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Full text of "Toronto, old and new [microform] : a memorial volume, historical, descriptive and pictorial, designed to mark the hundredth anniversary of the passing of the Constitutional Act of 1791 which set apart the province of Upper Canada and gave birth to York (now Toronto) . . ."

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Toronto, Old and New: 


Historical, Descriptive and Pictorial, 









Men Who Have Made or are Making the Provixcial Capital 

G. Mkrcer Adavi, 



(Toronto : 

The Mail Pkinting Company. 


Tm; Mam, Hiu.dim.. 'rititnNrH 

KnliTL'd acionliliKl" llii' Acl of III 

I'lii-lianu'iit of Ih.' yrardlic tllnll^^ml .iKliI liiindivd hikI niiicMy-onc. by TiiK Mam. I'niiliiiK C-iiinimiiy 
l.iniiU'il), in thi'Dlllcoiif tin) Mililati'l- of A|,'rii\llliirr. Olliiwa. 

rHK>i« or Thk Mail Joh THrTlsu Ck. il.I'l.t 


'IIIC KKCKNT phenonunal j,'rowlh ami tin.' marvellous dcVLlopiiKiU of the trade and industry of 
Toronto, together witli the increasing attraetions of the eity both as a place of residence and as the 
metropolis of the Province, have led the Proprietors of Tin-; Mail to prepare a work of a somewhat 
amhitious character which shall deal with the chief features of its local history and civic life. 'I'he 
work which now a|)|iears. it is hoi)ed, will prove in some measure worthy of the occasion which it is 
designed to commemorate, namely, the completion of the first century in the synchronous annals of 
the Province and its Capital, 
hough the scope of the volume, as its title indicates, is limited to Toronto, Old and New, the work 
eriy lays claim to more than local support. It does so for two valid reasons; hirst, because the annals 
' citv. as we all know, begin, run parallel with. and. to a large eMent. are really those of Ontario ; and. 
llv, because Toronto, from its metropolitan character, has now become the focus of the Province, and 
people in all parts of il take a live interest in its affairs, look to it in the main for their intellectual 
■nance, and feel a just pride in the status to which it has attaine<l and the promise of greatness which 
still before it. How large a space Toronto tills in the records of our young ( 'ommonweahh. few even of 
ti-^ens stop to think. Take its history out of >he chroniile of the n.itional life of Pritish Canada iTid 
much of political, induslri.d. and so< ial interest udu'u be gone. What is true of the national is true also of the civic annals 
of the Provincial Capital. Let any old resident recall the successive aspect of things in the local ernironnient of his life, and 
how much will he have t<> tell in the city's praise. lUit Toronto is not only endeared to us by the history of the past, and by 
the associations which cluster round its social ai.d civic life. It has a real and practical |>resent day mtercst. which grows with 
every year of its corporate growth as well as with every stride in its industrial and commercial ilevelopment. Nor is the story, 
important as it is in its material aspects, without its human interest ; for behind the money are the toilers who have made it, and 
within the institutions, factories, and' warehouses are ihe forces of brain and muscle that make for its acli\ities. .\or ha\e 
these forces alone found development in the fields of industry and trade. Other and higher lields have enlisted their service, 
and to their beneficent operation the city owes much of its intellectual and moral advancement. 

Of these various matters. Toronto, Old niiJ Nfit: endeavours succinctly but graphically to treat, .\iming at being a 
thoroughly representative volimie, it deals with most of the various forces and activities that have made Toronto a vast com- 
nierci.d emporium, a great railway centre, the literar) "hub" of the Dominion, the Mecca of tourists, an l-^piscopal and .\rchie- 
piscopal See, and the ecclesiastical headcpiarlers of many denomiii.itions, the seat of the l.iw courts, the ProviiK ial l.egislatnri', 
the imiversilies. colleges, and great schools of learning. \\ hile it has given prominence to trade and commerce, and dealt 
with the banks and other monetary institutions, the loan and insurance companies, and the mamifactories and larger importing 
and tr.uling houses, it has devoted no little of its space to the v.nious professions, setting forth their rise and growth in the 
community and given some account of the men who have risen to eminence iii' them. Interest in this, as in the other 
biographical departments of the work, it is hoped, has been enhanced by the gallery of portraits; while the historical and 
descriptive sections have, it is believed, been enriched by the many views of the streets, churches, villas, residences and public 
buildings which the volume contains. 

The ilesign has been to make the book an important .uul pleasing exposition of the principal phases of Toronto's com- 
mercial and industrial as well as social and iiUellectn;d life, and, if possible, ;i worthy tribute to the genius ;md nation-building 
iiualities ol her toiling sons. In carrying out this purpose the present writer gratefully acknowledges his indebtedness to the 
Proprietors of Tin- M mi., to whose enter'iri .e ;nul public spirit any success the volume may meet with will be entirely due. 'To 
the Rev. Henry Scadding, I). I)., the vener, ble chronicler of Karly Toronto, he is particularly beholden for the introduction, 
tthi( h, coming from so interesting a source, will doubtless be specially valued by the reader. 

ToROMO, Dec, y, i8yo. 


iNTROI.ri ,10N, IIY THi: RiA . HkNRV SCADIIINC, 1 ). 1 >. ...••■■ 

Ch.w. I. I'm- liKcMNSiNc;s oi Tokonto ..•••••• 

" II. THK U. K. I.OV.M.lsrs AND IMF. KcHNUlNi; OK IHK 1'kOVINCK . . • ■• 

" III. Events which I'reckdko the Foundim; ok York ..••■• '3 

.. IV. The Future Cnv in Simcoes Day anu at the BwiiNNiN,; ok ihk C'en.urv . . . i6 


" V. York I)urin(; the War ok 1812 ..•••••• 

" VI. The Reoimes ok CIovernoks (;ork, Makiianp, am. Couiorne . . • • 25 

II Yll. iNi iiRi'ORAliON OK Toronto ..••■■' 

" \I11. The Reheei.ion, to the Union ok the 1'rovinies ...•■• 

" IS.. The Union, the Railway Era, and the Fenian Raiijs . . • • • 

" X. Confederation and Civk ICxpansion .••■••■ 

II XI. 'I'HE Toronto ok Today ..•■■■■■■ 

" XII. Some Asffxts ok the Modern City ..•••••■ 

" XIII. Toronto, Tofoouai-hicai, and Descrii-tivk ..••••• 

" Xl\'. The Public Men of the Pkovinciai. Caitiai. ..•■••• 

" X\'. The Denominaitons and Their I'astors ..•••■• 

" X\T. The Law t.OuRis and the Legal 1'rokf.ssion .•••■•• 

" XVII. The Healino Art: A Chapter Ahout Doctors . • ■ • • • 

" X\TII. Edulaiton and Its I'rokessors ,.••■■■ 

" XI.X. Art and Music 

" XX. liiK City's Homes; Those Who Own. I' or Hiii.d Thkm • ■ ■• 

" XXI. Real Est.\te, and Those Who Trakku in It . 

" XXII. Commercial Toronto, and the Chieks ok Commerce ..•■•• 
" XXIII. Industrial Toronto, and the Captains ok Industry . ■ • • ■ 

" XXIV. Financ lAL Toronto: Hanks, Stocks, and Insurance . • • • 

" XXV. West 'Toronto Junction and Its Activities .••■■• 

Index ok Suhjeits and Names ..••••'' 








■■•jVv • 





THIC \ OI.UMIC here presented siiiijilies the reader with a lively picture of the devclopiiient of a city from its first germ 
to lull eflloresceiice, a consiimiiiatioii reached in the comparatively brief space of less than ten decades, destined it 
is hoped to he maintained perennially by theconlimied "Iiuhistry, Intelligence and Integrity" of its inhabitants in all 
time to come. There is im,i a city, town or village of the Province of Ontario which might not, had the proper 
precautions been taken years ago, have a like record of itself. 

The fault has been the non-establishment at in early period, of a i)ioneer and historical society for every county of 
the Province, associations of intelligent |,crsons taking a real interest in the first foundations of settlements, zealous to collect 
and put on record minute particulars relative thereto. In the absence of such societies important document.s, plans and diagrams 
of much local interest arc continually lost, and characteristii' narratives and anccilotes of enterprising men wholly into 
oblivion. Something has been done in the direction of forming such societies In the Counties of V'ork, Peel, Wentworth, 
Welland, and Lincoln, but it is important that the practice should become general throughout the Province. ICvery city, town, 
and village would then have it in its power, from lime to time, to report progress in regard to itself in as (ileasing and satisfaitory 
a manner as the Capital of the Province is enabled to do in the present volume. It is singular to observe in the works which 
some years .ago were much in vogue, descriptive of ideal commonwealths and cities, that amidst all their arrangements, a 
provision for the maintenance of a standing record of the kind suggested is lacking. In a land like this, where in the future 
new communities are likely continually to be coming into existence, on more or less ideal principles, care should be taken to 
supply the omission. 

The .New World has been a field for making many expei.ments, having in view the material and moral advan<'emcnt of 
mankind, from the days of the Jesuits in Paraguay down to those of loseph .Smith, at Nauvoo, and Brigham N'oung, at .Salt 
Lake City. Unfortunately, extravagances characterize many of these efforts; fanatii ism, superstition and a subtle though 
unconscious selfishness have led to failures which it might be supposed every reasonable man would have foreseen. On the 
other hand, where the more moderate priniiples that usually guide ordinary mortals have been followed, as amongst ourselves 
and other off-shoots of the ISritish stock on this continent, many examples of a very fair degree of success arc to be met with. 
Ill this category, loronto may be cla.s.sed. 



riiil.hic l|ilii.i, \\ .i^liiiif;lnii .iiiil mini |il.ii ^^ 111 llu- I iiilid Sl.ilr^ li.ivc lii'ili 1.11(1 iMil lioiii llii lK>;iniiiiin in .k i iM'd.iiii c 
«ilh i(lr.ili-.lii SI liciiii-.. I'lir sy^li'inatii- rrniil.irilv llir^r nlii ^ \miiiIiI iinrt willi ilir .i|i|ir.i\.il nl imii I.'.iiI ll.n mi iir Sir ' 
Mnir. Iiniii ;i iililit.iri III iiiiiiU III' \ii-w, till- ri'Mills li.ur lifill siiHiririilly i;ilisLni(iry. Ill)^l^ll, ;iiii| sniiir nl llir iilliiT iildrr 
liiwii^ (il till- I nil HI. r.iiiii' i I III I liciiii; I .isii.illv. lis il Hill-, .111(1 s| lie. 1(1 ..( ,i i r.iiii|ii'il, i i!( iiiiim rilicd inil dl .i u,i\, ■.(iincwliat alliT 

;;i--r.II AcMIV I'.VKI.V l\ Mil I'Hl'.sKM C'r,siiir\. 

llic iM.iiiiiir (i| llir (ilil w.illiil IdUii-. ,11 niss llic .\ll,iiili( , ,iii(| till II l.ili'i iiiIimIhI.iiiN Ii.i\c Ihcii |iiii In iiiin li liniililr iiiiil (AptiiM- 
in iivcn oiiiiiin r()iisc(|iiuiU iiicomcnicnits, rnnii miiiu- iiI' wliii li tlu-y .ire mil c-iiliruly rncil lo lliis (l.i\. In ( '.iii.iila, lliiru lia\L- 
l)ccii c\|)friL-n(rs ( f a similar ijiaraclir. riinuijili llic i in iiiii>tancc^ of lluir nriniiial (li_vil(i|iini.iit, l,liiiln( , .Mnnlrial ami cM'ii 
Kinn^tdii art- all iikmc (M Ii>> allVdcd in tin- dirci limi .mil (lmll■ll^illll^ nl llicir itirtls, and asM-siiiniiK lor llic mcdiiil >tr,ii);lil 
ivniiigs ami iiilarjicniLiiti li.ivu licavy. Our inixlL-rii \\'iiini|ii-ns, r.r.iinldiis, KcjiiiKiN and ollnr liinuli^ dial an- In In- 
lifrcaftcr in nnr 'jriMl N'nrlli West, will dniiliilrss |irnl'il liv iliiir .i(i|iiaiiilamc with llic |),isl nl' llicir rider ( imi si^tl■r^, and lit- 

saved Irniii mmimI {iiililn im niueiiieiices in tlie lilliiri'. 
Ila|i|iily Inr rnrniitn, tlie town was Ironi llii- 
lirst l.iid mil. like riiil,idel|ilii,( and Wasliin^'lnn. in 
ae( nrdaiK 1- witli the tluoriis nl the i(le.lli^t■^, and II 
has s( ar( cly an)lllln^; In (direit in il-> i^emial 
j^rniind |il.iii. wliii h siiii|ily nl a |iai"allel(i 
;;r.iiii divided iiiln |i.nts li\ straight streets, mnerally 
si\ly-si.\ (eel In widih. rimniliH cast ami west, traversed 
liv straiuhl strei-ts nl alimil tin- same width, ninninn 
iinrlli and sniilli. Its site .i « idely-iAteiided, giiitly 
s|n|iill>; |il.lill adillilled nl lllis. .111(1 llnlll the tillle nl 
its lirst |jrnicetlnll. III I ;(>.>. nil .1 very inndist s( .lie 
li.ird liy the niitlel nl iheKivir linn. In the |ireseiit, 
v^lieii. thrmij^h .i |in|iiilniis siiliiirli and a park, the 
liiiinirK lilt i;ilt nl the late .\Ir. Ilnw.ird, its liiirders all 
lull tniK h tin- lliiinlier. sniiie si\ miles weslw.ird (if 
the slartinn 'point, the nerni-idca nl tin pl.K e not 
lieeii materially departed Irmii. Om llinroii(.;lilare 
iinrlli and south was staked mil mi the rnrmitn |ilain, 
smile lillv vears ann, ol the e\( iplional width of oiii' 
Inindred and thirty two feet, Imt grave persons ol the 
".Si.KK.iv Hollow," c:ollR(.k St.. Kksiukm k ni llns. J. Ii. k ssns. period shook ihcir licads aii<l iironounecd the nolinii 


i-\lr.i\. 1^.11 II .mil iM M \ isK 111,11). It 1 1. IS I I II I II III iKi'.-., Ill \rHlnli ,^, 1 1 I.I I ihi^ I 111 Ml Mijililiii r is :i tiii 111 V. ;ilii 1 In null li is mil i uli 
siiliriil iiiiH IS lirilin iiiulliilin rs|ii ri.ilK mil iil llw «.iy Inr ,i sIutI «liii li seen is likil) In In 111 ill,- liiliin- I 111' ,i\is of ■rorolilii, ils 
llividinn lillr llllii r.lsl .mil \m si. I 'llLunlinilili- In lllr |iii llir<si|llr .1 , is lln- |,illi|iiMnilll ;irr.lll^rlllilll nl ^Irrils ill ihriiu, ill 
|ir;irliri' .1 unnil nl iiii|in ssimiuss iiIii 11 
irsiilis ilii'irlniiii. .mil I U'li lii'.'iiily, sii Imi^ 
as the roailujvs .m- uiili- ;iiiil iIr- lniililiii); 

lilts ciMllillllr In III- --ILH inns. [•illc 
air sri iiii'il. ,mil in 1 rrl.iiii Im alilirs llir .may 
III' I'lilliriill.llllr Irslilrllii. i nlllill^ III i|lllrk 
slliri-ssinll nil linlll siilis is a si^lil i]llllr 
plrasaiil In sir. I In- liri- 1 iirniils nl piin- 
air. Inn. wlii' li lliis an,mj;riiiiiil |iciimiIs. ami 
llir r.ii ililiis uliiili il alTniiU loi a j;iinil sVs 
Irlll nl siui rs. ,Hr |iiiillls III ils l,nnll|-. 
■jliril ril\ |il.mmil Mnlii llir I M-f;illllillg nll 
iili'.il lims. ijii- .is llii ir riilirs 
ll.Ur illilrasril ll.lM' ^lliiull lIlrlllsriMs wril 
illi lilliil In j;iM' snlilr |il.l) In llii- in 
■ ris|Mrls. rill ir 1 liiin lu-s, Im 
l'\am|ili-. li.iM- liirmm m r\ iiiiinrrniis, ami 

l|llilr slllll|llllnlls. JTnlll sIMT.ll pnillls nl Osi.nllNI IIaII. nil SI.Mnl nil I,,\U I nlillls. 

vii'tt, llii' sky liiif is a^;ri.falily \.iiii'il liv llir spirLs, Inwcrs, ^.ihlcs, Uirrcls and piiiiiailcs apprrlainiii); In lliisr, wliilf, liulinv, tlic 
liiiildinns lliriiisflvis an- innsl nf tliiiii fiiind spii iiiicns (if style and siilistanlial niasnnry. with tsU-nsivc ;;rniiiids siinninidiii^ 
tliili) in si'M-ial iiist.iiHvs, l.isli I'lilly plaiili il ,iml Lirrl'iilK krpi ; tin- rliiin li ilsill iniisislin;^ mil iiirnly nf a sniitary tniiplr, as 
fmiiRTly, Inn nl a iliisli.-r nl' ap.nliiunts nr li.ills. all nl llii-in rriiilcn-d ncix-ssary iiy tlif i\i)^iiii irs nl' lln- 1 linn li lilr ri\iMil 
i-virywiiirc in llusi- days si linnis, li-iiurc innins, rlass-rnmiis and lilirarics, In say nnlliili^; nf appliam is in sniiir nl lliiin Inr 
till- iiinrr rmiMiiiiiil liirni^liili); Inrlli nf ai 1 iplalili- niiinilaiir n rrisliiiiiiils In l.irnc snrial g.illicriii|4S nll lislivi- ni casioiis. 

.\naiii, Irniii till- lAlianrdinary ninllipliialinii nf viry liciiililiil n-siik-nii-s mi every side, rmiiiil ami in llw Inuii, it is eviileiit 
that a liiull ideal nf a ri'lined dniiieslie life is present In tile iiiinds nf a iiiiiiiIkT nf llie inlialiil.inls. liiil .1 leiidemy In the in aiinllur ilinrlinii Ills nf l.ite y, Mrs p.nlii ill. irly .isseilril itself, in llie dililii r.ile pnlliiin ilnwii nl li.irriers and ihrnuiiiL; 
open In the piililii \ iew the ninvi's and niher nrnaiiieiital siiriiiiiiidiiij;s nl priv.ik' resideiiees. .\ l.iiiilaMe desire is ihiis shinvii In 
cmiie lU'.ir In llir 1 nmlilimi nf a perfei I eniiiiiiiiniu-. Hherein iiinral deleiiees siifliee Inr the prnlei linn nf prnperly. and ilnplieil 

I niil'iilriirr Is piii in ||i,- ( i\ili|y am! ;; I will tii nci^liliniM ^ and llie piililii al lar^e. In pi. in liniisrs and l.iy mil ;;rniiiids hniii 

the very lirsl sn as In 1 nnfnrni In the new pr.irliee is iinw. as a miller nf lai I. quite 1 ninnimi. .\ll this is 1 lieeriiif^ as evideiiie nf 
sneial prnnress II likewise 1 nlilrihlltes In the (general gniid appe.iraiiie nf the tnwil. .Mre.idy a 1 crtain niilile air nf spaeimisness lieeil ;;iuii In lliiirmi;^lifares ;md 
In the urniiiids linrderiiif; nii tliein, an e fleet 
prmnnled aisn liy the modern fasliinn nf 
linnliAardiii:;. 'I'lieii a;^aiii. sirnll rniiiid .mil 
iiispeet the edlie.itinnal insliliilimis nf the 
plaee, frnin the l.'niversities and llepartiueii l!,lalilisliiiieiil dinvinv.ird. and see linw 
many Iiiinds there are in their internal and 
lAternal arr.mnenieiits and their respei live 
.■nvirnnmelits. wliiili iiinre ill. 111 1 miir up in 
the inianiniii^s and hnpes u\ llie nid speeiila 
live writers mi sueh siilijeels. Or Ui the 
lieiuvnleiit iiistiHilinns he \isikd, the linspi- 
lals, .isyluiiis, refiif^es, hniiies Inr the ymmn 
and nId, and let the f^eiieral ronininess and 
pleasantness nf eaeli he iinted, nr \iii In the 

ToldlNlll rNlVF.KSirV, AS SKKN IRO.M 1 UK VOI.e NTF.Fks' MoM'MP.M. 

t /x/7x()/>r(//(>.\. 

\H\tU ^(1 .l|i.lll Inr .llllKlli s|liills ,111(1 H.lllU's, In lllf |i.irk^, lllc >;li>Ullil-. .lllnllrd In llli lllilu^ln.ll r.\lllliillnli |ilir|in-,(^, nr Inl lllf 
rin niir.ij,riiu 111 nl lint lii iiltiiii' ; ni (lrn|i III nil .1 ■.iiMiiy il.iv .mil llurr ,iri' ,i niiMl in.iiiy MM li in llll^ n.ulnii .ill llir Miir miiiiil 
at iho hanks. ,il tin- jiI.k t> nl" l)ll^j|K•^s iif llii' wlmlcsali' iniTili.iiils. ,n llu- nlliio nl thr l,iij;r l.iw liiins, .ii iln- i liaiiiln-is nl the 
jinlni's .11 • )sj;nnclr II, ill. nr al I 111' f;ri'.il print iii};, Is ilun.' nni .i I infill, .iir\, iilcil .is|i(i i .ilimii iluiii all, as suiii .il tin- 
prcsi'iit Imiir in llicir I luHiicss ? Aii' then- iii.inv |il,ii is wlurr llir iiinllirnrni ,ill.ins nl nun .irr iMirii-il nii iniiKr 
rnnililinlls innrr l,ivnlir,lllli', nil llu' wllnir. In ll,l|i|iillrss. IumIiIi, anil Ullnlll nl il.l\s? Tlu' L'\r(|ilinlls In tllr rule wllii ll « ill 
111 iiir an- lriii|iniMry, anil till) arc riipijjinn tin- .ituntinii nl llu- |irn|i(r |ursniis. riinr i nint limisrs nn ililfrnnl silis h,uc 

llci'll set 11 111 I'nl'nllln illllill^ lis lirU'l' IlislnrV, IWn III' llliill .ll i.inilnllril ami llll' tllllil .llinlll In lit' .1 1 i,l III Inlll 1 1, lint nil .U innlll nl 

ilri av, Inn I mm Ii.imiih lici miK' ill ,iil,i|iliil In llii- »,iiits nl .i r,i|iiill\ jjinHin^; i nmnnmiu. \ Iniirlli, nl iliinmsiniis .mil rapai ilv 
snitcil In tlir I il\ anil rniiiil), is ,11 |insrni imilir rniistriuiinii. In likr m.miur, .11 Ir.isi ihrn- scis nl |i,irli.iiiuiii.ny Iniililinns 
liavi' liiiii sitii lurr. alsii on (lifrircail sites. A Ininlli will, ere Inni;. In- rculy Inr nn u|i.ilinii. 

.\ii iiU'.i III llll' lu'.nily .mil i|ii;nil\ nl tlusr i-ililii is iii.iy lir i;,illunil Irniii eii^iMvin^s In lii- sicii ilsiuluir in llic pam's 
111" this \nhlinr. This silirrssinll 111 hllilllillUs Inr pilhlir plirpnsi s is , ill nlll»,iril , mil \ isihli' si^ll nC the niplll prn^rrss nl ihc 
roiinlrv. .\s In llic IcimiiIs vvlin Imni liiiiu In liiiR-' prnplcil llu- liiiililiiijjs thai have p,issiil nr are aliniil In pass aH,i\. ami 
lilleil llieir rh.imliers ^ .iml sin. ill uilh a liiisy lile, tlie jiiilnes, sluriHs. iii,ij;islr,ili's, |ile.iilers, jiimrs, ,illnrne\s nt tile niie, the 
iegislalnrs, exeeiilive 1 ninii illnrs, lii'iilcnant gnveriinrs. sl.ili'siiieii, riiiam iers, nrators, ami variiiiis nllii iai riinitinnaries nt llie 
(itlur nf these we h,i\e nn rnnlil here In speak. They ennu' within the purview rather nl snine Ini ,il assori,iiinn eslahlisluil Inr 
the piirpnse nl siu h in,ilUrs. I ,el llieii these reiii.iiks he 1 Inseil Willi ,1 reileMtinn nf ihe ilni trine llie\ si.irliil willi. there 
(illglit In he ill every i nilllly nf the I'nniiue. a I'inneer anil llislnrieal Smiety rnrineil Inr the piirpnse nl' enlleilint; and 
preseriiii); 1 haraeterislie sayinL;s. dnings, dress mil deineanniir nl' the first rDiinders nf setlleineiits and eniiiiniiiiilies aim must us. 
Slirh sneieties will nei Msinii.illy he Inimd 1 niivenieiit siippi, nielli s In ilie nriliiiary re};islry nlliee. While the l.ilUr preser\es Us 
minute reeord •>( the division and siih ilivisinn nl the soil, and nl the Ir.iiisrer nl' pnrlions of Us siirl'.iee Iroiii hami to hand, the 
former will often preserve the ineinnry .if nien who, hy ihe sweat nl their lirnw, earned the first implement of iu,irkel value for 
that soil, who snmelimes at an e,U"ly perind lier.ime nrn.iinenls nl ilie ai res whii li iliey tilled. f;r.ii iiij; their lespeeiive neii;liliiiur 
hnnds with I Iers nf high eMellem e and ;.;re,it usefulness, and .iiignieiitiiiL; the lair lame nf the 1 nuntry at l.irge. 


lANAliA I.H K A'M'UAM K III' I l.l'l SC. KfM'. SiKKKI WkiiI. 


rui', iiianwiNcs oi' iokon ro. 

Four Kouii.i.f I'lii.AK. 

'roKONio i\ Mkih.kvai, Timks. -Thk I'oimhm; oi ink \'i;\v UOui.n. Tm. I'rkn( h anii i'hkiu TsorAN Aii.iKS. — 
"I'liK I'ass iiv ToKONio." I'm; i;x i kkmisaikin ok tiii-. HiKdNs. Oihkr Tuaiis hi riii: W'km. ICaki.v 1'kknch 

A I >V KM IKK IN IIIK ONIAHIO I'KNINsI I.A. I'OK r Rolllll':, nil. I'uKM ll TKAIilNci-I'llM. I )l.SI KIC I ION OK TMK 

1 1 IC\ (■i\ ili/alion first seriously invadL'd the sanctuaries of Nature in the region of what is 
now the fair City of 'roroiito, tlie startled onlookers were a floek of wild fowl and a 
(■nii|ile of families of ilie Cliildren of the Wood. At the time we speak of, in tli ■ 
lieaiiliful basin of Toronto Harbour, if we except thi' noiseless movements durinj; the 
hours of day of one or two Mississ;iga Indians, solitude reigned supreme. When the 
sun went down even Nature became still. .\s night fell upon the siene, the pines 
ceased their n.oaning, and nought was heard save the occasional splash of beaver or 
mus(|uash in the waters of the forest-screened harbour, or the cry of the wood-duck as it 
took (light for its evening haunt In the recesses of the wood.s. Hut the year 1793, 
whi( h we are aicustomed to speak of as that of the founding of the capital of Ontario, 
was what may be called the nie>!ia;val era in 'Toronto's annals, for the place had an 
earlier history. 'This history is spread over the fateful period of the dominion of f'rance 
in Canada, in connection with her commene with the Indians and with the thrilling 
story of the Jesuit Missions. 
Ilie early years of the seventeenth century were big with enterpriM' and M,;:'hil of results lor the American Continent. 

Maritime adventure then sought on the .\tlantic the field which had hitherto been monopolized by the .Meiliterranean ; the 

New World for the first time saw a fringe of colonies fa.sten upon its coasts. In 1(107, X'irginia was coloni/ed by Sir 

Walter Raleigh; in irio.S, Champl.iin foundeil (,)uebec. and in the following year New \'ork was settled by the Dutch. 'I'o 

these settlements, in i6jo, was added that 

of .Massachusetts, after the historic landing 

of the I'ilgrim I''alhers. from the I'reiich 

col<iny al (,)uebec came the first attempt to 

penetrate the Conlriunt, though the Dulih 

soon made their wa\ up the Hudson, and 

established a trading post at Orange (.Mbam ). 

New N'ork State at this period was the lair 

o!' the Iioi|uois, while Canada, in the m.iiii, 

was the lumling ground of the .\lgou(|uins 

and Unrolls. The .\lgon(|uins were scat- 
tered along llie banks of the St. Lawrence 

and the ( Itlaw.i, while the home of the 

Hurons or W yandols was the country King 

immediately to the north of Toronto and 

skirting the waters of the lake that bears 

their name. Iletweeii the Hurons and their 

ileadlv enemy, the IriKpiois, lay the Neutrals, 

a nation that with the Huron tribe the coii- 

f .'deracy of the Irixiuois was ere long to wipe 

out of existence. In 1615, Champlain, with 

his Jesuit fi.llowuig, made his eventful voyage IIoKrieci.rcKAi. Gaiu.kns. 


lip till- ( )U.iw,i. rro>M-(l l.:iki- Ni|ii-.>in,;; .mil |i.iil(lK-cl dnwii tlic livm h RiMr iiil.uiil ■-iii ol' tlu' W v.indijt^. wliirh lir Ma Di^iicc. I )i>(iiuliiii; the (' li.i\ 1k' i.iim- ii|inn the rmiiitry nf tlu- lliiniii,-.. .iinniiL; whnin tor \\ tiuiL' 
he taniod. 

Here, ill whiit is ikiw knnwii .i^ the M,ileheil.i-.h I'eniliMil.i. the lll.nk Rnlies. who \\m\ aeroiiipjiiiecl .iiul preredecl 
Chaniplaiii. liegaii their evaiiueli/iiii; wmk. and set up the nl" the Cliiireh in the wilderness. This iiitriisiiin of the " pale 
fai'es " intn the territory (iC the W'y.iiidots was repiriled I'lrst with curiosity. Iiut suliseciui'iitly weliuiued, in the hope that their 
new loiind I'riends wciiild lierdiiu' their allies in the Hiinm r.iid^ upon the Irmiiiiiis. In a weak limir to this ( 'haniplain 
I nn~enled. .ind I'lir ne.irlv a hundred .md lil'ty years the c-olmiy nl New I'r.inre w.i-. to p.iy the hitter pell.ilu. I'rnin rarryinj; 
the ( 'rnvs into the wilderness t 'hailipl.iiil .iiicl hw lollouers uiidertonk lo r.irry the .in|lleliil->e and the torch into the he.irt ol die 
lroi|uois eonl'ederaev ; and joinini,' his Hurnn friends he speedily appears aiuon}^ the .i|ipalled tribes of the " l-'ive Nations " in 
jilittering armour. This heedless foray eost him and his nation dear ; and to the lluroii trilie it brought ruin and desolation. 
What retriliulion fell upon the Hurons no pen ean in its full horrors portray: .md there is scarcely a chapter in history that 
oilers to it an adequate par.illel. l''or the space of a generation there arose an internecine strife so cruel that one's blood curdles 
to read the record, .\ '. it a cmillict not cnnfmcd to s.iv.iges ; its bloodiest wiirk was wre.ikcd upon the I'reiich. The 
poor Jesuit missioner made the sport of fiends, for no de.ilh seeiiud too terrible to glut Inniuois lust of blond. ( )n the 
errands of hell, season after se.ison. c.mie b.mds c.:' ilu- l'i\e N.itinn Indi.ins. .md in their path through llu' forest iii, irked "the 
pass l)V Toronto" with the scorchings of Iroiiuois h.ite. 

\ 1^11 MaNKI- 1. TnHciN lo, 1 Sj I . 

It seiius but a b.ileful dream lo stand today by the mouth oi'llic lliiiuber. now almost a suburb of the great i ily. and 
retlect by > |ilacid a waterway the Spirit of \-.\\\ then sent its emiss.iries lo Hork sui h li.iMic. It is iiearl> two hundred and 
fifty years slme these tragic days ill the histor) of ( '.iiiada, but how few are there of Toronto's holiday crowds on the llimiber 
who think lo what scenes the present safe and pleasant waters, which connei I Lake ( )nt,irio with Lakes Simcoe and Huron, 
then led. It was a time of fe.irful trial to the |)oor hreiich missioner, a time of uiiredei'ined barbarism ami savagery. \ ain 
and fruitless were the efforts he and his order put forth lo convert and civili/c the aborigines. The missions the Jesuit had 
come to plant among the Hurons were consecrated with tears and watered with his life-blood. Through years of unparalleled 
toil, and with great agony of soul, the hopes of the fathers were alternately raised and crushed. Despite their amazing fortitude 
and unquenchable zeal, the hopes of the mission were doomed to destruction, and the heart of Kaith was humbled in the dust. 
In a lime of such peril to both priest and convert there was sore need of a Comforter, 'The Comlorter came, but in the form 

/'///•; /1/U;/.V.\7XGS of /■i)h'0\TO. 7 

111' llu' fiiiin Irc«iunis iMiriiiiiKilii)-, uilli lii^ nali\r loiiKili.nvk .mil iIil' iiijlili Iih k (il' llu' Miilcli. In i(i.(,S tlu' mk-h iliil likI 
ilrt'M lUMr, ;iiiil In ilic rlj;inirs ol' llu- lolldwiii}; wiiiu-r wi'iv .iililcil tli(»c ol llic .^laku aiiil.lln.' Imc li. It is ((iniinitiil ill. a wltliin 
tin- spaif (il tliirlv wars ihc wlmlc Huron iialiuii, iuniilii.Tinn about thirty thousaiul souU. s.ivf a small i()iiliiij;i'iit llial isc apLcl 
lor suiciiur to (^)iiil)cc, «as riilliicssly i'\t(.rmin,Util. 

.\ lull M'ori' of \oars passed by. I'roni tlir pi-riod of this N\u World " h.uryinj; ol' lhi_- North." till we a,t;aiii iR'.ir of 
KrL-iuh aihcutmv williiu |iro\:iiiiati.' raiific of Toroiilo. With what devastation the regions north and west of the Huniher had 
been sw|)i l>\ the Iroiiuois. the narratives of I'renih e\ploiatioii abun<lanlly bear witness. ( )ii the maps of tlie period the 
ominous word->. ihUwii lir/niilv "tribes eMerminated " repe.itedly oeeur. and tell their sad of woe .mil desol.ition. l!ut 
l''reiiih enterprise w.i-i now t.iken up, not v\ith e.irryinj; into the wilderness the standard of the Cross, but with bearing aloft the 
Hciii-de lis of the ( rowii. The annexation ol territory and the e\tension of trade were now the aim of I'renih i hivalry. -id in 
pursuit of its objeil il met the jarring hostility and eeaseless rivalry of liritain. Keen and prolonged was the coiitesl for 
supremacy on the lontinent of the New World, and we know how it eiiiled. The story forms the brilliant episode in 
('.inadi.m hislorv. and deeks the n.ition's Walh.illa with an aiueola of fame. 



fi ." 



I.vsoim; I'l.vei. AMI \\ II Mil . ToK.iN ro, i\ 1S41. 

lint, beside^ "tlu' pass by Toroiuo." .ind that by the w.itirs of the ( )tt.iw,i .ind Lake Nipissing. there were other a\enues 
lo the north ami west wlm h hrench e\plor,ition and the pursuit of tlu' fur trade soon opened up. |usl bevond l''ort I'rontenai- 
(now Kingston), at the e.isteni end ol \..\Vk- Ontario, the l!ay of (,)uinte gi\es aecess to the Trent Ki\er ,ind tlu- line of water 
and p^rt.ige eomiiiunii-.ition which connects Lake Ontario with Lake .Simcoe and llu- Cieorgi.m IJ.iv. 11\ this route Ch.impl.iin 
and his Huron raiders m.ide their h.ipless dc cent upon the lroi|uois. .md li\ the same route, the gre.U I unc, uoimdcd 
and ilispuiteil. w,i> lain to return for sympathy ,\iul succour to the missions of tlu' Huron I'eiiinsula. I!\ this w.iterway also, 
or by till' highw.iy of the Ottawa, the hrench trapper or missionary would lind his toilsome w,iv to the L'pper Lakes, and the 
rich mines of Lake Superior ; for alre.idy the wc.ilth of the region ilividcd with the mis-ion at S.iult Ste. M.irie the 
hopes and aims of hrench ev.mgeli/.ilion. 

.\s yet, liltleof the peninsula of Ontario was known lo the l''rench : in.iny ye.ivs were still to pass ere il began to 
be reclaimed from nature and the savage. In (626 Kaillon, a Reeollel friar, ventured from the mission torts of the Huron 
ilistricl as far inland as the be.uer me.idows of the Ciiand Kiver and the Thames. l'ourtce:i years aflerv.ards came C'haumonot 
from the same mission on ,in of love to tlu' tribe of t'e Neutr.ils. ,ind with him Urebieuf. "the .\ia\ of the Huron 


Tin: i''i:ai\M.\i:s of 11)^0x10. 

I'hlNKi.K^' I'ollAi.l:, KMIIKUIon (iuoiMi 

^li^^l()l1^.'■ wild ;i ItH vtMis hilcr wii.sto tliiill iIr- World with 
llic licniiMii iif his marlyr iliath. l!m a new iiiiim- was now 
to 1)1- finhla/oiicd cm thi' scnill ol' I'rcmh cxpliiralioii ; lor in 
the year i(i6y, the fa(,'cr-eyed I. a Salle was to descry for the 
lirsl time Nature's lovely solitudes at the /'W </«/,((-. as the 
western end of Lake Krontcnac (Ontario) was termed liy the 
h'lviich. Ten years later, the adventurous voiinn Ndrinan 
loiind his way to the month of the Mississippi, and rolled up 
the curtain of I'reiich domination over the south and west. 
\\ ith I. a Salle on his earlier expedition was the Sulpician mis- 
sionary, (lalinee. whose map, published in l-'rancein 1670, is 
the e.irlie-t chart we possess of the ronlignration of the Ontario 
peninsula. Cialinee. who seems to have been an enthusiastic 
sportsm.ui and fond of good cheer, speaks of the interior of 
the peninsula as a famous stalking-ground for deer and, he 
grimly .iilds, "a bear-garden of the Irociuois. " 

full of disaster as was the rule of the i-'rench colony at 
ij^'.';~ ■;.-? Z'~\^' V ■•• -'T"«'^^^^^^!'*B^BH^(|^^^^^B '^'uebec. there was time when hope beamed on the fruits of 
p.'""^'-' •'-^'% i-ti . •-^.'.■^..-•—an.'''; -i'r .^^^^^^^ f'rench exploration and settlement in the West. The daring 

and ambition of the young I'rench /lo/i/fsse nothing cculd 
ilauiu ; and their enterprise laid the foundations of that trade 
which led to the partial opening u;> ol ic later province of 
L'pper ( '.iiiada. though it was ever and anon retardeil by the 

rivalry of the ICnglish of the seaboard. In pursuit of the fur trade, that great source of wealth to the people of both 

nations, these trails to the West became avenues of commerce which it was important for the French to hold and for the 

Knglish to obstruct or strive t ) obtain. 'I'o conserve the trade for the I-'rench crown, a number of forts were early established 

in the West, which hail 1-roiiteiiac (Kingston) as their base of supply. .\s trade expanded and rivalry grew keener, l-'orl Rouillc 

(Toronto) was erected in 17411 to guard the jiassage by the River Unniber. This stockade received its name from the I'rench 

Colonial Minister of the period, .\ntoine I.ouis RouiUe, Count de Jouy. It stood on the lake shore, about midway between 

the (iarrlson Creek, at tlie western entrance of tiie li.irbour, 'id the Humber, and m.ay practically be spoken of as the first 

germ of the City of Toronto. Through the iiistriimeiualily of the Rev. I )r. Scadding, the venerable historiographer of the 

city, a memorial column has been erected to mark the original site of the l-'ort. It stands at tlie south-west angle of the 

Kxhibition (irounds. near the 

exit to the wharf. 

On the south side of 

Lake Ontario the Trench had 

already a fort at Niagar.i. while 

the Knglish had established a 

rival post at Choueguen, now 

Oswego. The Mudson and 

the St. Lawrence were then. 

as now, in direct antagonism 

in the matter of trade. Com 

merce sought the most 

tageous market, and llu' re 

slrictive imposts of the Trem li 

at (^)uebec, and the high jiriics 

there of conimo(lities iilTend 

in exchange for the prodiu is 

of the chase, threw much of 

the tratflc of the Indians by 

the valley of the Moh.iwk. 

into the hands of the Ivnglish. 

'This naturally embittered the 

feelings of the Treinli for their 

hereditary enemies of the sea- 
board, and gave local zest to 

the contest which was long 




Wiigod l)t'lwi.'i'ii ICiigland anil I'Vanrc lUit llif end of the ^tritV' lii'twci'ii tliu Iwd nations was at hand, and lhc)iii,'h the rival 
routes of trade were still to lie foiinht over, I'reiich doniinion in the New World was to pass into the hands of the l",n};lish, 
and the lilies ol I'lanee were to (;ive way to the Cross of St. Cieorjje. lint jusl liel'ore this ha)>|)ened, ealainity overtook the 
four trading posts on Lake Ontario. 

In I 756, Chouegiien fell liefore the darint; of .\lontiahn. ;Mid three yea.s afterwards Colonel liradstreet levelled lort 
KronteiKie with the dust. In the same year, after a short siege, I'ort Niagara surrendered ; while the l-'rench stockade at 
Toronto, to prevent its falling into the hands of the vietorious ICnglish, was riestroyed liy order of .M. de \'aiidrenil. the 

Of the iniportanee of the tradnig post which guarded " the pass by Toronto," and which now historically disappears, 
there is on record the statement of Sir William Jolinstm, enil)odie(l in a despatch on Indian afl'airs to the ICarl of Shelhnrne, 
that for the monoply of a season's traile with ine Indians at I'ort Roiiille, could the post be restored, traders would be willing 
to give as much as a thousand pounds I 

Such was the value attached in 1767 to the trade of "the pass by ToroiU.o. ' a value which its location and other 
advantages were increasingly to heighten, anil a quarter of a century afterw.irds was to be turned to fresh account. 


Tin-: c. K. i.ov.M.isrs .vnd ihk kolndino ok iiik i'I<o\inc 

.\ N'l-.W I'.UA 111- Col.OMAr. HisKiKV in AmIKIC a. ICvl-.NIS WIIK II I I IP 10 IHl; WaK 01 iMilM'I.NIiKNCi;. lis lUTKcr 

I'l'ON Canmia. Till. .\Iakini; 01 Tdkom-o. Thk S.vlrihii.s or thk U. V.. l.(iVAi.isr>. Tin. I!kawn am> .Misii.i: 

Ob' THK NkW S|;| n rMIMS, ToKONK) KI'.CKIVKS thk U. I'^. l.OV.VI.ISl.S AND I)l.sllANl)i;i> SollllKKV. 

\'I'A rs were now about to bring into greater prominence, not only the historic "pass by 
Toronto," but the region through which the Indian trail led northwards to the waters of Lake 
Huron, the virgin .site of 'Toronto itself, and the beautiful harbour that lay near to the 
southern outlet of " the I'ass," the reeili'o\ered delta of the Ilumber. T'rom the Tall of 
(Quebec and the period of the <lisinantling of T'ort Rouille, a generation in the haunts of men 
was to |iass aw.iy ere we again hear of Toronto, or see sign of renewed life and activity in 
its neighboiirhoo<l. Nature was fast resuming its sway over the place, and the little clearing 
round the trading post was again being gi\en uji to solitude. .Meanwhile, the drama of life 
was proceeding elsewhere, and ihrougb the scattered colonies of the continent there ran the 
pulsations of a i|uickeneil e\istence. The previous chapter ended with thi' close of Trench 
rule in Canada: this opens with a new era of (olonial history in .\merica. T'.uropean 
settlements in the New WorM had hitherto 
mainly been lor trade ; now they partook 
of the character of, and felt the desire to be, 
a nation. 'The days of great privileged com- 
panies, with their huge land grants aiul re- 
strictive monopolies, had passed, and the 
ties, commercial ,inil political, between the 
Mother Country and the colonies were al- 
ready being sundered. Ilritains dream <if emprise over the New World had 

been fully realized, and the trading-classes of the " tight little sea-girt isle" 

threw up theii laps when she became mistn-ss of the Western Continent. 

Hut while she had bravely coni|iiere<l, she could not wisely hold. Her wars 

in the Old World had financially crippled her, and she looked to the New to 

have her coffers relilled. .Nor was the desire altogether unnatural. The 

public debt of l''.ngland had been piled up largely im account of her colonies, 

and it seemed reasonable that with their growth and prosperity return should 

in some measure be made to the Mother Country for what they had cost her. 

Hut how and in what shape was this to be returned to her? To lay heavier 

duties on her own imports would be to ta\ herself, not the colonies. To 

lay them on the colonies, Lnglish statesmen never dreameil would lead to 

revolt. To tax the carrying trade was first attempted, and when thi.s wa.s 

SiiKHiioi'KNK .SrKKi-.r MKniiUiisr CiiuKcii. 


/■///•; r. /'. /.OY u /\7s .i.\7> ■/■///■: rorx/i/xn oi- the /•roijxck. 

kirlM.ll M. iv.i'N iMnifcl w.'> tlun 

l.l\L(l. Ullt .I-' lillK' U,l^ lhl^ ll'lisluil 

n-' tlu' |irn|iiiM(l lull r.iiici'lKil 
Sl.mip All, \\ Innk plari' ;il llif 
I'dii 111' ^lll^Ulll and caiiii.' ul' il. 
ail- tun well kiniwii iinw til lakt' up 
sp.uc In iMi|iiiii.' inlii. Willi lluir 
hirlliriuhl l!rili>li rnlniiisls li.ul in 
luTitcil lirilisli lilnTlu^. anil l'iili>li 
lilicrlii^ iniik ill wiili la\iil Ua-.. 

liul lulnli.' We- luin lhi^ pirlllli 
t ) llic wall. Icl iiN ioiik a lillli.' closir at 
till.- cnllapM.' Ill' llic ciilonial syslcin in 
Aiiiuiica. and m-c ilN ilVn 1> w\rc 
iipim Canada and Imw rornnln laiiu 
tllorcliy In 111' tlu- ;;ainir. A iiinlilli 
after llic lapilul.itiiin nl' .\l()iilri.'.il. 
Cicorgi.' llu' Sli'iiiuI was gatlKTrd to his 
fathers, as the historians niiniitil\ 
thronielu, in the seventy-seventh year 
(if his life and the tliirly-fniirth of his 
reifiii. Mis paue went nne ninriiin^'. as 
'rh,irkera\ lells iis, in Like him his rnval 

C'nk.NKK 01 IjlUUi-ll AMI .Mil IKU .'-lUI.KTS, L.v MM, 

ehnenlale. and, behold ! the ninst relii;ioiis and graeiniis sovereit;n lay de.iil on the llnnr. The intraelaliU- h who suiceeiled 
him took the administration of affairs into his own hands, and thoiiu'h he made a mess of things on this continent he was not lai king 
in eourane. and. when liis mind was clear, wiiuld lirook little iiUerleiem e from his lounsellors. hut ( leorjje III. was iiiiskilled 
in diplomacy, and liaviii}; his own he.idslroiij; wav. he brought hiiiiiili.ilion on lirit.iin : and alter the l.ipse of some vears a 
pitil'ul malady tell upon him.self 'I'he periml of what is known as the " King's Minislrv." extending from i7'>,S to ij.Sj. coveis 
the eventful era of the War of Independence, in which the colonists of the New World, resenting interference in m.iltcrs of 
trade rrnm .idinmi'-tr.ition^ in London, .iiid leeling liberu imperilK'd bv tlie .lggres^ion^ of ilic ( 'rown. threw off 
allegiance to lirit.iin and founded the government of the United Stales. 

liiirke's magnificent plea for cnncili.iiinii bnre iin fruit, and the eliii|ueiit w.irnings of l'n\ .mil ( wire w.isicil on 
the insnleiil I.nrd Nnrth. I'or a time ISritish arms met with their wonled successes, and the hopes of the young n.ilinn were 
far from being el.ited, .Mnnlgniiicry fillen at (Juebec. and liurgnvne had iienetraled frnm the St. I.awrince to the Hudson. 
(■a|)turing the stronghold of 'riconderoga 1 V the w.iy. Hnint and his Indians wiae c,ur\ing terror through the \'.illi\ of the 
.Mohawk, while New \'ork and the lower IIiiiImiii were invested bv the lleet tA I.nrd Howe. I!ut while the we.nv \e.irs of the 
unnatural cniillict passed, fickle I'nrtiuie to ch.inge. .ind the I'.iles to smile on the .inns n\ the \'nuMg kipiiblic. '{'he 
Royalists met with reverse .ifter reverse, until the end i .line with the surrender .it Saratnga of (leiieial lliirgoMie, and at 

^■orktown of Lord ( 'ornwallis. \i( torv linallv 

resting upon the ( 'nntineiital arms, .\merica 
achieved her independence and was formallv 
admitted into the category of nations. In this 
she w;is no little assi^lcd by lirilain's heredi 
l.iry mciny. I'laiue. whiih nation on the 
surrender of Kurgoyne. not only hastened to 
ackiic viedge the revolted colonies, but sent 
,111 "v to aid them in their struggle with 
the 111111111) fne. Hut the capiliilalinn of the 
lir: s,i generals w,is not merely the capiliila 

' it an .iriuy. it the Mirrcnder of hall 

of Ihitain's hold upon the New World and 
withdrawal from the best part of a inniinent. 
To the loyalist "the lost cause' was Inighteil 
with evil, for to him and his il brought woe 
autl desolation. \\ ilh the success of the col- 
onies came persecution and the lossof propertv. 
Then was accepted voluntary expatriation with 
its trials and privations, and the sad experiences 



of i-\ili' in tlu' wildcrrK'ssi's oC ('an;iil.i. W'l- lucil lianlly |iiiini dui ilial llii^ (.Apalii; 
siciulI In the " iiKikiiij; (il I'Dronto." 

Much has Iicl-ii writtt'ii alxmt the L'liili'd ICinpirc l.nyalisis. cm \\w oiiu hand 
Inwards the- nfwlM)rn Ki'|uilihc, and nil lln' olhiT, in well < [iiaise ol' Ihi-ir Idv 
is, that they made (;reat and iindiiiilitid saeiiliees in aliandnninj; their hdines and \k» 
Slime lit tlieir detraelors ha\e gone 



aliiin had its ha|)|i\, thniigl 

1 as yet ihstanl, 

in (hs|)aranenient iil' their 

hiistile attitude 

aliv Id the lirilish ( 'rmui. 

( )iir iiwn v iew 

-sessions I'cr a dnmieile lind 

er tlie Old I'laL'. 

the length iil' saying thai their devo- 
liiin to the House of lirtinswick had 
not the merit of lieing even a senii 
mental one that they were aelii.ited 
liy inerienarv motives; liv party al- 
liance with the administiation that 
had provoked the war ; and hy a 
spirit of Tory hostility to the Whigs, 
who were ojiposed to coercive mea- 
sures towards the colonies, liut this 
is surely an extreme and an iml'air 
view of the matter, and a lihel on 
the memory of these patriots. I'.irtv 
feeling then, as now, no dotilit ran 
high, and faction was almost certain 
in ,1 great issue then pending to have 
its followers. Hut rebellion was a 


Dai F. .VvKMK, Koskhai K. 

" Elii 1 iKK-.r," UosKiiAi.K, AMI Ari'KOAi n ro Tin; Nukiii Ikon Uridiik, 

serious alternative ; ;iiid with men who loved the Old Land and reverenceil the Idag, to renounce the one and lie untrue to tlie 
other was a step they might well he excused from taking, however impolitic may have been the course of British administration, 
and uiiji'it the measures forced upon the colony. 



( )n till- iitluT li.iml, it m.iy lir .iski'il. wltl' iIutc iii>I cmi'^si's iiidiiljji'd in li\ thr |i;nli> ,■.-. ol llu- Ri|iiilili(' ; ((nrliiiis 
eyes lai 1 im tlic possessions iii' true men nnd li>yal eiti/eils, and taunts ;>i)d jilies tlirnwn at tliose who were known to look eolilly 
upon the sureesses ol' the (dionists in revolt, and who lo\ed the land ol their birth and honoiired the home ol' iheir kindred? 
It wiiiild not lu' diriicult to prove that this was liut too cruelly the ease, llalilmrton, in his " Knie and .Misrule of the lainlisli 
in .\iuerir,i. " .il'liruis that "tarring and leatlu'rin^;. and other aits ol' personal oulragt. became so coiuuion in .\lassa( luiselts, thai 
all ^llspcl led p.irtis.nis of the Mother ( 'oiuUr\ were olili';cd to seek relujic with the lroop^. " .\nolher authority s.iys : " I could 

.idduce instances ol idudiicl in Loyalists that would do honour to 
hiuuan n.iture ; but there is one which I caiuiot pass over, bec.iuse 
It shows with lirmiiess men will act when tl'uy are conscious 
that lheyha\e taken the right side of a i|iiestion. .\ lort was reduced 
by the .Xmericans on the Kiver Savannah. an<l such of the loy.d 
niiliti.i as were in garrison there the alternative oll'ered them of 
iiilisliug with the .\uieriians. or being put to death, .\niong the 
l.oy.dists was a young man who desired a few minutes to consider 
tlu' proposal, and alter a short pause he resolutely answered that he 
preferred de.ith to disgrace, on which accoimt he was imnicdi.itely 
cut down." 

liut, whatever the actual facts an<l however varied the motives kept the l.ovalists from vielding up their I'ldelily to thiir king, 

I )| II .'M . .\M1KKW > C'MUKc II. 

there can be little (piestion as to the hardships thev 
endured in abaniloning their e-.i.ites in com- 
parative civili/ation for a home in tin- inhospitable wilds 
of the trackless forest. I'ew of their •limber, it mav 
be. who, for the sake of a principle, had the c (iiirage to 
prefer instant de.ith rather than be untrue to their ion- 
victions : though many are known to have taken their 
I'hances of life or death with the liritish troops in the 
varying fortunes of the war. How many after the close 
of the ( onllict preferred expatriation to living in a 
country that had won inde))endence through rebellion, 
history is here to attest ; and these were the men who 
were to form the brawn and imisi le. the niinil and heart 
of the new settlements of .Vcadia and Canada. True, 
the Loyalists rei'eived large gifts of the soil in the new 
land to which they had come, as some compensation tor 
their losses ; but these grants were such as anv class of 

.., 1 1 1 Cl 1 . I 1.' lU.OOR SlRI K.r DAI'I 1st ClIlKCII. 

settlers would lie likely to receive unikr any politic 

system of inmiigration. And as to the money appropriation by the C'rown on their behalf, in view of what work lay before 
them as pioneers of a new and unopened country, ;uid deprived as they were of almost everything their previous toil had 
secure<l to them, no generous mind will cavil at, or say that, considering their need, it was not richly their due. 

With the peace of 178,^, which the I'reaty of \ersailles secured, bands of Loyalists entered Canaila from various points, 
and settled ill the neighbourlKjod of Niagara, round the shores of Lake Ontario, up the liay of (Juiiite, down the St. Lawrence, 

EVExrs WHICH I'UF.cF.nF.n the PouNnrxc of yokk. 


;in(l 1)V Wiiv (if Dtiniil, :ilim(,' tlu' l>.lllk^ cil' tlif St. Chiir and tlu' 'riiaiiu-s. In llic \'„\s\. tlurc was aKii considrralili' scttKniiiit 
in (li^iral)li- loralions "i \c)\a Siotia am! Niw lirnnsHJck. Of iIuim' that I'ntiri'il Canada by llu' \ia^;aia Rivir, not a li» wrrr 
to find tliiir wav rinnid till- liiad of l.akr Ontario to Toronto, acconiiiain'iil liy contingrms of disliandcd soldiery from tlio 
town of Ni-wark, which, on thr di\isioii of tin- (oinilrv into the- I'rovinirs of Upper and l.owir Canada, was in lycji to licconio 
tlu' Ic'Miporarv rapit.d. This I .oyalisi immigration coniposi-d lor the main part of the m.dilli and upper classes in the 
eomnuinities lliev left ilasses that thoiinh well to-do were accustomed to hard lahoiir, aci|iiainled with Imsh life, familiar 
with the work of the farm, and possessed of a courage and endurance which, often put to the test, wen- to prove the best 
(|U.dities for a pioneering life and the gifts most needed for siilidiiing the wilderness. .\s has been said of them, no portion of 
the liritish possessions ever re( eived so noble an a<iniisition, for they brought to Canad.i the materials for a nation ready in.ide. 


KviAT.s WHICH rRi;ci;i)i:i) riii; iolniuxc. oi \oi<k. 

'I'm-. ()Kii;iN oi- nil. I''i<i.n( ii-C.w \iii.\n I'i<oiii,i:m. Cki.mihn or L'rri k anh I.owi.u C\n.\ii\. I'.Aun I'isiinkinv io 
TiiK .Anv.vsr.MiKoi's ok Tokomi). Simcoi: ai'I'ihm i n Covi.umik oi L'i'I'i-.k Can \ii\. Tokonih (\ciuk) 

IIKCOMKS rill CaI'ITAI. of THK I'K()VIN( k. 

^1 l\'\\ the establishment, in 1791, of Upper Canada as a separate Trovince, Sir Ciuy C.irleton, now 
'" Lord I )orchester the ( lovernor (leneral of the colonv had Kingston in view as the Provincial 
metropolis. How Toronlo, or rather \'ork, as it came for a time to be called, won the honour 
of being the capital, we shall presently see. .Meantime let 11s take a glance at had been 
transpiring in Canada since the Con(|uest. With the addition of New I'lance to the Colonial 
I'aiipire of Uritain, the Mother Country took over an element of some perpK\ity. in a pi'ople she 
found it dilViciilt to assimilate with her own n.ilioiialitv. I'rance in the New Worlil not only 
spoke another language, but she 
had peculiar laws of her own, and 
a religioiiwhich. though it had been 
that of the country from the time 
of Champlain, was not that of her 
new rulers. ICngland's policy, of 
course, was to make it as easy ns 
possible to incorporate the l''rench-Canadians int<i the national 
system. l''or a time it was necessary to resort to military rule, 
but this indeed, if we except that of the Church, was the only 
rule the I'rench ( 'olony had hitherto known. With military rule, 
however, courts of judicature were constituted for the hearing and 
determining of all causes, criminal as well as ci\il, with liberty 
of appeal, under the usual restrictions, to the Crown. L'nfortunatilv, though the laws were administered in the justcst manner, 
and with due regard to the feelings of a people who were unfamiliar with the forms of liritish justice, the hreiich, under 
the (^)iiebec .\ct of 1774, had restored to them the "custom of I'aris," a code of civil law which existed prior to the Compiest. 
This privilege, with guarantees for the maintenance of their language and their religion, and the system of seignorial tenure on 
which they were permitted to hold their lands, the I'rench Canadians have continued to eiijov to the present day. To the 
l'',nglish who had .settled in the country the concession gave instant and just offence, as it was a violation of the ordinance 

of I 764, securing the administration of Ivnglish law, and on the 
faith of which numbers of Isnglish-speaking people had taken ii|i 
residence in Canada. In some respects, however, the concession 
was a politii' one, as, though it jilaced the l''.nglish minority at a 
dis.idvantage, it strengthened the attachment of l-'rench Canada 
to the liritish Crown, an object at the time of no little moment, 
in view of the disaffection among the ICnglish colonies on the 
seaboard, and their subseciuent revolt. In other respei'ts the 
measure was good, namely, in its removal of the d' labilities from 
Roman Catholics, as. among other benefits conferred, it gave a 
legal sanction to their religion an act of toleration whic h it took 
I'.ngland many years to extend to the same communion in the 
ToKo.Mo Hakiiouk, 179J. 

Tuuos III i.\ iSoj. 

1 1 

/ ifwrs Willi II I'RiA EPi.n Tin: itH\ni\(, <>/■ \()uk. 

FIcHVAKll >i KKI I lIlill.cK, Kll^KlP.M.K. 

iikhIkt l.iiiil. lli(Mij;li ll iii.u In- ^.ilil Iinin .1 |Ui^iiil (l,i\ {»>iMI ul \ iih. 11 iioi r oiiiiiliuird III till |iiii>|n lin. Iiiit r.illnr lu 
till- (', 111 l.iiHir (.111,1(1.1. .\^ Hv li.ur si id, llir imaMiri- ii.iUir.ilK jj.ivi' ^;riMl iiiriiic >■ In l!nli-,li Mlllirs m llir 1 (iiiMlr\. 
l!m (lisNili>l.irtiiili \\,is ^■^|ll^l.lll^ i\|iIi>mi1 H ith it. ill riiliMi|Uiiii ■■ nt' tin- iMrlliivf ;irr.l tliriiii)jliniil tthiili tlu' .\( t W(ii;lil 
li.iM' III lir ii>|iri hil. I'm In IK |iiiiMMiills till' ^n■^I^ rii Ipniiiiil.iiv nl ( '.hlhI,! wns til ilirlllilr .i ri->;ii.ll so rrllliilr .is llir x.illiv iil 

lllr (Ihlii. In lllli tllllr, lln«i M 1. till' ri|ir.lli-il |iliilrsls nl llu .\llL;ln ('.iii.kIkims .Igilillsl lllf illjllsliri' nf llli- (^liullii .\i 1 

illillliril llu; l-Jljilisli Mililslrv In iii.iki .1 r.lili- 

I ll c'liiiiif^c ill till' .iiliiiiiiistr;ili\i' in.irliiiirry 
nl' ('niiiiil.i. sn 1.11. .It least, as llli- ursttrii 
|inrtinii III till- ( niiiitrv Has coiirrriiril. I lii' 

Mil nllUllU III ljli;l|sll s|n.lklim sillltrs Irnlll tin- 

II rrilnlv III till' 111 » linlll l\r|illlilli lIUM.isiil 
>llr Mlllllilt' III I illll|ll.lint lli'.llll .It till I ninlll.jl 
( fllici', alxl tin (Inlllit ll.lslillril lllr jLls^lni; nl 
llir aiiulinr.itilin liiiMsiin . 

Ii> llu- ( ' .\l 1 nl i;i,l .IS 
till' Itlll l.llli'il lIu' I nlllltn ».ls ill\|i|ill 

mill l«n |i.irls. ilisij^i). Itlll rpjii r .mil Lnwir 

I '.111. 111. I. till' linllllil.llV llIU' llcill^ lllr ( )|l.l\\.l 

kiMi. I'^.ii ll I'l'iiuiiri' ».is In liavi- its nwn 
(liiMiiinr. .mil .1' I'.M 1 iitiM' ( 'niiiii'il, ajp- 
|iniiiU'il liy llu- ('rnwii, Iii^i'IIht willi a I'arlia 
iiH'lil. riilisisliii^ III' a l.i'^isl.itiM' ('niiMi'il anil 
.1 l<i'|iii siiu.iluc .\^Miiilil\. riu- (iimrii 

llU'llI 111 linlll I'nuillri's Illllnllllll.lti'ly 

111, lllr rrs|innsilili'. nut In till' Kr|irrsi'nt.iii\f 
.\ssi'liilil\. lull In 

till' Cnliini.l I ' '' 

( )riii I'iii l.ti^Liiul 
.1 iiiist.iki'wliii'li, 

ill L'pi'tr ('.iii.Kia |iarti('iilarly, \\.is in tiiiu' tn liriiif; furlli cxil I'mit. In l'|i|nr ('.iiiail.i. ['.nglisli law In \w I'stalilislicd, and ininisinn inaiK' in lintli IVinimis Inr llir sii|i|inri nf .1 I'mUsLiiit rli'rj;\, 

liytlu si'itingapart 

111 1 wild ' 


ki'sirvL's. an iii 

ailiiiciu wliirli 

l.iti I tnli'ad 

tn niiirh i niitcll 

linn in till.' L'|i|ii'r 

I'rnvinri.'. Irriil 

from llic iraniiiKls 

of (■nniiLction willi 

l.owi'rf 'an. id. 1. till 

L'|l|irr l'ln\illii' 

tnnk a li'.lji nil 

ward ill lliat |ialli 

nf |iroi;rc'ss wliii h 

to look liaik nil 

tii-day sL'L'ius as it 

it had iiiini' alioiit 

liy I'lK liantim-nt. 

so unat lias liri'ii 

the li'.msrnriiiatinii 



I'miii lyS,^, when thu KL-voliitimiary War i Insi-il, iIr- I'rnvinri' proinisi'd In lie inv.idid ainii;; the whole of its water-fronl 
at SI altered poiiils allrailivc to llie settler. L'|i lo 1 791, liowewr, with the exi'e|)lioii of nliiall I'oiiiiniinities along the Si. 
Lawrence, the Day of (^iiiiile, the Niagara frontier, and the Detroit River the Imlk of which was of Loyalist settlement— there 
was no white iio|uilation in the country, and the whole region was an almost trackless forest. The natural advantages of the 

JcM HON 111 I' 111 is I ,\.\ii \\ 1 1 mm; ION .Si kii is, .\r L'iiui;rii. 

/■:n:\/s niinii /'h'/:rr:/>/:/> mi: lorxnixc or Vi^KK 


nrHlyiiiMti il I'll HUM . ul r|i|" i ( ' wrri' ; il .il. iiiiirliil in liiiiljrr, il ii ^dod soil, |iliMUy (if llsli jnil <^.\mv. ,1111 1 in 
i-vrrv (liio linn «.!> Hrll u.ili-nd \\\ slrcnns, Hrnri.ill\ ii.u iji.ibic Ini ;inil railoL-s, iinil |iiissL-i^ril of a cliinalv ;il onrc 
linirinjj anil hcililn, \\ li.ii .ilniir lu-nliil wirr tlir Mirvcvur, tlir ,i\ ami thi' scttliT. Kironl ul the aitpoaraniv of ilic 
lirst of thcM' «r linil ul in tlir nrinlilicpiirlinc)(l iif rdrontn, in tlir iktmui ul Surveyor ( li'iK-ral Collins, who. in 17.S.S. in a 
rtporl of the rcHiiiii lo l.ord I Ion liisdr, s|nak-. ol llu' llarlMnir ol I'liroiUo ,is " i .iparioiis, sali'. and will shi-lli-rt-d.' Thni' 
yi-ars hilrr, »f lind Mr. .\iij;iMiis joiu",, I'roviiiiial Land SiMVf\or. |nirMiin;; liis voi alion in (he >anK' land loiked wakrs, and 
pro^iiirtin^ K'H'i'ill^' ill •!"■ ii<inliliniirhood. ( 'oloml llonclu'lli-, Survivor < 'niirral of l.owc-r Can.ida, at tlu' time cDHaHi-d in 
tlu and liyilronra]iliiral vrvier ol' the western l.ikes. also adds his testimony to the lavonr.ilde location of Toronto lor the 
se.iiolllie I'nniiirial "I still ilisiiiieilv rr.olle. I." he says, "the iintanierl .is|irit whiili ihi' c nimlry exiiiliiled when 
lirsl I elllind ihr lir.lllllllll li.lsin. I )c use 

and tr.iekless ^o|•est^ lined the margin ol' the 
lake, and rellei ted tluir inverted images in 
its ulassv siirlaii'. I'he w.iniUrinf; sava);e 
hail ( iinsinuted his h.iliil.itioii 
Ipillr.llh till ir lu\iiii.ini rnli,i;;r the ;;roiip 
then I on^isied ol tun r.ineliis ol .\lis^i^s.lnas 
.iiid the li.iy ,iiid neinhl)oiiriii;; U'arshcs 
Were the hilherlo iiniinaded h. units ol' im 
lllelise eo\eys of wild fowl. ' 

The liiaiity and sluller aH'orded li\ 
the li.iv ol roronto were .such as readilv lo 
coiiimeiid the siu- ,is a dcsir.ilile one lor llic 
loc.ilion ol a 1 ity. Il '^.\sv .11 cess, ,i^ \m 
have seen. In llu' iiio^l ilncci p.iih. |o l..ike 
la Clie (Simi'oe) and the waters ol lliiroii. 
and lay in close proximity to ilu lliiinliei 
river, and the " place of meetiiiH " as the 
wiird "t'oroiito " denotes of the Indians. 
.Moreover, it wiihiii easy hail ol' N'i.i^ara, 
tlu- lirilish lorl on llu opposite shore ol' lli.' 
Like, and in llie line ol coiniiuiiiic.ilioii e.isl 
ward. How these adv.intages were to tell 
in favour of the selection of Toronlo as a We shall ere loiiH discover. 

Willi the crei lion of L'pper 
into a distinct I'roiini ,■ ii sec iired, as we have 
said, a sepanite ^oMinnunt : and an admin 
islralor w.i> to he .ippointcd, Hilli tin- title of 
Lieutenant (iovenior. The ^governorship fell 
into the ahle hands of Lt. ( 'ol. John (Iraves 
Simcoe, whose .ippoiiitineiit, in 1 ;().'. led in 
his crossing the .\tlantic and t.ikinj; up resi 
dence at Newark, tlu' l'ro\in(i.i| i,i|)i|.i| 
With him c. line a st.iff nf ollici.ds lo admin 
ister the alf.iirsol iIk- iieu l'ro\ iiue, inchidiiij; 
Mr. I'cli r Kiissell. a niemlier of his IC\eciiti\e 
('niiiii il. .mil llu- oliici-r who, some years 
later, suc-ceeded Simcoe ill the I .ieiiteiianl 
(Idveriiorship. The ( lovi-rnor and his siiiu- 
left l-'aiHland c.irly in .M.iy, 171,2, and arrived 

I'.Mll lAMI SI SrnKi-.i llAI-l ISI ClirKi 11. 

nt Niajjani on the .Slh of the following July. Here, in the centre of the hcaii moiide of the Province, as an early traveller 
through Canada fticetiously remarks. Coiernor Simcoe, in the month of Sepleniher, summoned the first I'arliament Of L'pper 
Canada. It i-oiisisted of an Upper House of seven members, appointed by the Crown for life, and a Lower of sixteen 
inemhers, to be elected by the peopk-. I'Ik- latter were chosen, in the main, from the fanning and trading classes, the profes- 
sions, as yit. not having had foothold in the I'roviiice. The legislation of this primitive I'arliament, though unambitious, 
sensibly met the re(|uireineiits of the coimiry. One of its earliest mea.sures was the introduction of the Civil Law of I-jigland 
ami trial by jury. ( Itlur measures made provision lor the erection of court-houses, jails, and such other public buildings as 
were re(|uired in the various districts into which the I'rovince was at the time divided. 

Ihese districts, which cancelled the divisions of the I'rovince made some years before by Lord Dorchester, .ind to which 
he had given ( a-rman names in compliment to I-jigland's Hanoverian King, were'as follows: the Kastern district, covering the 


/■/// i-iiiKE I //■) /\ .\/V(<i/-:.\ /) ly 

ri'Hiiiii Kin^; ImIhi I II ill, < iii.iu.i m, i I iIh ( i,iii.iiMii|iir ; ilir Miill.inil, i mmiimh ili.ii In iwi i n lln' l.iH' i ■ii"l ili'' I n nl , llir 

lluiiir iir Ni.ipir.i ill ill II I, iaIi'ImIiii^ In mi lln Tniil In loti^ rmiil nii l.iikr {.fir. ;iiii| llir \Vi'>ti'iii nr lli Itnil iliiliM I, rxlriiiliii^ 
lo till- SI, CLiir. riiisr (ll>.lrii Is Hirr Jt;.illi miImIimiIiiI lliln i nil ill Irs, .iiiil (.11 li nl llir l.illrt In li.ivr 1I-, ,11 11 1 1 unit liniisc, 

I I Ills »i Ir 1 1 II I II It 1.1 1 slr|is I.I km III npi II l||< IIm I'imV IIH r lul SI I III 11 II Ml, .11 II I iMilllllMli W.IS In ill) 1 1 II Ir ,1 

.\l.l^;,IM .11 till-. Iirllnil. ll VM I M I |il Kllli^slnll. \\,i , I lir iiliK jil.ii i nl llii{ ml l.lln i ||i I ' 1 1| ii r ( ,1 I, I It I I.I I III. I IK lirljlllr 

llir I r.lillr nl tlir \\ i sli I li |<|iiMlii , . It Ii.hI. tliililnri', sniiir il In liiii llii |m I lii.illi HI i.i| IlilnrllllKllrlv Inr llir 

Inrtii, lis iir;irnrss In riiilril M.iirs tritllniy, .mil llir ilaiiKirmis |iin\iiiiit\ nl InrI \i.ij;;ir.i, il.islinl tlir lM)|irs m lliis rrspri I nl 
Its mli.ilill.iMIs, In ( liiMiiinr Slim nr's surjirisr, hr Iniiml llii lull .il tlir iiiniilli nl llir rurr slinrllv In lir ;;iirrlsniiril liy 
.\iiiirii.m sn|i|irr\, .mil it iliil iml IhIiuih in Km;; (Irninr. Itiit lliis 1111(1 tinl h.ivr siirprisrd Ihi^ (liivrriinr li.iil lir 
I nllslilrrnl Inr .1 InnliiiMl HItll » i);llnr.llli r tin 1 nljii r ll.lil liirli wnlll In ^'JM' rlTri I In Irr.lllrs ills|iiislll); nl rlinniinlls 
.III ,1 . Ill llli \rW Wnrlll. rtlllmilt tlir sll^'litr.l kllnwirilur n| ^;rn;;i.l| ili\ :ilii| Hllli sllliiiinr iihIiMi Irlli r li' 1 nil .ulrt.ltlonH. 

I 111- Inlly nl I lnwnm({ SllrrI III lii.illi In In .it\ lii.iklli;^ h:is lint nlll\ lll.lllllr .1 in tin' plni rrllllij^s wIlH II ^.m 1 l|i 1 I In tlir Trr.lly 
III' l';iris, I linririlllliti llir inili'|irtlllrni r nl tlir I llllill M.lli >. Iillt u.i^ .il ,11 In In slinwil. .il 11 1,'llrr ll.'llr, III llii I\ nl I ilirllt, 
«lli( Il trillim.llnl llir W.I I nl iKi.. |!\ llir Inniirr, lain I.I 1 11 1 mil nlllv InsI .1 l.irnr sin r nl Irrillnry, I "I I, 111 Us 1^' I ml. Hit I V pl.n nl 
.iliil llii|ir.ii til .ilili lim , ( '.iii.iil.i in I iillv IkhI In Krn|ir in tin il.irk m lixilin llir wrslrni linimil.irv nl ( liil.iiin, llniii llir 
linlaMr iinilli «rsl ;mji|r nl llir | .jkr nl llii: W'nnils. lU llir jir.ih nl I iliriil, Il is .'ilmnsl liniirccss.iry In rrliiiml tlir rrjiirr, 

■ '•lit, nil !n,l llir wlinir n! lIn- St, Mr nl M.iiiir, wlm || liy ri>;lil nl iniii|iii ,t In Iniinnl In ( ';iii;i(la, ,'iMil at till' llliu: was niir:. with tlir 
■' 1 niisi III .mil I mill III III II , |ii npji . 

.Mr.iiiuliili . till Ini.ilinii III ,1 ,ili I'll tlir r:i|iit.i| «.is lint Inn- in ilniilit. I'tniii l||, 1 lirniiii li , nl tlir prrind Wr Ir.irii 

( linnnni Slim nr riiii nil I ninniii, vMlli III I nniin^ st.itr. Ill till I iili nl M.iv, i;i)(. ,iiii| at nmr srlriinl thr pl.n r nl 

l.imlinU a spnl tin- mnlllli nl llir linn .is llir si rllr nl Ills llltuir alllllllllstl.itur npri.ilinlls, .iml ni.nlr Ills . trill, 
pitilitil nil llir rivrr li.iiik, llir f;rriil nl he liaslillrd In 1 ,ill llir Inwii nl N'ntk. 

( ii.Al'il'.k l\-. 

I III. M I IKI. (IIS IN sl\|( 01. s \)W .\Mi \ I I III, 111 (ilNMM, Ol I III. ( I.M IKV. 

St Ml III Mil 1 I M". I ■ M'l 1 I', I III I' IK • I ( )1 I |i I M • 01 I I'fl iM ■ \S M.\, I'll'i i\ In Sl.l I I I I II \ I III I Ml I \l , M \\, I 71)5, 

I III (,1111s K' \s<.i I's I ,iv.-i i,i I I \ i,M,l Slid I I. 'Imi (Mum im i i ivi s I is ,\ wm , \ hkk. .\Ii wim. ni i hi. 
\\ iiHii I 1 ii-'iN In. I iiins in I )i n.M n III 111. I III. (,iri III ( ni nil I.xki-. (Ii'H.inm liiwsl'ini m IniinNin. 
Si 1 1 111 ( \ 1 1 I I' !• \SK n\ 1 III I Ins. ( ,iA I USUI' ,M\lc nl I )| I'M- I 1 I'l . ( It M I' M I' f, .Nfl'l Mis ii\ I III .Si I M,. 

N'liKK .\1 llll ( III MM. Ill Till, ('IMIKV. MllllM. nl till. IlK^I I' Ml I I AMI N I IN rnnnNlii. \iillK IN 171)7 
hi si Ktlll tp M'l \ ( n\ I I MfiiKAKV. .NuklVAl, 111 (ioVIKMiK (inkl.. .SiK lAI, I'kl Of N'okK. 

III. Iilslnrlial rrlrnsprri ur liaM , in llir prrvjnils rliaplrrs, pl.n nl lirrnrr llir rradrr, will 
iinw rii.ililr liiiii tn riitrr iipnii lln .11111. lis nf llir yrl riiiliryn I nrniitn Willi ,1 lirttrr iiira 
nl IniH till I'rnMmi, nl wimli it is tin- i,ipil.i|, h,is lallril ililn rxistrm r, ami 
111. Ill tlir 111,1111, 1 ,11111 In tlir iiiakili^ nl tlir Intiirr 1 ity. In tlir van^ll,'l^ll nl llii' 
.iiiiiv nl piMiiliil inv,ii|rts wrrr, as Wf liavr srni, llir (', \;. I,ny,ilisls anil llir rnyalist 
snlillrry, will) ll,li| Inllnlil .mil InsI in llir KrMillltlnll. W Itli tlirlil li,lil 1 nlllr 1 nlllini^rlits nl 
ilmi|) yrninanry, wlin li,iil rillirr rntrrni llir I'lnMin r linni llir iiriji|iliniiiiii;( Krpiililn , nr iiin\ril wrstwaril Irniii llir hanks nf llir SI, 1,,'iwrrnir In lakr ,'iilv,inla^r nl llir I, mil 
l^r.inls nl llir nrwly Inriiinl I pjHT ( '.in;iil,i ailliiinistralinii, ami lirw hniiirs Inr ihniisrKrs 
III thr wililrriirss. In thr f>rr\onitil nl thr ailininislMlinii llirrr w,is linr Inr thr 
n-.iriii^' nl :i mw I nnnnnnwi .iltli. (nlnml Siliirnr, thr snlihrr ( inMinnr. hiiiisrll a nl nntr. .\^ ( 'nininandrr nl lln- (,)iii ni's Kangrrs, nnr nl llir innsl illn nni I'mvin- 
( iai I nrps, p,irt iiil. miry and p.irt hnrsr, Iniinhi nn thr Inyal sjdr in llir KrMiliitiniiary, hr rniilrrnl dislinnuishnl 
srrvirr ihrniinh ihr 1 .mip.ijjins nf 1777 In 17X1, I'nw.irds tin- rlnsr nf llir hr fill iiiln llir hands nf the rnrmy, .mil hn niii 
inn invalnlrd, was sriil hnliu- nn parnir In rji(,'laiid. Mr was siiliscinirlllly rrlr.isrd Irnin his parnlr. rntrrni I'.irliaiiii lit, and as 
.1 nirlnlirr Inr a hnrnliKh in ''nrnwall. Innk pall in llir drh.iirs nn I'llt's llill, thr ( Innslilillinnal .\rl nf i;i>l, liy wllirli ihc 
TriAim r III (,iiirlin uas diMilnl iiiln I p|H r ,iml l.nwrr Canad.i. On llir p.issiii); nf llir Itill in llir i'arliainent, 
fnlnnrl Siiiii nr was .ippninli d 1. 11111,11. ml ( inv.rnnr n( thr Ippir I'n Aim r .mil, .n 1 niiip.inird liy his wil,-, hr prnirrdrd ,it nine: 
In thr srriir nf his hiliirr kiliniirs. 

With liliii i,iliir, nr nil his ,irrii.i! "irr iininnli.ilrly .ippninlrd In nllii r, tin InllnwIiiK nrnllrinrn, whnsr iianirs, rlllirr in 
thr prrsniis III tlinsf wlin ihrii hnrr thrill nr in nf ihrir drsrrnd.ints, arc familiar tn thr cars nl 'rnrnntn rilizilis, linn. 
Willi. mi Osnnndr, < liirf J iislii 1 . Mr, Kniirrt (iray, Snln itnr ( ; .Mr. Jnliii Wliilr, Allnriiry (Icniral ; D. W'. Smyth, 

.IX/i .1/ ■////■: AAY/M'A'AVr/ (>/■ nil I I Ml uy 


( IM I ' II 'il I III I'l I It t Ml I IAN'.I I' \-.), Ill ""It Mil 1.1 . 

Siirvryiir ( , ll"ii I'rii r Kii.scll, Krc i-jvcr ( iiiii-riil ; Tlioiiiiis Kiilniil iiml W illi.iiii (lii'will, Assisl.iiil KmiM f. ( ; 
Vljijnr l.illli'li.ilr-,, Mihi.iri Si i nl.irv ; U illi.iiii J.irvis, ( ivil Sc-i niiiry ; I'.ii.inn ^ilif Mv.iriU ' 'hIciihI) I liuiii i. I .illiol, AhIc ilr 
( ■.iiM|' l'..irly ill July, i 71;,!, ( I'liiniMr Sinn oi «,i , .vioiii in ,il KiiiK'I"M, kiIIi I Ik- Iim hm iiiImi . "I lli< V.v rlli m y's ICxcriitivi- 
(iMiiHil. Tlic iiir'niliiT-. ol llii. Iir>l t'|i|Mi ( ,iii.ii|;i (himm il «■ n- Win ( (.(.mmhIi-, I'l i.r K11..1II. |.iinc . It.iliy, Ali-\. (Ir.iiil ;ini| 
U'lii. Kiiliirlviii. I..ili'riiii KhIm'II I l.iiiiill"n. 
KhIi.iiiI ( '.irlwri^lil .mil Inliii Miiiitu hi n '" 
iMiinin.ilril l,r^i'.l,ilur ( 'iiiiiii illur^ ; iinil siill 
liilir lilli'cii iiii'inliri'. »rii n liiiiii i| .1 > n |im 

M-llllllUCS III till- |HO|l|< III llll |'|"\ nil 

AsM'inlih, I )l llll . Ill ,1 I'.iili. liiiih, 

Mr. Jiilin M.imIuiicII cIci IciI .SpiMki 1, 
wliili' .Mr. Jiiliii Sin.ill »',is ;i|i|iiiinli'il (Ink 

III till' I'.VI I lltivr ( 'iilllll ll. ,' 

I III' In .1 I |i|ii I I '.in, III. I 1 .1 (.;i,l.iliiii , 

we lim- .ilrr.icly si-in, w:is 1 .illiil In tin rl 111 

Niwjik ( nil llif 171I1 III .Sc'iilciiilirr, 

1792, mill lis lirsi Mssidii liisliil lill ilic I sill ! 

Ill llll' liilliiwnin inmilli. Itnl (iuMiiiur Sun 

iiir iilliir l;i>k-. In |iii|iirin lli;iii lii ii|irii ' 

1111(1 |iriiriiKiir I'lirli.iiiirnl. .\ i.i| In 

lie liiiinil liir llll- niwly I "ii.lilnli ll Sl.ilr. .\ , 

)i-\ Tiiriiiil" ,1 ini'liii|iiili . iiitU 111) |).ijiir. 

Ill till- '.|illll^' 111 I7l),j, jl|,l 111 Imr llir Ml "Mil 

session III Ilir l.r(^isl;iliirr mil, Siiiii m- mI 

mil uitli ,1 p.irly 111 ImmIs fur iin r\i iir<iiiii 

riiiiiKl llir licml III llll- j.ikr, risdlvmn In l.iy 

lllr fnlinilllllntis nl Ilir Inllirr r,'l|lil,'ll ,il 

'rnrniiln. ,\l llir 1 ml i,| |nlv, liimiiK |iirviiit|.,ly (|is|i.i|i In i| m, .n- 1 1 iii|>.iiiii , nl llir l.lini 11', k.mnris In l.iki' |iiis-.i-,Miin nl llir 

Inwn, 111, I'.Milliin y, nil llir jijili insl., Irll S'.uy II. ill .mil iinl,nki-i|, ,1, ilii- Cr.illf lilK iis, "mi I lis M.ij,-,iy\ 

SI liiiniM 1 /l//u;iu;i.'(/ Inr \ ink, Willi llll- 11 iiMiliilir nl llir <,)iiri-ii s l<.iii(<iTs. ' I In' linn|i r sl.ililisliiij llninsrUi' , innlrr 1 .iiujs 

liy llll- (i.iirisnii ( 'riik .il iIh mniilli nl iln li.irliniir, .iliil .Sinn oc- .iiiil liis siiilr iii.nli- .1 lioini- Inr lliiinsrKis 111 ;i l.imr lii.iri|iiri-, 

hIiii II mil V liilniifjiil In ( '.i|ii.iiii ( nnk, llii n.uij^.ilm, 1 rii Inl nil I In- sli ins nl llir li.iy, iniir I In- inniilli n( llir hnii. ||irr ttcrr 

snnii III iirisc llic li.ills (ll llll' l'|i|iir ('.iii;i(l.i Wcsl 
ininslrr, .iml liy llii- rinli- 1 i.ii|liii|.i |il,ii r nl 
llir liilnri- I ih. I lir lriin|i, «iii- silln iMiik, ln-1 In 
( (iiiiiii I llir ^lll• nl llir ^;.irii. nil Hillillii- inn liiis sili- 
(ll llic I iiy, iinil .iliirw.irds In n|iin iiji Inns nl inm 
inilliir,ilinli uilli llll' iiilirinr nl llir iirw rniMiiii'. 
Tin- Inrrsls, ;is yd, rnvcnd llic wlinl" iniiiilry ,is VMlli 
.1 K'irin'ii', m.-id in.ikiii^;, wliilc ll a,is.i iiri css.iry, 
"i-Ih 11" ini'.llls .1 ll^lil ni|i|rrl;ikin(<. Snli^i; SlrriM 
(n.iniiil .llll I Sn Irnlnnk \iiiiKi', l.iinlisli Si'iri'l.irv 
111 \\ ,11 ). ,111 .nil Inn, 1 mnii'i liiiK llir 1 .i|ii|,i| 
«illi Ihr I lull, 111(1 KiM-r ami llic w.ilrrw.iy in llir Wisi, llll lirsI ):;ri',il .K liH'iriiiriil 111 llir lrnii|is. .\iinllirr 
llii|inrl;iiil illiilrrlakliij' llir 1 niislnnllnli nl 

Slrrrl, ,1 [iiisl Ir.urrsnij,' llir rrn\ iin 1 il Ki^mK 

.11 1 I ss In llir li-rllll ir^jlnns nl llir \\ i ,|.| ll I'rlini ,n|.|. 
Tin Inir (^rnt-raiiliii .ll |iiisilinii nl llir silr {iili lii'd 
iijinii Im thr Illy, Willi llir jiK,iiil.i(,'i's ill a i a|i,ii Inns 
,'llli| Ml II sill llrird liailiiilll, ll 111 ( llllnisl.isln In till 
unik, hIiIiIi iinw wiiil ra|iidl) nii, nl K'^i'iK '" 1' l"iiii 
nil! siilisl.nii r. W' has siiicf lieiii acliirvnl 
.iinjily jiisiirnd (nurriinr Siininr's liKalinii Inr llir 

1. 1)111. ll. WliallMr ( nlinlrl .llll.ii llnlis nilnr sllrs |ilr 

''(•nli'd, lln'rr is liillc dmilii ili.ii Sinn (ir in Ins Inarl 
aixqrtud •ror.inlo. Wc say Inrnnlo, Imt lliis, as mir rr.nlrrs kimw, was nnl the name he chnse fnr the liiliire lily. Thr Kiiik's 
army was then in llnlland, and Ins siinnd snn, the Diikr nf Snrk, (nininand nlllir i .iiilimnlal rniiiinnrnl. He it was ilial 
our soldier (Wivernni hiid il in Ins niiiiil Ki honour; lieinr \'ork, and not loKinto, ( ,niie lor a liinr m lie the name nl Ihe cipital. 

Si. I'AiM 's (Asi.i 11 ,\n) Ciiriii n, llimm .Sii/Ki'.i. 



\ word m.\\ \k .illnwol ii^ Ik'U' oh tlu' \v\u<l siniiifK .ition (il tlu' wdid " I'dninlo," Sonic liavf moiiroiisly 
(kM-iM'il till' word rroiii the Moliawk, and spoak of it as nuMiiiii); " I'lvcs out of water " the reli'ivn.e hciiin to the willows and 
other trees (in the island as seen at a (hstan.e on the lake. This derivation Dr. Scadding than whom tliere is no hetter 
aiilhnrity has told us is a wrong one. and allirnis the true uieanin.L; ol' the w.ird, in the Huron dialeet. is " Place nl 
Meetiiifi." I'he term, we learn, was a general one. and al an early |ieriod was .ipplied to the region around Lake Simcoe, the 
•• meeting-iilaee" ol' Freneh and Indian voyageurs and ol nmning li.nids ol the nali\e trilies that peopled or lrei|Uented the 
distriit. .M'tera lapse of years, liiiwexer. it was found eon\enienl to limit the area covered liy the elastic tirni. and tlu- name 

I'oronto came to he applied exclusively to what its cili/ens now proudly designate " the (^)iieen City ol the West. 

Ihroughuut the lirief period of Simcoe's governorship, we see tr.ices of the military rather than of the civil admuustrator. 
It was the civilian and his family he sent into the backwoods, and he gave to the old soldiers grants of land in the front 
townships wi-.hin e.isy h.ul of the capital. The c.ipital itself he seems to h.ive ('esigned for an arsenal. I he 
town plot he locates, with the Court House and Parliament liuildings, at a sale .liMance Irom the enlr.ince mto the 
harhour, and the latter he |)rotects by Mock-houses on Cibraltar Point and at the mouth of the Carnson Creek. 
In his communications witli the authorities at (Jtiebec. he speaks of sending them " some observations 
on the military strength and naval convenieiue of Toronto, now NOrk. whiih I propose immediately 
to occupy. " In writing also to the Secretary of W .u' in I'aiglaiul, we lind him rem.irking that " Nork 
is the most miportant and defensible situation m Upper Canada, or tliat I lia\e seen in North .\merii'.i. 
.\ll this doubtless beiaiise fort w,is to be given up to the .\ .nid. imtil I'ortified. the colony would be at the mercy of his old foe. 

.Meanwhile, however, the civic growth of \'ork went on ap.tce. I'he 
work of I. lying out the town rapidly advanced. " 'The town-plot, as delined 
at this time," observes our antiipiary. Dr. Scadding,'* "was a compact little 
liarallelogram, bounded on the west by Cieorge Street, on the east by Ont.nio 
Street, on the north by I lucliess Street, and on the south by Palace Strict 
streets still rel.iin their original names. The mon.nchical character 
of the (iovernor appears in nearly every one of 
these street names, as also in the names given to 
other streets, as well as in the name of the town 

itself. The main thoroughfare was King Strict ; 

the ne\t street par.dlel to it on the north was 

Duke Street ; the street north of Duchess 

Street. I'lie bound. iry westward wa^ Ceorge 

Street ; the ne.\t street par.illel to that eastward 

was I'reilerick Street, and the street following 

that was Caroline Street, while the one succeeding 

that was Princes Street. The last street running 

norlh and south was Ont.irio Street. ( leorge 

Street bore the name of (leorge. Prince of Wales. 

afterwards (ieorge \\. ( 'aroline Street com 

memorated his wile, the unfortunate ( 'aniline of 

Unmswiik. Duke Street alluiled to the Duke 

of N'ork, I )uchess Street to his wife, and i'rederic k 

Street was distinguished by his Christian name. 
I'he n.nne. Princes .Street, was a compre- 
hensive compliment to the other royal princes. 

without specifying them. ( Intario Street indicated 

the tr.ick which, doubtless from time immemorial, 

led down to the cmoe I, Hiding nearest to the 

' carrying ' on the Island, where the sm.ill 

i-raft passing up and down the lake and trading al \'ork. were wont to be lihcd .icross tlu n.irrow rui k of l.ind there. P.ilace 

Street was so styled because it expected lobe \.\\v viii \,uiii lo the ' of ( io\crnmeiit.' to speak in I'rcnch sl\ le ; 

/.(■.. the public buildings for parli.imentary and other purposes, to which, in fact, it did lead, <lown to 1824. " It is curious today 

to look back on Simcoe's effusive loyalty, as seen in the nonieni lature of Toronto's carlv streets. Within the leiitury, we 

have evidently swung to the other extreme of denioc nicv ! 

The first winter was s|)eiit by the ( Iovernor under canvas, and the roof of the ( 'ouncil ( 'h.imbcr «,is of the .iirx lent. 

Presently a domestic shrine was reared by His I''.xcellencv on the heights o\erlooking the Don. lo whiih he g.ivc the 

ambitious name " Castle I'rank." Its site was across the ravine, opposite the northern limits of St. James' Cemetery. To this 

\\>'MK,N ^ .Ml hlCAl I 01,1 I .,1 , M\l \t II 

• " Tunmt.), Past and Presunl ; llisiiiricnl anil jiescriptive," pn^e ii). 



siimiiur limiM' (il'lngs. a briilK' |),uli led IVoiii llu' town, and coniiniiniiatioii wiili il was also availaMu liy the nicandLTing 

stream whirh liDundcd llu' lily on the last. As the I'aHiamcnt liiiildinns were not yet ire<ted, the C.overnor perioihcally 

returned to Niagara to siniinioii and prorogue the Legislature and ih'reet the affairs of State. He also iindiitook many 

e\|uilitions through the Province, to make hiinself aecniaiiiled with the appearance of the coimtry and have an eye to the wants 

and well-lieiiig of settlers. The miitine 
of life was occasionally varied hy the 
festivities of a hall at .N'iagara, ami 
liy the (loveriior's lavish hospitalities 
at Navy Hall or under his fannnis 
tent. These hospitalities wcmld he 
shared at one time hy the Indian 
lirant. at another hy an Old World 
traveller and diplomat. 'The siil)je( Is 
of conversation woiilil then turn on 
Kepiihlicanism and the revolted Col- 
onies, against which the newly-formed 
Province was to he a liiilu.irk and 
wall of defence. Lnliappily for (he 
Province and its capital, it would 
seem these talks of the (lovernor 
were far from pacific, and lest he 
might emhroil the King's (iovernment 
uilhhis Kepulilican neighlioms. the 
sturdy loyalist (loxernor was Ir.ins- 
ferred loanother post. In Septemher, 
I 7()6, .Simcoe left Navy Hall for .San 
I )oniingo, and the Province that owed 
'IcunMo ,si KM 1. Iijiii so miiih saw him no more. 

Willi what devotion and sturdv fidelity he bad served the King in his new Proviine of L'ppcr ( 'anaila. there is hardly need 

here to tell. .\s we have said of him elsewhere, he gave the Colony his every thought, and worked resolutely to put it on its 

feet. Could he have had his own wav, it is not too imich to say that it would not long have remained a mere stripling hy the side 

of the nation to the south of il. lUit he was loo iiidepenileru to lie an official truckler, and h.ul heen lirouglit up in a school 

that kiiewlitlleof dissiiuul.ilioii. The student ^ 

of historv have nolliiug lull respect for 

the hluff old soldier. 

lielore the fust decade of the present 

century had passed, the lirawn and miis( le 

of the inhahitants had done great things for 

the town of \'ork. I''.ven the face of the 

Province hail undergone much change since 

the withdraw. il of its first administrator. ( )ii 

.Simcoe's departure the affairs of the couiUrv 

had passed temporarily into the ihaige of 

President Kussell, until the Crown, in 171)1;. 

sent out a new Lieutenant ( lovernor, in the 

person of ( Peter Hunter. Hunter 

retained office until his iKath in 1X05, when 

he was succeeded ill ihe ( ioveniorship hy Sir 

Francis (lore, (lore, in turn, withdrew to 

Kngland a yi'ar hefoie ihc oulhrcak of ihe 

war, and the defence of the Province fell 

into the hands of Sir Isa.ic llroik. the acting 

(lovernor. While these changes in the ad 

ministration were taking place. York had 

grown and spread itself: churches, houses 

and stores had heen hiiilt ; streets had heen opened out which, though thev have long since hecome unlashioiiahle, were in 

their day the home of wealth anil the dress-parade of fashion ; the Parliament liullilings had heen conipleteil, anil according to 

British use and wont, had witnessed the ceremonial of many openings and closings of the HiHise. Kveii the recesses of the neigh- 
bouring forest had heen invaded hy cour.igeous settlers, seeking to lound a home for theuisi Ives and their families in the woods. 

Is via. 1 1 A Si 10 11 (Niiltlll Ml'l I W Ksl CH I.VKV 1^ .Sl Ul I I . 



Whin ihc crimiry oikmk'iI, llic l'niviii(i;il ( >iill hut ;i littlf pl.uv. tlicm^h llu' ( IdVfiiKir. in kiiifilv |)liniM-. wns 
wont ti) spL-.ik ()(' it. in summoning liis laitlilul ( '(jnimons, ;is •• Mur royal town of York." Its popukition. I'xclusivi' of about two 
lumilri'il solilicrs. ili<l not at tlio tinu' cxci'td a scoiv or so of families, Wlicii the l.ogislaturi' was lallcd liinolhcr, it cost sonif 
effort to house and lenl " tlie laithlul ( 'omuions." This wi- learn horn a letter written liy llie aeliiig-dovernor in Niagara, to 
some one in authority in \ork, on the occasion of tlie first meeting of rarliauient at the capital. " .\s the Legislature." 
writes I'resident Russell. ■' is to meet at York on the 1st of June [i7<)7l. it l)e<dmes ahsolutely necessary that provision shall he 
made without loss of lime for its reception. N'ou will therefore he ple.ised to apprise the inhabitants of the town that twenty- 
five gentlemen will want board and lodgings during the session, wiiich may possibly induce them to fit up their houses and lay 
in |)ro\isions to accoiiimod.ite them," j-Mdently there were uses in those days for a Lieutenant ', lovernor ! Nor was the 

market of the town, at that period, given to 
dainties, for the present writer once came 
across a letter written by an ot'ticer of the 
guard of iionour stationed at the garrison to 
,1 chum in Newark, liegging him " for sweet 
mercy's sake" to send him over a few pounds 
of fresh butter 1 Unfortunately, soon there 
was to come a time of real privation, as 
well as of |)eril, to both military man and 
civilian. .Meantime, to the good people of 
\'ork, life was in a and honest way "worth 
living;" existence might be a trille lumidrum, 
but toil gave /est to enjoyment, and abuses 
in the system of a<lministration had alii'.idv 
begun to loosen the tongue and sharpen the 
«its. If the city jusl then was not 
ipiite a political ,ind social parailise, a con- 
temporary gazetteer depicts it as a ple.isaiu 
|ila(e. Surveyor-Cieneral David W. Smyth 
has left on record the following lopogriiphical 
desi ription of \ ork in i ;(); : 

" \drk,' he says, "is in about 4? 
degrees and 35 minutes of north l.ititude, 
and is the present seat of ('io\ernment of 
Upper ( ' It is most beautifully situ.iti-d 
within ,m excellent harbour of the s.iiiie n.iiiie. 
made of a long peiiinsul.i. which confine-, a 
b.isin of water sufficiently l.irge to cont.iin a 
coiisider.ible lleet ; on the extremity of the 
peninsula, which is c.illed Ciibraltar I'oint. are 
coiiiinodious stores and block houses, which 
comm.uid the enlrance to the harbour. On 
the lu.iinl.ind. (lp|lo^ite lo tlu' I'oinl. Is the 
(l.irnson. situ.ited in .1 fork m.ide by the 
h.nbour .ind a sin. ill rivulet, which, being 
improved by sluices, affords an easy access 
for lio.its to go up to the stores ; the barracks, 
being built on a knoll, .ire well situated for 
hc.ilth. and coiiimand a deliglithil prospect of 
the l.iki' to ihr west, .111(1 ol the b.irboiir to 
the The ('io\ernnunt House is .iboiit 
two mile^ .ibo\e ilu- ( 1 iiri-.oii, the held ol the h.nbour. .mil the town is increasing rapidly ; the River I 'on empties itself 
into the harbour a link' .ibove the town, running through .1 marsh, which when drained will alTord most bc.iiilihil and Iriutlul 
me.idows. Tliis .ilre.idy been I'ommenced in a small degree, which will no doubt encoiiiMgi' hirther .illempts. I'he long 
be.ich. or peninsula, which .ifforils a most dcliglilhil ride, is idnsidered so healthy by the Indians that they resort to it whenever 
indisp;ised ; .mil so soon as the bridge over the Don is finished, it will, of course, be most gener.illy resorted to, not only 
for plcisure, but .IS the mo^t coiueiiiint road to the heights of Scarborough. The ground whicli has been prepared lor the 
(iovernment House is situ.ited between the town , mil the Kiver Don, on a most beautiful spot, the vicinity of which is well 
suited for gardens .mil a p.irk. I'he oaks are in generil l.irge ; the soil is excellent and well watered with creeks, one of which, 
by means of a short dam. ma> be thrown into all the streets of the town. \ essels of all sizes may be conveniently built here, 
and a kind of terraie or second in front of the town, afl'ords an excellent situation for a rope walk (1) The remains of 

lAH l~ Si Ul-l' I, I.OOKINO ^I'l lllll;\sl .s;ilill 

,i.\/) AT THE nrAiixxixG of the cextvkv. 


llu' old I'Vuiicli fori, 'r(iriiiiti), stnrul ;i lilllc to tin.' westward of tlic pri-soiit gnrrison. and tlic Kivcr Iliimbcr discharges into 
the l.akc Ontario al)Oiit two miles and a hall' west of that ; on this river and the Don are exeellent mills, and all the waters 
ahoinid in fish. In the winter the harbour is frozen, and affords excellent ice for the amusement of northern countries, driving 
en traiiieiiii. The climate of N'ork is temperate and well sheltered from the northerly winds hy the high lands iji the rear. I'he 
Yonge Street leads from hence to Lake Simcoe, and the Diindas Street crosses the rear of the town." 

Such is the picture preserved to us, hy a contemporary hand of tlie appearance of 'I'oronto at the close of the last century. 
Few, we may lie sure, of the rude forefathers of the then liamlel, ever dreamed of the potentialities that lay hid in the 
embryo city. Nor, to look at Captain ('.other .Mann's ])a|)er-plan of Toronto*, ideal as it is, would even the seer of the period 
be likely to predict what the city would become before a hundred years had elapsed. As yet the chroniclings of the Official 
(iazette do not in(li<ate a very fast growing 
town. 'I'he press of the period is chielly 
burdened with the records of the going and 

coining of the Ciovernor or acting (iovernor, ^^^^|i^^|^^B'^b^^ ^^^^^H^H^^^HP^ ^. 

and the movements of the (lovernmeiU 
schooners on the lake, as they carried to 
and fro, on the business of the Crown, the 
law-officers of the I'rovince, and such naval 
aiKJ military magnates as were in this part of 
the world on His Majesty's service. Among 
the latter, in iSo,5, was the Duke of Kent, 
uncle of Her Present .Majesty, who, on paying 
the I'rovince a second visit, was entertained 
at \'ork, we le.irn, by (ieneral the Hon. 
.l''.neas Shaw, one of the I'roviiicial (iovenior's 
( 'oiincillors. .\ still Liter arri\al was the 
Hon. l-'raiicis (lore, who lor some years was 
to figure in I'roviiicial history as l.ieutenaiU- 
Ciovernor. During his administration, both 
N'ork and the I'rovince continued to advance 
ill settlemeiil. Parliament voted sums for 
the construction of roads and bridges, and 
made consiilerable effort to open up new- 
sections of the couiury. Postal ficilities 
were also increased, and communication with 
Lower Canailaand the outer world bec.ime 
more practicable. .\t this .time, we learn, 
the mail between and N'ork was 
brought at lengthened intervals, on the backs 
of pedestrians, while the number of post 
olVices in the two Pnninces was then under 

With all the disadvantages, societv at 
the c.ipital. however, grew apace. In iSo,}, 
a weekly public market was established in 
the town, and in the following year was 
erected "the church at N'ork " the first 
" meeting house for I'lpiscopalians," as it was 
for a lime termed, which siibseciuently blos- 
somed out into the of .St. James. •'■^"^''^ .Strkkt. Lookixi; Noktii (East .Sii.k). 
Its first ( leigyinan was the Rev. (1. Okill Stu.irt, who alterwards became an archdeacon in the Church, and for a time was 
master of the Home District School at Vork. In the reconls of both church .ind school, Canadian .sociologists will meet with 
the names of many estimable citizens who, v iih their families and their descendants, have been intimately associated with the 
town, as well as with the settlement and the political and social advancement of I'.nglish speaking Canada. 

A few incidents in the professional and s.icial life of Toronto at this period are not without interest. One of these is the 
creatiim of the first members of the legal profession by royal proclamition, in the year iSo.f. 'The honour fell upon the 
following gentlemen, who were facetiously termeil the " heaven descended b.irristers ;" Dr. W. W. li.ildwin, father of the Hon. 

•This 111.1)1 WHS .liM-.ivctcl some years »ro in the archivet of the Colonlil Office, London, by Mr, Thomas IlinlKins. (,i.(.'., ami i.s in the 
possession iif llial Kcnlk' 


V()/v'A- /)rh'/\a Till-. WAR. 

R<)l)iTl Halilwin, llio iiiilid latir (lay l.ihcral ; Win. |)ii:ksiiii, <il Niagara ; D'Arcv Houltoii, of Augusta, and Jolm I'liwcU. (>f 
York, ir tlii'SL- Horlliy i;i-iilli-iiK'n dltlit.' early L'ppor Canada liar had an cvc In fci's, it wmild sitiii that they nuist have had 
(lilticiilly ill I'oUectiiig till 111, lor iiirrciUT of all kinds was scarce, and imlv a sv-.teiii nf barter in the main prevailed. If they 
are tii lie looked iiji.'n ,is j;u,irdians of the piililic morals, there, it wonld appear, much neeil, however, lor their services, 
lor iiiteniiierance and street brawls, we le.irii, were then prev.ilent vices, liiordinale tippling was at the period dealt with alter 
a utilit.iriaii manner: .All persons, we reail, guil')' ol drunkenness, were m.ide to give a certain aiiioiint of lalionr in pulling out 
tree-stiimps in the public streets. Nor, des|)ite earlv legislation against slavery, was the holding and tninsler of liimian chattels 
wholly unknown at this period. While we hear of slaves being ni.iiuiiiiiltcd, we also hear of their being sold or ofl'ered for sale. 
In the Giizttli- of the time, .Mr. I'eler Kussell, then .idministrator of tlie affairs of the Province, advertises for sale "a black woman, 
named I'eggy, agetl forty years, and a black boy, lier son. named Jupiter, aged about fifteen years, both of them the property of 
the sub.scriher ! The woman," so sets forth the advertisement, "is a lolcr.ilile cook and washerwoman, and perfectly under- 
stands making .soap and candles." I'he price set upon I'eggy is $ijo, and upon juiiiler Junior, $.;oo, " payable in three years, 
with interest from the day of sale, and to be secured bv bond." His l-Acelleiicy is /ood enough to say, however, that "one- 
fourth less will be taken for ready money !" These are but a few glimpses of the social life of the time. 


\i)\<K DIKINC. I'lII'. \\.\K OF iSi.' 

OlXEitAi. BnocR. 

I'UKMMM noNs (II- I Ml, Co.MI.Sc; .SidliM. (;ii\I.RMi|< (idUI.'s .\|/lil< 111 IIIK I .l-;i.lsl..\ I IKl;. ('oNi;KISS 1)1,(1. Mils W.\K. 

iMijt'.M.iliKS IN rni-; SiKiia;ii. ISrik k vi rilK C'.mmiai. H.miii; oi (,)i'i-.i-;nsiiin Hi:ii;mis. |)i \iii ok 

HkiiiK. ToKdNII) TWH K ('.M'tlKlli. lilKM AMI RaIUKH. .\MI.I<Ii an .\llA(klNi; Coll MN I!l,(l«N L'p. ki; 

I'RisAi.s iiiK Canaoian l.dssi-.s. M(('i.rKi,\ Imumwiia Ar Niai.akv. Haiii.i-, oi I.inhn's I. am-, anu ( iusk 
(U nil: War. 

■'.It)kl) the memorable figure of Hrock appears actively on the scene, the clouds of war had begun 
to stretch their murky curtain over llritish possessions in Canada, and the iiuitterings of a por- 
tentous storm were already distracting the little town of \drk. In Ciovernor ('■ore's address at 
the opening of I'arliameiU, in i8oij, occurs this presage of the coming conlhci : " Hitherto," says 
His lAcellency, "we li.ive enjoyed tramiuillity, plenty and peace. How long it may please the 
Supreme kuler of Nations thus to favour us, is wisely concealed from our view. Hut under such 
( ir( unistances it becomes us to prepare ourselves to meet every event, and to evince by our zeal 
and loyally that we know the value of our Constitution, and are worthy of the name of llritish 
subjects." Nor were the loval citi/.ens of I'.ngl.ind's Crown in Ndrk slow to respond to the appeal 
of patriotism, or indifferent to what was expected of them when the hour of trial came. In the 

thirty months' i cmllii t that was about to ensue, no comiminitv could well have given a better account of themselves. It is 

with just pride the ( 'aiiadian pens the narr.itive of the iinei|ual struggle of those terrible vear,., iHi j 14 ; for when 

Congress, on the Kjth of June, 1.S12, declared war against the Motherland, .iml look instant steps to inv.ide Canada, Canada, 

with equal promptitude, proceeded to call out her militia, and determinedly braced herself to resist invasion. 

The total popul.ition of the llritish Colony at this time did not exceed ,?oo,ooo, of which only about a fourth was 

settled in the I'piier Province. The regular troops of all arms in 

the country, as the present writer has elsewhere observed, did nol 

([uite number 4.500 men. Less than a third of this number was 

then in Cpper Canada. With this sm. ill bixb of troops ( 'aiiaila 

had to defend a frontier of over 1.500 mile-,, threatened ,it many 

points by a large and fairly disciplined army, with a popul.ition 

to draw from of nearly eight millions. \'el, such was the spirit ol 

her sons that, hopeless as seemed the undertaking, she did not 

hesitate to take the field at the first signal of danger. Within a 

month after the declaration of war, the .\merican Cieiieral Hull, 

with .111 army of :!,5oo men. ( rossed the 1 titroit kiver and 

entered ( 'aiiada. Later on, at other points, the countrv was 

invaded, namely, on the Niagara frontier, and in Lower Canada, 

by way of Lake Champlain. On learning of the invasion of the 

western peninsula, (ieneral Hrock called an emergency meeting Kisi; Si kkkt Eam, 1SJ4. 



m llu' I'roviiK i;il l':irli;iiiK'in at llu- i'.i|, iK^palilHcl M)mc I'oinpaiiii'^ of llii' 41st Rcnimciil, llirii in garrison at N'oik, and 
lliilluT, williiii a Itw <lay^, Inllciwiil lluiii. ('(ilciMil rroilor, willi tlu' ri'mainiiiK <<iiii|ianii-s iiC tlic 4i.>>t, was onlurcd to rciiilonv 
llu' ti(i(i|>s al AmlRisthiiin. With tlic ,;r(l Riginu'iU of N'oi'. Militia, limck liimscH' set out. on the 6th of August, for tlu- 
\\i>l. At Anihiistliiiii,' W was joiiud liy the Shawiae Chief Tecinnseh, with whom and his Indian lullowers, liroek concerted 
incisures Inr the ca|)luie of I'oit Detroit. Ilv this time Cieiieral Hull had uilhdrawn his army Irom Canada and retired upon 
the slionnhold on the Detroit Ki\er. I'roinptl) carrying out his project, Urock put liis .small force in lighting array and irossed 
the river into .Michigan, liefon- ass.uilling the fort, he summoned the garrison to surrender. The summons, to lirock's surprise, 
was coin|)lieil with, and J.500 .\merican soldiers g" _ up their arms. I'.lated at his unlooked for success, and enabled liy the 
capitul.ition of the fort to more efliciently arm I'.- Canadian militia, he resolved at once to relurn to \ork, thereafter to cross 
Lake Ontario anil sweep from the N'.igara frontier other detachments of the enemy, liy the iytli of .\ugust llrock and his 
troops were hack al the lapital. where they were received with the warmest acclaims of the populace. Unfortunately, when about 
to set out again, Hiock's design to prevent the enemy from massing on the Niagara Riser was for the time frustrated by an ill- 
timed armistice. This had been agreed to by .Sir Ceorge I'revost, who at the period held supreme conmiand in Lower Canada. 
The armistice delaved action till the following October, and gave the .\mericans time to concentrate a force of about 
f),ooo men. uniUr \'an Rensselaer, in the _ '-j"'!* 

neighbourhood of I.ewiston. .\t d.iybreak , •- 

on the i.^tli the advance guard of the .\meri 
can force effected a landing on the Canadian 
bank of the Niagara River, desjiite the 
heroism of its defenders. Cieiieral liroek, 
hearing at l-'ort ( ieorge the cannonading, gal- 
lopeil with his aides-de-camp to the scene of 
action, and at once Ibund himself in the 
thick of a desperate onset. The story is a 
brief one. Two companies of the 4i)th Regi- 
ment, «ilh about a hundred of the C.inadian 
militia, had lor some time been holding the 
eiiemv in check. hIuii the engagement slid 
deiil) became .\ portion ol the 
invading force, g.iiniiig the heights unol - 
served, from this vantage ground began to 
pour a destructive fire upon the defenders, 
liroek, with characteristic gallantry, inst.mth 
placed liimsell .11 the heail of the troops, wilh 
whom were two companies of the militia of 
\ (irk. and hastened to dislodge the enemy 
Irom the heights. Conspicuously leading the 
storming p.irty, and with the cry, " I'ush on, 
the Nork \dliinteers!" on his lips, Itrock 
struck bv a musket-ball and fell mortally 
wdiinded. .Maddened at the death of their 
heroic icider, the troops twice essayed to 
c lear llu' iinaders from the llame clad heights. 
Twice, however, were they driven back, and 
the gallant column of barely ,500 men was 
compelled to retire upon the village and 
w.iil reinl'orcemeiits. I'reseiilly these came 1111, and under Cieneral Sheaffe they now outllanked the .\niericans and drove them 
over llu precipice, or, on the brink <if the river, forced them to surrender. Victory once more rested upon llrilish arms, though 
its lustre was grievously dimmed by heavy losses sustained by the victors, and by the death of Sir Isaac liroek, their loved 
commaniler. 'Three days .ifterw.inls they laid Ills body temporarily to rest in a b.istion of fort (ieorge, and llu' ( 'anadian people 
mourned for the dead hero. 

In these pages il is " .; im, ]-"rpose to trace the events of the war further tli.iii we have done. .\11 we can properlv deal 
with is to record briel''. its effects upon the Town of \drk, and to show how bravely its citizens bore thenisebes in the conllict. 
'The Ualtle of (,)ui' nston Heights brought mourning into many a 'Toronto home. With (leneral liroek lln're fell his acting 
aidede camp, Colonel McDonnell, the .Vttorney-Cieneral of the I'rovince. Nimibers of the soldiery of Vork and the Home 
District also fell on the battle ground. Itut the town itself was now to suffer from a closer contact with the enemy. In the 
spring of the following year, the .\niericans renewed their efforts to capture Can.ula. Their designs included extensive naval 
operations on the lakes, with, if possible, the burning or raiding of the i'rovincial capital. On the jjth of .\pril. Commodore 
Ch.iuncev set out from Sackett's Harbour with a lleet of fourteen armed vessels, and 1,600 troops under the comm.ind of 
Cieneral De.irborn. On the evening of the following day, the good peo[ile of N'ork saw this winged menace pass westward, 

liiooK SruKKr 1'krmiv ik.kian CiicKcii, Coknk.k IIikon SriiKKi, 


voKK iXKixc ■/•///■: iiia: 

(MiNidr till- li:irliiiiir. aiul coiiu' to :m( linr iii-.jr llic IliJiiilxr, N'i\l cl:iy llic Liitiiiy bndi-d, iiiulir rovtr of ;i liol fire from llir 
IliLi, ;[Mrl ii < (iliiiiiii, ticidcd I)) llri^^.idiir I'ikc, ;uK,iiii id to nitjrk lort Toronlo. 'I'Ik- dtfinrts hoili of tin- Kort iiiid tlif town 
wiTc iiiili.ippily Mi-:ik. for Sir l.imcs S'co's (■onllnj^tiil ol llif Koyal .M.iriius lud not as yc-t IlU its Hirilcr i|ii:irlcTs ,it Kirigsloii. 
Coiisc ions of the iMiliriiililrniss of his posilioii, ( Sluaffr, llii-ii ill c oiiiinaiid at N'ork, coiiiliidi-d to cva< iiatu tin- lort, and 
lo fall lia< k upon llir town. Passing throiif^h the lattir with his lew " riniilars." lu- proceeded eastward, JKiuniiinioiisly k:a\inn 
the defiiK e of the i apital to the enrolled niihlia. Meamvhile the enemy a<lvani ed on j'ort Toronto expeiting to make it an 
easy prey. As they pushed on in (oliiinn to take possession, the fire of tlie fort haviiij; ceased suddenly there was a terrific 
ex)ilosion and l!rij;.iilier I'ike, with 200 of his command, hitc unceremoniously shot into the a'r. j'hc powder mana/.ine, it 
stems, had lieen tirid by an artillery ser(;eant of the retreating regidars, to prevent it lallnin into die hands of the enemy, .and 
the fuse was lit, from all accounts imdesii^nedly, at a horribly inopportune moment. Despite this (abmilous 1 heck .md the 
consternation that ensued, the .idvanced upon the town and received the submissicjn of (!ol<jnel Chewetl and the 
handful of militia who not lalleii m defence of it. 

The exploding of the iiLigadnc and the loss of life it occasioned, put the invaders in no humour to treat generously, 
either with the town or with the people. S'ork not only taken possession of by the Americans, but the plac e was sac ked and 
many of the public- buildings were given to the llanies. The Houses of I'.irlianicnt, with the library ,ind public records, were 
burned, and everything of value that cciiild be removed put on board the Meet. The Kev. John (alterw.irds Mishop) 
Since li.iii. who nc enlly come to \drk. w.i-, in re >tr lining the wantonness ol the enemy, in the lust of destruc- 
tion, and in saving from the torch not a little 
priv.ile propcrl). lie was also enabled to 
sec lire some inoclilic .itioiis in the articles of 
c.ipilul.ilicm, and toeffect the release on p.irole 
ol the ( 'an.idian militia and other volui leer 
dcfenclcrs of the tctwn. 

Unhappily the humili.ition of \c)rk not yet complete. I'hree months after 
w.irds, ( hauncey's Heel made another descent 
upon the capital to revenge the .lid it had 
given (lener.d Vincent in his defence of 
liiirliiigioM Heights. The lown had to siib- 
inil to .1 liirther scon liing and looting, though 
the .\niericaiis had soon to pay lor their 
w.intoiiiiess by severe Iosm's elsc-wherc- and 
by grim reprisals in the later history ol the 
war. To balance the account has 
10 show to her credit the eng.igeiiieiits at 
lieaver Dam and Sloiiy Creek, the exploit at 
Ogdensbiirg, and the descent upon ill.n k 
Ucick. In these affairs, as well as in the 
Mc tories of the next year at Chryslers I'.iriii 
• ind Chate.iiiguay, the loss to her arms of the 
young Colony was hilly counterbalanced. 
On the lakes, fortune was capricious, now 
playing into the haiuls of Chauncey ancl I'erry, anon into those of Hire lay and ^'eo. I'lie iSi^, as we have e hronicled 
elsewhere, closed amid woe and desolation. The .American (leiieral .McCliire, in command of the c-,ipiured stronghold of 
Kort (leorge, being hard pressed by Vincents troop>, dec ided to winter in Kort .Niagara, on the other siele ol the river. I'liinking 
his safety even then endangered by the proximity cif Newark, he c-ommilted the inhuman ae t of turning out cif their homes, in 
the depth of winter, about 150 familii-s, including 400 women and children, ancl fired the town .it thirty minutes' notice. I'or 
this barbarous ae t the .\inericaiis were- held to a terrible: account, in the repris.ils wliie h instantly lollowecl. the surprise and 
capture of fort Niagara, and the consigning to the flames of all .American villages from Lake Ontario to Lake Ijie. 

The re is little, as wc have saiil elsewhere, to reccird in the events of 1S14, save the l.iilure of the liritish attac k on the 
strong position of the .Americans at Chippewa, ancl the crowning victory of the war, the liattle cil l.undy's Lane, with which the 
War of 1812 may he said to have practie^ally ended. The I'reaty of (ihent, which was signed cm the i4tli cjf December, 1S14, 
terminated the protMcted struggle, and left Canada in possession cif her own. The ccjuntry h.ul been dev.istated, innumerable 
homes made desolate, and thciisands of lives sac rificed, in an inglorious attempt by the .Ameriian people to subjugate Canada, 
ancl the L'nion k by the .St.irs and Stripes. I he eirdeal was a trying cmi- for the country; but her sons were ccpial to 
the (jcc:asion, and she accjuitted herself with hcjnour, and carried lo the credit of her national life that whit li has since 
strengthened and ennobled it. 

Veil.CM KKKs' .\IeiN; \lKNr, I,1CKK.N\ CaKK. 

IIIE laUil.MES Ol- aOlERXOKS (,0/</:, MA III. AX/), AM) COI.nOKXE. 


ciiAi'i i:i< VI. 

'iiii; i<K(;i\ii;s ok oovi^knoks (ioki;, M.\rii..\N'r). and coi.iiokm:. 

N'oKK \i iMi, Ci.DsK (II nil. Wah. Till, ( 'omim, Ml 11(1. Ki.v. Du. Sii(A(|i\n. Tin. M\n \nii lii-. Mooii. I hi. I.ov.m. 
ASH I'mkkiim Sim ikiv ok L'.( '. .Mmi.kiai. Advam i-.Mr.Ni oi iiii. (Mii \i.. I'i.'.innim..'. ok I' |)i.>kssio.\. 

Till I'aMII.V Co.MI'Al I AND lv\RI.\ KaDK SlKAM ON IIII. I.AKK^. RhI. OK I'l.lll.ll liUII.DINl.S. MANSIONS 
nl I III. ■• .\si IIS kl'i.lMI.." 

I'KI.Vd a I 'oii-.i(krnl)k. piriod I'orrmto, or as it was still rallid. York, siirtcrcd from tin- 
|i;\/iMn iITli ts o( tliL- war. Itoid the sword and torch of the invader it, howivcr, 
Mllicil witli the rrliirii of peaie. The ressiition of hostilities in luirope liroii^ht (on 
sidcralile accessions to the troops in (.'anada, and set free from the servi( e of Mars not 
a few who came to the I'rovince to cnj^agu in more pea( eful piirMiil>. Among other 
re( eiit ai i|iiisiti()ns of the younn capital was (jne who had already liecome a prominent 
( iti/^eii, and who was destined to fill a large space in the annals hoth of the city and the 
I'roviiK e. In the first year of the war there had come to N'ork the Kev. John Strachan, 
a divine who was to he more to Upper (.'anada and its lusty metropolis than a repre- 
sentative of the ( 'hurch militant. i'Vom his first coining the town felt the stimulus, of 
his active and fori eliil mind. His earliest energies were tlireded to devising means for mitigating the horrors and alleviating 
the sufferings of the time, lie founded and took a large share in conducting the- affair-, of an association, (■ailed the " l.oyal 
and Patriotic Society of Upper Uanada, " the i hief objects of which were to make provision for the widows and orphans of the 
war, to tend the wounded, and give succour Kj those whose homes had been made de-^olate. Of this institution, the late liishop 
llethune, Straclian's biographer, observes, that " it ( (inlributed more towards the defence of the I'rovim e than h.ilf a dozen regi- 
ments, from the coiilidence and goiid will it inspired, and the encouragement it gave to the young men of the c(j|intry to leave their 
homes and take their share in its defence." There was other patriotic work which, while the 
went on, enlisted the energies, as well as the sympathies, of the resour(eful young e((lesiasti( . In 
the les of the lime, Strachan is seen to have taken an active, though rather aggressive, 
part in negoti.iting the terms of capitulation with the .\nieri(an inv.ulers of N'ork. To him, in 
the overtures with the enemy, the town owed wh.itever clemency was shown to it, though his curt 
spee( h and dour manner, luiilrali/ed only by the courteous address and genial ways of Att(jrne\ 
(ieneral (afterwards (hief jusliie) Kobinson, came near cancelling all that had been gained from 
York's rude captors. 

liefore jiassing on with the 
history, let us lake a (loser gl.ince 
at the town's sturdy ( hampion and 
shrewd, though liriis(|ue. mediator. 
Strachan was a young S( ()t( h school- 
master (born .It .\berdeen in 177S) 
who had come to Canada In his 
twenty-first year, with some e\pe( ta 
tion of receiving the priiu ipalship ot 
a college which designed to be 
founded by the (iovcriiment and en 
(lowed with a large grant of land 
from the public domain. On the 
last day of the century the young 
dominie arrived at Kingston, where 
he learned that, with Simcoe's de- ^'' '-*»'"'^''''- Makkkt, kkom tiik So. i 11 Kast. 

parture from the (olony, the project of founding a college under the auspiies of the Covernment. had for the time been 
abandoned. He, however, lud a friend in .Mr. kii hard ( 'artwright, an influential resident, who prev.iiled upon him to open 
a sdiool In the town and light the lamp of learning in the youllilul colony. In this work Strachan /eahmsly engaged, until 
having taken orders, he was appointed by Itishcjp Mountain to a charge at Cornwall. At Cornwall he combined ediK ^^(mal 
with clerical work, and there, in what l)e(^ime a famous prcccptory, he taught many who were ere long to go forth to till the 
highest |M)sitions in the I'rovince. In 181 1, owing to the death of the Rev. Dr. Okill Stuart, the first incumbent of St. James' 


Tin: RiA.iMis Oh i:oi<i:. u.uri.i.x/K .i\7> ii>/./i(>A'.\7:. 

( 'linn h ,11 N nik .mil llu' luMdm.i^tir nl llu' I Imiii- I •l--tiiil ( S( hnnl, w.i', invili'il liy ( Ihmiium ( 'umi- In loiiU' 
t(i till' ia|) :iiiil l.ikf up Stiiart> work. In this tlii' yoiiiin i KtIi- (■ipii>iiiU(I, .m<l. ;l^ wr have si'i'ii, I'lUircd ii|)iiii \\\> iliiliiN 
ill till' vi-ar iSij, Willi tin- nmliri-ak nl tin- war, lie ulfiUirK-d liiiiiMll' willi all llu' ('iiiurnis ol' the caiiilal, ( lonk 

|url in its ili'leiiii'. ami liicaiiu' llu- aninialiiii; spiril nf llu- 1. oval and I'alriolic I .la.uiic. 
til llu- rha|ilaiii('V n( the tnuips. and lae Inni; he ni>.e In a seal in llu' I .eni-lali\e ('iHineil. 

\'ll- W nN 1 III I ri I 1. llMt ul I \U\ 1^ M Kl I 1 . 

Ily (leiieral linn k he was a|ipiiiiili'd 
111 this latter |Mi>t, Slraehan ••iili-.e 
i|lleiill\ liyure', a^ niu' nl llie iiiein 
lieis ol the " I'aiiiih ( 'niiiparl 
iilii;arih\, and the mark lor lli'- 
liarlied ancius nt diseiinuiil and 
M'diticin. Later liislnrv kmiH-, liiiii 
iinly. as it kiicnvs him liesi, as the 
lirst Ihshnp appointed liy the ( 'rown 
in rpper ( 'aiiada. 

With the elose ol the war, 
\cprk set ilsiir ilu' l.isk III Inmn 
anew the round, itions ol its in,iterial 
,idvaneenienl. Iiiimigr.ilioii set in, 
,ind the imriMse in popiilalion not 
only ^;ave a Insh impulse ',o the 
lAp.insion ol' tile eil\. lull led to 
till- lurllier opeiiilij; up ot the I'rov 
incc. With iiiipiiued lac ililits ol 
I'ommunieation, roads and canals 
were liuill, ,md at this period ranie 
steam tniiisii on ilu' lakes. The 
(iiivernnieiil .ilso ln^.m lo redeem 
llie.irnn hills, which ii is ucd duriiii; 
llu and lo p.iy the pensions. 
This sel nioiie) m circiil.itioii and 
m.ide a lall for li.inks, which were 

soon est,ihlislied ; whiU' the l.euisl.iture in.ule larj^e approprialioiis for the coiislrui tioii ol ro.ids and liridges, and I'orthe Iniindiiin 
(if ('omiiKin Schools. .\s the result of this activity, a new day dawned upon \'ork and the voting ( 'oloin. 

While the town and the country were thus making satisfactory material progriss. the situation of .iH'.iirs poliiicallv was 
deplorable. In liotli llie I'pper and the Lower Province, pulilic feelm.u was ,uoused over the irresponsilile ch,nacti'r of the 
Kxecutive Council, and found vent in many stormy scenes in I'arliaiiienI, as will as in angrv outhiirsls iii the R.idical press. In 
the L'pper I'roMiicc especially there was a |ilenlihil crop of grievances, .\iiiong these 
we (|uote from our words elsewhere were the scandalous svsteiii on which the pulilic 
lands were granted, and the partiality shown in the issue of land |i.itenis and other favours 
in the gift of the Crown. Immigrants from the L'nited States, heing tainted as il was 
stijiposod with kepulilicanisin. were the special olijects of official dislike anil the \ii tiiiis 
of legislative injustice and wrong. Oppressive laws were passed ag.iinst tlieiii. and an 
.Mien Act was rigorouslv enforced, whiih for a time deprived them of their poliliial rights. 
excluded them from the privilege of taking up land, and suhjected them to many iiidig 
nities, including arliitrary expulsion from the I'rovince. 'The chief authors of these aliuses 
were the inemliers of the llxecutive and Legislative Councils, who by their close alli,nices 
for mutual advantage, came to be known by the rather sinister designation of the I'amily 
Compact. L'or the most part thev were of I'. I-",. Loyalist <lescent, men of education. 
occupying good social and jxililicil positions in ihe cil> or I'rovince not a few of them 
being connected by family ties and having at their disposal offices of emolument and 
other Crown ]iatronage, which secured for them a strongly attached, but not alwavsa 
scrii|iulously honest, following. In the reforming spirit that now set in, il iiiiisl in justice 
be said, that whatever good was in the administration of the time was but indiffereiilb 
acknowledged. We mav admit that, at the |ieriod, power was firmly centrali/ed in tin- 
haiKls of a dominant and exclusive i l,iss that all the public ottices were in llu-ir gih, and 
that the entire public domain, iiic hiding the ('rown and Clergy Land Keser\es. was also 
in their hanils. It is true also that, through the patronage at their disposal, the I'amily ( 'oiiipai t were enabled lo fill the Lower 
House with their supporters and ailhereiils, and, in largi' measure, to shape the I'rovincial legislation so as to niaintain their hold 
of oltice and perpetuate ,i monopoly of power. That they used their positions autocratically, and laid a heavy hand upon the 
turliulent am', disaffected, was also true ; but their respect for Hritisli institutions, and their staunch loyalty to the Crown, at a 

KkV. llu. SCAIIlil.MI. 

Tin: h!i:(;/.^r/:'< oi-aoKr., M.\rri.ANi\ A\n voihonxe. 


NOKTMKRN CoS(^RIC,.\rlONAI, CillRC 11, (.'IIUKI 11 SlUKKr. 

tiliU' when Rt'piililicnn si'iiliiiunl^ wiii' il.iiininni^ly |priv.ik'nl, wirt' viilik's vvliicli iiiinlil will nffsit iiimiiiunlili' iiiisilfcds, iintl 

s(|iiari- lln' :iccoiml in :inv iinprijiKlicnl iirr.iinMiiiriit. Xii'wiiig \\\v ni;illrr jiiilirullv, .mil in tlu' caliii lif^lit nl ,i l.ilir Jiul licllcr 

(l.iy, this, wi' wiilurc tii think, is tin.' i)|iiiii(iii thai ininlit imw tn |iri\.iil. 

Ill till' |ui-i(iil hi-twi'i-n till' War and tlu- KclK-llion, the nominal ( hii is in llif riuvincial Aclministratioii, who rt|iiisiiil((l 

llif ( rowii in the Coloiiv, wiTo ( lovi-rnors 

( lori', Mailland, and Colliornf. The rilk' of I 

thcM- nun iMrnds IVom the [ifriod whin I 

(lore rctiinuil, in 1.S15, from lainlanil to ( 
Toronto, ijown lo the uar i.S.i'i, whin Col 

horiic was Iranslirrcd to the ( 'ioMriiorshi|i ol 

Nova Scotia, and Sir h'ranris lioiiil Iliad 

rami- ii|ioii llir tidilliKil si riu'. \\ illiin ihrse 

twenty years the Town of Ndrk, as «e haw 

in part indicated, made gri-at strides. On 

the lake, ste.iinirs siippl.inleil the s,iiliiig- 

packet in the passaj^e to Niagara, and an era 

of lAlensivc liiiililiiig operations set in in ihi' 

town. New lloiiM's of I'.irli.mieiit were 

erected on the siti- of those which had lieiii 

hlirned by the .\mericans in 1S15. Here. 

in 1821, I'.irliament was comened, thoiigh 

three yeais afterwarils the new lniildiiigs fell 

a prey til the flames. .\ new ( 'ourt IIoiim- 

and (laol was also alioiit this time liiiilt, and 

the sipiare on which i( erected was lonn 

a place of reiide/voiis for the cit'/cns. Its 

location was a little way north of King, lie 

tween Church and Tiironto Streets. i'he 

market, which was now enclosed, l'e<:^'ii.. 

also a place of piililic resort ; while halls of 

modest dimensions, attached as yet to the hotels, were erec leil for mass iiieelings and occasionally u.sed for the play and the 

dance. Nor did the citi/eiis of the time neglect the need of pl.ices of worship. In iSi.S the first Methodist Church was liiiilt, 

and shortly afterwards the ICpi^copal Cluirch of St. James was enlarged and remodelled. Later still, came .111 eiitirclv new 

edifice, which, despite its lieing of 
stone, fire unhappily devoured in 
1S51). In the "twenties" were also 
erected sacred edifices for the use 
of the Roman Catholic and I'resliy- 
terian comnuinions. Towards the 
close of this decade, the \drk citizen 
also saw erected a new (ieiieral Hos- 
pital, a Covernmeiit House, and 
ground cleared for the luiildings 
devoted to the use of Upper ( 'anada 
College and lor a home lor the Law 
Society of the I'rovii'cc, In iSjj, 
the Hank of L'ppir i 'anada 
founded, and four yeai ^ later the 
Canada Land Company liegaii its 
operations. Nor was th.- individual 
citi/eii slow to fashion a home for 
himself in "Muddy Little N'ork." 
.\lioiit this period were erected a 
niimlier of family mansions, some 
of which to-day retain their old-time 
glory, while others have gone into 
ll.wK 01. .Mom KKAi., CouNEu OF VoNc.K.^AND^fKOM s r K K K IS . decline with the passing years. Of 

the former ,ire 'The (Jrange, Beverley House, and Moss I'ark ; of the latter "The I'alace, " on T'ront Street, is a type. 'The decide 

is also memorable as that of the coming to York of Williain Lyon Mackenzie and the increased troubling of the political waters. 

/A(CA7'<)/>'.//7('.\' ('/• /(M'C.WV). 

( iiAi'ii-.k \ii. 


PkciNh) R|sl\ll-~ llsOlh Al'I'l I I \l IM . I'lilTI \K I ll'-M I I 1 I h>S \M. rullMcM rNHlsl. I'lll llli.H I'm l-i ii . \ I l\ !■ 

I',K\. I'm I'wiin ('(iMI'MI \Nli \l> ()l'l'ciM.M>. I III AlM-^ III Mil KllnUMlNi. Si'IKII ul llll I'lMI. Ivinl; 

ruKMIoS OK llll. ('ir\ AMI (tKi.ANl/MlilN (IK I I > MlNUIl'M S\-,ll\l. llll lllc-l MwiiU \N|i (in ('.HMII. 
SlMlMUS OK 1'kO(;KKS>. a I.AIi^'s Ski- K II ok ToKoN id is lS_j(). 

, yijr iS^l i'' iiiiiiiur.ilili' .is llial whiili saw tin- I'luvii nf \iirk i\ti iid it> limits .uid 
risi' III llu' ilinnity cif an liH(ir|niraU'il Citx, iimlir itsnlil liislmn- iiaiiu- ul ruriinln. It 
Has a happy iilia that Migmsltd ilsrlf to tlii' iiiiiuU iil' thi.' "riidr liui rather.-, ol' the 
haiiilit " that with the honours of incorporation as a city the plare should ri'siiiiK- its 
luaiitiliil Indian appillatur. Nor i-onid anythini; hi' iiiore appropriate tli.m that the 
ureal iiietropolis that was to lie. which luit lortv years lielore opened as a mere 
lori-st pathway lietween the 1 Ion Ki\er and tlu' inoiitli of the harlioiir. slioiiM hear the 
naiiu- assiiciate<l in early I'leiich annals with the Huron tnli.s, known .is the loronto 
n.itioiis. whose luinliii}; j^roiinds lay imniedi.itelv to the norlhw.ird, .iiid with the 

blood stained re^;ion loii^ ideiuilied with their latehil history. In the lour decades h.ul p.issecl over the town .since its 

earlv cr.idliii}; lime, the place had seen many changes, and its cili/eiis had striven hard to pi. ml I'oronlo tirmly on its feet. 

.Slow as yet, however, were the successive stages of civic developnunl, and the visitor within its piles oluii mocked the preten 

sions, and, when he shook its dust I'roni his feet, even spoke slinhtiiifily ol' the society, of the still sipialid rroMiicial metropolis. 

Hut with the stoi ks and the pillory were soon to go the humdrum and iinpronressive era of "Miiddv I illle \ork. ' liilore 

the lirinhter day laine, however, Toronto to enter upon a conMicl which tried the spirits of its sons, .mil proved, as with 

fire, their sturdy claim to the rights and privileges of freemen. 

At the time, as we have seen, political power was centrali/ed in the hands of a dominant ami e\chisive class, who rilled 

the I'rovince autocratiially, and shaped the Provincial legislation so .is to maintain their hold of ot'tice and reward, villi 

extensivi- land grants and other favours, their large and not overscrupulous hody of rit.iiiiers. .\gaillst this ruling olig.m hy 

and the plicemen of the time, Koliert (ioiirlay, earliest of ( 'anadian Radic.ils, was the lirsl to proU'st ; and when he had lieeii 

harshly driven from the I'roviiiie, his wiirk was actively t.ikeii up liy Win. I. von .Mai keii/ie, who reiiioveil to tlu- ciiv in 

1824, and now to become a prickly 

thorn in the Hanks of the adminislralive 

junto. Ciourlay had, in 1S17, lit the llaiiie 

of discontent by his series of dislurbiiig 

t|iiestions addressed to the people of the 

I'rovince as to the retarding efl'ects of the lanil 

laws and the arbitrary legislation, embodied 

in .Mien and .Sedition Acts, passed by the 

autocr.aii Provincial I'^xecutive. Maikeii/ie 

took up and larried forward the {'ai alibiir 

br.ind of the agitator, and with it vigorously 

smote the family ('om|iait and the whole 

system of privilege that had craftily vvorined 

it.self into the m.icliinery of irresponsiliK' 

government. In his paper, T/ie Colniiin/ 

Atii-dcalr, he warmly espoused the work of 

reform, and during a series of stormy years 

gave voice to the popular disiontent and let 

the light of ilay in upon a large and iinlial- 

lowed crop of grievan<es. hor this patriotic 

service he was rewarded by seeing the young 

'rorydoni of the time .sack his printing ollice, 

smash his presses to pieces, and gleefully 

TlIK lloMKOIAIUIC llosll lAl.. 

/\C(>a-/'(>a:i/7(>\ ()/■ roh'OXTO. 


Inrii Ill's fonts (if ly|K' into llu l!;iy. Iliiiin Rliinicd :i iiuinlirr (il I'arliaiiuiil, ;is( rrickd 'roryisiii piirsiuil liiiii li> the liK's 
liiliirr anil livi' liiiu-s ixpclird liiiii rniin llu' liiiiisc. lint nut thus roiilil thr slnrcK spirit iif llii' patriiit lie liriikiii, lur 
Mai kiii/ii' had ntiw a lar(;i' and svinpatlutii lulldwinn, anil as iilliii as lie was ijcrlrd rruin his sial, pnlilir Miilnnrnt and tlir 
lalirial lUnn'iit in his ronstitniriry iitiirnrd him as a ri'prrsi'iMatiM'. 

In this hi^li priTDnalivi- ria, rnrydiini, tlii)iit;h it was ol'tiii iiittlcd and snim'tiims aliaslnd, was hdI yrl worsti'd in thr 
(inhl. It had Inng lirrii i-ntiinrhid in ol'tirc, and possi'ssi'd nut a IVw dimnhly rhanipiiins whiisi> skill in thr art iil' piilitiral 
warlaic was nival, and wlinsr snnrris iif striiinlli w'tTu the Crown and the loyalist iriis il kni-w will how to rally to its snpport. 
or thrsc rliainpioiis, the most rcdoiihtalilr wrrc thr |iiililiri) i-irlfsiastir, the AnhdiMron of \ork, and his rhii'f licm-nian, the 
voiithfnl Atlorni'V CifiuTal of till' I'rovimv. Iti'siiK's Sirarhan and Kohinsoii, tlu: li'adinn spirits of thr hamily Coinparl, thr 
pri\ilinril ordir loiild rail to its aid a nnmrrons liaiiil of supporters, whosi' nami's have liccoinc hisiorir in tlu- annals of 
the lily and hch' then handied alioiil in 
the roiinh tiimnll of the time. I!ul if lossil 
'roryisni had its shining lin'i'S ><". I'"', '''id 
yiiiilhfiil l.ilieralisin. If the one could point 
to the Str,ii hans, Koliinsons, lioiiltons, I lajjer 
mans, Slurwoods, |)ra|urs, .\llans, and Mae 
Nails, the other i onlil pit anainst them the 
Maekeii/ies, Kolphs, lliihvells, lialdwins, 
I'errys, and I )iinns. Nor were the differences 
slinhl ones that siparated tlie two hands of 
combatants. Ivaeh side, iiodoiiht, considered 
itself finhlinn lelinionsly for a principle. In 
the politics of the yoiiiif; colony, it was the 
first sharp contest lictwecn privilege and non 
privilege. 'The one side sought to conserve 
what it deemed its sailed trust and was 
jealous of its own rights and privileges ; the 
other had lilllc respect for ( 'row n nominations 
if its nominees aliiiseil their trust and would 
pay no deference to the voice of the parlia 
luentary majority. In the strugfilc that 
ensiled, we sh.ill licltcr see what the reform 
inn spirit ol the lime sought to remedy. 

In tile meantime the field of parl\ 
strife ch. lilted Iniin ihe I .enislatlire to the 
Civic Chainlier. With the year 1X54, the 
eiti/ens of WnV had come to feel the 
civic administration would he more satis 
fictory were the affiirs of the countv scjia 
r.ilcil from those of the town and the l.ittir 
Hiven a municipal system of its own. I'his 
idea, at once progressive and reasonahle, 
nut, however, with opiiosition, the Reformers, 
stiannely enough, opposing, while the Con 
ser\atives were in favour of, the measure. 
I'olitical feeling, which had long heeii at fever 
heat, took sides in the civic contest ; and 
though Keforni, perhaps fearing the evils of 
increased ccntrali/ation, had at first scouted 
the innovation, it filially accepted it, and in 
the eleitions carried with it a majoritv of the 
party as representatives on the Council. 


.\s the event is of some importance in the aiuials of the city, it may he worth while to note the successive incidents in 
the affiir of incorpor.ition. In l''eliruary, 1.S34, .Mr. Jarvis, luemher for York, introduced into the Legislature a liill emliodying 
Ihe proposed measure. On the 6lh of .March it received the Royal assent and heiaine law. Ihe main features of the liill 
coiistitiiled the town a city, under the name of the City of 'I'oroiito, and divided il into five wards, with two aldermen and two 
coimiilmen lor each ward. The eiti/ens were to elect the ward representatives, while the latter were to elect from themselves 
a mayor. The combined body was to have the management of the city's alTairs, and power was given to il to levy such taxes 
as should be found necessary fi)r the proper maintenance of the city's goveniinent and the requisite puiilic iinprovciiients. On 


/xcoKPo HAT/OX or roKo.xro. 

ll>c Ijtb ol M.irch :i pnu l;iiii;ilii>ii was isMud j|i|MimtiMn tlio jytli ol lliu s,iiiu- moiilli iis llu- ilalf of the rli( linns. 'I'lu' 
liillDwiiin wlTi' riiiinuil as llii' ri|)rrsii)tallvi's dI' tlic Narloiis wards ; 

« \Klis. AI.DI'UMF N. (Ul'MIIMIN. 

Si. .\Miki w's |»r. T. I). Mciirisiin Jnliii Ainislninn 

Jiilin llarpir J"!'" I'"i'l 

Si. 11a\ Ill's Will. I. vim Maikiii/ir I'ranklin Jac kcs 

James Li'sslir ('i)lin Driiininond 

Si. Cii iiKdi.'s 'riidiiias ( 'arl'rat-, |r |i>liii ( 'raij; 

I'.dward Wright Cucirno (iiirm-tl 

Si. 1 \w Ki NCI ('norm' Mmird Wm. .\rtliiirs 

(iciirm' I liin^.m, Sr I .ardrur lldsUvii k 

Si. I'm i; UK s I )r. Joliii Kolpli Joscpli Tiirliiii 

diiirm.' T. l>inison, Sr Jaiiu's 'I'rolUT 

( )m llic ,(rd 111 .\|Mil, llu' ('(iiincil iml and ilr k'd, as llii' lirsi Mayor nf 'rnrniiii), Wm. I. von Maikrn/ii'. Tlu' inslal 
lation ot .Mackrii/'ii' into tlu' iImc iliair was natuiallv looked ii|ion .is |iossrssin^ soint' |n>liti('al signirKanii' : it was a Iriiiinph, 
at Irasl, for tlu' cause of Kcfonn. Mackcn/ic licid ol'licc only for the year, Iml williin llie period iinich was done in the way of 

piilihi- iinproMinents. Tlie first thinn In whii h the 
Coiimil addressed itself was the niendint; ami e\ 
tending of the city's siiUwalks and mails. To meet 
this necessary e\penilitiire, an ai>plication was made 
to the Hank of L'pper Canada for the loan of a 
thonsand pounds, l)Ut as the city was alre.idy a 
delitor to the evtent of nine limes this sum. the 
loan was timidly refiisid. .\ conleinporary docii 
nieiit shows, howiver, an application lo the 
I'ariners' liank was more siiceissfiil, llumuli the 
monev was had only mi the personal security of the 
.\lavor and City Council. The city then mended 
its ways. In these days of liberal and sulistantial 
street pavements, it is not a little curious to con 
irast with them the meanre and parsimonious 
sidewalks of the \car of Toronto'^ incorporation. 
.\ll thai was then allowed of .1 pronuMading area, 
were two Iweheinch pl.mks. I.iid longitudinally on 
the chief streets. 

The statistiis of the period, in other direc- 
lions, show similar sharp contrasts lietweell then 
and now. Into these we h.ive not space here to 
enter, though it may lie noted thai the po|iulation, 
in i.'^.vi. w.i-. under 10. coo. and that the \.due of the 
I .>M K..I .SI i.Ki 1 i;.Mi 1^1 I HI HI M. ratable propertv within the city limits did not evceed 

three i|u.irters of a million of dollars. The " leaps and bounds " b\ wliicli the city has attained its present proportions, the 
reader may reali/e when it is recalled th.U the then area of I'orimto was compressed between the I ion and I'eter Street, and 
between Lot (or (,)ueen) Street and the ll.iv. Outside of these bounds was an unkempt, if not impenetrable, wilderness. Nor 
must we forget one at least, and the iimst dread, of the local causes of the time that retarded the city's advancement. In the 
year of incorporation, Toronio suffered from a visitation of .Asiatic cholera. ICvery twentieth inhabitant, it is recorded, 
bei ante a vii tim lo the fell scourge. 

In spite of this calamitous ilis|)ensation and the increasing political turbulence, the youthful city, impelled by an internal 
force of its own. continued lo make projiress. Stores, blocks, churches, and public buildings were built ; new streets and 
avenues were opened up; and manv fair funilv residences rose solitarv among the thick set pines, upon are now old city 
sites. Net, in appearance, much of the town was still rude and uncouth. This we learn from a picture lim.ied for us, in iX_^f), 
by .Mrs. lanieson. wife of the then I'rovincial N'iceChancelliir, though its lugubrious tone was doubtless (he product of the 
artist's depressed spirits. Says .Mrs. Jameson (viJf "Winter .Studies and Summer Rambles '")," What Toronto may be in 
summer. I cannot tell; they say it is a prettv place. .\l present its appearance to nie, a slrangir, is most stningely mean and 
mekmcholy. .\ little ill biiill town, on low kind, at the bottom of a fro/^en bay, with one very ugly church, without tower or 
steeple; some (lovermnent oftices, built of staring p 1 brick, in the most tasteless, vulgar style im;iginable ; three feet of snow 
all around ; and the grey, sullen, wintry lake, and the dark gloom of the |)ine forest bounding the prospect ; such seems Toronto 
to me now." I'liis ill-used, unhappy lady, we are glad to remember, has left us a later and brighter picture of Toronto. 

nil: i<i:ni:i I ios\ ro riii: iwiox (»/• riii: i'A'oi ixciis 



Tin; Ki'.iii'.i i.ioN, ro iiii. inion oi iiii; I'kov incks. 

KlHiKM IIKI^ III \i,ll\l|ip\ \Mi KlMiKI- In KiMI I.I l< IN. Allllllil l)| IIII. kll.lNcl I'oWKKS IdWAKlis Rl.>l'( IN>IIU I 
( lii\ I UNMI \ I. Km.IMI III SlU I'HWII-- IWiNIi lIlMi. M \l k I N/ 1 1.'-- Sll i| I l( II S .\|iIpK|:ss id Ills I'I I I .i,\- I'.MKIdls. 

1m HUMS 111 Nil ki^iM,. K\ii\ 111 nil 1\mi<i;ims ai MiiMi;ii\n i<\ > Twiks. riiKuMn TiiKi Ai i- Ni n 
wii TiiniiMii DiiiMiiii, ( »r 1 1 AVMU 111 IIII. I\i 11 I 1.1 Mil U-. I'lii KiiiiiiiiiN Sill wiiiiiiri I'mnn. 

N I l|;SI'.\ I k 111 illVitilifi liriiriii lliliiU};h rnii^>. Jliil r\,i--|i,T;il((l In llir 
:illiliiili' iilMirii'ssivf ( iiiMTiiiii-., wild llircw llu' |)n-.lij;i.' .iiiil inlliH'iiri' nl llu' ('iiiwii iiiln 
till' r:iiii|i 111' irri.'.s|MiiiNiliilily and |)ii\ilij;i', M.ii kiii/ii' and tlii' Kadical M'llidn ol' his 
.illiis wiTf driviii td till' drsiniatf allcrnativi- iil' rrlullidii. Only liy siiili a Cdiirsc, it 
wmild Mvin. riiiild llu- |iriiii i|ili"> I'lir wliii h llii' KiripniKi-. rimtcnilnl triiiiiipli, and the 
lUrianl lArriili\r lir in.iilc aiiunalilf td tlic |Hi|iiilar will. Only lliiis was it possililc "to 
lirc.ik lip llu' laiiiiK ( 'luiip.ii i : tn inakc llu' .\(lininislratidn nspimsilili' tii the ropro- 
si'ntaliMs ill ilif priipli' ; Id -.Hiip away llic iinidiiiii-. pii\ iK'His ilaimrd liy iIk' Cliiirili 
of ICnj;laiiil ; tn pniiiidtf a lnllir systtiii nl ( 'rnwn Land inaiia^i-incnt. iinininralidii and 
scttli'iiuiil ; Id lAiiMil I'diicatiiin Id tlii' iliildri'ii dl'tlu' piiiinr rlassi's ; and, ncnrrally, lii 

cslalilinli a liss (n.stl) and nmn' ( IdMrniiuiit, wmild -.pcnd li's> innncv mi liij;li sal.iriis. pt-nsiiins and ^iiUTiiris, 

and iiiiiri dii riiails. laiials, and dilur wiirks III' piililii' utility. " ( 'niislinilidnal iiirasiiri's iil' ivdnss liail liirii lung triid. and 

had sij^n.ill) lailnl. I'lif ( 'li.iinlur loiild do nutliiiin, I'lir its li.uislatiiiii was iKit iiiily hiirkfd liy llif I'ppiT Iliiiisi', Imt 

the l'!\iTnti\c ( 'imnc illnis siiappid lluir liiigiTs at llir .\ssrnililviiuii and disitrardcd ifiisiiri' and lIu' appeals In llii.' I.ifiitcnant- 

(liiviiiidr and llu' ('nnvii. .Niir was this dune Irdin nurf H.iiiliiiiiiiss. ( »n tin- iimtniry. llu- ruling; pnwiTs ilriiiiiil it a 

palridtir duty thus td deal with disafCiTtidn, and to resist to the iitnidst what was tirnied the eiiirdailiniints iit' the'. 

The integrity lioth dl' the C'riiwn and the Constitntidn, it was thiiiinht, depended iipim this iiiiirse lieinj,' piirsiieil. .Miiredver, 

the ediitiiinaiy iil'the eleeliirs in repeatedly returning llie piipnlar iiliil, .\laiken/ie, as a representative tii I'arli.iinent, had tii lie 

repriived ; and this iiuist lie dime sii Tdrydiiin re.isimed thiiiigh the lireaih yawned between the ('riiwii and the ( 'anadian 

peciple. I'.Mii ill the Miither Ciinnlr), Kespniisilile (iovernnieiit at the time lar Irdiii the g<ial to which it siihseipiently 

reai lied, .mil ref'drin had still its battles tii light. We wni] mil wonder, therel'iire, that in its distant ( 'dliiny the piipiilar 

liberties tii be wrung bv in 

.stirreitiiin I'roin the grasp of privi 

lege, and that a crisis had to be 

passed ere the old ( 'olnnial svsleiii 

ga\e place tii seH'gdVerninent. 

Matters were in no way 

iin|irove<l by the hoiiie aiithiirities 

making a change in the Lieut 

enant-t loverniirship. In iS_^5, Sir 

Jdhn Cdlbdrne was superseded 

by Sir I'rancis Itniid Head, wild 

reached I'drdiilo in l.iiiuarv ol 

iherollowiiigyear. OiiSir l''raiicis' 

arrival, ecclesiastical jealousies 

had added hiel to political I'er 

meni, over the erection, bv his 

predecessor in olVice, of lil't\-si\ 

rectdries nut ol' the l.iiided estates 

known as the "Clergy Reserves. " 

This act raised the hostility ol 

the denomiiiatidiis t<iwards the 

Crown, though among the Re 

formers it was thought that the 

new (iovernor was I'rieiullv to 

their views, and would aid them St. Georc.k, East Sihk. 


/'///•; A'/:/j/:/././()x. to the rxiox or the rKOVixcEs. 

in llio i\iiii'>s 111 tlK'ir urii'V.iiicis, Tiiiu' soon nIkihicI that tliii was a misciiiicfplidii. Not iiiilv iliil tln' (Idvcrnor oppuM- 
tlio ixipiilar (li'iiiaml lor ail ilciliw l.i'j;islalivo CoiMK il and a ri'sii(iiisil)li.' lAiciitiM', iint, I'ailint; in liis altcin|)t to l)ril)i' three 
Kclornicrs with seats in the Kxeciitive, he threw liiinself, with foolish partisaiishij). into tile arms of the l''aniily Compact. 
In the popular Chainher the natural results followeil the Reform element denomneil the Ciovernor, anil for the Ihsl time the 
House refuseil to vote the siip|)lies. Sir l-'ran<is retorted by dissolving; rarliament and iin<dnsliliilioMally appealing himself U) 
the people. K\ery devieo was resorted to in the effort to prejudiie the cause of Keform. The day was won l)y the 'I'ories, and 
the (loveriior. elated at his success, liecame a tlioroujjh partisan, and still further widened the lireaih between the (Jovemnicnt 
and the people. 

In lower Canada, a somewhat similar slate of thinj^s prevailed, and precipitateil the crisis that now fell upon the whole 
couiUr\. In liolh Provinces, Imperial authority was renounced, disaffection clasped hands, and balked Keform slid into 
rebellion. In the closini; (la\s of July, iS,;;, .Mackenzie organi/ed a " Conmiittee of X'igilance," to guard the irUerests Reform 
had in view ; bm the violeiu appeals it issued soon inllanied the heart of sedition, and the next move was a hostile demonstra- 
tion and the .ittcinpt to erect a revolutionary go\ernmeul. That armed resistance to authority now the game, is sufticiently 

Knox Cot i.Kc.f il'iusiiv rKioAN). SrAiUNs .Vvknci:. 

seen from the inflammatory handbills which the leading spirit of ihe uioMUunt issued, c.illing upon his fellow " p.iiriots " to 
rise and strike for freedom. Here are a few r.ilher spicy extracts : 

"Can.idians: < iod I'.as put it into the bold and honest hearts of our brelhrcii in I.owit to revolt not ag.iiiisl 
lawful but against unlawful .uitliority. The law says we sh.ill not be taxed without our consent by the xciice of the men ol our 
choice ; but a wiiked and lyraiuiical ( ioveriuueiit has trampled upon that law, robbed the exchec|uer, divided the iilundir, and 
deilared that, regardless of justice, they will contiiuie to roll in their splendid c.irriages and riot in their palaces at our expense ; 
that we are poor, s|iiritless. ignorant peasaiUs, who were born to toil for our betters, * * Ndu give a bounty lor wcilves' 
scalps. \\ h\ ? Ihi ,Hise wolves harass you. The bouiuy you must pay for freedom (blessed word ! ) is to give the strength of 
your arms to put down tyranny at Toronto. One short hour will deliver our country from the oppressor, and freedom in 
religion, pea<'e and tranciuillity, eijual laws and an improved country, will be the prize. "■ * We have given (the 
(iovernor) and his employers a trial of forty live years, live vears longer than the Israelites were detained in the wilderness. The 
promised land is now before us up then and lake it but set not the torch to one house in ToroiUo, unless we are fired at 
from the houses, in which case selfpreservaliou will teaili us to put down those who would murder lis when up in the defence 
of laws. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

" Mark my words, Canadians '. The struggle has begun it will end in freedom : but timidity, cowardice or lainperiTig 
on our part, will only delay its close. We cannot he reconciled to Itritain. We have humbled ourselves to the I'haraoh ot 
England, to the .Ministers and great people, and they will neither rule us nor let us go. We are determined never to rest until 
independence is ours the prize is a splendid one. .\ iiiuiitry larger llian I'r.iiice or I'.ngland, natural resources eipial to our 

THE\. ro the rx/ox oe the erovixces. 


most hoimdiL'ss wishos, a (Idvcrnmuru i)l'ci|iKil hiws, rL-ligioii pure and iiiidcrilcd, iicr|ictiial peace, uiliication for all, millions of 
acres lor land revcmio, frLTiliim from lirilish iriliule, tree trade with all the world hut sto|) ! I never could ■numerate all the 
hlessinns attendant upon independence I 

" L'p, then, hrave Canadians : (let re.i<ly your rilies and make short work of it; a connection with ICngland would 
involve us in all her wars, midertaken for her own advantage, never for ours. With Ciovernors from I'.ngland we will have 
hrihery at elections, <'(irruptioii, villainv and perpetual discoril in every township ; hut independence would give us the means 
of enjoying many hiessings. Our enemies in Toronto are in terror and dismay; the\' know their wickedness and dread om 
vengeance. * * \V<je to those who op|)ose us, for 'Cioil is our trust.'" 

The publication of this incendiary tractate, we need hardly say, laid U:, writer open to the grim courtesies of the law ; 
and the .\tloriiey-(ieneral of the Province naturally informed the (lovernor that .\lacken/ie should be proceeded against for 
treason. The (iovernor acciuiescing, a warrant was issued for the rebel's arrest. lUit .Mackenzie had lied ere he could lie 
apprehended, and was now busy gathering the clans of revolt for the descent upon the ca|)ital. liesides .\I.acken/ie. among the 
leading Upper Canada plotters of rebellion, were Messrs. \'an Egniond, I'erry, l.ount, .Matthews, Duncombe, .Morrison, .Mont- 
gomery, I'riee, Ciorham, I >oel, (iibson, (;rah;nii. .\nder.son, Ketchuni, Idetcher, l.loyd. with other Toronto citizens and yeomen 
of the county. ( )lher inlluential sympathi/ers there were, such as Robert Halilwin and .Marshall .Spring liidwell, who stopjied 
short, however, at actual and overt rebellion, .\nother name, that of Dr. John Rolph, is to be added to the black list, though 
he belonged to the number of astute rebels, in more or less open disguise. The chief leaders of the revolt in Lower Canada, 

it is iKirilly necess;iry now to say, 

were I'aiiineau, Dr. Wolfred Nelson, 
and IClienne ("artier. 

With the incidents of "the 
rising, " we have space only to deal 
brielh. 'The seditious movement 
seems to have drawn iiuo its vorte\ 
the ycom;'nry chielly of N'onge 
Sireel. e\tendiiig from the northern 
boundary of the city northw;ird to 
\'eHui;irkel and Holland Landing. 
The rallying ))lace of the insurgents 
we naturally fmd, therefore, was 
.Montgiimery's T;ivern. on \ onge 
Street, situate about a mile beyond 
Deer Park, the northern suburb of 
'Toronto. Here, in the opening 
days of December, g;Uhered .M;u-- 
kiii/ie's rank and file, including the 
Toronto contingent, which used to 
meet clandeslinel) ,U I )oeTs brewery, 
on l>ay Street, with a sprinkling of 
moderate Reformers from other parts 
of the Province, now goaded into 
active rebellion. .Arms and accou 
tremeiits h;ul ;dready been quietly 
passeil .diout, anil there was mui-h le.ideii stir in the melting-pot to provide the reciuisite bullets. So l;ir, Torydom in the city 
li.ul not taken mn( h ;il.nin. W'h.U regular troops were in garrison had been ilespatched to Lower C;uiada bv the (iovernor, to 
the ;issistance of men.iied l.iw and order in that Province, liy the prevailing indifference and limpness of ol'tiii.d .nithorin. 
Toronto invited Us doom. Hut its doom, however sternly rebcldom hail decreed it, not yet. 

The date li\iil for the descent upon Toronto was origin.dly the 7th of I )eiember. On Sunday, the ,5rd, when M,icken/ie 
re.iclied the :ippointed reiule/voHs, he learned with surprise th;it Dr. Rolph h.ul <hanged the day to the 4th insl;uu. Why 
this h:Ml been done was ;it the time not clear, though it was surmised that it was in consequence of preparations being 
made by the :iutliorities to put Toronto ill ;l state of defence, and that delay would be bad for the rebels and good for the 
loyalists. The insurgent chief determined, hevever, to I'uul out the position of affairs, and with that purpose he set out 
after dark for the city, accompanied by three of his troopers as a bodyguard. On the way they met two men on horseb;uk, one 
of whom was .Mr. John Powell, an .\lderman of Toronto, who were proceeding as spies in the direction of the rebel cam]). 
Macken/ie's |).irly, being two to one, took the citizens prisoners and sent them on to MoiUgonieiy's, in the custoily of two of 
the insurgents. Hut care, it seems, had not been taki'n to tlivest one of them at le;ist of his concealed we;ipons. T;Lking 
advantage of this oversight, .Alderman Powell, on the way, drew a revolver and killed one of the gu.ird, then wheeled about and 
galloped for the city. Overtaking Mackenzie and his companion, shots were exchanged on the highway, but without tlTect on 
either side ; and Powell continued his flight to the town, where he aroused {iovernor Head from his bed and with him routed 

l\t>n'KNCK 01 Mli. ('. W. HCMIM., IMKKnV I'AliK. 


/■///; Ki: HE 1 1, low ro riii: r.x/o.v ()/■ iiir. i'koi'ini'Es. 

up till' I nil .iiilliiirill("> .Mill siiintiioiu'cl riuniiiii III .inns. Mid i l;iii)iiMii nl lulls, nius iil llir jiii|i<'ii(liii^ ilaiil^cr ivns s|Hr(iil)' 

linillril .lliiilll. MillllltriTs lllllsk'l'cil ill till' I ll\ ll.lll .mil «rlr iniliril, .lllll .1 slliilin |iliki'l \\;is ilrs|i.'llrlll'llll\ ( 'ill. I''it/t;illll(lll, 
|ti'|MII\ ViljIlLlMl ( H'Mcr.ll. Id nllMlil till' I lis nil llli' Mnrlll. .Si i ri'.ll lliiw till' Inj'Jll, tlllll till I li'lllrllilll ( ii.M'lliiii's Ijliiilv 
Wire sciil oil liiijKJ ;i stt'jiiirr in tile li.irliniii' Inr s.ili' ki'i'piii^. I'lii' ncM <Liy, |Mililir irriiKir i niilinniil, iiiiil it was in< rcasril 
wlii'ii iiitrliigrni'f n-arlu'd riiniiilii ini riidi.irisin at work, .ind llial a Inyalisl liccn slmi liy tlir icIh'Is, while ow liis 
wav In iiflrr Ills sirMi'i's lor till' drti'iii r 111 till' I it\. Ihi' \irliin was I .nut. ( nl. .\liiiidii'. ol Kii liinniid llill. a iiliird nllii'rr 
III till' ai'inv. 

In llii iiH'.niwIiilr. llic iMsurm'iits I iinliMiii'd In mass at .Miiiitniiiiu'ry's, and lliitlii-r, nil 'I'lti'sday, tin- ntli, i ainr Rnliiit 
lialilHin .mil |)r. Kiil|ili, mi .111 inili.issy Iniiii tlii- l.icutinant ( inMilini. I'lrin^ williiMit wilttrn 1 irdi'nli.ils, .MarkrII/ic iclusi'd, 
liiiwi'MT, tn til. 11 Hitli till 111. I'll. It tlii'v Win- 1111.11 ru'diti'd pinlialilv lllll' In lln' i'i| piisiiinn |)i. Kiilpli liad assiiiiicd, 
and til .1 diiiilit in till ( liminni's mind nl niiilli's A'/zi; Jida llnwi'Mr, nntlnnn (aiiic nl the parley. Wediiesdav 



M' M \ .1 I I II M I I II Ml l^ I I, 111 noli M UKKl. 

p.isseil witlinut aiu .11 linii lu'inn t.ikeii, till' liisiir^i Ills IrilleMiif^ aw.iy s.ilu.ilile tinii 111 Iniitliss disi iissinii. \\ illi llie iihiiiiih 
arrivi'd < nlniiel \'aii l'4itiinnd, an old I'leiieli nllieer, wlin had servi'il under Napnlenii, and who was at nnie ^imii llii' military 
riitnm.ind ol ihe reliel Inri e. This old lamp.ii^ner went eiiernelie.ilK to work. I le sent part ol llie iiisiirgi'iits 10 the east ol 
the eiiv III destro\ the j toll llrid«e, lo eiil olV eoniniunli .ition, and lo eiide.ivoiir lo duirl to thai i|iiarti'r a porlinii o( the Ion e 
III. 11 now li.istenm^; Irom the west lo llie deleiii e ol Toronlii. Ollhe latter, a large 1 onlinneiil had arri\eil Iroiii I laiiulton, 

lllldel ( olnllel (.liters, 10 Is S|| \||.i|i) Mai N.lli. 

( )ii ilie s.iiiie (riiiiisd.iN ) tile iii.iin enliiinn III the reliels, somewhat shrunken from its orininal slreiinlh of 700 men, 
pressed Iniu.ud upon Toronlo. Simullaiieously llie loyalists, in iiiimlier alioul (;oo, iiinU'd out Irom the 1 ity. Thi' latter were 
I ouiin.inded Ia ( 'olollel |-lt/>;ililiiili, with ( olonel .M.ieNali at llie lie.iil ol " ihe Men ol ( lore. ' I .oyal 1 nnliiigeiils weie also 
under the dire' lion of ( oloiiels ( 'hisliolui and |.ir\is, assisted liy .Mr. Jusln e Mi I .e.iii. Iletween one and two o'l loek in the 
(lay, the two forees ennlronled eai h ollur. Iluy iiinfroiiled e.ieli other. Iiut there no i nuaneineiil. Hardly there i'\en 
,1 I .isiiallv. I'wo lield pin es, l.iliorioiisly dranged liy the loyalisls lo the ground, were liroU({hl into rei|uisili(iii, lull the insur(;elils 
did not si.iy lo see the sullen fun. .\l| there was III the li^ht was .1 couple of random volUys of musketry, and .1 piomiseuoiis 
rtlieal li\ the lllll Is In their onee deli. ml headi|iiarlers, the Tavern. Of emirse, there was .1 speedy dispersion of Ihe whole nliel 
army. Mn krn/n .mil Kolph look lo llij^hl, Ihe former, Ihounh nutlawi'd and with a reward of _/(, 1,000 upon his head, eon 
linuiiiK lor .1 tune le Hive trnulile nn the Ironlier. (''or Iwii others ol llie insiirneiils llieie .111 imli.ipp\ sii|iiel. < »ulraned 
loyally, wlu n il had i.ipiurid .Samuel l.oiint and I'eter Matthews, hanged thein. 

riiiis ended, ill ,1 fiasco, the rising of '57. lliil 111 other w.iys rclielhon was not without pmlit. || liroiighl its 
reforms, though al the liiiu II was freiglilcd with estranging p.issioiis and soi iai disordir. Uilhoul it, politii .il aliiises might 
not have ll.lll so speedy a redress, and more would li,i\i liei 11 tin morrow liioiighl In llie ( oloiiy the Imoii ol sell 

'/■///•; rN/ox, THE KAii.wAV r.NA, A.\n '/•///■: rr.MAS kaids. 



nil'; t'NTioN, iKi'; kaii.uav i;k,\, ami iiiI', ii;m\n kaids. 

CiAINs nl Kl.lll.l.l KIN. I.dldi l)rHIIAM's MasIKKI.V RlI'DHI. l' NION I il I III I Wi ) < AN Mi As. I'dII 1 1( Al. (,)Il:s I KiNS 

OH III! liMi : IlisrosAi. Ill I'di.iiKAi. I'kimini.ks, Ki;hi.i,i.i(iN l.ossi'S Uii i., anh Kki'KI.skn i aiihn iiv I'iiitia i ion. 

I.UKli MkK AMI AMI I'llKV Kri.K. I.(l«li I'J.lilN ANIl Cli.MI'l.l. I 1, Sl.l I ( ioVIK N M IN 1. TdKONKl \'lsll 111 IIV I' IKI-, 
ANIi I'lslll I.N( 1,. I III. Kaii.W.W IvKA ami IIIK Kh M'RIK 1 1 V Tkl \IV. holNlilM, III ('(iMMliN SlIIOlll. lUill AIION. 

Till. .Mink ii'ai. ,Sv>ii.m. \imi m iiii. I'i(IN( i, hi Wail^. Tmi. \\ ak hi Sw i.sskin anii nil. I'Inian Kaiils. 

KiriSII inlinrity iiiid Mi|ir<in,ii y, llimiuli llicy wire iiiipcrillid, were nut (ivrrtlirowii in 
( Miiaila, l>y tlii' srililidiis ilistiirluni rs in llic t\sii iild I'riiviiii is. Rrlirllliiii, wliilr it 
■.y Villi liir llir ilisriiiilriil ^nil ilis.ilTurtiiili nl llic liiiii', \v;is, in ils ii.iliiiiinl riinsi'i|iiriii I's, 
nil niiirr lli.iii lliis ; llioii);li il liii aiiic llir ini'.'ins iil siii i:il :inil polilii ;il niiii'lior.'ilinn, anil 
i;avi' liirlli In A new rDiislilnliiinal era anil a iniirr |iriis|>rriiiis piriiiil iil iniliislrial ilrvrlo|i 
iiirtil. It won for tlir |iiilitii:al aliiisrs, iiniirr wliirli tin- iniipli- hail lun^ sniarliil, tlir 
attrntinn nl tlir lni|K'rial niltliiiritirs : ami tlmiii^li llir nlirl wlmli was ^ranlnl »,is at 
liist an iiii|i(ilrii a|i|iliiatiiin iif llir |iiiiii i|ili\ tin- iilliiiiatr ninnssiiin was tin- Ihmiii, in 
lull iniasiin-, nf Ki-spiiiisilili' ( iiivi-iiinirlil. Iftsiili-s tlir i|ilrstiiin nl niinistrrial ai rniiiit 
aliilily, llirrr wire ntlur i nniplii aliiins nf a iiinrr nr liss riiiharrassinj^ kinil, wliii li inn 

liiM <l till iii.iin isMii in llii' iiiinils 111 llrilisli slatrsiiicii, anil ilrla)ril Inr a tiiiiu llic lair wnrkin^ nf tin appliril niiirily. Ill 

lliiM 1 niiiplii aliniis, HI- iiic-il nu-ntiiili lull Iwn: llir CliTi^y Kisirvis inilirnnlin, anil llir rarial rniiflirl in the l.nwcr rrnviniT, 

wliiii llir llrilisli ami rrnlrslanl niiniirily liail tn li(;lit I'niirli iiatiniialisiii, wliiili thus carlv lirnaii, iimlrr llrilisli riilr, In 

nliiiilii I'rilii li pnuir nil llir St. Uiwrriin-. 'I'lii-sr ilninrslir i nniplii atiiins Inr a tiliii- liivvililrnil Hi itisli .iiliiiinislralinns, in 

tlirir rniii ilialnry allinipls In prnviilr a Irnislalivr modus viiriidi, tliniluli l.iiril Itiirlialn's niaslrrly Krpnrl. Iiail il lirrn liillv 

aiii plril anil rnlliiwcil, wniilil Ikim- iiiaili- tin- way 

plain Inr laij^lisli slati'siiun. Itiil In tin- Olil Liml 

till' ilay III lilirial rnm i->siiins tn a riilniiy liail sian rl\ 

yi'l I niiii', wliilc iMii in lainlanil tlirrc was nim li 

still tn ai liii AC' rn- Uirnrni iniilil lif saiil tn liavi.' 

till rr ilnnr its ttnrk. 

Il sniiii' tiliii' alter llir iviiits rilaliil in 

iiiir List I li.ipirr iri' llir frvir nl pnliliial ilisiniiUnl 

aliatnl in Inrnnln. Tlir Irnilliirs liriill).;lit in lliiir 

train twn tnpiis wliiili I'nr a wliili- krpi tlir pnlitu al 

pnl siiiiniiriii);. Tlusr wcTi' tllf (lispiisal iit tlir pnli 

Ural prisniirr, anil rninpriisalinn, rspnially ill tlir 

l.iittir I'mmiir, Im llir nliillinn Inssrs. Nnr wiru 

iiiallrrs i|iiii't nil tlir Irniiliir. ( 'anailian rrlii^ci's, |^ 

insiinati'il liy Aiiirrn an .hIm ntiinrs, llirn- ^avr Irniililr ' 

In till' ( liiMrniiii'iil. I liniii^li llir aitiM' spirit nl rr 

111 llinii was riiisliril, ilisalfrc linn still siiiniililirril. Nnr 

W.IS llir Iriliiin 111 iiisn iirily anil iinrrst allayril until 

liiiMrimr I trail li.iil rrsigiinl. ami Ins ininiriliatr 

slirrrssiir, Sir ( Irnrnr Arlliiit, liail I iinir ami umir. 

\\\\\\ llir appraraiirr nl l.nril I llirlialii iiii llirsiriir. 

all.iirs lii^.m In niriiil. 'Iliis nnlilnnan hail lirrii 

appnintril (Invrrmir ( iriirral liy llir i.ilirral .\iliiiin 

isliatinn nl I .nnls ( Irry anil Mi lliniirnr, anil was tn 

art as lliuli ( iiniinissinnrr Im tlir ailjiistniriil nl ilir 

iinpnrlatil pnlitiial i|iirstiniis llial ilisliirliril llir Ivtn 

(.'aiindas ; anil Inr (Ihh duly lir was i Intlird with 

spri ial pnwrrs liy till- llrilisli ( Invrriinirlit. I'nr tin 

pcrlurniani f nf Ins lii^li task hr was adiiiiralily lillnl, Si. 1'aui, » Mkiiioiusi Ciii'ih ii, Avi.niik. Koah. 



and his drlcnatod powers ho fxcrciscd (in tlio side hotli of iiu-ri y and (if justico. Unlortuiiatrlv, in tin- ruKllinont of his 
duties, he was not able to satisfy his Imperial masters, aiul, iiieeiiscil at tlie opposition some ol his aets met with in I'.n.uland, lie 
ahniptly resigned his office and withdrew from his mission. 

The Durham Administration, however, brought important results. It was tlie turning-poiiU in tlie poHtieal liistory of 
the ( '.ui.idas ; for while in the country his Lordship had prepared an elaborate report on the situation of affairs, and this states- 
manlike document he submitted to the Home Cioveriuneiu, and, in the main, his views were acted upon. In a clear, bold, and 
dispassionate manner. Lord 1 )urh.un set forth the dil'ficulties besetting governnieiu in the Canadas, and, with rare prescience, 
suggested a confederation of .dl the liritish North .\merican I'rovinces. .Admitting that this project was too great for immediate 
fulfilment, he coiUented lumself with pressing upon the Imperial ("povermuent anil I'arliament a mollification of his siheme, in 
the Legislative L'nion of L'pper and Lower Canada. This idea presented itself as a more feasible one ; and to give it effect, 
the Hritish ('io\erninent sent out to the colony the Hon. .Mr. I'oulett 'I'homson (afterwards Lord .Sydenham), who undertook, 
at a special council convened in Lower C'anada, to draft a bill uniting the two I'rovinces. and to obtain the acce|>tance of the 
measure by the two political parties in both sections of the country. The distinctive provisions of the .\ct (of 1840) were that 
the two I'rovinces should be united under one (lovernment : that there should be one Legislative Council anil one .Vssembly, 
with equal representation in both branches ; and that the I-Aecutive Council should hold oltice oiilv so long as it, as a body, 
commanilcd the siip|)i.>rt of a majority in the popular Chamber, 'riuis was gained what Reform had long and wearily contended 

for government by the people, the 
essential principle of responsible 
political rule. The Ciiioii Mill was 
(lasseil in the Imperial I'arliament 
on the 2.?ril of July, 1840, and it 
came into force in Canada in I'eb- 
ruary of the following year. 

In the new political older of 
things, Toronto for a time lost the 
nominal honours of the capital. 
■['lie first L'nion I'arliament met at 
Kingston, that city being deemed 
more central for conducting tlic ad 
minisirative affairs of the Liiilecl 
l'ro\iiiies. I'lUt rnrolito> piislige 
was not now depeiidenl ii|ion the 
retention or the removal of the 
I.egisl.itiirc. Despite the troubles 
and dislraclions of the period, the 
cilv had grown apace. Ten \ears 
after its incorporation the popiil.ition doubled, while its tr.ide and 
commerce had greatly increased. 
Manv of its lirst men were proii>I 
to sit in the civic chair, and the 
names of those it sent to I'arliament 
became ■' household words." In 1840, loronto for the first time lit its streets with gas, and four years later, Keform founded 
its long-time chief organ of journalism, The Glohe, Cinteniporary with the latter, there were issued In the rapidly-developing 
city, eight or ten other news|)apers, whose names the /'tilriot. Mirror, lianner. Colonist, E.xniiiimr, and C/irisliun Uiiaidiaii 
will be familiar to the old-time citizen. I'd these evidences of progress has to be added those connected with im|>roveiI 
facilities of coimiiunic.ition by laiul and water, besides the building of churches and founding of schools. This period is 
also known as that whiih saw the ereition of the Provincial L'niversily. Occasionally, iirogress had its set-backs, such as the 
great fire in 1S41;, which destroyed half a million of (iroperty, including the Cathedral Church of St. James. This calamity 
was followed by the second outbreak of .XsLitic cholera, which cirried off over five hundred of the city's inhabitants, most of 
whom were lately-arrived immigrants. On the whole, however, 'I'oronto during this |)eriod made great strides. It generated 
the energies and amassed the resources which found further .mil higher development in the next decade, known as that ol the 
Railway lira. 

Karly in the " I-'ilties, " I'oronto and the Province began to re.ip the lienefits of m.ichinery and steam, which for the 
previous twenty years had done so much for the develoimient of the .Mother kind. Hitherto they had Lc^n the servants of 
man in the workshop, the mine and the manufactory ; now they were to be brought into play to carry him and his goods over 
the wide stretches of C'anada and the Continent. Railway enterprise had its inceiUion in Canada in a project for connecting 
Toronto first with I«ike Simcoo and the (leorgian Hay, and afterwards, in the more gigantic undertaking, of connecting Montreal 
with Toronto and the towns of the Western peninsula. The lirst of these enterprises was known as the Ontario, Simcoc & 

ViK.w iiN Jakvis Si hh.i. 

THE rxiox, Tiir kmi.uay eka. .\xn the eemax kaihs. 


Huron R:iil\v,iy, afti-nvnnls and for long called " tiic N'orlhcrii." 'I'liis road was " coniiilftcd and oiiciicd to Aurora in May, 
iSjj, and to ( 'ollingwood in i!<55. in winili year also Toronto obtained direit railway cornninniealion with Hamilton, hy the 
'roronio \" Hamilton (or more familiarly, the ' (ireat Western '), and with Montreal by llie (Irand Tnnik. The latter line was 
later on extended westward to (liielph, and soon after to Sarnia." Tlie " ( Ireat Western " road was also carried tliroiii;li to the 
Niagara River, in the ICast, and to Windsor and the St. Clair River, in the West. (Ireat was the lienelit to Tororuo of these 
roads, for they laid deep the foundations of the commercial fabric wl\i( h now arose in the capital, and fiifnished to the towns of 
the I'roxince a central emporinm for trade. To the I'ommercial development of the city. Reciprocity with the United Sl.ites. 
which had been secured during Lord l'',lnin's re-gime, was very helphil : and Toronto and the I'rovince were also to gain nnich 
by the Civil War which broke out in iS()i in the neighbouring Republic, c.ilannlous as was that event to those iinhai>pily 
engaged in the strife. 

With the political ilevelopnients in Upper Canada, from the period of the Rebellion, the annalist of I'oronto has not 
mu( h lo do. save to record something of the general movements in the then I'nited Provinces, in which the city took part, or 
by which it was in .some degree aided. Of these movements, two were to be distin<tly helpful to Toronto, namely, the 
founding of a system of Common School ediK'a- 
tion, with its higher e\tensions, in the way of 
Ciramniar or High Schools, leading up to the 
University, and the creatioji of the municipal 
.system of local government in cities, towns and 
villages, with power to levy taxes for local im- 
provements, to provide the machinery and pav 
the cost of local administration. The city was 
also more or less aided by the I'arliamentarv 
appropriations of the period for the extension 
of the canal system of the I'rovince, the con- 
struction of coloni/ation roads, the building of 
public works, and the annual disbursements for 
the encouragement of imniigration. .Another 
gain of the time, from which Toronto and the 
country gcner.dly beiieliteil, the granting bv 
the .Mother Land of Connnercial Tieedom to 
the Colony, and the opening of her ports, un- 
taxed, to its lumber, grain and other (iroducts 
of trade. 

In the Canadian Tarliament, |)artv had 
still its burning (|ueslions to fight over, and 
keen and bitter the strife and great the 
social agitation and discord. On the death of 
Lord .Sydenham, c.nne the brief administr.ition 
of Sir Charles liagot. followed, in r,S4j, bv that 
of Sir Charles (afterwards Lord) .Metcalfe. In 
assuming the (loverixir-deneralship, .Metcalfe 
soon betrayed the fait lie looked i.ith dis- 
favour upon Responsible (lovernmeiit, and that 
in the distribution of patronage and appoint- 
iiHiil to ollicc he rigidly upheld the prerogative 
of the Crown. This attitude, with which the 
Dniper Tory Covernment was idelitilied, a 
retrograde step unpalatable to Reform and to the laberal ele lent in the .-ouiitry. Torlmiately the regime did not last kmg, 
for, in 1S47. .Metcalfe withdrew in ill-heallh to Kngl.ind. and he was succeeded in ofhce bv Lord KIgin, a sim in-law of the 
Karl of Durham. The administration of this statesman is marked by the lull development' of Respimsible Covenmieiit. for 
Ins policy was not only .oiieiliatory, but it led him to pay defereii.e to the wishes of the people, as expressed b> their 
Parliamentary representatives, ami to guide himself by the counsels of those only who enjoyed their conlideii. e. His 
regime was unfortunately marred by factious opposition in I'arli.iment, which then met at .Montreal, and was the si cue of 
frenzied riots and incemliarism, and by much wild agitation in both Trovimes. 'This arose over the passing, bv a Reform 
.\dministralion then in power, of the Rebellion Losses liill. a measure which anllioriml the ( loverniiien't to raise to iiideinnify Lower Canadians lor their losses in tS.57, but which was op|iosed by the Tories, on the ground 
the claims were preferred by ami the compensatiim was to be paid to "rebels." Notwithstanding this contention, the Itill 
passed, though it cost the country the loss of the Parliament liuildiiigs, which the .Montreal malcontents gave to the ll.imes, and 
for a time subjected Lord KIgin, though unfairly, to public odium. Time, however, allaved the cx( iteiiieiit, .iiid Toronto once 

Sl. I AMK^' .S..iC,MiK TliKMlVIKUl \S tUCUi 11 AMi IIIK Col.l.Ki.l. Ol I'll AUMAl ' 


I III. ( xiox iiii: A'. Ill II I y r.K.i. .i\i> iiii: ii.xi.ix KAins. 

mure III r.iriic tin- mm I nl ( iiniiiiimiil, tliiiii^^li iirilil ( )ll;m.i w.i^ n.iniril In II ir M.ijr^ly ii-. llii- |irtiii,irn iil i .i|, llir i il\ li;iil 
III sli.iri' with (,)ucli('i' tlir lionniir iit liiiiisiii^ llic I'liilril i',irli;iiii(iil. Uilliii) il'i li.ills, llii- Ijsl ^riiil i|iirslinii uhii li .i^iImIiiI iIiu 
(oiliilry, |iri viiiii-. to tin- iIi'IkiIt-. wliirli lnr.ililiil ( 'iiiiriilrr.iliuii, h;is ul Ki|irisrnl.iliiiii liy l'ii|iiiLilliiii. This iinnsiiir «;is 
(illf «lii( li sniij;lii 111 nil Ti'.iM- llii- niMiilii r nl I '|i|ii t ( ;iii, nil. Ills in ilii ,\,si iiilih -.11 ,is Id I urn ^pnnil uilli llic im n ,i-.i d |in|iiil.i 
til n in llii- rpiirr I'riiMni r. I In- Ki Inrin inili.iliil ,niil jrriiin|ilisliril liy tin- piTMsiiiil i-diirls nl Mi. (iriir;^!- I'rmMi, in ;i 
I'.irli.iinint whose rlni I now w.i-, Mr. jolin ,\. M.iri|iin;ilil, ;i M.iiiir luni rlnrlli In lie ilislinmiisliril in llir liinlur |inlilii,il lilr iif 
till' Miiiii^ n.ilinn. In 1K56. il is wnrlln nl nnlr. llir I'lri inr |>rinri|ilr wjs ;i{i{iliri| In ilii' l.r^isl.iliM' ( 'mini il, .1 rdiirni »liii li 
ill. infill Intnii rh ( 'rii»ii iioiinniitril Imilv iiiln ,in tlriliM' mir, mi iIh ilnilli nl ilu ilun ( inwn ;i|i|iniii|i'i| niriiilirrs. Two 
\r.irs pnAimi^K, .iiinlliir disliirlmij; iiiu-slimi li.iil liii 11 sri .il risl. In Ilu sn iil:iri/.ilinn nl ilu ( '|i-r(;y Kcsrrvrs, In iS^.j, l.nrd 
IJ^jiii riM^niil llir ( iiAirnnr ( liiirnilsliip. ;iiiil »,is siii 1 1 riliil 111 ilu- Inllimiii^.' In .Sii l.ilnnini! \\';ilki-r lli:iil. Si\ ye;irs 
l.ilir. Sir Im Inn mil surnnilrn il llir n-iiis nl I ln\i rniiiiiil In liis sm 1 isMir, I .nnl Mnm k. 

Iliinnn Sir l.illirinil IIimiIs im iipaliry nl nUiir, I nriinln li;iil tlic linnniir nl iiilirl. lining llir I'rini r nl \\:ilrs, tliiii iin a 
tmir llirniiL'li ( '.in:iil.i Tins rinl;ilili- rvrnl in rnrri'il in llir iS^o, «hrn Ills lli^linrss hjs in Ins ninrlmitli yiMr. 
•^^»T .^mr'^^^^^ ^^^m M iiiiij ^^ ■■! ji ■ .. .\i I niMp.iiiiril liy llic |)iikr 



'■f ' 

':'-,^ . ' 

III .\rui .isllr, ( 'nliiliul .Srr- 
ri i.iiN. .mil M liiilli.inl siillr, 
llir I'rilli r lll.lilr Ills SlJlr 

I iilrv iiiln llir I liy, wliii 11 
ll.ld del kill llsrir ill unr 
fiinils :irr.iy In do liniiniir 

In llir III 1 .isinll. .\r\rr dill 
llir '.)lll I 11 ( 111 nl llir West 
|ilrsrlil ,1 lirinllli'r spri l;li If 
nr slinu .1 iiinrr Irrvid 
Inyally. Inr (im- iI.i\s, j n 
inliln ^.i\r llsril lip to tlu.' 
ill liriiiiii nl riilliiisijsin, and 

llir I Ill/IMS Mrll Hllll fai'll 
nllii 1 111 ilri kllin llir Inwil 
uilli ImiiiIiii>^ .mil. .Il u\\i\\\ 
I. ill, 111 lii.lklll^ llir sirrrls 
ilihi/r witli illilliiiii.'ilidiis. 
I'rw wlin saw llir jjrrrlinn 
III llir landing pi. 11 r, 111 tin- 

lIlllllliMi .1111 plill III .1 I I r, 

II inpni.irily rrn Inl .il ihr 

I' nl jnlin Slliil, Hill 

lnr(;rl llir t;ay sirlic. Nnr, 

Uksiiiim K nr M K . \Vi 1 1 1 \ M ( II k 1 ■. 1 1 1 , I' r s', I'.M) K. 1,1 ,||| ,'nipraraiii r, tlit' 

rriiii r hiiiisrll ilidilfrrriil tn tlir passiniialr riilliiisi.isin wliii li j.!.ivi' wrii oliir In llrilain s lirir .ipparriil and \ii Inria's rldrsl son. 

Ill sli.irp I milrasl. iiiili.ippily. In I Ills si riir nl j;l,ii|iirss and IrsliMly. was aiinllur K.illirrin^ nl llir |iiipiilai r nil rninnln'K 

W.llrrlrnlll six Vr.irs .lllrr«.irds. (In lll.ll mr.islnn llir SI rllr nllr III Wiipili;; alld W.lllinj,'. llir iMIllllj^ ».ls lll.ll of 

Sunday, llir .{rd ol Jiiiir, I X'l'i. hIhii llir slr.mirr, llir {'il\ "f I'lucnln, liriiii);;lit liai k to llinr limiirs llir and wniindrd (roni 
the lirld o( Kidufway, whu li wiliu-ssrd llir l.r.m- dc i d nl .1 li.iiidliil iti ( '.iiiadiaii V'oliinlrrrs drlrndiiin their (niinlrv's snil 
frniii tlie desei r.ilinn inv.isimi nl .1 li.ind nf leiiiali Twn days l)e((ire, these voiithriil patriots, nirniliers ol ihe 
gallant lily (orps, the (_tiieen's Own Killes, had nolle forth in the joy anilliisliness of life, .N'ow thry wire lieinn reieived liy 
their anxious nr lirrr.'ivrd rel.ilives and a whole lilvhil nl pinplr, who, with a roinninn alinnsl .1 diMiie iiiipiih< , had 
gathered to do hoiiniir In the iiieinory of the fallen, and Willi a Inm liin|{ sympathy, raf^erly soii;;lil to lend the sirirkrii and the 
wounded. Searrely less impressive was tlie iiioiirnflll pageant, a lew davs afiewards, wliirh wound its w.u ihroii^jli Ihr sirrels 
of the eity, tniil the sorrow strii ken and rrvrrnil iniilliliidr. to llir Imiili. Thr siilijei t is Ion painful In linger over ; lull it has 
its liri'.dil side, ill the iMilrni I' il furnishes siirrrrd .11 is srnliiinnl and palriolistii may In, ilir\ .ire nevertheless ai live 
pri'.i' iples ill tlir lire.ists of I oroiilos sons and in the ■ oinnioil heart of the youlh of Canada, iinpellinn llinn, 111 llir hour of 
ncft 1.0 )e true to their liiaiihnod, and loyal ami liliseHisli in the scrvii e they offer and render to their ( oiiiilry. 

C(>.\//:/>/:u.r/7i>.\ .i.\7> ( /r/c /■x/'.tx.s/o.v. 


( llAI'TI.k X, 
<<iNi i.hi.K \ ri()\ AM) ( |\|( i.xi'.wsrov, 

DoMIMliV |)\\ xsri III! ClUSM II I' III IM I) IS. l.ll;l,l<M|OS !■ KDM III K I'l 11.11 l( A f , I )l-,Alil,(K K . Till ( riM |,|,| im 1 1' )N 
Sclll.MI, Isllol-MMI I.I (iMM'I'ilN III! I\|i.\. roKOMO lilKiMI.S MM. I'lUlVIMIM ( M'llM. (i.MS^OI IIIK 
l.\ >l I U I ', n N IM' . I III ( I U , MI'lhl -, IS I'lllM 1 \ IIOS \SI. Kl MIV. Si MIMH , Ol ll , ('(iMMI.IU I,\|, 1)1. VI, I.I iI' 

''ll'-l- l'llll^■Pl nil < Ill/is. \SI. 1)1 I'l SI.ISi. Kl,lll,l,| ClIMMIIIK IN llsrilll.ll .\Il.v. TllKllNlll'-, ( IIII.K 

M M.i>ii' \ll.^ -isi I nil ( I n \ Isi iiiii'iiiMiHis. 

.\ rill-, isl il.iv III July. iHr.j, ,1 (fi.iu^^c tniik |il.irc IM till' |Mililii;il syslnii ntinli liillicrto 
r\Klril ;iiiiiiii)4 ilic- SL-viT.)l rriiviiiir^ 1 .1 lirilisli Norlli .\iiiirii.i. Iliis laiiir iiliout, 
|iriiM:irily, .1^ Ihf ri'siill of ;i (li-.Kllnrk in tin- um (';iii.iil,is, in the l',irli,iliii-nl of which 
liHisbtuiii h.iil Ion;; liciii hiii(li.Ti;il by the .strife of |),irliis, nciltitr of whom roiilil now 
I oiiiim.iimI ;i siillii lint ni.ijority to cikiIiIl- it rftii jciilly to aihninislcr jlTjirs. lint union .ilrr.iily in ihr air ; for at Ihr prriod the M.iritinie I'rovini cs i onti-inplatcil ,i iloser 
alliani f aiiioiiK llnnisclvcs, whilr reason, as well as cxpeilieney, siiHK''steil that in the 
liro.nlir li^'lil 111 a new ilay. ami in view of roinplicaljons that rninht possihly arise 
liilweeii the .Motlur ( 'oiintry ami tin- neij^hhoiirmg Repillilii , as llie r, income of the War 
111 .Sei cion, there shoiilil lie a union of a more r-oinprehensive kinri aiming all tin- 
lirilish I oinnmnilie^ ol the ( ontinent. This eminenlly sane ami patriolii projei t, whii h, 
It «ill lie reineiiiliereil, w.i^ niooteil liy I.oril l>nrliain, hail lor ^miie \ears lieen liefore the minds of the leailm^ ( anailiari 
piililH laiis. ami liv a (ew ol iheiii h.iil lieeii ilisciissei! with Itrilish stalesiiien. I'rom the first, the Mother ( 'oiinlry lookod 
lavoiir.ililv on the si heme, lor she saw hi r possi ^sioiis in the Neiv W orld lieeoinin;; more hopelessly distracted hy party "onlln ts 
and olhei intern. il dissensions, and wilhoiit ,iny liri;;ht oiitlnok or liomi ol union, s.ive whii'h ICnj;lisli soverei^;iity in i oniiiion 
supplied. W isel), llierefore, shi' deeim-d the measure one «hii h she i oiild heartily encoiira(,'e, ihoiinh the proposal, she properly 
coiuliided, must ori^in.ite with the Colonie, .md mil wilh the CroHii. [m re.isin^' differeiiees of rare ami interest in the 
Parliament of the old ( '.inadas at List prei ipilalcd ;i ( risis, .■iiid hroiiKht what had heretofore been Imt ;i va^iie ide.i into the 
.ireii.i of pr.ieiieal polilii s, ,\t thi' perioil there were seven diiliiiet Colonies in liritish .America, owning alle;^i.intc to llrit.iin, 
111 h ll we except the two (an.iilas li.ivmv; its own politicil system and separate ( iovernment. 'riiese were ihi- I'rininces 
111 N.n.i Si otia, .New lirunswii k, rriiice lalw.ird Isl.iml, the iwo .md the ( rown ( 'olonies of Newfoiimll.ind .md 
jiritish ( 'oliimlii.i. The to led 
crate thi-.e, iiiidi r .i ;^i ( )o\eriimeiit. 
with ;i Miliordin.ite I .e^i^l.iliiie in e.ii h j'rin 
imc, h.niiiH jiirisdii lion over its own loial 
all.iirs. The projei t lontimiinK to eny.i;^!- 
the attention ol Canadian statesmen. .1 i on 
venlion of represeiit.ilives from the v.iiioin 
rrosinii-, nil I in iSrij, llrst .it Cli.irlnlle 
town. I'. I, I., .md lln 11 .11 (,)iieliei, to disi 11,, 

till- le.lsllilllK 111 ihe sehelilc, .ind (iliallv In^e the terms ol the 1 oniempl.ited iimoii. 
In the followinu year, the l.e^i>l.i 
tiire adopted thi' L'nion Kesohitioiis, wlin h 
iiy tills time, ,is He have said, ll.ld reieued 
the hearty support nl the .inthoritu s: 
and the next iiiom H.l^ .1 meetin;.; ol I'ro 
Mm dele^.iie. 111 1 .1 iiidon to arr.iii^ie w II ll 
the Home (ioMrnment a basis ol 
nniiiii. The deleKates from N'ewfoimdl.ind 
withdrew from the si heme. The I'lnal result 
was the passing in the Imperial I'arliamc iit 
of the British North .\merie.i .\c i. .md ihe 
r.ilifvinnof theConfedeiaiion propos.ils. 'riie u, ,, „, . . i, ,• ^ i. 

' ' K^^iniiM ► or Ini. (1. S. KVKIISIIN, Coli.Ki.l' SlKKfl. 


C(>.\7/:/)/:A'.I77().\ ./.\/J C/I7C AX/'.IXS/OX. 

I'liicin tnilir.icid. ;\^ ;ill mir iiddirs kimw, tlii.' luiir I'ruviiicis (if N'iiv,i Si oli.i. New liruiiswii k, .mil l'|i|nr .iiiil Lower ('.imiiiI.i, 
iiiuliT till- (li'^inn.itiiii) iif till' 1 )oiiiiniiin ul' { 'aii;ul;i. 'I'lic iianu' nf rpiHT Caiiaila was cliaiijjcil lo ( )nlari(i. ami that nl' l.uwrr 
Canaila 111 (Jik-lii'C. I'rovision at llu' saiiu' time made I'ur llie adiiiissimi of iitlur rrnvinces. wliieli miKliI desire to (ome 
into llie L'liion. Arrannemcnls Were Milisei|uently made lor the aiiiuirenieiil liy piiriliase ol' tlie lliid>oii's Itay Coiiipaiiy's 
interests ill llie \asl region of the North West, anil for the constriielioii of an Intereoloiiial Railway, loiiiiei lin(; the Maritime 
l'ro\in<es with the two Caradas. Lord Monek became the first (iovermir-Cieneral of the Dominion, while i.ienteiiant (ioverimrs 
wen- appointed to the several Provinces. iCIections were at once held under the new constitution, and the first 1 )oniinion 
I'arliament met, in i.Sdj, at Ottawa, now the permanent seat of (iovernmeiit. Sir John .\. M.udonald li ing I'reinii-r. 

We sh.dl lint complete the political simniiarv, if we chronicle the fact that, in iSyr, liritish Colmnliia entered Confedera- 
tion. thoiij;h she stipulated in doing so that it he lonnected with the I'.ast liy a lailw.iy across the ( ontineiit. .M'Iit various 
misaihentures of a political kind, which we need not here go into, this great undertaking was completed, in i.S,S(). to \'.mcou\er 
and the sea. and the Pacific Provinie, with its vast resounes. was thus hrought within easy reach of the older settlements. In 
1S70, Manitoba was carved out of the North-West ; and three years later, Prince ICdward Island completed the chain, from 
ocean to ocean, nf the Confederated liritish Colonies liy entering the Hominion. 

In this Northern h'.mpire of liritain, on the Aimrican Continent, the Provinii' of ( )nt.irio holds the chiel placi. and 
'roronto, its capit.d. has a high and um li.illeMged sh.ire in its prestige and honours. It is perhaps not an i A.iggeration to say 

llnl: I liri.M'KAI. (lAklPKNs AMI I'AVIIInN. 

that Toronto has had nuicli to do in making, at ome, the Province and the llominiiin. hrom lur loins ha\e gone lortli not a 
little (if the lirain and muscle which have entered into both and contributed to their stability and greatness. Solar as loial 
government is concerned, Confederation has conferred a boon noon both the capital anil the Province. It has taken from 
'roronto some political importance, but it has given it peace, and removed from it 'he chief cockpit of party estrangement and 
strife. That has gone to the other end of the Province, and ours to-d.iy is the happiest of all histories. < )nly the ghosts of old 
factions now stalk in our legislative halls, though we sometimes seek to reanimate them with the evil spirit of the past. Put we 
have something better to do than this. On our people devolves the care of half a continent, whose nsources are illimitable, 
whose <apabililies are untold. Ours is a noble heritage. In population, if we have not as vet the innnbers which betoken 
progress, we have a country vast and productive enough to n-ar numbers. In our .North West we haw a belt of land which 
could provide sustenance, with plenty, for thirty or forty millions. In Ontario alone, twice the present population of the 
whole Dominion could be comfortably housed and fed. 

With such a past and present, if we are but true to ourselves, who can despair of what the future will bring ? The past 
twenty years' progress of Toronto is in itself sufficient to dispel all doubts. The developnent of the city is but a rellex of the 
development of the nation as a wliole. If this is challenged, let the i|uestiiiner look abroad, and if he has known what 
the country was a generation ago, he will, if a candid man, be convinied. Nor has the orogress alone been ntaterial. liesides 
th advance in wealth, an<l all that wealth has brought in its train, there has been a steady rise in the moral ami intellectual 



status (if llir |)t()|)li'. 'I'lir piin in tliis diniiion is |irrlia|)s ikiI all thai \vf ( iiuM wi>li it to have liri'li, hut thi- |ir(igri'ss has 
hern ii|i«ar(l : and llir asic-nl has mil hivii that iil'a class, lint (il' the pciipli' as a wIkiIc. In (iiir iialiiiiial (ililliidk, thiTc is not 
a little slill lo |nr|ili'\ ami lirwiliUr ; hut there is also much to encourage anil ins|iire. 

Only o|itiMiistie ean lii' the ohserver of the reeent urowlh (if 'I'oronto. Since Confeileralion, its strides in i)o|iulation 
and realty outvie escn the nuishriioni growlli ol the typical Western ( ity. In 1SO7, the population was under 50,000, 
and the realty jo niilliun ; today the population is in the neinhliourhocid ol.!00,ooo, while the realty evceeds a 1 .^5 millions ! 
It is said that on one of <iur streets 'Toronto Street thoU};h only a lilock in lentil, the realty an<l personalty are assessed, 
in round nuniliers, at one million doll.irs. 'The imports of the city, within the perioil, show a like marvellous advance. 
In iSti;, the amount was a trille o\er seven millions ; in iSHcj, they approached twenty millions. I''a<ls such as these s|ieak 
volumes. When we lousider not only this ama/iii),' increase, in population and in the \alue ol the city's ratable property, 
lint the evideiK IS on all sides of solid prosperity and substantial comlort, and even luxury, we may venture to picture the 
'Toronto ol' the coming time as a place u( phenomenal importance, and wielding great inllueme over the destinies ol' the 
country. .\lu( li in this respect will of course <lepenil on 
the character of its public men. the repute and public 
spirit of its <iti/cn^. .uid the mamur in which its aff.iirs 
are administered. T.iliiolism re(|uires that a man shall 
work for his country and fellowmen as he works for 
himself. Self-seeking and the building up of the indi- 
vidual at the expense of e\ery other interest has been 
too often the rule, and civic life has thus been deprived 
(if its animating principle, and the public weal has been 
left to shift for itself. Cities, like nations, il should be 
remembered, are living and growing or atrophied and 
dving organisms ; and the individual citi/en has a pro- 
portion.ite interest in the life and prosperity, and a 
corresponding responsibility for the decay and lelrogres 
sion, of the citv which he makes his habitation and linds 
his daily bread. 

( )f interest in any historical retrospect of Toronto's 
annaK must be the list of her chief magistrates. 'There 
h.ive been, in .dl, twenty six men who h.ive filled the 
civic chair since the city's incorporation in 1834. Of 
the number, most of them have been her own sons and 
some of them her best blood. .Xot a few have served 
her interests so well, that they have enjoyed a second. 
and even a third, term. In the early days, when the 
incumbent of ollice was elected by the Council rather 
than liv the people, some mayors have even done better 
than a third term. The list is full of interest for another reason, 
of a high olfice conferred upon them, but identifies with successive periods in the life of the city those who have been in l.iboriously and fiithhilly serving her. We append the list : — 


Kksmiincf. 01 Mk.C' Uiuki>.\n, i.Mkks'-- Tauk. 
It marks out not onlv the n'^n who have had the distinction 

■M.WOkS OK ToKdNlll SIN( 1; Us IS( (IKI'OK AridN. 

1S34. Wm. I. yon M,icken/ie. 

18.55. """■ l^- '■'• Sullivan, !,).('. 

iS,'/i. Thus. D. .Morrison, M.I). 

iS,i7. (ieorge ( 'lUrnelt. 

I'^.i^ ,;') 4°. John I'lnvell. 

TS4 1. (Ieorge Monro. 

|X.(2 4,5 ^.\. Hon. Henry Sherwciod, (J.C'. 

1845 46 47. Wm. Henry lioulton. 

1848 41) 50. (Ieorge (airnett, 

1851 52 53. John Cieo. Mowes. 

1854. Joshua (1. Heard. 

1S55. Hon. Ceo. W. .Mian, D.C.I,. 

185^1. Hon. Jno. lieverley Robinson. 

1857. John Hutchison. 

1858. Wm. Henry Houlton. 
1858. I), lireckenridge Read, Q.C. 

1851) (10. Hon. (Sir) .\dam Wilson. (,).('. 
Jno. Carr, President of Council. 
1861 (1; <i\. Johndeo. Howes. 
1864 (15 UU. I'rancis H. .Medcalf 
1867 ()8. James V.. Smith. 
i8(i() 70. Samuel I(. Harman. 
1871 72. Joseph Sheard. 
1873. .Mexander .Manning. 
1874 75. T'rancis II. Medcalf 
I*'?'' 77 7'**- .Vngus .Morrison. 
i87() 80. James Meaty, D.C.I,., (,).('. 
1881 82. Wm. I!. Mc.Murrich. M..\. 
1883 84. .\rthur R. lioswell. 
1885. .Alexander Manning. 
1886 87. Wm. II. Howland. 
1888-89 90. Kdward V. Clarke, .M.l'.I'. 


/■///. /('/.'(' \ /(I (I/- /() /). / )• 

(I I. All I'.K Xl. 

■| III. I I iKi IN I I I ()| I () |i \S 

■|'<i|(iiM(i ( 'iiMK \-.l Ml «ll II MdNIIMM \SI' l,lr I |;l c . Il,(,luuill ul llll \\\n \Mi(l\ll I ,M IM'i .| | M I S I . jc i|.c iMi i 
A I'lKI I l-ll \Mi I'mil I • I \S I ( I I \ . I I I M.I III M WIP >'« I \l I A ' III I IMS. K \ I'l I r \ I n \ \i I I \ I '. iM I \ I II iN, 
kl M I \ \Mi ( MNnll |.-( I \l I Ml'. H' I \M I \ I 1 I' \l I |. .S> V . \ I'l \l I ' .1 Kl l|.| \l I . ( II M\l I .1 llll I I \\|. \Ml 

ll\l<r.llll!. I1|MI\ I.I II klllM .\l:i III II I I I HI , Nl rt 111 II I. IM. I.M M'lUI.I.-. I'l III II IHiIVI. \S|i I'ahk^. 

1 1 1; liisliiry (if Turiiiilii, .is llmsr i\liu Ii.IIium iI us llirmiuli llii sc p.inis hII! Ikhc sirii. 
Is prilly iMiiili llic liislory III llir I'mvim r, ul wlmli li is imw tin- iiM|iiisiiij; inili(i|Mills. 
Till lu.i iiiMir iiii,^,.iiiK mill I 111-,!-, (iiT.isii)ii,illy inln |.rnliiii.. .iml, i nir.KJiriii).; ihr 
ImiIiIh »im1. 111. I I 111 I II I 111 Ml K mill ilis,iil\.iiil.i^',riiiis I, I . .|..i i.ilh i . llii> llir i .isr m 
liiriMili .mil iiiiiIm\.iI iutiiiiI i.I llicijly's r.iiiii, wlnii lln- rimmir u.i, linnn iiuiuli 
liiAMi mil 111 llir Hilili-iiirss .mil lU .iH.iii , .nliiimisii ml lis .111 Ksiiiilur ulii.^r uliuli' 
111.11 liiiirry nil lovcrniiuiil ■ . iitn i| m I uriiiiln, imd wliosi- -,ii\,mu wm- mil .ihv.iys 
llir scr\,lllls of till- plllllir, hlll llmsr nl .1 jlinlii Jl the ('.i|ij|;il. \ it riiliilltn Iwis ;IM illUT- 
rslill^ lilCll history ol its own, nut. Il h true, llkr tll.ll nl (,)llrliri III .MnntliMl, lull 111 llll- 
S^ slllkni;; :illll |lll llllrsi|lli- llrlilrllls »ll|i II In lull;.. In llll I liln 11 l.';;lllir nl nil! ( ', Ullll 

tlir solilii r .mil llll' {iiiisi uilliiiiils ». ills, .mil ii.iiuir .iml n.iliiir^ s,iv.ij;t' witlioiil. || 

kiiru no li'iuLiI St. Ill', lliiiii;;li It li.ul .111 .iiiliii r.ii \ ulm li Inr .1 liiiii nili il 11. .iml lilli nil its iIim ln| nl, .is lliinijjli il«, novtTii- 

iiii 111 uirr tliJt ol tlu' .Miililk' .N^i-'s. liiM rtliilr '1111011111 nritlnr llir liistory .ilUii Ins, sjy, to f.lilrliri. iim llic |iiisllioii li.i . );ivt-ii llinl cily its l.-iini-, liiT past is liy no nii-ans lai kiiiH in im iilc-nl, llioiit;li Iht annals, siih r tin stirrinn cia 
ol' i.Sii .ind tin; Iroilliloiis liini-s of 1X57, arc ni.iini) iIiosl' of pi.-iii-. 'llir rise nl Toronlo, linuiAi r, llioii;;li rlmlly, li,is mil 
lircn W'liolly, cliii' In llic cnlvrprisr nl 1 ivilj.iiis, nr to ilic iinillstiirlii'il pnisiiils ol a linir of pi.n r. I lir rmlr nursings of wai, 
as we li.ivr sitii, ii.iiIIi i| tin- iily s liiiilis mln lusty lilr. In Us iarl\ i|a\s, its pnpiil.ilion h.iil a l.ii;.,r iiiilil.m mlnsinn, «liilr, 
I.I 1 11 nil, mil .1 lit III III Ms growth sin it up iliirin;; .1 Irnj^tliiiii i| pi rim I ol 1 ml ciiilirniliiiinl. \\ i- m m .il .n. ili.ii .it tin liiiii' 
nl ils im III jini.ilinii ,1s a I il\', '!'nronto's iLinirwuik sh.tki n in il > sm kil li\ pnliln .il sli ilr, w Inli it-, iinmn i|].i1 s\ .Iriii 

lolimlril .inml tin- mUsi' ol l.irllnll ami Hlllllllr Inllilms, nlp.i|l\ i ollli lllloll. \il\vll.ll U,ls ilolli' linn, llir proplr illjiiV 


In I onlr.isl to llir lilirs on llir Si. I.;i\vrriirr. Toronto is ,i lirilisli ami, in llir main, .1 1 lU. "I low I'jiglisli is 
Toriiiiln ■ Is tlir rninninn rnnark nf llir visitor, wlirlhrr lir 1 onus from llir .Motlirrl.iml itsi It or Ironi lln- Rrpiililir to llir sniitli 
of lis, I'jij^llsli spin li .Hill I'ainlish 
till- I liarai Irrisiii ■. nl niu pi'iplr. In fn r 
.lllil li^lin. Ion, nlir pnpul.lllnll 1 nlllrss kill 
ship uiih tin- .Mnlhrrl.iml .ii'ro-.s tlir si.i, ami 
III If. IS I ii>toms, haliils, .iiul insliliitioiis hrrr 
laithliillv rrproiluml. I'.vrll Ihr lloiiirin la 
liirr of onr stirrts, thoiit;h not ihr rn lan)^ 
iiiillinil in wlinli ihry arr l.iiil nut, speaks 

rloi|llinlly ill Ihr ()li| I..1II1I. uhrinr I. mil' 

thr sliirily lilr ill. It n I l.iiiiiril till 111 Irniii ihr 
wilili rinss. 

Thr .mil sm rvnliition ol 
'I'liiniilo. rspri iaily svilliin llir l.i^l tun ili 
lailrs. Is sn rnnark. ililr as In lir aliniiNi 
wilhnut a p.iralli I in llir lii-.lnry nf ihr 1 oin 
liilinilirs of thr Nru W'nrlil. It N so ;;rali 
fyinn a fin iiiiia.mi I ili.ii its proplr iiia\ will 
point to it with priili . Whin il msr in ihr 
(linnily of a 1 ily, its .11 )iopiilatioii 
prri isriy 9,354 souls ; tin yr.irs l.itrr, thr 
population hail iloiililnl ; in .inothrr Irii vr.irs, 
that again 11. Ill ilniililnl. In iS.So, thr popn 
lalion, iii<'luilin}{ thr sniiiirlis, liail risrii In a 

100,000: to (l.iy, as wr know, it is 200,000! 

Thr \alnr of assrssalilr prnprrty, within thr vikw M "( iioki.kv I'.vhk," .Summik |;i Km \Ik. .Imis II.m i.a.m. 


I III. i<>hui\i() Oh loi'.n i.i 

I (M I Jill. 1 1 1. Ill, li.i , ,il,n. Ml II I I Ml M .11 . r.|ii I i.ill\. ri-.i II li\ li .1)1. .mil I ml 1 1 II I .. In i.S;i), I In n .ili\ u,i . 50 miiIImmi .: l.i <l M .11 II 
KIM- In I i'l iiiilliiiii .' \\ illiiii III. ..inn jii 1 11 III, 1 1 Mil lull 1 1 II i.ilr III l.ix.ilhiii In .11 11 iliin i| liniii 1 7 ' .. In i.( '.. inllK, iIh' mmiiii.iI 
mill III i| 1.1 1 .is,i,,iiiiiii 1 1. II I ijiiiilili il. Ill iKji), 1 1 II iiMiiiii- ilriui il In nil 1. 1 S.I I mil «.i ,, in inn ml niinilM rs, tcpo.uoo ; Li-,1 \r,ii 

(1KH9), It ll.lll ll'-ifl In nM I I J, 000,000 ! rill Ills, .null . Ml |in|illl.illnll .U|i| I.IV.llllr rti.lllll ,llr In.lll lied liy I llr urnH ill 1)1' 

its I Inn II -it M lr,i(lc, .IS He 11 ,is liy I In- ilir rr.iM- nl I lie MiliiiiK nl IK Inn i^ii iinlmrls ,iimI i >.|inil .. IIikIi iilsn is llii- sljliis In wliic II 
TninMln risiii ;is ilw nn Ml iiKiii .inil cll^liilinliiin i iiiln- nl iiiiliislry ;iiiil i fiiiiiiirn r. In il, tlic riili l'ni\iiii c n|( hil.inn, 
with nnl ,1 hull' nl lln- unit Nnrlli West, is liilinl.iry. Il Imi miii' ,i vjsl i ninmcn i'ni|inriilin, ;i unjl r:iil«;iy Jiiil slii))|iilin 

renin-, llir lilc-ivirv ' linl) ' III till- I) iiiinn. llir \li i i .1 nl IniirisK. .111 l':|iisrn|ij| jiid ,\n:liic|iisin| Sir, .111(1 the cci lisi^ 

lic,u|i|iijrliis nf lllnlll'lnu^ ill I .limn,, ilir n| ili, I.ih (nnil.. lln I'lnvirii-illl l.i.'nis|jllilr, lln- riiiMi^ilii s, ( nllini, .111(1 

(jriMl s( linnU nl l( .iiiini^. In .idililmn In .ill llii.i 11 li.i. In 1 niiir .1 nm.i .illi.n live |il.i(r nf n'.,i(lrii( r, 

■|lic 1 li.iiin nrrnrniiln. Ill lln, l.ilirr ii-|ii 1 I, i, (iiiMl, ;iii(| en li m .11 ;ii|i|-, in il , .illr.n linn .. Ilir il -.Inil-,, llic 
parks, lln- driii s ; die 1 nnl lin(V( s limn lln- l.ikc, Willi ;i piill In die llnnilicr ; lln- Icrry p.iss.ini In lln- Isl.ind, ni In die iiiiiiiy 
iicccssililc n'snils nil die w.ilcr Irniil cxlciidili;.' (Msl .1 nil west nl lliciily: y;ii lilin^' nn die Likr, jii .illiTiinnn trip In \i;i;^.ir.i, 

1 nl.n:, I'. I \1. Il.i-l i I \l . ( .1 I 1 :,\l I' s I (. I I I 1 \ 

( iriiiisliy, 1 l.nnillnn nr Si. ( '.idi. nines ; or :i inn up n\er Sinidiu In lln' Miisknk.i I ..ikes ;iiid die { lenrnijii lliis, iiKike .1 siniiiinr 
rcsideiiee in die I'limin in. Impnlis :i jny ■.\\\i\ deli^lil. Nni .iie die nn .iiis nl^inj; die uiiilei .njnv.ililv and iiislim In. i\ 
willi ,\( ( ess In lilitaries, innseiiins and arl g.illeries. Iiesides die alliai liniis nl lei Inns, ( hik crls, nperas, etc. Uss ple.isin^; nr 
alinndaiil, .\nr slinnld the altr.ietinns nl die "hair" lime, Inr a Inrliiinlil ea( h ,'inliiinii, lie fnrnnlleii, diiriiin w'ikIi die 
liidiislrial I'Aliiliilinii .Assni iaiinii lays every aeli\ily inider Irilmle, nnl niih In pi. s. nl di.- \ isilnr willi a pleasing and mslriK d\c 
spei I.K le, lint In Insler die aurienUnral and niaiinl.K Inrni); indnslries nl lli, I'nuinie, t.i afliinl evideiiee nl llieir inarvfllniis 

t;ni«lli, and In displ.iy die 111. .il a. lii.Minenls nr die pin.lni Is nl die year. 

Nellller die Inrnllln nl lln p.lsl nnr die Inrnllln nl Ind.lV nHes .niylllin^; tc its IKIlliral pnsilini). Ill llli. nspeel it is 
iiiilik. ,\|, l.iii.lie. , ni in. 11 ( lltaH.i ; II is nn I ily s. I np.iii .1 liill. Its one ^Inry is its li.irlinnr, «lin li i-. iini niiU ns.liil 
Inn lie.inlihil. This spai inns liasiii is s( reeiied Iniin llie lake liy a line island lender, a delinlillnl smniner resnri nl the ( ili/eiis, 
nn wliM 11 may lie seen niiinlierless pieliiresiine enltanes, while nn the li.iy (lispnrl every spc'cies nl s.iiliii)^, sieaininn and rnwinn 
crall. 'I'he (ily itsell lies nil a pl.nn, wilh a risiiif^ im lin.ilinii In die imilliw.ird. It ( nvers an are.i live miles in lire.idtli 


////. /oA'o \ /(> (>/■ /(> /> I \: 

{i.r. |I.IM|I< I VMlll till l.lki I lis lllll I' llllll. Ill llijllll ll.r. \. Hill S.. Ill llllllllll^ li.ll k lllilll III!' »,llrl lliillt). r.i Millll ihr »I|.I|M'S, 

ri^lii^; ii|i Itniii llii li.u,.irr llitir liiiiiilrrd iiiili's iil lir.ini liiii^; •-Inrl-,, wliic li imIitmi I r.ii li cilliit, nriiit;ilK ,il ii^lil .Miniis, 
.Mill in »IimIi "Iim. iihim jiiiI li.ivr lliiir liriii);" tun liiiiiiltiil tlMiii'..iiii| snilis. I'lii' i liiil slriili iliMiliil In rit.iti lillslliiss ;iM' 
Kiiij; .mil ','111 Til. niiiiiiiij; |i.ii,ill(l uitli llii' li.iy .iiid .1 U\\ lilmks iinrlli nl it, .iiid \iiiij;c Sitirt, ' Ic.iMii^; llif i itv 111 Itt.iiii iiiiil 
I Ali'tlilltl^ til lis llnrtlli III llMllls .mil Im'ViiihI till III I III .lli'.l III till' lillsllii'^s |iiirlliill i>l lllr I Itv iM I ll|ilril In till' l;lt^i|' uIiiiIi'sjIi' 

ll<ill>r>. Mil' li.lllk-., tlM.llMl.ll llisllllll i| III .III. nil I' I nlii|i.uilrs, llir ( •nM'lllllllIlt .llli I M IIIIK I|>.|| I lllii < .. rli ., in.lV lie 

iiidiiMtril ;is liitHii n limit .nid llir I, |il.iii,idi' .mil Adi l.mlr Mn it, .mil lirtHiin \i.ik sinri ;iiid tin M.nkit. I In- 

rrsldl lltl.ll | nl tlir 1 Itv III . I 1 1 II IK tn till- linllli ,illi| \M 1 nl tlii' lill<lli|..,\ -.i i tinll, .11 id |.< ui II .rt nil .nil I nl n.i || ii nlri | li\ .mil lnv^^ 111 di t.n linl nr m nil di l.ii lird linn.r., uilli liniiliA.iiil ., l.iHii", jiiil Inir sIkkIc Hits. W Ii.iI llir illy links III 

pli lliri'si|llrlli'ss nl sllll.ltlnii is »(.|| iitniiid 
Ini III till ludi'lHi'^ iMUulirlr Hull 
till I'M' nl I nltu.lli'd ,r .till III l.isir, I Ills 
Iniils r\{in".MnH III till |ili .l'>HI^ 11 \l\.\\ nl nlil 
r.HKil~<ll ;iri llllll lllll' HI till' III. HIS iMIld.nlllr 
vIIIjs, I hiiri lies iiiid |iiilili< linildiii^s nl tin 
i|l\ Nnr Is tills t.islr less ii|>|Mri'lil in tin 
iii.ninnnlli .Inns .ind H.iti'liniisi.s nl i niii 

lllrlir. till' li.illk .. III. III. nnr Mini lllLi I ii l.i I 
r.l.llllldllni Ills. »llli|| ll.lM llllll rli'iliil HI 

ii'i ml M.irs jiid «liiili li.iM- Imtii I.iI).;i'K 
lilnll)^llt Kltlini till' s|illrrr nl ;ilt. W i li.iM' 
Imu Irss llinisy .lirt t ilnli ii| w i ind niH.HHi II 
l.illnll. .hi! Illnri' nl dri iiMlIM' uiilk III stniii . 
Induiilll.illlv is .1 .sriliipn list It, ;ilsn. in tin' 

di .l;.'lis nl lii,in\ nl lln ^tllll llnli|.,, »linll. 

tl k'i dn > .illnid llllll iinini Ini ll >ri' 

.nnliitinn^ i ninliiii.itinii.. nl tin- ;iri liiti i I. 
|ili'^rnl siiirniiiil Mippc Inr llir dls|il.i\ nl 
l.isir .mil llii' avnjihiiK (' nl wc.iry ri|irtitinii. 
< ninlir, I'spri Lilly ill sinllc, is lirllin I'fli'i lively 
inlindini'd ;md iidds iinn li In tln'^Mii'.md 
I In I rlnliii'ss nl tin in » i xiiiinis, I Ins is 
|i.irtn iil.nly In III' rinlnidnilln iii.iiis li,iiid 
snlnr n ( rill i liiiii Ins. ,\l( hiH I Illl.ilK s[H';lk 
lllji. I nrnlitn nl ri'irlll \i.ns |iHl nil ;i 
III w l.n r. .mil it Is tin- l;n r nl inlinlllnss 
Mild liialiU. 

I 111' .n In ilns nl lln |i.isi li'« yi .ir'. 
.Ill li.i{>|n ,'iii^iiis nl llir .iiliMlns III tin' 
lllllllr. I rnlll ull.ll 'Inlnllln Is, Ui lii.iy Jlld;{(' TninHln uill lii'iniin, .\t |iirsi'nl linn' 
lllr v.lst lilllllllH^ rllli'l|illsi.s lllldlT Hiiy, ttlllrll 
snnll will .lllii lllllllrllsily III tllr jrtlstn lirjillv 
1-. mil ,1, III till' wi'.iltli nl till 
i|t\. \\r llJVr jllsl SI I'll inni|ili'liil till' 
Ili'U lind ini|insill){ IllVn'I'S nl tlir ( '.illjd.l I ,llr 
.\ssllMi|i I' ( 11., till' li.iiikiii/; liiiiisc nl llii' ( '.ih.'kIi.iii nl CniHiiiirri', mid llir ;irtistir liniin nl tin jiniird nl 
'I'r.idr. Ilcsidcs lliisr, is in ( nurse nl ereilinii the s|ileiiiliil |iile nl the ( niiledeMliiill I .ile liisnr:inie ( n., willi nihil liHt;e 
lin:ini .Hid iiiiTe:iiilile edirnis. .\niillier ^reiil hntel liiiildin^ we iiilievi' is sunn In no ii|i, ,'iiiil ere Inlij; Hi' iii.iy liink Inr 
the risiii;; (il the new City ll.ill Jiid ( nnrl llniise. riir liiii' rjrh.'Hiieni iliiildiii^s ,ire iinw t.'ikiiin hiriii ,'iiid sh;i|ie, imd the new 
hnliie nl I pliir ( ■ ( nlle);!. IS .iliniit 1 nHijili ll d. With these iiiid oilier in w .in liilec tnral iieliieveinelils, ini liidilin :t 
rcMirrei led I'niMrsily. nnd :i new linine Inr the deiiniiiiiwilinn.'il uses nl \'ii lnri:i ( nlle^e, 'I nrnntn's niitlnnk is hritjlil Inr the 
inerc.'ised derkinn nl hersell in die e.irly i niiiuin ve.irs. 'I'lie |irns|ii'i I is eiili.Hii id III jitnii Ineinss liy the iirniiiise nl jddillnns 
an<l ilii|irn\eini'Hls In tin- i ity's {iiililii (Kirki nlid drives. 

It- 1 .11 M in.i 1 ' n'^'.kK'.A 1 1' iN \i ( 11 11. II. 


SOME .is/'/:c7s ()/•■ /■///; .\/()/>/:a'\ en v. 

ClIAl'll'R XII. 

SDMI-; Asi'i-crs oi iiih; modi-rn cirv. 

A Ri.i Kll^l■l;l I. I'm. ('ii\ (II In ii,\\ ( '(IN I K.\M III Willi nil. Cm (H .\ ( i;.\i kin .\(.(i. 'I'nudN id's 1..\nii\i.\uk.--, 
Oiii .\Nii Niw. Hi.R Ivvuiv Cm K( II I'.hii u I.N .\nii iiiiiu Mhiiikn Ciinik.\ms. 'I'm. N'l.u .\i;i iin i-.i i ru \i. 

V.V.\. iMI'KdN I'riil.K Kill HIM. > .\N|i 1N( Kl .\Nl.|i S(llll(i|. .\( ( ( l\l Ml l| lA IK IN. Till, Cin's .\ I K Hi N \l I N I . 
1'KI)(;UI.--n IN Hi K Sdll.M. I'mi .\N I IIUdTK , .\N|i iNlil.NlUI.M. I. 111.. Till. C|\K .\ I IM 1 N Is 1 K.\ I |(IN .\N|i llll: 

.MiNKir.M l)i.i;i. 

II;RI'. cm li(.' W\\ W\W\ w.iNsdl' illiiNlniliiij; the pni^ifss (if 'I'dniiUd nr (if m.irkiiii; tlu' 

cli.iMjit's whi( li ilic ii.issiiig y(.Mis h.iv(.' wTdiiglu, lli.ui to liiiii llii.' i.)i.' ol ini'mory liackwaid 

(111 sdiiu- .is|ic( Is (if the lity a gL'iicr.uidii ago. Mosl of us live nowadays so hurried a 

tj,»jj>*v't jj3gJK« iflLUSB'S!**'? lif(.' lliat wc have little leisure for retros[ie(ls. Heme the viviil impressions of,i;e 

f^ BtlL a ' ^4^ "tfSf IIm'SJi"^^ ■ '""' ^"i''i^silu(le. to which cities as well as luiiiian existence are subject, are in the ni.iin 

lost u|i(in Us. Hut it is Well now and then to t.ike .1 look backward, that we ni.iy 1 direcl 
any teiideiu \ to des])dn(l or lie inllueiiced liy the lui^uhrious pessiniisin of the .ige, 
either with re^.ird to our or our intellectual ,uul social adv.mceuu'nt. The old resident who recollects the ( ily of "the 
hfties" and knows the city of today will, if his heart he riyht, .ippreciate what the years have done lor Toronto during the 
interxal. 'I'he present writer can well reiuenilier his own impressions of the plaie when he first came, a youtli of nineteen, 
to the city in the autumn of 1S58. The street railway not \et in operation : nor had we those usehil adjuncts of our 
inoderii civilization telephones, coupt's, ami the electric light. I'he opera houses and art galleries, which we h.ive to d.iy, 
were mil then linill ; nor h.idwe dl the pulilu resorts, p.nks .ind drives, or the isl.ind ferriiv. whi. h the l.iter- 
dav resident revels in. ( 'oncerts .iiid puhlic imetings then no paxilidii or ui.nnnidth rink lor the con' |i housing ol 
niglulv multitudes. I'he liesl edil'K cs we then lor piililic lectures .ind eiiterl.iiniiR lits were the .Si. I,.iwrei5v Hi. I. on King 
Street I'^ast, and the Music Hall, on Chur(h, o\er the present I'uhlic library. In the loriner. we first he.ird 1 1 1'.Xrcy 
.Mcdee, Canada's silver tongued or.itor, who bv the w.iy on occ.ision could not get beyond the eNordiuni of his exteinpor- 
izeil address, having dined that evening "not wisely but too well." Our memories of the latter are connected with X'.indenhoff, 
the elocutionist. Ch.irles Kiiigsley, the Rev. Dr. .Met '.uil, his snulTbox ami red pocket handkerchief, and Mrs. lohn I'leverley 
Rdliin--on ,111(1 her closing function, the singing, with ihiillmg fervour, ol the .\nlhem. I'or 
sin.dler g.itherings, there w.i-, ,1 H.ill oil reinper.iiu c Street, in whi( h ue remember to h,i\e he.ird I'.iiierNOii 
le( ture. and .ilso the lyieiiin on King Street West, 111 the immedi.ite proximity of the Rdin.iin 
lUiildings, but a little south of the street. Here we used frei|uently to spend an evening enjoying the lyric 
drama, as rendered by the Holinan Sisters, or delighliug ourselves with the personations in light comedy 
of ( 'harlotte Nickinsoii. belter known to a Liter generation as Mrs. Mmrison. 

The p.isNcnger st.ition ,it which we l.imled 
was .111 open, and somewh.u str.iggling, one, of 
verv modest pretensions; for the (inmd I'runk had 
not long been in operation .iml that road and the 
( Ireat Western h.(d, inerlooking the bay, a sort of 
w.iNside terminus in common. Two landmarks 
there were on the I'.splan.ide. at eillur end of the 
town, whiih were ,imong the first olij((ts lo >irik( 
our e\e (111 .irrixing. These were the old \\ indniill 
.md ('ountv l.iil, on the llasi, and on the West, 
the • new ' ( rvstal I'alace, or I' ICxhibition 
Ihiildmg. a glittering edifice built on the lines and 
.ift(.r the stvie of its great London prototype in 
ll\(le I'.nk. I'he ding\ old I'.uli.iiiK lit lluildmgs, 
we reiiuiiiber, were ,111 altr.K lion to us, more how 
ixer lor historic lor iCNthelii re.isoiis. The 
g.ivesl thing we 1 an recall about them seeing 

the Rdval Standard, on the occasion of the visit of ihe I'rince of W ,iles, Ihitlermg over tlu' pile, llidugh the wlidlc was ( loin 111,1 ted 
bv the loltv and sjiacious drill shed adjoining. .\s .111 old ollii er of the militia force, we h.ive proud memories ol great 
ilrill shed, in conne(tion with our volimteeriug d,ivs, during the exciting ei,i of the I'eiiian Raids. It has long since been 
demolished, its immense fool h.iviiig f,ill(ii in with the ,i( i uuuil.iled burden of ,1 long winler's snows. 


III V 1 HI I'V SlUKh I II.VIIIsl ( nil;( II. 

so.\//-: Asj'Ecrs or riii: moderx city. 


OtluT laiiiliiKirks. to lis In ciur i-arly niinliK'> ihimigli tin- cily, li:uu .ilso (li^a|i|n.aiV(l. Of llicsc wc rtiall llic old 
(/Vy/'c < X'tiiv, on Kiii^ SirlI W'l-:-!. and tin; /.iw^/iT and (('/<)««/ oliicrs, on King Strci-t I'lasl. 'Then tlicrc were the Registry 
Ol'fice, on 'rcironto Streel. and, a Hide north of it. the Adelaide Street Methodist ( 'luncli, and round the corner, eastward, the 
rlun( h known as ( )ld St. .\ndrew's. Three other saered edllices luNe also |i.issed out (if sluht, namely, /.Ion Chiireh, at llie 
eorner of Hay and .\delaide, the liay Street L'nited I'reshyteriaii (luireli, anil the old l.ishloned striietiire, with its (neelan 
alTeclations, long used hy the .Methodist body, on Richmond Street. 'I'he modern liniUlings that occii|iy the sites of these oUl 
landmarks are emphatic reminders ol' the real and siilistantl.d progress of Toronto. The " then and now " present many curious 
contrasts, which one could pursue for |>ages without stint ol'matter. I'erha|is the most striking of these is that which might he 
drawn hetween the Imposing w.nehouse of .Messrs. \\ yid, (ir.isett \' D.ulliig. on ll.i\ Strict, and the old .Miner (cittage which 
it displ.K 1(1. 

IhU not .ill of the old landm.irks luixe lieen swept aw.iy : manv \et remain and hold their he.uls high. In "the 
nities," a numlier of tastelul ,ind siilislantial liuildings were erected, which <lo no discredit today to the architicture ol' the time. 
The prev.illing I'ashlon ol' that era was lor the neat, and Inileed eligant, It.ilian type of pulillc hullillngs. ( )!' this type, or akin to 
il, ,irc the .M.isonic H.dl, I'oronlo Street, the Kom.iir'. liuildings. King Street West, the St. Lawrence Hall, King Street I'.ast, 

liXNK Ol I'oKoMn, CoKMIi W M I INCH'S \Mi I 11 C 1;. u M lO'l. I ~ 

and the ediliie now used liy the I'ulilic l.ilirary. Of the (Irecian and Doric orders, are the old I'ost Ollice (now the Keceiver- 
( ieneral's OlVice), Toronto Street, and the I'Achange llullding (now the Imperial Itank), on Wellington Street. Itelonging to 
the era of which we speak, there were then, as there are still, a number of pr<>iiiinent puhlic liuildings, which were the " show- 
places" of the period, and which to il.iy maintain their attractions, despite accident and the tooth of lime. These are the 
rnlvcrsli\, the Normal School and T'.dtication ( )l'lice, ( )sgoodc 11. ill. Tniilt\ ('ollcgc, fppcr ( ' ( 'ollege. ,ind St. Times' 
.md St. Mich. lei's ( Vilhedrals. 'I'o these, the city has adiled in recent ye.irs an .ilmosi coiintliss numlier ol arc hltectuial 
.ittr.iclions, chielly in the w,i\ ol cliliri lies. In the, the sH Ic ol liuililing has r.icllc.ilK cli.inged. Of the old orthodox 
type ol expensive church edil: e with its laperlng spue, winch has gone out ol l.ishion, Kno\ ( I'reslivterian), ( iould Street 
(( 'atholic .\postolic), St. Cicorge's (.\nglii an), and a lew others, remain. The recent stnictiires il not more solid, are more 
oriiale and imposing. 'The numlier of them (now upwards of 150) is a wcmderhil showing lor a eitv like Toronto. 'Their 
lieauty is in many instances remark. ilile, the denominations seeiiiingly vicing will, each other , is to which of them shall adorn 
the city with the most costly and attractive edilicc. ol the old ones are dear to iis, m ha\lng siummcI decav. ,incl resisted 
innovation and the march of improvement, .\mong T.piscopal churches, we recall a lew in tin one c outlviiig parishes which 
lime has vcneraled, while they ret,iin iheir old lineaments. ( »l the mnnlier are Si. lohn's. Si. Slephen's, St. I'aul's, St. l'eler'.s, 


.S('.i//-; .is/'/:c/s o/- ////■; .i/o/j/.aw i/rv. 

niid l.ittK' Tiiiiity. lliciui;h in iIk- Ik, ill ol tlu' rit\. llic ('liiirch (il llu- lliil\ Tiinilv Iki> also (.-Maind c};c, \Uiilr il lia> 
aililtil to ils assoii ilions Willi age aiul goml works. Tlic otIuT (UiKiiiiiiialidiis can also rininl llirir early iiiit-|in>l cIuiicIk's in 
'I'droiUo. MiiiK' (if whirli liiiwcvi-r have liccii imiiliTni/L'il or ri'liiiill, nr liavc passed into the possissiun iilntlKr e. ik'siaslical 
lidilifs. In OIK' or two inslaiucs, in llu- cliangc of liaiuls, till' cluiiili Imildinys havi' lioioiiu' si'<iilari/'c(l. In the im riasc of 
iknoiiiinations and tlic imiltiiilyinj; of cluin Ins, we seem still a loni; w.iy from the iiililv of Christendom, tlioiinh happily there 
are sij;ns in our d.i\ spci illative dogma i- liecdiiiing ol' less, and pr.niieal iiior.ilu\ ol' more, imporl.inre. In the long run, 
the result must ln' lo bring ihe various ehiirihes more elosely together. 

The illi re.ise ill the nuinlier of school liiiildings in Toroiilo, and their siili^ oiitlU anil artistic .iclorimii nl. .ire liirtlier 
gr.itil'ying re.itures in the city's recent career. .\ i|iiarter of a century ago, il' our memory is not at fault, tlure were not more 
than eight or nine city schools, besides the I', Normal and .Model Schools, iliiellv for professional tr.iiiiiiig. To-day the 
number has ini-reased to forty-eight, while most of the old ones have been rebuilt and enlarged. The school ec|uipmeiil has 
also greatly improved, while the iharacter of the training has advanced. The city has also added to the luimlier of its colleges 
and seals of higher education for both sexes. In ihi^ and oilier ways. Toronto added grcall\ to it-, .illr.iciioiis as ,i place 
of residi nee. iiarliciil.irl)' for those having f.imilies to and educate. 

A^ the c\e ranges over the immense are.i which rei'eiit years broughl within the ciiy'-., one notes ,ilso with 
priile the e\ ideiices of a higher ideal in the comfort and luvurv of living. Not onh does the vast number of elegant and 
semi-ilelached houses on our chief residential streets dinole an increase of we.ilth and the enterprise born of its possession, but 
it is an indication that we have rehned our t.i^le in domestic arcliiliciure .iiid heightened and bcimilicd our m.inncr of life. 

'This is also shown m the lastehil surround 

ings of our homes and in the boulevaiding 
and tree-planting of our streets. The rei og- 
nition of the need for public parks and drives 
about the lity, and what we have already 
aihieved in this direction, are further pleasing 
fe.ilures 111 Toronto's soc adv.inceliieiit. 
.Nor in ihi^ eiuimer.uion must we overlook 
the .iddilion-' which phil.mlhropy h.isof receiil 
vears made to the number of hos|iit.ils. ch.iri 
lies and other iiistiiulioiis in 
all par! of Ihe lity. The gain in this respcc t 
has been large and gratifying. In these pro 
fu^e evidences of prai bcnevolein e there 
is proof that the hearts nf Toronto'-, i iti/eii--. 
with all their wc.illh. not h.ircleiied. 

What Is seen in the way of improvi- 
meiit in Toronto's domestic and six lile 
has its (dunterpart in Toronto's manuf.ictur 
iii^ anil business life. The dingy and < r.impid 
estalilishmeiits of other d.ns h.ive been ri' 
placed by those of sp.u iousiuss. loftiness .ntd 
light. If one w.iiits to see the evidcluc ol 
this, lei him look in at the mammoth w.irc 
rooms of our merchant princes, at the now 
bright ami roouu factories, at the 
banking houses. ,iiid ,il the imposing offices 
„f the great insurance and loan companies U, sii.i-.nci-. ok Mk.. John IOokovn, i,.ci.,.,n', I'vkk, 

and other hoine^ of indiislry ami iiinmierce. .\rc there inanv place, observe- Toronto's vciicr.iblc hisloriogr.ipher. wlu ic llie 
multiform alTairs of men ,ire carried on uiiikr coiiihiioii- mori' f.nour.ible. on tin- whole, to h.ippims-.. Iie.ilth. ,ind length 
of days 5 

Not less worthy of ( uniiiicnt. .is m.irks of ihe c ii\ 's progress within the p,i-l iwo or three dec .ides, is the evleiision of ihe 
various agencies of the civic administration, and notably those of the I'oliie Tone .iiid the Tire Urig.ide. The growth of rei eiit 
years of both of these deparlineiils i- another indicalion of the lity's development ; .mil the growth is noi more rcm.irk.ible 
is the practical effii-icncy. With the ciil.irgemenl of the immii .ire.i. absorbing as it now doe-, the once oiillyiiig suburbs ol 
llrockton, I'arkdale, Seaton \'illage, \'orkville. and Deer I'.irk, there has of iiecessitv been a i oiisider.ible addition lo the city's 
debt. Itilt to-day the debt does not exceed twelve millions of dollars, and it is amplv i.ivercil by the value of die ciil.irgcd and 
improved lily proiierty. Much, of <ourse, requires still lo be done, and large sums have yet lo be expeniled ere Toronto's city 
fathers and the public geiier.illy shall be content with the sanitary i-ondition and the a'sthetii appearance of the town. Hut 
what has been accomplished insfiires confidence in what will be accomplished, and gives assuram e that Toronto will i (inlimie 
lo add to her ({realness and lo Ihe material and moral enrichment of every phase of her civic lile. 

7\>Au>.vy(). Toi'oaKAi'iiicM. .i.\n lu.scRirrn E. 


ciiai'Ti:k XIII. 

lOKON I'O. lOI'dCKAI'lllCAl, AND 1 1|>( KI T I 1\ P.. 

A l\\\ii;i.i. KiiiMi rnwN, IciuciNni iKi>\i III! ll\ui;iiiR. Till, ('lis \M' lii'w III si I li. I'l \( I s III I'riiiic 
l\ II m.^i. Till Sii i;^ 1 1 iM K \KN. I'm Cm, wn ii> Cm ki m ^ \- ;■ I'.iii i m ms \i wn mmu In^iiii- 

IMIN^. I l> |l|;l\l>. (iMdilN^, I'VKk'- AMI ( 'l \l 1 I I.U M ~. TliKiiNlii ( K 1 k I 1 \ I'l Ni . II-- N'oHimkN l.l\iri>. ( It ( I- 

ni.NiM. TuoiNiii. I'm. (^Iri i.n'^ l'\kk .wn ii> (»i;n.( i> m Iniiki^i. I hi .sikiii^ i.i\i.\ ri' m ( 'ii\imi.i.;i i . 
Tm. .\\\i \i ii Wi^ii.uN Snu KiiN. Iln.ii I'akk, iiii. I'.miihi i n i\ ( Ikm Mi^. vnh iiii ( i vuhi^i i\ Cummos. 

1 . 11 1( )L ('ill Mill ;i |ii(iinv.M|iH' (it). I'lininln i'- lint l.n'kiiifi in ii.itiinil ;uiil jrti^tir liLMiits. 
Its ( liiif addrMinciit is its wnlcr-l'rom, :is sicn I'rnin tlit- harliimr and islaiul, nr thi- lake 
!ii-\un(l. The a|i|ir()a('l) liy watrr. (.'iljicr liy tlu- j;a|i or liy the western intiaini.' to tliu 
hiiliDiir. is sinniil.irly I'liU'. 'I'lii.- spin-s. tinvers ami iii| nf its < JuirclK-s and |iulilii' 
liirldiiiLis. with llic iiiipnsiiin array nl' siilistanti.d w.iri-liiiusi.'s tliat jiiu- tlu- shori.' rmnt, 
.iCl'ci.'d ail agrii-alili- ((iiitr.isi tn thi.' rcmriisfd iii.iss of tin.- rii\. sInpiiiL; up in tin.- disl.nui-. 
and iiiark it as a plaie of wi-ajtli and i.iitcrpriso. Tlic iiiiprcssiDii is liciglitcncd when the 
v:..;; r j;a:~is frmn the steamer and is instantly riinlrnnted with tlie Iral'tie of the streets 
and the noise and ninvenient wliiih are its eeaseless aecoinpaninieiits. It is coinpiited 

that tliere are ,^oo miles of streets within the roiiipass of the eity. The names of many of them, as we alreadv observed, 

bespeak our I'.nnhsh origin, to wit King, tjiieen. .Vdil.iide. Nelson, Wellington. Kic hiiiond. N'irtori.i. .Nllierl and Louisa Streets, 

besides iliiise tliat eommemorate an earlier I l.innveri.m ei.i. Those in our immedi.ite \iiinity. it will .it one e lie seen, .ire given 

up to eoniiuen r. I'he residential portion of the town lies to die iiorthw.inl, lir.incliing off \'i>nge .Street, its main a.\is, to the 

east and west. To see Toronto in its aspects, let the visitor take ,i e.nri.ige at landing and make two tours, starting, 

sav. from the intersection of \oiige and T'roiit Streets one embracing some of the sights of the lity to the and north, the 

other .ill that is important to the west ami north. In these tours, the following itinerary may prove of interest. 

.\t the st.uting point named, three hue buildings, fairly typical of the city's wealth and enterprise, will be sure to .illr.ict 

the tourist's .itteiltion. These are the Custom I louse, the Toronto liranch of the of and the new Iv erected 

home of the locil lio.ird of Tr.ide. The interior as well as the exterior beaut\ of tlle^e threi' buildings is a matter of just pride 

to the I iti/eus. Trom this point r.idi.ite 

the business streets, whose massivi- ware 

houses may be seen on every hand, each 

house or linn seeming to vie with it-- 

neighbour in the eiei tion of .iml 

commodious premises, with the best fii ill 

ties for doing business. To the westward. 

a block and a half is the well 

known hostelry of "The (,tiiecn's." .\ 

little beyond the latter, on the T'.spl.iii.idc. 

is the L'nioii Station, the joint teriiiiiiu- 

of the two i;ri'.it rail". IV i orpoi.uioiis of 

the I loiiiinion, ihedr.ind Trunk .mil tlu' 

t'.in.idi.m T.icilic. Near b\. are the old 

T.irli.iiiKiit Itiiildings. with which Time 

deals gently, pending the erection in the 

(Jiieeii's Tark of more imposing halls for 

the I'rovincial Legislature. Proceeding 

northward, on N'onge Street, we pass sue 

cessi\el\ the li.iiik of liritish North 

America, the Tr.iders, llii ol'lii es of 

the Toronto Ciencial Trusts ( o., the new 

home of The lilohe new>p.iper the chief 

organ of the p.irty in C.inada 

.111(1. , It the nitersc( ti'iii of King ,i ml \dnge, 

Iakn is .Stkkii (W Ksr Sinn. Nkak Hiooh. 


TOh'o.\/(i TorouKAriiicM .t.\/) nr.sciarrn i:. 

tlu' lilK' huildill;; (il the Dnininimi ( )ii Willinmoii Slncl, uluih «r li.iM- iii--l linw |i,i>m.i1, an' llu' luMililliailcis <il llic 
rm.iiiiial ciiriKiialioiis the Standard. ( )iUaii(i. rnrniiln. and liii|irilal liankN tlu' Icnal branc In-' ol tlu' Mcnhanl's liaiik and 
llic L'liiim liaiik ol ( 'anada, and two ( 'aiiadiaii .itid Ainiiicaii Mrriaiitilc Amiu ii.>. tiinilhir vmiIi llu' ciliiiis. siirrnimdi-d hy 
ci)nm.'rifs or wiiv>. nl tin.- (luat Ncntli \\\ ^tiTii ami tlic Caiiailian IMiific IVlL't^raiili ( 'oni|iaMii>. At tlir iiitcrMction ol N'migi' 
and Kinj; Streets, wc ivacli tlic <-oniiiU'i( Iml) of the city, round and .dioul wliicli nvolve Toronto's cliief tradini; an<l in.imi 
faituriiii; industries, in close touch, at all lioiirs of the day. with its profess and social life. Here, as we have oliser\ed 
elsewliere. the dense tr.ifhc .ni<l ihroiif,' of vehicles will not permit of more than a moineiu's p.inse. though the \ isitor who is on 
foot will no doiiht he tempted to turn aside to have a look into the shops or the shop windows, the ((intents of whi( h furnish 
iiiipressixe proof of the city's wealth and liiiviiig c.ip.icitv. .is well as of the enterprl^e and taste of il-> nati\e maniif.iclininL; .ind 
im])orting houses. 

Proceeding eastw.ird on King Street, we pa--^ ininv of the fniest retail stores in the city, incliidmg the h.mdsonie ( 'redit 
\'alley brown ^lone buildings o( ( u|iie(l by the I ppi r (' I'luniliue ( ' .ind llie Carjiet Warehouse. I'resently we 

re.ich Toronto Street, at the northern end of 
"WiJaSBBwii which is the Toronto ( I'ost ( )l'tici'. a 

h.nidsonie edifice, built of richly wrought 
( >hio stone, with a linely carved /(/(•<;</(■ and 
high mansard roof On this street, also, is 
the Receiver ( iiiier.iTs ( )lVice, and a nimiber 
of the leading and other nourishing 
invlilutions of the TroviiK lal Cipital. Near 
bv, is the local Scotland Vard, the head- 
iiu.irtirs of the Tolice Department, and of the 
cit\ '-. Tire Trolection service. ( 'ontinuing our 
»av eastw.ird. we rea( h at the corner ol 
( 'hurch Street. St. j.imes' ( '.ithedral. .i fine 
hi-toric edifice, with a massive tower and 
gracelul spire, which rears its ornament 
■-ome ,;oo feet Iroiii tlu b.ise. 'The Cathedral 
h.i^ a gr.iud n.i\c .ind ^|la(■ious aisles, with 
.ip^id.d ch.uicel. underneath Hhi( 11. in a crypt. 
^Iee|i the first Bishop of Toronio, Dr. John 
Str.K han. and its longtime rector, Dean 
ilr.iseit. In rear of the Cathedral grounds, i-, 
Toronto's Trie Public Library, under the 
intilligent Mipirvi'.ion of Hn chief librarian. 
Mr. l.iuies U.iin, 'I'his useful institution, with 
it- br.iiK lies, is ni.iint.iiiied by .1 ilirei t iiuini 
( t.i\ amoiMlting to about $,50,000 a year. 
.111(1 is .111 agency of much value in contri- 
buting to the intellectual life, as well as to 
the liler.irv recreation, of the citi/ens. 

In our r.ipid lour of the cit\ we sh.ill 
not be .ilile to oNcrl.ikc .ill its point- of 
micrc-l. .111(1 inu-l narrow the are.i of our 
-ight seeing. L'nder this compulsion we -h.ill 
therefore wend our way northward, by w.iy 
of ( 'luin h Street, looking in for a brief while 
at the Museum. .\rt (iallery and l.ibrarv of 
the TaliK .ition Dcp.irtiuenl. Mlu.ite in the I'lm i ik losure of St. Jaiues' S(|iiaie. Here arc the hea(li|uarters of the ediK alional 
system of the TroviiKc. under the administr.ilion of a Minister of iMliicilion. The .\rl (Iallery .ind .Museum contain a laige 
and miscellaneous collection of pi( tures and statuary, copies of the old master- .md other fiinous paintings, with models of 
.Assyrian and T^gyplian sculplure, I he adjoining building- .ire used as a Model S( hool for the youth of both se\es, and a 
Normal School for the tr.iining of Ic.k hers. In the s(|uare imnicdi.ilely to the south which we have passed on 
the way to the TaliKalion ( M'lice, stands one of the l.irgest ecclesiasli( al edifices in the Dominion and a speci.d adormiienl to 
'Toronto, the .Metropolitan (.Methodist) ('hurch. The 1 hurch owes its existence to the /eal and ability of the 
KSi'V. Dr. .Morley Timshon. who for some years made Toronto his home and did mm h lor .Methodism in Canada. The interior 
of tlie liuiUling is .is well as s|i.i( ious. and the whole structure excites admir.ition for the harmony and effei tiveiiess of 
its design. Close liy, on Sluiler Street, is St. Michaels ( R.C.), a massive slrticture with;' line lower and 
spire, .111(1 adjoining the ( ' is St. Mii h.icTs Talai e, the .\ri See House. 

<'KN IKU TUI--|1V1K1!1AN <'lll U( U, I i Hn-VC Noli Si HI 1.1. 

roA'OMV. TOPO(.;i<.\riiicAi. an/) nEscKirrivF.. 


'riirninfi oastwnnl. Hi' m.iv |)a^^ iiito one or other of tlu' two ininiipal ^^■^illl■Mlial slrcels of tlic castfrn part of the city 
|ar\is Sirrc't and Shcrhoiinu- Slrii-l. On holli ihf visitor will liiid sonic ornate villas, set out wit!) well kept groiniils anil plenty 
111 heanlilul shade trees. Mere he will also find some eharniing specimens of ecclesiastical architecture, a particidarly attraitive 
one hein;,' the Jarvis Street I'.aptist ( 'luirch. In Jarvis Street is situate the Toronto Collejji.ile Institute, one of the liest of the vchools of the Province, inider its illicient recti>r, Anhilialil M.icMiirchy, .\I..\. Occupying a sipi.ire .ilioiit ten acres 
in extent, (Linked liy Cierrard, Carlton and Sherlioiirne Streets, are the heaulifiil Hortiiiiltiiral (lardens and l'a\ilion, ,i shrnie 
of flora imich l'rei|iiented liy the citizens and the wheeled cheriilis of the home, '('he j;rounds are laid out with grcit t.iste. 
and with an artist's eye for lloral adornment. In the north eas* corner of the town overlookini; the lieaiitiftil vale ol the I )on, 
are the city cemeteries, where sleep " the nide forefathers of the hamlet " the old time " Little \'ork " with their offsprinji ol 
a later generation. .Across is known as the Rosedale Ravine, which is connected with the city liy two ornamental bridges, 
cMends to the northward a new and pictiiiVMine siiliiirh of Toroiito. This section of the city should lie seen liy the visitor 
who an eye lor du' lie.iiitifiil. There are pleas,int drives in ti.e neighlioiirhood, and the uhole region is taken in liy the new 
scheme of a licit Railway round the city, and liy a lordon of pulilic drives and p,irks. 

We sh.ill now turn westward along llloor Street and take a glance at Occidental Toronto, for nearly a couple ol 
generations, liloor Street was the northern limit ,.^,,- 

of the city, and for long more than one-half of 
the .irea to the south of it w,is covered with 
virgin woods. I'oilay, not only has the city 
lieen Imilt ii|i to the erstwhile Iiounds, hut il 
exlemls far lieyond iind is now cliinliing the 
ridge, the ani'ienl marge of the lake, and on 
this high elevation is lir.inching out into vast 
evtensioiis <if the town. Here avenues and 
streets are lieing r.ipidly opened up to the west 
ward of I )eer l',irk and \(inge Streil. the 
est. He ageniies giving an impetus to tlieci\ic' 
development. In a lieautiful sitii.ition on this 
high ground, thirty acres in extent, is lieing 
erected the new home for I'pper Canada Col 
lege. ,\ half mile or so to the eastward is the 
pretty woodland cemeteiy of .Mount I'le.isant. 
I'ursiiing our westw,ir(l route on I'door we come 
to the upper lioundary of die (,)ueen's i'ark, on 
the northern alignment of which is situate .\lc 
.Master Hall, the denominational college of the 
I!a|)tist liody. It is Imilt of a rich dark lir<iwn 
stone, with dressings of lilack and red lirick. 
The ( iillege is the gilt ol the donor whose n.ime 
it hears, and it is ,iriili,iteil willi the roroiuo 
L'niversity. On I'.loor Street uill lie found ,i 
continuous chain of ( hurches, called into i \ 
istence liy the recent evlension to the north 
ward of the .ire.i of the citv. Their 
elaliorate arcliilccturi' ,inil elegant roominess 
within ,ire indic.iiiM- of the opulence of 
the neighlioiirhood. 

Turning into the (,lueeii's I'.uk. .1 short 
drive will liring the visitor to the precincts of Toronto Cniversity. We say precincts, for unfortunately this grand Norman 
pile, which was justly deemeil the llower an<l glory of roronios architecture, fell recently ,1 prey to the llaines. I.nckil> its 
outer walls, and particularly its nolile front, were saved Irom ilestructioii, and the lieneli.ence which the i alamity called forth 
may lie expeited soon to restore the liuilding to its uses. Though in p.irtial ruin, the lieauty of the structure and the harmony 
of Its design are not concealed Irom the admiring spectator, .\cross the lawn from the University will he found a group of 
huildings, auxiliaries of the College, \\i. : the new liiological Institute, the School of Tractical Science and the 
Ohservatory of the Province. In rear of these are W'ycliffe College, the theological hall of the evangelical section of the 
.\ngliian Church, and the fine auililoriiim of the l'niversity Noung Men's Chrisli,ni .Association. Tlu- parent home of the 
N'. M.C. A. is in Vonge Street, a little to the south of the College .\venue. In the (,)ueen's Park are in course of er.-ction the 
new Parliament Ituildiiigs, ,1 pile HJiich is now lieginniiig to lake noMe form and shape, (hough a c|uestionalil' intrusion 
on tliL' reireation grounds of the people. In the vicinity will he fouiul a line bron/e statue of the late Hon. (leorge Drown, 
and .1 momiuieiil in memory of the volunteers of the city who fell at Ridgeway, on the Jiid of June, iS()6, in repelling invasion. 

"OAKIAMis," UKsIIH.NCK. 01 lilt lAll- SKNAIOK pllIN \l Aci lON Al 0. 

.'.2 7()Uij\/(), lorodK.M'iin Ai .i.\i> i>i.A lari n I. 

< (n llir 1.1 -,11 Til II. ink 1.1 lljr r.crk iii.iy In ,ii n M .Mii li.ii I, ( l< ( '.( ( iillinr, ului ii i, iii .'jIIiIi.iIikm hiiIi I In .S' l'nurr-.ily. 
A lillli.' I« iIk- wrim.inl ul tin- I'.irk, lonkiiiK l:ikiw;iri| mi S|i;iilin.i .Avriiiir, is Kiinx ( ulli j.'r. ilii Ir.iiiiinn iMsliliilnin <if llir 
liiiiiistry (if llif l'ri-.liytrri,iii ( liiiri li. In tin- iiortliwi-ilwiird, in a liirtlicr and ti< itit cilinsinii ol tin- Kmii, w tin )iarli,ill> 
irtMlcd (',illii;dral (liiin li nl St. .Mhans. I Ins liraiilifiil cdlfii c atti si •, llic a|i(isliilii /i al and laithfillluss >i( l»r. SHralni.iin 
llio Aiijjiiian liislinii nl T'lriintn. iirnli r hIi'mi- loslirilij! (arc tin- ratliidral lias sn lar liirii rcand. On ( nlli ;.'i- Strn I will also 
III- fiiiind an aliiiii-l i iiiitiiiunii^ Iiim nl i Imn lirs, all nl wliii li |iiissrss ){(>(id < laiiiis Id an liitri tiiral lir.iiil;t . 

Till- nliirn In tin- Imi-iih ss |i(irtniiis of tin: ( ily may lie iiiadi- rilliir liy the llirdiif; u\ Ynnnc .Stmi, nii tin- (.a^l, nr liy 
till- sfiai iniis liinlmay (if .S[iadiiia .\viniii-, (in tin- Wist. It may lie iiKirc i (iIimiikiiI, lidttinr, ti) dtiM- (lown llic inlirincdialr 
cxil Irnm llic I'.irk liy way of f ollc^c Avi.iiiii.', with its ddiililu Inn- nl Inn i In siniil trtcs, id (^uccii Siriit, and lliirr t.ikc a Iddk 
mill Oi^-ddili- Hall, till- siat of tin- ^n-at law ( (iiirts of tin- I'rdViin i . I li n- tin- Liw Sni ii-ly of I 'iiiii-r ( an id i its Iniiiit-. 
Id tlidsi- wild kiidw tin; ni;ij(.-Hty of tin- l.iw, nnK in tin- |ii-rsdii nl tin ( dnslalilr. wr wniild ri< iiiniin ml ,i M,il In niii- nr dtlnr 

M'.r-.l |-11AA-,I ( I Ml I n--., Ill 1 I I'.M-k 

III till' 1 diirl ., Mlliii^' III Hall' , nr .i r.iiiilili- llirdii^'h I In- l.ilir.irv, ( diiMn .ilinii ll.ill .iinl I In "iiriddr ,. .iinl ii|i and (Inftii lln ;;ri at 
stain iisi-s, ii|Kjn wlinli .nnl ii|idn tin vialur llii- >.'ravi- and jiainrd jiid>;i s I'luk Imtli Irnm llnir Ir.nin , .miIi .iii^;ii .1 .ind 
jtnprcssivr nin n. 

I iirniiiK lastwanl, on '.tin-cn, Id n'Kaiii Vonur Stn-i-l, wr r(-a( h tin- siti-, at tin- ln-;id nl liay .Stn-t-t, df tlic fiitiin- .Mimn i|ial 
ami ( (iiiniy Itinl'liiiKs, now in ( diirsi- nf ini lion. TIk- siti- is a ( (-niral and i (invrnn-nl din-, .iiid winii it is i Ir.ind dl tin- " nid 
rdokerii-H " and ntln-r (|il,i|iidalrd n In s df a liyKdin- day, wIik Ii .it |in'.int d( ( iipy and siirrdiind it, tin in-w .md li.iiidsniin- |iili- 
1(1 Ik- d(-voli-d In the uses df tin- ( dnnly and ( ity will liavi- .in im|idsiii;; .i|i|iraraii( •-. Tin- slrikin« iL-aliirL- of iIil- IiiiiIiIihk will 
lie tin; tiiassivi- and lofty ( Idi k towi r, wlin li, m tin- |ilan, forms tin- Iront fai.adr, and |)n-si-ntsa ((rai i-liil and syinmi-lrn .il ,i|i|ii .ir 
am r. Tin- wlidli- sirii' tun. wliK II is iiiddrrn Kdmam-sijiic iti stylr, will In- a t^n-at (irnannnt Id tin- i ity, .ind, Willi tin- Niw 
I'arliami-nt llinldiims, will vastly im nasi- Ms atlr.K tioiis. ( llnsi- liy is Kndii riitin h, dm- of tin- (-arln-st plans of wiirsliip iii the 
rity (nnniilid with tin: I'ri <|iliniiiiii.itinn, and .it lln- Inad nl Jalins Siri-cl, li.n k Imm Nnii;.'i , is (In 

ii>h-(>\'i(i /('/'(K, /:!/■///( .1/ \\n iti..i lari III. 


Anjjli'iiii J'liiKi li 'il ill. Mill;, I riMily I rum I In- l»;i(l of li.iy Slrix-t, the visitor ■\>-<\ .ill In i 'niii r ol K n liiiiniiil. llii- ^iil< iilifi' I . n 1 1. 1| ri I > iiilv lis ll'i ( I HI MM I ol llii- f 'olltyr of I'liysj' i.'itis ,'iM(l SllrK^orl^. lioin \ <iiij;i . .idrr im^iIhk iIm- ih'A 
sill ol llii- ■■ ( mill i|. i.iimn I ill linililiii/ . ,iiii| \'on«i' Sirn't An .'iilc, a «liiii|isr in.iy l>r Im'I oI " I Ih' ( ir.inil .iii'l loroiilo 
())irr,i Hoii.isj rtliili- ,1 litt slr|)i oiiw.imN will liriii;..; Ill oiii r iiiori- to llii- iiiIitmm lion ol Voii^c ;iii'l Km;;. l'ro< ii(liii« west- 
wanl on tin- l;il|ir sln-il, lln- visitor «ill In- siriii k »illi llii- liiir ;is|ir( l wliiili tlir li;iiif|soiiic oftii is ;iii<l ^lon-. |ircsiiil, tlir sky 
lull- lirin;; ;i^"i i-;ilj|y lirokrii lis rlir iiii|iosiin; ;iii(l lofty slniitiiri- just inilcil for tin; Ciii.iij.i l.ifi- .\s iiMlic <! ( ri.. ami liv llir 
lom-r and |iiiiiiai li<l roof ol '//(. M.iil I'ihiIimk ( 'oiii|iaiiy. lln- (laiiaila l.ifi- liiiildint', «itli lis '■ will ' liKJi.iitid front, is .i 
iiovrldr|i;irliiri- ill tlic city's 
an liiti' disi^ns, and 
Is llir lynosiiri- o( .ill 
|i,i->M rs liy on tlir .tn il, 
.Xiiollirr viry liaiidsoiniad 
dilion to this |iorlioii of 
Kin^ Slnil, .nid ,i (.'ri at 
orn.'iliiriil to I oroiilo, is 
llir nrw liaiikiii^ li /i|.ii of 
llir ( liank ol 
( oiiiiiiirn', siliiair .il tin- 
• oriirr of Jordan. ( )|)|io*^ilc 
to II i . llir .Manning' An .idc, 
.iinl al lln- < oriirr of liay. 
iIm- |iriiilin^' lion i- ol lln- 
I ofoiito /ill inns; I'llr^^roiii. 
Ill ol llir lalkr, is lln 
N' f lull ; wlnlc, on 
Urlliii^loii Mn-i't, .irr lln 
krforni I Inli and lln |o 
roiilo ( lull. ( 111 ( ollioriii 
Sirrri 1, till liunir ol 
.inollicr SOI lal ;iiid 'iimsi 
jiolitii al orL'aiii/.'il ion, 
known as "Tlir .Mluiiy. ' 
')ii KiiiK .Sln'it \\ ..antlir 
Canadian l',i( ilii l< y Olti 
' IS. .iiid. Iiryond \ ork. tin 
I oroiilo .\il < i.illi r-, ,iiid 
.\r adrlliv ol .\Illsli . .\l 111. 

,-. w. I .'. ■.'. I -.f-,.. i.. I;.\ , 
il S'ork, it.inds om- ol tin- i Iml iiotrls of Ihr < ity, ilic •• |<i 

III I loiiM : aiiollirr iii.iy lir 

(oiind 111 tlir "W.ilkir lloiisr. on Nork Slnct, mar lln- t'nioii Slalion. I'mi rcdiiiK wrstward, on Kiiiji, »r loimr to .St. 
Andrew ., ( Imn li, wiili its rialior.ilr Min..lir front ami liip;li S' lowir, llir rhirl worsliipiiiMy (ilai r .jf I'n-sliyUrianisin. of 
llir ( )ld .Si oil 11 I'l^lalilisliiiiml up.-. llir liinldini,' \-> our of lln (jr.iiid oin.iiiiriils of llir i lly. .\i|joiiiiii;i II, on llir south wisl 

' orii. r ol Miiii or Sir. . I. i> llir rli'^ant rrsidrni .-, in 

.1 < h, inning sriliiiK of irrr.irrs ,iiid spai loii-. 

• lawns, of llic l.ifulin.ini 'iov. rnor ol ilir I'rovim r. 

Ihr stylr of ar' hiln tiirr \-. lln nioilrrii Inni h In 
Ihr ^'r.iiid h.'ill, dining' mom and hall ni.iin iii.r. I..- 
■Ml in.iny lifr %i/i' |iortr.iils ol llir old (ionrn'irs 
.1 I |i|irr ( and lliosr of a n-yiiir. 
\'r..sN In/Ill ill. I iiil.i rii.itori.'il rrsidrm r, ,i lilllr 
l.iik Iroin kiiin Mmi, i> ihr olil hisloiii hoinr ol 
I |>|irr ( aliada Collr^r. This favoiiritr nliii atloii,il 
insliliilioii ol tin- I'rovim.-, wlin h w.i-. niod.llrd 
afirr Ihr '/L\',\\ I'tllilu .Si liools of l.ii^ mil \\.\-, a faiiioiis rn ord, is, as wr h.ivr s,iid. aliont to lir ninovrd to a lirw and s[iai Ions silr in tin- norlhrrii siilmrlis ol lln- > \\\. 

I iiriiinn northward Inilii KiliK. on John Slrirl, .iml skirling Ihr ( olliKi rrii kit KfU'ids on llir onr sidr .iml • I In- 
.\rlin«toii ' llolrl on ih. .iih.r, wr pass IdMrlcv lloiisr, ihr ol.l iiin. n'sl(|i.-lirt: of tin; laic (liit-f Jllslirc, Sir jolin liiMrli y 
Kohiiison. .\l tin- ol ihr sln-n, jiisi lirvond St. (irorKc s ( hiinh, w«- srr " 'Ibf (iraiiKc, " aiiollu r hislorii n sidriirr ihr 
oldrsl and most altr.ii li\r in Ihr nly. I his laiiioiis manor lioiisr was liiilll a litllr ovi-r si'M-nly yrar\ .'i(!o liy thr lair |iid;;r 
lioiill'iii. .iiid H ^llll 111 llir possr-ision ol a iiiriiilirr of Ills l.iinily liy liiarriaKr thr wifr ol j'roli^ (iolilwin Smith. In lln- 
li.Miiiiliilly krpi grounds, anipl.' and will trininird lawns, with anrinil iltiis plar idly l.»ikiiig down upon the srcnc, " I hi; 

(il.lllg. ' rri ,dls a l.ll ol 'lid iMIgl.lIld 

\irH I p..\i I HI' Al'... IS Ml Cirii II.ii;sr. 


IdKnXlo l(irn<,i; \llllt M .\.\l> IH:\< l< 1 11 1 \ I: 

U< Ji.ill I Miiijili ii ill! I ii> ml <>t till I ih il \w I iiiiiiiiiH' iiiir iliHi »> III ilii llniiti .Inn;.' .ulniili.. nms iiii|iii|ii| in 
( i>r|iiitalinii ImiiiIs, >it I'.itkil.ili- .iml llrm kldii, Willi llirii liiisy i vli ii-.iiiii nl \\t ,\ I urniilo Jiiiii liuii. A'l ttr |iriii i ■ <! ui 
Mils liiri' linn, liil (.Im in '^Iml. «r sli.ill |i;iss S|i.iiliii.i Avriiili, llir Inwir |iiilil<in nl «ln< li, Innj! k iinttii .r. Itim k Slin I, i uni 

null ', III II . 1. 1 II II 1 1. 1 1 .1 1 1| II II. 1 1 II III 1 1 II lirlii III l,ll|i I llilun ll^l^llK. I III-, -.{i.ll lulls .IM'llllr. hIiIi ll I. ill ml ill' llir »ll|lll lil llir 

uriliii.irv siri'i'ls, i-> l:i'>l < oiiiiiik iimlii tin ilnriiiiiinn ul i niiiiiirri i, .iiiil uill mihii Iniiii .mntlirr ){ Ir.iilr jrli'r\ likr S'lii^r 
Siriil I'asiilix ilill ttrslw.inl, «r i unii tu I mills I nivrriily. w liiir n i lisi.i' InnkiiiK cdilii r. ui III ;i p.iik ul Iwnily ,11 ri-., 
uitli .1 li.ii k^riiiinil III Kiiii.iiilii III , I Illy. 'I In- ( olli'iji' »js IuiiiiiIiiI, hi 1H5J, In llislio|i Slr.x li.iii, in > iiiiM'<|iirn> i- oi tin al mill inn 
III till till I ill 1^ II .1 1 I li.iir III Tun ml II I iiivirsils, at llir tiiiir kiinwn .is Kind's ( nlli^fi', ami witli iIh- \iru ul sii|i|ilyiMK tin' I'mMin r 
uitli .III iiMlilntinn ulifi ll sliMiilil III \iiii lU ( liiiri h ul l.n^'l.iinl in il-. i li.ii.n tir I In ( uWi-^y liiillilin|.' . hi n ili'M^'in il liv Mr. 1 nil), .mil .III in till' |iiilllti'il ^t\ ll III I'.n^'ll .ll .III lull I tllli'. I lir 1 hiimh .llinn h.ill .iml i ll.ijn I air l.ili 1 .nlillllun > In llir 
Ciillr^i' i.'i|ili|iiiiiiit In t III '.uml Innil'. I nlli'^r. in .1 pint nl lainl origin. illy lilty .11 ns 111 ixli nl, liinl . lln I'rnMni 
l.iili.ilii .\s\liilii. sunn Ul' lii'lii'M' III III ti tiiuM'il uill nl tnvin. In llir sniilli ul tin \s\liiiii .ii< llir ( I'risuii ami lln- 
\|t ti rr l<i'lnriii.ilur\ Mill «i'sl«atit .in tin ( (r| s 1 1 mm' Jiml lln- Iluiiir Im tin Im ni.ilili ■,, .iml um- ut l«u ullirr rcliini •. Im 
till' I it\'s -.M k .iml Mlll^rnl;.^ ui ihr 1 itin^' ,iinl tin liuiin Ir^s ^niitli .i^Min ul tin ( 1 I'ti nn. nii I Imiiinimi ( )r(lliaiii r I. .mils 

In tin j.ikr slimr, .irr tin- ' l|i| 
r ^^ 'A .iml tin .\i » I'litts, ami llir 

hn'f*^'^'''' ^^ li.iii.nk, ul •■( Si liuul ul 

llil.iliti\. I In linn .ill.n In i| 
tu till' Milit.iry Si IiuuI luriii a 
si'iliuii III Ihr ski li'luii .iriiiy 
III ( .in.iil.i, kiiuwii as " ri'i^ii 
I. II >. I III Si liunl, uliii h IS 
nmli 1 till I niiiin.iinl ul I .n nl. 

< ul, I llli I. I ll |int\ Ail|iit.inl 
I iiin, Is llnll^rll III tin NrW 
I nit I In ()|i| Inrt, wim li is 
III sinni .ills nl. niilinl uiili lln- 
lii'^innin^^s ul I uiuntn ,1 nil 
uitli llir im nlriil < nl tlir \\ .ir 

? Ill iSi .', lias Innji sun r Inst its 
.11 tiM' iiiililaiy I li.iiai Irr I 11 
tiu'lili ti liiass ami wn il'> nnw 
' 'Aii lln nlij |i,ir.iili' (.'inimil, 
iml I in 111 Ir vMlli llir ssiiiliuls 
nl |ii',iii' llir Kiissiaii I .miimi, 
llir Huniji'ii liarrai ks, ami llir 
' mill. I . uml I l.'iy |i,ii.i|ii't sslm li 

< niiiin.iml . till' l.ikr a|i|iiuai li 
in tin li.iiliniir. Irniii tills 
|iullll an ixi I'llrlit Mrvs nl tlir 

I'l.iml 1. In III hail, .1^ i.isl .is tin 1 Inl, linii ,r ul tlir ( '.inaili.iii S .n lit ( liili .iinl lln W iin.'iii It.illis, With lln lliiliii|:. 
sinninri li.illn ul I uiniitu i«/*f/ )nii/r 

\ littir ilii.inii Ul ilHanl, wilhin .|i.ninii., wi 11 ki |il >;tniiinls, mrrlnukin^' tin l.iki . 1. .1 s.r.l •nnj^rnr III liiii|i|iii){s 
iliAutril In Ihr iiliji 1 I , nl lln | mliisl 1 l',\liiliitinn .\ > ni latinii, I Inr (.'.illn i lur .1 lurliii(;,|il rsrrs aiiliinin .in ;i((«rrKatc ul iiviT 
YjO.vjo prujih'. Ill virw tlir <|ispl,iys ul Ihr I'lUMin .mil .Mi tiupnlitaii Itianiilai Inn is. tin ait rxliiliils, I .m.iila's liiirsi liinils 
III hnrsrs anil lalllr, .mil Ihr hmiiitiliil .irras nl Inr linitn anil a^m iilliiral piuilin I .. Wist .iml nnilli ul tlir {.khiliiliuii 
I'.irk III' Ihr rri rnily aiiiirxnl hiiliiirliaii vtlLn-rs ol I'.irkil.ilr anil llrm kimi, .mil llir liirllnr 1 ily mrrllutt. W r.l I urmilu Jiim 
linn. llir risr ul ihisr iirw ami pupiilmii I nri)iiliis, wilhlii rcrriil yr.irs, has miiihiI iii,i;;iial, lur ulirri' Iml yrsliril.ij wis ,111 
ahiiuil iinlirukrti (urrsl uf uak ami sillnu |iiiir, tin n 1, inns a vast nrlwiirk nl slrnts .iml .nciiiirs, willi liaiiiKuiiir ur iuhs 
ul e llllll^;l|lllls limisrs. Hrlurr rrliirilllij^ In till' I lis pinpi r. Ihr nsjtur, ll lir ssislir, 111 sir siinirlhiiij.^ ul Ihr sylv.iii liraiity nl 
I 111 uill n , nil inn hair .Ut I niimliiins, sliuulil i niiiinin In . iliisi .ilniiji thr laki '.hurr In tin lliiiiiln r Kisn lln l.iini i| " I'.i ., ' In 
I nrnntu Mm hr iiii).dil lirain h linrllivs.iril, In l.ik< in flmU I'ark, llir liraiitilnlly vsumlril rrsnrt nl llir ■ ill/nis, .mil thr 
lllliniln I 111 ^lll ul lln l.ltr .Mr. J. (1. Iluwaril, .111 nlil h nlriil. II llirrr is Inslirr, llir llrisr llll({lll lir rxtrmlnl, ttilh '|lllrl 
(.'iijiiyiiiilil, liy w.i) III till' Inst .iviriiics or llir iilil 1 nm 1 ssimi mails, so Ihal iiiuri' ul llir riiy's pii liirisi|iir riivirmis iii.iy In' 
Mill, Or shniilil llirn mil lie liiiir (ur this ami Ihr Hsilor rrliirii al ■^utm' hllitrr ilas, hr in.iy ihni, ssi- Inipc, iinrlakc Ihr 
' in uinn.isii^atiun nf tin- 1 ils linin tin pir.i ,anl uiilluuk ul .1 1 .11 »iinlnss nn lln ' uiiipli'lril I niniilu Itrll U.nlssay. 

I ( I ' . I ' . 1 1 1 I 1 I I s\ 1 , 1 

ll 11.1 ' I 111 M || ,\l..» I \ I M 1 1 

//// /■//://< Ml \ III I III ri'di I \( I II < in I II 

:^- i^um 

( II.M' I 1. 1; X W. 
I III. ri HI, II MIA Ml I III. ri'M'. iN( I \i ( \i'i I \i. 

I'l'OVIIM M < I n/l \ ( io\. I ('■.'.n •. I \J , .\|.MIM II' MH I,, |l I.IM il , 1,1 I I I \\ III M , \ll hic \l , I. Ill I MILS M , .Mil I I M/\, 

' lAiMi.iii i.M , AMI mini' Hi iM'i iMMni I w'l 

I II. Il II rxl^irlll ir, III ,|i,iii li.m iii|ii{,.||iil ihi |ili,jii li,r , .mil iilllnl III till . '.iilllIlM- til 
lltllll tin lr|iti".i'|iiM III ihr |i>llll|i INI II »l|ii ll.iM III. nil III .III lil.iklll|.i Inlnlltii, III till' 

iii.iiii, 111 I i)iiiriii|iiii.iiii ,, I III ,|i.ii I i.iki II ii|i Hiili \\rv,> illii ilr.iliM III till- I iiy, |iii till 
i'M|lir ;ilii| lij'ilnrii .il, III! Iii(llli).^ till' I liiin lii'<, {iiililii liiiililiii)/'.. iiliii ;ilii| r|i rliioiy 
ii.ii\ III illli|l|iiiii, villi'. .Mill |iii\.ili' II <^lll^lll I't, Willi Miliir iiiilli ;il|iiii iii I iiii>iil<i\ iiiilii', 
lllMIM l.ll iltlil I lllrl|illsr. Ii;is nil i'S'i.imIv ll.ltruwi'll lllr ',|i,ii I' III III' ^IVrll III 
llii' |iiiilr.iit . ;iiii| liinl lii'i^'t.i|iliii .il |i In-, ul lln- i iti/iii . W ,i him lln ir h.i -.. iI 
».!'. lliiiii^lil III III I In iilili/i ii III I iiiirniiii^' till Mill III ml! In liMii;.' I uiiiiiliiiii.iii-., wlm, 
III l.'ir^i- Inr.'isliri', n Hi < I lln {hiiI. ;;,i'iiiir. .iinl lil. nl tin i niiiiiiiiniu. .iinl In iIiiim' willilil 
;is Hiili- .1 I IjsmI'h .ilinii ,i'. tin- ili",i><ii nf lln- Hnrk wuiilil |ii mill lln. liriiij.; lln- |il.iii 
• li'i nliil il|iiili, till- |iil|iiU'iii){ |i:i({i'S tt ill Mili Id pri "mtm- Inr lln )iii ■.ml ,iiii| i (iiiiiii^i >iriiii 
.ilinli. ..nliir |ii'ii .Hill 11111. '^ki'li lii'i III till' I Ill/Ill III III i|:i\, |j;;illii iril Iriiiii IIk' priili ".Miilii 
'ilnl lli.lii liii Nil . .iinll.r. I III li , in tin- i nillllllllllt ;, lll^ llillllr^, jlldni",, ilmlnl,, l.mur'., |ililll|i Mll'i, rillli .llliilllsl-i, Inn I., .iinl II IN III I I. iiiiini. 1 111 .1 MiNiij: iniiiiln lik.i- ( ',iii,ii|:i, w Inri- iiiilu illnit ',ri|ii. In till iinnnili.ilih in 
llii' liuililiii^i ii|i III tin iinln .mil m li:iiiii-«nrk nl .i i.iiiiinl Inn In ini|inil:ml , nun m nnl Jinnlil In- 
|iii .I'lMil nl tin- 1 .11. 1 I 111 |iinninn nl i ill/, n . .iinl In .run i|, fnr il^ In .tniii .il i.ilin nn li . . lli.m Ini it . in .|iiiin>.' i lli ■ I ii|inn tin 
yniiliU, ,11111111^^ lln- .iliiiiil. nl lln- |irn|ili', Willi tin-. )ii|r|iii'i iii Mi-u.lln |ii. ,. nl inll.ilinii nl liin;;,i.i(iliii'>, )i;i^ Iniii 
lii;ii|i' ; .mil iIihiikIi, ill snlin- liii-.i>.lir<', It iii.iy. .il lln- prisiiil rr.i. In nl i Im I inli n ,t in tin .iilijii I nl lln- skili In-, lliriiiM-ln-s. 
HI In tin II iiiiiiiiili:ili' ri'Inlivi". .iiiil Iririirl-., Il iiiii^l i ithiiiilv. Ill lllr i niiiiiin liiiM , |irnw nl nun li widit :iiiil iiinii- Kiiii-nil liislniii 
llltilr.t ll.lll »r (|l'l;illii| riiiil(K nl lllr '>iil 111 111. nl lln -In.ill i nnilnlllill \ nl ■l.lltli \'nl k llnlii hIiii II tin- (iri'iilll i llv 
■i|iriii)n, liinv uliiilly, li'iw iiitiii .ti'illy. sliniilil 
VM- iiniv 1111114 liiln llnin. vm ini>;lil kiin.'. 
;'ii' " nnii nl tin- linn' In in i, .mil .i i nini' 
I li'.ifly wlial u;i., llnir il.iily Inil .mil »li.ii 
iiKiiiiiir III |jvi"i till y llii'ii li'il. Ill likr iii.'in 
Ilir, liy Ki'liir.iliniii In inliir .illcr ili, llir . 
|iii^i-i lii.'iy Im- -ii jiiin-il. In ^li-.iii ''.niiir rnniil 

III lln llli'N »lin;ili nlrnllfU'il Ullll till' |i|i 

Mill II. 1 nl Inlnnti/', .i(ii;il llli;iNil Ji|ii;.ffi-. 

Jlnl |.ilili.iliii In innll.i'l lln' i l.i .nnl II 

Iniiiiaii ly|iri vmiIi llin^r uf ;i l.ili r .mil ilniilil 

li'ii lil).'lii'r s\A)>t- nl .nnl iiilillii 

(|i'V('|ii|iiiii III. \\ li;il I li.iii^ii' I'.Miliilinii II In 

liiiii(| III llii' |iliy>ii ,il '.Irni lull", jiiil ^-—^ 

I .i|i.ii ilii-t nl .'i^,rs III nnlinin i iti/i-ni. nvi . ^^^ 

Inlliji lln '.riT, li:ui' it nnl in i".ir |iii»ii In 

s.n. .Ml II ;. ^'Ui II II. In .illi iii|il. is In Willi lln- (iri-MIII, :iilil In n|irti, «itli lln 

|i;iri|nii.ilili' I iiiivn linii lli;il lln i-xliiliil, |iii 

liirl;il ;iinl liiii(ira|ilili ;il, i*. nnl iiimnrlliy nl 

iritiinl III. |iri linn, lln f^ ji.illirv nl JJ** 

sninr nl tin- iiii-si lit il.n iinliln linn nl tin- 

,. .... " I ill 1,1 '. ...1 , I'l Ml .. I "1 I'l ..I 1 ,■ I . >- u . II 

I'mMni l.ll I .i|> 

'I In- linn. Sir .Mi-y.nnlii ( '.mi|iln II. K.( \| I , . i.i ( . I' < ., I,;,', i|. M-milK umi tin- lii;;li |in.iliiin In ln,|i|> in llir • nin 
ininnly, III I .niili ii.iiil ( Invrrtinr nl lln rnniini' nl Onl.nni. Ills iiKiiiy Vf.iri' iiiinlilr'.i-,nc' y.l iiii|inM.iiii jiiililn ,rr'.ii('>, .is 
:i .Miinilii nl tin- CriiHii In, M\t\ Inr Iniii! llic Ir.idir i.l llic rniiMrv.iliu' I'.iru in tin l'|j|,ii nl ilir iwn 
llniisi'.nl r;irliaiiii'nl, lii'lnrr anil siiiM- ( 'nnlrilir.ilinti, li.ivc i-.iriii'(l liiiii tin iis|Hit .nil .i|,|, nl tin i miiiiry as well ,is 
Ihr ri'j;ari| ami atl.irliiiinil nl his many iiirsniial IrinnK. Sir .Mrxamlir is nl Smlili ilisuni, llinn^li .in;lishiiiaii In liirlh. 


THE I'lKi n MES oi- I in: ri<(U i\i.iM c\/'//.i/. 

His lallu-r llu' \.\U- Mr. |.mir-% ( '.iiniilifll, ol ilu' \ nl llnlnii. KiiiK^lim ii|iiiii Hull, iii lln' riding nl NUiksliiiv. 
riuri' Sir AliA.iriiUr liorii ill llii- iSji. W'luii .ilioiil I»i> \imi^ nld lli^ imiviiN i1mi);imUcI lo ( '.MKida ;iii(l scllli'd iK;ir 
l,.MliiiU', wlurr llif rmiiiv I'mviiK ijl ('in\rrii(ir spiiil his MHidi, ni liviiif; liis idm .ilinii lIuTr .iliu .a tlir U. ( '. Siinill;ii\ (i| Si. 
Hv.iiiiulu'. Hi'. r.imilvMili-.ii|iiciill\ iiiiiii\iMj; 1(1 Kiii(;>li>n, L'.( ',. his cdiiintidii iDiiiplfticI ;u ilu- ( SiIumiI 
111 ili.ii iiiwn. In i.S,!.S, dcUrmmiiif; In InllnH l.iu .is m |iriiks>iiMi, \li. ( ',iin|ilK'll |i.isscd his |iriliniln.ii\ lA.iiiiiM.iliini. .mil in ihc 
riilliiHin;; \c.n inUn-d ilu- nUii <■ ol \li. now ihr M.iii. Sir I. A. \l.i. i|..n,ild. wlinc he rcin.niucl .i-, ,i sliidrnl nnlll liis 

.idinissiim .IS .III ,illiiiiu\ in iS.jj. 
\\v iluii riiniuil .1 |i.irliiirshi|i 
»ilh his |ii'iiii'i|ij| whiih hiskd 
liii iii.niv vi'iirs, Mr. ('.iin|ilirll 
h.iMii^ nii'.niliiiU' lict'ii i .illrd In 
ihi' I'.ir. In i.S^d, lu- w.isi ri'.ilc-d 
.1 l.limn's ( 'iiihimI. r«ii vc.irs 
I. Hit. he iTiUnil |iiililii Ilk' ,is 
ri|iri'si'iii,iti\i' 111 tlu' ( ',ii|iii 
I 'i\ isi 111 ill du- l.r);ishili\r ( 'nun 
I il iildif rnili'd ('.iii; Irnin 
iS^S 111 < 'iinli'di'riit inn. .\lr. 
( ',iiii|iIkII III ihc I.inisl.iiiM' 
( 'mini il .iiiil liir l«n \r,irs 
S|ii-,iko III ili.ii lindy. Hiirinn 
iIh' M.ii dniKilil T.irlu- :idiiiiiiis- 
lIMlinn. Ill- luld llir iinrHnlin nl' 
( ninniissiniKr 111 ('mun l.inuls. 
In llu' ( 'nnri-diiMlinii niii\riiuiit 
hi- tnnk ,111 .iilUr ji.irl, .lidilin it 
li> his ,id\ i(i.';iiid (iiinsinii:illv liv 
.1 Hiinhly ;ind clTiT|i\f spiccli. 
W lun ( 'nnrcdiT.ilinn was mil 

sllllllllJIcd. lu- IIKIlll- J IIUTIl 
llir 111 llu I'm\ \ ( nlllli ll. ,111(1 
1111111 I .Sri; In i.S; ; luld siii ixs 
si\il\ ihc linrHnliiis (ll ihc I'nsl 

iii.isii r ( .111(1 .\liiiisU-r nl 
llu- InUTinr. I luriiij; this |nriii(l 
\lr. ( '.iiii|ilull tlu- ( liiM rii 
iiuiil h.idrr III the .'scii.iic. .iiid 
thniii.uhniil llu- M;irk(-n/ir 
ri-iiiiiK- led the ( )|i|i(is|iinii in llu- 
sjiiu- ('h.iinliir. I'pon ihc ai- 
I i-ssinii (ll llu- ( '(inst-r\ .11 ivf 
l'.irl\ In |inwi.-r. lu- a(-i-i-|ilL-d tlu- 
jlnrtlnlin nl Kii ci\(-r < li-lural, 
.111(1 .1 \( .ilti-ru.irds c\( li.inji(.-d 
il Inr (ll tlu- I'nstlliastlT 
( l-nim i.SSo In iSS;, 
wlu-ii lu- n-liri-d Irniii tin- Si-nati' 
ln.i(r<-|it tlu- I .it-iiti-naiit ( 'iOM-r 
linrshi|i nl ( llit.i rin, lu- was 
sii(-i't-ssi\i-ly I'nstni.isti-r ( 
Minisli-r (-il .\lililia. MinisU-r nl 
lusiiii, and aji.iin I'nsliii.isti-r 
(i(-ni-r,il. Ill .May, 1X71;, lu.- was 
ri'L-.ilcd a K. ( '. M. ( i., and in 

Juiu.-, I1SS7, was apiioiiitL-d l,i(.-utc-iiaiit-(iovcrnor. l-'or soiiil- lime Sir .\lc.\andi.-r ( '.iiii|il)i.-ll l)(-an nl tlu- l-'aciilty nl' Law 
in (^)iK-i-n's ('i)lk-ji(-. Kingslnii. and has always taken a Harm iiiten-sl in (^)iu-i-iis I'nivi-rsitv, IK- is. n ////ivc. a liiiulu-r nl 
llu.- I .aw S(i(-i(.-ty . In iiSHj, Sir .\K-\an(k-r alteii(k-(l the Iin|ii-rial l-'edcratinii ('(iiiri.-ri.-iui- in l.niidnn as tin- i-i-pri-si-iitati\L- nl 
Canada, and is iiiuk-rstond 1(1 take a lu-arty iiiti-rL'st III tlu- I'l'dcratinn nl llu- l-aiipiu-. His piililic i .iu(-r. lliniinh iiiu-M-iitriil. 
has hccn liDth honmiralili- and useful. Though 1)\ nn means einiiueiil, Sir .Mex.mdir is .1 gnnd, and nii ii((.isinii lie .111 

I \Mi ~' (' M 111 UK M , Cm. vKii Kim; wu (.111 ki 11 .si i;n. 1^ 

.//' I// \7A7/,' /////■ .l\/> /•r/l//C 0//7(F.f!S. ETC. 



IImn. 1 )i n I i; \|ci\\ \i. I 1,1 ,, 1.1. 1 1. 

i'fTi'rli\c, spcikiT. Ill I'iirli.iliuPil, lir U.I-. .il«,i\', kliiiVMi ,im ,i Iruiid. .i lri:r 
mMillrin.iii .111(1 ;iii liiiiiuiiiiilili' ii|p|>!iiiiiil. In liis |ircM'ii| lA.illfil ii'tici'. llimiuli In- 
liiis not ciHirlril |iii|piil.iril\, Ik' li.i^ imi ili^il.iiiiiil ji. ;iiii{ In- wim ihr ic>|ii i i 
:ill(l j!(HP(lwill 111' the |)in|ili'. 

riu-rr ;ii'c li-w hum in llic | ,iicii;i. |i.irlii iil.irK fil ilii^ rnniiiir. wlm 
llJM' Willi, .mil clisriMilK uiiii. ,1 liinlui ii.iiiir Ih.iii li.i^ llir AllniiiiA ( .mil 
rii'iiiui III (iMi.iriii. I'lii- 1 l.iim 111 lii^ IruiiiU lni limi 111 Ik iiij; ■' ,i ( 'liristi^m |miIi 
liii.m " ll.l^ ill siiiiK' i|ii.irli'i>, il l^ ^.iiil, liiiii >iurnil .ii. Iliii ilii> ^iin-K i- 
iiinirrfit. lias liivii ili'i'im il .i •-iiccr iiiiisl. hi- ilmik, lu-iii imsl.iki n 
I'lir H -null' 111 Incrt'iliilily. for im rtiliiliius nillu-r tli.m ('(iiiti'iii|iliinii-. iniist Ik- iIm 

reeling Willi wllilll iillc llmk-. In lillll ,1 lolly l-lllil.ll illi-;ll Jllloll;; llu- illlllU-IK 111^ 
iiloli\i-> iiiiil iilc ;;oMriiiiin |iiiiirl|ilc^ ol .i moili-rn jiiiliiii i.iii. llowi-\<r llii-, in.i\ 
lie, iIkti-ijii III' no i|iii->liiiii :is lo llu- liijjii rlianu li-r lioinr In llu- hiuioiir.ilili 
Henlli'inan. Iiiilli in lii-. olTu ami in lii-. |iri\alu n-kilioiis. llu- wiliu-.-. lo llu- i- 
llio all lull asM'lit of llie |iiililii iiiinil ami jiiilnmriil. I'lii-. rstiiiiaU- has 
lii'iT. forincil, mil upon a few year- of ile\leroiis yet iiii-.rni|iiiloM-, partv rule, lull 
ll|ion llie inure irilieal ami --everer U -I nl Iweiily lonj; u-.n- of ,ilile, (riimiinir.ij 
ami |ialriiilii ailiiiini-lration. llu- linn. ()li\i-r .Mowal wa- Imrn. ol 
ji.iienl.i.ue. .11 Kiiin-ton in iS.-o. .\t mIiooI. il i- s.iiil. lie liad for In- fellow |Mi|iil 
the pi"e-.enl I'reinii-r of the lloininion. wlio-e l.iw ol'liee he alterwariK eiitenil ami 
-.liulieil for his priile--.iiin. ('.illeil In the m iS jj. he eoiiinieneeil prai lice in 

Kingston, lull soon allerw.irds reimi\eil perniaiieiitly to roronlo. Here he lorineil .i p.irtiiership, first will) .\lr. (afurwariN 
jiisliee) lUirns, anil seeondly with Mr. (.iflerwards ( 'li.inei-llor) \'.inkoii,L;hiiel. During the t-\isteiii-e of lluse and later ji.irlner 
ships, lie ruse ra|)idly in his profession and hi'iaine one ol the hest known men at the ('h.ineery In 1S56, he 
ercated a (.liieeii's ( 'oiinsel and aeled ,is .1 eoiniiiissiomr lor eoiisoliikiliiii; the I'lililie ( ' St.itiiu-- of ( '.iiiad.i and Ijipi-r 
Canada. In the follow iiij; he enured I'arli.inuiit .1- ineiiilier lor Soiilh ( )\fiiril, whieh eon-lilueiiey he n-preseiUed until 
I, Sfi4, when, after the fill of the S.indlield .M.iediiii.ild CiLililion ( iovernnieill. in whieh he held the portfolio of rostinaster 
(leneral, he aeeepled a \'ii e ( 'I'.im ellorship and withdrew for a lime from political hie. lielori his ele\.itioii to tlu- lieiieh, Mr. look part in the I'liioii Conferenie at IJlleliee, at which the ( 'onfedeialion scheme was fr.imetl. In Oelolier, 1.S7J, he 
resigned the \'iei- ( 'haiicellorship to forma new adininislr.itioii in ( )i)tario on the retirelnenl of .Messrs. lilake and Mai keii/ie 
111 the (lli.iH.i I Iniisi', owing In the provision of ihe l\epre-.enl,itiiiii .\cl, which prevented memliers silting .11 the -.,11111- 
tiiiie ill the l.oi.d .mil l-'ederal Asseinlilles. lie look his in ihe I Int.irin 1 egiskitnre fur North ( )\lord, .mil liei ,llne 
.\llorlley { 'u-iicnil .mil .1 liieinlier 111 the l'Aeiiili\e ( 'ouiicil for the rrnMiice. Since i.S;^. he cniiliminiisK rejireseiitcd 
North ( )\ford and held ihe I'reiiiieiship in the l.ocd .\sseiiililv. .\s the head of the I',iliiin, .Mr. .Mowal has 
won the full conl'idence of the ciumtrv. In his wise and e.-nmimical managemeiil of its affairs. In his industry and great capaiitv 

lor luisiness. by his jiidieioiis sellleinent 
111 many Iroiililesome ami complex i|iies- 
liiiiis, and liy instituting many reforms and 
iiiili,iting iiuieli and lienelieial legislation. 
Ill- has inoreovi-r signali/ed his career in 
the House by m.iny acts which 
Ill-long to the higher re.ilm of statesiiian- 
-.liip, ,ind by his intimate knowledge of 
iiidici,il matters ami eoii.^titiitiiinal law. I!\ 
ihi-se he been en.iblcd on ini 
port, ml i|iiesiioiis In win hnnours for tlie 
I'ri'vincc as wt-ll as in ■ -ndii ,ite its right-. 
riinugh a staunch uplinlder of p.irtv gin 
eminent and an unciiinpiomising Liberal. 
Mr. Mowal s political views are broad and 
ciimprelieiisive, and his actions, for the 
iiiost p.ut. .ire re.ison.ible .111(1 jiist, 

( )f the bright roll of the native 
judiii.irv there is no one who ha- iiinri- 
wnrthilv helped to give character to the 
('.mailiaii lleiich, and at the same time lo 
shed lustre on the profession of law in 
this I'rovince, ihan has the present Chief 
IioiuiWAY Of ToKONio (.■siviai-nv. jiislii e of ()nt,iri(i. It is now liltv vears 

/■///•; /•i/ii/c \//:\ (>/■ /■///■: /A'ii/vwv ;/ (•//v/w/. 

Mill r I hi I loll. 1 1 ill II I l.l\^l^ln^ 1;.lll\. !>.('. I ,., «.l^ r.illiil In l]\f i p| I piul ( '.lll.lcl.i. ,illi| Icir I lie >|i.lri' IliiH cil .1 mMlilMlh ill 

li.i> III' ".It ii{iiiii ilu' Hi'Mi li. Ill ilic I1.1I1 i't'ii(iiry\ inii'iwil, ilic niikI im tlu' JKiiir ^la^s iiI alimist ^iII his pi'iiri.'ssi(iiKil iiinlt'iii 
|"ii.iiu-. Ii.i^ run niii ; «liiK- iii.iiu i\rii n| ilmsr wlm mmIs nil llu- lliiu li wlirii lu- lirsl clcxalfil In ll Iiiim' |irr<i'iU(l him 
111 tin- 1 1 mill. I'lif li.ilK whirli ihcv ircil, .iiul ilir i niirN 111 « Im li iln\ |irisiiliil, if-niiiid imw miK uiili ilun -^{nt \iiic c .mil 

" trr.iil. (Inly (Hit iil ilii' Ir.inus run tluir pK liinil Lhvn in liii' 

iiirriihirs nl (Jst-niMJi II. ill, iln llliy luiw liiiik lipnil IIS, .111(1 iIh' Ills 
liiric mcinory is lain In he ih.inkriil rviii this iiiiirh is Irit ,is ,1 iiT tluir livrs .iiul wnrk, Cliiil jiislici' lla>;.irlv. likf iii.iny 
nf Ills iiniiunl iiilliMf;ius (Ml tl;.- ( ,iii.i(|iaii llfiiih. is .111 Insliinan. 
He linrii III huliliii 111 i.Sid, Ills l.itlicr iicinn Ki' in His 
M.iiistv's ('cMMt 111 riiinj,',itiM liM Inl, 111(1. .M'icr riMvivinn his cirly 
ciliicitiiiii .11 .1 pn\,iic siliiMil 111 I tiililin, the Intiirc Cliicl' jiisticc 
ciilcrcd Trinity ('(illc^ic in liis siMcciitli ; liiit Hliilc still .in 
iiiiil(i),'r.iilii.itc he alianilonrd his .iia(kniic i(iiirsc and caiiu' tn 
(' He, liinv(A(r. ri(i'i\cd ,in cxnllciit tr.iiiiiiin in Cl.issiis 
.iiid I'.nnlish sliliji'cts, .111(1 hIu 11 lie Ikimiiic .1 rcsidciii nl rnniiiln 111 
|S^5, .111(1 prdici-dcd til the study .>| the l,i«, his liilniv iiiiiiuiii ( 111 priilVssion at niKc .issiind. W ithiii liw vcars hi' was (.ilKil 
111 the and in the k-gal circk's ol tlii' time he Inrthwith tnok ,1 
lii';li pi. lie. I'lcldrc he was live and-twcnly, hi' had lnniiii t(i make 
.1 mark aiiKinn his ciintcmpnrariis, and the lasc with which, cviii .it 
ill, It c.irly a>;c. he won distinctinn is an evidence of the nilts, ii, 
.111(1 a(innre(l. with which he w 's endciwed. Itesides a will stdred 
t i^'SV^BFKtiraK-' l^W^^^iChk "^"^^^^ mind, he had attractive social i|iialities, line literary tastes, .1 lirif^ht 
» *4MP HM «! .tiKT'-^fw^^Ba^Kj^Bi '.s.J mother wit and the liearmj; and manners ol' a nentlem.iii. Id this 

e.irh period in Mr. Han.irty's c.ireer. .itlai lies his lame .is .1 poet, 
I'nr while ai tuily piirsiiinj; l.iw, in the parlnersliip wliii h he had 
rnrnieil with the lion, jiilin ( 'iMwInnl. l.ilc I .leiiten.iiit ( lovi rimr ol 
I Int.irio. he l.iiii to d.ilh with the \Iiim'^. 1 11 i.Sqo, In 
Ml. lied .1- IJ.C. .mil III i.S^d .ippoiiited to a jiidgcsliip in the 
( oiirt of Common I'leas. ( Mk e on the lit iicli, preleriiieiit r.ipid, 
lor he had in .111 iimisiial degree the i|ii.ilities that well lilted him 
P~. ^H|| nra I 'W^ ttSiii31tVWtSA to IhHiI us In^^h dmies. in i.sru. Jnd^ze ll.i^anv w.istr.mslcrrcd m 

Pi ^>~~^^^^2J^^^^^^^^Wj*G[»*J«2^mS^^B vears later Ik r.ii^ecl to j 

b" •jlfe' ^^^f^glf M Wmm ^M^BM llu' Chief JuslKcsliipol Ills 

-lH I ^^ SU MTf ^JinHp^ '''^' * '"^'' .'>'^i"<-' 

ship of ihe (,)lleen's llelii h, 

.111(1 in 1SS4 was elevated 

to the ( 'hief justiceship of 

(Int.irio. The Ic.inied 

L;ciilleiii.m, in Ins priwite 

,111(1 professional 1 .ip.ii ity. 

Is deservedly held ill the 
hi,t;liesi esteem, lie is ,1 man of m.iin p.irt^ .1, .1 poet, .1 wit, and .111 .1110111 
plished iiirisi. lie is at the s.iiiie lime a of sterliii); cliaraeler, of liinil principle 
,111(1 inllexilile hoiiotir. On the liencli, while he is imilorinlv eonrteoiis and eonsider.ile. 
he is .ilsii eniinentl\ just, and iinflinehiii'; in the disi li.irge ol his (hit\. In 1S55. the 
L'ni\ersity of Trinity College. ■ToniiUo, ((inferred on Chief jiisliee llagarty llie lion 
orary degree of Doctor of Knighlhond, it is understood, tT.e Chief Jiislice has 

It will hardly, we think, lie s.iid that we have re.iched in Tnionto the of 
municipal government. The strings of the ( i\ii .idniinistration In many of the depart- 
ments, unhappily, .still "hang loose." Nor do we alway.s make sure that wc shall get 

either as chief magistrate or as aldermen, men rigidly selected on the ground onh of high personal i|u.ililii alimis or of moral 
lilness, 'The municipal administration, too often, has lieen enveloped in an almosplieie of morals neither clean nor wholesome. 
Matters, it is true, might he worse : we inight, as in some other cities, have not only incapacity, ignorance, and dereliclion of 
duty. Inn gross lire.iclies (jf trust and a nuinii ipal reign of lieel/eluil). .\pallielii.' .iiid indiffereiil as our people, for Ihe most 

I 1 

Mill ■ Nl 

W ^1 .\ll K ia 11 M\. 

M xvoit K. V. (1 .\KKr, M.IM'. 

unNX/siR.trnr. .iv/> /•/'/!//(■ iV/-/cr./'!s. etc. 


|i,irl. ,irr. il is ,i \kiii(Ut thill tlif civic- .icliiiirii-.|i.iliciM i> ,i> piiMl ,is it is, .irid »r li.iM' iml Ici cciiii|il.iiii of unmr imiiiii i|i,il riic tiiisl iiciH :i clavs is a virv iiii|iimI.ii)I .iiicI ri's|ii)Msililf (iiu'. Icir »r Ikim' niiiili' nri\it siriilis since llif iTii ol iiu nr 

|Hir.iliiiii. Ill iM.U. I'lc p il>iil,iti 111 nil iiiiirli civit cj.ood ; and ill.' value of tln' city's asscssalik' |)ni|i.Tly. williiii ils then luc 

wards, was under Ihric' c|iiailiTs of a inilhciii ! ICvcn Iweiitv years later, the city chrcctory clues iKil a \er\ iiiarMlluiis 

advaiic-e. In 1X5(1, ilu iiiiMiliir nl li.ikus 111 ilu- c in noi iikiii ih,iii .(-, nl liiitehcrs fifi, cil' phiniliers id, !■! iLinkirs 1 1, nt 

elernyiiien 57, ol ductcirs 5(1. ,iiiil cil I.iwmis lo.S. I'^mii llie luiinlur ol c lerks, iiMi,illy ,1 niiinerciils arr.iy, w,is otiK 1 n) ' Mode si 

as are these lii'iires. the soi londilion tin n ol lln' lown iioi ,iin,iiui lo Ijo.isi ol', lor iln; I'dln c si,iiislii > ol llie |Hriod 

show ol ihe |iopiil,itlon, in 1X57, om in i-yrr nine .ippe.irs on the c riiiiiiial leeords. ( »n the score ol iiior,ils ilure luis 

in.iniresllv lieen iiiipro\eiiienl, wh,ileMT need there iii,iy lie lor ilher relorms, iniliiclinij sanitary renovation. The clemands, loo, 

.irc now ^ upon llu' l'.\eiuli\e ( llliiers, Cliairinen and the practical he.ids of cUparlnielils. Il we w.nit ellic ieni achniiiislni 

lion He must soon c ome to a p.ild l'.\ec ulive, and eecuioiin here will lie laluous and ine\c iis.ilile. With the cilvs lar^e and 

iM-r );rowinj; inlen-sis, honesi ,iiid c-llii ieiil ,idiuinisnalion can only In- serurecl liv piriii.ineiic c in ollic c .md n'on. 

\o in.iii III sense who ,inv notion ol wli,il is now di lu.iiided ol the .\I.i\or ,ind l',\i 1 utue he.ids ol dep.ininelils «ill 

lorlh withhold either. In .\l,ivor Clarke, justice requin s u to !»■ that ln' proM-c| ,111 lioiust ,uiil i Ilic iiiu ,idiiiinistr,Uor. 

His Worship, I'.clward l-recUriek Clarke, M. I'. I'.. .M.iyor ol the City ol Toronto, liorn in the County ol C,n,iii, 

liel.ind. ,\pril J |th. 1.S50. While ipiite a youth he cMiiie lo C.inad.i, and lor a lime resided in Michinan, U.S.. though "the 

sixties " loiind hull ,1 resident ol loroiilo. pursuing; his .nocition ,is .1 printer. I'or some ye,irs, he was en^.i^ed on /'//<• (i/nh 

and '/'/h /i/'iiiil iH'Wsp,ipers, and 

was also on ///,' .!/.;// stall' as cum 

posilor ,incl prool reader. In 1S77. 

a cdiup.iny was roriiied. lor the pur 

chase of 7'/if Siii/iii,/, the or;;an ol 

the Orange liody. and Mr. Cl.irke 

W.IS chosen niananint; c'dilor. Ih' 

allerw.irds llou^;llt up the' sloe k .uid 

liei.iiue sole proprietor. Mr, (l.irke .ilw.iys taken ,111 ,ictive lliteresi 

in secret societies, i-speci,ill\, we 

lielieve, in the I'nitecl Workmen. 

I'reemasons, and l.oval ( )ranne .\s 

SOI i.ilioiis. In the Inter orj;ani/a 

lion, he' was in iS.Sy elicieil, at the- 

aiinu,il nu'etiiij; helil .it llell'Mlle-, 

I lepiity (Ir.incI Nhisier ot lliellrder 

in Uritish .\iiierie,i. In i.SSli, he 

first entered politie,il life as the- 

noiuinee of the lend ( 'onser\,iti\e 

parlv in Toidnlo in ihe tint, mo 

I .inislallire'. .\t the };eller,ll e Ivciiolls 

in the pre-eiit \e,ir, he was aj;,iiii 

returned one of the three eily mem 

hers. In the House, he is an aetixe 

and usehil represent, Hive, lieing well 

inforinecl on the politicil c|uestions 

of the cl,i\, and ,1 lliienl ,ind le.idv 

speaker. In i.SS.S he- w,is fust re'lurned lor the- M,i\or,ihy of Toronto, ,iuil has siihseilueiilK lieeli twice' re e'lectecl. for this 

hinh oftiee he li,is the cpuililicMlions ol indiislry, eneri;\. .md .m inliiii.ite ac'e|uaintanc'e with the' citv's affiirs. Mr. ( larke 

enhances these c|ualilic'.itioiis liy honesty, diseretion, and ,i nood address. 

( 'oloiiel Sir Casimir Slaniskius Cc^owski, K.C.M.d.. .\.l ).('., etc., is de'seencled from .111 ,uie lent I'olisli funiK, which 
was ennoliled in the sixteenth century, and whose representative's held hinh positions in the Stale. He is the son of Count 
Slanisl.iiis (I/owski. who was an oflieer in the ( '/ar's Iinperi.d Ciiiard. Sir Casimir was horn at St. I'etersliiirn on the 5th day of 
.March. i.Si 5, and as ,1 youth was destiiieil lor .1 milu.ny c.iree-r. In his niiuh Near he enleie'd the Mllil.iry T'.ngincerillg Colle'ge 
al Krcmeiict/, and in i,S,;o he giachi.ite'd and p,issed at once' into ihe army. .\t this period .111 insurrection hroko out in 
Poland, in which iiohle and serf, civilian and soldier, rose to overlhrow the tuannical rule cif ( 'onslantine. Throiighont the 
fulile rising, the young oflieer of T'.ngiiie'ers took ,1 prominent p,irt with his compatriots 111 Ihe struggle for freeclom. He was in 
many eng.igeineiils and was several times wciundecl, and present at the e\|iulsic)n of Constanline from Warsaw at the close 
of the year 1S50. .M'ter the li.itlle of lioveniel. the divisi'ii of the army lo which he was allached retreated inlo .\iistrian lerri 
lory, where the ticiops surrendered. Tlu' rank ,inil file were permitted to depart, Init the cifTicers, to the luunlier of aliout (100, 
were imprisoned and afterwards exiled lo the L'nited Slates, \dung (l/owski. with his fellow exiles, arrived at New \drk in 

sis lIoC^l,, CoKNI U 01 KlM. \\1' \ cMO, 


Tin: /Y/.'/A' Mi:\ oi- iiii: /'/uu/w/.u capitai. 

iS;^. ,in,l Uiiir \ alurw.iiiK |<t(l into ('an.uLi. I'liiiii;;!! .in tA(illiiU linmii-.|. Iir u.i^ mil hiiiiiliar wilhtlu- I'.nnlisii 

lonmif ; liiit his rr-.iilrnri- ill iIk' Si.iUs u.isi' liiin iIr- iiii|iorlunil\. while tr.irhiiij; ihr niiuilunlal laiimiai;i.'>. Ici ai i|unv il. Ho 

air.wdm rnr.auo in i.S)i.anil at uno' lonk ii;i his iii^iiuirinn |inirissiiin. I'nr scimk' m ,iis hr was atlat lu'd In ihf I'lilihc 

Wnrks I )iviarliiunt ul the IniUil <'aiiailas ami s|Hi(hly shdwnl his ahihl\ in liis 
ol'liiial n.'|Mirls <il Wnrks in idiiiuiiiiin with iht I'lovimial hailiiiiirs, mads and liridgcs. 
Willi till.' o|icninn ol tin.- lailw.iv ira, Mr. Ci/nwski. who soon assdiiak'd himsfll with 
his lilV loiig |iarliur. Mr. (ncin Sir) 1 1. I.. Maciilurson. tliivw himsi'H' iiitn the practical 
(i|icraiicins ul a railway (iimi.iclnr and ciigimcr. In iS;;, his linn nlitaiiU'd the inn 
trail Inr Iniildinn the line nl the- (ir.aid rriiiik Irnin Inrnntn In Sariiia. and in this 
and ntlier liieratue i niiiiMi Is he laid the Iniind.itiniis nl his |iresent aiii|iK; Inrtiine. In 
1857. his linn also estalihsheil and n|ieraled lor ij vears the rornnto Kollin^ Mills, 
I' lor sii|iplyiii}; railways with rails and niher materials employed in their cnnstriiction. 
His cliiel' prol'e.ssioiial exploit is. however, ihe consirmiion ol the Intern. itioiial K. I\. 
Iiridj^e which .spalls the NiaL;ara Ki\er lielweeii I'nrt I'.rie .iml liiilT.ilo. In this i-iiler- 
prise. whiihciisia million .ind .1 h.ill ol, the Noiinu Polish engineer showed 
his skill 111 cneniiminL; dillicnllies. Sim 1' the complelion ol work. 
( nlnnel (l/owski pr.ieiic.ilK retired Iroiii his .irdiioiis prolessioii. He has since 
i.ikeii .111 einluisia.stic interest in ( '.iii.idian rillemeii and iti the elVu ienc\ of this arm 
of their serxicc. l-'or many \e.irs he rresidenl ol' the Dominion Rille .Xssocialioii. 
iiid was instriimeiilal in semlin;.: ihe lirst ('.inadiaii team to Wimlikdon. In 1.S72. he .ippoiiited a I .ieiit. ( olniiel 111 tin ( ' Militi.i. .ind in 1 S;i) w, is honoured 
li\ lieini; m.uK- ,111 .iide de e.imp to Her .M.ijestv. I ast \ hi' ere.iled a Knij;hl 
(omm. aider of the ( Irder ol St. .Michael .Hid St. ( 'lenrjje, a dislim tinn .it the liaiuls 
nl the ( rn.Mi which his pulilii' ser\ ices in ( .ili.ida well merited. Sir ( '.isiinir i.s one 
-sii; i , s. i,/..wvKi. K I 1. 1.. nf the best known and most highly respected ol Toronto's citi/eiis. He is a man. not 

oiih ol' spoihss repiit.ilion. Iiiit nl sterling integrity :ind i hivalroiis honour. He is a loval ( 'luirchman. of die I'.x angelical 

type, .iiid has lieen a prim ely henelactor to\\\cliil'e ( 'ollege .iiid to the \.irinus i h.irities nl iliecit\. rhnu;jli he h. is always 

esi hewed jillhlii' lih'. his wise cniinsels and c;.lm. disp.issinnate iiiilgmeiit. we siispec I, h.ive In ijiientU lieeii .U the service of the 

State, linth in ( ' .ind in the .Mollierl.ind. In m.inners. Iiearmg. .ind char.icier. Sir (asimir ll/owski is .1 line lype of the 

old tiiiK', highsoiiled .iml courtly gentleman. 

To townsmen as well as gownsmen, tlure are in Tnrnnto lew lieltir known figures lli.iii of the veiier.ilile and 

much-respected President of L'niver- 

sit'y ( 'ollege. I'o know the man is 

to love him. and large is the circle 

of those who so reg.nd him. and 

who as his friends or his delitors 

hold him in the highest esteem. 

Nor ,ire his .idmirers cotmled onl\ 

among iW- n/iiiiiiii of Toronto L'ni 

versity, or limited to the r.mks of 

native si ieiitists .nid educ.ilionists. 

He is known and esteemed .imoiig 

the si>7'tin/s and litliroleuis of lioth 

hemispheres, for both hemispheres 

h.ive prolUei! Iiy his services lolitera 

tiire and science. Nor is it the le.isi 

of his honours to say. that he 1- 

known to and ImIomiI hv the To 

rontn street arali and llewsliov, for 

whose welfare he has toiled longand 

speiii himself in much ( 'hristian .iml 

phil.inthropic work. Sir I laniil \\ il 

son horn .it T'.dinlHirgh. .Scot 

l.iiid, in i.Sifi, .111(1 from .111 earh 

age he ileMiled his life to hterar\ 

and scieiililic iiiirsiiits. \\ hile Iml 

a young man, he earned ,1 ICuropean repiii.iiion lor his rese.irches into the .iiclKeolog\ of Sditliml. .iml lor his le.niied 

contriliiilioiis on that and Ihe kindred siihjei l of ellmolog\. .\t the age ol lhirt> seven, while ardently pursuing his special 

stu<lies III ICdlnliurgh and acting as secretary lo the Scottish Sod, ly nf .\nliiiuaries, he received .ind accepted the appoiiiliiient 

l.leKKN's lloi 1,1., |.'liON| .SMOI.I Wist. 

ADMixisTRATivr. AXD I'linic oi-ihi-.ks. etc. 


tci llu' c'h.iir- 111 Ili-.lciiy ;mil I'.ii.nli^li l.ilrr.iliii\' in riH\fi-.ltv ( '(illcjji-. Icininln. In this -.iiluri.- lu- iriU-ivil ii|iiiii liis anhiims 
.ind lilrliui^; «oik. Ildw Ijitliliil liJM- liii-ii \\\> l.iliniiis .uid ri:il lii-. inli-itsi in I'lininlii l'ni\rr>ilv, willi uhiit / hi' li;i> 

ind liinv ins|iiring iiiid ciL-vating has hc-cn 
Niir is iIr'iv need lo sav a word, to any 

mk Damu W h- 

I.I., |i. 

divoird InniM-ir to dv.' Milijicls Ik- lias so ahly and lovingly taught in tlu' ( 'iilkjif, 

liis inllm-nii' upon llir sHickiU lilV under his cari', llicri' is no iicud Iutc to rclatr. 

Uradiiati' ot llir Collin.- :it any rati-, ol hi> i-vor-rcady cointrsv. ol" his kinihu--,-, ol 

Ill-art, 111 his sinijiliiity ol c har.ntrr. or ol his liigh moral worth. Ti-slinioiu lo 

ihi-si' i|ii.ditii-s is as .!•. Ii-stiiiiimv is i-ni|ihatii' to llu- li-arniny .ind ni-nitis 

of tlit'ir gilli-d |iossi-ssiir. .Xnioiij; Sir I )anirl Wilson's |iiilihslii-d works, lii-sidi-s a 

wholi- library oi ronlriliiitiiins to thi- |irori-i-din{;s and transactions of k-arm-d 

soiirlii-s, an- thi- lolloHinn: ".Mi-imirials ol l-'.dinliiirgli in tin- ( )ldi-ii linii.-," (1.S47); 

" I'ri-histiirii- .\niials ol' Siiitland." ( 1.S5 I and iSdj); " I'n-histon:' .Man: Kcsi-an-liL-s 

into till- ( )ri};iii of Civili/atiiiii in tin- ( )ld and the Ni-w \\ orlds. ' ( i.Sd;); -'( 'liallorton : 

a liioijraiihiial Study," ( iS(ii)); "< 'alilian: llu- .Missinj; Link, " ( i,S;^5): '-Sjirinj; Wild 

llowi-rs." (.1 voliinu- ol' \i-rsi-); " Ki-niinisii-nn-s ol' Old l-'.dinliiiryh, " (i.S7,S) ; and 

■- .\li-niiiir ol Win. Nelson." I'lililislur, ( i.Siio). liesides this mass ol' liierarv and 

seieiUilir work. Sir I ).iniel eontriliiileil ini|iortaiit |ia|iers to the Tinii^acthins 

!>/ i/ii' A'l'Vii/ Soiiety <'/ Ciiinuin. ol which he has lieen President, to other Canailian 

|ieriodieals, and to the new (ninth) edition of the Eiic\ch<t^,idiii linhtniiica. In 

iS.Si). President \\ ilson llu- honour of Knii;hlhoiicl eoiilerred U|ioii hiiii. 

I'lu-re are lew men in the eoinmuMitv who, ,is 1 iii/ens. Iieiur ileserve the 

liest that eulogy eonid sa\ iit them ill, in Mr. (loldwin Smith. Willi his |iolitieal 

o|)inions we have here little to do, save lo note the laet that even those who do nol 

see eye to eye with him in the views he so fearlessly |iro|iounds, give him iredit 

lor the disinterestedness of his motives, and pay triliiite to the liierarv charm, as 

well as the force and lucidity, of his writint;s. Net it is not in a negative, liut in 

,1 positive, .ispecl we .ire compelled lo view the resideiu e of one of the grcitesl 

of modern i-aiglishmen in onr midsi. lor nearh Iweiin \ears .Mr. (loldwin Smith has resided in Toronto. ,iiul to the 1 ily's 

charities he has given iioi a lillle ol his sulisi. nice , ind lo the country at hirge much of the ripe hull i'\ his thought, lor 

lliis, Canada owes him a heavv delil, lor he has been one of the truest and staunchesl of her friends, and perhaps the most 

helpful, as Hell as eminent, of her adopted sons. .Mr. (loldwin Smith was horn at Reading, l-aigl,nid. on the 2.?rd of .\ugust. 

|K;,5. His father was a practising, well known ,ind esteemed ihroughoiil Oxfordshire. Like many other distinguished 

1-aiglislinu-n, Mr, (loldwin Smith received his e.irlv educ.ilion at l-',lon. from whiili lu- passed to ( )\lord. where he i (inferred 

honour on lioth school .mil college li\ his lirillianl '.'lUM-rsiiy course. .\l the L'niveisity he g.iineil the Ircl.uid ,md Ilertlord 

schol.irships, the ( ■liancellor's pri/c for L.uin verse, .mil lor l-',nglish ami L.itin prose essays, and gradii.ited with lirsl-elass 

honours. Two vears afterwards he .11 leptcd ,1 iellowship of University College, for 
a lime liecime tutor, and, in i.S^.S, was elected Profes.sur of .Modi-rn History. 
While ,it Oxford, he served on two Commissions lo ini|uire into llu- 
admiiiistration of llu- L'niversilv, as well ,is 10 e\. inline inio ihe i-ondition of hoth 
higher and educalion in l-'.ngland. Me.inwhile his .ilile .idvocacy of lilier,d 
reforms ir, m.illers cduc.itional, religious and political, won for him a worldwide 
name, ,ind when lu- visited .\nieric.i in i.Sd.) he w. irmly wiliomed ,ind received 
from the lirowii Cniversilv tin- ilegne of I.L.ll. I roiii his own Cniversiiv of 
( )\l'ord, lu- suliseijiientlv had i-onferred on him the degree of !>.('. I., In ,1 Liter 
visit lo ihe L'niled Stales, his staunch advocacy of the Northern cause throughout 
the war, anil his great repiilation as a sciiol.u', led to the offer of a professorship in 
( 'ornell l'niversilv. llu- chair, which Mr. (loldwin Smith .ucepted wilhout pav, of Lnglish and ( ' llisiorv. This posi In- siill holds, though 
since 1.S7J the learned has made his aliode in I'oronto. Here lu- 
given prestige lo Canadian letters liv his connection with inaliv literary imder- 
lakings, ,ind at the ^,ime linu- h,is done much to elevate llu- lone of, and hring 
into l,ivour independent, journalism, and win full freedom for speech. His industrv 
is ,is m.irked ,is .in- his .ilulilv ,ind Indepeiuleiice as ,1 ihinkir ,inil wrili r. This is 
shown, nol onlv in the work he ilone for (' pi riodic ,ils. Inn for the 
I'.iiglish .mil .\meri(.in press, ('.in.idi.m. ,is he now loves lo c.ill hiiuself. Professor 
(lolilwm Smith is slill ,111 I'.nghshman. and he rel.iins in his he.irl an ardent al'fec 

lion for the ( lid L.ind. .ind ,1 re,il, il iestr,iiiu-d, enlhusi.ism lor all that touches the pride and rouses the spirit of a liriton. 
Lipiallv he.irlv is his inleresi in the will heing of humamly on this conlinenl. liesides the gri-,11 volume of his jonrnalislic and 

ni,iga/iiie work, Mr. Smith has issued at various limes llu- following piililicilions : "Three l-'.nglish Sl,ili-smen I'ym, (rouiwell 

and Pitt ;" "Lectures on llu- Siiidv of llisiorv ; " "The T.mpire" : Letters .ulilressed lo the London /^i;/'/i- AV«M ; "Irish I lisiorv 


11 l-U IN SMI III, n.c.i,. 

till, ri'iiiic MIX oi nil ri<ii\ i\t i.iL < iririi 

.rml In .li < li r ; ■ I .il. .,1 ih. I'n. i ( owjirr ; " Muiiciir ul iIm Nh.Ii.i. |.iiii Am .!■ ij \ lri{il<i I .ri^'l.iii'l , " I In- 

l'iililii:il llr.liin <il ( imi.kI.i , :jii<l " l!.i\ l.i.ivrs'. 'I t,iii^l.ili>iii> IfiJii llii' I..1I111 l'M< I : In {' lih . Mr. I i<il<IvMri ^lllllll is 
.J hill' lv|M' III llir I iiiirli mil .mil IiikIi Iii< <I .1 ' »>'ll .>< :i< • >iiii|ili'<hril Imi^Ii^Ii ^i iillriii.iii. I limi^li ,1 fii.iii <il hijIiIi, lir 1 < jhiIi 1 ll> 

iiiiMili'iil.iliiiii-< ill llir ilisjil.iy III It. Ill llii' liliijry ul iIk- >iIiI I.iii^IisIi iii:iii<ir 
Ijiiii 1 111 " 'llir < iraiiKc, " In- livrs a llir nl lilirary lull, liiiyliii mil jr. |i|i .1 .ml 
,01 1.1 1 mil II iiiirsr Willi III'. (iiiiiiK, ami, liv «iili- nailiiij.' .iih! hi i •Ii n im 
1 >iiii .|iiiMili III I . kii|iiii}' liim .1 II III .iiiiM .mil -\iii|i.itlii 111 liiiii II uiiliilii 

Ih. II. ,n l.i|«.,iil lll.iki-, l'( , (,M ., \l I'.. Ill,, I-, a ( .m.iih.ii, liy 
liillh .iikI I ilili.'iliiiii, ,mi| liv all iIh In. ih.M 1 hiiih 1 1 .1 {mlili 1 .1 .iinl 111. 111 nl 
.ill.iirs with Ihi' llir III Ih. iiiiinli\. II iiin ui n I.. I.ik. Ml, lll.ikr ■ 
ii.mii .mil I iMi 1 , mil nl llir |iiilini al, lln lr;{al, , mil llir ai .iilriiiii wnrlil nl 

( .III. III. I. Ihi II '.Milijil III lilnllrll mil mill II tll.ii li.l , ihril lu^lrr ll|inM Ihr 

h.ilinii. h.i .11 M.ilrMii.m. |iiii.l, .mil .ihnl.ii hr li.i , iinl niiK vtnn ill . hill li. Ill 
.mil Iinl ml ir Iiiimm li, I a 11 1 ntih in il iji Inn i.nii .mil hniiniii i,{inii Ih. 1 nil 1 ill,. 

Nni h.i . Ill II 111. .1. h i'hl. In .ill llii III i;'lil , ulmh Win- v.illiiii his 

..ll.mimi nl .1, llir iiirnl nl li.iul »niklii;^ iinlil ,lry, ili vnlinii In lln |iiili|ii 
1 iMii. .mil 1. ill Ills unrlliily iisnl in ilir liirllirrain 1 nl a l.iii.l.ilili ainlniinii . 
Inr Mr. lil.lkr his rrlllsril klll^'llllinml, |illl llnlil, Il IS llllili I I'.nil, til. Ilnlii 
minli I'll liiirlihl|i. ami iln lilinl till lll).'lir .1 iilliir, hIihIi .in lln iiiMliil 
|,ll/i . Ill till 1. t'.il |ilnlr-.Miill. Ml lil.ik. I. ihrilili .1 nil I.I lln l.ilr linn. 
Will Ilium |!|.iki . .1 ill llll^'lll .III i| {IHI .1 nl I jijii'l ( .iml .Il nil.' Illllr 
lli.iini'llni nl ihi I'luMuii', III U.I liniii III lln I ..'.Mi .hi{. .il .\.li l.mli , 
( nlllll\ nl Mlil<lli"« V, ( Mil., Ill |K.;.(, .iml IriiiMil III, ri|iii .ilinii ,it I '|i|ii't 
( .iM.iil.i ( nlli'^jr ami Inrniiln I iiivrrslly, wlirir lir ^n.iilii.ili'il uilli hniiniirs 
III iX-i.t Mlrrnards III' slmlinl law, was 1 .illnl tn lln l!.ii nl 1 |i|ii 1 < .111.11 l.i 

111 iJ'.i;'., .mil III. III. .1 '.liinii . ( niiii.iliii iH'i.) Ill Is .1 linn Inr nl lln- l.iw .Sm nly ami ( li.iin rllni nl ih. Innii.ih nl 
Ininiitn. Ilriiiliinl lln | .inii.i m iHh;, liriiii.' ti liiiii. i| hit s.iiiih lliini Ml ihr Oiit.irin .\ ...i iiiliK, .iinl Ini ihrrc 

yr.irs W.I . Ii.iilii III ihi' I l|i|insilinii in Inul'. In 1 H; j hr sin 1 •■ ili .1 lln linn, |nlm S.nnlln |i| M.n ilnn.ilil 111 tin I'n innr 

slii|i III lln ( )iil.ii|ii l.rj^isl.'itiiir, ,im| III III lln ..III. . ..I I'ri'Hiilriit nl lln I.V1111I1V1 I niim il imlil \ '''•■; \ I <ii .1 inimln I nl M.n. 

Iir .ilsii ii'iin .riilril Sniilli IttiH I III llir I )iiiiiiiiinii I'.irli.iiiii III. ami al niir lilm Inr \\ rsl I tiiili.iiii. In .S'm., |}<; (. In 

liiarir a lililiiliir nl lln ('.iiiaillaii I'rivv < nilln il, ami iniiiril lln .Mai kiii/ir ,\i|iiiiiiisti,ilinii, in wlin li, Inr vailniis |irriiii|s, lir 

llrlil Ihr .Minislrlslll|i nl Jll'Jii r .mil lln I'll <|i|il|i S nl tin I niim ll Inl .illlln ill hr.lltll W llllilli W llllll irnlll |illliln III., .ilnl 

llir -ainr I .iii-,i' |i;irtK nlili>.'i il hiin tn n hisr ih. ( h.iin 1 llni lii|. nl f Inl.iini .mil llir ( hnl |iistii 1 s|ii|i nf llir .Siipn iin ( unit nl 

till I Ininiiiinn, will! Il wi Ir ',i|i i i .IM l\ nlli ii i| In llllll. Ill 1X7^1 hi mmIiiI Lii^'Liinl 

nil |iiilih' I11111111S.. .Iinl Ihrir m.ii, lain n- riiirriit tin I liiiniiiinii I'.iiliaiin nl .i> 

iiiiinliii Inr W r .1 I tiirli.iin, wIikIi hr < nnliniir., in rrprrMiit .Mr. lll.ikr 1^ an Imli 

|irmli III l.ilii' III |inlilii s. .iml was until l.ilrlv Ir.nlrr nl tlir ( )|i|iiisilinii in lln 

|)nlniiiinii r.iflialin III. .\iiinii){ llir |iiilil|i iiirn nl tlir I )iilnlliliili hr linlils tin Inn inn. t { 

|il.ii r, hnin; ;ilikr (listini^insliiil (nr Ins aliilily anil Ins lii^li 1 h.n n in ' 

Ml Uilli.iin l<al|ili Ml rrililli. (,).(•., .M I' I' Inr l.nmlnn. ( Int . .iinl I. nl. 1 nl lln 

I )|i|in alinii 111 till' rnniin I .i';;is|allirr, W',is liniii m lln I nwir liip nl U r limir.ti 1. 

< n. .Mnlilli '.i'\, (Inl., Ill l>i.(o. Ills r.lllict, a ii.ilur nl lliililinainl (.'i.nlu.ili nl liiiiih 

( nlln.'!', was Inr many yrars ( Irrk i/l llir I )ivisinti < niitt Inr ( n. .Mnlillrav Mi W 

K. Mrriililli U.I . iilin ilnl ,'it Ihr I.iiikIiiII ( il,iiiiliiar S> linni ami I iilniiln I iiiMiiU. 

In tin I, It In In ^railii.ilnl in l.iw, with Ihr ili ^^rn nl I.I,. II., ami was i.illnl In tin li.n 

III lln riiiMiii r in iKOl. S ' tin 11. In h.i- |ii.ii ti .1 I his |iri)fcssinn 111 I nmlnii. ( Inl . 

thnii^li In IS .1 i\\!W, ■.i[\i\ rr nlriii ihiiiii^' llir Srs'.lnli, m tin I' 

Cainlal. In Ins |ir<)lrss|i>ii Mi Minilnl ii|iii . .1 |iinniiin nl pl.n 1 .iinnn^' iminln rs 

III llir ( h.imny, wliilr Ins kiinwlnl^i nl ( niniiinn l.;iw is alsn rstnisivr ami 

siiiind. In 1H71 III' was rlrriril ;i ||i m liir nl till l.;iw Sniirly, :iml in 1K76 

(rr.ilril a ',)''. In x'^l ! Iir liisl nilni'il |inlitlial liir, as iin iiihi 1 Ini l.ninlnii 111 lln 

rrnMin l.r;.'is|.ihiii'. ,iml ■ iiiiliniiiiiisly sa! Inr 111111111111111 \ .\ .1 ni.m nl 

niarki'd .iliiiiiy .iml .1 a. nun h ( nnscrvalivc, In- naliirally , tin 1 ipini iimii in iln llnii.i Ills kiinwliil^r is !ar)(r ami iiillln.'itr nl thr |inlil|i allaii . nl tin 

I'lnMini Ilnl I Ininininn, ami U\n\\ olln r, Il may s.'ilr|y hr |irri|ii Inl, will snnir il.iy In 

Willi II Ills 11,11 h III Ihr |iiililiial arrna, iIioukIi lie is iii.islrr nl llir siliialinii, Iir laii li.inlh I" s,iiil In In an ailrnil nr sur 

I rssliil, liri .iiisr III 11 mil a 1 nrrii|il .iml ,111 iiiisi ril|iillnils, li .nlrr. < )M tin • iiiilrar\. In is a ^'rnllniiaii <il llir lii^hi si 1 liar.K Irr, 

ami a-, an n|i|inin nl, llinii|{li Iir ,11 tiiin s Inl . Ii.inl. Iir 1 . iiinn 1 hn.iltnus lli.iii smm l.nns jiisl tn liiinsi II ni Ins 1 .iiisr. In Ihr 

»i«.irr?^r"' ' '« 


\li W ■.! I', Mm I'MM. 

\ii\ii\i',ri<\inr wd niti ic ori'h /■■/<■ 


> , 



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h ^H 






Ilo'. Si '.aihii I'lMsi. ssiriii 

|i'ililii ;il i^iiliii-, Ills liinus .in .lU.iy i .il'nvc lnwril, ;inil In. ii|))iii,iliiiM i, ihm i I.jiIi.,ii, In llii- I Ihiim, In-, Inllnwiii^' Ion nin n 

l<;ivr liiiii In {il.'is ,1 IniM li.iiid. Mr, Mrnililli r. ;i iiuiiilirr nl llir Srii.ili nl Ir.n.nln ('iiiirrsiU: in nli^nnn, In i, .in 

l'.|il .1 n{i.ill:ili III illiilir'ilnnil lli;il llir linllnlinilllr .Mrlllljrr Inl I .nllllnil I . .ihnill In Ixm nlii< .i n >l<l' nl nl I ninliln. 
I Im' linn I I. ink Siiiiili, I'nvy ( niiiii illni .iikI iiiriiiliii nl tin llniniinnM 

Si-M;ilr, w;r, linin .il Kii liliill. .\iMi.ii.'li. In I.iimI, IM iH.'.', W lirii n n y<;il'. nl .i^r In 

.11 I nlii|i;iliii i| III l.illi. I In ( .iii.hI.i. ulin '.rtlhil llr;ii I ntnlitn. I llillli^^ llir Kilii llinii 

nl I''.',;. \li I niiik -Miiilli. lliniij;li niily 111 lii'i ,ixli i iilli \i .ir. m rvnl in iIh- iihIiIm, 

liriii)< ' iiM,;iMi il I liiilly III I iittyiiiH ilis|i,ili Ins. rrniii Sir I .'IiihiimI I |i:ii| ,h ;iiIiiiiii|'. 

Ir;ilinii lili <i'Imi i"i ^'.liiinl liiiii ;i > niiitiii.Mnii .i , .i i j|il;iiii .Miri llir iirriiMJ nl llir 

I'.i lirllinii, \lr Siniili I ii),;.ij.'i i| III I niiiiiM n • .iinl «.i , sriy in i r . ,|ii| in i|i:ii k.iII., nl 

111' liniii i.H(i) In iH'i;, III i.iiinil nii .i |;ii(.n liii,iMr,-, .il I .niiilnn, ( Mil,, lull 

.illi ni.iiil', nninM i| 'n I ninnln, uln n- In ' mil in in- , In . i xirn .im rtlinir ,.i|r ^nni i n 

li.iilr. W liilr .1 n ■,ii|riii nl I .nllllnil, .Mr. Miiilli mtmiI llinl r ilv ;i'> .Miliriii.iii, ;ini| 

III iXn'iH.i, M.ivni 111 ntliir w.iys Mr. Siiiilli lijs In rii ;i iisriiil i ili/rii iiinl jii 

.iiliM .mil /r.ilnii, nlln I I in in. my liii'iini-ii iiilrr(iri ir . Ilii-. I'ir.iilriil nl till 

llnlin l.n.ill ( n . nl lln I .nlnlnli iV Olll.itin llHrsllnnil ( n , \'li r I'irMil. nl nl tin 

I Ininilllnn It.ilil . .iimI .i I lin i Inl nl lln I Inliilliinn I r|. .n.i|ili ( n . nl lln Inlnliln 

I nil ,111111 I , ( ,.i , I n , .ilnl nl 111. Nnllln in ,-> I'.n ill. |iiii. linn l< l< , .il ... ,i I III. . Inl 

nl lln- ( .iii.kIi.iii Un.inlnl lln t.l.ini! Illllik, II. wn, l'|.- .nlrlil, In.., lllll lll^.' Il 

rxi-ihin .■. nl tin \nrllniii I .yl.iiiinii l< l< ( n., .iinl li;is .lill ;i l/it^r iiilm-.l, il i 

lirlirvril, in lln- I nrniiln SirrrI k;illnay ' n. I lir I Inn. |{riil|i'iii:in, ulin ii ;i ( nn 

M'tMilnr III |inlitii -, .mil a l<niii;iii ( jllinln in Irli^inii, > In llir SriMir in 

1X71, ,in.l 111 (i'.X.' H.i . ittniii nl llir I'inv (ninnil In iX^.f. .Srn.ilni Sinilli 

111:1111. . I ill.^'lii. 1 nl Ml Inliii ' ) l|i(/(.'iii ,, |.|',. .,1 -ili.nlniil, ( (111 III, ()ll,itt;i 

.i.|.|i. I I'nl. .Ill ( lull. Ill . Iinnn . .11 I ninnl.i, 1. " Ku.i .M..iinl. Illnni ^li. .1 l',.i",l, 

I In Inn nn 11 III lln ' llil,illn |,r^.l ,l,lli|l. H|i.>iii,r. In 1. ^..i|i|. i| .1 Mi, li^'lil .111. 1 j. Il In, .mi. .11. lln II..I1 Ml 

l'r:iM'i .mil lln ll'iii ,Mi. Ilnnh Itnlli .11. |miIiIii .illy will r.|iii|i|ii i|, :inil linlli ;iir kiinun In In null 'il ^ Inr. r nl 

> liiir.n Irr liilrlln lii.illy s|irnl<iii;.', |i. ili.i|. . lli. linii^M 1 nl llir 1 ».. :i> llir l|. in. llir ( 'iilMliil'<Mnii. 1 nl I'lililn VVnrlt'., S'niHIlli 

sl.iiii|in(( 11 sniiiruliiil HI ,i|. Ii.nii. , Ml i 1,1 . 1 r, :in in>lil,ili|.';ililr unrkri in Ins ixiirliii^' ilriiirlliirnl, ,iii'l 1 i|..ii;'lily .inl.i^'niii I ..n 

llir liiisliii){s, in I nininiil. . , '.I ..11 lln ll'ini n' llnllnns.'. In llir I'lnMin i.ill ,x. • iiln. . .Ml I' 1 1 . lln 1. |iir'.. nl.ilu. nl In, 

I II ri-|j({i(iiiisl-i nl III. I'.nin.m ( .illinin ( ninniiiiiinii. Mi li.i ,.i n.i . Iiniii ;il I'.in. !■ 1 ill. . < nniil v I .. . i| .. in lln' •,. ;.i 1 :^ V). ninl is 

nl ''.lln nriniii lik. inn.l iinn v\lin li.n. iln 11 «.r. in lln nnil.l. .Mi Im .. 1 , \niilliliil .|.i\ . '.mi. .|.i\ ..I .niv.i ily. 

hIi.iI In ^'. nil.. Inl . .lin ,il inn In lli^' 1 In nilllnl In, nM n Inil. ,\l ,111 r.illy .1^'.-, In- «.n .111 . lli|iln\. . Ill I In |il ml III;' linn,, nl I lir 

llr.K kvillr Kiiiiiili I . I I'll 11 111. I. . Ill IKSV' |kissi il iiiln llir l.iw iilln r nl llir linn. .\. \ Kn li.inl ., I n iil.' < )..m iiinr .il 

lirili'.li ( nliiniliii II. I. In |.ni in .1 Ins liyal sliiilirs Willi r;iriirsl assiiliiilv, ;iiiil, in iH6i^, I .ill. i| i.i lln li.n. II. In;.'. in 

ill. |.i.iili. . ,'.l Ills |irn|r,,inn .it llrn< kvillr, .iimI u.r, s.inii iijinii .r, ,1 11 111^' 
! III. Ill III li.i.l (.'mill .1, lilirs, ami tln-.r In /r.ilniisly 1 In. in 

I lln liisl. In |..nk .1 iii.iik.<l iinl I1..I', nil. n I in |inlil|i s, sri-kitlK. l.iini.iliK. ..I nm . 

I i.i.kK.iiki' Iniiis. II .mil lln . . . |. .i.r.ln .il,. '.Mili nlinlilir h.i . ii|> iilili. .1 In 

1H71, a v.ii am y .... Ill I in;' 111 'snnlli < .i. ir. ill. , Mi I 1.1 . 1 . .1111. a . .1 1 
.iml W.'is Irlillnril a llirnili. 1 Inl III. It > nli'illlll. m \ I In laklll^^ Ins si ,il in llir l.r^ls 
laliM' .\ssrnilily, Ik' ».i . nnl Inii^^ in ilisjil.r. iiij.; lll.l^r i|ii.ililii s ulm li liavr iii.nlr 
linn nntril in llir jlniisr, ami wlm li sunn )iaiiiri| Inr Iniii tin- |inil|nlin ..I I'muin 
Sri irlary ami Krulsltal. In 1X7,1. Iir rxi liall^'nl llils |inlllnlln l.n lli,il .,1 lln ( nm 
lilissiiili<'rslii|i 111 I'lililn Wnik. In. In 11^7^ I'l iK;i; In iniiliiiiM'l In ii|i|.'srii| 
Miiilli (Inrmllr in lln- 1 .1 ^^isl.iinr. , Iml in tin l.iti. 1 ■,. .11 In- w.n i.linn.'l I..1 
llrnikvillr, .mil li.i, sun r sal as im iiiln 1 Ini lli.ii ill'. I Innni,' ri).'liti. 11 vi.iis nl 
.11 llir | llir. III li.issiMiil lln I'mMin. Willi > m 1 |iti.iii,il /i .il ,iiii| .iliilil\ 
.mil liirii llir lianl uiirkiii){ .nnl iii.mI . lln n nl • Iml nl In, i|>{i.iiiniriil. In llir 
llniisr lir IS .1 i..ii|v .nnl |in«iiliil sii. .iki r. i M 1 .nnl .niin liiiirs aKurrssur, 
(larln iil.iih hIhii tin- .iilinini sliatinii 1 s . Ii.ill. 11;'. i|, ni »li. n In. Iinnsrll, nr Ins 1 nl 
I. ..(.'Ill' li.n. In III' .|. I. mil .1 ||< inili.ili il inn. Ii n .. Inl I. j^n l.ilinii. .nnl in 
tills lias lirrii Iriir In llir u.ili linnril, as »rll as |.i lln |itim i|ilrs, '.I Ki Inini .Mr 
I lasrr IS a i.ivniirilr uilli Ins |iiilil|i al iiiiinls, ami llinii^'li .1 li.inl liilli r ni ili liair, lir 
rrijnys llir rslrrtll ami ^nml Alll nl llir llnllsr In |iliv.ili, lir is klinH n In lir ;i 
siinrrr, Marin lirartnl, ^v'liiil .iinl In. ml Mr. Ir.i rr is a llirntnr nl llir 

f llil.illn 11,111k, .iml lilt lliaiiy yiiir-i ll.■|^ lltlll .1 lli n- In 1 nl tin l.a« S..1 II t\ 

Inr .i.liniiiislralisc aliility, |iiilltli':il sa^.M ily. ami traily 1 <iiiiiiiainl nl llir «. .i|kiiis nl r.iili.nin ni.n . il. I..1I. . tin linn, \. S. 

llaiiK IS, il uriA.r|il Ills I .illi-a)(llr, llir Hull. Mr. I'raM'l, Wllliiiiil ,1 |i. . r 111 tin I'lnMi I 1 .1 (/isliliin II. 1 nin '.I lln .ililrhl 

imliinlln linn . .mil .1 |i.iHi r 111 llir Oiilaini ( '.iliinri Mi II. mh was l.nrn nl I . I, I .n.ili-i |i.iri iiLi^i , .it .Mniiiil I'l. is.iiit, 

Hon. <■. !• Ii. \.tt, 1.1 ( , \| \'\>. 


/■///; /•!/<//(■ \//:\ or ////; /'A'c; /.\"(/.;/, c.\rii\i. 

lluN. A. S. llAKI.V. 1,1.1 ,. W.V.V. 

('<HI1I1\ lir.iiU. Ill till- NL'.ir iS^;. I'luir. .mil .11 llu' lir.mHiird ( Sclinol .mil tlu- kcMkuiMid Ai.kKiiu . hr w.i> idiii atid. 

'rakiiif; up l.nv .i> ,1 |ir(iK->>-inii, lu' iv.ul Im ;l .il liiMiurnnl. siil)sri|iK'iUlv coniplrtinn hi-. Ki;.il -.linlir^ ,il rurniiin in llu' (plint- nl 

Mr. (;l^ll■r^v,l|•|l^ ( 'liii.1 Jii^liri) 1 l.iniMin ;iiul Thoiii.i^ 1 Kulj;iiis, (,).( '. In iSd;, lu' ».i> r.illid iii tin.' liar, ;inil Ikj^.iii pniitiif 

in Ills lioiiK. al I'raiitloril. lun uars later, ho «a> .ip|iiiintiil Mijiritcir lur thai (it\..inil In tho foriv ul' hi^ n.itiiral talents 

^iinii ni.uli.' his Hay to thr luad of the prufessiiiii in his cmiiity. In iS;,, lu- ».i> 
iKiliil a lUnrhir ol the l,.iw Sue ii'ly. and in the riilliiwni); vear cnated ,1 ','.('. 
In 1S7;. Mr. Il.irds first entered I'.irlianienl. sm 1 eedinj; the Lite linn. I'.. 11. 
(.ilteru.iriU ( 'liiel Insliee) Winul 111 tlu- n present. ilion nl Scmih Ihis idn 
^titiiene\ he li.i^ sinee inniinuid tn represent in the ()nl.irici I e^isjaliire. In 1S77. 
hi' .ippointed I'riiMneial Seeretary and Ke^istrar. and nil the resign. ilicui, in 
i.SS,), 111 the Lite lion. Mr. Tardee, he succeeded that ,i;enlleinan as ( (inniiissinner 
111 ( 'rnwii Lands. .\s ,1 legislator. Mr, Hardy has taken his lull ol work, 
rile ( )ntarin St.itiili' Honk owns his hand in mam incisure-, « hile the Party in the I'roMnce liiid in him a si.aineh eh,niipion and ,1 /e.ilous ,ind 
.Ktive workir. In 1.S70. Mr. ll.irdy in.nried.i d.iughler ol ihe l.ile lion. IusIkc 
M.irn-(ai. In reli,L;ioii he is ,1 meinlier ol' the (luirch ol l.nj;l.ind, 

Ihe 11(111. (leii. \\ 111. Ross, l.L.l!., .M.l'.l'., ,\linister (it I'.diK .itiiiii lor ( )iit,ino, 
is ,1 man of ill. my parts, and in a dislineti\e sense lieeii the un, tided architect of 
his own tortiines. rhou,i;h not yet lilly yens ol .ijie, he .1 uiile ,ilid v.nied 
,11 i|uamt.mce with men .ind tliili,^s. h,i\in;; lieeii a school le.ii her .iiid ,1 ioiirn.ihsl, 
and now is .1 l.i»\er. .1 politiei.m, a ciliinet minister ,md .111 .11 tue and h.inl Horkiii,i; 
.idniiiiistrator nl the I'lovmcial I'.diicatiiinal system. In those \aried spheres no 
little is re(|iiired of a man in these days, and it is not little that .Mi. Ross yiveii 
to the public service in the I'liirilmeiit of the duties ih,ii helon^ to them. Mr. 
Ross sjis In the Ont.irio l.c.uisl.iiuri' .is inemlier lor Wist Middlesi. s, in uhieh 
I omit \ he H,!-- I lorn ill 1 .S.| 1 . IK- iieii\ed his i,nl\ i-iliii .itioii in Ins ii,iti\e comitv, 

.111(1. Liter on. eoinpleted his suidii-s ,n tlu- School, roronto, , it uhieli lu- seiured .1 lirsi el.iss l'ro\ iiui.d c-i-rtilic ,ite. 

Iroin .\llierl riiuersit\, m i.S.S;, In- rei eiviil the de,;:ri-i- of 1. 1.. I!. In i.S7i,lie v\.is .ippointi-d liispeitorol I'nlilh .School- 

for tile Countv of l..iiiilit(iii. .ind sulisei|iieiitly a(-te(l in .1 sJiiiiLir e.ipa( ity lor the tovMis ol I'elroha .nid .Strathrov. While a 

resident of Str.ithroy, Mr. Ross was interesied in Ihe editorial niaiiagemeiil of the Ontario Tfaclur ,\\v\ the Strathrov ./i.v. and 

at a Liter period ».is p.irt proprietor of the Reform journ.d. the Huron l'.\poiit,<r. Hi- ac|i\e intere-l in ciliicalion lid him 

to w.ninK the e-t.ililislmient of county inodil s(-|iools. of whiih lu- lor a time inspeilor. ,iiid y.niu-d liiiii .111 

appointment, which he liild lor lour ye.Us. ,1- nu-inlier ol the (' ( 'omi'iittee, an .iihisory liody .iii.u lu-d to the .\lmisii-rship 

of I-.diic.ition. Mr. Ro-- lir-t i-nli-nd lift- in the Uoinmioii I'.irli.uiu-nt, »licre he -at for \\ C-t Middlesex Irom 1^7.' to 

i.SS,^. llaMiii; lo-t 111- 111 tlu- Coimnon- in \e,ir lu- u.i- .ippouitid \liiii-ti-r 

of 1-alucatioil for l)iilario. ,1- siu cessor to the l.iti- Hon. .Vdain CriMjks. (J.C. and. 

to i|ii,ililV for lioliliiin the portfolio, he ri-turned member for W est Middlesex in 

the Local l.egisl.iture. Since that period ( .S.S,;) he for coiistilueiu y 

and held, with nineli 1 redit to himself, the important ot'tice of Minister of Ldue.ition. 

.Mr. Ross briiiLis to the ailmmi-lratioii ol his dep.ntiiunt the powers of a \ i.uoroiis 

mind. .1 store of practical i-\perieni e as .1 te.K her. .ind nun h eiilhusi.isin in tlu 

(-ause of ediic.itioii. In the lliiuse .ind on tlu pLitform. .\lr. Ross is .1 

forcible and eloi|iient spe.iker. 

Lieut. I 'iiloiu-l, the Hon. John M orison ( iib-en. .M.l'.l'.. I'mv iiu Sei 

w, IS born in 1 ^ |J in the 'I'ownsliip of I'oroiUo. ( 'onnlv ol I'ei-I. He i-diu .ilid 

at tlu- 1 1. nnilloh ( School .mil .it loroiito I'liiversiiy. of hIikIiIu- i- .1 l!..\.. 

M..\. .iiul 111'., lie h, id. I dislinguished rnnersuycareer. li.iMiij; .mhi the silver 111 I 1. 1— IIS and modern languages, pri/eni.m in ( )rieiit,il languages .md 

also I'rmei- ol Wales' pri/ in i.Sd,?. He is also gold medallist in the I-'.k ully 

of I..1W. ('.died to the in i.Sri7. lu- shortly alterw.irds joined Mr. l-'r.iiu 1-. 

.M.u kel. an. <,'.('.. in .1 l.iw p.irlnership in ll.imilton. .mil with has 

siiiie carried on an e\ti-iisi\e bu-llu-s-. lor m.iii\ Mr. (libson 

been a liieliilu-r of tlu- lio.ird of l-'ihicition of il.mnllon. ,inil loi iwo of the lio.iril. He is .ilso Pn-sident of the St. .XiuIh-h's Society .iiid ol 

the .\rt S( liool of I itv. and is a uu-mlier of the Seiiati- of Ion nto I'niversity 

Since iSfii. Mr. (iibson has been conneited with the volunteer Ion e ol 

and for 111, iiiy M. lis his been l.ieutenant-( 'oloiiel of Ihe 1 )tli ( ll.iiiiilton) llatlalion. 

l-'cir three vears. Colonel (Iibson I'n-siiK-iit ol the ( liil.irio Rille .\sso( i.ition. ( oinm.mdcd the \\ nnblidon .md. 

iiM :i marksm.'in himself, ha- won Iroplm- m rille (diiic-t-. When in coimn.uul ol tin Wimbledon ( oiitmgi iit lu- w.i- 

II. IN, I.. W. K. 

M.I ,l'. 

i/nz/y/s/'A' 1771/: .ix/> rrni ic oii-hf.ks. etc. 

ijir.lnimrMt.ll ill llii- tc.iiii^ winniiig tliL- Kiil.ipoR' Ciili Iwr llir \Lar. ( cil. (lili>nii 
li:is lulil liij;li iin^iliiHi^ ill llii- niiik> dl' M:i>iiiirv. lie i^ .1 \'.\-\ Hi^lnil |)i|iiil> 
CiMiul M.i^liT. .111(1 ,1 I'.i^t (li.iiid Sii|Kriiittii(li'nl nl Ko\,il Arch NLimiihv in tin- 
ll.iiilillnil Di^lrirl. Ill' w .lUo ,111 .irlivi- iiuiiilKTnr tin- Su|iiriiir ('(Hiiiriliir ih.' 
Scnttisli kill- r>M ( '.iii.iil.i. CiilcMU'l CiliMPii lii-^l iiiliiid |iiililir,il lilt- in 1S7C1, 
wjii-ii 111' ^v,l^ niinnril iiuniljir liir ll.iiiiiltim In llu' ( )iil,iriii I .i';;i--liliiiv. AlU-r 
s|iirili'(l (iinli^t'. 111 c.n li < mm- Ik- was re lUilcil in iSS,; ami in iSSd. lli(iiif;li iin 
I'lirliinatcly ilil'i-.itcil in llu' giiural iKi limi cii iScjo. Tliniinh triiiporaril) wiihoiil 
■\ MMt. tluTi.' is liuK- ildiilit tlial ( 'dl. (nlisdii uill spi'i'dily liiul inu-, lur lu' lias many 
warm |u'rs(iiial .\\\i.\ |ii)|niial IViriiils. In llu- nKanliinr lu' rciiuiiuks In holil llu- 
liDrllnliii df ila- I'l-dviiirial Si-i-n.-laiysliip, tn wliirli Ik- ap|idinlr(l in i.S.S<). \\ liiK- 
iii tin- lldiisi-, ( dldiu-l (lilisim lias ai-ti-d as ( 'liaimian dl' llu- I'ruah- llilk ('din 
millrr, and ln-i-n a strdnj; siippdi'tt-r and a(-tiv<.- (■dlk-af;in- ul' Mr. Mdwal'.. .idininis 
iratidii. Ill rrlif^idM, tlu- lldii. Mr. Ciilison is a I'n-sliyli-rian. 

I.ii-m.('(.l. llu- lldii. .\k-\. W. Kd^^. lau- M.l'.i'. lor \\,-sl lliinMi and 
i'\ I' rri-,i-.nri r, w.l^ luirii al I liindi.-i-, S(i>ll.ind. in iSji). \\ lu-n dn!\ Inc 
wars did. In- r.inu- wnli lii^ lainiK Id ( 'aiiada. si-ltlinj^ in llu- Tdwn dr ( iddi-ricli. 
lU-rc lu-, was i-diii aud. and in liis iwi-iuiotli yi-ar ciitL-n-d llu.- .scr.ii-c dl llu- did 
liank dl I'ppi-r (aii.ida. In i.S^d 7, lu- ai-lt'd as paymaster on the MiilTald \ l.ike 

lliirdii R.K.,aiid in 1.S5S was appdinli-d 

ll'iN 1. \I. i;in-nN, \l PI'. 

Tri-asm-i-r dl tlu- ('dinl\ (pI Iliirdii. a 

pd^i lu- lu-ld Idr livi- ind iHi-nly war^, I nun iSdti id iSini, ( 'uldiu I Kns^ dl llu- (idili-riih liraiuh dl llu- lak- Kd\al ( '.in.idi.iii Hank, and 
ln^litlllidn windinj; up u^ .iMair>, lu- n-i eiM-d llu- .ippdintnu ,it d| in llu- 
-^.iiiu- tdwii. dl' tlu- ( ' II. ink nl ( 'diiinu-n >-. llu- l.nti-r pd^ilinn lu- lu-ld till 
iS.Sj, wlu-ii lu- appdiiucd \t\ tlu- ()iil.irid ( ld\i.-riinu lit I' rrt-.i^iin-r, 
li.iMiii; ^.11 Idr Wrsl llnriiii in llu- I .eyislatiirr sinn- 1.S75. In the present year 
( 1.^1)01, lu- re^i,L;lud llu- rreasiirership dl'()iitarid cm .irediinl dl' lailini; health, and as 
tlu- hdiu-^l n-H.ird lur his Iciiij; service in piililic hie he .ippiiinted li\ the I'm- 
Miu iai ( 'idM-rnnu-nt Clerk df the ('diiiiu ( 'durt. I'drdiitd. S nee i.Sdi. ( 'oldiiel 
Kd^^ h.i^ heeii .iili\eK icKiililied with tlu- (' M ihli.i, li,i\ in:; dr^.ini/ed .iiid 
ediimi.iiiih-d .111 .irliller) ((imp.uiv .it (Idderieh. .ind. Idr sdine iiidnths in i.Sfiri. 
dn I'rdiitier service Willi it diirin;,' the e\eilin.i; periiid iil' the |-'eniaii K.iicIs, 111 the 
l.nur \, the i.iridii-- \ cilunU-c r ( 'dni|i,iinc -- in 1 'oiinU Iliirdii were dru.uii-'ed inlci 
.1 Ip.ilt.iliccii (tlu- ,!,>icll. .iiul ( 'cildiu-l Kd---. w.i^ .ippdintiil Ici it-> c cumn.ind. 

I'lu-ii- .ire lew (' pulitic i.iii... .nul we^llc>lll(l ^.ly still Ic-wi-r (i'iiii:/ii iii 
the Innc-rsiu. wlui do luil kimw llu- I nuiiilier. in the llciiise dl 
('dinindii--, Icir Ndrlli NUrk. .ind tlu Icirned and \ ic c- ( 'lianc-elldr iil the 
I'niversitv cil Tciromd. Willi. im Miilciek was licirii .11 Hcind ( 'cmniv cil Simeiie. 
iniS.j^. I lis r.illu r w,i> the l.iti- Tlidinas 

II. IN. .\ \l. Kd". 1 \. M.l'.r. 

II. Muldc k. M.I).. r.C.H., .1 nalne cl 
hillil.n; .incl lii> iiidllur. ,1 cl,iiiL;liter cil 
jdhn ( .iwlhr.i. Idriiu-iK cd \ drk^hire. i;n.L:l.incl, who ^ellli-d .11 \ewni.irki-l, .md 
in iSjci Ki-lcirm iiu-mlur Icir tlu- ('diiiit\ ot Simicu-, in the I.eLtisl.itue .\ssi-mlp|\ dl 
I.e. \ii-e ( 'h.iiu-elldr Miiluck educated al the Newmarki-t llii;h .Sluiol ,iiul 
I'droiild l'niwrsH\, wlurt- he );railiiati-d, winiiiii^; the j;dld medal in iiupilern 
km^^, in i.Sfi,;. .\llir j;radiiatinj;. he tdcpk up l.iw as a prcpressicpii. and was 
c-allc-d tcp llu- 111 i.S'p.S. li.iMiiu p.i- .ed .1 lii:;lil\ credii.ilile i-\.iinin.itidn. Ills 
alt.iimneiits U-d tci his appdinlnu'il as .111 l'.\.imiiu-r lor Icpiir \i.irs in llu- l..iw 
Scieiely cpI ['.{'. .ind .is cine cpI tlu- l.c-i liners iipdii |-;c|nii\. l-ri>m 1.S7,; Id i,S7.S. Iu- 
si-r\i-cl his I'liivi-rsilv .is a Senalcir. and in i.SSi, elec led Vic e ( 'h.inci-lldr. Tlie 
l.iller dltiee he still hcilds and .idmir.ilih perldriiis its hinh diilies. In i.S.Sj lu- 
enlered piililicil lih-. Icii uliuh lu much .ipliliidi-. Ip\ aci-i-pliiii; the iidmin.ilidn. 
in llu- Ki-fiirm inlc-ii-st, dl Ncirlli \ .crk. .md c cpniimus id ,ii Icpr c cpiisiitiieiu \ 
in tlu- hcciimiupn r.irli.inu-m. In the llipiisc- cil ( cpinnidiis he- I prints id tin- serMc i- 
cil his p.iru ld\.il .iclhc re nc c- ici Ki-liprm prim ipU-s. mm h sa^.i-il). .ilidmid 
llii; iiu r^v. .iml n-.idv pciwcrs in dcli.iic-. lie- is .1 c Ic ,11. ld.;i(-al anil coin iiuiii;; 
ri-asciner. .iml while lie delinlils those ol his own political \iews, he alw.ivs i-oiiipi-ls 
the allelil'oii, .mil not imrrei|iieiitly wins the appl.mse. ol his oppiPiieiils. In relijiioii. 

Mi;. \Vm. Mr , \l..\ . M.p. 


/■///•; rriu.ic .\ii:.\ oi- ////■: /■a'oi/.w/.i/ c:i/7/:i/.. 


C. A. lM;rk\, lAM.P.I'. 

Mr. Miilnrk I-. ,1 HHiiilnr ol {\w Clumii cf l-.nul.uul. llis rmii i-, M.■^M^. Miil.Kk. Millui, Cn.utlur \ MmiljiiniuTv, IK' 

1. liRMnilRruly (■(iiiiuvlid HUh >cvit;i1 nn.Hl.iiil ,iikI mlur i.-miT|.iiM-.. luinn ;i I luvrh.r nl ihr Inniiiln ( '.ciH-nil Trusts ( ',,111- 

pain, and I'rcsidciit cil llu' I'arimrs' and .S.uinns ('<ini|>anv cil this city. 

- - I'lu' Iliin. Charles .Ml'ivd lirur\, l'.\ .M.T.I'., l.iti' .MinisU r ol X^riciiluir.' an'l 

Kinistiar Ciiiural Tor llv I'mviiui.' oTOniarid, was Ixirn Si|ikniln.-r 4, 1S44, at 
CriuMi Hill, ('(lunty (]| Siincdi-. Out. I k- was I'diicatiil ,it tlu TiililiV SiIkhiI ami 
•11 ill"' llarric Hif{li Schiiol. 1 las Inlluwi-d larininj; siiccissliilK as a liiisiiuss. and 
Virv n,iliiral!\ was callrd to a sial in tin- Ontario (ahiiul, as a iv|iri'si.iitati\i' 
laniur, on tlu- iriatinn iil'a .Ministi-rsliip of .\};ri(iiltiiri' in llii' iSSS. Mr. I)riir\. 
in 1.S77, was L'k-ctid Kixvc of llit' Township of Oro, and hclil that olTici' contiiui- 
oiisly for twi'lvi' years. He lias been a iiunilier of the Council of the .\j;ri( iiltiire 
,md .\rts .\ssociation of Ontario from 187(1 to the present Iiiik, .oiw .il.^o i..i,- 'v'H 
for four years a Director of the Ontario T'riiit (Mdwers' .\ssoiiation. In Oclolier, 
iSSj. Mr. I Irury was elected to represent .siiiiKne in the I .e};islali\e .\ssenililv 
of Ontario, .md on .M.iy isi. i.S.S.S, entered the Ontario ( loveriimeiit as .Minister of 
\i;n( iiltiire. He has since retired from pulilic life. In reli,t;ion, Mr. I )nirv is .1 
.Melhodisl. ,1 Trohiliitionist and a iiieinher of the Order of Cmod 

The execnlue .iliihty of Ta I )eptity .\ttornev ( leiural Johnston, in recent 
\e,irs. at, coiilriluit.'d in no small measure \,i the success of the Mowal adinm 
istration. Horn at Old Cainhiis, Scotl.ind, m 1.S50, l-'.licne/er T'orsMh TLukic 
Johnston recei\e<l the rudiments of his 
ediication before he <ame 10 Canada. He 
w,is in (luelpli when called to the of 
I'pper Canada and practiced cit\ 

long eiionyh to attain .1 leadinj; position in tlie profi'^siim. While in Ciuelph he held 

the ofiiees i>f ( hief of the ( 'aledonlan Society ; Secretary of .Masonic 1 .oilne. No. 25,S ; 

Secretary of llu' .South Wellington Reform .\ssociation, ,ind Tresident of the Liberal 

.'lull. In i.SSjhe .ippointed I lepiity .\ttorney Cicncral lor ( Intario. Kesigiiing 

this important ottice in iSSi), he re-entered his profession and also acce()ted the position 

of Inspector of Registry Olliies. Mr. Johnston has sui'cessfully londiicled a niimlnT 

of im|)ortaiit criminal cases. He represented the Crown in the prosecution of IIar\ey 

r ,.^-r-- — ■ v.-j '. . ri — I — • — rrt in tile celebrated triple murder case at 

1 liuilph. lor personal ri.isons, .Mr. Join - 
ston dcilincil the l.iber.d noinin.ition lor 
South Welliiigfin. wliicli was olVerid him 
in I S.S(). He las appointcil (JiieeiTst 'oiii - 
scl III i.S.Si). .Mr. Johnston is a I'resbx- and prior to his apiioinlment ,is a 
(ioveriimeiit olTicer was an aiK.inced 

.Mr. .Vrchibald Tlue. |leput\ Minis- 
ter of .\griculture and the elliciiiu ,ind 

mihisinous (hief of the Oiit.irio lliireaii of Statistics, born of HighKind Scotch 
p.ircnts on a farm in the Township of ( )rlord. Coimlv KcnI. ()|U., I'eliruary ,5rd, 
1.S40. He receiveil a good elemeiilary edmalion in .1 si hool in his n.iii\e \ill.igc, 
and afliTwards for some time a teaiher in the s,imc seminar). Tor lourtieii 
ye.irs he pursued the prolession of .1 jonrn.ilist .it St. ,ind Toronto, during 
ele\cii yells of which he edited the St. Thomas /I'lii/hi/. In' was ap- 
pointed Secretary of the liiireau of Industries, which he ably organi/ed, and in 
iSS4 succeeded the late I'roT liiii kland as deputy head of the Department of .\gri 
I ulliire. and still holds aii<I faithfully hilfils the duties of the two positions. .Mr. 
lihie m.nsh.ils and correlates lai ts ,is .i general marshals and slrategiially mines 
his .iniiv. Nothing could well be more useful to the publicist than the mass of 
well ckissilied anil carehill) compiled facts to be found in the statistical literalure 
issuetl by llis Department. T'.veryone Interesled in opcralioiis, in 
rinancial. industrial and lonimercial interests in the I'rovince, must be .Mr. liliie's 

debtor for the ser\ice he renders in the various |ieriodic,il issues of the liiireaii, as well as in the more ambitious annual reports 

and occasional compilations which ajipear from his hand under the authority of Roval Commissions, fie has a special talent 

for the work he performs, and his gifts are those best known and appreciated by journalists and public men who are 

\|K. K. !■. II, lollN^lOS. 1,1 C, 

Mk. .\K' ho; u 11 111. I I . 

MyMiMsiKAiivr. A\h /'I /!/./(■ o///i/:h's. r/iv. 


Ml:. 1 II m;i i^ l.lMi^l v. 

;i((iisl(iiiK-(l lo (|ll:irrv ill the lik'niliirf iil llif liiirraii. Mr. liliii' was a hk'HiIilt and SitTL'lary nl' llic Koyal ( 'omniissioii 

a|i|HiiiUril !)>■ llu' (loviTTiiiiciit (iC ( Jiilario to iiiiiuiri- into llu- .Miiural KiMJiirccs (if tlic rnivincc In iSSS. Hi' is a I'VIIdw i)f 

tlif .\nicri<an AssoiiatiDii tor tin- Advancciiunt cif Si ii-nci-, and a nicmhi-r of the- Anicriian I-aiinoniii- Assm ialinn. dI the 

Anirricaii .\iadrinv of I'ohtical and Social Science, and ol' the .\nieiican Association of Mininj; Kngineers. In rehgion, Mr. 

lihie is a li.iptisi ; in pohtiis, he is a l.iheral. 

Mr. ('harks l.iiidsev, h'.K.S.C, ihc N'eslor of Canaihaii joiirnahsni, and son i 

in lav\ of W illiani I. von Mackeii/.ie, was horn in uliislnre, lai^l.nid. in iSjo. 

When he liad passeil his twenty first vear, he eiiiigraled to Canada, and In 1X4(1 

joineil the st.iff of ihi- Toronto A'.w/w/w/-, a news|i.i|ier wliii li lieeii founded 

ahout the Rehelllon period liv the late Sir I'rancis llincks, loaihocate Res|ionsil)le 

( lovernment. In 1X5,5, .Mr. I.indsey hieaiiie editor of the Toronto /.iwi/i v, the 

then ( iiief Tro\in(i,il organ of the Tory p.irlv in Canada. This journal he editc<l 

with coiis|)icuoiis aliilily. reiiderini; iin|iortant servii e to the 1 oiiiitry, as well .is to 

his jiartv, at a formative period in their loinnioii history. In i.S*); lu' relini|iiislied 

active joiirnalisiii on lieing appointed, hy the late lion. j. Samlfield .Macdonald, 

Kegistiar of the Cltv of Toronto, a position he still holds. In iSO.>, .Mr. I.indsey 

piihlished ihc " Tile .iiid Tinu's of Win. I. yon Macken/ie. with an .\eeoiint of the 

Kelicllioii of iX.i;. .1 work wliii h is recogni/cd as liie chief .md .iiitlientic repositorv 

of f.icls i-oiiiiectc.l uilli that distr.icted er,i. .\iiolher \.ilnalilc and well known 

work from M'' lliidsey's |;cn Is entitled "Rome in Canada: the I'llr.imonl.nie 

Struggle for .Supreniai \ >^■l■r the Civil Tower." This, too, is .1 reposilorv of 

facts respecting the .iggressioii of ''"• Roniisli Church in (,Uieliee and Its nieii:ice 

lo civil lilierlv. ( )lher piililished writings if Mr. I.iiulsey's ,ire. a '■Statement of 

the ( 'Kig\ Reserves (^Inestion ;" "The Ti liries :iiiil lia Western Slates;" :mi| .1 

historical review of m.illers 1 onnecled ivitli the long disputed "Northern ,inil 

Western lloiinil.iries ol (Inl.nio." .Mr. Tindsev is umlerslood to he one of the 

chief writers on our gre:it journal of coiiinieree, the Mi'iitfaiy Times, :ind his alile pen is reciigni/ed In other innueiitial 

jourii:illstic i|iiarlers. ehlelly de.iling with liiKincial and Canadian liistorie;il topics, on which he is .1 high :nithorlty. .Mr. I.indsey 

is :i memlier of the Royal Society of (aii.uTi. 

.\mong the chiefs of commerce in Toronto no one h:is si I higher in piililic esleeni ill. in the kile Seii.ilor John .\l:ic- 

iloii;ilil. T'or forty ve.irs his ii.inu' lici'ii :i sviioiivin lor liusims^ iiUegritv :iiid high persoiKil worth. IT>ljmeiiUil death 

removed from the l";inks ol indiistrv one of the most hononr.ilile and upright men who h.ive lieiii coiinecteil with the coiimieri e 

of (' He one ol the lew enlerprlslilg and suiccsshil nun who. if llieir moileslv would permit, could cl.iiui with the 

hest right to the appellation the lionotiralile ilesign:itioii of iiiercli:inl |irinie. .\inoiig his many henei'aetions, one of the latest, 

licfore he was t.iken hence, was the donation of .$40,000 tow:irds the erection of a new city lios|iit:il, :is a meinorial of a deceased 

ikiughter. .Mr. M:ic<lonald was horn In I'erllisliire. Si oil.ind, in 1S24, and when hut 
,1 kill i.ime to C.inada. His lather served in the .\<'III (Sutherkind) lllghkinders, 
;iild ill the school of the regiment the son received his earlv educalion. e\tellililig it. 
later on, at ll,ilifi\. N.S., .iiid at Toronto. .\t .111 e.irly ,ige he enlered ineicantile 
life, though he .ihv.ivs a leaning tow.nds ihe iiiinistrv, and In the .Methodist 
Clitnch, lo which he lielonged, he was vvoiil to act as :i lav pie:iiher. In his voiitli he 
filled several posilioiis of trust in hiislness houses, and In 1.S41) 1 ominenced liusiness 
for liiinself. Troiii the Ihsl, his wish w,is to prosecute :iii e\chisively dry-goods 
liusiness, :inil to conilui t it ill complete .mil ch'-lim t dep:irlineiits, e:ich under its indi- In this, his energy .mil line Inisiiu^s h.diils. coupled vvilli his high 
worth, m.ide hnn successful : :inil from step lo sti'p he Weill on, ever huilding up a 
kiige .ind more lucralive tnide. Soon his firm grew to he one of the kiigesi vvholes;ile 
importing houses in ilie Dominion. .\ Iter he had well est:il)lislieil his liusiness. he 
gave leisure to piihlic ckiinis upon him. and sal In the old I .egisl.itive .\sseinlilv ol 
(' for West Toronto, up lo llic period of ( 'onledenition. Tor three ye:irs 
( 1S75 S), he s,i| :ilsii in llie I lominion T.nli.imellt for Ceiiire Toronto. In politics, 
Mr. M.icclonald was ,111 Independent discnding the T.irlv vole when it 
iniversed his person:d coiivictioiis. He look a deep interest in all pulilic inieslions, 
ami his voice, his purse, and his pen were always at the service of a good cause. Ik- 
was an active ineiiilier of the l!o:ird ol Tr.ide. a Seii.ilor of 'Toronto L'niversity, a 
visitor of \'icliiri;i College, iiileresled in the Ihhie Societv, the T'.vangelieal .\lli:inie, 

the 'Temperance org:mi/atioii, :iiiil die N'oiing Men's Cluisii.m .\ssoci,ition. In iS.S;lie vv;is :ippoinieil :i Seii.ilor ol the 

Dominion. In Tehru.iry of ihe present (iSi)O), hi.' died, much .iiiil keeiilv regrelled. 

Till-: i.AiK Sr\,vinu (oils M vi 

nil: ni:\oMi\.\i loxs .wn iiiiih iw.stoks. 

cii.\i'ii:r w. 

I 111. I>l NOMINA I l(i\^ AND Illl-IK I'VSI'OKS, 
lii;n I Sisi II II cii I III I II, \i Ki^i \Mi ( ii;iiu 1 II III nil ki n;i -I M \ 1 1\ I ( iii ui iii ^. I'm l'.!'!--! ur u i \s. Rum w 

CmIIuI l< . I'm ^I:N I I HI \N. \ll I l|ii|i|-l. llM'l 1>I, \S|i ( iiNi.lil i.\l liiNM llliHII ^. I'KcA 1N( lAI I'll iM .1 U^ I II Rl.l ll.luN. 

I'.i I I I ~l v-i 11 M Ann \i - \\ii Si M i~i i( >. 

Til A r lluii' Is nil Sl.Hi' ('liiinh iii ( ' .iinj nn Sl.iU' .ml ^Uiii In aii\ ilriiniiiin.illciM i^, it vm- i\ii|il llir |iiriili.H 
|iri\ ilr^o .uii.inmtifil In Rom.m ( '.itlmlii ■• in (Jmlu-c. li.irilU llu- l.uil; nl llu- iMrU Iti mh niK is nl ihr i niinli\. ni 
i\rn 111 tlinsi'. l.n .mil iKiir. nl Dniisli niii;iii whn l.iiil thi. tnunil.ilinn-. nl tin- l'rn\inri-. It w uiiiui iss.ii\ lure In 
uk|- In ihu liniu- III' rnnlcnlinn. lllr ( Irlf;) Rtsrrws. .mil In tlu .illiluil.- nl llu- 1.M1K I' lAcrmi\f. hIui Minj;lu 
to cmUkIc .ill ikniiiniiiatHms liut tlic C 'lunch nl ICn};l;m(l Irnin |).nli( i|):ilin^ in tlic |)rii\l>inii iiiailc by llu' Sl;ilr Ini tlic ni^nn 
tciiaiKV in L'|i|itr Caiiaila nl' the I'rotcslaiU rflij;iiin. This aitinii, it i> will known, ^va^ Inni; .ind liittrrly cnnli.'slfd In the nlhir 

I'lilinNIn I NIVI Ks|l V. limlk-s. who weiv arlivi-ly |iursinng. in the laiv nl 
-iiiMUis iilist.irKs. llu ir i\.mi;; work in what was then a wilder^ 
lUss. .mil h.iil iiiilis|nit.ilili' I laiins tn share in the I. mil iii'.mts nl the 
Criiwn. I'he matter was, in 1S40. ha|)|iily l.iiil at rest li> admitting 
the elainis nl' the ( 'luireh nf the Methndist liiiily, .md one 
111- twn nlher denniiiinatiniis. .md by the later seeiilari/atiiin nl the 
bulk nr the Kinds, ihiillv Inr the |iiiri.iis,s nl eihie.Uinii. Ii> rit;lu nl' lirst 111 ( li|i.m. V m the field, there was. hnweM-r. sniiie 
juMiliLitinli Inr ill. .idv.mied liv the Aniiliran (luireh in the I'lnMiii e, Inr ihe denominalinli .1 1 luireh in \'nrk 
d'ornntiil as early a. iSo.^. wlii, h by prneess nl evnhllinn. siibjeet In the set barks nl hre. has e.inie In lie the Cathedral 
Chunhnl'St. lames of tn-dav, ( M' this eluirih.''ie Rev. Cen, Okill Smart was the 1111 iimlienl. and .11.11111^ l'.|iisi ii|i.ili,ms he 
is know a.s first Reetor of 'I'oronlo, as well as .\ii hde.i.nn nl Kmnsinii. Mr. Stuart was shortly afterwards siieeeeded In that 
doiinhtv ehami>ion of the lonn dimiinant ehiireh. the Rev. Jnhn Straehan. I).l>.. who in i.S,,.) beeame lirst liishn|. of the Dineese 
of •I'ornnlo. When this Diocese was ennstitiited, its area was the wlinle I'rovinee of l'|,|)er ( 'aiiad.i. I'ortioiis of the terrilnr\ 
wore subsei|uentlv broken nff intn nther Dioeesan orKani/atinns. vi/. ; Huron in 1S57. Ontario in iSdj. .\lgoiiia in lS;.?. ami 
Nianar.i in i.S;^. Indav. the five bishn|is nf these several dim eses administer the affairs of what was originally one See. In 
l,S(>7. the \ ene'r.ilile. til. fust llishnp nf I'n.niiln die.l. and Was si„-, .vded by llishii|i lU'thuiie. and h.-. in turn, was follnw.l, m 

////■ />/ \()\//.\ I77(>\S .1 \7> 1111:1 1< PASrORS. ••,!» 

iSyi), liy l)r. S\m;iIiii;iii. llif |iHMrU IIi-,Ii(i|m>I ilu- Dukim-. Tdiliiv, llic |i(isiti(>ii (jI llir i;))i-.<()| Cliiin h williiii tlu' lioiiiul^ iil 
thr Siv U mll^l f;r.ilir\iiit;. In roidiiln. llirii' .ire now inuic cluin lu--, and ( iinj;ri'n;ili<iii>, iil tlu' (l.-iiniiiinali(FH lliMii \\wtv wiTi' 
|i.irisli<-. .It lIu- rru.ili.iM nl ilu- liislin|irir. Win 11 hi. Sir.irli.m lir-,1 Ih'c.iihu Ucvtnr nl \ dik. llun- \mti- lint live 

l-^piM (i|ial 1 Irrgyin.m ill lln- »linlc nl r|i|nr 
Canada. Wlnii lie lii'ianic lll^ll'l|l, tlu'ir 
lUiiiilHf riM'ii to srvciilydiH'. I'uday 
lliiiugh I'lM- didCL'scs have liecii carved out (iC 
the I'roviiiee, theri'are (uu- luiiidredaiid si.\ty 
I'liTnyiiuil laliiiliriiii; in tlu- Idnuitd Diocese 
.iliiiie; and nl this luiinlpcr nearly one hall 
hiilil p.istiir.ilesdr college iirdlessdrships, etc., 
in the I it\. rile iiidther church iil' the ICcele- 
siastical I'riivince is the Cathedral Chun h dl' 
.~il. James, it has had an uiuisnally eventrul 
lii^lcir). hrdinthe iin(iiitriisi\i wdddeii Imild- 
iiii;, erei ted as .1 I'arish Cluirch in \ iirk at 
the iipeiiinn dl the lenliir). it uitli inaiiv 
vicissitudes (U'velnped inld the stately linild- 
iiij; He kiidw td(la>. In a crypt, under the 
rh.inccl. is the diist dl' him ulid tlii(Hij;h a 
Idiij; .ind stdrmy life watched d\er its every 
interest, .is well .is ilic inlere^t ol nnlile 
.idjiinct dt (he ('IuikIi, the l'iii\er.sity of 
I nil It \ ( 'dlle^e. which he Idtmded and tended 
with Idviii); care. I'd dther lailhlul hands in 
ihi' l-^pisccip.ite has been handed ddwii the 
trust Id which he ilid justice, with the iiu'eii- 
ii\es dl I'criem zeal and Iciyal devotinn to 

l)AK SilUKKl I'KI SIIVII-UI \\ I 11111(11. 

rile kdiii.iii ('.illidlic ('liiin h. tlidii^h iidi .1 l.irj;e or \er\ limU in I'drdiild. possesses a nciod dT wealth, 
.11 id Willi in the spluTc dl iis dpcMlidiis dcics iiuk h Idr rcliL;idM .uid nut less lor ch.iritv. In .iiidihcr I'rov im e il a iiuich larger 
hold, and its ecclesi.islical dper.itidiis ixieiiil d\er the wlidle lldminioii. N'earK' two imllidiis ol the ('anadi.m peiiple are dl this 
I'dld, and the Cluirch Cdiuits among ils i lerical winkers a ( ', eightien l!ishd|is. .md abdut twelve hundred clergy. In 

I'drdiUd It owns till cliurilic-- .iiid tlirci- ch.ipels, besides the mother church, llie of Si. .Michael, 
a college, and .1 iiiimlier ol' sihools. ( li.irilies and lonveiits. .\ loiirth ol' the centur\ passed away 
lielorc the ( 'alholics po^>i>M-d ,1 church in the cil\. I'luir lirst s.icred eililice St. I'.uil's. on 
Power Street, which liuill in i.Sjd. Ihc stn-el on which it is eni ii-il recalls the lirst prel.ite ol' the 
diocese. Ilisliop I'owcr. who in i.S); till a Mciiiii to the 1 hdlcr.i. when St. .Michaels ( ' ne.iring 
( diupliiidii. Ills slice tssdrs in the See have been llishop ( harbonnel, .Vrchbishop l.Miih, ,iiid the present 
W(irtli\ piel.iti'. Archbishop Walsh, .\s an mdicatidii dl the phenomenal gidwlh dl' 'i'oronto. it is wcirth 
riiuinding ihe reader thai when St, Michael's Cathedral was being erected, liishop Power w,is i,ikeii lo l,isk 
tor pi, lilting ,1 church in what w,is then a ileiise bush Cir Irom the ceiilre nC the cilv. lillx \e.irs, .ilter. we 
have seen a liishop ol another ( iiniinunion re.n .1 ( '.illiedral liillv three miles rurtlier into the bush, .mil 
e\en then within the ( 'orporalion limits. 

Iroiii an c.nK period Presbvleri.inisui obt. lined a loothold in 

loroiilo, and grown marvellouslv with the march dl' the years. 

I'he first minister of this bodv lo settle permanently in the cilv. the 

Kev. jaiues ll.irris. who i.uiu- to ('.in.ul.i froiii lull.isi .is .i Minisiir of 

the Church in Irel.iiid. I!\ tlu' 

muniliceiice of the l.ile Mr. less' Ki-lchuui, 

die site was ddiiated, in i.S.m, fur llu' " \'drk 

Presbyterian Cliiirch,' which w,is irec led in 

the following and did dutv for the 

ilenoiuination iinlil i,S47, when KnoNChurdi 

was reared in its pl.u , . Uelore this h,ippeneil, 

however, those who (lung to the tr.idilioiis 

of the S.dtch I'.stabhshnienl had sep.irale(l ^'- '"'''^'^ '"'''' ^■""""' HkO(K,on. 

themselves from those who suiip.ithi/ed with the I )isriiplidn, and formed the old Church of St. .\ndrews, with Dr. Man lay as 

their pastor. I'roin i,S44 lo 1S5.S, Kno\'s had the benefit of the niinistnilions of ihe kev. Dr. lUiriis. I'roni the latter period 


/■///•; />/:.\(>\//\.i //(i.x.s .i.\/) /■///•;//,■ /'./.s/()/i'.v 

lo iS- 

llu Kt v. |)|. I, 

mill iiiiinii iiiidir' tlir 






:ll' ... 

♦•,- ■ T -• t 

f [ 

\ II 

;1. ■ ti.' ■ 

W'MMhK HoMp llAlil^l ( 111 lii II. 

''• "" '"^"^- '"■ l"l'l' iiiiiiislnvil lo ilu' m,m;^i,h,iIi,,ii in s.irivd lllm^;^. In iSSo, ., ii, « nuniu «,is lir^iin Hilli tlu> 
inihi.lioM iiiln ihr |MMni,ii,-,.l llu' K,v. 1 Ir. I'.UM.Mv With ilu' v.•,lrsll,nl■^;nn^M llu- ( '11111.1, - iiunil., i,l,i|i. Sm.v iH-^K llir 
mil li,i> llln,■.i^^■(l lliivildM. Iiilolli.' iidiriU ..I llu' iMIut rilv cluinli ,ii(;,iiii/.ili,iii-,. win, h li.n,. ri.iii.' 
niiiipnlu iiMM Idlil III riisliyUTiiiniMii. Mr li.iM' iiol s|i,i(c luu' hi iiiu r. Iln- idilin' limit 
ill iS_{i on Cliiinli StriTl, iic;ir the cnriitr iil Ailil.iiik', jiul liiiij; kmiwii ,is ■■ \\w Kirk " nt 
luromo, lia>. |ia>M'(l rriiiii liu' kill ol llu' iiuhUtii rili/iii. hs iniililidii^ .in, hii«i\ir. Irci 
siiiid liy IvMi >lr()iin :iiiil (■niinriK.ilinii>, knnuii .is ••( )1(1" .unl ■■\r» si. .\iiiIhh\. 
Iliilli 1 lum lu'. ^irr iini.ililc .iilnriinuiils ul tlu' cilv. .iiul iluir |).l■.lol,^ k,\. C. M. \|l|||^.|||. 
\l..\,. .111.1 Ki\. 1>. 1. \l.i. .l.iiiiull. It. 1 1, .in- iii.-M rm(l\ .•.iiii|.pi-.l liir lluii w.irk.'- 
( lull. h. 1.11 (Jiiirii Stn-i'; i:.isl. ri|iUMiilN tr.idili.m.illy .il lfa>l. Iri'^li I'rrsliyUTiaiiiMii. || 
^^.l^ .n.Uil in iS5,s, .m.l h,,, 1.,mj. uiukT the |usliiral cliarnr .it t lie Ki-\. Win. 'Innj;. |).|i., 
till- Ic.iriud lii>iiiii.iii (il rn>li\ti.ri.inism in 

C.mad.i. Ill i.S.Sfi, ilu' Ki\. Win. I'.iitir A 

son, a native of ('diinty 1 )irry. sue i lediil 
til the |Mstorate. I'resliylerianiMii is ixiw 
well-gniwii ill ( '.inada. Tlie 
has liver 1)00 iler.ny.iie.irly i.ijoo ijnirclies 
and st.iti.iiis, with rinse ii|>(in 1(10.000 
iciniiiuinicaiits. In Tdroiito, there .ire 
iiinv twenty fne .luirches i.iniie. te.l with 
the liiidy, and l».i well ist.ililislied weekK 

Metll.Mllsiil lail |i.illlt t.i sll. - 
cesses ill the ein, where it has thirty liiiir 
eongrefjatiDns. and.arehiteetiirally, siiine iil 

the most heaiitiliil churehes. l-'.irdown in its Canadian historv, .Methodism in the I'rovinee was an oiit|iiist of the Methodist 
I',liisco|i,il Churili in the United Slates, hroin the earliest period its iliiur.iiit preaehers travelled over the munh and sparsely 
settled eireuits in Upper (,'anad.i. Nui till alioiit iSi.S. however, then- .ui\ . Iiiir. li nr^.ini/.iiioii in \ .irk. In year a 
I'r.ime hiiildint; was erected on Kiii.u Street, where the of Coininene n.iw st.iiids. 11. lore this, ^.lrk s.rveil liy 
pn.i. hers and evh.irters, who were assij;neil t.i iluty 111 th.' Il.iiiie llistri. 1. ..r \.in^e Strict ('ir.iiil. .\t llie < 'oliterclin- ol' iSj;, 
Sdrk was made a separate "station, " ami six years later, when a union li.iil lieeii . .insumm.itc.l wilh the Ihilisli Conrereiiie and 
the main Metho.list liody, the den.iinination t.iok the n.imeof the Meth.i.list ( 'hur. h. S.nne twenty years Liter, were 
ere. te.l llie .\.lel.iiile Street, Kiihmond Street, ,111. 1 (Jiieeli Street cluirclies, and the New ( 'onnectioii Mellioilists also loiindecl a 

. on Temperance Street. The I'rimitive Methodists als.i liej^an alioiit 
tills peri. 1.1 their I, ilioius 111 the lity. I'nion in time lolliiweil, .md the pmnriss 
ol llie ( luir. Il W.IS heiiielorth gr.itil'yinn anil rapid. With llie .■.lining ol' 
IM. M.irlev riuishoii, Methiiilism ill Toronto started into in w lile, .mil the 
n.ilile edilice, the Melr. ipolitan Cluirch, with m,my other sirm tines, were pari 
of the Criiit. Today, the cluirclies ol the deiii)miii,ilion overspread and 
lieautily the c!;v, and testily to the devotion of liotli pastors anil people. 
Ill the denominational orpin, the t'/i>l</itiii (,'U(i/,/iit/i. .Methodism has an old 
liiu Mfiorous ally. 

I'henoinenal in Toronto lieen the (growth, .mil within a few 
ye.irs, of the llaptist ( 'onmumion. The body has 11. iw si\ieeii . liiin li.s in 
the city, with the important and vinnrous auxiliaries of a welTe.niippe.l Uiii 
versit) and an alile in the Tress. One of its earliest cluirclies ilie 
liond Street Cluireh, near (^tueeii, loii|^ assiiciated with that zealous worker, 
the Kev, Dr. I'vfe, afterwards I'rincip.d of the ilennminational Seminary in 
W'oo.lslock. l!v the kite Senator M. M.ister's lilier,ilit\ , tin- f.irtimes .if the 
Ikiplist ( 'onmumion l)rij;liteiieil when he inaile the lieijuest lor llu .rei lion and 
eiidownieiit iif the theological college, known as Mc.Master 1 1. ill. Willi the 
growth of the denomiii.ilion, this University has lately had stroll^ .iddilions 
made to its leachiiit; I'.i.iilty, and il is now well set on its career of useful w.irk. 
Throiiglioiit the cilv. the denoiniiiatinn now owns sixleeii h.iii.lsome .mil w.ll- 
lllled .liurclies. 

The e.irly memories of < 'iin(;renationMlism in Tiironl.i, m the m.iin, 
duster round three churches, one old /.ion Church, at the corner of l!ay and .\delaiile Streets, associated with the names of the 
Rev, John Koaf and Kev. 'T. S, ICIIerliy: two, liond Street Cluirch, associated with Ihe name of the Kev. T'. II. .Marling; and three, 
the Northern ( 'ongregalional ( 'luirch, associated, if we mistake not, with the name of the Kev. I )r. .\dain I .illie, and latterlv with 
that of the Kev. .Mr. Ihirton. Hesides these, four other churi lies have since lieeii erected liy the active zeal of the denomination. 

Si. .Mi. iiM.i.'- iK. •;.) Caiiimiku,. 

Tin: ni:\iUiix.iTio\s AM) riiriH /:i\/va's. 71 

W r liavi- Irll imrM'hcs no >|i,irc in iiiijiiu r.ilr llu ( linnln'^. (ir iip>|n-.ik (il lln- n rli-.i.isiic,il Moik. mI' uiIkt ri'linimiM liodifs 
whip li.Uf ll(lllu■^ .111(1 . 1 s|ilHrr (il\i(ti\il\ in I iirmilo. I„m li nf llii' rnllnniiin li.ivi- ciru- cirinuri' i liiin liis. cIwihIs iir iiui'liiin 
liniiMs 111 llii' I il\ : I'ImikmhIi Untliriri. kirnrnnd l'!|iiMci|iiil, ( 'iilliulii- .\|Mi^lcilh, (iiiiiijii I iiiIk mm. liiil.iri.iii. .\i» Kiii^.iliiii. 
I )i^c ipli>. Sill k l\ 111 IiuikN. Itililc ( linsli.iiis, « 'lirisla(kl|>.. ,inil Jrtts. liiMiks iIkm', iIrtl' l^ llif 'l'Liii|ik', will) iiiiiiu-Kiii-. 
Iir.iiiili l);irr,iik>. nl ilu- Sjlviitiim .\riny. Ilic imiiiliiTs jnd ailluTi'nt> iif llu-si' rr.iniiunt.iry IkhIu^. mc iii.iy well l)ilii\f. 
riMM)!) lor llic r.iilli i.s in llicm, ami. (Iiiiililli^>, In llicir <iwii IuiiiiIjIi- w.iy arc ilninn ■.(MmlliiiiK Inr llif Masti-r's cadv anil 
ari' as "«i-IU in a dry land." It is tin- ^.l^llillM iiuw a days Ui spr.ik liiiiiiliilly iilllu' iluin lifs drawint^ iiKiri' iIomIv tn^i.tlur, 
and we slimild like In ihink dial siii h a lliin^ w.l^ |lll^^illll■. .ind dial drnnminatidnal harriers will soinr dav fall luliirr iIk- rLr\iil 
onsl.iiinlil 111 liriillu'rly Icivc and ihf «.iiid nl uiiiuii. Itiil, .l^ hi- liaM- iNcw lure asked, is chiirrli iiniim. lliimuli il in.u lie l.irmlv, 

and liniii ihr ImsI iimiivi's i.MriR-.lly. i|i-.riisMil ,il the |iri-.iiit il.i\. rc.illv .1 | or 
• lliinH. s.ivi- aniDM); di nnininatiiins .irc.ikin in di.itriiK' and in iiimlr dl' 

1 liiiri 11 niivirnnu'iit ? Wi' think nut. Niir dn we m-c tin,' driiraliility cf .my lusinn Hliich 

^liall .i|i|iiar lorci'd and dix nrdant. Inr (iiir-M-lvos, while wc dii not fail to a|)|iriiiatf 

lIu- -.iiiiit wliiih |)riim|its to unit), hi- an- I'dnUnl to si-i- mhiu- divi-^iiui iil Lihoiir aiiinnnsi 

tin- rluirrln-s, ,ind da-ni divi-rsily ilsilT imi milv ,1 lliiiij; liul mir nf the lii-st l.nlnrs 

ill keijim^; till- di-iKiinin.itiiins Iriini • niitr.n linn I'l-.!. It k tnu- dure i^ iiiui h in 

>^ I w ^-r- 1(11111111111 .niiniif; .ill riiiti-st.inl ( llllllnnnl^ll^ ; ilun- l-- the ^.iliu elieliiv In lij;lit and the 

mfj^^ A ^r s.niii- lie.iwn to lie »(in. liut l(ie> h.i\e lieen i niiiiliered « itli .1 \.nieH d we.ijimi--. and 

^H^BW the alidde (if the lilest has in.iiiy in.insinns. 

^^^^ ^^^L ' '"^' l^'Jil'l Ki'^- .\rlluir .Swi-atni.iii, .\1..\., I).l)., tli()iij;h -^lill 111 the |iriiiie df lilc. 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ .ilre.idy s|ieiil .1 iiidst .ictlve and zealous career in many s|ihere'< ol ii^cridncss. iiorn 

j^fl^^Hn^^^^^^^^^ in London, l-ai^land. in iS,;4. we find him c.irly hi-. >i\teenlli te.ichin,:; the 

^ ^^V ^^^Ffij^^^^^^^Hk. (Ini^t ( 'luircli Sunday Si hool. Mar\ K-lioiu-. Seven u.irs Liter he w.i-^ Siipcrintendeiit ol 

' li^r ^^^f^^W^ Je-.iis lane Sinid.u Scliiinl in the Uriti^li mclrii|iolis. In i.S5(;. he ordained de.K on, 

' ^^W^ ■ f in the lollowinj,', prii-st. .Me.inwhile he l.iken his dej^rec at Cainliridjje. with 

honours in matheiii.itics. and nained a scholarshiii (hiring hi> course. He w.i:. entered at 

( 'lirists College, .\lter ordination as priest, he accepted tin- po--ition of Klin^ton 

liisnoi- Sui VI MAS, M..\., I). 1 1. (iillene, being connected at the s.imetime as curate, first, at Holy Trinity. Islinntun. then 

at St. Stephen's, ('.iniinliiny. In i.Sfi5, through the in^trninenlalily of the then Ui^hnpof 
Huron, he w.i-- induced to cross the .\tlamic and accept the lu-.idni.i^lership of llellmiitli Colli-gi-. London. .1 post he Ik Id for 
seven ye.n>. .\l die end of this period, the m tiir-.hip of ( < 'luiri h, Itrantford. offered hiiii. This he took, luit .it the 
\;\m\ of two \ears left it for tin- position of mathematical master ,it Upper Canada ColU-ge. loroiilo. hut soon resigned to t.ike 
once again the charge of I lellmiith College. 'Ihe year 1875 saw him Canon of the Cathedral at London. < )ntario. lie was 
.ippiiinled .\rchileacon of liniiil. .md snhsei|iienlly acting re<tor of Woodstock. In iSjij, his Lordship was electi-d to the vacant 
liishopric of I'oronto, a post, it need scarcely he said, at once high, import. int. ardiions and delicati-. 'Ihe llishop of Toronto 

has eseiciseil. in the v.irioiis diilies I iinnei led with his See. that acti\it\ ,iiul /e.i! 

which, as we h.ive seen, teri/i-d him in e.irlier hie. .ind in it his learning, 
iirhanily, t.ict and skill in organi/.ition lull si npi-. 

The .Most Kev. John Walsh, l>.l)., the present oi ciipaiit of the koinaii 
Catholic archi episcopal chair in Toronto, was horn in iS,^o in the I'arish nl Moon 
coin, Couiitv Kilkenny, Ireland. He received his ediKalion first at St. Johns 
College, W.iterford. then .it the Seniinarv of the Siil|)icians .it .Moiitn-al. He 

ordained .it twenty four years of agi-. S 1 .iller this i eremony tlu- young priest 

was ap|)ointe(l to a mission known as the liidck Mission, His iie\l sU p in 
has heen a singularh successful and hrilliant path nf life, tn the I'.irish of Si. 
Marv's in the Tnrontn Diocese. His iie\l charge was perhaps ei|ually as grt-al an 
.idv.ince upon the preceding, that, namely, of rector of St. .Michael's C.ithedral. 
Toronto. Here he remained two years. .\t the (lose of this period, his (IraK 
relumed to St, M.irv's, heing at Ilu- same time vicar-general of the diocese. In 
i.Sd;, when in his lliirlveighth vear. 1 )r. W.ilsh was uiiaminoiisly iininin.ited hy the 
hierarchy nf tlu- l-;c( lesiastical Trovime of (,)uehe(- to the Hisliopri(- of S.indwicli. 
his coiisecr.ition taking place in St. Michael's, 'Toronto. In this Si-e. tin- newly- 
appointed hisho|i had full si-ope for the utmost activity. With the (o-operation ol his 
llo( k, he snc(-eede(l in m.iking his episiopale memor.ihle. not a few things 
testifv. Not only were large and pressing dehts entirely removed, hut the ( 'athedral 
of London. ( )nt., hegun in i.S.^oand opened for service in i.S,S5, hecanie a snh .111(1 lasting iiioniiment of progress made. It was during his epis(-iip.ite 

in London that his (ira(-e attended the I'lcnary Council held at lialtimore. L'pon the death of .Xnlihisliop I.v nch. in 1.SS8 
the iiishnp (jf London was called to the .\r(-I)i episcopate of Toronto, the high position which he still occupies. .Xichhishop 

. iii;Hiiij|- \\ VI. -.11. li.l 1 

//// /'/ \(i\//\ I / /O.W .l\/i nil IK fWliiKS 

III \ IM'.' IIMI I ,M I 'I. It ll. 

V\ .iMi IS .1 III in III liiH I iliii ilHiii .mil .1 liiil.iil. .iii.iiiiiiH III . Inllii.i ^ilt , III ,iili|>llii illMi iHiM'i III .1 VI 1) ^<i ill .|iii',Ml<ili 

jihI ,1 litii;iil .iiiij lilii iiiiimI Hi Ii.ih .iIiu iii.ilntii il jiuMi t, .fiiil .in iniim^MM nianm i in lln |iiil|iil Ai .in 

ai|iiiinislr;iliir lir in. in; rxullrtil i|ii;ilitii-s, ;ini! \\ nim li IiiI<imi| ;i'> hi II ,i'i ti ipi ■ Inl li\ lin |irii|ili 

rill \i>\ \N III ( '.ivi n, 1 1 1 1 . mm for innn ihi niv m Mt< I'tini i| <il Km it I nHi |/i , I Kinnin, ».i . limn in lln <,% m 

|H(', III till I' ,,\ Kiikiiiini. \\ iitlnniliirr, SikiI.iimI IIi< I.iiIm i, .i iIi <• i nl lln liinlv ii|iImi|i|i i . nl llii Siili inn 

l.i'.i|;;iii .mil < iivrn.inl. Iiiiiii).'lil tin- l.iiiiilv In ( '.iii;i>l.i. .illlin); in .N'utili ImiiiiIih <. 

Oiil , lull iilli'rn.inb i< iniiMn^Mu till' \iiniil) iii Si.\ •>. Tiir miIi)ii| nl lln. 

iki'li ll rrii'ivril III. Ill ,t I iliiialinii iimirr In. f;itlii i . Ii;imli, ;nii| MiliM'i|iirnll\ 

slmliril Inr lln'> in tin Si'> nl iIm- I mini ( liim li il Lull 

■ Inn. Out. In iHi;.-. Ill ».i In . n i <l in |iii .i> li, .nnl in llir ijim )r.ii Innl. mi i tin 

||.l(l^ll nl Si, . Hill l)n«iiM In iH;',, lln I'llln l|i,iMil|i nl Klnn < nlli ^'^ 

Ini .11111' v.'ii Jill liv lln ri'.i(.'ii:illnii nl In Uilli.iinl In ( '.imh h.i. .i|i|ininli i| In 

lill till' lil)(li nlln I' I'niir y Jf. |iirunii'i In lln. In m;i . .i|i|innilii| li) tin S^iinil, 

i'lnli'Sunr III l'.«i m in .il I ln'nln^.n .iml I nlni.ln Hi w.i-. Mmli (jinl nl 

llir ( .niiiijj I'ri "ilivli ii;in ( linn li .il llir liinr nl IH iiiiinM hiiIi iIm I'n tli^ 

( liiiri ll 111 ( ' I jii i nnm i linn uilli llir ( liiin li nl Si nll.iml I n I ,im n lut .iIhh 

III 111 I'll I'll III nl III. (nil.ilin I I ji lirf)' Alwn l.lllnli I nl'. Ill' ll.l . In i 11 

117.'. mil i| .1 mil III lln Inn inn. I 1 >|iniirnls .mil »r.i li.nlii-. nl llir I'n- .Inn ii;m 

< linn ll III lln I imiiinimi, ;mi| lln niiniln 1 nl Minii^' iiiiiii .li 1 . »lin, iliiiin;.' lln l.i I 

■.inriiil >i'.ii%, n.iM I niiir ninli I lln- inlliii'in ■' nl lii> .11 .nli Inn .il .iml llii'nln(,'.|i .il 

tr;iiniii|/. ;is lii';ii| nl Knn« ( '>i\W^\-, imisl lir \i'i)'. Mi n'Inii mll^l .ilvi In iii;ii|r 

nl lln |iiniiimi III {i.iil l,ik>tili\ I'liiii i|i il ( '.ivi 11 in lln- ri 1 1 lit ;iKil'ili'i>> .'i^'.imil lln 

ji.i <'.in^' nl llir |i '<ml l.'.l.iirs' (till in l.lin In ■ 
\i Ini iinl I .iiin .1 .1. Ii.iu In in In-. ■ ifnil in 
I lln. illliillnli. In li.r. in Ml 1 n 1 r<|i ij lln 

limiinl. nl |iilni .mil InliMiinn I'liin i| I .m n iii.iiinil. in i^^'i, Mi.-i Imliln. nl'liliilir,. nr.if ,\\(, 111 lln < mini', nl, ((ill I,'. Ini In ll.l . .. I.miilv nl 
•ll vin ' liililn II 

I In I'l \ < li.iili ', \\ \. Itiiily, 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I . I'inM.'.l Kill \ II I I li.iin 1 llni nl tin 
I iiuii.M\ nl I unity < 'nlli'j^i . w.i'i liniii .il < l.i|ili,iiii, Siittry, |■.n^4.ll|I|, in i«^i. Allri 
i.i.iuii^.' .1 |>ri'lmiiii.iry 1 <lin ilinn. In inn n i| it Jnlini (nlli^'i, < .iinlitiil|.'i , in li^?!, 
».i. Ilrll IniniMty Si linl.n in iHy.;, .iinl KI'i'lU'il' 'I I'l" '' '•' .n ^ lil' f « Hli in.illn in.iln iil 
linnnilt'i, InlilK iimIi^dir In iKjO, lin ({:iinii| ,1 .1 1 ninl < l,i .. m iln I In nln^'n .il 
lii|Hii, wan .ilsi) ( .irii'> (im-k IVsLiininl |iii/i'iii,iii ,iinl 111 i^lyH Ihi-iiih lyiwlnii 
ll.lirrw Si linl;ir, Allir lliiti liiilli.iiit iinmisitv i.mii. I'mwii I:. niv wiis ilninl I 1 llnvt 
Iinl I.I < tun 1 in I lirnln^'y nl lili ( iillr).',!', jml .il.n I nuiiil', I 1 < lui. 1 in I', inlmil . I nlli').',i', 
' .iiiiliinl(.'r 111 lin-ii iin'iitinin tin ri'M Mini 
;.V mil iii.iii ilnl .Kiniii.iiili t'.mt .nnl tt.i 

ili'MlMilK |Hi)iiil.n. H11 inllinnii' nsii , 

yniini^ llirn ;il inllr«r w:ii Mry «ri';il, iinil, | 

• nii'ilililin^ till' IIm liialinii'. nl Inlli'l Jliinli;.' 
ilii' yniilli nl tin liinr, < \lii iin ! , 'nni'ln mi. 
n>i|ini| tin l'rnMr,l<lii|i .ii liinily ( nlli ).'i , 
rniniiln In 1I1I1 |i'>|inii-.llil< |ni>l In li.i, ilnin inn'.l iisiliil wnik Ini lln .\n^<ln .in 

( liiin ll in ( .in.iil.i. ;iinl .ll lln ^;lnn liiiii' ll.l . iiii|i.iilri| in» lilr .nnl v'l'niiilnlln 

^^ l.niviriity nl wlmli In- i". tin In Inn tin Ni.m l;ilinm il li.niU. lln 

( nllrm' li.'is (irriilly trirrr:iM'i| il"> iiiilinni r ami liiiniin' .111 llii|iniiiiil iinin nl 

li'.iiiiini.' I)r. Hn'ly lirinns In III', work ^rniil /j'jI, iiilrnv rjrm iIiU'm., 11 linl.irly 

atl.iniiinnli ami tlii' |inui-rs nf .1 lii;;lily 1 iilliv.iliil iiiiml I In' Ki'MMIkI, lln 

I'invn.l 11 ramiii ami ( 'luiiii'llnr nl lln- ( itln nl ijn I inn • m 

ihr Ki'V. I't.ifi'-,vir Uilli.ini ( laik, .\1.A , ll.l)., wlm lill. lln . Ii.m nl 

Ml anil l'liilnsii|iliy, in lln I nivrrnily' of I riiiily ( 'ollr){i', I ninnin. 1 mn 

ol Itir alili'st ;iml lliosi ai < niii|ill*ilii il nl (aliaila'i ai|n|ili'il v/lis, a li aim il ilivim . '^"jIBiPIR^^ I 

all t'lnijittnt jinai llrr, ami a Illicitly i'i|iii|i|iri| initrm Ini ol yoillli. lln- son nl 

till' l<r\. J.iim-i 'laik. .M.,\ , llavinl, SinllamI, In- wa', lintn at limriiry, Alirnlri-n 

sliirr, .M.iri ll lU\\\, iKiiy. Trnl (l.iik was rilin .iliil il Kin("'i < 'nl|i'|.'i , Alii lilriii. 

ami ili'itlnnl < iilli'^;r, <)-,lnril, .11 lintli ol wlm li iinnii' iHi . In ^nai|ii,ili il In iXt;;, In w.i . nnl. inn <l ili.nnii, .iml in lln 

(ollowinv^ >i .11 |irn ".I, liy iln lii Imp nl Unn 1 '.li 1, 1 li lia'. In lil .1 w |i.inn 1 li.iini', in l',ni,',l.iinl, .'iml li.n In i|iii nil'. In rn 

si'li'ili'il In |in;nli 111 Si I'.iiil ., W'l ',tininilrr .Milns. nnl nlln r 1 .illnilr.iK ilrsiili's |iiil)lisliiii(^ uilinin i nl ',1 iinniis. 

I'l '. I'l", n 1 Ini... I.I I, 
III lilKi, |)r. ISoilv wa'^ olliriil nnl 


Kk. . I'lnl. W. (.I.AkK, 1,1, 1 1 

//// hi \ii\ii.\ \ I iii\ . i\/i I III II- rr.ioK',. 


l'i'>l < I'li^ li.[. fMii J.ilwl lr>>iii iIm ).< rin.iii. I|. Ii I< . "(|i,|.>|', i.MIm ( ihimuI., .ii.'I li.n .iI.ii tr.iri' >I .iimI . <Iii< i| I Li^'i iiL.m Ii'-. 
m II kiiiiwii 'III tins III ( IliiilriiM ( hiiiimk I'l ' iii.mI.i hi iHX/, I'fil I \mV «.i>i (nt .1 Imil linn ;r,ii>,i;irii .il SI 
(ii'Mi^i "., I iitiililii, .ill'l vtliilr hiliiii^ (lilt ililU w,ii MiiiiillaiH ■lll^l^ iliMli >l In Hint with lln Kit III K.iiinliifil, ;il N'rw Vnrk, 
:iimI In Lit . llii 1 li.iit III l'lilliiMi|illv .11 rtllilly ( 'i)lli«r, I iiiiiMln. I »i. < l.irk 1 In liil lo ;ii ' 1 |il lln l.illir |iii',l ;iiii| ».ii lliifi ,illi r 
.iliilM. llll.illnl Sliii I (III II. Ill |i;i<. Il.lll III.IIIV > all. In llllilrll.ikr I |i III ;il ,ll|l| |iri)(i- 1 .IDII.ll wnll. Ill llli llillnl Sl.ili ,, all III 
will' Il III- ha . ill I hill i|. Ihiiin.'li III I, ii'i ■.llaii(.'i r III Aim Mi .111 |iiil|iil , ami al iiiiiiiy i;( lln iiiiivi filllin aliil ■ Inin li 1 iiii(/fi .'U ■^ in 
ihi- 111 iKhliiiiliiiii' l'i|iiililii III |H«7, I'lnt ( laik ua'. a|i|i'iiiili i|, In lii'.lii.|i llariii, HaliUiii Liiliiril al lln ( iilvirilly iil 
Mil hiKaii, Ann Ailini II.. Inllilin. nl nl ihi.ihiU a|i|ii an i| in lln Inini nl an ami llimn/Jilhll hirii". nl |i 1 liilri, 1 lilllliil, 
■'\NlllU'HiM-s In ( liii-.l , a < I.. I liii aiaii \|.n|ni^ In ,. |iiilili In i| al ( lin a(.in in lln Inllimiiiif, u ai In \'M-i',. lln 
riHTiilil Ki'lilli mill «a. 1 In. . 1. ()i.i..i II II..I1.1I (nil. .. (i. in va. \S , nn «hnh n... inn In hail lln nl II |i 
1 niii. II i| iiji III liini ami Ha II III. .iin linn a|i|ininli i| In an linnniai y |i 1 linr .hl|i ami (iiM n a |iiriil|iiii nil lln 1 nllipii- sl.ill 

Ili'Mili 1 |ii tlniinin^; lln a|i|iinii> Mnik nl Ins 1 hall al I niilh I'niuiMly, |lr. ( laik 
Innl I. I am In . .Iil lln ( niniiliiiii (liiinllHiiiii. in nn 1 I lln man il. iiiamlH ii|inii liiiii 
Ini |i'.|iiil II II I hill , nn lili lais ami nhinnns ln{.n . nl lln Inm , ami In laki' |iiil|ill 
I ilnl\ III riiaiiv I ninnln, am! iinl a lin mil nli, < liim In . in lln ilnn . ..InrtlniM- 

1 nii^ii (/.iliniis hi' I . alHavi a nin.l ».|i.iini' walaiil In .nlililinn In ihii. lln- I'm 
li'.vir It mil iiihi i|iii iilly in In- iinl »illi nn lln |ilalinini in innmilinn Hilh 
■ liarilalili' nr nihil jiiililii ami |ialinilii wnik liiln hi 1 |inl|iil iiinii'lralinni ami 
wii k lias III Inn >. I'inl < laik iin|inil an aiiinnnl nl lll^llll• linn ami inlirisl uhn h 
^'iialh |i|iihl a. »i II as ■li'lli.'hl 1.1 ...nil. m . < In lln |il.illniiii. hIiiIi In 1. .'ilwayn 
lln alnilai, In 1, ni Ml lln {1. .laiii. Inil liina.l iininl. i|, ali it mil 1 nli ilaniiii).' : in 
ill. |nil{iil In |.n 01 111 I ,1 ;.'■ inn . Ini |in ai hin^' I li- lia . 11 ai| Hulrlv ami ,lirilii i| 
i|ri|il\. i lasiii|.; vi'ii mm II nl nn n ami lln- ».iilil, In 1 . .1 1 harnnn;.; iniiMt.alniii 
ah .1 ami has llir iiianinrs .iinl hi^^li ■ liai.n li ti'ln i|iiahlirh nl a ;iriill< man 

III. \i>\. jnlin l< |i. ly, HA, lallni Mi|ii nnr nl Si. Mnliail'. 0<< ] 
< ..11.;'. |..iniiln, liniii ,il I'.nhinnnil Hill. ( nniily Vnrk, Out, .\ii);iril ,11.1. 
I y, \'i', 1 1. «as I ilin ,il. il .11 III. I iiivi'inlly nl I nrnliln, Irniii wlin h In ^'Milnilnl in 
1/.; I \!l<i prailiMlni).'. I ,iilii 1 li'i'ly l.'iii;i|il in lln llaiinllnn I nil. in. it. In-tiliil. 
i) .111.1 mill I 111 lln .ii', >i hnnis nl tin I'invim 1 Ini .1 |i. iiml nl llin 1 ',1 .11 . 

I|. III! n 1 nil inl lln diainl .Siinin.iry .il .Mniiln ,il, »lirli' In tinln i| lln nln;^' , In 
Inm. I'li^y^, III' was iinhniii'il ,1 |irirsl, ami tinimih.ili I) tin n ill. 1 illnlnil In 
SI. .Slnh.iiis ' nllrxi', I ninnln. ,is rmlissnl nl .Matlntn.iln . I'inl Irrly s 

V hnl.iih .ill.iimin m , Inn li .n Inn^', ,iliilil\, .iml ^1 in lal hi(i|i 1 h.irai li 1 I. i|. in iXKi;, In Ins .'i|i|ininlniiiil .1^ l.illn 1 Sii|H'tini nl 
Si ,VI|i hai-l - ' nlli )<r. I Ills iiislitnlinil, as Is knnwn. 1 . .illili.ili i| hiiIi lln I ni-.. 1 iiK, .mil li\ iiilni nl hi , nlln . tin 

Krv. hillirr 'I I riy IS ■niliiT nl tin nl I ni.iiiln I nm r il\ I In l.illi. 1 -siiii. in.i nl M \ln h.i. I Imlil ■ hij'li |.l... . 

Ill ihi' tr^.-inl nl tin.,. .il Ins HH n 1 nlnininiinn, .nnl In 1 . .ilsn hn.'lil', .■ ti . nn il li',', 
l'Milrsl,lllls. .iml . .|ii'il.ilU lis lln 1 ilin .illnni .1 nl lln rnAlm.. »liiili.isi lln {.|. .i.iin nl 

kinmiii;! him 

I III' l<i y. W illiain Krnl, I (. I )., Inli|.i iml laviiiii.ilily kmnMi .is nm- nl tin 1 li ik , ni 
ill. I .. .\ 'M'lnlilv nl lln- I'n sliMiiian ( Iiiih h in < aiiaila, .iml a}{i'iil Ini tin Si In nn 
nl tin limK. w.i . Iinin ni CAtU in lln I'.nihnl Kililnnnnn, ,\hi i.|i 1 n .Inir, Sinll.iml 
III- ii|ni,iti il .Il KiiiK. > ' nll.'Ki . Mni'li.n. 'aIhii hi Innk Ins SI .\ ih >;ii .-. .\l|ii 
lakiliii hlH lllnnlnyiial roiirsi-, hr In 1 nsi i| In |iii ai li hy tin- I'n iliyti ly nl Inrilw i', nl 
III!' ( 'liiinh nl Si nllalnl, in iK {7. 'ml slinrll) lln'rralti 1 h ft Ini I iimlcr .111 a|i|iiinil 
ini'iil as inissinn.iiy Ini lln- I^nu ( Sninls. I'.arly in 1)1. |n he was nr>l,'nin >l 
;iml iinlin tiil In lln' |iastni,il 1 liar|.n' nl (itallnn ami < nllintni', ,il ihal |ii'iinil allai lull In 
tin I'll- .Iclirs nl Knil/stnii. In iH.(i; In »,is 1 .ilh i| In I'n Inn, I'tlin i' I'.ihvaiil ( n. wlni. 
Ill' ii'iii inn i| imlil |H=;), «liin In n inn. .1 In I ninnl.i. In In rnnii- (.ifni' .li... nl nl ll.. 
Si 111 till s nl ihr I'ri'sljyli' < linn h .nnl l.iliini nl tin l:filr\iii\lifiil iiiiil MnMnmin 
h'rfiitil. Ill iXi;u, l)t. Ui'lil was .MmliTalni .il tin Ssinnl nl tin I'lisliyliii.m < hiin li in 
iHy.t In- Mmli'talni nl tin ( i. in .AssiiiiliK nl tin' ( anail.i I'lisliyli fi.iii ( linn h 
llir ili'siKil.'illnii nl lln- h.nh all. 1 niiinii fin \Wt\) with thn I'liltnl I'n'sliyliii.iii ( 'liiin I. 
.nnl III 1M77 hi- was Vlnilii.ilnr nl ihr (irinial .Assriiilily nl lln- rnsliyti nan (IniKh in 
( aiiaila, ihr iiiiinii nl ihc v.iiinils lii.nnlii's nl tin- I'lisliy li ( hnii h h.iMii^ l.ikrii |il.n 1 
in 1K75. llliriliK liiin l"ll|{ iiiti.-rval. tin imw vi in lahli- iliMtn h.i , l.ilinnn i| i.iriK'Stly Int 
his ik'lioiiilil.'iiinli, ami lin-ti a irnliil ami l.iiihlnl si isaiil in .nlinnnsli iiii^ thr lin.'iinial .tml i/i'inial .ill.iirs nl tin- I'lisliyli'ri.'in 
( lllirih III (aiiaila. lln- li'iinml (.n nlli ha. al,n In .11 ... Iiyrly ■ niinii tiil. Ini a lnn(' am nl yi ais, with ihr l'|i|ii'i 
(an.'iil.i lillili' Sill Illy, ami llli' Ki ll^inils Itnnk anil I lai t Sn.nls nl tin I'lnvim . In i''.;'i. In I', nl |. 1 1 is. i| lln linnni.ny 
<li'«rii' III l).l). Irniii '^in-i-nSi 1,'iiivi rsiiy, Kiiijislnn. 

.' I I'l I ., Il \ 


/■///•; />/:.\c' u/.\.r/7(>.vs .L\7) iiieir r.isioKs. 

Ukv. |i.ii\ l'.)n~, I>.|i 

'riic Kr\. I>|. I'.'H>, ihr ^t,ll^^.ul ('.ciui.ll SririLii) ol llu' I ■ S(icnt> mI ihr Mrlliodwt Cluiiili in C.iii.icl.i. was 
licpin in ('niint\ I i;h, IrcLmd. iS;S, ;iiiil w,i> nnlv M-vcnli-iii wlirii lu- Kll tlu' l.inil dl his liirlli Inr \W- N\u World. 
<)rii;iiijll\ :iii l',|'i'.( n|Mli,in, hr .ilu r«.inK joined tlu' Mclliodisl ( ■oiiinumion. ,ind, al'irr a slmri |uriod |>, m imnanlilr 

|iiirMiil> in Kinjistoii and Hamilton, idiiiiiR'ni i-d lo stud\ lor \W- inini>li\, .lUindinj; 
\'i(iori.i ( 'olli-fH', ( 'ohmirj;. .\l the aj;i- ol twiiitv ihue. \\y ».i> onl.iiiu-d. ha\iii(; |>rior 
to this iinik'rtaki'ii miiiistiTial work in .M.irkh.iin. .\nroi,i. N'L\vin.irki.'t. and Thorold. 
.Mlcr ordination, lu' assisted iIk- Ri\. Ricli.ird Joiu's, at London, Irom which place lie reino\e.l to \'ork\ ille. His next^e was the |i.istoi.ite of the new Ccnleiiary 
( hull li .11 I l.iiiiilloii. .ind m il he eliiineiuly slice esslnl. Iroiii ILunillon I )r. I'olls 
|i.i^si'd to the St. lames' Street ( 'huri h., « here he .iddcd sui cess to slice is^. 
Toronto ,iL;.iin (l.nnied him. .md he took I'ust the \leiro| ( luin h, tlicii the \-.\m 
Sireel, then .ii;.iiii the Metro|iolit,iii, .liter which he onceag.nn visited, taking the 
St. J.imes' Sireet Church, lor a second lerm. 'This concliiiled. we I'md him once more at 
the I'.hii Street ( hiinh. I'oroiUo. These c h.n^es .ire noteworthy, sliowinj;. as the\ do. 
In llie le-pon-ililc posilions the siilijecl ol ihis skiteh siiceessiveK Tilled, m how hii^h ,in 
I'stim.ition lu «.is .iiul Is held liy the liodv lo whic h he liclongs. since his t«ent\ 
eij;hlh, I Ir. I'otts has lieeii called to uiidert.ike the <liilii's .ippertaininn to some oT the 
most and important centres oT Methodism ill the I >omii)ioii. Nor is it in the 
p.istorate .ilone that I )r. I'otts has shone. In 
1.SS7, he I'resideiit oT the Methodi-t ( 'on 
lereiu e. .mil he now holds the ( Seen- 
t.irv^hip ol the Societ\ ol llu 
( hiircli. 1 le Is ,1 meinlier ol llu' 
Siimlav School ( 'ommittee, ol the Ito.ird .ind Senate ol \iitoria ( 'ollege. anil also ol 
the Moard of the Theological College. On the pl.itTorm, Dr. I'otts' Tervid 
eloi|iience attr.u ts kirge .niiliences and delights them. 

The Ri'\. Ileiirv \l. I'.irsoiis. It.l).. I'.istor 01 kno\ ( linn h. liorn in 
1.S2S ,it H.idil.iiil. ( oimectK lit. I . .■>.. when- I'lM Tilt\ u.irs his lather (tlu- Ki \ , 
Is.i.ii- I'.irsoiis) T.istor ol' the 1 ^t ( ' ( 'hiin h. He receued his pre 
liminars ediic.ilion .it W illlstoii Semmarv. ll.miplon. .M.t^,.. .mil ihereal'ter 
proieeded to \ .lie College, New H.iveii. Conn., where he gr.uliiated in iS4.'<. .Viler 
teaching for some years, he entered the ( 'onnecticiit Theological Institute. \-,.\-\ 

\\ ilul-or. lo Like .1 1 oiirsc in 1 11 Mil it \. .ind 
then .iciepled the p.isior.ite of the 1 s| 
( ' ('liiirc 1 .it Springlield. 
_ M.iss. He'^e ')|, I'.irsoiis l.ilioiircd for 

siMccii u-.Us. .liter which we I'i'icl hiiii in 
c li.irge siiccessi\el\ of the L'liion ('hiinli. 

.mil ()li\el Chtireh, lloston, and of tin- ( 'luin h. Kiiff.ilo. 
N. \. W hile 111 c li.ngi ol the latter, he tec ii\ed. in 1 S.So, a c.ill to the p.istoralc 
ol Knci\ ('lunch. Toronto, which had liecome \, owing to the l.iini nied dealh, 
111 the preceding of till' Ke\ . I Ir. Topp, This 1 .ill 1 Ir. I'.irsoiis .11 c epucl. .mil 
has siiue lalionred laitlifiillv in this old historic I'resliyteri. in charge. I'nder Ins 
alik- ministrations Knov ( 'luinh grown rapiilK in wialth and memlurship. Dr. 
I'.irsoiis rec eiMil his honor.iry degree of D.D. in iS.S.H from Knox ( 'ollege. Toronto. 
I he reverend gentleiii.iii is a devoted and learned llilile stiideiil, and is an etilluisi 
.istic worker at the l!elie\ers' Meeting lor liilile SliiiK held .iimii.ilK .il 
lie .ilso t.ikes .1 keen iiiteresi m iii.iiu of the religions movemenls of the d.i\. and 
111 llu pill pi I .mil on the form is. in iiistriic lue .is » ell , is a fervent .md iiiiprcssi\i' 

'The Re\. D.iniel j. lines M.ic cloniull. M..\.. il.D.. I'.islor o' Si. Amhiu's 
(I'resl-ueri.m) Cluin h, was horn .it liathiirst. New llnmsHic k, in 1X4). He is the 
son of the Lite Rev. ( leorge M.iciloniiell. some lime minister of St. l.nke's (Kirk of 
Sccitland). Il.iiluirst, lull later of I'ergiis .ind Milton, ( )iit. The siiliicit of this 
sketch educated ,it ll.ilhmst. \.|i., .it ( l.dt. ( Int., and .it T'.dinluirgh, Scoiland. I le gi.idii.ited in .\rls at (,)iieen's College, 
Kin^'ston, taking ihere.ific 1 .1 course- .it the Di\imtyHall in that city, and linishing his sttidies for the ministrv at 
Cd. isgow, |-",i|inlinrgli .mil lierlm. In i.Hrifi. he ord.iined in the .Scolih l-'.st.ihlishnieiit liy tin- I'reshytery of I'.dnihiirgli, and. 
ri-tiiriiing to Cin.icla, was called lo St. .\ndrew's Cliiirc 11. I'eleilioroiigh. Tour years all rwards, he aicepteil the p.istorate of 
Si. NndrcHs Chtirch, Toronto, in which charge he has since l.ilioiireil with great zeal and dcMitioii, Here, his siieeess lis a 
pn her inc ited his cimgreg.ilion lo trecl the very handsimie edil'ii e which adorns King Street \\ est, ,ind which losl, ii> all, over 

l-.M II. M. T.VKSONs. D.D. 

Ki-\. D.J. M\c i.oNsKii. \l. A., It D. 

Tirr. nr.xoMixATioxs Axn their i'astoks. 

Rev. S. II. Kki i.o,:.i, D.I). 

.$100,000. His (iiCis as a invacluT aiv inu'iisr I'arrustru'ss, cmiiiK'i! willi i.;rual nurvoiis Inrci'. an impressive maiinLT, and a 

telling piiwer iif intirestinj^ liisaiidicncc. .Vnollicr injirciliinl in his |iii|)nlarily is his known liln'iah'sni in theolcjiy, tiimthcr witli 

a lihnil liul a<-iv|)lalilo way of saviiii; IV ;rli.ssly he thinks. Thi' avc-rend ncntli-inan 

was (iiH- of tho nidst cordial adviuaUs of INisliyltrian miicm in ('ai\ada, and ciintrihuti'd 

in no lilllr lUj^nr in iis c onsiiinnialion in 1.S75. .\lr. .Macdonncll lakes a large interest in 

the cilNs ch.uuiis ,ui(l (itlii'r picid wnrks. lie is .1 nieinlier of the Senate nf 'I'drnnln 

I'niversity. and, we lieli(\e, one nl the I'nistees iil (Jueen's ( 'dlleiie, Kinjistcin. 

The Re\. Saniiirl II. Kelliigg, l).|)., I'astor ul St. James' Si|nare I'reshvteri.m 

< hiin h. w.\s licirn in i.s ;i) .11 (Jiiinnne. Sussex ('(iiinty, l.ciiig Island, his lallier lieing then 

in the minislr. ol the I'reshvterian ( 'hiirih (if the L'niled States. I le graduated at the 

College 111 New |ei>ey, I'rini eton, in iSfii,anil three years later completed his di\initv 

coin^e .n the I'rincelon I'heologii jl Si'inm.nv, of which he ,dso tutor in mathematics. 

In iS(i.|, he «,is ord. lined liy the (lid Si hool I'resliUcry of Hudson, ,nid ,it the close ot M'.ir s.iiled lor Indi.i, to undertake mission.irv work in the North West provin<-es o' 

llindoslan. h'or ten years the revircnd gentleman de\oled himself to ev,ingelistic work 

first at l-nttehpur, and afterwards at .Ml.ih.iliail, when the de.ith of his wife, in 1S76, 

compelled him to return to .\merica for the education and care of his children. I'or a time 

he .icce|ited a charge at I'ittsliurgh, I'a., Inil in iSj.S was appointed successor to the late 

l\i\. I Ir. .\. .\. llodgc. a-- I'rofessor of Syslein.itic Theology in the Western Theological 

Seminary. .MIegh.iiu. In this important chair he l.ilioured for the next eight years, at 

the ■-anie time doing much in the w.i\ ol hler.iry work. In 1 ,S,S6. Dr. Kellogg .iccepted 

a call to the St. |,imes' Si|u.ire I'lesbyterian ( 'hiireh, Toronto, the pulpit of which had 

iieen rendered vacant hy the appointment of the Rev. Dr. John .\1. King to the Trincip.ilship of .\l,imtolu ( ollege. I'nder 

Dr. Kellogg's pastorate, the membership of the ehurih has almost doiiMed. Dr. Killogg has been an inilustrioiis, lifelong 

student and a learned contributor to tlx' literary magazines and re\iews. He is the author of a of the 

Hindu Language and Di.ilects. tlu' lext-1 k for the lndi,in ('i\il Service. .\ revised ,ind enl.irged edition of this work 

is shortly to be brought out in London, T'.ng., under the patronage of Her .Majesty's Council for India. Dr. Kellogg's other 

works are "'The Jews ; or I'redietion and l-'iilfilmeiu ; ' " The Light of .\sia and the Light of tile W'orlil," a lomparison of 

liuddhisin and Christianity; " T'rom Death to Kesiirrectioii,' ,1 scriptiir.d study of the iiiteriiKdi,ite state : and a critii al .md work on the Hook of Leviticus, mm passing through the press, to form one of the issues of "The L',xpo-.itor's liilile. " 

Thi' reverend gentlem.m. in 1H77. received the degree of D.D. Iroin I'rincetoii ( 'ollege. New jersey ; he is a member of the 

Sen. lie of Kno\ (ollege. loronlo. .mil of llie T'oicign Missions ( 'oinmittee of ihe ( .\ssenibly ; ,ilso ,111 ,issoci.ite of the 

\'ictori,i liisiituli'. or I'hilosophii .d Socielv of ( liril.iin; ,ind member of ilu' .\mericaii ( )rienlal Society. Ill i S.Sii. I Ir. 

Kellogg present as a member iif the ( 'ongress of i' ■lU.ilisIs. which met at Sloi kliolm, Swideli, under the 

presidency of King ( ) 1 1. 

The well known' Methodist divine, the Rev. Hugh Johnston, M..\., D.D., was born in the Township of Soiithwold, ()iit., 

in the vear 1S40. liefoie his eighteenth birthdav, he had obl,iincd a lirst class leaiher's certilicate, a license to teach, and a 

position ill the .\rkoii.i High School, in the ( 'ounlv of l.,imbton. He soon abandoned 
school leaching, howevn', for the ministrv. .iiid witli lliis object entered Victoria ('ollege, 
graduating in iSri4, ,iiid receiving ordin.ilion m the following ye,ir. His first ininislerial 
charge was in Toronto, his next at Montrcd, where he ,issisted the vener.ible I >r. 1 )oiiglas. 
T roll! thence lu' was sent to Windsor, reluming from th,il town to 'Toronto. .\t the end 
of three vears in this citv, he spent six in Hamilton, fust at the Centenary (hunli, then 
.11 the W'eslev, this latter undergoing notable ,irchitectnral improvements while under his 
p.isior.iic. In 1.S7S, Dr. lohiiston m iei|iiisition bv the St. Janus' Street ( 'liureli, 
Moiilrc.d. Reliirning to Tor<into m i.S.S,;. he took ih.irge fust of the Metropolitan 
( 'huri h, then of the ( ',irltoii Street ( 'liiin h. .ind siibsci|iuntlv of the new and handsome 
Trmilv Milhodist Church. Dr. Johnston's activitv has in.imfested itself 111 other spheres 
besides th, It of tlu' pnlpil. He h,is written ■nucli in (lenoinin,itional organs, and still often 
Kinlributes descriptions of travel, etc., to the secular press. His letters written when 
corresponileiil on ,111 expedition through llritish Columbia wi'l be remembered by many. 
He has .dso Iniveilid l,ir ,ind wide. 

Till- kite Rev. Dr. .Mex.inder Topp, for over twenty years Tastor ol Kiiox Cliiirch. 
Toidiuo, will long be remembered as a fiithfiil of Ihe M.isUr, m m-nistering in 
s.icied things to an lioily of the Tresbylerian Church m tlii.> city. He was 
born near the old historic town of T'.lgin, Morayshire, Scotl,ind, in 1S15, and was educated 
,11 the IJgin ,\eadeiiiy, and at King's College, .Mivrdien, winning at the latter a high 

schol.irslnp, which In- held lliroiighoiit his imdergraduale coursi'. In iXfii, he was licensed to preach, and ,it ooce called 

to a charge in Klgin, Ins ii,ilive town. Here he laliiiurcd till the era of the Disrii|.lion, when the reverend gentleman leeeded, 

Ki V. II loussi.iv, M,.\ . II I 

//// /'/ 

Ml\.\llu.\:> ASJj Jill lli /-./.■,/(//.',',, 

int. ij»«r t»fc» (/«■ ii>^i>. !• 

(i Lij^i nuiijl/t»5 tA |ji5 iliM'jl l;iWl)H*l|, (folil «!>■- ti«4»U'li |';;Ii.>l.iinii«, iari)iii;4 
'(( hiin n«:rf(1y l)i» wti<4« <ii«i|{»tg.aiu«( u> » lu-w <h</('l) in h^y ■ '1»»'i4<' '»< 

luKK'l (ill 1X5/, wtii-ii )m- f<-i((i/V4'() (</ I'Miiibii'^l) l/ja<'r|i« ilu (-■Mji.M. .,( (Ill' |<j;k 
• >iiU < tiwc li III lln- l.iiiu-i) Illy III l^ijl'', l»l r-'I'li i<-':«ivi/l a <:iH li'/iii Kiiun ' liiJI' li, 
<i'/iil';, (fun iiiiDlIf uivii'r lljr- 1 lidijjt i/l llir )<jv )>r K';l«ii liiiriis Mils )>( ')</|»p 
"|i<<'i, jivi !«' an<>t-'J Hi '( </r<«i(>i iii tin aiilniiiij <>t i>>5>t. )'/f imiil) </(i4- vrar!. Iw 
.';<ii<-ij Miili ;.i <a(in-»iiifMS aiiij ili-vitD 11 in ll»» im|i>/ri;jtii limiif^-. umil 't<-^i(li '/»■ i 
yk liiiii ;tiui wiUuilt.'W liilii IHMii tiw. siglil, I|U( IIM to^lli llli' hrjirls, ol lli» |Ki/{ik . il> 
> it viiw, laitiiful tliil tiKwJIy tHlilikU-r ik i)>i- (J/ ok In- w^rvw), iiiml !*-» |faV'/rs liuvi- l^tii 

,U lli-wfKlll) llVIIOIIIr'l Jllil l>fli;»i<i. |>r, 'I i/|<|< lllt'll r«j llu: Mil <)l O' l'»l<<r, I X7V- 

III"- Kin. Of l'^iw.iri) Hjii!' > In «j((, .1 iialivi' ol ll|i- ( oi<;i') <;l <\ivaii, Jirlaiul, 
' till' lamt '/I 111:- l/iilli ai llw- lailt ajei >y| sjt uai», Ills (lanrliU M'tiliiij< in iln- < 'i/uiilt 
I'l (jLrli!/fiiU((li, (;iil., in lKj4. Wlial iillU wlu/nling In- Ma> al;li- (i< •iti)jjii in lili» 
ifM I, III thi/wr i-arly yrani, via* »U|*|<li-ini-nl*-<J Uy 3 l;ri«l li-nn al (In- Nixnial Stiixil. 
1 ,n/>A'i, »lui wtiiih )u- lor a !>lu>rl tiiiu- aluiiM(A-l) (auj^il ami MuiliciJ. In 1K51, iiavin|< 
j';iiii-il ilw W i-bl<-)an Mi'tlu^iiiM ( .'hofWi, Uv i:»«iMm-iii tii Ills If u.<- lilt.- *iwk as jti/m/f )>fi':u ln-f 
';n till- .S». TliiMiua < ill uii. I'lvin ilii-ii" i- lu.' »i ni in (In- I li'«^<;li| ami I'l/n H'>\»:- < in «u», 
.i)(i-l wIikIi 111- u-i*-|Vi<l (ila onliiul*!/!!. J *i I h-waij .•< laJ*<>llf^ hav<- inli ()ii>-il mt-r ;i »(iji' 
aiiai>l llii Oijiiiiltum. ^^t- fiiiil liiiii, allii I1av111j4lx1.11 </r>iaiiM-ij, lirM al lni/iij»», Ijiin 
ae »u|K-iiiili-iiiit III </l tfir "M. Ainjfi-w s < ifi uii, llun Kii itw Oili-lli</»ii ' in uit. ami lasll) 
III Mi*iiif(-al. thrr^'irii in:* U-Kaii (« ull mnn lii» lu-aJili. ii.'i lit. Iif-*mi tat •mn 
(>< lli-'l l/j ri-lni')iii»li Ills i1i)lM-> I'/ i-»(al*1<- dim Ui r« iij«-raii ^fiit, lii*»i;vi-r, Iw n 
< '/nMiK-ni «-<) lii> tal<i>ui>, ltr>i ai St. jolm », Ou-ii al 4 °>illni|(MijiiiJ, iIu-m' Ix'inif |i/ll<>vic-it I/. 
I liar{(r-4 al liifmui ami liiiii-r-vill. itgi |/r l/i-vtaii i> aa wi-llkii««n t)ir<;jj|{)i tlii- iiillu 
• III!,- i.»l \iti liu-faiy /<-ji as iIiii<ukIi lliai 'i( In; |>aAii;ral. \t i-arly a* l)»- yi-a» ih'ny, In 
»a» (111 III) I/) llii I'ltili/iial rliail i>l llir ( lltisllntl liuiiniimi. a |ii«l lit lias M'jMIiiI) lillii' 
anil MllHilU al |iii. (<fi'i>»-iH limi-, Hi- tia» rvi lli 111 Im-fa;) ij»lt>, aiwl liat |;uI;I|!>!m '! . ' 
•in'\vAtyf,f lA i-MVui^an seat-, l>i.-!>iilfi> iHiiiarll uMiirilMlinK many fiiu' ^mfwa, 10 it" 
•A 'lur yniit^ iiiiiivf liii-miuri'. Hi.- lias alw) Ui-n thifxt'ii (tit nuns n»\»>n!>itnt ■' ■ 
ill li' all |>i»ilionD III llu- {fill i>l Ills ( liiiri li, anil in 1K7.J itas a|f|>'iiiiU'i| iMi-Kiili- I'l )li' 
itiiiiUi ' oiili-niiK' iluiin(( l)ii- iliM u»«ii/n •;( (In- iinic/ilanl |>ri<l/ti-|ii 'A I niijii Hi wj 
.(iy; a tin iiiUi ■/! llii- ' J.' unii'iiH al ( •*ii(c-fri«»- id iBlJi. »liii ti »ii-i III iyi'ivliHi, r.n|<laii'' 
III (III lliriiliiiii (lU'itJiiin lif lia» waiiiily a»lvijiaU-i| ( lyilriti- ('(.lirralii/n, ami lu-rii 

>LaUni ll Mjnililllil III li>' nil i"l>lt ;il tl.t lit M. til' ^i.illu lirt;'^ ..liii irli I iir liiJi;. 


■| III- K' 1 H'lii) '».•<;';.'.>' Il.ll.i .mi.r/ . im w m cji.n i)iMi>n>/'^;i.jjiii>-i 'il I '(Hdi'- 
.mil III! mall) lliirly yi-aHi Xnlur ■<) i\w < huri li '/I H'lly 1(11111) ami ilai>'Hal iiiy»ti-l '■ 

l'|/)»ii ( aiiaila *>A\ip ii. in 1 il l;i.. ►• 

na.^ Iji;in ill i li-Vi/ll^lllli 

I'.iijclaiul. Ill iKi J. ( ixniiiif at an c^rly ayf- In* aiiaiila. In- niaili 

I iDifiitii liih lii/iiu'. ami III lluf lirtl yi.-ar (iK.(o; i/f iln t-xinu-tui- 

'/l I t>|K'' < u^iu'la ( i/ll>i$r, Iwf Mas lit-ail l>i<) i>l dial iui* n 

li'lMlinl w |||<|^I. Hi- lllrli \H'l»"'W'i Lli l!ll)flal|i| am) lllli li il 
Si. JoIiii ^ < iilli-iti-, < aiiil/iiiljii , In/iii »liii)i In (jrailuad 1) id 
l>i.j;. anil llim y^•ar^ lali^r liji/k (iii> M.A, ilij;"'' AHu 
Vi.iiluaHii|f hi i-nli-ii-'l Hoi) (/iili-i», ami III |i${K. mii.<» iMiLiimil 
|frii-'>l. Ill itic kMiiu' )i'ur III rcluriliil Ui lori/iilo ami Ik- 
< < latMial iiia»U-( in 1.'|<|k'I < aiiailu I i^lti |1a . \'>n a •)iiaru-r 
•>f a K'liiur) iIk- rfvt-rrml Ki'iiili-iiiaii »ai> m}«-i)IiIm!i1 villi tlw 
( i/lli )(<, ami lui ov>-r liall a niiiurt li;i» Im kiiii«ii iKfiiiiKi ami 
Ut'ii i/m <>l II.1 ini»l Hi>rlli) ami lii>al v/ii-^ I Iiiiiu((Imii>i iIiik 
liiiijt IM'iiml III |ia.<- Id 111 an iiiliiiuti ami lii'iiiij^ Minlitil i/l lt^ 
tibial liiMi/f), ami III liiD 'I'litu--'- ' /(/ lia» galhi-riil a iMiii 
•>t llu- rn Ik'.iI ittiiu-fial rrluliiix lo il» civir Ijli- Tltf valm >>< 
lliin tti<i'k niiixl tmnau vtiili llu |>aMiii(i )i.'ark, ajul aj(i » \tt 
I unii alti-i Aill inaMin «iiii imria.Miip> ri«|jiil (Ik lalnjui >A \i> 
l'iviti)i< liiNli/iiaii 111 (Ik Si-iiiM riiliiiiilai Mi lii'irial Vijliiliii 
III Tori/iilii (i^V,,\). Ill Si aiMiiiji lla.^ iiiliamnl lii.s (iill lo (In 
> <ii/4ii» II) (In \atujlilr iiiiim/j<i.r|/li vtlin li a|i|« aiii in I'lHl wi/ik. 

• lilllliit Ml ll|itl>> III iIh I Kill till ..iji- III 'tnili li<i. I I ill. i> 

Ainii* t M»imililri l.uvtJ i< 

//// /// .nu/y.i//i).\\ .\,\ii nil II- ri:,iiiir, 


lli. )ll<'((|/</l.lll<(r, ./I li;t.<l]l./y )■,. -1-:. - I.,. >. iillj*-;!!.*!!! n.yr,> i >l -,.i..,r.^; ■,...- |,-,l,llsl.i<t J >1» .ll "/I •W^a-iJmg))' m«>'a-!>(lllg 

//^(W.///o, I liii rtv icli)i(i)(4 ii, liisl'rti'al aii<) l>i>;j(ia|4)i/ j! iiLi'iUs <</i)iii-i u<) vinli iIk- <»rl/ 'Hy. Mi- )ia» jlaiy l«-J.i) a <>))i!>Ulll 
<i/iiiiit>i)l'« lo 111'' /uiivi- )>«-(i»<'J)< j)» '/ii <'>j(«i;il' »ij(/j<-< u. l</i null) )i-ars l» lw» ijlut* :i wariii iiiii-n-sl ii) l)«' < j«ia<Jiai) 
liiMiltili , :)ii<j III ilii' \n'iiti~'i\\iV/,» '/I iIm- V"nk )')iMi>-i'):> '>i|/i:<lii/.ili";i), ';i l></tli s."^ I'iMs <*) wi)«li Ik- fus Ix-i-o I'o'Bl'ii III. kaul) 
!«» :. town III idi- N.w W i/il/J lu'l a iiior. i/i<)iji>llii;y» aiuj <<)ltiu»ia»(i' v>n lliali Toi'/MU^ lui* ill IIk' JKtcffsUdx }h»M»< fl^uri- 

<l\ \hl'\'l\ l)<llf) >Vi4»llllllK- 

J Ik Kjl-v. \ii: StiiWijftJ i«ui» ix^i) II) Wifiii <>Mi.<ty, Out., in ifS.vy- '''" ''"" 
■iiHJ .1 half )<iaf» Iw via» a I'-iwlHf ill l(i» nal)n <<miiI), aft/'f wIimI) Ii<- Ik' aijK a j/i'/ 
(«H</(iii loi ilir iiiiiiMr^ Hi l.i<<jk ^u•<i■^»lv•:l)' al VkUhw (.'iijvcfxly iIw <1<-X"''» •'• 
Ji A., M A, I.I.IJ . jikI l.r.Z* , ai»J »a» KKlaitmi in Klw MnH, 'I '/r<;iH/A iii iV>4 
All' r i;iiiii»l< rial wi«k in W<»t<ri> Oiitait'j, (/r S(aW'«il »J> miH f<;r llifi' )«»/» Ci; 
ill' ))c,ii)mn«i !yj(ja/<(l)ufr)i, MiMlfi^al. I'l'jiii lluo'i- In »i(ii \'i </ii.itt.i I'/i a liki- 
j*ii<><J. atiri ttliK li (»«' »a», l»y uiiaiimwMs *'yt' . f» j)I><) i<< M'/iiif«-»l, li/s iiiii)iMfaii/ii> 
.11 ' IIWMa Iciii^ ii>raiiviliik- vt z,\itn-v>&v\ lllal all Mt:n\\A »a!> llia'if ('< vt lilc Iiid n-liiM. 
I'/ llial ■ II). I lii!> U'ill|/ iiia'iiiiiMiliLi', iiiA lu-kt iii«vi »a» \ti M iiiii)|>' y.. llifiix' Kj lli' 
M«-i.''>|>'')iUii, ') i>ri(iii/>, a/«J ll«ti I'y Sld-i^wiiriH- hilrc'l l/r. hia/f'/Ki lias Iwii |;la< '-'i 
al l)u- li<a;il i;l iM-iy <))sifi< I m %\iv\\ Iw )w» lal)<jiifi-'i ki/iu- 1X77, ai><) \u>^ Ix'-ii '-li:< Ir'l 
('r'-suViii »( iKf) ' ';ii(ti.<-i»"P I'l will" li Im- lia> Ik-1</ii(4<-') In i*i<Vi. hi- mas'-U^ui) 
t'laU'fiial J k'U^faU- t<> lh«? t'«il>-',<l Ht^les M. K. ' ,'l>Mf'J), aiuJ was liij^ily <ijl«>i<iv<J '/ii 

Mm- al;ilily wiOi »lin Ji In- |»'r)'/iiiKii liia 
aiiiu<>iis> fin<l AiAunXt: 'iuiici He i» an 
ai'l'iil a«Jv'xaU<;( llii- t,'iii<rti<yl all M'iIm; 
•liM l<<ylii!j ill ' aii^fla, ail'i \ifi\r. («f)ia|*j 
111! jii'ist |»>;iiiiiii'iii |/ail III I'/iiiiulalliiK 
ailfj (»i1i' lilij< ill'- l/at)» 'I (,')il'/ii, 

l>r. riiiiiiia!), I'atAJti lA tllr Jai- 
Mri'<-1 l$a|/li>l < liijfi li, »3j l)i>f(i luai N.iHj. 1 
|<a&l'il '/I ill' lia|l<l^l ( liuK li III liial l'/«ii. 

>liliji<'6 »< •«• ')iM-< I'll I'l Dial III') Hi^ra/jijal'-'J al JJan r)<ir<i H i-M, ail') l/inaii 
\H'ui iiiii;i; III lil» :ji(U< Hill )'ar. iiis ^l^l ||J^l'/lall- wa» I'li- l.iij^liali iia)/li»l ( liui' li 
al NVaili, >y«iili WaU-s. ( i>imiig ii< ilu; t.'iiib'l Mau-s 111 i>i'i>S, lie Utnk 'l»af|4' iil 
iIm,- i HW )4a(/li.! ( iiu" li .<! I'lll.-livii, J'j. J iv.'ii l!i'-m> 111 l*«7(. In- w;'S ' allrii \)i 
lyiU' iffOu lU'^M iiti|ionam |iul];ilh ill I'triMiftlrfiUi, ami thti> lu (iMitiiiuvd I'l fill till 
lu aii'iU'ili')) l/r Caslli- III |J|»- Ja/vi* !Mi':tl |Ki»l'iial', 111 July, i>i>ii. J*r 'ni'>iiiaa' 
M-IIIM1I19 ll'-'jU'-lilJ) ajij>t-ar III llic Ira/liliji; ')'-ii'/ifiiii»IU)fial itruAns -jtui ttt% liiiltlixlicil 
«rlllll)4^ '/II rtiijtuma !Jjl/ji-» t» liavv luui cklvi 
-isi • II' ulali'li 

I 111 l<i V. ^\ illiaiii j'/liii Miiiil' I. I) li 
■ii j/i.Miil l'ai>l'ir '/( Cailiiiiii btrnl M'-llnxli' 
( liuri li, via» l></rii at )'liilli|»liiir)$. I'I'aiii' ' 
"I tjw\y, III iS.SS, Ml* |w^>lll^ 'iniKral'-'l •'; <'aiia<la i)i iK;il, Ir-iiii ( 'iiiiii) lyr'/m 
li'bii'j. .Ill') al (iiM x-ill") ill I ^i»<-r < Jiwla, Iml jijliix-'jii'illl) r.iii'/V") I'l ill' •.|*|>'' 
CcyMii"- I li'/Dj/li Imlii li-iiii III l.'la.'l'). Ill'* »'-r< )«';U') I'l '/wn lli' ir lU-w ni (i</iii ll,. 
^.<«/li < </\HiaiiUf». All«i ii"i\ilii« a )J'»xl |wli)l' v li'xil tjj J' alii/ii, (»i. Huill'l i' 
!»$/» unxn-Ai S'i'l'>fu ' 'ilUgt vtiDi a mw i»i tin- iiiiiiinry, ami jwroiK-'l it 'j/ufsf 111 < bi>»»< 
ami iiu ta|>li\M'> Allli'iiiiili |>i''»r.>iM ff'iiii "iiii|»t'-iiii(( 111* t'liivrroily iar«j-r, li< iia> i-vi • 
l«'-ii a ijiliit'iii !.iii'liiii. am) lia» lak' 11 ')l(ll'/llla^ I'/i »)»-' lal 'oiiim-x hi lil'iary aii' 
.V u-iililii Mil;^-' l^ I »' iin ti\' '111! •/( iliiin I'/ur y'■a^^ »t lii» iiiiiiisi' rial ' aii-'-i liav lit' ■ 
.>(<«iil 111 l//ii')';ii, Haiiiill'rt), Ottawa, all') I <»r'iiil«i. Hi-- l;li llin 11 liav- li'iii'Hii") Inn 
Willi mall) |l'l»lll'<lt^ 'H Irijsl ami n-nlMiliwIiillly •»'' lia» wrv-') 'iii all lIu iiii|k/|I. • -(t 
iI'M'/iijI "iiiiiiiiii>'''!>, Im-i.ii ( Imiitiiaii tM IliMiui, Si'T'-lary. aii') J'rtsuliiil '>! « ly mi. 
Ill liuiiUr. Ih'»i<1i-4 l>'-iiiK all a'll'' aii'l |><>|>ular |>r<'a< tu-r, i> a Mi'Mit; U-tii|«riaii<<' iiiai 
all') all 'aril' !>l a.ii I'arifw ailvi'aU i»l <wr) iii'/ial r'-Juriii Tlii fS'i'-ii') /' ml' man 
alwi a silajii' I) j11> k.' Ivjijal l<i)(lil:<. ail'l v^a^ kiii nl iIk' |/iil;lii I) In iif/I'M aj^aiii 
till |ia»iii^ III llii jiMiil.'- ^.^lall^ ISill. 

Ill' |<i4, jiiliii jjuiii/ii. MA., H.^<.l^ a iiaini 111 l.iiKlaiiii. will II 111 v|iim 111? tii;yl>ii<i'l ami riuivr') an l'.iij<li*li 
I'ilu' ati'iii ill iK;o. lu- 'aim- I'l < uiiniiia, »■/ viii|miiui) li) lii> itf'Aitrt. hIi<i is a wli'ilisali im f liaiil in I'lniiili/, am) yillt'l in 
tli'Kkvilk. M Ink 111 dial < 11). ill: wa^s iimIu"') I" siu')) I'H iIk' ininisli). am) wilii lliai iiul in mcw i>i<>k an Arts "iuim' in 
M'<iill ('(Ikji,'-, M'liitrt-al. aii'l a tli<'<il'i|{i<al "iiirix- in Kii'i> ( 'ilk't;''. I'lfiHtUj. Wink at M'<<ill, in iK'iO, lu- wm llu- ;iri/>f iitt 

Kr* tiu. », U.HitiMta. 


nil: HI \(i\ii\,i I i(h\:, iMi iiii ii< iw.ihks 

,1 |i'Miii >iri llir iiii.isiiiM III III!' VI il III II r II ilii rniiii 111 U.ili'. Imif y ;n'. I.ilir, lir vi.\ . iiril.iiin ■! Ii> llir I'ti l/ylii' ul 
r.rii' Imlli-, .iiiil sii. (. ■1^j^(•|^ liijil < li.irHcH in l/.n. I'n .i'iII.umI llilliullr. In 1H77. In- «.i. i li i i. ij liv tin I'frshyliti.iii < 
A '.iiiilily .1 'jrli"' I'l IJM (irsi l';iri l'ri''nliri.'ii ' nuii' il «liiili iiirt 111 ImIiiiIhii^'Ii in \ I «<■ -.imts'l'i, Mr 
I'liiiiiiii ,ii 1 1 jili'ii .1 I ill to III!' N'liillii rii < iiii;.Mi ^ ( liiiri li ul llii , 1 ii\, ul hIim li Im' i. till ilir i.irm.l .iiiij li.iril wuiliiiiv; 

|i. lui ll< Ij.c 1.1 I n I III llii- ' iiii^;ii-^.iiiii! I iiiuii, jiiil I'lr-inliiii ul tin 
li.tDiiiii Mini II A .sill i.iliiiii. \\ lijlr < DiiiH' li'l Willi itii- fiiriiiir li'iijy, Mr lliiiiuii 

.illi iiili-ij. ,1^ ,1 r|ili-n;i|r, ilir Jiiliilii- iif llir ( 'iin);riK:il| I IIIUII III l,Mi.'l.iiMl. nlin II mil 

III III sli-t 111 iXX^. i.ikiiii! .Ill .!■ Im- jiiitl linn III 

llli l<i\ I.iIImI |iii|ill I \|i ( .11111 I . <il|i 1.1 till III. Ill, III till luliillli. (I' I I 

I iiui 1 I-, .imll'i I I'll 111 It, 111 II 11 . I'l.iii.iii ' .iiliuln Miimli, ,1 nli^iimi , i.iil|ii, .1 ul llii 
i|i iii.iiiiii.iliuii III till .iiliiirli. Ill luiuiilii -I III II II . ( liiiul. I, .ilii.iti il .it till mill 
.11 M'lii 111 I limil.i-. .Slri'i't ,111(1 I JiiMijiiHiii .\m mil'. I In n 11 iills ;i iiwrliil iiinl liul'l. ;ili 
iiii|iiirl.iiii |i>iiiliiiii . .'iiiil Willi iIh si IiiiiiI ami |iii'sliy li-rv, ;iii<l il ■ (ilia'i.'iiil <>iiii<iiiii<liii;;\ ul 
l.ill ^;r.ll idil IriTH, (msriils a very allrailm- a|i|i< aram r. I In- ( Initi li ilali s lia< k iliuiil 
t»i iity yiars, ami was liiiill lor llir ai ■ >iiiiiiiiiil.iti'iii iif lliiisi' liviii)/ in tin ttr.lrni limit . 
Ill M M.iry'i. I'arinli. In iK;r,, h In i imi tin- iinlii ul a ,1 |i.if.ilr |iaii,li. v^itli tin- 
I'l \ I .itlii r Slira a . lit .1 |i.i',tur. I In pri Miit iin nniln iil, tin- \ iiv V.' \ . I )i .111 \|i ( .iiiii 
,? 'ink 1 li.ii(.;i- 111 M llrliii'. Ill lii.Si I In I iiii;'ii ;',iliiiii li.i . Mini In 1 11 .li .nlilv in 
' ii-.i .1111^, .iml III I'SHX. lliiuiicli till- .11 luitv III r.itlii I \|i f ,11111, tin- I .illli;' 1 .i|iai ilv ul llif 
' lull' Il u,iH ilulllilril. 

Tin I. ill I'rul ll.inirl .\iiliiir M< ( .ni/iir, 
l; A.. ".X rriini| ul Ml Ma.lir(ll,i|iti-,i, 
1(1 V. lull', I'.i |.-ru'i \!.,\ . ruiilu, w.ik Inun ul Si utiisli ii.irriil,i;^i in O.^'uu'li, 

I ,ir.\' r ( Ill tin Mil I ■''. 1 7 I Ir iiili n i| t li. 
t.'iuvi-rsily III I uruniu. |i.i) IIV liiitn nln .itii nliun lu iln iili|iii ul Minlal ami \ 
S< niii I , ami luiik ;' • <\'%\tt i,\ IJ.n In lui uf .\rls 111 iXiSi. Ilr ,iln» luuk Iln- lliri(lu(in al 
iiHirsi ,il till- ll,i|iiHi ( ,illi-(.'r. \\ innlsliK k, '(III. Iruiii iKyi) to iXKi In- w,ii |i,mli)r ul 
W'liilli', l!,i|ili .1 ( liiiri 11, ,iinl III tin l.illi i m .11 !■ It \\ hitli;, lui ■^lr.ll|llrll, wlnrr In- Inlil ,1 
[i.iHluriii iiiilil iKHfi I rum MMtdml. In A.i , i.illiil lu lln ■ li.iir ul lluiiiili-ln s m 
\||\l.i III ll.ill, luiuiiiu, .iinl uii llii ri i^'n.iliun u| tin \'^\. I Ir ( '., ,t|,' m \'M>,. I'lul 
Mi<>ii),;ur UMs a|i|iiiiiili'il rriin ipal .iml .iKu lilli'l tin 1 li,iir ul llnulu^;. \\ liili- Inililm;.! 
tin II .|iuiiHtlili' |iu-.iliuii ul In 111 ul llin ' ullr;(i-, illlnaltli tn,ii|r inru,i>K un In*, Mtalit\, 
.111(1 lailiiiif 1(1 rK'ivcf -ilriliylli In- '.mii^lil .idvni-, Iml ll|c ^11111 i in in 
(mf|(nik liiiii al New S'lirk. .iml lie 'IikI hi St. I.iik' ■. Ilusjiilal un tin- f^\\\ 'i\ .\|iijI 
iH()u. .il lln- cirly a(.'c ul luit. tlircc. 

III! Kii llniiii.i. \\i ,1 , J.fliry. .11 
, )iii ,iiit I'.i tur 111 111 rki l( •• Sliict MciIkmIi.i 

( liiiK li, Imrii (III lln Isliml of Si j ^^ i^,, ri,.,i I) A 'I. (.i.n.ui. Il A 
tin ,. \S isl Iniliiv. .iinl cilin ali (I ,il U oddliuii.c 

(.luvc .\(a<liiii'. . Ill \(irkHliir(. I'.rnilaiKl .'» lir .1 M» )c ii--. 1 uiir>.i ul 'vliidv lln ri . 
Iif ciilircrl difd nut iiiitiliiliun ., •.( Inil.isin and ruiiiiiicri lu u.iiri llir 1 11111(11111 iii 
m-(cssary lur Ir.n liiii)' In i.Hr,;,.ii ilir rii|iii >.l ul tin \' 1 \ \)\ ,\ii,iiii 
I iicili 'till- ' .iiiadi.iii ri'|iri lilt. ilr.i ill. il var tu tin- I'.iili-li ' uiili u in 1 1, In i.iiin 
till lu I'lilir tin mini Ir'. ul lln- MiIIkkIi il ( liiin li lui .1 tiiin In l.iliuiiri d 
III r.iri'i, and in 1H61. »ai Kirnid iniu lull 1 (iiim ( liuii .iml (ird.iini'd liv lln Kiv. 
Mr jun |ili Slinviii .il llranlluril Mr. I'Mi rs li.i . lalMiiind .il r.iri'., .il Mi llniiiiiif : 
111 lln r.aslirn TovMisliiin. (Iwiic;. it Kn lilnund St I iii ml (Iwni); K in;.; .Inn 
\.i|iaini I, Iiii Sin li, I uruiilo Own r; , l.tiiri 11 Mriit (tlin 1 iiiiii •.) , Siiiiliuiirin 
-.tri I t , llrani|il(iii , I'.luur Slni 1 Wisl i\\ii<n 1 .illi d I niiiU ), .nnl il (111 si nl iiiinlslrrii 
III III rki II y Siri'ct ( Iniri li lli altd l.ilniiind al I uliuiit^' and I'url IIu|h 
1 Mr jiffcry lias lln- lai iilty ul 1 umm.imltiiK l.irxi 1 uiiKn ^,iliiins (if mhrislid .nnl 

Y inti lli^'i III lii'.in rs Kliudilfir uidily in llnir lln (iIu^k d ( n rds lie sin 1 1 1'(|( il 

inli.uin^ Ills ( liiiri II .i|i|iiiiiiliiii nl% iiiiiiiirK .dly, linain i.ilh, nid s|iiiiiii.illy Inllrr 
' llian III' luiiiid llniii Ills .nldriss is iiri^ .'iml ilrikiti;/, uflcii i. it pui tn il and 

mit inlii'i|ii('iilly i'|(|i|iii lit. Ih' |iri jiircs lliuruiiKlily, liiit as .m 1 >ti iii|iiiii pi.ikii 
iH (-.-my, Kr:i< rdil iiiiil km|>Ii>' 

Krv. Jdliii Kills LiiiKlcy, I'aslur dl the .S'i'W Kldmidiid .Milliddisl f liiiri li, 
,Mi ' .ml Stri'i't, was liurii al lliiki nln .nl, ( In slnrc, {.riulaml, January lolli, |K.|H. f lis fallirr was a loi al |iria( licr ul vi^inir dl iiiiiid, .nnl lln sdii srim, lu li.m iiiln iiti d tin im nt.d •ircriKili ul tins nnut ( <( iii|ilary ( lirislian in. in I lir 

kn T W Inn i.». 

//// /'/ \ii\i/\ I / /i)\\ i\/i nil ih' r.wiitK 


I I- r.Asi 1 1 Kv. 

(.iiii)l><, ■ li; ( .iii.iil.i III l«s'i "I'l .illliiliii ( ',1(1.111^;. will 11- yoiiiiii 1,1111 ill y .iv.iiliil liiiii .■ II ol lln .nlv.iiilJKi-. 'il \ H liiri;i 

I 'iiivcrsily .fikI l.iiil tin foiiiiil.ilinii . i.f ;i i I.ism<,iI .iimI lijit.ity rijili iili'iii. l.riiviliK roHi'^i-, In I" mi .i li w V';irs in r.iilw.iy .iliil 

li.ilikiii^' Hork III i«7',. Ill- 1 nil 11 i| llii \|i iliorli-,! iniiii'.li), jihI mtvuI.iI Aiinir.i, ' li.iil i. I iiiinl.i s ' .m l|ili iinl l.'iiiitni., 

nil III 1X7X 111' «,i, iiiiiliil III iiiiiTi.i^'i I'l Miis \mi\i- \\,iri|, i(( N'i.i>.'.it.i ImIIi, hImh In 

«;i, riiil I'l \i.ii.',ii.i ( iiiidriiiir III iCKH. .il llii rti|iii-.l oj tin (_)ii;irli rl', Ollii 

I't'Liftl oi 1^ 11 liiiiiiiiil f liiiD li. Ill' W.I-. 11 iiiovril to I i(iiiiili) ' iiiifi fi Ml 1-. :iiiil .I'.'.iiiiii i| III . 1 

|iM 1 Hi 1 li.iii.'! Ml I ..nil clcy w,r, .\ iiii lulu t nl iln ( n in iil ( mili n 111 ■ nl 1 X.^ir,, .iiid 

mil 'il iIh' >(iiiii^ir .t .■iiiiii'.lif'. :i|>|i'iiiili'i| In .illrinl lli.ii vimi.ililr imiri, I |i « n |i| . tin 

|ii 11 111 .1 ii'.uly wtilir, itid IS \>\\ |iii|){|!;ir .is .1 In liin f 

I In- Hiv. W rii;itii M, ill. ill 11. I)|l. I'riili i.l -.', .Ii iii.ilii I In nln^.". mi Kiih-, 

( illli V'l . M'lS 111 It 11 111 Si (llii .1 1 jilfi llt.l^'r III till I liVVII .lil|l 111 I ,ir I till 1 1)1 1. ( Olllll\ f .If ll-lifll, 

I X .!>'.. ill' w.r, nliH .111 i| .It 1 1 11 ( Si Iniul, (, .unl .ii Id. 1 1 it nut d ,\< ;Mliiiiy, 
iMil liiiik III, tliriiln^Mi .ll 1 mil ,1 .It Ktl'X ( ((111 ;^i', ,it|i'li(|||i^' i|;)s,i', ,il',ii ,il liili.tiln 
' Ml'.. 1 II', III iHvi, I'ti'f \l 11 l.inii w.iH (/KJ.iiiiiil ;i iiiiiiiHlrr ul llic l'rriliyliii;iii ' Iimk Ii 
1/1 ( .iii.iil.i. :ii|(| runi ii'lllcd .it ,\iiilicts)l)iir;i riiircidi r, liif :i while. In- liiidi ilimk .1 
1 li;iri<(' .11 llo'iloti, VIjisi, Imt ■.linrlh iilitriiid In ' ;iii;id;i, win t( Ik ;i((i'|iIi(I .1 iill in 
iIm Jdliti Sircrl ( ■|iiir( II, liclliMllc. iinl in i>'.7', n iiinvi i| In fltt.i.^.i n, imd. ii.iki iln 
|i.ittnriili' (if Kiin« ( liiiri h, iti lli;i|iii\ In 1K7.?. In- lni .iim |i 1 liiri r nii \(in|ii^'ilii . 
Ill llii I'll livlriMM ( nlli),.!',, .iiid in tin InllnwitiK \i-,\x llic ( A','.'liilily 

nl 111. ' liiiri II J|i|i(iliili'd liltii In llii' (li.iir nl Sy> 

l.iii.iln Till (iln;.'y in Kllnx ( nlli'Ki', I ninMln. « li|i I. 

Iinlllnli In .till ^il,|y |il|.,. In |XC,(, (.tltcctl's 

' nil. ;'• . h. iM;.'ilnM. 1 nnlitnd nti liini tin di'ttrcc 

.,1 III) I 1,1 .nli'i'M yi'.ii . In \l.i. l.inM hi . Ill . M ' i.iu. Ill I nl tin I nn i;ni \li.,inn 

( 'iMiiiiill.i 111 Iln r.iii;i(|.i l'11-.liyli il.iti ( liiin II, .iinl in \M\ «.i • . |. 1 li (I In llic lii(.'li 

nlln 1 nl Slnili I.iint nl I In ( ■cllir.ll .\ssilltlil; . 

111. K.'v. I l'liili|. liiiMniiliti, .MA., !).( 1... Kiiini nl St. J.nni . (Villi. i|i:il. ,il n 
( .Ml. Ill KrMil.'tili.irv .itiil Sitli Item nl St.'> ( '.illiiilr;)!. 'Inrnnln, i^.i ' Iniin in 
^f '^ ,& liiililin, nl .III iild lliiKii'iinl t.itiiily, .ind i;itiii' In ( ;iii,id;i in iX'm. 'I Ik ri v. ti ikI )<riilli 

■"^"^ " ^^t" iii.iii li.i . Ill |(| IK 1 c.sivch Iln fi 1 Inrii'. of Si 1 liniii:is', I l.iinillnii : SI. M,iiliirs, : 

^^^^ai ^^^^^^k .itid St. I.iiiii . r.illii', Intniiln. In tin l.ittir »liii|, In .i{i|.niiil. il in \Mi.. 

^^^^f ^^^^^^^^^^ 1 . hill »illi niiK II 1 ill liini 

^^^K ^^^^^^^^^^^ 'II' l.ilinni. .Hid dniii); 

W/^^m^^^^^^^^^^^r '"' '" ''^7t. ''' Mi-"'Mi.i 

^^H^^^Hj^^PP*- In liiiMniilni III »liiili 1 ill'' 

'^^^If^^^^ 111 tni; tin II I'liinr nl .il. I linni.i-.', Il.'iiiiil 

Inn. In «.r 1 lin • 11 In tin- S\ nnd nl tin- ulinli 

,,..,, , , ' lint. Ii.i. 111. lit, I 111 .Mi'iilii.i. lull. 

I'l ' I'l'i.t. \S M VI \.\v\ 1 1 11. ' 

linM.-M-t, (I. 'I Inn d Iln Infill .iltn 1 \\ In 11 111 

Ht. M.ittiM n. Mnnlii ,il. 111' '1. I. .1 .1 . r.«.iiiiiniiif; ( li,>|il.iin In Iti'.lniji ( In iili.iiii .iinl 

llcri', in til. Intniiln I Itm . >. , Ik- Iiii li;id ii'itinr.'iiy |it( f. ttintil in Iln- ( lint. Ii. 

lii'Mili'i liiHilliiiK III. d'tll. , nl llt^ nun III. lorn . Ii.itiji' ('.itinti ItiiMnitlin 1. ntn 

nl III. till |iiil|iil nr.ilni'.. Iinl |ii ill, i|i tin nni'l iiii|iii ..n.' .1. H.'ll :is iti'.ltii' iiM nl 

|iti .11 In I .. Ill 111.'li-,li I linn II III ( lli- y, ^|i|. tnli'llv .'i|iii|>|ii d Ini In. 

tMiil,., Inr 111' t, nnl nnl\ .1 Inn lint, 11 v <tiii|i lit ,in.| .1 li.iiin d tin oln^.Mii. I.iil |in. 

vs^c.i til. t-'ill ''I 111. inn. I .iiid n.ik. uIii.Ii r.'\t^.- llif I1.-..I lr:i(lilinn'« nl lli.- Old 

Worl'l |inl|iii III. >lsl. 1 |iii liii.'>i{iii .111.1 Ills iniititiir .'iint.Hl Mltd nllin llirilllii)^ 

(In tin |il.ii|iitin In is .iIh.ivs jii ;ii 11111,1111111, Inr lie I'l iiiv:iri.'ilily itili'iisliti^ ;is Hill 

IS insliiKln., ,111.1 llii .,iii<< 1, Inrlnii.ili ili.ii . nlisis tit.- hkI nl iln- 1. viti'iiil 

K' illl.' 

'III. \>.<\ In \^llll.lln Inin . It. Ill nl limit) (iil|l')(i' jlnl l'r.|ll".s..l 111 

Mill ill. . Ill III. it inslitiilintt, IS .1 1 ill. I nl .. H.'ll kn.iHii (.'. V,. I.nv.iltsl f.innl'. 

Ill I ni.iiitn, ,111.1 ',i'\. mil suit nf lit. I,il. Mr, Jiisti.i J. litis. Mi- li.itn 
OiinlHt I (ill, iHjS,:ind w;is 1 .lit. .il.-.l .il I |i|i(r ( ( '.illiK.', linn .il I tinil) 
( iillc((i-, wln-rc 111- »,is \\ . lliiiKl.iti S. Iinl;it I't... . . .|iti« |.i l',itKl;iii.|, In . lit. t. .1 ■>! 

jiilill's ('iillr({i-, C'littliiidK. , .il «IikIi In- 1, .1 . Iinlit ; In.ik Ills II, .\ dijir. i' in iK'ii 
(lii'ilil/. twciilit'lli wr.iitKlir;, ,iii.l In. M .\ m iHf.5. In iH^u'it, hi- WitH.-isHisliiitl t in |. illiiit; ( .t,iiniii,.i Si Imnl, Nnrkslnn, 
lull til 111.' fnllnwiiiK >•■" r.linn.'l l.i ( ninl,., ;iti.| Innk llnly Onlils III iH^.J, att'l nt.l.ini' (| |nii'M Iniir y. sirs l.y llic 
lllslnip nl l.itntiln In iKO), |tc WiiH ,'i|i(i.iiiilc.l I'l.ilcssnr nl .M.illiilititlli s in 'rilliily < 'nlli'«"' rnrnliln, .1 jinsl lie liiis held J.if 

I'i'V. ('ANns licM.nniH i.i 1, 


I 111 I AIK. IV'il , Al '.Kl 

I;. w , \l.,\ 

I'll nil ni \ii\ii\ t/fow i.\7> //////.• rwidKs. 

iKciilv M'vc-ji yi-:ir> In rHjr, Im ».,. iii.nli |i..,n ,,) Mm- < '.Hi ^m I'm/Ii i/i Inn. ■ i...i\.0. in l«Xi), lllc li'moriirv dryrci' of 
III I Id/Ill I nnil'.. .mpI iIh' iiUmoiI'. ycMr, i>n lln n iinin.iiii/ri nl .i i|ii,iili t ol .1 i<nhii\ 1 nnm 1 linn wjlli lln ( olli';!r, lie 
t\a-> ni.nii' I In: fi'> l|iH'lil <il ;iii 'I .xliln ~ . Itoin lln' ( i<t|iiii;iii'in nl I iiiiil', . in i> 1 >i).'iiiti>/n ol I In '. .iliii ul liii Inn;.' .iinl 
ilcVDliij -.irM' !■-> In ill'' ('iilli;;i- 

III. I<.i Alv'itii'ili lin>s, M.A., (hissi...l l'i.,li 1,1 in liinil\ ( ollii^i-, 
|..i'.iii., .111.1 I'lilili. () III I'liivi iMlv, «.ii li.iiii .il SiimI.i. Iii'Ii.i. wIhtc- Ins 
I..1I11 r In |.| .1 I ,i.M iniiii III . Ii;i|il.iin. \. in 1H17, In iK'i^, .ill.i miiimii;.' Iir. n. IhmiI 
..III. .iiiDM ;il SliiiH.lidiy, 111 iiiu till Ji ( i/llrnf, < jiiilirnlur, |-.iii;l.inil. "ilii.iinin^; .1 
l..niii|.iiiiiii V liiil;irslii|i, ;iiiil ;;iaiiii;ili'i| ill xWii), v.iVm^ \\\i. Iir.l |il;ii< in iIm .i.iii.I 
. 1.11, .il III. ( l.isMi .il I ri|)ii'< I'l III. IdIIdviiiij,' Ill- Willi sn oihI 1 I.m-. lliinln};!' .il 
Imiiniii-. ,itii| I 111- ( )II.-i I III mil-. |.M/. Ill iH7n. In- rt;ii nfihiiiii i| (li-;i< <iii l/v I In- l!i->ln.|i 
..I U 111. I.. I. I. .mil III iH;.'. |irii-sl, l/V llir .\|i lil)l-.l|i>|) nl ( ^inii il.iii\ In lln l.ilh-r 
'.I. II. In l.n/k ilnl'. .1- 1 lit. Ill- 111 |-;ni-rili.-iiii. Ki-nl, lull li-sl(iiii-i| il liiiniin l.i ( .iii.ii|;i, 
•aIiii. In li.iil I. . 1 n. i| III. .i|.|iiiiiiiiii. Ill III rr.ili-sviir nl ( l.i-.-.n , ..nil I'nl.ln OmLhiii 
llii I iiiuiiiUnI Itiiiily ( "III Xi'. I lii'i |in ilinn In In-M iinlil In Ijlin nli 'I ili-.illi III 
\|iiil. iKi;o. .Il lln i-;itly ;ij;r n( Inrtv Inili 11' ■•*■'■ .i m-ni nl Inn- 1 iilliiri-, 
M1U1. kiiKlly lii-.irl, .-iinl iI.-m iM-ilh iinpiilii »iliiiii ami uiiliniil lln- M.ilh nf rritiiiy. In 
lln- |iiil|iit, as will a-i in lln- |iinli ■>M)ri.-il 1 liaii, Im |ifi li ■ linn-. «i n- lliniij;lilliil. . .iitn -.1 
.iinl V linlarly. jlis M'tHalilily was ^trat. \nl nilly ».i- In .1 ii|ii ami n . niii|ili In il 
1 l.i'<^|i .il V linlar, .iinl a lirilllalil |ii|lil|i nralnr in lln- I aim lnii;.'ii. .il riiiuiMl) < nii 
\ni.iiniii, 111- Mai.iKna 1 li-HT ami -■|iriiililly «iilrr nl |-.ii^'li'.li Mi-ni. Ill^ lln-iii' -^ iiinMii^' 
III. 1. 111. 1 nr llii- li>ti-iu-r .il 1III1I-1 In l.nnilili 1 
.iinl .11 linn 'i In li-ar-.. I )i %|)lli- inim- lyiiiil^iii 
nl ^|ii-i I II ami all n< < a 11 1 ililrn lly nl 
in-r. tinm- ktirw liitn lull In ri -sjiri t anil Inv. 
Iiini I'inl. M.i l)ny>' liiih In I ntiily |., a- tral .in iI v4||| In- l.i^liii^' 

111. Kl I lli-rl)c-rl .SyiiininK, M..\.. l' nl I lismil-. , I imiU ( nil. j/. . Inmnln, 
«.!■. I.nin 111 lln (iiiiiity nl Sliffnik, l-Jujlaml, I )i-i i-inl,, i ../,||,. ihn., II. \s.i , . .|ii. a|. .1 
al ,\lli. rl M. iiinrial ( nlli-i.;!-, lT.-iitiliii^'lnii. |-.iij;laml, .iml al I ritiil;, It.vrtiily, 111 llii 
'lly III- (iradii.ili-'l al lln- lalli-r iii-,lilijlinii in iHXi:. miji lli^l 1 l.n-. lln-nlnni'al liniiniii , 
K.-is |iti/i' i->siyi»l III i>'.Xi.iml iXHi;. .-mil wrnir lln |.ii/. . ininii |.ii lln- lalli-i -....i 
.\lli-f v;r.i'lii.iliii«. Mt. SMii'iinK was a|i|,niiili-'l |-i-||.,« nl I iiinl;, ami l.ii liin I in I tiMini-. 
On III. r. Iiii-tliclil nl I'inl, l<.i|). i. In l.ik'- tin- im iiinlii-ii' \ nl M, I Iniiii.!-, . I nt'iiii.- 
I'rnl. .S)iiinn'N his a|i|innii.'l liii ,ii"i>-,nr m iln l'inli-sMirslii|i 'il IlivnnI) ; In- was ..■ 
till- s,-iiili- linn .i|i)«.IIil<i| nl lln- I Uni-isily, linlli nl wlm 11 )i'iMll'ilis lii-sliP 

.' . . |it.ilil-. Iiliv Tin- n-vi f'-n<l ;i<-lilli-iiiaii 1. 
I l.i\<iillll. nl linlli ;;fa'lll.ilrs .iml lllnlrl 
/i.mIii.iIi ', .11 'I mill ^ 

III. K. K Ailliiii I.I.imI. \I .\ . I'M. 
1. ..Ill nl ( l.i-.n ■. I iiniK ( .,11.^..-. Innaiin, 
».r. Iiniii .it Simla. Imlia. Ill 1^52. Ill' u.i-, 

1-1 1 II' .iii-'l (larlly III (irriii.'iii). Inn tn.iinl) al Hn «...,• I 1 .i.imiii.n i. Iinnl, Si.illnnl hin , 

l.iii;l.-iml : alli-r wlm li In- wnti an n)x-ii s' li'ilarslii|i In M. I'lliti >> ( 'illi-j/i . < .nnliinlK' 

I. Ill iiii^ralm^ In I'llrtlnni.'-. ».ii i-li-i liil si linlar 111 tS7.> nnl lillnw ami lli-.iii'il 

I'. 1> iliniisr ill 1H7S. .\l I'. I. il ..11-. . In- Kta'lilaliil I! ,\ in 1^.7.), ami Innk Ins W .\ 

111 i'<77 (|-irsl ' I.IS-. ' I ii|in->. .-mil yt/-./i//H. .(.n.n/lntl liain . Il'it > im''-) 

III H.'i 1 niilaitn 'I il. a' nil in 1^;^ .nnl jirn A in \'A-fU.\i\ lln lii<lni|i nl ( lii-sli t. ami 

'Inimj! lln-v yiars was < iiiali' nl Si. Haiti. ili.u. I.nii|innl, ami Ini llin-i ji.ii- Inl 

Inwmji was < iirili- nf (iri-al Si .M,ir\'s, ( '.iiiiliiiiljii Itntii i«;iy in iKX.|. \>.>\ \li 

I I'lyl Ki'i I'll nf .Nntlnti, Snrrnlli, ami linin \'i\'i\\ In iHK.), \ n .11 nl llimslnn. 

Ill lln- lalli-f Mar In wi-iil mil In |,i|iaii .-is inissiniiarN Inr lln S I' (, lli t. In 

I'ink ii|i . ilin .ilinii il 'A>.ik .il nil. .il lln l.-.nliii;,' ii.iliM m Imnls in I nk \n. In 111;^ Inr 

nun- liini' I'tnli-ssnt nl Ilriinn .il"l l.iliii in lln t niii-rsily ili {i.iiliin lit ..I lln 

Li-inXiJikil. t|.- .ils'i lii'I'l valiniis nlliir |insls iimlir llic |a|iaiirs>' < .dm iiinn hI. nnl 

Iniiml"! a iialiM- > liiin li .il I nkyi. In 1 Si;o tin- n-vrri ml (.iriillriiian 1 aim- tn ( an 

I'l.i. liaMiiji 11' in "I till' .i|)|>niiit until 'il I't'ilrssnr of ( lassn s al TriiiiU I'triM-rsily. 

I 111- K'-v. Jnliti I'larsnti, KciinrnI Ilnl) rntilly < Imti li. is a ii.-ilm nl Notlitinli.itti, MiikI.iii'I, ami was iclii' ati-il al Si. 

.Vii^nislitii's ( nlliir, ( anil rlmry. ( .niiiiiiK In Nnva Si nlui. lii' was Inr llirLr uars 1 urate nl .SI. .M.irjiarit's ll.iy. Ill |H<;7. Iii' .i|i|inmli-il ; n nl Si Inlin s (alliclral, St. Jnlin s, .S'l wlniimll.iml Si-vni yr.irs l.ilir, Mr. I'l-atsnn In 1 inn siili '|i .111 nl 

I'l - III I'l.l I' I ^» Mi.M.-. M.A. 


I 1 -11 \ la..i 

nil: III \i>\ii\ \i ii>\-' / \'/' //////■ rr-/(>u\ 


I<1'.\. Ji/ii . I'l M'i'Jh, 

lli> ..,il„ .rl It. i|, III Ion, \i « KniiMHi. k. .iii<l line !.. ic in.Mli. 'I uriHI i.".;;. ■•i.m. 
I,, r.ripn.-l I., |i/i.,iii., Mm- In (,. . .mir .,^siM:inl rniiiiM't ;it tin- ( liiif li iil iIh lloU 
ItlllMS, lli.M llljrl.r III. 'IliilV "I 'I" "'^ '" -"•"I'll"*^ ..11.1 tl.i K.A, W. S. |l;,.lMIM 

^..|,^.•.|ll..llK I. II. J,. 11 .... ....Iiii^' I., iIm ...i.,i,Iii|.. Ill'- < liiifli "I III' ll-'K liinilyi 

.,11.- ..I III.' ..I.I.M l,|,iv./|...l -liiii. 1..^ IN il" "Ity, li.iviliu! Im.1i l.i.ill .iI.'.iiI 111'- >'.ir iH-l'. 

I,. .1 I... I'. Ill I^iikI.iii'I. *Ii" :.i.'>iiMii"ii''ly .I'll.:.!. 'I 

J ■.■,■,■, I. riiiit; lnwi.r.N il-i .i. 'i|.iii ..ii'l . ii.l..» 

III. Ill I ..iNi.rly 111. ■ ll'.lv I iiiiil> w<i. 

M.iiii 111 I.' IiirIiK 'iiii;.!.-, and <.l lli. .^Iniii. 

^^p ' Aiij;l'>'aili"li' 'M"' lii.l.i 111.- pf -" III .'^'iiii'l''' 

m^^ V I, . ti;r li.i«.'-vi r, .. iii'in- iii./(l<-r,-il<- nliial |ir. '..ill 

H' . •/liM.lialil Willi ill' K.-lltTiiJ vi.-w > ..I ( ..ll.iill.M- 

^h| %. ' ,\ii;i.ii':iliii.iii. I'll iii.iiiv >'ir. K.v, Mr. I'. ..i-^./i . 

^^■^^ ,>' iiiir.l III'- '.ii'-r..ii:, «Hi'- 'il ll.;ii'.r.-iry S.ri i.-i,-iry nl 

^^BM I .iiiiiiOi |||.i. rsjii :i;. ii'i'I 

^^^ j Tli.- K.v. .\rlliiii ll.iir. lial.lAiu. M .\ 

^^B ^ I I',, I,, I ,,| All .Saiiili, wa% Imiii '/ii ' linitiiiiii .l;.>. 

.^^^^^ J^^fi! i.',.|'.., Ill Iht fir I liri. k Ikiii" 'H'ti.l m I iir.jlil'i, 

7^1^^^^ ^^W |,„tt ilu ..III'.- '.I 111' Cjii,,.!.. ( .,i)i|):iny, ritual.- «ii llii- .V. I. ".iii. i '.I Kin;; ni'l I r.'l'-ri'l' 

^^Hp* ■ ' ||i>lalli.-r. Mi |..liii '^pr.-a.l lial<l»ili. tta^, an .111. I. ..I II,. II..11 K'.li'il I'.il'l"!!. 

" aii.l, .111 Lis iii.)ll..l^ ^l.l.-. (i.ii. lal Sliaw wa. lili Klaii.|l:illi.-r ll,.n. i. ii'l ;;. nil. man 

wan .(111. aid al ;.|)|>. r rana.l.i < .,11. j/.-, ami ad.rwai.K w.iii l».i v li..l..r>.lii|)s al liinil) 

Ciiiv.r-.ily. Siili'«'|iii-iiily 11. ».-iii i.< ()xl.;r.l. ami ili. f- .-iii. r.-'l (.ni.-.-ii ^ ( '.ll.^. . Imm 

wlii'li III- (;ra.liial.<l m !«').(. II' ll.'ii ""'I' I Or.l.-rs, li.iiiK .,«lain..l .l.a..ii. in \'<\V 

'"■■ A'-'""- " liMi.^'i'., M.A. ^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ II J :,ll„-,l,;,h. an.l ^. rv.-.l !«., y .,r> in,n li"l>. «li.i.- a m.-lii'ilial 

wiml... in ( III,,! < till.' Il 1. -.111..-. I" 111. iiiiiiiMlJ \'-' ' ■• "" ^ '■' ' ■•"'■"I-'- '" ■" ■ • !"■ ''- '" "■'"'•■ "" • '"■" >■ "' ^'^ ■""■"'•'-■' 

li-il-ull.. «li.n l»- r.inaim-.l l.nir mm,,, ^^l..•ll In l.".k II..- |.aM'.Ml . Iiar^.. .,1 All -,.iiil-. , I >miIi win. Il |.ari,.. In- lias 

Mil.,. l,.-.ii i.|.-nlili.<l. Il.-n- II.- iiiiniM.-i-. K. a lull - .iii'l a l|.,..ii-,liiiiK "miir.-^'ali'ni. In il.'- .|..ti.,n..l a lii,li',i. ..I 

|, „„„,.,. 1,1 iX;:-;. Mr I'.al.lwin i...n..l Hi- inaj'.iils ..I %'."^ I"'in ill'- laily, .i.,l mHIk i.-iil l..,ii, Hh- ' I'-iK), I'-r .l"ii'.n 

II. H a«i ..I 111. 1.- w II .-, an.l (liaimiaii .,1 lli. VSi.lnw, Orptian. ( oiiiniiil" . .,1 lli.- 1)i.,"-m 11' 

., alH., on 111..- |-;)»-..iliw ..I 111. II. .11 . "I lii'lu.l,-., Ill lliis.ily, wasinsuiiin. nial in liiill'liiiK lis f aM...! I'-.i W .inl. ami lia- lak. n 
a 'li-.-|i iiil.-r.-sl 111 llial ami ..iIl i 
I liaiil..-,. 

.' I,. I'. ... ( iLnl.-. r.'Uai.l 

I li.,iii ,.,11, M \ . I'.'-'I'.r .,1 ^1 

Mark ^Cli.ii.h. W. I I'linnn, I 

I|.,n. . .,111.-^ ..I I . 1.. I..i)alnl >!.,. k 

II'- was li'iin .Il KinKst.iii, 

li.r I'-lli. Mi-', Ills (atli.i iHiiii-' 

Ml lliij.'li ( . I li.ii.i-.i,ii, I'liin. rK 

M I' I' I., I I ...111. ii.i. . an.l |,iil,li-li. I 

.,1 111. f '/■/'ir ('(lllili/u llrlillil Ml 
I li..i,n.,ii s ^^raii.llalli. I '.n ili. ni.. 

I. -.l.l.- was \\ Kiiltan. wn.. 
laii.l.d at .\.l.,l|,li.istiiwn in i;-; 
allii ill.- K.-uiliili.iiiary War IIm 
Mil,).'. I oi lliis sk.'l. Il was . .III. ..1. .1 
l,\ piKal. liiiti'iii an.l all. ..I 
ill. I Pill r < anaila ( .ill.-j!.- ami 
I nil It \ I niM isil>. r. . . niiiK ili. .1.- 
(.■1. . .,1 M .\ In, in ill'- I.. II. I 111 iH!;; 

II. W.I . ..l.l.illl.'.l ., .1. .1. nil 111 |.St,ri 
ami 111. loll.,wiii)£ was .,r.l..iii. .1 
-I prii'st 111 III.' ( ,'iiia.liaii liran. li .,) 
llii- AiHiliian ( hiir. li. I'nr twi-iil; 
Mats. V.<\. Mr I li.iiii'.iiii was r.-i I'lr 
.It l.l'.ia. I Int. 111.,. .111.1 III. I.isl I. II 
v.ats I,. .11 .1. iiM-h rti^a^.-.l 111 
111.- iiitir.-sliiiK liil.l 1,1 M Maik ^ 
(larisli III \\. -'. tn l.,i..iin, "iami.h-, I;i -ii.t ■ * "i .m li ' 

////; />/:\(>.]//.\.i//(>\s .i\/> iiir.iK iwsroRs. 


KK\. \V. k. I'AKKI K, IXl). 

Ul \ . M \M \ 111 \-ON. 

I he l\<'\. W illi.iiii k. r.irkir. \1..\,. I ).l )., svlin li.i^ roTiill> ^^■^l^^■ll lii^ nl.illnll^ hiiIi lln I'lin.idw.a I'.ilnrii.n K- in 
llii-- cil>, t(i .idcpt .1 ch.irm 111 li.iiTH-. licirn in \\ (.■■-l ('iwilliinliiir\, Cduiin SiiiKor. in iS,;i, Ills l.illur mu- u\ 
tlu' stunU haiiil (il |iiiiiurrs ulm h.iM- diuu' mi iiuirli l.i ri'riaiin tlu' I'rnMnn' llic uilcU iiu-.,. Ilu- ■-iiliiril cif lhi\ 

-.kill li H,\s filiir.iti-il at X'icloria riii\irsii\. Co 
•• ' l"Hii\i;, wlu'iv Ik- i^iadiiati'il in i.S5,S. l-idiii lliis 

iii>tiliiti(in In-. liM' viars laliT. rni'iMd his M.A. 
(Kj;ni.'. ,111(1 In 1SS5 ilk (i(i;ii'- ol hiKim nl 
|)i\iiiily. In iS5(i. 1)|-. I'aikiT was ,111 iplnl ,1s 
a |)lllll.lll(ilHT \i\ \W Milhnillsl linilN, ,i|i(l Inllr 
M'ai> alkTHanU «as rniiM.'(l imo lujl iuiiiut- 
lidii and unlaiiU'd. Ik- Ilis lnm ^tali^lK•d 
>n('irssivily at Tcprontii, Monlu'.ij, Odilltnwn, 
Staiistcatl. linuitrord. St. ( alliarino, l.dnddii. 
WiKidstdck, Thniiild. ( 'li,ith.nn. Si. I' ,in(l 
until lati'ly lia> |Mslipr,il i li.irui- nl ilu' 
S|i,idiii.i .Vm'iuii- Milhodisl ( luin 11 (iinw tin- 
r.riiadw.n Talu-rnai k). He lias liccn 1 
nl many iinpDrtant districts of l)i> Cluircli. .iiid 
,1 nu-niluT nl' tln' (iiiicral ('(inlrruiuis luld in 
roriintn. .Mnntlial. Hainillnn and HrlliMlk! 
Ik' I- a iiKinlii-r nl llu- lin.ird ol KigiMlt> nl' 
X'lctnna L'iiivi-rMl\. and is in laMiiii nl iinivir 
-.ity lidcratinii. IK' is .1 I'mliiliiliniiisi, .ind 111 
IMililiis. ,1 l.ibiral. Dr. I'arkcr has travi'llcd 
widiU, ,iiid is ,1 111.111 nl l.iryi.' and iimad \ifHs, .111 ciiiiiRiilly prartiral and Inrrfl'iil pii-ai liur. and ,1 lii>M ,ind /iMlmis ad\nc ,ili- nl 
all iiinral rul'nniis. 

riu' KfV. M.iiiK liLiisnii. I'.istnr nlllii' (\' NKllindisi ('hiiirli, lilnm Sum. «.is limn n| T. i:. l.n\.ilisi paivnla'^i'. 
in I'rincf lahvard Cniintv. (Int.. In i,S.(j. II, • RcilM-d liis i.irly i-diicitinii at Ni«liiiij;li. .iiid lluii.ilur l.iu-hl Imiiscll. and 
iDuk duty as ,1 Incil piv.K luT. In i.Sn; he nnl.iiiK-d liy tlu- ll.iiiiillnn ( 'niiliiTiin- .iiid Innk paslnrati-s sun i-ssn,-l\ .11 
Haniiltnii. Sti-.nlnrd. St. I' and llianllnrd. In i,S,S5. Ik- 1h-..iiik- I'.istnr nl tin- M.llindisI Cluircli. ■Inrniitn. and 
ha.s alsn had cliarKi.- nllh^- lU-rkch-y Strci-t .Nk-thndist Church. .Mr. Hciisnn has travelled l.irncly thrniinliniit iIk- Dniiiinmn .mil 
in forci.nii i-ntiiitrics, and has a large repertory of popular lectures illustrative nl' his travels. His career liecii .111 
active and iisel'ul one and I'lill of earnest zeal. The reverend genlleinan is one ol llu- I )ircciors ol llic ( niiiislu I'.iik ( onip.nn, 
and for the jiast lour or live years has charge of the religions services in f.nouriie siiiniiicr resort. In i.Sd;, .\li. liciison 
in.irried lulia. ilangliter of liidge .\lcCrea. of .Mgnina ( 'n.. ( )iitano. 

IIk- Kev. smart S. Kates. li..\.. I'aslor of (he College Street llaplisi Cliiirch. was horn in Iowa, L'. S., In 1S51 anil 
rciiKivcd to 111 i.S(i4. Choosing the ministry as a profession. .Mr. li.itcs entered Woodstoi k College, and then- prepared 
^ ^ himself for m.iirii illation .it I'oronto Cm- 

y veisity. 1-rom this iiisiiuition lie 

{ i gr.idiiated in i.S;,S, taking honours in CI. is- 

sics and Mathcniatics. Ik- llien pro 
ceeded with his 1 oiirse .11 
Wnodslock. .mdat the li.iptist Thenlogii .il 
Seiiiiii.iry, Kncliester. .\'. \'., from which 
he gradii.iteil in fSSi. His first p.isioi-,iir at (lollies, County Oxford, within .1 
few miles of Ills old hniiK-, and here he 
l.iliniiied fnr live vc.irs. |-',.irlv 111 1 .S.Sd. 
.Mr. M.iles was linitedtn liecoine p.isloi 
nl the Cnllege Street li.iptist Church, In 
rniitn. This he aicepted, llioiigh the 
outlook was at the time rather iliscoiir.ig 
iiig. Soon, however, a hrighlerd.iv dawned, 
riiei-ongregatioii iiiircisid until 11 liei .iiii< 
lu-iessary to erect ,1 new home. Iliis 
was done, on tin- line site at the (-oriier of 
( ollege Street and r.ilmerston Avenue. 
,iiiil, two years ago. the Lirgeand iieaiitiliil 
edifice was opened lor puhlii worship. Under .Mr. Kales' pastorate the chinch ((intmiies to grow .iiid thrive, .ind the 
deiiomiii.ition has on ( 'olhge Street an .11 tive and lieneliceni lentre of ihiirih work. .Mr. Kales is a menilier of the Senate of 
M' M.isier I'nivcrsiiv. .md In- is .iKo ,m ,ictu,- worker n?i the l-'oreign .Mission Ito.ird. 

Kkv. S. S. Ilvii-s, H .\ 

Ki \ 1. I'.nw vni' Si viii;. 



KKV. Dli. IdllN I.AM.l KV. 

riu' Kc\'. |. I'. Sl;irr I-. iIh' |ii(m nl ^,l^ln|■ cj \.\\\\ Siicil Miiliculi-,! ( liiiirh. I \y \-, .1 ii.ilivr of N'()\a Srnli.i. liaviii^; ln'i'ii ('.iiii' Krcldii III iS,(i. Ill' v\,is i(lii( .iliii ,11 llir (illlll^ll^ ( Si IhhpI, .mil lii^ I'lrsl inliiitinM w;is lii ciiUT liu- 
|ir(lll'!>^illM 111 till' I.Jtt. ill Hllirll lir.inrll lU' Inl' ^ulllc lillU- pniM'l lltl'll lll^ ■.ludic-.. ( )n ;lllnillin;4 lll^ llLljuliu. llnwrM r. lu' rllh Itil 
llu' rdioiiln ( 'omIVti'IK r as a Mclliudist niinlslrr. Iiciiin slaliniicd al ScarlKiin', ami 
al l'iuili(iriiii);li. Iraviiij; ilic latlri |ilari'. Iir »a^ miu In ( Iraiv Cluirili, Wiiiiii 
pi'H. as an assmialr nl tin- lair I )r. S. I), kii r. I Un' Ml. Starr n-iiiaiiii'd Inr IHn 
vi'ars, al llir riid nl ulmli iuthhI lif iLiiislirnil In \irinn.i, 11. ( '.. .mil m \l,i\. 
iSijo, was iiralli'd In ( )Ml.irii> and assij;iHil In llu' «rll kiiiiwii .mil rliiin li 
llu' |iiil|iit III' wliicli 111' iinw alily lills. 

riu' Ki.-\. Caiinii I,aiij;try, M..\., II. |l., ki'iinr nl St. Liikis, is ,i Canaili.m 
li\ liirlli, tliimuli nl Irish tAlnirtimi. .Mu-r ivrciviiij; liis |)riliniiiiar\ iiliir.ilinii, and 
liavinn a dcsiri- tn iiiui ilu- niinislry, In.' Iirranu' a ^lllll^lll nl Iriniu ( nlli ,l;i'. I'nr 
nllln. and «a> llu- lir^l j;r.idil,iU' nl' iiistiliilinii adniilUil In lliil\ ( )nlirs. .Mli r 
Ills nnlin.ilinii In- |i.issril -.nnif nil a ir.ui'llini; inissinii in Wist Sum nr and 
l-'„isl Ciny. llu- niissinii -.Liiiiins Ik-Iiih apart .iiid llic inuntry aliniit .i 
wildiTiRss. \lr. 1 ,.iii^tr\ llini sitllid in ,i rli.irnf al ( 'nlliii)4wnnd, win iv lio ivniainrd 
till yr.irs. ttliiii 111' ivinnwil to Nnrk .Mills, tliun in St. rani's, N'nrkvilli', at llii.' tinu 
iinilcT tlir imniiilirnrv nl' the l.ilc l<t\. S.ilkrn (liviii-.. ( 11' riitiit wars Ik- InniHiI 
ihr liru p.irisli nl Si. I iikr'-.. nl u liiiii lu is iinw ivrlnr. ,1s will as niu- <\\ i1k- .ililisi 

llKiilnjii.ins ,iml lusl If. Ill nun in tin- ( liun li. 

llfsidi's his pastnnd wnrk, |)r. l..ini;lrv 

l.ikcn an i-iilluisi,istir inliivst in idiiraiinn, 

,ind has liirii iiistriinu-ntal in Innmlinu liishnp 

SliMi han SilinnI for girls, and tlu- Chiinli 

Srhiinl I'nr llnvs l.ithnl whiih illslillltinlls 

h,iM' ln'iii highly surix-ssliil. I Ir. I.angtry is ,i iinlcd rnntrnvirs.ilist and h,is Ih-cii 

mg.igi-il in ni.iny iinniinUrs in Ihr piililir pn-ss with thnsc ulin li,i\c allai kud tliu 

( 'luinh's diiitriiu' and disriplinr, nr «lin I.ikrn Issui- with llu; li'.irmd ili\iiu''s 

iiiKrpnt.ilinii ihcriul'. Ik' is.' w.irni ail\ni'atc nl' (hrislian Lnimi. .iiiil has lirniiglit llu 

iiKiltir I'lirwaril in tin- I'rovinrial Synnd with ahilitv and r.iria'st Inii'i.'. Hi is I'lnlmiiinr 

nl llu' l.iiwir llniisi' nl' till' I'rnviiiiial Syiinil, and lii'lil this pnsitinii sinii- i.Sdd. 

Till' Ri'V. .\. r. llnwsor, H.I ).. nl' tlii' jarvis Stvi'it riiitarian Cluinli. is a n,itiM' 

nl Ni'W llniiisHiik, h.iving luiiilinrn .it Sark\illi' m i.s.jS, ilu' si\ili i liild nl' .i I'ainilv nl' 

iHi'lvi'. Ills I'.ithir and innlht'r wiiv ri'spirti\i'lv nl' lainlish ,inil nl Srnli li iksri'iit. 

.\l llii' agi- of lU'ti'i'li 111' inliliiuni I'd lili' in a slnii' 

al .Mnnclnii, hut soon afterwards went to Hnstnii, 

lii'ing aiiiliilions tn nhtaili a iiluri' cninplili' cdii 

r,itinn. IKri' lir .ilti'iidid tin- Latin High 

Sriinnl. and in lS;; inalririilatid at Harvard 
I'liivi isiiv. .\t ll.nv.ird lu' Innk llu' di'gri'i' nl' li.ululnr nl .\rts. .mil ihn'i' yiars lati-r nl' liailu'lnr 111 DiMiiitv. Mr. Iinw si-r originally lu'lniigid in tlu' Mi'ihndlst Cluinli, 
lint whili' pursuing his suidics pivparatory to oiitiTiiig Harwird, In- luranii' inti'ivslrd in 
and rnially aiii'pli'd riiitari,inisin. In i.^Si hi' ordaini-d, and St. I oiiis. Mo., w,is 
the sccni' nl' his lirsi iiiiiiisU'ri,il lalmiirs. He llun spiiit two years in I'^.nisville, 
Indiana, as the lepieseiil.ilise nl' the .\inerir.iii I' .\ssni i.ilinii. In i S,S.(. .Mr. 
liinvser i.illed In the p.istniale nl the Third ( 'niigreg.itiniKil ( rnit.ui.m) ( luin li nl 
llingh.iiii. M.tss.. .Ill pnsilinn «liii h he held Inr lliree \i'.irs. I rnm llingh.un 
he was i.illed to rorniitn, where he look eli.nge' nl the lirst I nil,iri,iii i niigreg,ilinli, ,ind 
ill this pastniale he slill sneeesshillv l.ilioiirs. 

rile Ke\. William I'atlersnii is the I'astnr nl ( 'nnke's I' Cliiireh in 
this Illy. Ill- linrii in M.igliii.1, ( 'oiinly l)err\, Irel.ind, in 1S5.S, and in his twenly 
tliiiil emigraled In ( 'aiLiiki. He eiileieil Kilns ( 'nllege, hIu'IV he ileMited si\ 
\e.irs tn the study nl' .\ris and llieolngy, ri'eei\iiig his diplnin.i in i.S.Sfi. Huriiig his 
( 'ollege 1 nurse, he eiig.iged /ealoiislv in mission work. Iwn siiinnurs limliii!' him in the 

Tiirlle .Mountain Dislrietol' Manitolia, and three in the l,iiiilsa\ I'resliytery. .\ month alter he leieived his ( 'ollege diploma 
Mr. I .iltersoii was liiensed liy the rnr.inlo I'reslivtery, aiul within a week reeeived a unanimous eall Iroiii ('nnke's ( 'luiri h, 
rnrniiln, ami in iS.Sd was iiidiii led into that charge. Of the prosperitv nl' ( 'noke's ( 'luin h, under Mr. I'atlersnn's pastnrate. 
evideiiee is seen in llie I'.iel in llu vear i.S.Si) the .ininiinl raised liv the eoi reg,itinii was o\er $8,000 a sum nearly 
Iniir limes dial 1 nlinilniled when :lie reverend genllem.m lirst tnnk 1 h.irge nl' the ( liiireh. 

RlV. .\. r. HoUsKU. II. |i. 

Kl \ . \\ \1. r \ I 11 K^oN. 


Till: ni:.\OMI\.tll(K\S .IM> I III: I A' /'.•/.S/VVv'.S. 

Kl.\ . 1 I M'lUK llAICKi-. II. A. 

riu- Ki \. l.liiKiif ll,lI■|■l^. I!. A., I-. .1 I '.iM.uli.m \i\ liirlli .umI .1 j;r.iilii.ili- ul llic t mimimiv nl I nruiiiu. In ilu- vfjr lS7fi. In- 
Miciiediil l>i. Iliiid 111 ilu- p.isiiH.iu- III till- l'ii>.| llj|)iist Cliiircl) (il St. Thcunas, Out. Ilcri' lu' rnii.iiiird mhiu' nIn yen-, .iiid 
iliiiiiii; |irnnil In- lIu' ^.ili^l.ulinri nf •Mriiij; tin- iiiiim1h-i>1ii|i ot' llir 1 luin li imiri' lli.iii liililcil .uul in |Mi^>t-,si(m nf .1 lu-w 

.mil li.mclMiiiu- liiiililiiin. .Nil. ll.irn-< lluii Ull Si. riiciiii.i> to t.ikc rh:irm' of ilu- \'(irk\ illi' 
j l!.i|ilisl ( luin h, Inriiiilii. iiciw kniiwii .1^ the ISImir Sinil (11111111. Iliir iii^ |n-iiipil nl 

liuiii>lr\ lAUiuli'il (HIT iij;lil viMi>, » illiili uiurli iinu ilu riiiij^ni;,iliipii 1111 h.imiI 1111111 
_^ .iliolll MM m\ 111 niMilv li\r hiliiiliiil. Ill llu' >|iniiL; 111 i.S.Sij, ilir Uliiiir Slnrl p.i'.lDr.ili- 

w.i> HM^iuil .mil .Mr. ll.irris »:i> |il.iri'il in 1 liarj;c nl llic W.iliiur kn.iil li.i|>lisl ( luiri li, 
llu' pusiliiin lu' iinii|iii's Id (lay. Tlif W.ilnirr Kii.iil ll.ipli'.l ('liincli i>iis\i.'l ymiiij;. li.i\ 
Mi^ lircii iiiij.ini/iil In .1 1 ( ly ik» ilivlrirl as late a> (liinlKr. iSSij; Iml 
liiipi"~ .lie c iiUrl.Miird nf il> r.ipiil j;r.nMli. nl hIhiIi iiiilciil il has alriaih t;i\iii iviiliin 0. 
riu' Ki>. jnliii I-. (aim. III. \l..\.. Ill llu- r.irkil.ili Mrllinili^l Cliinrh, linrii 111 
llu'('nllMI\ n\ llr.llll, ( Int.. Ill iS).'. I li Is .1 .m.lilu.lU' III \ Il liin.l ( 'nllri;!-. ll.lMllj; l.lkill 
111-. I!..\, ili;;nr Ml i.Sd.). .mil ilim-, l.Uii ilic iK;^rn- nl \l,.\. \\ Ink- piiisiiiiit; 111-- 
('iillri;i' (i)iiisi-, .\lr. ( i(.Tiii.m rnUToil llir iiiiiii>lr\ .i-. ,1 pinli.iliniur. .mil in i.Sfid Has 
■iilniilli-il into full mniu-i linn willi ilu- .Miihmlisi limU. (In Ihihj; nnl.miiil. 1k' 
■'I ilinnal lor a tinu' at Napaiur, but, in 1X7(1, lie Iraiisliiiiil In ( ir.n i- ( 'liiinli. Win 
iiipfj;. .111(1 Ini Iniir yi'ars lalmiiivd in llial 1 li.ii;i:f. While in Winnipeg, lu- (-Kru-d 
( 'h.iii'iii.m nl llu- llisli'irl. wliirli .11 liiiir iiu liidrd .ill nl M.inilnli.i .mil llu Iiidi.iii 

Ini^Mnlls nil. ,1^ well ,1, llnllll 111. I .lk( W 111 

iiipiu. hiiiiiii; Ills rcsidcni (■ 111 llu- I'l.iiiic 

(ity, lie was a nicinlu-r nl llu- Si linnl lln.inl 

and Inr tlinv yi-.irs an iiispci tor nf tlu- pulilu 
SI linnls. Ill iSSo. .Ml. CiL-rnian n-tiirncil In Onl.irin. .md Inr a li-w \cars was st.i 
imiR-d ,11 I'll Inn. and .ilti-rw.irds ,it jir.iiiiptnn. W Ink- .11 Draniplnn lie was (-Ucu-d 

>irr(\ nl llu- rnlnllln ( 'nMr(-|-<.llr(-, .mil 111 I ,SS(i in.llli- 1 'resu kill 111 111, II 

linil>. Ill liiiu- III llu- l.iiu-r \( Ik- lalli-d in llu- rli,irj;c nl llu- luw I'.irkd.iK- 

( liiirrli. 111' whuli lu- Is ,11 pri-si-ni ilu- rcspi i ud p.i^inr. In ilu- I11-.1 sciisr ni 

llu- wnrd, Mr. ( K-riiLiii is a ripi-(-si-nl.ili\(- niinisU-r nf his (k-nnniin.iliiin, liavini; liicii 

r.ilk-il 111 I'lll llu- pnsiiinii 111 ('hairin,in nl' the Innr dislriels in ( Intarin I'iiliin. ! 

Itniinplnii. Ikirrie and Wliilln. It m.\\ he added Mr. Ciennan is llu- smi nl 

the l\ev. l'(-U-r (lernian. nl I'.r.inll'nrd. niu- nf the pimu-er ministers nl' the Mi-llin 

(list ( '111111 h. whn did sn mm h i-\i (Ill-Ill ser\ ue Inr llu- M.isu-r's 1 aiisi- in llu- e.irK 

days 111' the l'rii\ iiii 1 . 

I . K(\. .\. M. I'hilhps, 11.1).. is .1 Cm,, 

dian, the son of a L'nited |-aiipire l.n\,ilisl, 

am! was linrn in I'rinie I'.dw.ird ( 'ninity, ( )nl.. 

Ill i.S4(i. He began life as a sihool leailier. , 

siilisei|iientlv i-nterii'.g \'ii-|nria ('nllene, 

where lu- ,i;railiialeil il I liMiiiU in iS7,S, in 

whiili he was oiikiined. Ills work h.w liii-n spr(-.iil nw-r .1 wiik- .ir(-.i. 

iiiehidmn Snnihra. S.irni.i, (111 Springs, ('halliain. Si. Ci.ili. St.\'s, and ,11 

present roronlo. His ,iiti\it\ in v.irimis spheres has lueii in, irked. Hi- w,is llu- liist 

Se( retarv nf llu- Tlieologii al liiinii (nnw in .iriili.itinn with the .Vnierii.m Instimie nl 

.S.icred l.iter.ilUK-) Irniii wliuli h.i^ spriliii; the Cii/injiiiii Mfllu'di^l Qiiilit:ii\. iinik-r llu- 

iii.mai;(-rsliip nl .Mr. I'liillip^. In li-inperame wnrk .ilsn Mr. I'liillips i> m\|| kiinwii as 

hniiiminii I'.isi ( 'nuni illnr ,ind ,is lillinj; nlliei pnsU 111 I eiiipi r.iiu i- nrg,ini/.i 

11 111^. .\l the ( liielph ( niik-rem c. .Mr. I'hilhps ( 'h.iiiin.iii ^^i llu- Si. M.h\ s I lisirii I .md 

Sei\ nl the ( 'niilereiu (- Ikiard nl' l-'.\ainiiu-rs. He is ,il-,ii ( nlli re I A.iiiimer in llilirew 

.iiid Old ■|'est,uiiellt l-Aegesi^. Hispn-seiil p-istnial 1 li.irge is St. I '.111 Is, .\\ -luu- Knad. 

llu- Kev, Daniel .Mi T.ivish. .M..\.. D.Sr.. I',is|i,r nl the ('iiilral l'risliMen,iii 
( liiiii 11. W.IS linrn .11 ('.irklnii I'Lu e. ( )iil.. .\pril jjiid. 1.S5.S. He 1 dill .lied .11 llu- 
(i.ill ( nllegiate liisliliile. 111 \>^~~. lu- enured (Jiucii's I'liiversiU, kiiii;sinii. Iinin 
which he graduated .is 11. .\. 111 i.sSi, .M..\. in |S.S», ,mil .is D.Si. in i.S,S5. In i.S.Si. .Mr 

.M( Tavisli tnnk the iheiilngii al eniirse ill (Jiieeiis College and graihi.iled ill Divinity in iS,H4. In the \ear he h,is lueiised 

to preach, .md was called to the pastorate nl St. .Vndrew's ( luin h, Lindsay. j'oiir years alterw.inls. on the removal to 

lirilish ('ohimliia ol ihe Rev. Dr. .Maclend, .Mr. .M( Tavisli a((-eple(l the call ol' the inngregalinii nl llu- ( 'eiitral I'resliyterian 

( luiri 11. 'Toronto. .IS his successor. Here llu reverend geiitLiiian .i(-(-(-plalil\ riilfils the respmisilik- duties ol' the pastnrale. 

L'nder his nniiisir\ llu- ( liini h 1 oiitiniu-s to grow ,ind, within its splu-n-. In iiicreas(- its inllueiu e. 

Ul v Imis !•■. (IKUM vs. M..\. 

Kk\. .\. M. I'liii Mis, 1;. 11. 

/■///,' />/:\(n//.\.i//<>\.s .i.\/> iiii.iK /'./.s/v'/i'.v 


Ukv. C. M. Sanuv Kl 

Kn. |i. \|. I \\ i-M. \|. \,, I).: 

rilr Kiv. (i((JI;;r II. S,ili(l»rll. ^.l^t(lr ul' /hill ( 'llllli ll, Cnllrm- .\\ rllllf. WM>liiilll ill I .ll^;l.llli I III 1S50, I li' \v,ls ci llli ,iticl 
,\\ ( liHiiii ( '(illigf. iiiiil liMik ,1 llirnl(ij;iiMl fiiiirM' .It llii' l'.l^llll■,■ ( iilJcM,', 1.1111(1(111, (liirint; llic vimts 1S70 7,5. .\lur 1 (iiii|ililiii;; 
his -.IikIk ^ Idi- llu- llllIli^lr^, lie Imik ( h,n;m' iiC 1 iiii};i(j;.iliiiMs .it l|l^^vl(ll, I .iniildii. .iiid Sdiilliscj. ('(iiiiiiij> tip ( '.iii^hI.i hi i.SHi), 

lie u.l^ 1 .llliil til lllc |i.l^|(ilMlc (it /lull ('lllllill. 
— 7, riiniiitii, III idiiinclKiii «itli till' ( 'iiiij;iif;,ili( T^ ' 

liiiily. :iiiil li;iN sini'c l.iliiiiircd l.iitliriiily .mil >w 
I (.-.^liilh in this iiii|Hirl;iiil 1 ily cli irj;c. 

Ki'v. \V. C. W.ill.KT. I'.istiir 111 I'.liKir 
SiiiTl I'll ^li\ti ii.iM ( Iniii li. ' lidiii ill 1.S5S, 
.11 (l.ill. riic i\\ii( 11(1 uiiilk'iii.iii I-. Ill Sidlili 
li.iniit.ijjr. .\lli 1 liriiij; iiiidti- tlic tilt(i.ij;<' (if tin- 
l.itc I Ir. r.i»ic l(ii- ■.diiK M-,iis. liiTiitrifd Tdrdiitn 
rMiM'\. uliirc he iiiiitriciil.iti'd ill iH;.). 
r«d yr.ii> hitrr he j;rndiinlL-d and di-viili'd liiiii 
^(■H Id till' sliidv (if llu'dldny ;ii Kii(i\ ( 'dlli'Uf. 
Ill iS.S^ Mr. W.ill.Kc 1 (iiii|il<-icd hi> diMiiity 
(diiiM-, .Hill the Idlldwinj; \ nicivcd tile 
di i;r(C nl I'l.ll. lldlii Kllds ( 'dIK lic He «.!■■ 
iird.iiiuil 111) \l.i\ ,;i^l. iSS;, it ( K(iij;itd\vii. 
»luTc Ik- .i>^iiiiird hi'. Iil^t ii.i'.tdl.d ill.iri;L'. 
Ill .'^I'pti'iiiln.r, iSS.S, III) tin.' rdiiiiiitidn dl lllddr 
I Street l'iesliUeri:iil Cluircli. Tdrdiild. lie 
"* e;ille(l In Like eli,irj;e dl' tile ((iMiirei.Mlidii, ,iiul 

li.i^ >iiiei- lime lieeii |l;l^t(lr. Here he ll;i> .1 line lielil dl' U>eriillle.-^, dl whii h Mr. e i^ ^llle td t.ike ;ldv.llllai;e. 
The Ke\. I'liil. I ). .\l. Welldii, I'IlD.. |).1i.. nl M. M.i^lir 1 iii\er>ity, ^v:l^ liorii ;il .Vvlesl'ord, Niiv.i S(iiti;i. in lS;,i, and 
graduated in .\rts. in 1S55, at .\eadi.i ( Ullene, ll.dil.ix, N,>. Ili MiliM'i|iienlly •.tiidied tlie(>liij;v at N'ewtiin. Ma^-s., and alter 
heiii^; urd. lined w.l^ indiieted iiitu the |l.l^td|■.lle (il the ll.iiiti'.l ( ■|iureli. \\'ind^(ir. N. S. In thi.s charjie lie laboured for seventeen 
years. In iSy.ihe .i|i|idinle(l td the ( li.iir nl' |li\iiiil\ in the tlieiild.uieal ile|i,irtineiil of .\eadia ( 'dllei;e, and here he 
rcinailie-d lor seven \ears. In i.S.Si and i.S.Sj. In vi.iled (ienii.iny and divoled these \ears tii Siiiiitie studies at the I'liiv er-.ity 
of l.ei|isie, I'idiii which he rei(.'i\((l the decree ol Ddctor ol' l'liildsd|ihy. Ill i.SS^^lie was called to the chair of ( )rieiital 
Languages and ( )ld resi.iineiil liiter|irel.itidn in the tlieoldnical de|i.irtiiieiil nl \|i .Master L'niversitv. a position he imw tills. 
I )r. \\'( lion, ill iS.S^, reiii\cd Iniin his ii!iiiit iihitcr, .\cadia College, the honorary degree of Docidr of Divinitv. 

The Rev. Calvin (Idodspeed, .M..\. 

I '.I'., I'nifessdr dl .Xpcildgetii s and System 
,iti( I licdldgv. i'l McM.ister I'liiMTsilv, was 
liiirii ill 1S4.' ,it .N'.isliH.iai k. N.H.. and in 
i.Soii giaihiatiil in .\rls .it the I'niversilv 
111 New r.ruilswiik. for ,1 nine he t. infill 
in the llaptist Smiinary, I'ri'dericldii, N.l!.. 
■iiid .iflerwards studied thenldgy at Kegeiit's 
I'.irk Cdlleue, l.dlidiin. Ijig. In 1 Sd.S he j 
w,i- (ird. lined, .ind .liter devdling .1 tn ; 
iiiissionarv work, he acieplid the I'riiK I 

ship of the l-rcderictoii Seiiiinary and filled I 
the position for three years. He then pur 
sued a fuller theological course at Newton. • 
.M.iss., on the 1 oiiipletion of which he was 
i.dKii Id \\ (lodstdi k, ( )nl., as pastor of the 

llaptist ('hunh. In iSy.S he .iccepted the .'. 

Professorship of ('lunch History, etc., at tlie 

Woodstock liaptisl College, resigning this to Ki \. W. (,. W,m i .v k, M..\., B,I). 

study for ,1 year in (iertnatiy, after which he 
KiA. I'Kiir. 1). M. \Vn i.i\. I'li.D., li.D. filled the pastorate of the first llaptist Cluirc h, N'aniiouth, N.S. four years later, 

he eondiK ted for a time the tlenominalioiial newspaper of the Maritime Provinces, 
the A/tSse)ixfr aiiJ rin'/cr. ,iiid while serving the Chiirih in jdiirn.ihsm cdled to the cli.iir of Syslematie 'I'lieology 
and .Xjiologetics in .Mc.Master Hall, loronto. I )r. ( 'loodspeed took 1 he degree of .\I..\. in coinse Irdiii liis ,i/mii wrt/.'r, and 
received an hoiidr.irv M..\. and the degree nf I >(i( lur of Divinity from Acadia College, Nova Sidii.i. 

I'he Rev. John Mutch, .\l..\.. Pastor of Cli,ilniers' Preshyterian Church in this cily, born at Montrose, Scotland, 
December i6tli, 1852. Coming at , in early age to Canada, he was etlueated at Hamilton Collegiate Institute, from wliicli he 


THE y:\o.uj\A77oys A. \n tiif.ik pastors. 

passed to Toronto UiiivcrMly. Milisii|in.iuly t:ikiiij; a ll\colo|;i(al course at Kiiox Colk'Hr. Alter liciiif; ordained, lie was <alled 

to the pastorale of Clialniers' I'ri ..oyteriaii Cliurcli, I )imdas Street, where lie ministers ,realoiisly a?'d devotedly to a large 

congregation in the western fcction of the city. During the se\en \ears ol his pastorale, Chalmers' ( 'luirch has grown from a 

very small mission to an important and inlhiential congregalioii. Mr. .\liitch is deservedly 

popular in this fold of I'reshyterianisrn, and is untiring in his relief of the poor, in advancing 

temperance work, and generally in promoting the high interests of his calling in this part 

of the Lord's vineyard. He is a member of the Ivpial Rights' Association. 

Dovercoiirt Road liaptist ( 'luirch was founded in 1X71) as a mission of .\le\aiider 

Street t 'luirch of the same denomination. Ser\ices were held in an iinlinished house 

on I )overcourt Road until increase<l numbers compelled removal to ICssery Hall, corner 

of <,)iieen and I. isgar Streets. In iSSi the rear of the present church was built on the 

lot at the corner of Doverconrt Road and Argyle Street, whiih had been presenled to the 

congregation by Mr. 'I'honias l.aily. In iSSS the present edifice was built and opened lor 

public worslii|i. The 1 hurcli is of Romanesc|ue style, built of pressed red brick, with 

terra cotla and red stone trimmings. The exterior is jilaiii, chaste and well iiropoitioned. 

The interior has a light, airy and cosy appearance and the acoustii properties are perlect. 

Ihe church is seated for 800, but can coiufortalily hold \,ioo. (he cost was about 

$.;S,ooo. Rev. John Alexander, the present pastor, was born of Scot( h parents in the 

t ily of (Jiiebec in 1828. He studied theology in Knox College, from whic h he graduated 

in 1S5 I, and for several years filled pulpits in connection with the rnsbvtiri.ui Church. In 

iS6.2, a change in his views on baptism resulted in 
Ki\. Ions Men H, M..\. ,. . 1 1. 1 ■ ,., 1 ,1 

his severance Ironi the rresbyteriaii ( liurch. He 

ai cepted a <all to the first liaptist Church of lirantford, and in 18(15 removed to 

.Montreal to t.ike < h.irge of the First I'aptist Church of that city. He returned to 

lirantford in 1870 and removed to Hrockville in 1880 to work up a church which was 

in financial distress. In 1SS4 this congregation was so strengthened that he devoted him 

self to building up I loverconrt Church. During his six years' ministration there the 

membership has grown from 50 to 275, various branches of work have been developed, 

and the church placed on a sound footing. 

The Rev. .\lexander Sullicrland, D.D., an able divine of the Methodist body, and 

the powcrhil leader of what is known a- tie "Third I'arty" in Canadian politics, seekiiij; 

moral renovation in all matters of national admini^ 

tration, was born of Scottish parentage in the Town 

ship of Ciuelph, Ontario, Sept. T.^th, 1855. Like 

most siu<essfril ami self made men. Dr. Sulliir- 

land's early years were years of toil and ailversitv. 

dirough whiih he struggled nobly to educate him 

self for the ministry and the high positions in the 

Cliur< h to which he has since attained. After a 

brief course in X'ictoria College, Cobourg, he was 

received into full connection with the Conference of his Church and ordained. He then 

lilleil pastoral charges succissively in Niagara, 'I'horolil, Drummondville, Hamilton. I'or- 

niito .ind .Montreal; and in 1874 was elected (leiieral Secretary and Clerical I'reasuier of 

the Missionary Society of the Church. In this responsible position he has travelled o>- r 

the whole Dominion, superintending missionary work and stimul.iting Ihe /eal of his 

denomination, and at the same time doing much for the cuise of temperance and other 

moral reforms. He has been a mighty worker for union in the Conferences of his Church, 

in which he has held the highest positions, and repe.itedly been its delcgateil representative 

•ibroad. He is a man of immense energy and unllagging /eal, and done much to mould 

the thought and guide the work of his (,'liurch. In 1871^, \i(loria L'niversily conferred 

upon Dr. Sutherland the degree of Doctor in Divinity. 

The Rev. Ira Smith, I'astnr of lieverley Street liaptist Church, was I irri in the Township ol Saltlleit. ( )nt., June 71I1. iS((). 

Mr. Smith i-omes of siurdv lintish stoik, and inherits from both father and mother the memories of the War of 181 j, and from 

their forebears the memories of the Revolutionary War and of loyal service on the siile oflhet'rown. .Mr. Ira Siiiilh was 

educated at Wdoostoi k College, and at Toronto L'niversily, of which he is an tin lergraduate. Like his fuller, the Rev. 'Thos. 

Holland Smith, he studied for the ministrv of the liaptist denomination, and in 1877 was ordained ,ind inducied into the pastorate 

of the liaptist Church in Dundas. In 1880 he acce|)ted a pastorale in Itarrie, and two years later one in Waterlord ; and in 1885 

came to Toronto to lake the pastoral oversight of his (iresenl charge. His labours here have been instrumental in building up a 

large and still growing congregation, which erected, three years ago, a very comnuidiiius house of worship. Mr. Smith has held 

the Secretaryship of the Home Mission Hoard of the Baptist Convention of Ontario and (,)uebec since 1888, 


\y\. .\1FX. .ScillKKl AMI, ll.l). 

Kkv. Ira .Smiiii. 



KKV. I'KOI. A. II. \K\V\I\N. D.I) , I.I, I) 

riu' Ki'v. .\llj(.rl IKiirv Niwniaii, l).l)., I, I.. I)., I'rol'tssor of Histdiy in tlif .Arts (lL|);irlinfnl of Mc.MasUr University, 

was born in ICcigclklil {'oinily. .Soiilh Caroliiiii, in 1S5;!. lie uraihiakd IVoin .Mercer University, .Macon, ('ieor(;ia, in 1S71; 

and also I'roni the Rochester (SX.) Theologiial Seminary in i,S75 ; and stiidie<l Ilelirew, Chaldee, Syria<-, .\ral)ic and I'atristic 

(ireek in liie Southern liaplisl Theological Seminary, in 1S75-76. I'or nearly four years 

(1X77-81) Dr. Newman was Professor of ('iuMch History, in the Kochester 'l'lieo!oni<al 

Seminary, and then removed to Toronto to aciept a similar chair in llie liaptisl College 

here. Last year (1889), when the .Arts department of .Me.Master University was reorgan- 
ized, Dr. Newman hecanie Professor of History, which position the learned gentleman 

still holds. Professor Newman has led a life of literary toil and industry: he has translated 

and edited a number of theological works and been a contributor to the liajUist Quarterly 

ReviCiV, the E.xirmiiier, ,ind the \/ii};aziiie c/ C/iri.\li(i>i l.ilcralKre. .New ^■ork ; to Calhcart's 

Haptist ICncyclop;i;dia, Philadelphia , and to Jenkins' llaplist Doctrines. St. I.oiiis. Pro- 
fessor Newman is the translator (from the (ierman) and editor of I miner's •• Hermenentics 

of the New 'Testament " (.\ndover, 1877), and translator and editor of the " .\iiti-Maiii 

ch;ean 'Treatises," of St. .\iigiistin. for tin Nice and Post-Nicene T'athers, under the general 

editorshi|i of Dr. P. SchafI". 

Rev. Cicorge .M. .Milligan. I>..\., I'.islor of ( )ld St. .Xnilrew's Presbyterian Church, 

was born at Wick, < 'aithness-shire, Scotland, in 1S41, and came with his parents at an early 

age to Canada, where they made their home at 
Kingston, Ontario. Intending todevote himself 
to the work of the ministry, he entered (Queen's 
L'ni\ersity and at once took a high place in the 
('ollcge class list. In 18C12, he took his 1!..\. 

degree, graduating with honours. Six years afterwards he was ordained, and laboured 
for a year in the County of Middlesex. Here ho received a call to Detroit, and in a 
pastoral charge in that < iiy he remained for nearly seven years, meeting with a large 
measure of sik cess. In i,S76. Mr. .Milligan was invited liy the congregation known as 
Old St. .Xndrew's, Toronto, to fill the pul|)it of this hi toric church, and, accepting the 
call, he was at once inducted to the charge. 'The success of his work soon appeared 
in the erection, in 1878, of the line building at the corner of Jarvis and Carlton Streets, 
and in the gratifying extension of the church's membership. During the past twelve 
ye.irs. the church has continued to grow and has become a sphere of influential and 
usel'ul work. It has now a membership of over five hundred, with a large annual 
revenue. I'ntiring as well as able. Mr. Milligan is a forte in Presbyterianism, and is 
to be found serving every good and useful cause. He is President of the Mii.isterial 
.\ssociation of the city, and has taken an 
active interest in educational ,md leniper- 
ance work, as well as much labour on the 

lAcculive of the Foreign Mission Hoard of his Church, .\gainst the incorporation 

of the Jesuits and their endowment by the Stale, he entered a vigourous protest, 

and last year look a prominent part in platform discussion of the subject. I'or 

some years he was one of ll e ex.imincrs in the Departmental Intermediate I'.xami- 

nations at the T'.ilucation OI''ice : has been a Icciurer on ( 'hurch History at (,)ueen's 

College, Kingston ; and is a member of the Senate and an ixamilier in Knox Col- 
lege. .Mr. .Milligan has tra\elled widely ind read much, and is a graphic and 

instructive Icilurer. He has been ,1 coiisider.iblc iniitributor to the religious ,ind 

secular jiress. 

Tl-c R(\. Jol.ii M. ('.micron, P.istor of the new T'„ist Presbyteri.m Church, 

was liorii ill Sirathmorc, Perthshire, Scotland. He received his early education in 

''is n.'!'',< e country, V, here for a while he served in the Royal ICngineers and was 
ij^ed in Ordnanci' Survey work. He came to Canada in 1854, and after t,iking 

ii first class certiTicate at tlu' Normal S( liool. Toronto, he taught school for several 

years. He then took an .\rts course at Toronto Ciiiversity, ami studied for the 

ministry, first at the L'niteil Presbyterian Divinity Hall, under the late Rev. Dr. 

John Taylor, and subsei|ueiitly at Knox College. Tor a time .Mr. Cameron received 

lciii|)ting olTers to enter mercantile life, and, on one occasion, .liter taking active 

work oil the public platform in the advocacy of temperance, he was otTereil the nomination to a seat in Parliament. 'I'hcse inducc- 

iiieiils, though thev might naturally l.ave led him to wai\er in the choice of a calling, were rejected, and Mr. ( '.imeron proceeded with 

his mission work .it I'.ist I'oronlo. The mission in time grew into a chunh, and in the meantime Mr. Cameron was licensed to 

preacn liy the Presbytery ol I'oronto. In 1871, he received a call iVoiii the congregation of his present charge, and, accepting 

Kkv, (i. M. Mini. .AN, HA. 

Ui V, J. M. Camkkon. 


/'///•; /)f:\o\r/.\.ino\s lyp their r.tsroRS. 

TllK I.AIK, KK\. JclllS ll NNl.NC.-, D.D. 

it, was indiK lol Nov. J.inl iil'tlic saiiU' Soon, increased ac rimiiiKiil.Kion was iiLvdcd, and i?i the sprinj; iif iSSc) the 

|)ri'si'iil inninicidiiHis cluircli was erected. I'nder his pastoral care, the success of tlie l''.ast I'resbyteriaii Church has heeii 

remarkable, and I'reslntcrianisni in the citv has no incire /ealiius and devoted worker tliaii Mr. Cameron. The reverend j;entle- 

niai) I'llled lor sixteen years the position of Secretary to the I'pper Canada liihle 
Society, and has also been Mission Secretary of the i'rcsliyterian Church. 

.Xuion;; the rif;ures of well known clergymen of the city, once familiar to the 
citizens, was that of the Kev. Dr. John Jenniiins, for many years pastor of the Hay 
Street I'nited I'reshyterian Church. Thi.i e\ccllent minister has lon^ since gone to 
Ills rest, thouf;h his memory survives to-day in many breasts, and his laithful work 
ill the ministry has, we are sure, borne no small fruit. The Hay Street U. !'. Church, 
which was erected in 1,^48, has, in the march of improvements, also passed from 
the scene, and its connregation has become merged in other gatherings of the I'res- 
byteri.m ( 'Inirch. We are glad to preserve in these pages the likeness of an old and 
worthy pioneer in the Cliristian ministry in this city, who in his <lay was faithful to 
his sacred calling, and also took a warm interest in the cause of etlucation. Two 
of his sons worthily represent his name in Toronto. 

The Rev. Donald (1. Sutherland. D.D., 1.1,1!., Lite I'aslor of the Kim 
Street Methodist Church, is a native of Toronto, having been born in the <itv in 
iiS^i). I ii' is the son of t 'aplain l.niies Sutherland, a well-known owner of steam- 
boats on 1. , ike Ontario, who was killeil in the Desjanlins Canal accident in 1S57. 'I'he 
subject of this sketch was educated , it Il.imilton ColleLiiale Institute and at \'ictoria 
University, where he took in 1 (lurMthe 
degrees of 1!..\., .\!..\. and l!.D. lor a 
time Mr. Sutherland inclined to the pur 
suit of law as a profession, and w ith that 

view he studie<l in the oltiie of Jiiilge O'Reilly, Hamilton, took the law course at 
Toronto Univer'-ity, and obtained the degree of I.I,. I!. I le afterwards, however, 

took a theological i-ourse. entered the Methodist Church as a probationer, and in 

i.S(),S was ordained a minister b\ the late Rev. Dr. .Morley Tunshon. Ilisihief 

a|ipoinlments have been in King^loll. (iall, Simcoe, St. 'Thomas, London, and Tor 

onto. He !ias held positions in the Church as Chairman of District, Secretary of 

Conference. Confereiue and L'niversity ICxaniiner ; and from N'ictoria L'niversity has 

had the degree conferred upon him of Doctor of Divinity. The reverend gentleman 

has also been a member of three Confereiues. Dr. Sutherland has travelled con 

siderably in Ivastern countries, and has published in the denominational magazine 

interesting accounts of ihe-e excursions. 'I'he aciouiUs are graphic and entertaining. 
I'he (leneral Secretary of the Domestic and I'oreign Missionary Society of 

the Church of laigland In Canada, the Rev. C. H. Moekridge, D.D., .\ssistant 

.Minister in the Cluirc h of the Holy 'I'rinity, who is also editor of the Canadian 

Church Misiiiuiary Mni^azine, is a resident of 'Toronto, so that in a sense 'Toronto 

is now the headiiuarters of that Society. It was formed in i.S.S? by the Provincial 

Synod assembled in .Montreal, and has for its Hoard of .Management the Hishops 

of Ontario, (,)uebec and the Lower Provinces, together w'th two clergymen and two laymen from each Diocese of the Ij cle- 

siastical Province of Canada, with the (ieiieral Secretary and (leneral Treasurer, who are members ex officio. 

'The Church of St. .Stephen, the I'roto- .Martyr, on the icirner of College Street and Hellevue ,\venue, is one of tlu inkr- 

esting old landmarks of the city, where for many years it stood alone in fields that are now entirel\ built on and deiiselv iieopled. 

It was erected in 1X57, by a memiier of the well known I )eiiison family, and has been considered one of the prettiest specimens 

wc have in the city of ICarly ICnglish .irchitectire. The i hun h is now being enlarged to meet the iiK Teasing wants of the parish, 

lis rector is the Rev. .\. \. liriaighall, .\l,.\,, who has for over a (|uarter of a century failhfulh minislered to 'he congregation 

and been a true and loyal servant of the Church in this section of the Lord's vine>ard. ,Mr, Hroiigh.ill i^ l^x.uiniiing Chapl.iin 

to the Lord Hishop of the Diocese and an active member of the l'",xeculive Committee of the Diocesan Svnod. 

IU,v. IiH, (looiisri-.Ki). 






(11 nil. Col Kis. Tim I'ikm Chiki-- Ji'siu k and I'l ism': Jl l>i;i;s. KouMnxi: oh ihk Law Socikty. — Oscoodk Hai.i. 
AMI nil. CoriMs. I..\w Dkaws into It thk Drain of thk Col'NTKy.- -Hkjh Charaitkk and Indki-kndknck ok 


TWV, iinli(iii-liiiil(k-is III' till' I'rovinci', :U the laying of its fouiulatiun, made provision lor tliu administration of law, and, 
following liritish tradition, cnaclcd that in all matters of rontrovcrsy relative to property anti eivil rights in Upper 
Canada resort should be had to the I,aws of ICngland as the rule for the decision of the same. These early legislators, 
imhued with the spirit of the liritish Constitution, which they desired as freemen to follow as a model, then jiassed an 
Act to establish trial by jury; and in the second session of the First Parliament of Upper Canada (held at Newark [Niagara] in 
the summer of i 79_^), they abolished sla\ cry in the Province. Other measures of the time made provision for the erection of 
court-houses, jails, and such other publii buildings, with the necessary machinery, as were re(iuired in the various districts 
into which the Pnjviiice was then divided. Prior to the constituting of the Province, the government of any settlements there 
were in the West partook of the military i haracter which was introduced at the Conquest. If offences were committed, the 
military commandant went through regular forms of law, and tried, and sometimes himself e.\e( uted, those whom he deemed 
deserving of the death jienalty. 'I'he law pro( eedings were usually summary, and not infreiiuenlly irregular, the oflicer, as it 
more than once happened, being judge, gaoler, sheriff and executioner. .\t the founding of the Province, there seems to have 
been a Court in existence, designated the Court of Common Pleas, being part, no doubt, of the legal machinery of Lower 
Canada. This Court, however, was abolished in 1794, and was not reestablished in Upper Canada until 1849. What took its 
place was the (,'ourt of King's Hench. which was created by an .\ct of the Provincial Assembly (34 (ieo. III., ch. 2); and to 
preside over the Court a Chief Justice and two Puisne judges were appointed. Hy the same .\ct a Court of .\ppeal was estab- 
lished. The hrst Chief Justice of Upper Canada was the lion. Win. ( )sgoode, after whom Osgoode Hall is nameil, and his 
appointment dates from 171)2, though he seems to have served in the newly ((instituted Province for only a little over a year. 
The fust Puisne judges WTe the Hon. Wm. Dummer Powell and the Hon. John ICImslev, both of whom were appointed in 
1794, the latter sncceedinu to the Chief Justiceship two years later. Judge Powell did not reach the Chief Justiceship until 
iSiO. The Hon. John While, the first .Xtlorney (ieneral of Upper Canada, who, by the way, was killed In a duel, was 
appointed when the Puisne' judges received their patents from the Crown. I'he Law .Society was first established in 17(^7 by 
the .Vet 37 (ieo. III., ch. 1,5. which enabled the then legal practitioners in the Pro\ince to form themselves inio a siuiely and 
make rules for its government. In 1S22, this .\ct was in part repealed .md amended by 1 Ceo. 1\'.. 1 h. 5, by which it was 
ena( ted that "the treasurer and benchers of the Law So( iety, for the lime being, and iheir su( lessors, are declared to be a body 
corpor.ite and politic by ihe name of the Law Societv of Upper Canada." Under the by-laws and regulations of the Society, 
its affairs are goxerned by a lioard of IUtk h 
ers, of which there are at present thirty elective 
members (exclusive of c.v i'jffiiio members), 
consisting for the most part of gentlemen of 
high legal attainments and long standing in 
the profession. The lienchers sit in Con- 
vocation every term for the call of barristers, 
the admission of altorneys and xilicitors to 
practice, and of students to enter the Society, 
the fees paid by whom form part of its revenue. 
When, by the .\ct of i8j2, Ihe l,iw 
Society was formally incorporated, a site was 
sought in the city for Ihe Canadian "Inns of 
Court." In i,S2,S the present site of ( )sgoode 
H.ill purchased from Sir John lieverley 
Kobiiison, and the .Society proceedeil to the 
erection and occupancy of its new nuartcrs. 
As yet (1832), however, only the east wing 
was completeil, and not till 1S45 was the 
west wing erected, having a connecting hall 
or corridor between the two, with a large Kksh imk ok .Mk. IIknrv o'Hkikn, i^).C'., Siieruoukne SiKKgr, 


/■///•; /.;/; auA'/s .i.\/> the /.eh.u rh-i^/Ess/ox. 

surmoimliny tlome. Some twelve years later, tlie ( eiilral structure was remoilelled, ami in the idiirse (H a lew years the whole 
was completed, with a hamlsome/iiiv/i/c of cut stone. Of recent years, consideralile additions ha\e been made to the liiiildiiigs, 
includinj; a fine Convocation Hall and a series of new Court rooms. Within and Hithnul, ()sj;o(iile Hall is now, architecturally, 
an ornament to the ci'v. Here law has its chiel' home, .uid justice is doled out to the suitor in the various High Courts of the 
Province. These now consist ol' the Supreme ( 'oiirt of Judicature, composed ot tlu' Chief Justice of Ontario and three Justices 
of .\ppeal, and the High Court of Justice, of which tlure are three branches or divisions, having i oncurrent jurisdiction. The 
latter are known as the (Queen's liench and Connnon I'leas Divisions, each presided over liy a Chief Justice and two jmlges, 
and the Cham cry Division, presided over liy a Chancellor and three judges.' 

It mav he said of law, not only in the Province hut in the Dominion as a whole, that il has drawn into the |irofession 
more of tlie hrain and energies of the coiuUry than ha\e gone into any other pursuit or c.illing. h'rom this source, mainly, have 
tlu- I'arli.unents and Legislatures of the 
country drawn to a |ireponderaling extent. 
This is partly accounted for hy the ne< es 
sity for lawyers for ex|)ounding the Con- 
stitution, for drafting Hills, and for giving 
form and shape to the national and pro 
vincial legislation, .\nother reason may 
l)e found in the fact that the iircfession 
are generally good and ready speakers. 
Above all, they are usually practical men. 
not theori/ers, and know how to econo 
nu/e time ami e\pe<lite business. Com- 
monly, also, their reputation is high and 
their personal character unblemishe<l. 
This is most trui\ maintained when one 
speaks of the leading men who practice at 
the liar, and of those, especially, who sit 
on the liench. The high character and 
independence of the judiciary of Canad.i 
is the proud boast of the people. Doubt 
less, no liale of this is due to the f ii t 
that the judges are not dependent on the 
appointing power, nor is their retention in 
otiice subject to the will of the peopli-. 
'I'hey hold tluir positions during good 
behaviour, and can be riinovetl only li\ 
petition of both Houses of Parliament. 
Their tenure of olfice is thus assured, and 
in this respect the principle is al'ied to 
that in T'.ngland, but imlike that in \ogUL 
in many of the neighbouring Stales. .Most 
:)f them, in their day, have fought in the 
political arena, but of no one has it been 
saiil that he has carried Party with him to 
the liench. .Almost without exciption 
have the) been honourable men, and 
i>een spe( ially distinguished for their judi- 
cial .mil dis|)assionate character. High, 
particularly, has been the reputation, alike 
for honour .ind ability, of the Chief Justices 
and Ch.incellors of the L'pper Canada and 
Ontario liench. Their names shed lustre 
on a noble profession. Here is the roll 
of the later ones, who have been personally known to many of the < iti/eiis of to-il.iy : Kobinson, .\Iacaulay, .NM.ean, 
Richards, Draiier, Harrison, Moss, Cameron, and Hagarty, C/iief fusticfs : Hume Mlake, Spragge, N'ankoughnel, and liovd, 
Chtincdlor^. High, also, has been the repute and the juridical status of their brethren on tlu' liench who have not attained 
to the chief pri/.es of the judiciary. •There is hardly a name in the roll of the Provincial liem h that will fail to be remembered 
not only in the legal records, but in the general annals, of the coualry. The liar, also, has known many eminent men, whose 
gifts would do honour lo the l-iw in the .Motherland or imked to the highest professional circles of any (duntry. These pages 
preserve the reconi of a lew of them. 



Mk. ClIKlMOIMl K KolilNsiiS, 1,1. t'. 

or llidsc k-.iiiR(l in tia- law in ('aii:ul:i lIuTr is |ktIi.i|)s iki higher iiaini-, nr (im- mure wiirlliily liclil in rcNpul liy licncli 
:ui(l l!,ir aliki', than that (if Mr. ( 'hrisldpliir Robinson, (,).('. .Mr. Roliinson admittedly stands at the head of his profession in 
Ontario, 11, indee<l, we may not say at the head of liis profession in the Dominion. Mo inherits a name revered in the legal 
and administrative annals of the I'rovinee, and he possesses those rare personal and professional i|ualities which have made 
that and his own name revered. Horn in 'I'oronto in 1S28, Mr. Roliinson was educated 
at Upper Canaila College, and later on graduated at King's College (now r<ironto 
I'niversity). After graduating, he took up the study of law, and soon mastering its 
principles was m 1S50 calleil to the liar, thereafter iiroceeding to |iractice. His present 
legal firm is that of .Messrs. Roliinson, ( )'lirieii \- Ciihson. In 1SO5, .Mr. Roliinson 
was appointed (,)ueen's Counsel by the Covermnent of the old Province of Canada, 
thus early In his career winning preferment in the profession which his talents and 
high per.-.onal character adorn, l-'or a number of years, .Mr. Roliinson acted as chief 
reporter of the decisions of the < ourts for the Law Society, and has been an alniosl 
life-long bencher of our ( 'anadian Inns of ( 'ourt. ( )f late years he has devoted himself 
almost exclusively to c<iunsel work, taking a leading |iosition at the liar, and been 
entrusted with the conduct of many of the most important cases which have come 
before the Canadian courts, and with not a few that have been carried to the I'jiglish 
I'rivy ('ouncil. lie has repeatedly held weighty briefs for the Dominion ( lovernmeiu, 
among which that for the Crown prosecution of Riel and the Saskatchewan half 
breeds, in the Rebellion of 1S.S5, and that for the Department of Railwavs, in the 

arbitration proceedings now pending between 

the (lovernment and the C. I'. R., in the 

matter of the liritish Columbia section <if 

that transcontinental highway. 

Mr. liritton bath Osier, (,).('., one of 

the most emi;i"iu men at the Ontario liar. 

was born at I ecumseh, Coimty of Sinicoe, 

June i(;th. iS^c). lie was educated at the 

IJarrie Cranimar School aiul at ■|'oroiito University, of which he is an 1. 1,. I!. Making 

choiie of law as a calling, he passed lii>- preliminary studies for that arduous profession 

ami was duly called to the liar, hor a number of years .Mr Osier pr.ictised at Duiukis, 

Out., and from 1.S76 to 18S1 was County Crown .\ttorney for Wentworth. Of recent 

years he has maile Tcironto his home, and is at present one of the chief partners 

in the legal lirm of .Messrs. .McCarthy, Osier. Iloskin \- Creelman. .Mi. Osier is a 

liendierof the Law Society and a (^)ueen's Counsel. In his profession the learned 

gentleman is one of the ablest and best 

known of counsel and has condueteil many 

important cases for the Crown. He took 

part with Mr. Christopher Robinson, (,).('., 

in the North-West prosecutions in i,S,S5, in 

coimection with the second Riel Rebellion, 

and has just added to his laurels liv con- 
ducting with great abilit> the Crowns i-.iseat Woodstock /// /r the (^)ueen f. liirchall. 

Mr. Charles .Moss, (,).('., brother of the lamented Chief Justice .Mo.s.s, and him- 
self one of the ablest and best known men at the l'ro\ incial liar, w,is born at ( 'oliourg. 
Out., .March Sth. 1840. While (|uite a youth he removed with his father to Toronto, 
and here re<-eived hii preliminary education, resohing, like his eminent brother, to 
take to law as a profession. Mr. Moss articled himself to his brother's lirm and 
entered the l,aw Society. During his student career, he won a scholarship, and gave 
promise of the talents which have since raised him to his hi;;h position in the pro- 
fession. IK- was called to the liar in iSfx). Upon his admission to practice, he Joined 
the legal lirm of Messrs. Osier \ .Moss, of which the present .Mr. Justice ( )sler was 
the senior member. This firm was sulisei|uently strengthened by the admission <if 
.Mr. R. \. (afterwa-cn Chief Justice) Harrison ; upon the elevation to the liench of 
Messrs. Harrison am! I'homas Moss, the firm was joined for a time by the kite James 
liethune, (,).('. Later still, Mr. Osier retired to accept a Judgeship, when the firm 
became liethune. Moss, I'alcoiibridge & Hoyles, Upon Mr. Hethime's retirement, Mr. Charles .Moss became head of the 
firms known as Moss, Kalconbridge iV Harwick and Moss, Hoyles \- Aylesworth. More recently, the firm has had in some 
degree to be reorganized, in conseciuence of its having given aiKither member (Mr, Justice Lalconbriilge) to the liench. .Mr. 

Mn. li. r.. osi.i.K, 1,1. c. 

Mk. Cuaki.ks .Moss, ii.l'. 



Moss was for some time lecturer and exaniiner of the l.a-v Society, and in iSSo was electeil a liencher, and in 1SS4 was clioseii 


a representative of the Law Society on the Senate of Toronto I'nixer^ily. 
Moss a Q.C. In rehi;ion lie is an ICpiscopalian ; in [lolilics a l.ilieral. 

Kksidenik or Mk. Iiiaiuks Moss. i,).C., Jah\ r> Mkkkt. 

In iSSi. the Dominion (iovernnient created Mr. 
Moss, howi'ver, eschews political life, for on the 
elevation of Chief Justice Cameron to the 
liench, Mr. .Moss was offered hut declined 
the nomination for f.ast I'oronto in the Local 
Lej;islalure. During his professional career, 
Mr. .Moss has lieen engai;ed in many im- 
porlant suits liefore the Canatlian and ICnglish 
t'ciurts. .\nioiigsl other c.ises, he has heeii 
interested as counsel in the contested l^scheat 
case of .\ltorney-Cieiieral v. .Mercer; in the 
notorious Streams' case, .McLaren v. Cald- 
well ; and in the vexed St. James' Rectory 
case. Langtry v. DuMoulin. In 1871, .Mr. 
Moss married limily, second daughter of the 
late Mr. Justice Sullivan. 

.Mr. John Ho^kill, (J.C., LL.D., ol 
the firm of Messrs. .McCarthy, Osier, Hoskiii 
\: Creelman, was born in Devonshiri, iMig- 
land, in 1K36. He studieil in Canaila for u;e 
profession in which he has risen to eminence 
umier the late .Mr. Robert .\rmour, of Bow- 
manville, and the present Mr. Justice Strong 
and Mr. Justice Ikirton. He was called to 
the liar of L'pfier Canada in iSo^, and created 
a (,)ueen's Counsel ten years later. In 1H74, 
he was appointed by the Court of Chancery, 
(inardian nd tilcm of Infants, and subse- 
ipiently made ( )l'ticial (liiardiaii by statute. 
I'his im|)orlant trust he fulfils with ability and 
rare discretion. He has been a liencher of the Law Society of Ujiper Canada for fifteen years, and enjoys in a large measure 
the confidence of the community and the estetm of the members of his profession. In iSyo, he was elected President of the 
County of Vork Law .Association ; is President of the National Investment Company ; Vice-President of the Toronto (leneral 
^Trusts Company, and a I )irector of the ( 'anadian Hank of Commerce. He is one of the Trustees of the University of I'oronto, 
and in 1889 had the honorary degree of LL.I). conferred upon him bv that national institution. In iS6f) he married the 
eldest daughter of the late Mr. Walter McKenzie, of Castle Lrank, near by which, in the picturesque region of Rosedale, he has 
his beautil'ul home. " 'I'he Dale." l-'or beauty of situation, no less than for its line sylvan setting and the rare attractions of its 
conservatories. "The Dale " is Hell-nigh unsurpassed among Toronto homes. 

Mr. William Lount, (J.C., of the law firm of Messrs. I.ouiil iv Marsh, was born at Newmarket, \'ork County, Ontario, 

on the ,V'I of .March. 1S40. He was 
educated at the liarrie (Irammar School, 
and then devoted himself to the pursuit of 
lav. He was called to the liar in iSfii, 
and shortly alter began to practice his 
profession in liarrie, removing later on to 
Toronto, where he and his firm have for 
many years been engaged in a large and 
important practice. .Mr. Lount was 
returned in 1867 Reform member for the 
North Riding of Simcoe, in the Ontario 
Legislature. ICngrossed with his proles 
sion, .Mr. Lount, however, did not pursue 
political life. In 1876, he was created 
t,).C. by the Provincial Ciovernment, and 
live years later rei eived the like honour 
from the Dominion (iovernment. He has 
ailed as ( 'rown Counsel for the ( )ntario 
(iovernment on several important iMses. 
Dk.Joiin IIoskin, i,|.C. In religion, Mr. Lount is an I'.piscopalian. Mu, \Viii,iam I.oim, (j,c. 

Tlir. /..Ill' COCA'V.S .IX/> THE l.r.CM. I'KOr-F.SSlON. 


Mu. I. K. Kh;k, ().C. 

Mk. LIko. T. Bi A< KSTOl k, c^i.C. 

'I'lu' clrvvr ilcfi-Mix' of Ri');iiKilil llinhall wlaii (in I'lir imirili'iiiii; iMvilfriik ( '. liunwL'll lias iiiaili- tin- name of Mr. 
Cit'Drgc- 'I'ak' lilackstock, (^).( '.. known in two iK-niispluiis. IirCIVi tiuil a-, was llir effort inaik' to cxtriiali.' the rriiuinal from the 
lio|icles-, cntaMnkiiient of evidcnie with wliicli he was siirroimdeil liy the Crown, the address of the loiinsel for the defence was 
of siicli imporlanie tliat It was ial)led acioss the Allantic and puhhshed verliatim in the London 7'iiiiis. Mr, likiikstoik comes 

from the County of l)iirham. wlien lie 

was horn April 7lh, iS5f), Like many 

other prominent Canadians, he is an 

Upper ( 'anada ( 'ollege hov. Ii imediately 

upon comiiiencing the jiraclice of l.iw he 

took a leading place. His special iiiialifi- 

cations as a public speaker caused many 

of his friends to iirj^e him to seek the field 

of |iolitics. Mr. ItlackstDck, lieiiig a strong 

( 'onservative, deteriiiiiied to attack the lion 

in his lair and made his first political cam- 
paign in West Durham, where he was 

defeated liy the Hon. I'.dward lilake. .\t 

the following election he made a. good run 

in Lennox in the (!on.scr\ alive interest. 

hut was also unsuccessful. .Mr. lilackstock 

in iHSi) was made a (Jueen's Counsel hy 

the Dominion Ciovenimeiit. The learned 

gentleman is an adherent of the .Methodist 


Mr. James Kirkpatrick Kerr, (j.C., 

of the firm of Messrs. Kerr, Maedonald, 
Davidson \' I'alerson, and well known for his active and enthusiastic interest in Ficemasonry, was liorn near Ciuelph, in the 
'rownship of I'li^lmch, in iS.)i. His father, a civil engineer liy iirofession, came to Canada from Ire'.ind in iS.V. 'nx' "''"^ f'"' 
maiiv years Chamlierlain of the City of Hamilton. The subject of this sketch received his early ecUication at Hamilton, and 
later on at Calt, under the able eilucationist, the late Dr. lassie. He afterwards studied law, and in iS^j was called to the 
Ontario I'or tweiitv vears, .Mr. Kerr was a partner in the well known firm of .Messrs. Mlake, Kerr iV Wells, retiring from 
it, in 1SS5, to his present firm, of wliiih he is the heail. In 1871) i.SSi, and iSSd, he was successively elected a Hencher ot 
the Law Societv. In 1S76 he was created (,>.('. by the Ontario llovernmeiit. and in iSSt had the s.ime honour conferred on 
him bv the Dominion Ooverniuent. Mr. Kerr nas been retained in many important cases, civil and criminal, and argued the 
great Ii -ense '-.ise, the ( )iieen f. Ilodge, for the respondent belore the I'rivy Council in laiglaud. In 1S61, he was initiated 
a h'reemason in the Ionic Lodge. 'I'oronlo, and has served the craft in all the important offices up to the (iraiid .Mast'Tship of 
the Cirand Loilge of Canada. Me has held 
the rank of I'ast Craiid I'rincipal J. in the 
(■rand Chapter of Canada, and in the Cirand 
Chapter of .Scotland. He has also held the 
rank of I'ast Provincial Prior of the .Sovereign 
( ireal Priory of Knights I'emplars of ( anada. 
and, in 1885, received at the haiuls of 
ll.R.H. the Prince of Wales, C.rand Master 
of Knights Templars, the distinguished order 
of the (irand Cross of the I'emple. In 
politics, .Mr. Kerr is a Liberal; in religion, 
he is a member of the Church of ICngland. 
I'cir many years he has been a member of 
the hiocx'san and Provincial Synod, and for 
fifteen years Churchwarden of St. James' 

Mr. Alfred Henry .Marsh, (J.C.,I.L.P... 
was born at Smithfield, Nortluimberlaiid 
County, .May ,50tli, 1851. Ik was educated 
at llrightcm High School and the University 
of Poroiito, receiving from the latter the 
degree of H.A. in 1874, and I.L.H in 1882. 
He was called to the Ontario liar in 1877, • Tin Dai.k," Kfsiipk.sck, 01 Ur. Ho^kin, ti.C. 


/■///■; /,.;/»■ coi'A'rs .inp the i pkoi-essiox. 

Mk. a. 11. Mak>ii, (I.e. 

ami ii|)pi)iiilr(l (Jinrn's ('(hiiimI liy lliu I )()iiiini(iii ( loMriiiiKiit in iSScj. Mr. .Mar^li iiiurrd in 1M77 tin lirni nl .Messrs. 
.Ma<ili)niil(l iV I'alldii, ol wliicli Sir John A. .Maiilonalil tlii' liiail. lie has sin( c riniaiiii'd a parlnir ol that llrni and its 
successors, wlio ari' now Macdonald, Marsh iV ()'Mi..ira. In iHSj, .\lr. Marsh also iiikTcd into partnership with thi' late 
James Hetliune. (,).('.. and on the deatli ol' .Mr. I'.etlunie in 1S.S4, I- ■ lornied a p.irtnership with William I.oiint, (,).('., inider llie 

linn style ol l.oiint «V Marsh, lie has since i-ontinued a nieniher ol' that firm as 
well as ol' the one ol which .Sir John Madlon.ild is a partner. Mr. .Marsh was 
lecturer and examiner in Iviuity lor the Law Society of L'pper ( 'aiiada Ironi iSS.? 
to iSHd. On the formation of the new Law School in coimeclion with the Law- 
Society, in 1.S89, he was appointed lectnrer in ICtiuity and has written a work on 
its doctrines. I«nst year the graduates in law of- the University of I'oronto ele( led 
Mr. Marsh as their representative to the Senate of that institution. 

Mr. James Henry Morris, (,).('., is the eldest son of the late lion. James 
Morris. He was liorn at lirockville, hehniary if)th, 1X51. .\lter receiving his 
education at the lirockville (Iraminar School, the High School of Montreal, and 
L'pper Canada College, I'oronto, he entered King's College, and three years later 
received the degree of H..\. from Toronto Cniversity, the outcome of King's. 
.Mr. Morris .served till 1X5,5 in the ol'lice of John Wilson, (J. ("., and for one year 
sul)sei|uentlv in the olVice of the Hon. John Crawford, afterwards Lieut, (lovernor 
of Ontario. He was called to the liar in 1S54, and for a few months practised in 
partnership with Mr. Larratt W. Smith, D.C.L. In 1S55 he visited the Indian 
.Archipelago and China, and on returning to Canada in the following year 
pra<tised law with Mr. I'atrick Kreeland and .Mr. J. I'. Smith, (^).('.. now editor in 
chief of the Ontario Law Reports. In iSf)o, on the occasion of the visit of the 
I'riiice of Wales to the city, .Mr .Morris 
took an active part in organizing a large 
nuister of native I'anadians to give I lis 
Koval Highness a and hearty wel- 
come. I'or some years Mr. .Morris was 
R'gi>trat of Toronto L'niversity, and on his resignation was a|)pointed a mcmher of 
the Senate liy the Ciovernor-Ceneral, which position he held till 187,^ The first 
summer residence on Toronto Island was built l>y Mr. .Morris in 187 1. He serveil 
the city as aldermanic representative of St. .Vndrew's W ard in 1880, and sulise 
(piently as a meinliiT and ihairman of the Collegiate Institute Hoard. .Mr. Morris, 
who has always taken an intelligent and patrioti( interest in Canadian affairs, was a 
niemher of the Advisory Hoard which distributed relief to the sufferers by the 
Humber railway calamity in 1884. He was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1885, 
and in i8Hf> was elected a Hencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada. He is a 
member of the Royal Canadian N'acht Club, .\lbany Club, and St. Andrew's Society. 

.Mr. .Morris in his |)rofessional practice has 
a wealthy and inlUiential cliaitelf. His 
present law partner is Mr. .Mian McNab. 
formerly of Owen Sound. In religion, 
Mr. Morris is an K|)iscopalian ; in politics 
he is a Conservative of the ideal type and 
at the same time an ardent and public- 
spirited ( 'anadiaii. 

Mr. John liain, (,).('., is a native of Scotland, where he was born in the vear 
i.S,vj, being the youngest son of Rev. James Hain. His education, commenced in 
Scotland, was continued at (,)ueen's College, Kingston. .Mr. Main studied law in the 
ofhce of Messrs. I'aterson ct Harrison, composed of the late James I'aterson and the 
late Chief Justice Harrison. Subsecpiently he was received into the linn and the 
name was changed to I'aterson, Harrison \- Hain. In 187 1, .Mr. Harrison withdrew 
from the finn and it became I'aterson, Hain \- I'aterson. 'The .senior partner, .Mr. 
James I'aterson, died in 187,5. The firm was in 1874 then reorganized under the 
name of T'erguson, liain \ .Myers. On the elevation of Mr. Justice T'ergu.son to the 
liench, .Mr. Hain became the head of the firm, and the name changed to Hain, Laidlaw 
\- Co. Few men have had as.sociated with them in the practice of law so many 
partners who have been elevated to the liench. Mr. Hain was created a ().V. in 
1883. His firm carries on a large and general legal business. 




jBm .-^1^^'^'^ 

1 j^^^^H 



Mk. Ias. II. MoKKls. (,i.f. 

.Mk. Joun lUi.s, i,l.C. 


CKOWS Al TilKNF.Y, Mk. G. \V. liAlilM ROW . 

Mr. (k'cirj;r Wasliiiinloii ll.iilnirnw, ll.inislfr, Crown Altnniry lor llii' Cnunly nl N'ork, is a native (if this idinit;-, having 
ln'on liorn al Markhain, May jSili, 1S41. AlUr sludyinn in the Markhani High Siliool, Ik- tntircd ihi' iilCui' (if the lair Chief 
Jllstici' IlarrisDii, and was shortly afterwards called to the liar. .Mr. lladnerow is the head of the legal linn of .Messrs. d. W. 
Itadgerow iV Co., and enjoys a high reputation in the eoninuMiity. Mc has lieen < losely associated with the l.ilieral party in 
Ontario, to support which he was elected a nieniher of the Local Legislature by 
the Kast Riding of \'ork in iSyc). This constiliiency re-elected him until he 
resigned in 18H7 to ac<ept the ol'tii e he now fills, that of Crown .\ttoriiey for the 
City of I'oroiito and County of Ndrk. .Mr. lladgerow is I'ast Supreme .Master 
Workman of the .\ni lent ( )rder of L'niled Workmen, embracing all North .Nmerica. 
He is a worthy memlier of the ( 'Imrch of I'.ngland. 

Mr. Allen Kristol .\ylesw(irth, .M..\., (^). ('., of the eminent law linn of 
Messrs. Moss, Hoyles iV Aylesw<irth, was horn al the N'illage of Newlnirgh, County 
Lennox and .\ddinglon, Novemlier 27th, 1X54. He was educated at the Newlmrgh 
High School and at L'niversity College, Toronto, where throughout his under- 
graduate course he took high standing in the class lists. In 1S74, he graduated 
with silver medal in mathenialics, also with high honours in nietriphvsics. He was 
also successful in winning the I'rince of Wales prize, which is awarded to the 
graduate attaining the highest aggregate stamling of the year, .\fter graduating, 
.Mr. .\yleswiirlh took up law as a profession, studying in the olViee of .Messrs. 

Harrison, Osier \- Moss, and in 1878 

was called to the liar. He shortly 

afterwards connected himself with the 

firm of solicit<irs of which he is now a 

|iarlner. and is one of the most capable 

and hard-working professional men of 

his calling. Mr. Aylesworth is a representative on the Senate of Toronto L'niversity, 

and an a<-tive member, also, of Ionic Lodge .\. I', iv .\. .\L, \o. 25 ('.. K. C. In 

October, iS.Sij, .Mr. .\ylesworth was appointed (^)iieen's Coimsel by the Dominion 

(lovernnienl, and in December of the same year he had the honour of receiving 

silk from the Ontario (lovernment. He was Counsel in the Ilaldimaml I'.lection 

cases and also in the .St. (Jeorge Kailwav case. 

The late Mr. James Tilt, i).V., of the once well known firm of Messrs. Hell, 

Crowther iv: Tilt, Solicitors, was born in the Countv of I'eel, Ontario, in 1831. He 

was educated at the Streetsvillc (Irammar Si liool and at L'pper Canada College, 

and thereafter studied law and was in due course cdled to the liar of the Trovince. 

In iSfij, he entered into partnership 

with John liell, (/('., and Mr. James 

Crowther : and on the death of the 

latter, .Mr. Win. .Mulock became head 

of the lirm. .Mr. 'Tilt was a sound law ver 
and a man of probity and honour. He was highly esteemed by his brethren al the 
liar, and hail the conlideiice of his clients and the este.'iii of many warm and sincere 
friends. He was a man of fine taste and evcelleiit judgment. He was generous to 
a fault, and his numberless acts of liberality endeared him to a wide and appreci- 
ative circle. His death, December,?!, iSSij, was sincerely mourned. In politics 
.Mr. Tilt was a staunch Conservative and a true son of ( 'anada. He was a member 
of (irace Church (Ispiscopal) in this cily, and for a number of vears acted as the 
Rector's Churchwarden, .\moug his fellow-worshippers he led a iisefiil, kindiv, and 
blameless life, and the memory of his generous deeds will not be soon Inrgotten. 

.Mr. Oeorge Hughes Watson, »,).('., I.L.I!., was born near Schomoerg, \<.nV 
County. September jSth, 1841;. He was educated at Newmarket (Irammar .School 
and \iciori;', L'niversity, receiving from the latter the degree of I!..\. in 1871, and in 1873. .Vfter graduating .Mr. Watson entered the ofiiee at Itelleville of 
the lati Hon. Lewis Wallbridge. afterwards Chief Justice of Manitoba. Subse- 
'P'.ently he became a stuileiU with Messrs. lilake, Kerr \- lioyd, of Toronto. On 
being called to the Har, Mr. Watson practiced alone for a short time till he fonneil 
the finn of .Messrs. Watson, 'Thorne, Smoke & .Masteii, which does an extensive legal business. .Mr. Watson is a worthy 
member of the Society of Kriends. ' 

Mu. .\. U. .Vvi.iswnuiii, i.i.C. 

TlIK l.AI K .\IK. JAS. I'll.!, (,).C. 


THE /../;/• covKTs Axn riiE i.ecai. i'koi e^siow 

Ml. Willl.iiii Niclidliis MilliT, (,).('., 
I I .. I!., w.i^, Imiim ill I liiM(l:is, Ontariip, in iS.^S. 
Ili^. liillur, Jiulm' Millir, practisi'd law in 
I iiiiulas |iiiiir 1(1 1X5,5, in wliicli year lu- was 
a|i|iiiiiilu(l Jiidgf 111 till' newly (irgani/i<l 
('(iiinly 1)1 Watcrluo, and in this judii ial 
(il'tiiv he rriiiaiiH'd until 1S87, wliiii l\i- 
rrciivi-d his will-carnod superannuation. 
SiiKv then, JucIkc' Miller, who is in his 
eightieth year and in the full enjoyment ol 
all his menial laiiillies. has made his JKiine 
in (lalt. Mr. W. \. Miller, after olitaining 
his primary laiglish ediicalinn, nr.idiialed in 
law al the L'liiver.sity of ruronlo, with the 
di'Hree of I, I, .11., and in iSdi was called to 
the liar of Upper Canada. I'or some years, 
Mr. .Miller practised his profession in <!alt, 
and afterwards in Itrampton, in partnership 
with the l.ile Thomas I!. .MiMahon, lirollier 
of the present .Mr. Justice Mc.Mahoii. In 
iX;.). he removed to I'oronto and entered 
the tirm of .Messrs. lieatty. Miller \- Lash 
as a partner, sulise(|UeMtly Iransferrinj; his 
services to, and forming; a partiiershiii with, 
.Messrs. .Miilock, Tilt, .Miller \- Crowther, 
of which he is still an active inemlier. In 
these linns, .Mr. Miller has had a lar^e 
experience in Commercial law, as well as 
of general counsel work in this and other 
liranches of his .irdiioiis profession. In 
1.S.S5, the learned gentleman was created a 
(Jueen's Counsel, a distiiK lion in his calling 
which he well earned. 

.Mr. James J. I'oy, (J.C., is a native of 

'rorontii, having lieeii liorn here I'eliriiary 

22nd, 1S47. lie was edlKated at St. 

Michael's College, 'roroiUo. and at St. Culhhert's College, Ushaw, F.ngland. Choosing law as a profession, .Mr. I'oy pursued 

his studies to fit himself for that calling, and in 1.S71 was duly called to the liar. Ten years later, he was seleiled liy the 

Junior Har as one <if the four candidates for the position of lieiicher of the l,;iw Society and was elected li\ a l.irge \ole, 

, He has held the otiice till the present 

time, having been again elected in i.S.Sfi. 

Mr. I'oy has a large and lucrative law 

practice, luimliering among his clients 

several land companies and wealthy linan 

cial insiitutiiins. In the early years of 

The Mail. .Mr. I'oy was one of the directors 

of the ( 'ompany organized to own ami 

publish it. He is Vicc-I'resident of " The 

.\lliany " Conservative Club ; I'resident of 

the I'.dnuinton iV Saskatchewan hind 

Cdiupany ; I lirector of the Toronto (ien- 

cral Trusls Company ; ami of the .Vorth 

.\inerican Uind Company. Mr. Toy is 

the senior member of the firm of .Messrs. 

Toy it Kelly. In 1883, he was made a 

f.l.C. by the Dominion (lovernmenl. In 

politics, .Mr. T'oy is a Conservative, and 

takes a prominent i)art in the councils of 

Kk>iiirsc K. OK Mk. J. K. Kkhr, (,i.C. 



.\lK, GEORiiK. 11. Watson, (J.C. 

his i)arty in Toronto; in religion, he is 

.Mu. Wii I lA.Ni N. .Mii.i.RR, I I.e. 

/•///; /,./;;■ cocA'-rs .i\/> riir. ieuai. rnohEssioN. 


Mk. J.^^. J. l-'uv, I^I.C. 


;i Konian ('atli()li<', and a liading m(.iiili(.r 
111 the ((innrf^atioii of St. MicliaiTs 
< ■.illiiilral. 

Mr. Ni'Isdii (iiirddn Hind iw, (,).('., 
I.I..H., of till' Well known Kj,'al lirni 
of Messrs. Iti^ilow, .\Iorson\ Sniytli, and 
one of llii' leading prai titiontrs at the 
Provincial liar, was horn in the ('ounty of 
Siincoo, .April 2i\v\, 1840. Atl' r receiving 
his preliminary edlKation, he entered Vic- 
toria L'niversity, ('olioiirn, where he look 
a lii^h standinj; and in due course, gradu- 
ated with honours. He has taken a lead- 
ing part in the discussions with reference 
to the {•'ederation (piestion. In i8fi6, he 
proceeded to his M..\. tle^ree, anil in the 
following year look the degree of l.l,.l!. 
Mr. liigelow pinsiie<l his legal studies 
first iMider the late Mr. John .McN'ahl), 
formerly County ('rowii Attorney, and 
afterwards under the late Judge Kenneth 
MacKen/ie. In iSd;, lie was (ailed to the liar, and for over a score of years has had a large ami varied |iractiie. He is now 
one of the most prominent and succcssl'ul of criminal lawyers. In |SS(), he was appointed (,)iieen's Counsel hy the Dominion 
(iovermnent. .Mr. Iligelow is a inemher of the Senate of \'ictoria L'niversity, where he represents the graduates inlaw. In 
politics, .\Ir. Iligelow is a l.iheral ; in religion, he is a .Methodist. 

.Mr. .\llred Iloskin, (^).C., o| the law firm of .Messrs. Hoskill \' Ogden, is a nati\e of Devonshire, ICngland, and was horn 
March Jist, iS(;. He received his primary education in London, Kngland, and c<impleted his studies at a private school in 
Howmaiiville, ( )nt. < housing law as a profession, Mr. Hoskin commenced his legal education in the office of Donald Hethune, 
Jr., Ifowmanvillc. He .ifterwards came to Toronto and completetl his course in the firm of Cameron, Mc.Mi<hael iV I'it/gerald. 
Mr. Hoskin was admitti'd as a Solicitor in May, t r,()5, in November of the same year was called to the liar, and in rS,Sowas 
iTeated a (,lueen's ( 'oimsel. He has heen connecte<l successively with the linns of Cameron, Mc.Michael, I'it/gerald iV IlosLin, 
of CnmrciM, .MiMii h.iel \- Hoskin, and Mc.Michael, Hoskin \- Ogdeii, and is now the senior menilier of the linn of Hoskin 
iVOgden. .Mr. l|o^kin is \iie President of the .Manitoba and Xorth-West Loan Comp.iny and a Director of the Ontario 
Mutual Life .\ssurance ( o. He is also chairman of the Hoard of School Trustees liir Deer I'ark. in religion, .Mr. Hoskin is 
an I'.piscopalian, and for many years has been a member of the Toronto Diocesan Synod. 

Mr. Henry O'lirien, (^>.('., a partner in the well-known legal finn of Robinson, O'lirien iV (libson, is a son of the late 
Col. 1'^ Ci. ( J'lhieii, of "The \\ oods," Shanty Hay, Lake .Simcoe, and was born in 1836. Having chosen law as a profession, he 
took up its study and was duly called to the Har in iSfii. .Mr. < )'Hrien is the author of several legal works of high repute in 

the profession. He has also, for upw;,rds 
of twenty years, ably edited the CaiiaJa 
l.ifii' Journal, which was originated in 
1.S55, by Mr. Justice (now Senator) (iowan 
and the Hon. James I'atton, (,).('., and 
sulise(|uently conducted for a time by the 
late Chief Justice Harrison. This was the 
pioneer legal periodical of the Dominion, 
and is the organ of the Law Society of 
L'pjier Canada. .Mr. O'lirien was also 
law reporter at Osgoode Hall from 1S66 
to 1 876. He is noted for his interest in 
athletic sports. He founded the .\rgonaiU 
Rowing Club in 187J and was its lirst 
President. He was also lirst President of 
the Canadian A.ssociatiim of .Vmateur 
Oarsmen. In politics, also, Mr. O'lirien 
has shown great activity, taking a pronii 
nent i)arl, with his brother Col. O'Hrien, 
.M.P., and others, in the movement against 
the passing of the Jesuits ICslate.s' Hill. 






K ,., 

i - 



^10**'*- ' 

E^'ffif , 

Mr. Ai.l-REn lIosKi.N, Q.C, 

Mr, IIenrVjO'Brif.n, <,).C. 



Mk. lilNKV I. 

Mr. Uamki. K. Thomson, n.V . 

'I'lioiiuli riiriiuTly a Cimstivalivc in politics, liu lias lallirly (lisi'iiga^od liimsi'ir iVoin parly alliaiici-s, ami coiiructi'd liinisflC with 
till' l''.i|iial Rinlits advoiaUs. Ili'is a iiKMilnr of tin- lActiitivc ('<iimuillfc ol iIk- l!i|iial Riglils' Association. In iSS5,lic 
took a leading part in the ( .indidatiirc ol Mr. \\ . H. Howland fi>r the city niayorallv, and was a /caloiis ally of lliat j;cntlcinan in 

his (.iTorts on licliair of imiiiicipal rclorin. 
Mr. ( )'l'iricn belongs to the Church of laig- 
laiid coinnninion, inouj^h he takes an active 
part in all iindeiioniinational Christian work, 
and has done much practical good amongst 
the poor and sick, chiefly ol' the eastern por 
tion of the city. To his philanthropliic work 
he has made many sacriflces and gives it a 
large amount ol his time. 

Mr. Henry James Scott, (J.< '., was 
liorn at Port Hope, August J^th, 1.S5J. He 
is the second son of the late Mr. James Scott, 
barrister. He was educated at I'ort Ho|)e 
(Irainmar .School, I'rinity College School, 
and Toronto L'niversity. He graduated in 
.\rts in 1S7J, ol' which year he was gold 
medalist in met.iphysics. In 187(^1 he entered 
upon the pr.ictice ol" law, and his ability was 
recognized Uy his appointment as (Jueen's 
Counsel in |8,S,5. Mr. Scott is a meiuher 
of the Church of Knglniid. 
Mi. Oaiiiel lalinimd I'hoinson, (^>.C., of the firm of .Messrs. 'rhomson, Hen- 
derson \ liell, and a member of the Hoard of Ciovernors of .McMaster University, was 
born in the N'illage of l!rin. ( 'ounty Wellington, Ontario, January jotli, 1H51. Having recei\ed his preliminary education, he 
was subseiiuently instructed by private tutors, and in 187:;, began at (Juelpli the study of the law. Two years later he 
removed to Toroiilo, where he entered the office of .Messrs. lieatty, Cliadwick iv I. ash, and pursued his studies at the 1 Haw- 
School, cirrying olT in succession first, second and fourth year scholarships his third year course having been allowed him 
in consideration of his high standing in the class lists. In 1876, he was called to th ■ liar, and in 1889 was created a (J.C. by 
the Ontario (iovernmeiit. In his profession, Mr. Thomson has made a s|iecially of commercial law and had a large practice in 
iiisolveiK-y cases prior to the re|ieal of the Insolvent .\ct. He was counsel in the celebrated stock-broking case of Sutherland 
Z'. Cox, which arose out of the complications of the I'ederal liaiik stock. The ease was carried through all the courts and 
resulted in a judgment for the pl.iintil'f. .Mr. I'liomson was also counsel for the defendants in the case of Macdonald 7'. ( 'rombie, 

^^^^ which was carried to the Supreme 
^Ji^^H Court and decided in favour of the 
defendants. This case is a ruling 
one on <|ueslions of preferential 
security. .Mr. Thomson for the past 
four years has been President of 
the baptist Convention for ( )ntario 
an<l (,luebec, an<l he takes ati active 
and enthu:.iaslic interest in the l'ni- 
versity of his denomination, of which 
he is a (lovernor. \ view of Mr. 
Thomson's home, 57 (Jiieen's Park, 
is here shown. 

The name of .Mr. Oliver .\iken 
Howland is connected with two im- 
portant legal cases in Ontario the 
great |iatent right contest of Smith 
?'. (ioldie, and the celebrated church 
litigation which arose out of the divi- 
sion of St. James' Rectory lands. 
Horn at l.ambton Mills, .\|)ril i8lh, 
1847, Mr. howland came to Toronto 
for hiseduiation and passed through 
,, , , ,, , , Upper Canada College, the .Model 

KKslHKNC K 01 .\IU. llAMl 1. f.. I llOMsO.N, IJ.( ,, l,H hi .\ s I'AkK. '' 



Mk. Ol IVBK A. llnVV l.AM 

Mk. W. II. I'. ClK.MlSi. Il..\. 

f ' Ciraininar Scliool, and 'I'riiiity L'nivL'rsity. 

In 1S75 he was callLil to thf liar, and 

today is senior nicniljcr of the well-known 

law firms of llowlaiul, A;noldi \- llristol, 

and Howland. Arnoldi >V .Ma(ken/ie. Mr. 

1 lowland is also a patent agent, a solicitor 

to the Supreme Court, and a foreign mem- 
ber of the ICnglish Institute. In connec- 
tion with various numicipal and national 

movements he has evinced a deep interest 

in public affairs. Since 18.S1 ' ,■ has been 

one of the Churchwardens of St. James' 

Cathedral. He is chairman of the On- 
tario Public Places .Vssoiiation and a 

member of the York Pioneers and of St. 

Cieorge's Society. In the case of Smith 

7'. (loldie, which he successfully contested 

in the highest Courts of the realm, Mr. I 

Howland obtained the first judgment of 

the Commissioner of Patents on the ap- 
plication of the famous forfeiture clause which is still tlie governing deiision or that subject. In the long and involved case 
arising out of the St. James' Cathe<lral Rectory funds .Mr. Howland represented ;he defendants and ably contested everv point 
until the withdrawal of the rector of St. James" Cathedral from the suit brought the litigation to an end. .Mr. Howland takes 
a hearty interest in the native literature and is a frec|uent contributor to TIk W'ttk. He is the authoi of a thoughtful work, 
dealing with "I'he Irish Probleni, as \'iewed Bfr - -r 

bv a Citi/en of the I'^mpire," which was favour- ^ 

ablv received by the ISritish public on its 1 

appearance in London in 1S.S7, and was 
praised by the London Spclntor. 

.Mr. \V. H. P. Clement. Ii..\., was born 
May i.^th, 1858. He made good use of the 
national system of education of which the 
Province of Ontario is justly proud. .Viler 
accjuiring all the knowledge that tlie High 
•Schools could impart, he took an .\rts course 
in the I'niversity of Toronto ; from this in- 
stitution he received the degree of H..\. He 
then devoted himself to the study of law, and 
in due time was called to the liar. The lirui 
of Messrs. Clement, McCulloch iV ClemeiU. 
of which he is a member, is well and favour- 
ably known. Mr. Clement interests himself 
in the Methodist Church, the Liberal party, 
and the ( )rder of .\iicient, I'lee and Accepted 
Masons. He is moreover .\\\ active minded, 
enlightened and useful citi/eii. 

Mr. Columbus Hopkins Creene was 
born May I2lh, iH_io, in iIil' historic village 
of Drunnnondv ille. One whose early envi- 
ronments were so pregnant with the memories 
of liritish heroism, of liritii.h loyalty and of 
Uritish daring which cluster round the glori- 
ous battleground of Lundy's Lane could not 
but absorb the sterling characteristics of the 
U. K. Loyalists by who'u this locality was 
settled. .Mr. (Ireene at an early age chose 
the profession of law for his life-work. His 
many excellent (|ualilies commended him to 

themercantili'publicofrornnto and lie soon ,, ... 

KEsinE.NcK OF Mr. C. II. Greenk, St. GF.ok(;K Street. 



^rk « 

Mk. losKlll III li-.IIIN'.ION. 

Mk. J. \V. Si. John. 

ol)laiiicil ii UicTiilivi.' piacliic. lie is the senior iiu-iiil)cr of llic I'lrm of Messrs, (Irieiie \- ( Irci-iic. A ( onsisteiit nu'inliiT of 
the Church of ICnglaml, Mr. Creeiie lias always taken a deep interest in its welfare. l.arj;ely through his efforts .Ml Saints has 

Iiecome one of the most jirosjierous l''.|iis- ,, 

eopalian ehiirehes in 'roronlo. . i 

.Mr. Josiph IleiHhington is the 

principal partner in the legal linn of 

^^m^ Messrs. Meighingti>n, L'n{iihart \' liovd. 

^^L i He was horn in N'orkshire, lOiglanil, in 

t^^B 4MW i!^4<). and was eduiated up to the age of 

^^1 ^^ ^ j sivteen at ordinary day schools and then 

Vi ^M I hy |irivate tuition. He thoroughly nias- 

^ ttm I tercd the duties of ai idiuuant and held 

^ t/^ ' responsilile posts till, in 1S77, his he.dlh 

^^^ 7^^^^ f.iiling. Mr. Heighinglon was advised to tr\ 

a drier ( liuiate. He <ame to Toronto 
and first kept hooks, liut soon entered 
upon the study of law, coiiuiieiuing prac- 
tice in this city in the year 18S4. .Mr. 
Heighington to a large e\tent confined 
himself primarily to that part of his profes- 
sion which comes under the business of 
solicitor, believing that it is disadvan- 
tageous to attempt counsel work too early 
in one's legal career. His liusiiiess consisted largely in the management of estates, the investment of moneys, and general 
commercial matters sulijects which his previous training admiralily fitted him to deal with. The claims of his business have 
been too exacting to allow of .Mr, Hoighiligton's taking any very active part in politics, but he holds Liberal views and has 
attended Reform meetings. In religion, he is a liaptist of a broail and charitable type. 

The celebiateil trial of a well known clergyman of Toronto, by a tribunal of the Methodist Cluinh and his acipiitlal on 
the iharges made, brought into prominence the name of ,\lr, J, W. St, |ohn, by whom the defence wasconduilcd, Mr, St, John 
was born in the ( 'ounly of ( )nlario, on the 17th of July, 1S54. After attending the Collegiate Institute at Coboiirg, he gra<luated 
in Arts from \ictoria Cniversity in iSSi. Three years later he was called to the Ontario liar, and began the suciessful and 
lucrative pracli( e of law. His name is c unnecled with the firm of .Messrs. Haverson \ St. John. In religion, Mr. St. John 
gives allegiance to the Methodist Cluinh. 

Mr. Horace Thorne, barrister, was born .it Thornhill, Ont.irio. on the 20lh of November, 1S44. His father, lleniaiuin 
Tliorne, was at one time a leading merchant both in Montreal and Toronto, carrying on one of the largest milling and grain 
businesses in the countrv. .\fter receiving a goo<l tr.iining in Cpper C.inada College, young Thorne studied law in the olti( es 
of the late Hon, James I'atton. (^).C., Mr. Justice OsKr. .ind the late Ciiicf Justice .Moss, In iHCii), he was called to the liar 

and commenced praitice in partnership 
with the late 'Thomas K. Morgan, who 
( aiiie to an untimely end by being drowned 
off the yacht Sphinx, in 1X7,^. Shortly 
afterwards, Mr. Thome formed a partner- 
ship with .Mr. James J. I'oy, (J.C. This 
firm lasted live years, when .Mr. 'Thome 
became a member of the present firm of 
Watson, Thome, Smoke \- Masten, Tor 
the past few years he has devoted a 
deal of attention to financial matters, and 
has been \' ice President of the 'Toronto 
band and Iiivestineiit Company, 

Mr, Ivlgin Scliofl", of the linn of 
Schofi" \- T'.astwood, barristers, is a native 
of ( )iitario. He was bom in Clandeboye, 
Middlesex, Ont., T'ebruary 17th, 1852. 
Mr. Si holT is a graduate of 'Toronto Nor- 
mal Siliool, from which he holds a first- 
class certificate. .M'ter teaching school for 
two years he was articled in 1875 to 
Messrs. Uigelow, Hagel iV I'itzgcrald and 

Kksiiiknck oi Mk, IIouack Tiiokm!, (Jckk.n's Takk, 

/•///■; /..//; coi'h'/s .i.y/> /■///■: //■:<;. 1/ /'k'OHCss/ox. 


Mil>M'inifrnly III ( .iiiK''iii;mafiiiij; clerk in llu' (ilticr ol N. I'. Ilancl, !,•.('.. ikuv (iI \\iMiii|iLi;. In iS;() Mr. Schiill' \v:i-, calii'd to 

till' liar, having taken linnmns in tlu- Law SiIukiI tlnvr yl•a|■^ in ^iiiiis>iiin. ami lninL; mccmuI cm a Iniii; li^t of lianisliTs. Wu 

lias twice i" i.SSS and iSSi) liccii elected 

a-. I'lililic ScIkmiI Trustee Inr St. \l.iltlu«'s 

Ward. .\lr. .ScIkiII' i> a cli.irt<r nuinlier 

and i'ast Kenenl nl llie l)(iinini(in (onncil 

(if tile Kiiyal .Vrcaiuiin. lie is \ ii e I'resident 

ol St. .Mallliew's Ward Kelonii .Vsmk iaticni 

and the I'.ast laid W cinian's iMirianchisiiiunt 

.\ssiiciati(m. lie has always taken an .iiti\e 

interest in tiin|ier.Mice reriiriii and is a men 

her 111 the I'acc uli\e iil the ^'(llllll^ Mins 

I'niliiliiliiin ( liili and a Rnval Mr. 

Schiifl" is alsii an activi- nieinher iil' the 

Melliddisl Cluirch, 

In iSSi). a l,\w Si ikmu, at <>s};iiiide 

Hall was estalilished liy the Law Society iil 

Upper Canada, iiiuler the sii|iervisi(m iil' a 

l.eijal I'.diicatidii ('oiiiinitlei', with tlie desii;ii 

111' alTordiiii; iiistriictiiin in law and legal siili 

jects til all stiulents entering the I ..nv Society, 

and 111 holdinj; e\aiiiinatioiis which shall 

entitle the student to lie calKd to the liar or 

adiiiilted to |iraclii'eas a solicitor. 'The Law 

.Schiiiil course, which is three years in extent, 

is eiiinpiilMirv on all stndents-al l.iw anil 

articU-d clerks, siiliiect also to llu' |i.iMnent 

ol certain lees, unless they liavi' lieen admit 

led prior to Hilary Term, iSSij. HoiuHirs, 

schol.irships, and medals are awarded In the 

Siieiety in connection with the examinations .it the Law School. Privileges are granted to graduates in .\rts of the universities 

rei-ogni/ced by the Law Society, and attendance at the School is allowed as part of the term ol' attendance in a liarrister's 

ihamliersor service under articles. The 
Law .School course embraces lecliires, 
iicitaliiins, discussions, and other oral 
methods of inslriictiim, and the holding 
111 inoiit courts under the supervision of 
the Trincipal and the Lecturers. 'The 
Trincipal of the School is Mr. W'. .\. 
l\ee\e, .\I..\.. <,•.('.. and the Lecturers, 
lour in mimlier, are Messrs. \'.. I). 
.\riniiur, (,).('., .\. 11. .Marsh, 1!..\.. 
l.L.l!., (,).(•., K. i;. Kingsford, .\l..\., 
LL.l!.,and T. II. Drayton. The Legal 
I'.ilnc.ilion ( 'omuiittee ol the Law So 
cietv, miller whose auspicis the Law 
Schoiil iseoiuluctetl, is composed of the 
lolloping llenchers : Messrs. Charles 
Moss, (^).C. (Chairman), Christopher 
Kobmson, (J.C.. Iiiliii Hoskiii, LL.D., 
(,1.C„ 1'. MacKelcan, (,).('., W'. k. 
Meredith, (J.C., /.. \. Lash, (^).C., |. 
II. Morris, (J. C, I. 11. I'ergusim, (J.C., 
■ind Niiol kiiigsmill, (^).C". It is .siiid the Law Siiciely intend at an early 
d.iy to erect a separate building lor the 
Uses 111' the Law School. 

Kk.-.iijK.\ck 111- Mu. Kij.i.s Scmu 1 , \'ici.iu .\\i.sii.:. 

Kksiuknck. 01 .Mk. \Vm. T. ArKiNsoN, | amkson A\i,me, 




■iHi; }ii:.\i.iN'(; ari': a ciiai'ikr Ai'.oL'r doctors. 

Tin Ciiv's ICakiv I'mysrians. Rkiiui.h Akmv Sl ki.kons. Tin; Mkduai. Hoauh ok L'ri'i.k Canada. IIisioric 

NaMKS A\I0N(, IIIK T'iKSI I'KAl nilOXlRS. .\l l.dl'Arils AMI HdMI.Ol'Alll.s. Till. .\1kIiKAI. Sniool.S, l.KKNSINi; 

l!i)i)ii;s AMI 'Ti:aiiiin(. Taiim.i ii;s. Dimi.sikv am> Di.misis. Thk Ciiv's Mosi'IIais a.mi Chaki i ik.s. 

JL'IX'ilNCi I'roiii till' luimliiT :iii(l tlic jiLiii-nil opiilLiicx' of iIk' iiKilical |)i(iri'ssi(iii in TdniiUd, tlio city woulil si'ciii to lie a 
paradise dl' l'liy>iiians. H'tlK-rc is a vaiaiU cdiiiiT on any df tin- Tine ri'sidcntial stivcls cil" fhi' lity, the real estate 
ajjeiit anil the hoiise-lmikler sei-(e upon it lor the erei tion (if a (Iditor's liandsome resiilem e. ICven the apotlieiary shops, 
whirh are lifjion, denote a thriving trade in the heahnu or the kilhng art. In the did days there was no siieh activity or 
enterprise in the dni.u trade, imr was the medical pnilession thronged not to say glutted as it appears to he now. Vet men 

lived then to a good old age, and barring periods 
ol pestilence, few were wont to lie gathered to 
their fathers until they were full ripe for the 
sickle. 'The good people of the time did not 
live in such a whirl as we do, and they took 
more al enjoyment out of mundane existence. 
There was therefore nut sn mu( h need of the 
health officer, or of heneliciary .societies and 
mortality statistics. 'The doctor was hut rarely 
in re(|uisition, for the domestic pharmacopn;ia 
w,is usually at hand and the old wife could he 
depended upon with her luiteiU restoratives, 
drawn from ihe primitive herbs and simples. 
\\ hat pimpernel, liverwort, rue and rosemary 
cduld not cure, must have been smitten of the 
ICvil One and was past the chirurgeon's art. 
Kven for the most persistent ailments, a posset 
brewed by the family herbalist was counted a 
more sovereign remedy than the (|iiassia of a 
while faculty of physiiians. Troin an early 
period in the l'ro\iiicial history we find mention 
made, however, of doctors and licensed practi- 
tioners. Commonly these were old armv sur- 
geons who had emigrated to the colony, or hail 
come to it on the staff of the first governors. 
These early physicians, we read, carried medi- 
( ines and a pair of tiny scales, weighing out 
their prescriptions at the houses of their patients, 
and their long(|ueues, powdered hair, and ruffleil 
shirt fronts eiifoned the respect which their 
professidii cdimnanded. 
In the aliseiKc of any wurk, of an historical or liiographical character, dealing with the Medical Trdfession in the early 
days of the Province, we have I'ounil it diltii ult to say much as an introduction to this chapter. ( )f a few of the first practitioners, 
Dr. Scadding, in his 'I'oronto of Old. gives us some .account, and this we have been able to supplement through the courtesy of 
Dr. CannilT, late City Health Otticer, and like the venerable historian of 'Toronto, an enthusiastic student of the civic and 
Trovincial annals. 'This gentleman is at present, we are glad to know, preparing for the press an historical account, with 
interesting original documents, of the Mediial Profession in Upper Canada, from the founding of the Trovince to the year 
1S50. Its appearanie, we venture to think, will be eagerly looked for. Chielly from this source we learn some facts with 
referenie to the pioneers df the profession and of the establishing of the Medical Schools. We are also indebted to Dr. I'yne 
for some statistic al inlormation regarding the College of Physicians and Surgeons. 

'The three most notable of the first practitioners in the city, were Drs. Win. Warren Haldwin, James Macaulay, and 
(.;hristo|)her Widmer. I )r. Italdwin came to York (Toronto) towards the close of the last century, and was the first civilian in 
the embryo capital to practice mediiine. He also entered upon the study of law and was duly legalized to |)ractice that pro- 
fession as well as that of a doctor. Mis name is well know 1 in early Canadian history, and our readers need hardly be told that 

.\n .\ici mmfi nuAr llii o\ Ckkkakii siKfKr. 



lie the latlii'i iif llial p;Uii()l-|ioliliiiaii. tlic lldii. KiilaTl IJaldwiii. I Ir. lialilwin was llic loiindcr ol Spadiiia House, (in 
llif hill over-looking Davenport Road and the spaeious avenue that hears the name of his residence. Drs. Maeaiilay and 
Widnier were originally surgec/ns in the army. Dr. Ma<aulay, who the lather of Sir James Macaulay, a distinguished 
oeeupant of the L'pper Canada lieiuh, was attaehed to the 33rd Regiment and the ^Jueen's Rangers, of which (ioveriior .Simcoe 
was Colonel during the ke\(ilutionaiy War. He removed from Niagara to Toronto aliout the year 171/1, and long practised his 
profession in the city. Dr. U idmer, who was a Scrgion on the Cavalry Staff, began his medical career in Toronto in 1815 or 
iHid, and was for many years a familiar figure in the professional and social lircles of the Capital, .\ssociated with Dr. 
W'idmer for a time was Dr. I'eter Deihl, who came to the city from .Montreal, and died so recently as the year iSfi.S. In their 
early careers, tluy monopoli/Ced almost the whole medical pra<ticc nf the town and vicinity. ,\nolher of the pioneer 
medicos, Dr. Thomas D. .Morrison, who com 
inenced practice in \i)rk, in 1.SJ4. when Win. I. yon 
.Mackenzie came to the pl.iie, and was a participant 
with that "reliel" in the trouhles of i.S,?;. Dr. .Mor- 
rison was one of the lirst aldermen, after the 
ineorporation of the city, and its third .Mayor. Dr. 
John Rolph is another of the notalile names of the 
profession in the city, and he also, as we have seen, 
wa; a sharer in the storm which disaffected Reform 
at th. time breweil. .\mong other pre rehellion 
practitioners were Drs. Daily, Rees, King. Ciwynnc, 
Duggan, Crawl'ord, Hornby, and Mcllnuirray. Of 
the later men, who have passed from the scene, a few- 
names deserve to be chronicled here. These are Drs. 
Hovell, lieaumont, Hodder, Hall, I'hilbrick, Darrelt, 
Herrick, N'ieol, lierryman, l-'ulton, Russell, Campbell, 
lladglev, and Hallowell. .\ few are still with us. such 
as Dr. Joseph Workman, as connecting links with 
the past. The later-day men the Ogdeiis, .\ikins, 
Wrights, Richardsons, 'Thorburiis, Temples, liethunes, 
Cirasetts, S|iragges, etc., worthily maintain the high 
repute of the profession and do honour to the memory 
of the distinguished men of their huuiane art w ho have 
preceded them. 

I'Voiii an early period there seems to have been 
a Medical lioard in L'liper ( 'anada, for the licensing 
of I'ractitioners, but of its organization aiul any legis- 
lation passed in its behalf, it is dilliciilt now to obtain 
information. Krom I )r. ( 'aniiiff we learn that the first 
Medical School in the l'ro\ince was the .Medical 
Department of King's College, which early in "the 
fifties " became by .\ct of Parliament the University 
of Toronto. The professors of that school were Drs. 
Ciwynnc, King, lieaumont, Herrick, Nicol, SiilKvan 
and ( )'llrieii. The school seems, however, not to have 
fieen long in e\istence, the Legislature depriving the 
L'niversity of its early .Medical and Law faculties. 
Roliih's School of Medicine, which for a time foriiied 
the .Medical Department of \ictoria College, Cobourg, 
was founded by the Hon. Dr. Rolph in 1.S43, andwas 
incorporated by Act of rarliament eight years later. 
In 1.S5.5, it became the 'Toronto School of Medicine and was al'tiliateil with both 'Toronto and \icloria L'iii<\rsities. liesides 
I )r. Rolph, it had on its teaching staff for a time, I )r. Joseph Workman, I >r. ( ieikie, I )r. ( 'annil'f, I )r. lierryman, 1 )r. .\ikins, and 
Dr. Wright. 'The two latter gentlemen are still on the faculty, with some sixteen other medical men anil over a do/eii lecturers, 
demonstrators and instructors. Dr. W. 'T. .\ikiiis is at present Dean of the T'ac nlty. 

In 1.S50 Trinity .Medical .School was founded by Drs. Hodder, Hovell, Kadgley, and Uethune, and then became a Kaculty 
of Trinity University. In 1855 ft it however cea.sed to be a Kaculty of the University, though in 1871 it was reorganized under 
a Kaculty differently constituted but with many of the original professors. In 1877 the School was alVilialed with 'Trinity 
University and to-day has a teaching Kaculty, with Dr. (Ieikie as Dean, composed of ten doctors of the city and twelve 
lecturers and demonstrators. 

In 1883, the Women's Medical College was founded, and is doing good work under Dr. Xevitt, Dean of the I'aculty, 
and a leaching staff of over twenty professional men of the city. Toronto has also the following schools : the ( )ntario College 

KK^IPKNCK 0|- Dr. <;. U. McI)oNAc;il, ClICKCIl SlUKII. 



(if l'liarm;u y, (lcMi;nc(l lor tin- aliicitioii of ('liiniisls ami I )riinniMs and iiiriii|u.iati-(l by Ail i>l' I'ailiaiiiiMit : a Schonl of 
Iliiili-.lrv oIiIk- Koyal CdlKgi' iil Di'iilal Siirgnin.s lor Ontario, iiiinriioratcd since iSfiS ; and tho Ontaiio NctiTiiiary ( 'i)lli't;o, 
piisscssing iIk- |i(i\vi.r liv Ait of Parliament to j;ram diplomas to W-terinary Siirj^ci ns. 

llcsidL-s tlKse iLailiinH schools in medicine and its allied luanclies. the medical iinilession in the Province have a College 
ol l'!i\si( ians and Surgeons of Ontario, whose headiiiiarters are in I'oronto, I'liis is n Provincial Lieensin;,' Ix^h , nd was lirsl 
incorporated by an Act of Parliament in |S66. It is governed liy a Coimcil composed ot territorial representativ s, aniuiaH) 
elected, with representatives from the various Medical Schools and Universities, Alloi)alhic and llonieopathlc and a Hoard of 
well i|iialilled l%\anuners, The pro- 
fession has also in the city two 
inedic.d journals. 'J'/h' Ciiiiada Liin- 
cil. ,nid T/i,' Cdiuidiiiii Praititioiier, 
under alile management, besides 
the periodic issues of The Oiiliiiin 
M,.ii,;i/ A'.xis/,/: 

W. r. Aikni-,. M.l)., I.I..I)., 
w.i> born in the ('oiinly of Peel. 
< Intario. in 1.S27. His preliminary 
ediic.ition was received at \'ictoria 
College, Coboiirg. and his 
education at the I'oronto School ol 
Medicine and Jefferson Medical 
College. Philadelphia. Alkr prac 
ticing in Toronto lor a lime, I Ir. 
.\ikins became le.icher of An.itomy 
in kolph's School ol Medicine in 
1S50, now aftiliated with 'I'rinity 
Liiiversity. Si\ years later he 
aiipoi.-.led lecturer and surgeon in 
the 'roronlo School ol Medicine, 
which position he has held with 
m.nked success nnlil the present 
time. I)r. Aikins was largely iiistru ill forming the Ontario 
.Medical College, .ind has been 
'I'lvasurer of that body since its 
inception in iSoo. prcmi iSjotill 
iS.So he was surgeon tothe Toronlo 
(ieneral Hospital, and is now on the 
consulting staff. I'or many years 
Dr. .\ikins was President c)!' the 
Toronlo Sc liocil of Medicine. He 
has been l>ean of the Institution 
since 1SS7. The degree of I.L.I), 
was conferred upon him in iSSi by 
the University of \ictoria College, 
and in iSc;o the University of Tor 
onto similarly honoured him. I Ir. 
.\ikins is regarded as one of the 
most careful antiseptic ists in the world. 

Walter li. ( ieikie, .M.l I.. C..\I., I ).C.I,., I )ean of 'Trinity .Medical College, was born in ICdinbiirgh, Scotland, in May, 
i.Sjo. Coming to this country in 184,5 "i''' ''i^ father he studied in the .Medical School founded by the Hon. Dr. kolph,and in 
i,S5i, after examination by the .Medical Hoard of Upper Canada, was licensed to practice medicine. He went lo Philadelphia 
and took the degree of .\1.|). at Jefferson College in the following year. .After (iractising a few years at Pond Head and .\urora 
he accepted in 1850 a prcjfessorship in the medical department of \ictoria College. In 1867 Dr. (Ieikie revisited his native 
land and passed the examinations of the Royal College of Surgeons of iMlinburgh and of the Royal ('ollege of Physicians, 
l.on(U)ii. In 1871 he, with the aid of friends, induced Trinity University to reorganize the medical department, which had 
been instituted in 1850 and discontinued. He was appointed to the Professorship of Medicine and Clinical Medicine, and on 
the death of Dr. Hodder he became the Dean of the College. Dr. (Ieikie represents 'i'rinity College in the Medical Council ot 
Ontario, and last year rec eived the honorary degree of I) (,'.I.. from Trinity University. 

i Kc^K 111 l'iiv>iei.vx-, .\Mi Sckc;kuxs, ll.w .Sikkkt 



Uk. \V. r. AiKiss 

l)K. \V. li. Cl fKIK. 

'I'lio I'lv^iiU'iil 1)1 iIk' ('(ilk'fic (jI' ^lly^il■hllls anil Siirmim^ of <)nl,iriii, lur iS.SS, ,ii> |.iiiii.> ll(|iliiini Hiini-., M.I),, n 
native iilOsliaHa, Ontariu. liiirn in I )ciiiiilii_'r, rS-js, Dr. liiinis. al'UT laying iIil- rnimilaliiiii iif his iduialidn at l'|i|nr Ciiiada 
_ ( 'olk'Hi-, urailiialiil iiniudii iiual TnidiUii 

I'nivfrsily in fS6fi, at tin- aj^i' of tvviiit\ 

ni\c. Wlii'M till- I'l'tiiaii ilisliiilianci' hiokc 

nut, I Ir. Iluni'- Ha^ at Saginaw, .Michigan, 

wliitlur 111- liail nimi: tii join I )r. Kiymilds 

in lli^ |]ra('li( (.'. Ilr iinnudiatily ivtuimd 

to 'I'dronlii and attailu'd hiinM.'!!' t<i hi'^ 

I'nivfisity ('(ini|iany. I If was a{i|>iiintcd 

.\s>islant Snrm'im ol ('iil. l)fnis<in'> |ir(i- 

visional iij;inicnt, and at St. ( 'atliarini-s iindt-r irralnniu a laif,'r ninnliiT (if 

till- wiiiniik-d. .\lur tlir ri'liillidn, Dr. 

liiM'ns pr.ii'tisi'd iniilicini.' at ( 'iillinywdod 

till icSjfi, wlK'n ho rciniivcd In Tdrontn. 

In iSSoandin 1SS5 Ik- «as t-liitt-d tn the 

Mt-iliral ('diincil dl' ()ntarid. ol wliiili Ik- 

Has \i(-i--l'risiik-iit in 1S.S7 and I'residi-nt 

in iSSS. Dr. lUirns is .senior idiisultinn 

|iliysii-ian at tlie Infants' lldnie. a meinlier 

cif the coiisullint; staff nf St. Jdhn's I lospi- 

tal, Olisletritian at the 'I'Dronto Cieiu-ral 

Hospital, Ontario Referee fur the New 
\'drl< Life Iiisiirance ( 'oinpaiiv, and mediral examiner for several otlier proMiinent 
Life Insurance Companies. Me is a I'ast Master of .\shlar Lod{;e, .\. I-'. \- .\. M., No. J47, Toronlo. 

l-rederi(-k \\ 111. Strange, .M.I)., M.R.C.S., Surgeon of "(!" ( 'ompaiiy, Infantry S(-hool, and I-a-M.T. for North \(jrk, is one of 
the most distinguished physieians in the eity. He is an able pathologist and a (-lever and siu-i-essful surgeon. .\s a consulting 
jihysician few men in his profession have risen to greater eminence. Dr. Strange, who is the son of the late .Mr. Thomas 
Strange, of Stilhamskead Abbotts, Hcrkshire, l-aigland, was educated at llatli and Winchester, studied medii inc in Liverpcidl, 
and at University College, London, and is a l-'ellow of the Obstetrical Society of 
the Hritish metropolis. Krom 1.S66 to iHfu), he was .\ssistant-Surgeon of the Lon- 
don Siirgi(-al Home and the Hospital for Women, resigning these posts in the latter 
year to come to Caii-ida. Dr. Strange has a large and lucrative practice in 'I'oronto, 
is a Cdroner for the County of N'ork, was at one time I'residenl of the North \'ork 
, .___„_,. ., Liberal-Conservative .\ssociation, and from 

i.Sy.S to iSSj sat for North York in the 

Domiiu'on Parliament. He has been i'or 

manv vears identilied with the Canadian 

Militia, is an l''.\-Ca|itain of the 1 2th (N'ork ) 

liattalion and of the (^)ueen's Own Killes, 

and is now Surgeon of ••('" Conipany, 

Infantry S(-hool, 'I'droiito. In that ca|)a- 

citv he served with his corps in the North- 
West I-Apeditionary l-'orce, during the 

second Kiel Rebellion, and was a favourite 

as well as a skilled and humane surgeon 

on the lirigade Staff 

Dr. James Ross, a well-known city 

practitioner and member of the College 

of I'hvsicians and Surgeons of Ontario. 

was born in 1S32 in the Township of 

L- i .? '. . , ,. ., »■, --a N'ork, N'ork Co., L'p|u-r Canada. A piib- 
■; ,; . • _, ■ ".- -j li(- school in his native county supplied 

him with the rudiments of education, 
which he afterwards continued at Toronto, 
entering the Toronto School of Meditine and obtaining a license to practice in 1851. liefore settling down, however, Dr. Ros:s 
proceeded to Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, where further study was rewarded by the degree of M.I). In the spring 
of iSsj he ((mimenced the practi(-e of mediiine, surgery and midwifery in Tor(mto, .ind here he has held various positions. 


1)K. lAMls II. lil'K>S. 

1)K. J.\MKs Ross. 



Rks11iK\< K 111 liu. |. 1-. \V. Kii>,-, (■ 

. MM Kli'il KNh. ASH WH.l.l -iLKV S|KI.I.I>. 

s\icli ns I'll .i<'i;iii to St. AiulriwS. Sdrirh liir ruirl) llinl) \iMrs; I' In tin- (iirU' lloiiir .md I'lililic NiirMiy for Iwi'iitv 
vi'jirs ; and ;\1m> ri'iiri'scmcil Si. Liiwrcnri' Ward •i'- I'lililir ScIkkiI I'nisU'i' Irotn iSfidiip 1S7.V I 'r. K<iss wa^ also a iiu'iiilur 

ol iIk- ( 'oimcil of till' Colli'm' of I'hysiiians 
,ilid Siir};i-on> of Ollt.irio IVoiii iS;.}!!) 1 SSo. 
Ill i.SSij ju' W.I-, iliciid {'ri'sidont of llu' 
('.iiiadian Midicil .VsMicialioii, wliicli lii'ld 
its animal i-oiui-nlion at li.inff. In |iolilirs, 
I Ir. Kos> is .1 I .iliunil : ill rilij;ioii. a I'lrsliy- 

Jainis K. W. Koss, M.D., CM., 
I.K.C.r., London. I'aij;laiid, is a ii.itiM- of 
Toronio ,iiid an nut .uiil oiii C.iiiadian. Ik' 
was liorn on .\iij;iist 161I1. ICS5S, and riicivcd 
liis early training at the County Model Scliool, 
lIu' ('olk-.t;iati- Iiislinili-. and L'pper ( 'anada 
( 'ollege. Ill 1S75 he Miatriciilaled ill medi- 
cine at TorolUo University, and three years 
.ifterwards look the degree of .M.l>. The 
studies tlllls eoiiiiiieiired ill this eoiiiitry were 
for three vears eontiiiiied abroad at London, 
lierliii, l.ei|i/ie, and \ienna. When in iSiSj 
I Ir. Koss liegan the |iraetiie of niedieine in 
Tomnlo lie had in addition to his college 
ediieation the benefit of three years' e\|ieri- 
eiK'e as resident assistant at Toronto (ieneral 
II('S|iital, and had aeiiiiired a knowledge of 

his profession which shortly eii.ibled liiin to take a front rank. Dr. Koss is of sturdy Scotch descent. His great graiidlather came 

to('ana<la with a Highland regiment about the year iSo.S and served as (,)uarlermaster at Niagara and afterwards at Ndrk 

(Toronio). |lr. Koss' father has been a physician in Toronto for thirty years ; his 1111 titer was a daughter of Mr. |olin .Mcintosh, 

a member of the Provincial .\sseinbly about the time of the Mackenzie Kebellioii. I tr. Ross is on the leaching faculty of tlie 

Women's Medical College, and is physician to several of the ( ity charities. 

William Winslow Ogilen, .M.|)., Professor of .Medical Jurisprudence in I'oronlo School of Medicine and one of the 

leading practitioners in the city, was born of old llnglish stock in the I'ownship of 'I'oroiito, Co. I'eel, Ont., July ,ird, iH,^7. He 

was educated in his native county, at tin. 

the Medi<'al course at the latter institu 

tion. He also atten<led the i'oronto 

School of .Medicine, and in iSdo gradu 

ated with honours in medicine from 

Toronto University. Since that date 

he has practised his profession in Tor 

onto, taking at the same time a deep 

interest in educational matters and an 

active partici|iation in jiolitics as a 

Liberal. In i86y, Dr. Ogdeii became 

lecturer on .Medical Jurisprudence in 

the Toronto School of .Medicine, and, 

since 1.S87, when the Medical I'acully 

of Toronto University was created, has 

been I'nifessor of Loreiisic .Medicine 

in the University. Dr. Ogden has for 

a ([uarter of a century been a member 

of the Toronto School Hoard, and was 

long an active member of the Toronto 

Reform .Association, at one lime its 

\ii'e- President, and in i.S7() was 

nominated the Reform candidate for 

the Ontario Legislature, but failed lo 

.se<ure election, though he polled a 

large vote. In religion, Dr. Ogdcn is a 

'Toronto .\cademv, and at Victoria College, Cobourg, t.ikiiig both the .\rts course and 

KESIPKNCE ok Dr. E. J, B.ARKICK, lioMi Stkk.ei. 



Hi:, i;. 

llAKKh K. 

Mrllindi-.!, li;is liiki'ii ;i warm inliicst in llii' (Iriiuniiiialion. Iia-. In'i'ii ,i iiuinluT nl all ihc (li'iuial ( 'niiriirrn'o. and Inr hmv 

tliirlv yi'ars has liccn a /(.'aloiis liailcr in the Chiinli. lie is a nKinlur ul' the Miililli--c\ I.(j(I;,c, Sons nl i;nt;lanil liiiuAdltnl 

Sixicly, and is its iiiL'chcal rvaniiiK-r in the licncliriary ilL'parlnunl. 

ICH jaiiit's Harrick, M.ll., was horn on I li<i'nihir J.^rd, 1S4S, in the rnwiiship 

of Wandc'cl, Ontario. He was idnralcd in the (onniion s( hools, the N-irnial Seliool, 

\'ieloria L'niversily, Toronto Mi'(heal School, and St. Ihonias' Hospital, London. 

|jij;land. Dr. Il.irrick look his M.j). degree at X'iitoria L'niversily, i.S6r> ; l,.l<.( '.I'., 

London, I'ainland, iSf.f. ; .M.K.C.S., lainland,;; L.K.C.I'. and L.R.C.S., Kdin 

hiirgh, i.S()7, and !■'.( ).S., London, l',nj;land, 1.S70. lie practised in Toronto con 

tirnioiisl) since 1S67. p'rom iSf)7 to 1S70 he was 1 )einonsirator of .Anatomv in 

N'icloria .Medical School and Professor of Midwifery from 1.S70 till 1S75. I )r. Il.nrick 

is 'Treasurer of he Ontario .Medical .Xssik iation for iSSijijo. He is a memlier of 

the .Methodist Cluircli. 

Oeorge Slerling Ryerson, M.I)., CM., L.K.C.T.. L.R.C.S. lalin.. Surgeon of the 

Koyal (Irenadiers, was horn in Toronto, January jist, 1X54. H,' is the son of Rev. 

(icorge Ryerson, and the nephew of our great educitionisi. Dr. ICgerlon Ryerson. 

'The Ryersons are of Dutch Huguenot descent, their progenitors having come from 

Holland in 164^. Descended from I'. \'.. Loyalists on his f.ither's side, Dr. ('■. S. 

Rverson's an( estors on the maternal side 
were Conliniiitalists. He was educated 
at the (lall (iranmiar Scjuiol and Trinilv 
Medical S( hool, and from the l.Uter he 
gra<luated in i^'75. The following year 

he proceeded to the old land, where he received the practising diplomas of the 
Royal Colleges of I'liysiciaiis and Surgeons of Ldinhiirgh. .\fter studying his 
profession for some years in I.oikUi.i, I'aris, N'ienna. Heidelherg and lierlin, Dr. 
Ryerson relumed to his native city to fill the appointment of Trolessor of T^ye 
an<l ICar Disiases in 'Trinity .Medical College and Surgeon to the Mercer ICye and 
liar Inlirmary, which positions he still occupies. Dr. Ryerson hi's lieen Surgeon 
of the Royal (irenadiers since icS.Si and served with distinction during the North- 
West Rehollioii. T'or his services in ,!ie North West ICxpeditionary T'orce, Dr. 
Ryerson was recommended hy the (leneral in-Command for promotion to the rank 
of SurgeonMajor, ranking with a Lieutenant-Colonel in the militia. 'Through his 
efforts the .\mliulanie Corps of the Royal (Irenadiers was organized in |H,S4. 
Dr. Ryerson is closely identified with music in 'Toronto, heing first X'icel'resident 
of the Choral Society and a Director 
of the I'on.scrvatory of Music. He is 
a prominent nicniher of the Masonic 
fraternity. His ahlearticles on medical 
subjeils linil interested readers in Taig 
Dr. Ryerson is a memher of the liritisli 

.Medical .Association, the .American .\ssociation for the .Advancement of Science, 

and is a I'harter member of the Ophthalmological Society of (ireat liritain. 

Dr. John S. King was horn at Cicorgetown, Co. Halton, in 1843, his father 

having emigrated to Toronto in 18,54, the year of the city's incori)oration. ^'^ •■'•"■'> 

lite was spent on a farm in the County <il Weiitworth. .\t fifteen, he entered the 

Hamilton ( Irainmar School, and. after a time, ohtained a first class teacher's cert ill 

cate at the Normal Scho(}|, Toronto. In i.Sfic), Dr. King aliandoned teaching for 

jouriialisni, and in 11872 was on the editorial stalf of 'T/ic li/o/'C. While thus engaged 

he read f<ir the medic.l profession and attended lectures. On leaving 7'//c (/'/c/v. 

he devoted himself entirely to profe.ssioiial study, ohtained his license, and lom 

menced practice, first at Oakville and then in 'Toronto. He became a memher of 

the College of Thysicians and Surgeons of Ontario, in 1876, and obtained his .M.I). 

degree from \'ictoria College. In 1881, Dr. King was appointed Surgeon to the 

.Andrew .Mercer Ontario Reformatory for I'emales, and also to the Ontario Industrial 

Refuge for (lirls, with both of which institutions he is still eonneetcd. Dr. King 

has long been a prominent man in various societies. He is a .Mason of twenty-five 

years' standing; a I'ast Worshipful .Master, and a Royal Arch Mason. He became Dh. \V. W. Oudkx. 

connected with the Knights of I'ythias in 1874 and soon passed through the chairs of that order ; entered (hand Lodge in 

1876, and was elected Orand Chancellor four times; entered the Supreme Lodge of the World in 1877; was elected Supreme 

Dk. (;■ S. KVKHSON. 

land, the I'nited Slates and Canada. 


/•///; iir.ii i\c, AKi': A ciiArir.H a/wit /nn-roh's. 

I'li'l.llf twiri. 

A. I) r. w. 

111- ;iUo l„|..Mi;> 

Die. |oii\ S. KiNii 

I ,1 iiuiiilirr 111 llir ( )(lilU lliiHs ; ,111(1 «.i^ llu- rii--l <ii,iii(l I'A.iliiiinT in (' Inr \\w 

In llu- Sdiis i.f l.nul. 111(1. 1(1 llic l\(i\.il Ak .11111111. l(p Si. (Iidim^ SiMii't). in Hhuli l.i>l IkkI) lit' 

li;i^ liild till' |i(isl (if SiMHi'dii. ii\(ii\liir (il ( 'iiiiimitti'c, lliiid .mil si((in(l \ ii r I'rrsi 

(Ifiil. Miul Sli-ward. In pnliliiN 1 >r. Kiii^ is ;i l.iliiTal nl :i nilluM' iMili'|Knik'iil 

l\|ii- ; ill nlijiiiiii. lu' is .\ I'lrsliMiTi.m. 

( li.iilis Slir.iril, M.I),. CM.. M.I\.('.S.. I'ji};.. Imiim in TdKinld. I'llniKirv 
I ;lli. I S57. I'd I I'l'i r < '.in.iilii ( (ilji :;i' lir is inilrlilrd Idi llir c.iilv diillinj; in iiilil 
Ik 11 1.1 1 |Miisiiiis wliii'li li.iM' iii.idt' liiiii .111(1 111. my ullu r ( '.m.idi.iiis ('iils In llu- 
|iiiili'^siiin dl iiU(li( inc. ruiiij; .1 ihonilluli goilii; l'.|iis( ii|i,ili.m. Mr. Shc.ird Iddkcd 
Id llu- IniMisiu nl Irinily ( 'dlk'jii-- I'or his hij;lii-r rdiicilidii. l-rniii iiisliui 
linn lie nr:i(lii.ili-d u nil tin- ik'nri-i- nl' M.I>.,('.M. Sniisi-iiiiiiil stud)- in llii- I Ins- 
|iil.iN dl I .nnddn. I'.iij;!. 111(1. .11 'riinily ('dlli-j;i-, ( '.iiiiliridm'. ;il \ii-iiiiii, I'.iris and 
r.iiiiii. rill. n.Uid lii-' iiii-di(-al kIik .ilmn. Ki-liiiniiii; In rnnniln. 1 li. Slu-.iril prac- 
lisi'd .!> .1 |ili\si(-iaii H illi ni.irki'd siii-i-i-ss. I lis spi-cial iiilini.ii \ «illi llu- (li-|iailiiii-iil 
nl rinsinln;.;\ I'll ( ifiiii/i-d li\ liis a|i|idinlnR-iil In dial ( ' in Trinilv ( 'nllrj;i-. 
In (."^Si). I )i-. Sluaid iiri-il|iii.-il tlu' piisilinn dl' \'irr I'ri'siik-Ml nl llu- ( ' Mt-(li(-.d 
.\s.-,d( i.ilidii. and Inr the yt-ar iSijo lif is N'ici' I'rrsiik-iU nl' dii- OiUariii Mi-ilical 
As-.di-i.ilidn. Ik- is also a iiii-iiilicr (il'du' acting slarinr llic 'rniiinln (Iclicral llns- 
|, .mil an i-\lcnsi\c ih.k li( (.-. 

I'cli-i I Icndcisnn llruc. M.I >., 
_^^^ __ Si-( iclaiv nl die I'rnviiicial llnard nl 

L^r^" J I Ic.iltli. lidiii at .Mdiiiit I'lcasaiit. 
. -^ lirant Cniinly, .\iii;iist i7tli, 185,^ \\s 

cdiii atidiial tiainiii}; was received at 

.Mdiint Pleasant Cirainmar Scliddl. 
L'liper Cnllc^e. riii\ersily dl' ■|'drniiln. l-;dinliiii-,i;li University, and /uvh 
dl- A/i'./iriiic. Paris. l-'miii tlu- 'rdrdiitd l'iii\ersity he i-eeei\eil the decrees dl 
.\I..\. anil M.H.. e.irryinj^ dll'the .i^dlil in Scienceand tlu- .Mi-Miirricli silver 
nie.lal I'lir a Practical .Science essay. Dr. P.ryce entered iipiin the study dl' 
divinity in KiidV Cnllege, liiit owinj; to tenipnrary ill-health he gave it up in iS;!). 
and took a lectureship in C.uelph .\gricultural Cnllege. In iSSo he graduated in 
mcdieine at Tornnto L'niversitv. spending snnie lime al'terwards at l-'.dinliurgh and 
Paris. Returning td Canada, he practised successfully at C.uelph till appointed to 
the lidsitiiin dl' Secretary of the liiiaril nf Health in 1SS2, when he removed to 

___, 'I'nrdiitd. His el'rnrts ill fdriiiing local 

Fun iiiMWglliil iimiBUi— IPBMBBBBBI 1 1 1 , ,1 

■•-"S." ,■;■■.■■ . ,; hoards have coiitnhuted largely to the 

presenl efliciency nf the Provincial 
•• #' ^^^ Hoard. Dr. P.ryce is a meniher of the 

.Xiuericm Pulilii- Health Assnciatinn 
and Ch.iinnan nf the impdrtant cdiu- 
iiiittee nf the Internatidiial Cdiiferenie 

'A State Hoards dealing with interstate iidlirK.ilinn df diseases. During the small- 
pox epidemic of i,S.S5, he rendered valuahle ser\ices to Ontario in iireventing a 
spread nf the disease in the Province. Dr. liryce, who is a Licentiate nf the Royal 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, ICdinliurgh, is the son of (leorge liryie. who 
(-ame from Stirlingshire, Scotland, lift) years ago and settled at Mount I'lea.sant. 
He was lirought up as a Presbyterian, and is still a niemher of that deiioniinalion. 

" lieiisfort." the residence nf Dr. I.esslie M. Sweetnam. is situated on ihe 
north east corner of Chunh and Shiiter Streets. It was erected in i.S.Si; under 
the supervision of Mr. .Matthew Shearil. Dr. Sweetnam was horn at Kingston, 
Out., .\ugust 1st, 1851). He was educated at L'|)per Canada College, and took the 
medical degree at 'roronto L'niversity. in 1881. He began the practice of his pro- 
fession in a general way in 1882, and since 1887 has made the diseases of women 
aspecialt\. Dr. Sweetnam is a member of the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
of Ontario, .\ of loronto University, and M.D., CM., of the University of 
Nictoria College, Cobourg. 

Horatio Charles Burritt, M.D.,CM., comes of United l-'aiipire Loyalist stock. He is the grandson of Col. Daniel liurritt, 
a U. K. Loyalist, and the first settler on the Rideau River, and the son of the late Dr. W. H. liurritt of Smith's l''alls. The 
subject of this sketch was born September 2nd, 1840, at Smiths I'alls, where he attended the (irammar School. At liishop's 

Hi!. ( IIAUI.Es SUI ,\U11. 

Dr. I'. II. 1!rv(-r. 

/■///•; ///:.!/ JXd ,;/.'/• .; i iiai'Ii.k aihu r ihhtoks. 



Si liiiiil ( l.iiiiiiiwillr. r.l,l.l, 111' ».is hnllHi- iiislriHlid. SiilisniuriilU Ik' iiilind \|i ( lill I immimI),, liinii Hliiih lii' 
ri-rrivi(l the ilrnrii' (it \l,l>., ('.M., In M.iy, iS'i,;. AlU i ;;t.iilii.ilmn lie VM Ml Ici liiKnln ll^^|Ml,ll. \\ ,i^1iiiij;Iimi. in llii- i .i|i.i< ily 
cil' Aciini; A^si^tjiit Siiipdii. ( )ii 
rc'lliniinu In ( '.iiLicIa lir |ir,irlis('il .it 
Miiriwliiirj; ami IVtcrliuiu' iiiilil In- 

IVMIiiM'll to rnliilllll. ill I.SS.'. I ir. 

liunill IS ,1 iiuiiilici- III ilii' ( luin li 
111 l''.M);l,iiiil. 

I'liiksMir I'.iIh.iiiI i;. Sliiiltji- 
wmlli, till' .lll.llvlir rlinilist. «.ls 
liiMii III i.Sjj, ;il Sluriiilil, I'.iin 
l.lllil. Ill' RTi'ivi'll Ills rillM'Mtiull. 
liiiui'MT. Ill li'i'l.iiiil, rliti'i'ili),' till' 
( iini'iniiii'lit Srlidiil lit Si ii'iH'i' :il 
llllliliii, wliiTi' 111' iilit.iiiH'il ,1 ri'iti- 
ln'Mti' III iiiiilii ii'iiry ill his liuoiiiiti' 
MilpjiTt ('luiiiisH"). Sjini'lly :illi'r. 
Ill' r.iiiir will) Ills r.itlu'i' to ( 'nii.KJ.i 
.111(1 ii.iHir.illy cli'llli'd iiili) |)li;imKi( y. 
siitlinn ill iSfi; in rnrmitn .is 
M;in:i};cr nl tlir rnniiitn ('lu'iiiii'.il 
Wiiiks iiiiiKr till' Missis, l.vinaii. 
In iS^id, I'ml'. Sliiittli'wiirlli with ,\ 
few Dtlii'is iiitcri'sli'd in srifiitilir 
|iharmai y loiiiKkil tlif society that 
al'tiTwards hciaini' iIk' Ontario Cnl 
lego of I'harinacy. In i.Sd;, he 
I'stalilishi'd the CtiKiJimi l^luirma 
Cdilidil Ji'iintal, A inrindical of whiili In- is still the iditnr. In i.S,S:>, the ( 'nlli-ije of riianiiarv asstimed li.iihinn piiwi-rs 
with I'lnl. Sluitlk'woilh as Dean nl' the I'.iiiilty and I'mlessor of Cheniistiy. The I'mlessiir has also for a luniilier of years 
been lecHirer on I'liarniae) in 'Trinity Medical College, and in the old ilays held a a|ipointiiient in the Medical Depart- 
ment ol X'iiioria College. He is also 'orrespoiiding and honorary incmlier of the I'hiladelphia, (^)iieliec, and other pharmaceutical 
cnllcges. I'rnr. Shiittlewnrth has taken a deep interest ill .\rt, and in iiSSo occupied the \'ice-l'resident's chair of the Ontario 

Society of .Artists. Professor Sliii'tleworth is noted as a volunteer, having served 

in the reciiniseh killes and in the Montreal .\rlillerv, as well as in the .Xiiurican 

army during the ( 'ivil War. 

Saiiuiel (I. T. Ilarton, .M.D., is • ■ 

of Irish parentage. He was liorn in 

i.srn at .\tliliine. ( )nl,irin. When his 

primary ediiiation was eonipleted he 

came to Toronto and matriculated .it 

the Trinincial University, from whence 

lie graduated in .\rts. 'Turning his 

attention then to medicine, he received 

from X'ictori.i University the degree of 

M.D. Dr. Ilarton t.ikes an active 

interest in cliaritalile work. He is one 

of the medical attendants of the West- 
ern Dispensary, which does much to 

allevi.ite the ilistress'of the poor in 

times of sickness. He is a meiiiher 

of the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons of Ontario. 

Jerrold liall, M.D., resides at 

the corner of Sherhoiirne and Sliuter 

Streets, where he carries on a large 

general practice. He was born in the 
County of Sinicoe in 1848 and educated in the Toronto University, graduating in medicire in 1874. He began practice in 
'Toronto immediately upon graduating, and is now a well-known physician. Dr. lialTs re'igiotis connection is with the Metho- 
dist Church. An illustration of his residence will be found in these pages. 

I)u. II. I'. HcKRirr. 

Tkofkssok v.. li. Sniini.RWOKrii. 

/■///■; HEM i\\: .u<r ./ ciiArrr.K aihht ihutoks. 

rill' liiijKiiir cif luiiin ilii' rn>.l rniKili- pracliiioiur iii Ciii.itl.i liil(iiin> In I'.inllv llnwaid liiiniiifjs Slowi', M.I). 
Il.irn .ind rdiii.iud in iliis I'rovirui', ^lir lullowiil (ur iii.iiiy viMri tlir |iriirts-.ji)ii ol IimcIhiih. Ii was not unlll slu' «.is in.irricd 

^_ . .nid h.iil a r.Miiily, lli.U .Mr'i. Stnwr dilirniiniMl tn carry 
nut Ikt lon^ rhirislu'd |iin|i(iM' nl t'lilt'rin^ llit' I'lild (il 
nicdiiini'. She Miidii'il the hiiiliiin art in Niw \(jrk 
City. .XfliT i(l)taiiiiiin the dinri'L' of M.l>. she reliniud 
to Timintoand inaiiKiiriitcd a MincssfHl c .imr. Thronnh 
the i-lTorts of .Mrs. Stowe the pnifi-ssion.d st.inihnu of 
fiinalf physicians in Ontario has liccn cstabhshcd, and 
the way has heen opened up lor women in other depart 
Muiils. 'The existence of two medical colleges in this 
I'rnviiKe for women toilay attest the progress tliat has 
been m.ule. Twd of Dr. Stowe's chihlren have entered 
|irofessional hie. Ihe eldest, I )r. .\unusta Stowe ( lulleri, 
was the first wDman to obtain the medical decree from 
an Ontario University, and is one of the f.K ult\ iif the 
Women's .Medical College. Dr. Mniily Stowe is an 
ardent anil effective adMnale of female eiifrani hiseincnt 
on the platform and elsewhere. She has amply deserved 
ihe siic<ess which she has achieved. 

The Women's .Mediial (jillene, estalilished in 
iS.S^, through the energetic effortsof the late Dr. liarrett, 
is in .il'liliation with the Universities of I'rinity f'ollene 
and Toronto, and is now the foremost Canadian .Medical 
Collet;efor women, both in the completeness of its teach- 
inn facility and in the number of its graduates and 
students. The building (seepage i.S) is commodious and 
well adapted for the purposes of medical eilucation, being 
fitted up in the most modern and scientific mannet. Its 
The staff is large, incliuling i\ Lecturers and Demon- 
I'our of the Lecturers are ladies. The new C.illege, 


111 I)k. Jkkkoi.ii I). Hai I . 

situation o|iposile the (ieneral Hospital affords it |)eculiar aihantages. 

slrators, among them several of the foremost physicians of the citv. 

opened in iSyo, has been erected through the joint conlriliiitions of a large number of the citizens of 'I'oronto, interested in the 

medical education of women for missionarv and other work. The value of the lot and buildings is about $i;,ooo. 'Ihe 

business affairs of the College are managed by a lio.ird of Trustees, elected annually 

b\ the subscribers and the faculty. The educational arrangements are in the hands 

of the l''a<ulty. Ihe of the 

Hoard of Trustees is James I'leaty, (^).('., 

L1..D, I the Dean of I'a-ulty, R. M. 

Ne\itt, li..\., M.D.iand the Secretary 

of I'aculty, D. J. (libb Wishart, li..\., 


John Hall. M. 1!., M. D., for 

thirty years an able practitioner of the 

Homeopathic School in Toronto, but 

nowdf \'ictoria, li.C., was born in la'n- 

i-oln, ICngland, in 1S17. He was edu- 
cated at LiiKiiln and Ciranthain, anil 

became an indefatigable student and 

an earnest ini|uirer in matters pertain- 
ing to his life long profession. He 

came to Canada during the troubled 

era of the .Macken/ie Rebellion, and 

until peace settled upon the country he 

made his home for a time in ( 'leveland, 

Ohio. Here he look a deep interest 

in I'harniaey, and became enamoured 

of Homeopathy, then as.serling its 
claims in rivalry with the old .school .Allopaths, and studied with a view to pra<'lising that system. In 1857 he ol)tained the 
degree of iM.D. from the Western Homeopathic College of Ohio, and shortly afterwards removed to 'Toronto, and became a 
Licentiate of the Homeopathic Medical Heard, and in 1869 a member of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 

I)K. John Hai.i.. 

Dk. Kmm.v IIowarii Jf.nni.\c;s Siowe. 

TIIF. //E.U/XC AKT .1 CUM'ir.h .IHOIT />(>C7(>A:s. 

Kisii>i:mi; 111' I)u. \V. 1, 111 Niiu |:mi)uv, Caki.ion SikKKi. 

iikI ill iSSi i\ iiK'nilitr mI' tlu' l!ii;iril iit I'AJiiiiiK'r^ iil the ( 'iilli'^i'. I )r. MM was nut ll>ll^ in rstnlilisliiii); a lar^t- and ln> rallvf 

practiiT ill TiirDMld, and lur many years was wurlliily iilintiCicd with lloirirdpatliy, its schcicil, liiispital, and ullur inuli ssimi il 

iilliTi'sts. \\ liiK' a risiiUnt of llic tily, lie ^ __^ ---^.„— 

was I'ri'sidint nl' ilir llahnrinannian Cliil), ^W'Mtt^m 

ami is still an liiiiinrar\ iiu'inlnr. llf is also ' _•■■■• 

an liniiiirar\ nuMiliir ol llu- lappi Smii'ly nl' 

l'liilad('l|iliia, and III llir InltTii.itinnal llaliiU' 

mamiiaii Assm iaiion. Dr. Ilall's lualtli, ol 

rti rut yrars, liaviiin siilTrrtil Ironi llir stvtrity 

ol till' Canadian winter, lie lie in luri'ssi- 

tak'il to ri'linijiiish liis practiir in this i-ily 

to Dr. W. J. llunttr ICmory and to make his 

home in Xictoria, llritish Cohimhia. 'The 

wiirthy gentleman lias many sincere and 

attached friends in the rroviniial Capital 

who, socially as well as prolessionally, hold 

him in hi^h esteem. 

W. I. Ilimlcr lanory. .M.D., M.C.l'.S., 
was liorii al jSurlinnlon, Out., in 1861. His 
piilimiiiars ediicalion was reieiveilal Water- 
down lli^h Sihool and Hamilton ('olleniale 
Institille. He pursued his professional studies 
in Cleveland Homeopathic Hospital College, 
where he received the degrees of M.D. and 
.M. U.S. in .March, iS.Sj. The followin(.' year 

he passed the examinations of the Council of the College of i'hysicians of ()ntario. lluis liecoming .1 liieiisid and registered 
practitioner in Ontario. He was elected in tin same year a meinlur of the Canadian Institute of Homeopath), of which he 
liecame Secretary 'rreasiirer in iScSc, \'ice I're.sident in iSSS, and President in i.SSc;. Dr. laiior\' entered into partmrshiii with 
Dr. |ohn Hall, Sr., in 1HS5, and succeeded to his practice in iS.SS. He is Ivvaminer in Medical Jurispnideiice aiul Sanitary 
Science for the Ontario College of I'hysicians and Surgeons, .Attending I'hysician and Surgeon of the Toronto Homeopathic 
Hospital and a meinherof the Hahneniannian .Association. Dr. laimry, though still young, has attained a high posi- 
tion as a practitioner, is well read in his i.-ofession, and has a successful future lielore him. He is a niemlier of the .Methodist 

"Hahnemann \'illa," the residence of John li. Hall, M.D., .M.C.l'.S., situa'e on Jarvis Street, lorner Carlton, is one of 
those siili^ianlial and comforl.'.hle, though unpretentious, hoines so miiiierous on that lieaiitiful thoroughfare. The picture 

was taken just as the I Im tor was alioul to 
enter his hroughain. Dr. Hall is a native of 
Lincoln, Kng. He received his education al 
()l)erlin L'niversity, Ohio, Homeopathic 
Hospital College, Cleveland, and .Missouri 
llomeopalhic College, St. l.onis. In i,S6j 
he estalilished practice in Cleveland and 
afterw.irds in .St. I'aul. Minnesol.i, v.liere he 
remained until 1X75, when he accepted a 
position with his father. Dr. John Hall, late 
of kichmiind .Street. In iSSo heestaliii,.!- d 
himself al the above residence. Dr. Hall is 
well known throughiint the Dominion as an 
able and skilful physician, and although his 
practice is chiefly among the more aflluenl, 
the ))oor are never neglected. Dr. Hall is 
very liberal in his views, and although a firm 
believer in the Homeopathic law. does not 
recogni/e it as the only one governing the 
remedial action of medicine. 

Dr. William II. Howitt is the eldest 

son of the late Henry Howitt, of Long Eaton 

•' ll.msKM.vsx Vii.i.A," Ukmiiim K Ol. l)u. Jons 11. Il.\ii. Iliill, Derbyshire, where his ancestors have 

been landowners since 1485. To a branch of the family belonged the late William Howitt, writer and poet. Dr. Howitt was 

educated at /.ion House Ac.ndemy, in the Island of Jersey, and subseiiuently at King William's College, Isle of Man. He 



rcccivcJ his proCiMsioiKil Iniiiiiiij,' nl Midill L'liivcrsily, Montreal, ;md St. Tlioiiias' Hospital, I.oiulon, ICiifjlaiul. In 187J 
he began the practice of medicine at Menonionie, Wisconsin, u'.S. In 1H7S, liecoming convinced of the truth of Hahnemann's 

law of cure he came to 'I'oronto, and, having obtained re registration as a 
Ibmieopathic member of the College of I'hysicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 
thenceforth practised according to the doitrines of the New School. 

I'he Homeopathic Hospital, Jarvis Street (.see page j.S), had its inception in a 
small free dispen.sary which the friends of Homeopathy opened in 1887, on Ri<li 
inond .Street Mast. 'I'he movement was aided by the city with a grant and the 
inslilulion was voluntarily attended by the physicians of this school, prominent 
among whom were Dr. John Hall, Senior, and the late Dr. ( ampbell. I^arly in 
1890. it was felt that there was a pressing need for a I loiheopathic Hospital, to 
supjilement the work of the dispensary, and by means of private subscriptions and 
an increased grant from the city, the first venture was made iii a house at the 
(iMiKr of Richmond and Duncan Streets. The hospital was opened on January 
17th. ttilh one patient and a staff consisting of lady siiperinlcndenl, caretaker and 
housekeeper. I'.efore two months had elapsed the accommodation of the hospital 
was found lo be utterly inadeipiale for the demands upon it. The preseni ipiarlers 
were opened on May Sth, largely through the efforts of Ills Honour Judge Mac 
dougall. .\ |)rivate ward was furnished by .Mrs. ( Irani .Mac donald, and the largest 
public ward was furnished and ilecorated by .Mr. John Ross Robertson. I!y.\ugust 
the average number of ])atients was seventeen and the calls upon the dispensary 
averaged one hundred a week. 'Pile nursing staff had reached six a head ruirse 
and live in training. Since ( )ctober a regular training school for luirses has been 
organized, the members of which attend lectures by the medical staff. The hospital 
movement has had the hearty endorsation of the members of the Homeopathic i)rofession in I'oronto. 

int. W. 11. llowin. 

lames liranston Willmott, .M.D.S., D.D.S., one of the founders of the Royal College of Dental Surgeons, Toronto, a 
professor in the institution, and its representative on the Senate of the University of Toronto, with which it is afliliated, was 
born of I'.nglish parentage in the County ol Halton, ( )nt., Jinie 15th, 18,57. In early life a stuclent in X'ictoria College, he 
passed from it to practice dentistry rr Milton. Subsccpiently he graduated at the Philadelphia Dental College, and in 1871 
c-ame to reside in 'Poronlo. Since tbat period he has been engaged in a large and lucrative practice, and intimate!) associated 

with the development of dentistry, both in connection with the board of ICxaininers 

and latterlv with a chair in the Royal College of Dental Surgeons. In religion, Dr. 

Willmott is a Methodist, is deeply inter- 
ested in the prosperity of the Metropolitan - ,; 

Church in the city, and was a member of 

the 'I'oronto .Methodist Conferences of 

1885, 1 886. and i8c;o. 

Martin I'recl Smith, L.T'.S., was born 

111 l,i\erpool. p'.ngland. July 12th, 1852. 

He was educated at Liverpool College, 

and in 1867 began the study of medicine. 1 

.\fler two years' study he showed a pre- I 

fereiice for dentistry and entered the office 

of a successful practitioner at Islington, lo 

perfect himself in the profession he had 

chosen. Ilislirst location as a <k'ntist was 

in Denbigh, North Wales, where he prac- 

lised two years. In 1879 he came to 

Canada and conniienced the extensive 

practice which he now has in 'i'oronto. 

in the fine oltices of the Canada Life 

.\ssiirance Ccmipany. Dr. Smith is a r 

member of St. (Jeorge's Society, the Sons 

of I'.ngland, the 1. (). K. and the Order 
of Canadian P'oresters. His allegiance in religion is to the Church of P'-ngland. 

lohn ( ;. .\dams, I ,. I ).S., youngest son of the late Rev. K/.ra .\dam.s, was born at .Acton, Ontario, in 1 8_v;. I le commenced 
the stuily of dentistry in 'I'oronto in 1870, and became a graduate of the Royal College of Dental Surgeons in 187,5. Since 
then he has been engaged in the practice of dentistry in 'I'oronto. His reputation for careful work has secured for him a large 
number of students, ten of whom having graduated are practising in Ontario, and others are scattered through the United 

1JH. J. li. Wll.l.MOl 1 . 

1)K. M. I'. SMI 111. 



States and till' Proviiicos. Ho lias taken a (lucp inlLTcst in cliaritalilc work, especially in llie Sick (lliililreii's Hospital, liiiys' 
and Ciirls' Homes. At the aj^e of thirteen he hecame a nieniher of the Melliodisl ('lunch, and has filled all the ot'lices a layman 

can hold. Largely through his efforts a 

movement in the direction of window- 
gardening is gaining ground, and Tor- 
onto's business streets are aiuuuilly 

heautified l)y the presence of fine lloral 

displays. I>r. Adams is a i.ilieral kefornier, 

aheliever in IC(|ual Rights, and a nienilier 

of the Sons of Temperance, (lood Tern 

plars. Royal 'l'em|)lars. United Workmen, 

and Select Knights of Canada. 

Probably there is no dentist who 

has been so long established in this city 

as William Case .\ilanis. He was born 

at l.nndy's l«uie, near Niagara I'alU. 

October i8th, 182,5, his father being :i 

Methodist minister. .After receiving a 

liberal education at \'ict()ria I'niversit). 

I>r. .\dains canie to r<iroiito in 1K51 tn 

study dentistry. .\t that time there were 

but three dentists in Toronto. Dr. .Vdams 

studied with Mr, J. H. Jones in 1854, 

when he received the degree of D.D.S., 
and began business as a dental surgeon. During the first two years of the i-\isteiice of the Dental Cnlkgi' he was on the 
teaching staff, .\mong his students were Dr. Wilhnott, Dr. Snider, Dr. Troutnian, and Dr. Trotter. Dr. .Vil.nii^ i-, a Methodist 
and a Reformer. Since 1857 he has been a [''reemason. He is the inventor of a useful addition to apparalu^. known 
as a root extractor, which can be screwed into roots and will draw them without any cutting of tin- llesh. He i> both capable 
and experienced in his profession. 

I)K. W. C. AHAMS. 

1. 1;. .Vli.VM-,. 

The care of the sick has not been left in Toronto entiiely to the good (iriice-. of mcdiial n\cn. Willi the cue .ilso of 
the destitute, provision has been made for the sick by the philanthropy of the citizens, aiiUd to some extent b\ both the 
Corporation and the Provincial Legislature. The Toronto (leneral Hospital is a nobk' example of the city's luimanitv, and 
largo is the provision it has made, and annu- ^^t^my - jti /jfci'ri^-ir 

ally makes, for the and eipiip 
meiit of the institution. As early as 1817. 
the (iovernnient of Upper Canada granteil 
400 acres towards the fimndation of a (leneral 
Hospital in the city. With this land appro 

and /.'4,ooo i^^^^^^B^^I^^^Bk!-'^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^fe^^l^^^ ^ 

and Patriotic Society of the Province, being 
unexpended moneys collected for the relic' 
of sufferers in the War of 1812. an hospital 
building was erected, in 1817, at the corner 
of King and John Streets, near where the 
.\rlinglon Hotel now stands. It was, how- 
ever, not devoted to its purposes until i8.-!y, 
the (iovernnient having appropriateil it five 
years before for the housing of the Legisla- 
ture, fire having destroyed the Parliament 
Muildings. In 1854, the present Hospital 
site, occupying four acres, on (lerrard Street 
Kast, between .Sackville anil Sumach Streets, 
was selected and buildings were erected. Kksm.k.nck oi Dk. s. (. T. llvMos, h,„..k v.kik, v.. 

'rhoso have since been added to, and the 

noble pile, of which we have given an illustration on page 4,5, admirably fulfils its purpose. .\n Hospital Trust was incorporated 
in 1847, vhich manages its affairs, aided by the beneficent elTorts of a number of medical practitioners who form a <-onsulting, 
an acting, and an Ivxecutive staff The Hoard of 'Trustees consi. fs of five gentlemen, one of whom is the Mayor, with three 
members appointed by the Ontario Ciovernment, the fifth being the appointee of the subscribers to the Hospital fund. The 
capacity of the Hospital is _55o beds. .Ntlached to the institution ar • the Knrnside Lying in Hospital, with over thirty beds ; the 


THE 1 1 HA 1. 1 \C, ART: A CHAI'TEK A/lorV /HKTOKS. 

Rk^iufnte ok Du. \V. \V. Ochkn, Siaiuna Avf.nik. 

Merrcr ICyo ami Ivir liifiniiaiv, with li)rty l)t'(ls ; and a N'lirsos' lloiiu-, lor llic pii|)il.s of tlic 'rrainiiig School, with accommo- 

ilalion for fifty nurses. Tin.' Hospital rcrcivrs an animal grant from the I'rovincial ( lovermneiit of nearly $25,000, ami from tiie 

Citv ('orporati<in of $if)oOo. 

Another lienel'icent instiliition is the 
Mouse of I'rovideme, I'ower Street, near liy 
the (ieneral Hospital. It is .supported liy 
the Kunian Catholic Church, and nianageil 
by its worthy and self-denying sisterhood. 
Its object is the relief of the aged, infirm, 
and destitute of both sexes, without distinc- 
tion of creed, and of hapless orphaned 
luunam'ty. It well deserves the aid and 
sympathy of the charitable. The Hospital 
fiir .Sick Children, on College .\venue, at the 
corner of IClizabeth Street, appeals with an 
uiu|uestioned claim to every feeling heart. 
The new and elegant building, which has 
just been erected, shows the response of the 
citizens to this excellent charity ; and its 
bright interior, with the good offices of its 
kindly management, will make glad the heart 
of its suffering inmates. Towards the erection 
of the new building, the 1 ity, in 1SS7, made 
"a Jubilee (iraiU" of $20,000. The hospital 
is designed fiir the relief of children as out- 
door patients from birth to the age of fourteen 
years, and for the reception of children as 

in-door patients from two to fourteen years. In connection with the institution, thanks to the beneficence of Mr. b)hn Ross 

Kobertson who gave the mom.-y for its erection, there is a convalesceiU branch on the Island, called the Lakeside Home. 

St. Inhn's Hospital, on Major Street, is another excellent institution which well merits recognition in these pages. 

In I'omiection with the hospitals, it is hard to refrain from saying a woril here of one or two of the city's charities, 

though we hail hopeil, had space permitted, to have given them a separate chapter. The Industrial School is not altogether a 

charity, for tlie I'rovincial Ciovermneru. we believe, contributes to its maintenance, as does the city, and the (iovernment has 

given it a plot of eight acres at .Mimico, and leased it forty-two .acres in addition. The institution, which owes its inception to 

the zeal of ICx-.Mayors \\ . H. Howkuid and \V. I!. McMurrich, well deserves the couiUenance anil support of the citizens. lCi|ually 

dcsirving of support is the Newsboys' Lodging and Industrial Home, on h'reilerick Street, which receives the good offices of its 

longtime I'riend and benefactor. Sir Daniel Wilson, and those of the zealous 

Chairman of the Home, the Hon. Siiiator .Mian, !).('. I.. Of other deserving 

charities we must content riurselves merely with their eiumieration, viz.; the 

Home for Incurables, on Dunn .\venue ; the House of Industry, Kim Street : 

the St. \i( holas Home, Lombard Street : the Infants' Home and Infirmary, St. 

.\I.uv Street: the Hillcrest ConvalesieiU Home; the Wayfarers' Home; the 

I'risoners' .\id ; the Ladies' Mission and Relief Society; the Haven fi>r Dis- 
charged female I'risoners; the Industrial Refiige ; the Sunnysiile Children's 

Home ; ;ind the Inilustri;d Refuge fi)r(iirls, a section of the 'nslitulion known 

as the .Men er Keform;ilory lor (•'emales, which is supported by the I'rovincial 

(iovernmeiU. I'o ;ill these i h;irities the city devotes about $30,000 yearly. 

To these institutions h.ive to be ;uMed the Hoys' Home, on (leorge .Street ; the 

Ciirls' Home, on ( lerrard Street L;ist ; and the ( )rph.ins' Home, on Dovercourt 

Road all worthy objects of public beneficence. I'or the e\cellent man:igement 

of these charities, the city is indebted to many philanthropic lailies of Toronto, 

who find in them a worthy field fiir their activities. The Hoys' Home is designed 

fi>r the training and maintenance of destitute boys not convicted of crime, from 

the ages of (wi: to fi)urteen. 'The institution, which was opened in 1R59, afliirds 

ai commodation for over 150 boys. Since its fiiimdation, it has afforded a home 

fi)r nearly i.fioo boys. The dirls' Home was established as a public nursery in 

the year 1857. Some three ye;irs huer, the institution was enlarged to admit girls up to the age of fifteen, and to train them 

for household work. The Orphans' Home was founded in 1851 for the relief and support of all friendless orphans of members 

of all Protestant denominations. Ilesides these charities, the city's destitute or distressed are materially helped by the various 

n;itiiinal societies and benevolent organizations, ecclesiastical and industrial. 

Dk. Fuedkkick \Vm. Sikamu:. 






— I'm; ToKoNio Siiiooi, Hoard and its Tkist. Thk Cnv Sliiooi.s, ifik Coij.w^iaik Inshhtis, ('oi.i.i:i;ks 


EDUCATION, from :iii iwrly period in the liisiory of L'pptr Cannila, lias had a large sliarc in tlu- iiitiTi'sts of tin- 
juoplc, and few conuniinitics have more heavily and uncomplainingly taxed themselves for its support than have the 
piil>lie of the City and the Province. The C'ity's annial assessment for I'lihlic Schools alone amoimts now to ahoiit 
$fioo,ooo ; while it disburses nearly another himdred thousand in support of the Collegiate Institutes and Separate 
Schools. These two sums exceed in amoimt the whole Legislative grant of the Provincial tlovernmeiit for the yearly mainten- 
ance of all grades of the schools in Ontario, including the ilishurseineiit for inspection and general adininistration. Though 
Separate Schools continue to he recognized and aided holh liy the City and the Province, the ICducational System of Ontario 
is, in the main, unse<tariaii, and the Piililic Schools at least are free. The chief source of the school maintenance is local 
taxation, aided liy (iovernnient grants from the public chest, supplemented, in a small measure, by some unexpended balance 
from the Clergy Reserves I'uiid. The total annual expenditure for school purposes throughout Ontario is said to amount to 
34 jier cent, of all the taxes collected upon the assessable property of the Province. Submitting to this enormous annual public 


burden, it ■.iiinot he sai<l Ontario is indifferent, or lacking in public spirit, in seeking the cnliglUenincnt of lur people. 
Her schools arc essentially popular institutions, organized and sustained for the education not of anv privili'ged order or class, 
but of the masses. They are open to the children alike of the most we.dthy and the most humble home. 

The Public .School System of the Province dates from llie year 1816, when the Legislature of L'pper Canada passed a 
Common or ICIementary School Law, and appropriated /^5,ooo sterling -a like sum to be granted annually for the mainten- 
ance of the .schools. Six years later, a Hoard of Education for the Province was established, which also for a time had un<ler 
its supervision the Royal (irammar S<hools, for which provision had been made bv grants of the public domain when the 
Pro\ince w,.s founded. It was not, however, until after the Cnion, in 1841. that eliicieiit provision was made throughout the 
Province for national educuion. In 1844, a further impetus was given to the movement by the appointment of the Rev. Dr. 
ICgerton Ryerson to the i hief superinteiulency, and a .s<hool system was founded of an e( lectic character, combining the best 
features of the educational system in vogue in New Kngland and the Old World. Since that period the system then inaugurated 
has made great strides, and ti -day there are close upon 6,000 sihoo] houses in the Province, emploving over 7,000 teachers, 
with a registered school population of nearly half a million, liesides the Public .Schools, the Province maintains 115 High 
Schools, of which twenty-six are Collegiate Institutes, employing over 400 highly-i|ualit"ied teachers, with a registered attendanie 
of nearly 18,000 pu|)ils. I'hese High .Schools provide an advanced education in the Knglish branches, and a classiial course 


/■:/>(( .ij/o.v .i.y/) i rs rh'o//:ssoh's. 

«ilh nnuKrii l,iii^ii:l;;us, to iii.ililc |iU|iiK U> |i,i--s thr lii.itiii iil;ili(in lA.iiiiili.ilicin in tlu' l'iiiv(i>ilir>, llu- UMrluT'-. iuin-|ir(>rcs- 
sional i-\aiiiiM.iliiiii, or to [W^ (iiici' inlo tliL' l)ii>irK>N cil lik'. In rDnnUn. llu- IH(i ( 'ulli-i.ili- lM^litllll■s li;i\r hmt :i timiisniul 
pupils on their rolls, ;in(l L'ppiT Caiiadi Colkj^c li.ul, in iSS<). an altindam r nl' 401), ol wlmh 1 74 wcro lioarilirs. TIk' 
Iracliinn staff is largi' and highly trained in lioth the ('olK\;;i' .\\\i\ ihr liisliluli--. I'hr cdinalionj', ^^-.l^■ln nl llu- rrmincc is, as 
onr readers know, pri'si<U'il (ui'r liy a Minister of I'.dnialioii, who is also a nieniljer of the ( io\ernnienl. llu- school a^e in 
Ontario is iVoni fi\e to twenty-one. A section of tin- Srhool Ael eontpeU the allendanee .11 m hool of children lielween seven 
and thirteen years of -.v^c lor a period, at leasl of a hundrcil days each ye.n'. Ihis en.ictineni is nniiappily, however, nol 
strictly enforced. The expenditure in the I'nnince on mIiooI lniildini;s dtirinj,' ihi' past twelve years e\i eeds five niillions ol 
doll.irs. .\ i;r.itifving featme is the iniprovi'd character and inciiasiil e(|iiipinent of these school liuiidinj;s. The lof; silioul 
house of the past is fast disappe.irinj;. there lieing only ahoiit 500 now in exislenci'. .i^.tinst i,4(p() in 1S50. while hriek school 
hou^c^ have within the same period increased from 100 to over j,ooo. 

The I'lililic .sihool -.l.itistics for the i ilv niu>l lie gr.itify inn to e.iry cili/cn. Toronto doe^ nolily for edm.ilion. and the 
t.ixp.iver. ihoiiLih he m. IV L;rnmlile .11 ihi' l,u>;c .Old increasing; .mniMl o',il,iy, h.i'- the silisfulion ol knowing his p.irental 

V lilac e'.vNAiiA Coia.i-'iK. 

respon-.iliililie-. are . idv, int. l4l.■o^l^ly assumed liv the State, The (law in his ointment will doiiliiles> he the dilfen m e lielween the 
aelnal and the enrolled .iltend.inee, in which there is .1 great and imlortim.ite disc repancv. In iS.Sc). ilu- regislered attend, nice 
at all the schools- of the city was j,H,i,S-. while the aver.ige clailv altenclance was only iS.cjjd. Of the lattir, almost 5,000 
attended sc hool for le>.s 150 d.iy> in the school year. In these figures there is an admonition lor tlie school aiilliorilies and 
the triunii y oflic er. I'hoiigh the lac t to vvhieli we have called attention is siillicieiitly depressing, and calculated to restrain our 
jtiliilalion ovit the slice ess of the school system, there is imic h at the same time on which the solier citi/eii may rejoice. When 
the yearly t.i\ hill comes in, if this is not always thought of, let the sight, on any important thoroughfare in the early morning or 
early afternoon, of the glad troops of yoiiths going to or from one or other of the sc liools, to liei oiiie in time useful and worthy 
citizens, lianish lioth impatience and misgiving. The cost of maint. lining the schools, of which there are now nearly liltv in 
operation in the city, with over 400 teachers, amounted in iKHcj to $'67,442. 'Ihis gives a cost per child for die year of $cj.45 
on the basis of registered attendance, or of $14. i,^ on the hasis of average daily attendance. In addition to the expenditure of 
$2fi7,44» year liy the city for the mainten.ince of the schools, there w,is an appropri.ition of ne.irlv $joo,ooo for new sc hool 

/■:/)n:r//()x .i.\7) /y.s /• a' <> /■/■:. as. 

l>llil(lillJ;^, Mir-., rc|i:MV. niid iiiipnivciiuiit^. Tin- L^lim.iUil li)t:il \;iliif iil' llii.- rily's siIkioI sili's, liiiil(liiij;s anil ci|iii|inu'iU is 

( li)M' upon !<]]{.■ ;ni(l ;i ([n.ntir millinn^, Tlic fiovirnMRnt nf tlu' siIkmiIs is vtslcd in ,i licinril (if IwiiUv six nicnihiTs. ii'|iivscntin^ 

till' tliirli-i'n Warils ut ilu- ( ii\. 

'I'Ih' lAi'iutiM' < )tfiicr> (il llir 

l!(i,ir(l .Ml- till- (,'li,i irni.i n. 

Inspir idi-.Stcnt.ii) I'liasuiii. 

SiiliciUir, SnpiTinlrndcnl iil 

l!MiMinj;s. I )nll I nsiiuclcir anil 

linanl ( tlliiur. 

In il-< uiMJlli (if iiUiia lnslili:'.;.ins. Tiironlcj 

juslly I l.iun^ pre i ininrm c 

anxm^; liu- i iius nl tlu- 

I )iiMiininn. Al tlir luad (if 

llir (.■diicational syslcni of llu' 

I'ri'-.inii' suinds tin' luiliiinal 

in^litntinn, knciw n as llu- L M 

\ KUsI l\ (II TiiUDN In. It ua^ 

originally L'staMisliid liy knyal 

Chailrr in 1SJ7, uniU-r the 

iK'sinnaiiiin (il King's Ciillfnc 

piililii- laiuls liaxin}; lii'in sit 

aside lor its eiidoHinenl Iriini 

the lirst settlenieiil nl the 

l'in\ iiiee. The in>litiitiiin was 

lornialK opened in 1K4;. and 

si\ years later its name uas 

c-hani;e<l into that nl the L'ni 

\eisil\ ol Toronto. In 1 S5 ^, 

.ui .\et ol the l.eni>latnre u.i^ 

passed, under wliieh the l'ni 

xersily eon^titllted with 

two eorporalion-,. the I'niver^ilx of Toronlo. anil rni\er>itv ( 'olleue. the linii'tioiis ol' the loriner lieiiii; liiiiiled to the evaminatior 

i>r landidates lor degrees in the se\er.d larultie>. or lor the 1 onlerrini; ol -^i holarships and hiinoiirs ; those ol the latter lieing 

eonlined to llu' teaihinn of siilijeets in the 
I'aiiilty ol' .\rts. In 1.S50, it lost its donoini- 
natioiial eliaraiter, and lieeame lor the rutiiro 
a purely'ctariai) and Stale institution, 
thotigh with it are federated and atiiliated a 
innnlier ol' denoininatiimal L'niversilies and 
Colleges, and in 1SS7 it hail restored to il its 
ori.ginal haitilties of Law and .\ledieine. Ily 
the provisions ol' the .\et ol' 1SS7. a 
reorgani/ation in the teaehing departnienls 
ol' the L'niversity took plaee, and in addition 
to the old ehairs in Arts, distinct ehairs of 
Matliemalii's, I'liysies, (Ireek Language and 
Literaliire, the ( >rienlal Languages, and I'oli- 
tieal Si ienre ha\e been estalilislied, along 
with lectureships in the llrcck l.;inguage and 
Literaliire. in the Latin Language ami l.iliTa 
tine, in .\neient (Ireek and koinan History, 
in the Italian and Spanish Languages, and 
in I'hysiology. 'I'heCily ol' Toronto has also 
reeently endowed il willi a chair ol' (Icology, 
and one of T'aiglish Literature and Langii.ige. 
.\lioiii a year ago, the beautiful L'liiversily 

buildings, which were among the finest on the continent, the inisl'ortime lo be burned, and with them the well-ei|uippeil 

libr.irv and mnseiim. Tluse. howi'xer. are now being replaced, and there has lately been erected new and separate acconimoilation 

for the Deparlmenis of lliology and I'liysiology. in addilion to the building known as the .School of I'ractical .Science, founded 

Kl .llii N( 1 

u Mu. \V. I IicM .,1 .v-.. Si . .\i iian's Mill t I. 


/■:/)( C.I 7VO.y yix/) /rs /'A'(>//:.ssoa's. 

ill 1S7S. .Hill ariili.itrii Milh tile I'liiM r>il\ . Tin- piMiniiuiU nl rnniiiln l.'iii\>.T>ily i^ wstcil in .\ I'loaid (if ■rni>tL'cs, of ti'ii 

iiuiulur-. ■. :i I'niMTsiiy ( 'dum il ot twiiil) Idiii iiuiiiliii>. ; :i Siii.iti'. ^^>ll^islill(^ iil a Ch.iiKvllnr, \'ii i- ( 'haiicilliir. and lilly iiuiii- 

ln^^ iwilvi' ikik'd liv ( 'niivdcalion 

Hp.?^^"?^i , . ami iiiiK' liniiiiiiatrd by llu' l.ii-lll. 

CioMiiuir ill Coiiiii il, ciTlaiii ex (ijlido 
lilrlllhi'ls, till' Milli^l^.■|• III' ICillliatioll, 
the l'rc»i<UiU <il L'liiversity {'(illcgc, 
ri'|iri'stiitaliMs of tin- Law Society, llio SilidoK, .1111! tlu' urailiiatcs in 
Arts. Miiliciiu' and l..i\v, the altilialt'd 
diiniiniii.iticiiial ( '(illcjji'S, and tlir lli^li 
Silidul masters, twn iiieinliers dC tlu- 
Cdimcil dl' L'ni\crsity Cdlli'fie, and all 
Idriiur ( 'li.iiicilldrs and Mie-Clianccl- 
Idrs, (■dn\dialidn (oiisists of the 
fiiadiiates in the several faeiilties. liy 
the L'niversily l-'ederation Act, of iS.S;, 
the University I'linctidiis df instriictidii 
have been revived in iiidsl liranches ol 
study in the l''aciilties of .\rts, l,;i\vand 
Medicine; and the iirdlessors and lec- 
turers in Arts and Science have, with a 
lew exceplions, lieeil reorganised into 
a teachinj< (acuity in the L'niversily. 
Thi.^ r.ii iilty consists ol' liie President, 
nine professors, six fellows and two lee- 
Ke:>ii>knci- 01 Mk. TiidMA> W. Ii\A-., W iiiMH; mi;iii. tiirers in .Arts; three professors and 

nine hdiidiarv lecturers in Law ; and eii;htecn professdrs, fdintccn Ici Hirers, dcin^instratdrs. assistant-deiiidiistratdrs. and 

instruitors in .Medicine. liesides the faculty of I'drdiild riii\e:sit>, I'niversity College has a l''aciill\ Cdiisisting dl the 

President, three professors, seven leettirers. and two —- — — -,^ 

fellows; with a separate Corporation, consistin,.; of the .^ ' '-^ ^ ~" ^ 

President and five professors. The present Chan 

cellor is the Hon. Kihvard lilake, (,).('.. 1,1 .11.. MP.. 

;iiid the Xice-Presideiit is Mr. \\'illiain Muloik. M..\., 

IJ.C. M.P. The President of the L'niversity is Sir 

Daniel Wilson, 1.1..1)., who. in iSSi. siicieeded its 

long-time head, the l;ite Rev. Dr. joliii Mc(';iul. Mr. 

H. H. Langton, 1!..\., is Kegistnir, ;ind Prof, .\lfied 

Haker, M..\., is l)e;in of Residence. 

" No place in (';inada so fonilily reminds \\w 

of Oxford as Trinity," observes Professor (ioldwin 

Smith, in spe.-iking of I'RiNirv CMViksirv, foui'ded 

in 1X51, under a Provincial .Act by the late liishop 

Strach;in, as a Clum h L'niversily and College, liy 

the provisions of the Royal (Charter (.July i.^ilh, 1S52) 

the government of the L'niversity is vested in a i or 

poratioii, composed of ( 1 ) the liishops of the live 

Dioceses of the Province (Toronto, Huron, Ontario. 

.\lgoma and Niagara) (2), the 'I'rustees (three in luiin- 

ber), and (},) the ( 'ouniil, consisting of the ( 'hancellor 

and ex-ChaiK ellors of the L Diversity, the Provost and 

Professors in .Arts and 1 )ivinity in Trinity (,'ollege ; ( er- 

tain members, nominated by the live Bishops and by 

each .Medical School or College aftiliated to the L'lii 

versily ;and certain members elected by the (Iraduate 

members and .\ssociate members of Convocation. 

("onvocalion consists of the Chancellor (Hon. (ieo. 

Will. Allan, D.C.I..), the Provost (Rev. C. W. K. liody, 

M.A., D.C.I,.), the Professors, all iVL.A.'s, and all (Iraduates in Divinity, Law and Medicine in all, at present, about 500 

members and associate-members. 'The Degrees of ihe L'niversity are open to all [lersons wilhoiit any religious test, except in 




EDUc.iriox jxn /rs />/io/-/;ssoA's. 


llic cnsc iif Drjiivis in Divinity, caiulidatLS for whiili liavi' to sul)s(ril)i.' to curtain dtclarations. T.-inity lias icccivcd, from its 
inii-ption, many gi-niToiis huni'tactions, in the shape ol' kgacics, scliolarships and pri/c liinds, and since- 1SS2 it has largely 

friends of the institution. Of 
iiill, and a new wijig is now 
rinily has been lortlinate in 
and in the Chancellors an(: 
intion. Trinity has attracted 
siihsidiary institutions, such as 
I'ollege for Women, Trinity 
,01(1 repute of the University, 
and Divinity subjects, besides 
the e\ti-nsi\e faculty of I'ro- 
I'acullv of .Music. The Dean 

increased its endowment by the praiseworthy efforts of the authorities and 

late years, a (Convocation Hall and a beautiful College Cha|)el have been 

being completed for the eMeiided uses of the now nourishing University. 

its headships, the I'rovosts Whitakerand Mody, as well as in its zealous founder, 

Vice Chancellors, who have taken an active part in the governing of the insti- 

to it, and in some instanc es has called into existence, a number of aflilialeilor 

Trinity Medical College, Women's .Medical College, St. Hilda's Residentia 

College School for lioys, at I'ort Hope, etc., .dl of which add to the lame 

In the University there are now twelve professors and lecturers in the .\rts 

its lecturers and examiners in l«iw ami other special subjects, together with 

lessors and Lecturers in .Medicine and its allied ..Indies. It has also a 

and Registrar of the University is the Rev. 

Professor Win. Jones, D.C.I,. 

Kmix C(ji i.kci;, the metropolitan 

theological ir.iining-hall ol the Canada 

I'resbyterian Church, was founded in i.S,iO, 

a fi'W years after the Scottish Disruption. 

'The |)resent handsome building on .Spadina 

.\venue (see page ,;2), was erected in 1S75, 

ami is of the (iolhic order of architecture, 

the material being white brick, with dressings 

of cut stone. It has a frontage of 230 feet, 

each of the wings running norlhw.ird about 

150 feet. Tlu' main entranie is surmounted 

by .1 massive tower 130 feel high. The Col- 
lege has numerous lecture rooms and the 

residenci' has acconunod.ition forsevent) live 

students. 'There is also .1 fme libr.iry and 

Convocation Hall. It is governed bv a 

ISo.ud of .Management (appointed, we believe, 

annually by the Ceneral .\ssembly of the 

Church), composed of 34 members, of which 

.Mr. W'm. Mortimer Clark, M..\., isChairman. The Senate consists of the Principal, the Rev. W m. Caven, D.I)., the Professors 

and Lecturers of the College, and a number of gentlemen, clerical and lay, appointed by the (ieiieral Assembly. 'The 'Theo- 
logical course extends over three sessions, 

; — and there is at the disposal of the authori- 

ties a number of valuable prizes and scholar- 
^ ships. Knox College is affiliated with 

'T<ironto University. 

W'm lilt I Coi.i.w;].; (incorporated 
under tlu' name of the Protestant Kpisco|ial 
l>ivinity School) is the theological training- 
hall of the T'.vangelical section of the Church 
of Kngland in Canada. It was founded in 
iSyy, and is affiliated with 'Toronto Univer- 
sity. It has for its aim the imparting of 
sound and comprehensive theologi<al teach- 
ing "in accordance with the distinctive 
principles of ICvangelical truth, as embodied 
in the Thirty-nine .\rticles." The College is 
doing excellent work and is turning out many 
worthy clergymen. Its Principal is the Rev. 
Dr. Sheraton. 

McMastik Umvkrsiiv, situate on 
liloor Street, at the northern limits of (^)ueen's 
Park, is under the immediate control of a 
Hoard of Covernors and a Senate, which are 
ultimately responsible, for the most part, to 

liKO.VIIWAV MkIIIOIM-.! Ta|;;-I;\,Vi IK. 

Rf.siuknck on Coi i.khk .SrKKKT. 


/■:/>(■(■. i/7(>x .i.\/> /IS /•Ko/r.ssoh's. 

till' ll.iptiNl ('(iiUL-miiiii (il Oiil.itid ;uul (,)mliic. TIk' UiilMi^ily iilil;iiiuil ihc liillcsl |mihiis linm llu- l.cnishiliiiv in 1SK5, Mini 
was iiaiiK'd in lioiidiir nl' llii' lali' Suiialur M(M.istiT, nl rcirniilo, wlm 1 uninliuliil lUMrly .1 luillicui nl^ tn il^ liimU. 

riuiv .irc luiir (l^•l),lrlllK■lll^ 111 (iptnitiim : W oikIsKk k Ccillim' (rnundtd liv lIu' laic 
Kt\. I)i. l'\li' at WiMidslnck ill 1S57 a^ '\'W ( aii.iiliaii l.iurarv lii'.litiili', Inr llir 
]iiii|)(iM^ cil' lictlir lili'iaiy and tluolnnic al iii-.lni(liiiii) ; llic Aiaikniii' 1 lt|ianiiK'iU, 
lor li(i\s aad xoiini; nun; MimlKni ( 'i)lli};i', .111 I'dimr Street l-;a>t, loniiito, mgaii 
i/id ill iS.SS a^ an aiailiiiiic (Kpartiiieiit Inr tlie cdiii atiiiii of yuiiiin ladies; 

I'liniiilo liaptist ( 'iillene. iirnaiii/ed in iSHi, 
lor die piir|Hi-.e^ uf llieiilnnical ediieatiiin ; 
and the Arts' Ciillege. iirgani/ed in iSyo. 
I'iie'-i' tw(i latter departments an' at present 
(diidiieted in MeMaster Hall. liliMir Street 
West, rnr<int(i. 'I'lie eliarter re(|iiires t'nal 
MeMaster shall be a Chrislian L'lli\er^ity, 
iiul that tlie llilile shall lie a le\t-li(M>k in all 
its dc|)artnients, all the professors, iii.istirs 
and teaehers lieiiig nieinliers in good standinn 
of ev.mnelieal eliiin lies. 'There is a principal 
and six masters at Woddsluek. The ecpiip 
ment fur I'ainlish, Classieal, Seientifie and 
Mcidern iiistnietion isetlieieiil, and .1 Manual 
Tiainiiif; deparlineiil has recently lieeii 
i/ed in iipimeciiiiii with llu- ( 'iillene the lirst 
in C.inada. Mniiltoii 1 .adies' ( 'ollege a 
st.ilf 111 seven te.ii hers, liesides iiisti ac- 
tors ill music .ind painting, .md provides resi 
deuce also for those of its niatriiiilanls who 
111. i\ enter the MeMaster .Arts' Department. 

Wkmkrn CovciKK^.MhiNAi I 101 M v M N \ .\MNrK. Tunpiilo l!a|.list ('^e has the largest staff 

of any theolonical dep.irlnieiu in the I loininioii nf Cin.Hl.i. and die fee eiilly opened .\rt>' Dep.ntment isadoiiMUly eMiiippi--il 
for its work. The staff of the kitter deparlmeiil will shortly lie increased, iiiitil ample provision is iii.ide for the work of the 
University in its regular and honour courses. McMastir University is a self siiflicienl and independent institution. It has 
enlereil the field of the higher ediKatioii 

under the stimulus of the highest Christian 
aims, with the avowed purpose of promot- 
ing exact and liroad scholarship and sound 
discipline with a view to character and 
servile. It will, we doulit not. comniand 
from the pulilic at large, as well as from 
the liaptist deiioiiiination, the fullest 
opportnnites for the development of its 

Si. .\li( ii.\i:i.'.s Coi.i.i.i.K was 
established in 1S52, under the patronage 
of the .Most Rev. I )r. 1 )e( 'harbonnel, then 
Roman ('atholic Ijishop of loronto, by 
the liasilian 1-atliers, of .\niioiiay. h'rance. 
The college buildings were erecte<l in i .S56, 
and have of late years been considerably 
e.xteiided. anil a chapel has been added to 
the eiiuipments of the institution. St. 
Michael's was in 1881 affiliated with the 
Provincial University, and has a large and 
efficient leaching faculty. 

Ui'i'Kk C.vN.Mi.v Coil 1.1. K, under 
the able I'rincipalshipof Mr. Ceorge Dick 
son, .M..\., maintains the high record and 
honourable repute of this old hislorii' school 
grounds, beautifully situated in the northern suburbs of the city. 


Kksiiiksi K. 01 .Mr. Ki ias lioc^ms, Iikkr I'.vrk 
It is soon to remove from its long-time site, on King Street West, to sp-icious 


handsome pile of buildings has been erected by the 

r: />(■(■. I r/o.v .i.v/) /rs r,\'o/r.ssons. 


Priivin(i:il (iovcrnmi'nl for its ii>f, jiid il iii.i) silrly Ik- |iri(liiiiil tli:it it wi 
til lt> well udii liiiiKiiirs ;\m\ trjilltiiiiKil l.niu'. 
Ilir I'rdvinii', iiiiim llu' inoilil (if thr gn-.n 
I'lihlic ScIkmiIs of l'',ii;l.iiiil. It li.i> liiid .1 
l(iii;;.iiiil iiitiiM. I If 11)11111(1 inn » il h tin- 
iijtioiKil iiiiiMoity. :mil Inrii niiinliir dl' mmi>. 
wiis imdiT its iiclministnition. Il i^ now nov- 
iTMi'il liy .1 (if Tnistn's (df whicli 
iIk' lldii. Jdliii iiiMTlcy KdliiiiMiii. V,\ 
l.iriil. ( idVLi'iior iil ( )iilarid. is rliMinii,iM|, 
a|i|idintt'il liv till' I'rds iiK 1,1 1 I'.mi ut i\ f. 
Ri'ci'ntK its iiiiidwiiunt Millin-cl M llir 
hiilids dl" the OiU.irid I .ruishiuirc, :iM .lit dl 
spoliation as pirildiis as it was witlimit war- 
rant. Siirtiiifiil, hdWiMT, lias hucii scciirrd 
Id it to iiisiiif its cdiiliiiiud lifr and 
ai tnily. 

Tin- I'liKliN hi \iiU\l M Si lliiiil . 

liiiiKr thr rriiiii|i,dslii|i nl Mr. 
Kirkland, M..\., is an instiuitiiin disi^mil 
for the trainiii}' of tiarlirrs, as a part of llu' 
rniviniial system df idiiralinn. It was 
riiiindfd in ICS4; at the instaiiie dl" the late 
Rev. Dr. Ryerson, Cliiel SiiperiiUeiideiit nl 
I'aliieatidii, and at I'lrst held its sessiiiiis in 
the I' lOihir.itidii I )ep.uliiieiil, liiit 
in icS5,S was ir.iiisl'erred In its present luiine. 

iiiitiniie Id ^d ddwii the a^es, adding year tiy year 
riie ( 'dilep' was riiinided in iSjij hy Sir Jdliii Cdllidriie, l.ieliteiianl-t IdVeriidr of 


UfsIIIKM K 01 .\IK. W.V. M ASsI V, jAkVI . SlKIKI. 

The work perldrined 1)\ the sihoiil is lar^ieK pnilessinnal. the I'mirse nl sliidies ednsislin;; nl the llisldry and Seieiire dl I'.diiea- 
tidi), the I'riiiriples and I'raetiee df I'earliinj;, SehiiiiM )riianiAilidii aiiil .Management, lii^ether with instniitidn in lOn^lish. 
Hygiene. (Iiemistry, I'hvsies, Drawing, Xiieal .Miisir, ( 'alistlieiiies. I )rill, ete. Its students have the advantage iil' study and 
pr.ii tire ill the elass-work (if the adjdininj; .Model Sehnnl. 

Dr. Thenddre II. kaiid. I'mlessdr iif l-'.duealinn .mil laliiis in MeM.ister lni\ersity, was hum at {Jiirnwallis, N'liva 
Scdtia, in 1X55. .Mter .1 prepaialiirv 1 iiiirse in the piililir si hnnls ,md ,it Hurtdii ( 'dlle},'iate .\eadciiiy, he cnlercd .Vcadia {!ollenf, 
iVdin wliii h he jiradiiated in .\rts in iSdo. .M'ter leaching fur ,1 time he was appiiinted tii the ehair iil" ICnglish and ('lassies in 
the I'rnviiieial N'iirm,il Seliool, at 'rniri). Here he g.ive himself In the work with the zeal and enthusiasm wliiih Ikvc marked 

his siihseqiienl 1 areer. lie tnok an active 
part in the preiiaratiiin nf the l-'ree Schiiol 
.\i I df 1.S64, which wTdiight a great reform 
in the I'lihlic School system of Nova Sciitia, 
and was siiliseiiuently 111, ide I' 
Siipirintendeiit of Education, His task was 
for a time an arduous one, for at first die 
.\et was misunderstdoil and consei|uently 
unpopular. Sulisequently, however, all diffi- 
(ulties were overcome, and Mr. Rand, in 
iiSji, felt free to take up similar work in 
New Hrunsttick, where he hail accepted the 
ottice of Su|ieriiitendent of I'.ducalion for the 
I'rovii. 'e. Here again he was eminently suc- 
cessful. Vriif. Rand whi) had in 1.S64 
received his .M..\. in course, and in 1874 the 
degree of D.C.I... causa //o/wm resigned his 
Provincial office in 1883 to accept the chair 
of lalucation and History in .\catlia College. 
Here he remained till 1885, when he removed 
to 'rorontd, to take the chair of Apologetics 
and I )idacli( s in .Mc.Master Hall. After a 
year spent in this work he consented, at the 
.solicitation of (he late Senator .Mc.Master and others, to assume the Priiicipalship of the llaptist C^ollege at Woodstock. He 
dis< harged the duties of this [losition until 18S8, when he returned to the work in McMaster Hall, which had been reorganized. 

Uksiiikm K 111 .Mr A. W. Doiin, Iunn .\vkmf.. 

/:/)(\\tiio\ .i.\7> /rs /'A'(U/:s.S(>A\s. 

1,SS() 1)0. »lii( li iiikT 

I'Uol. I. II. 

[>A l. 

I'KOl . lAMl^ I.iHliwiS, \I.A. 

i\iul,l)\ All III r.irli.iMu III. iMiMii In llir ol .1 iiMlMisilv. iinilcr llu- IiIhimI iMilnuiiuiii Ihi|Ik.iiIu'iI Ii\ Scn.iioi M. M.i^icr. 
Tlir Tdniiitd and WuikNiik k ('(ilKt;i> lnr.uiu' 1 (inslitikiii p.iil-- nl llu- lnnui>ity. Tlu' Cdlli-gc, 

_ MlU'd luldlr lllr ii|nMini; nl lllc .\rl> 

I (li'|i.irtiiiiiil cilllic L'\, in «liiili In- 

[ li.ul lii'in ili">igii,ilt(l as I'rotVswir of I'.dii 

r' iMlidii and IClliics, l)r. Rami spriit in 

I'.nnland, wliilluT ho had ^(1111- lor |nir|"iMs 

nl sUidv and (ili>oi\aliiiii in cciniurlidn 

"ilh iiniviisilv wnik. Ili' has 111 iw ii'tiiriU'd, 

hiiHiMi-, anil is .HtiMJy iiif^a.ui'd in tin- 

diilu's 111 liii rniri-ssiirshiji in lIu' Ails' 

I lr|iailininl in llit' nrwiy (i|iiiU(l ('cilli.ui' 

and as Cliainnan i>( the haiullv. 

I'riilVssiir Jaiiu-s Ldiidciii, M.A., 

I'. K.S.C, lIu' UariK'd I'mlissdrdl I'hysiis 

in rnninld IniMisiiv, is a naliM' ol Tdi' 

diUd and «as linrn luiv in ihr )nar i.S.|i. 

lie was idiicauil al IjiiKT Canada Cnl 

K(;c. and at ihc I'niwrsily nl' Tdrdnld. nf 

uhicii III- is a dislinnuishi'd hdiidiir man 

in M.ithLinaliis, and f;radiiaU'. Ik-isalsn 

.111 M..\.. and I'lir a tinu' Dciii of 

n.iliiin.d iiisiiuilidii : a iiuanluT nf tlu' 
Si'iiaU- ; .md I'mlisMir nl I'livsits in tlu- liiiMrsily. llu is a nu-inl)i.-i- nl' st-M-ral li.inu-d Imdii-s, an tiiiiiu-nt s|iL-iialisl in his 
di.-|urtim-nt. .md .m i-\|ii-ri ami lucid demonstrator, rrolossoi- LoiidoM is a l-'i-llow nl' llu- Royal Siniily dl' and an 
cnllnisi.istic ( ■ In i(lif;ioii. lu- i- a iiu-iiiIkt of Iho 1'ri.sliyUrian Cluinh. 

rriili-sMir ( 'h.irlis ( '.ir|iiii.u I. M.A.. T. R.S.C, l)iri-(-lor of ihc .\lai;iu-lir ( )list-rvatory, Toroiilo. and ol" llu- Mi.-U'orolo};i(al 
."siTMi I- of tlu- liominion. was horn 111 1.S46, at Sin-alli.iin Hill. Siirrt-y. |-aii,'l.inil. lU- was cdiiialcd al ( 'l.i|)hain ('■raminar 
School, and at St. Job I ■ ( djli-gi-, t'ainliridj;i-. .\l tlu- lalk-r iiislilution his sliidics were (hiclly those coniuctcd with Natural 
ami K\|XTiiiU'iital Scji-m-c. incliidiH); ihemislry, |)hvsi<-s .mil in.illunialics. While at ( 'ollcgc he won a miiidr si-holarship and 
a foundation scholarship, and graduated si\!li wrangler. In iS;o. he was elected a l-'ellow of his ('ollej;e. In llu- s.inu- \ear 
he was attached to the l>rili-h |-'.cli|ise K\|K-ditioii to Spain, and al l-",stepoiia, thirty live miles from ( iihiallar. look a spei tro 
S(-opi<- oliserx.ition of the ( 'orona. ( (wing, howe\er, to uiifavouralile weather, ihe observation was not successful. Comiu}; 
thereafter Id ( 'anada. I'rolessdr < 'arpmael was in 1X72 appointed Deputy SuperinleiuleiU of the .Mete iroliijjical Ser\ici.- of the 
Dominion, ami. eij^hl years later. Director ol the Maj;iietic Oliservatory and Superinlendent of the .Meteorological Ser\ice. 
Iioth of whi( h posts he still al>ly tills. He is also I'residenl of the Canadian Institute, loronto, and was, in iSSri, I'lesideiit of 
the Science Seilion nf the Rinal Suciety df (' 

Mr. Ceorj^e Dickson. M..\., I'rim ipal of I'pper Canada College, was liorn of Scotch extraction in .Markham Township, 
Co. Nork, in 1.S46. l-or nearly a i|uarler of a century he has been identified with educational luirsiiits and has had n'eal 

experience as a teacher. He was himsell 

educated at the Richmond Hill, M.irk- 

ham, and W'hitliy Ciraniiiiar Sihools, and 

at 'I'oronlo and \'ictoria Universities. .\t 

the former I'niversity he inalricnl.iled with 

honours, and ,it the latter lu- graduated 

with honours. In iHfid he began his career 

as a teacher in the Township of King. 

where we first recogni/e .Mr. Dickson's 

special aptitude for educational w-ork, for. 

as the result of tw-o years' labours in King 

Township, twelve of his pupils obtained 

first-class certificates. In iSri.S, Mr. Dick- 
son was appointed mathematical master in 

ihe (h.itliam Cirammar School, and from 

there passed, for a year, to the Woodstock 

Literary Institute, where he had charge of 

the University class in Knglish, mathe- 
matics, classics and history. In 1872, he 

acaepted the assistant-mastership of the 

Collegiate Institute, Hamilton, and in the 1'kincii-ai. Gkoki^k. Du .m.a. 

/■/>/■(■. ir/<>\ ix/) /r.s /'A'(>//:s.S()A's. 


follcpwiiiH yiiir, (111 llic j|>|Mpinliiuiil ol Mr, J. M. Ilm liiri (Hif llcidiiKiMn ) Id .1 llij^li S( Ikj.iI In-<|H<icirslii|i, Mr. Dickvpii sue 

(Wilnl III till' |)iPhitiiili. Iliri' 111' LilMiliri'il will) nn-M siinvss frnm iS;,? lo iSS^, iIr. |i|.,iiiiMr l.ikinn lii^iluM r.iiik imioMn llii- 

MTiiiiil;!,) M liiioK (il till' I'riiM'iiiv, .111(1 wiiiiiiiin ii|MiU liir llic inliiiMimMl^ III it^ |Mi|iiU al llu- I li | lA.iiiiiiKiliinw 

and tin- Malririil.ilidiisiil llu' I'liivcrsilii-s. 

Siirli was llu' I'.inic ol ihc srlnMil iiiiiUr il>. 

i'\|KTiciiiiil ailiiiiiiistraliir, llial llu- atlind 

am !■ niM' williiii his ri'^iiui- froni 2,^^o |iii|>iU 

to cliiM- ii|iiiii six liiindrid. Williiii Uii 

years cil Mr. Iliiksim's a|i|iiiiiiliiKril, im 

kss than 175 (if his |iii|iils passed ihc 

I'liiversiiy f\aiiiiiKiliiiiis and niiiiUcn 

schiiliirships Hell- awarded thelii. The 

I )e| I'.vaniiiiatiiins show like 

UralilV. -(^ resnlls. hnini iSSo lo i.SS^. m 

aildiliiiii Id liis onerous duties as rrinri 

pal of the ( 'olleniate liislilnle, .Mr. I )i( kson 

had ( harge of the ornani/alion and man 

aneiiunt of the sehool system ol the Citv 

III' Hamilton, lie also organi/eil and was I'residenl of the Hamilton Teai hers' 

As.socialion. In iSSq. .Mr. Diikson 

appoinlid li\ till- ( )nl.irio ( loverniiuiu to 

the I'rineipalsliip ol I'pper Canada Col 

le(;e, whieh position he eontiiuies to lill 

with iiuieli stieeess. In this new sphere 

I'riniipal Hiekson's powers ol' ornani/a- 

tion, piod diseipline. and thoroiii;h 

lilisiiiess like administralion, eoinliiiied 

with his all round seliolarship, line leai h 

inn aliilily, and the laeiilty of iniluiing 

students with love of their work, soon 

llianil'ested themselves and ,i;a\e a new 

impetus to the old historic school ol the I'rminee. I'lider his man,ij;enicnl. not only has the ( 'ollene continued to lloiirish, lint 

it has done im reasiiii;ly j^ood work, as yearly University honours prove, and passed tliroii^;li a crisis in its history which under 

a vijiorous administration would |irolialily have lieeii its doom. I' I )iekson is a iiiemlier ol' the Senate of Kno\ 

College, and was also on die Senate of Toronto I'niversitv. In politics, he is a Kel'ormer; in relij;ion. a Presbyterian. 

Mr. .Xrchihald MacMnnhy, M..\., Rector of the Collegiate Institute, and I'.ditor of the CiiihuUi Editctitional Monthly, 

was liorn of Highland Sidltish parentage al Stewart field, .\rgyleshire, and when quite young came with his parents to Canada. 

Here he ( ontinued his eduiation and at the same time taught school, until 1.S54, when he look a course al the Normal School, 

Toronto, .\lier receiving his certiliiMte, he engaged as a master in the I'rovineial 
.Model School, while taking his undergraduale course at the University of 'Toronto. 
Throughout ihe latter course, Mr. Mac.Murciiy was a lirst-elass honour man in 
inathematics, ICnglish, Trench, and the Sciences, and graduated with honours and 
a medal. ( )n graduating, he devoted himself lo his life-work as an educator, his 
high academic standing, ability as a teacher, and sterling character, serving him in 
good stead. In iiSjS, he w..s appointed mathematical master at the 'Toronto 
(Irammar Sehool (now the Collegiate Institute), and in 1872 succeeded lo the 
Rectorship. .\s the head, for now nearly twenty years, of this excellent institution, 
Mr. MacMunhy has not only earned for it a high and honouralile repute, hut has 
lieeii able to turn out thousands of young men who, in numberless walks of life, 
have made or are making their mark in the Dominion. ' lis enthusiastic interest 
in his profession is shown also in his able editorshio of the Canada Ediuaiioiial 
Moiillily : and as the author, in his own department of mathematics, he has won 
deserved fame. .Mr. Mae.Murchy was for years a member of the Senate of Toronto 
Universilv, an active worker and sometiine President of the Ontario Teachers' .\sso- 
cialion. In religion, he is a I'resbyterian, loyal to the traditions of the Old Kirk 
section of that bodv ; in politics, he is a slatmch Conservative. 

The life of the |)rofessional man, whatever may be his spe( iaily, does not 
offer, as a rule, any great variely of incident. Particularly is this the case with the 
College Don or the more humble educator. His habits as a student and scholar 

Kksihi nck 01 Mil. \. \. .\, Siikuiuichnk SruiKr. 


I'.' I 

/:/>/ 1 .i//(>\ .i.\7> //'.s /•AV'//;.v.S(»/v'.v. 

M K. [ollN \1 \k 1 I \M 

lllii;l III-' I'li'lil III .i< iinii. ihiiii^li. Ill l,l^lllllllln^ till' iiiU'lIn I .Hill i li.ii.irUi nl \iiiilli. .i:i>'.il iii.iv lir llit I'lrlil nl Ills iiilliii In r. In 

c iHiiiii luiii Hiili idiir.iiioii Ml llif 1 in, tiiiif M'.irciiy luvli ;i liilliT kniinii lii.iii, m niu' hIhi Inr a liiinlliriKii iiriiod liii-- la-iil 

a iiiiiiv iin|iiirlniit pnsilidii, lli.iii Mr Inhii M.iiiLiinl, M. A., iiiie nl llii' tiidcst iiiiisli rs iil 
I'lUK-r ( '.iii.icj.i Cnllim'. Inr ,1 .|ii.irlir nf .i niiiiir\ lu' li.i>. Ikim Ki'siilcntv MisUr 
in liisliirlr iioliuilinii, and Imlli in llic linardiii); llntist' and in llu' Ciillip ilass 
riHini-< has luin linmi^ht inio InllMiali' and daily riin'.ail »illia giiirratiiin i>l i anadlan 
yiinlli. Ills inlliirnri.' lias cvrr liivn luiit lii ml and many iiwi' In liiin a lilt- Imi); iltlil. 
Ilaviii^ liiniM'H luvii i-diicatfil at an Iji^lisli I'lililii Srliiml and an I'.nnlish I'niMrsily, 
tlu' tradiiiiiMs III liiilii naliirally clini^ tn him. and liccaini' his inniU'K, as ti> M'hiil,irshi|i 
,!■ "ill .IS 111 |H'rsiiii,il haliils and diliii'.iiiiiiir. Inr tlw training; (il'dinsr imdir him. In 
till' Mii-ii'ss nl his iiulhiids tluir .in m.iny In tislih . » liilr .iiiiniif; iild ( 'nlli^r hn\ s 
tisiiiiiniiy is as warm .iiid riii|ih.ili( in [iraisr nl tin- i|nalitii's nl ihf in. in. \lr. was linrn at lil.irkliiini, I .ancashiri, .\ii,i;iist .-(ilh, i.'ijS. (lis latlur. wlin .1 iiiidiral in.iii and a Maj;istr.ili' nl' llu- niimly, siMil him Inr his iihii-.ilinn lirst in 
Ihi' lllai kliiirn ( Silmnl, and .illiTw.irds tnawrllknnwii N'nrtli nl' laij^land 
sihnni Si'dlicrnh. in \\ I'stmnrrl.iiid. Irniii llu- l.aur lu- p.issrd, as luad linv, tn 
( )\lnrd I'niMTsity, Hluri' hi' ii.iiiu'd .i ,{.70 sihnl.irshi|), Itiialilr Inr li\i- vrars, .it 
(Jniin's ( 'nlli-ni-, Ills lulnrs linn^ ilic pn-Miii Airhliishnp of N'nrk, and .Mr 
a rarr and an I'.ditnr 
ol' I )i'mnsthiiii's. Ill 1S52, hi' uradii.i- 
li'd with a Pass di'j.;ri-c, ilhii-ss havilij; 
pri'M'iiiid Ilim frnm taking Imnnnrs. 
.Mkr li'.niiii; ( Ixlnid, Mr. Martl.iiul 

travi-lli'd cnnsidi'ralil), .iiid while in I'.iinl.ind mailud pupils Inr llir rnivi'isiiiis 

and till' .\rmy. Tlirniigh thi' inlhii'iui' nl tin- rainilx nl niu- nl his pupils, hi' 

was given k'Ui-rs nf iiilmdiKiinn to Sir iMlnuind Ik-ad. then ('mvirnnrC li'iural 

(if Canada, and rami' tn .Mnnlrcal in 1.S60. l-'nr Iwn years he acted as Keitnr's 

assistant in the High Selinol. .Mnnlreal, and <in the resignalinn, in 1S62, nf ilu- 

Kev. Dr. .Seadding, he was apiminled t(i a mastership in L'pper Canada C 

lege, and at onee entered upnn 

his duties. I'wn years afterwards, 

he was entrusted with the (harge 

nf the Cnllege llnarding Ilnuse. 

and sinie then has lieeii largely 

instrnmental, under siiecessive 

Principals, in giving character tn 

ti.e College Residence as well as 

to the Cnllege itself. 'There is not 

a profession, and hardly a county 

in the l)ominion, in which there 

are not College hoys who know 

and venerate the name of Mr. 

John Martland. Classical learn- 
ing, if it could speak, would have 

also much to say for his warm in- 
terest, and thai of his colleague 

Mr. Wedd, in all that has tended 

to its advani eiiient in Canada. 
.Mr. I.utlier l-;dmiiiid 

Kinhree, .M. .\., Headmaster of 

the I'arkdale Collegiate Institute, 

Toronto, was liorn in Xova Scotia 

in 1S44, and (-ame to this Prov- 
ince in 1X62. Designing to follow 

teai-hing as a profession, he be- 
gan his career in .1 public school 

in Co. Peel, and taught there for 

five years. In 187 1, he entered 


r/>r<:ir/<>\ iv/> /rs /■/,•( v/;.s.svv.'.v. 

'rnniiitii ^llj\<'r^il\, winning a ilmililr s( licil.iiiliip in ihissirs ami ^iinial |>ri) 
I'll ii'iiry. At liii Mriitid vcar's i'\ainiiMli(iM lir wmi llii- \,\\\w Iwii m li(ilarshj|is, 
aililiii^ III his liiiiiiiiirs tin i lavsiral |irl/(' nl llir \r.ii. In |S;; lu hi'iainr assistant 
iii.isirr in tlir rornnlii ( 'iillfniato liisliliili'. Imt icmlimnil llu' lanKiia(,'r rmirsi' in 
llii' I'iiimimU. anil );railiial('(l as a iniilallist in niuilrrn lan^iiaj^is in 1K75. Tlir 
lulliiHinn uar lif was a|>|Hiintril I'rini iiC llir ^■annnlltll Scniinarv. in \ii\,i 
Siiiiia, ami ri'inaini'd in lliat pusiliiin Inr liiur yrars, wlim lie nturmd lo (tntarin, 
ami Ironi iSSo In iSSS was sin icssivrlv lifailinasUr nl' llii' Stratlimy llii;li Srlinui 
ami llir Wliitliy ( 'nlli'j;iatc' rnstitlltc. Inn years a^ii. Iir iniiMil llii .i|i|ininlniint 
III riinri|ial III tilt' I'arkil.ik' ( 'iillc^iatc Instituir, wliirli nmlrr liis ailniinistratiiin 
has lakiMi liinh rank ainimn Ihf si'i unilary srhnuls nl ihr I'mvinci', ,\m\ attainid a 
siiiciss that is ahmist |)lun(innnal. In |HS.(. Mr. lanlirii was oiir nl a rninniiltii- 
111 thriT a|i|iiiiiitril liy the laliir.ilinn I >i|iarlniinl nl' iln' I'rnvimi.' In |iri|iari' tin 
|irisiiit srrii's III Otitarin Srhnnl Kiailcrs. a work Inr wliiih I'rini i|ial lanlircr hail 
high lili-rary ami prnlVssinnal i|iiahniatiiin>. He Imlils advanrcd vii-ws in i-diira 
tiniial inattrrs and lakrs an inthiisiaslir interest in all that pertains to ihe well 
lieini; and advaneeiiieiil nl his priil'essinn. Mr. ICliihree is .in .letive nienilier nl the 

Senate (if the L'niversilv nl' riininln. In 

I'KIM ll'AI KlKKI AMI, M..\. 

wliiih he has lieen three times eleited. 
as the representative nil that lindy nl 
the lliuli .Sihnnl .Masters nf tile I'rnv- 
inie. Mr. I'aiihree lielnii(;s tn the Melhndist iliiinniinatinn. 

Mr. Thnnias Kirkl.iml, .M..\.. I' nt'llu' Si linnl. Tniniitn, was 
linrn in the ( 'nimtv nl' .\niia^;li, liel.ind. .\ii|iiisl i.;tli. iS,i5. .M'ler reieiving his 
e.irlv edlii.itinn ill his native parish, and ,it the Selinnl, lliihlin, he toiik a 
eniirse ill aurietdtiire at the .\lliert .\nrii iilliiral Trainiii}; liistitiuinii, at 
('ilasiuvin. and then entered (.Uieen's ( 'nlle};e, liell'.ist, as a student nl ei\il en^;ineer- 
ing. W liile in I liili''n, desij;iiinn tn gn alirnad Inr his health, .Mr. Kirklanil allrai ted 
the notice ol .Vrchliishnp Whatoly, then ( 'hairman nl the ( 'oiniiiissioners nf National 
I'.diieatinn in Ireland, who gave him a letter nl intrndiirtinn tn the Rev. Dr. 
K\ersnn. In i,S54, Mr. Kirklaml prnneded tn I lere he devnted himself 
tn edlii.itinn as his life's wnrk. and t.iiinht sehnnl suieessively at ( )shawa, Whithy 
.mil liarrie. He then spent three years at the University of I'orontn, winning a 
SI hnl.irship in .M.ilheinatii s and Imnnnrs in all siilijeits. 1-rnm T,Sf),^ till 1.S71, he 
was I'nni ipal nf the High Sihnnl al Whilliv, and in the latter year was selected liy 
Mr. Kvirsnii tn hll the pnsitinii nf Science master in the Normal School, 'i'oronlo. 
This chair he held until i,S,S4. when nn the rosignatinii of the Kev. Dr. Davies, he 
became i'rincipal. Mr. Kirkland is an 
eminent mathematician and a successful 

educatiniiisl. lie was nne nf the hrsi 
elei tive niemliers of the Senate nf 'I ni 
niitn I'liiversity, and is alsn a meinlier of the Senate of Knox < 'ntlege. I'nr ten 
years he ni cupied the chair nf ' 'hemistry and Physics in Trinity Medical Sihnnl 
and was a lecturer nn .Mr. Kirkland is the author of a luimlier nf well- 
knnwn mathematical wnrks and nf a wnrk on Statics, authori/ed hythe Department 
of ICihicatinn Inr ( )iUario. In religinn, I'rincipal Kirkland is a I'resliyterian, and a 
Directnr nf the I'pper ( 'anada Itilile Snciety. 

Mr. lames .\, .Mi l.ellan, .M..\., I.1..D., Director nf Teachers' Institutes in 
Ontarin, was linrn in Nnva .Scniia in 1S5;. His p.ireiits remnved tn this I'rnvince 
in 1S57, and his linylinnd was spent al 'riiornhiil. In that village, at X'iclnria 
Cnllege, Cnliourg, and at Tiironto L'niversity he was educated, the while devoting 
him.self, in the intervals of his study, to teaching. During his L'niversity career, 
he was the wiiuier of first-class honours, chielly in mathematics and metaphysics, 
the recipient of two medals, ami a general-prol'iciencv schnlarship. In I.S;,;, he 
wrote for his M..\. degree, and snniewhal later ohtained from 'I'oronlo Universitv 
the degree of 1. 1.. I). In his Normal School professional course ho also stood high, 
anA completed it liy nhtainiiig a first-class ((Iraile .\) certificate. I'nr a time Dr. 
Mcl.ellan taught in the Whitliy High .ScIkmI, in L'pper Canada College, and in 
1864 was rrincijwl of the Yarmouth Seminary, Nnva Scotia. In 1S71, he was 

Dk. T. -M. MACLNrVKE. 

1 -jc, 

/■:/nc.iT/o.\' .ixn /rs /•auu/c.ssoa's. 

'MAII Kin KN." KKSIUKNCI ill Ml;. A. M. Cosiiv. 

a|ipniiUi.(l liy the Oiitaiio l'Alii<;itioii:il Di'iurlnicul, l1l^|n.■(i()|■ nl lliuli Si IhkiIs. ;im(I lor lonj^ lias served mi llu' (i' Com- 
iiiitUr, (ir Advisory Hoard of llic Miiiistir of ICilucaiioii lor llic I'roviin i-. In these posts. Dr. Mrlx^'llan |ierlormed a lai;;o 

aiiioiinl of hard work and, .is the alilesi of 
I de|)artiiieiital experts, (ll<l iiuirli to advaiiee 

cdiKalioiial inlerests in Ontario. In iSS,!, he 
was made Director of N'orinal .Sihools. and 
siilise(|iiently I )ire('tor of Teailurs' Institutes, 
in which positions he has reiidere<l hij;li 
service in (|iiickenin(,' the professional mind, 
in liroadening the field of stud), and mould 
iiiLt piililic opinion on national ediiialion. 
I )r. .Mil .ellan's great gifts as a inatliematici.m 
are well known and appreciated throughout 
( anada, and his many valualile works on his 
favourite subject have also lirought him into 
note in the L'niled States and in the Old 
World. He is the author, also, of a work 
on " .\pplied Psychology: .\n Introduction 
to the Principles and Practice of I'.ducation," 
which has met with warm approval as one 
of tlie most important works on educational 
psychology in the I'aiglish language. 

.Mr. r. .M. .Macintyre, M..\., I.i..l!., 
Ph. I)., Principal of the Presbyterian Ladies' 
College, ISIoor Street W'osi, was horn in 
1S41 in the rownsl'i[) of Orforil. ( 'o. Kent. ( )nt. .\fter recei\ing liis preliminary education in his native comity, he continued 
his studii the W'ardsville (Iraniiiiar School, and in 18(14 entered .Mhert College, graduating in .\rts in that institulion and 
suliseiiuently liecoming Professor of .Mathematics in the College. Later on, he liecaine, successively, headmaster in the High 
Schools of liowmanville and Ingersoll, and in 1S7S removed to liranlford. on his appoinliiient to the Principalship of the Pres- 
liyterian Ladies' ( 'ollege in that city. In 1S7.S. he olitaineil his degree ol I.I..1!., and afterw.irds that of Doctor of Philosophy. 
L'lider his adniinisiration, the liraiitford Ladies' College liecame favouralily known for its elevated standard and the thorough- 
ness of its work in the higher education of women. When 'roronto Universitv made provision for the holding of local e\aiili- 
nations for women. Dr. .Macinlvie secured for the College the advantages so wisely alforded. Me has always taken a deep 
interest in the educational i|uestioiis of the day and lieen a strong advocate of a Provincial L'niiersity, with federated lolleges, 
comliining and preserving liolh State and denominational interests. Dr. Macintyre is a widely read student, chiefly in l'",nglish, 
history, and philosophy, and has won a reputation as a public lecturer on historical and cognate subjects, .\fter having been in 

charge of the lir.mtford Ladies' ( 'ollege for ele\eii years, Dr. .Macintvre removed to 

'roronto, in iS8i^, and purchased the Richard Institute, Itloor Street West, where he 
established the Presbyterian Ladies' College. The first year, having met with grati 
fying success, it was found necessary to enlarge the aicommodation and incre.ise the 
facilities of the institution. 'I'his was done by the erection of considerable aiklilions 
to the College, suitable for lecture halls, an studios, and rooms for residence. In all 
respects, the institution is now admii.ibly ei|uipped for its work. 

.Mr. I'reilerick lit,d'ayne .Manley, M..\., .\djiitant of the Koyal (Irenadiers, is 
of ICnglish birth, being born in the County of Devon, Dec. i.^th, 1H52. .\t an early 
age he came to loronto. The winning of a public school schoarship enabled him 
to .tttenil the roronto (Irammar School, from which he passed to the Toronto Uni- 
versity, and carried off the highest honours, graduating in .\rts, in 1H74, a medallist 
with first (lass honours in nialluniatics. In the s.iiiie year he was appointed master 
of the preparatorx form in the Toriinto Collegiate Institute, and was soon promoted to 
the assistant inastershiii in matheiiiatii s. Since the reorganisation of the Royal ( irena- 
diers, Captain .Manley has been continui iisly the adjutant of the regiment, and served 
with the gallant corps during the North-West Rebellion. Me was President of the 
University College Literary and Scientific .Society in 1S80, and was twice elected to the 
Directorate of the Old loninlo .Mechanics' Institute (now the I'ree Public Library). 

Dr. lames ('arl\le, the teaching expert of the Normal School, was born in 
Dumfries, Scotland, ol Scotch parentage, being the son of John Carlyle, who was half- 
brother of the cell I; ated Thomas Carlyle. Coming to Canada a mere boy in iKj;, he began at the age of seventeen to 
teai h in the iieig! '.ourhood of Hrantford. He cnterctl the Provi.ncial Model School in 1K55, and immediately after graduating 
was appointed t(' a position in the (Antral School of lirantford, from which he transferred two years laler_to the Provincial 

.\Ik. f. I-. Mani.kv, ,M..\. 

E/xc.iTiox JX/) rrs /•a'()//:.s.S(>a:s. 


111!. [AMKr. f Mil Yl.K. 

M(h1l1 S( licinl I'd?- I'dVN TipidMlii, ;is |iiin( 'I'liis position lie filkd Inr lliirttiii \r irs. iliiiiiig wliii li liiiK' In- stiiilicd medicine 

iMul t;iailiiaUil rniin \icl(iri;i Mrdiial ('i)lle{;e. In 1871, Dr. Cailyle was iiroiiuiuil lo llie MalluMiali( al nia^tersliip of the 

Normal Silinul and sinie it lia-. lieeii relieved of its academical training (tiix-tinns 

lie lias acte<l in the c.iiiaeity ol leaehinj,' expert, iiistriielin;,' students in the art of 

teaching. In polities l-)r. Cnrlyle does not meddle ; his services have ilone mii(h 

to promote the i-aiise of edmalion in (Inl.nio, lie is an enlluisiastic ciirUr and a 

patron of all alliletic sports. 

The ii.nnc of Mr. lames l.aiiglilin Hughes, I'nlilii School Inspector for the 
Cilv of Toronto, has ac({iiire(l more than local lame. I'orn near ISowmanville, 
Ont.. I'eliriiarv 20tli, 1X46, Mr. Hughes received his education in the piililic s( hools 
and the Toronlo Normal Siliool, from which lie graduated in i.Sfij. .\l the I'on- 
chision of his coiirsi- lu' look charge of a school in I'rankfort, and the following year 
was appointed hv the Provincial Council of I'nhlic Instruction lo the position of 
assislanlinaster of the Toronto Model School. In i.S6i), Mr. Hughes liecame the 
I'rincip.d of the Modil School, holding the <ifrice till 1X74, when he was appointed 
Inspector of the Toronlo I'nhlic Schools. .Mr. Hughes has taken a prominent part 
in all recent educational movements, and has contriliuted many vahialile wiirks to 
the literature of ediicalioii. He is an ahle and eflicient administrator in his 
important pulilic oliiie. Mr. Hughes is a zealous I'rotestant and a loyal memher 

of the Orange Order, <if which he is 

I lepuly drand Master of Ontario. 

Taking a deep interest in Sunday 

School work, he has heen President of 

the 'Toronto Sunday School .\ssocia 

tion, and Seiretary for three years of the Provincial Sunday School .Association. 

He is a Past Ma.ter of St. .\iidrews .Masonic Lodge, a I'ast President of the Irish 

Protestant lienevolent Society, and was first Chief of the 'Toronto Lodge of ( lood 

Templars. Mr. Hughes has < ontested siats for the Ontario Legislature hoih in 

the Conser\ati\e interest and as the nominee of the T!(|ual Rights Association. He 

is a Methodist, and has lieen Superinleiident of a Sunday School since iSOy, .Mr. 

Ihiglies was first President of the Canadian liranch of the ChaiitaiKiua Literary and 

Scientitii- Circle and is TMiKational lliivctor of the .Niagara .\sseinlily of that 


Mr. William Magill is the Principal of the Toronlo .\( adeni). the well known 

T'.nglish and Classical School for Junior Hoys. Simcoe Street. Horn in IHihlin. 

Ireland, T'ehruary Sth, iSj,;, .Mr. 

.Magill oHtained his cerlilic.ite as a 

teacher from the Hoard of T^diication 

in that lily when liut twenty vears of 

age. Alter teaching .school for four 
years, he accepted llu' iiian.igenient of a large estate, which position he held until 
i.Sfif), when the estate sold and he came to Canada. 'The school lo which 
Mr. .Magill now devotes himself was eslalilished hy Rev. .\le\ander Williams, M..\., 
Rector of Si. |olin's ( 'hurch. in iSOf), an<l p.issed into Mr. MagilTs lianils in i.Sfi(). 
It has since grown in favour as ,ni iiislilution for the Taiglish and classical ediK alion 
of junior hoys. .Mr. .MagilTs high character and repute are guarantees to parents 
that their children's moral and intellectual nature are safe in his hands. Mrs. Magill 
takes charge of the h'rench and music dep.uiments. ,\Ir. Magill is a memher of the 
Church of T'.nglaml, and is in all respeits a worthy citizen. He has heen con 
necled with the Irish Protestant Heiievolent Society since its inauguration in 1S70, 
and has for many years heen on its Council list. 

Mr. Sanuiel Mi .Mlister, the oldest master in the service of the Toronlo 
School Ho.nil, and llie higlily-esteeliied Principal of Ryerson School, liorii on 
the lilh of .\ugusl, 18,14, in the 'Town of Portaferry, in the North of Irel.nid. .\l 
the age of twelve, with his parents he n-inoved to Lnerpuol, where his education 
was contiiuied in the Collegiate Inslitiitioii. He leni.iined in that city for eleven 
years, during the gre.iler part of the time lieing em|iloyed as clerk in an iron hroker's 

olVice. In 1857, he emigraled to Can.ida. and for a short time found emploNliienl as a hook keeper in Toronto. I laving decided 
to give up commerce for leaching he look the position of ICnglish Master in an academy kept hy .Mr. Harllel, at which many who 

Mil. Iamks I.. IlriaiEs. 

Mil. W\i. MA.iiii. 

I2S axd /rs PA'az-EssoA'S. 

Mk. S. MiAli ISIKK. 

Mk. a. I'. Mai iiONAi I). 

arr iiipw prominent cili/cns of 'I'oronto rtivivcd llitir i-arly training. In llif yiar 1X51), liaving olilaimd a first class Connty 
lioard ( (.rtific ate. Ik- LiUcrcd tlir scrviiv of llic Toronto I'lililic School lioaril, and is now I'rinciiial of Rycrson Scliool, wliiili has 

an attindanci'iirowr one thousand puiiils, 

Mr. Mc.Xllistcr, who has lini' atlainint'iils 

as an (.(hicationist, has lici.'n I'rcsiclcnt of 

Ihr Toronto I'cachcr.s' .Association, the 

Toronto I'rincipal.s' .Xssoriation, and thf 

( )ntario 'IVachiTs' .\ssociation. He has 

conlriliMliil nianv inttrc 'in}; articles on 

ecliiiation.d subjects to '/'/if Moil, The 

Week, and the Ediiialioiial Mniilhly. He 

is an active nienilier of the .V.O.L'.W. and 

Tinancier of (Iranile Lodge. 

The Principal of Wellesley School, 

Mr. .\dam Fergus Macdonald, was horn in 

Terthshire, Scotland, T'ehniary 12th. iS^fi. 

His preliminary education, commenced in 

a parish school, was completed at the 

Dollar .\cademy, Clackmannanshire, 

Scotland. Passing from the .\cademy 

with honours, he remained four years 

leaching in Scotland, the last of which was 

spent as headmaster of the .\lva .Vcailemy. 
In iSjT) Mr. Macdonald came to Canada. His first appointment was at the puhlic school at Hagerman's Corners, Markham, 
which he held for twelve years. He then removed to Kglinton, where he remained till 1H71, when he became headmaster or 
Louisa Street School. In 1S77 he was pn)moted to his present position, and under his charge Wellesley School has gained a 
high rejiute. Mr. Macdonald has been a member of King Solomon's Lodge, \. V. \ X. NL, for the last fifteen years. He was 
a charter member of (Iranile Lodge, .\. (). U. W., and Legion No. (i, Select Knights, \. (). L". W .. in both of which he has 
held office. He has assisted in the |)reparation of two authori/ed educational works on penmanship and arithmetic, both being 
of high standard. Mr. MacdonaUl is a member of the Tresbyterian Cluirch. 

.Mr. Robert W . Doan was born near the Village of (,)ueensville in North York. His early training received at the village 
school was coinpletecl in the Toronto Normal School during the principal.ship of the late Mr. T. J. Robertson. Commencing 
his profession by teaching si liool in Sei tion No. S, Last (iwillimbury, .Mr. Doan was soon invited to take 1 harge of .\iirora 
Public School. In 1872, he came tothis city, teaching successively in Parliament Street School, the Park School, (leorge Street 
.School, X'ictoria Street School, and Dufferin School, of which he is now the able and zealous principal. .Mr. Doan is a member 
of the lio.ird of lA.iminers of Public School teachers for the County of X'ork, ,\nd Secretary of the ( >nlario Teachers' .\ssocia- 

tion. He is I-A-President of the 'Toronto 
Teachers' .Xssciciation. and a Past Master 

of St. .\ndrew's Lodge, .\.I'. iV .\.NL .Mr. 
Doan is a .Methodist and a member of 

Sherbourne Street Methodist Cluirch. 

Mr. Levi I. Cl,\rk, Principal of the 

City Nbidel School (X'ictoria Street), was 

born in the Township of Hawkesbury, 

()ntario, in 1S42, His ancestors were 

amoiigsi the earliest settlers in the Ottawa 

X'alley, his great grandparents having come 

Iriim Massachusetts in the latter part of 

p,ire himself for the teac liiiig profession, 

Mr. Clark spent some time al .i school ten 

miles north of 'Toronto under the i.llion 

of his brother, the late .\, II. Clark. 

Having ol)taine(l a first-class cerlilicatc 

from the( 'ounly lioard, he began teaching 

in iH6,^ at Clover Hill, Simc-oe County. 

Two years later, he came to the County 
of N'cirk, and in 1X71, having obtained a first-class provincial certificate, he received an appoinlmeni in ToroiUo, where he has 
sine e remained. His interest in public (|iicstions led Mr. Clark recently to prepare a valuable |mper on the disposal of Toronto's 
sewage, which attracted public attention and much favourable comment. He has also /ealoiisly .ind inlclligcntly advocated 

Mk. Uoi.i. \V. Dm 

Mk. I. km 1. 



Mk. John CamI'Iikii 

Mk. \V. |. IIkm.uv. 

md i> \'iic I'ri'sidiiit of 

sanitary reform in the cily in tlif |)iililic 
press. He is an activu nicnilar of tlu' 
(lanailian Inslitutu, anil St. .XndrLVv's 
l.odnc .\. l''.\' .\. M. .Altlioiijjli not lakini,' 
a prominent part in politics. Ik- has lurii 
a lifc-lonj,' Reformer, and, like his parents 
liefore him, he is a member of the .Metho- 
dist (Ihtirch. 

Mr. John Campliell, Principal of 
liollon Avenue .School, was horn in the 
("oimty of \'ictoria, Ont.. .\pril iStli, 1S34. 
He graduated from the I'rovincial Normal 
.School, Toronto, as a teacher in iSOo, 
taught for si\ years in Markham and 
\',U]ghan, and two years in Weston. In 
1.S6.S he came to 'I'oronto, and was en- 
j;a(;ed as a teacher in the pul)li<- schools. 
I'or the last twenty-two years he has been 
in the employment of the Public Sihool 
Hoard, and is now the second oldest in 
the service. Mr. C'anipbell was appointed 
to his pnsent position in .Mav, i,S,S6. He was Vice-President of the Society two ye.n 
the (laclic Society. .Mr. Campbell is a member of the Presbyterian Church and tlu' .Masonic fraternity. 

.Mr. \\ in. John Hendry, Prim ipal of the Jesse Kelclunn School, was born in Toronlo in 1.S45. and re(ei\ed his primary 
education in the Common Sihool at Minuco. L'ntil he was eighteen, he I'Ugaged in farm work, when heiletertnined to enter the 
teaching profession, and with that end in view entered the Toronto Normal School, from which he graduated in i.S6,S. the holder 
of a first i-lass certilicate. In 1S7 ;, he was appointed Headmaster of the N'orkville Public School. Here lu' was \erv success- 
ful, for when the systi'in of ( 'ounty .Mixlel Schools for the training of third-class teachers introduced, his school was selected 
as the Model School for the Co. of N'ork. This conlinueil for live years until \'ork\ille brought Hithin the Toronto School 
system, when the village was absorbed in tlu I itv. In i.S.Sd, .Mr. Hendry was chosen by the Toidiilo Public School lioar<l to 
organize the Inilustrial .School at .Mimico, and for two years he acted as Superintendent of that useful institution, until he 
received his present appointment as Headmaster of the Jesse Ketchinn I'ublic School, Toronto. .Mr. Hendrv is Hon. Sic. of 
the Industrial School .\ssociation. President of the Toronto, and 'Treasurer of the ( )ntario. Teachers' .\ssociation. In church 
work he also l.ikes a deep interest, and is an elder in the ('harles Street Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. .\ndrew Hendry, Principal of Ciivins Street Public School, was born within the limits of the present Citv of Toronto, 
in the year 1S47, of Scotch extraction. He entered the 'I'oronto Normal School in iS(>Ci, after reieiving a good grounding in 
elementary education in one the T'.tobicoke Public- .Schools. In the Normal School he won a sei-ond-ilass certilicate, and 
subsecpicntly a first class certificate. .Mr. Hendry has taught in rural, village and 
city sc hools in the ('ounties of Ndrk and W'entworth, and in the City of Toronto. 

l-'or the last fifteen years he been in 
the ser\ic-e of the Toronto Public School 
Hoard, having had i-harge of some of the 
l.iigi-st public- schools in the city. Mr. 
Hendry has been Sec retary- Treasurer ol 
ihe Toronto 'i'eacher's .\sso(-iation for 
se\er,il years, and takes a warm in- 
terest in everything that pertains to educa 
tion. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and actively c-onnected with onc 
of the western i-ongreg.itions in the city. 

Mr. Connor O'Dea, proprietor of 
Ihe P.ritish .\ineric-an lUisiiu-ss College, 
was born at Kilrush, Clare Co., Ireland, 
]\\n\; 25, 1.S44. Coming to this c-ountry 
at the age of eight with his parents, lu- 
resided in llolton X'illage, Cardwell 
Comity, until in i8'>4 he entered and 
graduated from the British .-Vnieriiaii Husi 
.Mk. .\Ni>khw IlKNiikv. iiess College in this city. He was then .Mu. Co.snou c 1 iika 



'Tirr IlAI r," Kiisi iiM.F. Asoiiiii; \ik«'. 

iiipitii'd liy tlio jiriiii-ipals, Messrs. ^tllsgr(>Vl■ iV W'riglu, ;\s toaclur nl' pciuiiansliip, book-kirpiiin, anil arillinu'lic. 'I'bis position 

Ik' Ik'IiI I'oi litk<.ri years, until lie was appointed Seeretary and Manaj;er, wliieli lie held till 1SS5. when he heiame proprietor. 

I'lirough his elTorts a weak aid liiianeially 

involved iiislilution was built i.p (o what is 

now one ol the most flourishing ol its kind in 

Canada. Mr. O'Dea is the author ol two 

text books ii'.ed extensively in business eol- 

leges tliroiinhout Canada and the L'nited 

Slates "The I'railieal liook-keeper." and 

the ".M.uiiial ot'Correspondenee." The latter 

is in its tenth edition, and nearly 

eopies have been sold sine e its lirst piililica 

tion in 1SS7. 

.\lr. Thonias l!en,noUj;h. a well known 

journalist and expert stenographer, was born 

in Toronto in 1S51. He befian his career as 

a printer's appreiitiee in the ot'tiee of the 

\\ hitbv Ctif^ettf. and sub.sei|iiently in that of' 

the Toronto li/oh. Meanwhile he mastered 

sliorth.nid. He was lor some time on the 

staff of the ('iiiel|)h Miiciny and, later on. 

eitv editor of the I'lironto I.ihcral; after this 

for a short time he f'llled the editorial iliair 

of the Whitby Giizetle. His llioroii^'h know- 
ledge of shorthand wrilini;. however, gave 

Mr. liengoligh openings otlu r thosi- afforded by joiirn.ili^ni, pure .nid simple, lie w.i> for t»o \i-.n-. I'ri\,ite Seerel.iry to 

the Hon. Oliver .\low.\t ; .11 one time also shorthand correspondent for .\lr. W liite, now Ifalfic Manager of the .Midland Division 

of the (irand 'I'runk Ry. : and he now holds the post of of'lii i.d shorthand reporter to the \'ork Counlv Courts, to which he was 

ap|)ointed seven years ago. .\lr. I'.engoiigh. who. by the way, is 
a brother of the popular i-artoonisi of Chip, originated the Cana- 
dian Shorthand Society, and in 1SS5 w.i-, elecfiil President of the 
International Association of Shorthand Writers of the I niled 
States and ( 'anadi. 

The ( '.inadian College of ( 'ommerci-, whose home is in the 
College .\rcade, on the iiirner of \'onge an<l Cerrard Streets, is an 
institution for the business training of voung men designed lor 
commercial walks of life. Its proprietors are Messrs. Thomas 
Hengougll, Otlieial Court Reporter, and \\ . .\. Warriner, .1 tiained 
and ex|)erienced accountant, liotli men are experts in their several 
departments of phonography and penmanship, and are thoroughly 
versed in the practical work of a Itusiness College. In these 
busy days, our chiefs of commerce are too much oc( upieil in 
their ventures to have time for the training of " raw material " in 
their 1 lerkships, and the yoimg man who would set out favourably 
in life is more likely to be succtsshil if, before entering an office, 
he spent a session or tv.o in a Uusiness College. The Canadian 
College of Commerce, of whiih Mr. W.irriner is I'rini ipal, is just 
such an institution as a young man would I'md it aiKant.igeous to 
graduate in, for it is thoroughly well eipiipped, and is conducted 
by men who have had a large and varied pra< tii al experience. 
In the newly established Tr.dning Institute in Toronto for teachers 
Hi training for High Schools, the Minister of T.duialion appointed 
■Messrs. iSengough and Warriner to positions on the staff 

The close of a chapter is not the most advantageous 
place to discuss the subjec t of Manual Training. It is, however, 
a department of school work which we would like to see more 
generally introduced into our Schools and Colleges in Ontario. 
Not only is manual training in itself an excellent discipline, but a 

rational means of obtaining and transmitting useful kncwiedge. On this subject we recommend the reader to |H;ruse the latf 

report to the .Minister of ICduc atioii, on " The High Schools of the T'.astern Slates " (U.S.), by an exceedingly able and 

experienced High School liisoector, Mr. John Seath, li.A., 'Toronto. 

Mkssiis. TnoMA-. lil.N' 

<;ii AMI \V. A. Wakkinkk. 

.Ih-r AN/) MlSiC. 




Aki \> \i 1 i\ li-~ 1\;\N(V IN ('\N\ip\. A Nmim: S(Mikii ihi. I >i --iim.kah \i. Canmhan Srnjwis Ai'.diNn. .\v.\ 
AcAiiiMii— \M) l.cHM Aur AsMii lAi iiiN^. Aki Ikmninlin i mi. S( ihhii.^. Mr>i( in I'liKoxro. Thk I'iiii.iiak- 

MONll ANIi tJliiKM, SiHII.III^. Mr>u Al. ( !(IN( ,Kl.>.sl,>. I.DIAI. I 'l<c l| n t I ION (IK ( )l<A 1 1 iHlc i>. I'lll. ( 'l ll.l.Kl .i; Oh 
Ml >l( AND IHI ( (iN^I k\ A lOKV (i| .\!l>ll. 

AKI', like litiralUR-, is still in its iiifniu v in ('aii.ula. Our artists, liowcvir, have made a beginning, anil no little of their 
wnrk is (Teililal)le tiillieni, parliciilarly in the less .imbitimis field of waterioldur painting. There is, naturally as yet, a 
^ iiianifesi lack of originality and ol' ell'ort to fdiiiid a distinclively ( 'anailian School ol .\rl. W ork in oils is lor the must 
part <rudi',and «here it has merit il too IreinieiitK reminds one olC )ld World models. Our best native pirtures indicate 
that lioth the eye and the li.ind of ( 'an.idi.ui p.iinters have lieen trained in l-^ngland or on the Continent, and though they show 
cultivated taste and more (jr less of paiii,-.taking effort. tlie\ l.ick originality of design and that true art power to grasp and execute 
a good native suliject. In water colours, _ '-"Hm 

Canadian artists are not open so nuich to 
this charge ; though even in this department 
there is a tendency to draw inspiration, not 
from N.iture, liut from Old World models, 
and |iarlicularly Irom the Impressionist 
School of h'rance. This, perhaps, is a phase 
of art life in Canada through which it has 
to pass liefore it rises to the higher region of 
original and < reative work. Increased study, 
less lonvi'iilional and more original treat 
ment, and a greater deteriniiialion to go 
directly lo Nature for sulijei ts lor the brush 
and for the inspiration for their adeipiate 
execution, will doubtless cause these defects 
in time to disappear. .\ greater measure of 
competent art critici.Mii will also be helpful 
in improving the work of our native artists. 
with a more liberal encouragement of art by 
the well to do <lasses in the c (luntry. With 
the wealth and variety of natural beauty in 
( 'anada, the picturesc|ueliess of some aspects 
of its life, especially in Irencli Canada and .imong the Indians and half breeds on the great |)lains of the West, there is no 
nasoii why the v.Drk of our artists should be commonplace or lacking in originality and local colour. Historical subjects, 
particularly in the l-'rencli regime, abound, which it can hardly be said ha\e as yet been touched. Incidents in the life of the 
settler ar.d pioneer furnish many themes for trealmelU. while the woods and waters of the country supply unlimited material for 
the dell handling of the skilled artist. Canadian sports, and many of the outdoor industries such as lumbering, fishing, lish- 
drying and canning, running rapiils in a i anoe, and numerous agricultural operations, lend themselves lo art treatment ; while 
art education is beioming increasingly necessary in the more skilled artisan pursuits, in the factories and workshops. 

I.ixal art assoi iations in some of I'le chief cities of the older I'roviiKOS have iieeii in existence for a number of years and 
have done much to idiicate taste in tile fine arts. The Royal ( 'anadian .\cadeiny. founded al ( )ttawa, in iS.So, by Lord l.orne, 
has also given a great impetus lo .\rt in Canada. In 'Toronto, private enter|)rise supplied the city with an excellent Callery 
of .\rt, ai lessible and well-lighleil. Here loan exhibitions of paintings, engravings, cerainiis and other works of art, are period- 
ically held, besides the attractive exhibitions of the permanent collection. In the I'rovinceof Ontario, a local Society of .\rtists 
was founded a number of years ago and has done mudi to educate the public taste and evoke an in Art, which hitherto 
had nothing but the annual exhibitions al Ihe .\gri<iiltural I'airs upon which to feed. Though this Society has done much to 
raise the stanilard of excelleme among local arlisis, and, in its art rooms and annual exhibitions, to furnish the means of bring- 
ing art productions before the public, the limiteil wealth of the lomimmity failed to givi' the Society that measure of support 
needful for its active inainlenance. Nor has it been able, with the aid of a small (lovernment grant, to keep out of debt. Its 
financial management of recent years has also been unfortimale. Tor a number of years the Ontario Society of .\rtists 
maintained for the use of its lucinbers and such pupils as had a desire to study .\rl, classes for model and life drawing and 

TliF. Coil ki;e or Music. 



tlic traiiiinn in sonio ili'iiartiiKiits of imUistrial drawiiig. TIrsc cla-.Ms have now lnvn transfiTrcd lo the Ivtluiatidii OlVuc 
and placi-d under the lontrol of the Provincial Mdiiiation I )e|)artnienl. Much more than this, we are sure, lii)wc\cr. can 
lie done in Tornnlo lor An. 

The i)ro(;ress oltlie art of Misic in 'I'Dronto during the past twenty years has been connnensurate with the material 
growth of the city. 'I'wiiuy years ago, there was not a single choral or orchestial socielv in evistence, the 'roronto Musical 
Union, formed l)y Mr. John Carter, in iSdio, having died for want of support. One or two perforin.nices of oper.i and an 
occasional concert constituted the artistic eihicational amusement of the niusic,\l pulilic. Mow great an advance has since been 
made may he best appreciated by calling to mind that there are now in active oper.Uion two associations for the production of 

oratorios and other works reipiiring both 
chorus and orchestra, I'he i'hilharmonii- and 
( horal Societies ; two orchestral societies, the 
Toronto Symphony Ori hestra, and the 'I'or- 
rington Orchestra, and two societies for the 
practice of unacconipanied part-songs, the 
'I'oronlo \'ocal Society and the llaslam \iical 
Soiicty. There are now, moreover, three 
thcalrc-. an<l several |iublic halls, at which enlcrlaiiunenls are often ' given. 
While in 1S70 a proiluction of opera was a 
rare occ urrem c, we fmd that during the sea- 
s{in i.s,S()()o, no fewer than fifty si\ operatic 
performances were given, while the mnnber 
of different operas presented was twenty-six. 
.\mong the l)rii- dramas put on the Toronto 
stage within the past five yc.irs then' m.iy be 
mentioned as specially worthy of note, W ag- 
iier's •■ Tlying Dutchman" and " Lohengrin," 
< loldiii.irk's " (Juecii of Sheli.i," .Meycrbei'r's 
" Huguenots," and Rossini's "William 
Tell." It must not lie forgotten, too, that of 
late ye.irs few artists of renown who have 
visited the L'niled Slates ha\c omi'.led lo 
appear in the cil\. Still another leaturc ol 
recent years has been the foundation and 
development of two large teaching institu- 
tions, the Conservatory of .Music and the 
College of .Music, I'onducted on the plan 
found so successful by the Musical 'Training 
Schools of Tairope. 

The event which perhaps may be 
considered the most eonsiiicuous 
on the road of progress the .Musical 
I'eslival of i.SSfi, under the direction of Mr. 
T'. II. Torriiigloii, The forces pi, iced under 
the b.ilon of the icnductor consisled of a 
chorus of one V iiisand singers .ind an' 
on liestiM of one hundred meinbcrs. The 

,,,,,. .,..,. ,. principal works given were Ciounod's trilogy, 

i| \lu. 11. J. .Scui I, l^l.t,., M . (,Ko;;r.K .Si 10 1 1. 1 I r r-.r • 

".Mors et \'ila," and llindeTs "Israel in 

ICg\|)t." 'i'he was a great success and brought \ isitors to the i ity from all parts of the country. The date of the second 

festival has not as yet been decided upon, but no doubt when it takes place the result will show that Toronto ha-- m.ide anoiher 

important stride in the development of niusi< . 

Though hut a reet ot a<'(|uisition to Canada, Mr. Hamilton MacCarlhy has already by the skilful use of his i hisel broughl 

credit to the land of his adoption and added many beauties of art to our national treasines. .Mr. llamillon C. T. I'. Mae- 

("artliy was born on July iSth, 1X46, at Hyde Tark Corner, London, Taigland. He is grand-nephew of die late Ca|)t. Kdward 

MacCarthy, of the 5olh Rigiment, who served with distini tion in the I'eniiisula wars, and is the son of an eminent Taiglish 

s( ulptor, whose spirited .iniinal subjects are famous throughout lOuropi', Mr. Mact'arlliy was educated in his father's studios in 

London and lielgiiim. His long connection with the volunteers in LngLnd has gi\en him a dei ided piiichanl tor subjects where 

Ukmukn' I 




Mil. IlAMH.l.iN Ma^CAKIUV. 

spirited luiioii niiil strong ciiKitidii :iro ro(|iiiro(l. Tlif slatiir ol lln' Lite ( (il. W illiams ill Port llopi' is ;i s|iliiuli(l cxamplr (if his 

skill. Mr. .Ma(('arlliy has (.Miiilid liiists (if tlic Marl of lirai-oiislkid, Lord Wojstky, the ICarl of Dcrliy, the I )iik(.' of Wcllini;- 

,v, loll, .\r(liliisho|i lait, .Mr. (ioldwiii Smith, Ki.v. Dr. Kycrson, and olhcrs. In 

iSKH he was eleited an .\cadeiiii( iaii of the Royal Canadian .Neadeniy of Arts. 
He is a memlier of the lAeeiilive Couiuil of the Ontario Society of Artists, a 
Direitor of the 'roidnto .\rt School, a iiieniher of St. (leoi'ne's Society, and the 
Sons of ICnuland. 

.Mr. I'Vederic Herbert 'rorriiiHton is an ICnulishman and was horn in Dudley, 
W orcestershire, Octolier, iS.?;. lie coniineiiced |ilayiii},' the \ iolin at seven years 
of age. He then studied the instrument imiler competent masters, and was after- 
wards articled for four years to the organist of St. (leorgc'sand St. Mary's Churches, 
Kidderminster, officiating lioth as organist and trainer of the choir hoys. He was 
organist of St. Ann's ( "iiirch, llewdley, for two years, first violin Kidderminster 
I'hilhannonic Society, and solo violinist at the Music Hall concerts. In 1S5S, he 
lelt ICngland for .Montnal, where for twelve years he was organist of St. lames' 
Street Methodist Churih, and there estahlished several orchestral and vocal 
societies, fie was also organist of the Jesuits' Church at the evening services, and 
profes.sor of the violin at the Jesuits' College. In iHfiy, he was engaged hy .Mr. 
I'. S. (lilmorc to form a Canadian contingent of the great Orchestra for the first 
I'eace Jubilee held in lioston ; was one of the solo organists who gave recitals upon 
the grand organ in the lioston Music Hall, and also took part in the first concert. 
Shortly aher the Jubilee, he ac<eptcd the position of organist of King's Chapel, 
r.oston, which he hekl for four years, and then became one of the regular solo 

organists at the .Music Hall, and at the \ew laigland Conservatory of .Music, at which institution he was one of the professional 

staff of teachers. While in lioston, he was conductor of many iuusieal societies, and one of the first violins of the Harvard 

Symphony Orchestra, Handel and Haydn Society's h'estivai and Oratorio Concerts, and in the ICnglish, Cerman and Italian 

operas given with I'arepa Kosa, Xillsson. I'atti and others. He conducted the general rehearsals of the great chorus of the 

second lioston Jubilee in 1.S7:!, of which .Mr. I'. S. Cihnorc was again the musical director, five of Mr. 'rorringtons societies 

taking part in the immense chorus of jo,ooo voices, he being one of the first ,^00 violins at all the concerts. In 1X7,5, Mr. Tor- 

rington was induced to come to 'I'oronto. being ollered the positions of organist and director of the choir at the Metropolitan 

Church, and of conductor of the 'roronto Philharmonic Society. In both these positions he has laboured incessantly lor the 

musical cause. .\t the Metropolitan Church he organized and maintained a volunteer choir of from sixty to eighty voices, in 

which a l.irge number of choir leaders, solo vocalists, and organists holding prominent positiims in Canada have been trained. 

The standard of music set up by Mr. 'rorringlon has been ihal of the most eminent church composers, and the inHuence thus 

exerted has been an important factor in 

establishing a correct taste fiir good < luirch 

music in Toronto. I'he field of Mr. I'or 

rington's labours outside his church work 

has been largely in <-onnection with the 

Philharinoni<- Society, through which 

medium, the standard oratorios, < antatas, 

miscellaneous vocal and instrumental 

works of the great composers have been 

studied and introduced to the i'oronto 

public, .\uioiig the most celebrated of 

these are "ICIijah" ('iw'.; times), "Messiah " 

(six times). " Redemption " (twice), and 

".Mors cl \'ita." Ciounod; "Rose of 

Sharon," Mackenzie: ".Spectre's Hride. ' 

Dvorak; " Ooldeii Legend," Sallixan ; 

" .\nninius," liruch. anil selections from 

the grand Wagner operas, etc.. etc. The 

result of .Mr. 'I'orrington's work was 

manifested at the Toronto Musical lesti- 

val held in June, 1.SS6. at the Caledonian 

Rink. Not the least amongst Mr. Tor 

rington's elTorts have been the steps he 

has taken to establish an effective local 

onheslra in Toronto. The results ha\c 

shown ihemsehes in the " liciroxwoon," Scmmm; Kksiulnck ok Mk. Ciiari.ks I.imi^ev, 


AUT .i.v/> \/r.s/c. 

M K. IM'W \\A' I 1-.I1I K. 

conciTls givfii liy till' Tonintn SynipliDin Orilu'stni. wliicli ili\il()|iiil lalir iiiln tlif Tdrriiigldii ( (rcliisiia, ;iiul llii- 'I'droiitd 

()r(•lll'^lnll AsMici.itioM, which lia^ lui.-ii ^;i\iiin ;i mtIcs ol' ^'^llu■l■rl^ .iiiiui.illy lor hmr mmsiuis |);\sl. I'liiliT Mr, I'liriiiintini iii.iiiy of 

tlidsr iidw ;i( ting ;is on lii'slial llul^i^'ialls at all thi' sixifty ('(imcltIs. Hln.ri'drrlustra> 

ari' cin|ildyi'(l, haw liL'cimif i oiniictiril id do m) thrdiigh llic d|ipdrluiiilics which 

he lia^ prdvidcil lluiii. In iSSS, Mr. Tdrrinntdii rduinlcd ihc 'I'drdnld CdlJcgi' nl' 

Mii.sic, whiili has l)ccii rcinarkalily Miccc^^riil ; in iSijo. this institnlidn lici anu' a 

chartLTi'd jdiiitsldck I'onipany, with a capital ol' $50,000. Mr. (icurgc (luddcrhani 

is President, and .Mr. |. K. Kerr, (^t.C, and Prdlessor I. W . Liuulon are \'iie 

Presidents of the Cdllege, which is ndw ,il'tihaled with the L'ni\ersitv dC Tdrdnld, 

Mr. 'I'orringtdn lieing appdinleil its re|iresent,itive on the Seii.ite. 

'I'lie name of Mr. ICdward I'islur, Musical Direcldr of the I'drdntd 
Cdiiservatdry dl' Music, is I'.nniharly kndwn not unlv to the ( iti/ens dl' I'drdntd, iiiil 
to the musical public thrdughdiit Canada. .Mr. I'isher's early lile was passed in the 
I'nited Slates, lioslon, Mass., ha\ing been his home for sever,d years prior td his 
leaving that cdnntry. In city he received his musical ediicalidn. mainly at llu' 
Hoston CdHservaldry dl .\lusic ; here alsd he occupied at dilVerent times several 
important church positions as drganist and practised his prolessidii as teacher ol 
the pianoforte. In 1.S7.) he went to lierlin to study under the famous masters 
Haupt and l.oesch.irn. ( )n his return to .\nieri( a he offereil llie direcldrshi|i 
of music at the Ott.iwa Ladies' College, which position he accepted and liUcd 
successfully for several years. In 1S71), he removed to Toronto in order to ac< <pt 
the position of organist and choirmaster in .St. .Vndrew's Church, which he siill 
holds. Soon alter taking up his resideiue here, the Toronto Choral Sociel\ w,is 
organized with .Mr. T'isher as conductor. 'The history of this Society undi'r Mr. 

l''isher's direction ha.s been one of uninterrupted suk ess, its active membership varying in different years from 150 to 400 
voices. .Vmong the more notable works performed by the So( iety under his baton mav be mentioned llu' lollowing or.itorios: 
"'The Creation," "'The .Messiah,'" "St. I'aul," "ICli," "Samson, ' and "Israel in I\gypt." .\ large luunber of cantatas, orchestral 
works and pari songs are also included in the n/t^r/o/n' of the Society. In iS.Sd. .Mr. T'isher dec idcd that the auspicious time 
arrived for carrying into e\ecutidn a plan which he had long ( herislied df establishing a Conser\atory of Music, where instruction 
should be given on lines similar to those adofjtcd bv the leading Cduservalories in T'.urope. With this object a committee 
consisting of some of the leading cili/ens of Toronto was formed and proceeded ,it om c lo get incdrpr)rated iMider the title of 
the Toronto Conservatory of .Music, the capit.d, which was placed at $50,000. being .11 onci l.ngely subscribed for by public- 
spirited citizens. The Hon. Ci. W . .Mini was elected Tresident, and Mr. 1 islur. Director, the dtlicr members of the 
Hoard of Directors being as follows, vi/., Hon. Chancellor lioyd and U . li. McMurrich, (J.( '., \ ict Tresidenis; .Messrs. 
.\. M. Cosby, Honorary Treasurer; Mr. Justice Mac lennan ; IJmes Ilendirson ; llinry I'ellatt : \'.. .\. Scadding: !•. .\. 
O'Sulliv.ui. D.C.I..; S, II. I.mes. M..\.; ;nicl Dr. (1. Sterling Ryerson. The st;il'f of teachers is :mi e\c eplion.illy strong c)ne and 

inc hides :iinong its members some of the most distinguished iiuisieians in the 
1 Dominion, l-^er since its iuc cirpciLition the Cdnser\.ildr\ .iiir;ic led a large 

attend, nice cif pupils, :ibdut 400 having been ihc .iver.ige up ici tin preseiil lime. 
.Mr. Tislur the le;iding spirit aniiing the professional music i.iiis in the Trcniiic c 
whom 1.S.S7 met logetbcr and org;ini/ed the Cinadian Societ) ol Music 1, ins. IK' 's 
now President of this Soc iety, which is the representative cirg.inizatidn cif the 
|iidfession in Canada. He isalso Nice President for Oiil.irio of the Music 'Teacrhers' .\ssoci,ition, the largest and most iiillueiiti,il bcjcly of musicians in .\inerica. 
The n;imc cil Mr. I. W . V. Il.irriscin is ccinnec led with the history 
of music in .\l tlu Citv of liristcil, i'.ngl.ind, where' he born, .Mr. Harri- 
sciii rccciscci his first iiisiruc iioii 111 ihe pianoforte from Sigiior I')sam, a prominent 
Sp.inish te.ic her. .\llir pursuing his studies in l.onddii he was given in P;iris his 
linishiiig lessons b\ T'.riust l.ubeck, the gre;it (lennan pianist. On the organ, .Mr. 
Il.irriscin .1 |iu|iil of Mr. Cicorge kiseley, organist of Itrislol C.ithedral, ;ilid 
subsei|ueiill\ studied in Naplc-s under \iiicen/d Magnetta, in which city he was for 
:i time c hdirmaster of the laiglish ( liiirc h. .\s a director his first appearance was 
;il the age of Iwent) when he prepared ;i chorus for the production of "Messiah.'' 
He was afterwarils engaged to conduct music in ccinnec tion with the dramatic 
re.iclings of Mrs. Scent Siddons, Mrs. Stirling. ;incl .\Ir. |. M. Itellew. In 1S72 Mr. 
ITirrison came to ('an;id,i ;in(l was .ippdinled org.imst cif St. (iecirge's Church, While there he prciduced lor the first time in C;iiiad,i, .Mendelssohn's 
".\ntigone " and "(Kdipus." lieing offered the position of Musical Director of the 
Mk. J. W . I'. II vicui^o\. Ladies' (College and organist at C!hrist Church, Ottawa, he rcmo\ecl to the capital in 

Ih'T .l.\/) UlS/C. 


Mu. I. (nil;' nil. I 

Mu. II. (Iri'^i (111 I IN-. 

1.S7C). wlurc lu' liiiimUd ilu- ( Hl.iw.i I'liillKirmonic' .Simuiv. In |S«0 .\Ir. Harrison j|i|i(>iiiti(l (pr(;;misl oi' larvis Stavt 
ll.i|iii>l ( liiii. li. I iiroMid. Ilr siirrrnilind \\\\^ posl to Uikc cli.irni- "• •'»■ 'lioir "I 'I'l' "i" rluin li ol .S|. Simon's. an<l has sinii' 

(ii'Voti'd llinistir Id llir iin|ir(AiiiKiil 

of Illf rlioral scrviir (il thai rhiin h. 

liiiii;^ a /^taliiiis nu'inlur iil' thi- 

< luiri h (il IjihI.iikI. Ill 1.S71), .Mr. 

Ilarrisdii inaniril .Miss S. I'Vanci's 

Kili\. Ill' rinnnlii, Dllr nl the 

I liMiist 1)1 (iiir Caiiach.iM liuraiA 
vMiiiini. and hiiscil .111 a((iiin|ihsht-(l 
nuisiii.ii; anil iDinpnsrr. This lailv. 

II is h.inlly lU'i rssary tii sav, is \m.-II 
kiiiiHii \n hrr iiiiiii Je f<luiih- ol 
".Srr.inils," as \\A\ as hy ihc |ii<i 
ihuiiiiiis (il hir |i<'M, ill |iriisi' .mil 
Misr. iinilir lur in.inird ii.iiiu'. 
.Mr. Il.iriisiin is hiinsrll also a cnii 
Inliiilcir 1(1 llu' iiatlVi- iiU-iMliMr. 
1 hirlly nil siilijiTls. 

.Mr. II. (liRsK iilliiis is a son 

of till- laU' Ki-v. ( ). I ,. ( 'ollins, rntor 

in llio village (if O.ssfll, in iIr- W Vsi 

KidingolN'orkshirf, laigland. His 

early ediicalion was jiriinarily under 

|irivale tutors at home. .\t the age 

ol nine, he loiiinienced the stiulv of 

nuisie and developed an alisorliiiij^ 
interest in the .ut. I 'orliinately lor him, the lamily possessed an exeellent ninsieal lilii.irv, and ol this llu voiiiifi nuisieian 
made the utmost possilile use. In 1S5.), tlu' lamily moved to Nork lor tlu' lienelit ol the ( ir.iminar Si liool. ,ind here Mr. 
Collins' already liighlvdeveloped t.isle lor iiiiisie was eiilli\ated aiul trained. Symptoms of ealarai t, however, liei,'im to 
show Iheniselves in the eyes, aiul in 1864, the doctors having loHiidden reading and writing. .Mr. Collins eanie to ( 'anada for the 
pmpose of fanning, settling in the Township of He derived lienelit Iniin llu' elimale and once more deMited 
himstif to imisie. I''or seven years he gave 
instrnetion. after which he accepted the post 
of organist in Christ Church. Deer I'ark, 
I'oronto. Ill i.S;^. iu' uKued to .Ml S.unts' 
Church and rem.iiiHil there fourteen years. 
Mr. (luest Collins was on the first committee 
of the riiilhannonie Society, and has filled 
the posts of Honorary Secretary and \'ice- 
I'resiiUnl of the (' Socielv of 

.Mr. J. Chine hill .\rliclge, Canada's 
popular lliile virtuoso, was Imrn at Stnitlord- 
on .\Min, laiglaiid, March lytli, 1H41). .\t 
an early agi' he developed a talent for music, 
and made his first pulilic appearance as a 
solo llautist at the Crvslal I'alace, London, 
when nine yi.irs old. I'lider such teachers 
as Heiij.iiiiin Wells, .\ntonio Minasi. ( leorge 
kiidall, nid Sidney I'ratten, young .\rliclge 
iii.ide great progress. .\t the ago of si\teen 
he went to Ilelgium, where he remained two 
years under the tutelage of Svensden and 
Seminins. He snlisec|uently studied music 
two years in Paris, .\ller his return to I'.ng 
land he was associated with m.iiiy of the hesl 
artists in London. In 1874 he made an 
evperimeiilal trip to .\merica, remaining a 
vear in the L'nited States and nearh a vear 

.Mi;, .ami 


I .•!!•, 

./A'/' .l\/> Ml S/C 


ill ( '.iiiaila. Ill' in.iiii iituriuil Ici I'.iigl.iiul. wlurt- lif riiii.iiiuil nil iH,S5. wluii In i .imr tn rnrnnln ami louk pari in llu' imi^iral 
iVslival luld 111 Ihi riillowiiin \\\\t. Ili> work sine f lluii i> will kiinwii In all lll^^■t^ nl iiui-.i( . Mr. Arliil^r i> a nuiiilicr nl 

llii' li'acllill); MalT III lIu- ( nllij;! nl Mii^m .mil Im llit ji.isl llirci- uar-. has lirrn 
' (ir^;aMist anil ilioiim.iNlrr 111 ( '.irllnii .Sin rl Mi iIhmIisI I liunli. 

Mr ('lariiiii' liiias, ul tin roriinlii ('iilli'iie nl Mumi, .iml mui nl llic 
Ut \ 1 1. \ I 111 a> 111' tills iilN, was liiirii .il SiiiitliMlJr. (uiiiily iil l.iiiriilii, ()iitariii. 
1111 till- mill 1)1 (htnliir. iK'Ki. \\ Inn a iiuir i liilil lio pin' iviiliini' ul tlir 
|iiisMssiiin 111 iiuiMial tall lit. anil altrr -.iiiiU' iiriliiiiiii,ir\ instnii linn lir, .it tin- ,1^1- 
111 lillirii. stuiluil li.iriiiiiii\ iiiulir .1 ilistinniiisluil |irii|isMir .iinl .iKii timk Iismmis 
nil till' |ii.iiiii iiiiili 1 till iniisi priirii'it'iil in.istrr>. In i<SS5. lu \m iit tn l'airn|ii' .iiiil 
sliiilnil t»n u'.irs ,it till ••( ■|iii'-ir\.iti)iri' N'.ilinii.ili' ik' Miisii|m , ' .il I'aris. Alsn al 
KniiU', I'lnri'iii r, .mil I iiiiilnii. I |iiiii Ills ntiii II In Canada In- jiiitii'd llii' slalT 
111 tin ( 'nlli'[;r III Miisii, rnrnnln. .iiid siilisii|m'iitly imisiral diriilnr al llio 
Wisli' I.iiIh's' Ciilli-m'. Il.iniiltnii. In Srptrinlirr List (iKijo) lir arnptrd a 
pnsitmn .11 llii' ( ■|insirv.Unry nl Milsii. I ln.i. N ^, Mr. I m ,is Hiiltrii ,1 
,i miiiiliir lit iiuisii .il 1 iiinpiisitiniis. sniiu' 111 llniii nl .1 lii^h nnlri. In iS.S.S, .Mr. 

I.iiras iiiarrnd Miss ( .Nslur. .1 muiii;; and t.ilrntiil I'aiglisli l.nh. wlm 111 
iiilani y Has a pmdi^y, .iinl .ippnlnlrd pianist In lIu' I'riiiii' oi W.iirs 
liilnri' rnliriiiji liiT lii'iis. I. mas givis iiislnirtinn nil llii' piann tn 
.iili.mi I'd pupils niily. 

riii'ri- Is nil iiinif li.ininiH' .iiid U\\ iiihk' sui iissliil ilirti'tnrs 
in ( '.iiiada, th.iii llir luailir nl Slurliniirni' Striit .Mitlinilisl Cluin h rlinir. linrn al 
Nnrtli.iiiiptnii. I'aigl.ind. in 1.S5J. .Mr. Irrd. W arriiif^tnii »,is uii vi.irs nl' a^i' wlu'ii 
lu- r.iiiu' Willi Ills p.niiiis 111 (■ .\ttir rcsidinj; .1 sliml liiiu' .it (,)iii'liri' In- 
seltli-d in rnrnntn. In iSdii, hIuii a ini-inl»r nl' the ilinir nl llu- nld .\di'l.iiili- Slri'il .Mi'llindist ( luirili, yniing \\ arrinnlnn's 
viiii'c lii-j;aii tn .illr.iit .illiiitinii. .\t llii' iiin'|itinn nl' tlu' riiilli.irmniiii .Smii-ly, in iHyj, lii' liiraiiii' a ini-mlirr .md Innk snln 
p.irts in till' first pmiluilinn nl llii' " ( 'ri'.ilinii ' l>y this .Socifly. L'lidi'r llii' iiislrtirtinii nl' .Mrs. Orassirk and .Mr. rnrriiiglnii 
I niisidiralili' advain'c was iiiadi- and .Mr. W arringtnn's Nnicc was fiirlhi-r ili-M-lnpi'd liy study with the iiinst c-inincnl ti'ai hiis nl 
Hnstnn and Niw N'ork. .M'li'r licin(j; leader nl the ehnirnf liliinr Si reel Melhndist ('liiirch I'nr twn vi.irs. .Mr. Warriiiglonaciepled 
llie direelorsliip 1)1' Kim Street I'linir in iSSo. wliirh lie sunn iiiade nne nl' the liesi in llie rity. Six ye.irs Liter he reninved tn 
Sherlinurne Street .Mellindist ( 'liiinli. the i linir nl whii li is iinvv under his le.idership. Mr. W .irniii;tiin has slinwii reiii.irk.ilile 
versatility, heinj; ahiinst ei|u.illy .il liniiie in iii.issive nratnrin. in li.ilLid, and in light npir.i. lie been assni i.ited with such 
einiiieiit artists as .Mrs, .\. I'.. ( )s};nnd. .Miss .Xfjnes lliintinj;iliin. Mrs. C.ildwell, Mrs. (arlnide l.ullier, Niw N'nrk. \\ . H. 
Cniirtenay. haii .Mnrawski. Mrs. \\ . W im h. Ilnstnn. I). \|. ILilienik. ( '.irl /.eliraii. linsimi. .mil iii.iiu nthers. wlinse iiillueiiee 
ill iiiusie is an inspir.itimi. 

.Miss S.irali M.uid .M.iry I l.irris. nne 
linrn in the "(^liieeii City." .\ut;ust ist. i.S(i4. 

Mu. Ikkp. W \i;uisi.|i 

if the 

il I nrnntn's iniisl i-^perl piaiiisl.s, was 
.\t an e.irly age, she liegan Ihe study 
liannliirte, thmigli her luilinn was un.ivoidahly interrupled until a later perind 

when il was resuined aili\ely under 
iiiiteil masters in l-'raiice and I'-ngLiml. 
Ill her si'Veiileenth year she went tn 
( lermany, w here she studied under 
I'rofessnr O.siar Paul, of l.eipsic, and 
I )r. 'riiendor Kullak, of lierlin, reeeiv 
ing iiunh eiuouragement under these 
eminent |irnfessors. Sulisei|ueiilly. 
Miss Harris pursued her studies in 
I'll istnii. under the late Ur. I.iiuis 
^ ^^^— and in New N'nrk, under .Mr. Seliastian 

^i ^^^K liaih Mills. I'roin Ihe tuition of these 

*fc— ^B masters she reeeived inui h lienefit, 

and for the last three years she has 
Ih "l^ ^77 been teaehing her art suciessfully in 

uW\ ^ y . Toronto. In 1H83, .Miss Harris was 

lor a time pianiste to the Toronto 
I'horal Society, and since then has 
given evidence of enhanced musical 
talent. Miss Harris is a ineiiilicr of 
Miss S. Mai n M. Hakuis. die Nc« Jerusalem Church. 

Mi'^s 1:. S. .\lKi.i i^ii. 

,//.'/ iM) \n'.s/(\ 


: 1 


^^^^^RJr * 





li'i^iit^rti^i' ^MiikA 

iiahii iidm 

\IUs. S. I^. ltUM)l.l.\. 

Miss I'jiiniJ Sl.iMliin \lillisli. Mm-.. Itar., Iriiiily riilMiMly. .irnl lia( lur of I laniioiiy at tlu' Toroiili) ('(mM'r\al(iry nf 
Music siiHi' llial insliuiliiiii uas rmiMilcil, is iinc (il llic " swcci ^irl n^'Ul'i'ilcs " nl hIiuim. nr ralluT of llic type ol' wliiih, llir 
I'dcl l.aiiriaU' s|uaks. It cuir ( aiiadiaii L'liivrrsiliis arr U> o|nii lluir ddors lur 
llu' liinluT (.■cliicaliipii III woimri. iiDiiiU' will say tluin na\ wliiri the lirld (if lluir 
study is till' I'ssiiUially fviiiiiilMc im\- nl nuisir. Miss Millisli is a nuisical uraduati' 
(iSSfi) (if (lUr Canadian I'riiul). and was (iiii- (if the lirst ladies in Canada upoii hIkimi 
tlif (li'urii' (if 11.11 luliir (if Musk was ( (inferred. S)ie was f(ir some time a pupil of 
Mr. .\rlhm V,. I'islier, of Toronto, and is a( ( (impllslied in her art. ( )n the i,!lli 
Novemlier. iSip, .\liss .Mellisli, who Is a daiiKlHer of die Kev. Kiiral I lean Mellish, 
of Caledonia, marriid Mr. A. .M. Uvuiond, l.iw\ ui the olli( i' ol the lion, 
the .\tt(irney-( leneral of the I'rovuKe. 

.\monn the resident nuisl( laJis ol I'oronto. there are peril. ips 
few wlio liave taken a more aetl\e p.irt in Its life during the past twenty- 
live years than .Mrs. S. K. Ilr.idley. Her early studlis in sinjiin^; .ind pl.nioforle 
playiiiK were dire( ted by .Mr. \anKoerlier, of I'orl Hope. .s;nlisei|uently .Mrs. 
Hradlev reeeUed instruction from Mr. John Carter and .Mrs. (Irasslck. Her voice 
is a lirilliant soprano mid lis striking i|ualitles, ( (imlilned with an attractive styk. 
have won for her fivoin. .\t the age of seventeen she entrusted with 
one of the principal solos at .i pulillc performance of " The .Messl.ih " In Toidiito. 
Since that time she has l.ikin ,i proinlneiil p.irt in most of inusleal e\enls 

•issiK iated with theiiiy. .Mrs. liradlev 

has lieeii for seven years directress of 

llie ( lioir of Merkeley Streit .MetliodisI 

t'luinh. She has charge of the vocal 

dep.nliiieill of the Whitliy Ladies' ( 'ol- 

Icge, .111(1 Is iiistruclor in voice enlture .it Si. |oMph\ Coiivenl. .Mrs. lir.idley's 

ti-f'crloin- extends over a wide range of music, hoili operatic and sacred. 

.Miss l.i/'/ie Higgins, an accomplished pianist, is a native Canadian. She 

studied music in this i (lunlrv with the liest available masters, and finished her 

professional educ.itlon at the Royal Conservatorv of .Music, I.eipsic, (lermany, 

where she was a pupil of /wintscher, /eiclniuiller, I )rs. I'.uil .iiid (^lu.isdorf. .\fter 

her return to Toronto, Miss Higgins was attached to the College of Music as a 

teacher of the pianolorte. In i.S.Sij, upon her marriage vvith Mr. (leorge Mel'herson, 

of Hamilton, she became a resident of 

Mr. \'incent Perry Hunt was born at W'hiibv. ' )nt,. .\ugust ulh. 1.S51). .\i 

die age of seventeen he decided to adojit nuisii „ his profession, and ardently 

set out to I'lpiip himself for his hfe-wdrk. .\ller six ve.irs' study he went to 

Ciermain ill i.S.Si. and entered the , ( 'onservalory at I.eipsic under 

the tuition of such disiingulshed 

masters as Dr. Carl Reinecke, liruno 

/wintscher, I'rof. Dr. I'ai)perlt/, and 
Diploma In i.S,S5, he returned to Canada in 
the same year and became a resident of Toidnto. Mr. Hunt has been connected 
vvith the Toronto ( 'oiiserv.itory of .Music siiw e its iiK iption. I le has been I )irect(ir 
of .Music in Demill Ladies' College, Osliawa, for the past live years. .\s is recorded 
on his Directorial Diploma, "Mr. Hunt possesses a very line and correct execution, 
conibined with an intelligent conception, and refined musical ability.' His rapid 
sticcess as a teacher in Toronto speaks well for his future prospects. .Mr. Hunt is a 
.Methodist and the son of a Methodist minister. 

Tile leader of the choir of tin- Central I'resbyterian Chur( li, .Mr. .Mexander 
'T. Cringan, was born at Carluke, Lanarkshire, Siotland, October i.^th, i.Sfio. 
Receiving his early training at the local (Irammar School, lie got his nuisical 
education at the Tonic Sol T'a College, London. Taig., where he took the s|iecial 
subjects of harmony and voice training and the art of teaching music. Mr. 
Cringan is a graduate and licentiate of the Tonic .Sol Ka College, having the 
degree of (i. I.. T.S.C. In 1HS7 he was appointed Superintendeiit of .Music for 
the 'Toronto I'ublic Schools. He was conductor of the Tonic Sol Ka Society 
during 18867. ^i'K'c '■'^f^? he has been identified with the Scottish Select Choir 
and the Summer School of Music of the .\niericaii Ndcal Music .Association. .Mr. Cringan is the author of the Canadian 

Miss Ia//.iK IIkicixs. 
Jadassohn. Receiving the 

MK. V. r. llCNT. 


.Ik/ .l.\7i MCS/C. 

MH. A r, I 1IN..VN. 

Mk. Ill UllKK I I,. (I AkKK. 

Music Ccmrsr ;ii\il I'c.n licr^' ILimlliiHik. llr i niiilinlid willi iM.iikiil .ilnliu tin -iIumiI < liiMnn^ nMnirl In tin I'.iMlidii 
Music Mall. March :\-{. iSijo, ami the Carnival Cum rrl ni ihc Cr\s|al ^ 

I'alacc ill llic -..nnc Mar. SiiK c iSH; he lia> licm i hnll,na^tcr al ihcCiiitral . '\ 

I'rcslivtcrian Chun li. ii 

Mr. Ilcrlicrl I. . Clarke, iiirnct sohiisl, i> a son oi Mr. Win. llciraliu 
Clarke. Inrincrly erj;.inisl ol' jirvis Sircil ll.iplisl Chnr( h. I Ic lidrii it 

lldstun. Mass.. Sijilcinlicr ijlli. 
iSd;. Il.uiiin del hIciI iliiisii .il 
.,y^j.,- I.ishs. he IcHik U|i the sluil\ ul 

llic cornet in i.S.Si.ancI lieconiinn 
■111 elliclenl |ieri'ornier on il. he 
ir.iMlleil I iiiisiiler.ilily throunh 
tile Cnitiil St. lies .111(1 ('.inada 
ni\inj; sdln |ierlnrniaiiees. In 
i.SSd, lie \Min the chani|iiolishi|) 
III Inili.iii.i .Is a cornel soloist, 
.111(1 111 the lollowiiin siiininer nas 
I'lij;, 1^1(1 .IS a iierlornier on his 
l.ivourite iiislrutnenl .il ( 'h.nlotle, 
Kochesler's siiiiinier resort. In 
iSS;, he scltK d in roronio .mil liii'ii a ineinlier ol tlu' (Jiieeii s 
( twii II. mil. and acoriiet spei ialisl. 
Mr. ( larke. «ho is now leadi r if 
lleiiil/in.iirs Itand, is also .iii 
arranger ol iiui^ii lor or( lle^tr.l 
and military hands. 

Mr. j'ercx \'. Cireeiiwood i> .1 ii.itive ol llalstead. I',sse\. I'.n;;l,md. He ».is iiliK.iled .it the Schonl ol liis 
native town. ,iiid ,iii| .i thoroujili knowledge ol nuisic helore ((iniiiij; lo .i yoimn '"■'" ol iwciity, in iS.Sj. Shortly 
alter takiiij; iiji his residence in this rrovince. he acce|ite(l the position of ornanisl in the .\nnlic.iii Churcli at I'aris. Out., whii h 
he lilled ai lejit.ihlv lor s.mie tiiilc. .Mler lii^ reiiio\.d to loronto. he was orgaiiisl ol .\ll Sainls' Chuicli. and .i nieniher ol the 
teaching st.ilT ol the ColU'ge of Miisi' . In |S,S(). he surrendered liolh of his positions in Idronlo. in order to .n cept that of 
organist in the ('liiirch of St. |olin tin' c, ..iiigelist. at lioslon. .Mass.. where he rciii.iiiicd one, rciiiosing theme l.isl f.ill to 
Houuhton. Mich., when lie now presides , it the org.m in the i-'.pisi ( ( 'luin h in that plai c 

,_, .Mr. (1. .\rtliiir Mepew was liorn at CliiUon. |iil\ -'.|lli, iSim). ,iiid .it the age 

of four exhiliited iniisical laleiils. He 
coininenced studying the piano .it si\. 
and when only nine years old was 
organist of Park Street Mithodist 
Church Siiml.iy Si hool. (■liatli.un. 
('dining Id this i ity .it the age of 
thirteen, he was |)l.iied iimler the 
tuition of .Mr. .\rlluir V.. I'isher. and 
made good progress with the piano, 
llic \idliii. the organ, and the study df 
liarnidiiy. .\t the age of rdiirleen he 
presided al the iirgan of Sherliouriie 
■street .Methodist Church two nionths, 
iiid from that lime has supplied iiiain 
"I the Toronto cliun lies. When hut 
M veiiteeii he was appointed organist of 
()l(l St. .\iidrews, whi( h position lu 
now holds. I'or the last three years 
lie liieii (ondiKtor of the 
Chaiilauipia < In lustra, al Niagara, 
writing and arranging many songs and 
clioruses. Mr. Depew has already 
passed two examinalioiis lor the degree 
of Musical liaclielor, al 'I'rinilv Univer 


i< in 

Mil. Tkuiv V. Ckkenwooh. 

sily, and is now writing lor ihe final. I le is an evcellenl accompanist, and has the |mispecls of a lirilliant future in the musical wiirkl. 

,ikr ix/) Mcs/c. 


'\ -fr'*«^**^' 

Mr. Snmiirl Kirli:inlvm, wlici is kiKiwii Id tlir iiui>ii .il worlil ,is Suns kiili.inls, Wii.sliiprii in I.iiikIihi, I'.iinl.iiid, May J.uil, 

i.S.(7. A-. .1 I liilil 111' a I'iMi' Vdicr, and al llu- a^f nl' l■l^lll wasa |i.ii(l c lioii'itiT in St. Sli'|ilii'n'> ( 'liiin li, \\i-.lniinsiiT. I'Vciin 

niiii' till ik'Vcn years nf ajic he kil the sinniiiK "f i/ioo cliildrin in llic Sunday 

S( linol (il till' Iv 'li'sliin S(iii,irf Ciiiinrrt-aliiinal Clnirrh. .\t tlii.' a^i' of twilvc his 

\u\i\- w.isalliiwid.i limn nsi ,ind siilisii|iuiidy it (lfvclii|ii'd into a (mv tenor. Coniinn 

to Canad.i in tH(m), Iu' siltlid in Miiskoka, takin^'li^irni' "I' tlir choirof St. TlKiinas' 

Clninli, Itraciliridnc. llr siihsic|iu'ntly riinovi'd to Kossciu, when hr ha<l iliarm' 

ola choir lor si'ven vcars. Kiliirinnn lo l''.nnland to h.ivc his vi f trained, he 

rereived insiriiclion Ironi Mr. ( harks I',. I.iniuy, ( horal Nii.irolSl. {'aid's Caihedral. 

Me then canu i>.ii k lo( '.inada and made a siieeesshd lour with a ( 'oneerl ( oiM|ian\, 

after which li>' «ciii to \iw Ndr' lor hirther siiidy. While there he in < eplid a 

position in l\e\. Ilrnr\ W.ird li<ciher\ I hiin h, which he held I ,0 years, and also 

sanu in 'I'alinam's Taljern.icle. .IS well as at several i om eris. In iSSj, he settled 

ill 'roroMlo, making his first a|i|iearance imder the ans|)ices of the Philharmonic 

Society. Mis successes in this city ari' well known, and he never fails to please his 

atldiences. Mr. Ki( hards is a memher of the ( hiin h of l'.nj;land, and a strong 

temperaiK e m.iii. lie was sergeant -major and chill instructor in the ,u<l .Middlesex 

.\rlillcr\. London, .111(1 one of the liest swordsmen and rilk shots in tlu' regimeiil. He 

is a memlier ol llorii- I .odi;e. .\.l'. \- .X.M- 
.Mr. Kieh.irds is solo tenor .n ('.niton Street 
Methodist ( 'luirch. lie is much sought aftir 
lor<'oricerts as a vocalist, and has upon many 
cMc.isioiis exhihited .1 marked talent as a 
I'c.ider. Mu. Sim^ Kii iiauiis. 

Mr. l-alwiii ,\slidown, music puhlisher, was horn in London, l-aigland, Itecemlier 
-■nd, i.Sjd. Ill i,S45 he entered into partnership with Mr. I'arry and emli.irked in the 
music pulilishing track- under the hrni of .\slidown iV I'arrv. In 1H60 he succeeded to tin- 
husiiiess of W'ersel iV Co., est,il)lished iSio. I'lie sole Imsiness has since i.S,S4licen 
carried on l)\ Mr. .Xshdowii. The pulilications of the Itrm consist of music of every 
description and include many large, important works. Mr. .\shclown \isitecl Canada some 
vears ago and estalilished a house here, sirici- which time his pulilic.itions have ccnuinu.dly 
g.iined ill fuiiiir. He is possihly the largest l-aiglish llul^ic piililislier .md chrec ts s|ii.cial 
.ittciitinii to mii-.ic of the I'ducational 
class. He has ccmneetioiis in all partsof 
the world, mov particularly in Canada, 
.\ii>lralia. New Zealand, Tasmania, the 
Inited States, India, and South .M'rica. 
for some yea:s he liei-ri represeiili-il 

in 'I'oronto by his son, Mr. Sydiu) .\slidowii, who is also M.inagi-r of the .\iiglo 

Canad'.m Music I'ulilishers' .\ssoiiatioii (Limited). 

I'rok'ssor I. V. Davis was liorn at Oakville, in the year iS^^s. Alter 

having received a lilieial education he removed to Toronto, in i<S55, since which 

time his name has liecome lainous in eoiineetion with the art of ilancing. 

Professor Davis is the author of "The Modern Dance Tutor," which has had a 

large eireulation. lie is the originator of a numlier of popular dances, including 

the lersev Ripple, I.e llronco, Thireka, (lavotte Lancers and others. He has 

invented a method liv which the aei|uisition of new dances is greatly simplified. 

Professor I )avis is a memlier of the .National .Xssocialion of 'Teachers of I )aiicing 

of the United Slates and Canada. The fancy dances composed liy hini for the 

recent Kermesses received very favouralile comment. Instruction in instrumental 

music and calisthenics, as well as dancing, is given liy Professor Davis, at his 

residence, on Wilton .\veiiue. 

With all thai has lu'cn said of music and musicians, the confession, we 

fear, miisl lie made that 'Toronto is not distinctively a musical city. The masses 

perhaps are more fond of sport. N'el Toronto possesses twci good military hands and some excellent musical conductors, with 

more than average material for park and island instrumental c mic erts. I'ew out-door entertainments kir the people are m<ire 

worthy of encouragement than these summer hand c (ineerts on the island and in the city parks. In attracting the masses to 

them, they not only afford innocent delights, liul are potent counter attractions to the sensational drama and the saloon. 

Mu. KhuiN .S^nipMUN. 

I'K.ll. I. !•' ll.W Is 


riiF. (■//■)■ s //(M//;.s r/it's/: ii //o oiix. /-/.ix. .i\/> luii.n riir.M. 


11 1 1; (lis ^ ii(i\n> I iiii-i. w 111 I (i\\ N. ri AN. \ni> I'.rii n i iii.m. 

■I'lll ( 'l I l/l \ lull ~ \. II l;l Ml \ K\ii" lll> (MX. r.l|;.l\ lii\ \ cilM, W .i\l Wll mil NhHil. IWIIIIM; Willi I I ■^ I'ld IM I- N.\ I ll> 

IH\N Ullll llN I'.w lUiiN-. \l~lhik> I'U\I~I^. Cm I/I \~llll' Nil I.hNi.II; \ SmlM UnNh. Iin \l WIK KlM 
|||,M I \i Si Ki I I- I'.vi III I II M I \ ( CI \ ^11 II Kill. I- I 111 Ki \ i\ M III ( )i II I.M.I I ^11 Alii III 1 1 ( 1 1 HI .Sri 1 1 II III iiri; 

ClIMMI ?" I 111 lloMl III l'\>ll \IU\N- llll lliiMI III SlMl- \, KlM>. WH llll l.W if \Mi I'lNWI 

i,iri>ii.iN. I'm Siiiiik- l.iii.ljiii^i \\ii llll Ciii/inS .Mw^iun. .\|:^IMI hi IIi>IiiKIc. I.lllli\m Wli 
SiiiiM iMiiii-i in riiiiiiMiis IliiMi^. Sir.iiirw \ ii i n- wn iiiiiii (liim I'muv Siii-. .\ .\l i i liiipni 1 1 \\ 

LI I K I ' M.\('.\l I .\N h:iil till- i-i|m;I. 1111)11 ol li,i\ iii>; n.iikiii llirmii;!! i\it\ stirrl in I .uiiiliiii. I'liniii;!! miK ,i iiiiiii.ililii- 
co|iy III tlif iiulin|i;ili^, wc iloiilil il' il i Mil In- s.iiil .my rili/.cn li:i'' w.ilkril tliinuf;li iwr) >lrril in roninlo. 
_jl I'll I'vcii till- iililol n^iiliiu siH'li ;i iii.'r,iiiiliiil.iliiiii umiiil In- .i smiiriso ^iinl iKIinlit. ( )! tlm^L' wlio livr in llu' rily. 
k'H rm1I\ knnw it. Ilim ol'till ili> \M- iiwc to till' visitor .i kiiiuvloilj;!' of placi'S in I'liriiiitn uf wliirli wr li.iil iir\iT 
kiiovMi, '11111 an ari|ii:iiiit:iiic !.• with strivls nl' wliiili \vi' lind ih-xlt lu.iril. Nil wr til ink wc livo with niir cyis ii|ii.'ii. anil iniiili .ito 
in niir rhililriii ihi' h.iliit 111 nli-.i.rMnf,' tliiiii;>, wliiih liiings with it pli-.i-iin- .is will .is iiistiiirti:iii. Thf liiitli is few iil' lis 
assiduously riiltivati' tlu- lialiit, iiinl wc miss imirh. rvrii in our own town, woulil .u Ir.isl ailil to our siori' ol ivniinisi I'liri-. 
In the newer parts. parti<'lllarly. of Toronto, tluii' .ire lioiius so heaulirul th.a il we h.iil seen them .iliro.iil He woulil h.ive eoine 
haek anil r.iveil .ilioiit them. W ith e\eii the existence ol the streets or .iveiuies on whiih they are situate we have lieen 
_ .. _ , -__ , .,-jw/. i^'iiorant. (''or all that we knew the streets 

.iiiil the homes, ami those who live in them. 
iiiij;ht li.ive been part ol' another ei;-.. We 
are all. more or less, ereatures ol" lialiil. ami 
as .1 rule we are sinL;iil,irly loeal in our 
eiuiromiieiil. The liusiness in. in kiioHs 
little of the town lint his own haliital ami 
the route whiih he daily traverses between 
his houii' and his olliee. I'.viii to the Miunj; 
vMimanhood ol the household, much ol 
roronio. tliciu^h it Is their iil.iee of birth. 
is an iinknowii litv ; llie\ are i oimnonh 
more uith its puhlii proiueii.ides 
than with its deserted environs. To a 
I lianee drive, or a rare stray walk, are tlie\ 
mclebled lor revealini; .i Torciiilo of uhiih 
they lia\e not even ilreanied. 

Hut we il asked. "Where is this 
Ton into of whic li its eili/eiis know liltle. and 
111 wli.n eiiiisists its be.iiily?" Il lies all 
.iliout east, north, and west and varied 
.He the elements in the eompiisition of the 
pillule. The modern homes ol Toronlo 
are. hir the mosl p.irt. to be louiiil ui'st of I'linily liiiv ersily. east ol the I )oii. and north of College .iiid ( '.irlloii Streets. 
To l.iki' .1 drive ihrou^h eai h ol lliese I'.isi ;^rin\iii}; seilioils ol' the eity is. soii.ilh .iiiil .irlislic .illv. to miloc k the door on a 
multitude 111 pleasinj; pereeptions. To the lover of his kind, not the least oC the pleasure Hill be diTived Iriim iii.ikinn 
aei|iiainl.mie with the city's ilomestii shrines and the human assoeiations that attaeli to Iheiii. I'o know the eitv is to know 
the people, .ind very luimani/iiv.; .mil tending to patriotism is il to know and eoiiie into eont.ii t with one's own townsmen. In 
this modern .ijie, i ities .ire more and more losing their old eharaeter, .incl eiti/eiiship is no lonner a bond. W hal is true ol the 
I'ity is in pari true cil the n.itioii. .nid heme the clii.u. or the arrested urowtli. ol n.itional sentinieiil. Il He do not know our 
fell(i»-eiti/ens how shall we knon our i omp.itriots ? I.el us return, then, to the olil siieial w.Us .iiid m.ike real the lie of 

.\side Irom the prevailiiin isolalion and the absence of anytliinn like lellowship. the aspects ol' cily lile, in its domestic 
phases, are in the preseiil day very gnitilyinn. In the newer residential streets of Toronto, not only is there the manifestation 
of ure.iter plenty, but an ei|iially in.milest provision for the comfort and health of the |(eople. .Kslheticallv. there is also a 
wonderful showing. .\ new era in house biiihlinn has dawned ami street arehilecttire is no longer eominonpkue and feallireless. 

\ II hiui V (11 1;. Ililiiiv SI l;H I. 



In Toroiild. wi' li^ivc gone a long way in Iiousl' Mciiinunixialliin rmni tlif lug-In in>f nl tlu' lmiIv mIiKt. laking '" Russell 
Alilifv " as a typL- ollln- liunu' of opulence at llie lieginning oltlie i itiiry, we liave also vastly ini|ini\e(l upon that. ( >iir homes, 
however, have not the literary anil social 
inlerist whii h lielong to those in Old World 
comnumities. I'^ven the oldest city homes, 
compared with the historii- mansions ol' the 
Motherland, are lint ol" yesterday. S'ou can 
( oiml upon llu- fingers ol" one hand t'.use lo d.iy have am pretensions to anlii|iiilv. 
Had primogenitnre and entail lieen allowed 
to take root in the early days ol" the I'rovinci'. 
it wdiild lieen dil"t"iciill to have handed 
down the Cimily rool". Hitherto, it has not 
lieen the riiK' lo liiiild lor posleritv, I'.vell this lieen otherwise, lire and lamilv 
\icissinide wciuld h.ive m.idi' sad h.ncic ol 
hereditary designs. .Ml we have, therelore, 
to cherish Is the laniily pedigree, ////e, in some 
rortmiate iiislaiKes, the laniily portraits and 
the remains of the laniily plate. lint the 
mo<leni citi/eii lirts anollier and a substantial 
grievani ('. Tlie lirs' settlers owned the houses 
they li\ed in ; those of to-day, as a rule, do 
not. In old limes, it was the e\ception to 
rent ,1 house ; nowadays, it is the e\ceptioii 
for the tenant to own a house. Despite this, 
the niinilier and lieaiity of I'le city's homes 
is the visitor's constant theme of praise. In 
llu- newer streets, in the part of 
llu' tow.'i, the .mil their siirroiindings 
.ire an ever recurring pictnre. ( )nr pages'give many e\aiiiples at once o 

TUK Kims," Kkmi>knck ol .Mu. I,. .\. .Mokkison. HfVKKi EV Sr. 

if the arcliitect's and the owner's taste. Nor are these 

.ire an ever recurring picture. ( lur pages'give many e\aiiiples at once ol the architect s and the owners taste. Nor are these 
coiifmed to any single sei lion of the city. Thev are to lie found in all directions, giving iharacter to and adorning the streets. 
W nil the growth of wealth will i-oiiie the country residence, within measureable dist.iiice of the town. .\,ieaiiv, opulence is 
limlding homes for itself in the outskirts, and even going several miles drive Ironi the city. I'„ist and west, on the Like front, are 
many picturescpie sites for ,i suliiirlian villa, as well as north, along the ridge (i\erlookiiig the Haveiiport Ro.ul. and on 
commanding elevations on the L'pper I ton and the Hinnlier. .Vs the i ity continues to grow, the real estate agent may lie trusted 
to find these eligible spots out, and in lime lo bring them into the m.irket. In hotels, we have as yet nothing verv elaborate to 
boast of, though when the Kossin House was built it was deemed, no doubt, a coiisiderabk' enterprise. Some d.iv, presumablv 
not dislaiit, Toronto will erect a hostelry in keeping with its wants and its metropolitan character. 

I'lie (onditioiis ol life in a new country, with ikinocratic .isci'iid.iiicy. ,ire iinfuounible to am li.ird ,ind l.isi line of class 
distill! lion , mil to till- org.ini/.ilion of clubs with any pretension lo cvelihiveness. The trades and the piolessioiis mingle 
together, the dil'fereiitiation, where it ociiirs, not licing between the two, still less behveeii dilTerent orders ol professional men, 



HNkViI I A." Kl^liiKXi K 111 Mu. Cko. a. CdX, SllK.UI:OCKNK SruiKi 

liiit r.itluT liitwooii till' cliil) wluTi' \W iijiik .iiul ll'i' ctllar .nv Imtli c\(rll>.'iu niul llu' ( luh wliirc (.itlur or Ixitli ari' bad or 

'ndinVri'iil. I"s|k'cially is this the case ainiini; social (irgaiii/atiinis wliicli have hail llicir oriiiin in devotion to sports or games 

to \ ichlini;, cricket, curling, tennis 
and liowls.or to in-door amusements, 
siicli as whist, euchre and liilliards. 
In this rralernity of common interest 
the doctor will jostle the merchant, 
and c\cn the hank-wicket will nili 
dhows with the hank parlour. If 
there is .it .ill a gulf of social separa- 
tion, it is between all these and the 
stnij;j;lin); lilcr.iry man or journalist, 
or It ni.iN be. the oiil-or-elbows 
painter, who has j;eiiiiis but lacks 
the patron to give hiin bread. The 
fatill, of course, is nobody's, and 
nobody c.ires or compl.iins. 1 1' there 
is ever a breath ol repining, it m.iy 
I ome from a man of ediic.ition and 
brains, who has been misguided 
enough to take to intellectual pur- 
suits for a living, instead of going 
into the liquor tralVic. keeping an 
hotel or beidining a sugar broker's 
1 lerk. Il.ipp\ is the mall and more 
h.ippx the country that knows no 
distinctions of class. If the country 

must h.ue .m aristocracy, let us ,i!l pr.iy that il be not of we.ilth only, but of we.illh .md intellect. 

W'e have elsewhere, in these pages, spoken of the habitat, at least, of Toronto's i lulls. Of those connected with recrea- 
tion or .imusement. two are specially to be noted, namely, the Koxal Canadian Vacht Club, and the Victoria Club, liolh are 

lloiirishing institutions, the one having special attr.ictions lor the summer, the other lor the winter, .\nolher succes^ful organi/.i 

lion is the (Iranite Club, on Cluircli Street. I'm-; \'l( loKiv (i \ v-. though hardly more th.iii three years old, is alrea^'y slrong- 

aiid lusty, and gives promise of a long and prosperous career. Il has ahead) a niembersliip of 400. hIiIi a centrally situated, 

artistic buililing, tastefully furnished rooms, and spaiious covered and open rinks for curling, bowls and tennis. I'lie Club is 

governed by . I President. \'ice President, Secretarv and 'Ircisurer, and a I'loard of sivcn Hireetors. There aii' associations 

within the Club, each with its own e\eciitive, devoled to the dill'erent g.imes. of uhich the following .ire the chief; ('urling 

(President, .Mr. 'Thomas 

Mr(iatt), I. awn Tenuis j 

(President, Dr. I'.. W . ' 

Spragge). Powling 

(Piesideiu. Mr. I,. II., and Whist 

(President, .Mr. j. IC. 

Robertson). 'The Club 

was organized ill iS.S;. 

under charter, by a 

joint slock companv, 

with an authorized capi 

tal of $50,000. 'The building h.i^ 

forni.illv opened. Jaiiu 

.iry 4th. i.S.Si,. by Lord 

Stanley, the (loveruor 

Cieiieral, and the ( liib 

is admirably man.iged 

under its pojiular Prcsi 

dent, Mr. .\. \l. Co>l,\. 
The suites of rooms. 

ini hiding the ret epiion. 

Till SlK.AMKR "CoiOl \" I.KWIN. H1R Nl,\i.ARA. 



ri'ading, sinokiiij;, liillianl niiil diiiiiin rooms, arc bright and atlraclivc, and dii- whole i> pirvadcd by an atniosphiTc of (|liii.t 
(.'Ii.-j,'an<c and ronilorl. \\ lun the |ilay is on, tlu' rink and tennis cdnrt an- rull of hfc and niovcnu-nt. '\'W SccrLtary ol' tlic 

N'ictoria ( Inb is ( 'apt Ihnris: dii- I ivasiinr 

Mr. Casiniir Miikson. ' ■_,• y, ■ ^ > •' 

Mr. jolin ( '. lili'h, oni' of Toronto's M \j ''aIV" 
worthiest and most ivs|)i((ed sons, and lor 'T '• ■ fi/ y ' 
lil'ty years a resident of tile rity, was born in 
the I'roviiK'e of (^)iiel)ec, in iSjo. }le came 
to Toronto when iniitea lad, and commenced 
business in 1S51. in partnership with .Sir 
Win. I'. Ilowland, as wholesale grocer and 
commissiiin merchant. This partnership ol 
recent years was well known under the style 
of .Messrs. I'itch \' Davidson, the latter 
member of the linn beinj; the present I'resi 
dent of tlu' Toronto ISoard ol Tr.idc. I )iirinji 
the past lew ye.irs. .Mr. Titch has rctireil Irom 
aiiive lite, having sold his business inlcresi to 
Mr. Davidson, ii's late partner. 'Throughout 
his i-areer, .Mr. T'i'ch has been held in high 
esteem lor those i|i ilities of personal honour 
and business inlcgiil) whicli distinguished 
the old time merchaiii in il.ivs when specula 
tion .iild sharp dealing were less rile, and 
when men were more punctilious about then 
dealings with one another. Mr. T'itch took .1 
warm inleres!, some years ago, in the Toronto 

Ui K 

K Mk. I. C. Tircii, JAkVis SiUFi 1. 
\- Nipissing Railway and in other public spirited projects, tending to the development of the city's trade. In i.SS,. Mr. litcli's 
patriotism as a citi/en was put to a melancholy test by having to submit to the loss of his son. Lieutenant I itch, ol the 
(ireiiadiers. in the storming of T.atoche during the Kiel Rebellion. On that o( c.i^ion. he and his f.nnilv reciived the profound 
and heartfelt sympathy of every citi/eii. In religion. .Mr. T'ilch is a member ol the Cluirch of Taigland. .\ \ iew of his 
conmuidioiis residence, ^UU |,irvis Street, appears on this page. 

Mr. .MI'rcd .Morgan Cosby, manager of the London \' ( )nt,irio liui'^tment ('ompanv, .mil one of the most will known 
and popular of Toronto's citi/ens. was born in the County of W'elland, September 1 ith, 1.S40. His ancestors were L'nitetl 
I-'.mpiie Loy.ilists. .iiiil he owes to them the line r.icial qualities which distinguish best of all unions, the .Scoto Irish stock. 
Mr. ( 'o^ln 11 ceixed his education in Toronto, and took ,iwa\ from the schools sue h knowledge as was deemed .impK' .is well as 
most pr.ictical I'.ir a business life. .\t llu' outset of his career he chose b.inking lor a calling, and in i.Sfii entered the ser\ i( e of 

the bank of Toronto. In the employment of 
this institution his e\<elleiit business ability 
soon led to preferment, and he was given 
ih.irgeof the I'ort Hope branch of the bank. 
This responsible position hi' held until iS-d. 
when he removed to Toronto to .iccept the of the London iV ( )nt,irio 
linestmelit ( 'omp.iny. Here he finds ^cope 
for his ac livities, ami, possessed ol a clear 
head and a sound judgment, administers the 
.iffiiis of his important triisi with crcilil .iml 
sill cess. Since the \ ic tori.i Club w,is 
founded he been its I'resident. ,ind bv 
his .Is well. IS prudent management has 
m.icic 11 .m .itlractive and popular resort. In 
1S70. .\lr. ( 'o-,by married a daughter of the 
I. lie .\Ir. I. i;. Worts, of the lirm of Messrs. 
I \ Worts, .mil his home is the 
be.iutilul residence. " M.iplehyrn" (//i;// signi 
lyingcornerl.atlhcnortli eastcorni'ri>f ( ollege 
and St. ( leoige Stieets. In politics. .Mr. Cosby 
is a l.iber.d : in religion, he is a I'ri'sbyterian 
Kkmijisck 01 Mk. v.. \V. ( o\, IsAiiKji A MKKi I. .uid a member of St. .\iidrew's (lunch. 


Tiir. cirv s HOMES: those who owx. ri..\x. .\\n nrii n them. 

Ml!. S. II. Ianks. 

.\Ii. Siiinuii IKiiian l.iiKs, .M..\., oni' ol Tonimd's hUrcLs^liil iiu'ii ol Iiumiio-., wa> horn in tlif 'rowiisliip iil WrsI 
Oxliird, JViiriiaiv 51!). 1^4,5. The I'amilv is of old liiif^iiriiol stock, its carlii'si iv|irisiiiiativi' on this continent haxing sillied in 

Mas^ai hli^^■ll^ ■.hmtlv at'li-r tlu- inniiii}; of tin' I'iliirnn I'atlu'is to Ww |-;iij;laiid. Mr. |aiH-s rccoivcd his early (.■ducal ion at 

the ln^;crsoll (Iramniar ,S( hool, and in i.S()i cntcrcil \ ictoria L'nivcrsity, Ironi wliich 
lie graduated I!. A. in iS6fia> the valedictorian of his class. Six years later, he was 
admitted to the degree ol M..\. in the same L'niversily. Mr. janes had sliidied 
with till' \ icw of devoting liimsell' to the proles>ion ol law. Imt he Iku. a strong 
|iredili'ction lor lommercial |iurMiils, and for a niinilier of years engaged In 
trade, as the head of a large dry goods house in Toroiito. .\lioul ten 
\ears ago. when real property in the city hegan to hecome active, .Mr. janes with 
idusiileralile discernment tiir.ied his attention to real estate, and has ln'come one of 
ihe largest, shrewdest and successful operators on the market. His spei ula 
tions have been on a large scale, and their results have amply jiistilicd the sound 
ju<lgmenl. as well .is tlu- d.iring, with which they have been cnlereil upon and 
cleverly carried through. .\n active and far seeing husmess m.ui, he is at tlu' same 
time a well read studeiU .md a thoughtful observer of men and things. He has been 
an e\lensi\i' c iintributor to the press of ('aiia<la. anil takes a large and 
inlelligeiit interest in economical and scientilu' iiuestions and holds adv.inceil views 
m l.iber.d politics. Mr. janes is an advocate of free tr.ide rel.ilions with our own 
icinlinein. and h.i-. .i( livcl) promulgated his views on the pl.illorm .md in the 
priss ; in religion he is ,1 member of the .\ngli<an ( liiirch. 

I'he residence of Mr. S. II. j.mes, which is now being compleled, is situ.iled 
on the Lite Senator .McMasiirs pniperty. west of the home of the late Senator .\lai 
donahl. and on the brow of the ridge that until recently stemmed the norlhern 
extension of the <it\. The site is comm.mding, and the mansion is a worthy, and 

likelv to be a lasting, adornment of its fine situation. The st\le of architecturi' is pure Norman, the m.issi\eness of the huge 

grev stone of which it is built being relieved bv the in.inion tiling of the roof and the r.itlur ipiaint continental design of its 

corner lowers. 'I'he building is in the form of ,111 1. .indis .ippro.idied by .1 wiiiding dri\e Irom the m.issive lodge, with its 

beautiful gates and curved stone wall that Hank the grounds on .\venue Koad. It is a splendid pie( e of masonry, which puts 

to shame the llimsy ephemeral edifices, with their stuccoes .md veneers, of modern house construction. The interior of the 

house is designed to be in keejiing with its exterior grandeur. ihe ui.iin entrance is on the east, where a f'orlc iiic/ieif and the 

deep embrasured windows of the long dining-room and the billi.ird hall overhead break the massiveness of the eastern wall. 

On the southern or city-side, is also an entrain e from tlu' pi.i//.i. with ,1 low stone w.ill em losuie ; and on tlu- western Hank .ire 

the conservatories, opening iiut of the draw ing 

roiim, music room, and main hall. I'he in- 
terior furnishings and decorations are unique. 

The w.ills of the spacious hall are wood- 
panelled lor light feet from the lloor. 

with embossed le.ither i .irried up to the 

ceiling. The dining room walls will be hung 

with rare tapestries, the spoils of old 

palaces : and many cosily treasures from 

the cities of the ancient I'loreiitine Kepublic 

will adorn this modern 'roronto mansion. 

.\mong the fitter are .1 Roman sarcophagus. 

statuettes in marble, anil .1 beautiful specimen 

(if the be.itcn iron faiialc (or lamp) a copy 

of that ill the I'ala/zo Stro//i whiili the 

.lulhorities of Moreiice allowed only to the 

most distinguished of her 1 iti/eiis. 'I'he 

drawing room will be treated after Ihe manner 

of l.oiiis Seize, and the music room and 

library will eai h li.ive its own distiiicli\e 

decorative features, 'i'he grounds, wliicli are 

five and a half acres in extent, are to be the 

.scene of the landscape gardener's art. I he 

residence, as ,1 whole, though uniipie and 

sumptuous, is in its general elTect (piiel and t.istelul. it been erected, under the supervision of an exiierieliced New 

\ (irk arcliitei I, from plans designed or adopted liy its owner. ' 


II MK. KollK.KI SiMI'sllS, HlnOK SikKKl. 



" SluTlioiiriic \ill;i, " tlic rl•^ill^.■ll^L• of Mr. ( Icornu A. ( '(i\, I'lvsicUiU (if the WwnV of ('(iiniiiirrc, siluak'd at .(.V; Slier 
Ix'iirnc Street, is cpiie dI' tlie nld mansions that a i|iuirter ol a <enliiry api nave evidence of the rising wealth of Toidiiln and 
the taste ol lier |ieo|iU-. It was erected h) 
the late Mr. Uidoiit. and passed into tlu' 

hands of .Mr. ( 'o\ on his removal Ironi 

I'eterhoro' to this eily in 1SS7. Mr. (i. .\. 

( 'o\ is a ('anadiaii liy birth, ha\in(; lieen 

horn in the Coimly of Northnmlierland, 

May ;th. 1.S40. He hegan life asa leieniaph 

operator, and at an early age was given charge 

of the .Montie.d I'elegraph Company's oHice 

al I'eterhoro', where he hecame identified 

with business and public interests. In 1S7.S, 

he was appointed I'resident and .\Ianaginj; 

Director of the .\lidl.nid Kaihvay, and by his 

energy and lin.nicinl ability raised the value 

of the slock from sc\enlecn cents (jn the 

dollar to one hiinilred and twelve on tln' 

London market. II<- became I'resident of 

the Central Canada Loan iV Savings Com 

pany in iS.S^. on its organi/ation. .Mr. Co\ 

is N'icel'resideiit of the Weslern lire .\ssiir 

an<'e Company, I )ireclor of the (leneial 

Trusts ('ompanv, and rresidcnt of the Isnik 

of ( 'oinmerce. To attain to this high position 

in the banking circles of j'oronto. implies 

the possession of unusual gills, and these 

Mr. Cox possesses, lb' has always taken an 

active interest in everything pertaining to the 

Methodist ( 'luir<h, of which he is a prominent 


I'he residence of .Mr. V.. \\. ('(j\, a 

representation of which is given in tlusc 

pages, is situated al \ii2 Isabella Street, in 

one of the most desirable loc alilics in Toronto. 

.\lr. v.. W . Ccpv Is thi- eldest son iif .Mr. 

( leorge .\. Co\. Trcsident ol the bank of 

Commerce. «ilh whom he is .issoci.itcd in 

the management of the l^astern Ont.irio .nid Cnited States branches of the Canada Life .\ssiirance Company. This institution, 

whi( h is one of the strongcs; of llu' kind in the Dominion, has see iiri'd a large share of the business of I'.asteni ,ind the 

Cnited States through the efforts of .Mr. Co\. Though 
a voiing he gives promise of mach usefulness as 
.1 c iti/eii of tlu' Tid\ metropolis. 

.\inoiig the many palatial residences on Jarvis 
Street, the home of .Mr. James Carrilthers. though 
not the most pretentions, is one of die most modern 
and orn.ite in the neighbourhood. It was erected two 
years ago under the supervision of Messrs. I.anglev iV 
Ihirke. Its owner. Mr. Carnithers, born in 
I'oronlo in 1S54. He is a member of the firm ol 
Messrs. N'orris iV ( 'arrnthers, gr.iin men liants, corner 
of Siotl and Colboriie Streets. .\lr. ('arrnthers' 
residiiice is at 545 jarvis Street. 

'The elegant residence, on the corner of 
lloskin .\vciuie and St. (leorge Street, recently built 
of ('redit \ .illc\ stone .iiid pressed brick, is the home 
ol Mr. W . D. M.iltluws. .\t linrford, in the Couiil\ 
of llrani, June j:!iid, iS50, Mr. Matthews was born, 
Ui-siiiKM I ol .\ln. Wii Moi I). .Mm III! w, Si. (.'iFoik.k S IK It I. .mil al the .Model School, Toronto, he was edlK ated. 

Kh>l|iH\i K 01 \\\i 

I m 1 ^, jAta I-- .s I KKi.i. 



ki ,11 

In 1 866 he oiitcrcd as a clork tlic ot'liii' of his lalhir, :iii ixlriisivc gr.iiii iikt< haul, and in iS;; was achnittcd as a partiii-r. 
L'pon the (li-adi of his |>aicnt, in iSSS, Mr. .\hillluws iiinliiuk-d tlic Imsini'ss alum- nndir ihc orij^inal nanif iif the liousi 

W. I). Nhittluws \- Co. Ik' was I'asiditil 
ol' Uk' Corn l'',x(liangc and for two years 
I'residciU of the ror<inlo llo.ird of I'rade. 
Mr. Matthews, who is an ahle hllsines^, 
is a hireetor of the ( 'anachan ra<ifie Kail 
w.iy, the l)oniinion liank, and the Con- 
lederalion Life .\ssoiialion. He is President 
of the Toronto Ineandesceiit I'.leetrie l.i};lit 
( 'o and the Toronto Safe I )e|iosit Coinpanv, 
Hi'- denominational lonnection is with the 
.Metho(hst Chiireh. 

The h.indsonie and hisiirious resi- 
dence of .Mr. h>hn T'ov is sitii.ited at .(o 
I iloor Street West. It was ereete<l in iSS; 
iimler ihe supervision of NK'ssrs. I)arhn};\- 
( inrs. .Mr. Tov is a n.iti\e of Toronto, 
liav iriii hei'fi horn here in Jinie. 1 84!). He 
w,is ethie.ited at St. Mieh.iiTs ColK},'!'. .uid 
at l'>haw Collej;e, Taij;l.ind. Tor in. my 
ye.irs he has lieen eonneeled witlt the Niaj;,ira 
Na\ii;ation Conip.ntv, of wliiih he is ,it 
., S.I ..I MK. JciiN I-ov, i;loor .SrKMi w. present the nianaKer. He has been Dirertor 

of the lliiine S.ivinu^ .ind Co.. the Niaj^ara N.ivigation Co.. and Tri'sideiU of the Niagara River ( ompaii). .Mr. Toy is 
a ineiiilur ol thi' ('.ithohi ( 'oinnuinioii, and is conneeted with St. llasiTs ('hiireh. 

" The Tdnis" is tlie name of the line residenee, on lieverley Slreit, of .Mr. Llewellyn .\. Morrison. 'This gentleman was 
liorn in Teterlioro' ( 'oiinty, and until i,S66 was (x-eupied on his father's farm, and in the lumlier woods, .\fter passing a year 
at Norwood Ciraminar Sehool, and two years in school teaching, he spent some time ill the I'nited States, engaging in meehanieal 
industries. Returning to Toronto, he opened a maehmery wareroom. the beginning of the present .Soho .Maehine Hrokerage, 
and sinee that time has heeii elosely identified with the growth of mailiiiiery business in ('anada. .Mr. .Morrison i> .1 regular 
contributor of ;;r;ieles on meehanies 10 and sciiiitilir |ieriodic.ils. His literary gifts hil him also to eompiise a 
lumiber of sacred poems and Ininiis. lli^ p.ilriotic "Tocsin " Songs are alre,i(l\ finding a pl.n e in ( ' homes. 

" ll.iildon N'illa, " the residence of Mr. Robert Simpson, is situated on the north side of liloor Street, at the head of 
Cluinli Street. Its owner is one of the most e.vtensive merchants in Toronto. Horn in Morayshire ( T'.lgiiishire), Scotland, 
September I 7th. iS 54. .Mr. Simpson received a good idiimiercial training before coining to Canada. In 1S72. he began his 
successful mercantile c.ireer in Toronto. His present m.immoth premises at thi' corner of N'onge and (Jueen Streets a jiartial 
view onlv ol wliii h is given elsewhere consist of four connected buildings, three and four Hats high, having a Iloor are.i of ne.irly 
three acres. .Mr. Siiiipson, who is a cap.ible as well as .111 honourable business ni.m, is ,1 member ol St. .Xndrew's Society, and 

of Old Si, .\ndrew's Tresbyteriaii Church. 

.\ representation ill these p.iges is j^ 
given of the lesideni c of Mr. John R. 
liailey. It is a brown stone building ol 
very neat appearance on St. (leorge Street. 
Mr. liailev lor the fifteen years 
lieeii one of the leading coal mere bants 
of 'Toronto, a useful and worthy citi/eii, 
and a suciessful man of business. 

Mr. Sanderson I'earcy, whoKs.ile 
dealer in paints, oils, glass, etc., is a n.itive 
of Toronto and was born .\pril J4th, 1.S41. 
His education was aciiuircd in the public 
schools and city night schools. In \'^Ui 
he went to Ilritish Columbia .md engaged 
in gold mining in the ( ariboo District, 
where he remained ten )ears, meeting 
with great success, kelii'iilng to Toronto 
in 1S72. he founded the cominenlal 
enterprise of winch he is at present 
proprietor. He is a l.irge owner of real 

MK. I,. \ MOKUIsON. 

Mk. kcilllCKI SiMI'snN. 



Kl.>ll>fM I ol Mk. SaNM.KMIN rK.M;i\, lll-HHK SlUKKI W. 

I'iilili( ScliodI 'rrustcc. Ho was ScciL-larv of llic West N'mk Rircirni 

cshili' in till' criUnil |ian (if tlic i ily ami irsidfs at i;i lilmir Slivil \\ I'st. Mr. I'rarcy's rtsidciici', ofwliiili a |)i<tiiri- is luriwitli 

Hivi'ii, is an t'li'j;ant \\v\ idinlnrlaliU' nidilcrii slnicliiiv. Mr. IVarcy is a lovrr of giiod liorsfs ami lias I'xcci'diiigly well a|i|iiiiiUi(l 

stables and some spk-ndidly lircd animals. \\v 

is .1 I'asi Master (if .\slil.n- Masonic Lodge and ifi^A*; /'■.IN.j'vI '''^.W^^}t<S^tll/y/tl>' . ! ■ VIP/-/" 

an attendant (if tlie Centr.d Metlmdist ('lunch, 
"(den /epliyr " is tile residence (if Mr. 

Stiirgcdn Stevv.irt, .Mananing-l )irect(ir (if the 

laid Steam Cieiieratdr ('()m|iany. Il is sitti.ited 

(in Ddwling Avenue. Mr. Stewart was lidrii in 

the ('(Uinly of Siiiiioe, May loth, 1S55. .\lter 

a primary ediK atidii he todk a three years' cdinsc 

in thedldgy at \ ictdria L iiiversity. |iassing the 

e\aniiiiati(>ns with hdiidtirs. iMir three years 

after leaving tiillcge Mr. Stew.irt was actively 

engaged in ministerial wiirk, lint was ((impelled 

Id retire (in accdimt (if ill health. He piililished 

the /./'/v/vf/ newspaper at RieliiiKind Hill for the 

next si\ years, and in 1SS7 he (irgani/ed the 

I'lryaii Maniif.ii tming ( 'diiip.iri) fir the prndiic 

tidri df liardwddd specialties. He was .Man.iging- 

|)ire(tdr (if this Cdinpany till iSS(), when he 

retired aii<I became its I'residenl. which positidii 

lie still lidlds. Last year .Mr. Stewa-t (irgani/ed 

the I'aid Steam Cieneraldr Company (Limited), 

df which lie is Managing I >irectdr. lie is a 

Ideal pie.icher and one of the founders ol I'.uk 

dale .Methodist Church. .Mr. Stewart a 

meinlier of the I'arkd.ile Town Coimcil several years .iiK 

.\ss(iciatioii, and although a Liberal is in syiiipalhy with Canada's New I'.irty. 

In a coinfort.ible home at SS Charles Street resides .Mr. .\lfred Harris. He is a native of Toronlo and was born on the 

.(til of julv, i.Sd;. His kUk atidii 1.1s ac(|iiired at Upper Caii.ida College, at a private school in I'jiglaiid, at the l.yix'c de Mont- 

pellier, I'rance. and m Suit/crl.nid, Mr. Harris has retired from active Inisiness, and has never sought publicity or promineiu'e. 

lie is a I lirccldr df the Shepp.nd 'ulilishiug CdUip.iny, and a member (if the I'resbuerian Clun( n. 

■Mr. Kicliard I'hdrne's resi, .iice on Jameson .\\euue, in St. .Mban's Ward, is a splendid specimen of Tdrdutd's c(im- 

Idrtalile homes. Horn .it 'I'lidriihi ', (in .\ugust .;2ii(l,, Mr. Tlioriio came to 'roronto for his education, and was I'dr sdine 

years a student at Cpper ( '.mad.i ( 'dllege. .\fter his ( 'dllege career, he spent several years in cdnimercial pursuits, and in 1 SHo 

est.iblislied the factdry of .Messrs. R. 'riiorne 
\- Co.. I'e.irl Street, lor tile niamil'actiire of 
lolding beds, woven Hue mattresses, niouldiiig 
,ui(l picliue flames. Since til. 11 lime he has 
built up one df the niiisi e\tensive industries 
of the kind in Western Ontario. .Mr.l'horne 
is a niember of the Church of lOngland. 

"Don \illa." liniadview .\venue, is 
one ol the (ildest nf the residences 
in h)asl rdronld. It was liiiill in iS^.;, by 
the Lite Rdliert I )elries. then pn'.tiii.ister in 
the HdUse (if .\ssemlily. .1 piisitiiin he filled 
fur thirty si\ ye.irs. " I liiii \illa " is ikiw 
owned and occupied by Mr. Samuel H 
I lefries. one of the oldest passenger conductors 
on ihctir.ind rriink Railwav. Mr. Heiriesis 
an L.\ I'resiiU lit of the "Old Reliable' Rail Cdiidiictdr's Lite Insur.iiice .\ssoci.itioii 
of the L'nited Slates and Canada. He is :. 
I'lember of the ( )r(ler of Railway Conductors. 
Tdrdiitd Divisidii, \d. 17. .Mr. 
lidrn in I'drdiild, in iS^M, .ind is ,1 man of 
UrMllKNCK 01 Ml(. lolIN U. llAII.KV, Si. llKdKCK SlKKKI'. Wdrlli .Is Well as dl Wealth, 


/•///; c/T) s //o\/F.s /7/('s/: ;;//() (;;/-.\'. /'/.i.\. .i.y/> /•■(// /> ///am/. 

mk. !•;. 1. i.fs\..\. 

\|H. Ill Ml\ l.\M.I I \ . 

I'lu' luaiililul roidiiii f n\ Mr. Nnii ^l,ll•^h,lll, silti.ikil ,il i)S Sinilli Sinil. i-- •.iinoiiiuliij In lAlrii-.lvc ^irniiinN. Li^lilullv 
1,1 ill mil. .mil |il.iiiU'il Willi lti.\> .mil llmvi r>. 11 ir hi him-, wliiih i^ liiiill nl Tvil liriik with ( 'mill \.illi\ slmu- l.n m,u>. H.l^ rnilril 

III I S.Si). 1111111 ilcsinii-, iiKKJc hy llic MoM^. 

M.illiH) liiiiN. Mr. .Mai>luill i> .1 iialivi- 111 ,' 

I niiiluii, I'.Mi;.. wlnTi' 111' W.I-- liiirn iin tlu' 

_;olli 111 1 1< Tiiiiliif. 1.S5J. Ill' i.iiiu' 111 I I 

('.iii.iil.i .11 .III I'.iily .i^;i'. .iiiil .illi'iiili'il 

silliiul in Inliilltn Illllll Ills HU'llth \i.'.ir. 

wIrm 111' ink'ii'il till' I'liipliiy ol .\li'sM>. 

1.. Colll'i' \' Cii.. grain irn'rcliaiils, Willi 

wlidiii 111' ninaini'il tliiit' \rars. (Irvnling 

llis I'Miiiiigs In sillily .11 nitilil mIumiIs. I Ii' 

\\.is .irti'iw.iriis ing.igiil li\ .Mi'ssi's. (iiii. 

l'li,iMi'\ \ l!rn., null liaiils, wliiili 

liiisiiu'ss III' rolliiwi'il iiniiili'rrii|)ti.'ill\ 

iMTsinrr. In i.Sj.S III' liic.iinr riiniii'i liil 

Willi '111- linn ol Mi'ssrs. ('. J. Sniitli iV 

( 'nin|i.iny. \\ licii, in i.S.Si), tlic Siuilli ( ' 

( iiniiiany rorini'il, hi' liriaiiit' its \ u r 

rii'siiknt ami .\!anaj;iim- Director. This 

roinp.iny is to lio the largest ilcalirs 

in wnoil 111 ilii' I lominioii, lianilliiig alioiii 

'10.000 iiirils M.irlv. riii'ir roal trade is 
in.iinly Im .il. wholes.ile .is well .is rel.iil. .Mr. M.Ushall is .i .\ri h M.isoii. .1 liienilier ol llu Kia.iI .\rr.iniiiii. .mil .1 Son ol 
I'jigl.inil. Ill is W.inlen olSl. .MallheWs ( ( 'linrrh, .1 nunilirr of llie I'lilihi Srlionl lio.inl. .iiul \ 1. i ■rrisiileiil of llie 
I'mpertv ()Hiiers' .\ssiirialion. 

In tlie 1 (iliilorl.ilile resiileiire slimvn in inir illiisiralinn iisiiles Mr. rieiii.iniin 1 .,iiij;le). ,il ).| 1 Uro.uhiew .\\eiiiii'. .Mr. 
l.angle\ is .1 n.ilue of ioroiito. ami has ahv.iys lell a ilee|) interest in this 1 ity, lie liorn on llie .'slh ol liil\. 1X55. .mil 
aei|iiireil .is .1 youth 111 Toronlo the edtliation to fit him lor alter lile. lor ni.iin \ ears, .Mr. l.angley has lueii .1 rierk m the 
posl ol'tiee. His integrin, diligeme and larel'nl alteiition to diitv have olilained lor him a ri'|iiitalion lor triislworlhimss. wlm li 
is so lor the work in wliieh he is engaged. .Mr. l.angley is an aetive memlier of the Itaplist ( 'luirili. 

Mr. 1;. I. l,i'iiiio\. arehiteet, !;iirii ol Irish parents, in Toronto, m the i''''.s5. W illi .m education aciitiired at 
Ihe old ( ,iml .Model Schools, hi' ,ilti'ndi'd tlii' archilecliiral drawing chisses in tlie old Mecli.inics' Instiliile in 1S7.), 
,md carried olT the lirsi ]iri/e and diplom.i m a class nf si\i\, of wliii h lie w,\s the youngest pupil. I'ur the iic\t li\e Mars lie 
studied archilectiire in the ol'tiee of the Lite W illiam Irving. .Mler iravellmg Tor a time, another li\e years were spent as a 
member of the linn ol l.eniio\ \' Mcti.iw. Since then, .Mr, l,enno\ has lieeii in liusiness alone and has liuilt up one of the 
largest practices in t'anada. The high reputation lor heauu iif design and executive ability, which .Mr. l.enno\ has aci|uired. 
causes him to lie freiiuently employed as .1 consulting architect, .\inong the many buildings erected imiler his supervision in 
'roroiiln are lloml Street ( ' ( 'liiirch. liloor Slreel li.iptist ( hurcli. .iml r'.rskinc I'resln leriaii ( 'liun h. lie is now 
J. superinlending llie erei lion ol the ('it\ ... 

,iml ('oimi\ buildings of Tor 1 

onto, the I'reehold 1, 0,111 iV S.i\iiigs 

('ompany building, and the new .\lhlelic 

('lull building. .Mthoiigh a young ni.iii. 

Mr. Lennox is .ilready in ihe front rank of 

Ills pidfessiun in ( 'anada. 

The linn of Messrs. l.angli'y iV 

llurke, ,iicliitecls. ha\e erecied 111, in\ ol 

ihe finest buildings in I'oronto, .ind have 

pi, iced ihroiighoul the Province Listing 

moiiimients of their profession. il skill. In 

siK h buildings as McMaster II. ill. Old St. 

.\ndrew's Church. J.irvis Slreel ILiplisl 

(JIuirch, Si, lames' Cithedral. .iiid ni.iny 

a business house and priv.ite residence. 

lliis linn lia\e executed designs wliicli 

biaiiljfy and bring credit to 'roronto. 
J llciir\ l..iiigli'>. senior member of the 

lirm. Is ,1 native of this (il\. .mil W.IS burn 

.Mk. Kiimu.mi III icKt. 

Mli, \V. 1. ItNSIN. 

kl ^II 

THE criY S HOMES: THOSE WHO OWX. El. AX. ./.\7) /!(///) THEM. II!) 

in iS;0. Ill' ^lll(lil■ll ,111 liiiK lure in ll\c ciHi(i' ol Willi. mi ll.iy, .iikI in iSru liunii'il .1 |iarliHr'.lii|i willi Mr. ■rh" (lundv, iil 

I.(inil(in, i;n).;lan(l. Iroin i,S()() till iS;,;, .\lr. l,.n\;;l<-\ |ira(liM'il al(inc, anci ,11 iIr' l.itli'r il.ilf lailrrid into |i.irlntr>lii|) with his 

liri>llur, \lr. lalttard l.annlrv, and hi'. 

ni.'|ihi». .Mr. lahnnnd Ihirkf. On ihr 

ri'liri'inrnl <>l Mr. laJH.uil l,ninl<\. in 

iSS^j, the linn liecaliu';lc\ iV Hiirki'. 

and cDnlinni's under that name. .Mr. 

Iliirke is a riinmloiiian liy birth, .iiid is 

ilciw III hi> Inrtielli year. He w.iseihiealeil 

III I |i|ier Cmad.i l!c)ilet;e, and entered 

Mr. I,.mnliy's iiliiee as a student, in i.Sfi5. 

I'mlli ,ire meniliers ol the ripninici .\ri hi 

teitiinil (iiiild and ()nl,iriii .\ss(ii i,itii>n <>l 

.\rlisls. .Mr. Ihirke is a iiuiiilier of the 

Ciimiell 111' the Litter, ,md Mr. l„mnley is 

.1 iiieinlier of the Hoard of Tr.idi. 

rile (ily laij;ineer iil rnmiito, 
.Mr. W illiain T. |emiin,i,'s, w.i-. Imrn in ihi-- 
eit\, .M.iy li|lh, I.S|(i. .Mur lieill^ edll 
ealed .it the .MixUI (Ir.iininar Sihniil ,iiid 
L'|i|ier Caii.ida ('(illej^e, he eiimineixed 
his prdressiiiiial 1 areer as ,m engineer in 
i.Sfii), under the l.ile .Mr. .Mdleswiirlh, 
siirveyiii); the s\v,iin|i l.iiids iil' ( irey and 
Ihiiee liir iiii|irini'meiils. I'ldiii icSjo 
till 1.S75, he on the eii.yineerinn st.ilT 
of the ( Western R.iilway, which he 
left in 1S75. til enter the service (il the 
lliiininion ( Invernmint. Several iiiipdr 

taut surveys im the Can.idi.m I'acilic K.uhvay ueiv made li\ .Mr 

(,'iinstructiiiii ('(iiii|ian\. and the ('. I'. K. ('(imp.iny. In i.S.Sd, he tiuik cil" the siirve\s and c.Naiiiinations for the C. P. K 
in Ontario, and in 1.S90 was apiioinled to his present |i()sitiiin. .Mr. jenninjis is a iiieiiilier ot" the Canadian .Societv of Civil 
I'aijjineers, the Insiitiition of Civil ICngineers, the .\inerie,in Society of Civil hjigineers, and the Ameri<aii .\ssiiciation lor the 
.Vih.incenient of S( ieiice. He is conneiled with the Toronto, Ride,ili and (iranitc (!lul)s, Mr, lenninns is a inemlier of the 
old Cniled I'resliyterian Chnreh of Canada, of which his father, the late Rev. |)r, Jennings, was a pastor. 

.Mr. Ch.irles I'nwin, of the I'iriii of ^lc^^r^. I'liHin, I'oster iV I'roudfoot, was horn ,it .Mansfield, NuttinL'hamshire, \-.\w- 
land, Dcccinher ,50th, i,S,;i). In hi> e.irh^ he ,1 stii<lenl at Cpper Canada College, at which so many of the prominent 
Canadians of lo-d.iy h.ive been ediic,ited. In 1.S51 j Mr, Ciiwin was assisi,int to Col, 
Indian Re--erves on Lake Huron. Since then he has had an extensive esperience 

Surveyiir. Mr. Unwin is a nienilier of 

the Churih of ICngland. 

.Mr. l-'rederic I'ortesciie I'as> 

more, land surveyor, liornin .Selln, 

\orkshire, ICnglanil, |,iiiii,iry i;,tli, 

1.SJ4. He was ediicited ,U llu' Si hool, llidelonl, DeMiii 

shire. He came to t'anada in his 

e.irly manhood and was admitted as ,1 

land Surveyor, ()<tol)er ist, 184?). 

Mr. I'assmorc was appointed Secretary 

of the Hoard of l-Aaminers of Land 

Surveyors of Cpper Can.ida, in .\pril, 

1.S5J. .\nd was made a niemhur of the 

I'loard in January, 1S51). He is a 

memher of the Church of haigland. 

" Ihornhursl," the residence of 

Mr. (k'orge I'lunkett Magann, is situ- 
ated at the foot of Howling .\veiuie, on 

tlie lake shore, overlooking Humber 
.Mk. 1'. !•'. I'AssMouK, I'ay. The house was ereited in i88y, j|n, Ciiaki.k» U.nwin, 

Mu. KhlMKU 1 H'lKM , I.IMI Ml\ .\\ KM'K. 

eimiiigs while in the employment of the (Jovcrimienl, the 

J. Stoughton Dennis in laying out the 
,is a nomiiiion and I'rovincial l.,ind 






Tin: cirvs homes those who owx. r/.tx, .i.v/> luii i> them. 

■^^0!;S^. . -■' -.-ir.*.. 


I ihc capacitv of ( cintr.idnr 

liniii |il.iiis riirnislu'il liy ll^ nwiur, wliili' its 
riiiislriic lidii »,iN Mi|)rr\i'.ril liv H.iviil Kiilurls, 
arfhiti'it. Tlu' umiI h.i>.i rniiiliiiKillnri 
lit' Cii'dit \',illi-\ sliillf, Sriili li liirsldiir. rid 
liiii k. lur.i iMtta and lilc. I lie inliiKu is 
linishiil in iialllial wnml-., i|ii,irtir int. Tlic 
);innnil», »hii h arc laid i>nt in lawiisand trrracts, 
and ornanniititl with t'lirist tries, slopr syni 
nirtriially to tin- soinli. t'rin(;f(l \>\ ai\ I'splanadf 
aloiii; the laki- triini. Mr. M.igann is a nativi' 
111 liiiblin. Irrland. Iiiil calm- to Canada in iarl> 
rinldliood. and cdiiiatrd at I laniillon. ( )nt. 
I Ir i". drsri-ndcil Imtli on his lallur-. and his 
iniitln'r's side I'roin well known I'ainilirs, wliosi' 
in, ill' In. Ills \Mrr |ironiiiicnt in llii' li-j;al pru.i'S- 
sion. lor ni.iiu yoars Mr. .\l.i^;,iini has htrn a 
railw.i\ (diitr.irtor .ind a dialir in railway 
sii|)|iliis. Ill' Is a largi'owiiir (it iiiill and \L'ssi'l 
|iro|pirly, as will as of rral I'stalc in Caiiad.i and 
till- L'nili'd .Slates. 

Mr. John .Mcllean, a wrllknown rity 
I oiilrai tor, is discfiidcd from a staunch and 
sturdy taniily of I'nitcd I'Jiipirc Loyalists, lie liiirn ni the County of (llcimarry, < )ntario, 
on the Jijth of March, i.S,^4. .\fter aniiiiring 
.1 lonmion school, ami the rudiments of a com 
menial, education, he was sei/ed with the nold 
le\er and when hut little more ihait I'll'lecn 
M'.iis of a^;e set out for ( '.diforni.i, where he 
.irrived early in 1X50, lie suliseiiiieiitly visited 
.\uslr,dia, Colorado and liritish Colnmliia, and 
spent seventeen years of his eventfcl life in 
uolilminin^ in various parts of the world, lor 
"■^ three years he resided in ( 'hicago, and in con 
iunctioii with his father .mil lirothers, inlroduced 
tile Nichiilsim p.ivement in that cil\. In 1S7J, 
he returned to ( )nlario. settling; in Toronto, upon 
made his in. irk. Mr. Mcliean is a member of the 'Toronto 

the streets of which he has sinci 
Hoard of Trade. 

'The eneri;etir lirm of Messrs. Ilrown iV Love, luiildinn conlr.iclors ,ind de.ilcrs in siiiiu', or^iani/cd in 1S75 liy 
I'rederick I). Ilrown and II. (I. I.ove. liefore settling in Caiuda both of these gentlemen had the .iihanlage of practical 
training .md evperiiiice as builders in haigland. 'Their handiwork adorns many 
of the chief business streets of the city. 'The first structures . ■' import. nice erected 
liv the I'lrni in Toronto, were the Itritish .\merica .\ssurance Company's buildings, 
and the das Company's offices, Toronto .Street. 'These were followed by such 
edifices as 7'/i,- Mill/ building, Maiik of Commerce, Canada Life building, .Maiming 
.\rcade. Western Assurance Company's building, W yld. C.raselt iV I ).irliiig's w.ire- 
house, and St. James' S(|iiare I'resbyterian Church. .\l Hamilton, the firm erected 
the head otfice of the Can.ida Life Insurance Com|iany, the Tost Oltice, and the 
Caistom House. 'This lirm have now in hand the erection of the Confederation 

Life Insurance Company's building and the magniriceiU residence of Mr. Cicorge 

C.ooderham. liloor Street. .Many of the above are illustrated in this volume. 

.Mr. Adam .Vrnistrong's residence on St. Cieorge Street (see page 54), is a 

fine specimen of Cineco-Roman architecture. It was erected of Credit \alley 

stone .and red brick, in 1887-8, from plans .adapted by its owner, who was also its 

builder. Mr. .\rmstrong, who is of Scotch descent, was born in the I'^ast Riding 

of York, Ont., on the 21st of June, 1K47. He received a common school education, 

supplemented by a lommercial idurse. When quite young he was employed as an 

assisUint by his father, who was a masler-earpenter and joiner, but upon attaining 

Mk. |ohn .McDean. 

/•///•; (//■) A //('.I//.S riiosi: who own. i' and hi ///> ////■ i/. 


Ills in.ijiirily lir .I'l.iMdniicil lli^ tijili', .mil 
I'li^.ip'd II) iiK'ri'.inlik' lilt- as ,i >:ili' .mil 
I iiiniiKnial Ir.uillrr. In 1S71) iu' ln^.m 
liiiililiii^ ii|i<'r.iiiiiMs in 'riinintu, lU'Vnliii); 
liiiiiM'll tii.iinly III till' crniiiiii iil' icsiilciilial 
slniiiiirrs, liiilliling priiicip.illy iipoii rmI 
rslali' wliirli III' iiwiiril iiidu iilii.illy, iir DMT 
vtlilili III' li.iil luiiii'iil. Mr Im a largi' 
|irii{i('rl\ i>\MU'i', ami iml iiiiii^ii.illy uwns at 
uiic tiiiK' Iroin lil'ly In (nu- IhuhIiimI llllUM•^ 
liir ri'iil iir >alr. .\li. .\riiislrnii); is a 
Ui'l'iiniU'i' ill pnlilii s .iiid .1 I'nsbyliriaii in 


'• I IrMiiii.i," llii' rrsiik'iHi' nl .\lr. 
( '. U. S. I liiiiiiilv, nil St. I'uiir.ui' Sirccl. was 
iriTti'il Ml iS.S; Iriiin plan* iiiadi- by tlu> 
iiwiur. .\lr. hinniik is a native nf Davcn 
)iiiit. DrvciMsliirc. I', wlurr la- was 
liiini nil till' .'jiid nf .\iiniisi. i.S.|(. lie was 
appri'iiliifil at ,111 laily .ine In .1 cirpiiili r 
and jnimr willi uhmii lie served seven ye.irs. 
Slinrtly .ilur ihr i\pii.itinii nt liis apprentiii' 
sliip he eaine In ( 'anada, Ine.itinn in rnrniiln 
aliniit the year 1.S70, and Inllnrted his ir.ide 
as a jniirneyiii.iii several years, when he 
ennaned in liiisiiiess nil his nwn aeeniilit as a 
eniilraelnr and Iniildei. lie pays 
atlenlinn tnihe er.ill nl .1 linilder, and eiijnys 
the iipiil.illnn III li.ivinj; erei'ted ninre linllses 
Inr ih.m .my nther niie builder in the 
lilv. It is niilv twenty years sinee .Mr. 
I liiinii k eaiile In Tniniitn einpl\ handed, but b> 
nieinber nf Trinily Methndisl Cluireli, a .Masnii, . 

I'lie Lite Mr. I iniiel \'nrke was, in his 1 
('aiiiliiid;^i.s|iiie. l'.nt;laiid, Maieh 171I1. iS;.), Iu 

Rksmiknii- nl Mk. Non Mak^imi 

"111 I \ /kI'IIM ," Ul^lhlMl 111 Mu. .SrUl<i;l'nN .Sikwaui, Ihiuiim; .\vkmik. 

■ ilili};enre and inle^rity he has nnw amassed a handsniiu' rniiipeleiiee. lie is a 
and an ( Iddrellnw, and belniins In the Rnyal .Vre.mimi. 

lay. line nl the iiinsl extensive iniitiMi inrs in Tninnln. Ilnrn .it W'isbeeh, 

■ was liltx live ye.irs nl' af;e ,it the time nl his de.ilh in .\pril, iSSi^. .Mr. \()rke 

I .mie In Canada thirty years a(;o, and alter a 
" "• residence nl' ten years in I'eterbnrn' settled 
ill Tnrnntn. I'lu first wiirk he iindertnnk llie eieelinli nl the ( InveriinielU Uniise. 
He was al'terwards identil'ied with many ol' 
the largest building enterprises in Toronto, 
ineliiding \nnne Street .Vrcade, Old St. 
.Viidrew's (hureh, Carlton Street Church, the 
liaiik III' .Montreal, and the Standard li.iiik. 
.Mr. \'nrke, who was a man nl' industry 
and prnbity, a prominent member nl 
linnil Street Cnnnregatiniial Cluireh. His 
death at a inmparalively e.irly age was deeply 

The siibslantial lesideiice nl Mr. 
Henry l.ueas, eniitraetnr, at S60 College 
Street, was erected in i.SSy, by liimseH. .Mr. 
I, mas has erected many important buildings 
in I'lirnmn. including the Sick Children's ( 'nllege .\venue. the Toronto Club, 
\'ork and Wellington Streets, the liiirnside 
Lying ill Hospital, and tiie liarber \- I'.llis 
( 'oiiip.iny's waiehniise. This well-known 
cnntr.ictnr isa native nl I'ortsmnuth, T'.iiglaiid. 
where he was bnrn. Oeceiiiber ,51st, 184(1. 


Tin: CITY s HOMES I I/OS/: 117/0 (>ux. /7..i.y. .i.y/> /n///> ////:.)/. 

TllK l.All. \ll;. I.i'lNKI. VOKl.K. 

uiuil jliciut till' \ iS;.). «lu n lu- iiiiinMil In ■roriintn 

lie r.iiiK' tci Ciiiail^i HI 1S71. h.iMiij; |iivvi(iu--ly will ina'-U'rvil liis Um\c. mikI has sinco licvii I'ully occiipii'il. lie was first High 
Chief Raiimr of ihe Aiirienl Order nf I'oresler^ in ihe 1 Idiniiiidii, and was lar,i;ely iiislniniemal in oluainiiig the charter from 

I'ainlind fur tile Mihsidiary 1 Ii:^h ( 'mil 1 Inr Canada. Mr. laii-as is a liaptist, and a 
ineinher of Uorir l.cid^e, .\. I . .V A. \l. 

.Ur. John Malonev, dealer in stone and huildin}; iiialerial, was l)orn of Irish 
parenls in 'I'droiilo, Aii;.;iist 15th, 1S4S. After receiving a primary ediieation in the 
Separate Selioofs, Mr. .Malonev bef;an Inisiness life as a teamster and Iwii years altcr- 
wards hecaine a dealer in hiiildini; stone. Siihseinieiitly he was appointed afjeiit for 
the Credit l-ork-. Stone l.liiarries. In 1SS5 li.- pun h.ised a quarry at Shaw Station on 
the C.I'.K. and shorth afterwards opened a liriek yard at the lliiniher, from \\\m\\ he 
now lurns out a larj;e ainoiiiu of hiiildin,:; material. .Mr. Maloney lives on liroek 
.\\eiuie, and a \ iiw of his eosy home is ^iven in this work. He is a inemlier ol the 
.\neient Order of I'oresters and Treasurer of the Calholie Mutual lienelu Association. 
The neat and sulisiantial stihiirhan home of Mr. James Clarkson. on I'arkdale 
.\veniie, is sitiiati' on e\tensive [grounds ii\ a desirable section of the city now liein^; 
laid out in liihUlin;^ --iu^. The iisidence is of red liric k, with a western outlook, and 
i^ modern in st\le and piclure-.i|ue in appear.mce. Mr. Clarkson, who is of .\meri< 
deMcnl, w 1-. Iiorn in the ( 'oiinty of N'ork, in iS;S. his lather, .Mr. Miliary Cl.nkson, 
li.n inj; manv ve.ns agii emii;r.ited Irom New \'ork, of which .State he was a native, and 
sittleil in the Township of .M.irkh. un. where he lonj; resided and was intich .vspecled 
I IV all who knew him. 'The sulijecl of this sketch was eiiganeil in aj;ricultural pursuits 
Tn-viou^ to hi^ coming here, Mr. Clarkson |lurcha^ed the valualile 

property on which he now resides, and for vi.irs had it under cultivation a^ a in.irketi;arden. l.,itterl\, some portions 

of the propertv have been l.iid out in lots 

siiit.ilile for suburban residences, .\bout 

ele\en years ago, Mr. Clark-.on m.uricil 

Miss Catherine lloultcn, of Toronto. 

He is .1 Relormer in p.ilitics. 

The (,luccns Hotel has Ion;; luld 

a leadinj; pi, ice .imonn the resorts of the 

Iravellini; |iublic in Toronlo. The pro- 
prietors, .Messrs. .Mi'Ciaw \' W'innett, 

besides possessini.! great personal popular 

ilv, are experts in catering to the wants ol 

their guests. Su<h distinguished visitors 

as the ( irand 1 >uke .\le\is of Russia, Trince 

Leopold. Trinix' ( Icoige. the 1 )uke and 

Duchess of Connatight, the .Manpiis ol 

l.orne, the T'.arl and Countess of Hufferin. 

the M.inpiis of l.ansdowne. Lord and 

l.,idv St.inlcs, and Sir John Maiilonain, 

ha\e lii.ide the (Jiiecii s their home wliile 

in Toronto. The liotel, which for more 

than a geiier.itioii has In en ideiilliied with 

the growth and deselopmen'. of the 1 ilv, 

couun.inils a splendid view of Toronlo ll.n 

andl.ake( Int. 1 no. It is elegantly furnished 

throughout, .Hid IS surr<iunded bv bi'auti 

fill ground-. It has ,111 e\( clliiil cuisine 

and wine cellar, and llu' table ,ittendanii' 

and genenil are su( h as give 

unbounded satisfiction. 

The Kossill 1 lollse is one oftlic best 

known and most leiitr.ilK loi aled hotels 

in Toronto. Situated at the corner of 

King .ind \ ork Slreels, it is on the route of almost every line of strcit ( .irs that Ir.ucrse the i ilv. I'or forty years this hotel 

has been one of the institutions ol the city, and on more that one 01 cision it has been the home of visiting roy,dty. Thi' 

I'rinte of Wales, Prince .Mired, antl Trince Leopold, have all made the Kossill their headiiiiarters while in ToioiUo, Tile 

"lloN ViiiA," UKsiiirM K Ol- .Mil. S. 11. lii-.i i;ii---s, ItnriMiviKw .\vf.niik. 



Ros-~iN IlorsH DiNrN'; IIai.i. 

propriolors, Messrs. Ni'lsoii liros., toniKTly nl llalil.ix, N.S., have ivifiitly hicii iiiipniviiig the inlciior ikcorations, and liavc 

ciivcrfil till' walls and cfiliiiiis of many rooms ami |iailinirs will) niagiiiliivnt works of art. Tin.' dci-orations of the spacious 

(lining room arc c\iccdirij;ly hcaiiliful anil ornate. The house is ca|ialile of accommodating four lunulred and lilt) guests. It 

is known among the wealthier classes of 

travelling Americans from Maine to ( ali 

fornia. ICvery improvement that modern 

science lan suggest has lieen added to the 

Ko'.sin, and today il is one of the most 

popular holds in Canada. 

The Walker House is the first IkjIcI 

of any prominence that meets the eye of the 

traveller on his arrival at Toniiilo. It is 

situated at the corner of N'ork and front 

Streets, it overlooks the liay and Lake 

Ontario, and is e\ceedingls convenient to 

the station. The scrupulous ( leanliness of 

the huilding and the homelike comforts it 

aflords always ensure it a large share of the 

patronage of the tr.ivelling pulilic. (liksls 

to the number of 170 ( ,m lie seated in the 

large and cheerful dining room. An elevator 

affords access to the 135 sleeping 

apartments, all of vvhi<'h are I'onnecled by 

electric calls with the ollii e. The upper 

corridors are laid out m the shape of a 

s(|uare, basing exits from two opposite corner-.. This makes il Impossible for fire to cut off retreat, and at ihes.ime tinu' secures 

that perfect ventilation which m.ikes ihe Walker House one of the coolest hotels in Canada for suiinner guests. ()i. theopposite 

corner of h'ront Street, the Walker liouve annex affords excellent sample rooms for commercial men. .\sMici.iied witli Mr. 

Daviil Walker in the proprietorship is .Mr. John Wright, under whose management the business has been for some time past. 

In the ofli( I' the fai f of .\Ir. I>a\id l.i\ingston has been familiar for the past twelve years, while .Mr. John (Jrimes, formerly of 

the Cir.ind Union, Ottavv.i. .mcl Mr. I.iiucs I'. II. I'indl.iy, are more recent though .scarcely less popular attaches. 

The l.akeview Hotel, ol uhiih Mr. John \\\k: is proprietor, occupies a commanding site at the corner of I'.irli.iment 

and Winchester Streets. It is .111 ex< client uptown hotil and is r.ipidly growing in fa\(nir as ,1 resort for the tr.ivelling public 

and families. ICIei trie bells and bath-room^ are pro\ ided 011 c\ci\ Hit. 'I'liere is a gooil lawn, telelihone communication and 

, convenient access to cars for all parts of the 
lily. Iron and patent rope lire es<-,ipes are 
placed in every apartment, so that guests are 
sei lire from danger of fire. This hotel is 
not far from the Horticultural Ciardens and 
Kiverdale I'.irk. It is kepi scrupulously neat 
and inviting throughoiii. 

The I",lliott House is siluateil ,it the 
corner of Chi'if h and Sluiler Streets, in a 
loc.ilily whiih affords a pleasing view from 
every window. It is ,1 comfortable family 
hotel aiul has recciitb been entirely rclittcd. 
I'he proprietors, Mr. Jiplin Hirst ,ind Mr. J. 
W. I lirst, who is also m.mager.are experienced 
hotelkcepirs. The former has been thirty 
\ears in the business, and the latter has 
travelled eleven ye.irs through the Hominion. 
Adjoining the hole! is a l.irge l.ivvn sh.ided b\ 
some line Irees. The illisine is one of the 
best eipiipped in roronto. Tlu' I'.llioit 
House sixlv sleeping ap.irlinenls, besides 
.imple parlours and re.iding rooms, .\ltliough 
near the 1 eiilrc of the lity it possesses all the of an uptown liotel. 

W.VIKIIi llol -I , ( OUNH! OK H I.ONl AMI \i'l;K SlUVMs. 



I'cilTI MliiN, 
I I ^ I'm -1 N I 


ki:ai i:si\ ii:, .\m« riiosi-. wiio ikai iic in ii', 

■l'iiK<iNro I':ni\ui;is 111 k r.(M\h\u\. I'm Mi\ii N \i l\<ui\^i IN nil I'ln^ Kivin. Aii\\mi ami Civh Consi i,h i n. i . Win Iuuiin m I1\ik-.iii.i .h; Mmsimn iiii Kmim 

AnNIVM ICXI'ANMON ? S\M;riM \Mi NiiN Swi.l IM \|IU^ CM IIII I I 11 Ul. 

LI.AI'S .iiiil liciuniK is iIk' riL;inv whii'li iiici>l .in iir.ik'lv (kiKilis thr surci'ssivf sl.ii;c> in ihc iiMiii; mmU' cif v.ilui-. ill i1k- 
.is>v>' prdpiTlv (if rorciiiti) within llio \\\^\ twci iKi'.uli-'. I'lu' iiidv.iM.' ivtii in the l.i^l till \c,ir> lias lict-n 
V In 1871), tliL- value nf 
tlic city's assL'ssalilc pri>|KTly a 
tnlk' nvi.1- lil'ty iiiillidus, (if wliicli alioiit a sixth 
rLpr(si.iUL(l p(.Ts( priipi.Tty ami iiicdiiu'. tin- 
aiiiaiiiiicr ln-iiii; realty. Last year (iSSi))tlic 
assossiiu'iit values had risen to over one liiindred 
and thirty si\ millions! Than these ligiires, 
with those which mark the ei|ually (:raiifyini; 
increase of pupiilalinn within the s.une period. 
nothinn loiild lietler indicate lhei;reat stride the 
citv has taken in the p.isi ten ye.irs, The 
alisorption liy the city of the siihurlian \ill.i,L;is 
to some e\tent, of course, ai counts for this 
astounding; increase and the creation of four 
new wards. The less sanguine citi/en. we know, 
tells Us we are fori;ini; ahead too fisi, 
we .ire lirowiiii; at the expense of the smaller 
lowiis of the rrovince. and wi- cannot 
expect, ill the near future at any rate, to 
maintain anything like the ratio of this rapid 
expansion. I'ossilily he is right. On the other 
hand, it is unlikely thai the city, having readied 
such a position as it now .itlained ,iiid 
established itself in all the elements of wealth 
and consoi|Ufnce. will in .my degree liackslide 
or lose its present metropolitan eminence. 
.Nevertheless, in recent vcirs. I'oronto has taken int 

Ki^iniM \ 

Mi;. liKMAMix LaN'Iikv, HkoM'Vikw .Aiisri. 

.MK 1- KA.M 1> (-AVl.KV. 

its iiirporate a verv large and out sjiiead .uea. whi( h we ni.iy 
for a time find it diliii iilt prolital)l> to utili/e. the more so ,is specul.ition. r.ither 
than actual need, has r.ither exir.iv.ig.i nth run up its \,iliie. Hut we .ire not '.iss.indra, 
,111(1 have faith in the luture. Iielieving llie enterprise ol investors in i itv properly 
will m due time meet with its reward, .mil in the estate men of loronto 
•ind their ventures, Wisdom «ill lie jiisiilied of her children. When one ri'alls 
fidiii what the city has grown, no liounds seem in reason possible to set lor its 
luture. What (iovernor Simcoe's feelings would be were his shade now to rcvisii 
the s( ene of his once embryo capital, it would take a romalici ,t to describe. I.mii 
Toronto's first mayor would be at a loss to recogni/e the city, still less its modern 
water-front, into which llie youthful idolators of the iMiiiilv ( 'oiiipai t threw thegrcit 
Radical's fonts of type and printing press. .\t e\ery point sli,irp contrasts present 
themselves, the extreme being that whii h puts the value of the assessable property 
of the city to-day .against the sum (ten shillings:) for which, tradition has it. the 
whole tract on which Toronto is now built origin. illy purchased Iroiii the 
Mississaga Inili.ins. 

Mr. T'ranc is ( 'a vie), soii of the l.itc I Ion. W illi.iiii < '.i\le\. was born at T^liiisli'y 
\ ilia. Toronio. I'ebruary 7th, 1S45. lie ediic .iiecl at I'pper (',iii,i(i,i College, 
and was for more than fifteen years (cmnected with the Hank of ioronlci. Since 
iSHi, when he entered the real estate business, .Mr. ('a> ley has been closely icientilied 
with the growth and developiiieiit of Toronto. His inlimate knowledge of the \alue 
of properties, and his liiyh reputation as a man of business have caused his advice 



to W widi'lv sdu;;!!!. Tvaiing his lirn-at;f liaik Id one of tlit- oldi'st l'aiiiili<> nl' l".iit;lnn(l, Mr, ( 'a) ley is naturally inclined t(i 
(Dnserv.iti'-in in |iciliii(s. 'I'n ac livi- and inc!n-.trinus lialiils lie owes lus siinrss in liiisines-.. and these and other exeelleiU 

.\IU. II. II. Will IAM-. 

Mil. i;. .A. \l.\i I'MNAIh, 

.MK. <;. \V. liASKS. 

i|iialities have earned lor liiin eiiiiiieiliv in his walk of lile. as well as the respert and CDnridenee (if the eninimiiiity. In religion, 
Mr. Cayley is a nieinluT of the Church of l-jigland. His brother i> the worthy Rector ol St. ( leorge's. 

Mr. Ilerlierl Hale Williams, real estate and linancial liroker. was liorn Sepleniher ;isl, \f.hz. While a pupil at Louisa 
Street School, he was awarded a scholarship. In which he was enaliled to become a student at the I'Droiilo Collegi.ite Institute. 
Since opeiiiiii; his present ■olVnes, .it s.) Cliinh Sired. Mr. W illi.iiiis est.iblished a reputation as an exceptionally expert 
broker, .md one who .itteiids to the interests ol his diiiits in the w.iv most piolit.ible to them. His ollices are handsomely 
lurii^^iiOd .111(1 have a lireprool \.iult wlure doc umentsor ilieiits are s.ilely filed ,iw,i\. .\lr. Willi. mis is a member of the Masonic 
frateVnitv, the Soils of laigl.ind. and tin- I'resbyteri.m ('lunch. 

.Mr. Hugh .MacM.ilh was born in the Township of (ioderich, ( ouiity of Huron, July .^otli, i.S4i. .After receiving a 
training in the London College, he entered the liusiness of accounlaiit, estate and insurance agent. His present 
office is in St. .\lbaiis W.ird, formerly known as I'arkdale. .Mr. Ma<Malli wis Reeve of the X'illage and Town of I'arkdale from 
i.SS.t till iS.S;. and trustee of the Collegi,ile Institute ill i .'s.'^S. He is tre.isiirer of tlie Home fur Incurables, and takes an 
active interest in Sund.u School ,iiid I'rison w.nk. Mr. MacMath is ,i member of the Presliyleri.m Church, and has 

long been connected with the .Masonic fra- 
T - ternily. 

.Mr. Isaac I.eiinov. land .igciit, was 
born ill the County of Siiiicoe, .\iigust I7tli, I'litil twenty-nine years of age Mr. 
Leiino\ a tiller of the soil. He spent 
fi\e vears thereafter in the milling business, 
removing to Toronto, in 1.S76, to engage in 
the lumber trade. This < ailing he followed 
several vears, till he reliii(|uished it to become 
a land agent. Mr. Lennox was a niemlier of 
I'.irkd.ile Council in 1SS4. Reeve in 1S.S7, 
.melon the annexation of the town to Toronto 
in iSSS, he became one of the alderinanic 
representatives of the new W ,ncl of St. .\lbans. 
Mr. l.eiinov is an active member of I'arkdale 
Methodist Clnirch, and as Chairman of the 
lUiilding Commitlee. took an important p.irl 
111 securing the erection of the m.igliificeiil 
111 H cdilici ,it the corner of King Street ,ind 
I hinii .\\fniic. 

Mr. I'.incsi .Mlurl M.k iloii.ild. well 

known as the founder of Chester, from his 

Iii..usiirK-i , l;i siiifNc K 01 Mil. c, I'. Ma'.anx.; .XM'Mk. close identification with that rising suburb. 


A'A.//. .i\/> 1 //OS/-: i\//o ik.miic i\ it. 

\v;is licirii IKMV ihi- I own nl Unukvillc. (Inl.. NiiMiiilpcr l^l. |S5(). lie ic-rriMcl .1 41iur.1l t(lui',ilii)ii ;U ruiiiiiln. ;inil ;i iiiiliuirv 
lraiiiiii;4 it Kinji^liui. Mr. \l,ii ihin.ilil cinir'. cm an < Ali-nsi\r liu-.iiu'ss as ;i luiiliKi .nul (k-.ilir In i\mI isl.ilr. In iS.Sd lie was 
i-lccli-il liy till- vclll•^^ dl' St. M.nks W.ncI, In ri|HiMnl lluan in iIk- Cily Cdiiniil. Ilr h.i-- ^mri.' riin.iiiuil .111 .ulur iiuinlm- (if 
that l)(«lv, liL-iiii; new ilu- .ildtrinanir rr|irc^iiU.iliM' of Si. Janu^' W'.nd. .Mr. M.iiilnn.ilil 1 llnl^^u■ll I'.ast I urnnlii .11 llu- l.isl 
('■ I >nMiiniiin l.Krtiiui. as all IniK|Hnilinl ca nil ii laic. Thniiiili si ill .1 uiimn man, his naiiu' i-< a well kniiwn ihk- in rnronln. 
In polilic s, Mr. .M.u (Inn.iM is .1 l.iln'ral ( 'iinsirvalivi-. and in rrlijiinn. a I'lvsli) 

uri.iii. IK' In .1 iiK'inliir III' ilic MaMiiiir. 

Oildklinu .ind (iond Iriniilar Orders. 

Mr (ii(iii;i- WiUnn Hanks, c^'.aU-, 

iiisuranrr ,ind s^ciuaal aginl, rnriur nl' 

(,iikin .mil \ic-t(iria .Strivts, w.i^ Imm mi 

.March I4di. i.S^i.iii l.ivcr|)iHil, |-.iii;laiul. 

lie c.unc 111 riiriinlo in iS6j, .mil .illcr 

rci'cixin,;; .1 ^iniil Lirniindinj; in 

lliis I it\ .issiii i.ilcil Inl ili-\cn \cars 

Willi -Mr. \\ . r. M.isiin in liii^'ino^. Since 

1X7(1, .Mr. Hanks lollowcd his prcNciu 

iicciipalion with incrcasiiis; siicccs. The 

I'lcvlisii li.iii lindy receives his snjijHin. 

Mr. |. |. Threlkeld «.is linrn in 
lipriinlii in ilie \ iSd:. .iiid >ini 1 

resided in llii-. 1 il\ lie .ilkndid. as .1 

yimlli, ihe I'lililic .mil .Mmlcl Si hmiK. 

Sinci.' entering the real eslale liiisiness .is 

head 111' the llrni 111' |. |. 'I'hrelkeld iV ( 11., \|| |,,„ ij-,n,,x. 

he has had a wide lAj.ericnce in li.milliiij^ 
|irii|ierlie-. I'lie ollice .il the lirni is ,11 ici .\ilelaiile Street Mr. 1 lirclkeld iileiitilii'd Willi llu- e.irU i;rii\vlh ol ihe 
'I'liwii III I'arkdale, nl' which lie .1 ('niiiicillnr m 1.H.S6 and 1.S.S7. lie is ,1 ill pnlilii s. and ,1 rrisliMcri.m in religinli. 
-Mr. William ISell linrii .11 Wnnlwic h, I'.n^, Se|iUinlicr ()lh, i.'^.V'. ISeiiiu lirniij;hl tn ('.iii.ida at .1 \cry e,irl\ .i.^e 
he le.irned the trade nl machinist in .\t the .i,i;e iif iij;hteen he iniiied the ()ran^;e SmicU in .md since 
occupied llie ch.iirs up to that nl Cmmu .M.isUr. which he tills at present. He .i incmlicr nl' tin- I'lililic Si hnnl lln.ird nl 

Mk. Will lAM llu 1 . 






M K. t. I. 1 II l^h I kt I 1'. 

Ml., lit ..II \l V. \I.M1I. 

■Iiirnnin Inr einlil ve.irs, lieummiin with 1.S7S, I'rciin iSHi In i,S,S4 he a ineinlier ol' llie ('it\ Cniincil. rcsi^miiL; in i.ike the 
positinii nl i,i\ cnllecior. Ill iHS.S he w,is ri' .lected and is still the represeiil.ilive nl St. Sleplun's Ward. In pnhlics Mr. Ilcll 
was a staunch ( 'opiservalive until the pass.ig,' nl the Jesuit Install s' Hill caused him In sever himsell Iroiii p,iru pnhlics. ||c 
since been a supporter of ihc l'.i|iial Kighls .\ssoci,itjon, in Ihe inleresl oC which he madi' .1 unnd run in rnrniiln Inr llie 
l.cgiskilure at the list elect inn, .Mr. Hell I lie lirsi In jnin the Trim c nl \\ .il< s' kcjjiment in .Mnntrcil ,md enicied Inr ser\ ne 

REM. ESIA'I E. .l.\/> THOSE WHO IK A El- 10 l.\ II'. 1''" 

will, ilu' OiuiM., ()«n Kill.- .imiiii; llu- Tiviu .ilhnr. IK' i- a nuinlar ..I' llu' \l,i-„,nH- lialcniily, Sens „r ICimlaml, K.iyal, Si. (IcMV^Sucktv, A.O.L'.W.. ()r.k-r..rcim«n I'rR', Sclm KninlUs ..I A.O.T.U.. ami tlu- I nr„Ml.. lioaril ..I 
IracK'. Mr. I!l1I is a NK'tliiuliM and Imperial iVdrralioiiisl. He is senior (if the linn nl Win. IVll \ Son. , and «.k..1 

iiRTrliants. ami real estate 
and insurance agents. 

Mr. I'.rnesi W . 1 >. I'.ut 
ler. was horn in lliililin, 
Ireland, June i'>tli. 1X55. 
lieing liroiif^lit to ( anaila at 
an early age lie reeeiMcl his 
ediieation in Toronto. His 
present enterprise, established 
liy his father in 1.S60, and 
carried on liy Mr. I'.iitlcr since 
i.S.So. is that of selling, juir- 
chasiiig and managing projier 
ties, investing money, valuing, 
arliitrating..inddoinga life and 
fire insurance liiisiness. Mr. 
liutler is ['resident of the 
( ' S,i\iiigs. ,nid 
liuilding .\ssociation, and 
N.iluator for several loan 
coinp.inies. lie is (ir.tnd 
Secretary for the Sovereign 
Sanctiiarv of Canada and and 
( ) I leeliiasonrv. .;,i . 
^(i . i|o . anil is .1 nieinlier ol 

lU II.KN. K,,l Ml. 1,1.0. lAI I KMU, loKMU 01 KlM.MKKK.I AM . llOVVMNC, .\\ IM 1 . ,|„. !.().( ). l., the 1 . (). I'.. 

Roval,.\rc,iiiiini, ( Irange .\ssociatioii. \oiing Men's l.ilieral-Coiiserv.iiive .\s^^,i,ltion. .mil I'.nard of I'rade. .Mr. lluller is a 
rreslivleri.m and a ( 'onserv.itive, lielieving ill the laiiLil Right- niovemenl ,irid supporting it. 

.Mr. l,oiii-,(). 1'. Celiereiiv. of the linn of l'.eiKivii\ \ 1 .lovd. est.iie lirokers. v\a> liorn at lierthier. I'.n ll.uil. July 
>'isi. iS:;i. II, received .1 •4oo,l edlic.ition .it Si. \intciir ( 'ollege. liertllier. I luring his Kiimection with the 

\li;. I.. II I'. (ifNruFi'N. 

Mk. j. I. tlllAII VM. 

.\1k. I. I. .\|. ISIVKK. 

estate linsiness Mr. Ceiiereilv has charge of tlu' \aiiglian est.ite, the .Miles estate, the Wakefield estate, the Wyckvvood I'errace 
estati', and many others, lie is M.inaging-I >livctor of the Cilv and Mistricl Land and Loan ( 'onip.iny of Toronto. .\s a real 
estate liroker he is well ,ind fiviiur.ililv known iii llie < ilv. I lis liiisincss career has been a very successful one. Ills careful 
aileiition to the ini.iesi of ( lienls .iiul lilienil use ol .iilv.riising mediums enable him almost invariably to elTect speedy sales. 



Mr. Ciooa'c I'.uilkiuT, real I'slak' hnikir, wa?. Imrn in ••■■■■npiVtPt^l'pniSIOT i' ''l'*!^^. nPW'^' Wl;'' . 
I'jiniskillcn, Iri'land. Angus! iitli, 1.S4J, and (.(liiiati'd at tlio 
Rnyal S( liool. I'Drtora. Irclaiul. Mr. I'aiilkiicr was fur live 
years assiH'ialcd with Mr. ICrastiis W'iman in tlic news piihlisliing 
Imsiiicss and afterwards eiintiiiiied in the same line on his own 
ai'iMlMit. He was eiig.iged for scinie lime in the bout andshni' 
trade, till in iS;; lu- entered the real estate liiisiness. His 
present ul'tiee i> at z\ .\delaide Street I'.ast. Mr. I'aiilkner 
heen one of the City .\ssessiirs and ICmigranI .\j;ent inOiitarin 
lor liritisl) ('oliiml)ia. His line residenee is at the rorner ol 
King .Street and Howling .\vemie. anil is sunuwlial in the 
.Moorish style of arihiteetiiii'. 

Mr. John I. Melntvre, e^l.ile .igeiil .mil v.ilu.ilor, is 
liy birth a Canadian, having iieen born Manh 1st, iS.);. in the 
Township of North Ciore. Coiinty of Carleton. Ontario. I'he 
public schools in the locality where lie born e'lmpped hini 
with the educ.ition with whiih he started on his business 
career. \\ tweUe^ of .ige he went into the lumber business 
at ( ttt.iu.i. He came lo Toronio and for seven \e.irs was fore 
man of the I'oronto I'olt and Iron Wiprk-. I'or se\ir,i! \e.irs 
past he devoted his attention to estate. .Mr. Mi Intyre 
is .1 I'resbyteri.m anil an active member of the IndepeiiiKnl 
( )rder of I'oresters. 

.\inong the ititerprising younger real estate agents in 
Toronto, is the firm of Messrs. Murdoch ,V Wilson, composed 
of Kenneth Murdoch anil Thomas Wilson. The former is ,1 
n.iiive of Kingston, although luosi of his life wa^ spent in 
I'oronto, and the latter, "to the manner born." lioth gentle 
men had a practical business experience before joining in 
their present enterprise. .\t the time of their advent as estate 
agents there were not more than twenty agencies of that ilk in 
Toronto, and the young linn soon a pros|ieri)Us and 
profitable business. Their oltices were originally on Wellington 
Street ; nine years ago they located on \'ictoria Street, where they remain. In adililion to ihc business iisu.ilK ir.ins.icud m 
an estate agency, they make a specially of lending money on first diss ciu .iiid l.irni propcrl\ and .ivoicj .ill ,peciilali\e ventures, 
preferring to guide their ilients in safe investments. 

Mr. Donald ( 'auipbell, real estate broker, born near liarrie, July ijth, i.S.);, c onus of Scotch parents. His education olitained at the liarrie (iraminar School, from which he came to Toronto, and iiitered the employnieiit of Hughes liros.. 
wholi'-.ile drv-goods merchap'^. Siib--eiiuenlly he served three years in the Hank of 'Toronto, when he was .ippointcd 

of the liarrie brani h. He afterwards 

for four years associated with the liispec 

tor's department of the Hank. lieing 

compelled by ill health to relax attention 

to busine-s he took an eMendeil ocean 

\oy.ige. m\k\ on reluming spent some ye.irs 

III the luiiibrniig business, .issociated with 

\\ . K. hurt \- Co. In i.SS;, he enlered 

Ills present business, building .in imposing 

block at West Toronto junction, which 

he sold for $fio,ooo. .\Ir. C.inipbell is a 

Presbyterian. 'Through his efforts St. 

.'iiidrew's Societv at I'.irrie org.ini/ed 

in i.S; 1, .mil he is now .111 honoured hic 

iiiiiiilicr o' the .Sociel\. 

Mr. Irederiik (leorge, of the 

firm of I'. (;. iV Co., real estate. 

I'mancia' inil insurance brokers, was born 

al Souih.s iipton, H.impshire, {•'aiglaiid. 

His l.itlier \\.. killed tthile allem|iting to 

run the bloi .ade during; llii' 

Kfsidi \ 

\ h 1 N A .\ \ K N r I . 

-Mk. Thomas Wilson. 

Mil. Ki wi- 1 11 Mciiiiocii. 



MiffSKSfi '"•"." '-^^^'f^' 

war of secession, licing Icll ;in orplian :il ;ii) r;irly ;i^i>, yoiiiif,' I.ce started Inisiru'ss (in his own account before he was seventeen 

years old. Coming to Toronto in 1.S72 he made his (irst veriliire asan upholsterer, and carried on a successl'ul liusiness, leavinji 

it six years aj^o to devote liis attention to real estate, in which line he is ei|iiallv 

successful. Mr. is a ineinlicr of the l.( ).( ).l'., the Sons of l'',U|.;laiul, and the 

Kiiy.d Templars of Temperance, lie owis his success entirely to liritish pluck. 

.Mr. Rufus Orinond Uhilhy, of the firm of (iraliain \- Whitliy. real estate 

and fMiani i.d brokers, w\;s born in the County of Leeds, ( )jitario, in the year iSfii. 

lie resided for some lime at M.ukd.ile, where he took an active interest in the 

\oiinfi .Men's Liberal Club, of which he became President. Coming to Toronto he 

Inrnicd hi> present business relations, which have proved successful. The firm, 

besides transaclinn business connected with real estate, have fire and life insurance 

agencies, furnish valuations, loan money and manage estates. .Mr. W'hitbv is a 

worthv member of the Methodist Church. 

.Mr. John |. (mmIkuu, binlder, 

estate broker and valuator, is a na;i\e of 

( 'auada, lia\in}; been born in tlu' Countv 

nl \cirk. N'ovember the .;nd. I.S5J. He 

received a good public schodl educ.itioii at 

.\urora, Ont., and coming to Toronto in 

i.S,S5, started his present liusiness, which 

has already shown .dl the elements of 

^^^^^ success. Mr. Crah.ini i> cdniieiiid with 

.\It{. DoN.^Mi Cwniiiii. ^^^^H 

^^^^» two henelu socniu^, tlu- Ari.miiin 

and the ()nlei ol Toreslers. lie is .1 

Melhndi^t and a .Steward of Duudas Street 

ChuK h. liiilh as a mechanic and as a 

merch.uU. Mr. ( Ir.di. un h,i^ .1 wide 

evpcrienc e. 

Mr. W . 1 1. N.i^h. esl.itc ,uid 

insuranie agent, was born in the ('ount\ 

of Lincoln, on the Kth of .Mar( li. iN.;;. 

.M'ter receiving a good education in tlu- 

ptiblic sihools, he worked .rs a mech.niic 

till hi-- twenty filth \e.n-. when lu- obiaiiu'd 

a Tro\iiui,i! c.rtilii .cic. Tor eiL;hl \ears he taught school, a pan of the Imu- in the 

( 'oil- giate Institute at St. ( 'alharines. 
Mr. N'.ish was agent for the ( '(Miledera 
lion Life Insurance Company for si\ 
xcu--. till in 1887 he establisheil Iv'^, 
pre^enl business. lb' is a working 
member ol the ^l^■lhoch^t ('lunch, and 
Superintendent of the Suiid.n Sihool of 
Iterean .Methodist Church, Toronto West 

In ( '.inad.i theri- ,iie, in ihc l-aiglish sense, not in, my houses ,iiul no great 
territorial families. In the .New World democracy reigns, and its I'ommunitics 
are little accustomed to l)e dominated by the inlhieiiies of a landed gentry 
or of a single ruling house. .\s wt-.ilth increase-, there will no doubt coine into 
the siM-ial svsteili lords of many acres .iiid holders of cMcusive landed estate^. In 
time we may also look for large addition-- to the i.iiiks of iiu-n of (oinpeti-ncc and 
liisiire, and see arise the great city mansion ,iiul, here and there in the kind, the 
line property of the country gentleman. In ih ■ city's suburbs we have, already, 
not ,1 few handsome residences, and no lack of eligible sites on which to build 
more. Some of the old family homesteads are also (u-casionally coming into the 
m.irket, within tolerablv easv reach ofthecitv, and these, with their often pictiiresiiue 
sites, are desirable acciuisilioiis for moderni/ing and making into an eiijov.ible 

1 iiimlr\ home. " T.iilloiiwood," on ilu I lumber, the village of Weston, is one of these. It has rei entl\ been purchased. 

with its f.irin of eighty acres, by Mr. Charles I.indsey, of lieverley Street, as a summer residence. It is charmingly 

situated, on a high point of land, from whi( h beautiful views up and down the Tl limber arc had, with a fine stretch of meadow, 

at the foot of the wooded bluff, whii h recalls manv ,1 lo\el\ bit of ( )ld T.nnl.ind. 

I-. (). I.I K 

Mu. K. II. Winriiv. 

.1 '■' 

'\ I.l-^I IK. 


i(\u.u/:A'(7.i/. roh'OMO. ./.w ////•; i////:is oi- co.\/.\/i:h'iE. 

ciiAi' i'i:r XXII, 

COMMI.KCIAI lOKliN l(), AMI I 1 1 1 . ( 1 1 1 i;l > I H COM \l i:k( T;, 

(iKiiMo \-. \ ru \|i|\i. I'm^i ( 'i>\ I i; \~i I ii \\nt\ IciucNici mi M 1 I i;i iImi n \N lI'Aii .11 ( 'iivnii K( I,. Tin Ciiv's 
I'.Nrnki^ \Mi l\iriiuix, \M, 1,11 |)i 111^ l.i\iiii ii\ iHi l.Miii;, Si\ii-iii^ hi nil r,.i\Kii i>i Iumh. 
rii^iM>--(ii III! lipKiiNKi |'ii.,| ( )i I 1. ( . SciMi Ki ii;i ^1 N I \ I n I MiKcllwi^ wn ihiik I.s i'U|>i s. 

A I KAI i| N( i !'( IS r in ilu- lumli ii'niiiu-. rDiniiiu lii^l i.iiiu- iiiln luiu-. ami it Is ii.uii al 
.IS wi'll as yr.ililyinu In I'lnil llu' iil> nlindav iiiaintaliimn willi cn'dil In itsi-lT anil its 
toilrrs its I'miiK'Mir in i niiiiiuiii-. \\\' liavf already |MilMti.(l mil that at tlii' |)i-rlii(l n( 
till' ('niniiirsl tluri- was a laii^i' InisJiKss dniu' .it I'lUt rcnoiitii \vltl\ tlic Indiaiis, and tliat 
nadirs wdiild li.ivi' liriii willing, tlii' |ic>sl liii'ii inaiiilaiiicil, to (jiw as iiuK li as a 
thiiiisiiid |iniiiids l(ir tlic niiiiiopoly iil' tlu' si\is(in's trade. Siixc then we have ha<l (Uine 
mill incinw|i.ilies. Init uiie it desiralile In reM\e lluia it «onld har<lly be |)()ssilile In |>ul 
in li^iin s iIk' sum uhii h wnnlil liny at .i l.iir v.dii.itinn the innn(i|i(ily nf a si'asnn's tr.ule nl 
tlu' inndern cMpital, \\ tn (l.i\ are the ai;i;ri'nate prnrits nf 'I'drnntn's enmineree 
«e h.i\e nn means nl knnHini,', ami it is even diliieiilt tn asierl.iin with certainty wliat is the 
aijiireii.ile Xdhiine of her tr.icle. The diliii iilly arises rrnin the fact that not all nl 
tlu' ( it\ s im|inrts. and lull .1 tithe nl the (it) s i\|inrts, pass through the Toronto ( 'iislom 
House. I'mlialily He sliould nnt lie far astray in niir estimate il' we i|iioled the fiiiiires 
whic h represint the sum oT the exports .nul impnrts nl the wlmle I'rnvinii'. and el,iiiiu'<l 
one lentil nl' ihe Inriiur .ind niie hall' nl the I. liter as Tnrnnto's sh.ire of the gross ir.ule. 
Let Us iniote ihesi figures, iwtnly wars apart, as indie.iiing the growth of eonnnerie 
_-"'"^- ~ ■ ' within the two periods. The exports of ( )nt.irio. in 1.S61), were in round figures, twenty 

millions ; in i.S.Si), they were thirtv millions ; ilu' iiiipnrls in the fnrmer period were 

lwen*y-l'our millions ; in the latter, forty-three millions. The duties levied nn the impnrts were, in 1.S61). twn millions ; in iS.Si). 

eight millions. 'I'lie animal slateinent nf the 'rnronto Hoard of 'Trade, for the i.S.Si). furnishes parti, il eoiilirin.ition of Ihe 

rough estimate we h.i\e m.ide. We ■|iioie the ligiires. though with some mental reserv.ition as to their .leriiraey. in view 

we have said of the diflieulty of estim.iling the gniss v.iliie ii( the riu's exports, whir h How out of the c ity liy so many and 

varied < hannels. The stalisiies .ire: 

value of imports (i,S,Si|), $20.457. . ^76 ; duty 

paid thereon. $4..5.?<).''*.i') : l"''il value of 

exports (iSHy). $j.()(io,6,Si). .\nollier inili- 

eatinn of the extent of Toronto's comineri e 

is to he found in the sialistics of her I'nst 

( )lT»e. The mmilier nf letters delivered 

li\ r,irriers in the 1 ily w,is, fnr the year 18S1), 

nver thirteen millions, with a like niimlier 

posted at the office. 'This is exclusive ol 

hook packages, circulars, post-cards ami 

newspapers. In this m.i/e nf liusiness it i^ 

wonderful how little we hear of 1 orrespnnd 

eiice going astray, and credit is due to the 

office for its ruielyorgani/ed disiriliuting 

mellinds, safety ami despatch. Tn p,i\ .1 

passing (iiniplimenl in niie direction is. in 

this commercial age, to pay il in .ill. and to 

acknowledge the universality nf the Inn c^ 

and energies which iiin\e .md gnverii tlu 

whole machinery and every ramilicatinii of 

trade, 'TomiUn's share in this trade happily 

increases from year to year. How much 

enterprise and high, honest endeavour lie 

lichind it. the thoughlful niilnoker will not 

fail to note. .\ lity s commerce is not limit 

up withnut making dr.iughtsnii Ihe toiler's hrain and muscle. In his lalmiirs. both lor himself and tlii' c oiiimunilv, ni.iy 

there alw.ivs lie an .iniple and .1 lasting reward. 

Kl-l|iKS. K nl Ml;. C. K, S. IIINM. K. Si. I'.lnliOR SrillKr, 

iO\/.\//:h'C/.l/. ■/■(>A'().Y/t>. .I\7> /■///•; CIIIEIS D I COMMERCE. 


Mr. l-ndiiii k U \l<l, IumiI hI llu- will i.stal)li;,hc(l linn ol' Mom-.. W \I(I, (IimmII \ I )arliii(,', wholesale dry giiix 
is :i s(p|i (if .1 l.rllli iiii-nh.iiil : lii^ Lillu-r. William W'yid, liavirii; lircii a parliuT in llu' Iioiim- of Messrs. jaiiu's 

.Mr. Wylil. Iiiiili as a lin/rii and a in, in nl 

liilsiiiess, possesses llie liigli wortliy eliarae 

teristi( s of Ills iialioiialily. He was liorn al 

Si-olson I'ark, (^)ueensrerry, Seollaiid, I )ei ein 

l>er J4ll), iH^j, and was edmaled at Irvine 

Aeailenn. .Mr. \\ \ Id had .1 ihonmnh Inisines-- 

Iraininj; in I'alinlnirnh and {ilas);o\\ lielore 

einninj; to ( anada al the a^e of twenty two. 

lie loeatid in Hamilton, where he remained 

till 1.S72, when he removed tol'oronto. I lere 

his linn have reeenlly ereeled one ol' the 

linest w.irehoiises in Toronlo. Sinre 1S7.!. 

he has lieen |ironimently ideiitilied with the 

eoimnereial interests ol this eiiy. and is known 

as one of the eliiels of its trade and eoni 

nierie. .Mr. \\\ld is a llire'lor ol the 

Standard, the l.oiiilnn ,v ( )iitario 

ln\estiiuiil ( 'o.. .iiifl the I'oionio I ,.uid 

Investment ( d. He is also rresidenl of the 

I'ire InsiiraiKi' lAehan,i;e. .\s a Si oic hnian, 

he is a member of the St. .Vndrew's Soeietv, 

thoiif^h in matters of national well lieiii}; and 

senliment he is essentially a Canadian. He is a memlier of the ( liiireh of lamland. 

\'iews of his linn's line warehouse will lie found on this page. 

The view ol the extensive w.irehoii^e of Messrs. John .Mai'donald >V ('o., whii li we 
:.;ive in tluse p.i.ues. i^ of the Wellmi^lon Sireit front. The liuildings eMeiiil thidiii;h to 

l-'ront Street, and cont.iin tlu' most eMeii^ivi- stork of dr\ 1; K in ( ' This most 

repiitalile linn was eslalilished in |S4(;, liy the late Senator John .M.iedonald, and it^ 
career has been one of unbroken success. In 1SH7 .Mr. Macdon.ild ailmittrd into 

Is merchants, 
Wvid >V Co. 

Sm \i I \V\i;i> In I 

\Vm;kiioim ol Mk>m;^. \\ \ i o, i;kvskii S; Daui.ino. 

WllOl.KSAI.K l)KV(iOO|IS WaKKIIOISF. OK .MKsSRS. Wvi.ll, liK.VsEI I \ DaKI.I.NCi. 

Ml;. l-'KKDKKh K Wvi n. 

|i.irtnership his eldest son. John 
Kidston .Maccbinald. and I'aiil 
(',im|ibell, both of whom had Ioiij; 
been ideiitilied with tlu' business. 
In I'ebruary, iSi^o, .Mr. NLiidonald. 
senior, died, and sinci' then the 
second son of the Lite Senator 
become . I nieinber of the linn. The 
three members of the house are 
active, energetic and Ihoroiighly 
(|iialilied business men, and having 
a large established business, with 
ample ca|)ital, they are able to buy 
to tin; best ailvantage The house 
is generally believed to do the largest 
turnover in the Hominion. I'heir 

1 6 'J 

i o.\r\ii:i<i i.ii roKOMo. .\.\n riir. ciheis oi i.\k\i.\ii:i<ci:. 

Ir.iMlli-is c .m\.i>^ lln- ir.ulr Imiii (Pic.iii lo oiwiii. KimiU-s iIu''. llll^iM^•^.^ iii (lr\ '^^ntiX-^ .mil Wd.ilKiis dniir li\ ihr I'liiii, 
111! \ iii.iki .1 ^pri i.ilt\ .>l c ,ii|iiN, mil l.iths ,ii\il liiiiiliiiiii,. riH\ ui ii- ihi- liist luTc III mlrnilui r till.' ili'| s\-.liiii ul ilmnn 

liilsilK^s, ;iiul 111 M'Mil 1(1 ll|■ili^ll .mil i;iirii|ir;m 
^^ iii.irkiis a luiviT iwirc a vi'.ir rriiiii i-.uli ilcparl 
iiuril, 1'. ^|l^ak ul llu- ruinim-rii' nf rnriinln 
l> 111 r.lll 111 millil, llllv. lillr III II-. I IlKl lll■|llll^, 

I'hi iilil .mil liiii(; i--l.ilili-.liril »l'ii|i'Mk' 
ilr\ ^iiiPiU ImiiM' nl Mr-.'-rs, ('hihIiim. M.irkay i.V 
(ii.. liiiiiiiliil in ll.iimliiiM III if>55. Iiv lln' 
I. Ill- Mr. Jiilm (iiirilnii ami Mr. hmialil .Maik.iy. 
In 1.S51). llu- slii|i|iiiin advaiilagus (if 'rdriinlo 
.illr.irlril llu- I'lrni In ihi". lily. 'I'wi) yi'ars later, 
I|h'\ Iniill tlir l,)lisU-r ( '11111111 .Mills .11 Mirnt 
Inn. ,111 iiiiliisir\ uluili 111! > --nil invii .iiul 
ii|iii.ili-. Ihr liiiii liuill ill I.S71 llir lAUiisUC 
wari'liiiiiM.' .11 llii.' 1 iiriHT ul' li.iy and W'l llinnlim 
StiviN Hhii'li lluy iiinv (irrn|iy. a |iirUiiv ul 
wliiili will 111' riiiMid in (iiir p.iuo. \'\w senior 
iiunilur 111' ihr linn. Mr. Jiiliii Ciiirilun, wliii 
«.is .1 \M'llknii»n and niiuli isU't'iiud rili/en, 
died in r.uis in i.S.Sj, whillK-r In had guni- llirce |in\iuiisly in |iiirMnl ul IumIiIi. j'hu ul 
his uld .mil iriisUd riii|iliiyc'L-s wl'IV llicn adniillcd 
liv .Mr. \lai k.i\ inlii ihc liiisiiuss. Thi.- linn 
iMu rniisisis 111 lliinald (imiliin. ( '. ( '. Kulil), 
.mil I. \\ . \\ nulls. This hiiiisi- iMinrd.i rc|iiit.i 
Hull in ils iarl\ liislurv hir s\sli-iii.ilir liiisiiu'ss 
nulhuds. and sifadily in.niilaiiKil lis i;iiiid 
n.iiiH' liir ihi' liiiif; piriud nl thirly livi' M.ns. 

Mr. Idm.ild Mark.iv, nl Ihe linn nl 
\Kssis, (Mirilnn. .Mai'kay \' ( 'u., whnlfsak' dry 
,i;n ills in.'rrhaiils. liurn in l.\listcr. Siutlaiid, 
m ilk' yiar i.Si;. CuininL; In Can. id, 1 in iho 
r.irly ihiriiis. Mr. M.irka\ srr\ril m Ihr Krlul 
Imn nl i.S_57, on llu.' I.uyalisl sidr. Ili' nsiili'd 
.1 luiinlitr 111 vi ars in Mnntri'.il. wlurc hr iiikrcil 

.MessKs. IuIin .Mai iinNAin \' Co's WAKriiorsf. \Vhiimuo\ Stkkf.t. 

inlii niiiraniilt.- life with his iHii lUkr limilurs. In i,S4.S ho ri-innvcd to Hamillon. 
and with his iKplii-w. lormt'd Ihe nnw I'Nttnsivc whnk'salr drygnuils hnusc orCiordnn. | 
.Markay \- ('u.. 4.S I'mnt Slivct W'csl. .Mr. M.irka\ is a I lirninr of the ( )nlario 
of whirh he «.is lurnierly N'iie I'residenl. lie is alsn a I hrei lur of the l.undiin\ 
< '.inadi.m l.nan and .\j;enry ( ninpany. and is iileiililied with several other lillsiiiess 
enterprises. Mr. M.irkav. who is nne ol' the iiiosi respeiled nl'cnir ihiel's nrniinnierre. 
is a inenilier nl Kiin\ I'resliyleriaii Chiinh, and of .St. .\ndrew's Smiety. 

.\inong tlie lintises of emineiiie in the dry (ionds liiisiness in Can.ula. that ul 
Messrs. W'yid. Cirasett .V l>.arlingis one that takes first rank. In the mannilirenl 
premises erected hy the firm nil the rnrner of liay and Wellington Streets, it possesses 
unusual facilities for doinj,' business. It has lomniand of lart;e capital, varied e\peri 
eine in all departments of the trade, and its partners are men of excellent liusiness 
aliilily and high personal wnrlli. The success it has met wiih. .mil its hiiili standing 
in ciimniercial circles in 'I'nrnntn. manifest the favnr with which il is regarded m all p.nls nl ihc huaiimmi. 

Mr. .\. \. Allan, seniur memlier nf the firm iif Messrs. .\. \. .Mian .V ( 'n„ whulcsale ,mil Uir men hauls, was Imni 
March i.(lli. i,S,j2. in the Islaml of South Rnnaldshny. of the Orkney Islands, Scotland, llis family came to Canada, m i.S.(j, 
and settled at I'urt Rowan, .\t twelve years of age .Mr, .Mian went lo Cnlinurg, where he resided six years, when he laine lo 

Mil. llO\ M 11 \l \. K V\. 

'I'lproiilo. mill .ifur loii^ i\|Kririi. ^ .in .i < mn 
iii(rii;il ir.ucllir.riiiiMilicI ilic |ircM'nl I>ii-mh-> 
III i'>77. Ml. .\ll.iiii>.i I'rc^lnti ri. 111. ;Mi(l cine 
III llir lii.iii;ij;iis 111' Si. hiim-^ Si|ii.irr I'rrsli) ( 'hiin h. Ilf in .i iiuiiilirr nl llir 
(iMiiiril 111 ilu' llii.iril 111 Trailf, .St. \iiilrr« - 
SiiiiiH,;i llliiTliir 111' llu' TmiUin' II.Mik, .Hid 

111 lIlc N.lllnll.ll ( lull. Ill I.S.S.S. \|r. All. HI 

».i> Llnlril I'liNiiliiil (il llu- (111111111111.11 
ri.Ui-lliiN .\^Mi( i.iiinii. Mr. j.iiiuN 1 1. Ml. 111. 
who JNiiUii ;i iiH'iiilii.T III lilt' linn. In;! Iiriillur 
111 .Mr. .\. .\. .\llaii, anil was Imrn at I'm' 
Kiiwan, .\iiniiNt .(isi, 1S50. IK- w.iM-.irK ,is 
Niiiiati'il with llic lirin nl' Mcssin. .\. .\. .\l|.iii 
i\ ( 'ii., i; lllrlrll.UIlN nl lll.ll | r, .lllil 
r.lllk- tn rnlnlltn ill l.S;; In licrnllk' .1 limn 
liiT 111 llir |ilisrlll rsl.liilisllliuill. I.ikr Ills 

liinilici. Ml. .Ml, 111 In .1 rri.'NlnliTi.iii. 

.Mr. 11 .i» Ml I. ran, rhii I i Ink nl 

I lir .M.iJi'nU'n ( ■iiNliiiiiN, I'lirt 111' riirniiln, 
linrn at I'lirln. CniiMly .Ma\n, Irfl.iiiil. nl 
|i.iirnls 111 Sinlrh lU-MTiil. J,\ .■jml. 

(■<).!/. I//. A'('/.// rox(>\/(). .ix/) /■///.■ (7///:/:s oh commerce. 

... I 

I ri.'i 

'\,M;l l|i.r,l. .11 .\Il.,,u>. linliUnN, MaiK.W \ Co., I'OUN 1 U nl Ik 

Wakkhoi.nk 111 Mksnrs. a. .\. All vN \ Co., B.xv Sikkki. 

Mu. .1 amkn n. .-Vl I AN. 

iS;i. .Vl'tir liiiiin I'lhirati'tl in tlif l^l|ihin 
.Vraik'iiiy. lu' w,in cniiijoyt'il as a iltTk in tlu- 
I'lililii' Works I )i.-|i,irtniL'iit of tho Iiii|n.rial 
I lovirniiuiil. Ill i,S5o, lir translorrod ti. 
llio l>raiiia};i.' ( 'niiiniisNinii of iho Hoard iil 
Works, anil al'tiT sjiLiuliii},' sonu' time in tlic 
head otiiiv in the Mayo Distrirt, he resinned 
his I'linner oltiie with a widened sphere. In 
I .S5.(, he e.iine to ( ' and served in .i law 
ol'lire in I'lironto, till, in 1S57, during the 
I. mil linnni, he went into the real estate husi 
lu-ss. 'I'hree years afterwards, he liegan 
pulilishin}; a weekly newsp.i|ier. 11. lined the 
/liilis/i //till/,/, whiih siiiiiinilied when the 
olhie was destroyed by lire in 186.!. Hnriii}; 
the lollowing Mr. Mel.can published a 
mnnilily inaj,'a/ine, the Jiriliih Amcriaiii, 
whiih. however, only lived one year. In 
1S70, he was temporarily appointed elerk in 


CO wu /■:/,■( 7.1/ /(>/.'(). \7v). ./.\7> /■///■■ (////i/s (>/■ (O.u.u/CAu /■:. 

Mu. A. A. All AN. 

ilk' I'lirollto ('lN|illM-> illlll-'t'. \\llllll IKiMIIIIII 

«.is inacU- |Kriii,imiil llif rdlldwinn m.ii. Hi 
\v;is iiriPllluliil 111 llu' iMisllinii of ( liiif I Ink in 
i.S;!), mill li,i> >liii\Mi .iil.i|i|.iliilit\ In ihr 
Mllii I'. I ll>. Hiilc kliiiHli'il(;i' 111 ( llstuin-. 111,1 1 1 rrs 
Jiiil lll^ nlilinliij; ili>|iii',iliiiii .Mill iirli.iiill\ 111 
iii.iiiinr li.iM'' him ury LimuimIiIv kiumii 

In all »llll ll.Uc illlMlk^s ,lt llu' ('II-.I11II1 llnl^t'. 

Mr. MrLcan i> alsi) Ailing Kinislrar nf sliiiiiuiij; 
Ini tlii> purl. lIlN rrsiik'iirc. •• CiaiiuMlla, ■ nil 
SniMiirrli .\M'iuir. is .1 piiltv |iii liiirsqiH- liniiu'. 
li.iMiij; a liiu' svUaii M'lliiin. 

.\lr. .\li-\anilir M. Smilli. nl ihr liim ,,1 
.\li>MS. Siiiitll \- Krif;lili'>, whnloali' uniri'i-.. 
Has linril III' unnil nlil Si nlllsll aiiil rri'slivliriaii 
slnrk, al Mnnviuu-.k. .Micrdii'lisliirr, in iSiS. 
.\llir iiri'iMiin ilir iiliii-alinii i-oniiiii in in Ills 
wniihy rniinnynun in Srnllaml. In-, likr iiiaiu 
nilur iiiiluisi.islir youths nl Nnrlh liiilain, was 
allrai III! In llii' MTvirc nl' .Mars, anil s]nnl Iniir 

l,)IIKKS SiKKKI IROST nl Mk. K. .SIMI'sOn'S DkY-I Inillis SiORK. 

\li;. Tii.iMv- M. 1,1 \s. II. M.I . 

\iar> nl' his early lil'i- in llu' .\('III. Iliuli 
landers. Tliminh Iniul nl' llir .si-r\ irr. .mil 
Hiioil as wciv his prnspci'ls, hf wilhilivw 
rrniii il, .11 ihf r.iriK'sl snlii il.itinn nl his 
laniilv : .ind ilu- p.issini; u-.irs s.iw 'iii;i .1 
Irsidrlll .nil! .Ill .lilnpU-d snil nl ( '.Uiad.i. 
I lire- III' Iniik In riiiiinuHial lik' Inr a ralliii};, 
and Inr over fnrly viars has lin-ii wnrlhilv 
idiiiliricd Willi llir ri\ii-, inililary, p.irliaiiu-n 
l.ny, and iiuTranlik' iiiU'ri'sls nl llu- ('iiv.ind 
I'rnvinrc. I'lic linn nl \Kssrs. SnuUi \' 
Kii^hk-y has iiiinycd a hi};h ivpiilalinii I'nr 
rinse llpnii tliirly \r.irs, and Mr. Siiiilh, liilii 
siir, hasllirniij;hniil dial period led a lil.niieless 
Ilk and possessed llie esleeiii and iniirKknie 
of the 1 (inimunily. lor some years, in 'ihe 
fifties," he was a iiieliilKr of tlie('il\ ( niiiuil, 
.mil I'rnin i.Sd^ dnwii In ( 'niileik r.ilinii he 
represeiitnl l„isl rnrniilii in the I'.irh.inunl 
nl ihr I'liilid ( ' Ill 1.S5.S Mr. Siiiuli 
raised Ihe llinhl.ind ('niiip.iiu of ('ii\ 
N'nhmleers, .-mil m rninm.ind nl n uiiiil 
il liec.mie an iiilej;ral pari ol llu' (Jiieeii's 
(Iwn Killes, nl" which rorps .Mr. Smilli wasal 
one lime .M.ijnr. lie .ilsii held Inr .1 perind 
ihe (nlniuliy nl ihe 1 si l'rn\isiniial Re);i 
lllelll, wllic 11 w.cs . .lIKd nul nil .IcIlM servile 
illiriii),' Ihe e\iileiiieiil ineideiil In die I'eiiian 
Kaids. ( )n llie reliirn In tluir homes ol lliis 
e\Uiiipnri/eil enr|.s, l.ieiitenaiit-C 'olonel 
Smilli was ih.iiiked for his piililic services liv 
die (lelieral ill eomin.nid nl' die 
iMstriil. .Mr. Smilli has lieen I'resideiil nl 
the Si. .Xndrew's Soeicly, and of llie Toroiilo 
Hoard of Trade. He is at present a nieiiiher 
of the Couneil of the latter, and is I'residriii 
of Ihe Western .Vssiirance Co., and of die 
( '.iii.ida Lake Superior 'I'raiisit ('n. ; a liieiii 
lier of the Dn.itd of the ( I .aliniir ,md 
Savinns Sneiety, and of the ( )iilarin jiank 
Hoard. He also represents the rmard of 



ll'lllt' nil lilt' ll.irlinlll ( 'iilMIIII'NSlilll. Ill 

pdlilK s. Ml. Sinilli is .1 ; III nliniiin, 
III' is :i sl.iimil) I'n-sliyli liaii. 

Mr. ll.iiMy I'ri'iilirc I Iwinlil, \ici- 
rriMiliiil .Mill ( .\I.ilLij;ri (il llir ( 
N'nrlli W istiiii ri'lr^;r;i|ili ( ■|iiii|i,in\ dl 
ClM.ld.l, linril .11 Ili'llcMJk', liCliTSdll 

Ciiiiiitv. \<» \nik, Mrnniliur i\n\, iSjS. 

Al till- .l^f 111 liltlill he kit lldllU' to MTM- 

;iM ii|)|iri.'iitiiislii|i dl' thnv yr.irs in ii idiiiiirv 
sidif. Ill iS.(7, ilicii in his iiiiKliiiitli 
\i-.ii, 111' k-.iriiril li'liLTiiiiliy III ()s«iL:d, \.^■., 
.mil LjiMii fiii|iln\nuiil liy iju- MdiiiiiMl 
■rrUnr.i|ili ( diiiiMiiy, wliiili d|K'iic(l a liiu' 
in till' .inliiiiin ol lliiit, lii'lttci'ii (.(ni-lui- 
.Mill Tdi-dnid. .\litr sirvinn ai 
lliiVf yc.irs. Ill' Has |ilacril in i harm' dl' tin- 
drtici' al rnidiiid. Sddii .iHriH.iiils In- H.IS 
,ip|)diiiircl Su|K iiiittiiijiiii Idi \\ isti'in 
( '.iii.icl.i, .nil! liir liiisiiuss ikirld|ni| (ill 111' 
li.iil uiuliT Ills rhargf a iRtwiuk dl «iri's 
ri-ailiinn all tlii' iin|idrlanl pdiiits in llu- 
rroviiici'. In iSSi.dnllio cdiisdlid.iiidii iil 
the Canailian riiin|>,init's, lir a|i|idiiil('il 
(ictii-ral .M.inancr nl ihr s\siiiii lAUiidiiii: 
ihriiiijilidiil Onlarid. (,iii.lni . \i h KiiiiisHKk 
anil .M.iiiildlia. .mil alsd m i upMii.:; |Mirlidii'. 

dl' till' .'sl.Ucs dl .NfW \i\\V. Vrlllldlll, \iH 

ll.mi|isliiri, .Hid M.iiiir. Mr. |iHi};lii 
clritid \'irr rrcsiiknl ul llic ('iiinpans .1 
vi-ar at;d. lakinn tlir pl.iiL' ol' llic i.ili- Win. 
(iddiliTli.mi. Ill- Is .1 I )iii rlnr dl llu- 
Kailway Cdinpany and llu- TdidiUd Im.m 
lU'si-L-nl l-;ii-rtrii- l.inlil Cdinpiin. rmil llu 
alisdipiinn 111' till- I'liriintd .V Nipissin}; Kail 
way and tin- \'ii-(dri.-i Kailway liv llu- ('ii-.iml 
Trunk. In- «.is .1 I )iri-c idi- 111 Imih 1 i>inpaiiii.-s. 
I'ri-xidiis Id llu tLmsli-r 111 llu- 
(l.irdrils Id llu- ( 'iiy ul Idrdiild. Mr. |)Hi-lit. 
hIiii lias liL-i-n always a /i-almis Irii-nd ul llu- 
in'iiplc in llu- inalU-r of ri'ircalidii liroiinds in 

Mk.JA.:.M. SMirii. 

l-'.\-l MI'I dl llA^ .SIKKKl. MIIUlN,. TuhMI^I 

lluiilv. iddk an .u iIm- mk-ri-si in ilu- 
Sdiit-ly, ami was iiiii.- (if the I liri-iliirs. 
Mr. Kwiglu is a man dl' firiL- luisiiu-ss 
h.iliils. skrliiij; hdiidiir. Iiigli i-xiriilivo 
aliilily, .mil in llu- inipurlaiil Irusi lu- 
holds fiillils wilh i;ri-al rn-ilil id liiiiiscll' 
and wilh advanla.uc I" llu- piilhii- ilio 
<k-liralo anil rrspiinsihk' dillii-s iif his 
dlTu-i-. Ill- is a nuinla-r 111' llu- Clnirih 
dl' l-'.ngland. and has always ki-pl aludl' 
Iriiin piilitiis. 

'I'lu- l!arlii-r iV |-^llis ( 'iiiiipaiiv. 
llu- r\K-nsiM- wlidks.ik- inaiiurarUirinj; 
slalidiu-rs, was I'diinik-il in 1.S75, liv 
l.inus liarlu-r and jdhii !•'. l-".llis. Uniil 
iS.Sj llu- liiisiiu'ss was rdiuUii U'd hv 
tlu'si- iwii m.-nik-iiu-n, iinik-r llu- firm 
namo of Mi-ssrs. llarlu-r \ l-;ilis. In 
thai M-ar tlu- idiici-ni lur.uiu- a joinl- 

II I IN llAlil.Hi A Kl I i-~ 1. 1 

\li;. II. r. I1WI..111. 

r<M/i//7,v/ ;/ /o/<iK\n\ .\.\n riir. ciueis oi- commiikce. 

The l.iiuv iidiHls lunisc ..r ^U^M■,. IliclM.n. Dunr.m \ C... ^ 
;i pirturr of wlnVh is uivcn lu'R-with, is an caI.hmv..- csialilislniuni. 
TlR' ImMiu'ss W..S in iS?'^. ''^ ^^ ■ "• '■•'■'■'-'l^-'l ■'"" I- 
Il„k-..m, umkT \W lumr U . 11. Ulcas.kll >\ (\.. In iSS„. Mr. 
HI.MMkll ivluvd .111(1 Mr. .1. I'un.-.iii lioamr ,i nuiiil.rr nl llu' linu 
umlcr Ihc pivsciu nanu'. 1 )urin.i; ^.■s>•.,ll nioiuhs iactv ^.■a^ ih.- linn 
has a hiisvv m the CLniiaii, Au^lrian an.l 1 ivii.h niakiiiL; 
sclLVti,,ns lu siipi.K Ihc Rlail Ian. s :^.«,.l-. H.hK'. I mrs ol a,v 
kcin on han.l l.i lULrt the ininircnKiu^ ol ,lrui;i;ists. lol,,io„niM-. 
l,„„kscllL-is. nuisir .kak-rs, jowclKas. cl,'. -riu' lirm also han,il>- 
lai-li.h rmliTv, and ihi- pnulii, Is ol macimI .Nnuriran niaTUilac tuivi- 
c\t[^iisivclv. .-^ix li^nclKis iv.civu or.Krs lor .M.-,sr-.. lli.kson. I >r,n \ Co.. Ironi oiu' in.l of ih.-' Doinn.ion to llu- other. I'.oih 
MRinlarsol tli.- I'lrni have a Inisnu-ss exia-ruine ol ,i\,r lhirl\ ve.n-. 
Mr. John ll.illam, the acd.e representatue mi ihe ( 'il\ Connnl 
,,l Si. l..iur'en.e Uar.l. and a nuisl iiseliil anil piilili.- spirited ( ili/en. 
Has horn al Ch.irleN. I.aneasliire, Kni^land. O.toher i.^li, 'S.'vV "e 
is essenliallv a seHiu.ide .nid ihe un.uded arehile. t ol his o«n 

I'orlnnes. Lnlil he ".is 
•T^ lueiily years iif aj:e. his 
npporluiiities oC oiitainin,L; 
,in edlieation uere \ c r\ 
slender, his early lile h.niii;: 
Ween passeil, like that ol 

Ills li.uellts. ill .1 (Olloll 

*i l.ii lor\. where the holii s 
«ere long .ind the loll!. l'.\en wlieii Ik 
. Iilel;.:i(l Iroin his teens, .ill 
the SI hooliiijj; he had 
i;.iiiied al a ninhl si hool, 
siippleiiienled liy his ohii 
private i\ailiiig, spurred on 
hy ,1 l.iiiilalile thirst lor 
kninvledm and a desire to ^ 
.iih.ini ehiinseir ill hie. In 
i.S^'i. he eininrali' 1 to 
( '.III, 111. I .iild setlled in 
Ali.Ki-MAS JMiis II.MIAM. '10101110. wliele lor some 

sioek lonip.iny, with Mi. John K. Il.irher ol 
ihe lieornetown Tajier ( 'oiii|uiiy wholieeaiiie 
llu- principal sloi kholder. as rresideiit; John 
I'. I'.llis, M.ina.uin.u Direi lor ; J. T. Clark, 
I're.isiner; I'. T. I'errot and J. U . \laiii;h.iii. 
Duel tors. riie line w.irehouse shown in the 
ilhistration stands on II. i\ Street I'roiit 
Slreel, and was eieeted in iS.S;, lor the 
urowiii- lueessities of this iisel'iil indiislry. 
ll Is si\ slo-e\s in lieii;lu, and eovers aiiave.i 
ol 7.000 s.piare leel. The H.iilier \ I'.llis 
Colii|>,iin .ire well known ,is wholesale 
st.ilioiiei s. Iiookliinders ,iiid p.iper lio\ 
in.ikeis. They lia\e ihe l.ii.nesl .iiid most 
eoinplele envelope l.irlorv in Iieili;; 
.ililr to turn out 750,000 eiivilopes d.iily. 

rin- goods ol this holts, lind iheir w.i\ to 
e\erv p.irt ol the 1 loininioii, anil llie linn 
deser\edlv eiiioi,s ,1 high repulalion lor 
liiisiness .iliiliu .iiiil inlegrit\. The enter 

prise of this house is as well known to the 

trade as is ils iiuliislry. 

\V MlKllol >!■. or Mr.sSKS. lIleKtON, lHM.\N .'i C". 

co.MMi:i<cL\i. roi<(K\i\\ Axn the oh com.mehce. 


UMr> lie ciriiT u;i, ciu: nl >li\iiiiiuis liihniir, 'lisiiiiliiuil li\ acKi r--ily. In i.Sdfi. Iu- In-.iii 1im^iik->^ (in hi-, ijwm .u<iiuiU, 

liidc. wiMil .111(1 K.ilhii iiK'nIiMiit, ;iiul Inis iiRl uilli llir unml liirium- wliii li usu.illy uail^ (in iiiclii'.liv ;iii(l li(iiirst LlTciit. 

Mll■(■l■^^ful c.iivi.'r i> .1 iKitalilf i'\,nn|ili' iif sli^adv |H'rM.'M.'nin(L' cin ai ( (ini|ill^li, 

ivlkii it i.i allied with liij;h and lifmliiviit 

aims. With a short lirtak, Mr. llallani has 

alnidst iininli.'rni|iti-dly ir|iivsL'ntoil a ward (if 

iIk- city in llic ('niincil which is disiinctivclv 

1 iininicr(, lor a |icri(id nl iic.uiy t»int\ 

)c.irs. In tlii^ i,i|i,iiily, he has i.\(.t liccn 

/c.ildUs Inr iildiiii. and has inlcllii;cnll\ and 

iiscliilly served the city in the ini|Kiii.inl 

trusts committed to him. .\s .1 Icuiisl.itor at 

the Council I'.oard, he hi. larried nianv 

measures of ini|iorlancc. Iici n ,111 iiiiidiu 

ludiiiisinj,' Toe to t,i\ e\eni|ilioiis. and an 

e.inu-st .i(U(M.ite ol' |nililic [i.iiks ,md oilu r 

means ol" lecre.ilinn lor tlu |ieo|ili. In \lr., ( hielly, the < iti/ens owe the I lie 

I'niilic l.ilirary, and to its interests he 

(leMited much of his time ami administrativi' 

aliilily, with siilislaiitial ijifls from his |imse. 

'rill- kelereiice l.ilir.n), in 

ilistiliition, is .1 111. Ilk at oiki- of his Ui-immi (.1 .Mu. IIknisv l.r. ,\~. i...iii.,i, mkhi. 

t;enerosity and ol his devolion lo the liesi inteiesls ol the cily. Mr. Il.illam l.ikes an active interest in all pnlilic (luestioiis. 

is an entliusi.islic Cinadian. In politics, as in religion, he is a I ilieral, and, ecoiiomicalh'. a Iree Tniiler. 

.Mr. Iliij;h N. IJ.iird. j;r.iin merchant, was liorn .n ( 'olioiirj;, .Scptemlier J4th, 
iS;(i. He is .1 Mill ol the late Mr. N. II. li.iini, ( l'... who was ideiuil'ied witli Icadinj,' ^ 
piiI'Mi niipro\emeiits in rpper.nid I ,ower ( ' diirini; the lirsl li.ill Uf theieiltnr\. 
rile ..iiliii(t ol llii, skel( li ediii.itcd .it .1 private si hool in .Montreal. lie is .1 
inemlier of the lirm of .\lessrs. Crane \ li.iird. .Moiureal and Toronto, which w.|., 
eslalilished twenty-live years ago and does .1 \er\ kirne j^rain e\port trade. The lirm 
is larj;ely interested in inaimfacMirin^ and commercial enterprises .11 Tans. ()iii. 
Mr. Ilaird was \ice Tresident of the old Corn T',\ch nue, and is now N'ln- Tresideiit of 

as a 



KrMiirsci- 01 Mk. ||, N. II mko, ( iKo^MiSou .Siioii. 

Mi: I i I \s Kocn:-. 

ilic Toronio Hoard of Tr.ide. \\i- is a 
I lirei tiirof the Western .\ssiirance ( 'oinpanv, 
Millers and Mannfactiiriis' Insnrance Coni- 
p.iny, the ( )nlario ,\ S.uiii Ste. M.nie K.iiKv.iv, 
.111(1 till' Miill.ind Division of the (i. T. K. 
In religions ni.itlirs. Mr. Il.iird is innneclcd 
«ith the Northern Chiircli. 
Ml. Kogers, one of the liest 
known .111(1 most worthy of coal dc.ilers in 
I ,111.1(1.1, .\.is l.irn near Newni.irket, Jiine 
j.iiil, 1.S30. 'he pnlilic si liool cilneation he 
received was siip|ilemcnted liy twii terms, 



lU.ui On h K 'ii \li"it-. \-.\\\> Koc;kr> ,\ Cn., KiNi. SiKin Wk-i. 

\alli'> kmI. Tluii ilcuk. .W till loiil (jrciiunh Slinl, i-- -• i .^ iVcl 
wide iiiiil 50(1 lilt IdiiH. riicrr ;iri' l«(i ^U■.llll tkA.ituis cm thr iniiii 
iscs, iiiul aiilimialic a|i|ili.iiii i-. r,i|ialilc nl unliKiilinn Hoo liiii'- m <1:i>. 
At till,' cliisc (il n.ivination l.isl tlicrr wcil- (10,000 tuns of (oal 
on the (luck. I'lii' CnmpaDy is (iltic.iecl liy Mr. M. I', liiown, I'lvsi 
litiil an. I i'n.wiiui ; Mr. 1 1, K. \\\\y\. I l.iinill(in. \ h f I'rcMcK nl. 
anil Mr. I . \'. Ill, n km. in, Sn rit.H\. 

Tlir Conmr Ciul Cuniiiany is thr (Hitj^niHth nf a sMi.ill 
ami iinprttriitiiiiis icial .mil \M"mI Ini^niiss whirh rst.ih 
lishuil li> till- l.itc Mr. r. I>. ( nii-ir, in Inrnntu, twint\ niu 
VL'ars ano. liv h.inl wiirk .iiul ir,i-.<'k'ss vigil.iiiii' Mr. < 'on};ir 
liiiilt lip an imnunsf trade, which was still im reasinj; .11 the 
lime li hi^ Lniienlid diMlli, in iS.S;. I he ('.inner t'niii 
p.iiiy, III »liiili Mr. K.ilph (nli^mi 1- the I'resideiit and In a 
surer, .Hid ,\lr. j.inies !•'. Cl.irk, Sei rel.iry, sime lime 
carried cm the liusiness. The h. indies llu' licsi \ m,i Cicllei^e 111 New Soik. Ills 
lirsi liii^iness venture in llu IihiiIh r Ir.icle 
,11 twenty years ul a^e. .\ le« \ear-- Liter 
he liec.iine interested in mines al Key 
n.ililsMlK-. I'a.. and turned liis .itlenlicin 
eiitireh tci llu' ecial linsiness. In iSyd, he 
iipcned .111 ciliici- in Tcncmlci tci do .1 wholc- 
s.ile .Hid ret. Ill llll^illes■^ in p.nlner^liip v\ ilh 
Mr. I. ( '. Ihiiiiiiiv. ,1 ue.illln uper.ilcir ill 
anthrieile coal. Snlisei|iienlly .Mr, Rci}.'.vs 
lieeame scile ciwnercirthe Reyncildsville liitii- 
111111.111-, iiiiiH. .\lthiiiij;h still a ymiiiL; man 
lu- liiiiit up cine cil' the must e\lensi\e 
l.usinesses 111 the' kind 111 ('.inacla. In |S."<7, 
.iller cine year's servKC in llic' ( ily ( 'uiineil, 
he was iirmight promiiieiuK lielc.r. ilic peuplc 
..I rurimti) as a candidate I'cir the M.iyciralty, 
in respcmse tci a recitiisiticm signed liy live 
ih.iusan.l Milers. llisdeleal \\,i^ c :iii-m d liy 
ihe prcMii.e cl .1 third e.indidale in llie 
lie 1.1. Mr. KciL;crs ha^ lieeii ,1 ineinlier cil 
the I'ciniuil cil the llciard cif Trade lor s.mie 
\ears, and is well known in cdniiection with 
reli:;i.iiis and philanlhrupie institutions. 

11 il is an iron ai;e, it is also ,1 coal 
.lUe, and the incliislries are m.iny .Hid e\tcn 
-ive to wliic h llie ininin'; cil 1 L^iveli 
liiilli. (II liitiimiiious cecal. Cm, id, I has 
kiijic deposits in No\a Scoti,i, and or.mllii,i 
c ite c-oal she is imderstood to h.ive plenty 
III l'irili--h ('i)liiinliia, Ihil ihe^e I'rovnues 
,11,' lioth III' them (list, ml hcmi Onlarioand 
her I eople h,iMto lie 1 .mli nl 111 tin- main » illi 
the Iroiii nc-,Hcr iiKiikcl-, ol dom 
eslii' hiel. llie ( lilt, 111.1 ('o,il ( ■.imp.iin was 
loriii.'.l oiiK iw.i vears .ii;o, and is now cloiiii; 
line ol llic' l,iri;es( liiisinesses in the ccial 
11,1.1,- in ( lnl,Hiii. The liiel li,inclled last year 
repre^c-nlccl ,1 \,iliie ol ,iliciiil .$1,000,000, 
Durini; llie rir-,t season's oper,itioii-, ol the 
( 'ompaiiv ,<o,ooo Ions ol c ci,il p.ised thronnh 
iheir h,inds. while their sliippinj;s last season 
re,ichccl 115,000 Ions ol hard c-oal, 75,000 
tons ol -,011 c(i,il, ,md 50,000 cords of wockI, 
■jhe ('oinp,iii\ dcils cliiitl\ 111 llie I ilii.uh 

I., l;ci.,ni- .V I .1,, l..,i i..\.N.Mi , Ni-.Ai' (.'111 Ki 11 Sr, 



I'lll>t(p|i .mil S( i.iiiliiii .inlliiMiiu-, ^lii|i|iiii(; dlirc 1 rniiii llu' iiiiiii-. tn iluir i iiiiiiiiiiilinUN ilm k> .it tin- Imil cif ( luii. Ii Strict, 
wlkiv it 1^ h.irulKcl »illi iIk' l.ili--.t iiii|iiiivi-(l iii.irhim r\. \W\ iln >iii t\li.iiNivc iLi.iil Ir.iilr. Ill.■^i(ll■^ sii|i|iK iiiu iii.inv rdiiiury 

\aI!1i^ II Mt--K-.. i;i :a, koiii.u . A- Co., INii \saiii . inkai! Ukukm i.v .S i uf-k i i, ami IIai ihk^i Si ki i. r. 

ili'.ilii^. In .iililitiiiii III ihr I.iil;<.' .inilir.irili- rnal tr.iiK', ihi-v lli^lrlllutl.■ Mill i ;iiiil rnkc Inr iliiiiK--llr. ^ .iiiil liLirk^iiiilhiiij; 
|iiii|iiiM ^. .iiiil riiril\Miiiil. |iuir anil i l!t--iili.-> tin- uiiu iilTnr .il d Kiiii; Stmt \'..\~.\. lln- ( 'iiiii|i.iin li.i^ iii.iin h 
nlliri-. thriiimliiiul ihc I il\. Tlu' linn h.i> .in iMillinl Inisinrss rrml.ilinn. 



J \iiNi:ns .s. simM>i:H'i ni 



\ \l 1 AMI Hill I. Ill I IIK I In I M;|il I'liAl I ii\n AN\, I'NrlAVAIH Ilm 'I HI < HI Ki II > I . ) 

\li. .MiA.milri N.iiin, nl llir linn ul Mcs^irM. .\. iV S. Nairn, HliarrniniT>. and nu'nli.iiils, was liorn in (ilasf;i)\v. 
Srnll.inil. HI ;N,;'. Iluu In nliir.iiiil .uicl traiiit'il Id liiisiiioss lilc in llu- ol'tin' nl liis I'allii'r, a l.irm- mill owner and nr.iin 
nun lianl. Mr. N'.iini cniii' to ( '.iiiada in 1S57, .md lor ,i iiiinilK-r of viars in liiisini's> in Korkwiind, ('onnl\ \\ illinnlon, 
as a i.iillcr ami grain c(iiiimi>>r,ioii ininlianl, and was largily idrnlilii'd with llir iiidiiMlriis ol' tlu' jilari'. In iSy.j lu' niiiovcil tii 


(•('.i/.i//;a'(/.;/. ■jo/^()\ro. .i.\/^ the ciiieis of commerce. 

rorniUci. .mil ill llu' lolldwiii:; war i-iiUKil iiilo p,irliu'ish||i with hl^ lirnllur SU|ilu'ii. iiiuli-i' li.' (inn ii.iiiu' ul' A. \ S. Nairn, 
^till ciiiviiii^ nil 111 hi- own aiiiuiiu m-vlimI l.iiiii' (iinlrarl^ with lh< railway-. I'cir tin- Mipiily nl tiinlKr and lii^. and liuiUling one 

ClirUrl, MliKKI WllAlil. SlhiWlM; Till CoN'IKK CoAI. Co.'> VaRH. 

of lliL- fiiii'^l dm k^ ill ilu' lily I'nr tlu' llM■^ nl' hi^ I'lriii. IK- wa^ also iiitL-n.-.k-d in llu- lakr Iradr, a -.Iik klmhU-r in i1k- W i-^trrn 
'Iran-'iiiirlaliiin Ccial ( 'i . .iiid in iSyc) wa^ (iii llu.- ! Jirninrali.- nl' ilu- 'rnrniiln, (Ircv \ I'lriiri- Rv. In itSSo, Mr. Nairn 

n-lircd I'rniii .irti\i.- Iiiisiia-Ns. ihniigli he is slill 
,1 nuiiiliir 111' du.- Hoard nC 'I'ladi.', and die 
nwiur nl llniii-. -,.iw and wnullL-ii mills al 
ll.iniULr. (niiiiiy linici.- : a I )iri,-rl(ir nl' the 
l.nndnii ,V Onlarin Inveslnu-nt Cn., of the 
l.iiius' ll.i\ k. K. Cii., nl' the liiiaiidesreiit 
I iglit Cn., nl the I liuiiiliinli Sale I )e|)nsit and 
Waiehniisin;; ( n.. etc. Ill pnlities, .Mr. Nairn 
K a Kernriiier ; ill religinii, a I'resliyleriali. 
Mr. I!. Westttdiid was l)(irn in Ked- 
ilileh. l-aij;laiid. |iil\ 1 51I1. 1S45, w iuri- lu- 
was eillir.lted, .mil when still a vniith 
Liiveii .1 llininiii;ll tr.iiiiin;,' ill die IliaiUl- 
I, II tun- nl' needles and I'lshinn taekle, (nr 
whii h Reddili li Iniin liein eelelirated. In 
iSd; he I aine In riimnln and assi-,ted in 
m.iii.igiiif; the liianeh liniise nl llu- linn oC 
Allenek, l.ait;lit \ Cn. Ill iS;,;. Mr. West- 
wiind adinitied to .111 t-i|iial sliaii- in the 
liiisiiiiss .i> resident |i.irliier, and the liriii 
liee.mie .\lleni k. l,ai);lltiV Westwnnd. Ihe 
•-eiiiiir |iarlners have always lived in haigkiiid. 
where they .any mi mie nl' the largest lisli- 
iiij; l.ii'kle eslalilisliinents in the world. .Mr. 
RksIIiK.m i: nl Ml!. A. Naiun, [arvis SiiU'.K'f. We^nvnnd is alsn interested in nllier liiisiness 

COMMl'.RCIAI. /Oh'0.\TO. .l.\/> ////■: i IHEIS Ol- COM M I.KCi:. 


« «*. 

iMli.i|iiiMi anil 111 I'dniiUii tstati-. lie i^ ^^^^lll^lll ul llir I'.Mii Slijiii ( iiiur.itur Cn. ( I liiiilcil 1. .iiici .1 I >iiii inr iil llif 

Mainiractiirinn C". ( l.imiU'il). ( 'iiiiiimiu iny at i-i^iiltiii M-ai^ ul' a-r a-^ a I.h a! |injc lui, Mr. W 1 -.iw I lla^ aluay. lakcii 

interest ill MetliiKlisiii, and lias _ 

o( iMpieil aliiicist exeiv lav |iiisiliiiii 

in llie I liiiirli. The ( 'eiilial Melliii 

<iist ( 'li UK li. S|ia(liiia .\\ eiiiK' 

CliiMcli, 'I'rinily Melliodist (lunih, ' 

AwX I'arkdale Metlnulist Cluireli 

li.m- all lic'eii assisted liy Mi. West 


.Mr. ( leiir.ue Leslie, Sr., one 
of llie iilde-1 and wiirlliiesl resiilenls 
of Toronto, was horn at Roj;arl, 
Siitlierlandshire. Seolland. in iSo.j. 
He came uilli his p.ueiils and si\ 
limtlier^ and --i^ter-^ lo tlii^ emintry 
in i.S.'5. W lien llie lainiiy re.ic IrcI 
'rolnnlii, tlllle Well' iuit li\e lirirk 
buildings on King Street. Mr. 
Leslie lived in Streelsville fur a 
short time and returned lo this eity 
in iS,^7, when he permanently 
loealeil here. lie i^ the owner 
,iiid oi.eiator of one of the most 
e.Meiisive hortieulliiral 11111. ^eiies in 
Canada. Mr. Leslie is a life-mem 
lier of the Ilortieiiltinal Soeietv. 
'loroiito, and a niajjistrate. As a 
niemlier of the City Coiineil in il^ 
early da\s, he had a hand in luciiild 
\\v^ the rity as it is to-day I li-. 

two soiix Mr. ( leorge Leslie and Mr. J. Kno\ I.eshe, are prominent luisiiiess men, 
and the latter is .1 meiiilier of the City Couiuil for 1S90. 

.Mdermaii John K110-, Leslie was horn in llie Cit\ of Toronlo. in 1X40, iiis 
hirthplare heiiii; in the very luarl of ulial i> now llie \cirle\ ol eomineri e. Ills f.ilher. 

1 deep 

\K-lhENeK 01 Mu. 11. \V| .1 .V0..I1, J \M| ^,-i.N AVIMK. 

Rkmiu'M r Ml Mu. Juiis M.m.oniv, Ituoi k A\k.\iie. 

\1k. Ci .'Li. I. la -111. .si:. 

Mr. I leori,e Leslie, w. is horn ill Sutherland- 
shin, Seoil. mil, in i,So.4, ,ind ( .line to Caiiad.i 
ill 1SJ5 ; sinre then his name as an Ontario 
Nurseryman has loiij; heen in all 
p.irts of the I )oiiiinion. The suhjeet of our 
iiotiee was edilealed primarily at the piihlie 
seiioids, siihsec|iieiil I V at the ColKi;i,ite 



l\K-lii|.\i l; I'l Mu. Ia,, ( IAKK-HN, TakkIiAIK \\ f . 

Master of OiiiiU l.ijdL;^ Nn. _;3.), \. \- . ,v A. M.. C. K ('.. I',i>t /.. of Oiii'iU (' 

InMitiili-, (;ror-i'l,.wM. ( )nl.. :uiil lln.ilK .it llu- Mu.KI ( S, h,M,l. IninMln. I K- ilu-n iiiu iv.l llu- lijiikint; jiid lArlwiiKL' 
cilliiv (if .\li.->srx i;. Cli.iriVv ,V C.i., uluiv he r.iii;iiriMl l.ii t«(iu-.ii>, diniML; llu' lhiriii,iii,iMs dl Aiiui iciii rumn. v ,U the 

liiiH' dl' the Aiiieric.iii rehelhdii. Ii-aviii^ litis 
liiiitkiiig liotise til take a |iiiMticiii in the Canada 
I'eiiiiaiieiit I'liildiiij^ ami l.daii Smiitw of this 
city, iieiiii; (iri'eicd a sitiiatiun in the Knval 
Canadian Hank, hr ar(<|iliil it, ami in this 
in-.lilntiiin lu- icniauied Im three veais. I If 
alleruard-. ( nndnrii.(l llu- liti>ini>s alVairs ot' the 
Leslie NiH-Miiis ; and in i SSo, ae<e|ilt-d ihi' 
(ilVii e (il ( 'k rk Idf the I (i\vnshi|i (if Ndrk, »hieh 
he eontimied tii till Inr se\en \iars. 1 >iirinj; 
this lime his liusiness irainini; and knciuledue 
cil linance niadr his sirvic I's uf ineal( iilalile 
\alue t(i this |ireniii'r iin\nsln|i. In 1.SS7. al llu' 
sniii ilalinn i>l his l:iilui, In- rrsij,'iied ihe tnun 
ship elerkshi|i to |itinianently assume the 
maiiageinent cil the eiMnineicial and linaiK ial 
de|iailment (il (u-iirj^r l.tslir \ Suns 1 \trnsiM- 
mirsiijts and real est.itc- inlin-sls. Aide iinan 
l.e--lii- has Inr man) \e.ns takiii a dec-p inteicst 
Ml piililie alTaiis, espeeiall\ in the improvement 
(il the eastern porticin ol the cit\. lie is 1st 
\'iii-l'risidint 111 llu- lAielsiur l.ile Irismanee 
Co. Ill rnrunlii, a Hireetiir nC ihe Imperial 
riiiduce ('iimpaii\. nl l.iindnn. lai^land. and 
liiriilite., and a liiemlier nl llie Industrial 
ICxhiliitinn Assmiatinn. IK- is .lUn ,1 V.\^\ 
Chaplir Nil. 71), a member ol' ( nnUViA ilr Si. 

Aldemar I'reeepmry nl' Kni.yhts Templar. I'.ist Chiil;er Cnurt liasl Tiirunln. 1. I)., No. 450. I'. M. W . Cr\s|,il No. I 1 ^. .\. ( ». C. W .. a niemher nl' the Sons nf Canada, and The Cardeiiers and Idnrists' Cliih of Inrnntn. .\|r. |. k. 
Leslie, whn is .111 esUemed and ptililie-spirited lownsman. is an e\ niemlier nf the (Jiieen's ( )«n kilk-s. and .it pre^i in ( '.ipiain 

111' \n. .',\. iJih n.ill.ihnn " \nrk K,ini;irs.' .\lr. .Mil. |. K. i.islie sL-rved with ilir " N nrk Siinrm.- ' IkitMlimi diirin- 

the trnnljlis in ihr NnrileWisi in i.S.S^, 
l'.i|uity { '11. millers ( enrner 

.\delaide .mil \ utiiri.i Streets) was 

liiiilt l.'y .Mr. Knlierl Carswell, the 

Will-known law |)iiidisher. as a 

eenlrally situated lilnek siiii.iliK- Inr 

l.iw nllii IS, and lluis .iplly riei.iM'il 

it n.inie. llu- linildinj; 

(lesij;ned with niLreiiiv tn 

niviiif; almndanei.- nl' li^jhl and good 

ventilation, and was Ihe Tirst liiisi 

ness liloek in the eity to intrndiiee 

theelevator for the enineinenee ol 

lis liii.uits .mil their rlieiits. ( In 

it^ 1 iiiiiphtinn It hilK nnird. 

.mil li.i-. rnnlinikd In lie will lillcd. 

several ol' the leiianis ha\ ini;oe( 11 

pied their premises enntinunusK 

since the election ol' Ihe liuildinj;. 

It is heated liy hot water, and its 

elevator i> run liy li\draiilie power. 

The Imildinj; ennsisis nf six Hats, 

inehiding the li.isiiin-iit, wliieli l^ 

used as a priming nl'liee, and tlu 

top Moor as artists' sliidios, one 

portion hniig oeenpiul liy law "I!avvikw.- lumiisi; Avk., Kk^iiu'm k or \lu. K. Causwi 1 1,, 



ol'ticcs. Il has a fmnlani' iil' .(o IVi'l liy a (lc|illi (willi a rniiUam' on X'iitciria Stivi'l ) dl vo liil. 11-. huirt is Mi. Koln-rt 
Carswcll, si'iiinr iiiLnilii.T nl' tlio liiiii of Messrs. Carswi'll \- Co., law pulilislRTs, whii niciipy llu' ,iilja(\iii prciiiiscs, which 

<liiiil)tli'ss. in ihf iiiMr ruUiir, will ^ivr pl.KX- Ici a liiiilcliii}; iiioil' in hanmiiiy with 
l'.i|iiilv ( 'hainlurs, anil it^ |irn\iniily lo ihc (Irniaal I'lisl ( )l'li(r. Mr. ('.nsw 
Sfllir anil ini|Mirtcr is well known In llu' li;;al IValcrnily, as liis lirni has liiisinoss 
prnlcssiiin rroin Halifax, N. .S.. in \ k inn.i. !!.( '. 'I'Iil' piiMiialiims ol' his firm 
iinportaiil works inCanailian ligal lilcratiiiv (inrlmhnu iIil- aliK- prolVssional serial, 
'I'iiiHi. iimlor llic ioint iililorship ol' Mrssrs. V.. I). .\r'iiniir, (,).('., ami I'.. 1!. lirown, 
liAl lionks. works ol pr.irlirr. .mil nporls of ihe IvLjIish ( 'ourls, issiinl l)\ ihr rhirl 
Person. ill,. .\lr. I'.irsWill is .1 in. in worlhv nl iho hi^h i--licin in whirh he i^ helil 
lie is .1 in.m iiT j; inleL^rily nl 
rh. nailer, liii;h personal honour, real 
warinlh of heart, and a lo\er oC all 
j;onil. I )enniniM.uionally, he is a 
iiuinlier ol the Sweiknlinri;ian or 
\ew jeriisilein I 'hiii'eh. ami a ilili- 
,i;eiu .iml eailKsl seeker aller Inith. 
.\lr. John llarvie, Seerelary 
of the Upper ( 'anail.i Uihie Society, 
was horn at ( 'ainplieltnwn, .Vrj^vle- 
shire. Scollaiiil, .\pril iJth, iN,;.i. 
('niiiinL; In ('.iiLiiLi ,11 an e.irly iiie, 
Mr. liarvie eiileri'd the service nl' 
ihe Northern K.iilw.iy, in connee 
lion wilh which he iilenlilied 
with the e.irly history ol r.iilroadint; 
in Ont.irin. He issued the lir^t 
tic kit. and cnlleeted the- lirsl laie. 
and aeconip.inied llie rir->t p.isseni;ei 
train thai w.i^ run in Ipper ( ' 
the dale lieing .\l.iy i()lh, 1X5,1. In 
1S67, .Mr. H.irvie assumed Ihe 111.111 
a,t;einent of the tralVie departiiieni ol 
■'The Northern," which he held till 
ilhhe.ilth compelled him In retire in 
i.S.Si. Since then he lieeii 
iileiitilied with the I'pper ( ' 
liilile Sncielv, of which he is now 
rermaneiil Secretary. HehasserM'd 
the citv in an aldermanic capaeil\ 
three^. and iinsiiccessl'iilly con 
Icsled ('eiilre Toninto .11 the 1. 1^1 
I'lelieral I'.leclinii. in ihe 
iiitert'st. Ml. Il.livie is .1 dileclnl 
III' the Ontario Loan \ 
Inveslinent (nmpaiiy, the I'oronlo 
(ieiieral jitiryinn ('iioiimN Triisi, ihe 
Newsliovs' l.nd.uinj;, and the I'nr 
niilot'itv .Mission. He is a trustee 

the neat appe.irance ol 
I'litt'rprise as a l.iw linnk- 
relatiniis with the 
emlira<'e a luimlier ol 
the CaiiiiJiiin /■(i7(i 
\\.\.). besides many 
niinn law piililishers. 
Iiy those wliii know him. 

i;i,iriiv Ciiwiia us, cornki; or .\iii lAini ami Vk iouia Sruiicis, 

nl the Niuiiil; Women's Christian (liiilil and a lile-nu-ml ir of St. .\iiilrew's Society, Calei'nnian Society, and the N.M.('..\. 
Mr. William .Mien Shepard, Maiiat;er of T/ic Mil// Joli I'rinlinj; Company, was horn in r>rowiiville, N.S.. July mh. 
i.Sfo, , mil W.IS liroiij;ht to Canad.i when lint si\ months old. After hein^ trained in the I'lililic and ( Sehnols at 
lirockville, he t.uif^hl schooll'or Slime time near lielleville. In 1S47, lie apprenticed at the l',i/iii,/ii C//>/>//,iii .IJrvoj/c 
ollice, Hamilton, In le.irn printing;. I k' liecnne editor of the /I'l-AVf/Z/c /n./tpcndftil m 1S5.S, and the followini; year .■■cepteil 
,1 position on the staff of the /n/,///xiiiCfr, nf the s,ime place. Siihseqilenlly the cniilrol of the |iaper ilexolved upon him, and 
on the orgaili/ation of the /iilf/lii;eiife>- I'rinlinn iV I'ulilishing Company, he liecanie M.magiiig-I )irector. In 1.SS4, Mr. Shepard 
tnnk chart^L of /'//(■ Afii// Joli Department, now /'//i' J/ij// Job I'rinlini; Company, and siiue time has built i.p one of the 
finest businesses in Canada. He knows well his art, and besides an intimate and practical knowledge nf printing, has e\cellen! 
taste and guild judgment. The present volume is a specimen of the work of his Company. Mr. Shepard is a I'resbyteriaii 
and a manager and elder of St. .Viujrew's ( 'luircli. He is also I'resiilenI of the I'oroiito Typothelae, and \'ice President of the 
I ypolhelae nf .\inerii a. 


(•('.l/.l/A7i'(7.//, TOk'OXnK .l\J> rilE Cnir.lS OF COMMERCE. 

Ml. liMiik \\,«,uii H.i, lioni in W lll^lli^(■. Ijicliiiil.-iii tln' xt-.n iS^jS. Cniiiiii^; In C.iii.iila Ml i,S5ri, lie spent fmir yrars 

lilliiii; iIk- Mill ,111(1 luuiii'^ (Hit .1 lidiiu- III tlu- li.ic kHiMxl-,. Ill' iluii liiiiK<l his .iiiciiliiiii In I'diicaiional inaltfrs, and for nine 

_ viars Inliinviil llir iiiurissioii iil mIiihiI tiarlirr. ('(lining In Tnrnntn, Ik- was f^ivin 

llu- maiianiiiKiU <il' llic Clitinii Herald, wliicli he pun liasid In iSSj, and rliaiit;c<l 
Id the Dvmiiiwn Cliuichiiuiii. This paper ulitained a uide lepiitalinn as a staunch 
advDiate of the Cluinh ui I'aif^laiid. The name was rhan^'ed again during the 
present uar, and the perindieal is nnw known as the CiUhulinii C/inn/iimiii, ni 

whieh the Rev. I'mlessor Clark, nf 'I'rinitv 
■ ■ ■ ■ IniviTsity, is the able and popular editnr. 
Mr, Wdnten is a I'ast President and I >is- 
niel l)epnly (hand Ntaster nl' the Sons of 
r.iiul.ind l!elie\nlint Sniielv. lie is a 

Mk, \V, \. Siiia.Miii. 


MK.hniN IIakmk, 

nieinlier nl' the Chuivli of l.ngland. Si. 

(leorge's .Society, and the l!ii,nil nf Inicle. 

■Mr. |nsi,ih llriKe, the will klinwii ,^.. 

King ,Street phntngra]iher, who was linrn 

at (iiielph, Ontario, on ih.- lOth nf June, 

1S40, is a nr.indsnii nt John laylnr, the hero, who, while serving under 

Nelson on lin.inl the ".\1( nieiie " in 1 71).^, disliiiguished hiniseU' liy leaping I'roni 

the y,ir<l arm into the .Mediterranean .Se,i ,inil rei overed the lio\ containing des- 

palches for Xapnlenii. which had been thrown overboard from the Kreneli gun boat, Mu i,,>,nj, i;,;, , p 

" I.e ledger,' when sorely pressed by the llrilisli lleet. Kor this act of braverv lie 

was awarded a lite pension by the City of l.nndnii, and was hon nired by having his portrait painted for the N,itional (lallery. 

.Mr, Taylor came to Canada in 1X54, and was followed three years later by his son in-law, (ieorge liruce, the father of our 

subject. Josi.ih Uruce echic,(ted at ihc IVnMcy lllnc k School, In W illi,im ( 'ow.m, a lamous master in his day, .\fter leaving 

schniil, .Mr. liriiee studied archiiecliire inCnielph 
fnr about four In i.Sdi, he winl to IJue- 
bec, where he practiseil Ills profession for a 
twelvemonth, removing thence to .Montreal. 
Here, having previously had some evperieme 
as an amateur in phntogniphy, he engaged with 
the tlu'ii cilibr.ited photographer, W'm. Not 
111,111, uilh whom he remained for some years, 
when he remcned to ToroiUo, ,uid took charge, 
,1^, of the business of .Messrs. Nolman 
iV Ir.iser. .\t the expiration of seven years he 
-iMied his connection with this lirni and es- 
l.iblisheil himself in business on his own account, 
,11 I i-' King Slrcel West. There are few houses 
of rifiiieinciii III I'oroiito, or for in.itltr. in 
< liit.uio, ill. It do not contain one or more pliotn- 
Lir.iph-. e\ecutiil in Mr. linice's i-\cellciU studio. 
.Mr. I'.lilridge St.mloii, photographer, is 
a native ol Cobourg, where he was born March 
71I1, iS;4. lie was educated at \ic loria I'ni- 
M r^ily, ,ind having a decided fiiiu/ioiil for pliolo- 
grapliy, made it afterwards a .-.pecial stud). 
^\ liile in \irginia, lie was the first to mIrodiH e 
the pliotognipli on paper, and became i elebrated 

ia?t- , 

^jm *J 





" l'AUKVIK\V, 

11 ) M 1. (Jl Ml. 1 li,\M, WiiiM 1>, Ml, \W Sl 111.1. r. 



lor llic rxcL'lliricc nf lii^ |ir(Mliiili(iii^. Kiluiiiiiii; lo ('aii.i(l;i lie nin.iiiHil luir lill 1^(14, wIkm lie »iiil In ll.illiiiKin-, Mil., iiiul 

()|icin.'(l :i studin. Ili' p.iruil willi liis sIkih- dl llu- l)U>iiH'^.s in 1.S71, and 1 li(i.,r rninnlo Icir .1 |iiiniantnt hnnu-. Iliwas 

(■(iniiciti'd with tin- I'nni nl Mt^^Ms. Slanlim \- S'icar^ until t^'ii years a;;(i, since 

which time 111' lias Inllnurd lii,. prdlissidn Hillimit a luisiness (larlner. Mr. St, niton 

has twice been elected I'resii.eiil of the riioto^ia|iliif .\ssucialioii of ( 'aiiaila. lie 1 

is an l''.|>is( niiali.iii, and a iiienilier of the .Masonic fciteniily. l''or thirty live ve.ns 

Mr. Stanton has succissl'iilly |iiai tised his .\rl, and is ,ihv,iys to lie loiind .11 his 

studio, {>,uin^ |>ersoiial atlenlii n to the 

jiosirij; ol .ill sntcrs. 

.\lr. Ilerlierl V,. Siniiison, 
liholonr.ipher, successor to the well- 

Mk. Mi Ui.i ki v.. 

Mk. I. 1. I. 


Ml.. 1:1 iiuihi.K Sun ion. 

known linn ol' .Messrs. NoliiKin \ I'raser. 

is a n.itive ol Ontario, haviiij; lain liorii 

at Riclinioinl Hill, in the year iSdd. He 

^'^" "'^- came to Toronti) aiuiut ten years a^o, and 

lia\inn ac(|iiired a proressional iihii.ition under some of the liesi Canadian artists, 

he |iiiri hased the liiisiiic.s ol .Messrs. iV I'raser, proli.ilily the lari^est and 

best ,ip|iointed house in ( 'aiiada. .Mr. Simpson's gallery contains nearly 100,000 

negatives ol' the most |iroininent men and best known society women, not only of 

t '.inada, liut of I'.urope. His iirolessional skill and reputation have fully ei|ualled 

that of the hrni of which he is the successor. Himself an artist of merit, .Mr. Simpson has kept fully abreast of the times, and 

has added to his est.iblishmeiit .ill the ini|iroveiiieiits .nid .idv.uit. lues 111 the pliotogr.iphii art suggested by science. He is a 

member of the (lunch ol Ijigland and of 

.St. (ieorgc's .Societ\. 

Mr. J. I'raser liryce, photographer, 

was born ill 1S52, in Diindas, ()nl,irio, where 

he received a primary and mechanical educ.i 

tion. Coming to Toronto. Mr. Ihyce studied 

photography with .Mr. Thonias lliniler. after 

which he s|ieiil some liiiie in perfecting him 

self in the Art with C. ( '. K.indell. of I )etroit, 

and J. !•'. Ryder, of Cleveland, both of whom 

are proficient artists with repulations. 

Ill 1884, Mr. liryce located pcrmaiieiilly ,it 

'I'oroiito. purchasing tin- establishment of his 

first einploxci. .Mr. Iliniter. The unilonii 

excellence of his wcirk has ni.ide .Mr. Mrycc's 

studio the resort of many of the best people 

of 'I'oroiito. 

Mr. W . Mi. kiclliw.iile, photo 

graplur, was born at .\shlon tinder I. ync, 

Lancashire, ICngland, h i^tli. 1H4C). He 

was educated at Hay's .Viad'-my, In his native 

town, and served a year in an architect's 

oflic'c. Turning his attention to photogr.ipliy. 

he spent si\ years in the study of the .Art. 

after wliich he pracli.setl lill 1875 in Ireland. 

Ui-siinNcr, or .Mic Iionaim lA.Miia i i . Hkci i\ 


CO.UM/:/a/.U /'I'A'CA /•(', .l.\J) THE CUIEIS Oh COMMKKCE. 

I'.l-iril MaNII Al .OliY 01 Ml— .K'.. ClIKIMM , IlliOU N >\ Ccl.. lUKl SlUKI T. 

lsr>iiirAci, oi Ml:. CiriK'^i (li'itn, III i:Nh<iNw\ nnk Koah 



('nliiliij; hi ('.iii.mI.i ,iI iIi.iI Iiiiu', lir »,is;iii ;ill,ii 111' of The .lA/// iirHs|i,i|>( i Im liner U'.irs. ir>ij;iiiiij; tii ii|uii .1 ■.liidiii ,il )0 jjrvis 
Slivcl. Sun (■ lluii 111- t.ikrii ,1 liif^li ijnk ill llif linilr^siDii, and <iililimirs In dn lir^l li,l^^ Hdik. jli^ -^iKii.illy l^ niiidncn 
\icws. .111(1 iii.iiiv 111 llii' |iii tun-' III ^ll^c■ls, |i.irks and |iiililic liiiililin;;s In lliii wnik 
ail- 1111111 |ii( Uiiis liy lliis iliMi a|■|i^l. Mi. \lii klilliwailr is a iniiiilnr iil llu- 
MaMinir liiiily and nl llir Smii nl lai^land. 

'I'lir hiti' Mr. W'illiaiii S. Kuliinsun, drii;4nisl. H,i-.liiirii in (l^illl^ll^. l.ininln 
.sliitv, l';il,i;land, .Mairli yi\\, iS,?.). Hi' "a> lliiii' a|i|ilillliri.d In a di ii,l;j;i>1. .uid mi 

arri\iiii;al iiianliiind laiiu' tci Canada. . 

lie c iiniiiiriii 111 linsiiH>s ,11 Wliiiliv, 
wluif 111.' w.i^ iiiiliiiliin.ili l\ liiiiiit mil. 
Ill' llii'ii iriiiiiM'd 111 Tiirnnln. .mil 
ni.iii.iHi'd lIu' dni" --Imi' ul Mr. Kulurl 

.Ml, i . W. Mil Ki.Ki iiwAiir.. 

Tiii- I, All Ml;. W. .s. IvoiaN-^oN. 


JU^''^^^^^ lliaiii|iliin. whiili 111' ari|iiirrd in iSnj.and 

-^ ^^ -^^^^^^ aflLTwaiiK I ariiid mi in lii> nwn iiaiiii', at 

S,!J Niinjic .Sucil. Ml'. RnliiiiMin war^ 
mil' III till.- rmmdi.r> nl iln.' ()nt.ii'iii Cnl 
lific III' I'liarinaiy, and served in \ariiuis 

ia|iarilies as an iilVirir nl ill. it linily. lie was a I'asi Master nl' .\slilar I .ndj;e. .\. I'. 

iV .\. .M.. .mil .111 artiM' iiHinliiT ul' die Swedenliornian Cliunli. lie died Irmii a 

suildeii sirnke nl [i.u.iKsis, nil l'\ -'51I1, I SSi), and was iiunh re.urilled liv iiiaiiv 

|iiiimiiienl I ili/eiis .mil dniunists nl' 'rnrnnln. 

.Mr. lames Uiivall. nl' tile I'al.iee Sinve Slnre, Kill;; .Street I' and a wnrtliv 
eiti/en, linrii in nl hainlish |i.ireiil,ini', nn tile Stli nC I'eliriiar). 1S41). He was edili ,ited |iriiiiaril\' at a private 
selinni in the eity nl' (^tiieliee, and alter his reinu\al In Tnrnnln. in iS5ri, attended the Mndel SehnnI lure. I le llieii 
a|i|)rentii'ed 1(1 his elder liriilher, Mr. Jnlin l!n\all. In learn the Ir.iile nl a tinsmith, and kindred eallinus. ll.iMiii; lailhliilU 
served his a|i|ir(.nlieeshi|i, lie wmked iiiidir instriii liniis ,11 until iSiu). ulieii he remmed In ()h.ih,i. Twehe mnntlis 
l.lti-r lie estalilished and Innk i harj.'e nl a lir.ini h nl his lirnlher Inlm's luisiiiess .it Slr.iHnrd, (Int. In 1.S7.;, he settled ,il 
('IuIm.i. .\I.iss.. where he in liiisiness liilir ye.irs ; relnrniiiL; ,il the e\|iil'.itinn nl that liiiie In (Inl.irin. he Ini.iUd ,it I'nrl 
I'erry, where lu' .is^m i.iied in Inisiness Inr 
eight years with Mr. \\ . I'. I'arrish. In iS.So, 
Mr. Ilnxall eiiiliarki'd ill linsiness nil his nwn 
acenimt and met with nr.itil'ying success. In 
the silimiier nl' the iSijo. he (le(idiil In 
return In 'rnrnnln. and lnn|ieii his |iresiiil |il.ii e 
nl' linsiness .it iS; King Streel I'iasl. Itiiriiii; 
his residence at I'nrt I'erry, .Mr. Iii)\all served 
two terms as I )e|iiity Keeve nl that town, having 
been elected on Imth nccasiniis l>y large niajori 
lies. When leaviim In take ii|i his residence in 
'rnrmiln, he was |iiesi'iileil with an address liy 
the nllii i.ils nl' the Melhndist I'luirch, and 
also tile reci|iient nl .111 .iddress I'mni the nieiii 
liers 111' the Old l'',nL;l,iiiil l.iidge. N'n. i|, Sniis nl' 

.Mr. |n|iii M.ilinn was linrii near Middle 
town, ('niiiil\ .\rin.igli. Irel.ind, Se|ilenilier 
jjnd, iX^d. His |i,ii'eiits lirmight him in 
Canada in iS4;,aiid settled in 'rnrnnln. .Mier 
receiving a piililic sclioni education he was 

KKsiiiKM'i, 01 Mi;. loiLS .M.MI.ON, Uiinhas S 1 kki- r. 



Mk. M. J. WoOlis' (ill lACRS o\ niK I>l \Sh. 

ai)prcnti(xd lo the UiiUliLring liiisiiicss, and in 1861 opened a stall on liis own account in St. l.awreiKe Market. In iSr.j his 

business had so eMended that it occupied three stalls, and Mr. .Mallou received as a nartner his l)rother-iM-la\v, Mr. .M. J. 
.. Woods. The firm has since then liecn known as 

John Mallon \- (,'0. I'Voni 1X66 till 1876, Mr. 
.Mallon was a Separate School Trustee ii; West N'ork, 
and during the years 187^^ and 1874 he was a niendier 
of the Toronto ('ily Council. Mr. Mallon was 
appointed a Justice of the I'eace in 187^. He was 
Treasurer of iirockton from its incorporation in 1S80 
till its annexation to Toronto in 1884. .Mr. Mallon 
has taken an active interest in the shipping of live 
stock and cured meats to ICngland. In politics he is 
a l.ilieral, and in religion he is a memlicr of the 
Roman Catholic (,'ommunion. 

Mr. Michael Joseph Woods, one of the most 
enterprising shippers of Canadian live stock to the 
cattle markets of Creat I'lritain, and until recentlv the 
aldermanic representative of St. Mark's Ward in the 
City Council, was horn near the town of liallymahon, 
County Longford, Ireland, in 1847. At an early age 
he I ,ime to ("anada with his [larents, who settled in 
Torouto, and here the subject of our sketch received 
his education. In the sixties, he entered into part- 
nership with Mr. John Mallon. in the St. Lawrence Market, and has long been actively interested in exporting live cattle 

and cured meats to the Old Country, where he had estahlished agencies lioth at Liverpool and at (llasgow. In the spring of 

i8i)o, Mr. Woods was elected President of the Union Stock \ ards and .\liatloir 

Company, of which he was one of the enterprising originators. from 1881 till 

1884, he was one of the C^ouncillors of the village of Itrockton, and when that 

suburl) was incorporated with Toronto, he was chosen to represent the new ward 

in the City Council. He <-ontinucd as .Mderman until last winter, when his manv 

business enterprises compelled him lo retire, and the city lost a zealous and faithful 

representative. .Mr. Woods is interested in athletic sports ; is a member of the 

Sunnysiile boating Club, and was an active as well as an honorary member of 

tlie Ontario Lacrosse Club. In politics, lie is a Liberal; in religion, a Roman 

Catholic. Among Mr. Woods public spirited undertakings, was the erection of a 

number of pleasant as well as picturesfpie summer cottages on the Island, an 

illustration of which appears in these pages, 

Mr. Joseph Norwich was born in London, ICiiglanil, I'ebruary 51I1, 1849, and 

came to Canaila with his parents in 1S55. He was educated chielly at night 

school. His first business venture was as a l)utcher, in 1870, on \onge Street. 

Starting with very .small capital, he was 

enabled by close attention to business to 

purchase a block of land, part of which he 

sold to advantage and reinvested in West 

I'oronto Junction, I'arkdale and the city. 

Mr. Norwich was instrumental in organizing 

the i'arkdale I'rcsbyterian Church, of which 

he was Chairman of the Hoi:rd for ten years, 

and was elected elder in 1888. Mr. Norwich 

was a member of the first Council of I'ark- 
dale, in iS7(), and held office till i88i. He 

was \'ice-l'iesident of the Conservative .\sso 

ciation of West N'ork. ii'signing ol'lice when 

it was not permitted independent action but 

still |)ersonally holding (■onser\ative views. 

He is a I'ast (irand of City of Toronto 

Lodge, C.O.O.K., a member of Alpha Lodge, 

\. V. Ik A. M., the Orange Association and 

St. (ieorgc's Society. Thk Mai.i.on Ui.ock, Dundas StRitr 




Mr. Joliii JoMpli Ward, mcrthant tailor, of 1247 (^)UL'cn Slrcoi West, was l)orn at London, Ontario, May 18th, iSf)f). 
He has ac(iuirL'd a tlioroiigli knowledge of his Imsincss, to which is to be attributed the large degree of siiceess he enjoys. .Mr. 
Ward is a believer in organized labour, and has held positions of trust in numerous 
organizations. He has several times been a delegate to the Dominion Trades anil 
Labour Congress, and is a prominent Knight of Labour in this city. At the age of ' 

twenty-two he was elected a member of I'arkdale Town C'oUM'il, and remained one 
till the numicipality was annexed to 

Mr. .McN. Millard, undertaker, 547 
Vonge .Street, is the descendant of a 

MK, JOUN I. W,\K[I, 

Mk. IlkNkV LCCAS. 

Welsh family, who in the year 1620 emi- 
grated with the '• Pilgrim lathers " to the 
L'nileil .States. Mr. Millard was born at 
Newmarket, Onl., on the ytli .March, 1S52. He is the second son of Joseph 
.Millard, ]. 1'., of that town, who has been in the furniture and undertaking business 
there for many years. He received his education partly at Newmarket and partly 
at the Toronto Husiness C^ollege. .\t the age of iS years he took a position in his 
father's warerooms, and in the year 1S7,? was admitted into partnership. In Decem- 
ber, 18S0, he retired from the firm of |. .Millard \- Co., and connnenced business 
in Newmarket on his own accoimt. There he remained imtil January, 1SS4, when he removed to Toronto, to assume the 
position of assistant to the late John N'oung, and reniaineil with him mitil his death in December, S.S85. He then |)urchased 
the business of his late employer, and carries it on still under the name of John N'oung. Mr. Millard has made a special 
study of the subject of embalming, and is thoroughly posted in all the most approved methods for the care and preservation 

Mk. Ai,k\. Mill aki) 

Tint Isi.\Nii's I'oiNr i.\ i,Sf.7. 

of the dead. At the same time he has not lost sight of the importance of having all work done on thorough sanitary principles. 
Since the organization of the Undertaker's Association of Ontario, .Mr. Millard has always taken an active part, and in i88c) was 
elected one of three members of the first Legislative Committee of the Association. In iXyo lie was elected President of the 
City Undertaker's .Association. 





Malniudk oi I'liKoNKi's I^■|)^■^lKIl s. Aki; Oik Wants ioo Akiiik iai. ? -Usi-: vik Mkiai.s in Mohikn Manikai- 
ii'KKs. Inihsikv Kmi'i.ovi-.d in Tin. Akis ok 1'i:a(i;. Xaiivk Iniiisikii-.s vs. Imi'okiaiion. ("anaha Mkcomi-.s 
Si;i.K-sfHK iNi;. Till. l.otAi. I'diiKK, His (ainikn I mkn r and I.A\v-Aiiii>lN<: CiiARAcrKK. 'I'okonio Indisikii-.s 

I'lKsllJ) UnIHK ('iO(ll) AlSPR l:s So\ll kl rKKSK.NIAITVK MANrKAiroKli;- ANIi IIIKIK ICNIKkl'KlSINc. lolNHI-.Ks. 

Till) 1.x TIC NT ami fjrowinn nia};iii- 
liidc of the industries of Toronto ram 
it honour, aiul mark with ilistinciivc 
cmpliasis the transformation wliicli luis 
come over the lity from the savagery of its early 
wilds. It lias been often said, that we of this 
generation live in an ago of artilieial wants ; hut 
this is h.irdly true of the people of Toronto, if 
our wants are wholly met liy the mamifaitures 
of the native market. In the main, it is utility 
rather than ornament that employs the labour 
of the loial artisan and craftsman. Our want.s, 
of course, have gone beyond those of the savage, 
.iiul even beyond the wants of the early settler. 
Hut this is merely to say that we, as a people, 
have advaiiceil with the civili/alion of the lime, 
and have sought to share the comforts and to 
utilize the machinery with which science and 
invention have endoweil our modern age. At 
an eariier period, wood and the products of 
wood used to be sufiii'ient for our needs. If 
we have gone beyond that era of simplicity, it 
does not follow that we have become artilieial. 
It means merelv that we are economizing the 

, 111' 1 1 LaKKVIEH HorEl, I'ARLIA.MF.NT STRRF.r. 

materials which are now becoming scarce, and 

making use (>f those which are more durable and better adapted for our wants. It is marvellous the extent to which the metals 
are now fade use of in almost every branch of manufacture ; and Science is daily placing its triumphs at the service of man, 

to enlarge the range of his achievement, as 
well as adding to the hum of industrv. Here 
toil and skill are happily put to beneficent 
uses. It is not in the making of rilles, can- 
non, ironclads, or other agents of destruc- 
tion, that industry is here employed ; but 
rather in the useful arts and the lile.ssed 
servi<e of peace. Much is also locally being 
manufactured which we used to imiiort. In 
this respect we have become more enter- 
prising as well as more self sul'ticing. AVo 
no'v build our own locomotives, cars and 
steamships ; m.mufacture all the material for 
our bridges anil bouses ; and even forge and 
fashion the ma< hiiiery for turning out ma- 
chinery. In this latter regard, it is to be 
feared, the saying is true, that the tool some- 
times overshadows the wo k'liaii. It is 
noticeable that much of our machinery re- 
flects .\meri<an, rather than Ilritish, inlluence. 
Here our craftsmen have shown themselves 
adepts at adaptation. Perhaps, however, 



the iintiw ronsiiiiKT pays for this, ami adaptation, hkc protctioii, has aricithtT shield that whidi cxaits the penally for deliaiice 

of ei-onomieal laws. A word as to the local toiler. In 'I'oroiUo, it is just to say, that the artisan and workinu'elass possess 

many of the best points of their order. .\s a rule, they are conseientious a.s well as alile, and though oceasi(,nally there are 

antagonisms between them and the capital _____ 

that gives them employment, they are on the BPt'^"'' ." " , " ^- '^^ r-T-^^"-- , "^ 

whole peace-loving and just. Here legislation ' ^ 

and humane sentiment have been actively on 

the side of labour. This the workman no 

doubt sees, and he is fair enough to 

acknowledge that compared with Old World 

experiences, industry in Toronto is pursued 

under good auspices. 

The I'olson Iron Works Company 

(Limited), of Toronto and Owen Sound, was 

founded in iS86, by .Messrs. William I'olson 

\' .Son, for the Jiianufacture of marine engines. 

boilers, steamboats, yachts, launches, and 

steam-ferries, and has since grown to mam 

moth proportions, and achieved some notable 

successes in the development of this now 

well-endowed and enterprising incorporated 

Company. The Company has its engine and 

boiler works, with machinery of the most 

recent device and capable of turning out the 

largest class of work, at Ksplanade .Street, in .Sikf.i. Stea.mshu' -'Mam roii,\,' IScii.r liv tmk I'oi.son Ikon Wouk^ Comianv. 

this city. Here are constructed, besides every variety of vertical, hoisting and marine engines, and boilers (.f all descriptions, the 

famous " Mrown .\iitoniatic ICngine,' largely used in the chief cities of Canada, and of which the Montreal i:ieclric Light Co. 

alone have ten in use. The Company have also at Owen .Sound perhaps the most thoroughly ei|ui|iped ship-building works on 

the Continent, and e(|ual to any of s'-iiilar capacity on the Clyde. They are also the owners of the Owen Sound Dry Dock, 

which is of siilhcient capacity to lloat the largest vessels on om' inland seas. .\l Owen Sound the Company conduct an industry 

of the first magnitude in the Dominion, and have turned out from their yards some of the finest steel vessels afloat on Canadian 

waters. Here, from the works of the 1' ilion Co., was launchetl in May, r 889, for the Canadian Pacific RailwayCo., the splendid 

steel steamship Afaiiitoha, which had Iv / ; constructed for its owners within the remarkably short period of nine months. T/if 

Maiiiloba, at the time of her completion, uas the largest vessel on fresh water, being 305 feet long, ,vS feet beam, and drawing 

13 feet. So satisfied wc'e the officials of the 
C. 1'. R'y Co. with the results of the work on 
The Afanito/ia, that before she was completed 
they awarded a second contract to the I'olson 
Iron Wo-ks Co., for the construction of a 
steel car-ferry, 295 feet long anil 73 feet beam, 
for the conveyance of cars across the Detroit 
River from Windsor to Delroii. Work on 
this steam ferry was begmi in June, i.SScj, and 
she was plving on the Detroit River in the 
following Spring. The engines and boilers 
tor this ship were built at the works of the 
Company at 'I'oronto. ami are the largest of 
the'r kind ever built in Canada. The boilers, 
which are \\ feet, 3 inches in di.niieter. 
weighed 37 tons each, and were the largest 
ever carried by rail on this Continent. A 
third contract has now also been completed, 
in a steel steamship for the I'.irry Sound 
Lumber Co. I'he vessel. The StX'/i'i, is J15 
feet long, with J4 feet beam, and is designed 
to carry general freight on the lakes. She is 
propelled by triple expansion engines, and is 
of a class of vessels which, thanks to the 
enterprise of the I'olson Comjwny, must 
some day cover the waters of our inland .seas, 





.-„.,.-* ... — ■■ 

Steei STi'AMsiiir " Skouin," Buii.i liv iiiK Toi SON Iron VVokks Comianv. 



lor, tlic ilay lor wooden boltoms hiiiig ovlt, it is now nmnil'csl llial sU'cl sloainsliips u\ large diiiuMisions can W coMMnictal in 
Canada, with evorvtliing else thai is re(|uircd for licr now extensive and still expanding loninieree. I'he ollieers of the I'olson 

Iron WOrks Coinpanv are as hillows : I'resi- 
deiit, \\ ni. I'olson ; Managing I >ire(i()r, V. li. 
I'olson ; W. !•;. Saiilord, A. li., D. dra- 
hani, Thomas West, James W orlhinglon, W. 
('. Matdiews, J. 1!. Miller, T. I'. Chainherlain, 
1 Erectors. The <apital stock is $,500,000. 




About the year 1S40, three liright young niechanies iVoin :!•.•■ Soho Machine 
Works at lielfast, Ireland, estahlishcd the .Soho Mai hine Works, 'I'oronto. .M'er 
passing through tliree or four ownerships, the estalilishment, which is located on the 
lvs|)lanade, east of the Union Station, came into the hands of the present proprietor, 
Mr. .\. R. Williams. The chief work done lix tliis enterprising house is the ivliltin 
brokerage machine liiisiness. 

.MK. .\. k. Will lAMS. 

of machinerv in connection with his 

he brokerage de|)artment was cominenied in iS77by.\lr. I.. \. .Morrison, and was ac<piired 

liv Mr. Williams, in iSSi. It now covers 
all the important lines of maihiiiery used in 
the manufacture of wiiod and iron, together 
with power of difl'erent cl.issesand appliances 
Used in connection with machinery. Local 
agencies have been establishe<l in all the 
important commercial centres, and a large 
staff of travelling salesmen keep the establish- 
ment fully sii|>plied with orders. 

The 'Totoiito .Safe Works were estab- 
Hshed in 1855, bv Messrs. JaniL'^ and b)hii 
Tavlor. On the withdr.iwal of ,Mr. John 
Tavlor the business devolved upon Mr. 
lames Taylor, who carried it on till his 
death in 1S75. Tor a short time the works 
were situated on Trincess Street, but the 
raiiiilK growing business compelled removal 
to the |)resent site, at the corner of T'ront 
and Trederick .Streets. 'I'he present pro- 
prietors are Messrs. Thomas West and Robert 
MeClain, both thoroughly posted in this 
business, and they have done much to make 
the name of J. \- J. 'Taylor famous through- 
out Canada for safes, those indispensable 
adjuncts and sureties of commerce. 'The 
premises occupy a lilock of land, seventy feet 
by four hundred feet in si/e. T'rom one 
hundred and fifty to two hundred men are 
kept constantly emiiloyed. Notwithslaiiding 

.Soho Maciiink Works 01 Mk. A. U. Williams. 



Sai i; \Vi>KK!- Ill Miis*Ks. I . & J. Taviuk, !■ kont Sikeet East. 

thai Ihc linn has l)tcii distrihiitiiig salts tliroughout Canada for (lie pasl thirty live years, tlit-y arc still taxed lo their utmost 

capacily, and the husiiiess is yearly iiureasing. The safes they turn out rank among the liest made in the world, and are in the 

highest repute among hankers and 

the varied sections of the linaniial 

and commercial community. 

'I'lie Ontario Holt Company, 

established many years ago, took 

possession of their present extensive 

premises at Swansea, near the Hiini- 

her, in 1.S84. The buildings com- 
prise a large factory, warerooms, 
iflices and outbuil<lings, and are 

ei|uipped with steam hannners and 

the most modern machinery for the 

manufacture of bolts, nuts, carriage 

irons, and forgings of various kinds. 

It would rei|uire five hundred men to 

fully work all the machinery at one 

time, and from three hundred to 

three hundred and fifty hands are 

now employeil. The products of this 

factory are shi|)ped as far cast as 

Halifax, and as far west as Van(;ou- 

ver. The bridge rods and bolts, and 

track bolts and spikes for most of the 

railroads now being built in the Xorth- 

W'esl, were made by the Ontario liolt Company. In the rolling mills adjoining the liolt Works, about two hundred men are 

em|)loyed day and night, making in all from .seven hundred to one thousand men and boys who find work in this immense industry. 

With sue h enter]irises as this in our iniilst, Canada may fairly claim a share in the industries that mark our epoch as an iron age. 
The Dominion Saw and Lead Works, and m-nal warehouse, owned and operated i)y Messrs. James Robertson S: Co., 

was established twenty-live years ago, by Mr. James Robertson, of .Montreal. There are branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, St. 

John, and liallimore, besides the Toronto factory, which is at 253-371 King Street West. The Company does a large business 

in the manufacture of lead pipe, shot and .saws. They are the most extensive grinders of white lead and colours in the 

Dominion, and are extensive importers of heavy metal goods. The firm is an enterprising an<l successful one and conducts a 

large and important indus- 
try ill the country. 

The Ontario Lead 
iV llarb Wire Companv 
occupy large premises on 
Richmond Street ICast and 
Lombard Street. The 
business has grown since 
1S76 to its present pro- 
portions. It was originated 
by .Mr. .\. J. Somerville as 
the Ontario Lead Works. 
.\t that time the Company 
produced only white lead 
and lead pipe. In iSSo, 
Mr. Somerville commenced 
the ma.'iulr.cture of barb 
wire and formed the 
Ontario Steel Harb Wire 
I'ence Company. Both 
concerns were merged into 
the present ( 'ompany in 
1SS5, with Mr. Somerville 
as I'lesident and Manager; 
T. R.Wood, X'ice-l'resident; 
James (leorge. Secretary 

TuK O.MAKio Boi.r WoKKn, Swansea, 




IaMI- Uol:Klcl^(lN .V ( ci., KiNciSlKKKl W. 

and 'IVciiMiriT; and T. S. Itavlc^, Sii|)crintciuli.-iU of Wdrks. I'lic liiisincss lias ilcvcltipcd aiul cvkridLil jjrcatly iiikIit its present 

mananiimiil. Tin- Company now mamifaclurcs Irad |)i|K, Irad paints, piitly, lead shot, lead traps (Du Hois patent), hahbi" 

metal, steel harU lelicinn wire, steel 
plain twist t'eneinj;, steel fencing staples, 
steel wire nails, and lira<ls a comhined 
industry as interesting as ii is iiseliil, 
and one of llie wniKU-rlul prodiiils ol 
an inventi\e and meehanieal age. 

Mr. James Morrison, lirass 
foimder, connneiued liis career in 
Toroiilo, in iSf)4, with a very limited 
capital. I lis liiisiness spread, howi'ver, 
rapidly, and he was compelled t(i move 
into larger premises from time to time, 
till Iv tinally took iiossession, in 1X7J, 
ol his present factory on Ailelaide 
Street West. In addition to brass 
lomuling and fmishing, .Mr. .Morrison 
does a large husiness in engineers, 
•team fitters, plumbers and gas-fitters' 
<iipplies. \arioiis additions have been 
niaile to the factory to meet the press- 
ing demands upon it. .\ four storey 
foundry was erected on I'earl Street, 
and show rooms and stirage rooms have 
been .idded. Mr. Mor ison has also 
a ciippersnnth's, where 
cojiper work for distillers, brewers, 

confectioners and |ihnnbers is manufa<tnred. It is shortly intended to remove this department to the new fictory in .Mimico, 

where new lines will be adtled. The firm employs 150 hands, and pays annually out in wages ovtr .$So,ooo. 

I'he [. !•'. I'ease l-'urnace Company, mamifacturers ol 'lie famous " ICconomy " I'lirnates, have given birth t<i one of the 

most important industries in the city, ami the operations of the firm cNteiid throughout the Dominion, and their prodiii ts fmd 

their way even to Kurope. The extensive factory and ol'lices of the Company are 011 (,)ueeii Street I'.asl, a \iew of whicli will 

be found in these [lages. The industry gives employ- 
ment to a large number of hands, besides a staff nf 

nie<hanical experts and experienced heating engineers. 

In iS.Si, this Company was awarded, at the Toronto 

Industrial ICxhibition, the Silver .Medal for their 

llconomy I'urnaees, the only premiimi given on that 

occasion, though all the other manufacturers were 

represented. I'he heaters manufactured by this firm 

arc the product of thirty years skill and thought given 

to the vital subject of . sanitary heating and ventilation. 

The Company are each year introducing improve 

ments, and have recently perfe( ted an entirely new- 
heater, designed for warming all manner of buildings, 

by a tombination of hot water and warm air. Three 

distinct classes of heaters are now m.ide by this 

t'oinpany, vi/. : the " Kconomy " Warm Air Kurnace, 

the " I'.eonomy " Combination Steam and Warm .\ir 

Heater, and the " lOconomy " Hot Water Combination 

Heater. 'These are made of .arious si/.es, suitable to 

the wanning of all classes of private residences and 

public buililings. The now |)o|iular .system of " Com 

bination '' !>eating by steam and warm air, was invented 

by Mr. ]. V. I'ease, of this Company, and his I' 

was the first of thai kind anywhere put on the market. 

» )f this Company's heaters there are over ,50,000 now 

in use in the United Stales ; they find their way, also, 




as wi' liavi- said, iiili) cwry |)arl of Canada and iiilo many plaics in tlii' Old World. In nccnt years llie ■jnal advantam' of 

li /naci.' lirating nvcr thai iif old healing nii'lhdds liy slows, has so coini' home lo iieople llial liiiildint;s and residences are now 

occupied or left empty as furnace heating 

methods are or are not adopted iiy owners or 

liuildcrs. 'I'lie conse(|iienie has lieeii an 

enormous prodnc lion of steam, hot water, 

and w.irm air healers, the chief demand being 

supplied liy the maiuifacliires of the Tease 

('ompany. 1 lu' business of the ('om|>any is 

under the direction of the President and 

'Treasurer, Messrs. John T. and Joseph H. 

.Sheridan, men of enterprise and al)ility, who 

have recently eMended their manufacturing 

operations by the erei'lion. at .\Iiinico, of a 

large foundry and machine shop, to enable 

the linn lo meet the increasing demand for 

their I'.conomy healers, as well as to elialile 

them lo lake ti|> the manufacture of all 

manner of regiskrs, for domestic use, which 

the firm have hitherto largely imported. 

Mr. II. .\. .Massey, President and 

Cieiieral Manager of the Massey Manufaclur- 

'ng ("ompany. was Ixirn in ihe Coimly of 

llalilimand, .\pril iyth, 1.S25. .\lthough the 

son of a farmer he early began lo exhibit 

souikI business inslincls. His early training 

was received at UalerUnvn, \.\'. When but 

seventeen years of age his desire lo taste the 

sweets of independence led him lo work two 

winters In the lumber camps. In his nine- 

leenlh year he began a course at \ictoria 

University, and by his own indu.slry ac(|uired an education. When he turned his allenlion to the manufacturing business. Mr. 

Massey found ample sco|)e for his skill and energy. Mis name today is familiar throughout the Uominion, and the agricultural 

niachiners made by Ihe Massey .ManuliUluring Company is extensively used in every grain growing section of the world. 'I'he 

Company has turned out 140,000 
machines and implements, and their 
annual output is The 
works give employment lo from 650 
to 750 men in the twenty dei)arl- 
meiits, and 150 h.uuls areemployeil 
in outside branches, liesides these 
there arc Soo to 1,000 agents who 
earn the greater part of their living 
from the sale of the Massey 
machines. .\Ir. .Massey has been a 
life-long member of the .Methodist 
Church. He is President of the 
Sawyer \- .Massey Co., Hamilton, 
builders of threshers and engines, 
and of Massey iV Co., Wimiipeg, 
general dealers in farm implements 
and settlers' effects. .Associated with 
him in the Massey Manufacturing 
Co. are his two sons, Mr. C. I). Mas- 
sey, \'ice President, and .\Ir. W. V.. 
H. Massey, Secretary anil Treasurer. 
.\ portrait of ,\Ir. Massey, Sr., will be 
found in these ]>ages, as well as an 
illustration of his residence on Jarvis 
Kesii.eni K oi- Mr. C. I). Massey, Jarvis .Strket, Street, known as " luicliil Hall. " 

Mokkison's ISuass WokKS, Ahei mI'K Srui.i t W. 



Mr. John .\l)cll. inniiU' :mi(1 mailiiiif manufailurcr, whosi^ ii;aiiinu)tli cslaMishiiR'nt is sitiiati'd on (,)iiocn Sired West 
mar tlic subway, was liorn at Cliarlton Kinj;s, (iloiaoslorsliirc, Knulanil, Scplcinhir jjihI, 1.S23, ami was cilucatcd at Clicltin- 

liani. (doming to ('anada a young man, he cstalilislied the Woodhridge Agricultural 

Works '1 fS4f;, hut the misfortune to he hurnt out, with a loss of $200,000, in 
Marcli, 1M74. Such was his energy, however, that two months afterwards the 

Mk. II. A. MA^■.I:v. 

estahlisliment was (lu|ilicaled on the same 
site. In iSSf), Mr. Aliell moved to his 
present location in Toronto. Among the 
many medals awarded him, one is of special 
note, inasnnich as it was |)resented in 1871; 
to .Mr. Aliell hy II. R. II. the rrinecss 
Louise, at the Senate Chamber, Ott.iwa. As 
the S( ripiure saith : " Seest thou a man liili- 
gent in business? he shall stand before 
kings." Mr. .\bell has been a Justice of the 
Peace since 1S70, and ['resident of the 
\'aughan Koadt'ompany since 1875. I'rom 
iSf),5 till 187ft, he was President of the 
X'aughan Agricultural Society, and from 1874 
till i88f). President of the West York Agri- Sncietv. He was the first Reeve of 

Tur; J. I'. Pkase Fuknace Co., Quekn Strekt East. 

Woodbridge at its incorporation iji 1883, and held the otifice till 1886, wh-n he 
removed to Toronto. Mr. .Abell built the first steam engine in the Township of 
Vaughan, and in 1880, built the first compound portable engine. He is a member 
of the (Muirrh of I'jigland. 

Mr. William Christie, of the firm of Messrs. Christie, Hrown it Co., the most 
extensive biscuit manufacturers in Canada, commenced business in Toronto in the 
early fifties, on a very small scale. The present firm was formed in 1868, when 

Mk. Juhs AhKi 1.. 



Mr. ClirUlit' fiiUTiMl into p.irliuTsliip with Mr. .\U\aii(lir llrowii, uridir llic naiiK' ul .Messrs. Cliristic, Itrowii iV Co. TlR-y 

llu'ii oi(ii|in<l tlif prriiiisis oi) Ndiinc .Slriil, wIktc tin.' luking rslalilisliiiRiit ol Mr. Josrph Tail. .M.l'.l'., now is. In rS;^, 

they ruinoviil to largir priinisos on hramis 

Street. The I'lirther eslension of the hnsi 

ness was met by the erection of tlie present 

mammoth factory, at the corner of Duke and 

I'rederick Streets, which has from time to 

time lieeii enlarned until it is now three times 

its f)rij,'inal si/c. The puxliKeof this factory 

is sold in Canada from the Atlantic to the 

\l i;. O. I A\ II ^ Nl w 

Uksmiknck ok .Mk. II. .\, Masskv, jAuvrs SruKKr. 

I'acilic, and has reached a high point of excellence. Personally, Mr. Christie is a man 
of liinh worth, and his lirn\ enjoys the ( onlidence of conmiercial circles both in and 
out of Toronto. .\ picture of his residence will lie I'oimd on page }fit. 

.Mr. Octavius Xewcomlu'. the extensive piano mamifaclurer, was horn at 
I lankford-Harton, Devonshire, I'.ngland, on the i()th November, 1.S46. .\t eight years 
of age he was sent to Shelihear boarding School. Two years latiT, the death of his 
lather occasioned tile return of his two elder brothers, Dr. W'm. Newcombe and Henry 
Newcomlic, from .\iistralia, the winding up of the home estate, and the removal of the family to 'roronto. Here he attended 
the Model School and the Toronto Cirammar School, taking at the latter first pri/^es in mathemaiics and Taiglish. His brother. 
Dr. James Newcombe, being Professor ol Surgery in \ictoria College, he att- nded two winter sessions at that institution, though 
his personal preference was for a commercial 

rather than for a professional career. I'lic - _t_,-t~ --—,-- - ~^-^ r- -^^. ■ — -ra- 7 

intervening summer he joined his brother ; 

(assistant surgeon U. S. A.) at Washington, 
a<cepting the |«isition of corresponding clerk 
to the siijgeon in charge of l.iiicoln Hospital, 
and was in that city during the .Maryland 
raid. He subsec|uently entered the Military 
Scho 1, Toronto, getting his <:ertificate at an 
examination where there were fourteen candi- 
dates, only four of whom were then successful. 
Soon afterwards he joined the stalT of the 
(Quebec Hank, and in a couple of years 
received the appo'ntment of accountant at 
Toronto. I«iter on he was sent in that 
capacity to Ottawa, the most important 
branch of the Hank. After five years' bank- 
ing experience he accepti.l a more lu( rative 
position with one of the largest lumbiT mer- 
chants on the Ottawa, Mr. Alexander T'raser. 
of Westmeath. While there a partnership 
was offered him, with the linancial manage- 
ment, of a pianoforte business to be 
established in Toronto, and this was entered 
upon in 1S71. 'The business in <:ourse of 
time developed into two .separate and 

l'.\eioKv Ol- The Nkwco.muk I'iano Co.mi'Anv. 


ixnrsTKi.if. roh'oxro, AiV/) the captaixs of ixdustrv. 

iiuli'luruli'Mt firms, Ortaviils Ni'ttriiiiibi' liiiiin joiiud li\ liis limthfr llcnrv, mid (liviilinn tlii'ir jiiiiit iiurnu's l<i llu- liiiiMiiin ii|> 
111' tlir l.irgi- pi.inci nKmiifa('tiirin({ liiiNinos iimri' liilly (Usiiilicd lulnw. In <(iniK'('li(iii willi iliis liii^iiuss, Mr. Nrwciiuilii' 

Mk. J. ('. iNiip. 

Mil. KliW VKU I I. Ilnnhl Itll \M. 

Wakeroom ot THE Nf.wcombk Piano Company, Church SrREKT. 

Mu. T. A. IIkint/.man. 

has visited all tlic cliicf towns and citios of 
the I )(miini(in, the important cities of the 
I'liited States and (Ireat llritain, and the art 
I eiilres of luirope. 

The de\elopment of musical art in 
iiiir midst lias necessarily stinuilateil the 
Jiianoforte industry, so that Toronto has 
become the New \'ork of Canada in the 
luimher, variety, and excelleiu e of the musi- 
cal instruments inanufacliired here. Among 
these, the Newcoinlie (Iraiid, S(|iiare, and 
Upright I'ianos are conspicuous as having 
attained that artistic excellence that has 
secured for them the highest recognition in 
i;uro|)e, as well as in the United .States and 
Canada. The Newcomhe I'iano I'acrory 
was founde<l in 1S71. In iKjy, the commo- 
dious premises, 107 and toy Church and 74 
Kichmond Streets, were completed ; and in 
I cSH7, the splendid factory, 121 to 129 liell- 
woods Avenue, overlooking the grounds of 
the liickford estate and Trinity (College, with 
an additional wing two storeys high and 
extending hack one hundred and twenty- 
seven feet, was hiiill to accommodate the 
increased demand for the Newcombe Piano- 
fortes. This demand has not been limited 
to Canada. In 1884-5, ''"-• Newcomt)e 
Pianofortes were awarded the I'irst Silver 
Medal and Jurors' Report of Commendation 
at the World's ICxhihilion, New Orleans, 
U.S..\., in competition with the pianofortes 
of Europe and America, being the only 
Canadian I'iano that has received such a 
distinction, and which has led to the 
exportati(m and sale of these pianos in the 
United States. In 1886, these instruments 



wrri' f(|iially successful ;il l.ondiiii, ICiinland, licMii^ :uv;ir(U(l a jriil (li|il(iuia. Tlic firiii had alsd the fuithir hciiKiur iif 

having a Ncwcouihc (Iraiid I'iatiofurlo selected hy Sir Arthur Sulhvaii lnr 1 Icr Majesty the (,)uetii. This instnuiient was 

proiioiuiced hy Mr. James Dacer, the eompuser, as 

the "ncm of the exhil)ition," and now occupies its \ 

Mew home, the (^)ueen's Audience Chamlier, at 

\\ iiidsor ( 'astle. 'I'lie excellence of the instrinnents 

manufa'tured liy the Newcoinhe I'iano factory has 

been endorsed liy a niunher of first prizes in 

Canada, in coutpetition with (,'aiiadian ami United 

States makers, hy international awards abroad, and 

confirmed l>y the recommendation and patronane 

of the profession and the pi:l)lic. 'I'liis has inc reased 

the demand for them, and stimulated the firm to 

make their factory a model in the perfection of its 

arrangements and adaptation of modern appliances, 

so that in its fi|iiipmeiit and appointments it is 

(|uite on a par with the most complete factories in 

the United Stales. With these facilities this firm 

is extending their re|>utalion, and the Newi omhe 

I'ianos are to he met with in most of the ICnulish- 

speakinj; comnumities of the world tliroli|;hout 

the Dominion, Newfi)Undlantl, laigland, the United 

States, Australia, and even in Asia. 

Mr. T. .\. Heintzman, founder of the well- 
known piano firm of .Messrs. Heintzman vV Co., was 
horn in Merlin, Prussia, May ijth, 1S17. At the 
age of fourteen he engaj^ed in the manufacture of 
piano keys and actions, and fi)ur years later, in 
i8,?5, he entered the famous liruno manufactory to 
learn piano-making in all its branches. In 1840, 
he began business in lierlin as a piano nianufac- 
tiirer. Coming to .\nierica in 1850. he spent two 
years in New ^■ork, and eight years in liiilfalo, 
hxating in Toronto, and fianiding the present 
enterprise in 1860. He has now assisting him in 
the business his four sons, Hermann, William, 
Chailes, and (ieorge, all of whom are piano 
experts. 'I'he immense factory of the ( lompany, at 
West Toronto Junction, emi)loys 150 hands, and 

turns out some 800 pianos anmially. .Messrs. Ileint/man V Co.'s |)ianos are all of 
the highest class, and have secured fi)r the house an exceedingly good reputation. 
These instruments have met with the approval of the musical world, and besides 
supplying a large part of the Canadian market, have been very successful in ICngland. 
Mr. Heintzman is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and of the Lutheran Church. 
'The first company in Canada to manufacture silver-plat'-d ware from the 
crude metal was the 'Toronto Silver I'late Company. Incorporated in 1882, this 

(Company beg;'ii busi- 
19 ness with a subscribed 

cajiital of $100,000. 'The 

founding of a new indus- 
try like this in Canada 

w.'is not done without 

overcoming many ditVi- 

culties. 'The large 

establishment which the 

(,'ompany now owns, at 

570 King Street West, 

testifies to the energy 

and skill that have been 

displayed in jiutting it .Mr. a. J. Takkkr. 

RKsn)EXCE OK Mr. Joun C. toil', .SrRKir. 

Kactorv of tmk Acme Smver Comi'Anv. 



TOKOMO Sll.\KK I'l.AlK CuMl'ANV, KlM. SlRKKl \V. 

(Ill its tVot. Oxvr (UK' luiiiilrtil of the lust iiialianii's art' omployt'd in tlic variciiis dcpartnicnts, and travellers scilicit <irders 

Tor the linn in every part (if the Doininion. Its nianiitattnres are in hij;h repute both lor (|uality and taste in designing. Vox 

the past six years the executive of the Com- 
pany has heen under the care of Mr. K. d. 
Ciiioderhain as manager, while the linaneial 
department has lieen administered liy Mr. 
John C'. Copp. The Hoard of .Management 
is comiiosed of Mr. W. M. lieatty, ('resi- 
dent; Mr. Alfred Gooderham, \'ice-l'resident, 
and the following Directors: Messrs. (i. 
(iooderham, \\ . H. Partridge, David Walker, 
W. r. Kiely, \Vm. TlKimson, James Webster, 
and l-'rank Turner. 

-Mr. John (". Copp is a native of 
I )evonshire, Kngland. He was brought, 
when (juite young, to Toronto in 1842, and 
has since resided in this city. He was one 
of the first enrolled pupils of the Toronto 
-Model School, when it was located on the 
site now oicupied by the (lovernn-ent House. 
.\t the age of fifteen, he entered the real 
estate office of Messrs. Strachan vV Fitzgerald, 
and three years later became an employee of 
.Messrs. Jac(|ues iS: Hay, latterly K. Hay iV 
("o. He continued with this firm fiir twenty- 
seven years, for nineteen of which lie was 

the trusted financial manager. In 1884, Mr. Copp became .Secretary- Treasurer of the Toronto Silver I'late Coninany, which 

position lie still oc(upies. Mr. Copp, who is a business man of high repute and of untiring energy, has been a director of the 

Bible Society for many years. He is a trustee of the Toronto (leiieral Ikiryiiig (Irounds Trust, a director of the \'..\I.C.A., and 

deputy-chairman of the Jewellers and Silversmiths' Se<"tion of the Hoard of 'Trade. .Mr. Copp's residence, 96 U'ellesley Street, 

is a handsome building, of red brick on brown Credit X'alley stone foundation, ornaniented with grey .sandstone and terra cotta. 
.Mr. .\. James Parker, President of the .\cme Silver Company, was born October 25tli, 1H45, at liirmingliam, ICngland. 

He was educated at (,)ueen I'^li/abeth (irammar School, London, ICngland, and .New Cross Naval School, from which he 

graduated in i85(). .\fter seeing active service in the koyal Navy, he was some time in the Civil Service of New South Wales. 

R( .urniiig to ICngland in 1804, he was sent by .Messrs. H. J. TCyre ><; Co., of Sheffield, to the I'nited States, as their representa- 
tive, and afterwards became connected 

with the firm of Messrs. Rogers iV- Hro., 1 

Waterbury, Conn., manufacturers of 

plated-ware. In 1878, he became 

Canadian Manager fiir the .Meriden 

Silver Plate Co., and on their retiring 

from the Canadian market he was for a 

year associated with the Meriden 

Hritannia C(j., of Hamilton. In 1885. 

he purchased the ((introlling interest in 

the .\cnie Silver Co., of which he has 

been President since that date. The 

goods of this Company, besides being 

well-known in Canada, find markets in 

the West Indies, Australia, and New 

Zealand. Mr. Parker is a Freemason, 

an hoiioiirary member of the Junior 

Ciiited Civil Service Club of ICngland, 

and in religion, is an ICpisc cipalian. 

The (jueen City Oil W orks, of 

which ..lessrs. Samuel Rogers & (Co. 

are the proprietors, were founded in 

1877 by Mr. Saiiuie' Rogers. 'The 

firm is now ( (imposed of Mr. Rogers 

and his two .sons, Joseph and Albert 

KksiiiknceoI' .Mk. a. Jamks Takkek, Sciiii.i.ek AvKtiUK. 

Mk. JiiiiS M. Taviiik. 

Mr. Sami'f.i, Rockrs. 


Rogers. 'I hey are tlie owners of a large estahlishment, iiiamifaeturing plant, anil nunilierloss railroad ears ; and the oils they 
ship are widely and favourably known. I'ine cylinder and engine oils have heen made a specialty of by the firm. Through 
,,^,. their enterprise and energy Toronto has 

been made the heailipiarters for machin- 
ery oils in the l)on)inion, and Canadian 

oils have found a market in Kngland and 

.\ustralia. Mr. Samuel Rogers is a son 

of lllias Rogers who located in the Town- 
ship of West (iwillimbury in 1828, and 

grandson of Asa Rogers who came to 

Canada from X'ermont in 1800. He was 

a resident of the United States for some 

years, representing the (irover & Baker 

Sewing Machine Company in Kentucky 

and parts of Indiana and Illinois, but diil 

not become a naturalized titi/en, and 

returning to Canada joined his younger 

brother, Klias Rogers, in the coal business 

for a time, retiring in 1877 to found the 

(Jueen City Oil Works. In this industry 

he has found an engrossing yet profitable 

field of work. 

Mr. John Mcl'herson Taylor, 
Manager of the Toronto Radiator Manufacturing C'onipany (Limited), was born at 
Helfast, Ireland, on the 24th of May, 1865. Coming to Canada with his parents, who settled in Toronto, he attended the Vork- 
ville Public School until he was twelve years of age, when he entered the office of Mr. James Morrison, brass-founder, and at 
eighteen had attained the position of head salesman and purchasing agent. Upon the organization of the Toronto Radiator 
Maiuifaciuring Coni|)any, Mr. 'Taylor became Manager of the Company, and in January, iSyo, was made Secretary -'Treasurer, 
and now fills all these positions. The Toronto Radiator Manufacturing Company is a joint stock association, composed of 
several local manufacturers, and was formed for the purpose of making the .Safford Radiators, for hot water and steam heating. 
'The house is one of the largest establishments of the kind in the Dominion ; the factory, on Dufferin Street, having a floor 
space of nearly five acres, and employing over one hundred hands. Mr. 'Taylor is a young mai to be at the head of such an 
im|)ortant manufacturing industry. That his services have been appreciated by his employers and associates, however, is 
attested by numerous valuable testimonials, accompanied by various illuminated addresses. Among the testimonials which he 
chiefly prizes are a gold watch, presented him by a former employer, Mr. James Morrison, and an illuminated address presented 
bv steamfitters and dealers in steamfitters' supi)lies in Canada and the United .States. 

The business carried on at the extensive premises, 24 Front Street West, of which we give interior and e.xterior views, 
was started by Mr. (ieorge I'". Hostwick in 1884, Opening an otifice in that year on 'Toronto .Street for the sale of Messrs. 
(loldie & McCulloch's safes, Mr. Hostwi( k 
was compelled by the rapid extension ol his 
business to remove to a warehouse on ( 'luirch 
Street, thence to the large building on King 
Street, adjoining Tlic Mail Olifice, and two 
years ago, to his jiresent premises. 'The 
business now embraces, besides the famous 
sales of theCalt firm, ajl kiiuls of commercial 
furniture ; bank and ollicc fittings : chunh, 
hall and opera seating ; school furniture, and 
various kinds of heavy iron work, Hy a 
careful .selection Mr. Hostwick has been able 
to guarantee that every article in his ware- 
house is the best of its kind, and certain to 
win approval for everything offered to his 

'The Cosgrave Hrewing Company is 
owned and managed by .\Ir. Lawrence t'os- 
grave. 'Tin- founder, the late Mr. I*, l.'o.sgrave, 
was born in Wexford, Ireland, in i8t4. He 
came to Canada in 1850, and in iSfii started, 
with Mr. Eugene O'Keefe, the N'ictoria 

Mk. GEOKiit K. BosrwicK's Ukkicu Kukniture Showroom, Fkoni' STRBtT W. 




'» Via 

Mr. 1. F. Mai Rii !•; M,\t fari.ank. 

Mr. M.J. \VoolP^ 

ItrcwiTV. When 1k' Rtired from tli:it hiisinoss, Mr. Cosj^ravc piircliasod llio Wist ToroiUo lircwi'ry. Altera useful lilo. Mr. 
Cosjirave (lied .Se|)teinl)er 6tli, i,S8i. The business sul)se(iueutly passed into the hands of his son, the present owner, under 

whose niauanenient the reputation his 
father founded has been sustained and 

Mr. J. !•'. Maurice .Maefarlane, of 
Messrs. .Maefarlane, .MeKinlay vV Co., 
niamifactiirers of window shades, is the 
grandson of the late Hon. James I'Vrrier, 
member of the Dominion .Senate, and for 
many years Chairman of the Canadian 
Hoard of Directors of the (irand 'I'rimk 
Railway, and other public olViees. Mr. 
Maefarlane was born in Montreal, on the 
iSth of Se|)t., 1.S49, and was educated at 
the .Mcdill High .School. .After leaving 
school he entered commercial life in 
Montreal, and later on in Chicago. 
Returning to Montreal, he took a position 
in a prominent wholesale dry -goods house. 
In 1875, Mr. Maefarlane located in Wood- 
stock, Ontario, anil engaged in business 
on his own account, in which he continued 
five years. When the N. 1'. was inaugurated he decided to en;'ai';e in manufacturing, and in 1880, settled in Toronto, and 
entered upon his present undertaking. The firm of Maefarlane, AlcRinlay & Co. now turn out .ibotit 10,000 yards per week t)f 
painted shade cloth, which leave the factory in three several styles either in pairs artistically decorated, finished with fringes or 
laces, or in plain tints. Mr. Mai farlane is a Royal .\rch Mason, and a member of the Royal Canadian \acht (,'lub. Mr. .\. 
Keid .MeKinlay, who is associated with Mr. Maefarlane in business, is a native of Toronto, and was eilucated at Cpper 

Canada College. He was fi)r many years a 
member of the (,)iieen's Own Rilles; is a promi 
neiit Ma.son, and a member of the Koyal 
Arcanum. He is a successful man of business, 
and was connected with some of our largest 
wholesale dry-goods houses, and at one time 
interested with his father in the lumber trade. 
Only in recent years has the attempt 
)cen made in Canada to utilize photography, 
in what is called a process-picture, for book 
illustration. In 1888, The (^inadian I'hoto- 
ICngraving liureau wasestabli.shed, at 20,5 \'onge 
Street, in this city, for that purpose, and began 
to supply the local demand which already 
existed for artistic halftone engravings. In 
addition to halftones for books and magazines, 
ine engravings are here made for newsp.iper and 
advertising purposes. .\ large proportion of the 
illustrations for "Toronto Old and New" were 
made at The Canadian I'hoto iMigraving liureau, 
and tell their own story. Mr. I. I'. .Moore, the 
senior proprietor, is a native of l.oiulon, lang- 
uid, where he was born in 1863. In 1871, he 
came to Canada. In 1879, he removed to the 
United States, and after experimenting in Art 
methods, he returned to Ontario, where he was 
attached to the CiH/> Printing and Publishing 
<!()., as foreman of the .Art department. He 
reliiKiuished that position to inaugurate the 
)resent enter|)rise. Mr. J. Alexander, Jr., of 
the firm, is a son of the |wstor of the Dovercourt 
Mk. I. V. MooRF. Mr. J, .\i.rxasi>rh, Jr. Road Haptist Church, and was born in Montreal, 

in 1865. .After five years praitical e<|K'rience he joined Mr. Moore in 1881), and took charge of the business department of 
the llureuu. Both men are energetic, capable, and thoroughly alive to the requirements of this artistic age. 






'I'lii-; I.iii: iii.noii oi ('(immi.hii, and Inui'sikv. 'I'dUONio, thk Skai and Nkkvi; Ckni rk or I''inanik. 'I'hk Ctrv's 
liANKiNc; hAciiiiD'S. Till. Ki.MnKfKs OF Hkr Loan, Inve;st.mknt and Samnos Socikties. i.iiK Assi-kanck 


TOkON rO'S (inancial resourc's, in urcat measure, account lor the city's eniincnie in Iraile and coniinerie. 'I'liey are, 
as it were, llie life lilood of her industry, and impart liealtli as well as vigour to her frame. It is uixin llie hanks and 
monetary institutions of a town, with the organization of creiht which they control, as well as upon the enterprise and 
energy of its commeriial and industrial <lasses, that the edifice of prosperity is huilt up. Toronto divides with 
.\loiureal tlie repute of being at once the seal and the nerve-centre of Canadian finance. In these two cities are the hea<l- 
((uarlers of our great Hanks, with a total assets, available in the main for the transactions of Connnerce, of something like two 
hundred millions of dollar^ 'I'heir combined paid-up capital is not far short of a fourth of this amount. 'I'heir financial 
position and management are such as to extort admiration, and give at the same time the amplest security to the investing and 
borrowing |)ublic. The inteit'st of both these classes is further protected by the National ('lovernmenl, in the wise and safe 
provisions of the Hanking .\ct, and in the security it exacts before an institution can open its doors for business. The chief 
banking institutions having their headcpiarters 
in the city are the Commerce, 'I'oronto, Im- 
perial, Dominion, Ontario, .Standard, and 
Traders' Hanks ; while those having branches 
here are the Montreal, liritish. Merchants', 
(^•uebec, Cnion, Molsons and Hamilton 
Hanks. To these is about to be added, by 
the enterprise of Mr. (\. \V. N'arker, one of 
our ablest and best known bankers, the \'ork 
County Hank, an institution which, it may 
safely be predicted, will a.ld materially to 
Toronto's legitimate banking facilities and to 
the renown which existing institutions have 
brought her. I'liblic convenience is further 
served by the Savings Hanks, which of recent 
years have become a useful adjunct to many 
of the chartered banks, by the I' Otiice 
and Covernment Savings Hanks, and by the 
Loan, Savings and Investment ( ompanies 
doing business in the city. The facilities of 
these institutions are great, and public confi- 
• lence in them is well grounded. Of Loan 
and Investment Companies, there are now 
twenty-five, having their head(|uarters in Tor- 
onto, with a total assets of over sixty-three 
millions. Their paid capital amounts to twenty-three millions, and they place fiirty millions more, raised on debenture or on 
deposit, at ;he financial service of the public. There is little need to say much here in commendation of those beneficent 
enterprises, which mark the provident iharacter and the humanity of the age, the Life, Lire and Marine Insurance Companies, 
In their operations, aside from their practical benefit, they remove from the mind of the wage-earner, and all ranks of toil, a 
load of anxiety which would in many iistances become an intolerable burden. The following pages present to the reader some 
of these institutions, as well as those connected with finance, whose operations are part of the multiform features of Toronto's 
cosmopolitan trade. 

Of late years, architecture has done great things fi)r financial Toronto. What it has done for two or three of our banks 
it has doiu' and is doing for several of our great insurance otVices. 'Though not imposing in appearan<e, the Toronto Hranch 
of the Hank of Montreal is, within and without, one of the most artisti( buildings in the city. Substantial, as well as attractive, 
are the edifices recently erected fiir the Standard Hank and the 'Traders' Hank. 'The branch of the (^)uebec Hank, if we <:an 
say no more, has at least the advantage of a good site. Not only is the site gooil, but imposing is tlie new home of the 
Canadian Hank of Commerce. 'The building is, In style, that of the modernized Italian Renaissance, and its whole architectural 




Canadian Bai:k ok Commerce, Corner ok Kini: and Iordan Siki.ets. 


1 i»f) 

composition is ;il once dij^iiilkd and pleasing. It is liiiilt of a deep brown sandstone, its massiveness lieing relieved hy 
delicate chisel work and other tasteful ornamentation, as well as liy an abundance of window-light. It has a double fa<;ade 
and a symmetrical corner tower with a frontage both on King and on Jordan .• treets. The interior is spacious and the 
decorations are rich and effi-ctive. .Suites of rooms open out of the main flour, and an entresol, artistically designed, affords 
further ai-comniodalion for the elegantly furnished parlours of the ofHcers of the Hank. .Massive and elabor.iiely contrived 
vaults with ample storage facilities are among the neces.sary ap|)urtenances of the institution, together with a series of lavatories 
and other well-appointed ollices. The Bank of Conimerce has a history which dates l)ack to the era of Confederation, when 
it was foiMided, mainly through the instrumentality of the late Senator Mc.Master, and it has had on its directorate many of the 
most substantial and enterprising of 'I'oronlo's chiefs of commerce. It had originally a capital of one million dollars, with six 
branches in the chief cities and towns of the Province. To-day, it has a paid-up capital of six millions, with a rest of 
$800,000, and thirty-eight branches, in addition to five local agencies in different sections of the city. It has also branches in 
Montreal and New Vork, and agents and correspondents in the chief money mirts of the world, upon whom its letters of 
credit and bills of exchange are drawn. The institution has been of the greatest service to the industrial and commercial 
interests of Toronto, and its present management justly merits the confidence of all classes of the community. Its stock is 
(|iioted at \2(\, and it usually pays an eight per cent, annual dividend. It has a strong Directorate, and possesses in .Mr. 1!. V.. 
Walker, the (leneral .Manager, a banker of great ability and extensive experience. The following compose the Hoard and 
ofticers of the liank ; (ieorge A. Cox, President; John I. Davidson, \'ice-l'residenl ; James Crathern, W. li. Hamilton, John 
lloskin, (^).C., I,I,.I)., Robert Kilgour, Matthew I.eggatl, and (ieorge Taylor, Directors ; li. V.. Walker, (ieneral Manager ; J. 
H. riummer, Assistant (Ieneral .Manager ; A. II. Ireland, Inspector ; (1. de C. O'Crady, .\ssistant Inspector. 

The Hank of Toronto has for more ,^ 
than a generation been one of the most use <(B** 

ful, as well as stable and representative, of ff , _. ' 

the monetary institutions of the city. Its • >■ 

charter dales back to the year 1H55 ; but its 
authorized capital, of two millions, was not 
wholly issued or paid up until twenty years 
afterwards. Hesides this capital, the liank 
has by uniforndy good management accumu- 
lated a rest of seventy-live per cent, of its 
paid-up stock. .\t its last general meeting, 
the Hank added $100,000 to its total rest of 
$1,500,000, besides paying a half-yearly 
dividend of five per cent, and carrying a 
substantial sum to the credit of its profit and 
loss account. The net profits of the last 
financial year were not far from $500,000; 
and its tcit;il assets were in the neighbourhood 
of eleven and one-half millions. Its stock 
is now cpioted at izi. Hesides its Mead 
Offices in Toronto, the Hank has Hranches 
at .Montreal, London, Out., Harrie, Hroc k- 
ville, Cobourg, Collingwood, Cianaiioc|iie, 
Peterborough, Petrolia, Port Hope, and St. 
Catharines. It has also agencies in New 
N'ork, and in London, Kngland. The fine |)remises of the Hank in I'oronto (see illustration on i)age 47), were erected in 1H62. 
Its management has fo. a long series of years been exceptionally good, and it naturally enjoys a most excellent financial reputa- 
tion. Its administration has always been wi.sel; conservative, though it is an institution which has extended to the exjianding 
commerce of the city such facilities as legitimate expansion seemed to need and its large resources could well supply. In its 
cashier, .Mr. Duncan Coiilsc.c, the Hank of Toronto has had fi)r many years an ofiicer of acknowledged ability, experience and 
sagacity ; and it |) a Directorate composed of men of sound judgment and large wealth. 'The Directors for the present 
year are .Mr. ( Ieorge Cooderham, President ; Mr. Wm. H. Heatty, Vice-President; and Messrs. A. 'T. Inilton, Henry Covert, 
John Leys, Henry Cawthra, and W. (i. (iooderham. Mr. Hugh Leach is .A.ssistant Cashier, and Mr. J. Henderson, Inspector. 

'The Imperial Hank of Canada was incor|)orated by an Act of the Dominion Parliament, in 1874, and opened its doors 
for business on the ist of .March, 1875. Its first Hoard of Directors were Messrs. H. S. Howland (late \'ice- President 
Canadian Hank of Commerce), W'm. Ramsay, John Smith, Patrick Hughes, Robert Carrie, 'T. R. Wadsworth, and John I'isken. 
Mr. I). R. Wilkie, formerly Manager of the Hranch of the (Jucbec Hank in Toronto, was apiioiiited Cashier. In 1S75, authority 
was obtained from Pariiament fiir the amalgamation of the Niagara District Hank with the Imperial, which was c-onsummated 
in the same year. Hy this arrangement the Hoard was strengthened by the accpiisition of Mr. 'T. R. Merritt and the late Hon. 
Senator Henson, the former being the President, and the latter the Vice-President, of the well-known St. Catharines' institution. 
Since then, the Hunk has succeeded beyond the expectations of its founders, and, from a comparative!) >.iiall institution, has 

I'KillKMASl UKl'llASs' lloMK, I lOVF.RClUI R I RilA:i. 



risen to a lii^li position in tln' t'stimalion of ihc piililic, A coiniiarisoii of limiius, takiii from a slatuncnl of its rsstls and]ililios on },\s\ Marih, 1S7S, and ,^olli Scpiinilii'r, iS()o, which has hccii pn-parcd li\ the liaiik, is not unintinslin),', and is 
evidence that the institution has not only the loiifidence of the pul)li<', lull lias yielded a good return lo its shareholders. 
Dividends upon the stock have lieen regularly paid from the first day of the opening of the llank, and have aggregated 
$1,423,7(17, or an average of seven and ihree-iiuarters per cent, per annum during a period that has witnessed at least three 
severe financial crises. The Head OlVice is conveniently situated in the large and commodious liuilding, the property of the, in the corner of Wellington .Street and Leader I.anc. ("ity liranches of the !!ank are open for the conveniem e of 
its customers in Toronto on the corner of N'onge and ()ueen .Streets, and on the <()rner of Vonge and liloor Streets. 
Manilolia branches of the Hank were opened in Winnipeg and lirandon in iSSj, and the liank has ever since t..ken a 
prominent part in the tlevelopmeiit of that Province and of the North-West generally, liranches were suhseipienlly opened 
in Portage la Prairie and ('algary. The liiiperi.i! are the bankers for the (iovernmeiit of the Province of Manitoba and make 
a specialty of all Manitoba and North West business, having good facilities for transferring moneys depo.siled with any of 
its ollices in Ontario, or with its agents in (ireat liritain (Lloyd's liank. Limited, 72 Lombard Street,- London, I'aiglaiul, and 
branches), from those points lo any point in Manitob.i, the North-West Provinces and liritish Columbia. Country branches ari' 
also open at the following points in Ontario; St. Cath.irines, Welk'iid, Niagarr I'alls, Port Colborne. Ingersoll, Woodstock, 
Cialt, I'ergiis, St. Thomas, l^ssev, Sault Ste. .Marie, at all of which a general banking business is transai ted. .\ Savings 
Dep.irtmenI is attached to the Head Oflice and to 1 ach branch, and every facility is afforded for the deposit, at interest, of 
large and small sums. 'The liank also makes a specialty of Ciovermneiit and municipal debentures ; it has successfully floated 
more than one issue of debentures of the City of Toronto on the l.omlon market, and has been a large purchaser of those and 
other high-i lass securities. Insurance coni|)anies and investors usually conmumicate with this liank whenever good, solid 
( 'anadian securities are needed lor deposit with the I )oininion ( lovernmenl at ( )tlawa, or for other purposes. The present lioard 

of the Imperial consists of Mr. II. S. How- 
l.ind. President ; Mr. 'T. k. .Merrilt. \i( e- 
1 'resident ; .Messrs. W illiain Ramsay, T. R. 
Wadsworth, Robert JalTiay, Hugh Ryan, and 
T. Sutherland Stayner. The chief ol'ticers 
of the liank are .Mr. I). R. Wilkie, the able 
and energetic Cashier of the institnlion : Mr. 
li. Jennings, .\ssistant Cashier ; and Mr. IaI. 
Hay, Inspector. The liank is agent in 
Canada for the Cheiine Rank of London, 
l-aigland, and issues checiiies upon that Hank 
available in every city and town of any 
iccount in every part of the world, thus 
affording travellers the same facilities which 

t'^j(jy yBiai SJ|rXT»^55£^Sa^^^^P^^^B^fa"My^^H^^^BJII^Ki could otherwise be obtained only through a 
SbI^' 'i^^^ t^J^-J^'''4j1-Sia'~'^^^~?J|^^^^^K '"'sIH^ ^ ?^i B^BI letter of credit, but without the annoyances 

as to identifK atioii, etc., which mij,lit be and 
often are inllicteil upon the holders of such 

The Home Savings\- Loan Company 
(Limited), of which the Hon. Senator Trank 
Smith is President, and .Mr. James Mason 
(.Major of the Roval (ircnadiers) is Manager, 
grew out of the 'Toronto Savings liank, which 
was established in 1S54, under the authority 
of .Acts 4 and 5 \'w. This institution proved a most usei'iil one to the farmers, and to the working classes of the 1 at a time 
when savings banks were either unknown or few in number, for it gave an incentive to thrift and led the wageeat r to make 
provident provision for ill-health or old age. 'The .Act under which savings banks were originally established in C.' ..da having 
been repealed, it was considered desirable lo continue the business of the 'Toronto Savings liank, and to a(T<rd .-"id maintain 
opportunities for its beneficent working. 'The Home .Savings &.• Loan Company (Limited) was therefore incorporated, and in 
1S78 an agreement was entered into between the two institutions, and sanctioned by .Act of the Dominion Parliament, whereby 
the business of the Savings Bank was taken over by the new Company. Hy the same agreement, a sum representing the surplus 
profits of the Savings liank, amounting to $20,000, was paid by the Companv, and this sum, bv the terms of the agreement and 
.\ct, is held as the 'Toronto Sa\ings liank (Charitable 'Trust, and controlled bv 'Trustees appointed under the same .Ait, and 
having no connection with the Company. The yearly earnings of this 'Trust are divided among some of the charitable institu- 
tions of the city. 'The former President and N'ice-President of the Savings liank Hon. Frank Smith and .Mr. ICugene O'Keefe 
— are and have been since its organiration the President and Vice-President of the Home Savings iS; Loan Company. 'The 
other Directors of the Company are .Messrs. William T. Kiely, John Toy, and lulward Stock, with Mr. James J. Toy, (J.C\, as 

IMI'KKIAI. llANK. WKI.1.1 N<; roN SlKKl.l KasI. 



Majok Ias. M \^on, IMi. 

till' Solicitor. Its M.iiinncr is Mr. J.iiiu's .Mason, nil alilr anil i.'\|iLTiiii(LMl ("inaniial adiiiinistralor. 'I'lu' siiliscribcd lapital of the 
iTistiliilioii, wliit li is essentially a riposilory for the savings of llio people, is .$1,750,000. 'I'lie depositors of the Company now 

niiinl)er over 6,000, and they are constantly increasing and adding to the volume of 
their savings. The total deposits are riow in the neighbourhood of a million and 
three ipiarters. The investments of the ( 'ompany are restricted to debentures, morl- 
g.iges. and such other securities as are I'onsidered by the (iovcrnmenl of a proper 
character for such an institution. 

Mr. James Mason, .Major of the (iren.idiers, and the popular manager of 
llie Home .Savings and Loan Company (Limited), was born of Irish parentage in the 
City of Toronto, August 25th, iS^. .\fter receiving his education at private schools, 
and at the Toronto .Model School, where he was head boy, he entered the olVue of 
the late Mr. Walter Mackenzie, Clerk of the C'ounty Court, and remained there several 
years. .Mr. .Mason intended to study surveying and civil engineering, but owing to 
the discouraging prospi'cts of the profession in his youth, his attention was turned to 
banki'.g. laitering the employment of the Toronto Savings liank in iSfifi, he was 
appointed assistant manager in 1X72, and manager in the following year. He 
remained in that position till the business was taken over, in i<S7(), by the Home 
Savings \- Loan Company, and has since continued to be manager of the new and 
now nourishing institiUion. The Home Savings \- Loan Company, whose offices 
arc at 7S Church St., and of which the Hon. Senat<;r T'rank Smith is President, has an 
authorized capital of $j, 000,000. It enjoys an excellent reputation as one of the 
most useful, as well as sound, financial institutions in the city. Under Mr. Mason's 
able and prudent management, it has of recent years added largely to the volume of its 

business. Mr. .Mason finds til ' to fulfil the active and patriotic duties of a citiz.en. He was I )irector for several years of the Toronto 
.Mechanics' Institute and its last I'lesident when the institution was merged into the h'ree l'ubli<- Library. In the founding of the 

latter he look a warm interest as a member of the Hoard of Trustees and served as its chairman. On his retirement he was 

presented with a handsome address. He was also one of the promoters of the .\tlien;viun Club and its first President. .\ 

taste for military life led .Mr. Mason, early in the sixties, to join the (Jiieeii's Own killes. As a passed cadet of the .Military 

School, he was appointed to a commission in the corps, the organization of which was untlertaken at the time of the I'enian 

Raid, but was abandoned at its suppression. In iS.Sj, he was appointed to the e<immand of one of the two companies which 

were then added to the Royal (irenadiers. During the Xorth West Rebellion, he served as Captain of No. 2 Service (Company 

of his Regiment, and was present at the action of T'ish (!reek, on which oicasion his Company, at his own reipiest, was the first 

to cross the Saskatchewan to cover the crossing of the remainder of the column, and to support the other half of Cienerai Mid- 

dleton's force then engaged with the rebels. Speaking of the feat then aii'oinplished, Cienerai .Middlelon thus reports : "'To 

fully appreciate the rapidity with which this was done, in spite of the difficulties which existed, the river must be seen ; wooded 

heights on each side, one hundred feet high 

- at bottom, large boulders encrusted in 

thick, sticky mud a fringe of huge blocks of 

ice (m e.ich side ; a wretche<l s<()w, carrying 

about sixty men at most, pulled with oars 

made with an axe, and a rapid current of 

about three or four miles an hour, were the 

obstacles to be surmounted by dint of deter- 
mination and anxiety to join with and aid 

their comrades." On reaching the scene of 

the fight and learning that the attempts to 

capture the position occupied by the rebels 

had failed. Captain .Mason volunteered with 

his Company to charge this point, but the 

Cicneral declined the offer, saying there were 

" too many valuable lives lost already.'' At 

the eng.igement at liatoche, No. 2 Company 

was one of those that gallantly led the attack, 

and here Captain Mason received a gunshot 

wound in his right side while .advancing on 

the rebel rifle-pit.s. The wound proved a 

severe one, and he suffered a long time from 

its effects. Mr. Mason, as an esteemed, 

useful and patriotic citizen, enjoys the respect 

of the community and the confidence of Cosi;rave's Urewerv, Quekn Strkkt West, Corner ok Niagara Strket. 


/■7X.t.v<7.i/ ro^'iKxn^ ii.i.\ks. mix. ./.\7> /x.scA'.ixcr: covz-ix/rs. 

Ill ihf iiiii^l |iii| 

Mil. II.I.. IhMK. 

Ii.iiikinn ami inni llirciiij;liuiii tlu' cily. lie is imw M.ijur cil llu- Kii\.il I IitilkIuis, .mil i^ mu' 
DMiciTs m llif Kiniiiniit. He i-. an .iillurriil of tlu' Ki'iuan Callidlic' Cliiiiih, 

Mr. Iliini|iliri'y Mind llinu', rrisiilriil <<\ lIu rurunlii Slmk 1ai liaii;;f. was 
liorii .11 Mn\. Co. .Xnnauli, Iri'laiul. Si-|)lriiilKi 171I1. iS,^,v .\l tlic a^r iil rilUfii he 
irnssL'd III h'.nglanil to iililain a Imsiiuss tiUiialioM .mil Irani Uxlilr liianiitai luring;. 
C'oiniiin 111 ( 'anaila ill 1S54 lu' s|h.'mI miiiu' vrars witli suimmm^ mi ilir I'liiin 
~ Mlla, nil llu' islaiiils of the (ioiirniai) l!ay anil 1 ..ikc Siiinin', .mil 111 llir lluiUciii ll.iy 

rnriliirii-.. In iSdi In- luTaiiU' mu- nl' llir ImmiKis ol llu rutiiiiln Slmk l'Arlianj;c, 
iilwliiili lu- ".Is X'lrc I'li'sidi-iil ill iH'15. and riisidiiil in iS<i,S. and a^ain in i.SSS. In 
llu' vi'ar i.S'17 Ml. lliiiu- Innk an aiiivi- intiicsl in mining; mi llic iiiirlli slimv nl l.aki- 
Siipiriiir. lU- n.i^ .ildiinianii- rr|iifMntali\i' ul Si. I'.itiii ks W aid in 1X7,! and 
ap|Kiinlc(I jnstii (• 111 tlu- I'c.niin i.S7.(. Mr. lliiiir is iimv rnsidrnl nl llu rmnnln 
Stnrk lAcliaiijii.' and nl llie t:n|ilaiid l!iv» iiig Cn. lliis.j 1 lin rlnr nl' llir Inrmiln 
Mill l.inr Kailway anil tin- liilt Land C"nr|inr.itii)ii. I'nr smiie liiin' In- w.i-. a 1 tin rlnr 
nl lliu \nrtlurii K.iilw.iy Cmiipain. He is a iik-iiiIkt nl llie Cluinli nl Ijinlaiid .mil rnriiurh rmiiurled willi llie Kelnrni .\sMiiialinn. lull nnw lakes nn aiii\e |i.irl in 
|i ililir-^. He Is lie. Ill nl llie linn nl Me-.Ms. H. 1.. Ililiie\- Cn., -Ini k lirnkers, re.ll 
est. lie and iiisin.iiu e ,ij.'eiil^. 

'rnrniiln nwe-. tn the 1 .Hi- .\ssiiraiiie ( ■ninp.iii\ niie i il the I'mest liuilil 
ings nf llie many whieli iinH adnrn her streets. It i.^ .il nine the ninst sinkiiii;, .mil 
aliimi}; the limsl eiislly, nl tlu' Imiiies nl her enimiien e. .\nliileeliirally. il is a 
departure rrniii the usual designs nl' nltiee i iiif-tniiiinii, the iniinvatimi the well nr 
ennrt whieh liie.iks the enntimiily nf the faee rnml nl' the strtieture lieinn siit;);ested 

liv the demands in sn^e a luiildiiii: Inr liylu. The h.mdsmne ediliee we need hardly take tip spaee lo deserilie, as we nivi; in 

the xnliime a line lull pa^e illiistr.ilimi nl il. It^ ereetimi, mi nur i hiel' ihnriiiij;hrare, Kin;; Street, while it does honour In the 

I il\. is al the s.nne time a mark nf the enterprise 

and wealth nl' the great Company which stands f 

at the head orCanadian iiisiiranee. I'he liiiild- J 

ing, wliii h lieeii c niistrueted I'nim the plans 

111' Mr. W'.iite, Miiffalo, is seven storeys liij-h : the 

lirst storey presents a massive granite front, only 

the entrance pillars lieiny polished ; the seemid 

storev is of reil sandsttiiie, and the upper storeys 

of a dark enlored lirick. The main entrance is 

tlirnugli a ennrt, across the friint of which is an 

immense polished granite lilock linriie upon 

polished gr.initc pillars, an<l leading to the grand 

Vfstiliiile. tn the ol'tices on either side, and In 

the elevatnr in the Inwer at the rear of the 

Imilding. The walls of the vestibule are inlaid 

with Mexican ony\. and the great corridor is of 

old Rniiiaii Mosaic tile. The spacious ol'tices 

of the Canada Life are in the western wing of 

the main floor, and are elaliorately liiit taste 

fullv decorated. The liuilding as a whole cnn 

tains alinut a luindred ntlier ollii es, and already 

the tenants of the Company are hastening tn 

take pnssession of their line new (|iiarters. .\ 

Branch of the Hank of Hamilton oi cupies the 

large ol'tices on the main floor, cast of the 

corridor. The career of the Canada Life .\ssur 

ance Cmiipam has lieen one nf umiualilied and 

unlirokeii sui cess. Il was nriginally estalilished 

in 1S47, with its head nl'lice at Hamilton, and il 

is one of the institutions of wliii h the "Amliitious 

City " has na.son to he proud. Hamilton still 

is its heail(|iiarters and there its affairs are 

administere<l by its emineiil I'resident, Mr. .\. (i. 
Ramsay, aided liy a strong I )irecl(irate, local and 

pro\iniial. The Chief Secretary is Mr. R. Hills; 


Wahkuocsk ni Mu. 11ki)Kc;f. r. liosiwuK, I- kon 1 Si iii'i. 1 W. 

Western Assurance Uuimunc, Corner ok Wei.i.incton and Scon Strefts, 


/■/.V.l.\i7.l/. J'Oh'ONTO: II.IXKS, /.O.tX, .IX/> /X.SCA'.l.yCJC COMI'.IX/F.S. 

llu' (iiiunil Sii|KriiiUii(lilil, Ml. W . T. I<.iiii>.\y. \U 'rnruiilci in,iii^i(;irM arr Ml>^r^. (Irurm' A. ,ill(l !■'.. W. ('(i\ ; :iiiil llic 
iiK'IrdiuilJt.m c>rii( <■ li.i> liir ils advisors llu- liillnwint; lldiKir.iry hilicliiis : l.iclil. (iovrrniir Sir AliAaiidiT ( amphrll. Sir Casiiiiir 
S. (i/owski. Sir |). 1„ Mac plirrMPii, tlu' lloii. Mr. Jiislii c lliirlDH. and .Mr. ('. W. Iliinliiin. .\n iiisuraiirr i iiiii|iaiiy, ddiiin liiisi 
ncss in every province (if tlie DoniiniDii, in I.mulon, l-jijiland, and in at kast one slate of the Melnlihoiirinn Kipiilillc , and liavinj; 
fiflv Tnillinns of assurances in force, with over eleven millions of capital and other assets, and an aininal inidnu' of (wo millions, 
is in need of no coiinnendation in these pa^es. The volume and constant increase of its business, the number of its policy- 
hohlers, and the amount insured in the Company, are its own panenyric. Not only the Compan), liul Canada also, may lie 
leliiil.ite<l on the rcm.nk.ilile history of this ^reat home iiistilelion. 

_, Some forty years a^o a nuinlier of leading i Mi/^eiis of I'oronto applied to 

f. the I'.irliaiuent of Canada for a charter for an associaliiin under the style and tide 

uf the "Western .\ssurance Coui|iany." and in 1S51 the Company was duly 
incorpor.Ued with power fo trans.ict lire, marine and life insurance It has never 
done a life business, but has confined itself to the other two bramhes. I'he liiisi- 
iHss has grown from a premium iiK dine of /,,(,7J5 in the first of ils existence 
111 a piiiiiiiim income of .fi.fiKf),!),^', in iSSij. The Coinp.iny has also cash assets 
(if iipw.irds of $1,500,000. The directorate, which has embraced siirli men as the 


late lion. |i 
lnllii«>; ,\|r. 

Ml Miirriil 
M. Smilh. 

. and the 

Mk. |. I. Kpnnv. 

I.ile .S.imuel llaldan, is composed now as 
Mr. (leorge \. Cox, \'iee-l'resi<lent ; lion. 
S. C. Wood, Messrs. Robert lieaty, .\. T. 
I'ulton, n. N. liaird, (ieorge McMurrich, 
W. R. Itrock, anil I. J. Kenny, Managing 
Ihrector. 'I'he Company's building, an 
illustration of which apjiears on another 
page, is a handsome structure of Cimi- 
necticut broHU stone, siluateil on the 
north-west ( (irner of Wellington and .Scott 
Streets. The Company deserves the suc- 
cess that has awaited on it. 


.Mk. S. C. DuNi an Ci akk. 

.Mr. I. 1. Kenny. .Managing- ( 

Director of the Western .\ssuraiice 
(,'ompany, was born in London, I'.ng 
land, in the year 1X46. Coming to 
Canada with his parents when ipiite a 
lad, he was educated in Hamilton, and 
commenced his insurance career, at 
the age of eighteen, as a clerk in the 
agency office of Mr. Ceorge .\. Voung, 
the then representative of the Koyal 

for that district. .Mter four years thus spent, he was for a short time in the 
em|)loyment of the Can.ida Life .Assurance Company. Two years later he accepted 
a position on the staff of the Western Assuran<e (,'ompany, and for nineteen years 
he has remained in their ser\iee. I'roni clerk he rose to be agent at Toronto, 
Inspector, .Secretary and Managing- Director. The phenomenal progress of this 
Company, since he took charge in 1H80, is due in no small degree to .Mr. Kenny's 
skill and energy. 

The Confederation Life .\ssociation is one of the most substantial and 
successful of Can.idian Insurance Companies. It is a home company, doing 
business e.xclusively in ('an.ida, and was incorporated by the Dominion I'arliament 
in 1871, with a strong body of directors, under the presidency f)f the late .Sir Kraneis Mincks, K.C.M.Ci. In 1874, Sir W'ui. I'. 
Howl.ind, C.H., succeeded to the presidency, and has since held that position in the Company, aiding it largely with his iiwture 
experience and .sound judgment. The .Association has also had the benefit, for nearly twenty years, of the business ability and the counsels of a number of inlluential men, chiefly well-known residents of the city. I'rom the first, thanks in the main to 
the careful and capable .■idininistration of Mr. J. K. Macdonald, .Managing-Director, the Company has met with uni|ualified 
success. Its volume of current business has grown fr<mi an amount under two millions in 1873 to nearly eighteen millions in 
i88g, while its assets within the same period have ex|xiiuled from $1 13,293 to $2,894,502, or, including the capital of the 
institution, to $3,800,000. During the pitst year alone, the incrcise in tlie volume of insurance in force amounted to nearly a 
million ; while the increase in assets, available in part as policy-holders" profits, was not far from $350,000. Results so 
gratifying as these figures show, denote not only, as we have said, successful management, but the public confidence and 
favour which suct'essful management inspires. Something is also no doubt due to the liberal character of the Company's 

iMk. Mak oi.m Cuius 



rrl,iliiiji>> with its |i.iii(iii--. Ill ilif ( 'iiiili(lii.ilinii I. ill', |ii)li(iis arc Int- rnmi all rcstriilions as tii ri'siilciui' ami Iravil allL-r ihriT 
years ; llii^y are alsii iioii liirlVilaliiL' alter llu' paviiaiit ol iwu riill annual prcniinnis. Its iPoJiciL's, iiinrccivor, which havt.' lifi'ii in 
force for three years are free subject only to proof of a^e from any ohjei tlon in regard to any niis-stalenient or omission 
which may have heeii inaile in llie application lor the issue thereof. Actuated and noverned liy these liheriil and enli(,'hlened 
provisions, success has \ery naliirally waili'd on the career of the Assoiiation. A new and iniposiiiji Imildinj; is now imder 
coiisiriKtion for the ( 'ompaiiy on the north east corner or \'onne and kichinoiid Sirens, a lull pa;;e illustration of which will 
lie found in this volume. '\'\w follow inj; are the dircitors and ofliicrs of the ( 'ompanv : Sir W. I', I low land. K.( '.M.( 1., ( '.It., 
President ; Win. I'.lliot and lalw.ird Hooper, \i(i- I'residenls ; W. II. Itc.illv, lion. Janies ^■olnln, M. I'. Kyan, S. Nordheimer, 
U. II. Cililis, A. .\l( Lean llow.ird, J. I ). ICd^ar, \l.l'., \V. S., .\. I,. ( ;ooderliani, 
\\ . I >. .M.itlliews, and (leorne Mitchell, hirectors; W. ( '. .\l,i( ilon.ild, .\ctuirv, and 
|. K. Macdonald, Managinn I lirci tor. 

.Mr. S. ('. Duncan-Clark, neiier.d a^eiit of the Lancashire Insur.nice Conip.inv. 
is a Scotchni.Mi liy birth, and received his educ.ition in I'.dinhurnh an<l llrussels. .\s 
a younn man he entered the sirvice of .Messrs. (lillcspie, Moflalt iV Co., London, and 
Liter was in the employ of the London iV Westminster Itank. In iHfi4, he connected 
him.self with the I.iincashire Insurance Coinpan\. and for many \ears has licen their 
able ^;eneral anent, with headipiarters at I'oronto. Mr. I )imcan Clark, who enjoys a 
hinh reputation anions the ihiefs of commerce, has under his charge the business of 
the Company in Ontario, (,)ui1k'c, Mani 

toba and the North Wist 'lerritories. i'lu' 
" Lancashire " is one of the most success- 
ful of the l''.n^;li^h Insuraiue Companies 
in Canada, and it has been fortunate in 
having for so many years at the head of 
its Toronto llraneh a gentleman of .Mr. 
I Hmcan ( 'lark's high iharacter for business 
ability and person.d worth. He was 
elected \.\>K vear I'residentof the Canadian 


\Iu. K. Wh KF.xs. 

Ml;. Am. \V. Smiiii. 

Lire L'lulerwriters .\ssoeiaiioii. In 
religion, Mr. Duncan-Clark is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church of 

.Mr. .Maleolm (libbs, Ixirn in 
(ilasgow, Scotland, .May i8th, 1^,57, 
was educated at (ilasgow University. 
Coming to Canada a young man, his 
interest in his adopted country did not 
make him forget his native land. .Mr. 
(libbs has been ideiitilied with all the Scotch societies in Toronto, and was Presi- 
dent of St. Andrew's Society, of which he is now the popular Manager. His name 
lias been intimately connected with the insurance and real estate business in 
I'oronto for man; years past. He has taken a dee)) interest in moral reforms, and 
".IS formerly President of the Temperance Reformation Society, and District Chief 
of the Independent Order of (iood Templars. He is a Master of Rehoboam 
I odge, A. I''. \- .\. M., .\iiditor of Capital Lodge, A.O.U.W'., and an lixecutive Com- 
mitteeman of the hiw and Order League. Mr. Ciibbs has been Seiretary of the 
( 'aledonian Society. He is an active member of Lirvis .Street liaptist Church. 

Mr. Riihard W'ickins, insurance agent, is an laiglishnian, and was born 
.\ugiisl i.?lh, 1826. Coming to Canada while (piite young, animated by a desire to 
remain under the old Hag of the lam' of his birth, he received in this country an education specially designed to fit him for com- 
mercial life. His connection with the C'ommereial Union .\ssurance Company, of London, ICngland, for some years past has 
caused a large amount of Canadian insurance to go to that reliable Company. Mr. Wiekens takes an active interest in his 
fellow-countrymen whr) come to Cana<la, being a member of St. (ieorge's Society. His denominational connection is with the 
Methodist Church, of which he is a worthy and devoted meml)er. 

Mr. .Mfred W'ightman Smith is a native of I'oronto. He was born in this city in .September, 1847, when what is now the 
Metro])olis had scarcely more tiian emerged from its rural obscurity, .\fter receiving the rudiments of his education he became a 
student at Upper Canada College, and subsequently at the Toronto (irammar School. Mr. Smith is one of the best known of 
Toronto's insurance men. His connection with the Imperial Kire Insurance Company, and the British ICmpire Life Comixiny, 

.Mk. 1;vKK I'lUKhsSON. 



has drawn a great ileal of business to those organizations, lor some \i\irs Mr. Smith has l>ccii a imnihcr of the Toronto 
Board of Underwriters, of wliieh he has heen President since i.SSy. He is a inejniier of the ('hur<:h of iMv-land. 

Mr. Kyre Thuresson. J. I'., was horn of United Knii)ire Loyalist stock, at Picton, Prince Kdward County, .Xpril 17th, 
1831;. His education was imparted bv private tuition. During the SandfieldMacclonald adnn'nislration, Mr. 'Tluiresson was 
appointed one of the justices of the Peace for the South Riding of Wentworlh. I'rom 1850 till iSfio he operated extensive 
agricultural implements works at .\ncasler, which he relinquished to enter upon in c maiuifaiture of knitteil goods. The lirsl 
Canadian factory for the production of card clothing for wool and cotton carding machinery was established by Mr. Thurcsson, 
in 1866. After carrying this enterprise on for thirteen years, the worthy gentleman retired from active business. Since locating 
in 'Toronto he has invested largely and profitably in business and private property. He is a T'reemason, and a member of 
Macnab Lodge, Port Colborne. Mr. 'Thuresson, in politics, is a Liberal, and in religion, an I'^piscopalian. 

Tor the security of T'inancial Toronto, as 
well as for the maintenance of good order, the 
city is possessed of two organizations, of which 
it may well be proud, the Police T'orce and the 
Tire Urigade. The Police T'orce is composed 
of a very fine body of men, three hundred 
strong, well drilled, well set-up, and serviceably 
iniiformcd. Many of the men have served in 
the I!riti-.h .\riny, or in the Royal Irish Con 
slabulary, and in addition to being amenable to 
discipline have military instincts and possess a 
soldier's sense of diUy. 'Tlu'ir fme [jhysiipie and 
soldierly bearing are the subject of comment 
with visitors to the city, as well as among towns- 
people who see them as a body at drill or, 
occasionally, in some pageant on the street. 
Tliev are excellently commanded by l.t.-(!ol. 
IL J. (irasett. Chief Constable, a.i ex-arniy 
otHicer, and a singularly good administrator. 
( III. Cirasetl is erticienily aided by Deputy ( 'liiel 
Stuart, and by four Inspectors, .Messrs. .Stephen, 
Ward, lohnston and llreckenreid. besides the 
ordinary force, there is a small .Mounted Police 
Patrol, and an .Ambulance and Detective 
Corps, the latter inider Inspeitor Win. Stark. 
The government of the City Poli<e is vested in 
three Commissioners, the .Mayor for the time 
being, the Stipendiary .Magistrate, I t.-Col. (\. 'T. 
Denison, and His Honour, Judge Macdougall, 
of the (bounty Court. 

'Toronto's Fire Hrigaile vies in efticiency, 
and may we not say, in no objectionable sense, 
in the lust of manhood, with the city's other 
protecting arm, the Police Torce. The organi- 
zation is of cx<eptional importance to the vast 
and far reaching interests of the Proviniial 
Capital, and to it and its admirable system is the city indebted, daily and hourly, for its immunity from fire. Nothing 
could well lie more efficient than the electric alarm system now in force in 'I'oronto and the thoroughly organized staff, 
with its hook, ladder and hose equipment, at the several conveniently-situated lire stations. 'There are now in operation 
we believe over ,500 signal boxes throughout the city, and the rapidity of movement which the system has introiha ed and 
excites is most assuring to all interests at stake. 'The nund)er of street hydrants is well-nigh legion, and very ex<'e|itional 
are now the circimistances that will permit a fire within the city ''mils to get a headway and do much damage. The present 
Chief of the Brigade is .Mr. Richard .Vrdagh, with Mr. Thomas Craham as assistant. 'These act under the authority of the 
I'ire and (las Committee of the City Council, of whom .Mderman Bell is now Chairman. The Tire Brig.ade System has 
attained its present perfection as the result of a constant evolution whiih has been going steadily on for many years. To look 
back today to the old methods in use at fires in the city is to seem to look back on the days of the .\rk and the deluge. We 
have made a long stride from the era of the old hand engine and the barrel of water. 'The citizens would be ingrates it ihey 
forgot to whom they owe credit in a large measure, for the modernizing and present e(|uipmenl of the system now in vogue. 
'Two names, at least, claim to be mentioned as instrumental in bringing about the change, these are, the late Mr. janies .Ash- 
field, who was long Chief of the Tire Brigade, and ex-.AIderman James B. Boiistead, for many years Chairman of the Tire and 
(ias (Committee of the Council, and one of the most zealous, hard working and self-sacrificing of our City T'athers. 

Kk^IIiI-M F. Ill Ml.. \Vlll.l,\.l v.. UlSlilKMlN. SUKUIlllCKNK StKKKI. 



CHAi'ri:R xxv 

\\i:si' lOkoNio |LN('ii()\ AND US AcnviriKs. 

IdUllMO IN 1S17, I.S45, AMI Now. A Will. KNOWN JvVUIA WkllKk (^)IOIi:|i. Wl.^lWAKIl I'kOOKKSS 01 IIIK CilV. 

SUliLRliAN I'OkONro. liku the city itsLlf, was (imv of 
wiiti's Mr. .MoiUgdincry .Martin, in liis work on The liiilish C 
I'ariii ailjdiiiing anollirr, tlii' average lieinj,' 
one larni house in every three miles. The 
eity had then no liriek liouses, no tinned roofs, no 
l)lanked sidewalks ; the stumps of trees remained in 
the streets ; the site of the present (St. I.awrenee) 
market was an unhealthy Imn. 'I'liere were no hanks, 
no markets, no sewers; only a few stores, and siareely 
a s( hooner rrei|uenteil its wharves. Now (Mr. Martin 
wrote in 1S45), Toronto I'ontains ,^0,000 intelligent 
citizens ; rows of handsome hrick buildings, roofed 
with tin ; numerous places of worship ; splendiil shops 
or stores, with plate glass windows ; ga.s-lil and ma- 
ladami/.ed streets. The city had by this time, we 
learn, risen to the dignity of a town hall, and pos- 
sessed law courts and a university. Its wharves were 
now loailed with produce and crowded with steam- 
boats and schooners. There was a hoard of Trade, 
a Mechanics' Institute, public baths, and a fixed anil 
floating property estimated at live millions sterling. 
Arounil anil about the city in all directions, Mr. Martin 
adds, were villas, farms, and line orchards and gar- 
dens. Nearly fifty years have gone by since this description of I'oronto 
strides the city has made and is making. .Marvellous as been the 
been the progress in the city's suburbs. ICven within the past ten years the 

small and modest dimensions, h'or live miles around, 
'('/('«/<■>, Toronto, in 1817, had .scarcely one improved 

Camihki.i.'s Ili.ocK, Wi'.si ToKo.sio Junction, 

KKMIiKMK 01 Mu.JosKl'll NclUWll li, rAKKDAl.K .\VKMK. 

was written, and every urchin in the street knows what 
progress within the city proper, no marvellous has 
change has seemed magical. True to the general law, the 
chief progress has been westward. 
. ' .; No sooner do I'arkdale and lirocklon 

bloss<im out into a new and popu- 
lous Toronto, and in time come 
within the city's embrace, than still 
another civic extension appears and 
grows up to maturity like a gourd in 
the night. If the pace is maintained, 
we shall have ere long a continuous 
city, vocal with the sounds o( indus- 
try, from the waterfront to Weston. 
A stroll through West Toronto Junc- 
tion will astonish the 'Torontonian 
who rarely niiils the beaten paths 
of the <'ity proper. Mere he will 
find manufactories and all manner 
of industries that have sought at 
the Junction room to expand freely, 
with exemption from city taxation. 
The suburb has a stir and life about 
it which mark it as .-!! ofl'-shoot of 
the city, and born of the same enter- 
prise and energies that have made 
Toronto what it is. 



loliii T. (Mlmmir, M.I)., M.l'.l'., first saw llio lii;lit nf .lav in llic C.iiinly of Durham. Oiil., cm Marcli T,n 
was cdii.atcd at Tort llopi- lli};li ScIkidI, and in 1S7.S, at the age ol t\vonty-llir(.r. grailiialcd Ironi Trinity Mcihrnl 
the (kgric ol' .\l.l). In additiiin to tlic c\tcnsi\v medical praetiie which, in i-onjunction with I »r. ( 'Icndenan. 
West Toronto Junction, Hr. (lilinoiir has found time to serve the public in many 
ways. He was the pioneer of journalism at the Junction. The )'or/; Tiihiiiu\ ol 
whicii he was the first editor, is now a flourishing daily. In 1886, he was nomin.ited 
l)v the Liberal party an<l returned member for North N'ork in the Local l.igislature. 
In 1890, he was re-elected, and on the opening of the I.egislatiu'e sci onded the address 
in reply to the Speech from the Throne. 
Dr. Ciilmoiir is connected with all the 
leading Societies, is one of the I'ublii' 
School Trustees of West Toronto Junc- 
tion, and a member of tlie .Methodist 

1, .855. Me 
( 'ollege, with 
he enio\s at 

Mi:. I XMI.s 'T. JACKsO.N. 

Dk, |.iM\ T, Cll.MOIIK. 

\lu. J\ 11. llooviu. 

Mr. Jac.ib II. Hoover, of the well- 
known real estate funi <jI .Messrs. Hoover 
\ Jackson, West Toronto J miction, was 
lioiii lanuary »oth, 184.;, in the 'Townshi|) 
nl N .irk. Ontario. He attended the Wes- 
ton High and one of the Toronto 
llusiness Colleges, but in the ui.iin is self-eilucated. Mr. Hoover was on the staff of 
the Jiiiinial of Coiiiiiieiw, ■T.)ront.), for some time, and for sixteen years was a s< hool 
tea. her. 'The present firm of Messrs. Hoover \- Jackson, besides carrying on a large 
real estate business, are the publishers of the Af/'/r and \}\t'/;/y Tiihiiiie, and do an 
extensive loal. wood ami lumber trade. .Mr. Hoover is ['resident of the .\uston 
Manufa.tining Companv, of Toronto, and a Dire.tor of the Hess M.inufi. luring Company, West T.iroMlo He is a 
member .)f the Methodist Church. 

.Mr. lames T. Jacks.m, of Messrs. ll.ii>\er \- J.ickson. real estate agents, money loan br.)kers, and appraisers. West 'Tor- 
onto lim.tion, is a ( 'anadian by birth. 1 le was born al X'aiighan. N'oik ( 'ininiv. |,niii.H\ ph. iHCu. 1 le attenilcd \\ est. 111 High 
S '.ool and took a second-class certificate in 
18S0. .M'ter teaching school for a year and 
a half at Willowdale, .Mr. Jai-ks.)n matriiu 
lated at Toronto University, and in 1S87. 
gratluated in .\rts. Since commencing busi 
iiess, the linn .if Ho.iver .V J.i.ks.m ha\e 
been singularly successful. Thev are the 
publishers of the D.iily Tril'iiiif, whi. Ii was 
louniled as a weekly in 1S88, developed into 
a biweekly in i88i;, and a daily in r8(|0. 
.Mr. Jaikson is ,1 member of the .Methodist 
Church, and a Kefornier in politics. 

.Mr. Daniel Webster Clen.len.ui. b.n- 
rister, is a grailuate in .\rls of 
lege. West \'irginia. I'orinerly he was a 
member .if the firm of lleaty. Hamilton iV 
Cassels, but lor the seven years he has 
withdrawn from a< live practice. .Mr. Clen- 
denan has been closely iilentilied with the 
growth and development of West 'Toronto 
Juncti.m. He was the first Reeve and first Ui.siii|.;sci mMu. Tiiom \s Cii 111 u 1, Wrs: Touo.s 10 J.'m 1 ion, 

\ • ^ ■ A'- 

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Mayer of the Junction, :iii(l took a liMdiiig part in mapping it out. Mr. ( 'Icndi'nan has hii'ii 1 )i-puty Kccvl- of \'(irk 'Powiisliip. 
During til.- recent I'roviiuial (anipaign .Mr. (llcndcn.m carried the Ivpial Kij^lit.s lianner in \\ e>t N'ork and made an exceedingly 
good run tlie old party nominee. l)oiil)tless we shall yet hear of him in piililii life. 

.Mr. James .\. ICIlis, architect, is a native of Ojitario, having heen horn at .Meaford, .March 2nd. iK5f). He received a 
good primary education, and a tlioronghly practi<al as well as a theoretical 
training in architcclure, and now <arries on the i)usiness of registered architect 
and Imilding superintendent at West Toronto Junction. He has prepared and 
carried to their successful completion, plans for important liuildings at I'ort 
Arthur, Sauh Ste. .Marie, and Meaford, including churches, school-houses, resi- 
liences, and business blocks. .\t West Toronto Junction, three public school 
buildings, the Disciples Church, two factories, and a nmnber of residences were 
built under his supervision. Mr. T^llis is a member of the Ontario .Association 
of Architects, and is connected with the Masonic fraternity. 

.Mr. 'Thomas dilbert was born ii, Toronto, June 1,3th, 1S43. He received 
his education at the Model School, and afterwards at Rockwood Academy, near 
(iuelph. I'or thirty-five years he carried on a farm at what is now known as 
I'rospecl Park. 'The rapid growth of 'I'oronto has made this property very valu 
able for building purposes. .Mr. (iilbert retired from farming, and is now living 
at West 'Toronto Junction. He was six years a trustee of School Section \o. 
1,3, near Davenport. Mr. (Iilbert is a ("<inservative, and a member of the 
Wesleyan Methodist ('lun( h. 

'The resideni'o of .Mr. Peter 
l.aughton is a handsome brick struc- 
ture, occupying a commanding site at 
West 'Toronto Junction, fronting on 

I )undas Street. .\lr. Laughton was formerly a market-gardener. He came to 'I'oronto 
some twenty-three ago, and for a long time carried on business at the corner of Dover- 
riiurt Road and College Street. Siibsei|uently he moved to the vicinity of West 

Toronto Junction, and when real estate 
wilues rose in that locality, Mr. Taughton 
\m\ some thirty-three acres of lanil. He 
ilisposed of the bulk of the property and 
retired from active business. 

> •' 

Mu. TUOMAS liM-llKKT. 

.Mn. D.vMi;. W. Ci.KxnKNAN. 

"llomewood Hall," the residence 
of John .McConnell, .M.D., 625 Dundas 
Street, is one of the finest houses in 
St. Mark's Ward, where he is a large 
property owner. It stands on an acre 
of groinul, surroimded by trees, vines 
and llowering plants, and from the bel- 
vedere lomm.mds a view of the city and lake. Dr. McCoimell was born in the 
'Township of Scarboro,' .March 4th, 1H46, and when about ten years old removed 
with his parents to Markham. TIere, and at the Richmond Hill (irafimiar School 
he was educated, and he also matriculated at Toronto University, and obtained 
from the Kduiation Department a first class certificate as a teacher. Kor a time 
he taught school and also studied for the medical profession. Tie became a 
student of the Toronto School of Medicine, and in i.Sfii) he graduated, .\fler reieiving his diploma, he commenced practice 
at Thornhill, .nu' fifteen years later remove<l to liiockton, then a suburb but !..)« part of the City of Toronto. In i«S4, he 
was Reeve of ihi village and represented the Ward after incorporation. He is a Coroner fi)r the tloimty of \'ork, and has been 
President o( he Vi' Yi.)rk Reform Association ami of the Reform Association of Vaughan. He holds a firstclass Military 
School certificate, and hits been long connected with the ( 'anadian militia. I )r. Mi( 'onnell was fi)r fiiiir years atteiidant-physiciait 
at the Protestant Orphans' Home. 

Du. John Mcc'o.nnh.i,. 



Mr. J. M, Mouat-HigyM, town cngiiu'cr of \\i>.l 1 orcinlci Jiiiii tion, \v;is horn :il Kawnl I' 
He was ciliicatrd lor the Uritisli Army, and decideil to adopt tlie i)role.-.sioii or('i\il I'.iifiiiieer. I 
eoiirse at Newton College, So'uli Devoji, ICnglaiid. In iS,Sj he came to ( 'anada, and for two 
llominion (lovernment surveying in the Nortli-W'est, and in the Miiskoka and 
I'arry Somiil Districts. Siilisenuently he was eniployed for some time on the Wel- 
land Canal. In the spring of 18S9, he hxated at West Toronto Junction, and a 
few weeks thereafter was appointed to his present position of town engineer. 

\\ est I'oronto Junction owes not a 
Httic to Mr. John l)nnn Spears, of .Messrs. 
Spears iV (lilnionr, real estate brokers, a 
gentleman who has for many years heen 
prominently identified with the rise am 
|)rogress of that enterprising suliurlian 

indi, Indi.i, 

'o that end 

Vears was 

.\pril I itl 
he took a 

1, i.S(i4. 
liy the 

Mu. G1.0K1.K (iiim. 

MU. Ill Mil I ~ C, liiilSi.. 

town. Mr. Spears was horn in 1S44 in 

the Tow nship of W hitliy. ( )iitario ( 'otmty, 

where he was long actively engaged in 

the milling business. In i(SS4, .Mr. Spcais 

mo\cd to the Junction, and has since then 

di'voted himself to contracting and to real 

estate. He is the only person in West Toronto Junction who has continuously 

occupied a seat at the Council Hoard since the inauguration, first of the village 

and then ol the town. .Mr. Spears has lieen chairman of tlii' lioard of Water-works 

at the Junction since their first estalilishmeiit. He is also a 1 )irector of the Hess 

.Manula<luring, and a member of the I. (). (). !•'. .Mr. Spears is an ardent Keformer, of the old Clear Crit school, 

and, in religion, is a worthy member of the Presbyterian Church, and lias taken a hearty interest in buililing up Tresbyteriaiiisin 

in this thriving outpost of the Scotch Chun h. 

.Mr. Charles Cro^bie (ioing, barrister, was born at London, Ontario, Odober jisi. i.S^i). He is the voimgest son of Dr. 

doing of that city, a descendant of the 

doings of Hallypliilip, Ireland. .After being 

educated at Hellniuth College, Mr. doing 

studied law in the office of J. H. T'raser, ().('., 

and was lalled to the liar in iHSi. He 

practised for some years at Strathroy, until. 

in 1.S8S, he became a resident of West Tor 

onto Junction. Shortly afterwards he was 

ap|H)inled Town Solic itor, and has taken a 

leading part in building up this new and 

nourishing outgrowth of Toronto. He is 

senior member of the law lirm of Messrs. 

doing iV lleaton, X'ice-I'resideni of the 

I.iberal-t 'onservative .Vssociation, ( hairman 

of the Huilding (aimmitlee of St. John's 

Church, and delegate to the Synod of Tor 

onto. .Mr, doing resides on High I'ark 


Mr. deorge diird, real estate agent 

and valuator, was born in Stradbally, (,)ueen's 

(Jounty, Irelanu, July yth, 1844. He re- 




^^^^^ , >. ' /:i^^ 


\ . 'f [ jLL 1 

I.-' ^, 




1A« »■- ■ 

Kesiuknce ok Mr I'urRK Lai:i;iiion, Wksi ToKONto Jiinciion. 



ccivrd a liiisiiic'^s t'lliicatidii at RaiKlaj;li ( 'olk-gc, Alhlonc, and at tlic agu of riftccn, WfiU to 1 )iil)liM, wlierc hi- spciil five- 
years in one ol ll\c- laigtst islal.'.i.>nnRiits dI' thai cily. The next ten years were spent in his native town, wliere he carried on 

business and was ( lerk of a l)islri<'t ('i)iirt. __ 

'awqamgMp i i mn.j- 'pii ii n imii . i i i n i j i mw i i , 
( oM'.nin to this country Ml i.Sf)y, he was in •«-'- "• ■ I • ^■•5- . t s^.' 

the agency and comniissioii husiness till 

iKSf>, when he liecanie a real estate agent. 

Mr. (ilird has taken a deep interest in West 

Toronto Jiinclion. ami was a nieniher of the 

first (!oun<il of the town. He resides at 

present al the corner of Lakeview .\ venue 

and (dendonwyime Road. .\lr. (Iiird is an 

ofl'xial menilier of the .\lelhodist Church, 

and for three years has lieen a delegate to 

Toronto Conference. He is connected with 

the .\. (). L'.W. (Cranile Lodge), and Irish 

I'rotestaiU liene\olent .Society, and is a 

l.ilieral in politics. 

( leorge Washington Clendenan. .M.I'. 

and('..M., one of the most |iopular as well 

as prominent physicians and siugeons at 

West Toronto |un(ti<in. was horn in the 

C!ounty of Lincoln. He was educated at 

St. Catharines Collegiate Institute, where he 

received, besides an ICnglish education, a 

thorough grounding in the classics. 'I'hus 


equipped he passed to the I'oronto School of Medicine, where he graduated in 1882, receiving the degrees of ^LI). and C..\L 
Dr. (.'lendenan at once came out to and settled at the Junction, and in a comparatively short time built up an apprecial)le 
pr.ictice. which is now one of the largest and most lucrative in that suburban town. He holds the office of Coroner, having 

received his connnission in March, 1882. He 
is also .Medical Health Officer, C'hairman of 
the I'liblie School Hoard, and I'resident of 
the .Mechanics' Institute, positions which he 
has held since the incorporation of the Junc- 
tion as a town. Dr. Clendenan has always 
taken a deep interest in social and benevolent 
societies, being a prominent member of Stan- 
ley Lodge, .\. 1'. \- \. M.: a I'ast Master 
Workman of the A. (). U. W.: a I'ast Chief 
Ranger of the C.O.I''.; and a member of the 
LO.O.I'. Dr. Clendenan is energetic and 
painstaking in the pursuit of his profession. 
One of the most deserving of the 
city's charities, as well as one of the oldest, 
is the Protestant Orphans' Home, situate on 
Dovercourl Road, surrounded by ample |)lay- 
grounds, the Home itself being a model one, 
and by its comfort and cheerfulness tending 
to soften the asperities and brighten the out- 
look of its orphaned imnates. I'ew of 
Toronto's charitable institutions appeal more 
urgently than does the Orphans' Home to 
the sympathy and support of the public. 
The charity was hmnded so far back as 1849, and loni; liad its home on Sullivan Street, from which it removed some years ago 
to its present more suitable site. In the heyday of iier fame Madame Jenny l.ind sang on one occasion in Toronto for the 
benefit of the institution. It has not wanted iieither then nor since, many good and true friends, among whom, perhaps the 
best antl truest has been .Mrs. Matthew Vankoughnel, who for many years with loyal anil unwearied devotion served its 
interests. Itesides .Mrs. \ankoughnet, and we might mention Mrs. J. S. McMurray and Mrs. R. I.. Cowan, it has on its 
directorate an active and enthusiastic band of friends among the ladies of Toronto, as well as a few staunch supporters and 
workers of the other se.\. Since the founding of the Home, fully 1,600 children have been cared for under its sheltering roof, 
and the number of its present inmates varies from 150 to 200. The efficient maintenance of this deserving charity appeals to 
the benevolence of every citizen of Toronto. An illustration of the Home will be found on page 195 of this volume. 

lUiinl'Ml' OK l)K. (i. \Y. I'l R.MIINAN, WKsI TnRONTO K'.NCIIOS. 



A Now Kra of Colonial History in Aniorica . . !> 

A Kaniblo roxiiul Toronto Ill 

A Hotrosiicct of the last Thirty Years 46 

Academy of Music 53 

Atlministralivo and Public OIHcers of thi' 

Province and Capital M 

Advancti in Population and Realty IM 

AdvnntaKCOUN IjOcation of Toronto 15 

Adventure in Ontario Peninsula, curly French 8 
Aims of tl)e early Iteforniers In the slruKKlo 

with AbsoiullHUi 20 

Algonquins ur llurons, Home of 5 

Annexed Western Suburbs W 

Architecture and Climate Ill 

Architectural Keauty of City 48 

Are our WanlH loo Artillciul 180 

Arironaut ItowinK Club, View from M 

Arlington Hotel ,53,113 

Art and Music 131 

— Academies 131 

— Training In the SchoolK 1,12 

— Yet in its Infancy in Canada 131 

Artists, Ontario Society of 131 

Attitude of Uuling Powers towards Uespon- 

slble Government 31 

Attractions of Torontoas a Place of Uesidence 43 

Banks of the City :— 

Commerce .t3, 10), 1!14 

Imperial SO, 193, 11)6 

Montreal 27, 4», ISO 

Toronto 47,195 

Upper Canada 27, SI, 116, 120, 122, 124 

York County 193 

Various others .jO, 193 

Battle of Vucenston Heights 23 

— Lundy's Lane 24 

— Kidgcway 38 

Bay Street, Kant side 104. 161, 163, 165 

Bay View, Parkdalo 172 

Beauty of Toronto's recent Architecture 44 

Beginnings of Political Dissension 26 

— of Toronto. 5 

*• Hensiiort," corner Church and Shuter 108-9 

Beverley House 27, 53 

Biological Inst itute 51 

Board of Trade 49, 161) 

Brawn and Muscle of the New Settlenu'UiH. . 12 

Britain Loses the American Colonies 10 

Breboeuf 's Martyrdom 8 

Brock lllcneral) Appears on the Scene 19, 22 

- Uealhof 23 

Burnside Lying-in Hospital 113 

"Buitonwood," Weston 13.1, 1,59 

" Gamble," West Toronto 81 

Canada beeotnes Seif-Snlflclng 180 

Canada l,and Co 27 

Canada Life Assurance Co 197 

Canailian Institute . 77 

Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal 109 

Canal Kxtension 37 

CaatleKrank 18 

Cemeteries of the City 61, 52 

Champlain's Itaid upon the Iroquois 6 

Chief .lustices and Chancellors 90 

Cholera Year in Toronto 30 

"Chorley Park" 12 

ChriJilianOuartHaH 76 

("hurch Street Wharf 16B, 170 

Churches of the City ;— 

AIISalntatKplB.) 81 

Bay St. (Prcsb.) 88 

Berkeley St, (Meth.l 78 

Beverley Rt. (Baptist) 46,86 


BloorSt. (I'resb.) 23,85 

(Baplisll 12 

BondSI. (Cong.l 41 

Broadway Tabernacle (Meth 1 82, 119 

Carlton HI. (Meth.) 77 

Central i Presb.) 60, 84 

— (Meth.l 82 

Chalmers' (Presb.) 29, 85 

College St. (Baptist) Ml. 82 

( 'ooke's I Presb.) iO, 8:1 

I lovorcourt (Baptist) 88 

Kasl Presbyterian 87 

Kim SC. (Meth.) PS, 88 

llrace Church (Kpls.) 95 

Qould.-^t. (Cath. Apost.l 17 

llazloton Ave. (Cong.) 118 

Holy Trinity (Epis.) 48, 53, 76, 80 

Inimanuci (Baptist) 10 

Jarvls St. (Baptist) 77 

— (I'nitarian) 83 

Knox (Presb.) 47, .52, 69, 74, 711 

Metropoiilan (Meth.) 10. SO, 62, 70 

New llichinond, MoCnul .St. (Meth.) 78 

Northern (Cong.) 27,70,78 

Oak St. (Prcsb.) 69 

Parkdale (Meth. 1 84 

Parliainint St. (Baptist 1 13 

Ucdeenicr, Church of ( Kpls. ) 17 

St. Alban'aCathedntKKpis.l .52 

- (Meth.) 76 

St, Andrew's, New (Presb.) 70, 74 

- Old (Presb.) 12, B9, TO, 87 

St. Qoorge'9 (Kpls.) 47, 53 

St. Helen's (ll.C.) 69, 78 

St. James' Cathedral (Gpis.) 17. 30, S6, 69, 79 

- S(|uare (Presb.) 37, 73 

St. John's (Kpls.) 47 

St. Luke's iKpis.) 83 

St. Marks (Kpls.) 81 

SI. Michael's (Cathedral (B.C. ) 47, SO, 69, 70 

SI. Paul's (Kpls.) 17,47 

- IR.C.) 60 

- (Meth.) .15,84 

SI. Pc(ers (Kpis.) 17 

St. Stephen's (Kpia.) 47, 88 

Sherbourne .St. (Meth.l 9,77 

Trinity, The Loss (Kpls.) 48 

— (.Meth.l 75 

— College Chapel (Kpis.) 54 

Walmor Road (Baptist) 70, 84 

Western (Cung.) 120 

/.ion, Old (Cong.) 70 

— N'WlCong.) 85 

" Cibola •• Steamship 142 

CKy, The, and how to see it 49 

'I'1h> Fut ure, in SImcoe's Day 16 

— Hall,New 42,62 

City's Adornment, The 48 

— Homes, The 140 

— Hospitals 114 

" Charities 114 

— Schools and their Cost 116 

— ImporU and Rxportn 160 

Citixen does not know his City, Tlie 110 

CltlKenship no longer a Bond 140 

Clergy Reserves (Question, The 26, 31, 35 

Clubs of the City 110. 142 

Colborne, Sir John, Regime of 27, 31 

Coilegeof Music, The 131 

— Pharmacy 37 

Physicians and Surgeons 104 

— Kimx (Presb.) 32.110 

— MoMaater (Baptlstl Hall 54, 110 

— SI. Hilda's 119 

t 'ollege, St. .Michael's (R. C.) 52, 73, 120 

— Trinity (Kpis.) 51, 7'2, 115,118 

- I'pper Canada 27,61, 116, 120. 1'22, 124 

~ Wycliire (Kpls.) 31, 119 

College St., Hcsldenee on 119 

Collegiate Institute, Jarvls St 61,123 

- Parkdalo 121 

Colonial Advocate, The 2J 

Commercial Toronto 160 

Confederation and Civic Kxpansion ,10 

— Life Association 107 

— Scheme, The 39 

Congress declares War (1KI2I ti 

Conslltutional Act 11791) 14 

Contentment of the Local Toiler 181 

Cornwall, Fiirly FJIucalional Work at 25 

Creation of I'pper Canada 11 

' Dale, 'I'hc," Roscdale 92, 9,1, 131 

Denominations and their Pastors, The 68 

Dentists and Dentistry 112 

Dotuinion Day 39 

DonRixcr 16,20 

"Don Villa" 132 

Dorchester, Lord (Sir (Juy CarletonI 13, 13 

Durham, I.,ord, Iteportof 3.5,35 

Kurly Church Kdiflces 47, 60 

Karly Legislators and their Knaetnients 89 

Karly Physicians 102 

Kcelesiasticai Annals 68 

Kducalion aiul i(s Professors US 

— Beginnings of 37, 116 

— Syslcni of Ontario 115 

Kngllsh Law Ini roduced Into U . C 14, 89 

Kxhibilion Buildings 49, .51 

Family Compact, Tlio 26 

Fenian Raids 38 

— Battle of Rldgoway 38 

— Monument to Volunteers 3, 21, 61 

Financial Toronto 193 

Fire Brigade 48, SO, '202 

Fish Market (1811) « 

Founding of the New World S 

French Canadian Problem, Origin of 13 

Fort Roullle Pillar 5 

Founded (1740) 8 

— Destroyed 117571 » 

Oarrlstm Creek 18 

l5honl. Treaty of 16 « 

(libraltar Point 18 

(lore, Lieut. -Uovernor. Regime of 19,22,2.5,27 

Address to Legislature (18091 22 

Government House 20, 27, 53, 193 

Grange, The 27, 6.1, .56. 62 

Hahnemann Villa HI 

HnnglngofLount and Matthews (18371 34 

Harbour, The 5, 13, 16, 63 

Healing Art, The, etc 102 

Holland River 17 

IlortleuUural Gardens 6, 40, 51 

Home DIstrlol Qranimar School 20, 28 

— Savings #: loan Co ll» 

for Incurables ,54, 114 

— Protestant Orphans' 54, 195, 207 

— Boys' 114 

— Oirls' 114 

— Newsboys' 114 

Hospital for Sick Children 114 

— General 43,113 

— Homeopathlo 28 

Humber River 6,16,21,43,64 

— View on 8 

Hurons, Gxtermtnation of 8 





IiiiliistrliU Toronlo mi 

Ii-(h|iioIr, Itiiitlaor, upon lliiroiifl 6 

IsabcUiv Slrei'l, View un ■ - ■ - 10 

JnrvlH Streol. Vii'WB on 20, 21, M. 30. Ill 

KlnnSlruot (18311 22 

Ijimllnul'laci., Toronto (IMl) 7 

La Sftlle'H KxpcdiHon H 

IjUW CoiirtH, uiul t lio Legal ProfosBion, Tl)e. . . 8!l 

Luiuly'a l,nno, Haltleof 2:1 

Miickonzln'K Scilltlous Address (18371 32 

Mull Diillrtlng. Tho .Vl, rW 

Malllnnd, Sir IVrogrlnr 2.) 

Mann, Uothcr, Map of 21 

Mayor, Kii-Mt, and Ci(y Corporation ?0 

Medieval Toronto 6 

Men of Uore, The M 

MonlKoinery's Tavern. AlFray at 33 

Mooclle, Col., Death of 34 

Monetiirif Timt-n 67 

Montreal, IlnriiinKof Parliament ItnildiiiKH.. 37 

Moss Park 27 

Mount Plear>ant Cemetery 52 

Navy Hall, Niagara 17,111 

New World, KonndinKof 'i 

Siaitara IS. l(i, 2ii 

Normal Sehool JO, 121, 12.i 

Opera ilousea of the City 53 

Osjtn.xle Hall 3. 27, 52, «) 

Parliament BulldlnKn 1», 27, 18 

Pioneer)^' '. 'ottago, Kxliibillon (irounds 8 

Pitt's Hill, (ConHtlitttional Act, 1701) 16 

Poliee Force 18, 50, 202 

Prineo of ^^'ales' Vialt 38 

Public Men of tho Provineinl Capital 55 

(jnccnston lieiKhts, Ilattle of 23 

Queen's Hotel «l, (10. 152 

Queen's itangcrs 10, 17 

Kadicals, Knrly, of York 28, ,'11 

Railwny Kra, The 37 

Real Kstate. and those v^'ho trattio In it ISO 

Rebellion, Tho. of 18,17 31 

- Losses Hill 37 

— Ciains of 33 


Ueclprooity Treaty 37 

Reform resorts to Rehelllon 31 

Itegimesof (lore, Mitltland and Colborno — 25 

Rt^sponsible (iovornmunt, RfTuf In at 31, 35 

Revolutionary War 1(1,14 

Rosain House 53, ,10, 1.V2, \!a 

Russell .\bbey ■ 2 

Slincoe, Governor 15, ItJ 

— Hospitalities of IB 

— Erects Castle Frank 18 

— Constructs Yonge Street 17 

— I.,eaves for Han I lomlngo Ill 

— Lake 15 

Sleepy Hollow 2 

Strachan, Hlshop, Cuming of 2,5 

St. George Street, Fast Side 31 

Telfpram, Ecciiinv 53 

Toronto In 1803, 1813; in 1811 : in 6, 7, 13, 45 

— in Slmcoe's Day 1(> 

in Medieval Times 5 

Holtllailway 51 

— Court House.. 27 

— Dilndas St. opened 17 

— KarlyMapof 21 

— Farly Seitlementof 10 

Karly Defences of 18 

Kmbryo 16 

— Denotes " Place of Meeting " 15, 28 

— Fort 21. .'.I 

Founded (17113) 5 

— General Trusts Co 40 

Harbour 5, 13, 10, .t3 

— Hospital 27,43, 113 

— Incorporated 28 

— Island 51,170 

— Junctlonof Frontand WcllingtonSt. 11 

— Occidental 51 

— ofToday,Tlio 42 

— Pass of 7 

Palace, Tho 27 

— Public Library ,'iO 

— Queen City of West 18 

— Raided and Sacked 23 

— Roscdale, Views in 11, 14 

— St, Lawrence Market 25 

— Street 10 


Toronto Street Nomenclature 18 

~ Topographical and Descriptive 40 

— Toronto Street 19 

— Volunteers' Monument 3, '24, 51 

— Yonge St . opened 17 

Torydom and tho High Piorogallvo Kra '.iO 

Upper Canada Kstabltshod 13, 15 

First OtHcials of 1(1 

— Ix)gls1ature 17,10,20 

— Karly Postal Facilities of 21 

— Invaded 1181'.')... tl 

— Slaveryln 22 

— College 27,51,116,120,122,121 

U. K. I.oyali8ta enter Canada 11, 12 

— SacriUces for t lie Flag 11,12 

— andthoFoundingof the Province 
University of Toronto 3, 51, ,57, (». 68, 117 

— Trinity ,' I, 72, 1 15, 1 18 

— Victoria 44 

Union, Tho, tho Railway Kra, etc 35 

Victoria Club, Tho 140 

Volunteers' Monument 3, '24, 51 

Wnlkor House 6.3. 153 

Warof Independence 10, 14 

— 1812 16, 22 

— Inequalities of tho Struggle 22 

— Closed 24 

Week, The 90 

West Toronto Junction 203 

Wlnian Baths 51 

Women's Medical College 18 

Yacht Club, Royal Canadian M 

York, at the Close of tho War 25 

— described in 1707 20 

— During the Warof 1812 22 

— hjirly Growth of 18 

— Kvcnts which preceded the founding of 13 

— First Churches at 21, 27, 68 

— Material Advancement of 26 

— Muddy Little 27 

— Pioneers' Cottage 8 

— Royal Town of 20 

— Situation of 20 

— Social Progress of 22 



Aboil, ,Iohn I8« 

Acme Silver Co 180, 190 

Adams, Dr J. O 112,113 

- Ur. W. C 113 

Alkons, Dr. W. T 103, 101, 105 

Alexander, Rev. John 86 

- J., Jr 102 

Allan, A. A 12S, 102, 1«1, 101 

- & Co 102, 163 

- Jas. D 163 

- Senator Geo. W 41.114, 118.134 

Ardagh. RIehard 802 

Arlldge, J. Churohlll Ul, 136 

Armour, K. D 101,173 

Arinslrong, Adam 51, ISO 

Arnoldi, Frank 09 


Arthur, Sir Geo 35 

Ashdown, Kdwin 130 

■Sydney 130 

AsbOeld, The lato Jas 202 

Atkinson, William P 101 

Aylesworth, A. B 95 

Ayre, John 153, 180 

Oadgerow, G. W 95 

Bagot, Sir Chos 37 

Bailey. John R 147 

Bain, Jas., Jr 50 

— John 94 

Balrd, Hugh N 167,200 

Baker, Prof. Alfred 118 

Baldwin, Dr. W. W 21 


Baldwin, Hon. Robert 22, ,34, 81 

— Rev. A. H 81 

Ball, Dr. Jerrold 109, 110 

Bank of Toronto 47, 195 

Banks, O. W 15,5,156 

Barber* Ellis Co 165,166 

— James lOS 

— JohnR 166 

Barclay. The late Rev. Dr 60 

Barrett. Dr. (the late) 110 

Barrick, Dr. Kll 107 

Barton, Dr. S. O. T 109, 113 

Bates, Rov. 8. S 82 

Beaty, Dr. Jos 41, 110 

— Robert iOO 

Beatty.W. H igs 




IMI, 157 
. . 1311 

. . va 

... at 

Hei', Will 

llon^oiiKh, .1. W 


Hnnnoti, Hcnator 

Uuv. Mnnly 

llvlhuno. Up <» 

Tlip Ifttii Jami'8 91 

Hlnelow. N. G . . 97 

lllnki', fhiincullor (10 

- Hon. Wwnrd IB, 93, lift 

illai'kmnn, F. Y 1118 

BlackBlock. (i. T in 

nieiudcll, \V. II IM 

nine, Archibiilil t» 

llody, Uev. I'rovojt 7J, 118 

Hoatwiok, Uoo. K 101,198 

BoBwoll.A.K 41 

Bowsoi', Itev. A. T 83 

Houchelto, Siirvcyor-UonorBl I i 

Boiiltoii, W. II « 

- D'Arcy 82 

Boiistead, Jan. II 202 

Bowes, John *i 41 

Boyil, Chancellor »J, 134 

Boys, The Into Rev, Hrof 80 

BoxnII, Janioa 177 

Bradley, M ra. 8. 11 1.17 

Brock, .Sir Isaac 1», 22, 23 

- W.Il 201) 

BroiiKhall, Rov. A. J 88 

Brown, Hon. Ooo .18, .il 

- K.B 173 

- M,F 168 

- r. V i.w 

Brown & Love 13« 

Bruce, Josiah 174 

Bryce, J, Fraaor 17S 

- Dr. P. H 108 

Bunting, C. W- 33,200 

Burke, fMniund 148 

Burns, Capt 143 

- Ilr. J. H lOS 

- Rcv.Dr.K 69 

Burrltt, I)r. H. f in«, 109 

Burton, Judge 92,200 

- Rev. John 70, 77. 78 

BuUer, K. W, U 1«, 157 

Cameron, The late Chierjustice HIr .M. C. 90 

- Rev. J. M 87 

Campbell, Chief Justice 

- Ueul.-Oovernor 45 

- Donald 158,150, 175 

- John 129 

Campbell's Block 203 

Canada Life Assurance Co .W, 198 

- Pholo-Kngravitig Bureau IK 

Canadian Bank of Commerce 53. 193, 191, 195 

- I'ollcgc of Commerce 130 

Cannlff, I)r. W 102, 103 

Carlylo, Dr. Ja» 126.127 

Carpmael, I'rof IM 

Carruthers. James 14* 

CanweU, Bobt 172. 173 

- R. &Co 173 

Carter, John 132, 137 

Cartwrlght, Richard 17,25 

Cavon, Principal 72,119 

Cawthra, John 05 

Cs-'-iy, Frank l.M 

- Rov.J.U 1.55 

Chauncey, Commodore 23 

Chisholm, Col 34 

ChrlsUo, Wm 38, 166, 187 

- Brown <cCo 176,186 

Clark, J.F 168 

- l,evi J 128 

- Rov.Prof 72,73 

-- W.Mortimer 119 

Clarke, Herbert L 138 

- Mayor 41, 58, 59 

Clarkson. James 162,172 

Clement, W. H. P 9» 


Cloniieniin. Dr. «. W 21'7 

I), w 201, art 

Colhome, HIr John 27, 31 

Collins, Hiirvoyor Ucneral 15 

- II. (lucst 13.1 

Ciimiiiori'e, Hank of 63, 1113, im. 1!« 

Confodrmtion Life .Vssociation ,i,1, 200 

CoUKer Coal Co 168, Hilt. 170 

- I'. I) 1(18 

Conservatory of Music 132 

Copland Browing Co IVS 

Copp, John (• 188, 180, ll«l 

Cosby. A. Morgan 12(1, 134, 112,143 

Cosgruvc Brewing Co 101, 107 

- Ijiwrence Utl 

Coulson, Duiirnn llk'> 

Cowan, Mrs. ILL 207 

Cox, Geo. A 142, 145, 200 

- K. W 143,ll.'> 

Crane & Haird 167 

Crawfonl. The late LI. Gov .>« 

Cringan, A. T 137, 138 

('rooks, Hon. Adam *ll 

Davidxon, John 1 143, 19,> 

Davis, Prof. J. F i;i» 

Dearborn, General 23 

DeCharbonnel, Bishop 120 

Defrlos, Samuol H 147, l.i2 

Deninon. Ll.-Col. U. T 202 

- G.T.,.Hr M 

Dennis. Col. J. 13 140 

Depew.G. A 1.18 

Dewart, Ilev. Dr. E. H 70 

Dowcy. I). R 108 

Dickson, Principal 120, 12J 

- W 22 

- Cnsimir 143 

Dinnick, C. 11. 8 151, 160 

DIninny, F, C 168 

Doan, R. W 128 

liodd. A. W 121 

Dominion Saw and I,ead Works 183 

Douglas, W.J 117 

Draper. Chief Justice 37, 03 

Drayton, P.H 101 

Drury, Hon. ('.A 66 

Duggan.K.H 142 

DuMouUn. Rev. Canon 70 

Duncan, J 1™' 

DuncanCiurk, S. C 200, 201 

Durham. Ixird ••• ;r>, ,19,54 

Dwight.H. P 1115 

Dyas.T.W 118 

Dymond. Mrs. A. M. (MIsa E. 8. Meiiish/ . . .136, 137 

Kdgar, J.D 201 

KIgin, Ixinl ' 35, 38 

Kiicrby, Rev. T. 8 70 

Kliiott.Wm 201 

- House 1.53.180 

EIiN,Jas.A 205 

- JohnF 166 

Elmsley, Chief-Justice 80 

Kinbree. L. E 124, 12i 

Emory. Dr. \\-. J, H Ill 

Equity Chambers 173 

Faloonhridge, Judge 91 

Faulkner. George 147. 158 

Forguson.J.H 101 

Fisher. Edward i:«4 

Fitch. JohnC »3 

- JcDavidson 143 

Fitsglbbon. Col 31 

Foy.J. J 96.97.196 

- John 116 

Fraser, Hon. C. F 03 

Fulton, A. T 194.200 

Fyfe, The late Rev. Dr 70. 120 

Gr.lkio, Dr. W. B 103,104.105 

Gonereux, L. O. P 167, 1.58 

George. James IM 

German, Rev. J. F 81 


Gililw, Mnl.oliii 200.201 

Gllison, lluii, J. .M m,C5 

lliilpli 168 

Gllticrl.TlHw 204,2(15 

(iiiiiKiiir, Dr. Jiio. T 204 

Giilng, Chiw. (; 206 

Goliilcii; Mcculloch 191 

Oooderhuni, Geo I.'M, 106 

E. H 188 

- W.(i ll» 

(ioci'ispocii, 1I,!V. Dr 8,5,88 

Gordon, Muikay ftCo 102, 16,1 

- John (thclnte) 102 

(lore, Lieut. -(iovcmor... 10,21,26 

(iourlny, lliibt • 28 

Gowiiii, Henator Iff 

(irahum, J. J 157, 1.59 

Oriwctl, the Into Dean 50 

- Licul. -Colonel II. J •JOi 

Griisslck. Mrs 137 

(iray, Soilcitor-Generai 16 

Greene, Columbus II 99 

Grecnw(KMl, Percy V 138 

Gregg, Rev. I »r 70 

Oiird.Oeo 176,206 

U;io«'8ki,8ir('. .4 ,59,200 

llagarty. Chief Justice t8, 00 

lliibneinann Villa HI 

Hall, Dr. John 110,112 

Dr.JuhnB H' 

Hallaiii. .lolin 42 ll«. 167 

Hardy, lion. A. 8 03,61 

Harnmn, .s. 11 41 

HarriK, Alfred 1 17, l.iO 

- Rev. Jus 69 

- Rev. Klnuire .. 81 

- MissS.M.M 136 

Harrison, Chief Justice 64, «l, 91, 117 

.- .I.W.F 131,13.' 

- Mrs. (SoranuHl 135 

llarvic, John 173,174 

Hay. Robert, «c I'o 100 

- Edward 198 

Head.SirF.B 27,31,35 

Sir Kdniund .18 

IloigblnKlon, Joseph 100 

Heintr.nian, T. A 188, 189 

jtCo 180 

Henderson, Elnica 134 

J 195 

llenilry. Andrew 1C9 

- W.J 1» 

lllckson, K 166 

Muncan & Co 166 

HigginM. Miss Lliiie 137 IW 

HImc.ll.L IW 

- &Co 198 

llincks. .Sir Francis 200 

Hir8(,.Tolm 163 

_ J.W 143 

Hwlglns, TiiOH 21. 64 

Homeopathic Himpilal 112 

Hoiiio Savings and l.oan Co 196 

lloop(.r. Kdwanl 201 

Hoover, Jacob 11 204 

& Jackson *04 

Hoskin, Dr. John 92,93.191,130 

- Alfred W 

Howard, the late J 64 

Howltt,Dr. W. II 111,112 

Howland. Sir W. P 148.200 

H.S 19.5.196 

_ O. A 98,99 

W.H 41.1)8,114 

Iloyles, N. W 91 

Hilghes.J. L 127 

Hunt, V. P 137 

Hunter, lion. Peter 19 

- Rev. Dr. W.J 77 

Imperial Bank of Canada 195. 196 

INDEX OF NAM i:.S.— Continued. 


Ircliilul, A. II 1»> 

Jiu;kMuii, .1. T 5i04 

Jiiicim^H fC Hiiy ino 

•liiirniy, Itciliorl. IM 

Janii^Hon, Mm. . ■ < ■ ■ 30 

Jiiiica, H. II 131, 111 

Jnrvin.Col 31 

Win li 

JollVuy, llcv. T. W 78 

Ji'iiiiliiK". the lull) l!ev. I)r »<8 

II imi 

W. T lid, 14IP 

JohiiHtun. Ilov. I>r. II 75 

K. F. II 88 

Jonra, Kor. I'nir 70,80,110 

AtlKil8tU3 li» 

Kvllogg, Kcv. l)r 7.1 

Kenny, .1. J 20" 

Kunl, Diiko of 21 

Korr.,1. K IH, IK), i;U 

Krichinn, .IcHBO IMI 

Kicly. W. T 190 

King, Dr 107,108 

Kingsfonl, UK 101 

KinKKniill, NIcol 101 

KirklumI, I'clm'ipiil 121. l-'.) 

Ijiktvii'w Ilolul l.Vl, 180 

l,iincoloy. Itcv. J. V. 78, 7» 

Limgloy, Hun.) 118. IM 

Henry 118 

Ijington. H. II 118 

Lnngtry, Itiiv. I»i' 8.1 

Lush,/. A 101 

Laughlon, Polor 20.1.200 

IjChoIi, Hugh 105 

LecW.S 201 

_ F. O 1*8,150 

Lennox, Ifwuc I5,», l."iO 

K..1 Its 

Lesllo, Oco.,Sr 171 

— Geo., & Son 172 

— Aid. J. K l.iO, 171 172 

Loya, Joliii l!*.i 

Ullle, llm liilo liuv. Dr 70 

Mndmiy, Clmrles 07, 133 l.i!l 

Lloyd, Uev, I'luf 80 

Lonilon, I'luf. .Ins 122 131 

Lount. \Vm 02 

Lovo, 11.0 liO 

LncnH, Henry Ml. 107. 17'.t 

— Cmronee i:*.',, KW 

— Mmo 13 J, i:«i 

Lynch, Archbishop 00 

McAllister, Samuel 127, 128 

Mcllean, John 150 

Mct'ann, Father — 78 

McCarthy, DAIton 01,02 

Muc( arthy. Hamilton 132, 133 

McCnul, Uov. Dr. John <«, 118 

McClaln, Uobert 182 

Mcf'onncll, Dr 205,207 

MoDonugh, Dr. «. It 103 

Mcdaw. 'rhomns 142, l.">2 

McGco, Th08. DArcy 40 

McQregor.tho late Prof 7H 

Molntyre. .1. J I.i7, 158 

MoKenulo, Waller 02 

Mclxun, Chief Jnsttoe 34,00 

- Thomas 183,104 

MoLollan, Dr. J. A K'5, 120 

McMastor, the late Senator 70, 120 

MeMnrray, Mrs. J. S 807 

MoMurrich, the Intc Hon. John 200 

- W. B 41,111,134 

- (loorgo 200 

McTavIsh. Ilev. Daniel 81,85 

Mncanlny, Chief Jilallco 00, 103 

- Dr 102,103 

Macdonald, .sir J. A 38, 30, 40, 5<i, 94 

~ the late Senator John 51, 67 

Mncdnnuld, John & Co 101, 102 

- A,F 128 

- K, A \f&,\H\ 

- J, K 201, 202 

- W.C 201 

- Mntilmnt 112 

Macdonnull, Itov. D. J 71 

-r- Colonel 17,23 

Macdougnll. .ludgo 202 

Macfarlane, .1. F. M 102 

McKlnley&Co 102 

Macinlyro, Dr. T. M 12.1,120 

Mackay, Donnlil 102 

Maekunzin, Wni. Lynn 27, 28, ;H 

Hon. Alex hi 

Mailjircn. Itev. I'rof 70 

Maclennan, Mr. Junlico 131 

MaoMath, Hugh I W, I.V) 

MacMureliy. I'rinciiuil .11,123 

MacNah, Sir Allan 31 

.Maciilicrson, Sir D. 1 00, 200 

Mogann.U. I' 140, 1.10, 1.55 

Maglll, Wni 127 

Mail Printing Co 63, .18 

Maltlnnd, Sir P 27 

Mallon, John 177, 178 

JIalonoy, John 1.12, 171 

Manloy, F. F 126 

Manning, Aid 14 

Marling, Hev. F. II 70 

Marsh. A. II 03,01,101 

Marshall, Noel 151 

Martland, John 124 

Mason, Major Ja» 106,107 

Masaey Mantifacl tiring Co 185 

- H. A 18,1,186,187 

- C. I) 185 

- WE 121, 185 

Matthews, W. D 145 

Mollish, Miss K. S. (Mrs. A. M. Dymond). 13li. 1.37 

Meredith, Wm. II 62,101 

Merrill, T. U 10.1, 100 

Metealfe, Lord 37 

Mieklcthwaite, F. W 17.1. 177 

Middleton. General 107 

Millard, Alex 170 

Miller, W. N 00 

Milllgan, Ilev. (1. M 70,87 

Mockridgo, Ilev. Dr 88 

Monck, Lord :I8, 10 

Moore. I. F 102 

Morris, Jas. H. (the late! 94 

Morrison, L. A 141, 110, 182 

_ James 181, 185 

- .Mrs. Daniel 46 

Brass Works 185 

Moodle,Col 34 

Moss, the late Chief Justice 00, 91 

- Charles 01, 92. 101 

Mouat-Hlgga, J. M 206 

Mountain, Bishop 2,1 

Mowat.Hon.0 57 

Mulock, Wm 65, 118 

Murdoch, Kenneth M8 

- & Wilson 158 

Mutch, Uev.John 85,80 

Nairn, Alex 100, 170 

- A.&S - 160,170 

Na8h,W, II 150 

Nelson Brothers 153 

Nevitt, Dr. K. B HO 

Newcombo, Octaviiis 187 

- Piano Co 187,188 

_ Dr. .las 187 

Newman, Ilev. Prof 87 

Nordheimcr, S 201 

Norwich, Joseph 178,203 

Notinan & Fraaer 174, 175 

O'Brien, Henry 89, 91, 97 

O'Dea, Connor 129 

(Igden, Dr. W. W 100, 107, 114 

OOriuly, (1. de(^ Illil 

OKeefo, Kngeno 101, IIHI 

Ontario Holt Co . . IM 

CoaICo 168, IIW 

— U'ad anil llarb Wire Co 183, 181 

OsgiHMle, Chief Justice 16,17,80 

Osler.ll. B 01 

Mr. Justice Ol 

OSnlUvttn, Dr. I). A 131 

Otlor, Lt.-Col. W, 1) 54 

Papiiienn, L. .1 33 

Parker. Uov. Dr 82 

~ A. J 180, 100 

Parsons, Hev. Dr. 74 

PaHHinore, F. F. no 

Patterson, Hev. Win — 70,83 

Patton, the lute Hon. iw ... 91, 07 

Pearcy, Sanderson , 146,147 

Pearson, lle\-. John 80, 81 

Peaso Furnace Co igi, |g6 

Pollatt, Henry 131 

Phillips, Rov. A, M HI 

Pike, Ilrigadler 24 

Pliimmer, J. If 185 

Poison Iron Works ig| 

— W'm 182 

- F.B 182 

Potts, Hev. Dr 74 

Powell, Chief Justice gg 

Aldormnn 33 

Power, Bishop gg 

Proctor, General 23 

Punshon, Hev. Dr .10, 70 

Pyne, Mr 102 

(Jiiecn {'Ity Oil Works 100, 101 

Queen's Hotel 00,152 

Kamsay, A. O ]gg 

— W.T ''''. 200 

Hand, Prof. T. H 121, 122 

I(cad,DavidB \\ 

Reeve, Principal W. A 101 

Held, Rev. i)r. W 73 

Richards, Chief-Justice 00 

Richardson (Richards, .Sims) 139 

Riordon, Charles 41 

— Mrs. John 48 

Roaf. Uev. John. 70 

Robb, I'. C 162 

Rogers, Kllas 120, 107. 168 

Kliasfc Co 168.160 

— Samuel 101 

— Samuel & Co 100 

Rotjortaon, J. E 112 

— John Rosa 112,114 

— James & Co 183, 184 

Robinson, Chief-Juaticn Sir J. B 25, 29, 53, 00 

— Christopher 91,101 

— Hon. J. B 2, 41, 121 

— Mrs. John B 46 

— ThelateW.S 177 

Rolph, Hon. Dr 20, 33, 35, 103 

Ross, Dr. James 105 

— Dr. J. F. W 106 

— Hon. G. W 64 

— Hon. Col. A. M 05 

Rossin House ,10, 1,12, 153 

Russell, Hon. Peter IS, 17, 20 

— Abbey 4, 141 

Hyerson, Rov. Dr. K. (the late) 133 

— Dr. G. S 39, 107, 134 

Handwell, Rev. G. H 85 

Scodding, Rev, Dr. H 1,18,26,76,124 

— E. A H4 

Schoff, KIgin 100, 101 

Scott, H. J 98, 1,« 

Scath,Jahn 130 

Shaw, Gen. j4<:n«as 21, 81 

Sbeard, Dr, Charles 108 




Slwpunl, Will. A 17:1, 171 

Hhuppunl PublliihliiK ('». 1 17 

Shornlnn, Ilc'v. Prlnilptil UK 

ShiTliliin. .IdIih T IM 

.loBcpli II IM 

Shiittlpworlh. I'rcif lim 

Hhncoo. l.t.(lo\ iTiior M, ID. I', IK, IB 

Mhnpiion, RolHTt 114, 110, IM 

— Ilcrberl K W.l 

Siiinll, Jolin 17 

Hniltli, A. Jl 1(14, I6.\a)0 

— Alfri'il W Wl 

— D.W III.W 

— Hon. Smmtor Frank tSI. 117. IWl 

Prof. Oolilwln S3, 55, m. 1X1 

— Rev. Ira mi 

— 3m. K 41 

— Dr.M.F 112 

— and Kuighloy 1114 

Solio Mnchlno Works 1H2 

SimuM-villi,, A. J... ISl 

iSpon-" .I,'' .1 I) i!U« 

Spra^i^e, 'nnrdlor 00 

llr. K. W 1113, 1 4'.' 

Stafford, Itcv. llr 77 

Stnnloy, Ixird 112 

Stanlon, Kldrlduo 174, 17.> 

.Starr, Itov. ,1. K 82 

Stownrt,SturKPnn 147, l.'il 

St. John, ,1. W 10« 

HIOHO. Mm. llr. Kmlly H IIU 

Htrni'liiin, lliahop 34. 2.i, 28, .W, IM. 69 

StmnKD, I)r. F. W lai. Ill 

Stuart, llcpuly Chief 202 

— Itev. J.Oklll 21, «H 

SulliTiin, linn. K. B 41,02 

Suthorliind, llev. Dr. Alex Wi 

- Uev. Dr. D. G 88 

Swentman, Bishop ■ 52, 71 


.Hwinlnnni, I ir. I. M IIW, ll«l 

Hydiinhiini, l/inl ..;ii;,37 

Syinonda, Kev. Prof HO 

Taylor. , I. «: .1 IM, is:i 

.Inii. McP III! 

Tm'Uinm'h, Chliif. 23 

Ti'pfy, Kciv. Kiilhcr 73 

Thonmt*. Ucv. llr 77 

ThiMiiNon. 1t<iv. (.*, K HI 

- II. K IIS 

Tliorno. Hliliard 117,1111 

- Iloniiio 100 

'i'hrclkolil. .1. J I.W 

TlmrcssdM, Kyro 201, 2112 

Till. Till' hill' .Iniiiux 115 

Tiipp, ilio lair Ituv. Dr Alex 74. 7.V Tii 

Toronto, Munk of 17, ll» 

- Kiiilliititr Manufiu). Co Ifll 

- Kiifu WiirkH 182,183 

- Silver IMiilii Co IW), 1110 

- Stoili Kxilmnuo IIW 

TorrlnKtim. V. \V 132,133 

Tully. Klvns M 

Dnwin, Charles 1411 

Vitnkoughnel, Cliiiiiri'llor .. ^ 57,1111 

— Mr«. Mullliow 207 

Victoria Club 110. 112 

Walker, B. K IM 

- lloilso M, 15;i 

llHVid I.Vl 

Walloce. Ui'V. W. G N.1 

Wal»h. Anlibishop 71 

Ward. .Inhn .1 1711 

WarrlniT. W. A 130 

Warrington, Fred 136 


WniHiin, (leorga II IM, M 

Weild. Win 1(4 

Wilton, Kev. Dr. II. SI Vt 

Wi'Kt. Tlioniiis 1811 

Wesi ,'rii AHaiiranee Co 104, IIU, IMI. 200 

WonlwoiMl, II 170, 171 

White, AllorncytlonorHl I0,8» 

Whilliy, II.O,. 100 201 

Wldnier, Dr. C 102 

Willin. Uev. Prinelpal 72 

WilllaniK. II. H 154 

- A.n 182 

Wllklo, D. II 196,190 

Wiliniolt, lir.'.l. B 112 

Wll-„n..Sir llanlel 60.61,111, 118 

- .sirAilani 41 

- ThomiiH 158 

Wlninn. KnistUH M, 1118 

WInnelt. Henry IM 

Women's Meilliiil College 18, 110 

Wood, (,'hlof.Ju»tlee 01 

- T. U 183 

- llon.S.C 200 

WoodB.J.W 102 

- Jl. .1 178,192 

Woolen, Frank 174 

Workman, Dr. Job 103 

Wort«. J.O 143 

Wright.. lohn IN 

Wyld. Frederlek 161 

- (Irasett & Darling 47, 101, 102 

Yarker. 11. W 118 

Yeo, Sir .lanioH 24 

Yonge. Sir Frederick 17 

York, Duke of 17 

Yorke, the late Lionel 151, 1.12 

Young. John 179