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liuxxh Bells of Suffolk 

J.J. RAVEN. D. D. 






Wl}t Cljmlj §tlk 0f c^Mfalk. 


No. Super Royal Octavo. 


C|iirrli IpIIs nf Inffnlft 




0/ Eintnanuel College, Catnbridge : 
Vicar of Fressingfield with-Withersdale ; and Honorary Cation of 
Norwich Ca th ea rat ; 
President of the Not-d)ich Diocesan Association of Ringers ; 

Author of "Church Bells of Cambridgeshire," Etc, Etc. 


1 890. 








f orb gtsljop of iortokl^. 



As this, the latest contribution to English Campanology, is in one 
sense the earliest, a few words seem necessary to explain the history 
of a book which has been forty-two years in hand, and to account for 
its mipertections. 

In the days of my boyhood at Mildenhall, where my father was 
curate, I took great delight in the sound of the bells, and raised a 
five-pound note for the repair of the gear of the fine old tenor. The 
bell-hanger, one Flanders Green, an enthusiastic ringer, asked me to 
read for him two of the inscriptions, of which I made a transcript in a 
copy-book on August 28th, 1848, and proceeded to the investigation 
of other bells in the neighbourhood. In the course of two years I had 
made a considerable collection from Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, 
and South Lincolnshire. Wherever I went I carried on the work ; 
but undergraduate life and residence in Dorset and Kent prevented 
the county of Suffolk receiving very much attention till my college 
presented me to the Mastership of Bungay Grammar School in 1859, 
when I attacked at once the north-east of the county. During these 
eleven years I had become acquainted with Messrs. Ellacombe, Tyssen, 
Sperling, Lukis, and L'Estrange; and our comparison of discoveries 
was throwing much light on the history and interpretation of bell- 
marks. I was enabled to finish and publish the Church Bells of 
Cambridgeshire, after my removal to Yarmouth in 1866, and by the 
kindness of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society to put forth a second 


and improved edition in 1885. Other counties seemed to pass by me 
at a gallop while poor Suffolk was slowly hobbling on. Mr. Tyssen's 
Sussex, Mr. Ellacombe's Devon, and Mr. L'Estrange's Norfolk were 
things of the far past. Mr. Ellacombe added Somerset and Gloucester, 
Mr. Dunkin Cornwall, Mr. North swept clear the wide area embraced 
by Leicester, Northampton, Rutland, Lincoln, and Bedford, leaving at 
his lamented death Hertford to be completed by Mr. Stahlschmidt, 
who by himself gave us Surrey and Kent, and, in his turn summoned 
to rest, has placed Essex within the reach of a third hand. 

When my college presented me to the Vicarage of Fressingfield in 
1885, the end of my labours seemed not far distant; but it receded, 
and had it not been for the energy of my good friends in other corners 
of the County, I should have made but little progress. 

Mr. Sperling's collection, chiefly from North-west Suffolk, communi- 
cated to the East Anglian some thirty years ago, has supplied the 
inscriptions from many towers ; and his letters to me about the same 
time added many useful notes. Messrs. J. L. Biddell, Herbert W. 
Birch, Charles Candler, E. M. Dewing, R. S. Dewing, C. H. Hawkins, 
W. C. Pearson, Percy Scott, Shaw, E. J. Wells, Freeman Wright, F. 
D. Young, and many others among the clergy and laity have been 
helpers in various parts of the county; among whom the name of Cecil 
Deedes, late Rector of Wickham S. Paul's, Essex, demands especial 
mention. To him we are indebted for the bulk of the south-west 
corner of our county. 

Mr. Amherst D. Tyssen has kindly allowed me the use of the wood 
blocks cut for his lamented father ; and a like favour has been granted 
to me by the representatives of our departed friends, North and 
Stahlschmidt. The Cambridge Antiquarian Society, too, has per- 
mitted me to illustrate the Bury lettering, and other marks, with the 
cuts made for my Church Bells of Cambridgeshire. 

To Messrs. Wertheimer I am greatly obliged for the cut of the 
effigy of Robert Brasyer, fig. 53. 


Mr. Tyssen has supplied the translation of the Year Book record of 
the great bell Lawsuit, on pp. 40, etc. 

The music of Requiem Etcrnain has been sent to me by the courtesy 
of Mr. W. J. Birkbeck. 

The weights and notes of the bells are to be regarded only as 
approximations, in many cases. The former are generally determined 
by tradition, with a tendency to magnification. The latter vary with 
notions of pitch, and the actual note is frequently between two received 
semitones. When I began my work I had no ambition beyond a 
registration of inscriptions, and took little account of anything else. 

During the period that the work has been preparing for the press 
many changes have come about through recasting. Some of these 
have not been noticed ; and in other instances, additions to rings have 
swelled up the list of errata. 

The lists of bells cast by the various founders are not exhaustive ; 
and at the last moment information keeps coming in. I may take 
occasion in the East Anglian to give additional short notes from time 
to time ; and perhaps to write at greater length in the Journal of the 
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History. 

Had not the work possessed for me special attractions, it could not 
have come forth in any form. As it now stands before me I recognize, 
more fully perhaps than any one else, its errors and shortcomings. I 
ask the indulgent judgment of those of my subscribers who have not 
undergone a labour of the kind. From my fellow-labourers I expect 
it. Those who know what the toil is will say that, with all its faults, 
it is better that this contribution to the Campanology of England 
should have come forth than that the heap of material collected should 
remain without an attempt to reduce it to order. 


Fressingfidd Vicarage, Harleston, 
August 28M, 1S90. 




Introduction — The origin of large bells probably Oriental — 
General absence of bells of the Saxon and Norman periods — 
Mediaeval instructions for bell-founding- — Walter of Odyngton's 
—Those appended to the treatise of Gerbertus Scholasticus on 
Music — Castings from wax models very rare — Existing Ante- 
Conquestal towers — Scanty notices of the Norman and Early 
English periods — iV solitary bell from the Lynn foundry c. 
1300, in Suffolk— Early Aldgate founders, from Robert Rider 
to Henry Derby, and their works in Suffolk ... ... i — i: 


Transition from Longobardic to black-letter — "William 
ffoundor," shown to be William Dawe — His Suffolk bells — His 
gun-founding for Dover Castle in 1385 — His will — John Dan- 
yell's bells — Richard Hille's — Henry Jordan, Fishmonger and 
Founder — His works at King's College, Cambridge, and at 
East Bergholt — His will — Bequest remaining to this day — 
His obit — His son, Dan Henry ... ... ... 13 — 3: 


Two bells probably by Thomas Bullisdon — The "moon and 
stars " shield — Two bells by William Culverden — His rebus — 
History of the use of the word Emmanuel — Culverden's rebus 
interpreted — His will — Westminster Schools-Boston Merchant 
Guild — The Norwich Foundry — A nameless group — Fressing- 
field tenor — The Brasyers — A Mediaeval Law-suit — Richard 
Brasyer in the Court of Common Pleas — Ingenious argument of 
Serjeant Genney — -The large group of the Brasyers' bells — The 
Burlingham group ... ... ... ... ■•• ZZ — 6^ 


Suffolk founders — BuryS. Edmund's — A joke on S. Barbara's 
name — H. S. — The Chirches — Reginald Chirche at Bishop's 
Stortford — His will — Redenhall tenor the greatest remaining 
work from Bury— Thomas Chirche — Roger Reve — The Seventh 
at All Saints', Sudbury — Gun-founding at Bury — Waifs — A 
Venlo bell at Whitton — A Mechlin bell at Bromeswell — Some 
account of the Mechlin foundry — Gregory Pascal of Capel — • 
The Tonne family — Sproughton tenor ... ... ... 64 — 8c 




Sance and Sacring bells — Funeral uses — Angelus bell — 
Curfew — Chime-barrels — Jack o' th' Clock ... ... 8i — 89. 


The Reformation — Number of Church bells then in Suffolk 
Spoliation — Restoration — Stephen Tonni of Bury, and his man 
William Land — Their work at Long Melford — Death of Julian 
Tonney the weaver — Bury foundry goes to Thetford — Founders 
dining at Wattisfield — Thomas Draper, ALayor of Thetford — - 
The Brends of Norwich — -Dier's bell at Clare — Topsel's at 
Cratfield — Richard Bowler — The Thorington bell and a remi- 
niscence of Rett's rebellion — Aldgate gun-founding again 90 — 107. 


John Clarke, an itinerant, in Suffolk — Joseph Carter — Peter 
Hawkes — The Bury founders in the days of the Stuarts — John 
Draper of Thetford — The later Brends of Norwich— " Col- 
chester Graye " and his works, including the Lavenham tenor 
— The siege of Colchester — Miles Graye's foundry burnt — The 
Puritan regime — Bunyan — Milton — Compulsory ringing — John 
Darbie of Ipswich ... ... ... ... 108 — 125. 


Dick Whittington— Call changes— Early peals— The "Twenty 
all over," or "Christmas Eve" — 7,360 Oxford Treble Bob at 
Bungay, in i860 ... ... ... ... 126 — 130. 


Later bells — Robard Gurney of Bury — Christopher Hodson 
of S. Mary Cray — Miles Graye the younger — A solitary bell of 
Christopher Graye's at Thrandeston — His difficulties in Cam- 
bridgeshire — Is succeeded by Charles Newman, and the 
foundry taken to Lynn — Thomas Newman at Bracondale and 
Bury — John Stephens — Sudbury and its founders — Henry 
Pleasant — Thomas Gardiner — His critic at Edwardstone — 
John Goldsmith of Redgrave — Ransomes and Sims — London 
founders^Newton and Peele — Catlin — The Whitechapel men 
— Phelps and his record of Dr. Sacheverell at Charsfield — His 
eight at Bury S. Mary's — Lester — Pack — A failure at Heccles 
— Chapman — The Mears family — Benefactions of the Suffolk 
nobility and others — The Warners of Cripplegate — A ship's 
bell from Stockholm at Lavenheath — John Briant of Exning 
— The St. Neot's men and their successors — Joseph Eayre — 
Arnold — The Taylors of Loughborough — Osborn and Dobson 
of Downham Market — Birmingham founders — Blews at Lowe- 
stoft — Carr at Newbourne — The Redenhall foundry — Recom- 
mendation to Southwold — Jubilee bells at Mildenhall— 
Conclusion ... ... ... ... ... 131 — 155. 

Inscriptions ... ... ... ... 156^259. 






Lettering and Cross used by Richard Wymbish on Bell 

at Great Bradley ... ... ... Opposite p. lo 


Cross and Capitals on Bell at Sudbury S. Peter 

London Marks 

Norwich Lettering 

Lettering, Cross, and Stop of the Burlingham Type 

The Flight into Egypt, The Annunciation, and a 

Piece of Border from a Mechlin Bell at 

(z) Trefoil from Whitton. (b) The Presentation 

in the Temple, from a Mechlin Bell at 

Bromeswell. Border and Medallion of S. 

Michael and the Dragon, from a Mechlin 

Bell at Bromeswell 
" Requiem .Eternam " 






1. Cross of John Godynge of Lynn, from Worlington 

2. Early London Cross, from Barnardiston 

3. Stop, from Barnardiston 

4. Capital A, from Barnardiston 

5. Capital G „ 

6. Head of King Edward III., from Ampton 

7. Initial Cross, from Ampton 

8. The larger Laver Shield 
Q. The smaller Laver Shield ... 





Figure Page 

10. Seal of Sandre de Gloucetre, with laver ... ... 14 

11. The Trefoils Shield ... ... ... ... 15 

12. Larger Initial Cross, in Octagon, used by William Dawe 

and others ... ... ... ... ... 15 

13. Smaller ditto, ditto ... ... ... ... 16 

14. 15. Smaller Crosses in Lozenges, used by William Dawe 

and others ... ... ... ... ... 16 

16. Rebus of William Dawe ... ... ... ... 16 

17. Medallion from Clare ... ... ... ... 17 

18. Octagon with six fleur-de-lys ... ... ... 18 

19. Arms of France and England, crowned ... ... 21 

20. • ,, „ J, uncrowned ... ... 21 

21. Mark, of a somewhat French type, used by London Founders 2 1 

22. tJ)u . mcrd . laDt . [)clp ... ... ... ... 22 

23. Cross and ring shield ... ... ... ... 23 

24. Cross on Bell formerly at Wangford S. Denis ... ... 23 

25,26. Henry Jordan's Shields ... ... ... 24 

27. Clochard formerly at King's College, Cambridge ... 27 

28. ,, at East Bergholt ... ... ... 28 

29. Shield of T. B., from Kesgrave and Iken ... ... ■t^'^ 

30. Cross sometimes used by T. B. ... ... ... 34 

31. Moon and Stars Shield ... ... ... ... 35 

32 — 35. Emblems of the Evangelists, from Bradfield Com- 
bust and Saxmundham ... ... 35, 36 

36,37. Crosses sometimes found with them ... ... 36 

(38 — 44. London Marks, on Plate IIL) 

45. Culverden's Rebus, from Stratford S. Mary and Ubbeston 37 

46. Pot of Thomas Potter of Norwich, from Market Weston 42 

47. Cross from Cratfield Clock-bell, in the early part of the 

fifteenth century ... ... ... ... 42 

48. The earlier Norwich Lion's Head ... ... ... 42 

49. Fine Initial Cross, Norwich, from Fressingfield ... 43 

50. Brasyer's larger Ermine Shield ,, ... ... 44 

51- ,, Sprigged Shield „ ... •••44 

52. ,, smaller Ermine Shield „ ... ... 44 

53. Effigy of Robert Brasyer, from S. Stephen's, Norwich ... 45 
(54—60. The letters D, H, A, L, C, M, and N, used by the 

Brasyers, on Plate IV.) 


Figure ra^e 

6i. Brasyer's Later Initial Cross ... ... ... 46 

62. ,, „ Lion's Head ... ... ... 46 

63. Shield used in Kent, with letters of the Burlingham type, 

see Plate V. ... ... ... ... 61 

64. Shield of Abbot of St. Edmundsbury ... ... 62 

65. Larger Bury Shield, with Cannon ... ... ... 64 

66. Smaller „ „ ... ... ... 64 

67. Cross used at the Bury Foundry, about two-thirds real size 65 

68. Stop „ „ „ „ 65 
69 — 71, Bury Lettering ... ... ... 65,66 

72. Venlo Trefoil, from Whitton ... ... ... 74 

73. Large Cross of John Tonne, from Stanstead ... 
74 — 76. Stops ,, ,, 

77. Small Cross ,, from Stoke-by-Clare 

78. Sance-bell on Hawstead Rood-screen, from the east 

79. Sance-bell Cot, from Fressingfield 

80. Jack o' th' Clock, from Southwold ... 



81. Stephen Ton ni's Crown and Arnigi used at Bury, in the) 

82. ,, Fleur-de-lys ] reign of Q.. Elizabeth > 

83. Clipped Crown and Arrows, probably used at Thetford 98 

84. Fleur-de-lys, probably used at Thetford ... . ... 99 

85. Thomas Draper's Fleur-de-lys, from Ashbocking ... 100 

86. Arms of Norwich City, used by William Brend ... 115 

87. A Mark used by Miles Graye, sen., of Colchester, from 

Stradbroke ... ... ... ... ...116 

88. Mark of James Bartlett of London, from Somerleyton 147 

89. Old London Initial Cross, from Hadleigh ... ... 197 

90. Laxfield Tower ... ... ... ... ...213 

91. Cross from All Saints, Sudbury ... ... ... 240 


Read on page 24, last line but one, "third " for " treble." 
,, ,, 39, line II, "Noah's" for "Noah." 

,, ,, 54, ,, 2, "second " for "fjurlh." 

,, ,, 54, ,, 1 1, " Earl" for " East." 

,, ,, $6, last line but one, "second" for "tenor." 

,, ,, 57, line 25, omit " Eye second." 

,, ., 64, ,, 5, " Bromeswell " for " Bromenville. " 

,, ,, 69, ,, 9, " treble " for "third." 

,, „ 78, ,, 12, " possibly " for "probably." 

., ,, 86, ,, 10, add "and third " to " second." 

,, >. 109, ,, 23, " tenor " for "second." 

,, ,,109, ,, 31, "fifth" for "tenor." 

,, ,, III, ,, 26, " second " for " treble." 

,, ,,112, ,, 2, "Little" for "Great." 

,, ,, 1X2, four lines from bottom, "third" for "second." 

,, ,, 113, line 35, " Marlesford " for " Marlingford." 

,, M 114. )> 4, "third " for "treble." 

,, ,, 114, ,, 17, IlketsJmll S. Andrew should be under 1623. 

,, ,, 114, four lines from bottom, "second" for "fourth." 

,, ,, 117, last line but one, "second" for "third." 

,, ,, 119, line 6, " Barham " for " Parham. " 

„ ,, 123, eight lines from bottom, Ipswich, S. Mary-at-EIms, should be 

under 1660. 
,, ,, 124, -line 2, omit "second." 

,,124, ,, 4, "seventh" f>r "fifth." 
., M 124, ,, 22, "second " for "treble." 

,, ,, 124, ,, 25, "treble" for "second," "tenor" for "fourth." 

,, ,> 125, ,, 12, "tenor" for "fifih." 

,, ,,1^3. ,, 22, "fourth" for " third." 

,, ,, 134, ,, ir, "first, fourth, and fifth" for "first three." 

,, ,.138, ,, I, "treble" for " tenor." 

>» >> I39> >> 25, " Hawkedon" for " Hawkendon." 

,, ». 139. ,, 3 (, "third" for "fourth." 

,, ,, 140, ,, 23, Westhorpe under 1702. 

,, 5,140, ,, 33, "Earl" for " East." 

,, ,,141, ,, 12, "Mr." for "Dr." 

,, ,, 143, ,, 27, Mickfield under 1716. 

,, 5,144, ,, 7, " treble and second ' for "third and fourth." 

,, ,, 144, ,, 17, "second" for " bell. ' 

>' 5> 14S, », 8, "treble, second, and third " for "fourth." 

,, ,, 145, ,, 15, " tenor" for "second." 

,, ,, 146, after line 2, add Syleham second, Margaret. 

,, ,, 148, line 9, Bruisyard under 1732. 

,, ,, 148, ,, II, Little Stonham under 1729. 

,, ,, 148, ,, 20, the Helmingham bell went to Henley. 

,, J, I5I> II 7, omit "Norton and." 

,, .1 15I1 ,1 8, "work" for "works." 

,, ,, 166, ,, 8, " Grey se ' for " Greyfe." 

,,179, ,, CORN ARO, LITTLE, 4 "1591 "for "1597." 

„ 183, DENNINGTON, i, "66" for "52." 

„ 189, EYKE, 3, "65 "for "55." 

„ 205, ICKLINGHAM ALL SAINTS, i, "51 "for "8." 

„ 222, OFFTON, "2, 5 "for "2, 4." 

„ 225, PETISTREE, 6, "50" for "8." 

I^'g- 34j on p. 36, is on its side. 

^^t Cljmlj i^IIs of ^nMk 


Introduction — The origin of large bells probably Oriental— General ab- 
sence of bells of the Saxon and Norman periods — Mediaeval instructions for 
bell-founding — Walter of Odyngton's — Those appended to the treatise of 
Gerbertus Scholasticus on Music — Castings from wax models very rare — 
Existing Ante-Conquestal towers — Scanty notices of the Norman and Early 
English periods — A solitary bell from the Lynn foundry c. 1300, in Suffolk — 
Early Aldgate founders, from Robert Rider to Henry Derby, and their works 
in Suffolk. 

The sweet voices of our Church Bells contribute to our lives 
a certain inexpressible charm, yet few realize the fact that bells 
have a history. They will be found to be no exception to the 
general rule that on whatever n:iatter man has worked, traces 
will be sure to remain of the times, places, and methods of 
workmanship. Such traces often have an important bearing on 
the general history of a people, and record names of individuals 
gone long ago, and events of local, or even of national impor- 
tance ; so that a history of the Church Bells of any County 
might be expanded without difficulty into a County history. 
In dealing with those of Suffolk, it will be my endeavour to 
keep Campanology and Topography abreast of each other, as 
far as possible. Yet, first of all, a few words must be said about 
the origin of the kind of bell which we now use, as distinguished 
from those of more remote days, whether Etruscan, Roman, 
Greek, Keltic, or any other. 



There can be little doubt that the idea of casting bells of the 
size whicli now hang in our towers came from the East, and 
possibly reached England about the sixth century. The absence 
of any traces of such things in the Roman period precludes a 
much earlier date. The Roman ess thermaritm, which sounded 
to announce the hour for admission to the public baths, seems 
to have been of a smaller size, and fabricated rather than cast. 
And the mention of large bells during the Saxon period* leads 
us to infer that the date of their introduction is not much later 
than that which I have ventured to assign to it. But there are 
no bells which may be reasonably supposed to be of this high 

We may be sure that such bells existed. The regulation by 
which the estate of a Thane was reached, necessitated the erec- 
tion of a bell-tower ;-f- and it could not have remained inopera- 
tive in a well-settled district. 

It may be remarked in passing from this period, that at the 
venerable " Old Minster," in the Rural Deanery of Southelm- 
ham, assigned by tradition to S. Felix the Burgundian, there 
are no signs of a tower, that there was once a round church at 
Bury S. Edmund's, the foundations of which were discovered in 
1274, J that the church of Flixton S. Mary had a Saxon tower, 
pulled down within the memory of man, and that the round 
towers of Southelmham All Saints, Bungay Holy Trinity, and 
others, which were apparently adapted for the reception of a 
bell or bells, are Ante-Conquestal in their character. 

The wildness of note in early bells led to free use of the hard 
chisel and file, always fatal to quality of tone, and sometimes 
even to existence. This may help to account for the absence of 
any which may be safely ascribed to the Saxon and Norman 

Such a specimen as that at Wordwell may possibly be the 

* E. g. The direction in Wulfred's Canons (a.d. 816) for the sounding of the 
Signum in every church upon the death of a Bishop. See Johnson's English Canons, 
part I., p. 306, 

t Churton's Early English Church, p. 230. 

t Chronicle of John of Oxenedes (Rolls Series), p. 2^6. 


original bell of the little Norman church, and scattered up and 
down the county are a few of narrow make and sloping crown, 
which seem old, but may have come from a local hand later on. 

The county of Suffolk is sparsely supplied with specimens of 
Norman work, mostly doorways, but at Bury S. Edmund's is a 
grand tower, built in 1095, as a gateway to the Abbey, and 
admirably adapted for a campanile, though according to Mr. 
Gage Rokewode, it did not serve that purpose till 1630. 

One of the towers of the Abbey fell in 12 10, and another, 
certainly a campanile, in 1430. In one of the two, we may 
suppose hung some of those bells of which Jocelin de Brakelond 
tells us as greeting the newly-appointed Abbot, Sampson de 
Tottington,* which also were among the Suffolk bells, which 
rang without human help, at the great earthquake in Ely, 
Norfolk and Suffolk, on the six and twentieth day of January, 
in the eleventh year of King Henry II. f 

The earliest instructions for making bells, known to me, are 
found in a treatise by Walter of Odyngton, a monk of Evesham, 
in the time of Henry lll.l 

This manuscript, which through Archbishop Parker's care 
escaped the destruction attending on the Dissolution of the 
Monasteries, is No. 410 in his collection at Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge. Mr. Lewis considers the copy to have 
been made in the tiTteenth century. The chapter on bells, 
headed in red ink, De symhalis faciejidis, contains only eleven 
lines of text, and is to the following effect (recto of f 17) : 

"Ad simbola facienda tota vis et difficultas extat in appensione certe ex 
qua formantur et primo sciendi quod quanto densius est tintinnabulum tanto 
acutius sonat tenuius vero gravius. Unam appensam cerani quantamlibet 
ex qua formandum primum cimbaluni divides in octo partes et octavam 
partem addes tant^e certe sicut integra fuit, et fiet tibi cera secundi simbali. 
Et cetera facies ad eundem modum a gravioribus inchoando. Sed cave ne 

* " Sonantibus campanis in choro et extra." Cron. Joe. de Brakelonda, p. 18. 

t " Eodenique anno terrsemotus factus est septimo Kalendas Februarii in Ely et 
Nortfolc et Sufoc, ila quod stantes prostravit, et campanas pulsavit." — Matth. Paris, 
Chronica Majora, A.D. 1 165. 

* Si(mmi4S fratris ll'a'/eri 7nonachi Eveskamie t?i!tsici de specidatione musica. 


forma interior argilla; cui aptanda est cera alio mutetur, ne etiam aliquid de 
cera appensa addat ad spiramina, proinde et ut quinta vel sexta pars 
metalli sit stannum purificatum a plumbo, reliquum de cupro similiter mun- 
dato propter sonoritatem. Si autem in aliquo defeceris, cum cote vel lima 
potest rectificari." 

He begins by saying that for making bells, the whole difficulty 
consists in estimating the models from which they are formed, 
and first in understanding that the thicker a bell is, the higher 
is its note, and the reverse. From the use of the word " cera " 
for a model, some might be inclined to infer that the bells of 
that time were cast in moulds formed by wax models, but no 
such instances are known to exist in England. When a bell is 
to be made, a core or central block is first formed, to which is 
fitted a model, or "thickness" of the bell that is to be. Outside 
the model comes the cope. These models seem to have been 
made at one time from wax. When complete, the outer earth, 
forming a cope, was rammed tightly round them. A fire was 
lighted, and the melted wax allowed to escape, the cavity being 
afterwards filled by the metal from the furnace. There was an 
easy way of ornamenting the outer earth, or cope, by laying on 
the model extra strips of wax in the form of letters, &c., which 
would leave their impression on the cope. We have lighted on 
no instances of this kind in England, nor does there seem any 
probability of such a discovery. Mr. Lynam, in his CJiurch 
Bells of Staffordshire (plates 3a and 3b), gives an interesting 
and well-executed drawing of what appears to be an inscription 
thus formed, from a bell at Fontenailles in Normandy, dated 
121 1, but he tells us nothing more about it. He also mentions 
similar lettering at Moissac, with the date 1273, recorded by 
Viollet le Due. Our earliest inscriptions are set in separate 
letters, each in its own patera ; and this would be impracticable, 
save by stamping the cope itself. In castings from wax models 
the cope is inaccessible. Hence we conclude that loam models 
were used in England while these instructions remained in the 

Walter of Odyngton then proceeds to expound the estimation 
of the wax models of a rinsf of bells. 


Starting with any givejt *^ model" for the first bell, yo7i take 
nine-eighths of it as a " model" for the second bell, and so on. If 
yon start from the heavier bells and work on to the lighter ones, 
yon must use a like metJiod, i.e., let each " model " be eight-ninths 
of the previous one. But take care lest the core to zvhich the 
"•^ model" is to be fitted be changed in a dijferent proportion. Take 
care also that none of your allotted ''model" get itself into the 
breathing holes. Then he gives directions about the metal — a 
fifth or sixth part of the metal to be tin, purified from lead, and 
the rest copper similarly cleansed. Lastly, contemplating the 
abominable noise which would be sure to arise from these handi- 
works, he says that if you fail in any point it can be set right 
with a whetstone or a file, of which the former would be used 
for sharpening purposes, grinding away the rim of the bell, and 
the latter for flattening, filing off the inner surface of the sound- 

Let us then imagine Walter of Odyngton attending to his 
own instructions. He starts by allotting a certain amount of 
wax for his first bell, makes his core by rule of thumb answer- 
able to it, and then weighs both. By weight he gets his wax 
for the other bells, on the nine-eighths system. The whole 
method is so obviously empiric that there is no ground for 
wonder at the necessity for burine, whetstone, hard chisel, file, or 
any other tuning apparatus. Indeed, the free use of these 
instruments may account for the almost total disappearance of 
bells of the Saxon and Norman periods. 

We are next to consider an improved method. Unfortunately 
no date can be assigned to it. It is a little prose tract (c. ii.), 
appended to an early poem, called Ars Musica. The poem itself 
is attributed to Gerbertus Scholasticus, afterwards Pope Syl- 
vester II. ; and if this be right, we are carried, as far as the poem 
is concerned, beyond the Norman Conquest. But the chapter 
in which we are interested belongs to a much later time. It 
seems as though the unknown writer had known of Walter of 
Odyngton's method, had seen that his nine-eighths made no 
difference between tones and semitones, and to have thus sup- 
plied a more workable plan : — 


Should anyone wish to regulate the sound of bells, like that of 
organ pipes, he should knozv that thicker bells, like shorter pipes, 
have a higher note. But one must be careful in the zveighing of 
the wax from which they are formed. He then proceeds to 
designate the various bells in a ring by letters : — 

The first, A, 

The second, B, 

The third, C, 

The fourth, D, 

The fifth, E, 

The sixth, F, and 

The eighth, G. 

It is needless to say that the absence of the mention of a 
seventh is very perplexing, and not at all to be accounted for by 
the first and eighth being in unison. Perhaps some master of 
mediaeval music can solve the mystery. I am content to record 
the instruction as I find it. 

B is formed from A, and C from B on Walter of Odyngton's 
nine-eighths system. But to get D, which is a " semitonium " 
from C, you take four-thirds of A. Then E is formed from D, 
and F from E on the nine-eighths system ; but G from D (there 
being a " semitonium " between G and F), by taking four-thirds. 
It may be that the text requires emendation, but I am not bold 
enough to touch it. The MS. is Rawlinson, c. 720, in the 
Bodleian Library, and the passage, as follows, occurs on f 13 
recto and verso : — 

*' Sonitum tintinnabulorum si quis rationabiliter juxta modum fistularum 
organicarum facere voluerit scire debet quia sicut fistulee breviores altiorem 
sonum habent quam longiores, ita et unumquodque tintinnabulum quantum' 
superat densitate alterum tantum excellit et sono. Quod caute providendum 
est in appensione ceras qua formantur. Ad primum autem quod est A littera 
quali volueris pondere ceram appende, dividesque illam ipsam ceram reque 
in octo partes, ac recipiat sequens, B, videlicet, ejusdem appensionis iterum 
octo partes alias, addita insuper nona parte. lUasque novem partes in 
unum coUige dividesque in octo, recipiat tercium quod est C, eadem appen- 
sione octo alias partes, addita etiam parte nona ejusdem ponderis. Tunc 
primi appensionem divide in tres partes, supereturque a quarto quod est D 
quarta parte, hoc est semitonium. Item divides quartum in octo, supere- 


turque a quinto quod est E, nona parte, dividesque similiter quintum in octo 
et recipiat sextum quod est F nonam partem amplius. Ouartum nichilo- 
minus in tres partes ieque appensum ab octavo quod est G superetur quarta 
parte, hoc est semitonium." 

According to my calculation the models of the seven bells 
would be in this ratio : — 
A . 8 
B . 9 
C . io'i25 
D . io6 

E . 12 

F . 13-5 

G . 14-2 

Early English remains are few comparatively. Mildenhall 
seems to have had a tower in this style, to judge from the 
dog-tooth work buried in the buttresses of the present tower, and 
Rumburgh still has the lower stage of a large square structure 
with three single lights ; but the record of the bells begins much 
about the time to which most of the earlier bell-chambers may 
be referred ; and first we break ground with. a solitary specimen 
from the King's Lynn foundry. 

This is the tenor at Worlington, inscribed -^ JOHADnGS i 
GODYDGG : DG l DGHiaG ] mG : EGCIT, with a plain 
initial cross on four steps given here (fig. i). The Tallage 
Roll, Lynn Bishop, 2y Edward I., mentions a Master John, 
founder of bells, as paying half a mark as his share to the 
County Subsidy in 1299, and as the same sum was paid in 1333, 


by Thomas Bclleyettir, the business probably went on in the 
same place. The former is thus mentioned, " Mag'r Joh'nes 
fundator Campanar' solvit die ven'is p'x ante festum Ste 
Margar' in subsidiu Co'itatis dj m'rc sterl."* The latter (or his 
successor, Edmundus Billeyettir) may be the person from whom 
Cok, the emissary of Alan de Walsingham, purchased copper 
and tin in 1346.! The examination of lettering will, I think, 
identify Magister Johannes Riston, at Bexwell, Norfolk, Jhoannes 
de Guddine, at Wendling in the same county, and Johannes 
Godynge de Lenne at Worlington, and the time points to the 
Subsidy payer of 1299 as combining these designations. The 
location of this one Lynn bell in Suffolk is not without signifi- 
cance. The old hythe, or staithe, still exists at Worlington, and 
the bell was no doubt brought by water, showing that the Lark 
was navigable six hundred years ago. The neglect of the last 
few years has blocked it, but I see that a company is just formed 
to open the little river up again. 

In preparing the Church Bells of Cambridgeshire I was picking 
my way timidly under the uncertain light of lettering and marks 
into the history of a little group of bells, bearing a cross (fig. 2) ; 

Fig. 2. 

" Quale per incertam lunam sub luce maligna 
Est iter in silvis." 

but in the last seven years the labours of Mr. Stahlschmidt have 
shown that I was on the right lines. The cross is found in 
Suffolk, on the tenor at Barnardiston, inscribed -^ OfiCtUGS 
SAHGTI DGI OI\ATG PI\0 ItOBIS, with three roundlets in 

* L'Estrange's Church Bells of Norfolk, p. 22. 
t Church Bells of Cambridgeshire, p. 5. 


a vertical line by way of stop (fig. 3), and lettering closely re- 
sembling that used by Robert Rider, whose will, dealing with 
his real estate only, is dated 1386. His third wife's name was 
Cristina, and he left her, inter alia, his claim on John and 
Walter, his apprentices, for their unfinished term of apprentice- 
ship. His body was to be buried in the churchyard of S. 
Andrew over Cornhill (Undershaft), and he had a son, Sir John 
Rider, a chaplain ; but his business cannot be traced into other 
hands, though the cross appears on bells after his date, e.g., the 

Fig- 3- 

fine tenor in Carlisle Cathedral, which belongs to the time of 
Bishop Strickland, 1400 — 1419, and the fifth and sixth at 
Christchurch, Hampshire. I place this Barnardiston bell at the 
head of the Londoners, as being very possibly, from the character 
of the lettering, earlier than Rider's time, going back perhaps to 
one of the three Suffolk founders exhumed by Mr. Stahlschmidt, 
from the City Records, William de Suffolck, potter, 1276, Philip 
de Ufford,* potter, 1294 — 13 16, and Alan de Suffolk, potter, 
1330 — 1 33 1. I would venture to suggest that John Aleyn, who 
uses the same cross, was a son of this Alan, "Johannes filius 

The accompanying A (fig. 4) is a specimen of the lettering on 
the Barnardiston tenor. The G (fig. 5), of a slightly smaller 

Fig. 4. Fig. 5. 

It seems probable that Ufford, near Woodbridge, is intended. 


size, occurs with the Barnardiston lettering on the second bell 
at Cherry Hinton, Cambridgeshire. 

In the same part of the county lie the third at Assington, and 
the fifth at Monks Eleigh, bearing the cross and lettering, which 
is shown to have been used by Peter de Weston, 1330 — 1348, 
and William Revel, c. 1356. 

An unquestionably early date may be assigned to the tenor 
at Great Bradley, which bears the name of Richard de Wimbis. 
This man's name first occurs in 1303, as one of a jury for 
appraising the value of pledges for debt in the custody of 
Nicholas Pycot, Chamberlain of the Guildhall. His delivery of 
a bell, weighing 2,820 pounds, " every hundredweight thereof 
containing 112 pounds," to the Priory of the Church of the 
Holy Trinity in Aldgate, in 13 12, has been mentioned in the 
Cambridgeshire book ; but an additional fact has now come out, 
that one Richard de Wymbish was Prior of the Convent from 
13 16 to 1325. Mr. Stahlschmidt suggests that relationship or 
fellow-townmanship may account for the employment of one 
Richard, when another was probably sub-prior. 

Only five of his bells are known to remain, and Suffolk is 
most fortunate in possessing one of them. Here and at Goring, 
Oxon., he styles himself " Ricard " ; at Burham, Kent, and 
Slapton, Northamptonshire, " Richard " ; at Rawreth, Essex, his 
name is not given ; but at Berechurch (now re-cast), was the full 
Latin " Ricardvs." The Goring third has the Norman-French 
" fist," and asks prayers for Peter Quivil, Bishop of Exeter, with- 
out mention of his soul, whence we may infer that the date is 
earlier than 1291, when the Bishop died. Three other founders 
bore the same surname, Michael de Wymbish, 1297 — 13 10, 
Ralph Wymbish, 1303 — 13 15, and Walter Wymbish, in 1325. 

This lettering is also now rare. It remains on the third at 
Fairstead, Essex, and the third at S. Laurence, Norwich, both 

-J- YOCOI\ ; JOHAIineS, the first bearing also -i- PGTI^VS : 
DG ; 1/VGSTOn ; mG : EGCIT, and the other -^ -WlDGDmvs 
i I^GVGIJ ; mG i EGCIT, and on the third at Heckfield, 
Hampshire, which bears a charming little piece of old English : 


Leiterint; & Cross used r.v Richard Wvmbish ox Bell at Grf-at Bradle/. 


-J- now i GOD : HGIiP i ADD i HAVG [ AD. 

The Assington bell is of a little literary importance, because 
of an attempt at a pentameter, on which may our classical 
friends have mercy ! : — 

•i- HOG : SIGItYm i SGI\VA : XPG i mAI^IA i THOmA. 

It is not enough to transgress metre. Syntax must suffer 
too, as in the case of the later versifier, who after much agony 
over Scott's 

" Call it not vain ; they do not err, 
Who say, that when the Poet dies, 
Mute Nature mourns her worshipper, 
And celebrates his obsequies," 

produced " Figmentum cogita non." 

Peter de Weston's will is given at length by Mr. Stahlschmidt. 
It bears date, August, 1347. On the Monday before S. Luke's 
Day in that year, it was proved by the widow Matilda, John de 
Romeneye, also an ollarius, or potter, Sir Ralph of Cambridge, 
priest, and Thomas, cousin of the deceased, who died in the 
year of the Black Death, 1349. The municipal honours con- 
ferred on Peter de Weston, prove that he must have been a 
substantial citizen. The last year of his life coincided with the 
first election to the Common Council by the Wards, and he 
heads the list for Portsoken Ward, " dressed in a little brief 
authority." I quite agree with the conclusion, that in absence 
of further evidence, bells of this letter are rather to be ascribed 
to him, than to William Revel, who does not seem to have been 
a man of the same importance. 

One bell in a secluded village, the fourth at Wissett, bears a 
wheel-stop, engraved by Mr. Stahlschmidt,* who considers it 
indicative of William Burford of London. The inscription is 
simply -5- YII\GO mAI\IA, but the church is dedicated to S. 
Andrew. William Burford's will, dated and proved in 1390, as 
well as that of his son Robert, may be found transcribed in full 
by Mr. Stahlschmidt, notable documents, but too long for us 

* Church Bells of Hertfordshire, p. 13. The wheel-stop may denote the introduc- 
tion of wheels in the place of simple levers, and prepare us for the frequent mention 
of S. Katharine hereafter. 

Surrey Bells and London Bell Founders, pp. 38, <xc. 



here. The former mentions Mary, the wife of Henry Derby, 
whom we shall next name, and as a matter of general historical 
interest, refers to a tenement purchased by him of Alice Ferrers, 
the favourite of Edward III. in his last years. This woman 
seems to have had considerable possessions in the city. Twenty 
shillings left for poor prisoners in Newgate, and ten for those in 
Ludgate, bespeak the humanity of the testator, and there are 
the usual religious and charitable bequests. 

The last of the Londoners of this period who appears in 
Suffolk is Derby, who made the tenor at Ampton. He is men- 
tioned in the Cambridgeshire book,* as the founder of the third 
and fourth bells at Chippenham. 

My conjecture as to his being a resident in Derby seems to 
vanish in face of Mr. Stahlschmidt's evidence connecting him 
with Henry Derby, ironmonger ; and though the union of trades 
may seem somewhat irregular, and against guild law, there is no 
more reason in rcruvi natiira to object to a bell-founder being 
called an ironmonger, if he did ironmonger's work, than to his 
being called ollarius. Some of us have seen in this last quarter 
of the nineteenth century an ironfounder's appliances utilised 
for casting a ring of bells. Henry Derby's time seems to have 
been from 1362 to 1390. The Ampton bell bears the heads of 
King Edward HI. (fig. 6), and an initial cross well known in 
other counties (fig. 7). 

Fig. 6. 

Fig. 7. 

Of Norfolk bells, those at New Houghton and Burnham 
Deepdale, record Derby's name, and the treble at Wimbotsham 
and the bell at West Lynn are presumably his. 

P. 16. 


Transition frqm Longobardic to black-letter — " William fToundor," shown 
to be William Dawe — His Suffolk bells — His gun-founding for Dover Castle 
in 1385 — His will — John Danyell's bells — Richard Hille's — Henry Jordan, 
Fishmonger and Founder — His works at King's College, Cambridge, and at 
East Bergholt — His will — Bequest remaining to this day — His obit — His 
son, Dan Henry. 

Suffolk is remarkably rich in bells bearing those London 
marks which come next in order of time, and form a connecting 
link between the Longobardic and black-letter periods. There 
are twenty-two of them against ten in Kent, six in Norfolk and 
Lincolnshire respectively, and five in Cornwall, which are the 
only counties at present known to possess more than two or 
three. The principal shields (figs. 8 and 9) bear a chevron 
between three lavers, or ewers, and they show the importance 


Fig. 9. 


of these common articles of domestic use. Sandre (Alexander) 
of Gloucester, an ecclesiastic, before this time, used a laver in 
his seal (fig. lo), and the word AYG on it has a double force, 
being the part of the inscription, YGllGZt EtAYGZ, which the 

Fig. lo. 

seal-sinker chose to exhibit. Now, to what peculiar circum- 
stance are we to attribute the pre-eminence of Suffolk in this 
respect? It seems to me that there had been a succession of 
Suffolk men engaged in the founder's craft in Aldgate. Close 
following on William de Suffolck, already mentioned, come 
John le Rous, potter, 1281, and William le Rous, potter, 1286, a 
name strongly suggestive of the county. After a short interval 
we have Roger le Rous, potter, 131 1, and Nicholas le Rous, 
potter, 13 1 5. 

A longer break intervenes, and then appear Robert Russe, 
brazier, 1356 — 1397; Roger Rous, or Rose, de Bury, 1358 — 
1392; and Alan Rous, potter, 136L Peter de Blithe, potter, 
1335 — 1353, and Robert de Blithe, brazier, 1356, very likely hail 
from Blythburgh,* and Philip de Ufford (who is called in his 
will both Philip de Ufford and Philip de Rafford) is regarded by 
Mr. Stahlschmidt as possibly the father of one W'illiam Rofiforde, 
who made the fourth bell at West Mill, Hertfordshire, using the 
same lettering and cross as Henry Derby, of whom we have 
lately spoken. The connection is a little strengthened by the 
mention of the soul of John Rufford, and of a legatee, Mary, 
the wife of Henry Derby, in the will of William Burford, 
citizen of London and Belzeter, proved 1 390. 

* East Anglian, L, 203. 



After the lapse of five centuries, it is out of all reason to 
expect evidence to be clear and coherent. All that can be done 
is to use care in putting the precious fragments together, and to 
leave them to tell their tale as to the irrecoverable past. 

These indications, at any rate, prepare our mind for a con- 
nection between the county of Suffolk and that which was 
pre-eminently the founder's parish, S. Botolph, Aldgate, and 
may help to account for the large number of bells of the 
" Laver " group, which we are discussing. 

Besides the laver shields, larger and smaller, these bells bear 
sometimes a shield with a chevron between three trefoils slipped, 
the arms of Rufford, Underbill, Fitz-Lewes, and other families, 

Fig. II. 

(fig. 11), two crosses, larger and smaller (figs. 12, 13), which 
generally go with the larger and smaller lavers, other crosses 

Fijr. 12. 



(figs. 14, 15), and most notable of all a certain medallion (fig. 16), 
bearing two birds, and the words, MilUam ffountior me fecit. 

Fig. 14. 

Fig. 15. 

Fig. 16. 

I will not inflict on my readers the endless variety in which 
these marks occur, being convinced from careful tabulation that 
no theory can be based on their aberrations. The group of 
bells on which they are found is : — 



Barking, fourth and tenor, 

Butley bell, 

Clare, seventh, 

Cornard, Great, fourth, 

Elmham, South, S. Peter, the three bells, 

Hawstead, treble, 

Ilketshall, S. Margaret, treble and second (poor bells, the 
former now split). 

Ipswich, S. Stephen, treble and second, 

Nedging, second, 

Oakley, Great, fourth, 

Peasenhall, tenor, 

Petistree, fourth and fifth, 

Sibton, third, 

Ufford, fourth, 

Westerfield, treble and second. 

To these, before i860, might have been added the Ingham 
bell. On every one of this group, with one exception, occur 
figs. 8, 9, 1 1, or 16. That exception is the Clare seventh, marked 
with a handsome medallion (fig. 17) ; but this must go with the 

Fig. 17. 

others, as on the South Lopham fifth this mark occurs with 
fig. 9, and with an octagon (fig. 18) which we find in con- 




Fig. 1 8. 

junction with fig, 12, on the Pebmarsh tenor. Mr. Stahlschmidt* 
says that the trefoils never appear with the birds. The second 
at South Elmham S. Peter upsets this, bearing the trefoils four 
times on the shoulder, and the birds six times between the 
words of the inscription. To add to our perplexity, the three 
at South Elmham S. Peter, with all their variety, are nearly 
certainly of one casting, and the treble, which has a band in the 
place of an inscription, is nearly the counterpart of the treble 
at Brent Tor, on Dartmoor, which has for its fellow another 
(also almost certainly co-eval with it), bearing Longobardic 
letters, and thus likely to date further back than the little 
black-letter ring at South Elmham S. Peter. This is a specimen 
of our difficulties in sorting out bells. On one point I am 
disposed to agree with Mr. Stahlschmidt, in attributing all 
that bear William Founder's name to one William Dawe, the 
birds being presumably a rebus on his name. In addition 
to the Southelmhamites, this mark is found at Nedging, 
Great Oakley, and UfTord only. Certainly the mark survived 
William Dawe, for it appears on the seventh at Magdalen 
College, Oxford, the year of that foundation being 1456,! and on 
a bell at Radcliff, Bucks, bearing indications of a still later date. 
However, so far as Suffolk is concerned, I think we may stick 

* Surrey Bells and London Bell-founders, p. 46. 

f Bishop Waynflete may have placed a second-hand bell in Magdalen Tower. 


to William Dawe. He is worth the trouble taken about him, 
bringing us for the first time into the stream of general history. 
Mr. Stahlschmidt is justly proud of having solved the mystery. 
Through the kindness of Mr, Walter Rye he was allowed to 
examine some deeds about East-end property belonging to the 
Cornwallis family. He found two, bearing date 1392 and 1395 
respectively, relating to the same premises, executed in the 
presence of the same four witnesses, of whom one stands de- 
scribed in the earlier deed as " William Dawe Foundr," and in 
the later one, as " William Found""." Subsequently it was 
discovered that in the same ward, and at the same time, there 
was another William Dawe, by trade a "white tawyer," or 
dresser of white leather. This is a sufficient reason for William 
Dawe persistently describing himself as William Founder. 
Possibly the founder was a son of the *' white tawyer," who 
appears on the Hustings Rolls for 1371.* 

But how does this man, whose name has to be ferreted out 
through musty parchments, and bells known to the birds, name- 
sakes of William Dawe, in obscure village towers, belong to the 
general history of the nation ? We must come to the year 
1385, to see his services and the scanty trace of them yet 
remaining. That year, though little noted in school books, was 
a busy and anxious year in England. A short truce with the 
French had terminated, and the advisers of the young King 
Charles VI. were bent on executing a general assault on Eng- 
lish territory. There was such a scare throughout the kingdom 
that if the chroniclers are to be credited, Richard H. was soon 
at the head of 300,000 men, the greater part of which he 
reserved for the defence of the south coast. The ports must be 
defended, and guns must be had for Dover. They had, as it 
appears, already been mounted at Calais, under the governour. 
Sir Hugh Calverley. " William the founder," doubtless this 
William Dawe, is the man employed. In the issue rolls of the 
year (ist May) is the following payment: — "To Sir Simon de 
Burley, Knight, Constable of Dover Castle, for the price of 12 

* Stahlschmidt's Church Bells of Kent, pp. 24, &c. ; Prefa:e, p. xii. 


guns, 2 iron 'patella,' 120 stones for the guns, lOO lbs. of 
powder, and 4 stocks of wood purchased of William the founder, 
of London and delivered to the said Simon by the hands of 
William Hanney, Clerk, for fortifying and strengthening Dover 
Castle, £<^'j los."* I would suggest for the consideration of 
artillerists whether this does not point to an earlier date for 
cast guns than that which is commonly received. Now I think 
that the county of Kent contains some traces of the handiwork 
of this same year. There are four bells only in that county 
which bear the "birds" medallion (fig. 16), and of these two at 
Downe are on the road from London to Dover ; one at Upper 
Hardres is about four miles off the road, and one at Otham is 
close by Maidstone. 

Thus a group of Suffolk bells seems to be connected with the 
foundry which caused the Frenchmen's ears to tingle with the 
roar of Dover Castle ; and another group of Kent bells possibly 
first sounded for service about the time when William Dawe 
was completing his Dover job. 

One more little glimpse, and we bid good-bye to William 
Founder. Richard IL is now some years dead, poor hapless 
man, and the first usurping Lancastrian is on the throne. The 
business of the nation goes on much the same. There are 
marryings and givings in marriage, births, deaths, probate of 
wills in due course. In 1408, one John Plot, or Rouwenhale, 
Citizen and Maltman, of London, dies, a widower and probably 
childless. He leaves his money for divers purposes, charitable, 
pious, beneficial. Among legacies for Mass of Requiem and 
repair of " fowle weys," is this : — " Also my wyll ys that John 
Walgrave, seruaunt of Wyllyam fondour haue of my gode iijs. 
iiijd."-f- Although we know nothing of John Walgrave in 
Suffolk, he has left his mark in other counties. 

We turn to another group, dating plainly after 141 3, for in 
that year Henry V., not to be behindhand in the fashion, 
changed the semee of fleur-de-lis in the French shield to three, 
following the example of his rival Charles VI. This shield 

* Stahlschmidt's Surrey Bells and London Founders, p. 45. 
t Fifty Earliest English Wills, p. 15. 



(figs. 19, 20), sometimes crowned and sometimes uncrowned,"* 
is usual on bells of this group, which consists of 

Bildeston, treble, 

Brockley, three bells, 

Lakenheath, second and third, 

Mildenhall, sixth. 

Stowmarket, fourth. 

Fig. 19. Fig. 20. 

Before i860 there was the old fourth at Mildenhall, from 
which the present fifth was made, and the largest of the three 
bells which used to stand in the north aisle of S. James's 
Church, Bury St. Edmund's, formerly the clock bell there. 

The readers of my -Church Bells of Cambridgeshire will re- 
member a mark (fig. 21) used by this founder. It occurs on 

Fig. 21. 
* No theorj' can be based on the absence of the crown. 



all of the group, except at Bildeston and Stowmarket. The 
initials J D are plain enouf^h on the Bildeston treble. There 
is some difficulty about the letters on the treble at S. Botolph's, 
Cambridge ; but I think that Blomefield is right in taking them 
also for J D, and the pencil sketch (still remaining in the 
Muniment Room of Kmg's College) of the inscriptions on the 
grand five bells which that Society unfortunately sold in 
1754, records also J D on the treble, though the ink sketch 
gives J G. These seem undoubtedly to be the initials of John 
Danyell, bell-founder and vintner. We only know his surname, 
but J at that time is pretty sure to stand for John.* Now we 
have a certain date for him, for the Bursar at King's College 
paid in 1460, ^3 13s. 4d. to one Coke for bringing a bell of 
" Danyell fonder's " from London to Cambridge. Again, the 
tenor in Crowland Abbey, which is mark for mark like the 
Brockley second and the Mildenhall late fourth, and inscribed, 
3n iitultis ^nnis llcsonct ©ampana Sabannis, is certainly later 
than 1465, when it was cast in London, and apparently bore the 
name of Michael, if we may give credence to the continuation 
of Ingulph's chronicle. So much for his date. That he did not 
confine himself to metallurgy we know from these same King's 
College accounts, where it is recorded that he received 535. 4d. 

Fig. 22. 

* There were John Danyells in London in 1435. Stahlschmidt's Church Bells of 
Kent, p. 54. 



for half the cost of a tun (dolium) of wine. Among his marks, 
though only once occurring with his royal shields in Suffolk, on 
the Brockley second, is a beautiful cross bearing the words, 
ilju mcrri latti Ijclp round it (fig. 22), which we know to have been 
used largely by Henry Jordan, or Jurden, who overlapped 
Danyell, and possibly had some trade connection with him. 

To keep in order of time, however, we must first take another 
group, assigned by Mr. Stahlschmidt to Richard Hille.* For 
this the principal mark is a shield divided by a bend, with a 
cross above and a ring below (fig. 23). 

Fig. 23. 

The number is very limited, viz., 
Glemham, Great, fifth, 
Higham, S. Mary, fifth, 
Ipswich, S. Mary-at-Elms, second, 
Ringshall, second, 
Washbrook bell. 

Fig. 24. 
Stahl Schmidt's Surrey Bells and London Founders, p. 35. 



These all belong to South-east Suffolk, but there was another, 
now recast, in the opposite corner of the county, the old second 
at Wangford S. Denis, which bore also the cross (fig. 24), else- 
where known in connection with the " ring and cross " shield. 

That Richard Hille died in 1440, that his wife Joan 

. "resigned to Heaven's will, 
carried on the business still," 

and in the end survived her second husband, Sturdy, and carried 
on further business in 1459 with the town of Faversham, is to 
be read in the annals of London bell-founders, to which we 
have so often referred ; but the widow's works did not appar- 
ently extend into our county. 

We must now turn to the marks which generally accompany 
the tlju mcvd latii Irelp cross, already mentioned as on the Brockley 
second. These are an elaborate shield divided saltireways by 
two keys, with a fish above, a laver below, a garb (wheatsheaf) 
on the right, and a bell on the left (fig. 25), and a shield bearing 
a merchant's mark (fig. 26), which are so united, the one with 

Fig. 26. 

the other, and with fig. 22, that they and they alone occur on 
nine of the twelve bells of this group. These bells are of a 
superior character, and the marks are known in almost every 
county. They are 

Barnardiston, treble, 

Bergholt, East, second. 


Boxford, second, 

Bramfield, third, fourth, and fifth, 

Groton, third, 

Iken, treble and third, 

Ipswich, S. Laurence, second, 

Stradbroke, tenor, a fine bell, with a somewhat hard tone. 

Wixoe bell. 

North-west Suffolk, be it observed, is entirely unrepresented 
in this group, and the Stradbroke tenor is the only bell in North 
Suffolk. This, however, is a grand specimen, in E, weighing by 
repute 21 cwt. All these are ascribed to Henry Jordan, or 
Jurdeyn, already mentioned. His overlapping Danyell in time 
has been referred to, and in one instance (Wixoe) the use of 
his personal shield (fig. 25) with a certain elegant octagon (fig. 
18), which I have mentioned as found at Pebmarsh, Essex, in 
conjunction with an earlier one (fig. 12), shows some connection 
even with Dawe. 

But let us look at that same personal shield, which would be 
a horror to heralds, past or present, and see if it will not tell us 
its story. Certainly it does seem rather a strange jumble, not 
quite so excruciating as the arms of the Oddfellows, but enough 
to make Rouge Dragon and Portcullis stare and gasp. Heraldic 
language seems thrown away upon it, and it shall be described 
in unadorned prose. A dolphin above, and S. Peter's cross- 
keys seem to speak of fishery, a bell and a laver of foundry, 
and a wheatsheaf of farming. The last interpretation we must 
abandon. The wheatsheaf (in heraldic language, garb), turns 
out to be part of the arms of the family of Harleton, from 
which Henry Jordan was descended. 

Now in Henry Jordan (one spelling must suffice for his name) 
we have this strange union of Fishmonger and Founder. But 
after all what does the strangeness amount to? I remember 
two shoemakers in Blandford, Dorset, who announced them- 
selves as qualified to bleed, and to extract teeth, and many 
tradesmen at the present day trench on other business than 
their own. Besides, have we not seen " Danyell fonder " vend- 
ing half a dolium of wine to King's College, Cambridge? Let 



US then fearlessly gaze on this hybrid tradesman of the Middle 

We have read of Richard Hille, and of his widow Joan. He 
had also a daughter Joan, to whom he left the substantial sum 
of two hundred marks. Far be it from me, after the lapse of 
these ages, to deny to the young lady the possession of many 
estimable qualities and personal charms, besides this " tocher " ; 
but it did not make her the less desirable in the eyes of Henry 
Jordan, himself a " citizen of credit and renown," and a member 
of the Fishmongers' Company, if not actually engaged in that 

The Jordans appear to have come from Loughborough, where 
in All Saints' Church a battered remnant of a monumental 
brass records the burial of Giles Jordan and Margaret his wife, 
apparently in 1455. Henry Jordan's father and mother, as we 
read in his will, were named Giles and Margaret, but in that 
document he speaks of them as buried in the Church of S, 
Botolph, Aldgate, directing that " ij tapers of wex " should burn 
beside his own tomb and his wife's, and one should " stand upon 
the middes of the stone there as the bodies of my father and 
mod"" there lien buried ", and in like manner another, for Richard 
Hille and his wife Joan, the second husband, Sturdy, being left 
in darkness. 

Some clever man may arise to read the riddle of this seem- 
ingly double burial. On the Loughborough stone were formerly 
arms, Jordan and Harleton quarterly, rt:r. three mullets, ^za and 
sa. a chevron between three garbs ar. A mullet, by the way, is 
not a fish, but a five-pointed star, and v/e shall come across it 
again before long. 

We have a very important notice of Henry Jordan at Cam- 
bridge, in 1465 — 6. The visitor to King's College Chapel may 
notice in dry summer weather a peculiarly arid spot occupying 
some space on the lawn to the west of that noble building. 
This is the site of an ancient " Clochard," or bell-house (fig. 27), 
dating from the time just named. The building at the back of 
it in the engraving is Clare College. 

In 1466 one " Cartare " was paid for the hanging of the bells, 

king's college, CAMBRIDGE, 


the intention being, as it seems, that the bells should remain 
there till a tower was ready for them. But King's College is an 
uncompleted building, and the Clochard had to be propped up 
before 1660. Eighty years more brought it to the last stage of 
" calm decay," and the bells were removed to the ante-chapel, 
whence in 1754 they went to another chapel, to wit, Whitechapel 
bell-foundry, where Messrs. Lester and Pack boiled them down, 
and none can say where the metal now gives forth its tuneful 

Between the extracts made by Mr. J. Willis Clark from the 
College " Mundum " book, and a drawing found among the 
College archives, the largest bell of the five and possibly the 
smallest (though this was more probably a remanent from older 
work of our vintner friend " Danyell fonder ") may be traced 
to Henry Jurden, whose heavy bill of forty pounds was paid by 
the College in instalments of ten pounds. The former was a 



magnificent bell, weighing 2 tons 6 cwt. 2 qrs. 7 lbs. — about 5 
cvvt. more than the noble tenor at S. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, 
and thus the largest bell that East Anglia has ever seen. Alas ! 
that it should have perished. I have said that the Stradbroke 
tenor is the largest extant work of Henry Jordan's in Suffolk. 
The East Bergholt second is remarkable in its way as being one 
of the tenants of a mediaeval Clochard (fig. 28) co-eval with that 

Fig. 28. 

which used to exist at King's, but more tenacious of life. A 
very picturesque object is this antique bell-house, well-known to 
all that frequent the villages which touch on the Stour valley. 
Here, as at King's, the structure was only intended as a stop- 
gap, for the base of a western tower may yet be seen. I think 
it quite possible that the foundations on the south side of 
Mildenhall Church are those of a Campanile intended for the 
reception of the bells, while the present tower was building. 
The dimensions are 33 feet by 21. 

To revert to Henry Jordan's shields, no one as yet has read 
the meaning of the device on the " banner shield" (fig. 26). 


As is commonly the case, we know most of the man's history 
from his will, dated October 15th, 1468, with a codicil annexed, 
printed m extenso in the Surrey Bells and London Bell- founders* 
It is a most curious and interesting document in many respects, 
giving us derivations of present local names, and insight into 
the life of our forefathers. After the usual pious commendation 
of his soul to his Maker he directs that his body should be 
buried in " the Chapell of our lady in the Northeside of the 
p'yshe Churche of Seynt Botulphes w'oute Aldgate of London 
that is to say in the place where as the body of Johanne my 
Wiffe there resteth buried." He had a son and as it seems an 
only one, who is not mentioned in the will, cut off with less 
than a shilling ; for the " Wardeyns of the Comynaltie of the 
mistery or crafte of ffyshemong''* of the said Citie of London," 
to wit William Turke, Robert Derlyngton, Edmond Newman, 
Lawrence Ffyncham, William Hayes and John Stanesby are 
his universal legatees. The will is preserved by the Fish- 
mongers' Company, who still pay annually to the Founders' 
Company one of Jordan's bequests, " to twenty of the poverest 
people of the Crafte of Ffounders of London to ev''yche of them 
eight pence (s"me) thirtene shillyngs and foure pence." The 
lands bequeathed, with gardens, &c., are described (i) as "lien 
togeder" in the lane called Billiter Llane in the p'yshe of Seynt 
Katheryn Crechurche w'in Aldgate of London, and (2) as "in 
the p'yshe of Seynt Brigide in Fleete Street in the subberbes of 
London as they be sett and lien betwene the Tenement belong- 
ing unto the ffraternytie of our blessed lady Seynt Mary the 
Virgyne in the said Church of Seynt Brigide on the p'tie of the 
Este and the Water of the Fleete on the p'tie of the West 
wherof th' one hed abutteth upon the gardeyn of the Gaile or 
Pryson of the Ffleete towards the North, and th' other heed 
abutteth upon the Kyngs way of Fflete Streete towards the 
South." "Billiter Llane," now Billiter Street is spelt in the 
Guildhall copy of the will " Bellezeterslane," and thus we have 
the derivation of a well-known place of business at the present 
day. The site of Jordan's shop and dwelling-house is supposed 

• Pp. 60, &c. 


to be at the north-west corner of Billiter Street, fronting on 
Leadenhall Street, and the foundry on the west side of Billiter 
Street, on a space partially occupied by the East and West 
India Dock-house, 

This property still belongs to the Fishmongers' Company. It 
was confiscated in the " regular way of business " by Parliament 
for the Crown, in the days of young Edward VI., as being 
devoted to superstitious uses, but the Wardens of that mystical 
" crafte " of Fishmongers repurchased it. 

The second property, lying to the North of Fleet Street 
recalls three very various pictures of the past, the Fleet Prison, 
the Guild of S. Mary in S. Bride's Church, with its masses and 
festivities, and the Fleet Ditch. But these are not in Suffolk, 
and we must not linger over them. The trusts for which the 
property is left are sundry and manifold. Among them of 
course stands prominently the " Obite or anniv'sarye of Placebo 
and Dirige," which terms require explanation. These are the 
first words in Antiphons of the office " Placebo Domino in 
regione vivorum," Ps. cxiv. (Vulg. our cxvi.) 9, " I will walk 
before the Lord in the land of the living," and " Dirige in con- 
spectu tuo viam meam " (Ps. v. 9). 

This obite is to be "with ryngyng of Bells (S. Botolph, 
Aldgate, being especially mentioned) for my soule and the 
soules aboverehersed openly to be named." We shall give 
instances of this custom from Suffolk before long. Works of 
piety (including xiiji". and ivd. for brede, ale, chese, and spices) 
being thus considered, those of charity follow, of which the 
bequest to the poor people of the craft of Founders, already 
mentioned, may serve as a specimen. Many shivering souls 
dwelling around Temple Bar had occasion to bless the memory 
of the good citizen Henry Jordan, from whose will flowed a long 
black stream of quarters of coals. Even the "sea coal fire," 
sitting by which Falstaff promised to make hostess Quickly a 
lady, may have blazed at that moment from some bequest 
analogous to Henry Jordan's. 

But while all this magnificent array of works of piety and 
charity was being committed to parchment, natural affection 

A "ne'er do well." 31 

seemed to slumber. The son, a scholar in his way, able to 
plead his " benefit of clergy," a Bachelor of Arts of Oxford or 
Cambridge, " Dan* Henry Jordon," a monk professed in the 
house of Horley in Barkeshire, receives no mention in the will. 
He must be regarded, we fear, as a " ne'er do well," but his 
father remembered him in a Codicil " annexed to the Testa- 
mente in Ptechement undre Seale." The Wardens of the 
" Comynaltie of the Mysterye of Ffyshemongers " were required 
to help Dan Henry in time of his neede, at their discretion, as 
often as such occasion might occur. There was reason to 
anticipate that occasion might occur, and that the periods of 
recurrence might not be separated by very long intervals. 
To carry out this intention a brother fishmonger, Thomas 
Wydm''pole, is appointed as a sub-almoner under the Wardens 
of the Fishmongers' Company. Clearly Dan Henry is not to 
be trusted with current coin of the realm. He is truly a monk 
professed at Hurley, but all is not bliss within those sacred 
walls. The Prior's discipline is likely to be too strict for Dan 
Henry, or Dan Henry is likely to be too lax for the discipline. 
" My coat is too short, or else I'm too tall," as the pauper said 
when he found himself " decently habited " after the fashion of 
the Union Workhouse. The need of Wydmrpole's appointment 
is thus rehearsed in the codicil. " And for this cause that if the 
Pryo"^ and Covent of the said house of Horley for the tyme 
beyng kepe hym to streightly or otherwise entrete hym than he 
ought of very right and duetie to be doone to or els that they 
wolle putte awey from hym his abite and living of a Monke 
there whiche he hath chosen to him." It may have been a case 
of corody,t complicated by misconduct. It is a sad picture, but 
if we would know the past, we must take it as it stands, the 
bitter with the sweet. Here we see the intelligent, successful, 
benevolent citizen, whose works in more senses than one survive 
to this day, who has sent his son to the University, and might 

* Dan is short for Dominus, the term still applied in the Universities to Bachelors 
of Arts. 

t Corody, coroJium, the right of nominating a person to be sustained in a 
Religious House. 


have looked to see him an Archdeacon or even a Bishop, 
obHged to make these humiliating arrangements for the young 
man, and even by anticipation blaming the Prior and Convent 
of Hurley for kicking the luckless scapegrace out of their doors. 
Thus we part from the story of Henry Jordan. 


Two bells probably by Thomas Bullisdon.— The "moon and stars" 
shield— Two bells by William Culverden— His rebus— History of the use of 
the word Emtnanuel — Culverden's rebus interpreted — His will — Westmin- 
ster School — Boston Merchant Guild — The Norwich Foundry — A nameless 
group — Fressingfield tenor — The Brasyers — A Mediaeval Law-suit — Richard 
Brasyer in the Court of Common Pleas — Ingenious argument of Serjeant 
Genney— The large group of the Brasyers' bells— The Burlingham group. 

A PAIR of bells now claim our attention, 
Kesgrave bell, 
I ken, fourth. 
These bear a shield with the initials T. B. (fig. 29) well-known 

Fig. 29. 

in many counties, though rare in Suffolk. I found it on the 
second at Cudham, Kent, in 1857. It is also known at Little 
Gransden, and Rampton, Cambridgeshire, at Llandewednack, 
the parish in which the Lizard is situated, at S. Mary's, Bedford, 
Anstey, Hertfordshire, East Dean, Sussex, Paulerspury, North- 
amptonshire, and other places — most notably of all at the 




grand old church of S. Bartholomew-the-Great, Smithfield, 
where there is a complete and melodious little ring of five 
of this make, which has happily survived the Great Fire of 

The best instance of all for our purpose is the fifth at Weeley 
in Essex, with a prayer for the souls of William and Agnes 
Brooke. There seems to be only one Agnes Brooke of this 
district, to whose will a reference can be found at Somerset 
House. The wills themselves are lost, but the indexes remain, 
and from them it may be computed that Agnes Brooke died in 
1506 or 1507. This tallies well with the Bullisdon, whom Mr. 
Amherst Tyssen records as casting bells in London in 15 10.* 
The arms of Robert Billesdon, who was Lord Mayor of London 
in 1483, are no help to us. There was a Thomas Bullisdon, 
who represented the city in Parliament in 1492. T. in the 
middle ages is almost sure to stand for Thomas, and very 
possibly the founder of the Kesgrave bell and the Iken fourth 
was Thomas Bullisdon, son of this Thomas. But we know, 
nothing more about him, and can tell no interesting stories as 
in the case of Henry Jordan. Sometimes his bells bear the 
fancy cross (fig. 30), which suggests connection with Danyell 
and Jurden. 

Fig. 30- 

The following eleven bells : — 
Boxford, seventh, 
Bradfield Combust, second, 

* Church Bells of Sussex, p. 1 5. 


Cross and Capitals on Bell at Sudbury S. Peter. 



Groton, fourth, 

Hadleigh, fourth, 

Levington, treble, 

Saxmundham, third, fourth, and fifth, 

Sudbury, S. Peter, fifth, sixth, and tenor,* 
present in their location a marked exclusion of the north of the 
county. They are the handiwork of a man whose usual shield 
(fig. 31) bearing three mullets in chief, and a crescent in base, 

Fig. 31' 

below a chevron, is found in all the named towers, save Bradfield 
and Saxmundham. On the Bradfield bell and the Saxmund- 
ham fifth appear the emblems of the four evangelists (figs. 32, 
33. 34. 35), which appear at Impington, Cambridgeshire, and 

Fig. 32. Fig. 33. 

* This last is a good bell, weighing about 22 cwt. 



Fig. 34- 

Fig. 35- 

elsewhere in conjunction with the shield just named. The 
initial crosses, of which figs. 36, 37 are examples, vary, as does 
the lettering, which at Sudbury is remarkably large and forcible. 
The resemblance between the shield and the arms of Sir Henry 

Fig. 36. 

Fig. 37- 

Kebyll, citizen and grocer. Lord Mayor in 15 10, leads Mr. 
Stahlschmidt to assign the bells " provisionally " to one of the 
Kebyll family, and he finds in the accounts of S. Stephen's, 
Walbrook, for 1480, payments amounting to £^ 6s. Sd. for bell- 
hanging to John Kebyll, wheelwright. The arms of the Lord 
Mayor of 15 10 are given in Wright's Heylin without the cres- 
cent, but variations in these points are very common in the 
botirgeois heraldry of that time. It is more than likely that 
evidence will turn up to confirm Mr. Stahlschmidt's conjecture. 

These bells may be found in different parts of England, but 
in no great abundance. Like North Suffolk, Norfolk is destitute 
of them. I found two at Mumby, Lincolnshire, in 1855, and 



Fig. 42. 

Ftg. 41. 

Fig. 44. 

Fig. 40. 

FJg- 43- 



Mr. North records also one at Edworth, Bedfordshire, and one 
at Norton, Hertfordshire. Four are given in my Church Bells of 
Cambridgeshire, and five in Mr. Stahlschmidt's Church Bells of 
Kent, but so far as we know there are none in the western 
counties, and certainly there are none in the Diocese of Peter- 
borough. Suffolk is as far above the average with these bells 
as it is with William Dawe's. We know as yet of no mediaeval 
foundry in Essex, and the Londoners having there a " happy 
hunting-ground," readily crossed the Stour and did business 
against Norwich, penetrating, in the case of Henry Jordan, 
on one occasion quite to the north of that city. Other London 
marks are given opposite (figs. 38 — 44). 

The most attractive of the London foundry-shields is that of 
our last ante-Reformation craftsman, William Culverden (fig. 
45), a rebus which I guessed wrong. Further investigation by 

Fig. 45- 

Mr. Tyssen set me right. His bells are very rare, so rare that 
I give after the Suffolk pair, 

Stratford, S. Mary, tenor, 

Ubbeston, treble, 
a complete list of towers containing those known to exist 

Cambridgeshire, Landbeach. 

Dorset, Steeple. 


Essex, Elsenham, Takely, Wicken Breaux. 

HertfordsJnre, Furneaux Pelham. 

Kent, Boughton Aluph, Graveney. 

Middlesex, Brent ford. 

Staffordshire, Kingstone. 

Surrey, Chobham, Wimbledon. 

A few more may perhaps turn up in the home counties and 
the Midlands. The Dorset bell is at present the sole contribu- 
tion of the west. He was at work only from 1510 to 1523, 
which probably accounts for the paucity of his specimens. The 
shield is in many ways a great curiosity, and the ingenuity of 
my readers may be put to a test, as the meanings of the trefoil 
and monogram at the foot are not yet clear. Round the bell, 
which bears the word JFon& (Founder), are the opening words of 
Psalm xi., Jn trno (KofiiJo (In the Lord put I my trust), which 
were often used by our forefathers as a motto, especially at the 
outset of any business. Though I cannot recall the instance, I 
feel sure that at the beginning of one of the MSS. of a mediaeval 
Chronicle these words occur, coupled with 

Now this very pentameter occurs on one of William Cul- 
verden's bells, viz., that at Takely, Essex, which I therefore feel 
justified in regarding as his earliest. When the Reformation 
came in, this pentameter went out, but its place was taken by 
the word Emnia7iuel, which used to be written at the head of 
letters. I may be excused for enlarging on this, as it illustrates 
a place otherwise obscure in Shakespeare's Henry VI. That 
the fact is as I have stated is shown by a letter of Mr. William 
Carnsewe to " Customer Smyth " (purchaser of metals to Queen 
Elizabeth), dated 15 January, 1583, which is headed 

" In te dne, in te drie 

speram' nos Emanuell. In diio Confido."* 

Now for the Shakespearian illustration. The "clerk" of 
Chatham is brought before Jack Cade, charged with the crime 

* The Smelting of Copper in South Wales, by Col. Grant-Francis. See also "In 
the Old Muniment of Wollaton Hall," Part II., New Review, December, 1889. 


of being able to read and write and cast accompt. The enor- 
mity of these charges was further enhanced by his name. 

" Cade. What is thy name, sirrah ? 

Clerk. Emanuel. 

Cade (reflecting). They use to write it at the head of letters. 
'Twill go hard with you." 

Having thus treated of the use of Psalm xi. i., we turn to the 
essence of the rebus, the bird with Jre (den) over it. Now those 
versed in ornithology may scrutinize the feathered biped 
diligently. It rather resembles the little birds in a child's 
"Noah Ark," but it is meant for a culver, or pigeon, and thus 
the riddle of the rebus was read. 

A rebus is a picture-riddle, such as an Ash-tree on a Tun for 
Ashton, a Mill on a Tun for Milton, &c. The difficulty of, 
producing a " den " must be the composer's excuse for not 
completing his rebus. 

The word " culver " for a wood-pigeon or dove is no doubt a 
corruption from colinnba, and was apparently not extinct in the 
west of England at the end of the last century. I must linger 
a little over this delicious old English word. We find it in the 
Blickling Homilies* not later than A.D. 971, where our Lord 
addresses the Virgin Mary as " min culufre." In a Bestiary of 
the thirteenth centuryf we have a lesson drawn from the nature 
of the bird. 

*' Natura columbe et significacio 

D« culuer haueth costes gode 

alle we.s ogen to hauen in mode." 
" The dove has habits good, 

All we-them ought to have in manner." 

Dan Michel in his Ayenbite of Inwyt% (Remorse of Cons- 
cience) speaks of our Lord as " that coluerhous," wherein the 
mild-hearted may rest, about a century afterwards. The rustic 
glossaries know the word. They are referred to in my Church 
Bells of CambridgeshireW, with the old Kentish word culverkeys 

* E. E. T. S , p. 157. 
' t Old English Miscellany, by Dr. R. Morris, E. E. T. S., p. 25. 

X Reprint (1S88), E. E. T. S., p. 162. 
II P. 43. 


for cowslips, and that it is "quite classical " (as Andrews en- 
couragingly backs up a seemingly dubious word in his Latin 
dictionary) will be acknowledged by all who reverence Edmund 
Spenser as the poets' poet." The word occurs in the Faerie 
Queene, in Sonnet 38, and in Teares of the Muses, 1. 245. 
William Culverden's will is given at length in my Clinrch Bells 
of Cambridgeshire* He describes himself as " citezen and 
brasier of London, and parishoner of the parishe of Sanct 
Botulph without Algate of London," the old foundry parish. 
He seems to have been a lone man, there being no mention of 
father or mother, wife or children. The guild-brethren of the 
brotherhood of Jesu within the church of S. Botolph, Aldgate, 
and of the guild of our blessed lady of Boston are to be paid 
up for the year, and if his assets suffice for the purpose, 33^'. %d. 
is bequeathed to the Abbey of Westminster "where I was 
brought upp in my youth." 

From the special mention of the Boston guild it may be 
conjectured that Culverden (like the author of this book) was 
born " under the Stump." The Guild of the Blessed Mary was 
the Gilda Mercatoria of Boston, and the earliest mention of it 
is in 1393, when a Patent grant was issued to it. The present 
Hall used by the Boston Corporation is the Hall of this Guild. 
It was no small matter to belong to this Guild, considering the 
"jolly pardons," which according to Foxe were renewed to it by 
Pope Julius H. through Thomas Cromwell, in 15 10. 

The strange story of Cromwell's " gelly junkets " and their 
effect on Julius H. may be read in Foxe's Acts and Momiments, 
or in Pishey Thompson's History of Bosto}i.-[ 

Culverden's leasehold property in " Houndisdich," and his 
" belmolds and implements w* all other stuffe w'in the said 
house, grounde, and shedds necessarye and belonging to the 
crafte or science of Belfounders or brasiers," were to be sold to 
Thomas Lawrence, the lease for x marcs a year, the goods for 
£120, but no arrangement could be come to, the executors 
renounced the will, and letters of administration were granted 
to two of them. Sir Roger Preston, clerk, and John Ryon, 

* Pp. 44, &c. + Pp. 74, &c. 


fruiterer. Thomas Lawrence was one of the witnesses to the 
will, and another was John Tynny. I wish we had a bell of 
Lawrence's in Suffolk, but though he is known at Margaretting, 
Essex, and at Kingston, Cambridgeshire, his gridiron does not 
appear within our borders. He died in Norwich in 1545. It is 
probable that John Tynny is identical with John Tonne, about 
whom a good deal has to be said hereafter. 

I have now brought the Metropolitan founders whose bells 
occur in Suffolk down to the time of the Reformation, when 
there comes such a vast break-up of ideas and general cleavage 
in English life that I purpose to turn back and again follow the 
stream of time. I took King's Lynn (Bishop's Lynn, it was 
more commonly called at that time of day) first, because 
Suffolk has only one Lynn bell, and that a very early one. 
Now, having exhausted my London list, I will return to Norfolk, 
and discuss the very large company of bells from the Norwich 
mediaeval foundries. After that I will come to the solitary 
Suffolk centre of that time, Bury S. Edmund's, and then having 
picked up some very remarkable waifs in the county, our 
threads will all be joined in one loop, and we can start fair for 
our post-Reformation annals. 

The lion's share in Suffolk mediaeval bells is taken by the 
city of Norwich, from which we have more than a hundred bells, 
about two-thirds of the number in Norfolk. Outside the two 
counties they are very rare. I cannot trace anything in Suffolk 
to the William " Brasiere de Notyngham," admitted to the 
freedom of Norwich in 1376, and mentioned in the Cambridge- 
shire book*, nor to John Sutton *' Belleyeter," admitted in 1404 ; 
but Thomas Potter of the same year, or his successor, Richard 
Baxter, may claim the Clock-bell, probably the Sance-bell, at 
Cratfield,t the third at Somerleyton, the second at Ampton, and 
the fifth at Market Weston. The latter cast two bells for 
Mettingham College in 1416-17. The pot (fig. 46) on the 
Market Weston bell seems appropriate to Potter, but the initial 

* P. 13. 

t This was discovered by my young friends, E. St. Lo Malet and W. W. Channell. 



cross (fig. 47), and lion's head (fig. 48), do not seem exclusively 

Fig. 46. 

Fig- 47- 

Fig. 48- 

The Cratfield Clock-bell, with its dedication to the Virgin 
"^ tttirgtnis OSgrcgie '^ Macat (Kampana iRaric, bears also the 
words, ^rej for Wljt ^oh (Bi Milliam ^Icgs. No will under 
this name appears in the Ipswich Registry, which begins in 
1444 ; and we may safely assume this bell to be of an earlier 

There are certain points of union between these men and the 
Brasyers, but before we can touch on the latter great family a 
curious little group comes across our way, which from the 
locality of the bells can hardly be assigned to any place but 

It consists of the Frostenden and Ellough trebles, and the 
third at Southelmham S. James, to which might have been 
added the old second at Gorleston. The maker of these bells, 
whoever he was, seems to have lived about the middle of the 
fifteenth century. He is only found in North-east Suffolk and 
East Norfolk (Caister by Norwich, Gillingham, Lessingham, 



Mundham, Rockland All Saints, and VVramplingham), and gives 
sometimes the name of the donor, as JOHAnnGS BI^OYH at 
Southelmham S. James, and GDmYHDYS noi\mAn at Lessing- 
ham. The latter seems identical with a certain Edmund Norman, 
lord of Filby, who died in 1444, though his name is only con- 
nected with the parish through one John Norman, a son of 
Henry Norman, a villain of the manor of Lessingham, who had 
a royal license to be presented to any ecclesiastical benefice, 
notwithstanding his villanage, in 1435. On the Gorleston 
second was a good piece of old English, 

-J- I Am : mAD : lU i THG \YOI\DCHGPG i OB THG j 

This bell was also naturally dedicated to S. Nicholas, hanging 
as it did in so prominent a sea-mark as Gorleston tower. Now, 
to revert to the connection between Potter and Baxter on the 
one part, and the Brasyers on the other, we have a connecting 
link in the Fressingfield tenor, the largest " Norwicher" in the 
county, though hard pressed in size by the Eye seventh. This 
fine old bell bears for initial cross fig. 49, and the lion's head, 

Fig. 49. 

fig. 48, which seem to belong to the earlier men, but withal 
the shield, fig. 50, which has a later appearance, being more 
strictly heraldic than fig. 51. When earlier and later signs are 
combined the later of course wins the day, and thus I dare not 



Fig. 50. 

Fig. 51. 

Fig. 52. 

ascribe to my own tenor a date earlier than c. 1460, which makes 
it somewhat earh'er than magnificent carving on the benches, one 
of the bench-ends bearing the initials a p, apparently for Alicia 
de la Pole, Countess of Suffolk, widow of the beheaded Duke 
William, and grand-daughter of the poet Chaucer. It seems 
certain, from the evidence of the Paston Letters, that she was in 
residence at Wingfield Castle at this time. But whatever may be 
the exact date of the Fressingfield tenor, the connection of the 
marks is obvious. The inscription is unique : -5- Scorum i^mtii. 
^angamu* Cantica Uaul)ts{. 

The bells of the Brasyers swarm all over the county, from 
Bradwell to Stanningfield, from Icklingham to Wherstead, and 
being as remarkable (dr beauty as for number, I am going 
somewhat minutely into their history 


^'ig- 55- 

J-'g- 54- 

F.g. 56. 

F'5- 57- 

Fig- 55^. 

Fi^. 59. 

Fi '. 60. 




The brass of Robert Brasyer, the first known of the name, is 
in St. Stephen's, Norwich, and the accompanying engraving 
(fig. 53) gives his efifigy. The following is the inscription on 
the brass, which is a double one : — 

© bos omed pfctura* tftag intucnlcg Deuotas aiO Dfu ffutilte fxtcti p' (atabj) 
Moberti 33ra$scr tftt ciuitatud quontia ^Itiermani et matons ct crUtiane bp 
dug. ^uib3 requU cUrnam lionet licug. ^men. 

fig- 53. 

He combined the business of a mercer with that of a founder ; 
and his son, Richard Brasyer, is entered as a goldsmith as well 
as a founder. The will of the latter was proved in 1482, by his 
son, also Richard Brasyer, who died childless in 15 13. Of these 
men, Robert Brasyer was Mayor in 1410, Richard Brasyer the 
elder in 1456 and 1463, and Richard Brasyer the younger in 
1 5 10. No one can see the lettering of the Norwich bells, of 
which I give examples (figs. 54 — 60), without being struck by 
its great beauty. The inscriptions are generally in hexameters 
with an initial cross (fig. 61) and a lion's head (fig. 62), for stop 
at the place of the rhyming word. 



Fig. 62. 

A more unexpected quarter for light to arise from in the 
history of a mediaeval foundry than an Appeal Case in the 
House of Lords in 1881 can hardly be imagined. Yet so it has 
come about, and the relations of Richard Brasyer the elder to 
the town of Mildenhall in Suffolk have received illumination 
from the case of Mackay v. Dick, through the black-letter lore 
of Lord Blackburn. 

Dick and Stevenson were engineers who invented a " steam 
navvy." Mackay, a contractor, purchased it conditionally, and 
alleged that it proved a failure. They for their part declared 
that it had not been tried fairly according to agreement. After 
divers appeals, the case came before the House of Lords, who 
decided for the respondents, Dick and Stevenson. Lord Black- 
burn, in delivering his opinion, quoted the case of the men of 
Mildenhall against this Norwich founder, Richard Brasyer the 
elder, in 1469. Let us look into the matter, as we have in 
existence one Mildenhall bell, anterior to the time, and other 
collateral matter. 

The little town of Mildenhall had an abundant share in the 
prosperity of East Anglia in the early part of the fifteenth 
century, and the north-west corner parish of Suffolk was united 
closely to London by the twofold Mayoralty of Sir Henry 
Barton, citizen and skinner, the father of the public lighting of 
the metropolis. Barton, a native of Mildenhall, or perhaps of 
the adjoining village of Barton Mills, which yet contains a 
beautiful specimen of domestic architecture of that time, was 


Lord Mayor in 1416 and 1430. His tomb still remains in 
Mildenhall Church, as well as a Font, bearing his arms and 
those of the City of London. 

Great improvements appear to have taken place in Mildenhall 
in these days. A market-cross was erected, as well as the fine 
tower of the parish church, which was surmounted by a leaden 
spire, of somewhat the same character as those at Brandon and 
East Harling, making it a grand land-mark for many miles in 
the open heaths and fens of the district. The bell-frame, a 
great portion of which still remains, with the windlass for getting 
the bells into position, is rather earlier than the tower. This 
may be a surprise to some, but the fact that these frames are 
bolted together by wooden pins, so long that they could not 
have been driven in after the walls were built, is conclusive. It 
seems to have been the usual procedure. 

There were five bells, if we may judge from the construction 
of the frame. Of these one remains, the original second, I 
believe, dedicated to S. John the Baptist, and another, the 
original treble, dedicated to S. Mary Magdalene, was recast in 
i860. They have been already mentioned in the list of John 
Danyell's bells, though at one time, with less complete informa- 
tion than that which we now have, we were inclined to attribute 
them to Richard Hille. Though they must have been large, 
heavy bells, I do not think that they were remarkable for good 
tone. That recast in i860 had a very "panny" sound, and the 
ringers forty or fifty years ago had such a hatred to their old 
fifth (the original second, as I think, and now the sixth) that 
they tried to split it by ringing it with a rope strained round the 
sound-bow. It resisted their kindly intentions, but possibly 
they would have succeeded with a chain instead of a rope. 

Good or bad, by 1469 not only were their makers dead, but 
also the successful Henry Jurden. Another Mildenhall Lord 
Mayor, Sir Thomas Gregory (145 1), if living must have been 
advanced in life, and the London connection was weakened. 
Meanwhile the Norwichers are carrying matters with a high 
hand in East Anglia, and in some way or other the great bell 
of Mildenhall was broken as early as 1464, when William 
Chapman of that parish bequeathed ten marks for its repair. 


Who shall do the work ? Norwich influence prevails, and the 
men of Mildenhall make an agreement with Richard Brasyer to 
bring him '" le graund bell de Mildenhall," which was to be 
weighed in their presence and recast " de ce faire un tenor pour 
accorder in tono et sono a les auters belles de Mildenhall." 
But somehow there was a failure, and they went to law. 

The scene is worth dwelling upon. Danby, C. J.,* is presiding 
in the Court of Common Pleas, his puisne brethren being 
Choke, Lyttleton.f Moyle, and Needham. Two eminent Ser- 
jeants are retained, Genney for the plaintiffs and Pigot for the 
defendant. They are both well known in the Paston Letters, 
where J there is a bill of costs in the case of Calle v. Huggan 
with " wyne and perys," quite in the style of Solomon Pell ; and 
Genney became a Judge of the King's Bench in 148 1, The 
men of Mildenhall and Richard Brasyer must have found their 
purses lighter at the end of the performance. 

The defendant is sued on his obligation. He does not deny 
that the bell was brought to his house, but he says that it was 
not weighed nor put into the furnace according to the inden- 
ture. Thereupon Serjeant Genney says that it is not a good 
plea, because defendant ought to have weighed it and put it in 
the furnace. The indenture certainly, he added, did not specify 
who was to weigh it, but it was clear that this was part of the 
occupation of the. founder, and it might be understood that he 
was to carry it out. The learned Serjeant then drew a parallel 
case of a tailor and his customer. Suppose a tailor is under 
bond to me, on condition that if I bring to his shop three ells of 
cloth it shall be cut out and he shall make me a gown, then it is 
not for him to plead that the cloth was not cut out, for it is his 
business to cut it out. To this Choke, Lyttleton, and Moile 
agreed, Choke adding that the indenture expresses that it is to 
be weighed and put in the furnace in the presence of the men of 
Mildenhall, which showed that they were not to do it. Need- 
ham, however, held that they could have as well weighed it as 

* Appointed 1461. 

t Appointed 1466. Author of the Treatise on Tenures. 

i in., 25. 


the defendant could have weighed it, that part of the affair 
requiring no special skill, and he also called up an imaginary 
tailor, the counterpart of Serjeant Genney's. 

The truer parallel, said Justice Needham, would be the 
measuring and making up the cloth, not the cutting it out and 
making it up, and if the bond did not specify who was to 
measure it, the party to whom the bond was given ought to do 
so. However, as to the casting, he agreed with the other 
judges. Then uprises Serjeant Pigot for the defendant, reason- 
ing on the bond somewhat in the style of the proceedings in the 
well-known case of SJiylock v. Antonio. A bond, says he, means 
what it says. The weighing comes first, and the casting after- 
wards. Brasyer could not recast the bell till it had been 
weighed. The bond says that it is to be weighed in the presence 
of the men of Mildenhall, and they might have made other 
men weigh it. Chief Justice Danby's common sense puts all 
this aside. The substance of the bond was the casting of the 
tenor, the weighing being a mere accident. It is not in accor- 
dance with our ideas to find the counsel for the plaintiffs 
speaking after the Chief Justice, but Genney being a Serjeant 
was a brother, and he adds another case in point. 

Suppose, says he, that a bond said that my son should walk 
to a certain church to marry your daughter, and that instead of 
walking he rode {chavancha) or was carried in a litter {cii braces), 
this accidental deviation would not forfeit the bond, the sub- 
stance of it, the marriage, having been completed.* 

* I regret that in my Supplemental paper on the Church Bells of Norfolk I was 
misled by the published report of this case, which differs materially from that in the 
Year Books, as here supplied to me through the kindness of Mr. Amherst D. Tyssen. 

Year Book, Edw. IV. Anno. IX. E T case 13. 

En det sur obligac le def. pled' un endenture, s. q le 

In debt on a bond the defendant pleads an Indenture according to which 
grand bell de Mildenhall S5ra cary al meason le defend' en Norwich, 

the great bell of Mildenhall shall be carried to the house of the defendant in Norzuich 
al costes des hommes de Mildenhall x la serra wey x mis en few 

at the costs of the men of Mildenhall and there shall be weighed and put in the furnace 
in prtEsentia hominum de Mildenl^al, x donq5 le def. de c doit faire un 
in the presence of the men of Mildcnhal and then the defendant if it should make a 



Thus the IMildenhall folk won the day, but the tower long 
remained tenor-less. Henry Pope, whose family had for many 
years possessed the manor of " Twamil," now Wamill, in 1 5 30 
bequeathed £t, los. " towarde the makyng of the gret belle. 
be payde by the hands of. ..Thomas Larke whansoever the town 
doo go abowght the making thereof." 

tenor p accordef in tono iSt" sono a les auters belles de Mildenhal, &c., qiiod 
tenor to agree in note and sound with the other bells of Mildenhall, etc., that then 
tu7K obligatio, p nulla habeatur ^c. x dit q le dit bell' ne fuit pas weye 
the obligation should be deemed void, etc. , and says that the said bell was not weighed 
ni mise en few accordant al endenture, xc j"f'g? si 

or put in the J u mace according to the indenture, etc. {prays) judgment if the 
action will lie, 

^ Cenney. Ceo n'est pice, car le def. duist 

(Plaintiff's Counsel). That is not a {good) plea, because the defendant ought 

aver wey c x mis en few, car il n'est pas mis en certein en 

to have weighed it and put it in the furnace, because it is not mcuie certain by 

I'endenture q doit weyer, donq, il S5ra entend' q cesty q ad le 
the indenture who ought to weigh it, then it shall be understood that he who had the 
conning5 de c faire, on a q occupation appent de c faire, doit c faire, xc. x icy 
skill to do it, or whose business it is to do it ought to di> it, and here 

appiert q le defend, est le Brasier q duist faire le bell' issint il 
it appears that t/te defendant is the Brasier who ought to make the bell, therefore it 
appertient a son occupation de c faire, xc. come si un Tailour soit oblige a moy sur 
appertains to his business to do it as if a tailor is bound to me on 

condic ~ jeo port a son shoppe iii. ulnes de cloth le quel sjra shape, x 
condition that I bring to his shop 3 elks of cloth 7vhich shall be cut out, and 
si le Tailour fait a moy un gown de c q adonqi oblig^i S5ra avoid, x sir ore 
if the tailor fnakes me a go7un of it that then the bond shall be void, and 
il n'est mis en certein q doit shape le cloth, x p c il S5ra 

it is not rendered certain luho ought to cut out the cloth, and for this reason it shall be 
entend' q le Tailour c doit faire car il ad le conning de c faire, issint icy, 
held that the tailor shotdd do it, because he had tlie skill to do it, therefore here 
quod Choke, Littleton, &' Moile concesser, df Choke dit auxi, I'endenture voiet, 
which {three of the judges) agreed and Choke said also, the indenture expresses 
in prcEsentia hominum de Mildenhal S3ra wey x mis en few, x 

in the presence of the Men of M. it shall be weighed and put in the furnace, and 

c S3ra entend p auters quant il voet q S3ra fait en lour presence, 

that shall be held by others when it expresses that it shall be done in their presence, 

X il ne poit esti'e entend p nul aut forsq5 p def. p que, xc. 

and it cattitot be understood to mean by any others than the defendant, wherefore, etc. 

IT Neddam. Le pi. poet auxbien weier le bell' come poit le def. 

{One of the judges). The plaintiff can as well weigh the bell as can the defendant 


It seems impossible to refer either to the elder Richard 
Brasyer, or to his successors, Richard Brasyer the younger, and 
Thomas Barker, any special bells, unless we have better evi- 
dence than marks and lettering to support our classification. 
No doubt the sprigged shield is less heraldic in its character 
than that with an ermine feld, but the ermine shield is found 

X auxi grand conning ad, donq3 qiit chose est reherse en le condition 
and had as great skill then 2vhen a thing is stated in the condition {of the bond) 
d'estre fait, le quel poet auxibii estre fait p Tun com p Tauter, Tun ad auxi 

to be done 'which can as well be done by one as by the other, and the one has as 
bon conning come I'aut x n'est pas mis en certein ~ duist ' faire, cesty a 
good skill as the other, and it ts not rendered certain who ought to do it, he i o 

q I'oblig^ est fait doit le faire. Come si un soit oblige a moy sur condic 
whom the bond is made ought to do it. As if one is bound to fne on condition 

4 si jeo port draps a luy, le q P3ra measure la, s'il fait a moy 

that if I take cloth to him which shall be measured there, and if he makes me 
un gowne dec q adonq5 1'oblig^ S5ra voide, xc. icy n'est mis en certein 

a gown of it that then the bond shall be void, etc., here it is not rendered certain 

q doit measure les draps, x p c q jeo say auxbien measurer come le 
who ought to measure the cloth, and because I know as well how to measure as the 
def. en c case il covient a moy de faire c, x issint icy, xc. mes a mett le 
defendant, in that case it lies on me to do it, and therefore he7-e, etc. but to put the 
beir en few c appertient al artificer per q come ad estre dit il 

bell in the furnace that belongs to the xuorkman 7ohe-cfore as has been said he 
duist faire c, 
ought to do it. 

^ Pigot. Un fait S5ra pris p entendmt, eins p les parolx, 

{Counsel for defendant). A deed shall be taken to mean what the words say 

X icy p les parolx il n'est tend^ de faire le belT tanq5 que il soit wey, car 
and here by the words he is not bound to make the bell imtil it is weighed because 

les parolx sont ^f" tunc defend. fac, xc. Et auxi comt q le fait 

the words are '■^ and then the defendant make,'' etc. And also in as much as the deed 

voit in prcEsentia hominnm de M. issint puissent faire auters homes de 
expresses in the presence of the men of M., therefore they may make other men 
weier c en lour presence. 
weigh it in their presence. 

IT Dajiby. ' S'il mist tout le bell' en few 

{Chief Justice of the Common Pleas). If he put the whole bell in the furnace 

sans weier c x ad fait un bell' disaccord' a les auters, n'ad il 
without weighing it, and had made a bell out of tune with the others, would he not 

p forfeite I'oblig^ : il appiert " le cau^e del fesans de I'oblig^ fuist jj c 
have forfeited the bond: it appears that the cause of the making of the bojid was in order 

q il ferroit a eux un suffic belle, xc. x c covient il meint, x nemy 
that he should make them a sufficient bell, etc., and that lies on him now, and it ts no 


on the Fressingficld tenor with earher stops, and portions of the 
alphabet, which seem to belong to the infancy of inscriptions, 
are found at Barsham with the sprigged shield, and at Bradwell 
(tenor) with the ermine. False classification is far worse than 
none. I will confine myself, therefore, to sorting out the in- 
scriptions, and then deal with extraneous evidence which we 
may have about special bells. 

The Salutation to the Virgin occurs only on 

Honington, second, 

Saxham, Little, treble, and 

Stanningfield, second. 

Bells bearing the Salutation were used for the Angeiiis, as 
also would be those thus inscribed : — •. 

-5- ?^ac In Conclabf. (©abrifl f2unc ^ange <Suafac. 

travers, adire q le belle fuist car? a luy a les costes d'un estrange home, x 
traverse to say that the bell was brought to him at the cost of a stranger, and 

nemy al costes des homes de M. xc. Car c n'est pas le substance de 

ttot at the cost of the men of iM., etc. Because that is not the substance of the 



\ Genney. Si jeo soy oblige deamesner mon fits a tiel lieu, x 

{Plaintiffs counsel.) If I am bound to take my son to a specified place, atd 

4 il iIlonq5 alera a tiel Esglise p espous5 vre file, en eel case 
that he thence shall walk to a specified church to ma>-?y your daughter, in such a case 

s'il espousa \re file la, comt q il chavaucha al Esglise, ou fuit 

if he m.arries your daughter there, although he rode to the chtirch, or was 

port en braces, unc c ne forfeit mon oblig;^ x unc I'obligj^ voet 

carried in braces,* yet that does not forfeit my bond, and yet the bond expresses 

qu'il alera al Esglise, xc. mes i: n'est le substance del bond' eins q 

that he shall walk to the church, etc., but that is not the substance of the bond as that 
il espousera vie file, c est le substance, xc. (Case Fogassa, Com' 15 )t 
he shall marry yout daughter that is the substatice. 

^ Choke, Lytlleton, ]\Ioyle, Needham, and Danby were the judges of the Common 
Pleas in 1469, Danby being chief justice. There were no judges named Genney or 
Pigott, so they must be counsel, and it is clear which was on which side. 

* Braces, according to Johnson's Dictionary, may mean stout leathern bands put 
under a carriage on wheels — evidently to answer the purpose of springs. It may also 
mean arms, or armfuDs. 

t The reference Case Fogassa, Com' 15, is to p. 15 of the Commentaries or reports 
of Plowden, where the Mildenhall case is cited with approval, and very fully stated in 
a case of Reniger v. Fogossa, argued on Feb. 8, 4 Edw. VI. 


(In this chamber, Gabriel, now sound sweetly), viz. : — 

Bradwell, treble, 

Fornham, All Saints, third, 

Homersfield, tenor, 

Melton, second, 

Ottley, fourth, 

Playford, treble, 

Reydon bell, 

Somerleyton, fifth, 

Uggeshall bell, to which might have been added 

Brandon, treble, 

Bruisyard, tenor, 

Weston, Coney, an old bell, 

Herringswell, tenor ; 

Also two inscribed : — 

-^ i^t£i5u5 lit Cclis. f^abro l^omcn ffiabriclig. (I have the name 
of Gabriel sent from heaven. The proper form, as occurring in 
the Midlands, is Missi, not Miss2is), viz. : — 

Martlesham, treble, 

Saxham, Little, second ; 
and the old treble at Flixton, and second at Pettaugh, bearing 
an inscription which belongs largely to the Western counties, 

^ iWi^SuS ITtro ^ie. ffiabrtel iFcrt ilfta i*larte.* (Now Gabriel, 
being sent, bears joyful tidings to Holy Mary) where " vero " 
corresponds to " autem " in the Vulgate, S. Luke ii. 26. 
Perhaps an illiterate reference to the same text may have pro- 
duced the error in the previous inscription. Stonemasons at 
the present day do not always deal skilfully with the Authorised 
Version. We will speak of the Angehis bell under mediseval 

Other inscriptions relating to the Virgin Mary are -5* CelfSti 
iWanna, ^ua i^tolcs flog Cibct 3nna. (May thy offspring, Anna, 
feed us with celestial manna) which is found on 

Blakenham, Great, treble. 

Cotton, fourth, 

* The sixth at S. Giles*, Norwich, bears this inscription. 


Crctingham, fourth, 

Rishangles, fourth. 

-*• XKtrgims C?gcfgtc. 2Fofor ClTampana i^am. (I am called the 
bell of the Glorious Virgin Mary) seems pretty well an exclu- 
sively Norwich inscription, occurring on 

Finningham, second, 

Icklingham, All Saints, second, 

Linstead, Great, bell, 

Risby, treble, 

Somerleyton, fourth, 

Stonham, East, fourth, to which in former days might have 
been added Saxstead tenor ; and finally, 

+ 5um liosa ^ulgata. itlunlii i«ada IcTocata. (I am, when rung, 
called Mary, the Rose of the world), on the tenors at 



Ipswich S. Laurence. 

This appears to have been an epigraph peculiarly applicable 
to tenors, from the local pronunciation " Roose," but it is 
recorded as on the old second at Brandon. 

The whole company of the Faithful we find commemorated 
in a somewhat common-place hexameter : — 

^ ?^fc ipit Sanctorum. (Campana HauOc ItJonorum. (This bell is 
made in the praise of good saints), which is on 

Charsfield, second, 

Cransford, second, 

Glemham, Great, treble, 

Rishangles, treble, and was on 

Herringswell, second. 

A line of more force and more dubious theology is on the 
Fressingfield tenor, 

"*■ Sanctorum iHcdtis. i^angamug Cantica HauDls. (Let us sound 
songs of praise by the merits of the saints. It may be " to the 
merits." Bold is he who dogmatises on mediaeval Latinity). 

The Archangel Michael we might expect to find on bells 
used as " soul-bells," answering to our " death bell," rung, how- 
ever, before the latest travail of man on earth. The hexameter, 


+ Quids MiMo iWcHs. €ampana Vocot iWic&atlis is on 

Brundish, second, 

Charsfield, fourth, 

H aches ton, third, 

Kirkley bell, 

Mendlesham, second, 

Soham, Monk, third, 

Spexhall bell, and formerly on 

Campsey Ash, second, and 

Herringfleet, third. 

I am much exercised as to the true meaning of this line. 
Sis^o is in some cases Cisto, perhaps a mistake for Cista, and 
Melis, an utterly abnormal form, may have lost a letter. Thus 
the line would read Diilcis Cista Mellis Campana Vocor Michaelis. 
(Box of sweet honey, I am called Michael's bell), with an allu- 
sion to the shape of a bell, and what Mr. Haweis calls a " com- 
bination hum." I am bound to admit that I can find no such 
mediaeval use of Cista, but in the Eighth-century Epinal Glossary 
the word is explained by corbes grandes, a country term for a 
large basket, and not inapplicable to a hive. 

The favourite saint of the Norwich founders is that turbulent 
patriot martyr, Thomas a Becket. The Apostle of the same 
name shrinks into insignificance in comparison with S. Thomas 
of Canterbury, as may be understood by any who will examine 
the dedications of Churches to S. Thomas ; and the merits of 
him of Canterbury are those referred to in 

-5- jlog ^Ibome iWccttis. ijiilfuamur (©auliia SuctjJ. (May we merit 
the joys of Light by the merits of Thomas !) Here follows a 
round dozen of instances : — 

Cotton, tenor, 

Elmham, South, S. George, fourth, 

Hinderclay, tenor, 

Hoxne, fourth, 

Ipswich, S. Laurence, fourth, 

I x worth, fifth. 

Melton, third, 

Ottley, fifth, 


Sapiston, fourth, 
Syleham, tenor, 
Thornham, Great, tenor, 
Wherstead, tenor, and formerly 
Bungay, S. Mary, fifth, and 
VVissett, tenor. 

No one can fail to notice that this is eminently (like Rose, 
pronounced Roose), an inscription for tenors, on account of the 
booming sound of large bells resembling the word " Tom." 
Thus we have Tom of Oxford and Tom of Lincoln, and there 
is an inscription somewhere on paper, which none of us have 
ever found on metal, " In Thome Laude Resono Bim Bom sine 
fraude," translated " In praise of Thomas I repeat. 

My Dong Ding Dong without deceit." 
S. Peter, with the line, 

-J- ^fttus at) literne. JBucat 42o3 (©auDta Wite (May Peter lead 
us to the joys of Eternal Life !) claims the following list : — 
Bradwell, second, 
Bredfield, tenor, 
Cove, South, bell, 
Covehithe, fourth, 
Dallinghoo, third, 
Hepworth, tenor, 
Mendlesham, third, 
Sibton, fourth, 
Soham, Earl, fourth 
Soham, Monk, fourth, 
Wyverstone, third. 

To S. Andrew (Petrus ante Petrum), with the line -5- ^urgumus 
Snlirca. ipamulorum ^usttpe 2Fota, (We pray thee, Andrew, receive 
the vows of thy servants,) belong 
Barningham, treble, 
Bedingfield bell, 
Brundish, tenor, 
Friston, second, 
Icklingham, All Saints, tenor, 
Peasenhall, third. 


Pettaugh bell, 

Soham, Earl, second, 

Stonham, Earl, third, 

Wenhaston, tenor, and formerly 

Flixton, second, and 

Herringfleet, second. 

S. Margaret, the mediseval Liicina, has the following, bearing 
^ dFat iWargareta. J2obtS |^ec i^uneta* Icta. (Make, Margaret, 
these offices joyful to us). 

Bungay, Holy Trinity, bell,-|- 

Dennington, second, 

Homersfield, second, 

Hoxne, fifth, 

Martlesham, second 

Thrandeston, second, 

Ufford, second, and formerly 

Herringswell, treble. 

The history of S. Katherine, and her torture on the wheel, 
appears to have suggested the appropriateness of dedications of 
bells to her. The line, 

^ SuSbemat Stgnn. Sonantibus ?^anc iSatcrtna, (May worthy 
Katherine help the givers of this bell) may be read on 

Bildeston, fourth, 

Cretingham, tenor. 

Eye, second, 

Southwold, seventh, 

Stowlangtoft, third, and formerly on 

Troston, second. This inscription has a philological value, 
as showing the pronunciation of digna, rhyming with Katerina, 
which yet survives in our condign. 

The name of S. Mary Magdalen was given with the same 
reference to benefactors : — 

-J- i9ona Jilrpenlic ^la. I^ogo iltttgDalcna i^larta. 

It remains still on 

Eye, seventh, a good bell, 

* Nescio an hie versus rectius ad campanas an ad obstetrices referatur. J. J. R. 
t Brought from some other church. 



Kelsale, seventh, 

Layham, bell, 

Melton, tenor, and was on 

Barningham, treble, 

Felsham, fifth, 

Fressingfield, fifth, 

Troston, tenor. 

S. Nicholas, as the patron Saint of sailors, we should have 
expected to find near the sea. Such, however, was not the will 
of the Norwich men. 

-J- 3)ungcw J}os CI)rl0to. <Stul)eat iiicj^olaug In Sllto (May Nicholas 
strive to join us with Christ on high !) is on 

Petistree, tenor, and 

Playford, second ; and a better-known line, 

-5- l^os Mocitt Sanctis. Jcmpec fiicDolaus hx %hii, on two hang- 
ing within earshot of each other : — 

Barningham, second. 

Market Weston, third. 

S. Edmund, especially a Patron of East Anglia, is mentioned 

Cretingham, third, 

Rishangles, tenor, 

Semer, second, with an inscription, 

+ iJHcdtis iatjmunbi. Jitmus ^ ©timtne i^unlit, which we know 
as used also at the Bury foundry. 

There are three inscriptions to S. John Baptist, 

(a) + In iHultiiS ^nm^. Mesonct ©ampana 3)o]^anni^' 

(May the bell of S. John resound for many years!) 

(b) -J- itlunetc ^aptiitr. 93cuclitctu5 ^H Cfjoru* litt. 

(May this ring be blessed, by the function of the Baptist!) 

(c) .fios ^rece iSapttstc. 3aluf»t tZTua TcTvdntta ©Ijristf. 

(May Thy wounds, O Christ, save us, by the prayer of 
the Baptist !) 

That the S. John mentioned in (a) is the Baptist is clear from 
the addition of the word ^aptigtt at Buckhorn Weston, Dorset, 
and its insertion at Beddingham and Twineham, Sussex. The 
old London founder Dawe commenced his inscription with the 


word 1Eternt«(. Later, men weighed the transitory state of things 
sublunary, and adopted the more modest In il^ultig. If we had 
not (c) to compare with (b), we might think that there was only 
a reference in (b) to the baptism of bells. There probably is 
such a reference. The limits of space will prevent our entering 
on the subject. 

(a) is on 

Barnby bell, 

Marlesford, treble 

Ufford, tenor, and formerly on 

Cransford, tenor. 

(b) is on Glemham, Great, third, and the tenors at 

Ilketshall, St. Margaret, 



(c) is only found on the Combs second. 

S. Giles is the patron Saint of Blacksmiths. His churches 
are generally in the outskirts of the town, where the smiths 
would be keeping a look-out for the wants of poor way-worn 
jades. His only Norwich bell, however, is in the midst of 
Ipswich town, the third at S. Laurence's, bearing -^ (^onitusl 6? gH)tt. 
a*ccnt){t ilD Culmina ©cli. (The sound of Giles rises to the 
vaults of heaven.) 

Two fine sentiments remain, without reference to any saint. 
-^ Jiobis ^olamcn. ©cU Bet ilcui. glmcn. Brampton tenor. 
(May God give us the solace of Heaven !) and one mixed from 
Latin and English. 

-5- In 2^eglt^ ^nD In Wio. 3laut)c5 Bco. Southwold sixth, for- 
merly, as it appears, the tenor at South Elmham All Saints, and 
Rushmere S. Michael treble, where the second word is Wiikt. 

The variety of inscriptions on the Norwich bells is thus seen 
to be very large. And from its company we may suppose the 
double dedication of the old tenor at Brandon, recorded In 
?^onorc Santti iWartc ct ^ancti ictntrrinc ITtrgines to have a Norwich 
origin. The casting of all Syntax to the winds is here remark- 

Three bells from the mediaeval Norwich foundry bear the 


names of benefactors, John Ripyng at Barnby, and John Samson 
at Hinderclay, probably ahve at the time of casting, and 
Richard Smith, of Hoxne, deceased. That the bells were dedi- 
cated to the saint whose Christian name the benefactor bore is 
disproved by the second instance. That bell-dedications do 
not accord with Church-dedications will be plain to any one 
who will study the catalogue of inscriptions at the end of the 

" The Brasyers lived," says Mr. L'Estrange,* " at the north- 
east corner of S. Stephen's parish, where, says Mackerell, ' now 
Mr. Nuthall's Brewing office is.' The triangular plot of ground 
bounded by Red Lion Street on the east and Rampant Horse 
Lane and Little Orford Street on the other two sides, in King's 
Map of Norwich, dated 1766, is marked 'Foundry' ; in Blome- 
field's plan, 1741, it is numbered 66 ; and at p. 605 he says, 'on 
the triangular Peice at Wastelgate stands a Brewhouse, where 
anciently stood (66) a Work House.' " 

The well-known shield with the three bells and the ducal 
coronet gave the name to this house in S. Stephen's, which 
Barker in his will (1538) calls " The Three Bells." The name 
was retained as late as 1670. 

Further notices of the Norwich foundry, with extracts from 
wills, &c., may be found in Mr. L'Estrange's well-known Church 
Bells of Norfolk. 

Before leaving Norwich we must treat of a group which seems 
to gravitate towards this city. As in Geology, so in Campa- 
nology, the circumstances of early observation determine names, 
and the bells in question first receiving notice at Burlingham S. 
Andrew, Norfolk, the " Burlingham " type, for want of a better, 
has become the designation of a group of bells with Longobardic 
or capital lettering, engraved in L'Estrange's Church Bells of 
Norfolk, opposite p. 80. 

There appear to be thirty-eight specimens yet remaining in 
Norfolk, and fifteen in Suffolk. None are found in Cambridge- 
shire, or further west and north ; and though Essex is nearly 

* Church Bells of Norfolk ^ pp. 30, 31. He quotes from a MS. of B. Mackerell's 
on S. Stephen's Parish, p. 35. 


Lettering, Cross, and Stop of the Burlingham Type. 



worked out none have been found there. But in Kent there is 
a considerable group, traced by Mr. Stahlschmidt to a Canter- 
bury founder, c. 1325. 

Willelmus le Belyetere, of that city, however, always uses a 
remarkable shield (fig. 6^,) which is unknown in East Anglia ; 

and in his inscriptions he never ventures beyond the Salutation 
or ora pro nobis, whereas nothing can be more remarkable than 
the variety and comparative scholarship of the inscriptions in 
Norfolk and Suffolk. 

Not that the Salutation is absent from the East Anglian 
group. We have it, more or less imperfectly, on five Norfolk 
bells, and on the Athelington treble and Swilland bell in Suffolk, 
but perfectly on the third at Southelmham S. George. Ora pro 
nobis is supplanted by some equivalent in the Suffolk specimens. 
Passages from the Vulgate appear, Psalm cl. 6, Ouinis Spiritus 
Laudet Donwiimi at Sprowston in Norfolk, and Psalm xxvii. 7, 
Dominus Sit Adjtitor Mens on the treble at Weston, Suffolk, 
and on the treble at Frettenham, Norfolk, is an apparent allu- 
sion to S. John xiv. 6. 

Sit Cunctis A nnis Nobis Via Vita Johannis. 

Knowledge of Scansion is also made manifest from the 
caesural syllable on the second at Thorpe-next-Haddiscoe, 



Ora M elite Pia Pro Nobis Virgo Maria. 

The lovers of metre probably know how rare it is to find 
attention paid to quantity in this class of composition. 

These considerations would lead us to assign a later date for 
the East Anglian group than for that round Canterbury. The 
late Mr. J. R. Daniel Tyssen assigned the middle of the fifteenth 
century as their probable period, which is confirmed by docu- 
mentary evidence giving the dates of some Norfolk towers 
containing these bells, and by the style of the fine tower of 
Laxfield, wherein is one inscribed, 

Divinum Aunxilium (sic) Maneat Semper Nobisciim. 

But there is one shield, fig. 64, which Kent and East Anglla 

Fig. 64. 

alike know. Mr. Stahlschmidt is puzzled by it, but it is ascribed 
to "King Edmond" in Harl. MS. 6163, quoted by himself, and 
indeed is tolerably well-known in all places which were connected 
with the Abbey of Bury S. Edmund's, as for instance, in the 
porch of Fressingfield Church. The rarity of these bells in 
West Suffolk, and the absence of the shield at Little Welnetham 
and Rickinghall Inferior, the nearest points to Bury, do not 
justify us in locating the foundry at that place. Moreover, that 
at Newton-next-Castleacre, Norfolk, bears a well-known Nor- 
wich shield (fig. 51), as well as a cross used by Austen Bracker, 
which also occurs on the Sotterley second, and the Sprowston 
third, Norfolk. This produces a marvellous complication which 
I must confess myself unable to solve. The old second at 


Weybread, recast by Messrs. Moore, Holmes, and Mackenzie, 
another of this type, and bearing the Salutation, was a mere 
"whited sepulchre," very fair outside, but incredibly honey- 
combed within. Per cojttra, Athelington and Weston are 
pretty little rings " maiden," and in good tune. L'Estrange* 
notes one of the recast Stuston bells, either the third or fourth, 
as having been of the same type. And thus we pass from the 
" Burlingham " group. 

* P. 80. 


Suffolk founders — Bury S. Edmund's — A joke on S. Barbara's name — 
H. S. — The Chirches — Reginald Chirche at Bishop's Stortford — His will — 
Redenhall tenor the greatest remaining work from Bury — Thomas Chirche — 
Roger Reve — The Seventh at All Saints', Sudbury — Gun-founding at 
Bury — Waifs — A Venlo bell at Whitton — A Mechlin bell at Bromenville — 
Some account of the Mechlin foundry— Gregory Pascal of Capel — The 
Tonne family — Sproughton tenor. 

At last we get to an artificer working within the limits of the 
county. We have already seen how that not only Suffolk men 
generally, but a Bury man in particular, dwelt in the 'Founders' 
Parish, S. Botolph without Aldgate, London ; but it is rather 
late in the day when we reach St. Edmund's Bury itself. 

Fig. 65. 

Fig. 66. 

The Mediaeval Bury St. Edmund's foundry has barely a 
hundred bells altogether now in existence, between fifty and 
sixty in Suffolk, eighteen in Norfolk, twelve in Cambridgeshire, 
two in Northamptonshire, one in Hertfordshire, and the rest (a 



number not as yet strictly determinable) in Essex. The shield 
(fig. 64) already mentioned, though belonging to the Abbey of 
St. Edmundsbury, does not appear to draw the bells which bear 
it to the old Suffolk capital, and our earliest certainty is the 
well-known pair (figs. 65 and 66) about which there need be no 
doubt. The greatest interest which attaches to this group of 
bells is in the evidence of gun-founding at Bury in the shield. 

The inscriptions are not remarkable for erudition, and errors 
appear to have been freely propagated. In the three East 
Anglian counties the Invocation to the Trinity is incomplete, 

Fig. 67. 

Fig. 68.* 

Fig. 70. 

Hemingstone third and Wickham Market fourth bearing ©eli 
tet JWunug -5- Caui . mcgnat . (^rinus) &t . Wimi, just like Trump- 
ington fourth and Garboldisham third, and more than three- 
fourths of all simply ©ta . i^ro . Jloli^, generally with the 

* These are rather under the actual size. 


Virgin's name. One lovely pentameter to gladden the heart of 
an old schoolmaster turns up on the Monks Eleigh fifth : — 

©ta . Haurcnti . 33ona . ©ampana . ^act 

The initial cross (fig, Gy) and stop (fig. 68) are far more 
elaborate than the lettering, of which specimens are given (figs. 
69, 70, and 71). Another stop, not engraved, is frequently used 
on smaller bells. A very plain cross is not uncommon. 

Fig. 71. 

One remarkable piece of jocularity has fortunately been pre- 
served. S. Barbara, unnoticed by the Norwichers, has a few 
Bury bells dedicated to her, 

Barton Mills, treble, 

Stanton All Saints, second, 

Bealings, Little, old second, probably, 

Stratford, S. Andrew, old tenor, certainly. 

The last of these contained the " lytyll geste," such as it is, of 
the bell-founder or his counsellor. Barbara, be it known to 
those of my readers who have never studied Logic, is the name 
of one of the Figures in that Art, as well as the name of a Saint. 
These figures are arranged in two " premises," " major," and 
" minor," and a conclusion. The vowels a, e, i, o are used to 
show whether the statements are positive or negative, universal 
or special. Thus from 

Aff Irmo, and 

we have a and i positive, e and o, negative, the first of each pair 
being universal, and the second special. So in the figure 


B'Arb Ar A, both premises and the conclusion are universal and 
positive ; and when an Act in the University was bein.sf kept, 
the figure was denoted by the side of the argument, thus : — 

B Ar All animals can feel, 
b Ar All cats are animals. 
A Ergo all cats can feel. 

Now some jocular genius has transferred Barbara on the old 
tenor at Stratford S. Andrew* from the saint to the logical 

•J- ^ancta . 23ar . 23ar . % . ©ra . ^^ro . i^obtg. 

There are only two dedicated to S. Edmund, 

Elmswell, third, 

Risby, tenor, 
which is rather surprising, and some of the inscriptions, such as 

-*• SEtrgo . ©oronata . ®uc , Mo^ . ^D . Mcgna . 33cata. 

(Lead us, crowned Virgin, to the blessed realms), on 

Rendham, third, 

Stonham, Little, third, 

Wilby, tenor. 

^ 3)oi)anncj . ©j^rtgtt . ©are . J3ignaw . pro . i^obis . orare, a 
dedication, rare in East Anglia, to S. John-the-Evangelist, on 
Halesworth sixth, and 

-5- Sbttlh . i^aria . i^atis . ^uccuctc . ^tiMima . Jlobtjj 

(Star of the sea, most holy Mary, succour us), on the seventh 
at Sudbury All Saints, are better known in VVessex than in 
East Anglia, 

Though a large number of the East Suffolk bells from the 
Bury foundry cluster round the cell of the Abbey at Monk 
Soham, yet in that parish Norwich influence was the stronger. 

It is a matter of great regret that we cannot find the name 
belonging to the initials, H. S., of the first founder who used the 
Bury shield, A good approximate date for his work is given 
by the third bell at Isleham, Cambridgeshire, which bears the 
arms of Bernard and Peyton, and a long intercessory prayer, 
addressed to the angel Gabriel, for the souls of John Bernard, 
who died in 145 1, Thomas Peyton, who died in 1484, and their 

* Fortunately preserved in a rubbing. 


wives. The Registry of the Archdeaconry of Sudbury has been 
searched in vain for his will. A Henr}^ Smyth of Bury indeed 
died in 1476, but his last will and testament* gives no indication 
whatever of metal. He left his son Galfridus (Geoffrey) ten 
shillings, and his daughter Constance ten sheep. There is a 
hiatus (valde deflendus) between the end of one book (Hawke), 
1482, and the beginning of the next (Pye), 1491. Probably the 
missing document belongs to this period. But we must not 
despair. When the archives of the Bury Corporation emerge 
from their present chaos, the names of the fabricator of bells 
and guns may also come forth. I will now give as complete an 
alphabetical list as I can of the Bury mediaevals now existing in 
Suffolk :— 

Aldham, bell, 

Barton Mills, treble, . 


Bealings, Little, second, 

Bedfield, third, 

Bradfield Combust, second, 

Bradfield, S. Clare, treble, 

Charsfield, tenor, 

Chillesford bell, 

Darsham, third, 

Dennington, treble, 


Denston, treble, 


Depden, treble, 


Eleigh, Monks, fourth, 

Elmswell, third, 

Eyke, tenor, 

Felsham, third, 

Halesworth, fourth, 


Hemingstone, second, 

* Lib. Hawke, 218 vet so. 


Hemlngstone, tenor, 

Henley, fourth, 


Hinderclay, third, 

Hollesley, second, 

Holton, S. Mary, treble, 


Ipswich, S. Helen, second, 

S. Laurence, third, 

S. Matthew, third, 

Ixworth, fourth, 

Lakenheath, Clock bell, 

Laxfield, third, 

Offton, third, 

Ottley, third, 

Rendham, third, 

Risby, tenor, 

Shelley, third, 


Shottisham bell, 

Stanton, All Saints, treble, 



Stoke Ash, third, 


Stonham, Little, fourth, 

Sudbury, All Saints, fifth, 


Tuddenham, S. Mary, fourth, 

Wattisham, second, 

Weston Market, second, 

Wickham Market, fourth, 

VVilby, tenor. 

All these bells seem to have been the work of H. S., Reignold 
Chirche, Thomas Chirche, or Roger Reve. The second died in 
1498, the third late in 1527 or early in 1528, and the last was 
living in 1533. There are no means of classifying them, and I 


have already said a good deal about the dedications. As yet 
we have lighted on no documents in the county which relate to 
them ; but something may be said about the operations of 
Reignold Chirche in Hertfordshire, of Thomas Chirche in Nor- 
folk and Cambridgeshire, and of Roger Reve in Essex. 

The reputation of the elder Chirche in 1489 induced the 
flourishing town of Bishop Stortford to trust them with the 
recasting of their five bells, and the accounts of the Church- 
wardens for that year record their costs and expenses " riding to 
Bury S. Edmund's in order to make the agreement with Reginald 
Chirche, ' bellfoundor,' for making the said bells within the time 
of the accounts this year, 4s. Sd. And paid for making the in- 
denture and obligation concerning the aforesaid agreement, 22d." 

We are gratified to find that no misadventure like that of the 
men of Mildenhall at Norwich seems to have befallen Bishop 
Stortford. " And in money paid about the carriage of the bells 
aforesaid from this town to the town of Bury S. Edmund's ; and 
for costs and expenses about the re-carriage of the said bells 
from the town of Bury aforesaid to this town this year within 
the time of the account, $2s. And likewise in money paid to 
divers men being about the trussing of the said bells in carts at 
the same time and in ' trussing lyne ' bought for the aforesaid 
carts, 3J-. 4^." Business brings business. The Stortford men 
from employing a Bury founder go on to employ a Bury smith, 
who received 2gs. for clappers. And, like founders of the present 
day, Reginald Chirche cast the brasses for the gudgeons to work 
in — at least seven out of the necessary ten, for which he received 
igs. Sd. John Thurkill had 4s. Sd. for himself and six horses 
for the carriage of the bells, and the last item is for money paid 
for the sanctification of the bells, lys. 4d. After this year come 
the instalments to Reginald Chirche, who seems to have turned 
out a respectable ring of five. The details may be read "oerbatim 
in Mr. Glasscock's Records of S. Michaels Parish Churchy 
Bishop's Stortford. 

The following extracts from the will of Reignold Chirche were 
given in my Church Bells of Cambridgeshire* but they deserve 
rehearsal here : — 

* P- 35- 


" My body to be buryed in Seynt Mary chirche, in the Ele of Seynt Pet', 
vnder the marble ston thar be me leid. To the parysshe preest of the same 
chirche to p'y for my soule, and to reherse my name in the bede rolle eu'y 
Sunday be an hooll yeer vjs. vh}d. Myn executors shall visite all the psones 
that lye sike and bedred, gevy'g eu'y pson iiij"^., or more, as they thynke 
nede. My executors to kepe a sangrede and an erth tyde yeerly for my 
soule, etc., in the chirche of our lady. To the new worke wtjn the Monast'y 
of Seynt Edm'nd, x m'rc. To the gilde of the holy name of Jhu', xs. To 
the gilde of Corpus, xpi. xiji^. To the gilde of Seynt Petyr, xij^. To the 
gilde of the Purificac'on of our lady callyd Candelmesse gilde, xxs. To the 
gilde of Seynt Margerete, iij^. iujd. To the gilde of the Decollac'on of 
Seynt John Baptist, xxd., and a cuppe of silu' called a peace.* My iij small 
ten'ntries set in Reyngate strete shall remayn to almesis housis for eu'. 
Itm. I will Avery Foppys have hir dwellyng in one of the same almesse 
housis duryng hir lyve. It'm. I will the seid Avery Foppe haue of my goods 
quarterly, xxd. as longe as she levyth, after the discresson of myn executo''s. 
It'm. I will that Alis Power haue hir dwellyng in the hous that I bought of 
hir duryng hir lyffe, and aft' hir discease I will the seid hous shalbe leten eu' 
aft' to thentent that the seid almesse housis may be repared and susteyned 
vp wt the fferme of the same hous for eu'. I will that Thomas Chirche my 
sone do make clene the grete lectorn that I gave to Seynt Mary chirche 
quart'ly as longe as he levyth." 

The greatest work now in existence which came from the 
Bury foundry is just outside the boundaries of our county, the 
tenor at Redenhall. A few words must be said about this 
magnificent bell. It must be Thomas Chirche's, bearing as it 
does the Bury marks, and dating from 15 14 or thereabouts, 
when Thomas Bayly of Harleston willed 6s. 8c/. " to the church 
of Rednall to the yotyng of the gret belle." It has been terribly 
mangled from chipping, at one time sharpened and at another 
flattened, so that from the former process its diameter has 
probably lost three-quarters of an inch. Its weight is about 24 
cwt, and none that have heard it will fail to acknowledge the 
grandeur of its tone. The following dimensions are on the 
authority of my old friend. Captain A. P. Moore, of Wey- 
bread : — 

* The readers of Shakespeare's Henry V. will remember the pax which Bardolph 
stole. A deal of needless ingenuity seems to have been spent on this passage. This 
was a "loving-cup" for the gilde. 



50'5 inches. 

Height to crown 

• 37-5 >, 

„ to top of cannons 

. 56 

„ inside 

. 37 

We have notices of Thomas Chirche's operations at King's 
College, Cambridge, in 1500, when he suppHed the College 
kitchen with sundry pots and ladles, and recast the second bell 
of their five, also at S. Mary-the-Great, Cambridge, in 15 14. 
His will, dated July 12th, 1527, contains the following extracts, 
especially interesting to Bury people : — 

" My body to be buried in Seynt Mary chirche in the Ele of Seynt Petyr', 
vnd' the ston ther be me layd. A priest to synge for my soule at the Awter 
of Seynt Thorn's, etc., for 5 years. To the seid chirche of o'r lady oon food' 
of led. To eu'y of the iiij priests that shall bere my body to chirche, xij^. 
To Margaret my wyfe, my ten't joynyng to the capitall ten't late my ffadres 
in the Southgate strete, su'tyme called Cobbold's. To Seynt Nicholas 
Gylde holdyn in the College w'thyn the seid Town of Bury a litil stondyng 

Of Roger Reve we have but little to say. He recast the 
" meane belle " (the second of three, apparently) for the parish 
church of Debden, in Essex, in 1533, and gave the usual year- 
and-day bond to William West, gentleman, William Byrde and 
Richard Hamond, " yomen," of that parish. The amount was 
£\0, which may suggest that the amount forfeited by Richard 
Brasyer in the matter of the Mildenhall tenor must have been 
at least £60, if anything like proportion was observed on 
account of the size of the bell. Reve did not guarantee his 
success at the first attempt. The Debden people were to carry 
the bell backwards and forwards as often as need should require, 
and to take it up into the steeple and set it down again "redy to 
the carte." This bond throws light on the weighing business, 
about which Serjeants Genney and Pigot argued before the 
judges of the Common Pleas in banco. Should the new bell 
weigh more than the old, the parish is to pay to the founder at 
the rate of 30X. the hundred of five score and twelve to the 

* Church Bells of Cambridgeshire, pp. 36, 37. 


hundred, but if the contrary, the founder was to pay the parish 
at the rate of 15^-. the hundred. 

Roger Reve is styled " clothcar," at which by this time we 
need feel no surprise. Mr. L'Estrange* suggested that the 
transcriber had misread a contraction of some such word as 
" clochearius," but the word is unknown, and no explanation at 
all seems necessary. The bond is given in full in my Church 
Bells of Cambridgeshire^ and in the East Anglian.^ 

The largest bell in the county from the Bury foundry is the 
seventh at All Saints', Sudbury, inscribed : — -5- ^tcUa . i^aria . 
iKacts . ^uccurre . ^iissima . i^obis. It is a fine bell, with a 
diameter of 48 inches, and weighing a ton, more or less. The 
fifth in the same tower is also from Bury, but the sixth, between 
them, is a London bell, tolerably co-eval. This is rather puzz- 
ling. Perhaps the London bell hung there by itself for a time, 
and then was joined by its two Suffolk companions, the effort 
for adding a big tenor not coming till 1576. 

I regret much that as in the case of Dawe, no old bronze guns 
have been discovered with the Bury mark. The Woolwich 
collection is certainly destitute of them. No doubt they served 
their purpose, and then went to the melting pot. It can hardly 
be thought incredible that the guns which riddled the galleys 
and galleons of the Spanish Armada, did not number amongst 
them some old campaigners which first saw the light of day at 
Bury S. Edmund's, under the approving eye of H. S., one of the 
Chirches, or Roger Reve. 

In the church of S. Mary, Bury S. Edmund's, there used to be 
a double brass, to a citizen and his wife, with bells ; the figures 
had long been removed, but the incident remained. By this 
time the stone has possibly disappeared, in the course of 
"restoration." It is pretty sure to have commemorated one of 
the artificers of whom we have been treating. 

And now having dealt with the masses we must look up the 
mediaeval waifs and strays within our borders, some of which 

* Church Bells of Norfolk, p. 63. 
t P. 37- % II-. 25- 




will turn out to be of peculiar importance. A Longobardic 
three first present themselves : — 

Ellough, treble, 

South Elmham, S. James, third, 

Frostenden, treble. 

The first bears the Salutation, the second records the name 
of the donor : — 

H- JOHADDGS : BI^OYn i mG : EGGIT \ EIGI\I, and 
the last is inscribed, 

-^ GAmPAItA omniYm SAIlCTOI^Ym, the dedication of 
the bell in this instance according with that of the church, not 
an every-day occurrence. Of the same make was the old second 
at Gorleston, appropriately dedicated to S. Nicholas, the patron 
Saint of fishermen, and with these words on the shoulder : — 

-!- I Am ; mAD •: in i yg iyoi\ghgpg : ob yg ; 


These seem to have been the work of some itinerant founder, 
roaming through East Norfolk and North-east Suffolk. There 
are seven in Norfolk, at Caister-by-Norwich, Gillingham, Les- 
singham, Mundham, Rockland All Saints, and Wramplingham. 
As we know nothing further about them we must leave them. 
The Whitton bell, inscribed abc . mavta . grada . ano . m . cccc . ilt, 
is a thing quite by itself Dates at that time of day are excep- 
tional in England, and the trefoil (fig. 72) which separates the 
words and lettering, as well as the general aspect of the bell, are 
Continental, possibly Low Country, possibly French. 

Fig. 72. 


The Flight into Egypt, The Annunciation, and a Piece of Border from 
A Mechlin Bell at Bromeswell. 

VENLO. 75 

I incline to the former theory, and from the identity of the 
lettering with that on a bell at Baschurch, Salop, I feel disposed 
to ascribe it to Jan Van Venloe. The Baschurch bell is inscribed 
^ maria . int . mt . ong . l)ccrcn . m . cccc . cnt)c . ylbii (In the year 
of our Lord 1400 and 47), with the name jan . ban . bcnloc. The 
marks at Baschurch and Whitton certainly differ, the former 
bearing an initial cross, with the Lion of S. Mark and the Eagle 
of S. John, and only a single stop between the words. But the 
lettering, the nearness of date, and the fact that the only other 
recorded bell of Jan Van Venloe's (now, alas ! recast) at Vow- 
church, Hertfordshire, bore the Salutation, turn the scale with 
me, in the absence of other evidence. The Baschurch bell is 
said to have been brought from Valle Crucis Abbey, but such 
stories are not reliable. Venlo has been the seat of important 
manufactures in metal for many centuries. 

An enthusiastic Welshman, misreading the Baschurch inscrip- 
tion, and thinking it to be in his mother tongue, rendered it into 
English : — 

" When cut off from life we become dead earth, the soul 
departs, and proceeds through the air to Eternal Glory."* 

The county is most happy in possessing one indubitable 
foreigner of a high type of beauty, the smaller of the two bells 
hanging in Bromeswell tower. I mounted this dangerous place 
on January 13th, 1870, and certainly doubted my getting down 
again alive. However, I thankfully record the preservation of 
my life, and proceed to the inscription, in Flemish, 

Jhesus ben ic ghegoten van Cornelis Waghevens int iaer ons 
Heeren MCCCCCXXX. (Jesus am I, cast by Cornelis Waghevens 
in the year of our Lord, 1530), with four medallions on the 
waist, of which facsimiles are given opposite, and a bold and 
deep arabesque border. There was formerly a bell smaller than 
this in the tower, but it fell down, was broken and sold. The 
note of this bell is C sharp, and of its companion B natural, so 
that the lost bell, if in tune, was in D sharp. 

The larger bell belongs to a Longobardic group, and is a 

• See Morris's MS. collection in the Shrewsbury Museum. 


century or two older. Flemish bells are so rare, and the later 
specimens have received such high praise at the mouth of Mr. 
Havveis, that it is not out of place to say that this one is more 
remarkable for ornamentation than for tone. 

The family of Waghevens is well known in the annals of the 
city of Mechlin, and through the kindness of the Reverend 
William van Caster, one of the Canons of the Cathedral, I am 
able to give a list of the founders bearing that name : — 

Henry, who died shortly before 1483. He was twice married, 
and had issue by the first marriage a son Henry. His second 
wife (Margaret van Belle) bore him two sons, Peter and George, 
who carried on the paternal trade from 1483 to 1530, or there- 

Simon is supposed to have been a younger brother. His 
range is from 149 1 to 15 16. Y xom Medard {ii)2\ — 1557), who 
is partly conterminous with our Cornells, came a bell at 
Herendal, not far from Mechlin, which bears a legend com- 
parable to some of the less elegant in Suffolk : — 
-J- Maria es meinen name 

Mijn gheluit sij Gode bequame, 
Also verre me mij horen sal 
Wilt God beware overal. 
Medardus Waghevens goet mi te Mechelen in stede als nien 
Mcccccxxxni. wede. 

i.e. Mary is my name, 

May my sound be agreeable to God ! 
Also whoever shall hear me 
May God preserve everywhere ! 

1530, the Bromeswell date, is the earliest for Cornells known 
to Canon van Caster. 

Jacop's earliest and latest dates are 1542 and I554- 

John, c. 1 542, was possibly a cousin. 

From Jacop Waghevens we have the tongueless bell in 
Glasgow Cathedral called the S. Catherine bell, on which the 
hours are struck, weighing about five cwt. It bears on one side 




(a) Trefoil from Whitton. 

(d) The Presentation in the Temple, from a Mechlin 
Bell at Bromeswell. 


Border and Medaluon of S. Michael and the Dragon, from a 
Mechlin Bell at Bromeswell. 


the figure of S. Catherine, and on the other the arms of MechHn, 
and is inscribed, Katherina ben ic, ghegoten van Jacop Vohag- 
hevens int iaer ons Heeren, 1554, which the reader will by this 
time be able to translate for himself. A bell discovered by my 
friend, Mr. Justice Clarence of Colombo, Ceylon, in a bell-cot at 
Nicholaston, Glamorganshire, seems to have come from the 
hands of Peter or George Waghevens, or both. There is no 
dedication, but it is simply inscribed : — Ic ben ghegoten int 
iaer ons Heeren MCCCCCXVIII. Its tone is excellent, and it 
bears two medallions. Peter Waghevens (or Waghevents) cast 
an octave of bells for Louvain in 1525. There seems to have 
been a later Jacop or Jacques, c. 1590. 

In 1 86 1, Mr. A. D. Tyssen examined, with his father, the 
bells in Mechlin Cathedral. He found three inscribed thus : — 


(2) mccstcr ggmon foagljueng gj^af mgtt accoort mcccqcbiu jitrccfncn 

(3) l^cnrtcus toagtcucn me fecit anno Domini m cccc Ivrv- 

These words are only portions of the inscriptions, and the 
bells are profusely ornamented. 

Mr. Tyssen thinks that another Mechlin bell is lurking about 
somewhere in Middlesex, 

Two bells present inscriptions in great confusion, with the 
same lettering or letterings : — 

Capel, S. Mary, tenor, 

Levington, second. 

On the former some letters are upside down, and some face 
the wrong way, while others are afflicted with both these 
maladies, and there are three distinct types, unknown to me or 
to anyone to whom I have shown them. The general character 
of the lettering is early, but when at last deciphered the inscrip- 
tion brings the date down to the later days of Henry VIII. 


Whoever the man may have been who bore this highly 
ecclesiastical name, the rector of Capel, the Rev. A. Cecil 
Johnson, found his name early in the register : — 


" Sepultura 32 Henrici Octavi. Sepultura Gregorii Pascall 
quarto die Februarii. A° p'dicto." 

The Levington bell has its inscription (to the Virgin) back- 
wards, but adds no further element of enigma. These I should 
attribute to some local hand. 

We now come to the connecting link between the ante- 
Reformation and post-Reformation bells, the members of the 
Tonne family. And here I must cast a doubt on much written 
by me in the Church Bells of Cambridgeshire about two bells at 
Wood Ditton. I read 1588 as their date, but it is more likely to 
be 1544. There appear to have been two members of the house 
of Tonne, probably brothers, often using the same mark, casting 

I-is- 7Z- 



bells about the same time. John is the man whose name more 
frequently occurs on the whole, but we have three of Stephen's 
in East Anglia, the Wood Ditton bells just mentioned, and the 
fifth at Stanstead of the same date, which bears the large French 
cross (fig. 73), known elsewhere as John Tonne's, together with 
three other marks recognizable as used by him (figs. 74, 75, 76). 

Fig. 74. 

Fig- 75- 

Fig. 76. 

I am not aware that any bell of John Tonne's is dated so late as 
1544. Most are undated, but in Sussex, where they are chiefly 
found, we find 1522 at Sullington, and 1536 at Botolph's, and at 
Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex, I read 1540, though I may be 
wrong, for the figures are very peculiar. 

On the whole I think that Stephen was the son of John, and 
identical with the Stephen Tonni, whose works we shall consider 
in the Elizabethan period. Mr. Amherst Tyssen, who knows 
more about French bells than anybody, past or present, con- 
siders these specimens as decidedly French, and that the name 
Tonne, or Tonni, is a corruption oi Antoine, like our own Tony.* 
I have already suggested that this John Tonne may be identical 
with the John Tynny named in Culverden's will. He has left 
us one little bell in Suffolk, the Clock-bell at Stoke-by-Clare, 
inscribed, -J- jturgc : mane : garbire : iDfo. (Rise in the morning to 
serve God), with a cross (fig. yj) and stop, well known as his. 
It is a rare and good inscription, occurring only once besides, 
on the third at Down, Kent, dated 1 5 1 1. Here, however, neither 

* The surname, however, is known in Suffolk in the previous century. We have 
Johes Tony instituted rector of Icklingham in 1453-4. 



marks nor lettering are John Tonne's, and I adopt the theory of 
the Kentish historian, that the bell came from some one from 
whom our man learned his business. The ornamentation at 
Down is of a foreign character. We must remember this 
inscription, for an expansion of it will come from Stephen Tonni 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth. 


Fig. 77. 

I should be inclined to class Sproughton tenor among the 
medisevals. It has four coins, apparently the reverse of a 
shilling, and some letters which may stand for I. H. I found 
the third and the " ting-tang " at Great Amwell, Hertfordshire, 
to be of the same character, but so far as I know the universe 
contains no more of them. Thus my medisevals have gone all 
over the county. They began in the north-west, and they end 
in the soiith-e^.st. 


Sance and Sacring bells —Funeral uses — Angelus bell— Curfew — Chime- 
barrels — Jack o' th' Clock. 

This discussion of the bells themselves does not release us 
from the middle ages. The reader must now be carried in 
imagination to the usages of those distant days. We must 
devote a little time to Sance and Sacring Bells, Burial uses, 
the Angelus Bell, the Curfew, the use of Chime-barrels in Tren- 
tals, and Jack o' th' Clock. 

First then, of the Sance bell, for which my readers have often 
noticed a bell-cot standing on the gable of a church nave. 

By the Constitution of Archbishop Winchelsey all that is 
required of parishes, in the way of bells, is a Handbell to be 
carried before the Host at the Visitation of the Sick, and Bells 
with ropes, which latter seem to have been for the tower alone. 
About 1367 came the Constitutions of Archbishop Sudbury, 
wherein we find the first-mentioned, together with " Handbells 
and Bells in Belfry, with cords to the same." 

By degrees the hand-bells were partly supplanted by bells 
hung in the rood-screen, of which instances remain (fig, y^) at 
Hawstead, and in Norfolk at Wiggenhall S, German's and 
Scarning, though for several purposes, of which we shall speak 
presently, the hand-bells were still required. The bell so hung 
appears to be that which is meant by a Sance, Sancts or Sanctus 
bell, for we never find this word in the plural number. The 
main use of it was to arrest attention at important parts of the 
service, and especially at the Celebration of the Eucharist, 
where it was rung at the Ter Sanctus, just before the Canon 
of the Mass. 

It appears to have occurred to some mind that this use might 




be extended for the benefit of those unable to come to church ; 
and thus in the Perpendicular period of architecture arose the 
practice of erecting a Sance-bell cot on the nave-gable. That 
belonging to my own church at Fressingfield is (fig. 79) as good 

Fig. 7S. 

an example as I can find, the spout for the rope still remaining 
in the chancel-arch, and a groove for guiding the rope till it 
would reach the hand of one standing on the floor being still 
marked in the easternmost of the south arches of the nave. 
The will of John Colmar of Fressingfield, dated 1495, bequeath- 
ing one such bell, weighing lOO lbs., gives an approximate date 



for all this work, as it would have been impossible to have 
inserted the spout into the chancel-arch after it was built. 

At Mildenhall, where there is an unusually fine Early English 
chancel-arch, there was never a sance-bell cot, but a turret on 
the north side of the arch was erected in the Perpendicular 
period for the purpose, and the mark of the rope is still plain 

Fig- 79- 

In some cases the Sanctus bell may have been hung in the 
tower, with the other bells.* The lawfulness or unlawfulness 
of such things is just the kind of question to rend a nation 
asunder, upset a throne, cause a frightful effusion of rage and 
finally of blood, and generally to do the devil's work in the 
world. There was certainly a time when they were not, so that 
it is a marvel why anyone should have been seriously injured 
for the want of them. And, on the other hand, they could have 
by no possibility propagated error, and their only function was 
that performed daily in every elementary school in the kingdom 
by the teacher's little dish-bell, the calling for silence and 
attention. A bell thus used at the Mass would be called a 

* See Church Belts of Cambridgeshire, p. 53. 


Sacring bell, whether sounded by hand or by rope ; but the 
name of Sanctus bell appears to be restricted to the latter kind. 
The smaller hand-bells are called Rogation Bells in some of 
the Essex Inventories, and were doubtless used in the parochial 
perambulations on the Rogation Days.* 

The use of the Handbell prescribed in the Winchelsey Con- 
stitutions was not the only one. When a funeral took place, a 
handbell was rung as the procession went from the abode of 
the deceased to the church. And this, which was observed at 
Oxford at the death of Dr. Radcliff,t Principal of Brasenose, 
in 1645, and is an everyday occurrence on the Continent, is a 
practice of immemorial antiquity. 

Under the Levitical Law contact with a corpse produced 
ceremonial defilement.^ The Roman Law was in some points 
more stringent still. The Flamen Dialis was not allowed to 
hear the sound of funeral pipes, and even the statues of gods 
by the roadside had their faces covered with a cloth before a 
funeral passed by.|| We have it on good authority that bell- 
men in black preceded Roman funerals,§ to prevent persons in 
authority thus being contaminated, and the same plan was 
pursued in case of those who were being led forth to crucifixion 
or public scourging. Hence appears to have sprung the custom 
of ringing a handbell before a funeral ; and no doubt one of 
those which we find in the parish inventories of the reign of 
Edward VL, was used for the purpose. 

The other burial customs which we find prevalent seem to be 
of later origin, the Soul bell, and bells during Thirty-days and 
other commemorations, and at Earth-tides. The first requires 
no treatment from me, having received such abundant illustra- 
tion in the histories of Bells of other countries. 

The best instance for the latter in our county will be from the 

* Transactions of the Essex Archceological Society^ vol. ii., part iii., New Series, 
pp. 223, etc. 

t N. and Q., HI., 297. 

X Lev. xxii. 4. Numb. xix. il. 

II Festus on Aulus Gellius, Nodes Atlica, x. 15. 

§ Suidas and Gul. Budseus, quoted by Hieronymus Magius, c. x. 


will of John Baret of Bury S. Edmund's, who died in 1463, and 
is buried in S. Mary's Church in that town. I make no apology 
for inserting his epitaph, which has a noble ring in its sound, 
and serves to bring the man before us. The will may be read 
in full in Mr. Tymms's well-known Wt//s and Inventories^ from 
the Registers of the Covimissary of Bury St. Ednitind's and the 
Archdeaconry of Sudbury. 

" He that will sadly behold me with his ie 
John Maye see his own Merowr and lerne to die. Baret 

Wrappid in a schete, as a full rewli wretche, 
No mor of al my minde to me ward will streche, 
From erthe I kam and on to earth I am brought, 
This is my natur : for of erthe I was wrought, 
Thus erthe on to erthe tendeth to knet, 
So endcth ech creature : doeth John Baret. 

" Wherefore ye pepil in waye of charitie, 
With your goode prayeres I pray ye help me. 
For such as I am : right so shalle ye al bi 
Now God on my sowle : have merci and pitie. 

" Amen." 

His directions are most ample. The two bellmen that went 
about the town at his death were to have gowns, and to be two 
of the five torch-holders, for which they were to have twopence 
and their meat, the Sexton receiving twelve pence and his 
bread, drink, and meat. At the " yeerday," the bellmen were 
to receive fourpence each for going about the town to call on 
the inhabitants to pray " for my soule and for my faderis and 

The *' Thirty day " (which may spring from the thirty days' 
mourning for Moses and Aaron,)t is well-known for its Trehtal 
of Masses, always of course thirty in number, but varying in 
detail from time to time. Our concern with them is limited to 

• Pp. 17, &c. 

t Deut, xxxiv. 8. Numb. xx. 29. 


the use of bells. We find bellmen employed on the " Thirty 
day," which seems equivalent to another well-known expres- 
sion, the " Month's Mind." All the good people of Bury, 
however, were not of the same opinion as John Baret. John, 
Coote, for instance, " will neyther ryngyn nor belman goynge," 
but his almsgivings and dinners on his Thirty-day to be " don 
in secret manner." 

Joan Mason, widow, of Bury, in 1510, directed the " bellemen 
to go abovvte the paryssh," at her anniversary and earth-tide to 
"pray and rehcrse the sowles " of all the persons she recited. 

Another remarkable custom was the sounding by means of a 
Chime-barrel the Requiem Eternam, which, as may be seen, 
ranged only over five notes. John Baret, of whom we have 
spoken, makes special arrangement for this music during his 

" Itm I wil that the Sexteyn of Seynt Marie chirche hawe at 
my yeenday xijd. so he rynge wil and fynde breed and ale to 
his ffelashippe, and eche yeer what tyme my yeerday fallyth 
that at twelve of the clokke at noon next be forn my dirige he 
do the chymes smythe Requiem eternam and so to contynue 
seven nyght aftir tyl the Vtas* of my yeerday be passyd and at 
eue' lenton Requiem eternam and in lykvyse such day as God 
disposith for me to passe I wil the seid chymes smyth forthwith 
Requiem eternam and so day and nyth to c5tynwe with the 
same song tyl my xxx*'' day be past for me and for my freends 
that holpe therto with any goods of here. Itm I wil geve and 
beqwethe yeerly to the Sexteyn of Seynt Marie chirche viijj. to 
kepe the clokke, take hede to the chymes, wynde vp the pegs 
and the plummys as ofte as nede is, so that the seid chymes 
fayle not to goo through the defawte of the seid sexteyn who 
so be for the tyme, and yif he wil not take it vpon hym the 
owner of my hefd place, the parish preest, and the Seynt , Marie 
preest to chese oon of the parysh such as wyl do it for the same 
money, tyl such a sexteyn be in the office that wil undyrtake to 
do it and to contynwe, for I wolde the sexteyn hadde it be fore 

* Octaves. 























anothir, for his wagys be but smale, so he wil vndlrtake to do it 
and not fayle." And having made provision for the repair of 
the chimes, he wills " the seid chymes to goo also at the avees, 
at the complyn eche Satirday, Sunday and hooly day thowrgh- 
out the yeer." 

These chime-barrels seem to have been no novelty in the 
middle of the fifteenth century. 

The Angelus or Gabriel bell appears to have varied in use 
from time to time. Polydore Vergil, writing from Urbino in 
1499, attributes its origin to Pope John XXII. (1316 — 34), who 
ordained that thrice every day at evening time bells should be 
rung, and that then each should thrice recite the Angelic Salur 
tation to the Holy Virgin. He adds that the institution became 
so permanent that it was in use in every nation to his day, so 
that as soon as the sound of the bell was heard all forthwith 
bent the knee and prayed. Another name for it was the Ave 
bell, from the first word of the Salutation. In 1399 Archbishop 
Arundel issued a mandate that at early dawn one Pater and 
five Aves should be said. Thus arose the morning Angehis, 
distinguished in Italy at the present day as Ave Maria dell' 
Aurora from the older Ave Maria della Sera. 

The well-known Jewish practice of the noon-tide prayer 
induced a Meridian Angelus on the Continent, but it does not 
seem to have come into England, though in some parts a mid- 
day bell is rung. At first any bell would be used, but the 
prevalence of the Salutation and of the name of Gabriel on 
some bells seems to indicate that the bell so inscribed was used 
for the special purpose. But that which we have treated of as 
the Sance bell, may have been also used. "A gabryell, weigh- 
ing 100 lbs." is mentioned, as at Blickling, Norfolk, in the 
returns of 1553, and there would hardly have been two bells 
of this size in a church. Donors of such bells were desirous 
of having themselves remembered in prayer. Thus John 
Alcock, Bishop of Ely,* in 1490, consecrated one large bell 
at Gamlingay, in Cambridgeshire, and granted forty days' indul- 

* Founder of Jesus College, Cambridge. 


gence to all truly penitent, who at the sound of the great bell 
shall say five Paternosters and five Saint. Angel, for the good 
state of the Catholic Church, for the Bishop consecrating, the 
King, the Queen, and all the souls of the faithful departed this 
life ; and to all who, at the sound of the little bell, shall say five 
Saint. Angel, ad clans, adjunct. "God have mercy of John, 
Bishop of Ely, that hallowede the alters and bells aforesaid, 
either seting, standing, lyeing, or kneeling."* 

Though the Curfew bell, of which there are traces before the 
Norman Conquest, ceased to have legal sanction in the reign of 
Henry I,, there are abundant traces of it all along the years to 
the present time. It served some useful purpose, and so it 
survived. At Bury it saved the life of John Perfay, draper, who 
was not forgetful of the incident, as appears in his will, dated 
1 509. " I wole that my close which ys holdyn by copy off my 
lord abbot of Bury Seynt Edmund, and y^ which I purchasyd 
of Thomas Russell gentylma, my lord payde the residue, I gyve 
toward y® ryngers charge off the gret belle in Seynt Mary 
Churche, callyd corfew belle," 

The original of this bequest is thus related by Mr. Gage 
Rokewodef : — " John Perfey, tenant of the manor of Fornham 
All Saints, is said to have lost his way in returning from the 
court to Bury, and to have recovered himself from a perilous 
situation by accident, by hearing the striking of the clock or 
bell ^X S. Mary's, Bury. This circumstance, if we are to believe 
a tale not uncommon, led to his devising certain pieces of land, 
which took the name of Bell Meadow, parcel of the manor of 
Fornham All Saints, to the churchwardens of S. Mary's, in 
order that the bell might be tolled in summer regularly at four 
o'clock in the morning and nine in the evening ; and in winter 
at six in the morning and eight at night." 

Mr. Gage Rokewode is very likely right in thinking that one 
purpose of this endowment was to excite the people to repeat 
the Angelus. 

Two instances known to me remain of the "Jack o' th' 

* Gent. Mag., vol. Ixxiii., p. 174. 
t History of Hengrave, p. 1 1. 

JACK O' TH' clock. 


Clock," at Southwold (fig. 80), and at Blythburgh. I conjecture 
that they date back to the earlier part of the sixteenth century. 
There are many others, of a later period, up and down the 

Fig. 80. 

By Shakespeare's time they were " household words," put by 
him into the mouth of Richard II., who says, 

" My time 
Runs posting on in Bolingbroke's proud joy, 
While I stand fooling here, his Jack o' th' Clock."* 

In Lacroix's Les Arts du Moyen ^^^f (Paris, 1869), is an 
account of the celebrated clock brought by one of the Dukes of 
Burgundy, from Courtray to Dijon, which has two figures, a 
man and a woman, who strike the hours from one to twenty- 
four. The name Jacquemart has been usually given to these 
figures, and a question has arisen as to the origin of the name, 
which has probably given rise to "Jack o' th' Clock." One 
derivation \wd,?,jacco inarcJiiardus, a Low-latin word for a coat of 
mail {jacqiie de viaillcs). But a more probable derivation is 
from a clock-maker, Jacques Marck, or Jacquemart. There was 
such a man at Lille in 1422, who seems to have been a grandson 
of one of the same name, living at Courtray in 1360. 

* Shakespeare's Richard 11. , Act v., Sc. 5. See also Coriolamis, Act. v., So. 2. 
+ Pp. 179, 180. 



The Reformation — Number of Church bells then in Suffolk — Spoliation — 
Restoration — Stephen Tonni of Bury, and his man William Land — Their work 
at Long Melford — Death of Julian Tonney the weaver — Bury foundry goes 
to Thetford — Founders dining at Wattisfield — Thomas Draper, Mayor of 
Thetford — The Brends of Norwich — Dier's bell at Clare — Topsel's at Crat- 
field — Richard Bowler — The Thorington bell and a reminiscence of Kett's 
rebellion — Aldgate gun-founding again. 

My last chapter will prepare the reader to expect some 
account of the fate of our Church bells during the Reformation. 

Under the court of Augmentation, established in 1536, in 
view of the Dissolution, Commissioners were appointed for the 
reception of the goods and chattels of the smaller priories. 
Inventories were taken, and those for S. Olave's, Flixton, 
Ipswich (Priory of the Holy Trinity), Redlingfield, Blythburgh, 
Letheringham, Leyston, Eye, Ixworth, and Campsey remain in 
the Record Office.* No bells occur in any of these. There 
must have been similar inventories for the larger houses after- 
wards, but I know nothing about them. 

Early in the reign of Edward VI. enquiries were set on foot 
with respect to plate, jewels, bells, and other ornaments belong- 
ing to the parish churches, which in some parts of the country, 
especially in Kent, had been embezzled by the churchwardens 
and others. By whom certificates were demanded from the 
Suffolk churchwardens does not appear. The volume contain- 
ing them is 510 of the "Miscellaneous Books" of the Augmen- 
tation office, containing 179 certificates from Essex and Suffolk. 

* Bundle 1393, File 136, No. i. The date of the earliest, S. Olave's, is 20 Aug., 
1536, and the Commissioners were Sir Humphrey Wingfield, Richard Southwell, 
and Thomas Mild may. William Dale was the Prior. 


The Suffolk certificates are dated early in November, I547, 
whereas the letter of the Privy Council to Cranmer, charging 
him to prohibit alienation, bears date the last day of April, 

The labours of Mr. J. J. Muskett, by which that most useful 
publication, the East Anglian, has been enriched with these 
records, have been used by me ; and I desire here to return my 
best thanks to him, and to another valued friend, the editor, the 
Rev. C. H. Evelyn White, whom the county would gladly 
welcome again. 

Plate went wholesale, and that these prohibitions were needed 
as to bells, is clear from the sales which had taken place at 
Belstead, Chelmondiston, and Lound, while the men of Aldring- 
ham made return that "all ornamets, playt, and belles belongyng 
to ow"" cherche ar fore to sell." Robert Thurston and Edmund 
ffeavyear, churchwardens of Rendham, strong in their honesty, 
fear neither Commissioners nor any one else, and stoutly reply, 
" For y^ ornaments and y^ Bells we haue solde non as we wuU 
answere." "j peyer of hand bells" was sold at Darsham for 
ijj-. \\\)d. In the great majority of instances nothing is said about 
the bells. So far as one can judge from these relics of the 
certificates of 1547, and the state of things in 1553, there had 
been no general robbery of bells. In one parish, Ilketshall S. 
Andrew, the money from the chalices went to the bells. 

On March 3rd, 1553, another Commission was issued, the 
Commissioners being Thomas Lord Darcye of Cheche, Thomas 
Lord Wentworth, John Jernegan, William Waldegrave, and 
Thomas Cornwaleys, Knights, Owen Hopton and Christopher 
Goldyngham. They did not ask for returns, but summoned the 
churchwardens of each parish before them. The original sum- 
mons remains in Bedingfield Church chest, and runs thus : — 

"These shal be by vertue of a precepte dyrected unto me and others ffrom 
the Ryght Wurshyfull Thomas lord Wentworthe Wyllyam Walgrave John 
Jernynghm and Thomas Cornwaleys Knyghtes Owen hopton and cfofer 
Goldynghm Esquyers the Kynge Maties Comyssyoners To Wyll you and 

* Strype's Cranmer iY.. II. S.), 11., 90. 


neverthelesse in the Kynge Maties name straightely to charge and comaunde 
you That ye fayle not psonallye to appere before the Kynge ma''es sayde 
Comyssyoners at Ypswych the secounde daye of maye next ensuenge before 
ix of the clocke. And that ye brynge before them (All excuses sett ap'te) 
All and everye suche p'cell of plate Jewells metall or other ornamente (what- 
soever they be) belongynge to yo^ churche chapell Guylde Brotherheede 
ffraternytyes or copanyes as doe Reniayne in y custodye or of eny other 
psonne or psonnes to y knowledge to the uses aforesayd as yow wyll answere 
upon othe The grete Belles and Saunce Belles in the Steples only excepte. 
ffrom Brundysshe in Suff the xxvijthe of Aprylle A^ 1553 

By me Roger Wade " 

" To the Churchwardens of the townshyppe of Bedyngfelde 

Geve these."* 

The Commissioners' book is in a perfect condition. The 
entries show nothing but chalices and bells, one of the former 
generally remaining to each parish. There were 1,669 great 
bells, and 85 " Sancts " bells in the county, without Ipswich, 
which formed the subject of a separate report, and Thetford S. 
Mary's, which no doubt appeared in Norfolk. The Ipswich 
Inventories, which are very full, show a total of 52 large bells 
and 6 Sanctus.f The grand total for the county was therefore 
1,812. At the present day, excluding the six at Thetford S. 
Mary's, and the metal of the recently melted four at Ilketshall 
S. Andrew's, there are 1,864 Church bells in Suffolk ; and in 
w^eight of metal we have, of course, a great advantage. In the 
towns and larger villages there has been a gain which more than 
counterbalances the loss in cutting down the pretty little threes 
in the smaller villages. 

But the Commissioners' 1,812 is rather under the mark for 
such a date as 1520, I should say, for though we can point to an 
increase in some places, there had been a decrease from depre- 
dation in others, and in one instance for certain the Commis- 
sioners did not receive a full report. 

A very suggestive case of depredation is that in the parish of 

* East Anglian, New Series, IL, 346. Communicated by the Rev. J. W. 
Millard, Shimpling Rectory, Scole. 

+ The Commissioners' total is 51, but the figures give a total of 52. 


Woolverstone. In the thirty-eight year of Henry VIII., Phih'p 
Wolferston, Esq., of that place, sold two bells and two vestments 
belonging to the parish church. When the Commissioners of 
1553 were making their enquiries, this transaction came to light 
and the loss to the parish was reported to be ;^20. Wolferston 
took the course of bringing in a certificate stating that the bells 
were not worth £^, that the vestments were of small value, and 
that he had taken them " supposing the sayd churche to be hys 
owne chapell."* 

His name appears foremost in the catalogue of those who 
who were bound by their recognizances to appear and answer 
their several debts. 

" philipp Wolverston, Gentilman, xx/£ 
Robt Wynkfeld of Branthm, Gentilman, xxx//. 
fifrauncis Sone of Wantisden, gentilman, 

iiij//. xiijj-. iiijV. 
[the xxith of June, ffrauncis Noone of Martlishfn, vli. 
1553. paid.] Nicolas Bramston of Chelmeton, yeoman, 

xiij'//. \\]d. 

Jeffery Blower, Symond Maddocke, William 

Harrison, and William dennaunt of debbenh^m, 

yeomen, x//." 

By the side is written... hath brought in a testimonyall seelyd 

and,.,payd the xxj'^ of June, 1553. 

The seals and subscriptions are gone from the " testimonial " 
presented to Wolferston in recognition of his little mistake as 
to the ownership of the church, but the words just quoted 
appear to refer to that veracious document. As the Commis- 
sioners made remissions in the case of certain " pore men," 
which remissions were noted in a "p'ticulr boke " in the custody 
of Sir Richard Cotton, Comptroller of the Household, we cannot 
say whether these delinquents paid up in full, after the example 
of Noone of Martlesham. That parish, with Wantisden and 
Debenham, will appear not to have suffered in bell metal. 
Chelmondiston acknowledges to have sold an old broken bell to 
the value of xxji-. \i\]d. 

* The certificate may be read in full in the East Ajig'iaii, New Series, III., 1 12. 


Brantham seems a bad case. ;£'30 is a lot of money, and 
there was only one bell therein 1553. Robert Wingfield (son 
of the Commissioner of 1536, Humphrey Wingfield), who had 
married the heiress of Sir John Pargeter, Lord Mayor of 
London, is absolutely without excuse. The parishes do not 
seem to have taken benefit from these fines. 

I have said that in one instance certainly the Commissioners 
did not receive a full report. That instance is Brockley, which 
is returned as having one bell, whereas three of Jordan's hang 
now in the tower, without doubt the same which hung there in 


Perhaps the men of Brockley feared that what had been done 
in the disturbances of 1549 might be attempted in Suffolk, and 
only one bell of the smallest size left for their church,* and for 
that reason concealed the true number, relying not vainly on 
their sequestered position. 

It must not be supposed that Suffolk is peculiar in these 
respects. We will take an instance from Northamptonshire, in 
which county "the towneshipp of Soulgrave...sold before the 
fyrst Inventory was taken and maid by John Humfrey and 
John Mayo, Churchewardens there one bell unto Thomas 
Stuttesbury and Lawrence Wasshyngton,-|* gent' of the same 
towne for xvj//. whereof vj//. is delyvyd to the I nhy taunts of the 
same towne And is bestowed uppon the highe wayes and ford^ 

"And their intent is to bestowe all the rest so," etc.| 

We have already heard of Stephen Tonni, A gap of fifteen 
years separates the name found at Stanstead, Suffolk, from that 
on the bell at Reepham, Norfolk, which first bears the name of 
Bury S. Edmund's : — 


(Blessed are they who dwell in Thy house. Psalm Ixxxiv. 
(Ixxxiii. vulg.), 5). 

BGGIT. 1559. 

* Froude, H. E., V. 186. 

f Ancestor of the first American President. See Henry F. Waters's Ancestry of 
Washington, 1889. 
X Noytli's C. B. of Northamptonshire, p. 412. 



I am not to decide on the identity of the two Stephens. The 
latest date of the name is 1587, which would give a range of 
forty-three years, a good long spell, but nothing incredible. 
This Reepham bell bears the seal of the cloth subsidy for the 
county of Suffolk, which may be applied to the history of Roger 
Reve, "clothear," and a representation of the Crucifixion. 
Neither of these occur again. His usual marks are the crown 
and arrows, indicative of the borough (fig. 81), and a flleur-de-lis, 
perhaps with reference to his French origin (fig. 82). 

Fig. 81. 

Fig. 82. 


As his are the first bells which bear the name of a Suffolk 
town, I will take them in order of date. I know of none out of 
East Anglia. The Norfolk and Cambridgeshire bells are in 
italics, and those -now recast have a dagger (-f-) prefixed to 
them : — 

Stanton, All Saints, fourth, 
Helmingham, tenor, 
Cockfield, tenor, 
„ StctcJiivoj'th, tenor. 
The inscription on the Cockfield tenor was given me by 
Flanders Green, who set me bell-hunting more than forty years 
ago, an enthusiastic bell-hanger : — 


somnYm, TGmPDYm APPi\opinQYGS, gt ygdgi^ai^g 


It may be compared with the short admonition to rise early, 
on the Stoke-by-Clare clock-bell. 
1566. Hargrave, tenor, 








If D. 






























rr I 


Kettlebaston, third, 

Stanningfield, third, 

Troston, treble, 

Stradishall, third, 

Chediston, tenor, 

Fakenham, Great, second, 

Gedding, the two bells, 

Haughley, four lower bells, 

Letheringham bell, 

Somerton, second, 

Sternfield, tenor, 

Ubbeston, tenor, 

Glemham, Little, second, 

Mendlcsham, tenor, a fine bell, reputed to weigh 

24 cwt., 
Whatfield, second, 
Bradley, Great, second, 
Kersey, third, 
Ottley, tenor, 
Petistree tenor, 
Sudbury, All Saints, tenor, the counterpart of the 

Mendlesham tenor, 
Walsham-le- Willows, fourth, 
Cavibridge, S. Edimmd,fou7'th^ 
LandbeacJi, tJiird, 

Wilbraham, Little, treble and second. 
Winch, West, treble, 
Rede, treble, 
Somerton, treble, 

Newmarket, S. Mary, second and third, 
Levington, tenor, 
Elmswell, second, 
OxburgJi, third, 
Wicken, fourth, 
Monewden, treble. 
Rede, second, 
Barham, tenor. 


The bells on this list marked ^ bear the initials W. Ir., 
thought with great probability to be those of William Land, 
Stephen Tonni's foreman, of whom more hereafter. Whatfield 
second also bears those of Thomas Draper. 

It is a strange thing that we cannot find the will of this 
active and successful bell-founder, but perhaps (like Briant of 
Hertford) his labours were more useful to others than profitable 
to himself. Beyond what is found on his bells, the only 
glimpses we gain of him are derived from the Long Melford and 
Wattisfield Parish Books, and from the will of his brother 
Julian. In the former document, 1582 — 1584, Hugh Isacke 
being then Churchwarden, may be read. 

*" For takeinge downe the broken Belle vs. 

For carryinge the broken Belle to Burye vs. 

For helpe to loade it ijV/. 

For layde out at Burye for wayinge the belle viijc/. 

Two jorneys to Burye xvjV. 

For makinge the wrytinge between the Church- 
wardens and the Bell-founder i}d. 
To the Bell-founder for castinge of the belle 

and metalle iij//. xiiijj-. ijV. 

For hangeinge the belle xjs. viijV." 

And now we stand by the death-bed of Julian Tonney, 
weaver. It is the 9th of February, 1583. "Julian Tonneye of 
Bury S' Edmonde in the countye of Suff., weaver, being of good 
and p'fect remembraunce (thankes be unto God) did speake 
theise words in manner as followeth, I geve and bequeath unto 
Stephen Tonney my brother all those my goods, chattells, 
moveables, and howsholde stuffe, under what manner of kynde 
soever they be, fownder to paye my debtes so far as they will 
extend unto, in the p'sence of these men underwritten, John 
Sterne, Robert Smyth, Williri Longe, John Barrett, John 
Beacher, Thomas Tonney." 

Poor Julian did not regard his estate with much confidence. 
He must have died very soon after making this nuncupative 

• Kindly sent me by Mr. Percy C. L. Scott, Hall Mills, Long Melford. 



will, for on the 12th of February, Dr. Deye, Commissary and 
Official of the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, granted letters of 
administration to Stephen Tonni, as no executors had been 
named by the deceased. The Thomas Tonney here mentioned 
did not follow his father's trade, nor did William Land do much 
on his own account. 

I cannot say how we first found the latter name, though it 
seems familiar enough to me. The original " Wylliam Lawnd," 
in 1548 — 9, appears in one of those dealings in old metal for 
which that remarkable time is eminent. The Churchwardens of 
the Parish of " Mary Maudelen in Barmondesey" note 

" Item sold more by them a crose of copper and other olde 
mettyll of lattyn to Wylliam Lawnd weying xlvj pound pryce 
the pound i'ujd. somme xvs. iiijV."* 

Possibly he was father to the W. L., whose initials we have 
seen on Stephen Tonni's bells as early as 1572. This later 
W. L, cast the tenor at Brettcnham in 1574. He made an 
excursion to Halstead in Essex in 1575, for which church, in 
conjunction with Thomas Draper, he cast the fine tenor now 
in that tower, a very grand bell, said to weigh 25 cwt. It is 
marked with a crown and clipped arrows (fig. 82,), as though 

Fig- S3. 

to mark some past connection with Tonne, but its motto is 
also on the Whatfield tenor of the same year, which bears the 
initials of all three founders : — 

Omnia Jovam laudant animantia. 

We have this combination of W. L. and T. D. at Wiston in 
1574, and at Wattisfield in 1584, where on the fourth appears 
the following quaint couplet, the words separated by a fleur-de- 

* Sitrrev Inventories, by J. R. Daniel-Tyssen, p. 98. 



lis In a lozenge, (fig. 84) to distinguish it from Tonni's fleur-de- 
lis in an oblong, 



Fig. 84. 

The Wattisfield folk had foundry dealings with Bury in 1578, 
as we find from their book, but this job was carried out at 
Thetford. The detail is very graphic : — 

" Itm. the belfounders dyd dyne, thre of them xd." 

Very suggestive of Tonni being with Land and Draper on 
this occasion. Perhaps as senior man he consumed the extra 
penn'orth. Perhaps also the poetry as above was post-prandial. 
It must have involved a great effort. 

" Itm the belfounders hade for earnest for the bell vi". 
Itm layd out to the belfounders men when the 

bell was felt (sic.) injd. 

Itm. layd out to father Smyth for the bell hangen xv^. 

and for the bell caryenge and recaryenge iiiji". 

and for bordynge of four men one daye iji". 

and for bordynge of two men one daye xijd. 

and for one man's wages one daye iiijV. 

and for fetching of father Smyth's gear at Reck- 

ynghal to wynd up the bell ijd. 

Itm. layd out for eyornes for the bell viiijV. 

Itm. layd out at fetfor (Thetford) to the bel- 

founder at or ladyes day xxxiiji". iiijV. 



Itm. for caryenge of a lode of wode to fetfor to 


the belfounder 
and for fellyng and makyng of the wood 
Itm. layd out for the bell clapper 
Itm. The belfounders dyd dyne at Nycolas Lockes 

and thear dyner cam to 
Itm. Layd out to John Boulton for whyt lether to 

mend the belles 
Itm. layd out for half a hundred bord, and thear 
ar xiij to the half hundred lynge upon the 
steple to mend the belles wheeles 
Land's initials occur for the last time on a bell of Stephen 
Tonni's at Barham in 1587. 

Another William Land, possibly his son, turns up at Crayford, 
Kent, 161 5, Kirkoswald, Cumberland, 1619, and Wilmington, 
Kent, 1636. He was a Houndsditch man, and at Stapleford, 
Cambridgeshire (1622), his initials occur with those of Thomas 
Draper's son John. In 1624 he cast the "Silver Bell," at S. 
John's College, Cambridge, and probably in that town, as there 
is no charge for carriage. 



Fig. SS. 

Thomas Draper had moved on permanently to Thetford by 
1588 at any rate, wdien he cast there the sixth for Redenhall, 
esteemed by some the finest bell of that grand eight. It is 
remarkable that in the same year he cast a small bell for 
Hutton-in-the-Forest, Cumberland. He has left us but five 
bells in Suffolk : — 

1584. Ashbocking, second, with a peculiar fleur-de-lis (fig. 85), 

1 591. Tuddenham, S. Mary's, third, 
„ Sapiston, third. 


1593. Stradishall, tenor, 

1594. Yaxley, tenor. 

His health was evidently failing by this time, and he died in 
1595. Municipal honours in his case were accompanied with 
heavy cares. There was a turbulent burgess in Thetford named 
Roger Herbert, who had to be expelled from the " twentieship " 
for divers heinous offences, " first, he gevcth not his money 
towards the maiors diet ; he opposeth him selfe against the 
maior and his companie in repugninge against the constitunes 
and orders of the Touaic made, etc., viz., made for hogges*, for 
making rescues against the Serjeant Harington in arestinge 
him, he Cometh to no assemblie of longe tyme, he defraude men 
of their money and paye not his detts to the discredit of the 
towne, and for div'se and sondrie other causes, he misused the 
maior and burgesses in bad names, in calling Mr. Asteley 
splittershankes, and some other of the companie cadowes-|- and 
p'ticadowes^ and Churles meaninge churle by Mr. Sheringe." 
This expulsion is signed Rich. Asteley John Buxton. 

" Mr. Drap t Maior his m'ke John Goldyngham 

Anthonie Frere." 

We can only trust that the newly-chosen member of the 
Thetford " twentie " refrained from reflecting on the slenderness 
of Mr. Richard Asteley's legs, and the loquacity with which Mr. 
John Goldyngham, Mr. Anthonie Frere, Mr. John Buxton, and 
even his Worship Mr. Thomas Draper may have been affected. 
Thomas Draper's last mark in the records of the borough is on 
May 8th, 1595, in a very trembling hand. His will, proved July 
9th in that year, mentions his messuage in S. Cuthbert's parish, 
his wife Margaret, and his sons Thomas, Edmonde, John, Henrye, 
Richard, and William. Of these the first and third followed 
their fathers calling. The eldest son was in business before his 
father's death, the old fourth at Hepworth, before being recast 
in 1825, having borne the inscription : — 

Thomas Draper the younger made me 1 593-11 

* No doubt analogous to those at Ipswich. 

t Jackdaws. 

t Magpies? 

II MSS. Davy in loc. 


No bell of his seems now to remain, the second at Cranworth, 
Norfolk, dated 1598, which I saw in 1850, having been recast in 
1853. His domestic relations were not very happy, as he was 
returned in the Episcopal Visitation for Norwich Diocese in 
1597 "for that he keepeth not with his wife, but remaineth 
wtii his mother, and so have contynewed a quarter of a yeare 
nowe laste past." 

I will postpone the larger subject of the third son, John, and 
leave for a time the Bury and Thetford work with the mention 
of Thomas Andrew, who used Stephen Tonni's well-known 
marks. From him we have 

Carlton, S. Peter's, four bells, 

Nedging, treble, all dated 1 598 ; to which might have been 
added the Naughton second, now gone, dated 1599. 

The Norwich Elizabethan bells, from members of the Brend 
family, form a considerable group : — 

1567. I. B., Stradbroke sixth (the figure 6 is inverted), 

1568. I. B., Metfield treble, 

„ No initials, Little Ashfield second, inscribed Charoli 

Framlingham Militis, 
„ No initials, Horham, tenor, 

1 581. I. B., Elmham, South, S. James's, tenor, 

1582. No initials of founder, Hacheston, tenor. 

As John Brend the elder died on the 29th or 30th of July, 
in that year, and was buried on the 31st of July, "greatly 
indetted to diu'se men in diu'se somes of money," these are the 
only Suffolkers in which he had a hand. The Horham bell 
was probably made by him in conjunction with a brother 
Robert. The works were in S. Stephen's parish, no doubt on 
the site of the great mediaeval foundry. His lettering is large 
and clumsy, and the arable numerals very niisleading. William 
Brend, his son, removed the foundry into All Saints' parish. 
From him we have : — 

1583. Framlingham, sixth, 
1590. Farnham, treble, 
1592. Dallinghoo, treble, 

„ Kettleburgh, tenor. 


1592. Monewden, tenor, 

1593- Cookley, tenor, 

„ Cratfield, tenor, 

1596. Elmham, South, S. Margaret, tenor, 

1597. Ellough, tenor, 

1598. Fritton bell, 

1599. Glemham, Great, fourth, 

with a large number of others, which we will treat of under the 
the next century. His 1592 bells are crowded with initials of 
subscribers or parishioners, notable by those who are reviving 
the records of their parishes. 

One bell, the sixth at Clare, is by John Dier, an old acquaint- 
ance of mine, whom I unearthed at Maulden, Bedfordshire, in 
1852, and subsequently at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, in 
1855. I am sorry to add that this prolonged intimacy has not 
resulted in knowledge of his locality or operations. This Clare 
bell, dated 1579, is his earliest known. In the following year 
he cast a bell for Broomfield, Essex, and in 1583, the bell for 
Arrington, Cambridgeshire. There are ten bells of his in 
Bedfordshire and eleven in Hertfordshire. His latest date is 
1597, and he uses sometimes a pentacle in conjunction with 
other small trade-marks. 

Another solitary bell, though hanging in good compan}', is 
the fourth at Cratfield, the work of Henry Topsel, in 1585, in 
which year he also made a bell for Hedenham, Norfolk. This 
the parish sold to Kirby Bedon, when the Hedenham four were 
run into six in 1838, and it still hangs in Kirby Bedon tower, 
bearing " Hednam " on it. This placing the name of the parish 
on a bell is unfortunately a very rare occurrence. " Cratfeld " is 
on that fourth, and let us hope that it will never show the name 
in any other tower. The initials I\. T., for Roger, the son of 
Henry, are found on both these East Anglian bells. These 
artificers are elsewhere unknown save in Sussex, where they 
turn up, working at West Tarring, after an interval of fourteen 
years. The initials H. T. appear on the second at Bury, 
Sussex, in 1599, and the names of Henry and Roger on the 
tenor at Felpham in the following year. " Henry Tapsell, the 


elder," was buried at West Tarring, October 5th, 1604. Roger 
went on with his Sussex work some thirty years afterwards. 
Their bells are of no surpassing excellence. The surname is 
curious, as denoting a nautical origin. 

A far better artificer is Richard Bowler, whom all agree in 
placing at Colchester, though there is nothing but tradition for 
it. We have fourteen bells of his in Suffolk : — 

1589. Stratford, S. Mary, fifth, 

1 591. Bergholt, East, priest's bell, 
„ Cornard, Little, fourth, 

1592. Wenham, Great, tenor, 
1598. Cookley, treble, 

„ IlketsJiall, S. Andreiu, tenor (melted in the fire of 1889), 

1600. Greeting, S. Peter, treble, 
„ Depden, tenor, 

„ Freston bell, 

1 60 1. Bergholt, East, third, 
„ Campsey Ash, tenor, 

Wickham Market, fifth, 

1603. Lavenham, fourth and sixth, 
„ Withersfield, second. 

His lettering is generally of a bold Roman type, resembling 
that of the first ]\Iiles Graye, the prince of founders, who is 
supposed to have learned his business under Bowler. At 
Waltham, Essex, is a bell of his with Richard Holdfeld's mark, 
an unusual combination. There are two of his bells in Cam- 
bridgeshire, but none in Norfolk, or further north, west or south, 
to the best of my knowledge. An Augustine Bowler turns up 
in Lincolnshire twenty or thirty years later than our Richard, 
but we know little about him. 

And now, for the last time I regret to say, we are brought 
into touch with the gun-founders. The bell at Thorington bears 
in shallow black letter, with a pentacle at the beginning, a stop, 
and consisting of one lozenge over another, a la John Dier and 
the Clarkes, the inscription, 

5amtocll ©toen itTalic §ei,z foe toanstfli. 1506. 

The Owens of Houndsditch were a great gun-making family. 


and some idea of John Owen, the first known of the name, and 
his relations to two who bore the name of Samuel, may be 
gleaned from his will. We all remember Shakespeare's fop, and 
his objection to gunpowder. This fabricator of the King's 
ordnance does not seem to have loved it too well. He is called 
to a disagreeable service. Kett and his fellows have exchanged 
their camp on Mousehold heath, around the oak of Reformation, 
for an occupation of Norwich. Lord Sheffield is killed, and 
Norwich knows the place of his death to this day. Sir Thomas 
Cornwallis is a prisoner. Parr, Marquis of Northampton, late in 
command, has fallen back on Cambridge, and John Dudley, 
then Earl of Warwick, better known as the Duke of Northum- 
berland, Lady Jane Grey's father-in-law, is summoned to take 
his place. The rebels have guns, and Owen, called to Warwick's 
side, makes his will : — 

" In the name of God, Amen. The xij'^ daye of August 
Anno din MVXLix. I John Owyn of London (and one of the 
kinge's founders of his ordynance) hole in bodye and in p'fte 
memorie, being sent into Norfolke ageynst the Rebles at 
Norwich, make this my last will and testament in maner 
and forme following, that is to saye, I bequeathe my bodye 
and soule into the keping of the lyvinge god who sees all 

" I give and bequeathe unto Anne Chainley als Rainse fyftie 
pounds that she owith me without specialtie, and for the four- 
score pounds I will that after my death she have the occupying 
of the said ui]//. for foure years, putting in suerties for the pay- 
ment thereof withoute intereste. 

" I give and bequeathe to my syster Alice twentie poundes, 
to the poore people and presoners fourtie poundes. And I 
bequeathe to a childe that is none of myne although yt is named 
of me (and as a bill of rekenyng hereto annexed more playnlye 
shall declare) the whiche is at norsse in sowth meiiles, whose 
name is Samuell fourtie pounds, unto Samuell my brother 
Robert sonne I give twentie pounds, to Jones tenne pounds, to 
Susan fyve pounds. 

" The rest of my goodes, cattell, moveables and immoveables, 



debts, vvt all other things I give and bequeathe to my brother 
Robert whom I make my soole executour, to Robert Eyer I 
bequeath fyve pounds. In the thirde yere of Edwarde the 
sixte by the grace of god Kinge of England, Fraunce, and 
Ireland, defender of the faith, and of the churche of England 
and Irclande the supreme head. 

" Wrytten in hast with my owne hande the yere and daye 
above said by me, John Owen."* 

I make no apology for transcribing this in full. It is worth 
record on historical and religious accounts, as well for its con- 
nection with our special subject. 

John Owen, however, came back from Norwich, and lived to 
the following year, when his brother Robert made his renun- 
ciation of the executorship, and the widow Anne, unmentioned 
in the will, took out letters of administration on the 25th of 

To which of the Samuels of 1549, the unhappy nurseling, or 
the acknowledged son of Robert, we may refer the Thorington 
bell of 1596, is uncertain. Among the Bronze Ordnance in the 
Rotunda, Woolwich, are three guns (nos. 4, 8, and 9 in the 
Official Catalogue) by members of this family. Of the three, 
one is by John and Robert, a brass saker, dated 1538, one by 
John alone, a cannon royal, undated, but recovered from the 
wreck of the Mary Rose, lost off Portsmouth in 1545, and a 
sakeret on which may be read " Tomas Owen made this pese 
for the YE'L of Garnse, vhan Sir Peter Mevtas vas Governor 
and Captayn, Anno Din 1550." 

How this Wanstead bell, the only Owen specimen remaining 
this side of the county, came to Thorington, may be read in the 
following memorandum on the second page of the earliest 
Register : — 

Memorandu yt ye Right worshipful! Edward Coke Esquier Attourny 
Generall to the Oueenes most excellent maiestie and Bridgett his Wife did 
Giue unto the Towneshippe of Thorington in June 1598 one Bell alone vppon 
this condicion that neyther the Churchwardens nor any of the inhabitants of 

* Compare Latimer's Sermons, Parker .S., p. 265. 



the said Towne should at any time after ye aforesaid Guift sell awaye the 
said Bell but continve and maintayne the same for the callinge together 
of the inhabitants of the said Towne to divine Service and other seemely 
vses. In witnes whereof I Robert Golde minister of the said Towne of 
Thorington have sett to my hand to this wrightinge the xxth day of Septem- 
ber 1607. 

Robert' Golde/^^ 

* Kindly sent me by the Rev. T. S. Hill, Rector. 


John Clarke, an itinerant, in Suffolk — Joseph Carter — Peter Hawkes — 
The Bury founders in the days of the Stuarts — John Draper of Thetford — 
The later Brends of Norwich — " Colchester Graye " and his works, inclu- 
ding the Lavenham tenor — The siege of Colchester — Miles Graye's foundry 
burnt — The Puritan rigime — Bunyari — Milton — Compulsory ringing — John 
Darbie of Ipswich. 

Before proceeding to the large blocks of bells which occupy- 
that great campanarian period, the first half of the seventeenth 
century, there arc three single specimens to be disposed of. 

The second at Wrentham is the second earliest known (1606) 
of a few bells, scattered about here and there, by John Clarke 
(he spells his name at Wrentham without the "e"), who in his 
pcntacle and shallow lettering resembles John Dier and Samuel 
Owen. In the following year he cast a tiny treble for Cold 
Brayficld, in the county of Buckingham. At Wormington, 
Gloucestershire, and Rumboldswyke, Sussex, he appears un- 
dated. I turned him up, pentacle and all, at Flitwick, Bedford- 
shire, with the date 1608. In 1609 he cast the second at Eastry, 
Kent, and in 161 3 the bell at Welney, Cambridgeshire. The 
earliest known bell of his is the little tenor of three at Eastwick, 
Hertfordshire, dated 1601. This seems a genuine case of itine- 
rancy, and the poorness of the bells may account for it A 
George Clarke cast a small ring of bells for Duxford S. Peter, 
Cambridgeshire, in 1564, and a certificate (dated 1557) of the 
weight of a bell from Wymondley Priory* shows that a bell- 
founder named Clarke was living at Datchworth at the time. 

* North and Stahlschmidi's C. B. of Hertfordshire, p. 32. 


The parish register records the baptism of a John Clarke in 
1575, probably the maker of the Wrentham bell. He is not our 
only specimen of a proverbial rolling stone. 

In 1609 Joseph Carter made the small bell at Great Fin- 
borough. He originally started business at Reading, his earliest 
date being 1579. Many bells of his and of his son-in-law, 
William Yare, are found in Oxfordshire bearing the well-known 
Norwich shield (fig. 50), but his best work seems to have been 
three for Wittersham, Kent. He died in 1610, not unmindful 
of his poor neighbours in Whitechapel.* 

I wish I could say something about Peter Hawkes, who cast 
the Poslingford tenor in 161 3. He is known in Essex, but not 
elsewhere. At Birdbrook a bird, perhaps a hawk, is stamped on 
one of his bells. 

We will now take up the Bury bells, but the palmy days of 
Tonni are over, and such as came forth from James Edbury, 
John Driver, and Thomas Cheese, are not generally of a high 
character. They bear for the most part Tonni's marks, and 
sometimes a bit of arabesque border. These men sometimes 
worked separately and sometimes together. To disentangle 
them would be alike impossible and unprofitable, and I give the 
list in order of time, putting recast bells in italics : — 

1602. Rede, second (I. O-) 

1603. Saxham, Little, tenor (T. C.) 
„ Stiirstoii, old tenor [I- G.) 

1604. Onehouse bell (I. G.) 

1605. Sudbury, S. Peter, fourth (I. G.) 

This was probably Edbury's greatest effort. 
1608. Blythburgh bell (I. G.) 
Charsfield, third (I. G.) 
„ Cockfield, tenor (I. G.) 
Shadingfield bell (I. G.) 
1612. Eleigh, Brent, tenor (I. G.) 
1614. Denham, S. John Baptist, bell (I. D.) 
Friston, treble (I. D.) 
„ Stowlangtoft, second (I. D.) 

* Tyssen's C. B. of Sussex, p. 36. Stahlschmidt's C. B. of Kent, p. 92. 


1 6 14. Thcberton, treble and second {\' G. I. D.) 
Worlington, third {\. G. I. D.) 

1615. Wickham Skeith, third (I. G. I. D.) 

B. B. with them, and a host of parochial initials, 
1618. Greeting, S. Peter, tenor. 
Naughton bell. 
Semer, tenor. 
( John Driver died this year, teste registro, in S. Mary's parish, 
j " Sep. 1618. John Driver belfounder, Nov. 21st." 

These last-named three bells bear his name, (save that at 
Semer, which omits DI\IVGI\YS,) and the initials of Cheese. 

In 1619, July 17, Arthur Hindes, bell-founder, was buried ) 
at S. James's, Bury. He has left no works behind him. J 

1621. Semer, treble (T. C.) 

1622. Hargrave, treble (T. G. I. G.) 

1623. Brettenham, second (T. C, I. G.) 

1629. Thorpe Morieux, second (T. G.) 

1630. Bradfield Combust, tenor (T. C) 
1632. Thorpe Morieux, treble (T-. G.) 

Pressed hard by the Brends on the North-east, and John 
Draper of Thetford, who had an agent, Andrew Girne, at Bury 
on the North-west, with Stamford men at work in Cambridge- 
shire, and the great reputation of Miles Grayc all round, it is no 
wonder that these small Bury men did but little. I remember 
the old Worlington third, which was cracked at the lip. Paro- 
chial ingenuity sawed out the cracked part, the metal showing 
clean and strong, but somewhat pale. It used to sound just 
like a piece of wood. Cheese, who seems to have been the 
survivor of the three, died in 1635, leaving "Thomas Andrews" 
— perhaps the Thomas Andrew, bell-founder, lately mentioned — 
the supervisor of his will. He appears to have contemplated 
the possible re-marriage of his wife IMary, and while making all 
provision for her during her life, settles small sums of money on 
his daughters Mary and Elizabeth, and his son Thomas, who 
takes the reversion of the parlour furniture, the greatest kettle, 
and the greatest brass pot. The See of Norwich was vacant at 
this time through the death of Bishop Corbet, and the will was 


proved before John Jewell, Surrogate of Thomas Eden, LL.D., 
Archbishop Laud's Commissary, which Surrogate was one of 
the witnesses to the will. 

Whatever came from Andrew Gerne we shall now consider 
under the works of his master, John Draper, third son of 
Thomas Draper the elder, and for more than forty years a bell- 
founder in Thetford. His earliest date is 1600, and he died in 
1644. The following list gives his Suffolk bells : — 

1600. Honington, tenor. 

In this year in conjunction with his mother, Margaret, he gave 
a bond to the churchwardens of North Lopham, for the recast- 
ing of their second bell, which was again recast in 1733. This 
was on the 29th of August. He had by himself given a bond 
on the 19th of February of that year to the churchwardens of 
Lakenheath for the recasting of their tenor, to which his brother 
Thomas was a witness. This bell was again recast in 1676. 
Others since recast are in italics : — 

1603. Thelnetham, fourth. 

This bell, like some others in East Anglia, bears the crown 
and clipped arrows (fig. 83), used by Thomas Draper the elder, 
and to my mind denoting a past connection with Bury. 

1605. Horham, fifth. 

1606. Braiscworth bell. In this year he was casting at Wells, 
May 22nd, " divers of the neighbours of the towne and Beeston- 
next-Mileham accompanyinge them thither merily together."* 

1608. Ampton, treble, 

„ Barton Mills, second, 

„ Icklingham, All Saints, tenor, 

1609. Knettishall, tenor, 

161 5. Thetford, S. Mary, second, 

1616. Elmswell, tenor, 

16 1 7. Risby, second, 

1619. Barton, Great, second, fourth, and tenor, 
„ Newmarket, S. Mary, treble and fourth, 

1620. Chevington, treble, 

* L'Estrange C. B. of Norfolk, p. 99. 


1621. Hinderclay, fourth (I. O- and A. G.), 

„ Thurlow, Great, treble, second, third, and fourth, 

„ Bcrgholt, East, tenor (I. D. and A. G.), 

1623. Barnham, S. Gregory, tenor, 

„ Exning, treble, second, third, and fourth, 

„ Fornham, All Saints, treble and second, 

„ Freckenham, second and third, 

1624. Burgate, third, 

„ Fornham, All Saints, tenor, 

1625. Lidgate, treble, second, and fourth (I. O. and A. G.), 

1626. Hopton, All Saints, tenor, 
„ Pakenham, second, 

„ Timworth, tenor, 

1627. Beyton bell, 

„ Combs, fourth, 

„ Cotton, third, 

„ Dalham, second and third, 

„ Sturston, second, 

„ Wickham Skeith, tenor, 

1628. Knettishall, tenor, 
„ Sapiston, treble, 

1629. Hopton, All Saints, second, 

„ Stow, West, third and fourth, 

1630. Badwcll Ash, treble, second, and fourth, 

„ Hopton, All Saints, third, fourth, and fifth (these were 
the second, third, and fourth to complete a ring of 

„ Rickinghall Inferior, second, 

„ Thurston, treble and second (I. D. and A. G.), 

163 1. Ashfield, Great, third, 

„ Stow, West, second and tenor, 

„ Stowlangtoft, treble, 

1632. Buxhall, treble and second, 

1635. Buxhall, third, 

„ Worlington, second, 

1636. Wetheringsett, second, 

„ Rushbrooke, second. This alone by Andrew Gerne, 
without John Draper's name. 


This list is almost exclusively from West Suffolk, and East 
Suffolk during the same period is largely supplied by Norwich, 
which may be explained by relationship, for as he speaks in his 
will of John Brend* of Norwich, as his brother, he presumably 
married a Brend, no daughter being mentioned in the will of his 
father, Thomas Draper, A little " ring " was thus formed by 
the brothers-in-law, which kept out Miles Graye of Colchester 
from the north of the county, and led to a " mighty pretty 
quarrel " at Wickham Market, the traces of which yet remain. 
An observation of the dates will show that John Draper's 
Suffolk business arose mainly from the collapse of the Bury 

As with his death bell-founding died out at Thetford, we will 
turn to his Norwich relatives, and take up the bells made by 
William Brend, or his son John, or both, during the first half 
of the seventeenth century. 

1602. Wingfield, fifth, 

1603. Elmham, South, All Saints, bell, 
1606. Brundish, treble, 

„ Wilby, second and third, 

1608. Carlton Colville, treble, 
„ Worlingham, third, 

1609. Saxmundham, second, 

1 6 10. Briiisyard, second, 

„ Elmham, South, S. George's, second, 

„ Ringsfield, second, 

1611. Halesworth, seventh, 
„ Herringfleet, second, 

161 2. Brampton, second, third, and fourth, 
„ Mendlesham, treble, 

„ Mettingham, treble, 

161 3. Wickham Market, tenor, 

„ Wingfield, third, fourth, and tenor, 

161 5. Campsey Ash, treble, 

„ Marlingford, second and third, 

„ Mutford, second, 

* L'Estrange's C. B. of Norjolk, p. 47, note. 


1616. Covchithc, second, 

„ Westhall, treble and fourth, 

1 61 7. Kessingland, treble, 

1618. Cratfield, treble and fifth, 

„ Oulton, third, fourth, and tenor, 
„ Pakefield, second, 

1619. Homersfield, treble, 

„ Ilketshall, S. Laurence, two bells, 

1620. Hollesley, treble and tenor, 

1621. Bramfield, treble and second, 
„ Pakefield, tenor, 

1622. Aldeburgh, third, 
Bawdsey bell, 
Benacre bell, 
Bradfield, second, 
Framlingham, seventh, 
Ilketshall, S. Andmv, treble, second, and third (melted 

in the fire of 1889), 
Knoddishall bell. 
Rend ham, fourth, 
Worlingham, treble, 

1623. Mendham, fifth, 

1624. Badingham, second, third and tenor, 
„ Rumburgh, treble, second, and fourth, 
„ Wangford, S. Peter, treble, 

1625. „ „ fifth, 

1626. Cor ton bell, 
„ Covehithe, third, 
„ Westhall, tenor, 

1627. Bury, S. Mary, fourth, 
„ Elmham, South, S. Margaret, fourth, 
„ Gisleham, treble and second, 
„ Halesvvorth, fifth and tenor, 

1628. Cove, North, fourth, 
,, Bennington, fourth, 
„ Mendham, third, 

1630. Badingham, treble. 



163 1. Farnham, second, 

1634. Carlton Colville, third, fourth, and tenor (in this year 
William Brend died), 

1636. Mutford, third, 

1637. Carlton Colville, second, 

1639. Benhall, fourth, 

„ Frostenden, second, 

1640. Chediston, second, 
„ Shipmeadow bell, 

and lastly, in all probability the second, at Metfield, made in 
1647. To these may be added the smaller of the two bells at 
Withersdale, bearing simply the initials "W. B. 

Let the judicious reader compare the blank years in this list 
with those in the others of the same period, and he will not 
fail to note the results of the occupation of the " Associated 
Counties " by the Earl of Manchester. The commission was 
accepted by the Earl, August loth, 1643, 

William Brend's wife's name was Alice, and the monogram 
of the two, A B with a W below, is very common on his bells. 

Fig. £6. 



He often uses also the Norwich ermine shield (fig. 50) and the 
arms of the city (fig. 86). He died in 1634, leaving his posses- 
sions to his wife and his son John, who received respectively a 
silver spoon and a hammer at the signing of the will.* Much 
of the later work seems to have been done by John, whose 
name alone occurs as founder in the Bennington Parish book in 
1628, "ould Brend " being restricted to the hanging business. 

I do not regard John Draper or these Brends as very uniform 
in their work. With some excellent bells there are many of an 
inferior quality. The Thetford bells are apt to be weak, and 
the Norwich bells harsh. 

And now comes the record of their great rival. Miles Graye, 
of Colchester. 

The general idea is that he learned his business under Richard 
Bowler, and the slight overlapping of date need not trouble us. 
There is a great similarity in the strong Roman lettering often 
used by both, but Bowler's rough cross goes out, and several 
marks are occasionally used, of which one found at Stradbroke 
and elsewhere (fig. Sy) may serve as a specimen. The name is 

Fig. 87. 

almost invariably given in full and in English. When he ven- 
tures into Latin he appears, like the half-Romanized Celts, to 
have confounded the subject with the object, varying between 
" Milo " and " Milonem " Graye me fecit. 

However defective his grammar may have been, he was a 

L'Estrange'o C. B. of A^orfolk, pp. 36, 37. 


prince among workmen. Of the eighty bells and more in 
Suffolk which yet bear his name most are of excellent quality, 
and several are said to equal in grandeur of tone that which 
ringers consider his masterpiece, the celebrated Lavenham tenor. 
There arc a few of his bells in Norfolk, the bulk of those at 
Swaffham, etc., some seventeen in Cambridgeshire, one in 
Sussex (Chiddingly, treble), a good sprinkling in Hertfordshire 
and Bedfordshire, and of course very many in Essex. His 
most distant work is the tenor at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which 
he cast at Colchester in i6 15, said in ArcJicsologia yEliatia* to 
be his earliest date. However, Suffolk can find earlier. Here 
is the catalogue : — 

1605. Ipswich, S. Matthew, fourth, 

1607. „ S. Mary-le-Tower, seventh, 

1608. Thrandeston, third, 

1610. Ipswich, S. Mary-le-Tower, eleventh, the old tenor, a 

very fine bell, 
„ Soham, Earl, treble, 
„ Woolverstone bell, 

161 1. Harkstead, third and fourth, 
„ Wickhambrook, fourth, 

161 3. Ipswich, S. Mary-at-Elms, third, 

„ „ S. Mary-at-Quay, fourth, 

„ Kenton, treble, 

„ Stradbroke, fourth, 

1614. Copdock, treble and second, 

161 5. Ashbocking, treble, 
„ Copdock, third, 

„ Ipswich, S. Mary Stoke, second, 
Wilby, fifth, 

161 7. Stonham, Little, third, 

16 1 8. Bromeswell, treble, 
„ Melton, treble, 

„ Nettlestead bell, 

1619. Combs, third, 
162 1. Chattisham bell, 

• New Seiies IT., 19. 


1621. Ipswich, S. Helen, treble, 
„ Newbournc bell, 

1622. Stradbroke, fifth, a good bell, 

„ Stowmarkct, tenor, a very fine bell, 

„ Wherstead, second, 

1623. Bucklesham bell, 

1624. Capel, S. Mary, fourth, 

1625. Lavenham, tenor, already mentioned, 
„ Nacton, treble, 

1626. Bealings, Great, treble and second, 
„ Somersham, second, 

1627. Felixstowe bell, 

1628. Hasketon, five bells, ^/le second recast in 1825, 

1629. Shelley, second, 

1630. Ipswich, S. Margaret, six bells, 
„ „ S. Nicholas, second, 

„ „ S. Peter, sixth, 

» „ S. Stephen, third, 

„ Kenton, second, 

163 1. Martlesham, tenor, 

„ Soham, Monk, treble, 

1632. Bramford, five bells, a treble added in 1805, 

1636. Baylham, second, third, and fourth, 

1637. Bedfield, treble, 

„ Brandeston, third, 

„ Eleigh, Monks, third, 

„ Hollesley, treble, 

„ Monewden, second, 
(In this year he was at Saffron Walden, where he made a bell 
for Ickleford, Herts, since recast.) 

1638. Eleigh, Monks, second and fourth, 
„ Felsham, second and fourth, 

„ Kersey, tenor (" Colchester Graye ") 

„ Winston, third and fifth, 

1639. Felsham, tenor, 
„ Orford, treble, 

1640. Clare, third, 


1640. Edvvardstone, third, 

„ Eye, sixth and tenor, very good, 
„ Preston, fourth, 

1641. Culpho bell, 

„ Edvvardstone, fourth, 

„ Parham, second, 

„ Sudbury, S. Peter, seventh, 

„ Wickhambrook, treble, 
1646. Stradishall, fourth, 

Also Barnardiston treble and second, the dates of which I 
have not. 

This list is the most important by far which has yet been 
recorded, for sequences as well as for weight of bells. Especially 
the work of the years 1610, 1622, 1625, 1640, and 1641 deserves 
to be remarked. The break of Suffolk work after 164.1 is again 
suggestive, and business was equally slack for him elsewhere at 
the same time. But worse misfortunes than slackness of busi- 
ness were in store for this great founder. Those that blow up 
the flame of partisanship in matters of religion and politics may 
well ponder the lessons taught by these " portions and parcels 
of the dreadful past" which come under our notice, and be 
content to let what is valuable in their principles work itself 
naturally to the front. There are no signs of a Millennium, 
either Anglican or Puritan, at Colchester in the summer of 
1648. The Cavaliers of Kent, Hertfordshire, and Essex entered 
the town, and Fairfax let them " stew in their own juice," not 
adopting, however, this course till he had failed in an attack 
upon Headgate. In this attack Miles Graye's " capitall messu- 
age or tenement... scituate and being below Headgate in Col- 
chester" was burned down, as we find from his will, and he 
himself having endured the horrors of the siege, " set his house 
in order" on the seventeenth day of May, 1649, "weak in body 
and erased with age, but yet in p'fect mind and memory," and 
was dead in a month. There is a not unusual gap in the 
Register of Burials at S. Mary-at-Walls, Colchester from 1642 
to 1653, another phenomenon which may be pondered by 
admirers of Cromwell and the Puritans. But we note the 


baptisms of Christopher* the son of Myles Gray and Jane his 
wife, 29th January, 1625, and that of Myles, son of Myles 

Graye and his wife, 19th September, 1628, and 

" Moyles " Gray certifies the Register at this time as Church- 

Old Miles's second wife was named Dorothy, and he left her 
nearly everything. Christopher's name does not appear in the 
will. Miles and the daughters Ann Darbye and Mary Starlinge 
are cut off, severally, with a shilling, but James gets the 
remainder of some leasehold property " to him and to his heyres 
for ever." The registers of Colchester Holy Trinity, S. Botolph's, 
and S. Leonard's, and of Stanway give us no information 
worth recording about either Bowlers or Grayes ; but in 1656 
Margaret Graye was imprisoned in Colchester Castle, as a 
Quaker, for declaring the truth in " Peter's Steeple House." It 
would be curious if she were a member of this family. The 
Puritan liberty of opinion, whether for prophetic or other pur- 
poses, was strictly confined to themselves. " New Presbyter 
is but Old Priest writ large," and when the Independents came 
in, it was the old song again to a fresh tune. Quakcx's were 
clearly out of it, but if George P"ox had got the upper hand he 
would most likely have taken to coercion like the rest. 

About this time the names of John Hardy and Abraham 
Greene, of Bury S. Edmund's, bell-founders, brothers-in-law, 
appear among the Bury wills, but no bells from either are known 
to exist. The former, who died in January, 1657, left his house, 
which he had lately purchased of Simon Wray, baker, " adjoin- 
ing to a certaine gate then called Risby Gate," to his widow 
Mary for her life, then to go to John, the son of his brother-in- 
law John Bixby of " Thorpe Morioux." Abraham Greene, who 
had married Hardy's sister Joan, is probably identical with the 
Abraham Greene of Lindsey, who died in 1662, leaving every^ 
thing to his sister, Prudence Dyer.f 

The ten years from 1650 are of course not very productive of 

• This, I think must be Christopher Graye the bell-founder ; but there is in the 
Register another Christopher, son of Edward, born 1618. 
t Lib. Heron, 7. 


bells. The younger Miles Graye cast the Brantham bell in 
165 1, and the five for Stansfield in the following year, quite a 
phenomenon, which the parochial history may explain. John 
Brend breaks ground in 1654 with the Thrandeston treble, 
following on with two fives, for Blaxhall and Yoxford, splicing 
in a medieval at Darsham as a third in a ring of four. But in 
1657 he evidently regarded himself as having made a great hit. 
This was at Wickham Market, where the treble and second bear 
his name, the latter thus girding at the memory of the late man 
of Colchester : — = 

The monument of Graie 

Is past awaie. 
In place thereof doth stand 
The name of John Brend. 
South Elmham S. Margaret's upper three belong to the same 
}'ear and man, Bures fourth and Horham fourth to 1658. 
About that time Miles Graye the younger made the Aldeburgh 
tenor ; also the Chilton bell, the old second at Newton-next- 
Sudbury, the second at Acton, the second and third at Glems- 
ford, and the treble at Great Thurlow, all pretty much in the 
same neighbourhood. The bell at Brightwell (1657) bearing 
the name of the parish is probably John Hodson's. 

John Barbie's star now rises on the horizon, but he must be 
reserved for a complete list. 

To do justice to the Puritan regime there seems to have been 
little or no bell spoliation ; and though Bunyan regarded his 
own ringing of bells as a sin, there is nevertheless a charming 
allusion to their sweet voices, when he describes the entrance of 
Christian into the Celestial City. Milton's magnificent lines : — 

" Oft on a plot of rising ground 
I hear the far-off Curfew sound, 
Over some wide-watered shore, 
Swinging slow with sullen roar," 

belong to his earlier career, with 

" Or let the merry bells ring round, 
And the jocund rebecks sound 
To many a youth and many a maid 
Dancing in the chequered shade." 


Whether he changed his mind about all this we know not, 
but we know that it would have been summarily put down in 
the cheerful days of the Major-generals. One compulsory peal 
in 1650 is recorded in my CliurcJi Bells of Cambridgeshire* and 
it is worth rehearsing here, as displaying the wariness of the 
parish authorities of S. Mary-the-Great, Cambridge, in whose 
book is this entr}- : — 

" 1650. Paid to Persyvall Sekole the clarke for the ringers, 
by mi order from the Maior, on 30 Jan.,-|- being a day of thanks- 
giving o . 2.0." 

The latter part of the seventeenth century was a mighty time 
for bells, and for several reasons we shall lead it off with John 
Barbie's list, as for some time he was working at Ipswich, some 
of his bells being of excellent tone, and the earliest eight in 
Suffolk, Horham, mainly coming from his hand. In 1657 he 
cast the fourth at Rodmersham, Kent. This is his earliest date 
The Suffolkers run thus : — 

1658. Henley, second, 
„ Horham, fourth, 

„ Sproughton, treble, second, and fourth, 

., Woolpit, fourth and fifth, 

1659. Barking, treble and second, 

1660. Blakenham, Little, treble and second, 
„ Wetheringsett, treble, 

„ Witnesham, second, fourth, fifth, and tenor, 

1 66 1. Hartest, five bells, 
„ Holbrook, fourth, 

„ Rougham, treble and second, 
„ Soham, Monk, fifth, 

Tattingstone, first three, 

1662. Barrow, treble, fourth, and tenor, 
„ Combs, treble, 

„ Haverhill, third, 

„ Ipswich, S. Mary-at-Ouay, second, third, and tenor, 

„ Nacton, second, 

* p. 108. 

t The anniversary of the execution of Charles I 


1662. Somersham, treble, 

„ Sudbury, S. Peter, second, 

„ Winston, treble and second, 

1663. Burgh Castle, tenor, 
„ Chelmondiston bell, 

Higham, fourth, . 

Horham, sixth and seventh, 
„ Kettlebaston, treble, 
,, Newton, Old, treble, third, and fourth, 
„ Shelley, treble, 
„ Soham, Earl, third and tenor, 
,, Wickhambrook, tenor, 

1664. Barnham, S. Gregory, treble, 
„ Belstead bell, 

Belton bell, 
„ Elvedon bell, 

Thetford, S. Mary, fifth, 

1665. Grundisburgh, second and fourth, remains of a com- 

plete five, 
„ Ixworth, second and third, 

1666. Battisford bell, 

„ Bennington, tenor, 25 cvvt. (?), very fine, 
,, Falkenham, treble and second, 

1667. Offton, fourth, 

„ Thorndon, second, third, fourth, and fifth, 

1668. Brampton, treble, 

,, Southvvold, fourth and fifth, 
„ Wangford, S. Peter, third, 

1669. Haverhill, treble, 

„ Ipswich, S. Mary-at-Elms, treble, third, and tenor, 
„ Mendlesham, fourth, 

1670. Sibton, second (he was rather busy in Norfolk and 

Cambridgeshire this year), 

1671. Gislingham, fifth and tenor, very good, 
Ipswich, S. Mary-le-Tower, eighth and tenth, 

„ Thorndon, tenor (these are among his best bells), 

1672. Stowmarket, seventh, 


1672. Wick ham Market, third, 

1673. Kcdington, second, third, fourth, and tenor, 

1674. Holton, S. Mary, second, 
„ Leiston, fifth, 

Stow, West, fifth, 
„ Sudbourne bell, 

1675. Higham, S. Mary, second and tenor, 

„ Rushmere, S. Andrew, treble and second, 

„ Timworth, treble and second, 

,, Tuddenham, S. Mary, tenor, 

1676. Cavenham, second and tenor, 
„ Claydon bell, 

„ Groton bell, 

„ Hoxne, treble, 

„ Lakcnheath, tenor, 

„ Mildenhall, third (cast for a treble, a singularly fine 


„ Syleham, treble, 

1677. Bealings, Little, treble, 
„ Copdock, fourth, 

,, Elmswell, fourth, 

„ Hintlesham, treble, 

„ Southolt bell, 

1678. Akenham bell, 

„ Hintlesham, second, third, and fourth, 

Rougham, fourth, 
„ Saxstead bell, 
„ West hall, second, 
16'jg. Boyton bell, 

„ • Orford, third and fourth, 
„ Ramsholt bell, 
1680. Ipswich, S. Clement, six bells, 
„ Stanton, S. John-the-Baptist, treble, second, and 
fourth (in this year he cast the tenor at Isleham, 
Cambridgeshire, a magnificent bell, said to weigh 
25 cwt.), 
168 L Kelsale, third and tenor. 


1 68 1. Sibton, treble, 

1682. Ipswich, S. Peter, treble, 
„ Ixworth, treble, 

1683. Barham, treble, 

„ Capel, S. Mary, third, 

„ Hacheston, second and fourth, 

„ Ipswich, S. Peter, fourth, 

„ Stradbroke, seventh, 

1685. Haverliilt, teUor, 

„ Tuddenham, S. Martin, treble, 

„ Wattisfield, treble, second, third, and tenor, 

„ Yoxford, fifth, 

1686. Shotley bell, 
Ufford, third, 

1 69 1. Stowmarket, third. 

This catalogue far exceeds that of Miles Graye the elder, 
whose daughter Ann I suspect that he married. 


Dick Whittington — Call-changes — Early peals — The " Twenty all over," 
or " Christmas Eve " — 7,360 Oxford Treble Bob at Bungay, in 1S60. 

Some day modern critics will be down on the story of Dick 
Whittington, While as yet we are free from their " triumphant 
results," let us receive it, as it is fit. The first of his three Lord 
Mayoralties was in 1397 ; and it must have been in the reign of 
Edward IIL that he heard the Bow bells calling to him, sup- 
posing the peal to have been in G : — 

Turn a - gain, Whit -ting -ton. Thrice Lord Mayor of Lon-don. 

At any rate this sequence is that which all have known as 
"Whittington" by tradition, and the tale is natural enough. It 
is an excellent specimen of what is termed a " call-change." 
Before bell-machinery had reached its present development, 
and while most bells only swung to and fro in chiming, it was 
impossible to change the sequence at every round. So after 
thirty or forty rounds of one change, the caller would give the 
signal for another, just as it is done in Sunday chiming at the 
present day in many a village church. 

There are very few common subjects on which there are such 
wild ideas as on bell-ringing. Every Christmas in the illustrated 
newspapers you see the most grotesque views of ringers plenti- 
fully exerting themselves in a way which would ensure their own 
destruction and the ruin of the bell-gear. People think that 
ringing is a vulgar, low kind of thing, only practised by boors 
and a few partially-deranged gentlemen, who ouo-ht to be in a 


private lunatic asylum. Did they know anything of the history 
of the Art, they would find that amongst its votaries have been 
a nobleman, Lord Brereton ; a great judge, Sir Matthew Hale ; 
senators, as Sir Symonds d'Ewes ; scholars, as Dawes, and many 
others, of whose company no honest man need be ashamed. 
Nor is the nature of change ringing contemptible, for no small 
mathematical skill is involved in the composition of a peal. 
These compositions appear to have been unknown till the be- 
ginning of the seventeenth century, though the allotment of one 
man to each bell in Udall's Ralph Roister Doisier seems to 
indicate some system of call-changes. But for a change at 
every round it was necessary that the mere chiming should be 
supplanted by a method which should give to the performers a 
more complete mastery of their instruments ; and that method 
is what is called '* ringing," where the bell, which was resting 
mouth upwards, swings completely round and balances mouth 
upwards again ; a contrivance called the " stay and slide " 
prevents the bell from falling over, should the balance be dis- 
turbed. A certain time then, has to elapse between two strokes 
of the same bell ; and in arranging the sequence of changes it 
is well to keep the place of any particular bell as near as 
possible to its place in the preceding change. Thus, if the third 
bell were sounding fifth in one change, in the next it should be 
sounding fourth or sixth. The simpler peals which are given 
by Fabian Stedman in his Tintinnalogia, published in 1667, are 
recorded by him as having originated fifty or sixty years before 
his time. 

His method for treating four-and-twenty changes on four 
bells amounts to "hunting" the treble only. A bell is said to 
be "hunted up" as she moves towards the tenor's or last place, 
and " hunted down " when she moves towards the treble's or 
first place. By observing the sequence of changes, the treble or 
first bell being printed in stronger type, this movement will be 
manifest, while it should be seen that the other bells stay twice 
in each of the middle places, and thrice in the treble's and 
tenor's. Each change is called a " single," i.e., a change of place 
between two bells only, as though the composer had wished to 
produce as little variety as possible. 




43 2I 


A curious method oq five is inserted by Stedman for 
antiquity's sake. He calls it the "Twenty all over" ; but I find 
that it is still well known in Fressingfield by the name of 
"Christmas Eve." It is extremely simple. First the treble 
hunts up, while the others change no more than to make room 
for it. 


Now the second does the same thing. 


The third now hunts. 

Now the fourth. 



And lastly the tenor, which brings the bells round again. 





Here every change is a " single." The twenty changes arise, 
of course, from there being four in each of the five hunts. 

Another method called " Cambridge Eight-and-Forty " will 
be found in my Cliurch Bells of Cambridgeshire. 

But the plaiti changes on five bells are worthy of preservation. 



















542 3I 










































345 2I 


• 254I3 


























































If Dr. Burney could assure his readers that the Tlntinnalogia 
is " not beneath the notice of musicians who wish to explore all 
the regions of natural melody : as in this little book they will 
see every possible change in the arrangement of Diatonic 
sounds, from 2 to 12, which being reduced to musical notes, 
would, in spite of all which has hitherto been written, point out 
innumerable passages, that would be new in melody and musical 


composition,"* I may venture to claim at least as high a regard 
for the modern peals, in which the bells are more freely moved 
about amongst each other. 

This method is easily applicable to any number of bells, 
One of the six bell methods based upon it, the tenor and fifth 
" hunted down," is called the " Esquire s Tzvclve-score" proving 
by its name that bell-ringing two centuries ago was a gentle- 
man's amusement. 

I do not, however, intend to enlarge further on the subject of 
change-ringing, on which there are plenty of good treatises, nor 
to attempt a record of the most remarkable peals rung in the 
county, this being a work undertaken by Mr. Slater of Glems- 
ford. However, as I have now the honour to hold the post of 
President of the Diocesan Society of Change Ringers, it would 
have been unbecoming in me to pass the subject in silence, nor 
must I be guilty of ingratitude in forgetting a certain 7,360 of 
Oxford Treble Bob Major, rung to welcome my bride and 
myself thirty years ago,-f- when I was Master of Bungay 
Grammar School, and a member of that Society of Ringers. 

The band consisted of 

Benjamin Smith, treble, Benjamin Spilling, fifth, 

William Sheldrake, second, Jarvis Crickmore, sixth, 

George Adams, third, Thomas Spalding, seventh, 

Peter Page, fourth, Captain A. P. Moore, tenor. 

Of this company, Messrs. Smith and Sheldrake, on the 
previous Friday, had rung 10,080 of the same method at Reden- 
hall, taking the treble and third respectively. The second was 
taken by John Ellis, who was sixty-eight years old at the time. 
The 7,360 took 4 hours 40 minutes, and the 10,080, 6 hours 
25 minutes. 

* Burney, General History of Music ^ iii., 413. He gives a sprightly "Five Bell 
Consorte " by John Jenkins, which he traces to Fabian Stedtnan's Tintinnalogia. 
t Monday, March 26th, i860. 


Later bells — Robard Gurney of Bury — Christopher Hodson of S. Mary 
Cray — Miles Graye the younger — A solitary bell of Christopher Graye's at 
Thrandeston — His difficulties in Cambridgeshire — Is succeeded by Charles 
Newman, and the foundry taken to Lynn — Thomas Newman at Bracondale 
and Bury — John Stephens— Sudbury and its founders— Henry Pleasant — 
Thomas Gardiner — His critic at Edvvardstone — John Goldsmith of Redgrave 
— Ransomes and Sims — London founders — Newton and Peele — Catlin — The 
Whitechapel men^Phelps and his record of Dr. Sacheverell at Charsfield — 
His eight at Bury S. Mary's — Lester — Pack— A failure at Beccles — Chapman 
—The Mears family — Benefactions of the Suffolk nobility and others — The 
Warners of Cripplegate — A ship's bell from Stockholm at Lavenheath — John 
Briant of Exning — The St. Neot's men and their successors — Joseph Eayre 
— Arnold — The Taylors of Loughborough — Osborn and Dobson of Down- 
ham Market — Birmingham founders — Blews at Lowestoft — Carr at New- 
bourne— The Redenhall foundry — Recommendation to Southwold — Jubilee 
bells at Mildenhall — Conclusion. 

RoBARD Gurney, of Bury S. Edmund's, a son of the Andrew 
Gurney already mentioned, first appears in his father's will, 
dated 1643. He had accommodated his father with the loan of 
2 cwt. of metal, which kindness is requited with a legacy of 3 
cwt, " with all my tooles and moulds for to worke with all, as to 
my trade belongeth." 

In 1649, as I find from a communication from the Rev. A. F. 
Torry, late fellow and dean of S. John's College, Cambridge, he 
recast the bells for that college, the cost of recasting, for new 
metal, and to the Bury carrier being £4 iSs. gd* His earliest 
existing date is 1652, both in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire 
(Impington third). The Suffolk list follows : — 

1652. Bradley, Little, bell, 

* In spite of this, the bell still bears the date 1624, and the initials W. I. 


1663. Santon Downham bell, 

1664. Stanningfield, treble, 

1665. Worlington, second (a very good bell), 

1666. Tuddenham, S. Mary, second, 

1667. Alpheton, two bells, 

1668. Bradfield, S. George, second and third, 
„ Felsham, treble, 

„ Poslingford, treble, second, and third, 

„ Wangford, S. Denis, bell, 

1670. Elmswell, treble, 

167 1. Tostock, tenor, 

„ Welnetham, Little, tenor, 

1672. Tuddenham, S. Mary, treble, 

1673. Onehouse, treble. 

I consider him as unusually variant in his work. Some of 
his bells are detestable. ]\Ir. Deedes notices the curiously trun- 
cated character of their edges. The Andrew Gurney, whose 
wife's name was Mary, who had a son Robert baptized in 1667, 
and was a legatee to the extent of £^ by will of his spinster 
sister Mary, was almost certainly a brother. There was also a 
sister Alice, who married a Jennings of Wickhambrook, and a 
kinsman Thomas, 

Had it not been for Lothingland there would not have been 
a single bell in the county made by Edward Tookc, of Norwich. 
As it is there are three : — ■ 

1675. Blundeston, the larger of the two, 

1676. Oulton, treble, 

1677. „ second. 

His operations lasted from 167 1 to 1679, when he died, and 
was buried in All Saints' parish. He was the second son of 
William Tooke, Alderman of Norwich, and Sheriff in 1650. 
These little bells of his in Suffolk call for no remark. 

The London founders could hardly get their noses into the 
county during the heyday of John Darbie. John Hodson cast 
the Kersey fifth and the Shelley tenor in 1662, and Christopher, 
his son presumably, the fourth for Ipswich S. Mary-le-Tower 
and the East Bergholt fourth in 1688, and the Kersey fourth in 


the following year. Their bells are more notable for the Stuart 
coins on them than for specially fine tone. The family, I think, 
was of Cambridge extraction, the name of Christopher Hodson, 
gentleman, appearing in the Corporation Lease-book in the year 
1589.* The locality of the London foundry is not -known. 
Christopher was in a kind of partnership with his father for four 
or five years before 1677, when he removed to S. Mary Cray, 
when his foundry was " in the High Street, on or about the spot 
where the blacksmith's forge now stands, under the chestnut 
tree at the foot of the hill on which the vicarage is built."t No 
doubt Christopher each day attempted and did something to 
earn a night's repose, but it could not well have been always at 

The situation is too awkward. He probably itinerated, and 
as he cast Great Tom of Oxford in 1680, it would be worth 
while seeing whether the Christchurch compoti for that year 
throw any light on the point. That Great Tom is a poor bell 
considering its weight, 7 tons 12 cwt. 

. I return to Miles Graye the younger, whom we have already 
seen at Brantham and Stansfield. He was in Bedfordshire and 
Cambridgeshire from 1653 to 1656. These are also from him : — 

1656. Cockfield, third, 

1658. Chilton bell, 

„ Neivt07i-next- Sudbury, second, 

1659. Acton, second, 

„ Glemsford, second and third, 

1660. Thurlow, Great, treble, 

1661. Clare, fifth, 

1662. Stanstead, third and fourth, 

1663. Acton, third, 

„ Edwardstone, fifth, 

1664. Cornard, Great, third, 

„ Newton-next-Sudbury, fifth, 
„ Wiston, second, 
(He is in Cambridgeshire for the next three years.) 

* Church Bells of Cambridgeshire, p. 88. 

t Stahlschmidt's Chtwch Bells of Kent, p. 97. 


1671. Assington, treble, 

1672. Melford, Long, S. Catherine's Mission Room bell, 

which used to hang on the tower of the Parish 

1678. Hadleigh, treble and second, 

1679. „ third, 

1680. „ tenor, a fine bell, estimated to weigh 28 cwt., 

1681. Somerton, third, 

1683. Bildeston, third, 

„ Hawkedon, five, the fourth since recast, 

1684. Stutton, first three, 

1685. Acton, tenor. 

Another storm of politics was then raging over England, and 
some zealous Abhorrer marks the Acton tenor with " God save 
the King." About the middle of June in the following year, 
when James's Irish policy was in full bud. Miles Graye died at 
Colchester, leaving a shilling each to his children Samuel, 
Francis, Myles, James, Francis and Jane, and the residue to his 
widow Elizabeth. The gifts of his father had not fully de- 
scended to him or to his elder brother Christopher, whom we 
have only at Thrandeston, for which church he cast the fifth in 

In my Cambridgeshire book I traced him to Ampthill in 
1659. There can be no doubt that in 1677 he was at Ipswich 
helping John Darbie, for Mr. L'Estrangc* says that the former 
name is on the third, and the latter on the fourth at East 
Harling, both dated 1677, while in the churchwardens' accounts 
the item of 2s. 6d. appear " for writen the Artickells and the 
bond between John Darby and the Towen," £\ 6s. od. for 
bell-clappers bought of John Hollwell of Ipswich, and ^^3 6s. od. 
" payed John Darby in money for tow new bells casting." As 
no bells of Christopher Graye's are known to bear date 1673, 
1674, 1675, 1676, the probability is very strong that all this 
time he was helping Darbie, and that the Thrandeston tenor 
was made at Ipswich, like the East Harling third. 

* Church Bells of A'orfoik. p. 67. 


Being at Haddenham in 1683, very likely he was the man 
about whom the Rev. J. M. Freeman of Haddenham relates the 
following local story : — " An old inhabitant recalls a tradition of 
his early youth, some fifty years since, to the effect that there 
lived a bell-founder in this place in the olden time ; and that on 
one memorable occasion, when the operation of melting the 
metal had reached a critical stage, it was found that there was 
a deficiency in the supply of materials ; a few moments more 
and the process would he endangered, if not spoilt. Acting at 
once on the maxim that 'the end justifies the means,' our 
traditional ' man of metal ' rushed frantically from his foundry 
and made his way to a neighbouring inn — the present ' Rose 
and Crown,' so the story goes — making an unceremonious raid 
upon the establishment, ' whipping up ' the pewter pots and 
measures, as well as the ordinary vessels available for the 
purpose. These were hurriedly conveyed home and cast into 
the furnace in time, let us hope, to meet the exigences of the 
case. Passing, however, to the present time, I may just add, 
that in digging for the foundation of the new tower, a cavity 
was found in the rock, containing cinder ashes, portions of bell- 
metal and mussel shells, from which circumstances it has been 
conjectured that the church bells were, for convenience sake, 
cast on the very spot over which they were destined to hang."* 

From Haddenham records it is pretty plain that there was 
some connection between Christopher Graye and Charles 
Newman, who in 1684 seems to have moved on to Lynn from 
that village. Some of his bells are very good, and the county 
contains about thirty of them : — 

1686. Glemsford, tenor, 
„ Hemingstone bell, 

1688. Boxford, fourth, 

1 69 1 . Redgrave, five bells ^ 

1692. Stutton, second, 

1693. Clare, tenor, 

1695. Wickhambrook, second, 

* Cambridge Chronicle, February 5th, 1876. 


1696. Bentlcy bell, 

„ Bnty S. Edmund's, St. Marys, tenor, 

1697. Lakcnheath, fourth, 

„ Livcrmcrc, Little, bell, 

„ Stradbroke, third, 

1698. Buxhall, fourth, 
„ Lidgatc, third, 
„ Occold, third, 

„ Timworth, third, 

1699. Bacton, treble, 

„ Bradfield, S. Clare, tenor, 

„ Cockfield, third, 

„ Kettlebaston, second (?), 

„ Stowmarket, fifth, 

„ Thurston, fourth, 

„ Waisham-le-Willo\vs, second and third, 

1700. Cockfield, second, 
„ Erwarton bell, 

„ Walsham-le-Willo\vs, treble, 

170L Hundon, second, 

„ Thornham, Great, treble, second, and fourth, 

1702. Barham, third. 

This number pretty nearly equals that in Norfolk. There 
are some eight in Cambridgeshire, and none elsewhere. 

Comparing the Norfolk work with the Suffolk in 1699, his 
busiest year, I am inclined to think that he had returned to 
Lynn, after a ramble into West and South Suffolk. He seems 
to have made use of water-carriage both by river and sea. The 
bell at Blakeney was made by him in 1699, and two years 
afterwards the churchwardens of S, Laurence's, Norwich, fetched 
their tenor from the same little port, which is hardly possible to 
have been used as a business centre. Most of the contempora- 
neous Suffolk bells are within a fair distance of the river Lark ; 
and Lakenheath Lode would have carried the bell for that 
parish from the Little Ouse very conveniently. 

The arabesques on Charles Newman's bells are something 
like John Barbie's. His wife's christian name was Alice. 


While they were living at Haddenham, in 1682, she bore him a 
son Thomas, whose Suffolk works we shall have occasion to 

The wanderings of Thomas Newman were more frequent 
than extensive. He was born at Haddenham, April 2nd, 1682, 
and baptized on the 13th of the same month. The presence of 
Charles Newman's ornament on his earlier bells is to be noted. 
He began work when he -was only nineteen years of age, his 
earliest date being 1701. In the following year his head- 
quarters were at Norwich,* and after a few single casts, he 
adventured himself on a ring of five at Tunstead, Norfolk, cast- 
ing them (according to tradition) in the churchyard, with- no 
remarkable success. Two little fives of his in Cambridgeshire, 
Cambridge Holy Trinity and Foulmire, cast in 1705 and 1704, 
are of poor quality. His Suffolk list contains nothing very 
remarkable, the peculiarity of his bells, in my opinion, being 
their inability to make themselves heard among their fellows. 
Here it is : — 

1704. Culford bell, 

„ Walsham-le-Willows, fifth and tenor, 

1706. Somerleyton, tenor, 

1707. Elmham, South, S. James, second, 
171 1. Blythford bell, 

„ Kessingland, second, 

„ Rushbrooke, tenor, 

1727. Thornham, Little, bell, 

1728. Kessingland, third, 

„ Pakefield, tenor, " at Norwich," 

1729. Haverhill, tenor, 

1730. Lound, three bells, 
Lowestoft, S. Margaret, bell, 

„ Sapiston, second, 

1732. Burgh Castle, treble and second, 
„ Mildenhall, third and fourth, 

1733. Bardwell, fourth, 

* Teste, the bell at Howe, Norfolk. 


1733. Rushbrooke, tenor, 

1734. Cowlinge, treble and second, 

1735. Ashficld, Great, treble, 
Kentford, three bells, 
Lackford bell, 
Lawshall, five bells, 
PakenJLam.fonrtJi, "at Bury," 
Shimpling, first four, 

1736. Redgrave, lower five out of six, 

1737. Brome, five bells, 

„ Palgrave, six bells, 

1738. Boxstead, second, 

1 74 1. Fressingfield, third, fourth, 3.r\d fifth, 
„ Hcr7'ingswell, treble, 

„ Rickinghall Superior, tenor, 

1742. Wingfield, treble, 

1744. Mildenhall Clock bell (a good bell), 

1745. Ashfield, Great, second, 
„ Wrentham, fourth, 

In 17 19, in conjunction with Thomas Gardiner, he cast the 
tenor for Newmarket S. Mary. One thing is to be noticed in 
his favour, that where he cast once, he very often cast again. 
Between 171 1 and 1727 he was very busy in Norfolk, and after- 
wards in Cambridgeshire, Cambridge being his headquarters in 
1724, when he cast the tenor for Berden, Essex, and in the 
following year when he received money for the " brasses " 
(sockets for the gudgeons to turn in) for S.- Benedict's, Cam- 
bridge. But a reference to the foregoing list will show that 
before long he was back in Norwich, his foundry occupying the 
spot in " Brakindel," where now the "Richmond Hill" public- 
house stands. All the 1735 bells were doubtless cast at Bury. 

He was of a poetical turn, no " mute inglorious Milton." As 
early as 1706 his genius burst forth at Worstead in 

" I tell all that doth me see, 
That Newman in Brakindel did new cast mee." 

In 1707 he married Susan Aspland of Haddenham, who 


seems to have survived him, for the entry of his burial in S. 
John Sepulchre, April 20th, 1745, describes him as a married 

But neither family cares nor business trials could quench his 
light, which culminated in a lambent flame in 1732, when 

" Thomas Newman cast me new 
In 1732 (tew)," 

occurs at Burgh Castle, Mildenhall, and Winfarthing, 
Metaphor as well as rhyme occurs at Great Ashfield — 

" Pull on, brave boys, I am metal to the back- 
bone, but will be hanged before I crack.'' 

During his absence from Suffolk the Bracondale foundry was 
occupied by John Stephens, a very fair workman, from whom 
we have some twenty bells : — 

17 1 8. Burgh, S. Botolph, five bells (a treble afterwards 
„ Framlingham, treble and second to complete the 
octave. This seems to have been the second or 
third eight in Suffolk, Bungay S. Mary trebles to 
the old eight bearing the same date. 

1720. Bealings, Great, second, 
„ Framlingham, third, 

1 72 1. Eye, treble, second, and third. This seems to have 

been the third eight in Suffolk. 
Hawkendon, fourth, 
T tins tall, six bells, 
Wangford, S. Peter, fourth, 

1722. Mettingham, second, 

1723. Thorpe-by-Ixworth bell, 
„ Mildenhall, tenor, 

1724. Hessett, five bells (the fourth since recast), 

1726. Ringsfield, treble, 

1727. Bergholt, East, tenor (a fine bell), 

This was about his last work. His burial at S. John 
Sepulchre was on October 12th of that year, "widower." After 


his death the Rraconclalc foundry was occupied for a short time 
by Thomas Gardiner, of whom we shall speak presently, and 
with whom the long chronicle of Norwich founding ends. 

Gardiner forms a good connecting link between Norwich and 
Sudbury, to which latter town we will now turn, when Henry 
Pleasant, another poetaster, was at work, taking in the district 
the place of the younger Miles Graye. His list follows : — 

1691. Peasenhall, second, 

1692. Barnardiston, fourth, 

1694. Orford, second, 
„ Sibton, tenor, 

1695. Bradfield, S. George, treble, 
„ Drinkstone, tenor, 

„ Welnetham, Great, bell, 

1696. Drinkstone, second and fourth, tJiird and fifth, 
„ Hawstead, second and third, 

1697. Hitcham, fourth, 

1698. Nayland, second, 

1699. Stoke- by-Nayland, fifth, 

1700. Offton, second and fifth, 

1701. Euston, first three, 

„ Sudbury, All Saints, third, 
„ Westhorpe, first two, 

1702. HaiigJiley, treble, 

„ Lavenham, third and seventh, 
„ Preston, fifth, 

1703. Lavenham, fifth, 

„ Wetherden, tenor, 

1704. Preston, tenor, 

1706. Eyke, second, 

„ ' Framsdcn, tenor, 

„ Ipswich, S. Nicholas, five bells, save the second, 

„ Stonham, East, treble, 

,, Stutton, third, 

1707. Cornard, Little, second and third; and Brettenham 

treble, undated. 
He was evidently proud of his name, and in the last year of 
his life celebrated it thus at Maldon : — 


" When three this steeple long did hold, 
We were the emblems of a scold. 
No music then, but we shall see 
What Pleasant music six will be." 

At Thetford S. Cuthbert's he simply records : — 

" Henry Pleasant did me run 
In the year 1701." 

and with sublime idiom at Ipswich S. Nicholas : — 

" Henry Pleasant have at last 
Made as good as can be cast." 

Mr. L'Estrange* quotes a writer in the Bury and Norwich Post, 
probably the late Rev. Dr. Badham of Sudbury, to the effect 
that Pleasant succeeded the Grayes at Colchester about 1686, 
and afterwards removed his foundry to Sudbury. He also 
speaks of Pleasant as casting at Bracondale about 1705, and 
that he was in some way acting with Charles Newman about 
that time appears from the fact that while two bells at Blickling, 
dated 1703, bear the name of the latter, three years afterwards 
the parish recovered three pounds of the former. 

His English will not allow of his being considered the author 
of the not faultless hexameter on the tenor at Ipswich S. 
Nicholas : — 

" Marlburio duce castra cano vastata inimicis," which records 
that great general's victory over Villeroy at Ramilies. 

He left behind him a widow, Milicent, to whom letters of 
administration were granted February 12th, 1708. 

John Thornton, whose bells generally please me, followed 
him, casting in 

1708, Cornard, Great, treble, second, and tenor, 

17 1 2, Cornard, Little, bell, 
„ TJiiirloiv, Great, fourth, 

(both these in conjunction with John Waylett,) 
17 16, Acton, treble, 

* Church Bells of Norfolk, p. 67. 


1718, Boxford, tenor (his most important work), 
„ Burstall, three bells, 

„ Withersficld, fourth, 

1 7 19, Wiston, tenor, 

1720, Hundon, tenor. 

There are also nice tenors of his at Chevcley and West 
Wickham, and a neat little five at Newmarket All Saints, all 
given in my Cambridgeshire book, and three bells in Norfolk, 
at Pulham S. Mary-the-Virgin, and Shropham. Otherwise he 
is not found but in Suffolk and Essex, His "infrequent 
partner," Waylett, however, is known in Sussex (17 15-1724), 
Hertfordshire (1716), Kent (17 17-1727), and Surrey (17 18). 

Some of Waylett's work in the South was done for Samuel 
Knight of Reading. He appears to have been a good, though 
rough workman, but he hardly belongs to us, and we will pass 
to the last Sudbury founder, who has been already mentioned, 
Thomas Gardiner. He started just after Thornton, his earliest 
date being 1709, when like others of the craft, his first efforts 
were not fully appreciated. Edwardstone was the earliest scene 
of his labours, where he was entrusted with splicing in three 
Miles Grayes (two of the elder and one of the younger) as third, 
fourth, and fifth in a ring of six. No fault apparently was 
found with his treble ; but a local genius, one William Culpeck, 
otherwise to fame unknown, disagreed with him about the note 
of the second, designated him as a " want-wit," then no uncom- 
mon term of reproach, as we know from the Pilgriins Progress, 
and humbled him by compelling him to cast on that bell these 
words, "Tvned by W'"- Culpeck, 1710." But a quarrel with a 
founder is like a quarrel with a newspaper editor, and Gardiner 
had his revenge of the last word on casting the tenor, which he 
inscribed : — 

" About ty second Cvlpeck is wrett 
Becavse the fovnder wanted wett 
Thair jvdgments were bvt bad at last 
Or elce this bell I never had cast. 
Tho. Gardiner." 
Etymologically this' is valuable, " ty " being the representative 


of "the," well-known to all who talk the beloved East Anglian 
tongue, and " wett " for " wit," shows the local pronunciation at 
the beginning of the eighteenth century. 
At Ickworth he writes — 

" Tho. Gardiner he me did cast, 
I'll sing his praise unto the last," 
but otherwise he is plain enough, save that he sometimes puts 
on his bells impressions of coins, as at Pakefield, where I found 
those of a coin of John V. of Portugal, dated 1745, and a half- 
penny of our George II., and uses a small cross reduced from a 
mediaeval one at S. Giles's, Norwich. His Suffolk list is a long 
one : — 

1709. 1710. Edwardstone, treble, second, and tenor, 

1 7 10. Badingham, fourth, 

171 1. Ickworth bell, 

1712. Weston, Market, treble, 

17 1 3. Rendlesham, second, 
„ Snape, tenor, 

1 7 14. Boxford, treble, 

„ Campsey Ash, second, 

. „ Hemley bell, 

„ Rendlesham, treble, 

Waldringfield bell, 

„ Wenham, Little, bell, 

„ Wrentham, third, 

1715. Bredfield, third, 
„ Mickfield, tenor, 

1 7 16. Hinderclay, second, 

„ Kersey, treble, second, and clock bell, 

„ Sternfield, third, 

„ Sweffling, tenor, 

1 7 17. Witnesham, tenor, 

17 1 8. Bildeston, tenor, 
„ Chediston, treble, 
,, Sweffling, third, 

Wissett, second, third, and tenor (at Benhall), 

1 7 19. Wattisham, treble. 



Wyverstone, second, 


Huntingfield, five (the treble recast), 


Knettishall, treble, 


Lidgatc, tenor. 


Barningham, tenor, 


Glemham, Great, second. 


Harkstead, third, fourth, and tenor, 


Hintlesham, fourth. 


Holbrook, tenor, 


Huntingfield, treble. 


Wrentham, treble, 


Poslingford, fourth, 


Stoke-by-Nayland, treble. 


Thetford, S. Mary, fourth, 


Weston, Market, tenor, 


Clare, clock bell, 


Greeting, S. Peter, bell, 


Elmsett, treble. 


Hepworth, first three, 


Hundon, third. 


Greeting, S. Mary, bell, 


Stonham, Earl, second, 


Falkenham, third and fourth, 


Rumburgh, third. 


Gampsey Ash, third, 


Thelnetham, tenor. 


Euston, fourth, 


Barton, Great, treble, 


Easton, treble, 


Burgate, tenor. 


Ipswich, S. Mary-at-Quay, treble, 


Ipswich, S. Peter, second, 


Hinderclay, fifth. 


Barnham, S. Gregory, second and tenor, 


Ipswich, S. Peter, fifth, 


Ofifton, treble. 


Winston, fourth. 


1739. Orford, tenor, 

1740. Alderton bell, 

„ VVesthorpe, third, 

1743. Eriswell, tenor, 

„ Kedington, second, 

„ Stradishall, treble, 

1744. Hitcham, tenor, 
„ Preston, fourth, 

1745. Stratford, S. Mary, second (in this year he removed to 


1746. Burgate, treble and second, 

1747. Acton, fourth (surely from Sudbury), 

1748. Mendham, treble, second, fourth, and tenor, 

1749. Pakefield, treble, 

1750. Cove, North, treble and second, 

175 1. Mildenhall, tenor (" Norwich," a fine bell), 
„ Ipswich, Holy Trinity, bell, 

1754. Boxford, third 
„ Glemsford, fourth 
„ Rattlesden, first four 

1755. Dalham, treble 
His latest known date is 1759, on two bells at Danbury, 

Essex. The writer in the Bury Post, already quoted, says that 
the Hospitallers' Yard, near Ballingdon Bridge, and Curds or 
Silkweaver's Lane were successively the sites of foundries. 
This is all that can be said about Gardiner, save that in poetry 
Dr. Johnson would have called him a " barren rascal," for he 
uses the same jingle in 1754 as at Ickworth in 1711. And now 
comes a man of some little local interest, John Goldsmith of 
Redgrave, no poet, but fortunately a preserver of ancient dedi- 
cations, his bells being frequently inscribed " Maria," " Gabriel," 
etc. In tone his bells are rather sweet than powerful. About 
twenty of them remain in Norfolk and Suffolk, and none in any 
other county. I append a complete list, with N. before those 
from Norfolk. 

1702. Badley, second, Jl/ar/a. 
„ „ third, Margaret. 


(all of these two years at 


N. 1707. Frenze bell. 

N. 1708. Pulham, S. Mary-the-Virgin, fifth, Margaret 

1 7 10. Darmsden bell, JSIaria. 

171 1. Hoxnc, third, Gabriel. 

„ Oakley, Great, treble, Margaret. 
„ second and fifth, 

N. 171 1. ShimpHng, third (split). 

„ Thetford, S. Mary, tenor, Maria. 
N. „ Terrington, S. Clement, second, Maria. 

1712. Rickinghall Superior, second, third, fourth, and 

fifth (very small). 
N. „ Ellingham, Little, bell, 
N. „ Rushall bell. 
N. „ Thorpe Abbot's, second. 

17 1 3. Wilby, treble. 

We know from Tom Martin that the tenor at Thetford S. 
Mary was inscribed : — 

-5- 33ona 3ilepcnDc ^la. II050 i^agDalcna i^ada, 
from which it appears that Goldsmith's learning did not extend 
to deciphering the whole inscription, or he would have lettered 
his recast bell Alagdaleti instead of Maria. 

His Margarets were probably Brasyer's, bearing 

''* JFac iWargarcta. iloftis |i?cc iiXuncra B-cta, or Londoners with 

-5- fl)cc iiora CTainpana i>Xargarcta lest i^lominata. 

His Gabriel^ the Hoxne third, was no doubt the Angclus bell 
of that parish, probably a Brasycr, with the well-known 

+ p?ac In CoHclafac. (gabticl ilunc ^jJangc ^uafae. 

With the solitary exception of Tattington tenor, cast by the 
well-known firm of Ransomes and Sims, at Ipswich, in 1853, 
the record of bells cast in the county now closes. 

Having now altogether disposed of the bells of East Anglian 
make in Suffolk, we will revert to the Metropolis. 

There are two sid generis at Kelsale, and one at Crowfield. 
All the rest come from the great foundry of Whitechapel, from 
which as yet we have only had one specimen, the bell at Great 
Finborough, 1609. 

The Kelsale bells in question are the second and the sixth, 



both dated 1708, the former bearing the name of John Peele, 
the latter that of Samuel Newton also. The site of their 
foundry is denoted by a court called Founder's Court, in the 
parish of S. Giles, Cripplegate, marked in old Ward maps. 
Newton was the master, and Peele the apprentice. Though the 
former was Master of the Founders' Company in 171 1, there 
are very few of his bells in existence. The same remark applies 
to the latter, son of Samuel Peele, " latt of Bishopsgatt silkman 
deceased," whose apprenticeship was out in 1704, and who died 
in reduced circumstances between 1752 and 1755.* The Crow- 
field bell was made in 1740 by Robert Catlin, who in that year 
was elected a " love brother " of the Founders' Company, and 
took up the business of Samuel Knight of Holborn.-f" 

Pig. 88. 

Nearly a century separates the two first Whitechapel bells. 
The Somerleyton second is by James Bartlett in 1700, and 
bears a well-known mark of his (fig. 88). The name of the 
donor. Sir Richard Allen, Bart., appears on it. 

James Bartlett, the elder son of Anthony Bartlett, a "lone 
man," wrought for about a quarter of a century, doing more 
work in the home counties than in East Anglia, where there are 

* Stahlschmidt's C. B. of Kent, pp. 103, 104. 
t P. loS. 


three small College-chapel bells in Cambridge, and three not 
very notable specimens in Norfolk, besides this Somerleyton 
second. He died in 1701 intestate, and letters of administration 
were granted to his sister, Elizabeth Bixon, widow. He was 
succeeded by a very able man, Robert Phelps, said to have been 
a native of Avebury in Wiltshire, from whom we have : — 

1 7 10. Charsfield, treble, 

171 1. Kcttleburgh, treble, 
1723. Bruisyaj'd, treble, 
172S. Ottley, second, 

„ Stonham, Little, tenor, 

1729. Rendham, second, 

173 1. Bedfield, second, 

1734. Bures, second and third, 

„ Bury, S. Mary's, eight bells, splicing in the present 
fourth, a William Brend. Weight of tenor, 24 
cwt., in D sharp, very good, 

„ Soham, jMonk, second, 

1735. Bredfield, second, 

1736. Helmingham, third, 

„ Trimley, S. Mary's, bell, 

1737. Ringshall, treble. 

The first on the list has a truly notable legend \- — " Sic Sache- 
verellvs [ore melos] immortali olli [ecclesiae defensori h] anc dicat 
[Gvlielmvs] Leman de Cher[sfield Eqves 17 10. R. Phelps]." 

This is restored from Carthcw's MS., and though " constructio 
latet," as Person would have said, there can be no doubt as to 
the political feeling which dictated it. But the immortality of 
Dr. Sacheverell is not very enviable, and though " Hoy for Hoy 
Church and Sachcfrel " was the shout at many a harvest home,* 
it may be doubted whether the name would have got into 
history save for that zeal which prompted his impeachment. 

However, Sir William Leman thought well of him, and he 
may stand in the same hagiology as Thomas of Canterbury, 
though only a star of an inferior order. Phelps, described as 

* IVaverhy, ch. li. 


" a man from y^ High Street," was buried at Whifechapel in 

Thomas Lester, then thirty-three years old, took up his work. 
His predecessor had given the county an almost complete eight 
at Bury S. Mary's, He followed with six at Coddenham in 
1740, either wholly in great part the gift of Theodore Eccleston, 
Esq., of Crowfield Hall. But the tenor, of 15 cwt, had to be 
recast in 1742, and then two trebles were added. In the three 
following years the same generous donor and the same founder 
were concerned in the first ten that were ever heard in Suffolk, 
the Stonham Aspall bells, tenor 24 cwt. ; and the brick tower 
at Long Melford delighted by its eight tuneful bells, tenor 16 
cwt, the ears of many whose eyes it had outraged. Besides 
these he made the two smaller bells at Cotton and the three 
smaller at Thelnetham. Soon afterwards he took Thomas 
Pack into partnership, and lived on to 1769, when he died of 

I have now reached a period with which the antiquary is 
hardly concerned ; and I shall only notice the principal works 
of later founders. A pleasant five at Ousden, tenor 14)^ cwt, 
came from Lester and Pack in 1758, the gift of Thomas Moody, 
Esq., and the Reverend Richard Bethell ; then in 1761 followed 
the eight at Debenham, tenor 20 cwt., while in the next year 
Suffolk saw the smallest five then known. Great Livermere, 
tenor 5 cwt., and a mighty ten boomed over the Waveney 
valley, from the massive tower at Beccles, tenor 27^ cwt* But 
these were originally a bad casting, and it is rather a marvel 
how they have lasted so long. The third was recast in 1804, 
and the sixth and seventh in 1871, after having existed in a 
cracked condition for many years. The treble, second, fourth, 
and eighth have wooden crowns, the eighth having also a strong 
iron band round the shoulder, though I could not discover 
where the crack was. The ninth has a crack in the crown, 
which did not amount to much when I examined it in i86r. 
On a second visit, in 1869, I found that a piece of metal, 

* So by weight, in 1871. Lester and Tack's list gives 28 cwt., and common 
repute 29 cwt. 


weighing some 1 5 lbs., had fallen from the lip of the seventh, 
while the fourth chattered, and the vibration of the sixth was a 
minimum. In the section of the fracture of the seventh, I 
observed that the metal was quite clear and free from honey- 
comb, but there was an oval-shaped grain, like the grain of 
wood, the nucleus of it in the middle of the fracture. Under 
these circumstances the Beccles folk need not be surprised at 
further collapses. 

I am informed by Mr. S. B. Goslin, of the Cripplegate 
foundry, where the sixth and seventh were recast, that the pecu- 
liarity noticed by me occurs when castings are poured, the 
metal flowing in having a chilled surface or cake, which may 
slip in unless sufficient care is exercised, or sometimes from a 
chill in the mould, which for some reason may be cooler in one 
part than another. In such cases the metal, not being lively 
enough with heat, flows sluggishly, hence such faults in the 

After Lester's death Chapman became Pack's partner. They 
made five for Gazeley, tenor 10 cwt., in 1775, and a similar ring 
for Cavendish in 1779. Pack died of decline in 1781, and 
Chapman of consumption in 1784. In the meantime a young 
man from Canterbury, William Mears, had been taken into the 
Whitechapel business. His name appears on the little five at 
Moulton, tenor 6 cwt. After Chapman's death William Mears 
brought in his brother Thomas (said to have been a brewer) 
from Canterbury, and the two brothers cast the six for Clopton 
in 1788. Nothing of note came from Whitechapel after this 
till 1 804, when Thomas Mears made the sixth for Worlingworth. 
The Duchess of Chandos, then resident in the parish. Lord 
Henniker, Emily, Lady Henniker, and others were benefactors, 
as may be seen in the list of inscriptions. The Suffolk nobility 
have not been unmindful of the bells on their estates. The Earl 
of Dysart gave eight to Helmingham (by Thomas Mears the 
younger) in 181 5. 

In 1820 the inhabitants of Bungay cut down a fine peal of 
eight, the second or third oldest in the county, to the present 
set, losing some 2 cwt in the weight of the tenor, though 

A ship's bell. 151 

possibly gaining in equability. The present tenor is in F sharp, 
and further information will be found in the list of inscriptions. 
Sev^en for Sudbury S. Gregory's, with a tenor of Pack and 
Chapman's, gave that tower a complete Whitechapel eight in 
1 82 1, and Polstead exchanged a grand old five (probably with 
one or two cracked) for a lighter but tuneful six of Thomas 
Mears's in 1825. Norton and Nowton, his last considerable 
works in Suffolk, followed in 1829. Fornham S. Martin's six 
in 1844 were from his sons, Charles and George Mears, the 
latter of whom survived his brother, dying at Landport, Ports- 
mouth, in 1873. From his hand we have the five at Ingham, 
" offered " (as we find from the bells themselves) " at the church 
at Ingham in memory of her Ancestors by Frances Wakeham, 
June, i860." 

My fellow-townsman, Mr. Robert Stainbank, took up the 
Whitechapel work some time before George Mears's death. 
From him we have two sixes, Troston (1868), and Gorleston 
(1873), both prompted by the same kindly natal feeling, the 
former also notable for the preservation, as far as possible, of 
the old inscription. The donors, respectively, were E. Stanley 
and Miss Miriarn Chevallier Roberts. 

The Whitechapel foundry has had of late a formidable rival 
in the Warners of Cripplegate. They did a mighty work at 
the "Tower" Church, Ipswich, in .1866, putting a treble and a 
tenor to the existing ten, and recasting the present ninth, so as 
to prevent tuning. Ipswich knows the history of all this work, 
and it is as needless for me to rehearse it, as to sing the praises 
of the great twelve, from which I heard a good touch of Grand- 
sire Cinques in December, 1887, when superintending the 
Cambridge Local Examination. 

The sixth and seventh at Beccles were recast by the Cripple- 
gate men in 1871. Two trebles were added by them to 
Sudbury S. Peter's in 1874, and All Saints' followed suit two 
years afterwards. 

A single bell by Oliver of Wapping hangs in Stowupland 
bell-cot. I know no more of the make. 

In Lavenheath tinkles an old ship's bell, rather curious than 
antique, bearing the words — 


" Back Skieppet ADoLF Guten 

Bygdt Stockholm 

i Jacobstad A. X. iSoi af Gerhard Horner." 

When the good barque Adolphus, built at Jacobstad, on the 
east coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, perished, I know not, or how 
the bell came to Lavenheath. " Guten " may be noted as the 
Scandinavian for " cast," and compared with the Flemish 
" ghegoten." 

We must now notice a few Suffolk bells by a Suffolk man, 
John Briant, of Exning, born there in the middle of the last 
century, and intended for Holy Orders. His love for mechanics 
and clock-making, however, regulated his destiny, and he 
developed into bell-founding at Hertford about 1781, when he 
made the five for Great Thurlow, tenor 13 cwt. In 1800 he 
cast the old five at Great Waldringfield into six, an achievement 
which we do not find recorded in his lists. In 1807 and the 
two following years he recast the tenor at Little Thurlow, 
added a treble to Gazeley, and recast the third and fourth 
(apparently Thomas Newman's) at Cowlinge. 

For some years he had the benefit of the foremanship of 
Islip Edmunds, who had served Arnold in the same capacity. 
An honest, capable, and enthusiastic member of his craft, his 
advice was sought by the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln when 
the old " Great Tom " was broken, though at the time he had 
given up the foundry. His sensible, straightforward correspon- 
dence may be read in North and Stahlschmidt's ClinrcJi Bells of 
Hertfordshire* and the course of events abundantly justified 
his counsel. It is painful to record that he fell into difficulties 
through his unselfishness, and ended his days as a pensioner in 
the Spencer Almshouses at Hertford, in 1829, not living to 
witness the completion of the New "Tom o' Lincoln" in 1834. 

The great Leicester foundry of the Newcombes and Wattses, 
though claiming, as it seems, East Anglian, origin by the free 
use of Brasyer's Norwich shield, did not touch Suffolk ; but 
Joseph Eayre of S. Neot's, who for his part claimed business 

Pp. 57, &c. 


descent from Watts, has left his mark at Haverhill, when he 
recast the fourth in 1765. His foreman, Thomas Osborn, and 
his cousin, Edward Arnold, continued the foundry for a little 
time, but soon separated, the former going to Downham Market. 
From the latter we have a little ring of five at Whepstead 
(1774), and a recast or two. Towards the end of the century 
Arnold brought the foundry back to Leicester, and was suc- 
ceeded by Robert Taylor, one of whose sons, John, with his 
elder brother William, after working at Oxford, and in Devon- 
shire and Cornwall, finally took up his quarters at Loughborough 
in 1840. Their first Suffolk work to be noted is the turning of 
the "Tower" eight into ten in 1845. 

When I was a boy, disliking much the noise in Worlington 
tower, I got up a subscription, and the Taylors recast the fourth 
and added a treble there. 

Ten years afterwards they put the Mildenhall folk into 
possession of a tuneable six, and nine years after that recast 
the three for Herringswell, after the fire at that interesting 
little church. Then 1879 saw the octave completed at Strad- 
broke, during the incumbency of the present Bishop of Liverpool, 
and in 1884 filial and fraternal affection moved the members of 
the well-known family of Garrett of Leiston to do the same 
work for their parish church. A peculiarity of St. Neot's work 
used to be the heavy clapping of 1,4, 6, 8. I know not whether 
this is still observed. The effect would be manifest. 

From the St. Neot's foundry arose that at Downham Market. 
Thomas Osborn, son of Richard Osborn, joiner of that town, 
baptized 1741, had been foreman to Joseph Lay re, and for a 
while partner with Arnold. About 1778 they dissolved partner- 
ship, and Osborn returned to his native place, where he 
conducted an extensive business. For a short time he was in 
partnership with Robert Patrick of Whitechapel (from whom by 
himself we have Holbrook third, 1783); but the bulk of his 
work bears no name but his own. 

He made between sixty and seventy bells in our county, the 
earliest being Great Barton third, in 1779, and the latest. Little 
Glemham treble and Woodbridge eight, twenty years afterwards. 



His work is generally held in good repute, and his cJief d'ocnvre 
is the fine ten in the Norman tower at Bury, in D, tenor 30 
cwt.* He died in December, 1806, and lies in Downham 
Market Churchyard. For the last six years of his life his name 
seldom occurs, his grandson, William Dobson, managing the 
foundry. Suffolk has but two bells of this time, Coney Weston 
bell, 1802, and Hadleigh fifth, 1806. Afterwards Dobson cast 
between thirty and forty of our bells, none of more note than 
the treble and second at Lavenham in 181 1, a little five for 
Brandon in 1815, and the Horningsheath (Horringer) six in 
1818. His work is very variable, from the excellent peal at 
Diss to the not excellent peal at S. Nicholas, Liverpool. After 
a while he fell into difficulties. Thomas Mears of Whitechapel 
purchased his business in 1833. He went to London, was made 
a brother of the Charterhouse, when he died and was buried in 

From Birmingham we have six at Christ Church, Lowestoft, 
by Messrs. Blews and Son, and a bell at Newbourne by Carr, 

The Redenhall foundry, under my friends Moore, Holmes, 
and Mackenzie, were not so successful in Suffolk as in Norfolk. 
They have given us a bell at Holton S. Peter's, 1881, and six at 
Weybrcad, their first effort in 1879. I much admire the tone of 
some of their individual bells, and wish that Weybread may 
some day experience Walter of Odyngton's " cos et lima," so as 
to " tell the tale " as prettily as Winterton tells it, or as Thorpe 
would tell it if it had a tower stout enough to carry the eight 
made for it. As to their work at Southwold, the pity was that 
they attempted to do anything with such a queer, though inter- 
esting, crew as the present tenants of that glorious tower. 

Winterton was occupied by a very " scratch " five, and my 
counsel to my friends was to attempt nothing with splicing, but 
send them all to the boiler. The result has been very good, 
only the Wintertonians would have six out of metal that sufficed 
for five. Let Southwold take the same course. London, 
Loughborough, Birmingham — any one of them will do the work, 

* Note from Robert Carr. Weight from Dobson's list, 
t n Estrange s Church Bells of Norfolk, p. 49. 


but let the whole eight know the power of the furnace, and if 
means do not suffice, have a fairly heavy six, and leave it to 
the future to put on the trebles. Cutting down is often an 
irreparable evil. 

My story ends where I took it up in 1848, at Mildenhall. 
After the many vicissitudes already related, the parishioners 
determined to have a peal of eight worthy of their church, in 
commemoration of the Jubilee year of Queen Victoria's reign. 

Happily they were induced not to top a light six with two 
trebles, but to " top and tail " with a treble and tenor, flattening 
by a semitone the old fourth, now the fifth, which being a rather 
thick bell, from Loughborough, stood the operation well. Mr. 
Lawson, the representative of Mears and Stainbank, of White- 
chapel, undertook the work, and carried it out admirably. 

The detail will be found under the head of that parish. 

I cannot close this work without an expression of thankful- 
ness to Him from whom all mercies come, for the continuance, 
amongst varied scenes of labour, of the will and power to 
persevere in what seemed once an impossible task. So many 
friends have helped me that I cannot thank them individually. 
Not a few, indeed, have left this world, and of those that remain 
I have lost sight of many in the labours of forty years. But 
none the less do I cherish an affectionate recollection, so far as 
memory will extend, of my kind helpers. 

Long may dear old "sely" Suffolk resound at all appointed 
times with the solemn and yet cheery music of the " peaceful 
bells," which 

" Still upon the hallowed day, 
Convoke the swains to praise and pray ! " 



ilje €ljmdj §dh of Suffolk. 

1. ACTOM A// Sawfs. 5 Bells. 

1 John Thornton made me 1716. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1659. Nicholas Kerington. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1663. 

4 Tho. Gardiner fecit 1747. 

5 Miles Graye made me 1685. God save the King. 

" Great bells iiij." Return ot 1553. 

Davy, Aug. i8th, 1S26, rotes the date of the 2nd as 1679, and the name 
" Kennington " ; also the 5th as 1684. 2, 3, 4 chipped. 

2. AKENHAM S. Marj: i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1678. (45 in.) 

3 in 1553- 
Davy, 9 Sept., 1827, did not go up to it. 

3. A L D E B U R G H 5.9. Paer and Paul. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner and Son, London, 1885. 
Rev. H. Thompson, B.A., Vicar, 

N. f!^ Hde I Churchwardens. 
Hung by G. Day and Son, Eye. 

2 Lester and Pack of London fecit 1764. 

3 Anno Domini 1622. W. L B. 

4 Recast by John Warner and Sons, London, 1884. 
Rev. H. Thompson, B.A., Vicar. 

XT 17 IT 1 I Churchwardens. 
N. F. Hele ) 

Hung by G. Day and Son, Eye. 

5 Lester and Pack of London fecit 1764. 

Jn°. Wynter and Samuel Aldrick Ch. Wardens. 

6 Thomas Mears of London fecit 1820. 
Clock-bell. 181 2. 

" Great bells iiij. Sancts Eells j." Return of 1553. Old 4 by J. Darbie. 


In Davy's MS. 2 and 3, then i and 2, are reversed, and the bell recast in 
i88| has the same inscription as the present 3rd. The old tenor was inscri- 
bed " Miles Graye made me 1653." 

No mention of bells in certif. of iij Nov. 1547. 

4. ALDERTON .9. ^;/^;r7<:'. i Bell. 

Bell. Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1740. 
No mention of bells in certif. of iij Nov. 1547. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Davy notes the steeple about half down, 9 June, 1830. 

5. ALDH AM S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. XJ 65 thrice. 

+ 67. <§aitfta D iWaria Q ©ra Q iPro D Mohii. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
" One " Davy, 19 Aug., 1825. Faculty for sale of two, 1759. 

6. ALDRINGHAM 5. Afidrew. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Mears Founder London. 1842. 

Diameter i8j in. 

"One" Davy, 1808. 

From Eastern Counties' Collectanea, p. 239, we know that there were three 
in 1687, when Bishop Lloyd granted a faculty for the sale of two. These 
were probably those alluded to in the words: — "All ornamets playt and 
belles belongyng to ow^ Cherche ar fore to sell." Certif. iiij Nov., 1547. 
5 in 1553. A. cum Thorpe. 

7. ALKmSTOH S. Jo/m Baptist. 

Ecclesia destructa. 
No return in 1553. 

8. ALPHETON .S^". Fcter and Paul. 2 Bells. 

1 Roberd O Gvrney made me [667. '^ 

2 Robard O Gvrney made me 1667. ^ 

The mark between the names is a flower with eight petals. 
Two heavier bells are said to have disappeared in the early part of the 
eighteenth century. Traces of them still remain. 
"Alton, Great bellis ij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, Aug. 16, 1S31, "2 bells." 

9. AMPT OH S. Feter. 4 Bells. 

1 Presented by the Honorable Clara E. C. Paley, 1888. 

On a medallion below, John Taylor & Co., Lough- 

2 Johanes Draper me fecit 1608. 

3 □ 6 thrice. 

-(- 47. SAnCTA : mAl^GTA : OI\A PP^O : 

llOBIS : THOmAS : BGCI-T. ^^ 

4 6 thrice. <>-■'->- ^'' 
+ 7. □ SAnCTG □ AHDI^GA □ OI\A Q PI\0 

□ llOBIS □ DGP^^BY. 

See pp. 12, 41. The occurrence of fig. 6 on a Norwich and a London A 

bell in the same tower is remarkable. The "second" mentioned on p. 41 
has become the third. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

"Three bells and a clock,' Davy, 


10. ASHBOCKING^// ^.7////.-. 2 Bells. 

1 Miles Ciraye made me 1615. 

2 15^4 D ^5 five times. 
2 in 1553. 

Davy, 7 May, 1824, notes i "Blank," and the old tenor " Thos. Gardiner 
made me 1745." 

Terrier, 13 May, 1806. " Item, three bells with their frames." 

n. ASH BY .5. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

" Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 
No bells. Davy. 

12. ASHFIELD, GREAT, All Saints. Tenor Ab, c. 11 cwt. 

5 Bells. 

1 Tho. Newman fecit 1735. Thomas Rice Churchwarden. 
Pull on, brave boys, I am metal to the back- 
bone, but will be hanged before I'll crack. 

2 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1745. 

3 John Draper made me 1631. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

4- cSwm ^ofa ^ulfata iHuntt iWaria ITotata. 

5 U 65 thrice. 

-j- i^evitis CJDmuntJt Simug 51 ©viminc itlunDi. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 6 July, 1843, no notes. 

13. ASHFIELD, LITTLE, ^. Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 W. M. Moss Churchwarden. 1825. 
T. Mears of London fecit. 

2 Charoli Framlingham Militis 1568. 

He was resident at Crow's Hill, Debenham, in 1542. His sole heiress 
was married to Sir Charles Gawdy of Debenham. 

This seems to be the " Ashefeld," of which Wyllm Seme and Wyllm 
Roger were C. W. iij Nov., 1547, when they made return, "We have styll 
remaynyng a peyer of Shalys and iij Bells." Same return in 1553. 

" The church has long been down . . . part of the steeple still remains, 
and it is a picturesque object. A small bell hangs near the ground in a 
latticed shed, at the east end of the chancel." Davy. See Thorpe next 
Ashfield, whence the larger bell came. 

14. ASPALL. I Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
2 in 1553. 
Davy, 7 Nov., 1815, " 2 bells." 

15. ASSINGTON .S. ^^;;/?/«./. 4 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 167 1. 

2 illegible. 

3 _|_ HOG ; siGnvm : sgi\ya ; xpg : mAi\iA : 


4 + i^iffi tic ccHsi j^abeo nomcn CSabttclig. Weight said 

to be 19 cwt., diameter 43 in. 
See p. 10 for 3. 4 belongs to the group on pp. 34, 35. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, Oct. 2, 182S. "The steeple is a square tower, containing 5 bells, 
but I could not get up." 


16. ATHELINGTON 5. /'.Yrr. 3 Bells. 


2 4- : omAGDAIJGnA : DUG : nos : AD GAUDIA 



See pp. 61 — 63. 

" Alyngton, Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 25 Nov. 1813, notes 3 small bells. 

The musical notes are E. D. C. Teste Rev. H. W. Thornton. 

17. B ACT ON S. Mary. Tenor G#. 5 Bells. 

I Charles Newman made me 1699. 

2, 5 Thomas Mears Founder London 1841. 

Reyd. E. B. Barker, Rector. 

Edward Cooper 1 r-u u j 
,,,.,,. T' r Churchwardens. 

William Kerry ] 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-f ^ancta D #TarR Q <9ra Q i^ro D i^obtg. 

4 Pack and Chapman of London fecit 1772. 

4 in 1553. 2 and 5 flattened by turning. 
Davy, 21 July, 1831, " 5 bells." 

18. BADINGH AM S. /o/in Ba/>f/sL 5 Bells. 

1 Anno Domini 1630. 

2 Anno Domini 1624. 

A B 

3 ^nno JSomini 1624. 

A B 

4 Thomas Gardiner made me 17 10. 

5 Anno Domini 1624. 
U 5°- 

No mention of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. 
4 in 1553. 

Two of them noted correctly by Davy, 27 May, 1S06. 
One recast by Warner in 1889. 

19. BAD LEY S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 68 -|- 68 sancte : augustinc ora pro nobis. 

2 -(-John Goldsmith fecit 1702. W. R. S^ Maria. 

3 Ex dono Elebth Pooley -f- John Goldsmith fecit 1702. 

S'. Margaret. 

Cross on i identical with that at Radwinter. This bell has no crown- 

3 in 1553- 

Davy, 15 June, 1827, imperfectly reports as above. 

20. BADWELL ASH S. Mary. Tenor Ff. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 4 John Draper made me 1630. 
3 John Darbie made me 1664. 
5 U 50 thrice. (Diameter 41^ in.) 
4- 61 ilRuncrc 33apttstc D 62 UcncDictuS =it ©j^orug Bte. 


" Ashefekl p'va. Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
" Five," Martin ; and Davy, 6 j uly, 1843. 

21. BAR DWELL SS. Peter and Paul 6 Bells. 

1 Tho. Gardiner Svdbvry fecit 17 19. 

2 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1770. 

3 Vv'illiam Eaton Churchwarden 1820. 

4 Thomas Spinluf & Charles Phillips C.W. T. Newman 

fecit 1733. 

5 Tho. Newman fecit 173- Roger Cooke, Robert Bvgg. 


6 John Brett Churchwarden, Tho^ Osborn Downham 

fecit 1780. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
"6," Davy, July 26, 1832. 

22. BARHAM S. Mary. Diameter of tenor 40I in. 4 Bells. 

T John Darbie made me 1683. S. D. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1641. 

3 Charles Newman made me 1702. Francis Weekes C.W. 

4 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs. Tonni me fecit W. L. 


Left blank in 1553 report. Probably 3, as the numbers fall short of the 
total by 4, of which Darmsden may reckon for i . 

Davy, 31 May, 1827, gives obviously wrong dates for i and 2, which he 
also crosses. 

23. BARKING ^. J/^ry. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1659. 
Frances Theobald Esq. 

2 John Darbie made me 1659. 
Thomas Roberts Bvgg Mvdd. 

3 Miles Graye made me 16-4. 

4 IJ 9 thrice. 

-[-13 ?i?,ic In Condabc Gabriel i!iunc i^angc *ualJ^ 

5 8 thrice. 

-|- 12 ir^iotrge ^rccc ^la C&uo$ ©onboto ^amta iHarla. 

Seep. 17. Ncedham-in Barking. 
No return of bells in certif of 1547. 4 in 1553. 

So Davy, 16 June, 1827, though, like ourselves, he cannot read the date 
on 3. 1, 4, 5 cracked. 

24. BARNARDISTON ^// .W/^A-. Tenor 37 in. 5 Bells. 

1 Milo Graie me fecit. 

2 Milo Graie me fecit per nun. 

3 u 25 + 22 U 26. 

^ancta iHfiria ^fclagtialena (Ttra ^ro iiobi'S. 

4 Henry Pleasant made mee 1692. 

5 □ omnes = sahgti ; dgi \ oi\atg ; Pi\o : 


See pp. 8, 24. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

No notes. Davy. 


25. BARN BY S. John Baptist. i Eell. 

Bell. U 52 thrice. %q\}. J^iptng. 
-|- 61 In iWultis Slnnis D 62 lS,csonct ®amfa %^\iKi>. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

26. BARN HAM 5. Gregory. 4 Bells. 

I John Darbie made me 1664. 
2, 4 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1735. 
3 John Draper made me 1623. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

27. BARN HAM S. Martin. 
Ecclesia destrjicta, 

" Great bells iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

In 1639 the Rectories of S. Gregory and S. Martin were consolidated, 
and the services directed to be performed in them alternatively. In 1682, 
there was an order for the sale of S. Martin's bells, and S. Gregory's was 
made the sole Church. Registr. Nor. 

28. BARNINGHAM ^. ^//^/mc'. 3 Bells. 

1 17 52 thrice. 

-f- 61 €lucfumu3 ^ntrca D 62 jpamulorum Sufctpc Uota, 

2 U 52 thrice. 

+ 61 iiog 5oci«t ,5ci!3 □ 62 5fmper itiicI)olaMS Jn ^Itig. 

3 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1722. 

" Great bells iij." Returns of 1553. 

The old treble J3ona ItiepenlTE ^ta ItJogo i^tlagUalrna ftlaiia- T. Martin's 

Davy, 26 Aug. 1832, "3 bells." 
Tenor G according to Sperling. 

29. BARROW All Saints. 5 Bells. 

1 T. Osborn Downham fecit 1786. 

2 John Darbie made me 1662. 

3 T. Osborn fecit 1786. 

4 John Darbie made me 1662 Robert Hayward C.W. 

5 John Darbie made me 1662. John Daynes. 

30. ^k^K^WK'^ Holy Trinity. In D. Diam. 27^ in. i Bell 

Bell i^ij no m □ 62 u 51- 

" Great Bells iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553, 

Davy mistook KL for RD. He did not see that the inscription is a 
portion of the alphabet. June 2, 1808. Pits now for three. 

31. BARTON, GREAT, Holy Innocents. 5 Bells. 

I Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1731. 

2, 4, 5 John Draper made me 1619. 

3 Tho''. Osborn Downham Norfolk fecit 1779. 
So Davy. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

32. BARTON MILLS 6^ J/«;.y. 3 Bells. 

1 U 66 thrice. 

n 67 -ancta Q ^Sarbara Q o»^'T D pi^o D Jiobis. 

2 Johanes Draper me fecit 1608. 



3 U 65 thrice. 

+ 67 <^ancic D SluDria D ^postoli Q ora G P^o D 
" Great bells iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 
T. Martin (no date) notes 3. 
Inscriptions incorrectly given by Davy, 21 Aug., 1829. 

33. BATTISFORD S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1666. D. P. C.W. 

3 in 1553- 

Davy, June 18, 1827, could not examine it. 

34. BAWDSEY S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. W. I. B. Anno Domini 1622. 
No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iij." Return 

of 1553- 

" One bell which I did not venture to approach." Davy, 9 June, 1830. 

35. BAYLHAM S. Peter. Tenor G. Diam. 41 in. 5 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Sons London 1865. 

2, 3, 4 Miles Graye made me 1636. 

5 Rev^. Henry Asplin, Ambros Brown & Sam'. Southgate 
Ch: Wardens. Miles StoUery. 
Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1772. 

3 in 1553. 

Davy, II May, 1824, notes the old treble the same as 2, 3, 4, and the 3rd 
fallen out of its frame. 

36. BEALINGS, GREAT, 6'. J/^r;;. 4 Bells. 

3, 4 Miles Graye made me 1626. 

2 John Stephens made me 1720. Henry York, Church- 

I Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1772. 
Rob'. York Ch. Warden. 

"Great bells ij." Return of 1553. Robert Godewyne, 1457, left 6/- 
towards a new bell. Davy, 4 Aug., 1810, crosses i and 2. T. Martin, 1750, 
notes 3 bells. 

37. BEALINGS, LITTLE, ^// 6rt/;//^. 2 Bells. 

I John Darbie made me 1677. John Rose. 
2+67 5ancta □ ittana Q <9ra D 4,3ro Q ^obts. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
T. Martin, 1750, notes 3 bells. 

Davy, 4 Aug., 18 10, notes an intermediate © martir 13arbara, &c. 
Terrier, 21 Apr., 1834, 3 bells. 

38. BECCLES S. Michael. Tenor in B. 10 and Priest's bell. 

I Lester & Pack of London fecit Edw^. Brooks Portreve 

2, 4 Lester &: Pack of London fecit 1762. 

3 Thomas Mears of London fecit 1804. 
5 Our voices shall with joyfull sound 

Make Hills & Valleys echo round. 
Lester & Pack of London fecit 1762. 


6, 7 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, Royal Arms 

Patent, 187 1. 

C. F. Parker ] r-\ u j 

■n /-> TT 1.^ f Churchwardens. 
R. C. Houghton j 

8, 9 [inscriptions entirely covered by an iron band]. 

10 4 O Quam dulces sonas. Domini properemus ad eedes 

(sic) ^ W"\ Clark & Rob'. Margerom Ch. Wardens, 

Lester & Pack of London fecit 1762. 

Priest's bell, 1766. 

No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iij. Sancts 

Bells j." Return of 1553. 

East Anglian, N. S. 11., 241, 269. 

"Eight tuneable bells"! Davy, Oct. 24, 1824, and May 27, 1825. 

5 and 8 recast by Warner, 1889. Now a fair peal, though 4 and 9 are 

cracked. See p. 149. 

39. BEDFIELD S. M'c/io/as. 5 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1637. 
Symond Jefrey Peter Aldreg. 

2 The Rev<^. Charles Scolding M.A, Rector, William Warner 

Ch. Warden. 
R. Phelps fecit 17 31. 
3+67 sanrta D itXaria Q ©ra Q ^to Q i^oliig. 

4 T. Osborn Downham fecit 1790. 
Sam'. Frewer Church Warden. 

5 Pack & Chapman London fecit 1774. 
John Pritty Ch. Warden. 

4 in 1553. 

" Five," Davy, 23 July, 1808. 
Terrier, 1753, gives 5 bells. 

In 1839, Davy says, " The steeple now contains 4 bells." This is incom- 

40. BEDINGFIELD S. Alary. i Bell. 

Bell. U 52 thrice. 

-f 61 ©ucfumus ^nDrca Q 62 iFamulorum 5ufclpc Ifota. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. 

Martin notes 3, 21 Nov., 1734. Faculty for sale of one of three, 1760. 

Terrier, 23 June, 1794, gives 2. 

41. BELSTEAD S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1664. 
" Belstead pva. gregory Crevn^ (.?) & Roberte lynde chvrchwardes one bell 
solde ffor xxxj. which was broke v yers past which is & shalbe Inployed to 
the reperacn of chvrch roffe & the palyng of the chvrchyerd." Certif. of 


I in 1553 and Sanctus bell. 

Davy by mistake notes " Gardiner" for " Darbie." 

42. B ELTON All Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1664. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Faculty granted in 1690 to sell the smaller bell in order to hang the other. 
Weight 6 cwt. 2 qrs. Weighed at Yarmouth Crane, at the time of re- 
building the tower, by direction of the Revd. T. G. F. Howes, Rector. 


43 BEN AC RE 5. Michael. i Bell. 

Bell. G. G. W. F. €I)urcIjh)art)cn« Qlnno Somim 1622. 

4 in 1553- 

Davy gives this inscription imperfectly, 17 June, 18 17. 

44. BEN HALL ^. J/^/7. 6 Bells. 

I T. Mears London. 1S42. 
2, 3 John Brend made me 1639. 

4 James Grimsbye John Bvlling Churchwardens 1639 J. B. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

-j- 61 ?£?ac 1\\ Conclabc Q 62 C^abrid JZunc ^angc ^uafac. 

6 Richard Brown John Baldry C. W. 1723. 

No return of bells in certif. of 3 Nov., 1547. "Great bells iij." Return 
of 1553- 

Tenor by Gardiner, diameter 36.J in., weight 7 cwt. Davy gives the five 
without the treble as here, with "Thomas" for "James," as Grimsbye's 
christian name. 

45. BENTLEY 6". Mary. ' i Bell. 

Bell. Charles Newman made me 1696. 
2 in 1553. " One bell," Davy. 

46. BERGHOLT, EAST, 6'. J/.^o'. 5 and Priest's bell. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Son, London, 1887. Jubilee 

bell. Hung by G. Day and Son, Eye. 

^ ^ <g ^ ^ 

2 U26-I-22IJ25 |i?tcce (ISabrlelis ^onat "^^tt ©ampana 


3 i svm i i^osA : pvitsata : monDi : mAi^iA 


joHn Br^GTon GHvr^GH-wAr^DGns. 

4 Christopher . Hodson . made . me . 1688 . . 

John . Leach . John . Peake . Chvrch . Wardens .... 

5 John Stephens fecit 1727. Walter Gvllifer, Thomas 

Proven Churchwardens (sic). 
Priest's bell. Richard vs Bowler fecit 1591. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 

5 and Sance bell m 1553. 

The treble, which weighed 8 cwt., now weighs 4 cwt. 

On the 4th dots denote coins, obv. and rev. of crown of Charles IL, &c. 

Cut in each side of the pit for the Tenor in the frame " 1691. IT IE." 

The old treble bore Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1601 . . . (three impressions 
of corns, indistinct). 

Davy's account mainly agrees with this. 

This extract has been kindly copied from the Parish Book by Archdeacon 
Woolley : — A note what the great bell wayed when it went to Berre, and 
what it now wayeth this 24th of December, 1621. 

It wayed, in the Churchyard, before it went to Berre, 26 hundred and 56 
lbs. ; it was broken in pieces and wayed agayne at Berre, and found 27 
hundred and 24. 

It weyeth now at home, 25 c. and 32 lb. at one end of the beame, and at 
the other end 26 c. and 09; the odes being 89 lb., which being divided, is 
44 lb. and half. 


The bell now wayeth five and twenty hundred seventy-five pound and half. 

The bellfounders ware to be allowed for wag ^40, and to account the bell 
at 26 c. and 96 lb. 

And it now wayeth 25 c. and 76 and half. So they have in mettell, 
which they must allow, one hundred twenty five poundes, at eight pence the 
lb., which makes m money, four pounds, a dozen shillings, eight pence. 
They are to have for setting the bell, taking it at Barfould {i.e , Bergholt) 

and delivering it there agayne, building a and so to kep hur one hole 

year, nine pounds ten shillings. 

Remayne to them four pounds eighteen shillings and fourpence, which is 
paid to Andrew Gerne, of Berre Seynt Edmundes, by the appoyntment of 
the Mr. Workman, John Draper, of Thetford, Charles Bromey, with others. 

47. ^Ei^O^ All Saints. I Bell. 

Bell. John Draper made me 1627. 

" Payton, Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

" One," Davy. 

T. Martin (c. 1719) notes four bells. 

48. BILDESTON .9. J/<?;-j'. 6 Bells. 

1 I IJ 19 D -|- 22 Sancte tZToma ©ca i^co i^obig. 

2 No inscription. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1683. 

4 IJ 50 thrice. 

\- 61 ^ubbentat i3tgna D 62 ©onantibus ?l?anc Itatcdna. 

5 Thomas Farrow Joseph Prockter Churchwardens 1704. 

6 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 18. 
"Bylston, Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

" Six," Davy, 24 Oct., 1S26. 

49. BLAKENHAM, GREAT, S. Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 U 51 thrice. 

+ 61 CCelefti iHanna D 62 ^ua i^colcg ^os ©ibct ^nna. 

2 TJ 51 thrice. 

-|- 61 ^ufacniat Btgna □ 62 Sonantibus ?l?anc iSatctina. 

3 in 1553- 

"Two," Dav}', II J\Iay, 1824. 

50. BLAKENHAM, LITTLE, 6*. J/;?^;. 2 Bells. 

I, 2 John Darbie made me 1660. 

3 in 1553- 

Davy, irf May, 1829, " Two which I did not examine." 

51. B LAX HALL S. Pder. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 John Brend made me 1655. 

4 Recast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1881. (Royal 

Arms) Patent. 

A. N. Bates, M.A. Rector. 

James Toller 1 z^, , j 
;, ^3 \ Churchwardens. 

George Rope ) 

5 Omnis Sonvs Lavdet Dominvm 1655. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. " Great bells iiij," 1553. 
The old fourth like the first three, Davy. 

52. BLUNDESTON 6". J/czo/. 2 Bells. 

1 T. B. 1661. 

2 E. T. 1675. 


No return of bells in certif. of 1547. " Blomston, Great bells iij." Return 

of 1553- 

In Davy's time there were three, one not hung. 

53. BLYTHBURGH ^^/j' 7>/;//0'. i Bell. 

Bell. James Edbere Q 82 1608 (arabesque). 
No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. Legacies — J oh. Greyfe, 
1442, towards covering the bell-tower, and Hen. Tool, 1470, 20 marks for a 
great bell. 5 in 1553. "Formerly 5." Davy, 12 Aug., 1806, "In the belfry 
below, however, stands another small one, on which is SCG PGTI^G 

SALtYA me." 

54. BLYT H FORD A// Saw fs. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Newman made me 17 11. 
3 in 1553, doubly returned. 
Davy notes one, but refers to Martin, who gives three. 

55. BOTESDALE. i Bell. 

Bell. John Draper made me 16 . . 

A Chantry, with an inscription : — 

"©rate p. aiahi Sofjis Sl&ribe et urorts ctus." 

No return in 1553. 

56. BOULGE S. Michael 1 Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
" Bowge, Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. 
• "The steeple is a small and low square tower of red brick, ... and con- 
tains one bell, which has no inscription on it. The clerk informed me that 
there were some years ago 3 bells, but that 2 were sold for repairs." Davy, 
27 May, 1823. 

57. BOX FORD S. Mary. Tenor Diam. 52 in. 8 Bells. 

1 Tho . . s Gardiner Svdbvry me fecit 17 14. 

2 ^ancte J^ccolae ©ra pro fiobis U 26 -j- 22 U 25. 

3 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1754. 

4 Charles Newman made me 1688. 

5 T. Osborn fecit 1790. Isaac Strutt, Hugh Green C^. 


6 [A border]. "'^ 

+ 49 svm i^ATGi^inA □ 48 sempei^ □ 46 


7 U 31 D 38 + 41 Intonat @ ©dts 2Foc ©ampaiu Gabircltg 


8 Haec Campana Beatse Trinitatis Sacra Fiat. John 

Thornton Sudbury fecit 1718. 
" Great bells v, Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. Cannons of 7 gone. 
Davy, Oct. 2 and 3, 1828. Noted imperfectly, but in accordance with this. 

58. BOXTEAD All Saints. 2 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 T. Newman made me. A. Golding & S. Spalding C.W. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 18 Aug., 1831, "Two bells." 


59. BOYTON S. Andrew. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbic made me 1679. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Davy (22 Jan., 1818), mistakes the date for 1692. 

60. BRADFI ELD [Combust] ^// 6'a/;//x. 3 Bells. 

1 Mears & Stainbank Founders London. 
Bartholomew Young Church Warden 1693. 

2 Recast 1869, Arthur Young Warden. 

n 34 D 33 D 35 D 32. 

-f- 15 ^anctcT illaria itlaglialcua ©ra ^ro ifiobisl. 

3 n 81 Thomas □ 82 Cheese made me 1630. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Notes F|, E, D|:. 

" The steeple is down, but in the roof at the west end' of the Isle are hung 
3 bells, but I could not get to them." Davy. Diameter of Tenor 25^ in. 

61. BRkD¥\ELD S. Clare. Tenor. Diam. 37I in. 3 Bells. 

1 U 66 thrice. 

4- .gancta' D 68 ittaria D 63 ©ra D 68 ^ro D 68 

2 Richard Ottewell Ch. Warden. W. & T. Mears, late 

Lester, Pack, & Chapman of London fecit 1787. 

3 Charles Newman made mee 1699. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

"2 bells/' Davy. Notes C|, A|, G|:. 

62. BR^DV\El.D S. George. Tenor. Diam. 37I in. 5 Bells. 

1 H. P. made me 1695. 

2 ^ R O G ^ 1668. 

3 Robard ^ Gvrney made ^ me 1668. 

4 Uriah Woodard & W"". Smith Ch. Wardens. 
Lester & Pack of London fecit 1764. 

5 R. A. Wardens. Henry Pleasant made me 1695. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

So Davy, only mistaking "Robard" on 3 for "Richard." He notes 60 
steps in the tower staircase, i cracked, notes of the others C^, B, A|;, G^. 

63. BRADLEY, GREAT, ^. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 n 81 De D 82 Bvri D 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi D 82 

Stefanvs D 88 Tonni D 82 me fecit D 82 W. L. 
D 81 1576. 

3 □ I^ICAP^^D ; DG YYYmBIS \ mG : EGGIT. 
See p. 10. 

The treble probably a very old bell. C. Deedes. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
No notes, Davy. 

64. BRADLEY, LITTLE, All Saints. i Bell 

Bell. ^ R. G. ^ 1652. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
No notes, Davy. 

65. BRADWELL S. Nicholas. 3 Bells. 

I XJ 50 thrice, 
-f- 61 f£?ac Jin ©onclabc Q 62 ©nbcicl f}uc ^i-age ^uabr. 


2 U 5° thrice. 

4- 47 ^ctriis 9D Interne D 62 Ducat {loi i^astua Fttc. 

3 ij 50 thrice. 

-j- bifel D 48 ifeJn^ t^^""^ tsfti no mbt. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
I and 2 maiden, 3 a little flattened. 

66. BRAISE WORTH S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1879. 

1606, recast 1879. 

R. M. Bingley, Rector. 

W. Allen. ) nu u A 

^ r- 1 c ij r Churchwardens. 
C. Schofield ) 

Hung by G. Day & Son, Eye. 

I in 1553- 

Davy, 22 April, 1S19, "John Draper made me 1606. 

67. BRMIiF\ELD S. Andrew. Tenor FJf. 5 Bells. 

1, 2 AB U 52 U 86. 

Slnno Domini 1621. 

3 ^ancta i«argarcta ©ra ^ro iiobi? U 25 + 22 U 26. 

4 sit i^omen IBomini 23cnfDictum U 25 -|- 22 U 26. 
§■§■§'& © 

5 f ntonat licrlis £23ot Campana iHirI)acli&. 
U 25 -|- 22 U 26. 

So Davy, 23 May, 1806, with one or two involuntary variations. No re- 
turn of bells in cert, of iiij Nov., 1547. 4 in 1553. The first live of a six. 
Bells re-opened after hanging, April 17th, 1890. 

68. B RAM FORD S. StepJmi. Tenor G. Diam. 41 in. 6 Bells. 

I Thomas Mears & Son of London fecit 1805. 

2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Miles Graye made me 1632. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 10 June, 1828, calls the treble the 2nd, and dates the 5th 1636. 

69. BRAMPTON ^. /'d'/^r. Tenor Bi. Bells in tune. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1668. 

2 Anno Domini 161 2. W. B. 

3, 4 U 86 AB U 52- 

anno lini 1612. 
5 y 51 thrice. 
-|- 61 Jiobig Solamcn Cclorum D 62 Dct i9cus ^men. 

4 in 1553. 

So Davy, 2 June, 180S. 

70. BRANDESTON ^// 6'.7/;//i-. 6 Bells. 

I, 4 Recast at the expense of the parish. 
Lester and Pack of London fecit 1768. 
2 The gift of H. Stebbing, Esq'-% Mrs. A. Rivett, Widow, 
and other benefactors, obtained by John Revett 
Gent. 1709. 
R. Phelps made me. 


3 Miles Graye made me 1637. 

5 Recast at the expense of John Revett, 
Lester and Pack of London fecit 1768. 

6 This bell was recast at the expense of John Revett 1768. 

R. P. F. E. 
(two impressions of the arms of Revett.) 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells iiij." Return 
of 1553. AB 

Havves notes i as 2 here. 2 W Anno Dom. 1600. 3 in i?Hultt6 ^nnte, 
&c. 4 Sancta ISart^oIma (sic) ora pro nobis, and dates the tenor 1710. He 
speaks also of a purchase of bells from Little Ashfield. On woodwork of 4, 
"T. D. Tho^. Packard made me 1670," as at Raveningham, teste G. Day. 

71. BRANDON ^6'. Peter and Pard. Tenor in A, 16 cwt. 

6 Bells. 

1 John Warner «Sc Sons, London, 1S70. 

2 These five bells were cast by William Dobson 181 5. 

3 Prosperity to the town of Brandon 181 5. 

4 Give no offence to the Church. W"". Dobson fecit 1815. 

5 William Dobson Downham Norfolk founder 1815. 

6 Rev«^. W™. Parson Rector, Tho^ Willett and Rob^ Smith 

Churchwardens 18 15. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

I recast from the old 2nd at Wangford, q.v. 

Five noted by Davy, 22 Aug., 1829. 

These were cast out of an old three inscribed — 

1 + l^ac fin Conclabc Oatriel >Cunc iSange ^uabe. 

2 + sum Kosa ^^ulsata fflunitt iflarta Vocata. 

3 4- ftn ?^onore [^ancti fflactc ct sancti Kaiertnc l^trgtnes {sic)\ Ex infor. 
J. H. Sperling. 

72. BRANTHAM .<?. Alichael. 1 Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 165 1. 
So Davy, i in 1553. 

73. BREDFIELD S. Andrew. 4 Bells. 

1 Richard Phelps made me 1735. 

2 FC. 

W. M. G. F. D. P. L H. 1622. 

3 Thomas Gardiner made me 17 15. 

4 U 51 thrice. 

+ 61 ^ctrus 5lli lEtctne Q 62 Sucat £loi l^aicm ViU. 

No return of bells in certif. of lij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iij." Return 
of 1553. Davy notes 4. "W. M. L. F. L. F. I. H. 1592." 

74. BRETT Eli H AM S. Mary. Diameter of Tenor 27 in. 

3 Bells. 

1 H. Pleasant made me Reginald Saver Warden. 

2 Thomas Cheese James Edbere me fecit 1623. 

3 D 82 Prais n 82 God Q 82 1574 □ 82 W. L. 
"Brentham, Great bells iij." Return of 1553. T. Martin, 31 May, 1737, 

3 bells. 



75. BR\CE.JT,(^RE^T, S. Mary a ttd S. Laurence. 2 Bells. 

1 Georgius Williams, Coll. Regal. Soc. 
posuit Anno mdcccxxxix. 

2 In honore Sanct^ Trinitatis. Anno mdcccxxxix. 

Very small. 3 in 1553. Davy, Oct. 23rd, 1826, visited this place. He 
notes, March 28th, 1843, on the authority of Rev. C. P. Parker of Ringshall, 
" One bell 3Iii Ujonorr ^anrte CCritiitati?;.' Martin had noted Crtnitatc. It 
weighed 10 cwt. according to Terrier, 1834. 


Ecclesia dcstnicta. No return in 1553. 

77. BRIGHTWELL S. John Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell. For Brighwell (sic) in Suffolcke Feb 5. 1657. 

"Great bells ij." Return of 1553. T. Martin, Sept., 1725, One in a little 


Ecclesia destructa. No return in 1553. 

79. BROCKLEY 6". ^«^m£/. 3 Bells. 

1 □ 21 IJ 20 -|- Uoi ^ugustini <Sonct In ^urc Dei. 

2 n 21 U 19 + 22 Cristu^ ^crpctuc Set iiobts (i^auliia 


3 D 21 U 20 -j- ^it ilomcn Somini 23cnctiittura. 
"Great bells j." Return of 1553. See p. 94. No notes by Davy. 

80. BROME 5. J/ary. In B'd, not in tune. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1737. 
5 Thomas Newman fecit. S. Newstead, P. Rodwell C. ^V. 

So Davy, 17 June, 1S09. 3 in 1553. 

81. BROMESWELL S. Edmund. Notes Vh and B. 2 Bells. 

1 Jhesus ben ic ghegoten van Cornelis Waghcvens int iaer 

ons Heeren mcccccxxx. 

2 □ in : Honoi^G : sahctg : payi;g. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells iij." Re. of 
1553. I Clear but not melodious, unchipped. 2 Slightly flattened. P. 75. 

According to Davy (12 Sept., 1807,) there was another, inscribed "Aliles 
Graye made me 1618." The other inscriptions agree with these. The 
missing bell was the smallest of the three. It fell, was broken, and sold. 

82. BRUISYARD S. Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. Cast by John Warner & Son, London, 1867. 
(Royal Arms) Patent. 
No return of bells in cert, of iij. Nov., 1547. " Great bells iij." Return 

of 1553- 

Davy notes 3, i R. Phelps made me. Richard Brown, gent., Church- 
warden, 1732. 2 anno Ditt 1610. 3 i^ac En Conclabe, &c. 

83. BRUNDISH.S. Laurence. AB 3 Bells. 

I ANNO DOMINI 1606. T G. W T.B. 


2 IJ 52 thrice. 

4- 61 i3ulcl5 ©isto iHcli^ n 62 ©ampana Focor iWicIju. 

3 ij 50 thrice. 

+ 61 ^ucfumug ^nDrca Q 62 JFamulorum Sufctpc Fota 

T G probably = Thomas Glemham. Pits for 5. 4 in 1553. Terrier, i 
June, 1791, and Davy, 16 June, 1809, give 5 bells. 

84. BUCKLESHAM.S. Alary. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 1623. 

_ "Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 23 Feb., 1825, reports it 

Terrier, 3 May, 1845 " One bell in weight about 500 pounds." Diameter 
30 in. 

85. BUNGAY S. Mary. 8 Bells. 

I) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 T. Mears of London fecit 1820. 

7, 8 T. Mears of London fecit 1820. Richard Mann, 
John Reynolds Churchwardens. Cha^ Brightly, 
Richd. Smith, Rob'. Butcher, Robert Camell, M. B. 
Kingsbury, Thomas Hunt, Ja^ Sheppard. 

No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. " Great bells v. Sancts 
Bells j." Return of 1553. 

No notes by Davy. From a MS. of W. Adams, and notes of Rev. T. 
Bewicke, I am able to compare the past and present peals. 

I Past. I Present, 

cwt. qrs. Ibs.'cwt. qrs. lbs 

1718, probably by I ij 4 3 18 5 2 5 

Stephens J 2 5 o 19 5 2 22| an AYG bell. ' Most of 

Long cracked 36 o iS^ 6 2 14 these others seem to have 

Bad, long cracked 47 o 17, 6 3 21 

One, probably 3, was 

been by Gilpin, 1700. 5 
was brought from S. Peter 
Mancroft, Norwich. The 
six were first rung in 1702. 
See pp. 56, 130. 


|los ^Tftome, &c. 57 2 24 8 2 21 

Good, cast 1 761 610 o 11 10 o 21 

Fine bell 7,13 2 i 10 3 21 

„ in E. Split 1817 8 18 i 1916 i 4 

Total I73 o 1570 3 17 

86. BUNGAY Holy Trinity. i Bell. 

IJ 51 thrice. 

-[- 61 dFac i^argawta D 62 i^obis ?l?ec iHuneca Seta. 
So Davy, May 14th, 1823. 

No return in 1553, the church having been partially burnt not long before. 
A fine bell cast in 1566, apparently by John Brend, sen., was sold by the 
parish in 1755 for _;^82 ^s. 6d. The present bell was bought second-hand in 
1759. The detail m 1566 contains "Itm gyvin to his (J. B.'s) wife in Re- 
warde x\jd. Itm gyven then to his mansvant and unto his mayde in reward 
xij^," a remnant of guild- privilege. 

87. BU RES S. Afary. Tenor. Diameter 50 in. 6 Bells. 

I T. Mears of London fecit. 
2, 3 R. Phelps fecit 1734. 

4 John Brend made me 1658. 

5 Thomas Mears Founder London 1840. 

Rev'^. Arthur Hanbury Vicar. 

^ . 1 117 J John Garrard I Church- 

Gnmmard Wood j u -d ■ } ^ a^,.^ 

John Boggis J wardens. 


6 T. ]\Iears of London fecit 1826. 

John Garrard ] r-u i. ^ 
•r 1 r) • r Churchwardens. 
John Boggis ) 

Davy, Oct. 2, 1828,3 not noted. 5 "The Revd. Philip Gurdon, M.A., 
Vicar, Wm. Ambrose, John Harvey Church Wardens. Richard Phelps 
made me 1734." 

" Great Bells v. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

88. BU RG AT E S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 Thos. Gardiner Norwich fecit 1746. 

2 1746. 

3 Thomas Sturt John Draper made me 1624. 

4 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1772. 

5 Thomas Gardmer Sudbury fecit 1732. 
5 in 1553. Martin and Davy note five. 

89. BURGH ^. ^^/^^/;. Tenor. Diameter 36. \ in. 5 Bells. 

1 Chapman & Mears of London fecerunt 1782. 

2 John Stephens fecit 17 18. 

3 John Stephens made me 17 18. 

4 John Stephens Bell Founder of Norwich made us 5. 


5 John Stephens fecit. 1718. 

John Votier Rector John Page Churchwarden. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

90. BURGH CASTLE ^. /'.'/^r. 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Newman cast me new 
In 1732. 

John Pitcearn Rector. 

2 Thomas Killett, Churchwarden, George Harris Over 

Seer. 1732. 

3 John Darbie made me 1663. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

9L BURSTALL 6". J/^7rj'. 3 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 John Thornton Sudbury fecit 17 18. 
3 in 1553. Three bells, Davy. 

91a. BURY S. EDMUND'S, The Abbey. 
The Great Bell Tower at the Abbey. 

"The plan of the new building" (of the latter part of the eleventh cen- 
tury), says Mr. John Gage, in AtchcFologia, xxiii , " bore a near resemblance 
to Ely Minster, and both had, at the west end, a high tower between lower 
lateral towers." It was not till the time of Samson of Tottington, tenth 
Abbot, elected in 1180, that the work was finished. Jocelin of Brakelond, in 
his well-known Chronicle, records the collection of stones and gravel {sabu- 
lum)^ made for the purpose by Samson, while he was subsacrist, and the 
alleged pecuniary assistance afforded by certain burgesses. The passage is 
well worth reading. In Notes and Queries, Sixth Series, i. 303, it is re- 
corded from the Register of Abbot Curteys, that one of the towers fell in 
12 10, and another, probably the bell-tower, in 1430, "tum propter quercuum 
magnas et horas (sic) missas in opus lapideum, et conjunctas operi ligneo in 


quo pendebant campanje, turn propter inordinatam et immoderatam earun- 
dem pulsationem," fortunately after the people had left the church. 

The ruin seems not to have been total, for the lead, bells, and some part 
of the walls were subsequently taken down. Next year the east side of the 
tower gave way, and was followed by the north wall in 1432. 

The mason's contract for reconstruction is given at length by Mr. Gage, 
together with a list of legacies towards the work, one as late as 1 500. 

Writing in 1830, he says, "The flinty fragments of a south pier of the 
tower have escaped the hand of destruction, and together with the flint work 
of the western facade, which is a mass of deformity, point out to us the spot 
where the Bell Tower once stood." 

Professor Thorold Rogers's note on the weights of the bells in " Bury 
Hospital" ( N. and Q, Sixth Series, i. 193), is exceedingly perplexing. 

92. BURY S. EDMUND'S S. James. 10 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 T. Osborn Fecit 1785. 
6, 8 T. Osborn, Downham, Fecit 1785. 
7 Cum Voco Venite T. Osborn Fecit 1785. 
9 Our voices shall in concert ring 

In honour both to God and King 

T. Osborn Fecit 1785. 
10 Percute Dulce Cano Bury St Edm'^. 

St James' Parish. Zephaniah Ostler, 

Rob'. Carss Church Wardens. T. Osborn Fecit. 1785. 

"Great bells v." 1553. Formerly 3 in N. aisle, i, De Bvri Santi 
Edmondi Stefanvs Tonm me fecit 1580. Deo Patrie et Proximo ; 2, R. G. 
1664; 3 ^it i^omen Somini 33eiutiictum U 20 □ 21 -f-. 

93. BURY S. EDMUND'S S. Jo/in Evangelist. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Mears, Founder, London, 1841. 

94. BURY 8. EDMUND'S S. Mary. 8 Bells. 

I, 2, 6 R. Phelps Londini Fecit 1734. 

3 T. Osborn Fecit 1785. 

4 'Slnno iBomIni 1627 AB 


5 R. Phelps Londini Me Fecit 1734. 

7 Matthias Wright and Simon Buchanan, Church Wardens 

1776. Pack & Chapman of London Fecit. 

8 Mr. Richard Rayment & Mr. Robert Singleton Church 

Wardens. Anno Domini 1734. Richard Phelps 
of London Bellfounder made these eight bells. 

" Great bells vj." Ret. 1553. Tenor recast at Bury, 1696, L'E., p. 66. 

95. BURY 8. EDMUND'S S. Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. T. Mears, Founder, London, 1858. 

96. BUT LEY 6". John Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell. CFterntS Slnnts Ecfonct Campana %Q\i^m\\1> U 9 

So Davy. No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells 
iij." Ret. of 1553. Hawes notes one smaller, inscribed ^ancte y^tXxt ora pro 


97. BUXH ALL S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 John Draper made me 1632. 
R. M. & T. N. Wardens. 

3 John Draper made me 1635. 

4 John Griggs C. W. Charles Newman made mee 1698. 

5 Gregory Copinger, Tho. Fuller C. W. 
Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1739. 

4 in 1553. Davy (June 13th, 1827), notes 5 bells, but the door locked. 

98. BUXLOW S. Peter. 

Ecclesia destrncta. 1 in 1553. 

99. CAMPSEY ASH 6". >//« ^a///j/. 4 Bells. 

1 I. B. Anno Domini 1615. 

2 Tho. Gardiner fecit me 17 14. 

3 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1729. 

4 Ricardus Bowler me fecit 1601 

No mention of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iiij." Re- 
turn of 1553. 

So Davy, 20 April, 1S19. Hawes notes the old 2nd, OuIctS fft'sto JffitcItS 
CTampana Vocor itlirfiaElts, and the 3rd, R. G. Anno Domini 1583. Martin 
also notes Dulcis, &c. 

100. CAP EL 5. A7idrmK 
Ecclesia destructa. No return in 1553. 

101. CAPEL .5-. Mary. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 T. Mears of London fecit 1829. 
Rev'd. Joseph Tweed Rector. 
Cooper Brooke Esq*"., Churchwarden. 

3 John Darbie made me 1683. W. O. I. T. 

4 Miles Graye made me 1624. 



5 and Sance bell in 1553. See p. 77. 

Davy was quite beaten by the tenor, which he gives: — DAIW SIN 
leaves 4 blark, notes 4 as 3, 3 as 2, and gives i, TJirgomarta ora pna proiiobifl. 

Possibly the inscription was one known in the West of England 
+ JInterceOc Ipta ^^ro i^obts 'Firgo ittaria. 

102. OKKL'X OH S. Peter. Tenor. Diam. 31I in. 4 Bells. 

i> 2, 3, 4 □ 81 Thomas □ 82 Andrew □ 82 me □ 82 
fecit D 82 1598. 

1 has no fleur-de lis between " me" and fecit. 

Davy, 29 May, 1806, gives 1528, not recognizing the peculiar form of 
the 9. 3 in 1553- 

103. CARLTON CO LVILLE 6-. 7'^/^r. Tenor. Diam. 45! in. 

5 Bells. 

1 Anno Domini 1608. W. B. 

2 John Brend made me 1637. 

3 Anno Domini 1634. 
U 5°- 


4 Anno Domini 1634. 

5 □ Omnis Sonvs lavdet Dominom. 
Anno Domini 1634. 

No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. "Great bells iiij. Sancts 
bells j." Return of 1553. 

So Davy, save that he gives 1634 as the date of the second. 

104. CA\/END\SH S. Mary. Tenor 12 cwt. 6 Bells. 

1 I mean to make it understood 
Although I'm little yet I'm good. 

Mears London fecit 1779. 

2 If you have a judicious ear 

You'l own my voice is sweet & clear. 
Mears London fecit 1779. 

3 Music is medicine to the mind. 

Mears London fecit 1779. 

4 Peace & good neighbourhood. 

Mears and London fecit 1779. 

5 Our voices shall in consort ring 
In honour both to God & King. 

Mears London fecit 1779. 

6 Cast by John Warner Sz Sons, London, 1869. 

Royal Arms Patent. 
"Great bells v." Return of 1553. 

Davy, Nov. 9th, 1805, 6. *'T. Osborn Downham Norfolk fecit 1786." al. 

105. CAVENHANl S. Andrew. 3 Bells. . 

I William Dobson founder Downham Norfolk 1831. 

2, 3 John Darbie made me 1676. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
T. Martin (12 Nov., 1755), and Davy (20 Aug., 1829), note 3 bells. 

106. CHARSFIELD .S. T'.f/^r. 5 Bells. 

1 Sic Sacheverellvs [ore melos] immortali olli [ecclesise 

defensori h] anc dicat [Gvlielmvs] Leman de Cher 
[sfield Eques 17 10. R. Phelps]. 

2 IJ 50 thrice. 

-[-61 ^Bec ipit Scbrum Q 62 Campa Sautif IJonorum. 

3 □ 81 James Edbere (arabesque) □ 82 1068 (for 1608). 

4 IJ 50 thrice. 

-|- 61 Sulcia Stgto iitdb D 62 Campa Y^ocox iWicj^adtS. 

5 65 thrice. 

4- ^ancta D i^arta D ©ta Q iP" D iiobtg. 
No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iiij." Return 

of 1553- 

The inscription on the treble restored from Carthew's MSS., who notes 
the rest like these, and refers to a legacy (1454) for the tower. 

The Sachevereli inscription was evidently intended as a protest against 
the prominent part taken by Bp. Trimnell in the House of Lords, 17 10, 

107. CH ATT \SH AM S. Mary and A// Saiufs. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 162 1. 
No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. " Three bells," Davy. 


108. CHEDBURGH A// Sai;i/s. i Bell. 

Bell. T. Osborn fecit 1797. Edward Drew Church 
•' Great bells ij." Return of 1553. No note, Davy. 

109. C H E D I STO N ^. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 Tho. Gardiner fecit 1718. R. M. C.W. 

2 W. C. J. S. 

John Brend made me 1640. 

3 D 81 Filius D 82 A'irginis D 82 Marie D 82 r)at D 82 

Nobis D 82 Gaudia □ 82 Vite. □ 82 De D 82 
Bvri n 82 Santi Q 82 Edmondi D 82 Stefanvs 
D 82 Tonni □ 82 me Q 82 fecit Q 82 1572. 

No return of bells in certif. iiij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 

Davy, 25 May, 1807, notes as above. 

no. CHELMONDISTON S. Andrew, 1 Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1663. 

" We have sold also an old broken bell to the valevv of \x\s. \i\yi. The 
trew s'tificat of Rychard Dylley and Wyllam Camper," C. W. 1547. 
I in 1553. " One bell." Davy. 

111. CHELSWORTH ^//6-a////^. 1 Bell. 

Bell. Lester & Pack, 1763. 

*' Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 26 Oct., 1826, notes no inscription. 

112. CHEVINGTON All Saints. Tenor in F. Bells in tune. 

5 Bells. 

1 John Draper made me 1620. 

2 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1848. 
W-". Rayner Rolfe ) r-, , ■, 

W- Jennison [ Churchwardens. 

Elizabeth White, John White, Francis White. 

3 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1760. 

4 -|- John Sparrow Ambros Ray C.W.^ 
Tho. Gardiner fecit 1737. 

5 Benj. Downs Church Warden. 
Tho^ Osborn, Dovvnham, fecit 1780. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy notes 5 bells, but no inscriptions. 

113. CHILLESFORD 5. Fcter. i Bell. 

Bell. XJ 66 thrice. 

+ ^mtta D iWaria Q ©ra D iPro Q MoUfi. 
So Davy. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1533. Pits for three, this probably the 

114. CHILTON S. Mary. Diam. 32 in. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 165S. 
So Davy, Sept. 13th, 1S27. " Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 


115. CLARE ^6". Peter arid Paul Tenor c. 28 cwt. Diam. 54 in. 

8 and Clock bell. 

1 Given by voluntary subscription 1781. 
Mears fecit. 

2 T. Mears of London fecit 1829. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1640. 

and a shield, party per pale, a griffin (?) passant. 

4 Whilst thus we join in chearful sound 
Let Love and Loyalty abound. 

Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1779. 

5 Miles Graye made me 1661. 

6 ioljn Dicr maDe mc 1579. 

7 O 17 ©ongcrba O 17 © O 17 ^linttas O 17 tffampanam 

O 17 Islam. 

8 John Kenyon Vic. William Wade C. W, L L. 
Charles Newman made mee 1693. 

Clock bell. Tho. Gardiner fecit i7?6. 

"Great bells v. Sancts Balls j." Return of 1553. 

Davy nearly as above, with a mistake or two. The 7th very much worn . 
See p. 17, and East Anglian, L, 28, for notes by Mr. J. B. Armstead. 

116. QLMDO^ S.Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1676. 
So Davy, 15 Sept., 1827. 3 in 1553. 

117. CLOPTON ^. ^/.?;j. Tenor. Diam. 43I in. 6 Bells. 

I) 2, 3, 4, 5 W. & T. Mears, late Lester, Pack, & Chapman 
of London fecit 1788. 

6 This peal cast in the year 1788 by unanimous consent of 
the parishioners ; by recasting the five old bells and 
adding this tenor made them a peal of six. 
W. & T. Mears, late Lester, Pack, & Chapman of Lon- 
don fecit 1788. 

The C.W. sold a " payre of cKalles," of which they made verdict at 
Ipswich 28 Sept., 1547, " ffrome y' day we haue neyther sold alyenatyd nor 
pledged neyther ornam^ Jewells plate nor bellys.' iiij Nov., i547- 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

118. COCKFIELD^. Peter. 6 Bells. 

1 Laus Deo 1843. 

Thomas Mears fecit Londini. 

2 Charles Newman made mee 1700. 

3 Charles Newman made me 1699. G. H. H. T. 

4 Miles Graye made me 1656. 

5 n 81 James Q 82 Edbvry Q 82 1608. 

6 John Jowars Rob'. Debenham C.W. 
Tho. Gardiner fecit 1721 Num. 126. 

Date on 5 " 1098 " by mistake. See p. 95. 

" Great bells V." Return of 1553. 

Davy notes " T. Martin's notes taken in I735-" 


119. CO DD EN H AM S. Mary. Tenor c. 15 cwt. 8 Bells. 

1 Theodore Ecclestone, Esq', 1742. Thomas Lester 

made me. 
Although I am but small 
I will be heard above you all. 

T. P. A. F. C. (incised). 

2 Thomas Lester made me 1742. The: Ecclestone. 

3 Theodore Ecclestone. Thomas Lester made us all, 1740. 

4 The Revd. John Longe, Vicar, John Fox, James Brook 

Ch. Wardens. 
Thomas Mears & Son of London fecit 1806. 
5, 6 Recast by John Warner & Son, London, 1878. 

These bells are for the honour of God & the use of His 

Revd. Robert Longe, Vicar of Coddenham. 

Walter Chapman | Church 

Frederick Gull [ Wardens. 

7 Thomas Lester made us all 1740. 


. (filed off) 1742. 

Thomas Lester of London made us all. 
Clock bell, 1808. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 7 May, 1824, notes all as Lester's, save 4. 

Theodore Ecclestone, Esq., was owner of the Crowfield Hall Estate, 
which was purchased in the year 1764 by Arthur Middleton, Esq., Governor 
of S. Carolina, and grandfather of the late Sir W. F. F. Middleton, Bart. 

120. COMBS S. Mary. Tenor E. Diam. 46} in. 4 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1662. R. B. 

2 Miles Graye made me 16 19. 

3 U 51 thrice. 

n 49 /io«i ^rccc Baptiate Q 62 ^albent tZTua 2!Julncra 

4 John Draper made me 1627. 

4 in 1553. Davy notes 5 bells, one broken. Weights, according to 
Terrier of 1770, 15, 18, 21, and 24 cwt. 

1 21 . C O O K L E Y 6". Mic/iael. 3 Bells. 

1 Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1598. 

2 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1728. 

3 ^nno iBomini 1593 W. B. 
So Davy, 26 June, 1806. 

Thomas Haywarde and Wyllam Sparke certify iiij Nov., 1547, that they 
have sold "neither plate, joyells, bells." 3 in 1553. 

122. COP DOCK S. Peter. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 Miles Graye made me 1614. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1615. 

4 John Barbie made me 1677. 

5 John Darbie made me 1679. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 
Davy calls the third the treble, otherwise there is no difference. 


123. CORNARD, GREAT, ^. Andrew. Tenor. Diam. 37 in. 

5 Bells. 

1 John Thornton made me 1708. 

2 Buxton Vnderwood Jef. Poter Warden 1708. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1664. 

4 CFiernts 'Slnm<s lic^onet Campann 3)o!)ts U 1 1 + ^ 9 twice. 

5 John Thornton made me 1708. 

The cross on 4 is No. 27 in North's Church Bills of Bedfordshire. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, Sept. 12, 1827. 2 " Binxton ... Josef." 3 " 1616" al. sim. 

124. CORNARD, LITTLE, yi// .S^////.-. Tenor. Diam. 33 in. 

5 Bells. 
I Thornton and Waylet made me 17 12. 
2, 3 Henry Pleasant made me March 1707. 

4 -f- Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1597. 


So Davy, Sept. 12, 1827. The crosses on 5 are Austen Bracker's, Cam- 
bridgeshire, No. 71, but probably come from an earlier hand. The letters 
are rich. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

In 1 581 there were at least two bells, as the Parish account has a charge 
of \]d. for " a Bald'ycke for one of o^ Belles." 

125. GORTON S. Bartholomew. i Bell. 

Bell. C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1847. 
No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. "Great bells iiij." Return 

of 1553- 

The parish in 1697 got a faculty for selling a piece of a bell for hanging a 
bell in the porch and other expenses. 

The old bell bore the Norwich mark (erm.) and the inscription, 
i5. U. anno Donunt 1626. It used to hang in a frame of timber over the 
porch, but in 1768 was removed to its present position in the tower. See 
Davy's MS. Suckling says 15. K. 

126. GOTTON S. Andrew. 5 Bells. 

1, 2 Thomas Lester of London made me 1746. 

3 John Draper made me 1627. Thomas Barthroope 

' Robert Rose Wardens A. M. T. E. 

4 IJ 50 thrice. 

-|- 61 CTdcstt iJlanna D 62 ^ua i^tolcg i^os ©ibct ^nna. 

5 ij 50 thrice. 

-j- 61 ilio^ ^fjomc iWcritig D 62 iHcreamiir (i^aiiliia 2lucis. 
3 cracked. 4 in 1553. Martin, 16 Dec, 1724, notes 4. 
"Five," Davy, 21 July, 1831. 

127. COVE, NORTH, .9. Botolph. 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner Norwich fecit 1750. 

2 Anno Domini 1628. 


3 Tho. Gardiner Norwich fecit 1750. 
Tho. Horth C. W. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy notes the date on 2 1618 instead of 1628, June 19, 1817. 


128. COVE, SOUTH, ^. Laurence. i BlU. 

Bell U 52 thrice. 

-f 61 ^ctrus ^D Ictcrne D 62 Sucat i!ios ^^agcua 'iJitc 
So Martin, 28 June, 1750. " The rest of o>" Jowells as bells plate and other 
ornaments remayneth in the Costodye of the Township, " Certif. of James 
Hanse and Roger Spicer, 1547." 3 in 1553. 
Terrier rendered 18 May, 1827, "by computation 500 lbs. weight." 

129. COVEHITHE ^. ^«^;rz£/. 5 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 AB 

'llnno Uomtni 1616 

3 ^nno Somini 1626. 


4 U 50 thrice. 

-|- 61 ^3etrus ^D iiternc Q 62 Bucat j^os ^ascua SUite. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

-[- 61 ^wnx ilosa ^ulsata □ 62 iWunDt i^Waria "iJotata. 
So Davy, 17 June, 181 7, save 1628 on 3rd. 
'■ Northalys," certif., 15471 no sale of bells. 5 in J553. Well toned bells. 

130. COWLINGE ^. J/^r^^r^/. Tenor. Diam. 39 in. 

5 Bells. 
I, 2 Thomas Newman made me. Ex dono F. Dickins, 

Esq^, 1734. 
3, 4 John Briant Hertford fecit 1809. 

5 T. Newman made me. Stephen Phillips & John Fenton, 
C. Wardens. 
" Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 

131. CRANSFORD S. Peter. 3 Bells. 

1 W. B. Anno Domini 1594. 

2 U 52 thrice. 

-\- 47 }i}tt ^it ^taxw n €*ampa EauDc 33onorum. 

3 Recast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1878. Hung 

by G. Day & Son, Eye. 
Mrs. Borrett \ 
Mrs. Pooley f ^ 
G.T. Borrett ( D^^^'"-^' 
T. P. Borrett ) 
G. F. Pooley, M.A., C. C C. C, Rector of Cransford. 

T T?i '^ I Churchwardens. 
J. Flory ] 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

The old tenor was inscribed, En Jfilultis Slnnt'S, &c., and bore the same 
marks as the 2nd. The rhyme-stop is not engraved, I think. Not in tune. 

132. CRATFIELD ^. Mary. Tenor a very good bell, 

6 and Clock bell, 

1 Chapman & Mears of London fecerunt 1781. 

2 John Smyth of Norwod and Henry Fiske Chvrchwardens. 

Ao Do 1593 W, B. 


3 U 50 U 86 AB 

^nno IBomtm 16 18. 

4 Cratfeld. Henry Topsel, R. T. Ano Dni 1585. 

5 □ If with my fellowes I doe agree 

Then Hsten to our harmony. 
==W. D. G. S Chvrchwardens. W. B. 16 18. 

6 □ 48 Per me fideles invocantur ad preces. 
1637. J. B. 

Clock bell -|- 47 ©irginta lEgrcgic -|- 47 Wocot Campana 
itlaiic liJrfg dFor Zl)c ^oU Of eatUiam BlcfiS. 

So Davy, 22 May, 1807, with one or two involuntary variations. No re- 
turn of bells in certif. of Symond Smyth and John Bateman, C W., iiij Nov., 
1547. The battlement to the tower was then built by the sale of "a peyer 
of Chalys a peyer of Senso''s and a Crosse, the pi'ce xxli." 4 and a Sance 
bell in 1553. 

The Clock bell has a staple for a tongue, and is worn internally. See 
pp. 41, 103. 

Some of the capitals on the 2nd are of the Norwich mediaeval type, like 
Nos. 54, etc., and the A is quite peculiar. 

133. GREETING^// Saints. 

Ecclesia destructa. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

T. Martin, Sept., 1732, "3 Bells (old ones)." 

134. GREETING 6'. J/c^o'. Diam. 39 in. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Crardiner fecit 1727. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 13 June, 1827, "One bell which I did not examine." Hung in a 
chestnut frame and wheel, diam. of latter 7 ft. On the wheel is " Thomas 
Sharman, Churchwarden, i FF (letters chipped off) 1733." 

135. GREETING 6-. Olave. 
Ecclesia destructa. No return in 1553. 

136. GREETING .S. P^/^/'. Tenor. Diam. 27 in. 3 Bells. 

1 Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1600. 

2 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1726. 

3 Johannes Drivervs T C. me fecit 16 18. 

"West cretynge. Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 

Notes, probably by Tom Martin, 26 Sept., 1732, record "3 modern bells." 
Davy, June 15, 1S27, apparently by mistake notes only two, inaccessible. 
Treble cracked. 

137. GRETINGHAM .S. T'^/^r. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1661. T. C. 

2 John Darbie made me 1661. H. C. 

3 XJ thrice. 

+ Vtn iFit ^cotu" D G^ampa SauDc 93onotu. 

4 XJ thrice. 

-|- ©clcfti iKanna Q ^"a l^rolrg iiog ©ibct ^nna. 

* William Dowsing and Gregorie Smith. 


5 U thrice. 
-|- Jiubbcntat Digaa Q Bonantibug ?i?anc IXateitna. 
No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iiij." Return 
of I553. 3, 4, 5 Norwich bells. Shield 50, Cross 61, Rhyme-stop 62, I feel 
tolerably sure. 

138. CROWFIELD ^// Saints. i Bell. 

IjcII. Rob'. Catlin fecit 1740. 
From Davy, 12 May, 1824. i in 1553. 

139. CULFORD S. Mary- I Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Newman made me 1704 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 18 Aug., 1829, "one bell." 

140. CULPHO .S. £otolJ>h. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 1641 (cracked). 

" Cvlsfo... Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

141. DALHAM J). Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1755. 

2 SII\ mAI^-Tin STU^J^BIIiDe XJ (Stuteville). J'er 

pale, arg. and sa. a saliire engrailed crniine and 
I am the second in degree 
And will in tune and time agree. 
John Draper made me 1627. 
3 SIP^ mAP^Tin Sa^U-TEIIJDG \J his arms. 
I am the third and you shall her 
Me beare my part, and sound most cleere. 
John Draper made me 1627. 

4 Sir Ja\ Affleck Bart., and Jeremiah Moore Church- 

wardens. Cha^ D. M. Drake Rector. 
This bell was recast by ^V'". Dobson, Downham, Norfolk, 
A.D. 1832. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

-h 61 Sum iiofa ^^ulfata D 62 iHunDt iWatia SFocata. 

Sir M. S. died suddenly while smoking at the Bell at Thetford. See Rous's 
Diary. See also Gawdy MSS., p. 116. His daughter Anne married James 
de Grey of Alerton, who died in 1665. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy could not get the key. 

142. DALUHQHOO S. Mary. Tenor G. Diam. 37 in. 

4 Bells. 

1 C. 

W. M. L. F. L. F. H. M. 1592. 

2 Richard Phelps made me 1732. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-\- 61 ^^ctru3 an Ictcruc D 62 33ucat floi ^agtua ^ite. 

4 Thomas Gardiner made me 1715. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Hawes says "3 by Miles Graye, 5 
formerly," and Martin, 1745, says 3. 


143. DARVISDEN^-. Andretc'. i Bell. 

Bell. John Goldsmith fecit 17 10. Santa Maria. 

No return of bells in certif of iij Nov., 1547, probably i. Left blank in 
1553. Davy, 14 Sept., 1827, "One bell ... no ladder." 

144. D^RSH^^ All Saints. 4 Bells. 

1 John Brand made mee 1656. 
2, 4 John Brand made ma 1656. 

3 TJ 65 thrice. 

-\- i£anctc (sic) ©pont'a <9ra ^jro ^obis. 

The churche reves of Darsham, John Re^•e and Robt. Backler, A''. 1547, 
certify to the sale of " j peyer of handbells for the p^ce of \]s. iiijc/." 3 in 1553. 

Davy, 3 June, 1808. gets the numbers wrong, and reads Cf)Oma on the 
Tenor, ©ponta is for apollonia. See Cambridc^eshire., p. 126. 

First four of a tive m G, all maiden, in tune. 

145. D E BACH .4/7 5c7z';//j% In F. Diam. 23^ in. i Bell. 

Bell. Xo inscription. 
No return of bells in certif of iiij Nov., 1547. " Debedge... Great bells 
ij." Return of 1553. Davy (27 May, 1823), found it inaccessible. 

146. DEBENHAV. S. Mary. Tenor i ton, in E. Diam. 44 in. 

8 Bells. 
I, 3, 6 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1761. 

2 Lester & Pack fecit 1761. 

4 Lester & Pack of London fecit. Tho% Kersey 1761. 

5 Tho\ Mears of London fecit 1793. 

7 Lester & Pack of London fecit. Ed\v^'. Davie & J"". 

Orford Ch. Wardens 1761. 

8 In Wedlock's bands all ye who join 

With hands your hearts unite 
So shall our tuneful tongues combine 

To laud the nuptial rite. 
[The Re\-d. M^ Ja^ Clubb Vicar : The Revj. Mr. Robert 
Leman Curate, engraved\ 
So Davy substantially, but without a date to 4, and 1795 o" 5- 
'■ Gret bells v." Return of 1553. 

147. ^"t-H^k^ S. John Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell. 1 614. I. D. 
3 in 1553. Davy, 16 June, 1809, notes one bell. See p. 109. 

148. DENHAM 5. yir^zO'. In F. Diam. 21 in. i Bell. 

Ecll. Xo inscription. 
•' Great bells ij." Return of 1553. Long-waisted, and apparently old. 

149. DENNINGTON ^. Mary (fine bells). 5 Bells. 

1 "7 52 thrice. 

-f- ^anrta iHarta (Dra |3ro ilobt'S. 

2 -j- 47 dFac jUaisavcta D 48 iiobis "p^a i'Hunrra ZLcta. 

3 -|- ^aiuta ^f)oma Ota ^Jro ilobtg. 

4 Anno Domini 162S. \V. I. B. Omnis Sonvs Lavdet 



5 1666 Anno Orbis incendio redempti vrbis peremptiie. 
Gvil. Bell T. P. Vicarius. 
John Darbie made me. 
5 and a Sance bell in 1553. 

So Davy and Jermyn, Aug. 5, 1S06. Gillingwater, 10 May, 1798, notes 5. 
Terrier, 3 July, 1753, "Five large bells, the Tenor of 25 cwt., the other 

Much curious matter in parish accounts. The bell-frame is athwart the 
tower, which has been built around it. Part of the capstan forms a beam. 

150. DENSTON 6". Nicholas. 2 Bells. 

1 rj 65 thrice. 

+ ^ancta □ i'Harta D ©ra D i^ro D i^obls. 

2 U 65 thrice. 

4- 5'incte n ^ttrc D <5ra D liJro D iiobis. 

" Denarston... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

No notes. Davy. Mr. Deedes notes these as i and 3 of a trio, as the 
middle pit is vacant. The usual failure has of course resulted from an 
attempt to cut the crack out of 2. 

151. DEPDEH S. Mary. Tenor. Diam. 36 in. 3 Bells. 

1 U 65 thrice. 

+ 67 ^ancif D [Btco]lac D ®ra D ^to D i^obt^. 

2 ij 65 thrice. 

-f 67 5ancta D ^""a Q <'5ra Q ^ro D i^obi?. 

3 Ric ardvs Bowler me fecit 1600. 

(A band between each word, and six Elizabeth coins on 
the sound-bow.) 

"Debden... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
No notes. Davy. Notes C, Ajt, and .\. 

152. DRINKSTONE ^// &/;//.f. Tenor. Diam. 39 in. 

6 Bells. 

1 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1771. Henry Plume 

Church Warden. 

2 Henry Pleasant made me 1696. F. P. 

3, 5 Mears & Stainbank, founders, London, 1869. 

4 Henry Pleasant made me 1696. 

6 Reginald Sayer, Tho. Cocksedge C.W. Henry Pleasant 
made me 1695. 

" Great bells i iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

Davy notes 3 and 5 like the rest, but "P. C." for " F. P." Tenor cracked. 

Notes of the others F, D^, C^, C, Air. 


Ecclesia destructa. No return in 1553. The church was standing and in 
use in the year 1561. Davy. 

154. D U N W I C H ^// Saints. 

Ecclesia destructa. See extracts from Gardiner, 1734. No mention of 
bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 

" The steeple appears in tolerable repair : I remember a man who had 
occupied a farm at Yoxford, and whose name was Parker, being convicted 
and transported for stealing, I think, one of the bells and some of the lead." 
Davy, 24 Oct., 1839. 


155. D\JNVJ]CH S. /a;;ics. c. 5 cwt. i Bell. 

Bell. T. Mears of London fecit 1832. 
Coeval with the church, given by Frederick Barne, Esq. 

156. D U N W I C H 6". >//« Bc7j>fisf. 
Ecclesia d est met a. 

No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 

157. DUNWICH 6-. Leonard. 
Eeelesia destrucfa. No return in 1553. 

158. DUNWICH .S-. Martin. 
Eeelesia destnteta. No return in 1553. 

159. DUNWICH 6-. Nieholas. 
Eeelesia destrneta. No return in 1 553. 

160. DUNWICH S.Peter. 

Eeelesia destrneta. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 

161. ^^^'T OH All Saints. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 173T. 

2 T. Osborn fecit 1791. 

Rev. Loder Allen, Rector. Joseph Rust Ch. Warden. 

3 Miles Graie made me 1627. I. E. 



5 Recast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1884. 

This bell was cast and the peal rehung at the expense of 

the Duke of Hamilton, A.D., 1884. 
Hung by G. Day & Son, Eye. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

No return of bells in certif of iiij Nov., 1547. 

The places are still visible in the under-chamber where the beams were 
built in. The old tenor, like the 4th, was of the " Burhngham " type, 
TI^iniTAS. It bore shield No. 64. 

162. EASTON B AVE NTS 6\ Margaret. 

Eeelesia destrneta. 3 in 1553, either in this Church or the next. 

163. EASTON BAVENTS S. Nieholas. 
Eeelesia destrneta. See No. 162. 

164. EDWARDSTON E .S. J/^rry. 6 Bells. 

1 Mr. Cook and Nvtting C W. 1709. 

2 Tvned by WX Cvlpeck 17 10. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1640. 

4 Miles Graye made me 1641. 

5 Miles Graye made me 1663. 

6 About ty second Cvlpeck is wrett 
Becavse the fovnder wanted wett 
Thair jvdgments ware bvt bad at last 
Or elce this bell I never had cast. 

Tho. Gardiner. 


See p. 142. " Great bells iiij ." Return of 1553. 

Davy, May 21, 1829, leaves out "tuned by" on 2. 4 " 1663." He could 
not read the Tenor. 

165. ELEIGH, BRENT, S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 n 81 Thomas Cheese n 82 made me 1629. 

2 □ 81 Thomas □ 82 Cheese made me 1632. 

3 (arabesque) Jeams □ 81 Edbvry D 82 1612. 

" Brondylly... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, Oct. 25, 1826, " i, 1632," al. sim. 

166. ELEIGH, MONKS. ^. Pc/.r. 6 Bells. 

1 T. Osborn fecit 1790. 

2 Miles Graye made me M 1638. 

3 Miles Graye made me M 1637. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

4- 67 <9ra n 68 3Laurtnti D 68 93ona D 68 ©ampana 
n 68 ^^aci. 

5 □ AssvmPTA : GST ; mAP^iA ; in ; CGDYm. 

6 Miles Graye made me M. 1638. 

See. p. 10. " Mounksylle... Great bells iiij." Returns of 1553. 
Davy, Oct. 25, 1826. Imperfect, but accordant notes. '•31 May, 1737- 
There were only 5 bells." 

167. ELLOUGH All Saints. Tenor. Diam. 32 in. 3 Bells. 

1 □ AYG : mAl^IA : GI\ACIA : PDGnA : 


2 The Revd. Rob^ Lemon Rector. John Warne Ch. 

Warden 1763. Lester & Pack of London fecit. 

3 Anno Domini 1597. 

See p. 74. So in substance, Davy, June i, 1808. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

168. ELM HAM, SOUTH, ^// .S^i///.-. Note C. i Bell. 

Bell. Anno Domini 1603. 

" Pochia omn Scor in Sowthe elmehm... Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Here were three bells till about 60 years ago. It is said that two were 
sold to Southwold, where there was recasting and addition in 1828. The 
following note is from the Churchwardens' book : — 

"€■■. By Cash of Mr. Burgess for 2 Bells. 

Wt. 10 cwt. I qr. 3 lbs. at 6id. ^31 3 5 

Dr. Allowed Mr. Burgess for Tare and Tret in the 

weight of Bells 8 i 

Geo. Durrant Churchwarden." 
That this is true there can be little doubt, for Davy records 3 bells, 

" I Laudes (for laudet) Deo in 2 Anno Domini 1603. 3 ... ora pro ..." 

Now the Southwold 6th bears, "Eu (Lifglllb anil in 17o JLaulics Sco," which 
Davy may well be excused for not deciphering. This was, according to him, 
the largest of the three. 

169. ELMHAM, SOUTH, S. George. 5 Bells. 

1 J Taylor & Son, Founders, Loughborough, 1844. 
J. Hurry, Norwich, Agent. 

2 auuo Domini 16 10 AB 



3 U 64. __ 
-|- AYG : mAI\IA : GP^AGIA : PDGIIA : DllS : 


4 U 51 thrice. 

-{- 61 i^04 ^Oomc iHftttts n 62 iHcrcamur ©autta Suci?. 

5 John Brend made me 1635. 

See p. 61. "Sandcroft in Sowtvilla... Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy notes four, which he did not venture to inspect. 

170. ELM HAM, SOUTH, S. fames. Tenor. Diam. 31! in. in C^f. 

4 Bells. 

1 R. B. 1662. 

2 Thomas Newman made mee 1707. Joseph Barber C.W. 

3 _|_ joHAnnes : Bi\ovn : me : bggit : bigi\i. 

4 Anno Domini 1581. LB. 

Bells not in tune. See p. 74. R. B. for Ralph Brend. 

No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. "Great bells iij. Sancts j." Return 
of 1553. Davy dates 2 1704, crosses 3 and 4, and could not read 
JOHADIiGS on 3. 

171. ELMHAM, SOUTH, 6'. AfargareL 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 John Brend made me 1657. 

4 ^nno JDomiui 1627. 


5 17 51 thrice. 

Slnno Somtui 1596. "W". B. 
So Davy, save that he reads " 1586" for 1596. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

172. ELMHAM, SOUTH, 6'. Mic/iae/. A good clear bell. 

I Bell. 
Bell. C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1847. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. "Only i bell," Davy. 

173. ELMHAM, SOUTH, ^. Nicholas. 

Ecclesia destructa. " Great bells iiij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 
" The church is now entirely demolished." Davy. 

174. ELM HAM, SOUTH, 6". /V/^r. Tenor. Uiam. 34I in. 

NoteBb. 3 Bells. 

1 IJ 9 four times. 

2 IJ II four times. 

-\- 15 3)o]^anncs O 16 Cri^ti O 16 €are O 16 Stgnarc 
O 16 ^ro O 16 jSobis O 16 ©rare. 

3 U 8 four times. 

-f 15 5um O 16 (J^alirtcl O 16 iFata O 16 /«aclf. O 16 
^um O 16 Comitata* 

Seep. 17. Well-toned bells. 

No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. "Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
(The same three hung in the tower m 1889.) 

175. ELMSETT 6". Pd'/^r. Notes C and A#. 2 Bells. 

I Thomas + Gardiner + Sudbury + fecit + 1726 (two 


2 Miles Graye made me 1636. 
Pits for two others, which are said to be in Stowmarket tower. " Great 
bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy by mistake, 20 May, 1829, " i Bell." 

176. ELMSV\/ ELL S. /o/tn £mnge/isf. Tenor. Diam. 4o.nn. 

5 Bells. 

1 Robard Gvrney ^ made me ^ 1670. W. M. T. F. 

2 De D 82 Bvri □ 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi Q 82 Stefanvs 

D 82 Tonni Q 82 me D 82 fecit D 82 WL D 81 
1582 n 81. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-|- ^anttt D liUmunDt D <9ra D i^" D MoUi. 

4 John Darbie made me 1677. 

5 3)oJ)" J3rapcr aoc me 1616 (cracked). 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, II June, 1827, imperfect notes, but correct as far as they go. 

177. ELVEDEN 6'. Amfrera. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1664. 

"Elvedene... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 24 Aug., 1829, notes one bell, but gives Ringers' Rules, dated Sept. 
19, 1707, showing that there was at that time a ring of bells in this tower, 
copied by Jermyn, 18 17. 

178. ENDGATE S. Alary. 

Ecclesia destnicta. " Ingate. Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Church taken down 1577. Bells, lead, etc., sold for £j(> 18 4, which was 
given to Dunwich on account of losses sustained there. See W. J. A. in 
East Suffolk Gasette, Aug. 9, 1887. 

179. ERISWELL .S. Laurence. 
Ecdesia destructa. No return in 1553. 

180. ERISWELL 6". Peter. 3 Bells. 

I, 2 Tho^ Osborn founder 1795. John Spark Church 

3 Tho. Gardiner made me 1743. 

So Davy, 21 Aug., 1828. " Great bells vj." Return of 1553. 

181. ERWARTON 6'. Mary. 1 Bell. 

Bell. C. Newman made me 1700. R. Sporll. W. 
Fisher C. W. 
So Davy, i and Sance bell in 1553. 

182. EUSTON S. Genevieve. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 Henricvs Pleasant me fecit 1701. 

4 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1730. 

5 Domini Thome Hanmeri Baronetti. 
Anno Domini 1701. H. P. 

" Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 4 July, 1843, " Five." 

183. EYMWAQ S. Martin. 5 and Clock bell. 

^) 2, 3, 4 John Draper made me 1623. 


5 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1S45. 
William Fyson ] ^, , ,,, , 
JohnDobede ) Churchwardens. 

Clock bell. T. Mears of London fecit. 

W" Fyson ] 

Tho^ Bryant } ^'^'"'^^^ Wardens 1831. 

Late the gift of Francis Shepherd Esq''., 1723. 

"Eycenyng Halfe Hundred :—Eycenyng... Great bells iiij. Sancts Bells 
j." Return of 1553. 

184. EYE SS. Peter and Paid. 8 Bells. 

1 Ex dono Gulielmi Brampton generosi Anno Domini 1721. 

2 Pack & Chapman of London fecerunt. Simon Cook 

Churchwarden 1779. 

3 Thomas Rust oppidi Prcefecto J. Stephens made us 3 


4 Let us rejoice our King restord. 

Sami. Cowing Danl Sewell C\ Wardens. 
T. Osborn fecit 1789. 

5 O God continue thy tender mercies to the King. 
Dan'. Sewell Sam'. Gowing, C". Wardens. 

T, Osborn fecit 1789. 
6, 8, Miles Graye made me 1640. 
7 U 51 thrice. 

-f- 61 IBona McpcnDc ^ta n 62 Mogo JWagDalcna iWarla. 

So Davy, 17 and 18 June, 1809. 5 and a Sance bell in 1553. 
Sperling notes the tenor as in Ej?, 24 cwt. 
Comparison of dimensions of 7th and Tenor: — 

7 : 8 

ft. in. I ft. in. 

Height in full ... ... 3 o|^ 2 10^ 

,, to shoulder ... 2 6^1^ 26 

Diam. lip ... ... 3 6:^ | 4 o 

Circum at inscription ... 6 4 I 6 ii|- 

Eye Town Hall possesses an old bell without inscription, but apparently 
from London, c. 1350. Till the last century it used to hang in a spire which 
formerly surmounted Eye tower. Very likely the original Sance bell. 

185. EYKE All Saints. 3 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 Henry Pleasant made me 1706. 

3 17 55 thrice. 

+ ^antta D iWaria D ©ta D ii^io Q ^oblg. 

So Davy, 12 Sept. 1807. Martin (no date) notes 5. 
From Hawes : — i. 

2 Henry Pleasant made me 1706. 

3 Jbantta Ora |)ro iBobis. 

4 3:n JttulttS, cvc. 

5 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

"Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Returns of 1553. Faculty for selling 
two bells in Uavy. 

186. FAKENHAM, GREAT, .5. /V/rr. Tenor A J. c. 8 cwt. 

X Bells. 


1 -\- Saiuta : marta : ora : pro : nobis. 

2 Ue Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1572. 

3 R. G. 1667. 

"Great bells iij." Returns of 1553. Davy, no notes. 

187. FAKENHAM. LITTLE, 5. J;idre7a. 
Ecclesia destrncia. No return in 1553. 

188. FALKENHAM 6-. ^///^/^t-;-/. 4 Bells. 

1, 2 John Darbie made me 1666, 

3, 4 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1728. 

So Davy, 15 July, 1829. No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

189. FARNHAM .5". Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 T. S. T. P. 1590. 

2 ^nno Domini 1631. 

U 5°- 
So Davy. Diameters 2ft. 2in., 2ft. 3fin. No clappers. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

190. FELIXSTOWE ^5. Peter and Paul. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 1627. 
"ffylsto^ve. Great bells j." Return of 1553. Davy, 15 July, 1S29, i Bell. 

191. FELSHAM 5. i'.^-r. Tenor. Diam. 45I in. in F. 

6 Bells. 
I Robard ^ Gvrney made me ^ 1668. 

2, 4 Miles Graye made me M. 163S. 

3 ij 65 thrice. 

-[- 67 Sancta Q ^nna Q <?^" Q 1*^" D i^obtS. 

5 John Warner and Sons, London, 1SS7. 

6 Miles Graye made me M. 1639, 

" ffeltham... Great bells iiij." Re. of 1553. Davy, "6 bells and a clock." 
The old 5th bore U 51 thrice, with -f- 61, □ 62, and Dona ilcpcntic, 

192. FINBOROUGH, GREAT, 6'. Andre-a'. Very small. 

I Bell. 
Bell. Josephus Carter me fecit □ 1609. 

3 in 1553. Notes, probably by Martin, 15 April, 1756, record three bells ; 
the Terrier of 1784 mentions but one. The tower fell in 1819; Davy, June 
13 and 14, 1827, names a single bell hanging in a cupola. 

193. FINBOROUGH, LITTLE, 6'. ^^r//wA7w^7£'. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

2 in 1553. Davy, June 14, 1827, notes a single bell within the roof of the 
nave, at the west end, and that the steeple was standing within the memory 
of some of the present inhabitants. 

194. F I N N I N G H AM 5. BartJwlomcjv. 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Lester & Tho% Pack fecit 1754. 

2 U 50 thrice. 

4- 61 ^trginis C?gtfgic D 62 iJotor Campana i^laric. 


3. No inscription. 
3 in 1553. Davy, 22 July, 1838, notes 3. 

The third apparently a very old bell, with long barrel, sharp shoulder, no 
headings, and light cannons. 

195. FLEMPTON S. Catherine. i Bell. 

Bell. Percute Dulce Cano. T. Osborn fecit 1786. 
"Great Bells iij." Return of 1553, Tom Martin, c. 1724, notes "The 
steeple half down, three bells." See Davy's further notes. 

196. FLIXTON ^. Andrew. 
Ecclesia dcsiriicta. No return in 1553. 

197. FLIXTON S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

No return of bells in certif dated iiij Nov., 1547. " fflyxon... Great bells 
iiij." Return of 1553. 

The late Revd. H. Warren, Vicar, informed me that there were three 
bells formerly, the inscriptions on the other two being 

+ i«iffus 12iJcro ^tc (Saliiicl iUiX Hcta iHarie, and 
-j- Citucfumus ^ntirca dFamulorum ^ufcipc Uota. 
Davy s account is intended to agree with this. Here the late Sir R. 
Shafto Adair placed a large Dish-bell bearing twice the arms and motto of 
his family, and inscribed, (J^cntte iiifaUemfaii Domino. i^JenrS mc ^CCtt 
MDCCCLVII. It was struck on the outside with a large hammer, and emitted 
a somewhat broken, booming sound, very effective at a distance. After 
some years' use it became cracked, and was sold to help to buy an organ. 

198. FLOWTON S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
3 in 1553. 

199. F O R D L E Y Holy Trinity. 
Ecclesia destrncta. 3 in 1553. 

200. FORNHAM y^// .s^/;//j-. 4 Bells. 

1, 2 John Draper made me 1623. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-f- 61 ?i?ac Itn Conclarc D 62 fflatiriel J2unc ^angc ^uabc. 

4 John Draper made me 1624. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy has mistaken "Draper" for 
" Darbie," and put a century on the dates. 

201. FORNHAM^. Genevieve. 

Ecclesia destnicta. " ftornham Genofefye... Great bells ij." Return of 
1553. " Three bells." Martin.'' 

202. ^ ORHH MA S. Martin. 6 Bells. 

I) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 C & G. Mears, Founders, London, 1844. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Three bells noted by Davy, but no inscriptions. 

203. FOXHALL All Saints. 

Ecclesia dcstriicta. "ffox.hall. Chalice one, wayinge vijoz. q"". Great 
bells ns (= nescio)." 


204. FRAMLINGHAM ^. Michael 

1 John Stephens of Norwich made me 1718. 

2 John Stephens fecit 17 18. Prosperity to all my bene- 


3 John Stephens made me 1720. 

4 IJ 50 thrice. 

+ 61 ?t?ac In Coclabe Q 62 Gabriel i^uc ^angc ^uabc. 

5 ij 50 thrice. 

-j- 61 2Firgtms C?grcgtc D 62 iJFofot Camjma ^Waric. 

6 Omnis Sonvs lavdet Dominvm Anno Domini 1583. 

7 Anno Domini 1622. W. I. B. 

8 Per me fideles convocantur ad preces I. S. 17 18. Thomas 

Mvlliner Moses Bvry C W. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells v. Sancts 
bells j." Return of 1553. 7th a bad bell. " 

Many bequests "novo Campanili," from 1497 — 1534, by Christiana 
Durrant, Margery Spinke, Tho Skimming, Rob, Maggs, Joan Trusse, Joh. 
Botson de Saxsted, &c. 

In 1657 a sixth bell was bought, probably of John Brend, partly by con- 
tribution, partly by the sale of timber. Mr. Alexander, a Town feoffee, gave 
^10. This is the second or third eight in the county, Horham being the 
nrst, and Bungay S. Mary's old eight completed in the same year with 

205. FRAMSDEN .S. J/.7n'. Tenor 16 cwt. 8 Bells. 

I and 2 Gift of R' Honourable Wilbraham Earl of Dysart, 
1 8 14. T. Mears of London fecit. 

3 Will™. Dobson, Downham, 1809. 

4 No inscription. 

5 Sir Lionel ToUemache, Earl of Dysart, Baron of Hunt- 

ingtower Bart and K'. of the most ancient order of 
the Thistle, who died March loth, 1770, recast 
these bells to complete the peal. 
Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1770. 

6 Henry Pleasant made me 1706. 

7 T. Mears of London fecit 1815. 

8 Sir Lionel ToUemache, Earl of Dysart, Baron of Hunt- 

ingtower Bart and K' of the most ancient order of 
the Thisde, who died March loth, 1770, left by 
will this bell. 
Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1772. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. " Great bells iiij." Return 
of 1553. Davy records 3 as bearing the same inscription as 5 : and 7, 
" Renovata Senectus in florem redeat. John Robers, A.1\L, Vicar, John 
Revell, Ch. Warden, 1740." 

206. FRECKENHAM 6'. ^;7^mf'. 5 Bells. 

I William Dobson Fecit Downham Norfolk 1S09. 
2, 3 John Draper made mee 1623. 

4 The Rev^. H. Bates Rector W"". Westrop and W'". 

Mainprice Churchwardens 1809. 

5 T. Osborn fecit 1792. 

"ffrakenham... Great bells iiij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. The 
same inscriptions, but allotted to wrong bells by Davy, 21 Aug., 1829. 


207. FRESS\NGF\ELD SS. Fefer and I^au/. 8 Bells. 

I, 2 T. Mears of London fecit 18 19. 

3 Thomas Newman made me 1741. 

4 Mr. T. Sancroft & P. James C. W. 1741. 
T. Newman made me. 

5 George Mears, founder, London, 1866. 
6, 7 Thomas Mears of London fecit 181 7. 
8 tl 50 thrice. 

+ 42 ^corum iWcritig □ 48 ^angamus ©antica HauDis. 

See pp. 43, 83. 7 a little flat. 

No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. 4 and a Sance bell in 1553. 
Jermyn and Davy were here, 14 Oct., 1806. They note 3 and 4 as they are 
now, 5 like 4 (as it was at my visit, 19 March, 1862), 6, Dona ISeprntrc, &c., 
and 7, Omnis Sonus laudet Dominum 1632. I. B. On the crown L A. 
R. A. See Gillingwater's extract for the opening of the complete eight. 

The 5th, which ringers think inferior to its predecessor, was recast after 
an accident while William Riches was ringing in a course of 720. 

There seemed to be no cause for the sudden cracking of the bell, so W. 
R. tells us. 

208. FRESTON 5. Fder. 

Bell. Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1600. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. A good bell. 

Davy, by mistake, 1660. 

L'Estrange, p. 65, mistakes this parish for Friston. 

The Visitation Records of the Archdeaconry of Suffolk (1674) mention an 
order for a new bell to be provided in place of an old one, which had been 
sold. This order was repeated in 1675. ^^ 16S9 "the great bell" is 

209. FRISTON S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 Johannes Drivervs me fecit 16 14. 

2 13J 50 thrice. 

-f- ©ucfumug ^ntrca D 62 JFaniulorum Sufctpe l^ota. 

3 No inscription. 

So Davy. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

210. FRITTON S. Edvmnd. i Bell. 

Bell. M. Sydnor Esquier. 1598. 

" ffreton... Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

In Reeve's Historical Collection two bells are mentioned. 

211. FROSTENDEN ^//5rz/;//.r. 3 Bells. 

1 + CAmPADA : omnivm : sAncTOi\Ym 


2 John Brend made me 1639. (Note B.) 

3 □ : O : UGO : BBAI\A : PP^O : POBIS : 

DGYGXOr;A : (Note A). 

So Davy, 3 Sept., 1837. Treble probably an early London bell. Tenor 
bears " Burlingham " lettering. See p. 60. 

No return of bells in certif of iiij Nov., 1547. 3 in 1553. 



212. GAZE LEY All Saints. Weight lo cwt. 6 Bells. 

1 .'\ grateful strain boys let us sing 
To praise the name of Messrs. King 
"Wedge, Cornell, Norman, Hynes, and Fyson, 
Death, Barnes, Staples, also Wilson, 

By whose kind and generous aid 
I (leader of this peal) was made. 
John Briant fecit A.D. i8o8. 

2 Pack &; Chapman of London Fecit 1775. 

3 Whilst thus we join in chearful sound 
May Love and Loyalty al)ound 

Pack & Chapman of London Fecit 1775 

4 Ye ringers all that prize 

Your health and happiness 
Be sober merry wise 

And you'll the same possess. 

Pack & Chapman of London Fecit 1775. 

5 In Wedlock's bands all ye who join 

With hands your hearts unite 
So shall our tuneful tongues combine 
To laud the nuptial rite. 

Pack & Chapman of London Fecit 1775. 

6 William Brewster and Rich"^. Hynes Churchwardens 

1775. Pack & Chapman of London Fecit. 
" Great bells V." Return of 1553, No note. Davy. 

213. GEDDING. 2 Bells. 

De Bvri Santi Edmondi. 

1 Stefanus Tonni me fecit 1572. 

2 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanus Tonni me fecit 1572. 

Omnia lovam lavdent animantia. 
No return in 1553. "2 bells and a small Pully." Davy. 

214. GIPPING. I Bell. 

Bell. Charles Tyrell, Esq., Patron. 
Recast Anno Dom: 181 2. Gipping Chapel. 
I in 1553. 

215. GISLEHAM Holy Trinity. Diams. 2 S & 34 in. 2 Bells. 

1, 2 Anno Domini 1627 AB 


So Davy. No return of bells in certif. of iiij Nov., 1547. "Great bells 
iij." Return of 1553. 

216. GISLINGHAM 6". J/c/rj'. Li E., in tune. Tenor. Diam45iin. 

6 Bells. 
I Cast by William Dobson of Downham Norfolk 18 14. 

2, 3, 4 Miles Graye made me 1641. 

5 John Darbie made me 167 1. 

6 John Darbie made me T671. G. S. C.W. 
4 in 1553. Fine-toned bells. 


217. GLEM HAM, GREAT, ^//^«/;//^. 5 Bells. 

1 U 52 thrice. 

4-61 fi?cc iptt ^cotutn n 62 Campa Xautie 9i3onorum. 

2 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1722. 

3 U 52 thrice. 

-}- 61 i«unerc 33apttstc D 62 33jncDictug 5it e?]borus Ifte. 

4 Anno Domini 1599. 

5 -\- 14. U 2S -{- 14 ^nm llofa ^ulgata iWuntJt i^atia 

So Davy. No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells 
V." Return of 1553. 

218. GLEMHAM, UTTLE, S. Andre7c>. Tenor. Diam. 44 in. 

Fij:. 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Osborn Downham Norfolk fecit 1799. John 

Cottingham Churchwarden. 

2 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1574. 

3 Little Glemham November 1749. Cast by Thomas 

Lester of London. 

So Davy, No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells 
iij." Return of 1553. 

219. GLEMSFORD ^. 3fary. 6 Bells. 

I Tho^. Mears of London fecit 1830. 
2, 3 Miles Graye made me 1659. 

4 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1754. 

5 Tho^ Mears of London fecit 1830. 
Rev. W"". Butts, Rector. 

Rev. E. D. Butts, Curate. 

Ambrose Jefferys ) churchwardens. 
Charles Bigg j 

6 Charles Newman made mee 1686. 

William Stanby 1 r-, u ^i^ ^ 
, , ™ ^ }■ Churchwardens. 

John iomson J 

Davy, Aug. 18, 1 83 1. No notes. " Great bells v." Return of 1553. 
Nov. 16, 1698, "Wm. Tamplin for hanging the tenor and mending the 
other bells, 9/6." P. Ace. 

220. GORLESTON S. Andrew, 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 Mears & Stainbank, founders, London, 1873. 
6 Mears & Stainbank, founders, London, 1873. 

This peal of bells dedicated to the honor and glory of 
God and the use of the parish church of St. Andrew's 
Gorleston by Miriam Chevallier Roberts born at 
Southtown in that parish A.D. 1853. 
The old 4 were thus inscribed : — 

1 U 50 AB U 86. 

1610. Dame Chamberlin Xpofer Poope. 

2 (see p. 42) + I Am : IHAD : in ; YG WOI\CHePG 

: OB YG : CP^OS. 


3 Anthony Taylor, W^. Cross Ch. Wardens 1763. Lester 

& Pack of London fecit. 

4 U 50 AB U 86. 

John Belton, Dame Chamberhn, Xpofer Poope, Church- 
wardens 16 1 9. 
" iiij Nov., 1547. Certif. of Erasmus ffox and and Barnard Sudbru 
Chyrchewardens ther. We snefye that the towneshypp have sold one Crosse 
of sulu"^ and one sens'" of sylu^ to the value and sma of xiiijli iiijs. yerys sence. 
The whyche xiiijli is bestowyd vppon a newe belifframe to the bells and a 
new Battylment to the stepuU for iiij yerys paste." 
" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 

When I was here in 1866 I found only the two smaller of the four whole, 
being the 2nd and 4th of a six. The treble and third were sold c. 1845 to 
assist in pewing the church. 

221. GOSBECK S. Mary. i Bell. * 

Bell. Recast by J. Taylor &: Co., Loughborough, 1879. 
The Rev"d_ y. S. Barry Rector. 
^^^ Mayhew, Churchwarden. 

3 in 1553. Davy, 8 May, 1824. One bell inscribed— 
S'sncta iHarta ora pro notts. 

222. GROTON 6". Bartholomew. Tenor. Diam. 40^ in. Weight 

10 cwt. 3 qrs. II lbs. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1676. 

2 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1764. 

Richd. Lifton & Geo Mumford Ct'^Vardens W'^. Dawson. 

3 U 25 + 22 U 26 ^anctc IXatcnna ©ra ^ro Jioliis. 

■& § ^ § 

4 ^ 3S U 31 + .Sit i^omcn Somtni OScnetktum. 

5 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1763. 

Geo Mumford «& Rich^. Lifton Ch.Wardens. 
" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 

223. GRUNDISBURGH 5. J/.zr>'. Tenor. Diam. 38^. 

6" Bells. 

1 T. Mears. of London fecit 1830. 
Reyi. D^ Ramsden Rector. 
James Hayward Churchwarden. 
Sam'. Cutting Subscriber. 

2 John Darbie made me 1665. 
William Yorke C. W. 

3 Pack & Chapman of London fecerunt 1779. 
James Johnson Churchwarden. 

4 John Darbie made me 1665. 

5 G. Mears & Co , London, 1864. 

6 Miles Graye made me 1628. 

T. Martin, 1725, notes "John Darbie made me 1665 upon 4th bell lying at 
the West end of the Church, upon the least but one 

William W 

Yorke C 

upon the biggest S' William Bloys Knight. Another broken bell run at the 

same time lies in a Vestry or inclosed place at the West end of the South 




224. GUNTON S. Peter. 

No Bell. 
No return in 1553. None in Robert Reeve's time. 

" We neur sold no other ymplemens (but plate) nat for ys xxti yers past. 
Certif. of Henry Heyham and Henry Blocke, C.W. iij Nov., 1547." 

225. HACHESTON ^// ^^/V//.. 

I [Inscription wholly obscured by iron band]. 
2, 4 Ihon Darbie made me 1683. 
3 U 50 thrice. 

-f 61 iBulctg ©ifto iWcIig D 62 ©ampa Uocot ^\t\yii,. 
5 U Sr. 

1582. S. G. Rector. H. F. C.W. 

Four bells are returned under " Parham Haston" in 1553. 

Hawes notes the treble as " Richard Phelps made me 1712," and the tenor 
Davy, Oct. 24, 1817, adds "Anno." 

226. HADLEIGH S. Mary. Tenor 28 cwt. Diam. 52^ in. 

8 and Clock bell. 
I, 2 Miles Graye made me 1678. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1679, 

4 +891731-1-37 c^tt ^omen IBomint 91SencDictum. 

5 The Rev. D"". Drummond Rector. 

J. B. Leake and Thos. Sallows Churchwardens 1806. 

6 The Very Rev. H. B. Knox Rector. 

J. Rand W. Grimwade Churchwardens. 
C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1856. 

7 The Rev. D^ Thos. Drake, Rector. Samuel Hyell 

Edward Sallows Ch. Wardens. T. Osborn fecit 1788. 

8 Miles Graye made me 1680. 


" Great bells vj." Return of 1 553. 
. Davy, 5 and 6 Nov., notes 5, Johannes Thornton fecit 1719. In Multis 
Annis Resonet Campana Johannis, and 6, sum Mosa ^JJulsata jHunill Jtlaria 
"Focata. al. sim. 


227. HALESWORTH 6'. J/.7r>-. Tenor in C. 

8 and Clock bell. 
I, 2 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1770. 

3 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1759. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

+ 67 ^anctc n 68 Z\)oma □ 68 ©ta Q 68 ^ro Q 68 



6 IJ 65 thrice. 

+ 67 n 68 SoDanncS D 68 Cl)vi!3ti D 68 CTarc D 68 
IDicinare D 68 pro \J 68 iiobijs Q otaw. 

7 U 86 AB U 50. 


^nno Domini 161 1. 

8 iltio BcpaireD ^5 ^^ogct 2^ooDss CJragmud iHoss CJ)urcI) 

SSarlicns '^afctg dl^arctt gabc me. WIB. 

Clock bell. T. Mears London fecit 1826. 

Davy, 1806, agrees with this. No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 5 and 
a Sance bell 1553. 7th, inconceivably honeycombed, lasts by a miracle. 

228. HARGRAVE ^. ^.//«//«^. Tenor in A. 3 Bells. 

1 ^ Thomas Cheese □ 82 James □ 82 Edbere 1622. 

2 T. Mears of London fecit 1841. 
Ehzabeth White, Sarah White. 

3 n 81 Anno n 82 : n 82 Regni Q 82 Regine D 81 

Elizabeth. De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni 
me fecit. 
□ 81 Anno n 82 Domini □ 82 1566. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. "3 bells," Davy. The treble has 
been over-flattened. 

229. HARKSTEAD 6". Mary. 5 Bells. 

3, 4 Miles Graye made me 161 1. 
I, 2 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1722. 
5 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1722. 
So Da\y. 3 in 1553. 

230. HARLESTON ^. Augicstine. Diam. 16^ in. Note D. 

I Bell. 
Bell. J. Warner &: Sons, London. 
(Royal Arms) Patent. 

Recast 1862. Rev^. C. Perry Rector. James Matthew 

2 in 1553. Davy, June 13th, 1827, notes a small bell in a cupola, inac- 

231. HARTEST All Saints. Tenor. Diam. 38* in. 11 cwt. 

5 Bells. • 
I5 2, 3, 4 John Darbie made me 1661. 
5 John Darbie made me 1661. William Coppinge Richard 
Mirrld (sic) C.W. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, Aug. 17, 1831, " 5 Bells." 


232. HAS K ETON S. Andreta. Tenor. Diam. 36^ in. Note A. 

5 Bells. 
r, 3, 4, 5 Miles Graye made me 1628. 
2 T. Mears of London fecit 1832. Samuel Randale, 

I, 3, 4, 5 also bear the arms of Nath. Atherold, ob. 1678. No return of 
bells in certif. of 1547. " Wodbridge haston... Great bells iiij." Return 
of 1553- 

233. HAUGHLEY^. J/^70'. Tenor. Diam. 45 in., in F. Weight 

I ton. 5 Bells. 

1 Virorum \ sumptus \ nostrorum \ sunt ; Haughley. 
Recast in memory of E. Ebdon Surgeon for 43 years a 

resident of this Parish. 
E. E. Ward A^icar. ^' J- ^'^^^rison | Churchwardens 
S. S. Baker [ 1885. 

J. Smyth, G. Reed 1702 HP 
Recast by John Warner & Son, London, 
2, 3, 4, 5 Stefanvs Q 82 Tonni Q 82 me Q 82 Fecit D 82 
WL □ 82 1572. 
D 81 De n 82 Buri D 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi D 82. 
XJ 81 Sumptus n 82 Nostrorum Q 82 Sunt Q 82 
Haughlue □ 82 Virorum. 
So Davy, 4 and a Sance bell in 1553. 

234. HAVERHILL ^. J/^ry. 5 Bells. 

I, 3 John Darbie made me 1669. 

2 John Darbie made me 1685. 

4 Joseph Eayre S', Neots 1765, John Godfrey and Abel 

Bull Churchwardens.^ 

5 Tho. Newman of Norwich made mee. 
W, Wilshere & S. Bridge C,W. 1729. 

" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. No notes, Davy. 

235. HAWKEDON S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

1, 2, 3, 5 Miles Graye made me 1683. 

4 Samuel Sparrow William Pettit Church Wardens. J. S. 
fecit 1 72 1, 
So Davy, " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

236. HAWSTEAD All Saints. 3 and a Sance bell. 

I + 15 U 9 CHtcrnig Slnnts Mcfonct Campana 3)o6anntS. 

2, 3 Henry Pleasant made me 1696. Thomas Cason CW. 
Sance Bell. No inscription. 

" Halstede.. .Great bells j." Return of 1553. The engraving of the Sance 
bell, fig. 78, is taken from the chancel, and the bell hangs at the south end 
of the Rood-screen. See p. 82. 

The Whitechapel foundry cast five bells, tenor 9 cwt., for Hardwick 
House in this parish at some time in the last 100 years, 


Ecclesia destructa. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 


238. H ELM INGHAM 6". J/tirj. Tenor. Diam. 49 in., in D. 

Weight igf cwt. 8 Bells. 
I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 T. Mears of London Fecit 18 15. 

7 1815. 

8 The Peal of Eight Bells were the gift of the Right 

Hon^'^. the Earl of Dysart. Anno Domini 1815. 
T. Mears of London Fecit. 

Davy, 5 Aug., 1806, left spaces for inscription on 6 bells, but alas ! did not 
write them in. T. Martin (no date) notes 5. Old Tenor, Lionell Tallmach 
Esq. De Bvri Sti. Edm. 1562. Stephanvs Tonni me fecit. Davy. See 
Henley. 4 in 1553. 

239. HEMmGSTONE S. Gregory. Tenor. Diam. 45in. 

3 Bells. 

1 Charles Newman made me 16S6. 

2 U 65. 

+ 5ancta D i^atia \J ©ra n ^ro Q i^obis. 

3 U65. 

+ Cell n Set n iWunus n ^ut n IScgnat D ^t Q 

So Davy, 8 May, 1824, imperfectly, crossing i and 2. 3 in 1553. 

240. HEM LEY A// Saints. 1 Bell. 

Bell. Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 14. 

So Davy, 21 May, 181 1, save 1715. 

No return in certif. of 1547. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

241. H EN GR Ay E S. /c?/i;i. i Bell. 

Bell. 1796. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

" No bells, except a small one for the clock." Davy. 

242. HENHAM. 

Ecclesia destriicta. No return in 1553. 

243. WEWV.Ey S. Peter. Tenor 9 cwt. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Mears & Son of London fecit 1809. 

2 John Darbie made me 1658. 

Rafve Meadowe | .i- u n 

Willyam Meadowe ] S^ve this bell. 

3 Lionellus Tolmach Comes de Dysart hunc de novo 

fundi C. 1736. 

4 65 thrice. 

+ ^ancta Q iWaria D ®ra D i^to D iiobtg. 

5 U 65 thrice. 

-j- ^anctc D ^oma D ©ra D i^ro D i^obtg. 

Davy, 9 May, 1824, "The Clerk told me this (now the 3rd) came from 
Helmingham." 4 in 1553. 

The old tenor was by Gardiner, 1729, and weighed 10 cwt. i qr. 25 lbs., 
without the crown staple. From this the present treble is supposed to be 
made. The old 3rd by Miles Graye, 161 7, was exchanged for a bell at 
Helmingham c. 1870. In 1730 ^22 \is. was paid to a Sudbury founder, 
no doubt Gardiner, for casting a bell and carriage. 


244. HEN STEAD 6*. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
So Davy, 31 Aug., 1809. " One," Martin, 1750. 
3 and a Sance bell in 1553. 

245. HEPWORTH S. Peter. Tenor. Diam. 35 in, in A. 

5 Bells. 
I, 2, 3 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1726. 

4 Rob'. Nunn Churchwarden. William Dobson 1825. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

-|- ^etrus a?) lEtctnc Q 63 Bucat ilios ^^agcua Wwt. 
Impressions of coins and medals on i, 2, 3. " (ireat bells iij." Return 
of 1553. 4 "Thomas Draper the younger made me 15931" says Davy, 6 
Jan., 1810, otherwise as above. 

246. HERRINGFLEET S. Margaret. 2 Bells. 

1 1837. 

2 AB U 86 U 52. 

Slnno J3omim 161 1. 
"Heryngsheath... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. We find from Reeve's 
Historical Collection that there were three bells, one inscribed + ©uesumus 
anUrea. iramuloruiu ^uscipc ¥013, and another + DulctS €tSto i'ttelis. 
CTamyana Vocov Jtlttljaclts. 

247. HERRI NGSWELL 6". Ethclbert. Tenor in B3, all tuned by 

turning. 3 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 I. Taylor & Co., Founders, Loughborough, 1869. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

The original treble, iFac Jlflargareta iflobts "^n ittunera Heta ley 
Ijono robfrii t)ou (T. Martin). Recast 1741, inscribed John Pond C.W. 
1741. Tho. Newman made me. 2 Q ?^?fc Ji^'t :=covu □ Cl^ampa 
Saiilic 23onoru. 3 D ^M £n ©onclafac D (J^abiicl i'iunc ^angc ^uabc. 

These three bells seen by me early in 1849 bore the usual Norwich marks. 
Davy reports these so, 22 Aug., 1828. Martin notes 3 in 1755, so that the 
jFac Jttargareta must have come from earlier notes. 

248. H ESS ETT ^. ^///^/^^r/ (fine bells). 5 Bells. 

I, 2 Robert Midson John Vacher Churchwardens. 
John Stephens made me 1724. 

3 T. Osborn Founder 1787. 

4 John Stephens Bell-founder of Norwich made me 1724. 

5 John Stephens made me 1724. 

So Davy. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

See notes in Canon Cooke's History of Hessett, in the proceedings of the 
Suffolk Institute of Archaeology, vol. iv.. No. 6, pp. 330, 331. 

249. HEVENINGHAM ^. J/;;:^?''^/-^^- Tenor 9 cwt. 5 Bells. 

1 Tho. Osborn fecit 1797- Percute dulce cano. 

2 T. Osborn Downham fecit 1797. 

3 T. Osborn fecit 1797. Cum voco Venite. 

4 T. Osborn fecit 1797. 

5 Thos. Osborn fecit 1797. Long live King George the 




No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 4 in 1553. 

Extract from Terrier rendered 24 May, 1784, "also four bells with frames, 
the least thought to weigh 7 cwt., the 2nd 9 cwt., the 3rd 11 cwt., and the 
4th about 15 cwt." One of the present five is cracked in the shoulder. 

250. HIGH AM S. Suj>/iaL i Bell. 

Bell. Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1861. 
Presented by Joseph Gurney Barclay Esq""., Higham, 

251. HIGHAM S. Alary. Tenor 8 cwt. 6 Bells. 

1 Thomas Mears, Founder, London 1842. The gift of A. 

C. Reeve, Esq. 

2 John Darbie made me 1675. 

3 William Mears of London fecit 1781. John Stubbin 


4 John Darbie made me 1663. 

5 + 43 U 23 ^ancta dfiDcS Ora ^ro ilobi^. 

6 John Darbie made me 1675. John Partridge C. W. 
So Davy, only transposing 2 and 3. See p. 23. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 4 in 1553. On the battlement of 
the steeple "J. S. W. M. 1786." 

The late Vicar, the Rev. A. C. Reeve, died early in 1889. He was insti- 
tuted in 1835. 

252. HINDERCLAY ^. Mary. Tenor. Diam. 39I in., in G. 

c. 13 cwt. 6 Bells. 

1 Cum voco venite. T. Osborn Downham fecit 1790. 

2 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 16. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-|- gancta : catcrina : ora : pronobif. 

4 I. D. and A. G. made me 162 1. 

5 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1734. 

6 IJ 50 thrice. 

+ 61 J2o«i ©Dome iHcritts D 62 iHcccamut ffiauliia 
ilucb. 3)ol)cs Samfon. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy"s notes on the Pitcher, 19 June, 
1844. Sperling says, " Tenor G, 14 cwt," 

253. HINTLESHAM ^. iV}V//^/^^. Tenor. Diameter 37 in., about 

8i cwt. 5 Bells. 

I, 5 John Darbie made me 1678. 

2 John Darbie made me 1677. 

3 John Darbie made me 1678. S. H. C.W. 

4 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 1722. 
So Davy. 2 in 1553. 

254. HITCHAM A// Samfs. Tenor 8 cwt. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 Thomas Mears of London, flounder, 1837. 
^ William Powell ] r-. u j 
2 W-". Everett j Churchwardens. 

4 'Henry Pleasant made me 1697. 
William Powell | „j , 
Wm Everett j hardens. 


5 Thomas ... Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1755. 
I Fieldgate \ r w 

R. Kemball f *-• ^^• 

6 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1744. 
I. Fieldgate I p w 

I. King / 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

T. Martin, 6 July, 1741, notes 6. Davy, 24 Oct., 1826, 5. 

255. HO LB ROOK A/I Saints. 5 Bells. 

1 Pack & Chapman of London Fecit 1775. 
Thomas Green & Jn°. Clark Ch. Wardens. 

2 William Dobson Founder Downham Norfolk 1807. 

3 Robert Patrick of London Founder 1783. 
Tho^ Green Churchwarden. 

4 John Darbie made me 1661. 

5 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1722. 
No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 4 in 1553. 

" Five bells, the oldest founded 1661." Davy. 

256. HOLLESLEY ^// Saints. . 3 Bells. 

1 Anno Domini 1620. 

2 U 65 thrice. 

-|- Sancta i*laria Ora ^ro iiobis. 

3 Per me fidelis invocantur ad preces. Anno 1620. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

There was another bell, with a large hole in the upper part of it, probably 
the treble, at Davy's visit, 14 Sept., 1824, inscribed, " Miles Graye made me 
1637," otherwise his record agrees with this, save that he kindly corrects 
" hdelis " to " iideles." 

257. HOLTON S. Mary. Notes B, Bb, Ab. 3 Bells. 

1 U 65 thrice. 

+ ^ancte D 68 \Uyx\t D 68 ©ra Q 68 ^ro Q 68 iiobtS. 

2 John Darbie made me 1674. R. T. C.W. 

3 ij 65 thrice. 

+ 67 llbc D 68 itlaria D 68 (Sacla (sic) Q 68 ijJIcna D 
68 Bominus Q 68 ®ccum. 
3 in 1553- 

258. HOLTON S. Peter. i Bell. 

BeU. Three marks, " M. H. M. 1881 " (by Moore, 
Holmes and Mackenzie.) 
2 in 1553. " One bell." Davy. 

259. HOMERSFIELD S. Mary. 2 c^ 3 out of tune. 3 Bells. 

1 U 86 AB U 5-- 

^mio ©omtni 16 19. 

2 U 52 thrice. 

-f- 61 dPac i«arsarcta D 62 £}obU Sicc iHuncra Hcta. 
^ ij 50 thrice. 

+ 61 ?i?ac Jin eonclabc D 62 Gabriel Jlunc ^^angc 5uat.c. 
^' Hum^sfelde in Sowthelma... Great bells iij." Return of 1553- 
Davy notes three bells, but could not get ihe key. INIay 18, 1S30. 


260. HONINGTON All Saints. Tenor A, c. 8 cwt. 3 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 U 50 thrice. 

-f 61 abc i^atia CUratta ^iJlcna D 62 Sna IZTccum. 

3 John Draper made me 1600. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 25 July, 1832, " 2 bells. ' 

261. HOO ^5. Andrew a7id Eustachius. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription (very small, cracked). 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547, or in 1553. 
Davy, Apr. 21, 1S19, notes it as inacessible. 

262. HOPTON All Saints. Tenor in Y%, c. 13 cwt. 6 Bells. 

1 William Dobson Downham Norfolk fecit 1807. 

2 John Draper made me 1629. 

3, 4, 5 John Draper made me 1630. 
6 John Draper made me 1626. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 27 July, 1824, omits date on 
2. al. sim. Sperling (i860) says, "Tenor FA, 13 cwt." 

263. HOPTON ^. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. T. Mears of London fecit 1S15. 
No return of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. "Great bells iij." Return 
of 1553. Three bells mentioned in Reeve's Historical Collection. 

264. V\0?.\^^\^ S. Mary. Tenor in Bb , out of tune. 8 Bells. 

1 John □ Clvb 1673 □ Horham. 

2 John Clvb Horham 1672. 

3 John Clvb Horham 1672. 

4 John Clovb [Gierke] 1658. 

5 Johanes Draper me fecit 1605. 

6, 7 John Darbie made me 1663. John Clovbe Rector of 

Horham and Athelington. 
8 Anno Domini 1568 (1568 also scratched in the mould). 

4 in 1553. Davy, 16 July, 1809, notes these nearly so, except the tenor. 
They are the earliest octave, apparently, in the county. The Terrier, 13 
Dec, 1672, notes " Eight bells, with frames, ropes, etc." 

John Clubb, Rector, left in 1693, 6^-. 8rtf. to be given to the poor on Plough 
Monday. His arms are on i, 2, 3. Lettering of these puzzling. 

265. MORNINGS HEATH S.Leonard. 6 Bells. 

1 William Dobson Founder 18 18. 

2 Peace and good neighbourhood. 

3 William Dobson Downham Norfolk Fecit 18 18. 

4 These Six Bells were given by Arthur Brooks Esq'., 18 18. 

5 W>". Bacon Wigson Esq"", and Thomas Gardiner Church- 

wardens 18 1 8. 

6 The gift of Arthur Brooks Esq"". The ReV^. Henry 

Hasted, M.A. Rector. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Tom Martin, c. 1724, notes, " Steeple 
lowered. 3 bells." Davy in 1834 by mistake records only 5 bells. 


266. HOXNE SS. Peter and Paul. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1676. E. \V. A. G. J. H. S. L. 

2 Omnis Sonus laudet Dominum. 1655 J. B. 
U (arms of Thruston, engraved on the bell). 

3 + John Goldsmith fecit 17 11 Gabriel J. L. R. W. C. W. 

T. P. 

4 U 50 ©rate TJ 50 pro aia U 50 Ifvirarlii Smitlj. 

n 62 iSos Cljomc iWcritts □ 61 iWrreamur (&aut)ia 3luci0. 

5 D 47 AHt iHar^arrta Q 48 iiobis ^}tt itTuncra Seta. 
1; and a Sance bell in 1553. See Thorpe Abbot's, L'Estrange, p. 223. 
Martin (without date) notes "upon one cast some years ago was this, 

?^ac fin (JToncIabc ©alirtfl Nunc 13angc Suabt." This was almost certamly 
the present 3rd. He gives wrongly ISrotonc for Smtlft on the 4th. See his 
note. Gillingwater, 20 Aug., 1799, says, "The 6th bell being split was sold 
about 50 years ago, and the money applied towards seating and repairing 
the church." In witness whereof the present five are in note the first five of 
a six. 

N.B. At Thorpe Abbot's are two bells : — 

1 John Darbie made me 1678. 

2 John Goldsmith fecit 1712. Mr. John Caton Ch. Wd. Mr, 

SI. Staiiard. 
T. R. E. iij belles. One said to have been sold to Hoxne. 
East Ano^lian, I., 108, for repair of Clock (1521) in Bishop's Palace. 

267. HULVER. 

Ecclesia destructa. 

268. HUN DON All Saints. Tenor. Diam. 3 ft. 10 in. 6 Bells. 

1 Tho''. Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1796. 

2 Charles Newman made mee 1701. 

3 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury Fecit 1726. 

4 T. Osborn Fecit Downham Norfolk 1801. 

5 Thomas Mears Founder London 1841. 

6 John Thornton Sudbury Made me 1720. 
Henry Teverson | ^h^ Wds 

John Hills j 

"Great bells v." Return of 1553. No notes, Davy. 

269. W\}n^TO\A S. Michael. 3 Bells. 

1 Pack & Chapman of London fecit. John Rust C. W." 

2 J. D. made me 16 14. 

3 Johannes Drivervs me fecit 161 7. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 6 July, 1843, " three bells." 

2 70. HUNTINGFIELD ^. J/./n'. Tenor cracked. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas IJ Gardiner Q fecit 1722. 

2 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1720. 
3, 4, 5 Tho. Gardiner fecit 1720. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 3 in i553- 

Davy, I Aug., 1806, gives no inscriptions. P^-ame very bad now. 

271. \OY.UnQy\^^\^ All Saints. 3 Bells. 

I IJ 8 thrice, 
n 61 S^irginig ^grcgic D 61 2Focot CJampana |tTarlf. 


2 IJ 51 thrice. 

n 47 dutfumus SlnDrca □ 48 ipamulorum ^ufcipc Wotti. 

3 Johanes Draper me fecit 1608. 
"Great Bells iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

272. \CKL\NGHAN\ S. /c7mes. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 20 Aug., 1829, notes one bell. 

273. ICKWORTH S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Tho: Gardiner he me did cast 

111 sing his praise unto the last. 17 11. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. No mention of bells by Davy. 

274. \Y.^^ S. Botolph. 4 Bells. 

1 U26n2 2U25 ^anttc <ri)omn ©ta ^to iiobtg. 

2 £2aoi- Sluguftini <$onct Hit ^uvc S3ct. 
U26 D 22 u 25 

3 U 26 n 22 IJ 25 e^ancta ISatcrina 0ra ^10 ^obig. 
■ - § § ■§ s s 

4 Sanctc lacobc ©ra 4^ro iiobtS U 29. 

No return of bells in ccrtif. of 1547. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
So Davy, save that he could not read No. 2. See pp. 25, 33. 2 should 
have been mentioned with i and 3. 

275. ILKETSHALL S. Andrexu (before the fire, Sept., 1889). 

4 Bells. 
I, 2, 3 ^nno Somtni 1623. 
4 Ricardvs Bowler me fecit 1598. 
So Davy, March i6th, 1810. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
In 1547 John Emerys and John Chevez C.W. return that "Robert Skytte 
w'h the consent of thole Towne did sell one payre of chalyes v yeres agone to 
the sum of iiij m^cs \d.'" which was bestowed about one bell, also "that 
Roger Walker and Rychard Warner did selle one payre of chalyes ths last 
yeare to the Siile of xxxvi-. whereof we have bestowed vpo a great belle xxji'." 
The date on the tenor and one of the other bells remained unmelted. 
The metal, when run out, yielded 14 cwt., enough for recasting the two 
larger bells. Old tenor B. Diam. 34 in. i and 2 cracked in the crown. 

276. ILKETSHALL S. lo/ni Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell : n • SAHCTG : PGTI\G : Or;A : PBO : 

me : 

"Great bells ij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 
"One small bell," Davy, March 16, 1810. 

277. ILKETSHALL 6'. Laurence. 2 Bells. 

1 1619. W. B. 

2 Anno Dni 16 19. W. B. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. So in substance, Davy, Mar. 16, 1810. 

278. \LKET SV\ ALL S. Margaret. 3 Bells. 

I U 8 thrice. 
D 12 <^um ISloga l^ulsata itTunDi I\atcrina ITotata. 


2 U 8 thrice. 

D 12 Bulcts <^tsto 0le\i^ ©ampana Wotot (EabncUg. 

3 IJ 50 thrice. 

n 61 i*luncrc 33aptigtc Q 62 JlJcncDictus <§tt CTJoniS Istc. 
" Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 

Treble cracked, 2 and 3 poor tinny bells. Tenor in F, a little sharp. In- 
accessible to Davy, May 20, 1830. 

279. \ l^GH AM S. Barf /lo/omeia. Tenor F^. Diam. 4if in. 

5 Bells. 
I, 2, 3, 4, 5 G. Mears, founder, London. 

Offered at the Church at Ingham in memory of her 
Ancestors by Frances Wakeham, June, i860. 

The old bell was inscribed, U 9 + U 9 fS?" i^oba Campana Jttargarcta 
CPst iSomtnala. See p. 17. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 25 Aug., 1829, " Only one bell." 

280. \PSW\CH A// Sainfs. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

281. IPSWICH S. Clement. Tenor F]f. Diam. 43 in. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 John Darbie made me 1680. 
So Davy, 19 May, 181 1. 

" Itm bells in the Stepyll iiij." Return of 1553. See East Anglian^ 
N. S. III., 204, etc., January, 1890. 

282. IPSWICH ^. ^^/^«. 2 Bells. 

I Me Made Graye Miles 162 1. 

2+67 Jiancta Q i'Haiia D ©ra D i^^o i^obig. 
"Seynt Ellyns...Impms bells in the Stepyll iij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 19 May, 181 1, notes a third bell, hke the present 2nd. 

283. IPSWICH ^. Z^?/m/^^. Tenor F. Diam. 43. ^ in. 5 Bells. 

1 U 66 thrice. 

4- 67 Jancta D iJ*Tavta Q ©ra D l^ro D iiobig. 

2 U 32 D 22 Sancta iiatcvina ©ra ^vo J^obis. 

3 IJ 50 thrice. 

n 61 ^onitug lEgiCiti D 62 ^srcnDit au Culmtna Celt. 

4 IJ 50 thrice. 

n 61 i^03 ^{)omc #i;crttt« D 62 iHcrcamur (©autila 3luc(s. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

D 61 5um Eosa pulgata D 62 i>Xunlit i«aria Uocata. 
So Davy, 20 May, 181 1. See his note for legacies to the steeple. _ 
"bells we have sold non." Certif. of parishioners, 1547. "Itm in the 
Stepyll bells v Wheruppon gothe the Chymes. Itm Sanctus bell." Return 
of 1553. Tower engraved in the Building News, Dec. 29, 1882. 

284. XP^'HXOW S. Margaret. Tenor F. Diam. 44 in. 6 Bells. 

I, 3, 4, 5 Miles Graye made me 1630. 
2 K.obertus Richmond. 

Miles Graye made me 1630. 

6 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

The living to the church, the dead unto the grave, 
Thats my onely calling and propertie I have. 
No return of bells in certif of 1547. "Itm bells in the stepyll iiij." 
Return of 1553. Davy, 31 Aug., 1825, "six." 


285. \PSy\f\CH S. Mary-a^-£/ms. Tenor G. Diam. 36 in. 

^> 3) 5 John Darbie made me 1660. 5 Bells. 

2 + + U 23. 
4 Miles Graye made me 16 13. 
"Itm bells in the stepyll iiij. Itm Sanctus bell j." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 21 Aug., 182 1, notes i and 4 as here, gives 1662 as the date of the 
tenor, crosses 2 and 3, the former of which he calls " plain." 

286. \PSVJ\C\^ S. Mary-ai-Quay. Tenor A. Diam. 33 in. 

6 Bells. 
I T. G. fecit 1732. Mr. Henry Bowell C.W. 
2, 3, 6 John Darbie made me 1662. 

4 Miles Graye made me 1613. 

5 Pack & Chapman I^ondon fecit 1775. 

" Itm Sanctus bell i. Itm bells in the stepyll iv." Return of 1553. 
Davy, II June, 181 1, notes 2 and 3 as dated 1663. 

287. \PSV^\CH S. Mary S^oJ^e. 2 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 Miles Graye me made 1615. 

"Itm bells in the stepyll iiij." Return of 1553. Another removed 1887, 
which Davy, 2 Aug., 1824, notes "plain." 

288. I PSW \CH S. Mary le Tower. Tenor D:> , 32 cwt. Diam. 58 in. 

12 Bells. 

1 -f- CTantatc i3omino CTantico i?iobo -|- 1866. 

2 John Taylor & Son, Loughborough, Founders, July 15th, 


3 George Taylor Joselyn & Edwin Brook Churchwardens 


4 Christopher Hodson made me 1688. R. M. T. S. 

5 -(- EauDate Bominiim In Cjmbalis Ucncjsonantilius -|- 1866. 
6, 8, 10 John Darbie made me 167 1. 

7 Miles Graye made me 1607. 
9 -|- lEn Mcsono lirparata iHana i3cfora '^ocata -\- 
Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1866. 

11 Miles Graye made me 16 10. 

12 -|- ITriplcf persona ^rinitas iiunc ©auliia J3ona. 
Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1861. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 5 and a Sanctus bell in 1553. 

Davy, 2 Aug., 1810, notes i, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 (the present 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, and 
11) as here. The old 2nd (present 5th) was like the old treble, and Warner 
in 1866 repeated the inscription on the old 6th (present 9th), dated 1707. 
The recasting saved any tuning. 

289. IPSWICH S. Matthew. Tenor G. Diam. 39 in. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 5 Pack &: Chapman of London fecit 1772. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-j- 5ancta D I^^atcrina D ©ra D i^ro Q i^obtg. 

4 Miles Graie made me 1605. 

So Davy, 17 June. 1824. No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 

" Itm bells in the stepyll iiij. Itm Sanctus bell. Return of 1553. 

In 1583, ^4 4J. zd. was paid for casting a bell and overweight, and 5^. 4^. 
for carrying it to Bury. In 1606 the brass of the 3rd cost 6d. for carrying to 
Colchester and back, and Myles Graye received £,\ 2s. 6d, for casting the 
2nd. There are some more curious items. 



290. \PS\N\Ch\ S. 2V/c/w/as. Tenor G. Diam. 39 in. 5 Bells. 

I, 3 H. P. 1706. W Tweedy E. Syer C"^ 
2 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

4 Henry Pleasant have at last 

Made us as good as can be cast. 1706. 

5 H. P. 1706. Marlburio duce castra cano vastata inimicis. 
So Davy, 30 June, 1826. No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 

" Itiii bells in the stepyll iiij. Itm Sanctus bell." Return of 1553. 
_ It is supposed that a Church dedicated to All Saints once stood on the 
site of S. Nicholas. See p. 141. 

291. IPSWICH ^. T^t'/^r. Tenor Gij:. Diam. 3 4^ in. 6 Bells. 

T John Darbie made me 1682. 

2 Thos. Gardiner Sudbury Fecit 1733. 

3 No inscription 

4 John Darbie made me 1683. 
George Maciery Moreto. ? 

5 T. Rainbird, W. Goodrich CW^ T. G. Fecit 1735. 

6 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

" Itffi bells in the Stepyll iiij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 15 June, 181 1, assigns these inscriptions thus: — 

1 nowhere j 4 to 3 

2 to I 5 to 4 

3 to 2 I 6 to 5, and calls the tenor 
"John Catchpole C.W. Charles Newman made me 1701." 

292. \PS\N\CH S. Sfe/>/ien. Tenor B, 3 Bells. 

1 U II thrice. 

+ Voy auguftini 5onct In ^urc Bci. 

2 ij II thrice. 

-|- ©riftu-i ^crpctuc 33ct iiobis Cautita WiU. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. " Itm bells m the Stepyll iiij." 
Return of 1553. Davy, 3 Aug., 1810, "3 Bells." See p. 17. 

293. \PSVJ\CH Ilo/y Tri;iify. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Gardiner Norwich fecit 1751. 
Church about the beginning of the century. 

294. IXy^ORTH S. Mary. Tenor E, c. 18 cwt. 6 Bells. 

I John Darbie made me 1682. Sim: Boldero, The. 

Clark ChvrchWardens. 
2, 3 John Darbie made me 1665. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

-j- ^ancta Q iHaria D Ora D il^ro D MoUi. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

-f- 61 iSos ^Jome i^crttis Q 62 iHtrcamur (i5aut)ta Huclg. 

6 Roger Boldero Gent & Tho^ Garnham Ch, Wardens. 
Lester & Pack of London fecit 1766. 

" Yxford.. .Great bells V. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 24 July, 1832, gives no bell notes, but an interesting inscription 
from the tower. The tower bears the name of " Master Robert Schot, 
Abot" (of Bury). He was a native of Ixworth, and the date is c. 1470. 
See pp. 55, 69, 123, 125. 



295. KEDINGTON vS^. Peter and Paid. 5 and Clock bell. 

1 Thomas Mears, Founder, London, 1838. 

2 The. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1743. 
3, 4, 5 John Darbie made me 1673. 

Clock bell. 1779. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. No notes, Davy. See p. 124. 

296. KELSALE S. Peter. 8 Bells. 

I, 2 T. Mears of London fecit 1831. 

3 John Darbie made me t68i. 

4 J. Peele me fecit. E. H. Burssor Churchwarden 1708. 

5 T. Mears London fecit 1830. 

6 S. Newton, J. Peele fecit. E. Hobart, E H. Burssor, 

John Brothers, Ralph Eade Churchwardens 1708. 

7 U 50 thrice. 

n 61 IBona l*lcpcnlic ^ia Q 62 iflogo iHagDalcna ifWaria. 

8 John Darbie made me 1681. Philip Eade, A. E. 

feoffees, Ralph Eade, Churchwarden, William Wright, 

M. W. C. E. 
No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 4 and a Sance bell in 1553. 6 and 7 
noted so by Davy, 29 May, 1806. I am not quite sure of the 7th marks. 
See pp. 58, 124, 146. 

297. KENTFORD 6". i^/^;j. 3 Bells. 

I, 2 Thomas Newman of Norwich made mee 1735. 
3 T. Newman made me. R. Norman & T. MuUinger 
C. W. 1735. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Three bells. Davy. See p. 138. 

298. K^HT on All Saints. 2 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 16 13 

2 Miles Graye made me 1630. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 10 Nov., 1815, notes two bells. 
See pp. 117, 118. 

299. KERSEY .S. yl/.^o'. Tenor F. Diam. 42 in. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 16. 

3 D 81 1576 D 82 De n 82 Bvri D 82 Santi D 82 

Edmondi D 82 Stefanvs D 82 Tonni Q 82 me 
D 82 fecit n 82 W L 

4 Christopher Hodson made me 1689. 

John Fellget Edward Lapeg Church Wardens. 

5 Stephen Kembell John Hodson made me 1662. W. H. 

Rodger Clarke Church Warden. 

6 Samuel Sampson Church Warden I say 

Caused me to be made by Colchester Graye M. 1638. 

Clock bell. Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 16. 
So with one or two involuntary variations, Davy. Clock bell from him, 
19 Aug., 1825. "Carsseye... Great bells v." Return of 1553. See pp. 96, 
118, 132, 143. 

300. KESGRAVE ^//^-^r/;//^. i Bell. 

Bell. -|- Sancta ittaria ©ra ^ro ilobtS U 29. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy. Note on Sir Samuel Barnardiston's generosity. See p. 33. 


301. KESSINGLAND ^. ^^///««^. Tenor E. 5 Bells. 

1 Anno Domini 1617. WIB 

2 Thomas Newman made me 1 7 1 1 . 
Thomas Jealous C. W. 

3 Thomas Newman made me 1728. 
Thomas Brown, C. Warden. 

4 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London, 1866. 

5 J. S. Crowfoot Churchwarden. R. Manthorp Overseer 

1813. T. Mears of London fecit. 
No return of bells in certif. of 1547. "Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." 
Return of 1553. The old fourth was merely dated 161 5, and the old tenor 
was inscribed, "Thomas Newman made me 1728. Thomas Brown C.W. 
John Jenner." Davy, who gives 161 5 as the date of the treble. Tower, 93 
feet high, a line sea-mark, bee pp. 114, 137. 

302. KETTLEBASTON S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1663. 

2 Steven Barton John Jenings Churchwardens 1699. 

3 D 81 1567 n 82 De D 82 Bvri Q 82 Santi Q 82 

Edmondi □ 82 Stefanvs Q 82 Tonni □ 82 me 

D 82 fecit. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, by mistake, 27 August, 1826, 2 Bells. See pp. 96, 123, 136. 

303. KETTLEBURGH .9. ^//^;rw. 3 Bells. 

I Samuel Thompson, D.D., Rector. Robert Sparrow Gent. 
Robert Salmon, Ch W. R. P. fee. 171 1. 


So Davy, 3 Oct., 1805. "Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See pp. 
102, 148. 

304. KIRKLEY 5. P./^r. i BeU. 

Bell. U 52 thrice. 

-f- 61 33ulcis ^tsto iildis Q 62 CTampa iiJocor itlidjis. 
So Davy. No return of bells in certif. of 1547. "Great bells iiij." 
Return of 1553. See p. 55. 

305. KIRTON S. Mary. 1 Bell. 

Bell, No inscription. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 15 July, 1829, i Bell. 
In C, not a modern bell, and possibly an old one, with high crown. 
Diameter 28 in. C. H. H. 

306. KNETTISHALL.4// Sahits. 3 Bells. 

1 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1720. 

2 John Draper made me 1628. 

3 John Draper made me 1609. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1353. Davy, 7 July, 1843, no notes. See 
pp. Ill, 112, 144. 

307. KNODDISHALL S. Laurence. 1 Bell. 

Bell. AV. L B. Anno Domini 1622. 
So Davy, i Aug., 1S08. 3 in 1553. No return in 1553. Terrier of 1725 
names three bells. Terrier of 1806 names one bell. Sec p. 114. 


308. LACK FORD vS. Laurence. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1735 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. One bell. Davy. See p. 138. 

309. LAKENHEATH 6". J/^rr;'. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Mears, Founder, London, 1841. 

2 ^ancta liatcttna ora pro Jiobis -|- 21 U 20 -f- 

3 Cristus ^crpctiic 33ct Jiobis (©auCta 2Fitc + 21 U 20 -f- 

4 John Parsley Vicar. Charles Newman made me 1697. 

5 John Darbie made me 1676. Thomas Denton James 

Parlet Churchwardens. 
Clock Bell. — auc Q maiia O (Sratia. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 28 Aug., 1829, notes 5 bells. 
See pp. 21, III. 

310. LANG HAM 6-. Mary. 2 Bells. 

Two small modern bells, about the size of a school-bell. 

"Great bells ij. Sancts Bells j." Return in 1553. 
Davy, 7 July, 1843, "one bell." 

311. \.K\IEHWk\i\ SS. Peter and Paul Tenor. C. 23 cwt. 

8 Bells. 
I, 2 William Dobson, Founder, 181 1. 

3 Henry Pleasant made me 1702. 

4 Ricardus Bowler me fecit 1603. 

Jacobus Fuller et Antonius Hormesby Guardiani ecclesie 
de Lavenham. 

5 Henry Pleasant made me 1703. 

6 Ricardus Bowler me fecit 1603. 

Hie mevs vsvs erit popvlvm vocare (four dwarfs and 
other devices). 

7 C. & G. Mears, Founders, London. 

Richard Johnson, M.A., Rector. James Knight Jen- 
nings, MA., Curate. 

George Mumford | ^,, , j 
T) I .. tj A r Churchwardens. 

Robert Howard j 

Thomas Turner, Woolstapler. Charles King, Shoe- 
maker, 1846. 

8 Miles Graye made me 1625. 

Davy, Aug. 14 and 15, 1S26, omits " Hie, etc., on 6." al. sim. Long and 
interesting note. The old 7th " Henry Pleasant made me 1702." The White- 
chapel men were rightly proud of their new seventh. She had to be flattened, 
however. The tenor (see p. 117) is a very noted bell. John Carr when he 
first heard her, said, " She came in with such a noble sound that she vibrated 
a perfect octave." Others have observed the absence of overtones. Some 
consider that she varies with the weather. Mr. H. A. O. Mackenzie has 
kindly allowed me the sight of the vertical section. The peculiarity seems 
to be thinness, especially at the crown. "Great bells v. Sancts bells j." 
Return in 1553. See Dr. Howard's Vis. of Suffolk, pp. 170, etc. 

312. LAVENHEATH 6-. J/^?////^7£/. i Bell. 

Bell. Back Skieppet ADoLF Guten 

Bygdt Stockholm 

i Jacobstad. A X 1801 af Gerhard Horner. 
See p. 151. 



Fi£. 9c. 


313. LAWSHALL All Saints. 6 Bells. 

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1735. 
6 T. Mears of London fecit 1828. 

Davy, Aug. 16, 1831. "contains 5 bells, which I did not visit." 
'• Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return in 1553. 

314. LAXFIELD All Saints (good). 6 Bells. 

I Lester & Pack of London fecit 1760. 

2, 4 Cast by John Warner & Sons, 1873. 
W"". Bloomfield ) Church ^^'ardens. 
Wf". Aldridge ) George Day hung me. 
Rev<i. J. Dallas Vicar. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-f 67 ^ancta D <H.iri?t Q ^ro (sic) D i^" D l^obig. 

5 : □ DIUinu : AUnXIEtlY (sic) : mAKGAT : SGm- 

PG]^ : nOBISCY. 

6 Thomas Mears of London fecit 1804. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 5 and a Sance bell in 1553. 

Davy, 22 May, 1807, notes the old 2nd, lEii i^ultis aunts Kcsonft Campaiia 

.^ofjifi, and the old 3rd, ^anda fflaria ©ra iJJro iSobis, and the rest as here. 
The tenor has a crack, which Day has stopped by boring a hole. This noble 
tower (fig. 90) bears the arms of Winglicld and Fitz-Lewes in pale. See 
pp. 62, 69. 

315. LAYHAM S. Andreiv. i Bell. 

Bell. U 50 twice U 86. 

-|- 61 i3ona 2i\cpentic ^ia □ 62 IXogo i^aglialcna ittavia. 
" Great bells iiij." Return in 1553. 

T. Martin, 17 Aug., 1717, 4 Bells. Davy, 18 Aug., 1825, only one bell. 
See p. 58. 

316. LEISTON S, Margaret. 8 Bells. 

I, 2 J Taylor & Company B F. Added by F. Garrett in 
remembrance of his partner and brother, who died 
30th July, 1884. 
Vicar, B. W. Raven. 

Churchwardens, F. Sherwood, W. H. Borrett. 
3 John Taylor & Son, Loughborough, 1854. 

4, 6 John Brend made me 1640. 

5, 8 J Taylor & Co., Bell-founders, Loughborough, 1884. 

Dedicated by affectionate children to the memory of 
Elizabeth Garrett, who died the 30th of March, 1884. 
Vicar, B. W. Raven, C. W. F. Sherwood, ^V. H. Borrett. 

7 John Darbie made me 1674 James Reeve John Wool- 

nough C. W. 

The old treble also by Brend 1640. 

Terrier, 1806, i c. 5 cwt. ; 2, 7 cwt. ; 3 c. 9 cwt. ; 4, 12 cwt. ; 5, 15 cwt. 

No return of bells in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. See pp. 124, 153. 

317. LETHERINGHAM S. Mary. i Bell 

Bell. De Buri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 
1572 W. L. 

"Great bells iij." Return in 1553. 

Davy gives the date 1579 (21 April, 1819). See p. 96. 


318. LEVINGTON 5. i'./.r. 3 Bells. 

1 ^tt f'^omcn ^'rnmu i3cnct)irtura U iT H — h 37. 

2 □ em □ op^p □ Ai^o □ Aii^Am □ at-cdas. 

3 n 81 De D 82 Bvri n'82 Santi Q 82 Edmondi Q 82 

Stefanvs D 82 Tonni □ 82 me D 82 fecit D 81 

WL. n 81 1581. 
So Davy, 3 Aug., 1810. "Great bells iij." Return in 1553. They hang 
from N. to S. i, 3, 2. Levington second is of the same type as Capel S. 
Mary tenor. The stop is not engraved, as far as I know. See pp. 35, 77. 

319. U DG AT E S. Mciry. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 John Draper made me 1625. 

3 Charles Newman made mee 1698. 

4 John Draper and Andrew Gurny made me 1625. 

5 W. S. T. T. C.W. The. Gardiner Fecit 172 1. 

Five bells, Davy. "Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return in 1553. 
See pp. 112. 136, 144. 

320. LINDSEY S. Pda: i Bell. 

Bell. Inscription unknown. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy. 19 Aug., 1825, 4 Bells. 
The tower fell in 1836, when three of the four were sold. 

321. LI N STEAD, GREAT, 6". /'^/m i Bell. 

Bell. U 52 thrice. 

-|- 6r 'S'^irgint^ icgrrgtc □ 62 iJUocor Campana iHaric. 
2 in 1553. Davy, 31 May, 1833, "Only one small bell." Terrier, 7 June, 
1806, no mention of a bell. See p. 54. 

322. LINSTEAD, LITTLE, S. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. 1789. 
2 in 1553. Davy, 7 Jan., 1810, "a single bell." See his note. 

323. LIVER MERE. GREAT, 6-. Peter. Tenor 5 cwt. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1762. 
5 Simon Mothersole Farmer & Simon Mothersole Brick- 
layer Ch. Wardens 1762. 
Lester & Pack of London Fecit. 
Davy notes this as recorded on the north wall of the Church. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 149. 

324. VJNE?.UE?.E UTTLE, SS. Peter and Paul i Bell. 

Bell. Charles Newman made mee 1697. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 26 Aug., 1829, "Only i bell." 

325. \j:^\in^ S. John Baptist. 3 Bells. 

I, 2 Tho. Newman of Norwich made mee 1730. 
3 Tho. Newman of Norwich made mee 1730. 
John Kett and William Ellis C. W. 
" One bell hanging and two splitt ones standing in the belfry." Reeve's 
Historical Collection. He adds in a parenthesis, "3 new bells." 

" iiijor Nouembr Ano. R. R. Edwardi pnno Lounde. .A. newe cnyficat 
maid by y^ church Wardens of lownde Thomas Jaxe and RobPt Candlar. 
Itm y' we haue sold a bell for ye some of iiij/z. 

Itm for ye yottyng of a bell ... ... ••• ••■ '^l-^'" 

" Great bells ij." Return of 1553. See p. 137 



Ecdesia dcstructa. No return in 1553. 

327. LOWESTOFT Christ Church. 6 Bells. 

I. W. Blews & Sons, Birmingham. 
Eleanor Strong 
2 W. Blews & Sons, Founders, 1875. 
3. 4 W. Blews & Sons, Birmingham, 1875. 
5 W. Blews & Sons, Birmingham, 1875. 
Charles Hebert, D.D., Vicar. 
E. y. Barnes 

R. S. Barnes [ Churchwardens. 
6 W. Blews & Sons, Founders, Birmingham, 1875. 
-)- Voce mea viva depello cuncta nociva. 
See p. 154. 

328. ^O'H^^JO?'^ S. John Evangelist. i Bell. 

Bell. 1855. 

329. LOWESTOFT S. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. I tell all that doth me see 

That Newman of Norwich new cast mee 1730. 
G. Durrant, C. W. 
"Spire. Square Tower, i Bell. 5 formerly. 4 of them stole or perhaps 
taken away during the time of the Commonwealth." Reeve's Historical 

"iiij° Nouember hs>. Dm. 1547. 

Leystoft. The certyficate of Jamys Jeto"-. Antony Jeto^. Robert Aleyn and 
Roberd Hudschyd Cherchewardens there" makes no mention of bells. 
" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. Seep. 132. 

330. LOWESTOFT 5, Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
Small and modern. 

331. MARLESFORD 6". Andrew. 4 Bells. 

1 U 52 thrice. 

+ 61 In iWultis 'Snmp D 62 Bcfonct ©ampa %^\y^ 

2 Anno Domini 1615. 
I }) J 5S mp 

3 Anno Domini 1615. • 
ii p 3i 35. 

4 U 50 thrice. 

-|- 61 iHuncrc i3apti«tc □ 62 93cncDtctuS Sit CTj^otus Igtf. 

So Davy, nearly. "Mr. Edwd. Williams, Rector, has built a place for 
the Saint's bell." 

lijo Nouember Ao Dm 1547. Certif. of Tho. Bayman and John Nuttall 
C. W. makes no mention of bells. "Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
See p. 59. 

332. MARTLESHAM ^. Mary, 3 Bells. 

I U 52 thrice. 
4- 61 ^Wiffus l)e €t\\i n 62 ?i?abco Jlomcn Gabrtdtg. 

3 U 51 thrice. 



> Churchwardens. 

+ 61 dpac i^argarrta Q 62 iiohii ^tc iWuncra Heta. 

3 Miles Graye made me 1631. 

1547, certificate of and — Syluerne C. W. of Martellesham makes 

no mention of bells. See pp. 53, 57, 118. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

333. MELFORD, LONG, Holy THnify. 8 Bells. 

I T. Lester made me. 

2, 3 Thomas Mears of London, founder, 1833. 
Revd. Edward Cobbold, M.A., Rector. 
Richard Almack, F.S. A., Sir Hyde Parker, Churchwardens. 
4, 7 Thomas Lester made me 1744. 
5 C. & G. Mears, Founders, London, 1845. 
Rev<i. Edwd. Cobbold, Rector. 

George John Coe Robert Harris Esq. Churchwardens. 
6 Abram Oakes Rector. 

Giles Jarmin & Joseph Middleditch Churchwardens 1744. 
Thomas Lester of London made us all 
John Williams of Stonham Aspal hung us all. 
8 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1865. 
Re\^. William Wallace Rector. 
D. Mills 
H. Cooper 
W. Downs hung me. 
Davy, Aug. 16 — 18, 1826, 8. "Abraham Oaks Rector, Giles Jarmin 
Joseph Middleditch Churchwardens 1764. The end crown (sic) the work. 
Thomas Lester of London made us all." 2, 3, 5, as 4 and 7. Long and 
interesting note. When Dr. Warren, Rector, was ejected " as he returned 
home, one of the party beat a frying-pan before him, crying, ' This is your 
Saints bell.'" For an account of Dr. Warren see C. Deedes's Dr. Bisbie's 
MS. collections in Suffolk Ajxhcpology, 1889. Peal in East Atii^lian, 2nd 
S I., 322. " Great bells V. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. Weight of the 
old tenor, 16 cwt., Mears and Stainbank, 31 Jan., 1888. See pp. 97, 149. 

334. MELFORD, LONG, S. Catharines (Mission Room;. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me, 1672. 

This bell used to hang on the top of the tower. It was sold about 1868, 
and repurchased by the Rector, the Rev. C. J. Martyn, for the Mission 
Room. See p. 134. 

335. MELLIS 5. J/«ry. i Belh 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 1626. 
4 in 1553. Martin, 18 Jan., i72»/6, notes 5 bells. Bought from Thwaite 
c. 1846. Davy, 23 April, 1819. notes this inscription as on the Thwaite bell. 
C. W. accounts are interesting. 

336. MELLS^. Margaret. 

Ecdesia destriida. No return in 1553. A small towerless Norman 

337. MELTON S. Andreic. 3 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1618. 

2 U 51 thrice. 

+ ii?ac In Coclauc D 62 ©abtid iiut ipange ^uabc. 



3 U 51 thrice. 

-f f}os 'Crijomc i«cnttg Q 62 iiTcrcamur ffiauDia Sude. 

4 ij 51 thrice. 

+ 61 Sona i^cpcnDc ^13in D 62 Bogo iWagDalena ittavta. 
So Davj% 12 Sept., 1807. (i in old church, 2, 3, 4 in new.) 
iij Nov., 1547, certif. of Roger Truston and John Chamberleyn, C.W. 

makes no mention of bells. "Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 

53, 55, 5S, 117- 

338. MENDh\AM Al/ Saints. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 Tho. Gardiner Norwich fecit 1748. 

3 Anno Domini 1628 W. I. B. 

4 Tho. Lines C.W. Tho. Gardiner Norwich fecit 1748. 

5 U 86 U 50- AB 

^nno Somitti 1623. 

6 Cook Freston Esq. Will™. Rant Esq. 
Tho. Gardiner fecit 1748. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 21 June, 1839, notes 6 bells. See pp. 114, 145. 

339. M EN DLESH AM S. Afary. 5 Bells. 

1 Ultima tuba fui sonitu non ultima vita magna ubi mag- 

nanimo Frederico optimo nuptialia. 16 12. AB 

2 17 50 thrice. W 
-|- 61 Sulcis €tfto iHclig D 62 ©ampa Uocor iW^tcj^is. 

3 ij 50 thrice. 

-f- 6t ^pctrus at) ©tfcnc D 62 I3ucat iioS ^ascua Witt. 

4 John Darbie made me 1669. 

5 n 81 De n 82 Bvri Q 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi Q 82 

Stefan vs Q' 82 Tonni Q 82 me Q 82 fecit Q 82 

Clock bell U 52. 
4 in 1553. Martin and Davy 5. See pp. 55, 56, 96. 

340. Wi ETF\ ELD S. /o/in Ba/>tisf. 3 Bells. 

1 Anno Domini 1568 I. B. 

2 Mr. John Franclin and Mr. Charles Watson Church- 

wardens 1647. 

3 ij 50 U 86 twice. 

-)- 61 i^uncrc 33aptistf D 62 ^cnctiictus ^tt Cfjorug Igtc. 

Davy, 7 Jan., 1810, gives "Richard" as Mr. Watson's christian name, 

and crosses i and 2. Anno Dni 1547. Metffilde. Certif. of John hybarde 

and Nycholas Gooche C.W. makes r.o mention of bells. 4 and a Sance bell 

in 1553. See p. 59. 

341. METTINGHAM ^// ^a/;//.f. 4 Bells. 

1 17 52 thrice, 
anno tjomtni 1612. 

2 John Stephens fecit 1722. Beniamin Culham Church 


3 No inscription. (A pretty border.) 

4 No inscription. (A rough old bell.) 

So in substance, Davy, Aug. 18, 1814. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 
The compoti of the College founded here by Sir John de Norwich contain 
notices of bells. 



342. M\CKf\ELD S. J/tdre7c>. 3 Bells. 

1 T. Mears of London fecit 18 16. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1626. 

3 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury E. F. F. C. 17 16. 

From Davy, 14 April, 1828. No sale of bells in 1547 certif. 3 in 1553. 

343. MIDDLETON Jlo/y Trimly. 5 Bells. 

1, 3 Pack & Chapman London fecit 1779. 

2, 4 John Darbie made me 1670. 

5 Pack & Chapman London fecit 1779. 
In Wedlock's bands all ye who join 

With hands your hearts unite 
So shall our tuneful tongues combine 

To laud the nuptial rite. 

So Davy, 23 Sept., 1805. 4 in 1553. No sale of bells in 1547 certif. 
Terrier of 1678, no mention. 

)> 1753) "five bells in good tune." 

1820 „ 

344. MILD EN S. Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. Mears, Founder, London, i860. 

" Myldyng... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Noted inaccessible by Davy, Oct. 25, 1836. 

345. MILDENHALL S. Andrew. Tenor in E, c. 18 cwt. 

8 Bells. 
I, 8 Mears and Stainbank, founders, London. 
V. R. 
2 John Darbie made me 1676. IT DP RS RC IW. 

3, 4 Thomas Newman cast me new in 1732, Norwich. 


YovriGmAn g CHAPmAn a pgaghgy. 


6 _|-2i Ij2o + 3Ini*luItts^nni5 3Acfonct®ampana5}of)anni^. 


" Myldenaelye... Great bells iiij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 21 Aug., 1829, notes 6 bells. See pp. 21, 46-50, 83, 124, 137, 138, 

The frame was clearly made for five bells, but the difficulties about the 
tenor, to which reference has been made, which were not solved in 1530, 
seem to have been waiting solution in 1553, when there were only four bells in 
the tower. I regard the old fourth of the six hanging in the tower when I went 
up in 1848, ins'^cribed + 21 U 19 + i^-omrn ii-lagtralrne CTampaiia ©rrit 
iftlflottif, as the treble of these. The present 5th was recast from it. It 
weio-hed 7i cwt. Thus the present 6th would have been the 2nd, a missing 
bellt from which perhaps John Darbie made the treble (with loss of metal) 
in 1676, would have been the 3rd, and the bell from which tlie old tenor 
before i860 was made would have been the 4th. This old tenor weighed 
close on 15 cwt., and was inscribed "Jos. Arthy, Tho. Casburn C. W. 
Tho. Gardiner, Norwich, fecit, 1751-" Whether there ever was before the 
Jubilee a larger bell than this I cannot say. Henry Poulter of Worhngton 


used to quote his father to the effect that the Isleham tenor, see Cavibs., was 
brought from Mildenhall because the tower was not strong enough for it. 
Before i860 there was on the top of the tower a Clock bell, weighing 44 cwt., 
inscribed, "Thomas Newman of Norwich made me, 1744." 

346. MONEWDEN 5. J/^ry. 3 Bells. 

1 De Bvn Santi Edmondi Stefanus Tonni me fecit 1586 

W. L. D 81. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1637. 


O 1592 O TK FB 
So Harvey's ALS , p. 606. iij Nov., 1547. IMoneden. Certif. of John 
Malster and John haryson C.W. makes no mention of bells. 
" Monedele... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 96. 

347. \^0\JL.T OH S. Fcter. Tenor 6 cwt. 5 Bells. 

I, 3 Chapman & Mears of London Fecerunt 1782. 
2 Chapman & Mears of London Fecerunt 1783. 

4 Chapman & Mears of London Fecerunt 1784. 

5 Chapman & Mears of London Fecerunt 1783. 
Messrs. Abr™. Cawston & T. Poole Ch Wardens. 

"Mowton... Great bells iij. Sancts bells J." Return of 1553. 

348. MUTFORD S. Andrew. 3 Bells. 

1 John Brend made mee 1638. 

2 Anno Domini 16 15. W. B. 

3 John Brend made me 1636. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Eastern Coiuitics' Collectanea^ p. 240. Davy records three. 

349. N ACTON 6". Martin. 2 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1625. 

2 John Darbie made me 1662. 

So T. Martin, Sept , 1725, save date of 2, which he gives 1666 or 1660. 
" Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

350. NAUGHTON S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell, n 81 Johannes □ 82 Driver\-s -|- C me fecit 16 18. 
So Davy, 14 Sept., 1827, noting also an " old treble Miles Graye made me 
1672 (?), and an old second, Thomas Andrew me fecit 1522 or 99 (sic)." 
(1599. j. J. R.) " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See pp. 102, 1 10. 

351. nK^\.KH^ S. Stephen. 6 and Clock bell. 

1 W"". Dobson, Downham, Norfolk fecit 18 10. 

2 Henry Pleasant made me 1698. 

3 John Murrell, Will. Infield C.W. I.G. 1733. E.G. 

4 Messrs. Samuel Alston & Isaac Nicholson Church- 

Wardens 1789. W. & T. Mears Late Lester & Pack 
of London fecit. 

5 Miles Graye made me 1636. 

6 James Edbvrie of Bury made my fellowes and mee. 

U 1605 □. Both marks contain curious monograms. 
Clock bell. 1764. 
"Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. Tenor omitted on 
p. 109. Davy, Sept. 30 and Oct., 1828, "Six bells which I did not e.\amine." 


352. NEDGW^G S. Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 D 81 Thomas Q 82 Andrew \J 82 me D 82 fecit D 82 


2 U 8 thrice. 

+ "Dobancs O 16 CTrtSti O 16 C^arc O 16 Bignarc O 16 
^ro O 16 ilobis O 16 ©rare. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See pp. 17, 102. 

353. NEEDH AM MARKET S. fo/in Bapist i Bell. 

Bell. By Private gift 1886. S. Maude M.A. Vicar. 
C. Cooper Churchwarden. 
See Barking. The return for 1553 is for " Nedham in Barkynge." 

354. N ETT LEST E AD S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye made me 1618. 
3 ill 1553- Davy, 18 May, 1829, notes two inaccessible. 

355. NEWBOURNE ^. TJ/^ry. i Bell. 

Bell. Miles Graye 1621 me made. 
C. Carr 1885 me remade. 
Davy. Terrier, 1780, "about six hundred." No sale of bells in 1547 
certif. " Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

356. N EW MARKET S. Mary. 5 and Clock beU. 

I, 4 John Draper made me 16 19. 

2) 3 D 81 De Buri Santi Edmondi Stefanus Tonni me fecit 

W. L. 1580. 
5 The. Gardiner and Tho. Newman Fecit 17 19. W. 

Sandiver W. Headley, C. W. 
Clock Bell, John Thornton Sudbury Fecit 17 18. 

So Davy, 21 Aug., 1828. He notes the tenor as not hung. 
"Eycenyng Halfe Hundred. ..Newmarkett... Great bells iij. Sancts bells 
j." Return of 1553. See pp. 96, in, 138. 

357. NEWTON, OLD, S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

I, 3, 4 John Darbie made me 1663. TH RP 
2 William Dobson Founder 18 10. 

5 John Darbie made me 1663. Thomas Hoggar R. P. 
C. W. 
3 in 1553. Seep. 123. 

358. NEWTON-NEXT-SUDBURY ^// ^-^///^.f. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1872. 

(Royal Arms) Patent. 
5 Miles Graye made me 1664. 

Thomas Dearesle. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, Sept. 13, 1827, " Contains three bells :—i Thomas Kearsle Miles 
Graye made mee 16S5. I. W. 2 Miles Graye made me 1658. 3 Miles 
Graye made me 1685." He is wrong. See p. 133. 

359. NORTOH S. Andre7c>. Tenor c. 13 cwt. 4 Bells. 

1 Illegible, broken. 

2 John Darbie made me 1674. Richard Clarke C. W. 


3 John Draper made me 1628. 

4 John Draper made me 1635. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

T. Martin, 26 May, 1757, "Four bells." Mentioned by mistake on p. 151. 

360. NOWTON S. Peter. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 T. Mears of London fecit 1829. 

6 T. Mears of London fecit 1829. This peal of six bells 

was given by O. R. Okes Esq^ Henry Ja^. Okes 

Esq"". & the ReV*. Auston Okes. 

" Nolton... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

T. Martin, 26 Aug., 1749, notes 4 bells. Davy, Aug. 27, 1829, speaks of 
the present bells as " all cast and hung in the present year, the gift of Mr. 
Oakes. The belfry is locked up." See p. 151. 

361. OAKLEY, GREAT, 5. iVzV/wA7.r. 5 Bells. 

1 John Goldsmith Fecit 171 1 S. Margaret. Mr. L K. C.W. 

2 John Goldsmith Fecit 17 11. 

3 William Dobson, Founder, Downham, Norfolk, 1828. 

4 O 15 Sum O 16 lioga O 16 ^ulgata O 16 iHunDi O t6 

i.^ate^na O 16 SFotata. 

5 John Goldsmith Fecit 1711. Mr. John Kett, Mr. 

Brown Turner Church Wardens. 

3 in 1553. Martin, 5. See pp. 14, 176. 

362. OAKLEY, LITTLE, ^. Pder. 
Ecclesia destnicta. No return in iSS3- 

363. OCCOLD^. Michael. 5 Bells. 

1, 2, 5 John Brend made me 1653. 

3 Charles Newman made mee 1698. 

4 William Dobson, Downham, Norfolk, Founder, 1824. 

4 in 1553. Davy, iS June, 1809, notes the old 4th like i, 2, 5. See p. 136. 

364. OF ETON 6'. Mary. 5 Bells. 

I rhos. Gardiner Sudbury Fecit 1735. 

2, 4 Henry Pleasant made me 1700. 

3 + <5aiuta p i^arta Q (Dca n ^ro D i^obig. 

4 John Darbie made me 1667. 

So Davy, 19 May, 1829. A curious extract from Mr. Parker of Ringshall. 
4 in 1553. See pp. 69, 123, 140, 144. 

365. OHE.WO\}%^ S. John Baptist. 2 Bells. 

1 RnGi673 D 

2 □ 81 1604 James □ 82 Edbery □ 82. 

No return in 1553. Tom Martin, 16 April, 1756, "Good Fryday," notes, 
"Round steeple, two bells." Davy, 13 June, 1827, records the same number, 
inaccessible, or to use his own words, " the way up seemed by no means 
convenient, or perhaps safe." See pp. 109, 132. 

366. OR FORD S. Bartholomezv. 5 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me M 1639. 

2 Henry IJ Pleasant U made XJ me \J 1694. John 

Cragg. W. A. 


3, 4 John Darbie made me 1679. 

5 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1739. J. Harris C. E. 
Ellis C. W. 

So Davy. No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. " Great bells iiij." Return, 
of 1553. See pp. 118, 124, 140, 145. 

367. OTTLEY S. Mary. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Son, London, 1878. 

Henry & Catherine Woolner gave me August 8th, 1877. 

H. Wilkinson, M.A., Rector. 

G. F. W. Meadows ) Church 

T. King J Wardens, 

2 R. Phelps made me 172S. Mr. Bartholomew Russell 


3 17 65 thrice. 

-|- <Sancta Q l^atcnna D Ora Q i^ro D ilobig. 

4 U 50 thrice. 

-\- |[)ac I-n G^onclafac n 62 Gabriel Jiuc |3angc 5ua&f- 

5 TJ 50 thrice. 

4- iiosi "STbome i'Hcdtts Q 62 plcrcamur Gautiia Hwtii. 

6 De Buri Santi Edmondi Stefanus Tonni me Fecit W. L. 

Davy. Terrier, 1794, 5. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 
53, 55. 67, 96. 

368. OU LT O N S. ML/uie/. 5 Bells. 

1 Edw. Tooke made me 1676. 

2 Edw. Tooke made me 1677. 
3, 4 U 50 U 86 AB 

^nno Somini 16 18. 
5 U 50 U 86 AB 
©mnig ^onug HauDet SBominum 161S G ZB, Z ^ 
" Great Bells iij." Return of 1553, See pp. 114, 132. 

369. OUSDEN^-. Fefer. 5 Bells. 

1 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1758. T. M. c^ J?. B. 

6 = 1=0. 

2 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1758. T. M. d- R. B. 

7 = = 20. 

3 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1758. T. M. &• R. B. 

8 = 1 = 12. 

4 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1758. T. M. &" R. B. 

10 = 2 = 26. 

5 Lester & Pack of London Fecit 1758. This peal of bells 

was the gift of Tho'. Moseley Esq"" 6- The Rev. R. 
Bet hell., .._ 14=1 = 10. 
" Great bells lij." Return of 1553. See p. 149- 

370. PAKE FIELD All Saint atid S. Margaret. 4 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner Norwich fecit 1749. 

2 AB U 86 U 50. 


5ccunl)us ^^crgrntus 1618. 

3 ^nno Bomini 162 1. 

4 Thomas Newman at Norwich made me 1728. 

Davy records live. No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. " Great bells iij." 
Return of 1553. See pp. 114, 137, 145. 

371. PAKENHAM ^. Afary. 5 Bells. 

1 Mears & Stainbank, founders, London. C. W. Jones 

Vicar, G. W. Mathew T. Thornhill Jun. Church- 
wardens 1872. 

2 John Draper made me 1626. 

3 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1760. 

4 G. Mears & Co., Founders, London, 1862. 

Good Will to Man. 
C. W. Jones Vicar, Rob'. Stedman G. W. Mathew 

5 G. Mears & Co., Founders, London, 1862. 

Glory to God. 
C. W. Jones Vicar, Rob'. Stedman G. W. Mathew 
No notes by Davy. See p. 112. 

372. PALGRAW E S. jR^^er. 6 Bells. 

I Gloria Deo in excellsis (sic) W. Plampin Gen'. 1737. 
2> 3) 4, 5 Gloria Deo in Excelsis W. Plampin Gen'. 1737. 

6 I tell all that doth me se 

that Newman of Norwich new cast me 1737. 

So Davy, 4 June, 1810. 3 in 1553. Sperling (c. i860), "Tenor 04." 
See p. 123. 

373. PARHAM S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 □ ueni : sponsA ; mcA i ad : oi^Tum : 


2 nASSUmPTA ; GST : mAP^IA \ in : CGLUm. 

3 W. I. B. Anno Domini 1623. 

So Davy. No sale of bells in certif. of Nov., 1547. "Great bells iij." 
Return of 1553. See Cant. v. i, vulg. 

374. PEASENHALL ^. /l//^/;^^/. 5 Bells. 

I, 4 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London, 1876. 

2 Henry Pleasant made me 1691. 

3 U 51 thrice. 

-\- 61 ©ucsumus '3[ni)rea □ 62 ipamulorum ^uscipc Uota. 
5 U 9 thrice. 

-f- 13 Sum 2A0'"a i,9ulf$ata iiTunDi IXatcrina ^ocata. 
4 and a Sance bell in 1553. Davy, June 11, 1806, calls 3 "4," notes a 
li^ac En Conrlabc... for 3, old treble and present 2nd, " Henry Pleasant made 
me 1694." al. sim. W's from Terrier. 

No sale of bells m certif. of Nov., 1547. See pp. 17, 56, 140. 

375. PETISTREE SS. Peter and Paul. 6 Bells. 

1 John Taylor &: Sons, Founders, Loughb°, 1848. 

2 One bell recast unto three at the expense of Richard 

Brook Esq>- of Petistree Lodge A.D. 1848. Jo. 
Taylor & Son fecit. 


3 John Taylor & Son, Founders, Loughborough, A.D. 1848. 

4 U 8 thrice. 

4-12 &tnm% annig Idefonct Campana 3)oDannig. 

5 TJ 8 thrice. 

-j- 12 ittc CFlamante lijtiu i^ancat 93ctljlccm 5inc Hsin. 

6 y 8 thrice. 

+ 61 3)ungcte f^os .\*po D 62 ^^tulicat ilic^olaus In ^Ito. 

Pytestre. Certif. of 1547 records no sale of bells. " Petystre. Great 
bells iiij.'' Return of 1553. 

At Davy's visit (6 June, 1806), the inscription on the old tenor, no doubt a 
grand bell, was" De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1576." 
.See pp. 17, 58. 

376. PETTAUGH S. Catherine. i Bell. 

Bell. U 51 thrice. 

-[- 61 C^ucfumus antirea Q 62 JPamuIorum Sufctpe ITota. 

" Pettawe, iii Nov., 1547. The certyficate of Thomas ISIallyng and tlraunces 

pyrson Cherchewardens th(ere) ffyrst we pi'sent that Robert orvvell and Lacy 

Lord that tyme beyng Cherchewardens hathe sold a peyer of Shalys pf'ce-xls. 

We did bestowyd vpon the cherche in ladyng the seid xls. And yt remayn 
styll a peyer of Shalys and iiij bells. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

There were three bells at Davy's visit. That which remains seems to 
have been the tenor. The others were inscribed, John Darbie made me 1662, 
and Jtttssus Vcro y^iz (Satricl jftrt ILeta fflane. See pp. 53, 57. 

377. PLAYFORD ^. Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 U 50 thrice. 

+ 61 ^ac Jin Conclabc Q 62 (gabricl iluc ^angc ^uabt. 

2 ij 50 thrice 

-f- 61 2)wnSf« J2ojj ^To n 62 5tut)cat iltcI;olau£{ In aito 

Terrier, 1784. "Three bells, two of them by Computation about 18 cwt. 
The third on the ground, having been broken time out of mind, by compu- 
tation about 12 cwt." 

Terrier, 1801. "Two bells, by computation about 18 cwt." 
Certif. of 1547 imperfect, but apparently no mention of sale of bells. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See pp. 53, 58. 

378. POLSTEAD 6". J/«r>'. Tenor, c. 10 cwt. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 T. Mears of London fecit 1825. 
6 T. Mears of London fecit 1825. 
Rev"!. John Whitmore, Rector. 

JohnCorder \ churchwardens. 
Isaac Strutt j 

" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. No date to any visit 
by Davy. Formerly 5 heavier bells. Present tenor 12 cwt. A tuneful ring. 

379. POSLINGFORD S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 Robard Gurney made me 1668. 

4 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 1725. 

5 Peter Hawkes-made me 161 3. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 109, 132, 144. 

380. PRESTON S. Mary. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1744. 



3 Tho. Norden Roger C. \V. Tho. G. fecit 1744. 

4 Miles Graye me fecit 1640. 

5 Henry Pleasant made me 1702. 

6 Henry Pleasant made me 1704. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, Au?. 15, 1826, puts 3 for i- 
al. sim. See pp. 119, 140. The surname to Roger is Coe, as it appears 
from the parish book (1743), when a cracked treble and a sound tenor were 
ordered to be cast into three small bells, at a cost not e.xceeding £"]. 

381. RAMSHOLT^// Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1679. 

" Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

"The steeple is round and has but one bell." May, 1726, T. Martin Q) 
In 1747 the top of the steeple was blown down, and now the tower has no 
roof, and is much dilapidated. See p. 124. 

382. RATTLES DEN S. Nicholas. 5 Bells. 

1, 2 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1754. 

3 Robart Bumstead John Drake Church Wardens 1754. 

4 Tho. Gardiner he did us cast 

Wee will sound his praise to the last. 

5 Henry Westley John Jewers Churchwardens. T. Osborn 

fecit 1789. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy notes i, 3 as i, 2, 2 as 5, 4 as 3, and 5 as 3. See p. 145. 

383. RAYDON.S'. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 18 — . 

3 in 1553. Davy records the inscription on the old bell, Sauctc Barnabc 
(sic) ©ra ^3ro i^obts. 

384. REDE All Saints. 3 Bells. 

1 n 81 De n 82 Bvri Q 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi D 82 

Stefanvs D 82 Tonni Q 82 me D 82 fecit Q 82 
W L D 82 1578. 

2 n 81 De n 82 Bvri D 82 Santi D 82 Edmondi D 82 

Stefanvs D 82 Tonni Q 82 me D 82 fecit Q 82 
W L D 81 1586. 

3 John n 81 Dry Q 82 Ver D 81 me fe cet D 81 1602. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Tom Martin, March 12, 1724, says, "Steeple above half down, 3 bells." 
Davy, by mistake, Aug. 25, 1831, speaks of 2 bells. See pp. 96, 109. 

385. REDGRAVE 6". J/^o'- 6 Bells. 

I T. Osborn fecit 1785. 

2, 3, 4, 5 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1736, 

6 John Munns & John Goldsmith C. W. Thomas New- 

man of Norwich made me 1736. 

3 in 1553. T. Martin notes. In Sept., 1736, the five bells were taken out 
of Redgrave steeple, in order to be new (run or) cast. The tenor had a piece 
broken out of the top of it. and this circumscription: Chas. Newman made 
me 1691. Goldsmith Ch W. On the other 4: Chas. Newman made mee 
1691, in capitals. Sperling (i860) says, "Tenor G|:, 9 cwt." See pp. 138, 



386. REDISHAM, GREAT, 6". Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

Suckling notes a split bell dated 1621. " The steeple has been long down. 
But one bell hangs at the west end, in a frame on the ground. It bears 
inscription, Anno Domini 1621." Davy, June 2, 1808 (.^) 

" Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 

387. REDISHAM, LITTLE, S.James. 
Ecdesia destrticta. No return in 1553. 

388. REDLINGFIELD S. Andrew. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

3 in I553-. So Dav>% 5 Dec, 1817. 

Martin (without date) notes three modern bells hanging in a wooden frame. 

389. RENDHAM^. Michael. 5 Bells. 

1 T. Mears of London fecit 1831. 

2 Inscription entirely covered with an iron band. Date of 

stock 1794. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-|- IJirgo D Coronata D 33uc Q l^og D ^IJ D I'^cgna 

4 N. S. T. H. E. L 
Anno Domini 1622. WIB. 

5 Thomas Mears of London fecit 1S02. 

Davy gives the 2nd"Edmond Palmer, John Blinco Churchwardens. R. 
Phelps fecit, 1729." 

Jonathan Grimwood of Rendham went up to see the tenor cast, and flung 
seven half-crowns into the metal, to which some are said to attribute the 
good tone of the bell. Tenor c. 13 cwt. 

"for y^ ornaments and ye Bells we haue solde non as we wull answere." 
Certif. of Rob. Thurston and Edm. ffeavyear. C.W. 1547. ''Great bells 
iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 69, 91, 114. 

390. RENDLESHAM 6-. 6^;r-^0'- 3 Bells. 

1 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 17 14. 

2 Thomas Gardiner made me 17 13. 

3 JVIiles Graye made me 1630. 

Pits for five. The usual coins and marks on i and 2. Bells in <Z\, C, 
and B, with diameters 27^ in., 29^ in., and 31! in. Certif. of 1547 records 
no sale of bells. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 143. 

391. REYDON S. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. \J 50 thrice. 

+ 61 ?i?ac En ©onclabc D 62 ffiabricl ^unc ^angc ^uabe. 
3 in 1553. "formerly 4 if not 5," Davy, Aug. 19, 1814. See p. 53. 

392. RICKINGHALL INFERIOR ^. ^^'7- 3 Bells. 

1 -j- SCG : JAGOBG : IHTGI^CeDG : PI\0 : mG 

2 I. D. 1630. 

3 No inscription. 

" Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553- 
Davy, 6 Jan., 1810, " 3 bells." See pp. 62, 1 1 2. 


393. RICKINGHALL SUPERIOR 6. ^/^/rv. 6 Bells. 

I Jonathan Steggal George Porter C. Wardens. In a scroll 
'• I. ^aglor anil Son iFountcrs 2.ougf}boroual)" 1850. 

2, 3> 4, 5 John Goldsmith fecit 17 12. 

6 Mr. George Elmy & Mr. Henry Freeman C. W. 1741. 
Tho. Newman made me. 
4 in 1553. See pp. 138, 146. 

394. RINGSFIELD^// Saifds. 2 Bells. 

1 John Stephens made mee 1726. 

2 IJ 50 thrice. 

Donvm Clem. Gooch et Rob. Shelford 16 10. 
"Great bells ij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. Pits for four. 
Davy notes 3, June 2, 180S. See pp. 113, 139. 

395. RINGSHALL S. Catherine. 2 Bells. 

1 R. Phelps Londini fecit 1737. 

2 + 24 IJ 23 -)- 43 Stancta i^atcrina ©ta ^ro ^obtS. 

3 in 1553. So Mr. Parker, who does not condescend to note i. See pp. 
23, 148. 

396. RISBY 6". (?//^j. 3 Bells. 

1 U 51 thrice. 

4- 61 IrTtrginls Isgrcgic n 62 2Focor C^ampana iHaric. 

2 JOHD DI^APG1\ mADG ffiG 16IC. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-[- 67 iHcrhls n 68 IcHmunti D 68 ^imus D 68 ^ Q 
CTriminc □ 68 i*luntii. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. " 3 bells," Davy. See pp. 54,69, iii. 

397. RISHANGLES S. Margaret. 3 Bells. 

1 U 52 thrice. 

+ i^fc dFtt 5cotum n 62 ©ampa Saulie 33onoruni 

2 y 51 thrice. 

4- 61 CFcIcstt iW;anna D 62 IZTua ^rolcS Jiog ©tbct Slnna. 

3 ij 51 thrice. 

-|- 61 itTcvitig lilimunlit Q 62 ^imu3 ^ Criminc iHunDi. 
3 in 1553. So Davy with involuntary variations from Martin. 4 Dec, 
1817. See pp. 54, 58. 

398. ROUGH AM S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1661. William Maning C.W. 

2 John Darbie made me 1661. 

3 U 9 thrice. 

-j- 13 <$um ilofa ^iilsata iWunlil i^aria Uocata. 

4 John Darbie made me 1678. 

5 John Martin Church Warden. Tho^ Osborn fecit 1790. 

Vcnite Exultemus. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1 553. 
Davy notes five bells, but no inscriptions. 

399. RUMBURGH S. Michael. 5 Bells. 

I, 4 ^nno Somini 1624 WIB. 

2 1^ 5 1: St €i)uicf)barCfnf. ^nno i3omim 1624 WIB. 


3 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1728. 

5 The Rev"*^. Lombe Althills (sic) Perp. Curate. John 
Briant Hertford fecit 1823. C. Reynolds. 
3 and a Sance bell in 1553. " Old treble T. B. 1660." Davy, 16 May, 1806, 
See pp. 7, 114. 

400. RUSH BROOKE ^. A7^//^A?^. 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1733. 

2 □ 81 Andrew Gvrny made me 1636. 

3 Thomas Newman made mee 1 7 1 1 . 

"Square steeple, 3 bells, and Dr. Needen says, modern ones." Davy, 
See p. 1 12. 

401 . R U S H M E R E 6*. Andrew. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 John Darbie made me 1675. 

3 U 26 -}- 22 U 25 .^anctc 913otolfe ©ra ^ro i^obig. 

4 U 26 -j- 22 IJ 25 1^o)f Slugufitnt Sonet In "Slutc IDct. 

5 U26-I-22IJ25 Sancta Ciatanna ©la ^ro iiobig. 

6 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London, 1885. 

Ad gloriam Dei et in memoriam Sancti Andreae, Apostoli 
et Martyns, dedicata. Gulielmus Wigston, Vicarius, 
Alfredus Meller, Gulielmus Dawson, Sacrorum 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 4 Aug., 1810. 

402. RUSHMERE 6*. J//^//a^/. 2 Bells. 

1 IJ 52 thrice. 

In ITilct anl) In too SautJcs Bco. 

2 17 64 thrice. 

-|- : SCA : BAI^BAI^A : PP^O : mG : DGVm : 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 59. 

403. SANTON DOWNHAM S.Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Robard Gvrney made me 1663. 
•' Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 24 Aug., 1829, notes one bell. See p. 132. 

404. SA PISTON S. Andrew. 4 Bells. 

1 John Draper made me 1628. The gift of Thomas 


2 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1730. 

3 'STljomas 33tapcr 1591. 
4^51 thrice. 

-\- 61 ilos ^Dome iWlcritb D 62 iWcteamur (Sautifa 2luctg. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 25 July, 1832, "four bells." 
See pp. 56, 100, 112, 137. 

405. SAX HAM, GREAT, S. Andrew. 3 Bells. 

1 T. Osborn 1787. 

2 T. Osborn fecit 1787. 

3 Thomas Mears of London, founder, 1836. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. The old tenor was inscribed, " Fred. 
Evered, Ch. Warden, 1787." Davy, Aug. 19, 1828. 


406. S AX\^ AM, UTTLE, S.JVic/io/as. 3 Bells. 

1 U 51 thrice. 

-j- 61 abc iHana Gratia ^9lcna Q 62 IDominud 'Cecum. 

2 51 thrice. 

-)- 61 iHtffus Sc ®cli5 n 63 ?i)alico iiomcn ffialiticli«{. 

3 Thomas Cheese made me 1603. SB 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy transposes i and 2, and omits 
S. B. on the tenor. See pp. 52, 53, 109. 

407. SAXMUNDHAfA S. /':}/m Ba/>ti^. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London. Presented by 

Mrs. Ann Crampin. Hung by G. Day & Son, 
Eye, 1880. 

2 Anno Domini 1609. W. B. 

3 : -|- • santta : mavgarcta : ora : pro nobi^. 

4 -}- O ^anctc jacobc ©ra ^10 ii obis. 

5 D 34,' D 35, D 32, D 33- 

-f- O ^ancta jWargarcta ©ra ^|.Uo iiobts. 

6 1762. Lester & Pack of London fecit. _/«». £ade &= 

Ja^. Last Ch. Wardens. 

Davy gives 1602 as the date of the 2nd. 

" Great bells V. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. See pp 35, 113. 

408. SAXSTEAD All Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1678. 

3 in 1553. Martin, 15 June, 1735, notes 3. No notes in Davy. Hawes 
and Loder, p. 324, give a 2nd, "Anno L P. I. A. 1589, and a 3rd, 
Vtrgtnts IHgregie "Focor Campaiia Jltartf." See p. 124. 

409. SEMER All Saints. 3 Bells. 

1 n 81 Thomas □ 82 Cheese me fecit 162 1. 

2 17 52 thrice. 

-j- 61 .iiticritis ictimunt)t Q 62 <Simu<s % ©riminc iHunti. 

3 D 81 Johannes D 82 Me fecit TC Me fecit 16 18. 

So Davy, 26 Oct., 1S26. "Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See pp. 
58, no. 

410. SHADm(^?\ELD S. Jo/in Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell. James □ 81 Edbere □ 82 1608 (arabesque). 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. "i Beil," Davy, 2 June, iSoS. See 
p. 109. . 

411. SHELLAND. i Bell. 

Bell. H. P. ) ,-,,,,, 

,,. - cut in the shoulder. 

W. zZi ) 

□ 81 Thomas □ 82 Cheese me fecit 1624. 
Davy, June 13, 1827, notes one in a cupola, inaccessible. 4 in 1553. 

412. SHELLEY All Saints. Tenor. Diam. 39 in. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1663. 
Samvell Kerridge Esqvire gave me. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1629. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

-j- sancta O ana (sic) O ora O pro O nobis 


4 U 65 thrice. 

-(- sancta : maria : ora : pro : nobisJ. 

5 John Hodson made me 1662. This bell was given by 

Samvell Kerredge Esqvier W. H. C (W ?) 
DUO (the first a fleur-de-lis, the last a medalhon, 
probably intended for Charles II.) 

3 ii^ 1553- Davy transposes 4 and 5. See pp. 69, 118, 123, 132, These 
are never rung. They have a wondrous system of " clocking." 

41 3. SHIMPLING^. George. 5 Bells. 

1, 4 Thomas Newman made me 1735. 

2, 3 Thomas Newman of Norwich made me 1735. 
5 Thomas Mears, London, 1843. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, " Four bells 1734, five bells 1831." See p. 138. 

414. SHIPMEADOW ^. ^^r/Z/^/^w^. i Bell. 

Bell. John Brend made me 1640. 
"Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. "Only one bell," 
notes, 6 June, 1769, in Davy's MS.S. Seep 115. 

415. SHOTLEY 5. J/a/7. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1686. W. D. R. F. S'. 
Henry Felton : Baronett U (Fclton). 
So Davy, 1S23. But under " MS. notes by Sir J. Blois, p. 180," there is 
" Ric. Bowler on the bells." 4 in 1553. See p. 125. 

416. SHOTTISHAM S. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. X) 65 thrice. 

+ 67 ^.nncta Q iHana D ©ra [J ^ro D iiobts. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. "One bell," Davy, 12 Oct., 1818. 
See p. 69. 

417. ^X^lOW S. Peter. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Mears, founder, London, 1848. 

2 John Darbie made me 1670. 

3 1^ 9 thrice. 

-j- 3rn itlultis ^nntS Bcfonct Campana 3)ol)anni3. 

4 ij 52 thrice. 

4- 61 ^ctnis au ictctnc D 62 Ducat iScs ^ascua Fitc. 

5 Henry Pleasant made me 1694. Edmund Rickit 

Dec. 6, 1805, Daw notes the old treble, " John Darbie made me 1681. 
W. R." Dec. 1805, dates the 2r.d 1673, and gives iilrnits on the 3rd for 
3En J^ulttB. No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547- 4 in I553- See 
pp. 17, 56, 123, 140. 

418. SIZEWELL ^. NicJwlas. 
Ecclesia destnicta. No return in 1553- 

419. ^H^?^ S. John Baptist. 3 Bells. 

1 John Wehincopp. 1674. 

2 N. H. O. I. 476 W C. P. O. C. N. I. H. I. W. 

3 Tho. Gardiner fecit. 1713. R. H. I. K. 

From Davy, June 12, 1806. No sale of bells in certif. of 1547- " Great 
bells iij." Return of 1553. The date of 2 is probably 1576. 


420. SOHAM, EARL, S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 Miles Graie made me 1610. 

2 17 50 thrice. 

4- 61 (Elucfumus anDrcn [J 62 .-fFamulorum Sufctpc Uota. 

3 John Darbie made me 1663. R. D. H. B. W. S. 

4 U 50 thrice. 

4- 61 ^^ctnis ^D lEtcrnc D 62 Ducat ilo« iNscua WiU. 

5 John Darbie made me 1663 R D H B W S. 

Hawes crosses i and 3, and gives a wrong date for 5. The old windlass 

On the buttresses of the tower is the following hexametrical quatrain, in 
stone and cut flint : — 

ISanlpJus (JTobptt 60a marta cotuitt isti 
lEccUe eacte cui prcett gracia crtslt 

Campailis tin' l^omas (PJioa futt autor 
i^ui' et siiuul optimus auiiliator. 

I regret to leave a word unread. 

The wills of Radulph Cubytt of Norwich, and Thomas Edwarde of 
Congham, in the first half of the reign of Henry VIII., have reference to 
Earl Soham, and they seem to be the persons indicated in the inscription. 

No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. " Some comits Great bells iiij." Re- 
turn of 1553. See pp. 56, 57, 117, 123. 

421. SOHAM, MONK, 5. P^/m Tenor G. Diam. 40I in. 

5 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1631. 

2 Post nullas renovata sodales. Reverendus Vir Gulielmus 

Ray A.M. Rector. Thomas Martin & Laurentius 
Spinny Ecclesie Guardiani. R. Phelps London 
fecit 1734. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-j- 61 Bnldi Jitsto illdis D 62 ©ampa 2Focor iWidjacUg. 

4 51 thrice. 

4- 61 ^^ctrus 51D Ictcrnc D 62 iDucat iiog ^3ascua 5^ttc. 

5 John Darbie made me 1661. John Aldrich Robart 


So Davy, 30 April, 1828. 4 in 1553. 

No bells in 1547 certif. mentioned as sold. See pp. 55, 56, 118, 122, 148. 

422. SOMERLEYTON 6'. J/;?o'. Tenor G. 6 Bells. 

1 J. Taylor & Co., Founders, 1872. 

2 S--. Richard Allen Baronet 1700 I B O 88 

3 D 47 ^YG □ 48 uii\GO □ 48 uii\Gmum □ 48 

mATGI\ □ 48 IHU □ 48 XPl. 

4 U 51 thrice. 

-|- 61 SJirginb Ctgrcgic D 62 ilFococ ©ampana 0(atie. 

5 U 51 thrice. 

-j- 61 ^HC In Conclafac \J 62 (i^abricl iiunc ^aangc 5uabc. 

6 William Ayton C.W. Thomas Newman made me 1706. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Re-opened Oct. 7, 1872. See pp. 

41, S3. 54, 147- 


423. SOMERSh\ AM S. Mary. 2 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1662. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1626. 

3 in 1553. Davy, 18 May, 1829, notes an old treble like the present 2nd. 
See pp. 118, 123. 

A24. SOMERTON S ATargaret. 4 Bells. 

I De Bvri Santi Edmondi. Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 

W. L. 1578. 
2, 3 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1573. 
4 Miles Graye made me 168 1. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, March 23rd, 1814, calls i, 2; and 2, i ; 3, 4; and 4, 3." See pp. 
96, 134. 

425. SOTHERTON ^. y!?;/^m^'. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Mears, Founder, London, 1842. T. F. 
So Davy, June i, 1808. Terrier rendered 24 June, 1794, " One small bell 
with the frame, weighing about J cwt." 

Certif. of iiij Nov., 1547, by Thomas Davy and John Noone. 

" ItiTi for a broken hande bell ... ... viiji^." 

No bell returned in 1553. 

426. SOTTERLEY ^. Margaret. 2 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner fecit 17 17. 

2 : + : SAHGTA : mAI\GAI\eTA : 0\K : PI\0 


So Davy, i June, 1808. No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. "Great bells 
iij." Return of 1553. See p. 62. 

427. SOUTHOLT S. Margaret. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1677. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 3 May, 1837, "One small bell." See p. 124. 

428. SOUTHTOWN S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. 1 83 1 (the year of Consecration). 

429. SOUTH WOLD S. Edmund. 8 and old Clock bell. 

I, 2 No inscription. 

3 William Dobson Downham Norfolk fecit 1820. 
4, 5 John Darbie made me 1668. 

R. I. T. S. Chvrch Wardens. T. P. T. N. Baylifes. 

6 \\\ SJcgltlj U 52 anS lin 2^0 SauDcg ISco. 

7 IJ 50 thrice. 

-|- 61 ^ubbcniat Dtgna Q 62 Qonatibus ?i?anc Ivatcrina. 

8 Hon^i"=. & Revd. A. Rous, Vicar, J. Sutherland, P. 

Edwards, Bailiffs, E. Freeman Ch. Warden, 1828. 
Bell attached to old "Jack o' th' Clock." No inscription. 

5 and a Sance bell m 1553. i and 2 cast not many years ago by Moore, 
Holmes and Mackenzie. See extract from Gardiner's MS. 6 and another 
bought from South Elmham All Saints. See No. 168, p. 186. 

Davy, 12 Aug., 1806. " 5 bells hung, and one standmg on the ground," on 
which he did not note the inscPfi. Old Tenor En ftlulttS... 

"A htill syluyr belle" was sold in 1547 by Thomas Jentylman and 
Willam Wright, C. W. 



The treble, from which the present 3rd was cast, was of the same make 
as the present 4th and sth, and that which occupied the place of the present 
6th, according to Davy, bore no inscription. Gardiner notes Katherme and 
John as the Christian names of K. Tylls (1470) and Joh. Cawnteler (1471) 
who left 5 marks each "ad facturam unius Campanae." 

T. P. T. N. are apparently the initials of Thomas Postle and Thomas 
Nunn, Bailiffs in 1671 and 1662 respectively. Those of 1667 and 166S bore 
other initials. Tokens of Postle's are mentioned in Golding, p. 67. See pp. 
57, 59, 123, 154. 

430. SPEXHALL S. Peter. i Bell. 

XJ 52 thrice. 

-j- 61 33ulcts ^tsto iiTclis Q 62 CTampa Jl^otor iWicljtS. 
3 in 1553. Davy, June 3rd, 1808. "3 bells formerly hung in a shed in 
the yard, but in 1771 a faculty was obtained to sell 2 of them to repair the 
church. The other hangs in a cupola at the west end of the nave." 

Terrier rendered June, 1791. "Also one Bell hanging in a new erected 
Cupola." See p. 55. 

431. SPROUGHTON All Saints. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 4 John Darbie made me 1658. 
3 Thomas Mears of London fecit 18 13. 

5 O 




So Davy, who merely notes the tenor blank. 

No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. See pp. 80, 122. 

432. STANNINGFIELD ^. iV^/^/w/aj. 3 Bells. 

1 Robard .., Gvrney ... made ^> me 1664. 

2 IJ 51 thrice. 

+ 61 abe. (Eracta ^^leiia n 62 IBomtuusi 'STtcum. 

3 D 81 De n 82 Bvri Q 82 Santi n 82 Edmondi D 82 

Stefanvs D 82 Tonni Q 82 me D 82 fecit D 82 
n8i 1567. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. So Davy, with slight variations. See 
pp. 52, 96, 192. 

433. STAN SFI ELD ^// ^^z>^/i-. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 Miles Graye made me 1652. 
" Great bells iij," Return of 1553. See p. 121. 

434. STAN STEAD 5. y;?;;/^^. 6 Bells. 

I, 2 T. Mears of London fecit 1830. 
3, 4" Miles Graye made me 1662. 

5 n 74 -Sancta Q 75 ttimtaai D 76 unusi D 75 ^f«^ D 76 
miiScrcrc D 75 nobis. 


"^^ gtepbene tonne mc fecit. 

6 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1775. 
"Great bellys iij." Return of 1553. Davy, Aug. 18, 1831, "Six bells." 
See pp. 79, 133. 


435. STANTON ^// Sain fs. Tenor G. Diam. 39.^ in. 4 Bells. 

1 U 65 thrice. 

-\- : iSflnrta : mana : ora : pro : nolus, 

2 TJ 65 thrice. 

-j- 67 © martic D 68 33arbara D 68 ^vomc Q 68 iBcum 
D 68 Izxoxa D 68. 

3 U 65 thrice. 

4- 67 ©0tt)uS n 68 €di D 68 :^ac Q 68 JSarbara Q 68 
©rcmtna (sic) □ 68 ©cU. 

4 n 81 Anno D 82 : n 82 Regni Q 82 Reginae-Elizabeth 

n 82 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me 
fecit n 81 Anno Q 82 Domini □ 82 1560. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 5 Jan., 1810, notes the niscription on treble defaced. See pp. 69, 

436. STANTON S. /o/in BaJ>tisf. Tenor G. Diam. 37 in. 

4 Bells. 
I, 2 John Darbie made me 1680. 

3 No inscription. 

4 John Darbie made me 1680. I W S B CWs. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 5 Jan., iSio, as this. See p. 

437. ST ERNF\ ELD S. Afary Magdalene. 4 Bells. 

1 John Brend made me 1659. 

2 John Darbie made me 1681. I. B, 

3 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 17 16. 

4 De Bvri Santi Edmondi. Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1573. 
" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. From Davy, June 12, i8c6. 

438. STOKE ASH A// Sai;/fs. 4 Bells. 

1 William Dobson, founder, Downham, Norfolk. 

2 No inscription. 

3 TJ 65 thrice. 

-\- ^aiicta n ^ttna D ©ra D i^ro D i^obis. 

4 -|- *CrcDo n Jfn 13cum ©mtti □ potcntcm. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 23 April, 1819, notes the treble as AYG flQAI^IA 
GI\ACIA PDGDA, the third Sanrta iJHaria €>ra ?3ro Nobts. 

These two dedications had been recorded by T. Martin, c. 17 19. See p. 69. 

439. STOKE-BY-CLARE S. Michael. 6 and Clock bell. 

I, 3 T. Osborn fecit 1786. Cum voco venite. 
2 T. Osborn Downham Norfolk fecit 1786. 
4 Mors vincet omnia. T. Osborn fecit 1786. 
5, 6 Joseph Harrison Daniel Pannell Churchwardens. 
Tho^ Osborn founder Downham Norfolk 1786. 
Clock bell + 77 furgc \ mane \ farbirc ; Deo. 
"Great bells v." Return of 1553. Sec p. 79. 

440. STOKE-BY-NAYLAND .9. J/.?9'. 6 and Clock bell. 

1 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1725. 

2 John . Hollon . Samuel . Bigsbe . C.Ws. 1725. 


3 + 89 In i^tlultis Slnnis lilcfonct CTampana 3)o|^anmg + 

O %ci\)^$ froft alias tI)orn 

4 _|_ oi\A : menTG ; pia ; pp^o : pobis ; 

Yii\Go i mAP^iA ; AmGP -. 

5 Joseph Holies . 1699. Thomas Williams . 1699. H. 

Pleasant made me. 

6 Reverend Joshua Rowley Minister Henry Cook Ed. 

Cook Churchwardens 181 1. Thomas Mears. 
Clock bell. No inscription, apparently. 

"Great bells v." Return of 1553. Davy, Sept. 29 and 30, 1828. "12 
bells which I omitted to visit." This is remarkable. J. J. R. 

The capital lettering on the fourth is unknown to me ; but the initial cross 
looks like an enlargement of No. 47. 

After the dissertation was printed, my friend, Mr. Justice Clarence, of 
Colombo, Ceylon, went to see Giffard Hall, in this parish, formerly the resi- 
dence of the Mannock family. Here over the gateway he found a small 
bell, scarce 18 in. high, bearing a coin or two, and the inscription, SaitclE 
iijugo ©ra l3ro jgobis. There were no marks, but the lettering is Culverden's, 
see pp. 37, etc. It is remarkable that his Lincolnshire proclivities show 
themselves here in a dedication to the well-known Bishop of Lincoln. 

441. STONHAM ASPALL ^. Z^z/^^^r/. Tenor E. 24 cwt. 

ID Bells. 
I, 2, 4 T. Mears of London fecit 1826. 
3 T. Mears of London fecit 1826. Dan^ Wade aged 80 
years. W"^. Last, Two of the Parish Ringers. 

5 Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1770. 
W™. Banyard & Sam'. Davie Ch: Wardens. 

6 T. Mears of London fecit 1826. 
Job Roper John Blomfield. 

7 T. Mears of London fecit 1826. 

ReV^. Tho'. Methold Rector. W^. Taylor & Saml. Ford 

8 Thomas Lester made me 1746. 

9 In this tower hung 5 bells the tenor weighing 10 hun: 

2 qrs. o lb. In the year 1742 they were taken 
down & with y« addition of 3 tons 10 hun: of mettle 
were recast into ten att ye expence of Theodore 
Ecclestone Esq""^ of. Crowfield Hall, aged 27 years. 
He gave also a new frame att y^ same time, 1742. 
Tho^ Lester made us all. 
10 Theodore Eccleston Esq"", gave me 1742. Thomas 
Lester of London made me 1745. John Williams 
hanged me. The end crowns the work. 
So Davy, 12 May, 1824. 
I, 2 Theodore Ecclestone Esq. 1742. 
3 Tho. Lester of London made me. 
At proper times my voice I'll raise 
Unto my Benefactor's praise. 
Theodore Ecclestone Esq"". 1712. 
No mention of bells in certif. of iij Nov., 1547. 4 in 1553. See p. 149. 


442. ST ON HAM EARL S. Afary. Tenor Gf. Diam. 38 in. 

5 Bells. 

1 Henry Pleasant made me 1706. 

2 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1727. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-f- 61 €lucrumus ^ntirca D 62 ^Ipamulocum ^ufcipe "Foia. 

4 ij 50 thrice. 

-[- 61 2^trgini= CFgwgic n 62 ©ocor Campa i^Xam. 

5 Candler Bird Ch: Warden. T. Osborn Downham fecit 

1 781. Percute dulce cano. 
So Davy imperfectly, 28 March, 181 1. 4 in 1553. Seepp. 54, 57, 140, 144. 

443. STONHAM, LITTLE, 6". Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 T. Mears of London fecit 18 17. 

2 T. Mears of London fecit 18 16. 

3 Miles Graye made me 16 17 V. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

-f- SUirgo ®orna I3uc iio» ^D iXcgua. 

5 R. Phelps fecit 1729. 
4 m 1553. T. Martin notes 5 bells. 

3 Siancta Iflarta ora pro nobis. 

4 Vix^o (fforonata iJuc nos ail rec^na bcata. 

5 ^ancta ISatcrtna ora pro nobis. 

Davy, 26 Oct., 1829, notes 5 inaccessible. See pp. 67, 117. 

444. STOVE N S. Margaret i Bell. 

Bell. 1759. 
So Davy, 13 June, 1808. 2 in 1553. 

445. STOW WEST S. Mary. Tenor. Diam. 42 J in. 6 Bells. 


2, 6 John Draper made me 1631. 

3, 4 John Draper made me 1629. 
5 John Darbie made me 1674. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 19 Aug., 1829. "5 bells which I did not visit." See pp. 112, 124. 

446. STOWLANGTOFT S. George. 4 Bells. 

1 John Draper tiiade me 1631. 

2 J. D. 1614. 

3 y 51 thrice. 

-|- 61 ^ubfacniat IStngna □ 62 SDonantibuS ?i?aiic iKatcrina. 

4 For the service of God. Cast at the expense of Henry 

Wilson Esq. 1856. Taylor and Son, Founders, 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Davy, 6 July, 1S43. "4 bells," apparently quoting T. Martin. See pp. 
57, 109, 112. 

447. STOW MARKET SS. Peter atid Mary. Tenor D, c. 24 cwt. 

Diam. 51* in. 8 Bells. 

1 William Dobson, Downham, Norfolk, Founder, iSio. 

2 Tho: Osborn fecit 1791. 


3 John Darbie made me 1691. 

Thomas : Godard MP. John : Keeble : Richard : 
Osbvrnd : 
, 4 -[- 22 U 20 iit f2omcn HJomtni 33ene»3ictum. 

5 Charles Newman made mee 1699. 

6 T. Mears of London fecit 1823. 

7 John Darbie made me 1672. 

8 Miles Graye made me 1622. 

Clock bell -f- AYG mAI\IA Gl^ACIA PDGnA. 

Probably the old Sance bell. 

5 and a Sance bell in 1553. Davy transposes 2 and 3. The inscription 

on the former he records as Adoremus unum Deum in Trinitate fideliter. 

On 2 he mistakes "Tho" for "John," gives both Darbie's bells wrong dates, 

and changes the names on 3. See pp. 21, 118, 123, 125, 136. 

448. STOWUPLAND Holy Trivity. 1 Bell. 

Bell. Oliver, Wapping, London. Revd. A. G. H. 

r^ -r, T^ Churchwardens. 

G. R. J:<reeman 

In Nomine SS. Trinitatis 1843. 

See p. 151. 

449. ST RAD BROKE A// Sainfs. Tenor Eb, c. 22 cwt. 

8 Bells. 

1 I Taylor & Co., Founders, Loughborough, 1879. Awake 

thou that sleepest. 

2 I. Taylor & Co., Founders, Loughborough, 1879. Hal- 


3 John Borrett Donor. Charles Newman made mee 1697. 
I. U B. L U B. (arms of Borrett). 

4 Miles Graye made me 16 13. 

5 -\- Miles p Graye G 87 made Q nie Q 87 1622. 

6 Fill Dei vivi miserere nobis 1567 L B. 

7 Nvmen inest nvmers. John Darbie made me 1683. 

Thomes Aldous, Joseph Gibbs, C. W. 

# 'i' '§'§'§ 

8 -[-44U25 -|- 14 ^'fc^ ffiabrtclb 5onat ^fc ©ampana 

The figure "6" on the sixth is inverted, and looks like a "9." 5 and a 
Sance bell in 1553. Davy, 16 Oct., 1806, "6 bells." See pp. 25, 102, 117, 
118, 125, 136. 

450. ST RkD\SH ^LL S. Margaret. 5 Bells. 

1 Tho. Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1743. 

John Yale Rector, Tho^ Flack & Thos. Cook C.W. 

2 EdW^. Arnold St. Neots fecit 1775. 

3 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 1570. 

4 Miles Graye made me 1646. 

5 THOmAS DI\APGI\ mADG mG 159.3 Q 8^. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. "Five bells and a clock." Davy. 
See pp. 96, loi, 119, 145. 


451. STRATFORD 5. ^w^mc/. 3 Bells. 

I, 2 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1870. 
3 Recast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1885. 

Rev. E. Hall, M.A., Rector, S. Plant, Churchwarden. 

Hung by George Day & Son, Eye. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
Old Tenor \J 65 thrice. 

+ Saiicta D Car D Hav D 31 n ©ra n Pro D iBobtS- See p. 67. 
This was the original treble. The otiiers were inscribed, ^atlcta J^aria 
©ra pro nobis, and JllErttis ifrUmuntii, &c. 

452. STRATFORD S. Mary. 5 Bells. 

1 Rector Ecclesiam restoravit 
Campanam Sextam me donavit 
Cum gratiis Dominum adoravit 

H. G. Anno 1879. 
I. Taylor & Co., Founders, Loughborough. 

2 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1745. 
John Sacker, John Cooper, C.W. 

3 Thomas Gardiner fecit 1723. 

4 + 43 + 37 3En iilultis Slnnta Jdefonct ©ampana 3)o]^anmS. 

5 -|- Richardvs Bowler me fecit 1589. 

6 0+ S^anctc O ffircgori O ©ra O ^10 O ^oljtg 

So Davy. " Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 37, 104, I45' 

453. STRATTON S. Pder. 
Ecclesia destntcta. No return in 1553. 

454. ^IKi^.^T OH All Saints. 4 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 John Draper made me 1627. 

3 C. & G. Mears, Founders, London. 
Walter Chenery, Rector. 

Osborn Tippell, Churchwarden, 1853. 

4 C. & G. Mears, Founders, London, 1857. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 16 Oct., 1806, notes the old 3rd, © maier I3ct memento met, 
and the old tenor, James Edbere me fecit 1603. R. B. W. S. E. D. The 
old 3rd belonged to the " Burlingham" group, as recorded in L'Estrange's 
Church Bells of Norfolk, p. 80. Messrs. Mears and Stainbank note that i, 
3, and 4 were supplied by them in 1847, and the latter two since recast. 

Peal first of 5 bells, tenor 8 cwt. ; now of 4, tenor 4 cwt. 3 qrs. 4 lbs. 
Diameter of treble 21^ in., of tenor 32 in. See p. 112. 

455. STUTTON S. Peter. 5 Bells. 

I, 4, 5 Miles Graye made me 1684. 

2 Charles Newman made mee 1692. 

3 Henry Pleasant made me 1706. 

So Davy. 3 iu 1553. See p. 134, where "first three " is an error ; also 
pp. 135, 140. 

456. SUDBOURNE ^// ^a/;//j. i Bell. 

Bell. John Darbie made me 1674. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. No notes in Davy. Diam. 3 ft. 3 in. 
See p. 124. 



457, SUDBURY All Saints. Tenor D!?, c. 30 cwt. 

8 and Clock bell. 

1 Cast by John Warner &: Sons, London, 1876. 

In memory of Charles Badham M.A. 27 years Vicar of 
this Parish. Died April, 1874. 

2 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1876. 
Presented by Elliston Allen. 

3 George Dashwood Esi. John Crystall Wardens. 

H. P. 1701. 

4 Miles Graye made me 167 1. 

5 U 65 thrice. 

4- 67 5ancta Q ISatcdna D ^w n i^^o D i^obtg. 

6 -j- 91 + 41 <^"»« i^of'T il^wlfata iWunDi i^ilarta SFocata. 

7 U 65 thrice. 

4-67 *tclla n illarta D PtariS D <5uccurrc D ^itfftma 
n iiobts. 

8 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London. 
I toll the Funeral knell 

I ring the Festal Day 

I mark the fleeting hours 

And chime the Church to pray. ' 

Cast 1576. 

Recast 1875. 

Rev'i. A. H. Arden, Vicar. 

H. S. Pratt \ n\. ^ A 
... \ Churchwardens. 

Clock bell. No inscription. 

" Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 
reverses 6 and 7. Tenor as in Badham's notes. 

The tenor was by S. Tonni of Bury, 1576, inscribed, " Filius Virginis 
Marie dat nobis gaudia vite." Badham. The crosses on the 6th are in 
lozenges, instead of octagon, our blocks being according to the form at 
Gloucester Cathedral and S. Alban's. See pp. 140, 151. 

Dav>' notes no date, 

Fig. 91. 


458. SUDBURY S. Bartholomew. 
Ecclesia destrncta. No return in 1553. 

459. SUDBURY ^. 6^r<;?-^ry. Tenor F, 16 cwt. 8 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 T. Mears of London fecit 182 1. 

7 Mears of London fecit 182 1. 
H. W. Wilkinson, Minister. 

A. Dacon, W"\ Jones, Churchwardens. 

8 Pack Chapman of London fecit 1774. 
Ye Ringers all that prize 

Your health and happiness 
Be sober, merry wise 
And you'll the same possess. 
" Great bells V. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. Seep. 151. 

460. SUDBURY 5. P.'/t^r. Tenor E'^>. Diam. 49 in. 23 cwt. 

8 Bells. 
I, 2 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1874. 

3 John Darbie made me 1662. 

4 □ 81 • James • Edbvrie (arabesque) 1605. 

^ Q, ^ ^ 

5 + U 31 + 37 5tt i'iomcn 33ommi iJcnetiictum. 

§ § ^ ^ ^ 

6 + U 31 + 36 In iHuUig ^nm$ Mcfonct ©ampana 


7 Miles Graye made me 1641. 

8 -1- 15 IJ 31 -|- 3Intonat CH ©cits 2Fo)f ©ampaitc iHicDadis. 
"Great bells v." Return of 1553. Davy, no date. The lower 6 cor- 
rectly though imperfectly given. The beauty of these capitals is extraor- 
dinary. See pp. 35, 109, 119, 123, 151. 

461. SUTTON All Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. Robert Hvrnard Tho. Gardiner fecit 17 13. 
" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. "The steeple is down. One small 
bell hangs in the roof." Davy, 12 Oct., 1818. Order for sale of a bell, 1692. 
Eastern Counties Collectanea, p. 240. 

462. SWEFFLING ^. J/r?;^. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Son, London, 1887. 
Jubilee bell. ReV^. R. Peek, M.A., Rector. 
Hung ])y G. Day & Son, Eye. 

2 T. Mears of London fecit 183 1. 

3 Tho. Gardiner fecit 17 18. 

4 Thomas Mears & Son of London fecit. 

5, 6 Thomas Gardiner Benhall fecit. 17 16. 
" Swestlyng... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. No notes in Davy. See 
P- 143- 

463. SWILLAND 6". Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. -|- AYG mAI^IA GI\ACIA PliGIlA DOm- 

invs TGcvm. 

So Davy imperfectlv, 2S May, 1827. 3 in 1553. See p. 61. 


242 THE CHURCH bells of Suffolk. 

464. SY LEH AM S. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1676. 

2 John Goldsmith made me 1708. S'. Margaret's. 

3 -f 61 ilo% Cljome itUdtis D 62 iitcrcamur (Gautita ILucis. 
So Davy nearly, 13 Oct., 1806. 3 ia 1553. See pp. 56, 124. 2 omitted 

from Goldsmith's list, p. 145. 

465. TANNINGTON 6-. ^///^//vr/. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 4 John Darbie made me 1662. 

3 John Darbie made me 1662. Thomas Dade Esqvire. 
5 John Darbie made me 1662. 

William Dade Esq, John Jeffrey, W.K. CW. 

3 in 1553. Davy, 23 July, 1S08, crosses 3 and 5. 2 and 4 are maidens, 
the others chipped. On each stock is G. Day, Eye, 1866. 

A William Dade of Tannington married Mary VVingfield of the Crowfield 
branch. She died in 1624. No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. 

466. TATTINGSTONE 6". J/^ry. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 John Darbie made me 1661. 

4 Thos. Mears of London fecit 1795. 

5 Ransomes & Sims made me 1853. 

The inscription on the old tenor is noted by Davy as i, 2, 3. 
No sale of bells in certif. of 1547. 4 in 1553. See p. 146. 

467. THEBERTON ^. P^/^r. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London, 1875. 
J^acfi Suwiis In Honorem Domini. 
" One in 1553. 
I, 2 I E. L D. 1614. 

3 John Darbie made me 1663. 

4 Nos sumus instruct! ad laudem Domini 1594 (Arms, France and 
England) E. R." Davy, Oct. 8, 1S06. (He says L A. on i, 2, but of course 
he means I. E.) Diameters, 2 ft. 2f in. ; 2 ft. 4 in. ; 2 ft. 5^ in. ; 2 ft. 7a in. ; 
2 ft. 10 in. Weights, 4 cvvt. o qrs. 12 lbs. ; 4 cwt. i qr. ; 4 cwt. 3 qrs. 21 lbs. ; 
5 cwt. 2 qrs. 19 lbs. ; 7 cvvt. o qrs. 11 lbs. See p. no. 

468. THELNETHAM .S. iWV//^Aw. 5 Bells 

1 T. L. made me 1748. 

2 T L 1748. 

3 Thomas Lester of London fecit 1748. 

4 John Draper made me 1603 \ □ 83. 

5 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1729. 

" ffeltham... Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 27 July, 1S24. 5, 
1722. al. sim. Sperling says, "Tenor A, 8| cvvt." See pp. in, 144, 149. 

469. THETFORD ^. J/<7rj'. 6 Bells. 

1 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1765. 

2 John Draper made me 16 15. 

3 Thomas Lester & Tho\ Pack of London made me 1753. 

4 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1725. 

5 John Darbie made me 1664 IT 
Orsburne Clarke Burrage Martine CW. 

6 Sa Maria John Goldsmith fecit 17 11. 
Isaac Fawkes Churchwarden. Sa Maria. 

No Suffolk return in 1553. Davy, 26 July, 1824, notes 6 bells. See pp. 
in, 123, 144, 146. 


470. THORINGTON 5. Peter. i Bell. 

Bell. ( A pentacle) iamtocU— ©tocn D i*lat)c D iWf 
D foi" D feanstcD. 1596. 
So Davy, Aug. 17, 1S06. The Terrier, 19 June, 1801, says, "weighing 
about I cwt" ! 

Ao. 1547 Thoringhtonne. Thes be the pcells yt hathe been solde wtjn the 
pishe of Thoryngton in .Suff. Itm sold by the holle pysche ij bells for the 
prce of vj. iiij. iiij. One in 1553. See p. 104. 

471. THORN DON ^// &/;//j. Tenor F. 6 Bells. 

I C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1856. 
2, 3, 4 John Darbie made me 1667. 

5 John Darbie made me 1667. Isaac Wellvm Gent. C.W. 

6 En mea campana qvam belle sonas Ex parte donvm 

Isaaci Wellvm Rectoris 167 1. John Darbie made. 
4 in 1553. Davy, 18 June, 1809, notes the old treble, Isaac Wellvm Gent: 
Ch: Warden I. D. 1669. See his note. See p. 123. 

472. THORN HAM, GREAT, .S. J/«/7. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 Charles Newman made mee 1701. 

3 IJ 65 thrice. 

4- ^ancta Q iitacia Q ©ra D ^ro D f^o^JiS. 

4 Charles Newman made mee 1701. John Govch C.W. 

5 U 50 thrice. 

4- 61 J2o0 ^f)omc i«eriti5 D 62 iJHcrcamuc ffiautiia 2Luci3. 
4 in 1553. Davy, 22 April, 18 19, calls 5 4, and omits John Govch. See 
pp. 56, 136. 

473. THORN HAM, LITTLE, .S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Newmman (sic) of Norwich made me 
3 in 1553. Davy, 22 April, 1829. "Charles . . 1707." See p. 137. 

Ecclesia dcstntcta. No return in 1553, 

Ecclesia dcstrticta. " Grete bells iij."' Return of 1553. 

" The steeple contains only one bell, thus inscribed, i Charoli Framling- 
ham Mihtis 1592." Davy. Vid. Little Ashfield, No. 13. 

476. THORPE-BY-iXWORTH All Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. Edmund Whaites Ihon Howlet Church Wardens. 
John Stephens fecit 1723. 
"Yexforthe Thorpe. ..Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 
Davy, 25 July, 1832, " One bell in a cupola." See p. 139. 

477. THORPE MORI EUX 6". J/.?0'- 3 Bells. 

1 Thomas Cheese made me 1632. 

2 n 81 Thomas Q 82 Cheese made me 1629. 

3 J. Thornton made me 17 13. 
R. Santy L Burton CWds. 

" Thorpe Moresse... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. wo, 
Martin, 5 July, 1741, by mistake says that they are modern ones. 


478. T HR AND EST ON S. Margaref. 5 Bells. 

1 John Brcnd made me 1654. 

2 IJ 50 thrice. 

4-61 Jfac ^argavrta □ 62 {lohii ?i?cc i^uncra JLtta. 

3 Miles Graie made me 1608. 

4 George Clay Esq. and Osborn Roper Churchwardens 1813. 

5 Christopher Graye made me 1678. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 17 June, 1809, crosses 2 and 3, and records 4, Katherin 
Cliittocke John Brend made me 1650. Sperling (c. i860), "Tenor G." See 
PP- 57, 117, 121. 134. 

479. THURLESTON 5. Bofo//>/i. 
Ecclesia destnicta. No return in 1553. 

480. THURLOW, GREAT, All Saints. 5 Bells. 

I, 3 Miles Graye made me 1660. 

2 Recast by I. Taylor & Co., Founders, Loughborough, 1880. 

4 C. & G. Mears, founders, London. This bell recast at 

the expence of Lady Harland, Lady of the Manor 
of Great Thurlow, 1849. 

5 A. Gardner & W. Eagle, C.W. 
John Briant Hertford fecit 1781. 

Clock bell. Tho^ Mears of London fecit 1794. 

" Great bells iiij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. " Five bells," Davy. 
See p. 121. 

481. THURLOW, LITTLE, 5. T'.'/^/'. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4 John Draper made me 162 1. 
5 T. Crick Rector, W. Burch C.W. John Briant Hertford 
fecit, 1807. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. "Five bells," Davy. See p. 112. 
For " Great" read " Little." 

482. THURSTON ^. /'.^^r. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 John Draper and Andrew Gvrny made me 1630. 
3, 5 Thomas Newman made me 17 14. 
4 Charles Newman made mee 1699. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy notes " 3 bells." See pp. 112, 

483. THWAITE S. George. ' i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. New when the church was re- 
stored in 1846. 

3 in 1553. The old bell, inscribed "Miles Graye made me 1626," was 
sold to McUis c. 1846. See No. 335. 

484. TIMWORTH .S. ^;/^m<:'. 4 Bells. 

I, 2 John Darbie made me 1675. 

3 Charles Newman made mee 1698. 

4 John Draper made me 1626. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. " 4 bells," Davy. See pp. 112, 124, 


485. TOSTOCK S. Ajidrew. 4 Bells. 

1 No inscription. 

2 U 66 -{- fattct cpctrc bra pro nobtg. 

3 -[- 67 ^anrta iitaria ova pro nobis U 65. 

4 1671 ^ R ^ G ^ 
" Great bells iiij." Returns of 1553. 

Davy calls the tenor " blank," but notes two inscriptions as 2 and 3. 

486. TRIM LEY 6". Martin. 1 Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 

"Great bells j." Return of 1553. From Davy, 16 July, 1829, "very 

487. JRmLEy S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Lionellus Tolmach comes de Dysart banc de novo 
fundi C. 1736. (Coronet and crest of Tollemache.) 
(Arms of Tollemache.) 
Davy, 16 July, 1829, inaccessible. No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 
1549. "Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See p. 148. 

488. TROSTON S. Mary. Tenor, Diam. 28| in. Wt. 6 cwt. 

6 Bells. 
I, 2, 3 Robert Stainbank, Founder, London, 1868. 

4 -(- Stefanus Tonni de Buri Sante Edmonde me fecit 1567. 
Recast by Robert Stainbank, London, 1868. 

5 -|- Subveniat Dingna. Donantibus Hanc Katerina. 
Recast by Robert Stainbank, London, 1S68. 

6 -|- Dona Repende Pia. Rogo Magdalena Maria. 
Recast by Robert Stainbank, London, 1868. 

So T. Martin. Davy says, " with 2 bells " ! 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 151. 

These inscriptions were reproduced from the old bells. I saw them in 
Jan., 1859. The 2nd and tenor bore shield No. 51 thrice each; and the 
usual cross and rhyme stop, Nos. 61 and 62. The treble bore Tonni's 
usual marks, Nos. 81 and 82. 

489. T U D D E N H A M .9. Marthi. 5 Bells. 

I John Darbie made me 1685 R. C. 
2) 3' 4) 5 John Darbie made me 1665. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. T. Martin, 23 April, 1725, 5. See p, 

490. TUDDENHAM 6". Mzry, 5 Bells. 

1 R. G. 1672. 

2 R. G. 1666. 

3 Thomas Draper made me 1591. 

4 y 65 thrice. 

-j- .Sancta n ^""^ D o'^a Q P'^o glalxi. 

5 John Darbie made me 1675. William Baker C.W. 
So Davy with a mistake or two, 22 Aug., 1S28. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See pp. 69, 100, 124, 132. 

49L JUHSTkLL S. Michael. 6 Bells. 

I This bell was added to the former five by the subscrip- 
tion of the Rector and parishioners 1823. 


2 T. Mears of London 18 r4. 
3, 5 T. Mears of London fecit 1S14. 
4 T. Mears of London fecit 1833. 
6 Rev. Jos. Gerrard Ferrand Rector. 

T. Flatt C*^. Warden. 

W'n. Dobson fecit 1823. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. The old six. 
" I, 2, 3, 4, 5 Anno Domini 1721. 

6 George Cutting, Joseph Green, Churchwardens. John Stephens made 
me 1720." Davy. 

492. UBBESTON 6". P.'/.^r. The larger cracked. 2 Bells. 

1 ^ancta Sluna ©ra ^^ro ilobis O U 45- 

2 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Q 82 Stefanvs Q 82 Tonni □ 

me □ 82 fecit Q 81 1573 D 81. 
So Davy, i Aug., 1806, save that he dates 2 1567. Terrier, 16 June, 1801, 
"Three bells, one of which is cracked." 3 in 1553. Pits for three. See 
PP- 37> 96. 

493. UFFORD S. Mary. Tenor F. 6 Bells. 

1 John Taylor & Son, Founders, Loughborough, 1848. 

2 U 52 thrice. 

+ 61 jfac iitargarcta n 62 i^obb ?i?cc i^uncca Seta. 

3 John Darbie made me 16S6. 

4 -|- 14 5um O 16 iiosa O 16 ^ulsata O 16 iHuntit O 16 

iWaita O 16 SJotaia. 

5 Tho^. Simpson Gent. Churchwarden. 

T. Osborn founder Downham Norfolk 1798. 

6 IJ 50 thrice. 

4- 61 In i*lultig ^nnis Q 62 jacsonct Campa 3roK«. 
No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. "Great bells v." Return of 
1553. The old treble was inscribed "RevJ. Jacob Chilton, D.D., Rector, 
John Hill C. Warden 1727." Davy, 7 June, 1806. The rest of his account 
mainly agrees with the above. See pp. 17, 57, 59, 125. 

494. U GGESH ALL S. Mary. In B3. i Bell. 

Bell. U 52 thrice. 

-1- 61 ^ac In ©onclabc n 62 CSabttcl J^imc ^angc ^uabe. 
. So Davy, 3 Sept., 1807. "There were formerly mrire bells, which were 
sold for the repairs of the church" (Mr. Sheriffe, R. 17S6 — 1S42). 3 in 1553. 
Pits for three, this probably being the old 2nd. The other two are said to 
have been taken to Stoven and Sotherton. At the base of the unfinished 
tower is the following inscription: — ©rate p"o auimabs lol&is jflnlc ft manoiie 
ur' etus, with two shields bearing emblems said to be those of a Free Mason 
and a Mark Mason. See p. 53. 

495. WALBERSWICK .S. A;idre7c>. i Bell. 

Bell. Lester & Pack of London fecit 1767. 

Diam. 2 ft. o^ in., badly cracked in three or four places across the crown. 
Davy, 22 June, 1809, "i Bell." Terrier, 8 June, 1791, "One bell with a 
frame, weight about three hundred." 

See Ellacombe's Church Bells of Gloucestershire, Stipplement, p. 150, 
and extracts from Gardiner's Diinwich. No sale of bells recorded in certif. 
of 1547. 2 and a Sance bell in 1553. 


496. WALDINGFIELD, GREAT, 5. Laurence. Tenor Fij:. 

Diam 42 in. 6 Bells. 

1 Canite Jovce Laudes novo Carmine. 

John Briant Hartford fecit An: Dom: 1800. 

2 Omnes incote audite. John Briant Hartford fecit 1800. 

3 Sit Nomen Domini Benedictum. 

John Briant Hartford fecit An: Dom: 1800. 

4 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1876. 
E. W. Downs & Son, Glemsford, hung me. 

5 Supremis Locis Jovam laudate. John Briant Hartford 

fecit An: Dom: 1800. 

6 Adeste. Rev"'^. Thomas Royce Rector, John Lott & 

Ed. Prior C: W: Adeste. John Briant Hartford 
fecit An: Dom: 1800. 

"Great Bells iiij " Return of 1553. 

Davy, Aug. 18, 1826. 4 "John Briant Hattford fecit 1800. Laudate 
Deum" (tympanis?) 

Entry in the Vestry book that 5 old bells were recast into 6 in iSoo. See 
p. 152. 

497. WALDINGFIELD, LITTLE, 5. Laurence. Tenor Fff. 

Diam. 40 in. 6 Bells. 

1, 4 T. Osborn fecit 1785. 

2 Jeames D 81 Edbere □ 82 16 12 (arabesque). 

3 Jeames (arabesque) Edbury □ 81 1612 □ 82. 
5 Miles Graye made me 161 7. 

So Davy, Sept. 10, 1827. "Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

498. WALDRINGFiELD ^// &/V;/i-. i Bell. 

Bell. Stephen Brame Churchwarden T. G. 17 14. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 21 May, 181 1, gives 2, 3, 4, 
Thomas Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 1714, but on 2 Jan., 1824, notes but one 
bell left. See p. 143. 

499. WALPOLE S. Mary. i Bell. 

BelL 1786. 
So Davy, 26 June, 1806. T. Martin, 13 Sept., 1760, "They tell me there 
was once a good steeple with 5 Bells." 3 m 1553. 

500. WALSHAM-LE-WILLOWS 6*. J/«ry. 6 Bells. 

X Charles Newman made mee 1700. 

2, 3 Charles Newman made mee 1699. Johannes Hunt 


4 □ 81 De Bvri Santi Edmondi Stefanvs Tonni me fecit 

5, 6 Thomas Newman made me 1704. John Hunt Esq. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 7 July, 1843, " 6 Bells." See 
pp. 96, 136, 137. 

501. WALTON 5. Mary. i Bell. 


Davy, 15 July, 1S29, SAIIGTA JOHAODIS. 

" The steeple . . . has long been down." No sale of bells recorded 
in certif. of 1547. " Great bells ij." Return of 1553. 


502. WANG FORD 5. Denis. i Bell. 

Bell. Robard .^_ Gvrney made me 166S. 

•' Waynforde... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, 23 Aug., 1829, 
notes " one small bell." There were certainly two, for I found two not very 
small ones in 1849, ^"d no one would have brought in a bell in the interim. 

The larger of these two weighed 1 1 cwt., and bore -[- 24 IJ 23-(-24 ^it 
iEomcn Domini 33cuclltftum. It was taken down in 1871, and weighed 
before being recast into the present Brandon treble. That lamented ringer 
and campanologist, the late Rev. A Sutton, Rector of West Toft, gave me 
the weight. Pits for three. See pp. 24, 132, 169. 

503. WANGFORD S. Pder. Tenor in G. 5 Bells. 

1 Slnno Somtni 1624 WIB. 

2 Cast by John Warner and Sons, London, 1863. 
(Royal Arms) Patent. 

3 John Darbie made me 1668. 

4 John Stephens made mee 1721. 
John Sayer Church Warden. 

5 ^nno Domini 1625 AB 

Davy, 3 Sept., 1807, notes the old 2nd of the same date as the 4th. 
Terrier, 1827, 5. No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 4 in 1553. 
See pp. 114, 123, 139. 

504. WA N T ! S D E N 6'. John Baptist. i Bell. 

Bell. Pack & Chapman of London fecit 1773. 
So Davy, July 31, 1810. "Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

505. WASHBROOK 6". J/^rj'. Diam. 39.V in. i Bell. 

Bell. U 23 + ^n iWultis llnnts i^csonct CFampana 
3 in 1553. Davy was unable to reach this bell in 1S24. See p. 23. 

506. WATTIS FIELD S. Margaret. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 5 John Darbie made me 1685. 
4 WIJ Tb in □ 84 T-HG □ 84 l\AYnG □ 84 
OB □ 84 QYGne □ 84 GIJSG □ 84 BGT-H □ 84 
BIS □ 84 XIII □ 84. 

" Great bells iij.'' Return of 1553. Davy, 6 Jan., 1810, as this. Sperling 
(i860), "Tenor G|." See pp. 98 — 100, 125. 

507. WATTIS HAM S. Nieholas. 2 Bells. 

1 John Gardiner Church Warden T G fecit 17 19. 

2 y 66 thrice. 

4- 67 ^ancta Q 68 /ttada D 63 iH:igt)aIcna D 68 (Dra 
D 68 ^ro D 68 i^obis. 
So Davy, 24 Oct., 1826. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 69. 

508. WELNETHAM, GREAT, 6". r/ww7^. i Bell. 

Bell. H. P. made 1695. R- G. Churchwarden. 

"Great bells ij." Return of 1553. "The steeple is down, but on the 
roof, at the west end of the nave hangs i small bell." Davy. See p. 140. 

iNscRimoNs. 249 

509. WELNETHAM, LITTLE, S. Mary Magdalene. Tenor G. 

Diam. 33^ in. 3 Bells. 

1 □ me : mAr;GAi\GTG :^GAmPAnAm : 

DIGin:iG : LrGTG Q 

2 R. B. IT IE ? 1614 ID. 

3 R. #G. 4 i67i#0 

"Burlingham" lettering on treble, but Au5ten Bracker's cross. Ca/nbs., 
No. 71. 

"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. " 2 bells," Davy. See pp. 62, 132. 

510. WEN HAM, GREAT, 5. >////. 3 Bells. 

I, 2 No inscription. 

3 Richardus Bowler me fecit 1592. 

So Davy. No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. See 
p. 104. 

511. WE N HAM, LITTLE, ^// .S-^w/A-. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 17 14. 

3 in 1553. "In the steeple there is but one bell, inscribed ' John Club 
Rector of Horham 1672.'" Davy. See Horham, No. 264. See p. 143. 

512. ^EHHkSTOH S. Feter. Tenor C^. Diam. c. 40 in. 

6 Bells. 
I, 2 Jn". Ellis & Robt. Tallant Ch. Wardens. 

W. & T. Mears, late Lester, Pack & Chapman, London 
fecit 1787. 

3 T. Mears of London fecit 1823. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

5 Lester & Pack of London fecit 1767. 

6 IJ 51 thrice. 

^61 ®uc5umu5 "^ntitca n 62 iFamulorum Susftpc VoXti. 

So Davy, 3 June, 1808. Old 3rd, " W^. Fiske, John P'iske, Anno 
Domini 1629." A clean little ring. 

No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 4 and a Sancts bell in 1553. 

513. WESTER FIELD 6'. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 iH thrice U 9- 

2 IB.QX Hugufiini Sionct Irn '^urc 53ri XJ 9. 

3 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1852. 

" Itm bells in the Stepyll iij." Return of 1553, with the Ipswich churches. 
Davy, 7 Aug., 1829, "3 inaccessible." See p. 17. 

514. WEST HALL 5. Alary. Tenor is a rather sharp F, slightly 

flattened, vibrates a minor third. 5 Bells; 
I, 4 Slnno Domini 1616 AB 

2 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1875. 

3 No inscription. 

5 Omuis tSonus Saitlirt Sominum. 
Slnno 33omint 1626 AB 
So Davy, 2 June, 1808. Old 2nd, "John Darbie made me 167S." 

4 in 1553. On the screen, S. Antony's pig with a crotal. See p. 114. 



515. WESTHORPE 5. Margaret. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 John Osborne Gent. Simon Hunt Churchwardens. 
1702, H. P. 

3 Tho. Gardiner Norwich fecit 1740. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

-|- 5'nncta D 68 il^l^rta D 68 roa (sic) D 68 i^ronobis. 

5 William Grimwood and Jeremiah Hayward Church- 

wardens 1808. 
4 in 1553- Davy, 22 July, 1831, 5. See pp. 140, 145. 

516. WESTLETON S. Pda: i Bell. 

Bell. C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1849. 

S. A. Woods, iun. Esq'" ) ,-,, , , 
T) r^- r -n r f Churchwardcns. 

R. Girhng, Esq"^ ) 

Davy, 22 June, 1809. Sattcta ,{Vtarta ora pro nobis. See his note. 
No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 3 in 1553. 

517. WEST LEY S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Mears of London fecit 1803. 
"Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, Aug. 18, 1828, notes it as 
inaccessible. The present church was built in 1836. 

518. W£STON S. Pdcr. 3 Bells. 

1 _|_ : Dominus : SIT : ADiuToi\ : meus : 

2 -f- SGG ; PGTI^G : PI^O : mG : DGU ; inTGI^- 


3 -|- missus : UGI\0 : PIG : GABI\IGIf : 

BGI\T : ItGTA : mAI\IG. 

So Davy, i June, 1808. ''Great bells iij. Sawnce bells j." Return of 
1553. See p. 63. 

519. WESTON, CONEY, S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. John Barnes Rector, John Alderton Thomas 
Lanchester Church ^^'ardens. Coney Weston, 
Suffolk, 1S02. 

"Great bells iij. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. A bell sold in 1690. 
Eastern Counties' Collectanea, p. 240. T. Martin noted one bell inscribed, 
?fear En Conclabc ©abriel i^uc ^angc suabc. 

The tower fell in 1690. 

520. WESTON MARKET 5. J/.?;t. 5 Bells. 

1 Thomas Gardiner Sudbury me fecit 17 12. 

2 IJ 66 thrice. 

-[- ^anctc Bttt)rca '^postolt ©ta ^ro ilobts. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-]- iios ^ocict Sianctts □ temper /licljolaus In ^Itta, 


5 Charles King, Thomus (sic) Peck Churchwardens. 
John Stephens made mee 1725. 

" Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Tenor according to Sperling 18 cwt. 

Davy, 27 July, 1824. He noted 2, erased ... ora pro nobis; 3. erased; 

4. chipped oft"; 5, " Stephenson " for '" Stephens," of course wrong. Sperling, 


in i860, noted a defaced inscription on single letters with a leopard's head 
and a fleur-de-lis alternately separating them. My own notes, however, 
show an initial cross, No. 47 ; and the pot No. 46, at the end of ffllSGI^IS. 
The leopard's head is probably No. 48. There has been barbarous mutila- 
tion in this tower. See pp. 41, 58, 69, 143. 

521. WETHERDEN ^. ^/«ry. 5 Bells. 

I, 2 Miles Graye made me 1673. 

3 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London, 18S6. 

C. J. Goodhart Rector. 

S. W. Hunt ) ^,, , , 

P. C. N. Peddar | Churchwardens. 

4 T. Osborn Downham fecit 1786. 

5 Ralph Rouse Warden. Henry Pleasant made me 1703. 
4 in 1553. Old 3 as i and 2, says Davy. See p. 140. 

522. WETHERINGSETT ^// 6"^/;//.^. Tenor. Diam. 43.Un. 

5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1660. 

2 John Draper made me 1636. 

3 G. Mears & Co., Founders, London, 1864. 

4 Wm. Dobson, Founder, 1824 William Grimwade & 

John Cobbald Churchwardens. 

5 Lester & Pack of London fecit. ]a\ Keen & Thos. 

Edwards Ch. Wardens 1765. 

3 in 1553. Davy, 23 May, 1828, crosses 2 and 3, and notes the inscription 
on the bell recast in 1864, dLcU M muiius qui regnat CErtnus ct <Hiius. 
See pp. 112, 122. 

523. WEYBREAD 6". Andreiv. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 IJ (Moore, Holmes and Mackenzie). 

See also East Anglian IL, 6. 

3 in 1553. The old three noted by me, 12 March, 1862. 

1 No inscription. 


3 John Brend made me 165 1. 

So Davy, 13 Oct., 1806. Mr. John Calver says that No. i, a very rough 
bell, is said to have been cast in Weybread, that Mr. Robert Bond, Church- 
warden, knew this, and that some knew the very field where it had been cast. 
See pp. 62, 154. 

The " greate bell" had a new baldrick in 1599, at a cost of ■>i\]d. 
"Brande" the bellfounder received for casting it in 1651, " wth some charges 
spent with him," ^3 2^. The parish book is full of small items about the 

524. \NHATF\ELD S. Margaret. 3 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1678. 

2 □ 81 Omnia Q 82 Jovam D 82 lavdent. D 82 ani- 

mantia D 81 1575. S. T. W. L. T. I). 

3 Miles Graye made me 1634. 

So Davy, 26 Oct., 1826. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. See p. 98. 

525. \N HEPST EAD S. Fefromlla. 5 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 4, 5 E^ Arnold, S'. Neot's, 1774. 
"Great bells j." Return of 1553. Church notes about 1724 (Tom 


Martin's). "Church leaded, chancel tylcd. steeple lowered. 4 bells." 
" Five bells." Davy, Aug. 26, 183 1. 

The old leaden spire is said to have been blown down in the tremendous 
storm of Sept 3rd, 165S, the night on which Cromwell died. See p. 153. 

526. \N H ERST E AD S. Mjrj. 3 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1675, Richard Goodinge C.W. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1622. 

3 U 50 thrice. 

-f- 61 4'los ^i)omc iHcritis n 62 il^crcamuc GauDta 2Luct«. 

3 in 1553- Davy notes two bells, but does not give the inscriptions. See 
pp. 56, 118. R. Gooding was buried 27 Nov., 1682. Zincke's Wherstead, 
p. 9. 

527. WHITTON i Bell. 

Bell. <2> 72 abc a 72 marta & 72 gracia & 72 auo & 72 
mctct A J 2 xli, 

I in 1553. Inscription quite close up to shoulder of bell. Diameter 22 J 
inches. Height to shoulder 21 inches. Height to top of cannons 28 inches ; 
square shouldered (Pearson, W.C. 15 May, 18S7). 

Davy, 9 Sept., 1827, " i Bell." No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 
See p. 74. 

528. WICKHAM MARKET A// Saints. Tenor F. Diam. 41 in. 

6 and Clock bell. 

1 John Brend made me 1657. 

2 The monvment of Gray 
Is past awaie 

In place of it doth stand 

The name of John Brend, 1657. 

3 A. D. 1S83. 

Gulielmus Thomas Image A.M. Aul : SS : Trin : Cantab: 
Vicarius. Johannes Cracknell et Gulielmus Nathaniel 
Whitmore hujus Ecclesice custodes. 

4 U 65 thrice. 

+ 67 <Ss\i D 68 Cct D 68 munus D 68 qui Q 68 rcgnat 
D 68 et D 68 unus. 


6 Anno Domini 1613 WIB. 
Clock bell. Inaccessible. 

" Great bells v. Sancts Bells j." Return of 1553. 

Davy crosses 5 and 6 and 3 and 4, and records the bell recast in 1S83 as 
inscribed, "John Darbie made me 1672." 4 Nov., 1805. 

John Sawer and Tho. Gyrling C.W. of Wykh^m record no sale of bells in 
their certif., 1547. It may be Wickham Skeith. 4 honeycombed. The 
chime-barrel machinery was in the tower in 1S73. The Clock bell, now on 
the outside of the spire, appears to be the old Sance bell. There is an old 
30 hy clock, without nut or screw in it. See pp. 69, 104, 113, 121. 

529. WICKHAM SKEITH S. Andrew. 6 Bells. 

1 Osborn fecit 1780. 

2 Tho\ Osborn Downham fecit 1780. 


3 I D I G 1615 B B 



pp. n G 

I G 

4 John Darbie made me i66g. 

5 The Lord to praise 
My voice I raise. 

Tho^. Osborn founder 1797; 

6 John Draper made me 1627. 

4 i" 1 553- Martin in 1724 could not read the 3rd, and Davy in 1819 only 
succeeded imperfectly. 

The initials on the 3rd (besides I. D. and I. E., which are those of John 
Driver and James Edbury, of Bury, the founders,) appear to be those of 
Benjamin Boaden, bapt. 1598, Peter Fryer or Frere, whose son George was 
baptized in 1597, Nicholas Goddard, bapt. 1591, and John Goddard, who 
married Anne Fryer, or Frere, in 1584, and was Churchwarden in 162S. 
Will of Henr. ffryer of Wickham in Ipsvv. Registry between 1444 and 1455. 
The inscription on the 3rd points t© resistance by "village Hampdens" to 
some " little tyrant of their fields." See pp. 1 10, 1 12. 

530. WICKHAM BROOK ^// ^^r/;//^. 5 Bells. 

1 Miles Graye made me 1641. 

2 Charles Newman made mee 1695. 

3 William Dobson 1823. 

4 Miles Graye made me 161 1. 

5 John Darbie made me 1663. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. "Five beUs," Davy. See pp. 117, 
119, 123, 135. The date on the 4th is doubtful. 

531. VJILBY S. Mary. 6 Bells. 

I John -[- Goldsmith -|- fecit -)- 1 7 1 3 D + D 
2, 3 Anno Domini 1606. W. B. 

4 Robt. Coates C^. Warden. Tho^. Osborn Downham 

fecit 1789. 

5 Miles Graye made me 16 15. 
'6 17 65 thrice. 

+ 67 Otigo n 68 ©oroitata D 68 Bxic Q 68 ilo5 D 
aD D 68 licgna D 68 13cata. 
So Davy, 16 June, 1809. See some quaint lines on xxxviii score of Crown 
Bob, March xxviii mdccxxxiv in his note. 4 and a Sance bell in 1553. 
3rd cracked, but hardly perceptibly so- See pp. 67, 117, 146. 

532. WILLINGHAM S. Mary. 
Ecdesia destriicta. No return in 1553. 

The church is alluded to in Davy's MSS. as standing in 1529. 

533. WILLISHAM S. Mary. i Belh 

Bell. 1777. 
2 in 1553. Davy, 19 May, 1829, i inaccessible. 

534. WINGFIELD 6". J/^?rj'. 6 Bells. 

1 Tho\ Newman of Norwich made mc. 
Mr. Daws C. W. 1742. 


2 AB U 86 U 52 

<Dmui5 ^onus UnutJct Sominum itcjfc 1596 q<iv n 

3 Anno Domini 161 3 W. B. 

4 Anno Domini 1613 W I B. 

5 Anno Domini 1602 AB 


6 Anno Domini 16 13 AB 


4 and a Sance bell in 1553. Davy, 24 Sept., 1S27, crosses i and 2 and 
4 and 5. See pp. 113, 138. 

535. \N\NSTON S. Andre7o. 5 Bells. 

1 John Darbie made me 1662 R. M. 

2 John Darbie made me 1662 T D. 
3, 5 Miles Graye made me 163S. 

4 Tho^ Gardiner Sudbury fecit 1737. 
So Davy, except the initials. "Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. See 
pp. 118, 123, 144. 

536. WISSETT ^. An^re7C'. 5 Bells. 

I T. Mears London fecit 18 18. 

2, 3 Thomas Gardiner Benhall fecit 17 18. 

4 D UIl\GO □ mAI\IA. 

5 Tho. Gardiner fecit 17 18. Rob*. More CW. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 15 May, 1806, notes 2 and 3 as i and 2, 4 as 3, 5 as 4, 
and an old tenor, flos STfjonie... 

The tenor was clearly recast for a treble. See pp. 11, 143. 

537. WISTON 6'. Mary. 3 Bells. 

1 W. L. T. D. 1574. Nicolas Grice Benefacter. 
D 82 Fear ^ God Q 81. 

2 Miles Graye made me 1664. 

3 John Thornton Sudbury fecit 17 19. 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. Davy, Oct. i, 1828, " A cupola which 
contains three small bells." See pp. 98, 133, 142. 

538. WITHERSDALE S. Mary Magdalene. 2 Bells. 

1 W. B. 

2 No inscription. 

2 in 1553. "Two " Terriers ; and Davy, 10 Jan., 181 1. Seep. 115. 

539. WITH E RS FIELD 6-. ^/^ry. 5 Bells. 

I, 3, 5 Robert Taylor, St. Neot's, 1S04. 
2 Richard Bowler made me 1603. 

4 John Thornton Sudbury fecit 17 18. 

"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. "Five tuneable bells," Davy. See 
pp. 104, 142. 

540. WITNESHAM S. Mary. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Son, London, 187 1. 

2 John Darbie made me 1660. 

3 Thomas Gardiner made me 17 17. 


4 John Darbie made me 1660 C W 

5 John Uarbie made me 1660. John Hcttridges C. W. 

6 John Darbie made me 1660. Daniel Meadows C. W. 
"Great bells iiij." Return of 1553. Davy, 28 May, 1827. See pp. 122, 

143, where "tenor" is a mistake for "third." 

541. WIXOE 6". Leonard. Diam. 28 in. i Bell. 

Bell. U 25 O 18 U 26 ^anctc iiccolac C5ca 4^ro iiobts 
So Davy. " Great bells ij." Return of 1553. See p. 25. 

542. "HOO^^^X^Q,^ S. JoIm-the-Evanc^elist. i Bell. 

Bell. Thomas Mears, London, founder, 1843. 

543. WOODBRIDGE 6". J/rt-r)'. Tenor 27 cwt. 8 Bells. 

1 The Lord to praise my voice I'll raise. 

Tho^ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

2 Hear me when I call. 

Tho^ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

3 Strike me and Fll sound sweetly. 

Thos. Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

4 Peace and good neighbourhood. 

Tho^ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

5 Our voices shall with joyful sound 
Make hills and valleys echo round. 

Tho^. Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

6 In wedlock's bands all ye who join 

With hands your hearts unite 
So shall our tuneful tongues combine 

To laud the nuptial rite. 
Tho\ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

7 We to the church the living call 
And to the grave do summon all. 

Tho\ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

8 John Hammond, Robert Allen Churchwardens. 
Tho^ Osborn Downham Norfolk Founder 1799. 

"Great bells v. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. No sale of bells re- 
corded in certif. of 1547. 

An older tower seems to have become ruinous by the beginning of the 
15th century. Hawes has collected the following items from old wills : — W. 
Foder, 1444, 3J. \d. Joh. Newport, 1444, ;^6 \y. 4^. Joh. Allrede, 1448, 
20 marks. Joh. Spicer, 1453, £j. Galfr. Kempe, 1450, £■]. W. Berard, 
145 1, 3 J-. 4(/. Walt. Doft, 1448, 40^. Rob. Parterick, 1459, 135. 4^. Joh. 
Kemp, 1458, ;^I4. Rob. Barfoot, 40J. 

The expression in Foder's will, "Ad fabricationem campanilis cum fuerit 
inceptum," shows that the work had been already in project, perhaps for 
some time; " de novo faciend," in others points to the existence of a 
previous belfry. 

By 1612, according to Hawes, the bells were increased from 5 to 6. 
Towards the end of the seventeenth century these had all been recast. 
Martin's note (1712) is as follows : 

" I John Darbie made me 1669. 

2 Miles Grey made me 1638. 

3 Miles Grey made me 1638. 

4 Miles Grey made me 1676. 

5 John Darbie made me 1679. 

6 John Darbie made me 1677." 


From notes in Davy, taken at the time of the removal of the bells for 
recasting, Nov. 10, 179S, it appears that "Grey" on 4 is a mistake for 
" Darbie," and that the date on 5 should have been 1676. The octave was 
completed by the addition of two trebles, and the old 2nd, which thus became 
the 4th, recast by Phelps in 1721 ; but Phelps's new 2nd went to the furnace 
again at the hands of Pack and Chapman in 1779 The old 3rd, which had 
become the 5th, had already visited VVhitechapel in 1751, during Lester's 

Mr. Robert Allen, Churchwarden, caused the weights to be taken, with 
this result : — 




Old Bells. 
. qrs. 


New Bells. 
Founders' Weight. 
Cwt. qrs. lbs. 

8 I 17 

Weighed at 
Cwt. qrs. 

8 I 



















































I I 



1 1 

Mr. Osborne's bill for the whole was ^376 17^-. 6d. 

544. WOOL PIT .S. Mary. Tenor G^. Diam. 37 i in. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1844. 
4, 5 John Darbie made me 1658. 
6 C. & G. Mears, founders, London, 1855. 
Davy seems in this case to have counted from the treble. His notes are : 

1 John Darbie made me 1658. Thomas Hudson, K. C. (.') 

2 John Draper made me 161 6. 

3 S'ancta Jilaria ©ra l3vo i!?olu3. 
4, 15 John Darbie made me, 1658. 

" Great bells v." Return of 1553. See p. 122. 

545. \hJ OOLy ERST OHE S. Michael. i Bell. 

Bell. C. & G. Mears, founders. London. Recast 1847. 
I in 1553. Davy notes one bell inscribed " Miles Grave made me 1610." 
East Angliaji N. S. III., 112. See pp. 92, 117. 

546. WOR DWELL y^// Saints. i Bell. 

Bell. No inscription. 
"Great bells ij." Return of 1553. Davy, 18 Aug., 1829, "A small bell in 
a cupola, which I could not get to." See p. 2. 

547. WORLINGHAVl .-i// .W//A-. Tenor. Diam. 37^ in. 

5 Bells. 

1 U 52 U 86 AB 

Slnno Domini 1622. 

2 Anno Domini 1621. W. A. B. 

3 'Enno Domini 1608. 
4, 5 U 52 U 86 AB 


flnno Domini 162 t. 

So Davy, 12 Aug., 1809. " Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 
No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. See pp. 113, 114. 

548. WORLINGHAM S. Peler. 
Ecclesia dcstructa. No return in iSij- 


549. WORLINGTON All Saints. 5 Bells. 

1 ^crcutc Hulcc cano. THG P^GY. JAmGS GIBSOn 


I ^agloc ant) ^on ipounticrs Sougljljoro'. 

2 Robard Gvrney made me 1665. 

3 John Draper made me 1635. 

4 + Omnts : sonbs : lauDet : DOminum 


$ ^ai)lor anD Son .-jfounticvs iLougftboro. 

5 D I'jOHAnnGS : GODYIIGG i DG i LtGnUG ; 

mG i BGCIT. 

" Wrydlynton... Great bells iij." Return of 1553. 

Till 1850 there were four (as noted by Davy, 24 Aug., 1829), and the old 
3rd was inscribed "I. E. 1614 I. D." These bells are now the first five of a 
six. See pp. 7, no, 112, 132, 153. 

550. WORLINGWORTH ^. J/«;7. Tenor 13 cwt. 6 Bells. 

I, 2, 3, 5 Thomas Mears of London fecit 1804. 

4 Mears & Stainbank, Founders, London. 


In Memoriam 

Elizabeth Jesser French 

A.D. 1887. 

6 Cast by subscription A.D. 1804. 

Patrons : the Duchess of Chandos and Lord Henniker, 
Emily Lady Henniker. 

The Rev^. Charles Buckle Rector, Henry Cupper Samuel 
Wardley Church Wardens. Jn°. Jessup a sub- 
scriber Treasurer. Thomas Mears of London fecit. 

4 in 1553. Davy, 23 July, 1808, notes the 4th as like the rest, as I noted 
it in 1874. 
These lines are on Jessup's tomb (ob. June 19th, 1825, set. 80) : — 
" To ringing from his youth he always took delight, 
Now his bell has rung and his soul has took its flight ; 
We hope to join the choir of heavenly singing 
That far excells the harmony of ringing." 

The Tenor "Tolled xii Hours aho D. 1821 And A Funeral Peal Rang 
after as a Token of Hearthlt Grief At The Death of Her Majesty Queen 

551. WORTH AM ^^.S. Thomas and Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. T. Osborn Downham Norfolk fecit 1785. Cum 
Voco Venite. 
3 in 1553- 

552. WRATTING, GREAT, S. Mary. i Bell. 

Bell. W. H. 1625. 

So Davy. "Great bells iij. Sancts bells j." Return of 1553. 
Evidently WiUiam Harbert's, for the letters are those of JNliles Grave's 
larger alphabet. 



553. \NRATT\NG, LITTLE, S. Afary. i Bell. 

Bell, n 74 sanctorum D 76 more D 75 i"oDo D 76 
pulfo □ 75 la\ii)ii □ 76 l)onorc. 

Soljanncs tonne me fecit 

" Great bells iij." Return of 1553. One bell. Davy. 

Through the kind perseverance of Mr. Deedes this interesting bell has 
been added to our list. It is in a turret, and was long regarded as inacces- 
sible, and thus has received no notice in the Dissertation. In the medallion 
under the founder's name is a sitting figure, and on the opposite side of the 
bell is a design enclosed in a pear-shaped figure, point upwards. 

554. \NRENTHAM S. J^ic/io/as. Tenor G. Bells not in tune. 

5 Bells. 
I Thomas Gardiner fecit 1723. 

? (Pentacle) JOHH GDAI^I^ mADG THIS BGDEr 

3 Thomas Gardiner me fecit 17 14. 

4 Thomas Newman made me. Mr. John Bardwell C.W. 


5 C. & G. Mears, founders, London. Recast 1847. 

Thomas Girling Esq"". Church Warden. 
Davy, 31 Aug., 1809, notes the old tenor, "Anno Domini 1620 I B B." 
No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 4 and a Sance bell in 1553. 
See pp. 108, 138, 143, 144. 

555. WYVERSTONE 6'. (Pr^/^^^. Tenor. Diam. 36 in. 

3 Bells. 

1 U 52 (Arms of England with C. R.) Henry XJ Yaxle 

made me 1674. 

2 Tho. Gardiner fecit 17 19. 

3 U 52 thrice. 

-[- 61 ^etius Sill 0tctnc n 62 i3iicat iio0 l^ascua iJFitc. 

So Martin gives the tenor. Davy notes three. 3 in 1553. Seep 144. 

The shield between "Henry" and "Yaxle" is Vax/ej, of Yaxley, er//i., 
a chevron sa. between three mullets pierced, ^«. The family appears to 
have been of great antiquity. Henry Yaxley's bells are very rare, and of 
poor quality. I think it possible that some of the Horham bells are from 
him. One by him, bearing the family arms, is at Fritton, Norfolk. From 
his use of Brasyer's shield it seems that he may have been at work in Nor- 
wich. There is here a vacant pit, larger than those occupied. 

556. YAXLEY S. Mary. 6 Bells. 

1 Cast by John Warner & Sons, London, 1857. 
(Royal Arms) Patent. 

2 William Dobson, Founder, Downham, Norfolk, 182S. 
3, 4 John Brend made me 1658. 

5 U 65 thrice. 

+ Uirgo n Coronata D Sue n i^o^ D ^l> D J^fS"^ □ 


6 Thomas Draper made me at Thetford 1594- 
Celi solamen nobis det Deus. Amen. 
Davy, 17 June, 1809, notes the 2nd spht, and the 3rd, 'Firgo Coronata Due 
Nos aii Kfgua Urata. 

4 in 1553. On the old treble, T. Lester made me R. Jacob, D. Tripp, 
1746. Sperling (c. i860) "Tenor G." See p. loi. 

557. YOXFORD S. Peter. 6 Bells. 

I) 3) 4) 5 John Brend made me 1655. 
2 I. B. made me 1656. Richard Hayle. 
6 John Darbie made me 1685. C. R. 

So Davy, 17 May, 1806, No sale of bells recorded in certif. of 1547. 3 
in 1553. See pp. 121, 125. 

|nirc^^ |l!0mmitm« 

As the parishes are arranged alphabetically, and under them are 
frequent references to the Dissertation, there is no necessity for an 
Index Locorum. The Table of Contents renders an Index Rcruvi 

The names of Bell-founders and County Historians occur so con- 
stantly in the list of inscriptions that the Index contains no reference 
to either, save where they occur in the Dissertation. 





Atherold ... 

... 199 

Bayman ... 

... 216 

Atthills, by found 


Beacher ... 

... 97 


... 191 

mistake Althills 229 

Backet Thomas a 

55. 148 

Adams .. 

130, 171 

Ay ton 

... 232 


... 184 

Affleck ... 

... 1S2 

Belle van 

... 76 

Alcock, Bishop . 

. 87, 88 



Alderton ... 

... 250 





... 163 

Belyetere . . . 

... 61 

Aldrich ... 

... 232 

Backler ... 

... 183 


... 255 

Aldrick ... 

... 156 

Badham ... 

141, 240 

Bernard ... 

... 67 

Aid ridge ... 

... 214 


199. 245 

Bethell ... 

149. 223 


... 238 

Baldry ... 

... 164 

Bewicke .. 

... 171 


.... 192 

Banyard ... 

... 236 


.. 195 


9, 216 


... 187 


.-• 235 


4J, 181 

Barclay ... 

. . . 202 



Allen, 147, 168, 

185, 232, 

Bard well... 

... 258 

Billes 1 on 

••• 34 

240, 255, 256 


85, 86 

Bingley ... 

... 168 

Allrede ... 

••■ 255 


97. 198 


• • 237 

Almack .. 

... 217 

Barfoot ... 

.- 255 


... 217 


... 220 

Barker ... 51 

, 60, 159 


... 120 

Ambrose . . . 

... 172 


... 210 



Andrew . . . 

102, no 


185, 19S 

Blackburn, Lord 

... 46 

Andrews ... 

40, no 

Barnes ... 194, 

216, 250 

Blews and Son 

... 154 



Barrett ... 

... 97 


... 227 




... 196 

Blithe de ... 

... 14 


... 177 


... 179 

Blocke ... 

... 197 

Arnold ... 

153. 238 

Bartlett ... 

... 147 


... 231 

Arundel ... 

... 87 


... 46 


22, 60 


... 219 

Bateman ... 

... 181 


... 236 

Aspland .. 

... 138 


165. 192 


... 214 


... 162 

Ba.xter ... 

41. 43 


••• 93 

Asteley . . . 

... lOI 


... 71 


... 196 




Boaden ... ... 253 

Boby ... ... 238 

Boggis ... 171, 172 

Boldero ... ... 209 

Bond ... ... 251 

Booty ... .. 257 

Borrett ... i8o, 214, 238 

Botson ... ... 192 

Bowell ... ... 208 

Bowier ... 104, 116, 120 

Bracker, 62, 179, 248, 249 
Brakelond, Jocelyn de 

3, 17^ 

Brame ... ... 247 

Brampton .. 189 

Bramston ... 93 
Brasyer, 41 — 46, 48 (2), 

49—51, 60, Tz, 146, 


Brend, 102, 103, no, 113, 

115, 116, 121, 14S, 
- 187 

Brereton ... ... 127 

Breton ... ... 164 

Brett ... ... 160 

Brewster ... ... 194 

Briant ... 97, 154. 

Bridge ... ... 199 

Brightly ... ... 171 

Brook ... 178, 208, 224 

Brooke ... 34, 174 

Brooks ... 162, 204 

Bromey ... ... 165 

Brothers .. ... 2IO 

Broun ... 43, 74, 187 

Brown 162, 164, 170, 21 1 

Broven ... ... 164 

Bryant ... ... 189 

Buchanan ... 173 

Buckle ... ... 257 

Budaeus ... ... 84 

Bugg ... ... 160 

Bull ... ... 199 

Bulling ... ... 164 

Bullisdon ... 34 

Bunistead ... 236 

Banyan ... ... 121 

Burch ... ... 244 

Burford ... II, 14 

Burgess ... ... 186 

Buriey de ... 19 

Burney ... 129, 130 

Burrage ... ... 242 

Burssor ... ... 210 

Burton ... ... 243 

Bury ... ... 192 

Butcher ... ... 171 

Butts ... ... 195 

Buxton ... ... loi 

Byrde ... ... 72 




Cooper 159, 2 

160, 201 
[7, 221, 2^9 


... 38 


... 86 


... 48 

Copinger .. 

... 174 

Calver .. 

... 251 


... 198 






Sir Ralph 


... 225 

of ... 


Cornell ... 

... 194 

Camell ... 

... 171 


... 91 

Camper ... 

... 176 

Cornwall is 

19, 105 

Candlar ... 

... 215 


•■• 195 


... 38 



Caroline, Q 


... 257 


... 252 



2 '2, 221 


... 222 


... 173 

Crampin ... 

... 230 

Cartare ... 

... 26 

Cranmer ... 



109, 190 


... 163 

Carthew ... 

148, 175 


. . . 2J.4 

Casburn ... 

... 219 


... 130 


... 199 

Cromwell 40, 119, 2';2 

Caster, Van 

... 76 


... 196 

Cat on 

... 205 

Crowfoot ... 

... 211 


... 2C9 

Crystall ... 

... 240 


147, 182 

Cubytt ... 

... 232 


... 234 

Culham ... 

.. 218 

Cawston ... 

... 220 

Culpeck ... 

142, 1S5 

Chainley, alias Rainse 105 

Culverden, 37, 

38, 40, 79, 



... 218 



195, 196 

Cupper ... 

... 257 

Chandos, Duchess of 

Curteys . . . 

... 172 

150, 257 

Cutting ... 

196, 246 

Channell ... 

... 41 



150, 178 

Charles I. 

... 122 


Charles II. 

164, 2JI 

Charles VI. ( 

3f France 


... 241 

19, 20 


... 242 

Chaucer ... 

... 44 


... 90 


109, no 

Dallas ... 

., 214 

Chenery ... 

... 239 

Danby 48 

, 49. 51, 52 


. . . 206 

Danyell, 22, 2 

3. 25, 27, 

Chilton ... 

... 246 

34, 47 

Chirche 69, 

70, / 

I. 72, 73 

Darbie. 121, 122, 132, 134, 


... 244 



48, SO, 52 

Darbye . . . 

... 120 

Churton ... 


Darcye of Cheche, 

Clarence ... 

77, 236 


... 91 

Clark, 27, 


203, 209, 


. . . 240 

257, 258 


183, 236 

Clarke, 104, 


109, 210, 


loi, 233 

221; 242 

Dawe. 18, 19, 

20, 25, 37, 


... 244 


Clubb 183, 


246, 249 


... 127 


... 253 


... 253 

Cobbald ... 

... 251 

Dawson ... 

196, 229 

Cobbold ... 

... 217 

Day and Son, 

156, 164, 

Cobytt ... 

... 232 

16S, 169, 

183, 1S5, 


... 184 

214, 230, 

239, 241, 


217, 226 




Daynes ... 

... 161 


22, 106 

Dearesle ... 

... 221 

Col mar ... 

... 82 


... 194 

Cook 185, 


236, 238 


... 177 






Deedes, 132, 167, 




... 171 


Gloucester Sandre de 14 

de Grey ... 

... 182 


... n9 

Godard ... 

... 238 

de la Pole 

... 44 

Farrow . . . 

... 165 

Goddard ... 

•■ 253 


■■• 93 

Fawkes ... 

... 242 


... 162 

Denton ... 

... 212 

Felix S. ... 


Godfrey ... 

... 199 

Derby ... 

12, 14 

Fellget ... 

... 210 

Godynge ... 

7, 8, 257 


... 29 


... 231 

Golde ... 

... 107 

d'Ewes ... 

... 127 


... 180 

Golding ... 

i65, 234 


... 98 

Ferrand . . . 

... 246 

Goldsmith 145 

, 146, 226 


... 46 


... 84 


... lOI 

Dickins ... 

... 180 

ffeavyear ... 

91, 227 


... 228 

Dier 103, 104 

108, 177 

ffoundor 16 

18, 19, 20 

Gooche . . . 

... 218 

Dobede ... 

... 1S9 


... 196 


... 251 

Dobson ... 

... 154 


... 29 


... 252 


•■■ 255 


... 203 


... 209 


... 201 


... 1S8 


... 150 

Downs ... 176, 

217, 247 


180, 249 

Gowing . . . 

... 189 

Dowsing ... 

... i8i 

P'itzlewes ... 

15, 214 


... 38 

Draper, loo, loi, 

102, no, 


... 238 

Graye, 104, no. 

113, 116, 

III, 112, II 

5, 116 


... 246 

118, 119, 

120, 121, 

Drake ... 182^ 

197, 226 


... 180 

125, 133. 

134, 135, 


... 176 


- 255 

140, 141, 142 


... 180 

Fogossa . . . 

... 52 

Gregory ... 

... 47 


100, no 


... 71 

Green 95, 166 

203, 246 


... 197 


... 236 


... 120 

Dudley ... 

... 105 


120, 178 


... IDS 

Dulley ... 

... 176 


... 40 


... 166 

Durrant ... 186, 

192, 216 

Framlingham 102, 158, 243 


... 254 


... 120 

Franclin ... 

... 218 

Griggs ... 

... 174 

Dysart, E. of, 1 

50, 192, 

Freeman, 135, 228, 233. 238 


... 164 

200, 245 


... 257 



Freston ... 

.. 218 

Grim wood 

227, 250 

Frewer . . . 

... 163 

Guddine ... 




... 236 


... 178 



Gullifer ... 

... 164 


210, 230 


•■• 253 

Gurdon ... 

... 172 


... 244 


174, 212 

Gurney ... 

131. 132 


... 160 


189, 194 

Gyrling ... 

... 252 

Eayre ... 152, 

«53, 199 


... 199 

Ecclestone 149, 

178, 236 



Edbury ... 

109, no 


... Ill 


172, 173 

Edmund, King 

... 62 

Gardiner, 138, 

140, 142, 


... 127 


... 152 

143. 145. 

184, 204, 


••• 239 

Edward L 


233, 234, 2 


Hamilton, Duke of i8j; 

Edward HI. 

2, 126 

Gardner ... 

... 241 


• 255 

Edward IV. 

... 49 


. . . 209 

Hamond ... 


Edward VI., 30, 

52, 84, 

Garrard . . . 

171, 172 

Hanbury ... 

... 171 


Garrett ... 

»5.3. 214 

Hanmer ... 

... 188 

Edwarde ... 

... 232 


158, 182 

Hanney ... 


Edwards ... 

233> 251 

Gellius, Aulus 

... 84 


... 180 


... 246 

Genney 48, 49, 

50. 52. 72 

Harbert ... 

... 257 

Elizabeth, Queen, 

38, 80, 

George II. 

... 143 

Hardy ... 

... 120 

99, 235, 248 

Gerbertus Scholasticus 5 | 


... lOI 

Ellis 130, 215, 

223. 249 


III, 165 

Harland ... 

... 244 


... 228 


... 238 

Harleton ... 

25, 26 

Emerys . . . 

. . . 206 

Gibson .. 

... 257 

Harris ... 1 72, 

217, 223 

Kvered . . . 

... 229 

Gillingwater, 184, 193, 205 | 

Harvey ... 156, 

172, 220 

Everett ... 

... 202 


... 171 

Haryson ... 

... 220 

Evesham, Walter 

of 3 


250, 258 

Hasted ... 

. . . 204 


... 106 


... 70 

Haweis . . . 





Hawes, 169, 173 174, 182, 

189, 197, 230, 232, 


... 68 
109, 225 
... 29 
... 259 
161, 196, 250 
... 178 


Hawkes ... 





Headley ... 

Hebert . . . 



Henry I. ... 

Henry H. 

Henry HI. 

Henry V. 

Henry Vni 

Herbert ... 


Heyhaixi ... 


Hieronymus Magius 

... 221 
... 216 

... 156 

150, 2S7 

... 88 





... lOI 

••• 255 

... 197 



Hod son 
Holies ... 
Hollon ... 
HoUwell ... 
Hopton ... 
Horth ... 
Howard ... 
Howlet ... 
Hudson ... 
Huggan .. 
Hugh, .S. 
Humfrey . 

107, 246 
23, 24, 26, 47 
... 205 
... no 
... 210 

121, 132, 133 

... 221 

... 236 

... 238 

••• 235 

■•- 134 

... 91 

... 212 

152, 212 

... 179 

... 163 

... 212 

... 163 

... 243 

... 216 

... 256 

... 48 

... 236 


Hunt 171, 247, 250, 251 

Hurnard ... ... 241 

Hurry ... ... 186 

Hybard ... ... 218 

Hyell ... ... 197 

Hynes ... ... 194 









acob ... ... 259 

acquemart ... 89 

ames II. ... 134 

ames ... ... 193 

armin .. ... 217 

a.xe .. ... 215 

ealous ... ... 211 

efferys ... ... 195 

eftVey ... ... 242 

efrey ... ... 163 

enings ... ... 211 

enkins ... ... 130 

ennings ... 132, 212 

ennison .. ... 176 

entylman ... 233 

ermyn ... 184, 188, 193 

ernegan ... ... 91 

essup ... ... 257 

etu"" ... ... 216 

ewell ... ... HI 

ewers ... ... 226 

ewle ... ... 246 

ohn V. of Portugal 143 

ohn XXII , Pope 8/ 

ohnson, 2, 77, 145, 196, 


ones ... 224. 241 
ordan, 23, 25, 26, 27, iS, 

29. 30. 31. 32, 34. 37. 

47. 94 

oselyn ... ... 208 

owars ... ... 177 

ulius II., Pope ... 40 

Kebyll ... ... 36 

Kecble ... ... 238 

Keen ... ... 251 

Kennball ... ... 203 

Kembell ... ... 210 

Kemp ... ... 25s 

Kempe ... ... 255 

Kenyon ... ... 177 

Kerington ... 156 
Kerredge, Kerridge, 

230, 231 

Kerry ... ... 159 

Kersey ... ... 183 

Kett ... 105, 215, 222 

Killett ... ... 172 

King, 194, 203, 212, 223, 


Kingsbury ... 171 

Knight ... 142, 147 

Knox ... ... 197 


97 Lanchester 




97, 98, 














Laud. Archbishop 



40, 41 








.. 148, 





le Kous 






Lester and Pack 




e, 8, 60, 


, 73. 


113, II 




154. 193. 





Li ft on 





Bishop of 




















:: 48 


. 52 

Mackay ... 
Maggs ... 

Mallyng ... 
Mals:er ... 
Manchester, Earl of 
Maning ... 

Mannock ... 















141, 209 

146, 228, 232 











Meadowe . . . 200 

Meadows 223, 255 

Mears ... 150, 151, 154 
Mears and Stainbank 154. 

Mechel ... ... 164 

Meller ... ... 229 

IMethold ... ... 236 

]Mevtas ... ... ic6 

Michel ... ... 39 

Middleditch ... 217 

Middleton ... 178 

Midson ... 201 

Mildmay ... ... 90 

Millard ... ... 93 

Mills ... ... 217 

Milton ... i2f, ijS 

Mirrld (sic) ... 198 

Moody ... ... 1 49 

Moore ... 71, 130, i8.i 
Moore, Holmes and 

Mackenzie, 63, 154, 
203, 233 

More ... ... 254 

Moreto ... ... 209 

Morris ... 39, 75 

Moseley ... ... 223 

Moss ... ... 158 

Mothersole ... 215 

Moyle ... 48, 50, 52 

Mudd ... ... 100 

Mulliner ... ... 192 

MulJinger ... 210 

Mumford 196, 212 

Munns ... ... 226 

Murrell ... ... 220 

Muskett ... ... 91 


Needen ... ... 229 

Needham 48, 50, 52 

Newcombe ... 152 

Newman, 29, 135, 136, 137, 

.139, 141, isi 
Newport ... ... 255 

Newstead ... 177 

Newton ... 147, 210 

Nicholson ... 220 

Noone ... 93, 233 

Norden ... ... 226 

Norman ... 43, 194, 210 
North 37, 94, 108, 152 
Northampton, M. of 105 
Norwich, Sir John de 218 
Nottingham, Brasiere 

de ... ... 41 

Nunn ... 201, 234 

Nufhall ... ... 00 

Nuttall ... ... 216 

Nutting ... ... 1S5 



Oakes ... 217, 222 
Odyngton, Walter of 

3, 4, 5, 6, 154 

Okes .. ... 222 

Oliver ... 151, 2^8 

Orford ... ... 183 

Orwell ... ... 225 

0.sborn ... ... 155 

Osborne ... ... 250 

Osburnd ... ... 238 

Ostler ... ... 173 

Ottewell ... ... 167 

Owen, 104, 105, 106, 108, 


Owers ... ... 219 

Oxnedes, John of ... 2 

Pack ... 149, 150 
Pack and Chapman 151 

Packard ... ... it;9 

Page ... 130, 172 

Paley ... ... 157 

Palmer ... ... 227 

Pannell ... ... 235 

Pargeter ... ... 94 

Paris ... ... 3 

Parker, 3, 106, 163, 170, 

184, 217, 222, 228 

Parlet ... .. 212 

Parr ... ... 105 

Parsley ... ... 212 

Parson ... 169 

Parterick ... ... 255 

Partridge .. ... 202 

Pascal ... 77j 174 

Pascall ... ... 78 

Paston ... 44, 48 

Patrick ... 153, 203 

Peach ey ... ... 219 

Peake ... ... 164 

Pearson .. ... 252 

Peck ... ... 250 

Peddar ... ... 251 

Peek ... ... 241 

Peele ... 147, 210 

Perfey ... 88 

Perrers ... ... 12 

Perry ... ... 198 

Pettit ... ... 199 

I'eyton ... ... 67 

Phelps ... ... 1^8 

Phillips ... 160, 180 
Pigot 48, 49, 51, 52, 72 

Piicearn ... ... 172 

Plampin ... ... 224 

Plant ... ... 239 

Pleasant ... 140, 141 

Plot ... ... 20 



... 184 

Plowden ... 

... 52 


... 201 


... 220 


159, 180 


195, 196 


... 50 


... 228 

Postle ... 

... 234 


... 179 


41, 43 

Pouiter ... 

... 219 

Powell ... 

. . . 202 


... 71 


... 240 

Preston ... 

... 40 


... 247 


... 163 

Prockter ...- 

... 165 




... 68 


... 22s 

Quivil, Bishop 

Radcliffe ... 

... 84 

Rainbird ... 

... 209 


... los 


... 196 


... 197 

Randale ... 

... 199 

Ransomes and Sims 146 

Rant ... ... 218 

Raven ... ... 214 

Rawlinson ... 6 

Ray ... 176, 232 

Rayment ... ... 173 

Read ... ... 219 

Reede ... ... 199 

Reeve, 193, 197, 201, 202, 

204, 214, 215, 216 

Reniger ... ... 52 

Reve 72, 73, 69, 70, 72, 95, 


Revel ... 10, n 

Re veil ... .. 192 

Revett ... 168, 1C9 

Reynolds 17 1, 229 

Rice ... ... 158 

Richard II. 19, 20 

Riches ... ... 193 

Richmond ... 207 

Rickit ... ... 231 

Rider ... ... 9 

Riping ... ... 161 

Ripyng ... ... 60 

Riston ... ... 8 







... 168 

Slater ... 

.. 130 



... 192 

Smith, 60, 130, 167, 169, 

Roberts ... 

151, 160, 195 

171, 181, 182, 


Tallant ... 


Rod well ... 

... 170 

Smyth. 68, 97, 99, '180, 

Tamplin ... 

... 195 

Roff.rde ... 

... 14 

181, 199 

Tapsell . . . 

103, 104 


... 158 


- 93 


153, 236 


••■ «73 


.. 162 

Teverson . . . 

... 205 




.. 90 


... 160 


... 176 

Spaiding ... 

130, 66 

Thomas of Canterbury, 




.. 188 

S. ... 

... 148 


... 165 


.. 178 

Thompson 40, 

156, 211 


236, 244 

Sparrow ... 176, I 

99, 211 


... 236 


14, 162, 179 

.Spencer ... 

.. 152 


... 224 

Rous 14, 

182, 232, 233 

Spenser ... 


Thornton 140, 

142, 159 


... 251 

Sperling, 161, 169, 189, 

Thruston ... 

... 205 



202, 204, 224, 226, 

Thurkill ... 

... 70 

Rowley ... 

... 236 

244, 250, 259 


91, 227 


... 247 

Spicer ... i 

8g, 255 

Tippell ... 

... 239 

Kufford ... 

14, 15 

Spilling ... 

.. 130 

Toller ... 

... 165 


... 14 


.. 192 

Tollemache 192, 

200, 245 

Russell ... 

88, 223 

Spmluf ... 

.. 160 

Tomson .. 

.. 195 


185, 189, 205 


.. 232 

Tonne, 41, 78, 7c 

), 80, 94, 


... 19 


.. 188 

95> 97, 98, ' 

100, 102, 


■■ «53 

Stahlschmidt, 8, 10 

II, 12, 

109, 258 


... 40 

14, 18, 19 20, 

22, 23, 


... 79 

26, 37, 61, 6 

2, 108, 


132, 223 

109, 133, 147, 



... 166 



.. 151 

Topsel ... 103, 

104, 181 

Stanard . . . 

.. 205 


... 131 

S., H. ... 

67, 68, 69 


.. 195 

Tottington, Samp- 


148, 175 

Stanesby ... 


son, de 

3, 172 


••• 239 


.. 151 

Trimnell, Bishop 


Sallows ... 

... 197 

Staples ... 

.. 194 


... 259 

Salmon ... 

... 211 

Starlinge ... 

.. 120 


... 192 

Samson . . . 

60, 202 

Stebbing ... 

.. 168 

Truston ... 

... 218 

Sampson ... 

... 210 

Stedman ... 127, I 

28, 130 


... 252 

Sancroft ... 

■•■ 193 

Steggall ... 

.. 228 


... 29 

Sandiver ... 

... 221 

Stephens ... 

.. 139 

Turner ... 

212, 222 


•■• 243 




... 174 


... 252 


.. 46 

Tweedy . . . 

. . . 209 


169, 184, 248 

Stollery ... 



- 233 


... 108 

Strickland, Bishop 


Tymms ... 

... 85 


. . . 209 


.. 216 


41, 79 

Scolding ... 

... 163 

Strutt ... I 

66, 225 


... 194 


II, 97, 148 



Tyssen, 34, 37, 49, 62, 77, 


... 122 


•• 133 

79, 98, 109 


... 158 

Stubbin ... 

.. 202 


... 189 


24, 26 



38, 89, 105 


.. 172 


... 181 

STuteville. Stutfilde 



... 127 
9, 14 

Sheffield, Lord .. 105 


.. 94 

Ufford, de 


... 130 

Suckling ... ] 

79, 227 



Shelford ... 

.. 228 

Suffock, W. de. 

9, 14 


... 179 


... 189 

Suffolk, A. de 



... 171 

Sudbru ... 

... 196 

Sheriffe ... 

... 246 

.*^udbury ... 

... 81 


Sheringe ... 

... lOI 


... 84 


... 214 


.. 233 

Vacher ... 

... 201 


... i65 


41, 248 

Ven'oe, Van 

... 75 

Simpson .. 

. . . 246 


- 193 

Vergil, Polvdore 

... 87 


... i7i 


... 209 

Victoria, Queen 

... 155 


... 192 

Sylverne ... 

.. 217 

Viollet le Due 


Skytte ... 

... 206 

Sylvester 11., Pope 



... 172 









... 91 

Woolner ... 

... 223 




... 214 

Wade ... 


-, 177, 236 

Weston, P, 


10, II 


... 120 




Westley ... 

... 226 

Wright 36, 173, 

210, 233 


151, 207 

Westrop ... 

... 192 

Wulf.ed ... 



... 91 

Whaites ... 

■■■ 243 

Wymbis ... 

.. 167 

Wal grave 


White ... 


176, .98 



Walker ... 

. . . 206 


225, 252 


... 31 

Wallace ... 

... 217 



VVynier ... 

... 93 


, A. 

de 8 

Wigson ... 

. . . 204 


... 156 


... 199 

Wigston ... 

... 229 

Ward ley ... 

... 2Sl 


223, 241 


... 186 

Willett ... 

... 169 


Warner . . . 

162, 206 


70, 216, 217, 

Warr^-n ... 

191, 217 



... 238 


... 94 

Wilshere ... 

... 199 



W'aters ... 

... 94 

Wilson ... 

194, 237 

Yaxle Yaxley 

... 258 

Watson . . . 

... 218 

Wimbis ... 



... 162 


152, 153 




... 196 

Waylet ... 

... 179 




... 167 

Waylett ... 

141, 142 

Wingfield, 90, 94 

214, 242 


... 219 

Waynflete, Bishop 1 8 


• •• 93 


... 194 

Wood ... 

... 171 

Weekes ... 

... 160 

Woodard . . . 

... 167 



.. 231 


198, 250 

Wellum ... 

... 24? 

Woolley . . . 

... It)4 


... 252 

Walton ... 

... 198 



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