii, the Nun, viz., not to 
kill cows." It is further described as 
one of the four great Rules, or Cains, 
of Erinn; the other three being the 
Rule of Patrick, the Rule of Adam- 
nan, and the Sunday Law. 

s Quievit; i.e., died. The death of 
Charlemagne is entered in the Anglo- 
Saxon Chronicle at the year 812, but 
the true year is 814. 

4 Was raised over Cruachan. 
Cfiuachcm ete ua ept, A. 
Cfuiachan eteucc e^c, B. The 
meaning is that the Law of Ciaran 
was promulgated at Cruachan, the 
seat of the Kings of Connaught. 

8 Muirghes. His obit is entered 
under the next year. 

8 Of Patrick, p., A. Pefinc, B. 

7 In the territory. 1 Pefiarm, A. 
1 Vjxiccnn, B., which is corrupt. 

* The battle of Forath. cat Vac, 


Muirghes, 1 son of Tomaltach. The Rule of Daire 2 was A.D. 
estabfahed over Connacht. (8i2.~\ 

Kal. A slaughter of the men of Umhall by Gentiles, [813.1 
in which perished Cosgrach, son of Flannabhrat, and 
Dunchadh, King of Umhall. Charles, King of France, 
and Emperor of Europe, quievit. 3 

Kal. Edirsgel, Bishop and Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, C 81 *-] 
quievit. Forcellach of Fobhar, of Gailenga Mora, Abbot 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. The Law of Ciaran was 
raised over Cruachan 4 by Muirghes, 5 son of Tomaltach. 
Great tribulation and heavy disease. 

Kal. Death of Muirghes, son of Tomaltach, King of [815.] 
Connacht. Conall, son of Niall, King of Bregh, moritur. 
Plundering of Cluain-creamha by the Breifni; and people 
were slain in it. 

Kal. Burning of Cluain-muc-Nois. Death of Cathal, [816.] 
son of Oilill, King of Ui Fiachrach. Tibraide, Abbot of 
Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, [quievit]. Suibhne, son of Guana, 
of the Ui Briuin [S]eola, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit, thirty days after the burning of Cluain. 

Kal. Cucongelt, son of Cathal, King of Southern [817.] 
Laighen, [moritur]. 

Kal. Muiredhach, son of Bran, half-King of Laighen, [818.] 
[moritur]. Artri, Abbot of Ard-Macha, went to Connacht 
with the shrine of Patrick. 6 A battle in the territory 7 of 
Delbhna Nua[dha]t, [viz.] the battle of Forath, 8 in which 

A. B. The Ann. Ult., in which the 
entry occurs at the year 817, have 
each Pojxach (battle of Forath); 
but in the Four M. (816) the place 
is called " Rath Fearadh," which Dr. 
O' Donovan identifies with Rahara, a 
townland in the bar. of Athlone, and 
county of Roscommon. O'F. writes 
in the marg. " Mortem Aidi R[egis] 
H[ib.], D. A." The Donegal Annals 
have Aedh's death at the year 817= 



mapboT) .1. Caal mac TYlupchaa, ec plupmn. 
mbpium .1. ThapmaiT) mac Txmialxail ocup ITlaolco- 
chai| mac po|;apt;hai5 uicropep epanc. T)iapmaiT> CCb 
1ae co n;pm Colaim Cilte -DO 7>ul a nCtlbain. 

JCt. Uapraao Laigen la CCo-o mac Nell, TYlopp 
CCe-oa mic "Melt "ppopais ic CC T>a pepra a TDuis 
Conaille. Cab eT>ip Cmel Go^am ocup Cmel Conaill 
m quo cecit)iT: Tfl aolbpeap ait, mac 1TltiticaTa, Hi Cine6il 
Conaill. TTlUfichaT)h mac TTIaeilnDUin tnccofi 
Cacal mac TDunlam^e, Hi n. 
Concupaia mac T)onnchara yie^n 

]ct. (Iileb^a Tl. TTluifili Gpfcop CCifi. oc 
mofiiuiji. peTtlimiT* mac Cfiimcain T>O ^abail TTluman. 

]ct. Sluai56T> la Concupafi mac "Donncha-Da co CCji'D- 
acoD 8lebe puaiT). lonyiai* na nOCifi7:efi lef contuse 
6m am TTlacha. Comulpp Hi 8axan mop-irup. 

]ct. Sice mop. 50 pipic na muifie ec na loca 50 
fiuca na spai^e ocuf -peximanna poppa. Oochai'oh .Tl. 
Gppcop et; CCb Lu^mais, quieuit:. Opgam 
&c Copcai^e 6 ^enr;ib. 

]ct. Conam^ .1. mac Con^aile, Hi 'Ceacba [obnr;]. 
Con^alac mac Ip^alai^, canaifi CCbbaT) Cluana muc 
KJoif, [quieuic]. Lex paxipaic -pop TDumain la "peiT>- 
limiT> mac Cpimdiam. Honan, CCb Cluana muc 

i Kal O'F. adds the date 819. 

8 At Atha-da-ferta. 1c ac T>a 
^etxca, A., which O'Flaherty changes 
to " a gcotc -oa Pefica" (in the bat- 
tle of Da-ferta). B. follows O'F.'s 
alteration. The Four Mast. (817= 
819) have " Ath-da-fhearta ;" the 
Ann. Ult. (818), " Juxta Vadum duo- 
rum mirabilium ;" and the translator 
of the Annals of Clonmacnoise (816) 
also renders Ath-da-ferta " the Foorde 
of the two vertues." They all agree 
that the place was in Magh Conaille, 
a district in the present county of 

Louth ; but the Bodleian Annals of 
Inisfallen (ad an. 806 = 819) state 
that Aedh died "poyi pluogcro in 
CCi/bcnn," i.e., " on a hosting in Al- 
ba," or Scotland. O'F. writes "R. 
H." for Rex Hibernia3, in the marg. 

8 Air. This word is abbreviated, 
and the Editor is unable to say what 
place it represents, as the name of 
Ailebra Ua Muirle does not appear in 
any other Chronicle. 

4 Of Daimftinis. "Danninp, A. ; 
over which O'F. has written " Iri'jpe 
"Doiriite" (" of Inis Doimhle"), which 

U the place indicated in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, and the Four Mast. ; 
and as Inis Doimhle is situated in 
the south of Ireland, it would be 
more likely to be mentioned in con- 
junction with Corcach, or Cork, than 

Daimhinis, which is in Loch Erne. 
The transcrib. of B. has mixed up 
O'F.'s correction with the orig. text, 
and writes ""Oairmnp ocuf 
*0aimle Cojicaige" (i.e., of Daimh- 
inis, and Inis Doimhle of Corcach). 



the Ui Maine and their King, i.e. Cathal, son of Murchadh, A.D. 
with very many, were slain. The Kings of the Ui 
mBriuin, viz., Diarmaid, son of Tomaltach, and Maelco- 
thaigh, son of Fogartach, were victors. Diarmaid, Abbot 
of Hi, went to Alba with the shrine of Colum Cille. 

Kal. 1 Devastation of Laighen by Aedh, son of Niall. [819.] 
Death of Aedh, son of Niall Frosach, at Ath-da-ferta, 2 in 
Magh Conaille. A battle between the Cinel Eoghain and 
Cinel Conaill, in which Maelbreasail, son of Murchadh, 
King of the Cinel Conaill, was slain. Murchadh, son of 
Maelduin, was the victor. Cathal, son of Dunlaing, King 
of Ui Cennsealaigh, moritur. Conchobhar, son of Donn- 
chadh, reigns. 

Kal. Ailebra Ua Muirle, Bishop of Air. 3 and Damh- [820.] 
Hag, died. Fedhlimidh, son of Crimhthann, assumed tJie 
sovereignty of Mumhan. 

Kal. A hosting by Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, [821.] 
to Ard-achadh of Sliabh Fuaid. The Airtheara were 
plundered by him as far as Emhain Macha. Cenwulf, 
King of the Saxons, moritur. 

Kal. Great frost, so that the seas and lakes were [822.] 
frozen to such an extent that horses and burdens were 
conveyed across them. Eochaidh Ua Tuathail, Bishop 
and Abbot of Lughmhagh, quievit. Plunder of Daimhinis 4 
and Corcach, by Gentiles. 

Kal. Conaing, i.e. son of Congal, King of Teathbha, [823.] 
[obiit]. Congalach, son of Irgalach, tanist Abbot of 
Cluain-muc-Nois, [quievit]. The Law of Patrick estab- 
lisJied over Mumhan by Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann. 
Ronan, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, left his abbacy. The 



T>O [p]d^aiB a ab-occine. Sapuccat* Cluana mtic Noip -DO 
Cachat mac CCiblta, Hi h. 1T)aine,pop pecnabaT) TDurnan 
.1. plarm mac plaicbepcail, T>O thb pop^a, contajvo ipin 
8inamn concopcaip. "Dligef) .1111. cell nm TYlaiTmi 
pia Cacal mac Oitilla pop pe-olimiT) mac Cpimdiani 
a TTlai5 Mi ubi mutn cecnoefiunt: : 

Robcap, cpena Connachca a 


ben-DCU|i mop., 'galin'oe na 
o pe p otimi'o mac Cjumchain, cum 
coca habicacione -pua, ec cum Opcrcop,io. "Cene T>O Mini 
poyifa po^iUT* nCCbaT) an CCfiTi TTlacba, 50^1 
"Peft^ufa mic toin^ficch, tt!b CCifvo TTlaca. 

]ct. Ofi^am benT)caiyi a ^encibuf. Cac 
m quo ceci-oefiunc CCoT> mac po^a|ir;ai, ec atn. 
]ct. "OiajimaiT) h. CCoikc Rom, ancojiica er; 
-ooccoti hibefimae, [quieuic]. TTlasna 
m llibepma a -penioynbuip ec mpi|imif. 
mop. ocup ipcpa apan. CCp^am TDumlec^laifi 6 
lofcca-b TTIuile bile cona ep-DaimiC 6 ^enn^. Rainiu-5 
1 TTlais imf pe ntlllraib pop encit>, m quo ceciT>epunc 
plupimi. Uaoimu-D pop OppaipB 6 ^ennB. Op^am 
1nnpi "Daimle o ^encit). ITlapcpa blaichmaic mic 
ptamn 6 ^enciB m 1 Coluim Cilte. 

endow seven churches, as an atone- 
ment for his offence. 

*Ai. -Ni(prob.fortli),A. -oe&B. 

4 Galinne. Salim>e (Salinde), B. 

5 Was burnt, exupcum e. (ex- 
ustum e*t), A. B. 

6 Fergus. O'F., following the Four 
Mast., Colgan, and Ware, would sub- 
stitute " Flanngus." He is simply 
called "Mac Loingsigh" in the old 
lists of Abbots of Armagh. See 
Todd's St. Patrick, $c., pp. 175, 178, 
179. Mac Loingsigh's death is also 
recorded at the year 826, infra, which 

i Cathal. O'Flaherty adds the 
marg. note, "Hymani: dchoc Imaniis 
rege Dungal. Annales 83*, rectius ut 
infra A. 827;" signifying that the 
profanation here referred to is recorded 
in the Annals of the Four Mast, at 
the year 834 = 835, which would seem 
the more correct date, as under the 
year 827, infra, the vice- Abbacy of 
Cluain-muc-Nois is said to have been 
then given for the first time to a 

a Were adjudged. The meaning is 
that King Cathal was compelled to 



profanation of Cluain-muc-Nois by Cathal, 1 son of Ailill, 
King of Ui Maine, against the Munster vice- Abbot, viz., 
Flann, son of Flaithbhertach of the Ui Forga, whom 
he threw into the Shannon, so that he was drowned. 
Seven churches were adjudged 2 in atonement. A victory 
gained by Cathal, son of Ailill, over Feidhlimidh, son of 
Crimhthann, in Magh Ai, in which many fell : 

Strong were the Connachtmen in Magh Ai; 3 
They were not weak against Feidhlimidh. 

Gentiles attacked Bennchair M6r. Galinne 4 of the 
Britons was burnt 5 by Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann, 
with its whole dwelling-place, and with the oratory. 
Fire from Heaven fell on the Abbot's mansion in Ard- 
Macha, so that it was burnt. Death of Fergus, 6 son of 
Loingsech, Abbot of Ard-Macha. 

Kal. Plundering of Bennchair by Gentiles. The 
battle of Finnabhair, in which fell Aedh, son of Fogartach, 
and others. 

Kal. Diarmaid, grandson of Aedh Iloin, anchorite, 
and doctor of religion of Hibernia, [quievit]. A great 
pestilence in Hibernia among the old and infirm. Great 
famine and scarcity of bread. Plundering of Dun-leth- 
glaise by Gentiles. Burning of Magh-bile, with its 
Erdamhs, 7 by Gentiles. A defeat inflicted on Gentiles 
by the Ultonians, in Magh-inis, in which very many 
persons fell. A victory gained over the Osraighe by 
Gentiles. Plundering of Inis Doimhle by Gentiles. 
Martyrdom of Blathmac, son of Flann, by Gentiles, in 
HiofColumCille. 8 





would seem to be the correct date, as 
the Ann. Ult. and the Four Mast, 
have his obit at the year 825=826. 
See note J , next page. 

7 Erdamhs. The Erdamh seems 
to have been a small chamber, or 
chapel, attached to the side of a 

church. Adamnan (Vit. S. Columba, 
lib. iii., cap. 20) uses the word 
"exedra" apparently for it. See 
Reeves's ed. of Adamnan, p. 224, n. c . 
s In Hi Colum Cille. ini. Co. C., 
A. ; apparently a mistranscription for 
mlCo.C. The error is repeated in B, 



]ct. Niall mac Thanma-oa, Hi TTli'De, 
mac Ioin5fi, CCb CCifvo TTlacha, mofuaifi. CCfic mac 
T)iap.maDa, Ri 'Ceabca, lusuUrcup epc. Clemen^, CCb 
Cluana Ifiaifvo, quietus. tnn CCfiqaac mic 1T)uin;epa, 
Tli 'Geabca. Lex "Oaijie co Connachtu irefium. 

let. SanuccaT) Cogain an CCfvo TTlacha la Comaf- 
ccach mac Carail, "oo Hi CCifijiall, ocuf la Cdfiqai mac 
Concupai|i, cona-o tume fin aT>befir; Gogan, peyilei^inn 
TTlainifT:|iec, ann fiann fa T)ia|i cui|i a 8ailmceaTlui'5 
Well Caille, -oiafifuro coma|\buf paT)p.ais TDO 

.1. *oo 

CCbaifi le Mi alt niam'Da 
^ut 6-ogain mic CCnmchccoa ; 
"Ma biot) fan 71156 afiaba 
TTItmab CCbb a amncafia. 

CCi|ir;|ii mac Concupaip, baoi a ccomafibtif 
anuaip, -pm ; mac marhafi efiTe TO Ri 
Cumufccac mac Cacail. COpe a cumaip, 
Tli| a floi|, ocu-p peii^ap. ca teire cairn a 
|na "Niall mac CCo-oa -pofi CCi|i5ialliB ocu-p po|i 
m quo ceciT)ep.unT:1Tlui|ie'Dhach mac 6-acac, Hi UUro, er 
Cumu-pccac mac Carail, Ri CCi|ipall, er Con^alac a 
bjiaraiji, et: alu Re^ef T>CCi|ipallaiB ; ocuf fio ^ab 
Gogan TTlainifCfiec a\m comayibup poDfiai^ -pyn jie .ice. 
mbliaT)na iap.fin, rfie nepx Well Caille; coni*5 T>O 
cai fifing fie an coca -pn, T>O can "Oaciajioc 
CCfiacuil .1. Cell : 

1 Mac Loingsigh. O'F. adds the 
marg. note, "de hoc 823, sed heic 
rectius, ut in Tr. T. ;" by " Tr. T." 
signifying Colgan's Trias Thauma- 
turga [p. 294], in which the name of 
Flangus is given. See note 6 , p. 132. 

8 The Law of Daire. See note 2 , 
p. 128. 

Eoghtm. O'F. would substitute 

"Eochaidh" for Eoghan; but the 
latter seems the more correct. 

iMainistir; i.e. Mainistir Buite, 
now Monasterboice, in the county of 

6 Muiredhach. O'Flaherty adds 
the marg. note, "heic non cecidlt} 
[vijd. A. 83, infra," The killing 



Kal. Niall, son of Diarmaid, King of Midhe, moritur. 
Mac Loingsigh, 1 Abbot of Ard-Macha, moritur. Art, son 
of Diarmaid, King of Teabhtha, jugulatus est. Clemens, 
Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, quievit. [Mortal] wounding of 
Artri, son of Muirghes, King of Teabhtha. The Law 
of Daire 2 again promulgated in Connacht. 

Kal. Profanation of Eoghan in Ard-Macha by Cumasc- 
ach, son of Cathal, King of Airghiall, and by Airtri, son 
of Conchobhar ; and it was respecting this that Eoghan, 3 
Lector of Mainistir, 4 uttered the following stanza, when 
he sent his Psalm-singer to converse with Niall Caille, 
to ask him to defend the successorship of Patrick for 

Tell to the illustrious Niall 

The warning of Eoghan, son of Anmchadh : 

That he will not be in the power in which lie was, 

Unless his confessor is Abbot. 

It was Airtri, son of Conchobhar, that was in the suc- 
cessorship of Patrick at that time ; (he was son to the 
mother of the King of Airghiall, viz., Cumuscach, son of 
Cathal). The result was: the Kings assembled their 
armies, and the battle of Lethe-cam in Magh-enir was 
fought by Niall, son of Aedh, against the Airghialla and 
against the Ultonians ; in which battle fell Muiredhach, 5 
son of Eochaidh, King of Uladh; and Cumuscach, son of 
Cathal, King of Airghiall; and Congalach, his brother; and 
other Kings of the Airghialla ; and Eoghan Mainistrech 
possessed the chief-successorship of Patrick during nine 
years afterwards, through the power of Niall Caille. It 
was to foretel this battle that Saint Daciaroc of Aracul, 
i.e. a Gill, 6 sang 7 : 



of Muiredhach is recorded at the date 
here indicated; 

A Cill; or church. This place, 
rorw called Errigal-Keeroge, is in the 

barony of Clogher and county of 

''Sang. -DO can, A. jxo caoi 
(he wept), B. 


Lete cam, 

"Do paofcro mop, tigalnga'D ann ; 
T3app.upcup 6 Lete Lum, 
Cif> cian, ai) cum, cit mall. 

CCp 05 cappn^aipe an coca pin appepc bee TTIac 


Oece cam, 

ConpicpaiT* -oiap amnup ann ; 
biti Ri 6x>5han an- Go^an ; 
an leoal bia ann. 

Seanoip T>O mmntip CCip-omacha cecmic a cnle an 

"Mima fiucf am ap, mbai|ie ; 

"Mima lo-omaifi fee Leyxe (.1. Lann Oeyie) 

7>o TYluim- 

Sec cec n'oeoyiai'D m 


8ecnopot:e Cluana muc 
nechaiB na fiaba ^ lam. 

]ct. hua-oa mac ThafimaDa, Ri 'Cebra, mt;e|ipeccuf. 
Caqutomea'o pop, Dennis pe Coipppi mac Cacail, Ri 
ll. dnfilai|, ocup pe mumrep 'Cige TTlun'oa. TYlopp 
Tnuipe-Dhai^ mic Ruat>pac, Ri tai^en. 

]ct. Ceapball mac pnnac-oa, Ri "Dealtma berpa, 
mopicup. *DiapmaiT) CCb 1ae T>O 7)ul a nCClban co 
mionT>ib Colaim Cille. RaomeT) pop Connac-ooiB pe 

]ct. CCen^up mac "Otmcha-oa, Ri 'GeaBixx. Copmac 
mac Stnbm, eppcop ocup CCbb Ctuana 1paip-D, 

1 Overtaken. This would be ob- 
scure without the explanatory notice 
in the Four Mast. (825), which states 
that King Niall only joined in the 
battle, on the third clay, at Lethe- 
Luin, near Lethe-cam, when the 
northern armies were broken and pur- 
sued to the west of Armagh, where a 
slaughter was made of them. 

* Lann Lere. This is added by 
way of gloss on the name Lere ; but 
it is misplaced in A. and B., being 
added at the end of the stanza. 
Lann Lere, which O' Donovan (Four 
M., ad an. 825, note s) thought was 
the name of a monastery (now called 
Lynn), near Lough Ennell, in the 
county Westmeath, has been proved 




Great heroes shall perish there ; 
They shall be overtaken 1 from Lethe-Lulu, 
Though far, though late, though slow. 

It was prophesying this battle that Bee Mac De' 

said : 


A fierce pair shall there meet : 
Eoghan shall be King over Eoghan 
Noble the conflict which will be there. 

A senior of the family of Ard-Macha sang after the 
battle : 

Not well have we gained our goal ; 

Not well have we passed beyond Lere (i.e. Lann Lere) ;* 

Not well have we taken Eoghan, 

In preference to any pilgrim in Erin. 

The vice-Abbacy 3 of Cluain-muc-Nois given to Mun- 
stermen, which was never before done. 

Kal. Huada, son of Diarmaid, King of Tebhtha, inter- 
fectus. A battle-breach against the Gentiles by Cairpre, 
son of Cathal, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, and by the 
family of Teach Munna. Death of Muiredhach, son of 
Ruaidhri, King, of Laighen. 

Kal. Cearbhall, son of Finnachda, King of Dealbhna 
Bethra, moritur. Diarmaid, Abbot of Hi, went to Alba 
with the reliquaries of Colum Cille. A defeat of the 
men of Connacht by the men of Midhe. 

Kal. Aengus, son of Dunchadh, King of Teabhtha, 
died. Cormac, son of Suibhne, Bishop and Abbot of 



by Dr. Reeves to have been the an- 
cient name of Dunleer, in the county 
of Louth. The meaning of the ex- 
pression probably is, that the com- 
munity of Armagh were not wise in 
going beyond Dunleer, to Monaster- 
boice, to select Eoghan, who was 
Lector of the latter monastery, to be 
Abbot over them. 

8 The vice-Abbacy. Sec nopote, 
for fee nCCbaiT), or pec nCCtyocnne, 
A. B. The marg. note, "Cluain- 
muc-Nois. Prior ex Momonia, viz., 
Flannius, de quo A. 823," is added in 
A., in O'Flaherty's hand. See note l , 
p. 132, supra. This entry appears, 
therefore, to be somewhat out of place, 






lofcca"5 paifie la peiftlimi-o. Suibne mac paifinis, CCb 
"Oaiminpi, a nCCfvomaca quieum 

]ct T)ian.maiT> [T>O aaccmn] an Ofimn co mionT>oiB 
Colinm Cilte. tDuifienn CCbba^ffcc Citle T>an.a, quieuit;. 
Infia-o Conaille -DO gennB, Ufi sabaTxan. TTlaolbfii&oe 
an.fii, ec Can an an a bfwxfcaifi, ec co fiu befit; co a 
lonccoib. Infuro bpe la Concupap. mac "Oonncha-ba. 

]ct. CeDna ofi^am CCifvo TTlacha o ^enaB ^o r|ii an 
aon mif- Opgam Luccmai^ et TTlticfnama, ocuf 
ei; *0|ioma flubla, octif apaili cell. O 
Cianam octif -pme CiannacT)a, cona cellaiB, o 
"Cuaral mac pe^a-Dai^ T>O b|iei^ "DO ^e 
CCT)amnain o "Oomnoc TTIa^en. Infiafi berp.a po rjii la 
'Pei'olimi'fe. Lofcca-fe 'Cep.mamn Cluana Cianam la 
peiT)limi'D mac Cn.imi;hain. Ofi^am bf moifi o ennt5. 
TTlo|if Concupaip. mic T)onnchaT>ha, Hi 'Cemfiac. Cfuie-p 
CC|it; mic Concupoifi. "Miall Caille fie^nac. 

let. Raome-D fie "Mmll ocuf fie TTlufichaT)h pofi 
a n"0aifii Calcai%. Ofi^am Cluana TDolcan o 
lu^ulano minnrifie Cluana muc "Hoif, ocuf 
a "Cefimamn cofiice -oofiuf cille la pei-obmi-S 
Ri Caiyil. paen cuma ceT>na mumt;ifi "Duifima^, co 
-oofiuf a ccille. IDofif *OmfimaT)a mic 
Conn ache. 

1 Mttcsnamha. 1TluciT.iTtia, A. B., 
which is wrong, as Mucrimhe, or 
Mucramha, was the name of a plain 
in the county of Galway (Ogygia, 
pars iii., p. 67) ; and from the con- 
text it seems likely that Mucsnamha, 
now Mucknoe, in the county of Mon- 
aghan, was meant. The Ann. Ult. 
(831) and Four Mast (830) have 

8 Ometih. This should probably 
read "the churches of Omeith," or 
" Ui-meith-Macha," a tribe and ter- 
ritory in the co. Monaghan, contain- 

ing, among other churches, that of 
Mucksnamha, or Mucknoe. 

3 Domhnach Maghen. "Oomnach 
Tnasagen, A. B. *0omnach TTlcn- 
jen, Four Mast. (830). T)oTmmch 
rnaghem, Ann. Ult. (831). The 
place referred to is Donaghmoyne, in 
the barony of Farney and county of 
Monaghan. See Dr. Reeves's note 
on the subject of Adamnan's shrine 
being taken from a church of which 
he was not the patron. Columla, p. 
389, note . O'F. thinks the rest of 
this entry belongs to the year 833. 



Cluain-Iraird, quievit. Burning of Fore by Feidhlimidh. A.D. 
Suibhne, son of Fairnech, Abbot of Daimhinis, quievit at [gjjo/] 

Kal. Diarmaid [came] to Erinn, with the reliquaries [831.] 
of Colum Cille. Muirenn, Abbess of Cill-dara, quievit. 
The plundering of Conaille by Gentiles, who captured 
Maelbrighde, its King, and Cananan, his brother, whom 
they carried off to their ships. Plundering of Life by 
Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh. 

Kal. First plundering of Ard-Macha by Gentiles ; [832.] 
thrice in one month it was plundered. Plundering of 
Lughmhagh, and Mucsnamha, 1 and Omeith, 2 and Druim- 
Hubhla, and other churches. Spoiling of Daimhliag 
Cianain, and the territory of Ciannachta, with its churches, 
by Gentiles. Tuathal, son of Feradach, carried off by 
Gentiles; and Adamnan's shrine taken from Domhnach 
Maghen. 3 Bethra 4 devastated thrice by Feidhlimidh. 
Burning of the termon of Cluain Ciarain 5 by Feidhlimidh, 
son of Crimhthann. Plundering of Lis-m6r by Gentiles. 
Death of Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, King of Temhair. 
Quies of Artri, 6 son of Conchobhar. Niall Caille reigns. 

Kal. A victory gained by Niall and Murchadh over [333.] 
the foreigners, in Daire Chalgaigh. Plundering of Cluain 
Dolcan by Gentiles. Jugulatio of the family 7 of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, and the burning of its termon as far as the 
church-door, by Feidhlimidh, King of Caisel. In the 
same manner did lie treat the family 7 of Duirmhagh, as 
far as the door of their church. Death of Diarmaid, son 
of Tomaltach, King of Connacht. 

* Bethra ; i.e. Dealbhna Bethra, now 
the barony of Garrycastle, King's 
county. O'F. adds the date 833 in 
the marg. 

8 Termon of Cluain Ciarain; i.e. the 
Termon, or Church-lands of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, of which St. Ciaran was 
the founder. See Todd's St. Patrick, 
p, 160, 

6 Artri. O'F. adds in the marg. 
that he was Bishop of Armagh. See 
under the year 827. 

' Family, muintifve, gen. of 
muincefi ; lit. " people," and fre- 
quently put for family, i.e. " com- 
munity," or " congregation." 



n.e *OuncnaT mac 
T>U aT^oftcain. ile 

Cluana moi^i TTI 00-0615 
, ocu^ ayiaite cealt 
anaitic|ie a 

*Dex, ocuf \ia. 
a cCill 

jet. Ooccan Tnamiftfiec, CCb CCifvo TYlacha, quieuir. 
CCppficnc CCbbcrcifpa Chille T>an.a, quieuic. Ceallac 
mac bfiain, Hi Lai^en, er Cmao mac Conaing, Hi 
0)ie, mofiitmeufi. Car 
Scannlain, Hi Vl. 
Ofi^ani lmne T>a tocha 6 ^ 

]ct. Oja^dm pefina moifi 
o ennJ5, ocuf tofccat> 
T>1yi TDumhan. OCe-oacan 
cCluam muc "Hoif. 

]ct. Suibne mac 1ofet5, CCbb 
Ceall T>afia -Da^am 6 ^errat) o 

lee na citle. 'gabait an 
oyiannan CCb CCiftt)maca, 

aficbena, la pe'olimi'D mac C|nmcbainn, co car 
in-Dim, ocuf |io gabca icat; cona numalTtoiT:. 
Cluana moip, TTlaoDois a ^ennbuf m nocce 
cacif "Dommi ; mop,r;ipicaue|iimT: 
abfEulefumr. Uafeario ciiUTeliffima omnium Con- 
nachrofium a ^ennbuf. 

]ct. Hiacan mac pnnachixr, leic Hi Lai^en, mofii- 
rufi. ton^af r;|ii .acx. long 7>o "Noyimain-oiB po|\ boinn. 
Lon^ap oile rp,i .ocx. long -pon. abamn tippe. Ho lafat> 
an T>ana lon^aip -pem TTla Lipe ocuf ima mbfief, 
eT)ifi cella ocuf cuarxt. Haomef* p,e pejiaib bn.e pon. 
concoiicjiarxafi fe .xx. THO". Ca fie 
"Meill o Inbep, na mbafic, o muiia 50 
7>u |io laeef> dfi nd|i hain.mef> fiiah^i, ace 
euapejiune. LofccaT> Cluana muc Moif ocup 1iifi 
, ocuf cella Locha h6^ne uile ; ee "Oaimmip -DO 
o ^enriC. 8axoil6 raifi na 
n^all la Ciannache. CCp ^enre a cCan.n 

i Affraic. The remainder of this 
entry is written in the English cha- 
racter in A. and B. 

2 Night; i.e. on Christmas Eve. 
8 From Inbher-na-mbarc, jrom the 
tea; i.e. from Inbher-na-mbarc, which 



Kal. Eoghan Mainistrech, Abbot of Ard-Macha, A.D. 
quievit. Afiraic, 1 Abbess of Cill-dara, quievit. Ceallach, 
son of Bran, King of Laighen, and Cinaeth, son of 
Conaing, King of Bregh, moriuntur. A battle gained 
over Gentiles by Dunchadh, son of Scannlan, King of 
Ui ' Fidhgheinte, in which many of them were slain. 
Plundering of Glenn-da-locha by Gentiles. 

Kal. Plundering of Ferna-mor and Cluain-m6r- [835.] 
Maedh6ig by Gentiles, and burning of Mungairid and 
other churches in Ir-Mumhan. Aedhacan of Lughmhagh 
died on his pilgrimage at Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Kal. Suibhne, son of Joseph, Abbot of Glenn-da- [836.] 
locha, quievit. Cill-dara plundered by Gentiles from 
Inbher Dea; and they burned half the church. The . 
taking of the oratory at Cill-dara against Forannan, 
Abbot of Ard-Macha, with the congregation of Patrick 
besides, by Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann, by battle and 
arms ; and they were taken prisoners, with their submis- 
sion. Devastation of Cluain-mor-Maedhoig by Gentiles, 
on the night 2 of the Lord's Nativity. They put many 
persons to death, and carried off a very great number. 
Most cruel devastation of all Connacht by Gentiles. 

Kal. Kiagan, son of Finnachta, half-King of Laighen, [837.] 
moritur. A fleet of three score ships of Norsemen on the 
Boinn. Another fleet of three score ships on the river 
Liffe. These two fleets ravaged Magh Life and Magh 
Bregh, both churches and territories. A victory gained 
by the men of Bregh over the Gentiles, of whom six 
score were slain. A battle gained by Gentiles over the 
Ui Neill, from Inbher-na-mbarc, from the sea, 3 to the 
Sinuinn, in which such slaughter was inflicted as had 
never before been reckoned; but the chief Kings escaped. 4 
Burning of Cluain-muc-Nois, and Inis Celtra, and all 

was situated on the eastern sea- * Escaped. Inua^eyxunc (invase- 

coast of Ireland, westwards to the runt), A. B. C^ua'peyT . (for " e vase- 
Shannon, runt"), Ann. Ult (836). 


TnaiT>m na pepcae pia ^ennB. CCp gence ag 6p- 
puaift. CeT) gabail CCa Cliac o ^enciB. Copmac mac 
Cui term din n croup epc. Caal mac TTluipsepa, Hi 
Connachc, mopicup. 

jet. HuaiTjpi mac T)onnchaf>a, pecunTjup CCbbap 
Cluana 1paipT>, canaipi CCbb Cluana muc Noip, quieuit;. 
Ccrc pia n^en^B -po]i Connachra, m quo ceciT>ep.unr; 
fnaelT>um mac TTluifiseffa, ec aln. Op-an mac 
Ui Laiccen, mopruuf. 

]ct. TTIui|ie'Dac mac Ocac, Hi tlla^, 
fuif -pparfubuf .1. CCo-o ocuf (DCon^Uf ec aliif- 
pop toch Ocac ^up aip^er;op ^uaip^epz: epen-o ap, 
cill ip cuaic. Lopccar* pepna ocup Copcaie 6 

jet. Opsam Lu^mais DO Loc Ocac 6 enci15, epip- 
copop et: ppeppiisepop ec papient;ep capnuop T>uccepunr. 
plopicup 1mpepar;op "Ppancopum quieuic. "pe-Dlimi-fe 
fti TTluman DinpaT* TTli-De ocup bpe|, con-oepi-o a 
c'Cempai^. 1npaT> [f?eapa] Cell ocup [*Oealbna] becpa 
la Miall mac CCotia. TTloppp ttlupchcroa Hi Conn ace 
.1. mac CCoT>a. lopeph Hoipp, Gpipcopup er; CCbb 
Cluana eoip, quieuic. ^um dnaora mic Copcpaig, Hi 

]ct. ^en^e pop Loch Ocac beop. Lon^popr; oc LinT) 
ap ap loi^eT) cuara ocup cealla 'Ceabca. 
05 *OuiBlmn, ap ap loiceD Lai|in ocup h, 
eiT>ip ruachaiB ocup cellaib co Slmb bla-oma. 
Opjam Cluana G-onec ec -oil^enn Cluana Ipcnp-o ocup 
Cille aichai-o o 

1 Cathal. O'F. adds the year 838 
in the marg., in A. 

s Vice- Abbot. The words "fe- 
cun-otip CCbbap Cluana Ifiaifvo" 
are written as an orig. gloss over the 
name of Ruaidhri in A., and taken 
into the text in B. In the Four 
Mast. (837=838) Ruaidhri is des- 

cribed as "Prior of Cluain-Iraird and 
Abbot of other churches." 

s Muiredhach. See note *, p. 134. 

t Floriacus; i.e. Ludovicus Pius, 
who died 12 July, 840. This entry 
is transposed in A. and B., being intro- 
duced between the words "^ennb" 
and "Gpipcopop" in the preceding 


the churches of Loch Erne, and Daimhmis destroyed, by A.D. 
Gentiles. The killing of Saxolb, Lord of the Foreigners, 837.] 
by the Ciannachta. A slaughter of Gentiles at Carn-Fe- 
radhaigh. The victory of the Ferta gained by Gentiles. 
A slaughter of Gentiles at Eas-ruaidh. First taking 
of Ath-cliath by Gentiles. Cormac, son of Cuillennan, 
was born. Cathal, 1 son of Muirghes, King of Connacht, 

Kal. Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh, vice-Abbot 2 of [838.] 
Cluain-Iraird, and tanist Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. A battle gained by Gentiles over the Con- 
nachtmen, in which fell Maelduin, son of Muirghes, and 
others. Bran, son of Faelan, King of Laighen, mortuus. 

Kal. Muiredhach, 3 son of Eochaidh, King of TJladh, [839.] 
murdered by his brothers, viz., Aedh and Aengus, and 
others. Foreigners on Loch Echach, so that they devas- 
tated the north of Erin, both churches and territories. 
Burning of Ferna and Corcach, by Gentiles. 

Kal. Plundering of Lughmhagh by Gentiles from [840.] 
Loch Echach, who carried captive bishops, and presby- 
ters, and sages. Floriacus, 4 Emperor of the Franks, 
quievit. Feidhliinidh, King of Mumhan, plundered Midhe 
and Bregh, and rested at Temhair. Plundering of [Feara] 
Ceall and [Dealbhna] Beathra by Niall, son of Aedh. 
Death of Murchadh, King of Connacht, i.e. the son of 
Aedh. Joseph of Ross, Bishop and Abbot of Cluain-eois, 
quievit. [Mortal] wounding of Cinaeth, son of Coscrach, 
King of Breghmhuine. 

Kal. Gentiles still on Loch Echach. A fortress erected [841.] 
by Foreigners at Linn-duachaill, from which the terri- 
tories and churches of Teabhtha were spoiled. A fortress 
erected at Dubhlinn, from which Laighen and the Ui 
Neill were spoiled, both territories and churches, as 
far as Sliabh Bladhma. Plundering of Cluain-edhnech, 
and demolition of Cluain-Iraird and Cill-achaidh, by 

CRotiicum scocoftum. 

]ct. 5 ence "P ! 1 "OmpliiTO beop. Op^am Cluana 
muc IJoipo enT ^fi -DO Lmn "ouachaill. Opgam bippa 
ocup Sai|;pe o ^ennt). tom^ep 14opmaniT)iB pop boinn 
oc unn poipp. Lom?;ep ele occ tmn miacaill. Coeman 
CCbb LinTe -ouacaill T>O 50111, ec T>O lopcca-o -DO ^ 
Opgam TMpipt; "Oiapma-oa T>O Gael upque o 
"Dungal mac pepgaile, Ri Oppaige, mopieup. Cennen|; 
Tap5am ocup TJO lopcca-5 Cluana muc Noip. 

]ct. "Pep^up mac po^aTD, Ri Conn ache, mopieup. 
TDonnacan mac TTlaeilicuile, pcpiba ee ancopica quieuic 
m 1caba. THaelpuanaiT) Ri TTli'De, mopirup. Con- 
galuc mac Ipgalai^, canaipi CCbba-o Cluana muc "Moif, 

|Ct. Rondn, CCbb Ctuana muc Hoif, quieuir;; -DO 
oif T>O. Coi|\pp.e mac Cacail, Hi 
mo|\it:ufi. 'Colops mac CCltaile-o, -plaie "Pella, 
eft: o 5aU-oit5 Loch a HiB, er T:ep.num pmnacan 
mac CCtlaileT) uaroip. 

]ct. "po]ianT)dn, CCb CCip.T) THacha, T>U e^abail 6 
a cCluain Comafi-oa, cona mm-oaiB ocuf cona 
i, ec ambp,eic a longaiB 50 Luimnec. 
T)um TTIafc o ^enr;iB, T>U jio mayiba-D CCoTi mac 
T>a cp,ioc, CCb Ope -oa %lapp ocuf Cluana ei-onig, ocuf 
Ceirepnac mac Con-omaifc, fecnab Cille -oapa. "Dun 
la 'Cupge-p T)O sallaip -pop toch RiB, 50 po loicerop 
Connachca ocup TTli'De, es cop loipcpioc Cluam muc 
"Noip cona T)epT:i5hiC, ec Cluam -pepra bpenumn, ec 'Cip 
oa slapp, ec Loepa, ec cacpaca lonroa. Cacpamef* -pop 
pia Mi all mac CCofta a TTlai^ 1t;ha. Op^am 

1 Laiffhne of Ros-tethrach. " Ros- 
Temrach," Four Mast. (842). There 
was a tribe called the Laighne of 
Ros-Temrach settled in Meath, in 
whose territory Colgan ( Trip. Life of 
St. Patrick, lib. iu, c. 10) places the 
church of Domhnach-mor-Muighe- 

Echenach, now Donaghmore, near 

* Fealla. This territory is also 
mentioned in the Four Mast. ; but 
Dr. O'Donovan, not knowing that it 
occurred in this Chronicle, thought it 
a mistake of those compilers. See his 


Kal. Gentiles on Dubhlinn still. Plundering of Cluain- A.D. 
muc-Nois, by Gentiles from Linn-duachaill. Plundering [842"] 
of Birr and Saigher by Gentiles. A fleet of Norsemen on 
the Boinn, at Linn-ross. Another fleet at Linn-duachaill. 
Caemhan, Abbot of Linn-duachaill, mortally wounded 
and burnt by Gentiles. Plundering of Disert-Diarmada, 
from Cael-uisce, by Gentiles. Dungal, son of Fergal, 
King of Osraighe, moritur. Cennetigh plundered, and 
Cluain-muc-Nois burnt by Gentiles. 

Kal. Fergus, son of Fothadh, King of Connacht, [843.] 
moritur. Donnacan, son of Maeltuile, scribe and anchorite, 
quievit in Italy. Maelruanaidh, King of Midhe, moritur. 
Congalach, son of Irgalach, tanist-Abbot of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, quievit. 

Kal. Ronan, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit; he [844.] 
was of the Laighne of Ros-tetrach. 1 Coirpre, son of 
Cathal, King of Laighen, moritur. Tolorg, son of Allai- 
ledh, Chief of Fealla, 2 slain by the Gentiles of Loch Ribh; 
and Finnacan, son of AUailedh, escaped from them. 

Kal. Forannan, Abbot of Ard-Macha, captured by [845.] 
Gentiles at Cluain-comardha, together with his reliquaries 
and people ; and they were taken in ships to Luimnech. 
Plundering of Dun-Masc by Gentiles, on which occasion 
Aedh, son of Dubh-da-crich, Abbot of Tir-da-glass and 
Cluain-Eidhnech, and Ceithernach, son of Condmaisc, 
vice- Abbot of Cill-dara, were slain. A fortress erected 
by Turges for the foreigners, on Loch Ribh, so that they 
spoiled Connacht and Midhe, and burned Cluain-muc- 
Nois, with its oratories, and Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and 
Tir-da-glass, and Lothra, and numerous cities. 3 A battle- 
breach over 4 Gentiles gained by Niall, son of Aedh, in 

note (), F. M., ad an. 842. The 
situation of Fealla has not been as- 

8 Citiet. ccrcjxaca, pi. of ccrcticnfi,, 
a city, seat, or chief abode ; and here 

probably meaning ecclesiastical es- 
tablishments. " CecctUt," churches, 
or cells. F our Mast. 

* Cher, pojx, A. ; omitted in B. 


"Don-ocha-ba mic pollamain ocup plainn mic TYlaeil- 
fiuanai-b, la TTlaelpeclain mac rnailfiuanaii). 'Cufisep 
DO eyi^abdil la fflaelpeclain mac TTlailfitianaiT), ocuf 
bo-baft 'Cup.sep il toe Uaifu 

]ct. Coral mac CCiblla, Ri tl. TTlaine ; 
papienp CCijvo TTlacha; Connmac moji mac 
Ri h. mbfiiuin, T>op,mie|iunu. "Niall Caille, mac CCe-oa, 
Hi ", -DO baija-b a cCallaiim mdel'ouin mac 
Conaill, Hi Calar:|ioma, r>o gum o taismB. Car -pop 
Connachca fie galloiB, ubi Rigan mac pefigupa, &c 
TDu^iion mac T)ia|imaT)a, er CCo'b mac Cacafinai^, octif 
alu ceciT>e|iiinT:. 'Donncha'D mac CCmalccaT>a, Hi h. 
nGc-oac, mofiicufi. O^gam 'Gefimainn Ciayidm 6 pe-o- 
bmi'o mac Cfumchainn. Ciafian, "ono, T>O cochc na 
Diai a TTlumain, ocuf pop^om -oa bacaill [T>O c 
oo mn, cofigaB ^um meariom e. TTlaelfechlam 

]ct. pei'olimi'D, Ri TTluman, 
ec ancofuca, quieuic. 

an a *0e T)peif)tiTTiif>, 
"Conn bccif bajiom |xot)bdi'De ; 
Po-oeafia bfton T)&i|ietinchaib 
"Mat) mai|i mac Cfimichain'o Claifie. 

1nnfi TTluiTifiemaiii la TTlaolfeclainn 
pianlac mofi] -01 maccoib baif ttngm ec ^ailenj, |io 
bai^up, 05 mnjioD na cuac moiae ^encilmm. Raoinei) 
mop. p,e Ceap-ball mac "Dungaib poyi CCson-o, m quo 

1 King of Temhair. The letters 
"ft. e." (for yvi5 &p,enn, "King of 
Erinn") are added in the marg. in A. 
by the orig. hand. 

2 Termon of Ciaran ; i.e. the ter- 
mon lands belonging to Cluain-mue- 

FeidhUmidh. " R[ex3 Momo- 
nise ;" marg. note by O'F. 

4 Followed him. The record of this 
event given by the Four Mast. (844) 

represents Feidhlimidh as only "ima- 
gining" that he was pursued and 
struck by St. Ciaran ; and the Ann. 
of Clonmacnoise (843) state that St. 
Ciaran appeared to him in a vision, as 
he slept. 

6 Maelsechlain. The orig. hand has 
added the letters yv. &. in the marg., 
in A., to signify that Maelsechlain 
was 1115 &fierm (King of Erinn). 

6 King of Mumltan. Giraldus Cam- 
brensis (Top. Hib., Dist. III., c. 44) 



Magh Itha. Plundering of Donnchadh, son of Follamhan, A.D. 
and of Flann, son of Maelruanaidh, by Maelsechlain, son [845/j 
of Maelruanaidh. Turges was taken prisoner by Mael- 
sechlain, son of Maelruanaidh ; and Turges was drowned 
in Loch Uair. 

Kal. Cathal, son of Ailill, King of Ui Maine; Fer- [846.] 
domhnach, "sapiens," of Ard-Macha; and Connmach 
m6r, son of Coscrach, King of Ui mBriuin, dormierunt. 
Niall Caille, son of Aedh, King of Temhair, 1 was drowned 
in the Callann. Maelduin, son of Conall, King of Cala- 
truim, [mortally] wounded by the Lagenians. A battle 
gained over the Connachtmen by Foreigners, in which 
Rigan, son of Fergus, Mughron, son of Diarmaid, and 
Aedh, son of Catharnach, and others, fell. Donnchadh, 
son of Amhalgaidh, King of Ui nEchdach, moritur. 
Plundering of the Termon of Ciaran 2 by Feidhlimidh, 3 
Bon of Crimthann. Ciaran, however, followed him 4 to 
Mumhan, and [gave] him a thrust of his crozier, so that 
he received an internal wound. Maelsechlain 5 reigns. 

Kal. Feidhlimidh, King of Mumhan, 6 the best of the [847.] 
Scoti, a scribe and anchorite, quievit. 

Alas ! God ! for Feidhlimidh ; 
The cold wave of death has drowned him ; 
It is a cause of grief to the men of Erinn, 
That the son of Crimthann of Claire lives not. 

Demolition of Inis-MuinremharbyMaelsechlainn, [against 
a great multitude 7 ] of "sons of death" of the Luighne and 
Gailenga, who were plundering the territories after the 
manner of Gentiles. A great victory gained by Cerbhall, 

enumerates Feidhlimidh among the 
Monarchs of Ireland, thus agreeing 
with the Bodleian Annals of Innis- 
fallen ; but the Annalists of the 
northern portion of Ireland deny him 
that dignity. 
1 Against a great multitude. It 

being plain that some words were 
omitted in the text, the clanse in 
brackets has been added from the 
Ann. Ult (846). For pcmlac, a 
multitude, the Four Mast. (845) have 
pmU/ac, a word of identical signifi- 




ceci-oefium; Ce-o 07150111 Imlicc iubaifi 6 
Oogan mac enacan, mic tlofibais, ancojuta, a cCtucnn 
muc "Moif quieuic. 

let. puroac-oa mac T;omalt;aicch, Scmcrtif Luimrn|, 
cmcofiica popr, er; Rex Cormachc pfiiuf, quieuir. 
"Cucrccufi mac Cotfcai%, Ri Luine, mofiicufi. Ca |ie 
Tflaolfeclainn mac TYlaeilfiuanaiT) [pop ^errciB] t 
Pofiais, m quo cecToefiunc .tm. ceu Ca fie nOlcoBufi, 
Ri TDuman ocuf fie Loyicdn mac Cetlaic co 
poji SenciE ic 8ciai "Nechrain m quo ceci-oic 
1a^la, Tanai^i Ri Lochldnn, ocuf T>a cei T>ec immi. 
Raoine-o jie ^1561111 ac, Hi Loch a abafi, -pop, ^eni;iC, t 
nT)ai|ie "Oifijic "Daconna, m quo ceciT>ejiunc T)a pcec 
oecc. Kaomet) fie neo^anachi: Caifit 
"Dun TTlaoileT:uile, in quo ceci7)efiunT; cuig ceu 
la hOlcobafi T>O ro^ail T>uin Coficai^e poyi 

]ct. Conam^ mac plainn, Hi bfie|, mofii^Ufi. "Khali 
mac dnae-oa, Hi Umaill, mofii^ufi. Clonsuf mac 
CClgaile, Pfimcepf "Oomnai paT>fiaic, ocuf pmnacca 
mac Thafima-oa, CCb *0aimlia5, ec Tnaol-pua-Dail, CCb 
CCip.7) bfieacdm quieueyiuriT:. InfiaT* T)uiblinne la TTlaol- 
peclamn ec la 'dgefinac, Ri Loch a ^apafi. plann mac 
Cuanac, Pfimcepf TTlainifrfiec [quieuic]. 

T>O muinr;ii Ri dll T>O 

1 Over Agond. p. CCgon-o, A. B. 
Dr. O'Conor, in his ed. of the Ann. 
Ult. (846), translates this expression 
"de praedonibus ;" but there is no 
authority for such an interpretation. 
The word "CCsoiro" is apparently 
the name of some Danish chieftain. 
" Haconn" would probably be so 
written ; and a chieftain of this name 
is mentioned in the " Wars of the 
Gaedhil with the Gaill," but his ar- 
rival in Ireland is referred to the year 
916. See Todd's ed. of the work, 
p. 27. 

OfTorbach. J Co|xbaiTi& of Tor- 

barg, A. B. ; but the name is written 
Torbach in all other authorities. 

3 OfLuimnech. This name is written 
Luibnigh, "of Luibnech," in the Ann. 
Ult. (847) and Four Mast. (846). 
Dr. O'Donovan (Four Mast. loc. cit.) 
states that Luibnech was "a place 
on the borders of ancient Meath and 
Munster, where it is probable he 
(Finnachda) was fostered ;" but iu 
the Baih Finnachda, a tract preserved 
in the Yellow Book of Lecan (col. 
908), Finnachda is represented as 
having proceeded from Connaught to. 
Ui Ginnsealaigh, to the spot called 



son of Dunghal, over Agond, 1 in which 1,200 were slain. A.D. 
First plundering of Imlech-Ibhair by Gentiles. Eoghan, [847.] 
son of Edacan, son of Torbach, 2 anchorite, quievit at 

Kal. Finnachda, son of Tomaltach, the Saint of [848.] 
Luimnech, 3 latterly an anchorite, and previously King of 
Connacht, quievit. Tuathchur, son of Cobhthach, King 
of Luighne, moritur. A battle gained by Maelsechlainn, 
son of Maelruanaidh, [over the Gentiles], at Forach, in 
which 700 fell. A battle gained by Olchobhar, King 
of Mumhan, and by Lorcan, son of Cellach, 4 with 
the Lagenians, over the Gentiles, at Sciagh Nechtain, in 
which Tomrair Earl, tanist of the King of Lochlann, was 
slain, and 1,200 along with him. A victory gained by 
Tigernach, King of Loch Gabhar, over Gentiles, at Daire- 
Disert-Dachonna, where twelve score perished. A victory 
gained by the Eoghanacht-Chaisil over Gentiles, at Dun 
Maeiltuile, in which 500 were slain. A fort erected by 
Olchobhar, to demolish the fort of Corcach against the 

Kal. Conaing, son of Flann, King of Bregh, moritur. [849.] 
Niall, son of Cinaedh, King of TJmall, moritur. Aengus, 
son of Alghail, Superior of Domhnach Padraig, and 
Finnachda, son of Diarmaid, Abbot of Daimhliag, and 
Maelfuadhaigh, Abbot of Ard-Brecain, quieverunt. The 
plundering of Dubhlinn by Maelsechlainn, and by Tiger- 
nach, King of Loch Gabhar. Flann, son of Guana, Abbot 
of Mainister Buite, [quievit]. A naval expedition of seven 
score ships, of the people of the King of the Foreigners, 

Formael, at which place, according to 
Keating (Hist. Ir., reign of Cormac 
Mac Airt), was Tjuimnech Laighen, or 
Limerick of Leinster. It is now 
called Limerick, and is situated in 
the parish of Kilcavan, barony of 
Gorey, and county of Wexford. 
* Of Cellach. Cccclcnc ("of Cath- 

lach"), A. B. ; evidently a mistake 
for Cellaij ("of Cellach"), as in the 
other Annals, and in the ancient list 
of Kings preserved in the Book of 
Leinster. O'Flaherty has added the 
letters " R. L.," for " Rex Lageniae," 
in the marg. in A. 



peama pop na gallaiB bacrup ap a ccinn, 
commepcpac h(3pinn uile iapum. TT1 aolbpepail mac 
Cepnai, Ri tnu^fcopn lusulcrcup epc a ^ennlibup iap 
co clepcec. CCn cpopp a -ppaicre Slain e T>O 
ipin aep ec a combpuccaft, ec a po-oail, co 
coppacht; ni T>ia bapp Tallinn ocup pnnabaip abae. 

]ct. Ce-oaTjac CCb Cluana muc Woif, T>e 1b Cofimaic 
TTlaen TTlai^e, ec Tuaral mac peiuroaig, CCb Recfiann 
ec TDefimai^e, quieueyiunT:. dnao'b mac Conam^, Ri 
Ciannac-oa, T>O fiit^ai^ecc |ie TTlaelfeclamn mac TYlael- 
fiuanai-D a nejvc gall, ^uyi fiom-oe^ o Sionamn co muifi, 
einn. cealla ocup cuara, ec ^up. ope mnpi Loca ^abop ; 
ocup pa toipcce'o leip T)iipi:ec Tpeoire cum .cc.loc. 
hommibup, ec Duprec nuappac cum .Ix. hominibup. 
TTlopp Cobchai| mic TTIaoilico^a, Ri Ciappai^e Luacpa. 
Recr;appac, CCb Cluana pepra bpenamn, quieuie. Loch 
Lai hi epic Umaill la Connachra T>eloT). 

]ct. Olcobup mac Cinaot>a, Ri Caipil, mopmtp. 
dnao'b mac Conain^, Ri CiannacT)a, T>emeppup epc m 
lacu .1. m CCnp, cpUT>eli mopre 6 TDaoilpeclam er 6 
'd^epnac, T>1 -poepmaib T>ai^ -DaoiniB nGpeann, ec 
comapba pa-opaig ppeciabrep. Teacc "Ouipseneib T>O 
CCc Cbac gup palpac dp mop -pop ponn 5t,loit>, ocup 
gup mDippioc an lon^popc euip T>aoimb ocup m 0011110*. 
SUrc ele T>O "DuiB^enniB con dp mop pop pinn^en^B oc 
Lmn "Ouacaill. Rig T>dl anCCpT) TTlaca eiT)ip TTlaolpec- 
lain co maidb Leire Cumn, ocup TTla'DU'Dan co main!5 

1 Rechtabhrach. Reccavfi, A. 
Tlecca~il., B. 

* Loch Laigh. Loch taig, A. B. 

King of Caisel. O'F. adds the 
letters "R. M." in the marg. in A., 
to signify that Olchobhar was " Rex 
Momonia," or King of Munster. 

* In the Anghi. " m CCnp," added 
as a gloss over the word " i 

tm" in A. 

6 Province of ConckobJiar; i.e. 
Uladh, or Ulidia. 

6 Fethgna. Over this name, in A., 
the orig. hand has written "Peachc," 
to signify that Fethgna should pro- 
bably be Feachtgna, or Fechtgna, as 
in the succeeding entry ; but at the 
year 859, infra, the name is written 
Petgtia (Fethgna), the form in which 
it appears in the several lists of Ab- 



came to oppress the Foreigners who were in Erinn 
before them ; and they disturbed all Erinn afterwards. 
Maelbresail, son of Cernach, King of Mughdhorn, was 
murdered by Gentiles, after having entered into the clerical 
state. The cross on thegreen of Slane was lifted up 
into the air, and broken, and scattered, so that fragments 
of its top reached Taillten and Finnabhair-abha. 

Kal. Cedadhach, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, of the 
Ui Cormaic of Maen-magh, and Tuathal, son of Feradhach, 
Abbot of Rechra and Dermhagh, quieverunt. Cinaedh, 
son of Conaing, King of Ciannachda, rebelled against 
Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, through the influence 
of the Foreigners, so that he devastated from the Sionann 
to the sea, both churches and territories ; and he spoiled 
the islands of Loch Gabhar; and the oratory of Treoit 
was burnt by him, with 260 men in it; and the oratory 
of Nuarrach, with 60 men in it. Death of Cobhthach, 
son of Maelcobha, King of Ciarraighe Luachra. Rech- 
tabhrach, l Abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit. Loch 
Laigh, 2 in the territory of Umhall, in Connacht, stole away. 

Kal. Olchobhar, son of Cinaedh, King of Caisel, 3 
moritur. Cinaedh, son of Conaing, King of Ciannachda, 
was drowned in a lake (i.e. in the Anghi 4 ) a cruel death 
by Maelsechlainn and Tigernach, to the satisfaction of 
all the good men of Erinn, and of the comarb of Patrick 
especially. The arrival of Dubh-Ghenti at Ath-cliath, 
and they inflicted great slaughter on the Finn-Gaill, and 
devasted the fortress, both people and property. Another 
depredation committed by Dubh-Ghenti on Finn-Ghenti, 
with great havoc, at Linn-duachaill. A royal meeting 
at Ard-Macha, including Maelsechlain, with the nobles of 
Leth Chuinu, and Madudhan, with the nobles of the 
Province of Conchobhar, 5 and Dermait and Fethgna, 6 





bots of Armagh quoted by the Rev. 
Dr. Todd (St. Patrick, pp. 174-182), 

except that from the Book of Leintter 
in which it is written "Fechgna," 


CROW 1 cum 

coicce-5 Concufiaip, es "Oepmair, ocup pena co pamu-o 
pa-opaic, ec Suaiplec co clepciB TTh-ohe. 

let. "Quo hepe-oep pa-opuic .1. popairoan pcpiba ec 
Opipcopup, ocup ancopiea, es TMapmai-o papiencippimup 
omnium -ooctopum Supopae, quieuepunc. Uaptcrcio 
CCifiT) TTlacha o 501101 B brine T)uacaill -Die Sam Chaps- 
Luce occ .acac. 16ns -Dpinn^eneiB T>O fiocT^crceufi T>O ccrc 
pfim "Duib^ennB 7>o 8nam CCi^nec; .111. Imre ocuf c|\i 
ai-5ce 05 ccrcucccro T)oib, ache af jie "OuiBsennB fio 
meabai'D, co -pafi^ar; a cell oa longaiB leo. 
puginuuf euafie; ee leyicne "Decollcrcuf e 
mac TTlaoilbfiefait, Hi CCifipalt, mo|iiT;u|i. Colum 
mac CCifiecheai^, CCb Coficaige, quieuie. pecr^na a 
ccomafibuf POCJIUIC. 

]ct. CCmlaiB mac Hi toclamne T>O eoi^ecr; anetunn, 
pattfar; ^aill e^ieann T>6, ec ci'op o ^aoiT)eali^ TIO. 
mac ^uai|ie, Hi tai^en "Oefsabaifi, iu^u- 
efc T)olofe 6 Ofiuaccafi mac CCoT>a, ee 6 Cefibatt 
mac "Dunsaile ; ee bfiuar^ap, mac CCoT)a, 
efc -Dolofe a focn-p fuif m .xlun. -Die pofc 
nonem Ocn^eiin. Coral mac 'Comalcai^, 
tHat>, a "Mo|\man7)if ineefipecmf efc. 

]ct. TTlaolfeclain Ri 'Cemjia T)o "out co 
TTluman cotn^e 1nT)ein na T)T)efi, ocu 
cabaifie. Inyiacheac .H. pnnachra, hep.ef Coluim Cille, 
fapienp opeimup, .1111. IT>. mapen apUT) Saxonep map.- 
npi^aeup. TTluipsel Ri|an taigen mopeua epr:. 

]ct. CCbbacippa Cilte T>apa, .1. Caspian, quieuie. 
Cpec la CCo-D mac Nell co hUllcu, co pap^aib Connecan 



1 Samh Chasff ; lit " Summer Eas- 
ter." This has been translated " the 
Sunday before Easter" by Dr. 0' Do- 
novan (Four Mast., ad an. 850), and 
" Dies Paschse" by Dr. O'Conor (Ann. 
Ult. 851). The English translr. of 
the latter Chronicle also renders it 
by "Easter-day," (MS. Brit. Mus., 

Clarend. torn. 49) ; but according to 
an ancient tract on Ecclesiastical 
Seasons, preserved in the MS. Laud, 
610, Bodleian Library, Samh Chase 
is the first Sunday after the seven- 
teenth of the July moon ; and in the 
Leabhar Breac, fol. 35 b., it is stated 
to be the 40th day after 



with the congregation of Patrick, and Suairlech, with the 
clergy of Midhe. 

Kal. Two successors of Patrick, viz., Forannan, scribe 
and Bishop, and anchorite, and Diarmaid, the wisest of 
all the doctors of Europe, quieverunt. The devastation 
of Ard-Macha by the Foreigners of Linn-duachaill, on 
the day of Samh Chasg. 1 A fleet of eight score ships of 
Finn-Ghenti arrived to tight against Dubh-Ghenti, at 
Snamh-aignech. They fought during three days and 
three nights; but the Dubh-Ghenti were successful, so 
that their opponents abandoned their ships to them. 
Stain escaped fleeing; and lercne 2 was beheaded. Fo- 
gartach, son of Maelbresail, King of Airghiall, moritur. 
Colum, son of Airechtach, Abbot of Corcach, quievit. 
Fechtgna 3 in the comarbship of Patrick. 

Kal. Amhlaibh, son of the King of Lochlann, arrived 
in Erinn, so that the Foreigners of Erinn submitted to 
him, and tribute was paid to him by the Gaeidhel. 
Eachtigern, 4 son of Guaire, King of Laighen Desgabhair, 
was treacherously slain by Bruadar, son of Aedh, and by 
Cerbhall, son of Dungal ; and Bruadar, son of Aedh, was 
treacherously slain by his companions on the 47th day 
after the murder of Echtigern. Cathal, son of Tomaltach, 
half-King of Uladh, was slain by the Norsemen, 

Kal. Maelsechlain, King of Temhair, went to the men 
of Mumhan, as far as Inde'in-na-nDe'si, and he brought 
their hostages. Inrechtach Ua Finnachta, successor of 
Colum Cille, the best sage, is martyred 5 among the 
Saxons, on the 4th of the Ides of March. Muirgel, 
Queen of Laighen, mortua est. 

Kal. The Abbess of Cill-dara, i.e. Catrian, quievit. 
A preying expedition by Aedh, son of Niall, into Ulidia, 

or Whitsunday, answering to the 5th 
Sunday after Trinity. 

2 lercne. Giftcne (Eircne), Ann. 
Ult. See note J , p. 170. 

Fechtgna. See note 8 , p. 150. 
4 Eachtigern. Gctccaigejin, A B. 
6 Was martyred. ma|u;i|iifGcrc, 
A. B. 








mac Colmain ocup plaitbepcac mac N6U, ocup pocai-fce 
apchena. CCilitl CCbb CCchai-oh bo mopmup epc. 

Jet. Cuipne m6fi ocup piocc, $up bimT>ecT)a ppim 
loca, ocup ppim aibne Gpenn T>O coipigait) ocup -DO 
mapcachaift a .ix. fct. "Oecembpip upque OD .tin. ID. 
lanuapu. 'Gempepruopup annup. TTlaetfeclainn mac 
1DaeL]iuanai'5 a cCaipil 50 1^:115 palta TTluman. 
mop ei-oifi 5 erlT:1 ^ ec TTlaelfeclain co 5 a ^ 
leif. Occifio ^o|imain mic tonain, Hi 
"oamna Caifil, o ^enciB, 1 Loc Ceann CCnno *Oommi 
.T)ccc.lui. "Ouiyicec Lufca TDO lofcca'D a WofimanT>ip. 
nofim caoifioc na n'Duib^enciB lu^ulacuf efc ta 
Hua-Dfiais mac TTlefimein, Hi bfieron. SoDomna 6pif- 
copup Staine ma[iT;ifii^ar;u|i a NofimaiToif. TTlofiff 
"Nett mic ^lUain iafi mbei T>ec mbbaT)Tia pceT) gan 

]ct. Haome-o pen lomaifi octif pen CCmlaitS pop 
Carhal pmn con all 5 aoiT)ea ^ 1 ^ a npib TTluman. 
TTlaon^al CCb "Pabaip quietuc. TTIa'DU'Dan mac TTlui- 
pe7)ai5, Ri tHa-o, mopirup. "Cpiap 7)o tofcca'o a 
c'Cailiren -ptilsope. bpan mac Bcanlam, Hi 5^ain> 

]ct. Stuacca^ mop T>iap loifcce-5 TTltima an aon 16 
ta TTlaet'pectain mac TDaolpuanaiTi, co pepoiB Openn, 
co ci;u5faT> maiT)m -pop pepaib TTluman oc Capn Lu^oac, 
guppaccba'5 ann TTlaelcpom mac TTluipe'Dhai, lei Hi 
tia n"0epa "Cucc TTlaelfeclamn 51 alia TTluman 6 
Comap cpi nupce co 1nnpi 'Capbna lap nOpeann, 
ocup 6 "Dun Cepmna co hCCpamn naipap. Ceallac 
mac ^udipe, Hi tai|en "Oepp^abaip .1. 

1 In CaiteL a cccopU A. B. 

The expression "-DO -otil 50 Caifil," 

"went to Caisel," would be more 


Gall-Gaeidhel; i.e. "Dano-Irish." 
Anno Domini 856. This event 

has been added in the marg. in A., 

by the orig. hand, and not copied 

* Ruaidhrigh. Probably Rodhri 
the Great, whose death is recorded 
in the Annales Cambria, and Brut y 
Tywysogion, at the year 877. 

6 Mermen ; i.e. Mervyo. See Ann, 


where he lost Connecan, son of Colman, and Flaith- A.D. 
bhertach, son of Niall, and a great many besides. Ailill, [355!] 
Abbot of Achadh-b6, mortuus est. 

KaL Great ice and frost, so that the principal lakes [856.] 
and principal rivers of Erinn were passable to pedestrians 
and horse-riders, from the 9th of the Kalends of Decem- 
ber to the 7th of the Ides of January. A tempestuous 
year. Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, in Caisel, 1 
and he carried off the hostages of Mumhan. A great 
war between Gentiles and Maelsechlain, with whom 
were the Gall-GaeidheL 2 Occisio of Gorman, son of 
Lonan, Royal heir of Caisel, in Loch Ceann, Anno 
Domini 856. 3 The oratory of Lusca was burnt by 
Norsemen. Honn, Chieftain of the Dubh-Ghenti, was 
slain by Ruaidhrigh, 4 son of Mermen, 5 King of Britain. 
Sodomna, Bishop of Slane, is martyred by the Norse- 
men. Death of Niall, son of Gillan, after having been 
thirty years without food or drink. 

KaL A victory gained by Imhar and Amhlaibh over [857.] 
Cathal Finn, with the Gall-Gaeidhel, in the territories of 
Mumhan. Maenghal, Abbot of Fabhar, quievit. Madu- 
dan, son of Muiredhach, 6 King of Uladh, moritur. Three 
persons 7 were burnt at Taillten by lightning. Bran, son 
of Scanlan, King of Gabhran, [moritur]. 

KaL A great host, by which Mumhan was burnt in [858.] 
one day, was led by Maelsechlain, son of Maelruanaidh, 
with the men of Erinn, so that they inflicted a defeat 
on the men of Mumhan at Cam Lughdach, where 
Maelcr6in, son of Muiredhach, half-King of the Desi, 
was lost. 8 Maelsechlainn brought off the hostages of 
Mumhan from Comar-tri-nuisce to Inis Tarbhna, in the 
west of Erinn, and from Dun Cearmna to Arann-airther. 
Ceallach, son of Guaire, King of Laighen Desgabhair, i.e. 

Cambr., and Brut y Tywls., ad an. 

6 Of Muiredhach. TTluifVCejtt;ai5 
(of Muircertach), A. B. 

7 Three persons, cctfi, for 
A. caji, B. 

Lost, vacbcro, lit. " left," A. B. 



mopicup. THai-Dm pia Cepbaill ocup pia nlomap 
accfiic CCpa-o ripe -pop. [Cinel] piachach 50 all 
5aoiT>healiB teice Ctntin .1. .cccc. ap pe mile a Impi7>e. 

let Suaplec CCb CCchaiT>h bo quieuic. paol^up 
CCb Ruip cpe quieuir. Ri$ -oail mmce 6>peann 05 
Rai CCotxi mic bpic, um TD aelpeclam Hi "Gempa, 
ocup um per^na comafiba paTjfiai^, ocuf im Sucqirilec 
comqaba pinnein, a^ T>enani -pie ec caoincompmc 
nG|ienn, COTU-D driT) T>O ficro Ce|ibatl, Hi 
p|ii tec Cuinn, ocuf fio^aiT) TTlaol^udla mac 
.1. Tli tnuman, a -oitfi. TTlaol^uala, Hi TTluman, a 
Noiaman'Di'p occifUf eft; lapiT>ibuf. 

]ct. Sloicchei) Lai^en ec TDumhaTi ec Connacr, ocuy 
Tl. Weilt an -oeifseifiT; ifa pocta la maolfeclani, Ri 
'Cempa, con-oefiTi 05 TTlai^ "Ouma accom-pocuf CCiti-o 
TTlacha, co -pofibafic CCo-o mac "Mell, ocuf plann mac 
Conam^, ^an 'ouna-o anaiT)ci, cop, mapbfar; 7>aomi 
lap an T>unaiT>, ocup p.o meabaf* -pop CCeT 50 

]ct. 1npa-D 1DiT>e T)CCo'D .1. pmnlia, mac 
Caille, con ^alloiB. ^opmlaic m^en 'Donncha'oa, 
fusan ^aoiTieal iap nairpie 7>o hec. Cac "Opoma T>a 
maie la TDaolpeclain mac TTlaolpuanai'D, ap 
CCra Cliar. 

]ct. T)omnall mac eiphin, Rex picropum 
SloicceT* la CCot* mac "Nell, la Ri CCili, ec la plann 
mac Conainj, T>O m'opa'D TniTe. *0alac mac TTIaoil- 
paiTxe, CCb Cluana 1paipT>, quieuic. TTlaolpeclamn 
mac TTlaolpuanai'D, Ri Open-o uile, .11. |ct. "Oecembpip, 

1 Ui Cennsealaigh. Added as a 
gloss over the preceding name, in A. 

2 The Cinel. Interpolated by 
O'Flaherty in A., and copied in B. 

3 Their number ; i.e. the number of 
the Cinel Fiachach and the Gall- 
Gaeidhel, or Dane-Irish. 

Alpin. eipfii, A. B., for " El- 
phein," or " Eiphin." 

5 Obiit. Supplied by O'Flaherty, 
who has also added a marg. note, 
now nearly destroyed, signifying that 
Domhnall Mac Alpin's death is quoted 
by Ussher (Brit. Ecd Aiitiq., p. 719) 
from the Ann. Ult., under the year 

6 Tuesday. O'Flaherty adds the 
marg. note " 863, C. Litera Dom., 2. 

< '; # 
- .- 




Ui Cennsealaigh, 1 moritur. A victory by Cerbhall and A.D. 
Imhar, in the district of Aradh-tire, over [the Cinel 2 ] 
Fiachach, with the Gall-Gaeidhel of Leth Chuinn, viz., 
their number 3 was 6,400. 

Kal. Suaiiech, Abbot of Achadh-b6, quievit. Faelghus, [859.] 
Abbot of Ros-cre, quievit. A royal meeting of the nobles 
of Erinn assembled at Rath Aedha-mic-Bric including 
Maelsechlain, King of Temhair, and Fethgna, comarb 
of Patrick, and Suarlech, comarb of Finnen to estab- 
lish peace and concord among the men of Erinn ; at 
which Cerbhall, King of Osraighe, yielded allegiance to 
Leth Chuinn ; and Maelguala, son of Donngal (i.e. King 
of Mumhan), tendered his allegiance. Maelguala, King 
of Mumhan, was killed by the Norsemen with stones. 

Kal. An army of Laighen, and Mumhan, and Con- [860.] 
nacht, and the Ui Neill of the south, was led into the 
Fochla by Maelsechlain, King of Temhair, until he rested 
at Magh Dumha, near Ard-Macha; and Aedh, son of 
Niall, and Flann, son of Conaing, attacked the fort at 
night, so that they slew men in the middle of the fort ; 
and Aedh was defeated, and lost a great number. 

Kal. Devastation of Midhe by Aedh, i.e. Finnliath, C 861 -] 
son of Niall Caille, with Foreigners. Gormlaith, daughter 
of Donnchadh, Queen of the Gaeidhel, died after penance. 
The battle of Druim-da-mhaighe gained by Maelsech- 
lain, son of Maelruanaidh, over the Foreigners of Ath- 

KaL Domhnall Mac Alpin, 4 King of the Picts [obiit]. 5 [862.] 
An army led by Aedh, son of Niall, King of Ailech, and 
by Flann, son of Conaing, to plunder Midhe. Dalach, 
son of Maelraitte, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, quievit. Mael- 
sechlain, son of Maelruanaidh, King of all Erinn, died on 
the 2nd of the Kalends of December, on a Tuesday, 6 in 

Kal. Dec., id est 30 Nov., feria 3." 
The 30th of November fell on a 
Tuesday, in the year 863, which 

seems, therefore, to have been the 
year of Maelsechlain 's death. See 
Ogygia, pars III., p. 434. 

SHI m 

.111. pepia, anno pe^ni pui .XUL 7)epuncT:uf epr. Ruapcc 
mac bpom 111511 larup epr 6 115 "Nell. CCoi) pmnliar; 
mac "Meitl pegnape mcipir. 

let. Hfiaolpa-opaic mac PI an con, Gppop es a-obap 
CCbbaT) CCip-o maca, quietus. fifluipecan mac *0iap- 
ma-oa, Hi "Half ec CCipfrp bpe, a Nopman7>ip mt;ep- 
pecrup epr. "Oam el tl. LuaiT;iT>e, CCbb Coficai^e ec 
Lip moi^ T>O ^tun. Innyiat* Connachc ta CCof> mac "NelU 

Jet. Lofican mac Car;ail, Ri TniT>i, T>O 'oalla'D la CCo^ 
mac Neill, Tli 'Cemfia. Concupap, mac T)onnchaTa, 
teic Ui 17117)6, 7>o mucha'b m htnfciu oc Cluam 1fiai|i7) 
la hCCmlaoib Tli gall. HaoineT> mop, fie nCCoi) mac 
Meill ocuf fie "plann mac Conam^ pop, CCnpiDh mac 
nCCeTta co nUllT:aiB i T^ip. Conaille Cen.7). OD^GT) bp.1t:, 
6ppcop Cille -oafia, ei: penex .c.xui. annofium, qtneun:. 
bdf CepmuDa mic Caafinai%, caoifec Copca baifcinn, 

]ct. Ocbpf if T ^T n1 let. enaip, ec eclipfip lunae 
in eoDem menf e. Ceallac mac CCiblla, CCb Cille T>a|ia, 
er CCbb 1ae, T)OfimiuiT:. 'dsep.nac mac ^050^015, Hi 
Locha ^^^ ocu f ^ e1 ^ ^ bpe^, mopicup. "Co-os 
mac T)iapmaTa, Ri n. Cmnpiolaig, mcep-peccup efr; a 
ppojcpibup ftup. ^um Colmain mic T)unlain5e, Hi 
Pot:up7)a ape, 7>a damn pa'oepin. 

let. Ca^paome'5 pe nCCo'5 mac "Meill, ocup pe dnel 

1 Ruarc. O'F. adds the letters 
" R. L.,' 1 to signify that Ruarc was 
King of Leinster, and also the date 
" 861," which he considers the correct 
year according to the Four Mast., 
who record the slaying of Ruarc 
under the year 860=861. But the 
Ann. Ult. have it at 861=862. 

* Abbot-elect. crobaTx CCbbat* 
(adhbar Abbadh); lit. " materies Ab- 
batis." O'F. translates it "futurus 
Abbas," in a marg. note. 

King qf Nag. " Nazise in Lagenia 
Rex." Marg. note, O'F. 

4 Suffocated in water at. A. and 
B. corruptly read "T>O mctfibctt) "T 
tiuipq^i co." The text is corrected 
from the Ann. Ult. (863=864), which 
read "-DO muchcro in uipciu"("was 
suffocated in water"). The Book of 
Leinster, fol. 23 b., col. 2, has " a 
bcrou-D in htnpce;" "was drowned 
in water." 

5 In the same month, m ecroetn 
Die, A.; the word "mense" being 
written over "Die" by O'F. In 
L'Art de verif. lea Dates (torn. 1, p. 
68) an eclipse of the sun is stated to 



the 16th year of his reign. Buarc, 1 son of Bran, was slaili A.D. 
by the Ui Neill. Aedh Finnliath, son of Niall, begins to [862]] 

Kal. Maelpadraig, son of Finchu, Bishop and Abbot- [863.] 
elect 2 of Ard-Macha, quievit. Muirecan, son of Diarmaid, 
King of Nas 3 and Airther-Life, was slain by the Norse- 
men. Daniel Ua Luaithidhe, Abbot of Corcach and las- 
m6r, mortally wounded. Plundering of Connacht by 
Aedh, son of Niall. 

Kal. Lorcan, son of Cathal, King of Midhe, was blinded [864.] 
by Aedh, son of Niall, King of Temhair. Conchobhar, 
son of Donnchadh, half-King of Midhe, was suffocated 
in water at 4 Cluain-Iraird, by Amhlaibh, King of the 
Foreigners. A great victory gained by Aedh, son of 
Niall, and Flann, son of Conaing, over Anfidh, son of 
Aedh, with the Ulidians, in Tir Conaille-Cerd. Edged 
Brit, Bishop of Cill-dara, and an old man of 116 years, 
quievit. Death of Cennad, son of Catharnach, Chief of 
Corca-Baiscinn, by Gentiles. 

Kal. An eclipse of the sun on the 1st of January, and [865.] 
an eclipse of the moon in the same month. 5 Ceallach, 
son of Ailill, Abbot of Cill-dara, and Abbot of Hi, dor- 
mivit. 6 Tigernach, son of Fogartach, King of Loch 
Gabhar, and half-King of Bregh, moritur. Tadhg, son of 
Diarmaid, Bang of Ui Cennsealaigh, was slain by his 
brethren. Mortal wounding of Colman, son of Dunlang, 7 
King of Fotharta-tire, by his own children. 

Kal. A battle gained by Aedh, son of Niall, and the [866.] 

have occurred on the 1st of January, 
865, and an eclipse of the moon on 
the 15th of the same month. 

Dormivit. t)OfiTmefic, for Tjofi- 
TTnefiunt (dormierunt), A. B. From 
this it would seem that Ceallach, 
Abbot of Cill-dara, was considered 
by the transcribers of A. and B. to 
be a different person from the Abbot 

of Hi; but in the Ann. Ult. (864) 
Ceallach is said to have been Abbot 
of both places, and to have died in 
Pictland. See Reeves's Adamnan, 
pp. 278, 390. 

7 Of Dunlang. T)iinlcn5e, A. B. ; 
seemingly a mistake for ""Oun- 


CROMicum scorcmum. 

6oshain pop jalloiB oc loch peabail, 50 TXUCCCTD T>a 
picic T>es ceann THUD" an aon baile. Loch Lebmn T>O 
POT) appuil 50 crapla i paipt;it5 cpo amait psumu mna 

]ct. TTlaelT)Uin mac CCo-oa, Hi CCib^, m clepicaru 
mopicup. Rabaprac pm-oglaippi, Oppcop, quieuic. 
Conalt, Bppcop Citte Sape, quieuic. Copmac h. 
Liadin, Gppcop, quietus. 

|cl. Ceatlach [mac] Cumafccai|, CCb pobaip [quie- 
uic]. Connmac CCb Ctuana muc "Moif, quieuiT: ; "DO 
dnel Ochach ^atl T>6. "Daniel CCb ^Imne -oa tocha, 
Cannan mac T)dlui, CCb "Daimtia^, qtneuir. 
oiff CCibqae, fcpiba, quieuic. Ca^ Cilte h. 
]\e nCCoi* pnnbac mac "Nell, Hi 'Geamp.ach, 
ocuf fie Concupap, mac "CaiT)^ Hi Connachr; .1. um. !T>. 
.un.bifi, oc Citl h. nT)ai5|ie, pop. CCiB Well Opeg ocuf 
pop Lcnpbb, ocup pop plua^ mop T>O galloiB (.1. rpi ceT) 
no ni ap uille ; coi^ mile -DO plann mac Conamg, ocup 
den mill oCCe'D pmnliar), m quo bello ceciT>epunT; 
plann mac Conaing, Hi bpe| uile, ec 'Diapmai'o mac 
6iT)ippceli, Hi Loca ^abap, ec ^aill iomf>a 7)0 mapba^ 
ann ; ocup "Parana mac THaeiliT)uin, Ui5T)omna an 
[pjoclai T>O pocaip a pppi^um an ca^a. Gpupno 
aquae "oe monce Cualann, cum pipcicubp arpip. 

Reccabpa mac TDupcha'Da, CCb Copcaie, 

JCI. TTlapran T>O "Oaprpaipb "Daimmnpi, CCb Cluana 
muc "Moip ocup "Daimmnpi, quieuir. "Dunlung mac 
il, Hi -oebu Laigen, mopicup. plann mac 

1 All round its edge. The word 
ingnat), "wonder," is written in the 
marg. of A., in the orig. hand, to 
signify that this event forms one of 
the " Wonders of Erin," for a list of 
which see Todd's ed. of Irish Nennius, 
p. 193, sg. 

s Of Finnglass. Purosoipp (an 
), A. B. 

* Three hundred or more; i.e. of 
Foreigners. O'Flaherty has added a 
note, now illegible, in the marg., in A. 

4 Of strange water, ignocae aquae 
(ignotae aquae). The orig. hand has 
added the word insnat), "wonder." 
in the marg. in A. The prodigy is 
not included in the ancient list of the 
"Wonders of Erin," for which sea 



Cinel Eoghain, over the Foreigners, at Loch Febhail; 
and twelve score of their heads were brought to one 
place. Loch Lebhinn was changed into blood, so that it 
became clots of gore, like the lights of animals, all round 
its edge. 1 

KaL Maelduin, son of Aedh, King of Ailech, in cleri- 
catu moritur. Robhartach of Finnglass, 2 Bishop, quievit. 
Conall, Bishop of Cill-Scire, quievit. Connac Ua Liathain, 
Bishop, quievit. 

Kal. Ceallach, [son] of Cumasgach, Abbot of Fobhar, 
[quievit]. Connmach, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 
He was of the Cinel-Echach-Gall. Daniel, Abbot of 
Glenn -da-locha, quievit. Cannan, son of Dalach, Abbot 
of Daimhliag, quievit. Fergus of Ros-Ailithre, Scribe, 
quievit. The battle of Cill-Ui-nDaighre gained by Aedh 
Finnliath, son of Niall, King of Temhair, and by Con- 
chobhar, son of Tadhg, King of Connacht, on the 8th of 
the Ides of September, at Cill-Ui-nDaighre, over the Ui 
Neill of Bregh and the Lagenians, and over a great host 
of Foreigners, (viz., 300 or more : 3 Flann, son of Conaing, 
had 5,000 men, and Aedh Finnliath, 1,000) ; in which 
battle fell Flann, son of Conaing, King of all Bregh, and 
Diarmaid, son of Edirscel, King of Loch-Gabhar ; and a 
great many Foreigners were slain there; and Fachtna, 
son of Maelduin, Royal heir of the [F]ochla, fell in the 
heat of the battle. An eruption of strange water 4 from 
Sliabh Cualann, with little black fishes. Rechtabhra, 
son of Murchadh, Abbot of Corcach, quievit. 

KaL Martan, of the Dartraighe of Daimhinis, Abbot 
of Cluain-muc-Nois and Daimhinis, quievit. Dunlaing, 
son of Muiredhach, King of Laighen, 5 moritur. Flann, 

Todd's ed. of the Irish Nennius, p. 
193, sq. 

8 King of Laighen. jxi -oebu Lcti- 
ghen (Ri debu Laighen), A. B. The 
word t>ebu seems wrongly inserted. 
Dunlaing is called King of Laighen 

in the Ann. Four Mast. (867) ; but, 
instead of "son of Muiredhach," he 
is described as "son of Murchadh," 
in the catalogue of the Kings of 
Leinster preserved in the Book of 
Leiwter, fol. 20, sq. 








Pepcaip, Oeconomup CCijvo TTlaca, mopicup. ITlael- 
ciapam mac Remain fii ma aipep h>penn, pennift 
pola gall, lUguUrcup. Op^ain CCipT> 1TI acha o CCmlaoiB, 
gup loipcc6T> cona T>ep7;ai5it!> ; x. C6T> en>ip bpaiT> ec 
mapba-o, ocup pUnsc mop. apctiena. "Oonnacan mac 
CeT>pai>a, Hi tl. Cm-opiolais, lu^ulacup eps -oolope a 
pocio puo. 

jet. Suaiplec 1rn>eiT>nen, Gpfcop ocup CCb Ctuana 
1paip-D, pebpofUf conuf hibepmae, quieuic. 1np,aT> 
Laigen la CCo-5 pnnliac mac Neill o CC Cbar 50 
Tflaelfechlainn mac "Melt, tei'c Hi T>eif5ipc 
epc "oolo 6 pulp "Dubgall. "Oalac, 
T>UX dnel Conaill, a ^ence pua 
TTI aortal Sppcop Cille -oapa, quieuir. 
Catalan mac In''DUis, lei^ Hi Ula-o, iugu- 
T>olope a conpibo CCoT)a. CCmlaib ocup 1map 
T>O roiccecn apipi T)O CCc Clia^ a CClbain T>it5 ce^oiB 
long, ocup cpeac mop T>aine .1. 7)0 Saxanaib ocup T>O 
bpeacnachaiB T)O cabaipr; leo T>ocum hOpmn. Oibll 
mac "Dunlaing, Hi Laigen a Nopmairoip mreppeccup 
epc. CCilill, 6ppcop ocup CCb pobaip, quieuiu. 

]ct. T&nia Ppincepp "Daimbag ec Gpipcopup, Ixxxum . 
anno aecarip pui pmuir. Cennpaola-5 .tl. imocTshui- 
gepn, Hi Caipil, excenpo -oolope quieuir. "Peap-oomnac 
1.-DO TnulDopnaiB, Ppuncepp Cluana muc "Moip, quieuic. 
CCp-o^al, Hex bpicannopum 8poxa CluaiT>e, Te conpilio 


1 (Econamus. Oquornmup (Equo- 
nimus), A. B. 

Indeidhnen. This church was in 
Meath, near Slane. The name seems 
compounded of the art. "IITO" (ind), 
"the," and "even en" (eidhnen), 
which would mean a small, ivy- 
covered building ; lit. " the little 
ivy." The place has not been iden- 
tified. St. Molaga's church, now 
Temple-Molaga, in the parish of 
Temple-Molaga, barony of Condons 
and Clongibbons, and co. of Cork, is 

called the "Eidhnen" of Molaga, in 
the Book ofLismore, fol. 182, b. Dr. 
O'Conor translates Indeidhnen "sa- 
piens;" (Ann. Ult., ad an. 869). 

3 Aedh; i.e. Aedh Finnliath, King 
of Ireland. 

4 Oilill. O'Flaherty adds the note 
" A. 880, ut apud me, ' de Regibus 
Lageniae.' A. 880, Domnaldus suc- 
cessor coepit, ut infra." There is no 
chapter "de Regibus Lagenias" in 
his published works, and O'F. must 
therefore have referred to the Ogygia 



son of Fercar, CEconomus 1 of Ard-Macha, moritur. Mael- A.D. 
ciarain, son of Ronan, royal champion of the east of 
Erinn, hero-plunderer of the Foreigners, murdered. 
Devastation of Ard-Macha by Amhlaibh, so that it 
was burnt, with its oratories. The captives and slain 
amounted to 1,000; and there was a great destruction 
besides. Donnacan, son of Cedfaidh, King of Ui Cenn- 
sealaigh, was treacherously slain by his companion. 

Kal. Suairlech of Indeidhnen, 2 Bishop and Abbot of [870.] 
Cluain-Iraird, the most religious of all Hibernia, quievit. 
The plundering of Laighen, from Ath-cliath to Gabhran, 
by Aedh Finnliath, son of Niall. Maelsechlainn, son of 
Niall, half- King of South Bregh, was treacherously slain 
by Fulf, a Dubh-gall. Dalach, son of Muircertach, Chief- 
tain of Cinel Conaill, slain by his own people. Maenghal, 
Bishop of Cill-dara, quievit. 

Kal. Cathalan, son of Indrechtach, half-King of [871.] 
Uladh, was treacherously murdered at the instigation of 
Aedh. 3 Amhlaibh and Imhar came again to Ath-cliath 
from Alba, with 200 ships ; and a great band of men, viz., 
of Saxons and Britons, was brought by them to Erinn. 
Oilill, 4 son of Dunlaing, King of Laighen, was slain by 
Norsemen. Ailill, Bishop and Abbot of Fobhar, quievit. 

Kal. Gnia, Abbot of Daimhliag, and a Bishop, in the [872.] 
88th year of his age, finivit. Cennfaeladh Ua Moch- 
tighern, King of Caisel, after long suffering, quievit. 
Feardomnach, i.e. of the Mughdorna, Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. Ardgal, 5 King of the Britons of 
Srath Cluaidhe, slain at the instigation of Constantine, 6 

Christiana, which he is believed to 
have written, but which is not now 
known to exist. Oilill's death seems 
misplaced above, as in the List of 
Kings of Leinster, preserved in the 
Book of Leinster, he is said to 
have reigned 8 years, and to have 
been the third in succession after 

Muiredhach, whose obit ia entered 
under the year 869, supra ; the two 
intervening sovereigns having en- 
joyed but brief reigns. 

6 Ardgal "RexBritonnm." Marg. 
note, O'F. 

6 Constantine. " Albse Rex, A. 
876, infra." Marg. note, O'F. 
M 2 


CRomcum scotxmurn. 

Conpranmn mic dnaotia, occipup. YTlaoltuile .R. 
"Ounan, Oppcop Tauten, quieum CCpe an maolruib pi 
cue monoip ccrc eirip pepaiE 'Geabca ocup ^ailen^a, 
ocup Pp Cut 15 copnaifi Tauten, ocup po meabafc 
-pop. 5ailensaiB ocup pop Ppa Cul ocup po mapbai-o 
an ap pop pairce an baile; ocup Conrop an ccrca amm 
an mai-o a rxucca-o opm atle. TTluspon mac TTlaeil- 
corai^, leic Ri Connachr, mopirup. 

]ct. Uacmapan mac bpocam, Hi h. Ppacpac CCiT>ne, 
quietus. 1n*iop, Hi "NopmamDopum ronup hibepmae, 
quieuic. 1npat> Connachr la *OunchaT> Hi Caipit, ocup 
la Cepbatl 50 nOppaipB. 1npai> TTlumhan o salloiB 
CCua Cbcrc. 

]ct. CCoTi mac pian^upa, Ppmcepp ec eppcop Roip 
Comam, quieuic. pe^na Gpipcopup, hepep pcrcpaic, 
ocup capur ronup pebpomp tlibepmae, quieuir;. 
Sloicce-b la CCo-o mac "Nell co taigmb, cop 
Ceall CCupaille, ocup apaile cealla. 

]ct. Tnaon^al canaipi Cluana mtic "Moip, 
Hobaprac mac TTlic na Cep-oa, eppcop Cille -oapa, 

]ct. Conpsandn mac dnao'oa, Tlex picropum, mopi- 
cup. Con^alac mac pnnac-oa, Ri CCip^iall, mopirup. 
Coipppe mac "Diapma'oa, Ri Tl. Cmnpiolai^, a ppacpibup 
puip occipup. "Oonngal Gppcop Copcai^e pubira mopre 
[pepnr]. Recrappa mac Pnnbpam, Ri na nT)eipi, 
quieuir. 6o^an "Copaip (-Da 1b Cpimamn T>O), CCb 
Cluana muc Moip, 

1 Coinder-an-catha. "cowoyi an 
catct," A. The first word seems cor- 
rupt. "Coinder,'' which would mean 
"a meeting," appears to be the nearest 
approximation to its correct form. 

2 King of Caisel. O'F. adds the 
letters "E. M.," to signify that 
"King of Caisel" means "King of 

8 Bishop. O'F. adds the marg. note 

" Ardm. Prid. Nonas Octobris obiit;" 
signifying that Fethgna was Bishop 
of Armagh, and died on the 6th of 
October. The Martyrology of Done- 
gal has Fethgna's commemoration at 
the 12th of February. 

* Kal. The date (876) has been 
supplied by O'F. 

8 Constantine. Cupccmnn (Cu- 
stantin), A. B. O'F. adds the marg. 



son of Oinaedh. Maeltuile Ua Dunan, Bishop of Tulen, 
quievit. It was this Maeltuile who gave the incitement 
to battle between the men of Teabhtha, and the Gailenga 
and Feara-Cul, defending Tulen, and the Gailenga and 
Feara-Cul were defeated, and slaughtered on the green 
of the town ; and Coinder-an-catha 1 is the name of the 
spot where the battle was fought, from that time to this. 
Mughron, son of Maelcothaigh, half-King of Connacht, 

Kal. Uathmaran, son of Brocan, King of Ui Fiach- 
rach-Aidhne, quievit. Imhar, King of the Norsemen 
of all Hibernia, quievit. Plundering of Connacht by 
Dunchadh, King of Caisel, 2 and by Cerbhall, with the 
Osraighe. Plundering of Mumhan by the Foreigners of 

Kal. Aedh, son of Fiangus, Abbot and Bishop of 
Ros-Comain, quievit. Fethgna, Bishop, 3 heir of Patrick, 
and head of all the religion of Hibernia, quievit. An 
army was led by Aedh, son of Niall, to Leinster, and Gill 
Ausaille and other churches were plundered. 

Kal. Maenghal, tsmist- Abbot of Ciuain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. Robhartach, son of Mac-na-Cerda, Bishop of 
Cill-dara, quievit. 

Kal. 4 Constantine, 5 son of Cinaedh, King of the Picts, 
moritur. Congalach, son of Finnachda, King of Air- 
ghiall, moritur. Cairpre, son of Diarmaid, King of Ui 
Cennsealaigh, slain by his brothers. Donnghal, 6 Bishop 
of Corcach, [died] suddenly. Rechtabhra, son of Finn- 
bran, King of the Deisi, quievit. Eoghan Tobair 7 (who 
was of the Ui Crimthainn), Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 







note "R[ex] Pictorum. Usser, ex 
Ult. Annal.," implying that Ussher, 
following the Ann. Ult, refers the 
death of Constantine to the year 

Donnghal. The Ann. Ult and 
Four Mast have "Domhnall." 

i Eoghan Tobair; i.e. "Eoghan, of 
the Well." 


cuomctim scotxmum. 

}ct. maolsuile .T). Cuana, CCb Cluana muc tJoip, 
quieuic : 7>o lui^mB Connachc 7>6 .1. -DO Speccpaipb 
CCpT>a. Rum-Dili mac niuipminn, Rex bpirannopum, 
-DO toisechr; cum Gpenn, pop ceirhe-b pe T)up 
Car oc Loc Cuan eiT>ip pnn encit5 ocup "Ouib 
m quo CClbann T>UX na nT)uib ^enr;^, cecnjiT:. 

]ct. Pfiof pota -DO filao 50 ppt 11 ^ na 
ocuf pola "pofif na maigib a cCiannacT)a, oc "Duma na 
n"0eifi 50 funp.aTach. tlencup magnuf ec -pul^ojv 
fobf .1. nom T> Scjim Column Cille 
a mmna ayichena ["DO cabain.c] TX) cum hGfimn 
pop. ceiche'5 pia ngallaiB. ptann mac TDaoilectam 
yie^nape mcipic. 

]ct. CCo-D pmnbac mac Nell Caille, Ri "Cemp-ac, 
in .xii. ]ct. "Oecembpif, .ui a . pepia, a nT)p.uim map- 
glamn hi epic Conaille, T>opmiuiT:. TTlaelcoba mac 
Cpunnmael, Ppmcepp CCip-o TTTIaca, -DO epgabail, [-00 
], ocup an pepleipnn TTlochca. 

]ct. pepaDac mac Copmaic, CCb 1ae, quieuic. 
TTIaelciapdin mac Conamg, Ri T^eab^ae, m clepicacu 
quieuic. TDomnall mac Tnuipigen hi Ri|e 
Inpa-o TTli-De la piopa TTluman 50 Loch nCCm-ninn 
50 Loc Senroile. Inpaft Lai^en la plann mac TTlaeilec- 
lamn, ocup a nait;ipi -oo cabaipc lep. 

]ct. Cpun-omaol Cluana Cam, Gpipcopup, quieuic. 
t)uipr;ec Cianam -DO bpipio'D T>O galloiB, ocup a Ian 
DO maoimb T>O bpeic app, ec popcea bapiT> mac 
1maip, cenn Mopman-Dip T>O hec cpe miopbal t)e ocup 

}ct. 8loicche-o la plann mac TTlaoileclamn co 

1 Murminn; i.e. Mervyn. 

KaL O'F. adds the year 878 in 
the marg. See next note. 

8 An eclipse of the $un. This eclipse 
occurred on the 5th of October, 878, 

according to UArt de ver. les Dates. 
The computation of this Chronicle is, 
therefore, in accord with the true 
chronology at this period. 

4 Begins to reign. This should ap- 



KaL Maeltuile Ua Guana, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. He was of the Luighne of Connacht, viz., of 
the Grectraighe-Arda. Ruaidhri, son of Murminn, 1 King 
of the Britons, came to Erinn, fleeing from the Dubh- 
Gaill. A battle at Loch Cuan, between Fair-Gentiles 
and Black-Gentiles, in which Albann, Chief of the Black- 
Gentiles, fell. 

Kal. 2 It rained a shower of blood, which was found 
in lumps of gore and blood on the plains in Ciannachta, 
at Dumha-na-nDeisi especially. Great wind and light- 
ning. An eclipse of the sun, 3 viz., a dark noon. The 
shrine of Colum Cille, and all his reliquaries, [were 
brought] to Erinn, to escape the Foreigners. Flann, son 
of Maelechlain, begins to reign. 4 

Kal. 5 Aedh Finnliath, son of Niall Caille, King of 
Temhair, on the 12th of the Kalends of December, on the 
6th day of the week, at Druim-inasglainn, in the terri- 
tory of Conaille, dormivit. Maelcobha, son of Crunnmael, 
Abbot of Ard-Macha, and Mochta, the Lector, were 
captured [by the Foreigners]. 

Kal. Feradhach, son of Cormac, Abbot of Hi, quievit. 
Maelciarain, son of Conaing, King of Teabhtha, in clericatu 
quievit. Domhnall, son of Muirigen, in the Kingship of 
Laighen. The plundering of Midhe by the men of 
Mumhan, as far as Loch Ainninn and Loch Semhdile. 
Plundering of Laighen by Flann, son of Maelechlainn ; 
and he carried off their hostages with him. 

KaL Crunnmael of Cluain-Cain, a Bishop, quievit. 
The oratory of Cianan was broken into by Foreigners, 
and its full of property taken out of it ; and afterwards 
Band, son of Imhar, Chief of the Norsemen, died through 
the miracle of God and Cianan. 

Kal. A hosting by Flann, son of Maelechlainn, with 

pear under the next entry, which 
records the death of Flann's prede- 
cessor, Aedh Finnliath. 

Kal The correct year is 879, 
according to O'F. See Ogygia, Pro- 
loquium, p. [42]. 











ec co naoiT>eab15 ifa poclae, con'oepi'D a 
TT)ai5 eiT>in. -oi glaif, con. mfiefnun. CCn/o TTlacha, ocuf 
fio gap 5ialla Conailt ocuf Oo^ain T>on runup fin. 
Car ei-oifi Conarlle muifTCemne ocuf tUltru, -oil arcon.- 
caip, CCnpii) mac CCo-ba, Hi Ula-o, ec Conatl mac 
TVlaeili7)Uin, Ri Cot5a, ec alu. Concupan. mac 
Hi reofia Connachr, uiT:am femlem -piriiuiT:. 
TTlumhan la plann mac TTlaoileclainn, ec a 
[T>O caBaijic] teif . 

]ct. maol^uan Gpfcop lufca, quieuir. 
mac "Domnaitt, Hi Cineoil Lao^aifie, 
mic CCufile o On|i mac 61115111, ocuf 6 
TTlaoiteclainn. Gocacan mac CCo'Da, lei Ri "Ula-o, 
lugulacuf eft; 6 maccoiB CCinp^ mic CCoT)ha. Carafac 
mac Raba^t:ai|, p^mcepf ocuf Gpi-pcopuf CCiyiT) TYlaca, 

]ct. *0om nail mac TTltMnisen, Ri Lai^en, m 
a focnf f uif. Sjanlan Bpfcop Cille T)a|ia, 

]ct. fnaolpa-oiiaic .1. T)ib THaine .1. 001:15 
Lm5ai5, CCb Cluana muc "Moif, quieuic. TTlael[pa'D|iaic] 
mac TDaelcuafiafvoa, Ri CCi 1151 all -DO 511 in o [a] 
mumten.. Oclipfif folif, en uifae funn fcellae m 
coelo. Cofimac, Gpfcop T)aimlia5, eccren-po "oolojie 
quieum. CCn mac oc Cpxnb taiffie TDO labjia-o a ccinn 
oa mif ia|i na sememam. TTIui^e'Dac mac bpam, Ri 
Lai^en, quieuir. 

]ct. 61 pennon mac CCo-oa lee Ri tHa-o o heioifi mac 

1 Three divisions. The characters 
"R. C.," signifying Ri Connachc 
(King of Connacht), have been 
written in the marg. of A. by the 
orig. hand. The "three divisions" 
of Connacht meant, therefore, the 
entire province. 

Kal O'F. considers 883 to be 
the correct year. 

1 Eirgni. See note \ p. 170. 

4 Kal. The proper date is 884, 
according to O'F. 

6 From Tech - inghine - Lingaigh. 
oocig .T. tigmf;, A. B., which is ap- 
parently corrupt. It should pro- 
bably be "o cig mghme Lingaig," 
which would signify " from the house 
of Lingach's daughter." The clause 
in parenthesis is added as a gloss in 
A. O'F. considers the correct year 
to be 885. 

6 After his birth. The word in 511 at) 
(ingnadh), "wonder," is written in 
the marg. in A., in the orig. hand. 



the Foreigners and Gaeidhel, into the Fochla, until he 
rested at Magh-edir-di-glais, and he ravaged Ard-Macha, 
and took the hostages of Tir Conaill and Tir Eoghain 
on that expedition. A battle between the Conaille 
Muirthemne and the Ultonians, in which Anfidh, son of 
Aedh, King of Uladh, and Conall, son of Maelduin, King 
of Cobha, and others, were slain. Conchobhar, son of 
Tadhg, King of the three divisions 1 of Connacht, ended an 
aged life. The plundering of Mumhan by Flann, son of 
Maelechlainn ; and its hostages [were taken] by him. 

Kal. 2 Maelruan, Bishop of Lusca, quievit. Cumasgach, 
son of Domhnall, King of Cinel Laeghaire, moritur. The 
son of Ausli was slain by Otir, son of Eirgni, 3 and by 
Muirgel, daughter of Maelechlainn. Eochacan, son of 
Aedh, half-King of Uladh, was slain by the sons of 
Anfidh, son of Aedh. Cathasach, son of Rabhartach, 
Abbot and Bishop of Ard-Macha, quievit. 

Kal. 4 Domhnall, son of Muirigen, King of Laighen, 
jugulatus est a sociis suis. Sganlan, Bishop of Cill-dara, 

Kal. Maelpadraic (i.e. of the Ui-Maine, i.e. from Tech- 
inghine-Lingaigh 5 ), Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 
Mael[padraic], son of Maelcuararda, King of Airghiall, 
mortally wounded by [his own] people. An eclipse of 
the sun, and stars were seen in the heavens. Connac, 
Bishop of Daimhliag, after long suffering, quievit. A 
boy spoke at Craebh Laisre before the end of two 
months after his birth. 6 Muiredhach, 7 son of Bran, King 
of Laighen, quievit. 

Kal. Eiremhon, 8 son of Aedh, half-King of Uladh, 

The prodigy is included in the ancient 
list of the "Wonders of Erinn." See 
Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 208. 

i Muiredhach. " Qui A. 872 Reg- 
num abdicavit." Marg. note, O'F. 

8 Eiremhon. O'F. adds the marg. 
note " 886, Ult. ; 88j rectius ut apud 

D. A." The entry occurs in the Ann. 
Ult at the year 885=886, and in the 
Annals of the Four Mast, under the 
year 885, which O'F. thinks should 
be 888, the chronology of the Four 
Mast, being three years antedated at 
this period. 









occiyuv 1 . iacna mac CCmpi-fc, Ri UUro, a 
[occiftif efc]. On^ain Cilte T>an.a 6 encib ; 
ceifie pcic 7>ecc T>O bfieic T>O "oaoiniB efre, im an 
fecnab .1. Suibne [mac] "Ouifroabaiiaenn. 

]ct. TYlaotmtMfie an pile eolac gaoi-cel, quietus. 
1nr ailiifi guf m TJtnlles -DO n.aT>a7>h T)O mm T>O 
nachcam -DO cum Gijimn co Cam T)omnai ocuf 
pojicettaib maiciB. TTlaolTitiain CCb *0ifinr Thatima-oa 
ocuf Cille CCice-o, er 'Oge 'Celle, quieuir. Cu cen 
macain., CCb 1mb lobaifi, quieuir. Ctooan mac 
Rec-oa^a, CCb Hoiff cfie, qtneuir. CC|i gall tuimni 
la Connacroit5. 

]ct. TTlaolcoba, CCb CCifvo TTlaca, quietus. T)onn- 
cha-oh mac T)uibT)abaifienn, Ri Caipl, quietuc. Cac- 
p.aome'D -pop. plann mac TTlaoileclamn |ie galloib 
CCcha Clia^, 7>u ar^:o|icai|i CCo-5 mac Concupai|i, Ri 
Connachc, er Le^up mac Cyiuin-oen, eppcop Cille 
oapa, e-c T)onnchat> mac 1TlaoiliT)uin, Pyimcepf Cille 
oelga, er alu muln. Sne^iuf fapienf T)ipfir T)ia|i- 
ma-oa, aiT)i Connriaic mic Cuilennam, quieuir. Ceyiball 
mac "Ounlamse, Ri Of^ui'oe, -pubira mofire [pepur;]. 
8icpfii mac Imaip., Ri "Mop,manT)if, a pfiar:|ie puo pen. 
oolum occifUf efr. Claoclo'5 bena la hogo 6-jienn. 

let. 8luaicc67> la T)omnall mac CCo-oa, ec la cuaif- 
cejic Oyienn ec co^aHc-itS, co htub [Weill] an 7>eifcein.T;. 
Oenac "Caillcen cen ai^e. "OuBlacrna mac 1Dael|ualai 
Caipl. 'Cua'Dcaji 6pfcop Cluana muc 

1 largni. This is probably the 
same name which is written " lercne" 
at the year 852, and " Eirgni" under 
the year 882, supra. 

8 Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 887. 

With. Suf, A. Sdf, B. 

* Abbot. CCb, A. Omitted in B. 
8 Kal. O'F. considers this to be 

the year 888. 

Son of Dunlniny. TYlac "Oun- 

Utinge, A. B. The name is written 
"Dunghal" in the Ann. Ult. and 
Four Mast., with which agrees the 
ancient list of the Kings of Osraighe, 
or Ossory, preserved in the Book of 
Leinster, toil. 20, sq. 

Sichfrith. O'Flaherty adds the 
marg. note "Godfredus rectius a 
fratrelvarocaesus: War[aeus],etCod. 


slain by Eloir, son of largni. 1 Fiachna, son of Anfidh, A.D. 
King of Uladh, [was slain] by his own people. Plundering [gge.] 
of Cill-dara by Gentiles. Fourteen score men were taken 
out of it, together with the vice-Abbot, viz., Suibhne, 
[son] of Dubhdabhairenn. 

Kal. 2 Maelmuire, the learned poet of the Gaeidhel, [887.] 
quievit. The Pilgrim, with 3 the leaf which was given 
from Heaven, came to Erinn, with the Cain Domnaigh, 
and good precepts. Maelruain, Abbot of Disert-Diarmada 
and Cill-Aichedh, and Teach-Telle, quievit. Cu-cen- 
mathair, Abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, quievit. Aedhan, son 
of Rechtaidh, Abbot 4 of Ros-cre, quievit. A slaughter of 
the Foreigners of Luimnech by the Connachtmen. 

Kal. 5 Maelcobha, Abbot of Ard-Macha, quievit. [888.] 
Donnchadh, son of Dubhdabhairenn, King of Caisel, 
quievit. A battle-breach gained over Flann, son of 
Maelechlainn, by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, in which 
were slain Aedh, son of Conchobhar, King of Connacht, 
and Lergus, son of Crunden, Bishop of Cill-dara, and 
Donnchadh, son of Maelduin, Abbot of Cill-delga, and 
many others. Snedgius, wise man of Disert-Diarmada, 
tutor of Cormac Mac Cuilennain, quievit. Cerbhall, son 
of Dunlaing, 6 King of Osraighe, died suddenly. Sichfrith, 7 
son of Imhar, King of the Norsemen, was treacherously 
slain by his own brother. Change of cutting the hair 8 
adopted by the virgins of Erinn. 

Kal. A hosting by Domhnall, son of Aedh, and the [889.] 
men of the north of Erinn, and with Foreigners, to the 
Ui [Neill] of the South. The fair of Taillten not cele- 
brated. 9 Dubhlachtna, son of Maelguala, in the Kingship 
of CaiseL Tuadhcar, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 

8 Cutting the hair. This entry is 
not found in any other chronicle, and 
the phraseology is so ambiguous as 
to leave it uncertain whether the 
" change" consisted in cutting off the 
hair of nuns, or abandoning the prac- 

tice of cutting it. It is probable, how- 
ever, that the commencement of the 
practice is implied. See Introduction. 
9 Not celebrated, cen cnge ; lit. 
" without celebration." " Taltenii 
ludi intermissi." Marg. note, O'F. 



cuotneum scotxmurn. 

Coelum ajvoefie uipum efc m nocce hi |Ct. 
TTlaolo-Dan., 6pfcop Cluana muc Noif, quie- 

jet. ptann mac maoibmnn, CCb 1ae, quieuic. Con.- 
mac, pnincepp obain., ocup canaifi CCbba-o Cluana 
TTIUC "Hoif, quieuir. Suibne mac TTIaoiluma, ancojiira 
Cluana muc "Moif, quietus Ofi^am Cilte -oafia ev 
Ctuana Ifiaijvo T>O ^ennB. THaolpabaill mac Clefiij;, 
Ri CCi'&ne, quieuic. CConach 'Caillren TO ai^e la plarm 
mac TTlaoileclainn. CCfi ^all la huib CCmalccaiTt cop 
croficaifi eiaip mac baifii'O ann. 

]ct. TiriaolbiT.i5T)e na ^amnai-oe, o ^abap .1. Ceall 
Ula, 7)pe|iaiB tlmaill -DO, CCb Cluana muc 
quieuic. Uen^Uf ma^nuf a mi TTla|iT:a, co|i 
po'5baiT, ec co fiug na T)etti;ai5e af a 
"dsefinan mac 8ellachdin, Ri Ofieppne, quieuic. 

]ct. TTlocra "oalra "Pet^na Opfcoip CCiin) TTlacha, 
quieuic. Cumufc cenppp a nCCfiT) TTlaca ecip, Cinel 
ocuf tlllcoiti, DU arxon-chaip. fochaiT>e .1. eiT)ip, 
mac Laigne ocuf plairbeyicac mac TTluficha'&a, 
con. fcan, TYl aolbfiig'De. Riap. YTlaolbn.i5De ian.fin, ocup 
enig paT>paicc o cui^e-cit) he-fiem), la gabail a nainn.e, 
cfiicha vect ccumal ec cerpan. hi cpocaib o UllcoiB, 
cenmo^aTt cealla ocuf manchu. Riaccdn mac 6cr;i5en.n, 
Ri .11. cdnnfiolaij, mopicuii. becc mac Gjimain, Ri 
UlaT>, occifUf efr la CCireiT). 

]ct. LachT:nan mac [TTlaeil]cia|iain, Ri "Ceabca, 

1 The Heavent. Cfcm, A. B. 

8 Kal. OT. has prefixed the date 

8 Suibhne. O'Flaherty adds a marg. 
reference to Ussher, for whose obser- 
vations regarding Suibhne, see Brit. 
Eccles. Antiq. Dublin, 1639, p. 732. 
The name is written Swifneh in the 
Anglo-Saxon Chron., which has his 
obit at the year 891. 

4 From the Provincials of Erinn. 
igeTMb &fienn. The Four Mast. 
(889) have "6 coiccecro Gfiecmn 
.1. 6 coiccecro UUro," "from the 
fifth of Erinn, viz., from the fifth 
(Province) of Uladh," which seems 
more correct. The same Annals add 
that a similar reparation was exacted 
from the Cinel Eoghain. 

8 Cumhals. A " Cumhal" meant 



Kal. The Heavens 1 appeared to be on fire at night on 
the Kalends of January. Maelodhar, Bishop of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. 

Kal. 2 Flann, son of Maelduin, Abbot of Hi, quievit. 
Cormac, Abbot of Fobhar, and tanist- Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. Suibhne, 3 son of Maeluma, anchorite 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Plundering of Cill-dara 
and Cluain-Iraird, by Gentiles. Maelfabhaill, son of 
Clerech, King of Aidhne, quievit. The fair of Taillten 
was celebrated by Flann, son of Maelechlainn. A 
slaughter of the Foreigners by the Ui Amhalgaidh, in 
which Elair, son of Barid, was slain. 

Kal. Maelbrighde-na-gamhnaidhe, from Gabhar, i.e. 
Cill-Ula, who was of the men of Umhall, Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. Great wind in the month of March, 
which prostrated trees, and bore off the oratories from 
their sites. Tighernan, son of Sellachan, King of Breifne, 

Kal. Mochta, foster-son of Fethgna Bishop of Ard- 
Macha, quievit. The contention of Whitsuntide at Ard- 
Macha, between the Cinel Eoghain and the Ultonians 
(i.e. between Aideid, son of Laighne, and Flaithbhertach, 
son of Murchadh), in which many were slain, but Mael- 
brighde separated them. The award of Maelbrighde 
afterwards, and the satisfaction for Patrick's honour 
from the Provincials of Erinn, 4 besides receiving their 
hostages, was thirty times seven cumhals, 5 and four of 
the Ultonians to be hanged, besides churches and gifts. 
Riagan, son of Echtighern, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 
moritur. Becc, son of Erman, King of Uladh, was slain 
by Aiteid. 

Kal. Lachtnan, son of [Mael]ciarain, King of Teabhtha, 
moritur. Niall, son of Laeghaire, King of the Desi, 







three cows, or the value of three cows. 
The number of cows was, therefore, 

630, although Colgan understands 
" 210 boves." Trias Tkattm., p. 296. 



mon.iT;un.. Niall mac iao^aijie, Ri na nTDe^e, 
Paolan mac uain.e, Hi .Tl. cdnnfiolai^, 

jet. "Ouplaccna mac TTlaoilsuaifie, Hi Caifil, 
cun. THaolpe-oain. mac Cuain, epfcop T^ifie T)a 
comajiba bjaenamT), quietus. Ceallach mac planna- 
gdin, Ri bfieg, occifup eft; 6 [poJsafirac mac 'Golaifts. 
TYluifie-oac mac eoeha^din, teic Ri UtaT*, occifUf ef^c o 
mac Laigne. TTlaolaicen, Bpfcop CCiyn) TTlacba, 

]ct. blanmac, Pfiincepf Cluana muc "Moif .1. mac 
'Caiyice'Dai^ -DO bfiesmamib, quieuiu. CCfi gait [La] 
Conaille [ocuf] la CCiceiT) mac Lai^ne m quo ceciT>e- 
CCmlait5 .h. 1maip. ocuf ^lun riurona mac ^tum 
, cum .-occc. Scolai^e mac THacain, Ri "Oealbna 
berp.a -DO ma^ba-o la muinnfi Cluana muc "Moif, com-o 
iTVOfiT>e |io ma|iba7) [TDaolacaiT)]. TTlaolacaiT) canaifi 
Cluana muc "Noif, ec Pfimcepf *0amamfi, (T>O |iaD -pfii 
baf conaT> baoi cmca -00 immajiba'D Scolai^e), vo T>ol 
la "Delbna becna ant)i5ail Scolaige. 8ao|i- 
mac ConaiT), 8apienf es Gpifcopuf, 
Cop.cai|e, quieuii;. plann mac Lonam, 
.1. pnim pie ^aoi7)eal, T>O mayiba'D T>ui15 Cui|i|ibuiT>e .1. 
o huiB porhai'fe, 05 Loc T>a Caoc a n*0efib TTIuman. 
plaicbejicac mac 1TlufichaT>a, Ri CCilig, occifUf efc la 
hu bfieafail. 

]ct. Carjiaome-D jiia TTlaolpnnain mac 
1C Raic c|io, pofi tlllroiB ocuf pon. T)dl 
mulci ceciTen.unc, urn TTIui|ice|iT:ac mac 
CC|iai'5e, ocuf im mac TDaoilmochejise mic 
.1. CCm''D, Ri Leire Carhail. CCiDeiT) mac 

euafic. Uacmuiaan mac Concupaifi, Ri . 

, ubi 
Ri T)dil 

1 Maelguaire. " Maelguala" in the 
other chronicles, and in the List of 
Kings of Cashel in the Book of Mun- 

8 Maelaichen. O'F. intimates in a 
note that this ecclesiastic died in the 

year 891, which is the date given in 
the Four Mast. (890=891), where 
the name is written Maelaithghin. 

8 Slaughter, O'F. prefixes the date 
896, and refers to Ware (Antiq. 1Kb.). 



moritur. Faelan, son of Guaire, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 

Kal. Dubhlachtna, son of Maelguaire, 1 King of Caisel, 
moritur. Maelpedair, son of Cuan, Bishop of Tir-da-glas, 
comarb of Brenainn, quievit. Ceallach, son of Flannagan, 
King of Bregh, slain by [Fo]gartach, son of Tolarg. 
Muiredhach, son of Eochagan, half-King of Uladh, was 
slain by Aiteid, son of Laighne. Maelaichen, 2 Bishop of 
Ard-Macha, quievit. 

Kal. Blathmac, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, i.e. son of 
Taircedach, of the Breghmhaine, quievit. A slaughter 3 of 
the Foreigners [by] Conaille [and] by Aiteid, son of Laighne, 
in which Amhlaibh, grandson of Imhar, and Gluntradna, 
son of Gluniarainn, with 800 others, fell. Scolaighe, 
son of Macan, King of Dealbhna Bethra, was slain by the 
community of Cluain-muc-Nois, on account of which 
[Maelachaid] was killed. Maelachaid, iaxust-Abbot of 
Cluain-muc-Nois, and Abbot of Daimhinis, (who declared 
when dying that he was not guilty of the slaying of 
Scolaighe), suffered martyrdom from the Dealbhna Bethra, 
in revenge for Scolaighe. Saerbrethach, son of Conadh, a 
sage, and Bishop, and Abbot of Corcach, quievit. Flann, 
son of Lonan, the Virgil 4 of the Gaeidhel, i.e. chief poet 
of the Gaeidhel, was slain by the Ui Cuirrbuidhe, viz., 
by the Ui Fothaidh, at Loch-Dacaech, in the Deisi of 
Mumhan. Flaithbhertach, son of Murchadh, King of 
Ailech, was slain by the Ui Breasail. 

Kal. 5 A battle-breach gained by Maelfinnain, son of 
Flannagan, at Rath-cro, over the Ultonians and the Dal- 
Araidhe, in which many fell, with Muircertach,son of Edech, 
King of Dal-Araidhe, and with the son of Maelmocherghe, 
son of Indreachtach, i.e. Aindiarraidh, King of Leith- 
Cathail. Aideidh, son of Laighne, escaped with wounds. 





4 Virgil. Pifigi t, A., the trans- 
criber of which has added the charac- 
ters ".i. u" over the letter p, to 

intimate that the letters p and u (f 
and v) were of equal signification. 
5 Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 897. 



e a pinp [occipup epc]. Inpaft Conn acr; la plann 
mac TTlaoilpeclamn, ocup a geill 7>o robach. 

]ct. CCiT>eT> mac taine, Rf Ulaft, a pocup pep 
Dotum [occipup epr]. Ppop pola t>o pibuft a nCCfvo 
Ciannachca. CCnc aibnp -DO 7>ol a hGpmn. CCp-o 
TTIaca -oafi^am 6 ^atloiB tochu peaBail, ec Cumupccac 
-DO gabdil T)dip, BV a mac .1. CCoT> mac Cumufgaicc, -DO 
ma^bat). Uuafic mac T^eym din, Hi bp.eipne, moiutuji. 
CCeT>acan mac Concupaiji, Hi "Ceabca, mo|iiru|i. Cocca-o 
eiT>ifi ptann mac TDaoilfeclamn GT; a mac .1. TTlael- 
fiuanai'5, ubi mult:i ceciT>efiunT;. 

jet. CC^a-oan CCbb Coyicaise, quieuit. pluuialif 
annuf. "Oepecno pamf. Cjiec ta ConnacroiB a 
maficep, TDiTie. 8ayiucca'b 1nnfi CCmgin, er; T>UITH r>o 
gum -pop. a lap,, ocuf -pcfiin Ciapam mre, ocup penu-5 
pp,uic im Caipppe Cfiom, Bppcop Cluana muc Noif. 
TYlaiT>m pop ConnachcoiB oc CCr Luain pia maprep 
TTli-be ip in lo ce'ona, co ppap^paD T>pem. 

]ct. TTlac 6iT)i5 mac Lelobaip, Ri T)dil CCpai-fee, 
mopirup. 'Ca'D^ mac Concupaip, Hi ceopa Connachr, 
eaccenpo T>olope, quieuir. Op^am Cille T)apa 6 ^enciB. 
Quiep TYlaoilbpis'oe mic Ppoib^, CCp-oeappug TTIuman. 
Cftnep "Oomnaill mic Conpt^annn, Ui CClban. ben 
mop T)O pala a muip a nCClbam .1. T>a t:paiiT> -oecc ap 
naoi -ppcnb a -pai) ; ui. rpaicciT> eiT>ip a T>a cic ; xu. 
rpaicci'fe pox* a -puilr:; ui. po-o meoip a laitfie; un. appaD 
a ppona. ibt;ep ^ep no uan rumne 506 mip TH. 

]cb Tnaolpuanaif) mac plain n mic THaoileclamn, 

1 Aideidh. Although O'F. thinks 
898 the correct year, he refers the 
death of Aideidh to the year 899. 

2 The Pilgrim ; i.e. the Pilgrim 
whose arrival is recorded above under 
the year 886, and whose name is 
given in the Four Mast. (886) as 
" Ananloen." 

* Ruarc. O'F. refers his obit to 
the year 899. 

* Mac-Edigh. "Muretigh," Ann. 
Ult (899 = 900). 

8 A large woman. Oen rn6fi. O'F. 
adds the word " virago" in the marg. 
This prodigy is entered in the Ann. 
Ult. at the year 890 = 891, and in 
the Ann. Four Mast, under the year 

6 Kal. O'F. understands 901 to be 
the correct year. 



Uathmuran, son of Conchobhar, King of Ui-Failghe, A.D. 
[was slain] by his own people. Devastation of Connacht 
by Flann, son of Maelsechlainn ; and its pledges were 

Kal. Aideidh, 1 son of Laighne, King of Uladh, [was [898.] 
slain] in treachery, by his companion. A shower of blood 
was shed in Ard-Ciannachta. The Pilgrim 2 departed 
from Erinn. Ard-Macha was plundered by the Foreigners 
of Loch Feabhail, and Cumusgach was taken prisoner by 
them, and his son, i.e. Aedh, son of Cumusgach, was slain. 
Ruarc, 3 son of Tighernan, King of Breifne, moritur. 
Aedhacan, son of Conchobhar, King of Teabhtha, moritur. 
A war between Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, and his son, 
i.e. Maelruanaidh, in which many fell. 

Kal. Argadan, Abbot of Corcach, quievit. A rainy [899.] 
year. Failure of bread. A preying expedition by the 
Connachtmen into West of Midhe. The profanation 
of Inis Ainghin, and a man was wounded in the middle 
of it, and the shrine of Ciaran there, and a synod of seniors 
along with Cairbre Crom, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois. 
A victory was gained at Ath-Luain, on the same day, by 
the men of West Midhe over the Connachtmen, who lost 
a number of men. 

Kal. Mac-Edigh, 4 son of Lethlobhar, King of Dal- [900.] 
Araidhe, moritur. Tadhg, son of Conchobhar, King of 
the three divisions of Connacht, after long suffering, 
quievit. Plundering of Cill-dara by Gentiles. Quies of 
Maelbrighde, son of Proilech, Archbishop of Mumhan. 
Quies of Domhnall, son of Constantino, King of Alba. 
A large woman 5 was cast ashore by the sea in Alba, viz., 
her length was nine score and twelve feet ; six feet 
between her two pap's; the length of her hair was 15 
feet ; the length of the fingers of her hands was 6 feet; 
the length of her nose was 7 feet ; whiter than a swan, 
or the foam of the wave, was every part of her. 

Kal. 6 Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, son of Maelechlainn, [901.] 



o tumult!) Connachz; occipup ept; .1. a lopccaf* a 
nne-o .1. 6 maccoiB Cepnacdm mic 'Cai'D^, ec 6 mac 
Lopcdm mic Ccrcail, ubi cecepi muln ceci-oepunt;, ex- 
cepcip qaibup .1. YTlaelcpon mac "Domnaill, Ri dneoil 
taosaipe, ocup Pfimcepp Roip ec .1. TDuBctubnn, ec 
abup. ClaocloT) CCbbaTj a Cluam muc "Noip .1. 1ofep 
raifiipi "De-Dim Uf. Claoclo'D Ri 1 Caifil .1. Cofimac 
mac CinlenT)din an ionat> Cinn^esdin. TTlaotbfiefail 
mac maoil/oofiaiT), Ri Cineoil Conaill, T>O'D a 
cccrc Sailrini la TTlu|icha'D mac TTlaoibT)Uin, Ri dneoil 

]ct. p'nD^uine Ri Caipl a fuip occifUf eft:. 
In'oayiba-D ^encae a hGifiinn .1. [o] lon^poyir; CCca Cbar, 
oc Cembali mac TTItMfiisen co LaigmB, ec TTlaolpnnian 
mac "ptannagdin 50 -ppe|ioi6 bfieg, 50 

]C. Caomcomiaac Opifcoptif et: Pyimcepf [ 
Ceallac mac Sao^ufa, [ranaipe 
TDacha, quieuir. TTlaotpinnian, Ri bfie, 

mac eiT)iyif5eoit, Ri .ll. Cinnfilai, mo|iit;u|i. 
]ct. 1ofep .1. Loca Con, T>uib an 
CCbb Ctuana muc "Moif, m pace quieuic. 
Cenann-pa ta ptann mac TTlaoilectain, pop. TDonncha-o 
.1. a mac pa-oepm, er atn mutn -Decotlan punr cipca 
oparopium. "Dungal mac bairme, Ppincepp o^up 
Gppcop ^tmne T>a locha, quieuir. po^aprac mac 
TTIaoilpuanaiT), Ri dneoil Conaill, mopicup, Caipppe 
Cam, Gppcop Cluana muc KJoip, qineuir. CCp "DO 
ppipirTTlaoilpeclain mic TT)aoilpuanaiT> cenn. 

1 In a house set on fire, a ccaig 

lit. " in a house of fire." 
With the exception of three, ex- 

cepcip C'p.ibu'p (exceptis tribus), 

A . B. The Four Mast, state that the 

three persons in question perished also. 

Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 902. 

4 OfLughmhagh. Added from Four 

Mast. (898, recte 903). 

f Tanist. canaipe, interlined by O'F. 

6 North. The clause within the 
parenthesis is added as a gloss over 
the name of Joseph, in A. It is mis- 
placed in B., being added to the pre- 
ceding entry. 

i Madruanaldh. " Maeldoraidh," 
Four Mast., which is more correct. 

8 Cairbre Cam. This name is 
written " Cairbre Crom" under the 
year 898, supra, and in all other 



was slain by the Luighne of Connacht, i.e. he was burnt A.D. 
in a house set on fire, 1 viz., by the sons of Cernachan, son of rjJoT] 
Tadhg, and by the son of Lorcan, son of Cathal ; in which 
the rest, who ivere many, perished, with the exception of 
three, 2 viz., Maelcron, son of Domhnall, King of Cinel 
Laeghaire, and the Abbot of Ros-ech, namely, Dubhcuilinn, 
and another. A change of Abbots at Cluain-muc-Nois, viz., 
Joseph instead of Dedimus. A change of Kings at Caisel, 
viz., Cormac, son of Cuilennan, in the place of Cenngegain. 
Maelbresail, son of Maeldoraidh, King of Cinel Conaill, 
was killed in the battle of Sailtin, by Murchadh, son of 
Maelduin, King of Cinel Eoghain. 

Kal. 3 Finnguine, King of Caisel, was slain by his own [902.] 
people. Expulsion of the Gentiles from Erinn, i.e. [from] 
the fortress of Ath-cliath, by Cerbhall, son of Muirigen, 
with the Lagenians, and by Maelfinnian, son of Flannagan, 
with the men of Bregh; and they (the Gentiles) left a 
great number of ships. . . 

K. Caeincomrac, Bishop and Abbot [of Lughmhagh, 4 [901] 
quievit]. Ceallach, son of Saerghus, [tanist- 5 ]Bishop of 
Ard-Macha, quievit. Maelfinnian, King of Bregh, moritur. 
Duibhgilla, son of Edirsgel, King of Ui Cennselaigh, 

Kal. Joseph (i.e. of Loch Con, of the Ui Fiachrach [904.] 
of the North), 6 Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, in pace quievit. 
Profanation of Cenannus by Flann, son of Maelechlain, 
against Donnchadh, i.e. his own son; and many others 
were beheaded around the oratory. Dungal, son of 
Baithin, Abbot and Bishop of Gleann-da-locha, quievit. 
Fogartach, son of Maelruanaidh, 7 King of Cinel Conaill, 
moritur. Cairbre Cam, 8 Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
quievit. It was to him the spirit of Maelechlain, 
son of Maelruanaidh, showed itself. 9 Ead, King of 

authorities. The words "Cam" and 
"Crom" are nearly synonymous, the 
former meaning crooked, and the lat- 
ter, bent, or stooped. 

9 Showed itself. "Cuaixgaib cenn ; 
lit. "raised its head." See a curious 
account of this apparition, in the 
Mart, of Donegal, at 6 March. 




6aT> Ri Cfunreneuaire -DO tuinm pfu -oa .tl. Imaifi ocuf 
pfii Carol 50.7). cei>oit5. CCilec "Dayi^am t>o 
}ct. plann mac "Oomnaill, RiT>amna an 

dpiecan mac "Calais, Ri dnet Conaill, 
Sluase-o ta lann mac TTlaoileclamn, ee 
la Cembali mac TTluifieccem, co pfiu TTluman, co fio 
infieaT>afi 6 ^abyian 50 Luimnec. 

]ct. Colman Opfcop "Daimba^ es 
Peip-^il Gpfcop pm> quieuir. 
TTluman la Coyimac mac Cuilenndtm, ec la 
beficach, 50 TTla5 Lena, 51171 nnoilfic Ler Cumn 
annpm, um plann mac TTlaoileaclainn, 50 jiaoineT) pop. 
Lee Cumn. CCnnuf mopealiearif. luaiccheT oile la 
Cofimac octif la plaicbeprac, pop tla "Nell, ocuf -pop. 
Connachca, co rcu^far; palla Connachz:, ocuf ^un. 
op.r:atn:u|i mfi Loca RiB apfa coblac. Cam la Cele -pop Ler Cumn. 

]ct. Sluaige-D la Cm el n Gotham .1. la "Domhnall 
mac CCo-oa ocuf la Niall mac CCota, guyi loifccfiD 
"Clachr^a. beltum bealaij TTlu^nai fie Lai^mC ocuf 
fie Leic Cumn -pofi pefiaib TTluman, m quo Cofimac 
mac Cuilennam, Ri Caifil, Scfiiba opamuf, acque 
ec ancofiica, ee 'ppiennffimuf 
.1. pach h. Uspa-oan o *0ennbf 
rfiafib Cofimac. po^efieac mac 8uibne, Ri 
Cuifici, ocuf Ceallac mac Ceafibaill, Ri 
func. CCibll mac eo^am, Pfimcepf T:fim Coficai|e, 
ocuf TTlaolmofiTa, Ri Rara Imne, ec Tnaolgofim Ri 



1 Ead, King of Cruithen-tuaith ; i.e. 
of Pictland. There is no mention of 
this Ead in the usual lists of Pictish 
Kings, unless he is the Aedh, or Hugh, 
King of Scotland, who succeeded Con- 
stantine II. in 881, and who is stated 
by most authorities to have been killed 
after a reign of one year. If so, his 
obit is misplaced here. See Chalmers' 
Caledonia, vol. i., pp. 375, 381. 

2 Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 906, 
implying thereby that the year 905 has 
been omitted in A. See note s , p. 184. 

8 A Rule. Cain. This word is 
represented by "Lex," under the year 
826, supra. It also means a Tribute. 
O'Flaherty understands this to be the 
year 907. 

* Kal. This is the year 908, ac- 
cording to O'i)'. See note 2 , p. 182. 


Cruithen-tuaith, 1 fell by the two grandsons of Imhar, A.D. 
and by Catel, along with 500 men. Ailech plundered by [904] 

Kal. 2 Flann, son of Domhnall, Royal heir of the North, [905.] 
moritur. Eignechan, son of Dalach, King of Cinel Conaill, 
moritur. A hosting by Flann, son of Maelechlainn, and 
by Cerbhall, son of Muiregen, to the men of Mumhan, 
when they ravaged from Gabhran to Luimnech. 


Kal. Colman, Bishop of Daimhliag and Lusca, quievit. [906.] 
Fergil, Bishop of Finnabhair, quievit. A hosting of the 
men of Mumhan, with Cormac, son of Cuilennan, and 
with Flaithbhertach, to Magh Lena; and the army of 
Leth Chuinn assembled there against them, under Flann, 
son of Maelechlainn ; but the army of Leth Chuinn was 
defeated. A year of mortality. Another hosting by 
Cormac and by Flaithbhertach, against the Ui Neill and 
the men of Connacht; and they brought away the hostages 
of Connacht, and destroyed the islands of Loch Ribh from 
their fleet. A Kule 3 established by Cele-Cleirech over 
Leth Chuinn. 

Kal. 4 A hosting by the Cinel Eoghain, i.e. by Domh- [907.] 
nail, son of Aedh, and by Niall, son of Aedh ; and they 
burned Tlachtgha. The battle of Bealach Mughna gained 
by the Lagenians and by the army of Leth Chuinn, 
over the men of Mumhan, in which Cormac, son of 
Cuilennan, King of Caisel, a most excellent scribe, and 
Bishop and anchorite, and the wisest of the Gaeidhel, 
was slain : viz., Fiach Ua Ugfadan, from Dennlis, it was 
that slew Cormac, Fogartach, son of Suibhne, King of 
Ciarraighe-Chuirchi, and Ceallach, son of Cerbhall, King 
of Osraighe, were slain. Ailill, son of Eoghan, Abbot of 
Trian Corcaighe, 5 and Maelmordha, King of Rath-linne, 
and Maelgorm, King of Ciarraighe-Luachra, with a mul- 

Trian Corcaighe; i.e. the " third 
of Corcach (or Cork)." The word 

sometimes loses its relative quantity, 
and simply means " district," or " di- 

" Irian," ("third"), like "quarter, | vision. 


Ciappai^e Luacpa, .ui. m. ibi muln ceciT>epunt;. Colman 
Ppmcepp dnn 611^:15, ocup Ri Copca "Ouibne, ocup alii 
nobilep qui non numepan pura; ; ut -01x11; : 

Copmac eimin, pogaprach, 

Colman, Ceallac cpuai-o nujpa, 

CC'obaua'D con il milib 

CCccat bealaig muaiT> TTIujna. 

plann "Cempa -non "Cailren ma^, 
Ceapball ^0 Capmam cionac, 

car ceDoib ilac. 


CCn ftii ba <f ocla 
Ri Caifil con it maimb, 
CC "Oe T>ufifan DO Cofimac. Cofimac. 

mac TTlaoiteclainn, Ri "Cemfiac, Cep,ball 
mac imuif.i5en, Hi Laigen, Coral mac Concupaifi, Ri 
Conn ace, uicrop.ef ep,ant:. THaolosfiai mac Con^alaicc, 
Ri Loca $abap., pep 'oolum occipup epc o 
mac "Colaipc. 

]ct. Ceapball mac TTluipigen, Ri 
mopeuup epc, UT: T>icicup : 

TTlop liac Lipe lon-ogatach 

^an Ceapball cpaibrec celec 

Pep pial pofpait) popbapac, 

"Oia pogam "Cemaip T:aiT)lec. 


1 The poet. The stanzas which fol- 
low are attributed to Dalian, son of 
M6r, poet to Cerbhall, King of Lein- 
ster, one of the victors in the battle 
of Bealach Mughna. A few of 
Dalian's compositions are preserved 
in the Book ofLeinster. 

1 Seventeenth of September, pepr 
oecirn (sept decim), for septimo de- 
cimo, or decimo septimo, A. B. 
O'Flaherty adds the marg. note "17 
Septembris, i.e. 17 Kal. Sept., Au- 
gusti 16, et feria 3, ut in Dungal. 

AnnaL Anno 908. Litera Domincal. 
CB." But the Annals of Donegal 
(or Four Mast.), in which the battle 
is entered under the year 903 equal, 
however, to 908 do not mention 
the day of the week. In a subse- 
quent stanza of the foregoing poem, 
quoted in the Fragments of Irish 
Annals (Dublin ed. 1860), p. 217, 
the battle is stated to have been 
fought on a Tuesday. The 17th of 
September fell on a Tuesday in the 
year 905, at which date Caradoc of 



titude to the number of 6,000 fell there. Colman, Abbot 
of Cenn-Eittigh, and the King of Corca-Duibhne, and 
many other nobles who are not enumerated, were slain, 
as said the poet 1 : 

Cormac of Feimhin, Fogartach, 
Colman, Ceallach of the hard fights 
They perished, with many thousands, 
In the battle of famous Bealach Mughna. 

Flann of Temhair, of the plain of Tailten, 

Cearbhall of lordly Carman, 

On the Seventeenth of September,* 

Gained a battle of which hundreds were joyful. 

The Bishop the soul-friend 
The renowned, illustrious sage 
King of Caisel, of great riches 

God ! Alas for Cormac. 


Flann, son of Maelechlainn, King of Temhair ; Cerbhall, 
son of Muirigen, King of Laighen; and Cathal, son of 
Conchobhar, King of Connacht, were victors. Maelogra, 
son of Congalach, King of Loch Gabhar, was treacherously 
slain by [F]ogartach, son of Tolarg. 

Kal 4 Cerbhall, son of Muirigen, King of Laighen, 
dolore mortuus est, ut dicitur 5 : 

Great grief that Life of fierce valour 

Is without the pious, friendly Cerbhall 

A generous, stayed, prolific man, 

To whom Temhair 8 the splendid was obedient. 

Lancarvan (Brut y Tywysoffion) has 
the death of Cormac (Corvauc). The 
Irish Annals generally point to the 
year 908, and it seems likely, there- 
fore, that O'Flaherty is right, and 
that the text should read "the 17th 
of the Kalends of September." 

Cormac. The first word of the 
poem is here repeated, according to 
the usual practice of Irish scribes. 

* Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 909. 

Ut dicitur. uc -Ofv., A. uc -oic- 
cum, B. 

6 Temhair. For Temhair or Tara, 
the Four Mast, have Eriu, or Erin. 
But Cerbhall was never King of Tara, 
i.e. of Erin; and Tara ceased to be 
the residence of the Irish monarchs 
after the year 534, although the 
practice of styling them "Kings of 
Tara" was observed down to a late 




cnotncum scoTxmum. 

n mac Soclain, Ri .Tl. TTlaine, mopimp. bee 
.0. Letlabaip, Ri *0dil CCpaiT>e, mopirup. Caicrell 
mac Ruai)pac, Ri bpet;an, mopirup. T)amlia5 Cluana 
muc Noip T>o T>enam la "plann mac TTlaoileclaiTin er la 
Colman Conaillec. 

jet. CapaoineT> pe plann mac flDaoileclainti cum 
puip pilup pop pipa bpeipne, ubi ceciTepunT; lann 
mac "dsepnam, Ri bpepne, ocuf a mac, ec alu muln 
inrejapecci func .1. cfiia milba hommum. 
DO cocu|i ifm bliaT>ain p .1. na 
imaille in uno "Die in pyiiT)ie nonaf Ulaii. Coblac la 
"Oomnall Ua fHaoileclainn, ocuf la Innfiac'oac mac 
Concupaiyi, -pop, "Oep5 T>ei|ic, ^u|i iictiTifit: -poyi cablac 
TTlumhan, ocuf ^U|i mafibfac Daoine imt>a. 

]ct. "Ounlong mac Coifipfie, |iiT)amna tai^en, mofii- 
"Domnall mac CCoT>a, Ri CCibg, T>O gabail bachla. 

]ct. Saimcca-D CCifiT) TTlacha o Cefinacan mac 
"Duib^en .1. cimit* -DO bp.ei af m cill ocuf a 
1C Loc Cijifi -pfiia CCfiT> TTlacha anaip. Cefinachcm "DO 
ba-oa-D la "Miall mac CCo-oa Rig HTD [p]oclai m eo-oem 
lacu 1 ccinaif) fafiaigce pa7)|iaicc. 

]ct. Congalach mac aifibi, ^ 1 Conaille 1Tlui|i- 
cemne, occifuf eft: a -pfia^fie -puo. CafiaoineT> |iia 
Wiall mac CCoTia pop Connachrai^ .1. ipofi TTlaelcluice 
mac Concupaifi, T>U aucoficuiii TTlaolcluice ec T>aoine 
lom-oa. Cac |na TTlaolmirhi'D mac plannucain, ocuf 
fie "Oonncha-oh .tl. THaoileclainn, pop. Lopcdn mac 
*Ounchafa ocuf pop "Po^aprac, 50 LaigniB leo, ubi 

1 Sochlan. " Sochlachan," Ann. 
Ult, and Four Mast., which is more 

2 Caittett. The death of Cadell, 
son of Rodhri, or Ruaidhri, is entered 
under the year 907 in the Brut y 
Tywytoffion, and in the Annales Cam- 
bria at the year 909. 

3 Battle. The original hand has 
written "car muige cuma," "battle 
of Magh Cuma," in the marg., in A. 
The place has not been identified. 

4 3,000 men. cfuct iiT hommum, 
A. B. 

6 End of the Cycle. This corresponds 
to the year 911, which completed the 

A?. ?'A^A 

&% '** 

f ;i"-- 




Mughron, son of Sochlan, 1 King of Ui Maine, moritur. 
Bee Ua Lethlabhair, King of Dal-Araidhe, moritur. 
Caittell, 2 son of Ruaidhri, King of Britain, moritur. The 
stone church of Cluain-muc-Nois was built by Flann, son 
of Maelechlainn, and Colman Conaillech. 

Kal. A battle 3 gained by Flann, son of Maelechlainn, 
with his sons, over the men of Breifne, in which fell 
Flann, son of Tighernan, King of Breifne, and his son ; 
and many more were slain, viz., 3,000 men. 4 A wonderful 
sign appeared in this year, viz., two suns were seen to run 
together on one day, namely that preceding the nones of 
May. A fleet by Domhnall Ua Maeilechlainn, and by Inn- 
rachdach, son of Conchobhar, on Lock Dergdheirc; and 
they defeated the fleet of Mumhan, and killed many men. 

Kal. Dunlang, son of Cairbre, Royal heir of Laighen, 
moritur. Domhnall, son of Aedh, King of Ailech, assumed 
the pilgrim's staff. End of the Cycle. 5 

Kal. The profanation^ of Ard-Macha by Cernachan, 
son of Duligen, viz., & captive was taken out of_the 
church, and killed at Loch Cirr, to the east 6 of Ard- 
Macha. Cernachan was drowned by Niall, son of Aedh, 
King of the [F]ochla, in the same lake, for the offence of 
the profanation of Patrick. 

Kal. 7 Congalach, son of Gairbliith, King of Conaille 
Muirthemne, was slain by his own brother. A battle 
gained by Niall, son of Aedh, over the Connachtmen, viz., 
over Maelcluiche, son of Conchobhar, in which Maelcluiche 
and numerous persons were slain. A battle gained by 
Maelmithidh, son of Flannagan, and by Donnchadh Ua 
Maeilechlainn, over Lorcan, son of Dunchadh, and over 
Fogartach, with the Lagenians, in which many fell 

48th Lunar Cycle from the Birth of 
Christ. It would seem, therefore, 
that O'Flaherty was right in supposing 
that a year had been omitted between 
904 and 905, which latter should be 
906. See note s , p. 180. 

6 To the east. The Four Mast. 
(907) have "to the west" The cor- 
rect year is 912. 

7 Kal. O'Flaherty prefixes the 
year 913, which is the correct date. 









CRONICUTTI gcotxmum. 

let. plaicbe^cac a fii|e Caifit aiU -DO 
a nOfiinn a bpojit laifise. Sluag an-o [p]oclai ocup 
Ulcn-o, um Niall mac CCor>a, i TTli-De 50 ^eatlach 
nhlU;e. Can.aoine-5 fie plann mac TTlaoileclainn, 
cum fuif fillip, pofifia ainnpen, T>U acr;on.cain. i)fieam 
010$ um penpal mac CCongufa mic ITlaoib'DUin, et um 
TYlaolmofiT>a mac nGifiemotn rmc CCofia T)tllT:aiB, ocuf 
um hefiu-oan mac 5 ai P^ 1c plair h. mbfiefail, ec um 
"Oiafimai-o mac [SeatBai], Hi "Dailfiia-oa, ocuf urn 
TTlaolmuifie mac [ptannagam] Ri pefinmai|e, ec alii, 
ec "Domnall [mac] aijibi, Ri Conaille, ec Conmcan 
mac CCifiecT;ai. 

jet. Oenguf mac plamn mic TTlaeileclainn, RiT>amna 
6i|ienn m macuyia feneccure pefinr, .Ix. no .Ixx. -Die 
pofc bellum ^jieallip quo lugula^uf efr, uiroe peianc 
.lac. T)ie. "Oomnall mac CCo-ba, mic Well, Ri CCili, 
pemcennam pefini:. Tnaolciafiam mac Gcucain, 

Cluana eoif, ec TTluccnama Gpfcop 
TTlaca, ocuf -oalra per^na, To|imiuiT:. 
Gpfcop 'Camlachca, quieuii:. Ofigam Coficaige ec Lif 
moifi, ec CCcai'5 bo, 6 ^ennB. 

]ct. Cobplai6 in^en "Ouib-ouin, CCbbaciffa Cille 
oafta, quieuic. TTlaolbafifiionn, Tfa^a^T: Cluana muc 
"Moif, quieuic. po^uyicac mac T3olaific, Ri T>eir5ific 
bfie^, quieuit:. plann mac TT)aoileclamn, Ri Gfieann 
uile, m .uin. ]ct. 1um, un. pefiia xxxuu . anno 
f ui, 'oepunccuf eyr hi CinT) eic muinnfie Cluana : 

1 Kal. The correct year is 914, as 
O'F. has noted in the marg., in A. 

1 70th. xx., a mistake for txx., A. 

Received a mortal wound. 111511- 
Ixxcuf eyr (jugulatus est). The 
corresponding expression in the Four 
Mast (911=915) is -DO jinn (was 
mortally wounded). The Ann. Ult. 
(914 al. 915) state that Aengus died 

on the 7th of the Ides of February, 
being the 3rd feria, or Tuesday, which 
answers to the year 915. 

4 Bishop ofArd-Macha. The name 
of Maelciarain is not found in any of 
the ancient lists of Bishops or Abbots 
of Armagh, and it is likely that the 
words in the text are transposed, and 
that the entry should read "Mael- 
ciarain, son of Eochagan, Abbot of 



Kal. 1 Flaithbhertach in the sovereignty of Caisel. A.D. 
Foreigners arrived in Erinn, at Port-Lairge. The army [913/1 
of the [FJochla and of Uladh, under Niall, son of Aedh, 
'marched into Midhe, to Greallach-Eillte. A battle was 
there gained over them by Flann, son of Maelechlainn, 
with his sons, in which a number of them were slain, 
including Ferghal, son of Aengus, son of Maelduin ; 
Maelmordha, son of Eremhon, son of Aedh, of the 
Ultonians; Erudhan, son of Gairbhith, chieftain of Ui- 
Breasail ; Diarmaid, son [of Sealbhach], King of Dal- 
Riada; and Maelmuire, son [of Flannagan], King of 
Fernmhagh, and others ; and Domhnall [son] of Gairbhith, 
King of Conaille, and Connican, son of Airechtach. 

Kal. Oengus, son of Flann, son of Maelechlainn, [914.] 
Royal heir of Erinn, died in ripe old age, on the 60th or 
70th 2 day after the battle of Greallach, where he received 
a mortal wound, 3 of which he died on the 60th day. 
Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of NiaU, King of Ailech, died 
after penitence. Maelciarain, son of Eochagan, Abbot 
of Cluain-eois and Muccnamha, Bishop of Ard-Macha, 4 
and foster-son of Fethghna, dormivit. s Sgannlan, Bishop 
of Tamhlacht, quievit. Plundering of Corcach, and Lis- 
m6r, and Achadh-b6, by Gentiles. 

Kal. Cobhflaith, daughter of Dubhduin, Abbess of [915.] 
Cill-dara, quievit. Maelbarrionn, Priest of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, quievit. Fogartach, son of Tolarg, King of the 
South of Bregh, quievit. Flann, son of Maelechlainn, 
King of all Erinn, died on the 8th of the Kalends of June, 
on Saturday, 6 in the 37th year of his reign, at Cenn-eich 
of the family of Cluain : 

Cluain-eois and Muccnamh, and 
foster-son of Fethgna Bishop of Ard- 
Macha, dormivit." 

8 Dormivit. This word is trans- 
posed in A. and B., in both of which 
it follows after " Cluain-eois." 

Saturday. 1111. pe^ucc (7th feria). 
The correct year was, therefore, 916, 
on which the 8th of the Kalends of 
June, or 25th of May, fell on the 7th 
feria, i.e. Saturday. O'Flaherty has 
added a marg. note, now illegible. 


CROW 1 cum 



5 pm a Gifii ioT>nac 
Cc T)O T>aoine -oogfiac, 
cepca ptcmn . . . mqrtb 
"Do Ri |xo50|xm fiojlac. 

mac Ruapac, Ri bpecan, mopirup.. Miatl 
, mac CCoT>a, p-egnape incipit;. Oenac "Gaillren 

ta Niatt. 

8luaiccef> ppep nGp^enn la Niall mac CCo'oa, 
Locha 7>a caec, 5U|i mafibra aill ocuf 
ann, um Ri Caiyifige bfiacai-oe, ocuf um raifec 
.tl. Ce|mai .1. TTIaolpnnen mac "Donna^din, ocuf utn 
raoifec .1). Cfiemrainne .1. "Pepguf mac TTIuifii^en, ocuf 
atn muln occifi ftmc. CaT:fiaoineT> CUTD -puair poyi 
fie ntJa 1mai|i; fe ce7>, net ampbuf, im an 
er imon CCifiDfiicc .1. tl^aiyie mac CCiblla, ocuf 
im Ri CCifirifi Lipe .1. Tnaolmo]iT>a mac TMuiin^en, 
ocuf um TTIu^iion mac Curoe'Di^, Ri na t^fii Comann 
ocuf Laicyi> ocuf CinaoT mac TAiaranl, Ri .H. peneclaif, 
ec atn muln, ec im an CCfiT) epfcop. Ojigam Cille 
oann T>O ^alloiB dnn -puair. abait CCra cbac T>O 
jalloiB afi hecm pon. peyiaib 6|ieann. Niall ^lun-ou^ 
50 -ppo|i5ta ppeft nrp.eann, ec co pefiaiB 0]fiea5, ocuf 
TTliTie, hi cn.ic TDumhan, co ppajiccaiB T|iem moyi Tia 
ann .1. um Rig 'CeaBca .1. "Donncuan mac 
ocup um Ri Caiyifise bfiacai-oe. Coipne 
rnoyi m hoc anno, ocup pnecT>a a-obat, co rctpc-o an. pop. 

]ct. TTluipenn m^en 8uaip.r, abbanppa Cilte T>apa, 
Ceatl T>ap,a -oap^ain T>O 5 eTir;1 ^ ccp.iT)ipi 6 CCr 

1 Anoroit; i.e. Anaraut, or Ana- 
rawd, whose obit appears in Brut y 
Tywysogion at the year 913, and in 
the Annales Cambria under 916. 

* Many others were slain, a. m . o- p- 
for alii muld occipi punc (alii 
multi occiai sunt), A. B. 

3 The Archbishop; t.e. Maelmaedhog, 
son of Diannait, whom the Ann. Four 
Mast, describe as "Abbot of Gleann- 
Uisean, a distinguished scribe, ancho- 
rite, and an adept in the Latin learn- 
ing and Scotic language." 

* Kal. O'F. has added a marg. 



Pity, this, warlike Erinn, 
And thy anguished people ; 
For Flann is missing . . . dead, 
Thy noble, most valiant King. 

Anoroit, 1 son of Ruari, King of Britain, moritur. Niall 
Glundubh, son of Aedh, begins to reign. The fair of 
Taillten renewed by Niall. 

Kal. A hosting of the men of Erinn with Niall, 
son of Aedh, to the Foreigners of Loch-Dachaech, where 
Foreigners and Gaeidhel were slain, including the King 
of Carraic-Brachaidhe, and the chieftain of Ui-Cernaigh, 
viz., Maelfinnen, son of Donnagan, and the chief of Ui- 
Crimhthainn, viz., Fergus, son of Muirigen ; and many 
others were slain. 2 The victory of Cenn-fuait was gained 
over the Lagenians by the grandson of Imhar, in which 
600, or more, were killed, together with the chief- 
tains and the chief- King, i.e. Ugaire, son of Ailill; and 
the King of Airther Life, viz., Maelmordha, son of 
Muirigen ; and Mughron, son of Cennedigh, King of the 
three Comanns.and of Laighis; and Cinaedh.son of Tuathal, 
King of Ui-Fenechlais, and many others, together with 
the Archbishop. 3 Plundering of Cill-dara by the Foreigners 
of Cenn-fuait. Ath-cliath forcibly taken by the Foreigners 
from the men of Erinn. Niall Glundubh, with the choice 
part of the men of Erinn, and with the men of Bregh, 
and of Midhe, went into the territory of Mumhan, where 
he lost a great number of his people, together with the 
King of Teabhtha, i.e. Donncuan, son of Flannagan, and 
the King of Carraic-Brachaidhe. Great frost in this year, 
and prodigious snow, which inflicted slaughter on cattle. 

Kal. 4 Muirenn, daughter of Suart, Abbess of Cill-dara, 
quievit. Cill-dara was again plundered by Gentiles from 

note, now mutilated, but apparently 
implying that the correct date is 918, 
the chronology of this period being 

one year in advance of the true 
reckoning, owing to the omission 
noticed in note 8 , p. 180. 





(moNicurn scoroRum. 

cbcrc. Giaie ingen CCo-oa mic Well, pigan ppep 
ocup TT16p mgen Ceapbaill, mic "Oun^aile, pi^an 
oepsabap, m pemcencia quieuepunc. "Cigepnac .tl. 
Clepif;, Ri CCiTme, mopruup epr. 

]ci. "Oalla'o CCo-oa mic plainn .n. fflaoileclamn la 
"Oonnchai) mac plainn.. Car CCca cliar; pofi ^aoiT)elail5 
fiia ngalloiB .1. fiia n1ma|i .1. 8ir:|iiuc ^aile, 111 quo 
ceciT)e|iUTiT; "Niall ^luiToup, mac CCoT>a, Ri "Cemyiach, 
er Concupafi .h. TTlaoileclainn, RiT>amna Gifienn .1. Ri 
1711-06, ocuf CCo-o mac Oocuccan, Ri Ula'D, ec TTlaol- 
mirhi-o mac plannagdm, Ri bfiea|, ocuf TTnaolcpaoibe 
tl. "Ouibfinai, Ri CCijigiall, GT: TTlaolcfioib mac "Ooli^en, 
Ri "Cofi^an, Ceallach mac pogajrcail;, Ri T)eifcei|ic 
, 6ip.emon mac Cm n 6-015, plaic dneoil TTlame, 
aln muln T)ucef qm non nommaci func cum 
"Hiall 1 ccac CCra cliar inr;efipect;i funr. Corimac 
mac TTIo^lai, Ri na nTJeifi,|i. T)u6plla mac 
Lachtmain, Ri 'Ceabra, mopiruii. "Oonncha'o 
, Opfcop Cluana muc Noip, quieuir. 
.uii. ]ct. TDai, ocuf mm Caifc a famp,au 

]ct. Car^aomeT> fie "Oonncha-D mac plain n .ll. 
TTlaoileclainn pop. ^enciB, 50 tirucca'D dp, poppa conap 
pe-oa-b aipem paip, gup mo, umoppo, T>O galloiB T>O 
mapba-o ann map T>O ^aoi-oeloiB T>O mapbat* ipin car 
poime. TTluipceprac mac "Cisepnain T>O cuirim a 
ann. Cenannup T>O mnpa^ T>O 

i From Ath-cliath. Cat cLiect, A. 
B., for o at ctiat. 

1 OfDvngal ^urisaile (of Gun- 
gal), B. 

* Kal O'F. has prefixed the date 

1 By Imhar; i.e. Sitric Gaile, "Ttm 
nlmup, .1. 8itfiitic 'gaite," A. B. 
This seems to be a mistake, as Imhar's 
death is entered under the year 873, 
tupra. Probably the text should 

read "Ua nlmaip, .1. 
^aita," "the grandson of Imhar, 
i.e. Sitric Gaile." The Ann. Four 
Mast. (917) have "by Imhar and 
Sitric Gaile." This Sitric Gaile is 
called "Sicyuucc caec ua nlorhaifx" 
("Sitric the blind, grandson of Im- 
har"), in the War.* of the Gaeidhel 
with the Gaill, ed. Todd, p. 35. 


8 Donnchadh. The orig. hand has 



Ath-cliath. 1 Eithne, daughter of Aedh, son of Niall, 
Queen of the men of Bregh, and Mor, daughter of 
Cerbhall, son of Dungal, 2 Queen of Laighen-Desgabhair, 
in poenitentia quieverunt. Tighernach Ua Clerigh, King 
of Aidhne, mortuus est. 

Kal. 3 Blinding of Aedh, son of Flann Ua Maeilechlainn, 
by Donnchadh, son of Flann. The battle of Ath-cliath 
was gained over the Gaeidhel, by Foreigners, viz., by 
Imhar, i.e. Sitric Gaile, 4 in which fell Niall Glundubh, son 
of Aedh, King of Temhair; Conchobhar Ua Maeilechlainn, 
Royal heir of Erinn, i.e. King of Midhe; Aedh, son of 
Eochagan, King of Uladh; Maelmithidh, son of Flannagan, 
King of Bregh ; Maelcraeibhe Ua Duibhsinaigh, King of 
Airghiall; Maelcroibhe, son of Dolighen, King of Tortan; 
Ceallach, son of Fogartach, King of the South of Bregh ; 
Eiremhon, son of Cennedigh, lord of Cinel-Maine, and 
many other leaders who have not been named, were slain 
along with Niall, in the battle of Ath-cliath. Cormac, 
son of Mothla, King of the Deisi, moritur. Dubhgilla, 5 
son of Lachtnan, King of Teabhtha, moritur. Donnchadh 6 
reigns. Loingsech, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 
Easter on the 7th of the Kalends of May, 7 and Little 
Easter 8 in summer. 

KaL 9 A battle gained by Donnchadh, son of Flann Ua 
Maeilechlainn, over the Gentiles, when such slaughter was 
inflicted on them as could not be estimated, so that the 
number of Foreigners killed there was greater than the 
number of Gaeidhel slain in the preceding battle. 10 Muir- 
certach, son of Tighernan, fell there in the heat of battle. 
Cenannus was afterwards plundered by Foreigners, and 

added the letters "ft. 6"." in the 
marg. in A., to signify that Donnchadh 
was Rij; Gyienn, "King of Erinn." 
7 The 7th of the Kalends of May ; 
i.e. the 25th of April. This indicates 
the year 919, in which Easter Sunday 
fell on that day. O'F. has added a 

note on the subject, but it is now 
partly mutilated. 

8 Little Easter ; i.e. Low Sunday. 

Kal. This is the year 920, ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty. 

10 The preceding battle; i.e. the bat- 
tle recorded under the preceding year. 







ian.fUiT>e, et bn.ifi-6 an "Ooimliaj;. pinncaji, Gpfcop 

]ct. "Oomnall mac plain n .tl. TTlaoileclamn, Ri- 
oarnna ' .1. Hi TTlnje, TO majibaT) la a bfiarain. 
.1. la "Oonncha-D, 15 bjuniiiTi -oa coca. Ciafidn, Gppcop 
"Gulam, quieuir. TTla^na pefnlencia m tlibejima. 
Human mac Caeupaicc, Oppcop Cluana 
[quietus], opppaicc .tl. Imaip -DO gabcnl a 
cbau. THaolfeclainn mac TTlaoilp.uanai'5, RiT)amna 
6|ieann, mmaT:u|ia mopce peyint;. O^am CCifi'D TTIaca 
T)O ^oppaicc 6 CCc clmch. TTlaonac Cele T)e T>O 
nachram T>on paiyipgi aniap,, T>O T>enam jieacT>a 
]ct. 'Ca-occ mac paolam, Hi 

TTlaolpoil mac CCiblla, epi^copuf er 
CumT), ocuf cenn ffl'Bi'DTionti, quieuic. Cop.mac, 
Gpfcop Cluana pepra bjaenamn, quietnr. 
mac "Oobailen, Ri tuigne Conn ache, mofiruuf 
Sluaiccet> la "OonnchaT>, Ri ', co Connachra, 
mayiba-o 7)p.em mon. T)ia mumnn. ann, a n-ouibnn. CCca 
Luam, um Cmae-o mac Concupaip,, Ri .Tl. 

Cluana muc 14oif 7>o ^alloiB Luimm|, 
T>oib -poyi Loc RiB, ^uyi oficaTxafi a mnfi uile. 

TO ^alloitS la 
ceT> -oe T>O 

Ri CCiTne, 

TTlaoilmuai'D, Ri ppeyi ccell, 
]ct. TTlaelmo|i'Da mac Concupaifi, Ri .h. 


i Kal. This is the year 921, ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty's computation. 

* Inmatura. So in A. and B. ; but 
as Maelsechlainn was the grandson of 
King Flann, whose obit appears under 
the year 915, supra, the word " im- 
matura" was certainly meant. 

From the west, ccnictp,. The 
same word occurs in the Annals of the 
Four Mast. (919); and Dr. O'Donovan 

has translated it "westwards," as if it 
had been written "cmaifi" (anair). 

Kal. O'F. prefixes the date "922." 

6 [Southern] Laighen. Laijen, A. 
B. The name of Tadhg appears in 
the List of Kings of Ui-Cennsealaigh, 
or Southern Leinster, preserved in the 
ancient Book of Leinster. He is also 
called King of " Laighen Desgabhair," 

or "Southern Leinster," in the Annals 
of the Four Mast. (920). 

6 Head of purity, cerf "roTorm! 
(cenn indhidnain), A. B. For "cenn 
indhidnain" the Four Mast. (920) 
have abb 1troeT>ner), "Abbot of In- 
dedhnen," an establishment believed 
to have been in Meath, which is prob- 
ably more correct Colgan, also, calls 

Maelpoil "Abbas Indenensis," (Trias 
Thaum., p. 64); and Dr. O'Conor 
thinks him the same as the Paulinus 
to whom Probus dedicates his Life of 
St. Patrick. See O'Conor's ed. of the 
Ann. Four Mast., p. 440, note '. 

Kal. O'Flaherty prefixes the 
date 923. 



the stone church broken. Finnchar, Bishop of Daimhliag, A.D. 
quievit. ^ 

Kal. l Domhnall, son of Flann Ua Maeilechlainn, Eoyal [920.] 
heir of Temhair, i.e. King of Midhe, was slain by his 
brother, viz., by Donnchadh, at Bruidhen-da-choga. Ciaran, 
Bishop of Tulan, quievit. Great pestilence in Hibernia. 
Human, son of Cathusach, Bishop of Cluain-Iraird [qui- 
evit]. Goffraigh, grandson of Imhar, occupies Ath-cliath. 
Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, Royal heir of Erinn, 
immatura 2 niorte periit. The plundering of Ard-Macha 
by Goffraigh, from Ath-cliath. Maenach, a Cele D6, came 
across the sea, from the west, 3 to make the laws of Erinn. 

Kal. 4 Tadhg, son of Faelan, King of [southern] Laighen, 5 [921.] 
moritur. Maelpoil, son of Ailill, Bishop, and most excel- 
lent of Leth-Chuinn, and head of purity, 6 quievit. Cormac, 
Bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit. Uathmaran, 
son of Dobhailen, King of Luighne of Connacht, mortuus 
est. A hosting by Donnchadh, King of Temhair, into 
Connacht, and a great number of his people were slain 
there, in Dubhtir-Atha-Luain, along with Cinaedh, son 
of Conchobhar, King of Ui-Failghe. The plundering of 
Cluain-muc-Nois by the Foreigners of Luimnech ; and they 
went upon Loch Ribh, and ravaged all its islands. The 
plundering of En-inis, in Fotharta-tire, by the Foreigners, 
where 1,200 of the Gaeidhel were slain. Maelmicduach, 
King of Aidhne, was slain by Foreigners. Finnguine 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, moritur. 

Kal. 7 Maelmordha, son of Conchobhar, King of [922.] 

194- cuoNicum scotxmtim. 

eft. li^ac m^en plainn mic tnaeileclamn, 
ben Rig .1. TYlailmitis, moptua eft, ut T>ixit 
YT1 octroi] : 

1n$en plamn if TTlaoilmtiifie, 
TTlait an ben Li^ac ffii a linn ; 
CC clann, Con^alac caorh 
1f CCot) tnac TTHtiT) iiiim>. 

*0tnblitip. f a^apt CCfvoa TYlaca T>O mapba-o T>O jalloiB 
.1. Cille Slebe. TTlaolruile mac Colmain, pep.teipnn 
Clucma muc Moif, quieuic. ^Oe-oemuf .tl. 

Cluana muc "Noif, quieuiT:; occuf plann 

uejio anno uno in^ep,puiT: er oem 

]ct. Ceallach mac Cepbaill mic TTIuipisen, Ri'-oamna 
Laiccen, lU^ula^Uf epc o 'Dunncha'D mac *0omnaill. 
T)a ceT> T>ecc T)O ^alloiB TO baT)haT> hie Loch HuT>fiaie. 
'Oonnclia'D mac "Oomnaill, cdnaiffi Ctuana 1fiai|\t), 
|iiT)amna "Cemiiach, lugulacuf epc a|ie -puo. 
Spealan mac Congalail, Hi Con ai lie a f uif [occif Uf eft]. 
$aill pop. Loc HiB .1. Colla mac baip,iT>, Ri tuimni, 
a quibuf ec-Dai^ep-n mac "Planncharta, Hi 
occifUf eft. "Har;iuir;af On,iai'n mic CmneT)i. 

]ct. Loftcdn mac "Dunncha-oa, Ri bpeacc, 
Cachal mac Concupaip, Hi ceopa Connacc, 
"Oub^all mac CCof>a, RiT>amna UlaT), lugulatuf eft 6 
dnel TTlaeilcae. "Domnall mac Cachail, Rii)amna 
Connacht, lugulatuf eft a f.fiatf,e fuo, 6 "Ca-og mac 

i Of Cill-Sleibhe. The Four Mast. 
(921) state that Duibhlitir was of, or 
from, Cill-Sleibhe (Killevy, in the 
county of Armagh), and that he was 
slain by the Foreigners of Snamh 
Aighneach, or Carlingford Lough. 
Ann. Ult. also represent the Foreigners 
as being from Snamh Aighneach, and 
add that Duibhlitir was martyred by 

probable that the expression in the 
text, ".1. Cille Slebe" (i.e. "of 
Cill-Sleibhe"), should follow after 
the name " Duibhlitir." 

2 Tanist ; i.e. tanist- Abbot, or vice- 
Abbot. This is apparently the De- 
dimus whose deposition in favour of 
the Abbot Joseph is recorded under 
the year 901, supra. 

them at Cill-Sleibhe, on the occasion | Exprobraverunt. The Latin clause 
of their plundering the place. It is ! stands thus in the MS., ".u. aho uno 



Ui-Failghe, jugulatus est. Ligach, daughter of Flann, 
son of Maelechlainn, wife of the King of Bregh, i.e. Mael- 
niithidh, mortua est, ut dixit Gilla Mochuda : 

The daughter of Mann and Maelmuire 
A good woman was Ligach in her time ; 
Her children were the mild, festive Conghalach, 
And Aedh, son of the noble 

t)uibhlitir, Priest of Ard-Macha, was slain by the Foreign- 
ers, i.e. of Cill-Sleibhe. 1 Maeltuile, son of Colman, Lector 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Dedimus Ua Foirbthen, 
tanist 2 of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit; and Flann Fobhair 
vero anno uno interfuit, et omnes exprobraverunt. 3 

Kal. Ceallach, son of Cerbhall, son of Muirigen, Royal 
heir of Laighen, was slain by Donnchadh, son of Domhnall. 
Twelve hundred 4 Foreigners were drowned in Loch Rudh- 
raighe. Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, tanist- Abbot of 
Cluain-Iraird, and Royal heir of Temhair, was slain by 
his brother. Spealan, son of Congalach, King of Conaille, 
[was slain] by his own people. Foreigners on Loch Ribh, 
i.e. Colla, son of Barid, King of Luimnech, by whom 
Echtighern, son of Flannchadh, King of Breghmhaine, 
was slain. Birth of Brian, 5 son of Cennedigh. 

Kal. 6 Lorcan, son of Donnchadh, King of Bregh, moritur. 
Cathal, son of Conchobhar, King of the three divisions' of 
Connacht, moritur. Dubhgall, son of Aedh, Royal heir of 
Uladh, was slain by the Cinel Maeilche. Domhnall, son of 
Cathal, Royal heir of Connacht, was slain by his own 
brother, by Tadhg, son of CathaJ. Faelan, son of Muiredhach, 

interf*. et oem expbravert." The 
abbrev. "oem" is probably a mistake 
for "omnes." But in either case the 
entry appears unintelligible. 

4 Twelve hundred. Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise has "200;" but the Ann. Ult. 
have "900, aut amplius." 

Brian ; i.e. Brian Borumha. 
O'Flaherty prefixes the date 924. 

Kal. This is the year 925, ac- 
cording to O'F. 

i Divisions. The characters " R. 
Q.," for "Rig Connactic," "King 
of Connacht," are added in the marg. 
in the orig. hand. 








aolaii mac Tnuin.eT>hai5, Hi Laiccen, T>O 
jjabail -DO solicit) CCra cticrc [con] a maccaib. 

}ct. Colman mac CCibtla (.1. -oo Conaitlib TYluin.- 
semne ; if teif T>O fiine-o ^Oaimliag Cluana muc Noif), 
Ctuana muc Woip ec Ctuana 1n.aifiT), quieuir. 
*Oum Suobaifige T>O salient) tocha Cuan. Ofi- 
Cille "oapa T>O galloiB puifir Laifi^e. CC 
ap,it)ifi 6 CCc cbar ifin btiaT>ain ceT)na. CCfi na n 
DO cup. ta hUltcoib, -DU fio mapbra ocr cce-o la TTluifi- 
cepcac mac Weill, urn an Hi .1. CClb-oan mac 
ocuf CCupep. ocuf Hoilc. 

]ct. TYlaelbfii^De mac "Coyindm, comap,ba 
ocuf Coluim Cille, cern) cfia-obaT) Openn, uiram 
penilem -pimuiu, (uel quieuic). Sirfnuc .h. 1maip, Ri 
Pnngall ec Dubgall, mo|nt;u|i. aill CC^a cbac -DO 
ciol a heifimn. Oenac 'Caillcen T)O cumufcc T>O 
[TTIuiticen.T;ac] mac Well, um "Donncha-o, memb|ium 
imquum mobeT)ienf capnuo (uel capnui) imquo. 
Camttealban mac TDaoilcfiom, Ri taogaifte, mo|iit:u|i. 
posapmc mac Lachrnam, Ri 'Ceabca, mofiicup.. 

]ct. TDuifiseal, mgen plamn mic TTIaoileclamn, m 
feneccuce T>ir;iffima, quieuic a cCluam muc "Moif. 
Camec m^en Cana'Dam, Rigan Ri^ Tempach. pn- 
nachca CCbb Copcuige, quieun:. "OonnchoDh mac T)om- 
naill, Rn>amna an Tuaifseipc, a NofimaiTDif mtrep.- 

1 [Together untii^his sons, amcaib, 
A. B. ; apparently a mistake for con a 
rncaib (coua maccaib). The Ann. 
Four Mast. ^923) have "cona mac 
.1. Loyican," " with his son, i.e. 

* Quievit ; i.e. died. This word is 
transposed in the text, being placed 
between the names " Cluain-muc- 
Nois" and " Cluain-Iraird." O'F. 
prefixes the date 926. 

8 Slaughter. O'Flaherty has added 
a marg. note, now partially mutilated, 
" 28] Decembris, f eria 5, ut ha[bent] 

Dungall : Annal : [Liter]a Dominic : 
[A], 926." The Annals of the Four 
Mast, have the event under the year 
924; but they state that the battle 
took place "on the 28th of December, 
being Thursday," which would agree 
with the year 926. 

4 Maelbrighde. O'F. has added a 
marg. note, which is now mutilated 
and illegible. 

5 Capiti. A. and B. incorrectly read 


cctpciuo, the characters "Ci"("vel 
i") over the word, signifying that it 



King of Laighen, was captured by the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, [together with] his sons. 1 

Kal. Colman, son of Ailill, (i.e. of the Conaille Muir- 
themne; it was by him the stone church of Cluain-muc- 
Nois was made), Superior of Cluain-muc-Nois and of 
Cluain-Iraird, quievit. 2 Plundering of Dun-Suobhairce by 
the Foreigners of Loch Cuan. Plundering of Cill-dara by 
the Foreigners of Port-Lairge. It was again plundered 
from Ath-cliath in the same year. A slaughter 3 of the 
Foreigners was committed by the Ultonians, in which 
800 were slain by Muircertach, son of Niall, including the 
King i.e. Albdan, son of Gothfrith, and Aufer, and Roilt. 

Kal. Maelbrighde, 4 son of Tornan, successor of Patrick 
and Colum Cille, head of devotion of Erinn, vitam 
senilem finivit, (vel quievit). Sitric, grandson of Imhar, 
King of the Finn-Gaill and Dubh-Gaill, moritur. The 
Foreigners of Ath-cliath left Erinn. The Fair of Taillten 
was interrupted by [Muircertach], son of Niall, against 
Donnchadh ; membrum iniquum inobediens capiti 5 iniquo. 
Caindelbhan, son of Maelcroin, King of Laeghaire, moritur. 
Fogartach, son of Lachtnan, King of Teabhtha, moritur. 

Kal. 6 Muirgheal, daughter of Flann, son of Maelech- 
lainn, in senectute ditissima, 7 quievit at Cluain-muc-Nois. 
Cainech, daughter of Canadan, Queen of the King of 
Temhair. 8 Finnachta, Abbot of Corcach, quievit. Donn- 
chadh, son of Domhnall, Royal heir of the North, was 

should probably be captivL This 
curious testimony appears to have 
been borne of Muircertach, regarding 
whom the translator of the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, at the year 922 = 927, 
says, ' ' my author sayeth of Mortaugh 
that he was 'Membrum iniquum 
inobediens capiti iniquo.' " 

8 Kal O'F. prefixes the date 

7 In senectute ditigsima. In the 
translation of the Annals of Clonmac- 

noise (923=928), Muirgheal is stated 
to have died "-an old and rich woman." 
The death of her father, Flann, King 
of Ireland, is entered under the year 
915, supra. 

8 Temhair. After this word the 
orig. scribe adds, "a tegcdifi m 
pinna pit, a hdic;" i~e. "Reader, 
her place is not here ;" implying that 
the entry is out of place. He also adds 
the word -oefimaD, " forgetf ulness," 
in the marg. The obit of Cainech is 
entered under the next year. 







pecrup epc. Op^ain Cille T)apa T>O mac Corppit; 6 

]ct. "Cucrcal Onecam, Gppcop "Oaimba^ ocup 
Lupca, quieum Camec, m^en Cancroccin, Ri^an Ri 
T^empach, in pemcenma qineuit; ; ben "Oonnchafta mic 
lainn. T)iapman) mac Cepbaill, Ri Offtake, mopcuup 
epc. Cete mac Scannail, comafiba benncui|i, 
Bpfcop, quieuic. ^abail -pofi Loc Oifibpen -DO 
Luimm^, ocuf innpi an locha Tjap-^am T>oiB. 

]ct. Obfeffio *Defice -peyina ocuf a retail, ubi milte 
hommef mojutmrtifi. CCn, na n^all laobatxup. pop. Loc 
Oifibpen T)O cup. la ConnachroiB. 'gailt Luimm^ *DO 
^abail a TTIaig Rai|ne. 'Copolb TO ^abail pop Loc 
Ocac. Nua'oa Oppcop ^Imne "oa loca, quietus. 

]ct. ^aill Luimni T)O gabail -pop Loc Rit5. 'Cippai'oe 
mac CCmnpine T>e aib" bpium, Ppmcepp Cluana muc 
Noip, quieuic. Oacall Ciapam T>O ba'oha'b a Loc "CeceT), 
ec T>a pep .x. maille ppia, ocup a pa^bail pi po ce-ooip. 
Cpun-omaol, Gppcop Citle Tapa, quieuir. Cepnacan 
mac 'Cijepnail, Ri bpepne, mopicup. 

]ct. plann mac TTlaoilpinna, Ri bpe^, T>O mapba^ 
oa16 Ocac. Lom^pec .h. Lerlabaip, Ri T)dil CCpai-be, 
mopirup. Colla .h. baipi-oa, Ri Luimni%, mopisup. 

]ct. Raome^ pia "Pep^at mac "Oomnaill, ocup pia 
[8i5ppiT>] mac Uarmapam, pop TYluipcepsac mac Melt, 
DU accopcaip Tnaot^apb mac aipbi, Ri "Oeplaip 
ocup Conmdl mac bpuar^upam, er; alu. RaomeT* pia 
mac "Nell, co galloiB Locha Ocac, pop coce-o 

1 Gothfrith; i.e. Godfrey. Copc^uc 
(Cofthrith), for Cocp|iic, A.; Copc- 
PTXir, B. 

* Kal. This is the year 929, ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty. 

8 Canadan. "Canannan," Four 
Mast. (927=929). 

Kal. The correct year is 930, 
according to O'F. 

8 Perished, m., for mofinincufx 

(moriuntur), A.; moficui ptmc (mor- 
tui sunt), B. 

6 Kal O'F. prefixes the date 931. 

7 Tighernach. " Tighernan," Ann. 
Ult. and Four Mast. 

8 Maelsinna. " Maelfinnia," Four 
Mast. (930). This is the year 932, 
according to O'Flaherty's computa- 



slain by the Norsemen. Plundering of Cill-dara by the 
son of Gothfrith, 1 from Port Lairge. 

Kal. 2 Tuathal O'Enecain, Bishop of Daimhliag and 
Lusca, quievit. Cainech, daughter of Canadan, 3 Queen 
of the King of Temhair, in po3nitentia quievit : she was 
the wife of Donnchadh, son of Flann. Diarmaid, son of 
Cerbhall, King of Osraighe, mortuus est. Cele, son of 
Scannal, comarb of Bennchar, and Bishop, quievit. The 
Foreigners of Luimnech settled upon Loch Oirbsen, and 
the islands of the lake were plundered by them. 

Kal. 4 The siege and demolition of Derc-Ferna, where 
1,000 men perished. 5 A slaughter of the Foreigners 
who were on Loch Oirbsen was committed by the 
Connachtmen. The Foreigners of Luimnech settled in 
Magh Raighne. Torolb established himself upon Loch 
Echach. Nuadha, Bishop of Glenn-da-locha, quievit. 

Kal. 6 The Foreigners of Luimnech took up their 
station on Loch Ribh. Tipraide, son of Ainnsen, of the 
Ui Briuin, Superior of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. The 
crozier of Ciaran was drowned in Loch Teched, and twelve 
men along with it ; but it was found immediately. Crunn- 
mael, Bishop of Cill-dara, quievit. Cernachan, son of 
Tighernach, 7 King of Breifne, moritur. 

Kal. Flann, son of Maelsinna, 8 King of Bregh, was 
slain by the Ui-Echach. Loingsech Ua Lethlabhair, 
King of Dal-Araidhe, moritur. Colla, grandson 9 of Barid, 
King of Luimnech, moritur. 

Kal. A victory by Fergal, son of Domhnall, and by 
[Sigfridh], son of Uathmaran, over Muircertach, son of 
Niall, in which Maelgarbh, son of Gairbhith, King of. 
Derlas, and Conmal, son of Bruadaran, and others, 
were skin. A defeat by Daigh, 10 son of Niall, with the 

9 Grandson. Colla is called " son 
of Barid " at the year 923, supra. 

10 Daigh. " Conaing," Ann. Ult. 
and Four Mast., which is the correct 
name. Conmnj; (Conaing) is fre- 

quently written Ooing, the reversed 
C [o] being an abbrev. for Con ; and 
as when written in a loose and careless 
manner it resembles a T>, the mistake 
mav have so arisen. 









n Client), T>U fio ma^bra -oa ceT> T>ecc uel ampliup. 
-DO sabail ^op, toe b6fine cop. loire^an. it ruaa 
ecalpa, co toe ^amna. CCp/o TTlaca -oapsain TDO 
mac Soqaic o toe Cuan. HI ami-Dan mac CCoi>a co 
cmcce-D ervenn, ocuf Clmlaif> mac oBpiT; 50 
gup, opcacrap, 50 8lial5 bea, conuf ra|i|\ai 
ceyirach mac Nell, ^Ufi pa^fa-o -oa .ocx. -005 
angabail. Cuilen mac Ogyiam, Hi Offtake, 
bafiT) bone, p|iim pie eifierm, -DO mafiba-o T>O 1B Cop.maic 
.tl. n6cac. 

]ct. gaill tuimm| Dinn|ia'D Connachc 50 THa^ tuiyig 
po chuai-o, ocuf 50 ba-opia ^a\]\, ^ocbfiic Ri ^all 6 
fio T)oc|iaiT> "oo bee. 

]ct. Cinaoc mac Coifibfie, Hi .tl. cCinnfilai, t)0 
mafibat) TJO ^alloiB toca ^ 

|ct. "Duo hep.eT>ef par;|iicii .1. lopepb, fcyiiba et 
Gpifcopuf, ex: TTlaolpoxfiaic mac TTlaoilT:uile, Opfcop 
quieuejiunc. Cluain muc Woip -Dafi^ain 6 CC cbau. 
Ceallacan Caifil ocuf pyi TTluman -oa fla-o a|n-Dip. 
aill tocha 6ip,ne T>O recc -pop. toe Rit5. tofccai* CCca 
cliau o "Donncba-b mac "Plainn, 6 Ri "Cempacb. 

\Ct. 5 a1 ^ tocba RiB DO -oul DCXlc cliac. bfiucrcrxxfi 
mac "Ouibgille, Ri .tl. Cirmfiolai|;, mo|Hi:u|i. Cleipcen 
mac 'dgepnain, Ri bpeipne, mopirup,. 

]ct. pep^al mac "Oomnaill, Ri an 
TTlaelpacp-aic Bppcop 

i Fifth ofErinn. O'F. writes Ulf, 
for Ulxroh, over the word &yxenn, to 
signify that the "fifth," or " Province" 
of Ulidia was intended. The Ann. 
Ult. and the Four Mast, have "Uladh," 
or Ulidia, which was one of the 
five provinces into which Erinn was 
anciently divided. It is occasionally 
referred to in this Chronicle as coice*o 
Gfienn (coiced Erenn), " the fifth of 

1 Twtlvt, tcore. -on -xx. -oeg, A. B. 

This is also the expression in the Ann. 
Ult. (932=933); but Dr. O'Conor 
erroneously renders it by " 1200." 

8 Son of Oghran. O'F. corrects 
this to " son of Ceallach." Cuilen is 
called " son of Ceallach" in the Ann. 
Ult. and Ann. Four Mast., and also 
in the ancient List of the Kings of 
Osraighe, or Ossory, preserved in the 
.Boo of Leinster. 

Kal O'F. considers 934 to be 
the correct year. 



Foreigners of Loch-Echach, over the Fifth of Erinn, 1 in 
which 1,200, or more, were slain. The Foreigners 
established themselves on Loch Erne, so that they des- 
troyed many territories and churches, as far as Loch 
Gamhna. Ard-Macha was plundered by the son of Goth- 
frith, from Loch-Cuan. Madudhan, son of Aedh, with the 
Fifth of Erinn, 1 and Amhlaibh, son of Gothfrith, with the 
Foreigners, ravaged as far as Sliabh-Beatha, but Muir- 
certach, son of Niall, overtook them, and they lost twelve 
score 2 men and their spoils. Cuilen, son of Oghran, 3 King 
of Osraighe, moritur. Bard Bone, chief poet of Erinn, 
was killed by the Ui-Connaic of Ui-Echach. 

Kal. 4 The Foreigners of Luimnech ravaged Connacht 
as far as Magh Luirg northwards, and eastwards to 
Badhghna. Gothfrith, King of the Foreigners, died of a 
most grievous disease. 

Kal. 5 Cinaeth, son of Cairbre, King of Ui Cennsel- 
aigh, was slain by the Foreigners of Loch Garman. 

Kal. 6 Two heirs of Patrick, viz., Joseph, a scribe 
and Bishop, and Maelpatraic, son of Maeltuile, Bishop, 
quieverunt. Cluain-muc-Nois was pillaged from Ath- 
cliath. Ceallachan Caisil 7 and the men of Mumhain 
pillaged it again. The Foreigners of Loch-Erne went upon 
Loch-Ribh. Burning of Ath-cliath by Donnchadh, son 
of Flann, King of Temhair. 

Kal. The Foreigners of Loch-Ribh went to Ath- 
cliath. 8 Bruadar, son of Dubhgilla, King of Ui-Cennsel- 
aigh, moritur. Cleircen, son of Tighernan, King of 
Breifne, moritur. 

Kal. 9 Fergal, son of Domhnall, King of the North, 
moritur. Maelpatraic, Bishop of Lughmhagh, quievit. 


8 Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 935. 

Kal. The year 936 has been noted 
in the marg. by O'F. 

7 Ceallachan Caisil, or Callaghan of 
CasheL The letters R. M., for "Rex 

Momonise," have been added in the 
marg. by O'F. 

Ath-cliath. CCt, B. O'F. makes 
this the year 937. 

Kal. The correct year is 938, 
according to O'F. 







Concupap mac TDaoilcen, Ri .Tl. ppoilge, ec a t>a mac, 
DO mapbai) la Lopcan mac "Paolain. Ceall Cuibnn 
oapsam la hCCmlaio' mac Coppi, ec -Dec cei> T>O bpait> 
TK) bpec eipce. 

jet. T)a pola poppan ngpem o ropach laoi 50 
metton laoi ap na mapac. Tx>ail CCili| pop. TTluip- 
oepcach mac Mell, 6 ^ennB, ec a ip^abdil T)oi?i, ^up 
puaplaicc "Dia uar;aiB. Pp TDuman er, t um, Ceallacan 
co n^alloiB T>ap5ain THiT)e ocup Cluana eiT>nec, ocup 
Cille aiceT) [er] 50 Cluam IpaipT). "pinacT>a mac 
Ceallai^, comapba "Oaipe, [quietnc]. TTlaiDm pia Con- 
^alach mac TTIaoilmici'D pop ^ailen^aiB, -DU araopcaip 
npi .xx, "oiob. T)omnall mac Lopcdin, Ri CCiT>ne, quieuic 
a cCluain muc "Moip. Canom paDpaic -DO cunroac la 
"Oonncha-5 mac Hell. 

]ct. luaie'5 la "OonnchaTi .H. TTlaoileclainn, ocup 
la TTluipceprach mac "Mell, co Laigm^ ip co pipa 
TDuman, ^up ^abpar) an^ialla. CCpalc mac .Tl. 1maip 
-i. mac 8icpic, Ri $all Luimnig, T>O mapba'S la Con- 
Miall mac ^ep^aile, RiDamna Cdli%, T>O 
la fHuipceprac mac "Nell. Lann, ingen 
"Oonncha-oa, Rigan Ri CCili, moprua epc. CoibT>enac, 
Cb Cille acaiT), T>O boDhat) a 

|ct. ^mll 1 nlmp TTlocca iap lee ega, 
Ihi TDuipcep^ac mac Mell, co pepaib an [pjocla 
Ope^, 7)0 T)ul atxip n Oppose. CCmlaiB mac 
Hi Pnngall ocup T)up^all, mopcuup epc. dp na 
oo cup la Ceallchan ec la pepaiB TTlumhan, T>ti 
oa mile. TDupcablac la TTluipcepcach 

(937 = 939) state that the person who 
had the Canoin-Phadraig covered was 
" Donnchadh, son of Flann, King of 
Ireland," which is probably correct. 

1 KtU. O'F. prefixes the date 939. 

2 'Ganoin Padraig ; " Canon of 
Patrick;" t.e. the ancient MS. now 
known as the Book of Armagh, about 

3 Covered. "Do qmTXic, for T>O 
cunroach, A. T>o a|xniT)ac, B. 
' Son *>f Nlall. The Four Mast, 

to be edited by the Rev. Dr. Reeves. * ' F ' 8u PP lie9 the date " 940 ' " 

6 Lann. She is called "Flann" in the 

Ann. Ult. (939), and Four Mast. (938) ; 
but "Flann" is more frequently used 
as a man's name, whereas "Latin 1 ' J'H 



Conchobhar, son of Maelchen, King of Ui-Failghe, and his 
two sons, were slain by Lorcan, son of Faelan. Cill- 
Cuilinn was plundered by Amhlaibh, son of Gothfrith, 
and 1,000 captives were taken out of it. 

Kal. 1 The sun was of the colour of blood from the 
beginning of one day to the middle, of the day following. 
The demolition of Ailech against Muircertach, son of Niall, 
by the Gentiles, and he was captured by them, but God 
released him from them. The men of Mumhain, and (or, 
along with) Ceallachan, with the Foreigners, plundered 
Midhe, and Cluain-eidhnech, and Cill-aichedh, [and] as 
far as Cluain-Iraird. Finnachda, son of Ceallach, comarb 
of Daire, [quievit]. A victory gained by Congalach, son 
of Maelmithidh, over the Gailenga, in which three score 
of them were slain. Domhnall, son of Lorcan, King of 
Aidhne, quievit at Cluain-muc-Nois. The Canoin Padraig 2 
was covered 3 by Donnchadh, son of Niall. 4 

Kal. 5 A hosting by Donnchadh Ua Maeilechlainn, and 
by Muircertach, son of Niall, to the Lagenians and to the 
men of Mumhain, and they received their pledges. Aralt, 
son of the grandson of Imhar, i.e. son of Sitric, King of 
the Foreigners of Luimnech, was killed by the Connacht- 
men. Niall, son of Fergal, Royal heir of Ailech, was 
killed by Muircertach, son of Niall. Lann, 6 daughter of 
Donnchadh, the King of Ailech's Queen, mortua est. 
Coibhdenach, Abbot of Cill-achaidh, was drowned in the 
sea of Delg-mis. 

KaL 7 Foreigners went into Inis-Mochta, over the ice, 
so that they plundered it. Muircertach, son of Niall, with 
the men of the [F]ochla, and of Bregh, went into the 
territory of Osraighe. Amhlaibh, son of Gothfrith, King 
of the Finn-Gaill and Dubh-Gaill, mortuus est. A slaughter 
of the Deise was committed by Ceallachan and the men 
of Mumhain, when 2,000 were slain. A fleet was 





always found in the Annals as the 
name of a woman. 

7 Kal. O'F. considers this the year 


cvioNicum scoronum. 

mac Nell 50 rcu^ op^am a hmpib CClban. CCp, 
DO cup. la .Tl. ppoilge .1. la hOCmipsin mac dnao-oa, 
ocup la Cinel piachac, ocup T>a ceT> T>ecc T>O mapba-o 
am> a 171 ai$ Ceipi. Oplaic m^en CinneiTM'o mic topcam 
DO bap la "Oonncha-D mac plamn, Hi /ip.enn, lap, na 
IIUT> -pop. CCongup, pop. a mac. TYluipceprac mac "Neill 
DO "Dili 50 Caipol, T>O 0151-0 fiaraipf poii Ceallacan 
Hi Caipl, 50 Txug Ceallacan leip 50 T^dfi-D a laim 
*0onncha[t>a] mic plamn, Hi Gipenn e. 

]ct. *t)uncbaf 6pfcop Cluana muc "Moip, qmeuic. 
"Paolan mac TTluipe'Dhai^, Hi Lai^ben, 7>ecc -Dep^op. 
T)a mac Lopcan mic "Duncba-ba T>O mapbat* la Con- 
galacb mac TTlaoilmirbi'D. Cluain muc "Moip 
DO ^alloiB CCrba cliac ocup T>O blacaifie mac 
"Ounplan: ingen TTlaoilmicbiT), mopirup. Op^am *0tnn 
lee ^laipi la mac Hagnaill, ec mac Ha^naill T>O mapbaD 
la TTla-ou'Dan, la Hi Ula-o, p^e cenn peccmume, ppi 
enec pd'opaicc. 

]cb TTluipcepcach mac Well, HiT>amna h Often n, -DO 
map.baT ac CC piptna 7>o ^alloiB CCra cliac ; ocup 
opgam CCipT) TTlaca o ^ennB. Carpaoine-D p.e .tl. 
Can an n am, la HuaiT>pi, -pop, Cinel n 60501 n co n^alloiB 
Loca peabail, ubi mula ceci-Dep-unr, um TTlaelp-uanai-D 
mac plamn, Hi^Domna an Tmaipsepe. "Oublena ingen 
"Ci^ep-nam Hig bp^eipne, ben Hig T^empach .1. "Oonncha-oa 
mic plamn, mopir;up.. 

1 Orlaith. Latinised "Aurelia" by 
O'F. in the marg. This entry is rather 
obscure, owing to an apparent corrup- 
tion of the text. The word "bap" 
seems intended for "bapuga-o," 
"putting to death," the sign of 
abbrev. being omitted. Orlaith was 
the wife of Donnchadh. 

2 Pledges; i.e. for his submission to 
the Monarch of Ireland, against whose 
supremacy Ceallachan had offended 
by the devastation of Midhe, or Meath, 
two years before. 

3 Kal O'Flaherty has prefixed the 
date " 942." 

4 A fall The Ann. Four Mast. 
(940) add that the accident happened 
to Faelan at " Aenach-Colmain," or 
" Colman's Fair," which was anciently 
celebrated on the Curragh of Kildare. 

5 Blacaire, Cctifxe (Caire), B. 

6 The son of Raghnall. B. adds 
"apif a mac" ("and his son"). 
The words "ec mac" ("and son") 
are also repeated in A., but a line is 



fitted out by Muircertach, son of Niall, and he brought 
plunder from the islands of Alba. A slaughter of the 
Foreigners was committed by the Ui-Failghe, i.e. by 
Aimhirgin, son of Cinaedh, and by the Cinel Fiachach, 
and 1,200 were slain therein, in Magh Ceisi. Orlaith, 1 
daughter of Cennedigh, son of Lorcan, was put to 
death by Donnchadh, son of Flann, King of Erinn, after 
having intrigued with Aengus, his son. Muircertach, 
son of Niall, went to Caisel, to exact pledges 2 from 
Ceallachan, King of Caisel, and he brought Ceallachan 
with him, and delivered him into the hands of Donn- 
cha[dh], son of Flann, King of Erinn. 

Kal. 3 Dunchadh, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 
Faelan, son of Muiredhach, King of Laighen, died of a fall. 4 
Two sons of Lorcan, son of Dunchadh, were killed by 
Congalach, son of Maelmithidh. Cluain-mue-Nois was 
plundered by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, and by 
Blacaire, 5 son of Gothfrith. Dunflaith, daughter of Mael- 
mithidh, moritur. Plundering of Dun-leth-glaise by the 
son of Raghnall ; and the son of Raghnall 6 was killed by 
Madudhan, King of Uladh, before the end of a week, in 
revenge of Patrick. 7 

Kal. Muircertach, son of Niall, Royal heir of Erinn, 
was killed 8 at Ath-Firdhia by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath ; 
and the plundering of Ard-Macha by Gentilea A battle 
gained by Ua Canannain, i.e. Ruaidhri, over the Cinel 
Eoghain, together with the Foreigners of Loch Feabhail, 
in which many fell, including Maelruanaidh, Royal heir 
of the North. Dubhlena, daughter of Tighernan, King 
of Breifne, wife of the King of Temhair, i.e. of Donnchadh, 
son of Flann, moritur. 

drawn under them, to signify that 
they are to be omitted. 

7 In revenge of Patrick, 'pfii enec 
Pcsofuiicc (fri enech Padraicc); lit, 
"towards the honour of Patrick." 

* Killed. O'F. prefixes the date 

943, and adds the marg. note (in A.) 
"26 Feb., War. Ant., p. 132," to sig- 
nify that Ware (Antiq. ed. 1658, p. 
132) refers the killing of Muircertach, 
or Murtough, to the year and day in- 






jet. Cocpaome'o fie Ceallacan Caipil pop CinneT>i 
mac Lopcam 1 TTluis T>ume, ubi muto ceciT>epunt;. 
plairbeprac mac Imanam, Hi Caipil, quieuir. uaipe 
mac TTlailacain, pa^apc Cluanu [muc "Noip], quieuir. 
Opgam CCca cba T>O Conjalac mac TYlaoilmichi'b co 
ppepaib bpeg, ec bpaen mac TTlailmopT)a 50 Laiput), 
T)U arxoficjiaTxap ceqaa ce-o -DO ^alloiB 05 ^abdil an 
-Dume, gufi Loifccfit; e, ocuf co Tiu^fat: af a -peo-oa 
ocup a maine ocuf a b|iar;a. Conn mac "Oonnchaiia, 
RigDamna 'Cemyiach, -no mafibaxt tvpenxnt!) pe|inmaie 
.1. a ec x>ia ^um. 'Donncha'D mac plainn mic TTlaoilec- 
lainn, Hi Gfienn pope annoy* -ocxu. m yiegno, mop.irup. 
Congalac mac TnaoilmirhiT> fie^ncrc. 

]ct. 5 a1 ^ Locha 6cac DO man-baft imon Ri|, 
immb|ieifi, la *Oomnall mac TTluipcefirais Hi Well. 
Oen^uf mac "Oonncha-Da mic ptamn, Hi TTliT)e, mo|ncup.. 
*0ia colamam cent;iT>e -opai^fin fec^mam ^11 a 8am am, 
Sup, poillpi%piT; an bic uile. ell Connachc la Con- 
galach mac maoilmn:hiT>. 

]ct. CCimeppn mac Cmae-oa, Hi .h. ppoilge, mopi- 
cun.. TDomnall mac TTlaoilmtiai'D, Hi Luigne Connachc, 
[occipup epc] o mac Uarmapam mic "Dobailen, ocup o 
Copco [pi]pcpi. 

]ct. Carpaome-D pe "Oonncha'oh mac Ceallai, Hi 
Oppai^e, pop Laigmb, T>U arxopcaip bpaon mac TTlaoil- 
mopT>a, Hi Laigen, cum mulnp, ec Ceallach mac 
Cmao-ba, Hi .h. cdnnpealaigh. CCnnup mipabilium, 

1 Kal The correct year is 944, ac- 
cording to O'F. 

8 With the men. co jrpefi, for co 
ppefictib, A. co i?pectTi, B. 
* He died, aec, A. B., for a c. 

4 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

6 Ua Neitt. This is the first men- 

tion of Ua Neill, or O'Neill, as a 
hereditary surname, in the Irish 

6 Was slain. There being a slight 
omission in the text, and the entry 
manifestly implying the death of 
Domhnall, by violence, the words 
"occisus est" have been supplied. 
The Annals of the Four Masters (944) 



Kal. 1 A battle was gained by Ceallachan Caisil 
over Cennedigh, son of Lorcan, at Magh-duine, where 
many fell. Flaithbhertach, son of Imhanan, King of 
Caisel, quievit. Guaire, son of Maelacain, Priest of 
Cluain[-muc-Nois], quievit. Plundering of Ath-cliath by 
Congalach, son of Maelmithidh, with the men 2 of Bregh, 
and Braen, son of Maelmordha, with the Lagenians ; when 
400 Foreigners were slain at the taking of the fort, 
which they (the assailants) burned, and they took 
therefrom its precious things, and its goods and spoils. 
Conn, son of Donnchadh, Royal heir of Temhair, was 
slain by the men of Fernmhagh, i.e. he died 3 of his wounds. 
Donnchadh, son of Flann, son of Maelechlainn, King of 
Erinn, after having been 25 years in the sovereignty, 
moritur. Congalach, son of Maelmithidh, reigns. 

Kal. 4 The Foreigners of Loch-Echach were slain, along 
with their King, in a battle, by Domhnall, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Neill. 5 Oengus, son of Donnchadh, son of 
Flann, King of Midhe, moritur. Two fiery columns were 
seen a week before Allhallowtide, which illuminated the 
whole world. The pledges of Connacht were taken by 
Congalach, son of Maelmithidh. 

Kal. Aimhirgin, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui Failghe, 
moritur. Domhnall, son of Maelmhuaidh, King of Luighne 
of Connacht, [was slain 6 ] by the son of Uathmaran, son 
of Dobhailen, and by the Corco-[Fi]rtri. 

Kal. A battle was gained by Donnchadh, son of 
Ceallach, King of Osraighe, over the Lagenians, in which 
were slain Braen, son of Maelmordha, King of Laighen, and 
Ceallach, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, with 
many more. A year of prodigies, i.e. in which the Leaf 7 






state that he died a natural death. 
O'F. prefixes the date "946." 

7 The Leaf. "OtnUenn. In the 
Bodleian Annals of Inisf alien this Leaf 
is stated to have descended on the 

altar of Imlech-Ibhair, now Emly, in 
the co. Tipperary. But Dr. O'Conor 
translates the word "-otiillerm," 
"pluvia." See his ed. of the Ann. 
Inisfal., ad an. 931, rectt 947. 



1*0 efc Oceania an oinllenn *oo mm ee aceti'ocai'o an 
Cete "Oe *oon painfige aiToep *oo pfioceps *oo aoi*oelait5. 
jet. blacain.e .Tl. Imain., Hi Nojiman-oofium, *oo 
mafiba'o qae cel^, 50 *oaoinit5 mrobail!) .1. mile, la 
Con^alac mac TDaoilmirhi-o. CCmmifie .n. Carlam 
*otli mic Uaif TYlit>e, Pfimcepp Cluana muc "Noif, 
quieuic. ^o]implair m^en plamn mic TDaoileclamn, 
m pemcenna excen^a obnc. C^eac laf na galloiB 

ocuf -oecnepa^ 

mic "Nell, 
o Cinel Conaill. 

oayi D|iuim 

an. feachc .ocx. ann. 

]ct. plai^befirac mac 
RiT>amna "Cemfiacb, iU5lar;uf 
"Oomnall mac pnn RiT>amna 
cach mac "Oonnagdn, Hi 
mac 656^015, CCificmnecb 

mo|iiT:ufi. Oena^an 
qui -puir 

manuf acatn Cumn na mbocr;, epfcop Cluana rauc 

]ct. "Oonncba'D mac T)omnaill .Tl. TTlaoileclainn, 
Hioamna "Cem^ac, lu^ulacuf efc 6 penpal ^or; mac 
CCongUfa. Cloi^ec Slame T>O lof^a-o T>O ^ennB, cona 
Ian TO T)aoinit5 ann .1. im Conecan peiilegmn 8lame. 
TTlaDti'Dan mac CCoT>a, Hi tllaT), a finf occifUf efr. 
Cac TYltnne bjiocan eiT)i|i ^alloiB er; aeiT>elit5, 7)6 
ar^;o|icai|i HuaiT)|ii 6 Can ann am appinrguin an cara, 
er; T>ti acr:o|icbai|i lie T>O ^alloiB. ocpfiiT; pupc. 
Con^alacb mac TTlaoilmicbi'D mc^on. puic. "Oonncha^ 
mac "Oomnaill, lee fii TniT)e, moinrun. Cfiec la Con- 
^alacb mac TnaoilmirbTD fin TTlumam, ^up. 
TTlumban ocup gup ma^ip T>a mac Cm n 6*015 - 1 - 

1 To instruct. -DO pinopcec, for 
-DO pfU)cepc, or r>o pp,ocecc, A. B. 
O'F. adds the date 947. 

Garmfaith. O'Flaherty has added 
the words " Regina Hiberaise " in the 
marg. in A. She was thrice widowed, 
having been first married to Cormac 
Mac Cuilcnnain, King of Munster, who 
was killed in 907; and, secondly, to 

Cerbhall, King gf Leinster, slain in 
909; her third husband being her 
cousin, King Xiall Glundubh, killed 
in 919. "After all which royall mar- 
riadges," observes the translator of the 
"shee begged from doore to doore, 
forsaken of all her freinds and allies, 
and glad to bee relieved by her in- 



came from Heaven, and the Cele-Dd was wont to come 
across the sea, from the south, to instruct 1 the GaeidheL 

Kal. Blacaire, grandson of Imhar, King of the Norse- 
men, was treacherously slain, together with many men, 
viz., 1,000, by Congalach, son of Maelmithidh. Ainmire 
Ua Cathalain, of the Ui-mic-Uais of Midhe, Superior 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Gormflaith, 2 daughter of 
Flann, son of Maelechlainn, died in great penitence. 
A preying expedition by the Foreigners through Druim- 
raithe, so that they burned the oratory and seven score 
and ten persons in it. 

Kal. 3 Flaithbhertach, son of Muircertach, son of Niall, 
Royal heir of Temhair, was slain by the Cinel Conaill. 
Domhnall, son of Finn, Royal heir of Laighen, moritur. 
Fogartach, son of Donnagan, King of Airghiall, moritur. 
Oenagan, son of Egertach, Airchinnech of Eglais-beg, 
who was "germanus atavi" of Conn-na-mbocht, Bishop of 
Cluain-muc-Nois, [quievit]. 

Kal. Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Ua Maeilechlainn, 
Royal heir of Temhair, 4 was slain by Fergal Got, son of 
Aengus. The belfry of Slane was burned by Gentiles, 
with its full of people in it, including Conecan, Lector of 
Slane. Madudhan, son of Aedh, King of Uladh, was slain 
by his own people. The battle of Muine-Brocan between 
Foreigners and Gaeidhel, in which Ruaidhri O Canannain 
was slain in the heat of the battle, and in which many 
Foreigners perished. Gothfrith fled. Congalach, son of 
Maelmithidh, was the victor. Donnchadh, son of Domh- 
nall, half-King of Midhe, moritur. An expedition by Conga- 
lach, son of Maelmithidh, into Mumhain, and he plundered 
lar-Mumhain, and killed two sons of Cennedigh, viz., 

feriours." O'F. makes this the year 

Kal. O'Flaherty prefixes the date 

* Royal heir of Temhair. "R[ex] 
Midise;" marg. note by O'F. The 

heir apparent to the sovereignty of 
Temhair, or Tara (i.e. of Ireland), 
when of the southern branch of the 
Ui Neill, or Hy Neill, seems to have 
been regarded as ex officio King of 






CROW cum 8cot;outmi. 

ocuf "Oonnacan. Ruaficc .t). Laegacan, Ri fpen. Cut 
'Ceabta, mofinrufi. 

jet. CCo'5 mac TnaoilfiuanaiT>, fii57)amna 'Gemn.acb, 
lusularu-p efc 6 "Oomnall mac "Oonncba-oba. becc 
mac Thnnncuamn, Ri 'Ceabra, mofucufi. CmneTus 
mac Lojicain, Ri T)dil cCaif, mofiicufi. opn.i mac 
T>O sabcnl CCa cliac, ocup T)ap.5aiTi Cenannfa 
"Oomnai^ pa7>fiais, ocup CCi^T) bfieacam, ocuf 
TAnlen, ocuf "Difific Cia|iain, ocup Cille ci|ie, veT) 
T)eup umTucauit: ; mofiruuf eft: m bjieui rempojie ; 
ubi cap^a -punt: qua millia bominum cum maocima 
aufii er; aji^en^i. Saoifie Cluana IjiaijTo 6 Con^alacb 
mac TYlaoilmicbiT). 

]ct. ptann .h. beccan, CCijicbinecb T)yioma cbab, 
mo|iir;u|i. Concupap, mac "Domnaill .h. TTIaoiteclainn 
[T>O mafiba-o la a cenel peiffin]. peji-Domnacb .tl. 
TTlaonai^, CCbb Cluana muc Noip, quieuic .1. 1 n^linn 
oa loca mofiruuf .1. 7>o Cojica TTlo^a. "Domnall "Donn 
mac Donncba-Da, RigDamna 'Cemyiacb, mop.iT:u|i; arai|i 
TDaoil-peclamn TTloi|i. 

]ct. Cluam muc Noip T>a|i5ain 7)^611016 Tnuman 
50 nalloi!5 Luimm^b. Crcne, ben Con^alai^ mic 
.1. m^en pen.^aile, CCifiT>fii5 Ofieann, 
THaolcoluim mac *0omnaill, Ri CClban, a 

Ceallacan, Ri Caipl, mojiicufu CCo^ mac 
Ri Caifibfie moijie ocuf "Oa|iT:fiai5e, a fuif 
fr]. Celecaip, mac Robajitxns T>O 1B mic 

Uaif miT>e, como|iba pmnam ocuj" Ciajiain, quieuic. 

Robafirach comafiba Coluim Cille, quieuic. "Niall .fl. 

1 Donnacan, " Donnchuan," Four 
Mast. " Donchwan," Ann. Clonmac- 
noig, (Mageoghegan's transl.*). 

1 Kal. The correct year is 951, ac- 
cording to O'F. 

1 Tribe. The nature of Conchobh- 

ar's death being omitted in A. and B., 
the liberty has been taken of supplying, 
in the text, the clause in brackets from 
the Ann. Four Mast. (950=952). 

* Corca-Mogha. The portion of 
thia entry from "i.e." to the end is 

added as a gloss in A., over the name 
of Ferdomhnach. It is transposed in 
B., in which it is placed after the 
entry immediately preceding. O'F. 
prefixes the date 952. 

5 Daughter ofFergal. These words 
are slightly misplaced in the text. 

O'Flaherty considers thia the year 

8 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
954 as the correct date. 

7 King of Caisel. ' ' Rex Momonise, " 
marg. note, O'F. 



Echtighern and Donnacan. 1 Ruarc Ua Laeghachan, A.D. 
King of Feara-Cul-Teabhtha, moritur. [949.1 

Kal. 2 Aedh, son of Maelruanaidh, Royal heir of Tern- [950. J 
hair, was slain by Domhnall, son of Donnchadh. Becc, 
son of Donncuan, King of Teabhtha, moritur. Cenne- 
digh, son of Lorcan, King of Dal-Cais, moritur. Gothfrith, 
son of Sitric, took possession of 'Ath-cliath, and plundered 
Cenannus, and Domhnach-Padraig, and Ard-Brecain, and 
Tulen, and Disert-Ciarain, and Cill-Scire, (but God took 
vengeance, for he died shortly after), on which occasion 
3,000 men were taken prisoners, together with an enor- 
mous quantity of gold and silver. The freedom of Cluain- 
Iraird was granted by Congalach, son of Maelmithidh. 

Kal. Flann Ua Beccan, Airchinech of Druim-cliabh, [951.] 
moritur. Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Ua Maelechlainn, 
[was killed by his own tribe 3 ]. Ferdomhnach Ua Maen- 
aigh, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit; i.e. in Glenn-da- 
locha he died ; viz., he was of the Corca-Mogha. 4 Domhnall 
Donn, son of Donnchadh, Royal heir of Temhair, father of 
Maelsechlainn M6r, moritur. 

Kal. Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered by the men of [952.] 
Mumhain, with the Foreigners of Luimnech. Eithne, i.e. 
daughter of Fergal, 5 wife of Congalach, son of Maelmithidh, 
chief King of Erinn, moritur. Maelcoluim, son of Domh- 
nall, King of Alba, a suis occisus est. 

Kal. 6 Ceallachan, King of Caisel, 7 moritur. Aedh, [953.] 
son of Gairbhith, King of Cairbre-m6r and Dartraighe, a 
suis [occisus est]. Celechair, son of Robhartach, of the 
Ui-mic-Uais of Midhe, comarb of Finnan and Ciaran, 
quievit. Robhartach, comarb of Colum Cille, quievit. 


plai Ctnjicne,;up., a quo Cafin -P. 
c"Golaificc -pofi bfiu Locu RiB. 

]ct. Sluai|eT la "Oomnall mac TY)uip.cev>.t;ai;, 50 
lon^aiB, poji Loch Cifine. t)unaT>ac mac 6fe6|iT:ai5 
Gpjxjop Cluana muc Noip, qtneuiT;. 

]ct. Conjaluc mac TTlaoilrmrhiT), Hi eijienn, T>O 
majiba-o con a fii 057101 & T>O ^altoiB CCua cbar, ocuf la 
taifli$ ocuf CCcm [mac] CCicci-oe, Ri "Ceabra, ocuf 
TTIat)UT>an mac CCo-oa mic TTlaoilmichi-D, ocuf Cojimac 
mac Ca^alam Tli ppefi nCCjvoa. TTlaonac comayiba 
quieuic. 'Ca'os mac Carail, Ri Connachr, 

]ct. Ca^Ufach mac "Ooiligen, comafiba 

6pfcop ^aoiT>eal, qtneuic. TT1 aolpocafirai^, Ri 
mo|nt:tifi. TDaelcoltum .h. Canannain, Ri Cinel 
Conaill, mo|iiT:u|i. plann mac CCoT>o5ain, comajiba 
^Imne T>a loca, quieuic. TTluifieT)ach -h. Lachrnam, 
Ri 'Cebra, mofucup. 

]ct. 'Canaiffi ^nc hUi-Diii, comayiba Com^aill, -DO 
mafibaf> T>O galloiB. "Cuachal mac U^aiyie, Ri 

Cluam muc "Noip 'oayi^am opeyiaiB TDumhan. 
"Dub-ouin comojiba Colaim Cille, quieuit:. "Oup-oa- 
baifienn mac "Oomnaill, Ri Caifil, a -puip occifUf efc. 
8luaicceT> la "Oomnall mac TTlui|iceiiT:ai5 50 T)al 
nCCp.aiT>e, 50 cru^ palla af. Cacmo^ P|iincepf Lif 

er Opfcop Coficai^e, [quieuin]. 
]ct. plais mo|i poyi ininliB la fneachra ocuf 

1 Kal. The correct year is 955, 
according to O'F. 

2 Comarb of Patrick; i.e. successor 
of Patrick, and consequently Abbot, 
or Bishop, of Armagh. O'F. prefixes 
the date "957." 

King of Caisd. The letters " |V 
TT1." are written in the marg. in the 

orig. hand, to signify that Maelfo- 
thartaigh was "ju niumnan," i.e. 
" King of Mumhain," or Munster, the 
Kings of Caisel, or Cashel, being 
always so accounted. 

4 Son of Odhar. "Mac Uidhir." 
This is the first appearance in the 
Annals of the name of Mac Uidhir, 
now written MacGuire, or Maguire. 



Niall Ua Tolairg, Chief of Cuircne, (a quo Carn-Ui- 
Tolairg on the brink of Loch Kibh), moritur. 

KaL l An expedition by Domhnall, son of Muircertach, 
with ships, on Loch Erne. Dunadhach, son of Egertach, 
Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 

Kal. Congalach, son of Maelmithidh, King of Erinn, 
was slain, together with his chieftains, by the Foreigners 
of Ath-cliath and by the Lagenians ; and Aedh, [son] of 
Aichtidhe, King of Teabhtha, and Madudhan, son of Aedh, 
son of Maelmithidh, and Cormac, son of Cathalan, King of 
Feara-Arda, were slain. Maenach, comarb of Finnen, 
quievit. Tadhg, son of Cathal, King of Connacht, 

Kal. Cathusach, son of Doilgen, comarb of Patrick, 2 
sage-Bishop of the Gaeidhel, quievit. Maelfothartaigh, 
King of Caisel, 3 moritur. Maelcoluim Ua Canannain, 
King of Cinel Conaill, moritur. Flann, son of Aedhagan, 
comarb of Glenn-da-locha, quievit. Muiredhach Ua 
Lachtnain, King of Teabhtha, moritur. 

Kal. Tanaise^ son of Odhar, 4 comarb of Comgall, was 
slain by Foreigners. Tuathal, son of Ugaire, King of 
Laighen, moritur. 5 

Kal. Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered by the men of 
Mumhain. Dubhduin, comarb of Colum Cille, quievit. 
Dubhdabhairenn, son of Domhnall, King of Caisel, 6 a suis 
occisus est. A hosting by Domhnall, son of Muircertach, 
to Dal-Araidhe, from which he carried off hostages. 
Cathmogh, Superior of Lis-mor and Bishop of Corcach, 

Kal. A great mortality brought upon cattle, by snow 








The Christian name of this ecclesiastic 
is written "Tanaidhe" in the Ann. 
Ult. and Four Mast, and "Taney" 
in Mageoghegan's translation of the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, O'F. adds 
the date "958" in the margin. 

8 Moritur. Omitted in B. 

King of Caisel. O'F. has written 
" R. M." for Rex Moraonite," in the 
marg., and added the year " 959 " as 
the correct date. 


cnoMicurn scoixmum. 

-o mac Clepi, Rig Caipil, a pinp 
oca pup ept. 

]ct. Cpec ta plai^beptac mac Concupaip, la 
nCCiliS, a nT)al nCCpaiiie, guji in-oip Con-oepe, 
tHai) poppa, gup mapbai* ann, ocup a T>a t>epbbparaip 
.1. 'Ca-og ocup Conn. 1lluU5, Hi CClban, mopirup. 
Oengup.Tl. TnaoiVoopait), Hi dnel Conaill, lugularuf. 
TTlu^fion .h. TTlaoilmuai'D, Hi ppep. cCeall, 

]ct. ^orpynr; mac CCmtaib, mofii^uia. Caomcom^acc 
mac mac Cup,ain, Pp.mcepf T^efinaish Cluana hGoaif, 
fui Oppcop, quietus. Longa la TDomnall mac TTluifi- 
cep.T;ai5 -oe TDaball cap. Sbat5 puaic co toe nCCmmn, 
quo-D non paccum ept; ance. Gignec mac "Oalai, Hi 
, ocup a mac, -DO mapbaT> 7>a bpaT:haip, T>O 
, ocup a map-bai) pen po ceT)6ip. 6 Ua 
Cananndm. ^um T)onnchaT)a mic Ceallacham, H,i 
Caipil. pep^al .tl. Ruaipc a pi^e Connachc, ocup 
maiTm na Caicmce leip ap TDuimnechiB, ocup T)dl 
cCaip 7)ap5ain DO. 

]ct. Ceall T>apa -captain T>O ^alloib CC^a cba^, 
ocup T)CCmlaib mac 8iT:piucca. TTluipenn m^en mic 
Colmdm, CCbbani-pa Cille -oapa, quieuic. CCpcalc 
mop ocup uachr; ocup repca ea. ITIuipcepcac mac 
(t .h.) Canannam, Ri Cinel Conaill, a puip lu^ula^up. 
T)ubp5Uile mac CmaoTa, comapba Coluim Cille, 
TDuipcepcach mac Congalai| mic TTlaoil- 
, occipup epr; a ppacpe puo .1. la "Oomnall, 
mpebcncep- TTlaolpuanai'D .11. Sgnecam, Hi dnel 

1 Occisus est. O'F. intimates, in a 
note, that this event occurred in the 
year 961, though he prefixes the date 
960 to the preceding record. 

* Illulbh; i.e. Ildulf, or Indulph, son 
of Constantino. 

3 Son of Mac-Curain. "Son of 
Curan," Ann. Four Mast. (961). 

* Successor. Pfuncepp (Princeps), 

A.B.; but the word comajlba, "heir 
or successor," would have been more 
correct. O'F. prefixes the date 962. 
5 King of Caisel. O'F. adds the 
letters " R. M.,"for "Rex Momonise," 
in the marg. in A., to signify that 
Donnchadh was King of Munster, to 
which the title " King of Caisel," or 
Cashel, was equivalent. But Dr. 
Todd has proved that Donnchadh 



and distempers. Fergraidh, son of Clerech, King of Caisel, 
a suis occisus est. 1 

Kal. A preying expedition by Flaithbhertach, son of 
Conchobhar, King of Ailech, into Dal-Araidhe, and he 
plundered Connor; but the Ulidians overtook him, and 
he was slain there, together with his two brothers, viz., 
Tadhg and Conn. Illulbh, 2 King of Alba, moritur. 
Oengus Ua Maeildoraidh, King of Cinel Conaill, jugulatus. 
Mughron Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, moritur. 

Kal. Gothfrith, son of Amhlaibh, moritur. Caein- 
comhrac, son of Mac-Curain, 3 successor 4 of Tighernach 
of Cluain-eois, a sage-Bishop, quievit. Vessels were 
transported by Domhnall, son of Muircertach, from the 
Dabhall, across Sliabh Fuaid, to Loch Ainnin, which 
was not done before. Eignech, son of Dalach, King of 
Airghiall, and his son, were slain by his brother Murchadh, 
and Murchadh was himself immediately after killed by 
Ua Canannain. Mortal wounding of Donnchadh, son of 
Ceallachan, King of Caisel. 5 Fergal Ua Kuairc in the 
sovereignty of Connacht, and the victory of the Catinche 
was gained by him over the men of Mumhain, and Dal- 
Cais was plundered by him. 

KaL Cill-dara was plundered by the Foreigners of 
Ath-cliath, and by Amhlaibh, son of Sitric. Muirenn, 
daughter of Mac-Colmain, Abbess of Cill-dara, quievit. 
Great famine, and cold, and scarcity of corn. Muircer- 
tach, Mac (or O 6 ) Canannain, King of Cinel Conaill, a 
suis jugulatus. Dubhsgaile, son of Cinaedh, comarb of 
Colum Cille, 7 quievit. Muircertach, son of Congalach, 
son of Maelmithidh, was slain by his brother, i.e. Domh- 
nall, unluckily. Maelruanaidh Ua Egnechain, King of 

was never King of Munster. Wars 
of the Gaedhil with the Gaill, p. 239. 
6 Or 0. The characters " C. h.,* 
for no ua (" or "), are added to the 
preceding word. The Four Mast. 
(963> have htla Ccmarmain, i~e. 

O'Canannain, or descendant of Canan- 

7 CiUe. C-, abbrer. for Cille, A. 
Ctna, for Cluatia (of Cluain), B., 
which is incorrect. O'Flaherty con- 
siders the real year to be 963. 






crtoNicum scotxmum. 

Con mil, a puip [occipup epc]. "Domnall mac becce, 
Ri T^eabra, inceppeccup efc. 

[Ct. CCoi> mac TYlaoilmirbi'o m pep.e5p,inat;ione 
mopicup .1. hi Cim> pimonaiu Sluaicce"o la "Oomnall 
mac YYluipceprai5, Ri "Cempacb, 50 T^US palla .tl. 
.1. "Pepgail, Ri Connacbc. ClaocloT> CCbba-o a 
TTlacba .1. "OubT>alere anmaT) rnuipeT)ai5. 
]ct. TTluipe-oacb mac pep^upa, comapba pa-opai^; 
.U11. anmp in pfuncipacu, quieuir. TnaiT)m po|i .n. 
a mbaifimn Cop.ctim|iuai'D |ie Comalran .M. 
, ocuf fie TT1 aelf eclamn mac CCjiCT>a, T>U arr:o|i- 
T>a .xx. ceT), um 'Cairlec .Tl. n^a-oyia .1. Ri 
Ltn^ne. Car:tifacb mac TTlUficha-Dam, Opfcop CCijvn 
TTlacba, quietut:. pmpn, Gpfcop muinajie 1ae, 
quieuir. "Donncba-o mac Tuat;bail, jii^-oamna Lai^en, 
mo|iiT:u|i. Ceallacb mac Paelam, Ri Lai^en, mo|iit;u|i. 
Cofimac .h. Cillin T>O tlib -ppacfiac CCiTne, comofiba 
Ciap,ain ocuf Comchn, ocuf comayiba "Cuama^iieTie, ST, af 
T)o |ionaT t;empul mop. 'Cuama ^pene ec a clai^cec, 
er; fenex, ec 6-pipcopup, qmeuir in Cbpipro. 
.h. Ruaipcc, "MabcoT)6n na n^aoi-oiol .1. Ri 
Connacbc, pope mumep,abilia mala, T>O cuinm la 
T)omnall mac [Congalail] Ri Cno|ba. 

let. Car eroip. Cmel nGo^ain ocf dnel Conaill, 
ou accop,caip> lie um TTlaeilifa .h. Canannam, ec um 
Tnuip.cep.cac mac Concupaip, ec um mac Ri Connacc. 

1 Cinn-rimonaidh. This name, which 
is also written Cill-righmonaidh, was 
the ancient name of St. Andrew's, in 
Scotland. See Reeves's Adamnan, 
p. 385, n. . O'F. has prefixed the 
date 964. 

2 Of Muiredach. TDuifie, A. 
TTIuifie, B., in which the sign of ab- 
breviation is omitted. 

4,000. "Do .xx. c., for t>a .xx. 
ceT), " two score hundred," A. B. 

4 lit Clmgtech; i.e. its "Bell-house," 
or Round Tower. This is the earliest 

record extant of the erection of a 
Round Tower. See Petrie's Essay, 
Trans. R. I. Acad., vol. xx., p. 377. 
The following orig. note, referring to 
Cormac Ua Cillin, is written in the 
marg. in A., but omitted in B., viz. : 
"1. Licet no ccfii lemenn, T><X 
bberoan -x. ocup cefjyve cet> o 65 
Cia|icon 50 Lictc na ccfxi lemen-o;" 
" i.e. Liath-na-ttri-lemenn : twelve 
years and four hundred from the 
death of Ciaran to Liath-na-ttri- 
lemend." But the death of St. 



Cinel Conaill, a suis [occisus est]. Domhnall, son of 
Becc, King of Teabhtha, interfectus est. 

Kal. Aedh, son of Maelmithidh, dies in pilgrimage, 
viz., at Cinn-iimonaidh. 1 A hosting by Domhnall, son of 
Muircertach, King of Temhair, and he carried off the 
pledges of Ua Ruairc, i.e. Fergal, King of Connacht. A 
change of Abbots at Ard-Macha, viz., Dubhdalethe in 
place of Muiredhach. 2 

Kal. Muiredhach, son of Fergus, comarb of Patrick, 
who was seven years in the government, quievit. A vic- 
tory was gained over Ua Ruairc, in Boirinn of Corcom- 
ruaidh, by Comaltan Ua Clerigh, and by Maelsechlainn, 
son of Arcda, in which 4,000 3 were slain, including 
Taithlech Ua Gadhra, i.e. King of Luighne. Cathusach, 
son of Murchadhan, Bishop of Ard-Macha, quievit. 
Finghin, Bishop of the family of Hi, quievit. Donnchadh, 
son of Tuathal, Royal heir of Laighen, moritur. Ceallach, 
son of Faelan, King of Laighen, moritur. Cormac Ua 
Cillin, of the Ui Fiachrach Aidhne, comarb of Ciaran and 
Coman, and comarb of Tuaim-greine, by whom the great 
church of Tuaim-greine, and its Cloigtech, 4 were con- 
structed, sapiens et senex, et Episcopus, quievit in Christo. 
Fergal Ua Ruairc, the Nabcodon 5 of the Gaeidhel, i.e. King 
of Connacht, after innumerable evils, fell by Domhnall, 
son [of Congal ach 6 ], King of Cnoghbha. 

Kal. A battle between the Cinel Eoghain and Cinel 
Conaill, in which many were slain, together with Maelisa 
Ua Canannain and Muircertach, son of Conchobhar, the 
son of the King 7 of Connacht. Cerbhall, son of Lorcan, 

Ciaran is recorded under the year 544, 
supra. " Liath na ttri lemenn" means 
"the gray man of the three leaps." 

8 Nabcodon ; i.e. Nabuchodonosor, 
as some annotator has noted over the 
name in A. 

6 Of Congakh. 
O'Flaherty in A. 
1 Son of the King. 

Interlined by 

The text reads 

"octrp um mac Rig Connacric," 
" and along with the son of the King 
of Connacht ;" the person referred to 
being Muircertach, son of Conchobhar. 
It is not unusual to find in Irish MSS. 
such an expression as "and Muircer- 
tach, the King," written "and Muir- 
certach, and the King." O'F. con- 
siders the correct date to be 966. 







Cepbatt mac Lopcain, Rn>amna Laigen, T)O mapbaf) no 
"Oomnatt mac Congalaig, Ri bpeg. 

let. Stoicce-6 ta"0omnatt .h. "Nell 50 lai^mtS, s;up 
mT>ip. o bepba paip co paipp^e, 50 ccuc bopuma mop. 
teip, ocup 50 cmpT> popbaip pop ^ultu CCca ctia, ocup 
pop. LaigmB, ppia pe T)d mip- 

jet. Oogan mac Cteipi, Oppcop Connachr, quieuir;. 
TTlaelpinnian mac CCuchcam, Gppcop Cenannpa, ocup 
comopba lltcain, quietus, beotldn mac Ciapmaic, Hi 
Locu ^abap, mopirup. Cappac calma .1. "Oonncha'oh, 
.h. TTlaeileclamn, pi^Damna tTlvoe, pep 'ootum occipup 
epr; o CCpc mac Cappchaigh. 

]ct. Cenannup -oapgain "oCCmlaiB Capam 50 n^at- 
toiB ocup 50 LaigmB, 50 pug bopuma mop lep, ocup 
co ppapccaiB pochaiT>e T)ia muiranp, um Opepat mac 
nCCitellen, ocup $up bpip maiT>m pop Oit5 "Melt 05 CCpT>- 
maolcon. Ca Citte mona pe "Domnatt mac Con^alaig, 
50 n^atloiB CCra cliau, pop "Oomnalt mac TTluipceprai5, 
pop pi "Cempach, T>U at^opcaip. tte, um CCp^aip mac 
TTla'DU'Dain, Hi UtaT>, um "Oonnasdn mac TTiaitmupe, 
Ri CCipgiall, ocup im ^ep^up PI at, Tli Cuait^ne, ocup 
um .H. Cuitennam, Hi Conaitte, er; atn nobitep. 
Ppomncec Lanine Leipe T>O topccaT* ta T)omnatt mac 
rnuipcepi;ai5, Hi "Cempach, ocup cerpa ceT) T>O T>ut 
map^cpa ann, eiT>ip pipa ocup mna. tu^ba-D ocup 
"Dpuim inap^tamn -oapgain [ta ^u]n bltaip .1. TDup- 

]ct. Cuiten mac Ituitb, Ri CCtban, 7>o mapba-5 T>O 
bpecnaiB 01x15 cenei*. "Domnatt mac TDuipcepuaig 
DO mnapbaT) a p.156 TTIi'De T>O maccoib CCoT>a. "Cuaicat 

1 Borumha ; i.e. a prey of cows. 
O'F. adds the date 967. 

2 Kal. This is the year 968, ac- 
cording to O'F. 

* Lost. 50 ppayxcccoti, lit. " he 

Battle of Cill-mona. O'F. adds 
the note "970, rectius," in the margin; 
thus implying that another year has 
been here omitted, or that the events 
of two years have been mixed up in 
the one entry. See note 2 , p. 180. 



Royal heir of Laighen, was slain by Domhnall, son of 
Congalach, King of Bregh. 

Kal. A hosting by Domhnall Ua Neill to the Lage- 
nians, so that he ravaged from Berbha eastwards to the 
sea, and he brought with him a great borumha, 1 and 
besieged the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, and the Lagenians, 
for the space of two months. 

KaL 2 Eoghan, son of Clerech, Bishop of Connacht, 
quievit. Maelfinnian, son of Uchtan, Bishop of Cenannus, 
and comarb of Ultan, quievit. Beollan, son of Ciarmhac, 
King of Loch Gabhar, moritur. Carrach-calma, i.e. 
Donnchadh Ua Maeilechlainn, Royal heir of Midhe, was 
slain through treachery by Art, son of Carthach. 

Kal. Cenannus was plundered by Amhlaibh Cuaran, 
with Foreigners and Lagenians, and he carried off a great 
prey of cows, and lost 3 a great number of his people, 
including Bresal, son of Ailillen ; but he gained a victory 
over the Ui Neill, at Ard-maelcon. The battle of Cill- 
mona 4 gained by Domhnall, son of Congalach, with 
the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, over Domhnall, son of 
Muircertach, King of Temhair, in which a great many 
were slain, including Ardgar, son of Madudhan, King of 
Uladh, and Donnagan, son of Maelmuire, King of Airghiall, 
and Fergus Fial, King of Cuailgne, and Ua Cuilennain, 
King of Conaille, and other nobles. The refectory of 
Lann-leire was burned by Domhnall, son of Muircertach, 
King of Temhair, and 400 persons suffered martyrdom 
there, between men and women. Lughbhadh and Druim- 
inasglainn were plundered [by Glu]n hllair, 5 i.e. Murchadh. 

Kal. Cuilen, son of Ilulb, King of Alba, was killed 
by Britons, in a house on fire. Domhnall, son of Muir- 
certach, was expelled from the sovereignty of Midhe, 






1 Glun-hllair. The letters enclosed 
within brackets are supplied from the 
Ann. Four Mast., a blank space 
being left for them in A. They are 

also omitted in B. ; in which the 
concluding words, " hlUiifi .1. TYlufi- 
chcro," are incorrectly placed after 
the word " CCtban" in the next line. 


sctrccmum. Ciafiam, ocuf Opfcop, fubira mofice 
ieiunium t;fieT>uanum obnt;. fflaolfamna, comoyiba 
Cainnig, quietus. "Oomnall mac rnuificefrcai 5 i^efuim 
^un. loic eiT)ifi cealta ocuf T>aine, T>O neoc 
an. a cenn. TTlaonac mac ITIaeitmtcil, epfcop 
Cluana muc "Moif [qtnetnt;]. Hi all mac CCoT>a, Hi 
UlaT>, mo|nrti|i. 

"|ct. Ccrc einp UlraiB ocu^ "Odl nCCfiaiT>e, -DU 
ai^;o|icaip. CCo-o mac Loin^fi^, Hi an coiccef*, GT; alu. 
OochaiT) uiccoyi pinr. Cluani Ifiaifvo, ocuf pobap., octif 
Lann ela, ocuf T)ifi|ir; 'Gola'oo lofccai) ocuf "oafi^ain la 
T)omTiall mac Tnuiyiceiirai^. TnujichaT> mac 

la "Domnall Claen, 


]ct. Concupayi 

fii| Connacbi;, 

, T5U 
Connacht:, ocu 



lie, um Caral mac 'Cai'os, Hi 
mac TTItMficefrcai!;, Ri .n- nt)iap,- 
ocu-p [TTl]u|ichaT> mac plainn mic lenecain, 
raoifecb Clamne TTlu|icbaT)a, ocuf um ^ebennac mac 
CCoTia, Hi .tl. THame, ocuf um ep^i^ .h. 
1 -pp^i^um, er alu. 1nfiaT> Connacbr; la ^lun 
.1. TnuyicboDb, layifin. beccan comojiba pinnen, Opfcop, 
quietuc. CCibll mac an tai5ni5, comajiba Caoimpn, 

]ct. TTIai'Dm -poyi T)omnall mac Con^alai^ yie 
nT)onncba^ ponn mac CCo-oa, T>U aT^oyichairi Congalacb 
mac LaiT>snen, ocuf Carbal mac plana^am, ocuf alu. 
Tnuifice^ac .1. Hi TTliT)e, .1. mac CCo-oa mic plamn .h. 
TTlaoileclamn, T>O man.baT> la "Domnall mac 

1 Sons of Aedh. The Four Mast. 
(969) and the Ann. Ult. (970=971) 
have "Clann Colmain," t.e. the 
O'Melaghlin's of Westmeath. By 
"TTIaccoib CCot)a," "sons of Aedh," 
are meant the descendants of Aedh 
Slaine, who were situated in East 

Meath, or the present county of Meath. 
O'Flaherty thinks 971 the correct 

8 Kal. O'Flaherty prefixes the 
date 972. 

8 The Province ; i.e. the Province of 
Uladh, or Ultonia. Some hand has 



added the year " 979" in the marg., 
that being the date under which this 
battle is recorded in the Ann. Four 

Kal This is the year 973, ac- 
cording to O'F. 

8 Afac-an-Laighnigh ; ie. " son of 
the Laighnech (or Leinsterman)." 

by the sons of Aedh. 1 Tuathal, comarb of Ciaran, and a A.D. 
Bishop, died a sudden death after a three days' fast. r%jn 
Maelsamhna, comarb of Cainnech, quievit. Domhnall, 
son of Muircertach, again in Midhe ; and he destroyed 
whatever he found in his march, both churches and 
people. Maenach, son of Maelmichil, Bishop of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, [quievit]. Niall, son of Aedh, King of Uladh, 

Kal. 2 A battle between the Ultonians and Dal-Araidhe, [970.] 
in which Aedh, son of Loingsech, King of the Province, 3 
and others, were slain. Eochaidh was the victor. Cluain- 
Iraird and Fobhar, and Lann-ela, and Disert-Tola were 
burned and plundered by Domhnall, son of Muircertach. 
Murchadh, son of Finn, chief-King of Laighen, was slain 
by Domhnall Claen, through malice. 

Kal. 4 Conchobhar, son of Tadhg, chief-King of [971.] 
Connacht, moritur. The battle of Ceis-Corainn between 
Glun-hilair and the Connachtmen, in which a great 
number were slain, including Cathal, son of Tadhg, King 
of Connacht ; and Tadhg, son of Muircertach, King of Ui- 
Diarmada ; and [M]urchadh, son of Flann, son of Gleth- 
nechan, chieftain of Clann-Murchadha ; and Gebhennach, 
son of Aedh, King of TJi Maine; and Serridh TJa 
Flaithbhertaigh, who fell in the heat of battle, and 
others. The plundering of Connacht afterwards by 
Glun-hilair, i.e. Murchadh. Beccan, comarb of Finnen, 
a Bishop, quievit. Ailill Mac-an-Laighnigh, 5 comarb of 
Caemhghen, quievit. 

Kal. A victory was gained over Domhnall, son of [972.] 
Congalach, by Donnchadh Finn, son of Aedh, in which 
were slain Congalach, son of Ladhgnen, and Cathal, son 
of Flannagan, and others. Muircertach, i.e. King of 
Midhe, son of Aedh, son of Flann Ua Maeilechlainn, was 



"Oonncha-o Pmn mac CCo-oa, mic plain n, 7>o mapba-o 
la CCeT) pop paopum bepnain Ciapain qae meabal. 
niupcha-oh lun illaip., ap.7> p,i CCili^, T>O mapba-o ta 
dnet Conaitl. Trianoni pop. .M. cCinnfiolai| pia 
nOppaigit!), T)U at^opchap, ite um T)onnchaT> mac 
Ceallai, Ri .Tl. cCinnpiolai5, ec atn nobilep. 

jet. O-Dgap Hi Saxan, p^lipopup p.ex, mopicup. 
CCp/o^al mac Coppacan, comapba Comgaill ocuf pnnen, 
. dnao-b .Tl. CCyiraccdn Ppimhepup Lere Cumn, 
"Oomnall mac Go^am, Ri bfie^an, m ctepi- 
car:u quieuic. Ce^tm peachr; TTlaoilfechtainn mic 
"Oomnailt o CC cba^ T)ap. bjiif coif an 

]ct. T)onnchaT)h mac Ceatlai, Ri Ofp. 
macsarnain mac Cirineoi^ Ri TDumhan, T>O mapbaT> 
DO fnael[muaiT)] mac bpam, T)O Ri .P. nGcac, lap, na 
ciTnacail T>O T)unT)ubain mac Cachail, TO Ri^ .h. 
pp-D^ence appiL 8cfiin Coluim Cille -oap^am T>O mac 
"Oomnailt mic TT)tnficeftt;ai%. "DunchaT* mac bpam, 
-DO Sit TYltnp.eT>hai5 .1. 'Cpibuf pliuc, comap,ba Ciapam 
Cluana muc Moip, T>O 7>ol a naibrpe T)(jCiaT) TTlacha, 
50 p.ait> -pp.ia fie r|ii mbliaT)na 



1 Aedh. The Ann. Ult. (973) say 
that Donnchadh Finn was killed "by 
Aghda, son of Dubhcenn;" and the 
Four Mast. (972) have " Aghda, son 
of Dubhcenn, son of Tadhgan, Lord 
of Teathbha;" but neither of these 
authorities contains any reference to 
the Bernan Ciarain. 

2 Bernan Ciarain; i.e. the "gapped 
bell of Ciaran." In the Irish Life 
of St. Ciaran or Kieran, of Saigher 
(MS. 23, M. 50, R. I. Acad., p. 63), 
this bell, which is there called "Bar- 
can Ciarain" is stated to have been 
given to St. Ciaran by St. Patrick, 
and to have been used as a swearing 
relic in the district surrounding Seir- 
kieran, in the King's County. In 
Colgan's Latin version of the Irish 
Life, the bell is called " Bardan Ciar- 

ain-" and the translator adds : "forte 
Bodhran ; i.e. mutum, potius legendum 
videtur ; cum hie legatur illud cym- 
balum nullum sonum edidisse, donee 
venerit ad locum a Deo Monasterio 
Sagirensi extruendo destinatum." A A. 
SS., p. 458. It is also referred to 
under the year 1041=1043, infra. 
The bell is not now known to be in 

8 Donnchadh. The Ann. Ult., the 
Four Mast., and the Ancient List of 
Kings of Ui-Cennsealaigh in the 
Book of Leinster, have " DomhnalL" 
O'F. also substitutes "Domhnall," 
and prefixes the date 974 to the 
entries under this year. 

4 Kal. O'F. prefixes the year 975, 
which [a the correct date. 



killed by Domhnall, son of Congalach. Donnchadh Finn, A.D. 
son of Aedh, son of Flann, was slain by Aedh, 1 against 
the protection of the Bernan Ciarain, 2 through treachery. 
Murchadh Glun-ilair, chief-King of Ailech, was killed by 
the Cinel Conaill. A victory was gained over the Ui- 
Cennsealaigh by the Osraighe, in which a great many 
were slain, along with Donnchadh, 3 son of Ceallach, King 
of Ui-Cennsealaigh, and other nobles. 

Kal. 4 Edgar, King of the Saxons, religiosus Rex, [973.] 
moritur. Ardgal, son of Cosrachan, comarb of Comgall 
and Finnen, quievit. Cinaedh Ua Artagan, chief poet 5 
of Leth-Chuinn, moritur. Domhnall, son of Eoghan, King 
of Britain, 6 in clericatu 7 quievit. First expedition of 
Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, from 8 Ath-cliath, on 
which occasion he broke the Foreigner's leg. 

KaL 9 Donnchadh, son of Ceallach, King of Osraighe, [974.] 
moritur. Mathghamhain, son of Cennedigh, King of 
Mumhain, was slain by Mael[mhuaidh], son of Bran, King 
of Ui-Echach, after having been treacherously surrendered 
to hi/ni by Donnabhan, son of Cathal, King of Ui- 10 
Fidhghente. Serin of Colum Cille was plundered by the 
son of Domhnall, son of Muircertach. Dunnchadh, son 
of Bran, of the Sil Muiredhaigh, i.e. "Tribhus Fliuch," 11 
comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-muc-Nois, went in pilgrimage 
to Ard-Macha, and he was there during the space of 
thirteen years, in devotion. 

5 Chief Poet. pp,nnh~iuf\ for 

(prim he'gius), A. 

6 King of Britain. Til t>fi., forTli 
bfietcm, A. B. Probably King of 
the Britons of Strath Clyde. The 
Brut y Tywysogion, under the year 
974, records the departure to Rome of 
Dunwallon, King of Strath Clyde. 
41 Ac ydaeth Dunwallaun brenhin 
Ystrat Clut y Rufein." 

7 In clericatu. The corresponding 
expression in Tighernach and the Ann. 

Ult is "a nailicfie," "in pilgrim- 

s From, o, MSS. A. and B. It 
should probably be -DO or co, " to." 

KaL O'Flaherty prefixes the 
date "976." 

10 Ui. Omitted in B. 

Tribhus Fliuch; i.e. "Wet trouse," 
or trowsers. In the Ann. Four Mast. 
(974) this sobriquet is applied to 
Domhnall, son of Congalach, whose 
death is recorded in the next entry. 

"Oomnall mac Con^alai^, Hisoamna hejienn, mojii- 

let. Imp Car:hai -DO papuccat* T>O bpian mac 
dnne'015 -pop ^alloiB Luimm^h .1. 1map et a T>a mac .1. 
CCmlaib" ocup "Oubcenn. CCmlaoiB mac 1lluiU5, Hi 
CClban, TJO mapbar* la Cmaof> mac TTIaoilcoluim. 
TTlaolp.uanai'o oc .tl. TTlaoileclainn, Hi^oamna 'Gem- 
piach, pep -oolum occipup. 

let. Scpin COoamnam "Dap-gam T>O "Oomnatl .tl. 
NelL Cac eiT>ip. bpian ec TTlaolmuaT), 50 ixop.chaip. 
TTlaolmua^ ann, Hi .tl. nGchac. Car biclainne -pop. 
LaigmB p.e ^alloiB CCra clia, T>U accop^chaip. Hi Laigen 
.1. Ugaip-e mac "Cuachail, ocup TTluipe'ohach mac Hiam, 
Hi .tl. Cenpelaig, ocup Congalac mac plainn Hi Lege 
ocup Hecec, ec alu. Cacp-aoinei) p.ia n(DCippalla pop. 
duel Conaill, TU arr;opchaip ile um Wall. I). Canan- 
nam, ocup um .tl. Con^alai^, ocup mac TTlup.chaT>a 
^lun ilaip, ec aln. Comalcan .tl. Clep-i^, Hi .tl. 
vpiacpxxch CCiT)ne, mopicup. 

let. plann mac TTlaoilmicil, peplepnn Cluana muc 
"Moip, ocup Gppcop, ocup CCipcmnec Cluana "Deocpa, 
quieuic. TTluip^enn, m^en Con^alai^, comapba bpi^De, 
cfuieuic. Concupap mac pnn, Hi .tl. -ppoilge, mopit:up. 
"Oomnall Claen, Hi Lai^hen -Dep^abotil -DO galloitS 
CCra cliac. teslopap .tl. pinn, Hi "Oail CCpaiT>e, ocup 
'dgepnan, Hi Cm el Conaill, occipi punc. 

let. "Oomnatl .tl. Nell, Hi Temp.ach, pope peniten- 
nam obnc. TTlaolpechlamn p.egnape mcipic -pop Opmn. 
"Cemp-ach p.ia TTlaolpechlainn mac "Oomnaill, la 

* A battle. O'F. notes that this 
battle was fought in 977, but he pre- 
fixes 978 as the date of the other 

i See n. , p. 223. 
Kal. O'F. prefixes the date 977. 
A blank space of four lines precedes 

the first entry, " Inis Cathaigh," &c., | entries under this year, 
in A. 

1 Profaned. The meaning is, that 
the right of sanctuary of Inis Cathaigh, 
or Scattery Island, was violated, or 

5 Cluain-Deochra. " Cluain-Deora," 
B. Archdall (Monast. nib.) places 
Cluain-Deochra in Westmeath; but 
in O'Clery's frisk Calendar, at llth 





Domhnall, 1 son of Congalach, Royal heir of Erinn, A.D. 

Kal. 2 Inis Cathaigh was profaned 3 by Brian, son of 
Cennedigh, against the Foreigners of Luimnech, i.e.. 
Imhar and his two sons, viz., Amhlaibh and Dubhcenn 
Amhlaibh, son of Illulbh, King of Alba, was slain by 
Cinaedh, son of Maelcoluim. Maelruanaidh Got Ua 
Maeilechlainn, Royal heir of Temhair, per dolum occisus. 

Kal. Serin of Adamnan was plundered by Domhnall 
Ua Neill. A battle 4 between Brian and Maelmhuaidh, in 
which Maelmhuaidh, King of Ui-Echach, was slain. The 
battle of Bithlann was gained over the Lagenians by the 
Foreigners of Ath-cliath, in which were slain the King of 
Laighen, i.e. Ugaire, son of Tuathal, and Muiredhach, son 
of Rian, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, and Congalach, son of 
Flann, King of Leghe and Rechet, and others. A victory 
was gained by the Airghialla over the Cinel Conaill, in 
which a great many were slain, along with Niall Ua 
Canannain, and Ua Conghalaigh, and the son of Murchadh 
Glun-ilair, and others. Comaltan Ua Clerigh, King of 
Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, moritur. 

Kal. Flann, son of Maelmichil, Lector of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, and Bishop, and Airchinnech of Cluain-Deochra, 8 
quievit. Muirenn, daughter of Congalach, comarb of 
Brigid, quievit. Conchobhar, son of Finn, King of Ui- 
Failghe, moritur. Domhnall Claen, King of Laighen, 
was taken prisoner by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath. 
Lethlobhar Ua Finn, King of Dal-Araidhe, and Tighernan, 
King of Cinel Conaill, occisi sunt. 

Kal. Domhnall Ua Neill, King of Temhair, died 
after penitence. Maelsechlainn begins to reign over 
Erinn. The battle of Temhair gained by Maelsechlainn, 
son of Domhnall, King of Erinn, over the Foreigners of 



Jany., it is stated to be in the county 
Longford. It is probably the place 
now called Clondara, in the parish of 

Killashee, barony and co. of Longford. 
This is the year 979, according to 



hOfienn, pop. ^alloiB CCra cbcrc, ocup -pop, maccoib 
CCmlaoib an z;ainp.iUT>, -ou arxopchaip. lie urn Ra^nall 
mac CCmlaoiB, Risoamna ^dll, ocup urn Conamail mac 
ille OCippe (tCCippi), ocup CCplabpaiT> CCra cliac ocup 
pocaiT>e. bpaon mac TTfiupcbfaT^a, Risoamna Laigen, 
ocup Congalac mac plamn, Ri [^ailen^], ocup a mac 
.1. lYlaolan, ocup pacpa ocup CuTDUili^h, ["oa mac] 

, TKt Rig pefi 'Culac, ocup tacbcnan Ri 
TTlaigen, T>O cuimm app1^1rh5U1n an cara. 

la TTlaelectainn mac "OomnaiU, ta Ri 
"Uemfiacb, ocup la 6ocbait> mac CCp.T)5ail, Ri Ulai), 50 
^alloiB CCra clicrc, 50 t^u^xrc -poyibaif rpi la ocup qn 
noiT)ce pop,p.a, 50 T^Ujgpar; palla h6|ienn app, um 
"Oomnall Claon, Ri Lai^en, ec um ai*;ifie .R. Nell 
ayicena, a no^fieip, o ^alLloiB, pee ce-o [bo] co pe-ooiB ec 
maomiB afichena, 50 paoip,e .tl. "Meill o Sinamn 50 
mtufi, san cam ^an cabac. CCp an n pin qaa 
TTlaolpeclamn, ^ac aon T>O ^aoiT>elaiC pail 
anT>aoip,e, ocup a nT)ocp.aiT)e, ceT> app T>a rip, pen an. 
cenn pix>e ocup pubacuip. Oa pi bp.O7) baibilom na 
hGpenn an pluaieT> pm. TTIup.cha'D mac Riarai, CCb 
Ruip Comam, er; ranaipi Cluana muc Noip, quieuic. 
TTIuspon CCb 1ae, pcpiba ev epipcopup, quieuic. CCmlaiB 
mac Sicpiucca, ap.T) p.i ^all CCm cliar [DO T>ul] 50 hi 
an-oeop-aiT>acT; lap, panc^, lap. nairpi|e, mopxuup epr. 

i (Or Airrf). The word CCijijxe is 
written in an abbreviated form in A., 
the characters " C i " (" or i ") being 
written over the last letter (e), to 
signify that the word should probably 
be written " Airri." The transcriber 
of B. incorrectly reads ""Deg," the 
abbreviation being a rather unusual 

The Orator. CCfilabficn'o, A. B. 
Four Mast. 1fit,cc- 
o, Tighernach. It has not been 
ascertained who "the Orator" was. 
Instead of'o, the Wart of 

the Gaedhil with the Gaill (Todd's ed., 
p. 46), has "mccti gall," "the 
nobles of the Foreigners," which u 
probably more correct. 

2,000 [cow*], pice -c. (twenty 
hundred), A. pice cet>, B. The 
Four Mast. (979) state that this was 
the number of the Irish hostages 
released from the Foreigners ; but 
Tighernach(98Q) makes it the number 
of cows which the latter were obliged 
to deliver, along with other consider- 
ations, to the victors. 



Ath-cliath, and over the sons of Amhlaibh, particularly, 
in which a great many were slain, together with Raghnall, 
son of Amhlaibh, Royal heir of the Foreigners, and with 
Conamhail, son of Gille-Airre (or Airri 1 ), and the Orator 2 
of Ath-cliath, and a multitude besides. Braen, son of 
Murcha[dh], Royal heir of Laighen ; and Congalach, son 
of Flann, King [of Gaileng], and his son, i.e. Maelan; 
and Fiachra and Cuduiligh [two sons] of Dubhlaith, two 
Kings of Fera-tulach, and Lachtnan, King of Mughdhorn- 
Maighen, fell in the heat of battle. A great hosting by 
Maelechlainn, son of Domhnall, King of Temhair, and 
by Eochaidh, son of Ardgal, King of Uladh, to the 
Foreigners of Ath-cliath, whom they besieged for three 
days and three nights ; and they carried off thence the 
hostages of Erinn, together with Domhnall Claen, King 
of Laighen, and the pledges of the Ui-Neill likewise. 
They obtained their demand from the Foreigners, viz., 
2,000 [cows 3 ], with jewels and goods besides, and the 
freedom of the Ui-Neill from the Sinainn to the sea, 
without tribute or exaction. It was then, moreover, 
Maelechlainn proclaimed " let every 4 one of the Gaeidhel 
who is in the territory of the Foreigners, in servitude 
and bondage, depart thence to his own country, to 
enjoy peace and happiness." That hosting was the 
Babylonian captivity 5 of Erinn. Murchadh, son of Riada, 
Abbot of Ros-Comain, and vice- Abbot of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, quievit. Mughron, Abbot of Hi, a scribe and Bishop, 
quievit. Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, chief King of the 
Foreigners of Ath-cliath, [went] to Hi, on a pilgrimage, 
and died after holiness 6 and penance. Aghda, 7 son of 



* Every. 5, for gccc, A. 50, B. 

6 Babylonian Captivity. Oficro 
babitoin, A. B. So in Tighernach. 
But the entry is probably incomplete; 
as the effect of the expedition was to 
deliver the Irish, who were under the 
subjection of the Foreigners, from 
such subjection. 

6 After holiness. 1<xfi fane., for 
ictfi, pcmccicoxem, "post sanctita- 
tem," A. B. O'F., in a marg. note, 
refers the death of Amhlaibh to the 
year 981. 

i Aghda, CC^, A. CCgcro (Agad), 


228 CftOMICUTTl 

mac "Otnbcinn, Hi "Ceabra, lap nairpigi, mopxuup 


]ct. Oo^han .h. Ccrcan, comapba bpenainn Cluana 
pepra, mopirup. CCnmchaD, eppeop Cille Dapa, qmeint;. 
"Oomnalt .tl. CCiceiD, Hi .tl. nGchac, ocup iom^fic, 
caoipic .tl. "Nialtcnn, "DO comtuicim T>iblimB. Clepcen, 
mac "Oonngaill, comayiba pecm, quietus. 

]ct. bfiuacufi, mac GCCI^GIITT; Hi .Tl. 
mo|iiT:u|i. Ofi^ain Citle -oayia 6 1ma 
CCficu mac "Melt, Hi^oamna Ulatt, a fuip pep. T>olum 
occifup epc. T)al cCaip T>ap5am T>O fnaolpeclainn 
mac "Oomnaill, ocuf bile tnai^e a-oaip T>O cej'ca'D. 
TDuip.e'oach mac HuaT)pac, comapba pecin, quietus. 

]ct. Ca^paomeT) pe TTlaolpectainn mac "Domnaitl, 
ocup pe "glun lapairm mac CCmlaiB, pop "Domnatl 
Ctaen, ocup pop 1map puipr; Laip^e, T>U arropchaip lie 
etnp baDUT) ocup mapbaT), um ^itla pa*opai5, mac 
1maip, et: aln. tenn T)a tocha T)ap5ain -DO ^ a ^ 01 ^ 
CCra cbau. Inpa-o Lai^en, ocup a opjam la TDaol- 
pectainn 50 muip. 

]ct. "Domnatl Ctaon, Hi Laigen, DO mapbaT) ta CCoD 
mac Ocn^epTi, -otliB Cenpiolaig. GOofi .h. "DuC-Da, Hi 
ruaip^epc Connachr, mopiT:up. Tpi meic Ceapbaill, 
mic lopcam, T>apccain repmainn Caoim^en, ocup a 
mapbaT) arxpiup pe naiT>ce. "Domnall mac Lopcam, Hi 
taigen, occipup epc 6 1B Cenpilai|. 

]ct. TTIaolpeclamn mac "Oomnaill, oinnpa'o Con- 
nacht;, ocup DO coghail a hmnpiB, ocup DO mapbat* a 

1 Mortuus est. So in A. -oeg 
("died"), B. 

Kal. O'Flaherty has prefixed 
the date "981." 

The tree of MagJi-Adhair. This 

augurated as Chieftains of Dal-Cais, 
or Thomond. Dr. O'Conor, in his ed. 
of Tighernach (982), incorrectly trans- 
lates Magh-Adhair " campus Adora- 
tionis." O'F. has prefixed the date 

was a celebrated tree which stood in j " 982" to these entries. See under 

the plain of Magh-Adhair (now Moyre, , the year 1049, infra. 

near Tullagh, in the county of Clare), * Fechin. pe, A., the sign of abbre- 

under which the O'Briens were in- 

viation being omitted. 



Dubhcenn, King of Teabhtha, after penance, mortuus 
est. 1 

KaL 2 Eoghan Ua Cathain, comarb of Brenainn of 
Cluain-ferta, moritur. Anmchadh, Bishop of Cill-dara, 
quievit. Domhnall Ua Aiteidh, King of Ui-Echach, and 
Loingsech, chieftain of Ui-Niallain, fell by one another. 
Clerchen, son of Donngall, comarb of Fechin, quievit. 

Kal. Bruadar, son of Echtighern, King of Ui- 
Cennsealaigh, moritur. Plundering of Cill-dara, by Imhar 
of Port-Lairge. Archu, son of Niall, Royal heir of Uladh, 
a suis per dolum occisus est. Dal-Cais was plundered by 
Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, and the tree of Magh- 
Adhair 3 was cut down. Muiredhach, son of Ruaidhri, 
comarb of Fechin, 4 quievit. 

Kal. 5 A victory was gained by Maelsechlainn, son of 
Domhnall, and by Glun-iarainn, son of Amhlaibh, over 
Domhnall Claen, and over Imhar of Port-Lairge, in which 
a great number perished, between drowning and killing, 
together with Gilla-Padraig, son of Imhar, and others. 
Glenn-da-locha was plundered by the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath. Laighen was wasted and plundered by Maelsech- 
lainn, as far as the sea. 

Kal. 6 Domhnall Claen, King of Laighen, was slain by 
Aedh, son of Echtighern, of the Ui-Cennsealaigh. Aedh 
Ua Dubhda, King of the North of Connacht, moritur. 
The three sons of Cearbhall, son of Lorcan, plundered the 
term on of Caemhghen, and the three were killed before 
night. Domhnall, 7 son of Lorcan, King of Laighen, was 
slain by the Ui-Cennsealaigh. 

Kal. Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, ravaged Con- 
nacht, and demolished its islands, 8 and killed its chief- 







* Kal. The correct date, 983, has 
been prefixed by O'F. 

8 KaL The correct date is 984, as 
O'F. has noted in the margin. 

7 Domhnall. This is a repetition of 
the first entry under this year. 

8 Its islands ; i.e. its island fortifi- 
cations, or residences. The correct 
year is 985. 


"Chapman) mac 11 arm u pen n, Ri tin^ne, 

]ct. TYlop m^en "Oonnchcroa mic Cealtaig, banpi^an 
he-penn, mopicup. TTlaolciapdm .M. TTlai^ne, comapba 
Colin m Cille, TX> T>ul T>eps maprpa lap na "Danapoib a 
nCC cliac. uaT>ac Scpme pat>pai5 la TYlaolpeclamn 
o CC pfiTna-o 50 Gx 8150 ryua co^a^ mic Caifielldm. 
1^ TIO T>enam T>oib ia|i[um], ocuf fiiap. pa^fiaig 6 
TTIaolfeclainn .1. cuaipr -pep. nii'oe e^ip all, ocuf 
cuai ; ep-gnam ^ac 7>ume 6 maolpeclainn pepm, la 
caob peachc ccumal, ec o^piapa apcena. TUtnppu-p 
mac "Domnaill, Ri .n. TTIaine, lu^ulacup epr;. Cluam 
muc "Noif T)O lopcca'5 aiT>ce aoine pia Caifc moip. 
]ct. 'Cpea^oD pinaifi o "DemnaiB a naipcip Gpenn, 
la dp T>aomiB, ^ombi-oip ap puibB T>aoini6 1 poilpi. 
uip^o Cellach m Chpipco qineuic. "Copac an 
bo dip .1. an TTlailgaipb, an cernai na <cuT>chaT> piam. 
]ct. CCp TTluman ez ^all puipr; taip^e la Con- 
, TIU ar^:opchaipT>unlan5 mac T)tnbT>abaipenn, 
TTluman, ec aln. TTIuippup mac Concupaip, 
Connachr, T>O ruicim apppir^um. "Dunpcan, 
ap-o Gppcop Saacan uile, qtneuic. "Ouncha-o .tl. bpam, 
comapba Ciapam mic an rpaoip, "ohec a naibcpe a 
nCCptt TTIaca. cpm Colmm Cille T>O papucca-o -DO 

]ct. "glun iapamn, mac CCmlaiB, Ri ^all, -DO 
mapba'D T>a mo^a-Dhail peipm .1. Colbain. oppi 
mac CCpalc, Ri 1nnpi ^all, -DO cuinm la *0dl Ria-oa. 

1 Red martyrdom. 
rp,a- " Red martyrdom" involved 
the shedding of blood. O'F. has 
prefixed 986 as the correct date. 

* Rebellion. Co%., for cogccD, lit. 
"war," A. B. 

8 Of Patrick; i.e. of the successor 
of Patrick. 

* Seven cumhah. The " cnmhal" 

meant three cows, or their value in 
money or other property. 

8 They; i.e. the Demons. The 
correct year is 987. 

6 The same. CCti cecncn, A. B. 
CCn cncencct, " unusual," Tighemach 
and Four Mast. 

7 Dunstan. "Dunstanus Cantuar:" 
marg. note, O'F. This entry is 


tains. Diarmaid, son of Uathmuran, King of Luighne, A.D. 
moritur. j- -, 

KaL Mor, daughter of Donnchadh, son of Ceallach, [934.3 
Queen of Erinn, moritur. Maelciarain Ua Maighne, 
comarb of Colum Cille, suffered red martyrdom 1 from 
the Danes at Ath-eliath. The abduction of the shrine of 
Patrick, by Maelsechlainn, from Ath-Firdiadh to Ath- 
Sighe, in consequence of the rebellion 2 of the sons of 
Cairellan. They made peace afterf wards], and the award 
of Patrick 3 was submitted to by Maelsechlainn, viz., the 
visitation of the Feara-Midhe, both church and state, a 
banquet for every fort from Maelsechlainn himself, 
together with seven cumhals, 4 and complete obedience 
besides. Muirghius, son of Domhnall, King of Ui Maine, 
jugulatus est. Cluain-muc-Nois was burned on the night 
of Friday before great Easter. 

Kal. A magical colic was brought on by Demons in the [985,J 
east of Erinn, which caused a great mortality of people ; 
and they 5 were plainly before men's eyes. The holy virgin 
Cellach in Christo quievit. Commencement of the cow 
mortality, i.e. the Maelgarbh, the same which had not 
come before. 

Kal. A slaughter of the men of Mumhain, and of the [986.] 
Foreigners of Port-Lairge, by Connachtinen, in which fell 
Dunlang, son of Dubhdabhairenn, Royal heir of Mumhain, 
and others. Muirghius, son of Conchobhar, Royal heir of 
Connacht, fell in the heat of the battle. Dunstan, 7 
chief Bishop of all the Saxons, quievit. Donnchadh Ua 
Brain, comarb of Ciaran Mac-an-tsair, died in pilgrimage 
at Ard-Macha. Serin of Colum Cille was profaned by 

KaL 8 Glun-iarainn, son of Amhlaibh, King of the [987.] 
Foreigners, was killed by his own slave, i.e. Colbain. 
Gothfrith, son of Aralt, King of Insi-Gall, fell by the 

slightly misplaced in A., and omitted I 8 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
inB. I 989. 



Ca CCua cbcrc pop galloiB fie YYlaolpeclainn mac 
*0omnaill, ubi mulci occipi punc, ocup popbaip an 
mime poppa lappm ppi picn; ait>ce, conap ibpiot; 
upce ppipen act: -pal, 50 crap-opai; a o^piap -pen -DO 
cen ba Ri, ocup inn^e oip gaca gap-fta 506 ai-bce 
"Moclac moifi c|ii bi fio|i. Concupap mac "Domnaill, 
Ri Ltn^ne, mo|iicu|i. TTluip.e'Dac .tl. Clefii^, Ri 

jet. efia^vo mac Coip, piiimhegef ^aoiT)et m pem- 
renwa a^ Cluain muc "Moi-p [m]o|nt:u|i. CCo'D .n. 
17laolT)OfiaiT>, Ri dnel Conaill, mop-i^up,. TTlaiT)m, 
no ca^, Cai|in poiiT)^oma, ubi mulr;i occifi funr, T)U 
arr;oficaip, "Domnatt mac Loyicam, Ri TTlupcfiai'De ripe, 
ocuf .tl. poyiga, es ap. mofi ayicena, la TTlaolfectamn 
mac T)omnailt. 

]ct. "Doncha-o .Tl. Con^alai^, Ri^amna Temtiac, 
peyi 7>otum occifuy efT: la Concubayi mac CejibailL 
CCn Sionnac .Tl. Leocan, Ri ^ailen^,|i. 

]ct. 8luaicceT> la TTlaolfeclamn a gConnachnB, 50 
cr;U5 bo|itimu moyi leif apf. CC-p layifin caimg 5|iian 
50 ppejiaib TTluman er; Connachca im TTli7)e conuige 
Loc CCinnmT)e, ocup mp ^ab bai na "oaoine con'oecai'o 
hi coiji nelo'oa. T)onT> [mac] "Donngalai^, mic "Duinn- 
cuan, Ri "Cebca, pep T>olum a p uip p crcellinbup occipup 
epc. TTlaolperaip comapba bpenamn Cluana pepra, 
quieuic. TlflaolpiTinia, T>O 1b Oecon, mac pelam, 
comapba Ciapain mic an cpaoip, quiemr. TDop mgen 
mic Carhail, mic Concubaip, Righan Gpenn, 
Colmam, mac Nell, Ri .0. nT)iap- 
mana, ocup Cucenann mac "Cai-Dg, comr;uir:im -ooib inna 

1 KaJ. O'F. has prefixed the year 
990 as the correct date. 

a At Cluain. CCg clucon, A. (X 
gltm, B. 

a OfLorcan. Cto^icain, " of Clor- 
can," B. 

< The Sionnach ; i.e. " the Fox." 
The correct year is 991, as O'F. haa 
noted in the margin. 

5 Satellitibus. -Sacibibup, A. B. 

6 Of the Ui-Becon. Added as a 
gloss over the name of Maelfinnia, in 
A., and omitted in B. This is cor- 



Dal-Riada. The battle of Ath-cliath was gained over 
Foreigners by Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, where a 
great many were slain; and the siege of the fort was 
maintained against them afterwards during twenty 
nights, so that they drank no water during that time but 
salt-water ; and they gave him his own demand while he 
might be King, and an ounce of gold for every garden, 
to be paid each Christmas night, for ever. Conchobhar, 
son of Domhnall, King of Luighne, moritur. Muiredhach 
Ua Clerigh, King of Aidhne, moritur. 

Kal. 1 Erard Mac Coisi, chief poet of the Gaeidhel, 
dies in penance at Cluain 2 -muc-Nois. Aedh Ua Maeil- 
doraidh, King of Cinel Conaill, moritur. The victory, or 
battle, of Carn-fordroma, where many were slain, in which 
fell Domhnall, son of Lorcan, 3 King of Muscraidhe-tire 
and Ui-Forga, and a great multitude besides, was gained 
by Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall. 

Kal. Donnchadh Ua Conghalaigh, Royal heir of 
Temhair, was treacherously slain by Conchobhar, son of 
Cerbhall. The Sionnach 4 Ua Leochain, King of Gaileng, 

Kal. A hosting by Maelsechlainn into Connacht ; and 
he brought with him from thence a great prey of cows. 
It was after this that Brian, with the men of Mumhain and 
Connacht, came into Midhe, as far as Loch Aininne ; and 
he took neither cows nor men, but went off stealthily. 
Donn [son] of Donngalach, son of Donncuan, King of 
Teabhtha, per dolum a suis satellitibus 5 occisus est 
Maelpetair, comarb of Brenainn of Cluain-ferta, quievit. 
Maelfinnia, son of Spelan, of the Ui-Becon, 6 comarb of 
Ciaran Mac-an-tsair, quievit. Mor, daughter of Tadhg, 
son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, Queen of Erinn, moritur. 
Gillacolmain, son of Niall, King of Ui-Diarmada, and 
Cucennan, son of Tadhg, fell by each other. 7 

rectly the year 992, as O'F. has 
remarked in the margin. 

7 By each other, inna cijx ("in 


their land "), A. B. ; probably in mis- 
take for mcmecip , or im 
" invicem." 







CTtotncum sco^onum. 

jet. THo^na mopxabcap 1 Cluain muc Noip. TTlaol- 
puanain .Tl. Ciap,p,na, Ri Caipbpe, no mapban la 
pepaiB "Ceabca. Ruampi mac Copcpai^, Hi nep^eipr; 
ConnachTG, no mapban ta Concubap mac ITlaoileclamn, 
ocup la mac Comalram [.Tl. Clepig]. 

}ct. TTlaolcaipepna, Hi .Tl. mbpium, mopicup. 
TYlaolmtnpe mac Scannlam, Gpfcop CCifiT) TTlacha, 
quieuic. TTlaolfeclainn -DO lofcca-o CConai "Cece, ocu-p 
T>innfia'b TTluman, ec maiT>m -pofi b|iian ocuf 

]ct. Cinao'D mac TTlaoilcoluim a fuif occifUf 
"Domnach pa-oiaaic -00^501 n -DO ^alloiB CCra clia, octJf 
no TTluifice|iT:ac .Tl. Con^alail;, fe-o "Deuf uinDicauin in 
-pine menpip eiup-oem. pail Txmiaifi ocup clameB 
Cayilupa T>O bfie T>O TTIaoilfeclaiTin mac "Oomnaill afi 
hecm 6 ^alloiB CCca cbac. 

]ct. CCiyi5ialla T>a|i5ain CCfiT) TTlaca, 50 |iU5^ar; pee 
ceT) bo ef^e. CCp-T) TTlaca no lofccan, raipB, cemplai^, 
ocuf a cloi^rec. ^illa panfiaic mac "Oonnchana, Hi 
Offtake, no mayiba'B no "Donnnuban mac 
"Oonnnubdn mac Imaiji occifUf efc 6 LaismC. 
Panfiaic .Tl. plana^an, Tli "Cebca, occifUf efo 6 
Piac[fia] mac UanuiB .1. raorfec TTltiinrifie TTlaoilfinna. 
T)omnall mac TJaoldm, Ri na nT)efi, mo^irufi. "Cec 
naomhen T)|ioma yicti^e no lofccan n-peyioib TTlumhan, 

OCUT* ^T 11 C6T) ' DO 'oaomiB onn- 

]ct. Car einiji CClbanchotB, pip, mapban Confcann'n, 
Ri CClban .1. mac Cuilen ann, ocup alu. TTIaolcoluim 
mac "Oomnaill, Ri bpeacan 

i Kal. This is properly the year 
993, according to O'F. 

Ard-Macha, CCrvo.m., A. 
CC|i,T)aTi, B. The correct year is 994. 

' Domhnach. "OomfT., A. "Oom- 
n aU^ B. The year 995 is the correct 

4 Out of it. 2e., for epce, A. 
*0ae, B. The date 996 has been 
prefixed by O'F. 

5 Gilla-Padralg. The death of this 
person is also entered under the year 
996 (recte 998), infra. 



. , ' . 



Kal. 1 A great mortality at Cluain-muc-Nois. Mael- 
ruanaidh Ua Ciardha, King of Cairbre, was killed by the 
men of Teabhtha. Ruaidhri, son of Coscrach, King of 
the South of Connacht, was killed by Conchobhar, son of 
Maelechlainn, and by the son of Comaltan [Ua Clerigh]. 

Kal. Maelcairerda, King of Ui-Briuin, moritur. 
Maehnuire, son of Scannlan, Bishop of Ard-Macha, a 
quievit. Maelsechlainn burned Aenach-Tete, and plun- 
dered Mumhain, and gained a victory over Brian and the 
men of Mumhain. 

Kal. Cinaedh, son of Maelcoluim, a suis occisus est. 
Domhnach- 3 Padraig was plundered by the Foreigners of 
Ath-cliath, and by Muircertach Ua Conghalaigh ; sed Deus 
vindicavit in fine mensis ejusdem. The ring of Tomar, 
and the sword of Carlus, were forcibly taken by Mael- 
sechlainn, son of Domhnall, from the Foreigners of Ath- 

Kal. The Airghialla plundered Ard-Macha, and took 
2,000 cows out of it. 4 Ard-Macha was burned houses, 
churches, and its belfry. Gilla-Padraig, 5 son of Donn- 
chadh, King of Osraighe, was slain by Donnabhan, 
son of Imhar. Donnabhan, son of Imhar, was slain by 
the Lagenians. Gilla-Padraig Ua Flanagain, King of 
Teabhtha, was slain by Fiach[ra], son of Radubh, i.e. 
chieftain of Muinter-Maeilsinna. 6 Domhnall, son of 
Faelan, King of the Deisi, moritur. The guests' house of 
Druim-raithe was burned by the men of Mumhain, and 
300 men 7 therein. 

Kal. A battle among the men of Alba, and Constantin, 
King of Alba, i.e. son of Cuilen, and others, were slain in 
it. Maelcoluim, son of Domhnall, King of North Britain, 8 






Maeilsinna. TTlaoitpmna, 

" Maoilfinna," Four Mast 

7 Men. "Do -oaoinit); lit. "of 
men," A. T)aoirnt5, B. 

North Britain. " Britonum 
Bor(ealium) Rex." Marg. note, by 
O'F. The correct year is 997. 






Ruai"op.i mac Hell .h. Canannain, Ri Cineoil Conaill, 
mop.1 run- 
let. Sluaicce-o la rnaolfeclamn er; la bp.ian, 50 
TOUSpic palla all. bfiicm 50 pen.oib TTlumhan, 
ocup TYlaolfeclainn 50 ppen.oib TYlif>e, 50 ConnachraiB, 
50 ccuspar; a npalla. "Oubftalere, comayiba Palais 
ocu-p CoUnm Cille, qtneuis. Conamg .h. Copj5fiai|;, Sui 
Opfcop Cluana muc Noij\ quietus *Oian.maiT; mac 
"Oomnaill, Ri .Tl. cCenplai^h, mo|iit:u|i. ^illa paT>yiaic 
mac "OonnchaT)ha, Ri Ofirai^e, mofiiT;tifi. ^illa On am 
mac CC^a, Hi "Ceabra, occif Uf eft: o Sil Ronain. 

]cb T)onnchaT> mac "Domnaill, Hi tai^en, T)O ^abail 
DO Sicfiiu^ mac CCmlaiB. Lia CCilbe "DO ruicnn. Cell 
oayia Tta^am DO ^alloiB CCra cliac. Sluaicce-5 mo|i 
la TTIaolfechlainn mac "Domnaill, ocuf la bynan mac 
CinneT)i5, 50 ^len mama, 50 T^ancuT^afi ^aill CCra 
cliac T>a -ppobaifrc, gup. yiaoine-o poyi ^alloiB ocuf gufi 
IOD andfi, im CCfialc mac CCmlaiB, ocu-p um Culen mac 
en^en, ocuf um mairiB CC^a cliac, ec 50 rcDecha-D 
TTlaolfeclainn ocu-p b|iian lajifin a nCCc cliar, 50 
peachrmamn ann, 50 fiugfar; a ofi ocuf a 
ocuf a bjiair, ocuf ^tiyi innajibfac an Ri| .1. 
mac CCmlait). "Hiall mac CCgDa, yiigDamna 
"Ceabra, T>O mafibat) -DO Calyiai^iB a cCluam muc "Moif 
um -pel 'Oiap.mai'D mac "Ouna-ohai^, Ri 8il 
nCCnmcha-Da, -DO majiba-D DO mac Comalrdm .1. Ri 

i Citte. Ct., for Cille, A. 
Cluana, B. O'F. has prefixed the 
date 998 to the entries for this year.. 

8 Gilla-Padraig. See under the year 
994 (recte 996), where Gilla-Padraig 
is said to have been slain. The pre- 
sent entry seems to be a mistake. 
The record in Tighernach (996) repre- 
sents Gillapadraig as having been 
slain "by Donnabhan, son of Imhar, 
and by Domhnall, son of Faelan, King 
of the Deisi." 

8 Moritur. See last note. 

* Affhda. CCgcro (Agad), B. 

6 KaL This is correctly the year 
999, as O'F. has noted in the margin. 

6 Lia-Ailbhe; i.e. "the stone of 
Ailbhe," or "of the plain of Ailbhe." 
The name of Magh-Ailbhe, is pro- 
bably still preserved in that of Moy- 
nalvy, a townland in the parish 
of Kilmore, barony of Lower Deece, 
and co. of Meath. The Four Mast. 
(998) state that Magh-Ailbhe was 



moritur. Ruaidhri, son of Niall Ua Canannain, King of 

* O 

Cinel Conaill, moritur. 

Kal. A hosting by Maelsechlainn and Brian, and 
they carried off the hostages of the Foreigners. Brian, 
with the men of Mumhain, and Maelsechlainn, with the 
men of Midhe, went to the Connachtmen, and brought off 
their hostages. Dubhdhalethe, comarb of Patrick and 
Colum Cille, 1 quievit. Conaing Ua Cosgraigh, learned 
Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Diarmait, son of 
Domhnall, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, moritur. Gilla- 
Padraig, 2 son of Donnchadh, King of Osraighe, moritur. 3 
Gilla-Enain, son of Aghda, 4 King of Teabhtha, was slain 
by the Sil-Ronain. 

Kal. 5 Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, King of Laighen, 
was taken prisoner by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh. The 
Lia-Ailbhe 6 fell Cill-dara was plundered by the""* For- 
eigners of Ath-cliath. A great hosting by Maelsechlainn, 
son of Domhnall, and by Brian, son of Cennedigh, to 
Glen-mama; and the Foreigners of Ath-cliath came to 
attack them; but the Foreigners were defeated and 
slaughtered, together with Aralt, son of Amhlaibh, and 
Culen, son of Etigen, and the nobles of Ath-cliath ; and 
Maelsechlainn and Brian went afterwards to Ath-cliath, 
and remained a week there, and they carried off its gold, 
its silver, and its booty, and expelled 7 the King, viz., 
Sitric, son of Amhlaibh. Niall, son of Aghda, Royal 
heir of Teabhtha, was killed by the Calraighe at Cluain- 
muc-Nois, on the festival of Ciaran. Diarmaid, 8 son of 
Dunadhach, King of Sil-Anmchadha, was slain by the son 
of Comaltan, i.e. the King of Aidhne. A battle between 

"the chief fort of all Bregh," or 

''Expelled, tribpcrc., for " mafib- 
rac," or probably "irmafibyxtc," 
A. TTlarvbfac ("they killed"), B. 
" lonnoTib, " Tighernach (999). 
"lotinaftbctic," Four Mast. 

8 Diarmaid. The transcriber of A. 
writes ""OicqfiTTiccfii'o bThayiTnai-o," 
"Diarmarid or Diarmaid," as if in 
doubt as to the correct form. The 
latter is the form in which it occurs 
in other authorities. 





CROtncum scoronum. 

CCi-one. Car ei-oifi CCifipaUaiB ocuf Cmel Conaitl, T>U 
atxojican. illa Cn.ifc, Hi Conaille, er aln. TTlaol- 
peclainn .h. Tnaoiln.uanaiT> [Ri] Cfiemcamn, occifUf 
epr; T>a 1B Ceallai .1. Cuccnlle. 

]cb Cucaille .Tl. "Oomnaill, Ri T)ufiluf, -DO manba-o 
qae meabail T>O .h. Nell .1. T>O CCox*. 1m an. puifit; 
Lain^e mofimin.. "Na ^ a1 ^ a fl CCc clicrc .c. ir:efitjnn, 
ocuf an^ell T)O byiian. plairbejacac .h. Canannan, fii 
dnel Conaill, occifUf efc a -puif. Ceallac .h. TTIaoil- 
cofisup pyiim hegef Connacht:, mo|iir;u|i. Ce-o impu-o 
bfiiain er Connachc ccji TTlaoil-peclainn. Sluai^eT) la 
bfiian mac CinneT)i 50 flosaiB -Def^eifit: Connachr, ec 
50 nOffiai^iB, ocuf LaisniB, ocuf ^aill (Ira cliar, T>O 
cofifiachT:ain "CeTniiail, ache T>O coraafi na ^aill cfiec 
map.cac fiempa a TTla^ mOine^, conuf ca|i|ia'D TTIaol- 
peclainn ocuf co rru^ andyi. T)o T>eachaiT> b|iian 
mp.fin 50 "pefiTxi Nime irn TTlaig bfieg ^an car gan 

]ct. peyi^al mac Con am 5, Ri CCili|, mo|iir;ti|i. 
TTlaolpoil, Opfcop Cluana muc "Moi-p, er comapba 
pecm, quietus. 'Cocop CCra tuam T>O Tenum la 171 aol- 
l^eclamn mac *0omnaill, er; le Cacal mac Concupaip. 
"Oiap.mai-0 .tl. tachenam, Ri 'Geabra, occiftif e-pc a 
puif. Txxioji CCra cbas -DO 'oenum la TTlaolyeclainn 
50 p^uige lee na habann. bp.ian f-egnape mcipie. 

]ct. planT mac Go^am, ayi-o bfieitrem teire Cumn, 
Sluaicce-o la bfiian 50 fide tuam, 50 

1 Maelsechlainn. This entry is 
omitted in B. 

2 Kal. The correct date is 1000, 
as has been noted in the margin by 

8 Ath-cliath. After this word the 
letter .c. follows in A. and B. The 
word which it represents (if any) is 
not evident, and its presence there 
seems a mistake. 

4 Kal O'F. has prefixed the year 
1001 aa the correct date. 

8 Comarb of Feckin ; i.e. successor 
of Fechin, or Abbot of Fobhar (Fore, 
in Westmeath), or of Cong. 

6 Ath-cliath. The translator of the 
Annals of Clonmacnois (994, recti 
1001), states that Maelsechlainn 
"made a bridge at Ath-Lyag to the 
one-half e of the river." The Four 
Mast. (1000) also specify Ath-liag 
(now Lanesborough, in the county 
Longford), as the place where the 
causeway, or artificial ford, was made 



the Airghialla and the Cinel Conaill, in which Gilla- 
Christ, King of the Conaille, and others, were slain. 
Maelsechlainn 1 Ua Maeilruanaidh, [King] of Crimhthann, 
was slain by the Ui-Ceallaigh, i.e. by Cucaille. 

Kal. 2 Cucaille Ua Domhnaill, King of Durlus, was 
treacherously slain by Ua Neill, i.e. Aedh. Imhar of 
Port-Lairge moritur. The Foreigners again at Ath-cliath, 3 
and their hostages were given to Brian. Flaithbheartach 
Ua Canannain, King of Cinel Conaill, occisus est a suis. 
Ceallach Ua Maeilcorghus, chief poet of Connacht, 
moritur. The first turning of Brian, and of Connacht, 
against Maelsechlainn. A hosting by Brian, son of Cen- 
nedigh, with the armies of the south of Connacht, and 
with the Osraighe, and the Lagenians, and the Foreigners 
of Ath-cliath, to proceed to Temhair ; but the Foreigners 
went before them, with a plundering party of cavalry, 
into Magh-Bregh, until Maelsechlainn encountered them, 
and effected their slaughter. Brian afterwards went to 
Ferta-Nimhe in Magh-Bregh, without battle or plundering. 

Kal. 4 Fergal, son of Conaing, King of Ailech, moritur. 
Maelpoil, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, and comarb of 
Fechin, 5 quievit. The causeway of Ath-Luain was made 
by Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, and by Cathal, son of 
Conchobhar. Diarmaid Ua Lachtnain, King of Teabhtha, 
occisus est a suis. The causeway of Ath-cliath 6 was made 
by Maelsechlainn, as far as the middle of the river. Brian 
begins to reign. 

Kal. Flann, son of Eoghan, chief judge of Leth- 
Chuinn, [moritur]. A hosting by Brian to Ath-Luain, 7 so 





by Maelsechlainn. These authori- 
ties are probably correct, as Ath- 
cliath, or Dublin, was at this period 
subject to Brian, and neither that 
Monarch nor his Danish subjects of 
Dublin would tolerate such an as- 
sumption of authority on the part of 

Maelsechlainn, who had recently been 
forced to resign the supremacy in fa- 
vour of his more powerful rival. 

i Ath-Luain; i.e. Athlone. The 
F. M. and Tighernach have "Ath- 
cliath," or Dublin, which is certainly 
wrong. The correct date is 1002. 


cuoMicum scorxmtiTT). 

tTliT)e ocup ConnacVii;. TTleplecan mac Cumn, 
^aileng, DO mapbai) la TYlaolpeclamn. TYlaol- 
muoD mac *0uib5ilte, Hi "Oealbna berpa, mopicup. 
CumpsugaD .n. be^ulam 1 cCluam muc Noip. Sluaicce-o 
la bpian ec la TYlaolpeclainn, 50 ppepuib Gpenn umpu, 
einp Connachsaib ocu-p TYluimnechait5, ocup tai|necu, 
ocup $ullu, 50 pi$e *Dun "Oeal^a 1 ^ConailleB. CCoD 
mac "Oomnaill .n. Well, aip.T)|ii CCili, ec eochaiT>h 
mac CC|iT)5ail, Ri tllat) co ntlllcaiB, ocuf dnel Gogain 
ec Conaill, ocuf CCi^ialla, conayi lei^fei: peca pen, 
5Ufi p^ajiparxufi po opaT>, ^an p'all gan ait)ipe. 

]ct. plan n chart .Tl. Rua-oam, TO Copca TTloa, 
comop-ba Ciapdm Cluana muc "Moip, quietus. T)uncha'5 
.tl. TTlancam, comapba Caoimpn, quieuis. Ceallach 
mac *DiapmaT)a, Ri Oppai^e, DO mapbar) DO mac bpcircap 
a ar:ap .1. "OonnchaD mac ^illa paDpaic. CCoD .tl. 
Conpacla .1. Ri 'Ceabca, DO mapbaD DO tliB Concille. 

]ct. bpmn mac TDaoilpuanaiD, Ri mprap Connachc, 
DO mapbaD Da mtnnap spe celg. GochaiD .tl. plan- 
Ducam, CCipchmnech Lipp ai^eD CCipD TTIaca, ocup pui 
pencupa ^aoiDel, quieuic. Cat Cpaoibe celcu eiDip 
UllroiB ocup dnel nCo^am, pip maiD pop tlllroiB, 
50 csopcuip ann GochaiD mac CCpt^ail, Ri UlaD, ec 
"Duprumne a bpacaip, ocup Da mac GochaDa .1. CuDUib% 
ocup T)omnall, ec $aipbi, Ri .h. nGcach, 

mac 'Comalcail, es Cumupccac mac 
"Dupplanga mac CCoDa, er: Catalan mac Grpoc, 
Conene mac TTluipcepT:ai5, ocup popgla 

1 Bethra. Grfxa, A., in which the 
characters " b b" (" or b") are written 
over the first letter, to signify that 
the word may be written Ethra, or 
Bethra, as at p. 138, supra. It is 
more frequently written "Eathra." 
The territory of Dealbhna- Eathra 
comprised the entire of the present 
barony of Garrycastle, King's county, 
except the parish of Lusmagh, which, 

although situated at the eastern side 
of the Shannon, belonged to the Sil- 
Anmchadha, or O'Maddens, who were 
seated at the western side of that 

2 Kal The correct year, 1003, 
has been prefixed by O'F. 

8 King of Teabhtha. tli Teabca. 
These words, which occur as a gloss 
over the name of Aedh, in A., are 



that he carried off the hostages of Midhe and Connacht. A.D. 
Merlechan, son of Conn, King of Gaileng, was killed by pioooi 
Maelsechlainn. Maelmhuaidh, son of Dubhgilla, King 
of Dealbhna Bethra, 1 moritur. The deposing of Ua 
Begulain at Cluain-muc-Nois. A hosting by Brian and 
Maelsechlainn, accompanied by the men of Erinn, both 
Connachtmen, and Momonians, and Lagenians, and For- 
eigners, as far as Dun-Dealga in Conaille. Aedh, son 
of Domhnall Ua Neill, chief King of Ailech, and Eochaidh, 
son of Ardgal, King of Uladh, with the Ulidians, and the 
Cinel Eoghain, and Cinel Conaill, and Airghialla, came to 
meet them, so that they did not let them proceed further ; 
and they separated in peace, without pledge or hostage. 

Kal. 2 Flannchadh Ua Ruadhain, of the Corca-Mogha, [1001.] 
comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Donnchadh 
Ua Manchain, comarb of Caemhghen, quievit. Ceallach, 
son of Diarmaid, King of Osraighe, was killed by the son 
of his father's brother, i.e. by Donnchadh, son of Gilla- 
Padraic. Aedh Ua Confiacla, i.e. King of Teabhtha, 3 
was slain by the Ui-Conchille. 

Kal. Brian, son of Maelruanaidh, King of the West of [1002.] 
Connacht, was killed by his own people, through deceit. 
Eochaidh Ua Flannacain, Airchinnech of the Lis-aiged 4 
of Ard-Macha, and a distinguished professor of history of 
the Gaeidhel, quievit. The battle of Craebh-telcha be- 
tween the Ulidians and the Cinel Eoghain, and the 
Ulidians were defeated, and there were slain there 
Eochaidh, son of Ardgal, King of Uladh, and his brother 
Dubhtuinne ; and Eochaidh's two sons, viz., Cuduiligh and 
Domhnall ; and Gairbhith, King of Ui-Echach ; and Gilla- 
Padraic, son of Tomaltach; and Cumusgach, son of Flaithri; 
and Dubhslanga, son of Aedh; and Cathalan, son of Etroch; 
and Conene, son of Muircertach, and the most of the Uli- 

misplaced in B., in -which they appear 
before the name " Donnchadh" in the 
preceding entry. 

* Lis-aiged; i.e. " Fort of the 
guests." This is properly the year 



anchena ; ocuf fta fiacn amcni^um 50 T)un Gcac, en 
50 *0fiuim bo. CCot> mac *0omnaill .h. "Hell, Ri CCib|, 
en RigDamna Gfienn, -DO nuimm appfiinsuin an cara. 
"Oonnchait .tl. Lom5fi, Ri *Dail CC|\ai^e, ocuf T 11 ^" 
Damn a Ulaf>, -DO mafiba-o an, na m attach T>O Cm el 
Waoman mac TTlaoilciafiam, pfiim cep.T) 6|ienn, 

jet. Hobnail, mac ^orp|iiT;, mic CCftailr;, Ri na 
^iolta Com^aill mac CCfiD^ail, ec 
a 7>a mac, ec T>a cer> timpu, T>O mayibaf) T>O ITIaol- 
fiuanai"5 mac CCfiDgail, 05 cofnam ^156 Ula'5 cpe 
meaBait. Sluaiccei) la b|iian 50 ppefiuib efieann, co 
dnel nOo^am, ocup 50 htlllcoiB, t)o cumn^iTy pall, 
afi -pUT) TTli'be ^ombacrafi ai-oce a c'Cailsm ; affiTe 
50 CCfvo TTIaca, gombaccafi feccmam ann, 50 paji5ait5 
.ocx. tin^a 7)6fi pofi alroifi CCifiT) TTIaca. Locr:afi 
50 "Dal CCfiai'oe, 50 Txu^fac air;i|ie *Dail 
CCfiai'oe, en ai-oijie tHar>. CCc clian T>O lopcca^ T>O 
oeif56|ic bfie^ 1 mejile. Cinao-5 mac T)uit5 mic TTlaoil- 
coltnm, Ri CClban, T>O mayibaT) la TTlaolcoltum mac 
Cinao-ba. CCo-o, 61^115 "Cfieoi-oe, quieuin. "Domnall, 
Bpfcop TTIaiiiifC|ie6, quieum. TTltiifiiccan bocr, co- 
mafiba poDfiaic .111. annip, quieuir. 

]ct. 1mpo*5 pit*, ocuf f oimnne, ocup bir> ifin ^emfiitn) 
fa stifi paf an T>uille er; an cynm ann. TTlaolfiuanai'D 
mac CCoT>a .n. "Oup-oa, Ri .Tl. TDuinifj ocuf 
amac [.1. Ttlaolfeclamn, octif a brianhaip, .1. $et5ennach, 
mofinui funn]. TTloiifluai^e'D ppet 1 nGfienn la bfiian 
mac CinneT)i, la Ri| TTluman, 50 Cmel Conaill ocuf 

iJTat The correct date (1005) 
has been prefixed by O'Flaherty. 

2 King of the Islands; i.e. of the 
western Islands of Scotland. 

8 Muirigan Bocht; i.e. Muirigan 
" the poor." 


Patrick, p., A. papa, B. 

6 Kal. This is properly the year 
1006, as O'F. has noted in the margin. 

6 Food. The Anglo-Saxon" Chron. 
states that a great famine prevailed 
in England during the year 1005; 
and Florence of Worcester adds that 
Svein, King of the Danes, returned 
to Denmark on account of it It mav 


dians in like manner ; and the battle extended to Dun- A.D. 
Echach and to Druim-b6. Aedh, sonofDomhnallUaNeill, [1002.] 
King of Ailech, and Royal heir of Erinn, fell in the heat 
of the battle. Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, King of Dal- 
Araidhe, and Royal heir of Uladh, was slain on the morrow 
by the Cinel Eoghain. Naemhan, son of Maelciarain, chief 
artificer of Erinn, moritur. 

Kal. 1 Raghnall, son of Gothfrith, son of Aralt, King of [1003.] 
the Islands, 2 moritur. Gillacomgaill, son of Ardgal, and 
his two sons, and 200 along with them, were slain by 
Maelruanaidh, son of Ardgal, contending for the sove- 
reignty of Uladh, through treachery. A hosting by Brian, 
with the men of Erinn, to the Cinel Eoghain and to the 
Ulidians, to demand hostages. They went through Midhe, 
so that they were a night at Taillten; from thence to 
Ard-Macha, where they remained a week, and Brian left 
twenty ounces of gold on the altar of Ard-Macha. They 
proceeded from thence to Dal-Araidhe, and they carried 
off the hostages of Dal-Araidhe, and the hostages of 
Uladh. Ath-cliath was burned by the men of the south 
of Bregh, by stealth. Cinaedh, son of Dubh, son of 
Maelcoluim, King of Alba, was killed by Maelcoluim, son 
of Cinaedh. Aedh, Bishop of Treoid, quievit. Domhnall, 
Bishop of Mainister-.Buife, quievit. Muirigan Bocht, 3 
comarb of Patrick 4 during three years, quievit. 

Kal. 6 Return of peace and fair weather, and of food, 6 [1004.] 
in this winter, in which the foliage and wild garlic grew. 
Maelruanaidh, son of Aedh Ua Dubhda, King of Ui- 
Fiachrach-Muirisge, and his son [i.e. Maelsechlainn, 7 and 
his brother, i.e. Gebhennach, mortui sunt]. A great 
hosting of the men of Erinn by Brian, son of Cennedigh, 
King of Mumhain, to the Cinel Conaill and Cinel Eoghain, 

be inferred from the above entry that 
the famine prevailed in Ireland also. 
7 Maelsechlainn. This entry being 

has been taken of supplying the clause 
within brackets from the Annala of 


incomplete in A. and 13., the liberty 



, -DO cuiiinge-D 51 all, rpe lap. Connacht;, pop. 

, ^ap, lap Conaill, cpi Cinel 60501 n co belac 
T)Uin, ocup po pallfar;, imoppo, UUro -oon peachs fin, 
ec ni ruspcrc palla 6 Conall no o Go^an. TTIaol na 
mbo, Hi .h. Cenpiolaig, a puip occipup epc. CCip- 
meT>ac, Gppcop CCip-o TTlaca, quieuu;. 

let. 1TlaolpuanaiT> mac CCp-o^ail, Hi Ulcro, occipup 
eft; o TTlaTHn>an mac "Oomnaill. TT1aT)iiT)an mac T)om- 
naill, -on a, TO mapba-D -oon "Oopc -pop. lap, "Dtnne 
Lerh^laipi "oap. ep-rec naom Openn. Cuconnachc mac 
T)unaT>ai5, caoipec Sil CnmcaT>a, T>O mapba-o cpe 
la TTltipchaT)h mac bpiam. CC^nua-Da-D aonai| 
la TTI aolpeclai n n . 611 eclap alcoi pe m 01 pe Clu an a m u c 
Noip -DO cennac la TTlaolfeclamn mac *0omnaill, ocup 
pece cec lip a TniT>e T>a cmn. Boipgela mop Colinm 
Cille T)O T)ub5aiT: ipin ai"oce ap m T>epT)um an T)aim- 
moip Cenannpa. CCn Soipgela mop Colaim Cille 

accm paire, lap. n^aio a oip T>e, ocup a ap^aic, 
ocup poic caipip. 1n T^opc, Hi UluT>, occipup epr cpe 
nepc "Oe ocup paDpaic. *Domnull mac *0uibt:uinne, 
Hi Ula^, T)O mapba-o T>O TTluipeT)ac mac 

1 Conall; i.e. the Cinel Conaill, for 
whom is here substituted the name of 
their ancestor, Conall, son of Niall of 
the Nine Hostages. 

Eoghan. By this name is signi- 
fied the Cinel Eoghain, who were 
descended from Eoghan, another son 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages. The 
account of this expedition given by 
the Four Masters, at A.D. 1005, pur- 
ports to be an extract from the " Book 
of Cluain-muc-Nois" and the " Book 
of the Island." The entry is not 
in Mageoghegan's translation of the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, the original 
of which is not forthcoming; and 
there is little doubt that, had Mageo- 
ghegan found such a record in the 

volume which he professed to trans- 
late, he would not have omitted it, as 
the authority of his version is in 
man^ places affected by his extreme 
partiality for his hero, Brian. It is 
most likely that the " Book of Cluain- 
muc-Nois" referred to was the ancient 
original of the present chronicle. See 

8 The Tore; i.e, "the Boar," an 
epithet of Dubhtuinne, King of Uladh, 
or Ulidia. See note 9 , next page. 
The correct date is 1007. 

4 In the middle of Dun-leth-glaise. 
Ptctfi -DUI, A. B., which is corrupt. 
The text has been corrected from the 
Four Mast. 



to demand hostages. They marched through the middle 
of Connacht, over Eas-Ruaidh, through the middle of 
Cinel Conaill, through Cinel Eoghain, to Belach-duin ; 
and the Ulidians, moreover, gave hostages on that occa- 
sion, but they brought no hostages from Conall, 1 nor from 
Eoghan. 2 Mael-na-mbo, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, was 
slain by his own people. Airmedhach, Bishop of Ard- 
Macha, quievit. 

Kal. Maelruanaidh, son of Ardgal, King of Uladh, was 
slain by Madudhan, son of Domhnall. Madudhan, son of 
Domhnall, was slain, however, by the Tore, 3 in the middle 
of Dun-leth-glaise, 4 against the protection of the saints of 
Erinn. Cuconnacht, son of Dunadhach, chieftain of Sil- 
Anmchadha, was treacherously killed by Murchadh, son 
of Brian. Renewal of the fair of Taillten, by Maelsechlainn. 
The Eneclar 5 of the great altar of Cluain-muc-Nois was 
purchased by Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, and a hide 
was given from each fort in Midhe on account thereof. 
The great Gospel 6 of Colum Cille was wickedly stolen, 7 
in the night, out of the Erdamh 8 of the great Stone-church 
of Cenannus. The great Gospel of Colum Cille was found 
before the end of a quarter, after its gold and silver had 
been stolen off it, and sods over it. The Tore, 9 King of 
Uladh, was slain through the power of God and Patrick. 10 
Domhnall, son of Dubhtuinne, King of Uladh, was killed 
by Muiredhach, son of Madudhan, and by Uargaeth 11 of 



6 Eneclar. The exact nature of 
this article has not been discovered. 
The last syllable of the name, clar, 
means a board. It is called the 
"Carrachan of Solomon's Temple," at 
the year 1125, infra. 

6 Gospel. Soi-pgelct. This splendid 
manuscript of the Gospels, known as 
the "Book of Kells," is now pre- 
served in the library of Trinity College, 

7 Was mckedly stolen. "Do rub- 

lit. "was black-stolen." 
* Erdamh. See note 7 , p. 133. 

9 The Tore; i.e. "the Boar." See 
note a , last page. 


10 p., A. papa, B. 

11 Uargaeth. This, if the name of 
a person, is not elsewhere mentioned 
in this chronicle. It signifies lit. 
"the cold wind, 1 ' and possibly may 
not be a proper name at all. 



es -DO Uansaei; SleBe uan;. 'Cucrcal .tl. TYlailmaca, 
comafiba pcrofiaic im TTlurnhain [qtneint;]. 

]ct. pep/oomnach, comajiba Coluim Citte, qtneuu;. 
8icc mop,, ocuf -pnecroa o .11111. !T>. 6naifi 50 
TTluifie-Dac fin Gpfcop, mac bficrcctfi CCmmifie 
T>O mtichcro a nuaim a n^ailen^aiB Cofiamn 6 


]ct. *DuBcabtai|, mgen Ri Connactic, ben 
mic CinneT)i5, mo|iiT:ufi. TDa'DU'Dan, Hi pi CCnmcha-Da, 
occifUf eft: a -pfiaqae -puo. Clo^na mac CCongu-pa, 
-pile Oipenn, mo|iiT;u|i. TATO^ "OubfUilec, mac 
Connachc, occifUf efc 6 Conmacnaib. 

]ct. Cacal mac Concupaip, Hi Connachr, T>O 65 a 
naibcpe. TYlafican mac CiirmeT;i, cenn TDuman itlei 
o deficit), qtneuir;. Conain^ mac CCcyoacam, 6pfcop 
Cluana muc "Moif, TX> TTlus'DOfiiiai 
8luai56T la bfiian 50 Claonloca Sle^e 
aiT)ip,e duel Gogain ec Ula-D. T)ep.bail 
mic Cacail, moyncuti. C|iunnmaol, Gpfcop, 

]ct. plairbeyirac .n. Ce^nen, comafiba 
ec epfcop, T>O 5um T)ipe|ioib Opepne, ocuf a 65 
luai|eT> la bfimn 50 TTla^ Cofiamn, 50 pug lef Rig 
Cmeoil Conaill .1. Tnaolfiuanai'D .n. TTlaol'DO|iai'D -pina 
yi6|i 50 Cenn Cofiau plann .tl. "Oonncha-oa, comofiba 
Oena, quieuic. 

]cl. 'Ce'om mop. .1. cnoc ocuf rfieasait;, a 
TTlacha, o Samum 50 beal^ame, gun. map,p 

i Comarb of Patrick; i.e. "Suc- 
cessor of Patrick." O'F. adds " Ar- 
chiepiscopus Momoniae" in the margin. 
The name of Patrick is represented by 


P. in A. B. reads " Papa." 

* Ainmire Bocht ; i.e. Ainmire "the 
poor." The correct year is 1008, as 
O'F. has noted in the margin. 

Kal O'F. has prefixed the date 

4 Dubhsuilech ; i,e. " the black- 
eyed." O'F. has added a marginal 
note, now illegible. 

6 Kal. O'Flaherty has prefixed the 
year 1010 as the correct date. 

6 Derbhail. A marginal note, now 
mutilated, has been added by O'F., 
intimating that Derbhail was the 
mother of Aedh Ua Neill, Lord of 
Ailech, for the particulars of whose 
death he refers to the Annals of the 



Sliabh Fuaid. Tuathal Ua Maeilmacha, comarb of Patrick 1 
in Mumliain, [quievit]. 

Kal. Ferdomhnach, comarb of Colum Cille, quievit. 
Great frost and snow from the eighth of the Ides of 
January to Easter. Muiredhach, a sage Bishop, brother's 
son of Ainmire Bocht, 2 was suffocated in a cave, in 
Gailenga of Corann, by Ua Ruairc. 

Kal. 3 Dubhcabhlaigh, daughter of the King of Con- 
nacht, wife of Brian, son of Cennedigh, moritur. 
Madudhan, King of Sil-Anmchadha, was slain by his 
own brother. Qothna, son of Aengus, chief poet of 
Erinn, moritur. Tadhg Dubhsuilech, 4 son of the King 
of Connacht, was slain by the Conmaicne. 

Kal. 5 Cathal, son of Conchobhar, King of Connacl;t, 
died on a pilgrimage. Marcan, son of Cennedigh, head of 
Mumhain, as regards its clerics, quievit. Conaing, son 
of Aedhacan, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, (of the Mugh- 
dhorna-Maighen), quievit. A hosting by Brian to 
Claenlocha of Sliabh Fuaid ; and he carried off the hos- 
tages of Cinel Eoghain, and of Uladh. Derbhail, 6 daughter 
of Tadhg, son of Cathal, moritur. Crunnmael, a Bishop, 

Kal. FlaithbhertachUaCethnen, comarb of Tighernach,^ 
and Bishop, was wounded by the men of Breifne, and 
died afterwards. A hosting by Brian to Magh-Corainn, 
and he took with him the King of Cinel Conaill, i.e. 
Maelruanaidh Ua Maeldoraidh, in submission, to Cenn- 
coradh. Flann Ua Donnchadha, comarb of Oena, 8 quievit. 

KaL 9 A great malady, viz., boils and colic, in Ard- 
Macha, from Allhallowtide till May, so that it killed a 

Four Masters, at the year A.D. 1033, 
where Aedh, "Lord of Ailech, and 
heir to the sovereignty of Erinn," is 
stated to have died " on the night of 
St. Andrew's festival, after laudable 
penance and mortification." 

* Comarb of Tighernach ; i.e. suc- 
cessor of Tighernach, and consequently 

Abbot of Cluain-eois, or Clones, in the 
co. of Monaghan. The correct date 
is 1011. 

8 Comarb of Oena ; i.e. successor of 
Endeus of Aran. 

Kal. The date 1012 has been 
prefixed by O'Flaherty. 









ocup meic leiinn im-oa, ocup a Cppcop .1. Cen-opaota-b 
an cabailL 

jet. "Oepbail m^en Con^alai^ mic Tnaolmirhi-o, 
in^en Ri| Openn, "ohec. Cpec mop la hllalaps .ll. 
Ciap-ba, la Tli Coipbpe, ec la mac Neill .tl. Uuaipc, 
ec la pepuit5 "Ceabra hi n^ailengaiB, co cappa-o luchc 
ci^e TTlaoileclamn lap nol ippm uai|i i^n, 50 rr:a|iT)far; 
ca^ T)0ib r;|ie -oiumuf, 50 txo|icai|i ann *DonnchaT mac 
1Daoileclainn, ocuf *Dubt:aicli5 .ll. TTlaoilcalldin, 
"Oelbna bice, ec "Oonncha-o mac "Oonnca-ba 

na 'Cemjiach, ocu-p Cefinac mac 
Hi iuigne, ocuf enan .h. teo[c]am, Ri 
aln. TTIaolfeclainn -DO rofijiachram 50 pafi^a acca 
na Cabala, ec 50 T^oficaip lef Ualap.^ .tl. 
Co^a-o moyi eiT>ip, ^alloiB ocuf aoi-oeali 
la TTluficha'b mac bfnam hi Lai^mB, ^Uji aip an 
50 ^lenn -oa locha, ocuf 50 Cill TDaisnenn, 
an ci|i ocuf gup. Longaf mon. T>O cecc o na 
^alloiB ifin mumam, gup loifgfic Copcach, -pe-o T)etif 
umT)icatiir; fr;acim, ayiyio mafiba'o CCmlaiB mac ir;|ii- 
ucca .1. mac 1115 ^all, ocuf TTIar^amain mac "Oup^aill 
mic CCmlaiB, o Caal mac T)omnaill mic T)tnbT)a- 
bai|ienn, "oolofe. mop. la TTlaolfeclainn accpich 
loifcc an cip co 6rap, 50 rappa'5 Sicpicc 
TTlaolmop-Da cpec T>a cpechaiB, gup mapbpac T>a 
T>I im plann mac TTlaoileclainn, ocup Lopcan mac 

i The Sdbhatt. CCti rabaill, for 
an cfabcntl, A. B. The Sabhall, 
lit. " the Barn," was a small church, 
or oratory, which formerly existed at 
Armagh, for an account of which see 
the Rev. Dr. Reeves's Essay on the 
" Ancient Churches of Armagh" p. 15. 

Derbhail. O'F., who prefixes the 
date " 1013," adds the marginal note 
" Mater Congalii filii Conquovari, 
Offalise Domini: Cod. Lee.," inti- 
mating that in the Book of Lecan 

(Tract on Celebrated Women, ff. 184 
to 189), Derbhail is described as 
the mother of Congalach, son of 
Conchobhar, Lord of Ui-Failghe, or 

Ualarg. " Ualgharg," Four Mast. 
"Ualgarc," Ann. Ult. The name 
" Ualgharg" signifies lit. " fierce 

4 Leo\ch~\ain. Leoain, A. B. Cor- 
rected from the Ann. Four Mast, and 
the Ann. Ult The name Ua Leo- 



great number of seniors and students, and their Bishop, 
i.e. Cennfaeladh of the Sabhall. 1 

Kal. Derbhail, 2 daughter of Congalach, son of Mael- 
mithidh, i.e. daughter of the King of Erinn, died. -A 
great depredation was committed by Ualarg 3 Ua Ciardha, 
King of Cairbre, and by the son of Niall Ua Ruairc, and 
by the men of Teabhtha, in Gaileng ; and the household 
of Maelechlainn met them, and being then after drinking, 
they gave them battle, through pride, and Donnchadh, son 
of Maelechlainn, and Dubhtaichligh Ua Maeilcallain, chief 
of Delbhna-bec, and Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Finn, 
Royal heir of Temhair, and Cernach, son of Flann, King 
of Luighne, and Senan Ua Leo[ch]ain, 4 King of Gaileng, 
and others, were slain there. Maelsechlainn pursued 
them, so that the spoils were left with him ; and Ualarg 5 
Ua Ciardha was slain by him. Great war between the 
Foreigners and the Gaeidhel. A great depredation by 
Murchadh, son of Brian, in Laighen, and he plundered 
the country to Glenn-da-locha, and to Cill-Maighnenn, so 
that he burned and pillaged the territory. A great fleet 
from the Foreigners arrived in Mumhain, and they burned 
Corcach; but God avenged the deed immediately, for 
Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, i.e. son of the King of the For- 
eigners, and Mathghamhain, son of Dubhgall, son of 
Amhlaibh, were treacherously slain by Cathal, son of 
Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhairenn. A great depredation 
by Maelsechlainn in the territory of the Foreigners, 6 and 
he burned the country as far as Etar ; but Sitric and 
Maelmordha overtook one of his preying parties, and slew 
200 thereof, together with Flann, son of Maelechlainn, 



chain, or O'Leochain, is now angli- 
cised "Loughan," and incorrectly 
translated " Duck." 

5 Ualarg. See note *, last page. 

6 The territory of the Foreigners; 
i.e. "the district occupied by the For- 
eigners to the north of Dublin, the 

exact limits of which have not yet 
been ascertained. The name "Fine- 
Gall" (" territory of the Foreigners"), 
anglicised Fingal, is now applied to a 
district in the county of Dublin, ex- 
tending about 15 miles to the north 
of the city. 


cRotncum scoTontmi. 

Ri Cineoil TTlecaifi, er: cet;en.of\ T)omnatl 
mac Ccrchait, Rig-Damn a Conn ache, -DO mafiba-D la .h., er TYlas nCCe tnle 7>o lofccaT> er; 

]ct. "Pel Sfusoin, fiia nmi7) ifin blia-Dam p, er; mm 
Caifcc a famfiaT), quo-o non atiTneum epr;. Sluaise-D 
la bfii'an mac Cinne-oij, mic tojicain, la Ri Ofienn, er: 
la TTlaolfeclainn, la ^115 'Cemyiach, 50 hCOc cliac. 
^aill an T>omam -DO neoc baoi T>IO^ o Lochlam fiap, 
|io cionoilfiT: an 01501-0 Opicctfi ocuf TTIaoileclainn ; .x. 
ceT) leo. Cuifvcep. ca6 cjio^a amnuf eru|i|ia, 
DO na pn,ic feT) na yamail if na haimfioyiaiB feo, 50 
raofichain. an-o b|iian mac Cm 1167)15, ^T 1 " T 11 ^fienn 
er; ^all, er; b|ier:an .lxocx.uin. anno aerarif fuae, 
en TTlup.cha'o mac bfiiam, Ri^Damna hSjienn .laMn. 
anno aeeacif fuae, er; 'Coijifi-oelbach mac Tnun.chaT>a, 
mic bfiiam, er; Conam^ mac "Dumncuan, mac b|iar;afi 
bfiiam, o^uf TTIo^la mac "Domnaill, mic "Paeldm, Hi 
na nT)eifi TTiuman, ocuf 6ocu mac "Dunaxiais, er; Miall 
.h. Cuinn, ocuf CuTJtnlis mac dnne-oig, r;|ii caoimn 
bjiiam, ec 'Cattg .n. Ceallaig, Ui .n. TTlaine, er; 
TTlaol|iuanai > D .h. Grun, Hi CCi-one, er; 5 e ^ enT1ct c mac 
"Oubucan, Ui pen. 1Hai|;e, er; TTlac ber;aT mic TTluin.- 
Claoin, Ri Ciayin-ai^e Luacjia, ocuf T)omnall 

1 Domhnall. " Hoc infra post Cluain 
Tarbh proelium." Marg. note, O'F. 
The killing of Domhnall, which, as 
O'F. has remarked, is also entered 
under the next year, is likewise twice 
recorded in the Ann. Ult., and the 
Ann. Four Mast., viz., under the 
years 1012 and 1013, equal to 1013 
and 1014, respectively. 

2 Little Easter ; i.e. Low Sunday. 
O'Flaherty has added the criteria for 
the year in the margin, viz. : " Lit. 
Dom. C. Aureus Numerus, 8. Octava 
Pascha, 2 Maii, sed 50 m (Quinqu- 

gesima) 7 Martii." The Ann. Four 
Mast., which have the battle of Clon- 
tarf under the year 1013, state that 
it was fought on Good Friday ; and 
in the Chronicle of Marianus Scotus, 
that day is said to have been the 9th 
of the Kalends of May, i.e. the 23rd 
of April. The correct year, therefore, 
was 1014. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, 
p. 435. 

8 Battle. The orig. hand has added 
the words "cercti Ctuancc rctfib," 
" battle of Cluain Tairbh (Clontarf)," 
in the marg. 



and Lorcan, son of Echtighern, King of Cinel-Mechair, 
and others. Domhnall, 1 son of Cathal. Royal heir of 
Connacht, was killed by Ua Maeildoraidh, and all Magh- 
nAei was burned and plundered. 

Kal. The feast of Gregory before Shrovetide in this 
year, and Little Easter 2 in summer, which was not heard 
before. A hosting by Brian, son of Cennedigh, son of 
Lorcan, King of Erinn, and by Maelsechlainn, King 
of Temhair, to Ath-cliath. The Foreigners of the World 
such as were of them from Lochlann westwards 
assembled against Brian and Maelechlainn. The For- 
eigners had with them 1,000 coats of mail. A spirited, 
fierce battle 3 was fought between them, for which no equal, 
or likeness, has been found in these times, and Brian, 
son of Cennedigh, chief King of Erinn, and of the For- 
eigners, and of Britain, was slain there, in the 88th 4 
year of his age ; and Murchadh, son of Brian, Royal heir 
of Erinn, in the 63rd year of his age ; and Toirdhealbhach, 
son of Murchadh, son of Brian ; and Conaing, son of Donn- 
cuan, the son of Brian's brother; 5 and Mothla, son of 
Domhnall, son of Faelan, King of the Deisi-Mumhan ; 
and Eochu, son of Dunadhach, and Niall Ua Cuinn, and 
Cuduiligh, son of Cennedigh the three companions 6 of 
Brian ; and Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, King of Ui Maine ; and 
Maelruanaidh Ua Edhin, King of Aidhne ; and Gebhen- 
nach, son of Dubhagan, King of Feara-Maighe ; and the 
son of Betadh, son of Muiredhach Claen, King of Ciar- 
raighe-Luachra ; and Domhnall, son of Diarmaid, King 




* The 88th. The birth of Brian is 
entered under the year 922 (rectd 
923), supra. He was, therefore, in 
the 91st year of his age. But the 
Ann. Ult. have the "Nativity of 
Brian" at the year 941=942, accord- 
ing to which he was only 72 years 
old at the time of his death. This, 
however, is inconsistent with the 

statement that his son, Murchadh, 
was 63 years old when he was slain. 

6 The son of Brian's brother; i.e. 
Conaing was the son of Donncuan, 
who was Brian's brother. 

6 Companions. Caoitnti, A. B. 
Comecn>i, "guards." Wars of the 
Gaedhil with the Gaitt, p. 166. 



mac "OiapmoDa, Ri Copca baipcmn, ocup Scanlan mac 
Ri Oo$anacT>a iocu ten, ec "Oomnall mac 

, mic Camiug, et: aln 1.0 

50 CC clia, gup paomeT) pop ^alloiB ocup 
pop tai5nit5, qua nepi; car:hair;e, et imbualta, ec 
cpOT>achT;a, 50 ccopchaip ann TTlaolm6pT>a mac Tlflup- 
chaT>a, mic PI tin, Ri lai%en, ec T3uaral .Tl. [Uj^aipe, 
|H5T>amna Laigen, ec mac biio^ayibdm, mic Concupaifi 
ing-oamna .n. ppait^e, &c muln, ojuf 50 txop.cai|i 
ann "Oupgall mac CCmlaiB, ec ^illa ciayiain mac ^lum 
iap.amn, T>a fu^Damna 'gall, ocuf 8icp|iiT: mac toT>aifi, 
1a|ila 1nnp Ofic, ec bjiuaDafi raoifioc na nT)anap, 
ocuf af e |io mayib Op.ian, ocup tucr; na m^ec ceT) lui|iec 
uite, naf lu^a TDG T>O jiocfiarxon. cpica CGT) T>O 5lloiB 
ann. Ca eiT>i|i Uib Gcac mapec, eiT)i|i Cian mac ITlaoil- 
muaiT er; "Oomnall mac "DuibTiabain-enn, 50 T^ofichaip: 
ann Cian er Cashal, ocup Rogallach, cp.1 meic 
TTlaoilmhtiaiT>, ocuf a\i irnpu- Sluaicce-D la "OonnchaT> 
mac bfiiam a nT)ef5e|iT: ne^ienn, gup. mayip Cachal mac 
"Oomnaill, ei: 50 c^ug giall o T)omnall. Imaipe^ 
eiT)i|i T)a mac bp.iain .1. "DonnchaT* ec ^0^5. TDaoi'Dhe'D 
pop "Oonncha-D. "Do CHIT: ann Ruai-opi .Tl. 
Ri CCpoD, ec aln. TDunlang mac 'Cuarhail, Ri 
mopicup. Sluaige-o la .Tl. TTIaolT)opaiT>, ec la .Tl. 
Ruaipcc a TTla^ naoi, ^up. mapppar: "Oomnall mac 
Carhail, ocup puccpac palla ConnacTir. plairbeprac 
mac "Oomnaill .1. -m damn Colmain T)6, comapba 

1 Of CatTial. Supplied from the 
Ann. Ult. and the Four Mast., a blank 
being left for the name in A., as if 
the transcriber found it illegible in 
his original. It is also omitted in B. 

2 Domhnall. In the Ann. Ult, 
and Ann. Four Mast., he is called 
"TTloyx mccefi TTlaiTi i tiCClbain," 
"great steward of Mar, in Alba" 
(Scotland). See O'Flaherty's Offygia, 
part III., cap. 81. 

8 Grandson, tl. for tlucc, or Ua, 
A. B. The Four Masters state that 
Tuathal was the son of Ugaire, on 
which Dr. O'Donovan remarks, " this 
is a mistake, because Tuathal, son of 
Ugaire, died in 956. It should be, 
as in the Annals of Inisfallen, ' Mac 
Tuathail/ Le. son of Tuatbal, son of 
Ugaire, or Dunlaing, son of Tuathal, 
son of Ugaire." Ann. F. M. ad an. 
777, n. i. But the death of this 



of Corca-Bhaiscinn ; and Scanlan, son [of Cathal], 1 
King of Eoghanacht-locha-Leln ; and Domhnall, 2 son of 
Emhin, son of Cainnech, and others. The battle raged, 
viz., from the Tulcadh to Ath-cliath, and the victory 
was gained over the Foreigners and the Lagenians, 
through dint of battling, striking, and bravery ; and there 
fell Maelmordha, son of Murchadh, son of Finn, King of 
Laighen ; and Tuathal, grandson 3 of [UJgaire, Royal heir 
of Laighen ; and the son of Brogarbhan, son of Conchobhar,- 
Royal heir of Ui-Failghe ; and many others. And there were 
slain there Dubhgall, son of Amhlaibh, and Gillaciarain, 
son of Glun-iarainn, two Royal heirs of the Foreigners ; 
and Sichfrith, son of Lodar, Earl of Innsi-Orc ; 4 and 
Bruadar, chief of the Danars and it was he that killed 
Brian ; and the entire band of 1,000 men in armour ; so 
that not less than 3,000 Foreigners fell there. A battle 
between the Ui-Echach themselves, i.e. between Cian, son 
of Maelmhuaidh, and Domhnall, son of Dubhdhabhairenn, 
in which Cian, and Cathal, and Raghallach, three sons of 
Maelmhuaidh, were slain, and a multitude 5 about them. 
A hosting by Donnchadh, son of Brian, to the south of 
Erinn ; and he killed Cathal, son of Domhnall, and re- 
ceived hostages from Domhnall. A conflict between the 
two sons of Brian, viz., Donnchadh and Tadhg. Donnchadh 
was defeated. Ruaidhri Ua Donnagain, King of Aradh, 
and others, fell there. Dunking, 6 son of Tuathal, King of 
Laighen, moritur. A hosting by Ua Maeildoraidh and 
by Ua Ruairc, to Magh-nAei ; and they killed Domhnall, 7 
son of Cathal, and carried off the hostages of Connacht. 
Flaithbhertach, son of Domhnall (i.e. he was of the 



Dunlaing appears a little further 
on under this year, where he is said 
to have been " King of Laighen," not 
" Royal heir." 

* Innsi-Orc. Oyvc, B. By "Innsi- 
Orc" are meant theOrcades, or Orkney 

8 A multitude. dfl, lit. " a 

6 Dunlaing. See note 3 , last page. 

i Domhnall. This entry, . slightly 
varied, is also found under the year 
1011. See note \ p. 250. 


Ciapdm, ocuf pnmam, qtnetnt; m Chpipco. Conn .M. 
TMuspaiT), comapbaT* Caoimpn, qinetnc. "Domnall tl 
hCCipt;, Hi T^eabra, mopisup. 

jet. Sluaige-o la "Oomnall mac "Otnb-oabaipenn 50 
ttnmnech. "Oa mac bpiam .1. "Oonnchai) ec ^ar>5 50 
pluasai) "OnoD TDumhan [an, a cm7>]. mcep ca 
ecoppa. TYlaoi'ohe'o pop T>epceipT; nGpenn, ocup *oo 
cuic ann TDomnall. 8tuaief> [la TTflaelfechlamn 
la .h.] Well, ocuf la .h. maolT>on.aiT>h [50 CCc 

m T>un [ocuf ^ac apaiBe 6 T>un amac 'DO 
conT)eacar)a|i [iapom m UiB CinnfiolaiT>] 
an rip [tnle ocuf cucfat; il] mile T>O 
ocuf mmli^, co [T7can.n,uipeT;] cpec Ta cpechaiB 
ann, gun, map,baT> T>pem T)ib im mac fii Connachc, ec 
alu, ec ^un, ^aba-o ann Con^alac mac Concubain., Hi 
^illa Coluim .tl. CCg-oa, fii 'Ceabra. 
la TDaolfeclamn, er; la .h. Nell, ec la .tl. 
f) allai^niB, 50 ccusfar; palla Laigen, ec 
|ne tai^en T>O "Ounncuan mac "Ounlamg, 
pcnse. TTlac Hobnail, mic 1maip, Hi 
T>O mafiba-o 6 tht5 Liarain. CCo^ .h. 
Ruaip,c, Ui bpepne, ocuf Ri^-Damna Connachr;, -DO 
mapba-o la "Ca-o^ mac Cachail, mic Concupaifi, la 
Connachr, Tjolo-pe. Cpec mop la htlllroift, gup 
CCpT) TTlaca o pai imac, 50 pu^par; Cabala inroa epce. 


1 Clann-Colmain. The words in 
parenthesis are added by way of gloss 
over the name of Flaithbhertach, in A. 
They are misplaced in B., where they 
precede the name. The Clann-Colmain 
were a branch of the O'Melaghlins of 
Meath, descended from Colman Mor, 
son of Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill, King 
of Ireland, whose death is recorded 
under the year 565, supra. 

* Comarb of Ciaran and Firmian; 
'.- successor of St. Ciaran and St. 
Finnian, and consequently Abbot of 
Cluain-muc-Nois and Cluain-Iraird. 

8 Kal. The correct year is 1015, 
as O'Flaherty has noted in the mar- 
gin, in A. 

* To meet them. CCfiacitro. Sup- 
plied from the Ann. Four Mast. 

4 A hosting. This entry stands 
thus in A., viz. : 
8lu net/I* ocup to .h. 

TTlaol.'Dop, loifspoc 

in -oun ec OT>eac 

croap, giifi Uiipspc an 

cip, mite T>O bn,ait ocu| in 

qfiec -oa c|iechai6 ann j;un. 



Clann-Colmain 1 ), comarb of Ciaran and Finnian, 2 quievit 
in Christo. Conn Ua DLugraidh, comarb of Caemhghen, 
quievit. Domhnall Ua hAirt, King of Teabhtha, 

Kal. 3 A hosting by Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhairenn, 
toLuimnech. Brian's two sons, viz., Donnchadh and Tadhg, 
with the army of Tuadh-Mumhain [were there to meet 
them 4 ]. A battle was fought between them. The men of 
the South of Erinn were defeated, and Domhnall fell there. 
A hosting 5 [by Maelsechlainn, and Ua] Neill, and Ua 
Maeildoraidh [to Ath-cliath, so that] they burned the 
fortress [and all the houses that were from the fortress 
outwards] ; and they went [afterwards unto Ui Cennsea- 
laigh], and burned the country [entirely, and carried off 
many] thousands of captives and cattle; but one of 
their plundering parties [was overtaken] there, and a 
number of them were killed, along with the son of the 
King of Connacht, and others; and Congalach, son of 
Conchobhar, King of Ui-Failghe, and Gillacoluim Ua 
Aghda, 6 King of Teabhtha, were there taken prisoners. 
A hosting by Maelsechlainn, and by Ua Neill and Ua 
Maeildoraidh, into Laighen ; and they took the hostages 
of Laighen, and gave the kingdom of Laighen to Donn- 
cuan, son of Dunlaing, and ravaged Osraighe. The son 
of Raghnall, son of Imhar, King of Port-Lairge, was slain 
by the Ui-Liathain. Aedh Ua E-uairc, King of Breifne, 
and Royal heir of Connacht, was treacherously killed by 
Tadhg, son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, King of Con- 
nacht. A great depredation was committed by the 
Ultonians, so that they plundered Ard-Macha from the 




It would therefore appear that the 
transcriber had copied from a damaged 
MS. ; and the omission to fill up the 
blanks, which he might easily have 
done from other authorities, may be 
taken as an indication of Mac Firbis's 
desire to reproduce his original with 

fidelity. The liberty has now been 
taken of completing the entry, which 
is also imperfect in B., by supplying 
from the Ann. Four Mast, the clauses 
enclosed within brackets. 

Aghda. CCseco (Agad), B. 


CROM1CUTH scoTxmurn. 

mop ipm pogmap, -DO na ppir T&o na pamail ipin 
aimpip. pi, T>U atropcaip T>aip mop, Reglepa pnpn hi 
cCluam muc Noip. Cof salop. ic alloi15, ocup plag 
loca-o ic ^alloib ocup 15 laignip. 

jet. Sluaige-D la TTlaolpeclairm 1 ntHlroit) 50 cruj; 
palla Ula-o. iolla Cotairn .M. CC^a, Ri T;eaba, -DO 
mapba-b o mac "Ouinn mic "Oonn^aib 1 nTDpuim paire. 
"Oonna^an mac "Ountam^, 1115 taigen, T>O majibaf>, ocuf 
"CoDg .tl. Riaam, Ri .11. n'Dpona, la 'Donncha'D mac 
^ille pa-D|iaic, -pop. lap, tei^bnne. Cluam muc "Moif 
can, Cluam pepi;a bp.enamn, 6t Cenannup T>O lofcca'5. 
TTlac bag .1. TTltupcep-rac, ap-o ollam 6p.enn, opnmup 
homo, mop^icup. 1 nlmp 501 II -ouip pop, Smainn. CeT) 
jiann TTlic La^ : 

TTluip,cep,rac bej mac TTlaitcepraij;, 
bif ag in5aip,e na mbo, 
CC-pe an nnnp,aic nac ainif i loic ; 
"Cabaip, f^eanai) pinnp,aip f>o. 

ConnacT>a -oa^am Cille "Oalua. Car: eitup. "Oal CCpaiT>e 
ec UlcoiB. TDaoi'Dhe'D ap. T)al CCp^aiT>e, ocup T>O cuic 
ann "Oomnall .tl. Loin^pis, Ri T)ail CCp^ai-De, ec "Mi all 
mac T)uibt:uinne, mic CCpr^ail, ap,T) Ri Ula'D, ocup 
Concupap, .h. "Oomnaill, Ri .1l. tfCtnp^pe, er; aln. 
TDuman ^ap^am 1nnpi Clochpan, er; 1nnpi bo pmne. 

1 Out of it. 2e, for epce, A. In 
this curious form of abbreviation the 
character "2," the contraction for 
the Latin est, by the addition of the 
letter e is made to represent the Irish 
word "erce," "from it," or "out of 
it." B. reads "T>cce," the transcriber 
having understood the character 2 as 
simply representing the figure 2, which 
in Irish is written " da." 

2 And a plague of putrefaction. 
Ocup pletj; tocaT) (ocusplag lochad). 
Omitted in B. loccro is probably 
the same as logoo, " rotting, putre- 

fying," the letters c and 5 being fre- 
quently used, the one for the other, in 
the text of this Chronicle, as well as 
in all Irish MSS. See O'Donovan's 
Irish Grammar, p. 2. The expression 
plag loccro is rendered " a plague of 
rats (or mice)," as if the word IOCCCT> 
were intended for Inch, in Sir W. R. 
Wilde's valuable Table of Cosmical 
Phenomena, &c. Census of Ireland 
for 1851, part v., vol. i., p. 65) ; but 
it would seem from the context that 
the plague was one affecting a people, 
not a district of country. Moreover, 



Rath outwards, and took numerous spoils out of it. 1 
Great wind in the autumn, the like or equal of which 
has not been witnessed in these times, by which the great 
oak of Regies- Finghin at Cluain-muc-Nois was prostrated. 
A disease of the legs among the Foreigners, and a plague 
of putrefaction 2 among the Foreigners and Lagenians. 

Kal. 3 A hosting by Maelsechlainn to the Ultonians, 
and he brought off the hostages of Uladh. Gillacoluim 
Ua Aghda, 4 King of Teabhtha, was slain by the son of 
Donn, son of Donngal, in Druim-raithe. Donnagan, son 
of Dunlaing, King of Laighen, and Tadhg Ua Riain, 
King of Ui-Drona, were slain by Donnchadh, son of 
Gillapadraig, in the middle of Lethghlinn. Cluain-muc- 
Nois, also Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and Cenannus were 
burned. Mac-Liag, i.e. Muircertach, chief poet of Erinn, 
a most excellent man, 5 died in Inis-Gaill-duibh 6 on the 
Sinainn. Mac-Liag's first quatrain was : 

Little Muircertach, son of Maelcertach, 7 
Who is wont to be herding the cows 
He is the innocent who attempts not to wound ; 
Give him a handful of finnraip. 8 

The Connachtmen pillaged Cill-Dalua. A battle between 
the Dal-Araidhe and the Ultonians. The Dal-Araidhe 
were defeated, and Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, King of 
Dal-Araidhe, and Niall, son of Dubhtuinne, son of Ardgal, 
chief King of Uladh, and Conchobhar Ua Domhnaill, 
King of Ui-Tuirtre, and others, fell there. The men of 
Mumhain plundered Inis-Clothran, and Inis-bo-finne. 



the Foreigners, or Danes, were widely 
scattered throughout Ireland in the 
year 1015, so that a " plague of mice" 
could hardly reach their several bands 
without infesting the whole island. 

a Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 
" 1016," which is the correct year. 

* Aghda. CCscro (Agad), B. 

8 Man. fio, A. homo, B. 

6 Inis-Gaill-duibh. More correctly 
" Inis-an-Gaill-duibh," i.e. "the Is- 
land of the black Foreigner,' 1 now pro- 
bably the King's Island, at Limerick. 

7 Of Maekertach. TTIccilcefXcac, 
A. B. ; nr)uificeficai5 is the correct 
gen. form of the name. 

8 Finnraip. This is probably the 
name of some precious metal. 



258 cnoMicum 

]ct. Thapmai-o .tl. TYlaoilcelcha, Oppcop, quieuit. 
Oengup mac Cappraig Calma, pig-oamna T^empa, ocup 
ruip op-oain 6penn, mopicup. epgup mac "Oomnaill, 
mic Concupaip, pig-oamna CCilig, -DO mapbat* 6 dnel 
Bogain -pa-ben. "Oonncha-o mac "Oonncha-oa .Tl. Con- 
galaig, Rig-oamna hGpenn, -DO mapba-6 o epuit5 bpeg 
pep -oolum. 

]ct. ^oyimsal iiro CCfiT) ailean, anchajia'D 
Oi^enn, in Cjiipro quieuiT:. bjioen mac 171 aoilm op-Da, 
mic TTlu|ichaT>a, Hi Lai^en, -DO -oatla^ 1 nCCc cba la 
8irp.iucc mac CCmlaoiC rp,e meabait. Congatuc mac 
Concupaip, mic pinn, Hi .0. -ppoilge, mopicup- 

|ct. Op-gain Cenannpa T>O 8icpiug mac CCmtait5, co 
n^alloitj CCca cba^, [50 pucpar bpair -oiaiprm] ec gup 
mapboT -oaome ap a lap. TTlac Cacapnaig mic CCo-oa, 
DO 1B Caippm, TJO seagmail -DO cum "Donncha-o mac 
bpiam, go rrapTt beim -oa clai-oiom na cenn, er -cap a 
laim n-oeip, gup ben T>e. T^epna iapum mac Opiain, 
ocup po mapbat> mac Carapnaig. 

]ct. TTIaolmuaT) .h. TTlaoilmuai-D, Ri p^ep cCeall, 
7>o cabaipr ap hecm a T)amliag *0uipmuige, la TTluip- 
ceprac .tl. Cdppaig, ocup a mapba-o im TDaig Lena. 
Sluaige-b la TTlaolpechlamn, ec la .Tl. "Nell, ec la 
"Oonncha'D mac mbpiam, ocup la hCCipr .Tl. Ruaipc, 
go 8mamn, go ccugpac gialla Connachc -DO TTlaoilpec- 
lamn. Culuacpa mac Concubaip, Ri Ciappaige Luacpa, 

1 KaL This is- properly the year < word seems to have been owing to 
1017, as O'Flaherty has noted in the his conception of the meaning of 

margin, in A. 

KaL The correct date is 1018, 
as O'F. has noted in the marg. 

Anchorite. CCndf., for CCncha- 
Tiar>,A. B. CCnTnchafia (i e. "soul- 

"Ard- ailean," which he did not con- 
sider the name of a place, but simply 
signifying " alta rapes." Ard-ailean, 
or High Island, is a steep island off 
the coast of the barony of Ballyna- 

friend"), Four Mast. The Ann. Ult. j hinch, in the county of Galway, con- 
(1018) have "omnchajia," which j taining the ruins of a primitive build- 
Dr. O'Conor renders by "Anacho- ing erected by St. Fechin, in the 

reta." But his translation of the 

seventh century. It was a more suit- 



Kal. 1 Diarmaid Ua Maeiltelcha, Bishop, quievit. A.D. 
Oengus, son of Carthach Calma, Royal heir of Temhair, [{0151 
and pillar of dignity of Erinn, moritur. Fergus, son of 
Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, Royal heir of Ailech, was 
slain by the Cinel Eoghain themselves. Donnchadh, son 
of Donnchadh Ua Conghalaigh, Royal heir of Erinn, was 
slain by the men of Bregh, through treachery. 

Kal. 2 Gormgal of the High-Island, chief anchorite 3 of [1016.] 
Erinn, in Christo quievit. Braen, son of Maelmordha, son 
of Murchadh, King of Laighen, was blinded in Ath-cliath, 
by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, through treachery. Conga- 
lach, son of Conchobhar, son of Finn, King of Ui-Failghe, 

Kal. 4 Plundering of Cenannus by Sitric, son of [1017.] 
Amhlaibh, with the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, [so that they 
carried off innumerable spoils 5 ], and men were slain in the 
middle of it. The son of Catharnach, son of Aedh, of the 
Ui-Caissin, approached Donnchadh, son of Brian, and gave 
him a stroke of his sword on his head and across his right 
hand, so that he cut off the hand. The son of Brian 
escaped afterwards, and the son of Catharnach was slain. 

KaL 6 Maelmhuaidh Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara- [1018.] 
Ceall, was forcibly taken out of the Stone-church of 
Duirmagh, by Muircertach Ua Carraigh, and slain in 
Magh-Lena. A hosting by Maelsechlainn, and Ua Neill, 
and Donnchadh, son of Brian, and Art 7 Ua Ruairc, to the 
Sinainn ; and they gave the hostages of Connacht to 
Maelsechlainn. Culuachra, son 8 of Conchobhar, King of 

able residence for an anchorite than for 
a "soul-friend," or confessor. See 
Hardiman's ed. of O'Flaherty's lar 
Connauffht, pp. 114, 115. 

4 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

6 Spoils. The clause enclosed within 
brackets is supplied from Tighernach, 
as the words ("ec gup, and so 

that") which follow imply the omis- 
sion of such a clause. 

KaL The correct date (1020), 
has been prefixed by O'F. 

7 Art. baific, A. baiyxc, B. 

3<m. mac,A.B. "U a," "grand- 
son," or " descendant," in all the other 




tofccai) Ctucma muc 14oip. CCn.T> ITIacha 
DO tofcca-b sup an Rai, genmora an i;eac fcjieabqia, 
ocup fio loifcce'5 an T)amtia5 mop., ec an ctai^rec, en an 
cafibaT), ociif miaT) 61 fi ocuf ayigaiT). TTIaolmuipe, 
comapba paT>fiaic, cenn Openn, qmeint;. 

]ct. "Ppaf cn.uinecT>a -opefrcam 1 nOffiaiit5. bpan- 
acan .h. TYlaoilui'Di|i, ap,T) |ieci:ai|ie mvoe, 'oo ba-ba-o ta 
beallcame itloc CCinnmne. CCof> mac plainn, mic 
TTIaoilfeclainn, ]ii5T>amna Gfienn, -DO mafibaT) T>a Uil5 
acain "Dpeyioib Oile. Lon^ap^ .h. TYlaoiliT)Uin, 
Ctuana muc Noif, qinetnr. Ua ^eueannac, 
.M. TTIaine, occifUf efc. 

|ct. CCb 1nca|mar:ione T)ommi .171. ac .xom. ; anno 
'Decennouenab-p Cipculi .xui. Sirfiiuc mac 1maip. piling 
Laifi^e -DO ma|ibaT le Ri| Ofiaai^e. TTlac Le|mn mac 
Cain.ill, Ri (Iip.5iall, pemcenf quieuir. THaotfeclamn 
mac T)omnaill, mic TDonncha-oa, aiyvo Ri Gjienn uile, 
rtnle on.T>am ia|i^ai|i -Domain, -DO hec 1 ^Cfio 1nif Loca 
CCinnmne, m .xlin. anno pegm -pui, m .nn a . nonaf 
8ept:emb|iif, T)ie woelicet; "Oomimco, luna .11". ; mil- 
tepmo, uefio, ac .xocn. pofc Incafinanonem "Dommicam 
anno, priaerencibuf ac pbi afcannbuf iienenabilujm 
8ancro|ium, pccqmcn, fcilicer, ec Columbae ac Cianxnm 
hep.eT)ibtif pemi;enf m pace 

"Cifii cec pope 15 an Rig, 
1ma cobaifi b|ioc if bi-6 ; 
CClujiotn o Ri na n-ouile 
CC nie-oon ^ac T)ume T)iob. 

1 Teach-gcreabtra ; i.e. the library ; 
lit. " house of writings." 

8 The Carbad; ie. "the chariot." 
" cayipoc nan CCbbaT)," " the chariot 
of the Abbots." Four Mast. 

8 Comarb of Patrick. O'F. adds 
the marg. note " Ardm. 3. Junii $ ," 
to intimate thatMaelmuire was Abbot, 
or Bishop of Armagh, and died on the 
third of J uue, being Friday. 

* Kal. The correct date is 1021. 

6 The 43rd; ie. counting the 12 
years which intervened between the 
period of his deposition by Brian, in 
1002, and the death of Brian in 1014, 
after which Maelsechlainn resumed 
the sovereignty. O'Flaherty has 
added a marginal note recapitulating 
the criteria, and indicating 1022 as the 
correct year, but it is now mutilated. 



Ciarraighe-Luachra, moritur. Burning of Cluain-muc- 
Nois. Ard-Macha was burned, together with the Rath, 
except the Teach-screabtra; 1 and the great Stone-church 
was burned, and the belfry, and the Carbad, 2 and a great 
deal of gold and silver. Maelmuire, comarb of Patrick, 3 
head of the clergy of Erinn, quievit. 

Kal. 4 A shower of wheat fell in Osraighe. Branagan 
Ua Maeiluidhir, chief law-giver of Midhe, was drowned on 
May-day, in Loch Ainninn. Aedh, son of Flann, son of 
Maelsechlainn, Royal heir of Erinn, was slain by the Ui- 
Maighteachain, of the Feara-Bile. Longarg Ua Maeili- 
duin, vice-Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Ua 
Gebheannach, Royal heir of Ui Maine, occisus est. 

Kal. From the Incarnation of the Lord, 1022; the 16th 
year of the cycle of 19. Sitric, son of Imhar of Port- 
Lairge, was slain by the King of Osraighe. Macleghinn, 
son of Cairell, King of Airghiall, pcenitens quievit. 
Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, son of Donnchadh, chief 
King of all Erinn, flood of dignity of the west of the 
world, died in Cro-Inis of Loch Ainninn, in the 43rd 5 
year of his reign, the 4th of the nones of September, viz., 
on Sunday, the 2nd of the moon's age, and in the 
thousand and twenty-second year after the Lord's Incar- 
nation ; the successors of the venerable saints, that is 
to say, of Patrick, 6 Columba, and Ciaran, being present 
and standing beside him, pcenitens in pace pausavit. 

Three hundred 7 forts has the King, 
From which he gives clothes and food ; 
There are guests from the King of the elements 
In the middle of each fort of them. 

6 Patrick, pyxicii, A. pfimcii, B. 

i Three hundred. O'Flaherty has 
rendered the first quatrain of this 
eulogy on Maelsechlainn, which he 
calls an " epitaph," into Latin, in the 
margin, but it is now mutilated. The 
paraphrase seems to have been literally 

the same as that which he gives in 

Ogygia, p. 436, viz. : 

" Prsebuit e castris vestes, victumque 

trecentis : 

Quarum quseque inopum sedes pene- 
tralibus altrix." 






CTdomcum scoronum. 

"Occbac pp na "Cutca tiap, 
tTlcmseba Ri THroe tnian 
"Oia "OotnTiaij;, ibtif -015 -61 
*0ia tuam i TnaiT>ecm THiT>e. 

TTluipcepcac mac Cappt;bai5 Calma T>O mapba-o on 5ut, 
pep T>olum. "Oomnall ."h. TriupcbaT>a ^Urn ilaip, Hi 
;, T>O mapbai) o Ciannachc 


jet. Opcpa speme imme-Don laoi, ocup epcpa 
fm mif ceT>na. "Oomnall mac CCoTia big .fl. TTlaoit- 
-pecblainn, leir fii TTIi'be, T>O mayiba-b o mac Seantim 
.1l. Leocam, ocuf 6 lui|mB. 'Cd'bs mac bfiiam -DO 
mafiboT) -neibb 1-ppll, ia|i na efiail -DO "Oonncba-5 mac 
bjaiam. Concupaji mac CCon^Ufa, mic Cafifrcbail 
Calm a, 7>o mayiba'D laf na orai15 r|ie cel^. TTlael- 
mtnn.e .Tl. Camnen Gp^cop U\\VQ, qtneuir. leobelm 
|n bp.eT;an, mojiicuii. luaieT ta .n. Concupai|i, la 
p.15 Connacbr: m UiB b|num, gup, mapba-D ann "Oomnall 
.h. G^jia, Ri iui^ne Connachc. Oenync Hi an -oomam 
m pace quietus. Cuanu p,a ^ab T>ap a eifi 

|ct. Ugaip-e mac "Ounlam^, Ri Laigen, ec TTIaol- 
mop'oa mac Lopcam, Ri .Vl. Cenfiolai|, er; a mac, cec 
DO gabail -poppa 05 "Oubtoc, -DO T)umnpleBe, gup 
mapbat) ann. 1opep mac 'Ouncai'D, anmcapa Cluana 
muc Kloip, quieuic: araip Cumn na mbocr. luai|e-D 
la mac nk>chaT>a 50 ^alloiB, ^up loipg ia7>, ocup 50 

1 Man of the Tulach. p|i tia 
culca. An allusion is probably here 
contained to the Peajvi-cutach, a 
district in the county of Westmeath, 
comprising the present barony of Far- 
tullagh, in that county. The sense of 
this quatrain is very obscure. 

2 KaL O'Flaherty has prefixed the 
date 1023, which is the correct year, 
and added a chronol. note in the mar- 
gin, which is now nearly destroyed. 

8 Desire. O^ait, A. B., for uyiail, 
In O'Conor's edition of 

Tighernach the corresponding word is 
"umctll/" (umail), i.e. "submitting," 
which makes the passage to signify 
that "Tadhg was murdered by the 
Eile, after submitting to his brother 
Donnchadh;" but in the Bodleian 
copy of Tighernach (Rawlinson, 488), 
the word is written "ufvail," in an 
abbreviated form. 

4 The Gets; i.e. the Stammerers, a 
nickname of a family of the O'Melagh- 
lins of Meath. 

5 Leobhdin ; i.e. Llewelyn, son of 



The vat of the man of the Tulach 1 in the west 
If the King of Midhe feels any desire 
On Sunday, he quaffs a drink of it 
On Monday morning in Midhe. 

Muircertach, son of Carthach Calma, was slain by the 
Got, through treachery. Domhnall, grandson of Mur- 
chadh Glun-ilair, King of the North, was slain by the 
Ciannacht of Glenn-Geimhin. 

Kal. 2 An eclipse of the sun at mid-day, and an 
eclipse of the moon in the same month. Domhnall, 
son of Aedh Beg Ua Maeilseachlainn, half-King of Midhe, 
was killed by the son of Seanan Ua Leochain, and the 
Luighne. Tadhg, son of Brian, was treacherously slain 
by the Eile, at the desire 3 of Donnchadh, son of Brian. 
Conchobhar, son of Aengus, son of Carthach Calma, was 
slain by the Gots, 4 through treachery. Maelmuire Ua 
CainneX Bishop of Sord, quievit. Leobhelin, 5 King of 
Britain, moritur. A hosting by Ua Conchobhair, King 
of Connacht, into Ui-Briuin, where Domhnall Ua Eghra, 
King of Luighne of Connacht, was slain. Oenric, 6 King 
of the world, in pace quievit. Cuana 7 it was who assumed 
the sovereignty after him. 

Kal. 8 Ugaire, son of Dunlaing, King of Laighen, and 
Maelmordha, son of Lorcan, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, and 
his son, had a house taken against them at Dubhloch, by 
Donnsleibhe ; and they were slain there. Joseph, son of 
Donnchadh, anmchara 9 of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit: he 
was the father of Conn-na-mbocht. A hosting by the son 
of Eochaidh to the Foreigners, so that he burned them, 10 




Seisil, whose death is entered in the 
Brut y Tywisogion at the year 1 021,and 
in the Annales Cambria under 1023. 

6 Oenric. " Henricus II., Imperator, 
obiit 1024; Conradus II. successit." 
Marg. note, O'F. 

7 Cuana; i-e. Conrad. See last 

Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

9 Anmchara. Confessor, or spiritual 
director; lit. "soul-friend." 

10 Burned them ; i.e. their territory. 

264 CRONicum scoi:oRurn. 

rr;U5 palla 5aoiT>eal uaieio'. Cuan .Tl. Loccain, ppim 
heciup Gpenn, ocup p aoi Sencupa, -DO mapba-5 1 e'Geabea, 
ocup bpenaic a naon uaip an luchr pa mapp, ocup ap 
piopr pi left pm. *Oomnall .n. Bgpa, Ri an Copamn, 

]ct. Niall .h. Concupaip, Ri^-oamna Conn ace, er 
TTIaolfeclamn 5 or ^ 1 TTli'oe 7)0 hec. 
CCb 1mtec lobaiji, o|iT)an hGjienn, quieuic. TTluip.e'Dhac 
mac TDusjioin TO mumcin. Imbg po|iT>eo|iai5, 
Ciafiain, quieuir;. ComatT:an, Ri .h. -ppacjiac CCiiine, 
occif Uf efc. 

]ct. Sluai^e'D la mac 0|iiain 50 TTCU^ ^la 
er bp,e|, ocuy ^alt, ocuf Laigen, ocuy 
Sluai^eTt la plairbe|it;ac .H. "Neill, ocup la mac 
TTIaoilfeclainn rmc ITlaoilfiuanai'D im ITIi-oe 50 txugfar; 
palla, ocuf ^oiToeca^un. -pop, be ai5piT>, ^up inmppin 
Imp TTlochra. TTlaolpuanai-D .n. TTIaol'DOpui'D, Ui 
Cm el Conaill, *DO T>ul cap mtnp T>a ailirpe. Conall 
1l. Cillm, comapba Cponam "Cuama ^peme, quietus. 
CCn clocan o ^T 1 " 001 an bamb co 1laiT> cilai-o na Txpi 
ccpop T)O "oenam la Opepal Conaillec. "Cpi coca pia 
Roen .1. Raon .1. car -pop pipu miT)e ec car -pop ppu 
bpe, er ca pop ^alloiB CCra clia^. 

]ct. luai|ei> la mac bpiam 1 nOppai|iB, ^up 
paome-b pop T>pem TDia mumnp, gup mapbar* ann 
mac "Ouna-Dai^, ec "Oomnall mac Sen cam mic 

1 And professor, ocup ipaoi, A. 
Omitted in B. 

1 In one hour. a naotimafi, 
tcmaonayi, "together," A. B. 

A poefs miracle. This event 5s 
thus given in the Annals of Loch- 
Ce", at the year 1024: "Cticm .ll. 
Locain .1. pfvim eigepp Ofienn, -DO 

map.berD ta "Cecpa. "Do p- 1 5 ne 
"Dm pijxc ptet> co poUAip a|x an 

a TTDTIOC oisheD icco, ocup tn fio 
a cui|ip, gup, pojuit, 

ocup poluamain m-o," i.e. 
"Cuan Ua Lochain, chief poet of 
Erinn, was killed in Tethfa. God 
performed a 'poet's miracle,' mani- 
festly, on the party who killed him, 
for they died an evil death, and their 
bodies were not buried, but beasts and 
birds devoured them." 

4 Kal. The correct year is 1025, 
according to O'F. 



and earned away the hostages of the Gaeidhel from them. A.D. 
Cuan Ua Lothchain, chief poet of Erinn, and professor 1 [{022.1 
of history, was killed in Teabhtha ; and the party that 
killed him became foul in one hour; 2 and that is a 
"poet's miracle." 3 Domhnall Ua Eghra, King of the 
Corann, moritur. 

KaL 4 Niall Ua Conchobhair, Koyal heir of Connacht, and [ 1023. ] 
Maelsechlainn Got, King of Midhe, died. Saerbreathach, 
Abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, the dignity of Erinn, quievit. 
Muiredhach, son of Mughron, of the family of Imlech- 
fordeoraigh, comarb of Ciaran, quievit. Comaltan, King 
of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, occisus est. 

Kal. A hosting by the son of Brian, 5 who carried off [1024.] 
the hostages of Midhe and Bregh, and of the Foreigners, 
and Lagenians, and Osraighe. A hosting by Flaithbhert- 
ach Ua Neill, and by the son of Maelsechlainn, son of 
Maelruanaidh, into Midhe, and they took hostages, and 
went on the ice, so that they plundered Inis-Mochta. 
Maelruanaidh Ua Maeildoraidh, King of Cinel Conaill, 
went across the sea on his pilgrimage. Conall Ua Cillin, 
comarb of Cronan of Tuaim-greine, quievit. The paved 
way from Gardha-an-bhainbh to Ilaid-Chilaid-na-ttri- 
cros was constructed by Bresal Conaillech. 6 Three 
battles were gained by Roen, i.e. Raen, viz., a battle over 
the men of Midhe, and a battle over the men of Bregh, 
and a battle over the Foreigners of Ath-cliath. 

KaL A hosting by the son of Brian into Osraighe; but [1025.] 
a division of his people was defeated, and Gadhra, son of 
Dunadhach, and Domhnall, son of Senchan, son of 

6 The son of Brian ; i.e. Donnchadh, 
son of Brian Borumha. O'F. has 
prefixed the date " 1026." 

6 Ilaid-Chilaid-na-ttri-cros ; i.e. the 
monument, or mound, of "Cilaid of 
the three crosses." The Four Mast. 
(1026), write this name "1Ucif> ncc 
cqfiof ," " the monument (or 

heap) of the three crosses." The trans- 
lator of the Annals of Clonmacnois also, 
at the year 1026, calls the place " the 
heap of stones of the Three Crosses." 
The word "citaiT>" in the text is 
therefore probably a repetition of "co 



, pig-Damn a ITliimcm, ocup TTIaolfechlainn 
.. Concupaip, Ri Copcumptiai-D, et; T>a mac Cinlm mic 
Concuphaip, Hi ocu}" 1 Rig-Damn a .tl. Conaill, ec T>d mac 
Ogepsaig, Ri octif pig-Damna Euaipgeipt; Goganac-oa, 
ociif Ogan .Tl. Ctnpc, mic CCnluam, mic CenneTng, er; 
alii. bacall 1opa T>O bpipioi). TTlaolpuanai-b .t). 
TTIaol-oopai'o -ohec 1 naib^ie. Hicayi-o Ri Pfiain^c, 
mojucufi. Sluai^e-o la 8icyiicc mac CCmtaiB, ocuf la 
TDonncha'D, Ri bfieag im Tnitie 50 tec mbUrfea ocuf 50 
TTlunai milam, 50 scomfiansarxiifi pynu pip, TTIi^e, 50 
Raon Ri iap.r;ai|i 1TliT>e, ocuf "Dunnchat* Ri 
, ocuf Ri -Tl. mb|iiuin Cualan-o ec alu. 

]ct. "Cuacal .h. "Dubanaic, Gp^cop Cluana liiaiyiT), 
quieuic. CCnc Opfcop .tl. uai|ili5 quieunc. 8iqaiucc 
mac CCmlaiB T>O Dul T>O Roim, ocuf "Pldnnu^an .M. 
Ceallai| Ri byie^. [8i^iucc] mac CCmlaiB [-00 r:iac- 
o Roim. bjiian mac Carail .fl. Concupaiji, 
Connachr;, T>O mapba'D la TTlaolfeclainn .n. 

]ct. CCmlaiB mac Siqfiicc T)O ^abail T>O TTlar^amain 
.Vl. Ria^am, Ri -oefceifit; bpe^, 50 ppayi^aib T>a ce-o 
TDGCC bo, ocuf fe .ocx. ec bjiecnac, ec cpi .xx. unga r>6p., 
ocuf claoitiom Caplufa, ocuf mafic HTD i|i fioTMiefisaiB. 
THo|ir;lai'D mop. 1 nlnif nalainne hi gCaifibfie moi|i TU 
m fio loip^cea T>a .xx. -oeg -oume T>O mainb Caipbfie, 
ocuf Ri T)afiqaai;e, ocuf pi Coipbpe, ec aipchmnech 

1 Ua. .ll., for Hoc, or 0', A. B. 

" TTIac," " son," Tighernach and 
Four Mast. The correct year is 1027. 

3 Bachall Tosa. The Baculus Jesu, 
for an interesting account of which 
see Obits and Martyrology of Christ 
Church, by the Rev. J. H. Todd, 
D.D., pp. viii-xxii., and O'Curry's 
Lectures, pp. 600-605. 

8 Richard. There is no such name 
in the list of the Kings of France. 
The personage referred to was pro- 

bably Richard III., Duke of Nor- 
mandy, who died in the year 1028. 

4 King of Ui-Briuin-Cualarm. The 
Four Masters call him Gillausaille, 
son of Gillacaeimghin. 

6 Sitric returned. Supplied from 
Tighernach, A.D. 1028, which is the 
correct date. 

6 A mark for the man who captured 

him. TTI in-D ifv iwonefvsaib, for 



Flaithbhertach, Royal heir of Mumhain; and JVIaelsech- A.D. 
lainn Ua 1 Conchobhair, King of Corcumruaidh ; and the [1025.] 
two sons of Cuilen, son of Conchobhar the King and 
Royal heir of Ui-Conaill ; and the two sons of Egartach, 
the King and Royal heir of the Northern Eoghanacht ; 
and Ogan, grandson of Core, son of Anluan, son of Cenne- 
digh, and others, were slain there. The Bachall losa 2 was 
broken. Maelruanaidh Ua Maeildoraidh died in pil- 
grimage. Richard, 3 King of France, moritur. A hosting 
by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, and by Donnchadh, King of 
Bregh, into Midhe, to Lec-mbladha, and to Muna-Milain, 
until the men of Midhe encountered them, when Raen, 
King of the West of Midhe, and Donnchadh, King of 
Bregh, and the King of Ui-Briuin-Cualann, 4 and others, 
were slain. 

Kal. Tuathal Ua Dubhanaigh, Bishop of Cluain-Iraird, [1026.] 
quievit. The Bishop Ua Suairligh quievit. Sitric, son 
of Amhlaibh went to Rome, and Flannagan Ua Ceallaigh, 
King of Bregh. [Sitric 5 ], son of Amhlaibh [returned 3 ] 
from Rome. Brian, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, Royal 
heir of Connacht, was killed by Maelsechlainn Ua Maeil- 

Kal. Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, was captured by Math- [1027.] 
ghamhain Ua Riagain, King of the South of Bregh, and 
detained until he delivered 1,200 cows, and six score British 
horses, and three score ounces of gold, and the sword of 
Carlus, and a mark for the man who captured him. 6 A 
great loss of life in Inis-na-lainne, in Cairbre-m6r, in which 
were burned twelve score men of the nobles of Cairbre, 
and the King of Dartraighe, and the King of Cairbre, and 

mafic im> 

A. B. 

The abbrev. m may stand for mafic, 
a mark, and also a horse, or for mac, 
a son. Dr. O'Conor (Tighernach, 
ad an. 1029), translates this clause 
" filium Anfiri Rot, captivum." But 

he has totally misunderstood the 
meaning of the word 
which is simply the verb 
(he captured), with the infixed pro- 
noun T>. See Zeuss's Gram. Celt., 
vol. i., p. 334. 



"Ofioma cliaB. TTluificeficac .h. TYlaoilDOfiaiD, Hi 
Cineoil Con mil, DO mafibaD T>O Uib Canannain, oc Hair 

Jet. bfiepal Conaillec, DO Conaillit5 TTluifiremne, 
comafiba Ciafidm, quieinc. plairbeficac .h. Nell DO 
reachc DO Roim. bacall 1opa -DO pafiucca-5 urn qai 
caiplio", ocup fio maiibcro fie cenn ryu la an -pen. |io 
fap,ai. Uo^ Comam ocuf CCilpin ocuf ITIa^ nCIe tnle 
DO fdfiucca-D. pafUga-b TTliTie DO .Tl. TTIaoilfeclamn. 
UuaiT)|ii .h. Canannam TO'b 05 TT1oT)Otin la CCoT> 
.h. Nell. Rie TTIiT>e DO ^abdil DO .tl. maoilpeclainn 
ian. na inajiba Dap. Loc HiB. CCoD .n. TTlaolDOfiaiD DO 
mafibaD la CCfiT .tl. Ruaijic. "CaDg mac Cat:hail mic 
Concupaip, Ri Connachr, DO mafibaD o TTlaolfeclamn 
.h. TTlaolfiuanaiD, Ri Cfunmramn, ocuf o Clann Cof- 
cfiaiD imecfaiDi .h. Carluam. T)omnall oc, fii 
TTliDe, DO mafibaD rfie meabail 6 ConcaifiD .H. TTIail- 
callann, 6 a amuf pen. "CaDg mac Loficam, Ri .H. 
Cenpiolai Dbec 1 naicfii^e. TDaoloDOfi *0all .h. 
CCncapaill, pefi lei^inn [Cille achaiD], qtneuic. ^ofim- 
Unch ingen THufichaDa mic Pmn, markup fii ^all .1. 
ocup fii TTluman .1. "OonnchaDa mic bfiiam, 
Concupafi mac TxriDg .tl. Ceallai^, Ri .h. 
TDaine, DO mafibaD Dpefiuib "Ceabra. 

Jet. plaicbefirac .tl. "Nell DO nachram 6 Roim. 
CCfiD mbfieacdm Dafi^am DO ^alloiB CCca cliac, ec Da 
CGD Dume DO lopccaD ipm Dumlia^, ocuf Da CGD ele 
DO bfieic imbfiaiD. .tl. "Oonna^an, Ri CCfiaD nfie DO 
mafibaD D"U bfiiam. Ca^apac comafiba Caoim^m DO 

1 Canannain. Instead of this name 
O'Flaherty would write Cathain, or 
Cane ; but " Canannain" is the name 
in the other Annals. The correct 
year is 1029. 

8 Went to Rome. "Do ceachc -DO 
Roirii. Tighernach (1030), has "T)o 

cochc 7)0 ROITTI," which Dr. O'Conor 
incorrectly translates "rediit a Roma." 
"*Oo -out -DO Roirh," "Went to 
Rome." Four Mast. 

8 Bachalllosa ; i.e. " Baculus Jesu." 
See note 2 , p. 266. 

* Canannain. O'F. corrects this 



tlie Airchinnech of Druim-cliabh. Muircertach Ua Maeil- A.D. 
doraidh, King of Cinell Conaill, was slain by the Ui [1027.1 
Canannain, 1 at Rath-Canannain. 

Kal. Bresal Conaillech, of the Conaille Muirthemne, [1028.] 
comarb of Ciaran, quievit. Flaithbhertach Ua Neill went 
to Rome. 2 The Bachall losa 3 was profaned regarding 
three horses, and the man who profaned it was killed 
before the end of three days. Ros-Comain and Ailfin, 
and all Magh-nAei, were spoiled. Wasting of Midhe by 
Ua Maeilsechlainn. Ruaidhri Ua Canannainn 4 was slain, 
at Modhorn, by Aedh Ua NeilL The sovereignty of 
Midhe was assumed by Ua Maeilsechlainn, after he had 
been expelled beyond Loch-Ribh. Aedh Ua Maeildoraidh 
was slain by Art Ua Ruairc. Tadhg, son of Cathal, son of 
Conchobhar, King of Connacht, was slain by Maelsech- 
lainn Ua Maeilruanaidh, King of Crimhthann, and by 
the Clann Cosgraidh, together with Echsaidi Ua Cath- 
luain. Domhnall Got, King of Midhe, was treacherously 
slain by Cucairid Ua Maeilcallann, his own servant. 
Tadhg, son of Lorcan, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, died in 
penitence. Maelodar Dall Ua Ancapaill, lector [of Cill- 
achaidh 5 ], quievit. Gormlaith, daughter of Murchadh, 
son of Finn, mother of the King of the Foreigners, i.e. 
Sitric, and of the King of Mumhain, i.e. Donnchadh, son 
of Brian, moritur. Conchobhar, son of Tadhg Ua Ceal- 
laigh, King of Ui Maine, was slain by the men of 

Kal. 6 Flaithbhertach Ua Neill returned from Rome. [1029.] 
Ard-Breacain was plundered by the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, and 200 men were burned in the Stone-church, 
and 200 more earned off in captivity. Ua Donnagain, 
King of Aradh-tire was slain by Ua Briain. 7 Cathasach, 

name to Cathain (Cane), in which 
he is followed by the transcriber of B. 
But the name in the text is right. 

5 Of Cill-achaidh. Supplied from 
Four Mast. (1030). 

6 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
1031, which is the correct date. 

Ua Briain; i.e. O'Brien. The 
Four Mast, call him Toimlhealbhach, 
or Turlough. 


cnotncum scorxmum. 

T)atlcr5 -DO "Oomnall mac "Dtmlainj;, er af 51110111 
11 an aim I'D fin. Ua CC^a, Hi Treated, occifUf efr a 

]ct. "0017111011 mac TTlaoilniianai'D .h. rnaoilT>onaiT>, 
Hi Cm el Conaitt, T>O mafiba-6 -DO damn 1011511 fa. 
TTlgolcuile Gpfcop CCifvo TTlacha, quieuir. Homamiv 
Papa Homae, quieuic. "Cene Detain 1 Saxain 
loifcc Ttaome inroa er Caeji CCbfioc. 

]ct. IDuficha-D .tl. TTlaoilfeclainn -DO majiba'D 
meabail T)O mac lajinan caoifec Cuificm. TDaoliopa, 
Gpfcop CClban, quieuic. CCo-D mac ptairbefimis .h. 
Melt, Hi CCili5, pemcenf mo|iiT:u|i. po^afirac. .H. 
CCe-oa, Ri ppefi Luiyi^ ocuf .tl. ppiacfiac CCfiDa Sfiara, 
-DO ma^bari -opefiaiB TTIanac. TTlui|ie > Dac .tl. TTlanacam, 
ua^al 6pfcop, quieuit:. 

]ct. TTlaetcotuim mac Cinao7>a, Hi CClban, 
lajicaiji Qofipa, obnr;. CCmlaiB mac 81^1050 T>O 
DO 8axanoib 05 -out T>O Uoim. pi|i TTluman T>O 
cai^e -pop, TDfiem -DO TeoxbachoiB 1 cCluam muc 
ubi mulr;i ceciT)e|iiinT;, mi mac mbec .tl. CC5T>a. T)ub- 
oaingen .1. mac T)onnchafia, Hi Connachc, a fuif 
occifuf 6pc .1. -oe CCiB TTflame .1. o Siqnic .tl. p ...... 

.tl. ptdnna^ain, Hi "Ceabca, mofiicu|u 
. tl. ptairbep.cai5, Hi .tl. mbfiunn [8]eola, 
pep. T>olum occif Uf 6\*G. 

let CHUT; mac 8cain, Hi Saxan, mo|iiT;u|i. .tl. 
Huaipc .1. CCfic, 7>ap.5ain Cluana -pepra bpenainn, ocuf 

1 Caemhffhen. The Four Mast, say 
" Finghin ;" but the Annals of Loch 
Ce have " Caemhghen," as in the text. 

2 Unprecedented. anaicniT)(anaith- 
nidh\; lit. " unknovra." 

Kal The correct year is 1032, 
as O'F. has noted in the marg. 

4 Romanus. O'F. has added the 
marg. note "1032: 6. Id. Nov., 
Joannes 19 obiit." 

8 Lightning. 'Cene geUnn (Tene- 

gelain). O'F. translates this "ful- 
men," in the marg. The name is at 
present applied to the light known as 
" Will o' the wisp." 

6 Caer-Abroc. "Eboracum." Marg. 
note, O'F. 

7 Cuircne. Cuifvem (Cuirem), B. 
The correct year is 1033, as O'F. has 
noted in the margin. 

*Kal. The correct year (1034), 
has been prefixed by O'F. 



comarb of Caemhghen, 1 was blinded by Domhnall, son of A.D. 
Dunlaing; and that was an unprecedented 2 deed. Ua [{029.] 
Aghda, King of Teabhtha, was slain by his brothers. 

Kai. 3 Domhnall, son of Maelruanaidh Ua Maeildoraidh, [1080.] 
King of Cinel Conaill, was slain by the Claim Fianghusa. 
Maeltuile, Bishop of Ard-Macha, quievit. Romanus, 4 
Pope of Rome, quievit. Lightning 5 in Saxonland, and it 
burned many men, and Caer-Abroc. 6 

Kal. Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn was treacherously [1031.] 
slain by Mac larnan, chief of Cuircne. 7 Maeliosa, Bishop 
of Alba, quievit. Aedh, son of Flaithbhertach Ua Neill, 
King of Ailech, posnitens moritur. Fogartach Ua Aedha, 
King of Feara-Luirg and Ui-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha, was 
slain by the Feara-Manach. Muiredhach Ua Manachain, 
a distinguished Bishop, quievit. 

Kal. 8 Maelcoluim, son of Cinaedh, King of Alba, the [1032.] 
dignity of the West of Europe, obiit. Amhlaibh, son 
of Sitric, was slain by the Saxons, on his way to Rome. 
The men of Mumhain captured a house against a party 
of the men of Teabhtha, at Cluain-muc-Nois, where 
many fell along with the son of Bdc Ua Aghda. Dubh- 
daingen, i.e. son of Donnchadh, King of Connacht, was 
slain by his own people, i.e. of the Ui Maine, 9 viz., by 

Sitric O'F 10 Gillapadraig Ua Flannagain, King of 

Teabhtha, moritur. Muiredhach Ua Flaithbhertaigh, 
King of Ui-Briuin [S]eola, was slain through treachery. 

Kal. Cnut, 11 son of Stain, 12 King of the Saxons, moritur. [1033.] 
Ua Ruairc, i.e. Art, plundered Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and 

Of the Ui Maine. T)e CCit5 
TDame. This clause is probably 
transposed in the text. Tn Tighernach 
it comes after the name of " Dubh- 
daingen, son of Donnchadh," who does 
not appear in any of the authentic 
lists of the Kings of Connacht. 

10 Sitric O'F. . . . The name is also 
incomplete in the text of Tighernach 
(1034) ; but Dr. O'Conor, in his trans- 

lation, renders it O'Flanagan, without 
any apparent authority except that 
the name O'Flanagan occurs in the 
entry immediately succeeding. 

11 Cnut. His death is entered in 
the Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the year 

14 Stain. O'Flaherty corrects this 
to " Sweno," and prefixes the date 


CRONicum scoromiVn. 

mebpain paiji ipm lo cetma yiia mac mOptaifl co 
ppaiigcnB a|i -oaoimB. 

|Ct. "Oonncha-o mac "Dunlam^, Ri Laigen, -DO 'oalla-o 
la "Oonncha'o mac illa pa^ai^, gufi majib 7>e. 
TTlaolfechlainn .h. TTlaolfiuanaii) Ri Cjiimeainii, T>O 
majiba-o ta CCo-o .h. Concupaip. hi ccmraib 'Cai'D^ ocup 
bfiiain. Scoloc .1. Niall .n. plannasdm, Ri "Ceabca, a 
fuif occifuf efc. plaicbe|ncac mac Tnuificeii7;ai .M. 
Melt, Ri CCilig, mofiicufi. Oen^Uf ,tl. ptainn, comapba 
bfienamn Cluana pep.t;a, quietus. 

]ct. Carat mac Ruan>jfii, Ri iayiT:ai|i Connachc, T>O 
^eacbc TKI aibryie TK> CCyiT) TDacha. 8cp,ni Coluim Citle 
ec "Oamliag Tjafi^am *DO altoiB CC^a cbac. 
Oua Ccmcennain,Ri .n. nT)iafima'Da,mo|iiT:u|i. 
rach mac Loinsfig, Gpfcop Cluana muc Noif 

|Ct. CunnenT) ConT)e|ie, Gpfcop, obnc. Car 
"Oealbna er .h. TTlame ippel Ciap.ain, m quo muln 
occifi punr;, ache Dealbna uiccofief e|ianr. Car eiT>iji 
Cuana Ri axan ocuf Oca Ri Pyiangc, T>U acrx>|ichai|i 
mile um Oca. 

let. 1aco Ri bfieean a puif occifup efc. 'Donncha'D 
mac CCifir; .M. Ruaific, Ri aificep. Connachc, T>O 
T) la CCoT> .n. Concubaiyi. TTlacnia comajiba 
ec Opfcop, quieuic. fc Oonncba f o mac ^illa- 
Pa-D|iaic, aji7> Ri tai^en ocuf Of|iai|e, quieuic. 

]ct. CofSjiac mac Ctn^eTDa, comofiba ^tannam ocup 
byienainn, quieuir. THaolmuifie .h. tlccan, comayiba 
Coluim Cille, quieuic. "Oonncba-o mac Cfiicam ajvo fii 
CClban inmacup,a aecace a pinf occifUf 

1 Lost a multitude. 

<Sfi (go ffargaib ar) ; lit. " left a 

2 Kal O'F. has prefixed the date 

8 Cunnenn. Cunneiro, A. B. 
"Cnin-Den (Cuinden)," Four Mast. 
The correct year is 1038. 

4 Cuana; i.e. Conrad II., Emperor of 
Germany. He is also called "Cuana" 
under the year 1021 = 1023, supra, 
where he is recorded as having suc- 
ceeded " Oenric," or Henry II. 

s loco, ftico (Rico), B. 
6 Donnchadh, son of Critan. 



a victory was gained over him on the same day, by the A.D. 
son of Brian, when he lost a multitude 1 of men. [1033.] 

Kal. Donnchadh, son of Dunking, King of Laighen, [1034.] 
was blinded by Donnchadh Mac Gillapadraig, of which 
he died. Maelsechlainn Ua Maeilruanaidh, King of 
Crimhthann, was slain by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, in 
revenge for Tadhg and Brian. Scolog, i.e. Niall Ua 
Flannagain, King of Teabhtha, was slain by his own 
people. Flaithbhertach, son of Muircertach Ua Neill, 
King of Ailech, moritur. Oengus Ua Flainn, comarb of 
Brenainn of Cluain-ferta, quievit. 

Kal. 2 Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, King of the West of [1035.] 
Connacht, went on his pilgrimage to Ard-Macha. Serin 
of Colum Cille, and Damhliag, were pillaged by the 
Foreigners of Ath-cliath. Muirghius Ua Concennain, 
King of Ui-Diannada, moritur. Flaithbhertach, son of 
Loingsech, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 

Kal. Cunnenn 3 of Condere, Bishop, obiit. A battle [1036.] 
between the Dealbhna and Ui Maine, on the festival of 
Ciaran, in which battle many were slain, but the Dealbhna 
were victors. A battle between Guana, 4 King of the 
Saxons, and Ota, King of the Franks, in which 1,000 were 
slain, together with Ota. 

Kal. laco, 5 King of Britain, was slain by his own [1037.] 
people. Donnchadh Derg, son of Art Ua Ruairc, King of 
the East of Connacht, was slain by Aedh Ua Conchobhair. 
Macnia, comarb of Buite, and a Bishop, quievit. Donn- 
chadh Mac Gillapadraig, chief King of Laighen and 
Osraighe, quievit. 

KaL Cosgrach, son of Angidh, comarb of Flannan and [1038.] 
Brenainn, quievit. Maelmuire Ua Uchtan, comarb of 
Colum Cille, quievit. Donnchadh, son of Critan, 6 chief 
King of Alba, was slain by his own people at an unripe 7 age. 

i At an unripe. Inmoctifia (in. 
matura), A. B., which O'F. corrects 
to immatura, in A. 


, "son of Crinan," Tigher- 
nach and Ann. Ult., more correctly. 
The true year is 1040. 


cuoKucum scoTxmum. 

]ct. ^lenn thpnenn -oan^ain -oo mac TTIaoil na mbo, 
ocup an mnficec t>o bfiife'5, ocuf cet> T>O 7)aoinit> t>o'o ann, ocup T ecic c &o DO bfiei eipre .1. an^i^ail 
efina "oan^am T>O mac bfiiam. 

|cb rnaolbin^-De Gpfcop Cille 7>afia, quietus. 
Lomsfec .h. plaicndm, -DO Cuificnit5, comajVba Ciafidm 
ocup Cfionam, quietuc. TTlu|ichaf> mac "Ounltnns, Hi 
ec "Donncha'5 mac CCo-oa "Ri .h. mbaijifice T>O 
la ^illa pa*D|iai5 mac *OonnchaT>a, la Hi 
ocup TTlac|iaic .h. *Oonnchaf>a, Hi Oo^an- 

achca, ag 

]ct. plai 
"Oomnall .tl. 
baT> -DO mac 

cyiece a 

, Hi "Pofvchuach aisen, -DO map.- 
'CjiorccaT* T>O pamha'5 Ciafidm 
-pc-fi CCo-o .n. Conpacla, oi|itii Tefrca, 
ayiain jx* 1 ! 1 50 lop bacla 1fa 
mfium fia impaiT> a T)|itiim |iif na 
ma-5 fin tjalla'D a cenn DG fiia cenn mip 

ann. CCn 
o -peyioib 

]ct. TTIaolmoclica, 6pfcop 
muc Moip "oafigain T>O 
Ciap.dn "Di^al poinixa mn .1. an 
majiba'D ifimoyi a nDaomiti ocup a 

]ct. plaicbe|it:ac .h. Can an nan, Hi Cm el Conaill, 
mop.iT;u|i. Cluam -pefi^a bfienamn -DO lof^a'D -DO thb 
TTlame, ec Cuconnachr; mac aDfia .0. "DunaDhaig -DO 


*Dia ocup 

1 Glenn- Uisnenn. Rectf Glenn- 
Uissen. This is properly the year 
1041, as O'F. has noted in the marg. 

2 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

8 Community of Ciaran. An inter- 
linear Latin gloss has been written 
over this entry, in A., by a more 
recent hand than O'Flaherty's ; but 
as the phraseology of the entry pre- 
sents no difficulty, it has not been 
considered necessary to copy the gloss. 

4 Seaman Ciarain; i.e. the "gapped 
bell of Ciaran." Dr. O'Conor (Tigh- 
ern., ad an. 1043) incorrectly trans- 
lates the name " Cithara S. Ciarani." 
Dr. O'Donovan (Four Mast., A.D. 
1043, note b ) implies that the " Bear- 
nan Ciarain" was the bell of St. Ciaran 
of Cluain-muc-Nois ; but it was more 
probably that alleged to have been 
given by St. Patrick to St. Ciarain 
of Saigher, or Seir-Kieran. See note 
a , p. 222, supra. The correct date 



Kal. Glenn-Uisnenn 1 was plundered by the son of 
Mael-na-mbo, and the oratory broken, and 100 persons 
were slain therein, and 700 taken out of it ; i.e. in revenge 
for the plundering of Ferna by the son of Brian. 

Kal. 2 Maelbrighde, Bishop of Cill-dara, quievit. 
Loingsech Ua Flaithnain, of the Cuircne, comarb of 
Ciaran and Cronan, quievit Murchadh, son of Dunlaing, 
King of Laighen, and Donnchadh, son of Aedh, King of 
Ui-mBairche, fell by Gillapadraig, son of Donnchadh, King 
of Osraighe, and by Macraith Ua Donnchadha, King of 
Eoghanacht, whilst the latter were plundering in Laighen. 

Kal. Flaithbhertach, Bishop of Dun-leth-glaise, 
moritur. Domhnall Ua Ferghaile, King of the Fortuatha 
of Laighen, was slain by the son of Tuathal. The 
community of Ciaran 3 fasted at Tulach-Garbha, against 
Aedh Ua Confiacla, dynast of Teabhtha, and the Bearnan 
Ciarain 4 was rung against him there with the end of the 
Bachal-Isa; and the place, moreover, where he turned 
his back upon the clergy in that place his head was cut 
off, before the end of a month, by the men of Midhe. 

Kal. 5 Maelmochta, Bishop of Lughbhadh, quievit. 
Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered by the Conmaicne ; but 
God and Ciaran inflicted vengeance on them therefor, 
viz., the unknown plague, so that the greater part of their 
people and cattle were killed. 

Kal. Flaithbhertach Ua Canannain, King of Cinel 
Conaill, moritur. Cluain-ferta-Brenainn was burned by 
the Ui Maine, and Cuconnacht, son of Gadhra 6 Ua Dun- 







(1043), has been prefixed by O'Fla- 

5 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

6 Cuconnacht, son of Gadhra. This 
entry is confusedly written in A. and 
B., which read "ctcirp .Tl. "Otmcroli- 

-DO matxbccD Cuccmnccdit mac 
" an ^ Ua Dunadhaigh 
killed Cuconnacht, son of Gadhra." 
The text has been corrected from 
Tighernach and the Ann. Four Mast. 
O'F. has supplied the proper year, 
1045, in the marg. 




mapba-o. CCmalcca'5 mac plainn, Ri Calpaif;e, T>O hec 
7)0 salop anairnii) pe cenn cpi tr;pcrc lap ccomnmeT) 
egne 1 cCluam muc Noip. 

Jet. CCpt: .tl. ftuaipc, Hi Connachr, T>O mapbaT) T>O 
dnel Conaill, m pecunT)o anno lap nap^am Cluana 
muc Noip. Tpeap^al .tl. Ciap-oa, Hi Coipppe, -DO mati- 
baf> -opeiiaip "Ceabra. ^T 1171 ^ 1 ^ msen TTlaoilfeclamn, 
quietus. TTlccolfiljanaiT> ^or; occifup epr. 

]ct. necT>a mop. ifin btiaT>ain Dona pp,ic pamail. 
op.ra mop T)O machcam 1 nUlUxMB, ^up pa^fat; a rrip 
conDecamip 1 iLuigmb ; ei: ap cpia mille-b cat;ai5 
rami5 an gopsa pm .1. peall pop Ta mac bpam mic 
TTlaoilmopTia T>O mac Gocha-oa er T>O mai^iB tHaf>, lap 
na mbe 1 ccumaipque ppi, ec ap ap [ulc ppi] mac 
TTIaoilnambo T>O ponpar: tltaT* an pealt pin. "Mialt .h. 
Huaipc DO mapbaT* T)O CCoT> .H. Concupaip ipm Copann. 
Cerepnac Gppcop o 7^1 5 Collamn -DO ecc. .Tl. baillen 
6ppcop Utup cpe, quietnt;. TTlac "Donncha-oa 
pij-Domna "Cempach, qmeun:. tla Oi-om, Hi .tl. 
ccpach CCi-one, quietus. 

let. Cele, Gppcop CCpT)achat, quieuiu. Sluai|e-D la 
"Oonnchat* mac mbpiam Dap 1T1iT)e, ec T>ap bpeafa, 50 
SaltoiB ip 50 tai^mB, 50 pu^ palta 6 mac TTlailnambo, 
er; a pep o ^altoiB. "Pep^al .tl. TTIaoitmhuai'D, Ri pep 
gCeall T>ecc. Cennpaola-o .h. Cuill, otlam TTIuman, 
mopicup. ^itlacotuim .Tl. Ggnig, aip-o pi CCippall, 
qtnetni;. TTlaolpabailt .Tl. 6r)in, Ui .tl. ppacpac CCiT)ne, 
quieun;. Stuai^eT) la mac nOocha-oa ec la mac 

i Kal The correct year is 1046, 
as O'F. has noted in the marg. 

- lAiiijlim.: Luig., A. B. The 
Ann. Four Mast, and Tighernach 
have tcnsri., for Laigmt), "into 
Laighen (Leinster) ;" but as the 
alleged cause of the famine was the 
treachery committed by them against 

two Leinster princes, out of hatred 
to their relative (Diarmaid), son of 
Maelnambo, then King of Leinster, it 
is unlikely that the Ultonians would 
have sought an asylum in that pro- 

Of Brain, bfiiam, A. b|xain, 



adhaigh, was slain there. Amhalghaidh, son of Flann, 
King of Calraighe, died of an unknown disease, before the 
end of three days after a forcible refection at Cluain- 

Kal. 1 Art Ua Ruairc, King of Connacht, was slain by 
the Cinel Conaill, in the second year after the plundering 
of Cluain-muc-Nois. Fergal Ua Ciardha, King of Cairbre, 
was killed by the men of Teabhtha. Gormlaith, daughter 
of Maelsechlainn, quievit. Maelruanaidh Got occisus est. 

Kal. Great snow in this year, for which no equal has 
been found. A great famine came amongst the Ultonians, 
so that they left their country and went into Luighne. 2 
And it was through the violation of a covenant that the 
famine occurred, viz., treachery was practised against two 
sons of Bran, 3 son of Maelmordha, by the son of Eochaidh, 
and by the nobles of Uladh, after they had been placed 
under their protection; and it was through [enmity to 4 ] the 
son of Mael-na-mbo the Ulidians committed that treachery. 
Niall Ua Ruairc was slain by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, in 
the Corann. Cethernach, Bishop, from Tech-Collainn, 
died. Ua Baillen, Bishop of Ros-cre, quievit. The son 
of Donnchadh Got, Royal heir of Temhair, quievit. Ua 
Eidhin, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, quievit. 

Kal. Cele, Bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit. A hosting 
by Donnchadh, son of Brian, across Midhe, and across 
Breagh, to the Foreigners 5 and the Lagenians, so that he 
carried off hostages from the son of Mael-na-mbo, and 
obtained his demands from the Foreigners. Fergal Ua 
Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, died. Cennfaeladh 
Ua Cuill, chief poet of Mumhain, moritur. Gillacoluim 
Ua Eghnigh, chief King of Airghiall, quievit. Maelfabhaill 
Ua Eidhin, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, quievit. A 
hosting by the son of Eochaidh, and by the son of Mael- 

* Enmity to. " Ulc FTU-" Supplied 
from Ann. Four Mast. 
8 Foreigners ; i.e. the Foreigners of 

Dublin. The date " 1048" has been 
noted in the marg. by O'F. 







rriaoilnambo im mitie, gup loipspie cealla ppep 
ache beg. The epc annup pmip .u. millium pecun-oum 
Bbpeicam uepieaeem. 

]ct. CCmalsa-o comapba pa-opai^, qtneuit;. CCneplip 
mac "Domnaill, Hi Copca baipginn, T>O mapbat) T)o mac 
CCipi mac T)omnaill. Sluaige-o la mac bpiam 50 
Trias Tiaifib, 50 I 1000 5^11 Laigen ocup 0^0156. 
Comam mle T>O tofcca'5 eiT)i|i "Damliag ocuf 

]ct. Ctuam muc "Moif "DafigaiTi pa qii a naon 
.1. peachc 6 Siol CCnmcha-oa, ocup pa T>6 6 
gup na Sinnchait5. "Donncha-o mac ^iltapaoldm, Hi 
.tl. ppail^e, T>O mafiboD 7)11 Concubaifi, *DO Tli^ .tl. 
ppoitge. Ctuam muc "Noip ee Imp Cloehpann 
DO Conmacmb. Nanuicap TTlui|iche|icai5 .h. 

]ct. .Tl. Concuphaipc, Ri .tl. ppoilge, occipup epc a 
puip. CCmalsat* mac Cacait mic Uuai-ofii, Hi iap^T:haip, 
Connachc -DO 'oalla'D la hCCo-o .ll. Concupaiyi, la ^15 
aip.t:i|i Connachc, gup. gappi-oe apup a mapcap 
Connachc. TTlai'Dm Slebe popmail pop ConmaicmB 
pi a nCCoi) .tl. Concupaip, T>U aecopchaip ap Conmaicne. 
"Domnall ban .fl. bpiam occipup epc 6 .Tl. Concubaip, 
6 fug Connachr;. bile tnaige aT>aip TDO cpapgpa'D la 
CCo-5 .Tl. Concupaip^ 

]ct. Cpeac la mac TTlaoilnambo 1 pine ^all, gup 
an dp o CC cliar 50 CClbene, ace noco cappai-b bu 

1 Hebrew verity. The Christian Era 
coincides with A.M. 3952, according 
to the Hebrew Chronology, as under, 
stood by the Irish Annalists. (See 
Ogygia, Proloquium, pp. 6-8.) The 
year A.M. 5000 agrees, therefore, 
with A.D. 1048, and the reckoning 
of this Chronicle is two years ante- 
dated at this period. 
1 Damhliag; i.e. "the Stone-church." 
8 Regies. This name is supposed 

to mean an "abbey church." See 
Reeves's Adamnan, p. 276. The cor- 
rect year is 1049, as O'F. has noted 
in the marg. 

4 Quarter ; i.e. of a year. O'F. has 
prefixed the date 1050. 

6 Sinnacha. Lit. " the Foxes ;" the 
family of O'Caharneys, or O'Kearnys, 
of Teffia, in Westmeath. 

6 Ruaidhri. RuaiT), A. 1 



na-mbo, into Midhe, and they burned the churches of 
Feara-Midhe, except a few. This is the last year of 5,000 
according to the Hebrew verity. 1 

Kal. Amhalghaidh, comarb of Patrick, quievit. 
Aneslis, son of Domhnall, King of Corca-Bhaisginn, was 
killed by the son of Aisith, son of Domhnall. A hosting 
by the son of Brian, to Magh-nAirbh, and he carried off 
the hostages of Laighen and Osraighe. Ross-domain 
was entirely burned, both Damhliag 2 and Regies, 3 by the 
men of Breifhe. 

Kal. Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered thrice in one 
quarter, 4 viz., once by the Sil-Anmchadha, and twice by 
the Calraighe, conjointly with the Sinnacha. 5 Donnchadh, 
son of Gillafaelain, King of Ui-Failghe, was slain by Ua 
Conchobhair, King of Ui-Failghe. Cluain-muc-Nois and 
Inis-Clothrann were plundered by the Conmaicne. Birth 
of Muirchertach Ua Briain, King of Erinn. 

Kal Ua Conchobhair, King of Ui-Failghe, was slain 
by his own people. Amhalghaidh, son of Cathal, son of 
Ruaidhri, 6 King of the West of Connacht, was blinded by 
Aedh Ua Conchobhair, King of the East of Connacht, and 
he (Aedh) afterwards fixed his residence in the West of 
Connacht. The victory of Sliabh-Formail was gained 
over the Conmaicne, by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, where a 
multitude 7 of the Conmaicne felL Domhnall Ban Ua 
Briain was slain by Ua Conchobhair, King of Connacht. 
The tree of Magh-Adhair 8 was thrown down by Aedh Ua 

KaL A preying expedition by the son of Mael-na- 
mbo into Fine-Gall, and he burned the country from 
Ath-cliath to Albene, but he did not seize cows until they 







B. The correct year (1051) has 
been added in the marg. by O'F. 

? A multitude. CCyx, lit. " a 
slaughter," A. B. 

8 Tree of Magh -Adhair. This cele- 

brated tree is referred to under the 
year 980, supra, where it is said to 
have been cut down by King Mael- 
sechlainn, or Malachy II. See note 
*, p. 228. 



con-oepnpoc pcan-opeca mopa imon T>un, TU iT*;opchaip 
lie, con-oeachaii) Ui $all .1. ecmapcac mac HagncnU, 
cap. mtnp., ocup po ^ap mac TTlailnambo p.i|;e 'ga.lL ^^ 
a epe. Cpeac ta CCo-5 .V). Concupaip. 1 Conmaicne, sup. 
lump 50 mop. Oct^epn '.tl. Ggpam, T>O So^on .M. 
1T)aine, comapba Cluana muc Noip ocup 
Comam, -ohec a naibqai 1 gCluam 1paifiT>. CC|i Call- 
fiai^e im a fug, um mac CCi|iechT:ai, la ConmaicniB, 
pep uiprucem Ciapam. "Oubeapfa, m^en Opiam, 

]ct. Niatl .h. e-ccmg, Ri pepmanac, ec 
oo mapba-o T>12ep^aib Ltnp.c. Sluai^eT) la mac mOpiam, 
ocup la .h. THaoilpechlainti, 1 pine all, 50 Txu^far; 
aiT)ip,e 6 mac TTlaoilnambo. Coclan, Ri *0ealbna 
becpa, a fuif pep, Tiolum occipup eft;. 

"jet. Cloiccec ceneT) "opaicpin 1 Roff TDeala T)ia 
"Domnail pele ^iupp ppia p.e ctn^ nuaip. Gom T)upa 
T)iaipmiTxe inn ocup app, ocup aom en mop. ma meT>on ; 
ocup ce^-oif po a cluinrpiTie na hen be^a an ran tesoip 
ifin cloiccec. "CancUT^up. amac 511 p. cosbar^up. an com 
baoi pop. lap. an baile maip.T)e ipm aiep., ec caplai^fi^ 
e fiup con-oeapbailc po ce-ooip., er; mapsapaccup. cp.1 
bpuir "DilenT) inaip.T>e, ocup p,a le^pioc piup T>op.iTipi. 
CCn caill iap,um pop.pan T>epeTr;tip. na heom 7)a p,ocaip. 
poi^iB, ocup an T)aip.Be poppan T>epior^;up. na heom, p.o 
baoi pop, cpioc cona ppemaiB hi calmam. Loch 

i Fortress. A. and B. incorrectly 
read "pcccti-ofxeca monimW for 
"pcanT)yxeca moTta imon 7)1311," as 
in Tighernach and the Four Mast. 
The liberty has been taken of correct- 
ing the text, in accordance with these 
authorities. The correct date, 1052, 
has been prefixed by O'F. 

s Into. 1, A. Omitted in B. 

8 KdL The correct year is 1053, 
as O'F. has noted in the marg., in A. 

* Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 
1054. See next note. 

5 Sunday of the festival of George. 
In a note to the entry of this event 
in the Ann. Four Mast. (1054), Dr. 
O'Donovan observes : " In the year 
1054 the feast of St. George was on 
Saturday; the annalist must, there- 
fore, mean the year 1055, unless by 
' the Sunday of the festival' he meant 
' the Sunday next after the festival,' 
which looks very probable, as the 

it: ?!t '- 

: WS a - 

f'- : ' 4 



fought great skirmishes around the fortress, 1 in which 
many persons were slain ; and the King of the Foreigners, 
viz., Echmarcach, son of Raghnall, went across the sea, 
and the son of Mael-na-mbo assumed the sovereignty of 
the Foreigners after him. A preying expedition by Aedh 
Ua Conchobhair into 2 Conmaicne, which he ravaged very 
much. Echtighern Ua Eghrain, of the Soghan of Ui 
Maine, comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-muc-Nois, and of 
Coman, died in pilgrimage at Cluain-Iraird. A slaughter 
of the Calraighe, together with their King, Mac-Airech- 
taigh, by the Conmaicne, through the power of Ciaran. 
Dubheassa, daughter of Brian, moritur. 

Kal. 3 Niall Ua Eghnigh, King of Feara-Manach, and 
his brother, were slain by the Feara-Luirg. A hosting 
by the son of Brian, and by Ua Maeilsechlainn, into 
Fine-Gall, so that they took hostages from the son of 
Mael-na-mbo. Cochlan, King of Dealbhna-Bethra, was 
slain, through treachery, by his own people. 

Kal. 4 A tower of fire was seen at Ross-Deala, on the 
Sunday of the festival of George, 5 during the space of 
five hours ; black birds innumerable going into and out 
of it ; and one large bird in the middle of it ; and the little 
birds used to go under its wings when they went into 
the tower. They came out and lifted up, into the air, the 
greyhound which was in the middle of the town, and let 
it fall down again, so that it died immediately ; and they 
lifted up three garments, 6 and let them down again. The 
wood, moreover, on which the birds perched fell under 
them, and the oak whereon the birds alighted was shak- 
ing, together with its roots in the ground. Loch Suidhe- 




chronology of the Four Masters is at 
this period perfectly correct." An 
interlinear Latin gloss, agreeing with 
the above translation, has been added 
by some hand more recent than 
O'Flaherty's. The event forms one of 

the "Mirabilia Hibernise," for a list 
of which see Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 

6 Garments. bfuncTji terro; which 
the glossarist explains by " velamina," 
in A. 



Oopain 1 8leb uaipe a eloft a n-oepe-o ai-oce pele 
TYlicil con'oeachaifi ipm f?eabaiL Cacc m^en Ho^naill, 
7*15011 6penn, mopicup. Cpeac ta CCoT> .11. Concubaip, 
la pig Connacbc, 50 Copcubaipann, er; 50 "Oaptpaicce, 
?;up gab Cabala mopa, ocu-p gup mapbai-o -non cup fin 
laif CCot> mac Cen-oej/ois m]tnpe, ocup op.T)an "Odil 

-ft- S 6 ! 11 ^ 1 !^ Gpf c P Citle "Dalua, quieuic. 
]ct. Cfiec la CCo-6 .tl. Concupai|i, fii| Connachc, T)a|i 
TliDe, 50 fiug Cabala inroa, ocuf b|iaic moyi 
TnaoVouin mac ^ille CCiTD|iiaf, Gpfcop CClban, ec 




na Ti5aoifeal e^ip. leigenn ocuf -pencuf, 
mac plainn, Hi Calfiaige, lu^ula^uf efc. 

*0unca^ .h. T)onncba-Da, Hi Caiffil, 
cpec Itn^ne la CCo'5 .h. Concupaifi. TTlusfion . 
TTlucain, baifiyie, en uafal Opfcop, ocuf -peyi 
, -oo mapba-D -oa mumrep, -pem iap 


jet. Lulac Hi CClban no mafibaT) T>O TTlaolcoluim 
mac "OonncbaDa, pep 7x>lum. Cpeac la CCo-b .tl. Con- 
cuphaip ec lap na SmncbaiB gup aip^pioT) Lorpa. Cac 
Slebe Cpoc la "OiapmaiT) mac TTlaoilnambo, ec la 
'Caip-oealbac .fl. mbpiam, pop T)onncbar)h .tl. mbpiain, 

1 Odhrain. Ooin., for Ot>fvain, 
A. B. The glossarist interprets it 
" ex dorso," as if it had represented 

* Dartraighe. "DafiCTiaicce, A. 
B. 'Gfwrofunse (Tradraighe), Four 
Mast 'Cfietise (Trelighe), Tigher- 
nach (Dublin copy). The name in 
the Four Mast, is the correct one, as 
Dartraighe (now Dartry), is in the 
co. Monaghan, whereas Tradraighe 
is at present represented by the Rural 

Deanery of Tradry, in the diocese 
of Killaloe, and co. of Clare, adjoining 
the barony of Clonderlaw, anciently 
called Corca-Bhaiscinn. 

Steward. 111 fie, A. B. The word 
is incomplete, a letter, or letters, being 
omitted at the beginning. The Ann. 
Ult., and Annals of Loch-Ce, have 
"muifxe," which signifies "lord," or 
" steward." 

* KaJ. The correct date, 1055, has 
been prefixed by O'F. 



Odhrain 1 in Sliabh-Guaire stole off in the end of the night A.D. 

of the festival of Michael, and went into the Feabhail. [1052.] 

Cacht, daughter of Eaghnall, Queen of Erinn, moritur. 

A predatory expedition by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, King 

of Connacht, to Corca-Bhaiscinn, and to Dartraighe, 2 and 

he obtained great spoils, and Aedh, son of Cennefdigh], 

the steward 3 and glory of Dal-Cais, was slain by him 

on that expedition. Ua Gerithir, Bishop of Cill-Dalua, 


Kal. 4 A preying expedition by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, [1053.] 
King of Connacht, across the West of Midhe, and he 
carried numerous spoils, and many captives, therefrom. 
Maelduin, son of Gilla-Andrias, Bishop of Alba, and the 
glory of the Gaeidhel, quievit. Gillapadraig, King of 
Osraighe, moritur. 

Kal. 5 Flann, Lector of Mainistir, and the last 6 sage of [1054.] 
the Gaeidhel, both in reading and history, quievit. Odhor, 
son of Flann, King of Calraighe, jugulatus est. 

Kal. Donnchadh Ua Donnchadha, King of Caisel, [1055.] 
moritur. A great preying of Luighne, by Aedh Ua 
Conchobhair. Mughron Ua Mutain, comarb of Bairre, 
and an eminent Bishop, and lector, was slain by his own 
people, after returning from nocturns. 7 

KaL 8 Lulach, King of Alba, was slain by Maelcoluim, [1056.] 
son of Donnchadh, through treachery. A preying expe- 
dition by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, and by the Sinnacha, 9 
and they pillaged Lothra. The battle of Sliabh Grot was 
gained by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, and by Toir- 
dhealbhach Ua Briain, over Donnchadh Ua Briain, in 

Kal. OT. has supplied 1056 as 
the correct date. 

6 The last, cmg, A. -01115, B. 

7 From nocturns. on lafuneifige 
(6n iarmeirge). This expression is 
glossed "noctu surgens," in A., by 

some hand more recent than O'Fla- 
herty's. The correct year is 1057. 

8 KaL O'F. has prefixed the date 

9 TheSlrmacha; ie. "the Foxes." 
See note 5 , p. 278, supra. 


T>U icropchaip b^oa, comapba CCilbe, ocup 
mac Concoipne, pi Ole. TTlac bescro mac t2mnlaic 
aip-opi CClban, -DO mapbafi -DO TTlaolcoluim mac "Don n- 
chaTa. Salbpar; .tl. Cepbaill, pi^oamna 'Cempach, -DO 
mapbaT> La ConcoBap .tl. tTlaoilpeclamn, cpe meabail. 
ClaiT>et5 Capplopa ocup mop apcena T>O bpeir T>O mac 
TTlaoilnambo na ma-opin, ap |ioboi 1 ccomaipce ppip- 

JCI. Niall .Tl. TTlaoil-ooriai'D, Hi Cm el Conaill, mop- 
cuuf epc 1 naibrpe. Ca^al mac 'Cigep.ndm, Hi aipcip 
Connachc, "DO mafiba'D oCCo'D .tl. Ruaific. Conn na 
mbocc [6pfcop] Cluana mtic Noip, quieuic. TDac 
bpiam TO Tul 1 t^ec CCo-oa .tl. Concupaip, Hi Connachu, 
50 ecus a p.iap T>O. 

tct. Claoclo-b CCbbar* i nCCpT> TDaca .1. Cumupccac 
tl. eopaDam 1 nmoD t)tnbT>atee. TTleap mop po 
Oipinn m hoc anno. TTlac bpiam T>O T>ut 1 ccec mic 
TTlaoilnambo, 50 1x115 peoT>a ec maome lonroa app. 
Cpeach la hGli ec la .tl. ppo^apra o Cluam muc "Noip, 
ocup pa mapbar* T)iap ocon cill .1. o Cpoip na 8cpeprpa. 
T)o p.uacht:aTT;up na ba cpe pepc Ciapam cpac 
ap na mapac. 

]cb Qnaip. 'Ce'omannamopa 1 iLai^mB .1. an 
ocup an 'Cpeasaic, gup la-o ap T>aomiB pecnom 
. ^aipbir .tl. Cacupaig, Hi bpe|, 

i Lighda. Tighernach (1058) calls 
him Ua Lighda, Le. O'Lighda. The 
Four Mast, and the Ann. Ult have 
" Cairbre Ua Lighda ;" and the two 
latter authorities add that he was 
Airchinnech, or "Herenach," of Im- 
lech-Ibhair, now Emly, in the co. 

3 Mac-Bethadh, "Macbeth; Rex 
Albania. " Marg. note, O'F. 

* Security. ^ ccoma|i, for 1 ccom- 
aip.ce, A. B. 

4 [BwAop.] In the Four Mast. 
(1059), Conn-na-mbocht, or "Conn 

of the poor," is called " ofvocm ocup 
aiyieachtip Cluana muc Noip," 
" the glory and dignity of Cluain- 
muc-Nois," or Clonmacnois. He is 
described as " Bishop of Cluain-muc- 
Nois," at the year 948, supra. The 
correct date, 1059, has been prefixed 
by O'Flaherty. 

5 Went into the house. An idiomatic 
way of saying " he submitted." 

6 Out of it. The meaning of this 
entry is, that the son of Brian made 
his submission to the son of Mael- 
na-mbo, and received many valuables 
by way of gratuity. See last note. 



which were slain Lighda, 1 comarb of Ailbhe, and Righ- A.D. 
bhardan, son of Cucoirne, King of Ele. Mac-Bethadh, 2 [1056.] 
son of Finnlach, chief King of Alba, was slain by Mael- 
coluim, son of Donnchadh. Galbrat Ua Cerbhaill, Royal 
heir of Temhair, was slain by Conchobhar Ua Maeilsech- 
lainn, through treachery. The sword of Carlus, and 
great considerations besides, were taken therefor by the 
son of Mael-na-mbo, for he was security 3 for him. 

Kal. Niall Ua Maeildoraidh, King of Cinel Conaill, [1057.] 
died in pilgrimage. Cathal, son Tighernan, King of the 
East of Connacht, was killed by Aedh Ua Ruairc. Conn- 
na-mbocht, [Bishop 4 ] of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. The 
son of Brian went into the house 5 of Aedh Ua Conchobh- 
air, King of Connacht, and gave him his submission. 

Kal. A change of Abbots at Ard-Macha, viz., Cumus- [1058.] 
gach Ua Eradain in the place of Dubhdalethe. Great 
fruit throughout Erinn in this year. The son of Brian 
went into the house of the son of Mael-na-mb<5, and 
brought many jewels and valuables out of it. 6 A prey 
was taken by the Eli, and by the Ui-Fogharta, from 
Cluain-muc-Nois, i.e. from Cros-na-screaptra, and they 
killed two persons at the church. The cows came back, 
through the miracle of Ciaran, at the time of getting up 
on the morrow. 

Kal. of January. 7 Great diseases in Laighen, viz., the [1059.] 
Bolgach 8 and the Treaghait, 9 which caused a great de- 
struction of people throughout Laighen. Gairbhith Ua 
Cathusaigh, King of Bregh, moritur. A hosting by Aedh 

O'F. has prefixed the date 1060 to 
the entries under this year. 

i January. 6ri., for Cnccifl, A. 
B. The orig. compiler appears to 
have intended adding the criteria for 
the year, which is 1059, reckoning 
the number of " Kal ;" but the correct 
year is 1061, as O'F. has noted in 
the marg., in A. 

8 The Bolgach. Omitted in B. 
" Bolgach" is the name at present 
applied to " small-pox" by the Irish- 
speaking population. 

9 Treaghait; i.e. "the colic." Refer- 
ring to "Bolgach" and "Treaghait," 
O'F. observes in a marg. note, " haec 
apud Dungal. [Anna!.] ad an. 1063 ; 
1061 Tighernach." 


cuotiicum scoTxmum. 

8luai|e-o la CCo-o .h. Concupaip, la Ri| Connachr;, ipn 
TTIumain, ^un. loifcc Cill "Ddlua, ev gup, fsaoil caqiai5 
dnncofia-o, er ^onTtuai'D na t>a bp.a'oan pobatxap. i 
rT;ipp,aiT> Cinncopxro, et; ^up. mupaT* ai^e m nppa 
lappin. Rtiai-opi .tl. laibeap.T;ai T>O rnapbaT) T>tla 

]ct. TYlac Oocha-oa, Ri IJlaT*, mofirtiuf efc. "Ca-D^ 
mac [CCe-oa] .1). Concupaifi, T>O T>O mac CCo-oha 
mic RuaiT)|ii ryie -pelL 

]ct. llic efc anntif pofcjiemup cicli majm. T)ub- 
"oaleice, comajiba paT)|iaic, quietus. "Oonncha^ mac 
bfiiain < oaicfiiaT, ocuf a T>ol "oo Roim T>a ailiryn, 
con-oeap-bailT: 1 naiT:|ii|e .1. 1 TTlainifre|i %cepain. 

]ct. OfigaiTi Cluana muc "Moif T>O Conmaicmb ec 750 
IM5 TTlaiTie. Cltiam pep,r;a T)ap.5am T>ai15 afi na mapac 
.1. T)CC(y5 .h. Rtiaip,c, "Ri byie-pne, er: mac T;aiT>5 .tl. 
, ec a mac. T3ucc CCo'5 .ft. Concupaifi mai*om 
an, na mafiac cyna |ia6 Cian,dm, 50 -ppayigfac a 
mumcep, ocuf a lon^a. "OiaitmaiT) mac 'Cai'os .Tl. 
Ceallaig, ocf a mac, T>O mafibaD la .h. Concuphaip. 
yua cenn mblia7>na. .tl. Ruaiyic -ohec rn.1 |iac Ciap,din. 
.h. TTlar^amna, Ri Ula-D, pep, T>olum occifUf epc. 

]ct. ReT>la m^ancac 7>o arn.ucca'o ifin bliaT)ain fi, 
ocuf fio be a me-o, ocuf a foillfi con^ebparxap, na 
7>aome |iab efga hi. SillabfiaiT>e .n. Ruaipc, Ri 
bfie-pne, mop.iT:Ufi. T]u|ilac -oec numge .xx. T)6p. T>O 

i Kal. O'Flaherty has added the 
date 1063, thus indicating that a year 
has been omitted between this entry 
and the last, to which he prefixed the 
year 10G1. 

1 [O/ 1 Aedh.~\ Supplied from the 
Four Mast., which have the killing 
of Aedh at the year 1062, as O'F. 
has observed in a note at the end 
of the entry in A. 

The great Cycle. O'F. has added 
a marg. note, now partly mutilated, 

pointing out that the year 1063 is 

here indicated: " [Ci]cli 

Dece[nnove]nalis est, sed non .... 
cujus est litera Dominic. . . . Verum 

hie Hag Paschalis Dionissii 

Exigui 532 annos complexus; quot 

ab Anno Christi 532, qno 

tus est, ad hunc 1064 annum elapsi 
sunt, cujus annus ultimus 1063, nt 
supra apud [Tigernachum]." He 
has, however, prefixed the date 1064. 
See note *. 



Ua Conchobhair, King of Connacht, into Mumhain, and 
he burned Cill-Dalua, and demolished the fortress of 
Cenn-coradh, and ate the two salmon that were in the 
well of Cenn-coradh, and the well was afterwards closed 
up by him. Euaidhri Ua Flaithbheartaigh was slain by 
Ua Conchobhair. 

Kal. 1 The son of Eochaidh, King of Uladh, mortuus 
est. Tadhg, son [of Aedh] 2 Ua Conchobhair, was killed 
by the son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, through treachery. 

Kal. This is the last year of the great Cycle. 3 Dubh- 
dalethe, comarb of Patrick, quievit. Donnchadh, son of 
Brian, was dethroned, and he went to Rome on his pil- 
grimage, and died in penitence, viz., in the monastery of 
Stephen. . 

Kal 4 Plundering of Cluain-muc-Nois, by the Con- 
maicne, and by the Ui Maine. Cluain-ferta was plundered 
by them on the morrow, i.e. by Aedh Ua Ruairc, King of 
Breifne, and by the son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, and his 
son. Aedh Ua Conchobhair defeated them next day, 
through the grace of Ciaran, so that they lost their people, 
and their vessels. Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, 
and his son, were slain by Ua Conchobhair before the end 
of a year. Ua Ruairc died through the power of Ciaran. 
Ua Mathghamhna, King of Uladh, was slain through 

Kal. A wonderful star appeared 5 in this year, and its 
magnitude and brightness were such that the people said 
it was a moon. Gillabraide Ua Ruairc, King of Breifhe, 
moritur. The value 6 of 30 ounces of gold was given by 






*Kal. O'F. has added the date 
" 1065 " in the margin. 

8 Appeared. "Do acfiucc, A. B., 
for "-DO atjiucccro," or "T>O aju;- 
lUiccnaT)," as in the Four Mast. The 
more recent hand already referred to 
(see note 3 , p. 274), has added a Latin 

gloss over the entry, in which the 
word acfiucccrD is incorrectly inter- 
preted "luxit" O'F. has prefixed 
the date 1066. 

6 The value, ctxtc, A. 
B. tuac, " value," Tighern. 



cabaipi; 6 < Cai]voeatbac .tl. bpiam, ocup 6 mac tTlaoil- 
nambo oCCo'o .tl. Concupaip, a|i con^num ppiu, ocup 
an coimme-o ce-ona -DO 6 TT)upchaT> .t). bpiam, ay. 


]ct. TTluipcepcac .tl. Caprhaij;, ppim u|7>ap ocup 
ppim oltam Connachc "DO ba'oha'o 1 Loc 
Celecaip Op]^cop Cluana muc "Noif, quieuic. 
.Tl. TTlui|ii5ean, Hi 'Ceabca, 7)0 majiba'D 6 
TLamam. Stuai^eT> la "DiayiTnaiT) mac TTlaoilnambo 
co ti^alloiB ec Lai-gmt!), ec ta "Caifi^ealbac .Tl. mbfiiain 
50 ppe|ioiB TTlumhan tule, 50 hCCoD .tl. Concupaip., ^ufi 
mafibfi'oe .h. Concupaip., Hi Cia^ai^e tuacjia. "Can- 

iji b|ieppne, urn CCe-5 mac CCiyiT; .h. Ruaific, 

Connachc beof. "Cfii .ocx. CGD a tin. peyirup. 

f peocai|i enn. ConnachcaiB ocuf p|i bn.epne, 
50 rco|ichai|i ann CCo-oh .tl. Concupaip., cairmile-D 
ian.rain. -Domain, Cuculain na n^aoiT>et, suite ofiT)am 
ocuf ai|iechaif na hGfienn, -oume af mo T>O beijiei) T)O 
, ec T>eT)oc, 7>6n. ocuf DO buaip ap, a anmam a 

jet. Tnuficha-o .tl. bpiam Ri^-Damna Ojienn,, DO map,baD T>pep.oib 'Ceabra. "Oomnatt 
TTlaoitpechtamn, Ui dnet Ooghain, a ppacpe 
occi-p tip epu. 

]ct. Onaip. Stuaige'D ta TTlupchaD mac "DiapmaDa 
im TTli-be, gup toipcc ^panapT) ocup "Pabap, ec CCpT> 
bpeacam. Ho mapb 7>no pecm eipiom mn, gntup -DO 
gntip, ocup dp Satl es tai^en. TTlac ^a-opa wic T)una- 
0015, Hi it CCnmcha'oa, [-00 mapBaf> -otla TTla-DUTiain]. 

1 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
1067, which he considers to be the 
correct date. 

2 Battle. The orig. hand has added 
the note cccc "Cuyilaig CC-onaij, 
" battle of Turlach-Adhnaigh," in the 
marg. Dr. O'Donovan conjectures 
that " Turkch-Adhnaigh" may have 

been the name of the place now called 
Turlach-Airt, in the territory of 
Aidhne, in the co. Galway. See 
Four Mast., ad an. 1067, note y . 

8 " Sffiath gearr;" i.e. "the short 
shield," a sobriquet of Murchadh. 
The year 1068 has been prefixed to 
this entry by O'Flaherty. 


Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, and by the son of Mael-na- A.D. 
mbo, to. Aedh Ua Conchobhair, for assisting them ; and r 10 63.1 
the same amount was given to him by Murchadh Ua 
Briain, for assisting him. 

Kal. 1 Muircertach Ua Carthaigh, chief author and [1064.] 
chief poet of Connacht, was drowned in Loch Calgaigh. 
Celechair, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Tadhg 
Ua Muirigen, King of Teabhtha was slain by Muinter- 
Tlamain. A hosting by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, 
with Foreigners and Lagenians, and by Toirdhealbhach 
Ua Briain, with all the men of Mnmhain, to Aedh Ua 
Conchobhair, and he (Aedh} killed Ua Conchobhair, King 
of Ciarraighe-Luachra. The men of Breifne, with Aedh, son 
of Art Ua Ruairc, went still to plunder Connacht. Their 
number was 6,000. A sharp, valorous battle 2 was fought 
between the Connachtmen and the men of Breifne, in 
which was slain Aedh Ua Conchobhair, the champion of 
the west of the world, the Cuchulain of the Gaeidhel, the 
flood of dignity and nobility of Erinn, and the man who 
was wont to give the most of food and clothing, of gold 
and cows, for his soul, in Erinn. 

Kal. Murchadh Ua Briain, Royal heir of Erinn, called [1065.] 
" Sgiath gearr," 3 was killed by the men of Teabhtha. 
Domhnall Ua Maeilsechlainn, King of Cinel Eoghain, 
was slain by his brother. 

Kal. of January. 4 A hosting by Murchadh, son of [1066.] 
Diarmaid, into Midhe, so that he burned Granard, and 
Fobhar, and Ard-Breacain. Fechin slew him therefor, how- 
ever, face to face ; and a slaughter of Foreigners and La- 
genians took place. The son of Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, 
King of Sil-Anmchadha, [was killed by Ua Madudhain. 5 ] 

4 Kal. of January. The annalist 
seems to have intended adding the 
ordinary criteria for the year, i.e. the 
day of the week on which the 1st of 
January occurred ; but omitted to do 
so. The same omission frequently 

occurs from this year, which is cor- 
rectly 1069, to the end. 

6 Madudhain. The words in brackets 
have been added from the Ann. Four 
Mast., the entry being left incomplete 
in A. and B. 


}ct. CCibll .h. CCijiechcai^, t>o Cofica Haifte bo, Ciafiam, quietus. TYlunha'o ucrccmac, fii- 
oamna Conn ache, TJO mcqabcro *no ConmaicniB t;n.e 
meabaiL "Oonn^al mac ^ofimam, ranaipi CCbbaf* 
Cluana muc Noip, qineuit;. 

]ct. Gnaifi. Huai-oni .Tl. Canannam, Hi Cmel Conaill, 
oo ma|iba5. .M. tlflaoil|iuanai'D, Hi Ula^, occifUf 

]ct. "Diaitmai-o mac TTlaoilnambo, Ri ^oiil, 
Lai^en, ec Leiee THo^a, T>O mafibat) la Concupayi .tl. 
THaitfeclainn 1 ^cac OT)ba, ocuf an. tnme. h. 
Hi tHaTD, ocuf mac CCifiea, Hi ^abla, T>O tofccaT) a 
nneT* la pean,ai^i TDi'De. 

Jet. Gnaifi. Concupaft .H. TTlaoilfeclamn, Hi 'Cemjiac, 
DO man,baT T>O mac a ' .1. -DO Tnun.chaT) mac 
plamn, cfiia meabail. CC ceiin T>O bfieic a haT>nacal 6 
Cluain muc Moif co Cenn copxro la "Caifi-oealbac .tl. 
bfiiam, aome caf^a ; T)ia T>omnai5 -po ce-ooifi 
pum anT)6f con THO" -pailpB 6i|i malle niiTT- 

]ct. Onaiyi. "Dunan G^pfcop CCa cliac 
'Donncha'D .n. Ceallai%, Hi .h. TTlame, occifUf epc a 
P1iar;p.e -puo, pe|i -colum. 

]ct. enaip- .h. Canannam, Hi Cmel Conaill, mop,i- 
cii|i. YTUiificenxac .fl. Oyiiam *DO po^ha'D a nCC cliac. 
^OT:fiai|, Hi all, mo|nt:u|i. 

]ct. Gnain. TTlti|ichaT> mac Concupaifi .n. TTlaoilfec- 
lamn T)O mai%ba^ "oCCmlaiB mac TTlaolain i 

i Kal. O'F. has prefixed the date 

s January. See note *, p. 289. The 
date 1071 has been prefixed by O'F. 

Kal of January. See note 4 , p. 
289. This is the year 1073, as O'F. 
has noted in the marg. , 

* Kal of January. The annalist 
seems to have intended adding the 
criteria for the year ; i.e. the day of 
the week on which the 1st of January 

occurred, this being the method of 
indicating the date generally followed 
by the earlier chroniclers. The omis- 
sion of the ferial number has been 
repeated at many entries infra. Sec 
note 4 , p. 289. O'Flaherty has added 
the correct ywir, 1074, in the margin. 
8 Muircertuch. The son of Toir- 
dhealbhach, or Turlough, at this time 
King of Ireland. The date 1075 has 
been prefixed by O'F. 



KaL ! Ailill Ua Airechtaigh, who was of the Corca- A.D. 
Raidhe, comarb of Ciaran, quievit. Murchadh Liathanach, [1067.] 
Royal heir of Connacht was slain by the Conmaicne, 
through treachery. Donngal, son of Gorman, tanist- 
Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 

Kal. of January. 2 Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, King of [1068.] 
Cinel Conaill, was killed. Ua Maeilruanaidh, King of 
Uladh, occisus est. 

Kal. Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of the [1069.] 
Foreigners, and of Laighen, and of Leth-Mogha, was 
killed by Conchobhar Ua Maeilsechlainn, in the battle of 
Odhbha, and a carnage about him. Ua Flaithri, King 
of Uladh, and Mac Aisitha, King of Gabhla, were burned 
in a house on fire, by the men of Midhe. 

Kal. of January. 3 Conchobhar Ua Maeilsechlainn, [1070.] 
King of Temhair, was slain by his brother's son, i.e. by 
Murchadh, son of Flann, through treachery. His head 
was taken from its sepulchre at Cluain-muc-Nois, to Cenn- 
coradh, by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, on Good Friday. 
On Sunday, immediately after, it was brought from the 
south, and two rings of gold along with it. 

Kal. of January. 4 Dunan, Bishop of Ath-cliath, quievit. [1071.] 
Donnchadh Ua Ceallaigh, King of Ui Maine, was treacher- 
ously slain by his brother. 

Kal. of January. Ua Canannain, King of Cinel Conaill, [1072.] 
moritur. Muircertach 5 Ua Briain was made King at 
Ath-cliath. Gothfraigh, King of the Foreigners, moritur. 

Kal. of January. Murchadh, son of Conchobhar 6 Ua [1073.] 
Maeilsechlainn, was killed by Amhlaibh, son of Maelan, 
i.e. the King of Gaileng, in the Cloictech 7 of Cenannus ; 

Son of Conchobhar. Over the 
name Conchobhar the orig. hand has 
written "tmac plamn," or "son 
of Flann," as in all the other chron- 
icles, except that of Tighernach, 
which has Ua plamti, i. "grand- 

son of Flann." The reading, "on 
of Flann," is probably correct. See 
note s , p. 292. 

* The Cloictech ; i.e. the belfry, 
steeple, or round tower. O'F. ha* 
prefixed the date 1076. 



Cenannfa .1. 7>o 7115 ^aileng, es a cumm -pen la TYlaol- 
peclamn mac Concupaiji. 'Gen.ce bi*D ipin bbaf>am 


}ct. &naifi. Cluam muc Noif T>O tofcca-o inle, 
cenmora an cempol. TTluvichaT> mac Concupaifi, mic 
TTlaoilfeclamn, DO manbaT> Tvpefiaip 'Geabca. 

jet. Gnaifi. lelopan. .tl. LaiT^nen, Hi CCi 7151 all, es 
Concupaji .h. bi"iiain, Hi Cinel Co^am, ev "Oomnatl 
mac 'Cigep.nam, Hi Conmaicne, omnef occifi 
Coib-oenac ancafia 1mli IBaifi, qtneuir. 

}ct. TTlaoiciccfidnn mac Ctnnn na mbochc, 
Ceallach -tl. Huanatia, ollam eiyienn, mo|iirup. 
.1l. ptair;15eafiT:ai, Hi ia^Tai|i Connachr;, T>O map.baT> 
la HuaiT)fii .n. Concupoiji. ITHnfie'oac mac TTln^iioin, 
pe^i lepnn Cluana muc Moif, quieuir. Sluai^e-o la 
"Caifvoealbach .h. mbifiiam 50 hCC clmr, ec 50 -peyioib 
TTliTie, 50 Txam^ TTlaolfeclainn mac Concupaifi na ec 
la coma^iba paT>n.aic ec la bacaill 108CC. 

|ct. 6nai|i. TTlac CCmal5aT)a mic plamn, raoifec no 
Hi Callyiaile, T>O mayibaT) "DO THaolfeclamn mac Con- 
cupain. CCfiu T>a|i5ain T>O ^alloip. 

]ct. 6nai|i. T)omnall mac TXXIDCC .h. Concupaifi, 
|H5T>amna Connachr, T>O map.baD T>O Carhal mac CCot>a 
.h. Concupain, r|ie -pell. Cathal .ll. Concupa^i TDO 
la HuaiT>ni .H. Concupai^, 50 -pochaiT>e 

1 The Tempol. There were several 
churches at Cluain-muc-Nois called 
"Tempol" (templum); and it is un- 
certain which of them is here referred 
to. The Four Mast (1077, which is 
the correct year) have "sentnocch-o 
a cceampailV " except their 

1 Son. The Annals generally read 
Hot, i.e. grandson, or descendant; 
which is probably more correct. See 
note , p. 291. 

8 Kal. of January. See note 4 , p. 

4 Anmchara. cmcafict, A. B., for 
anmoafia, or anarncafia; ie. "soul- 

s Kal. O'F. has added the date 
1079 in the margin. 

e Chief poet. OCt., for Ollam, 
A. Oil, B. 

7 Muiredhach. This entry and the 
following are noted by O'F. as be- 
longing to the year 1080. See note 9 , 
next page. 



and he himself fell by Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar. A.D. 
A scarcity of food in this year. [10731 

Kal. of January. Cluain-muc-Nois was entirely burned, [1074.] 
except the Tempol. l Murchadh, son of Conchobhar, son 2 of 
Maelsechlainn, was slain by the men of Teabhtha. 

Kal. of January. 3 Lethlobhar Ua Laidhgnen, King of [1075.] 
Airghiall, and Conchobhar Ua Briain, King of Cinel 
Eoghain, and Domhnall, son of Tighernan, King of Con- 
maicne, were all slain. Coibhdenach, Anmchara 4 of 
Imlech-Ibhair, quievit. 

Kal. 5 Maelciarain, son of Conn-na-mbocht, quievit. [1076.] 
Ceallach Ua Ruanadha, chief poet 6 of Erinn, moritur. Aedh 
Ua Flaithbheartaigh, King of the West of Connacht, was 
killed by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair. Muiredhach, 7 son of 
Mughron, lector of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. A hosting 
by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain to Ath-cliath, and to the 
men of Midhe; and Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, 
came into his house, 8 with the comarb of Patrick and with 
the Bachall ISA. 

KaL 9 of January. The son of Amhalghaidh, son of [1077.] 
Flann, chieftain, or King, 10 of Calraighe, was slain by 
Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar. Ara was plundered 
by Foreigners. 

Kal. of January. Domnhall, son of Tadhg Ua Con- [1078.] 
chobhair, Royal heir of Connacht, was slain by Cathal, 
son of Aedh Ua Conchobhair, through treachery. Cathal 
Ua Conchobhair fell 11 by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, and 

8 Came into his house; i.e. sub- 
mitted to him. 

9 Kal. O'Flaherty has prefixed the 
date 1081, thus implying that the year 
1080 has been omitted. See note. 7 , 
last page, 

J Or King. t Ri," for no Ri, 
added in the orig. hand over the pre- 
ceding word (caoif ec) in A. 

u Fell. In the marg. the orig. hand 

has written the words "maTDTn na 
neccrp,," i.e. "the defeat of the boats," 
as if to signify that Cathal fell in the 
battle so called. But in the Four 
Mast. (1082) the battle called the 
" defeat of the boats" is stated to have 
been fought on Loch-Ribh, now Lough 
Ree, and to have been gained by 
Domhnall, son of Flann Ua Maeilech- 
lainn, over the men of West Meath, 
and the Dealbhna, and Cuircne. 

294 cnoNicum scoTxmum. 

uime. Cmao .Tl. Rua&am, canaifi CCbbaD Ctuana 


Onaifi. CCoTi .h. TDaoilfectamn, Ri (1115, 
CCn niett.anach .Tl. 6ochaT>a, Ri tllaf) -DO ba-oha-fc 
a Luimnech. 

]ct. Gnaifi. Cac ei-oifi "OonnchaD .Tl. Ruaific, 50 
Connacht, ocuf 50 Cai|ibfie, ocuf co n^ailen- 
, fie 1T)uijicefvcac .Tl. rnb|iiain 50 n^alloitS, ocup 

ann "Oonncha'D .[). Rumfic, ocuf CmneT)i5 .M. 
ocuf Con^alac .M. Concupaiyi "Pailp^, ec alu. 

]ct. Onaifi. CCfi 'oaoine ocuf mmle in hoc anno. 
TTIac "Oomnaill .H. Ruaific, Ri .n. mbfiium, 
epr; pe|i Tolum. 

]ct. Onaifi. TTlaoiliofa .n. 0|iolacan, ffimr; 
Ofienn, ocuf -paoi hecna ocuf ain.ceT>oil, quieuir;. 
oealbac .h. Ofiiam, Ri |imoifi 6|ienn, p-epn anno 
.ccx.n. uicam -pelicireii -piniuir. YTlai7)ni na Cp.mca fiia 
n^alloi^, ocuf Lai^niB, -po|i fnaolfeclainn mac Concu- 
paip., ubi cecit>en,unr; TTlaolciap.ain .n. Cacafai^, ocuf 
.h. TTlaoilmhiiai'D, Ri ppep, Ceall, ec atn. CCn Smnac 
Pnn .h. Caca|inai5 .1. Cmao, Ri "Cebra, ocuf a mac, 
ocuf .Tl. TTlui|ieT>hai, txxoipec TTluinri|ie 'Clam am, TO 
-D a ppill 6 TTlaolfeclainn mac Concupaip, 1 lloc 
e Htiara. .n. Oaoi^ealtdm, Ri CCifipall, occifUf 

i TheMeranach. CCn TDefictnacTi; 
i.e. "the wanton." Tighernach (1083) 
writes the name "1n TTlefianach." 
The Ann, Ult. and the Four Mast. 
have "CCe-oh TTlep,anch," "Aedh 
Meranach," or " Hugh the wanton." 

* Luimnech ; i.e. Limerick. The 
Four Mast, who record this event 
under the year 1074, say that "Aedh 
Meranach" was drowned "at Luim- 
nech, or in Loch-Eathach (Loth 

Neagh)." It is possible that " Luim- 
nech" may be only a misreading of 
an abbreviated form of the name 
" Loch-Eathach," which might be 
contracted to "t.nech~.," and thus 
mistaken for "Luimnech." The 
year 1083 has been prefixed to these 
entries by O'F. 

1 Kal. of January. See note *, p. 
289. O'F. has added the date 1084 
in the marg. 



a great multitude along with him. Cinaeth Ua Ruadhain, A.D. 
tanist- Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. [1078.] 

Ka]. of January. Aedh Ua Maeilsechlainn, King of [1079.] 
Ailech, moritur. The Meranach 1 Ua Eochadha, King of 
Uladh, was drowned at Luimnech. 2 

Kal. of January. 3 A battle between Donnchadh Ua [1080.] 
Ruairc, with the men of East Connacht, and with the 
Cairbre, and with the Gailenga, and Muircertach Ua 
Briain, with the Foreigners, and the men of Laighen, and 
of Osraighe, and of Mumhain; in which Donnchadh Ua 
Ruairc, and Cennedigh Ua Briain, and Congalach Ua 
Conchobhair Failghigh, and others, were slain. 

KaL of January. 4 A great mortality of men and cattle [1081.] 
in this year. The son of Domhnall Ua Ruairc, King of 
Ui-Briuin, was treacherously killed. 

Kal. of January. Maelisa Ua Brolachan, illustrious [1082.] 
senior of Erinn, and professor of learning and poetry, 
quievit. Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, King of the greater 
part of Erinn, in the 22nd year of his reign, ended his 
life happily. 5 The victory of the Crinach was gained by 
the Foreigners and Lagenians, over Maelsechlainn, son of 
Conchobhar, in which victory fell Maelciarain Ua Catha- 
saigh, and Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, and 
others. The Sinnach Finn 6 Ua Catharnaigh, i.e. Cinaeth, 7 
King of Teabhtha, and his son, and Ua Muiredhaigh, 
chieftain of Muinter-Tlamain, were treacherously slain 
by Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, in Loch-Muighe- 
Huatha. Ua Baeigheallain, King of Airghiall, was slain 
by the Conaille. 

* KaL of January. See note 4 , p. 
289. The correct date is 1085, as 
O'F. has noted in the marg. 

6 Happily. elicic., for pelricicefi, 
A. B. incorrectly reads paelicem. 
O'F. has prefixed the correct date, 

6 The Sinnach Finn ; lit. " the 
white Fox." See note , p. 278. 

7 Cinaeth. The Four Mast, call 
him Tadhg, i.e. Thaddeus, or Timothy; 
but Tighernach writes it " Cinaeth." 
He is also called "Tadhg" iii the 
admirable genealogical work compiled 
by Duald Mac Firbis, the transcriber 
of this Chronicle. See the Miscellany 
of the Irish Archaeological Society, 
vol i., p. 186, 



]ct. ITIaolpeclamn mac Concupaip, Ri Tempac, T>O 
mapba-o T>pepaifi Teabtxi a nCCp-oachaT>, pep 'oolum. 
rnaolpuanaiT> .1l. CCipz;, Ri 'Cebca, mopirup. Ca 
Conacla .1. a Copamn, la RuaTopi .tl. Concupaip, ocup 
Copmac .tl. Cillm, ajvo pecnab 81 1 inuipe-ohail;, ocup 
ma-oa Ciapan na tanTi pepan car, T>iambaoi -oa cup 
ei-oip ConnachroiB ociif ConmaicniB, piyi jiaennhe^ 
Conmaicmt5, T)U aTxo|icai|i CCo^ mac CCifvc .n. 
Ri Conmaicne, ocuf Tnui^e-ohac .tl. Oolaif, ocuf 
mac ConfteBe .h. pe^ail, ocuf mac ^ap|iai5 .0. 
8ifii-oen, er; atn. Ruai-ofii .h. Concupai|i tnccofi -ptni:. 
Cau Raca Or)ai|i e-oifi Lai^niB ocuf -pefiaiB TDuman, 
yiaoime-b -pofi Lai^mB. TDui|ice|irac .tl. bfuam 

]ct. Tnai-om la RuaiT)p,i .tl. Concupai|i 05 
CCfi-Dachar*, -pop, TDtniicepcac .tl. mbyuam, -DU an po 
map-bar* ap, TTltumnec. CCp aile TTItMrnnec la RuaiT)pi 
.tl. Concupaip. 1npaT> Copcumpuait* la RuaiT>pi .tl. 
Concupaip, ip inBeachram noc ap -pa^pac bom 110 
7)111116 ^an malaipc. "Do pocparr:ap ann rpi bao^hal 
rpiap mair T>O ConnachroiC .1. mac Carhail .tl. 
caoipec ClamneCarhail, et:Cupinnamac 
raoipec Clamne "Comalrais, ocup mac ^illa Cpipc, mic 
Gcci^epn, raoipec Cope OCclann. CoinnmeT> caoiciT)ip 
6 RuaTopi .tl. Concupaip, T>O *Domnall mac 171 1C Loc- 
lamn, ocup "DO Conall ocup Deogan. "Do cuarxap 
iappm Connacbra ocup lucbi; an cuaip^epT: 1 TTlumham, 

1 Kcd. The correct year is 1087, 
according to O'F. 

2 The staff, mcroa ; lit. " stick." 
This intervention of Cormac Ua Cillin 
is not noticed in any of the other 
chronicles which record the battle of 
Conachail, now Cunghill, a townland 
in the parish of Achonry, barony of 
Leyny, and co. of Sligo. There is 
another Cormac Ua Cillin referred to 
under the year 964, supra. 

Kal. O'F. has added the correct 
date (1088) in the marg. 

4 Inis-Ardachadh. The name is also 
thus written in Tighernach ; but the 
Four Mast., probably correctly, have 
Inis-adharcach, i.e. "the horned is- 
land," now Incherky, an island in the 
river Shannon. See Ordnance Map 
of the King's county, sheet 29. 

6 Being Uft in danger. T^i baoglf., 



Kal. 1 Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, King of 
Temhair, was treacherously killed by the men of Teabhtha, 
at Ard-achadh. Maelruanaidh Ua Airt, King of Teabhtha, 
moritur. The battle of Conachail, i.e. in Corann, was 
fought by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair; and Cormac Ua 
Cillin, chief vice-Abbot of the Sil-Muiredhaigh, having 
the staff 2 of Ciaran in his hand, stood in front of the 
battle, whilst it was fought between the Connacht- 
men and the Conmaicne ; and the Conmaicne were 
defeated ; on which occasion Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, 
King of Conmaicne, and Muiredhach Ua Eolais, and 
Sitric, son of Cusleibhe Ua Ferghail, and the son of 
Gofraigh Ua Siriden, and others, were slain. Ruaidhri 
Ua Conchobhair was the victor. The battle of Rath- 
Edair between the Lagenians and the men of Mumhain, 
and the Lagenians were vanquished. Muircertach Ua 
Briain was the victor. 

Kal. 3 A victory by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, at Inis- 
Ardachadh, 4 over Muircertach Ua Briain, in which a 
multitude of the men of Mumhain were slain. Another 
slaughter of the men of Mumhain by Ruaidhri Ua Con- 
chobhair. The ravaging of Corcomruaidh, by Ruaidhri 
Ua Conchobhair, so that it is doubtful that they left a cow, 
or a man, without injuring. Three nobles of the Connacht- 
men, being left in danger, 5 perished there, viz., the son of 
Cathal Ua Mughroin, chief of Clann-Cathail, and Cusinna, 
son of Muirchertach, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, and the son 
of Gillachrist, 6 son of Echtighern, chief of Corca-Achlann. 
A fortnight's refection was given by Ruaidhri Ua Con- 
chobhair to Domhnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, and to the 
Cinel Conaill and Clnel Eoghain. The Connachtmen 7 
and the men of the North went afterwards into Mumhain, 



for tyxi baoglmt; lit. "through 

Gillachrist. gilla Ciri-> A. B., 
for 'giUxx Cfv, the usual abbrev. form 

7 Connachtmen. 0<*chcct, A., in 
which the reversed letter (Q) repre- 
sents the syllable Conn. Couya, 
another abbreviated form of the same 
word, B. 




gup m-opeocrap 50 Imtech 1t5aip, ocup 50 lx>c 
ocup bpu 1115, ocup "Oun aice-o, ocup 50 "Dpumam .. 
Clepcm, ocup gup muppac Luimnec, ocup 50 Txuspac 
cenn mic Cailig o cnocoift Samnpl, ocup pip 7:0501 Ipioc 
Cenn copaT>, ocup $up pa^bai'Dfir; ochc .xoc. laoc ann 
ei75ep, ^ultu ocuf ^aoi-oealu, ocu-p co |va ^abaiyi^ 
pallu T)iC; 50 fiu^par; teo mac maT>UT>cnn .R. CmneT)i 
epce, ec mac Con^atui^ .h. Ocain, et: mac Ochach .1). 
Lum^fi^, 50 Txu^a'D ba, ocuy 6fi, ec ec ei: ai^e-o, ocu-p 
cuipn cayia cenn 6 TTluficha'D .Tl. bp.iam. 'Ci 56^11 ach .M. 
bfiam, -DO 8il TTluip,eT)hai|, comapba Ciajiam Cluana 
muc Noi^, ocup Comam, quieuic. "Oupcablai^ m^en 
.tl. Concupaip, mofiirup. TT16|i, m^en Taifvoeal- 
.n. Opiam, ben Ruan>p.i .H. Concupaift, moprcup. 
Ua TTIaoilppic, otlam 6penn, qtnemr;. 

]cb "Oonncha-o mac "Domnaill pemaip, pi 
er; ^all, T)O mapbaT> "oo Concupap .n. Concupaip [p]ait- 
515. Coblac ppep TTItimhan r>o collect; pop Smamn, 
ocup pop Loc Hi^, sup aipspior; Imp Ctorpann, ec Imp 
bo -pinne, ocup Imp Bn^m, ocup Ctuam 6mam, ^up 
ouna-o CCi-Dipcec ocup Recpait: T>ap a nep la Ruai-opi 
.1l. Concupaip, ocup co n-oecar^ap luchc an coblai pop 
cumaipce [.tl.] TTlaoilpeclainn, 50 ppap^par: a lonj;a 
ai^e ; co nttecai-o .h. Concupaip ap cpeic a TTlumham, 
jo Cill *Oalua, ocup 50 "Odl cCaipp ip na lon^aiB pin ; 
.h. TYlaoilpeclamn i ntlait:niB ripe ocup a 

1 Cailech ; i.e. " the cock," an 
epithet of Art Ua Ruairc, King of 
Connaoht, whose death is entered 
under the year 1044, supra. His son, 
Donnchadh, whose head is here stated 
to have been brought away from the 
hills of Sainngel (Singland, co. of 
Limerick), was slain by Muircertach 
Ua Briain, or Mortogh O'Brien, in 
the year 1084, according to the Four 
Mast, and the Annals of Inisfallen ; 

and it is probable that his head was 
carried to Munster, as a trophy, by 
the victor. 

2 Tighernach Ua Brain. This is 
the annalist Tighernach, whose chro- 
nicle of Irish affairs is generally re- 
garded as the most authentic of its 

Kal O'F. has prefixed the year 
1089, which is the correct date. 



and they plundered to Imlech-Ibhair, and to Loch Gair, 
and Brugh-righ, and Dun-aiched, and to Druman-Ui- 
Clerchin; and they demolished Luimnech, and brought 
the head of the son of Cailech 1 from the hills of Sainngel ; 
and they destroyed Cenn-coradh, where they found eight 
score heroes, including Foreigners and Gaeidhel, of whom 
they took pledges ; and they carried off with them there- 
from the son of Madudhan Ua Cennedigh, and the son of 
Congalach Ua Ogain, and the son of Eochaidh Ua Loing- 
sigh, until cows, and gold, and horses, and silver, and 
goblets were given for their sake by Murchadh Ua Briain. 
Tighernach Ua Brain, 2 of the Sil-Muiredhaigh, comarb of 
Ciaran of Cluain-muc-Nois, and of Coman, quievit. 
Dubhcabhlaigh, daughter of Aedh Ua Conchobhair, mori- 
tur. M6r, daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, wife of 
Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, moritur. Ua Maeilgiric, chief 
poet of Erinn, quievit. 

Kal. 3 Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Remhar, 4 King of 
Laighen, and of the Foreigners, was slain by Conchobhar 
Ua Conchobhair [F]ailghigh. A fleet of the men of 
Mumhain went upon the Sinainn, and upon Loch Ribh, 
and plundered Inis Clothrann, and Inis-bo-finne, and 
Inis Enghin and Cluain-Emhain ; but Aidhircech and 
Rechraith were blocked up after them by Ruaidhri Ua 
Conchobhair, and the crew of the fleet placed themselves 
under the protection of [Ua] Maeilsechlainn, and left their 
ships with him ; and Ua Conchobhair went on a preying 
expedition into Mumhain, to Cill-Dalua, and to Dal-Cais, 
in those ships ; and Ua Maeilsechlainn went* into Uaithne- 
tire, and into Uaithne-fidhbhaidhe so that they brought 




* Domhnall Remhar; i.e. "Domh- 
nall the fat." 

* Ua Maeilsechlainn went. There 
is an apparent want of connection 
between this and the preceding clause 
In the text, from which it would seem 

that some words had been omitted. 
The Four Mast. (1089) say that 
Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, or Rory 
O'Conor, and Ua Maeilsechlainn, or 
O'Melaghlin, proceeded together into 


p07)bai7)e, 50 

bu irn-oa ocup bpaiT) leo. 


let. TTluipcepcac .u. bpmm 7>o T)til ap Loc Riac cpe 
baobab TTHnpcepcac .1l- bpicc, Ri na nltep, ocapup 
epc. *Oun aiceT> 7)O lopccaT) la Ruai7)pi .Tl. Concupaip. 

]ct. Cennpaelai) .1). O^am, comapba bpenamn, 
quieuir. "OonnpletSe .h. eochaT>a, Ri Ula-o, T>O maixba-o 
6 Cinel Oo^am. TDac mic CCoxta, mic RuaiD|ii, Ri 
iafit:aifi Conn ache, mon.iT;un.. TDaoili^a, comafiba POT)- 
fiaic, quieuic a nCCiiT)macha. 

]ct. RuaiT)fii .Tl. Concupaip, Ri Connachr, T>O Ttalta-o 
7)0 plairbep.T:ac .h. ptairbe|it:ai5, ocuf 'of'pja^aiirac .tl. 
[p]accap.T:ui, ocuf af e a alsfiu ocuf caifi-oiuf Cfiiofc 
po feachc, ocuf a ri^eiina. 1n Cyiaib-oec .h. paltamam 
7)0 baT)ha7) 1 Loc Caip-yipn. CCo-o mac Caehait .H. 
Concupaip, 7)O [^abail 7>o] bfiian, ocuf |n|e Sit TTluifie- 
7)hai [T>O rabaiyir] 7)0 ^iotta na naom .h. H-oin. 
Cofimac 1Tlainifr;|ieac, uafat Opfcop, qineinr. Cobtac 
ppe^i TTluman 7>an.5am Ctuana muc Woif. 

]ct. Onaip- TTlaotcotuim mac T)onnchaTa, Ri CCtban, 
7)0 man,baT> 7)O pn-an^coiB, ocuf G^bayiT) a mac, ec 
TTla|i5an,ir;a, ben TTlaeilcotuim, 7)hec 7)a cumaT). CCoi) 
mac Cachait .fl. Concupaip, Ri Sit TTluin.e7)hai5, 7>o 
man-bai) 1 TTltimhain a n^emit, ta .H. pasajichai^ .1. 
Pagan-cac, rfim -pett. TTleabaD ap. it Tnuifiei)ai5 inte 
ta TT1uin.cep.cac T). mbpiam, Ri 6penn, ^up, aip^, ec 
mnapb hi r^ip nGo^ain, ocup ^up gaB a Rig .1. 

i Kal. The correct date is 1090, 
as O'F. has noted in the margin. 

s Through danger. Tfie baoj;haL 
The translation is literal, but the 
meaning is that Muircertach went 
upon Loch Riach, which, or rather the 
surrounding district, was undefended 
and exposed to danger. Dr. O'Dono- 
van renders it "by taking an unfair 
advantage." Four Mast., ad an. 1090. 

8 Kal. This is properly the year 

1091, as O'F. has pointed out in the 

4 The Cralblidech; i.e. "theDevotee." 
O'F. has prefixed the date 1092. 

5 Ua Eidhin. The Four Mast, 
him Gilla-na-naemh Ua Conchobhair 
(or O'Conor), as his name is written 
under the next year. But he is called 
Ua Eidhin, or O'Heyne, at the year 
109G. The words enclosed within 
brackets are supplied from the Four 


'J < 




Mast., having been omitted in the 
text, apparently through negligence. 

6 Kal. of January. See note *, p. 
289. The year 1093 has been pre- 
fixed by O'Flaherty. 

7 Franks. Recte, by Normans. 

8 Fogartach. The name of the per- 
son who slew Aedh was, therefore, 
Fogartach Ua Fogartaigh, or Fogarty 
O'Fogarty, as the name would now bo 




a great many cows and captives with them. The Easter A.D. 
of the wind. 

Kal. 1 Muircertach Ua Briain went upon Loch Riach, 
through danger. 2 Muircertach Ua Bricc, King of the 
Deisi, occisus est. Dun-aiched was burned by Ruaidhri 
Ua Conchobhair. 

Kal. 3 Cennfaeladh Ua Ogain, comarb of Brenainn, 
quievit. Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha, King of Uladh, was 
slain by the Cinel Eoghain. The grandson of Aedh, son 
of Ruaidhri, King of the West of Connacht, moritur. 
Maelisa, cornarb of Patrick, quievit in Ard-Macha. 

KaL Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, King of Connacht, 
was blinded by Flaithbheartach Ua Flaithbheartaigh, 
and by [F]ogartach Ua [FJogartaigh ; and he was his 
( Ua Flathbheartaigh's) fosterer, and seven times his gossip, 
and his lord. The Craibhdech 4 Ua Fallamhain was 
drowned in Loch Cain-gin. Aedh, son of Cathal Ua 
Conchobhair [was taken prisoner] by Brian, and the 
sovereignty of the Sil-Muiredhaigh [was given] to Gilla- 
na-naemh Ua Eidhin. 5 Corrnac of Mainistir, an illustrious 
Bishop, quievit. A fleet of the men of Mumhain plun- 
dered Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Kal. January. 6 Maelcoluim, son of Donnchadh, King 
of Alba, and Edward his son, were slain by Franks, 7 and 
Margarita, Maelcoluim's wife, died of grief for him. 
Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, King of Sil- 
Muiredhaigh, was treacherously killed in Mumhain, 
whilst in manacles, by Ua Fogartaigh, i.e. Fogartach. 8 
The Sil-Muiredhaigh were all defeated by Muircertach 
Ua Briain, King of Erinn, and he ravaged their territory, 
and expelled them to Tir Eoghain, and captured their 



.Tl. Concupaip, ocup .Tl. Concenamn true 
J CaiT>5, Ri .Tl. nT)iapma7>a. CCilill .Tl. Niallam, -DO 
UiB pacpach CCi-one, canaipe CCbba-o Cluana muc Moip, 
ocup comapba Cponan "Guam a gpeme, ec TTlic "Duach, 
rfuieuic. 1pell dapain T>O cennac ap T>ilpe T>O Copmac 
mac Cumn na mbocht; 6 .tl. plainen, ocup o "Oomnall 
mac "ptamn .Tl. TTIaoilfeclam, o Hi TniT)e. 

]ct. 6naip. "Oomnall mac plain n .Tl. TTlaoilfeclainn, 
Hi "Cemyiach, T)O mafibaT) "opejiaib TTli'De .1. r>o un^mb. 
Cat: p-onaca jie 'Corn's mac Tluai*o|ii, ocuf |ie 8il TDui|ie- 
7>hai5, ap, .Tl. pplaichbefirai^, ocuf -pc-fi Coficum|iua'D, 
ocuf po|i ia|\caifi Connachr;, ^uyi cuiyie'D a nap. T)onn- 
chaT mac TTlaoilcoltum, Ri CClban, TDO mayibaT) a 
TTli'De T)O fiomn eiT)i|i "Oonncha'5 ocup Concupap. 
na nm^en .Tl. Cob^hail, Hi Umaill, aipcmnec CCchaiT> 
pabaip, -DO mapbaT* 6 pepaib Cepa. RuaiT>pi .Tl. *0on- 
n ogam fti CCpaT), mopi^up. 1map .Tl. ^ille UllTdm, 
raoipec tnumnpe TTIaoilpionna, T>O mapbaT) 6 -pepaib 
TTli'De. Cluam muc "Moip T)ap5ain T>O "Dealbna. 

]ct. Gnaip. 'Cairlec .Tl. 6^pa, Ri Luigne, occipup epr. 
"Domnall .Tl. TTluipigen, Ri "Ceabca, ec CCmtaiB mac 
Conme-oa, TK> mapbaT) 1 -p^l a ngemil 1 TTItimain. 
Cluam muc Woip ^apgam T>O ConmaicmB, gup -DUna-o 
oopup an rempail T>O clochaiB. Olia-Dam na repca an 
bboDam [pi], cona -puil aipim ap ap mapp 'oo 7>aomiB. 
Ingpem mop o -opoc -oaoini^ pop Cluam [muc Noip] 
m hoc anno, gup papaige^ an scaqung uile achr: bee, 

1 Ua Conchobhair. See note s , p. 

2 IsellrCiarain; i.e. "Ciaran's low 
land ;" the name of a church at Clon- 
macnois. This entry is written in 
the lower margin of A., page 96, 
with a mark of reference pointing out 
its proper place in the text. The 
writer adds "T>p. acorn comti otic," 
"D[nald] F[irbisigh] is my name." 

1 Kai of January. The correct 

date, 1094, has been added in the 
margin by O'F. 

4 Airchinnech ; i.e. Herenach. The 
Four Mast. (1094)inake the Airchin- 
nech of Achadh-fabhair a different 
person from the King of Uinhall, who 
is represented by them as having died 
a natural death. 

6 Kal. of January. See note *, p. 
289. The correct date is 1095, M 
O'F. has pointed out in the marg. 



King, i.e. Gilla-na-naemh Ua Coiichobhair, 1 and Ua Oon- 
cennain, the son of Tadhg, King of Ui-Diarmada. Ailill 
Ua Niallain, of the Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, tanist- Abbot of 
Cluain-muc-Nois, and comarb of Cronan of Tuaim-greine, 
and of Mac Duach, quievit. Isell-Ciarain 2 was purchased 
in perpetuity by Cormac, son of Conn-na-mbocht, from 
Ua Flaithnen, and from Domhnall, son of Flann Ua 
Maeilsechlain, King of Midhe. 

Kal. of January. 3 Domhnall, son of Flann Ua Maeil- 
sechlainn, King of Temhair, was slain by the men of Midhe, 
i.e. by the Luighne. The battle of Fidhnacha was gained 
by Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri, and by the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
over Ua Flaithbheartaigh, and over the Corcumruaidh, 
and over the men of the West of Connacht, and they 
were put to slaughter. Donnchadh, son of Maelcoluim, 
King of Alba, was killed by his own people. Midhe was 
divided between Donnchadh and Conchobhar. Gilla-na- 
ninghen Ua Cobhthaigh, King of Umhall, Airchinnech 4 of 
Achadh-fabhair, was killed by the men of Cera. Ruaidhri 
Ua Donnagain, King of Aradh, moritur. Imhar Ua 
Gilla-Ultain, chief of Muinter-Maeilsinna, was slain by 
the men of Midhe. Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered by 
the Dealbhna. 

Kal. of January. 5 Taithlech Ua Eghra, King of 
Luighne, occisus est. Domhnall Ua Muirigen, King of 
Teabhtha, and Amhlaibh Mac Conmedha, were treacher- 
ously slain, in fetters, in Mumhain. Cluain-muc-Nois 
was plundered by the Conmaicne, when the door of the 
church was closed with stones. [This] year was the 
year of the heat, so that there is no reqkoning the 
number of people whom it killed. Great persecution from 
evil men against Cluain-[muc-Nois] this year, so that 
nearly the entire city 6 was laid waste ; et nee potuerunt 

The .... city, cm gcocfi., for 
cm gccnSjxai 5, A. B. Some hand has 
added the word "civitas," as a gloss, 

over the abbrev. Monastic establish- 
ments are not rarely called "civiUtes" 
in Irish chronicles. 





304 cnoNicurn scoTxmum. 

ec nee pocuepunc mubepep liabicape peoppum, pet* 
commixcae puepunc cum uipip puip. 

jet. 6naip. btiar>ain na -pete 601 n -pop. CCome an 
btia-oain pi, $up gab egta mop. -pip. Gpenn mT>e, comi) 
i comcnnte ap ap cmnetxap clepi Gpenn -Da Dicop 
.1. cpe-oenup sac mi, ocup cpop^a-D ^ac laoi 50 cenn 
mbbaf)na, ocup atmpana -non coiniT)heT). 'Cu^par; pia 
Gpenn paoipe T>O cealtait5 imf>a pobaraap aiiT>octip. 
TTluipcepicac .11. T)upT)a, Hi .n. nCCmal^ai'D, ocup .M. 
ppiacpac, a ptnp occipup epc. Jl. plairnen, comapba 
Ciapdin, t)o T>ot 1 naibcpe. 

]ct. Cnaip. Txrocc mac Utiai-opi .N. Concupaip, Ri 
Connacbr, -DO mapbaT) a pin p. ptai^beprac T>O Tot 1 
nar:upf>a 50 hCCott .h. Concupaip, ocup pige il TTlinpe- 
ohai DO. tTlaotbpi5T>6 .H. Opolcan, Gppcop Cilte 
oapa, quieuii:. CLoi^ec tllaimpcpec T>O lopcca^ ^up 
an pcpipruip ann. bba-oain na en 6. 

]ct. Gnaip. ptuumtip annup ec pepnbp. "ptcnz:- 
bepcac .h. "plaibepT:ai T>O mapbaf* DO Sit 1TluipeDhai 
a nDi^ait Dattra RuaiDpi. TTliDe DpapuccaD eit>ip 
"DonnchaD .h. TTlaoitpectainn ec Concupap .Tl. TDaoit- 
pectamn. "Domnatt .1). Hem, apD Oppcop pep TTluman, 
m .txxui. anno ae^anp puae, quieuir. Snec^a mop m 
hoc anno. 

]ct. Gnaip. Carpaome-D pe niaprap "Ceabra pop 
aipr:ep 'Ceabixr, DU aixopchaip TTluipcepcac .n. hCCipt;, 
Ri T3eabT:a, ocup .H. tachcnonn. "Oeppop^aitt, mgen 
"CaiDs-h. 'gittepaDpais, marxxip TTIuipcepcai5 .h. bpiaui, 
moprua epr. 

]ct. Gnaip. ^itta na naom .h. heiDin, Ri Sit TTluipe- 

1 Great fear. The nature and 
causes of this fear are explained in 
O'Curry's Lectures on the MS. Mate- 
rials of Irish History, p. 404. The 
correct year, 1096, has been prefixed 

is the correct date, as O'F. has noted 
in the margin. 

8 The year of the nuts ; i.e. in which 
there was a great profusion of nuts. 

by O'F. This entry is added in the marg., in 

Aedh. CCoi, B. The year 1097 the orig. hand. 



mulieres habitare seorsum, sed commixtse fuerunt cum 
viris suis. 

Kal. of January. This year was the year of the festival 
of John on Friday, and great fear 1 seized the men of Erinn 
on account thereof; and the resolution arrived at by the 
clergy of Erinn to banish it was, to order an abstinence 
of three days each month, and a fast each day, to the 
end of a year, and almsgiving to the Lord. The Kings 
of Erinn gave freedom to many churches which were in 
difficulty. Muircertach Ua Dubhda, King of Ui-Ainhal- 
ghadha and Ui-Fiachrach, was slain by his own people. 
Ua Flaithnen, comarb of Ciaran, went on a pilgrimage. 

Kal. of January. Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Ua Con- 
chobhair, King of Connacht, was slain by his own people. 
Flaithbheartach went into his patrimony, to Aedh 2 Ua 
Conchobhair, and the sovereignty 3 of the Sil-Muiredhaigh 
was given to him. Maelbrighde Ua Brolchain, Bishop of 
Cill-dara, quievit. The steeple of Mainistir was burned, 
with the writing in it. The year of the nuts. 3 

Kal. of January. A wet and fertile year. Flaithbher- 
tach UaFlaithbhertaigh was slain by the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
in revenge for the blinding of Ruaidhri. Midhe was laid 
waste both by Donnchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn and Con- 
chobhar Ua Maeilsechlainn. Domhnall Ua Heni, Arch- 
bishop of the men of Mumhain, in the 76th year of his 
age, quievit. Great snow in this year. 

Kal. of January. 4 A victory was gained by the men of 
West Teabhtha over those of East Teabhtha, in which 
Muircertach Ua hAirt, King of Teabhtha, and Ua Lacht- 
iiain, were slain. Derforgaill, daughter of Tadhg Ua 
Gillapadraig, mother of Muircertach Ua Briain, mortua 

Kal. of January. 5 Gilla-na-naemh Ua Heidhin, 6 King 

4 Kal. of January. See note 4 , p. 
289. The correct year is 1099, as 
O'F. has pointed out in the margin. 

* January. The correct date, 11 00, 
has been prefixed by O'F. 

6 Ua Heidhin. See note 5 , p. 300, 
under the year 1088. 








octif Cormachc uile, mofiirufi ; octif a cCluam 
muc Noif fio haTmachr. "DormchaT* .Tl. 6ochaT>a, Hi 
tltiro, T)O cuibfi6T> T>O "Oorrmall mac TThc Loclamn, -DO 
fii dnel 6050111. Ctime-oa .h. iao^acain, ajvo raci^ec 
Sil Ronmn, qmeuic. macfiai .h. plairnen, comafiba 
Cia|iain ocup Ciionain 'Cuama 5|ieine, a n 
quiemc 1 nCCcha^ bo. 

]ct. Gnaifi. 001717)01 -pefi nGiienn um 
.h. mbfiiam 15 Caifil .1. 50 laochmB ocuf deficit; ocuf 
af annfin ru^ TTluificefitxic .11. bfiiam Caifil na fti| 
a mT)baifiT; T>on Coim'ohe'5. SluaileT) peyi nGfienn la 
TTlui|icefir;ac .h. mbfiiain nmcilt 6|ienn .1. 
ocuf 1 cdnel Conaitl, ocuf a nlnif Oo^ham, ocup 
CCilec, T>a|i "Pejimif Camfa 1 ntlllroiB, 

-ba ri|. tna^nuf -DO ciamxin -DO 
Comfiac va. ceirefin 1 cCluam muc 

dm ocuf TYltnnrefi Cmaoi6, ocuf 
ap. TTluiTiT:e|i Cinaoi, ocuf |ia mayibai) ann an 
Pnn mac mic tlaUachtiin, Hi il CCnmchaT>a. Carol 
Ua TTlui|ii5en, Hi 'Ceabra, T>O mafibaT> 6 ai|icefi 'Ceabra. 
T)onncha-D mac CCijVG.n. Ruaific, Ri Conmaicne, 
efc a f uif. 

]ct. Onaiyi -poji Ce-oaoin. T)omnall mac 
h. Ruaific, Hi byiepne ocuf Connachc, occifUf 
TnuinT:i|i Goluif. TTlu^fion .h. TTluyi^aiyi, |?e|i 
CTiyiT) TTlacha, quieuir .1. araifi TTlaoilm 001)015 ocuf 
^illa Cfiiofr;. Si BboTdia T)O T>enum T)0 
M. b|\iain fie Tna^nuf Hi Lochlamne. 

]ct. Onaifi. Cop.mac mac Cuinn no mbocbr, TO 
1TltiT>o|inaiB TTlai^en, comayiba Ciapdm Cluana muc 
quieuir;. Cac IDaise Cobha. 8luaieT> la 1T)ui|i- 


i Ua Flaithnen. .Tl. 
" Ua Flaithen," A. B. ; but the name 
is written Ua Flaithnen at the year 
1092, supra. 

8 Caitel-na-righ ; ie. "Caisel (or 

Cashel) of the Kings." 
1101 is the correct date. 

The year 

8 On Wednesday. The correct year 
is, therefore, 1102, which commenced 



of Sil-Muiredhaigh, and of all Connacht, moritur ; and in 
Cluain-muc-Nois he was buried. Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, 
King of Uladh, was manacled by Domhnall, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, King of Cinel Eoghain. Cumedha Ua Laegh- 
achain, arch-chieftain of Sil-Ronain, quievit. Macraith 
Ua Flaithnen, 1 comarb of Ciaran, and of Cronan of Tuaim- 
grdine, quievit in pilgrimage at Achadh-b6. 

Kal. of January, An assembly of the men of Erinn, 
with Muircertach Ua Briain, at Caisel, i.e. with laics and 
clerics ; and it was then that Muircertach Ua Briain gave 
Caisel-na-righ 2 as an offering to the Lord. A hosting of 
the men of Erinn by Muircertach Ua Briain, round Erinn, 
viz., to Eas-Ruaidh, and into Cinel Conaill, and into Inis 
Eoghain (and he demolished Ailech) ; across Fertas-Camsa, 
into Ulidia, over Sliabh Fuaid, to his home. Magnus 
came to invade Erinn. An encounter between two bands 
at Cluain-muc-Nois, viz., Muinter-Tadhgain and Muinter- 
Cinaeith, and Muinter-Cinaeith were defeated, and the 
Gilla Finn, son of Mac Uallachain, King of Sil-Amn- 
chadha, was slain therein. Cathal Ua Muirige'n, King of 
Teabhtha, was killed by the people of East Teabhtha. 
Donnchadh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, King of Conmaicne, 
was slain by his own people. 

Kal. of January on Wednesday. 3 Domhnall, son of 
Tighernan Ua Ruairc, King of Breifhe and Connacht, was 
slain by Muinter-Eolais. Mughron Ua Morgair, lector of 
Ard-Macha, quievit ; i.e. the father of Maelmaedhoig 4 and 
Gillachrist. A year's peace was made by Muircertach 
Ua Briain with Magnus, King of Lochlann. 

Kal. of January. Cormac Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, of 
the Mughdhorna-Maighen, comarb of Ciaran of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, quievit. The battle of Magh-Cobha. A hosting 





on a Wednesday, the Dominical letter 
being E. 
* Maelmaedhoig; t-e.Malachy, Arch- 

bishop of Armagh, the friend and 
correspondent of St. Bernard of 






cepcac .tl. mbpiam 50 le 171 o|a uile, ocup 50 Con- 
nachroiB, ocup 50 -pepoib TT1iTe, 50 pdncurcap CCfvo 
TTlaca, ocup 50 pabarap caoi^ciTHf a lon^popc ann ; 
con-oeacurrap apiT>e 50 TTla Coba, $up pomnpic annpm, 
ocup 5011 T>eachaiT> TT)uipcepcac.ll. bpiain ec'DonncliaT) 
.tl. TTlaoilpechlainn, Hi TTli-oe, ocup ^OomnaU mac 
RticnT>fii, Hi Connacht:, ap c[ieacboi15 1 n"0dl 
5U|i ma|ibfaT:*OalCC|iaiT>e 1 T)onncba'D mac 
.h. bfiiam, ocuf pecca remain .tl. beolldm, er 
ia|ifin Ri duel Go^am .1. "Oomnall mac TTlic Loclamn, 
an locbca fio -pa^bat; a 111 ai Coba, ccrc 
ocuf efimop pe^i TTluman, ocuf afiaitt 
1T)iT)e, ocuf T)O Connachroib, ^u^ -pefifar: ca^ 
5U|i |iaoineT> -pofi Lai^mp, ocuf -po|i Of^aipb. 1ce 
ann)X) fii^a ocuf raoifecha T>O poc|iaTT;afi 17-111 cac .1. 
Tninficeficac mac ^ 1 ^ e TTlocolmo^;, Ri Lai^en, ocuf 7>a 
mac .h. .1. fnuficba-o Ri .1l- TTltiiiae > Dbai, ocuf 
a bfiacaiyi, TTIac lapainn .h. pacfiac, pi .M. nGneclaif, 
oa mac TTlaoitmofiT>a .tl. "Oomnaill, ocuf a bparaip, 
^illa pa-opai^ Rua-o, Ri Oppaise. TTIccsnuf Ri toc- 
lamne ocuf na nmnfiB, -pep po cpmll popbaipi -p ! 1 
Opinn tule, T>O mapba-o ap cpec T>t1Uxoit5. CCmal^ai'5 
mac mic CCoixx. mic RuaiT>pi T>O mapbaTt 7>a araip, ocup 
T>a marhaip, ocup T>a bpaehaip anT>iO5ail a iroalea .1. 
Conctipap mac RuaiT>pi .n. Concupaip, po mapb pum. 
ben DO bpei T>a lenam a naompeachn ipin blia-oam, 
ocup aon copp aca oa a mbpumne ^upptn^e a mmlinn, 
ocup a mbaitl uile 50 coip ^enmoea pin, ocup aiai-6 
caic T)ioB ppi apoile, ocup T>a m^en iaT). 

]ct. ^illa Cpipc .tl. ecagepn, Gppcop Ctuana muc 
, quieuic. CuulaD .tl. Caninelbain "oepgup i 

1 Pettademain Ua Beollain; i.e. 
" the Demon's-pet, Ua Beollain." 
For " Ua Beollain," the Four Mast., 
Ann. I'll., and Ann. Inisfal. read 
" Ua Beoain." 

8 Attack, pbaip., for 
A. bai, B. 

But one body. The orig. hand 
has written the word m^ncro, " 
wonder," in the marg. 

4 Kal. The correct year is 1104, 
as OT. has noted in the margin. 


by Muircertach Ua Briain, with all Leth-Mogha, and A.D. 
with the Connachtmen, and the men of Midhe, until they [{099.1 
reached Ard-Macha; and they remained a fortnight in 
camp there ; and they proceeded from thence to Magh- 
Cobha, where they separated ; and Muircertach Ua Briain, 
and Donnchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, King of Midhe, and 
Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri, King of Connacht, went on 
preying expeditions into Dal-Araidhe, and the Dal- 
Araidhe killed Donnchadh, son of Toirdhealbhach Ua 
Briain, and Pettademain Ua Beollain. 1 And the King of 
Cinel Eoghain, i.e. Domhnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, came 
afterwards to attack the band that was left at Magh- 
Cobha viz., the battalion of Laighen, and the majority 
of the men of Mumhain, and some of the men of Midhe 
and of the Connachtmen when they fought a battle there, 
and the Lagenians and Osraighe were defeated. These 
are the Kings and chieftains who were slain in the battle, 
viz., Muircertach Mac Gillamocholmog, King of Laighen ; 
and the two sons of Ua Lorcain, i.e. Murchadh, King of 
Ui-Muiredhaigh, and his brother ; Mac larainn Ua 
Fiachrach, King of Ui-Enechlais ; the two sons of Mael- 
mordha Ua Domhnaill, and his brother ; and Gillapadraig 
Ruadh, King of Osraighe. Magnus, King of Lochlann 
and the Islands, and a man who attempted an attack 2 
against all Erinn, was slain, on a predatory incursion, by 
the Ultonians. Amhalghaidh, grandson of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri, was killed by his father, mother, and brother, 
in revenge for their foster-son, viz., Conchobhar, son of 
Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, whom he had slain. A woman 
brought forth two children together, in this year, and they 
had but one body 3 from the breast to the navel, and all 
their members were perfect with that exception ; and the 
face of each was towards the other, and they were two 

Kal. 4 Gillachrist Ua Echtighern, Bishop of Cluain-muc- [noo.] 
Nois, quievit. Cu-uladh Ua Cainnelbhain was thrown 



bade, ocup a hec agcarai^. iacpa .Tl. plamn, 
8it TTIaoilpuanaiT), occipup 6 Con men en ib. 

]ct. Concupap mac TDail-pectainn .1. mic Concupaip, 
Hi tece fYli-oe, T>O mapba-b 6 aib bpmm bpepne. 
TYltnpsiup .tl. Concennain, Hi .tl. nT)iapmar>a, mopirup. 
"Oomnatl mac CCmalsa-oa, comapba paT>pai;, quieuic. 

]ct. "Oonnchat) mac TTlupchaT>a, mic [pjlamn .tl. 
TTlaoilpeclainn, Ui TTliT)e, -DO ma|ibaT> 7)11 TTlmmcen. 
Coyimac .H. Citlmn, a^-o feacnab Sil TTlui|ieT)hai5, 
ai|icmnech n^e aige-o Cluana muc Noif 
pace. "Oomnall mac RuaiT)|ii .tl. Concupaifi 
T>o Connachcoib, ocuf 'Cai|iT)ealbach na niaT>. 1c CCr 
an refimainn fio 111501) Tain/oelbach .h. Concupaiyi. 
c .n. TTIaoilfeclamn "Dair^isaT), ocuf |nge 
7)0 TDufichai). 

]ct. Concupap. Cifenac .tl. Gocha-oa, Hi UtaT, 7>o 
manbaT). TYlai7)m CCca cla^an |ie nCCifiren. "Ceabca, 7)6 
mn |\o manbaT> dnao mac mic CCmalsaiia, caoifec 
Catfiai^e. 8am um na gaoire. 5 a( rc mo|i ocuf rene 
gealdin 1 nGyimn ifin bLia7)ain p, gup. mapb a\i 7)aoimt5 
ocuf mmle. 

]ct. 6nain "Oomnatl mac *OonnchaT)a .If. 
Hi .tl. mbniuin Opepne, 7)0 mappaT) o Caipbpe. 

.tl. Oocha-oa, Ri tHa-5, occipup e^ 6 .tl. 
Samca Ciapain pop TTltnpceptac 

1 Died of the injury, a 1i 
A. B. ; apparently for " a 6c a gca- 
caig." The last word is probably 
the abl. form of corctc, which means 
"damage," "injury," or "trespass." 
The Ann. Ult. state that Cu-uladh 
Ua Cainnelbhain ("the Dog-of-Ul- 
ster O'Quinlan") " died of the fall ;" 
and the Ann. Four Mast, add that he 
died "before the end of a month." 
O'F. has written a marginal note, 
now nearly destroyed, but evidently 
quoting the following entry from the 

Four Mast. (1104) : " lec-plinn 
00111111000 Ctucmct muc Nciy -00 
pofib<r6 tec plaitbeficac U a Loing- 
pj lap, na cmirpcecal, ta Co|ib- 
mac mac Cuinn na mbochc;" f.. 
" the shingling of one-half the Stone- 
church of Cluain-muc-Nois was 
completed by Flaithbhertach Ua 
Loingsigh, after the work had been 
commenced by Cormac Mac Cuinn- 

Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
1105, which is the correct date. 



Quievit. q., A. -065, " died," B. 

< Kal. O'F. has added the real 
date, 1 106, in the margin. 

6 Kal. The correct year is 1107, 
as has been noted in the margin by 

8 Ath-Clagan ; i.e. " Clagan's ford." 
The Four Mast. (1107) call it " Ath- 

Calgan." It was the name of a ford 
somewhere in the co. of Longford, 
probably on the river Inny. 

i Lightning. 'Cene gelain. See 
note , p. 270. 

8 A multitude. CCfl ; lit. " a, 


from, his horse at Tragh-bhaile, and died of the injury. 1 A.D. 
Fiachra Ua Flainn, chief of Sil-Maeilruanaidh, was slain 
by the Conmaicne. 

Kal. 2 Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, i.e. son of 
Conchobhar, King of the Half of Midhe, was slain by the 
Ui-Briuin-Breifne. Muirghius Ua Concennain, King of 
Ui-Diarmada, moritur. Domhnall, son of Amhalghaidh, 
comavb of Patrick, quievit. 3 

Kal. 4 Donnchadh, son of Murchadh, son of [F]lann Ua [1102.] 
Maeilsechlainn, King of Midhe, was killed by Ua Minnigen. 
Cormac Ua Cillin, chief vice-Abbot of the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
and Airchinnech of the guests' house of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, quievit in pace. Domhnall, son of Kuaidhri Ua 
Conchobhair, was dethroned by the Connachtmen, and 
Toirdhealbhach was elected in his place. Toirdhealbhach 
Ua Conchobhair was inaugurated at Ath-an-termainn. 
Muircertach Ua Maeilsechlainn was dethroned, and the 
sovereignty of Midhe was given to Murchadh. 

Kal. 5 Conchobhar Cisenach Ua Eochadha, King of 
Uladh, was killed. The victory of Ath-Clagan 6 was 
gained by the 'men of East Teabhtha, where Cinaeth, son 
of Mac Amhalghadha, chief of Calraighe, was slain. The 
Allhallowtide of the wind. Great wind and lightning 7 in 
Erinn in this year, which killed a multitude 8 of people 
and of cattle. 

KaL of January. Domhnall, son of Donnchadh Ua 
Ruairc, King of Ui-Briuin-Breifne, was killed by the 
men of Cairbre. Goll Garbhraighe Ua Eochadha, King 
of Uladh, was slain by Ua Mathghamhna. The fasting 



.Tl. TTlaoilfectainn, 15 cump'o paoir/e Cille moiyie 
emn., peT> mox tnn7>icauic "Oeuf .1. rape YTluin- 
i?; po 67111111 ocup an^ain TMi'oe. 

JGt Caifc VTI r p P r fat- ITlai, ocuf mmcaifc 1 
famfia-5. picnrbeficac .Tl. loinp, comapba Ciajiam, 

]ct. Sitla Column .Tl. TnaoilmbuaiT), Ri vP 6 ! 1 cCeall, 
ocuf a ben, T>O mayiba-b .1. mgen .tl. bp.ic, -oon ^eocuc 
.h. CCillem. TnaiT)ni na Raff T ie 'CoifiDealbac mac 
RuaiT)f.i, f,e fii<5 Connacbr, ocuf fe 8it TTIiiipe'obai^, -pop. 
ConmaicmB, 1 TTlai^ CCi, ^uyi mayibaf) d|i Conmaicne 
ann urn mac Concaille .h. "Peyi^ail, ocuf um mac ^illa 
na naom .h. per^gail, ocuf um *Oua|i.cdn mac T)uipT)af,a 
.Tl. Goluif, ocuf focbaiT>e aile. 

]ct. -pop. "Oomnacb. CCoT> mac "Domnaill .tl. Ruaific 
.1. an ^ilta fi^on maot, -DO coinnme-o egne a cCluam 
muc "Moif. SnecToa na nen. Sice moyi 50 rrei^Dif na 
SpaiTie cofaiB cipmai^ locba ejienn. Cacal .h. TOu^- 
|i6in, caoifec Clamne Carait, moyiirun.. Cluam muc 
Noifoapsain DO T)dl cCaif, rjie comaifle TTlui|icef.rai 
.Tl. bfiam. SenaT) mofi 1 piaT) mic nCConpipa .1. |H 
T>at -pep. nGfienn enp laocboiB ocuf ctepcbait) .1. um 
tnuipcen-^ac .Tl. mbpiam, Ri TTluman, 50 maifi15 
TTluman, ocuf maolrnuiyie .Tl. "Ounam, apT) eppuj; 
Openn, ocuf Ceatlac mac CCoT>a, comapba pa^yiai^. 
CCf 1 fo rpa nuimi|i aopa 5f.aiT baoi ifm T>ait fin .1. 

1 Reputation of Muircertach. 
1Tlui]Xcefir;ai. The word 
(tasc) signifies fame, reputation, or 
character. The meaning seems to 
be that Muircertach's character was 
brought into ill repute throughout 
Erinn, owing to the fasting against 
(poyx, lit. "on") him of Ciaran's 
congregation. Dr. O'Conor (.l/t. 
Buelliani, ad an. 1114) translates 
cccjpc "aegritudo," but incorrectly. 
The year 1108 is the correct date of 

these entries, as O'F. has noted in the 

2 Little Easter in summer; i.e. Low 
Sunday in summer. The criteria here 
given point to the year 1109, in which 
Easter Sunday coincided with the 7th 
of the Kalends of May, or 25th of 
April, the 2nd of May being conse- 
quently Low Sunday. O'F. has 
added a note on the subject, which is 
now nearly destroyed. 

* The Geocach. The word geocach 



(geocach) means a glutton, and also 
a strolling player, and beggar. It is 
sometimes used as a proper name. 

4 On Sunday. This indicates the 
year 1111, in which the Kalends, or 
1st, of January fell on a Sunday. 

6 Gilla-srnn-mael ; i.e. 
nosed gilla (or fellow)." 

'the flat- 

8 The snow of the birds. So called 
from the excessive destruction of birds 
caused by it. 

of the congregation of Ciaran, against Muircertach Ua A.D. 
Maeilseehlainn,demanding the freedom of Cill-mor-Muighe- 
Enir, sed mox vindicavit Deus, viz., by the reputation 1 of 
Muircertach throughout Erinn, and the plundering of 

Kal. Easter on the seventh of the Kalends of May, [1105.] 
and Little Easter in summer. 2 Flaithbhertach Ua 
Loingsigh, comarb of Ciaran, quievit. 

Kal. Gillacoluim Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara- [1106.] 
Ceall, and his wife, i.e. the daughter of Ua Brie, were 
slain by the Geocach 3 Ua Aillein. The victory of the 
Ross was gained by Toirdhealbhach, son of Ruaidhri, 
King of Connacht, and by the Sil-Muiredhaigh, over the 
Conmaicne, in Magh-Ai, where a multitude of the Con- 
maicne were slain, together with the son of Cucaille Ua 
Ferghail, and the son of Gilla-na-naemh Ua Ferghail, and 
Duarcan, son of Dubhdara Ua Eolais, and a great many 

Kal. of January on Sunday. 4 Aedh, son of Domhnall Ua [1107.] 
Ruairc, i.e. the Gilla-sron-mael, 5 billeted himself forcibly 
at Cluain-muc-Nois. The snow of the birds. 6 Great frost, 
so that the droves passed dry-footed over the lakes of Erinn. 
Cathal Ua Mughr6in, chief of Clann-Cathail, moritur. 
Cluain-muc-Nois was plundered by Dal-Cais, through the 
counsel of Muircertach Ua Briain. A great synod at 
Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa, viz., a royal convention of the men 
of Erinn, both laics and clerics, i.e. including Muircertach 
Ua Briain, King of Mumhain, with the nobles of Mumhain, 
and Maelmuire Ua Dunain, chief Bishop of Erinn, and 
Ceallach, son of Aedh, comarb of Patrick. This is the 
number, indeed, of the men in orders who were in that 



c. [uin] eppcop cao^aD, peachr; pa^apT; T>ecc ap rpi 
[ceT>ait5], ocup .uin. picic T)eocain, ocup 111 puil aipem 
ap imaT> a clepchaib cena. Ro cm next t;pa piagla 
imfta ipin penati pm. Sena-D mop, tlifm^ ipm bba-oam 
ce-ona, (ocup ipm Senaft pin -DO pomne-o paipce ceall 
"Pep. nfli-De ctfi T>6 ecip, Opfcop Cluana muc Moif ocup 
epfcop Cluana 1fiai|ro .1. o Clocan an'oimfiini fiafi 
-oGpfcop Cluana muc Moif, ocup ora an Clocan ceT>na 
pain. T>6ppcop Cluana Ipaip-T)), la fnupcha-o .Tl. TTlaoil- 
peclainn, ocup la eochaiT* .h. Ceallai^, ocup la pama-o 
Ciapdm, um ^illa Cpipc .tl. TTIaoileom .1. CCb Cluana 
[muc Moip]. Cpeac la Tx)ippT>ealbac .tl. Concupaip, 
gup aip5 "Cepmann *Oabeoc. Cpeac ele lep gup aipg 
go bmn Bclappa, ocup 50 bab Rupen, ocup 50 Loc 

]cb 'gilla muipe .M. pogapcai^, comapba bpenumn 
Cluana pepra, -ohec -oep^up iap papucca'o Ciapdm rpe 
lopga-D an 'Cpe'ooil. 

]ct. Op'oam Ciapam T>O cunroac enp plmne ocup 
benncobap. ^aBail TTHipchaT>a .h. TTIaoilpechlamn la 
THuipcepcac' .h. bpiam. bo ap mop. .Tl. Lon^an, 
aipcmnech CCp-oa pa-opai^, T>O lopcca-o 6 nne-o paignen 
ap Cpuaic paDpaicc. Comanoepachr; etnp TTIuipceprac 

1 Eight. The number is incomplete 
in A., the scribe having apparently 
been unable to decipher his original. 
Some later hand has added the cha- 
racters um. in the place left blank. 

2 Bishops, coip., A. B., which is 

8 Hundred. Omitted in A. and B. 
Supplied from Four Masters. 

* Synod of Uisnech. This is the 
only Irish chronicle which gives an 
account of the proceedings of the 
synod of Uisnech. The Annals of 
Boyle, at the year 1114 (O'Conor's 
ed.), mention " the synod of Uisnech 

by the clerics of Erinn," in a note to 
which entry Dr. O'Conor refers to the 
Ann. Ult, at the year 1111, and the 
Ann. of Inisfallen, at the year 1094= 
1111. But the synod referred to in 
these authorities is that of Fiadh- 
mic-Aenghusa. Colgan states that 
the synod of Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa 
was called "the synod of Uisnech" 
in a marginal note in the copy of the 
Ann. Four Masters which he used. 
(Trias Tkaumat., p. 300). Fiadh- 
mic-Aenghusa, " the land of the son 
of Aengus," is stated in the Annals of 
Loch C^ (1111) to have been situated 



convention, viz., fifty-eight 1 bishops, 2 three [hundred] 8 
and seventeen priests, and eight score deacons ; and there 
is no counting the multitude of their clerics besides. 
Numerous regulations were determined, truly, in that 
synod. The great synod of Uisnech 4 was lield in the 
same year, (and it was in this synod the diocese of 
Feara-Midhe was divided into two parts, between the 
Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois and the Bishop of Cluain- 
Iraird, viz., from Clochan-an-imrim westwards, to the 
Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, and from the same Clochan 
eastwards to the Bishop of Cluain-Iraird), by Murchadh 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, and by Eochaidh Ua Ceallaigh, and 
by the congregation of Ciaran, with Gillachrist Ua 
Maeileoin, 5 i.e. Abbot of Cluain[-muc-Nois]. A predatory 
expedition by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, and he 
plundered Terman-Dabheoc. Another predatory expe- 
dition by him, and he plundered to Benn-Echlabhra, and 
to Sliabh-Rusen, and to Loch Erne. 

Kal. 6 Gillamuire Ua Fogartaigh, comarb of Brenainn 
of Cluain-ferta died of a fall from his horse, after pro- 
faning Ciaran by burning the Tredoil. 7 

KaL The Erdamh 8 of Ciaran was covered, both with 
shingles and benncobhar. 9 Capture of Murchadh Ua 
Maeilsechlainn by Muircertach Ua Briain. A great cow 
mortality. Ua Longain, Airchinnech of Ard-Patrick, was 
burned by lightning on Cruach-Padraig. A compact 

near Uisnech (Usney hill, in West- 
meath), and the synods held in both 
places might, therefore, easily have 
been confounded. See Cambrensis 
Eversus., ed. for Celt. Soc. by Rev. 
Matthew Kelly, vol. ii., p. 53. 

6 Gillachrist Ua Maeileoin. The 
reputed compiler of the present Chro- 
nicle. See Introduction. 

Kal The correct date is 1112. 

' Tredoil. This was probably a 
house for cattle ; i.e. cjie-ojxnl, from 



"a herd or flock," and -pott, 
" a stable or stye," as mucpoiL (pron. 
mucoil), which is glossed " hara" (pig- 
stye) in a very ancient MS. quoted 
by Zeuss, Gram. Celt., vol. i., p. 198. 

8 Erdamh. See note , p. 133. 

9 Benncobhar. Lit. " the shield of 
the summit." O'Donovan (Suppl. 
to O'Reilly's Irish Dictionary, voce 
beccnncobaii,), explains it as "the 
conical cap of a round tower." 




.Tl. mbpiam ec mac TDic Lochlamn. bpa-oan po ^ 
15 tuimnec m hoc anno T>a cpaipT) Tjeg ma pot), 
T)opn .x. na lereD 5011 a psolraT), ocup cpi -D 
ocup *oa mep a ppat> a erpe bpaigeT). 

}ct. TYlop salop 'oo gabail TTUnpceprais .Tl. bpiam, 
511 [i inipaiT>fioc pp 6-penn aip. Ho gat) ThapmaiT) .Tl. 
bpiain 11150 THunihan layifin. Uo gaB 'Cain/oeatbac 
fii^e Connachi:, ocuf yio m'oafib a bfiaraip. im TTlumain, 
ocup ConmaicneT)o TT)ai5 CCoi. TPop. ftuai^e'b la Leic 
Cumn uile fin THumain, T)onnchaT mac TTTlic Loclainn, 
ocuf a mac, ocuf Conatl ocuf Gogan, ocuf CCiiapalta ; 
.!! marsamna co nllllroiB, ocuf .Tl. TDaoilfectamn 
50 ppe|iai6 TTli-oe, er; CCoTt .1l. Ruai|ic 50 ppe^-aib 
bfiepne, er; 'Caip.'oeatbac .H. Concupaip. 50 gConnachroib. 
"Oeabai'O mafic flua^ 05 na belauaib e-oip. Connachi:oiC 
ocuf TTluimnechoiB, ubi mutn occifi fume, urn Carhal 
.h. nTDuiBcmn. T)o bep., t)[an] "Gaijvoealbac .tl. Con- 
cupaip. caipTe T>pepaib TTluman rap papuccat* t 
Cumn -ppi pe mbliaT)na. Cpeac la TTlupcha'D 
TTlaoilpeclainn 50 pleb^B Laigen. Cpec la 
T>ealbac .11. Concupaip a maprap THi-De, ^up aipg uile. 
TDonncha-D .Tl. Oocha-oa, Hi Ula'5 T>O 'oalUro T>O .Tl. 
TTla^amna, ocup pie T>O .Tl. TTlat^amna. 

]ct. necT>a pguabach po mop, ocup piocc, 50 in:eccT)ip 
na himepcame copa [1 B]r;ipmai t> rap ppim lochaiB 6penn, 

i Kal. O'Flaherty has prefixed the 
year 1114, which is the true date. 

8 Conall; i.e. the Cinel Conaill, for 
whom is here put the name of their 
ancestor, Conall, son of Niall of the 
Nine Hostages. 

s Eoghan. The Cinel Eoghain are 
here referred to. See note 2 , p. 244. 

4 The Belata. This name would 
signify "the cross roads," or "the 
passes." The word betxic (plur. 
betoccc, dat. plur. beloccnb) is 
glossed "compitum" in the Codex 

Prisciani of St. Gall, quoted by 
Zeuss, Gram. Celt., vol. L, p. 22; 
but in the Book ofLeinster, a twelfth 
cent. MS. in the Library of Trin. 
ColL, Dublin (Class H. 2, 18, fol. 
80. a), it is put for bealacli (beal- 
aeh), a road, way, or pass. See infra, 
ad an. 1129. 

8 To the violation. 'Cctfi pafiuc- 
ccco. The meaning is that Toirdheal- 
bhach, or Turlough, granted a year's 
respite to the men of Mumhain, 
against the wishes of the men of 



between Muircertach Ua Briain and the son of MacLoch- 
lainn. A salmon was caught at Luimnech this year, 
which was twelve feet in length ; twelve hands in breadth, 
without being split open ; and the length of its neck fin 
was three hands and two fingers. 

Kal. 1 A great disease seized Muircertach Ua Briain, 
so that the men of Erirm turned against him. Diarmaid 
Ua Briain afterwards took possession of the sovereignty 
of Mumhain. Toirdhealbhach took possession of the 
sovereignty of Connacht, and expelled his brother into 
Mumhain, and the Conniaicne from Magh-Ai. A great 
hosting by all Leth-Chuinn into Mumhain, viz., Donn- 
chadh, son of Mac Lochlainn, and his son ; and Conall, 2 and 
Eoghan, 3 and the Airghialla; Ua Mathghainhna, with 
the Ultonians ; and Ua Maeilsechlainn, with the men of 
Midhe ; and Aedh Ua Ruairc, with the men of Breifne ; 
and Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, with the Connacht- 
men. A cavalry fight took place at the Belata, 4 between 
the Connachtmen and the men of Mumhain, where many 
were slain together with Cathal Ua Duibhcinn. Toird- 
healbhach Ua Conchobhair, however, granted a respite to 
the men of Mumhain, to the violation 5 of Leth-Chuinn, 
during the space of a year. A preying expedition by 
Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, as far as the hills of 
Laighen. 6 A preying expedition by Toirdhealbhach Ua 
Conchobhair into the West of Midhe, all of which he 
plundered. Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, King of Uladh, 
was blinded by Ua Mathghainhna, and the sovereignty 
was given to Ua Mathghamhna. 

Kal. 7 Very great " sweeping" snow, and frost, so that 
the droves of cattle were wont to pass dry-footed over the 




Leth-Chuinn, or the northern half of 

6 As far as the hills of Laighen. 
o f lebcib Longer! . The hills re- 
ferred to are most likely the hills 

near Sleibce, now Sletty, or Slatey, 
in the Queen's county. 

7 Kal The correct year, 1115, 
has been prefixed by O'F. 



mapp ap mmle ocup en, ocup 7>aoine. Thapmanj 
.tl. bpiain, Ri ITiuman, -DO ^abml -DO TTluipceprac .h. 
bpiain, ocup -DO ^alloiB luinrni, ocup pi|e T>O 1Tluip- 
ceprac. Txnp-oealbac .tl. Concupaip, Ri Connache, TJO 
los 50 mop. 7>a mumeep pem, 50 paib a ccpob^e bdip, 
&c eepna -pa 7)6015. CCplair, m^en .h. TTIaoilpeclamn, 
ben 'Coip-nealbms .h. Concupmp, mopirup. 
la 'CaipDeatbac .h. Concupcnp pop mainn, ^up 
"Domnatl mac ConpleBe .h. pep^ail, ocup 50 
TTlupchaTi .h. TTlaoilpectainn na cec, ocup gup 
meT lep bumne ocup beire, ocup ^up Tobaip rpi 
peoTta T)O Ciapdn 1 cCluam .1. copn 50 nop, ocup bletie 
ap^aiT) co nop, ec mutloc uma co nop ocup co nap^ut;. 
Car CC^a cbac pop Lai^nnB, pe "Domnall mac TTluip- 
cepr;ai5 .h. bpiam. 17117)6 7>o poinn eiT>ip Ta mac 
"Domnaitl .h. TTlaoitpeclainn [.1. TTlaolpechlainn ocup 
1T)upchaf>]. TTlaolpeclainn T>O T;uiT:im po ceT)6ip la 
Cluam muc Moip TDap^am T>O TYluimnechoiC, 
)iB T>o mapbaf* o. p. c. [Cl]oiT)em 

05 an emum ipm t:almain ; rpaig pip o a clapaS 
con 150 a paopap pop ^ac lee (inn ; -ode epai^n) a lece-o 
anhe^muip a clapai^. 

]ct. TnupaT> bopuma, ocup lopccaT* dnn copat*, ocup 
ap^am "CuaT) THuman la "CaipTjealbach mac Ruai-opi 
.n. Concupaip. ^opra mop ipm epach, 50 pecaD an 
pep a mac ocup a m^en ap biaT>, ocup 50 m^oip na 
oaoine CI-D a chele ann, ocup na coin. papug 
uile ache be^, ocup a pgaoilei) po Gipmn ap gopea. 

ocup T>pem 

1 A multitude. cifl, lit. " a 

8 Buinne and Beiihe. bumne ocup 
beice, A. B. The Four Mast. (1115) 
combine these two names into one, 
" Buidhi-an-bheithe," which means 
" the yellow . [surfaced land] of the 
birch," and was apparently the name 
of an island in the Shannon. 

8 Cluain; i.e. Cluain-muc-Nois, or 

4 Patena. mutt., A. B. The 
name is written niutt6cc by the Four 
Mast. By patena is meant the cover 
of a chalice. 

6 Slain. The letters o. p. c. follow 
in the text, but the Editor is unable 
to determine what words they repre- 

6 On either side. The sword in 
question was, therefore, a two-edged 
sword. This entry, which is written 



principal lakes of Erinn, which killed a multitude 1 of cattle, 
birds, and men. Diarmaid Ua Briain, King of Mumhain, 
was captured by Muircertach Ua Briain, and by the 
Foreigners of Luimnech, and the sovereignty was given 
to Muircertach. Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, King 
of Connacht, was greatly wounded by his own people, so 
that he was in the agonies of death ; but he recovered 
ultimately. Arlaith, daughter of Ua Maeilsechlainn, wife 
of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, inoritur. A fleet by 
Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair on the Sinainn, and he 
plundered Domhnall, son of Cusleibhe Ua Ferghail ; and 
Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn came into his house ; and 
Buinne and Beithe 2 were fortified by him ; and he pre- 
sented three precious things to Ciaran, at Cluain, 3 viz., a 
drinking horn inlaid with gold, a silver cup with gold, and 
a patena 4 of copper with gold and silver. The battle of 
Ath-cliath was gained over the Lagenians by Domhnall, 
son of Muircertach Ua Briain. Midhe was divided between 
the two sons of Domhnall Ua Maeilsechlainn, [viz., 
Maelsechlainn and Murchadh]. Maelsechlainn fell imme- 
diately afterwards by Murchadh. Cluain-mac-Nois was 
plundered by the men of Mumhain, and a number were 

slain 5 A sword was found at the Emhain, 

in the ground, which measured a man's foot from its 
groove to its edge, on either side ; 6 its breadth was two 
feet without including its groove. 

Kal. 7 Demolition of Borumha, and burning of Cenn- 
coradh, and plundering of Tuadh-Mumhain, by Toir- 
dhealbhach, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair. A great 
famine in the spring, so that a man would sell his son, 
and his daughter, for food, and the people would eat 
even each other, and dogs. Laighen was nearly altogether 
depopulated, and they (of that province} were dispersed 
all over Erinn, through hunger. 




in the lower marg. of the MS. A., p. 
232 of the vol., is omitted in B. 

7 Kal. The correct year is 1116, 
as O'F. has noted in the margin. 


CRONictmi scotxmum. 

]ct. poj\ tuan. "OiqammT) mac Gnna mic 
Hi ^all ociif Lai^en, quietus a nCCc cliar. Cfiec 
plum ^e-D la ConnachtoiC ifin 171 urn am, 50 fiancucrap. 
Slmb Cftor, ocuf Cldirie, ocuf Sliab" Cua. "Do IUIT> cat; 
TTlumhan airoea^hai-o Cormachtxt im TYlumhain. 
car erojifia. IThnTnf pop. pefiaib TTIuman, ocuf 
a nd|i, um 11 a Cenne-oi^ er miitTi. Tneyiuuf> 
1Tlujichccf>a .h. TTlaoitfeclainn. TTlaolTntii|ie .M. "Ou- 
Ttdm, a|iT) epfcop e^enn, cerm ecna et; c|iaT)baT> ia|XT-ai]i 
oommn, quietnc 111 C|Ufr;o 1 cClucnn 1yidip.T). 5 e ^ 
.n. TTlaoilfeclainn ta 'Caip.'oealbac .tl. Con- 


]ct. "DiajimaiT: .n. 0|iiain, Hi Leire 1Tloa, 
8ltiaief> la 'Caijvoealbac .tl. Conctipaiji, octif la TTlufi- 
cha-o .H. TTlaoilfeclainn im Tllumhain, 50 fiancurr;a|i 
n ma^aifi, 50 T^u^far ^lalla TDuniaTV leo. Sluai- 
oile -ono leifin luchc ce-ona, ^o mi^far palla 
n leo, ocuf 50 txu^fcnc "Domnall mac Tnu]ichaf)a 
.Tl. TDaoilfeclaiTin leo aji hecm a hCC^ cba. HuaiT)p,i 
.tl. Concupaiyi, my.T> fii Connachr, m clep-iccrcu uiram 
pelicirep. quieuic 1 cCluam muc "Moif. TDomnall mac 
HuaiT)|ii, Hi Sil TTlui|ieT)hai, mojiicup, er pepulcup efc 
1 c'Cuann ^yieine. 

]cl. TTUnficefvcac .tl. bfiram, Hi Sfienn T>tifimofi, m 
cle|ncar;u turam -pelicir;e|i quietus. CCoi* .tl. Concen- 
ainn, Hi .Tl. nT)ia|ima'Da, mofiiruji. tlua bai^illain, 
Hi^ pie Gjienn, T>O mafibaT) -DO "Cuair |iara, [.1.] on 

in the bar. of Upper Ormond, and co. 
of Tipperary. 

* Baffling. 1T)efuij;cro. The word 
also signifies " leading astray." 
The event is more intelligibly given 
in the Annals of Inisfallen (0' Conor's 
ed., ad an. 1090=1117): "bccegal 
ma-oma pO|x1TI uyxcha-o U a TTI aeil- 
pechlcntin o'5allib CCcha cliach, 
ocup Laignib, sunna co^achc a 

1 On Monday. This indicates the 
year 1117, in which the Kalends, or 
1st, of January fell on Monday, the 
Dominical Letter being G., as O'F. 
has observed in a marg. note. 

* Battle. The orig. hand has added 
the note Cat becyvccca (" battle of 
Betrach") in the marg. But in the 
Four Mast, it is called the " battle of 
Leitreacha-Odhrain," now Latteragh, 



Kal. of January on Monday. 1 Diarmaid, son of Enna, A.D. 
son of Murchadh, King of the Foreigners, and of Laighen, 
quievit in Ath-cliath. A predatory expedition by the 
Connachtmen into Mumhain, until they reached Sliabh- 
Crot, and Claire, and Sliabh-Cua. The army of Tuadh- 
Mumhain went after the Connachtmen into Mumhain. 
A battle' 2 was fought between them. The men of Mumhain 
were defeated and slaughtered, together with Ua Cenne- 
digh and many others. The baffling 3 of Murchadh Ua 
Maeilsechlainn. Maelmuire Ua Dunain, chief Bishop of 
Erinn, head of the learning and devotion of the west of 
the world, quievit in Christo in Cluain-Iraird. The 
pledges of Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn were taken by 
Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair. 

Kal. 4 Diarmaid Ua Briain, King of Leth -Mogha, moritur. [1 114.] 
A hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua Couchobhair, and by 
Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, into Mumhain, until they 
reached Glenn-Maghair, and they brought off with them 
the hostages of Mumhain. Another hosting, also, by the 
same parties, and they brought with them the hostages of 
Laighen, and brought with them Domhnall, son of Mur- 
chadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, by force, from Ath-cliath. 
Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, chief King of Connacht, in 
clericatu vitam feliciter quievit 5 in Cluain-muc-Nois. 
Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri, King of Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
moritur, and was interred in Tuairn-greine. 

Kal. 6 Muircertach Ua Briain, King of the greater [1115.] 
part of Erinn, in clericatu vitam feliciter quievit. 5 Aedh 
Ua Concennain, King of Ui-Diarmada, moritur. Ua 
Baighellain, chief poet 7 of Erinn, was slain by a man 
of Tuath-ratha, [i.e.] by the Spaillach O'Flannagain. 

" a deceitful victory over Murchadh 
l"a ^l.H'ilsechlainn, by the Foreigners 
of Ath-cliath, and the Lagenians, so 
that he did not reach his encampment 
during three nights." 

4 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the cor- 
rect year (1118). 

8 Quievit. if., A. ; which is doubt- 
less a mistake for p., "finivit." 
065, " died," B. 

Kal. The correct date, 1 1 1 9, has 
been prefixed by O'F. 

> Chief poet. His pile; lit. "King- 



Jet. CConac 'Cmllcen -DO Tjenum la TaipTjealbac .P. 
Concupaip. T^pi ppim -opocair TJO t>enum la Taip- 
oealbac .Tl. Concupaip m hoc anno .1. Tjpoice-o CCca 
tuam, ocup -opoice-o CCca Cpoca, ocup TjpoiceT) "Oume 
LeoT>a. SluaieT> la ^aip-oealbac im TTlifie gup mnapb 
mupcha-o .tl. TTlaoilpeclainn ipin cuai'opsepn, ocup a 
gell T>O T)eniuc comayiba paT)|iaic, ocuf Oacla 108CC. 

]cl. "Domnall mac TYlic Loclamn, Ri cuaif^eiiT: 
Oifienn .1. CCibuc, quieuit;. Samuel, Gpfcop CC^a cbac, 
quieuic. Cfiec fluai^e-b la 'Caiji-oealbac .tl. Concupaip, 
ifm TYlumam, ^U|i lafei: c|nr^di|i moji ?oy. Caifil, ocuf 
gup- aipspc CCfiD pmdin. Tan^Uf r;p.e T>eneT> an rp luai| 
05 Tjul -po -oeaf, ^up. majiba-o ann CCo-5 .tl. hei-om, Ri 
ll. ppacpac, ocuf Tnui|ieT)hac .h. plairbep,rai|, Ri 
lapxaifi Connachr, ev TTluip.5ef .n. lopcam, ec aln. 
1TI op [longpopx] la 'Caip.'oealbac .h. Concupaip, ocup la 
ter Cumn, 15 bippa, 6 amam 50 pel bpiDe, ^up pomn 
"Deapmumam eiT>ip Clainn Capr;hai| ec Clainn mbpiam. 

]cb CCoT> mac "Domnaill .n. Ruaipc, Ri aipcep Con- 
nachc, mopirup. CCo-o mac "DumnpleBe .M. Boca-oa, Ri 
"Ulai*, -DO mapba-o T>O .n. Tnar^amna 1 ccac. TYlaol- 
mopTa .tl. "Domnaill, Ri .tl. cCennpiolai^, m clepicaru 
quieuic. TTlaolpeclainn .tl. "Donna^din, Ri CCpai) ripe, 
occipup ept: 6 Clamn Copgpai| i:pe meaBaiL 

]Ct. "Damliag Ciandm T>O ^abdil pop TTlupchar* .tl. 
TTIaoilpeclainn o ^ailen^oib, ec an ceac apaibe -DO 
lop^aT) paip. "Dpeam T>a mumrep T>O mapba'D, ec a 
cepnum pen app. "Donncha-o mac ^illa pa-opaig Ruaii), 

1 Was celebrated. *0o -centim. 
These words are placed at the end of 
the entry in A. and B. The real year 
ia 1120, as O'F. has noted in the 

2 Its hostages ; i.e. the hostages of 
Midhe, or Heath. 

8 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
1121, which is the correct date. 

* Great terror, qfur^ccifl ; lit. 
" tremble-shout." 

s Encampment. The word has been 
obliterated in A. B. reads vUict, for 
pluogat), ''a hosting." 

6 Kal The correct date, 1 122, has 
been added in the margin by O'F. 

? Kal. This is properly the year 



Kal. The fair of Taillten was celebrated 1 by Toir- A.D. 
dhealbhach Ua Conchobhair. Three principal bridges were [me.] 
constructed by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair in this 
year, viz., the bridge of Ath-Luain, and the bridge of 
Ath-Crocha, and the bridge of Dun-Leodha. A hosting 
by Toirdhealbhach into Midhe, and he expelled Murchadh 
Ua Maeilsechlainn into the North, and its hostages 2 were 
given to him under the protection of the comarb of Patrick 
and the Bachal ISA. 

Kal. 3 Domhnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, King of the [1117.] 
North of Erinn, i.e. of Ailech, quievit. Samuel, Bishop 
of Ath-cliath, quievit. A predatory hosting by Toir- 
dhealbhach Ua Conchobhair into Mumhain, and they 
brought great terror 4 upon Caisel, and plundered Ard- 
Finain ; but the rere of the army was intercepted whilst 
going southwards, and Aedh Ua hEidhin, King of Ui- 
Fiachrach, and Muiredhach Ua Flaithbhertaigh, King 
of the West of Connacht, and Muirghes Ua Lorcain, and 
others, were slain. A great [encampment 5 ] by Toirdheal- 
bhach Ua Conchobhair, and by Leth-Chuinn, at Birra, 
from Allhallowtide until the festival of Brigid ; and he 
divided Deas-Mumhain between the Clann Carthaigh and 
Clann Briain. 

Kal. 6 Aedh, son of Domhnall Ua Ruairc, King of the [1118.] 
East of Connacht, moritur. Aedh, son of Donnsleibhe 
Ua Eochadha, King of Uladh, was slain in battle by 
Ua Mathghamhna. Maelmordha Ua Domhnaill, King of 
Ui-Cennsealaigh, in clericatu quievit. Maelsechlainn Ua 
Donnagain, King of Aradh-thire, was slain by the Clann- 
Cosgraigh, through treachery. 

Kal. 7 Daimhliag of Cianan was captured against Mur- [1119.] 
chadh Ua Maeilsechlainn by the Gailenga, and the house 
in which he was sheltered was burned over him. A number 
of his people were slain, but he himself escaped therefrom. 8 

1123, as O'F. has observed in a mar- 
ginal note. 

8 Therefrom. OTff, A. 
B., which is incorrect. 




Hi Oppose, a puip occipup efc. Cpoc Cpipr 1 ^Con- 
nachca m hoc anno. THop pillager* la "Caip/oeatbac 
.tl. Concupaip pop, muip, ocup -pop. rip, $up aips Ciap- 
paie, 50 puachc pen Copcaij, 50 ccancurrap, maire 
"Deap TYlumhan ma r;ec, um "Donncha'D mac Capfai^, 
ec um Ceallach .n. nibpic, ocup um .[). dnnpaolaf>, 
ocup um .tl. Concupaip Ciappai^e ; ocup poip plan T>ap 
clap Cille T)alua. 

jet. THopcablac la Txiip'oealbac 1 Rinn Linmni^, 
gup mill ocup sup, aips "Oeap TTlumuin. 'Ca'occ mac 
TTlic Capraig, Hi "Oeap Dlumlian, mopicup. Copmac 
pe^naunc popi: eum. CCn cloictec mop Cluana muc 
Moip "Dopbu-b la ^illa Cpipr; .h. TTIaoileom, ocup la 
"CoipTjealbac .H. Concupaip. Caiprel la Connachca .1. 
caiplen "Oum ^aillme, ec *0un Leo-oa, ocup Cul TTlaile. 
Cpeacpluai^e-o la T3oipT)ealbac im TTlag Caipbpe, ^up 
aips Conmaicne, 50 puce IDupcha-D .1l. TTlaoilpeclainn 
paip, et; Conmaicne, gup muif> pop an lopg Connachc 1 
cCpaib Tloip T>a capnT, 50 rr:opcbaip ann innac 
.tl. Ceallai|, ocup .n. T)uit5 mic LenT)din. 
Connachca ppiu, er mapbai-o pochaiie T)ib um raoipec 
TTiuinripe ^epa^am. ^lollabpai-oe .n. Ruaipc T>O 
ba-oha-5 ap toe mic "Men la Connach^oib". TTIaolpec- 
lamn mac 'Cai-occ .tl. TTlaoilpuanai'D, Ui TTluile Luipg, 
DO mapba-5 -opepaib bpepne, er TK> "Cigepnan .U. Ruaipc. 

1 Cross of Christ. This relic, which 
was supposed to be a portion of the 
True Cross, is now considered to be 
enclosed in the Cross of Cong, in the 
Royal Irish Academy. 

2 Returned. 8oip, A. Roif , B. 
Of Cill-Dalua. Cille .T>., A. 

B. erroneously reads Cille Tdfia, " of 
Cill-dara," or Kildare. 

4 Rinn-Luimnigh ; i.e. " the point 
of Luinmech," or Limerick. The 
correct year is 1124, as O'Flaherty 
has noted in the margin. 

5 Finished. 'DOfVbu'o, for -DO pofl- 
bu-D, A. B. 

6 Craebh-rois-da-charn. B. reads 
Cfiaib Roip cul T)a cap.n. The 
word, or syllable cul (tul) is also 
written in A., an expunctory line 
being drawn under it, which the 
transcriber of B. seems to have over- 

7 Turned, focm), A. paoiT>, B. 

8 Loch-mic-nen. The Ann. lilt. 
(1125) say "Loch-Aillene,"t.e. Loch- 
Allen, in the co. Leitrim. The Four 

Mast, write the name Loch-en, i.e. 
"the lake of the birds," which Dr. 
O'Donovan identifies with "Loch-na- 
nen," a marsh, which was formerly a 
lake, near the castle of Roscommon. 
Ann. Four Mast., ed. O'Donovan, 
note h , ad an. 1124, and note z , ad 

an. 1225. There is a lake at present 
called Loch Mncnean, situated in the 
N.E. part of Connacht, between the 
counties of Leitrim and Fermanagh, 
which is probably that referred to iu 
the text. 


Donnchadh, son of Gillapadraig Ruadh, King of Osraighe, A.D. 
was slain by his own people. The Cross of Christ 1 in 
Connacht in this year. A great expedition by Toir- 
dhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, on sea and land, so that he 
plundered Ciarraighe ; and he himself reached Corcach, 
and the nobles of Deas-Mumhain came into his house, 
together with Donnchadh Mac Carthaigh, and with 
Ceallach Ua Brie, and with Ua Cinnfaeladh, and with 
Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe; and he returned 2 safely 
across the plank bridge of Cill-Dalua. 3 

Kal. A great fleet assembled by Toirdhealbhach at [1120.] 
Rinn-Luimnigh, 4 so that he destroyed and plundered 
Deas-Mumhain. Tadhg, son of Mac Carthaigh, King of 
Deas-Mumhain, moritur. Cormac reigned after him. 
The great belfry of Cluain-muc-Nois was finished 5 by 
Gillachrist Ua Maeile6in, and by Toirdhealbhach Ua 
Conchobhair. Castles were erected by the Connachtmen, 
viz., the castles of Dun-Gaillmhe, and Dun-Leodha, and 
Cul-Maile. A predatory hosting by Toirdhealbhach into 
Magh-Cairbre, and he plundered Conmaicne ; but Mur- 
chadh Ua Maeilsechlainn and the Conmaicne overtook 
him, and the army of Connacht was defeated at Craebh- 
rois-da-charn, 6 and Sinnach Soghain Ua Ceallaigh, and Ua 
Duibh, son of Lennan, were slain there. The Connacht- 
men, however, turned 7 against them, and slew a multitude 
of them, together with the chieftain of Muinter-Geradh- 
ain. Gillabraide Ua Ruairc was drowned in Loch-mic- 
nen 8 by the Connachtmen. Maelsechlainn, son of Tadhg 
Ua Maeilruanaidh, King of Magh-Luirg, was slain by 
the men of Breifne, and by Tighernan Ua Ruairc. The 
hostages of Deas-Mumhain, together with the son of 



"Oep TTlumhan, urn mac Cofimaic mic Cafir;hai, -DO la ^oin/oealbac .tl. Concupain.. 

let. T)a mac CCmeiplip .11. Gnm .1. plann ocup an 
illa n.uar>, 7>a ^115 .tl. ppiacpach CCn>ne, T>O mafibaT) a 
ppilt DO Concupap, .tl. "ptai^beyirai^ 05 bun 
^illabnxii'oe, Hi bpepne, occifUf eft; a fuif. 
TTlupcha-Da .h. TTIaoitfeclainn -DO "Coifi-Delbac ocuf -DO 

]ct. 6nna mac fnupchat-Da] .1. mic "OonnchaTa, |\i 
Laijen, monicup. Sluaige'b ta 'Coiti'Delbac .tl. Concu- 
paip, 50 txug fiige Lai^en ec ^dll ^a mac pen, -DO 
Concupayi. fnuficha-b .h. TTlaoilfeclamn 1 TTliT)e. 
TT1 O|ilon5po|\r; ta "Caifvoealbac a nUn. TTlui^am 6 
Lunapai> 50 peit bp-i^De, ocuf fio ai|\5 peer: apn 
lon^pofic -pin "Cin, Conaitt, ocuf pecc aiti 50 TDona 
ITloin., ocuf 50 ^tenn frta^aip., ocuf pecc 50 T>eif5eftc 
On^cnBe, ocuf |\o cmn. dp Of|iaie um .V). Cayioc. 
"Domnatt pionn .h. T)upT)a -DO baTaT> 05 raBaific cpece 
6 Cm el Con at II. 

let. ^iolla Cniopc .\\. maoileom, CCbb Cluana muc 
Noif, r;opa|i ecna ocuf Tein.ce, cenn f oma ocuf paibpiuf a 
na hGfienn, quieinc. TTIuticha^ .h. TTlaoitfeclamn 
"Oomnall, a mac, na iona-5. "Oomnall 
accmn fiaice, er "OiafimaiT) .1l. TTIaoilfec- 
lamn na mona-o a HT)if. Car; eiT>ifi T>a pi Ula'D, -ou 
arcopcaip CCo'o .Tl. TTlac^amna, ocup Wiall mac "Dumn- 
ple^e .tl. eochafca. 

let. ^lolla an Coinroea-D mac Cumn 
CCbbar* Cluana muc Moip, 

The correct date (1125) 
has been prefixed by O'F. 

2 Gillabraide. This is probably a 
repetition, in a phraseology somewhat 
altered, of the entry under the last 
year, relating to Gillabraide Ua 

8 Kal O'F. has prefixed the year 
1126, which is the proper date. 

* Tir- Conaitt. Usually written Ui- 
Conaill, or Ui-Conaill-Gabhra. The 
name of this district is still preserved 
in those of the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Conaello, in the co. of Limerick, 



Connac Mac Carthaigh, were killed by Toirdhealbhach. 
Ua Conchobhair. 

Kal. 1 The two sons of Aneislis Ua Edhin, viz., Flann 
and the Gilla-ruadh, two Kings of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, 
were treacherously slain by Conchobhar Ua Flaithbher- 
taigh, at Bun-Gaillmhe. Gillabraide, 2 King of Breifne, was 
slain by his own people. The dethronement of Murchadh 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, by Toirdhealbhach and Tighernan. 

KaL 3 Enna, son of Murcha[dh], son of Donnchadh, 
King of Laighen, moritur. A hosting by Toirdhealbhach 
Ua Conchobhair, and he gave the sovereignty of Laighen, 
and of the Foreigners, to his own son Conchobhar. 
Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn again in Midhe. A great 
camp by Toirdhealbhach in Ur-Mumhain, from Lammas 
till the festival of Brigid, and he plundered from that 
camp, at one time, Tir-Conaill, 4 and another time as far as 
Moin-m6r, and to Glenn-Maghair, and one time to the 
South of Osraighe, and he effected the slaughter of the 
Osraighe, together with Ua Car<5c. Domhnall Finn Ua 
i)ubhda was drowned whilst bringing a prey from Cinel 

KaL 5 Gillachrist Ua Maeile6in, 6 Abbot of Cluain-nmc- 
Nois, fountain of knowledge and charity, head of the 
prosperity and affluence of Erinn, quievit. Murchadh 
Ua Maeilsechlainn was dethroned. Domhnall, his son, 
was elected in his place. Domhnall was dethroned before 
the end of a quarter, and Diarmaid Ua Maeilsechlainn 
was elected in the place of both. A battle between the 
two Kings of Uladh, in which Aedh Ua Mathghamhna 
and Niall, son of Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha, were slain. 

Kal. 7 Gilla-an-choimdedh, son of Conn Dealbhnach, 
tanist- Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. 






6 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the year 
1127, which is the correct date. 

6 Gillachrist Ua Maeikoin. The 
compilation of the original of the pre- 

sent Chronicle has been attributed to 
this ecclesiastic. See Introduction. 

i Kal The correct year is 1128, 
as O'F. has noted in the margin. 



let. TYl 0511 up mac TTlic Loclainn, Hi dneoit 6050111 
ocup an ruai-opsept;, T>O mapbat) 6 dnel TDaien. 
Ceallac, comappa pat>paic, ocuf aifiT) Oppcop Gpenn, 
t>hec a nCCp/o paT>p.aic, ocup a armacal 1 iLip moip. 
'Geapbac mop ipm bliai>ain, gup null na guipr;. CClroip, 
T>aimlia5 moip Cluana muc Noip T>p.oplu|;(r6, ocup pe6it> 
T)O bpeie epre .1. capiiacan T;emptnl Solman cucccro 6 
TDaolfeclainn rnac *Oomnaill, ocuf CUTDHI "Oonncha'Da 
mic plain 11, o^up na cp.i feoiT) rucc 'Coiji'oealbac .n. 
Concupaip. .1. bleT>e afigai'D, ec copan ayi^ai-D ec 
6i|i raip,if, et: coyin co nofi, eu copn .1). Riarxxi 
CCp.a7), et: cailec ayi^aiT) ocuf mam oip. pain, con 
er; copan ap^aiT) Ceallaif;, comapba pacpaicc. 

]ct. T)iapmaiT) .11. pallamainn caipec Clomne 
UaT>acb, mopisup. ^oll Cluana .H. CCifieccai5, 
run.. 8eoiT> Cluana muc Noip T)poillpi5UT> ap, 
Luimm^, lap. na n^aiT) T>O 5 10 ^\ a Com^am, ocup pa 
cpocbaT e 15 *Dun cluana icaip, iap na ntmacal 6 
Concupap .1). Opiam, o pi TTluman : po pip cpa an 
^iolla Contain pm Copcai|, ocup bop mop, ocup popx 
Laipge -DO T)ol T>ap muip, ocup an long a ppa^ba'D 
ionaT>, ni pa^ba-o pec ^aoir peolca, ocup po gebrnp na 
longa apchena. "Oecbep on, T>no, ap na papcaTt dapan 
an lon^ 1 rn:piallaT> pom recc raipip, et: T>O ficropom 
5ubiT)ip ppi bap inDpem conaiceT> Ciapan cona bacaill 
1C papcaft ^aca luinge 1 t^pialla'5 -ool raipip. Ha 
mopupct:aTi rpa an Coinroe an ci naom Ciapan ipin 
pipe pm. Cuaipne .h. Concupaip, Hi .1l. ppailj;e, 
mopiuip. TnaiT)m pe 'Cisepnan .n. Huaipc pop aiprep 

i Kal. The correct year is 1129. 

Carradtan. This seems to have 
been the same as the article mentioned 
at the year 1005, supra, under the 
name of " Eneclar." O'Reilly (7r. 
Diet., in voce) explains carrachan as 
"a model," in which he is followed 

by Dr. O'Donovan. Four Mast., ad 
an. 1129. 

8 Culdin; i.e. catinus. 

4 Kal. O'F. has prefixed the cor- 
rect year (1130). 

6 Dun-cluana-Ithair. The Four 
Mast, call the place "Dun-cluana- 
Bhriain," or "the fort of Brian's 



Kal. 1 Maghnus, son of Mac Lochlainn, King of Cinel A.D. 
Eoghain and the North, was slain by the Cinel- Maein. [1125.1 
Ceallach, comarb of Patrick, and chief Bishop of Erinn, 
died at Ardpatrick, and was interred in Lis-mor. Great 
heat in this year, which destroyed the com fields. The 
altar of the great Stone-church of Cluain-muc-Nois was 
opened, and precious things were taken out of it, viz., 
the carrachan 2 of Solomon's Temple, which was given by 
Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall, and the cuidin 3 of 
Donnchadh, son of Flann, and the three articles which 
Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair gave viz., a silver goblet, 
and a silver cup with a golden cross over it, and a drink- 
ing-horn with gold and the drinking-horn of Ua Eiata, 
King of Aradh, and a silver chalice, with a burnishing of 
gold and an engraving, and the silver cup of Ceallach, 
comarb of Patrick. 

Kal. 4 Diarmaid Ua Fallamhainn, chief of Clann- [1126.] 
Uadach, moritur. Goll-Cluana Ua Airechtaigh, moritur. 
The precious things of Cluain-muc-Nois were revealed 
against the Foreigners of Luimnech, after having been 
stolen by Gillacomghain, and he was hanged at Dun- 
cluana-Ithair, 5 after he had been delivered up by Con- 
chobhar Ua Briain, King of Mumhain. This Gilla- 
comghain, indeed, sought Corcach, and Lis-mor, and 
Port-Lairge, to go across the sea ; but the ship in which 
he might find a place could not get wind enough for 
sailing, though all the other ships would. No wonder, 
truly, for Ciaran would detain the ship in which he sought 
to escape him ; and he made a declaration, when dying, 
that he had seen Ciaran, with his staff, detaining every 
ship in which he attempted to escape him. The Lord 
magnified Saint Ciaran, 6 truly, in that miracle. Cuaifne 
Ua Conchobhair, King of Ui-Failghe, moritur. A victoiy 

lawn, or meadow," which Dr. 
O'Donovan says is now Cloonbrien, 
a townland in the parish of Athlacca, 
near Bruff, in the co. of Limerick. 

6 Saint Ciaran. CCn ci naom 
Ciafxcm ; lit. "the person, Saint 
Ciaran," A. B. 


, -ou arropchaip. T)iapmaiT> .11. TTlaoilpeclainn, Ri 
17liT>e, er; CCon^up 6 Cain-oealbtiin, Ri taogaipe, 
er; Cocall pliuc mac mic Senam, Ri ^aileng, er; alii 
Tnulw. 171 epp Tjimop gaca copaiTi 111 hoc anno. 

jet. toingep "Caip-oealbaig 50 Hop aibqn, pip loin 
50 mop "Oeapp TTlumain. TTIac Conconnachr; .Tl. Con- 
cupai|% ec .n. Cap^chais ollam Connachu, occifi func 
immai-om Caille CotScaig, cfie anairne ecifi ConnachroiB 
inuicem. 1710^100156-0 la Concupaji mac TTlic Loch- 
lamn, ta fii cuaifsefit; 6|ienn, co ntlllroiB ec 50 
nCCipgiallaiB maille pp.ip, 1 gConnachroib, 50 
Con.fiptiat5, 50 cr-ugfac Connachca amuf -pain, 
cSegaip, ^ufi muif) pop. dnel Conaill, ocup jup mapba-o 
tcnn .ll. TDaoilgaoire, ec an apbanac .Tl. baoigell, ec 
alii muln, ec con'oeapnpac pic po ceT)6ip, ec mac TTlic 
Loclamn -oa cai|, er; 50 n^oeaccarxup UlaT> ocup CCip- 
gialla T>ap CCc Luam paip, T>a ct;i|ib, 50 gcompaims 
T>oit5 ocup 'Gigep.nan .n. Ruaip.c a TTlaig [Conaille], lap 
tuapaipr; cpeice -ooiB a UllxoiB -oap a nepi, gup muif) 
fx>p UlLroiB ocup pop. CCippallaift, ^ap, mapba-o ann 
.n. eocha-oa, Hi UlaT), ocup 6 Cpiocain, Ri pepnmaige, 
ocup a mac, ocup .tl. 1n-opeacht:ai|, Ri .h. TDeir, er; 
alu. TTlaol[iopa] .h. "Posla-Da, aipD Oppcop TTlumhan, 
iofUleuir;. Concupap .ll. bpiam -DO bualar> T>pop TMI 
tnuincep pen. 

Jet. Gnaip pop CCome, ocup .ac. puippe, ocup btiaT>ain 
bipec, ocup an T>apa bliaT)am .xxx. ap ce-o ap mile o 

1 Cochatt-jliuch ; i.e. " cacullus hu- 
toidus," or "wet-mantle." The Four 
&ast (1130) call him "Amhlaibh." 

2 Kal. The correct year, 1131, has 
been prefixed by O'F. 

/n tke defeat of Caill-Cobhthaiffk. 
The Four Mast, state that Ua Con- 
chobhair and Ua Carthaigh were slain 
in a cavalry engagement fought be- 
tween the Munstenuen and Connacht- 

men, near Loch-Semdighe (Lough- 
Sewdy), in the co. of Westmeath. 
CaiU-Cobhthaigh, i.e. " Coffey's 
wood," was the name of a woody dis- 
trict in the south of the co. Galway, 
but the name is now obsolete. 

* Went. 50 n-Deacaccufi, A. 
iroeacarcuf^ B. 

8 Conaille. This word, which is 
effaced in A., and consequently omit- 



by Tighernan Ua Ruairc over the men of the East of 
Midhe, in which were slain Diarmaid Ua Maeilsechlainn, 
King of the East of Midhe, and Aengus O'Caindealbhain, 
King of Laeghaire, and Cochall-fliuch, 1 grandson of Senan, 
King of Gaileng, and many others. A great crop of all 
kinds of fruit in this year. 

Kal. 2 The fleet of Toirdhealbach sailed to Ros-ailithri, 
and spoiled Deas-Mumhain very much. The son of 
Cuconnacht Ua Conchobhair, and Ua Carthaigh, chief poet 
of Connacht, were slain in the defeat of Caill-Cobhthaigh, 8 
through a mistake among the Connachtmen themselves. 
A great hosting by Conchobhar, son of Mac Lochlainn, 
King of the North of Erinn, with the Ultonians and the 
Airghialla along with him, into Connacht, until he reached 
Corrsliabh ; but the Connachtmen made an attack on him 
in the Seaghais, when the Cinel Conaill were defeated, and 
Ua Maeilgaeithe, and the Garbhanach Ua Baeighell, and 
inany others, were slain there. And they made peace 
immediately, and the son of Mac Lochlainn returned to 
his house, and the Ultonians and Airghialla went 4 across 
Ath-Luain, eastwards, towards their homes, until they en- 
countered Tighernan Ua Ruairc in Magh [Conaille 5 ], who 
was after bringing a prey from Uladh in their absence ; 6 
and the Ultonians and Airghialla were defeated, and Ua 
Eochadha, King of Uladh, and O'Criochain, King of 
Fem-mhagh, and his son, and Ua Indreachtaigii, King of 
Ui-Meith, and others, were slain. Mael[isa] Ua Fogh- 
}adha, chief Bishop of Mumhain, quievit. Conchobhar U* 
Briain was struck by a man of his own people. 

Kal. 7 of January on Friday, and the 10th day of the 
moon, and a bissextile year, and the 32nd year over a 
hundred and a thousand from the Incarnation of Christ. 

ted in B., is supplied from the Four 

6 In their absence, -oafi a nep ; 
lit " after them ;" i.e. after they (the 
Ulidians) had departed on the expe- 

dition from which they were return- 
ing when Tighernan Ua Ruairc en- 
countered them. 

7 Kal. This is properly the yew 
1132, as the criteria indicate. 






inncolluccat> Cpiopc. TYlopcablac ta Txtip-oealbac .tl. 
Concupaip pop Loc nTDeipb-oepc, pip milt mopdn T>on 
TTlumain. Sltia^e-o leip im TTIiTte 50 txu$ pige -DO 
TYlupcbaDh .1l. TYlaoitpecblamn. Cpeac la Concupap 
.Tl. mbpiain am ID 0011111015, pip aip$ Cill mbian, ec 
50 puce bu im-oa lep. Caipten bona aillme T>O 
top^a-o TDO lonsaip pep TDunihan, octip -o^eam T)ia|iuap 
Connachc T>O rnapbat> im .11. Tai'Dg an "Ce^lai^. Cfiec 
pluai^e^ ta 'Caiji.'oealbac a nib "Pap^a, guyi 01^5 uile. 
CCiten an bere pop. 8mainn T>O topga-D o pepaibh 
niuman, ocup T>peam um r;aoipec TTluinnpe Cinaoir T>O 
cuinm ann. Cpec THaile Luips ta pepaip bpeipne. 
Uan.ein.56 -H. "Neccam, cenn Cete nt)e Ctuana muc 
Woip, m pace quietus. *OiapniaiT: mac TTlic GDi^en, 
caoipec Ctamne T)iapmaT)a, mopirup. Comapba bpig^e 
DO [bp]ar copucca-o T>O "Diapmaii: mac THupchxifa, ocup 
a rabaipc T)ia piap ap egm, ocup peachn ppicis T)o 
mapba'D ap tap Citte -oapa, er; a upmop -DO topcciiTi. 

jet. Tnoppluaise-o Leic TDoja um Copmac mac 
TTlic Capprhai5, ocup um Concupap .h. mbpiam, 1 
^ConnacroiB, ^up peT>i5pe[T>] an RuaT>beiri5 ocup na 
betara, ocup gup mapbpac Cachat mac Cashait pi^- 
T>amna Connachc, ocup ^ittananaom .h. ptamn, 
caoipioc 8it TTIaoitpuain. *0a mac Conconnacbc .tl. 
Concupaip T>O ba-oba-o ap Loc RiB. TnaiT>m pe pepaiC 
"Ceabrapop iot TTluipe-Dbais, ubi occipup epc CCmtaib 
mac CCpchon .tl. Ha-ouib, saoipec Ctamne Tomatrail, 
ocup pa gaba-b TTlac 1tlept>aip .tl. CCniT)tiT)e. Concupap 

i DaNechtain. .Tl. Hecnain (Ua 
Neehiiain), A. B. Corrected from the 
Four Mast. 

8 Was betrayed. -DO . . or, A., 
some letters being effaced at the be- 
ginning of the second word, which 
should apparently read b^ctc. B. 
follows the reading in A. The trans- 

lator of the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
(1135, recti- 1132) states that "the 
Ab'oesse of Kildare was forced and 
taken out of her cloisters by Dermot 
Mac Murrofjh." 

8 Kal. The correct year is 1133, 
as O'F. has noted in the margin. 

4 Ruudh-bheitheach ; Le. "the Red 




A great fleet by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair on 
Loch-deirg-derc, so that he destroyed a great part of 
Mumhain. A hosting by him into Midhe, and he gave 
the sovereignty to Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn. A 
predatory expedition by Conchobhar Ua Briain into 
Maen-magh, and he plundered Cill-mBian, and carried 
off a great number of cows. The castle of Bun-Gaillmhe 
was burned by a fleet of the men of Mumhain, and a 
number of Hie men of the West of Connacht were 
killed, along with the grandson of Tadhg-an-teghlaigh. 
A predatory hosting by Toirdhealbhach into Ui-Forga, 
which he entirely plundered. Ailen-an-bheithe, on the 
Sinainn, was burned by the men of Mumhain, and a 
number fell there, along with the chief of Muinter- 
Cinaeith. The plundering of Magh-Luirg by the men of 
Breifne. Uareirghe Ua Nechtain, 1 head of the Celi-Dd 
of Cluain-muc-Nois, in pace quievit. Diarmaid, son of 
Mac Edigen, chief of Clann-Diarmada, moritur. The 
comarb of Brigid was betrayed, 2 and carried off by 
Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, who forcibly compelled her 
to obey him ; and seven score persons were slain in 
the middle of Cill-dara, and the greater part of it was 

Kal. 3 A great hosting of Leth-Mogha, with Cormac, 
son of Mac Carthaigh, and with Conchobhar Ua Briain, 
into Connacht, and they levelled the Ruadh-bheitheach 4 
and the Belata, 5 and killed Cathal, son of Cathal, Royal 
heir of Connacht, and Gilla-na-naemh Ua Flainn, chief of 
Sil-Maeilruain. The two sons of Cuconnacht Ua Con- 
chobhair were drowned in Loch-Ribh. A victory by 
the men of Teabhtha over Sil-Muiredhaigh, in which 
Amhlaibh, son of Archu Ua Raduibh, chief of Clann- 
Tomaltaigh, was slain, and Mac Illestair Ua hAindlidhe 


Birch," now Roevehagh, in the parish 
of Killeely, bar. of Dunkellin, and co. 
of Galway. 

The Belata; i.e. "the cross- 
roads." See note 4 , p. 316. 





mac tTlupcha-oa Jl. TYlaoilpeclamn, pigoamna 1TliT>e, 
DO mapba-D T)O "Oonnchat* mac ^itlemocolmog ocup 
DO ^allai p. ITlac ^Hemocolmos T>O mapbaft T>O YTli'oe- 
caip. Tnaolgapb ipin blioDam, gup mapb bu Gpenn, 
ocup a muca ache nemtm. Opcpa gpeme hopa cepna 
oiei. Occipio plairbepcaifi; .tl. plairbep^ai^. lupca 
DO topccaf) uite, cona cempol, -DO *0omnalt mac TTIufi- 
cba-oa .h. TTlaoilfeclainn. 

]ct. CCn T>IC ceT>na pop. mmliB Leire Ctunn. THac 
mic Cacail ,n, Concupaip T>O mapbai* la .]!. n^pa. 
Coippeca^ cempait Copmaic 1 ^Caifiol la maicip im-oa. 
TTlupcha-o .h. e^pa, ocup a ben .1. in^en 'Caip-oealbaij 
h. Concupaip, T)O mapba-o 6 "Cairlec .Tl. e^pa. Cic 
clocpnecDa T)peprain a cCaipil, gup ba pnam oona 
hecaiB ap mapgax* Caipil. TDai'Dm pe nOppai^ib -pop 
"Diapmai-D mac TDupcha-Da, T)U ar^opchaip U^aipe -tl. 
"Cua^ail, et alu. Coccat mop Txpap enp tec TTlosa, 
gup Urca rpi cara ecuppa. Celecaip mac Cumn na 
mbocz:, fptn penoip Cluana muc "Noip, quieuic. TTiaol- 
ciapdm mac Cumn na mbochr, uapal pagapT:, m Cpipro 
quieuic. CCo'b mac Hflic CocTtim, Hi "DealBna becpa, 
mopit:up. CCo-D mac TTlic 'Cai'Dg .h. Ceallai, Ui .t). 
Tlflaine, mopirup. TTIaolbpenatnn .h. CCnpaT>am quieuic. 
Bluaise-o la TTlac 17lupchaT>a 50 Lai^mb, ocup 50 nai15 
cCmnpiolai^, er; 50 n^alloiB CCca cbar pop Con cu pap 
h. mbpiam 50 TTluimnechaiB, er OppaipB, ec ^allaip 
aip^e, DU accopcaip ap mop .1. ar^opcaip mac 
TTlaipe mic CCU^oipi:, an all a r Tepp po baoi a 
nGipmn, ec um CCmlait) puipc Laipge, ec ym 
Oppose, ocup gabail ^illeparpaicc .n. 

1 Maelgarbh; i.e. a murrain. 

A very few. nemcni, A. B., for 
nertim, lit. "nothing." 

* Kal. The year 1134 is the cor- 
rect date, a< has been observed in the 
margin by O'F. 

* The same destruction; i.e. the di- 
temper which is mentioned under the 
previous year. 

4 Could swim. The orig. hand haf 
written the word ingnaT), '.?. "a 
prodigy," in the margin. 

6 Multitude. 6.]\, lit "a slaughter." 



was taken prisoner. Conchobhar, son of Murchadh TJa 
Maeilsechlainn, Royal heir of Midhe, was slain by 
Donnchadh Mac Gillamocholmog and by Foreigners. 
Mac Gillamocholmog was slain by the men of Midhe. A 
maelgarbh 1 in this year, which killed the cows of Erinn, 
and its pigs, except a very few. 2 An eclipse of the sun 
at the third hour of the day. The killing of Flaith- 
bhertach Ua Flaithbhertaigh. Lusca was altogether 
burned, together with its church, by Domhnall, son of 
Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn. 

Kal. 3 The same destruction 4 on the cattle of Leth- 
Chuinn. The grandson of Cathal Ua Conchobhair was 
killed by Ua Eghra. Consecration of Tempol-Chormaic 
in Caisel, by many nobles. Murchadh Ua Eghra and his 
wife, i.e. the daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, 
were slain by Taithlech Ua Eghra. A shower of hailstones 
fell in Caisel, so that horses could swim 5 on the market- 
place of Caisel. A victory by the Osraighe over Diar- 
maid Mac Murchadha, in which Ugaire Ua Tuathail, and 
others, were slain. A great war grew up amongst the 
people of Leth-Mogha, so that three battles were fought 
between them. Celechair Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, illus- 
trious senior of Cluain-muc-Nois, quievit. Maelciarain 
Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, an illustrious priest, quievit in 
Christo. Aedh, son of Mac Cochlain, King of Deal- 
bhna-Bethra, moritur. Aedh, grandson of Tadhg Ua 
Ceallaigh, King of Ui Maine, moritur. Maelbrenainn 
Ua Anradhain quievit. A hosting by Mac Murchadha, 
with the Lagenians, and the Ui-Cennsealaigh, and the For- 
eigners of Ath-cliath, against Conchobhar Ua Briain, with 
the men of Mumhain, the Osraighe, and the Foreigners 
of Port-Lairge; on which occasion a great multitude 6 
were slain, viz., the son of Gillamaire, son of Allgort, the 
best Foreigner that was in Erinn, was slain, together 
with Amhlaibh of Port-Lairge, and with the nobles of 
Osraighe ; and Gillapadraig Ua Cennedigh was taken pri- 






TTlinficeficac, paqacncc, qtneuir. TAiarnrmma 
T)pafticcaf mn. fcquicccn) cocaine 1ajitaie. TTlaol- 
maoDOis .h. nion^ain. 1 cccrcaip. paqiaicc. 

]ct. 6nain. .111., p. 1. am, TT1.C. acxx.u. Ccrcat mac 
"CaTocc .ll. Concupaip, occiynip eft; o -pepmb 'GeaEra. 
Rof Comain con a rempol T>O toyccai), ocuf a hain.- 
cmnec, ocup a pefilesmn -DO majibaT), 6 pe^imp bfieipie. 
TTlai-Dm Tnaon^aise ^e 8il TTlinfieT)liai5 a\i 1B TYlaine, 
ti bi mutn ceci7>eruni, iim Concupafi .ll. Ceallm, octif 
.h. TTlainnin, Ri So^ain. RtiaiT>yii .n. Canannain, Ri 
Cinet ConaiLl, occiyuf efr 6 Cm el Gogain. T^ene 
Tfai^nen T>O beim a cmn T>O cloicrec Ctuana muc "Moif, 
ec -DO rottcro cla^ci^e Ruif c^e. TTlaolifa .n. hCCin- 
mi|ie, Gpfcop PUIJIT: Laiyi^e, quieinr. Ua 
Ri il CCnmchccba ec .h. TTlaine, T>O majibcrfc a 
DO mac ^illecaoimpn .11. CinneiT)^. "Domnalt mac 
.h. byiiain .1. ^epyi lamac, m cLe|ncat:ii 
. Cmaou .Vl. baiplt, Bpfcop Clocaip, 
mo|i in hoc anno. Oenfiic, Ri aacan, 
TTlaitle occifUf eft: o mac "Domnaill .h. "DuB-oa, 1 
na "Mua Con^bala. CC 5001 -pen "oa'D 
pifit; Colaim Cille ifm |iaice ceT)na. Cun^a 
7>o lofccat* cu a yieclef. Cumayia T>O ma|ibaD 

1 Covenant of larlaith. There is 
no mention of this covenant elsewhere 
in this Chronicle, or in any other 
authority that the Editor has seen. 
It would seem to have been a cove- 
nant made by St. larlaith, who was 
the founder and patron of Tuam, be- 
tween the tribes inhabiting the south 
of the present county of Galway and 
their neighbours of Tuadh-Mumha, 
or Thomond. 

1 Maelmaedhoig Ua Morgair. The 
name "Maelmaedhoig" has been La- 

tinized "Malachias," by some hand, 
in the margin. 

3 The third feria; i.e. Tuesday. 
This indicates the real year to be 
1135, as the annalist has correctly 
specified. The actual reckoning of 
the " Kals.," however, gives the date 

4 Qfaengach. The Annals of Boyle, 
at the year 1135, call the place 
Findabhair (or Finnabhair), i. e. 
Finnure, bar. of Leitrim, co. Galway ; 
and the continuator of Tighernach has 



soner. Muircertach, comarb of Patrick, quievit. Tuadh- 
Mumha was wasted, after the profanation of the covenant 
of larlaith. 1 Maelmaedhoig Ua Morgair 2 in the chair of 

Kal. of January on the 3rd feria, 3 the 1 Gth of the moon : 
MCXXXV. Cathal, son of Tadhg Ua Conchobhair, 
was slain by the men of Teabhtha. Ros-Comain, with 
its church, was burned, and its airchinnech and lector 
were killed, by the men of Breifne. The victory of 
Maengach 4 was gained by Sil-Muiredhaigh over the Ui 
Maine, in which many fell, together with Conchobhar 
Ua Ceallaigh, and Ua Mainnin, King of Soghan. Ruaidhri 
Ua Canannain, King of Cinel Conaill, was slain by the 
Cinel Eoghain. Lightning knocked off the head of the 
steeple of Cluain-muc-Nois, and pierced the steeple of 
Ros-cre. Maelisa Ua hAinmire, Bishop of Port-Lairge, 
quievit. Ua Madudhain, King of Sil-Anmchadha and 
Ui Maine, was treacherously slain by- the son of Gilla- 
caeimhghen Ua Cennedigh. Domhnall, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Briain, i.e. Gerr-lamhach, 5 in clericatu quievit. 
Cinaeth Ua Baighell, Bishop of Clochar, quievit. Great 
fruit in this year. Oenric, 6 King of the Saxons, moritur. 
O'Maille was slain by the son of Domhnall Ua Dubhda, 
in the stone-church of Nua-chongbhail. His own spear 
killed him, 7 through the miracle of Colum Cille, in the 
same quarter. 8 Cunga was burned, with its Recles. 9 
Cumara was slain through the miracle of larlaith. 10 



"TTlccitmi CConoig 
i.e. "the victory of the Aenach (fair) 
of Maemnagh," the name of a plain 
comprising the district around Lough- 
rea, in the co. of Galway. 

6 Gerr-lamhach ; i.e. " the short- 

8 Oenric. Henry I. of England 
is here meant, who died in the year 

7 Him ; i.e. Domhnall Ua Dubhda. 

8 Quarter; viz., of a year. 

8 Recles. A " Recles" meant an 
" Abbey church." See Reeves's 
Adamnan, p. 276. 

10 larlaith. Mac Firbis's hand- 
writing in A. ends with this name, as 
does also the text in B. The fol- 
lowing entries are only contained in 
A. See next note. 


Concubup. mac mic "Ootincai-o .t). TYlailpeaclainT) -DO 
map-ba-o 1 nsemil la'o .tl. TTlaoilpechlainn. 
CCpc mac TTlupcha-oa .Tl. TYlaoilpechlamn, pi 5-00 net 
'Ceampxxc, mopcuup epc. "Oomnall mac RuaiT>pi .Tl. 
TTIaitmuaiT) Hi ep Celt occipup ept; o TTluincip, Lua- 
naim. Comapba Ciapan .1. THaelmocca T>O a^am T>O 
il nCCnmcha'oa, ocuf T>O ChoncoCup, mac TTlic Coclam. 

jet. Cnaifi -poyi cet:ain, ocuf oen uaca-o puifijii. Con- 
caBap. mac "Oiajima'oa .Tl. Op.iain, Ri TTluman m r;|iibu- 
tat;ione bona quietus 1 Citl "Oalua. ^iollafiaT)naT:a 
mac mic (DCmal^a-oa, raoifioc Callyiui^e, occiftif efs o 
bp-e^maimbh. TYlac "Peayi^ail .Tl. Tnaoilmuai-D, Hi 
"Peap, Ceall, occifUf efs o mac RuaiT>|ii .Tl. TTlaoilmiiai'D 
1 nT)uvimai5 Coltnm Cille. Carafac .Tl. Ceiyicaeyiac, 
pep, le|mn CCyiT) TTlaca m Cfiiptx) quieuic. "Donnca'5 
.Tl. Concabaip,, Ri dapjunse tuacyia, T>O map.Ba'5 T>O 
Commapa mac true Conmap.a. 

]ct. Gnaip pop. CCoine, ocup aib Tec puip,p.i. TTluip^- 
ceap^cac .Tl. TTlailpeclainn, p,i5-Damna ', ocup 
pi lapcaip, TTliTe, mop.Tcuup epc. "Oonnca'5 .Tl. Coin- 
ceanuinD mop^cuup epc. CC mac -pen .1. Uuai-Dpi -DO 
la 'Coip.p'oealBach .Tl. ConcatJaip,, T>ap. pdp^u- 
laec ocup clepech. 8luaiea^ la 'Goip.p.'oealBac 
.Tl. mbpiam ocup p.ia -peapuibh TTluman hi Connachra, 
cop. seapcpan m TluaDbei:^, ocup cop, pcailpioc a caipel, 

1 Conchobhar. For an account of 
the original of the following entries, 
see the Introduction, p. xli. 

8 Donnchadh. Over this name 
O'Flaherty has added ".i. mic "Oorh- 

naitt," to signify that Donnchadh 
was the son of Domhnall. 

8 Wednesday. O'Flaherty has cor- 
rected this to "Octyvoccin, "Thurs- 
day," on which day the Kalends, or 
1st of January occurred in 1142. 



Conchobhar, 1 grandson of Donnchadh 2 Ua Maeilsech- [lUl.] 
lainn, was killed in captivity by Murchadh Ua Maeilsech- 
lainn. Art, son of Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, Royal 
heir of Temhair, mortuus est Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, was slain by 
Muinter-Luanaim. The comarb of Ciaran, i.e. Mael- 
mochta, was plundered by Sil-Anmchadha, and by Con- 
chobhar, son of Mac Cochlain. 

KaL of January on Wednesday, 3 the 1st day of the [1142.] 
moon. Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid Ua Briain, King 
of Mumhain, in tribulatione bona quievit at Cill-Dalua. 
Gillasiadnata, son of Mac Amhalghadha, chief of Cal- 
raighe, was slain by the Breghmhaine. The son of 
Fergal Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, was killed 
by the son of Ruaidhri Ua Maeilmhuaidh, in Durmhagh- 
Choluim-Chille. Cathasach Ua Ceirchaerach, lector of 
Ard-Macha, in Christo quievit. Donnchadh Ua Con- 
chobhair, King of Ciarraighe Luachra, was killed by 
Cumara, son of Mac Conmara. 

KaL of January on Friday, the 12th day of the [1143.3 
moon. Muirchertach Ua Maeilsechlainn, Royal heir of 
Temhair, and King of the West of Midhe, mortuus est. 
Donnchadh Ua Concennain mortuus est. His own son, 
i.e. Ruaidhri, was apprehended by Toirdhealbhach Ua 
Conchobhair, in violation of laics and clerics. A hosting 
by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, and by the men of Mumhain, 
into Connacht, and they cut down the Ruadh-bheitheach, 4 

* Ruadh-bheitheach ; i.e. the Red I of the chiefs of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne. 
Birch ; probably the inauguration tree | See under the year 1129, supra. 



cnotncum sco^omim. 

poptea peuenpi punt; cen cfieic cen car. 
. THaoilpeacluinn, aip.T> 111 TThT>e con a popxuaraiB T>O 
la "Coinpi-oealljac .tl. Concafiaip. pop, pna-oa-b 
ocup commaifigeT) na hOfienn. Hi^e TniT>e T>O 
7>o 'Coinp/DealBac T)ia mac -pen .1. T>O Condabhccft 
Cenel Ooam -DO |a!5ait -otl ^ai|imleaDai|, ocup 
TTHC "Nell DO lonnajiba. TTlac|iaiT:h .H. paillecain, 
6pfcop et: uipso, quieuir. 'gioUa CCon^upa .n. Cluman, 
otlom Connachca, mop^uuf epr. 

]ct. 6nai|i -poyi Sacuyin-o, ocup ryiep .ncx. ptnfc|ii, ocup 
"bbaDam bipexa. "CaT>c mac 'Coifo^'Deal^ais .h. Con- 
cabhaip,, mo^uup epc. ConcaEafi mac ( CoiyipT)ealBai 
.n. ConcaBaifi, fufi;T>amna 6|ienn, er; p.i TTli'De -pfiia fie 
lev BliaT>na, T)0 map.Ba'D la .H. T)uiblaic, la fd "Peafi 
'Culac, ocup pda RuaiT>p.i .M. 8eancan. "Domnall .h. 
Compiacla p.i 'CeacBa, cuile ponupa ocup pai-objnopa 
, in clepicacu uiram pebci^ep. pmuic 1 cCluam 
CeapBall .h. pmnallan, p.i T)ealbna moipe 
T)o eacc. "Domnall mac rmc ^an>5 .h. Ceallui, T>O 
T>O cp,i macuibh mic mic Concabaip, .h. 
; m rpeap mac T)ibpiT)e T>O eucc 1 cCluam 
[muc "Moip], lap. na ^um hi pfiipcannifi, er T>a mac 
01 le "DO ^uicim la TDuinrep, 'Ca-ogan. 5 10 ^ a pd-opais 
TTlac Congail, peap, le^uro Cluana, 1op,aip.T), ocup a 
pasapx, quieuic. Cionao'5 mac tTlic CCmalsaTia a puip 
occipup epc. 'Donnca'D mac TTlic Capraig aeippiog- 
Tjomna ITluman, T>O eu^ a ^emil 05 'Gaip/oealBac Ua 
bp,iam. 'Donnca'5 mac 'Gai-og Ua TTlailjiuanui^, mop,- 
ruup epc. 

]cb Gnaip, pop tuan, ocup .1111. uarhat* puippe. CCp/o 
mop. ipm bliatiam pi. pin. TTli'De T>O 

1 Caisel; i.e. a stone-fort, stone- wall, 
or maceria. 

2 Gairmkadhaigh. '5atm|vea i Dai5 ) 

1 The son* of Niall The Four 
Mast, say " Muircheartach, son of 
N lull Mac Locblaiun." 

* Chief, aeifl, A.; probably a mis- 
take for ctifVD, or ctfvo, lit. " high." 

6 The depths of Breifne. The 
meaning is, doubtless, that the men 
of Breifne retired into the fastnesses 
of their territory for protection. 


and demolished its caisel ; l and they afterwards returned A.D. 
without plunder or battle. Murchadh Ua Maeilsechlainn, 
chief King of Midhe, with its Fortuatha, was taken 
prisoner by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, while under 
the protection of the relics and guarantees of Erinn. The 
sovereignty of Midhe was given by Toirdhealbhach to his 
own son, i.e. to Conchobhar. The sovereignty of Cinel 
Eoghain was assumed by Ua Gairmleadhaigh, 2 and he 
expelled the sons of Niall. 3 Macraith Ua Faillechain, a 
Bishop and Virgin, quievit. Gilla-Aenghusa Ua Clumh- 
ain, chief poet of Connacht, mortuus est. 

Kal. of January on Saturday, the 23rd of the moon ; 
and a bissextile year. Tadhg, son of Toirdhealbhach 
Ua Conchobhair, mortuus est. Conchobhar, son of 
Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, Royal heir of Erinn, 
and King of Midhe during the space of half a year, was 
killed by Ua Dubhlaigh, King of Feara-Tulach, and by 
Ruaidhri Ua Seanchain. Domhnall Ua Coinfiacla, King 
of Teathbha, flood of the prosperity and riches of 
Erinn, in clericatu vitam feliciter finivit in Cluain-Iraird. 
Cearbhall Ua Finnallan, King of Dealbhna-m6r, died. 
Domhnall, grandson of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, was killed by 
the three sons of the grandson of Conchobhar Ua Ceal- 
laigh. The third son of them died in Cluain[-muc-Nois], 
after being mortally wounded in an engagement, and the 
two other sons fell by Muinter-Tadhgain. Gillapadraig 
Mac Conghail, lector of Cluain-Iraird, and its priest, 
quievit. Cinaedh, son of Mac Amhalghadha, was slain 
by his own people. Donnchadh, son of Mac Carthaigh, 
chief 4 Royal heir of Mumhain, died while detained in 
captivity by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain. Donnchadh, son 
of Tadhg Ua Maeilruanaidh, mortuus est. 

KaL of January on Monday, the 4th of the moon. A [1145.] 
great, mighty war in this year. The men of Midhe went 
into Laighen, and the men of Breifne went into the depths 
of Breifne, 5 and the Airghialla went northwards across 


CRomcum sco'conum. 

ocup pip bpepne T>O eacc 1 ppu-oomun na 
bpepne, ocup CCip5ialla T>O react: cap SbaB puaiT> po 
ruai%. Cpeacha-o la TTlupca'o Ha TYlaoilpeaclamn 1 
nCCips;iallaiB, 50 txap-o na bu o Cuailnge. Pp TTluinan 
1 cConnacca, 50 pu^pa-o 'Ga-bs Ceallai leo, p,i| O 
TTlaine, ocup 50 po mapftpa-o Uuai-D|ii plai 
1TlaiTTn T)uine*Out5ain yua Tnaotfeclainn mac 
Ui TTlaoitfeclainn, [ocuf] |iia CaifipfuB 

, ubi -ccc. ceciT>efiunt;, uel ampbuf, unmo 
Ua Connacrai, ocu? immo [mac] Carail Ua 
Cacluam, ocu^ im .h. Cubjian. pionn .1). CeyiBaill 
|no5T)omTia Qle occifUf eye. "Dorm tla TTlannacan, 
Hi Ua mbfiium na Sionna, ocuf'D Ua TTlaoil- 
bn,enumn, eaoifioc clomne ConcalSaip., ocf a Ben, 7>o 
cumm la .h. bynum bjiepne 1 nammuf lon^pui^t:. 
TTlun.caT> TYlaoilfeclainn, 50 -ppep-tuB 1TliT)e ocuf 
"CearBa ocuf Conmaicne, T)O iompOT> a^i 'Caiyi'oealbac 
Ua cConcabaip, ocuf 'Cain.Ttealbac bp,iain T>O fiic^ 
T>6ib. TaD^ Ua bp.iam T)O iofia15ail la 
.h. mbniam hi ranaifi. ^ 1 ^ 1 6pf c P UntntM^ 
^iolla Camni5 .n. Luanaim mofiruuf efe. 

]ct. Gnaip. -pon. maiyic, ocuf .xu. puifiyie. la 
/ CaiyiT>ealt5ac cConcaBaip, 1 c'CearBa, 50 |io aifi^ 
T>n.em T>O TDuinnp, TTlaoil-pionna. pop,pa5aiBfiom T>no 
pocaiDe Tua mumnn, 05 CC tuam, eT)in. BODO-D ocuf 
la piojia "Ceacba. TnaiTm TTIai^e buaipn^e 
bfie pop. ^ullti CCra cliar, ocuf pop. "opem 
DO Lai^niB, ubi [ceci-cep-unr] .cc. er .OKCGCU. im Ra^nall 
mac "Cupcaill pi ^all. Copmac .1). Carapai^, 
eppcop tai^en, ocup comopba bpi^-oe ppia pe, 

i At Ath-Luain. The battle here 
referred to is called "maiT>m na 
cleci," "the victor}' of the cliath," 
in a marg. note by the scribe. The 
word cliath, gen. clethi, means a beam, 
and also a hurdle. It seems to have 

been the beam of the bridge at Ath- 
lone, as the continuator of Tighernach 
(1145) says that "the cliath of the 
bridge fell" under the Connachtinen, 
on the occasion of the battle. 



SHabh Fuaid. A preying expedition by Murchadh Ua A.D. 
Maeilseehlainn into Airghialla, so that he brought the cows r\^ -\ 
from Cuailgne. The men of Mumhain went into Connacht, 
and they carried off with them Tadhg O'Ceallaigh, King 
of Ui Maine, and killed Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh. 
The victory of Dun-Dubhain was gained by Maelsech- 
lainn, son of Murchadh Ua Maeilseehlainn, [and] by the 
Cairbre, over the men of Breifne, in which battle 300, or 
more, fell together with Serrach Ua Connachtaigh, and 
with [the son] of Cathal Ua Cathluain, and with Ua 
Cubhrain. Finn Ua Cerbhaill, Royal heir of Ele, occisus 
est. Donn Ua Mannachan, King of Ui-Briuin-na-Sinna, 
and Murchadh Ua Maeilbhrenainn, chief of Clann-Con- 
chobhair, and his wife, fell by the Ui-Briuin-Breifne, in a 
camp assault. Murchadh Ua Maeilseehlainn, with the 
men of Midhe and Teathbha, and the Conmaicne, turned 
against Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair ; and Toirdheal- 
bhach Ua Briain was made King by them. Tadhg Ua 
Briain was taken prisoner by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, 
a second time. Gille, Bishop of Luimnech, quievit. 
Gillacainnigh Ua Luanaim mortuus est. 

Kal. of January on Tuesday, the 15th of the moon. [H46.] 
A preying expedition by Toirdhealbhach 0' Conchobhair, 
into Teathbha, and he plundered a number of Muinter- 
Maeilshinna. He, however, lost a multitude of his 
people at Ath-Luain, 1 who were either drowned or killed 
by the men of Teathbha. The victory of Magh-Buaigh- 
nighe was gained by the men of the South of Bregh, 
over the Foreigners of Ath-cliath and a number of the 
Lagenians, where 235 fell, along with Raghnall Mac 
Turcaill, King 2 of the Foreigners. Cormac Ua Catha- 
saigh, Archbishop of Laighen, and comarb of Brigid 
during his time, quievit. Domhnall Ua Brain, 3 King of 

8 King. Raghnall is called " mor- 
maer," i.e. "great steward," in the 
Ann. Four Mast. 

* Ua Brain; i.e. O'Breen. The 
Four Mast, write the name "Ua 

CROMicum sco^otuim. 

Domnall .h. bpain, Ri bpe|mame, mopirup. i 
pa-opais mac "Donnca-ba .n. 5illepa7)pai;, Ri 
T>O mapba-5 T>O macaib' Con|alai5 Ui Ofiaonditi 1 cCill 
Cainm^. Ceallac Ceatlai^, pi bpea|, ocapup eps 6 
[p]laiBeapt;ac .tl. Carapai, ocup 6 ^atluiB CCa cliar. 
Ulag nCCoi -DO lon-ofica) T>O 'Ci^eyinan .n. Rucnfic, ocuf 
"Dun 1mjan -DO lon;cn>, ocuf recmc pop, toch Lon^a 
ocup apaite 7>o lonn^aib Conachc TO lofcuT* T>oiB, ocuf 
dp, T>aine innB. ^iotla na naotri, mac mic ConmeaTia 
.h. Lae^acan, T)O cuiuim "DO laiA a T>eapbpaap peppm 
.1. "Domnatl, ocup ConmeaT>a a mac quieuiu. 

]ct. Gnaip -pop ceuT>aom, ocup .xoctn. puippe. ^iolta 
TTloconna .1. .tl. Cacail, pi .1l. pacpac CCiTme, -DO map- 
BaT)h T)O mac mic "Oomnaitl 11 1 Concabhaip. TTlai'Dm 
CCca Luam -pop T)omnalt mac Txnpp-DealBai^ ocup pop 
U mame, pia pepaib Terba, -DU 1 T^opcap mac mic 
CCmal5aT>a mic [p]lamT), ec aln cum eo. TTleap 
mop ipin bliat>ainpi, enp cno meap ocup coprmeap. 
Coimaonot mop ploi^e-D lap na CpipcaigiB 50 hlepu- 
patem T>O ionnapbaT> neapc 1u -00156. 

]ct. - Gnaip pop T>apT)aoin ocup .un. uarha'D puippi, 
ocup bliaTjam bipexa. 'dseapnan .h. Ruaipc "DO buala-o 
6 THuint;ep CCn^aite. ComT:ionot Seanai^ 05 Imp 
Parpai5 oc T>pem T>eapcopuib na hGpenn im TTlael- 
maeT>oic .n. Tnopgaip, im comopba paT>puis, ocup im 
Oppcopaib aiti 50 po cinnpioc apoile -DO piaUnB anu 
THaelmoeT)oic 'can T>O ceacc apinT) [p]enuT> pm T>O 
accallaim comapba peT>aip. Cpeac la 'Coipp'oealbac 
.fl. ConcaBaip 1 naiprep 1TliT>e ^up aip^ -opem T>O 
1Tluim:ip tae^acham. "Oaipmeap mop ipm Blia-bam pi. 

1 They ; i.e. the forces of Tighernan 
Ua Ruairc. 

2 Bit son, gvievit. The text has 
"a mac ail*,' 1 " his other son." But 

the word aita is probably a mistake 

for " qe," or " cpneuic," as in the 

continuatiou of Tighernach, at the 
year 1146. For quieuic the Four 

Masters have -065, "died." The 
name "Cumeda" is written "Con- 
meada," the gen. form, in the text. 

8 The Jews. The second crusade is 
evidently intended. In the middle 
ages the Jews were often confounded 
with the Mahometans. 

4 Muinter-Anghaile. TTluincep, 



Breghmhaine, moritur. Gillapadraig, son of Donnchadh 
Ua Gillapadraig, King of Osraighe, was slain by the sons 
of Conghalach Ua Braenain, in Cill-Chainnigh. Ceallach 
O'Ceallaigh, King of Bregh, was slain by [Fjlaithbhertach 
Ua Cathasaigh, and by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath. 
Magh-nAei was ravaged by Tighernan Ua Ruairc, and 
Dun-Imghan was burned; and they 1 went upon Loch 
Longa, and burned some of the ships of Connacht, in 
which a slaughter of people was committed. Gilla-na- 
naemh, grandson of Cumedha Ua Laeghachain, fell by the 
hand of his own brother, viz., Domhnall ; and Cumedha, 
his son, quievit. 2 

Kal. of January on Wednesday, and the 26th of the 
moon. Gillamochonna, i.e. Ua Cathail, King of Ui- 
Fiachrach-Aidhne, was killed by the grandson of Domh- 
nall Ua Conchobhair. The victory of Ath-Luain was 
gained over Domhnall, son of Toirdhealbhach, and over 
the Ui Maine, by the men of Teathbha, where the grand- 
son of Amhalghaidh, son of [F]lann, was slain, and others 
with him. Great produce of fruit in this year, both nut 
crop and acorn crop. A great army was collected by the 
Christians to Jerusalem, to extirpate the power of the Jews. 3 
Kal of January on Thursday, and the 7th of the 
moon, and a bissextile year. Tighernan Ua Ruairc was 
struck by Muinter-Anghaile. 4 A synod was assembled 
at Inis-Padraig by a number of the Bishops of Erinn, 
along with Maelmaedhoig Ua Morgair, comarb of Patrick, 
and several Bishops ; and they decided on various regula- 
tions there. Maelmaedhoig, moreover, proceeded from 
that synod to confer with the comarb of Peter. A 
preying expedition by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, 
into the East of Midhe, and he plundered a division of 
Muinter-Laeghachain. A great oak crop this year. 
Otir, King of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, was slain, 


A. "Muinter-Anghaile" 
was the tribe- name of the Ui-Fer- 

ghaile, or O'Farrells, who were seated 
in the present county of Longford. 


CROtiicum scotxmum. 

pi 'frail CCca cbcrc T>O Tiiafibcro rpia meabal *oo 
macaib TTlic 'GupccalL TTHnpiT>ac Smnac, Hi 'Cecba, 
mopcuup epe. Sirpiucc .Tl. bpam pi bpesmaine, 7)0 
rtneim la mac Con^alaif; .Tl. bpam, tpia pion|;ail. 
TTlac peapgail .Tl. ITlaolmuai'o, pi eap Ceatl, occipup 
epr; o CCib paean. tnaolmae-DOic .R. TTIoia^aifi CCfichi- 
epifcopuf er; uifi^o ei: fcjnba, capuc |ieb5iotnf rot;iuf 
hibefimae, er; CCtbamae, ec le^acuf CCpofcolici Inno- 
cent, ocuf pean. fio atmtn^ mancme ocuf canonac 
ina^utla hecailfi nGyienn, uiT:am -pelicire|i ueyimmauiT: 
hi Ctap-butt 1C COCT: T>O a^aUarri comajiba pearaiyi. 

]ct Bnaip, pop. Sat;htip.n, Lunae .xum., ocuf cer; bba- 
oain bifech paip ''o ocup foi|nen T>O T;iact:ain 1 
nGnaip, ^up, ^aB an ceni 1 muBap Ciapam coniT> cpe 
neapr; T>oeine po baifie'5, ocup 50 po mapba^ rpi caoipi 
.oc. ap ceT> -pon muBap. TTluipceap^ac .H. TDaelmocop^i, 
Oppcop .h. mbpium bpepne, quieun:. 5 10 ^ a paT>pui5 
.h. CCilcmne-D, Gppcop Cluana -peapca bpeunamn, 
quieuic. Laoi^pioc .n. TTIop-oa, pi taoi^pi, mopruup epc. 
ConcuBap mac mic Coclam, lee pi "DealBna berpa, 
mopicup. Sluaigea^ laTTUnpceapeac mac "Mell mic mic 
Loclamt) co Conall ocup co nCo^an, ocup co nOippalluib, 
i nlllcait!), 50 po mpeapcap tlllca eiT>ep cealla ocup 
cuaua. 'Cus T>an bpai^e lep lapixam. Ceallacdn 
mac mic Cappeai^ mopeuup epu. Sluai^ea-D la mac 
mic LoclamT) 50 pu^ bpai^oe 'Ci^epnctm .h. Ruaip^, 
ocup bpaiT)e TTlupcai'D .M. TTlaileclamn, ocup bpaiT)i 
Conmaicne ocup peap 'Cearba, lep -non cup pm. Call- 
uile Ttap^am 6 Siol Ronan, ocup a monnapba 

the old Irish churches to plant some 
memorial tree, generally a yew, near 
each. See Dr. Petrie's remarks on 
the subject, Round Towers, Transac- 
tions of the Royal Irish Academy, 
vol. xx., p. 65. 

4 Bishop of Ui-Briuin-Breifne. This 
appears to be the first mention in the 
Annals of a Bishop of Ui-Briuin- 

1 Ua Morgair. .tl. IT) 011500^1, 
" Ua Mongair," A. 

* Scribe, pciba, A. 

8 Tew tree of Ciaran. This was a 
celebrated yew which stood near the 
church of Cluain-muc-Nois, and was 
planted by St. Ciaran, who founded 
the establishment. It seems to have 
been the practice of the founders of 



through treachery, by the sons of Mac Turcaill. Muiredh- 
ach Sinnach, King of Teathbha, mortuus est. Sitric 
Ua Brain, King of Breghmhaine, fell by the son of Con- 
galach Ua Brain, through fratricide. The son of Fergal 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, King of Feara-Ceall, was slain by the 
Ui-B-acan. Maelmaedhoig Ua Morgair, 1 Archbishop, and 
virgin, and scribe, 2 head of the religion of all Hibernia 
and Alba, and Legate of the Apostolic Innocent, and the 
man who restored the Monastic and Canonical rules of 
the Church of Erinn, ended his life happily in Clairvaux, 
when going to confer with the comarb of Peter. 

Kal. of January on Saturday, the 18th of the moon ; 
and the first year after a bissextile year. Thunder and 
lightning came in January, and the lightning took effect 
on the yew tree of Ciaran, 3 so that it was through the 
power of men it was extinguished ; and it killed 113 
sheep under the yew. Muircheafrtach Ua Maeilmocherghi, 
Bishop of Ui-Briuin-Breifne, 4 quievit. Gillapadraig Ua 
Ailchinnedh, Bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit. 
Laeighsech Ua Mordha, King of Laeighis, mortuus est. 
Conchobhar, son of Mac Cochlain, half-King of Dealbhna- 
Bethra, moritur. A hosting by Muircertach, son of Niall, 
son of Mac Lochlainn, with the Cinel Conaill, and Cinel 
Eoghain, and Airghialla, into Uladh, and he plundered 
Uladh, both churches and territories. He also carried off 
hostages afterwards. Ceallachan, son of Mac Carthaigh, 
mortuus est. A hosting by the son of Mac Lochlainn, and 
he carried off the hostages of Tighernan Ua Ruairc, and the 
hostages of Murchadh Ua Maeilechlainn, and the hostages 
of the Conmaicne, and of the men of Teathbha, on that 
expedition. Calraighe was altogether plundered by the 
Sil-Ronain, and they 5 were all expelled into Connacht, in 



Breifne, a district which is now re- 
presented by the diocese of Kilmore. 
See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
p. 226. 

8 They; i.e. the Calraighe, or inha- 
bitants of the district of Calraighe- 
an-Chaladh, anglice Calry, in the co. 
of Westmeath. 


uile 1 cConnachca, 1 ccionaiT> iolla tltrcm true rfiic 
^ctfisamna T 10 tnafibfcrc. 

]ct. Gnaip, poia "Oomnach, lunae .xxix. CCn 
claon .h. CiafVDa, |\i Caifibfie, -DO cuinm la .t). 
Congalac .tl. bfiain, [Hi] Oiiea^mame, no mayiba'D T>O 
TtiuinT:e|i Cereyinai 1 ppitl 1 n^ap^a na 
cCluam mucc Moif. TTlui|ieaT)ac .h. *0ubcai, 

, ec caput: jieligionip, uicam 
:. TTlui|ieaT)ac 


revenge for Gilla-Ultain, son of Mac Gargamhna, whom AD 
they had slain. 

Kal. of January on Sunday, the 29th of the moon. The 
Gillaclaen Ua Ciardha, King of Cairbre, fell by Ua Faelain. 
Congalach Ua Brain, [King] of Breghmhaine, was killed 
by Muinter-Cethernaigh, in treachery, in Gardha-na-gamh- 
naighe, at Cluain-muc-Nois. Muiredhach Ua Dubhthaigh, 
Archbishop, and head of religion, ended his life happily. 


NOTE. -The figures indicate the pages of the work in which the words explained occur. 

CCifichinnech (airchinnech), angli- 
cised "Erenach" and "Herenach." 
The word is explained uafxxl 
checoro (uasal cheand), i.e. "supe- 
rior head," in Cormac's Glossary. 
In the Annal. Ulster the word is 
represented by " Princeps." (See 
Dr. Reeves's observations on the 
word; Adamnan, p. 364, and Col- 
ton, p. 4; and also supra, Introd. 
p. liii) ; passim. 

CCllfi (allsi), a gangrene, 48. 

CCtcfiu (altru) or alqfict,=Lat. altor, 
a fosterer, 300. 

CCtichaficco (ancharadh). See p. 258, 
n. 3 . 

CCnhepntur (anhegmuis), without 
including, or besides; lit. in the 
absence of, 318. 

CCntnchccfia(anmchara) "soul-friend;" 
passim. " Anmchara is a com- 
pound loan word from animce 
cams, and is that which is com- 
monly used to denote a 'confessor.' 
In old Latin lives of the Irish 
saints it is generally rendered 
'pater confessionis,' or 'pater con- 
fessarius.' Colgan explains it by 
synedrus." Reeves on the Culdees, 

Transactt. Roy. Irish Acad., vol. 
xxiv., pt. II., p. 206, n. 

CCn caiTTp,iut> (an tainriud) for inc 
pain|iiUT), particularly, 226. 

CCfiguc (argut), for onfi^er;, = Lat. 
argentum, silver, 318. 

CCfcccti; (ascalt), a famine^ apparent- 
ly comp. of of, or eccf , a negative 
part., and cote (=Lat. cultus?), 
food; 214. 

(atagar), is invoked, 122. 
(ateisc), a stamp, or engrav- 
ing, according to Connell Mageo- 
ghegan, who translates it so in his 
version of the Annals of Clonmac- 
nois, at the year A.D. 1129; 328. 

CCtfiuccccD, for otftujccD (athru- 
ghadh), to appear, 286. 

(attrochair). See icc- 

baojccl (baoghal), danger; also the 

state of being exposed to danger ; 

Oermcobcc^ (benncobhar), the coni- 

cal cap of a round tower. See p. 

315, n. 9 . 
byioc (brot), for bftuic, pi. of bficrc, 

a garment, 260. 



Cabac (cabach), exaction, 226. 

Cain (cain,) a tribute, or law; passim. 

Cccifel (caisel), a stone fort, stone 
wall, or maceria. Passim. In Cor- 
mac's Glossary the word is stated 
to be derived from casula, or com- 
pounded of the words cif ail, i.e. 
" tribute rock," so called "from the 
tributes which the men of Erinn 
were wont to bring to that place 

Caoi5cit>if (caoigcidhis), a fortnight, 

Caoimti (caoimthi), companions, 2 50. 

Cotcoje, recte cacaige (cataighe), 
gen. of corccch, a covenant, 336. 

Cocfiaoine'6 (cath-raoinedh), a defeat; 
lit. a battle-breach ; passim. 

CeDU (cedu), notwithstanding, 68. 

Ceitefin (ceithern), a band, or com- 
pany, 306. 

Ceufotnain (cetsomain), May, pro- 
perly the 1st of May; 4. See Cor- 
mac's Glossary, in voc. 

Clap, (clar), a plank bridge; lit. a 
board, or plank, 320. 

Clafac (clasach), the groove in a 
two-edged sword; from claf, a 
furrow, or trench, 308. 

CoinntneT) (coinnmed), refection, bil- 
letting; passim. 

Comaitc (comailt), grinding,, 92. 

Comafiba (comarba, or comarb) ; 
passim. See Introd., p. liii. 

Comofiba. See comafiba. 

Concosefit (concogert), for con-co- 
ceafircro, a judgment, 36. 

Cotroacefaificc (condatesaircc), for 
conT>o-T>a-efaificc, the 3rd pers. 
sing. pret. indie, of the verb 

efaificc, to protect, or rescue, 
with the infixed pron. pi. ta, 10. 

Connive (conuige), as far as; passim. 

Coficutieachca (coraidheachta), sup- 
plications, 90. 

Cofitrheaf (corthmheas, pron. cor- 
vas), explained "acorns," or acorn 
crop, by O'Curry. (See Census 
of Ireland, 1851, Part V., table i., 
p. 73), 344. 

Co f e (co se), hitherto ; passim. 

Cficrobcro (cradbad), or qiabcro, de- 
votion, 196. 

CuiDin (cuidin), a plate; = Lat. 
catinus; 328. 

Cumcofice, for comctiftce (comairce), 
protection, supposed to be com- 
pounded of com = Lat. com, and 
orifice, from Lat. arceo ; passim. 

(cumgabhail), for com- 
taking, or lifting, 150. 

Cfiec (crech), a preying party, 248. 

Cjiim (crim), for cfieam, wild garlic, 

Cftitrjaift (crith-ghair), great terror; 
lit. tremble-shout; from qrut, a 
trembling, and 501 ft, a shout, 320. 

Cfioti^e (crolighe), agonies ; lit. 
"gore-bed," from cfio, gore, and 
lige, a bed ; passim. 

"0 aim 1105 (Daimliag), a stone 

church; passim. 
"Oaifimea'p (dairmeas), an oak crop, 

from t>aifi, " oak," and meaf , 

" produce," 344. 
*0aip (daip), for -oaib, or t>oib, " for 

them;" passim. 

, for -DO afi^am (do argain), 

to plunder. 


*0efi5<xbail (dergabhail), for -DO ep,- 
, to capture ; passim. 
(desgor), for -DO efgofi, to 

fall, or be thrown [from a horse], 

"Opeficam (dfertain), for -DO ^efitain, 

to be shed ; passim. 
*Oia (dia), two, 206. 
"Oit-pe (dilse), perpetuity, 302. 
*OniTificcT> (dinnrad), for t>o intifuxT), 

to plunder ; passim. 
"Oomtiaj. See -00111111(15. 
"OofibuT> (dorbud), for -DO pofibtiT), 

to finish, 322. 
"Otnnibcro (duinibad), mortality ; 


T)utntio5. See -Camillas- 
"Oufiinofi (durmor), for -DO ufimofi, 

of the greater part, 320. 

Oneclafi (eneclar). See p. 245, n. 5 . 
CniT) (enid), interj. behold ! (from 

Lat. en /), 68. 
Ofiail (erail), or Ufiait, a request, 

desire, command, 262. 
Cfvoamh (erdamh, pron. erdav). See 

p. 133, n. 7 . 

m (ergnamh), a feast, 230. 
(ermor), for tifimop, the 

greater part, 306. 
Cficec (ertech), protection, guaran- 

tee, 244. 

Po^bai-Dfit; (fagbaidhsit), for po- 
5abaiT>-<poc, "they find," 298. 

Pecc (fecht), a time, or occasion ; also 
an expedition, 326. 

Tpe'DmaTina (fedhmanna), burthens, 

a (ferna), pi. of efienn, a gar- 
ter, or girdle, 42. 

, f or pj T)omun (depth), 

(figsit), or yio psf 
fought, 12. 

cfieaf (focreas), for -po 
3rd pers. sing. pres. indie, of the 
verb cuifiim, I put, or place; but 
apparently used also in the pass, 
sense, 14. 

rofit! aij\ (fodruair), caused; = po- 
-oo-fio-uaifi, from the rad. uayi, 

yibaif (forbais), a siege ; also an 
attack, or invasion, 308. 
fibfup f ic (forbrissit), for pofibaifi- 
fic, 3rd pei-s. pi. pret. indie, of 
the verb -pojibaifi, to multiply, 
increase, 4. 

fipct^aibf om = fx> - fio - pagaib - 
pom (fo-ro-fagaib-siom) ; " he 
lost;" lit. "he left," 342. 
jiqaaib (fortraibh), shall have, or 
receive, 36. (This word seems 
corrupt. Qy. ^oyicyiaib, for pai|\- 
co-|\aib, " on him may be" 1) 

(foruagair), for po-fto- 
, 3rd pers. sing. pret. 
indie, of the verb |x5fiat>, to 
proclaim, 226. 

(frithghiiin), heat of bat- 
tle, or properly counter-wounding, 
from jii, or pjudi, contra, and 
, wounding ; passim. 

(frithscanuir), a con- 
flict, or engagement ; compounded 
of fiit, against, and f cannifi, or 
fcamT)e|i, a skirmish, or engage- 
2 A 



ment, 340. An attack against a 
fortress is sometimes called a 
scannir in the Irish Annals, and 
therefore it is possible that the 
word may be borrowed from the 
Lat. scando. 

^eocccch (geocach). See p. 312, .. 3 . 

^OTiTiuaif) (gonduaidh), "he ate," 286. 
The word is probably compounded 
of the compos, part. 5011 or con, 
-on = -DO, a verb, part., and cot) = 
Lat. edo 1 ? 

<5ut)iT)ifi (gubidir), a confession, or 
declaration, 328. In the parallel 
passage in the Annals of the Four 
Masters (1130), the word used is 
coibfencc (coibsena), confession. 

(iarmerge), nocturns, 282. 
The meaning of the word js fixed 
by a passage in the "Navigation of 
Maelduin " (Leabhar no, K Uidhri, 
MS. K. I. Acad., fol. 31, bb) : 
"TneT>on 017)61 .... ttn-o 
CCilitl "DOTI citt, ; if e qfiatf on T>O 
oeocaiT) in caiU^c T>O beim cttnj; 
DO lafunefigi ;" i.e. "at midnight 
Ailill went to the 
church, and this was the time 
when the nun went to ring the 
bell for nocturns." 

lajxtccnn (iarttain), for iayirain, 
afterwards ; passim. 

ImbecocHfv (imbecdair), for immech- 
raifi, an edge, or border, 160. 

Imejiuaine (imertaine), droves of 
cattle, 316. 

1miTiop,atra (immoralta), for immo- 
^o-lora, "through which were 
fought," 28. 

Imficro (imrad), for inifiairiaiT), 3rd 
pers. pi. pret. indie, of the verb 
ficniicco, to row, with the inten- 
sive part, im prefixed, 10. Cf. 
Lat. remw. 

Ifimofi, for ufiinofi (urmor), the 
most part ; passim. 

lucfioca^ (ittrochar), for ccqaochccifi, 

, fell, 28. 

or ox 

Lee ccisfii'o (lee aigrid), ice ; passim. 

Lee e^cc (lee ega), ice; passim. 

Lif ai^eT) (lis aiged), a house of 
hospitality, from tif , a house, or 
habitation, and 0:156*0, or oiget), a 
guest, or traveller ; passim. 

LoiTD^alach (londgalach), of fierce 
valour, 182. 

nflcroa (mada), a stick; also used to 
signify a staff, or crozier, 296. 

TTlebfaiTi (mebsain), a defeating; a 
verb, subst. from meabcro (mea- 
bad), to defeat; lit. to break, 272. 

TTlefile (merle), theft ; 1 mefile, by 
stealth, 242. 

TTloT>ai5 (modaig), quoad, 42. 

tlcmccimi'o (nanaithnidh), for anait- 

TUT), unknown, unprecedented, 270. 
"Meintni (nemthni), for nemm, no- 

thing, 334. 
HibT>afi (nibdar), for m baDap, 

"they were not," 132. 
Homcroa (nomada), pi. of nomaiT). 

In the Annals of Loch Ce, at the 

year 1093, Queen Margaret of 
Scotland is stated to have died at 
the end of three nomada after the 
death of King Malcolm. "Moment), 


Sunday after Trinity. See p. 152, 
n. l . 

(samhtrusg), a plague, 

therefore, seems to signify a day 
and night, and not an ennead of 
time, as stated supra, p. 10, n. 

(Tlo)ofu;oxcafi (ro-ortattar), 3rd pers. 
pi. pret. indie, of the verb, ofitcro, 
to destroy; passim. 

Pfiocecc (procect), a precept, 126. 

ttccb (rab), for fio bo, erat, 286. 
Rcciffic (raissit), for fiaiT>fic, they 
rowed, 10. See 

Tlatferc (ralsat), for jio locfctc, "they 

inflicted," 150. 

Tli-oaniTiajOr pjg'oaTnTia (righdamna), 
a person eligible for the office of 
king ; lit. " materies regis ;" from 
fii, a king, and Damna, materies; 

Rifum (risum), for jioicfum, 1st 
pers. pi. fut. condit. of the verb 
fioicim, I reach, 10. go 
until we reach. 

(rittaigecht), for 
, rebelling ; lit. " coming 
against," 150. 

obccqn (robtar), for fio boxcc^, 
"they were," 132. 

(rodgeghuin), jio--o-5e- 
, "that wounded him," 104. 
RoT>nefij:;aib (rodnergaibh). See p. 
266, n. 6 . 

i, he wounded, 122. 

Satnh chctfs (samh chasg), the fifth 


ScanTDjiecha (scaindrecha), ace. plur. 
of fcainnip,; passim. See 

Sece (seche), a hide, 244. 

Secnccb Csechnab), vice-abbot; passim. 

Secnopore (sechnopote), for fee fia- 

baiT), or -pec nab-oaine, vice-abbacy, 

Ssutnu (sgumu), the lights of ani- 

mals, 160. 
Soai-o (soaid), or ^ oairc (soaitt), they 

turn, or return, 324. 
Soif (sois), for -poi-Di-p, 3rd pers. sing. 

pres. indie, of the verb foca>, to 

return, 320. 

(tairligsit), for do-air- 
leig-set, "they let fall," 280. 

(tairnic), for T>O ai|inic, he 
met, or found, 6. 

nastar), succeeded, 6, 8. 
(tarrad), to overtake, to 
meet; passim. 
"Cec naefoheT) (tech naeidhed), a 

house of entertainment ; passim. 
'Cefccc, or cefca (tescha), gen. of 

tref ac, heat, 302. 

Cene gelam (tene gelain), lightning; 
passim. The name is now usually 
applied to the exhalation known 
as the " Will o' the wisp." 
Cocomla, or cocumtuiT) (tocumluid), 
for T)o cotn-tuiT), 3rd pers. sing. 
pret. ind. of the verb 
go, proceed, 10, 12. 

2 A 2 



(toigecht), corruptly 
written reach c (teach t), coming; 

(toirged), 3rd pers. sing, 
pret. subj. of the verb coift^eT), to 
impart, offer, or deliver, 126. 
ieT>oit/ (tredoil), a flock-house, 314. 
The word should probably be 
CfieT>-poil, compounded of cyieD, 
a herd, or flock, and pDil, a stable, 
or stye, the p of JXH t being aspi- 
rated, and therefore not pro- 

nounced. The word muqpoil 
(pron. mucoil), which is glossed 
" hara," or pigstye, in a very an- 
cient MS. quoted by Zeuss, Gram. 
Celt., vol. i., p. 198, is similarly 
formed, viz., from muc, a pig, and 
foil, a stye. 

tmfiscnb cenn (tuargaib cenn), ap- 
peared; lit. "raised [the] head," 

U fiail. See 


NOTE. The figures refer to the pages in the work ; but some names will be found entered more 
than once in the same pago. 

Achadh-bo (Aghaboe, Queen's co.), Ab- 
bots of, 39, 11], 155, 157; plundered 
by Gentiles, 187. 

Achadh Cuinn, death of Cathbadh, Bishop 
of, 51. 

Achadh-fabhair (now Aghagower), ce. 
Mayo, 303. 

Achadh-farchadh (i.e. the "field of light- 
ning "), where Lughaidh, son of Laeg- 
haire, was killed, 37. 

Acorns, a great crop of, 345. 

Adamnan, Abbot of Hi, 79, 109, 111, 113, 
115; the shrine of, )39. 

Aedh, death of, 77. 

Aedh, Abbot of Glenn-da- locha, dies, 127. 

Aedh, Bishop of Ros-Comain, dies, 165. 

Aedh, Bishop of Treoid, dies, 243. 

Aedh, Abbot of Tir-da-glass, slain, 145. 

Aedh, anchorite of Slebhte, death of, 113. 

Aedh, King of Teabhtha, 63, 69. 

Aedh, son of Ainmire, King of Ireland, 
59,61,63, 65. 

Aedh, son of Becc, King of Teabhtha, 
213, 2)7. 

Aedh, son of Catharnach, slain, 147. 

Aedh, son of Ceallach, slain, 121. 

Aedh, son of Cennedigh, slain, 283. 

Aedh, son of Colcan, King of the Airthera, 

Aedh, son of Conchobhar, King of Con- 
nacht, slain, 171. 

Aedh, son of Dluthach, King of Fera Ciil, 
109, 111. 

Aedh, son of Echtighern, 229. 

Aedh, son of Eochagan, King of Uladh, 

Aedh, son of Flann, blinding of, 191. 

Aedh, son of Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, 
slain, 261. 

Aedh, son of Fogartach, slain, 133. 

Aedh, son of Gairbhith, King of Cairbre 
Mor and Dartraighe, slain, 211. 

Aedh, son of Maelmithidh, 195, 217. 

Aedh, son of Maelruanaidh, royal heir 
of Temhair, 21 1. 

Aedh, son of Niall Frossach, King of Ire- 
land, promulgates the "Law of Patrick," 
125 ; death of, 131. 

Aedh Airedh, King of Dal-Araidhe, slain, 

Aedh Aldan. See Aedh Uairiodhnach. 

Aedh Bendan, arch-King of Munster, 
death of, 75. 

Aedh Bethra, son of Cuirain, slain, 95. 

Aedh mBrec, King of the Irish Cruithne, 
or Picts, slain, 55. 

Aedh Cluasach, slain, 119. 

Aedh Dubh, le. " Black Hugh," King of 
Uladh, kills Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill, 
57 ; is slain. 63. 

Aedh Dubh, Abbot of Cill-dara, death of, 

Aedh Finnliath, King of Ireland, preys 
Ulidia, 153; invades and devastates 
Midhe, 157; attacks Maelsechlainn L, 
ib. ; defeats the Foreigners and Ulidians, 
and plunders Connacht, 1 59 ; made King 
of Ireland, ib. ; blinds Lorcan, King of 
Midhe, ib. ; gains the battle of Cill-Ui- 
nDaighre, 161 ; plunders Laighen, 163; 
plunders Cill Ausaille, 165; dies, 167. 

Aedh Fortamhail, son of Eoghan Bel, 
slain, 51. 

Aedh Guastan, slays Aedh Slaine, 69. 



Aedh Laighnen Ua Cernaigh, slain, 123. 

Aedh Mac Brie, Bishop, death of, 63. 

Aedh Roin, King of Ui-Failghe, 69. 

Aedh Ron, son of Maelcobha, dies, 95. 

Aedh Slaine, King of Ireland, slays 
Suibhne, King of Midhe, 67 ; is mur- 
dered, 69 ; " the sons of," 221. 

Aedh Uairiodlmach, or Aedh Aldan, King 
of Ireland, 7 1 ; death of, 73. 

Aedhacan, of Lughmhagh (Louth), dies, 

Aedhacan, King of Teabhtha, dies, 177. 

Aedhan, Abbot of Ben nchair, dies, 101. 

Aedhan, Bishop of the Saxons, dies, 91. 

Aedhan, an anchorite, death of, 73. 

Aedhan, a leper, 122, n. s . 

Aedhan, son of Gabhran, death of, 71. 

Aedhan, Abbot of llos-cre, dies, 171. 

Aedhgen Ua Mathghamna, slain, 121. 

Aedhlugh, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
death of, 93. 


Aelle, King of the Saxons, death of, 83. 

Aenach Colmain, a fair celebrated on the 
Curragh of Kildare, 204, n. *. 

Aenach-Tete (Nenagh, co. Tipperary), 
burnt, 235. 

Aendruim, or Naendruim (now Mahee 
Island, in Strangford Lough), death of 
Mochaoe of, 33 ; death of Critan of, 87, 
See Naendruim. 

Aengus, son of Algail, Superior of Domh- 
nach-Padraig, dies, 149. 

Aengus, son of Amhalgaidh, death of, 63. 

Aengus, son of Colman, 73, 77. 

Aengus, son of Colman Mor, King of 
Midhe, slain, 79. 

Aengus, son of Domhnall, slain, 91. 

Aengus (or Oengus), son of Donnchadh, 
King of Midhe, 205, 207. 

Aengus, son of Dunchadh, King of Teabh- 
tha, dies, 137. 

Aengus Cfle D4, the Festology of, 39, 
n. ". 

Aengus Liathana, defeats Maelduin, son 
of Aedh Bennan, 87. 

Aengus, '.. Mac Cnissi, Bishop of Con- 
dere, dies, 37, 

Aengus, Mac Nathfraeich, King of Mun- 
ster, slain, 31. 

Affraic, Abbess of Cill-dara, dies, 141. 

Aghaboe. See Achadh-bu. 

Aghagowcr. See Achadh-fabhair. 

Aghda, son of Dubhcenn, King of Teabh- 
tha, 222, n. i, 227. 

Agond (or Hacon?), defeated by Cerbhall, 
son of Dunghal, 149. 

Aideid, son of Laighne, 173, 175, 177. 

Aidhircech. See Inis-Adharcach. 

Aidhne (pron. Ane, a district comprising 
the present barony of Kiltartan, co. 
Galway), battles in, 41, 43; Kings of, 
127, 173, 191, 193, 203, 233, 237, 251. 
See Ui-Fiachrach- Aidhne. 

Ailbhe, St., of Imlech Ibhair (Ernly, co. 
Tipperary), death of, 45 ; death of 
Lighda, comarb of, 285. 

Ailbhe, of Senchua Ua nAililla, death of, 

Ailebra Ua Muirle, Bishop of Daimhliag, 
dies, 131. 

Ailech, or Ailech Frigreinn (now Ely, or 
Greenan-Ely, in the N.E. of the co. 
Donegal), the ancient seat of the North- 
ern Hy Neill Kings, 31 ; demolished, 
105, 203, 307; plundered, 181; Kings 
of, 157, 161, 175, 185, 215, 221, 223, 
239, 241, 243, 246, n. <*, 271, 273, 295, 
323 ; Lan, Queen of, 203. 

Ailen-an-bheithe, "the island of the 
birch," now Illanaveha, in the Shannon, 
belonging to the barony of Garrycastle, 
King's co., 333. 

Ailfin (Elphin, Roscommon co.), spoiled, 

Ailill, Abbot of Achadh-b6, dies, 155. 

Ailill, Abbot of Armagh, death of, 41, 45. 

Ailill, Bishop and Abbot of Fobhar, dies, 

Ailill, Abbot of Trian Corcaighe, slain, 

Ailill, comarb of Caemhghen (Kevin), 

Ailill, Cruitire, son of Aedh Slaine, killed, 

Ailill Flannessa, death of, 101. 



Ailill Inbhanda, King of Cormacht, slain, 

Ailill Molt. See Oilill Molt. 

Ailill, son of AedhRoin, King of Laighen, 

Ailill, son of Baedan, murder of, 75. 

Ailill, son of Ceallach, death of, 77. 

Ailill, son of Colman, King of Ui Laegh- 
aire, death of, 87. 

Ailill, son of Conall Grant, slain, 123. 

Ailill, King of the Cruithne, slain, 109. 
See Oilill. 

Ailitir, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, death 
of, 67. 

Aimergin Gluingil, son of Milidh, 15. 

Airahirgin, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui- 
Failghe, 205, 207. 

Aindiarraidh, King of Leith Cathail, slain, 

Aine (Knockany, co. Limerick), the battle 
of, 101. 

Ainmire Bocht, i.e. "Ainmire the poor," 

Ainmire, son of Senna, King of Ireland, 
47, 53, 57, 59. 

Airghialla (Oriel, or Uriel, in Ulster), the 
men of, defeat the Cinel Conaill, 225 ; 
plunder Ard-Macha, 235 ; a battle be- 
tween the Cinel Conaill and, 239; in- 
vade Munster, 317; defeated, 331; the 
territory of, ravaged by Murchadh Ua 
Maeilsechlainn, 343 ; invaded by Muir- 
certach MacLochlainn, 347 ; Kings of, 
39, 65, 105, 135, 153, 165, 169, 191, 209, 
215, 219,261, 277, 293,295. 

Airmedhach, Bishop of Ard-Macha, dies, 

Airmedhach, of Craebh, death of, 107. 

Airtech, a territory comprising the present 
parishes of Tibohine and Kilnamana, in 
the W. of the co. Roscommon, 107. 

Airthera, now the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Orior, co. Armagh, plundered by 
Conchobhar, King of Ireland, 131 ; Kings 
of, 73, 87, 113, 121. 

Airther Life, the part of the co. Kildare, 
embraced by the winding of the river 
Liffey, Kings of, 159, 189. 

Airtri, Abbot of Ard-Macha. See Artri. 

Aiteid, son of Laighne. See Aideid. 

Alba, the name of a hill in Magh Life, or 
the plain of the Liffey, 27. 

Alba (Scotland), flight of the men of, be- 
fore Bruide, lung of the Picts, 53 ; the 
islands of, plundered, 205 ; Bishops of, 
271, 283; Kings of, 53, 177,211, 215, 
219, 225, 235, 243, 271, 273, 285, 301, 

Alba, chief of the Black Gentiles, slain, 

Albdan, son of Gothfrith, slain, 197. 

Albene, now the Delvin river, the northern 
boundary of the co. of Dublin, 279. 

Allen, hill of. See Almhain, 

Almhain, now the hill of Allen, co. Kil- 
dare, battles of, 43, 121. 

Almune, son of Oswiu. See Aelfwine. 

Alps, the. See Sliabh Ealpa. 

Ambacuc, decapitation of, 49. 

Amhalgadh, or Amhalghaidh (pron. 
Awly), King of Connacht, dies, 23. 

Amhalghaidh, King of Calraighe, dies, 

Amhalghaidh, son of Cathal, King of the 
"W. of Connacht, blinded, 279. 

Amhalghaidh, comarb of Patrick, dies, 

Amhalghaidh Ua Conaing, slain, 119. 

Amhlaibh (Amlaff, Aulaf, or Olaf), son 
of the King of Lochlann, arrives in Ire- 
land, and receives the submission of the 
Foreigners and Irish, 153; defeats Ca- 
thal Finn, 155; drowns Conchobar, half- 
King of Midhe, 159; devastates Ard- 
Macha 163; returns to Ath-Cliath 
from Scotland, ib. 

Amhlaibh, son of Gothfrith, defeated by 
Muircertach, son of Niall, 201 ; dies, 

Amhlaibh, son of Ululbh, King of Alba, 
slain, 225. 

Amhlaibh, son of Imhar of Luimnech, 225. 

Amhlaibh, grandson of Irahar, slain, 175. 

Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, plunders Cill- 
dara, 215; dies, 227. 

Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, slain, 249, 



Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, taken prisoner, 

267; is slain, 271. 
Amhlaibh Cuaran, plunders Cenannus, 


Amhlaibh, of Port Lairge, slain, 335. 
Amhlaibh, King of Gaileng, 291-3. 
Ananloen, a pilgrim, 177. 
Anastasius, Pope, 33, 35. 
Anchorites, 113, 133. 
Aneslis, King of Corco-Bhaisginn, slain, 

Anfartach Ua Mescain, slays Fergus, 

King of Midhe, 75. 

Anfidh, son of Aedh, King of Uladh, de- 
feated by Aedh Finnliath, 159; slain, 

Anghi, the river Nanny Water, co. Meath, 


Aninne. See Darerca. 
Anlon, King of Aidhne, dies, 127. 
Anmchadh, Bishop of Cill-dara, 229. 
Anoroit, or Anaxaud, King of Britain, 

dies, 189. 

Antrim. See Oentraibh. 
Aporcrossan (Applecross, in Scotland), 

the church of, founded by Maelrubha, 


Applecross (in Scotland). See Aporcros- 
Ara, i.e. the island of Aran, in Gal way 

Bay, plundered by Foreigners, 293. See 

Aracul (Errigal Keeroge), Saint Daciaroc 

of, 135. 
Aradh, or Aradh-tire (now the barony of 

Arra, co. Tipperary), a battle in, 1 57 ; 

Kings of, 269, 303, 323. 
Aradha, or Ara Cliach, a tribe anciently 

seated in the E. of the co. of Limerick, 

Aradh Cliach, a district in the barony of 

Idrone, co. Carlow, 3 1 . 
Aralt, or Harold, King of the Foreigners 

of Luimnech, slain, 203. 
Aralt, son of Amhlaibh, slain, 237. 
Arann-airther (i.e. "Eastern Aran"), the 

most eastern of the Aran Islands, in 

Gal way Bay, 155. See Ara. 

Archu, royal heir of Uladh, slain, 229. 

Ard-achadh (Ardagh, co. Longford), Cele, 
Bishop of, dies, 277. See Ard-Curadh. 

Ard-achadh of Sliabh Fuaid, a place 
near Newtownhamilton, co. Armagh. 

Arda-Eolairg, the old name of a territory 
in the co. Londonderry, near Lough 
Foyle, forfeited by the Cruithne, 55. 

Ard-Brecain (Ardbraccan, co. Meath), 
Abbots of, 149; plundered, 211, 269; 
burned, 289. 

Ard-carna, co. Roscommon, death of 
Beoid, bishop of, 41. 

Ard Ciannachta (now the barony of Fer- 
rard, co. Louth), Kings of, 97, 109; a 
shower of blood in, 177. 

Ard Corrann, battle of, 81 . 

Ard-Curadh(Ard-achadh?), death of Mael, 
Bishop, at, 31. 

Ard-Finain, co. Tipperary, plundered, 

Ard-Fothaigh (in the barony of Tirhugh, 
co. Donegal), 87. 

Ardgal, comarb of Comgall and Finnen, 
dies, 223. 

Ardgal, son of Conall Crimhthann, slain, 

Ardgal, King of the Britons of Srath 
Cluaidhe, slain, 163. 

Ardgal, son of Loingsech, slain, 115. 

Ardgar, King of Uladh, 219. 

Ard-Macha (Armagh), Abbots of, 39, 41, 
45, 77, 97, 117, 125, 127, 129, 133, 135, 
137, 139, 141, 145, 151, 153, 157, 165, 
167, 171, 173, 217, 285 (see also co- 
marts of Patrick); bishops of, 109, 159, 
169, 175, 201, 213, 235, 245, 271 ; lec- 
tors of, 167, 173, 307, 339; oeconomus 
of, 161 ; tanist-abbot of, 179; a change 
of abbots at, 217, 285; Brian Bo. 
rumha's offering to the altar of, 243 ; 
devastation of, 153, 163; burned, 133, 
235, 261 ; contention at, 173 ; plun- 
dered, 139, 177, 193, 201, 205, 235, 255; 
profaned, 1 85 ; ravaged by Flann, son of 
Maelsechlainn, 169; royal meeting at, 



Ard-maelcon (Ardmulchan, near Navan, 
co. Meath), a battle at, 219. 

Ard-Sratha (Ardstraw, co. Tyrone), 
bishops of, 105, 117. 

Ard-Ui-nEchach (i.e. the Ard, or 
"height," of Iveagh, co. Down), 115. 

Argadan, Abbot of Corcach, dies, 177. 

Arlaith, wife of Turlough O'Conor, dies, 

Armagh. See Ard-Macha. 

Arra. See Aradh, or Aradh-tire. 

Art, son of Carthach, 219. 

Art, son of Diarmaid, King of Teabhtha, 
slain, 135. 

Arthur, son of Bicur, slays Mongan, son 
of Fiachna, 79. 

Artri, Abbot of Ard-Macha, goes to Con- 
nacht with the Shrine of Patrick, 129 ; 
death of, 139. 

Artri, King of Teabhtha, 135. 

Assal, a plain in the co. of Meath, 119. 

Assaroe. See Eas-Ruaidh. 

Assey, co. Meath. See Ath-Sighe. 

Ath-Abhla (Ballyhooly, co. Cork), battle 
of, 83. 

Ath-an-termainn (i.e., " the ford of the 
termon"), in Koscommon, 311. 

Ath-Clagan, the victory of, 311. 

Ath-cliath (Dublin), first taken by Gen- 
tiles, 143 ; Black Gentiles arrive at, 
151 ; forcibly taken from the Foreigners, 
189 ; occupied by Godfrey, grandson of 
Imhar, 193; occupied by Godfrey, son 
of Si trie, 211; occupied by Malachy 
and Brian, 237 ; Amhlaibh and Imhar 
return to, 163; battles of, 191, 319; 
besieged, 233; burned, 201, 243, 255; 
bishops of, 291, 323 ; Eachmarcach, 
King of, expelled, 281 ; the son of Mael- 
na-mbo, made King of, 281 ; Muircer- 
tach Ua Briain made king at, 291 ; 
plundered by King Congalach, 207 ; 
the Foreigners of, 157, 165, 171, 197, 
201, 205, 213, 215, 219, 225, 227, 229, 
233, 235, 237, 239, 267, 269, 273, 277, 
343, 345; the Gentiles of, 179, 189, 

Ath-Crocha, an ancient ford on the Shan- 

non, at Shannon Harbour, the bridge of, 

built, 323. 
Ath-da-ferta, a place in the co. Louth, 


Ath-Dara, battles of, 25, 27. 
Ath-Firdhia (Ardee, co. Louth), 205, 231. 
Ath-Goan, in larthar Liff (i.e. "Goan's 

ford," in the district ot West Lifiey), 

battle of, 83. 
Ath-Liag (Lanesborough, co. Longford), 

the causeway of, 238, n. . 
Ath-Luain (Athlone), the Connachtmeu 

defeated at, 177 ; a hosting by Brian to, 

239 ; the causeway of, made, ib. ; the 

bridge of, built, 323 ; a battle at, 343 ; 

the victory of, 345. 

Ath-Sighe (Assey, co. Meath), 41, 231. 
Aufer, a foreigner, 1 97. 
Aulaf. See Amhlaibh. 
Aurtaile, slain, 105. 
Ausli, the son of, slain, 169. 
Auxilius, St., sent to the Irish, 23. 

Baccach, a plague, 117. 

Bachall Isa (the Staff of Jesus), 267, 269, 

275, 293, 323. 

Bachru, alleged defeat of, by Milidh, 13. 
Badhghua, 20 1 . See Slieve Bawne. 
Baedan, son of Cairell, King of Uladh, 

61 ; murder of the sons of, 71. 
Baedan, King of Temhair, slain, 61. 
Baedan, grandson of Muiredach, slain, 59. 
Baedan Mac UiCormaic, Abbot of Cluain- 

muc-Nois, 99. 
Baedan " of the yellow hair, " at the battle 

of Cuil Dremne, 55. 
Baeghal Bille, slays Aedh Slaine, 69. 
Baeithin, foster son of Colum Cille, 45. 
Baetan, Bishop of Inis-bo-finne, dies, 

Baetan, son of Conn, fights against the 

Cruithne, 55. 
Bairre, comarb of, 283. 
Baithin, Abbot of Bennchair, 101. 
Baithen, Abbot of Hi, G5. 
Balla, in the bar. of Clanmorris, co. Mayo, 

death of Dachua of, 85 ; Cronan, Abbot 

of, 111. 



Ballaghraoon (Bealach Mughna), the bat- 
tle of, 181, 183. 

Bangor, co. Down. See Bennchair. 

Bangor, in Wales. See Bennchor Brito- 

Banna (Bann), river, 9. 

Barchi (or Boirche, now the bar. of 
Mourne, co. Down), 73. 

Bard Bone, chief poet of Ireland, 201. 

Barid, son of Imhar, dies, 167. 

Barrow. See Berbha. 

Bealach Daithe (now Ballaghanea, bar. of 
Castlerahin, co. Cavan), battle of, 63. 

Bealach Mughna (Ballaghmoon, co. Kil- 
dare), battle of, 181, 183. 

Bearnan Ciarain, i.e. the "gapped bell of 
Ciaran," 223, 275. 

Bee, son of Cuana, King of Airghiall, 
slain, 65. 

Bee Mac D6, a prophet, 31,49,n. 8 , 51, 137. 

Bee Ua Lethlabhair, King of Dal-Araidhe, 
dies, 185. 

Becan Ruminn, dies, 105. 

Becc, King of Teabhtha, 21). 

Becc, King of Uladh, slain, 173. 

Beccan, comarb of Finnen, 221. 

Becc Bairche, prophecy of, 79 ; slays Con- 
gal Cennfoda, 103; defeated by Finn- 
achta, 105; dies, 119. 

Beda (Venerable Bede), 89, 109. 

Bedan, St. Comgall's fisherman, 57. 

Beg Bairche. See Becc Bairche. 

Belach-duin (now Castlekeeran, co. 
Meath), 245. 

Belan. See Bithlann. 

Belata, i.e. "the cross roads," 317, 333. 

Belefeth, a mortality, 47. 

Benignus, St., death of, 27. 

Bennchair, or Bennchair M6r (Bangor, 
co. Down), birth of St. Comgall of, 39 ; 
church of, founded, 53 ; abbots of, 73, 
89, 99, 101, 105,111; comarb of, 1 99 ; 
attacked and plundered by Gentiles, 

Bennchor Britonum (Bangor, in Wales), 
burning of, 102, n. . 

B.enn-Echlabhra (now Binaghlon, co. Fer- 
managh), 315. 

Beoid, Bishop of Ardcarna, death of, 41. 
Beoid, father of St. Ciaran of Cluain-muc- 

Xois, 49. 

Beollan, King of Loch Gabhar, 219. 
Berach, Abbot of Bennchair, 99, 101. 
Berba. See Cesar. 
Berbha (Barrow), river, 7, 219. 
Bercan. See Mobhi Clairinech. 
Bernan Ciarain. See Bearnan Ciarain. 
Betadh, the son of, 251. 
Betanzos. See Bregann. 
Bethra, or Dealbhna Bethra, devastated 

by Feidhlimidh, 139. See Dealbhna 


Birr, or Birra (Parsonstown), 323. 
Bile-Tenedh (now Billy wood, bar. of 

Kells, co. Meath), battle of, 1 1 9. 
Bile Tortan, a celebrated tree which stood 

near Ardbraccan, co. Meath, 77. 
Bithlann (Belan), co. Kildare, battle of, 


Blacaire, grandson of Imhar, 203, 209. 
Black-Gentiles, a battle between Fair 

Gentiles and, 167. See also Dubh- 


Blackwater, river. See Dabhall. 
Bla Sliabh, battle of, 107. 
Blathmac, Abbot of Cluaiu-muc-Nois, 

dies, 175. 
Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, King of 

Ireland, 89, 97, 99. 
Blathmac, King of Teabhtha, dies, 99. 
Blathmac, son of Flann, martyrdom of, 

Blathmac, son of Maelcobha, death of, 


Blood, showers of, 121, 167, 177. 
Bodhbhcadh (pron. Bov-ka) Midhe, son of 

Diarmaid, defeated in battle, 115. 
Bodhbhghna (pron. "Bovna," now Slieve 

Bawne, co. Roscommon), a battle in, 

105. See Badhghna. 
Boinn (the river Boyne), a fleet of Norse- 
men on the, 141, 145. 
Boirche. See Barchi. 
Boirinn of Corcomruaidh (Barren, co. 

Clare), a battle in, 217. 
Bolgacli, a leprosy, 107, 285. 



Bolg Luatha, King of Ui-Cenusealaigh, 
80, n. i, 8J, 89. 

Bophin Island. See Insula vaccae albae. 

Borumha (now Beal-Borumha, an earthen 
fort near Killaloe), demolished, 319. 

Borumha, a tribute of cows exacted by 
Irish monarchs, 25, 121, 219. 

Both (a place in Ulster, not identified), 
battle of, 81. 

Braen, son of Maelmordha, King of Laig- 
hen, plunders Ath-cliath, 207 ; is slain, 

Brflen, son of Maelmordha, (another) King 
of Laighen, 259. 

Braen, son of Murchadh, royal heir of 
Laighen, slain, 227. 

Bran, son of Conall, King of Laighen, 105, 

Bran, son of Faelan, King of Laighen, 

Bran, King of Gabhran, 155. 

Braudubh, son of Eochaidh, King of 
Laighen, murders Cumuscach, son of 
Aedh, 65 ; gains the battle of Dun Bolg, 
ib. ; " the blows" of, 67 ; slain, 71. 

Brandubh, son of Maelcobha, slain, 83. 

Bran Finn, King of the Desi of Munster, 

Bran Finn, son of Maelfothartaigh, mor- 
tal wounding of, 103. 

Brawney. See Breghmhuine. 

Bread, a scarcity of, 133; failure of, 177. 

Bregann (the Port of Betanzos, in Spanish 
GaUicia), 13. 

Bregh (Lat. Bregia), an ancient territ. in 
the co. Meath, comprising the eastern 
part of the county, 67, 85 ; the plain of, 
laid waste by Saxons, 107 ; plundered 
by Feidhlimidh, King of Munster, 143; 
Gentiles defeated by the men of, 141 ; 
the hostages of, taken by Donnchadh, 
son of Brian, 265; kings of, 85, 129, 
141, 149, 151, 161, 175, 179, 191, 195, 
}99, 217, 219, 267, 285, 345; queens of, 
1 9 1 , 1 95. See South Bregh. 

Bregh-magh (the plain of Bregia, co. 
Meath), 123. 

Breghmhuine (now the barony of Braw- 

ney, co. Westmeath), kings of, 143, 195, 
345, 347, 349. 

Bregia. See Bregh. 

Breifne (the people of Cavan and Leitrim), 
plunder Cluain-muc-Nois, 129; kings 
of, 125, 173, 177, 185, 199, 201, 2o5, 
287, 307, 327, 343. 

Brena (Strangford Lough), eruption of, 7. 

Brenainn, son of Briun, death of, 61. 

Brenainn, St., of Birr, 67, 59. 

Brenainn, or Brendan, St., of Clonfert, 
founds the church of Clonfert, 53; 
death of, 61 ; ccmarbs of, 229, 233, 273, 
301,315. See also u nder Cluain-Ferta, 

Brenainn, King of Ui Maine, death of, 67. 

Brendan, St. See Brenainn. 

Bresal, King of Laighen, death of, 23. 

Bresal, son of Ailillen, slain, 219. 

Bresal, son of Finnachta, slain, 111. 

Bresal Conaillech, comarb of Ciaran, 
265, 269. 

Bress, one of the Tuatha De Danann, 9. 

Brian Borumha, birth of, 195 ; profanes 
Inis Cathaigh, 225 ; defeats Mael- 
mhuaidh, son of Bran, ib. invades 
Midhe, 233; defeated by Maelsechlainn, 
son of Domhnall, 235 ; gains the battle of 
Glen-mama, in conjunction with Mael- 
sechlainn II., 237; receives the hostages 
of the foreigners, 239 ; begins to reign 
over Ireland, ib. ; turns against Mael- 
sechlainn, ib. ; takes the hostages of 
Midhe and Connacht, 241 ; a hosting 
into the north by, ib. ; a great hosting 
by, 243; visits Ard-Macha, ib. ; receives 
the hostages of Dal-Araidhe and Uladh, 
ib. ; takes the hostages of Cinel Eogh- 
ain, 247 ; takes the hostages of Uladh, 
ib. ; slain, 251 ; death of Dubhcabh- 
laigh, wife of, 247. 

Brian, the son of, submits to the son of 
Maelnambo, and to Aedh Ua Conchob- 
hair, 285. 

Brian, son of Maelruanaidh, King of the 
west of Connacht, slain, 241. 

Bridamh (a hill in the King's co., not iden- 
tified), 67. 



Bridges, built by Toirdhealbhach Ua Con- 

chobhair, 325. 
Bri-Ele (now the hill of Croghan, King's 

co.) the conflict of, 27. 
Brigid, St., birth of, 23; death of, 41; co- 

marbs of, 225, 333, 343. See also under 

Cill-dara, Abbots, Bishops, &c. 
Britain, a part of, held by the Dal-Riada, 

35; kings of, 109, 111, 155, 185, 189, 

223, 263, 273. See also under Britons. 
Britain (North), Maelcoluim, son of Domh- 

nall, King of, 235. 
Britons, defeated in the battle of Rath- 

morofMagh-Line, 107; a battle between 

the Ultonians and, 115; defeated in 

Dal-Riada, 1!9; brought to Ireland by 

Amhlaibh and Imhar, 163 ; kings of, 

87, 109, 167. 
Britons of Srath Cluaidhe, Ardgal, King 

of, slain, 163. 

Brogarbhan, the son of, 253. 
Bron, Bishop of Caisel-Irre, death of, 35. 
Bruadar, son of Aedh, slays Eachtigern, 

King of Laighen Desgabhair, and is 

slain, 153. 
Bruadar, son of Dubhgilla, King of Di- 

Cennsealaigh, 201. 
Bruadar, son of Echtighern, King of Ui- 

Cennsealaigh, 229. 

Bruadar, chief of the Danars, slain, 253. 
Brugh, orBrugh-na-Boinne (i.e. the Brugh 

or Burgh ? of the Boyne, a place on the 

Boyne near Stackallan Bridge, co. 

Meath), 93, n. 

Brugh-righ (Bruree, co. Limerick), 299. 
Bruidhe, son of Foth, death of, 87. 
Bruidhe, son of Maelcon, King of the 

Picts, 53. 

Bruidhen-da-choga. See under Bruighin. 
Bruighin-da-choca (now Breenmore, bar. of 

Kilkenny West, co. Westmeath), 69, 193. 
Buas (the Bush), one of the rivers found 

in Ireland by Parthalon, 7. 
Buidhe Conaill, a plague, 50, n. s, 99. 
Buinne and Beithe, fortified, 319. 
Buite, or Buti, son of Bronach, founder 

of Monasterboice, death of, 39; Macnia, 

comarb of, 273. 

Bull Island. See Tech-nDuinn. 
Bun-Gaillmhe, the mouth of the Galway 

river, 327 ; the castle of, burned, 333. 
Bush, river. See Buas. 
Buti, son of Bronach. See Buite. 

Cacht, daughter of Raghnall, Queen of 

Erinn, dies, 283. 
Caeincomrac, Abbot of Lughmhagh, dies, 

Caeincomhrac, Abbot of Cluain-Eois, dies, 

Caelbadh, King of Uladh, slays Muiredh- 

ach Tirech, 15. 
Cael-uisce (the Narrow "Water, in Iveagh, 

co. Down), 145. 
Caeman Brec, birth of, 41. 
Caemhan, Abbot of Linnduachaill, burnt 

by Gentiles, 145. 
Caemhghen (Kevin), of Glenn-da-locha, 

death of, 75, 77 ; comarbs of, 221, 241, 

255, 269; the termon of, plundered, 

Caer-Abroc (York), burnt by lightning, 


Caicher, a druid, 11, 13. 
Cailchin, son of Dima, death of, 83. 
Caill-Cobhthaigh (Coffey's wood), the 

defeat of, 331. 
Cain, a religious rule or law, 128, n. , 

180, n. . 
Cain Domnaigh (i.e. a " Sunday Law"), 


Caindelbhan King of Laeghaire, dies, 197. 
Cainech, Queen of Ireland, 199. 
Cainnech (Canice), St. ; death of, 67 ; 

Maelsamhna, comarb of, 221. 
Cairbre, King of Munster, 59. 
Cairbre Crom, or Cam, Bishop of Cluain- 

muc-Noi?, 177, 179. 
Cairbre, or Cairbre Ui Ciardha, (now the 

barony of Carbury, co. Kildare), kings 

of, 235, SM9, 277, 349. 
Cairbre Mor (Carbury, co. Sligo), Aedh, 

King of, 211. See also Cairpre and 


Cairech Dergain, death of, 61. 
Cairellan, the sons of, 231. 



Cairnech, St., poem by, 43. 

Cairpre, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 137, 165. 

Cairpre (or Cinel Cairbre, a tribe seated 
in the co. Longford), Conall Oirgnech, 
King of, slain, 105. See also Cairbre 
and Coirpre. 

Cairthind, the son of, slain in the battle 
of Feimin, 25. 

Cais, a place in Magh Life, near which 
Lacghaire, son of Niall, was killed, 27. 

Caisel, or Caisel-na-righ {i.e. " Cashel of 
the Kings," now Cashel), presented as 
an offering to the Lord, 307 ; a change 
of kings at, 179 ; Maelsechlainn, son of 
Maelruanaidh, in, 155; kings of, 139, 
163, 165, 171, 175, 179, 181, 183, 187, 
283 ; royal heir of, 139 ; a great shower 
of hail in, 335. 

Caisel-Finnbhair (not identified), battle 
of, 107. 

Caisel Irre (now Killaspugbrone, in the 
co. Sligo), death of Bron, Bishop of, 35. 

Caittell, son of Ruaidhri, King of Britain, 
dies, 185. 

Calatruim, now Galtrim, jso. Meath, Mael- 
duin, King of, mortally wounded, 147. 

Calraighe of Tephtha, or Calry of Teffia 
(a territ. in the cos. of Westrneath and 
Longford), 115; chiefs of, 311, 339; 
kings of, 277, 281, 283, 293 ; plundered 
by Sil-Ronain, 347 ; the people of, 
slaughtered by the Conmaicne, 281. 

Calry of Teffia. See Calraighe of Teph- 

Camin of Inisceltra, death of, 92, n. *. 

Campus Delenn, situation of, 1 20, n. 6 . 

Cananan, brother of Maelbrighde, King of 
Conaille, captured by Gentiles, 139. 

Cannan, Abbot of Daimhliag, dies, 161. 

Canoin Padraig ("Canon of Patrick"), 
covered, 203. 

Canon, son of Gartnait, the killing of, 109. 

Cantyre. See Cenn-tire. 

Carbad of Ard-Macha, the, burned, 261. 

Carlingford Lough. See Snamh-aignech. 

Carlus, the sword of, 235, 267, 285. 

Carman, the residence of the kings of 
Lcinster, 183. 

Carn Conaill (i.e. Conall's heap, or earn, 
supposed to be the place now called 
Ballyconnell, near Gort, co. Galway), 
battle of, 91. 

Carn-Feradhaigh (now Knockany, co. 
Limerick), battles of, 81, 117 ; a slaugh- 
ter of the Gentiles at, 143. 

Carn-fordroma (not identified), the battle 
of, 233. 

Carn Lughdach (i.e. Lughaidh's earn, or 
monumental heap, in Munster, not 
identified), battle of, 155. 

Carn-Ui-Tolairg, 213. 

Carrach-Calma or Carthach-Calma (see 
DonnchadhUa Maeilechlainn); Muircer- 
tach, son of, 263 ; Oengus, son of, 259. 

Carraic-Brachaidhe (Carrickabraghy, in 
Inishowen), the King of, slain, 189. 

Carrowmore Lough. See Finn Loch. 

Carthach (alias Mochuda, or Mochta), 
expulsion from Raithin, and death of, 85. 

Carthach-Calma. See Carrach-Calma. 

Cashel. See Caisel. 

Caspian Sea, considered during the middle 
ages to be an arm of the Northern 
Ocean, 10, n. 1. 

Castledermot. See Disert-Diarmada. 

Castles, erected by Connachtmen, 325. 

Catel, slays Ead, King of Cruithen-tuaith, 

Cathair-Cinn-Con (a stone fort near Rock- 
barton, co. Limerick), battle of, 87. 

Cathal, half-King of Uladh, slain, 1 53. 

Cathal, King of the West of Connacht, 
goes on a pilgrimage, 273. 

Cathal, son of Aedh, King of Munster, 
death of, 79. 

Cathal, son of Ailill, King of Ui Maine, 
133, 147. 

Cathal, son of Cathal, royal heir of Con- 
iiacTit, slain, 333. 

Cathal, son of Conchobhar, King of Con- 
nacht, dies, 195. 

Cathal, son of Conchobhar, (another) 
King of Connacht, 183, 239, 247. 

Cathal, son of Domhnall, 249, 253. 

Cathal, son of Dunlaing, King of Ui- 
Cennsealaigh, dies, 131. 



Cathal, son of Flannagan, slain, 221. 
Catlial, son of Maelmhuaidh, 253. 
Cathal, son of Muiredhach, King of Con- 
nacht, dies, 117. 
Cathal, son of Muirghes, King of Con- 

nacht, dies, 143. 
Cathal, son of Murchadh, King of Ui 

Maine, slain, 131. 
Cathal, son of Oilill, King of Ui Fiachrach, 


Cathal, son of Raghallach, dies, 105. 
Cathal, son of Tadhg, King of Connacht, 

slain, 221. 
Cathal, sou of Tighernan, King of the 

East of Connacht, slain, 285. 
Cathal Finn, a victory by Imhar and 

Amhlaibh over, 1 55. 
Cathalan, son of Etroch, 241. 
Cathalan, half-King of Uladh, 163. 
Cathasach, Bishop of Ard-Macha, dies, 169. 
Cathasach, comarb of Caemhghen, blind- 
ed, 269. 

Cathasach, son of Emhin, 97. 
Cathasach, King of the Cruithne,slain,107. 
Cathasach, grandson of Domhnall Brec, 

death of, 109. See also Cathusach. 
Cathbadh, Bishop of Achadh Cuinn, death 

of, 51. 
Cathmogh, Abbot of Lis-mor, and Bishop 

ofCorcach, 213. 
Cathusach, son of Doilgen, comarb of 

Patrick, and Bishop of Ard-Macha, 2 1 3. 
Cathusach, son of Murchadhan, Bishop of 

Ard-Macha, 217. 
Cathusach, son of Domhnall Brec, death 

of, 91. 

Cathusach, son of Luircen, slam, 101. 
Catinche (an island in the Shannon, be- 
tween Clonfert and Clonmacnois), battle 

of, 215. 

Catriau, Abbess of Cill-dara, dies, 1 53. 
Cattle, mortality of, 189, 213, 275, 295. 

See Cows. 

Ceallach, comarb of Patrick, 313, 329. 
Ceallach, tanist-Abbot of Ard-Macha, 

dies, 179. 
Ceallach, Abbot of Cill-dara and Hi, dies, 


Ceallach, Abbot of Fobhar, dies, 161. 

Ceallach, Abbot of Fothan M6r, death of, 

Ceallach, King of Ireland, 89. 

Ceallach, son of Cerbhall, slain, 195. 

Ceallach, son of Cinaedh, King of Di- 
Cennsealaigh, slain, 207. 

Ceallach, son of Diarinaid, King of Os- 
raighe, 241. 

Ceallach, son Faelan, King of Laighen, 
dies, 217. 

Ceallach, son of Guaire, death of, 101. 

Ceallach, son cf Guaire, King of Laighen 
Desgabhair, dies, 155. 

Ceallach, son of Maelcobha, gains a battle, 
91 ; death of, 95. 

Ceallach, son of Raghallach, gains a battle 
in Corann, 115; dies, ib. 

Ceallach, King of Bregh, slain, 175. 

Ceallach, King of the South of Bregh, 191. 

Ceallach, King of Laighen, dies, 141. 

Ceallach, King of Osraighe, slain, 181, 

Ceallachan-Caisil, King of Munster, 201 ; 
plunders various churches, 203 ; a 
slaughter of the Deise by, ib. ; deliver- 
ed to the King of Ireland, 205 ; de- 
feats Cennedigh, son of Lorcan, 207 ; 
dies, 211. 

Ceallach Cualann, King of Laighen, 111; 
gains a battle at Claen-ath, 115; dies, 

Cearbhall, son of Lorcan, the sons of, 229. 

Cearbhall, son of Finnachda, King of 
Dealbhna-Bethra, dies, 137. 

Cearbhall, son of Muirigen, dies, 183. 
See also Cerbhall. 

Cedadhach, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 151. 

Ceis-Corainn, co. Sligo, battle of, 221. 

Ceithernach, vice-Abbot of Cill-clura, 
slain, 145. 

Cele, Bishop of Ard-achadh, dies, 277. 

Cele, comarb of Bennchair, 199. 

Celechair, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 289. 

Celechair, comarb of Finnan and Ciarau, 
dies, 211. 



Celechair, son of Coman, slain, 115. 
CMle-Clerech, a rule established over Leth- 

Chuinn by, 181. 
Cele De, or Culdees, members of the order 

Of, 127, 193, 209,333. 
Cele-Tighernaigh, Abbot of Cluain-Eois, 

death of, 119. 
Cellach, a holy virgin, 231. 
Cenannus (Kells, co. Meatb), the battle of, 

119; building of a new (religious) es- 
tablishment at, 127 ; profanation of, 

179; plundered by Foreigners, 191; 

plundered by Gothfrith, son of Sitric, 

211 ; again plundered, 219 ; burnt, 257 ; 

plundered by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, 

259; Colum-Cille's gospel stolen from, 

245; bishops of, 219. 
Cened, son of Luchtren, King of the 

Picts, death of, 83. 
Cenn Ailbhe, battle of, 35. 
Cenncoradh (Kincora), the name of King 

Brian's residence, at Killaloe, co. Clare, 

247 ; demolished by Aedh Ua Conchob- 

hair, 287; destroyed, 299; burned, 


Cenn Delgten, battle of, 77. 
Cennedigh, son of Lorcan, defeated by 

Ceallachan Caisil, 207 ; dies, 211. 
Cenn-eich (Kinneigh, co. Kildare), battles 

of, 41, 43. 
Cennetigh, or Cenn-Eittigh (Kinnitty, 

King's co.), plundered by Gentiles, 145 ; 

Colman, Abbot of, slain, 183. 
Cennfaeladh, or Cendfaeladh (pron. Ken- 

nealy), an ancient Irish poet, quoted, 

35, 39, 43. 55. 

Cennfaeladh, Abbot of Fobhar, dies, 117. 
Cennfaeladh of the Sabhall, a bishop, 

Cennfaeladh, King of Ard-Ciannachta, 

slain, 97. 

Cennfaeladh, King of Caisel, dies, 163. 
Cennfaeladh, King of Ciannachta of 

Gleann Geimhin, burnt, 107. 
Cennfaeladh, Bong of Connacht, slain, 


Cennfaeladh, King of Ireland, slain, 103. 
Cennfaeladh, son of Colgan, 93. 

Cennfaeladh the Wise, dies, 105. 
Cenn-fuait, in Leinster, the battle of, 


Cenngegain. See Finnguine. 
Cenngubha (or Cennbughbha, anglice 

Cambo, near the town of Eoscommon), 

battle of, 77. 

Cenn-tire (Cantyre, in Scotland), 79, 107. 
Cenwulf, King of the Saxons, dies, 131. 
Cerbhall, son of Dungal, gains a victory 

over Agond (Hacon ?), 147 ; slays Each- 

tigern, King of Laighen Desgabhair, 

Cerbhall, son of Dunlaing, King of 

Osraighe, 157, 165, 171. 
Cerbhall, son of Lorcan, royal heir of 

Laighen, 217. 
Cerbhall, son of Muirigen, 179, 18J. See 

also Cearbhall. 
Cermad, chief of Corca-Baiscinn, slain, 


Cernach, King of Lulghne, 249. 
Cernach Sotail, death of, 99. 
Cernachan, King of Breifne, 199. 
Cernachan, son of Duligen, 185. 
Cernachan, son of Tadhg, the sons of, 179. 
Cerrncein, slays the two sons of Domhnall, 

son of Aedh, 97. 
Cesar, alias Berba, or Eriu, alleged arrival 

in Ireland of, 3. 
Cethernach, Bishop of Tech-Collainn, 

dies, 277. 

Ceylon. See Taprobane. 
Charlemagne, dies, 129. 
Christ, the cross of (or the cross of Cong), 


Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, slain, 253. 
Cianan, St., of Daimhliag (Duleek), dies, 


Cianan, the oratory of. See Daimhliag. 
Ciannachta (a tribe anciently settled In 

the territory comprised in the present 

baronies of Upper and Lower Duleek, 

in the co. Meath), defeated by Tuathal 

Maelgarbh, 45 ; spoiled by Gentiles, 

139 ; a shower of blood in the territ. of, 

167 ; Saxolb, Lord of the Foreigners, 

killed by, 143 ; kings of, 59, 97. 



Ciannachta of Gleann Geimhin (now the 
bar. of Keenaght, co. Londonderry), 

Ciar, daughter of Dubhrea, dies, 107. 

Ciaran, St. (of Saigher), the ''gapped 
bell " of, 222, n. a . 

Ciaran, Bishop of Tulen, dies, 193. 

Ciaran (Kieran), St., of Clonmacnois, 
birth of, 37 ; the law of, 129: the shrine 
of, 177 ; miracles of, 49, 147, 329; the 
crozier, or staff of, 199, 297 ; fasting of 
the congregation of, 275, 313; the 
Erdamh of, 315; the yew tree of, 347; 
the "gapped bell " of, 223, 275; death 
of, 49; comarbs of, 211, 217, 221, 223, 
231,233, 241, 255, 265, 269, 275, 281, 
291, 299, 305, 307, 313, 339. See also 
abbots, under Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Ciarraighe-Chuirchi (bar. of Kerricurrihy, 
co. Cork), Fogartach, King of, slain, 
181, 183. 

Ciarraighe-Luachra (now the co. Kerry), 
plundered, 325 ; kings of, 151, 181, 251, 
259, 289, 339. 

Cill-Achaidh, Cill-Aichedh, or Cill- 
Achaidh-Droma-fota (i.e. " the church 
of the field of the long ridge"), now Kil- 
leigh, King's co., death of Sinchell of, 
51 ; abbots of, 171, 203; lector of, 269; 
plundered, 203 ; demolished by Gentiles, 

Cill Ausaille (Killashee, co. Kildare), 
plundered by Aedh Finnliath, 165. 

Cill Biann, by whom built, 61. 

Cill-mBian, now Kilmeen, co. Galway, 
plundered, 333. 

Cill-Chainnigh (Kilkenny), 345. 

Cill-Cuillinn (now old Kilcullen, co. Kil- 
dare), death of Mac Tail of, 51 ; plun- 
dered, 203. 

Cill-Dalua (Killaloe) pillaged, 257, 299 ; 
death of Ua Gerithir, Bishop of, 283 ; 
burnt, 287; Conchobhar Ua Briain, 
King of Munster, dies at, 339. 

Cill-dara (Kildare), abbesses of, 109, n. ?, 
139, 141, 153, 187, 189, 2)5; abbotsof, 
87, 113, 159; bishops of, 39, 117, 159, 
163, 165, 169, 171, 199, 229, 275,305; 

vice-abbots of, 145, 171 ; the oratory of, 

141 ; plundered, 141, 171, 173, 177, 189, 

191, 197, 199, 215, 229, 237. 
Cill-delga (Kildalkey, co. Meath), Donn- 

chadh, Abbot of, slain, 171. 
Cill-mona (Killmoone, co. Meath), the 

battle of, 219. 
Cill-mor-Muighe-Enir (Kilmore, to the 

E. of Armagh), 313. 
Cill-Muini (Menevia, or St. David's), death 

of St. David of, 63. 
Cill-Osnaigh (now Kellistown, co.Carlow), 

battle of, 31. 
Cill-Scire (Kilskeery, co. Meath), death 

of Conall, Bishop of, 161 ; plundered by 

Gothfrith, 211. 
Cill-Slebhe, Cill-Sleibhe, or Cill-Slebhe- 

Cuilinn (Killevy, co. Armagh), death of 

Concain of, 95 ; death of Darerca of, 

39 ; the Foreigners of, 195. 
Cill-Ui-nDaighre (Killineer, near Drogh- 

eda), battle of, 161. 
Cill-Ula. See Gabhar. 
Cinaedh, son of Conaing, King of Bregh, 

rebels against Maelsechlainn, 151 ; is 

drowned, ib. 
Cinaedh, son of Dubh, King of Alba, 

slain, 243. 

Cinaedh, son of Maelcoluim, 225, 235. 
Cinaedh, son of Tuathal, King of Ui-Fe- 

nechlais, slain, 189. 
Cinaedh, King of Ui-Failghe, 193. 
Cinaeth, son of Conaing, King of Bregh, 

dies, 141. 
Cinaeth, King of Breghmhuine, mortal 

wounding of, 143. 

Cinaeth, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, 201. 
Cinel Boghaine (the race of Enna Bogh- 

aine, grandson of Niall of the Nine 

Hostages, who were seated in the 

barony of Banagh, co. Donegal), mur- 
der of Sechnasagh, King of, 73 ; Dungal, 

King of, slain, 1 03 ; Forbasach, King 

of, 131. 

Cinel Cairbre. See Cairpre. 
Cinel Cairpre (i.e. the race of Cairpre, son 

of Niall of the Nine Hostages, who were 

seated in the present bar. of Granard, co. 



Longford), 101 ; kings of, 103,107, 117, 
121. See also Cairpre. 
Cinel Conaill (i.e. the race of Conall, son 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages, who were 
seated in Tirconnell, which in latter 
ages was co-extensive with the present 
co. of Donegal), kings of, 117, 131, 179, 
181, 213, 215, 225, 229, 233, 237, 247, 
265, 267, 269, 271, 275, 285, 291, 337; 
Dalach, chief of, slain, 163 ; battles 
between the Cinel Eoghain and, 131, 
217; a battle between the Airghialla 
and, 239; gain the battle of Moin- 
Daire-Lothair, 55; defeated, 225, 231 ; 
invade Munster, 297, 317 ; refuse host- 
ages to Brian, 245 ; the hostages of, 
taken by Flann Sionna, 169; Flaith- 
bhertach, royal heir of Tenihair, slain 
by, 209. 

Cinel Cruithne (i.e. "the Pictish race"), 
Dichull, son of Eochaidh, King of, 81. 

Cinel-Echach-Gall (i.e. the race of Eoch- 
aidh Gall, or " Eochaidh the Foreigner"), 

Cinel Eoghain (i.e. the race of Eoghan, son 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages, who were 
seated in the present counties of Tyrone 
and Londonderry, and in the baronies 
of Inishowen and Raphoe, co. Donegal), 
kings of, 95, 113, 117, 179, 2S9, 2y:3, 
307, 30!), 329, 341 ; battles between the 
Cinel Conaill and, 131, 217; gain the 
battle of Moin-Daire-Lothair, 55; de- 
feat the Foreigners, 161 ; defeat the 
Ulidians, 241 ; defeated by Conall Cael, 
85; defeated by Ruaidhri Ua Canan- 
nain, 205 ; the hostages of, taken by 
Flann Sionna, 169 ; refuse hostages to 
Brian, 245 ; the hostages of, taken by 
Brian, 247 ; Tlachtgha burned by the, 
181; a contention at Ard-Macha be- 
tween the Ultonians and, 173; invade 
Munster, 297, 317. 

Cinel-Feradhaigh (a tribe of the Cinol 
Eoghain, seated in the present barony 
of Clogher, co. Tyrone), S3. 

Cinel Fiachach (the race of Fiacha, son 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages, settled 

in the S. of the now co. of Westmeath), 
defeated by Cerbhall and Imhar, 157 ; 
foreigners slaughtered by, 205. 
Cinel Laeghaire (i.e. " the race of Laegh- 
aire," a tribe seated in the district 
around the present town of Trim, co. 
Meath), death of Cumasgach, King of, 
169; Maelcron, King of, 179. 
Cinel Maeilche (a tribe of the Dal-Fiatach 
of Uladh, seated near Moira, co. Down), 
Cinel Maeiu (a sept formerly seated in the 

bar. of Raphoe, co. Donegal), 329. 
Cinel-Maine (the descendants of Maine, 
son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
settled in the east of Meath), Eiremhon, 
lord of, 191. 

Cinel-Mechair, Lorcan, King of, 251. 
Cinngaratlh (Kingarth, in Bute, Scotland), 

death of Daniel, Bishop of, 95. 
Cinn-riinonaidh (St. Andrew's, Scotland), 

Claen-ath (Clane, co. Kildare), a battle at, 

Claenloch (a place near Gort, in the co. 

of Gal way), battle of, 45. 
Claenlocha of Sliabh Fuaid (near New- 
town-Hamilton, co. Armagh), a hosting 
by Brian to, 247. 

Ciaire (a hill near Duntrileague, co. Lime- 
rick), 3-M. 
Claim Briain (i.e. the descendants of Brian 

Borumha), 323. 
Clann Carthaigh, the family, or tribe of 

Mac Carthy, 323. 

Clann-Cathail (i.e. O'Flanagan's country, 
in the co. Roscommon), 297 ; Cathul Ua 
Mugliroin, chief of, 313. 
Ciann Colmain, 220, n. l , 25-1, . l . 
Clann-Conchobhair (Clan-Conor), the 
tribe name of the O'Mulrennins, who 
were seated in the parish of Baslick, co. 
Roscommon, 343. 

Clann Cosgraidh (i.e. " the progeny of 
Cosgrach," a sub-section of the Ui- 
Briuiu-Seola, seated on the east side of 
Lough Comb, in the co. Galway), 269, 



Clann-Diarmada, or Ui-Diarmada, death 
of Diarmaid, chief of, 333. See Ui- 

Clann-Fianghusa, 271. 
Clann Firbisigh, or family of Mac Firbis, 1 1 . 

Claim Murclmdha (the tribe name of the 
O'Finaghtys, who were seated in the 
co. of Galway, to the east of the river 
Suck), Murchadh, chief of, 221. 

Clann-Tomaltaigh, a tribe anciently seated 
in the co. Koscomnion, 297 ; Amhlaibh 
Ua Eaduibh, chief of, 333. 

Clann Uadach, the tribe name of the 
O'Fallons, who were settled in the pre- 
sent barony of Athlone, co. Roscommon, 

Cleircen, King of Breifne, dies, 201. 

Cleitech, on the Boyne, a residence of the 
kings of Ireland, 43. 

Clemens, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 135. 

Clerchen, comarb of Fechin, 229. 

Cliachs, an ancient district in the co. 
Carlow, plundered, 43. 

Clochan-an-imrim (now probably Cloch- 
anumera, N.E. of Mullingar, co. West- 
meath), 315. 

Clochar (Clogher), Cinaeth Ua Baighell, 
Bishop of, 337. 

Clonbroney. See Cluain-Bronaigh. 

Clonenagh. See Cluain-Eidhnech. 

Clones, co. Monaghan. See Cluain-Eois. 

Clonfert. See Cluain-ferta-Brenainn. 

Clonmacnois. See Cluain-muc-Nois. 

Clontarf, battle of, 251. 

Clooncraff. See Cluain-creamha. 

Clothna, chief poet of Ireland, 247. 

Cluain-Airthir (now Magheracloone, co. 
Monaghan), 79. 

Cluain-Bronaigh (Clonbroney, co. Long- 
ford), Finbil, Abbess of, 127. 

Cluain-Cain (Clonkeen, co. Louth), death 
of Crunnmael, Bishop of, 167. 

Cluain-Ciarain (i.e. Cluain-muc-Nois), 
burning of the termon of, 139. 

Clnain-Comardha (Colman's Well, near 
Ivilmallock, co. Limerick), 145. 

Clunin-Creadal, or Creadan (now Kil- 
leedy, co. Limerick), St. Ita of, 51, 59. 

Cluain-creamha (Clooncraff, near Elphin, 
co. Roscommon), plundering of, 129. 

Cluain-Deochra (Clondara, co. Long- 
ford), Flann, Bishop of, 225. 

Cluain Dolcan (Clondalkin,near Dublin), 
plundering of, by Gentiles, 139. 

Cluain-Eidhnech (Clonenagh, Queen's co.), 
abbots of, 67, 145 ; plundered, 143, 203. 

Cluain-Emhain (Clonown, near Athlone), 
plundered, 299. 

Cluain-Eois (Clones, co. Monaghan), Cele- 
Tighernaigh, Abbot of, 119; bishops 
of, 49, 143. See under Tigernach of 

Cluain-ferta-Brenainn (Clonfert), found- 
ed, 53; death of St. Brenainn of, 61 ; 
abbots of, 129, 151 ; bishops of, 59, 
193, 347 ; (see also comarbs of Bren- 
ainn) ; burnt, 145, 257, 275 ; plundered, 
271, 287. 

Cluain-fota-Baetain-abha (now Clonfad, 
bar. of Farbil, co. Westmeath), death of 
Etcen, Bishop of, 61. 

Cluain-Iraird (Clonard, co. Meath), St. 
Finnian of, 51 ; abbots of, 75, 93, 99, 
135, 157, 197 ; bishops of, 137, 163, 193, 
267 ; lector of, 341 ; tanist-abbot of, 
195; vice-abbot of, 143; demolished, 
143; plundered, 173, 221; the freedom 
of, granted, 211 ; limits of the diocese 
of, 315. 

Cluain - mor - Maedhoig (Clonmore, co. 
Carlow), plundered, 141. 

Cluain-muc-Nois (Clonmacnois), abbots 
of, 49, 59, 61, 67, 75, 81, 85, 93, 99, 109, 
115, 119, 129, 131, 145, 151, 161, 163, 
165, 167, 169, 173, 175, 179, 187, 195, 
197, 199, 209, 211, 315, 327; anchorite 
of, 1 73 ; anmchara of, 263 ; bishops of, 
171, 173, 177, 179, 191, 205, 209, 213, 
221, 237, 239, 247,273, 285, 289, 309; 
Ce'le-De of, 333; lectors of, 195, 225, 
293; priests of, 187,207; tanist-abbots 
of, 131,143, 145, 165,173, 175,291,295, 
303, 327 ; vice-abbots of, 133, 227, 26 1 ; 
burnt, 129, 141, J45, 231,257,261,293; 
plundered, 145, 147, 193,201, 205,211, 
213, 275, 279,285, 287,301, 303, 313, 319. 



Cluain-muc-Nois, the burial place of Diar- 
maid, son of Aedh Slaine, 91 ; the vice- 
abbacy of, 137; attacked by Feidhli- 
midh, King of Cashel, 139; the stone- 
church of, 185; a great mortality at, 
235 ; the great altar of, 245 ; great per- 
secution against, 303 ; the guests' house 
of, 311; the limits of the diocese of, 
315 ; the great belfry of, 325 ; the altar 
furniture of, stolen and recovered, 329 ; 
the steeple of, 337. 

Ones, mother of Aengus, Bishop of Con- 
dere, 35. 

Cnoc Toath (or Taeth), battle of, 75. 

Cnoghbha (Knowth, co. Meath), Domh- 
nail, King of, 217. 

Cnut, King of the Saxons, dies, 271. 

Cobha. See Magh Cobha, 

Cobha (or Ui-Eathach-Cobha, the present 
baronies of Iveagh, co. Down), death of 
Fergus, King of, 109. 

Cobhflaith, Abbess of Cill-dara, 187. 

Cobhthach, King of Ciarraighe Luachra, 

Coblaith, daughter of Canonn, 111. 

Cochall-fliuch, King of Gaileng, slain, 331 . 

Cochlan (Coghlan), King of Dealbhna- 
Bethra, slain, 281. 

Coibhdenach, Abbot of Cill - achaidh, 
drowned, 203. 

Coibhdenach, Bishop of Ard-Sratha, dies, 

Coibhdenach, anmchara of Imlech- 
Ibhair, dies, 293. 

Coibhdenach, son of Fiachra, slain, 121. 

Coinder-an-catha, at Dulane, co. Meath, 

Coirpre, King of Laighen, 145. 

Coirpre, or Cairbre, son of Niall, defeats 
the Lagenians, 33, 35. 

Coirpre, a battle gained over the Ui- 
Neill by, 41. See Cairbre. 

Colbain, slays Glun-iarainn, 231. 

Colcen, two sons of, slain, 115. 

Colcu, son of Blathmac, 107. 

Colcu, son of Domhnall, son of Muircer- 
tach. slain, 61. 

Colga, King of Airghiall, 39. 

Colga, King of Munster, 105. 

Colga, son of Ceallach, 77. 

Colgu, slain, 119. 

Colgu, son of Domhnall, 97. 

Colic, 247. 

Colic, a magical, 231. 

Colla, son of Barid, King of Luimnech, 
195, 199. 

Collooney. See Cul Maine and Cul 

Colman, Abbot of Bennchair, 105. 

Colman, Abbot of Cenn-Eittigh, slain, 

Colman, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 

Colman, Bishop of Daimhliag and Lusca, 
dies, 181. 

Colman, Bishop of Glenn-da-locha, dies, 

Colman, Bishop, proceeds to Insulavaccae 
albse, 101 ; dies, 105. 

Colman, King of Osraighe, 71. 

Colman, son of Cobhthach, 77. 

Colman, son of Dunlaing, King of Fothar- 
ta-tire, 159. 

Colman Bee, 59, 63. 

Colman Cas, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 99. 

Colman Conaillech, Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois and^Cluain-Iraird, 185, 197. 

Colman Ela, death of, 73. 

Colman Mac Lenin, death of, 69. 

Colman Mac Ua Tellubh, death of, 93. 

Colman Mor, son of Diarmaid, murder of, 

Colman Rimidh, King of Ireland, 67, 69. 

Colman Stellan, death of, 77. 

Colman Ua Cluasaigh, dies, 97. 

Colman Uathach, death of, 75. 

Colum, Abbot of Bennchair, dies, 101. 

Colum, Bishop of Corcach, dies, 1 53. 

Colum, of Inis Celtra, death of, 51. 

Colum Cille, St., birth of, 39; profane.! 
by Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill, 53; pro- 
ceeds to Hi, 55; death of, 65; comarbs 
of, 153, 211, 213, 215, 231, 237, 247, 
273; (see also, Abbots of Hi); the 
Gospel of, 245; his establishment at 



Cenannus, or Kells, 127; miracle of, 

337 ; the shrine and reliquaries of, 131, 

137, 139, 167. 

Colum Mac Crimthainn, death of, 51. 
Columba (Colmau) Bishop of Insula 

vaccae albse, dies, 105. 
Columbanus, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 


Columns, two fiery, 207. 
Comaltan, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidlme, 

Coman, St., of Koscommon, comarbs of, 

217, 281, 299. 
Comanus, the three, (septs seated in the 

north of the present co. of Kilkenny), 

Comar-tri-nuisce (i.e. "the meeting of 

three waters," near Waterford), 155. 
Comdan Mac Da Cearda, death of, 87, n. 7 . 
Comets, 105, 287. 
Comgall, St., of Bennchair, birth of, 39 ; 

death of, 67 ; comarbs of, 213, 223. 
Conigan Mac Cuiteme, dies, 99. 
Conachail (now Cunghill, barony of 

Leyny,co. Sligo), the battle of, 296, n. 2 , 

Conaille, or Conaille Muirthemne (now 

the co. of Louth), plundered by Gentiles, 

139; a battle between the Ultonians 

and, 169; kings of, 109, 139, 185, 187, 

195, 219, 239; Colman Conaillech of 

the, 269. 
Conaing, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 

Conaing, son of Aedhan, son ofGabhran, 

drowned, 77. 

Conaing, son of Congal, 107. 
Conaing, son of Congal, son of Aedh 

Slaine, killed, 97. 
Couaing, sou of Congal, King of Teabhtha, 

dies, 131. 

Conaing, son of Donncuan, slain, 251 . 
Conaing, son of Flann, King of Bregh, 

dies, 149. 

Conaing, son of Niall, 1 99. 
Conaing Ua Daint, Abbot of Imlech- 

lubhair, dies, 97. 
Conalach, son of Conaing, slain, 121. 

Conall, Bishop of Cill-Scire, dies, 161. 
Conall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, 67, 

Conall, son of Blathmac, mortal wounding 

of, 91. 

Conall, son of Domhnall, slain, 97. 
Conall, son of Dunchadh, slain, 107. 
Conall, son of Guaire, death of, 109. 
Conall, son of Maeldubh, son of Mael- 

bresail, slain, 81. 
Conall, son of Niall, King of Bregh, dies, 

Conall, son of Suibhne, King of the Deisi, 

dies, 113. 
Conall, son of Suibhne, King of Midhe, 

69, 77, 83, 85. 

Conall, King of Cobha, slain, 169. 
Conall, King of Dalriada (of Scotland), 

dies, 61. 
Conall, King of Ui Fidhgheinte, dies, 


Conall, King of Ui Maine, slain, 81. 
Conall Gael, son of Maelcobha, King of 

Ireland, 85, 89, 91, 93. 
Conall Cloccach, dies, 97. 
Conall Cor, murder of, 93. 
Conall Crandamhna, dies, 97. 
Conall Crimthann, son of Niall, 29. 
Conall Gabhra, slain, 115. 
Conall Grant Ua Cernaigh (i.e. Conall the 

grey, grandson of Cernach), 119. 
Conall Laegh Bregh, slain, 73. 
Conall Meann, King of Cinel Cairbre, 

slain, 121. 
Conall Oirgnech, King of Cairpre, slain, 


Conamhail, son of Gilla-Airre, slain, 227. 
Concain of Cill-Slebhe, death of, 95. 
Couchobhar, son of Aengus, 263. 
Conchobhar, son of Cerbhall, 233. 
Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, King of 

Ireland, 131, 139. 
Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, half-King 

of Midhe, drowned, 159. 
Conchobhar, sou of Finn, King of Ui- 

Failghe, dies, 225. 
Conchobhar, son of Maelchen, King of 

Ui-Failghe, 203. 

1S T DEX. 


Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, 235. 
Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, King 

of the Half of Miclhe, slain, 311. 
Conchobhar, son of Tadhg, King of Con- 

nacht, 161, 169. 

Conchobhar, King of Luighne, 233. 
Conchobhar Mac Ncssa, era of, 21, 29. 
Conchobhar Macha,Kingof the Airthera, 

slain, 113. 
Conchobhar Ua Maeilechlainn, King of 

Midhe, slain, 191. 
Conchobhar, "the province of" (i.e. 

Uladh), 151. 
Condere (Connor, co. Antrim), bishops of, 

37, 47, 95, 273. 

Conene, son of Muircertach, 241. 
Cong, the cross of, 324, . 1 . 
Congal, King of Bregh, slain, 85. 
Congal, King of Munster, killed, 109. 
Congal, son of Dunchadh, slain, 85. 
Congal, son of Fergus, King of Ireland, 

115, 117. 

Congal, son of Maelduin, 105. 
Congal, son of Ronan, 95. 
Congal Caech (i.e. "Congal the one-eyed"), 

81, 83, 85. 
Congal Cennfoda, King of Uladh, 89, 


Congalach, King of Airghiall, 165. 
Congalaeh, King of Conaille Muirthemne, 

Congalach, King of Leghe and Rechet, 


Congalach, son of Aedh, 221. 
Congalach, son of Conchobhar, King of 

Ui-Failghe, 848, n. *, 255, 259. 
Congalach, son of Conaing, 109, 111, 113. 
Congalach, son of Eochaidh, slain, 135. 
Congalach, son of Flann, King of Gaileng, 

slain, 227. 
Congalach, son of Maelmithidh, King of 

Ireland, 195, 203, 205, 207, 209, 211, 

Congalach, son of Irgalach, tanist-Abbot 

of Cluan-muc-Nois, dies, 131, 145. 
Conlaedh, Bishop of Cill-dara, 39. 
Conmach, Abbot of Ard-Macha, dies, 125. 
Conmael, Abbot of Hi, dies, 117. 

Conmaicne (the tribes inhabiting a dis- 
trict now comprised in the co. of Lei- 
trim and part of Longford), kings of, 
293, 297, 307; plunder Cluain-muc-Nois, 
279, 287, 303 ; plunder Inis-Clothrann, 
279; visited by a plague, 275; ravaged 
by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, 281 ; defeat 
the Connachtmen, 325; defeated, 279, 
297, 313; expelled from Magh-Ai, 317 ; 
the hostages of, taken, 347. 

Conmaicne Cuile (now the barony of Kil- 
maine, S. of co. Mayo), 107. 

Conmaicne Mara (the people of Conne- 
mara, co. Gal way), 99, 127. 

Conmal, son of Bruadaran, 199. 

Conn, son of Conchobhar, 215. 

Conn, son of Donnchadli, royal heir of 
Temhair, 207. 

Connacht (Connaught), bishop of, 219; 
kings of, 23, 35, 47, 51, 61, 63, 89, 95, 
97, 101,107,113, 115,117, 119,129, 139, 
143, 145, 149, 161, 169, 171, 177, 183, 
195, 213, 215, 217, 221, 247, 255, 263, 
269, 271, 277, 279, 285, 301. 305, 307, 
309, 311 ; Mughron, half-King of, 165 ; 
royal heirs of, 291, 293, 333 ; the hostages 
of, taken, 181, 207, 241, 259; invaded, 
193, 233, 339, 343; a battle between the 
Corca Bhaiscinn and the men of, 121 ; 
the Law of'Daire promulgated in, J35; 
plundered and devastated, 141, 145, 159, 
165, 177, 201, 221, 229; the men of, de- 
feated by the men of Midhe, 137. See 

Connacht, the East of, 273, 279, 285, 323. 

Connacht, the North of, 229. 

Connacht, the South of, 235. 

Connacht, the West of, 241, 273, 279, 293, 

Connachtacb, son of Loingsech, slain, 1 1 5. 

Connachtmen, defeat the Gentiles, 143, 
171, 199; invade Munster, 297, 317; 
defeat the men of Munster, 321 ; de- 
feated, 147, 177, 185. 

Connadh Cerr, King of Dalriada (of 
Scotland), 81, 83. 

Connecan, son of Column, slain, 155. 

Conner. See Connor. 



Connican, son of Airechtach, slain, 187. 

Connmach, Abbot of Cluain-inuc-Nois, 
dies, 161. 

Connmach Mor, King of Ui mBriuin, dies, 

Conn-na-mbocht, Bishop of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, 209, 285; Joseph, the father of, 263. 

Connor, plundered, 215. See Condere. 

Conodhar, of Fobhar, died, 117. 

Conor. See Conchobhar. 

Conrad II. See Guana. 

Conry, Kev. John, Int. ix, xxvii. 

Constantino, son of Cinaedh, King of the 
Picts, 163, 165. 

Constantino, son of Cuilen, King of Alba, 
slain, 235. 

Corann, co. Sligo, Domhnall Ua Eghra, 
King of, 265; battles in, 107, 115. 

Corca-Achlann, a district in the E. of the 
co. Roscommon, 297. 

Corca-Bhaiscinn, a territory anciently co- 
extensive with the present baronies of 
Clonderalaw and Moyarta, in the S.E. of 
the co. Clare ; chief of, 1 59 ; kings of, 
251, 279; a catastrophe in, 125; a battle 
between the men of Connacht and, 121 ; 
invaded by Aedh Ua Conchobair, 283. 

Corcach (Cork), abbots of, 109, 159, 161, 
175, 177, 197; bishops of, 153,165,213; 
plundered by Gentiles, 131, 187 ; burnt 
by Gentiles, 143, 249; the fort of, 149. 

Corca Cullu (a Connacht tribe, whose 
situation is not known), 91. 

Corca-Duibhne (now the bar. of Corka- 
guiny, co. Kerry), 183. 

Corca Mogha (Corcamoe, a territory com- 
prising the parish of Kilkerrin, bar. of 
Killian, co. Gal way), 99, 211, 241. 

Corca-Raidhe, a tribe seated anciently in 
the present barony of Corkaree, co. 
Westmeath, 291. 

Corco-che (or Corca-Oche), a Munster 
tribe, in S.W. of co. Limerick, 51. 

Corco-Firtri (a tribe anciently inhabiting 
the barony of Gallen, co. Mayo, and those 
of Leyney and Corran, co. Sligo), 207. 

Corcomruaidh (Corcomroe, co. Clare), the 
of, H5; Maelseclilainn Ua Cou- 

chobhair, King of, 267 ; ravaged by 

Kuaidhri Ua Conchobhair, 297 ; the 

men of, defeated by the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 


Corinda, death of, 101. 
Cork. See Corcach. 
Cormac, Abbot of Fobhar, 173. 
Corrnac, Bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, 

dies, 193. 
Cormac, Bishop and Abbot of Cluain- 

Iraird, dies, 137. 

Cormac, Bishop of Daimhliag, die?, 169. 
Cormac [in] dernidhe, Bishop, death of, 33. 
Cormac of Mainistir, a Bishop, dies, 301. 
Cormac Ua Liathain, Bishop, dies, 161. 
Cormac, King of Feara-Arda, slain, 213. 
Cormac " the mild," death of, 79. 
Cormac, son of Ailill, King of Munster, 

slain, 119. 

Cormac, son of Conn-na-oibocht, 303. 
Cormac, son of Cuilennan, King of Cashel, 

143, 171, 179, 181. 
Cormac, son of Maenach, King of Munster, 

slain, 117. 
Cormac, son of Mothla, King of the Deisi, 

dies, 191. 

Cormac Mac Airt, era of, 29. 
Cormac's chapel, in Cashel. See Tempol- 

Cornan, son of Aedh, murdered by Diar- 

maid Mac Cerbhaill, 53. 
Coronal tonsure, received by the " family " 

of Hi, 119. 
Corrsliabh, the Curlieu Hills, co. Koscona- 

mon, 331. 

Cosgrach, son of Flannabhrat, slain, 129. 
Cosgrach, comarb of Flannan and Bren- 

ainn, 273. 
Cows, mortality of, 113, 117,231, 315,335. 

See Cattle. 
Craebh Laisre (a place near Clonmacnois, 

King's co.), a prodigy at, 169. 
Craebh-rois-da-charn, i.e. "the tree of 

the Wood of the two cairns," situated 

in the co. Longford, a battle at, 325. 
Craebh-telcha, battle of, 241. 
Crich Ui Gabhla (i.e. the territory of Ui 

Gubhla, q. v.) 



Crimthann, King of Ireland, 17. 

Crimthann, King of Laighen, 27, 31. 

Crimthann, son of Aedh, King of Laig- 
hen, slain, 83. 

Crimhthann (a territ. in the now bar. of 
Slane, co. Meath), kings of, 269, 273. 
See Ui Crimthainn. 

Crinach, battle of, 295. 

Crinder, a battle at, 47. 

Criomthann. See Crimthann. 

Critan of Aendruim, death of, 87. 

Critan, Abbot of Bennchair, death of, 101. 

Croghan. See Cruachan. 

Croghan, hill of. See Bri-Ele. 

Cro-inis of Loch-Aininn (an island in 
Lough Ennell, co. of Westmeath), 261, 

Crom Conaill, a great mortality, 51. 

Cronan, Bishop of Naendruim, 89. 

Cronan of Balla, death of, 111. 

Cronan, Abbot of Bennchair, dies, 111. 

Cronan of Magh Bile, death of, 91. 

Cronan, Abbot of Kos-cre, comarb of, 

Cronan of Tuaim-greine, comarbsof, 265, 

Cronan, King of Ciannachta, 59. 

Cronan, son of Silne, death of, 99. 

Cronan Bee (or CronBec, i.e. Little Cron), 
Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 111. 

Cronan Mac U Loeghde, Abbot of Cluain- 
muc-Nois, 85. 

Cros-na-Screaptra (i.e. "the cross of the 
writings") at Cluain-muc-Nois, 285. 

Cruachan (Croghan, or Rathcroghan, co. 
Koscommon), the seat of the kings of 
Connacht, 129. 

Cruach-Padraig (Croagh Patrick, a moun- 
tain in Connacht), 315. 

Crundtnael, King of Cinel Eoghain, gains 
the battle of Flescach, 95. 

Crundmael Erbuilg, King of Laighen 
Desgabhair, death of, 95. 

Crunnmael, a bishop, dies, 247. 

Crunnmael, Bishop of Cill-dara, dies, 199. 

Crunnmaelof Cluain-Cain, a bishop, dies, 

Cruithen-tuaith ^Pictland), Ead, lung of, 
179, 180, n. i. 

Cruithne (Picts) of Ireland, 55, 89, 101, 

107, 109, 117. 
Cruithue of Miclhe, 101. 
Cruithne of Scotland, 71, 81, 95, 97. 
Cuailgne (Cooley, co. Louth), 219, 343. 
Cuallaidh, slain, 117. 
Cuan, son of Amhalghaidh, death of, 

86, n. <. 
Cuan, son of Enna, King of Munster, 

slain, 91. 

Cuan, King of Ui-Fidhgheinte, slain, 91. 
Cuana, son of Calcin, death of, 89. 
Cuana ( the Emperor Conrad II.), 263, 273. 
Cubretan, son of Congus, 123. 
Cu-cen-mathair (i.e. "Canis-sine-matre "), 

Abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, dies, 171. 
Cu-cen-mathair, King of Munster, 69,99. 
Cucennan, son of Tadhg, slain, 233. 
Cucerca, King of Osraighe, dies, 117. 
Cuchenn, son of Laighnen, slain, 95. 
Cuchullain, era of, 21. 
Cucongelt, King of Southern Laighen, 

dies, 129. 
Cucounacht, chieftain of Sil-Anmchadha, 

slain, 245. 
Cucuarain, King of the Cruithne and of 

Uladh, slain, 117. 
Cudinaisc, slain, 117. 
Cuduiligh, King of Fera-tulach, 227. 
Cuduiligh, son of Cennedigh, slam, 251. 
Cuduiligh, son of Eochaidh, slain, 241. 
Cugamhna, son of Suibhne, dies, 93. 
Cuil-Coil, battle of, 67. 
Cuil Conaire, in Cera (Carra, co. Mayo), 

battle of, 51. 
Cuil Corra (now Coolarn, near Galtrim, 

co. Meath), battle of, 93. 
Cuil, in the barony of Carbury, 

co. Sligo, battle of, 53. 
Cuil Uinnsend, in Teffia, battle of, 55. 
Cuilen, son of Ilulb, King of Alba, slaia, 


Cuilen, King of Osraighe, 201. 
Cuilen, the sons of, 267. 
Cuilene, King of Ui-Failghe, slain, 93. 
Cuillne, battle of, 51. 
Cuimin Foda (i.e. "Cuimia the tall"), 

63, 97, 


Cuimine, Bishop of Naendruim, dies, 95. 
Cuindidh, i.e. Mac Cuilind, Bisliop of 

Lusca, dies, 33. 
Cuini, son of Colman, slays Baedan, King 

of Temhair, 61. 
Cuircne (Kilkenny West, co. Westmcath), 

chiefs of, 213, 271. 
Culen, son of Etigen, slain, 237. 
Cul-Maile or Cul-Maine (Collooncy, co. 

Sligo), conflict of, 105 ; the castle of, 

erected, 325. 

Culmana, sister of St. Patrick, and mo- 
ther of St. Secundinus, 25. 
Culuachra, King of Ciarraighe-Luachra, 

Cumaine, son of Libren, slays Baedan, 

King of Temhair, 63. 
Cuman, son of Colman, slain, 81. 
Cumascach, or Cumasgach. See Cumus- 


Cumin Fota. See Cuimin Fota. 
Cumine, Abbot of Bennchair, 101. 
Cumine, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 99. 
Cumine Albus, Abbot of Hi, 101. 
Cumuscach, or Cumascach, King of Air - 

ghiall, slain, 135. 
Cumusgach, King of Cinel Lacghaire, 

dies, 169. 
Cumusgach, King of Ui Crimthainn, slain, 


Cumusgach, son of Aedh, murdered, 65. 
Cumusgach, son of Aengus, slain, 85. 
Cumusgach, son of Flaithri, 241. 
Cumusgach, son of Ronan, death of, 103. 
Cunda, son of Ceallach, murder of, 101. 
Cunga (Cong) burned, 337. 
Cunghill. See Conachail. 
Cunnenn, Bishop of Condere, 273. 
Curlieu hills. See Seghais. 
Curoi, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach, slain, 

Cusinna, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, slain, 

Cycles, 185. 

Dabhall, now the river Blackwater, which 
flows between the cos. of Armagh and 
Tyrone, 15, 215. 

Dachonna, of Dairc, dies, 1 15. 

Dachua (alias Mochua), of Balla (in Mayo 
co.), death of, 85. 

Dacia, 11. 

Daciaroc, Saint, of Aracul, 135. 

Dagan, of Inbher Daile, 87. 

Daghda, the, one of the Tuatha De Da- 
nann, 9. 

Daigh Mac Cairill, 63. 

Daimhin, son of Coirpre Damhargaid, 57. 

Daimhinis (Devenish Island, in Lough 
Erne), death of St. Molaise of, 57; 
abbots of, 139, 161, 175; Sillan, Bishop 
of, 95 ; plundered, 131 ; destroyed, 

Daimhliag, or Daimhliag of Cianan (Du- 
leek, co. Meath), death of St. Cianan 
of, 31; abbots of, 149, 161, 163; bishops 
of, 131, 169, 181, 193, 199; spoiled by 
Gentiles, 139; the oratory of, plun- 
dered, 167; pillaged, 273; taken by the 
Gailenga, 323. 

Daircill, Bishop of Glenn-da-locha, 1 05. 

Daire, the Rule or Law of, 129, 135. 

Daire, Finnachda, comarb of, 203. 

Daire Calgaigh (Derry, or Londonderry), 
75, 139. 

Daire, Daire-Mochonna, or Daire-Disert- 
Dachonna (not identified), death of 
Dachonna of, 115; Gentiles defeated at, 

Dalach, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, dies, 157. 

Dalach, chief of Cinel-Conaill, slain, 163. 

Dalaise, or Molaise, Abbot of Leithglinn, 
dies, 87. 

Dal-Araidhe (a territory extending from 
Newry, co. Down, to Slemish, co. An- 
trim), kings of, 29, 81, 113, 175, 177, 
185, 199, 225, 243, 257; a battle between 
the Ultonians and the men of, 221 ; in- 
vaded, 215, 309; thehostages of, taken, 

Dal-Cais (the tribe name of the O'Briens 
of Thomond), 211, 215,229, 299, 313. 

Dal-Fiachach, or Dal-Fiatach (i.e. the 
tribe or race of Fiatach Finn, who were 
seated in the present co. of Down), 
Fiachna, son of Deman, king of, 81. 



Dal-Riada (Irish) Diarmaid, son of Seal- 

bhach, king of, 187. 
Dal-Kiada (Scotch), 35, 81, 83, 103, 115, 


Dalian, son of Mor, a poet, 182, n. 1. 
Daniel, Bishop of Cinngarad, dies, 95. 
Daniel, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, dies, 

Daniel Ua Luaithidhe, Abbot of Corcach 

andLis-mor, mortally wounded, 159. 
Dano-Irish. See Gall-Gaeidhel. 
Darerca, mother of St. Ciaran of Cluain- 

muc-Nois, 49. 
Darerca, St., of Cill-Slebhe-Cuilinn (Kil- 

levy, co. Armagh), death of, 39. 
Dargarta, son of Finnghuine, murder of, 

Dartraighe (Dartry, or the bar. of Ross- 

clogher, co. Loitrim), 211. 
Dartraighe of Daimhinis (Dartry, co. 

Monaghan), 161. 
Dathi. See Nathi. 
David, St., death of, 63. 
Dealbhaeth, one of the Tuatha De Da- 

nann, 9. 
Dealbhna-Bethra, orDealbhna-Ethra (now 

the bar. of Garrycastle, King's co.), 240, 

Ti.i; kings of, 137, 175, 241, 281, 335, 

347 ; plundered, 143. 
Dealbhna-bec (i.e. "little Delvin.," now 

the bar. of Demi-Fore, co. Westmeath), 


Dealbhna-mor, now Delvin, co. West- 
meath, 341. 
Dealbhna Nuadhat (a territ. in the co. 

Galway, between the rivers Suck and 

Shannon), 129. 

Dealgan, in Cantyre, the battle of, 60, n. 1 . 
Deas-Mumha, or . Deas-Mumhain (Des- 
mond), 323, 325, 327, 331. 
Dedimus, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 179. 
Dedimus, tanist-Abbot of Cluain-muc- 

Nois, J95. 
Delenn (Magh Delenn, co. Donegal?), 

battle of, 95. 
Delg, battle of, 35. 
Delg-Inis, i.e. "the thorn island," now 

Dalkey, near Dublin, 203. 

Deisi, Desi, or Deisi-Mutnhan (Decies, co. 

Waterford), kings of, 101, 1 13, 155, 165, 

175, 191, 235, 251, 301 ; a slaughter of 

the people of, 203. 
Delbhna. See Dealbhna. 
Delvin, river. See Albene. 
Deman, son of Cairell, 51, 59. 
Dennlis (not identified), 181. 
Derbhail, daughter of Congalach, son of 

Maclmithidh, dies, 249. 
Derbhail, daughter of Tadhg, son of 

Cathal, dies, 247. 
Derc-Ferna (the cave of Dunmore, co. 

Kilkenny), demolition of, 199. 
Derforgaill, mother of Muircertach Ua 

Briain, dies, 305. 
Dermait, Dermot, or Diarmaid, Abbot of 

Ard-Macha, 151, 153. 
Dermhagh. See Duirmhagh. 
Derlas, Maelgarbh, King of, 199. See 


Derry. See Daire Calgaigh. 
Desi. See Deise. 

Detna, in Droma-Bregh, battle of, 39. 
Devenish Island. See Daimhinis. 
Diarmaid, Diarmait, or Dermot, Abbot of 

Ard-Macha, 151, 153. 
Diarmaid, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 75. 
Diarmaid, Abbot of Hi, 13), 137, 139. 
Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, King of 

Ireland, 85, 89. 
Diarmaid, son of Domhnall, King of Ui- 

Cennsealaigh, dies, 237. 
Diarmaid, son of Enna, King of Laighen, 

dies, 321. 
Diarmaid, son of Maelnambo, 283, 289, 

Diarmaid, son of Tomaltach, KingofCon- 

nacht, 131, 139. 
Diarmaid, son of Uathmaran, King of 

Luighne, dies, 231. 
Diarmaid Mac Cerbhaill, King of Ireland, 

49, 53, 55, 57. 

Diarmaid, King of Dal-Riada, slain, 187. 
Diarmaid, King of Loch Gabhar, slain, 


Diarmaid Midhe, King of Midhe, 109. 
Diarmaid, King of Osraighe, 199. 



Diarmaid, King of Sil-Anmchadha, slain, 


Diarmaid, grandson of Aedh Roin, ancho- 
rite, dies, 133. 
Dichull, son of Eochaidb, King of Cinel 

Cruitline, 81. 

Dicull, son of Fergus Tuile, slain, 83. 
Diina, a Bishop, death of, 97. 
Dima Dubh, Bishop of Connor, 95. 
Dioceses, formation of certain, 315. 
Dirath, Bishop of Ferna, 111. 
Diseases. See Pestilences. 
Disert-Ciarain (Castlekieran, co. Meath), 

Disert-Diarmada (Castledermot, co. Kil- 

dare), plundered by Gentiles, 145. 
Disert-Tola (Dysart, bar. of Delvin, co. 

Westineath), plundered, 221. 
Diucull, murder of, 75. 
Dochuniachonoc, Abbot of Glenn-da- locha, 

death of, 109. 

Doimnerc. See Liath Manchan. 
Domangart (Donard) Mac Nissi, St., 27. 
Domangart, King of Dal-Riada, 103. 
Domhnach Maghen (Donaghmoyne, co. 

Monaghan), 139. 
Domhnach Padraig (Douaghpatrick, co. 

Meath), 149, 211, 235. 
Domhnall, Bishop of Mainistir-Buite, dies, 

Domhnall, son of Aedh, King of Ireland, 

73, 81, 83, 85,87. 
Domhnall, son of Aedh, King of Ailech, 

171, 181, 187. 
Domhnall, son of Amhalghaidh, comarb 

of Patrick, dies, 311. 
Domhnall, son of Cathal, King of Con- 

nacht, dies, 119. 
Domhnall, son of Cathal, royal heir of 

Connacht, 195. 

Domhnall, son of Cathal, slain, 251. 
Domhnall (or Donnchadh), son of Ceallach, 

King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, 223. 
Domhnall, son of Couall Crandamlma, 

murder of, 113. 
Domhnall, son of Congalach, King of 

Cnoghbha, or Bregh, 215, 217, 219, 221, 

223, 225. 

Domhnall, son of Constantino, King of 

Alba, dies, 177. 
Domhnall, son of Diarmaid, King of Corca- 

Bhaiscinn, slain, 251. 
Domhnnll, son of Donnchadh, royal heir 

of Temhair, 211. 
Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhairenn, 253, 

Domhnall, son of Dubhtuinne, King of 

Uladh, slain, 245. 
Domhnall, son of D unhung, 271. 
Domhnall, son of Emhin, slain, 253. 
Domhnall, sou of Eochaidh, slain, 241. 
Domhnall, son of Eoghan, King of Britain, 

dies, 223. 
Domhnall, son of Faelan, King of the 

Deisi, dies, 235. 
Domhnall, son of Finn, royal heir of 

Laighen, 209. 
Domhnall, son of Flann, King of Midhe, 

slain, 193. 

Domhnall, son of Gairbhith, 187. 
Domhnall, son of Lorcan, King of Aidlme, 

Domhnall, son of Mac Erca, King of 

Ireland, 47, 61, 53, 57. 
Domhnall, son of Muircertach, King of 

Ireland, 213, 215, 219, 221, 223, 225. 
Domhnall, son of Muirigen, King of 

Laighen, 167, 169. 
Domhnall, grandson of Murchadh Glun- 

ilair, slam, 263. 
Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri, King of Sil- 

Muiredhaigh, dies, 321. 
Domhnall, son of Senchan, slain, 265. 
Domhnall, son of Tighernan, King of 

Conmaicne, slain, 293. 
Domhnall, son of Tuathalan, 97. 
Domhnall, King of Luighne of Connacht, 


Domhnall, King of Muscraidhe-tire, 233. 
Domhnall Brec, 77, 85, 87, 109. 
Domhnall Claen, King of Laighen, 221, 

225, 227, 229. 

Domhnall Got, King of Midhe, 269. 
Domhnall Mac Alpin, King of the Picts, 

dies, 157. 
Doruhuall Ua Macilechlainn, 185. 



Domhnall Ua Neill, devastation of Laig- 

hen by, 125. 

Donaghmoyne. See Domhnach Magheu. 
Donaghpatrick. See Domhuach Padraig. 
Donard, St. See Domangart. 
Bonn, King of Teabhtha, slain, 233. 
Donn, son of Dongal, 257. 
Donn, son of Milidh, 13. 
Donnabhan, son of Imhar, slain, 235. 
Donnabhan, King of Ui-Fidhghente, 223. 
Donnacan, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, slain, 

Donnacan, son of Maeltuile, dies in Italy, 

Donnacan (or Donncuan), son of Cenne- 

digh, slain, 211. 

Donnagan, King of Airghiall, 219. 
Donnagan, King of Laighen, 257. 
. Donnan of Eg, burning of, 75. 
Donnchadh, Abbot of Cill-delga, slain, 


Donnchadh, son of Blathmac, 91. 
Donnchadh, son of Brian, 253, 259, 263, 

265, 267, 269, 277, 287. 
Donnchadh, son of Ceallach, King of 

Osraighe, 207, 223. 
Donnchadh, or Domhnall, son of Ceallach, 

King of Ui- Cennsealaigh, 223. 
Donnchadh, son of Ceallachan, King of 

Munster, 215. 
Donnchadh, son of Critan, chief King of 

Alba, slain, 273. 
Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, half-King 

of Midhe, 209. 
Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, King of 

Laighen, slain, 237, 299. 
Donnchadh, son of Doinhiiall, royal heir 

of Temhair, slain, 1 95. 
Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, royal heir 

of the north of Ireland, 197. 
Donnchadh, son of Dunlaing, King of 

Laighen, blinded, 273. 
Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Finn, 249. 
Donnchadh, son of Eoganan, 77. 
Donnchadh, son of Flann, King of Ire- 
land, 179, 191, 193, 201, 203, 205, 207. 
Donnchadh, son of Follainhan, plundered, 


Donnchadh, son of Gilla-Padraic, 241, 257. 
Donnchadh, son of Maelcoluim, King of 

Alba, slam, 303. 
Donnchadh, sou of Maelechlainn, slain, 

Donnchadh, son of Tuathal, royal heir of 

Laighen, 217. 

Donnchadh, Khig of Caiscl, dies, 171. 
Donnchadh, King of Ui-mBairche, slain, 

Donnchadh, Kong of Ui nEchdach, dies, 


Donnchadh Finn, son of Aedh, 221, 223. 
Donnchadh Got, the son of, 277. 
Donnchadh Ua Maeilechlainn, 1 85. 
Donncuan, son of Dunlaing, King of 

Laighen, 255. 

Donncuan, King of Teabhtha, slain, 189. 
Donncuan (or Donnacan), sou of Cenne- 

digh, slain, 211. 
Donngal, tanist- Abbot of Cluain-muc- 

Nois, dies, 291. 

Donugal, Bishop of Corcach, 165. 
Dor, son of Aedh Allan, 79. 
Dorsum Britanniae, 119. 
Downpatrick. See Druim-leth-glaise, 

and Dunlethglaise. 
Droma-Bregh (" Dorsa Bregiae "), 39. 
Drost, King of the Picts, death of, 102, . 2 , 

105. See Drust. 
Druidical Erbhe. See Erbhe. 
Druids, 11, 13, 53, 55. 
Druim-bo (now Drunibo, co. Down), 243. 
Druim- Cleithe, battle of, 51. 
Druim-cliabh (Drumcliff, co. Sligo), Flann 

Ua Beccan, Airchinnech of, 211. 
Druim-da-mhaighe (now Drum-caw, bar. 

of Coolstown, King's co.), battle of, 


Druim Dergaighe, battle of, 39. 
Druim-Hubhla, plundering of, 139. 
Druim-inasglainn (now Druuiiskin, co. 

Louth), 167, 219. 
Druim-leth-glaise (Downpatrick), death 

of Fergus, bishop of, 61. 
Druim Lochumighe (some place in the 

co. Louth), battle of, 35. 
Drumi-mic-Erce, battle of, 61, 



Druim-Raithe (now Dmmraney, barony 
of Kilkenny West, co. Westmeath), 83, 
209, 235, 257. 

Druman-Ui-Clerchin (now Drumin, near 
Kilmallock, co. Limerick), 299. 

Drumraney. Sec Druim-Raithe. 

Drust Mac Erb, King of the Picts, death 
of, 25, n. See Drost. 

Duach Teugumha, King of Connacht, 
slain, 35. 

Dubhcabhlaigh, wife of Brian, dies, 247. 

Dubhcabhlaigh, daughter of Aedh Ua 
Conchobhair, dies, 299. 

Dubhcenn, son of Imhar of Luimnech, 

Dubhcuilinn, Abbot of Ros-ech, 179. 

Dubhdabhairenn, King of Munster, 213. 

Dubhdachrich, son of Dubhdainbher, 123. 

Dubhdalethe, comarb of Patrick and 
Colum Cille, 217, 237. 

Dubhdalethe, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 285, 

Dubhdainbher, King of Ard Ciannachta, 
slain, 109. 

Dubhdaingen, King of Connacht, 271. 

Dubhdiberg, son of Dungal, slain, 115. 

Dubhduin, comarb of Colum Cille, 213. 

Dubhduin, King of Cinel Cairpre, 103. 

Dubhduin Ua Becce, slain, 1 1 9. 

Dubheassa, daughter of Brian, dies, 281. 

Dubhgall, son of Amhlaibh, slain, 253. 

Dubhgall, son of Aedh, royal heir of 
Uladh, 195. 

Dubh-gall(i.e. black foreigner) Fulf, a, 163. 

Dubh-Ghenti (i.e. "Black Gentiles") 
arrive at Ath-cliath, 151 ; commit de- 
predations, on the other Foreigners, 
151; defeat Finn-Ghenti, 153; Horm, 
chief of, slain, 155. See Gentiles. 

Dubhgilla, King of Teabhtha, 191. 

Dubhgilla, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 179. 

Dubhgualai, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, 

Dubhindracht, King of Ui-mBriuin-Ai, 

Dubhlachtna, King of Caisel, 171, 175. 

Dubhlena, Queen of Ireland, 205. 

Dubhlinn (Dublin), a fortress erected by 

foreigners at, 143; Gentiles at, 145 ^hin- 
dering of, by Maelsechlainn, 149. See 

Dubhsgaile, comarb of Colum Cille, dies, 

Dubhslanga, son of Aedh, 241. 

Dubhsloit Ua Trena, 53. 

Dubhtir-Atha-Luain (i.e. the Black dis- 
trict of Athlone), 193. 

Dubhtuinne, son of Ardgal, slain, 24 1 . 

Dubhtuinne(i.e. the "Tore," or "Boar,") 
King of Uladh, slain, 245. 

Dublin. See Ath-cliath, and Dubhlinn. 

Dujtach, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 39. 

Duibhlitir, a priest, slain, 195. 

Duinsech, Queen of Ireland, death of, 87. 

Duirmhagh, Dermhagh, or Dairmagh 
(Durrow, King's co.), 63, 139, 151, 259, 

Duisech, daughter of Duach, King of 
Connacht, 35. 

Duleek. See Daimhliag. 

Dumagh Aicher, battles of, 27, 81. 

Dumlia-na-nDeisi (i.e. the mound of the 
Deisi), a place in Louth, not identified, 

Dunadhach, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 213. 

Dun-aiched, a fort near Groom, co. Lime- 
rick, 299, 301. 

Dunamon. See Dun-Imghan. 

Dunan, Bishop of Ath-cliath, dies, 291. 

Dun Bolg (near Kilbaylet, co. Wicklow), 
battle of, 65. 

Dun Buchad (Dunboyke, co. Wicklow), 65. 

Dun Cearmna (i.e. Cearmna's fort, the 
Old Head of Kinsale), 155. 

Dun Ceithern, or Dun Cethirn (now the 
Giant's Sconce, co. Londonderry), 83, 

Dunchadh, Abbot of Hi, dies, 119. 

Dunchadh, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 205. 

Dunchadh, comarb of Ciaran, 223. 

Dunchadh, King of Caisel, 165. 

Dunchadh, King of Airghiall, slain, 105. 

Dunchadh Muirsce, King of Connacht 
slain, 107. 



Dunchadh, King of Ui Fidhgheinte, 141. 
Dunchadh, King of Umhall, slain, 129. 
Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine, 95. 
Dunchadh, son of Couaing, slain, 95. 
Dunchadh, son of Orcdoith, 109. 
Dunchadh Ua Ronain, 103. 
Dun-cluana-Ithair, a man hanged at, 329. 
Dun Crimhthainn (a fort which anciently 

stood on the Hill of Howth), battle of, 

Dun-Dealga, in Conailie, (now Duhdalk), 


Dundrum bay. See Loch Rudhraidhe. 
Dun-Dubhain, the battle of, 343. 
Dun-Echach, 243. 

Duuflaith, daughter of Maelmithidh, 205. 
Dun Forgo, 105. 
Duu-Gaillmhe (fortress of Galway), the 

castle of, erected, 325. 
Dungal, son of Baithin, Abbot and Bishop 

of Glenn-da-locha, 179. 
Dungal, King of Cinel Boghaine, slain, 


Dungal, King of the Cruithne, burnt, 107. 
Dungal, son of Fergal, King of Osraighe, 

dies, 145. 
Dun-Imghan (now Dunamon, barony of 

Ballimoe, co. Galway), burnt, 345. 
Dunlaing, son of Muiredhach, King of 

Laighen, dies, 161. 
Dunlaing, son of Tuathal, King of Laighen, 


Dunlang, son of Cairbre, dies, J 85. 
Dunlang, royal heir of Munster, 231. 
Dunleer. See Lann Lere. 
Dun-Leodha (Dunlo, at Ballinasloe, co. 

Galway), a bridge built at, 323 ; the 

castle of, 325. 
Dun-leth-glaise (Downpatrick), 33, 133, 

205, 245, 275. See Druiin-leth-glaise. 
Dun-Maeiltuile (not identified), a victory 

gained over the Gentiles at, 149. 
Durmagh. See Duirmhagh. 
Dun-Masc (now Donamase, Queen's co.), 

plundered by Gentiles, 145. 
Dun-Suobhairce (Dunseverick, co. An- 
trim), plundered by Foreigners, 197. 
Dunstan, chief bishop of the Saxons, 231. 

Durlas, or Derlas, kings of, 97, 239. 
Durrow, King's co. (see Duirmhagh). 

Eachmarcach, son of Raglmall, King of 
Dublin, 279. 

Eachtigern, King of Laighen Desgabhair, 
slain, 153. See Echtigern. 

Ead, KingofCruithen-tuaith, 179, 180, n. 1 . 

Earthquakes, 35, 99, 107. 

Eas-Ruaidh (Assaroe, Ballyshannon, co. 
Donegal), 143, 245, 307. 

Ebha (now Machaire Ebha, "plain of 
Ebha," a plain in the barony of Car- 
bury, co. Sligo), 47. 

Ebhir (pron. Evir), son of Milidh, 13. 

Ebhlinn (Sliabh-Phelim mountains, co. 
Tipperary), battle of, 41. 

Echtighern, son of Cennedigh, slain, 211. 

Echtighern, King of Breghmhaine, 195. 

Eclipses of the Moon, 127, 103, 111, 159, 

Eclipses of the Sun, 33, 35,63, 99, 109, 159, 
167, 169, 203, 263, 335. 

Edan Ua Fiachrach, death of, 57. 

Eden. See Etan. 

Edgar, King of the Saxons, dies, 223. 

Edged Brit, Bishop of Cill-dara, dies, 159. 

Edirsgel, Bishop and Abbot of Glenn-da- 
locha, dies, 129. 

Edward, son of Maelcoluim, slain, 301. 

Edwin, son of Aelle, King of the Saxons, 
83, n. G . 

Eg (Egg Island), death of Donnan of, 75. 

Egartach, the sons of, 267. 

Eglais-beg (i.e. "the little church," at 
Cluain-muc-Nois), 209. 

Egypt, visited by Milidh (Milesius), 11. 

Eiccnech, King of the Airthera, slain, 121. 

Eidhnen ({.e. " the little ivy," a name fof 
a church), 162, n. 2 . 

Eignech, King of Airghiall, slain, 215. 

Eignechan, son of Dalach, King of Cinel 
Conaill, dies, 181. 

Eile, Ele, or Eli (the inhabitants of Ely- 
O'Carroll, which anciently comprised 
the baronies of Bally britt and Clonlisk, 
King's co., and those of Eliogarty and 
Ikerrin, co. Tipperary), 263, 285, 343. 



Eilne (the ancient name of a plain in the 

north of the co. Antrim, between the 

rivers Bush and Bann), burned, 57. 
Eircno. See lercne. 
Eiremhon, lord of Cinel-Maine, 191. 
Eiremhon, half-King of Uladh, slain, 169. 
Eithne, Queen of Bregh, dies, 191. 
Eithne, Queen of Ireland, 211. 
Eithne, Queen of Munster, slain, 31. 
Elair, son of Barid, slain, 173. 
Ele, or Eli. See Eile. 
Eloir, son of largni, 171. 
Elphin. See Ailfin. 
Ely, or Greenan-Ely. See Ailech. 
Emhain, or Emhain Macha (the ancient 

seat of the kings of Ulster, now the fort, near Armagh), 61, 131. 
Emly, co. Tipperary. See Imlech Ibhair. 
Enan of Druim-Raithe, death of, 83. 
Endeus, St., of Aran. See Oena. 
En-inis (i.e. " Bird Island"), in Fotharta- 

tire, plundered, 193. 
Enna, son of Cathbadh, death of, 25. 
Enna, son of Murchadh, King of Laighen, 

dies, 327. 

Eocha, son of Dunadhach, 251. 
Eochacan, half-King of Uladb, slain, 169. 
Eochaidh, death of, 7 1 . 
Eochaiuh, son of Ardgal, King of Uladh, 

227, 241. 

Eochaidh, son of Blathmac, 95. 
Eochaidh, son of Conlaedh, King of Uladh, 

Eochaidh, son of Enna Cennsealach, slays 

Niall of the Nine Hostages, 19. 
Eochaidh Buidhe, son of Aedhan, 83. 
Eochaidh Find, grandson of Muiredach, 59. 
Eochaidh Guinech, 31. 
Eochaidh larlaithe, King of the Cruithne, 


Eochaidh Mac Cairpre, 31, 33. 
Eochaidh Muighmedhoin (pron. " Eohy 

Muee-veon"), King of Ireland, 15, 17. 
Eochaidh, King of Dal-Araidhe, 221. 
Eochaidh, " the son of," King of Uladh, 

263, 277, 287. 
Eochaidh UaTuathail, Bishop and Abbot 

ofLughmhagh, 131. 

Eoganan, son of Tuathalan, 97. 

Eoghan, Bishop of Connacht, 219. 

Eoghan, son of Corcran (an alias name 
for Mac Tail of Cill-Cuillinn, q. v.) 

Eoghan, son of Crunnmael, 101. 

Eoghan, son of Torbach, anchorite, 149. 

Eoghan Bel, King of Connacht, 47. 

Eoghan Mainistrech, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 
135, 137, 141. 

Eoghan Tobair, Abbot of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, 165. 

Eoghanacht, pron. Onaght (the descend- 
ants of Eoghan Mor, King of Munster 
in the second century, represented now 
by the O'Donoghues), 75. 

Eoghanacht-Chaisil, or Northern Eoghan- 
acht, a branch of the Eoghanacht or 
race of Eoghan Mor, seated near Cashel, 
149, 267. 

Erard Mac Coisi, chief poet of the Irish, 

Erbhe, druidical, a kind of charm, 55. 

Ere, Bishop of Slane, dies, 35. 

Eremon, son of Milidh, 13. 

Erennan (or Herennan) son of Milidh, 13, 

Ereran the Wise, death of, 99. 

Erinn, the name of a hill in Magh Life, 27. 

Eriu. See Cesar. 

Ernan, son of Cresin, death of, 85. 

Ernan, son of Fiachna (chief of Cinel 
Feradhaigh), 83, 85. 

Erne, river. See Samaoir. 

Errigal-Keeroge (Aracul), 135, n. 6 . 

Erudhan, chieftain of Ui Breasail, slain, 

Esserninus (or Iserninus) St., sent to the 
Irish, 23. 

Etan or Eden, i.e. Cair-Eden, now Car- 
riden, in Linlithgowshire, 85. 

Etar (Howth) 249. 

Etcen, Bishop, death of, 61. 

Fabhar (Fore) Abbots of, 99, 155. See 


Fachtna, son of Maelduin, 161. 
Faelan, son of Colman, King of Laighen, 

81,83, 101. 



Faelan, son of Muiredhach, King of 

Laighen, 195, 205. 
Faelan, King of Osraighe, 95. 
Faelan, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, 175. 
Faelchar Ua Maelodhra, slain, 111. 
Faelchu, King of Midhe, 85. 
Faelchu, son of Maelunia, slain, 97. 
Faelglms, Abbot of Ros-crt'-, dies, 157 
Fahan. See Othan, andFothan. 
Failbhe Flann, King of Minister, 81. 
Failbhe, Abbot of Hi, 103, 105. 
Failbhe, son of Eochaidh, 81. 
Failbhe Bee, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 


Failbhe, King of Munster, 83, 85. 
Failbhe Flann Fidhbadh, 79. 
Fair of Taillten, 17J, 173, 245. See 

under Taillten. 
Famines in Ireland, 113, 133, 177, 215, 

242, n. 6, 277, 319. 

Fame, or Lindisfarne. See Inis Medgoit. 
Fea, from whom Magh-Fea is named, 7. 
Fealla (a territ. not identified), Tolorg, 

chief of, slain, 145. 

Feara-Arda (Ferrard, co. Louth), 213. 
Feara-Bile (Farbill, co. Westmeath), 261. 
Feara-Ceall (a territory in the King's 

CO.), kings of, 193, 215, 259, 277, 295, 

339, 347 ; plundered, 143. 
Feara-cul-Teabhtha ( a territ. in the n.w. 

of the co. Westmeath), 165, 211. 
Feara-Luirg (now the bar. of Lurg, co. 

Fermanagh), 271, 281. 
Feara-Maighe (Fermoy bar., co. Cork), 

kings of, 89, 251. 
Feara-Manach (or Fermanagh) Niall Ua 

Eghnigh, King of, 281. 
Feara-Midhe (Meath and Westmeath), 

divided into dioceses, 3)5. 
Feara-Tulach (Fartullagh, co. West- 
meath), 227, 341. 
Feardomnach, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

Feartas-Camsa, a ford on the Bann, near 

Camus, co. Londonderry, 307. 
Feast of Temhair, celebrated, 25, 27, 53. 
Fechin, St., of Fobhar, death of, 99; 

comarbs of, 229, 239. 

Fechtgna. Sec Fethgna. 

Fedhlimidh, son of Crimhthann, King of 

Munster, 131, 133, 139, 141, 143, 147. 
Fcdhlimidh, son of Tigcrnach, King of 

Munster, death of, G3. 
Feidhlimidh. See Fedhlimidh. ' 
Feimin (or Feimhin) an ancient plain in 

Munster, in the present baronies of Iffa 

and Otfa East, co. Tipperary, 25, 59. 

See Magh Feimhin. 
Femhin. See Feimin. 
Fenius Farsa, 5. 
Fennor. Sec Finnabhair, and Finnabliair- 


Feradhach, Abbot of Hi, dies, 167. 
Feradhach, son of Corgal, 109. 
Feradhach, son of Tuathalan, 109. 
Feradhach Meith, death of, 111. 
Fera Cul (a territ. in Meath, nearly co- 
extensive with the present bar. of Kells), 

109, 111. 

Fera-Ross, situation of, 1 22, n. *. 
Fera-Tulach. See Feara-Tulach. 
Ferdomhnach, " Sapiens' 1 of Ard-Macha, 

dies, 147. 
Ferdomhnach, comarb of Colum Cille, 

dies, 247. 
Fergal, son of Conaing, King of Ailech, 

Fergal, son of Domlmall, King of the 

North (of Ireland), 199, 201. 
Fergal, son of Eochaidh Lemhna, slain, 

Fergal, son of Loingsech, King of Cinel 

Conaill, 117. 
Fergal, son of Maelduin, King of Ireland, 

117, 119, 121. 

Fergal, King of Connacht, dies, 1 13. 
Fergal Got, son of Aengus, 209. 
Fergal Ua Aithechda, slain, 121. 
Fergal Ua Conaing, slain, 119. 
Ferghal, son of Aengus, slain, 187. 
Fergil, Bishop of Finnabhair, dies, 181. 
Fergna, Abbot of Hi, death of, 77. 
Fergna Ua Ibdaigh, King of Uladh, slain, 


Fergraidh, King of Munster, 215. 
Fergus of Ros-Ailithre, dies, 161. 



Fergus, son of Bresal, King of Cobha, 
death of, 109. 

Fergus, son of Colman Mor, King of 
Midhe, murder of, 75. 

Fergus, son of Dorahnall, slain, 93. 

Fergus, son of Domhnall, royal heir of 
Ailech, 259. 

Fergus, son of Fothadh, King of Con- 
nacht, dies, 145. 

Fergus, son of Muccid, dies, 101. 

Fergus, son of Muirigen, chief of Ui- 
Crimhthainn, 189. 

Fergus, son of Nellin, 59. 

Fergus, son of Haghallach, 95. 

Fergus Mor Mac Erca, King of Ireland, 
35,47, 51, 53, 57. 

Fergus, son of Loingsech ("MacLoing- 
sigh "), Abbot of Ard-Macha, death of, 
133, 135. 

Fergus, Bishop of Druim-leth-glaise, 61. 

Fergus, King of Cinel Cairpre, 107. 

Fergus Cirrbel, kills Oilill Molt, 29. 

Fergus Fial, King of Cuailgne, 219. 

Fergus Forcraith, slain, 1 15. 

Fergus Sgandail, King of Munster, 61. 

Fergus Ua Eoghain, slain, 1 23. 

Fermoy. See Feara-Maighe. 

Ferna, or Ferna-M6r (Ferns, co. Wexford), 
death of St. Maedhog of, 79, 97; death 
of Dirath, Bishop of, 111; burning of, 
by Gentiles, 143 ; plundering of, by 
Gentiles, 141. 

Fernuihagh (Farney, co. Monaghan), 1 13, 
187, 207, 331. 

Fersat (not identified), battle of, 101. 

Ferta, or Ferta-Nimhe (a place on the 
Boyne, near Navan, co. Meath), 143, 

Fethgna, or Fechtgna, Abbot of Ard- 
Macha, 151, 153, 157, 165. 

Festology of ./Engus C&e Dd, 39. 

Fiach Ua Ugfadau, slays Corinac, son of 
Cuilennan, 181. 

Fiachaidb, or Fiacha, son of Niall, 37, 39. 

Fiaclma Caech (i.e. Fiachna, the one- 
eyed), son of Baedan, 71. 

Fiachna, son of Baedan, King of Dal- 
Araidhe, 59, 65, 67, 77, 81. 

Fiachna, King of Uladh, slain, 171. 
Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Dal- 

Fiacliach, 67, 81. 
Fiachra, son of Ciaran, 75. 
Fiachra, son of Finghin, 75. 
Fiachra Lonn, King of Dal-Araidhe, 29. 
Fiachra, King of Feara-tulach, 227. 
Fiachra, son of Radubh, chieftain of 

Muinter-Maeilsinna, 235. 
Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa, synod of, 313. 
Fiauamhail, King of Laighen, mortal 

wounding of, 105. 
Fidh-Eoin (pron. "Fee-owin," a place not 

identified, but apparently in Scotland), 

battle of, 81. 

Fidhghellach, King of Ui Maine, 111. 
Fidhnacha (Fenagh, co. Leitrira), battle 

of, 303. 

Finan, son of Airennan, dies, 105. 
Finan, son of Rimidh, death of, 95. 
Finbil, Abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, dies, 


Finchu Ua Rebain, 117. 
Fingal, or Fine-Gall, the northern part of 

the co. Dublin, 249, 279, 281. 
Finghin the Long, death of, 111. 
Finghin, son of Fiachra Encridhe, death 

of, 77. 
Finghin, bishop of the Family of Hi, 

dies, 217. 

Finn, river (in Ulster), 9. 
Finnabhair (Fennor, near Kildare), battle 

of, 41. 
Finnabhair (Fennor, co. Westmeath), 

battle of, 133. 
Finnabhair-abha (Fennor, bar. of Duleek 

co. Meath), 151, 181. 
Finnacan, son of Allailedh, 145. 
Finnachda, or Finnachta, Abbot of Cor- 

cach, 197. 

Finuachda, Abbot of Daimhliag, 149. 
Finnachda, coniarb of Daire, 203. 
rinnachda, King of Laighen, dies, 127. 
Finnachda, son of Tomaltach, dies, 149. 
Finnachda Fledach, King of Ireland, 103, 

105, 109, 111. 
Finnan, Finnen, or Finnian, of Cluain- 

Iraird, death of, 51; comarbs of, 211. 

Jh v - v \ 

Z !;" 

* r- v :: '. l 



221, 255. See under Cluain-Iraird, 

Finnchadh, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, 
slain, 31. 

Finnchar, Bishop of Daimhliag, dies, 193. 

Finnen, of Cluain-Iraird. See Finnan. 

Finnen, of Magh-bile. See Finnian. 

Finn-Gaill (Fair Foreigners), slaugh- 
tered by Dubh-Ghenti (Black Gen- 
tiles), 151. 

Finn-Ghenti (Fair Gentiles), a depre- 
dation committed on, by Dubh-Ghenti 
(Black Gentiles), 151; defeated by 
Dubh-Ghenti, 153. 

Finnghuine, King of Munster, 113. 

Finnglass (Finglas, near Dublin), Kobhar- 
tach of, Bishop, 161. 

Finnguine, (or Cenngegain), King of 
Caisel, 179. 

Finnguine, King of Feara-Ceall, 193. 

Finnian, St., of Cluain-Iraird. See Fin- 

Finnian, St., of Magh Bile, 53, n., 223. 

Finnian Ua Fiatach, Bishop, 61. 

Finn- Loch of Irrus Ui Fiachrach (now 
Carrowmore Lough, bar. of Erris, co. 
Mayo), 7. 

Finntan, or Fintan, of Cluain-Eidhnech, 
death of, 67. 

Finntan of Oentraibh, Abbot of Bennchair, 

Finntan, son of Maeldubh, 83. 

Finntan Munnu, death of, 85 ; Monastery 
of (i.e., Taghmon, co. Wexford), 109. 

Finshnechta. See Finnachda. 

Fintan. See Finntan. 

Fir-Bolg, occupy Ireland, 9 ; overcome by 
the Tuatha De Danann, ib. 

Fir- Cera (" men of Cera"), a tribe an- 
ciently settled in the now barony of 
Carra, co. Mayo, 47. 

Flaithbhertach, King of Ailech, slain, 215. 

Flaithbhertach, son of Murchadh, King of 
Ailech, 173, 175. 

Flaithbhertach, Bishop of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, 273. 

Flaithbhertach, comarb of Ciaran and 
Finnian, 253. 

Flaithbhertach, Bishop of Dun-leth-glaise, 

Flaithbhertach, (son of Inmhainen), King 

of Caisel, 181, 187, 207. 
Flaithbhertach, son of Niall, slain, 155. 
Flaithbhertach, royal heir of Temhair, 

slain, 209. 

Flaitherahail, son of Dluthacli, slain, 123. 
Flaithnia, son of Muirghius, slain, 127. 
Flann, King of Cinel Eoghain, slain, 


Flann, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, 213. 
Flann, Abbot of Hi, dies, 173. 
Flann, son of Cuana, Abbot of Mainistir 

Buite, 149. 

Flann, lector of Mainistir Buite, 283. 
Flann, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach, 117, 


Flann, son of Cennfaeladh, 113. 
Flann, son of Conaing, 157, 159, 161. 
Flann, son of Domhnall, royal heir of the 

North, 181. 
Flann, son of Eoghan, chief judge of Leth- 

Chuinn, 239. 
Flann, son of Fercar, CEconomus of Ard- 

Macha, 161. 
Flann, son of Flaithbhertach, rice- Abbot 

of Cluain-muc-Nois, 133. 
Flann, son of Lonan, the "Virgil" of Ire- 
land, 175. 

Flann, son of Maelechlainn, King of Ire- 
land. See Flann Sionna. 
Flann, son of Maelmichil, 225. 
Flann, son of Maelruanaidh, 147. 
Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, slain, 249. 
Flann, son of Maelsinna, 199. 
Flann, son of Raghallach, 123. 
Flann, son cf Tighernan, King of Breifnc, 

Flann Febhla, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 


Flann Finn, son of Maeltuile, 107. 

Flann Fobhair, 195. 

Flann Foirbt he, dies, 119. 

Flann Gerg, son of Loingsech, 115. 

Flann Sionna, son of Maelsechlain, King 

of Ireland, 167, 169, 171, 173, 177, 179, 

181, 183,185, 187. 




Flannan, Bishop of Killaloe, death of 

Cosgrach, comarb of, 273. 
Flescach (not identified) battle of, 95. 
Floriacus, i.e. Ludovicus Pius, dies, 143. 
Fobhar (now Fore, co. Westmeath), death 

of Fechin of, 99; abbots of, 117, 161, 

173; Ailill, Bishop of, 163; burning of, 

by Feidhlimidh, King of Munster, 139; 

burnt, 289 ; plundered, 221. See 

Fobraech, father of Aengus, Bishop of 

Condere, 35. 
Fochla, (a districtin the north of Ireland}, 

invaded by MaelseUhlailm I., li?'< ; 

Fachtna, royal heir of, 161^ Flann 

Sionna's expedition to, 169 ; Niall, King 

of, 185. 
Fogartach, King of Ciarraighe-Chuirchi, 

181, 183. 

Fogartach, King of Cinel Conaill, 179. 
Fogartach, son of Aedh, 67. 
Fogartach, son of Donnagan, King of 

Airghiall, 209. 
Fogartach, son of Maelbresail, King of 

Airghiall, 153. 
Fogartach Ua Cernaigh, King of Midhe, 

115, 119. 

Fogartach, King of Teabhtha, 197. 
Fogartach, son of Tolarg, King of the 

South of Bregh, 175, 183, 185, 187. 
Foichsechan, mortally wounds Fianam- 

hail, King of Laighen, 105. 
Foilge Berraidhe, battle of Fremhain 

gained by, 37 ; defeat of, 39. 
Fomorians ("Pirates") defeated by Par- 

thalon, 7 ; defeated by the sons of Mi- 

lidh, 15. 
Forach (now Farragh, near Skreen, co. 

Meath), a battle at, 149. 
Forannan, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 141, 145, 


Forannan, Abbot of Cill-dara, 113. 
Forath, in Dealbhna Nuadhat, the battle 

of, 129. 

Forbasach, King of Cinel- Boghuine, 121. 
Forbes, family name of, Int. xi., n. 6 . 
Forcellach, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 129. 
Forcron, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 109. 

Fore, co. Westmeath. See Fobhar. 

Foreigners, defeated by the Irish, 139, 
157, 161, 171, 173, 175, 191, 195, 197, 
199, 205, 207, 209, 253; defeat the Con- 
nachtmen, 147 ; depredations of, 143, 
145, 165, 177, 181, 189, 191, 197 ; sub- 
mit to Amhlaibh, son of the King of 
Lochlann, 153; in alliance with Irish, 
157, 169, 171, 199,201, 203; oppressed by 
Foreigners, 149; a great war between 
the Gaeidhel and, 249 ; the hostages of, 
taken by Maelsechlainn and Brian, 237 ; 
the hostages of, taken by Donnchadh, 
son of Brian, 265 ; fortresses erected at 
Dubhlinn and Linn-duachaill by, 143 ; 
Ath-cliath taken from, 189. 

Foreigners, of Ath-cliath, defeat Flann 
Sionna, 171; leave Ireland, 1 97 ; return 
to Ath-cliath, 239 ; of Loch-Dachaech, 
189; of Loch-Echach, 201; of Loch- 
Erne, ib. ; ofLuimnech, 199; arrive at 
Port-Lairge, 187; kings of, 281, 291, 
343, 345. See Gentiles. 

Fortola, battle of, 59. 

Foss of Laighen (otherwise called the 
Glen of Laighen, or Leinster, not iden- 
tified), a shower of blood in the, 121. 

Fothadh, son of Conall, death of, 51. 

Fothan M6r (now Fahan, co. Donegal), 
death of Ceallach, Abbot of, 95. See 

Fotharta-tire (the barony of Forth, co. 
Carlow), mortal wounding of Colman, 
King of, 159. 

Fraech, King of Southern Leinster, 33. 

Fraechan, sen of Tenusan, 55. 

France, Richard, King of, (?), 267. 

Fremhain (Frewin hill, co. Westmeath), 
battle of, 37. 

Fretum Brene. See Brena. 

Frisians, alleged defeat of, by Milidh, 13. 

Frost, great, 113, 131, 155, 169,247,313,317. 

Fruit, great produce of, 285, 331, 337, 

Fulf, a Dubh-gall, slays Maelsechlainn, 
son of Niall, 163. 

Furadran, son of Bee, death of, 89. 

Fursa, St., the vision of, 81 ; death of, 91 . 



Gabhar (or Cill-Ula), a place in the co. 
Mayo, not identified), 173. 

Gabhla, a territory in the S. of the co. 
Kildare, 291. See Ui-Gabhla. 

Gabhra Life, or Gabhra of the Liffey, bat- 
tles of, 57, 89. 

Gabhran, son of Domangart, King of Alba, 
death of, 53. 

Gabhran (Gowran, co. Kilkenny), 155, 181. 

Gadhra, son of Dunadhach, 265. 

Gadhra, the son of, King of Sil-Anmcha- 
dha, 289. 

Gaeidhel, son of Agnoman, 5. 

Gaeidhel (i.e. the Irish), pay tribute to 
Amhlaibh, son of the King of Loclilann, 
1 53 ; a large number of, slain by Fo- 
reigners, 193 ; a great war between 
Foreigners and, 249. 

Gaileng, or Gailenga-Mora (now repre- 
sented by the barony of Morgallion, co. 
Meath), 129, J47, 165, 203, 249, 323; 
kings of, 227, 233, 241, 249, 291-3, 331. 

Gailenga of Corann (a sept seated in the 
district now forming the barony of Cor- 
ran, co. Sligo), 93, 247. 

Gairbhith, King of Ui-Echach, 241. 

Galinne of the Britons (Gallen, King's 
co.), burnt by Feidhlimidh, son of 
Crimhthann, 133. 

Gallen. See Galinne. 

Gall-Gaeidhel (" Dano-Irish "), 155, 157. 

Garad (Cinngarad or Kingarth, Scotland), 
death of lolan, Bishop of, 109. 

Gardha-an-bhainbh, at Cluain-muc-Nois, 

Gardha-na-gamhnaigh, i.e. "the garden 
of the stripper (cow)," at Cluain-muc- 
Nois, 349. 

Garlic, wild, grows in winter, 243. 

Gartnait, King of the Cruithne, death of, 
97 ; voyage to Ireland of the sons of, 
101 ; the sons of, leave Ireland, 101. 

Gebhennach, King of Feara-Maighe, 251. 

Gebhennach, chief of Ui Maine, 221. 

Gelasius, Pope, death of, 33. 

Gentiles, first taking of Ath-cliath by, 
143 ; expulsion from Ath-cliath of, 179 ; 
the " family " of Hi slain by, 125 ; a war 

between King Maelsechlainn I. and, 

155; defeat the Irish, 129, 133, 143. 

defeated by the Irish, 127, 133, 137, 141, 

143, 145, 149; depredations committed 

by, 127, 131, 133, 139, 141, 143, 145, 

149, 173, 177, 187, 189, 205. See 


Germanus, St., visited by St. Patrick, 17. 
Giant's Sconce. See Dun-Ceithern. 
Gilla-an-Choimdedh, tanist-abbot of 

Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 327. 
Gillabraide, King of Breifne, slain, 327. 
Gilla-Christ, King of Conaille, slain, 239. 
Gilla-Christ, the son of, chief of Corca- 

Achlann, slain, 297. 
Gillaciarain, son of Glun-iarainn, slain, 

Gillacolmain, King of Ui-Diarmada, slain, 


Gillacomgaill, son of Ardgal, slain, 243. 
Gillacomghain, hanged for stealing altar 

furniture from Cluain-muc-Nois, 329. 
Gilla-Enain, King of Teabhtha, slain, 237. 
Gillamaire, the son of, a foreigner, 335. 
Gilla-Mochuda, a poet, quoted, 1 95. 
Gillapadraig, King of Osraighe, 235, 237. 
Gillapadraig, (another) King of Osraighe, 

275, 283. 
Gillapadraig Euadh, King of Osraighe, 

slain, 309. 
Gillapadraig Euadh, Donnchadh, son of, 

slain, 325. 

Gillapadraig, son of Imhar, slain, 229. 
Gillapadraig, son of Tomaltach, 241. 
Gille, Bishop of Luimnech, dies, 243. 
Girley. See Greallach-Dollaith. 
Glanworth. See Glenn Damhain. 
Glastoubury, Old St. Patrick, Bishop of, 

Glenn-da-locha, death of Caemhghen (St. 

Kevin) of, 75; abbots of, 109, 117, 127, 

141, 161, 179, 213; bishops of, 95, 105, 

129, 199 ; plundered, 141, 229. 
Glenn Damhain (Glanworth, co. Cork), 87. 
Glenn- Maghair (Glanmire, near Cork), 


Glenn Mairison, in Scotland, battle of, 85. 
Glenn-mama, in Wicklow, the battle of, 237. 




Glenn-Uissenn (Killeshin, near Carlow), 
Maelmaedhoig, Abbot of, 188, n. ; 
plundered, 275. 

Glun-iarainn, son of Amhlaibh, 229, 231. 

Glun-hllair, i.e. Murchadb, King of Ailech, 
plunders Lughbhadh and Druim-inas- 
glainn, 219; defeats the Connachtmen, 

Gluntradna, son of Glun-iarainn, slain, 

Gnathnad, Abbess of Kildare, 109, n. ?. 

Gnia, Abbot of Daimhliag, dies, 163. 

Godfrey, Goffraigh, or Gothfrith, grandson 
of Imhar, occupies Ath-cliath, and 
plunders Ard-Macha, 193. See Goth- 
frith. , 

Goffraigh. See Godfrey. 

Goibhnenn (pron. "Govnen"), King of Ui- 
Fiachrach-Aidhne, gains the battle of 
Claenloch, 47. 

Gorman, ancestor of the Mac Cuinns, 
death of, 75. 

Gorman, son of Lonan, royal heir of Caisel, 
slain, 155. 

Gormflaith, daughter of Flann, dies, 209. 

Gormgal, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 125. 

Gormgal, of the High-Island, 259. 

Gormgal, son of Aedh, slain, 119. 

Gormlaith, daughter of Donnchadh, Queen 
of the Gaeidhel, dies, 157. 

Gormlaith, daughter of Maelsechlainn, II., 

Gormlaith, daughter of Murchadh, son of 
Finn, dies, 269. 

Gospel of Colum-Cille, 245. 

Gothfraigh (Godfrey), King of the For- 
eigners, dies, 291. 

Gothfrith (Godfrey), King of the Foreign- 
ers, dies, 201. 

Gothfrith, son of Amhlaibh, 209, 215. 

Gotht'rith, son of Aralt, slain, 231. 

Gothfrith, son of Sitric, occupies Ath- 
cliath, plunders various churches, and 
dies, 211. 

Gothfrith, the son of, 199, 201. See Godfrey. 

Gothia, 13. 

Gots, the (i.e. "the stammerers"), mem- 
bers of the family of O'Melachlin, 263. 

Gowran. See Gabhran. 

Graine (Graney, in the S. of the county 

Kildare), battles of, 31, 33. 
Granard, burned, 289. 
Graney. See Graine. 
Greallach Daiphil, in Magh Life, Laegh- 

aire, son of Niall, killed at, 27. 
Greallach-Dollaith (Girley, near Kells, co. 

Meath), 111. 
Greallach-Eillte (Girley, co. Meath), battle 

of, 187. 
Grectraighe-Arda (now the bar. of Cool- 

avin, co. Sligo), 99, 167. See Greg- 


Greenan-Ely. See Ailech. 
Gregory I., Pope, birth of, 47 ; death of, 


Gregraighe of Loch Teched (a tribe in- 
habiting the present bar. of Coolavin, 

co. Sligo), 99, 167. See Grectraighe. 
Guaire, Abbot of Glenn-da-locha, dies, 

Guaire Aidhne, King of Connacht, 77, 81, 

91, 97. 
Guaire Gaillsech, son of Forannan, slain, 

Guaire, son of Maelacain, priest of Cluain- 

muc-Nois, dies, 207. 
Gull (now Ros-Guill, in the N. of the co. 

Donegal), Nuadha, King of, slain, 121. 

Haconn. See Agond. 

Hair, change of cutting the, adopted by 
the virgins of Ireland, 171. 

Haon (or Hoan), King of Britain, slays 
Domhnall Brec, 87, 109. 

Hardy, T. Duffus, Int. Ivii. ; Cat. of Brit. 
History by, 38, n. *. 88, n. 5 . 

Harold. See Aralt. 

Henry II. See Oenric. 

Hi, lona, or Hy Coluim Cille, abbots of, 
65, 71, 77, 79, 93, 95, 101, 103, 105, 115, 
117, 119, 131, 137, 139, 153, 159, 167, 
173, 227; bishop of, 217 ; presented to 
Colum Cille, 61 ; Colum Cille proceeds 
to, 55; the family of, slain by Gen- 
tiles, 125; the coronal tonsure received 
by the family of, 119; Amhlaibh, son 



of Sitric, goes on a pilgrimage to, 227 ; 
martyrdom of Blathmac, son of Flann, 
in, 133; the family of, expelled across 
"Dorsum Britanniae," 119. 

Hiberuia. See Ireland. 

High-Island, Gormgal of, 258, n, s . 

Hoan (or Haon), King of the Britons, slays 
Domhnall Brec, 87, 109. 

Honey, a shower of, 1 19. 

Horm, chief of the Dubh-Genti, skin, 155. 

Hormisdas, Pope, 41. 

Hornhead. See Irgull. 

Horses, British, given as a ransom in Ire- 
land, 267. 

Huada, King of Teabhtha, slain, 137. 

Huaisle, Queen of Laighen, death of, 89. 

Huarcridhe Ua Ossene, King of Conaille, 
slain, 109. 

laco, King of Britain, slain, 273. 

larlaith, St., of Tuam, the covenant of, 
337 ; a miracle of, ib. 

lar-Mumha, or lar-Mumhain (i.e. West 
Munster), plundered, 209. 

larthar Liffe (i.e. " West of Liffey," a dis- 
trict on the Western side of the Eiver 
Liffey), 83. 

larthar Seola (i.e. the West of Seola, or 
Magh Seola, a plain comprised in the 
present barony of Clare, co. Galway), 
battle of, 93. 

Ibar, Bishop, death of, 35. 

Ice, great, 155. See Frost. 

Ictian Sea, Niall of the Nine Hostages 
slain at the, 1 9. 

lercne, or Eircne, a chief of Finn-Ghenti, 
beheaded, 153. 

Ilaid-na-ttri-cros, at Cluain-muc-Nois, 

He (Islay, in Scotland), 79. 

Illann, son of Duulaing, King of Laighen, 
31,35,41. Seelollann. 

Illulbh, King of Alba, dies, 215. 

Imhar (I var), King of the Norsemen, gains 
a victory over Cathal Finn, 155 ; defeats 
the Cinel-Fiacliach, 157; returns to 
Ath-cliath from Alba, 163 ; dies, 165 ; 
the grandsons of, 1J, 189. 

Imhar of Luiinnech, 225. 

Imhar of Port-Lairge, plunders Cill-dara, 

229 ; defeated, ib. ; dies, 239. 
Imlech Fio (Emlagh, co. Meath), battle 

of, 109. 
Imlech Ibhair (Emly, co. Tipperary), 

death of Ailbhe of, 45 ; abbots of, 97, 

171,265; anmchara of, 293 ; plundered, 

149, 299 ; a prodigy at, 207, . 7 . 
Inbher, or Inver, an estuary, or mouth of 

a river, 10, n. 1. 
Inbher Daile (Ennerelly, co. Wicklow), 

death of Dagan of, 87. 
Inbher Dea, or Inver Dea, the mouth of 

the Vartry river, co. Wicklow, 141. 
Inbher-na-mbarc, supposed to have been 

the name of the mouth of the Bray 

river, 141. 
Inbher Sgene (supposed to be the name 

of the Kenmare river), where Nimhedh 

and the sons of Milidh landed, 9, 13, 15. 
Inbher Slaini (Wexford harbour), arrival 

of the Milesians at, 13. 
Incherky. See Inis-Adharcach. 
Indercadh, a Bishop, death of, 97. 
Indeidhnen, situation of, 162, n. * ; Mael- 

poil, Abbot of, 193, n. 6 . 
Indein-na-nDesi(now Mullaghnoney, near 

Clonmel, co. Tipperary), 153. 
Inde Mor, battle of, 35. 
Indictions, 46, n. J . 
Indreachtach, King of Connacht, 117. 
Inis-Adharcach (Incherky, in the Shan- 
non), a battle at, 297. 
Inis Ainghin (now Hare Island, Lough 

Ree), 177, 299. 
Inis-bo-finne (in Loch Ree), plundered, 

257, 299. 
Inis-bo-finne, off the coast of Mayo. See 

Insula vacca) albae. 
Inis-Cain, Maelduin, son of Aedh, burnt 

in, 87. 
Inis Cathaigh (Scattery Island, in the 

Shannon), profaned by Brian, 225. 
Inis-Celtra (Iniscaltra, in Loch Derg- 

dheirc), death of Colum of, 51 ; death of 

Camiii of, 92, n. * ; burning of, by_Geu- 

tiles, 141. 



Inis Clothrann (Iniscloghran, in Lough 

Kce), St. Sinnach of, dies, 121 ; plun- 
dered, 257, 279, 299. 
Inis Doimhle (an island between the 

counties of TVaterford and Wexford), 

plundered by Gentiles, 131, n., 133. 
Inis Enghin (Hare Island, in Lough Ree). 

See Inis-Ainghin. 

Inis-Gaill-Dubh, situation of, 257. n. 6 . 
Inis Medgoit (now either Fame, or Lin- 

disfarne), founded, 83. 
Inis-Mochta (Inishmot, co. Meath), plun- 
dered, 203, 265. 
Inis-Muinremliar, an island in Loch 

Ramor, co. Cavan, demolition of, by 

Maelsechlainn, 147. 
Inis-Muiredhaigh (Inismurray, off the 

coast of Sligo), burnt by Gentiles, 127. 
Inis-na-lainne (some island off the coast 

of the co. of Sligo), a great loss of life in, 

Inis-Padraig, (now Patrick's Island, near 

Skerries, co. Dublin), a synod held in, 

Inis Tarbhna (now " the Bull," an islet 

west of Dursey Island, co. Cork), 

Inraesgach, the Religious, establishes a 

law over Ireland, 121. 
Innocents, Law of the, 113. 
Innrachdach, son of Conchobhar, ] 85. 
Innsi-Orc (Orkney Islands) Sichfrith, 

Earl of, 253. 
Inrechtach Ua Finnachta, successor of 

Colum Cille, martyred among the 

Saxons, 153. 
Insi-Gall (the Hebrides), Gothfrith, son of 

Aralt, King of, 231. 
Jnsula vaccse albae (Inis-bo-finne, now 

Bophin Island, off the west coast of 

Mayo), voyage of Bishop Colman to, 

101; bishops of, 105, 119. 
Invasions, Book of. See Leabhar Gabhala. 
lolan, Bishop of Garad, dies, 109. 
lollann, son of Dunlaing. See Illann. 
lollann (or Illann), son of Fiacha, death 

of, 79. 
lona. See Hi, 

Ireland, colonizations of, 3, 5, 9, 13, 15; 

first Saxon depredation in, 23. 
Irgalach Ua Conaing, slain, 115. 
Irgull (Hornhead, co. Donegal), Nuadha, 

King of, slain, 121. 
Irish. See Gaeidhel. 
Ir-Mumhan, or Ur-Mumhan (Ormond), 

burning of churches in, by Gentiles, 141. 
Isell Ciarain, a church at Cluain-muc- 

Nois, 303, 
Islay. See He. 
Iserninus. See Esserninus. 
Ita.or Ite, St., 51, 59. 
Iturnan, death of, 101. 
Iveagh, co. Down. See Ui-Echach-Uladh. 

Jerusalem, expedition to, 345. 

John I., Pope, 41. 

John, St., the festival of, fears regarding, 

Joseph, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, elected, 

179; dies, ib. 
Joseph, anmchara of Cluain-muc-Noif, 


Joseph, Bishop of Ard-Macha, 201. 
Joseph of Ross, Bishop and Abbot of 

Cluain-Eois, dies, 143. 

Kellistown, co. Carlow. See Cill-Osnaigh. 

Kelly, D. H., Int. xxii, n., xxiii. n. 

Kevin, St. See Caemhghen. 

Kieran, St. See Ciaran. 

Kil, or Kill. For names beginning with 

Kil, or Kill, see Cill and its compounds. 
Kilcullen, co. Kildare. See Cill Cuilinn. 
Kilclalkey. See Cill-delga. 
Kildare. See Cill-dara. 
Kilkenny. See Cill Chainnigh. 
Killaloe. See Cill Dalua. 
Killashee, co. Kildare. See Cill Ausaille. 
Killeedy, co. Limerick. See Cluain- 


Killeshin. See Glenn-Uissenn. 
Killevy, co. Armagh. See Cill- Sleibhe- 


Killineer. See Cill-Ui-nDaighre. 
Kilmeen, co. Galway. See Cill mBian. 
KUmoone, co. Meath. See Cill-mona, 



Kilmore, co. Armagh. See Cill-mor- 


Kilskeer, co. Meath. See Cill-Scire. 
Kiltartan. See Aidhne. 
Kincora. See Cenncoradh. 
Kingarth, in Bute. See Cinngaradh. 
Kinneigh, co. Kildare. See Cenn-eich. 
Knockany. See Aine. 
Knowth. See Cnoghbha. 

Lachtna, King of Teabhtha, 173. 

Lachthnan, King of Mughdhorn-Maighen, 

Ladgnenn, son of Blathbannaigh, dies, 97. 

Ladhra, one of the first colonists that 
arrived in Ireland, 3. 

Laeghaire (pron. Leary), son of Niall, 
King of Ireland, 21 ; defeats the Lage- 
nians, 25, 27 ; taken prisoner by the 
Lagenians, 25 ; celebrates the " Feast of 
Tara," 25 ; dies, 27. 

Laeghaire, or Ui Laeghaire (a district in 
the co. Meath), kings of, 197, 331. 

Laeighis (Leix, Queen's co.), 1 89, 347. 

Laethet (now probably Knock-layd, bar. 
of Carey, co. Antrim), battle of, 81. 

Lagenians, or men of Laighen or Leinster, 
defeated 25, 27, 33, 35, 41, 57, 105, 161, 
189, 207, 253, 297, 309, 319; defeat 
OUill Molt, 27 ; slay King Congalach, 
213; capture Laeghaire, son of Niall, 25; 
the hostages of, taken by Donnchadh, 
son of Brian, 265. See Laighen. 

Lagore. See Loch Gabhar. 

Laighen, Lagenia, or Leinster, kings of, 
31, 35, 41, 71, 75, 81, 83, 87, 101, 105, 
11], 119, 121, 127, 137, 141, 143,145, 
159, 161, 163, 167, 169, 181, 183, 189, 
195, 205, 207, 213, 217, 221, 225, 227, 
229, 237, 249, 253, 255, 257, 259, 263, 
273, 275, 291, 299, 309, 321, 325, 327; 
half-kings of, 129, 141; queen of, 153; 
royal heir of, 209; plundered, 121, 163, 
167, 219, 229, 249 ; devastated, 81, 121, 
125, 131, 143; invaded, 317, 321 ; great 
diseases in, 285 ^depopulated by famine, 
319; the hostages of, taken by Donn- 
chadh, son of Brian, 279. 

Laighen Desgabhair, or Southern Lein- 
ster, kings of, 33, 95, 129, 153, 155, 193; 
queen of, 191. See Ui-Cennsealaigh. 

Laighis. See Laeighis. 

Laighis Eete (a district hi the Queen's 
co.), 59. 

Laighline, son of Parthalon, dies, 7. 

Laighne of Kos-tetrach, situation of, 144, 
n. i. 

Laighnen, King of Connacht, 95. 

Lakes, eruption of, in Ireland, 7. 

Lambay Island. See Kechra. 

Lann, Queen of Ailech, 203. 

Lann.Ela (Lynally, King's co.), plundered, 

Lann-Lere (Dunleer, co. Louth), 137 ; the 
refectory of, burnt, 219. 

Laoi (Lee), river, 7. 

Lasren, Abbot of Hi, 71. 

Lasren of Menadrochit, 69. 

Latharna Molt (a tribe anciently inhabit- 
ing the district round Larne, co. An- 
trim), St. Ciaran's father of them, 49. 

Law of Ciaran, 129. 

Law of Daire, 135. 

Law of the Innocents, 113. 

Law of Patrick, 125, 127, 131. 

Lea* (i.e. the territory of the Fir-Lii, in the 
bar. of Coleraine, co. Londonderry), 
forfeited by the Cruithne, 55. 

Leabhar Gabhala ("Book of Invasions") of 
O'Clery, 8, n. *. 

Lecale. See Leith-Cathail, and Magh- 

Lec-mBladha (Lickbla, co. Westmeath), 

Lecmagh in Ui Mic Uais, a plain repre- 
sented by the present barony of Cole- 
raine, co. Deny, 5. 

Lee, river. See Laoi. 

Leghe and Eechet, territ. in the Queen's 
co., Congalach, King of, 225. 

Leighlin. See Leithglinn. 

Leim-ind-eich (i.e. " horse-leap," a place in 
Ulster, not identified), 63. 

Leinster. See Laiglien. 

Leinster, Southern. See Laighen Des- 



Leith Cathail (Lecale, co. Down), Ain- 

diarraidh, King of, 175. 
Leithglinn (Leighlin, co. Carlow), 87, 

125, 257. 

Leix, Queen's co. See Laeighis. 
Leobhelin (Llewelyn), King of Britain, 


Lergus, Bishop of Cill-dara, 171. 
Lethairbhe (not identified), battle of, 83. 
Lethaitech, son of Cu-carat, slain, 121. 
Leth Chuinn (i.e. "Conn's half," or the 

northern part of Ireland), 181. 
Lethe-cam in Magh-Enir (a place in the 

par. of Kilmore, to the E. of Armagh), 

battle of, 135, 137. 
Lethe-Luin (a place near Armagh), 136, 

n. i, 137. 

Lethlobhar, son of Eochaidh, slain, 117. 
Leth-Mogha, or Mogh's half, i.e. the 

southern half of Ireland, 321, 335. 
Letracha(Latteragh, co. Tipperary), death 

of Odhran of, 49. 

Lia-Ailbhe ("the stone of Ailbhe "), 237. 
Liath Manchan (now Lemanaghan, King's 

co.), presented to St. Ciaran, 91 ; death 

of Manchan of, 99. 
Liathmhain (now Cloghleafin, bar. of 

Condons and Clongibbons, co. Cork), 

" the hero " of, 88, . 2 , 89. 
Liath M6r (or Liath-Mor-Mochaemhog), 

death of Mochaemhog of, 91. 
Liath-na-ttri-lemenn, meaning of, 216, n. *. 
Liban (called the Muirgeilt, or mermaid), 

daughter of Eochaidh Mac Muiredha, 


Liber Pontificalis, quoted, 64, n. 2. 
Libren, son of Illann, his two sons killed, 


Lickbla. See Lec-mbladha. 
Lift (i.e. the plain of the Liffey), plun- 
dered by Conchobhar, son of Donn- 

chadh, 139. 
Liffe, or Liffey, the river, 7 ; a fleet of 

Norsemen on, 141. 
Ligach, Queen of Bregh, 195. 
Lighda, comarb of Ailbhe, 285. 
Lightning, great, 72, 125, 155, 167, 271, 


Limerick. See Luimnech. 
Lindisfarne. See Inis Medgoit. 
Linn-duachaill (a place near Dundalk, but 

not identified), the Foreigners of, 143, 

145, 151, 153; Caemhan, Abbot of, 

burnt by Gentiles, 145. 
Linn Limni (the Levin Water, Scotland), 

slaughter of the Dal-Riada at, 115. 
Linn-ross (the part of the Boyne oppo- 
site Rosnaree, co. Meath), a fleet of 

Norsemen at, 145. 
Lis-Mor (co. Waterford), abbots of, 159, 

213; plundered, 139, 187. 
Llewelyn. See Leobhelin. 
Loch Ainnin (Lough Ennell, co. West- 

meath), 167, 215. 
Lochan Diimada, slays Colman Rimidh, 

Loch Cairrgin (now Cargin's Lough), co. 

Roscommon, 301. 
Loch Calgaigh (probably Lough Callow, 

co. Galway), 289. 
Loch Ceann, a lake which formerly existed 

to the north of Knockany, co. Limerick, 


Loch Cirr, near Armagh, 185. 
Loch Con, in Mayo, eruption of, 7. 
Loch Cuan (Strangford Lough), 167, 197, 

Loch-Dachaech (Waterford harbour), 175, 


Loch Decet. See Loch Tecet. 
Loch-Derg-dheirc, or Loch-deirg-derc, an 

expansion of the Shannon, 185, 333. 
Loch Echach (Lough Neagh), 107, 143, 

199, 201, 207. 

Loch Echtra, eruption of, 7. 
Lochene Menn, Abbot of Cill-dara, slain, 

Lochene, King of the Cruithne, death of, 

Lochene, son of Nechtan Cennfoda, slain, 


Loch Erne, 143, 201, 213. 
Loch Feabhail (Lough Foyle), 161, 177, 

Loch Fordremuin, in Kerry, one of the 

primitive Irish lakes, 7. 



Loch Gabhar (Lagore, co. Meath), kings 
of, 149, 151, 159, 161, 183, 219; a battle 
at, 105 ; the islands of, spoiled, 151. 

Loch Gair (Lough Gur, co. Limerick), 299. 

Loch Gamhna (Lough Gowna, co. Long- 
ford), 201. 

Loch Garman (Wexford haven), the Fo- 
reigners of, 201. 

Loch Laigh (a lake in the par. and bar. 
of Burrishoole, co. Mayo), 151. 

Loch Laighline, eruption of, 7. 

Lochlann (Scandinavia), Amhlaibh, son 
of the King of, arrives in Ireland, 153 ; 
kings of, 307, 309. 

Loch Lebhinn (Lough Lene, co. West- 
meath'), turned into blood, 161. 

Loch Longa (the ancient name of a small 
lough in the parish of Taghmaconnell, 
barony of Athlone, co. Eoscommon), 

Loch Luimnigh (in other authorities 
called Loch Lurgan, i.e. Galway bay), 7. 

Loch Mesca (Lough Mask), eruption 
of, 7. 

Loch-mic-nen, Gillabraide Ua Buairc 
drowned in, 325. 

Loch-Muighe-Huatha, 295. 

Loch Oirbsen (Lough Corrib), Foreign- 
ers settle on, 199. 

Loch Riach (Loughrea lake), co. Galway, 

Loch ixibh (Lough Ree, an expansion of 
the Shannon), 145, 181, 193, 195, 199, 

Loch Eudhraidhe (" Rury's Lough," now 
Dundrum bay), 7, 195. 

Loch Semdigh, or Loch Semhdile (Lough 
Sewdy, an ancient lake in the co. 
Westmeath), 69, 167. 

Loch-Suidhe-Odhrain (i.e. the lake of 
Suidhe Odhrain, or Seeoran, in the bar. 
of Clankee, co. Cavan), 281-283. 

Loch Teched (now Lough Gara), co. 
Sligo, 7, 99, 199. 

Loch Trethin (now Lough Drin, near 
Mullingar), 85. 

Loch Uair (Lough Owel, co. Westmeath), 
Turges drowned in, 147. 

Loingsech, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 191. 

Loingsech, King of Ireland, 111, 115. 
Loingsech, chieftain of Ui-Niallain, slain, 

Loingsech Ua Lethlabhair, King of Dal- 

Araidhe, dies, 199. 
Longobards, alleged defeat of, by Milidh, 


Lorcan, King of Bregh, 195. 
Lorcan, King of Cinel-Mechair, 251. 
Lorcan, King of Midhe, blinded, 159. 
Lorcan, son of Cathal, the son of, 179. 
Lorcan, son of Cellach, gains a victory 

over Gentiles, 149. 
Lorcan, son of Dunchadh, 185, 205. 
Lorcan, son of Faelan, 203. 
Lothra (Lorrha), co. Tipperary, burnt, 

145 ; pillaged, 283. 
Lough. For names beginning with 

Louyh, see under Loch. 
Luachair, battle of, 41. 
Luachair-mor edir-da-inbher (Clonalvy, 

in the barony of Upper Duleek, co. 

Meath), battle of, 45. 
Lucaill Fota, death of, 75. 
Ludovicus Pius, dies, 143. 
Lughaidh (pron. Loo-ey), son of Laegh- 

aire, King of Ireland, 29, 37. 
Lughaidh, Bishop of Condere, 47. 
Lughaidh of Lis-mor, death of, 63. 
Lughaidh Mac Ua Oche, death of, 73. 
Lughbhadh, or Lughmhagh (Louth, co. 

Louth), abbots of, 141, 179; bishops of, 

131, 201, 275; plundered, 139, 143, 219. 
Luighne, or Luighne of Connacht (now 

the barony of Leyny, co. Sligo), kings 

of, 149, 193, 207, 217, 231, 233, 263, 

303 ; devastation of, 127 ; preyed by 

Aedh Ua Conchobair, 283. 
Luighne, in Meath (now the barony of 

Lune, co. Meath), Cernach, King of, 

249 ; " Sons of Death " of, 147. 
Luimnech (Limerick), kings of, 195, 199, 

203; the Foreigners of, 171, 193, 199, 

201, 211, 225; death of Gille, Bishop 

of, 343 ; a_ battle at, 255 ; demolished, 




Luimnech Laighen (Luimnech of Lein- 

ster),situation of, 148, n. 3 ; death of St. 

Finnachda of, 149. 
Lulach, King of Alba, slain, 283. 
Lusca (Lusk, co. Dublin), bishops of, 33, 

169, 181, 199; the oratory of, burnt, 155; 

burnt, 335. 

Mac Amhalghadha, (Magawley), Cinaeth, 

slain, 311. 

Mac Amhalghadha, Cinaeth, 341. 
Mac Amhalghadha, Gillasiadnata, 339. 
Mac Airechtaigh, King of Calraighe, 281. 
Mac Aisitha, King of Gabhla, 291. 
Mac Bethadh, (Macbeth), King of Alba, 

slain, 285. 

Mac Caille, the Bishop, dies, 31. 
Mac Carron. See Mac Gargarahna. 
Mac Carthaigh (Mac Carthy),Ceallachan, 


Mac Carthaigh, Donnchadh, 325. 
Mac Carthaigh, Donnchadh, royal heir of 

Munster, 341. 

Mac Carthaigh, Cormac, King of Des- 
mond, 325, 333. 

Mac Carthaigh, Cormac, the son of, 327. 
Mac Carthaigh, Tadhg, King of Desmond, 

Mac Cnissi, or Mac Nissi, Bishop of Con- 

dere, 37. 
Mac Cochlain, Aedh, King of Dealbhna- 

Bethra, 335. 
Mac Cochlain, Conchobhar, King of 

Dealbhna-Bethra, 339, 347. 
Mac Coisi, Erard, chief poet of the Irish, 233 . 
Mac Conghail (Mac Conuell), Gillapadraig, 

lector and priest of Cluain-Iraird, 34 1 . 
Mac Conmara(MacNamara), Cumara,339. 
Mac Conmedha (Mac Namee), Amhlaibh, 

slain, 303. 

Mac Cuilind, death of, 49. See Cuindidh. 
Mac Cuinn, or Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, 

Celechair, 335. 
Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, Cormac, comarb 

of Ciaran, 307. See Cormac, eon of 

Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, Gorman, ancestor 

Of, 75. 

Mac Cuinn-na-mbocht, Maelciarain, a 
priest, dies, 335. 

Mac Donnells of Scotland, the Mac Fir- 
bises poets to, Int. xi. 

MacDuagh, founder of Kilmacduagh, 303. 

Mac Edigen, Diarmaid, son of, 333. 

Mac-Edigh, Kingof Dal-Araidhe, dies, 177. 

Mac Erca, ancestor of the Fir-Cera, 47. 

MacGillapadraig(nowFitzpatrick), Donn- 
chadh, King of Laighen, 273. 

Mac Firbis, Duald, biographical sketch of, 
Int. ix. sq. ; list of the works of, xx. 

Mac Gargamhna (Mac Carron), Gilla- 
Ultain, 347. 

Mac larnan, chief of Cuircne, 271. 

Mac Gillamocholmog, Donnchadh, 335. 

Mac Gillamocholmog, Muircertach, King 
of Laighen, 309. 

Mac Laisre, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 77. 

Mac Laisre, Abbot of Bennchair, 89. 

Macleghinn, King of Airghiall, 261. 

Mac-Liag, Muircertach, chief poet of Ire- 
land, 257- 

Mac Lochlainn, Conchobhar, 331. 

Mac Lochlainn, the son of Domhnall, King 
of Ailech, 297, 307, 309 V 323. 

Mac Lochlainn, the son of Donnchadh, 

Mac Lochlainn, Maghnus, slain, 329. 

Mac Lochlainn, Muircertach, son of Niall, 

Mac Loingsigh. See Fergus, the son of 

Mac Murchadha (Mac Murrough), Diar- 
maid, 333 ; defeated by the Osraighe, 
335; attacks Conchobhar Ua Briain, ib. 

Mac Namee. See Mac Conmedha. 

Macnia, comarb of Buite (i.e. Abbot of 
Monasterboice), dies, 273. 

Mac Nisse, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 61. 

Mac Nissi. See Mac Cnissi. 

Macray, Rev. Dr., Int. xxii. 

Mac Tail, of Cill-Cuillin, 51. 

Mac Turcaill, llaghnall, King of the For- 
eigners of Ath-cliath, 343. 

Mac Turcaill, the sons of, 347. 

Mac Uallachain (Mac Cuolahan), Gilla 
Finn, King of Sil-Anmchadha, 307. 


Madudhan (Madden), son of Aedh, King 

of Uladh, slain, 201, 205, 209. 
Madudhan, son of Aedh, son of Maelmi- 

thidli, slain, 213. 

Madudhan, son of Domhnall, slain, 245. 
Madudhan, King of Sil-Annjchadha, slain, 

Madudhan, son of Muiredhach, King of 

Uladh, 151, 155. 

Maedhog, St., of Ferna, death of, 79, 97. 
Mnel (or Mel), Bishop, dies, 31. 
Maelachaid, Abbot of Daimhinis, &c., 

martyred, 175. 

Maelachdain, two sons of, slain, 105. 
Maelaichen, Bishop of Ard-Macha, dies, 


Maelan, son of Congalach, slain, 227. 
Maelanfaidh Enaigh, slain. 
Maelbarrionn, priest of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 187. 

Maelbracha, son of Rimidh, death of, 77. 
Maelbresail, King of Cinel Conaill, slain, 

Maelbresail, King of Cinel Conaill, slain, 


Maelbresail, King of Mughdhorn, mur- 
dered by Gentiles, 151. 
Maelbresail, descendant of Boghain, slain, 


Maelbresail, son of Maelduin, dies, 99. 
Maelbrighde, Bishop of Cill-dara, dies, 275. 
Maelbrighde, comarb of Patrick and 

Colum Cille, 173, 197. 
Maelbrighde, Archbishop of Munster, 177. 
Maelbrighde, King of Conaille, captured 

by Gentiles, 139. 

Maelbrighde, son of Mothlachan, 89. 
Maelbrighde-na-gamhnaidhe, Abbot of 

Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 173. 
Maelcaich, King of the Cruithne, 81, 101. 
Maelcairerda, King of Ui-Briuin, 235. 
Maelcalgaigh, slain, 81. 
Maelciarain, Abbot of Cluain-Eois and 

Muccnamha, dies, 187. 
Maelciarain, King of Teabhtha, dies, 167. 
Maelcluiche, son of Conchobhar. slain, 185. 
Maelciaraiu, son of Conn-na-mbocht, dies, 


Maelciarain, son of Ronan, murdered, 163. 
Maelcobha, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 167, 


Maelcobha, King of Ireland, 73, 75. 
Maelcobha, King of Uladh, slain, 89. 
Maelcoluim, son of Cinaedh, King of Alba, 

Maelcoluim, son of Domhnall, King of 

Alba, slain, 211. 
Maelcoluim, son of Domhnall, King of 

North Britain, 235. 
Maelcoluim, son of Donnchadh, King of 

Alba, slain, 283, 285, 301. 
Maelcothaigh, son of Fogartach, Kmg of 

Ui-Briuin, 131. 

Maelcraeibhe, King of Airghiall, 191. 
Maelcroibhe, King of Tortan, 191. 
Maelcroin, half-king of the Deisi, slain, 


Maelcron, King of Cinel Laeghaire, 179. 
Maeldobarchon, Bishop of Cill-dara, dies, 

Maeldoid, son of Conaing, or Conall, slain, 


Maeldoid, son of Finghin, death of, 99. 
Maeldoid, King of Midhe, death of, 93. 
Maeldreith, the battle of Cuil-Corra gained 

by, 93. 

Maelduin, slain, 81. 
Maelduin, King of Ailech, dies, 161. 
Maelduin, King of Calatruim, mortally 

wounded, 147. 
Maelduin, King of Cinel Cairpre, dies, 


Maelduin, King of Durlus, dies, 97. 
Maelduin, King of Moghdhorna, death of, 


Maelduin, son of Aedh Bennan, 87, 97. 
Maelduin, son of Conall Crandamhna, 

death of, 109. 
Maelduin, son of Fergus, son of Baedan, 

murder of, 75. 

Maelduin, son of Fergus, slain, 87. 
Maelduin, son of Gilla-Andrias, Bishop of 

Alba, dies, 283. 

Maelduin, son of Maelfitrigh, 105, 107. 
Maelduin, son of Muirghes, 143. 
Maelduin, son of Scannal, 101, 



Maelduin Ua Eonain, mortal wounding of, 


Maelfabhaill, King of Aidhne, dies, 173. 
Maelfmnain, son of Flannagan, 175. 
Maelfinnen, son of Donnagan, chieftain of 

Ui-Cernaigh, slain, 189. 
Maelflnnia, comarb of Ciaran, 233. 
Maelfinnian, Bishop of Cenannus, 219. 
Maelfinnian (or Maelfinnain), King of 

Bregh, dies, 179. 
Maelfithrigh [Chief of Cinel Mic Erca], 

slain, 83. 

Maelfithrigh, ten descendants of, slain,121. 
Maelfothartaigh, Bishop of Ard-Sratha, 


Maelfothartaigh, King of Munster, 213. 
Maelfothartaigh, King of the Ui Tuirtre, 

death of, 101. 
Maelfuadhaigh, Abbot of Ard-Brecain, 

dies, 149. 

Maelfuataigh, King of Ciannachta, 97. 
Maelgarbh, King of Derlas, 199. 
Maelgarbh, a murrain, 231, 335. 
Maelgorm, King of Ciarraighe-Luachra, 

slain, 181. 
Maelguala, King of Munster, submits to 

Maelsechlaiun I., 157. 
Maelisa, comarb of Patrick, dies, 301. 
Maelisa, Bishop of Alba, 271. 
Maelmaedhog, Archbishop, and Abbot of 

Gleann-Uisean, slain, 188, n. 8 . 
Maelmhuaidh (Molloy), King of Dealbhna- 

Bethra, 241. 
Maelmhuaidh, son of Bran, King of Ui- 

Echach, 223, 225. 

Maelmicduach, King of Aidhne, 193. 
Maelmilchon, 97. 
Maelmithidh, son of Flannagan, King of 

Bregh, 185, 19J. 

Maelmochta, comarb of Ciaran, plun- 
dered, 339. 
Maelmochta, Bishop of Lughbhadh, dies, 


Maelmor Ua Maclii, slays Tuathal Mael- 
garbh, 49. 

Maelmordha, King of Airther-Life, 1 89. 
Maelmordha, King of Laighen, 249, 253. 
Maelmordha, King of Rath-linne, 181. 

Maelmordha, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, 


Maelmordha, King of Ui-Failghe, 193. 
Maelmordha, son of Eremhon, 1 87 . 
Maelmuire, Bishop of Ard-Macha, 235. 
Maelmuire, comarb of Patrick, 261. 
Maelmuire, son of Flannagan, King of 

Fernmhagh, slain, 187. 
Maelmuire, a learned poet, dies, 171. 
Mael-na-mbo, King of Ui-Cennsealaigh, 

slain, 245. 
Mael-na-mbo, the son of, 275, 277, 279, 

281, 285, 289. See Diarmaid, son of 

Maelodhar, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 173. 
Maelodhar Caech, King of the Airthera, 

Maelodhran, slays the two sons of Blath- 

mac, 91 ; the mill of (now Mullen- 

oran, near Lough Owel, co. Westmeath), 

91, 93. 
Maelogra, King of Loch Gabhar, slain, 

Maelpadraig, Bishop of Ard-Macha, dies, 


Maelpadraig, a Bishop, and heir of Pat- 
rick, 201. 
Maelpadraig, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 169. 

Maelpadraig, Bishop ofLughmhagh, 201. 
Maelpadraig, King of Airghiall, mortally 

wounded, 169. 

Maelpedair, Abbot of Tir-da-glas, 175. 
Maelpetair, comarb of Brenainn of Cluain- 

ferta, dies, 233. 
Maelpoil, a Bishop, 193. 
Maelpoil, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 239. 

Maelruain, slain, 81. 
Maelruain, Abbot of Disert-Diarmada, 

dies, 171. 

Maelruan, Bishop of Lusca, dies, 169. 
Maelruanaidh, King of Midhe, 145. 
Maelruanaidh, King of Uladh, 245. 
Maelruanaidh, royal heir of the North of 

Ireland, slain, 205. 
Maelruanaidh, son of Ardgnl, 243. 



Maelruanaidh, eon of Flann, 177, 177-9. 
Maelruanaidh Got, slain, 277. 
Maelrubha, founds the church of Apor- 

crossan, 103. 

Maelsamhna, comarb of Cainnech, 221. 
Maelscchlainn, son of Arcda, 217. 
Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, king of 

Temhair, 293, 295, 297. 
Maelsechlainn I., son of Maelruanaidh, 

King of Ireland, 147, 149, 151, 153, 155, 

157; the ghost of, 179. 
Maelsechlainn II., son of Domhnall, King 

of Ireland, 223, 225, 227, 229, 231, 233, 

235, 237, 239, 249, 251 , 255, 257, 259, 26 1 . 
Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, 

royal heir of Erinn, dies, 193. 
Maelsechlainn Ua Maeilruanaidh, King 

of Crimhthann, 269. 
Maelsechlainn, son of Niall, 163. 
Maelsechlainn Got, King of Midhe, 265. 
Maeltuile, Bishop of Ard-Macha, dies, 

Maeltuile, lector of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 

Maeltuile Ua Dunan, Bishop of Tulen, 

dies, 165. 

Maeluroha, son of Baedan, death of, 73. 
Maenach, a Ce"le De, 193. 
Maenach, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 


.Maenach, comarb of Finnen, dies, 213. 
Maenach, King of Munster, dies, 97. 
Maenach, King of Ui-Briuin, 93. 
Maengach, the victory of, 337. 
Maenghal, Bishop of Cill-dara, dies, 163. 
Maenghal, tanist-abbot of Cluain-muc- 
Nois, dies, 165. 

Maenghal, Abbot of Fabhar, 155. 
Maenmagh, a plain lying around Lough- 

rea, co. Galway, 333. 
Magawley. See Mac Amhalghadha. 
Mageoghegan, Conell, Int. xxxvi., xxxvii. 
Magh-Adhair (now Moyre, par. of Tulla, 

co. Clare), the tree of, 229, 279. 
Magh-Ai (or Magh-nAei, a plain in the 

co. of Roscommon, between the towns 

of Roscommon and Elphin), 67, 133, 

251, 269, 313, 345. 

Magh Ailbhe (pron. " Moy-alvy," a plain 
in the south of the co. Kildare), 41, 43, 

Magh-nAirbh (an ancient plain in the 
present bar. of Crannagh, co. Kilkenny), 

Magh-Bile (Moville, co. Down), death of 
Sineall, bishop of, 67 ; death of Sillan of, 
75 ; death of Cronan of, 91 ; burned by 
Gentiles, 133. 

Magh-BuaighnSghe, the victory of, 343. 

Magh-Cairbre (i.e. the plain of Carbury, 
the ancient name of the level part of the 
barony of Granard, co. Longford), 32o. 

Magh Ceisi (the ancient name of a plain 
near Rahen, King's co.), 205. 

Magh Cobha (a territory comprised in the 
present baronies of Iveagh, co. Down), 
169, 307-9. 

Magh Conaille, a plain in the co. Louth, 
130, n. , 331. 

Magh-Corainn (not identified), 247. 

Magh Cuilinn, battle of, 115. 

Magh Cuma (not identified), battle of, 
184, n. 3 . 

Magh Delenn, situation of, 1 20, n. 6 . 

Magh-Duine, battle of, 207. 

Magh-Dumha (now Moy, bar. of Dun- 
gannon Middle, co. Tyrone), 157. 

Magh-nEdara. See Magh-Tuiredh. 

Magh-edir-di-glais (i.e. "the plain be- 
tween the two streamlets" not identi- 
fied), 169. 

Magh Ele (or Magh Eilne, a plain on the 
east side of the River Bann, near Cole- 
raine, co. Londonderry), a battle in, 117. 

Magh-Enir (a plain around the present 
church of Kilmore, near Armagh), a 
battle fought in, 135. 

Magheracloone. See Cluain-Airthir. 

Magh-Fea, i.e. Fea's Plain, the name of a 
plain in the bar. of Forth, co. Carlow, 
7, 31. 

Magh-inis (Lecale, co. Down), Gentiles 
defeated in, 133. 

Magh-Itha, or Magh-Itha-Fothairt, a plain 
in the now barony of Forth, co. Wei- 
ford, 5, 99. 



Magh-Latrainn, a plain in Dal-Araidhe, 

(comprised in the present bar. of Upper 

Glenarm, co. Antrim), 5, 
Magh Lecet, in Connacht, 75. 
Magh Life (" the plain of the LiflTey ") in 

Kildare, 27. 
Magh Lena (Moylena, King's co.), battle 

of, 181. 
Magh-Luirg (Moylurg, in Connacht), 

201,325, 333. 
Magh Raighne (an ancient plain in the 

now bar. ofKells, co. Kilkenny), 199. 
Magh Rath (Moira, co. Down), battle of, 


Magh-Sere, a plain in Connacht, 5. 
Magh Treagha in Teathbha (Moytra, in 

the bar. and co. of Longford), 113. 
Magh-Tuiredh (Moy-tury, near Cong, co. 

Mayo), also called Magh-nEdara, 5. 
Mag Lainne, slain, 55. 
Magnus, King of Lochlann, invades Ire- 
land, 307 ; makes peace with Muircer- 

tach Ua Briain, ib.; slain, 309. 
Mahee Island. See Aendruirn. 
Maine, Abbot of Aeudruim, death of, 


Maine, son of Cerbhall, slain, 45. 
Maine, son of Kiall, death of, 23. 
Maine, son of Niall, son of Cernach, 117. 
Mainistir, or Mainistir-Buite (Monaster- 

boice, co. Louth), 135 ; Domhnall,Bishop 

of, 243 ; Flann, son of Cuana, Abbot of, 

149 ; Mann, lector of, 283 ; the steeple 

of, burnt, 305. 
Malachy, Archbishop of Armagh. See Ua 

Morgair, Maelmaedhoig. 
Manchan of Liath, dies, 99. 
Manchen of Menadrochit, death of, 93. 
Mar, Great Steward of, 252, n. 2 . 
Marcan, King of Ui Maine, slain, 93. 
Marcan, son of Cennedigh, dies, 247. 
Margarita, wife of Maelcoluim, son of 

Donnchadh, dies of grief, 301. 
Martan, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois and 

Daimhinis, dies, 161. 
Martin I., Pope, 89. 
Mathghamhain (pron. Mahoun), King of 

Munster, slain, 223. 

Mathghamhain, son of Dubhgall, son of 
Amhlaibh, slain, 249. 

Mauricius, death of, 69. 

Meath. See Midhe. 

Mel, Bishop. See Mael. 

Menadrochit (now Monadrehid, Queen's 
co.), death of Lasren of, 69; death of 
Manchen of, 93. 

Merlechan, King of Gaileng, slain, 241. 

Midhe (Meath, anciently comprising the 
present counties of Meath and West- 
meath, with a part of the King's co.), 
taken from the Lagenians, 39; kings 
of, 67, 75, 79, 83, 85, 93, 109, 135, 145, 
159, 191, 193, 205, 207, 209, 221,261, 
269, 303, 309, 31 1, 327, 341 ; half-kings 
of, 159, 209, 263: Conchobhar, royal 
heir of, 335; invaded 157, 233; plun- 
dered, &C., 143, 145, 157, 167, 203, 2*59, 
305 ; the men of, defeated, 1 37 ; the men 
of, invade Munster, 317; the hostages 
of, taken, 241, 265; divided into two 
principalities, 319. 

Midhe, the East of, 331. 

Midhe, the West of, 177, 283, 317 ; kings 
of, 265, 267, 317. 

Milidh (Milesius), 11, 13. 

Milidh, the sons of, 11, 13. 

Minnbairenn, Abbot of Achadh-bo, death 
of, 111. 

Mobai Mac Hui Aldai, death of, 83. 

MobhiClairinech(afrasBercan), death of,47. 

Mochaemhog of Liath Mor, death of, 91. 

Mochaius. See Mochae. 

Mochae, of Naendruim (or Aendruim, now 
Mahee Island, in Strangford Lough), 
death of, 33. 

Mochae (the 2nd) of Naendruim, death of, 

Mochta, St., death of, 45. 

Mochta, lector of Ard-Macha, 167, 173. 

Mochta. See Carthach. 

Mochua Mac Cuist, death of, 101. 

Mochua, son of Lonan, dies, 95. 

Mochua. See Dachua. 

Mochuda. See Carthach. 

Modharn, or Modhorn (the Mourne river, 
co. Strabane), 9, 269. 



Moenu, Bishop of Cluain-ferta Brenainn, 

death of, 59. 
Moghdhorna (now the bar. of Cremorne, 

co. Monaghan), 73. See Mughdhorna- 


Mogoboc Mac Ua Lamha, dies, 97. 
Moin-Daire-Lothair, battle of, 55. 
Moin-mor, near Mallow, co. Cork, 327. 
Moira, co. Down. Sec Magh-Kath. 
Molaise, St., of Daimhinis, death of, 57. 
Molaise. See Dalaise. 
Moling Luachra, dies, 113. 
Molua Mac Ui Oche, birth of, 51. Sec 

Lughaidh Mac Ui Oche. 
Molyneux, Dr. Thomas, Int. six. 
Monasterboice. See Mainistir. 
Mongan, son of Fiachna, killed, 79. 
Moninne. See Darerca. 
Moon, eclipses of the, 1 03, 1 1 1, 1 27, 1 59, 263. 
Mor, daughter of Donnchadh, Queen of 

Ireland, 231. 

Mor, daughter of Tadhg, Queen of Ire- 
land, 233. 
Mor, Queen of Laighen-Desgabhair, dies, 

Mor, wife of Euaidhri Ua Conchobhair, 

dies, 299. 
Mor Mumhan (i.e. Mor [Queen] of Mun- 

ster), death of, 83. 
Mortality, great, 99, 101, 181, 235. See 


Mortality of children, 107. 
Mortality of cows, 113, 117, 231. 
Mothla, King of the Deisi-Mumhan, slain, 


Mourne, co. Down. See Barchi. 
Mourne, river. See Modharn. 
Moville, co. Down. See Magh-bile. 
Moy. For names of places beginning with 

Moy ("a plain"), see Magh, and its 


Moy. See Magh-Dumha. 
Moy, river. See Muaidh. 
Moygoish. See Ui-Mig-Uais. 
Moytra. See Magh-Treagha. 
Muaidh (Moy) river, 9. 
Muccnamha, or Mucsnamha (Mucknoe, co. 

Monaghan), 139 187. 

Mucremhe, battle of, 35. 

Mughdhorna - Maighen (Oremorae, co. 
Monaghan), 227, 247, 307. See Mogh- 

Mughron, Abbot of Hi, dies, 227. 

Mughron, half-king of Connacht, dies, 165. 

Mughron, King of the Three Comanns, 
slain, 189. 

Mughron, King of Ui Maine, 185, 

Mughron, son of Diarmaid, 147. 

Muine-Brocan, in Meath, battle of, 209. 

Muinter-Anghaile, the tribe name of the 
OTarrells of Longford, 345. 

Muinter-Blatinne, 75. 

Muinter - Cethernaigh, Congalach Ua 
Brain slain by, 349. 

Muinter-Cinaeith (or Munter-Kenny), a 
sept anciently seated in the present 
barony of Dromahaire, co. Leitrim, 307, 

Muinter-Eolais, the tribe name of the 
family of Reynolds, co. Leitrim, 307. 

Muinter-Geradhain (Muntergeran), a ter- 
ritory on the W. side of Lough Gowna, 
co. Longford, 325. 

Muinter-Laeghachain, plundered, 345. 

Muinter-Luanaim, a tribe seated anciently 
in Feara-Ceall, King's co., 339. 

Muinter-Maeilsinna (a sept anciently 
settled in the present bar. of Kilkenny 
West, co. Westmeath), 235, 303, 343. 

Muinter-Tadhgaiu, a tribe inhabiting the 
territory forming the present barony of 
Kilcoursey, King's co., 307, 341. 

Muinter-Tlamain (a tribe anciently set- 
tled in Westmeath), 289, 295. 

Muircertach (pron. Murtough), comarb of 
Patrick, dies, 337. 

Muircertach, son of Aedh, King of Midhe, 

Muircertach, son of Carthach Calma, 263. 

Muircertach, son of Conchobhar, 217. 

Muircertach, son of Congalach, slain, 215, 

Muircertach, son of Niall (i.e. Murtough 
of the Leather Cloaks), 197, 199, 201', 
203, 205. 

Muircertach Mac Erca, King of Ireland, 
29, 31, 35,37, 39, 41,43. 



Muircertach, son of Tighernan, 191. 

Muircertach, King of Breifne, 125. 

Muirchertach Na>, King of Connacht, 101. 

Muirecan, King of Nas and Airther Life, 
slain, 159. 

Muiredhach (pron. Murrough), a sage- 
Bishop, suffocated, 247. 

Muiredhach, comarb of Fechin, 229. 

Muiredhach, comarb of Patrick, dies, 217. 

Muiredhach, lector of Cluain-muc-Nois, 
dies, 293. 

Muiredhach, Abbot of Leithghlinn, 125. 

Muiredhach, son of Mughron, comarb of 
Ciaran, 265. 

Muiredhach, King of Connacht, a quo Sil- 
Muiredhaigh, dies, 115. 

Muiredhach, King of Laighen, dies, 169. 

Muiredhach, son of Bran, half-king of 
Laighen, dies, 129. 

Muiredhach, son of Ruaidhri, King of 
Laighen, death of, 137. 

Muiredhach, King of Uladh, slain, 135, 143. 

Muiredhach, half-king of Uladh, slain, 175. 

Muiredhach, son of Rian, King of Ui- 
Cennsealaigh, 225. 

Muiredhach, son of Madudhan, 245. 

Muiredhach Tirech (pron. Murryagh 
Tiragh), King of Ireland, slain, 1 5. 

Muirenn, Abbess of Cill-dara, dies, 1 39. 

Muirenn, Abbess of Cill-dara, dies, 189. 

Muirenn, daughter of Congalach, comarb 
of Brigid, 225. 

Muirenn, daughter of Mac Colmain, Ab- 
bess of Cill-dara, 215. 

Muirgel, daughter of Flann Sionna, 197. 

Muirgel, or Muirgheal, daughter of Mael- 
sechlainn, 169. 

Muirgel, Queen of Laighen, 153. 

Muirgeilt, a mermaid, 57. 

Muirghes, son of Tomaltach, King of Con- 
nacht, 127, 129. 

Muirghius, son of Conall, slain, 121. 

Muirghius, son of Domhnall, King of Ui 
Maine, 231. 

Muirghius, royal heir of Connacht, 231. 

Muirigan Bocht, comarb of Patrick, 243. 

Muir romhuir, i.e. Mare rubrum, the Red 
Sea, II. 

Mullaghnoney. See Indein-na-nD^si. 

Mumhain, or Mumhan, recte Mumha 
(Munster), kings of, 31, 59, 61, 63, 69, 
75, 79, 81, 83, 85, 91, 97, 99, 105, 109, 
113, 117, 119, 131, 143, 147, 151, 157, 
205,207,211, 213, 2)5, 223, 313, 329, 
339; royal heir of, 341 ; queen of, 83; 
Maelbrighde, Archbishop of, 177 ; in- 
vaded, 181, 189, 297, 317; plundered, 
169; subjugated by Maelsechlainn I., 
155; the "Law of Patrick" established 
in, 131 ; the men of, defeated by Con- 
nachtmen, 297, 321 ; the men of, invade 
Connacht, 343; the fleet of, defeated, 
1 85 ; a slaughter of Gentiles by the men 
of, 127; the hostages of, taken, 153, 155. 

Muna-Milain, 267. 

Mungairid(Mungret), co. Limerick, burn- 
ing of, by Gentiles, 141. 

Mungret. See Mungairid. 

Munster. See Mumhain. 

Munster, West. See lar-Mumhain. 

Murchadh (pron. Murrough), gains a vic- 
tory over the Foreigners, 139. 

Murchadh, son of Aedh, King of Con- 
nacht, death of, 143. 

Murchadh, son of Bran, King of Laighen, 

Murchadh, son of Brian, 245, 249, 251. 

Murchadh, son of Dalach, 215. 

Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, King of the 
Ui Neill, mortal wounding of, 119. 

Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, slain, 289. 

Murchadh, son of Dunlaing, King of 
Laighen, slain, 275. 

Murchadh, son of Finn, King of Laighen, 

Murchadh, son of Maelduin, King of Cinel 
Eoghain, 131, 179. 

Murchadh, i.e. Glun-hllair, King of 
Ailech, 219, 223. 

Murchadh, chief of Clann-Murchadha, 22 1 . 

Murchadh Liathanach, royal heir of Con- 
nacht, slain, 291. 

Murchadh Midhe.thebattle of Bile Tenedh 
gained by, 1 19. 

Murchadh, Abbot of Ros-Comain, dies, 



Muscraidhe-tire (the ancient name of the 
baronies of Upper and Lower Ormond, 
co. Tipperary), 233. 

Naemhan, chief artificer of Ireland, 243. 
Naendruim, or Aendruim (Mahee Island), 
death of Mochae of, 89; Cronan, Bishop 
of, 89 ; Cuimine, Bishop of, 95 ; Maine, 
Abbot of, 107. See Aendruim. 
Naiton, King. See Necton. 
Names, formation of, 72, n. '. 
Nanny Water. See Anghi. 
Nas (Naas), Muirecan, King of, slain, 

Nathi (or Dathi), King of Ireland, Int. x., 

19, 21. 

Nechtan, son of Cananan, death of, 77. 
Nechtan, death of, 105. 
Necton (Naiton), King, expelsthe "family" 

of Hi, 119. 

Nel, son of Fenius, goes to Egypt, 9. 
Nenagh. See Aenach-Tete. 
Nessan, the leper, death of, 51. 
Nia, son of Cormac, slain, 123. 
Niall, son of Aedh, King of Uladh, 221. 
Niall, son of Aedh, 181, 185, 187. 
Niall, son of Aghda, slain, 237. 
Niall, son of Cernach Sotail, gains the 

battle of Imlech Fio, 109. 
Niall, son of Cinaedh, King of Umhall, 

dies, 149. 
Niall, son of Diarmaid, King of Midhe, 

dies, 135. 
Niall, son of Dubhtuinne, King of Uladh, 

Niall, son of Fergal, royal heir of Ailech, 

slain, 203. 

Niall, sen of Gillan, death of, 155. 
Niall, son of Laeghaire, King of the Desi, 

dies, 173. 
Niall Caille, King of Ireland, 135, 136, 

139, 143, 145, 147. 
Niall Frosach, meaning of the name of, 

Niall Glundubh, King of Ireland, 189, 


Niall of the Nine Hostages, King of Ire- 
land, 17, 19. 

Nimhedh (pron. "Nivvy"), son of Agno- 

man, arrives in Ireland, 9. 
Nindigh, or Ninnigh, son of Dnach, 47, 

53, 57. 
Norsemen, 141, 145, 153, 155, 209. See 

Foreigners, and Gentiles. 
North Britain, Maelcoluim, son of Domh- 

nall, King of, 235. 
Nua-chongbhail, now Oughaval, barony 

of Murrisk, co. Mayo, 337. 
Nuadha, Abbot of Ard-Macha, goes to 

Connacht, 127 ; dies, ib. 
Nuadha, Bishop of Glenn-da-locha, 199. 
Nuadha, King of Gull and Irgull, slain, 


Nuadha, one of the Tuatha De Dauann, 9. 
Nuadha Ua Lomthuili, 1 23. 
Nuarrach, the oratory of, burnt, 151. 
Nuts, profusion of, 305, 345. 

O'Aillein. See Ua Aillein. 

Oak crop, a great, 345. 

Oaths, anciently sworn by the elements, 

25, 27. 
O'Beccan, or Ua Beccan, Flann, Airchi- 

nech of Druim-cliabh, dies, 211. 
O'Begulain. See Ua Begulain. 
O'Boland. SeeUa Beollain. 
O'Boylan. See Ua Baigheallain. 
O'Boyle. See Ua Baeighell and Ua 


O'Breen. See Ua Brain. 
O'Brennan. See Ua Braenain. 
O'Brien. See Ua Briain. 
O'Brien, Bishop, Int. xxvi.,xxviL, xxxiii., 


O'Bric. See Ua Brie. 
O'Brollaghan. See Ua Brolchain. 
O'Caemhain, privileges of, Int. xiii. 
O'Caindealbhain (O'Quinlan), Aengus, 

King of Laeghaire, slain, 331. 
O'Cahalan. See Ua Cathalain and Ua 


O'Cahill. See Ua Cathail. 
O'Canannain, Maelcoluim, King of Cinel 

( 'on. Mill. 213. 
O'Canannain, Muircertach, King of Cinel 

Conaill, slain, 215. See Ua Canannain. 



O'Carey, or O'Keary. See Ua Ciardha. 
O'Carroll. See Ua Cerbhaill. 
O'Carthy. See Ua Carthaigh. 
O'Casey. See Ua Cathasaigh. 
O'Ceallaigh (O'KeUy), CeaUach, King of 

Bregh, slain, 345. 
O'Ceallaigh, Tadhg, King of Ui Maine, 

343. See Ua Ceallaigh. 
Ocha, a place near Tara, in Meath co., 

battle of, 29. 

O'Clery. See Ua Clerigh. 
O'Coffey. See Ua Cobhthaigh. 
O'Conaty. See Ua Connachtaigh. 
O'Concannon. See Ua Concennain, and 

Ui Diarmada. 

O'Confiacla. See Ua Confiacla. 
O'Conolly, or O'Connelly. See Ua Con- 

O'Conor, or O'Connor. See Ua Concho- 

O'Conor, Charles, of Belanagare, quoted, 

Int., xvii., xx., xxi., 15, n. 10 , 25, n. ?. 
O'Conor, Key. Dr., quoted, Int., xxvii., 

xxxiv., xxxv., xxxvi., 78, n. 8 , 84, n. 1 , 

86, n. *, 104, n. 6, 128, n. 2, 129, n. e, 

148, n. *, 152, n. 1, 193, n. 6, 207, n. 1, 

228, n. 8, 267, n. *, 268, n. 2 , 312, n. 1. 
O'Cosgry. See Ua Cosgraigh. 
O'Criochain, King of Fernmhagh, slain, 


O'Cuilennain. See Ua Cuilennain. 
O'Curry, Professor, quoted, Int., xiv., 

xxxiii., xxxvi., 304, n. J . 
O'Davoren, Donnell, Int., xv. 
O'Denny. See Ua Dunadhaigh. 
Odhbha (the ancient name of a mound 

near Navan, co. Meath), battles of, 73, 


Odhor, King of Calraighe, slain, 283. 
Odhran (pron. "Oran"), of Letracha, 

death of, 49. 

O'Donegan. See Ua Donnagain. 
O'Donnell. See Ua DomhnailL 
O'Donoghue. See Ua Donnchadha. 
O'Donovan, John, LL.D., quoted, Int. 

xiv., xviii., n. s , xxvii., xxxi., xxxii., 

xxxviii., 43, n., 44, n. 8 , 78, n. 8 , 116, 

n. 8 , 120, n. 136, n, *, 144, n. , 152, 

n. i, 252, n. , 274, n. , 280, n. , 288, 

n. 2, 300, n. 8 , 315, n. , 325, n. 
O'Dooley. See Ua Dubhlaigh. 
O'Dowda. See Ua Dubhda. 
O'Dowdas, patrons of the Mac Firbises, 

Int., xi. 

O'Duff. See Ua Duibh. 
O'Duffy. See Ua Dubhthaigh. 
Oena (St. Endeus of Aran), Flann Ua 

Donnchadha, comarb of, 247. 
Oena Mac Ua Laighsi, Abbot of Cluain- 

muc-Nois, death of, 69. 
Oenagan, Airchinnech of Eglais-beg, 209. 
Oengus (or Aengus) Uladh, 99. 
Oengus, son of Carthach Calma, 259. 
Oengus, son of Donnchadh, King of Midhe, 

205, 207. 
Oengus, son of Flann, royal heir of Erinn, 

dies, 187. 

Oenric (the Emperor Henry II.), 263. 
Oenric (Henry II. of England), dies, 337. 
Oentraibh (Antrim), death of Fintan of, 


O'Fallon. See Ua Fallamhain. 
O'Farrell. See Ua Ferghail. 
Offaly. See Ui-Failghe. 
O'Flaherty. See Ua Flaithbhertaigh. 
O'Flaherty, Roderick, Int., xv., xvi., 

xviii., xix., xxvii., xxxiii., xxxv. 
OTlaithbhertaigh (O'Flaherty) Ruaidhri, 

slain, 343. 
O'Flanagan. See Ua Flannacain, or Ua 


O'Flannagain, the Spaillach, 321. 
O'Flannan. See Ua Flaithnain. 
O'Flattery. See Ua Flaithri. 
O'Floinn (O'Flynn), Eochaidh, a poet, 9. 
O'Flynn. See Ua Flainn. 
O'Fogarty. See Ua Fogartaigh. 
Ogaman (not identified), battle of, 97. 
Ogan, grandson of Core, 267. 
O'Gara. See Ua Gadhra, 
O'Gormley. See Ua Gairmleadhaigh. 
Ogmha (pron. Ogva), one of the Tuatha 

De Danann, 9. 

O'Halligan. See Ua Ailecain. 
O'Hanly. See Ua hAindlidhe. 
O'Hanrahan. See Ua Anradhain. 



O'Hanratty. See Ua Inreachtaigh. 

O'Hara. See Ua Eghra. 

O'Hart. See Ua hAirt. 

O'Hartagan. See Ua Artagan. 

O'Hea, or Hughes, See Ua Aedha. 

O'Heney. See Ua Eghnigh, or Ua Heni. 

O'Heraghty. See Ua Airechtaigh. 

O'Heyne. See Ua Edhin, or Ua hEidhin. 

O'Hoey, or Hoey. See Ua Eochadha. 

O'Hogan. See Ua Ogain. 

Oige, a Milesian king, dies, 13. 

Oilill, or Ailill, son of Dunchadh, son of 
Aedh Slaine, dies, 97. 

Oilill, son of Dunlaing, victor in the battle 
of Cill-Osnaigh, 31. 

Oilill, son of Dunlaing, King of Laighen, 
slain by Norsemen, 163. 

Oilill, son of Feradhach, slain, 123, 

Oilill, King of Munster, dies, 113. 

Oilill Molt, King of Ireland, beg. of reign 
of, 27 ; defeats the Lagenians, ib. ; de- 
feated by the Lagenians, ib. ; celebrates 
the " Feast of Temhair," ib. ; slain, 29. 

OisineFoda, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, death 
of, 93. 

O'Kane. See Ua Cathain. 

O'Kearney. See Sinnacha. 

O'Keary, or O'Carey. See Ua Ciardha. 

O'Keaveny. See Ua Gebheannach. 

O'Kelly. See O'Ceallaigh, and Ua Ceal- 

O'Kennedy. See Ua Cennedigh. 

O'Kennelly. See Ua Cinnfaeladh. 

O'Lachtnain, Muiredhach, King of Teabh- 
tha, dies, 213. 

O'Laeghachan, Ruarc, King of Feara-Cul- 
Teabhtha, dies, 211. 

Olaf. See Amhlaibh. 

O'Larkin. See Ua Lorcain. 

Olchobhar, King of Munster, 149, 151. 

Ollarbha (the mouth of the Larne Eiver), 
a mermaid captured at, 57. 

O'Longain, or Long. See Ua Longain. 

O'Lynch. See Ua Loingsigh. 

O'Madden. See Ua Madudhain. 

O'Maenaigh (now Meany), Ferdomhnach, 
Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 211. 

O'Mahony. See Ua Mathghamhna. 

O'Maille (O'Malley), slain, 337. 
O'Malone. See Ua Maeileoin. 
O'Mannin. See Ua Mainnin. 
Omeith, or Ui-Meith-Macha (j. T.), plun- 
dering of, 138, n. y , 139. 
O'Melaghlin. See Ua Maeilsechlainn. 
O'Melaghlin, Conchobhar, son of Domh- 

naU, 211. 
O'Melaghlin, Donnchadh, royal heir of 

Temhair, 209. 

O'Molloy. See Ua Maeilmhuaidh. 
O'Molloy, Mughron, King of Feara-Ceall, 

dies, 215. 

O'Monahan. See Ua Manachain. 
O'More. See Ua Mordha. 
O'Morgair. See Ua Morgair. 
O'Muldoon, or Meldon. See Ua Maeili- 


O'Muldory. See Ua Maeildoraidh. 
O'Muldory, Oengus, King of Cinel Conaill, 


O'Mulholland. See Ua Maeilcallain/ 
O'Mulmoghery. See Ua Maeilmocherghi. 
O'Mulrennin. See Ua Maeilbhrennain, 

and Clann-Conchobhair. 
O'Mulrooney. See Ua Maeilruanaidh. 
O'Murray. See Ua Muiredhaigh. 
O'Naghten. See Ua Nechtain. 
Onchu, the battle of Cuil Corra gained by, 


Onchu, son of Saran, 97. 
O'Neill. See Ua Neill. 
O'Neill, Domhnall, son of Muircertach,207. 
O'Neylan. See Ua Niallain. 
O'Quill. See Ua Cuill. 
O'Quin. See Ua Cuinn. 
O'Quinlan. See Ua Cainnelbhain. 
Orcdoid, son of Sechnasach, slain, 95. 
O'Regan. See Ua lliagain. 
Oriel. See Airghialla.- 
Orlaith, daughter of Cennedigh, 205. 
Ormond. See Ir-Mumhain, and Ur-Mu- 


O'Rourke. See Ua Ruairo. 
O'Rowan. See Ua Ruadhain. 
O'Ryan. See Ua Riain. 
O'Shanahan. See Ua Seanchain. 
O'Sheridan. See Ua Sirid<?n. 




Osirice, son of Albirt, slain, 83. 

Osraighe (the tribes and territ. of Ossory), 
kings of, 71, 89, 95, 117, 145, 157, 165, 
171, 18), 183, 199, 201, 207, 223, 235, 
237, 241, 273, 275, 283, 309, 325, 345; 
defeated, 133,309, 327, 335 ; victories 
gained by, 223, 265 ; invaded by Muir- 
certach, son of Niall, 203 ; ravaged by 
Maclsechlainn, 255 ; the hostages of, 
265, 279. 

Osric, murders Oswine, 91. 

Ossen, a bishop, death of, 109. 

Ossene, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 

Oswine, murder of, 91. 

Oswiu, King of the Saxons, defeats 
Penda, 91 ; death of, 103. 

Ota, King of the Franks, defeated by 
Conrad II., 273. 

Othan Bee (i.e. Little Othan or Fothan, a 
sub-division of Fahan, bar. of Inish- 
owen, co. Donegal), a shower of honey 
in, 119. 

Othan Mor (Fahan, co. Donegal), a 
shower of silver in, 121. 

Otir, son of Eirgni, slays the son of 
Ausli, 169. 

Otir, King of the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, slain, 345. 

OTolairg, or Ua Tolairg, Niall, chief of 
Cuircne, 213. 

O'Toole. See Ua Tuathail. 

Owles, co. Mayo. See Umhall. 

Parthalon (pron. Paralon), 5, 7, 9. 

Patrick, St., birth of, 15; brought a 
captive into Ireland, ib. ; released from 
captivity, 1 7 ; goes to St. G ermanus, ib. ; 
returns to Ireland, 21; dies, 33; co- 
marbsof, 197, 213, 217, 237, 243, 247, 
261, 279, 287, 301, 311, 313, 329, 337; 
(see also under Ard-Macha, Abbots) ; the 
Gospel of, 31 ; the Law or Rule of, 125, 
127, 131 ; the shrine of, 129,231. 

Patrick, St., Old, Bishop of Glastoubury, 

Penda (King of Mercia), slain, 91. 

Penda, the sons of, 111. 

Peronne, death of St. Fursa in, 91. 

Pestilences in Ireland, 113, 125, 133, 193, 
285, 295, 303. See Plagues. 

Petrie, George, LL.D., works of, cited, 
216, n. *, 346, n. s. 

Pharaoh, alleged to have received Milidh 
(Milesius), 11. 

Philippus, 113. 

Piots (of Scotland), kings of, 25, n., 53, 
83, 102, n. 2, 105, 157, 163, 165. 

Pigs, a mortality among, 335. 

Pilgrims, remarkable, 171, 177. 

Plagues, in Ireland, 9, 47, 51, 117, 257, 
275. See Pestilences. 

Pontic Province, earthquake in, 35. 

Port-Lairge (Waterford), Amhlaibh of, 
slain, 335 ; Imhar of, slain, 229 ; Mael- 
isa Ua hAinmire, bishops of, 337 ; the 
son of Raghnall, King of, 255 ; the For- 
eigners of, 187, 197, 199, 231. 

Port Riogh (" King's Fort"), on the Black- 
water, in Ulster, 15. 

Prodigies, 127, 169, 177, 185, 207, 261, 
281, 309. 

Prophecies of Bee Mac D6, 137. 

Prophecy of St. Daciaroc, 135. 

Province of Conchobhar (i.e. Uladh, or 
Ulidia), 151. 

Radgand, the son of, slain, 1 1 5. 

Raen, King of the West of Midhe, 265, 267. 

Raghallach, King of Connacht, mortal 

wounding of, 89. 
Raghallach, son of Maelmhuaidh, slain, 

Raghallach, son of Uadach, slays Colman, 

son of Cobhthach, 77. 
Raghnall, son of Amhlaibh, slain, 227. 
Raghnall, son of Gothf rith, dies, 243. 
Raghnall, the son of, 205. 
Raghnall, the son of, King of Port-Lairge, 

slain, 255. 
Rain, bloody, 111. 
Raithin (Rahin, King's co.), expulsion of 

St. Mochuda from, 85. 
Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric (now Rathhugh, or 

Rahugh, bar. of Moycashel, co. \Vest- 

meath), 157. 



Bath Brenainn (Rathbrennan, co. Ros- 

coinraon), 67. 
Rath-cro (a place near Slane, co. Meath), 


Rathcroghan. See Cruachan. 
Rath-Edair (i.e. " the fort of Edar," situ- 
ated somewhere near the Hill of Howth ) , 

battle of, 297. 
Rath Fearadh (Rahara, co. Roscommon), 

129, n. 8. 
Rath-Guala (now probably Rathgaile, 

near Donaghadee), 77. 
Rath-linne (the ancient seat of the chiefs 

of the O'Mahony sept, co. of Cork), 

Rath-mor of Maghline (Rathmore, par. 

of Donegore, bar. of Upper Antrim, co. 

Antrim), battle of, 107. 
Raven, croaking of, an omen of destruc- 
tion, J23. 

Rechet. See Leghe and Rechet. 
Rechra (now Lambay Island), Tuathal, 

Abbot of, 151. 
Rechraith, now Raghra, near Shannon 

Bridge, King's co., 299. 
Rechtabhra, Abbot of Corcach, 161. 
Rechtabhra, King of the Deisi, 165. 
Rechtabhrach, Abbot of Cluain-ferta- 

Brenainn, 151. 
Reeves, Rev. Dr., services rendered by, 

Int. Ivii. ; works by, cited, 37, n. 4 , 39, 

. ", 53, n., 54, n. , 65, n. 6 , 85, n. ?, 86, 

n. , 87, n. ", 115, n., 118, n. , 133, n. ?, 

136, n. *, 138, n. , 159, n. e, 2Iti. n. *, 

248, n. i, 278, w. 3. 

Reflor, son of Neman, King of Scythia, 1 1 . 
Regles-Finghin (the "abbey church of 

Finghin"), at Cluain-muc-Nois, 257. 
Riagan, King of Ui Cennsealaigh, dies, 


Riagan, half-King of Laighen, dies, 141. 
Richard, King of France (?), 267. 
Rigan, son of Fergus, slain, 147. 
Righbhardan (Riordan), King of Eile, 

slain, 285. 

Rigullan, son of Conaing, 81. 
Rinn-Lmmnigh, a fleet assembled at, 325. 
Rivers, ancient Irish, 7, 

Robhartach, Bishop of Cill-dara, 165. 

Robhartach, comarb of Colum Cille, 211. 

Robhartach of Finnglass, abishop, dies, 161. 

Rodhri. See Ruaidhrigh. 

Roilt, a Foreigner, 197. 

Roisten, Abbot of Corcach-mor, death of, 


Romanus, Pope, 271. 
Rome, death of Donnchadh, son of Brian, 

in, 287. 
Ronan, Abhpt of Cluain-muc-Nois, 131, 


Ronan, son of Berach, 99. 
Ronan, sonofColman, King of Laighen, 75. 
Ronan, son of Colman, 77. 
Ronan, son of Tuathal, 79. 
Ros-ailithri, now Rosscarbery, co. Cork, 

161, 331. 
Ros-cam, or Ros-Comain (Roscommom), 

Murchadh, Abbot of, 227, Aedh, Bishop 

of, 165; burnt, 279, 337; plundered, 

127, 269. 
Ros-cre (Roscrea), abbots of, 157, 171; 

Ua Baillen, Bishop of, 277; the steeple 

of, 337. 
Ros-ech (Russagh, co. Meath), Dubhcui- 

linn, Abbot of, 179. 
Ros-Guill. See GuU. 
Ross (co. Roscorcmon), the battle of, 313. 
Ross-Deala (now Rosdalla, parish of Dur- 

row, co. Westmeath), 281. 
Ros-Serc, a residence of the Mac Firbises, 

Int. xiii. 
Rothechta, son of Finnghuine, murder of, 


Ruadh-bheitheach (Roevehagh), co. Gal- 
way, 333, 339. 
Ruaidhri, vice- Abbot of Cluain-Iraird,and 

tanist-Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 143. 
Ruaidhri, son of Coscrach, 235. 
Ruaidhri, son of Mervyn, comes to Ire- 
land, 167. See Ruaidhrigh. 
Ruaidhri Ua Donnagain, 253. 
Ruaidhrigh (Rodhri), son of Mervyn, slays 

Horm, 155. See Ruaidhri. 
Ruarc, son of Bran, King of Laighen, 159, 
Ruarc, son of Tiyhcnuui, King of Brcifne, 




Ruirtech, the ancient name of the river 

Liffey, 7. 

Rule of Cele-Clerech, 181. 
Euleof Daire, 129. 
Rule of Patrick, 127. 
Ruman, Bishop of Cluain-Iraird, dies, 193. 

Sabhall (i.e. "the Barn"), a church which 
formerly existed at Armagh, 249. 

Saeltire, battle of, 85. 

Saerbrethach, Abbot of Corcach, 175. 

Saerbrethach, Abbot of Imlech-lbhair, 

Saigher (Seir-Kieran, King's co.), plun- 
dered by Gentiles, 145. 

Sailtin, battle of, 179. 

Sainngel (Singland, co. Limerick), 299. 

Samaoir (Erne) river, 7. 

Samuel, Bishop of Ath-cliath, 323. 

Saran Saebderg, slays Brandubh, King of 
Laighen, 71. 

Saran Ua Critain, dies, 97. 

Saxolb, Lord of the Foreigners, 143. 

Saxons, kings of, 83, 103, 131, 223, 271; 
Dunstan, Bishop of, 231 ; Osirice, royal 
heir of, 83 ; depredations in Ireland by, 
23, 107 ; receive the faith, 67 ; a battle 
among, 105 ; brought to Ireland by 
Amhlaibh and Imhar, 163. 

Bcanlan, King of Eoghanacht-locha-L&n, 
slain, 253. 

Scanlan M6r, King of Osralghe, 89. 

Scannlan, son Becin, King of theCruithne, 
89. See Sganlan. 

Sciagh Nechtain (a place near Castleder- 
mot, co. Kildare), the foreigners defeat- 
ed at, 149. 

Scolaighe, King of Dealbhna Bethra, 175, 

Scolog. See Ua Flannagain, Niall. 

Scota, wife of Miledh (Milesius), 11, 13. 

Serin of Adamnan (Skreen, co. Sligo), 225. 

Serin of Colum Cille (Skreen, co. Meath), 
223, 231, 273. 

Bcythia, Reflor, King of, slain, 11. 

Sea, an overflow of the, 121. 

Sechnall. See Secundinus. 

Sechnasagh, King of Cinel Boghain, 73. 

Sechnasach, King of Ireland, 99, 103, 

Seclmasach, King of Ui Maine, 119. 
Sechnasach, son of Airmedhach, 107. 
Secundinus, (or Sechnall), St., 23, 25. 
Segan Mac Ui Cuinn, Abbot of Bennchair, 


Segene, Bishop of Ard-Macha, 109. 
Segene, Abbot of Hi, death of, 93. 
Seghais (now the Curlieu hills, co. Sligo), 

35, 85, 331. 

Seir-Kieran. See Saigher. 
Senboth Sine (now Templeshanbo, eo. 

Wexford), 71. 

Senchan, son of Colman Mur, 65. 
Senchua Ua nAililla (Shancoe, co. Sligo), 

death of Ailbhe of, 47. 
Senchus Mor, when written, 23. 
Sen Magh Ealta ("the old plain of the 

flocks"), a plain near Dublin city, 9. 
Seth (or Scith, Island of Skye), the people 

of, 101. 

Sganlan, Bishop of Cill-dara, 169. 
Sgannlan, Bishop of Tamhlacht, 187. See 

Sgene Davilsir, wife of Almergin Gluin- 

gil, 15. 
Shancoe, co. Sligo. See Senchua Ua 

Shrine, of Adamnan, 139; of Ciaran, 177; 

of Colum Cille, 131, 167 ; of St. Patrick, 

129, 23). 

Sichfrith, Earl of Innsi-Orc, 253. 
Sichfrith, son of Imhar, slain, 171. 
Sigfridh, son of Uathmaran, 199. 
Sil-Anmchadha (the tribe name of the 

O'Maddens, whose territory comprised 

the bar. of Longford, co. Galway, and 

a part of the King's county), chief of, 

245 ; kings of, 237, 247, 289, 307, 337 ; 

plunder Cluain-muc-Nois, 279. 
Sil Cuinn (" the race of Conn," i.e. the 

Ui Neill, or Hy Neill race), kings of, 121. 
Sil Dluthaigh, 85. 

Sillan, Abbot of Bennchair, death of, 73. 
Sillan, Bishop of Daimhinis, dies, 95. 
Sillau, of Magh Bile, death of, 75. 
Sil-Maelruain, or Sil-Maeilruanaidh (the 

tribe name of the OTlynns, of Ros- 

cominon), 311, 333, 



Sil-Muiredhaigh (pron. Sheel-Murray, 
the tribe name of the O'Conors of Con- 
nacht, and their correlatives), 115; 
kings of, 300, n. , 301, 303, 321 ; de- 
feated, 313, 333 ; battles gained by, 303, 
337 ; expelled from Connacht, 301. 

Sli-Ronain, a tribe anciently seated in the 
present co. Westmeath, near Lough 
Ree, 307, 347. 

Sin (pron. " Sheen ") a fairy woman, kills 
Muircertach Mac Erca, 43, 45. 

Sinainn, Sinuinn, or Sionann, (the river 
Shannon), 141, 151. 

Sinchell, Abbot of Cill-Achaidh-Droma- 
fata, death of, 51. 

Sineall, Bishop of Magh Bile, death of, 

Sinnach, St., of Inis Clothrann, dies, 121. 

Sumach Finn, i.e. "the fair Fox." SeeUa. 
Catharnaigh, Cinaeth. 

Sinnach, Muiredhach, King of Teathbha, 
dies, 347. 

Sinnacha, i.e. " the Foxes," or family of 
O'Kearneys of Teffia, in Westmeath, 
279, 283. 

Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, 237, 249, 259, 
267, 269. 

Sitric, son of Imhar, 261. 

Sitric, grandson of Imhar, 197. 

Sitric Gaile, defeats Niall Glundubh, 

Sixtus, Bishop of Rome, death of, 23. 

Skye, Island of. See Seth. 

Slaibhre (not identified), battle of, 69. 

Slane, co. Meath, bishops of, 35, 209 ; lec- 
tor of, 209; the cross of, broken, 151 ; 
the belfry of, burnt, 209. 

Slanga, son of Parthalon, dies, 7. 

Slebhte (Sleaty, Queen's co.), death of 
Aedh, anchorite of, 113. 

Slemhain (now Slewen, near Mullingar, 
co. Westmeath), battle of, 67. 

Slemhain of Meath, battle of, 33. 

Slemhains of Magh-Itha (the name of a 
place in the co. Donegal, near Lough 
S willy), the Fomorians defeated at, 7. 

Sliabh-Beatha, now Slieve Baugh, be- 
tween. Fermanagh and Monaghan, 201 

Sliabh Bladhma (Slieve Bloom Moun- 
tains), 143. 
Sliabh Grot, a mountain in the bar. of 

Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary, 283. 
Sliabh Cua (Slieve Gua, co. Waterford), 

battles of, 65, 321. 

Sliabh Cualann (the Sugar-loaf Moun- 
tain, near Bray), eruption of strange 

water in, 161. 

Sliabh Donard. See Sliabh Slanga. 
Sliabh Ealpa (the Alps), Nathi, King of 

Ireland, killed by lightning at, 21. 
Sliabh-Fonnail (now Sliabh-Ui-Fhloinn, 

i.e. O'Flyn's Mountain, in the w. of 

the co. Roscommon), 279. 
Sliabh Fuaid (the Fews Mountains, near 

Armagh), 7, 117, 215, 307. 
Sliabh-Guaire, now Sliabh-Gorey, a moun- 
tainous district in the bar. of Clankee, 

co. Cavan, 283. 
Sliabh Mis, a mountain between Tralee 

and Killarney, 15. 
Sliabh Modharn, in the bar. of Cremorne, 

co. Monaghan, 7. 

Sliabh-Phelim Mountains. See Ebhlinn. 
Sliabh Rife (Mount Rhiphams, or the 

Ural Mountains), 11. 
Sliabh-Rusen (now Slieve Rusliel, co. 

Fermanagh), 315. 
Sliabh Slanga (now Slieve Donard), 

origin of the name, 7. 
Slieve Bawne, co. Roscommon, (Badlibh- 

ghna), 201. 

Sligech (Sligo) River, 9, 47. 
Snamh-aignech (Carlingford Lough), a 

battle between Foreigners at, 153. 
Snedgius, tutor of Cormac Mac Cuil- 

ennain, 171. 
Snow, great, 189, 213, 247, 277, 305, 313, 

317, 335. 
Sodomna, Bishop of Slane, martyred by 

Norsemen, 155. 
Soghan, or Soghan of Ui Maine, an 

ancient tribe and territory in the n.e. 

of the present co. of Galway, 281, 337. 
Sord. See Swords. 
South Bregh, kings of, 163, 187. Sec 




Southern Laighen, or Leinster. See 

Laighen Desgabhair. 
Spealan, King of Conaille, 1 95. 
Srath Caruin (in the valley of the Carron, 

in Stirlingshire, Scotland), battle of, 

87, 109. 
Srath Cluaidhe (the valley of the Clyde), 

Ardgal, King of the Britons of, slain, 163. 
Srath-Edairt (in Scotland), battle of, 95. 
Stackallan. See Tech-Collainn. 
Stain, a chief of the Finn-Ghenti, 153. 
St. Andrew's. See Cinn-rimonaidh. 
St. David's. See Cill-Muini. 
Strangford Lough. See Brena, and Loch- 

Suairlech, Bishop and Abbot of Cluain- 

Iraird, 163. 

Suairlech, Abbot of Indedhnen, 153. 
Suarlech, Abbot of Achadh-bo, 157. 
Suarlech, Abbot of Clonard, 157. 
Sugar-loaf Mountain. See Sliabh Cualann. 
Suibhne, vice- Abbot of Cill-dara, 171. 
Suibhne, son of Guana, Abbot of Cluain- 

muc-Nois, 129. 
Suibhne, anchorite of Cluain-muc-Nois, 


Suibhne, Abbot of Daimhinis, 139. 
Suibhne, son of Joseph, Abbot of Glenn- 

da-locha, 141. 
Suibhne, Abbot of Hi, 95. 
Suibhne, sonofColman,Kingof Midhe, 67. 
Suibhne, son of Congalach, slain, 123. 
Suibhne Menn, son of Fiachna, King of 

Ireland, 75, 81. 
Sun, eclipses of the, 109, 121, 159, 167, 

169, 203, 263, 335. 
Swords, co. Dublin, Maelmuire Ua Cain- 

nen, Bishop of, 263. 
Symmachus, Pope, 35. 
Synods; of Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa, 313; of 

Inis-Padraig, 345 ; of Uisnech, 315. 

Tadhg, son of Brian, defeats his brother, 

Donnchadh, 253 ; slain, 263. 
Tadhg, son of Cathal, King of Connacht, 

195, 213. 
Tadhg, son of Cathal, King of Connacht, 

255, 269. 

Tadhg, son of Conchobhar, King of Con- 
nacht, dies, 177. 

Tadhg, son of Conchobhar, slain, 215. 

Tadhg, son of Diarmaid, King of Ui 
Cennsealaigh, slain, 159. 

Tadhg, son of Faelan, King of Southern 
Laighen, 193. 

Tadhg, son of Lorcan, King of Ui-Cennse- 
laigh, dies, 269. 

Tadhg, son of Muirghius, slain, 127. 

Tadhg, King of Ui-Diarmada, slain, 221. 

Tadhg-an-teghlaigh, the grandson of, 
slain, 333. 

Tadhg Dubhsuilech, slain, 247. 

Taghmon, co. Wexford. See Teach 
Munna, and Fintan Mumra. 

Taillten (Teltown, co. Meath), battle of, 
33 ; the fairs of, 49, 171, 173, 197, 245, 
323 ; three persons burnt by lightning 
at, 155. 

Talamnach (or Tomaltach), the son of, 
slain, 121. 

Tallaght, co. Dublin. See Tamhlacht. 

Tamhlacht, or Tamhleachda (Tallaght, 
co. Dublin), meaning of, 9 ; Sgannlan, 
bishop of, 187. 

Tamhnacha, Fergal, King of, slain, 121. 

Tanaise, comarb of Comgall (i.e. Abbot of 
Bennchair), 213. 

Taprobane (Ceylon), visited by Milidh 
(Milesius), 11. 

Tara. See Temhair. 

Teabhtha, Teathbha, or Tephtha (Teffia, a 
territory comprising portions of the pre- 
sent counties of Longford and West- 
meath), kings of, 55,63, 69, 99, 131, 135, 
137, 167,173,177, 189,191,197,211,213, 
217, 222, n. \ 227,233, 235, 237, 239, 241, 
255, 257, 271, 273, 289, 295, 297, 303, 
305, 307, 341, 347 ; the men of, defeat- 
ed, 1P5 ; the churches of, spoiled, 143 ; 
a battle among the men of, 305; the 
hostages of, taken by Muircertach Mac 
Lochlainn, 347. 

Teach Munna (Taghmon, co. Wexford), 
Gentiles defeated by the "family "of, 137. 

Tech-Collainn (Stackallan, co. Meath), 
death of Cethernach, Bishop of, 277, 



Tech nDuinn (i.e. " Donn's house," now 

the Bull Island, off Bantry Bay), 13. 
Tech-inghine-Lingaigh (i.e. "the house 

of Lingach's daughter," in Ui Maine), 

Tech-Telle (Tehelly, King's co.), Mael- 

ruain, Abbot of, 171. 
Teffla. See Teabhtha. 
TeheUy. See Tech-Telle. 
Teltown, co. Meath. See Taillten. 
Temhair, or Temoria (Tara, co. Meath, 

the ancient seat of the Irish Monarchs), 

the "Feast" of, 25, 27 ; the battle of, 

225 ; Feidhlimidh, King of Munster, 

rests at, 143. 

Temple-Molaga, co. Cork, 162, n. 2 . 
Tempol-Chormaic (Cormac's Chapel), in 

Cashel, consecration of, 335. 
Tephtha. See Teabhtha. 
Terman-Dabheoc (now Termon-Magrath, 

bar. of Tirhugh, co. Donegal), plunder- 
ed, 315. 

Theodore, Bishop of Britain, dies, 111. 
Theodorus, Pope, 87. 
Thunder, great, 125. 
Tibraide, Abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, 

dies, 129. 
Tigernach, or Tighernach, Bishop of 

Cluain-Eois, 49, 215, 247. See under 

Tighernach, the Annalist. See Ua Brain, 

Tighernach, King of Loch-Gabhar, 149, 

151, 159. 
Tighernach Ua Clerigh, King of Aidhne, 

dies, 191. . 
Tighernan, King of Cinel Conaill, slain, 

Tighernan, son of Sellachan, King of 

Breifne, dies, 173. 

Tipraide, Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 199. 
Tipraide, son of Calgach, 65. 
Tiprait Finghin (i.e. " Finghin's Well "), 

at Cluain-muc-Nois, 75. 
Tir-Conaill, in the co. Limerick. See 

Ui Conaill-Gabhra. 
Tir Conaill. See Cinel Conaill. 
Tir Conaille-Cerd, a battle in, 1 59. 

Tir-da-glass (Terryglass, co. Tipperary), 

abbots of, 145, 175; burnt by Foreigners, 


Tir Eoghain. See Cinel Eoghain. 
Tlachtgha (now the Hill of Ward, co. 

Meath), burned, 181. 
Tnuthach, son of Mochloingsech, slain, 

Todd, Rev. J. H., D.D., services rendered 

by, Int., Ivii. ; works of, cited, 4, n. *, 6, 

n. s , 9, n. 9, 12, n. , 33, n. ', 48, n. , 72, 

n. i, 107, n. 6, 132, n. , 139, n., 148, n.i, 

150, n. e, ]60, nn. H 168, n. , 190, n. , 

214, . , 266, n. 1. 

Toichtech, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 127. 
Toirrdhealbhach, (pron. Turlough), son 

of Murchadh, slain, 251. 
Tola, battle of, 59. 
Tolarcan, son of Anfrith, King of the 

Cruithne, 95. 

Tolomnach, King of Ui Liathain, 91. 
Tolorg, son of Allailedh, chief of Fealla, 

slain, 145. 

Tolua Fota, 74, n. 1. 
Tomaltach (or Talamnach), the son of, 

slain, 121. 

Tomar, the ring of, 235. 
Tomine, Abbot of Ard-Macha, dies, 97. 
Tomrair, Earl, tanist of the King of Loch- 

lann, slain, 149. 

Tonsure. See Coronal tonsure. 
Tonsure, female, Int. 1. ; 171, n. 8 . 
Torach (Tory Island, off the coast of Don- 
egal), plundering of, 75. 
Torbach, Abbot of Ard-Macha, 127. 
Tore, the. See Dubhtuinne, King of 

Torolb, establishes himself on Loch Echach. 

Tortan (the ancient name of a place near 

Ardbraccan, co. Meath), battle of, 47 ; 

Maelcroibhe, King of, 191. 
Tradraighe (Tradry, co. Clare), 283, n *. 
Tragh-bhaile, the strand at Dundalk, 311. 
Tragh Brene (i.e. " the strand of Brene," 

on the eastern shore of Loch Swilly), 81. 
Treoid, or Treoit (Trevet, co. Meath), 151, 




Trevet. See Treoid. 

Trian Corcaighe, Ailill, Abbot of, slain, 

Tribhus Fliuch. See Dunnchadh, son of 

Tuadhcar, Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, 

dies, 171. 
Tuadh-Mumha, or Tuadh-Mumhain (Tho- 

mond), plundered, 319, 337. 
Tuaim Drubha, battle of, 35. 
Tuaim-greine (Tomgraney, co. Clare), the 

belfry of, 217; Domlmall, King of Sil- 

Muiredhaigh, interred in, 321. 
Tuatan, son of Diman, a druid, 55. 
Tuatha-De-Danann, overcome the Fir 

Bolg, 9. 

Tuathal, comarb of Ciaran, 221. 
Tuathal, Bishop of Daimhliag and Lusca, 

Tuathal, Abbot of Rechra and Dermhagh, 

dies, 151. 
Tuathal, son of Feradach, carried off' by 

Gentiles, 139. 

Tuathal, son of Morgann, death of, 97. 
Tuathal, son of Ugaire, King of Laighen, 


Tuathal, grandson of Ugaire, slain, 253. 
Tuathal Maelgarbh, King of Ireland, 45, 


Tuathal Ua Faelchon, slain, 119. 
Tuathchur, King of Luighne, dies, 149. 
Tuath-ratha (now Tooraa), a territ. in- 
cluded in the bar. of Magheraboy, co. 

Fermanagh, 321. 

Tuath Tuirbhe, a bardic name for Bregia,6 9. 
Tulach-ard, battle of, 102, n. *. 
Tulach-Garbha (now Tullaghan-garvey, 

bar. of Kilkenny West, co. Westmeath), 


Tulan, in Meath. See Tulen. 
Tulcadh (the Tolka River, near Dublin), 

Tulen, or Tulan (Dulane, near Kelle, co. 

Meath), bishops of, 165, 193; plundered, 

Turges, or Turgesius, erects a fortress on 

Loch Ribb, 145; captured and drowned, 


Ua Aedha (O'Hea, or Hughes), Fogartach, 

King of Feara-Luirg, 271. 
Ua Aghda (O'hAghda), Bee, the son of, 

Ua Aghda, Gillacoluim, King of Teabhtha, 

255, 257, 271. 
Ua Ailchinnedh, Gillapadraig, Bishop of 

Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, dies, 347. 
Ua Aillein, the Geocach, 313. 
Ua Airechtaigh (O'Heraghty), Ailill, co- 
marb of Ciaran, 291. 
Ua Airechtaigh, Goll-Cluana, 329. 
Ua Airt. See Ua hAirt. 
Ua Aiteidh, Domhnall, King of Ui- 

Echach, 229. 
Ua Ancapaill (O'Ancapaill), Maelodhar 

Call, lector of Cill-achaidh, 269. 
Ua Anradham (O'Hanrahan), Maelbren- 

ainn, dies, 335. 
Ua Artagan (O'Hartagan), Cinaedh, chief 

poet of Leth-Chuinn, dies, 223. 
Ua Baeighell (O'Boyle), the Garbhanach, 

slain, 331. 
Ua BaigheU (O'Boyle), Cinaeth, Bishop of 

Clochar, dies, 337. 
Ua Baeigheallain (O'Boylan), King of 

Airghiall, slain, 295. 
Ua Baighellain (O'Boylan), a poet, slain, 


Ua Baillen, Bishop of Ros-cre, dies, 277. 
Ua Begulain (O'Begulain), the deposing 

of, 241. 
Ua Beollain (O'Boland), Pettademain, 

slain, 309. 
Ua Braenain (O'Brennan), Conghalach, 

the son of, 345. 
Ua Brain (O'Breen), Congalach, King of 

Breghmhaine, 349 ; the son of, 347. 
Ua Brain, Domhnall, King of Bregh- 
mhaine, 343-5. 
Ua Brain, Donnchadh, comarb of Ciaran, 

dies, 231. 
Ua Brain, Sitric, King of Breghmhame, 

Ua Brain, Tighernach, the Annalist, dies, 

Ua Briain (O'Brien), Cennedigh, slain, 




Ua Briain, Conchobhar, King of Munster, 

329,331, 333, 335, 339. 
Ua Briain, Conchobhar, King of Cinel 

Eoghaiu, slain, 293. 
Ua Briain, Diarmaid, 317, 319, 321. 
Ua Briain, Domhnall Ban, slain, 279. 
Ua Briain, Domhnall, i.e. Gerr-lamhach, 

319, 337. 
Ua Briain, Donnchadh, son of Toirrdheal- 

bhach, 283, 309. 

Ua Briain, Muirckertach (Murtough), 
King of Ireland, 279, 2yl, 295, 297, HOI, 
307, 309,313, 315,317, 319; dies, 321. 
Ua Briain, Murchadh, subsidises Aedh Ua 
Conchobhair, 289 ; liberates captives, 
Ua Briain, Tadhg, taken prisoner by bis 

brother, 343. 

Ua Briain, Toirrdhealbhach (Turlough), 
King of Ireland, 269, 283, 289, 293 ; dies, 
295 ; death of Mor, daughter of, 299. 
Ua Briaiu, Toirrdhealbhach, King of Ire- 
land, 339, 343. 
Ua Brie, or Ua Bricc (O'Bric), Ceallach, 

Ua Brie, Muircertach, King of the Deisi, 

Ua Brolchain (O'Brollaghan), Mael- 

brighde, Bishop of Cill-dara, 305. 
Ua Brolchain, Maelisa, a professor of 

learning, 295. 
Ua Cainnelbhain (O'Quinlan), Cu-uladh, 

Ua Cainnfen, Maelmuire, Bishop of Sord, 


Ua Canannain (O'Canannain), Donn- 
chadh, King of Cinel Conaill, 291. 
Ua Canannain, Flaithbheartach, King of 

Cinel Conaill, slain, 239. 
Ua Canannain, Flaithbhertach, King of 

Cinel Conaill, dies, 275. 
Ua Canannain, Maelisa, slain, 217. 
Ua Canannain, Niall, slain, 225. 
Ua Canannain, Euaidhri, gains a battle,205 
Ua Canannain, Euaidhri, King of Cine] 

Conaill, 237, 269, 291. 
Ua Canannain, lluaidhri, King of Cine) 
Conaill, slain, 337. 

Ua Caroc (O'Caruc), slain, 327. 
Ua Carraigh, Muircertach, 259. 
Ua Carthaigh (O'Carthy), Muircertach, 

chief poet of Connacht, 289. 
Ua Carthaigh (O'Carthy), a poet, slain, 

Ua Cathail (O'CahiU), Gillamochonna, 

slain, 345. 
Ua Cathain (O'Kane), Eoghan, comarb of 

Brenainn of Cluain-ferta, dies, 229. \ 
Ua Cathalain (O'Cahalau), Ainmire, 

Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 209. 
Ua Catharnaigh (0'Kearney),Cinaeth, i.e. 
the Sinnach Finn, King of Teabhtha, 
slain, 295. 

Ua Cathasaigh (O'Casey), Cormac, co- 
marb of Brigid, dies, 343. 
Ua Cathasaigh, Gairbhith, King of Bregh, 

dies, 285. 

Ua Cathasaigh, Flaithbhertach, 345. 
Ua Cathasaigh, Maelciarain, slain, 295. 
Ua Cathluain (O'Cahalan), Cathal, the 

son of, 343. 
Ua CeaUaigh (O'Kelly), Aedh, King of 

Ui Maine, dies, 335. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Conchobhar, King of Ui 

Maine, slain, 269. 

Ua Ceallaigh, Conchobhar, slain, 337. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Conchobhar, the grandson 

of, 341. 

Ua Ceallaigh, Diarmaid, slain, 287. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Diarmaid, dies, 341. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Donnchadh, King of Ui 

Maine, slain, 291. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Eochaidh, 315. 
Ua Ceallaigh, Flannagan, King of Bregh, 

Ua Ceallaigh, Sinnach Soghain, slain, 325. 

Ua Ceallaigh, Tadhg, King of Ui Maine, 
slain at Clontarf, 25 1 . See O'Ceallaigh. 

Ua Ceirchaerach, Cathasach, lector of 
Ard-Macha, dies, 339. 

Ua Cennedigh (O'Kennedy), Madudhan, 


Ua Cennedigh, Gillapadraig, taken pri- 
soner, 335. 

Ua Cennedigl) , the son of Gillacaeinihghen, 




Ua Cerbhaill (O'Carroll), Finn, royal heir 

of Ele, slain, 343. 
Ua Cerbhaill, Galbrat, royal heir of Temh- 

air, slain, 285. 
Ua Cethnen(O'Cethnen), Flaithbhertach, 

comarb of Tighernach, 247. 
Ua Ciardha (O'Keary, or O'Carey) Fer- 

gal, King of Cairbre, slaiu, 277. 
Ua Ciardha, the Gillaclaen, King of 

Cairbre, slain, 349. 
Ua Ciardha, Maelruanaidh, King of 

Cairbre, 235. 
Ua Ciardha, Ualarg, King of Cairbre, 

slain, 249. 

Ua Cillin (O'Killeen), Cormac, a vice- 
Abbot, 297,311. 
Ua Cillin, Cormac, Bishop, 217. 
Ua Cillin, Conall, comarb of Cronan of 

Tuaim-greine, 265. 
Ua Cinnfaeladh (O'Kennelly), submits 

to Toirrdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, 

Ua Clerigh (O'Clery), Comaltan, 217, 

Ua Clerigh, Comaltan, the son of, 235, 

Ua Clerigh, Muiredhach, King of Aidhne, 

Ua Clumhain, Gilla-Aenghusa, poet, 

dies, 341. 
Ua Cobhthaigh (O'Coffey), Gilla-na- 

ninghen, King of Umhall, slain, 303. 
Ua Concennain (O'Concannon), Aedh, 

King of Ui-Diarmada, dies, 321. 
Ua Concennain, Donnchadh, dies, 339. 
Ua Concennain, Muirghius, King of Ui- 
Diarmada, dies, 273. 

Ua Concennain, Muirghius, King of Ui- 
Diarmada, dies, 311. 
Ua Concennain, son of Tadhg, King of 

Ui-Diarmada, 303. 
Ua Conchobhair (O'Conor), Aedh, King of 

Connacht, 273, 277, 279, 281, 283, 285, 

287, 289. 
Ua Conchobhair, Aedh, son of Cathal, 

slain, 301. 
Ua Conchobhair, Brian, royal heir of 

Connacht, 267. 

Ua Conchobhair, Cathal, son of Aedh, 293. 

Ua Conchobhair, Cathal, son Tadhg, slain, 

Ua Conchobhair, Cathal, the grandson of, 
slain, 335. 

Ua Conchobhair, Conchobhar, son of 
Ruaidhri, 309. 

Ua Conchobhair, Conchobhar, son of 
Toirrdhealbhach, 327, 341. 

Ua Conchobhair, Cuconnacht, the sons of, 
331, 333. 

Ua Conchobhair Domhnall, royal heir of 
Connacht, slain, 293. 

Ua Conchobhair, Domhnall, King of 
Connacht, dethroned, 311. 

Ua Conchobhair, Domhnall, the grandson 
of, 345. 

Ua Conchobhair, Donnchadh, King of 
Ciarraighe Luachra, slain, 339. See Ua 
Conchobhair Ciarraighe. 

Ua Conchobhair, Maelsechhiinn, King of 
Corcumruaidh, 267. 

Ua Conchobhair, Niall, royal heir of Con- 
nacht, 265. 

Ua Conchobhair, Kuaidhri, King of Con- 
nacht, 293, 297, 299, 301, 321 ; death of 
Mor, wife of, 299. 

Ua Conchobhair, Kuaidhri, son of Toirr- 
dhealbhach, apprehended by his father, 

Ua Conchobhair (Tadhg), King of Con- 
nacht, 263, 287. 

Ua Conchobhair, Tadhg, son of Kuaidhri, 
King of Connaoht, slain, 305. 

Ua Conchobhair, Tadhg, son of Toirrdheal- 
bhach, dies, 341. 

Ua Conchobhair, Toirrdhealbhach, King 
of Connacht, 311, 313, 315, 317, 319, 
321, 323, 325, 327, 331, 333,339,341, 
343, 345. 

Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe (O'Conor 
Kerry), King of Ciarraighe-Luachra, 

Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe, 325. 

Ua Conchobb air Failghigh (O'Conor Faly), 
Conchobhar, 299. 

Ua Conchobhair Failghigh Congalach, 



Ua Conchobhair Failghigh, Cuaifne, 329. 
Ua Concliobhair Failghigh, King of Ui 

Failghe, 279. 
Ua Confiacla (O'Confiacla), Aedh, King 

ofTeabhtha, 241. 
Ua Confiacla, Aedh, dynast of Teabhtha, 

beheaded, 275. 

Ua ConSacla, Domhnall, dies, 341. 
Ua Conghalaigh (0 Conolly), slain, 225. 
Ua Conghalaigh, Donnchadh, slain, 233. 
Ua Conghalaigh, Donnchadh, slain, 259. 
Ua Conghalaigh, Muircertach, 235. 
Ua Connachtaigh (O'Conaty), Serrach, 

slain, 343. 
Ua Cosgraigh (O'Cosgraigh), Conaing, 

Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 


Ua Cubhrain, slain, 343. 
Ua Cuilennain, King of Conaille, 219. 
Ua Cuill (O'Quill), Cennfaeladh, a poet, 

dies, 277. 

Ua Cuinn (O'Quin), Niall, slain, 251. 
Uadha, son of Aedh, King of Connacht, 

death of, 63. 
Ua Diugraidh, Conn, comarb of Caemh- 

ghen, 255. 
Ua Domhnaill (O'Donnell), Conchobhar, 

King of Ui-Tuirtre, 257. 
Ua Domhnaill (O'Donnell), Cucaille, King 

of Durlas, 239. 
Ua Domhnaill, Maelmordha, King of Ui- 

Cennsealaigh, dies, 323. 
Ua Domhnaill, Maelmordha, the sons of, 

Ua Donnagain (O'Donegan), King of 

Aradh-tire, slain, 269. 
Ua Donnagain, Maelsechlainn, King of 

Aradh-tire, slain, 323. 
Ua Donnagain, Kuaidhri, King of Aradh, 

slain, 253. 
Ua Donnagain, Ruaidhri, King of Aradh, 

dies, 303. 

Ua Donnchadha (O'Donoghue), Donn- 
chadh, King of Caisel, dies, 283. 
Ua Donnchadha, Flann, comarb of Oena, 

dies, 247. 
Ua Donnchadha, Macraith, King of 

Eoghanacht, 275. 

Ua Dubhanaigh (O'Dubhanaigh), Tua- 

thal, Bishop of Cluain-Iraird, 267. 
Ua Dubhda (O'Dowda), Aedh, King of 

the North of Connacht, 229. 
Ua Dubhda, Domhnall Finn, drowned, 

Ua Dubhda, Domhnall, the son of, 


Ua Dubhda, Gebhennach, dies, 243. 
Ua Dubhda, Maelruanaidh, King of Ui- 

Fiachrach-Muirisge, 243. 
Ua Dubhda, Maelsechlainn, dies, 243. 
Ua Dubhda, Muircertach, King of Ui- 

Fiachrach, slain, 305. 
UaDubhlaigh(O'Dooley), KingofFeara- 

Tulach, 341. 
Ua Dubhthaigh (O'Duffy), Muiredhach, 

Archbishop, dies, 349. 
Ua Duibh (O'Duff), son of Lennan, slain, 

Ua Duibhcinn (O'Deegan, or Deegan), 

Cathal, slain, 317. 
Ua Dunadhaigh (O'Denny), Cuconnacht, 

slain, 275. 
Ua Dunain, Maelmuire, Bishop, 313, 

UaEchtighern (nowAhern), Gillachrist, 

Bishop of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 

Ua Edhin, or Ua Eidhin (O'Heyne), 

Flann, slain, 327. 

Ua Edhin, Gilla-na-naemh, 301, 305-7. 
Ua Edhin, Gilla-ruadh, slain, 327. 
Ua Edhin, Maelfabhaill, King of Ui- 

Fiachrach-Aidhne, 277. 
Ua Edhin, Maelruanaidh, King of Aidhne, 

Ua Eghnigh (O'Heney), Gilla-Coluim, 

King of Airghiall, dies, 277. 
Ua Eghnigh, Niall, King of Feara-Man- 

ach, slain, 281. 

Ua Egnechain (O'hEgnechain), Mael- 
ruanaidh, King of Cinel Conaill, slain, 

Ua Eghra (O'Hara), Domhnall, King of 

Luighne of Connacht, 263. 
Ua Eghra, Domhnall, King of the Co- 

rann, 265. 



Ua Eghra (0*Hara), Murchadh, and his 

wife, slain, 335. 
Ua Eghra, Taithlech, King of Luighne, 

slain, 303. 

Ua Eghra, Taithlech, 335. 
Ua Eghrain, Echtighern, comarb of 

Ciaran and Coman, dies, 281. 
Ua Eochadha (O'Hoey, or Hoey), King of 

Uladh, 331. 
Ua Eochadha, Aedh, King of Uladh, 

slain, 323. 
Ua Eochadha, Conchobhar Cisenach, King 

of Uladh, slain, 311. 
Ua Eochadha, Donnchadh, King of 

Uladh, 307,317. 
Ua Eochadha, Donnsleibhe, King of 

Uladh, slain, 301. 
Ua Eochadha, Goll Garbhraighe, King of 

Uladh, slain, 311. 
Ua Eochadha, Niall, King of Uladh, 

slain, 327. 

Ua Eochadha, the Meranach, King of 
1 Uladh, drowned, 295. 
Ua Eolais, Duarcan, slain, 313. 
Ua Eolais, Muiredhach, slain, 297. 
Ua Eradain, Cumuscach, Abbot of Ard- 

Macha, 285. 
Ua Faillechain, Macraith, a bishop, dies, 

Ua Fallamhain (O'Fallon), the Craibh- 

dech, drowned, 301. 
Ua Fallamhain, Diarmaid, dies, 829. 
Ua Ferghail, or Ua Ferghaile (O'Ferrall, 

or O'Farrell), the son of Cucaille, slain, 


Ua Ferghail, Domhnall, plundered, 319. 
Ua Ferghail, Domhnall, King of the 

Fortuatha of Laighen, slain, 275. 
Ua Ferghail, the son of Gilla-na-naemh, 

slain, 313. 

Ua Ferghail, Sitric, slain, 297. 
Ua Fiachrach, Mac larainn, King of 

Ui-Enechlais, slain, 309. 
Ua Finn (O'Finn), Lethlobhar, King of 

Dal-Araidhe, slain, 225. 
Ua Finnallan (O'Finlan), Cearbhall, dies, 

UaFlainn (O'Flynn), Fiachra, slain, 311. 

Ua Flainn, Gilla-na-naemh, slain, 333. 
Ua Flainn, Oengus, comarb of Brenainu 

of Cluain-ferta, dies, 273. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh (O'Flaherty), Aedh, 

King of the West of Connacht, slain, 


Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Conchobhar, 327. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Flaithbheartach, 301, 

Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Flaithbhertach, the 

killing of, 335. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Muiredhach, King of 

Ui-Briuin-Seola, 271. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Muiredhach, King of 

the West of Connacht, slain, 323. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Kuaidhri, slain, 287. 
Ua Flaithbhertaigh, Serridh, slain, 221. 
Ua Flaithnain (O'Flannan) Loingsech, 

comarb of Ciaran and Cronan, dies, 275. 
Ua Flaithnen, comarb of Ciaran, 303,305, 

Ua Flaithri (O'Flattery), King of Uladh, 

burned, 291. 
Ua Flannacain (O'Flanagan), Eochaidh, 

the historian, 241. 
Ua Flannagain (O'Flanagan), Gilla-Pad- 

raig, King of Teabhtha, slain, 235. 
Ua Flannagain, Gillapadraig, King of 

Teabhtha, 271. 
Ua Flannagain, Niall, King of Teabhtha, 

slain, 273. 
Ua Fogartaigh (O'Fogarty), Fogartach, 

Ua Fogartaigh, Gillamuire, comarb of 

Brenainn, 315. 
Ua Fogartaigh, Maelisa, a bishop, dies, 

Ua Gadhra (O'Gara), Taithlech, King of 

Luighne, 217. 
Ua Gairmleadhaigh (O'Gormly) seizes the 

sovereignty of Cinel Eoghain, 341. 
Ua Gebheannach (O'Keaveny), royal heir 

of Ui Maine, 261. 
Ua Gerithir, Bishop of Cill-Dalua, dies, 

Ua Gillapadraig, Gillapadraig, King of 

Osraighe, slain, 345. 
Ua Gilla-Ultain, Imhar, slain, 303. 



Ua hAindlidhe (O'Hanly), Mac niestair, 
taken prisoner, 333-5. 

Ua hAinmire, Maelisa, Bishop of Port- 
Lairge, dies, 337. 

Ua hAirt (O'Hart), Domhnall, King of 
Teabhtha, dies, 255. 

Ua hAirt, Maelruanaidh, King of Teabh- 
tha, dies, 297- 

Ua hAirt, Muircertach, King of Teabh- 
tha, slain, 305. 

Ua hEidhin, or Ua Heidhin (O'Heyne), 
Aedh, King of Ui-Fiachrach, 323. 

Ua hEidhin, or Ua Heidhin, Gilla-na- 
naemh, King of Connacht, 301, 305-7. 
See Ua Edhin. 

Ua Heni (O'Heney), Domhnall, Archbi- 
shop, dies, 305. 

Ua Inreachtaigh (O'Hanratty), King of 
Ui Meith, slain, 331. 

Uaithne-fidhbhaidhe (pron. Ooney-feevy), 

Uaithne-tire (Owney, co. Tipperary"), 299. 

Ua Lachtnain, Diarmaid, King of Teabh- 
tha, 239. 

Ua Laeghachain, Cumedha, King of Sil- 
Eouain, 307. 

Ua Laeghachain, Cumedha, 345. 

Ua Laeghachain, Gilla-na-naemh, 345. 

Ua Laidhgnen, Lethlobhar, King of Air- 
ghiall, slain, 293. 

Ua Leochain (O'Leochain), Senan, King 
of Gaileng, 249. 

Ua Leochain, Senan, the son of, 263. 

Ua Leochain, the Sinnach, King of Gai- 
leng, 233. 

Ua Loingsigh (O'Loingsigh, or O'Lynch), 
Donnchadh, Kong of Dal-Araidhe, slain, 

Ua Loingsigh, Domhnall, King of Dal- 
Araidhe, 257. 
Ua Loingsigh, Flaithbheartach, comarb 

ofCiaran, 310, n. 1, 313. 
Ua Loingsigh, the son of Eochaidh, 299. 
Ua Longain (now O'Longan, or LongJ, 
Airchinnech of Ard-Patrick, killed by 
lightning, 315. 
Ua Lorcain (O'Larkin), Murchadh, King 
of Ui Muiredhaigh, slain, 309. 

Ua Lorcain, Muirghes, glain, 323. 

Ua Lothchain, Cuan, chief poet of Ireland, 


Ua Luanaim, Gillacainnigh, dies, 343. 
Ua Madudhain (O'Madden), King of Sil- 

Anmchadha and Ui Maine, slain, 337. 
Ua Maeilbhrennain (O'Mulrennin), Mur- 
chadh, and his wife, slain, 343. 
Ua Maeilcallain (O'Mulholland), Cucairid, 


Ua Maeilcallain, Dubhtaichligh, slain, 249. 
Ua Maeilcorghus (O'Maelcorghus), Ceall- 

ach, 239. 
UaMaeildoraidh (O'Muldory), Aedh, King 

of Cinel Conaill, 233, 269. 
Ua Maeildoraidh, Domhnall, King of Cinel 

Conaill, 271. 
Ua Maeildoraidh, Maelruanaidh, King of 

Cinel Conaill, 247, 265, 267. 
Ua Maeildoraidh, Muircertach, King of 

Cinel Conaill, 269. 
Ua Maeildoraidh, Niall, King of Cinei 

Conaill, dies, 285. 
Ua Maeileoin (O'Malone), Gillachrist, 

Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, 315,325,327. 
Ua Maeilgiric, a poet, dies, 299. 
Ua Maeiliduin (O'Muldoon, and lately an- 
glicised "Meldon"), Longarg, vice- Abbot 

of Cluain-muc-Nois, 261. 
Ua Maeilmacha (0'Maeilmacha),Tuathal, 

comarb of Patrick, dies, 247. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh (O'Molloy), King of 

Feara-Ceall, slain, 295. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, Domhnall, slain, 339. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, Fergal, King of Feara- 
Ceall, dies, 277. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, Gillacoluim, King of 

Feara-Ceall, slain, 313. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, Maelmhuaidh, King of 

Feara-Ceall, 259. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, the son of Fergal, 

slain, 339. 

Ua Maeilmhuaidh, the son of Fergal, 347. 
Ua Maeilmhuaidh, son of Ruaidhri, 339. 
Ua Maeilmocherghi (O'Mulmoghery, or 

Early), Muircertach, Bishop, dies, 347. 
Ua Maeilruanaidh (O'Mulrooney, or 
Kooney), lung of Uladh, slain, 291. 



Ua Maeilruanaidh (O'Mulrooney), Donn- 

chadh, dies, 341. 
Ua Maeilruanaidh, Maelsechlainn, slain, 


Ua Maeilruanaidh, Maelsechlainn, 267. 
Ua Maeilruanaidh, Maelsechlainn, slain, 

Ua Maeilruanaidh, Maelsechlainn, King 

of Crimhthann, slain, 273. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn (O'Melaghlin), Aedh, 

King of Ailech, dies, 295. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Art, dies, 339. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Conchobhar, King of 

Meath, 269, 285, 291. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Conchobhar, wastes 

Midhe, 305. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Conchobhar, son of 

Murchadh, slain, 335. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Conchobhar, grandson 

of Donnchadh, 339. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn Diarmaid, King of 

Midhe, 327, 331. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Domhnall, King of 

Cinel Eoghain, slain, 289. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Domhnall, son of 

Flann, King of Midhe, slain, 303. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Domhnall, son of 

Murchadh, 321, 327, 335. 
Ua Maeilseachlainn, Domhnall, half-King 

of Midhe, slain, 263. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Donnchadh, i.e. Car- 

rach-Calma, slain, 219. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Donnchadh, King of 

Midhe, 305,309, 311. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Maelruanaidh Got, 

slain, 225. 

Ua Maeilsechlainn, Maelsechlainn, 319. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Maelsechlainn, 343. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Muircertach, King of 

the West of Midhe, 31 1, 313, 339. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Murchadh, slain, 271. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Murchadh, son of Con- 
chobhar, 293. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Murchadh, son of 

Flann, 291. 
Ua Maeilsechlainn, Murchadh, King of 

Meath, 316, 317, 319, 321, 323, 327, 

333, 339, 341, 343, 347. 

Ua Maeiltelcha, Diarmaid, a Bishop, 259. 
Ua Maeiluidhir,Branagan, chief law -giver 

of Midhe, 261. 

Ua Maenaigh. See O'Maenaigh. 
Ua Maighne (O'Maighne), Maelciarain, 

comarb of Colum Cille, martyred, 231. 
Ua Mainnin (O'Mannin), King of Soghan, 

slain, 337. 
Ua Manachain (O'Monahan), Donnchadh, 

comarb of Caemhghen, 241. 
Ua Manachain, Muiredhach, a bishop, 271. 
Ua Mannachan (O'Monahan), Donn, slain, 

Ua Mathghamhna (O'Mahony), King of 

Uladh, slain, 287. 
Ua Mathghamhna, Aedh, King of Uladh, 

317, 327. 
Ua Mordha (O'More), Laeighsech, King 

of Laeighis, dies, 347. 
Ua Morgair (O'Morgair), Maelmaedhoig 

(Malachy), Bishop of Ard-Macha, 337, 

345, 347. 

Ua Morgair, Mughron, lector of Ard- 
Macha, dies, 307. 

Ua Mughroin (O'Moran), Cathal, 313. 
Ua Mughroin, the son of Cathal, i;97. 
Ua Muiredhaigh (O'Murray), chief of 

Muinter-Tlamain, slain, 295. 
Ua Muirigen, Cathal, King of Teabhtha, 

slain, 307. 

Ua Muirigen, Domhnall, King of Teabh- 
tha, slain, 303. 
Ua Muirigen, Tadhg, King of Teabhtha, 

slain, 289. 
Ua Mutain, Mughron, comarb of Bairre, 

slain, 283. 
Ua Nechtain (O'Naghten), Uareirghe,dies, 

Ua Neill ^O'Neill), Aedh, son of Domhnall, 

King of Ailech, 239, 241, 243, 246, n. . 
Ua Neill, Aedh, King of Ailech, 259, 269, 

Ua Neill, Domhnall. See Domhnall, son 

of Muircertach. 
Ua Neill, Flaithbhertach, King of Ailech, 

265, 269, 273. See O'Neill. 
Ua Niallain (O'Neylan), Ailill, tanist- 

Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 303., 



Ua Ogain (O'Hogan), Ceunfaeladh, comarb 

of Brenainn, 301. 

Ua Ogain, the son of Congalach, 299. 
Ua Raduibh (O'Rodiv), Amhlaibh, slain, 


Uargaeth, of Sliabh Fuaid, 245. 
Ua Riagain (O'Regan), Mathghamhain, 

King of the South of Bregh, 267. 
Ua Riain (O'Ryan), Tadhg, King of Ui- 

Drona, 257. 

Ua Riata, King of Aradh, 329. 
Ua Ruadhain (O'Rowan), Cinaeth, tanist- 

Abbot of Cluain-muc-Nois, dies, 295. 
Ua Ruadhain, Flannchadh, comarb of 

Ciaran of Cluain-muc-Nois, 24 1 . 
Ua Ruairc (O'Rourke), Aedh, King of 

Breifne, slain, 255. 
Ua Ruairc, Aedh, King of Breifne, 285, 

Ua Ruairc, Aedh, King of Conmaicne, 

slain, 297. 

Ua Ruairc, Aedh, son of Art, 289. 
Ua Ruairc, Aedh, i.e. "the Gilla-sron- 

mael,"313, 317, 323. 
Ua Ruairc, Art, King of Connacht, 259, 

269, 271, 273, 277. 
Ua Ruairc, Domhnall, King of Connacht, 

slain, 307. 
Ua Ruairc, Domhnall, son of Donnchadh, 

slain, 311. 
Ua Ruairc, the son of Domhnall, King of 

Ui-Briuin, 295. 

Ua Ruairc, Donnchadh, slain, 295. 
Ua Ruairc, Donnchadh, 298, note J . 
Ua Ruairc, Donnchadh, King of Con- 
maicne, slain, 307. 
Ua Ruairc, Donnchadh Derg, King of the 

East of Connacht, slain, 273. 
Ua Ruairc, Fergal, King of Connacht, 

215, 217. 

Ua Ruairc, Gillabraide, drowned, 325. 
Ua Ruairc, Gillabraide, King of Breifne, 


Ua Ruairc, Niall, slain, 277. 
Ua Ruairc, Tighernan, King of Breifne, 

325, 331, 345, 347. 

Ua Ruanadha, Ceallach, a poet, dies, 293. 
Ural Mountains. See Sliabh Rife. 

Ur-Mumhain (Ormond), 327. See Ir- 


Ua Siriden (O'Sheridan), the son of Go- 
fraigh, slain, 297. 

Ua Suairligh, the Bishop, dies, 267. 

Uathmaran, the son of, 207. 

Uathmaran, Kingof Ui-Failghe, slain, 177. 

Uathmaran, King of Luighne of Con- 
nacht, dies, 193. 

Uathmaran, King of Ui - Fiachrach - 
Aidhne, dies, 165. 

Ua Tuathail (O'Toole), Ugaire, slain, 335. 

Ua Uchtain, Maelmuire, comarb of Colum 
Cille, dies, 273. 

Ugaire, son of Ailill, King of Laighen, 
slain, 189, 

Ugaire, son of Dunking, King of Laighen, 

Ugaire, son of Tuathal, King of Laighen, 

Ui-mBairche (a territ. anciently compris- 
ing the present barony of Slievemarague, 
Queen's co., and a part of the co. Car- 
low), 31, 275. 

Ui-Becon (a tribe anciently seated in 
Meath), 233. 

Ui-Breasail (a sept seated in the present 
bar. of Oneilland East, co. Armagh), 
175, 187. 

Ui-mBriuin Ai (a tribe descended from 
Brian, brother of Niall of the Nine 
Hostages, and seated in Magh Ai, co. 
Roscommon), 101, 235. 

Ui-Briuin -Breifne (the co. Leitrim), 
bishop of, 347 ; kings of, 147, 295, 311. 

Ui-Briuin-Cualann (a territ. comprising 
part of the present counties of Dublin 

Ui-Briuin-na-Sinna (co. Roscommon), 

Donn Ua Mannachan, King of, 343. 
Ui-Briuin- Seola (a tribe seated in the bar. 
of Clare, co. Galway), 93, 129: kings 
of, 131, 271. 
Ui-Caissin (the tribe name of the Mac 

Namaras of Clare), 259. 
Ui-Canannain (O'Canannan), 269. 
Ui Cennsealaigh (Hy-Kinsela, now Wex- 



ford co.), kings of, 31, 89, 131, 159, 163, 
165, 173, 175, 179, 201, 207, 223, 225, 
229, 237, 245, 263, 269, 323 ; plundered, 
255; the men of, defeated, 223. See 
Laighen Desgabhair. 

Ui-Cernaigh, Maelfinnen, chief of, slain, 

Ui-Conaill-Gabhra (Connello, co. Lime- 
rick), plundered, 327 ; King of, 267. 
See Tir Conaill. 

Ui Conaing, 85. 

Ui Cormaic of Maenmagh, (a tribe an- 
ciently seated in the now co. of Galway, 
near Loughrea), 1 51 . 

Ui-Cormaic of Ui-Echach (a tribe an- 
ciently settled in the district around 
Newry, co. Down), 201. 

Ui Crimthainn (a territ. included in the 
present bar. of Slane, co. Meath), 
Cumuscach, King of, slain, 95 ; Fergus, 
chief of, 189. 

Ui Cuirrbuidhe. See Ui Fothaidh. 

Ui-Diarmada (or descendants of Diarmaid; 
the tribe name of the O'Concannons, of 
Corcamoe, co. Galway), kings of, 221, 
233, 273, 303, 311, 321. 

Ui-Drona (Idrone, co. Carlow), Tadhg 
Ua Kiain, King of, 257. 

Ui-Echach- Arda (i.e. Nepotes Eochodii of 
Ardes, co. Down), 51. 

Ui-Echach- Uladh (a tribe anciently settled 
in the present bar. of Iveagh, co. Down), 
descent of, 51 ; kings of, 147, 229, 241. 

Ui-Echach of Munster (the country of 
the O'Mahonys, in the a. of the bar. of 
Carbury, co. Cork), kings of, 223, 225. 

Ui-Enechlais, or Ui-Fenechlais (in the 
present bar. of Arklow, co. Wicklow), 
189, 309. 

Ui-Failghe (Offaly, in Leinster), kings of, 
69, 93, 177, 193, 203, 208, 225, 243, n. *, 
255, 259, 279, 329. 

Ui-Fenechlais. See Ui-Enechlais. 

Ui-Fiachrach (now the bar. of Tireragh, 

co. Sligo), Int. xl. ; battle of, 47 ; Ca- 

thal, son of Oilill, King of, 129. 

Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne (i.e. the race of 

Fiachra, brother of Niall of the Nine 

Hostages, inhabiting the territ. of 
Aidhne (pron. "Ani"), co-extensive 
with the diocese of Kilmacduagh, co. 
Galway), Int. xl. 95; kings of, 47, J65, 
225, 265, 277, 305, 323, 327, 345. 

Ui-Fiachrach of Ardsratha (a district in 
the now co. of Tyrone, along the river 

Ui-Fiachrach- Muirisge (in the co. of 
Sligo), Maelruanaidh Ua Dubhda, King 
of, 243. 

Ui Fidhgheinte (a territ. in the co. Lime- 
rick, formerly comprising a large dis- 
trict round the town of Groom), 101 ; 
kings of, 91, 113, 141, 223. 

Ui-Fogharta (or Eile-Ui-Fhogartaigh,now 
Eliogarty, co. Tipperary), 285. See 

Ui Forga (a tribe anciently seated at 
Ardcroney, near Nenagh, co. Tipper- 
ary), 133, 333; Domhnall, King of, 

Ui Fothaidh (a tribe anciently settled in 
the barony of Iffa and Offa West, co. 
Tipperary), 175. 

Ui Gabhla, a territory in the s. of the co. 
Kildare, 35. See Gabhla. 

Uige, a Milesian king, dies, 13. 

Ui Laeghaire (i.e. the descendants of 
Laeghaire, King of Ireland, who were 
seated in the present baronies of Upper 
and Lower Navan, co. Meath), death of 
Ailill, King of, 87. 

Ui Liathain (an ancient territ. nearly co- 
extensive with the present barony of 
Barry more, co. Cork), Tolomnach,King 
of, 91 ; the son of Eaghnall, slain by the 
men of, 255. 

Ui-Maighteachain, of Farbil, co. West- 
meath, 261. 

Ui-Maine (Hy Many, the tribe and territ. 
of the O'Kellys, situated partly in the 
cos. of Galway and Koscommon), 47, 
169; kings of, 67, 81, 93, 111, 119, 131, 
133, 147, 185, 231, 251, 269, 291, 335, 
337, 343 ; chief of, 221 ; royal heir of, 
261 ; defeated, 337, 345; plunder Clon- 
fert, 275 ; plunder Clonmacnois, 287. 



Ui Maine Mic Neill (i.e. the descendants 
of Maine, son of Niall of the Nine Hos- 
tages, who were settled in West Meath), 
Aedh Buidhe, King of, 69. 

Ui Meith (in Oriel), Ua Indreachtaigh, 
King of, 331. 

Ui Meith (or Ui-Meith Macha, a tribe 
seated in the present bar. and co. of 
Monaghan), defeated in battle by Fer- 
gal, 117. SeeOmeith. 

Ui-Mic-Uais, the old name of a district in 
the now co. of Londonderry, on the w. 
side of the River Bann, inhabited by 
the descendants of Colla Uais, 5. 

Ui-mic-Uais of Midhe (now the bar. of 
Moygoish, co. Westmeath), 209, 211; 
Furadran, King of, 89. 

Ui Muiredhaigh (the tribe name of the 
OTooles, who were seated in the s. of 
the co. Kildare), Murchadh Ua Lor- 
cain, King of, 309. 

Ui Neill (Northern), i.e. the descendants 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages, seated 
in the North of Ireland, 55. 

Ui Neill (Southern), the descendants of 
Niall, settled in Meath, defeated, 35, 
41, 161, 219; victorious, 71, 141; in- 
vaded, 171 ; attacked by Cormac, son 
of Cuilennan, 181 ; plundered, 121, 
143 ; rescued from Danish oppression, 
227 ; kings of, 77, 123. 

Ui-Niallain (baronies of Oneilland, co. 
Armagh), Loingsech, chieftain of, 229. 

Uisnech (Usney hill, co. Westmeath), the 
synod of, 315. 

Ui Tuirtre (a tribe and territ. situated in 
the present baronies of Upper and 
Lower Toome, co. Antrim, 101 ; Con- 
chobhar Ua Domhnaill, King of, 257. 

Uladh (i.e. that part of Ulster com- 
prising the present counties of Down 
and Antrim), kings of, 51, 57, 61, 85, 
89, 103, 117, 135, 143, 151, 155, 159, 
169, 171, 173, 175, 177, 191, 201, 205, 
209, 219, 221, 227, 241, 245, 257,287, 
291, 295, 301, 307, 311, 317,323, 327, 
331; half-kings of, 153, 163, 169, 175; 
the hostages of, taken, 243, 247, 257 ; 

plundered, 347. See Ulidia, Ulidians, 
and Ultonians. 

Ulcha Derg Ua Caillaidhe, slays Cennfae- 
ladh. KingofConnacht, 107. 

Ulidia (Uladh), the army of, struck by 
lightning, 73 ; preyed by Aedh Finn- 
liath, 153. See Uladh. 

Ulidians (the people of Uladh), attempt 
to establish themselves in Emhain, 61 ; 
defeated, 159, 241 ; Flaithbhertach, 
King of Ailech, slain by, 215; the hos- 
tages of. taken by Brian, 245. See 

Ulltan, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, dies, 99. 

Ulltan, King of Ciannachta, slain, 97. 

Ultan, son of Dicuill, slain, 107. 

Ultan Mac Ui Conchobhair, Abbot of 
Ard-Brecain, death of, 95 ; Maelfin- 
nian, comarb of, 219. 

Ultonians, or Ulidians, defeated, 135, 
175, 331 ; defeat the Foreigners, 127, 
133, 197; battles fought by, 115, 169, 
221; plunder Ard-Macha, 255; con- 
tention at Ard-Macha, between the 
Cinel Eoghain and, 173 ; dispersed by 
famine, 277; invade Munster, 317. 
See Ulidians. 

Umhall (the Owles, co. Mayo), the Gen- 
tiles slaughtered by the men of, 127 ; 
the men of, slaughtered by Gentiles, 
129 ; kings of, 129, 149, 303. 

Vartry, river. See Inbher Dea. 
Vigilius, Pope, 51. 
Vision of St. Fursa, 81. 
Vitalian, Pope, 93. 

Ware, Sir James, cited, Int. xxii., xxiv. 
Waterford Harbour. See Loch-Dacaech. 
Wheat, a shower of, 261. 
West of Midhe. See Midhe, West of. 
West Midhe (Westmeath),