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SdctyThird ( Haueax) Baitai ion of Rifles 1885 . 



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riiXry .HlrC;>l'y..>oi B/>'r; 

V'T'CAf-iaN <" t Pjf 

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Halifax Volunteer Battalion 


VOLU NTI'KR C( )MP.\N1 1^:S, 



m 1S53 -- 1337- p 




63rd Batt. of Rifles, 
Active MilitiEi of Canada. 

A. & W. Mackinlay, Publishers. 


• • • • • ', ' < 

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■ • • • J I t 

■ • . • • I t I n 

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Formation of the Battalion.— Visit of the Prince of Wales.— 
General Williams appointed Colonel. —Battalion Band.— 
Rifle Matches 1 


"Trent" afUiir.— Battalion fit for Active .Service.— Dartmouth 
Engineers.— Lectures in aid of Band.— Reorganization of 
the Militia.— Presentation of Colors and Bugle.— Miliiia 



Reorganization of the Battalion.— Uniform.— .Staff appointed. 
Changes in the Companies. -Short Entield Rifles issued. . 21 


Fenian Scare.— Battalion called out.— Garrison Duty.— Pickets. 
Court Martial Approval of the Authorities.— Return of 
Hospitalities 25 


Transfer of Militia to the Dominion.— Meetings to discuss 
Terms.— Privileges Granted.— Court of Enquiry.— Regula- 
tions for Drill.— Change of Name 30 




Colonel Cliearnley retiies. — Dartmouth C«»inpuny succceilcd 
by tho Second Scottisli. — Dress Kcgul.itions. — Hattalion 
Regulations. — I>eath of Colonul Cliearnley. — Inspection. — 
IJand troubles 34 


Colonel Maokinlay retires. — Death of Colonel Sinclair. — 
Cliangoa in the Stall'.- Ciiebucto (Jreys clothing and arms 
called in. — Death of Major liarron 'M 

CHAPTKll \lll. 

Visit of the (Jovernor-Cential. --Death of .Major Cuniniins. — 
Kesignation of Colonel I'allister. -Classilicatiou of Non- 
connni.s.sioned Ofliccrs. School of Instruction. —Ilelinet.'i. 
— Cross-belt ( )rnanients 4'2 


Review at Sussex, \. 1>. — Death of Adjutai'.t Mnmford. — 
Lingan Riot. -Detachment ordered for Duty. — Presenta- 
tion to P«:iiulmaster IJlacknian 



Xoitli-West Rebellion. — Provi-sional Rattalion. GlJrd Contin- 
gent.— Companies ijuota.— Departure. — Hardships on the 
Journey. -Arrive at Swift Current. — The liattalion 
divided. — Saskatchewan Landing. — Moose Jaw. --Fatigue 
Work. -Return to Halifax 



Reception of the Provisional Rattalion. -Standing Onlers 
revised.— liand and Orderly Room. — Theatrical i'crforni- 
ance. — Change of Name. — Queen's Juliilee. — Service 
Medals Presented oo 




t itmposition of tlie Battalitm. — (onipiiiiy Oiganization. — 
Ailvautages of the System.— llccruit Drill. — .School of 
Instruction. — Ahsence of ex-military men. — KfTect of 
itegular Troops in (iarrison.- Former Members of the 

Battalion 59 

Jitaff officers of the liattalion from 1860 fi2 

Captains of the Companies from 1850 63 

OfHcers and men on active service, 1885 64 

Badge and Motto of the Battalion 66 

Historv of the Scottish Killes G7 

Original Molls of meml>ers of Scottish Company 86 

History of the Second Scottish Company 89 

History of the Chehucto Greys. 98 

Original lloll of members of Greys 113 

History of the Mayflower lliiles 1 15 

Original Roll of members of Mayflower Uiiles 127 

History of the Halifax Rifles 128 

Original Roll of members of Halifax Rifles 146 

History of the Halifax Rifles, (Captain Barron) 148 

History of the Irish Volunteer Rifles 153 

History of the Dartmouth Rifles 157 

History of the Dartmouth Engineers 159 

Appendix . , 163 




r^^^mrP W^^^^W"- - 




THIS work has been written with the object of placing on record, 
lis briefly as practicable, an account of the old ^'oluntecr 
Companies, several of which have ceased to exist, and are well nigh 
forgotten by all except perhaps the oldest nieinl)ers of the force. 

It was the extreme difliculty of obtaining any trustworthy 
information relative to the Volunteers of twenty-tive years ago 
tliat suggested to the author the preparation of this book. The 
records of many of the companies have been looked for in vain, and 
they must be regarded as lost ; and tliose to which tlie writer has 
liad access, are not available for public use. 

The autlior aims at placing on record tlie services of the Battalion 
— services wliicli, considering the peaceful character of the times, 
liave been considerable. Many changes in organization have taken 
place since 1800 and these are carefully noted as being of special 
interest to the present members of the liuttalion. 

The strongest motive actuating the writer tlie motive which 
made the tim(i pass lightly, has iucu the ht<pe that the oM 
members of the N'olunteei- Companies iind of the Battalion, still 
resident in Halifax, may derive sonu; little pleasnrt> from the 
perusal of the work. It will help tluiii to recall interesting 
reminiscences of other days, when the names of " Seottisli," 
"Greys," " Mayflowers," and " Halifax iJitKs,'" were moif familial- 
than they are to-day. 


. ii': 

VI 11 


I ;! 

The writer has been carefi;! to state facts, and facts only, 
derived from perfectly authentic sources. His own personal 
knowledge has served him well, he having joined the force 
in Dec., 18.")9. He has aimed at strict accuracy in all dates of 
important clianges ; but as Iiis sources of information on some 
points were necessarily limited, it is too for him to expect 
that no error will be detected in liis pages. 

As the years pass, tlie facts recorded in these pages will become 
increasingly interesting to our fellow-citizens. The patriotism and 
the pluck of the " Volunteers," will 1)c recalled to stir the pulse 
and kindle the zeal of the young men of tlic Twentieth Century. 

To the gentlcn)en, principally old companions in arms, wholiave 
assisted him in securing infornuitinii lioariiig upon tins work. lie 
tenders his sincere thanks. 



Formation* of tiik Battaltov. — "^'isit of tiir PiUNCe of 
Walks. — Gsnkrvl Williams aitointed Colonel. — Bat- 
talion Band. — Rifle Matches. 

/yillE general expectation of a great European war, 
and the innnense armies raised and maintained 
by tlie continental nations, was the cause of the 
organization of t1ie Volunteer forces in Crreat Britain 
in 1858. Tlie popular feeling was so strong that the 
movement became general and the " nation of shop 
keepers " developed, in an incredibly short space of 
time, into a nation of well armed, well equipped, an<l 
well drilled soldiers. Tliis warlike spirit soon spread 
to the dependencies of Great Britain, and was taken 
up in a practical maimer in Nova Scotia. J\[eetings 
were held in the city of Halifax duriuGf the fall of 
1859 and it was evident that the material for military 
organization was not conMneil to the old country. 
From the outset there was an inclination exhibited 
to organize by nationalities, and in December, 1859, 
English, Scotch, and Irish companies wore formed, 
each keeping its particular national character. This 
had the ellect of causing a healthy rivalry, that 
tended to keep up the interest and promote a pride 
in each company, and an interest by citizens who 





I 'U 

wero nnaltlc to join tlir ivanks^ as active mciulxTs. 
Tlio Scottish ]lif|.\s,Clic1)iicto(;i-o.ys, Mayflower IliHes, 
Halifax lliHos, Ti-isli Voluntocrs ami Dartinoutli Rifles, 
wen; f'oniKMl almost siiuiiltniK'OUsly in Halifax and 
Dartinoutli. Several otli<'r companies were raised in 
the city, but th<' battalion hcin!-- the suliject of this 
sketch, tlu'V do rot ]>ropei'ly come under notice. 
Among others, however, was a company of colored 
citizens, who were not behind their fellows in shewino- 
their loyalty and willini>-ness to orii-anize to defend 
their homes. 'J'his company, called the " Victoria 
Rifles," was not taken into the battalion, an<l like 
several other city corps finally disbanded. The 
Halifax Engineer Co., and Halifax City Guards, also 
iiad brief existence, the battalion absorbini'' all the 
Ijest military spirit that was in the cit}'. 

The volunteers of bSol) and lS(i(), were oi'ganized 
under far dillerent arrangements than exist at tlie 
present day, and although it is customary for the men 
of ISGO to speak of the foi'ce at that date as far aliead 
of the present active militia, that o])inion in the nun<ls 
of many, is open to grave dovrbt, lait to one who has 
served from the tirst and from the raidvs upwards, 
and under all the different systems and ofhcials, 
the fact does not admit of any doubt that the 
present organization, both as to the efficiency of 
the officers and the discipline of tlu^ men, is far 
ahead of an}' of the various systems that have had 
control of the force since its organization. The 
" Regulations and Orders " for the local forces of Nova 




Scotia, 18()1, sliL'W tluit tlie utmost freedom was 
allowLMJ in the selection and ap|)(>intment of com- 
missioned orticers, and. in otlier matters connected 
Avitli tlie formation of \'uliinteer companies. Tlie 
rejtjfular mode ui' pruceedini;' was laid down. The 
connnissioncMl otlicers were elected l>y the company 
and a cei'titicate, siij'ned by tlie secretary and cliair- 
man of the me^etinu", that the candidate had a 
majority of the votes of the company was all that 
was re(iuire<l l»y the Adjutant-General, to entitle tlie 
applicant to a connnissiun, provided, of course, there 
was no charge of disloyalt}^ ai^'ainst him. 

The Volunteer force not ordv had the i)rivilei'-e of 
paying" for their uwn clothini;' and accoutrements, but 
were allowed full liberty to select such styles and 
colors as the fancy of the mendjers or their financial 
resources would allow. The result was a i>"reat want 
of uniformity, foi*, alth()U£;h the color generally 
selected was lii'ay — that beinL>' considered most suit- 
able in England — the shade of colour, ([uality of 
material, and style of facings were very ditl'erent. 
As might have been expected from a movement so 
general, many who had joined in the lirst excitement 
suon found that drill and militaiy training was not 
so simjjle a niattei', and aftrr a few months, when 
the force was well established, some little weeding 
out took ])lace ; most of those leaving, however, 
re-joining as honorary mendiers, thus assisting with 
their means those who remained in the ranks. 




On the evcDi)i<4' of xVpril IGtli, ISGO, a public 
iiicetincc was liold tit Tcinporanco Hall (tlic present 
Lyceum) in favour of the Volunteer moveiiient. 
Among those present on the platform were : Earl 
j\lul[;rave, Governor of the Province ; General Trollope, 
ConnnandiniJ' the forces in B. N. A. ; Chief Justice 
Bliss ; Judge Young ; Hon. Joseph Howe ; Hon. J. W. 
Johnstone, and many other distinguislied citizens. 
General Trollope presided. Those present were verj' 
enthusiastic aLout the movement, and nearly all the 
j^jentlemen mentioned spuke in its favor. Earl 
Mulgrave, in his lemarks, stated tliat there wei'e at 
that time thirty-two cflretive Volunteer com])anie.s 
in the Province, with a total strength of two th(jusand 
three hundred and forty-one (2')4l) niun. In the 
city there were eleven (1 1) com})anie\- with a total 
strength of eight hundred and sixty-eight (8G8) men. 
On the 24th of April the South Lau-ack (now the 
Engineer Barrack) yard, was handed over by the 
Imperial autliorities for a drill ground for the city 
companies, and drill instiuctoi's from the regiments 
in garrison were furnished, the companies having 
the use of the i-round on alternate eveninu's ; sonje 
of the companies also nmstering on the Grand Pai'ade 
for morninii' drill at G.oO a. m. 

On the 14th May, iN(ii), a meeting of representa- 
tives from the \'olunteer Artillery, Scottish llifles, 
Chebucto Greys, iMavllower, Halifax, Irish and Vic- 
toria Ritles and Halifax Engineers, was held in Lieut. 
Halliburton's office. Col. Sinclair, Adiutant-General 




Nova Scotia Militia presided, and Lieut. Halliburton 
acted as Secretary. On n\otion by Capt. Samuel 
Caldwell, Halifax Eni^ineers, seconded b}' Lieut. 
Mackinlay, Scottish lUiles, it was resolved, " That 
the Hfilifax Volunteer companies be formed into a 
battalion." It was then moved by Lieut. Halliburton, 
Scottish Rilles, seconded by Litnit. O'Connor, 
Halifax llilles, " That Sir William Fenwick Williams 
be requested to accept the position of Colonel." By 
the following general order Capt. Cheandey, Chebucto 
Greys, was appointed Captain Connnanding : 


2fcnj 10, ISCO. 

Captain William Chcatnloy, ooinniandiiif;' the 12th Company 

or Chebucto Greys, to he Cajitain Coinmaiulant of the Halifax 

Volunteer Battalion. 

My onlei-. 

K. liLlclI S[N('I,.VIH, - 

A. a. M. 

The Halifax Engineers, although represented at the 
meeting, declined joining with the other C(jmpanies ; 
for obvious reasons the Volunteer Artillery could not 
form part of an infantry battalion, and the Victoria 
Killes (colore']) were not considered eligible for the 
honor; but the Dartmouth Uiiles, although not 
represented at the meetijig, formed one of the com- 
panies composing the original corps. The battalion, 
as now formed, consisted of tlie Scottish Rilles on the 
right flank, Chebucto Creys on the left tiank, May- 
flower Ritl<;s next to the Scottish, Halifax Rifles next 
to the Greys, Irish and Dartmouth Ritles centre. 


! ':i 

i-iiiriit-i;-,iiui.ii gaaB!f 



The first battalion drill took ploce on the evening 
of May .SOth, ISGO, at the South Barrack yard, Capt. 
Chearnley taking coiinnand. As it was proposed to 
have a review on the <Sth of June, ])attalion drill was 
held on the evenings of the following Tuesday, Wed- 
nesday and Tlmrsday, companies mustering at 0..'i(). 
On May •'^l^t a meeting' of ladies was held in the 
National School Ijuilding for the purpose of making 
arran<rements for holdintj; a <''rand fancv fair to raise 
funds in aid of a band for the Vohniteor Battalion. 
Although not all uniformed, the city companies, with 
the exception of the Greys, turned out in full force 
on the anniversary of the settlement of Halifax, then 
held on the Sth of Jun(\ In adtlition to the Halifax 
Volunteer Battalion, the Volunteer Artillery, Halifaiv 
Enixineers, Victoria Rith^s and Dartmouth Enijfineers 
took part, with tlie regular troops in garrison, in a 
iijrand review on the Nort.l Connnon. On the 28th 
June following (Queen's Coronation Day) the Volun- 
teer Battalion was reviewed and inspected 1)y General 
Trollope. On this occasion the General, who had 
from the first been very nuieh interested in the 
Volunteer movement, gave the men some good advice 
and expressed himself as very mucli pleased with the 
progress made. 

The sunnner of 18(10 was a busy one for the bat- 
talion. On the 24th July a o-eneral order called it 
out for duty durinr^ the visit of H. R. H. the Prince of 
Wales, and during the three days of his visit, a succes- 



sion of guards of honor kept tlie men constantly in 
nn.iorm. The proceedings con) nienccd on tlic arrival of 
H. R. H., by the voluntc^ers lining the streets from the 
dockyard, wlu^e he landed, the troojis pi'esenting 
arms l)y companies and then forming f(>urs and join- 
ing the procession. On the .*>lst there was a review 
of troops — hoth regidar and volunteer — on the com- 
mon, this heing the first appearance of the battalion 
before rovaltv. The comi^anies mustered strong and 
with their new unifoiins looked remarkably well. 
The Prince of Wales was well pleased, and the fcl- 
lowinij li'eneral order conixratulated them on their 
steadiness and soldierlike beai'ing : 

Mn.iTiA Grnf.ual Ordkr. 



Ainjiist SnJ, ISGO. 

I am (lircctcd l)j' His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief to express to tlie oilicers and men of the 
various Halifax and Dartmoutli Volunteer companies the great 
satisfaction which he felt at their steadiness and soldier-like hear- 
ing, hoth on the occasion of ihe landing of His lloyal Highness 
the Prince of Wales and at the review which took place on the 
81st ultimo. 

His I'Acellency is aware that it will he a source of the highest 
gratilication to them to know that His Roj-al Highness expressed 
himself much jileased, not only with their appearance and the i)ro- 
ficicncy in drill at which they had arrived, but also with the lf)yal 
spirit which had induced them, at considerable sacrifice to them- 
selves, to devote so much time and attention to their duties. 

His I'^.xcellency feels sure that the knowledsie that their exer- 
tions have been fully appreciated by His lloyal Highness cannot 
fail to be most encouraging to the volunteers, and he rejoices that 






\ . 

t :: 

I >' 

he has had so favourable an opportunity of bringing their cniciency 
under the notii-e of His Koj'al JHljIhk'.ss. 

V\. Jir.HMT SlNCLAin, 

A>!jiif((nf-(i'< uiyal Xora Srolla i]fi/if!a. 

On tlio (Icp.'irtnre of 11. R. IT. tlie liattalioii fnrnislicd 
(guards at tlio railway station. Riclmioufl, aiiil at 
Windsor, N. S., tlie Halifax Rill(js and Irish Volun- 
teers leavinL;- by sjvjeial ti'ain at 4 o'clock, a. ni., for 
the latter purpose. The fanc}' fair in aid of the hand, 
decided upon by the ladies in May, was held during 
the visit of II. R. H., and was well patronized, the 
amount i-ealized being placed in the hands of a com- 
mittee to purchase instruments. This committee set 
itself actively to woi-k, and to the bandmaster of the 
G2nd Regiment — Mr. Carey (who had g(jno to Eng- 
land) w-as entrusted tin; duty of selecting tht^ instru- 
ments re([uired, and their (piality fully sustained Mr. 
Carey's judgMient and the action of the connnittce. 
In the meantime — durinfi the sunnner of LSGO and 
following winter — the battalion was supplied with 
music by an amateur organization called the " City 

Durimx the sunnner, the Government havinix 
granted an allowance of ball cartridge, the city 
companies proceeded to Point Pleasant range to go 
through their regular course of ]K)sition drill and 
riile practice. The "Scottish" and the "Greys" 
encarjiped on the ground, but the other companies 
marched down each day. Sixty rounds per man was 
the allowance, and the scores of the last twenty rounds, 






wliicli were fired under tlie inspection of an ollicer, 
were retiirntMl to liejid(|aartei".s. For private pi'actice 
tlie price of anniiunition was £1 17s. od. prr tliou.uind, 
caps two slnllini^s and eiglit })rne(' li;df peiniy ])er 
tlionsand. Anioni'' tlie reirulations issne<l ai tliis time 
fi'oni liead(piarters, was one allowing' tlie sum of five 
pounds ($20) per company to provide armories, and 
one shilling and three pence (2') cts.) per annum 
for the cai'e of each stand of arms and accoutrements; 
and another which regulated the transfer of men from 
one company to another. The second resolution 
passed at the nieetiuL'" at which tin; hattalion was 
organized — May 14th, ISGO— was " that Sir William 
Fen wick Williams he requested to accept the ])osition 
of Colonel of the hattalion" and the answer to that 
request was contained in. the following general order: 

Mn.TTl.V (iKNKKAL OlllU.K. 

Ai'jrTANT-( !knkk.\l'.s On-ICE, 

Jhdi/a.c, X. S., Xoc. G, 1S(J0. 

His Exoelloiiey Lt.-(!eneriil Sir \Vni. Fonwick Wllli.uns 
having, with the concurrence of Hi.-s K.xcclkncy the J'larl of 
Mulgrave, consented to accept tlie post of Honorary Colonelcy of 
the Halifax \'olunteer iJattalion, JHs Excellency the Earl of 
Mulgiave, Coninianding-in-Chief, has been pleased to issue the 
follow ing general order ; — 

His Excellency Lt. -General 8ir Wni. i'. Williams, Bt. K. C. B., 

coniinanding division B. N. A., to Ijc Colonel of the Halifax 

Volunteer Battalion. 

K. Bhiiai Si.N(;l.\ui, .1, (>'. M. 

The hattalion hand made its lirst appearance in 
uniform on St. George's Day, 18G1, and ever since that 



p ' 




' :t|' 

II- ! 

(l;ito lias taken part in all para-lus and roviews. The 
fi)'st Ijaiulinastcr was Mi". Watts, wlio lia<l sci'VcmI in a 
siiiiilai' cai)acitv in ont^ oi' the rc'iilar rc-niiu-'nts, ])nt 
at the provinci.ii rillc niati-h at W'iinlsur, in Octohcr, 
ISdlJu' so iiiiseoniluctt'il hiinsdi' tliat he was dismissed. 
The ser\iei's of Mr. Holt, liandinaster ot* the 17th 
Ue^t., were then securetl until the spring', when Mr. 
W. Blacknian, the present landmaster, was eniL;'a^'ed. 

In I SO I the ]>attalion ac<[uin'(l a reputation as a 
shootini;' corj)s, which, it has maintained to the present 
day. 'J'he ritle I'an^e at Point Pleasant was the scene 
ot* constant practice, and man\ inte resting' matches 
to(jk place there, the convenience of the locality 
niakiiii^' it possilde for the N'oluntecrs to l;'o to practice 
in the early iiioiniiiL;- and return in time for husiness. 
Every tine dav, from davliu'ht, the crack of the litles 
conhl he heard, and the ditlerent companies soon had 
their favorite marksmen to the fi'ont. In Ani^'ust, 
]S()1, the first ovneral rille match was announced, 
the me<lal presented hy the Pritish National Rifle 
Association hein^' offered for competition, open to 
volunteers from all parts of the Piovince. Earl 
Muli^rave, the UoveriKjr of Nova Scotia, presented a 
cup, and ii>any other prizes were contributed by 
private individuals. There was no Provincial Ptifle 
Association at this time, the whole manau'ement heinir 
undei'taken hy the Adjutant-General, Col. Sinclair, 
lie beini'- under the CJovernor, the head of the Militia 
department. The match took place at Windsor, 



X. S., nil < >ct. I'-t". t1n^ nilos and ]ci.';nlation.s c;'ovornini^ 
it lifini;' ]nil»Iisli('<l in tjic HmjaJ (tiiictfr. For tlic 
Ijritisli Association nn'dnl, two rcpi^scntntivt's from 
racli (•( mpany utir allowid to compet'', and tlie city 
companies luid aiii]»le tim(\ i'rom tlic ])ulilication of 
tlie ruli>s in Auun-^t, to scdcct tlifir nuMi — tliis was 
done at Point Pleasant ran^c Tl>o distances were 
l.M), 200. 250. and :100 yaids, live ronnds at each. At 
tlio matcli at Windsor all the lionors were carrie-l off 
l>y the hattalion : private Clilloi-d W. Kiimear, 
Chehncto (Jreys, -wiiniiiiL;' the National me<lal ; and 
0. Caldwell, of the Scottish KiHes, takin-- Karl 
MiilL;ravtrs cnp. Competitors were present from all 
parts of thi' province. 

The N«'W P>rnnswick (Jovennnent liavinLj Ltiven a 
valualih' cnp to he competed foi*. a match took place 
at Sussex, N. ]J., on Octoher ord, open to lepresenta- 
tives from the Volunteer companies of the Maritime 
Provinces, The ilalifax Voluntet r Pattalion was 
j'epresented hy six men — j^rivates Kiiniear, Neville, 
K^an, (Jrt'V. Camnhell and Harrini'ton. Thev h-ft 
Windsor hy steamer for St John, thence l>y i-ail to 
Sussex, and althouLrh not successful in leadini'- the 
field, shot well, private Kimicar again leading" the 
Nova Scotians. 

The reo'ular tari^et practice, which took place in 
the fall, shewed the advance the battalion had made 
in ritle shootini-', the averaw beinii" much hi«dier 
than in l.S(J0. The practice took place under the 



im P 



suporvision of non-coninn.^^sioncMl ofUcers of the rcgi- 
iiients in c,Mrrison, tlirco of the companies showing 
the following averag(\s : — 

1800. ISGl. 

Scottish Co 0.74 14.32 

CJreys 7.7() 14.68 

Ilnfifax Rifles 8.0 i 14.92 

The ranges wei'e 1.50, 200, 2:>0 and r,00 yards, five 
rounds standijig, at eacli. r>uirs eye counting 3, 
centre 2, outer 1. 

The "Scottish" not heing satisfied with the result 
of the company shooting, challenged the Halifax Kifles, 
and a team of four from each competed, the result 
being a victory for the Halifax Rifles, with an aver- 
age of 27.r>0, the " Scottish " being 22. 

By his departure from the province in October, 
the Battalion lost a staunch friend in General Trollope, 
who returned to England. On tlie IDth October the 
battalion, headed by the band, mu^^tered on tlie Grand 
Parade an<l presented an a<ldress to the General, whose 
reply was received by spontaneous cheers from the 
men, shewing the esteem in which he was held by all 

I i 



CII.M'TKIi n. 

])A11TM()ITII IvNliiM-rns. -- LlXTUHKS IN AID OF BaND. — 

]Ii',(>k<;ani/.ati()N of thk Milfha. — Pkesentation' of Colors 

AM) lircLK. -Mll.lTIA J)i;ii.L. 

Ox DcL'L'iiilfcr old, ClLiiL'i'iil Do3'lc, who succeeded 
General Trollope, inspected tlie ri<;lit halt' bat- 
talion, consistini^' of Scottish, Maj'ilower and 
Iiish Companies. Earl Mul^•rave was also present. 
On Deceniher 0th the left half battalion — Greys, 
Halifax llilles and Dartmouth Hides, were inspected. 
Considerable excitement was caused about this time, 
from the possibility of a wai- with the United States, 
what is known as the "Trent" f>flair making quite 
a stir in military circles. The G2nd Regiment, 
which had been stationed in Halifax for some 3'ears, 
was ordered to New Ihunswick, and the Halifax 
Volunteer Batt.-ilion turn(Ml out a guard to see them 
off. Tlie most friendly feeling had prevailed between 
the G2nd an<l the vohniteei's, the drill instructors for 
the l)attalion being furnished \ty this regiii 'ut and 
the G:3rd (regulars). On Januai'y 17tli and 2Sth, 18G2, 
Colonel Tajdor, who had been sent from England to 
inspect and report on the volunteer forces, reviewed 
the Halifax Volunteer Battalion. The companies 
mustered well, and the company cers drilled the 


r>iWISils•.'Kts^^^^•*:''T«'SiK :i;!-;£i.'H5WCRi»TTOSJ.'4 : 

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men. ColoiU'l Taylor oxpressod liiiusL'll:' well sfitisfie*] 
that tlie battalion wns lit fo)' active service. The 
rifles, clothing- and accoutKMnonts were niinntel}^ exam- 
ined, and, as well as the di-illini;' of the men and skill 
of the ofiicers, very favorably commented on by the 
inspecting" ofHcor. 

The Dartmouth Engineers h;id not ioineil the l)at- 
talion, ])ut maintained a separate organization under 
Captain Ilartshorne. This gentleman resigning his 
connnission in Alay, ]<SGl, Lieut. Hyde, who was then 
senior ofhcer, endeavored to obtain instructors from 
the lloyal Engineei-s, but the scheme was not looked 
on favorably by the Militia Department. On the 4th 
November, ISGl, Wm. H. Pallistcr, Esq., was appointed 
Captain, and in the following 3'ear the company, not 
being able to obtain an}' special instruction as Engi- 
neers, entered the battalion, taking the centre, and 
being known as the 2nd Dartmouth Cornpan}'. 

On Feb. 12th, 18G2, a lecture in aid of the battalion 
band w^as delivered in Temperance Hall by P. C. Hill, 
Esq. The Earl and Countess of Mulgiave, General 
Doyle, iion. Judge Johnston, Judge; Wilkins and other 
prominent citizens being present, the subject of the 
lecture was " Self Defence." A second lecture was 
delivered on the 10th, by Ccorge P>. Kenny, Esq., and 
a third on the 28th, by Lieut. Anderson. All the 
lectures were well attended. 

By a general order, dated May ^'^rd, 18G2, Major 
J. W. Laurie (unattached) was appointed Inspecting 





FieKl OHlcer of the Volnntrors an<l IMilitia of Nova 
Scotia, with the rank of Coloiu-l. The duties of 
inspecting" ofhcer had up to this time been performed 
Ly Col. Sinchiir, in athlition to tlic duties of Adjutant- 
Generah In June the Volunteer Battalion made an 
elibrt to secure the services of Capt, Milsom, of the 
C2nd Regt., as adjutant, the intention hewing to have 
a paid adjutant. The idea did not meet with the 
approval of Earl Mulgrave, but Captain Milsoni was 
soon after employed by the Adjutant-General, and in 
March, 180*3, ap|)ointed anIn^]K'ctin<;' Field Officer, with 
the rank of Lieut. -Colonel. The Provincial shootinu' 
took place at Truro on Scj^tcndier 10th, 18G2. An 
Intercolonial challeuLio cui) was i-iven bv the Nova 
Scotia (!o\enniient, to be competed for by twenty 
men from each of the Lowei* Pi-ovinces. 

]3uring year great activity was displayed in 
reoruanizinii" and enrollinii' the rei-ular militia of the 
province. " The Regulations and Orders for the 
General ^Iann«''ement and Guidance of the Volunteers 
and Militia " shew that the militia of Nova Scotia, 
previous to the organization of the Volunteer force, 
was in a very crude state, but, with the juilitar}' 
spirit and training inti'oduced by the Volunteer 
movement, a new state of atlaii's came al)Out, and 
the reiiular ]\lilitia was now leoi'i-anized. Previouslv 
there was no means of getting trained officers for 
that force and the commissions were consequently 
held by men who were, from a military point of view, 


> ■■li ■ 

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f ', 


in many cases totally unfit I'oi- tlieir position. From 
the Volunteer companies competent men were now 
drawn by the offer of connnissions in the regiments 
of Militia and paid drill instruction being introduced, 
no excuse for non-efticiency was allowed. The bat- 
talion lost some of its best members at this time, the 
temptation of a commission in the Militia taking many 
from its ranks. At one time it was in contemplation 
to form the counties into districts and to place the 
IMilitia in each under Briu'adiei's' the conunand of 
the Halifax district being ofi'ered to Capt. Chearnley, 
but tliG projxjsed change did not take place. In 
October a ritle match took place in Prince Edward 
Island, Nova Scotia being represented by twenty men. 
The principal prize — a challenge cup — was won by 
Major Pollard of Prince I^dwa id Island, Sergt. Walter 
Kelly of the Halifax Volunteer iJattalion making the 
same score but losing on the tie. 

The lOth of November, 18(>2, was a gi'and day for 
the Halifax Vobmteer Battalion. The City Council 
had, the year previ(nis, decided to present the bat- 
talion with a set of colors, and the lOth of Novem- 
bei', beini>' the dav on which H. 11. 11. the Pri)ice of 
Wales attained his majority, was pi'oclaimed a public 
holiday and selected for the presentation. The 
colors, which had been made in Lomlon from designs 
furnished by a committee of tlie City Council, had 
arrive 1 in October, but, owing to the Civic elections 
taking place in that month, the ceremony of handing 



them over was delayed. On tlio afternoon of Monday 
tlie lOtli, tlie l;)attalion, with all the regular troops 
in garrison and two companies of Volunteers from 
Windsor and Truro, assembled on the Common; the 
school childn^n were also mustered in a bo<ly and 
took part in the presentation. The battalion having 
been formed up in hollow s(iuare, Mrs. P. C. Hill, 
wife of the Mayor of the Cit}', on behalf of the 
Mayor and City Council, unfolded the colours, and, 
after a neat and appropriate speech, handed them to 
the othcers appointed to carr}' them ; the Scottish 
Company acting as guard of honor, Captain Chearnley, 
on behalf of the battalion, thanking the City Council 
for their gift, LnnKidiatel}' after the presentation of 
the colors the of Mulgrave presented the 
battalion with a handsonje silver bu^'le. In makin<>' 
the presentation Lady Mulgrave exj)lained that the 
bugle had been subscribed for by a number of the 
ladies of the city for annual competition, and she 
hoped the battalion would long carry it. Lady 
Mulgrave's remarks were received with cheers. This 
distiniiuished ladv had always taken a leadinn; part 
in all that would assist, or encourage, the volunteer 
spirit in the city. The proceedings terminated with 
a review in which the regular troops took part. The 
colors presented on this occasion were ordered through 
the " Heraldry OfHce," London, the instructions being 
to furnish colors suitable for a Ritle J3attalion, but 
the order was returned with the remark that there 
was no design suitable for colors for a Rifle Corps. 

I ;iP 




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The committee was, however, eqna^ to the emergency, 
and tlie really elegant design adopted, showed that if 
they were not posted in military matters, they had 
taste enouixh to make a cjood selection. The colors 
have not hecn carrie<l oi' late j'ears, the last occasion 
being at the review at Sussex, N. B., before the 
Marquis of Lome, on July 1st., ISSl, General Luard, 
the Commander-in-Chief of the Militia of Canada, 
who was present, ol'jt'cting to them as not being 
suitably for a Ritle Corps. 

With the silver bugle, presented at the same time 
as the colors, the battalion has been more fortunate, 
the annual bugle tiring being, at the present day, one 
of the most interesting matches held by the battalion. 
It is competed for each year by teams of five from 
each compan}-, the bugler of the compan}^ of the win- 
ning team carrying the bugle for the year — a money 
prize is also given with it. The ranges are 200 and 
400 yards, and fi'om the date of the presentation to 
the present time, this mrdeh, and at those ranges, has 
been regularly shot, as much interest being taken 
to-day in the "bugle match," as when Grst competed 
for in ISGo. 

On the 14th x\pril, 1S63, the battalion celebrated 
the marriage of the Prince of Wales. A public holi- 
day was proclaimed and a review held. On the 21st 
June anothei" review was held, and, in addition to 
the volunteers, the regular troops and the volunteers 
from Windsor and Truro took part ; the country 





companies being entortainod Ly the city volunteers. 
'J'he battalion also furnished Guards of Hoi'.or at the 
opening and closing of the House of Assembly. On 
the 14th Se})tember the battalion was inspected by 
His Excellency Earl Mulii'ravc ; the Governor of 
Prince Edward I.shmd being present. This was the 
last time Earl Muhj'rave reviewed the battalion, he 
being about to leave the province for England. On 
his departure, on the 17th, the Scottish Kifles formed 
the Guard of Honor. During this mr)nth the regular 
militia were ordered out for drill, each regiment had to 
parade five days, each parade being for four hours, 
four days being devoted to company, and one to 
l)attalion drill.. Six rei'-iments from the city mustered. 
The Volunteer Battalion was not exempt from this 
drill, and mustered on the Common. They were 
inspected on the 7th, and the men were entertained 
by the otTicers at a lunch, served in the Ilink, Park 
Street. This di'ill was not popular with the volunteers 
and was never ai»*ain exacted. The battalion was a 
volunteer oro'anization and the men who had ijjiven 
their evenings up for the purpose of perfecting them- 
selves in drill, considered it unfair to lie placed under 
the same rule as the militia regiments, which were 
drafted, and with whom this drill was compulsory. 

On the 4th of Scptciidici', I S()3, by a g<'nf>ral ord(^r, 
Lieut. George K. Anderson, Scottish Piilk's, was 
appointed adjutant to the \'olunteer Battalion. This 
was the first stall" appointment, and supplied a long 



■^'«w-^Ha^.i»'ji.: jfiSir?Wiiif »fff??8^^^ ■ 





! 11 

felt want. On October 14tli, tlio Provincial Rifle 
Match took place at Truro, and on November Gth, 
the first Bugle Match was held at tlie Grey's range, 
the prize being won by the Irish Volunteer Com- 
pany's team. Tlie government having built a drill 
shed, for the use of the city volunteers and militia, 
application was ma<le for tlie use of the building on 
three nights of the week, but the request was not 
complied with, two niu'hts only beinir available, 
Wednesday and Friday. The Scottish, Maj^Hower, 
Irish, and 2nd Dartmouth Companies, occupied the 
building on Wednesday, the Greys, Halifax, and 1st 
Dartmouth Companies on Friday. The shed was a 
much smaller buildim-" than the one now in use. 

Among the privileges enjoyed by the volunteers 
at this time, was their exemption from poll tax and 
juries, tlu; captains of companies being re([uired to 
provide semi-annual returns of the etlective men 
under their command. On February 4th, 18G4, the 
battalion furnished a Guard of Honor at the opening 
of the House of Assend)ly; the Chebucto Greys and 
j\ta3ilowers being detailed for this duty, and on the 
evening of the 12th the battalion was inspected by 
General Doyle. The battalion declined the General's 
request to take part in a review on the 24th May, as 
they were actively engaged in preparing for the 
regular celebration on the 21st June. On July 8th 
the l)attalion was inspected by Sir Richard Graves 

McDonald who had succee 
Governor of Nova Scotia. 

ded Earl Mula'rave as 



Rkoroantx.ation of tiik Battalion. — Untfor^i.—Stai-f 


Enfikld Hifles Isst'EU. 

DURING the fall of 1 864, the siil)ject of rcoro-aniza- 
tion was taken up by the officers, the term of 
service for wliich tlie men liad enrollcil expiring 
in Januar}^ T.SG5. Quite a number of meetini^s were 
held, and ap])lication was made to the Commander-in- 
Cliief to secure a i-rant from tlie government to assist 
tlie volunteei'S, the sum of five dollars per man being 
suggested, that being the amount allowed the voliui- 
teei's in England and Canada. The uniform of the 
companies, which had now been in use for five years, 
re([uiring to be renewed, a committee of oJlicers was 
appointed to consider the subject, and they recom- 
mended "Pvitie green" as the most suitable color. This 
was adopted by all the companies except the Scottish, 
this company continuing to wear their dark plaid 
clothino". The Irish Volunteers and 1st Dartmouth 
Rifles did not re-enroll, the place of the former in the 
battalion being taken by a second company of the 
Halifax Rifles, the battalion beinii- a^ain reduced to 
its original number of companies (six). On parade 
the Scottish still held the right, the Grevs the left, 

: ilji 


^.-n-i.. »■ ■«- .rii^i .•■•.■«i»-^ r..;.ui^.u.^t;:»..„ -:l-| ^ 




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1 •f!!i;i1 

;■ I ■■■ 'ill 



the iralifax llillcs (second coinpan}') taking" tlie place 
vacated by tlie Irish Voluntetn's. 

At a iiieetino* of ofTicers, held on the IGtli June, 
18G5, Captain ('lieai-idiiv was edceted LifUt-Coh^Jiel ; 
Captain Mackinlay and Captain Pallistcn', Majoi's ; Dr. 
Davis, Sur^L'on-^hi jor, and Dr. Jolm Slay ter, Sari-'eon ; 
Lieut. Kitchie was elected Quarter-Master but declined. 
A new set of rules and by-laws for the battalion was 
adopted, and, liavini^* been approved of by tlie 
Connnander-in-Chief were printed. By these I'ules 
the stall' oiheers of the battalion were elected by the 


oHicers, the adjutant and the seri/eant-niaior beina* 
appointed by the Colonel. Each company was 
restricted to c>ne ca.ptain, two lieutenants, four 
sergeants, and (jne (|u;irler-niaster sei'geant. One of 
tlie rules regulated the tines for non-attendance on 
field days, three of which Vvere to be lield each year. 
The-e tines, which Viiried fri^ui fifty cents for a 
private to five dollars for the colonel, were not 
generall}' enforced. The battalion did not parade on 
the 2Lst June, the Scottish being the only company 
fully e(juii^])ed: the new uniforms not having arrived 
from England. 

On the 11th l)ecend)er, 18G'), Patrick llayden, 
Halifax Rifles, was elected (^uai'ter-Master, I'eceiving 
twelve votes, !Mi'. Twininii' of the Greys being next 
with ten. Surgeon-Major Davies, who had been in 
charge of the band for a considerable time, was 
elected, with Captain Vaux and Lieut. Allison, a band 


cnmn'ittoo. Tlie fonuation of fi ])atta1io7i fund was 
also decided on. The subsciption l)eiiig : — 

Lieut.- Colonel J^.'.OO per annum. 

.Majors 4,00 

Captain :5.00 

Lieutenant 2.00 

Li accordance witli anotliei' rule, tlio Adjutant, Lieut. 
Anderson, was promoted to the rank of Captain. 
There was no Paymaster, the Quarter-master acting 
in that capacity. The annual meeting of the oflicers 
of the battalion was fixed for the first ^londay in 
i\lay. The new unifoi-m, adopted hy the battalion, 
was dark Rifle green tunic, pants and chaco, black 
leather waist belt, cross belt and pouch. The Greys 
had red facings, M'ith red Itall in chaco, the other 
companies, except the two companies Halifax Rifios, 
adopting the same— the last mentioned retaining 
the light green. The cost of the uniform (£3 2s. 8Jd. 
currency each) being borne l)y the men. 

By a general order, dated October 25th, the 
strength of each compan}' was fixed at sixty, all 
ranks, and four dollars per man allowed by govern- 
ment. Any company not having thirty-six effective 
men to be disbanded. The ordei" also fixes the proper 
form and time for the returns to be sent in to the 
Adjutant-General, the last of Decemljer being the 

In Novcnd^er, on the arrival of General Sir W. F. 
Williams, the battalion was ordered out for duty, the 



Iitfr Ij! 

Dartnioiitli Co. heinu' tlio ouard at tlic Province 
Buildini]^, wlioro he was sworn into otHco, tlie rest of 
the battalion, with tlic troops in garrison, taking part 
in his reception. On December 1st, the battalion was 
inspected by General Williams. 

During the winter of 18GG overcoats were issued 
to the battalion by the government, and the long 
" Enfield" rifie (muzzle loader) which the battalion 
had used from its organization, was replaced by the 
short rille and sword bayonet. 

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I 11 






Fenian Scark. — Battalion Called Oit.— Garrison Duty. — 
Pickets.- Colrt Martial, — Approval of the Authorities. 
— Return of Hospitalities. 

IN March, 18GG, the first Fenian scare took place. 
Kuniors of an inroad by the Fenian Brotlierhood 
from tlie United States caused considerable alarm, 
and tlie departure of an armed ship from New York, 
in a mj-sterious manner, seemed to point to Halifax as 
the Hcene of attack. The battalion was called out for 
active service and each company told ott' to its post, 
the siii'Tial of alarm beino- three i-uns fired in succes- 
sion from the citadel. The companies were ordered 
to parade in full marching order with groat coats, 
blankets and canteen : The Greys and Halifax Rifles 
(2nd company) to proceed to McNab's Island, under 
command of Major Mack inlay ; the Scottish Rifles, 
under Captain McLean, to George's Island ; the 
remainder of the battalion to remain under arms at 
head-quarters, ready to proceed to whatever post they 
were required at. The battalion shewed a good spirit 
in this the first serious call for duty, the men 
mustered prompt!}', and altliongh no inroad actually 
took place at that time, the authoi-ities were satisfied 
that the battalion could be relied on should its services 

be required. The battalion was kept ready for 



iiALUAx V()i-UNn:rii I'.attalion. 




instant sltvIcl' until Llio cii'l ol' tlic niontli, and 
some cliangt'.-; ina'lo in tlic ])n)|")()M?(l disposal of the 
companies. ]^y a Itattalion order, dated .\rai'eli 27th, 
tliey were ordered to muster (on tlie danger sii^'nal 
being given) at the I'rovinee nuildiiig, the right half 
])attalion in tlie soutli iMiclosur*', tlie lel't in tlie north 
enclosure, and the whole battalion was called out 
on ''^10 morning of the 2sth and drilleil on the CJrand 
Panide. Some rumours having got abroad, that the 
mend)er.>< of the ban I were not sworn in, a general 
order was issUvjd directing tin* olliecrs connnanding 
companies to see that all the men of their connnands 
took the oath of allegiance. 

The alarm gTadu;d'.y subsidi'd, and the battalion 
was inspected on tho evening of April 1 1th, and 
relieved from duty. 

By a battalion oi'der of March 21st, the companies, 
in addition to the u^uil number, wei'e designate(l by 
letters : the Scottisl) being A, tlie ( b-eys P), Mayllowcrs 
C, Halifax Ivilles ]), No. 1, and 1), No. 2, J)artmouth 
Kitles E. The annual meetiuLi' of the oillcers of the 
battalion was held on the 7th j\lay. The report of 
the band coiinuittee, submitted at the meetine- shews 
that the sum of SSkOO had been su])scribed by the 
officers for the maintenance of the band, and of this 
841.00 had been ex[)ended. 

Although the fears of a Fenian invasion in March 
proved groundless, the result showed that there was 
some cause for alarm. In conse(|uence of an inroad 


into Cniiridn Jind tlit.' uitlitli-nwal oi' a portion of tlio 
i,^ai'nson, i\w battalion ^vns()l•(l(H'(l out i'oi* duty. Ono 
liundri'd and lil'ty nun, witli tlio proper complement 
of oflicers, lieini;' detailed, in the i'oDowino- proportions: 

Men. .Serjjts. Corpls. 

Scottish Kiiles 2S 2 2 

Maytlowor Ixitles 21. I 2 

Dartmouth Tlilles 82 2 2 

Halifax lliiles 48 :\ .S 

Greys .IS 1 1 

A roster of the oflicers ft)r dut}', dated June Gth, 
shews the followin;;- : — ^Injors — Mackiiday and 
Pallister; Captains — Vaux, Piers, McLean, Barron, 
Cunniuns and Symonds : LstLieuts. — Ritchie factino' 
adjutant), Sirconi, Maloney, Conroy, Hay, Brown, 
Allison, ]\Iackasey, Cochrane and j\Iurray. 2nd 
Lieuts. — HarriiiL^'ton, Keating, Doull, Camphell, 
O'Mullin, Power and Isles, 

All ball practice was proliil)ited and no memher 
of the battalion was allowed be3'ond the city limits 
without special leave. The bi-ick otliee, where the 
Deputy Adjutant General's oihce now stands, on 
Spring Garden Road, was used as a guard I'oom, and 
a picket told otf every day for duty. The men w^ere 
re(|uired to provide their own rations, and two men 
for fatigue were told oil' with each guard, whose duty 
it was to look after the provisions ; as a rule the 
families of the men sent their meals ready cooked to 
the guard rooms. 


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Some carious incidents took place during this 
duty, some of the men detailed for guard not attend- 
ing the picket was sent for them ; one man, a 
carpenter, was on a roof shingling it, and did not pay- 
any attention to the demand of the picket to descend, 
but two of the i^uard went on the roof and marched 
him down and through the streets to the guard room 
where he was kept until the next morning. As all 
delinquents brought in by the picket were kept in the 
guard room and not allowcnl any pay for their time, 
the men detailed for duty were very rarely absent. 
A district court martial was held on the IGth July, 
Major Mackinlay, Captain Symonds, and Lieuts. 
Allison and Hari'ington forming the court; the 
charf]!e beino- that a member of the battalion — Private 
Phelan — had exceeded his duty, in making a prisoner 
of an official connected with the dockvard. The 
circumstances were: the sentry havini^: orders to admit 
no one without the parole, one of the clerks, who had 
been out late, on returning was stopped by the sentr}", 
l)ut on seeing it was a volunteer, treated his demand 
for the pass-word with contempt. The result was 
that the man was taken prisoner by the guard and held 
until the grand rounds came when he was released, 
but, feeling agrieved, he chai'ged the sentry with 
exceedinii' his duty. The result of the court martial 
was that the charges were declared not proven, and 
the evidence produced reflected so unfavorably on 
the conduct of the official that he was severely 
censured by his superiors. 








By a general order, dated July 31st, the battalion 
was relieved from garrison dut}^ having served from 
the Gth June. By this general order the thanks of 
the Coniniander-in-C;hief were conveyed to the men, 
and a despatch from Earl Carnarvon expressing his 
approval of the services of the battalion was also 
published. General Doyle, who had been away on 
duty in New Brunswick, on his return, by a garrison 
order, expressed his pleasure at the very favorable 
report he had received of the conduct of the volunteers. 

At the Provincial Rifle Match, held at Bedford 
in Auo'ust, the battalion furnished one officer and 20 
rank and file as guards for six days. During the 
Fenian alarm in March, and also durino- tlie fjarrison 
duty in June and July the adjutant (Captain 
Anderson,) being absent on leave, Lieut. Ilitchie was 
acting adjutant, an office which kc])t him constantly 
on duty. In Jul}^ the officers of the H. V, B. enter- 
tained the officers of the 2nd Battalion 4th Regiment, 
at a dinner in return for tlie hospitality shown the 
officers of the Yoluntecrs. In October, a guard of 
honor, composed of two companies under Major 
Pallister, turned out on tlie departure of tlie Com- 
mander-in-Chief. The battalion was inspected on 
December Gth, and had a gi'aiid march out on January 
21st, 18G8. At the annual meeting in May the 
battalion affiiirs were found in a very prosperous 
state, the band funds shewing a balance of i?G7.00. 




Transfer of Milttia to the Domixiox.— ^Meetings to Discuss 
Terms. — Pkivile(;es (traxthd. — Court of Exc^uiry. — 
Regulations for Drill. —CiiAXdE of Name. 

i| 'I 

BY a general order, dated July l'3tli, 1808, the 
regulations for transferring tlie Volunteers from 
the local authorities to the Dominion Govern- 
ment were made known and a meeting of the officers 
of the battalion was called, on the loth August, to 
consider them. It was decided to send a deputation 
to wait on the Minister of Militia, Sir George E. 
Cartier, who was on a visit to Halifax, to request 
that the privileges enjoyed hy tlie l)attalion be 
continued. At tlie adjourned meeting, held on the 
20th, the answer of the Adjutant-General was 
received, but was not considered satisfactory, the 
information asked for l)v tlie battalion oflicers not 
bein2f available until the return of Sir Georo-e E. 
Cartier to head-quarters. At tliis meeting Dr. Garvie 
was elected Surgeon, in place of Dr. Davies who had 
resigned, and Dr. Thos. Walsli was elected Assistant 

On the 20th October a special meeting of tlie 
battalion officers was held, and tlie commanding 
officer was requested to communicate with head- 



quarters in reference to certain privileges tlie battalion 
wished to secure, and on the 15th of January, 1869, 
the officers met to consider the answer received. This 
was accepted by a vote of 12 to G, and the service 
rolls orderecj to 1»e submitted to the companies, the 
privilej^e of beinnf discharu'ed on o'ivinfj six months 
notice being asked for and finally granted by the 

During the winter of 18G9 the companies were 
busy I'ecruiting their ranks and reorganizing under 
the Dominion ^lilitia Regulations. 

At the aimual meetini"' in May some trouble was 
experienced with tlie accounts of the band committee, 
the late Treasurer ha\'in!i' failed to if'iva a satisfactory 
account. A conunitteo was appointed to investigate 
and found the accounts thii'tj^-nine (lobars short. 

The companies resumed their usual drill on 
Wednes(hiy and Friday evenings of each week, and 
officers and non-commissioned officers on Monday and 
Saturday for special drill. Ortlers were also received 
from head(piarte]'s to send in t1ie dates of the com- 
mission of all officers, their ([ualilieations and ranks. 

In Jul}' a court of en(|uiry was held, composed of 
Captain Vaux, Lieut. Allison and I^ieut. Ritchie, to 
investiijate a chariie made by the (commanding Officer 
aijainst the late Treasurer of the ])and committee. 
The name of this officer was finally struck ofl' the 
militia list. In Au^'ust Seru-t.-Major Baddos was 
appointed drill instructor to the battalion, and on the 


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16th and 28th of the same month, guards of honor 
were furnished to attend H. R. H. Prince Arthur on 
his arrival and departure from Halifax. 

During the season, by the new regulations, thirteen 
drills of three hours each were required, but by 
special arrangements, the battalion was allowed to 
substitute twenty-six evening drills, this being one of 
the privileges asked for on the re-enrollment ; the 
name of the battalion was also chanixed, the word 
"Rifles" being now used, "Halifax Volunteer Battalion 
of Rifles" beinii' the oflicial desio-nation. 

On the 8th January, 1870, the battalion paraded 
at the funeral of their late Surgeon, J. B. Garvie, 
M.D., and on the 1 Ith February following, furnished 
guards of honor at the opening of the Assembl3^ 

On the 11th of March the battalion was inspected 
by the Deputy Adjutant-General, Colonel Sinclair, he 
having been appointed to that position, and in April 
formed the guard of honor at the closing of the House 
of Assembly. 

At a meeting of the battalion officers, held March 
30th, the Quarter Master, Captain Hayden, was 
elected Paymaster, Mr. \Vm. Twining being the other 
candidate, Dr. Walsh was promoted to the rank of 
Surgeon and Dr. Farrell elected Assistant Surgeon, 
and at an adjourned meeting, held in the following 
June, Quarter-Master Sergt. J. Scott Mitchell was 
Qlected to the vacant post of Quarter-Master. 




By a brigade order, dated May 18th, the name of 
the battalion was changed to " Tlie G3rd Battalion of 
RiHes," and all promotions and company changes were 
henceforth to he published in Battalion Orders ; 
previously company promotions, cither of officers or 
non-commissioned officers, were not noted in the 
order book, each company acting independently in 
any changes made. 

How the battalion came to bo called the G3rd has 
never been satisftictorily explained, the regiment 
being entitled to the third place in the roll of regi- 
ments of the Active Militia of Canada, it having had 
an unbroken existence since the 14th of May, 18G0. 
The only other battalions senior in Canada being the 
1st Battalion " Prince of Wales" Reuiment. Montreal, 
organized November 1st, 1859, and the 2nd Battalion 
" Queens' Own" of Toronto, organized 2Gth April, 
]8G0, eighteen days before the G3rd,the third Regiment 
" Victoria Rifies" not being organized until Januarj^ 

The battalion assisted at a review of the active 
militia of the city on the 24th of October, and on the 
evening of the 9th of December was inspected by the 
Brigade Major of the district. 

I I 










CEEDEI) ]iY Tlir: 2NI) SC(iTTI?;1I. — DliKSS IvKCT'LATIONS. — 

]iATTALi()N REcrLATioxs.— Death ov Colonel Ciieahnley, 

InsI'ECTIOX. — ]iANl) Tjiori'.LES. 

DURING the winter ol' 1871, considerable cliang-cs 
took pUicc in the battalion. Colonel Chearnley, 
who was considered, from his loni;" association 
with the force, as tlie fathei* of the regiment, retired 
from the connnand, luin^' succeeded by Major 
Mackinlay, and Ca]")tain and Adjutant Georoo R. 
An(k'rson was pi-omotcd to the I'aPik of Majrir ; Lieut. 
Douglas M. ]\lcLeod Iteinj-- made Adjutant. 

The Dartmouth Company also passed awaj^ its 
place in the battalion beiny taken by the second 
division of the Scottish Companj-, Caj)tain Mackintosli 
beinf; ])laced in command. I'he chanu'e was most 
beneficial to the battalion as the ])artmouth Companj' 
had for some time, from a variety of causes, great 
difficulty in keeping- tlie raid^:s full, and the 2nd 
(Scottish Company soon took a front place l)oth in 
drill and in efficiency. On the llUh of March a grand 
route march and sham-light took place, the whole 
militia brigade, and all the troops in garrison taking 
part. The militia l)rigade, consisting of the Field 



T3;itteiy, 1st ]>rii;;i(](.» C};iri'isoii Artillery, 2ii(l Brio-ado 
Giirris.)]! Ai-tillny, (j.Srd Battalion of Uillcs, and GOth 
]J;itt;di()ii ol' Iid'aiitrv, assoniMrd at niiio o'clock. 
I'lie Field Battery was scrvt^d out with live I'oiinds 
per gun, the other corj'.s with twenty-live rounds per 
man. The revii'W was one ol' the most extensive ever 
held in the citv. 

At a nieetine' c)i:' the ollicers lield on the 27th of 
^hrrch, the reiiulaiions for the ollicers clothine- were 
discussed, and it was decided to import the necessary 
cloth, equipments, hue-jes and other articles required. 
For the men of tlie hattalion, the elone-any cap with 
scarlet tuft, was decided on to he worn as undress, 
and the [)r()per nuiid)er orde]'e<l to he imported. At 
a mcetine' held in June, a committee was appointed 
to revise the constitution and hv-laws of the battalion, 
an<l arrange i\\vu\ in accordance with the Dominion 
Militia Baw. 

]\laj()r rallist-r, v\"ho h.nd ]-ecei\'ed th(^])i'evct raidc 
of Bieut -Colonel, was appointed with Messrs. Jjond, 
^IcKerron and N^aui-han a hand counnittec, and the 
formation of a drum and life corps was proposed. 
Sergt. Blackman, of the band, was appointed band- 
master on the 12th Juno, BS71, and on the 19th, 
Corpl. P. CJough was promoted to the vacant position 
of sero'cant. 

During the sunnucr of this y(\ar, regular brigade 
drills took place in the evening, on the connuon, 
under the Brigade Major, Colonel Baurio. 






i i 

On the 15tli July, the brigade was called out to 
attend the funeral of Col. Chcarnluy, the G3rd form- 
ing the firing party, the battalion showing its respect 
for the late commanding officer by turning out in 
force. The usual mourning was worn by the officers 
and by the Chebucto Greys, Col. Chearnley's old 

On the 18th of July, the battalion was inspected 
by the Adjutant-General, Col. Robertson Ross, and 
again on November 1st, with the whole city brigade, 
by the Deputy Adjutant-General. 

During the winter of 1872, some trouble arose in 
reference to the band of the battalion. A letter from 
the members to the officers was not received as it 
was considered their demands should be made through 
the bandmaster and, by a battalion order, the clothing 
and instruments were ordered into stores. During 
March the difficulty was arrano-ed, and the band 
resumed practice. 

!il 1 




Colonel Mackinlay PiEttrks.— Death of Colon'el Sinclair.— 
Chances in the Staff.— Ciiehucto Ciieys Clothing and 
Akms Called in.— Death of Majoii Barron. 

ON April 2Gtli, 1872, Col. Mackinlay retired, after 
twelve years service, daring which time he liad 
taken an active part in everythini^ connected 
with the battalion, and the active i'orce lost one of its 
most effective and zealous members. Althonu'h Col. 
Mackinlay had ceased to be on the active list, he has 
never allowed his interest in the battalion and the 
active militia to waver. Lieut.-Colonel Pallister 
succeeded him in the conniiand. 

On the Queen's Birthday, the usual review was 
held. By a district order, dated June lOth, the regu- 
lations for the year were made known. The battalion 
was ordered out for four day parades or reviews, and 
eii-ht cvenin<>' brii-'ade drills, the remainder of the 
drill to be performed regimentally ; those regulations 
were in place of the battalion being ordered into 

By the death, on the 25th June, of Col. Sinclair, 

D. A. G., the battalion lost one of its oldest friends. 

This officer, who had oi'iginally been a member of the 

Scottish Rifles, had from the year 1859, been inti- 



.1 ; 








mately connected with tlie volunteer force of the 
province, and particidariy with tlie city corps. The 
battahon was ordered to wear mourning for six 
weeks. Colonel Laurie, Brigade Major, was appointed 
to the vacant position of 13. A. General. 

The battalion was inspected on Oct. 2nd, Captain 
Barron being appointed acting JVIajor. Col. Laurie, 
on assuming the position of Deputy Adjutant-Gen- 
eral, issued a <T:eneral order on October 11th, in which 
the active force was asked to cooperate w^th him 
in keeping up the clHciency and good record the 
volunteers and militia of the province had always 
maintained. During this year, Captain Ritchie and 
Quarter-Master Hayden were granted the honorary 
rardv of Major. 

In April, 187*3, the ritle busby was adopted as the 
head dress of the ])attalion, and was imported from 
England, the chaco up to this time having been worn. 
In June the battalion attended the funeral of the Hon. 
Jos. Howe, late Lieut.-Governor of the province. 
On July 1st, Capt. Cunnnins was appointed to act as 
Major. By a battalion order, dated July IGth, 1873, 
the arms and clothing of Company B., (Chebucto 
Greys) were called in, thus terminating the existence 
of another of the original companies of the battalion. 
The position of the Chebucto Gre3's was occupied by 
a new c 

ipany ph 


a * 

Vaughan. Surgeon Walsh, having resigned, Dr. 
Sinclair was elected Surgeon in his place, and by a 




resolution passed at tlio annual nicotine;', May 12tli, 
candidates for commissions in the battalion were 
required to be ballotted for at a meeting of the officers 
and to receive a two-thirds vote of those present before 
they would be recommended by the Commanding 

In August the battalion was inspected by His 
Excellency the Governor-General of Canada. By the 
resignation of Captains Barron and Piers at this time, 
the battalion lost two of the original officers of the 
force. Dr. Farrell also retiring, Dr. Fullerton was 
appointed Assistant Surgeon. By a general order, 
Major Geo. R. Anderson was given the brevet rank 
of Lieut.-Colonel, and soon after resigned. 

On the 15th of Augu^^t, Captain J. D. Cummins, 
and Captain and Brevet Major J. N. Ritcliie, were 
gazetted Majors. By another general order, the 
number of men allowed to drill having been reduced, 
the companies were cut down from fifty-five men to 
forty-two. This was a cause of great dissatisfaction 
in the force. The adjutant of the battalion, Lieut. 
McLeod, being on leave, Lieut. Mumford was appointed 
to act in his place. In May, 1875, the battalion 
celebrated H. M. Birthday by a review, and at a 
meeting held on the 28th of June, Dr. Campbell was 
appointed Sui'geon and Dr. Cameron Assistant Sur- 
s^eon, Drs. Fullerton and Sinclair havinii' resifjned. 
By a general order, dated loth August, 1875, Capt. 
J. D. Mackintosh was appointed Major. Major 





']'' I 

Ritcliio rcsuniiiii;- coiiunaiKl of No. 1 (Scottish Co). 
Tlie battalion was inspected, witli tlie city brigade, by 
Colonel Laurie, on October 8tli, the whole force 
taking part in a review and sham - fight, twenty 
rounds per man being served out. 

In February, 1S7G, ^bijor Barron died ; although 
he had retired from the active force, the city brigade 
attended his funeral, his long connection with the 
volunteer and militia service having secured him a 
host of friends in their ranks. Lieut and Adjutant 
McLood having left Halifax in July, Lieut. J. H. 
Anderson was appointed acting Adjutant, nnd Major 
Ritchie was granted the honorary rank uf Lieut.- 
Colonel, and in September following, Capt. Mumford 
was appointed A<ljutant. The ])attalion was inspected 
by the ])eputy AdjataiU-General on November 7th. 
The inspection took place in the evening at the drill 
room. In the spring of 1S77, owing to a reduction of 
the amount granted for drill, only four companies of 
the G3rd -ire allowed pay, the other two companies, 
howev' .c part in all the battalion parades without 


A.. August, Major Kaj^den, Paymaster, resigned, 
after serving in the battalion from its formation. 
Quarter-Master J. Scott Mitchell receiving the vacant 
position, Sergt. - Instructor J. G. Corbin being 
appointed Quarter- Master. 

DifHculty was experienced during this year in 
collecting' the band dues from some of the officers 



and conipaniL'S. Owing to disputes as to tlic amount 
of service given l>y tlic band to the battalion somo 
of the oflicers had declined paj'ing towards its sup- 
port, but a special connnittec was appointed to adjust 
the dispute, and the matter was arranged. 

The })attalion was inspected on October 12th by 
the Deputy Adjutant-General, Colonel Laurie. In 
March, 1878, the battalion paraded at the funeral of 
Sir Wm. O'Grady Haley, Commanding the troops 
ill garrison. On the 15tli IMarch, Captain and 
Urevet Lieut.-Colonel J. N. Kitchie retired, after 
having taken a most active and })rominent part in tlie 
working of the battalion. His services were particu- 
larly valuable during the Fenian raids, when the 
Ijattalion was doing garrison duty, the Adjutant, 
Capt. Anderson, being at that time absent on leave. 
The announcement of Lieut.-Colonel Ritchie's resig- 
nation was received with general regret by the whole 




1i :■;!' 

i 1. I' 




Visit of the Governor-General. — Death of Major Cummins. 
Resignation . Colonel Pallister. — Classification of 
non-commissioned officers. — sciiool of instruction. — 
Helmets. — Crossbelt Ornaments. 

IN November, H. R. H. Princess Louise and His 
Excellency the Marquis of Lome, landed in 
Halifax, and the battalion paraded at their 
reception and also furnished a guard of honor at the 
railway station on their departure for Ottawa. The 
battalion was inspected by the Deputy Adjutant- 
General on December 11th. On the 12tli December, 
the battalion lost by death Major J. D. Cummins, who 
was buried with military honors. Major Cummins 
was one of the most active of the staff officers, and 
his loss was generally regretted. By a general order 
dated February 7th, Captain Wm. McKerron was 
appointed Major. 

On the 24th May the usual review and sham-fight 
took place,the regulartroops in the garrison also taking 
part. General Sir Patrick JMcDougall, who was in com- 
mand, was so well pleased at tlic manner in wdiich 
the city brigade turned out and the steadiness and 
soldierly manner in which the movements were per- 
formed, that he wrote to the General Commanding 
the Militia at Ottawa, a very complimentary letter, 


I ' t 



expressing his pleasure and gratification at the 
efficiency of the brigade. 

In June, 1879, Major J. D. Mackintosh was 
promoted to the command of tlie battalion, vice Col. 
Pallister, who retired. Col. Pallister had joined the 
battalion in 1862, when in command of the Dartmouth 
Engineers, and had taken an active part in all its 
movements. Althoui:>"h retired from the command, 
Col. Pallister still retains his rank and is considered 
a member of tlie battalion. 

The regular inspection by the Deputy Adjutant- 
General, took place on Octolicr 22nd, the regular 
troops were present and took part in the review. One 
of the improvements now introduced was the proper 
classification of the non-commissioned oflicers and, by 
a battalion order dated June 1st, 1880, their dates of 
appointment and seniority was fixed ; the oldest 
non-commissioned ofiicer being Scrgt. Taple, May- 
flower Company, he having been appointed sergeant 
December 31st, 18G7. A school of instruction was 
also established, and all non-commissioned oflricers 
required to obtain a third-class certificate. 

At a meeting of the officers, held in January, 1880, 
it was decided to form a" Battalion Rifie Association," 
the numerous rifle matches emj^nfi'iMl in necessitatinf]f 
an organization of this kind. The question of 
clothing was also brought up, and it was decided to 
adopt the regulation pattern helmet. A committee 
was appointed to select a proper badge for the front 

r ^ 



1 ■ 






1 !'i''^: 

■■ 1 1 ' 


Ji ''' 

of the helmets, and also an ornament for the officers 

Some curious incidents grew out of the decision to 
adopt a new badge. Tlie design liaving to be approved 
of by the officer commanding the militia of Canada, 
quite a voluminous correspondence took place. The 
first design, a Maltese cross, was rejected by this 
official on the curious plea that the arms of the cross 
were intended to bu inscribed w^ith the name of the 
actions the battalion would be engaged in, and as the 
G8rd were not likcJ} ever to be in action, the design 
was not suitable. Another design submitted was 
rejected for an equally weighty reason, and the 
gallant general intimated that tliere was not talent 
enough in the corps to get up a proper design, and 
tiiat he would himself furnish a badge and motto. 
This was nut very llattering to the C3rd. As the 
design proposed consisted of a mixture of the pro- 
vincial and city arms, with a codfish as the principal 
ornament, and the motto " E Marl Merceti," (by the 
sea we live) it was not considered by the officers 
quite suitable for a rille corps, in fact, under ordinary 
circumstances, it would be supposed the official in 
question was pei'petrating a joke, but it was a matter 
of notoriety that he was not at all humorous — in 
fact quite the revei'se. The whole business showed 
what a large amount of trouble could be made about 
a triile, the correspondence extending over six months, 
when a few minutes could liave settled the matter. 




As the fjonerars desiiin for a badii'c would have made 
the battalion the laughing stock of the whole force, 
and as his accompan^'ini^' it intimated that if 
it was not accepted the Governor-Ceneral would bo 
called upon to enforce the wishes of the writer, the 
officers had the design of a ])adge and motto forwarded 
to headquarters with a request to have it laid before 
His Excellency for approval. This had the desired 
effect, and a description of the present badge and 
motto w^as published in general orders, the motto 
" Cede Null is" being adopted. 

In February, on the arrival of II. R. H. Princess 
Louise, the G3rd furnislied a guard of honor, and also 
at the opening and closing of the House of Assembly. 
The officers also attended the funeral of Col. Lovel, 
C. B., commanding Royal Engineers, who was buried 
on April 24th, and the usual parade and review with 
the regular troops was held on the (Queen's ]]ii"thday. 

On August 20tli, IS.SO, bj- a general order, Capt. 
Thos. J. Walsh was appointed Major. Tlui annual 
inspection by the ])eputy Adjutant (Jeneral took place 
on Octol)er lOth. ])uring the winter of I(SSI, a pro- 
posal was made to adopt a fur trinuned overcoat for 
the winter uniform .f the officers, and a committee 
was appointed and decided on a suitable style and 
obtained estimatey as to the cost, etc., but at a special 
meeting, called for the purp(jse, it was (lecidi.<l not to 
chanLi'e the reuulation overcoat then in use. 



CirxVPTKli IX. 

Review at Sussex, N. B.— Death of Adjutant Mumford.— 
LiXGAN Riot. — Detachment oudered for Duty. — Presen- 
tation TO Bandmaster Blackman. 

' • 

ON June 30th, 1881, tlio battalion proceeded by 
train to Sussex, N. B,, and took part in a 
review and sliam-figlit held tlH3re on July 1st, 
in the presence of the ]\Iarquis of Lornc, General 
Luard and others. The battalion paraded in heavy 
marching order with £;reat coats sti'apped, and two 
days rations. Althougli on the train all nio-ht, the 
men turned out at Sussex in Hrst class order, and 
both on their appearance and drill were highly coin- 
mended. The ofhcei's of tlio battalion were enter- 
tained by Colonel Blair and ofHcers of the 78th, then 
in camp. On July 4th, tlie battalion attended another 
review and sham-h'ght on Halifax Connnon, the 
regular troops also taking part. Tlie Manjuis of 
Lome, General Luard (comnianding the Canadian 
Militia), the Honorable the Minister of Militia, and 
many other officials witnessed the proceedings. 

The annual inspection took phice on September 
29th, the proceedings included a review in which the 
regular troops took part. The Adjutant of the 
battalion, Capt. J. M. Mumford, died suddenly on 




December He had been appointed in September, 
1S7G, and was a painstaking- and efficient officer. His 
sudden death was a shock to his comi-ades, especially 
the shooting officers, with whom he was a great 
favorite. He was buried with full military honors, 
and at a meeting of the officers a letter of condolence 
was addressed to his family. The usual mourning 
was worn for three months. The G3rd furnished a 
guard of honor at the opening of the House of 
Assembly on January lOfh, 18S2, and on February 
Srd, by a general or'lei', Lieut. J. N. Crane, w^as 
appointed Adjutaru, with the rank of Captain. The 
Battalion Rifle Association held its prize meeting on 
September 20th, at Bedford range. A good prize list 
was offered and the meeting was a success. In 
October the battalion paraded at the funeral of Major 
Reeves, G()th Regiment, and, on November 18th, was 
inspected by the ])» puty A<]jutant General. 

In March, l<SSo,owini>- to a disturbance amono," the 
miners at Lingan, Cap(^ Breton, and a demand having 
been made foi militarv protection by the authorities 
of that place, orders were issued for a detachment of 
100 men from the G3rd to proceed there. Although 
the orders were only received at noon, by two o'clock 
the requisite number were on parade, but, pending 
further instructions, were not forwarded. The authori- 
ties having decided to send a detachment composed 
of equal numbers from the G']rd, GGth, and Garrison 
Artillery, foi*ty-three non-connnissioned officers and 


I t 



i ill' 

'I I 

men, under command of Captain Egan, with Lieuts. 
Twinin<j[ and Silver, were ordered for duty. Owing 
to the difficulty of o-ctting transport to the mines, the 
detachment, after being under arms for three days, 
was relieved from duty, the riots having been in 
the meantime quelled by the local authorities. In 
April the battalion furnished a guard of honor at the 
closing of the House of Assembly. By a general order, 
dated July 20th, 1883, Captain Thos. J. Egan was 
appointed Major, vice McKerron, who had resigned. 
On September l.jth, the annual matches of the 
Battalion Ritle Association took place at Bedford 
rano-e. As usual the matches were well attended. 
On November Lst, the inspection by the Deputy 
Adjutant General took place, but, owing to the unfavor- 
able state of the weather, no review was held. On 
the 15th, Surgeon Cameron resigned. In April, 1884, 
the usual guard was furnished at the closing of the 
House of Assembh', and in June the battalion lost by 
death, Lieut. J)avison, an officer in No. G company ; 
he Avas buried with military honors. A presentation 
was this year made by the officers of the battalion to 
Bandmaster Blackman, who had, for twenty years, 
been in charge of th.c band. The presentation, which 
took place at a dinner given to Mr. Blackman by the 
members of the band, was accompanied l)y an address. 
The annual matclics of the Battalion Rifle Association 
took place on September 17th, at the Bedford range, 
the officers of the battalion being entertaincl by 


{'■ :< I 



Col. Mackintosh on the ground. On September 29th 
the battalion was inspected, with the 1st Brigade 
Garrison Artillery and 66th Regiment, by General 
Middleton,commanding the Militia of Canada. Twenty 
rounds blank cartridge per man was served out, and a 
review and sham-fio-ht held. On the 13th October a 
fjuard of honor was furnished at cjovernment house 
on the occasion of a visit by the Governor-General 
and Marchioness of Lansdowne. 





iliiiiiii ' I 


TiiK JoiTRNKV. — Arrive at Swift Currknt. — Tin-: Battalion 
DiviDKi). — SasivAtciikwax Laxihno. —Moose Jaw.— Fatigue 
Work — Returx to Halifax. 

/T\HE year 1885 was an important one intlie history 
I of the G3rd. The account of tlie dissatisfaction 
and disturbance in the North-West were not 
considered by tlie people of Nova Scotia of any 
serious consequence, and the startling rumors that 
were occasionally received from that part of the 
Dominion were looked upon more as the result of 
political schemes than as the signs of any actual 
outbreak amono- the half-breeds. But about the end 
of March it was found that force would have to be 
used to suppress the rising, and that the active militia 
would be used to support the mounted police. On 
the 1st of April the GGth Regiment, P. L. F., was 
ordered out for active service in tlie North-West. 
The reason this, the junior regiment in the city, was 
selected, has never been made ])ublic, but there is no 
doubt that political influence had something to do 
with it. It was found however, after a few days, 
advisable to cancel the order of tl e 1st, and on the 
3rd of April a provisional battalion, composed of 

i 'III I 



IS no 

dotacliments from tlic 1st Carrison Artillery, GSrd 
Ritles, and tlic GGth Princess Lonisc Fusiliers, was 
ordered out for duty. 

This order was received l)y Colonel Mackintosh at 
noon on Good Friday, the *>rd inst. At two o'clock 
the Colonel and the Majors met in the armory and 
selected the officers for duty with the detachment, 
and orders for a battalion parade were issued. The 
lattalion paraded on Saturday, the 4th, with full 
ranks, the men fi'om each company were told oft' 
for duty, and the detachment, of one Held officer, the 
Quartermaster, nine company offiicers, and one hundi'ed 
non-comndssioned officers and men, stood on parade 
waiting medical inspection. This inspection was, 
however, postponed until Monday afternoon when it 
took place, and the detachment was transferred to the 
provisional battalion. The promptness shown on this 
occasion fully sustained all previous records of the 
G8rd. As orders to embark were not received at 
once, the provisional battalion was kept under arms 
until the 11th inst., when it embarked on the 
Intercolonial train for the North-West. An innnense 
demonstration took place on the departure of the 
regiment. The O'Jid detachment was under Major 
Thomas J. Walsh, witli Captains Fortune, Hechler 
and Cunningham ; Lieuts. Twining, Silver, McKie, 
Fletcher, James and Fiske, and Quartei'master Corbin. 
Although the call for duty was quite unexpected, and 
the rank and file of the battalion was composed of 





IWrf; :>:*Wi("firVT.! 


k ri 

';!l I 





men in c^ood circnnistfincos jiinl .stca<ly employment, 
no difficult}' was incun-ol in selecting' the men 
required, every man of the eoHtiiii;'ent beiiiL;' a bona 
fide member of the corps. When the call was made 
no recruiting was required. The different companies 
furnished the following quotas : — 







1, Scottish 1 





2, Mayflowers . 2 





3, 2nd Scottish. . 8 





4, Halifax Eifles 2 





5, Halifax Rifles 1 











The senior major, Thos. J. Walsh, was in command, 
and Capt. J. G. Corbin, Quartermaster of the CSrd, 
went with the provisional battalion in the same 

The men experienced considerable hardship on the 
way to the North-AVest. The Canada Pacific Railwa}' 
not being complete the men had to march over some 
of the gaps between the completed sections of the 
railway, and over others were carried in teams. One 
of those marclies will long be remembered l»y those 
who took part in it. The I'oute lay across an arm or 
inlet of Lake Superior, and the distance, twenty-five 
miles on the ice, was done on foot. As the ice was 
covered with snow and slush, a foot deep in many 



places, the spirit and endurance of the men was 
remarkable. One only succumbed to the unusual 
exposure, Private Marwick, of No. 6. He was buried 
with military honors at Winnipei;*, where the pro- 
visional battalion ai'rivLMl on the 22n(l. The G8rd 
part of the provisional battalion was formed into 
three companies, Capt. Hechlei', with Lieuts. Silver and 
James, buinij appointed to No. G ; Capt. Cunningham, 
and Liuuts. Twining and jVIcKio, to No. 7; and Capt. 
Fortune, with Licuts. Fletcher and Fiske, to No. 8, — 
the provisional battalion consisting of that number 
of companies. After a delay of a few days at Winni- 
peg, the battalion moved on to the scene of action, 
and arriverl at Swift Current, a station on the Canada 
Pacific Railway, a f(.'w days later. As this was the 
nearest station on the line of railway to the scene of 
operations, the provisional battalion was stationed 
here for some time and was constantly drilling. It 
being found necessary, for the purpose of protecting 
certain points, to divide the regiment, the GGth portion 
was forwarded to Medicine Hat, a town on the Canada 
Pacific Railway, further west than Swift Current, 
and Capts. Hechler and Cunningham's companies, 
under Major Walsh, were sent to Saskatchewan 
Landin;^. ^ P^"^t on the Saskatchewan River about 
thirty -five miles from Swift Current, on the route by 
which supplies were forwarded to the troops engaged 
with the enemy. The march of thii'ty-live miles was 
made without any mishap by the two companies, and 





they resumed drill under Major Walsh. On the 22nd 
May, Capt. Fortune's company, and the balance of the 
battalion ai Swift Current, were removed to Moose 
Jaw, a station about loO miles east of Swift Current. 

The two companies at Saskatchewan Landing 
had, in addition to a course of drill, considerable 
fatigue duty to perform. All the stores going forward 
had to be ferried across the river, this had to be done 
by means of scows, and the labour of loading and 
working this ferry occupied a large portion of the 
time of the G3rd detachment. The three companies 
were united at Moose Jaw on the l(Sth June, and on 
July 9th the provisional battalion left for home. 
The towns through which the battalion passed gave 
it an enthusiastic reception, and it arrived home on 
July 24th, being received by the city brigade and 
escorted to the drill frrounds. 









Reckption of tiik I'kovision'.u, Battalion'. — Standino Oroers 
Rkviskd. — Band and Ordkkly Room. — Thkatrical I'er- 


Medals Presented. 

/piHE headquarters of the battalion drilled as usual 
during the absence of tlie detachment under 
Major Walsh on service. On April 24th Dr. 
Cogswell was appointed Assistant Surgeon, vice 
Cameron, who had resigned. On July 24th the 
battalion, with the city bi-igade, paraded to receive 
the provisional battalion, whicli ai-rived by train; an 
immense concourse of c'tlzens attending the reception, 
and a dinner beino- jjiven at the Exhibition Buildino;. 
A few days later the provisional battalion having 
been relieved from duty, the G3rd contingent rejoined 
their battalion. On the 8th October the Battalion 
Rifle Association held its sixth annual prize meeting. 
On November 11th the battalion inspection took place, 
but, owing to the unfavorable state of the weather, 
there was no review, the inspection taking place at 
the drill grounds. 

A special meeting of the ofllcers was held on 
February 5th, 188G, to consider the revised standing 
orders of the battalion, a committee having the revi- 



I! I: 


sion of the rules of tlie battalion in hand for some 
time had concluded their labors and the result was 
submitted for the approval of the ofHcers. Having 
been read and approved of, with some slight altera- 
tion, the}" were ordered to be sent to headquarters for 
the sanction of tlie Connnander-in-Chief. This was 
the first meeting of the olHcers in their new orderly- 
room. Considerable inconvenience had been experi- 
enced by the want of a proper band, orderly and store 
rooni for tlie 1>attalion, and the Halifax Field Battery 
having been disbanded, the building used by them 
as a gun shed was handed over to the battalion by 
the militia department and converted into a band 
room, quarterinastei-s store room, and otlicers orderly 
room. The latter- was found most con\'enient, and 
beinix nicely hnislnMl and furnisheil, was used for all 
meetinu's. The battalion also erected two buildinii's on 
Bedfoi'd ranu'e, one foi' the commissioned othcers, the 
other for the non-conunissioned officers an<l men, such 
buildings being found almost indispensable during 
the numerous matches in which the battalion was 
cno'ao-e<l. In Ai)ril a nuisical and theatrical enter- 
tainment, to raise funds to build a regimental club 
room, was hehl l>y the meml)ers of the battalion at 
the Academy of Music. The performance, which 
depicted scenes of camp life in the North-West 
Campaign, was a great success, the sum of four 
hundred and nine dollars, over expenses, being realized. 
The battalion furnished the usual u'uard at the 




opoiiini;- of tlio IIoiiso of A^^scinlily, aii<l on tlio aiiiii- 
versaiy of tlic dcpartiu'c of tlic pi'oxisional ltatt;ilioii, 
11th April, a liri^adcMliinicr was i;i\'('n at tliu Halifax 
Hotel, Gwieral Lord Ivusscl, and all the principal 
militia officeis, ^yv\\^ in\ited. 

On tlic 24tli iMay a review and sliani-figlit of 
all the troops, both reg'ular and militia, was held 
on the common, after which the medals for the 
North- West service were presented on the CJrand 
Parade by General Lord Rnssel. On October 21st, 
18(S0, the battalion was inspected by the Deputy 
Adjutant General. At a meeting of the ofhcers, held 
19th December, l.SSG, it was decided to chanu'c the 
name of the battalion from ()-"h'd lUittalion of Rifles 
to "Halifax Rifles." After somh opposition, the motion 
to change the name was adopted. 

In April, LSS7, the usual guard was furnished on 
the closing of the House of Assend)ly. ( )n June 10th 
the Battalion RilKwVssociation h(>ld its competitions at 
Bedford I'ille range. This match had previously been 
held in the fall, and at a season of tlu^ year that was 
most inconvenient. 

On the 21st of June the celebration of the Queen's 
Jubilee took place in Halifax, tlie city brigade, with 
H. M. ti'oops, taking a prominent part in the proceed- 
ings, a grand review, ending with a " Feit <Ie joif," 
being one of the mo ' \ttracti\-e features. On July 
19th the battalion proceeded to JJedJ'urd range for the 
regular target practice. Hitherto the target practice 



had been performed by companies, but on this occasion 
the whole battalion, headed by tlie band, marched to 
the depot, and proceeded by train to Bedford. The 
new arrangements were foimd most satisfactory. 
On September 14th the battalion was inspected by 
Maior-General Middleton and, after tlie review, the 
officers entertained the General and other officers at 
lunch in the orderly room. 


I 'ilk 




Composition of tiik Battalion'. — Company Oroanization. — 
Advantages of tiik System. —Recruit Drill. — School of 
Instruction.— Absence of Ex-Military j\Ien. — Effect of 
Regular Troops in Garrison. — Former Memuers of the 

OWING to the battalion being composed of 
companies that were originally independent of 
each other, a friendly rivalry has always 
existed between them. Each company has its own 
organization ; some of the companies still retaining 
their original national character. The companies also 
elect their members, thus being associated only with 
sucli conu'ades as thoy approve of. The company 
officers are also generally appointed to the companies 
in which they had previously served ; the battalion 
very rarely going outside to till vacancies. All the 
statt' and nearly all the company officers have 
served in the ranks. The system of company organi- 
zation helps to keep the men together, and the electing 
of members insures a better class in the ranks than 
could otherwise be secured. Under the militia 
regulations those privileges are not recognized, but all 
changes being subject to the approval of the com- 



iiiandiiig oflicer, tlicy are not ullowod to clash with 
the estabUslied Uiws. The systoin of company organi- 
zation has l)ecn found of groat use when any sudden 
call was made for the service of the battalion, as each 
man's residence, occupation, and other circumstances 
are known an<l he can always he found, and the 
company meetings during the winter season, when 
drill is suspended, help to keep the men in hand. 
This was fully shown at the time wlien a call was 
made in March, 1HH-], before the battalion was 
mustered for drill. In a few hours after orders were 
received the (h'tachment was ready. Again, in April, 
1885, on the call for service in the North-West, the 
battalion had not to ask for a single man outside tlio 
corps, a record which can not likely be shown by 
many regiments called out for duty under similar 

For some years past a sj^stem of drill has been 
organized, any man joining being required to attend 
twelve recruit drills Ixd'oi'c musterinij' with his 
company, and a school for the instruction ot non-com- 
nussioned officers, under the adjutant, is opened every 
spring before the regular drill season; every candidate 
for promotion being re([uired to obtain a certificate 
of proiJciency before this promotion is confirmed. 

Another feature of the (i'lrd is the almost entire 
absence of ex-militarv mi'u from its ranks, two or 
three only being meml)ers of the battalion. This 



will surprise some, as tlie impression seems general in 






militia circles in other parts of the Dominion that 
great advantages are derived from corps being in a 
city garrisoned by regular troops, but unfortunately 
this is not the case, as long experience has proven. 
Professionals, \vhether in military matters or in 
cricket or base-ball matches, do not look on those who 
serve either for honor or pleasure, with a kindly eye, 
and although the luipcrial troops in Halifax have 
ever been friendly to the local forces, there has not 
for years been any cordiality or fi-aternal feeling 
between them. 

The battalion has had in its ranks many v/ho have 
since taken a high position in the world, both at home 
and abroad. Besides the many commanding officers 
of other regiments of the active militia who have 
served in the ranks and taken their first lessons in 
drill in this corps, many gentlemen who now hold 
prominent positions have been proud to call them- 
selves members of the various companies that 
originally formed the Halifax Volunteer Battalion. 
Within the writer's recollection six colonels of other 
city corps, three judges and many well-known poli- 
ticians, several mend)ers of ]mrliament — including two 
cabinet ministers, and many prominent citizens have 
been active members. One of the privates of the 
Greys is now a colonel in the Imperial service, another 
is consul-general and a most prominent statesman in 
the service of the English government. 


i : 


The staff of tlic l)attalion to the present luis been as 
follows: — 

Ccqifa'ni, Commandhuj : 

Date of Commission. 

William Cheaniley ...... May 15, 1S60. 

Colonel : 
Sir William Feuwick Williams Nov. 6, 1S60. 

Lieut. -Colonels : 

William Chearnley June 20, 1865. 

Andrew K. Mackinlay June 27, 1870. 

Wm. H. I'allister July 8, 1870. 

John D. MacUintosii Jan. 27, 1870. 

Jlajors : 
Andrew K. ]\Iackinlay June 27, 1865. 

Wm. H. Tallistcr July 3, 18G5. 

CJeoi'ge II. Anderson Feb. 10, 1871. 

Wm. Barron Oct. 2, 1872. 

John D. Cummins Aug. 15, 1874. 

J. N. Ritchie < n « 

John D. Mackintosh July 15, 1875. 

Wm. McKerron Feb. 7, 1870. 

Thos. J. Walsh Aug. 20, 1880. 

Thos. J. Egan July 20, 1888. 

Adjittanis : 

Capt. George U. Anderson Sep. 5, 1S6.S. 

Lieut. Douglas McLeod Jan. 19, 1867. 

— , Capt. James M. Mumford 8ep. 25, 1876. 

M James Noble Crane Fel). .3, 1882. 

Puymaxtfrs : 
Patrick Hayden May 30, 1870. 

J. Scott Mitchell Aug. 6, 1877. 

Quniicrmasfcrs : 
Patrick ETayden .)cc. 11, 1886. 

J. Scott Mitchell Jan. 13, 1870. 

John G. Gorbin Mar. 15, 1878. 



Surgeon- Major : 

Date of Commission. 

VV. H. Diivks Juno 'JO, 1805. 

Surtjeons : 

John Sliiytcr Juno 20, lS6o. 

J. B. Carvie Aug. 20, 1SG8. 

Thos. Walsh Mar. 30, 1870. 

Geo. L. Sinchiir July 16, 1873. 

D. A. Camp1)ell June 28, 187'). 

Wni. M. Cameron Nov. 15, 1883. 

A^'is'tfitaiif Sur(/eons : 

Thos. Walsh Aug. 20, 1868. 

Edward Farrell Mar. 30, 1 870. 

W. S. Fullerton Aug. 15, 1873. 

\Vm. M. Cameron : Tune 28, 1875. 

A. W. Cogswell Ap'l 24, 1885. 

Captains Commandlntj Companks : 

R. Bligh Sinclar Dec. 13, 1859. 

William Chearnley n 15, n 

F. Traunweizer h 19, n 

Peter Bulger Jan. 9, 186(?. 

Thos. E. Kenny 13, >. 

David Faulkner JNIay 2, 1860. 

Andrew K. Mackinlay July 14, n 

George Eraser June 14, 1661. 

Wm. H. Pallister Nov. 4, „ 

Wm. Barron Jan. 10, 1865. 

George Piers June 20, n 

Cuthbert C. Vaux ,1 uly 10, i 

John 8. McLean n n n 

W. S. Symonds . . n m h 

James Mullowney Jan. 15, 1869. 

J. Norman Ritchie Feb. 4, 1870. 

John M. Hay 17,1871, 

W. D. Harrington n t. n 

John D. ^Mackintosh Oct. 13, n 






Date of Commission. 

John Viuighan ; Aug. 22, IS73. 

Win. McKoiTon n n n 

Tlios. J. Walsli Oct. 2;j, 1874. 

Berkley ]j. Bond , n n n 

Jas. M. Muniford July 15, 1875. 

Edmund Fultz Fel). 11, 1876. 

M. J. Power July 21, 1877. 

John Milsom Feb. 7, 1879. 

John Mclnnis n 8, n 

Thos. J. Egau Aug. 21, 1880. 

William Bishop Feb. 12, 1881. 

James Fortune n n n 

Henry Hechler m h h 

A. G. Cunningham Aug. 6, w 

James Mackay Dec. 16, n 

John T. iMeaglier Aug. 15, 18S4. 

John T. Twining, Jr Jan. 8, 1886. 

William J. Butler Feb. 4, 1887. 

iS I. ■Ill 


\ m 



Major : 

Thomas J. Walsh. 

Quarter-Master : 
Capt. John C. Corbin. 

Captahi^ : 

James Fortune, Henry Hechler, 

A. G. Cunningluun. 

Lknti-nant'i : 
John Tremain Twining, Harold St. C. Silver, 

Crawford J. McKie, Charles R. L'letcher, 

Thomas C. James, Cyrus K. Fiske. 




A. (!. Kaizcr, 
Louis Dixon, 

Charles Tol)in, 
II. M. Oldliani, 


John Conrod, 
U. C. Mumford, 
Henry lleynakls, 
M. F. Cullen, 

Lostfonl Vr'oolrich. 

M. Keefe, 
William Myers, 
H. P. Bezanson, 
Edward B, Hunter, 
John Cunningluim, 
T. Sampson, 

Corporals : 

W. C. Stirling, 
R. B. Elliot, 
Fred. ]\. Brown, 
Robert Dalrymple, 
Edward O'Donnell, 
Charles Watcrfield. 

Lance -Corporah : 
W. A. Emmcrson, John S. Chishohn, 

C. S. Pickford, 
J. S. McKay, 
P. Humphrey, 
A. W. Hcsson, 

Charles W. Gibson, 
Edward Monaghan, 
James (^lorman, 
Edward Sullivan, 

W. J. Hoare. 

Prlra(e>^ : 
John Patterson, (piper), 
Charles S. Cameron, 
James S Creighton, 
E. E. Harris, 
W. A. Mott, 
Andrew Muir, 
Charles N. Mumford, 
R. H. Muunis, 
Robert Taple, 
Douglas Woods, 
John A, Watt, 
C. W. Kelly, (bugler), 
David Gray, 
John Sullivan, 
Herman J. A. Vogle, 

T. L. Frr 


Louis J. Mylius, 
Clifford W. liomans, 
Fred'k H. Theakston, 
George Burgey, 
Donald (Jormley, 
John Mackintosh, 
W. D. C. Spike, 
E. P. Story, 
S. B. Wollavd, 
Herbert Andrews, 
A. E. Bateman, 
John Earle, 
Henry Quirk, 
Charles B. Naylor, 

r ii i iiMI 



Henry Woods, 
David Romans, 
Dennis Taafe, (bugler) 
E. M. Studd, (bugler) 
Richard IJIackniore, Jr., 
John H. lirou'n, 
Harry E. Fraser, 
Wallace H. Fraser, 
Charles Munro, 
Hugh MacNab, 
William H. Pentz, 
E. W. SutcliiTe, 
James Fraser, Jr., 
Frcd'k E. Halls, 
Charles W. McLeod, 
Rupert Shaw, 
James Ross, 
Stanley H. Romans, 
Henry lilackwood, 

Richard Schrage, 
Frank A. Bayer, 
James F. Donohoe, 
George Laurie, 
William Monaghan, 
J. T. McKenzie, 
Thomas O'Donnell, 
John O'Neill, 
Arthur Peveril, 
Frederick Marwick, 
William Anderson, 
Charles Harris, 
William Kennedy, 
Arthur A. Michener, 
James Shrum, 
.John Conrod, 
Thomas Brackett, 
Peter Fleming, 
H. E. Hughes. 



An eight pointed star (fluted). The regimental number 63 at 
upper point, -with the words " Halifax Rifles" on a ribbon attached. 
From the Regimental number a Bugle suspended by cords and 
tassels. In the circle of the Bugle a Maple Leaf l^earing the word 
" Canada." 

Motto: "Cede Nullls" on a ribbon interlaced with bow of 
bugle cord. 

The whole surmounted with the " Royal Crown." 

J at 


Ghebugto Greys. 1861 


•■; -A. 


•X .* 


• 9, 



mil.. I 

riCOTCHMEN arc seldom boliiii.l tlicir fellow- 
\^ citizens in puldic spirit, and tlio Scotchmen of 
Halifax were the first to make nn organized 
attempt to form a volunteer rith; company in tlieir 
adopted home. A roll of Scotchmen and the descend- 
ants of Scotchmen, williiiii; to Itecome mend)ei's, was 
left at the oflice of McLean, Oamphdl & Company for 
signature, in Noveniher, IS.'iO; and on the I.Sth of 
December a meeting was held in Mason Hall, for the 
purpose of organizing, Wm. ]]. Smellie being in the 
chair, and Donald Koss acting as secretary. The 
name adopte(l was The Scuttisii Volunteer Rifle 
Company ok Halikax. M(!mbership was confined 
to Scotchmen and their descendants. 

The comp; .ly elected U. Jiligh Sinclair, (late of 
H. U. 42nd Highlanders) Captain, and \V. B. Smellie, 
J. B. Campbell, J. N. Ritcliie, Wm. Murray and Peter 
Jack, a Coimnittee to prepare rules for the company, 
and perfect arrangements for its organization. Lieut. 
Reade, G2nd Regiment, was introduced to the meet- 
ing, and deliverea a very interesting address on the 




rifle and rifle practice. The company decided to drill 
on Monday, Wednesday and Friday ev'^enings, the hall 
over Nash's auction rooms being hired for that purpose. 

At a meeting of the company, held on the 18th of 
January, 18G0, the rules and hy-laws having been 
approved of by the Commander-in-Chief, were signed 
by the members of the company, to the number of 
eighty-five, and it was decided that no member would 
be received until he had signed his name to the rules 
and re<]:ulations. At this meetino- in accordance with 
one of the rules of the company, a committee of 
management for the year was elected ; consisting of 
Captain Sinclair, John S. Maclean, William Murray, 
J. N. Ritchie and J. J. Bremner. Mr. Alexander 
Doull was elected Treasurer, Mr. ])onald Ross, Secre- 
taiy ; and Mr. David Hood, Sei'geant, of the Scottish 
Rifles. On the 2.'h'd of January the company met for 
the all-important business of electing commissioned 
officers, when Andrew Iv. Mackinlay was elected First 
Lieutenant, R.G.Halliburton and Wm. Murray, Second 
Lieutenants ; and Dr. Davies, Suigeon, of the company. 
The Hon. Wm. Young, Hon. Alex. Keith, William 
Murdock, John Esson, Peter Ross, James Scott, John 
Doull, George McKenzie and Capt. Taylor were elected 
honorary members. It was also decided to offer the 
services of the company to the citizens of Halifax in 
extinguishing fires in any of the wards of the city. As 
it would be some time before the company could be 
supplied with a full dress uniform, it was suggested 



tliat an undress jacket and Scotch bonnet be procured, 
to be worn at all drills. AlthouMi this motion was 
carried there was consideral)le opposition on the plea 
of expense, and at a subsefjuent uieetin^:; it was 
abandoned, the conipany resolving* to drill in plain 
clothes, with Scotch bonnet. 

The list of honorary members of the Scottish 
Rifles shows that the movement received the cordial 
support of the Scotchmen of the city who, from age 
or business cares, were unable to join the ranks as 
active members. At a meeting held on January 30th, 
in addition to those already mentioned. Sir Brenton 
Halliburton, Hon. Alex. Stewart, C. B., and Messrs. 
Jas. Form an, J. C. Halliburton, Thos. Fenerty, Geo. 
Mitchell, Jas. Thomson, Andrew Mackinlay, Wm. 
Stairs, Chas. Robson, Jas. Donaldson, Geo. Esson, 
James Rhind, Alex. Prinn'ose, and Wm. S. Stirling were 
elected honorary members. The election of non- 
commissioned officers was the next step that occupied 
the attention of the company, nearly as much interest 
being taken in the matter as in the election of the 
commissioned officers. Serijeant Hood was made 
Sergeant-Major, and Messrs. W. Myers Gray, John 
Sinclair, J. N. Ritchie, and J. D. Wallace, Sergeants ; 
Sergeant Ritchie was afterwards made Q.uarter- 
]\Iaster Sergeant. Messrs. Halliburton, Geo. Anderson, 
and W. Myers Gray w^ere chosen as a connnittee to 
meet with conmiittees from other cit}' companies in 
reference to the selection of a suitable uniform. The 



coiinnanding officer, Capfc. Sinclaii', was also instructed 
to order at once, from liundred andtwcnty 
Prince C'liarlie bonnets to Ik; worn 1))' tlie members at 
driU. The unii'oi-m linally decided on by tlie Scottish 
Company was grey cloth with royal bhio pipini:^ on 
collar and sleeves, and belts of bi-own leatlier. Capt. 
Sinclair was instructed to order the clothinu'and belts 
from London, a set of Ija^'pipes, and also Hii^'hland suits 
for the pipers and buglei's. In ^[arch, Donald Koss, 
tlie Secietary of the company, resi^'ned his oOico, and 
Wm, Grant, Jr., was appointed in his place, a vote of 
thanks beinu' tendered to the retirinn" oillcial for his 
services. A fourtli commissioned ollicer bcini^ 
required, a meetinj^' was called i'oi' the purpose of 
electing one ; but, after several atteiiipts, a clear 
majority could not be obtainc*! for any one candidate 
and the matter was postponed. 

The formation of a volunteer band having been 
undertaken, and the Scottish Ilitles being refpiested 
to contribute towards its su[)port, Lieut. 11. G, 
Halliburton was selected to represent the company on 
the band committee. At a meetiim'. held March 28th, 
Geo. U. Andei'son, Es(|., was elected Second Lieutenant, 
and the lion. John Anderson with Messrs, John 
Gibson, John MeCulloch, li. J5. Seeton, and E. W. 
Ghipman w(Me ( lected hoiioraiy members. The 
Prince Charlie bomiet importetl for the company not 
beinf; satisfactory, it was abandoned as full divss, and 
a cap with diced Iwind and horse-liaii' plunu^ adopted, 



the bonnet, improved by tlie a<l<lition of Ijadge and 
feather, to be used as undress. 

At a nicetinn' of tlu.' coinpan_y lichi on tlic 14tli of 
May, the formation of tlie city volunteer companies 
into a battalion l)y t1ie Commandcjr-in-Cliief was 
announced, also that Capt. Sinclair had been promoted 
to the rank of biinitenant-C'olonel and ap])ointed 
Adjutant-General of jMilitia for the Province of Nova 
Scotia. The promotion of Captain Sinclaii' aftbrdcd 
l;'reat satisfaction to the members of the company, and 
Jjieut. Iballiburton, on their behalf, convej^cd to 
Colonel Sinclair an «'xprcssion of theii* feel in!:(s, to which 
Colonel Sinclair made a suitable reply. Althou<;-h not 
supplied with uniform, the Scottish turned out to a 
review on the Sth of .Juii(>, such of the members as 
had un(h'ess jackets wearinii' them — the balance in 
plain clothes, and all wearing- the Prince Charlie 
bonnet. The company mustei'e<l 27 file, exclusive of 
commissioned and non-commissioned otlicers. As His 
Poyal Highness the Pi-iuce of Wales was about to 
visit the province and the Scottish Rilles intended 
taking- part in his reception, spi^cial morning di'ills 
were held on the ConniKjn, i-oll being called at half- 
past six a. m. Colonel Sinclair having retired from 
the company, Lieut. Mack inlay was promoted to the 
connnand, and an attem])t was made to elect a second 
lie'utenant, but as no candiilate had a clear majority 
the matter was posti)one(l. ])uring this year Alex. 
Primrose, Esq., one of the honorary mendjers, presented 

TriTHT-n — r 



a medal to be fired for b}^ the Scottish Ritics. The 
company lield the first target practice at Point 
Pleasant, and went into camp for several daj^s. Owing 
to some act of insubordination one of the men was 
dismissed from the company and others were repri- 
manded, but, as it was the first oficnce of the kind 
in the organization, on an ample apology being- 
tendered, the punishment was connnuted to a fine. 
At a meeting held on July 24th, another attempt was 
made to elect a second lieutenant, but it again failed, 
the two candidates, Messrs. Gray and Harrington, 
being nearly a tie. The company was on duty during 
the visit of H. R. Highness the Prince of Wales, and 
supplied guards on several occasions, appearing in 
their new uniform, which had just been issued. 

In October the company decided to present a 
testimonial to Lieut. Reade, who had been the instruc- 
tor provided by the Goveriniient for tlie volunteers. 
The co-op(,'ration of the other city companies was asked 
by the Scottish, but, as they did not respond freely, 
the company decided to make the presentation on 
its own account. Tliis took place on June 2nd, ISGl, 
at tile Mechanics Institute room, the Chief Justice 
and a number of prominent citizens being present. 
A valuable gold watch and chain, suitably inscribed, 
was presented to Lieut. Reade, ^\ ho made a feeling 
acknowledgment. Speeches were made by the Hon. 
Wm. Young, Chief Justice, and others, and the pro- 
ceedings terminated with cheers for the Queen, the 



Cliiet' Justice and Lieut. Kcadc. The annual report 
presented at tlie Decend)er meeting, 18G0, showed the 
Scottish llities to he in a prosperous state. The chair- 
man of the managing conuiiittee, J. S. Maclean, Es(|., 
complimenting tlie members on the satisfactory state 
of their finances. At the January meeting a vote of 
thinks was passed to General TroUope for his many 
acts of kindness to the Scottish llities. At this meet- 
ing it was also decided that the officers of the company 
communicate with the lire-wardens of the city to 
make arrani^emcnts to assist at iires. The services of 
the company were also tendered to His Excellency 
the Conmiander-in-Chief as a L>uard of honor at the 
opening of the legislature. In March some little 
unpleasan'^ess occurred between the Scottish Rifles 
and the ^v^v '' •. "it-General. The members took excep- 
tion to the tone of a letter sent by Colonel Sinclair to 
Capt. ]\Iackinlay and resented some reflection on the 
discipline of the Scottish llilles. This opinion being 
conveyed to Colonel Sinelaii", by a lettei' from the 
Secretary, matters did not improve and, after some 
correspondence, Colonel Sinclair declined having any 
further communication with the company. A com- 
mittee was then appointed to w^ait on the Commander- 
in-Chief and lay the case before him. Before an 
interview could be arranged, however, his excellency 
expressed a wish that the matter should be allowed 
to drop. 



In March tlie North British Societ}' presented tlio 
Scottish Riiies with a silver medal to be fired for at 
their target practice. The sul)ject of uniform was 
discussed durino" the winter, and thou^'h many of the 
members were not satisfied with the one in use, it was 
decided, on a motion being made to that eflect, that 
no change take place during the current year. In 
August sixteen men were told off* to compete for the 
honor of representing the company at the competition 
for the British Association jMedal — 100 rounds of 
ammunition per man being allowed for practice. C. 
Caldwell and A. K. DouU were the fortunate winners 
of first and second places, Alfred Hutchings being 
next; the third man to be a representative of the 
company should eitlier of the others be unable to at- 
tend. The match took place in October and one of the 
company's representatives, Private C. Caldwell, took 
second prize, Earl IVlulgrave's Cup, Private Hutchins 
being the other marksman from the Scottish. The 
company having secured a I'ifie range at Fort Need- 
ham, every facility was aflbrded for practice and all 
company shooting took place on this range. 

At the annual meeting held in December, 18G1, 
the report of the committee of management showed 
the company to be in a wry satisfactory state. At 
this meeting Mr. Thomas xMowbra}^ was elected junior 
Corporal, and Mr. Grant, the Secretary, having left 
the city, Alexander Rae Garvie was appointed in his 





At a special mcetiiiu; hold in January, 1862, it 
was decided to adopt a now unifonii, of a dark color 
with plaid scarf, and to have the belts blackened to 
correspond, a sample uniform exhibited by Lieut. 
Anderson meeting' with general approval. The 
Commander-in-Chief did not, however, approve of 
the change, and re(iuested the company to reconsider 
the resolution. As all the other companies of the 
battalion had grey clothing he considered that one 
company clothed in dark would not be correct. At a 
special meeting a resolution confirming the choice of 
a dark uniform was passed, with a request to the 
Commander-in-Chief to sanction the chano-e, and it 
was decided that no furtlior change in the uniform of 
the company would take place during the term of ser- 
vice for which the members were enrolled. No further 
objection being made at head quarters the uniform 
was finally adopted. Lieut. Halliburton having 
resigned his commission, John S. McLean, Esq., who 
had taken an active part in all company affairs, was 
elected Lieutenant. A proposition was made to elect 
Sergt. W. Myers Gray Quartermaster, with the rank 
of Lieutenant, but Mr. Gray declined the appointment 
and resigned from the company. At a meeting held 
on the 11th of March, 18G2, Corpl. Romans was 
elected Sergeant in place of Gray and J. J. Bremner 
corporal, and Quartermaster-Sergeant Ritchie was 
elected Quartermaster, with the rank of Lieutenant. 

#!■ :■ 




At the next annual meeting (Deecniljer, iSGo) the 
subject of a series of lectures was brought up but 
abandoned. At this nu-cting Peter Jack was elected 
Secretary over Alex. Rae (jiarvie, and Corporal J. J. 
Brcmner was made Sero-eant. Sero-t. Sinclair havinf»: 
resigned as an active nieiid)er, was placed on the list 
of honorary members of tlie company. During 18G4 
several of the old members retired, and a proposition 
was brought up by the conmdttee of management 
that the company re-enroll for another term of service 
and that membership would not be confined to any 
nationality, providing other circumstances were satis- 
factory. Tlie members of tlie company decided to 
celel)rate the completion of tlieir first term of service 
by a dinner, and also voted the sum of twenty pounds 
as prizes for tlie best attendance at drill for the 
ensuing year. 

The compaii}' agreed to continue in the l)attalion 
provided it was allowed to wear the uniform 
then in use. Tlie regular target practice took place 
at the Fort Needliam range on the 21st of June. In 
passing the Wellinii'ton Bari-acks the o'uard did not 
return the company's salute, and tlie matter being 
reported, a suitable apology was received. Captain 
Mackinlay having been appointe<l Major of the bat- 
talion and Lieutenant Anderson, Adjutant, a meeting 
of the company was held on the 18th of July, 1805, 
for the purpose of filling the vacancies. Lieut. 
Murray having declined the command, Lieut. McLean 

I i 



was appointed Captain, and Quartermaster J. N. 
Ritclii(! and Sor^^t. \V. D. Harrini>ton were elected 
Lieutenants. At tliis nu^etiny Private J. D. Mackin- 
tosh was elected Corporal. At a meeting held in 
September Sergt. A. K. J)oull was made junior 
Lieutenant. The sum of forty dolhirs per annum 
was voted as the company's contribution to the sup- 
port of the band, provided tlie other companies of 
tlie battalion paid an e(|ual amount. In January, 
LSGG, the company enjoj^ed a sleigh-drive to Bedford 
— Fitzmaurice being' the caterer. Colonel Chearnley 
and the captains of the other companies of the bat- 
talion were quests. The drive and dinner were a 
success. In March the company was called out for 
active service during the Fenian scare, and, at a 
meetino- held on the 22nd, tlie resiu'nation of Serjjt. 
J. J. Bi'cnnier was received. Seri>t. Brenmer's name 
was placed on the list of honorary members. At this 
meeting some discussion took place in reference to 
members of the company holding rank in the other 
militia regiments. At a meeting held in April follow- 
ing Corporal J. D. Mackintosh was elected Sergeant. 

In June the battalion beini»: called out for gar- 
rison duty the company took its share of guards, its 
det being 28 men, 2 sergeants and 2 corporals. 
In anuary, 18G7, the company had their usual 
sleigh-drive to Bedford — Fitzmaurice again supplying 
the dinner. Colonel Chearnley and statf of the bat- 
talion, with the captains of the other companies 










•^ 1^ 1 2.2 


U III 1.6 










■O" .* <*> 

••v>^-, ^^^ 





»tm^ u ^ - tm\^tMl0g,^ft 





being guests. In June, 18G7, Sergt. W. E. Harrington, 
who had long been an active member of the company, 
resigned. At the annual meeting in Decemlier, 1SG7, 
the company voted one hundred dollars to the poor 
of the city and also eighty dollars as prizes for the 
best attendance at drill for the next year. On the 
26th of this month the company, headed by the 
Volunteer Band, turned out with the North British 

At the next annual meeting (LSGS) eighty dollars 
was again voted for the best attendance at drill, to 
be divided into eleven prizes. Fifty dollars was also 
voted to the poor of the city. At a special meeting 
held in January, 18()9, for the purpose of considering 
the .subject of re-enrolling under the Dominion Militia 
Act, considerable discussion took place, most of the 
members objecting very strongly to the terms of enlist- 
ment, as .set forth in the service rolls. By a vote of 4G 
to 10 the company agreed to re -enroll, provided the 
clause allowinjjf members to retire on crivinii' six 
months' notice, was inserted in the service rolls. This 
privilege was finally granted and the Scottish Rifles 
continued their oi'u^anization. In February the com- 
pany had the usual drive to Bedford, the stati" and 
other officers being the guests. The whole cost, which 
was borne by the company, being li^223.95. 

In April, 18G9, Peter Jack, Esq., who had from 
the first taken an active part in the management of 
the company, and who had for six years held the 



office of Secretary, retired from the Scottisli Rities 
and a vote of tliauks was tendered liini for his valu- 
able services, M. G. Black being selected for the 
vacant office. Scigt.-Major Hood, who had been one 
of the first to join the Scottish company, having died, 
he was buried with military honors and, at the next 
quarterly meeting in June, a letter of condolence was 
serit t'« his familv. 

At the ainiual meeting in December, 18G9, the 
sum of fifty dollars was voted towards a prize list. 
It was also determined tliat all mendjers attendinjjf 
thirty-six drills in the year would be exempt from 
company dues. Prizes to the amount of seventy- 
eight dollars were paid out for attendance at drill 
durinij the vear IS(Ji). At this meetniu J. Scott 
Mitchell was elected Secretary, and Capt. McLean, 
Lieut. Murrav and Lieut. DouU gave notice of their 
intention to retire. Capt. McLean and Lieut. Murray 
were elected honoraiy members, and at a subsequent 
meeting Lieut. Doull was paid the same compliment. 

A special meeting of the Scottish Rities was held 
on January lOth, LS70, for the election of officers, 
etc., J. N. Ritchie being made Captain and W. D. 
Harrington senior Lieutenant. Several attempts were 
made to elect a junior ofiicer but without success, the 
rules recjuiring a clear majorit}'' of the company. 
After the ballot had gone round several times and 
neither Messrs. Mackintosh nor McLeod were found 
to have a sufficient number of votes, the conqiany pro- 





cocded to elect nuii-coininissioned officers wlien Messrs. 
Corbin, Bisliop ami Stenhouse were elected Corporals 
and Messrs Boiul and Story, Sergeants. 

On the 2Stli of January follo\vini>:,anotlier nicetinij 
was called and hallotinn' tor a junior officer resumed. 
After three attempts tlie result was as unsatisfactory 
as at the previous meeting". It was decided at this 
nieetini;' to present a testimonial to Capt. McLean on 
his retirimi" from the company, and a committee was 
appointe<l to select a suitable article an(l make all 

arraniiemeiits for its iiresentation. The com 




number of guests, — officers of the staff an<l old 
members of the com[)any, met at the Halifax Hotel 
for this purpose a few days later and, after partici- 
pating in a b)U!itiful repast, pres'jiited Capt. McLean 
with a magnificent epei'gne, suitably engraved, and 
an a<ldress conveying the ijood wishes of the members 
to their late commanding officer. Capt. McLean 
made an elo<pient reply, and after speeclies by His 
Worship Mayor Tobin]^ P. C. Hill, Ks-i., Hon. \v. J. 
Stairs, and others, and soni-'s by members of the com- 
pany, the Scottish JliHes dispei'sed, having enjoyed a 
very pleasant evening. On February 7th, LS70, 
another effort was made to elect a junior lieutenant 
an«l, after several attempts, J. D. Mackintosh was 
finally selected. In July the C(jmpany had its prize 
matches at IJedford and, in the fall of tliat 3'ear, Lieut. 
Hari-ington resi«nied, he bein<^ about to take ?om- 
niand of the Mayflower con)[)an3'. On December 



LStli, Sergt. McLeorl was cloctod junior Lieutenant; 
Corporal Corl»in, Scri^cant, and Private ^rdnnis, 
Lance Corporal, an<l in tlie following- Mai'cli, Lieut. 
McLeod liavini:^ been made Adjutant of the battfilion, 
Sei'gt. Bond was made Lieutenant, Corporal Bishop 
beino- promoted to tlie rank of Sergeant; Capt. 
Harrington being made an honoraiy member of the 
Scottish Rifles. 

In May LSTl an important change took place in 
the conipany. Tlie Dartmoutli Rifles not being 
eft'ective, a vacancy for a company oflere<l in the 
battalion, and the Scottish Rifles decided to form a 
second compai /, or division. After full discussion 
and such changes made in the rules and bye- 
laws as were necessary, the company was recruited 
up to one hundred and twenty men. One of the 
new bye-laws was that the Lieut.-Colonel would 
have the appointing of the oflicersof the new division. 
On October 18th, IS7l, Lieut. J. 1). Mackintosh was 
appointed Captain, and Sergt. Jas. E. Dimock an<l 
Corporal Angwin, Lieutenants. Anothei' rule was that 
the mend)ers to form No. 2 Di\ision should be 
selected l»y ballot. At the next meotinii" SeriJ't. Story 
was appointed (provisionall3')an oflieer of No. 2 Divi- 
sion. In December, 1871, a proposition was lai<l before 
the company requesting a contribution toward a 
monument to the late conunanding oflieer of the 
battalion, Colonel Chearnley. Tlie c(jmpany did not 
take any action further than the appointing of a com- 

ir <M'i» n' l ii iii ' i irn'ri 




iiiittcc to eiKjuire wliat could be clone, and the matter 
was finally allowed to drop. At this nieetini^' Sergt. 
Mclnnis was elected junior Lieutenant, and Lieut.- 
Colonel Pallister an honoi'ary member, of the Scottisli 
Rifles. In September, 1872, Corporal Stenhouse was 
elected Sergeant, and Capt. Ritchie received the brev^et 
rank of Major. 

No changes of importance took place during 1873. 
In Decendter, 1874, Sergt. Corbin was appointed 
Musketry Instructor to the l»attalion, and Lieut. 
Bond was made Captain of No. 1 Division. In July, 
1875, Capt. Mackintosh was promoted to the rank of 
Major, and Brevet-Major Ritchie was placed in charge 
of No. 1, Capt. Ijond being transferred to No. 2 
Division. Lieut. Angwin rctii'ing fruii» the company 
in October, l875,St'rgt Bishop was elected Lieutenant 
in No. 2 Division ; J. N. Crane being made a corporal 
at the same meeting. Corporal Crane was soon after- 
wards made Secretary to tlie company. No change 
of importance took jilace in 1870. In 1877, owing 
to the cutting down of the numher of men allowed 
to drill in this district. No. 2 Division of the 
Scottish was not called (jn, but dieided to drill 
without pay. In Deceudjer of this year Lance- 
Corporal Cunningham was elected Lieutenant in No. 
2 Division, and at the sami' time Corporal C^rane was 
promoted to the I'ank of Sergeant in No. 1 Division. 
At a meeting held on March 20th, 1878, Private 
Mumford and Ser<rt. Crane were elected Lieutenants, 



Capt. Ritchie and Lieut. Diniock havinoj retired irom 
the active force, and Lieut. Ritchie havinijf letb the 
country. 8er<:,rt. Corltin was at the same time appoii ted 
(^)uarter-Master to tlie hattalion, an<1 Private A, G. 
Kaizer was promoted to tlie rank of Sergeant in rlie 
1st Scottisli. 

On Fehruary ord, 1S7!), a special meeting of ti'ie 
Scottish Rifles waslicld for tlie purpose of considering 
the advisability of separating the two companie;>. 
After some discussion it wfis decided that it would 
he to the advantage of hoth divisions if each had a 
separate organization, and a committee was appointed 
to make all necessary arrangements. At a subsequent 
meeting, held on the 11th, the terms of separation 
were agreed upon, each division taking one of the 
medals and ecpudly dividing the funds ; No. 1 retain- 
ing the hooks and papers of the original company. 
Lieut. Mclnnis having being promoted to the I'ank 
of Captain, took command of No. 1, Capt. Bond 
takiuii" charoe of No. 2 Division. On the eveninix of 
March 18th tlie company (No. I Division) held a 
meeting to reorganize and appoint oflicials ; Capt. 
Mclnnis being appointeil Treasurer and Lieutenant 
Crane, Secretary. A cotmnittee was also appointed 
to revise the rules and bye- laws. 

No changi^ of imjmrtance took place dui'ing 1S8(), 
but at the end of the 3'ear Capt. Mclnnis having 
announced his intention of retiring fron\ tl,\e battalion, 
Lieut. Crane was appointed Treasurer and Corpl. 




Kc)ino<ly, Socrutaiy. In Jaiiuary, 18S1, Charles 
II. Tnpper was cU'ctiMl fJeutcnaiit and, in tlio fullow- 
in<;" niuntli, JJout. BIsIkj]) was promoted to the coni- 
inand Capt. Mclnnis, wlio liad I'ctircd, being made 
an lionorary member. In .June tlie Scottish paraded 
^vith full ranks witli the battalion at the review at 
Sussex, N. !>., and at the review and sham-fight on 
IJivlifax Conniion shortlv afterwai*ds In December, 
1881, on the death of (Japt. Mumford, Lieut Crane 
was appoiiited Adjutant to the l)attalion, and in May 
following J. I). Johnston was ai)pointed Lieutenant. 
In December of this year the company voted ten 
dollars towards a testimonial to be presented to Major- 
General Laurie, who was about leaving the province. 

In July, LSS;3, tlie company' decided to form a 
rifle club, and in order to encourage all the meml»ers 
to pi'actice, the marksmen wei-e divide<l into three 
classes ; this was found to have a most beneficial 
effect on the shootinLi- of the company. In November, 
1S83, Lieut. Tuppcr havijig ivsigned, Lancc-Corporal 
James was elected to fill the vacancy. No changes of 
importance took place in 18.S4. In April of 1S85, on 
the breaking out of the rebellion in the North-West, 
the 1st Scottish were to the front, and eiiihteen men 
and one officer — Lieut. James — went with the G3rd 
contino-ent in the Halifax Battalion. The men of the 
compaji}' acjpiitted themselves with credit, and 
returned with the battalion, without loss. In Sep- 
tember the compan}^ had the annual shooting 






5, on 


if the 




inatcli at Eedfonl. In Decembei' ISS,'), SiTut. A. G. 
Kai/er was elected 2n"l Lieutenant, vice Johnston, 
■vvlio ha<l I'etired from tlie force. The name of the 
hitter i4-enth'man was i)lace(l on tlie roll of lionorary 
memhers. No clianges have taken place in the 
Scottish durini;' the ])ast year, the company con- 
tinuing' up to the standar*] it lias always maintained. 
This company has been the nursery of many 
otticers who have attained prominent rank, not only 
in the battalion of which the company forms part, 
but also in other city regiments. The Colonels of the 
Garrison Aitillery and OHth have both served in its 
ranks, and also many of the company officers of their 
corps. In addition to these a large proportion of the 
start' of the 63rd — no less than two commanding: otK- 
cers, two majors, paymaster, quartermaster, and two 
adjutants — have taken their first lessons in military 
life in the ranks of this company. The national 
characteristic of Scotchmen to stand by each other 
has tended to keep the company up to a high stand- 
ard and accounts, to souie extent, for the harmony and 
good feeling that has ever prevailed in its ranks. 
The Scottish Ritles while always being well up in 
drill have also the reputation of being one of the best 
shooting companies in the battalion and, whether as 
individuals, or in teams, its mendjers have taken a 
front place in all the ride matches in the ; "^vince. 






1 ^ - 






1 if 

List ui' Scf.TtiiMKN am> Dk 
SICNKh A it<»M.; 
Scottish 11iii-k CnMrASV, 

.Jolm r>. (';iMij)l)ell, 
Jolin S. McLriUi, 
Wm. li. Sim-llic>, 
W, C MenzioH, 
Hugh Canipl)i'll, 
WilliiUii Muriiiy, 
.)nlm 1^. Wliytiil, 
David Itoss, 
Alex. McXal), .Ii'., 
J. C Mackintosh, 
James S. Macdonald, 
(y'haidcs ,]. MacdonaM, 
Hugh Murray, 
liohcrt W. Mar.h,nald, 
Kohcit 'J'. Mull-, 
Joliii T. McAlpiuo, 
J. N. Ritchie, 
Adam Burns, 
Frank F. (Jarvie, 
(ieo. AU^xander, 
Alex. Kae (laivie, 
T. W. McKic!, 
E. Tuppcr Harvey, 
John J5. (iarvie, 
Chas. Annand, 
James Wilson, 
James Fraser, 
Hugh MaeXiil), 
Donald Sutherland, 
Jas. J. liremncr, 
J)aniel NV. Kerr, 
^yallaee K. Harrington, 
John A, Sinclair, 

NoVKMIlKK IS")!). 

J. (' More, 
Artliur C'owic, 
I'. CorlK'tt, 

\[. I'.. ScetoM, 

NVm. Ksson, 

I>oiiald iloss, 

I'eter Malcom, 

('harles Kc^nans, 

Alex. Cliainhers, 

W. A. 1). Morse, 

A. K. houll, 

A. K. Mack inlay, 

W. Camplu'll, 

J.imes White, 

John M. Hay, 

J. SL'ott .Mitchell, 

John Paterson, 

John McC'uliocli, 

(Jeo. Walker, 

[..(;. Kigl.y. 

Joseph ( liipman, 

Alex. .\ndi:rson, 

David Hood, 

C. H. Colwell, 

John MeKen/.ie, (piper) 

W. Myers ( hay, 

Daniel McAinsh, 

Alex. Forsyth, 

IJohert Dligh Sinclair, 

Ivohert Romans, 

Jas. Thomson, 

W. D. Harrington, 

John Davison, 




John lii-aiidt'i', 
JiiiiK'S Mcl'lwaii, 
J).iniel Mt'Kwaii, Jr., 

llitlifiitl KiiKiy, 
Win. KiiiiilicU, 
Jiinies NV. Miickiiy, 
("has. ]•]. Ihown, 
(Ico. \V. liiiwkiiis, 
(Jeorgc 11. Amlfison. 
Alex, (iiinn, 
J. Jiick.son, 

W. A. M.Iiitosh, 

\Vi!i. H. Davii's, M. I)., 

N. i*. Janu'.son, 

A. Fonost, 

Win. (Jrant, 

n. (!. llallil.mtdii, 

H. I). Fonnan, M. D.. 

James li. Crow, 

Thomas MiCuUocli, 
Jas. Shand, Jr., 
John V. Macilonahl, 
James ( luiin, 
Peter .Jaek, 
John A. (I rant, 
Thomas Mouluay, 
John (!rij,'or, 
Tliomas (irij,'or, 
K. Cray, 
.lames lliander, 
S. 1). Mat(h)nahl, 
1^ Laiillaw, 
(leorge Tulhx.k, 
('ha.s. I>. Major, 
Wm. S. itoome, 
.). I). WaUaee, 
Henry llomans, 
]h. C'o''S\vell. 


Okkjinai. Knfj. oi Tin: Scottish N'oi.cntkkh Miklk Company 
SicNKh ON Jam'ahy l.'h'ii, 18(50. 

Koheit BliL,'h Sinihiir, 
John 15. Campltell, 
John S. McLean, 
Jas. J. Bremncr, 
William Murray, 
James Thomson, 
Cliarles Romans, 
Robert Taylor, 
Tliomas Mowbray, 
A. K. DouU, 
J. N. Ritchie, 
N. P. Jameson, 

James Maedonaid, 
(ieorgc W. Hawkins, 
Daniel MiKwan, Jr., 
Robert Muir, 
Chas. Annand, 
Henry Romans, 
James Jarkson, 
John A. Sinclair, 
J. Scott Mitchell, 
J. C. ALickintosh, 
\V. A. Mcintosh, 
Reter Malcom, 






John McCuUocli, 
A. K. Mackinliiy, 
Joseph 'riionison, 
John L. \A'hyt;il, 
Uaiiiel \V. Kerr, 
Wallace E. Kaningtoii, 
James MtKwan, 
James Sliand, Jr., 
a. A. TuP.ock, 
Chas. J. MacdoiKihl, 
Hugh M. MacNalj, 
11. li. Seeton, 
R. W. MacdoiuiUl, 
Joseph ("liipnmr, 
Alex, (jlunn, 
William l<]sson, 
Alexauiloi' Anderson, 
K. L. Coleman, 
Wm. Daviilson, 
Hugh Murray, 
(Jeo. R. An»lerson, 
Wm. B. Smellic", 
Arthur Cow io, 
James Wliite, 
Daniel MoAinsli, 
James W. Mackay, 
Adam Hums, 
Jas. W. Mackay, 
R. 0. Hallil»uit()n, 
John McKeii/ie, (|)iper) 
James Wilson. 

Roljert J. Romans, 
Wm. Catnphell, 
Jas. (luim, 
John i)avis()n, 
John M. Hay, 
Wm. ( I rant, Jr., 
J(dm C. More, 
W. H. navies, M. D., 
J. Hemy (Jri/T, 
Donald Ross, 
I'lter Jack, 
Charles (!ol\vell, 
Jas. Frascr, 
Alex. Forsyth, 
Wm. D. Hariington, 
Hugh Campltell, 
Alex. Chandlers, 
W. T. Jloome, 
Alex. MaoXah, Jr., 
David Hood, 
W. C. Men/.ies, 
(George Alexander, 
Jolni MacKathern, 
James l». Crow, 
.John T. MajAlpinc, 
W, Myers (iray, 
Tliomas McCulloch, 
l)avid Ross, 
James D. Wallace, 
Richard Finery. 


ON tlie soprtialion of tlic Scottisli Companitis in 
F«.'l»ru;UT, 1.S7!>, the second division proceeded to 
ivor^anizo. Thu first meeting; was held on the 
27tli March, Capt. ]>(>nd prcsidiiio' ; Lc. Corph J. T. 
Twinini,^ was elected Secretary, and Capt. Bond, Trea- 
surer. The name " Second Scottish Company " was 
adopted, and a connuittee appointed to prepare rules 
and l)3'e-laws. At the next meeting, held April 3rd, 
the rules an<l hye-laws were adopted and some promo- 
tions made among the non-connnissioned officers. At 
a special meeting held on the 22nd of July, Corpl. J. T, 
Twining, Jr., was elected Lieut, in place of Lieut. E, C. 
Mumford, who had resigned, and Corpl. Wilscn was 
promoted to tiic rank of Sergeant. The company held 
its annual tiring at Bedford, Auijust Gth. The non- 
commissione<l officers of the company were at this 
date, Sergts. H. D. Ilolloway, W. W. Wilson, and C. J. 
McKie ; Corpls. H. Keynalds and A. \V, Hesson, Jr. ; 
Lc. Cori>ls. (Jeo. Bai'ron and \V. Kenerty. At the 
annual meeting in Decendjer, the Secretary, Lieut. 
Twining, and the Treasurer, Capt. Bond, were 


*•"""•• "rrri'iTUr l-iimnniriirrfi mr 






rc-cloct(!(l. DnriiiL;' tlio yoar 1S7I) tlio company lost 
one of its Itcst imiiiilxirs, S(;i;.t. H . McIMuiil, wlio liad 
Icl't tlio pi-ovinco i'or tlic United St'itcs. '\\\(\ finesfor 
non-attcnflaiKM' at di'ill (oik- ol' tlio rules of tlie 
company) aiiiountecl to S'J !.*)() for tlic year, and tlu^ 
dues to S74.()(). Tlie e()iiij)any was, at tlie> (;nd of tliis 
season — tin; first of its s('j)ai'at(! existence — in L;ood 
workinL; order, and tli(! maiin^ini;' comniitt(!e Jit tlic 
annual meeting* con^'ratulatecl tli(! com[)any on its 

\\\ Jaiuiary, 1SS0, Ww company lost hy death Pto. 
James K. Marshall, one, of its oldest mend>ers, who 
was huried with military honoivs on January '"ith. 
The eonspjiny h;i<l its amiual liriiiL;' on July 22rid, the 
muster heini^ l;<)oi1 and the lirin^' Jin imj)i'ovement on 
the year ])revious. The coinjjjiny eontiinied to keep 
its rfinks filled, \-ei-y few changes taking' ))lnce <lurin^f 
the year. vVt (he nniuial meetini;' in I)eeend)er (J;)pt. 
Bond was re-eleete<l Trea,surer, ami Ser^^t. llolloway, 
Secretary. At this ('(^tiiii!,' souk; dis(*ussion took place; 
in reference to • "e;;d non-eommissioncMl oflieers who 
liad not attend<'<l d il. 'j'h(> Seer(.'tai*y vvas ordere<l 
to notify them tli^ hey were liahle t(j hi; reduced to 
the ranks. A special meetiuL;- of the company was 
held on A])ril 1st, IS8l,at which weiv ])resent all the 
ofliceis and thii't^y men of tlx; comjtany. Some discus- 
sion took place I'e^ardiuL;' the a(;tion of the captain in 
I'educini,^ to the raidvs two lanc(;-coi'[)orals. II is action 
was sustained by a majority of the meeting, and I'ri- 







vatos Dixon and ScIimcI'"'!- w i it clccic*! to tlic varancics. 
It was (Iccidt-d at tliis inrctiti^- to I'ccruit tlic coiiipiuiy 
to i'oni'()V('r till' regular sircn^tli, (lie extra men to Im; 
paid )V(»iii tlic CMiiipaiivs I'lmils. 'I'his was tlie last 
iiKM'tiiiL;' atlciidcd liy ('apt. IJoiid. ( JwIiil;* to illness 
ho, was olili^-ed (o withdraw IVoin tlie i'oi'ce. lie lei't 
tlu! province and soon aTlerwai^ls die(l in t.lie I'nited 

The Se('()iid Scottish nnistei'ed Well a,t the TevieW 

at Sussex on .Inly 1st, ISSI, ;inil in Septendx'i" liad 
their lii'in'^ whieli, as usual with the company, was 
well attended. Lieut. A. ( J. ( 'uiniin''hain haA'iiiL!' heen 
])lace(l ill coiiiiiiand, on the ilej»arture ol' ('aj)t. I»ond, 
new lil'e was instilled into the oiL;ani/,ation, an esprit 
</('. coi'iis heiiiL;' ai'oused tJiat. i'aisc(| t.he coiiij)aiiy to a, 
liiL;h staJe ()!' e|);ci('n('\-, which it has iiiaintaineil to tl H3 
])resent day. ()ii the occasion of his niai'riave ('apt. 
UunninL;hain was picsent,i'(l with a, \ery ha,ndsoiii<^ 
silv(^r service Ity the nietidiers oi' t he conij>any, a coiii- 
])lini(Mit t.o his vei y ellicieiit ser\ices, which he duly 
appreciate(l. At the annual nieetinij; in I )eceinlK;i', 
the Captain was I'leetcd Ti'easui'fi" and ('has. Al»l)(»t, 
Secretary. It was deci(|('(| at the nieetiiiL;' t,o chari^c; 
a,n eiit.rance lee ol" one dolla.r to he piid 1»\' any one 
ioiniiiL!- the coini)an\'. Hui'in''' lliis \'ear (JSSI) tlx; 
nieiiiliiTs I'onned t-heiiisclvi's into a, cluh Tor the 
])in'pose of anmsciiieiit and instruction ; a room was 
provided and the institution was a source ol' nnicli 
hcnelit to a,l! concerned. In fac't the Second Scottish 




■ ! 

• Mi 



Club was the means of hriiii-'inu' the members frc- 
quently toi^-etlier and afblini;' not a little to the efficiency 
of the company, — providini;- a place of resort during 
the winter montlis when drill was suspended and the 
men apt to lose interest in the organization. Sergeant 
McKie and Coiporals Rcynalds and Dixon were active 
agents in promoting and cstablisliing the company 

On February (jth, 1SS2, Sei'gt. McKie was elected 
junior Lieutrnnnt, the otlicers now being Capt. 
Cunningham and Lieutenants J. T. Twining and 
C. J. jMcKie. It was decided to have a company 
sleiijjh-drive on tlie 22nd of that month. Both sleiu'h- 
drive and dinner were a u'reat success, Lieut.-Cols. 
Mackintosh and Pal lister were amono- the i»"uests 
invited. In August the company firing took place at 
Bedfoi'd — themorK^y pi'i/es amounting to sixty dollars. 
At the next annual meeting in Decendjcr the 
Captain and Private Abbot were elected to the posi- 
tions of Treasurer and Secretary, and the sum of ten 
dollars voted from the funds towards the Laurie 

On Janu'iry 17th, LS.S:), the company had its 
annual sleigh-drive, the colonel and adjutant being 
ffuests. In March of this year the Second Scottish 
luxd its tirst call for active service. A riot having 
taken place at tlie Fiingan coal mines, in Cape Breton, 
which the local authorities were unable to ([uell, a 
call was made for a portion of the active militia to 



a to 



proceed to the scene of trouble. The order was only 
received al»()ut noon, but by two o'clock the force 
reqniicd (one hundred men) was niustere(l at the 
drill room, and of this force the Sectjnd Scottish 
nnndjered tweJity-live. The ordei's for service were 
altered by the ]). A. (J. and guards called for from 
the three city corps — Artilh-ry, Rifles and Infantry. 
The Second Scottish furnished a full share of the 
{)8rd contingent, including their second oflicer, Lieut. 
Twining. After remaining on duty three days, 
awaiting means of transport, the guards were finally 
relieved from duty, the militia in the vicinity of the 
riots being called out to preserve order. 

The spirit shown l»y the compan}' on this occasion 
and the promptness with whieh the men were mus- 
tered when a totally unexpected summons was issned, 
reflected hiiihly on the members of the Second 
Scottish and on their organization. The com- 
pany had its annnul firing in August, at Bedford 
Range, and at the battalion inspection mus- 
tered ami drilled well. Tlu; Seei'etary — Corporal 
Abbot — havinii" left the citv, Lieutenant Twining 
acted in his place. 7\tthe animal meeting in Decem- 
ber, Sergeant Dixon was appointed Secretary, 
Captain Cunningham was again elected Treasurer, 
and several changes took place in the lanks of the 
non-commissioned ofiiceivs. Li 18<S4, the Second 
Scottish showed an increased acti\'itv, and the system 
of proniotiiig the non-connnissioned otlicers by com- 







putitive examination was a<loptL'(l, witli very ,sati>sfac- 
tory results. Tlie eonipany's streni^tli was increased 
V)V six over tlie niiiiilH!r allowed I)V reiiiilation, and 
each nuuuber seemed to take a ])ei"s()nal interest in 
tlio oflicieney of the company, one of the results of 
this spirit was shown in tlu; attendance at drills and 
parades, the Second Scottish heinn" ^'enerally ahead in 

On AuLiUst Gth the company had its amuial firinii,*, 
on wdiich occasion Captain Cunninj^ham presented 
a medal to he competed for. The money prizes 
amounted to eiL';hty-five dollai's. At the l)attalion 
inspection in Septend)er, the Second Scottish paraded 
with full raidvs, and addnl to the crc.MlJt of the 
company and tlu; battalion hy their soldierl}' appear- 
ance on pai'ade. At the I'eview on the Cominon their 
steadiness was favorably conniicnted upon by Genernl 
Middleton, the inspectiiiiL;' oflicer. At the ])ecember 
meetiuL;' both the Secretary and Treasurer were 
re-elected, and some chan^vs were made in inference 
to lines for non-attendance at drills. Durinij this 
year Serj^'eant HoUoway was j)romoted to the raidc of 
Staft-Ser^eant in the battalion. In Januaiy, lS8o, a 
special meetini:>' was held and some changes were 
made in reference to honorary mend»ership; active 
mendiei's Ijeing entitled t(j l>e enrtjlled as honorary 
members after nine years' service. A change was 
also made in the classification at the target practice, 
in order to encourao-e the youn^" shots. Three classes 




wore formed, jirizes to l>o provide*! I'or cacli elas,^. 
The result was an iinproveineiit on tlie scorini;' of 
former years. 

On Fel)i'nary 12t1i, the C(>mpany, wltli tlie First 
Scottisli and battalion liand, eniovcd its usual sleiii'li- 
drive to Bedford. A pleasant time was spent and the 
cond)ined companies and l)and returned to the city 
about mi<lni^ht. In April following' more .serious 
matters occupied the attention of tlic Second 
and .sliowed that the company was not oidy capable 
of enjoyinij; a pleasant day's anuisement, but was also 
equal to the more serious duties of a soldier. 

The Rebellion in tlie North-West, the news of 
which was teleuiaphe(l to this city about the end of 
March, caused no little excitement in the ranks of the 
active militia, and when the ()']rd battalion was called 
upon for duty, the Second Scottish .showed that it was 
e(iual to the occasion. ( )f the hundred men called 
for, this company furnisheil thi'ee ollicers and twenty- 
nine raid\ and fih\ one of thosi^, ex-Corporal Woolrich, 
who was absent in the Tnited States, I'ejoining the 
company when it was ordered on active service. The 
Second Scottish furnished more men for the provi- 
sional battalion than any other company in the city 
brigade. All the members of this company returned 
home at the close of the ivbellion and rejoined the 

On Septend)er 17th the company hail its reg'ular 
target practice, and the new classitication of the shots 




■I ,: 

rosultod in a satisfactory iinproveniont in tlic scorinL;-, 
a Ijctter avcrai^'o liciiiL;- made tlian in any previous 
3^('ar. At tlio annual inci^tinL;" in J)econ)^^'r, ilic 
Secretary and Tivasurcr were liotli re-elected, and a 
nund)er of clianues ina<le in tlie ranks of tlie non- 
connnissiojicd olHccrs. Some few nieinl»ers having' 
left, the company (piickly recruited u)i, and at the 
be<''innini»- of 18cS(> nuiid)ered forty-four of all ranks. 
In this year, ISSd, foi- the first timi; since its 
organization, the company canu' forward as a shooting 
company, sliowinv a vc^ry hiuh averaij'e, and winnini'' 
the battalion huiile, this M'as very li-ratifvino," to the 
management, as the shooting of the Second Scottish 
was the only duty in which it had hithei'to taken a 
subordinate position. Jn April of this year, the 
Second Scottish took an active part in a di'amaticand 
musical entertainment ••iven at the Academy of 
Music, for the purpose of raising funds to provide a 
club and orderlv room for the battalion The affair 
was a success, and the nett receipts were over four 
lunidred dollars. The entertainment, which was a 
humorous representation of some of the scenes in the 
North West, was veiy well arrangecb J"tnd redected 
credit on the management and on those who took part, 
very immy of whom were mendjers of the Second 
Scottish. The company fitted up a new orderly and 
recreation room, in the course of the following winter, 
for the support of which each member contributed six 
dollars in addition to monthly dues. Lieutenant 




Ic a 



Ls a 






I ant 

Twiiiinii' havinii' been pi'onioted to the command of 
No. G com])any, Scryvant Wooliieli was elected Junior 
Lieutenant of tlic company', and at tlie annual meetin<:j 
tlie Secretary and Treasurer were again re-elected. 
No changes have since taken place in the company. 

The Second Scottish, although the last formed in 
the Ijattalion, has shown a wonderful spirit, and its 
very eflicient management has fostered an esprit de 
corps that has kept it in a front place. No company 
in the battalion is manai»'ed so much by the members 
composing the rank and tile, as the Second Scottish. 
Its civil organization is complete and all matters out- 
side of military movements are regulated by a com- 
mittee of manau'ement, elected annually. The members 
are nearly all young men and the company is very 
popular, always having men ready to fill any vacancies 
in the I'anks when they occur. 

The prompt responses to the calls to active service 
lioth for Linganand the North West, by this company, 
have i>iven it a verv hiiili character in the active 
militia, and the company bids fair to continue its very 
creditable record should an occasion call for its 
services in the future. 



ciiKr.rcTo (irvFA's. 







TriE Chkiukjto Guevs, tlio second city com- 
pany o'azottcd, was oi'i^anizcd on the 15th of 
Deceniher, 1859, tlie nionibers electing' as Captain, 
Wm. Chearnley, Esq, late of H. :M. 8tli Kings Rogt. 
of Foot. This company, wliicli was not lestricted to any 
nationality, was composed principally of Englishmen 
or descendants of Eni-lishmen, rusidinu' in Halifax. 
The officers elected, in addition to the Captain, 
were Wm. M. Allan, Jr., ami Oeoigo Piers, First 
Lieutenants, C. M. Nutting and Fit/gerald Cochrane, 
Second Lieutenants: the latti'r iientleujan heing 
afterwards made adjutant to the company, J. H. 
Tohin was elected Second Lieutenant. The com- 
pany had a long list of prominent citizens as 
honorary memhers, and was looked upon as one" of 
the most promising volunteer companies in the city. 
The uniform decided on was ^rey cloth with 
scarlet facings, the clothing heing made for the com- 
pany in London; and the outHt was one of the most 
expensive in the force. The company adopted rules 
and by-laws which, being approved of by the com- 

11 « 

■■ i 



til ' 



■ ' 



^M 1 




1, , 

; 1 

'* \ 








niandcr-in-cliiuf, were printed, the motto clioseii beinjj^ 
" Pro Arts et Focisr 

s final ly 


d offK 

of the Gi 

non-comni issionei 
decided on, at a meeting- lieid January i;mi, IMUU, 
were : Sevgt.-Mdjov, Tlios. Clarke (late of H. M. G2nd 
Ixegt.) ; Sergeants, Fred. D. Allison, Alex. Keith, 
Chas. J. Wylde, John E. iVlbro; Corporals, \Vm. Dufiiis, 
Geo. Ackhurst, Wm. H. Hill, W. R. Stowe Wainwright ; 
Treasurer, Win. Twining ; Buglers, T. Fiiniigan 
(late H. M. (J2nd Regt.), and Win. T. Colenmn, Jr. 
Sergeant Keith being promoted to the rank of 
Quarter-Master early in the spring, Corporal Wain- 
wright was elected Sergeant, and Georije McLean, 

The Chebucto Greys were very popular, and 
although somewhat exclusive, it being no easy matter 
to gain admittance to their ranks, soon mustered over 
a hundred men. Capt. Chearnley, who had served in 
the regular army, was well ({ualified to bring the 
" Greys " to a high state of military <liscipline, and 
under his supervision they made rapid progress at 
drill during the winter of ISGO; a parade of the 
"Greys" being sure to draw a crowd of spectators to 
criticise their movements and applaud their skill — 
on one occasion His Excellencj' the Governor honour- 
ing them with a visit. The " Greys " n(jt having 
received their uniforms were not able to take part 
in the first volunteer review held on the 8th of 
June. On July 3rd, Sergeant Alex. Keith, jr., was 







»\ ; 

gazetted QiiartennasttT, with tlie rank of Lieutenant, 
and ])r. Jolin Slayter, Surt^con to tlie company. 
The " Greys " took an active part in tlie reception 
of His Royal Ilinhness the Prince of Wales, assistinu" 
to line the streets on his arrival and were at the field 
day held in his presence. On his departure, the 
"Greys," with the " Ma3'flowers," formed the L;uard of 
honor at the railway station, Richmond. 

Although placed in connnand of the hattalion, 
Captain Chearnle}- hehl his position as captain of the 
"Greys," and, although with increased duties, still 
found time to look after " his I'oys," as he was accus- 
tomed to call tiiem. In the spring, Lieutenant 
Allan being about to leave the pi^jvince, his comrades 
presented him with a silver mounted revolver and a 
complimentary address to mark their appreciation of 
his services in the or^'anization of the company. In 
August the "Greys" went into cam]) at Point 
Pleasant for training in position drill and target 
practice; non-commissioned oilicers from the regular 
troops being fui*nishcd as instructors. It is not on 
record what amount of proficiency was attained by 
this couise of drill, liut it was a matter of notoriety 
that the " Greys " and any of their friends who 
visited them, thoroughly enjoyed themselves. In 
riHe shootini:' the comi)an>' showeil the lowest average 
in the battalion. At the amuial meetinii' held in 
January, ISOI, the Treasurer's ivpoi-t showed a very 
satisfactory state of finances — the sum of one hun- 



(Ircd and two pounds, twelve sliillini;-s, Iteinijf on Imnd 
after paying' all expenses. For clotliini;' alone the 
expenditure hnd been six hundred and ein'lit}' -five 
pounds, two shillings and nine |)ence ; for accoutre- 
ments one hundrccl an<l twenty-live pounds, and the 
current eX])(MiS('s of tlu^ conipMny w«'r(; eighty-ei^ht 
pounds, n^akini^' a total contrihution of eiL,dit hundred 
and ninety-ei^ht pounds, two shillinL;s and nine 
])ence, or in I'ound lunuhers ahout thn^e thousand six 
hundred dollars of oui' pi-cscnt currency. This larj^^e 
amount was all contrihuted hy the active members of 
the com]iany, except the sum of one hundre(l and 
twrnty pounds, or four hundi'cil and eighty dollars, 
which was i)aid hy the honorary mendiers as entrance 
fees. Amoni;' these niendiers were the Hon. Sir 
Brenton Hallihurton, Hon Wm. B. Bliss, Hon. Eno.s 
Collins, Hon. J. \V. Johnston, Hon. Mather B. Almon, 
John J. Sawver, J as. W. Merkel, Thos. S. Tobin, 
Edward Biiuiey, John C Halliburton, AVm. Pryor, 
Rtniben I. Hart, ]>enjaniin WiiT, Edw. Albro, Thos C. 
Kinneai*, J, \V. liitehic, James Foreman, John Stall's, 
I'hilip C. Hill. John Hullus, Win. Ackliurst, Jas. II. 
Morse, Jas. J^aurie, Ja^. A. Moran, Samuel \j. Shamujii. 
Richard Chearnley, Hon. William Youni^", Maurice 
Mcllreath, James Moi-aii, ji-., and othei's. On Aj^ril 
l()th, FS(iI, Henry W. Johnst<jn was elected Secretary 
of the company, and durini^' this year the " Greys " 
took part with tlie battalion in all its parades and 
reviews, and also improved its reputation as a shooting 




company. Tlic company procured a ritlc range for 
its members on the sliore of licdfurd Basin, between 
Africville and the Three Mile House, and tliis ranuje 
soon became the; popuhir place amoni; the city 
volunteers for both practice and matches. 

At the iirst Provincial Kitlc Match hold at Windsor, 
tlie company was represented by Pvivates Clillbrd II. 
Kinnear and Brenton Harrini^ton ; Private Ivinnear 
leading the fiel<l and winninL;- the first national 
medal ever shot for in Nova Scotia. At the Inter- 
colonial Match at Sussex, N. B., the; same parties 
represented the " Greys," and Private Kinnear again 
led the battalion team. After the match considerable 
correspondence took place between Captain Chearnley 
and the Adjutant-General in reference to a dispute 
between a non-connnissioned officer of the "Greys" — 
Sergt. Jolni Albro — and some men of the Victoria 
Rilies (colored.) The detachment of "Victorias" was 
drawn up to receive ammunition at the range at 
Windsor, during the Provincial Match, and a detach- 
ment of the " Greys " under Sergt. Albro, assembled 
for the same purpose, when some dispute having arisen 
in reference to the position of the parties. Sergeant 
Albro express(^d himself in a manncn* more forcible 
than complimentary to his fellow-soldiers. Captain 
Anderson, who was in command of the Victoria 
Rifles, took up the dispute and brought the matter 
before the Adjutant-General, with a demand for a 
court of enquiry. His Excellency the Governor did 











Ir a 


not tliink the matter of sufficient importance to lay 
Itefore a board of ollicers, but, on tlie complaint being 
prossc«l, a court was formed and exjtlanations made 
by Sergeant Albro \v]»icb were considered satisfactory 
by the autliorities, but were not accepted by Ca])tain 
Anderson, who rt igncd Ins connnand. In Decendier 
the " Greys," with the Halifax Kitles and Dartmouth 
Rifles, were inspecte<l by General Doyle and Earl 
Mulgrave, and on Januar}' 17th following, \)y Colonel 
Taylor, inspecting ollicer for the volunteers. 

During 1802 the " (Jrt'\'s" lost a nundter of good 
men by the enrollment of the regular militia, many 
of the members taking connnissions in that force. 
This, however, was a ditliculty shared in by the other 
companies, the volunteers being looked upon as a 
training school for ofHcers for the militia ; but the 
" Greys " being composed of men in good circum- 
stances, the I'anks were more aH'ected than those of 
the other city companies. In August the regular 
prize firing took place at the company's range, 
Sergeant Charles J. Wylde being the fortunate winner 
of the company medal. The ranges were two, three 
and four hundred yards, five rounds at each, twenty- 
four points being the winning score. On March *h'd, 
18G.S, the company ha<l a sleigh-drive, going to 
Bedford and lunchini>' at Butler's Hotel, afterwards 
returning to the city and dining at Stewart's saloon. 
The following April they celebrated, with the 
battalion, the marriage of H. R. H. the Prince of 




I I 








Wales. At the Provincial Match, held in Truro in 
Octoher, the " Gre^ys " were represented hy Lieutenant 
Piers, and Privates lU'enton Harrington, C. A.Stayner 
and John Schol field. 

At the annual nieetini;' held on Jan. ")th, 1<S04, the 
report of the ollicers showed the company to l)e in 
r^ood order, a halance of three hundred and forty-five 
dollars being in the treasurer's hands, and the ranks 
full. At this meeting J. Scholfield was elected Lance- 
Corporal, F. 1). Corl)ett, Secietary, and Wm. Twining 
re-elected Treasurer. On Feh. 4th. the " Gr(.'ys " and 
"Ma\'flowers" formed the guard of honor at tlie 
opening of the House of Assemhly. The company 
had decided to liave the usual sleigh-di'ive on March 
1st, hut, owing to unfavourable weather, was unable 
to start, and the company dined together at the Hali- 
fax Hotel, musterinij; eiijhtv uien, the battalion band 
occupying the orchestra. A nuudjer of guests were 
present and the <Iinnei' w as a great success. On the 
8th of that month the sleigh di-ive took place and was 
ont^ of the finivst ever eniovt'd b^^ tlu^ C()mi)anv, the 
procession being led l>y the battalion band, the guests 
in a si.\ horso U-,\m, and the mrndtc^-s of the company 
following in thirty sleighs; the companv lanchei] at 
Butler's anil returned totlieeity by torch light. I)ui'ing 
the winti'r the " (Jrevs" drilled on Kri<lav nights with 
the "Halifax" and "Dartmouth" comnanies and, 
w^ith the " Maytlowers" and " Scottish," formed the 
guard of honor at the opening of the House of 



Asseiul)!}^ Fob, 4t1i, 18G."), and also at tlio reception of 
tlic governor Sir Richard Graves McDonnell, on Jan. 

During the fall of 1SG4, and the winter of ISGo, 
the " Greys," with the other companies of the bat- 
talion, were busy completing their rc-organization, the 
term of service having expired. By this rc-organiza- 
tion some changes took place in the officers and non- 
commissioned ofHcers of tin; company — the new roll 
shewing the follow^ing : Cdpfain, Wm. Chearnley ; 
1st Lieutenants, George Piei-s, Fitzgerald Cochrane ; 
ihid Lieutenant, John E. Albro; Surgeon, J. H. 
Slayter, ^l.D.; Sei'(jt. -Major, Thos. Clarke; Sergeants, 
Fred. D. Allison, William 11. Stimpson, Stephen 11. 
Sirccm ; Corporals, (h'egory J. Tohin, John Scholfield, 
Samuel C. Nash; Lanee-(JorporaIs. Fred. \V. l>Iaiklock, 
Chas. A. Clarke, S. Atwood Doane ; Buglers, Thos. 
Finnio'an, Edw. Creii-hton, Henrv Goudue; Treasurer, 
AVm. Twiidnu:: Seeretary, Fi'ed. D. Corbett. 

At the ainiual meeting held January 12th, 1805, 
the accounts of the company were wound up and the 
Treasurer's books showed thatdurin*'' their five years 
of service the Chebucto Greys had paid out for 
clothing and othei* expenses the sum of one thousand 
one hundred and sixty-seven pounds, seventeen shil- 
lings and sixpence ; the government allowance for 
care of arms, etc. during' this pei'iod beini>' forty-one 
pounds live shillings — tlie balance, oiu; tliousand one 
hundred and twenty-six pounds, twelve shillings and 



sixpence, or about four tlionsainl five hundred dollars 
of present currency, being contributed by the mem- 
bers of the company. It looks somewhat unreasonable 
that men should not only give their time and service 
free but should be called upon to pay out large sums 
for the public service; still the "Greys" were not 
alone in tins respect, for all the volunteer companies 
were under heavy expense, in fact some of the city 
companies made larger outlays. 

The " Greys " adopted, with the other companies 
of the l)attalion, the rifle-^'reen uniform and con- 
tinned to wear red facings. In June, Captain 
Chearnley having been appointed Lieutenant-Colonel 
of the battalion, Lieutenant Piers was made Captain, 
Durin*"' the winter new rules and by-laws were 
adopted, the number of othcers l)eing reduced from 
five to three, and the entrance fee to the company 
was fixed at two dollars ; the same amount, and one 
dollar additional for the band, was fixed as the 
annual dues, and a conuiiittee of manao-ement was to 
have control of all the affairs of the company, except 
in purely military matters, in which case the senior 
officer present took eharj-'e. At the meetinii' in 
Januaiy \V. II. Stimpson, Chegory J. Tobin, S. R. 
Sircom, John ScholHeld and James S. Coclu'an were 
elected as this committee of manai-'ement. In July 
Serc^eant F. \). Allison was gazetted Lieutenant, 
Sergeant Sircom having taken a similar position in 
the Dartmouth company. At the company prize 




tiring, which took place on Soptonibcr 1st, tlic gold 
nicdal was won by Suru'cant ScholKcld. 

The "Greys" ha<l now the same difficulty they 
had experienced in 18()2-3. The I'egnlar militia 
liaving been enrolled, every inducement was held out 
for volunteei's to take conunissions in the regiments, 
and this company' seems to have been drawn upon to 
an unusual extent. This was shown in a conspicuous 
manner in Marci), INGG, when the company presented 
to Colonel Clieandey an illuminated address, con- 
gratulating him upon his promotion. The address 
having been signed, not only by the active members 
of the " Greys," but also by those who had served in 
its ranks and taken commissions in the militia regi- 
ments, disclosed the fact that no less than thirty 
officers of the Halifax ren'iments, holdini:' the ranks 
of Adjutants, (^aptains and Majors, had taken their 
first miHtary training in this company. 

The officers of the " Greys" were now : Captain^ 
George Piei's ; Id Lumtcnamt, Fitzgerald Cochrane ; 
2nd Lieutenant, F. D. Allison — Lieutenant Albro 
having left to take a position in the Artillery. The non- 
connnis'sioned officers had also considerably changed, 
Corporal Nash being a Captain in tlic Artillery and 
Seru'eant Sircom a Lieutenant in the Dartmouth 
Engineers. The ranivs stood as follows : Sergeants, 
Gregory J. Tobin, John SchoKield, Charles A. Clark 
and F. \V. Blaiklock ; Corporals, 8. A. Doane, Walter 
Lawson and Edmund J. Tobin. 







Oil tho occasion of fclio Fculau scare tlic Greys " 
were prompt in responding to tlie call of duty, and 
were to iiroceed, on the siii-nal of dani-'cr beinij- ij'iven, 
to McNab's Island to assist in defending: the forts. 

By a battalion order dated March 21st, the com- 
panies of the battalion were designated by letters ; 
the "Greys" being known as Company B. Great 
coats were issued to the men in view of their being 
soon recpiired f(jr duty. On April (ith the "Greys" 
were ins])ected ])y the Commander-in-Chief, the com- 
pany parading for the first time in their great coats. 
On June Gth, by a i-'eneral order, the battalion was 
called out for garrison duty, and the " Greys' " quota, 
consisting of one sergeant, one corporal and eighteen 
men, was promptly furnished, (\aptain Piers and 
Lieutenants Cochran and Allison beinij" also on this 
duty, which continued for two months. In Septem- 
ber Lieutenant Fitzgerald C/Ochrane resigned from 
the " Givvs," after beinu" a meml)er from the first 
organization, and was succeeded, on January 17th, 
1S(J7, by Sero'eant Gresjorv J. Tobin. Li March the 
" Greys," with the " Scottish," formed the guard of 
honor at the opening of the House of Assembly. 
No changes of importance took place in 18G7, the 
" Greys " keeping their place in the battalion with 
credit. In LSbS the question of re-enrolling under 
the Dominion iMilitia Act, was fully discussed by the 
" Greys," as well as the other city companies, some of 
the volunteers objecting to the service rolls as sub- 



y, mid 


i com- 

ettoi's ; 





-j coats. 
)\\ was 

•s and 
in this 


1 from 


eh the 

ard of 


7, the 



jy the 

3M1C of 


mitted fur si^'nature, the " Greys " amono- the number. 
The matter havinii- l)een finally arranij-ed, tlie com- 
pany decided to continue its service. The new 
service roll, dated Maix'h 14th, ISGD, (the first under 
the Dominion ]\lilitia lleu'ulations) sliows the follow- 
ing list of oilicers : Captain, Geoi'ge Piers ; 1st 
Lieutenant y F. D. Allison ; Fiisiyv, Gregoi-y J. Tobin ; 
Quarter Ma8ter-Serge(irtt,V^^ . IF. Stimpson; Soyeo.nts, 
F. AV. Blaiklock, John Scholtield, J. W. Gorham and 
Walter Lawson ; Corporals, William Ackhurst, jr., 
M. T. Carmen and Albert R. Payne. On September 
15th the "Greys" attended the funeral of Sergeant- 
Major Clarke, who had for a long time been a mem- 
ber, he having joined the company at its I'e-organiza- 
tion in 1859. Sern-eant-Maior Clarke was buried 
witli militar}^ honors. 

During 18G0 the " Grej's " diilled on Friday even- 
ing of each week with the " Scottish" and "Halifax," 
and duj'ing the summer took part in the reception of 
11. R. H. Prince Arthur. In June, 1870, Lieutenant 
Allison retired, beinij succeeded by Second Lieutenant 
Gregory J. Tobin, Sergeant F. W. Blaiklock being 
appointed Second Lieutenant. In July Corporal 
Ackhurst died, and his funeral was attended by the 
companj^ The "Gre\s" now began to lose the 
position they had held so long as one of the best 
companies in the battaliun, the old members losing 
the interest they formerly had in the organization, 
and the attendance at drills and parades was not up 



CHEBUCTO filli:»S. 

to tlic standcUNl previously maintained. In March, 
1871, Lieutenant (j!re^i,'()ry J. To1>in resi^-ned, and 
Lieutenant Blaiklock liavini;' failed to qualify, was 
mizettcd out, Seru'eant Gorhani and l*rivato John 
Milsom bein:^ appointed lieutenants. An attempt 
was now made to levive the intei'est and infuse some 
more spii'it into the company, and new non-commis- 
sioned officers were appointed. Coi'poi-als ^lichael T. 
Carmen, V. C. Dimock, Edwin Ci\'iL,diton, and Daniel 
Creamer were made serg'eants, and Privates William 
Salter, H. St. G. Twining, ^laximus Major and Louis 
D. Wier were made corporals. In July the " Gre3^s " 
lost by death their old captain. Col. Cheandey ; the 
companj' turned cut well at his funeral, and by a 
battalion order wore mourninii- for one month. 

No chanLi'es took n\;\cc in the " Greys " durinijj lcS71. 
The company had lost its old spirit ; that c>tprit de 
corps, whicli had distin^'uished it when in its prime, 
ceased to exist, and diiliculty was experienced in 
jL;'ctting the mend)ers to attend drill, the result Ijeing 
that the " Greys." which had previously been con- 
sidered one of the strongest companies in the battalion, 
now often turned out with little more than a corporals 
guard. The }ear 1S7:2 showed no changes in the 
" Greys" and veiy little im[)rovement in their attend- 
ance at parades. The company had the regular 
target practice on the 4th of September and, on Oct. 
2nd, 1N72, were inspected, for the last time, with the 
battalion. Dui'ing the sin-ini>' of 187.'] the "Greys" 
mustered with the battalion at the regular drill, but 



it was evident that the company was not in an 
etiicient state, and, hy a hattalion order dated July 
IGtli, 187'3, Captain Piers was ordered to return to 
the quartermaster all govei'nment clothing, arms 
and accoutrements belonging to the company. This 
virtually wound up the Chcbucto Greys, foi", although 
Lieutenant Vaughan was gazetted as Captain of 
number six, \'ice Piers, who was allowed to retire, 
very few of the old members remained in the ranks. 
An entirely new company was foiined, and the name 
of Chcbucto Greys was (U'opped from the battalion. 
The books and private property of the " Grej's" were 
scattered, and very few records of its existence now 

By a general order, dated Aui-'. 22nd. Lieutenant 
John Vaughan was appointed captain and placed, in 
charge of company B., (No. G), Lieutenant jMilsom 
still remaining with the company. A meeting w\as 
called in September to re-organize, and active steps 
taken to recruit the ranks. In March, 1874, the com- 
pany elected non-conmiissioned officers as follows : — 
Sergeants : John Chapman, Jas. Noble, G. Lethbridge, 
and D. Sullivan ; Corporals : ]). B. Heady, A. Bailey, 
F. Morris and John Devanne}'. New clothing was 
issued to the company, and Wednesday of each week 
was appointed for drill. On Augu>,t »SOth, tlie com- 
pany had its target practice at Bedford, and in April, 
1875, with the Halifax Rilles, formed the guard of 
honor at the closing of the House of Assembly. In 
July Sergeant Ready was nuule Ensign, vice Milsom, 





i I 


; i 

who was promoted. On SeptcnilxT 24tli the company 
proceeded to Bedford rano-o for tlie re^'ular ball 
practice. Owiniij to some disturljance there among the 
men of the company an investigation was held and, 
as a result, Captain Vaiighan was allowed to retire 
retaininrr rank, Lieutenant Milsom takino: charu-e ; but 
Lieutenant Fultz of the " Mayflowers " being promoted 
to the rank of Captain, was soon after placed in com- 
mand of the compan}''. 

No changes took ])lace in LS7G, l)ut in 1877 Captain 
Fultz, having" been transferred to the " Mayllowers," 
Lieutenant Power of the Halifax Ritles took command 
of No. G. In Feb., 1879, Lieutenant Milsom was 
appointed to tlie connnand of No. G, Captain Power 
being transferred to No. 4. In March following. Pri- 
vate Jas. i\[aekey was promoted to the rank of 
Lieutenant, and in June, 1881, Corporal Davidson 
was made Ension. 

On July 1st, 18S1, the company took part in the 
review at Sussex, N. P., and in December following, 
Captain Milsom resigned, being succeeded by Lieuten- 
ant Mackey, who was promoted to the rank of 
Captain. In Nov., 1882, Angus \V. McLi^Uan was 
appointed Lii.'utenant, vice ^blckey, i)romoted, and in 
August, 1884, Edgar A. I'ent was made Second 
Lieutenant. In April, 1885, wlu-n a detachment was 
called out for acti\'e service, No. (> furnished eleven 
non-connnissioned oliieers and men : one of the latter, 
Piivate F. \V. Marwick, died when on the tiain, and 
was buried i\'ith military honors at Winnipeg. The 




g tho 



; but 


, com- 

II was 

g, Pii- 

Ilk of 
V id son 

in the 
dc ot" 
11 was 
hnd in 
it was 
11, and 

rest of the contingent returned with the provisional 
battalion and rejoined the company. In 1886 Captain 
Mackev, who had removed from the city, retired from 
the company, l)eing succeeded by Lieutenant Twining, 
of No. '>\ wlio was promoted to tlie rank of Captain. 
Under the new management No. G, which had fallen 
into an unsati.^factor}- condition, was rapidly recruit- 
ed up and has contiiuunl to the present time, 1887, in 
good order. 

Uoi.L (ir CiiKiucTt) (iuKYs, Datkd Jantarv 1.'{tii, 18G0. 

Scuiil. \V. Dol'.loiH, 
(!t'0. Piers, 
J. Henry 'J'ohiii, 
Win. M. Allivii, jr., 
Frederick Allison, 
Fitzgerald Cueliran, 
John ]']. Aliiro, 
Ci. Allison Woodill, 
Alex. Keith, jr., 
John (J, 'J'rider, 
(irinton Davidson, 
Cliarle.s fierce, 
John T. Cronchcr, 
8. At wood Doane, 
Jlenry O'Xeil, 
Wni. Duirn.s, 
V. II l'\ Synionds, 
Wni. Newton Shaeller, 
Tlieodore A. Tajtper, 
X. Livingstone Herbert, 
John H. l>raine, 
Edwin C. Fairbanks, 

llcnry J. Marshall, 
Anthony Shaw, 
Francis J. Alljro, 
J. Henry Sutherland, 
.Henry Scholtield, 
Andrew D. Merkel, 
Jeremiah F. Kenny, 
\\'n\. II. Harrington, 
George Lang, 
M. A. C' lover, 
\Vn). B. Alnion, 
Alf. F. Creighton, 
\\"in. Law .son, jr., 
Sanil. (i. Ivigby, 
Keyran .Skci'ry, 
Win. A. Stiinp.son, 
C. J. luynolds, 
Xyren Silvei , 
Stei»hen li, Sirconi, 
(ieorge McLean, 
T. W. .Mills, 
Fred. W. Fiahwick, 









^^'nl, Twining, 

Chas. J. ^Yylde, 

Samuel C. Nash, 

John Clicarnley, 

Chas. A vStayner, 

John K. Bent, 

Wm. 11. Stowc Wainwright, 

George Ackhurst, 

Augustus E. Stayner, 

Ed. G. Stayner, 

Henry G. Northup, 

IT. W Johnston, 

F. W. liullock, 

Charles A. Clarke, 

Jas. W. K. Johnston, 

Jas. S. Cochrane, 

Richard LaAvson, 

Chas. E. Allan, 

Gregory J. Tol)in, 

George Cunard, 

Cliffor<l R. Kinncar, 

Augustus Allison, 

John Hacket, 

Jas. T. Richardson, 

Chas. M. Nutting, 

Fred. W. Rlaiklock, 

Jas. G. Tol)in, 

Chas. Allison, 

William Gossip, Jr., 

George B. Kenny, 

William A. Johnston, 

(ieorge Taylor, 

John Larkin, 

Wm. R. Adams, 

John Scliollield, 

John Northup, Jr. 

Chas, A. R. Kerr, 
H. G. Found, 
H. W. Albro, 
Wm. Ackhurst, Jr., 
M. F. Eagar, 
E. R. Harrington, 
Wm. Coleman, 
R. Waugh, 
James Whitman, 
A. Martin Payne, 
Alhort R. Payne, 
Wm. A. Hill, 
Arnold J. Gaetz, 
.Tames Moran, Jr., 
James L. Woodill, 
Wm. R. West, 
John Slayter, 
Robie Uniacke, 
Thomas Clarke, 
Leander J. Cogswell, 
Herbert A. (ireenwood, 
Frank Lawson, 
John Willis, 
Geo. W. Smith, 
A. Carmen, 
Roljt. Whitman, 
Fred. D. Corbett, 
Robie S. Stearns, 
Frod. G. Wainwright, 
J. Brenton Harrington, 
Archibald Lawson, 
Fred. B. Woodill, 
John Brown, 
T. Finnigan, 
Fred. W. Creighton. 


THIS Coinpfiny was oi'i;'anizccl on December 19th, 
1859. Tlie mcniliersliip was not confined to any 
particular national it}', the company being com- 
posed principally of natives of the city. The first cap- 
tain was a Hungarian, Captain Traunwizer, a jeweller 
by trade, Messrs. Fraser, Rouselle and Coleman, being 
Lieutenants. On 22nd February, 18G0, the company 
met to elect non-connnissioned officers, when Francis 
Jones was made Sergeant-Major, Alex. McNab, John 
Deegan, Geo. A. Dallas and John Hoare, Sergeants ; 
James Nott, James Malloney, Chas. Grant and Wm. 
Johns, Corporals. At the same meeting, Charles 
Tupper, M. D., was elected Surgeon of the Company. 
A few days later the question of uniforms was 
brouglit up at a special meeting, called for the pur- 
pose of considering this all-important subject. Grey 
was decided on as the color, with light blue facings. 
The badge or emblem adopted by tlie company, was 
a wreath of mayfiowers with a crown, and the motto 
"Excelsior" in the centre. A couunittee was also 
appointed to confer with other companies in reference 
to uniform. The company imported from Scotland 













the clotli tor tlie uniforms, and Mr. Cunnin<^dmm, 
tailor, contracted to make seventy suits. 

Among' tlie honorary memhers of tlio Mayflower 
company, at tliis time wei'e: J Ion. Alex. Stewart, C.B., 
Martin J. Ulack, Jolni L\ Halliljurton, W. J. Stairs, 
Thos. J. Tobin, and many otlier prominent citizens. 
In ^lareh a conunittee was sent out to solicit sul)- 
scriptions towards tlie funds of tlie company and were 
very successfu On the (Jtli of Mai'ch, I8G0, Lieuten- 
ant Coleman i-csii'iiL'd liis conniiission and was sue- 
ceeded hy Sergeant- MnJDi' Jones — St-rgeant McNab 
being made sergeant-mnior. It was decided to charge 
an entrance fee (jf tive sliillings to moml)ers joining 
the " Maytlowors." At tlie same time Captain 
Traunwizer and Lieutenant Ilouselle were delegated 
to represent the com]inny on a band conunittee, and 
Messi's. Rouselle and Jones were appointed to act 
witli committees from tlie other city companies to 
secure from the the legislature certain ])rivileges for 
the volunteers. 'J'he ^layilower compau}' turned out 
in full force at the inauguration of the Welsford- 
Parker monument, in July. Li August Lieutenant 
Rouselle resigUiMl his commission in the comjmny, 
owing to some disngrrcmciit in I'cgard to precedence, 
but was induced to witlMlrnw liis resignati(^n. 

The company was now somewhat in arrears, and 
a committee was appointed to investigate its financial 
affairs and to devise means for relieving the company 
from its cnd)ari*assment. It was found that a large 
number of the members were in t rrears and, at a 



specinl inootini:'' lieM on Septcmlior 27tli, ISGO, Doctor 
Tapper moved, and (Joorn't^ \VillonL;'liliy seconded, a 
resointion tliat all money now due tlie c<>mi)anv must 
be paid up 1>\' October Uli : and a committee was 
sent out to wait on e;ich dclinijuent and make known 
the decision of the meetini;'. Tins action had a i^'ood 
etrect. The want of a suitable place for drill pur- 
poses was a source of L;-reat inconvenience to the 
"^[aytlowers" as well as the otliei- city companies, 
and a petition was sent to the g'ovcrnment to provide 
proper accommodations. In December, dissatisfac- 
tion began to show itself in the company with refer- 
ence to the manaiiement of its finances, and several 
attempts were made to clear matters up, but without 
success. At a special meeting held on Februar}' 12th, 
1S(J1, the names of eleven members we're struck off* 
the roll fur non-attendance at drill and nun-payment of 
dues, Lieut.-Colonol 11. IJ. Sinclair, Adjutant-General 
of Militia, was elected an honorary member of the 
Mayflower conniany, beinu' in'oiiose-l by Lieutenant 
Rouselle ; and ]^r. Tuppt-r announced his intention of 
delivering a lecture, the pi'oceeds to go to the funds 
of the company. In April, a meeting of the non- 
conunissioned ollicers and men was held and the 
affairs of the company fully discussed. As a result 
a special meeting oF the company \va- called on April 
oOth, ISGl, and Captain Ti'aunwizer was requested to 
resign as the company was not satislied with him. 
After s;)me discussion, Ca|)tain Traunwizer withdrew 
and Lieutenant Fraser took the chair. A connnittee 




II k 

was appointed to examine the financial affairs of the 
company, Captain Trannwizer liaving been treasurer. 

Tlie " ^Faytlowcrs " now took a fresh start. A 
number of tlie non-effective members were struck off 
the roll, new men induced to join, and a general 
re-organization took place. On June 81st, ISGl, 
Lieutenant Fraser was appointed Captain and Thos. 
P. Studd, Esq., Lieutenant. In Octol)er the company 
sent two representatives — Sergeant- Major McNab 
and Serii'eant Malloney — to the rille match for the 
British Association medal, whicli took pUxce at Wind- 
sor. In Februaiy, bS02, Sergeant ^Malloney was 
appointed Quartermaster-Sergeant ; tlie by-laws of 
tlie company were revised and printed; and an 
inspection of the arms, etc., was held. To relieve 
the financial diiHeulty of tlie compau}^ a series of 
lectures was delivered during the winter — the first 
by the surgeon of the company, the Hon. Dr. Tupper; 
the last by the Hon. Joseph Howe. The result was 
to place the " Mayflowers " on a good financial basis, 
and the company passed a vote of thanks to the 
gentlemen who had delivered the lectures; to the 
committees who had managed them, and to the press 
of the city, whicli had assisted in makino* them a 
success. At the monthly mreting in April, it was 
decided to remit all arrears of dues, as the company 
was in a position to meet all expenses. The company 
was present at a review on the twenty-first of June of 
the year 1802, a fine of ten shillings being exacted 
from all members absent. Several non-coinmissioned 



officers and men not lia\ini]: attended tlie rco-ular 
drills and meetings of the company were expelled, 
others beinfj appointed, and a deterniination shewn 
to keep the company np in an effective manner. 

Some lady friends having presented a medal to 
be competed for at the rifle raiiL^'e, the company sub- 
scribed a sum of money to purchase a second or 
company medal, and .d»out this time J. W. Fenerty 
and John McCulloch, Es(js., were elected honorary 
members of the company. In October the " ^lay- 
tlowers" tired at the "Clrey's" range, Richmond, for the 
two medals, when Quartermaster-Sergeai\t Malloney 
won the ladies gold medal and Private J. Shepeard 
the company medal. Miss Fraser, the daughter of 
the captain of the company, presented the prizes to 
the successful competitors In December, 1SG2, Mr. 
Lynch delivered a lecture, the proceeds for the benefit 
of the " Mayflowei's," and in the earh"" part of the 
next year. IMGo, a large nmnber of new members were 
added to the company, which was now in first-class 
condition. In April Lieutenant Studd, who had been 
unable to attend to the <luties of his position in the 
company, was succeeded by H. A. Jennings ; Quarter- 
master Sergeant Jas. !Malloney being elected Junior 
Lieutenant. The oihcers of the Mayflower Rifies 
were now : Captain, Geo. Fraser ; Lieutenants, J. R. 
Rouselle, H. A. Jennings, and Jas. Malloney. Lieu- 
tenant Ilouselle, who had, from the organization, 
been a very efficient Secretary, also acting as Adjutant 
to the company. So)ne little trouble was experienced 


1 \l 




tlnrino- the year ISGo with a numljcr of tlie non-com- 
missioned ollieers, tlic company, liowcver, sustained 
the officers in maintainiiiL;- proper disei})line and, by 
a vote of the company, some of the malcontent were 
expelled, and tlujse who remained made ample 
apolooy for their disrespectful conduct. 

Duriuii' 1804 the " jMaytlowers" took their share 
of duty, turniiiL;" out with the Chehucto Gre3^s, on 
February 4th, as a guard of honor at the opening" of 
the House of Assembly. Lieutenant J enninr-s retired 
from the " ^laytiowers" durini!- 1SG4, and at the end of 
the year the term of service for which th.c company 
had enrolled having expired, the r|uestionof rc-enroll- 
nient was brought up, Captain Fraser and Lieutenant 
Rousellc not wishing to continue, the company 
mustered under Lieutenant Malloney. The gi'cen 
uniform ado})ted l»y the other volunteer companies 
was accepted by the " Mayflowers," with the privilege 
of wearing light blue facings, blue stripes in pants and 
blue ball on chaco, but the company was induced to 
alter the blue facing's to red as being more uniforDi in 
color with the other companies. In June, 18G5, 
Cuthbert C. Vaux was elected a member of the 
Mayflower company and the next month was made 
Captain, and J. Edward Keating, who was a Lance- 
Corporal and Secretary to the company, was elected 
Junior Lieutenan.t. 

W. P. West, Esq., having presented a handsome 
medal, it was shot for in August and won by 
Lieutenant Malloney. A vote of thanks was passed 



to Mr. West for his lil)eralitv. In October Lieutenant 
Keating resigned liis oftice as Seci'etary and was suc- 
ceeded by Sei'gcant Kair. The company having 
agreed to pay 840 per j-ear to the band fund, Captain 
Vaux, Lieutenants ]\Lilloney and Keating were 
appointed to represent the company on the band 
connnittce. The company also rented an orderly 
room for drills and meetinLi's. In November Dr. 
Tupper resigned his position as Surgeon in the May- 
flower Rifles. 

In i\Larch, 180(3, Sergeant G. A. V»'illoughby was 
elected Secretary and Private Geo, Fultz was made 
Quartermaster-Sergeant. In the same month great 
coats were served out by the government in view of 
the men being called out for active service. In the 
spring of the same year the company paraded with 
full ranks during the threatened Fenian invasion, 
and ([uite a nmnber of recruits joined the ranks. In 
June the " Mayflowers," with the other city volunteer 
companies, were called out for garrison duty and fur- 
nished a detail of twentv-four men, one sero-eant and 
two corporals. In July the volunteers were relieved 
from garrison duty. On the 20th, the company 
marched from the drill-shed to Willow Park range 
for the regular target practice, refreshments being 
provided by a coumiittee appointed for that purpose. 
The company mustered at 7 a. m. 

At the annual meeting held in January, 1867, 

Edmund Fultz was elected Secretary of the company 



' I 




and Lieutenant Keating notifie<l tliat unless he 
attended to bis duties lie would be asked to resign. 
In March, 1SG7, a special meeting of the company was 
called to pay the men the amount granted by the 
government. The fines and dues were first deducted, 
the amount received tVom those sources being 
S253.6Gi, the company having a strength, of all 
ranks, of 70 ; the officers being : Captain Yaux ; 
Lieutenants, Malloney and Keating ; Quartermaster 
Sergeant, G. Fultz ; Sergeants, J. Kair, J. Shepeard 
and Jas. Harvey ; Corporals, IL Miller, H. McPhail, 
and P. Taple. Edmund Fultz being Secretary and 
Lieutenant Malloney, Treasurer. In April, 1867, a 
special meeting of the company was held at Doran's 
Hotel, a new set of rules and by-laws were passed, 
and a number of non -effective members expelled from 
the company. Owing to some disagreement with 
head-quaters Captain Vaux sent in his resignation. 
The company, by resolution, voted an address to 
Captain Vaux expressing regret at his retirement. 
This address was presented on May 22nd, 18G7. In 
July the company fired at Willow Park range for 
their prizes, and in October Lieutenant Keating 
resigned his commission. On November 27th a 
special meeting of the company was held and C. C. 
Vaux, the late captain, was again asked to take 
command; Sergeant Edmund Fultz being elected 
Second Lieutenant. In 18GS, the company voted the 
sum of forty dollars in prizes for the best attendance 
at drill. The annual meeting of the company 



was lield in ]\rarch, and the .sum of S?158.4GA was 
received for dues and fines. In Jiily the company had 
the annual prize firing at Willow Park, S2() being 
taken from the funds of the company for prizes — the 
officers also subscribing towards the same object. In 
November the company was called together to receive 
the government grant of SS.OO per man — dues and 
fines to the amount of S204.10.1 beino; collected. At 
a later meeting a motion to strike out the by-law 
imposing fines was rejected by the company, and the 
sum of forty dollars was voted for the poor of the 
city — twenty to the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, 
and twenty to the Association for the Relief of the 

In January, 1869, a special meeting was called to 
consider the question of re-enrolling under the Domin- 
ion Regulations — Lieutenant Malloney presided. 
Captain Vaux expressed his intention of retiring, but 
the company decided to continue its organiza- 
tion. Lieutenant ^lalloney was promoted to the 
connnand and Jas. ]\I. ^[umford elected Ensign; Cap- 
tain jVIalloney and Lieutenant Fultz l)eino- re-elected 
Treasurer and Secretary, respectively. Nothing of 
importance took place during the year 18G9, but in 
January, 1870, a special meeting was called to receive 
a report on the financial affairs of the company, 
Lieutenant Fultz presiding. From the report laid on 
the table, it appeared that there should be S227 in 
the Treasurer's hands, but the Treasurer (Captain 
Malloney) could not account for it. A committee 




was appointed to wait on liiin and make tlic best 
arrangements tlu^y could in reference to the financial 
deficit. Ensisi-n J. AI. Muint'ord was then elected 
Treasurer for tlie ensuin;:;' year. On ^lay 9th, a 
special meeting of the company was held for the 
purpose of paying the amount of government grant 
and pay for guard of honor — dues and fines being 
first deducted. The company's funds were replenished 
to the amount of $137. The annual firing took place 
in August of this year. On the 27th of th(i same 
month a special meeting was held and the resignation 
of Captain Malloney received. In view of his long 
services to the company, it was voted unanimously 
that he be given a clear receipt for all money due by 
him. At a latter meetino; the sum of twelve dollars 
was suliscribed l)y the members to relieve the family 
of one of their conu'ades who had been sick. At a 
special meeting held in June, 1871, the dues and 
fines coUectetl fiom the members of the company 
amounted to S 11 0.42, the company's strength being 
55, all ranks. In March, 1S71, W. T). HaiTington, 
Esq., Lieutenant in the Scottish Company, was 
appointed Captain of tlu' "^Maj'llowers." On June 14th 
the compan}" had its prize firing at Bedford range, 
Captain Harrington winning the first prize, company 
medal ; Sergeant T. Connors the first prize in the 
second competition, a silver salver presented by the 
late captain of the company — Geo. Eraser, Esq. The 
company took part in the field day on the 21st of 
June, on which occasion Captain Harrington pro- 



vidctl I'L'freshmcnts for tlio men. In October the 
ineinljcrs subscribed a sum of money for the relief of 
the family of tlieir late captain, Jas. ]\Ialloney, and 
of another member who had recently died. 

At the annual meeting-, held in November, the 
amount paid in for lines and dues was S?l 05.25, the 
Treasurer's report showino- the balance in his hands 
to be S250.74. At tlie same meeting- the Secretary, 
Lieutenant Fultz, was presented with a gold ring in 
consideration of his valuable services to the company 
for the previous six years. In August, 1872, the 
company had the annual iiring at Bedford when 
prizes to the amount of Si 00 were competed for. 
Sergeant 'J^iple having won the company silver medal 
three times it became his property. At the annual 
meeting- held in April, 1 S73, the affairs of the company 
were found in a most satisfactory state, the Treasurer's 
reports showing a balance on hand of four hundred 

On the twenty-fourth of Ma}- following the com- 
pany took jtart in a review in honor of Her I\Iajesty's 
birthday. On the Mtli of XovemV)er, 1S73, Jas. M. 
Mumford was appointed Lieutenant in the company 
and in March, 1874, the company formed a guard of 
honor at the opening of the House of Assembly. In 
March, 1875, Lieutenant Fultz took charge of the 
Mayflower company from Captain llai'rington, who 
had resigned, and in July following Lieutenant 
Mumford, having been appointed Captain, assumed 
theconnnanrl ; J. H. Anderson being- made Lieutenant 




and Lieutenant Fultz placed in charq;e of Xo. G com- 
pany, as captain. In September, 1876, Captain 
Mumford was appointed Adjutant of the battalion, 
and Captain Fultz rejoined the " Mayflowers." In 
January, 1878, Private Henry Hechlcr was appointed 
Lieutenant. In February, 1879, Lieutenant Anderson 
having retired from the battalion, Harold St. Clair 
Silver was appointed to the vacancy. In October of 
this year, Pi-ivate Thos. Connors, who had been a 
prominent and zealous member of the company for a 
long time, and one of the leading marksmen of the 
battalion, having died, he was buried by the company, 
who not only attended in a body but also paid all the 
expenses of the funeral. In 1880, Captain Fultz 
having resigned, Lieutenant Hechler was placed in 
command, and Wm. J. Butler, Esq., was made 

In July, 1881, the Mayflower Rifles took part 
with the battalion in the review and sham-fight at 
Sussex, N. B., and at the review held in Halifax the 
following week. No change took place in the com- 
pany in 1882 or 1883. In 1884 Lance-Corporal 
Gunning, of No. 1 company, was appointed Lieutenant, 
Lieutenant Butler havino- been transferred to No. 5. 

In April, 1885, the " Mayflowers" furnished nine- 
teen men and two officers for active service i. the 
North-West, and both men and officers acquitted 
themselves with credit. They all returned safely and 
rejoined the battalion. In 1886 the rules and by-laws 
of the company were revised and some considerable 



alterations made, quite a number of men joining, and 
the company is now in first-class order, being known 
as No. 2 in the battalion. 

Original Roll of Mayflower Company, June 14th, 1860. 

0. o. 

Captain Traunvvizer, 
Lieutenant Fiaser, 

*• llouselle, 

F. Coleman, 
Francis Jones, 
Alex. Macnab, 
Geo. A. Dallas, 
John Deegan, 
John Hoar, 
Jas. Malloney, 
Wni. Johns, 
Henry Ashmore, 
John H. Boss, Jr., 
John Burke, 
P. C. Clancy, 
John Cornhill, 
Daniel Dares, 
R. W. Flaherty, 
Jas. Hoar, 
Robt. Hodges, 
Jas. Himmelman, 
Richard Kelly, 
Wm. Lowe, 
Leander McBea, 
John W. Cauley, 

H. D. Barratt, 
Chas. C. Duggan, 
N. McLean, 
James Quinn, 
John Kline, 
C. F. Hunter, 
James Nott, 
J^itrick Connors, 
Chas. Grant, 
Philip Taple, 
Chas. Miller, 
Wm. ]\IcRae, 
Henry Miller, 
Brcnton O'Neil, 
Alex. McKenzie, 
John H. Way, 
Robert Smyth, 
Geo. A. Willoughby, 
James Shepeard, 
Francis Parrott, 
Robt. G. J. Walker, 
Joseph P. Lindsay, 
James McRae, 
H. Donaldson, 
E. Summers. 


H' ^' 

1 , 


) - 



n\HE first meeting" for tlie purpose of organizing tins 
Company was held on the evening of December 
23r(.l ISoO, in the K.rpress (newspaper) office in 
Hare's buihling — where tlic post office now stands. 
Thos. E, Kemiy, Esq., was in tlie chair, and a number 
of prominent citizens, Irishmen, and tliose of Irisli 
descent, were present. After an explanation of the 
object of the meeting the company was organized and 
those present signed the roll. It was the intention of 
the new company to have as Captain, Mr. P. H. 
O'Donnell, (late of H. II 70th Regiment), and 
ho was propo'^ed for the position, but General 
Trollope, wdio was in command of the regular troops 
in this garrison, would not allow Mr. O'Donnell, 
who was a clerk in the Brigade otTice, to assume the 
position. Mr. O'Donnell and ^Iv. Young, who were in 
the same office, were, however, allowed to give their 
services as instructors, and subsequent events .showed 
that their efforts w^ere of the i]freatest value, and 
were fully appreciated by the company. After 
several preliminary meetings, held for the purpose 



of adoptini^' rules and deciding on a name and otlier 
matters, the lirst reii-iilar int^etinL-- of tlie Halifax 
Rifles, as such, was held in the Conunittee Room, 
Temperance Hall, on the eveniny' of January 10th, 
18G0; the company roll containino- the names of sixty- 
two members. At this meeting the election of officers 
for the company resulted in the selection of the 
following : — Captain, Thomas E. Kenn}- ; First Lieu- 
tenants, John O'Connor, ]\[ichael J. Cochrane ; Second 
Lieutenants, \Vm. BaiTon, John D. Cun\mins. 

The company did not lose nmch time before com- 
mencing drill ; the J\Lasonic ILill being hired from 
Mr. Geo. Nichols for two niuhts in each week, at ten 
shillings each night, and the first drill took place 
on the 11th of Januar}', 1S(J0, — the day after the 
meeting. P. H. O'Donnell was the instructing 
official, and the mysteries of the goose-step and other 
preliminary movements wei'e, for the first time, 
brought to the notice of the aspirants for military fame. 
The Masonic Hall was found unsuitable for drilling 
in, and the use of the hall of the Provincial Buildini*' 
was obtained from tiie president of the Executive 
Council, and drilling was continued there during the 
wincer. The subject of uniform was fully discussed at 
the weekly meetings, an<l a number of consultations 
held with committees from the other volunteer com- 
panies with a view to having a uniform for all alike. 
The results could not, however, have been satisfactory, 
as each company followed itb own fancy, the only 
uniformitv being: that the cloth used by all the com- 

r l 



ir 1 ^1. 


panics was grey, l)ut no two were alike, either in 
shade or quality. The clothing finally adopted hy 
the Halifax Kifies was : tunic of grey melton cloth, 
green facings, scarlet piping and thick black cord 
braidino; across the breast and on the sleeves ; 
trousers of the same cloth, with green and red stripes; 
cap of the same, with green l)and and scarlet piping, 
French peak and a green cocktail plume. The 
accoutrements issued by the government were con- 
sidered too antiquated to be put on over this gay 
suit, so cross-belt pouches and waist belts, of English 
oak taned leather, were provided. The badge and 
motto of the company, adopted about this time, was 
a harp surmounted by a crown and encircled T)y a 
wreath composed of the shamrock, maytlower, thistle 
and rose, with a scroll and motto, " Quis sepanthit." 

On the night of February 24th a special meeting 
was lield for the election of non-commissioned officers 
for the company, on wliich occasion Francis P. 
Campbell, Thos. Archer and Thomas Martin were 
elected Sergeants: " Jaul, Michael Lannigan, John 
Brennan an<l J^ opl^y, Corporals, and, at a later 

meeting, Serge Archer was elected Sergeant-Major 
and J. U. Craig, Sergeant. On February 30th, the 
Halifax Rifles took part in the first battalion drill of 
the city volunteer corps — Captain Chearnley of the 
Chebucto Greys taking command — and the company 
also took possession of its new orderly room in 
Victoria Block. On May loth Dr. Cowie was elected 
Surgeon, and James Butler, Esq., Quartermaster. 



The subject of a ball, to lie given by the company, 
was the noxt important matter that occupied the 
attention of tlie Halifax Rifies, an<l on the 2Gth of 
June it took place in Masonic Hall. That it 
ack now led Lied to have been the best aflair of the kind 
held up to that date g-ivcs no idea of the success of 
this, the fij'st volunteer reunion. The whole affair was 
an unqualified success, and the cost, £175 13s. 9d., was 
subscribed by the oHiccrs and other members. The 
company turned out in full force at the inauguration 
of the Welsford-Parker monument, and a few weeks 
later, on the occasion of the visit of H. R. H. the 
Prince of Wales to the city, the Halifax Rities were 
constantly on duty and, together with the Irish 
A'olunteer company — Captain Bulger — proceeded to 
Windsor with the Prince and acted as a guard until 
his departure for St. John, N. B. 

In September James LeGuire, a private in the 
company, left on a visit to some relations in Memphis, 
Tennessee, U. S., and, being no doubt proud of his 
new military costume, carried it with him. On his 
landing in Boston he was promptly arrested and lodged 
in one of the military prisons, the authorities consider- 
ing that they had captured a distinguished confederate 
officer, the gay appearance and color of the uniform 
confirming their suspicions, grey being the color 
worn in the southern army. On proof being furnished 
by Captain Kenny that Private LeGuire was a bona 
fide British subject he was sent back to Halifax, per- 
mission being refused him to go south, the result of 

■^- r--Tmtre-nr 1 1 i i , , 




p m 


1 ilK 

Jl l9|jfiF 





liis niilifccary experience being, no doubt, feared by 
the United States authorities. 

In April, 1861, tlie Halifax Rifies and Chebucto 
Greys drilled together at the drill shed, Spring Garden 
Koad, and so continued to drill every Thursday even- 
ing during the season. A' out this time the company 
adopted an undress uniform of grey Scotch tweed, 
and began to take pride in the shooting of some of 
the members, who were already becoming quite pro- 
minent as marksmen. On the 17th of September 
the Halifax Rifles, headed by the city band, 
marched from the Grand Parade to Point Pleasant 
to compete foi' the officer's gold medal, the services 
of the band being paid for by the members of the 
compan}^ present. Private Sarauel Norris was 
the winner of the medal. Twenty of the best 
shots were afterwards told off to compete for the 
honor of representing the Halifax Rifles at the first 
competition for the British RiKe Association Medal. 
This match took place at Windsor on October 1st, 
1801. The company was represented by Corporal 
Brennan and Private Thomas J. Ei^-an. At the New 
Brunswick Rifle Match, held at Sussex during the 
same montli, the Halifax Rifies were represented by 
Privates M. Neville and Thomas J. Ei>'an. 

In May, 1802, the company held a special meeting 
in reference to the non-attendance of a large number 
of members at drill, as a result of tliis meeting several 
of the delinquents were struck off the roll, others 
resigned, new members were added, and a thorough 



Dme of 
bo pro- 


of the 
^ was 
c best 
'or the 

e first 


cr 1st, 

tod by 





reorganization took place, tlie following changes being 
made in tlie ranks of tlie non-cominissioned officers: 
Corporals John Brcnnan and John Gaul promoted to 
Sergeants, and Privates Jolm Vaughan, George 
Robinson and Thos. J. Egan to Corporals. Arrange- 
ments were also made about this time with the Dart- 
mouth Rifles for tlie use of their ranu'e, and a riflo 
matcli, (tlio Inst of many) was held with a team 
from the regulars in garrison. Tlie Halifax Rifles 
were represented by : — 


Lieutenant Barron, scoring 2G 

O'Connor, " 12 

Sergeant J. Brcnnan, " 22 

J. Gaul, " 21 

Private Campbell, " 19 

'•' Neville, " 80 

" T. J. Walsh, " 22 

Total 152 

The matcli was for fifty dollars and was won by the 
volunteers, the regulars only scoring 137 points. 
Lieutenant O'Connor, who was not a marksman, had 
attended as register kcepei', but, owing to Private 
Farroll, who was one of the team, not being present, 
Lieutenant O'Connor took his place. At the inter- 
provincial rifl(i match in P. E. Island the company 
was represented by Privates Neville and T. J. Walsh. 
No changes of importance took place during the year 




1863, the company firing taking place on July 20tb. 
In April, 1SG4, the Halifax Rifles and Irish Volun- 
teers furnished the i^uard of honor at the closinof 
of the House of Asseinhly, and on July 18th the 
annual target practice took place at the range of the 
Scottish Rifles, Fort Needham. In November the 
Halifax Rifles voted to contribute towards a testi- 
monial to Captain Chearnley, Chebucto Greys, who 
had been in command of the battalion. 

The regular term of service for which the Halifax 
Rifies had enrolled expired at the end of December, 
18G4, and on the 28th of Decendjer the company met 
and decided to re-enroll. Captain Kennj'', who had 
from the first organization taken a most prominent 
part in all matters relating to the volunteer move- 
ment, now (after the company had re-organized) 
severed his connection with the Halifax Rifies. His 
resignation was received with every mark of regret, 
and the company passed a unanimous resolution 
expressive of good wishes and hearty appreciation of 
Captain Kenny's services. Tlie ofticers of the com- 
panies composing tlie Halifax Volunteer Battalion 
having decided to adopt a rifle green uniform the 
Halifax Rifies laid aside the grey and approved of the 
new clothing, the facings being, for this company, a 
light green with gi-cen stripes on trousei's, and green 
ball on chaco. Lieutenant O'Connor now resigned 
from the companj'-, after having served as an ofiiicer 
from its organization, and Lieutenant Cochrane also 



The Irish Volunteer Rities havinc: disbanded it 
was decided by tlie " Halifax" to take their place in 
the battalion, and the company was recniited up to 
one hundred and twenty men and formed into two 
companies — Lieutenants Barron and Cummins being 
elected Captains. Jas. M. Brown, who had served as 
Secretary of the company from its organization, and 
M. J. Conroy, were elected Lieutenants, and Sergeants 
John Brennan, F. P. Campl)ell, George Robinson, and 
John A. Mackasey, Second Lieutenants. The Halifax 
Rifles, during this year, started a fife and drum corps 
in connection with the two companies, but, after 
considerable time and trouble, and expending over a 
hundred dollars in the purchase of instruments, etc., 
the burden of supporting the corps and of contributing 
to the battalion band fund was considered too heavy, 
and the fife and drum corps was disbanded. In 
February, 18G6, the two companies of the Halifax 
Rifies enjoyed a sleigh-drive and dinner at Bedford, 
John Butler beino' the caterer, on this occasion the 
staff of the battalion, the officers of other corps, and 
ex-ofticers of the company were guests. The afiair 
was a success and everything passed off to the satis- 
faction of those in charge. The Halifax Rifies formed 
the guard of honor at the opening of the House of 
Assembly on Februaiy 22nd of this year. 

In March an action at law, for libel, was entered 
into by the companies against the Rev. D. Faloon 
Hutchinson, editor and proprietor of a newspaper 



11 n 

called the Bwrrdng Bush, he having, in an article 
headed " The Good Fenians of Halifax," intimated 
that the Halifax Riiles were members of the Fenian 
Brotherhood, an organization which had just attained 
great notoriety in the United States, by its active and 
openly expressed hostility to the British government. 
The Commander-in-Cliief, through Colonel Chearnley, 
expressed his entire confidence in the company and 
his disapprobation of the action of a minister of the 
gospel fomenting sectarian ill-will in the ranks of the 
volunteer forces. The Rev. ^Ir. Hutchinson subse- 
quently withdrew his oiiensive remarks, paid all the 
expenses of the suit, and pul)lishcd a full retraction of 
his charges against the company. Shortly after, on 
an alarm being given and the volunteers mustered for 
duty to repel a Fenian invasion. General Doyle, when 
addressino- the battalion and detail inn' the companies 
to their different posts, said : — " as the Halifax 
Rifles had been accused of beini'- Fenians, I will oive 
them the post of honor nearest the expected point of 
attack," and they were ordered, on the signal being 
given, to McNab's island. 

In 2\pril of this year Thomas J. Isles, P. J. O'^lullin 
and L. G. Power were el(}cte(l Lieutenants of the com- 
pany, and in Dr. Cowie resigned his position 
as Sui'geon to the Halifax Rifles, l.)eing succeeded by 
Dr. Thomas Walsh. Captain Barron also sent in his 
resignation but, being waited on by a committee of 
the company, he was induced to withdraw it. The 

j«..>if_r'»u«.iJiy-.''*>''.,'- -". -v. . 



company presented Mr. P. H. O'Donnell with a sword 
and belt, suitably inscribed, as a token of their 
regard and appreciation of his services as instructor. 
The presentation of the sword and belt and accom- 
panying a<ldress took place on August 16th, ard 
Mr. O'Donnell made a suitable repl}'. In December, 
18GG, the Charitable Irish Society presented to the 
Halifax Riiles a valuaVjlc i-old medal to be com- 
peted for by the members at the rifle range, the 
presentation being accompanied ny an address. 
In January, 18G7, the company liad a grand sleigh 
drive to Be<lford — ]Mr. Fitziij.iurice beino; the caterer. 
C(jlonel Chearnley and stall', representatives of the 
press, and many other guests were invited. The 
company returned to the city by torch-light, and the 
drive was a i^'reat success ; the total cost being $2G3.95, 
which was subscribed by the mend)ers, the company 
funds not beinij," touched. A month later the mem- 
boi's subscril.)ed a further sum of tifty-seven dollars 
to improve the orderly room. 

In July ^Ir. ^l. J. Power, who had held the office 
of Treasurer, resigned this position, and Mr. John E. 
Butler was appointed. The aimual prize firing of the 
company took place at Bedford on July 22nd of this 
year (l(S(J7), the company proceeding thither in the 
steamer Keptiiiic. The iiringfor prizes was restricted 
to the short three-n'rooved Enfield rifies, muzzle load- 
ing. The Imttalion had some time previously been 
armed with short rifies and many of the marksmen 

i ' ^1 



preferred shooting with the long Enfield, which could 
be borrowed from the other volunteer companies, or 
with the short five-grooved Enfield (naval rifle) with 
which the Naval Brigade was armed. The restriction 
to the rifles used caused considerable discussion and 
some dissatisfaction among the marksmen, but was a 
necessary measure in order that all the men should 
be on an equality. 

In the fall of the year a strong cftbrt was made to 
collect the company's dues and fines, many of the 
members having fallen into arrears. As a result, at 
the next quarterly meeting, the sum of eighty dollars 
and thirty-seven and one-half cents were collected. 
One of the features of this collection, the first on the 
record of this company, was thot two of the members 
were sued in the city court for dues and fines and 
convicted. The result of this conviction was that a 
number of non-eftective members sent in the amounts 
due. The subscription to the company funds had 
been, at the formation of the compan}^ fixed at seven- 
pence halfpenny per month. This had, after some 
time, been altered to one shilling and threepence per 
quarter. There were also a number of expenses met 
by voluntary subscriptions, the orderly room being 
maintained principally in this way. Nothwithstand- 
ing the many calls on the Halifax Rifles for funds 
they found means to contribute, during the winter of 
1868, the sum of one hundred and thirty-six dollars 
towards the relief of the poor of the city. This 





amount, which was suhscriltod by individual members 
and not taken from the funds, was divided as follows: 
Sixty dollars to the St Vincent de Paul Society, 
thirty each to the Fisherman's Relief Society, and the 
Association for the Kelief of the Poor, and sixteen 
dollars to the family of a member of the company who 
had recently died. On the 25th of June of this year 
the company had the prize firing at Bedford when a 
very extensive prize list was offered. Among the 
prizes were three gold medals, two silver medals, one 
gold watch, one silver watch, and a nund)er of other 
valuable prizes. Tlie company nuistered ninety men. 
On November 20th, 18G<S, the company was pai<l the 
grant from government, eight dollars each to the men 
and sixteen to the officers. This was the last muster 
of the Halifax Rifles under the provincial regulations, 
orders beini:: received to enroll the members of the 
volunteer companies under the Dominion militia law. 

On the 2Gth of January, 1SG9, the Halifax Rifles 
were called together to consider the question of 
reorganization and re-enrollment — Captain Barron in 
the chair. The terms of the Militia Act and of the 
new service roll were submitted to the meeting and 
thoroughly discussed, opinion being pretty equally 
divided as to the advisability of continuing the com- 
pany or not, but, after a long discussion, a motion 
" That the Halifax Rifles proceed to reorganize and 
re-enroll " was carried by a majority of four. Captain 
Barron was then called upon to en-enroll the men, but 







declined doinc!' so and left the ineetin<:>', too-other with 
a number who were opposed to tlie Halifax Rifles 
continuing their services. Captain Cummins then took 
the chair and re-enrolied the men. The next meetinf,^ 
was held on February 2n(l — Captain Cummins in the 
chair. The now service roll was read and explained, 
and the men who had signed (fifty-five in number) 
were sworn in as the law re([uired. Captain 
Cummins explained that the regulations for drill, etc., 
would be made known to the company as soon as 
received from head(|uartei's. Tlie Halifax Rifles were 
now divided as Barron afterwards re-enrolled 
a poi'tion of the men and continued his company as a 
separate organization. Tlie motto of the company 
" Qais scparahW (\Vli<; will separate us) being rather 
a pertinent question to ask either Captain. Captain 
Barron, as senior of the old organization, claimed the 
company's property, Imt Captain Cummins, as the first 
to reorganize, considered the Halifax Rifles under 
his command as the oriiiinal bodv, and declined to 
recognize such claims. Much discussion and some 
litiiT^ation followed from this state of affiairs, and the 
good feeling that had existed among the men of the 
Halifax Rifles from its formation in December, 1859, 
was, for a time impaired. Vnyth companies, liowever, 
filled up their r.iiiksand continued drill, and although 
quite a change had taken place in their civil aftairs, 
in a military sense they were the same as ever, both 
companies parading under their respective captains. 





Quite a change now began to shew itself in the man- 
agement of tliis, as well as the other militia companies. 
The Dominion militia law, under which they were 
now servini>' did not recounize the election of ofHcers, 
or of other privileges long enjoyed. Under the new 
law the captain Jilone was responsible to his superior 
officers and exercised more authority in the selection 
of his subordinates, although the old rules and by- 
laws were still retained and continued to be acted on 
to a limited extent. The ofHcers of the company on 
this re-enrollment were : — Capt. Cuunnins, Lieutenant 
James M. Brown, and Lieutenant P. J. O'Mullin. In 
the spring of the year 18G9, Lieutenant Brown retired 
from his position as second olficer and Captain 
Cummins sidmutted the name of Color-Seru'eant 
Vaughan for the approval of the company — the 
appointment being conhrmed. This is the first case 
in which an ofHcer had got his position without a 
contest and marked the change under the new regula- 
tions. The subject of uniform was also a ti'oul)lesome 
one just at this time, as the company had taken in a 
number of new mend)ers for whom clothino- had to 
be provided, and the government liad not so far issued 
uniforms to the militia companies. The lady friends 
of the compan}^ having presented a valuable silver 
cup, to be tired for this year, the competition took 
place on September 14th, C(jlor-Se]-geant M. Davis 
being the winner of the prize. The company mustered 
to the nundjer of sixty, ant] at the brigade inspection 

■if ^^ 

.'.I Ml' 



on December 13tli the company paraded with seventy 
men, being known as No. 5 in tlie battalion. 

In January following (18(i!j) J^ieutenant O'Mnllin 
resigned his position in the Halifax Ritles, and in 
March was succeeded by Color-Sergeant Thomas J. 
Walsh, who was appointed Ensign ; and in the spring 
of the year another inspection of the battalion was 
held in which the company took part. Three prizes 
were voted oat of the funds for the best attendance 
at drill during the year 1SG9, and on Easter Monday 
the company had a quadrille party at Masonic Hall, 
which was very successful. The Dominion grant 
(80.50 for each man) was paid in May, and the differ- 
ence between the Dominion currency in which the 
amount was paid, antl the Nova Scotia currency in 
which the men received it, was placed in the com- 
pany funds, amounting to J? 1 1. 00. 

The Halifax Rifles turned out as a i>uard of honor 
to Prince Arthur in the spring of this j'ear, and on 
the 24th of May attended a grand review with the 
regular troops on the Conunon, Colonel Ansell, the 
reviewing officer, complimenting the volunteers on 
their creditable appearance. In September the mem- 
bers of tlie company were measured for their new 
uniforms. This was the first uniform for which they 
had not to pay. They also I'cceived a small sum 
as a recompense for the use of their uniforms from 
the time of their re-enrollment under the Dominion 
Militia Act, which amounted to three dollars per man. 



In March, 1871, the company had anotliLT qua- 
drille party, and, as it was found that many of the 
old company laws wcri' not in accordance with the 
Dominion rei:;'nlations, a committee was appointed in 
April to revise the rules of the company. 15y these 
new rules the quarterly dues (37 i cents Nova Scotia 
currency) were increased to 40 cents Dominion cur- 
rency. The Halifax Rities lost this year by death 
Color-Sergeant M. Davis, who had been a zealous and 
etlective mend)er of the company. His comrades gave 
him a full military funeral and paid all the expenses 
of his burial. On account of these expenditures and 
the company having paid the sum of twenty dollars 
to one of the markers who had Ixmmi injured at the 
firing, the funds were down very low. On this being 
made known the men subscribed the sum of fifty 
dollars in addition to their regular quarterly dues. 

Nothing of inq^ortance took place in the affairs 
of the Halifax Rifles during 1872-3, except that 
Captain Cummins obtained the rank of Major, still, 
however, retaining connnand of the company ; but, 
in the next year, 1874, Lieutenant Vaughan having 
been appointed to the command of No. 6 company, 
Lieutenant Walsh took command of the Halifax 
Rifles and Sergeant Thomas J. Egan was appointed 
Ensign. In 187'") Captain Walsh gave three prizes 
for the best attendance at drill, and in June of this 
year Private A. W. McLellan was elected Ensign in 
the Halifax Rities. No change took place in 1876, 




the company contiiiuii\!:>- to keep its usual record i'or 
j^'ood attendance and soldierly appearance at parades. 
In October, 1877, one of tlie nieiabcrs of the com- 
pany having- di(><l, loavini;- a widow and family in 
poor circumstances, the men of the company suo- 
scrihed the sum of twenty-eiL;ht dollars ; a di-aft 
was made from the company's funds and, heing* sup- 
plemented l»y a sul»sc'ri[»tion fi-om (he oiliccrs, the 
amount was ])resented to the widow and proved most 
acceptable. In the fall of this year Lieutenant A. \V. 
McLellan severed his connection with the Halifax 
Rifles. The expenses now incurred in manaj^'ing- the 
company being very small the dues were reduced to 
one dollar per year. In 1878, one of the members of 
the company — William Townshend — was accidentally 
drowned in the harbor, and a letter of condolence 
was sent by the company to his parents. In 1879 the 
Halifax Rifles made no changes. In 1880, Captain 
Walsh having been promoted to the rank of Major, 
Lieutenant Thomas J. Egan assumed command of the 
company and Private Walter G. Jones was elected 
Lieutenant. The members of the company presented 
Major Walsh with a silver-plated sword, and an 
address congratulating him on his promotion. In 
1881, the Halifax Rifles mustered in full force with 
the battalion, and took part in the review and inspec- 
tion held by the Marquis of Lome at Sussex, N. B., 
and also took part in a review on Halifax Common, 
in the presence of the Marquis of Lome, the regular 




troops also takini;' part in tlic latter review, which 
included a i-raml sham-fiLfht. In Noveniher of this 
year John E. Hntler retii'cd from the otHce of Treas- 
urer, a position he had held for fourteen years. 
About the end of December the Halifax Rifles 
attended the funeral of Captain Mumford, and also 
formed part of the guard of honor at the opening of 
the House of Assembly, l)oth guards being under the 
connnand of the Captain of the company. 

In December, 1S82, Private Cyrus K. Fiskc was 
elected third ofhcer of the company; and in July 
following (1.SS3) Captain Egan was promoted to the 
rank of Major, the command of the company being 
given to Lieutenant Jones, wl>o retained his rank of 
Lieutenant. In October the non-commissioned officers 
and men of the company presented their late Captain, 
Major Egan, with a field officer's regulation bridle 
with chains and bits complete — the whole in a very 
handsome case. In August, 1884, a special meeting 
of the Halifax Ritlcs was held for the purpose of 
electing Lieutenant John j\leagher a member of the 
company. Lieutenant Jones not being able to attend 
to the duties and not wishing to retain command. 
Lieutenant Meagher wms soon after promoted to the 
rank of C-aptain, and has had command up to the 
present time, 1887, Lieutenant W. J. Butler being 
appointed second officer. In November of 1884, the 
company had the rules and l)y-laws revised, and most 




of the reinaiiiinn!: rules of the oriojinal Halifax Rilles 
were now omittecl. The dues of the company were 
increased to $1.50 per year. In April, 1885, tlie 
company mustered for active service in the North- 
West and fifteen of the members, with Lieuteuant 
Fiske, joined tlie provisional battalion. All the mem- 
bers of the company retuined home at the end of 
the disturbance, and re-joined. In 188(), Lieutenant 
W. J. Butler was transferred to the command of 
No. 4 compan}'", and up to the present date no third 
officer has been appointed to his })lace. 

The Halifax liitles have always been considered 
one of the best companies in the battalion, being 
relied upon by the commanding officer at all times 
to shew a good muster on parade, and have ever pre- 
sented a soldierly appearence. There has never been 
any difficulty in filling up tlie ranks ; whenever a 
call was made, there were men to answer it. A large 
proportion of the statt' of the battalion was drawn 
from the Halifax Rifies — five Majors and one Pay- 
mO;ster having served in the company. 

Origixal Rotx of the Halifax Rifles, January IOth, I860. 

Tlios. Archer, 
Arthur Aiu^erson, 
Williiim Barron, 
Walter Barron, 
JaB. M. Brown, 
Jas. Brophy, 
Jaa. Butler, 

John Brennan, 
Pierce Bowes, 
Thos. Brophy, 
John D. Cummins, 
Jas. W. Craig, 
Michael J. Cochrane, 
John T. Compton, 




John Cane, 
Francis P. Campbell, 
John L. Craig, 
Jer. Callahan, 
Michael Delancy, 
Michael Dwyer, 
John Egan, 
Thos. J. Egan, 
Jas. W. Flinn, 
John Finn, 
Jas. Fitzpatrick, 
John Fitzpatrick, 
John Flynn, 
John Gaul, 
Martin Grace, 
Patrick Hayden, 
Dennis Hayden, 
Jas. Hagan, 
Jas. Hennessey, 
Richard Howard, 
Tliomas J. Isles, 
Thomas E. Kenny, 
Jas. P. Kelly, 
Michael Lannigan, 

Jas. Leddy, 
Thos. Martin, 
John Malloy, 
Thos. Meagher, 
John Murphy, 
Samuel Norris, 
P. H. O'Donncll, 
H. E. O'Donnell, 
John O'Connor, 
D. H. Pitts, 
Richard J. Purcell, 
Jas. Reardon, 
Geo. Robinson, 
Robt. H. Rogers, 
VVm. A. Smith, 
Jas. Slattery, 
Michael Sullivan, 
\Vm. Stoker, 
John Tobin, 
Donak icott, 
John Vaughan, 
Jas. Wallace, 
Patrick Wallace, 
Thomas Walsh, M. D. 


(captain BARRON.) 





ON the 1st of June, 1869, Captain Barron called 
a meeting of the men of liis company who had 
decided to re-enroll under his conniiand, and 
administered to those present the oatli of allegiance as 
required by law. M. J. Power, Esq,, was elected 
Treasurer, William McKerron, Es(|., Secretary, and 
an investigating committee was appointed. At 
another meeting held July 14th, a committee was 
appointed to draw up a code of rules for the internal 
government of the company, and during the follow- 
ing month the rales were adopted and Mr. P. H. 
O'Donnell elected as Ensi^"n ; the othcers now beinii' 
Captain Barron, Lieutenant Mackasey, Ensign P. H. 
O'Donnell. The company also filled the non-com- 
missioned ofhcei's ranks and formed part of the guard 
of honor durinn' the visit of H. R If. Prince Arthur. 
In January, 1870, the conq)any enjoyed a sleigh 
drive to Bedfoi'd, and C'a[)tain Barron was, as usual, 
a liberal contributor towards the expenses. On July 


12th the company had tlie regular prize firing at 
Bedford, and in August sent two representatives to 
the Dominion matches at Fredericton, the company 
contributing towards the expenses of the marksmen. 
In November, after the quarterly meeting of the 
company. Captain Barron entertained the officers and 
men to a dinner at Mason's Hall. Tlie health of 
Captain Barron, Captain Hayden, (battalion Pay- 
master), Lieutenant 0'J)onnell and otliers, were pro- 
posed and received with great enthusiasm. On 
Jaiuiary I7tli, 1871, tlie company enjo3'ed their annual 
sleigh drive — Captain Barron acting with his usual 

In the spring, Wm. McKerron, Esq., the Secretary, 
and M. J. Power, Esq., the Treasurer, were elected 
officers of the company, Messrs. O'Donnell and 
Mackase}' having i-esigned, and Lieutenant McKerron 
was also appointed instructoi-. At the quarterly 
meeting, held in July, the sum of thirty dollars was 
voted from the funds as prizes for the best attendance 
at drill. Paymaster Hayden contributing an additional 
prize. The companj^ had the annual firing at Bed- 
ford durinijf this month. At the arniual meetino- of 
the compan}', in January', 1S72, the quarterly dues 
were increased from ^71 cents to 40 cents and, on 
the 22nd of the same month, the company had its 
sleio-h drive to Bedford, leavincf the Grand Parade at 
9 o'clock, the services of the band being paid for out 
of the company funds. The company' had the usiml 






prize firing in July, the officers contributing liberally 
towards the fund for that purpose. 

In September, 1872, Captain Barron was appointed 
acting Major, and the company was placed in charge 
of Lieutenant MeKerron. In 1873 the company 
drilled with full ranks, and among other parades, 
took part in the funeral of the late Lieut.-Governor, 
Hon. Jos. Howe. In August, Capiain Barron having 
resigned, Lieutenant MeKerron was made Captain of 
the company. In January, 1874, the company 
formed part of the guard of honor at the opening of 
the House of Assembly, had the regular prize firing 
in July, and at the inspection in October, paraded 
with full ranks. No changes took place in 1875. 
In February, 1876, Private Thomas Hallowell was 
elected Ensign. The company had the regular prize 
firing on September 25th, and took part in the 
battalion inspection held in November. In February, 
1877, the company, with Captain MeKerron and 
Lieutenant Hallowell formed part of the guard of 
honor at the opening of the House of Assembly. In 
January, 1878, Private James Fortune was appointed 
Ensign, Lieut. Power having been transferred to No. 
G company as Captain. In August of the same year, 
the two companies under Captains MeKerron and 
Power proceeded to Bedford to perform their regular 
target practice. 

In February, 1879, Captain MeKerron was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major, and Captain Power was 

VjfiKwr^ti" "r-»<"f>.-: '•''**'7r-i; 



HALIFAX RIFLES.— (captain BARRON.) 151 

transferred to the command of tliis company. At a 
meeting held in April, a new set of rules was 
adopted, Private John jMeagher elected Ensign, 
J. B. Johnston, Secretary, the sum of twenty dollars 
suhscrihed for the family of one of the mend)ers who 
had recently died, and the company dues fixed at 
two dollars per anJium. In July a number of non- 
effective members were struck ott' tlie roll, Captain 
Power being determined not to allow any man in the 
company who would not attend drill. On the 7th of 
August the company had the regular prize firing at 
Bedford, No. G, under the conunand of Captain 
Milsom, being also present. In February, 1(S8(), 
Captain Power commanded the guard of honor on 
the arrival of the Princess Louise. At the next 
annual meeting, held December 1880, both Captain 
Power and Lieutenant Hallowell resigned their posi- 
tions. Captain Power, however, retaining his office of 
Treasurer to the company. The funds at that time 
were in a very satisfactory state. Both gentlemen 
were placed on the list of honorary mend)ers, and a 
vote of thanks tendered them for their services to the 
company. Corporal J. B. Johnston was elected to the 
vacant Lieutenancy, and Lieutenant Fortune trans- 
ferred fiom No. G to the connnand, the officers now 
being: Captain James Fortune, Lieutenant John 
Meagher, and 2nd Lieutenant J. B. Johnston. In 
July, 1881, the company had the usual target practice 
at Bedford, the pi-ize list being very liberall}' 


't I 

152 HALIFAX RIFLES.— (captain BARRON.) 

subscribed to by the officers. In January, 1882, at 
the quarterly meeting of the company, a vote of 
thanks was passed to Lieutenant Johnston for his 
very efficient services as Secretaiy, lie liaving been 
transferred to No. 1, by order of the commanding 
officer. No clianges took phice during the rest of this 
year, Lieutenant JVEeagher acting as Secretary. At 
the annual meeting of the company in April, 1883, 
Sergeant M. Cullen was elected Sccretar}^, and Pri- 
vate Charles R. Fletcher, 2nd Lieutenant. In July, 
1883, Lieutenant Meau'her was transferred to No. 5 
company. In April, 1885, Captain Fortune and 
Lieutenant Fletchei*, with nine non-commissioned 
officers and men of the company, joined the pro- 
visional battalion for active service in the North-West. 
On the conclusion of the disturbance the contino-ent 
rejoined the l)attalion. In 188G, owing to ill-health 
and other causes. Captain Fortune was unable to take 
any active part in the working of the company, and 
Lieutenant Fletcher beini,^ on leave, Lieutenant W. 
J. Butler was placed in counnand, and in 1887 
appointed Captain of the company. 



/T\HE first meeting to organize tliis company was held 
in what was known as the Merchants Exchange 
Buihling, Prince St., on the evening of Dec. 23i'(l, 
1859. There was a ""ood attendance of Ii-islimen, and 
the company organized under Wm. Condon, Esq. This 
gentleman was elected Captain by tlie company, but 
the choice did not meet with the approval of the 
commander-in-chief. The cause of this, the first 
case of disapproval by tlie authoi-ities of the selec- 
tion of a company, requires explanation. Some 
time previous a number of laborers, principally 
Irishmen, were bi'ought to Nova Scotia from 
the United States, ostensibly to work on railways, 
but the real, or supposed object, was to recruit 
the ranks of the Foreign Legion, a corps the English 
Goveriunent had, just before the end of the Crimean 
War, taken active n)easures to organize. Mr. 
Condon, as president of the Cliaritabh^ Irisli Society, 
considered it his dut}^ to interfere in the case of the 
L'ishmen in the draft from the Lnited States, and 
was thus l.)rought into conflict with the government. 






The sentiments expressed by him at that time were 
considered sufficient cause by the authorities to decline 
granting him the command of a volunteer company. 
The Irish Volunteers showed their good spirit and 
loyalty by accepting the decision of the Commander- 
in-Chief, and elected Peter Bulger, Captain ; Patrick 
Delaney and John Doran, 1st Lieutenants ; Thos. R. 
Granville and John ])illon, 2nd Lieutenants. The 
company adopted grey as the cjlor for the uniform, 
the facings being light green, with a light green horse 
hair plume in the hat. This company was exclusively 
Irish, and tlie appearance of the men on parade did no 
discredit to their nationality, they being acknowledged 
as the most able body of men in tlie city. The Irish 
Volunteers diilled in the winter of l!S(iO with tlie 
other city companies, and was one of the six which 
composed the Halifax Volunteer Battalion. They 
took part in the review on the 8th of June, 18G0, 
and also at the reception of the Prince of Wales in 
July. On tlie departure of His Royal Highness, 
the Irish Volunteer Ritles, witli the Halifax Rifles, 
formed the guard of honor at Windsor, the two 
companies proceeding there by special ti'ain for the 

Considerable jealousy had existed between these 
two companies, both being composed of Irishmen or 
men of Irish descent, and both had been formed 
simultaneously, the Halifax Rilies, however, first on 
the list ; Ait this place was claimed by the Irish 





Volunteor.s. Tlie coinniissions of tlie Captains were 
issued at al)Out tlie same time, but Captain Bulg'er 
was senior, and at the L;uard at Windsor took com- 
mand. Tlie compan}^ went tlu'0UL;-li a course of posi- 
tion drill and ball practice at Point Pleasant during 
the fall, Corporal Franklin of the Irish Volunteers 
makini,^ the liighest score of the city foi'ces. During 
1(SG1 the Irish \''olunteers took pai't in all the battalion 
parades, and at the rille match for the Jh'itish National 
Association Medal in Octol)er, were represented 
by Serg(.'ants Wat. Kelley and James Quinn. \n 
December the company was inspecte<l by Eail Mub 
grave and General ])oyle, and in January, 1802, by 
Colonel Taylor, inspecting officer from England. In 
July, Dr. J. ])enham Hume was elected Surgeon, and 
in ()ctober, Daniel II. Pitts, 1st Lieutenant, and W\ 
J. Croke, 2nd Lieutenant — Messrs. Delaney and 
Dillon having resigned. In Api'il, 18G3, the com- 
pany had a dramatic performance at the Theatre 
Royal, Spring Gardens, — the amateurs of the com- 
pany being assisted by ]\[r. and Mrs. Davenport ; the 
battalion band also taking paj"t. The performance 
was a success and was well pati'onized. On April 
14th, the marriage of the Prince of Wales was 
celebrated, and the Irish Volunteers took an active 
part in the parades and review held. On the 28th 
the dramatic performance was repeated, and on the 
following day the Irish Volunteers with the Dartmouth 
Rifles, formed the guard of honor at the opening of 




tlic House of Asscin1)ly. Tlio company also took part 
in the cclchnition on tlio 21st of Jnno. 

The amateur theatricals held in Api'il had hcen so 
successful that the company decided to give another 
performance, the proceeds to be demoted to the aid of 
the suffering'- poor in Ireland. T rformance took 

place on July 9th, at the Royal. On Sep- 
tember the 15th, the company had their ball practice 
at the Fort Ncedham range. At the provincial match 
held at Truro, October 2 1st, the Irish Volunteers were 
represented by Private P. llickey, Sergeant Doran 
and Sergeant Wat. Ivelly. On November Gth, the 
Irish Volunteers won the battalion bnii'le, shot for bv 
teams of five from each of the companies, thus having 
the honor of being the first to win this much prized 

In 1864 the Irish Volunteers did not keep up with 
the other companies of the battalion in efficiency A 
change had been made in the organization of the city 
fire department, and a number of the members of the 
Irish Volunteers joined the Engine Company. This 
withdrew their interest from the volunteer forces, 
and, on the embodiment of the battalion in 1805 the 
Irish Volunteer Rilhvs did not continue their services, 
the Halifax lliHes forming a second company, which 
took their place in the battalion ; such of the mem- 
bers as wished to continue, joining the new company. 
No records or books of the Irish Volunteer Rifles 
are now in existence. 



/T\HIS Company was organized in Dartmouth early 
in INGO, and elected as Captain, David Falconer, 
Esq., and as Lieiits. J. W. Johnston, (now Judge 
Johnston) and Jos. Austen ; H. 11. Weeks, M.D., being 
Suro-eon. The company drilled in Dartmoutli until the 
formation of the Halifax \\jlunteer l]attalion, in May, 
18G0, this hein<^' one of the six companies originally 
composing it. For battalion drill, the Dartmouth 
Eitles came across each evening by the ferry steamer, 
arrangements being made for this purpose. On the 
departure of the Piince of Wales from Halifax, the 
Dartmouth Rities with two other companies, proceed- 
ed to Truro to form a guard of honor at that place. 

This company was one of the first to encourage 
ritie practice among its members, establishing a 
ranoe for their use. At the P. 11. M. at Windsor, in 
Oct, LSGl, Private T. Gentles and H. Dart, represented 
the company. In December, the Dartmouth Rifles 
were inspected by General Doyle, and in January 
following by Colonel Taylo'- By their smart and 





solcliorl}' appearance tlicy made a ci^ood impression on 
l)otli olHcers. On account oi' tlie formation of tlie 
])artmoutli Engineers, tlie Dartmoutli Ililies liad 
diHiculty in kee})ing tlieir ranks recruited, consider- 
able rivalry existing between the two companies, and 
the town not being sufHciently populous to support 
both. No changes took place amonu' the officers of 

ox o 

the company until Sept., LSG.'J, when Lieutenant 
Johnston resigned his commission. At the riHe match 
at Truro, held on Oct. 2lst, the company was repre- 
sented by Thos. (lentles and George Publicover. Jn 
June, l<S(j)i, Captain Falconer resigned his command, 
and on July 1st the Dartmouth lliHes were disbanded, 
the company not being up to the strength required by 


/J\HIS company was organized in the winter of 18G0, 
and was composed exclusively of mechanics or 
men connected with mechanical pursuits. The 
first Captain elected was Richard Hartshorne, Esq., 
and the Lieutenants were Thos. A. Hyde and Thomas 
Synnott. A spirit of rivalry soon developed between 
this company' and the Dartmouth Rities, the latter 
havino" been formed a month before the Eno-ineers. 
The original intention of the members was to continue 
their organization as sappers and engineers, for which 
the mechanical training of the men particularly fitted 
them, but no provision was made ])y the militia 
authorities for this pai'tieular kind of training. 
The Engineers took part in the reception of the 
Prince of Wales, and in the reviews and parades 
during his visit. On his departure, the company 
proceeded to Truro, and there formed a guard of 
honor to H. R. Highness. On May 14th, 1861, 
Captain Hartshorne resigned his connnand, Lieutenant 
Hyde taking charge of the company. Renewed efforts 
were now made to secure special training as engineers, 



and application was made, through the Adjutant- 
General, for instructors from the Royal Engineers in 
garrison, but the request was not complied with. In 
Octobei', Privates Isaac Publicover and T. Keys repre- 
sented the Engineers at the Provincial RiHe ^latch 
at Windsoi', Private Publicover makinii: the second 
highest score for the medal, being but one point 
behind the winner, Private C. R. Kinncar. The com- 
pany was now in a very unsatisfactory state, the 
captain having resigned, and Lieutenant Hyde 
unwilling to accept tlie position. 

In November, the company elected Wm. H. 
Pallister of Halifax, Captain, and this gentleman 
having accepted tlie position, soon restored tlie com- 
pany to a healthy state. In 1862, having failed in all 
their efforts to perfect themselves as engineers, 
the company entered the battalion, taking the centre 
and being known as the 2nd Dartmoutli. Under the 
energetic management of Captain Pallister, the com- 
pany took a leading plac(^ in the volunteer force and 
roon distanced their rivals, tlie " Ritles.*' In 18G8, 
Wm. \V. Smith., M. 1)., was elected Surgeon, and pt the 
Provincial RiHe match at Truro, in October, the 
company was i-epresented by Sergeants Jas. Stewart, 
Isaac Publicover, An(n'ew Robl), and H. Dart. In 
1864, the Dartmouth Ritles liaving disbanded, the 
" Enu'ineers "' I'eceived considerable additions to their 
ranks and, on the expiration of the term of service, 
re-eiu'olled with tlie battalion. Captain Pallister 




having been iippointod iiiiijor of tliu nattalion, W. S. 
Syuionds was ajjpointed Lieutenant in February, 
18G5, and in July following', Captain oi' tlie company. 
Dr. J. B. Garvic w.-is at tlie sanu; time (July lOtb) 
appointed Sui'^foii. ( )n July 2stb, S. K. Sircom, who 
liad for some time biMMi in tlic ('licbueto Uroj's, liold- 
inu' the rank of Seri-'eant, was elected Lieutenant, and 
in Ano'ust J. W. Hay was also elected a Licnitenant. 

In March, 186G, on the alarm of a Fenian 
invasion, the Dartmouth company was promptly 
on hand and, in case of necessity, was to muster 
at Dartmouth to await orders as to their des- 
tination. In April, J. S. C^ampbell was elected 
Lieutenant. In June, on the callini;' out of the 
battalion for gairison duty, the company furnished 
the largest quota of any of the city companies except 
the Halifax Rifles— thirtv-two men, two sei'i>eants, 
and two corporals being the mnnber supplied : all the 
officers, (,^i[)tain Symonds and Lieutenants Sircom, 
Hay and Camplx'll being on <luty. The company was 
relieved from duty on July '^Oth. \w Januai-y, LS70, 
the compan' attendcMl tlie funeral of the late Surgeon, 
J. B. Garvie, who had l)een promoted to the raidv of 
Surgeon in the battalion. louring the winter of 
1871, the company drilled at hcad(]uarters, under 
Lieutenant Hny, on Wednesday evening of each week. 
On February 17th, lieutenant Hay was promoted to 
the rank of Ca})tain. The company did not, however, 
attend in a satisfactory manner and, durinu" the 




I- i 

spring the rifles and great coats were called in for 
inspection and were not again issued. The officers of 
the company soon after resigned and the second 
division of the Scottish company took the place of 
the Dartmouth Enoineers in the battalion. 


in for 
cers of 
iace of 

! i 

1: t 




Extract from ''Royal Gazette," May 2nd, 18(i0. 


TTead Quarters, ITaUfax, 

Ailjutavt GexeraPs Office, 

May 2itd, isr.i). 

His Excellency the CoMMAXDER-TX-CnrEF has 
been pleased to direct the issue of the following- 
General Orders : "^ 

General Order. 

Head Quarters, Halifax, 

May 1st, 1860. 
It being necessary that the relative seniority of 
the Volunteer Companies should he defined, in order 
that no inconvenience should arise when actino- 
together, His Excellency the (biiunander-in-Chief 
has been pleased to the different companies 
as follows-they will take precedence accor.linoly • 

XT ^ ^ 

Mo. 1. Yarmouth Volunteer Rifles. 

2. Colchester Rifles. 

3. 1st (Company Dighy Regiment. 

4. Amherst Volunteer Rifles. 
•'). Paradise Rifles. 

6. Albion Mines Local Volunteers~lst Com- 




P: . 


No. 7. Aljion Mines Local Volunteers — 2nd 

8. Mulgrave Ritle Company, C. B. 

9. Sydney Mines Local Volunteers — 1st 

Company, C. B. 

10. Sydney Mines Local Volunteers — 2nd 

Company, C. B. 

11. Scottish Rifle Company. 

12. Chebucto Greys. 

13. Kings County Rifles. 

14. Mayflower Rifles. 

15. Halifax Rifles. 

10. 1st Company Irish Volunteers. 

17. Coast Rangers. 

18. Hillsburgh Rifles. 

19. Victoria Rifles. 

20. Dartmouth Volunteer Rifles. 

21. Granite Rifle Company. 

22. Hawkesbury Rifles, C. B. 

23. Bridgewater Rifle Company. 

24. Halifax Volunteer Engineers. 

25. Dartmouth Volunteer Engineers. 

26. Upper Stewiacko Volunteers. 

27. Union Coast Guard. 

28. Chedabucto Greys. 

29. Highland Rifle Company, Pictou. 

30. Sydney Volunteer Rifles, C. B. 

By Command, 

Edw. Wallace, A. 0. M. 




General Ordeji on the Landing of H. R. H. 
THE Prince of Wales. 

Head Quarters Volunteer Rifle Brigade, 

Halifax, July ^th, 1860. 

General Order. 

As soon as three guns announce tlie approach of 
H. R. H. the Prince of Wales, the volunteers will 
prepare to fall in, and will assemble on the Pavilion 
Parade hy the time that the Royal Salute is fired by 
the ships. 

As soon as TT t, jj ^^.^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^,^ ^^^^^^^^ 

the space in the Ini. o. ihe procession allotted to the 
volunteers must be lined by them within two hours 
irom that time. 

The A. D. C. will report at tlie Dockyard when 
all IS ready. 

^ The men will present arms, by companies, as the 
rnnce approaches. 

By order, 
(Sgd.) William Ciiearnley, 


Field Day. 

i]7e7?to.— States are to be prepared to be delivered 
by the officers commanding companies to the officer 



tu ■ ! '■ 

coiniiiaiiding tliu battalion, who will Hll in a general 
state to be delivered to the Adjutant-General. 

By order, 
(8gd.) William Ciiearnley. 

Memo. — On the occasion of tlic Volunteer Field 
Day, which is to take place before H. R. H. the Prince 
of Wales, ofHcers in command of respective companies 
of volunteers appearing ^i. parade, will please hand 
in a state of their com^.aniesto Capt. Chearnley, from 
which he will make out a general state. 

By order, 

(Sgd.) H. Blicii Sinclair, 

A. G. M. 

Extracts fiiom the Regulations and Orders for 
THE Local Forces of Nova Scotia. 

Halifax, N. S., March 13th, 1861. 

Revlaed Regulations to he observed in the future 
formation of Volunteer Corps in the Province of 
Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. 

10. In the future formation of the above Corps 
the following regulations will be adopted : 

1st. A preliminary meeting will be held, and on 
its being determined to organize, members will sign a 
a roll, individually declaring their intention of joining 
and taking the Oath of Allegiance. 





2n(]. Wlien at any inoctiiiL'' the number on the 
roll, and present, amounts to forty-iive, a committee 
will l)e appointed to draw out Rules and By-Laws, 
to lie transmitted to Head Quarters, for the approval 
of tlie Cominan<ler-in-Clnef ; a Secretary will also bo 
chosen for the time beini;'. Vohniteer corps failing 
to maintain 45 effectives are liable to be disbanded, 
by order. 

8rd. On the By-Laws being returned from Head 
Quarters, approved, tlie corps may elect an acting 
captain — if the election is by ballot the Secretary "pro 
tern, will carefully record the number of votes polled. 
Subse(pient elections will be similarly conducted. 

4th. Full minutes of all proceedings, containing 
iHiHd)ers present and voting, will be forwarded to 
the Adjutant-General. A copy of the Muster Roll, 
alluded to in No. 2, will also be furnished. 

(Precepts and directions for administering the 
Oath of Allegiance are forwarded from Head 

ath. Tt being an imperative condition that no 
votes be polled at any election except those of bona 
fide members, in intention or fact — members are to 
use their utmost vigilance to preclude the possibility 
of any votes being given by persons attending meet- 
ings for the sole pur[)ose of voting, as the Commander- 
in-Chief will feel it to be his duty to annul any 
irregular ])i'oceedings. 





(jtli. Tho confinnatioii of the {ippoiiitinciits ol' 
CoivmiissioiKMl OHicci'soF Volnnt(','is will 1m> snlijiK't to 
tlu'. same roii'ulatioiis as ai'c laid down Tor the Militia; 
tliu elected a|>])()inU'(>s Ixmul;' rc(|uii'»'d (d |»ass nn 
exaiuination in C()ni[)any di'ill l>y a Held ollicci* Itd'orc 
their coiniiiissioiis are issued. 

(yOnniiissioned OlTieei's duly dectiMl, ai'e to hold 
actini,^ rank until linal approval. (Vi(hj *>rd under 
this liead.) 

On tlie el(3ction of any CoinuiissioniMJ OllieiM", after 
a]ipi" of IJy-Laws the followiiiL;' certificate, sii^'iied 
hy tlie Chairnuin and Secretary of tlie ni(ujtin<^, will 
have to be forwarde<l to the A. G. M. : 

From this date V^olunteer ('orps can only be 
authorized on the recommendation of the senior 
Militia OfKcer of their Re^'imental District. 

This is to certify that was duly 

elected to be of the 

Volunteer Company, in strict conforuiity with the 
regulations of a Militia General Oi-der, dated March 
ISth, 18G1, and with the approved IJye-Laws of the 
above Company. 

(Signed,) , Chalviiut'ii. 

, Secretary. 

Volunteer corps must themselves be responsible 
for observance of conformity to their approved 




Dkt.mi- ok Sii»)(itin(! iitu 'I III". Na'i'ional Association's I'iu/.k 
Mi;i>\L, Ai' WiNosoi;, N. S., Isr anh "Jsk Ocroni:!:, ISiil. 




1 rtc. ('. K. Kiiimar. . 

2 II J. I'lililicovcr. . 
.'J Stu'i^^t. W. I;c1(1hi' . . 
4 Coipl. J, Jjiciiiijui . . 
GlSeigt. W. Kelly . .. 
GJl'tc. .J. Milliige .... 

7 II James Dunne 

8 Sei'^t.-Majoi' McNal). 

9 Sei'gt. Cunninyl'.ain . . 

10 Capt. McDonald 

1 1 1 Lieut. Malion 

12 II Townsend . . 
l^iCorpl. (i. i^iston. . 

14 I'tc. IJ. Hanin,L,^t()n . 

15 M A. liutcliins. . . . 
Hi Sei'gt. J. (i)uinn . . . . 

17 II W. II. 

18 II J. Maloney . .. 

19 I'te. T. Keys 



It 'r. (ientles . 

M 11. Dait.. . 

II C. Caldwell. 


T. ,1. Kgan .. 

II II. Baily 

Sergt. C. A. Veits 

20 Capt. Ces)o>- 

27,L'te. jNeil naid. 

281 II Geo. J ivA-. . . 
29;Corpl. B. J.Liiey .. 
.SO (.'apt. LeVisconte . 
Sl'iSeigt. R. Dakiu . . 

(.'heltueto ( Jreys 

I )artni()utli Kn^ineers . 
I I'lince of Wales Uilles 

Halifax Killes 

Ist Ii'IhIi Killes ,. . . 

Annapolis Killes 

Annapolis Killes 

jMayllower Killes 

Artillery Killes, Di-hy. 
illawkeshuiy Killes . . . 
;('liedal)iieto (heys . . . 

|\'arniouth Killes 

|\'ictona Killes (eoloied) 

X'lielHieto ( iicys 

'Scottish Killes 

list Irish Killes 

Paradise Killes 

JMayllower Killes 

Dartmouth Kii^ineers. . 

Dartmouth iUlles 

Dartmouth Killes 

Scottish Killes 

Halifax Killes 

Yarmouth Killes 

Artillery Killes, Di,L;l)y.. 

King's Co. Killes 

I'aradise Killes 

Hawkeshury Killes 

Victoria Killes (colored) 

Mulgrave Killes 

Prince of Wales Killes. 

.'U Competitors, making (irand Total 

Five rounds at each ranye. — Total avera<:e of 



( i i;.-' 

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8 7 


tJ i 



3 1 








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9 7 



10 4 







1 1 







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Genkral Ordek in Rkkeuence to Elections. 

i) ^ 

0/fice of A. G. M., 

Halifax, May 5th, ISGS. 

J)urin;^^ the ensiiini,^ election, from the 19th to the 
.SOtli May, all drill and other military business 
connected with the provincial forces will be suspended, 
when all ranks are prohibited from appearing in 

Officers commandiiio- corps are also requested to 
suspend all re<jfimental or company meetings during 
that interval, except on great emergency. 

In case of absolute necessity requiring any such 
meetings lieing called together, presiding officers are 
responsible that no subjects whatever, connected with 
the elections, be introduced or discussed. 

By order of the Connnander-in-Chief, 

R. 1>. Sinclair, A, G. M. 



:o the 
ng in 

ted to 

/ such 
srs are 
d with