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IIIU |||||Z2 
'CIS III 2.0 

1-4 IIIIII.6 













WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 872-4503 




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(Member of the Confereace.) 



: 1872. 



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For some years past I have thought that brief 
memorials of our early Missionaries and their suc- 
cessors, who have been called to the spirit-world 
from our midst, might prove a blessing to our 
Church,— especially to youthful ministers. 

Modern Methodism is largely indebted to the 
rich treasures of her early biographies. The obitu- 
ary list, at home and abroad, for more than a cen- 
tury ,^ — fragrant with sacred memorials of multitudes, 
both lay and ministerial, — is one of the best proofs 
of the fact that Methodism is a special work of God 
for the promotion of holiness in the earth. 

The remembrance of the holy lives of the happy 
dead, more numerous than the sainted living, is a 
constant source of encouragement to the people of 
God. As a branch of the Church of Christ, we have 
ever had cause to rejoice in three things : conver- 
sions , holy lives, and happy deaths. 

For the benefit of the living, I would place upon 





record a brief outKne of the Christian graces and 
faithful services of those men of God into whose 
labors we have entered ; assured that to many, 
especially to aged ones, the remembrance of their 
names will be most refreshing. v 

"Written memorials of those devoted preachers are 
in the possession of but few of our people, because 
of the very limited circulation of our official records* 
Our yearly Minutes of Conference and weekly 
paper should be found in all our fan^ilies. 

Perhaps some will be disappointed in not finding 
in these sketches the names of many truly excellent 
preachers, who once labored in these Provinces, but 
have died elsewhere. To inti-oduce all these would 
be but to enlarge this volume to an undue size. I 
doubt not but there are some among us who will 
never forget, with or \vithout written memorials, 
suph men as the amiable and sainted John Shaw, 
the faithful and devoted R. H. Crane, the eminently 
successful William Burt, the eloquent R. Cooney, 
and the model preacher and pastor, Robert Young. 

Personal acquaintance with at least twenty-seven 
of the brethren included in this volume enables me 


to speak with confidence respecting their ministerial 
ability and excellence. As regards the others, I 
have endeavored to obtain reliable information. To 
a complete set of the large reports of the Wesleyan 
Missionary Society, and to our official records, I 
have been much indebted for dates and outlines of 

I trust that these biographical sketches will lead 
to the preparation of a complete histoiy of the rise, 
progress, and present position of Methodism in the 
Maritime Provinces. Praying that the blessing of 
God may accompany this well-meant effort, I send it 
forth to perform its silent mission among a people 
who generally know how to appreciate their relig- 
ious privileges. 

G. 0. H. 








Avard, Adam Clarke. 


Averv, Bamuel 
Bamford, Btephen 
Bennett, WUlIain 




Black, William 


browncll, John B. 


Busbv, liJampHon 
Chesley, Robert A. 



Croscombe, William 


DesbriBay, Albert 


Duttoii, William 


Ellis, William 


Gaetz, Thomas 


Gaskin, Charles 


Holland, Henry 


Home, James 


Knight, iiichard 


Kuowlan, James 


Mann, John 


Mann, James 


Marshall, John 


Marshall, William 


Martin, Samuel 


McDonald, William 


McColl, Duncan 


McKinnon, William 


McMasters, SamuelJ 


McNutt, Arthur 


Millar, George 


Murray, William 


Bhenstone, W. S. 


Sleep, Peter 
Smithson, William 



Smith, William 


Snowball, John 


Strong, John B. 


Sutcliffe, Joseph 
Turner, Alfred W. 



Webb, William 


Wheelock, Jesse 


Williams, Richard 


Wilbon, William 


Winterbotham, John 

March 15, 1821. 
October 13, 1861. 
August 14, 1848. 
November 6, 1867. 
September 8, 1834. 
March 27, 1864. 
March 31, 1850. 
November 27, 1856. 
August 26, 1859. 
May 24, 1867. 

September 21, 1837. 
October 24, 1860. 
March 10, 1861. 
December 24, 1861. 
July 10, 1856. 
May 23, 1860. 
March 17, 1845. 
February 26, 1817. 
December 25, 1820. 
July 12, 1864. 
January 9, 1846. 
October 28, 1871. 
March 16, 1834. 
December 17, 1830. 
March 26, 1862. 
October 6, 1842. 
May 12, 1864. 
July 14, 1869. 
January 16, 1840. 
August 31, 1861. 
August 8, 1842. 
May 15, 1866 
February 21, 1863. 
September 13, 1871. 
May 16, 1870. 
September 30, 1887. 
February 27, 1871. 
July 4, 1847. 
May 18,1841. 
August 1, 1856. 
September 26, 1869. 
March 21, 1871. 

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The parents of A. C. Avard emigrated to P. E. 
Island from the Island of Guernsey in 1806, Adam 
being then about six years of age. They were 
Methodists of the olden type. Mr. Avard was a 
Local Preacher, highly respected and beloved for 
his many Christian excellencies. He lived to a good 
old age, full of love to God and true zeal for Meth- 
odism, which he always regarded as the special 
work of God, and died at last, as only the Christian 
can die, in the triumph of faith. 

His son commenced the study of law at Char- 
lottetown, and was progressing in a most pleasing 
manner in those studies, to which he was strongly 
inclined, and for which his talents seemed eminently 
adapted. But before the term of study had expired, 
an event took place which completely changed his 
course of life, and worldly anticipations. The cir- 




cumstances were these. A. young man, one of his 
most intimate associates, Albert Desbrisay, son of 
the Rector of the Parish, became deeply convinced 
of sin, and was earnestly seeking the favor of God ; 
while in this state of mind, he withdrew from the 
fellowship of the not immoral, but unconverted and 
worldly-minded, law student. This judicious and 
decided action of the penitent seeker of mercy led 
his former companion to reflect seriously on his own 
condition before God. In a short time he, as well 
as his friend, was found laboring under pungent 
convictions of sin. Both young men were led to 
Christ by the faithful ministry of the Rev. John 
Hick, — one to realize a short, the other a long, 
career of ministerial usefulness. 

For a short period after his conversion, Avard 
continued to pursue his legal studies. But power- 
ful convictions of duty in reference to a more im- 
portant calling induced him to renounce all for 
Jesus, and to become what was then regarded as not 
the most dignified style of man — a Methodist 
preacher. A year had scarcely elapsed before he 
delivered his first sermon from the words, " Suffer 
me to speak," Job xxi 3. Before two years had 
expired, he was a candidate for the regular ministry. 
For a part of a year he taught school in Murray 
Harbor, boarding in tho house with the Rev. Samp- 




|i of 


|od ; 








son Busby, whose very efficient ministry Christian 
sympathy and wise counsels were greatly ulessed to 
the youthful teacher and preacher. With the usual 
credentials, he appeared before the l^istrict Meeting 
held that year at Halifax, — was accepted, and ap- 
pointed to the Newport Circuit. Many souls were 
given him as his hii-e on that Circuit, most of whom^ 
like himself, have gone home to the spirit land. 
The next year we find him attending and taking 
part in the first and most remarkable protracted 
meeting ever held in this Province, — "The great 
meeting in Wilmot," which lasted several days, and 
resulted in bringing many to God. A sermon 
preached by Avard from the text, " I have a mes- 
sage from God unto thee," was attended with un- 
usual influence and power. The preachers present 
on that occasion were Messrs. Bennett, Ansl^y 
(Baptist), Priestly, Busby, Alder, Avard, and 

For a short time Mr. Avard labored at Shelburne, 
and in the midst of the most interesting intimations 
of coming prosperity, he was removed (unwisely it 
was thought by many at the timej, to supply a va- 
cancy in New Brunswick. He came to Freder- 
icton in 18f^0, and during that year was appointed 
by the British Conference to commence a mission at 
Labrador, among the Esquimaux. But death inter- 







vened. In the midst of extensive usefulness, he 
fiickened, and died on the 15th March, 1821. A 
marble slab with an appropriate inscription marks 
his earthb'' resting place in the cemetery at Fred- 
ericton. But a nobler record is on high. 

He was eminent for almost every excellence 
desirable in a Christian minister. Humble, yet 
dignified ; zealous but cautious ; social yet serious . 
blending beautifully the wisdom of the serpent with 
the harmlessness of the dove. Evangelical in doc- 
trine, earnest in manner, with a pleasing styJ'i; and 
most benignant countenance, we are not surprised 
that he was very popular and useful. Many pleas- 
ing reminiscences, too numerous and lengthy to be 
inserted in this memorial, were brought before the 
attention of the writer, in 1866, by the father of our 
present book-steward, T. Pickard, Esq., at whose 
house the sainted Avard resided during his minis- 
terial sojourn in Fredericton. 

** I know thou hast gone where thy forehead is starred 

With the beauty that dwelt in thy soul, 
Where the light of thy loveliness cannot be marred, 

Nor the heart be flung back from its goal. 
I know thou hast drunk of the Lethe that flows 

Through a land where they do j»ot forget. 
That sheds over memory only repose. 

And takes from it only regret." 




Samuel Avery was a native of Lower Horton, 
Nova Scotia. Trained up by God-fearing parents, 
he was religiously inclined from his youth ; yet he 
felt in early life the necessity of a divine change in 
order to serve God with acceptance on earth, as well 
as to fit him for heavenly society hereafter. Living 
in the midst of evangelical influences, he was led 
gradually first to Jesus, then to the fold of Metho- 
dism. For some time he hesitated to enter the ranks 
of the ministry, fearing that he should run before 
he was sent. After much deliberate thought, prayer, 
and consultation with christian Ministers, he was 
led to conclude that his ^ rovidential path lay in that 
direction. To equip himself for the arduous work, 
he deUyed not to seek the literary advantages of the 
Sackville Institution. There he grew in grace as 
well as in wisdom, because his studies were all sanc- 
tified by devotion and prayer. He applied himself 
diligently, and succeeded admirably. But his com- 
mendable ambition was somewhat checked by evi- 
dent indications that the physical constitution was 
less robust than the mental. He entered upon his 





ministerial duties with great devoutness of spirit, 
tenderness of conscience, ancf holy resolves to be 
useful in the vineyard. Nor did he live and toil in 
vain. His pulpit efforts indicated much thought, 
clear views of biblical truth, and an ardent desire to 
produce immediate results. His natural amiability, 
sanctified by grace, rendered him popular and useful 
in his pastoral work among the people of his charge. 
Holiness to the Lord was his motto. Natural, ac- 
quired, and spiritual energies were all expended 
without regret, in extending the influences of the 
gospel. While a lover of truth and piety wherever 
he beheld them, he was ardently' attached to the 
chTirch of his choice, regarding her as eminently 
adapted to promote the glory of God, and the best 
interests of man. 

During the four years and a-half of his active 
ministry, his labors were expended chiefly on the 
Wilmot and Shelburne Ciicuits. In 1861 failing 
health induced him to seek a supernumerary relation. 
Shortly after the conference of 1861 he was the 
subject of an alarming hemorrhage of the lungs, 
attended with great pain, and agonizing suffering. 
Yet he bore all with meek acquiescence to the Divine 
will. His confidence in God remained unshaken 
during his protracted illness. A short time before 
his departure, the Lord manifested himself to him in 



a glorious and triumphant manner. He exclaimed, 
" Is this death ? I have had a view of the promised 
land, — I am going home — going home to die no 
more, Hallelujah ! Praise the Lord." Thus passed 
away to the Paradise of God, on the 13th October, 
1861, in the twenty-ninth year of his age, and sev- 
enth of his ministry, the sainted Avery of precious 

♦♦ The saints that seem to die, in earth's rude strife, 
Only win double life ; 
They have but left our weary ways, 
To live in memory here, in Heaven by love and praise." 



Stephen Bamfoed was born near Nottingham, 
England, in the year 1770. When quite a youth, 
he enlisted in the Twenty-Ninth Regiment of Foot. 
In 1793 we find him with the Duke of York in 
Holland, where there was much fighting. Sometime 
after this he was in a naval engagement, and subse- 
quently in the West Indies at the taking of some of 




the Islands. It was wliile in one of these Islands 
that he came very near losing his life by his brav- 
ery — rather rashness. In the midst of a skirmish, a 
soldier threw down his musket. Mr. Bamford im- 
mediately took it up and fired at the enemy, and was 
shot in the breast in return. The ball, strange to 
say, passed through his body without taking his 
life. He was accustomed in after life often to refer 
to the kind providence of God in preserving his life 
when hr was utterly unprepared to die. 

In 1798 h.e assisted in quelling the great rebellion 
in Ireland. The regiment with which he was con- 
nected was very successful in saving the lives of 
many Protestants, and repulsing the cruel rebel 
leaders. In 1799 he married a very excellent 
woman, who proved to be an help-meet indeed. He 
was passionately fond of music, and having some 
acquaintance with the art, he soon after joining him- 
self to the army obtained a position in the Band, — 
the duties of which he discharged with great accept- 
ance and efficiency during his whole military career. 
While in Ireland he was arrested by Divine truth 
while listening to a sermon delivered by a Metho- 
dist preacher. With a broken heart, he earnestly 
sought Him who alone can " bind up the broken- 
hearted.^' Nor did he seek in vain. The conscious 
pardon was granted, making his soul very happy. 




He soon began to tell others of the dear Saviour he 
had found. Thus constrained by the love of Christ, 
he soon found his way into the local preacher's 
ranks. Iii 1S02 the Twenty-Ninth Regiment was 
stationed at Devonport (formerly Plymouth Eock), 
where he enjoyed the intimate fiiendship of the 
eminently holy and eloquent Rev. Samuel Bradbum, 
who greatly encouraged him in his evangelistic 
efforts, in the army and elsewhere. 

It was while in this place that a little boy named 
Burt was Jed by his father to hear the soldier 
preach, and not to hear in vain. That boy became 
the holy and useful Rev William Burt, of precious 
memory in these Provinces, where he often had 
pleasing interviews with Mr. Bamford. The friend- 
ship between these two servants of God was like 
that of David and Jonathan, undying in its nature. 

About the year 1804, Mr. Bamford came with 
the regiment to Halifax, where he continued his 
zealous labours as a local preacher. It was a novel, 
yet interesting sight, to the worshippers in the Ar- 
gyle Street Chapel, to see a man in uniform preach- 
ing the glorious Gospel. To the spiritually-minded 
at Halifax, it appeared very eviJent that this soldier, 
full of holy zeal, original thought and pleasing 

utterance, was designed by the Head of the Church 
for the full work of the ministry. Accordingly, 






arrangements were quickly made by which he was 
honorably discharged from his military engagements 
In the usual way he sought and obtained admission 
to the ranks of the ministry, and entered upon the 
duties of his first circuit in 1806. For twenty- 
eight years he travelled and preached with great 
success on many of the most important circuits in 
the Maritime Provinces. Halifax, St. John (twice)v 
Charlottetown, Windsor, Horton, Liverpool, Cum- 
berland, Remsheg (since called Wallace), and An- 
napolis, enjoyed the benefit of his early and success- 
ful ministry. His last circuit was Windsor. Having 
obtained leave of the Missionary Committee in Lon- 
don, he returned to England, and attended the t'on. 
ference held in Birmingham in 1836. After visiting | 
his native place, and finding that the acquaintances 
of early life had passed away, he felt that his adopted 
country, where he had so many seals to his ministry^ 
was more like home than even dear old England. 
He returned, and, becoming supernumerary, settled 
for a time among his attached friends at St. John, 
N, B. Subsequently he removed, and fixed his 
permanent residence in the beautiful, quiet little 
town of Digby. Here he rendered very efiicient aid 
to the cause of Methodism, Avhich was small in those 
days. By his public labors, as long as he could 
possibly work, and by the pleasing exhibition of 





private virtues, he endeared himself greatly to the 
people of God. During the united District Meeting 
at Sackville in 1847, the writer had the first and 
only interview with this man of God. He referred 
with emotions of pleasure to the scenes of his early 
ipinisterial labors on what is now called the Wallace 
Circuit, and seemed delighted to recognize in the 
true succession the grandson of one of his most 
devoted helpers on that circuit. His remarkable 
prayer at that District Meeting will never be forgot- 
ten by those who heard it. It was original, quaint, 
earnest, touching, and sublimely simple. He died 
as he had lived — happy in the I^ord — on the 14th 
August, 1848, in the 77th year of his age and the 
41st of his ministry. 

As a preacher he excelled. There was about his 
, sermons and addresses an unusual degree of origin- 
ality, raciness, sweetness and unction. Very few of 
his hearers could remain unmoved under his pathetic 
and intelligent appeals, and still fewer enjoy a 
refreshing half hour in gentle slumber. If ever 
humor was sanctified and employed in the further- 
ance of the Gospel, it was in the ministry of this 
Brother. If sometimes, in the eccentric play of his 
luxuriant imagination, there seemed to be too near 
an approach to the ridiculous, his naturalness^ sym- 
pathy, earnestness and holy fervor dissipated the 





gathering idea. Occasionally a smile irradiated 
every face in the congregation, but more frequently 
penitential tears bedewed the cheeks. His sermons 
were his own as fully as it is possible for man's dis- 
courses to be such. No man can preach entirely 
original sermons, even though he endeavors to prac- 
tice total abstinence in reference to plagiarism* 
Many pulpit orations of this age have been moulded 
and fashioned by nobler brains than those possess 
who preach them But no preacher among us has 
ever attempted to copy Brother Bamford's style. 
His preaching was unique in ingenuity of thought, 
aptness in illustration and religious quaintness. On 
one occasion, while preaching on the original trans- 
gression, when referring to the excuse of Adam in 
laying the blame on Eve, he intimated that Adam 
was a great coward ; and with apparent indignation 
declared, *' Had it been my case, I would not have 
blamed my Jane." (his wife.) On a marriage occa- 
sion, while offering prayer on behalf of the newly 
affianced couple, he intimated that probably causes 
of anger would arise during the journey of life to- 
gether, and therefore besought the Hearer of prayer 
that they might never both get angry at the same time, 

" Placid and calm on Jt'tius' breast reclining, 
In swift transition to the realms of bliss, 
Among God's stars of ^lory ever shining, 
Thev "'^" nj'^i I.. " ; " 





William Bennett was born in England in 1770. 
After becoming a partaker of saving grace, impelled 
by a conviction that he was called to preach the 
everlasting Gospel, he offered himself to the Mis- 
sionary committee, and was sent out as a Missionary 
to Nova Scotia in 1800. There were at that time 
in the whole of British North America only three 
Wesleyan Methodist preachers besides himself. It 
was indeed the day of small things. Yet God was 
with the little band of workers, and gave them large 
success. Mr. Bennett began his ministerial work 
with great ardor and simplicity, and for twenty years 
travelled and preached almost incessantly. The 
sparse settlements of Cumberland county, with its 
almost impassable roads, where Methodism origi- 
nated in the Province, witnessed some of his earliest 
energetic efforts In the forests of Hants — the 
valley of Annapolis — along the rocky southern shore 
— in the Province of New Brunswick, and in our 
rising towns, he carefully watched over the little 
flocks that had been gathered into the fold under the 
ministry of Mr. Black, John and James Mann. — 






Multitudes were also brought to God, and formed 
into societies by his faithful ministry. The magni- 
tude of the labors of this and other veterans of that 
period would appall maay refined, dyspeptic evan- 
gelists of our day. 

Mr. Bennett was an eminently trustworthy min- 
ister of Christ, a lover of good men, — strongly 
attached to his brethren, and to the interests of 
Methodism. He was entrusted for some years with 
the general oversight of the work of God in the 
Lower Colonies. The official duties thus involved 
were faithfully discharged to the best of his ability. 

Becoming a supernumerary, in consequence of 
failing health, in 1820, he still continued to mani- 
fest a deep interest in the cause of God ; preaching 
frequently for some years in Newport, and after- 
wards as chaplain of the Provincial Penitentiaiy at 
Halifax. He was deeply devoted to God — hence 
remarkable for power or unction in prayer. Many 
of these outpourings of heart are still remembered 
with gratitude to God. We gladly record the fact, 
for the benefit of modern preachers, that in his days 
of activity and strength, his success in winning souls 
to Christ was owing quite as much to his pas .>ral 
eflfbrts, as to his pulpit utterances. We have in this 
our day preachers in abundance, whose sermons are 
equal, yea superior, as regards variety of truths 








logical argument, and earnest appeals, to those of 
the early Methodist ministers, but I fear they sur- 
passed us in the wayside and fireside admonition, and 
solemn entreaty. Let us repent and do the first 
works. Mr. Bennett was a great sufferer in his last 
days ; but he patiently endured the trial, assured that 
all things work together for good to them that love 

Two days before his death, consciousness returned 
after a long absence. He was thus enabled to give 
to the superintendent of the Halifax circuit a most 
delightful assurance of his faith and hope in God. 
He passed away from loved ones to the better 
country, on Friday, Nov. 6, 1858, in the 88th year 
of his age, and 57th of his ministry. 

" How blest the righteous when he dies 1 

When sinks a weary soul to rest. 
How mildly beam the closing eyes ; 

How gently heaves the expiring breath I 
So fades a summer cloud away ; 
» So sinks the gale when storms are o'er, 

So gently shuts the eye of day ; 

So dies a wave along the shore.** 



' I 





William Black was born in Huddersfield, Eng- 
land, in 1760. In his fourteenth year he emigrated 
with his parents to Nova Scotia, and settled at Am- 
herst, in the County of Cumberland. He was 
awakened and converted to God in 1779, in connec- 
tion with pr.iyer meetiugs conducted by a few 
Methodists recently from England. He soon after 
began to be very useful in exercising his gifts in 
prayer and exhortation. Remarkable influences of 
grace attended the services in which he engaged 
until it became evident that God had called him to 
the work of an evangelist. He began his labors in 
the immediate neighborhood of his adopted home, 
and thence gradually extended them to various lo- 
calities throughout the Province of Nova Scotia. In 
every place where sinners were converted, he 
adopted Mr. Wesley's plan of establishing class 
meetings, thus organizing Methodism on its proper 

In M ly, 1783, for the first time, he visited Wind- 
sor, and during the same month preached in Corn- 
wallis where he visited a sick woman, who thought 

. II 



she had a great stock of good deeds to build upon. 
He says, " I endeavored to convince her of the 
necessity of a new birth, but all in vain ; I offered to 
pray with her, but she refused." Returning to 
Windiior, he tarried a short time at Falmouth, where 
he met some of the converts of the eccentric Henry 
Allen, called Newlights. Mr. Allen for some time 
had been travelling through the Province proclaim- 
ing with energy and marvellous success the neces- 
sity and importance of experimental religion. Many, 
doubtless, were converted to God through his in- 
strumentality. But in many cases, Antinomian 
errors becoming mingled with Gospel truth, the 
work he effected was greatly marred. 

In June Mr. Black reached Halifax, and deliv- 
ered the Gospel message to a small congregation, 
some of whom, he observes, " seemed to care for 
none of those things." Before he left the place, a 
few were awakened, and two backsliders reclaimed. 
Some of the meetings were greatly disturbed by 
the rage and violence of persecutors. In a few 
weeks after we find him at Annapolis, Horton, and 
again at Cornwallis, preaching amid thrilling scenes 
of God's saving power. At Cornwallis he says, 
" we held our first watch-night at Nathaniel Smith's. 
Such a meeting as this I never saw before, except 
at Amherst. O, what a noise and shaking among the 
dry bones." 





During the next year (1783) he visited Lunen- 
burg, Liverpool, and Shelburne, the Lord giving 
him seals to his ministry in every place. In Shel- 
burne he narrowly escaped death. " While preach- 
ing, a man from the skirts of the congregation thiew 
a stone with great violence, but as I saw it come, I 
saved my head, and it just passed by my temples." 
" An apparent gentleman also greatly disturbed the 
meeting by cursing and swearing, and threatening 
vengeance on the preacher." He speaks of a great 
revival at Birch town, near Shelburne, among the 
colored people. " Upwards of sixty profess to have 
found the pearl of great price, within six or eight 
months ; and what is farther remarkable, the chief 
instrument whom God hath employed in this work 
is a poor negro, who can neither see, walk, nor stand." 
Most of those people, about eight years after this 
revival, were sent by the British Government to 
Sierre Leone in Africa. And thus Methodism was 
introduced into that benighted region, where a large 
harvest of souls has already been realized. 

Tn October he made his first visit to Chai'lotte- 
i v^n, P. E. L, but did not see much to encourage 
him. The people, he observes, " appeared stupid 
and senseless as stones, altogether ignorant of the 
nature of true religion." A wonderful change for 
the better has taken place since. 



In September 1784 he visited the United States 
in order to obtain preachers to assist in carrying on 
the work of God so auspiciously commenced in the 
Provinces. Met Dr. Coke and Mr. Asbury in 
December. Attended the conference, and two men, 
Garrettson and Cromwell, were appointed to Nova 
Scotia. At Boston he tarried for nearly three months, 
preaching incessantly, and not without encouraging 
results; thus. establishing Methodism in that city 
before any other Methodist preacher had preached 
there. Returning to the Provinces he continued 
travelling, preaching, and forming societies in various 

In 1791, he visited Newfoundland. It was a 
providential visit. For twenty-five years the Island 
had enjoyed the ministrations of a few Methodist 
preachers. But the cause had not greatly prospered. 
Serious thoughts of abandoning the mission were 
now entertained by the Missionary who had charge 
of the whole Island. But a glorious revival com- 
menced during Mr. Black's first sermon, which re- 
sulted in the conversion of hundreds, and gave a 
new impetus to the cause there, which has been felt 
ever since. 

Shortly after this, Mr. Black was appointed, by 
Dr. Coke, superintendent of the flourishing missions 
in the West Indies. But he could not be spared 

>' 'i 





i;'iii I. 

from the work in Nova Scotia. Once only he visited 
the West Indies. In 1812 his name appears among 
the supei'numeraries, yet still he travelled and 
preached as his health permitted, for many years. 
His labors were, however, chiefly expended at Hali- 
fax, where the cause greatly prospered. His course 
on earth terminated in 1834. When the Rev. R. 
Knight, who attended him in his last moments, on 
one occasion referred to his long and useful life, he 
said very impressively, " Leave all that : say no 
more,, all is well ; all is peace, no fear, no doubt.*' 
His last words were " give my firewall blessing to 
your family, and to the society ; and God bless you. 
All is well." 

Mr. Knight, in speaking • of the ministerial cha- 
racter of Mr. Black, observes, " He was well ac- 
quainted with human nature ; possessed a longing 
desire for the salvation of souls ; was faithful, aflfec- 
tionate, and assiduous. In short, he had all those 
qualifications which never fail to make a minister 
respected, beloved, and useful." 

The Minutes of the British Conference for 1835 
thus speak of him, " To the work of the ministry 
he brought a constitution of more than ordinary 
strength ; a sound, discriminating judgment ; an 
earnest desire for useful knowledge ; an enlightened 
zeal for the glory of God, and a fixed purpose of 
mind to seek and save the souls of men." 



To the Kev. Wm. Black more than to any other 
man is Nova Scotia indebted for its Methodism. He 
was evidently a special man for a special purpose. 
His sermons were always fragrant with evangelical 
odors of truth, delivered in a very familiar, j'et 
impressive manner ; and what is most important, 
accompanied with such an amount of heavenly in- 
fluence, as to arrest, not only the attention, but to 
convince the judgment, and move the heart. No 
record is given of the number of souls converted 
through his instrumentality during the fifty years of 
his ministry. It was doubtless very large. To this 
day we sometimes meet with aged persons, in various 
branches of the church, who willingly testify that 
they were awakened and brought to God through 
his preaching. The influences of Methodism for 
good are not bounded by its own denominational 
lines. To God be all the glory. 

'^ Death cannot claim the immortal mind: 
Let earth close o'er its sacred trust, 
Yet goodness dies not in the dust." 


■^nf ■ 





While stationed in the city of Fredericton in 1864, 
some phases of ministerial life, character, and influ- 
ence came before the mind of the writer, producing^ 
impressions, convictions, and high moral resolves of 
a most salutary character, — a supernumerary minis- 
ter in the furnace of affliction, testing in agony and 
death the truths he had long preached. Six months 
of almost uninterrupted physical anguish is a sore 
trial for humanity. Yet during the whole period 
the sufferer was divinely enabled to acquiesce in the 
will of God. Not a murmuring word escaped his 
lips. Though the fire burned fiercely the gold was 
not consumed. The refiner of silver purified this 
son of Levi, until the image of the Master shone 
distinctly in the servant. In those hallowed inter- 
views with this afflicted, yet happy brother in 
Christ, we often felt that 


The fountain of joy is fed by tears, 
And love is lit by the breath of sighs ; 

The deepest grief and the wildest fears 
Haue holiest ministries." 

John B» Brownell, son of the Rev. John Brown- 
ell, an English missionary, was born in St. Kitts 



We^t Indies, October 29th, 1802. Converted in 
his fourteenth year, while attending the Eangswood 
School, he had thoughts of the ministry from that 
time. He did not, however, enter the work until 
the year 1826. He labored five years in the West 
Indies, then in the Island of Malta, where he was 
very useful. Afterwards, in Canada, the Bermudas, 
and in these Provinces, he faithfully discharged the 
important duties of a Wesleyan minister, until the 
year 1861, when he reluctantly became a supernu- 
merary. Three years from that period had scarcely 
elapsed, when, after the severe affliction alluded to, 
he was called, on Easter morning, March 27, 1864, 
in the thirty-seventh year of his ministry, " from a 
suffering church beneath to a reigning chur(^ 

His attainments in scholarship, and general quali- 
fications for the sacred office, were highly respect- 
able. His piety was intelligent, mellow, and de- 
cided. In unfaihng attention to private prayer, 
devotioaal reading of the Scriptures, the discharge 
of social and official duties, and in sacredly devoting 
to religious and charitable objects one-tenth of his 
income, he was conscientious and faithful. He was 
a superior preacher, diligent pastor, and good ser» 
monizer. A score of his manuscript sermons, now 
in possession of the writer, indicate very careful 





preparation, logical thinking, singleness of aim,^and 
an extensive acquaintance with the Word of God. 
The execution of these manuscripts as regards style, 
penmanship, orthography, and punctuation, are truly 
models of excellence rarely to be seen. A few cop- 
ies of these model sermons will be cheerfully dis- 
pensed, on application, to those brethren, lay and 
clerical, whose chirography, grammatical delinquen- 
cies, and other literaiy deficiencies, infringe seriously 
upon the precious time of our Editor. 

Mr. Brownell, like the rest of his brethren, was 
not free from various infirmities, but no valuable end 
would be answered by an attempt to exhibit these. 
The pen of inspiration alone is safe in recording the 
errors of saints. 

" We live in deeds, not years — in thoughts, not breaths — 
In feelings, not in figures on a dial ; 
We should count tim« by heart-throbs. He nio»t lives 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, ads the best." 

I ■ )■ 


Many persons in Newfoundland, and in these 
Provinces, remember with grateful emotions, though 
many years have elapsed since his removal from 
earth, the name and character of the Rev. S. Busby. 
He was bom in Rainton, Yorkshire, England, on 



the 16th February, 1790. His parents were mem- 
bers of the Established Church, and carefully trained 
their children in the forms and principles of that 
communion. Early in life these parental instruc- 
tions were productive of many serious impressions, 
which, however, did not result in conversion in the 
case of Sampson, but evidently prepared his mind 
for clearer views of evangelical truth, which were 
brought before his attention by the preaching of 
Methodist ministers. He saw his lost condition as a 
sinner, and soon found peace with God, through 
faith in the Lord Jesus. Under the promptings of 
the new nature, he soon began to exercise his gifts 
and graces as a prayer leader, exhorter, and local 

After reception into the regular work, in the usual 
manner, he was employed for a few months in the 
Luton circuit. Having offered himself as a Mis- 
sionary, he went up to London, and was ordained in 
1812 by that eminent man of .God, Dr. Coke. He 
began his labors in Newfoundland in 1813, where 
he remained four years. Large success attended his 
ministry in that Island. P. E. Island also enjoyed 
his efficient services for a short time. But the 
greater portion of his ministerial life (29 years) was 
spent in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. He was 
eminently useful in the Provinces. Many of our Cir- 






ill II 

cuits to this day retain in their membership the seals 
of his ministry. A commanding form, pleasing ad- 
dress, affable manner, good preaching ability, un- 
flinching integrity, and devout spirit rendered him a 
general favorite. By a personal interview, when 
he was stationed at Point De Bute, the writer be- 
came favorably impressed with the Christian virtues 
and Methodistic amiability of Mr. Busby. 

In his last moments he was graciously sustained 
and comforted by the felt presence of Jesus, and the 
conscious enjoyment of " perfect love," which 
" casteth out fear." He passed from " things 
temporal," to " things eternal," on Easter Sunday, 
March 81, 1850, in the 61st year of his age, and 
the 38th of his ministry. 

** Simple, grave, sincere; 
In doctrine uncorrupt; in language plain. 
And plain in manner; decent, solemn, chaste, 
And natural in gesture ; mucU impressed 
Himself, as conscious of his awful charge. 
And anxious mainly that the flock he feeds 
May feel it too ; affectionate in look, 
And tender in address, as well becomes 
A messenger of grace to guilty man." 









Robert A. Chesley was a native of Granville, 
Nova Scotia. He was born in the .year 1816, and 
born again in 1839. Like all truly converted per- 
sons, he cherished an ardent desire for the salvation 
of sinners, and, in obedience to the Divine impulse, 
sought in every possible way to bring them to God. 
But in addition to this legitimate Christian feeling, 
he became impressed with the conviction that it was 
his duty to devote himself wholly to the work of the 
ministry. This conviction of soul became more in- 
tense and clear, as he advanced in the Divine life, 
and endeavored to use, in such exercises as Meth- 
odism affords to laymen, the grace already be- 
stowed. A real call to the ministry is ascertained, 
not so much by waiting as by working in the vine- 
yard. The Lord drew him and he followed on until 
he occupied the sacred desk. Here, his efforts at 
first were not very promising, but his profiting 
soon appeared to all. He loved the work, and after 
a time excelled in it. Physically and mentally 
robust and energetic, he engaged in the duties of the 
holy calling with uncommon ardor. His piety was 



.1' I ' 

■:l : 

of the most devoted, ardent, and symmetrical type. 
This, in connection with diligent study, careful ob- 
servation, and extensive reading, rendered him an 
able minister of the New Testament. In his ser- 
mons he always gave great prominence to the cardi- 
nal doctrines of the gospel. And while the univer- 
sal atonement was, in his estimation, the central 
truth of Christianity, he failed not to exhibit those 
clusters of Christian graces which flow from it, and 
form, in each believer, the earthly portion of the 
glory that follows the sufferings of the God-man. — 
He loved the institutions of Methodism, and actively 
endeavored to maintain them in all their efficiency. 
Especially did he labor to circulate her well ar- 
ranged hterature. Many useful books were thus 
scattered through the circuits on which he toiled. 
As a writer, and defender of evangelical principles, 
and scriptural practices, his occasional articles in the 
Wesleyan eihibited mental power, raciness, and 
argument indicative of a superior mind. But the 
constant preaching, pastoral duties, and frequent re- 
movals of Methodist ministers are not favorable to 
the cultivation of literary talent. Nor is it neces- 
sary in all cases. The most literary in general are 
not visibly the most useful. The best written com- 
position, when read or recited, fails to produce upon 



hearers generally the same effect accomplished by 
the living orator when delivering similar truths in 
sentences less beautifully arranged. As preachers, 
we have more to do in preaching than in writing 
the Gospel, or in inging it, though that may often 
be an effective way of presenting it. Our hymns 
well sung prove this. 

Mr. Chesley spent most of his ministerial life in 
New Brunswick. His last circuit, however, was 
St. John's, Newfoundland. He entered upon the 
duties of that important charge with enlarged expec- 
tations, and holy ambition to be as useful as possible ; 
and during the few months that he spent there, he 
not only won the esteem and affection of multitudes, 
but was very successful in accomplishing the objects 
of the ministry. 

In consequence of excessive toil and exposure, he 
took cold, and fever following, he was soon pros- 
trated. But in the midst of affliction's waves, he 
was divinely upheld. His mind was kept in peace. 
He was not afraid of Jordan's sullen stream. One 
week of suffering, and life's joys and conflicts on 
earth were ended. This event took place Novem- 
ber S7th, 1856. Great sorrow was manifested in 
St. John's when the tidings were circulated that 
the talented, amiable, and useful R. A. Chesley was 



no more. Sympathy, both mental and material, was 
shown to his widow and family by the affectionate 
people among whom he died. 

** When life's last pulses wane, 

Jesus be noar; 
My sinking heart sustain ; 

Banish my fear. 
To Thee my hands shall cling, 

Of Thee my lips shall sing ; 
My soul in glory bring 

Nearer to Thee." 

,"l li 

HI 'I 


William Croscombe was born at Tiverton, Eng- 
land^ in 178 <, four years before the death of the 
Rev. John Wesley. In his twentieth year, having 
experienced religion, he yielded speedily to his 
convictions of duty, and began to call sinners to 
repentance. Accepted as a minister in 1810, and 
afterwards sent forth as a missionary, he arrived in 
Nova Scotia in the month of April, 1812. After 
seven years of very arduous and successful toil in 
this country, he returned and labored two years in 
England. 1 hence he went to Gibraltar, where he 


• I 




spent three years. Again he crossed the Athuitic, 
and came to Newfoundland. Next we find him in 
Hahfax, and subsequently in Canada and New 
Brunswick, filling with great acceptance, fidelity, 
and efficiency the pulpits of our most important 

Most of his time, however, including eight years 
of supernumerary life, were spent in Nova Scotia. 
He was emphatically an active disciple of the indus- 
trious Jesus. Fervent in spirit, earnest in manner, 
always devoted to his proper work, incessant travel- 
ling and preaching seemed his delight ; doubtless 
because he made his "duty his delight." The 
records of District books testify that the average 
number of sermons delivered by him weekly ^ as 
not exceeded by any of his brethren. The writer 
has often heard the response to the question on this 
subject from the lips of our departed brother, 
" Five to six times." Hear it, ye modern 
workers, who think three times a week very ex- 
hausting ! How few of us can perform the work 
of our fathers in the ministry ! 

Exceedingly attached to his brethren, he loved 
their society, and ever sought to make ministerial 
interviews seasons of spiritual profit. Eminently 
holy, he was eminently successful in winning souls 
to Jesus. No man could be long in his society 




lit |lll. 



' III! I 


• !iii 

without perceiving that he was a man of one business, 
completely engrossed with the great work. The 
total abstinence reform shared largely in his sympa- 
thic 5 and labors, regarding it as he did as one of the 
instrumentalities of Christianity to save the world 
from the curse of intemperance. The writer, pre- 
vious to his connection with the order of " Sons of 
Temperance," consulted Father Croscombe on the 
subject, and, being advised thereto, united with that 
organization in 1'*'48, — ^nor has he yet had cause to 
regret the step then taken. In his preaching they 
were not overpowering bursts of eloquence, rhetori- 
cal figures, scholastic criticism, sonorous voice, and 
beauty of diction, that kept the attention of his 
hearers, — awakened and edified, it was holy earnest- 
ness, enunciating vital truths in plain words, 
electrified with the Spirit of God, that produced 
those ejffects. As a pastor he excelled ; his visits 
were not, as too oft they are in these drys of pro- 
gress and refinement, merely fashionable calls, occa- 
sionally tapered oflf with a few words of general 
prayer. Children as well as adults felt that, while 
he was there, a man of God was in the house. If 
at times, on those occasions, he conversed about 
worldly things, it was only to prepare the way for 
the reception of the spiritual message. Nor did he 
visit the wealthy ten times oftener than the poor. 



In his character were beautifully blended genu- 
ine humility and true dignity, perfect love and 
perfect hatred, firmness and kindness, zeal and 
prudence. Probably no missionary in these Pro- 
vinces witnessed so many revivals as did the 
sainted Croscombe. In almost every part of the 
Province, fragrant memories gather around the hearts 
of the older members. of our church, whenever his 
name is mentioned. Many have said to the writer, 
" the first Methodist sermon we ever heard was 
from the lips of the Rev. Mr. Croscombe." By his 
labors, scores, now on the verge of Jordan, waiting 
for the word to cross ove?', were first led to Jesus, 
and to fellowship with His people. 

His cotempora^y brethren in the ministry have 
nearly all passed away. None remain that came to 
the Province as early as he did. One, however, sur- 
vives who, after laboring two years in England, came 
to Canada in 1816; and now, while bending be- 
neath the weight of more than four-score years, still 
preaches every Sabbath to the inmates of our Pro- 
vincial Penitentiary. It is probable that Fathers 
Pope and Croscombe spent more years of ministe- 
rial toil in Nova Scotia than any other two mission- 
aries that have sojourned among us. Nor have any 
others been in labors and successes more abundant. 

Not until compelled by loss of health did Mr. 





Croscombe become supernumerary. In his case our 
Methodist phraseology was literally true, " loorn 
outJ*^ He saw very few days of health during the 
eight years of his retirement. Wearisome days and 
nights were appointed him, yet he repined not. All 
that could be done by a devoted wife, and affec- 
tionate children, was done to comfort his soul in the 
midst of intense bodily anguish. His confidence in 
God remained firm to the end. At length on the 
26th August, 1859, in the fiftieth year of his 
ministry, the tabernacle fell into " ruinous decay," 
while the happy spirit went to God who gave it. 

" O, liow sweet it will be in that beautiful land 

When free from all sorrow and pain, 
With son^s on our lips, and with harps in our hands, 
"o meet one another again " 


Albert Dehbrisay was the son of an Episcopal 
clergyman, for many years Rector of Charlottetown, 
P. E Island. In the year 1815, under the evan- 
gelical ministry of the Rev. John Hick he was con- 
verted to God, and at once connected himself with 
the Methodist society, convinced that it was his duty 







i the 
je in 
1 the 

as con- 
If with 
His duty 

to cleave to the people by whose instrumentality he 
was led into the enjoyment of experimental reUgion 
This executed resolve of the son was quite distaste- 
ful to the father, who hesitated not to express sternly 
his disapprobation. But soon his prejudices were 
completely overcome by the pleasing external evi- 
dences of regeneration in the son ; so obvious were 
the fruits of the Spirit in his conduct, so consistent 
his walk and converse with his profession, that the 
father's displeasure was turned into manifest cor- 

Not long after his conversion his mind became 
deeply impressed with the conviction that he ought 
to devote himself to the work of calling sinners to 
repentance Nor was he disobedient to the heavenly 
intimation. Had he conferred with flesh and blood, 
as we fear many young men have done, and are now 
doing, he would have gone to the farm or merchan- 
dize in preference to the more arduous and less 
remunerative work of the ministry among the Wes- 
leyans. But he was constrained not by the love of 
ease, honor, or affluence, but by the love of Christ, 
to engage in the responsible work. Any man who 
enters the ministry under the influence of any other 
constraint may have the call of the Church, but he 
has not the call of God. Hirelings abound ! For 
more than t^vo years his mental and moral energies 




were developed and strengthened in discharging 
with acceptance and great fidelity the duties of a 
local preacher. In 1822 he was admitted into the 
itinerant ranks, and commenced in Petitcodiac those 
public labors which were attended with pleasing 
success wherever he sojourned. Parrsboro', Shef- 
field, Bridgetown, St. John, Miramichi, and St. 
Andrew's circuits shared in his ministerial services. 
Many seals to his ministry were given him in all 
these places, where he is still remembered with 
gratitude to God. 

Perhaps no minister in these Provinces ever ex- 
celled brother Desbrisay in ability to introduce and 
maintain religious conversation in the social and 
domestic circle. His gentleness made him great. 
As he respected everybody, everybody respected 
him. Without affecting " the gentleman," he was 
a Christian gentleman everywhere. He seemed 
always to find " the more excellent way " in his 
efforts to do good. A sound theologian, careful 
thinker, and impressive speaker, — though not re- 
garded as a great preacher, — he accomplished more 
good than many men of superior talent and pulpit 
oratory. His chief success in winning souls was 
doubtless due to his remarkable talent and effort as 
a pastor, in connection with his blameless life and 
heavenly- mindedness. 



of a 
[o the 

Id St. 

in all 

\er ex- 
Ice and 

il and 
I he was 
in his 
I not re- 
id more 
lis was 
[effort as 
life and 

His health began seiiously to fail while engaged 
in a remarkable revival of religion at Sheffield. 
The result of physical prostration thus received was 
a supernumerary relation. During a portion of the 
eleven years of his retirement from circuit work, he 
filled, with great credit to himself and decided 
advantage to many of the youth of our country, the 
of^ce of chaplain to our Academic Institutions at 
Sackville. From Sackville he removed to Char- 
lottetown, the place of his birth, where he finished 
his earthly course. Almost to the last he was vari- 
ously employed in doing good to the souls of men. 
Great affliction, personal and domestic, was his lot ; 
yet he bore all with a patience and resignation which 
grace alone can inspire. He realized the full ben- 
efit of sanctified affliction. He was ready when the 
Master came, and without fear or hesitation entered 
through death into rest, on Sabbath morning. May 
24, 1857. 

** I see a world of spirits bright, 
Who reap the pleasures tliere; 
They all are robed in purest white, 
And conquering palms they bear." 






hi\\ ; 

William Button was a native of England. 
Converted in early life, he gave himself cheerfully 
to the work of the ministry, and was sent out to 
labor in Newfoundland Arriving at St. John's 
early in 1870, he commenced at once to work for 
God, endearing himself in a short time to all with 
whom he became acquainted. With cheerfulness 
he left the city for a remote part of the Island, — the 
appointed place for his evangelistic efforts. The 
people gratefully and joyously received the youthful 
servant of God, who, in a few weeks, by his exem- 
plary conduct, devoutness of spirit, holy zeal, and 
Christian activities, enlisted the warmest sympathies 
and most ardent religious affection of the Christian 
population. Even those who were not professors of 
religion began to discover in him that amiability and 
consistency of character which generally command 

Blight pi*ospe3ts of usefulness loomed up before 
his mental vision, suggested by indications of the 
most pleasing character already vouchsafed. But 
his fond hopes were not realized. Instead of active 




of the 

. But 


service he was speedily summoned to the more dif- 
ficult task of patient endurance. As the world re- 
ceded the better country came more distinctly in 
view. Not long did he buffet with the waves of 
affliction. The happy release soon came. Amid 
the tears and prayers of a stricken Church he depart- 
ed triumphantly to his eternal home. Young men 
of equal promise with our absent brother are very 
rare. It is not easy to describe in words the re- 
markable attractiveness of Mr. Dutton's character. 
Perhaps rehgious fascination is as good a phrase as 
can be found to show the influence of this brother 
in rapidly winning the esteem of his fellow men. A 
prominent and essential feature, hov/ever, in all such 
cases is a large share of good, not common sense, 
for good sense is not very common. 

He surveyed from the margin the wide harvest field, 

And began its ripe clusters to gather; 
*' Tis enough," cried the Master, " come hither, \\\y child. 

To the home of thy Heavenly Father." 



Hji; ' 


William Ellis was born in the North of Ireland, 
County Down, in 1780 He was favored with Me- 
thodistic influences in early life, yet, though often 
impressed with the necessity of personal religion, he 
did not obtain a conscious sense of pardon until he 
was in his sixteenth year. About two years after 
this important era in his life, he was called to witness 
some of the fearful scenes of the Irish rebellion. In 
connection with one of the many battles fought at 
this time, his parents with their whole family were 
concealed as they thought safely ; but the crying of 
one of the children discovered them to the enemy, 
who would have speedily put them all to death, hat 
it not been for the timely arrival of the troops. This 
providential deliverance strengthened his faith in 
God, and stimulated him to work for the advance- 
ment of His cause in the world. Soon as a Class 
Leader and Local Preacher he found employment 
in the vineyard. Following on to know and serve 
so good a Master, he was led by evident indications 
of Providence to give himself up wholly to the work 
of preacliing the (iospoi Willing, as all true Me- 





)n, he 
Itil he 
n. In 

ight at 

tliodist preachers are, to lahor wherever sent, he 
came as a missionary to Newfoundlaiul in 1808» 
In this arduous field of toil he cheerfully devoted 
the remninder of his life, — twenty-nine years nearly, 
— all of which wore s}>ent in the effective work. 

His preaching abilities were good. Oftentimes 
his sermons were deliveied in a very eloquent man- 
ner. He succeeded well in the difficult art of right- 
ly " dividing the word of truth " And so will all 
whom God calls, if they use diligently the means of 
knowledge and grace within their roach. Mental 
and moral power will not come to us like the air 
we breathe, without attention to means. 

In disposition Mr. Ellis was gentle, peaceful, and 
humane ; ever ready to exhibit and appreciate the 
Christian courtesies of domestic and social life. He 
was intent on doing good ; nor did he labor in vain, 
or long realize exemption from active service. He 
was called from Harbor Grace to his Heavenly home 
on the iilst September, 1837. Although seventy- 
two years had now elapsed since the first Methodist 
preacher came to Newfoundland, he was the first to 
find a grave there. 

*' His requiem still sing, ye proud waves of the sea, 
Till Fiternity swallows up time ; 
At home in a harbur from undertow free, 
No storms in that beautiful clime." 

H « »i 




About forty years ago a few families of German 
descent, Wesleyan Methodists, removed from the 
beautiful La Have, in Lunenburg County, to the 
mouth of the Musquodoboit River, Halifax County, 
— establishing a small settlement, which, in due 
time, became a regular preaching place for Wesleyan 
ministers, and is now known in the Minutes of 
Conference as the Musquodoboit Harbor Circuit. 
Among the pleasing results of the Methodism thus 
introduced into that region of country, has been the 
raising up of three very zealous, talented, and use- 
ful ministers of the Gospel, — all brothers of the 
same family. The elder, Thomas, was scarcely 
twelve years of age when he was led, chiefly through 
the prayers, teaching and example of pious parents* 
to the possession and enjoyment of the favor of God. 
The genuineness of his conversion was manifest in 
his life from that eventful period in his history. 

An ardent thirst for knowledge impelled him, 
amid many discouragements and few advantages, to 
gather and treasure up in a most capacious and re- 



ten live memo IV, from books and other available 
>ources, chose materials of thought and action which 
rendered him, in after years, so effective as a 

In 1851, in the twentieth year of his age, he 
became t» candidate for our ministry, and labored in 
various portions of the Conference with acceptance 
and success. The few last years of his ministry 
were signally owned by the Head of the Church in 
the conversion of sinners. Grand Bank and Perli- 
can, in Newfoundland, will not soon forget the 
name of Thomas Gaetz. 

His preaching talents were above mediocrity, his 
style argumentative, yet impressive : full of holy 
zeal, not wildfii^e ; good voice, clear utterance, manly 
appetirance, and intent on doing good, — it is not 
matter of surprise that he was both popular and 
useful. In the pulpit he was sometimes exceed- 
ingly grave, again overflowing with animation, 
arousing the minds of his hearers more by solemn 
thought than by vehemence in action. In disposi- 
tion he was kind, noble, generous, and affectionate ; 
8ti:ongly attached to Methodism, but no bigot. He 
was a prudent, loving husband, generous-minded 
brother, and judicious parent. A long career of 
usefulness was fondly anticipated by his brethren 
and by the Church generally. But the Providence 





of God dashed those pleasiii | hopes to the g^round - 
It is not for us to find fault, who can read but one 
page of the book of Providence at a time. When 
the book is opened, and we discover the connection 
throughout, we shall see clearly what now is veiled 
in obscurity. Sinners may not live out half their 
days, but God's faithful child ' never die before 
their time. 

*' Our friend haa pfone before, 

To that celestial shore ; 
He hath left his mates behind, 

He hath all the storms outrode t 
Found the rest we toil to And, 

Landed m the armi of God." 

^1 !■ 


I i 


Charles Gaskin, a native of Coverdale, New 
Brunswick, was bom in 1829. Brought to God 
through the instrumentality of Methodism, he 
sought in every possible way to extend its influence. 
Impressed with a strong desire to spread abroad the 
truths of experimental religion, and convinced that 
he was called to preach, he offered himself as a can- 
didate for the Wesleyan ministry, in 1854. Ac- 



lad . 

, he 
id the 

cepted and sent forth, he labored faithfully in various 
places in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, till the 
year 1860, when he was compelled through failing 
health to become a supernumeraiy. Consumption had 
marked him as a victim, and, after using for several 
years every appliance suggested both by wise and 
unwise physicians, his physical nature yielded to the 
power of the disease. During portions of these 
months of affliction, mingled feelings of hope and 
despondency interrupted somewhat his spiritual en- 
joyments. But towards the close of the severe 
struggle between life and death, the mental clouds 
dispersed, and the Sun of righteousness shone bright- 
ly on his soul. He was thus enabled to triumph in 
death. His spirit forsook the clay tabernacle on 
the 10th March, 1861, in the 3^nd year of his age, 
and 8th of his ministry. 

He was an original thinker, very clear in the doc- 
trines of Methodism, and faithful in expounding and 
applying them. He preached the truth fearlessly — 
not anxious about results, whether pleasing or offen- 
sive. He seemed rather fond of controversy in de- 
fending the truth, but his aim was to exhibit what 
he believed, after careful investigation, to be the 
teaching of the word of God. He was too firm to 
allow the wish for peace to triumph over the down- 
fall of truth. Somewhat eccentric in manner, and 




peculiar in disposition, his motives were sometimes 
misunderstood ; but those who knew him most in- 
timately loved him best. 

The working time was brief. 

The labor ended soon, 
The Master's voice ended the grief, — 

His sun went down at noon. 



■m:.?;' "Si:' 

^ '!'"■■ ■ 


Henry Holland was bom in England, of devoted 
Wesleyan parents. Early presented to God, in con- 
nection with the Christian ordinance of baptism, and 
instructed in Divine things at the earliest possible 
period, he grew up a thoughtful, seri6us youth. In 
his fifteenth year, he experienced the great change 
from a state of nature to a state of grace, which all 
must realize in order to enter the kingdom of heaven. 

In 1851 he became a Local preacher in the fifth 
Manchester circuit, where he labored for some 
time, giving manifest proof that he was called of 
God to preach the gospel. 

In 1856 he came to Nova Scotia, and connected 

himself with the Conference of Eastern British 

America. With ardent zeal, ability, and success, he 

labored on the Middle Musquodoboitj Gagetown, 

;i I 




I, and 
I some 
id of 

IBS, he 

iand Upham circuits. His affectionate disposition, 
genuine friendship, and consistent piety, greatly 
endeared him to the people. Amiable, open- 
minded, guileless, and generous, we are not 
surprised that he was greatly beloved. Acceptable 
in the pulpit, he marred not its influence when 
out of it. But he excelled as a pastor. And 
should iiot all excel here ? Not one in ten can be- 
come a great preacher, but all may be good pastors. 
If our brother had depended chiefly on his literary 
attainments, his ministry would have been a failure. 
However, the ministry of no man is a failure, who 
is the instrument of bringing sinners to God. ^' He 
that winneth souls is wise." After the Conference 
of 1861, Mr. Holland visited the home of his 
you^h, hoping that a sea voyage and a few months 
recreation in dear old England would recuperate his 
failing energies for the ardent work of the ministry, 
which he loved intensely. But in this he was dis- 
appointed. Gradually the springs of life relaxed, 
the physical powers refused to perform their func- 
tions, until he sank into the arms of death on the 
24:th December, 1861, uttering the words, " Christ 
is precious, — all is well." 

" How swtet to die like this ! 
Tlie soul out-breathed as incense on th« breast 

Of its Redeemer, softly, silently. 
Love melted in hea/'n flood of His smile." 







; |.,-. '•<-■>: 




James Horne, of English parentage, was born in 
1788. Having obtained the favor of God, he was 
divinely prompted to work in the vineyard. He 
was converted in the twenty-sixth year of his age. 
After admission in the usual way to the ranks of the 
ministry, he spent four years in the home-work, 
thence he was transferred as a missionary to the 
West Indies in 1818. For thirty- three years he 
labored in word and doctrine in those Western 
sunny Isles, when he was obliged to become a 
supernumerary. JJuring the seven years he sus- 
tained this relation to the work, he was not idle. 
The cause of God was near his heart, and its 
extension and consolidation enlisted all his remain- 
ing energies. He was a faithful man, and feared 
God above many. An ardent lover of the doctrines 
of Methodism, he failed not to present them 
prominently in his pulpit ministrations. He also 
entertained a high appreciation of the discipline of 
this branch of the Church, and endeavored every- 



le of 

where with firmness and caution to maintain it, 
intelligently believing it to be quite in accordance 
with the spirit of the New Testament. 

He was emphatically a benevolent Christian, ever 
ready to the extent of his ability to aid in the 
various enterprises of Christianity, and to relieve 
the destitute. He greatly rejoiced in the triumph 
of truth. A lover of good men, he truly regarded 
them, with the Psalmist, as " the excellent of the 

Greatly attached to children, his estimate of the 
value of Sabbath schools was very high. In 
Bermuda, where his last years were spent, his 
patriarchal form was often seen among them, im- 
parting, in a genial manner, salutary counsels. 

In the 68th year of his age, the messenger came 

for his removal to another sphere of existence. He 

was ready. Pleasing assurance of the fact was given 

to the Minister, and others who visited him in his 

last moments. His power of utterance failed while 

attempting to repeat the beautiful verse, — 

** There is my house and portion fair, 
My treasure and my heart are there, 
And my abiding home;" &c. 

As he was unable to repeat the whole his brother 
Minister finished it for him, which awakened a 
smile of gratitude, both for the delightful sentiment 



of the hymn, and for the presence and sympathy of 
a brother in Christ. In a few hours he entered 
the " abiding home." 

Fairer, sweeter, richer, fir, 

Than India last or West; 
Naught true happiness to mar, 

In yonder peaceful rest; 
Burning heats or hurricanes 

Disturb not heaven's pure atmosphere ; 
No more sorrow, death, or pains. 

Or sin, or gushing tear. 



Richard Knight began his earthly career in 
Devonshire, England, in the year 1189. His pa- 
rents were not acquainted with experimental religion. 
During the days of his youth, until near the peiiod of 
manhood, he was, like most young persons, thought- 
less, and given to folly and vain pursuits. But 
about that time he was led to serious thought, by a 
dream which powerfully affected his mind. Under 
the influence of the awakened feelings and convic- 
tions thus divinely wrought in him, he earnestly 
sought and obtained that peace of mind and hallowed 
joy which are ever among the fruits of the Spirit. 



Ihy of 

er m 
lis pa- 
iriod of 



f, bya 

Immediately lie let his light shine. Acting under 
the unvarying impulse of the new nature, he began 
to work for the salvation of souls. Nor did he labor 
long without blessed results. His parents and some 
members of the family were led through his con- 
sistent piety and judicious conversation to seek an 
interest in Jesus, — auspicious commencement for a 
man of God. Gradually his single-minded earnest 
efforts were extended to the surrounding country, 
the Lord graciously accompanying the words of his 
faithful servant with saving influences. After fill- 
ing for some time with great acceptability the office 
of Local preacher, he was accepted by the British 
Conference as a candidate for missionary work, and 
was appointed to Newfoundland in 1816. Cheer- 
fully he bade adieu to " the home and the friends of 
his youth," and hastened to the rugged shores of that 
Island, to publish, in connection with remarkable 
toil and success, " the unsearchable riches of Christ." 
As a pioneer in many places, he endured hardships 
and persecutions, happily unknown by personal ex- 
perience among the servants of God in our day. 
Full of holy ardor, he shrank not from Herculean 
labors. In perils by land and sea, in perils from 
wild beasts and wilder men, he went forward in the 
path of duty, leaving results with God. Sometimes 
his powerful physical, as well as mental energies, 

• ^JH-ULJ 




i f 

^i IH 

were taxed to the utmost in clearing Satan's agents 
out of his pathway. On one occasion while con- 
ducting service, just as he was about beginning his 
sermon, a man near the door commenced smoking 
his pipe. Mr. Knight kindly requested him to de- 
sist, but the request was unheeded. He then ex- 
postulated with him on the folly and wickedness of 
such conduct in the house of God, but all to no 
purpose, — ^the man was stubborn. In vain did the 
pjreacl^er appeal to some magistrates who were pre- 
sent to interfere. At length, closing the Bible, Mr. 
Knight saidi " If no one else will put that man out 
of the house, I will.'* And he immediately left the 
pulpit with brave heart and firm step resolved to 
execute his purpose. But the offender, at that mo- 
ment struck with conviction of sin, left the place to 
seek that Saviour hose servant he had insulted. 
In a few months after, that man became a member 
of the Methodist church. 

Throughout Newfoundland, to this day, the memo- 
ry of Mr. Knight is cherished, with gratitude to 
God, by hundreds who were led to Christ by his 
feithful preajching and spiritual pastoral visits. Me- 
thodism in that portion of our Conference is largely 
indebted to the energetic, judicious, and persevering 
efforte of that man of God. 

Transferred to the Upper Provinces in 1833, he 



tude to 
by bis 
. Me- 

i33, be 

still continued to be in labors abundant ; exemplify- 
ing everywhere tbe fidelity, purity, and power of the 
Christian religion. He was generally appointed to 
what are called our most important stations, and 
always" left his mark. He filled with great credit 
to himself aL'^ "nfety to the interests involved, the 
most important olices of our Church. For a loi\g 
period he occupied the Chair in every district where 
he resided, and more recently he became by the 
vote of his brethren co-delegate of Conference. 
These duties he always discharged with firmness 
and discretion. The Missionary Committee in 
London never had occasion to regret that they had 
reposed great confidence in our beloved brother. 
For nearly twenty-eight years these Provinces were 
favored with his active and earnest ministry. 

The writer vnll not soon forget his interview with 
Mr. Knight at Charlottetown, in 1845, when he 
offered himself as a candidate for the ministry. At 
fir&t he seemed stern and unapproachable, but a 
slight acquaintance dissipated the incorrect opinion. 
A kinder heart, with larger sympathies and more 
brotherly love than dwelt in the stalwart frame of 
Mr. Knight, is seldom found among the sons of 
Rarely have we seen God-like severity and 


human tenderness blend more beauteously. ' He 
was inflexible, but only when he was convinced 




that it would be wrong to yield ; humble, yet 
dignified, aspiring yet lowly-minded, zealous but 
cautious. He was an excellent preacher, though 
not a first-class orator ; well read in theology, sound 
in the faith, and clear in exposition ; full of courage, 
mingled with christian gentleness. His discourses 
were largely freighted with evangelical truth, yet 
eminently practical. His admirable sermon at the 
District meeting in Charlottetown in 1845, on 
glorying in the cross of Christ, is still remembered 
as a most impressive and eloquent discourse. We 
remember how the congregation seemed to be 
thrilled, while he recited in the most solemn and 
touching manner the following soul-stirring lines of 

Montgomery : , 

" I asked the Heavens—* What foe to God hath done 

This unexampled deed? The Heavens exclaim 
■ * 'Twas man ; and we in horror snatched the sun 
From such a spectacle of guilt and shame 1' 
I asked the sea, — the sea in fury boiled, 
And answered with his voice of storms — * 'Twas raan— 
My waves in panic at his crime recoiled, 
Disclosed the abyss, and from the centre ran.' i> 

I asked the earth,— the earth replied aghast, 
• 'Twas man-^^and such strange pangs my bosom rent, 
That still I groan and shudder at the past.' ^ 

— Toman, gay, smiling, thoughtless man I went. 
And ask'd him next; He turned a scornful eye, *'• i'' 

Shook his proud head, and deigned me no reply." 

A man of progressive ideas, he was ever ready to 
engage in any religious or moral movement calcu- 
lated to benefit our race. Henco his sympathy with 



I but 










ies of 



|ady to 

the temperance reform. Nor was he content with 
wishing it well, without putting his shoulder to the 
wheel. By personal example and earnest pleading 
with his fellow men, in the pulpit and on the plat- 
form, he endeavored to extend its sound principles 
and safe practice Associated for years with the 
** Sons of Temperance," he gave that useful institu- 
tion his hearty and prayerful support. Would to 
God that all ministers would imitate his example 
in this respect ! 

In short, if a large measure of good sense, fair 
education, genuine piety, ready utterance, unflinch- 
ing fidelity, virtuous sensibility, untiring diligence, 
and dignified demeanor constitute a good Methodist 
preacher, the Rev. R. Knight deserved that des- 
ignation. After spending forty-four years in the 
ministry, without asking for a supernumerary rela- 
tion even for one year, ** he ceased at once to work 
and live." His sudden death was of the most 
triumphant kind. The hallelujahs of eternity were 
on his lips e'er he was quite across the waters of 


" Who would not wish to die like those 

Whom God's own Spirit deigns to bless; 
To sink into that soft repose, ,, , 

. Then wake to perfect happiness." 

, 1 ■ •> « 







James Knowlan was bom in the year 1779. 
We have failed to learn any particulars respecting 
the time or circumstances connected with his conver- 
sion ; but we are assured of the professed fact in that 
he was recommended by the lay members of the 
Church, where he lived at the time, as a suitable can- 
didate for our ministry, examined by men of God, 
accepted and employed as a minister. After labor- 
ing in the good work for sixteen years, he was sent 
out as a missionary to the West Indies, thence to 
Nova Scotia and Canada, his firs^ oircuit being Mon- 
treal, where he remained three years. From thence 
he went to Three Rivers, St. Armand's, and Odell 
Town, where he discharged the duties of a Metho- 
dist preacher. For four years in succession he was 
Chairman of the Canada district, the whole work 
being comprised in one district at that time. In 
1831 he was appointed to Westmoreland, N. B. 
Soon after this be became supernumerary. 

In 1834 he took up his residence in Halifax, N. S., 
where he remained until death. For a short pe- 
riod he was employed in Nova Scotia as a temper- 



ance lecturer, but failing health induced him to re- 
tire from all public engagements. He was called to 
his final home on the 17th October, 1845, in the 
66th year of his age, and 39th of his ministry. 

Mr. Knowlan possessed good natural abilities, 
which were improved by extensive reading and 
prayerful study. He understood Wesleyan Theol- 
ogy well, and was also thoroughly acquainted with 
the system of Wesleyaa Church Government. 

When he left Canada, in 1831, there were only 
nine Wesleyan Methoaist p/eachers in the whole 
country. Their names were as follows ; Matthew 
Lang, Richard Pope, Sup'y., Wm. Squire, J. P. 
Heatheringcon, Thomas Turner, John Hick, James 
Booth, Richard Williams, William E. Shenstone. 
Now there are more than 600 there. 

ft '* Jesus, thy servants bless, 

Who sent by Thee proclaim 
The peace and joy and righteousness, 
Experienced in Thy name." 



■ ^y- .1 r ' . 

'^ . 






John Mann was born in New York, in 1743. 
While quite young his father died, leaving him to 
the care of his over-indulgent mother, who was 
pained to see him grow up a thoughtless, wicked 
young man. In his twenty-first year he married in 
a very respectable family, and commenced business. 
After a time, becoming embarrassed in trade, he left 
his family and went to Philadelphia. Here he 
was awakened to a sense of his lost condition as a 
sinner, under the preaching of the Rev. Mr. 
Stringer (Episcopalian), formerly a Methodist 
preacher in England. He forsook at once his 
sinful companions, and returned to New York ; and 
as his mother was a member of the Moravian 
Church, he sought and obtained fellowship there. 
But not finding the food his soul desired, and fre- 
quently hearing the preaching of Captain Webb, 
who described his case more clearlv, he left the 
Moravians and joined the Methodist Society. About 
this time the first preachers sent out by Mr. Wesley 
arrived at New York. Mr. Mann found peace with 
God while listening to a sermon preached by one of 



|m to 
;d ill 
as a 
h the 
>ne of 

these preachers, the Rev. Mr. Boardman. He soon 
after this became a Class leader and Local preacher, 
exercising his gifts on Long Island and contiguous 
places. When the English preachers forsook New 
York at the commencement of the Revolutionary 
War, Mr. Mann kept the John Street Church open 
until a travelling preacher by the name of Spraig 
was sent from Philadelphia to take charge of it. At 
the conclusion of the war, he thought it his duty to 
take refuge within the British lines. Accordingly, 
with a number of others, he came in a vessel to 
Shelburne, N. S. At that time Shelburne con- 
tained a population of 10,000 or 12,000 persons. 
But it soon became almost depopulated, there being 
no surrounding country to sustain a town, and no 
prospect, because of abounding rocks, to make such 
a country. 

From his first landing Mr. Mann continued 
preaching the Gospel for some years, but, becoming 
straitened in his circumstances, with the advice of 
Captain Dean and other friends, he removed to Liv- 
erpool, where he was instrumental in winning many 
souls to Christ. But the people being either unable 
or unwilling, — as some are in our day to pay for a 
free Gospel, — to give him much assistance, he could 
not support his rising family in the place, and medi- 
tated a removal elsewhere. Yet in the midst of his 



worldly trials the Lord blessed hiin with a large 
measure of the spirit of holiness, especially on one 
occasion, while on a visit to "Windsor. Shortly- 
after this (1784), he, in company with his brother 
James and William Black, went to Philadelphia, 
where he was ordained both deacon and elder. 
After an absence of eight weeks, he returned to 
Liverpool, and thence, in a short time, to Newport, 
N. S., where he resided till death. Here he was 
the instrument of a glorious revival of religion, 
resulting in the formation of a Methodist Society 
numbering sixty members. Some of these, to the 
great grief of their pastor and spiritual father, after 
a time embraced Antinomian principles, and joined 
the New Lights, while others fell into open sin. 

The last few years of his life were full of troubles 
and 'iistresses of a domestic nature, " which some- 
times seemed to produce in him a degree of impa- 
tience. The loss of two daughters and a son-in- 
law, who were cut oit by an untimely stroke, 
appeared to prey upon his spirits, and in some de- 
gree to eclipse those bright discoveries of the perfect 
love of God to his soul with which he had been so 
highly favored." After he became a supernumerary, 
he continued to travel and preach in the region 
round about Newport as long as he could ride on 
horseback. But f*^" the last two years of hie life he 















jn so 
le on 
Ife he 

was confined to his house. He was visited by many 
friends during his prot'-acted illness, among others 
by the Rev. R. Alder, who was stationed in the 
neighborhood, iJnd who has testified to the unshaken 
confidence and rejoicing faith of Mr. Mann in his 
latest hours. 1 o his own son^ at that time a Class 
leader, he said, just before he died, " I have no fear 
of death; it is all taken away." Thus, happy in 
the Lord, died the Rev. John Mann, on the 26th 
February, 1817, in the 74th year of his age and 31st 
of his ministry. He had indeed preached the Gos- 
pel for forty-five years, but only thirty -one since his 
name appeared on the British Minutes of Con* 

He was not what is generally called an eloquent 
preacher, yet he possessed a sound judgment and 
clear understanding. Sometimes he was very pow- 
erful, meriting the appellation, " Son of thunder." 
He was well acquainted with all the doctrines of 
Methodism, and was a great lover of Mr. Wesley's 
writings. He studied the Bible well, and thorough- 
ly understood the plan of salvation, quite as well, it 
is probable, as we do in this age of advanced Biblical 
exposition. In his sermons he generally confined 
himself to the plain doctrines, precepts, promises, 
and threatenings of the Sacred Volume, more 
anxious to save souls than to be thought an Intel- 



lectual preacher. He was a sincere Loyalist, and 
to the end remained an unflinching friend of the 
British Constitution. His example in this respect is 
worthy of our imitation to this day. 


James Mann, a younger brother of the Kev. 
John Mann, a sketch of whose ministerial life has 
just been given, was born in 1750. He emigrated 
to the Province of Nova Scotia in the same year 
and for the same reasons that his brother did, 
and for a time taught school in Liverpool. It was 
while here that he experienced religion, and began 
to work for God. His talents for usefulness in the 
vineyard were soon apparent, and, being urged by 
the people of God, as well as by the Holy Spirit and 
the intimations of Providence, he gave himself up 
wholly to the work of the ministry. He was pro- 
bably the second person converted in Nova Scotia 
that became a Methodist preacher. 

He labored in word and doctrine in various parts 
of the Provinces, but chiefly in Nova Scotia, and 



|t, and 

)f the 
)ect is 


[fe has 
le year 
fcr did, 
lit was 
in the 
jged by 
krit and 
self up 
[is pro- 

IS parts 
bia, and 

especially in Liverpool, Shelburne, and Barrington. 
The results of his efforts are seen to this day in the 
number and inlluence of the adherents of Methodism 
these places. When the writer began his 


itinerancy in these regions in 1846, there were 
largs communities where three-fourths of the people 
were Methodists. 

Mr. Mann performed more journeys on foot than 
perhaps any other Methodist preacher ever did in 
the Province of Nova Scotia. His principal home 
for the last few years of his life was Shelburne ; but 
as he was never married, and realized not the influ- 
ence of family ties, he felt at home wherever he 
was made welcome, even though the fare and fur- 
niture were of the plainest possible kind. There 
used to be an air of comfort and contentment in 
the log-house kitchen, with its smiling open fire, in 
those days of yore, that seldom finds its way into 
the richly-furnished parlor. I believe that if some 
of us had for one year to experience the hardships 
and exposure that brother Mann realized for a score 
of years, we would be able to write some very sen- 
sational articles for the Wesleyan. 

For thirty-three years he diligently and success- 
fully discharged the duties devolving upon a preacher 
of the Gospel. All his ministerial life was spent in 
the active duties of the ministry except one year 



His name appears on the Minutes for 1819 as a su- 
pernumerary, but he continued working till death. 
His oft-expressed desire was granted : 

** O, that without a lingering groan 
I may the welcome word receive; 
My body with mj' charge lay down, 
And cease at once to work and live." 

He died in the vineyai'd, — not in the hospital. 

On Christmas-day, 1820, he conducted Divine 
Service in the morning, baptized some children, 
married a couple, and administered the sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper, and crossed over Jordan's 
stream to the heavenly shore. A glorious termin- 
ation to a ministerial career ! 

This event took place at North East Harbor, about 
twenty miles from Shelburne. His mortal remains 
were,\however, conveyed to the last named place, 
and interred beneath the pulpit that is still occupied 
by Wesleyan Ministers. As a preacher Mr. Mann 
excelled. Being a fair scholar and of studious habits. 
He was well versed in theology. In the pulpit he 
was grave, devout, earnest and impressive. A rich 
vein of evangelical truth was discernible in all his 
sermons. Intent on bringing souls to God, he ever 
kept this in view in all his discourses. He had many 
opportunities for fire-side preaching, and they w ere 
well-improved. The necessity for similar work still 
remains. Alas, it is not always improved to the 






best advantage ! He preserved to the end an un- 
blemished reputation, yet he had many a severe strug- 
gle with self and sin, for his natural temper was 
irritable ; but grace triumphed. He was apparently 
severe in denouncing what was wrong, — so was the 
Apostle John. We are in danger, in this age ofre- 
iinement, of going to the other extreme. Very few 
now attempt to persuade men as St. Paul did, by 
"the terror's of the Lord.^'* 

*' A Caeftar'g title less my envy moves, 
Than to be styled the man whom Jesus loves; 
What charms, what beauties in his face did shine 
Keilected ever from the face Divine 1 " 


John Marshall, a native of Peterborough, Eng- 
land, was born in 1787. He was a Methodist by 
second birth, — a Methodist minister by the will of 
God. He was sent out to the West Indies as a 
missionary in 1818, in the thirty-first year of his 
age. He temained but a short time there, in conse- 
quence of failing health. He came to Nova Scotia 
in 1820, where he spent thegreater portion of his min- 



isteiial life. Pie occupiecl some of ouv p'incipal cir- 
cuits in Ne-w Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, 
and Nova Scotia. He was no! physically robust, 
yet capable for many years of performing well the 
duties of a true servant of God in connection with 
the ministry. Exceedingly grave in deportment, 
the result of a serious mind; he was gentle in 
disposition, but earnest in spirit. His tender- 
ness of conscience and open susceptibility ren- 
dered it difficult to avoid mental friction, when 
ass(. dating with brethren of impetuous tempera- 
ment and rougher piety ; but his deep devotion to 
God, and eminent heavenly-mindedness, enabled 
him to overcome this mental rather than morJ 
infirmity. He resented not even impertinence. 
Anger seemed to have no place in his soul. He 
reproved sinners when occasion required, but even 
the severest words were permeated with love. Very 
few men, lay or ministerial, were more worthy of 
the desirable designation, " Beloved disciple." 
Those circuits which were favored with his minis- 
trations delight lo speak of his eminent piety, holy 
ardor, and prayerful efforts to bring sinners to God, 
and to lead believers into the possession of scriptural 
holiness. His abilities as a preacher were above 
the ordinary. But it was the special unction 
from above that rendered his public and private 





ll cir- 
\\ the 
tie in 
lion to 
It even 
irthy of 
minis - 
^ holy 

ministrations so edifying to the church. His sermon 
at the District meeting in Charlottetown in 1845, on 
sinners repenting and angels rejoicing, was much 
admired for its scriptural character, spiritual power, 
and Methodistic simplicity. No abler sermon was 
preached at that gathering. 

In 1848, the writer was placed under his super- 
intendence on the Newport and Maitland circuits, — • 
a wide range of country embracing now the greater 
portion oijive circuits. Our first interview in the 
study of the Mission house at Meander was hal- 
lowed by mutual prayer suggested by the Super- 
intendent. For t\yo years our ministerial inter- 
course was of the most happy, harmonious, and 
profitable character. He never neglected the good 
old Methodist custom of praying with his colleague, 
when about to separate. The recollection of those 
solemn and refreshing interviews awakens pleasing 
emotions to this day. Many years afterwards, when 
he became supernumerary, and the young man 
Superintendent of the Truro circuit, our religious 
fellowship was renewed. We then found him, 
though in feebleness extreme, the same devout, 
serious, and prayerful man of God. Unable to 
preach, yet he Uved not in vain. His holy life and 
fervent prayers were of great service to the cause of 

God. The former influenced his fellow men, the 



latter brought down blessings from the gieat 
Mediator. Naturally timid and unobtrusive he was 
not forward in speaking of his own religious attain- 
ments or labors, yet never hesitated, when Christian 
prudence dictated, to glorify the Master in that way* 
*' I have constant peace with God," was his calm 
utterance at a love feast in Halifax, From the 
experience thus beautifully intimated we learn the 
principal secret of his power with God in prayer, 
and with men when in the pulpit. He was empha- 
tically a man of one book and one work. He lived 
to honor God, extend the Redeemer's kingdom, 
and do good to his fellow men, and by the grace of 
God accomplished them to a larger extent than is 
usual. Few men that we have known had so little 
of earthliness and so much of heaven as Mr. 
Marshall. He had his trials, but he bore them 
like a Christian. He had his infirmities, but they 
were not so prominent as to mar the symmetry of 
his spiritual character. We would not glory in 
men, but we would magnify the grace of God in 
giving us such men. His last illness was protracted 
and severe, yet he murmured not. Indeed, the 
whole of his supernumerary career, 13 years, was 
one of severe trial, because of inability for most of 
the time to take any part in ministrations of the 
sanctuary. Acquiescing in the will of God, he 



I eat 








le of 
m is 
•y of 

ry in 
)d in 
lost of 
)f the 
Id, he 

could ever say, ** For me to live is Christ, and to 
die is gain." That gain he has been realizing since 
the 12th July, 1864. He peacefully departed in 
the 77th year of his age and the 46th of his min- 
istry. The writer has often read, >vith emotions 
known only to ministers, the suggestive and appro- 
priate inscription, " In Christ," on the marble head- 
stone of the grave at Lunenburg, where lie the mor- 
tal remains of the sainted John Marshall. 

** G(k1 gives us ministers of love, 

Which we regard not, being near; 
Death takes them from us, then we feel 
TImt sinjjels havi) been with us here-'' 




William Makshall, a native of England, was 
bom in the year 1811. The particulars of his con- 
version we have not learned. He entered the min- 
istry in 1838, and was sent out as a missionary to 
Newfoundland in 1839. Appointed a visiting mis- 
sionary to the Western shore of that Island, he was 
made a great blessing to the destitute people. In 
many places religious pnvileges were unknown. 
The inhabitants were perishing for lack of knowledge. 
Many for the first time beheld in Mr. Maishall a 
minister of the Gospel. As a pioneer he was emi- 
nently successful in preparing the way of the Lord, 
as subsequent prosperity testifies. The privations 
he endured, and the exposure to wet and cold asso- 
ciated with boating, were too great for his physical 
ability. The seeds of early dissolution thus sown 
grew and matured. 

At Green Bay he also labored with great success. 
Multitudes were turned to God through his instru- 

Eminently holy, he could not be otherwise than 





[ry to 

10 wn. 


lall a 




A Christian of the noblest type, humble in dis- 
position, fervent in spirit, and active in the vineyard, 
we wonder not that he was greatly beloved of God 
and man. A popularity obtained by deep devotion 
to God, ardent love for souls, and unwavering at- 
tachment to truth, may be safely coveted by any 
minister. Brother Marshall enjoyed that popularity 
in a high degree. His memory is yet enshrined in 
the affections of the '^ple where he toiled. Sound 
and clear in the d" s of Methodism, and faithful 

in expounding ana <*pplying them ; firm, yet cau- 
tious, in defending them ; and, above all, daily 
interweaving them in the thread of life, we are led 
to conclude that Mr. Marshall was a model preacher. 
But holiness is no defence against physical weak- 
ness, especially if pure zeal constrains us to tax un- 
wisely the power God has given us. His career of 
usefulness soon ended He officiated at the watch- 
night service vvhich ushered in the year 1846, and 
in nine days after, in the 35th year of his age, and 
8th of his ministry, he departed to be with Jesus, 
Twillingate graveyard contains the dust of this holj 





Samuel B. Martin, a native of Cornwall, Eng- 
land, came to this country when quite youtig. He 
experienced the convertinj^- grace of God in Char- 
lottetown, P. E. I., during the great revival which 
took place under the ministry of the Rev. F. Small- 
wood. After this, he soon began to work for his 
Lord and Master, impelled by the strongest of moral 
influences, — the love of Christ. For a time he 
discharged the duties of a hired local preacher on 
the Lunenburg circuit. From that circuit he was, 
in 1861, recommended to the Conference as a suita- 
ble candidate for the Wesleyan ministry. 

He pursued with zeal, energy, and success the 
important vocation on two circuits before his ordi- 
nation, — Musquodoboit Harbor and New Germany, 
—where he won the affections of the people, and 
accomplished much good. After his reception into 
the full work of the ministry, at the close of a year 
spent in the theological institution at Sackville, he 
occupied successively the followipg circuits : Nash- 
waak, N. B., Middle Musquodoboit, and Port Mou- 
ton. While at the last-named place, where he was 
being vejy successful in doing good, he was sad- 











I, and 

Icj he 

denly prostrated hy affliction. Though short, it was 
very severe. But, in the midst of all, he was en- 
abled to say " Father, Thy will >)e done." The 
grace of God alone can enable the human being, in 
the prime of life, in the midst of usefulness, sur- 
rounded by a loving people, a devoted wife and 
children, to say with composure, " Farewell earth- 
welcome eternity." Brother Martin was a faithful 
worker in the cause of God. The honored instru- 
ment of bringing many sinners to Christ, he was 
greatly beloved wherever he labored. His success 
was the result of earnest, persevering toil, rather 
than of the exercise of brilliant talents. He was more 
remarkable i'or heart excellencies than for intellectual 
possessions. Yet he was not Avanting in any of those 
faculties of mind which, when governed by good 
sense and sound moral principle, fit a man for use- 
fulness in the Gospel vineyard. He was called to 
his heavenly home on the 28th October, 1871, in 
the tenth year of his ministry. His early death is 
admonitory to our youthful Conference. More than 
half the number of our efficient ministers now (1872) 
were not in our ranks when our departed brother 
b3came a member of the Conference. 

•• Forever from the hand that takes 
One blessing from us, others tall ; 
And soon or late our Father makes 
His perfect recompense for all." 





William McDonald, of Scotch parentage, was 
born in the year 1801. Careless in youth respecting 
the things of God, he grew up to manhood before 
he sought an interest in Jesus' blood. He was first 
awakened by Divine truth under a sermon preached 
ai Quebec, on shipboard, by the now aged and ven- 
erable Father Pope, who lingers among us to preach 
the Gospel, and to interest his brethren by marvel- 
lous ministerial reminiscences, reaching back fifty- 
eight years. After many days and weeks of pun- 
gent conviction of sin, and earnest wrestling for 
mercy, he was visited by the light of God's coun- 
tenance, and became a rejoicing believer. As usual 
after conversion, he began to work for the Master, 
and exhibiting talents eminently adapted for useful- 
ness, he was providentially led into the ministry. 
It was manifest to all that he was in his right place 
in the Church of Christ. Coming to Nova Scotia 
in 1830, he travelled only three circuits until his 
work was done. Liverpool, where he was .greatly 
esteemed and beloved, was his last circuit. Here 
his health failed, and death severed the union be- 
tween body and spirit on the 16th March, 1834. 









[g ^or 



I Scotia 
Itil his 


)n be- 

Great disappointment was felt in all the churches at 
his early dea1:h, for he gave unusual promise of re- 
markable usefulness. His preaching talents were of 
the first order. Naturally eloquent, full of well- 
balanced zeal, and intent on saving' sinners, his short 
ministry was not in vain. With a commanding ap- 
pearance, capacious, pleasing voice, large intellect, 
and warm heart, he was eminently adapted, not only 
to win popular applause, but to accomplish much 

But the Master thought best to remove him from 
the midst of earthly admirers, and to allow the work 
to be carried forward by other hands and hearts. 
We are slow to believe, and perhaps disinclined to 
think of, the fact that God can do without us. And, 
in all probability, could we see the future as God 
sees it, we would say oftener than we do, ^' Taken 
from the evil to come." Some very talented minis- 
ters have lived to pass through such scenes of temp- 
tation and personal trial, as doubtless often to wish 
that they had been called to the l^eavenly home, at 
an early period in their ministerial career, i ,h 

:' Waiting the Master's calling, 

To hence remove or stay, 
J ;\'. v " Come now," was not appalling; 

He gladly went away ; , ... 

Happy on earth in preacliing, 

The wondrous lore of God; ' .; :^ .! 

Still happier on retching. 
• ' His Father's bright abode. 

. t'lte-' *'• ■• ' '^w Vj?»f<i !'■ tl 




About the time Mr. William Black was converted 
to God in Nova Scotia, the Lord was preparing a 
young man in the British army for the planting and 
nou ifjhing of Methodism in New Brunswick. The 
name of Duncan McColl will be long remembered 
in that Province. 

Born in Argyleshire, North Britain, in 1754, of 
parents attached to the Episcopal church of Scotland, 
he was brought up under religious influences, and 
according to his own statement was concerned about 
the salvation of his soul at a very early period of life. 

By peculiar domestic circum&tances he was led to 
connect himself with th ; army. The regiment with 
which he was associated soon after left for these 
Provinces. The war between Great Britain and her 
American Colonies was then in progress. Mr. 
McColl was wonderfully preserved in several en- 
gagements. On one occasion three volleys of a 
company of the enemy were fired at hivi alone as 
he was crossing a valley for some important pur- 
pose in connection with the war, but he was un- 
harmed ! He says, in reference to that event, " I 
do not speak extravagantly when I say that the 
shower of bullets resembled a shower of hail stones 








I, of 
Id to 
lof a 
le as 
" I 

The earth was torn in evei^ spot, or foot. 'J he hair 
was cut off my head, and my clothing torn into 
pieces. But at the third volley the firing at once 
ceased. Our Major said, ' make haste and fall into 
the ranks, for the whole fire is at you.' I smiled 
and looked at the enemy, saying, ' they have not 
a bullet in their budget that can hurt me to day.' " 

Providentially led to Jamaica, he began while 
there to review his life, and became deeply con- 
vinced of his sinful state before God. Penetrating 
convictions of sin troubled his soul, until the pas- 
sage of scripture came powerfully to his mind, — 
" Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt 
be savedi'' He was enabled to believe, and, receiv- 
ing the spirit of adoption, was made very happy 
in the Divine favor. He waited not for church fel- 
lowship, but began at once to work for his redeeming 
Lord. A few months after this, while in Bermuda, 
he met with a Miss Channel, from Philadelphia, who 
was a member of the Methodist society, and who 
spake freely of experimental religion, which led him 
to conclude that he had found the people of God. 
Next we find him at Halifax, shortly after Mr. 
Black had visited the place, where he was married 
to the young lady referred to. While in Halifax 
he became so interested in Methodism as to write to 
Mr. Wesley for aid to build a preaching house 



intimating that if he could grant them £500, the 
people in Halifax would raise £500 more. Mr. 
Wesley replied, ** If you are so well off, as to afford 
£500, I think that will answer for the present ; we 
have as much to do with our money, as we can 
manage." A house, however, was built, in which 
Mr. Black preached, and formed a Methodist society. 
From Halifax Mr. McColl removed to St. An- 
drew's, N. B., where he engaged in secular busi- 
ness ; yet he neglected not the duties of religion, 
but soon gathered the people to his own house, and 
exhorted them to repent and seek salvation. As 
yet he knew but little of Methodism, but he formed 
a class and conducted matters as nearly as possible 
after the plan of the Methodists. Shortly after this 
he became permanently settled at St. Stephen. In 
the spring of 1792 Mr. Black visited St. Stephen. 
Mr. McColl accompanied him on his return to St. 
John, where a Mr. Bishop, a preacher from the 
States, had been laboring very successfully during 
the winter. In 1795 the Rev. Jesse Lee, of blessed 
fame, from New England, visited St. Stephen, and 
requested Mr. McColl to attend their Conference 
held at New London. He was there ordained by 
Bishop Asbury, and remained several months, 
greatly refreshed in spirit by the manifestations of 
grace in that land. The winter of 1795-96 was 
remarkable for a great revival at St. Stephen, which 













p by 

IS of 


fully established Methodism in that place. In 1798 
he was requested by Mr. Black to hasten to Anna- 
polis, as a great work had commenced He acceded 
to the request, and spent two months there amid re- 
vival scenes. Mr. McColl's name first appeared on 
the Minutes of Conference in the year 1793. He 
did not, however, remove from circuit to circuit, ex- 
cept to make short visits, the delicate state of his 
wife's health being an insuperable barrier in the 
way. In 1826 he gave up the charge of the cause 
of God in connection with Methodism in the West- 
ern parts of New Brunswick, and in 1827 a niinis- 
ter was appointed to St. David, and another to St. 
Stephen in 1829. After preaching the Gospel with 
great success for nearly fifty years, he fell asleep in 
Jesus, December 17, 1830. Mr. McColl evidently 
possessed great native mental independence and 
energy. As a Christian, he was firm and devoted 
to God. As a minister he excelled ; for those are 
the greatest and best who win most souls for Christ. 
He struggled hard with poverty, yet often received 
supplies in answer to prayer. His last days were 
rendered comfortable in this respect, by reason of 
his connection with the financial system of Meth- 
odism. '■'., V 

The tears and tlie prayers of the pioneer band 

Have to us a rich legacy given ; 
We sliall talk it all o'er when with them we shall stand 
Midst the glorified niilliuns of Heaven. 





William C. McKinnon was born at Sydney, 
Cape Breton, in 1824 In early youth he gave 
evident indications of the possession of talents which 
inclined him towards literary pursuits. He was 
Tery fond of natural history, especially ornithology, 
and had written on the subject, and made quite a 
respectable collection of birds, while yet a mere 
youth. As he approached manhood, he gave him- 
self to writing for the press. Careless of Divine 
things, he wrote more to please than to profit the 
readers. Political discussion and fiction were now 
the delight of his mind. Two or three of his novels 
were published in book form, and read with relish 
by those who prefer shadow to substance. After his 
conversion to God, he often expressed regret that he 
had written these works, and whenever he could 
obtain a copy it never was read again by any person. 

Literature induced him to remove to Halifax, 
where, in the midst of vanity and folly, he was 
arrested by the Divine Spirit, and became an earnest 
seeker of salvation. It was at the midnight hour- 
just as the watch-night service in the old Wesleyan 





e a 

Chapel, Argyle street, was being brought to a close, 
— that he, having casually dropped in, was awak- 
ened to a sense of his guilty condition in the sight of 
God. From that hour his whole course of life and 
thought was altered. Soon brought into the sunshine 
of the Divine favor, he began to work for his new 
Master. Heart and hand must now toil for Jesus. 
In the vineyard of Christ, on the Wesleyan side of 
the field, he soon found congenial employment. He 
entered the ministry in 1853, and soon gave abun- 
dant proof that he was called of God to that impor- 
tant work. His fertile pen as well as fluent tongue 
were vigorously employed in extending the Re- 
deemer's kingdom. Some thrilling articles on mis- 
sions indicated an intense longing in his heart for 
the spiritual welfare of India. He would willingly 
have gone thither as a missionary had his health 
permitted. . •.-',/v:: : r • v > v'- • ■ 

By most diligent attention to study he became 
v/ell acquainted not only with theology, but with 
various branche s of scientific enquiry, especially 
geology. Some of his published articles on this 
latter subject were quite respectable productions. 
His attainments in divinity were pleasingly exhi- 
bited in a small volume of sketches of sermons. 
They were, however, very limited in their circula- 
tion. Writings of that kind, unless displaying 




remarkable genius or eccentricity, will not be 
popular in this age of the world. The writer had 
an opportunity of examining, in manuscript, a 
commentary on the Book of Revelation, which he 
contemplated publishing. Though well rrranged, 
and displaying much thought and care, it would 
probably have been about as useless and unpopular 
as more than half the writings of divines on that 
prophetic portion of the New Testament. The 
Providence of God is the best expounder of that 

Mr. McKinnon's piety was of the most earnest 
type. His preaching was argumentative, persuasive, 
forcible, and evangelical. He crowded into the nine 
years of his ministry an unusual amount of work for 
the blessed Master. His mind was frequently so 
absorbed with the great themes of the Christian 
ministry that he seemed almost to lose sight of the 
outer world Often in the family and social circle 
he was somewhat absent-minded, but never so when 
the congenial th^imes of experimental religion were 
topics of conversation. His labors were expended 
chiefly on the Guysboro', Bedeque, Middle Mus- 
quodoboit, and Shelburne circuits. On the last 
named he sank into the arms of death ; a prey to 
consumption. Full of fidth and the Holy Ghost, 
he cJieerfuUy bade adieu to a beloved wife and two 




children, assured that to die would be gain. The 
" home of the soul " was reached on the 26th 
March, 186!ii. 

Mingling with the saints in glory, 
Pondering o'er redemption's story, 

Adding to his mental store; 
Adoration his employment. 
Seeing Jesus his enjoyment; 

Safe and happy evermore. 


Samuel McM asters was born in Nova Scotia in 
1806. He entered the itinerant ranks in 1836, and 
commenced with great earnestness of mind and phy- 
sical vigor the work of a Methodisl preaclier. His 
early eftbrts awakened in the minds of Viis bretlireu 
pleasing anticipations of usefulness for a long period. 
A few years only v as he permitted to pursue the 
heavenly calling. On the Petitcodiac and Sussex 
Vale circuits he gave proof that he had not run 
before he was sent by the Divine Master. After 

is*- V A 



this he was appointed assistant preacher at Frederic- 
ton, undeV the superintendence? of the Rev. S. Busby. 
His labors were confined chiefly to the country 
parts, especially Nashwaak, where his earthly career 
terminated. He had been laboring very hard, and 
while travelling took a sevei*e cold which, ere he 
had reached his home, resulted in a violent fever 
He was completely prostrated at once During his 
illness, which was not protracted, he gave to Mr. 
Busby and others comforting evidence of the posses- 
sion of that grace which enables the believer to look 
death in the face without dismay. When visited by 
Mr. Rice (now Dr. Rice of Ontario), he informed 
him that he had been flivored Avith a delightful 
revelation of the love of God, so that for some time 
he lay exulting in the manifestations of the Divine 
fa>or. With composure he conversed with his 
wife, — to whom he had been married but one year — 
respecting his speedy departure, and in reference to 
his worldly matters. Not many hours before his 
death he said to Mr. Busby, " The love of God to 
me is inexpressible, it is like the rain coming down 
from heaven to my soul." To the last he exhorted 
his friends to press onward in the way of holiness. 
On Thursday, October 6, 1842, in the 36th year of 
his age and sixth of his ministry, he departed to be 
" forever with the Lord." 









ir — 





ir of 


Mr. McMasters was a faithful dispenser of God's 
"Word. He loved the work, hence threw into it all 
the energies of his strong nature. Though brief, 
his ministry was not in vain. His crown will not 
be starless. In a funeral sermon by the Rev. G. 
Johnson, occasioned by the death of two ministers 
within two months — the Rev. P. Sleep and the bro- 
ther of whom we write — his remarks on the minis- 
terial character of each are worthy of implicit confi- 
dence, because of his acquaintance with them. In 
using his words I give the singular instead of the 
plural number : ; " • 

"Mr. McMasters as a mn7i possessed a sound, 
healthy constitution, vigorous mind, simplicity of 
manners and inflexible integrity. As a Ohi'lsticnif 
his conversion was clear and spiritual, his piety deep 
and unassuming, and his liie was one of devotion 
and consecration to the service of God. As a min- 
ister he was called of God to preach the Gospel, was 
well acquainted with the great fundamental doctrines 
of the Bible ; delivered the truth as it is in Jesus, 
with clearness, zeal, ability and success ; was emi- 
nently owned of God, and ceased at once to work 
and live. As a fellow-laborer, he was kind and 
obliging, ever laboring with his colleagues as mem- 
bers of one great family, whose? business it was to 
contribute to the peace, order, and happiness of the 
whole." -r . ^ ,z-.:- 

The less of this devoted servant of God from the 







^ .^ 

>° WJ'.. 

,**' .'^<' 







^t& illM 1112,5 








6" — 












t ». 




WEBSTER, N.Y. 14S80 

(716) 872-4503 





New Brunswick District was severely felt at the 
time, owing to the scarcity of ministers. But the 
Lord removes from and calls into the harvest 
according to His own will, which is always right. 

It is ours to submit, not to murmur. 

Thy gifts if we may not detiiin, 

Abide with us Life-giver : 
Our brethren we shall meet again 

Beyond time's flowing river; 
There shall the " whole family" remain** 

In joy and peace forever. 



Arthur McNutt was born at Shelburne, Nova 
Scotia, in the year 1795. He experienced religion 
in his twelfth year, but afterwards declined some- 
what from the path of duty, and lost his first love. 
He remained for some years in this lukewarm con- 
dition, until, during a gracious revival of religion in 
Liverpool, he realized a large baptism of the Holy 
Spirit, which constrained him to begin at once to 
exhort his fellow sinners to repent and seek salva- 
tion The Lord graciously owned his labors, caus- 





It the 



ion in 
ice to 

ing him to rejoice in the conversion of many souls 
through his instrumentality. It thus became evi- 
dent to all who were interested in the cause of God 
that the ministry was his proper calling. After ex- 
ercising his gifts, for some considerable time, as an 
itinerating local preacher, he was duly received into 
the ranks of the regular ministry, and appointed to 
a circuit in 1828. He was among the earliest na- 
tive preachers, if not the first, in this 'Province. 
Nearly all our first preachers were from Great Bri- 
tain. But Methodism, in its operations, is always 
successful in obtaining a supply for the ministry 
from its members, class leaders and exhorters. So 
largely is this case that at present our Conference is 
chie% composed of men born in these Colonies, 
when the writer entered the work in 1846, a large 
majority of our ministers were from the Mother 
Country. It is not so at present; only a few of 
these veterans remain. 

Mr. McXutt entered upon his ministeral duties 
with humbling views of his abilities for the great 
work. His aim was to glorify God in being an 
instrument in His hands for the salvation of sinners, 
assured, from the teaching of the Divine Word, 
that efforts, however humble, put forth in Jesus* 
name, would be crowned with success, and that 
success be made known to the planter and the 



II m 

waterer, in such a manner as to cause them to feel 
that their labor was not in vain i the Lord. 

Multitudes in various portions of Nova Scotia 
and New Brunswick, still lingering on the shores of 
time, have cause to bless the Lord that they ever 
heai'd the voice, and greeted the noble form of 
Arthur McNutt. Truly, he had souls for his hire ; 
and in some places not much else. But a genuine 
Gospel minister would rather have the souls with 
scanty fare, than abundance without them. Both 
are desirable. And when the Chui-ch does its duty, 
as promptly as God does his, both will contribute to 
the faithful minister's enjoyment. 

There was about this brother a Christian manli- 
ness and frankness that greatly endeared him to all 
who were favored with his acquaintance. His deep- 
toned voice, ardent piety, powerful prayers, and 
scripture quotations rendered his public services and 
discourses awakening, impressive, and comforting. 
As he desii-ed and sought after practical results, his 
sermons were permeated with evangelical truth. 
7 [ere full of plain experimental ideas than of pro- 
fovmd metaphysical thought, he was more anxious to 
do good than to become an adept at splitting theolo- 
gical hairs. High toned in moral principle, he ab- 
horred evil in all its forms. Nor was he slow to 
reprove and exhort when occasion required. Oir- 





Ires of 

im of 

Ihire ; 
I Both 

ite to 

to all 
I, and 
Is and 
js, his 
ms to 
le ab- 
low to 

cumspect, cautious, noble-minded, conscientious, and 
deeply devoted to God, we are not surprised that he 
was eminently useful. During the five years of his 
supernumerary life, he was not inactive, but endea- 
vored in every possible way to advance the cause of 
Christ. He died, as he lived, happy in the Lord. 
Just before his departure, he exclaimed, '' The star 
of Bethlehem shines on me now." Thus he passed 
away in the 68th year of his age, and 35th year of 
his ministry, May 12th, 1864. His mortal remains 
rests in the cemetery at Halifax, awaiting the resur- 
rection of the just. 

" Tl)o real nobility of birth 

To pge, maturity, or youth, 
The very crown of creature worth, 

Is easy, guileless, open truth." 


George Millar was born in Ireland, in 1788, of 
parents who were descendants of the Palp^-aes, 
German Protestants, who settled in the county of 
Limerick in 1709. Many of these people were 
converted to God under the preaching of the Rev. 
John Wesley, in connection with his early visits to 






Ireland. Some of them emigrated from Ireland to 
New York in 1766, and were instrumental in estab* 
lishing the Methodist Church in America. 

Mr. Millar's father was among the first to receive 
Mr. Wesley and his coadjutors into his house. The 
Lord blessed with spiritual prosperity the families 
which thus, in the face of vi olent persecution, ad- 
mitted to their circles these eminent preachers of the 
Gospel. Brother Millar early in life experienced 
that change of heart, and witness of adoption into 
the family of God, without which no man is ever 
called by the Holy Ghost into the work and office of 
the ministry. The influence of the grace thus received 
urged him to work for his Divine Master, first as a 
class leader, then as a Local preacher, — the ordinary 
curriculum of study and preparation in those days 
for a Methodist preacher. Admirable prepai'ation — 
just as necessary now as it was then. True, it 
affixed no A. B. or D. D. to the name ; but the honor 
of greatest importance was always realized by the 
faithful servants of Christ, even the honor that 
Cometh from God. 

When a Local preacher, Mr. Millar emigrated to 
Nova Scotia, an'd shortly after, in 1817, entered the 
itinerant ranks. In those days ministers were truly 
itinerants. Some circuits embraced scores of miles, 
scattered settlements and bad roads, not suitable for 

id to 



If the 


ice of 


as a 


Ion — 

le, it 




led to 




ile for 



carriage travelling, and if they had been so, there 
were in many places neither carriages nor horses. 
Mr. Millar, fearless of danger or toil, girded on the 
armor, and went forth throughout these Provinces, 
proclaiming with energy, fidelity, and less or more 
success, the everlasting Gospel. He possessed a 
superior mind, — • this, with a retentive memory 
well exercised, made him familiar with truth and 
error from a variety of sources. His sermons 
were well arranged, and carefully studied and pre- 
pared. Hence they abounded with Ic^cal argu 
ments, earnest appeals, and striking illustrations 
frequently drawn from the sublime science of astro 
nomy. He did not bring " unbeaten oil " into the 
sanctuary. And he was too diligent and high-toned 
in moral principle to be a servile plagiarist. If he 
borrowed thought from others, as all ministers do, 
he expressed it in language of his own, which all 
preachers do not. The central truth of the Christian 
system, the atonement, always had due prominence 
given it in his preaching. His published sermon 
on that subject, in the Provincial Magazine for 
1842, indicates great grasp of thought, and sound 
theological views. It is also elevated in its style, 
felicitous in its illustrations, and adapted to do good. 
He rightly divided the word of truth. 

After becoming a supernumerary he endeared 

himself to many friends at Bridgetown by his social 
6 * 



MBltfORIAtS Ot' 

and domestic virtues. Deeply interested in Zion*i» 
welfare, he not only prayed, but to the utmost of his 
strength labored for its prosperity. No bigot, he" 
rejoiced in the progress of truth outside the circle of 
his beloved Methddism.^ In fa«t he was too good ai^ 
Methodist to be a bigot.' As age advanced, infirmi- 
ties increased, until the last affliction came. But 
this did not shake his confidence in God, or dry up 
the fountain of joy. " I have a house above," were 
among his last words. In a joyous state of mind 
he crossed " the narrow stream of death," on the 
14th July, 1869, in the 81st year of his age, and 
5^nd of his ministry. 

When the tabernacle fell into rttinous (Jecay, 
The longing spirit hastened gladly from the house of clay 
To the more congenial clime, where the spirits of the just 
Watt in never finding prttne tor the unforgotteh dust. 








William Murray, a native of Barnard Castle, 
England, was born in the year 1800. He became 
a subject of saving grace in early life, and devoted 
himself to the work of preaching. He came to this 
country and entered the ministry in 1825. His first 
circuit, according to the stations in the Missionary 
Report, was Westmoreland and Petitcodiac, under 
the superintendence of the Rev. S. Bamford. After 



I, he- 
le of 








tins he occupied in regular succession the following 
circuits: — Annapolis, Digby, St. Stephen, Sussex 
Vale, Petitcodiac again, Bathurst, and Sheffield. In 
1834 Newfoundland became the scene of his laborR. 
He had, however, travelled only two circuits there, 
when his health «o failed as to obHge ham to desist 
from the work. From his last station. Port de Grave, 
he sought a restoration of his health by returning to 
the place of his birth, and from thence to the West 
Indies — but all in vain. His energies were pros- 
trated and cotild not he rejuvenated. His name 
appears among the supernumeraries at St. John, 
N. B., from the year 1837 until his death in 1840. 
He was a man of great watchfulness and prayer ; 
•ever intent on doing good, a lover of truth and 
right, jealous for the honor of God, and anxious to 
extend the influences of MethoiHsna, believing it to 
be a special work of God for the salvation of men. 

His afflictions were protracted and severe. In 
the midst of great physical suffering he was called 
to endure intense mental grief in the death of his 
beloved wife. But he was graciously sustained. 
To several of his biaethren he gave most satisfactory 
evidence of a well grounded hope in the Divine 
Redeemer. His trials were exchanged for the en- 
joyments of Paradise on the 16th January, 1840. 

" cares like a wild deluge coiriye, 
And storms of sorrow foU^ 
JMay -l but safely reach iiiy home. 
My CtOii, my Ilenven, my All." 



!!' l^ 




Among the forty-three ministers who have died 
within the bounds of our Conference since 1816, 
the mcst youthful in years and ministerial standing 
was the Rev William S. Shenstone. He was born 
at Three Rivers, Canada East, in the year 1838, and 
was the son of one of our early missionaries, who 
still lingers on the shores of time, waiting with 
patience, among his brethren in Newfoundland, for 
the welcome word to call him away to the enjoy- 
ments and employment of his sainted son in the 
heavenly countiy. 

Few men have had a son more amiable and pro- 
mising. Seriously inclined from his youth, yet he 
needed " the washing of regeneration, and renew- 
ing of the Holy Ghost." This he realized in his 
sixteenth yeai', and in four years after entered our 
ministerial enclosure. Well equipped he went forth 
as a soldier of the cross, to do service for Jesus in 
this revolted Province of the Most High. The 
labors of his third circuit had only commenced, when 
he was called to exchange the delightful yet aiduous 
work of the Gospel vineyard for the furnace of afflic- 
tion. But he found, according to the Divine word, 
" grace to help in time of need." His sickness was 
brief, — not more than three weeks in duration. T'he 





>8, and 
}, who 

id, for 
I enjoy- 
in the 

|d pro- 
ret he 
lin his 

bd our 
It forth 
psus in 
, word> 
Iss was 

loving presence of God was with him to the end, 
enabling him to rejoice even in the " swellings of 
Jordan." He went home in the triumphs of faith, 
from the shores of Newfoundland, on the Slst 
August, 1861, in the 25th year of his age, and 4th 
of his ministry. 

His well-developed natural abilities rendered his 
services as a preacher very acceptable. The circuits 
of Bonavista and Carbonear testify to this effect 
He was greatly beloved by the people, and fond 
hopes were cherished that he would make an ex- 
ceedingly useful minister of Christ. Thoughtful 
and studious, he was not content to survey merely 
the surface of truth, but sought to penetrate the 
inner world of human thought, that he might bring 
out of the treasury, in accordance with the will of 
the Master, " things new and old.*' No book fs so 
full of useful and profound thought as the Bible, 
and no man so fit to explore it as the devout Chris- 
tian. The pleasing anticipations of the parents were 
not fully realized in reference to this young man s 
earthly career. But they with him were enabled to 

say, " the will of the Lord be done." 

'' Blest hour when righteous souls shall meet. 

Shall meet to part no more ; 
And with celestial welcome greet, 

On an iiuinortal shore : 
Each tender tie dissolved with pain 

With endless bliss is crowned, 
All that was dead revives again, 

All that was lost is found.** 





Pbtbr Sleep was born in England in 1804. He 
experienced religion there, and for some time dis- 
charged the duties of a Local preacher. Shortly 
after he came to this country he entered the itin- 
erant work, which he performed as diligently and 
earnestly as his not robust constitution would allow* 
His first circuit (1835) was St. Stephen and St. 
David,— both places were then embraced in one 
circuit. Next year we find his name on the minutes 
for Bathurst. rhe next and three following years he 
was at Bridgetown and Aylesford, under the super- 
intendence of the Rev. William Temple. In 1840 
he became a visiting missionaiy for the New Bruns- 
wick District. His next circuit was Sussex Vale. 
His labors closed while on the Petitcodiac station. 
His last illness was short,, but very painful. In its 
midst he realized largely the consolations of Divine 
grace. A day or two before his death he dictated 
the following letter to a brother minister : — 

" Dbar Brother Woop>— 

I am now lingering on my beJ of suffering, the effects of 
acute inflammation in the 8ton>aek ; and in a few hours I ex- 
pect to be an inhabitant of another world 1 was favored 
yesterday morning u'ith sueh a proof of my interest in Jesus 
that leads me to hope that I shall soon be witli Him." 

He departed peacefully from a dilapidated house 
to the " building not made with hauds^" on the Bxh 
















day of August. 184^, in the d8th year of his age^ 
and eighth of his ministry. 

Mr. Sleep was a ve^.^ holy man. Not famed as a 
profound thinker, or very eloquent preacher ; yet 
he was the means of bringing many sinners to God. 
An unusual amount of awakening and sanctifying 
power attended his pulpit ministrations. He took 
an active part in some of the first protracted meet- 
ings in the Provinces. The living fruits of his 
devout ministry are still found among us, though the 
greater number, like himself, have gone to try the 
realities of eternity. All along the valley of Anna- 
polis the name of Poster Sleep, among the more aged 
members of our church, is still fragrant with sacred 
memories of times of refreshing connected with his 
ministry. It is also probably the same wherever he 
labored, but we speak that which we know. 

— •• Can that man be dead 
Whose spirilual influence is upon his kind? 
He lives in glory ; and his speaking dust 
Has more of life than half its breathing moulds." 

its of 
11 ex- 
Ivor eti 

to use 


William Smithson was a native of Yorkshire, 
England, and began his earthly career in 1797, He 
sought and obtained the fovor of God when nine- 
teen years of age. Shortly afterwards he began to 




m pr-'i- 

exhort sinners to seek the Lord. Having given 
satisfactory proof of his call to the ministry while 
exercising his talents as a Local preacher, he was in 
1825 received as a candidate into the ranks of the 
itinerants. After laboring fcT a time in the Shet- 
land Islands, he was sent out as a Missionary to 
New Brunswick. From that time, 1827, to the end 
of life on earth, he discharged with great efficiency 
the duties of a Methodist preacher in these colonies. 
Most of his ministerial life was spent in New Bruns- 
wick* He occupied successively at least ten circuits 
in what was then the New Brunswick District ; some 
of them the second time. Hie last circuit was New- 
port, N. S. He became a supernumeraiy in 1865> 
and took up his residence at Fredericton. He still 
toiled in the vineyard to the utmost of his ability. 
Activity was more congenial to his mind than rest. 
He was employed in the work he loved so well until 
his latest hour. His last public exercises were at a 
prayer meeting in the Wesleyan church. He had 
just closed the service in the usual way, and, while 
in the act of put .ing on his overcoat, was seized with 
paralysis, never spake again, and died the next 
morrmg. Thus gloriously went home to God, the 
amiable, earnest, pious, and useful William Smith- 
son, in the 69th year of his age, and 4 1st of his 

The minutes of Conference for 1866, in a brief 
















I until 

at a 

[, the 

>f his 


record respecting his ministerial character, state that 
f* He was eminently distinguished for catholicity of 
spirit, for great singleness of purpose, and for un- 
wearied zeal in the cause of God." His energetic 
mind influenced not only his speech, but all his 
movements. He was full of Methodistic, Yorkshire 
fire, yet gentle, sympathizing, and Christ-like. A 
good specimen of Christian cheerfulness ; morose- 
ness and grumbling found no place within the circle 
of his soul's genial influence. He was not puflSsd 
up, but conscious of many imperfections, as his 
utterances at Conference Love feasts testiiftcd ; but 
he was more intent on looking to Jesus than in look- 
ing at himself. The popularity of some of his 
brethren did not awaken feelings of jealousy in his 
mind. He rejoiced in the conversion of sinners, 
and the edification of behevers, thi'ough any instru- 
mentality ; regarding ever the instrument as of less 
import mce than the work effected. 

His sermons, though not remarkable for enchant- 
ing displays of rhetoric, or profound intellectual 
creations of thought, were rich in experimental and 
practical ideas, well adapted to promote the objects 
contemplated by every Gospel minister. They were 
not mere skeletons, but well clothed with meat, and, 
when digested, were found to abound with the mar- 
row of the Gospel. 

He attended well to the interests of his circuits, 



and sometimes, when officials neglected their duty 
in gathering the tithes, he submitted reluctantly to 
perform the work himself. This is an imposition 
on any minister. Yet many must do it, or suffer 
serious inconvenience. 

There was much truth as well as humor, and also 
useful lessons for some of our people, in an anecdote 
that went the rounds of religious papers not long 
since. A minister in the States, whose people inti- 
mated to him that they were about to raise his salary 
from four hundred to five hundred dollars, objected 
to the proposal, giving as his reason that, as he was 
in the habit of collecting his own salary, judging 
from past difficulties in so doing, he feaied that to 
collect an additional hundred dollars would kill hiLi 


*' Prayer is the Christian's vital breath, 
The Christian's native air, 
His watchword at the gates of deaths 
He enterg Heaven with prayer." 

i !»; 


William Smith was born in Bingham, Notting- 
hamshire, England, in 1801. In early life fatherless, 
yet he was cared for by a truly excellent mother, 
who not only sought after his physical and intellec- 
tual welfare, but endeavored to instil into his open - 
*ng mind the great truths of the Bible bearing on 



self-respect, virtuous thought, and religious fidelity. 
Nor were her prayerful efforts m vain. She expect- 
ed and realized the fulfilment of the gracious prom- 
ise of Jehovah to faithful parents, " I will pour my 
spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thy off- 
spring." While yet in the years of boyhood he was 
brought into fellowship with the Redeemer, and with 
the Wesleyan branch of His Church. Very studi- 
ous and successful in acquiring knowledge, he began 
to exercise his gifts, in connection with the church 
of his choice, to the profit and satisfaction of those 
who came within the range of his influence. In 
the usual way accepted as a candidate for the min- 
istry, and willing to be employed wherever sent, he 
was appointed as a missionary to Nova Scotia in 
1827. In these Provinces for 36 years he travelled 
some of our most important circuits, and filled our 
pulpits with acceptance and spiritual profit. He 
was a profound thinker ; most extensive, yet careful 
reader, and an able theologian. At first sight to a 
stranger there was nothing about him very prepos- 
sessing as regards outward appearance, but even a 
slight acquaintance would impress the mind of an 
intelligent man with the fact that his mental nature 
was of a superior order, and that his attainments in 
general knowledge were more than ordinary. "We 
have rarely met with any who excelled him in quot- 
ing correctly the words of Scripture. Though con- 









versant with many books, he was, as every preacher 
should be, more familiar with the Bible. His ser- 
mons, well studied, were good specimens of evan- 
gelical preaching, not brilliant oratorical flourishes 
and sentimental phrases, out luminous with rays of 
truth from the Sun of Righteousness. And yet, be- 
cause of a somewhat defective delivery, they were 
not as attractive or popular as those of some men 
of smaller mental calibre, but more abundant words. 
At the United District Meeting at Sackville, in 1847, 
Mr. Smith preached before many of his brethren, in 
a large room of the Academy, a powerful sermon 
from the text " For God hath not appointed us to 
wrath, &c." That sermon was blessed, we had rea- 
son to believe, to the conversion of at least one soul, 
— a rare occurrence (I regret to say) at our minis- 
terial convocations. 

Some men have the faculty of exhibiting their 
mental possessions to the best advantage ; they shine 
with a very little light, their knowledge comes very 
rapidly from even the depths of their natures, as it 
has but a 6hort distance to travel. They are speed- 
ily known and read of all men. Soon exhaused, 
the supply is kept up by careless plagiarism, or 
wearisome repetition. Mr. Smith was not one of 
this kind ; in him there was more hidden than 
revealed. He was well acquainted with human 
nature, and with experimental godliness. His 





fn, in 


IS to 

I soul, 


prayers indicated his fellowship with God. Many 
of these remarkable outpourings of soul will long 
be remembered with gratitude to God. Some men 
probably accomplish more upon their kiiees than in 
any other attitude. These, however, do not gen- 
erally receive on earth th<? credit they deserve, but 
Je.sus, the Judge, wiil place the crown on the right 
head. Our brother closed his missionary career 
without realizing the peculiar trials of a super- 
numerary, or a lingering illness. Suddenly the 
message came, and suddenly he removed from the 
field of toil to the land of rest, in the 62nd year of 

his age, and 36th of his ministry. 

*'' There is no death ! What seems so is transition *, 
This life of mortal breath 
Is but the suburb of the life elysian, 
Whose portal we call death." 



as it 
iu, or 

le of 




-I -^ ii\mMl 


John Snowball was bom in Yorkshire, England, 
September 2, 1784. His parents endeavored to 
bring him up in the fear of God, in accordance with 
the teaching of the established Church. Ill verf^ 
early life he was often deeply impressed with eternal 
things, which led him to form good resolutions, 
which, howeter, w^re disregarded ; again renewed 





IB^^Br ' 

MN^^K ' 


under the influence of affliction, and again forgotten 
when the season of trial was past. At length he 
began to attend Wesieyan preaching, when his con- 
victions deepened, and he commenced to seek the 
Lord in good earnest. Nor did he seek in vain. 
The blessing came, — a conscious pardon, filling his 
soul with joy unutterable. He now took great de- 
light in attending class meeting, the exercises of 
which he found to be in unison with the promptings 
of the new nature. He was thus strengthened for 
duty and conflict And trials came, — persecution 
from dear ones, whose knowledge of Divine things 
was not sufficient to enable them to appreciate his 
experience, or sanction his practice of praying and 
speaking in public. But he read his Bible, and 
prayed three or f<)ur times a day, and carefully 
eschewed evil, so that he was not " moved away from 
the hope of the Gospel." Continuing to grow in 
grace and knowledge, he soon was found working 
for God in the capacity of a Local preacher on the 
Thirsk Circuit. Shortly after this he came to this 
country in order to engage in worldly business. 
But the people of God, perceiving his abilities for 
usefulness in the Church, encouraged him to yield to 
convictions, which he had felt for some years before 
in reference to the work of the ministry. He was 
received as a probationer for the work, at the District 
meeting held at Hali^ in 18 18k Between that 










time and 1837 he occupied the following circuits 
in Nova Scotia: — Annapolis, Yarmouth, Remsheg 
(Wallace), Newport, Parrsboro', Horton, Sydney, 
and two in P. E. Island. I^rom 18a7 until 1852 
he labored in Newfoundland, and from that until 
he became a supernumerary, in 1863, chiefly in 
New Brunswick. His nine years of supernumerary 
life were spent in Sackville, N. B. 

Mr. Snowball was eminently successful in for- 
warding the cause of God in its various departments 
during his whole ministerial career. He had a 
large share of good sense, and was an excellent ad- 
viser. He apprehended the bearing of a subject 
very readily, and though sometimes his opinions 
differed from those of some of his brethren, it was 
generally found afterwards that he was right. He 
was an excellent economizer, both for himself and 
for the circuits on which he was stationed. Many 
of these he found burdened with debt, but by his 
tact and frequent liberality the incubus was re- 
moved. He was always careful in obeying the 
Apostolic precept, " Owe no man anything ;" and 
the equally important rule of our Society, **not 
taking up goods without a probability of paying for 
them." Everywhere he cherished and encouraged 
habits of industry and improvement, both mental 
and moral. His interest in our Sackville institu- 


tions is well known. 

Nor was he content with 










prosperity in reference to the temporal affairs of the 
Church, — he sought in every possible way to bring 
sinners to God, and he was successful. Hundreds, 
by his faithful words and earnest prayers, in and out 
of the pulpit, were brought to the knowledge of the 
truth. He had a high appreciation of our standard 
works on theology, and endeavored to scatter them 

If he lacked some of the essentials of the highest 
style of pulpit oratory, neither himself nor the 
Church had cause to regret it, as he had those men- 
tal and moral endowments which fitted him for the 
accomplishment of a vast amount of good. His last 
illness was brief, and his departure sudden. He 
was ready and willing to go. He left dear ones on 
earth for dearer ones in heaven, on the 13th Sep- 
tember, 1871, in the 87th year of his age and fifty- 

' nd of his ministry. 

No more on earth yv'Uh pleasing smile, 

And kindly word he'll greet us, 
But calmly wait the " little while," 

On the other side he'll meet us. 


John B. Stuong was born in Bingham, Notting- 
hamshire, England, in 1789. After a clear con- 
version he felt impelled by the convictions of the 



Divine Spirit to engage in the arduous duties of 
the Wesleyan ministry, which he entered in the 
year 1813. In 1814 he came out as a missionary 
to Canada. His station was Quebec, being the 
first minister appointed ^here by the British Con- 
ference. His next circuit was Montreal. He 
remained not long in Canada, but came to Nov^ 
Scotia, where he was rendered a great blessing to 
many of our most important circuits With the ex- 
ception of a short period in England, his days were 
spent in the Maritime Provinces, particularly in 
P. E. Island. After becoming a supernumerary in 
1850, he was not idle, but preached almost as often 
as some in the effective work. Still he was incapa- 
citated for circuit duties on account of dullness in 
hearing. His last days were spent chiefly in P. E. 
Island, among his affectionate and pious children. 
Most of his soiis are active, useful Local preachers. 
Here the evening shades of life gathered around 
him, but the abundant grace of God was realized to 
the end. He died calmly reposing in the blood of 
atonement, on the 16th May, 1870, in the eightieth 
year of his age, and fifty-seventh of his ministry . 

Mr. Strong was a real Englishman, thoroughly 
Methodistic, a beautiful singer, a popular preacher, 
and a successful pastor ; surpassed by none, and 
equalled by few missionaries in these Provinces. 
An intimate personal acquaintance, first in his own 




, I 




Island home, and subsequently in Fredericton and 
other places, greatly endeared him to the writer. 
Capable of that eminent virtue, real friendshipi he 
won the esteem and affectionate regard of all his 
brethren. Lofty in Christian purpose, and single 
in aim, he excelled in accomplishing the sublime 
objects of the ministry of reconciliation. A finer 
exhibition of uniform integrity, ministerial fidelity, 
and brotherly regard I have never seen than was 
given to the Church and to the world in the life and 
labors of this brother. 

His sermons were evidently well studied, and fre- 
quently written out at full length, then caiefully put 
away in the secret chambers of a most tenacious 
memory. A distinct utterance, mellow voice, well 
chosen words full of evangelical meaning, rendered 
his preaching welcome in all our pulpits. Many 
stai's will adorn his crown of rejoicing in the day of 
the Lord Jesus. He was eminently adapted physi- 
cally for an itinerant ; a small body, but admirably 
put together, enclosed a large heart and well-bal- 
aaced intellect. He had more good sense than 
genius, was better at compiling than at originating 
thought, and more anxious tc ave souls than to win 
popular applause. 

In his early ministry he was emphatically an itin- 
erant, travelling chiefly on horseback. He was not 
only morally but physically upright, especially when 
placed on the back of a noble stee-l, and he never 



kept any other kind. He has often said that if there 
should be a resurrection of the brute creation, he 
would not be ashamed to face any of the quadru- 
peds that had carried him over the rugged mission 
field. It is probable that some brethren are glad to 
believe that such a doctrine is not true. A minister 
whose circuit extended from Sackville, N. B., to 
Wallace, N. S., must have driven many long jour- 
neys, and required a powerful animal to accomplish 
the work. Mr. Strong could do it without injury 
to his horse. 

At the time of his peaceful death this venerable 
man of God was the oldest minister in the Conference 
of Eastern British America, yet he was able only two 
years before, at the Conference in Charlottelown, to 
give his younger brethren most excellent advice, in 
the form of an effective speech on the temperance 
and tobacco question Few, even among ministers, 
can truthfully say with our aged brother ** Forty 
years « teetotaler J*^ -^ 

But his work on earth is done. It was well done. 
No more on this planet shall we listen to those mel- 
low tones, powerful and soothing, which once filled 
our largest Qhurches with music, ** sweet music." 
He has joined the heavenly choir, where he shall 
continue to sing * While immortality endures." 

" We shall meet again , dear brother, 
Happy on the other shore; 
We Himll surely know each other» 
Better than in days of jore." 






Joseph Sutcliffe was a native of Yorkshire, 
England. He was led to give himself to Jesus and 
His cause through the instrumentality of the Rer. J. 
Roadhouse. This important event took place in 
early life. Surrounded by Methodistic influences 
and privileges, and evidently possessing gifts for 
usefulness in the Church, he was soon called forth 
into the field of toil, — first as a Sabbath-school 
teacher, — noble work, worthy of the best hearts and 
wisest heads, — then as a prayer leader, — blessed 
employment, — then as a Local preacher, in which 
office he particularly excelled. For more than 
twenty years he thus exercised his gifts and grace, 
with much acceptance and profif to those to whom . 
he ministered in holy things. 

Coming to Nova Scotia in 1855, when ministerial 
help was much needed, he was, though more than 
forty years of age, received as a candidate for the 
regular ministry. For ten years he performed the 
duties of a Methodist preacher on some of our most 
extensive and laborious circuits. These were as 
follows : Middle Musquodoboit, Guysboro', Ship 
Harbor, Hants Harbor, (N. F.) Nashwaak and 
Greenwich. ()*' • t* last named circuit the expo 











«ure incident on long journeys was too much for his 
not robust constitution. He was compelled to 
become a supernumerary, and before the year had 
closed his earthly career was ended. 

In the pulpit brother SutclifFe was not as ener- 
getic as some preachers, but his sermons were 
freighted with sound Methodist doctrine, quite in 
accordance with New Testament theology. He was 
rather a good sermonizer, — more practical than the- 
oretical, — ^more pointed than welcome sometimes, — 
more substance than fancy, he aimed to please God, 
not to tickle the ears of his hearers with witty say- 
ings. In fine, there was too much of the old Metho- 
dist style in his sermons to elicit popular applause 
in our day. 

Less fond of complaining than some who have 
less cause to do so, he persued the even tenor of his 
way amid many discouragements. His last illness 
was very painful and protracted. But in all u© 
acquiesced in the Divine will, and a short time be- 
fore his death, intimated that he was happy in the 
love of God. He passed away to the " land of 
rest," on Sept. 30th, 1867, in the 55th year of his 
age, and tenth cf his ministry. 

** Earth's pleasures and sorrows forever farewell* 
I hasten vrith Jeeus and angels to dvecU. ' 


118 OF 






If WSm 


Alfred W. Tuhner, son of the Rev. George 
Turner of England, was born in the year 1838. 
His parents being Wesleyanc he was given early to 
God in baptism, nnd by subsequent training devoted 
to His blessed service. When quite youthful his 
ardent thirst fur knowledge was largely gratified by 
the superior advantages of Woodhouse Grove school, 
where he studied for seven years, the last year of 
the 8ev<^n being gra.itcd because of the high moral 
position be attained, and for diligence and success in 
literary studies. The beneficial results of the wise 
training there received were pleasingly manifested 
duiing the whole period of his life on earth. Hav- 
ing tasted that the Lord is gracious, he was divinely 
prompted to publish that grace to his fellow men. 
Recommended to thio Conference by the Ne\vfound- 
land district, he became a candidate for our work in 
the 22nd year of his age. Having honorably passed 
through the probationary years, he was ordained at 
Sackville in 1864. He discharged the onerous and 
responsible duties of the ministry with great accept- 
ance in Trinity, Exploits, and St. John's, Newfound- 
land, when he was appointed to Halifax, South. 
Here it soon became evident to all that he was a 



[ly to 
;ar of 

jss in 




)rk ill 
bed at 
IS and 


was a 

worlcman that needed not to be ashamed, rightly 
dividing the word ,of truth. 

To the Sabbath school he devoted special and 
prayerful attention, ever impressed with the import- 
ance of that department of chiistian effort. His 
addresses there, as well as sermons generally, were 
models of neatness, beautiful in diction, well steeped 
in prayer, and pei'n^eated with Gospel truth. They 
were remarkable, not for startling out-bursts of elo- 
quence, but for their vehement simplicity. One 
regret only was felt in listening to his well arranged 
thoughts and unctuous sentences, — the evident 
weakness of his vocal powers,. The tax necessarily 
laid upon his voice by the large churches of Halifax 
was too much for his consumptive nature. He soon 
fell a victim to pulmonary disease. 

Brother Turner possessed an unusually well- 
balanced and fertile mind, stored with various know- 
ledge of nature and human nature. Yet he was 
very unassuming and docile. Great minds, well 
cultured, generally make less noise and preten- 
sions to greatness than those of superficial attain- 
ments. In order to know and appreciate the vari- 
ous excellencies of his mental and moral nature, 
intimate acquaintance was necessary. His domestic 
enclosure was a happy place, because of the con- 
stant and pervading influence of a high-toned piety. 

No acidity of temper soured the sweetness of the 





home circle. The voice of his actions, nerer im- 
paired by serious defect, proclaimed more loudly 
than his voice in the pulpit the power of saving 
gmce. Like his sermons, his whole character was 
beautifully symmetrical. For the last eighteen 
months of his life he suffered much, but was kept 
in perfect peace. He died as he lived, in the favor 
of God, a sinner saved by grace, in the 33rd year of 

his age ana eleventh of his ministry. 

Too fragile for the autumnal blast) 

Or piercing cold of winter ; 
Beyond the climes of earth he passed, 

The heavenly home to enter. 
Not sickly there, robust and strong, 

With spiritual endowments ; 
Few louder sing redemption's song, 

Or drink in more enjoyments. 


William Webb, from England, in early life 
experienced the converting grace of God. Under 
the influence of the Spirit, which he received 
when adopted into the family of God, he was not 
only enabled tocry, Abbi, Father, but powerfully 
convinced that he ought to cry to the fallen race of 
man, ** Come to the living waters, come," he found 
his way, not by nature, but by impelling grace to 
thti sacred desk. He was sent out as a Missionary 




le of 
je to 

to Nova Scotia in 1827, and attended to his minis- 
terial duties with commendable zeal and encourag- 
ing success. He travelled many circuits in Nova Scotia, 
Cape Breton, and P. E. Island, and often witnessed 
great revivals in the course of his ministry, — the 
best evidence, doubtless, of being in the line of 
apostolical succession. " The seal of mine apostle- 
ship are ye in the Lord." Perhaps in no place 
where he travelled was there a more genuine and 
extensive work of God than on the Lunenburg cir- 
cuit in 1841 and 1842. The results of that glo- 
rious revival are still seen in the membership of our 
church in that region of country. Many, however, 
have gone to the heavenly home to greet once more 
the instrument of their salvation. His name is still 
dear to many in that circuit. His faithful ministry 
extended over a period of twenty years, when he 
was stricken down with disease, while yet in the 
possession of all the energies of manhood. This 
occurrec^; while he occupied the Charlottetown cir- 
cuit. Happy in *the prospect of death, he was 
enabled to say with unwavering confidence, " I am 
standing on the rock ; I have not believed in cun- 
ningly devised fables ; but I feel the power of the 
Lord." This testimony he gave in the presence of 
a clergyman of the Church of England, his iVIetho- 
dist brethren being absent, attending a United Dis- 
trict Meeting at Sackville, N. B. While his dear 


122 MEMORIAl^ or 

i ■ 

ones and pious friends were in prayer commending 
him to God, he gently fell asleep in Jesus. This 
occurred July 4th, 1847, in the 44th year of his 
age, and 20th of his ministry. 

His moral excellencies were many, — not without, 
but in connection with the exercise of living faith in 
the Divine Redeemer. There are no morals like 
those which spring from faith in Jesus. He was a 
true friend, cheerful Christian, kind husband, affec- 
tionate father, devoted pastor, and an excellent 
preacher, as the writer can testify from experience. 
Memory yet retains with distinctness the leading 
truths embodied in a sermon he preached at Amherst, 
on Paul's reasoning before Felix. It was a most 
impressive, searching, and earnest discourse. Preach- 
ing like that cannot be in vain. It is not often we 
behold, even in the ministry, a man of so many in- 
tellectual ttnd official virtues. Affiible in conversa- 
tion, with a genial disposition, serious manner, and 
intent on doing good, we are not surprised to learn 
that he was greatly beloved by his .own people, and 
highly esteemed as a man and a Christian minister by 
other denominations. He intelligently sought to 
advance the interests of Methodism, assured that it 
was the work of God in the earth, pre-eminently 
adapted to spread scriptural holiness over the land. 
He strongly denounced those Antinomian errors that 
ive still doing much mischief in the churches. '1 he 



necessity of continuance in sin is heard in many 
pulpits in our day. Our departed brother dehghted 
in presenting before his hearers the truthful doctrine 
of a present^ free, and full salvation. 


Je^«se Wheelock was a native of Nova Scotia, 
and born in Annapolis county on the 15th Septr., 
1811. Having lost his father when quite young, 
he was carefully watched over with tender sohcitude 
by a kind mother. In his seventeenth ye ir he left 
home to reside with a brother at Bridgetown. 
Shortly after he became a teacher in the Wesleyan 
Sabbath-school. It was in connection with the 
duties of that office that he became solemnly im- 
pressed with the necessity of experimental religion. 
Soon were his footsteps directed to a class meeting, 
where he found that others had been influenced as 
he was, with a sense of sin and an ardent desire for 
salvation. For months he continued a seeker. But 
in 1832, while at Aylesford, he obtained a clear 
evidence of his acceptance with God. Following 
the leadings of the Divine Spirit, he began to assist 



in holding meetings for prayer and exhortation. 
While thus engaged his convictions became strong 
and abiding that the Head of the Church desired 
him to give himself wholly to the work of the min- 
istry. In 1836 he was led providentially to Liver- 
pool, N. S., and became associated with that devoted 
man of God, the Rev. Matthew Cranswick. He 
had not been long preaching when, becoming con- 
vinced that the doctrine of entire sanctification, as 
preached by the Methodists, was the doctrine of the 
New Testament, he earnestly sought, and by faith 
obtained, this pearl of great price. After this, in 
Shubenacadie and Truro, he pursued with great 
diligence and success the work he loved more than 

But soon his health began to fail, and his friendt 
advised him to try for a time a residence in 
a tropical climate. Accordingly he embarked at 
Halifax for Grenada on the 27th December, 1838. 
He reached the Island after a prosperous voyage, 
and remained there until the 10th April following, 
when he returned to his native land. His health 
had so much improved that it was thought he might 
again enter upon circuit work. He was forthwith 
appointed to the beautiful ana flourishing town of 
Yarmouth. But on commencing his labors he 
soon found that he was utterly unable to continue in 
the vineyard,, and with great reluctance, with the 



1 strong 
le min- 
ig con- 
Ion, as 
lof the 
lis, in 
le than 

ice in 
ted at 
iwn of 
:s he 
luc in 

advice of his brethren, left the circuit and spent a 
few weeks with his dear friends in Liverpool. As 
winter approached he resolved to try again the 
climate of the West Indies. He sailed from Liver- 
pool on the 9th November, 1839, and arrived at 
Antigua on the 4th December of the same year. 
After five months' sojourn among Methodist fiiends 
on the Island he sailed for Londonderry, Ireland. 
His tarrying there was short, for rapidly declining 
health urged him to hasten home to die. On the 
7th September, 1840, he arrived once more at 
Bridgetown. Still anxious, if possible, to regain 
health, he spent the winter in Boston, but was ob- 
liged to return in May to his friends in Nova Scotia, 
where he continued to live in weakness and much 
suffering until May, 1841, when, after uttering the 
Saviour's consoling declaration, " I will come again 
and receive you," &c., he gently fell asleep in Jesus. 

Mr. Wheelock was eminent for true devotion to 
God, ardent love for souls, tenderness of conscience, 
amiability of disposition, and the grace of humility. 
In his spirit and life, religion appeared in its loveliest 
character. His brief ministry, mingled with much 
physical infirmity, was not in vain. 

The writer has often heard, on the Maitland and 
Truro circuits, most delightful testimonies respecting 
the remarkable heavenly-mindedness, and fervent 
devotion of brother Wheelock. He was too lovely 



V;; |;i 




and fragile for the storms and turmoil of earth. The 
Lord took him to a more beauteous and healthy clime. 

*' Asleep in Jesus! 0, how sweet 
To be for such a slumber meet! 
With holy confidence to sing, 
That death hath lost its cruel sting." 


Richard Williams, a native of England, wa» 
born in the year 1789. Baptized in infancy, nur- 
tured and educated in connection with the Esta- 
blished Church, he always esteemed and loved that 
branch of the Church of Christ. Nor did he ab^ 
jure its creed in becoming a Methodist. But he 
felt it his duty to connect himself with the people 
under whose ministry he was brought to God. — 
This event took place in his sixteenth year. No 
parental or scholastic training produces an effect 
upon the mind of man equal to that of the con- 
verting grace of God. Grace in its operations is 
stronger than nature. Yes, if one or the other 
must go, the child of God says, let me have Jesus 
if my deai'est earthly friend must go. Those who 
feel this grace marvel not that the whole course 






I was 








is is 

of life is often changed by its influence. It was 
so in Mr. Williams' case. Gradually drawn into 
the work as a prayer and class leader, it became 
evident to the church that he was adapted to the 
ministry. For a few years he exercised his gifts 
as a Local preacher. But in the year 1813, under 
the direction of the sainted Jonathan Udmondson, 
then chairman of the Portsmouth district, he was 
introduced into the regular ministry. In 1815, 
having offered himself as a missionary, he was sent 
out to Quebec. He was the second preacher sent 
out by the British Conference to Canada. There 
were, besides himself, only two other preachers in 
Canada acting under the direction of the English 
Conference at that time, — ^the Kev. John B. Strong, 
Montreal, and the Rev. John DePutron, French 
Missionary. But the Episcopal Methodists had 
twelve ministers in the field, — seven in the Upper 
Canada district, and five in Lower Canada. 

After spending ten yeai'S in Canada, Mr. Wil- 
liams was appointed to St. John, N. B. A firm 
and judicious man* was just then required there to 
build up the cause, which had been recently almost 
shattered to pieces by the serious defection of one 
of our ministers. The society under Mr. Williams' 
superintendence soon realized prosperity, and a fresh 
impetus was given to Methodism in that city, which 
has scarcely waned since that period. " Let him 




that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he Ml." 
Total abstinence from all intoxicating drinks would 
have saved many a minister from dishonor and 
eternal infamy ! 

Feeling, as ministers must feel at times, a strong 
desire to see the land of his birth, and the friends 
of early days ; Mr. W. returned home, and spent 
two years in the Cornwall district. Twenty-seven 
years had greatly changed the aspect of society, so 
that he preferred the mission field to the home work. 
His first circuit on his return was Fredericton, N. B. 
Thence he was sent to St. John's, Newfoundland, 
where he discharged the duties of chairman of the 
district for a few years. The same office he had 
filled previously in New Brunswick. He became a 
supernumerary in 1852, and resided in Bridgetown 
until his death 

He was thoroughly English, and Methodistic in 
his predilections. " Unmoved by threatening or re- 
ward," decision sat upon his brow. Neither the 
face of clay, nor the presence of the devil, could 
divest him from his purpose OT change his mind 
when he thought he was right. And though at 
times his brethren considered him unyielding and 
stern, they afterwards saw that he was right. Suffice 
it to say of his preaching that it was Methodistic in 
sentiment, expository in style, and generally attend- 
ed with the unctiou from above. He constantly 




gave great prominence to the important doctrines of 
total depravity, justification by faith, and scrip- 
tural holiness. He was intimately acquainted with 
the whole system of Methodism, both in reference 
to doctrine and discipline. And while not ignorant 
of, or unwilling to acknowledge the excellencies of 
other theological systems, he greatly preferred Me- 
thodism. In life he often expressed a desire to labor 
as long as he lived, — the desire was granted He 
preached on Sabbath, near Bridgetown, on July 27, 
1856, and on the following Friday, August 1st, in 
the 67th year of his age, and the 44th of his minis- 
try, he ceased to live on earth. 

The morningr came and the noontide bright, 

And the twilight grey of even ; 
He soar'd from earth, 'midst the shades of night, 

To the ceaseless day of hearen. 


William Wilson was bom in London, England, 
in 1799. In his sixteenth year he was brought to 
the knowledge of the truth through the instrumen- 
tality of Methodist preaching. Though baptized and 
confirmed in the English Church, he at once connect- 
ed himself with the people who had been the means 



of bringing him to Jesus. It is not always ond and the 
same thing to be in fellowship with the Church, and 
to be united by faith to the Lord Jesus. For some 
time after his conversion he enjoyed the privilege 
of meeting in a class led by that model class leader. 
Father Reeves, whose interesting memoir many in 
this conference have read. 

After giving satisfactory proofs of the possession 
of grace, gifts, and fruit, he was accepted as a minis- 
ter by the British Conference, and sent out as a 
missionary to Newfoundland in 1820. Diligently, 
and with encouraging success, he toiled for fourteen 
years in that island. Capable of much endurance, 
his energies were all taxed in that rugged mission 
field. In 1834 he came to the Upper Provinces, 
where the remainder of his days were spent. 

Healthful in appearance, buoyant in spirits, his 
elastic step indicated the superior elasticity of his 
mind. Ambitious to excel, he carefully observed the 
important advice of the wise man, " Buy the truth 
and sell it not." Having separated himself, at the 
call of Jesus, from all merely secular pursuits, he 
sought, " and intermeddled with all wisdom." At 
home in theology, well read in astronomy, acquaint- 
ed with the science of music, a respectable linguist, 
clear thinker, and ready writer, it is not matter of 
t7onder that he excelled in imparting instruction to 




His sermons were well arranged, full of instruc- 
tive matter, and, though largely illustrated by 
historical and scientific references, always contained 
a considerable portion of the marrow of the Gospel. 
Notwithstanding the absence of a sonorous voice, 
his preaching was attractive, because of the unusual 
amount of important truth in every sermon. Some 
preachers would become exceedingly popular with 
half the amount of useful knowledge Mr. Wilson 
possessed. He used words, not merely as ornaments 
to his discourses, but as vehicles of thought. His 
varied attainments (chiefly by self-effort) and readi- 
ness to communicate knowledge rendered him ex- 
ceedingly useful to young men having the ministry 
in view. Not a few of • preachers are ready with 
the writer to express tl ' indebtedness to our de- 
parted brother. 

He abhorred intensely all new-fengled notions in 
religion, and ever kept close to the standards of 
Methodism in doctrine and discipline. He loved 
Methodism because he believed it to be primitive 
Christianity. He was usefu} everywhere in check- 
ing error and in establishing truth. The people under 
his charge were well indoctrinated. Very clear, 
because well-informed, on the much disputed 
subject of baptism, he was instrumental in convin- 
ing many and confirming them in the truth that 
immersion is not es^^utial to Christian baptism. 



He was very useful in preparing the soil, sowing the 
seed and plucking up the weeds, — but not as suc- 
cessful as some others in realizing the increase. Of 
his immediate successors it could be said with 
special applicf-'.tion, " Other men labored, and ye are 
entered into their labors," 

By his fertile pen he also tjndeavored to edify the 
Church and defend the truth. His controversial 
writings exhibit much research, logical power, and 
careful preparation. Some of his other writings 
indicate more than ordinary ability in presenting his- 
torical facts and gospel themes. Intimate acquaint- 
ance with Mr. Wilson for twenty-three years enables 
the writer to speak of him with confidence. A warm- 
hearted Methodist, with strong social instincts, full 
of kindness, geniai, pleasant, and affable, it is not 
cause of marvel that he was the life of the social 
circle. If at times he seemed to approach very near 
the line that divides the serious from the trifling, we 
have but to remember that all men have their fail- 
ings. And let us also bear in mind that some men, 
because of their natural disposition, seem very seri- 
ous with but little grace ; while others with more 
grace seem almost triflers. **But why dost thou 
judge thy brother ? " 

In the fiftieth year of his ministry he seemed not 
to lose that activity for which he had been remark- 
able from his youth. As cheerful and punctual to 





his appointments as ever, he was found on the Sab- 
bath of his death, at his post, proclaiming the glori- 
ous Gospel. After preaching in the afternoon four 
miles from home, and while returning alone in his 
carriage, the heavenly messengers came, and wafted 
his spirit home to God. The unusual position of 
the body in the carriage attracted the attention of 
some living near the road, who, on coming to ascer- 
tain the cause, found that the spirit was gone. 
Thus suddenly was he removed from earth — in the 
seventieth year of his age, and fiftieth of his ministry. 
It is worthy of record, as a very unusual occur- 
rence, that during the half century of his ministerial 
cai'eer not a Sabb.^th was lost by illness ! Few men 
sojourn on earth three score years and ten so com- 
pletely exempt from physical infirmity. 

*♦ How beautiful it is for man to die : 
Upon the walls of Zion to be called, 
Like a watch-worn and weary sentinel, 
To put his armor oflf and rest in heaven." 



John Winterbotham was born at Nottingham, 
England, May 14th, 1828. In very early life the 
prayers and counsels of a pious mother were so blest to 



his soul that he sought and found the favor of God be- 
fore he was ten years of age. In a journal which 
he kept through life, he informs us that his connec- 
tion with Sunday Schools commenced when he was 
eight years old. In his twelfth year he began to 
meet in Class. Here he obtained the aid and com- 
fort his mind required. He ever after through life 
highly appreciated Class Meetings. Cottage prayer 
meetings are frequent in the villages and rural dis- 
tricts of England. They are generally conducted 
by a band of praying men, especially young men, 
who attend to the work under the direction of the 
Superintendent Minister, according to a written or 
printed plan. On one of these plans the name of 
Mr. Winterbotham was found e'er he had reached 
his fourteenth year. Even then he began to exhort 
and preach, but his name was not put on the Local 
preacher's plan until he was eighteen. At this 
early age he, with other young men, was made the 
happy instrument of leading sinners to Jesus. As 
a class leader. Local preacher, teacher of a Bible 
class and temperance advocate, he zealously toiled 
in the vineyard for ten years, not only sowing in 
tears, but oft bringing his sheaves with him. 

Fully convinced that it was his duty to give him- 
self up wholly to the blessed work of preaching 
Christ, while pondering on the subject, he received 
a pressing invitation to enter the work in these Pro 








vinces. He immediately made up his mind to come. 
He arrived at Halifax, Oct. 23, 1856. At the en- 
suing Conference he became a probationer for the 
ministry V He was ordained at Fredericton in 1860, 
and for eleven years afterwards labored diligently 
and with good success in various portions of this 
Conference. His last circuit was Pownall, P. E. I. 
But his period of ministerial toil was of brief dura- 
tion there. In the midst of his days, and sur- 
rounded by an affectionate people greatly attached to- 
their pastor, he was stricken down by the hand of 

Full of ardor, he was enthusiastic in all he under- 
took. Fluent in speech, with a lively imagination 
aijd poetic thought, he generally enlisted the atten- 
tion of his audience ; especially the young. Among 
these he loved to mingle, and to lead their tender 
hearts to the Divine Master. Sabbath school effort 
was his delight. Exceedinr^ly fond of music, and 
capable of its production, both vocal and instrumen- 
tal, he greatly interested both young and old in the 
social circle, and in the sabbath-school room. A 
genuine teetotaller, he hesitated not to identify him- 
self with those organizations which he deemed calcu- 
lated to extend temperance principles. Some of his 
temperance addresses were remarkable orations, ex- 
hibiting wide range of thought, sound argument, 
sublime eloquence. His descriptive powers were 



of a high order. His last affliction was very painful. 
But he found grace to help in time* of need. He 
exchanged worlds on the 21st March, 1871. 

Burdens of age ne'er pressed liis mind, 

Or made his locks look hoary, 
He found the rest we toil to find. 

While yet a youth— in Glory. 






A sinner bom, but bom again, 
Bom of the Spirit from above ; 

His inmost nature felt the pain 

Of guilt, and then the pardoning love ; 

The Spirit's witness in his breast 

Lulled all his guilty fears to rest. 

Henceforth to aspiration given, 

A royal diadem he sought ; 
Nor would a starless croMTi in Heaven, 

Compose wdthin the struggling thought 
The Spirit's promptings now compel 
The story of the Cross to tell , 

Temptation's rugged battle-ground. 
With cautious feet he firmly trod ; 

Malignant hosts of hell around 

Harassed the suffering child of God, 

Till victory came, by Jesus given. 

Scattering the coward foes of Heaven. 

I saw him now, with conquering faith, 
Defy the powers of earth and hell, 

Discerning clearly duty's path. 
All obstacles before him fell. 

Onward pursued the narrow road, 

Intent on bringing souls to God. 

His zeal, by reason gently swayed. 
Despised not help of human kind, 

For full efficiency delayed 

Scholastic stores of truth to find, 





Nor lost 'mid college scenes the grace 
First tasted in his early days. 

Began the message to unfold 

Before the pulpit steps were pressed ; 
Ardent, but not unseemly bold, 

The truth proclaimed, his hope confessed, 
By deeds of ?ove, and warning voice. 
Allured to everlasting joys. 

I saw him in the sacred desk, 

Seraphic thoughts rolled from his tongue,- 
Not schoolboy-like repeating task. 

Nor whiningly the Gospel sung ; 
But sin mth fearlessness portrayed. 
And sweetly Gospel grace displayed. 

His living thoughts, and words of flame, 
Attention claimed, and moved the heart ; 

The guilty, awed by Jesus' name. 

Wept as they felt conviction's dart, — 

Their way to Calvary pursued 

To test the all-atoning blood. 

Earnestness sparkled in his eye, 

Was seen in every feature too ; 
His smile, more serious than a sigh 

From those who worldly things pursue. 
Beckoned the sons of men away 
From gloomy earth to endless day. 

Yet some the message disobeyed, 
Eefused persuasive voice to hear, 

By fearful threatenings undismayed. 
They hastened on in sin's career ; 

His warning words, wdth tears bedewed. 

Arrested not the multitude. 


I saw him when the lightning's flash 
Parted the cloud and rent the sky ; 

I heard the awful thunder crash, 

And thought of Judgment thunders nigh ; 

Unmoved he sang, and talked, and prayed, 

While thunders rolled and lightnings played. 

I saw him gathering sermons next ; 

From house to house he gladly strayed. 
And while the Bible gave the text. 

Old men and children, wfe and maid, 
Supplied the illustrative part, 
Racy and artless, from the heart. 

Nature he read on mount and vale. 
In forest grand and fruitful field ; 

Refused not the historic tale, 
Philosophy its mite must yield ,- 

Treasures from earth, and sea, and lieaven. 

Solicited, were freely given. 

I saw him in his study too, — 
I frequently beheld him there, — 

Arranging thoughts, both old and new. 
And permeating all with prayer ; 

Henceforth, it was not hard to guess 

The secret of his large success. 

The widow's heart was lone and sad. 
Earth's troubles came in close array ; 

His visit made the household glad. 
Sorrow and tears hastened away ; 

The pastor's presence healed the smax-tj 

And wakened music in her heart. 


Again I saw where brethren met 
In earnest mood for discipline. 



He seemed not ever to forget 

The sinner, while he frowned on sin ; 
The pruning-knife with caution used, 
Where Gilead's balm had been refused. 

I saw him in domestic life, 

A father, husband, gentle, true, 

Devoted to his loving wife, 
Attentive to his children too ; 

His Christian graces, all in bloom, 

Rendered that house a happy home. 

I saw him in affliction's hour, — 

His first-born on the bed of death, — 

I heard him ask sustaining power. 

Beheld his struggling, conquering faith,- 

" Take to Thyself, or spare my son, 

Father, Thy righteous will be done." 

1 saw him in a dreary house. 

Where ragged, pining children stayed ; 
The husband's early plighted vows 

AVere by intemperance worthless made ; 
The pastor's counsel, prayers, and tears 
Shed rays of light 'midst gloomy fears. 

I saw him with a pleasant throng 

Imparting elements of truth. 
Approving right, denouncing wrong, 

Anxious to save unfolding youth ; 
Intent their vigorous powers to employ 
In checking vice and spreading joy. 

I saw him oft M'ith noble band 
Of philanthropic men employed. 

To bind " the foe that rules our land,'' 
Dire enemv of man and God, — 




Discouraged, yet at duty's post 
To help the weak and save the lost. 

I saw him at a festive scene, 

Performing solemn marriage rites ; 

No gloomy feelings lived within, 

His presence spoiled no true delights; 

Not formal, stiff, austere, and sad. 

But cheerful, pleasant, social, glad. 

I saw a beggar at his door. 

The tale pathetic was rehearsed. 

He gave out of his scanty store. 
And, while his bounty he disbursed, 

A kindly word of counsel given 

Pointed the poor to wealth in Heaven. 

I saw him by a pilgrim's side, 

When nature hourly grew more faint ; 

Abundant sympathy supplied 
Fresh courage to the dying saint, 

Who seemed all ready to remove 

To scenes of everlasting love. 

At last I saw the pastor stand 

On Jordan's brink with solemn pause, 

He saw by faith the " better land," 

Nor seemed disturbed the stream to cross. 

Into its depths he calmly trod ; 
saw no more, — he went to God ! 






A busy scene ; the parsonage 
Is full of life and energy ; --» 

Delightful thoughts their minds engage. 
Who come to welcome cheerfully 

_ • 

The pastor sent by Conference, 
Guided, doubtless, by Providence. 

Aged and youth in concert join 
To cheer the preacher's family ; 

Neatness and cleanliness combine, 
With ardent love and sympathy, 

To give a welcome, true and good. 

Unto the coming man of God. 

Beneatl), its load the table groans, — 
Plain food and ornamental cake ; 

No mouldy bread and meatless bones 
A disappointed feeling wake ; 

Abundance, mingled with sweet smiles, 

A pleasant hour or two beguiles. 

Approaches now a wearied throng 
To meet a cheerful company. 

They feel their weariness not long. 
While joy dispels anxiety ; 

This earliest, cheerful interview 4 

Presages good the service through. 

After repast and converse sweet, 

Music and prayer, they separate, 
Expecting soon again to meet, 


On Habbath inorn, at Zion's gate. 
Meanwhile, each one reHolves to pray 
For copiouH blcHsingn on that day. 

The holy day, the day of rest, 

Anticipated all the week, 
Once more rejoice.-* man and beast ; 

God'8 people now his blessing seek ; 
The preaching, singing, praise, and prayer, 
All testified that (xod was there. ' 




No rending rock, or trembling mount, 
Or wind, or flame, man's nature stirred, 

But hastening tears from nature's fount 

Proclaimed " the still small voice " was heard. 

Believers found abundant grace, 

While sinners thoughtful left the place. 

(A few more critical than wdse. 
Less fond of truth than eloquence. 

Unwilling faithfulness to prize, 

Displayed their lack of common sense 

By criticisms heartless, rash ; 

To them the sermon was but trash.) 

Henceforth a genial welcome greets 

The pastor in his daily rounds. 
Where'er one of the flock he meets. 

The hearty mutual joy abounds ; 
Cooperation's influence felt. 
Makes valleys rise and mountains melt. 

The rising race is not forgot, 

The future Church he loves to greet ; 

Next to the consecrated spot, 

He loves in Sabbath-school to meet ; 

There numerous lessons, simply given. 
Prepare the young for crowns in Heaven 




Tojuihcrs arc there, oft parentH too, 
And strangerH glad to nee the young ; 

Choice books and papers are not few, 
Nor drawlingly the hymns are sung, 

But all with energy proceed. 

Whether to pray, or sing, or read. 

No broken gates or tottering fence, 
^ bout the premises are seen ; 

C )rt is there, (not elegance), 
xieigning without, blessing within ; 

The just resolve is plainly seen, 

" With preachers we will not be mean." 

The needed quarterage, scarcely duo, 
Is by the faithfid steward brought, 

The very pleasing interview 

Brings more than money to the spot,- 

Affection lingers with the cash, 

Without it sovereigns are but trash. 

A 'ding as kind Providence 

prospered us in earthly good. 
We will with cheerfulness dispense ; 

Our pastor shall not want for food ; 
His numerous cares shall not increase 
By scenes of family distress. 

We say not, as too oft is said, — 
And sometimes by professors too, — 

Parsons too well must not be fed. 
Much of the world will never do ; 

To make them lowly, keep them down 

Something like paupers on the town. 

We cherish not the impious thought 
Suggested by the enemy ; 


Kemcm boring that in life our lot 
Improves roiclNt Chriwtianity ; 
Justice eompols, with gratitude, 
To care for mini.iters of 0;)d. 

Sorrow unto the pursoiiage 

Without a note of warning came, — 

One of the flock, of tender age, 
Now felt the burning fever's flaino ; 

Parental grief wan eased to see 

The beauteous stream of sympathy. 

Offences came ; a rippling wave 

Of mind and thought disturbed repose ; 

The church from billows fierce to save, 
The minister must interpose ; 

He meets the parties face to face, 

The rising storm to calm gives place. 

Whene'er the breath of malice rose, 

But few were found to waft the breeze, — 

Aware that slander never grows 

When early checked by men of peace ; 

Believers all as one agreed 

To frown it down by word and deed. 

Temperance and Missionary schemes, 

All means to elevate the race, 
Were patronized, but not as dreams 

Of phrenzied minds, devoid of grace ; 
Consonant with the Bible, they 
Engaged the efforts of the day. 

A weekly message from the press. 

The organ of the church conveyed ; 
Lessons the femily to bless, 

And feed the soid with heavenly bread ; 





If o paper such a welcome finds 
Among mature and youthful minds. 

Abundant irons in the fire, 

All vigor and activity ; 
The ploughboy and the honest squire 

From labor find no liberty ; 
No spunging dandies there you meet. 
For those alone who work shall eat. 

A warm and cherished love for home, 

And fidl of patriotic zeal ; 
Not anxious o'er the earth to roam, 

Content 'neath Britain's flag to dwell ; 
The Custom due cheerfully paid. 
No righteous Kw is disobeyed. 

Models of neatness, dames and maids. 
No trailing dresses in the dust ; 

Aiding their husbands at their trades. 
No sighing for the upper crust, 

Content 'midst virtue's smiles to live 

In pleasures riches can not give. 

The gambling and licentious crew 

Find f^^vor in no family ; 
Their plots of hell are brought to view 

By wise ones ere maturity ; 
Portals of vice are watched with care, 
While warning notes attend each snare. 

In manners good, in morals pure, 
Without the vain and giddy dance, 

Life's object mortals may secure 
In every stage of life's advance. 

Without the ball-room's vvild display 
Of tiresome, sensuous revelry. 



Yet recreations rational 
For bod^ and for mind abound, 

Not comic or theatrical, 

But those whose principles are sound, 

No'j interfering with the soul ; 

Even these do not the mind control. 

Grateful for mercies daily given. 
And yet disposed to kiss the rod ; 

While on the earth, living for Heaven,— 
Aspiring to the Throne of God ; 

Seady, whene'er the Master sends, 

To join above their dearest friends.