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Rt. Rev. W. H. De Lancey, Bishop of Western New York. 


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This volume is simply a separatoly-printed chapUM" from " Scharf's His- 
tory of Westchester County." Owing to the rapidity with which the chapter 
was originally printed, a very ivw points intended to have appeared therein 
were accidentally omitted. > 

., .1 I , .1 


The Town of Mamaroneck was erected as a Town 
with its present boundaries by the "Act for dividing 
the Counties of this State into Towns," passed the 
7th of March 1788.> The language of the Act is, 
"And all that part of the said County of Westchester, 
bounded southerly by New Rochelle, easterly by the 
Sound, Northerly by Mamaroneck River, and westerly 
by the Town of Scarsdale, shall be, and hereby is, 
erected into a Town, by the n;inie of Mamaroneck." 
Scarsdale, which comes just befoi - Mamaroneck in the 
Act, was erected into a town witii these boundaries: 
" Westerly by Bronx River, Southerly by the Town of 
Eastchester and New Rochelle, easterly by the East 
Bounds of a Tract of Land called the Manor of Scars- 
dale, and Northerly by the North Bounds of the 
said Manor of Scarsdale." Both Towns were carved 
out of the old Manor of Scarsdale, hence the ref- 
erence to Scarsdale in the boundaries of each. The 
latter have never been altered since the erection of 
the Town and are its bounds to-day. It fronts upon 
Long Island Sound, and extends from it north- 
westward nearly four miles, with an average width 
of nearly three miles. It is situated twenty-one miles 
Northeast of New York City, and is distant South 
from Albany, the Capital of the State of New York, 
about one hundred and forty miles, and the village 
is south from White Plains, the county seat, seven 
miles. All these distances are those of the roads as 
they existed prior to the introduction of Rail-Roads. 

The town of Mamaroneck has an area of about 4000 
acres, or fij square miles. Its population as shown by 
the State and U. S. census reports at different periods, 
has been as follows: in ]7!K), 452: in 1800,503; in 
1810, 4%; in 1814, 7!)7; in 1820, 878; in 1825, 1032; 
in 1830, 838 ; in 1835, 882 ; in 1840, 141 (! ; in 1845, 780 ; 
in 1850, 928; in 1855, 1068; in I860, 1351 ; in 1865, 
1392; in 1870, 1484; in 1875, 1425; in 1880, 1863. 
Owing to a political squabble in 1885, the Legislature 
being Republican, and the (Governor a Democrat, the 
former would not pass a law to take a census in that 
year, consequently there are no figures for it, but the 
population is now believed to be 2000. The average 
number of voters is about 350. 

The name is Indian, and signifies "The Place where 
the Fresh water falls into the Salt," and describes the 
unusual natural fact, that the bed of the Mamaro- 
neck River some distance above the place of the 
present bridge connecting it with the town of Rye, 

> II, June! and Vdrck's Ijiwi, 3in. 

(at which place a bridge did not exist till the ynt 
1800) was originally crossed by a ledge of rocks 
sufficiently high to prevent the tide rising above 
it, over which the fresh water fell directly into the 
salt water, and at low tide with a strong rush and 
sound.' The Indians gave the name to the place of 
this uncommon occurrence and to the River itself. 

In the earliest deeds and documents, the word is 
spelled " Momoronock," "Maraoronack"and "Mam- 
aranock;" the modern spelling does not seem to 
have obtained generally till toward the middle of the 
eighteenth century. Very many ways of spelling 
this word are met with, but all evidently aiming at 
expressing its Indian sound. The Indians having no 
written language, all their names and other words 
which we now have, are based upon the reproducing 
of their spoken sounds in our letters. If a Dutch- 
man, Frenchman or an Englishman, undertook to 
write the same word from an Indian's mouth, very 
different looking and sounding words would be pro- 
duced. And as very many of our New York Indian 
terms and names represent an English spelling of a 
Dutch or French translation of an Indian sound, we 
should never be surprised at any variety of spelling." 

Though erected a town so late as 1788, Mama- 
roneck is one of the oldest places in the County and 
the State, dating back to 1661, when the then 
Indian owners Wappaquewam and Mahatahan 
sold and deeded their individual lands to John 
Richbell, an Englishman, on the 21st of Sep- 
tember 1661. Long previous to this time, and in the 
year 1640 the entire and general Indian title, both 
to the land and the sovereignty, of all the territory 
of southeastern Westchester and Connecticut as far 
east as the Norwalk Islands inclusive, had been ob- 
tained for the Dutch West India Company by pur- 
chase by Governor Kieft, through Cornelius van Tien- 
hoven, from the Siwanoy Indians.* Richbell however 
was the first white man to purchase the individual 
right of the local Indian owners to the lands at Ma- 

He was an Plnglishman of a Hampshire family of 

3 Time, blflHting, and a Buccewtun uf danii, have oliliterated the orig- 
inal ledge, but tkv remains of the reef can still be seen. 

^Ithaa iHien stateil that " Mamaroneck'* meant *' the place of rolling 
stones,** but for this f can not titid any authority. Therv are not rolling 
stones anywiiere about Mamaroneck either in the rirer or the town, 
though Iwth abound with rocks I'li ailil, lu the lauguaguof the geologista. 

* I. Brod. '200, 11. AUiaiiy Kscerds 78, 147, II. Ua»ird 27;i, 1. O'Call, 
N. N. 21.1. 


Bouthampton or its neighborhood, who were mer- 
chai.ts ill London, and who had business tranaactions 
with the West Indies and with New England. He 
was in CharlcHtown Massachusetts in 1648 according 
to Siivagc's (tenealogical Dictionary, and he appears 
in an Inventory of the estate of Robert Gibson of 
Boston, as owing the estate 36£ on the 8th of August 
1656. Prior to 1657 he had I)een in St. Christopher's 
Island in the West Indies. In 1657 he entered into 
a business pnrtnershi]> in Barbadoes, then the centre 
of the English trade with the West Indier ar.d North 
America, being at that time, ns it is now, an English 
Island. The severe aud oppressive English Naviga- 
tion laws the scope of >vhich Cromwell had enlarged, 
and which he strictly enforced, drove many English- 
men at that period to embark in a contraband trade, 
a trade whicli increased in the nextcentury to so great 
an extent in North America, that the severe measurts 
adopted by the English Government to suppres. it 
in the latter part of that century provJ to be one of 
the strongest, if not very strongest of the causes of 
the American Revolution. ' At Barbadoes the follow- 
ing curious and striking agreement was entered into 
by John Richbell with Thomas Modi ford of that island, 
and William Siiarpe of Southampton, to establish on 
the North American coast a plantation for the carry- 
ing on a trade not permitted by the Navigation laws. 

It is headed, 

" iMtrucUons delivered Mr. John Richbell in order to 
the intended settlement of a Plantation in the south-west 
parts of New England, in f>eha(f of himself and of 
nibtcrihers .•" 

" God sending you to arrive safely in New England 
our advice is that you informeyourselfe fully by sober 
understanding men of that parte of land which lyeth 
betwixt Connecticott and the Dutch CoUony and of 
the seacoast belonging to the same and the islands 
that lye bettwixt Long Island and the Maine, viz. : 
within what government it is, and of what kinde 
that government is, whether very strict or remisse, 
who the Chiefe Magistrates are, on what termea ye 
Indians stand with them, and what bounds the Dutch 
pretend to, and being satisfyed in these particulars, 
(viz.) that you may with security settle there and 
without oiTence to any. Then our advise is that you 
endeavor to buy some small Plantation that is already 
settled and hath an house and some quantity of 
ground cleared and which lyeth so as you may en- 
large into the woods at pleasure in each, be sure not 
to fayle of these accommodations. 

" I. That it be near some navigable Ryver, or at least 
some safe port or harbor, and that the way to it be 
neither longe or difficult. 

"II. That it he well watered by some running 
streame or at least by some fresh ponds and springs 
near adjoining. 

■ The ramoiia came of the Write at AisUtanc*, in which Juhii Adanu 
first (liRtintniiohed liiiiiHetf, were lu defence of Boeton MerchMnte en- 
gaged In thie contraband trade. 

" III. That it be well wooded which I thinke you can 
hardly misse of. That it be healthy high ground, 
not bogs or fens for the hopes of all consists in that 

" Being thus fitted with a place look carefully into 
the title and be sure to have all pretenders satisfied 
before you purchase, for to fall into an imbroylid dis- 
putable title would trouble us more than all other 
charges whatsoever. Having passed these difflcultyes 
and your family brought in the place direct your 
whole forces towards the increase of provision which 
must be according to their seasons, for planting of 
corne, pease, beanes and other provisions which the 
country affords, increasing your orchards and gardens, 
your pastures and inclosures; and for ye familyes 
employment in the long winter be sure by the first 
opportunity to put an acre or two of hemp-seed into 
the ground, of which you may in the winter make a 
ijuantity of canvass and cordage for your own use. ^n 
the fulling and clearing your ground save all y( ur 
principal timber for pipe stands and clap board and 
knee timber, &c., and with the rest endeavor to make 
Pott ash, which will sufficiently recompense the 
charge of falling the ground. But still mindfull not 
to put so many hands about the matter of present 
profitt that you do in the meane tyme neglect planting 
or sowing the grounds that are fitt for provisions, our 
further advice is that as you increase in pasture fitt 
for cattle and sheep you fayle not tostocke them well, 
but be sure never to over-stock them by taking more 
than you can well keep, for an hungry cowe will 
never turne to account. Lastly we desire you to ad- 
vise us or either of us how affairs stand with you, 
what your wants are and how they may ^e most ad- 
vantageously employed by us : for the life of our bus- 
iness will consist in the nimble, quiet and full corre- 
spondence with us; and although in these instructirms 
we have given you clearly indicates, yet we are not 
satisfied that you must needs bring in the place so 
many difficultyes and also observe many inconve- 
niencies which we at this distance cannot possibly 
imagine and therefore we refer all wholly to your 
discretion, not doubting but that you will doe all 
things to the best advantage of our designe thereby 

your faithful friends and servants 
Thos. Modiford 

Will. Sharpe.' 
Barbadoes, Sept. 18, 1657." 

The precise date of Richbell's arrival in the prov- 
ince of New York is not now known. He seems first to 
have gone to Oyster Bay Long Island, and thence to 
Mamaroneck. He certainly could not have found a 
place more in accordance with his " instructions " on 
the whole coast of North America than the latter. 

Directly on the Sound, dose to Connecticut, and 
claimed by its people, but a part of the Dutch prov- 

> De«d Bool< ili. 126, Sec. uf gtate'i OIT*, Alb. 



ince of New Nethcrlund and ruled by its authoritiex, 
with a running river fulling directly into its liarbour 
the latter overlooked by high wooded hilla, and its 
borders slcirted by the cleared " planting fields " of 
the Indians, and within a day's easy sail of the 
" Manhadoes" it was well adapted to the " nimble " 
business proposed to be can'' il on by his IJarbadoes 
friends and himself. liichbeil first went to Oyster 
Bay, where on tho r>th of Septemlier IKtJd he bought 
the beautiful ])eninsula, afterwards and still known 
as '' Lloyd's Neck." He had a controversy with the 
Oyster Bay people about some land at Matinecock, 
which he also bought, and which was finally settled 
in his favor. In ItJCS, after the English conquest he 
obtained a patent for Lloyd's Neck from Governor 
Nicolls dat(^d December 18th lt)()5, and the next year 
sold it to Nathaniel Sylvester, Thomas Hart, and 
Latimer Sampon, for 450£, by deed dated October 18, 
1666.' He then resided at Oyster Buy where in 1662 
he was appoiit.jd a constable.' In the preceding year 
1661 his name . ppearg on the Southampton Records 
as a witness to a mortgage to one Mills on a Virginia 
plantation.' In May 1601 he was one of the Commis- 
sioners for the five P^nglish Towns in Long Island." 
In the autumn of that year the English captured New 
York from the Dutch. Of the expedition to attempt 
that capture Kichbell probably hud early knowledge. 
It will be recollected that two of the ships the 
"Martin" and the "William and l^icolas," of the 
expedition sent to capture New Netherland by the 
Duke of York, were forced to run into PiseatHway, 
now Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on the 20th of 
July 1664, on board of which were Carr and Maver- 
icke, two of the Commissioners.' One or both of 
them knew, or had lettere to John Richbell who ap- 
parently was then in Boston to whom they sent the 
following communication announcing their arrival, 
written the third day after it happened, — 
"Mr. Richbell 

Wee shall desire you to make all convenient haste 
to your habitation on Long Island, and by the waye 
as you pass through the Countrey and when you come 
hither, that you acquaint such as you tliinke the 
Kings Commission" will be welcome to, and are af- 
fected for his Majestyes Service, that some of us are 
arrived here, & shall suddenly bee in Long Island 
where they hope they will be ready as in other places 
to promote his Majestyes interest, their readiness & 
affection shall be much taken notice of, and your care 
and Incouragement bee acknowledged by 
Your very lovinge friends 

Robert Carr. 

Samuel Mavericke. 
Pascataway July 23d, 1664. 

to Mr. John Richbell, there. 

III. Tliompson'a "HUt. Long bland." 
tVoI. II., 1». 

<II. TbompioD'a " Luug ItlitDd." 
< Ant*, pug* 76. 

A warrant under the same hands to prcssc a horse 
for Mr. Richbell if occasion should bee, hee paying 
for the hire." » 

Four years before, Charles II. had constituted a 
Council in England, to which he committed the care 
of the Trade with the Plantations in America. It 
was created by Royal Patent on the seventh of No- 
vember 1660. This " Council of Trade " consisted 
of the Lord High Chancellor Hyde, the Lord Treas- 
urer of England, Thomas Earl of Southampton, 
Monk Duke of Albemarle, eleven other peers and 
Nobles, twenty-three Baronets and Knights, and 
twenty five " Merchants," together sixty two persons 
all mentioned by :iame in the Patent itself. Amon^ 
the "Merchants" was included Robert Richbell, the 
brother of John. As this "Council of Trade" em- 
braced the leading public men in England at that 
day, with the noble at its head who four years later 
drew the King's Patent to his brother James for New 
York, it is almost certain that John Richbell had 
some prior intimation, from his brother, a member ol 
the same Council, of the expedition intended for the 
capture of that Province from the Dutch, and the 
persons who were to be at the head of it. Hence, 
his presence in Boston before its arrival, and if neither 
Carr nor Mavericke, the latter of whimi had been in 
America before, knew John Richbell personally, they 
undoubtedly had been informed beforehand where 
he was to be addressed and what his sentiments were, 
or they could not have written him the above letter. 

It is apparent that Richbell was a man of a better 
position than the ordinary class of Englishmen then 
in America, at the time he made his purchase of lands 
at Mamaroneck in 1661. His purchase of Lloyd's 
Neck was in September 1660. A year later on Septem- 
ber 23d 1661 he bought his lands at Mamaroneck, and 
received from its Siwanoy Indian proprietors Wap- 
paquewam and Mahatahan, their " Indian Deed " 
for them dated on that day. 

An attempt by another Englishman, also a mer- 
chant of Barbadoes, and resident of Oyster Bay, who 
seemsto have been either a business rival, or a personal 
opponent of Richbell, to outwit him and the Indians 
has singularly enough been the means of preserving 
for us a perfect history of the original purchase of 
Mamaroneck in all its details. This man was one 
Thomas Revell " merchant of Oyster Bay." Finding 
that Richbell had obtained the Mamaroneck lands in 
September 1661 Revell undertook in October of 
the same year to buy the same lands or a part of 
them, from some other Indians, including Wappaque- 
wam however, for an increased price. Richbell after 
getting his deed of the 23d of September 1661 applied 
to the Dutch Government at New Amsterdam for a 
"Ground Brief," and subsequently a " Transport," as 
the Dutch License to purchase Indian lands, and the 
Patent for them, were respectively termed. Governor 

• ntgoi. Hilt., 66. 


Stuyveaant and his Council thereupon had the pur- 
chase as well as Revell's claim thoroughly investi- 
gated and testimony taken, and after full deliberation 
decided in Richbell's favor and issued to him both 
the " Ground Brief " and the " Transport." Aaer the 
English conquest and the order directing the confir- 
mation of the Dutch grants to their proprietors and 
before his English Patent of the ItJth of October, 1668, 
was obtained, Richbell recorded these instrument 3, 
and he also had recorded the evidence taken bef»;re 
the Dutch Council, his Indian deed of June 6, 1666, 
confirming that of 1661, and an aifldavit of another 
witness of the original purchase sworn to in 1665. 

These documents in full arc as follows, and they 
give us a very lively picture of the men and matters, 
at Mamaroneck and at Manussing Island both whites 
and Indians, in the autumn of 1661. ' 

Immediately after these curious papers will be 
found the Indian Deed to Thomas Revell, and the 
Indian Power of Attorney by which he tried to defeat 
Richbell. These papers Revell had recorded in the 
records of the Town of Southampton upon Long Island 
December 23d, 1661, probably as a means of strength- 
ening his claim. Thus we have a documentary his- 
tory of both sides of this contest for the beau- 
tiful lands of Mamaroneck in the reign of Charles the 


Recorded Mar: 13CA 1666 for Mr Richbell. 
(Liber Two of Deeds 192-199, Albany). 

1. Mammaranock, y" 23d Sept. 1661. 

Know all Men by these pres". That I Wappaque- 
wani Right owner & Proprietor of part of this Land, 
doe by order of my brother who is another Proprie- 
tor & by consent of the other Indyans doe this day, 
sell, Lett & make over, from mee my heyres as- 
sigues for ever unto John Richbell of oyster 
bay his heyres & assignes for ever three necks of 
Land. The Eastermost is called Mammarsinock 
Neck, and the Westermost is bounded with M' Pells 
purchase : Therefore know all Men whom these pres- 
ents concerne that I Wappaquewam, doe this day 
alienate & estrange from niec, my heircs & assignes 
for ever unto John Richbell his heyres & assignes for 
ever, these three necks of Land with all the Mea- 
dowes Rivers & Islands thereunto belonging, also 
the sd. Richbell or his assignes may freely feed Cat- 
tle or cutt timber twenty miles Northward from the 
marked Trees of the Necks, ffor «fc in consideracon 
the sd. Richbell is to give or deliver unto the afore- 
named Wappaquewam the goods here under men- 
tioned, the one hulfe about a moneth after the date 
hereof, and the other halfe the next Spring following. 
As the Interpreters can testify, & for the true per- 

> The doings of the parties at Manuanlng lelHOd in thif matter art 
it if) believed the earliest actions in which its settlers took part outaida 
of tbenuelTse, that are now known. 

formance hereof I Wappaquewam doe acknowledge 

to have rec"*' two shirts & ten shillings in wampum 

the day & date above written, 

Twenty two Coates 

one hundred fathom of wampom 

Twelve shirttt 

Ten paire of Stockings 

Twenty hands of powder 

Twelve barrs of Leid 

Two firelockes 

flifteene Hoes 

ffifteene Hatchets 

Three Kettles " 

John Finch's affidavit. 

2. The deposition of John P'inch &. Edward Qritten 
both of Oyster bay. 

These deponents testify & affirme. That they being 
at Peter Disbroes Island ' (being to the westward of 
Greenewich) the 23'' day of September last past & 
being there employed by me John Richbell for to In- 
terpret betwixt the said Mr. Richbell & the Indyans 
(mentioned in this writing annext) about the pur- 
chase of three Necks of Land. The said deponents 
doe both of them atfirmc, that this herein written was 
a true and reall bargaine, made the day above s''. be- 
twixt the said Mr. John Richbell & the said Indyans, 
& the Condicons thereof. 

Taken before mee 

John Heickes 

Hempsteed this 20th of December 1661. 
Peter Disbrmv's affidavit. 
" The Deposicon of Peter Disbroe of Monussing Is- 
land ffitates su£e 30th. 

3. The s*" deponent upon oath Testifieth, that Mr. 
Richbell &c went to Mr. Revell (then on the Island 
afores'') & warned Mr. Revell not to buy the Land 
beyond Mammaraneck River of the Indyans, for that 
(hee said) hee had bought it already : At that time 
Wappaquewam came to my house Mr. Richbell and 
John iRnch being there also, the said Wappaquewam 
said hee was the owner of the Land, & did in my 
hearing owne that hee had sold the land to Mr. 
Richbell, but the other Indyans over persuaded him 
to sell it to Mr. Revell, because hee would give a great 
deale more ; The said Wappaquewam did also owne 
that hee had rec'd part of pay for the Land, of Mr. 
Richbell & John flinch : This to my best understand- 
ing was y* Indyans speech unto them ; Also at the 
same time the said Indian Wappaquewam did ver- 
bally o.ffer unto Mr. Richbell the Pay that hee had 
rec'd in part for the sd Land. But Mr. Richbell re- 
fused, saying hee would not receive it, but according 
to bargaine hee would have the land & pay him (the 
sd Indian) his pay : Moreover the said deponent saith 
that Mr. Revell being at his house (before the former 
discourse) that hee the said deponent did tell Mr. 

' Peter Oisbro or Disbrough, was the leading man «f tha OraaDwieli 
pwpl* who Dnt Mttlad Manniwslng Iiland. 


Revell that the Land whs af^reed for by John Finch, 
&, some part of the pay paid. Tiiis deposed unto the 

12"' of 

M 61 

Before uit 

Kichard Laws 
Francis Bell 

Affidavit of William Joanen. 

4. The depos'con of William Joaues of Monusaiiig 
iHland about 22 years of age, 

The ad Deponent upon oath testitieth, ThatThouias 
Close & himselfe be:ng mates, the said Close having 
beene at oyster bay upon his returne to Monussing 
aforesd, did tell hin\ that when bee was at oyster hay, 
That John ffinch niid Henry Disbroe of oyster bay 
did tell him, that John flinch & M' Riehbell had 
agreed to purchase the land at Mammaranock River, 
& desired him not to discover what hee had told 
them, for that hee had promised them to keepe 
silence, & it' it should bee knowne that hee had told 
him (the said Joanes) hee should then bee counted a 
Trayto', this was about September 1661 : Severall 
moneths after M' Riehbell & John flinch & Edward 
Griffin being at Mamaranucke River & they waiting 
for the Indyans coming to them to receive that part 
of the pay for the land as was agreed there to bee 
paid, & M' Riehbell had then by him ; They want- 
ing bread sent for some to the Island Monussing, 
wherefore the sd deponent came and carryed them 
some : when to the land he came M' Riehbell had 
there sett up a Shedd to shelter from the weather, & 
took possession there. Staying for y" Indians to receive 
the pay as was promised. M' Revell being then at 
Monussing, & hearing that M^ Revell came to buy the 
land, did tell M' Riehbell what hee had heard : Where- 
fore M' Riehbell & John flinch & myselfe came to 
Monussing M' Riehbell saying that hee would pur- 
posely goe to forewarne M' Revell not to buy the 
land, being hee had already agreed for the same: 
When to Monussing they came, there was some of the 
Indyans that had sold y° land viz': Cakoe & Wappa- 
quewam, who would have secretly gone away (as they 
judged) but that, John flinch spyeing of them, called 
them againe, saying to them, are you ashamed of 
what you are doeing : Then at Peter Disbroe's house 
the said Cakoe & Wappaquewam did tender to M' 
Riehbell & John flinch the pay againe which they 
had rec* in part of payment for the Land, but they 
refused. John flJnch & M' Riehbell saying to them 
that they would stand to y' bargaine that they had 
made: The said Wappaquewam did there fully owne 
that he had sold the Land to M' Riehbell & John 
ffinch: Stamford Apr. 5'" 1662. given before me 

Rich : Lawes. 

The originall was Intcrlin'd 
before deposed (unto) in the 
28* line, (And M' Riehbell) 
In the 13* line (Monussing), 

Affidavit of John Fliwh. 

I't. The deposition of John flinch of oyster bay & also 
Edward Griffin. 

The sd deponents upon oath testifye, M' John 
Riehbell Merchant of ( )yster bay did buy of Wappa- 
quewam a Certaine Tract of land lyeing westward of 
the River called Mammaranock River & bounded by 
Land purchased by Mr Thomas Pell of the Indians. 
The said Wappacjuewam being entrusted by his 
brother Mathetuson ' formerly called Mohey (as the 
said Wappaquewam & Mathetuson did enforme) to 
sell all his property in the sd Land, & himselfe with 
Edw'' Griffin accompanied the said John Riehbell 
unto y" h" Indian Wappaquewam to buy the »* Lands, 
which accordingly hee did, & pay*" unto the s** Wap- 
paquewam in part of payment for the purchase of the 
said Lands, Two shirts & ten shillings in wampom, 
and agreed upon Time for the payment of the residue, 
according to a writing made at Momoronock River, 
bearing date 23'' of Sept' 1661, & on that day the said 
Riehbell tooke possession of the s** Lands. 

In & upon the 7* day of March 1661, The s'' John 
Riehbell employed them the s'' deponents & one Jacob 
Young a Sweed (which are Indian Interpret.") to goe 
with him to the Indyans to talke w"* them, Hee the 
8* Riehbell hearing a Report that y" s* Indian Wap- 
paquewam had afterwards sold the s'' lands to M' 
Revell, & in our voyage to speake w"" Wappaquewam 
we mett with his brother Mathetuiton alias Mohey 
afores'', who did fully manifest unto us that 
hee (acccording to his brothers luformacon), 
did emi)loy & give power to his brother Wap- 
paquewam to sell his propriety of Land to Mr Rich 
bell, whom Wappaquewam enformed him would 
buy it of him, & withall did relate to us sev- 
erall of the particulars that the said John Rich- 
bell by agreement was to pay for the s* Lands : 
Moreover the s* Mathetuson seemed to bee much 
disturbed in his mind That any Contract was made 
with any other for y' said Lands, hee affirming that 
hee knew not that any other than John Riehbell had 
made any contract about it, untill hee came down to 
the Sea Coast. Wherefore Mr John Riehbell did tell 
the s'' Mathetuson that he was now come to settle & 
plant the same, — And the said Mathetuson did give 
him free liberty to the same, onely desiring M' 
Riehbell that hee might be payd for it, & not tu loose 
his pay for a neck & halfe of land, which he was yet 
unpaid for : 

To the former part were deposed John ffinch & 
Edward Griffin the 11th of y' 1" moneth U 
Before mee 

Rich: Lawes. 

To the latter part the s'' John ffinch & Edw* Griffin 
& also Jacob Young have deposed this ll* ^ ,j 
Before mee 

Richard Lawes. 

> This affidavit Is the ouly paper where this name is so speiled. In ull 
other iustruiuent« it is spelled " Mahatahan." 



Affidavit of Jimathtm I/ickwond. 

t). TheTestinionyof Jonutliaii Loi'kwood beiiigaged 
30 years or therealx/Ut. 

Saith.I being at peter D:.Hbroe8,& M' Thuiiiat* Kov- 
ell being there present, I hearu M'. Revell sayhec wan 
buying a pari-oU of Land of tlie Indyans of tlie West 
side of Mammaranoi'k River to M' Fells Ihnd k I 
wisht him not to medle with it, for it wr.< nlready 
bought by M' Richbell & I was a wittnesse to it, I 
saw a part of the moneys pay'' for it by M' Richbell — 
M' Revell made this answer to inee, that howsoever 
hee would buy it & M' Richbell & he would try for it 
afterwards ; tfarthcr this deponent saith not. Given 
in upon oath before mee, Stamford Apr. 4"' 1665. 

Rich Lawes 
Taken out of the Records & compared therewith this 
23d of August 1665 

p. me John Allyn, Recorder 


Recorded for Mr. John Richbell, the 6* day of June 
1666, this Indyan Deed. I Wappaquewam, together 
with my Brother Mahatahan, being the right owners 
of three Necks of Land, lying and being Bounded on 
y* East side with Mamaranock River, and on y* west 
side with the Stony River, which parts the said Land, 
and Mr. Pells Purchase, Now These are to Sertify to 
all and every one whom it may concerne. That I 
Wappaquewum, did for myselfe, and in the behalfe of 
my above said Brother Mahatahan, firmly Bargaine 
& Sell to M' John Richbell of Oyster Bay, to him 
and his Heires forever, the above mentioned three 
Necks of Land, together with all other Priviledges 
there unto belonging. Six weeks before I sold it to 
M' Tho Revell, And did mark out the Bounds, and 
give M' Richbell possession of the said Land, and 
did receive part of my pay then in hand, as Witness 
my hand 

The mark of Wappaquewum ' 

Jacob Yough 
Catharine Yough," 

The next papers are those Thomas Revell obtained 
from several Indians, after John Richbell's Purchase, 
upon which he based his claim. 


" Be it known unto all Christian peo|)le, Ingians & 
others whom it may concern that I Cockoo' Sagamore 
do Ijy vertue of a full and absolute power & order un- 
to me given & intrusted by Maharaequeet Sagamore 
& Meamekett Sagamore & Mamamettchoack & Capt 
Wappequairan ' all Ingines living up Hudson River 

1 Rocoraed in Liber Two of Deeda, at p*ge 128, Sec. of SUte'a off., 
3Jd aome |iapen uf tliat day tbla name appears aa " Cakoe," 
) Uaant for Wappaquawam. 

on the Maine land, for me to bargaine St absolutely 
to sell unto Tho Revell his Hiiyres Kxect" Adniinis- 
trato" & Assigns have or any of them have in one 
tract of land on ye Main being bounded by ye sea on 
the south /est and at the oust of Maramack River and 
at ye west with Mamgapes River, with two necks of 
land and meadow & planting hind, the necks of lai d 
called by the Ingins Caywaywest* & Mamgapes witli 
all yt' lands Meines and niineralls & trees to cut down 
at ye said Revell** itlea.sure to plant with all right« & 
priviliges with (two words here illegible) without let 
or niolestation of un any under us quietly & peaceably 
to Injoy ye s'' land reaching one and a half miles above 
Westchester path and fr<)m thence twenty englisli 
miles to the Norward into the County for grass for 
teed for cattell and Timber as he shall have occasion ; 
for ye lands afforesaid I the said Cockoo doe confess 
to have received now in hand of the said Thomiw Rev- 
ell at the house of John Coe in full j)ayment for the 
aforesaid tracts of land in severall goods to the just 
sum of Eighty odd pounds sterling for the said lands 
with all reall rights. And fardder more I doe prom- 
ise and ingauge my self in the behalf of the fore named 
Ingains & ye of those Ingains which I now sell 
this l<ind for and them to bring suddenly after ye date 
hereof for to give unto Thomas Revels or his order 
quiet and peaceable possession to him and his Heyres. 
And peaceably to keep and defend against all Dutch 
and English that shall molest him, in witness whereof 
have ingaidged and confess my hand Subscribed this 
27"" Oct. 1661 

the marke -)- of Cockoo ' 
y* marke -f- 
of Wappequairan 
Signed and delivered in the presence of us 
John Budd 
John Coe 

Thomas ilobe? (close) . 

Simon Cooper 

Tho. + Stedwell 
Dec 2.3" 1661, A true copy per me 

Henry Pierson Regis'. 

Indian Power of Atforney to Vockoo to Convey 
' Lands. 

Be it known unto all Christian people In- 
gains ;-nd others whom it may come unto that we 
whose names are hereunto published Mahameqeat & 
Meamehet Naskeway all Sagamores with vngoetaken 
Mamamettchauck, Wachithe Rawnottoy with Capt 
Wappaquewam all Ingains living up Hudson River 
& else where in America, Doe acknowledge & confess 
to have fully & absolutely & by oath of our free & 
voulantary Acts, given granted full & absolute power 
unto our friends & one of our Coungell Cockoo by 

* Tbla la aa near aa tbia word can be made out. 
i The aame aa " Cakoe " above menUoned. 


^yVtiP or 


Drawn- fronv Mmxucript Map fbtcnd. in- State. Records 

otAlbamf NY: 

„^ theBnOtli: crossing 

"^ ^ Jiea,vrrCrefk. tdt^ > 

'■■tr I 

i- r 


name an In^aine the which wee do approve of and 
•loe contirni whuUoevcr the itnid Cockoo ithnll doe in 
harKiiiniriK & nellirifj; iintn Thim Uovell of l<Hrliiidoi>M 
all our rv.n\ right i"fe interest wcr or either of iin have, 
our tlayreii Kxctrx AdminlB'" A AoHiKnH have in one 
trnel of liiiid on the Muync the which hath two neekw 
of land within it failed C'ui|uanoHt and the other 
Mamga|)oH. Itoiinded on the Houthwent agaiuHt I^ong 
Island & at the emt with Marramark Itiver &. at the 
weHt with Manigaiioii Kiver, and i ihe north one and 
a half niilcH if noe more above VVestchenter pafli for 
planting ground <% it is lo improve at thcitaid llevelln 
pleiiMure an he or hiHxhall «ee good with the Meddow 
grounds & other groundH TrceH, Moyneti, MinnerallH 
or whatH Hocver hh ItiverH HpringH within Haid boiindH 
of aaid trart of land. As allnoe free liberty for feed- 
ing for all eattell horneM & Mayera without lett to 
Rang or grase & trees to fall and carry away at his or 
any of his Heirs pleaMure above the niarke<l trees for 
the bounds Twenty F^nglish miles if not more into 
the Cuntry northward if not more with a plot of the 
tracts of land hereunto annexed and allsoe the marked 
trees. Now whereas wee the aforesaid the true and 
well proprietors and Honnors ' before named of the 
tracts of land wee are fully contented & paid and 
satisfied that our friend Cockoo bath bargained and 
sould the aforesaid tracts of land with all the bounds 
as aforesaid unto tne h'' Thomas Revell with all 
things standing or lying thereon for himself, Heyres, 
Kxct", Admiiiistrat" or Assignei freely and forever 
to [>o«Bcs8 and peaceably injoy and keep as his proper 
right without lett or hindrance of us or any from by 
or under uc And allsoe we the aforesaid true 
honnors and right proprietors of the said land Maha- 
meqeat Meamehet Naskeway Sagamores with 
vngoetaken Maniametchouch Wachithe Ronnottoy 
and Capt \Va|)paquewam wee and every on of us 
joyntly <Sr severally doe allow <fe approve of what our 
friend Cockoo hath done to bee fearme sold fast and 
good in selling the said land to Thomas Revell. And 
of him have received in hand full satisfaction & to 
our consent for the said land in personal goods to 
the just sum of ninety pounds sterling to the use of 
us the aforesaid Ingaina. Now for the better 
Right & tittell of the said land unto the said 
Revell his Heyres Excf" Administrat" & Assigns 
with all the Proprietors Rights & privileges 
Regard or whatsoever else is just, and allsoe wee ye 
aforesaid Ingains do freely and absolutely assign and 
make over all our rights tittell and Interest wee had 
in the fore mentioned tract of land as appeareth by 
this our Deed and fearme bill of sail that we now give 
unto the said Revell and his reall right in the said 
land before Butting and Bounding as aforesaid. And 
now for the more fearme and absolute assurance of the 
said tract of land wee do jointly and severally for us 
and ours as I Mahameqeat Meamehet with Naskeway 

' Owuera. 

Sagamorei with Vngoetaken Mamamettchoack Warh 
ithe Kownottoy & Capl. Wappai|uewam promise and 
doe ingoge ourselves unto the sairl Revell his Heyrex 
& Kxc'" to put the saidRevell or his order in ipiietand 
peaceable (HMisession fi him so to keep and for ever (o 
injoy a* h Is and to his all right, .^nd Allsoe we do 
further promise A ingage keepe and defend ye sd 
Revell and his against all person or persons thai 
shall directly or indirectly annoy Molest or trouble ye 
sd Revell or his, or lay any daime or former grant of 
the same by ye Ingains Dutchmen or Knglish rir 
whomesoeverfrora the beginningof the world unto the 
day of Dat; &, forever to mayntaine our right and 
tittle unto the said Revell A his Heyres Exct" A 
.Vssigns as witness our hands this 1 1 of Novenib' 1661. 
Whereas it is above mentioned the land for plant- 
ing land shall run one & a half miles and more above 
Westchester path. All of us above Ingains doe freely 
allow A consent unto that Revell shall have his line 
run as farre above Westchester path for planting 
ground into the (Jiintry the lull length as is from 
Westchester path to the bottom of the Necks to the 
sea, this being in consideration the land to the north 
east is not fit for planting ground but full of hills and 
Rockey Woods above Westchester path. This we 
consent unto freely. As witness our hands possession 

In the presence of as The mark of -}- Cockoo 
witnessess Signed y*markof-|- Maniamettchouch 
and delivered in y' mark of -|- Wappaquaican 
presence of us y * mark of + Hayoro Sagamore 

Simon Cooper y" mark of + Petowwahen 

Ttie iimrk uf 

Tho. -f- Stedwell y'niarkof-(- CauronsoroSarho 
Humphry Hughes y" markof + WappomusSarho 
Thomas i lobs' 
John Coe 

The mark of 

Stephen E Champion 

A true Coppey December the 2.Sd 1661 

Pr me Henry Pierson Regist'. ' 

Of the litigation which grew out of this transaction 
we have the following account in the nature of a re- 
port of the evidence produced, taken from the record 
at Albany. It bears no date but was probably what 
took place before the English Patent was issued by 
Governor Lovelace. 

" An account of what part was acknowledged be- 
fore ye Governor concerning ye Purchase of Mama- 
ronock, by Mr. Richbell, and Mr. Revell, and Jaus. 
Rockett, Wappaqucem, and many other Indians, 


Wappaqueem saitli, that Mr. Richbell was ye first 
that spake to him about ye purchase of said lands. 

'•i This mmiiit for Ttiuiiiai! Clow. 

!* For tlifi copies of tliis Iiuliiin ilryd aad Powrr of Attorney ttie wrtter 
Id indebted to WiUiuni S. JVlIf treau, the aide e«lltur of the three volunien 
of tho " Soiitbauipton Reconltt." The map referred to Ik unfortunately 
such ft rough and mixed up scrawl that It was useless to reproduce it. 


.larjH. Rockrtt iicknow|pfl(r«^ ye like. 

WappHnuwtn sHith that Thonmn clotte with Cokoo 
ipake to him tii sett hii* liund to Mr. Keveli's deed 
■iid he dhoiild have h coHte, on which he did it. 

He miitli t'tirtiier that Mr. Iliclibeil, cttiiu' and view- 
ed :. d agreed for ye land, hut not l)rin)riiig liin ({imhIm 
tyme enough lie Nold it to Mr. Rcvell. He eonfoHnes 
that Mr. Kichbell gave another Imlian a coate and 
some Heawant and a Hhirt, to marke out ye trees atler 
ye agreement, but tliat he liad notliing. 

.Vnotiier Imlian miith that Cockoe and ThoniaH 
Close received Mr. Kevell'n money hetweene them and 
kept it themselve*, for yo proprietors hud none of it. 

W8ppa<|ucem wiith that what he received from Mr. 
Richliell waM by way of (unintelligible) but not in 
parte of payment. 

He whose land it was, and Wappaqueem called 
brother, but were not natural brothers. 

11th Nov. l*)fil, the power entrusting Wappaqueem 
and Corkoo to sell 8th, l()rtl, the date of ye deed which 
is before ye power. ' 

It is evident from this that Thoma» Close and 
Cockoo were very sharp, but the blunder of dating 
the power after the deed to Revell ruined their cime. 

Riuhbell continued in undisturbed possesHion, and 
no claim was ever at any time afterward set up under 
those Indian deeds to Thomas Revell. 

On the lt)th of October 1(>()8, the Knglish Patent 
from Ooveinor Francis Lovelace conlirming and 
granting to John Richbell the lands privileges and 
immunities he possessed under his Dutch grants and 
Dutch court decisions passed the seals of the I'rov- 

These Instrunients, Dutch and English, having been 
already set forth'fully in part number 14 of the chapter 
on Manors relating to the Manor of Scarsdale in this 
work are not repeated here. The de8cri])tion of the 
lauds granted in Lovelace's Patent of Confirmation is as 
follows: — "A certain parcel of land within this gov- 
ernment, on the Maiu, contained in three Necks, of 
which the easlermost is bounded with a small river 
called Mamaranock river, being almost the east bounds 
or limits of this government ujwn the main, and the 
westermost with the gravelly or stony brook or river 
which makes the east limits of the land known by the 
name of Mr. Pell's purchase. Having to the south 
the 8ound, and running northward from the marked 
trees upon the said Necks twenty miles into the 
woods . . . together with all woods, beaches, mar- 
shes, pastures, creeks, waters, lakes, fishing, hawking 
hunting and fowling, and all other profits immuni- 
ties, and emoluments to the said ]>arcel or tract of 
land belonging, annexed, or appertaining, with their 
and every of their appurtenances, and every part and 
parcel thereof." 

These " Three Necks " were called the " East," the 
•Middle," and the "West" Necks. The Middle 

> Deed book III. 97, Sec. of State's otllce. 

' Neck was sometimes cm Med the Great Neck, from ita 
j longer extent of water jit, which at first leil to the 
! supposition that its »• .> below Westchester Path waa 
^ greater than that of the F]ast NecK. "The East 
I Neck " extende<l fro' . the Mamaroneck river on the 
' east to a small stream called " Pipin's brook " on the 
' west, which divided it from the " Middle " or "Oreat " 
I Neck, and is the same which now crosses the 
I Boston road through the land, and just east of the 
i house of the lute Mr, Oeorge Vai. lerburg.' The Mid- 
i die Neck extended from the latter stream west- 
ward to a much larger brook called " Cedar or Grav- 
elly brook " which is the (me that now bounds the 
land belonging to Mr. Meyer* on the west. 

The " West Neck " extended from the latter to 
another small brook still further to the westward, 
termed "Stoney or (Jravelly Brook " which was the 
east line of the Manor of Pelham. 

Of the three in their order. The East Neck from 
Mamarimeck River to Pipin's Brook, upon which 
Richbell took up his permanent residence about 
IfitiS, as near as can now be ascertained, was called by 
the Indians " Mamaranock Neck." This fact is so 
stated in the Petition of Richbell of the 24th of De- 
cember Kifil, for a "ground brief" or Dutch license to 
purchase Indian lands.* A misunderstanding by Mr. 
Robert Itolton of the word " Mummaranock" in the 
crabbed writing of this ancient Document as recorded 
led him to state in the first edition of his History of 
Westchester County, published in 1848, that the " ab- 
original name " of the East Neck was " Wanmain- 
uck," ' and the error has appeared in the second edi- 
tion, " and it has been hence followed by other writers. 
It wasa pure mistake in deciphering the written word. 
The true " aboriginal name of the East Neck was" 
" Mamaranock " the same as the town and village 
bears to-day under the later spelling of " Mamaro- 
neck." That portion of it between the Harbour on the 
east and Pipin's brook and the salt creek into which 
it runs on the west, bears the name of " De Lancey's 
Neck " from the fact that it has been possessed us a 
whole for more than a century and until a few years 
ago, and in part still is possessed, by the family of 
Gov. .Tames de Lancey, the son-in-law of Col. Caleb 
Heathcote, the purchaser of the whole East Neck in 
ltiS»7. It formed the largest part of the "demesne 
lands" of Colonel Heathcote's Manor of Scarsdale, and 
as such was held by his widow until her death in 173H, 
when an undivideil half descended to her daughter 
Mrs. James de Lancey, who by agreement with her 
brother-in-law Ur. Lewis Johnston of New Jersey 
continued in the possession and control of the other 
undivided half until 1774, when it was divided in the 

s Kunni^rly a fKtrtioii of !ti« wmttern iwrt of the farm of Mr. IVtpr .Ih>' 
Miinro, and lutur owned by .fames T. Koosevelt. 
•The old ** Duncan" or *' Danbeny " farm. 
* Deeil'Ilook iii. :IT, Sec. Slate's office, Albany. Anlt, p. I4.'i. 
»Vol. 1. p. 282. 
«VoI. i. p. «3. "+*: ' 


Fartitioa (il'tliiil yciir ol'tlic iititlividuil portioniiot'the 
Manor ol' HciirHdiilit. HiilM(>i|iifiitly John I'etur ilu 
I^iinccy till! Hoii of Mnt. l)c I.anioy who had HUccueded 
to Monic ol' hiH niothcr'H hiiulM |iur<'hiiMcd all the rtiit 
ot'tho landti on De Lani'i'y'N Nt-clc from hiH brother, 
and juiittcr, and couHitiM, and thiiH became the owner of 
the whole Ne<'k, nearly a rentiiry ago. There waH 
however a Bmall piece of land of about thirty acrcM on 
the left of the entrance to the Neck from the old 
WeiitclieHter I'utii or old ItoMton Itoad, which never 
bclonKeil to the Manor of Hcantdalu nor to the llealh- 
eote or de Lancey luniilieH. Thin piece whm given on ' 
the 8th of AugiiHt 1<>H4, by Mrti. liichbell jmtt after 
her hiiHband'H death, to her daughter Mary and her 
husband Cupt, Jamcii Mott, and wan expretisly re- 
Herved in her deed to Colonel [leathcote of all the 
rent of her ewtute in Manuironeck. This piece from 
Mott'H lieirH piwsed by sale through varioUH partieM 
and about a century ago became the property of a ven- 
erable (Quaker long well known in Maniaroneck,CiileH 
Heaman. At his death in the settlement of his estate 
it was bought by the bite Isaac Hall, and by him 
it was sold to the enterprising gentlennm who u])on it 
erected the handsome summer hotel, since called by 
histown name — tht! " Kushmore," as well as several 
handsome private residence, now owned by various 

In the chapter on Manors in this work, part 14,' 
will be found at length the history of the Eaat Neck 
as a part of the manor of Hcarsdale. It is only neces- 
sary here to give an outline. John Uichbell died on 
the 2tith of July l(i84 ' leaving his widow Ann, and 
three daughters him surviving. His wife's mother, 
Margery Parsons, had advanced him some goods in 
the island of St. Christopher's in the West Indies long 
previous to his ever coming to Mamaroneck. As 
soon as he got hi.-* English I'atent of the l(Jth of Octo- 
ber ItitiS, and on the 14th of the ne.Kt month he 
deeded the entire " East Neck" to her in considera- 
tion of that advance. Mrs. I'arsons two days later, 
on the Kith of November lti(i8, in consideration of 
natural love conveyetl the East Neck to her daughter 
— Ann the wife of John Uichbell as a token of allcc- 
tion and dutiful behaviour. This made Mrs. Rich- 
bell the owner in fee of the entire East Neck. But 
to make her perfectly secure, Richbell made a settle- 
ment of it by way of jointure in her favor, by a deed 
in Trust to John Ryder of the 23d of April, ItitiK, in 
consideration of a marriage long since solemnized be- 
tween them.' He died as above stated on the 26th of 
July 1684, and Mrs. Ann Richbell thereupon be- 
came vested in her own right in fee in the entire East 
Neck, from Mamaroneck River to Pipin's Brook and 
twenty miles back from the Sound northward into 

1 Ante, 147. 

< WMt. Co. Keconla Lib. A, p. M. 

B Ancient copim of all thoBo dueds in the writer*B posMssion. All are 
recorded In West. Cu. Recurds, except that from Mra. Parsons to Mrs. 

the woods. Hho continued in poMomion nnttl bjr 
deed of the 2<'id of December \*>'M, she sold her entire 
estate of every kind and nature in her and her lat« 
husband's landH to Colonel Caleb Hi>atheote for the 
sum of X)i<iO Now York ('urrency and certain other 
benolicial provisions recited in the instrunit nt.' Theae 
lamls and some others adjoining which he had ac- 
i|uired ('olonel Hcathcote had erected into "the 
Lord.^hip and Manor of Hearsdale" by a Maiior- 
<>rant from Lieutenant (}overiior Nanfan then at the 
head of the Province iin the 21st .March, I7I>1.* Upon 
the eminence at the head of the Harbour, still called 
Hcathcote Hill." he built a large double brick Manor 

i I l_ii_ t'''iF: 


House in the style of that day in England, with all 
the accompanying offices and outbuildings, including 
the American addition of negro quarters in accord- 
ance with the laws, habits, and customs of the period. 
Here he lived during the remainder of his life, which 
terminated on the 28lh of February 1720-21 in his 
56th year. The house stood till some six or seven 
years before the American Revolution, occupied 
however, only by tenants after the death of his widow 
in 1736. Later it was accidentally destroyed by fire. 
The present double frame dwelling standing on a 
portion of the old site, of which a cut is given, wax 
built in 1792 by the late John Peter de Lancey, a 
grandson of Colonel Hcathcote who had succeeded 
to the property, on his return to America with his 
family, having been a captain in the British Regular 
Army in which he had been placed in 1771, on leav- 
ing Harrow School, after a short period at the Mili- 
tary School of (ireenwich. Mr. de Lancey lived in 
this house till his death in 1828. In it were born all 
his children except the two elder ones, and amongst 

4 Bee. Lib. B, .'JTl, West. fo. Becords. 
» Lib. 7, p. 1U5, Sec. of Stote'e 0flf». 

^ And still in the possession of the writer who is his great, great, 



them his son William IFeathcote, ihe late Bishop of 
Western New York, and Susan Augusta, the wife of 
the late James Fenimore Cooper, who were also niar- 
ritid in it on the Ist of January 1811. 

But to return, Colonel Heatheoto had succeeded, 
with the rest of the property, to the Richliell proprie- 
tary rights in the two mile hounds of Mamaroneek 
and 'le suhsequcntly t his Manor-Grant jturchased 
in addition a tweltlli undivided j)art of the whole 
tract. This tract had been set apart by John Kich- 
bell in his life time about tiio year KiTO for what he 
called " allotments or house lots," comparatively 
small pieces fronting on the Westchester Path or old 
roatl to Boston eight in number running northwardly. 
One he reserved for his own house lot, and he and 
his wife seem to have sold only two or three others, 
the first was a gift by deed to one John Basset in 
1069, which was No. four, next to his own lot No. 5. 
Another, No. one, was sold to one Jeremy Kannifl'e, 
and Nos. 2 and 3 to Robert Pennoyor, and another to 
James Mott. These seem to have been all that were 
sold up to 1(J76 when another was sold to Henry Dis- 
brough on the IGth of P'ebruary in that year. From 
the language of ancient co|iies of the first deed to 
John Basset, and tlut to Henry Disbrough, in the 
writer's possession it would seem that these " allot- 
ments" were twenty and a half rods wide front on 
the Westchester Path, and the same in the rear, by 
eighty rods on each side in depth running north- 
westerly. Each was subject to areservation of an annu- 
al payment of one bushel of winter wheat or the value 
thereof on the Ist of March, and one day's work at 
harvest time, to the Proprietor, and to a covenant that 
they could not be sold without their consent and ap- 
probation. To each lot was appendant an undivided 
eighth right to commonage and pasture in the two 
mile bounds. The precise extent of these bounds we 
know from the Deed to Disbrough, which calls them 
" Mainniaroneck limmits " and describes the tract as 
" being in length two miles and in Breadth one mile 
and a half and Twenty eight rods." The length was 
from the Westchester Path northward, and the 
breadth was from Mamaroneck lliver to Dirty t^wamp 
on the west. "Dirty 8wam[)" being the swampy 
ground over which the road passed near and east of 
the intersection of the present Weaver Street. The 
swamp began some distance north of the Uoad and ex- 
tended across it to the salt water, a little stream or 
ditch ruuning from it under the road in old times 
through a stone culvert, sometimes dignified by the 
name of " Dirty Swamp Bridge." 

As soon as Colonel Heathcote obtained his Manor- 
Grant, and about two months thereafter he obtained, 
on the 11th of June 1701, from the two Indian chiefs 
of the neighborhood Patthunk and Wapetuck an In- 
dian deed of confirmation for this two mile tract to 
himself and the seven other persons who in 1701 were 
the owners of these "allottments or house" or 
" home " " lotts." There were himself, Caleb Heath- 

cote, Capt. James Mott, William Penoir,' John Wil- 
liams, Henry Disbrough, Alice Hatfield, .lohn Dis- 
brough, and Benjamin Disbrough.' This was to sat- 
isfy all persons desirous of settling in Mamaroneck, 
that there would be no difficulty with the natives. 
About five years later Colonel Heathcote suggested to 
the owners of the house lots that instead of keeping 
all the rest of the two mile bounds as undivided prop- 
erty, that they should have it laid out and divided 
among themselves in severalty. It was talked of, 
approved, and finally carried into efi'ect by a mutual 
agreement under seal, made and executed by all tho 
parties on the liUh of February 170t)-7. The instru- 
ment accom])anied by a well executed Map of the lota 
as laid out, into eight "Long Lotts" is in Colonel 
Heathcote's handwriting, and bears the autographic 
signatures of himself and all tlie other parties above 
named. It is in these words ; — 

Mamoroncck fleb. y' 14'" 170()-7. 
The tt'ree holders of Mamoroneck whose names are 
hereunder written have mutually and unanimously 
agreed for dividing the Long or Upper Lotts in said 
Township as followeth — No. 1 containing 20 chains 
broad to James Mott, No. 2 containing 21 chains, and 
No. ;{ coiitaining 22 chains to William Penoir, No.* 4 
containing 21 chains to Henry Disbrow, No. 5 con- 
taining 18 chains to John Disbrow, No. 6 containing 
20 chains to John Bloodgood, No. 7 containing 20 
chains to Peter Hattfield, and No. 8 containing all 
the remainder of the land to the lliver to Caleb 
Heathcote, reserving out of the said Lotts the follow- 
ing Highways for the use ami benefit of all the (free- 
holders and Inhabitants one highway to be five Rods 
wide in the tfront of the said l^otts, one highway of 
four Rods wide through the Sixth Lott into the Woods 
Leading on the west side of Nelson's tfield into the 

Signed sealed and 
delivered in the presence of ub 

Joseph Purdy Caleb Heathcote [l.s.] 

Thomas White 'ii- 

Wm X Penoir [i..8.] 


Jatues Mott ['•■•8.] 

Henry Disbrow [i,.8.] 
John Disbrow [l.s.] 
John Bloodgood [L.8.] 
Peter Hattfield' [l.s.] 
This instrument finally closed and determined for- 
ever all tho common interests in the lands in the " two 
mile bounds" of Mamaroneiik and made them the sep- 
arate ])rivate property in fee of the various owners. 
To this there is apparent exception. The five rod 

> So In the deed. Ho wiu a son of Rulwrt Ponoycr the original Krau- 

' AncloMt copy in wrltnr's jKwmmlun, R«e. Mb, C. WeRt. Co. p. ."ia. 

^ The original hiBtruniont canio Into the |>ofMofwlunnf the (.irllTen Fam- 
ily who purcliamiil No. li fiimi .lohu UIoimIkouiI, iind now bolonga !•> 
Mr. ChiirlM Fielil (iriiriMi to whom I am Imli'Miul for ita examination. 
A fkcainille uateni|K>mry copy la in my own iHwaegaiou, 



Highway they left at the 8outh end of tlieir " Great ' 
Lottfl " or " Long Lots " was found to he useless, and | 
the owners suhsequontly divided it up into nine small I 
lots of about 10 ncrea each among themBelvt>s which 
ended the whole matter. These " Great " or " Long " ] 
Lots, as well as the small ones are all shown on the 
Map of the Manor of Scarsdale in this volume. They 
never belonged to any body but the grantees of the 
eight original house lots to which they were append- 
ant and appurtenant, and with their division by the 
owners of those lots among themselves all their com- 
mon rights ended, and the "two mile bounds" or 
" Mamniaroneck Limmits" come to an end forever. 
The Proprietary rights in them of Colonel Heathcote 
of course were terminated by his agreeing to their di- 
vision in fee. 

Of the owner of the " allottments or house Lotts " as 
they were in 1701 the descendants of none except of 
Colonel Heathcote are now in possession of any part 
of them, although descendants of Hatttield and the 

■ 53M *v., . . . 


Disbroughs are tftill well known residents and prop- 
erty holders in other parts of the present Town ol 
Mamaroneck, among whom is Mr. William H. Dis- 
brow as the name is now spelled, the Civil Engineci 
whose home is scarcely a niu.sket shot from the old an- 
cestral house. But there still stands upon the south- 
ern part of the " House Lott " of Henry Disbrougii 
the identical house he built there in 1677 the year 
after he was deeded the lot by John and Ann Kich- 
bell, a memento of the earliest days of Mamaroneck, 
of the old family who built it, of New York and 
Westchester in the reign of Charles the Second, and of 
the Duke of York as its Lord Proprietor. It renniined 
in the Disbrough family till within thirty or thirty- 
five years, and is now the property of the widow of the 
late well known Publisher of New York, Mr. Stringer 
of the firm of Stringer & Townsend. The accompa- 
nying cut gives a good idea of it but it is a rear view, 
the road shown in it and now existing in front of the 
house not having been opened till the year 1800. It 
faced the harbour, the side toward the present Union 
avenue, which at this place is built upon the old 
Westchester Path, being theorigiuul frontof the house. 

It is built of rough hewn timber, and the coarse 
stoneof the country even to the chimney above the 
roof. The siding has been renewed but always in the 
old style. It has long been used simply as a store- 
house as it was understood when it passed out of the 
Disbrough family that it should never be pulled 
down. Its last owners of the name were two maiden 
ladies who, a few years before their deaths built in the 
same enclosure the present new and good frame house, 
which stnnds almost between the old one and the 
waters of the harbour. The old house has well borne 
it-4 200 years but in the course of things can not last 
much longer. 

The "Middle Neck" or the "Great Neck" or 
•' Munro's Neck " as it was styled after Mr. Peter Jay 
Munro became the owner of nine-tenths of it about 
the year 17!K), has a curious history. But before it is 
given it may be better, though a little out of order, 
to state the facts more fully than they have been 
mentioned in treating of the Manor of Scarsdale, re- 
garding the Pell-Uichbell controversy about the West 
Neck. Both the Middle and the West Necks to- 
gether form that part of Uichbell's land, tiow in the 
town of Mamaroneck, which lay almoit wedge 
shaped between the southern parts of the Manors of 
Scarsdale and Pelham. 

The West Neck extended from the Cedar Tree or 
Gravelly Brook, (that now running to the west of 
Mr. Meyer's present house,) westward to another 
Brook, which was that which crossed the Westchester 
Path or Uoad just west of the i)re3ent residence of 
Mr. Geo. Stephenson, and upon which for years stood 
a mill, for a very long time a snutf mill. This brook 
bore the name of Stony or Gravelly brook. Mr. Pell 
claimed that his eastern line was the Cedar Tree or 
Gravelly Brook, that now by the present Mr. Meyer's ; 
Mr. Iliclil)ell claimed that the Stony or Gravelly 
lirook, also called Cedar or Gravelly Brook, that near 
Mr. Stephenson's, was his western line and Pell's 
eastern line. The controversy was a very hot one and 
grew out of the use of similar designations of streams 
in their respective Patents. Aller proceedings in the 
Court of Assizes, and before the Governorand Council 
the following .\;::reenient was finally entered into by 
both parties; " Whereas There hath been a .Matter or 
cause of Difference depending between Mr. John 
Riclibell and Mr. John Pell for the which There was 
an order Issued forth from y° (iovernor for a tryall by 
a Special Court of Assizes yet Notwithstanding upon 
proposal of an amicable igreenu>iit between them, 
and to prevent further trouble to his Honour the 
(lovernour and the Country by having a speciall 
Court, it is this Day nuitually consented unto and 
agreed upon, that the Neck of Land and meadow be- 
tween Ceeder or (Iravelly brooke on the East, and 
(iravelly or Stony Creeke on y° West shall be layed 
out by y" Surveyor Generall and devi<leil between 
them, so that each party shall have Meadow and up- 
land eipiivalent and proportionable Quantity and 



Quality alike. To thia agreement both partys do 
joyntly consent in token of Amity and Friendship burl- 
ing in oblivion what unkindness hath ibrmerly past 
between them and this to be a barr to all future 
Claymes or pretences that can or may be made on 
either side or by either of y' heires Executors or Ad- 
ministrators for ever. As to what expense or charges 
Either party hath been at Each is to bear his own 
charges, but for the charges of the Surveys and such 
other Necessary expenHcs Kelating to the Division of 
y° Lands according to this agreement it is Equally to 
be Borne betweene them. In testimony Whereof the 
partyes to these presents have Later changeably Sett 
to their hands and Seals y° 22 Daye of January in the 
23* year of his Maj' Keigiie Annoq" Dom. 1671 

John Pell (L S) > 

Sealed and Delivered in y" presence of 

Henry Taylor 
Allard Anthony 

Remains (as all other Lawful Acts) of forces and 
There Surveyor may proceed accordingly 

E. Andros " 

Though thus confirmed by the above order of Gov. 
Andros, no survey was made, why it is now impossi- 
ble to say, until the 22'' of May 1G77, when it was 
done by Robert Ryder. His description is in these 
words ; — 

Whereas there hath been a difterence between John 
Richbell and Mr. John Pell which by virtue of an 
order from the right Honourable Major Edmund An- 
dross Esq'. Governor General of New York, I have 
made a division of the within mentioned Neck of 
Land by and with the mutual consent of both par- 
ties, which is in manner and Form as is hereafter 
Expressed viz'. That the said Richbell shall extend 
from Cedar Tree Brook or Gravelly Brook, south 
westerly fifty degrees to a certain mark't Tree, lying 
above the now Common Road, thirty and four chains 
in length, mark on the east with R. and on the West 
with P., thence Extending South Sixty three degrees 
East by certain marked Trees p'fixed Ending by a 
certain piece of Meadow at the salt creek which Runs 
up to Cedar Tree Brook or Gravelly Brook Extend- 
ing from the first marked Trees Nor Nor West to 
Brunkes River by certain Trees in the said Line 
marked upon the West with P. and upon the eaat with 
R. performed the twenty-second day of May 1677. 
p me Robert Ryder Surv.^' 

The Preceding Survi yor above mentioned is mu- 
tually consented unto by the above mentioned Mr. 
John Richbell and Mr. John Pell in presence of us 

Thomas Gibbs 
Walter Webly 
John Sharp 
Joseph Carpenter '" 

>Thl« Isfrom an ancient Copy of the document tigned by Pell that 
was delivered to Uiohliell, in the writer's powewlon. 
« Ancient copy in the writer's po««e»)lon. 

Thus was settled finally the line, afterwards of much 
importance, as being the east line of the 6000 acre 
tract carved out of Pelham Mannor and sold by Pell 
to Leisler for the Huguenots in 1689. And as also as 
taken for the line between the later towns of New 
Rochelle and Mamaroneck when erected in 1788 by 
the State Township Act of that year. 

We now recur to the singular history of the Middle 

It will be remembered that John Richbell pur- 
chased his three Necks from the Indians on the 23* 
of September 1661, and obtained the Dutch Govern- 
ment's groundbrief and Transport (or 'License to pur- 
chase' and ' Patent ') for them in May 1662, and his 
English Patent for them on October 16, 1668 ; and 
that the East Neck alone was sold by his widow in 
1697 to Colonel Caleb Heathcotc, and was included 
by him in his Manor of Scarsdale in 1701. 

Five years after the date of his Patent for the three 
Necks, on the 20"" of November 1673, Richbell mort- 
gaged the West neck to Cornelius Steenwyk, a rich 
burgomaster, of New Orange, as New York was called 
on its reconquest by the Dutch in that year, and a 
member of Governor Colve's Council, by the follow- 
ing singular instrument — one of the few Dutch Mort- 
gages that have come down to our days ; 

" Appeared before as subscribed Aldermen of the 
City of New Orange, the honest Mr. John Richbell, 
Inhabitant of the place Marraneck, in the Main, 
within this province, who acknowledged and declared 
for himself, his heirs and executors, fully and duly to 
be indebted Mr. Cornelius Steenwyck Chief Council' 
of this Province, a just and neat sum of Two thousand 
and four hundred Guilders, Wampum,* being occa- 
sioned by and from delivered Merchandizes, disbursed 
Moneys, or otherwise, by him the said John Richbell, 
to his full satisfaction received and enjoyed of Mr. 
Cornelius Steenwyck, which aforesaid sum of 2400 G. 
he the said John Richbell by these acceptetly and 
promiseth to pay, or cause to be paid to Mr. Steen- 
wyck aforesaid, or to him, that should or might ob- 
tain his action with good current Wampum, or to de- 
liver the value thereof on or before the first of Octo- 
ber next ensueing, without delay. For the better se- 
curity of the aforesaid Mr. Steenwyck, in the full 
satisfaction of the sum aforesaid, he the said John 
Richbell bindeth and engagcth for a special Mortgage 
and a Pledge certain of his the said John Richbell's 
Neck or ^lice of Land lying upon the Main, being 
the most Westerly neck of liand of the three, to him 
the said John Richbell in lawful Propriety belonging, 
pursuant to certain Patent of Governor Lovelace, 
dated 16 October, 1668, limiting the Neck of Land 
aforesaid, upon the gravelly or Stony Water or River, 
which are the Easterly Limits of Mr. Pell's Land, 
having at the South side the Hound, and runing thua 

■ So In the original, it means "of the chief council." 
* The shell money of the Indians, 



from the Marked trees, standing un the side' Neck, 
North Twenty miles into the Woods, and further in 
Qeneral, his Person, and Goods Moveable and im- 
moveable, none excepted or reserved, submitting the 
same to all Courts, Laws, and Justices. 

In witness whereof is this by the said Mr. John 
Richbell benevolently or willing.' The Elsquires 
Aldermen Gelyn ver Plank and Lawrence Spiegel. 

In the Record Books of this Town. Signed in New 
orange 20 9ber.' 1673."* This mortgage only covered 
the West Neck as settled in the agreement with Pell 
above mentioned. 

On the 12"" May, 1675, two years later, a mortgage 
was made by John Richbell on the Middle Neck 
alone, in consideration of " £250 Boston Silver " to 
Robert Richbell of Southampton, England for the 
term of 99 years, redeemable at any time in the term 
upon the payment of the principal and interest.' 

The very next year, on the 17 July 1676 Richbell 
made still another mortgage to one Thomas Kellnnd 
of Boston, in consideration of £100 New England 
money, upon the reversion of the Middle Neck for the 
term of 99 years, and also the reversion of the West 
Neck for 99 years, after payment of the £2500 to 
Robert Richbell and the 2400 Guilders to Steenwyck. 

These Richbell Mortgages on the Great Neck passed 
by assignments into the hands of Samuel Palmer, o< 
Mamaroneck ; the first of a family of that name who 
have been closely and honourably connected with Ma- 
maroneck from that day to this, and as they arc still 
robust and numerous, will probablyso continue indefi- 
nitely for the future. A Palmer was elected to a town 
office at the first recorded election i .Mamaroneck 
in 1797, and a Palmer is a Justice of the Peace in Ma- 
maroneck to-day. ' 

By these assignments Samuel Palmer became legal- 
ly entitled to the remainder of the term of bi) years 
in the Middle Neck, and by his will, dated March 18th, 
1712-13, he dsvised all his right, title and interest in 
and to the Middle Neck to his four sons, Nehemiah, 
Obadiah, Sylvanus, and Solomon Palmer. They con- 
tinued in possession, and on the 8th of February 
1722, Edward Richbell, who describes himself as "of 
the Parish of St. James in the County of Middlesex,' 
in Great Britain hoir-at-law of John Richbell there- 
tofore of Mamaroneck in the Precincts of Westchester 
in the Government of New York (who was Eldest son 
and Heir of Edward Richbell late of the City of 
Westminister Esq. who was Eldest son and Heir of 
Robert Richbell of Southampton in Great Britain, de- 
ceased, who was the only Brother and Heir of the 

iSo In thflurigliml, it nioaiiB *'HHi(l/' 
*8o in Uie original. 
» Novemlier. 

<Froni an ancient Engliali tranriatlon in the writer'! poaMinlon. 
ft Not recorded, copy in County's poeaeHHiuii. 
•William D. Palmer, 1^. 

'Now uaiially called St. .Tames's Piccadilly, tbough its legal dseignation 
la "St. Jamae's, WestmiuUter," 

said John Richbell '' released, in consideration of 
£380 sterling, to the above four Palmers, the Rever- 
sion and Equity of Redemption in the Middle Neck, 
and all his right title and interest therein. The four 
Palmers then cimveyed a right in fee in that Neck to 
one Josiah Quinby. 

But, the Steenwyck Mortgage of 1673, above men- 
tioned, and another also made by John Richbell to 
him on the 6th of July, 1678, had been assigned to 
Frederick Philipse, and under his will passed to his 
daughter Eve, the wife of Jacobus Van Cortlandt of 
Yonkers, and of course under the law to him. These 
were both upon the West Neck. Both Van Cortlandt 
and Adolph Philipse his brother-in-law were Execu- 
tors of Frederick Philipse's Will. They sent to Eng- 
land to Edward Richbell, and in consideration of the 
cancelling of John Richbell's mortgages and of £400 
sterling in addition, he by Lease and Release of the 
12th and 13th of August, 1723, conveyed to them all 
his right not only in the West Neck, but in all the 
lands possessed by John Richbell, except what he 
had released to the four Palmers above mentioned. 
Philipse and Van Cortlandt claimed that all the land 
the Palmers were entitled to under their deed from 
Edward Richbell lay between the Westchester Path 
and the Sound, and that they by their later convey- 
ance from Edward Richbell were entitled to all be- 
tween the Westchester Path northward to the Bronx. 
This claim the Palmers met by filing a bill in Chancery 
against Philipse and Vaii Cortlandt and on May 2, 
1729, obtained a decree that the Proprietors of the 
Middle Neck under their mortgages and their Release 
from Edward Richbell, were entitled to have the Mid- 
dle or Great Neck extended as far Northward as the 
East and the West Neck extended, and that Philipse 
and Van Cortlandt should be perpetually enjoined 
from making any claim or pretences to that part of 
the Great neck south and east of the Bronx River. 

In 1731 an action between James De Lancey and 
wife and Mrs. Martha Heathcote against Josiah Quin- 
by was tried at Westchester for a trespass in the Ma- 
nor of Scarsdale committed by the defendant. The 
defendant pleaded that the premises were not in the 
Manor of Scarsdale, but in the Manor of Pelham, and 
produced Pell's Patent. The agreement between Pell 
and Richbell, above given, for dividing the land be- 
tween Cedar Tree brook and Stony or Gravelly brook 
was then produced by the Plaintiffs, and the jury 
found a verdict for the piaintifl's with damages and 

A great question arose some thirty five years later 
in relation to the Middle Neck and the Manor of 
Scarsdale. Many persons had become interested in 
the former both as purchasers and as mortgagees. The 
Palmers had early sold undivided twelfth parts to 
various persons, among others "one twelfth and a half 
of one twelfth " were sold to Robert Livingston July 
20* 1728. The purchasers had many of them died 
and lefl numerous heirs and among these was Mr. 



LivingBton. There wert) heirs of iiiaiiy others, who 
in the same way had become possessed of interests 
larger or smaller in that Neck. The Palmers under 
the erroneous idea that the division line between the 
Middle and the Eact Neck ran due north and not 
Northwestward sold some three or four farms up- 
wards of 500 acres altogether to one Cornwall who 
entered thereon. This laud was within the Manor of 
Scarsdale and a jiatt of the East Neck. Thereupon, 
the purchaser having in the mean time died, four 
ejectment suits were begun by Anne de Lancey and 
Lewis Johnston against his sons Benjamin Cornell 
(as the name soon began to be spelled and pronounced) 
Joseph Cornell, Peter Cornell, and John Cornell. 
This was in 17(i4. The number of persons who found 
themselves interested was so great as to greatly delay 
the proceedings. The question was where was the 
proper starting point between the Necks and what 
the true direction the line was to run. Finally it 
was at last determined by all parties to leave the 
question to a board of arbitrators. But so delayed 
was the business by the numbers it affected that the 
Articles of Agreement to arbitrate were not executed 
till the 21" of March 176i). The Parties were, " Wil- 
liam, Earl of Stirling, Peter van Brugh Livingston, 
John Stevens, John Reid, Walter Rutherford, Robert 
R. Livingston, Gentlemen, William Smith Jun'., Esq 
Thomas Smith Esq. Joseph Cornell, John Cornell, 
Benjamin Cornell, and Sarah Cornell, E.xecutors of 
Peter Cornell, Edward Burling, Benjaii.ln Palmer, 
John Palmer, Yeomen, Mary Ashfield Spinster, Sarah 
Morris as widow and Richard Morris Esq', William 
Smith Jun', Esq', Surviving Executors of Lewis Mor- 
ris deceased, James Kinsey of Nc Jersey, and John 
Thomas jun'. of Westchester, of the one part, and 
Anne De Lancey widow of the Honourable James De 
Lancey Esq. Deceased, and Lewis Johnston of Perth 
Amboy New Jersey, Physician of the other part." ' 

The Arbitrators chosen were " Samuel Wyllys of 
Jericho Long Island, Gentleman, Abraham Clark of 
Elizabethtown New Jersey, Stephen Crane of the 
same place, Gentlemen, William Nicoll J', of Islip, in 
Suffolk County Esq." These Parties gave bonds in 
£5000 each to abide by the award, and it was agreed 
that each side should bear its own expenses, except 
as to those for the services of the arbitrators and 
the running of the line in accordance with the award, 
of which each side was to pay one half. The point 
to be decided as stated in the articles of agreement 
was to fix the true point near and below Westchester 
Path from which the dividing line was to be run in a 
North Northwesterly direction. 

The hearings were long and much evidence locally 
interesting was brought forward. The Counsel were, 
for Anne de Lancey and Lewis Johnston, Thomas 
Jones, for the other parties. Whitehead Hicks, John 
Morin Scott, and William Smith Jun', all but Scott 

From the orlgloal iaatrumeut in tha writer's poawMion. 

subsequently Judges of the Supreme Court of the 
Province, two, Smith Jun', and Jones, were the two 
historians of the Province. Hicks was also Mayor of 
New York, and John Morin Scott was one of the 
Generals on the Whig side in the Revolution, and a 
lawyer of eminence. The award was unanimous and 
the operative part is in these few words, " we do 
award, order judge, and determine, that the place 
where the straight line of partition that is to run be- 
tween the said two Necks or Tracts of Land shall begin 
in the middle of the creek or run of water leading from 
Dirty Swamp where the said Creek or Run of Water 
crosses Westchester old Path." All the original 
papers in this transacticm bearing the autographs 
of all the distinguished men and other parties men- 
tioned above are in the writer's possession in perfect 
preservation and from them this sketch has been 
drawn up. The result was to show the Cornell farms 
were in the Manor of Scarsdale where Colonel Heath- 
cote had originally laid them out, except in one in- 
stance where the line went througn one of the 
houses, which threw a little of the land west of the 
line and on the Middle Neck. 

The Middle Neck continued in the hands of several 
owners, most of them members of the Palmer family 
until about 1790 when Mr. Peter J. Munro who a 
year or two before had bought the original Samuel 
Palmer House (now pulled down and which stood 
back and a little to one side of the two enormous 
elms now standing east of, and near, the Larchmont 
Railroad crossing at the Boston Road, and about 150 
feet south of the road itself) and its farm, acquired all 
the other lands on the Neuk, except the Scott House 
and the mill pond on the extreme western extremity 
of the Neck, and became the owner in fee simple 
of the whole. In his possession and that of his 
family it remained till the year 1845 when the part 
south of the Boston road, with the great house he 
built upon it was sold to the late Mr. Edward K. Col- 
lins. From him or his representatives it passed 
finally into the hands of the late Mr. Flint and his 
associates who upon it have erected the beautiful 
summer village called Larchmont. 

It is sometimes styled Larchmont " Manor" bat as 
this sketch shows the Neck upon which it is situated 
never was either a Manor or part of a Manor. The 
Munro farm was very large and the extent of the part 
of it below the Boston Road, some 330 acres, and the 
large Munro House now the chief Hotel, suggested 
the idea of calling it a " Manor " to the first or- 
ganizers of the enterprise simply to give it prestige 
and name. No pleasanter place can be found near 
New York for a summer home. 

The origin of the name Larchmont is a little odd, 
as neither larches nor hills are indigenous to the 
Neck. When Mr. Munro built his house, he wished 
to plant a quick growing grove of trees along the 
turnjjike road west of his entrance. His Scotch 
gardener, a man of the name of Rae, suggested the 



lurches of his native land as they grow very rapidly 
indeed, and oflered to send to his relatives in Scot- 
land for seed. Mr. Munro assented, the seed came, 
the trees were planted, and answered the jmrpose ad- 
mirably for about twenty or twenty five years, then 
they grew scraggy, began to die, and were gradually 
removed, the last of them during Mr. Collins' owner- 
ship, by whom the name was given to the place while 
it was his. This was the origin of the Scutch Larch 
in Westchester County, neither a handsome, nor 
long lived tree and not an acquisition of value. The 
" Mont " Mr. Collins evolved from his own conscious- 
ness, perhaps because the larch grows chiefly upon 
hills in itti native land. 

Larchmont possesses one of the largest and most 
flourishing yacht-clubs in the country. The beauty 
and accessibility of its situation and the wide ap- 
proach to its shores by water gives it very great ad- 
vantages, as well its position at the wide opening of 
the western end of Long Island Sound. The mem- 
bership is about 400 and is increasing, and the club 
house on the water's edge is a fine and convenient 
building. Long Beach Point the western extremity 
of De Lancey's Neck extending out parallel to the 
shores of Larchmont forms a cove or small harbour, 
of great beauty directly in front of the village it- 

That part of the Munro farm west of the Turnpike 
was bought about 1840 by the late Judge James I. 
Roosevelt, who arranged the Cottage now the property 
of the family of the late Mr. George Vanderburg for 
his own residence. It has since been laid out in 
several small village plots, a large part of it is also 
owned by the Proprietors of Larchmont, through 
which runs the surface railway to tl: Larchmont 
stationof the New Haven Railroad, \Miich is upon 
this property. West of the Railroad but invisible 
from it on account of the forest, is " Hannah's Peak," 
the highest point on the Southeastern shores of Long 
Island Sound and one of the stations of the Coast 
Surtey. In its neighborhood can also be seen a fine 
specimen of that natural curiosity, the Rocking 
Stone. It is an immense boulder so accurately poised 
that it can be moved without being overthrown. 

The part of the East Neck which early in the last 
century acquired the name it has since borne of " de 
Lancey's Neck," remained continuously in that family 
without any of it being sold until 1848 when the 
late Mr. Thomas James de Lancey who had inher- 
ited the western part of it, with the assent of his 
uncle the late Rt. Reverend William H. de Lancey 
who had inherited the eastern part, sold his por- 
tiofl in large divisions to various parties. Its splendid 
situation, with its two beaches Long Beach and 
Scotch Beach, with Ma'maroneck Harbour on its east 
side and De Lancey's Cove on its west side marked 
it out as a place for the fine seats and marine villas 
of gentlemen, with which its entire water front is 
now covered. The roads and drives upon it, and 

the marine and inland views it commands are very 
beautiful and extensive. The central poiuun is dot- 
ted also with the handsome residences of gentlemen, 
and on the high ground at the picturesque entrance 
to the Neck is a large and handsome Hotel in the 
midst of large grounds handsomely laid out through 
the good taste and enterprise of Mr. Thomas L. Rush- 
more the gentleman who built it and who dwells in 
the neighbourhood with his children around him, 
each with his or her family possessing handsome 
places of their own. 

Upon Long Beach Point on the west extremity 
of the Neck stands the splendid home of 'Mr. Henry 
M. Flagler. This point, originally with a splendid 
beach on each side of it, juts into the Sound from 
the Body of the Neck. The late Mr. John Oreacen 
bought it of Mr. Thomas J. de Lancey, and built 
a large double brick house, now a part of Mr. Flag- 
ler's magnificent mansion, at the western end of 
this unique situation, and surrounded the [loiiit with 
a huge wide stone sea wall upon the top of which he 
laid out a drive, which is without a rival of its kind 
on the American sea coast. The Neck itself is the 
" Satanstoe " of Fenimore Cooper's novel of that 
name and is therein generally described. To this 
point the late Mr. Greacen gave the name of 
" Orienta," the origin of which as he himself told 
the writer was this. After he got his house built 
he found that in the summer mornings, he could 
lie in bed and see the Sun rise directly out of the 
water far up the Sound, and therefore he called 
his place " Orient," but '• subsetjuently " said he, 
finding that a little hamlet at Oyster-pond Point, 
Long Island, had appropriated that name, I just 
tacked an " a " to the end of it and called my place 
"Orienta." Being a musical name it is often heard 
as applied to the Neck itself, a fact Mr. Greacen 
said, he did not like " for it ought to be kept for the 
place I made, especially as everybody on the Neck 
laughed at me when I adopted it." Unfortunately it 
has been taken of late to designate drinking saloons 
&c in the village of Mamaroneck. 

" Vergemere " the writer's place is at the East end 
of the Neck. It and Mr. Flagler's are the only places 
upon it which have a double water front, and where 
vessels can lie in safety in all winds. It is surrounded 
by old forest trees, is very handsomely laid out, and 
commands extensive and striking marine views. Be- 
tween these two are the seats of Mr. James M. Con- 
stable, Mr. J. A. Bostwick, the Hon. David Dudley 
Field, Mr. Wm. G. Read, Miss Van Hchaack, Mr. 
Ambrose McGregor, as well as those of Mr. Leonard 
Jacob, Mrs. Eldridge, Mr. Meigham, and that of the 
late James M. Miller, and Mr. James T. Burnet. 

The town records of Mamaroneck consist of two 
volumes, one a small parchment covered folio, begin- 
ning only on the 2d of April, 1G97, containing the 
records of the annual elections down almost to the 
present time, when it became full. The other is a 



large folio about half full of deeds and miscellaneouH 
papers among which are many freeing negro ulavt-H 
under the state laws gradually abolishing slavery. It 
was opened in 1756. 

The first entry in the records of Maraaroneck is as 
follows : 

" Captain James Mott elected and chosen assessor 
for the ensuing year 1G97, Samuel Palmer chosen 
supervisor, Henry Disbrow chosen collector and sur- 
veyor of the highways, William Palmer elected and 
chosen constable and recorder. All done by the free- 
holders and inhabitants of the above said place at a 
town meeting held at the house of Madam Richbil's 
on the 2d day of April 1697." 

The entries of elections are made irregularly for a 
few years subsefjuently to the above date, but after- 
wards quite regularly. From an examination the 
following is a list of the supervisors and clerks of the 
town from the beginning iw accurate as it can he 
made : 


1697. Sniuiiel Palmer. 
KiUfWW, 17(tt. Jiiiiies Slott. 
17117-8. Henry Dinbrow. 
1710-11. Samuel Piilmor. 
1712-14. Noliulniiill I'almor. 
1716-16. SilvuniiB Palmer. 

1717. Joalah yuliiby. 

1718. John lirlffuii. 
1719-20. Henry I'uwier. 
1721-22. Silvanuu Palmer. 

1723. Henry Fuwier. 

1724. Silvanus Palmer. 
1725-28. Henry Fowler. 
1727-42. Silvanus Palmer.' 

1743. Underbill Budd. 

1744. Nehemlali i'almcr. 
1746-17. Underliill Budd. 
1748-68. John Stevenson. 
Dec. 1768. John Townsend.s 
176'J-0O. Reuben Bloomer. 
1761-70. Jcdin Town«-nd. 
1771-7S. William Sutton. 
1776. ReulKU Bloomer. 
1783-U3. Gilbert Budd. 
1704-U7. BuiOandn (iriffen, 
1798-1800. John P. De Lancey. 
1801-2. Edward Merrltt. 
1803-6. Aaron Palmer. 
1807-13. Joliu Pinkney. 
1814. John Peter I)e Luncey.^ 
1816. Monmouth Lyon. 

1816. A iron Palmer. 
1817-1. John Pinkney. 

1820-24. John I). Underbill. 
IN26-27. Aaron Palmer. 
IH28. John Morrill. 
1H2II. (Mwin Post. 
1h30. Henry Munro. 
l8:)l-32. James H. Union. 
1833-34. Slonmouth Lyon. 
18.'ta-42. James H. <iuion. 
l843-4.'i. Benjamin M. Brown. 
1846. Stephen C. Orlff.n. 
I847-4U. Ueujaniin 51. Brown. 

1860. James II. Guion. 

1861. Charles W. Hopkins. 
18i')2. Louis Walsh. 

1853. Zachuriali Voorhees. 

1864. Louis Walsh. 

186.')-6H. John Morrell. 

1850-60. William L. Darker. 

1861. Louis Walsh. 

1X62-64. Jonas D. Hill. 

1865-66. Louis Walsh. 

1867. Jacob B. Humphrey. 

1808. Sehuromau Ilalsted. 

I86U-70. Thomas L. Itushmore. 

1K71. James J. Burnet. 

1872-76. Charles II. Birney. 

1877. Matthias Bunta, who has 
been continually re-elected to the 
present year, 1886, and for the 
last few years by a niuiuinions 
vote of all parties, although he is 
a strong Democrat. 

161)7-99. William Palmer. 
1702. Obadluh Palmer. 
1708-18. Eliezer Oeduey. 
1718-64. Nebemiah Palmer. 

Town Clkrkii. 

1758-66. William Mott. 
1766-70. John Townsend. 
1771-1806. UllbortBudd. 
1807-16. Dr. David Rogers, Jr.* 

1 Died 1742. Nohemiah Palmer was elected supervisor in his stead. 

2Ele<;ted in the place of John Stevenson, who had removed from the 

^ The candidate! for supervisor in 1814 wore Henry Merrltt and John 
Pinkney. The result of the election was contested, and in June, 1814, 
the Jnsticeof the peoceappoiuted Mr. De Lancey supervisor. 

< Dr. Rogers and (illbert Budd Horton were the candidates for town 
olerk iu 1814. A contest took place between them over tbe result of the 

1817-24. Honmonth Lyon. 
IS26-26. (iuy ('. Ilayley. 
1827. Coles TompkiuB, 
1828-311. Munnioulli Lynn. 
18.31. Daniel D. T. llaildeu. 
I8.')2-;I4. Walter Manhall. 
1836. Horace B. .Shiul. 
18.36. AnioaF. Hattli'ld. 
1837-41. Epunetns C. Hadden. 
1842-4.'). Elijah (i. Dixon. 
1846-47. Edwuril Seaman. 
1848. OeoriciMlaxter. 
l84t*-53. Edwui'd Seaman. 
1 854-66. Joseph IIofTluan. 
lh.',7-.'>8. Edward S<'aman. 
|8.')0. Joseph llofiinun. 

1860-61. Edward Seamen. 
1862-64. JiKepli Hoffman. 
1865-66. Albert Lyon. 
1867-69. JohmD. Hill. ' > ' 

1870. Albert Lyon. 

1871. Jacob Buckler. 

1872. John N. Boyd. 
1873-74. Francis 0. Corner. 
1875-76. William A. Boyd. 
1877. John C. Kaircblid. 
1878-79. Joseph H. McLoughlln. 
1880. William A. Sickle*. 

1K81. Joseph H. McLoughlln. 

1882. William H. Langu. 

1883. William A. Sickles. 
1884-86. William H. l.ange. 

Space will not permit the introduction of much curi- 
ous information contained in the town records which 
it was the iutention to give, and which is found mixed 
up with the routine entries of town meetings, Ac. &c. 
The following entry however is of much importance 
showing as it does the burial place of John Richbell 
the first white man who bought Mamaroneck of the 
natives — the Father of the Town, his mother in law, 
and one of his daughters. .As Mrs. Richbell his 
widow continued to live iu Mamaroneck and sur- 
vived till the first years of the eighteenth century, 
though the precise date of her death can not be 
found, it is most probable that she too is buried with 
her husband. There is no date to the entry, which 
shows beside the intimacy between the Richbell and 
the Disbrow families. The James Mott who makes 
i his declaration was the husband of Richbcll's daughter 
Mary whose burial is mentioned in it. 

The Burial Place of Richbell. 

" I James Mott do give and grant to Margaret Dis- 
brow and her three sons Henery John and Benjamin 
all belonging to Momoronack to them and their fain- 
ylies forever the Liberty of burying their dead 
whether Father or Mother, husband or wife, brother 
ur sister, son or daughter, in a certain peace of Land 
Laying near the Salt Meadow, where Mr. John Rich- 
bell and his wife's Mother, and my wife Mary Ikiott 
was buried in my home lot or feild adjoining to my 
house, written by William palmer Clerk of Momoro- 
nack by order of Capt James Mott." 

I. Town Records 71. 

The spot is on the property of Mr. Thomas L. 
Rushmore on the little knoll between the Harbour 
and De Lancey Avenue, marked by a few trees and a 
few half buried tombstones of a comparatively late 
date. How many of the Disbrows are buried there 
nought remains to tell. They have had for sixty or 
seventy years a cemetery of their own on West St. 
The last person whom the writer knows to have been 
buried on the knoll, was the venerable Quaker who 
once owned the farm and the knoll itself. Seaman Giles 
— and of whom he has a vivid recollection. It is the 

election, which was terminated in June of that year by the Justices of 
the peace electing Dr. Bugers to the office. 



oldest burial place of civilized man in the town, and 
it in hoped thut some proper historic monument may 
yet mark this spot ao sacred in the memory of the 
earliest settler of Mamuroncck and his family and 

There is one other entry in the town book of such 
an odd nature that it must be mentioned, an entry 
which shows the strength of an agricultural supersti- 
tion very prevalent in the hwt century and which may 
linger still in some old fashioned regions. 

"April 5"", nsrj. The Freeholders and Inhabitants 
agree that the overseers of Highways are impowered 
to call on all the Men in their several Districts fi>r 
the purpose of Destroying the Barbery bushes, so often 
as the said overseers shall think proper, until the 
whole are destroyed, any man refusing to come, if he 
is legally warned, shall forfeit 4«. for every day, to be 
recovered in the same manner as the fines for neglect 
of working the roads are, which fines shall be lay'd 
out as the overseers think proper." It wasthepopul ir 
belief of that day that the smut or blight in wheat and 
other grains was caused by these unfortunate barberry 
bushes, hence in Mamaroneck as in many other 
places, ridiculous as it seems at this day, they were 
proceeded against as public enemies. 

The de Lanceys of New York so closely connected 
with the Province, and State, and the County of West- 
chester, are of French origin, the first of them in 
America having been driven from France by the Re- 
vocation of the Edict of Nantes, being a Huguenot. 
The annexed account of this family ia mainly from 
Bolton's """"ud edition of his History of West- 
chester Con wiiich was drawn up irom the au- 
thorities referi to in it, and later information from 
the late Bishop de Lancey and the present writer. 

The de lianceys of New York, are a branch of the 
ancient house of de Lancey in France, springing 
from Guy de Lancey, Eeuyer, Vicomte de Laval et de 
Nouvion, who in 1432, held of the Prince-Bishop of 
the Duchy of Laon, the fiefs of the four banier of La- 
val, and that of Nouvion.' These territories formed 
one of the fourVicomte-cies of the Laonnois, a divi- 
sion of the old province of the " Isle of France," 
bordering on Picardy. 

The manuscript genealogies of this family are pre- 
served in the Armorial General de la France 2d Reg- 
ister, 2d volume, in t*he National Library of France'' 
at Paris, and in the archives of the department of 
the Aiane, at the city of Laon. The latter have been 
given in the Dictionnaire Historique du Depart- 
ment de' I'Aisne of M. Melville.' The descent is 
thus given from the French authorities.* 

1 Soiiietimeii spollud " Noiiviitn." Tlieae laiiilB iiiiil vllliigw uro Hitiiutril 
a few nilliM from thi> city of Laon iu tlio iirescnt dopiirtuieiit of the 

a Tlio o(Bi:lttl MSS. of thin work, the great National Register of tlio 
French Nobleaee, were flrat printed by unier of I/oiiin XV., in 17:)8. 

' In two TOls. 8vo., |iublieiie(i ut I'ariii and ut Laon in 18(i5. 

< Le Nobilialre de I'lcarrtio, l'uri», (',<.'• tiflu "Lauui," Dictionnaire de 


The prefixed Roman numerals are bo used in the 
French genealogies to denote the ditt'erent in- 
divi<luals bearing the same Christian name. 

1432. Guy de Lancy, Eeuyer ' Vicomte de Laval et 
de Nouvion. Wife, Anne de Marcilly. 

1436. Jean I, (John) de Lancy, 2d Vicomte. 

1470. Jean II, (John) de Lancy, 3d Vicomte, Deputy 
to the States -General at Tours in 1484, present at 
the battles Fornoue and Ravvenna. 

1525. Charles I, dc Lancy, 4th Vicomte. Wives, 
1. Nicole St. Pere, issue, one daughter, mar- 
ried Antoine Pioche, of Laon. 2. Marie de 
Viliiers, issue two sons, Charles 6th Vicomte, 
and Christophe, Seigneur de Raray. 

1535. Charles II, de Lancy, 5th Vicomte. Wife, Isa- 
bel Branche, married 15th April, 1534 ; issue, 
Charles 6th Vicomte, Jacques (James) Claude, 
and a daughter Barbe. 

1561». Charles III, de Lancy, 6th Vicomte. Wives, 1. 
Madeline Le Brun, married 2l8t of July, 1569 ; 
issue, Charles IV., de Lancy, Seigneur de Coc- 
quebine, (who died in 1()(>7, leaving by Francoise 
Crochart, his first wife; Charles V, de Lancy, 
Seigneur de Charlomont, who died unmarried. 
By his second wife Marthe de Resnel, the 
Seigneur de Cocciuebine, who was created a Coun- 
sellor to the King, 20th of March, 1652, by whom 
he had no children.) 
Charles III, de Lancy, 6th Vicomte, was pres- 

1590. ent at the battle of Ivry in 1590 2. By his 
second wife Claude de May, married 15th Janu- 

1593. ary, 1593, he had issue, Charles de Lancy, Sieur 
de Suine et de Niville, Antoine, a Canon of the 
Cathedral of Laon, and Claude. 

1611, Charles de Lancy, Sieur de Suine et de Niville, 

1653. born in 1611, married 25th June, 1653, Jeanne 
Ysore, was created a Counsellor of State to the 

1689. King in 1654, and died 23d of November, 1689, 
leaving issue, one child, — 
Charles Ambroise de Lancy, Seigneur de Ni- 

1702. ville et du Condray, de Frenoi, et d'Orgemont, 
who married 9tb January, 1702, Marie Made- 
leine Labbe. He was confirmed in his nobility 

1697. by a decree of the King in Council, Nov. 30th, 
1697. He had issue, an only son, — 

1707. Pierre Charles de Lancy, Seigneur de Niville 
et de Blarus, born 5th of June, 1707 ; an officer of 

1750. the King's Guards, who died unmarried in 

Christophe de Lancy, Signeur de Raray, 
above named, the younger of the two sons of 
Charles de Lancy 4th, Vicomte de Laval et de 

1525. Nouvion, created Baron de Raray, having no 
issue by his first wife, Barbe de Loueu, married 

1553. Secondly, January 19th, 1553, Francoise Lami, 
daughter of Pierre Lami, Seigneur de la Morliere. 

In KobleiMw de France, by Chuuaye De^buiB, vol, Tiii : title *' Laucy;'* An- 
nnaire de la Nobleflau of Borel d'Hauterive for 1656, ** Lancy — Raray.** 
> Eeuyer, denotue a gentleman entiUed to use coatamior. 



1584. He died in 1584, leaving a son Nicholas de 
Lancy, second Baron, Treasurer of Gaston, first 
Duke of Orleans who married Lucrece de 
Lancise, a Florentine lady, and had four chil- 
dren. 1. Henry de Lancy, third Baron, who 

1654. was created January 17th, IGM, Marquis De 
Barai. 2. Francois de Lancy, Seigneur D'Ara- 
niont, called the Chevalier de Karay, who was 
killed at the siege of Cdiule, 17th August, 1074, 
unmarried ; and 3. Charles de Lancy, Seigneur 
de Ribecourt, et Pimprii, who married Made- 
leine d'Aguesseau and died without issue in 1675. 
4. Madeleine de Lancy, nuirried 11th Novem- 
ber, 1619, Charles de Mornay, Seigneur de Mont- 

Henry de Lancy, above named, Ist Marquis de 
Raray, married January 30th, 1633, Catharine 
d'Angennes, daughter of Louis d'Angennes, 
Seigneur de la Loupe and his wife Francoise, 
daughter of Odet, Seigneur d'Auberville, Bailly 
of the city of Caen, in Normandy, by whom he 
had, 1. Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lancy, 2d Mar- 
quis ; 2. Charles de Lancy-Raray, killed at the 
siege of Lille, in 1667, unmarried ; and 3. Marie 
Charlotte, wife of Louis des Acres, Marquis de 
I'Aigle, who died in Paris, August 27th, 1734, 
aged 82 years.' 

1660. Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lancy, second Mar- 
quis de Raray, married 4th May, 1660, Marie 
Luce Auberj-, daughter of Robert, Marquis de 
Vatan, and had two sons, Charles Henry de 
Lancy, third Marquis, made a page to the King 

1679. in 1679, who died shortly after, unmarried, and 
Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lancy, who succeeded 
his brother an fourth Marquis and died unmar- 
ried not long after. Both these brothers died 

1680. in 1680 ; and with them ended the males of 
this branch of the family. Their sisters were 
five, Henriette, wife of the Marquis de Creve- 
coBur ; Catharine, wife of the Seigneur de la Bil- 
larderie ; ' Francoise, died unmarried ; Annette, 
died unmarried, and Marie Luce, wife of the 
Comte de Nonant, who died 16th March, 1743, 

;, aged eighty. 

' Le PsUia d'LIIonneiir, Paris, 1604, pago ;112, family " d'Angonnos." 
•In front of tlie altar at the Church of Vrclierio, (de|>artmeDt of 
Cite, France), there is a toiiilMtone erected to thia laily, inacabed : — 

D. O. M. 

let ropoae 
Haute etpiiiaanute Dame 
Madame Fkancoisf. iik Lanci Rabi, dame 
Dea Terrea et Setgneuriea, d'Haramont, Kibecourt, 
Pimpre St. Qcrraain et Kuy, en lurtio Chatelaine 
Bereditaire et engugiatu dee DomalneH de lUthlzy 
et Verborie, pneaidea par sea jwrea de puigplua 
deux centa ana veuve de Meaaire llarthelemi de 
Flahaut Chevelier aeigneur de la Billarderie Mai tro 
de camp de Cavalerie, exempt dea gardes du corps 
du Roi toe a la batalle da Mai plaqust. La dita 
" Dame de la Billarderie eat decedee la 2S Juin, 16ij4. 

• ' agree de 61 ana. 

Fiiez pour aon knt ■ . ' :\_'' 1 

The Arms are blazoned in the "Armorial 
General de la France," thus, " Akmks; or, a I'aigle 
eployee de stible, charge sur I'estomac d'un ecusson 
d'azur, a trois lances d'or, posces en pal, pointes en 
haut." In English, Akmh : Or, an eagle wings dis- 
played, sable, charged on the breast with a shield 
azure, three tilting lances or, in pale, points upward. 

On becoming a British subject, Ktienne (or Ste- 
phen) de Lancy modified these arms which had 
originated before the use of crests in heraldry, to 
make them more like those of English families, most 
of which have crests ; and though not registered in 
the English College oi Arms, they appear as so modi- 
fied in most English heraldic works, and have since 
been so borne in America, notably on the official seal 
of his son James de Lancey, aa Lt. Governor and 
('aptain General of New York. They are thus blaz- 
oned: — Arms; Azure, a tilting lance proper, point up- 
ward with a pennon argent bearing a cross gules 
fringed and floating to the right, debruised of afess, or. 
Crest ; a sinister arm in armor einbowed, the band 
grasping a tilting lance, pennon floating, both proper. 
Motto ; Certum voto pete finem. 

The name of this family, anciently spelled " Lanci," 
and later "Lancy," in France, was anglicised by 
Etienne de Lancy on being denizenized a British sub- 
ject in 1686, after which time he always wrote his 
name Stephen de Lancey — thus inserting an " e" in 
the final syllable. The " de" is the ordinary French 
prefix, denoting nobility. 

The Seigneur Jacques (James) de Lancy, above- 
named, second son of Charles de Lancy, fifth Vicomte 
de Laval et de Nouvion, was the ancestor of the 
Huguenot branch, the only existing one, of this fam- 
ily. His son the Seigneur Jacques de Lancy of Caen, 
married Marguerite Bertrand,daughter of Pierre Ber- 
trand of Caen, by his first wife, the Demoiselle Firel, 
and had two children, a son Eticnnc (or Stephen) de 
Lancey, born at Caen, October 24, 1663, and a daugh- 
ter, the wife of John Barbaric. ' On the revocation 
of the edict of Nantes, Stephen de Lancey was one of 
those who, stripped of their titles and estates, fled 
from persecution — leaving his aged mother, then a 
widow, in concealment at Caen, he escaped to Hol- 
land, where, remaining a short time, he proceeded to 
England, and taking out letters of denization as an 
English subject at London, on the 20th of March, 
1686, he sailed for New York, where he arrived on 
the 7th of June following. Here with three hundred 
pounds sterling, the proceeds of the sale of some 
family jewels, the parting gift of his mother, he em- 
barked in mercantile pursuits. By industry and strict 
application to business, he became a successful mer- 

' M8S., " Bertrand" Genealogy : — John Barbarie and hia family came 
to New York in 166S, in which year (on 5th January), he and hia aoni 
Peter, and John Peter, were denizened aa Engllah aubjeita in London. 
He waa aubseqiiently a merchant in New York, in partnerahip with 
hia brother-in-law, Stephen de Loucy, and a member of the Council of 
the Prorince. 



rhniit iind amasRed a large fortune. He was a highly 
eateemed and influential man, and held, through all 
his life, honorable appointments in the councils of 
the city, as well as in the Representative Assembly of 
the Province. He was elected Alderman of the west 
ward of the city, five years after his arrival, in 1691. 
He was representative from the city and county of 
New York, in the Provincial Assembly, from 1702 to 
1715, with the exception of 170!> ; and in 172.'), on the 
decease of Mr. Provoost, he was elected again to that 
body. The following year he was re-elected, and con- 
tinued in ofiSce until 1737 ; a service of twenty-six 
years in all. In 1716, being a vestryman of Trinity 
church, he contributed £50, the amount of his salary 
as Representative to the General Assembly, to buy a 
city clock for that church, the first ever erected in 
New York. To him and Mr. John Moore, his part- 
ner, the city is also indebted for the introduction of 
fire engines, in 1731. ' He was one of the principal 
benefactors of the French church, Du St. Esprit, es- 
tablished in New York by the refugees who fled upon 
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and a warm 
friend of the French Huguenots at New Rochelle. 
The following letter addressed by him, 1591, to his 
friend Alexander Allaire, is still preserved among the 
public records at New Rochelle. 


HoNt. Allaibi : 

Monsieur Notre Amy Mona. Bonheiler, aviint de partir ine ilonneru 
urdre qu'cri cufl <iiiil viii^Mo A inourlr 11 Holt fair donitation de bpk t^rres 
& wi fllleiile vutre tlllo, 8y vouh |n)uvu'/ fulre qiielque 1k>iii>tlce den dlU) 
terroit. Sott A (^iijier de8 arbruH on ii fulre des folns sur lew [iralrlei} vou8 
le poiiveH a rexcluslon de qui qiiese Holt, .lo suit*. 

Muns, votre tr6 humble servlteiir, 


Ceil est la v{)retable copple de Torlglnal. • 

He was a vestryman of Trinity church, New York at 
the time of his death, in 1741. He married January 
23d, 1700, Anne Van Cortlandt, daughter of Stephanus 
Van Cortlandt (whose family was then one ofthi- 
most opulent and extensive in the Province). Stephen 
de Lancey at his death in 1741 left issue surviving, 
James, Peter, Stephen, John, Oliver, Susan and 
Anne. Of these sons Stephen and John died bache- 
lors. Susan married Admiral Sir Peter Warren, and 
Anne ttie Hon. John Watts of New York. The eldest 
son, Juiiiesde Lancey, a man of great talent, was born 
in the City of New York, 27tl November, 1703, and 
received his education at the University of Cambridge, 
England. He was a fellow commoner of Corpus 
Christi College (where he was styled the " handsome 
American") and studied law in the Temple. In 1725, 
he returned to New York, and on the decease of John 
Barbaric, his uncle by marriage, was appointed by 
George II. to succeed him in the Provincial Council. 
He took his seat at the board, January 29, 1729, and 
held it to April 9, 1733, when he was appointed Chief 

Justice of New York and continued so the remain- 
der of his life. In 1753, on the accession of Sir Uan- 
vers Osborne os Governor, in the place of George 
Clinton, ho received the commission of Lieutenant- 
Governor, which had been conferred upon him in 
I 1747 by George I) . and had been kept back by Clin- 
ton until this time. The oath of office was adminis- 
tered October 10, 1753. The tragical death of Sir 
Danvers Osborn by suicide two days afterwards, oc- 
I casioned the elevation of Mr. de Lancey to the Gu- 
I bernatorial chair, which he occupied till the 2d of 
I September, 1755, when the new Governor, Admiral 
] Sir Charles Hardy arrived, who administered the 
' government till the 2d of July, 1757. Preferring a 
naval command Hardy resigned, and sailed in the 
expedition to Louisburgh, and Mr. De Lancey again 
took the reins of Government. 

The ministry of England wished to keep the com- 
mand of New York in the hands of Mr. de Lancey, 
but it was then, as it is to this day, a rule of the Eng- 
lish Government never to appoint a native colonist to 
the supreme command over his own colony. To effect 
their object in this case without violating their 
rule, they decided not to appoint any new Governor 
as long 08 Mr. de Lancey lived; he therefore re- 
mained the Governor of New York under his commis- 
sion as Lieutenant-Governor until his death, some 
three years afterwards, on the 30th of July, 1760.' 

"On the 19th of June, 1754, Governor de Lancey 
convened and presided over the celebrated Congress of 
Albany, the first Congress ever held in America, over 
which he presided. This was a Congress of delegates 
from all the colonies, which the home government di- 
rected the Governor of New York to hold, for the pur- 
pose of conciliating the Indian nations who were in- 
vited to attend it; of renewing the covenant chain 
and attaching them more closely to the British inter- 
est, and comprising all the provinces in one general 
treaty to be made with them in the King's name, and 
for no other purpose.* Speeches and presents were 
made to the Indians who promised to do all that was 
asked of them, but no formal treaty whatever was 
concluded. The Congress voted instead, that the 
delegation from each colony except New York, should 
appoint one of their number, who together should be 
a committee to digest a plan for a general union of all 
the colonies. 

The choice of the New York committee-man was 
left to Governor de Lancey, who, acting most impar- 
tially, appointed his political opponent, William 
Smith, Esq., the elder.* This movement, which was 
not within the objects of the Congress as defined in 

> Mlacellsneoiu works, by Oen. de Peyster ; Ba Poyater Oen. Ref. 
p. 64. 
< Copied tnm original H88. iu Beo. of New Bochelle. 

' For a fiill biographical sketch of Oovernor De Lancey, see Docamen- 
tary History of New York, toI. IV, p. 1037. 

* Virginia and Carolina did not send delegates, but desired to be con- 
sidered as present. Doc. Hist. N. Y., II, 6fi7. 

' See Letter of Lords of Trade, directing the holding of the Congress, 
and the minutes of its proceedings In full. In Doc. Hist. N. Y., II, 6i6 
and N. Y. Col. Hist., tI. p. 853. 




the letter of the Board of Trade above mentioned, ru- 
Bulted in the itdopting of a plan of a union to be made 
by an act of Parliament, which, after the provinioni* 
were resolved on, was put into form by lienjamin 
Franklin, who wiu a delegate from Pennsylvania, and 
which was not decided upon, but merely sent to the 
different provincn* for consideration. 

Before the motion for the appointment of this com- 
mittee wa« made, (Jovernor de Lancey, being in favor 
of the colonies uniting for their own defence, pro- 
posed the building and maintaining, at the joint ex- 
pense of the colonies, of a chain of forts covering their 
whole exposed frontier, and some in the Indian coun- 
try itself. But this plan, like the other, was without 
effect upon the Congress ; for, as he tells us himself, 
"they seemed so fully persuaded of the backwardness 
of the several assemblies to come into joint and vig- 
orous measures that they were unwilling to enter 
upon the consideration of the matters." ' His idea 
seems to have been for a practical union of the col- 
onies for their own defense to be made by themselves; 
whilst that of the committees, who despaired of a vol- 
untary union, was for a consolidation of the colonies 
to be enforced by act of Parliument. Neither plan, 
however, met with favor in any quarter, and the Con- 
gress effected little but the conciliation of the In- 

In the autumn of IITA, the Governor suggested to 
the Assembly the system of settling lands in town- 
ships instead of patents, a measure which, being 
passed by them, rapidly increased the population and 
prosperity of the colony.'' 

On the 3l8t of October, 1754, Governor de Lancey 
'(;ned and passed the charter of King's (now Colum- 
) college, in spite of the long and bitter opposition 
ot the Presbyterians, led by Mr. William Livingston. 
So decided were they against the Episcopalians at 
this time, and so determined were the efforts of Mr. 
Livingston to break down the college, that, though 
signed and sealed, the charter was not delivered in 
consequence of the clamor, till May 7th, 1755, when, 
after an address. Governor de Lancey presented it to 
the trustees in form.* 

" No American had greater influence in the col- 
onies than James de Lancey. Circumstances, it is 
true, aided in raising him to this elevation — such as 
education, connections, wealth, and his high conser- 
vative principles ; but he owed as much to personal 
qualities, perhaps, as to all other causes united. Gay, 
witty, easy of access, and frank, he was, personally, 
the most popular ruler the Province ever possessed, 
even when drawing . tightest the reins of Govern- 

1 See bin speech to the Aaaembly of AiigiiBt 2Uth, 17S4. Am. Jour., II, 
Wll, 387. 

2 Sfv the proceedingB of the Congress. Doc. Hist. N. Y., II, 3«8, 387. 
'^Auimiibly Juiiruul, II, fur September, 1754. 

<Duo. Hist. N. r. IV, 1061. 
' Doc. Hist. N. r., p 11)57. 

The death of Governor James de Lancey, which 
took place on the <'il)th of .luly, 17(>0, was an event 
which had a great influence in the affairs of the Prov- 
ince. He was found expiring u])on that morning, 
seated in his chair in his litirary, too lute for medical 
aid. His funeral took place on the evening of the 
31st of July, I7(iO. The body was deposited in his 
family vault, in the middle aisle of Trinity Church, 
the funeral service being performed by the Kev. Mr. 
Barclay, in great magnificence; the building was 
splendidly illuminated. The accounts of the funeral 
and the procession from his house in the Bowery to 
the church, filled columns of the papers of the day.' 

The following particulars are copied from a memo- 
randum written by the elder John Watts, of New 
York, in 1787 : 

"Jameade I.nncey wua man of iinroiiinion alillltlet In erery view, 
from the law to agrlcnltiin', utid uu ol»gant, plouiwnt ctiniiiAiiioii — what 
mrely unitm In one i>orriun ; it RcttnuKl duubtfiil which excelled, his 
quick iwnetmtlon or his sound {iidgnient ; thH first seenied an Instant 
f^ulde to the last. No man in either otnce, (('binf Justice or Lieut. 
('tovernt>r,) bad mure the li>va ami confidence of the iwoplo ; nor any 
man, Ixtfuru or since, half the influence, lie whk unfortunately taken 
from us In July, 17IM), so suildi'Uly that hU vi'ry family sus|H3ctoil no 
danger. We bwl spout, Tcry aKreeably, the day before on !<Uten Island ; 
after ten at night he left my house iwrfectly well, in the niurning be 
was as usual, but about nine a servant was disiHitcbed to tell me his nuu- 
ter was very III. I mounted instantly and hurried to bis house In Ilowery 
Lane, but on the way was alarmed by a call * that all woii over,' and too 
true I found It ; he sat reclined in his chair, one leg drawn in, the other 
extendetl, his arms over the elbows, so natumlly, that bad I not been 
apprized of It, I certainly should have spoken as I enterud the room. 
\ulKHly but bis youngest ilaugbter, a child, was present at the time, so 
little illd the family apprehend the UioAt danger. Never did theee eyes 
behold such a spectacle, or did my spirits feel such an Impression. The 
idea alTects nie whenever I think of It ; to lose such a comiHinlou, such 
a counsellor, such a friend.'* 

James de Lancey married as above stated, Anne, 
eldest daughter and co-heiress of the Hon. Caleb 
Heathcote, Lord of the Manor of Scarsdale. By her, 
he had four sons ; first, James ; second, Stephen ; 
third, Heathcote ; fourth, John Peter ; and four 
daughters ; first, Mary, wife of William Walton, who 
died in 1767 ; second, Susannah, born 18th November, 
1737, died a spinster in 1815 ; third, Anne, born 1746, 
and died in 1817, who married Thomas Jones, Justice 
of the Supreme Court of New York, author of the 
History of New York during the Revolutionary War ; 
and Martha who died a spinster, aged 19, in 1769. 

James De Lancey, the eldest son of the Lieutenant- 
Governor, born in 1732, was the head of the political 
party, called by his name, from his father's death to 
the Revolution and its leader in the Assembly of the 
Province. He married, August 17th, 1771, Margaret 
Allen of Philadelphia, daughter of William Allen, 
Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, whose sister was the 
wife of Governor John Penn of that Province. The 
late Mrs. Harry Walter Livingston (born Mary Allen) 
who died in 1855, was a niece of these two sisters. 
James de Lancey had two sons, Charles in early life 
a British naval officer, and James, Lieut-Colonel of 

* Puker's PmI Boy uid oth«r newqxven. 

■■lA *. 




■u . 

b} Mil K<;l of I'niltMDirnt, Hhtcii, ■■* 

Wvrc rKW'ixKt •>», wuM i«Ml jhUj 

FrAnkliii. who wiuift'lfli -a.*: -'V<»rn 


di . ./ 1 ■ 

Ucfure th'- motion U-t 

of tlx' I'niu 

trj' it.<pl(. Bn' 
i0«-.l U|<(.u lii 

i (t( tbiii ciitit- 

■•• ; id fiiviT ' 

■ Hire, pro- , 

^ iliu joint K%- I 

■■ovwrini? tluir , 

: ii«< ill th(t Iiulinn conn- 

!;i.'' th* <ilh<T. Willi witljout 

for, ad III' i<'n« 11^ liinisDlf, ; 

"tl vtv 4»voi'joil HO hnlv pcntuiuU'il of 'hi br-i k w»nlutf« 
of iltv Hewrik) AK«<<inlilieM to «:.)me lato Joint attit vii;- 
OfniH iiiOMur> <■ thiU they wor« unwiDing to enter 
npu'i the nonaidisrfttion of tlif< iv.ait«»r«."' Hi- id-ia 
■e- ii> to Imvt. 'it'll '.■•r 1 priM:lii'»l Uiiion '»r fiii» imi!- 

iif Ui**:! own dofcnuo l<^ bo made h^thciu* ' 
itjivt if the mir.ittbC*, w!jo dcupttirt"' • 
uif^vij, wat* for ft cor'*!ili'l«»i'jn of tl 

fffori:«s*J by ocl of i'n,' 

»*r iti«t wUh f««'rt .^<' •► 



•bo .iQiniitA !if l/H, ^»U«!«f«r«nir wigK«*»t«l to 
th wuii'lv '.h'' »y«t«»« «if Mi'UlIiJfr IhhiU lu «o^Tn- 
sh innf«n{ fit jjutents, u mciwiiio 'vbiiii. beiiiij 
pa i by then, nipidly iucreiwed-tb*? {.opuIa»ir»ii «nd 
privfu'riLy 'it ii^f wilouy/ 
«> ■ St of Ociv'i>er, 1754, Oovcrnior dcT*,ac«cy 

. ,. ,i.»OTed (be cliailer ol FJingS (n<>«- (;<>liiui 
Jit ; ■■ ' , in ujtite of tb« b»ng uid bitter uppoBition 
of .ji)liyttri»a», led by Mr. William LidBf»i»A 

I'ilef) wero tht^y agairih! thc< K|>i'»c()piiliin?< «t 
thi iiiift, Kti'l «o dctt^nuiucd ■vorc the tiTortu <ti Mf. 
Li ir«Uju t4) V.,c»k down tbt coilnge, llmt, th'H,!)j,i. 
aig 1 urn:' nenletl, rJie chart<*r wiis not d<>liv«'iM| m 
coi \i)<iTic<» of tht> el»ii»or, till May 7th, ITjW, vi'iuH, 
aft UI inlSr***; <«»vi>tuor do LAUcey pre«n:i»t«r'^ .t t» 
thi. busttes IB tw'w ' 

•• No AiaertcsKft feijiii j£r«;i)ter iMflueiwe in the col. 
oniti thjiri Jfiriifcti dw t.feut;»*. CircumHtnuc**, it i« 
tru aiJcfl ni laJxirK ■'"'' to thJi» «»*■ vauou — such mh 
edncation. conneciio.t.-, v^i-i.'<tU, 2.t\d hio bijrh couuoi- 

^! ii>. 

Vfttivc principles; '-"^ '^ ' "" 
qualiti','*, ("crluvjw, . 
wliiy, eHRV of at'oCN^, :j\>[ u 
the mo«t |/.ipuUr ruler ihi- 
ercQ whtin 'Iniwinpr UgbK-- 

li-i' W.-- •)«.. ii .1' ill.! AwukU; urAotftUtyMh, ' 
MB, :'■< 

• S"' til' iiior«f«iiusii uf I1ii» li.ic ■•»•. Doe. imi. 

«J>^. HM. ,■*. t. IV, KBl. 

• Pu.. Hint. S. f.,p.ll»7. 

I !( to }ipr>:o!Vil 

■ ^. h 

. . :,. .||t, 

. »[ in II. ' At 

,.*J t. liW f>ll:i II •■ .'f July, iiirt). 1 
(Wiiilly vmtlt, in tbu tuitdli: m* 
Ibo lurieral H«:r»ic« *'«<ln«j psrfoi.i. ., .- -l. 

l«iir<l«y, ill gxtM uiairiiiBi-.«n<.'« ; th« h<u)dti)K « 
■•jil'iiididly illutniuiit«;ii. Tin- :■ .iil 

iirnl the pr(ici'!«.Hiou from liin ; ■ - '> 

th«) oaurrh, fltlod uoluini'« of (hv />upont of td 
Tb« totlowin^ parti(:u>M»ar« c<>|>iit<l fruin 
r.Ui'.luni wMttcu Iiy ib« oMci J"tm Watt»». 
York, in IT^T: 

'■ ■••■I'* Jl> liWlTOjr >•••■■ •■..■■ ■" ol ■.. •' ■ •••- .' ■••":> 

frum i!i'. !»• ii' n^rioiltnio. mul »i i'Ut(«'il, ;'lMutiiii ■ ii«»»(iat.; ii— • 
tarnljr iiit) * in uii.. ^iw i 't •-.«.. i .> hiv'i.I Mi.lrh ftiiiuU* I. 
i(ukk !»nr<)t*Hnn • l,it< •'' ■iiumI «« ivMtaf 

iflUii* trt '*!•■ Ht ".. » .!,■ ' '.-tk"* ' r**.>vi 

i«».<' 'l.» wf 111- < 

i: it.. 5..I1 .u> U...V-- iMv'i. ;S; »»'.!, .u i!,-« Wv uiilUj! »•' 

. ■«*'»» iilb«« Mir i-inl w.'/iilt«|«l to 111! Hi- 'iJinw- 

. ;l,' ) iiMiuutKl Inif-niirt' «i.1 Itiirrial lohUIipuwln IViWHty ■ 

•r. fli' «»ji *•* \liinn.Hl ly ^ r»U 'tlijt *ll ww i*^4,' »t«l W 

liij* I (vMur^ ii.; hoWnfilii»il ri> !•'» ..b- .m II In. thi' ottii-r 

■^itgti^ hlmniKuvfTthi- iMwi. ». t «W I i)<ii >i'r4i 

Ajr " " -..!-. » . I. . : ,. .^ 

iiUi*. -.i-. ••■ "..• ■ ■ -f- — ■' ■■- 'H^' >'»> • ••■ -• 
ixbcKi "Uth « •ii«c«n<<!», « <IM - n^tlte »wi * vh »» 'npn-^u .. TM 
iJ .It ii(^c*' !'•« »lii>ijii»»r i iltuuk rf It; to ' «u »iirii II <«in|iiiiik>n, i'kK 
« ui'VWntiwv «H& • trkMI.'' ^ 

■ /-ariciiy married asi alxi.-ii .natiHi, ,\ 
i.iitnr aud i;*>-heir«'»i« of the Uon. *'. 
"iti'^tfttCTJv, Lord of the Manor of Sciinnlale. ft; 
: h* W.I frill r Honi«;-tiribt, Jauics ; »oi.oiul, HtH|"* 
; rrtiW; tfWltlicotft; fourth, .Joliu Peicr ; aud 
' :i.'iii|{ivit".n<; iirnt, Mary, wiic of VVillimn Wflltno, viLo 
UWl J» Ittj" : iH'Cor.d,SuiiannAh, horo tStUNovemlnsr, 
17«I7, diwl a Bpinater in 1S13 ; third, Ann<», born T'4«. 
and dl'.'d in 18i7, wbomarrii'd '" 
ofthr Htiprouio t^'wr' ■■<' *<; • 
History of Ncv. - onjkri- \\ .. 

ajiii Marrhs wh. , .» -J i'.i, in 17^0. 

.fiujieK l><i r.*' ♦»« ofihc Lifuteuant' 

ttovfrr ..;4 uic head of thp )H,i!i!: -» 

!!:?■"• iiuiu his father's dea»- 

■.lid it'» leader in the Aaaembly «t 
-i :: luriod, August 17th, 1771. Miirg.. . 
.i)*ihdphia, daughter of William Allen, 
•' '■>{' Piuiuaylviioia, wUose sisti-r v»hi« the 
, ernur .John I'lniu of that Pro/ince. Ilie 
iftt* Mrs, lltirry Walter iUyiugftou (born Mary All«i»> 
"'.i& in IS-W, was a nitiee of tt-iwe t'vo gk- • 
. k Laiivay bad two ftoim, Charlw fu fai!> 
iinti«h naval o(lli)e;^«Bd Jitfiaei, Jy^ut'Colont 

' i'l'jl' 


Yjt^rtM*i WJ '- Buttr« 

ran ■anm <Hm.mi.Uka BCi&iraKcairi m iuHciv.[ii.ii,iiLJi.raix.L. 


Ia3» IB(>5 



the First Dragoon Guards; both died bachelors, the 
former May 6th, 1840, and the latter May 26th, 1857 ; 
and three daughters, Margaret, married July 17th, 
1794, Sir Jiikes Granville Clifton Jukes, Bart, and 
died June 11th, 1804 without leaving children ; Anna 
and Susan who both died spinsters, the first, August 
10th, 1851, and the last April 7th, 1866. 

Stephen the second son of Lieutenant-Governor de 
Laiicey was the proprietor of what is now the town of 
North Salem in this county, which came to his father 
as part of his share in the Manor of Oortlandt, which 
town Stephen de Lancey settled. He built a large 
double dwelling, which he subsequently gave to the 
town for .'■•■ Academy which is still in existence.' He 
married Hannah Sackett, daughter of Kev. Joseph 
Sackett of Crom Pond and died without issue May 
6th, 1795. Heuthcote, the third son of the Lieuten- 
ant-Governor, died young before his father. 

John Peter de Lancey, the fourth son of Lt. Gov- 
ernor de Lancey, was born in the city of New York, 
July 15th, 1763, and died at Mamaroncck, January 
30th, 1828. He was educated in Harrow school in 
England, and at the military school at Greenwich. 
In 1771, he entered the regular army as Ensign, and 
served up to the rank of captain in the 18th, or Royal 
Irish Regiment of Foot. He was, also, for a time by 
special permission, Major of the Pennsylvania Loyal- 
ists, commanded by Col. William Allen. 

He received the Heathcote estates of his mother, 
in the Manor of Scarsdale; and having retired from 
a military life, in 1789 returned to America and re- 
sided at Mamaroneck. He built a new house, still 
standing on Heathcote Hill, the site of hia grandfather 
Heathcote's great brick manor-house, which was ac- 
cidentally burnt several years prior to the Revolu- 
tion. He married 28th September, 1785, Elizabeth 
Floyd, daughter of Col. Richard Floyd of Mastic, 
Suflblk County, the head of that old Long Island 
family, and had three sons and five daughters. The 
sons were, 1. Thomas James, a lawyer, who died in 
1822, at the earTy age of 32, leaving by his wife Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Ellison, an only child, a son, 
also named (Thomua Jiimes.Jwho married Frances 
Augusta Bibby, and died in 1859, without having had 
issue. 2. Edward Floyd, born 18th June, 1795 and 
died a bachelor, 19th October 1820, S. William 
Heathcote, born 8th October, 1797, at Mamaroneck, 
and died at Geneva, New York, April 5, 1865, the 
late Bishop of Western New York. 

The daughters were five in number. 1. Anne 
Charlotte, born 17th September, 1786, married 10th 
December, 1827; John Loudon McAdam, the cele- 
brated originiitor of McAdamized roads," and died at 
Hoddesdon, in England, 29th May, 1862, without is- 

> See Town of North Salem. 

< She was hia eeconJ wife. Hi§ first wife wu Qloriannu Nicnll of 
Saffolk County, Long lalaml; a lint coniin uf Hn. John Petordo Lancey, 
the mother of hia aecond wifu. 

sue. 2. Susan Augusta, wife of James Fenimore 

I Cooper, the eminent American Author, born 28th 

January. 1792, married 1st January, 1811,' and died 

20th of January, 1852. 3. Maria Frances, born 

August 3d, 1793 ; died 17th of January, 1806. 4. 

Elizabeth Caroline, born 4th March, 1801, and died, 

! single, 25th February, 1860. 6. Martha Arabella, 

born lOlh January, 1803, who died in May 1882. 

William Heathcote de Lancey, the first Bishop of 

I Western New York, was born at Heathcote Hill, 

Mamaroneck, October 8th, 1797. 

After attending school at Mamaroneck, and then 
at New Rochelle, where his teacher was Mr. Waite, 
father of the present Chief Justice Waite of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, he was sent to the 
academy of the Rev. Mr. Hart, at Hempstead, L. I., 
: and on the death of that gentleman, was transferred 
at the suggestion of his father's personal friend, the 
Hon. Rufus King, to that of the Rev. Dr. Eigen- 
bi'odt, at Jamaica. Entering Yale College in 1813, 
[ Mr. de Lancey graduated in 1817, and at once com- 
• inenced the study of theology with the celebrated 
j Biihop Hobiirt, as a private student. Ho was or- 
dained a deacon by that prelate on the 28th of De- 
! cember, 1819, and a priest on March 6th, 1822. 
I Lancey married on lhe22dof November, 1820, 
! Frances, third daughter of Peter Jay Munro, of New 
! York, and of Mamaroneck, the distinguished lawyer, 
onlychild of the Rev. Dr. Harry Munro, the last English 
Rector of St. Peter's church, Albany, N. Y., by his 
third wife, Eve Jay, daughter of Peter Jay, the first 
of that nar •2 in Rye, (one of whose younger brothers 
was Chief Justice John Jay) by his wife Margaret, 
daughter of the Hon. Henry White, of the Council of 
the Province of New York, and his wife Eve Van 
Cortlandt, of Yonkers. 

While a divinity student Mr. de Lancey held the 
first services of the Episcopal Church in Mamaro- 
neck; and with the aid of his father, John Peter de 
Lancey and Peter Jay Munro, who were its first 
wardens, founded the Parish of St. Thomas in that 

After serving for short periods as deacon iu Trinity 
church, and in Grace church. New York, he was in- 
vited by the venerable Bishop White of Pennsylvania 
to be his personal assistant in the " Three United 
Churches" of Christ church, St. Peter's, and 8t 
James in Philadelphia, of which he was also the Rec- 
tor. Mr. de Lancey accepted this position and re- 
moved to Philadelphia, where he continued to reside 
in the closest and most confidential relations with 
Bishop White, until the death in 1836, of that great 
and venerable prelate, the first Bishop of the Ameri- 
can Church, consecrated by Anglican Bishops. 

During this period, in 1827, in his thirtieth year, 
Mr. de Lancey was chosen Provost of the University 

' Thia marriage i 
Heathcote Bill. 

I aolemnized in the hoaae of Mr. de Lancey, at 


of Pennsylvania, that old " College in Philadelphia" 
founded by Benjamin Franklin ; and also received 
the degree of D.D., from his Alma Mater, Yale Col- 
lege — being the youngest man upon whom, up to that 
time, she had conferred that honor. He remained 
in the Provostship five years, having brought the 
University up to a very flourishing condition, when 
he resigned to resume his profession and was elected 
assistant minister of St. Peter's church, Philadelphia, 
with the reversion of the Rectorship upon the death 
of Bishop White. 

That event occurring in 1836, Dr. de Lancey then 
became Rector of St. Peter's and remained such until 
1839, when, upon the division of the State of New 
York into two Dioceses, he was elected Bishop of 
that p:;r» of the State, west of Utica, and consecrated 
Bishop of Western New York, at Auburn, May itth, 
1839, and took up his residence at Geneva in Ontario 
County, a town nearly in the centre of the new Dio- 
cese the same year. 

After a long, distinguished and successful episcopate 
of twenty -seven years, Bishoj) de Lancey died in his 
own house in Geneva, on the 5th of April, ISeS, in the 
sixty-eighth year of his age. " In him," said a writer 
of the day, " the Church in America loses the further 
services of one of her oldest and wisest Bishops. De- 
scended from one of the oldest and best families in 
this country — which dates far back in our colonial 
history, and was from the first one of the staunchest 
pillars of the Church — Bishop de Lancey had also the 
good fortune to be personally connected with the 
leading minds in our American branch of the Church 
Catholic. After studying for holy orders under 
Bishop Hobart, and being ordained by him both 
Deacon and Priest, he became assistant to the vener- 
able Bishop White, and continued in the closest and 
most confidential intercourse with him to his death 
in 1836. * * » During his connection with 
the Diocese of Pennsylvania, he filled numerous posts 
of dignity and useful service, among which were the 
Provostship of the University of Pennsylvania, the 
Secretaryship of the House of Bishops, and of the 
Pennsylvania Convention ; his activity, high charac- 
ter and living influence, were inferior to those of no 
other Priest in the Diocese. This early promise was 
not disappointed, but abundantly fulfilled, in his 
career as the first Bishop of Western New York. He 
was one of the men whom nature had marked out for 
a ruler among his fellows. With sound principles, 
earnest devotion, personal gravity, and spotless purity 
of life, he possessed a clearness of head, a keen knowl- 
edge of human nature, and a coolness, caution, readi- 
ness, and boldness, which all combined in making 
him a successful Bishop. His skill in debate was re- 
markable, and was fully equalled by his mastery of all 
the resourcesof parliamentary tactics, either for carry- 
ing a measure which he favored, or defeating one to 
which he was opposed. His vigilance and unflinching 
tenacity were fully on a par with his other qualities; 

and yet his courtesy and gentlemanly bearing, together 
with a pleasant touch of humor, so lubricated the 
friction of every contest, that no undue heat remained 
on either side when the struggle was over. No higher 
testimony could be given to the manner in whi'ih he 
discharged his high office, than the fact of great and 
steady growth in his Diocese, together with a main- 
tenance of an internal harmony, unity and peace, such 
as no one of our great Dioceses has been able to equal, 
much less surpass ; nor was he ever the subject of 
systematic attack from outside of hisown jurisdiction. 
But his care was not limited to his own immediate 
charge. While Hobart College, and De Veaux Col- 
lege, and the Theological Training School, and other 
flourishing Church schools, manifest his power of 
organization and maintenance, and his success in 
rallying aid by means of the confidence which his 
personal and otficial character inspired, he never ne- 
glected the General Institutions of the Church. Not 
only in General Convention was he one of the strong 
men of the Upper House; but in the Board of Mis- 
sions, in the Church Book Society, in the General 
Theological Seminary, he has been among the fore- 
most, sometimes the one of all others to lead the way 
at critical moments, and to sound the call to which 
others were glad to rally. His clear-sightedness, in- 
deed, sometimes made him a little in advance of his 
time; and no truer proof of wisdom could be given by 
a tenacious man than the promptness with which he 
dropped a subject when satisfied that it was not yet 
ripe for action. One case of this kind was in regard 
to the General Theological Seminary, which he fore- 
saw must sooner or later change its form from a gen- 
eral to a local institution ; and about twenty years 
ago he proposed it in the Board. The proposal failed, 
and was not renewed. The time for that change is 
much nearer now than it was then, and the shape 
which it will take, will probably be different in some 
important respects from Bishop de Lancey's ideas at 
that time.' But his foresight as to the coming change 
will continue on record. Another and still more im- 
portant subject was also introduced first by him into 
General Convention — the adoption of the Provincial 
System. Bishop White, indeed, had sketched out the 
plan long before, and he had taken it from the uni- 
versal system of the Church in all ages and countries ; 
but Bishop de Lancey was the first to propose it, 
formally, to the Legislature of the Church. The 
time had not come; and the Bishop wisely let it sleep 
thereafter ; but here, as before, the proof of his fore- 
sight as to the approaching and certain needs of the 
Church is written in the records of her institutions. 
Bishops of more brilliance in some departments, of 
more moving eloquence, of more sympathetic temper- 
aments, of more personal popularity, of more rapid 
visible success, we may behold ; but a Bishop more 

> The change did not com* till about flfteen or alxtean jean after 
BUbop de L.'i death, when the Seminary waa totally reorganlied aa it 
now Is. 



sagacious, more steady, more true, in laying the 
foundations of the Church, liice a wise muster-builder, 
we never expect to see." 

John Peter De Lancey by will (dated 28th of Janu- 
ary, 1823) devised his property in this town to Thomas 
James De Lancey, the only child of his deceased son 
Thomas James, and to his son William Heathcote De 
Lancey the Bishop of Western New York (except a 
portion of the western end of De Lancey's Neck which 
he had conveyed in his life^time to his deceased son 
Thomas James, who had devised the same to his only 
child Thomas James the younger). All the property 
of Thomas James the younger lay upon the western 
part of de Lancey's Neck. The eastern part of that 
Neck, the Heathcote Hill tract, and sedge lots, with the 
other lands of John Peter de Lancey in Mamaroneck 
passed to the late Bishop dejLancey, who devised the 
same to his four surviving children, Edward Floyd. 
John Peter, William Heathcote, Jr., and Margaret, 
wife of Thomas F. Rochester, M.D. The Heatlicote 
Hill estate was devised to them equally, and subse- 
(juently by purchase of the shares of his brothers and 
sister became the sole property of Edward Floyd de 
Lancey, the present proprietor. Thomas James de 
Lancey, the younger, sold his part of de Lancey's 
Neck in his lifetime, and it is now held by many 
owners. The eastern part, has now been sold 
by the children of Bishop de Lancey except the 
extreme south-eastern part, the country seat of Ed- 
ward F. de Lancey. 

Peter de Lancey, second son of Etienne de Lancey 
the Huguenot, prominent in the affairs of the 
Province, Member of Assembly from Westchester for 
many years, and High Sheriff was born 2G August, 
1705, and died 17 October, 1770; he married Eliza- 
beth daughter of Gov. Cadwallader Colden Jan. 7th 
1737-8 and had issue twelve children. 1. Stephen a 
lawyer, Kecorder of Albany, and Clerk of Tryon 
County ; 2. John succeeded his father as Member 
for Westchester and was also High Sheriff of the 
County, married Miss Wickham and had an only 
child a daughter who was the wife of the Hon. 
Christopher Yates, Chief Justice and Governor of the 
State of New York. 3. Peter a lawyer of Charleston, 
S. C. 4. Anne wife of John Coxe of Philadelphia. 5. 
Alice, wife of Balph Izard of S. C. Delegate to the 
Continental Congress from South Carolina, 1780 to 
1783, U. S. Commissioner to Tuscany in 1777, and U. 
S. Senator from S. C. 1789 to 1795. (i. Elizabeth died 
single; 7. James High Sheriff of Westchester at and 
for several years preceding the outbreak of the 
American Revolution, Colonel of the Westchester 
Light Horse, the alert ar.d famous Partisan Chief of 
the Neutral Ground in the war of the Revolution, 
Member of the Council of Nova Scotia, died May 2d, 
1804 at his residence Willow Park, near Annapolis, 
Nova Scotia, aged 58 years ; 8. Oliver, of Westfarms, 
Lieutenant in the Brititii Navy, resigned because he 
would not fight against hia native laud in the Revolu- 

tion, died at Westchester 4th Sept. 1820 ; 9. Susanna 
wife of Col. Thomas Barclay and mother of Henry, 
de Lancey, Thomas, George, and Sir Anthony Bar- 
clay, and Beverly Barclay, and of Eliza wife of 
Schuyler Livingston, Maria wife of Simon Eraser, 
and Susan, first wife of the late Peter G. Stuy- 
vesant of New York, and Ann wife of William H. 
Parsons of that city ; 10. Jane wife of her cousin the 
Hon. John Watts Jr, for a time first Judge of West- 
chester County, and afterwards Recorder of New 
York; 11. Warren, drowned by accident, a child; 12. 
Warren, made a cornet of Horse for his gallantry at 
the battle of White-plains at the age of 15, he having 
run away from his mother's house at West-farms to 
join the British Army; afterwards of New York, and 
subsequently of Madison County New York, where he 
left descendants. 

Oliver de Lancey, the youngest of the sons of the 
Huguenot, and the third of them who left issue, born 
16th Sept. 1718, died at Beverly, Yorkshire, England, 
27th Nov. 1785, a merchant of New York, but more 
prominent in Public life, was Colonel of the Forces, 
and Receiver-General, of the Province of New York 
for many years ; Member of Assembly for the City 
from 1756 to 1760; Member of the Governor's Council 
from 1760 to 1783 ; commander of the Forces of the 
Province in the French War, and as such present at 
the Repulse of Ticonderoga; commander of the De- 
partment of Long Island during the whole Revolu- 
tionary War, for which he raised a brigade of three 
Regiments called " De Lancey's Battalions " of which 
he was the Brigadier-General. Married Phila Franks 
of Philadelphia in 1742, and had issue two sons and 
four daughters ; 1. Stephen, a lawyer born 1748, died 
6 Dec. 1798 at Portsmouth N. IL, Lt. Col. of one of 
his Father's Battalions, after the war Chief Justice 
of the Bahamas, and Governor of Tobago, 
married Cornelia daughter of Rector Barclay of 
Trinity church, N. Y., had one son. Sir William Howe 
de Lancey, K. C. B. (iuarter-Master-General of Wel- 
lington's Army in 1815, who was killed at Waterloo. 
The daughters of Gov^ Stephen, were, 1. Susan, mar- 
ried 1st Col. Wm. Johnson eldest son of Sir .lohn 
Johnson, Bart., and 2d General Sir Hudson Lowe, K. 
C. B. Governor of St. Helena during the captivity of 
Napoleon the Great. Charlotte her only daughter by 
Col. Johnson married Count Balmain, the Russian 
Commissioner at St. Helena ; 2. Phila died, single, 3. 
Anne married Wm. Lawson of the Island of Berbice, 
4. Charlotte married Col. Child of the British Army. 

2. Oliver De Lancey the second son of Brigadier 
General Oliver, (often confounded in histories and 
other writings with his Father) entered the British 
Regular Army, as Cornet in the 17th Light Dragoons, 
a youth, several years prior to the American Revolu- 
tion. He succeeded Andre (being then a Major) in 
1780 as Adjutant-General of the British Army in 
America. In 1 794 was made Colonel of his Regiment 
in succession to the Duke of Newcastle, and Barrack 



Muster Geiienil of the Empire ii year or two lutcr. 
Died unmarried, Colonel of his Keginient and a full 
Qeneralin the Ilritish Army in 1820. 

The Daughters of Brigadier-General Oliver de 
Lanccy were, 1. Susanna wife of General Sir Wm. 
Draper, the conqueror of Manilla, and the opponent 
of "Junius." 2. Phila wife of Stei)hen Payne-Qalwey 
of the Island of Antigua, 3. Anna wife of Col. John 
Harris Cruger, the gallantdefendcrof Fort Ninety Six 
in Carolina, Member of the Council of the Province 
of New York, and as such certified to the correctness 
and legality of the final Partition of the Heathcote es- 
tate in the Manor of Scarsdale in 1774. 4. Charlotte 
wife of Field ]\[arshall Sir David Dundas K. C. B. 
who succeeded the Duke of York iis commander-in- 
chief of the British Army. 

All the usual stores and markets, and conveniences 
of living are to be found in Mamaroneck, and of a 
class and grade not exceeded by any other village in 
the County. Divided from the villiige of Rye Neck 
only by the Mamaroneck river with a free bridge 
across it, the latter has drawn ofl" a large portion of 
the population naturally belonging to Mamaroneck 
which is the post town for both, and has nuide prac- 
tically both places one except in voting. Hence too 
the different societies of all kinds found in an Amer- 
ican town, social, charitable, musical, mechanical, 
and to some extent religious have their headquarters 
in Rye Neck and will be found described in the 
Chapter on Rye. 

The village of Manuironeck until within the last 
few years has suffered, from and Rye Neck has been 
benefited by, a singular cause as far as growth is 
concerned. In 1811 under a special act of the Leg- 
islature was incorporated " The Westchester County 
Manufacturing Society." ' The Act gave this corpo 
ration power to purchase, hold, and convey, lands 
and tenements, goods, wares, and merchandise what- 
soever necessary to theobjectaof this incorporation." 
Under this sweeping clause it bought two farms on 
the Mamaroneck side of the river belonging to Gil- 
bert Budd, a most honorable and respected man, one 
called the " Hadley " farm of about fi2 acres, the 
other the "Homestead" of about 182 acres, or to- 
gether 244 acres. This was all the land in the imme- 
diate neighbourhood of the mouth of the river on its 
west side and the village upon which the latter could 
grow. The company built a large dam and factory. 
But after a moderate success for a few years it ended 
in failure, and from that time till 1870 it was followed 
by a long succession of unsuccessful enterprises of a 
manufacturing character each in turn succumbing to 
failure, or forced sale. The consojuence was that the 
title to the property became so involve<l, embarrassed, 
and confused, that faith was lost in it. The land be- 
came unsaleable, and it remained practically dead to 
the great detriment of the village in every respect. 

> Cb, IT UWB of IHll. 

About 1870 began a change, and now it is understood 
that the clouds are entirely dispersed. As soon as this 
was found to be really the ease, village improvement 
bc'iin at once, and is now going on with increasing 
r: lity. 

. imaroaeck was without a newspaper until four 
years ago, its local wants being supplied by the 
neighbouring Journals of Rye and Portchester. In 
May 1882, The Mamaroneck Register was established 
by William E. Peters, met with very fair success and 
is still in existence under him as Editor and Propri- 
etor. It is a four page paper, of six columns to a 
page, and is issued every Wednesday. It pursues an 
independent course in politics. Several years prior 
to 1882 an attempt was made to publish a paper 
called the JnvesHtjator by George M. Forbes. 
But it met with no success, and after a brief exist- 
ence, was given up. 

About 1856 an attempt to run a steamer called the 
Island City, between Mamaroneck and New York was 
made, stopping at New Rochelle and City Island, and 
carrying both passengers and freight. The leading 
man in the enterprise was the late John Griffin. Her 
landing place was at the foot of Bleecker now 
Union Avenue in De Lancey's Neck, Bishop de Lan- 
cey who owned the spot having at the request of Mr. 
Griffin and the other gentlemen obtained a grant per- 
mitting the building of a Dock below low water mark 
at that point, and leased them the privilege at a nominal 
rent. The enterprise failed, was subsequently re- 
newed by Wm. Taylor with a landing on Harbor 
Island, but that also failed. The "Mary E. Gordon." 
freight boat only, was built by Capt. Gedney, the old 
sloop owner in 1880, and makes trips three times a 
week. Her owners arc Captain Joseph H. Gedney and 
sons. She is the first boat that has brought freight 
regularly to the present dock, and is the modern suc- 
cessor of a very long line of " Mamaroneck Sloops." 
Famous vessels in their day were those Mamaroneck 
sloops, and their day was a very long one. 

Some of them were very fast, and there was a fierce 
rivalry between the old sloop captains of all the 
ports on the sound as far as New London. They 
carried passengers regularly as well as freight, and 
great was the excitement, and often high the betting, 
when a new and fust vessel made her first appearance 
from any of the little ports on the "East River." 

The necessity of having a fire department was 
forced upon the attention of the inhabitants of Mam- 
aroneck by a conflagration which took place in the 
business part of the villugc on Junuary 1st, 1884. 
Soon after a Hook and Ladder Company was formed, 
known as Union Hook and Ladder Company, No. 1, of 
Mamaroneck and Rye Neck. Joseph H. McLough- 
lin, a very active man and the leading plumber of 
the town, was elected foreman of the company, An- 
drew Coles, assistant foreman, Lewis R. Bramm, 
Treasurer, and Charles F. Seaman, Secretary. The 
aiqiaratus wtis purchased by public subscription, aud 


is lodged in the basement of the town hall. The 
number of members in 188*5 was 2-"). 

On January 4, 1881, application was made to the 
autiiorities of the town of jVIamaroncck by Henry M. 
Flagler, Jabez A. Uostwick, Ambrose M. McGregor, 
James M. Conntable, Thomas L. Rushmore, William 
G. Read, David Dudley Field, David F. Britt, Joseph 
Hoti'man, M.D., ISamuel W. Johnson, Edward F. De 
Laneey, Charles J. Osborne, William T. Cornell and 
Leonard Jacob for authority to form and organize 
the Mamaroneck Water Company and lay pipes 
through the town streets. The application was 
granted, the company was formed and soon after 
began the construction of a water works, and in the 
spring of 188o water was introduced through their 
pipes into houses in the village. The company has 
a capital of $25,000. The source from which the 
water sup|)ly is taken is the Mamaroneck River. 
The site of the old saw mill originally erected by 
Colonel Ileathcote before referred to, was bought, the 
dam rebuilt in an enlarged form forming a large 
pond, the waters of which are pumped up into a 
reservoir on adjacent high ground, about 117 feet 
above high water mark of the sound. This head is 
sufticient for all general purjmses. The officers of 
the company are, President, James M. Constable; 
Treasurer, J. A. Bostwick; Secretary, William T. 

There are two School Districts in Mamaroneck, 
Nos. Olio and Two, well attended and in a good state 
of efficiency. But they sulfer as does the whole 
school system of the State of New York, from being 
one of the foot balls of politics, and like all others 
throughout the State are therefore liable to evil in- 
fluences. An instance of how oppressive and unjust 
the School system as now administered is, upon the 
owners of the real estate of the Commonwealth, is 
furnished now by our County of Westchester. The 
writer is informed that the amount apportioned to 
this County this year, 188(), from the Common School 
Fund is $i')6,000 while the amount assessed upon and 
collected from its real estate last year for that fund 
was $75,000. No renmrks are necessary, the fact 
speaks for itself. 

The Town possesses a Town Hall, a large frame 
edifice on High Street : ear Mount Pleasant Street, 
which was bought and altered for its present pur- 
pose, from the former JMethodist Society of Mamaro- 
neck a few years ago, when that society removed to 
Rye Neck. It contains a Urgo Public Hall on the 
main floor, with public offices, a lock-uj), and a 
house tire ap])aratus beneath it. There is also in it 
the Library of the Athenreum Society, and the Safes 
and Cases of the Town Records in charge of the 
Town Clerk. 

Mamaroneck is a post town and one of the oldest 

in the State, dating as such from the last century. 

The present postmaster is William A. Boyd, who has 

held the office and administered for very many years 


past to the general satisfaction of the entire commu- 
nity. The salary now is $1100 per annum. 

The New Haven Rail Road runs through the town, 
but so far north of the village, the harbor and the 
Necks on each side of it and the Sound, that neither 
can be seen from the station. The daily trains are 
numerous and convenient. It is now understood 
that a new Rail Road will be built in a very short 
time, which will run near the water and across the 
upper edge of the harbor, and enter the City of New 
York over the new Bridge across the Harlem river 
at Second avenue. 

The churches of Mamaroneck are two only, the 
Episcopal church of St. Thomas, and the Society of 
Friends. The meeting house of the latter, however, 
is a few feet across the line of Mamaroneck in the 
adjoining town of Scarsdale, having been thrown 
into that town by the town line as fixed by the Act 
of 1788. The Society itself is it is believed the sec- 
ond oldest meeting in the County of Westchester, 
the first being that at the town of Westchester which 
was organized in 1(585. The Friends came to West- 
chester, both the town and the County, from Long 
Island, those who came to the neighborhood of Mam- 
aroneck, chiefly from Flushing and the country imme- 
diately about it. The meeting at Mamaroneck was 
organized in 1686 and was held at a private house.' 
This house the writer believes was that of Samuel 
Palmer, afterwards the "Old House" of Peter Jay 
Muuro, before referred to and its position described. 
They increased so much, that in 1704 an ajiplication 
was made to the Court of General Sessions, Colonel 
Caleb Heathcote presiding, that Samuel Palmer's 
house at Mamaroneck be recorded as an authorized 
place for Quaker worship under the Act of William 
and Mary. The order was granted and a copy signed 
by Colonel Heathcote delivered to Samuel Palmer. 
In 1728 the meeting was made a " Preparative Meet- 
ing for Business," that is, for the administration of 
discipline, &c. On the opposite side of the Westches- 
ter Path, and west of Samuel Palmer's house, and at 
the top of the rising ground ascended by the Path or 
road was laid out, and still is, the old burying ground 
of the Palmers, and adjoining it was another plot 
larger, and still existing and still called the Quaker 
Burying-Ground. The Boston Road to-uay at that 
point is still the old Westchester Path. Both plots 
were directly opposite the entrance to Mr. Peter Jay 
Munro's rounds within which, in 1819, he erected 
his splendid Country House, now the Hotel at Larch- 
mont, termed the "Manor House." In the centre of 
the last mentioned plot, some little distance back 
from the road, was built, probably the first Quaker 
Meeting House in Mamaroneck. The exact year ia 
uncertain but was probably 1739,' in which year Mr. 

' MS. Icftor of .lanieii Wood, tho prwont I'rMldont of the Wostchwrter 
lUstorionl Soeli'ty, who hiis iniirto exhiiustiTe rwieikrchua into tho history 
of the Friends in Westchoflter County, 

' Letter of Junies Wood. 



Wood says a meeting house wiia built there, but he 
does not know whctli' rit was the first. Mr. William 
H. Carpenter of the present meeting who at the 
writer's request made investigations of this point 
says it was "in 173;') or thereabout." ' On that sjiot 
stood the house, and there the Meeting was held, till 
17(58. On the Gth of the 2d month,— February — in 
that year the quarterly meeting at the Purchase 
directed five Friends to "review" "the place near the 
centre of said meeting " to which it wiw proposed to 
move the Meeting House at Mamaroneck, there being 
some dissatisfaction. 

At the quarterly meeting held at the " oblong " on 
the 30th of the succeeding 4th month, April, 17<i8, 
the committee made the following interesting report: 

"The friends that were appointed a Committee to 
take a review of the place to set the meeting house 
on made report that they had met the friend'i belong- 
ing to Mamaroneck weekly meeting and taken a re- 
view of the places proposed to set the meeting house 
on for Mamaroneck weekly meeting & are of opinion 
that a piece of land of Benjamin Palmei's near & ad- 
joining Cornells land is the most suitable place for 
that purpose as being near the centre of said weekly 
meeting & as Benjamin Palmer offered to give half an 
acre of land to our Society for that use & purpose & 
John Cornel half an acre adjoining to it for the same 
use & also each of them to sell half an acre for three 
pounds ten shillings apiece therefore this meeting 
approves of having a meeting house set up & erected 
on said land of Benjamin Palmer, & appoints Edward 
Burling & Joseph GriH'en to take deeds of Benjamin 
Palmer & John Cornel for said land, & John Cornel 
Edward Burling and .Joseph Grifl'en & lienjamin 
Cornel, or the majority of them are appointed a Com- 
mittee to sell the meeting house at Mamaroneck with 
the ground it stands on & the land to the westward 
of the house adjoining the road the width of the house 
& give a deed for the same or remove the house to & 
on the land of Benjamin Palmer aforesaid — if that 
house should be sold the new house to be near the 
dimensions of the old meeting house, & to be one 
story high with a chimney to it, & report to be made 
by said Committee to next Quarterly Meeting, & said 
Committee or some of them are to get a subscription 
made by the weekly meeting of Mauiaroneck & bring 
to next Quarterly Meeting." 

The old meeting house was not sold but was taken 
down and apart and removed to the new location, on the 
beautiful and commanding hill where it stands to-day. 
The old plot was not sold but kept as a burying 
ground. Another plot beside it on the west was sold 
and is now within the place of Mr. Meyers. This 
was the lot long known as the Locust lot from its 
being covered for many years with those trees. At 
the succeeding meeting in October, Edward Burling 
reported for the Committee " that the Meeting House 

1 Iietter of Ur. Carpenter. 

was removed from Mamaroneck and set on said land 
of Benjamin Palmer, and that the expense of removing 
the house and setting it u]), and completing it will 
amount to about eighty pounds, including the seven 
pounds for one acre of land bought of Benjamin 
Palmer and John Cornell, and that a subscription 
was made by friends belonging to the weekly meeting 
of Mamaroneck amounting to Twenty-eight Pounds 
towards the expense of the said house beside the land 
given ; and requested the quarterly meeting to ask for 
and from each monthly meeting towards paying the 
debt. At the succeeding November meeting at Pur- 
chase, six pounds, 13 shillings were reported from the 
Weekly meeting at Westchester " and paid in," and 
there was also "paid in" a subscription "from Os- 
wego particular meeting " of seventeen shillings and 
sixpence, and delivered to Edward Burling jr. It is 
most surprising that in 17()8, a gift from Oswego then 
a mere frontier Indian trading stati(ui should have 
been sent down to the Friends at Mamaroneck I By 
the 6th of 5th month, June 1769, Benedict Carpenter 
reported that the debt had been reduced to £18, 10, 05. 
In due time that was paid off, and the new Meeting 
house — if it may be called so — was entirely paid for. 
From that time to the present the meeting has con- 
tinued. It felt the change growing out of the move- 
ment of Elias Hicks upwards of sixty years since. 
The two parties quietly separated and another meeting 
was formed which erected another small Meeting 
House in the same grounds with the old one, where 
worship is also maintained- 

"In 1883 the meeting house being in an almost hope- 
lessly dilapidated condition a movement was success- 
fully inaugurated to restore it, retaining however the 
frame of the venerated structure, which resulted in 
the , resent exceedingly comfortable and neat house 
of worship. During the greater portion of its exist- 
ence the meeting has been large and influential, 
many of it« members have been noted for their prom- 
inence in business and social circles and always for 
their integrity and stability. During very many 
years latterly there has been no acknowledged min- 
ister in connection with the meeting, yet it has con- 
tinued without it, and from present appearances al- 
though its members are not numerous yet it bids fair 
to hold its own for many years to come a continuing 
testimony to spiritual worship without priest or choir. 
It may be of interest to name a few of its adherents 
now living, viz. Jonathan Carpenter, William Bur- 
ling, David F. Britt, Samuel J. Barnes, Thos. K. 
Morrell, Noah Tompkins, John D. Schureman, James 
Griffen, George Millets and William H. Carpenter 
who with their families are earnest in the support of 
the ancient society they are proud to be connected 

From 1693 to 1784 Mamaroneck was one of the Pre- 

» Letter of William H. Carpenter to whom and Mr. Berling I am In- 
debted fur copies of tUe Uociunents lued and cited in tbe above alietch. 



cinctH of the Parish of Rye, one of the two territorial 
parishes erected in Westchester Coiinty in the former 
year under the Act establishing parishes of the Chiircli 
of England within the Counties of New York and 
Westchester passed March 24, 1()93,' an act which with 
several amendments made in later years continued in 
force till repealed by the Legislature of the State in 
the year 1784, just about a hundred years. The Estab- 
lishment of the Church of England within the Prov- 
ince of New York and its Parochial organization in 
Westchester County will be found fully described in 
Parts 10, and 11, of the chapter on Manors in this vol- 
ume." The Inhabitants of the Parish of Rye elected 
Church wardens and Vestrymen, and paid the charges 
authorized by law during this whole period. Their 
duties besides those of seeing to the proper religious 
Services in the parish churches, were also those in re- 
lation to assessments, taking care of the poor, and 
other duties now performed by town officials. During 
his residence here Colonel Heathcote was usually 
chosen a vestryman and often a Warden. The first 
election under the act of 1693 we know was held pur- 
suant to the summons of Justice Theall under the law 
at Rye on the 28th February l(»94-5. John Lane 
and John Brondig (Brundige) were elected church 
Wardens, and Jonathan Hurt Joseph Horton 
Joseph Purdy, Timothy Knapp, Hachaliah Brown, 
Thomas Merritt, Deliverance Brown, and Isaac Den- 
ham, vestrymen." In 1702 is the record of another 
election, when on the 12"' of January at a lawful 
town meeting in the Precinct of Rye Colonel Caleb 
Heathcote and the Justice Theall (who summoned 
the meeting of the Inhabitants for the election of 
1695) were elected Church Wardens, and Justice 
Purdy, Justice Mott, Capt. Horton, Deliverance 
Brown, Hachaliah Brown, George Lane, Sen., 
Thomas Purdy, Thomas Disbrow, Isaac Denhara, 
and Samuel Lane, were elected vestrymen for the 
ensuing year. * 

These elections will be found mentioned in Baird's 
History of Rye, chapter 24th, from which I have taken 
the particulars not having had the time to examine the 
Rye Records personally as was intended.' The very able 
and Reverend Author of that very valuable work was 
evidently unaware of the legal nature of the origin of 
the establishment of the church of England in West- 
chester County, and has given an eroneous view of it 
in that chapter, as will be seen by comparing it with 
that which will be found in the chapter on Manors in 
this work. A view based on tne mistaken idea that 
it was the Act of 1693 which established the church 

1 II. Bradfurd's Lawa, 19. 

< Ante pp. B8 to 1U8 Inclusive. 

» Town Rdconis of Rye. 

«Town Recordi of Kye. 

'In 1704, MadHHie Knight, in ber Journul before referred tu, iiayii in 
apealcingof the towns of Mamaroneclc, Bye, and Horseneclc (Qreenwich) 
" that one church of England parson officiated in all these three towns 
once ever)' Sunday throughout the year." 

of England within New York, whereas it was estab- 
lished by the royal authority many years before. New 
York being a conquered Province. And being the 
only British American province so conquered from 
another nation by the English Crown, it was there- 
fore the only one in America in which that Crown, by 
the law of England, had the power and right to es- 
tablish the church of England. In 172.') Mamaroneck 
paid towards the tax to support the Rector of Rye 
under the act of 1693, £18. Later, in 1767, the 
amount then, was £19, 2, 6. These sums were the 
annual ones for those years. The amounts were an- 
nually fixed by board of Justices under the law. 

So strong was the connection of Mamaroneck 
with Rye as a part of that Parish, in fact and in feel- 
ing, that it continued practically down to the founding 
of St. Thomas' Church, Mamaroneck. All Mamar- 
oneck people of the Episcopal Church attended at 
Rye church, and were married and buried, and their 
children baptized, by the Rectors of Rye, A very few 
went to the New Rochelle church but the large ma- 
jority went to Rye. It was simply an example of the 
power of faith and habit which descended to them 
from their ancestors. 

While a youth in Yale College the late Rt. Rev. 
William Heathcote de Lancey first begun holding 
Episcopal services in Mamaroneck while on his 
visits to his home at Heathcote Hill. He entered 
college in 1813 and graduated in 1817, and these ser- 
vices began in 1814. He met with better success 
than he anticipated. His Father John Peter De 
Lancey took great interest in the matter, as did his 
friend and neighbor Mr. Peter J. Munro, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Peter Jay, the blind Mr. Jay, of Rye. 
Finally young Mr. de Lancey was so successful that 
on April 12th, 1814, under the auspices of his Father 
and Mr. Peter J. Munro a parish was organized under 
the old act of 17th March, 1795, to which was given the 
name of St. Thomas. Mr. John Peter de Lancey 
and Mr. Peter Jay Munro Church Wardens, and 
Capt. William Gray, Benjamin Hadden, Henry Ged- 
ney, Samuel Deal, Abraham Guion, and Matthias G. 
Valentine Vestrymen " at the first election held on 
Tuesday in Easter week of that year. The Rev. Mr. 
Haskell Rector of Rye and several of the clergy of 
the neighbouring parishes took charge of the services, 
which were held in the present Town Hall, then a 
Methodist Church just built, by the courtesy of that 
Society which hud just previously been organized. 
They were continued with much though not perfect 
regularity. In 1813 the Legislature passed a new 
" Act relating to Religious Societies " which changed 
and made more favorable the method of organizing 
Episcopal Churches. The parish continued however 
under the original organization of 1814, till 1817, 
when by the advice of Mr. Munro, a new organization 

•Certificate recorded in Lib. A. of Rellgiuu Societies in West. Go. 
Reg^r. office p. 50. 



was effected under the later law, in order that some 
of its benctitri miglit be availed of. 

The first meeting with this object was held 5 April 
1817 and the new incorporation was effected June 
9th 1817. The Pariah was admitted to union with 
the Convention on the 1st of October 1817, Dr. 
Guy Carlcton Bayley being its first delegate. The 
next year 1818 Mr. William H. de Lancey then pur- 
suing his studies in Theology with Bishop Hobart 
was the lay delegate. The Church Wardens were the 
same, John Peter de Lancey and Peter Jay Munro. 
The vestrymen under the new organisation were 
Henry Qedney, Benjamin Hadden, Jacob Mott, 
Thomas J. de Lancey, Benjamin Crooker, Ouy 0. 
Bayley, Monmouth Lyon, Kdward F. de Lancey. 
The Rev. Mr. Haskell, who was Mr. John P. de Lan- 
cey's Rector at Rye, and under his influence long 
afforded a nursing hand to the infant parish, often 
giving it services both on Sundays and week days. 
Mr. de Lancey kept up his connection with, and pew 
in Rye Church to the time of his death in 1828, and 


he also had a pew in the church at New Rochelle by 
way of aiding that parish then needing all the help 
it coul 1 g t. 

No ckigjiiian was regularly called at first. After 
Mr. William H. de Lancey was ordained Deacon in 
1820 he served temporarily for a few months in Grace 
church, New York, and subsequently in Trinity 
church, N. Y. In the spring of 1821, when the 
latter temporary engagement ended he returned to 
his father's House at Mamaroneck, until Bishop Ho- 
bart could give him a permanent parish. While at 
Mamaroneck he was called to .St. Thomas's, accepted, 
and served gratuitouHly, till 1822 when through Bishop 
Hobart's recommendation he was invited by Bishop 
White of Pennsylvania, to become his personal 
assistant in the "three United churches" of Christ 
church, St. Peter's, and St James's in Philadelphia of 
which he was also Rector. This invitation Mr. de 
Lancey accepted, and in April 1822 took up his resi- 
dence in that city. He thus became from June 1821 

to April 1822, Hl""it ten months, the first clergyman 
regularly in chargi of St. Thomas's, Mamaroneck. 

In 1823 a frame church with pointed windows and 
a low tower was erected, and consecrated on the 17th 
of June in that year by the Rt. Rev. John Henry Ho- 
bart, then the Bishop of New York. The expense 
was mainly borne by Mr. John Peter de Lancey, Mr. 
Peter Jay Munro, and Mr. Purdy the father of the 
present Mr. Samuel O. Purdy, of Harrison. The 
clergy present were the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard and the 
Rev. Lawson Carter, both warm friends, and the former 
a relative of Mr. de Lancey and the wife of Mr. 
Munro. A cut of it is given which shows the edifice 
as it wa-s originally. It was enlarged some years later, 
in 1835 by a chancel, and again in 1857 — at the chan- 
cel end by an addition containing another window on 
each side, and so remained until removed, and subse- 
quently torn down, on the erection of the i)re8ent 
striking and exceedingly handsome stone church, 
built at their sole expense and presented to the 
church corporation, by Mr. James M. Constable and 
his children as a memorial of his wife and their 
mother the late Mrs. Henrietta Constable, who de- 
parted this life February 11"', 1884. The Corner- 
stone was laid December 4th, 1884, by the Rt. Rev. 
Henry C. Potter, Assistant Bishop of New York, and 
the church was consecrated by the same Prelate 
June 10th, 188C, the Rev. Dr. Swope of Trinity Par- 
ish, New York, preaching the sermon. The new 
church, of which an engraving is given from a draw- 
ing expressly made for the purpose by Mr. Bnssett 
Jones its masterly Architect, is a beautiful building, 
chaste, simple, dignified, and very effective. It is a 
perfect specimen of an old English Parish Church. 
The style is the Early English (iothic, with the mas- 
si veness often found in the churches of that period. 
It is built of Belleville brown stone, rusticated, and 
consists of chancel, nave, tower, and two porches. 
The entire length is 127 feet, that of the nave alone 
70 feet, the chancel, a square one, is 25 deep by 19 
feet wide, and the height of the tower is 87 feet. It 
has a high open timbered roof in the rich yellow pine 
of the Southern states. The altar and reredos are 
of Caen stone richly sculptured, the latter .showing 
an exquisitely executed bas-relief of the Last Sup- 
per of Leonardo da Vinci. The pulpit is also of 
Caen stone carved, surmounted by a wide polished 
brass panelled rail of antique design. The windows 
are of English stained glass all showing figure subjects 
finely executed. The font, after a special and beau- 
tiful design of the architect, is of the deeply rich 
tinted Derbyshire Spar, recently discovered in larger 
masses than ever before known, not far from the City 
of Chesterfield in Derbyshire in England, all highly 
polished inside and outside. The pews in num- 
ber 80 afford 350 sittings'and are of oak. The Tower 
contains a very musical sweet toned chime of 10 
bells, and a clock which strikes the quarters and half 
hours, as well as the hours. 


In the same enclosure with the church, and a short 
distance from it stand the Rectory and parish build- 
ings in the same style of architecture but built of 
brick with brown stone cawings, and slate roofs. They 
are happily of irregular shape and combined so under 
a series of varying angles and roofs, that they present 
to the eye but a single very picturesque edifice. 
The whole together, though the general effect is im- 
paired by being in the business and not very attrac- 
tive partof the village, an evil that has been partially 
remedied by the liberal purchase and removal of ad- 
joining buildings, and throwing their area into fair 
gardens, form one of the most thorough, complete, 
beautiful and churchly group of Parish edifices, with 
appropriate surroundings in this county, and are a 
noble monument to the Wife and Mother in whose 
memory they have been erected. 


At Larchmont a handsome frame chapel was erect- 
ed four years ago by the Trustees of the Larchmont 
Land Company for general services. Afterward it 
was organized as a chapel of ease of St. Thomas's 
Church Mamaroneck under the ministration and 
direction as to its services of the Rector of that 
church for the time being. It and the Sunday school 
attached to it is only open during the summer season. 
Usually an arrangement is made with the assent 
of the Rector of St. Thomas with some clergyman 
temporarily for the services at the chapel during the 
season. The Trustees in 1886 are Marcus P. Wood- 
ruiT and David Jardine. 

A Methodist Society was organized and a frame 
church built in Mamaroneck, on High Street in 1813. 
It there continued with a small congregation till 
about the year 1850, when it was removed to Rye 
Neck and a large and handsome frame church edifice 
was there erected about a third of a mile from the 
Mamaroneck River Bridge and nearly at the junction 
of the old Westchester Path with the road running 
east from that Bridge, ar account of which falls ap- 

propriately in the chapter on Rye. The late Mr. 
.Tames M. Fuller organized a Methodist Sunday- 
school and ert'ct«Ml 11 building for its use in 1878 on 
Weaver street mainly at liis own expense, which he 
superintended himself until his lamented death in 
June 188.'), when Mr. William H. Stiles succeeded 
him assisted by Mr. Hriullbrd RliodoH. The object 
is to afford Sunday-school instruction to children in 
the neighbourhood, which is distant from the villages 
of Mamaroneck and Rye Neck. All the gentlemen 
connected with it are Methodists but it is under- 
stood that it is not conducted under the auspices of 
any denomination in particular. 

The Incidents of the Revolution which occurred in 
Mamaroneck are not ninny. Its inhabitants as well 
as the great majority of the Peopleof the County were 
a perfectly satisfied, quiet, community, satisfied with 
their surrounding, and their lot. They had a market 
within a day's journey or a day's sail for all that they 
could raise beyond their own wants. Their taxes were 
light and they managed their local concerns for them- 
selves under the easy laws of the Province. They 
felt no pressure of any kind or from any quarter. 
Kven in the politics of the day there was no high 
party feeling, still loss any undue excitements. They 
were a happy, contented people perfectly satisfied to 
be let alone. 

When the movements of politicians of New York 
and other places against the English Ministry began, 
which resulted, contrary to the wishes of those who 
first started these movements, in the Declaration of 
Independence, the i)eople of Westchester as a mass 
were not in favor of them. Neither were some of those 
whogaveafinal assent to them. Hence it was that not- 
withstanding that Westchester eventually became the 
Neutral Ground, the people who dwelt in it were more 
in favor of the old state of things than in the proposed 
new one. It was natural. It is so in all countries 
under all systems. Those who excite revolutionary 
movements to overthrow old governments, are always 
a minority, and usually a very great minority, of the 
inhabitants of the Country the institutions of which 
are changed by violence or war. Hence it was that 
in 1774 the people of Mamaroneck opposed the 
action of the Committee of Correspondence, set forth 
in their circular of 29 July 1774 as also did those of 
Rye. ' 

When it was known that Gage's Army in Boston 
was getting short of provisions late in 1775, a sort of 
killing bee was held at William Sutton's house at de 
Lancey's Neck, the neighboring farmers drove cattle 
there and a certain day killed and dressed, and after- 
ward salted down and barrelled as soon as it coulJ be 
done, beeves enough to load a sloop as a contribution 
to the besieged troops at Boston. She was loaded at 
Indian point, near the present home of Mr. James J. 
Burnet, and sent off on her voyage, Butshe never got 

iSee PruceediugH of Maiuaruueck, Ac, iu 1. Forctj'o Archives. 



to Boston. Through some carck-wiiioiiH in runninfr 
out with u amiirt breeze, xho run it little too near the 
end of a reof in rounding the Scotch Ctipa, struck h 
pointed rock, and wink beyond it with all nn board. 
The crew was saved hut the beef in the hold was all 
loat. It u not related that any second attempt was ever 

The most important Revolutionary incident, v/aa 
the night buttle on Heuthcote Hill und the high 
ridge above it, between the Delaware Regiment, und 
parts of First and Third Virginia Regiments of Wash- 
ington's army, under Colonel Haslet and Major 
Green, and Roberts's Rangers of Howe's Army under 
Major Rogers, resulting in the repulse of the former 
with severe loss to the latter who retained their posi- 
tion. On October 2l8t, 1776, Rogers's Cor}>8 of about 
400 or 450 men which formed the extreme end of the 
right wing of Howe's Army, then moving up from 
Pelhum Neck, reached Mamaroneck and encamped 
upon the high flat of Heathcote Hill, under the lee 
of the ridge above it for protection from the North- 
west winds, which at that season had grown cold. 
No enemy was beyond them and this position was 
therefore chosen. Rogers himself nmde his head- 
quarters in a small house which then stood directly 
on the north side of the old Westchester Path or 
road, right opposite the gate of the lane which ran 
down de Lancey's Neck to Sutton's House, which 
stood within the present Miller premises now owned 
by Mr. J. A. Bostwick. On the 22d of October Wash- 
ington rode up to White Plains in advance of his 
army, who had then reached Valentine's Hill. Learn- 
ing there of Rogers's advance and position, he at once 
sent orders to Colonel Haslet to take his Delaware 
regiment of 600 strong, and 150 men of the First and 
Third Virginia under Major Green, and surprise and 
cut him oft'.' The Virginians were to lead the attack 
and the Delaware troops to support them. Rogers 
had been a scout of Sir William Johnson's with Israel 
Putnam, in the French War, was a man of fair edu- 
cation, not much principle, but extremely bold, cour- 
ageous, and wary. Knowing the American Army was 
below his position and to the southwest of it, he ex- 
tended his pickets more than a third of a mile the 
second night beyond where they wers on the first night 
and doubled their numbers, cad then went to his own 
headquarters. Haslctt marched all night and reached 
the neighborhood before day. His guides not aware 
of the change in Rogers's pickets led the Virginians 
directly upon them in the dark, which threw them 
into confusion. At once all hopes of a surprise van- 
ished. The uproar roused Rogers's camp, the men 
rushed to the top of the ridge overlooking it and be- 
fore they could form, their own pickets and the Vir- 
ginians mixed together came rushing in upon them. 
It was pitch dark, and the fighting went on in the 
utmost '>nfusion, the Delawareans, Virginians and 

in. Force, Fifth S«riea, a76. 

Hungers being all mixed together each man fighting 
for himself Right in the midst of it rushed Roger*. 
Roused by the noise, he flew up to the fight not know- 
ing how it was going, but roaring out with presence 
of mind, in stentorian tones, "They are running," 
" they are running," " give it to 'em boys, damn 'em, 
give it to 'em." Reassured by his voice ami words 
the Rangers, actually on the jioint of fleeing, rallied, 
red(mbled their efforts, and the American forces fell 
buck taking many prisoners with them, and the 
Rangers remained in possession of the ground. The 
surprise was a failure, the action really a drawn one 
though the Rangers retained the field, Rogers's wari- 
ness und presence of mind being all that saved them 
from defeat and capture. Such is the account that 
has come down from men living in Mamaroneck at 
the time. Col. Tench Tilghman, Washington's aid, 
writing the afternoon after the fight to Wm. Duer 
Huys " They uttucked Rogers ut daybreak, put the 
party to flight, brought in thirty-six prisoners, sixty 
arms, and a good many blankets ; and had not the 
guides undertook to alter the first disposition. Major 
Rogers, and his party of about 400, would in all prob- 
ability have f'ttllen into our hands. We don't know 
bow many we killed, but an ofHcer says he counted 
twenty-five in one orchard. We had twelve wounded, 
among them Mujor Green und Captain Pope."" The 
fact is the number killed on each side ia not certainly 
known. All of both sides were buried just over the 
top of the ridge almost directly north of the Heath- 
cote Hill house, in the angle formed by the present 
fnrm lane und the east fence of the field next to the 
ridge. There their graves lie together friend and foe 
but all Americans.' The late Stephen Hall, (father of 
the late Abram, Isaac, and Thomas, Hall) a boy of 17 
or 18 at the time, said that they were buried the morn- 
ing after the fight and that he saw nine laid in one 
large grave.* Such was the skirmish on Heathcote Hill, 
the only " engagement " about Mamaroneck during 
the Revolutionary War. There was another on the 
back part of the Manor of Scarsdale at the Fox Mead- 
ows, immediately before the battle of White plains, 
but that does not fairly belong to this chapter. 

The writer, knowing that Mamaroneck did her full 
duty in the late civil war, tried some years ago to get 
at Albany the returns of enlistments and names of 
the men, but failed, 'le supervisor never having filed 

The following is an account of the descendants of 
.John Richbell, who left only daughters, and of the 
Mott family of whom one of them was the ancestress. 
The writer is indebted for it to Mr|. Thomas C. Cor- 
nell, of Yonkers : 

John Richbell, the first patentee of Mamaroneck 

2 III. Force, Fifth Series 67, 6. 

^ My father told me when he waa a buy their green grares were diH- 
tinctly viaihie. 
* Abraham Hall told the writer this fact many yean ago. 


leaving no sons, hii name hii not been perprtuuted 
in hiH children, liut HOinc of the duMcendunU of hix 
dauf^hter have been well known in Miimitroncck, and 
in WeHtchcBtiT County, and in the State and Nation, 
and Hhould he mentioned here. John and Ann Rich- 
hell left three daughtent. t". Eli/.aheth, the eldeHt 
who became thcHucond wife of Adam Mott cif Heni|>- 
Htead, about the time that her father removed from | 
Oysterbay, — where he had been Adam Mott'it nciKb- 
bour, — to make hiH ftnal settlement at Maniaroneck. 
— 2* Mary, who in 1()70 married Captain Jainex 
Mott, second Hon of Adam Mott of llemiMtead by liiit 
firHt wife Jane Hulett. Captain James Molt wawlon^ 
prominent in Mamaroneek, was .Fuutice of the I'eaee 
and Hupervisor, and left two children .lames and Mary. 
-3''. The youngestdaughterof John Uichbell, named 
Anne after her mother, married John Knierson of 
White River, Talbot County, Maryland. 

Elizabeth (Richbell) Mott, gave to her eldest son 
her father's name and called him Richbell Mott and 
his grandmother Ann Richbell i ide him one of her 
executors and three of the grand ins of this Richbell 
Mott bore the same name. Richbell Mott was a man 
of Character and Substance, and in 10. M5 married 
Elizabeth Thorne. He possessetl considerable land in 
Hempstead and made his home on Mad Nan's Neck 
(Little Neck). His grandson Richbell Mott son of his 
eldest son Edmond, — born in Hempstead in I7i'8 mar- 
ried in 1749 Deborah Doughty, and died in 1758 leav- 
ing two daughters Margaret and Phebe. This Mar- 
garet Mott married in 1772 the Hon. .Melancthon 
Smith of New York one of the most prominent men 
of the State during and after the Revolution in the 
policy opposed to that of Alexander Hamilton. Rich- 
bell Mott Smith, one of the sons of Hon. Melancthon 
and Margaret (Mott) Smith died on the coast of Ja- 
pan in 1800. Another son was Colonel Melancthon 
Smith, the father of Admiral Melancthon Smith U. 
8. N. on the retired list who distinguished himself 
so highly during the late Civil war e8])ecially at the 
capture of New Orleans, and who is now living in 
an honored old age, at South Oysterbay L. I. 

Dr. Valentine Mott, the celebrated Surgeon of New 
York was descended from Elizabeth (Richbell) Mott's 
younger son William Mott of Great Neck, — L. I. 

James Mott of Premium Point, long a well known 
resident of the Mamaroneck of a hundred years ago, 
was the only child of the first Richbell Mott's young- 
est son Richard, and Sarah (Pearsall) Mott, and was 
born in Hempstead at " the Head of the Harbor '' — 
nowRoslyn in 1742. He married in 17t)5 his second 
cousin Mary Underbill, dau iter of Samuel and Ann 
(Carpenter) Underbill of Oysterbay. Samuel Under- 
bill a cousin of the Underbills of Westchester Coun- 
ty, was a great grandson of the celebrated Capt. John 
Underbill who died in Oysterbay in 1671, and Ann 
Carpenter's mother Mary Willet, wife of Joseph Car- 
penter of Glencove was a grand daughter on her fath- 
er's side of Capt. Thomas Willet the first English 

.Mayor of New York, and on her mother'a aide of Wm. 
Coildington the first (loveriior of RhtKle Island. The 
I'nderhillH and the Coddingtoiis and the Willet* and 
the Motts ha<l become Quakers. James Mott, atler a 
few year* iw a successful merchant in New York re- 
tired Just before the Revolution, with a moderate com- 
|>etence, at the early age of thirty-three and settled in 
.Mamaroneck, on the " West Neck " of his (irandfatb- 
er's grandfather, John Riehbcll, on the peninsula 
nearly in front of the Village of New Rochelle. Hia 
wife was then in failing health and he sought a quiet 
home, remote from the threatenings of war which per- 
vaded the City. Hut the war soon came, and in place 
of t|uiet, he found himself with wife and children be- 
tween the lines of hostile armies and exposed to dep- 
redations from outlaws on both sides. }Iis wife died 
early in the Revolution. 

The ancient handsome two story farm house, occu- 
pied by .Tames Mott, with its double-pitched roof, 
still stands in good repair, fronting to the South, 
on its own private latie, half a mile eaatof the lioston 
road, surnmndcd by trees and with its own farm 
buildings and cultivated fields, and in recent yeara 
has been occui)ied by the Pryor family. But the an- 
cient tide Mill which stood near the house on the 
land locked bay which made the Mill Pond, and whieb 
.lames Mott continued to operate after the Revolu- 
tion, was replaced about the end of the last centuvy 
by a large new Mill, and a new <lani about hal'.' a 
mile lower down the bay near itM mouth. — Jamea 
Mott's three sons Richard Robert and Samuel had 
grown to manhood, and they fitted up the new Mill 
with twelve runs of Mill Stones, and all the improve- 
ments then known and gave it the name of the Pre- 
mium Mill, and it was operated with much success 
and exported Hour to Europe while England and 
France were at war, with large profit. S<x)n after the 
Premium Mill was built Richard Mott, the eldest son 
withdrew from the milling business, and commenced 
cotton spinning in a small Mill still standing disman- 
tled, near his pleasant dwelling house, to which he 
gave the name of Hickory Grove, a little west of 
where the N. Y. and N. H. Rail Road now runs 
near Mamaroneck, — and " Mott's Spool Cotton," bad 
a good reputation for many years. Richard Mott 
became a Quaker Minister of considerable reputation. 
He was a man of fine presence and a graceful and 
pleasing speaker. H( died in Mamaroneck in 1857, 
in his S»Oth year. 

James and Mary (Underbill) Mott had four chil- 
dren, born in New York but brought up in Mamaro- 
neck. Their eldest son Richard just mentioned was 
born in 1767. Their only daughter Anne born 1768 
married at Mamaroneck in 1785, while still wanting 
three months of her seventeenth birthday, her fatber'a 
cousin Adam Mott of Hempstead, in whose veins ran 
the blood of the best Quaker families of that first set- 
tlement of the Quakers in America. The young Adam 
Mott, the third in descent of the first Adam Mott 


of II(>in|iiit<>it(l, iukI llic loiirtli from .loliii IIIiIiIh'II,— 
lirou^'ht hilt youii^ l)ri<le to tlit' old Mott lioiiifMtciitl, 
on the chore of thit Soiiiul iiciir Hciii|>Htcii(l Hiirbor, 
on hind whidi had bi'i'n ^riuitcd to hi:* ^rt>iit Unclti 
Kichlu'll Mott in l7ilHatid \vhi<h Kirliliill Mott hoM 
to hi« brother Adam Moti in l71-'>. The yoiint; Adam 
between 1785 and 17'.MHinilt a new Mill at Cow l)ay — 
(now I'ort NVaMhiii);toii,) and iiroHpercd tiiere for more 
tinin tifleen yearn, and wiien liis wifeV l)r(itiit'r Ui<'hurd 
retiri'tl from the I'reminm Mill, the renniiningbrotherH 
Hubert and i^nmuel indueud tiieir brotherin-law Adam 
Mott of Hempstead to leave hiii proMperouH Mill at 
C'nw liay and join Ihem in the I'reminm Mill, an<l he 
removed to Mamaroiieek in IMOIt and settled in u 
ufterwarda the properly of I'eter Jay Monroe, and 
ualle<l the "Mott Home," oii ii pK'iutant farm adjoin- 
ing what is now known an liarchmont. The oldest 
Mon of Adam and Annr Mott, born in tlieaneient Mott 
homestead near the :nouth of Hempstead Harbour in 
1788 and uiinied after his grandfather Jamett Mott, 
went to Philadelphia and there married in 1811 Lu- 
eretia Collin, who afterwards as fiUeretia Mott of I'hil- 
ailelphia became eminent as a (Quaker preaelier and 
eloipient advocate of nniiiy reforms. In 1H14, lames 
and Lueretir Mott spent some months at Manuiro- 
neek on the invitation id' their Unele Uichard Mott to 
jtnn liini in Cotton 8pinning, and if the project had 
been carried out n.' lirMt proposed, the eio<|nent t^iia- 
ker Preacher would have been known as Lueretia Mott 
of Maunironcck, itistead of Lueretia Mott of Philadel- 
phia. Hut she was then only 21 years old, and 
did not so much as imagine that S'he could speak in 
public, and the spinning project <iot coming to satis- 
factory terms they returned to Phihulelphia. Adam and 
Anno Mott's youngest son liiehard, born at Premium 
Point in 1804, now for many years the lion. Iliehard 
Mott of Toledo Ohio still survives in a vigorous old 
age of 82, one of the best known men in Northern 

When the laws of the first Napoleon dragged the 
United Slates into controversies with France and 
England which culminated in the war of 1812, Amer- 
ican Commerce was erijjjiled or ruined and the Pre- 
mium Mill at length went under a cloud. One 
entire Ship's cargo from the Mill was confiscated in 
France on a charge of violating a paper blockade, and 
no restitution ever made. 

James Mott made Premium Point his home until 
1816 and died in New York in 182H in his eighty-first 
year. He was a man of culture and high character, 
unusually handsome in person, tall, erect, and of much 
grace and dignity of manner and stood high in general 
esteem. In dress and habits he was always a strict 
Quaker of the old days, and active in the interests of 
his religious society travelling much in their service 
in the States of New York, Pennsylvania and New 
F^ngland. He gave freely for many years, in time and 
means, and in the use of his pen in the advancement 
of Education, and the suppression of intemperance, 

and allow nothing produced by Slave labor to be 
used in his house, and hm far as poMiblo limited hia 
hoUHchold to Americati Mannfacturen. Robert Mott, 
the second son of Jame* Molt of Premium Point died 
in New York in IMori and hi« youngest son Samuel 
died there in I84K. 

The Premium Mill continued to bo operated with 
varying success for nnmy years and after .lames Mott 
and his sons, passed through other hands and in 184.'< 
was purchased by Henry Partridge; Kellogg then of 
Poughkeepsie in whose family it remained for nearly 
forty years. The .Mill itself venerable with age was 
finally removed within the last three or four years, 
and near its site now stand several handsome modern 
Cottages or Villas. 

The Three Great Patmti of Central Wentcheiter. 

Very closely connected with Mamaroneck and 
Scarsdale as parts of the Manor of Scarsdale, was that 
part of the County lying between that Manor and 
Harrison's Purchase on the south, the Manor of Cort- 
landton the north, the Colony of Connecticut on the 
east, and the Manor of Philipseburgh on the west. 
This immense area containing 7(),()()0 acres of latid, 
was bought from the natives by Colonel Heathcote 
for himself and associates and grunted to him and 
them in three extremely large Patents, called from 
their relative situations the West, the Middle, and 
the East Patents. 

In the purchase of the Indian title to these lands, 
and in the Patents for them express provision was 
made that the rights of Heathcote nntler the Rich- 
bell patents and deeds, should not be interfered with. 
Hence their long connexion with his lands now com- 
priseil in the towns of Scarsdale and Mamaroneck. 
Those " Great Patents,"' as they were styled were 
bounded in part by Scarsdale Manor and are so 
intimately connected with its history, that some 
mention must be briefly made of them and their 
origin. By its terms the Manor-Grant, of Scars- 
dale endiraced White Plains, a part of Northcas- 
; tie, part of Uedford, and part of Harrisons Pur- 
I chase, but it expressly provided as to White 
j Plains that it should give its Lord no other title 
I than that he already possessed by virtue of his 
purchase of the right title and estate of Mrs. Ann 
I Richbell in the Estate of her husband John Richbell 
the origirutl grantee from the Indians and from both 
I the Dutch (lovernment and the English (lovernment. 
These Great Patents were not Manors, though two of 
them were larger than either of the Manors of Pel- 
I ham, Morrisania or Fordham. They were simply 
Patents for great tracts of land issued according to 
; law to three bodies of grantees as individuals, who 
I each possessed an undivided share, bodies which in 
modern parlance would be called " syndicates." They 
were based upon a license to Colonel Heathcote to 
purchase vacant and unappropriated laud in West- 
chester county and extinguish the title of the Natives 



granted by (Jovernitr Fletcher on the r2th of Ortober, 

He wait the ninat proniiiient of the gentlemen 
who formed the boilien above mciitiuned and wlio be- 
came the OwniTM und I'utentei'ii uf theHe tlireu I'at- 
enta. The flrat purchaite made by Colonel Ileuthcoto 
in the region nieriiioned, waa from Pathunck, Wum- 
pun, Cohawney, and Hvi other Indiana, who on the 
19th of October, Iti'.Ni, executed to him a deed con- 
veying " for and in conttidvration £100 good and law- 
ful money of New York," " all that tract of land iiitu- 
ate lying and being in the County of Westchester in 
the I'rovinceof New York in America, bounded north 
by Hcroton's ' Uiver, easterly by Byram River and 
Bedford line, southerly by the land of John Harrison 
and his associates, and the line stretching to Byram 
river aforesaid, and westerly to the land of Frederick 
I'hiliime." ' 

This covered all the present town of New castle 
and most of North cuHtle as it now exists, and other 
lands south and east of the latter. It is hence some- 
times called " North castle Indian Deed," or from one 
of the Indians " Wampus's Land Deed." Colonel 
Heathcote made most of the purchases of the Indians 
of Northern and Central Westcbexter then inhabiting 
it, in accordance with the customary rule in such mat- 
ters which has been before explained. That for the lands 
between the Mchanas'^ and Byram liivers, he delegat- 
ed his powers to others to obtain, by this license dated 
at Mamaroneck the 4th of July 17U1, " I underwritten 
do give free liberty, so far as it lyes in my power (by 
virtue of a grant to me from Colonel Benjamin Fletcher, 
late (Jovcrnor of New York) unto Robert Lockhard, 
Richard 8cotield, Nathaniel Selleck, and (lershom 
Loukwood, to purchase of the Indian proprietors the 
lands hereafter mentioned from Mehanas river to Byram 
River, and so run northward three miles into ye woods 
upon Byram River, and one mile into ye Woods on 
the Mehanas River, provided it does not injure the 
right of Bedford or Greenwich, nor is within my pat- 
ent right from Mrs. Ann Richbell. Witness my hand. 

Caleb Heathcote. 

Mamaroneck, July 4th, 1701. 

The same day the following Indians " in considera- 
tion of a certaine sume of good & lawful money " ex- 
ecuted a deed for the land to the above named four 
persons and Coll. Heathcote, Capt. James Mott, Jon- 
athan Lockhard, GershomLockhard'sion, and Henry 
Disbrow, the same persons mentioned in Heathcote'a 
license, thus describing it, " to begin at Byram river at 
y' CoUony Line & so to run to Mehanas river as said 
line goes running northerly on Mehanas river as y* 
river goes a mile into y'' woods, & from the Collony 
Line on Byram river three miles northerly as the river 

iMewCroton River. 

•Lib. I. A2, of I)e«dB,Seo. uf State's otl; Alt«ny. 

> Now ipeiied " Mianiifl." 


runs into the Woo<ls, A from the head of said line to 
y* head of the other line afore mentioned.* 
The witnesses were Heringo 

Benjamin Disbrow Raresiiuasb -^ 

Benjamin Collier, with Washpakin 

Uraticus and Ilanchomo ^^^ 

six other Indians I'ackanaim -{- 

On the same fourth of July, 1701, when there seems 
to have been a meeting of all the parties in interest, 
Indians and whites, at Mamaroneck, to consummate 
several Indian purchascs,'8eringo, and three other In- 
dians executed the following deed to Joseph Horton 
for a very large tract indeed. It is printed verbatim 
from the original in John Horton's hand writing in 
the writer's posaesaion : 

" The : 4 : of July— 1701 

" Biet' known to all home it may consarn That I 8a- 
ringo hafe This day Sold unto Joseph Horton saner 
(senior) A sarten Track or pareal of Land Setuaten 
and Lyen within the profence (province) of Nu 
Yorcke which land beginen at the purch[a«e] lastly 
purch*^ by Cornal Hacoc" John Horton Cap" 
Thall Joseph' Purdy and all the Land from biram 
reuer ' wassward unpurch"" and so to run upward to 
brunkess reuer,' and I Haringo do oblidge myself my 
ars'" orassinstomarcket" outebyMark Trecseasmay 
aper her agan " and This To be marcked oute The 
Sext: or Saventh Day of Thisentant" munth and for 
the Tru Burformance I haf Sat ray hand and Sale 
Sineded Saled and Dleaved In pranta of ua Thia been 
in order To a furder confmashon. , 

Saringo -(- 
and three other 
Indians (namea 

John Horton 
(illegible) Hattield 
Hannah park 


John -f- Cake 


Robard -f Smeth 


Endorsed upon the deed is this statement of the 
consideration by Horton, 
I Joseph Horton oblige mysalf To pay one Sarengo 

< Aiu'iriit copy of tlie nrigjiial ili'ed villi llealhcote't licenM appended. 
Id the writer's poMrwiun. Alao recorded in Weet. Co. tUecordi Lib. 
C, 96. 


' Colonel Ileatlicotc. 

' Capt. Tbeall. 

•Byram Ri»er westward unptirchixHl. ,_ 

•Bronx River. ^ ;, 

'"Helm. , . 

"Markit. ■ ; _ -, ,--,'; , • r- „- ■ ,„ .,■;. 

>* Appear here again. , 

" InsUiit. , 


:: ■»■;.*-> 

he performen hia part accorded to bagen * as may 
apen connsarnend Land which he Is or (illegible) 
to performe 

The a buv named horton Is obliged To Pay Sringo 
aud the raa ' of his (illegible) as folas ' 

1 barel of Sidar :■ • ; 

6 Shurts 

5 galans of rum 
^ ICot 
• 1 shepe 

And this to be payd at or before The furst day of 
Jnery * nex in (three small words illegible) The day 
mansbshened' July: 4: 17001' , ,, ., 

-'"■ ' ? 

1 hors: 1 Sadal : 1 bridal ' '" 

.: i ,,( ■.•,,,1--- ?' 1 >;i .■ 

2 cots 

leaf •■• :^ ■ ^ : • 

2 shurds ' 

1 ancher of rum " " 

•■<!• <h.: 

This deed included all the land that hud not before 
been purchased, from Byram River northwestward to 
the Bronx River. In the month of June preceding, 
on the eleventh, twenty-three days prior to the execu- 
tion of the above deed, Seriugo and two other Indians 
"in consideratione of a certain sum of money" deeded 
to Colonel Heathcote, Capt. Joseph Theal, Lieut. John 
Horton,' and Mr Joseph Purdy of Mamaroneck a 
tract "bounded as followeth, — Southerly by Byram 
River, Northerly to the Northwest corner of a great 
swamp commonly culled the Round Kwauip, thence a 
southwesterly line to Rye, great Pond, and bounded 
by the said pond westerly, and so runs to Harrisons 
great marked tree." 

On the 5th of July 1701, the same Seriugo and 
the other Indians deeded to Heathcote, Theal, Joseph 
Horton, and Purdy a tract bounded "southerly by 
the Colony Line, easterly by Mehanus River, north- 
erly by Bedford line and marked trees to Mehanus 
River, and southerly as said river goes against the 
stream to the head thereof." '" 

On the 27th of March 1702 a deed for lands north 
of Cross River above Bedford village was executed 
to Colonel Heathcote by Katonah the Sagamore of 
all that region, which as it is not recorded is here 
given from the original in the hand writing of the 

' >Acc<mllng to bargain. 

8 KuUuWB. 


* Montluiitxl. 

*8o In tliu original. > 

r Bhirta. 

'Till! «xtraonlinnrf deed li wrltUiD on the reverse ilde of a privHte 
letter to Joseph Horton from one Samuel IlfTurd, dnted " Stratford the 
Ulh day of May," but no yeir ; it is nut recorded. 

9 The drauglitenian of the last ln<Uan deed. 
x> Rec, In " Albany Recortli," i. p. »4. 

noted Zachariah Roberts " of Bedford, in the writer's 
possession : 

Katonah' B Deed to Col. Caleb Heathcote. 

" This Bill of Seall bearing date in the year one 
thousand seven hundred and two : testifyeth that we 
Katonah, Wackamane and Wewanapeag proprietors 
of the sd land afternamed lying above Bedford and 
bounded Southward by Cross Riuer, eastward by 
Marked trees, westward by Cortlandt's land & North- 
wards petticua Small Riuer, which sd track of land 
is estimasion is five miles long and three miles wide : 
this above sd. upland & medow land we Katonah 
Wackamane and Wewanapeag, we for ourselves and 
from our ayrs and all other Indians whatsuineuer do 
sell, alienate, asigne, & set over this abousd land lying 
in the County of Westchester & in ye provence of 
New Yorck unto Cornall Caleb Hethcut of Mama- 
ranuck and Captain petter " Mathews of new Yorck, 
Joseph purdy of Ry and Richard ScofTeld of Stan- 
ford, or any other conserned in the aboue said pur- 
ches. We the aboue sd indiens trew of ye 
aboue sd land as the bounds are named we have sold 
& doe set over from us our ayrs executors administra- 
tors, or asignes for euer unto the aboue named Caleb 
Hethcut, petter Mathews, Joseph Purdy, Richard 
Scoffeld to them their ayrs executors administrators 
and asignes for euer with all the rights titles privileges 
& apurtenances thereunto belonging promising to 
them & theyrs that they shall enioye the same pees- 
ably without let or molestation from us or ours or any 
other Indians laying any claimc thereunto for euer, 
and we doe acknowledg that we have reciucd full 
satisfacktion for the aboue said track of land as 
witness our hands and sealls this 27 day of March 

Signeil Seal led and delivered 
in Bedford in the pres 
ance of us 

Zechariah Roberts ■ i ■ 

John Dibell 

John Miller . 

Chickheag -f- 

Caconico -|- 

Arottom -|- .' 


Katonah + 
Wackamane -f- 
Wewanapetig -|- 

Acount of good 

to one 6 guns 
to anker of rum 
to 20 bars of lead 
to 12 drain ** knifs 

to 12 par sockins 
to 12 citels " 
to (> iron citels 
to cotun cloth 

>i Roberta was the leading man of Bedford, noted for hii bitter hoitlllty 
to the Cliurch of England, and bin intense desire to profit by all the 
public eniploymeniB he could obtain. 

M Peter. 

u Sickles. 14 Urawing-kniTsi. ; 



to 20 knifa 
to 12 hos ' 
to 12 awordR 
to 12 axis " 

to dufils > 

tu blankita 

to 10 barils of aider ' 

One of the peraona prominently engaged with Col- 
onel Heathcote in obtaining the several Indian deeda 
above set forth for the lands between Harrison and 
the Croton River waa Joseph Horton of Rye the 
grantee in the above deed of the 4th of July 1701 for 
all the unpurchased land between Byrain river and 
the Bronx. The following instrument shows the 
nature of the agreentent between them and incident- 
ally Heathcote'a precise view of his own bounds and 
what belonged to him under hia Richbell convey- 
ances in the territory covered by the foregoing Indian 
deeda and the three great patents subsequently based 
upon them. 

Agreetnent of Joseph Horton with Colonel Heathcote. 

Whereas by virtue of a License from Coll. Benj" 
ffletcher late Governor of this Province unto Coll. 
Caleb Heathcote impowering him to buy any lands 
from the Indian Proprietors betwixt Scroton's River * 
and the north end of Harrisson's Pattent, the said 
Heathcote and Joseph Horton have [bought] & are 
about to buy of the Indian Proprietors considerable 
tracts & parcells of Land ; Now know all men by 
these presents that It is mutually agreed & concluded 
betwixt the said Caleb Heathcote & Joseph Horton 
that such parts of any tract or parcells of land bought 
by them of the indian Proprietors as falls within 
said Heathcote'a lines by virtue of his deeds from 
Mrs. Ann Richbell late deceased, the bounds whereof 
run with Mamaronock River to the head thereof 
thence in a north line twenty miles into the woods 
from Westchester Path, now all such lands as fall 
within the lines of those deeds as before mentioned 
shall be and remain to the said Caleb Heathcote his 
Heirs & assigns forever notwithstanding any deed or 
bill of sale in Partnership betwixt said Heathcote & 
Horton to them from the Indians, the said Heathcote 
paying and bearing the full charge of the purchase of 
all such land as "ills within hisiincsafToresaid, & the 
said Heathcote not claiming a greater breadth through 
said purchase that is, or shall hereafter be made by 
him & said Horton, than he has at Westchester Path, 
which is from Mamoronock River to PijMn's brook 
adjoyneing the great Neck. In witness whereof the 
said Joseph Horton hath here unto sett his hand & 
seal this (fourteenth of July in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred & one. 

Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of 
Benjamin Collier 

> A cokrae and thick, but luft woulen clotli made In Holland. 

> Thla waa a very good price fur that day. 
« Now CrotuD BlTer. 

Anne Millington 

Joseph Horton (L. S.)' 

Out of the lands the Indian title to wnioh was ex- 
tinguished by the various Indian deeda above set 
forth were formed the three Great Patents mat have 
been mentioned, the West Patent dated H"- February 
1701 to ten Patentees, the Middle Patent dated 17"" 
February 1701 to 13 Patentees, and the East Patent 
dated 2" March 1701 to 11 Patentees. Ten of theae 
Patentees were the same in all three Patents. They 
were the ten persons to whom the West Patent, the 
earliest of the three, was issued, and their names 
were Robert Walters, Leigh Attwood, Cornelius De 
Peyster, Caleb Heathcote, Matthew Clarkson, John 
Chollwell, Richard Slater, Robert Lurting, Barne 
Cosens, Lancaster Symes, all well known as promi- 
nent men of the City and Province i>f New York. 
In the Middle Patent in addition to the above ten, 
Joseph Theale, John Horton, and Joseph Purdy, all 
of Rye, appear as Patentees. In the East Patent 
besides the above ten Peter Mathews of Bedford a])- 
l)ears as a Patentee. Several of these Patentees held 
their shares not for themselves but in trust for friends 
and some of them sold their shares to other persons. 

Immediately after the Patents were issued, all the 
different Patentees named in each executed joint cove- 
nants under seal, that no survivorship should take place 
among them, and that each should be divided into ns 
many distinct parts as there were Patentees. The 
covenant for the West Patent was dated February 
18'" 1702, those for the Middle and East Patents were 
both dated the same day, the 25* of June 1702.* 

The following statement showing in the three 
Patents, the changes of the Patentees names, the 
Quit-rents payable for each, the number of acres of 
improvable land in each, and their respective boun- 
daries, is from the original in the writer's possession. 
It is undated, but was evidently made out in Colonel 
Heathcote's lifetime, and probably about 1715 or 


The West Patent. ,_ . 

" Patent : 14 Feb : 1701 ,; . ,, t.^- ,' 

5000 Acres Improvable Land ' \ '-' 

ilG, 5, 0, Quit-Rent 

Patentees Names 
L. Atwood 
C. Depeyster 
C. Heathcote 
M. Clarkson 
Jno. Chollwell 
R. Slater 
R. Lurting 
Barne Cosens 

In trust for or sold to, 
Schellcnx & Lyon 

Quinby . 

T, Weaver 
C. Heathcote 
Peter Fanconnier 

' Original <le«d in Colo. Hoatlicote's handwriting in (Hiwewiuii or tlie 
writer. It in not rccordoit, 

c From ancient copiea of these covenanta in th* wriler'a poaieaeion. 




By Croton River and the Mannor of Cortlandt, or one 
of them. 


With Bedford Line of Three Miles Square, the White 
Fields, and Byram Point. 

By the land of John Harrison &c, Ry» Line stretch- 
ing to Biram River and the White Plains, 

By Brunk's River and the Mannor of Philipshurgh, 
Excepting out of y* Bounds aforesaid all y* Lands 
within Richbell's Patent, now in y'TenourA occupa- 
tion of Coll. Caleb Heathcote. 

The MiddU Patent. 

" Patent : 17 February, 1701 
• 1500 Acres Improvable Land 

- ;,i £1, 17, 6 Quit Rent 


Patentees Names 
C. Heathcote 
Jo. Theale 
J. Horton 
J. Purdy 
R. Walter , . 
Leigh Atwood 
M. Clarkson 
Lan. Symes 
C. De Peyster 
R. Slater 
John ChoUwell 
Barne Cosens 
Robert Lurting 

In Trust for or Sold to 

■41 ):■: 

Schellinx & Lyon 
Clarksons , 

Y' Heirs Coll. Depeyster 
Tho. Weaver 


P. Fanconnier 
C. Heathcote ,, 
Bounded <..■■■■ > ■ 

by the Division Line betweene y' Colony of Connecti- 
cut and the Province of New York paruUell to the 

By Mahanas River. 

Northerly, ' ' ^ 

by Bedford Line and Mark' Trees runiug westerly 

to Mahanas River. . . • 

Westerly, - - ' , • - . 

again and as the said River goes against the stream to 
the head thereof, then along the Easterly branch of 
Biram River to the said Colony Line again where the 
same began. 

The East Patent 

"Patent: 2 March 1701 
6200 Acres Improvable Land 
£7, 16, 0, Quit-Rent 

Patentees Names 
Ro. Walter 
Jno. Chollwell 
L. Atwood 
C. De Peyster 
R. Slater 
Barne Cosens 
M. Clarkson 
Lan. Symes 
Rob. Lurting 
Peter Mathews 
Caleb Heathcote 

In Trust for or sold to 
Schellinx & Lyon 



T. Weaver • 

P. Fanconnier 

C. Heathcote 

Bounded ' ^ 

by the Division Line between N. Y. and said Colony of 
Connecticut, and so along said Line until it meets with 
the Patent of Adolph Philipse, and so along his south- 
ern bounds till it meets with the Mannor of Cortlandt 
and from thence by a Line that shall run upon a 
direct course until it meets with the first easterly Line 
of 20 of the said Mannor of Cortlandt, and from thence 
along the said line Westerly till it meets with the Pat- 
ent granted to R. Walter & others, thence southerly 
along the said Patent untill it meets with the bounds 
of the Township of Bedford & thence round along 
said bounds untill it meets with the patent granted to 
Coll. Heathcote and others, and along the bounds of 
said Patent unto the Colony Line where it first began. — 

Also a small Tract of Land beginning westerly at a 
great Rock on the Westmost side at the Southmost 
end of a Ridge Known by the Name of Richboll or 
Horse Ridge and from thence Northwest and by North 
to Brunk's River, Easterly beginning at a mark'd Tree 
at the Eastmost side on the Southmost end of the said 
Ridge and thence north to Brunk's River." 

This West Patent by its bounds excluded White- 
plains, which Colonel Heathcote claimed under his 
Richbell deeds and Patents. This led to a contro- 
versy between him and some " Rye Men " who 
claimed Whiteplains as a part of their town. This 
claim however remained passive, and nothing but a 
claim during Colonel Heathcote's life as the result of 
the Richbell verdict against Rye in 1696 (set forth 
above in full) the year before Colonel Heathcote 
bought the Richbell estate of Ann Richbell. The 
I 1 was then worth very little, and the Rye claim- 
auw were very few. Colonel Heathcote died Febru- 
ary 28, 172(F-21, and his entire estate passed under 
his will to if s two daughters, Ann, the elder, subse- 
quently the wife of James de Lancey chief justice of 
the Province of New York who died its Governor in 
1760, and Martha, the younger, subsequently the 
wife of Lewis Johnston, M.D., of Perth Amboy, New 
Jersey, who died in 1774. His widow, Mrs. Martha 
Heathcote, was the sole executrix. By her and the 
two gentlemen just named, in the course of time, 
settlements were effected of Colonel Heathcote's in- 
terests in Whiteplains, the three patents above men- 
tioned and in Harrisson's purchase. 



In relation to White plains it has been stated er- 
roneously that Colonel Heathcote died, " about four 
years later " than 1702, in which year a committee of 
Bye people were appointed to agree with him on a 
line between his Patent and White plains, and that 
the question remained " still unsettled." ^ This is an 
entire mistake, Colonel Heathcote lived nearly twenty 
years instead of four, after 1702, and maintained his 
right to White plains, but was always ready to agree 
with the Bye people about the matter, but they, 
though occasionally talking about it, practically re- 
mained passive, in consequence of the Bichbell ver- 

' diet against them of December 3, 1696, above set 
forth. Not till after Colonel Heathcote's death, 
which occurred on February 28, 1720-21, was the matter 
closed, though negotiations were pending in his life- 
time, and Governor Burnet's Patent for White plains 
was issued to Joseph Budd, Humphrey Underbill and 
others, bearing date the 13th of March 1721. The 
Patentees named therein, with four or five exceptions, 
were entirely different men from the " proprietors of 
the White plaines purchase " ' whose names appear 
in a li!>t taken from the Bye Town Becords under 
date of 1720, in Bolton's History, (1st ed. vol. ii. p. 
341) and copied in Baird's Bye and Bolton's second 
edition. This list was probably one of the proprie- 
ors of some part of the grants embracing the present 
tcwnship of Bye. 

The terms of the settlement with Bye of adjoining 
lands with Colonel Heathcote's representatives, about 
which there was dispute are thus set forth, in " Notes 
of agreement between Bye and Devisees of Heath- 
cote," in the writer's possession i — " Bye is to give us 
their title to all lauds which we claim in Harrison's 
purchase, as also to all the lands lying between the 
old CoUony Line and Mamaroneck Biver and the 
White plains. We are to give them the benefit of 
the covenants in Jamison's deed ta Coll. Heathcote 
for the purchase lands." This was carried out by a 
deed from Bobert Bloomer, John Budd, Samuel 
Purdy, John Horton, Nathan Kniffen, John Disbrow, 
Samuel Brown, Boger Park, Joseph Oalpin, Abra- 
ham Brundige, and nineteen other inhabitants of Bye 
and White plains, to Mrs. Ann de Lancey and Mrs. 
Martha Johnston dated September 6th 1739 for all 
the lands referred to in the above agreement.' In 
connection with these matters it must be borne in 

, mind that when the first claim of the Bye people was 
defeated by the verdict against them in favor of Mrs. 
Bichbellof Decembers, 1696, they were already greatly 
angered by the grant of the Patent to John Harrison 
and his associates for what has ever since been known 
as "Harrison's Purchase" by the Governor of New 
' York, on the 25th of June 1696, about six months 

> IWrd'i Htatory of Bye, p. 166. The annie erroneo<is statement wu 
copied flroni Baird into the lecond edition of Bolton'i Weetrheater, vol. 
Ii. p. US. 

< Bo atjrled in Baird, Hiat. Rye, p. 150. 

* rrom an aoolent copy of the deed in the writer'* poaaaaaioo. 

before the verdict was rendered. They claimed that 
territory under an Indian deed to Peter Disbrow and 
three others of 2d June 1662, for " a certain tract of 
land above Westchester Path to the marked trees 
bounded with the above said Blind Brook," (this is 
the whole description) and as being in Connecticut 
of which they insisted Bye was a part, but they never 
would take out a patent for it. Hence when the 
Quaker Harrison, and his four or five associates, ap- 
plied to the New York government for a grant of it 
as "unappropriated and vacant land" it was, after 
due deliberation, granted them by Patent. In order 
to quiet the border disputes of that day they had pre- 
viously tried to get the people of Bye to take out a 
patent for this land, but they always refused to do so. 
This grant for Harrison's Purchase, and the Bichbell 
verdict coming only about six months afler it, was 
more than the Bye people thought they could bear, 
and therefore, early in 1697, they revolted, seceded 
from New York, and again set themselves up as a 
part of Connecticut. The New York government by 
peaceful means tried to bring them back, but in vain, 
and this secession continued for about three years, 
until King William by a sharp " Order in Council," 
made on the 28th of March, 1700, ordered them back 
to the old jurisdiction, in the words of the order 
"forever thereafter to remain under the Government 
of the Province of New York." * That government 
in the beginning had even tendered them a Patent, 
and Colonel Heathcote, who was one of the Gover- 
nor's Council, at the request of the latter, in 1697 
went to Bye, and personally endeavored to settle the 
controversy. His letter to the Governor and Council 
describing his visit and its failure, gives the facts of 
the case very clearly, and they prove that their own 
folly lost the Harrison lands to the people of Bye. 
" I asked them " he says, " why they did not take out 
a patent when it was tendered them. They said they 
never heard that they could have one. I told them 
that their argument might pass with such as knew 
nothing of the matter, but that I knew better ; for 
that to my certain knowledge they might have had 
a patent had they not rejected it ; and that it was so 
far from being done in haste or in the dark, that not 
a boy in the whole Town, nor almost in the County, 
but must have heard of it ; and that I must always be 
a witness against them, not only of the many mes- 
sages they have hud from the Government about it, 
but likewise from myself." * * * * 

" I told them as to the last purchase wherein I was 
concerned, if that gave them any dissatisfaction, 
that I would not only quit my claim, but use my in- 
terest in getting them any part of it they should de- 
sire. Their answer was, they valued not that; it 
was Harrison's Patent that was their ruin." ' 

Mt. Ool. mat. r.27. 

• Vol. xii. p. ;«) of the Col. Haa. In Sec. of State'a office, Albany. It 
la printed in Baird's Hist, of Bye, p. 100. 



tBome five years after the granting of the West 
Patent to Robert Walter and hi8 assouiatea in 1701, 
the southern part of it on the Byram River was, in 
derogation of their rights, granted to Anne Bridges 
and four others of the town of Rye. The West Paten- 
tees remained (luietly in possession however of all their 
territory. About twenty-three years afler the issu- 
ing of the West Patent, and about two after Colonel 
Heathcote's death, a suit in ejectment was brought, by 
the persons named in the Bridges grant of 1705-6 
against Robert Walter and other owners of the West 
Patent. The reasons for it are now unknown as the 
latter had never been disturbed in the possession of 
their lands by any-body. It was unsuccessful how- 
ever. The following curious and interesting paper 
entitled " A true state of the case," gives all the facts, 
and also shows how thoroughly Colonel Heathcote 
was even then considered "authority" in West- 
chester County matters. Its author, evidently a law- 
yer, is unknown, but it is in the small, clear, beauti- 
ful, handwriting of Peter Fauconnier an owner, by 
trust or by purchase, in all three of the great Patents 
above mentioned, and one of the best surveyors of 
that day. It is printed from the original in the 
writer's possession. 

" A true state of the case. 

Between the ejector John Horton &c., and Robert 
Walter &c., in behalf of the ejected, for lands in 
Westchester County. 

" Coll. Caleb Heathcote well acquainted with 
the North bounds of the Tract of land called Well's 
and Coxe's purchases, being the lands long before 
claimed by, and since patented to, the Town of Rye 
the 11th day of August 1720; 

" With the East and North bounds of the lands 
granted the 25th day of June, 1696, to William Nicoll 
Esq., Ebenezer Willson, David Jamison, John Harri- 
son, and Bamuel Haight, called Harrison's purchase ; 

" With the North bounds of the lands claimed by 
the Inhabitants of White Plains ; 

" With the Eastmost bounds of the several con- 
tiguous tracts of laud granted the 23rd day of Decem- 
ber, 1684, to Frederick Phillipse, and the course of 
Brunks river ; 

" With the South bounds of those granted the 17th 
of June, 1697, to Coll. Stephen Cortlandt ; 

" With the North and West bounds of the lands be- 
longing to the Town of Bedford ; 

" And well knowing how, and where, the three 
several lines which have to divide this Province from 
the Colony of Connecticut, are to fall and to run, and 
consequently the location, extent, and limits, of the 
then still vacant lands adjoining thereunto ; he did 
acquaint there with the Persons hereinafter named 
jointly with, and for the use of, whom, with and by 
the assistance of Joseph Theale, John Horton, Joseph 
Purdy, Nathaniel Beleick, Richard Scofeild, James 
Mott, and Henry Disbrow, he did wholly and law- 
fully purchase the same. 

" Being all that certain tract of land in the County 
of Westchester, bounded Northerly by the Manor of 
Cortlandt, Easterly with Bedford line of three miles 
square, the Whitefeilds, and Byram River, Southerly 
by the Colony second line. Rye line stretching to 
Byram River, the land of John Harrison, and the 
White Plains, and Westerly by Brunk's river and 
the Mannor of Philipsburgh. On the return of which 
purchase the said Coll. Heathcote and his associates 
applyed for, and on the 14th day of February 1701-2, 
obtained the Crown's Grant for the same. To Robert 
Walter, Leigh Atwood, Cornelius Depyster, Caleb 
Heathcote, Mathew Clarkson, John Cholwell, Rich- 
ard Slater, Lancaster Symes, Robert Lurting [in 
Quest for the said Coll. Heathcote again] and Barn6 
Cosens, under £6, 5. — Quitrent. 

"Notwithstanding all w'" yet, and the said Ian is 
being vacant and unappropriated, the purchass there- 
of was so lawfully made, and the grant obtained : On 
the 12th day of January, 1706, being near five years 
after, Anne Bridges, John Clap, Augustin Qraham, 
John Horton, and Thomas Height, on a wrong notion 
of an insufficiency of power and authority in the then 
Lieutenant-Oovernour to grant the above mentioned 
tract to the above named purchasers thereof, and on 
such other groundless surmises, did sue for and then 
obtained, an other posterior grant for the Southern 
part of the same individual tract of Land : 

" It being for A certain tract of land in the county 
of Westchester within the Province of New York, be- 
ginning at a Beach tree standing by Byram river near 
a great rock, markt with the letters I. H. I. P. I. C, 
thence running up the said river North North West 
to a certain Ash Tree, on the upper end of a place 
commonly called Pondpound's Neck, marked with 
the letters aforesaid &c to the Colony line. Westerly 
to the eight miles stake standing between three white 
oak trees markt [viz.] one of the said trees is marked 
with the letters C C R on the north side and Y D un 
the south side, and from the said trees on a direct line, 
runs to the Northernmost corner of Rye pond, and 
thence south ten degrees Westerly to a white oak sap- 
ling marked by the Pond side with the letters T. I. P. 
thence by a range of marked trees south sixty four 
degrees East to an Ash Tree standing by Blind Brook 
on the East side thereof, and thence by another range 
of marked trees to a certain Chestnut tree markt with 
the letters J. P. on the North side, on the West side, 
with the letters I. P. on the south side with the letters 
I. H. and thence by a range of marked trees to the 
place where it begun. 

"That this last-mentioned grant is all included 
in, and that the east, south, and most of the west 
bounds thereof are, the very same with the southmost 
ones specified in the aforementioned grant of the 14th 
February, 1701-2 to Robert Walter Ac., will unques- 
tionably appear by comparing the southern bounds 
of the one with those of the other, and both with the 
northern bounds of the Patent granted the 11th day 



of August, 1720, to Samuel Purdy and others for the 
Township of Rye, and with the eastern and northern 
bounds of that granted to William Nicoll &c., the 
2dth day of June, 1696, called Harrison's Lands, or 
Harrison's Purchase. 

"Matters relating to that aifair being in reality as 
hath been related, the several questions which do 
naturally arise therefrom, are, first, what could induce 
thcHe last Patentees to sue for a Grant of that laud 
in 1705-6, which they well knew had been already 
patented in 1701-2. Secondly, Why, having been at the 
trouble and charges thereof, they not only left the 
said first Patentees so long quietly owne, but also 
survey the same, and not only be present thereat 
without the least objection, but also shew them the 
East and North lines of Well's and Harrixon's pur- 
chasses ; to let them dispose of several pieces part of 
it, and the buyers thereof without interruption en- 
joy the same about 23 years after that first grant was 
obtained; and lastly what could induce them, so 
late then to serve a Lease of Ejectment on it." 

The answers to these questions we arc left to con- 
jecture, as except the boundaries of the jjatents it 
refers to, which accompany it. Nothing else appears 
on the paper. It is apparently part of a lawyer's 
statement of facts, upon which to base an opin- 
ion. It would seem from the statement itself 
that the Bridges Patent was granted on the idea 
that Lieutenant-Governor Nanfan for some reason 
not stated, had not the power to issue the West 
Patent when he did, and that it was therefore of no 
effect. An utterly false idea, for his power as Com- 
mander-in-chief was exactly that of all Governors- 
in-chief, as set forlh in the royal " Instructions " to 
each of them. The West Patent remained, undis- 
turbed, and is the foundation of the present title to 
the region covered by it (now New Castle and a 
large part of North Castle and a part, of Bedford). 
The suit was probably a scheme of some lawyer, or 
some person, who was a personal or political oppo- 
nent of some one or more of the proprietors of the 
West Patent, for the value of the land then was en- 
tirely too little to induce a speculative action. The 
following is the text of the West Patent from a certi- 
fied copy of 1734, in the writer's possession. 


Recorded at the request of Robt. Wa/ters A- others. 

William the third by the grace of God of England 
Scotland ffrance & Ireland King Defender of the ffaith 
&c, To all to whom these presents shall come or may 
consern Greeting Whereas — our Loving Subjects Rob- 
ert Walters Leigh Attwood Cornelius Depeyster Caleb 
Heathcote Matthew Clarkson John Chollwell Richard 
Slater Lancater Simes Robert Lurting & Barne Copens 
have by their petitions presented unto our trusty & 
wellbeloved John Nanfan Esq'', our Leiut', Gov', & 
Commander in Cheif of our Province of New York 
and the territorieti depending thereon in America &c, 

prayed our Grant & confirmati<m of a Certain tract of 
Land in our County of West Chester Bounded North- 
erly by the Mannor of Courtlandt Easterly with 
Bedford lane of three Miles Square the white fcilds 
& Byram River Southerly by the Land of John Har- 
rison Rye line Stretching to Byrani River afores'', & 
the White plains & Westerly by Bronckx river &th 
Mannor of phillipsburgh excepting out of the bounds 
aforesaid all thcLand within Richbills patent now in 
the tenure & Occupation of Coll Caleb Heathcote 
which first above named tract of Land was purchased 
by Caleb Heathcote & others with whom lie has 
agreed excepting James Mott & Henry Disbrowwhom 
he hath undertaken to Satisfy within wiiich bounds 
there are by Estimation about five thousand Acres 
of profitable Land besides Waste & Woodland which 
reasonable request we being willing to grant Knoii 
Ve that of our Special Grace certain knowledge & 
meer motion we have given granted ratified & con- 
firmed and by these presents do for us our heirs & 
Successors give grant ratify & confirm unto our Said 
Loving Subjects Robert Walters Leigh Attwood 
Cornelius Depeyster Caleb Heathcote M. Clarkson 
Jn° Chollwell Rich'' Slater Lancaster Symes Robert 
Lurting & Barne Cosens all the aforesaid tract of 
Land within our County of Westchester & within 
the limitts & bounds afores'' together with all and 
Singular the woods underwoods trees timber feedings 
pastures meadows marshes swamps ponds poolles 
waters water Courses rivers rivulets runs brooks 
Streams fishing (fowling hunting & hawking mines 
Mineralls (silver and Gold mines Excepted) and all 
other profitts benefitts priviledges Libertys advantages 
Hereditaments & Appurtenances whatsoever co the 
afores'' tract of Land within the limitts & bounds afores'' 
belonging or innywise appertaining To have and to 
hold all the aforesaid tract of Land together with all 
& Singular the woods underwoods trees timbers feed- 
ings pastures Meadows Marshes Swamps ponds pools 
waters water Courses Rivers Rivuletts runs brooks 
Streams fishing fowling Huuting and Hawking Mines 
Mineralls Silver and Gold mines Excepted & ail other 
profits benefits priviledges I^ibertys Advantages He- 
reditaments & appurtenances whatsoever to the afores'' 
tract of Land in this the Limitts & bounds afores'' 
belonging or in any way appertaining unto them the 
said Robert Walters Leigh Atwood Cornelius Depey- 
ster Caleb Heathcote Matthew Clarkson John Choll- 
well Richard Slater Lancaster Symes Rob' Lurting 
and Barne Cosens their heirs and assigns to the only 
proper use benefit & behoof of them the S'' Robert 
Leigh Attwood Cornelius Depeyster Caleb Heathcote 
M Clarkson, Jn°, Chollwell Lancaster Symes Richard 
Slater Robert Lurting & Barne Cosens their heirs & 
Assigns for ever 7b be Holdrn of us our heirs & Suc- 
cessors in free & Common Socage as of our Mannour 
of East Greenwich in our County of Kent within our 
Realm of England Yeilding rendering; & paying there- 
fore Yearly & every Year for ever at our City of New 



York unto us our heirs and Successors or to Such Of- 
ficer Or Oflicera as shall from time to time be im- 
powered to receive the same the Annual & Yearly 
rent of Six pounds five Shillings Current money of 
New York in Leiu & stead of all other rents dues 
duties Services demands w'aoever In Testimony where- 
of we have caused the great Seal of our said Prov- 
ince to be hereunto affixed Wititeit John Nanfan 
£^' our Leiu': Governour and Commander in 
Cheif of our province of New York & the territories 
depending thereon in America & Vice Admiral of the 
same &c at our ffort in New York the fourteenth day of 
ifeb^ A° 1701, & in the thirteenth Year of our Reign 
John Nanfan, By his Hon" Command M. Clarkson 

Sccry" Office N York Mar 22d 1733 
A true Copy from the Record 

fkred" Morris, D Secry 
Compared with the Record 

It will be noticed how carefully this patent by ex- 
press words excepted and preserved to Colonel Heath- 
cote his lands under the Richbell Patent, which in 
part were covered by its boundaries. The portion of 
this Patent in Bedford under the deed from Katonah 
above given, became the subject of controversy — 
and remained unsettled till 1771, when the dispute 
was finally terminated by the following mutual Agree- 
ment, the original of which is in the writer's pos- 

Agreement between the Proprietors o/ the West Patent 
and Becyord. 
" It is this day agreed between the proprietors of 
that part of the West Patent in Westchester County 
which was releiuied to the said proprietors by Caleb 
Fowler Benjamin Smith, & Joseph Sutton & the 
persons settled upon the same Lauds and claiming a 
title thereto under the Township of Bedford, that the 
whole matters in Dispute between the said parties, 
shall be submitted to the arbitration of Richard 
Willis & William .Seaman of Jerico, George Town- 
send of Norwich, Thomas Hicks, & Hendrick Onder- 
douk of the Township of Hempstead, & all of Queens 
County, Gent". That the whole matters Differ- 
ences in Dispute between the said parties shall be 
submitted to the determination of the said retTerees 
or any three or more of them without any Exception 
whatever. That Bonds shall be executed mutually 
each in the penall sum of £5000 New York Money ' to 
stand to the award of the said Refferees or any three 
or more of them. That the award shall be made and 
ready to be delivered to the parties or some of them 
on or before the first day of September next. That 
if the Arbitrators or any three or more of them shall 
award the Lands in Dispute to be the property of the 
proprietors claiming under the West Patent, then the 

> 12,a00 dolUn. 

said Reiferees or any three or more of them are to 
award what sum the persons claiming under Bedford 
are to pay by the acre for the said Lands and the 
West Patent proprietors are, upon payment thereof, 
to release all their right in the Lands to the persona 
claiming under Bedford, & shall warrant & Defend 
them .'^i. all persons claiming under the West Patent. 
The jiinproveraents are not to be valued, and if the 
RetTerees or any three or more of them award that 
the proprietors of the West Patent are not entitled to 
the Lands in Dispute but that the same are the prop- 
erty of the claimants under Bedford, then that the 
former shall release all their right to the latter of, 
in, and to, the Lands in Dispute. Dated this 27th 
day of March 1771, 

John Baru | 

David Clarkson \ in Behalf of the West 
Thomas Jones ' ) Patent Proprietors. 
James Wright I in Behalf of the claim- 
John Lawrence i ants under Bedford. 

Under this agreement the settlement was made, the 
Bedford people paying about eight shillings per acre, 
it is believed, for the land to the proprietors of the 
West Patent. 

A somewhat similar settlement had been made six 
years before, in 1765, by the Proprietors of the Mid- 
dle Patent, or "the Whitefields Patent" as it was 
often called, which adjoined the West Patent on the 
East, by a like arbitration with Samuel Banks and 
some twenty four others, who having bought the 
rights of two or three of the Patentees entered upon, 
and took possession of the whole of that Patent, the 
grant for which is as follows : 


{The Whitefieldt). 
" William the Third, by the grace of God, of Eng- 
land, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender 
of the Faith, &c., to all to whom these presents shall 
come or may concern, sendeth greeting : Whereas our 
loving subjects Col. Caleb Heathcote, Joseph Theal, 
John Horton, Joseph Purdy, Robert Walters, Leigh 
Atwood, Matthew Clarkson, Lancaster Sims, Cornelius 
Depeyster, Richard Slater, John Ghollwell, Robert 
Lurting, and Barne Cosens, have by their petition, 
presented unto our trusty and well beloved John Nan- 
fan, Esq., our Lieut. Governor and Commander-in- 
chief of our Province of New York and territories 
depending thereon in America, &c., and prayed our 
grant and confirmation of a certain tract of land in 
the county of Westchester, bounded southerly by the 
colony line of Connecticut, easterly by Mahanas 
river, northerly by Bedford line and marked trees to 
Mahanas river again, and southerly as the said river 

> Then recorder of New York, and Ister Judge of the Supreme Oourt, 
the Author of the Hiitorv of New York during the Kf volutlonsry War. 
He repreaentvd the Heathcote eaUto, bh wifa, Anna De Laneajr, being 
a granddaughter of Colonel Heathcote. 



goes against the stream to ye head of the said river, 
and so to the said colony line, which said tract of 
land on the 6th day of July last past, was by our said 
Caleb Heathcote, Joseph Theal, John Horton and 
Joseph Purdy, &c., purchased of the native proprie- 
tors, and containing within the limits aforesaid, by 
estimation, about 1500 acres of profitable land, be- 
sides wastes and wood lands, which reasonable request, 
we being willing to grant, know ye, that of our espe- 
cial grace, certain knowledge and mere motion, we 
have given, granted, ratified and confirmed, and by 
these presents doe for us, our heirs and successors, 
give, grant, ratify and confirm unto our said loving 
subjects, Col, Caleb Heathcote, Joseph Theal, John 
Horton, Joseph Purdy, Robert Walters, Lsigh At- 
wood, Matthew Clarkson, Lancaster tiims, Cornelius 
Depeyster, Richard Slater, John Chollwell, Robert 
Lurting and Barne Cosens, all the afore recited tract 
of land within the county of Westchester, and within 
the limits and bounds aforesaid, together with all and 
singular the woods, underwoods, trees, timber, feed- 
ings, pastures, meadows, marshes, swamps, ponds, 
pools, waters, water-courses, rivern, rivulets, runs, 
brooks, streams, fishing, fowling, hunting, hawking, 
&c., mines, minerals, &c., (silver and gold mines ex- 
cepted,) and all other profits, benefits, privileges, lib- 
erties, advantages, hereditaments and appurtenances 
whatsoever to the aforesaid tract of land, within the 
limits and bounds aforesaid, belonging or in any way 
or ways appertaining, unto them the said Colonel 
Caleb Heathcote, &c., <&c., their heirs and assigns to 
the only proper use, benefit and behoof of him the 
said Colonel Caleb Heathcote, &c., &c., their heirs 
and assigns for ever, to be holden of us, our heirs and 
successors, in free and common soccage as of our 
manor of East Greenwich in our county of Kent, 
within our realm of England, yielding, rendering, and 
paying therefor yearly and every year, on the first day 
of the Nativity of our Blessed Saviour, the annual 
yearly rent of one pound, seven nhillings and six- 
pence, current money of New York, in lieu and stead 
of all other rents, dues, duties, services and demands 
whatsoever. In testimony whereof, we have caused 
the great seal of our said Province to be hereunto af- 
fixed. Witness John Nanfan, Esq., our Lieutenant 
Governor and Commander-in-chief of our Province 
of New York and territories depending thereon in 
America, and Vice- Admiral of the same, at our Fort 
in New York, this 17th day of February, 1701-2, and 
in the fourteenth year of our reign.'' ' 

"John Nakfajj." 

This, the smallest of the three Great Patents, was 
held by its Patentees without a division of their 
interests till 1733, when the following appointment 
of Samuel Purdy to lay it out was made : 

"New York Aug. y". 20'": 1733. 

" We the Undersigned owners and Proprietors of a 

certain Tract of Land, Called Whitefeild' in the 
County of Westchester, Do authorize and appoint 
Samuel Purdy, Esq*, to Lay out and Divide the said 
Lands in Order To our coming to an Entire Division 
of the Same, to Each Respective Pattentee or his 
Witness our Hands 

James De Lancey 
D. Clarkson 
C. D'Peyster 
P. Fauconnier 
John Symes 
, Josiah Quimby. 

Memorand". for Justice Purdy to take Notice 
where the Division Line between Greenwich and 
Stamford falls upon the Colony Line. 

A true copy From y* Originall by 

Sam'. Purdy." > 

Mr. Purdy accepted the appointment and acted. 
He divided the Patent into two parts which he called 
the " East " and " West" Ranges, containing thirteen 
"Lotts " each. The number of acres in each is not 
now known, but the value of each lot is shown by the 
original list and valuation by Purdy, in the writer's 
possession, which is as follows : — 

An Estimate of the Lotts in Whitefield Fatten/. 

Kut Range. 

... 93 00 


Wen Range. 


73 00 


.. U3 no 


78 00 


.. 8.') 00 


H5 00 


... 85 00 



U5 00 


80 00 

96 00 


... &4 00 


92 00 


14 00 


77 00 


.. 44 UO 


77 00 

... 44 00 


84 00 


... 44 00 





88 00 


... 50 OU 

96 00 


.. 82 00 

100 00 


.. 72 00 

100 00 


£850 00 

£1189 00 
860 00 

£1989 00 

1 Book of Patent*, No. vll. 224, Sec. of State'a Office, Albnny. 

Pr nie 

Sam" Purdy. 

The names of the persons living on this Patent six 
years after Purdy's appointment above given were 
collected by Benjamin Fox of King Street and sent 
to Mr. Murray of New York, who was the lawyer and 
agent of some of the patentees. Under date of " King 
St. 8"' y' 7"", 1739," Fox writes Murray, " Inclosed 
have sent you the names of the People Possessed on 
the Whitefeild, or Middle Patent which have Indev- 
our* to colect as well as I could." The list which 
is on a separate paper, is as follows : 

'This name, aingularly enough is ao tpelled in all the old deeds anil 
documents. It should, of course, have been " Whitefleids." 

■ From an ancient copy in the writer's puaeesion, In ^muel Purdjr's 




John Finch 
John Briuh 
Bcnj Brush 
Bam" Peters 
Ebius Urouk 
Francis Purdy 
John Purdy * 

ThoB. Hutchins 
Thos. Meritt 
John Runells, Sen' 
John Runells Jun' 
Beiy. Piatt 
Jacob Finch 
Sam" Banks 
1'tinM »'i ->niiii. 

When, twenty-flve years later, the final settlement 
of 1765, between the patentees and the settlers above 
referred to, was made, the parties then in possession, 
whose names are recited in the award, were; — Sam" 
Banks, John Banks, Benoy Piatt, Jonathan Piatt, John 
Runnels, Jonathan Owens, John Rundle, John Arm- 
strong, Roger Sutherland, Smith Sutherland, Charles 
Green, Charles Green, Jun', David Bnindige, Walter 
Morris, Aaron Furman, Jun', Shubel Brush, James 
Bnindige, Stephen Edegett, Nehemiah Brundige, ' 
Abraham Knapp, Joshua Lounsbery, Daniel Brown, 
Jun', Fhinehas Knapp, Jeremiah Numau, Robert 
Murfee, Jeremiah Green. 

Some of these names appear in Fox's list of 1739, 
but only a few. 

The arbitrators in 1765 were: "Daniel Kissam, 
Samuel Townsend, George Weekes, Benjamin Tread- 
well and David Batty, all of Queens County" and 
their award dated October 6, 1765, recites that they, 
" having sat as arbitrators and heard the said disputes, 
and having deliberately heard, examined, and consid- 
ered all the proofs and allegations of the said Parties 
in Controversy, do for the settling peace and amity 
between them make this our award, order, arbitra- 
ment, determination, and judgment of and upon the 
Premises as Follows — First, We do award and order, 
that the said Anne De Lancey, John Bard, Pierre De- 
peyster, David Clarkson, Peter Remsen, and John 
Ogelbie, and all others who claim lands under the said 
Patent which are not already sold or conveyed to the 
persons now in possession of the said lands, or to 
those under whom they claim, or to some or one of 
them, shall and do upon demand execute and deliver 
in due form of law a release of all their rights and 
Titles of, in, and to, the lands specifyed in the said 
Letters Patent, to said Samuel Banks and the other 
persons above named who are now in possession of 
the said Lands, and to their heirs and assigns forever; 
and that the said Samuel Banks and the other per- 
sons above named, who are now in possession of the 
said Lands, shall and do upon the delivery of such 
Release pay unto the said Anne De Lancey and such 
other persons as are hereby ordered to Execute the 
said Release, the sum of nine Shillings New York 
money ' for every acre of said lands, which the said 
Samuel Banks and the other persons above named or 
those under whom they claim, or some or one of them, 
have not already purchased of some, or one, of the 

I Origliutl letter and llat in the writer'! pomnlon. 
-One dollar and twelve centn. 

patentees in the said letters Patent Named, or of 
those claiming under the said patentees, or some or 
one of them." ' 

The East Patent was granted March 2* 1701 to the 
same Patentees as the West Patent with the addition 
to their number of Peter Matthews of Bedford. Five 
days before, on the 25th of February in the same 
year, Katonah, Wakemane, and another Indian exe- 
cuted a deed of contirmation to the Patentees of their 
right and estate in the tract* in which they thus de- 
scribe, " bounded as foUoweth viz. Westward by Bed- 
ford, and by the patent granted to Caleb Ileathcoto 
and others," northerly by Coll. Cortlandt's purchase 
and Croton's river, southerly and easterly by the Col- 
ony lines." 

The patent itself in its general language is similar 
to those of the Wost and Middle Patents above set 
forth. It bounds the Tract granted in these words ; — 

The East Patent BouncU 
" Bounded South, by the division Line between 
New York and Connecticut, Eiist, by the other 
division Line between New York and Connec- 
ticut, and so along said Line untill it meets with 
the Patent of Adolf Philipse," and so along his 
southern bounds till it meets with the Manner 
of Cortlandt, and from thence by a Line that 
shall run upon a direct course untill it meets with the 
first easterly Line of twenty miles of thesaidMannor 
of Cortlandt, aud from thence along the said Line 
Westerly till it meets with the Patent granted to R. 
Walter and others,' thence southerly along the said 
Patent, untill it meets with the bounds of the Town- 
ship of Bedford, and thence round along said bounds 
until it meets with the Patent granted to Coll. Heath- 
cote and others, and" thence along the bounds of said 
Patent unto the Colony Line where it began," 

No attempt was made to settle this tract till about 
the year 1744, when parties from Stamford and its 
neighborhood acquired portions of land witl in its 

The area of these three great Patents, the " West," 
the " Middle," and the " East," was very much greater 
than is commonly supposed. The Patents themselves 
only give their respective areas in what those instru- 
ments term " profitable land," that is, land that could 
be easily cultivated. But as the greater part of north- 
ern and central Westchester abounded in high semi- 
mountainous ridges, rocky heights, and great forests, 
characteristics which to a large extent it still retains, 
the " profitable land " really bore but a small pro- 
portion to what was then deemed the unprofitable 
land. How very extensive these great patents really 

> From the original award itgned by all the arbitratora, in the writer's 

4 Book I. p. 100, Sec. uf State'a Offe. Albany. 

>The "Middle Patent." 

* Phillpae'i TTpper Patent, now Putnam County. 

> The Weit Patent. 
'The Middle falmt. 



were, will be seen from the following authentic state- 
ment : 

Peter Fauconnier, who was a surveyor, and as has 
been stated, an owner in all three patents, was, with 
Lancaster Symes, the active managers for the own- 
ers of all three patents. An account showing the 
amounts due from each owner, arran^ced under, the 
head of each Patent separately, dated in 1710, in the 
handwriting of Fauconnier is in the writer's posses- 
sion, and it shows that the three Patents together con- 
tained seventy thousand, 70,000, Acres of Land. The 
headings of the accounts of the three patents are 
these ; — 

" The first of the 3 Patents above mentioned con- 
taining about 30,000 acres of rough Land, between 10 
Patentees." ' 

" The Second of the 3 Patents here-above mentioned 
containing about 5000 acres of rough Land, between 
13 Patentees." '' 

" The Third of the 3 Patents here-above mentioned 
containing about 3r),000 acres of rough Land, between 
11 Patentees."' 

In a " statement of the three Patents " which has 
already been given, siiowing the dates of the Patents, 
the Patentees' names, and the boundaries granted by 
each, the areas of each are set down in what that doc- 
ument calls " Improvable Land," corresponding to 

' Tlio " Went Patent." 
3 The tliddlo Patent. 
» The " Gut Patent." 

the " Profitable Land '' of the Patents themselves. 
As will be seen, by referring to it, that document 
gives for the different Patents these areas ; — 

In the West Patent, 5,000 Acres Improvable Land, 
In the Middle Patent, 1,500 Acres Improvable Land, 
In the East Patent, 6,200 Acres Improvable Land, 
In all together, 12700 Acres Improvable Laud, which 
is not quite one sixth of the actual area of the terri- 
tory of the three Patents by Fauconnier's account. 

As the whole Manor of Cortlandt north of the Cro- 
ton River and east of the Hudson containing 5(Kio 
acres was only valued in 1732 at £962") or *25,()62,' 
and as the twenty six lots of the " Middle Patent " 
were only valued in 1733, at iXSm," or about $5,001), 
both valuations being made for the respective pro- 
prietors by the same man, Justice Samuel Purdy, 
and as the Patentees of the latter were only awarded 
nine shillings, one dollar and twelve cents, an acre, for 
their unsold lands in the same patent in 1765, a gen- 
eration later, it is easily seen how very little, was the 
actual value of the 70,000 acres of the three great pat- 
ents when they were granted, and during the lifetime 
of their original Patentees. These facts also show how 
careful we should always be in considering these mat- 
ters not to judge of estates in the 17th, and 18th, cen- 
turies in Westchester County, large or small, by the 
values of, either the early, or the latter part of the 
19th century. 

< Sw in Part 13, ante, p. \Xt. 
i> See ante, p. 88li. 

JhrY> £l.j:=^>^ cc^t^cA^-^^--^ 


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