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Full text of "Annals of Calais, Maine and St. Stephen, New Brunswick [microform] : including the village of Milltown, Me., and the present town of Milltown, N.B."

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1 


2 


3 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 







r*^ 



n n %l^ 



OF 



CALAIS, MAINE 



AND 



ST. STEPHEN, NEW BRUNSWICK; 



INCLUI)IN(i THE VILLA(;K ()1 mili/iown. mk., 
AND TIIK I'KK.SKNT TOWN OF MFM/IOWN, N. I!. 



HY UKY. r. c. KNowi/rox 



CALAIS : 
.1. A. SKARS. PKINTKk, 

1.S7'). 



5358 



piiej:a.ce. 



Ii. -JO, the population of Calais i,, s„i,l to |,„ve 
l.eon only s,x-,oon : in ,m>, it was al,ont Um ■ in LSI o 
Homo 20(1 ; in 1«20, 41H; in l«;..„. „;«,; ; ;„ igV,,, .' 

at^on oftnxal,lo p,..,p..,,y i„ Calais in mi. was S,s-> ." 

I'K put, . Calais was ,nc-orp»rato,l as a town, i„ mn ■ 
«■'«!«« a ejty, in IH.M. Tho pansl, of St. St,.nl„.n in- 
eo.-po,-ato,lasatow„inl871, an,l ,livi,|..,| \SZ 

the h,st ha,l a largo,- i.opniation an,l more wealth th.,„ 
Calais. At pr..sent, the three town have about 14 000 
"■"abitants, an.I possess at least So.ooo.ooo , ,' 
l-operty ; an.l the growth, though not rapid, is , 

It seemed to the writer that a locality of this i,e 
aiKl importance .leserved to have its history '^ 
c-uea Horn olilivion ; ami this volume is an a, en, ^ 
n tJiat direction. The task has been di.llcilt . '« 
■■orions. an,l the materials on record, scanty. t .« 

dates given, there are some inistakos,— still th,-« i i 
;vii' keep the fathers in honored remembra e d ^d 
the fntiire historian in preparing a more perfe^ work. 
Calais, Mar. 15, 1875. j ^ „ 



!i. 



I osr r) E 2C. 



CllAl'TKK. 
I. 




The IJcginniiig, 


II. 


Al)()ii<iim'.s, 


HI. 


Pioneers, — Calais, 


IV. 


Pioneers, — Si. Steplu 


V. 


Snrvey and Sale of ( 


VI. 


Primeval Age. — 17iH 


VII. 


Oroanizntion. — 1«00 


VIII. 


'SStru<role for Life."- 


IX. 


W. M. Chnrch, St. S 


X. 


W. M. Chnreh, Milll 


XI. 


M. E. Chnreh, Calai 


XII. 


Anglican ("hnrches, 


XIII. 


The Bar, 


XIV. 


F. & A. Masons, 


XV. 


Congi'eoationa 1 Chnr 


XVI. 


Plusieians, 


XVII. 


Unitaiian Chnreh, 


XVIII. 


News[)ai)ers, 


XIX. 


Isi Baptist Chnrcl.,- 


XX. 


Hanks and Insnranee 


XXI. 


Universalist Chnreh, 


XXII. 


Shipping, 


XXIII. 


Bridges, 


XXIV. 


Literatnre, 


XXV. 


Benevolent Societies 


XXVI. 


Railways, 


XXVII. 


Koinan Catholic, 


XXVIII. 


Presbvteiian Chnrch, 


XXIX. 


Mills; 


XXX. 


2nd Baptist Church,- 


XXXI. 


Snmggling, 


XXXII. 


New Churches, 


XXXIIT. 


Cemeteries, 



Page 



•n, 

alais, 
) to l.SOO', 
to I.SIO, 
— IHIO to 1H20, 
tephen. 



n. 



N. B. 



and Milltown. 



14 
17 
23 
32 
35 
40 



GO 
66 

6.S 



- 80 

- 96 
ches, - - 104 

- 115 
120 

- 129 
-Calais, - 134 

- 142 

Milltow'i & Calais, 146 

. - - 160 

165 
167 
172 
175 
178 
-St. Stephen, 180 

184 



— Calais, 



Appendix, 



187 
192 
195 

198 
200 



UK 



14 
17 
23 
:\2 



40 




^^Sjij-V flilf ><> 



(;o 

(IG 
68 
75 
80 
9G 
104 
115 
120 
129 
184 
142 
146 
IGO 
165 
167 
172 
175 
178 
180 
184 
187 
192 
195 
198 
200 



^ isr lisr ^^ 






1^^ 



<«•• 



JCl 



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'53: 



-A\D ST. S'V 



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iuuiIb 



OF 



CALAIS AND 8T.STE1'HHN. 



:.i 



THE HFJUNNING. 

Two lumdml und Sirventy-fivo years a^^o. North 
Ani-rica was an eiitirt \\ iinbrokcn wildcri.oss. Except 
a feeble colony at St. Auonstiiie, there were no eities, 
towns or Caueassian homes on all the vast domain. Its 
tnagnifieent forests and prairies, the hoarded wealth of 
its exhaustless mines, Ihe mnltifarions pi ivileges of its 
countless harbors, rivers and water-falls, were still wait- 
injr for the eultivatcd mind and ounning hand of the 
European emigrant. Where the great vommercial and 
manufacturing towns would be built, no huuian being 
could then decide. Yet at that early day, Calais and 
St. Stephen came near being doomed to languish forev- 
er as the mere inconsequential suburbs of the great 
Capital of French Acadie. The pages of History de- 
scribe the danger and tell how it quietly passed away. 



8 Tin: iu.<iiNMN(;. 

ThoHtory ho<X\uH Nov. M, KiO.'i. On tliut cvcntfiil 
(hiy, Ilcnrv IV of Kiaiicc, iiilliicnctMl by hotli n'!i«j:ious 
.'iiid political conHidcriitions, jLiranti'd to Pierre <lii (Juast, 
Sieiir (U» Moiits, a Tatent of all the territory in Ameri- 
ca lyiiijif hutwocn the fortieth and forty-si xth parallels 
of north latitnde. The kinjj; also appointed him Lieu- 
tenant (ieneial of mU th(? military forces in this vast 
domain, and in all respects invested him with Vice-re- 
gtil authority. 

Thus ennobled, and stimulate<l l»y the hope of fame, 
princely dignity, and a groat harvest of wealth to be 
reaped in the fur trade, I)e Monts innnediately began 
to enlist u com[)any to emigrate, and to make the need- 
ful preparations for their (lei)arture to the new world. 
In tive months the arduous task was accom[)lished. 
The comi)any included himself. Baron de Poutrincourt, 
Count d'Or\ille, the scholarly Samuel Champlain, 
Catholic priests, Huguenot ministers, and alxnit a hun- 
dred others, — sailors, soldiers, artizans and servants. 
These intended founders of a new empire sailed from 
Havre de Grace, April 7, 1004, and safel}' crossed the 
Atlantic. 

Having reached America, the next care of De Monts 
was to (ind a suitable location on which to build the 
magnificent metropolis of his new and great empire. 
After carefully examining the densely wooded but un- 
auspicious coast of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, 
the adventurers entered Passamaquoddy Bay. Here, 



•NIK llK(ilNMN(i 



Hear llic nioiitli of l.ti Jiirurr Ih-s Ktirhcnnns, tlicv «lis- 
t'ovt'R'il M sinnll, attractive islaiKj, wliicli with pioiis cmo- 



li'His tlu'V tiaiin'il St. ('roU, — tli«' IIolv Cross. 



Tl 



lis 



islaiiil now falli'tl NcMitial or Doi-lict . is in I.atiludr l.'» 
«l(Mri-(.(is, (■» tninnti's N. and Lonuitmlr (\x <U'i:ri'<'s, 7 
niinntcs \V. ami vi-iy ncjir tin* south-eastern l»nnn»hin 
of Cahiis. It was nt th:it time al)onl a mih' in h'nj;th, 
and thickly eovereil with c('(har trees. 

It was Suninier. The {Jienial air was tVap;ranl with 
Ihe sweet oijors (jfthe lorcSt. The birds wen; singing 
their songs of love. Tlie river s^ ined alive witli lish 
and water tow! ; while 'noose and deer in large nnnihers 
roamed near hv in the woods. Here was a I'aradise; 



or at least one of the '■•Isles of rhe Blest. 



And here 



at once they decided to locate and build their great 
city. Th"* water around the island would be a safe bar- 
rier agamst savage foes, and a commodious place for 
^shi[»|)ing Wharves W(juld line the shore, — palaces and 
temples would rise ou the land. Wealth, luxury, art, 
science, religion, would adorn and glorify the gorgeous 
Capital of the n(?w Uealni. Never was there a location 
more inviting and i)romising. 

Accordingly in July. IGOl, they landed on this 
beautiful island and began their work. Trees were 
felled, streets and s(juares laid out, foundations arrang- 
ed, houses erected, cannon mounted, and even a small 
house of worship and a cemetery provided. The site of 
this resting i)lace for the dead, is now unknown. Prob- 







Tin: r.r.(;iNNiNri. 



:il)|r it has hccii ciitii'dy wrislicd ;i\v;iy by the ciicroaoli- 
iii<i," tide. This incipient city was on l!u; upper or uoith- 
vvestern end of tli«! island, where sonio faint traces of 
its foundations are still visilile. In the Autumn, a por- 
tion of the party leturned to France for NUpplics and 
recruits, and only seventy-nine |>ersonis were left to 
<ru;ird the little villa<>e and to test the (juality of the 
CO ning Winter. There were no othei' white people with- 
in a thousand miles of them ; hut they were well elothei? 
.•'.nd provisioned, destitute of fear and sanguine in ex- 
pectation. Hardship, sulfering, death, were not in 
their pleasant p^'ooranime. 

Winter approached. The fierce winds arose and 
wrenched the fad(!d leaves lro:n the frii>htened trees. The 
airgrew shar[) and cutting The birds vanished ; — tied 
to their southern homes. The snow sifted down from its 
exhaustless storehouse, and wrappe*! the dead and froz- 
en earth in its white shroud, (ireat blocks of ice were 
piled on the shore, or hurried by in the black angry 
water. Communication with the main land became 
dillicult, and fresh ^NUter could not be easily obtained. 
Houses and tires could not keep out the awful cold. It 
became so intense that the wine of the enunrants con- 
gealed,and had to be dealt out by weight. Day and night 
these poor exiles from sunny France shivered as with 
ague. I'aralyzing scurvy attacked them. Nearly all 
were sick, and before Spring, thirty-live oi' them were 
carried to the dreary cemetery. The romance ended. 



TlIK HK(; INNING. 



u 



Every one oftlie emacuited and frost hittou survivors 
was f'nlly eoi.viiieed that tl.at Meak island was not a 
suitable plaeo for a irreat city; and in Aiigiist, Klo,^, 
tlM'v all left, never more to retnrn. Thns Calais and 
St. Stephen escaped being the snburbs <.f the Capital of 
Aca.he; an eni;>ir<. that never existed and a city that 
never was built. De Monts not long after was depriv- 
ed of his l»atent ; and the French emigrants found a 
more congenial Iioujc at Port Hoval, X S 

The fact that Doehet Island is the i>lace where 
De Monts tried to loeate his colony has been |)roved 
beyond a .loubt. IJy the Treaty of 17H3, it was agreed, 
by Great Britain and the United States that the St. 
Croix Kiver should !)e the boundary between Maine and 
New Ihunswiek. Subsequently however a doubt aro>e 



involving the question, -which of the larg 



2:er livers of 



Maine is the St. Croix. 



All 



admitted tiuit *t was tl 



ic 



river near wh()...(. mouth was De Monts' island • I 



where was that island? The fe 



W 



)Ut 



vv white settlers in 



iishington County knew nothing about it, and CI 



lam- 



plain's mai)s were too imperfect to 

tiie locality. Tiie changes wrought by .learl 

turies of forest growth and d 

'he 



iive a correct idea of 



Iv two cen- 



ecay, — of rasping tides and 



chemical decomposition, had of course obliterate.! 



visible 



vestige of the old French setti 



search was made, and in 179S, after a 1 



e\ery 
ement. iJut 



ungand careful 



ex 



amination, the Commissioners appointed to trace the 



boundary line, discovered bsneath the 



underbrush, sedge 



12 Tin: iJKr.ixxixG. 

and sand on Dochot Island, ilio unniistakahlc remains 
of the foundations of Do iSIonts' houses. Tiuit settled 
tlie <inostion. Here was the island, and ''on either side 
of it" flowed the real St. Croix. On that small and 
dre.'iry islet, now not half so lar<ie as then, within an 
houi-'s ride of the business centres of Calais and St. 
Stephen, the i)eo[)le of one of the first white settlements 
on the Continent north of Florida, pitched their tents 
and tried to dwell. 

One pleasant memorial of that unfortunate colony 
will ever remain. The ancient Indian i:ame of tlie V)ay 
and river was Pcskdddinlakkaiili, of as we sjxdl and [)ro- 
nouiice it, Passamacpioddy. The word it is said, means 



lead 



s up to the open fields" or places. The "open 



places" were probably the Schoodic lakes and the in- 
terval lands around them ; for Schoodic means "■oi)en- 
ed by fire." Some however aflirni that PassanuKjUoddy 
means the "-place of the Pollock ;" and that the Bay 
was so named from the nudtitude of this kind of fish 
in its waters. De flouts or some French explorer be- 
fore him, named the river, Aa llcvicrc Dcs Etcchcmins, 
because the Indians in the vicinity had been called 



Etcchcniinf 



The island on which his settlement was 



started, he named St. Croix, not for any real or fancied 
resemblance of a cross in the branches of the river, but 
for the sacred emblem of his relijjjion. Only persons 
endoweil with a very lively imagination can see any- 
thing like a cross, anywhere in the natural scenery of 



'niK I'.KdINMNc;, 



u 



this ivuio,,. In tho course ofyears, sohk-Iiow the uimw 
-ivcii Mt first to the isluiKlonly. sli,),HMl oil i,.to tlu. r]v- 
vv. 'riu.s IVoin tlio unsum'ssfnl I),. Monts cauie tho 
iini.reofonr l.cantir.il pathway to the ocoau,-Aa Suinf, 
('ro/j-. the Holy Cross. 

Forii.rther iiilbrniMtion on this sul.joct, the rea(U'r 
li.uy consult WiUianison's History of Maine, Parkn.an's 
Pioneers of France, Holmes' Annals, Vitroniille's His- 
tory of the Almakis, and ('hanij)lain's maps an.l writ- 



inu-.s. 



'3 






It 



AKOKKilS'IJs*. 



II 

MiOIiiaiNKH. 

A hmidred years ago, ami durin^i" scores of previous 
centuries, all the territory in and around Calais and St, 
Stephen was a sombre wilderness. The lakes sle[)t in 
their earthen beds, and the wide awake rivei's hurried 
alon«^ their windiuijf paths, as thev do now ; but all the 
hills and valleys were completely coven.'d, and rounded 
into beauty by a dense forest. Pine, Spruce, Fir, (,'e- 
dar, Hemlock, Oak, Ash, Beach, Birch, Maple, Pop- 
lar and Elm trees, many of them very large and tall, 
grew luxuriantly where arc now ourujeadows, streets 
and gardens. Here and there in sum v openings, the 
Hluel)erry, Whortleberry, Raspberry and Gooseberry, 
ri[)ened their delicious fruits. The Moose and Deor, the 
Bear and (Jaribou, the Wolf and Fox, the Loup-ccrvier 
and Catamount, the Rabbit and Scjuirrel, roamed 
througii the pathless woods, unmolested and happy. 
The Beaver, Otter, Mink and Muskrat, on the banks of 

every lake and river, built their homes :uid reared their 
offsi)ring, in peace. Geese, ducks, partridges, pigeons 

and hosts of smaller birds winged the air and made the 

Summer joyful with their melody. In countless num- 
bers, Salmon. Shad and Alewives sported in the water. 
The only human inhabitants were a few families of 
Etechemin Indians who came and went like the fiitting 
clouds. 



AnoUKilNKS. 1.') 

The Trilto of Ucd Men residing: in tlio St. Croix 
Vjilk'V. li:i(l tlw iiaiiu' ofUpt'iiango or (^iioddy. Though 
never imnierous, tliey were scattered along on eacli side 
of the river Croin its mouth to its sources among tin; 
Schoodic and Chipctnicook hikes. Tlieir origin to us 
is entirely unknown. But tliere is a tradition that they 
are the descendants of a St. John Indian and a Penob- 
scot S(jnaw. who married centiuies ago ; and neither be- 
ing willing to migrate to the home of the otiier, as a 
fair (•onii)romisethey settled on the St. Croix and found- 
ed a new Tribe. Their language is a dialect of the 
widely spoken AlgoiKjuin ; and their manners and cus- 
toms are similar to all other Abnakis, though they 
seem to have ever been a peaceable [)eople. They had 
camping grounds at and for a mile or more above the 
head of the tide on each side of the river; and many a 
relic of their Stone Age has been found here in the soil. 
For man}' years after the first white settlers came, these 
children of nature, nearly naked in Sunnner and gro- 
tesquely clad in skins and blankets in Winter, were often 
seen, sometimes squatting quieth' in their rude Wig- 
wams, sometimes strolling along in their trails, free, 
fearless and content. 

An early incident illustrating their character and 
giving a glimpse of frontier life, may be interesting. 
(3ne day, near the beginning of the present century, a 
stalwart Indian thirsting for fire-water, entered the 
house of Clement Lane in Milltown and demanded a 



i 



1(1 .\l5n|{f(ilNKS. 

(li'iiik of nun. On INIrs. Lima's rcfusino to orMtily lii;- 
tliirst. lie scizc'l 'km- itiCMiit mikI st.irUM] tor the dooi-. 
It is not smI'c for ;i had ni;'n to nicildlc with n oood wo- 
nnin's hahy. (^)ni('l< as tlioniilit she snatolicd the child 
tVoni his hands. phMccil it in tiic cradh' and then hi'avely 
far'('(l her cni'iny. Atiain, w it li anpry words and men 
acinii' <i08tnrc's. he dcniandcd lire-water l*ereeivin{j; 
that remonstrance wouM he \ain, she seized an iron 
poker and with one well ainie(l lilow piostrated him on 
theflt.or. Just then a nei>4hl»or ea.nie in, and the hleed- 
inu", IViiihtened savau'e tied. The heroic mother is saicl 
to he still livin«>" in one of the Western States. 

A remnant of the trihe still occupies its ancient 
home, hut its numher is constanMy diniinishin<>, and its 
ultimate extinction is only a (piestion of time. Mean- 
while it is pleasant and right to state that as a wliolo. 
these children of the foiest have heen kindly treated by 
the Whites, and have lived in jM'aei! with all men. They 
have never eniji,a<i;ed in war against us, nor committed 
any great crime against our [)ersonsoi proi)erty. They 

are not industrious, hut hy hunting, iishing;, basket and 
canoe making, a little farming, and an occasional job 
in driving logs, they managi' to get a subsisteu<*e by 
them deemed comfortable. They are Catholics, hut 
theii' religion sits lightly on them, and does not inter- 
fere with their nomadic liabits. Tlu'v enjoy a larg*' de- 
gre(» of apathetic hap^piness, ;ind with true Stoic indif- 
ference are content to live and die without much fear 



w 



« 



.35 



nONKKHs.— CALAIS. 



III. 

PIONEEIU%-CALAm. 
Tho Ncttlcim'ut uf.-i i-ivn- vj.llc.v luiturally coiniiu'ii- 
<H^s near its niontli. A low white nu'ii had hn-atcd «„, 
the shores of PassamaciModdv Hay several years helore 

:i sii.ole tree had yiehled to the axe iu C'ahiis or St. 
♦Steplieii. 

Inl7f;(), itis said, Alexander Xiehols, Thomas 
Fleteher and a Mr. Kown, came up the St. Croix to 
the head of its tide water, to fish for alewives. Thev 
HO <loul>t landed on each side of the river; and they 
iiiay have been the first white men that ever visited 
this locality. Prol.ahly they remaine.l only a few 
days, and went away without a dream of the wealth and 
resources they left hehind. 

In 170;i, Alexander Hodges, Joseph Parsons and a 
Mr. Prehble settled at Pleasant Point, an<MamesBoyd 
and James Chatfrey, on Indian Island. In all proba- 
bility these were the first, permanent, white settlers in 
the St. Croix valley. Jn 1 7«J1), James Brown and Jere- 
miah Frost located at St. Andrews, and William Kiek- 
t'l- in 1771. built himself a home on Moose Island, now 
Kastport ; and thus these towns had their beoinnings. 
Tradition alhrms that the first white inhabitants^of 
Calais were William Swain trom Massachusetts and 



I« 



FMONKKKS. — ( A[. vrs. 



I);ivi(l F.'irrcll from Ii'iLmikI. Tlicv c'iiih' previous tit 
17'SO. liiil how loiiii; lu'Torc c.'mnot dow lie nsccrt.'iiiKMl. 
Mr. Swiiiii's '•jiltiii \v;is in Alilltouii iic.'ir the old 
Kimlt.'ill tioiisc .'ind imt frir IVom the H;iil\v;iy St.Mtion. 
It is s:ii(i. tltoiiirli l»,v niMiiy (louhtcil. lli.-it lie Imilt tlu' 
first SMw-iiiill oil llw livcr. Tlu' locjition of this iiiill is 
siii)|)ost'(l to have hccii nctir (ioosc Rociv. ;i few rods lic- 
h)\v tlic (';il;iis end oC Milltowii sipiKT l>rid<j;('. If siicli 
;i sti'uctiii'c WMs crcctcfl or .Mttciiiptcvl. it \v:is luiriu-d lic- 
lorc it went into operation ; ;ind during" the last hall* 
(•(Miturv. no trace of it has l»een visible. Mr. Swain 
en^aii'cd in othei' business, and ten (»]• lit'teen years 
after moved away, l*i'oltal»ly he next located at some; 
point farthei' down ri\er : as some of his descendants are 
said to Ite still livinjj," on Campolu'llo Island. 

Ml'. Farrell Ituilt his cabin not far from llie Metii- 
odist Meetin<i" House, on tlie land still called the ••Far- 
rell lot." His occupation is unknown. Pri'vious to 
\1\)',\, lie was accidentally killed by a fallinu" tree. His 
body was buried between his house and the river; but 
in excavating for the Kailway a tew years ago. his bones 
were unearthed and carried to the Cemetery. He left 
no children ; but a gentleman bearing his name and 
claiming to be a relative, still resides on the Farrell lot. 

The first permanent white resident of Calais, was 
Daniel Hill. He came here from .lonesport in 1779. 
A report had been circulating in ^fachias and vicinity 
for several years, that near the head of the tide on the 



VIONKKIJS.— ( ALAIS. 



11) 



Ions f(» 
rt.'iiii('(|. 

the old 
St.'itioii. 
ni!t till' 
s mill is 
rtids !»('- 

If siu'h 
rued he- 
ist luill' 
S\v;iin 
II vvjirs 
at sonic 
smts ail' 

Mcth- 
j "Fjir- 

»us to 
. His 

; hut 

hones 

(' left 
ic Jind 

II lot. 
was 

1771). 
icinity 
>n the 



St. Croix. tluMV was an ahnndanrc of i)int' tiinher, fish 
and liaini'. mid tluit tlir livcr up to this point, was 
ii:i\iii:ahh' for \uv<^v vi'sscls. Several persons talkiMl of 
nii;iratin<2" to this proinisin<»: hind; ;ind at leiiLi'tli Mr. 
Hill piloted hy :in Iiidinn, cmiiu' throiiuli the w<»ods to 
( iilais. On iirrivlnii" he perceived ;it once that tlu' 
<*onntry \\;is even l>etter tliiin the report indii-:ited. 
Deeidinu" to loente. lu' l>nilt ;i cMltin where the (li;i\'el 
I'it now is. on I'nion Mills street. iukI cleared a small 
patch of land on b'erry Point. His oldest son. Thomas 



Hill, who was horn dan. 2(*th I 



^ i •*. 



and who lived al- 



most a centnrv. often said that when he was altont six 
years old. he saw his father f»'ll the lii'st tree ever «'ut 
in ("aliils. He was j)rohal»ly mistaken in i'elatit>n to its 
hein<>" the (irst tree felled; Imt he saw his father chop- 
[»inu' down trees on Ferry Point, and no douht he was 
i'orrect respect in»i; his age at that time. His statement 
therefore fixes the date of the first permanent settlement. 
It was 177'J. Other persons from Macinas and vicinity, 
very soon after, either tiiat year or the next. Joinctl Mr. 
Hill and made the settlement a neiiihhorhood. But the 
permanent hejjfinning was ill 1771>, and the Centennial 
of Calais will therefore occur in the Sumnier of 1H7'.). 

Daniel Hill is said to have heen remarkahly stron<»', 
aijile and fearless. He had heen a soldier in some of 
the old wars ajjainst the Indians ; and the (Juoddys 
havino- learned this fact, alth<^u<ih he kindly aided and 
instructed them in farmiiur, alwavs greatlv feared hii 



a. 



20 I'loNKKKS. — (A LA IS. 

A few yoaiNJiflcr he cniiic here, he JoIikmI Jjicol* Lilfboy 
.Mild .Icrciiiiiili Fnjst, in building ;i Saw-inlU. It Htood 
oil I'oiicr's Strcniii. iicjir its moiilli. iiiid was the lirst 
mill ever crt'ctcd in this vicinity. The ihmiiIkt of men 
al tlif ••raisinii;." was so small, tlial the ladies wt-re 
ohliiTi'd to leiul all their streiiii-th in liftiiiiX Ihe henw 
timliers. Without their aid, the rraiiie could not have 
boon sot up. Mr. Hill also innxHted the lirst oxen, 
and lirst engaged in Imiibering. He was an ingenious, 
energetic, moral man ; and he so trained his children 
that his ])osterity largely inheiit his good (inalities. 
His chihlren were Daniel of Warwick. Thoiiias of Cal- 
ais, .loscph who died young. William still living in 
Calais, Mrs. Elizal»eth Maxwell. Mrs. Charlotte Thomp- 
son, and Mrs. I'olly Millberry, (*!' St. Stei)lien. 'J'liom- 
as settled in the southern part of Calais and married 
Abti^jfail. a sister of Jones Dyer Jr.. by whom he had 
fifteen children, ten of whom are still living; viz. 
Ansel, Abner, Samuel, AVilliam, Thomas 1*., Stillman, 
Harrison, Ellis now on the homestead, James and 
Sophia. The IMillberrys, Th()mj)sons and Maxwells, 
descended from Daniel Hill, are also numerous ; and all 
cherish with pride the memory of this Patriarch of Cal- 
ais. And it is worthy of note that the}' are uU good 
citizens. 

Abont 1780. Samuel, a son of Ja})het Hill of Ma- 
cliias, settled in the sonthern part of Calais, andengaged 
in farming. He was probably' a cousin of Daniel Hill. 



riONKEU8. — CALAI8. 



21 



111' appears to havo Ih'cii ;i »|iii»'t l)iit woitliv man. llis 
rliildrcii witc Amos. St('i)ln'n, .laspcr, Ahncr, .lames, 
i\Iis. Lvdia Hmnham, Mrs. Kii-c 'uul Mrs. Kelu'cea 
Kcadinu. Tlii' last named is still liNinji;, .'ind from lier 
retentive mt'moiT, manv of tlii' I'aets in tlnshistorv were 
obtained. 

In 1 7Hl or the year preeeedinu;. 'lames and .lones 



Dver cMnic trom INfaehias and settled in Calais 



Their 



oii<iinal home ai)pt'ars to have been Providence, K. 1. 
.lames was uecidentallv drowned in early manhood. lit; 
however lell lour chihh'en ; James, Jr. Samuel now 
livinLT, Mrs. C'luise and JNIrs. Westbrook Knii::ht. Jones 
had been a soldier on the American side in the Kevo- 
lutionary war. His iarm was near that now occupied 
by William Kni<j,ht. He was u prominent member of 
society, and was t'reiiuently elected to olllce in town 
allairs. His son. Jones Dyer Jr., married Lydia, a 
daughter of C'a})t. Jonathan Knight, by whom he had 
fifteen children. (Vid. Appendix.) His iirst home was 
where the Alms Hous<' now' stands; his second, on 
Main St., near the foot of Church Aveiuu'. Being a 
mail of energy and decided a])ility, he took an active 
part in all public alfairs, and was for many years the 
wealthiest man in town. 

Thus Calais began. From time to time, other 
families came ; Bohanon, Noble. IVttigrove, Sprague, 
Bailey, Lane, etc., of whom some mention will be made 
in another chapter. The settlement was made not by 



')'} 



I'lOXEKKS. — < ALAIS. 

NVJir nor witli roiiiiuu'c, hut in soIht r(»Mlit_v. Its pio- 
iH'crs were not IcjuikmI men mikI womcp. luit ImIioiith 
trvin}jj to ^('t an honest livin*;. Tlu'v U-\'\ ii<> letters or 
uinniiscriptH to disclose tlie story of their trials or tri- 
innplis. Hut they left what is Car Itetter, the reputa- 
tion of heiu}:!: kind, just and i N'llijxent people. 'I'heir 
deseendants to the third and loiu'th generation, haye 
arisen and l)lesse(l their memory. We <'annot trace the 
intluenc e, hut there is no doubt that much that Ih good 
and ri<i:ht in our midst, came from these hardy, worthy 
woodsmen. 



^ 






PIOXKKUS. ST. STKl'IIKN. 



'21) 



IV. 

PIOiVEEIiS—ST. STEVIIKN. 

All tlic !1U(m1 people mikI the oM Iniditioiis in Ciilnis 
anil St. Stephen, eoncin- in the statement tliiil the lirst 
white settlers in each town eanie IVoni Maehi;is oi- some 
plaee in thiit vicinity. .A few of the liist c:ime thronnii 
the woods, guided I ly an Indi.Mn;tiie others came l>y 
water. For a time, they occupied perluips in e(|ual 
numhers, each Hide of the river; hut eventually oidy 
two men, Daniel and Sauniel Hill, with theii- fiimilies 
remained in Calais. The others, — .lames ;ind .h-remiMh 
Frost, Jacob Libhey and his sons, Kbenezer and Jacob 
Jr., John Kolfe, Dr. McDonald, HeuJMinip (letchell 
and Sanniel IVIillberry, with their families, located in St. 
Stephen. They came in 1770 and HO, j»n<l occupied the 
land adjoining the river, from Ferry l*oint to Porter's 
Stream. Lib])ey's lot was at the Cove. Their object 
in settling on the St. Croix, was to engage in lumber- 
ing. Soon after their arrival, Daniel Ilill, Jacob Lib- 
bey and Jeremiah Frost built a Saw-mill on Porter's 
Stream, and began the manufacture of boards and deal. 
The logs were at first obtained by felling the trees near 
the stream and rolling their trunks into the water. All 
the houses of these people were constructed of logs, and 
were destitute of brick cliimne3's. They contained very 



T 



24 riONKKRS. — ST. STKrilEN. 

little I'liniiUirc. nnd few if any jjjlnss windows. Their 
clinirs. tables, beds and enlinarv utensils were of the 
most primitive style. Yet these rude homes were eom- 
fortahle, and renderi-d pleasant by th(» presence of lov- 
ing', raithfiil wives an<l nioiliers. '!"he first ehild born 
in the new settlement, was Sanmel Libbey ; and <>reat 
was the joy of the occasion. — After a time, several 
families of tiiese earliest settlers located on tlie fertile 
Ki<l<i:es a few miles back frv>m the river, and there many 
of their descendants still reside. 

Hon. J. (i. Stevens of St. Stephen, in his al)le and 
interestinji: ''Prize Essav on Charlotte County," says : 
''The first settlement of the County began in 1784," 
when several persons preyiously of II. 15. jM's. 71st. 
Kci^iment, with others from Nova Scotia, Massachusetts, 
New York and elsewhere, united in a Corporate Body 
called the ''Cape Ann Association," and obtained ti 
Grant of a large tract of land in what is now the Parish 
of St. David. The Grant was given to David Clenden- 
in and 147 others. IMaiiy of them, and stmie accom- 
l)anied by their wives and children, in that year and the 
next, permanently h)cated on the (irant. Among them 
were Dayid ChMidenin, Williai.. i.ioore, William Vance, 
Thomas McLaughlin, Reuben Smith, Samuel Thomas, 
Josiah Ilitchings, Francis N«»rwo< d, Nathaniel Parsons, 
Dayid McAllister, an<l others probabh', whose names 
cannot be ascertained. The descendants of these peo- 
ple still oecup3' farms in St. Dayid. 



I 



's. Tlioir 
re of the 
went coin- 
•e ^)i' lov- 
lild l)<)n) 
111(1 threat 
, several 
he I'ertile 
lere many 

al»lo and 
'," says : 
1 1784," 
's. 71st. 
eliusetts, 
t(} B(xly 
tain.ed a 
le Parish 
Uleiulen- 
' aecoin- 
' and tlie 
)ng thrin 
n Vance, 
rhonias, 
Parsons, 
' names 
?se peo- 



rioNKKH.S. — ST. STKIMIKX. L>,' 

In tlie same years, 17K4-r>. and prohalily ("nun llic 
same localities, fourteen other families came and set- 
tled netir the hank of the St. Croix. piohMhly below 
Porter's Streiim and down to the Ledne. The names 
of the men were Jvlimmd J^olierty. djimes Thom})son, 
dames Nickerson. Zel). Liimekin. dolui McMiillen. .lo),i, 
ij'ly, .loshna Jiahh. Wm. Callop, .lohn LveniMn, Lnther 
Dany. Alex. Patterson, John Jordan, John Youno-, 
and Johii II<)j)p.s. 

Having erected log eal»ins in which to reside, tluse 
hrave i)ioneers at once eng:iged in clearing the land of 
its 'dense forests, and raising sncii croi)s as the s<;ij snid 
cli]nate would i)er]nit. Wm. Moore, who ai^usirs to 
have been the most wealthy and energetic imin in tlie 
c(dony, l)uilt a Saw-mill and (irist-mill on l\>rter's 
Stream, at the locidity ever since called Mooiv's Mills: 
and some :dtenti<^n was somi ])aid to lumbering. The 
farms Aielde<n)ountiful lunvests, the river wjis alive 
with tish and the forest with game, the industrious 
women wove all the cloth needed thv garments, then> 
were n(j taxes to pay and no expensive fashions to I'ol- 
low, their dwellings were warm and comforta!)le, jiiid 
the thrifty colonists had no reason U) complain ol" their 
wihh'rness homes and enjoyments. They ought to luive 
heen and j)robably were, a "ontented and h.'ii)py people. 
Bnt the village of St. Stephen owes its origin 
mainlrto a colony led thither by Capt. Nelu'miMh 
Mark8. He was a native of Derby, Coiuiectieut. and 



2C, 



rU )\KKR.'=:. — ST. STKPHKV. 



nppcnrs to have boon ji iimn of marked ability and cn- 
cr^y. Shortly after the l»e<^iiiniii«r of the Revohitionary 
War, he went to New York, and en}i;a<j!;ed in the British 
service as a hearer of military despatches on both sea 
and land, with the rank of Captain. At the close of 
the war in ITH.'i, in company with many other Loyalists, 
he left the United States and sought a home in Nova. 
Scotia. Me was allowed a pension of £96 a year, and 
had talent enouiih to win success anywhere. But not 
tinding in Ilalilax an opening that was congenial to his 
energy and arnhiiion, Jind desiring if possible to assist 
his companions in exile, he left that city an<l with 104 
others sailed in a small vessel to St. Stephen. They 
landed June 24, 1784, in front of the present "Porter 
house," and pitched their tents along the shore, from 
thence to Marks' Corner. 

Having assisted his companions in building log 
houses and making other needful i)reparations for the 
coming Winter, Captain Marks returned to Halifax to 
obtain from Governtnent if possible a Grant of land and 
such other assistance as his people might require. He 
was successful. King George III., being anxious to 
have his remainijig North American territory well peo- 
pled, willingly granted to each actual settler, 100 acres 
of land, a generous supply of farming tools and build- 
ing materials, and regular army rations for three years. 
Not iong after, the Royal agents, Messrs. Jones and 
Morrison surveyetl and laid out the land into village 
lots and hundred acre farms ; and one of these was given 
to each man residing in town. 

The colonists were new fairly and pleasantly lo- 
cated, and their future prosperity seemed to be assured. 
Before their rations ceased, they would have abundant 



'I 

I' 

:> 



nONEKHS. — ST. STKPIIEN. 



27 



[ind (Mi- 
[itionnrv 
' IJritish 
K)tli sea 
close of 
)yalists, 
n Nova, 
'ar, and 
But not 
itl to his 
o assist 
ith 104 
. They 
''I*orter 
e, from 

ing log 
for the 
lil'ax to 
md and 
e. lie 
ions to 
11 peo- 
acres 
build- 
years. 
s and 
Ivillage 
given 

|tly lo- 
jsured. 
indaut 



I 

i 
1 



time to fell the trees, prepare the soil and raise a sup- 
ply of food. Dut seri«)us obstacles were in the way. 
Some of the nien had been in the army long enough to 
accjuire a decided distaste for the steady hal)its and 
hard labor needed in clearing the laud and cultivating 
the soil. Others were unacquainted with that kind of 
business, and therefore able to accomplish but little, 
even though diligiMit. Others were intemperate and 
therefore worse than useless citiz(nis. The supply of 
rations seemed to render immediate industry nnd econ- 
omy unnecessary. Three careless yeiirs pjissed away; 
the rations ceased, and hard times began. Little pro- 
vision had been made for this inevitable emergency ; 
the improvident peoi)le had but a small amount of mon- 
ey or means to purchase supplies, and no good market 
was near. Haggard destitution soon set in. Fooil, rai- 
ment, tools, glass, nails, furniture, became alarmingly 
scarce and dillicult to obtain. Of course, m this pri- 
vation, there was much sutlering, sickness and discour- 
agement. 

But ''necessity is the mother of invention" and the 
spur to activity. By the skillful use of wooden pegs, 
comfortable houses and furniture were constructed 
without nails. In the absence of leather, shoes were 
made of the raw hides taken from the shanks of 
moose and deer. The hunter and the lisher brought in 
food. Farming began in earnest, and soon yieldcnl a 
fair return. Flax was raised and wool grown, and both 
were manufactured by the thrifty women into cloth and 
garments. The lumbering business began to be pushed 
with vigor, and vessels came with merchandize to bart- 
er for the timber. The faithful ministry of Rev. Dun- 
can M' Coll, imparted religious hope and faith; and 



T 



28 



PK'NKKKS. — ST. STKPIIKN'. 



sloNvly tlio Settlement became self-sustaiuinyj and liopo- 
ful. 

The first sale of real estate took place in 1785. 
Avhen Jacob Libbey sold his farm extendinu; from the 
Brid<i;e to Main Street, and ))erha[)s t'urtljer down, to 
Nehemiah Marks, for 1*2."), in money, a barrel of beef 
and a barrel of pork. The land is nov valued several 
hundred times liiohci- ; hut Libbey was in need of funds 
and food, and probably felt satisjled with his bargain. 

With our well supplied markets on every side. 
where every needf\il commodity is kept for sale, it is 
dhiicult for us to realize the many deprivations and con- 
secpient trials of a n(;w and isolated settlement. In 
those earh' days, fish and venison were plenty, l)ut often 
almost uneatable for want of salt. It was therefore a 
very joyful day when Capt. Robert Pao^on arrived at 
St. Stephen with a small cargo of salt ; — the tlrst ever 
imported Tradition has not preserved the date, but 
the auspicious event could not be forgotten. How nice 
it was. and how grateful these poor people were, to 
have their potatoes and fisn or moose beef, seasoncil 
with salt ! 

In addition to the persons already mentioned in 
these annals, the following list of names is copied froin 
old account books kindly loaned the author by O. I\I. 
Porter Esq., kept in the store of his father, Josei)h 
Porter, at Ferry Point, Calais, from 17S8 to 1791. Tt 
was probably the first store in the vicinity, and it re- 
ceived the patroiuige of the entire conr?iunity. Few of 
the people at that time had much reatly mone}' ; and 
hence as many as could, bought goods on credit, and 
therefore their names api)car in Mr. Porter's day-books. 
The settlements had no Icijal names and none arc Ibund 



I 



IMONKKIJS. ST. STKIMII'.N 



2!) 



11(1 hope- 

11 J 785, 
roiii the 
own, tu 
of beef 
several 
of fuiuls 
hargaiii. 
ly side, 
e, it is 
111(1 eoii- 
Mit. In 
lilt often 
re fore a 
ived at 
st ever 
te, hut 
o\v nice 
ere, to 
Misoned 

•lied in 
nl from 
(J. M. 
Jose[)Ii 

In. Tt 

it re- 
^'ew of 
and 
t, and 
books. 

bund 



in the store records ; but his customers doui)tless in 
eluded nearly all the people on each side of the St. 
Croix, from Bailevville to Uobbiiiston, includiiiii the 
parishes of St. James and St. David. The earl}" edu- 
cation of these pioneers liad in many instances been 
sadly neijlected. Kach one knew his own name, but 
some were not iu'(ju;iinted witii the art of spellinu. 'JMic 
entry clerk, himself not a Master of Arts, adopted the 
plioiiogra|)hic style of spelling' according to sound: :ind 
his careless and fade*] i)enmans''p is in some [)laces 
almost illegible. As nearly as possil)le I give the names 
as he wrote them, and leave the readry to decide for 
himself whom they mean. 

In 178.S, those who '■•got trusted" at the store were 
Samuel Andrews, Nathaniel Bailey, John Berry, l)ea. 
Jacob Boyden, Benj. Bradfoid, Wm. Bugbee, Peter 
Butler, John Campbell, Peter Church, Esq., Henry 
Collotf , John Dyer(?) James Dyer, Jones Dyer, Uol)ert 
Conners, Thomas Fitzsimons, Thomas Grace, James 
Gozline, David Ilitchings, ,Iohu and David Johnson, 
Samuel Jones, Thomas Lindsay, John Long, Hugh 
MacKay, Angus McDonald, Donald McDougal, John 
McKinsiy, John McPhail, Alex. McRa Es(j., James 
IMcNab, Hugli Maleom, David Mowatt, Samuel I'ierce, 
Thomas Pettigrove, Francis Pettigrove, Joseph Por- 
ter, AVilliam Scott, Abiel Spragiie, James Sprague, 
AVm. Swain, Thos. Tompkins, Kobert Watson, and 
Thomas Wire. 

hi 17<S!). the following additional names are found 
in the J)ay-book : — 

Bray, Brady, John H. Brewer, Henry Brown, Ks(j. 
Colin Campbell, Carlow, John Cooper, Thos. Delyder- 
iiier, Dr. Samuel Emerson, Kobert Fawcett, John Fos- 
ter. Dr. (iordoii, Henry Gouldsmith, Eben Greenlaw. 



ao 



rrf>\KKHS. — ST. STKfMIKV. 



I 
I 



.loHOph Ilnle. Jolni Ilainliii, .Inmcs Ilaimali. Honjamin 
Henderson, Ilnnipliroy, Job Johnson, William Kilby, 
.James Lane, Thomas Lashnre, Nin. Lindsay, William 
ALihee, Jaeoh Mabee, IIn<i:h McPliail, Morrison. Andrew 
.Murchie, i\I(;('nllnm, Jaeol) Norwood, Ehen Owen, 
Alex. Patterson, Joseph Parker, Daniel Kay, A. M, 
Siinpson,liarn;« Simpson. Daniel Soames, Daniel Swett, 
Kd. F. and N. J. Rohhins, Wm. Tower, Matthew Thorn- 
ton. Sanniel Turner and Robert Verder. 

In 171)0-1)1, the following additional names are 
l'ou!id in Mr. Porter's Account books . — 

Thomas Ball, Lsaac Bailey, John Barber, John 
Bohannon, Neal Brown, Jona. Caldwell, Hugh Camp- 
bell, Geo. and Peter Christie, John Colvin, Roberson 
Crocker, Silas Cummins, Joseph Dunham, John Fair- 
banks, Alex. Furguson, Wm. Frazier, Moses Fisk^ 
.lohn and Jeremiah Frost, B. Getchell, James and Wm. 
Grant, Thomas Grimmer, John Hall, Martin Hanian, 
John Hasty, Daniel, Joseph, and Samuel Hill, Robert 
Hitchings, .lohn Hopps, W^m. Jackson, Joseph Lavvler, 
Robert Livingstone, John Loyall, Peter McDarmed, 
Neal McBean, Rev. Duncan M'CoU, Duncan IVIeCullum, 
Daniel McCormic, James Maxfield, Thomas Mitchell, 
.lohn Murchie, Samuel Millberry,James and .John Noble, 
Robert Pagon, John Pettigrove, Abraham Pine, Benj. 
Pomroy, Dennis and Miles Post, Angus Rankins, Capt. 
Ed. Ross, Sibley, Mikel Simpson, James Stewart, 

Stickney, Ralph Taylor, Charles Thomas, Isaac Tit- 
c<mib, Tyler, James Thompson and .Tacob Young. 

No estimate ot the population of St. Stephen can 
be made from these names, as (juite a number of the 
persons mentioned did not reside in this Parish. But 
if the tradition is truthful, that in 1790, there were only 
sixteen white residents in Calais, then there must have 



r I ON EKH S . — ST . ST K V 1 1 KN . 



31 



(•njamin 
Kilby, 
William 
Andrew 
I Owen, 
A. M. 
1 Swctt, 
r Thorn - 

mes are 

;r, John 

I (,'ainp- 

loborson 

HI Fair- 

s Fisk, 

1(1 Wm. 

Hainan, 

Robert 

Lawler, 

)armed, 

CuUum, 

litchell. 

Noble, 

Benj. 

, Capt. 

tewart, 

Tit- 

in can 

of the 

But 

|re only 

have 



boon several hundred in St. Stephen and vicinitv. In 
tact, diirin<^ many years, the English town, in every 
re?pect was far ahead of her humble American sister. 
The list of names however- is valuable because it ap- 
proximately determines the date of the settlement of the 
ancestors of many persons now residing in this part of 

the country. 

F'or several years the colony appears to have been 

destitute of domestic animals. The first oxen were 

brought from Robbinston ; the date uncertain. A 

while after. Capt. Marks importcil a cow from Halifax. 

The first horse ever seen in town, was driven into St. 

Stephen, in 1795, by Wm. Moore of St. David. Robert 

Watson, the father of the present Bank Cashier, was 

the first owner of a horse. This was near the beginning 

of the present century. 

William Buchanan whose house stood near the 
present residence of F. H. Todd, Esq., came from St. 
.lohn in 1783, and engaged in getting out ''King's masts" ; 
that is, tall, straight pine trees more than three feet in 
diameter. Other lumbermen not long after began getting 
out and shipping 'Hon timber" ; that is, large pine logs 
roughly hewn square. Others split and shaved shingles 
for exportation. The mill on Porter's Stream, manu- 
factured boards and deal. In a few years, a brisk trade 
sprang up ; and the often returning vessels brought an 
abundance of the needed merchandize. 

At first the little fleet engaged in this exporting 
and importing, were owned in St. Andrews, St. John 
and elsewhere ; but in 1 797, Alexander Gooden or 
(xolden, built a small schooner in St. Stephen, and two 
years later, Joseph Porter built another. Tliese were 
the first vessels built on the river above Robbinston. 

In 1800, Capt. N. Marks died. And here properly 
ends the pioneer age of St. Stephen. 



:\-2 



SUUVKV A\I> SAr.K OF CALATS. 



V. 

SURVEY AND SALE OF CALAIS. 

WasIiinL?ton Count v wus oi<z:!i!)i/o(l, .June 2r)tli, 
17HD; and about tliat time, by order of the Cleneral 
Court of Massachusetts, liufus Putnam and Park Hol- 
land surveyed and divided into to\vnsliipr<, a hirgc area 
of territory ])ordering on the St. Croix. Tn their IMan, 
Calais is marked No. 5 ; and this, for more thfin a doz- 
en years, was its only legal desionation. The tovvu- 
shij) contained 19392 acres of linely limbered and there- 
fore valuable land. Moreover, it was for sale ; and a 
purchaser soon api)eared. 

June 27th, 17«9, Nathauiel Wells, D. Coney and 
John Reed, a committee a[)pointed by the General 
Court, sold Township No. 5, to Waterman Thomas of 
Wahloborough, IVIe., for the sum of G72£, 8s. 3d., pas- 
able in "Treasurer's Orders." The deed is worth pre- 
serving. It is here given verbatim. 

"Know all men by these presents, that we the un- 
dersigned, a Committee appointed by the General Court 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and by the re- 
solve of said Court, authorized and empowered to sell 
and dispose of the unappropriated lands of said Com- 
monwealth, lying within the counties of York, Cmnber- 
land and Lincoln, — for and in consideration of the sum 
of six hundred and seventj- two pounds, eight shillings 
and threepence, on (in?) Treasurer's orders, agreeable 
to a Resolve of the General Court aforesaid, which pass- 
ed, Mar. 9th. 1787, paid by Waterman Thomas of Wal- 



SrUVKY AND SALK Ot^ CALAIS. 



38 



\( 



us of 

pre- 

un- 
Court 
re- 
sell 
Com- 
111 ber- 

Slllll 

linos 
cable 
piiss- 



(lobor()ii<^li in the county of Lincoln and Commonwealth 
nfoiesaid, Es(niire, the receipt whereof we do hereby 
acknowledge, have j^ranted, bargained, sold and con- 
veyed, and hy these pivsents do in behalf of said Com- 
monwealth, grant, bargain, sell and convey unto the 
said Waterman Thomas, a tract of land in the aforesaid 
Commonwealth, lying within the County of Washing 
ton, being Townshii) number five, bounded as follows, 
viz: — Beginning at a spruce tree and heap of stones, 
the northeast corner of number Four, standing on the 
west shore of Schoodic or St. Andrew's Bay, — thence 
south seventy Degrees West, four miles, two hundred 
Hcventy one rods to a cedar stump and stones — the 
corner of four Townships mentioned under numl>ers 
three and four, — thence north twenty degrees west, five 
miles, one hundred and four rods, to a stake and stones 
on the southerly bank of the Schoodic river, thence 
down the middle of the same to Schoorlic bay opposite 
the Devil's Head so called, thence southerly by the 
western shore of Schoodic bay, to the first mentioned 
bounds, — said tract containing 1031)2 acres, reser^ing 
however, to each settler who may have settled on said 
lands, prior to Jan. 1st. 1784, one hundred acres of 
land, to be laid out so as to include their improvements 
and be least injurious to the adjoining lands, — and re- 
serving also four lots of 320 acres ea(;h lor })ublic uses ; 
— to have and to hold the before gi*anted and bargained 
premises, to him the said Waterman Thomas, his heirs 
and assigns forever ; — and we the said Committee, in 
behalf of the Commonwealth aforesaid, do covenant and 
agi-ee with the said Waterman Thomas, that the said 
Commonwealth shall warrant and defend all the before 
granted premises, to him the said Waterman Thomas, 



u 



SUUVKY ASI) SALK OK (At-Ars. 



his heirs ami asHi<^ns Ibivvcr, a«j^ainsl the lawful 
chiiins and (leinaiuls of all persons whatever. 

In witness whereof, we the said Connnittee have 
hereunto set our hands and seals, this twenty-seventh 
day of .lune in the year ofour J-.ord, one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty nine. 

Nathaniel Wells, I.. S. 

I). Coney, L. S. 

.lohn Reed, L. S. 

Ml. Thomas, within a few years, sold one half the 
township to Shubael Downes of Walpole, Mass., one 
quarter to Edward II. Robbins of Milton, Mass., and 
one (piarter to Abiel Woods. Subsequently Edmund 
Monroe purehased a large share of the lands belonging 
to Messrs. Downes and Woods. These were the original 
proprietors, and to them run back nearly all the legal 
land titles in the City. 

At first the proprietors' shares were undivided ; 
but after a time, Samuel Jones surveyed the township 
and divided the land into fifty, and, in some instances, 
hundred acre lots. Below the lower Steamboat 
wharf, the lines from the river, run S. 70 degrees W. ; 
above that point, S. 45 degrees W. ; and these remain 
the courses of the farm lines to the present day. 



1 



.1 






riUMKVAL A(JE. — 1790 to 1«00. 



85 



VI. 

riilMEVAL AGE.— 1790 t.o 180(). 

Thoro is a tradition tliat in 1790, Calais had only 
sixteen white inhabitants; hut few as there were, it is 
impossible at present to ascertain all their names. The 
colony however was lirnilv establislied, and a<lditional 
settlers came in every year. 

Prominent among them was Capt. Jonathan lvn:ght, 
who came from Machias about 1790. His farm fronted 
the river at Salmon Falls, and his hospitable home was 
near the angle of tlie road in that vicinity. For many 
3'ears his house was the trysting place for the merry, 
and a sure refuge for the poor, the wear}' and the 
stranger. 

It is said, and with some probability, that Capt. 
Knight fired the first gun in the first naval engagement 
of the Revolutionary War. Veritable history relates 
that June 12th., 1775, the brave men of Machias cap- 
tured in their harbor, the English armed scliooner Mar- 
garetta, after a sharp conflict with musketry and b}' 
boarding, in which five Englishmen and two Americans 
were killed and several others wounded. Capt. Knight 
was one of the boarding y^arty. The tradition relates 
that Capt. O'Brien the commander of the Americans, 
ordered his men not to fire till they could see the en- 
emies' eyes. As they approached ih^ Margaretta, Knight, 
whose sight or imagination was stronger than his com- 
panions', whispered to his leader, ''I see their eyes." 
O'Brien replied, "then fire;" and he did. It was the 



36 



PUIMKVAI. A<iK. — 171M) to IHOO. 



first <jun. The imiskct, a "(^lU'cn's arm," was loii^ 
kept ill the [aiiiily, and hIiowii as a proud incim'iito. 

Mr. Kiiijj^ht was an cncrjjjt'tic, popular and pros- 
porous citizen of Calais. Ill' had six children; Paul, 
Westbrook, John, George, Ilenrv and Mrs. Ljdia 
Jones. They have all ^one thmi earth ; but many of 
their descendants still reside in town, and rank as jjrood 
citizens. 

The ()ldest son, Paul Kniifht, spent the first part 
of his niarrie*! life at Knj^iishnian's River Settlement 
near Machias. lie then moved to Hobbinston, and re- 
mained there several years. Before IHOO, he came with 
his family to Calais, and settled in the southeast part 
of the town. He had ei«ifht children, among whom 
were three pairs of twins. His wife was Hannah Whit- 
ney of Jonesport. Five of the children are still living, 
viz. : James, Mrs. Ann Maria IJradbury, Mrs. Emily 
Smith, Mrs. Calista (Jriswold, and Mrs. Mary Emer- 
son. 

Sept. 5, 17i)2, the proprietors sold 100 acres of 
land to Thomas Be.-ry. This is the first sale of land 
for a farm, of which 1 have found any record. There 
were few if any, previous. Soon after, John Johnston 
and Abigail Sprague bought 100 acres each. These 
people probably resided for a time on their land ; but it 
is diificult to trace their history. 

On the same day of September 1792, Thomas and 
Francis Pettigi'oye of Kittery, Me., bought each, a hun- 
dred acres of land in Calais, and soon after came here 
to reside. Francis located near the Ledge, and Tl\()m- 
as, on Hinkley Hill. Piach reared resi)ectable families. 
Francis jr.. the son of Thomas, married Mary McCurdy 
of Campobello, and remained on the homestead of his 



rUlMKVM. \(.V.. — IT'.M) to Isoo. 



• > < 



TiitlKT. lie hud M('v«'iit('»'ii i-liildmi. Icii of whom liv.'(l 
to jKliilt :i,L;(',viz. :— 'riioin:is,X('vil..Mrs. ('aroliiu' Slmit. 
IMrs. Sanili Colhv. Mrs. ("Iiarlottc FosUt. I-'iiukms. 
William, Mrs. Alii^ail Smith and Mrs. Lucy H. Smith 
who still iisidi'M at tin- ohl hoim'. None of the other.-, 
dwell at jU'eseiit ill Calais. Some of Francis l*ettiu,rove. 
.senior's posterity however still live in the lower part of 
the city and retain the Tamil v name. 

Ananiah Hohannon and wife with tlu'ii- tw) sons, 
John and Daniel, came IVom Machias and setth ' in 
Calais at an early date. Their home was near tln'^p't 



where the Al>ner Sawver house now stanch 



ri 



lev 



j)ear to iiave heen moral, active and nset'nl citizens. 
Mrs. Hoiiannon, in all the re}^ion roimd, was often »'m- 
ployecl and hij^hly prized as a midwife. 

Sept. 1), 17l>2, .John IJ<>hannon, for tlie small sum 
of t'l"), l)ou<;ht of K. II. Hohhins a hundred a<'re lot, in 
what is now the iieart of the City, emhracini^ nt>arly all 
the husiness part of Main St. In the Deed there was a 
reservation of the ''rijiht t(j lay out a road four rods 
wide, across the same." It is evident there were then 
no puhlic hi«»;hways in the Township : and wild land was 
considered of small value. Cnaware that he owned the 
' site of a future citv, Mr. liohannon in IVDO, sold his 
land with all its improvements, to Mr. Rohliins, for one 
hundred dollars. Hut still likini^ the location, in 171)7 
he rebought one half the lot, and continuecl to live in 
his oripnal cahin. 

Daniel Boi'.annon settled first on the lot now occu- 
pied by Hon. Wiiliam Duren ; Itut that tract of land 
havinjj" been reserved for the benefit of the town, he 
made for himself a farm, about a mile furthei'down liv- 
er. He had seven children. His vouny:est sou, Shu- 



T 



.■'»'^ I'Ui.MKVAL A(;i:. — 17;m) to l.S0(). 

l>:i('I I). iiKin'!''<I Mji.cin Petti <i,r<)V('. .'iiid still resides on 
the old lioiiiestejid. 

Altout the sniiie time. Xjitluniiel Uuilev locjited in 
the sMiiie iieiii-hltorhood ; Imt Jil'terwnrd moved to Hailev- 
vilh'. Wiliijuii llill also settletl in that vicinit;-, hut 
siihse({iieiitly moved to the i^edi^e on tlie oi)[)osite side 
ol" tiie ri\<'r. 

.lohn and James Xohle also settled in the lower 
pai't of the town, ahont 171)0. Jamt's died in early 
manhood: hut two sons of John, still reside in town; 
— a<i"ed and resjieetahle men. 

The permanent settlement of'Townshi}) No. 5, was 
now etfeeted, and the people were husily at work in 
their new homes. In most res[)e('ts the loeation })roved 
to he excellent. In laruunu'. Inniherinitj;, huntinu" or 
fisliinu'. there wus plenty of em[)loyment, and the lahor- 
er was sure of a fair ('omi)ensation for his toil and skill. 
There were- no exi)ensive fashions to follow, no plaeeof 
costly anmsement to visit, and with one sa<l exception, 
no easy way to si)end money foolishly. Land, houses 
and food were chea]). and fuel cost nothing' hut the cut- 
tinu". I*Mit nearly all the citizens fully believed that 
ardent s)>irit was essential to theii" welfare ; and hence 
many scpiandered in rum, the fortunes they miuht have, 
njade. Very little cloth or ilour a])pears to have been 
bought. The following price-current of the articles in 
common use, is taken from Joseph 3*orter's ledgers from 
17.S.S-!)!. 

Indian meah i)r. bush. 

Hye *' " '^ 

Potatoes, " " 

Men's shoes, pr. pair, 

Women's '' " 



£. s. 


d 


6. 




6. 




1 


n. 


6 


6. 


5. 





I 



i 



?**'»fPm?J"'^MII.JII!!,««KI«4lill 



i'si(I(^s on 

'CM ted ill 
<> B.'ii ley- 
lit;-, hut 
iito side 

U' lower 
ill e.'irly 
1 town ; 

). o, wns 
work ill 
1 proved 
itiiio- or 
le hd)or- 
iid skill, 
phieeof 
•option, 
houses 
the cut- 
Mi that 
d henee 
it have 

• 

e 1)0011 
clos in 
rs from 
d. 



i». 



if. 



PHIMKVAL a(;k.— 171)0 to l.SOO. ;};) 

IJuin. pr. iTul. 

Mohisses, 

Ton. pr ■■ 

Tobacco, •' 

Suonr, '■* 

Pork, 

Lard, 

IJuttor, '* 

Candles. " 

Salt fisli. •' 

Axes, apiece, 
And otlier thinirs in i)roi)()rtion. 

In those days there was no ('lern:yinan, T,a.wyei' or 
Doctor in the settleniont ; nor any Clnnvh. corpciration 
or institution. \o elections wore held, no troops pji- 
rade('. no oflic;-r exercised authority, no court sat ; hut 
<'vory one did what to hiin sooined best. Yet law and 
order prevailed, (riondshij) jrrew, peace and love wei-e 
oiijoyed, and the Schoodic Valley <rained the reputation 
ofbeino- ;, Itackwoods Eden. And the number of its 
inhabitants oTaduallv increased. 



3 


6. 


2 


6. 


3 


4. 


1. 






9. 




8. 


1. 




1. 




1. 






8. 


n 


8. 






). 



40 



ORGANIZATION. — IHOO to 1810. 



VII. 

OROANIZA TION.—\ 800 to 18 1 0. 

Hitherto tlioro had been no policy adopted in Cal- 
ais, and no organization atteni[)ted. There were not 
more than a hundred inhabitants in the Township; but 
some of them were I'nerjijetie and tar-seeini!;, and a hiiih- 
er state of society was inevitable. Symptoms of a iioi)e- 
ful progress now became manifest in various ways. 

Jarius Keene, a ship builder from Duxbury, Mass. 
located in Calais al>ont the year bSOl, and in 1H03 laid 
the keel of the first vessel built in the Township. It 
was the Liberty, a small schooner: — the lieginning of 
a large and pro<ital)le business, still carried on. Mr. 
Keene soon became a leading and verv useful citizen ; 
and whether in his ship-yard, at church, in Town-meet- 
ing or at the head of a Military company, he never fail- 
ed to do hii^ duty. 

In 1802 or ;}, Peter Christie, Abner Hill & Co., of 
St. Stephen erected a Saw-mill at Stillwater, now ^lill- 
town, which irom the ra[)idity of its movement was nam- 
ed the ''Brisk mill." This at once gave new life and 
interest to that part of the town. Oth'M- mills were soon 
after erected at the same place, and lumbering on the 
St. Croix began in earnest. Workmen thronged to that 
locality, and "death to the trees," rang loud and sharp 
from hundreds of whirling axes. The clang and rattle 
of the ?nills were incess.Tiit. Vessels came from Boston 
and other distant ports, to bring merchandize, and to 
carry back timber, [)lank, boards and shingles. Money 



OUOANIZATIOX. — 1800 to 1810. 



41 



too poured into the place, and enchanting visions of 
wealth dawned on the minds of tlie })eoi)le. Rumor ol" 
this thritt spread abroad, and the great eonnnerciai 
world began to speak ol' Schoodic with interest and re- 
spect. 

About the same time, tliat is, al)out the beginning 
of the present century, .Stephen Brewer, Esq., of Boston, 
became a citizen of Township No. T), and was immedi- 
ately and justly assigned to hiiihrank in society. This 
intellectual, wealthy and influential man was the first 
resident that ex})orted lumber, the lirst Justice and Post- 
master in the place ; and he presided at the first Town 
meeting, introduced the first wagon and fitted u\) the 
first Church. His home was near the corner of Main 
and North Milltown streets. In 1804, he married So- 
phia Hill of Machias, who as Mrs. Knight is still living, 
and to whom I am indebted for valuable information. 
They had but one child, Nanc}' A., who married Wm. 
Spring, and moved to California. Mr. Brewer died iii 
1H14. The next year his widow received from friends 
in Boston, a Chaise, — the first one that ever graced the 
streets of Calais. 

Shubael Downes Jr., a son of one of the original 
proprietors came to Calais in 1803 or 4, to manage thf 
affairs of his inheritance. He was full of energy and 
enterprise. He built and kept the first hotel, — a smart 
appearing mansion near the corner of INIain and Church 
streets. He l)uilt and run at Milltown the first Grist- 
mill. He built the second vessel on the American side 
of the river. In 1805, he organized a militia company 
and was elected cai)tain ; and with a small band of his 
soldiers, a few years after, cut out and rescued an A- 
merican vessel in St. Andrews Bay, that had been seized 



1-2 



<H{(iANIZATH>N.- 



1800 



U) 



IHIO. 



by an En<!;lisli nriiu-d ship. Tlio first Town iiiootiii*^ Avas 
held at his Inn. Hut his iu'othors, Jolin and (ieorge, 
havin<i; fonio to help take eare of tlieir land i)ro))ertv^ 
Slinl)ael. heconiinji; dissatisfied willi tliis cold eastern 
countrv, removed to Pennsylvania witii his faniiiy soon 
al'ter the close of the War of 1812-15, and there died. 

In 1805, Clement Lane, (the son of Capt. Daniel 
Lane of Amherst, Mass., a brave soldier and oflicer in 
the American army of the Revolution,) migrated to this 
city and located at Mi lltovvn. lie built and dwelt in 
the house now occupied by Wm Brooks. During the 
VV^inter of that year, 1805-G, in eoini)any witli Daniel 
Rhoades, he built for Wm. Vance^F]sq.,tlie first Saw-mill 
in Baring. His aged widow is yet living in Minnesota, 
and two of his sons, Clement and Maltiah, reside at Red 
Beach. 

Maj. P^benezer Reading located in Calais in 1805, 
and became a highly respected and influential citizen. 
He married Rebecca Hill who is still living, and from 
her I have received valuable information for this work. 

In 1806, Township No. 5, by an Act of the Legis- 
lature and in accordance with the wishes of its people, 
received the name of Calais. Tliis name was given 
perhaps as an offset to that part of St. Stephen called 
Dover Hill. Gratefully remembering the timely assist- 
ance given b}' Lafayette and his brave companions dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War, the American people cher- 
ished a warm sympathy for France ; and this s^'mpath}'^ 
found a very appropriate expression in giving the name 
of a frontier city in France to a border town of the Un- 
ited States. Tt is greatl}'^ to be regretted that the peo- 
ple on the other side of the river did not take the hint, 
and adopt the equally pretty and appropriate name of 



■ Y' . :=•);:; a*., i3^sr'.vni..r:!;-L-a<;^-'*a;£3;*.i.-ai3a.i-<ttV3 



fmr.ANIZATION-. — IHOO to ISIO. 



4a 



Dover, instead of the nneiiphonious though pious t'ogno- 
:r\en of Saint Stephen. 

The same year, 180G, Wni. Pike of Wiseasset, Me., 
and his second wife, Hannali Sheppard, l»ecanie citizeiis 
of Calais. Tlieir iionie was near the river l)Mnk in the 
rear of Yon ng's Hotel. From the tirst, Mr. Pike was 
one of tlu' most able, active and efticient managers of 
public affairs. His name is on almost every i)age of 
the Town Records, as long as he lived. Hut in an 
evil day. July 1, 1H18, while on his wa}' to Eastport in 
an open l)oat, to celebrate the restoration of Moose Isl- 
and by the English, Mr. Pike fell overboard and was 
drowned. His three sons, Fred. A., James S., and 
Charles, thus earl^^ left to orphanage and indigence, have 
done honor to his ineinor}' and to the city, as financiers, 
writers and statesmen. 

From year to year, other families moved in, child- 
ren were born and business increased, till the need of 
an organization to raise mone}', construct highways, 
support schools and take care of the poor, began to be 
clearl}^ perceived. Accordingly' a petition was sent to 
the General Court of Massachusetts, and an Act grant- 
ing the power to incorporate the town, was passed by 
the Legislature and approved by the Governor, June 15, 
1801). The warrant calling the first Town meeting, was 
issued by Oliver Shedd. Esq., of Eastport, and served 
by Stephen Brewer. It was held Jnly 31, 1809, "at the 
Inn of Capt. Shubael Downes," and the following offi- 
cers were elected : — 

Moderator. — Stephen Brewer. 

Clerk. — William Griggs. 

Treasurer. — Stephen Brewer. 

Selectmen. — VVilHam Pike, Jarius Keeue, F'raucis 
Pettigrove. 



44 OUOANtZATION. — 1800 to 1810. 

C OLLECTOR. — Thomas Pettigrove, Sr. . 

Constables. — Jones Dyer, Jr., Win. Griggs. 

IIuiiiwAY SuiiVEYORs. — Joimtlmu Knight, Jnrius 
Keene, John Boliannon, Sr., Jones Dyer, Sr., Simeon 
Elliott. 

Surveyors of Lumber. — Joseph Prescott, Daniel 
Rhoade.s, William Sherman. 

Fence Viewers. — Jarius Keene, Francis Pettigrove, 
William Pike. 

II<)(; Reeves. — Nathan Foss, Shiibael Downes, 
Win. Pike, Eli Russell, Thomas Hill, Paul Knight, Wm. 
Griggs, Stephen Brewer. 

Thus the political life of the town began. Half 
the voters were elected to oflice ; though some probably' 
in sport. We can hardly imagine swine enough to re- 
quire the legal supervision of eight athletic Hog Reeves ; 
but the list shows us the names of the wide-awake men 
of the day. Alas ! not one of them is now living. 

But officers were not enough for the exigency. 
Work was needed. Another Town meeting was held 
So[)t. 14, 1809, in which it was '•'•voted to accept the 
roa<l just laid out from vStillwater (Milltown) to Ferry 
Point, and from thence down river to the Ledge." It 
is fair to infer that previous to this time, there were no 
highways, and no roads for the traveller but bridle 
paths in Summer, and logging roads in Winter. In 
• tiiese, on horseback, on rude sleds, but more generally 
on foot, the har<ly settlers had managed to get along 
foi^ thirty years. But a new age had come, and hence- 
forth e^erybody and ever3'thing was to go faster and 
easier. 

During this decade, St. Stephen had also made 
8ome progress. Good schools had been established, 



OKGANIZATION. 1800 to 1810. 



4r> 



and good Mcagistrates appointed ; some of tlie old citi- 
zens had died, and nianv new ones had come. The 
people generally were gathering more property and 
gaining a better foothold. There was a marked im- 
provement in the streets, houses, raiment and style of 
living. Still there was much intemperance and pov. 
erty ; and as a whole, the place retained many of its 
original features and characteristics. 

The Spring of 1804, was very sickly, and manj- 
persons died ; among whom were Robert Moore and 
Mrs. Benjamin Getchcll ; the latter, one of the very first 
settlers and Rev. D. M'CoU's lirst converts. The same 
year, 1804, a small colony of emigrants from the High- 
lands of Scotland came and settled on what iias ever 
since been called "Scotch Ridge." They were moral, 
industrious and thrifty. They brought with them their 
national religion and the Bible in their mother tongue ; 
and as they had nu minister of their own, and man}- of 
them did not understand English, Rev. Mr. M'Coll oc- 
casional! v preaclied to them in Gaelic. They were 
Presbyterians and the founders of the Kirk on the 'Ridge,' 
where until recently, service has been conducted at least 
a part of each Su»»day, in the Highland dialect. Indi- 
rectly the l*resi\vterian Church in St. Stephen owes its 
origin to this colony of Highlan<lers. 

In 1806, an attempt was made to erect a Meeting 
House for Rev. D. M'Coll, large enough to accommo- 
date all the church-going people cf the place. The proj- 
ect having failed for want of funds, a petition numer- 
ously signed was sent to the Bishop of Fredericton, 
asking that a Minister of the Anglican Church be sent 
for their spiritual guidance and edification. The petition 
was granted, and Rev. Richard Clarke came ; and under 



46 



oii(;anization.— 1«00 to I«10. 



I118 direction, Episcopacy gained a footinir in St. Stepli- 
en, and Clirist's Church was founded. Thus St. Steph- 
en was blessed with two ministers and two churches 
while Calais had none. * 






r 



sthi;(j<;lk kop lifk. — 1810 to 1H20. 



47 



VIII. 

^'STItUGGLE FOR LIFE:'— IHIO t.o 1820. 

Calais is an irregularly shaped strip of land border- 
ing on the south-west side of the St. Croix river, be- 
tween Barin<^ and Robbinston. The soil near the river 
is fertile, and some of the land in the centieof the town 
might be cultivjited with profit. It can never become 
much of a farming town ; but its harbor and water pow- 
er may render it a large city. The population in 1810 
was about 250, and they were all certain that the place 
was destined to grow largely. 

The population was composed mostly of families 
of limited means, dwelling in poor, small houses, in 
little openings in the fores^,, not far from the margin of 
the river, all the way from Robbinston to Baring. There 
were no good roads, no school houses, no churches, no 
banks, and not much money, in town ; but there were 
strong hands, brave hearts and iron wills ; and with 
these began the long, hard struggle for civilized life. 

At the first regular Spring Town-meeting, held as 
before at the Inn of Capt. Shubael Downes, April 2, 
1810, nearly all the officers of the preceedingyera- were 
reelected. In addition however, Wm. Pike, Jarius 
Keene and Jones Dyer were chosen School Committee, 
and Ephraim Sands was elected one of the Constables. 
It was also ''voted to raise S650, for the support of 
schools and to pay other town expenses." This was 
the first tax ever levied in the place ; and taking into 
consideration the poverty of the people, it was by no 



r 



4ft STKUOflLE FOR MFK. — 1^10 (o 1820. 

moans a sinrill ono. Tliore soerns to liave been some 
(lonht of its l)('iii<; paid promptly, for AVm. Griggs tlie 
Collector, was allowed as a remuneration, six per cent. on 
all the money lie collected. It is pleasant to notice that 
true to the grand Puritan idea, the tirst dollar voted by 
the town, was for free i)ublic schools. The pioneers 
may liave been illiterate, but the}' realized the priceless 
value of education, and wisely inaugurated the means 
to maUe their children intelligent, manly and happy. 

One thousand dollars, ($1000) were ako voted for 
the making ami improvement of highways, to be paid 
in labor. The wages allowed per da}-, were for a man, 
9s. a pair of oxen, (Is. a plow, 3s. an<l a cart, 3s. Tak- 
ing into account the dozen miles of wretched roads in 
town, and the natural tendency of most men not to hur- 
ry when working for the public, il is safe to infer that 
the highways were but little improved by this expendi- 
ture. 

Along with the interest in the noble cause of edu- 
cation, arose a corresi)onding zeal lor religion. There 
were no settled pastors in town : but wandering Evan- 
gelists occasionally came along to ''preach the gospel 
to the poor." And "to preserve order during public 
worship, and to enforce a proper observance of the 
Sabbath, Jarius Keene, Shubael Downes and Simeon 
Eliott were elected Tythingmen." If this was not a 
grim burlesque, it shows another devout streak of Pu- 
ritanism. 

At this meeting, the following votes were cast for 
Governor : — Klbridge Gerry, 35 ; Christopher Gove, 5 ; 
Wm. Gray, 2 ; Daniel Cobb, 1 ; total 43. These were 
probably about all the voters in the place ; and the}' 
were nearly all Jeltersonian Democrats. 



STUnWJLK FOU LIFK. — IHll) to 1<S2(). 



!!• 



Ata 'rowii-iuL'i'tino- 1h»1(1 ,hily .'50. I^IO, n Health 



( oiniiuttcc was clioscii 



Tl 



UTc was no pliysician ni 



town ; Uut Mickncss wmh prevalont, and auepplemic; was 
feared. Tlio ('(»n)initteo did its duly, and llie pla<:;ne 
did not come. 

At another Town-inettin«i held Nov. ."), is 10. to 
vote for a Representative to Congress, liaizillai CJannett 
liad eleven ballots, and Tla^iias Kice, three. The nov- 
elty of votinu" had worn oil'; nian\ of the men were Ims- 
ily at work in the woods ; and political feeling was be- 
low zero. 

Already the atlairs of the new town began to lie 
somewhat c'omi)lieated, and to make things run smooth- 
ly, more money was needed. A happy expedient was 
aueordingly devised. At a Town-meeting, held at the 
house of Wm. (iriggs, Jan. 12, LSli, Jones Dyer, Jr., 
Josei)h Whitney and Paid Knight were chosen a Com- 
mittee to petition the Legislature "to grant to the town 
of Calais tlie public lands reserved in said town." The 
rtnancial relict thus sought, if obtained, would have 
been very small and temporary ; tlu» re(iuest therefore 
was probably not granted. The young town was left to 
prove its woith and strength by paying its own bills. 

Near the commencement of this decade, in the 
year 1810, a startling and painful episode roused to 
intense excitement the hitherto peaceful settlement. In 
the edge of Kobbinston, a little below Calais and a mile 
or moi-e b ick from the St. Croix, there is a pretty sheet 
of w atev called "Money JMaker's Lake ;" and on its shore, 
the tragedy began, in a very quiet manner. 

One day while Samuel Jones was engaged in trac- 
ing the boundary lines of former land surveys, he unex- 
pectedly discovered two men encamped near the margin 



if) 



sTiM«i<JiJ-: FOK I, in:. — IHIO to IM20. 



I 



of tlir .'iliovc inPiitioiKMl Inkc, iiKliistrioiisly at work, 
ni'iimriichiriii}! conntorfcit silver nioncy. (Jicatly a- 
iMnncfl at thus lu'ii'.j^ fa' '-* while oceupied in their iin- 
lawfiil i'tnployineDt, and iwQ no other way to escape 
exposure and punishment, they oft'ere*! Mr. Jones five 
hundred iht'lars, if he would not divulge their secret. 
Jones, prompted partly by fear and partly hy his love of 
money, aeeeptt'd the proposal. A contract tothiseirect 
having heen made in writing and signed with hlood 
drawn from his own hand, he pocketed the bribe and 
lt?ft them to continue their nefarious business. 

liut a man who can be Dought, is seldom worthy of 
confidence. Mr. Jones soon exposed the counterfeiters, 
and a warrant was issr ' for their arrest. Among 
those who went to serv -^ precept, was Mr. John 
Downes, a highly respected citizen of Calais, and a son 
of one of the original proprietors of the town. The 
party found a Mr. Ball, one of the monc}' makers, near 
the edge of Hobbinston ; and while trying to arrest him, 
he discharged a gun, and Mr. Downes fell to the ground, 
dead. lie and Ball are said to have been personal 
friends ; and it is possible that the bullet intended for 
Jones, was accidentally tired at Mr. Downes. The fu- 
neral of the nmrdered man was attended by all the cit- 
izens of C^alais ; and the poor cold corpse sadly laid to 
rest in M 'Coil's cemetery. Ball was carried to Castine, 
where the Courts for Washington county were then held, 
tried for murder, convicted and hanged ; though not a 
few people on second, sober thought, came to the con- 
clusion, that he was only guilty of homicide. Thus end- 
ed the tragedy ; but the name of the lake will ever re- 
main a suggestive memento of the melancholy story. 
The wife of Ball is still living in this city. 



m^mi 



STUUr.(JLK FOR LIFK. — I^IO to iM'iO. 51 

At tlic aiimml T()\vn-im'('tiu}j:, April 1, IHll, held 
In the Hchool room in Mr. (Jri^j^'s house, Milltown, 
most of the oflleers of tlie town were reeUrted. (ieo. 
S. Smitli re<'eive(l twenty-five voles for County Treiis- 
urer and I{e«;ister of Deeds ; and tliat prohaldy was a- 
Itout tlie numher of voters presiMit at thi* meetin;j:. It 
wuH voted ''to raise h\ taxation, S-'iOO, for tiie support 
ofscliools, SlOO, to defray town expenses, and SlOOO, 
for hi<»;hways, to he paid in hd)or." KvicU'utly the peo- 
pU' felt j)oorer and less san«!;uine tlian formerly. The 
struj^jjjle for existenee as a political hody, was harder 
than thev expected. They raised l(»ss money than in 
the preee(ling year, hut they went bravely on in theii* 
•irduous work. 

At an adjourned meetin«>; held April 23, the town 
ifJis divid"<l Into school districts hounded as follows: 

DiST. 1. — The area between Baring and the east 
line of Jones Dyer's farm; — including Milltown. 

DiST. 2. — The territory between tlu; east line of 
Jones Dyer's farm, and the east line of Daniel Rhoades* 
farm ; — including the Union and Calais villages. 

DiST. 3. — Extended from Rhoades' farm to Bog 
Brook. 

DiST. 4. — From Bog Brook to John Noble's east 
line. 

Thus another im})ortant step was taken in the 
cause of education. Each District was to i)rovide a 
school house, and receive its per capita share of the 
school money. 

As the months glided by, talk began to be made 
about irregularities in town affairs. The complaining 
increased till it was deemed necessary to call a Town- 
meeting. At the meeting, held Sept. 30th., in Stephen 



i)'^ 



i i 



STm:<;(,LK for lifk. — is 10 to 1S20. 

Brewer's lioiise, Paul Knijiht, Samuel Dailiii^i- and 
Joshua liurbank were eliosen a conuiiittee '"to call on 
Win. Pike and re(juest of him a settlement of the town 
aeeounts for 1<S(*()-|(>, or to <>ive uj) to them the town 
aceomit l)ooks ; and to rejxM't their doin«is at tlie next 
ainuial meetint»." The results of this illeo;;il }>roeeed- 
insi', were dissension, hard feelings and a harder struo- 
i»le with want. The merits of the ease have lon<»' ajjo 
l»een foi"i>otten. 

At an adjourned meeting" held Oet. 12, it was 
"voted to aecept the road laidout from James S})rague's 
to the Hohhinston line." Thus, thirty two yi'ars after 
its tirst settlement, the town first had a public road, — at 
U'ast a road in name, extending through the whole 
length of its territory. 

The a speet of affairs in the Spring of 1812, was 
gloomy and diseouiaging. The coming war cloud l»e- 
gan to darken the whole country. Business was stag- 
nating. The population of Calais was not increasing, 
Money wa's scarce and debts plenty. Hut nearly all 
the peoi)le were brave, war Republicans, and they gath- 
ered up their courage and strength, and went on witli 
the usual routine of affairs. 

At the anniial meeting, held April (Ith, Shubael 
Downes was chosen Moderator ; Joseph Whitney, Clerk : 
Jones Dyer, Treasurer ; Shubael Downes, Jones Dyer 
andJarius Keene, Selectmen; Sanuiel Darling, Jones 
Dyer, Jr., Paul Knight, Francis Pettigrove and rlarius 
Keene, School Connnittee. $300 were appropriated for 
the support of schools, S200. to defray town expenses, 
and eight per cent, allowed lor collecting the taxes. 
This increase in the percentage was not made because 
the price of labor was higher, but because in the hard 



sthug(;le for life. — 1810 to 1820. 



5;) 



times, the task was more ditHcult. Tlie roads must 
still have been extremely poor, _>et for some unaceoimt- 
able reason, only $800 were voted for their improve- 
ment. 

The votes for Governor were 47 for Elbridt^e (ierry, 
an eminent war Republican, and 5 for Caleb Stron<?, a 
Federalist and anti-war man. This was a large vote, 
and it clearly shows the patriotic tem})er of the people. 

War aji^ainst England was declared June 18, 18)2. 
British armed vessels began to cruise along the coast ; 
commerce was suspended, and the cold gripe of poverty 
began to tighten around the little isolated settlements 
on the St. Croix. As there were no regular troops on 
either side of the river, the gloom was deepened by the 
imminent danger of lawless and bloody conflicts between 
the people of the two villages. To prevent this calam- 
ity, at the suggestion of Rev. Duncan M'CoU, a Com- 
mittee of Public Safet}' was chosen, embracing citizens 
of both Calais and St. Stephen, "to endeavor to pre- 
serve law and order until troops should arrive and es- 
tablish military rule." This humane and judicious 
movement secured the object for which it was made ; 
though it did not dispel the weary anxiety of the people. 

At the next annual Town-meeting, April 5, 1813, 
the old board of officers was reelected, $250, voted for 
"town accounts," and $500, for highways. The records 
make no mention of schools. It is not certain whether 
they were suspendeil on account of the war, or whether 
their small ex[)ense was defrayed from the money voted 
for "town accounts." In the ballot for Governor, the 
gritty little town cast 42 votes for Joseph B. Varnum, 
war Republican, and only three for Caleb Strong, the 
anti-war Federalist. 



"F 



54 



STRUGGLE FOR LIFE. — 1810 tO 1820. 



In June of this year, a small military force was 
stationed on each side of the river. The British sol- 
diers were under the command of Gen. Sainaurez and 
Cols. Muld and Buck ; the Americans were in charge 
of Capts. Gregory, and Shubael Downes, and Lieuts. 
Manning, and Jarius Keene. One company v/as sta- 
tioned near Wm. Deming's present residence, and the 
other, in a part of W. E. Slayton's house. The former 
were "regulars," the latter, militia. 

At the annual Town-meeting in 1814, it was voted 
to raise ^100 for current expenses, $200 for schools, 
and $300 for highways. These sums were small, but 
they were all that could be afforded. Very little wheel- 
ing was done, and good carriage roads were not much 
needed ; the $300 may therefore have been enough. In 
tlie ballot for Governor, Samuel Dexter received thirty 
two votes, and Caleb Strong onh' two. Though suffer- 
ing keenly from the war, Calais was not tinctured with 
Hartford-Convention Federalism. The weakness of 
Massachusetts did not reach the forest homes of St, 
Croix. 

The English now, 1814, occupied Eastport and 
claimed all the territory east of the Penobscot. Of course 
the coast was thoroughly blockaded, and western trade 
entirely cut of!'. There was but little money or business 
in Calais, Merchandize went up to famine prices. 
Molasses was $1.00 a gallon ; corn meal, coarse and 
poor, $2.00 a bushel ; flour, $20.00 a barrel, and sugar 
a^d dr}^ goods were not to be had except in small quan- 
tities. It was truly a "time that tried men's souls." 
The river line was closely guarded ; and although there 
was plenty of food and raiment in St. Stephen, smug- 
gling was almost impossible. There was no actual 



STRUOrrLE FOR LIFE. — 1810 tO 1820. 



;)0 



fighting or outrage on either side of the river : an inci- 
dent however took place of considera])le interest. A 
dozen or more fat oxen having been driven through 
from the Penobscot and smuggled into Milltown, N. B., 
Lieut. Manning determined, to seize them. Accord- 
ingly, one da}' when the men of Milltown were mostly 
absent from home, he cros'jed the river with a scjuad of 
soldiers, captured one uniirKied man and the oxen, and 
brought them all safely to Calais. The man soon es- 
caped, but the beeves were retained, and added to the 
commissar3-departmentof Calais, — an addition just then 
much needed. 

But a sad and brutal scene was enacted at East- 
port. While the English held that town, their soldiers 
inhaling the free, sweet air of our forests, manifested a 
strong inclination to desert. Several escaped, and no 
doubt the Yankees were glad to see them go. The 
British officers, exasperated b}- their losses, and deter- 
mined to stop the desertions, seized a Mr. Barker who 
had formerly lived in Calais, accused him of aiding the 
escape of their men, tried him in a Court Martial, found 
a verdict of guilty, (though he was probably iimocent,) 
and sentenced him to be tied to the tail of a cart and 
whipped through the streets of Eastport. The inhuman 
sentence was carried into effect, and poor Barker died 
not long after from the injuries thus received. 

The war at last ended ; the jo^'ful news of peace 
arrived ; but it did not restore prosperity. The disease 
had departed, but the patient remained thin and weak. 
Ver}' little lumbering had been done during the war ; 
and at its close, there was very little capital in town 
with which to engage in business, In 1816, at the an- 
nual Town-meeting, the people were so pinched with 



56 



STRUGGLE FOR LIFE. — 1810 to 1820. 



poverty that they voted no money for the niaintainance 
of public schools, and verylittleforany i)iirpose. "Mis- 
fortunes seklom come singly." In addition to the finan- 
cial jftoom, the Summer of that3'ear was the coldest one 
that has occurred during the present century. In some 
parts of New P^ngland there was a severe snow storm in 
June. Every month there was sharp frost, and every 
green thing was chilled and dwarfed, anil the farmer's 
hoped for harvest proved almost an entire failure. 
Bread became a luxury in which many a famil}' could 
but sparingly indulge. At that time, railways and 
steam-ships were unknown, and the rich valley of the 
Mississi[)pi was not cultivated. The horrors of famine 
seemed impending. But the pioneers were used to hard 
fare and hard times. They sutfered but did not despair. 
In the very midst of the bluest time, feeling that the 
political misrule of the old Bay State was in part the 
cause of their misfortune, the citizens of Calais voted 
"to petition the (General Coiu't for a separation of the 
District of Maine from the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts." This vyas a move in the right direction, but 
of course it brought no innnediate relief. 

No event of importance transpired in 1817, except 
a great earthquake that violently shook the houses, but 
did no damage. The season was fruitful. The brave 
peoi>le continued the long and severe struggle with grim 
Want until the Autunm harvest was gathered ; and then, 
at last, after years of i)rivation, came the joy of fulness. 

By 1818, the direful results of the War had nearly 
passed away ; and a brighter, better age began to dawn. 
Two able, energetic citizens, Col. Joseph Whitney and 
Hon. Geo. Downes, the latter a lawyer and new comer, 
began to be prouiinent men, and to give a more hopeful 



STUUGfiLK VOH LIFE. — 181() to 1820. 



;>< 



aspect to public atiairs. True, the town suffered a 
great loss in the untimely death of Wni. Pike, Esq. who 
was accidentally drowned July 1, 1818 ; hut the tide of 
pros])erity contir.ued to rise. The deeply relijjious feel- 
ing that came in the hard times, still prevailed, and 
many hearts were made devout and hopeful. Prayer 
meetings and regular Sabbath worship were inaugurat- 
ed. A strenuous etfort was made to disentangle and 
rectify the linancial atiairs of the town, and to ren«ler 
the highways tit for travel. The next year, 181!>, the 
Grand Jury added more stinudus by indicting the town 
for its ))ad and dangerous roads. The work of repair, 
reform, and improvement went on zealously, till w ith 
better roads, morals, prospects and hopes than ever be- 
fore enjoyed by the people of Calais, the darkest decade 
in its history ended. 

Aug. 20, 1811), the house of Stephen Hill of Mill- 
town, N. B., was struck b}- lightning, and Mrs. Hill 
'.vas smitten down. One side of her face, neck and 
body was badly burned. The gold ))eads around her 
neck were melted, and one shoe and stocking torn to 
pieces. Though for some time insensible, she slowly 
recovered. Nov. 7, of this year, was a remarkably dark 
day. 

During this decade, 1810 to 1820, St. Stephen en- 
joyed a fair share of prosperity. Considerable attention 
was paid to agriculture, the soil was found to be very 
fertile, and except in 181(), bountiful harvests were 
gathered every Autumn. The highways, by the foster- 
ing care of the (Jovernment, were built and kept in good 
repair, w ithout expense to the citizens. The people 
were mainly exempt from taxation, and successful in 
business. Good schools were maintained in both vil- 



T 



58 



.STRUGGLE FOR LIKK. — IHIO to IH'iO. 



lagos ; and tho rojjular roligiouH serviros of the Sa))l)atli 
diffuKod an elevatin*^ influence thron<jliout the town. 
I)nrin<^ the War of l«12-lo. fanninfij was almost the 
only business ; and no trade with Cahiis or tiie States 
heu\<r permitted, some articles became scarce and dear ; 
yet no one sutfered for lack of food or raiment. "The 
streets were sometimes disturlu'd by the noisy brawls of 

• « 

rude militia men," but life and })roperty were ever safe. 
Before 1H2(), many of the old citizens died, and new 
ones came to fill their places, notices of whom will l)e 
found in another chapter. For the rest, no event trans- 
pired especially worthy of record. 

Hy the official census, Calais in IH2(), contained 
418 inhabitants, and St. Stephen probably more than 
twice as many. Hitherto the two towns had grown 
ver}' slowly ; but about this time began a period of 
vigorous activity and rapid growth, especially in Calais. 
In the i:3xt ten years it more than quadrupled its pop- 
ulation and wealth. From a weak, straggling, ^'burnt- 
land" settlement, it rose to the dignity of a pleasant, 
thrifty, cultured town. Crood roads jmd bridges, fine 
horses and carriages, excellent churches and societies, 
luxurious homes, furniture and raiment made their 
welcome appearance, and banished forever the long en- 
(hn-ed dreariness and discomfort. St. Stephen fullj' 
shared in the prosperity. The brisk (iemand for lumber 
and the ease with which it could be obtained from the 
surrounding forests, made business lively and opened 
an avenue to w-ealth for all who had the ability and de- 
sire to walk therein. 

Down to this date, 1820, the historj' of Calais and 
St. Stephen consists mainly in the details of the labor 
and experience of private and often humble individuals. 



STRrr.(;LK FOU'LIKK. — 1810 to 1820. 



59 



In the monotonous routine of tiie avorago daily li fo, 
there were doubtless incidents and accidents enough 
to i\eep tlie tongue of Gossip busy, and to banish dul- 
ness fion the groups gathered around the evening fire. 
Bears were captured, wolves shot, hair breadth escapes 
made, people lost in the woods, (puurels engendered, 
ghosts seen, flirting and wooing done, marriages sol- 
emnized, and a thousand other things happened, all 
very interesting at the time, but now not worth repeat- 
ing. Fr(»m this point therefore, these Annals will be 
devoted mainly to the organization and growth of so- 
cieties and corporations, the character and doings of 
representative men, and the transaction of affairs whosi? 
influence extends in some degree to the present time. 
And so far as practicable, the details will be arranged 
in the chronological order of their commencement. 






t 



T 



60 WKSLKVAN M1:TIIUI>IST ClILKCH, ST. STKI'lIEN. 



IX. 

WESLEYAN METHODIST CHURCH, ST. STEPHEN. 

Tins Churcli has the honor of being the oldest one 
on the river above St. Andrews, and the spiritnal par- 
ent of many others in the vicinity. Its Foundtr, under 
Divine guidance, was Rev. Duncan M'Coll ; who in 
many respects was one of the most remarkable and in- 
fluential men that ever dwelt in the St. Croix valley. 
Hardy, resolute, intelligent and pious, his name is in- 
terwoven with all the early life of St. Stephen and Cal- 
ais ; and the impression he made in both towns, is too 
deep ever to be effaced. His biography is full of in- 
terest. 

He was born in the Parish of Appen, Argyleshire, 
North Britain, Aug. 22, 1754.* Though not college 
bred, he appears to have received an excellent Pinglish 
education. In early manhood he engaged in a lucra- 
tive business, and supposed himself settled for life. But 
through the blunders of his partners, the firm soon fail- 
ed ; and not readily finding any other opening, he en- 
•listed as a '"Pay Sergeant" in the British arm^'. In 
tl it capacity, in 1778, he was taken with his Regiment 
t( Halifax, N. S. The next 3'ear, the detachment to 
M )ich he belonged, was transferred to a point on the 
Pouobscot called Magebegadun, (Castine?) and there 



Ill 

ent 

to 

the 

ere 



I 



!i 



WESLEVAN METHODIST CllUULll, ST. STEPHEN. Gl 

he pjirticipatccl in a battle and sicjjfe, and was fieciuently 
under Mre. In 17M1, he sliowed great eoolness and 
eourage in a naval engagement in or near ]\lassaelni- 
setti-i Bay. During th(! remainder of the War, he shar- 
ed the fortunes oftlie British armv in the State of New 
York. On the return of peace in 17<s;}, lie went to Hal- 
ifax, resigned his olliee, and soon after married Miss 
Elizabeth Channal, a zealous Methodist an«l most ex- 
cellent woman. In 1784 or 5, having again been disap- 
pointed in his business prospects, he moved to 8t. An- 
<lrews, bought a log cabin, for which he paid ten Guin- 
eas, and began housekeeping. But both food and mon- 
ey being scarce and hard to get, he l)ecan}e dissatislicd 
with his location, and in Nov. 178o, moved to St. Steph- 
en, "to take charge of Col. and Lieut. D. Stewart's 
business," and in this employment he continued foi- 
several years. 

He had a religious tem^ ;rament, and from boy- 
hooil, his mind often dwelt on religious ideas. He ever 
deeply felt the need of Divine aid, and hence on arriv- 
ing in St. Ste[)hen, his first care was to look around for 
religious friends and privileges. There was no religious 
society or meeting in the place. lie found a Baptist 
minister, but the people had no confidence in him and 
would not hear him preach. No other door being open, 
the next Sun(hiy.probal)ly thelastSabbathin Nov. 17-S."j, 
he invited a religious gathering in the evening at his own 
home. Six or eight neighbors came in, and then and 
there the King Street Methodist Church was born. The 
next Sunday, twenty or thirty persons came to the 
meeting. Mr. M'Coll did not pretend to preach, but 
merely led the devotional exercises. Steadily the num- 
bers and interest increased, uutil, in five or six weeks, 



T 



G2 WKSI.KYAN MKTIIOIUST < nritCII, ST. STKl'HEN. 

there wore "powfv'iil times" in the prayer meetings. 
From that time to this, the weekly ,u;ath(MMn«;s have not 
t)een omitted, nor tlie Soeiety failed of hcinj^ a moral 
power. In Jan. IVHG, Mr. M'Cnll, after lon<^ and se- 
vere mental Htruggle/'felt snre lie was called to preach ;" 
and from that tii!u> he did preach every Sunda}', and 
often on other days, until the close of his long life. 

The new minister, though not in formal fellowship 
with any denomination, fidt the Methodist impulse to 
travel and preach. One of his excursions in 1787, re- 
veals the condition of things then, in several aspects, 
[le went to Pleasant River in Maine, and si)eiit several 
weeks m preaching and trying "to huild up Ziou." 
Being ready to return, the good people of the place gave 
him as the reward (>f his labor, S3. 50, in money, and 
three cheeses. He started homeward a happy man. 
He reacheil Indian Point in safet}', but found there no 
vessel to take him home and no road leading up river. 
But go he must ; and shouldering his three cheeses, he 
walked along the pathless shore of St. Andrews Bay, 
all the weary way to Robbinston. There he found a 
boat to take him to St. Stephen. The generosity of 
Pleasant River, the absence of roads, and the hardihood 
of the man, are characteristics of the times. 

In 1790, Robert Watson lent the society', sixty 
Pounds ; and with this money it built its first meeting- 
house. It was a small, rough, cheerless building, near 
the site of the present brick edifice ; but it was a veri- 
table '•'House of the Lord ;" and the people greatly re- 
joiced at its completion. It was the first meeting-house 
built on either side of the river above St. Andrews. 
The money to pay Mr. Watson, was raised by Sunday 



WKSI.KYAN MI'/riloDIST riirUCII, ST. STKIMIKN. 



on 



colloetioTiE ; and so frooly <ii<l tin* |)ch)[)1o give, that in 
three years the <lei)t was li(jiii(lat(Ml ! 

in 1791, Mr. M Coll visited Halifax and |)reached 
there several Snndays. As ii remuneration, liu' Halifax 
brethren gave him a hroad-eloth suit of clothes ; the only 
pay he received for seven years preaching, exc"Ji)t tin; 
money and cheese at Pleasant Hivcr. In 17!).'>, he made 
an over-lan«l jonrne}- to New London, Ct. where he was 
ordained l>y Bisho[) Ashnry. Returning h(une, full of 
the Divine spirit, he preached so eloquently that in the 
Winter of 1795-0, there was a great revival, and sixty 
persons were ''hopefully converted." Thus grew the 
Church. 

In IHOl, the Society purchased two acres of land 
for a cemetery, and on it attempted to erect a larger and 
more comfortable meeting-house ; hut the plan seems 
to have failed, probably because the Episcopalians re- 
fused to assist. 

Mr. M'Coll was now preaching and making many 
converts in Calais, Milltown, the Ledge and St. David. 
No separate church perhaps was formed in either of 
these localities ; but all the converts called themselves 
Methodists, and felt tiiat they belonged to the Church of 
Christ. Thus the flame of devotion was kindled and 
kept burning in "all the region round about." 

In 1805, these people were greath' agitated and 
alarmed by the wild ranting and questionable conduct 
of certain "new light Baptists," that came from St. John 
to disseminate their peculiar notions. For a time the 
strange fire flashed luridly among the uncultured ; but 
it soon went out, and not much harm was done. 

In 1806, the Society attempted to raise funds to 
build a $7000 meeting-house, but failed. Still the 



(J4 



WKSI.KVAN MKrilODIST CHI U< II, ST. STKIMIKX. 



C'liurch prosix'ifd, and Mr. M'CoIl i)msU(Ml his arduous 
itinerary luiujrs, without any noteworthy oecurrence, 
until 1M14. Several causes then conihiiied to turn men's 
tliouj^hts from earth to heaven in earnest prayer. War 
wan ra<»in<jj, .and any day the murderous conflict might 
emhroil thecitizens of Calais and St. Stephen. It was 
H sickly season. Multitudes were unwell, many died, 
and no one knew Itut his turn wouKl soon come. Times 
were hard and business prospects j^ioomy. In view of 
these ills, Mr. M'CoU preached with more than his 
usual fi'rvency, a revival ensued, and 120 new mernbers 
were added to the Church. 

Elated by this success, and rendere(l hopeful by 
the termination of the War, the Society auain made an 
attempt to erect a new meetin<;-house. The work be- 
gan ; but the harvest of 181() was almost spoiled by 
frost, business remained dull, moi»ev and food were 
scarce, Sanuiel Millberrv,one of the best and oldest sup- 
porters of the Church, died, the i)eople became discour- 
aged, and the building went on but slowly. In April, 
1817 Robert Watson died. lie was the wealthiest and 
most iiitiuential man in the Church, and for 28 years, 
one of its Stewards. A petition was sent t<t the Pro- 
vincial Parliament for n , linisliingthe House ; • 
but Metlujdists '"in'- , the favor was not 
granted. Hut ti o»k at >t completed. June 30, 
1818, the house w iS ded' ited and the pews sohl, some 
of them bringing $200 Ujieoe. 

March 23, 18 PJ, Mrs. M'Coll died a 

bnnd childless. The blow almost broke ^ 

but he still performed his ministerial * 



loft her hus- 

brave heart ; 

ies ; and his 



audiences on Sundays, filled the new . mse. In the 



WKSI.KYAN MKTHOIUM CIH Krll, sT. STKIMIKN. 



<;.» 



Autumn, (Jet. H, the Society iii!iu<j[uriit('(l jiu aiixiliaiv 
l>il)le Society, with a (air [)rospect of usefulness. 

With <j('iiei;ii ^ood interest aini occuMJoiial revi- 
vals, th(! Church moved on prosperously for many years. 
In June, I.Sl".), the I'astor heinj^ ancd and soinewhal 
Ibehle, Rev. K. Williams was settled as his colleague. 
Nov. 2M, 1 «;>(), Mr. M'Coll preached two sermons. 
Nineteen days after, that is, Dec. 17, he peacefully died 
of old age in the HltU year of his lon<^ and useful life. 
He was a [)urc minded, generous, faithhil ••Soldier ol 
the Cross," and a gtMiuine "apostle to the ( Jentiles" in 
the St. Croix valley. 

Mr. MX 'oil, though a true Methodist, never suh- 
niitted to the Circuit regulation of his Denomination. 
His only home and [)arish was in St. Ste[)hen ; though 
he often visited and preached in Milltown, Calais, St. 
David and otlu>r [)laces. liut imu)ediately after his 
death, his Society adopted the usual practice of having 
a new preacher every year or two; and this has contin- 
ued to the present day. Many an able pastor has min- 
istered in its pulpit, and many a season of refreshment 
has blessed its people. 

In l(S(iU, the old meeting-house was moved to 
Water street ; where it is now used by Young Brothers 
as a furniture warehouse ; and on its oiigiiud site, a 
new and substantial brick church erected, costing $22,- 
000 ; and the Society at present is large, active and 
prosperous. 



f .""■-" 



(If) WKSLKYAN METHODIST CHURCH, MILLTOWN, N. B. 



WESLEYAN METHODIST CHURCH, MiLLTOWN, N. B, 

Prior to 1800, Rev. D. M'C^oll began to hold re- 
ligious meetings in Milltown ; and during thirty years, 
seldom failed to attend the weekly Class-meeting held 
in the liome of Abner Ilill, his devoted and ftiithful 
fritMul. In this private sanctuary the little band of be- 
lievers joyfully gathered, related their trials, hopes and 
fears, and both gnve and received mutual encourage- 
ment. From this small beginning, gjevv gradually, the 
j)resent large and strong Society. 

But the Class-meeting was not enough to satisfy 
the zealous minister ; and soon after the commencement 
of the present century, he began preaching to the pub- 
lic. The services were first conducted iu private hous- 
es, — generally in Mr. Hill's, but as early as 1810, in a 
school-house near the upper bridge. In this building, 
often called the ' 'Chapel," on Sunday evenings and 
sometimes on other evenings, for many years, Mr. 
M'CoU preached with all his solemn energ3^ Not unfre- 
(juentlj' a revival season would come ; and then the 
little Chapel would be densely packed with eager listen- 
ers. 

At length, Milltown having become a large village, 
and the Methodists numerous, a meeting-house was 



WESLEYAX MEIIIODIST CIIUWII, MILLTOWN, N. B. 07 

needed, and in l.;36, erected. It was a modest but 
pleasant edifice, and the Society liiglily prized and en- 
joyed it. For a few years, peace and prosperity pre- 
vailed. Then dissension came, and a part of the So- 
ciety seceded. In the midst of tiiis trouble, in the Au- 
tumn of 1844, the weather being remarkably warm, the 
meeting-house caught fire and burned down. As there 
liad been no fire in the building for some time previous, 
some excited people asserted that the conflagration was 
the evil deed of a malicious incendiary ; but sober, sec- 
ond thought arrived at the opinion that the fire was 
kindled by the spontaneous combustion of some oiled 
cotton stored in a closet on the south side of the house. 
It was a blue time for the divided, homeless Societv ; 
but the Methodists are a people not easily discouraged. 
Misfortune not unfrequently stimulates them to greater 
zeal than usual. In a short time, a new house arose 
on the charred site of the former one ; and in this con- 
venient edifice, the people have ever since held their 
religious meetings. Occasional reverses and depres- 
sions have from time to time occurred ; but as a whole, 
this Church has been blessed with a fair share of pros- 
perity. 




'J- 







II , II"! 



68 



M. K. CI1LU( II, CALAIS AND MILLTUVVlS'. 



XI. 

« 

METironiST EPISCOPAL CTJUIICIT, 
CALAIS AND MILL TOWN. 

For inoiv than thirty years after its lir.st settlement. 
Calais had no relipous Soeiety, and no regular Sabbath 
meeting" Rev. Mv. M'Coll sometimes preaehed on the 
American wide of the river, and occasionally a wander- 
ing minister came ahnig and held meetings a few Sun- 
days ; but in the main, the people were ''without benefit 
of clergy." A few of the more [)iously inclined, crossed 
the river and attended church in St. Stephen ; but the 
majority ai)parently felt little interest in public worship. 
Mr. M'Coll generally had a fair audience in Calais ; but 
excei)t in a few indivi<huils, the religious interest was 
very cool. 

Yet,' for this unorganized and non-religious condi- 
tion f)f atl'airs. ^Nlr. M'Coll himself was somewhat blam- 
able He evidently wished to do all the i)reaching, and 
have everybody attend his meeting; ajid whenever there 
wastalk of startinga Society in Calais, he put in a stren 
uous opposition. 

However, after much controversy, in the Autumn 
and Winter of bSl"), the Methodists of Calais and Kol)- 
])inston had preaching on alternate Sal»baths l)y a 
clergyman of their own faith and choosing. Little good 



M. E. CIIUUCH, CALAIS AN1> MILLTOWN. Bl» 

was done. Some of the brethren still crossed the rivei' 
to attend church, and Mr. M'C'oll denounced the new 
minister as an impostor. Perhaps he was. He went 
his way ; but lie left a determination among the people 
to have a meeting and preaching of their own. Provi- 
dence favored them. 

In the latter part of that cold and gloomy year, 
1816, Rev. Thomas Asbury, a Methodist, a native of 
Great Britain, came to Calais and conun<'nced preach- 
ing, whenever and wherever he found opportunity. Mr. 
M'Coll disliked him, and said many a severe thing 
against him; but he continued to preach, and the dis- 
couraged and half famished people flocked to hear him. 
He was an enthusiastic, dramatic and pathetic speaker, 
and many of the hitherto undevout people were startled 
and thrilled b}- his vehemence. A sweeping revival 
ensued. His meetings were frequently scenes of weird 
influence and wild excitement. Children cried, women 
wept, shouts and groans tilled the air, and under the 
intense pressure of excitement, even strong men faint- 
ed. Dozens of sinners were hopefully converted, and 
.some twenty* persons were baptized. 

It was the first baptism of adults in Calais. On a 
bright Sunday morning as the tide was coming in, the 
candidates knelt in a row% facing the river, on the clean 
sandy beach at the foot of Downes St. The river was 
the ample font. Mr. Asbury walked along between the 
candidates and the margin of the stream, dipped his 
hand in the sparkling water and performed the sacred 
rite by sprinkling. The voices of prater and song rang 
out on the peaceful air, and the kingdom seemed at last 
to have come. 

Immediately a Church was organized, luimbering 



70 



M. K. CUfllCH, CALAIS AND MILLTUWN. 



thirty six membors. Amonp; thom were the Lrewers, 
Hills. Kjiio;hts, IVttigroves, Lambs nnd others of the 
best i)eoi)le in town. This wjis the first Chureh in Cal- 
ais. A Chiss-meetin<»; was at once started under its 
auspiees, and these weekly jxatherings have eontinued 
without iMterruption, to the present day. 

A nieetin<i:-house was now needed ; and to supply' 
the want, Stephen Brewer, Esq. on( of the members of 
the Chureh. had a buildino; formerly use<l as a store, 
hauled to a loeation on ^lain street, near I )ownes street, 
and transformed into a Chureh. This first nieetinir- 
iiouse in town, is said to have lieen eomfortable, con- 
venient and pleasant. Subse<iuently it was hauled to a 
location on Ilinklev Hill, nearly opposite the present 
rcjsidcnce of (Jeo. A. Blake, and tliere used as a church 
and school-house until 1838, when it was taken down, 
and some of its material worked into the house now oc- 
cupied by ,1. M. Hill. 

Mr. Asbury preached to the Society and elsewhere 
in the vicinity, about two years, and then departed to 
call sinners to rei)entance, in other i)laces. He was 
not the kind of preacher, nor were his meetings the kind 
of scenes, that sensible people at the present time wouhl 
relish ; but there can be no doubt that he gave a relig- 
ious tone to many hearts untouched before, and sowed 
the seeds of piety that still grow in all our Churches. 

In July, 1818, the Weslevan Conference of New 
Brunswick sent the Rev. Mr. Newell to preach in Cal- 
ais and vicinity. He came and did good service. He 
apj)ears to have l)een a quiet, thoughtful, pious and 
scholarly' man, but not a great preacher. While hero, 
it is said, he wrote and published a biography of his 







M. K. ( Iiruril, CALAIS AXU MII.I.TOWN. 71 

deceased wife, if the ti-adition is rc^nvet, this was tlie 
first writing for the Press, ever done in (ahiis. 

In 1821 or 2, Mr. Newell retired an<l Rev. Kzra 
Kellog took his place. He remained abont two years, 
and ai)pears to have been a njan of solid worth and 
healthy inllnence. Vet little respecting him is now re- 
membered. 

Thus the Methodist Society luul a fair stait ; and it 
ought to have run a good race. Apparently .lothing 
hindered it from prosi)ering and being the leading So- 
ciety in town. But the ilame of its enthusiasm soon 
<lied out, and its ardent fervor ceased. Some of its 
members became lukewarm ; the influential men of the 
town stood aloof ; the hum of business awoke people to a 
new amltition ; earnest talk of starting a C'ongregation- 
alist S(X'iety and erecting an elegant ciuu'ch, Itegan to 
be made ; and from these and other causes, the Metho- 
dist Society lost its prestige and went into a decline 
that lasted more than twenty years. Transii'ut minis- 
ters occasionally came along and held meetings in the 
Minkley Ilill Church ; l)nt the public interest centered 
in the Orthodox and Unitarian Societies; and nothing 
of importance transpired in the Methodist ranks in Cal- 
ais village until about 1845. 

Yet Methodism did not die out. In 1827, Rev. 
Josiah Eaton of Barre, Mass. settled in Milltown and 
preached there in the "red school-house," and also in 
Baring ; where in 1829 he married the widow Hamilton. 
The next year he was stationed at Robbinston, and after 
that in Pembroke and Dennysville. About 18 10, he re- 
turned to Calais, and here spent the remainder of his 
busy and useful life. He died in 1853, and is remem- 
bered as a genial and reliable citizen. 



-rr^ 



m 



72 M. C. CIirRCH. CALAIS ANI^ MILLTOWN, 

In 1885-0 tliero was a powerful revival of religious 
interest, and the Methodists had tlieir full share of its 
)>enefit. Thus encouraged and strengtliened the}' de- 
termined to erect a meeting-house. The Congregation- 
alist and Unitarian churciies in Calais village, seemed 
to be enough for that locality, and it was therefore de- 
cided to erect the new house in Milltown. Peter Beedy 
and Leonard l*ickins were chosen Building Committee, 
and tlie house was finished and dedicated in the latter 
part of 18;J(). The society now for a season enjoyed a 
vigorous i)rosperity. In 1837, its pastor was Rev. 
Mark Trafton, a very able and talented man, and after- 
wards a member of Congi'ess from Massachusetts. In 
1838 and 9, Rev. Phineas Higgins was pastor, and in 
1840 and 41, Rev. Isaac Lord. 

About this time the old dormant society in Calais 
began to manifest signs of life. Its membership in- 
creased ; and, disliking the long walk to Milltown on 
Sunday, its people realized the need of a place of wor- 
ship nearer home. Accordingly in 1845, it purchased 
that old cradle of churches, the Central School-house on 
Main street, near the foot of Church Avenue, and i^- 
modeled it into a meeting-house. Here was another 
fair start in life, and the prospect appeared flattering. 

Determining this time to transact their business 
correctly and thus secure permanency', the Societ}', June 
G, 1846, was legalh' organized as a corporate body. 
For that purpose, a Warrant calling a meeting, was is- 
sued by J. C.Washburn, Esq. at the request of Rev. C. 
C. Cone, L. B. Knight, Joseph Ilitchings, Chas. Cottel, 
W. IL Brackett, Benj. Baker and James Thompson. 
During the Sunnner, the school-house was transformed 
into a church, at an expense of 6355.78. The best pews 



IS- 

C. 

el, 
■on. 



M. E. CIIURCII, CALAIS ANH MILLTOWN. 78 

sold for $31*, apiece. As Lutlier H. Kni<j;ht luniislied 
most of the money and material for the repairs, theedi- 
tice was christened "I^uther's Meetin*:;-! louse." Here 
for ten years, the Society woishippi'd and i)r<)spered. 
After the Metiiodists left this hnildinji', it was used hy 
the Congre<»ati<)nalists as a vestry, and for a time hy 
the Universalists, as a phice of vvorshil^ until IJSTO, 
when it was burned. 

At the (juarterly Conference, })r()l>al)ly the first, 
held in Calais, Ang. 21, 1846, there were present, Rev. 
John Clough, Presiding Elder, and Hevs. Josiali Eaton. 
W. II. Crawford and A. II. Hall, circuit ])reachers. 
The societies rei)resented were Milltown, Calais and 
South Calais. It was "voted not to renew W. W. 
Walker's license as a local })reacher." In a pecuniary 
light, this was no damage to Mr. Walker, as the salary 
of a minister at that time, did not much exceed $300 ; 
and even this small sum was not promptly j. li^'. 

At the (luarterly Conference in Aug. 1817, there 
were present. Rev. Asaliel Moore, P. E., and Revs. J. 
Keith. Milltown; E. A. llelmershausen, Calais; J. 
Eaton, south Calais ; and many lay delegates from these 
places and Baring. The "state of religion" was report- 
ed as "very good in Calais but low in Milltown." There 
were 35 scholars and two Bible classes in the Sunday 
school in the former place; in the latter, 52 scholars and 
one Bible class. 

At the next annual Conference, 1848, both the fi- 
nancial and religions condition of the soci(>ties being 
rather low, it was "voted to unite Calais and South 
Calais i'llo one circuit, and Milltown and Baring into 
another." Mr. Crawford retained his })lace, but Rev. S. 
C. Scammon was assigned to the Calais circuit. 

In 1841), Levi C. Dunn was licensed to "preach the 



74 



M. E. CIIUIICH, CALAIS AND MILLTOWN. 



Gospel," and the next ^Tar, his coininisaion was renewed. 

In 1850, Mr. Scammon retired, and Rev. S. F. 
Wetlierbee took his place in Calais. — In 1851, the preach- 
ers were W. H. Pillsbury, V. E. ; C. II. A. Johnson, 
Milltown ; L. D. Wardwell, Calais ; J. Eaton and L. 
C. Dunn, supernumeraries. The number of Sunday 
school scholars was, in Milltown, 122; in Calais, 75. 
This was a handsome increase. But in 1855, owing to 
some mysterious decline in interest, Rev. C. M. Free- 
man appears to have been the only active Methodist 
minister on the American side of the river. All the 
societies were in a feeble condition, and the Calais Sun- 
da^' school was suspended. 

In 185G, the Calais society bought the Baptist 
Church on Main street, paying $2800 ; and took posses- 
sion the first day of April. A revival ensued, and a 
large number joined the Church. Since then, the fol- 
lowing gentlemen have occupied the pulpits in Calais or 
Milltown : — Revs. N. Whitney, C. M. Freeman, Joel 

A. Steele, G. D. Strout, Seldon Wentworth, S. H. 
Beal, E. M. Fowler, B. M. Mitchell, Frank Strout, T. 

B. Tupper, T. P. Abel, A. B. Townsend, and C. L. 
Haskell. The last two are still ofliciating, and their 
societies enjoying prosperity. Recently the Calais so- 
ciety has purchased a lot for a new church, and intend 
soon to build. 

During this lapse of time, both societies have had 

ups and downs. In prosperity each has had its own 
pastor ; but in seasons of depression, one minister has 
served both. The South Calais Society has become ex- 
tinct ; but Methodism has as strong a foot hold and as 
fair a prospect, at present in Calais as it ever had ; and 
by judicious management, it may long have more com- 
municants than any other denomination. 



ANGLICAN CHURCHES. 



/D 



XII. 

ANGLICAN CHURCHES. 
1st. Christ's church, — st. Stephen. 

Early impressions are lasting. People seldom for- 
get the religious instruction of their childhood. Espe- 
cially is this true of persons brought up in an Episcopal 
Church. Its sweet, solemn music, its devout prayers in 
which all unite, its well read Bible lessons, its reverent 
kneeling and bowing, its white robed priest and holy 
sacraments, all sweep the chiords in a child's soul, to 
harmonies that no after life can wholly hush. 

Many of the early settlers of St. Stephen had been 
reared in the bosom of the English Church ;and it is not 
strange that amid the savage wilds and dreary hard- 
ships of a strange land, they should at times long for the 
soothing, cheering ministrations of their old, home sanc- 
tuaries. Accordingly in 1806, they sent a petition with 
many signatures, to the Bishop of Fredericton, asking 
for a minister of their own faith. Their request was 
granted ; and in a few months, Rev. Richard Clarke 
came to St. Stephen and inaugurated ''Christ's Church." 
The services, for several years were conducted in a 
small building on King St., and were ever pleasant and 
profitable. Mr. Clarke was a gentlemanly and peace- 
able Pastor, not very eloquent in the pulpit, but highly 



76 



an(;lican cmuniKs. 



estoemod for \m pure life and hlniiKilcss conduct. In 
his care the (Jhur{!li slowly hut stojidily and healthfully 
itKU'cascd in numbers and i)i(!ty. After preaching about 
a dozen years, he moved to Fredericton. But his son 
still residing in St. Stephen, he subsequently returned, 
and in a good old age passed on to the '4ong home." 

The next Pastor, Rev. (r. S. Thompson, I). I)., set- 
tled in St. Stephen in 1821. He was a large, fine look- 
ing, energetic and eloquent man and devout C'hristiau. 
Diu'ing his long and successful ministry, a lai'ge and 
elegant church was erected on Prince William St., and 
the parish became one of the largest and best in New 
Brunswick. lie also secured the erection of a church 
edifice in Milltown, N. B., in which, for several 3'ears, 
he conducted religious service on Sunday afternoons. 
This house, having remained "at case" for several years, 
was recently burned. lie was also shrewd and judi- 
cious in looking up and securing profitable glebes for the 
support of his Church. Highly respected by all the 
citizens in his parish, Dr. Thompson was greatly belov- 
ed and revered by the members of his church. Having 
well })erformed the (hities of pastor, for forty years, he 
passed on to his levvard, full of years and honor. Mar. 
30, 1867. 

On his decease, Rev. E. S. ISIedley, who alread}'^ 
had served a year or two as colleague, became pastor. 
Mr. Medley was a son of the Bishop of Fredericton, and 
a young man of good education, fair talents and fine 
promise. For a little time, all were well satisfied ; but 
the young pastor was a High-Churchman, and this, his 
people would not tolerate. An unpleasant state of 
atlairs ensued, and in 1871, he resigned ainl went to 
England, where he is said to be highly respected. The 



t. 



1 
a 
s 
c 
s 



AN(ili<;an curuc iiks. 



77 



present incuinbout is Rev. Joseph Uushtoii, a yoiin^ 
man of j^ood e(liieati(m and juMress, vvlio is fast win- 
ning the hearts of all his people. 

In 1M61, the elegant ehureh on Prinee Williarii St. 
was set on (ire by a erazv ineendiarv named Price and 
entirely consumed. The present edifice wa» begun in 
18C3, and finished and eonsecratc^l the next year. The 
parish expenses are mainly defrayed by the iueonie of 
its glebes, and its permanency is thus assured. 

2nd. ST. annk's church, — Calais. 

A genuine Episcopalian never feels at home ii) any 
church except one of his own faith and form of worship. 
For many years the families in Calais which belonged 
to that denomination, attended service \v Christ's 
Churjch, St. Stephen. But when those families had be- 
come somewhat numerous, and Calais had gr<»wn to a 
large and thriving village, it was deemed better to have 
a religious home on the American side of the river, 
wherein the children could be baptized and brought up, 
the sons and daughters married, and the devout com- 
mune witli the Infinite. 

This condition of affairs having been made known 
to some of the Bishops of New England, in 1850, Rev. 
Geo. W. Durell, now of Somerville, Mass., was sent to 
Calais as a missionary. After a careful canvass of the 
possibilities and probabilities of the localit}-, Morton's 
Hall was hired and fitted up as a place of worship ; and 
Nov. 24, 1850, for the first time in this city. Divine 
service was celebrated in accordance with the form pre- 
scribed in the book of Common Prayer. The next Sun- 
day, Decl, a Sunday-school was organized, having eleven 
scholars, and the Church began its work. From this 



78 ANdlJCAN <IIi:U('IIKS« 

small ho;;infiiM<j;, tliuro vv.'is n slow luit conHtrint <^rovvtli, 
niitii Sept. U), 18')i, when a parish was Icitally orjijan- 
i/('<l, and iiaiiiwl ' St. Aiiuo's (Jhiirch", of which, Nov. 
20, Itcv. (i. W. Duroll was choscMi Ki'ctor. 

A inoro convenient place of worship was tiio 
next tiling needed. The nijitter was talked over, a plan 
of operations was aujreed upon, and the work of buihlinji; 
a church coninicnced. The Corner Stone was laid June 
10, IHoJi, and the building finished tlu^ followinu; year. 
This happy result was larjj;ely due to the indefatigable 
energy and perseverance of the Rector. 

In August, 18G1, Mr. Durell resigned, and in 
18(12, Rev. Daniel F. Smith was sent to take charge of 
the parish. He remained till the Spring of 18G4, when 
he resigned and moved to New Hampshire. Mar. 7, 
1805, Rev. Kdwin W. Murray was elected Rector, and 
he still retains the oflice. lie is a native of Virginia, 
and a graduate of the Theological Seminar}' of Virginia. 
Hut he has resided in Maine for nearlv thirtv years, and 
acquired the noble reputation of being a schoia:*, gen- 
tleinan and christaiti. 

St. Anne's parish has a good church centrally and 
pleasantly located, an excellent organ and bell, and no 
debts. There are in the parish, about 70 families, 60 
communicants in the church, and 8 teachers with over 
100 scholars in the Sunday-school. As a whole, it bids 
fair to live, prosper, and long remain a religious bless- 
ing to community'. The present otiicers are James 

Perkins and James Nichols, Wardens ; John Gillis and 
Garrison Crowell, Vestry-men; Cornelius Ellis, Collect- 
or and Treasurer. 

3rd. TRINITY CHURCH, — st. Stephen. 

As the result of a distaste of the High Church no- 



ANOMOAN cnUUClIKM. 



79 



tioiis of Rev. K. S. Modloy, Rector of rinlst'H Cluucli, 
iiud porliups for soino other roiisoiis, in April, IH7(), 
Rol)l. Watson sind fifty-one others petitioned the Le;^- 
ishitnro of New Brunswick, for a division of the parish 
of St. Stephen. In a few days tiie petition was •grant- 
ed, and a new parish was or<j;anized in Marks' Hall. 
Hut the Rector and the Bish()[) of the diocese were de- 
cidedly opposed to this movement, and a loni^and sharp 
correspondence ensued hi^tween the new parish throu<^h 
its able Secretary, W. T. Rose, and John, Bishoi) of 
Fredericton an<l his son, Rev. E. S. Medley. Hut in 
spite of the strenuous op[)osition, the new parish erect- 
ed for its use, at an ex[)ense of about $()()()(), a pleasant 
and substantial meeting-house. It was finished in June, 
l«71,and consecrated by the name of Trinity Church, 
Nov. 5, 1872. The present worthy and faithful Pastor, 
Rev. Foster H. Almon, began his ministry in the new 
parish, in July, 1871. His congregation numbers over 
two hundred, and embraces a majoritv of the leading 
Episcopalians in St. Stephen. Though still young. 
Trinity Church is strong in zeal and wealth, and there 
seems to be no doubt that it will have a long and high 
career of usefulness. Its officers are N. Marks and 
Geo. Maxwell, Wardens ; R. Watson, Henry Graham, 
J. II. Rose, W. T. Rose and Thos. Gregory, Vestry-men ; 
Henry Webber, Clerk. 




80 



THK BAR. 



1st. 



XIII. 

THE BAR. 

CALAIS LAWYERS. 



Amid the often conflicting claims and interests in- 
cident to a new settlement, legal advice and assistance 
are frequently needed ; yet until 1810, no accredited 
lawyer had located in Calais. Till then, each citizen so 
far as he was able, had done that which seemed best for 
himself; and of course, pecuniar}' affairs of all kinds 
were h. dh entangled and confused. In many a case of 
conflicting claims, not one nor all of the citizens could 
decide exactly what was just and right. In such enier- 
jp^encies, an honest, well read lawyer was greatly need- 
ed ; and as usual, the want brought the supply. One 
came, then another and anothe**, until no Ic.-ss than 
thirtj'-scven attorneys have matle Calais their home. 
Some of them remained but a short time, while 'others 
here spent their long and useful lives. Some perhaps 
have be 3n only pettifoggers, while others have proved 
then elves ieMinied, talented and faithful. In the fol- 
lowing sketches of their lives anil ch^vracters, the design 
is to state all the good qualitit's of which traditic.n has 
.^ireserved the remembrance. Foi* many of the facts 
and dates I "in indebU d to IJon. Joseph Granger, at 
prCHtjnt the senior member of the iJar. 



TllK UAU. 



.Si 



The first lawyer was lion. Oooi<i;o Dovvncs, a na- 
tive of Walpole.Mass. and a son of Shubael Downos oni* 
of the original proprietors of Toivnship, No. T). At an 
earl}' age he entered Harvard College, and soon attain- 
ed a high rank among its students. After graduating 
he rend law with Judge Saauiel Hoar, and in IfSlG, eaine 
to Calais and coinnienccd the practice of his profession. 
There was much to do and he was able and willing to 
do it well. For fifty years he conti ruled to lie one ol' 
the most active, intiuential and worthy citizens of the 
town. He was a good neighbor, a genial companion. 
a popular citizen, an aide lawyer, a ripe scholar, a de- 
voted member and Deacon of the Congregational ist 
Church, and an honest man. In business he was suc- 
cessful ; living well and leaving a handsome [)roperty to 
his heirs. For a time he served as a State Senator ; 
and for a third of a century, as president of the Calais 
Hank ; and during all his long and ha[>[)y life, he ever 
stood among the tirst, in every good woitl and work. 
He died in peace in 1861), greatly lamented by all wlu^ 
knevN him. 

The next lawyer was Hon. Anson G. Chandler, the 
.son of Hon. .John Chandkr of Monmouth, Me., at one 
time a Senator in the U. S. Congi'f^ss. A graduate of 
Bovvdoin College and a [)roficient in law, he came to 
Calais in 1822, and o{)ene(,l an office. His ai)ility and 
energy soon won the confidence of the public ; and his 
reputation steadily increased until he was ai)poiuted one. 
of the Judges of the District Court for the Eastern 
District of Maine. He performed the duties of this 
office with credit to himself and honor to the Bench, 
until the expiration of his term, when he was appointed 
Collector of Customs fur the Passamacjuoddy District ; 



■ 






H'2 



Tin-: liAii. 



l>«it ti)c nppointmont not being confirmed by the U. S, 
Ser)!ite, he was soon after sent to tiie Sandwich islands, 
as American Consnl. He remaine<I tliere four years, 
returned home with iuipaired health ;ind died about 
IH()(). He had a richly stored mind and a versatile gen- 
ius ; and the people of Calais will ev(M' remember him 
as one of their greatest and most hoHore<] townsmen. 

Otis L. B'idges, Esq., came next. He was a na- 
tive of Charlotte, JMe. a graduate of liowdoin College, 
an enterprising man, an excellent citizen, a Ruccessful 
counsellor, and in 1842-.'i, Attorney fleneral of Maine. 
Although doing well and enjoying life iiere, the golden 
j)rospects and promises of California at length drew him 
thither. He continued the practice of law in his n^nv 
home, still prospering, till about 1870, wl. mi he peace- 
fully departed to his last and long home. 

The fourth lawyer was James S. Cooper, Esq., 
a native of Machias, Me. He read law with Hon. Geo. 
Downes, and opened an oflice immediately after being 
admitted to the Bar. He was a worthy citizen and an 
able, trustworthy attorney. Alter many successful 
years of business, he re. noved to Amherst, Mass., to 
give his children a bett'T opportunity for education; 
where not long since he went up higher. 

Then came James P. Vance, P^sq., a son of the 
late well known William Vance formerly a resident of 
Baring and a large land proprietor. He read law with 
Stephen Longfellow, Es(j., of Portland, and then came 
to Calais, whtre he soon obtained a respectable position 
and a fair share of business for a young man. But he 
disliked his profession, became an enemy to himself, 
and movi'tl to Elgii . Illinois. A new and better career 
now began. He repented of his sins, renounoi-d his 



THE RAH. 



83 



the 
t of 
with 
3ame 



Uv-er 

1 * 



bad habits, forsook tlie Bar and entered the Pulpit as a 
preaeher of the Methodist Church. Here he found iiis 
true vocation ; and at the present tiuie, at the ripe age 
of 74, he is still dispensinii; the Gospel of John Wesley, 
and doing a large amount of good. 

Ja(;ol) (^. ivettelle, Esq., was horn in Limerick, 
Me. lie graduated at Wattrville now Colhy, College, 
read lav; with Moses En. rv, Esq., of Saco, and after- 
wards with O. L. Bridges, Esq., of this city, and then 
opened an ofHce in Milltown ; hut he did not remain 
long in town. Although doing a fair amount of busi- 
ness, he became dissatisfied with ••down east,' and mov- 
ed to Boston, where he practiced law until his decease 
in 18G8. He was a man of sterlinii: intei::ritv and re- 
spectable ainlity ; and he has left behind him the frn- 
grance of a good name. 

Samuel II. Blake, Esq., was a Calais lawyer for 
a brief period. In 1830 he sold his ollice and business 
to Hon. Jose[)h Granger, and moved to B.'.;ngor, where 
he still resides, a wealthy and influential citizen an<l 
attorney. 

Geo. M. Chase, Esq., was born in Bradford. \'t. 
in 1806. He studied law lirst with Judge Fletcher of 
Lynden, Vt. and then with Judge Thayer of Camden, 
Me. In 1830, he opened a law office at Milltown ; and 
by good sense, assiduity and perseverance, soon secur- 
ed a profitable business In 1848, with the general 
down river drift of men and things, he moved to Calais. 
He was doing well, but desiring to do better, in 18r)3 
he went as American Consul to the Sandwich Islands, 
where, two years after, in tiie village of Lahaiua, he 
died. He is remembered as a bright, busy, chcrful 
citizen. 



84 



TIIK llXll. 



I. 



Tlio niutli lawyer that sottled in Calais was IIou, 
Joseph (lr:m<i:er ; at jnesent the senior member of the 
Bar in both this city and Washinj^ton County. He was 
born in Xewburyj)ort, Mass. about the beginning of 
the present century. In earl^' manhood he enjjnijetl 
and witli success in mercantile and connnercial busi- 
ness ; but on the occurrence of adverse circumstances, 
he abandoned these employments and read law with 
Moses Emery, Esq., of Soco. In ls;U) he came to this 
city, opened a law oflice and be<:;anhis life work, (iiv- 
in*:: himself wholly to his profession, and carrying? into 
it a ({uiclv i)erception, a clear head and a warm henrt, 
he has been eminently successful. Though on the 
shady side of three score and ten, "• his eye is not dim, 
nor his natund force abated." He is still uttending to 
a large amount of legal business, and is a Nestor among 
his younger brethren, and a highly respected member 
of society. 

iNIanly li. Towsend, Esq. was a native of Sidney. 
Me., a graduate of AV^aterville College, and a man of 
fine feelings and fair talents. He read law with O. L. 
Bridges, Es(j[., was admitted to the Barandl)egan jirac- 
tice. But having inarrieil a wealthv ladv, the daughter 
of tiie late A))ner Sawyer, and disliking the dry routine 
of legal affairs, he abandoned his profession, moved i^ 
Alexander, Me., and engaged in agriculture. He died 
in 1«S;j4. His son, Rev. Abner Townsend is an honor 
to the Methodist Church, and an elocjuent preacher of 
its doctrine. 

Hon. T. J. D. Fullei- came to Cahiis from Ver- 
niont, in 18;J4, and settled in jNIilltown, as a law part- 
ner of (1. H. Chase, Es(i. He was a genial, kind-heart- 
ed, honest man : and heuce soon won [jopularity. As 



tirt- 



Till-: HAK. Hf) 

u result, in l^^.S he was eleetetl Ropivsontativo to Con- 
gress, where he served liis constituents and the country 
for eijijlit years. Soon after leavinj^ C(»n<!;ress, he >vas 
appointed second Auditor in the Treasury (U'partiuent. 
which otHce lie retained until after the inauiiuration of 
President Lincoln. Since then he has resided in Wash- 
ington, 1). C. and practiced law. Although he did not 
realize the great evil of slavery nor clearly see the dutN 
of all good men to oi)pose it, yet he will longbe reniem- 
hered as one of the able and excellent citizens of Calais. 

Albert l*ills]>ury, Esq., a native of Easti)ort, 
studied law in Belfast, Me., and then came to Calais to 
engage in his profession. Soon after, however, he was 
appointed Clerk of the Courts in Washington county, 
and of course moved to Machias ; and for st'vera! years 
performed the duties of that ollice to the euHre satislac- 
tion of all interested. Subsetpiently he was appoii:ted 
American Consul for Halifax, X.S. where he died : — an 
honest, faithful, worthy man. 

Otis Patterson, Ksi|., came from Waldo coun- 
ty and settled in Calais about 1<S.'{2. and opened a law 
ottlce. He ilied four years afterwtu'd ; but his brief ca- 
reer proved him a man of fair ability and sterling integ- 
rity. His widow, whose maiden name was (ialvin. 
married Rev. Wm. A. Whitwell, the first pastor of the 
Unitarian church of Calais. 

Hon. liion Uriidbuiv, a native of Saco, gradu- 
ated at Howdoin, read law with Wm. P. I*rebleof Port- 
land and then settled in Calais. Not long after he was 
Mi)pointed Collector of Customs for the PassanuKpioddy 
District, and then itnioved to Eastporl. At the exj/i- 
ration of his term, he s.-ttled in Porthmd, where he still 
resides, ''a model lawyer" and a woithy citizen. 



8C 



Tin: HAK. 




Jorcinijili Bradlmrv, P^s(|., the f'jithcr (jf'Iiion. sot- 
tied in C'uhjis in 1.S40 and practiced law till iiis defease 
in 1850. He is renienil»ered as a sa<ia('i<nis and faithful 
attoiMUiy. 

Nelieniiah Abbot, Es(|., was for a time the law 
partner of (). L. Uridines, Escp, of this eity. Desiring 
a larger field for enterprise, he moved to Belfast, Me. 
where he still lives and enjo3's a high re[)utation as a 
hiwver and citizen. 

N. II. Hubbard, Esq. eame here from South Ber- 
wick, and for a year was the law partner of Hon. Jo- 
seph (Jranger. He then went to Winterport, where he 
still resides. He is extensively known on the Penobscot 
both as lawyer and politician. 

Hon. F. A. Pike, a native of this city, received his 
education at Bowdoin, read law with Hon. Joseph 
(iranger, and was admitted to the Bar in 1842. In a 
brief period he won a large Jind enthusiastic circle of 
friends and patrons. In 1852 he was chosen Mayor of 
Calais. Shortly after he was elected a representative 
to the State Legislature ; and at a subse<iuent session 
was chosen Speaker of the House. After that, for 
eight years he served as Rei)resentative in Congress. In 
ever}' otHce, he gate honor to J^astern Maine, and en- 
tire satisfaction to his constituents. He is still highly 
esteemed as a sound lawyer and an enterprising citizen. 

Geo. Walker, Esq., a nephew of Rev. Dr. Walker 
formerly President of Harvard University, was for a 
time the law partner of Jeremiah Bradbur}' in this city. 
Later he moved to Machias, where he yet stands among 
the foremost citizens and attorneys of the place. 

Charles R. Whidden, Esq., a native of Calais, 
gi'aduated at Waterville College, studied law at the 



Tin: HAH. 



of 

tivo 

^sion 

for 

In 

en- 

hiy 

izen. 
ilker 
3r a 



I 



lais, 



the 



Ilarvnrd Law Sdiool, and opened an olliee in tills eity 
in IH;")!. Three venrs after he was ehosen County At- 
torney ; and he retained this position thirteen years. In 
1H<;« and again in I'SOJJ, he was eleeted Hcpresentative 
to the Maine Legislature. In 1M70 he was a[)pointed 
Colleetor of'rustonis for the Passania(|Uoddy District. 
Thus for nearly twenty years he was eonstantly eini)loy- 
ed in ottlces of honor and trust. No better proof can 
be afl'orded of pulilie apin'eeiation. At the exi)iration 
of his four years term as Colleetor, he again began work 
as a lawyer, in his native town, and is busy as eyer. 

Geo. W. Dyer. Es(j., is a son of the late Jones 
Dyer of this eity. He read law with lion. Joseph 
Granger, and for three years was his law partner. For 
a time he served as Gov. Col)urn's priyate seeretaiy. 
In lHGl-2 he was a Representative in the Maine Legis- 
lature. In 1802, having been appointed a Paymaster 
in the arm}', he rem<jve<l to Washington I). C. where he 
now resides and practices his profession. lie is re- 
membered here as an active, companionable man w ith 
a great memory full of valuable information. 

Charles E. Pike, a brother of Hon. F. A. Pike, 
also read law with Hon. Joseph Granger. But soon 
after being admitted to the Bar, he moved to Machias 
and a while after to Boston, where he is still engaged 
in his jn'ofession. 

Daniel Tyler, Esq., came from Vermont and open- 
ed an oflice in JSIilltown in 1847. He remained eijjht oi" 
ten 3'ears, and then went to Oskosh, Wis. where for a 
time he claimed to be doing a ver}' large business. He 
is now employed as a Clerk in one of the Departments 
at Washington, and is reported as doing well. 

E. B. Harve}', Esq, was born in Barnet, Vt., in 



•! 



Ml 



88 



TlIK HAI{. 



lH2t\^ iliul cdueutod in Cjilcdonia Scniinarv in PcMclmni. 
From the 14tli to the 22ii(l year of his u^^e, chronic 
illnoHs prevented him IVom studying or enga<>in<>- in any 
active ))nrsuit. On recovering his heaitli lie entered the 
ofMce of(i()v. John Mattock, and read hiw with him for 
two years. lie tiien went to Pennsylvania and read 
hivv a vear and a half more in the otlice of Blanchard 
and Cnrtin in liellefont. HlanchaKi was then a mem- 
ber of Congress, and Cnrtin afterward became (iovern- 
or of the State. After being enrolled as a lawyer, he 
came East and was admitted to the liar in Machias in 
1848. Six months after he came to Milltown, and foi- 
fouryeais was the law i)artn(^r of Hon. T. J. 1). FuUer. 
In 18(»() he moved to Calais; and two vears after he 
was chosen Countv Attornev, which olHce he still re- 
tains. In politics he began as a Whig, from which he 
naturally drifted into the Republican ranks, lie is a 
vvorthv member of societv and a friend to "verv jiood 
cause. 

Silas P. Briggs, Esq., a smart lawyer, came here 
from Saratoga, N. Y. ; remained a few 3'ears and then 
returned to his former home, where he is now liviiig. 

Uobert X. Smith, Esq., was a son of the late lion. 
Noah Smith of this city. He was an erratic genius, 
and an eccentric adventurer. His whole nature was 
averse to the patient, persevering toil of lawyer life. 
Hence he left town, and after much travel both in this 
country and Europe, and many a strange adventure, he 
came to an untimelv end, by a railway accident near 
Springfield, 111. in I860. 

(ieo. B. Burns, Esq., was a son of New Hampshire. 
After teaching foi" a time in a Senlnarv in Charleston, 
S. C. and studying law in Boston, he came to Calais in 



THK UAU. 



89 



1851 . llo was assiduous in husincss, true to liis tVicinls. 
imvioldiny: in his (.'onvirtions and laitlifiil to his clit'iits. 
Ik'did a iar<i:(' aiiioimt of husiiu'ss, aniasscd (juite u Ibr- 
tiine, and died in 1871, from over work and ('X[)osuri'. 
and not of old a<:o. 

Hon. (Jco. E. Dowiu'sisa son of tlie lato lion. 
Goo. Downes of this city. He hi'j^an the pnietiet' of 
hiw in Cherrvlieid. but after a time returned home. For 
several years lie has held the resj)onsjl»le olliee of Mii- 
nieii)al Judge, and dis('har«^ed its duties to the entire 
satisfaction of the public. He is esteemed as a sound 
le<5al adviser, and a j^enial, kind-hearted, obli<^in«i- and 
honest citizen. 

(r. F. (iran<i;er. Esq., a son of Hon. Joseph (Iran- 
jjjer, read law with his father, and l)e<j;an })racti('e in 18.'>1>. 
On the breaking out of the Rebellion, he entered the 
arm}' as Cai)tain of volunteers. Subsecpiently he was 
elected Colonel, and afterwards promoted to the rank of 
Brevet Bri<>a<lier (Jeneral, as a reward for merit. At 
the return of i)eace he again entered his father's oflice as 
a law partner, where he is still busily and successtully 
employed. 

• C B. Hounds, Es(i.. is a native of Auburn, Me. 
and a graduate of Bowdoin College. He read law with 
A. M. Pulsifer, Esq. of Auburn, an<l in IHliO became a 
law partner with Hon. Joseph (i ranger. The next 
year he opened an otlice in his own name, and has ever 
since been rising in re[)utation as a well read and tal- 
ented attorney. .For a time he served as Superintend- 
ing School Conmiittee ; and the existing, excellent sys- 
tem of gi'aded schools in thii^ cit}' is largely the fruit of 
his judicious labors. 

Geo. A. Curran, Esq., is a native of Calais. Losing 



110 



TFCK I5AK. 



liis I'Mtlicr when (|iiit(' y<>mi<i", mid the faiiiilv liciii^ left 
in Htrnltcncd circunistMiiccs, lie wns thrown npon his 
own rcsoinvcH ; and he is thi'iclorc csscnti.Mliy ;i scll- 
niiuh' niiin. After c*lerkin«j; :i wiiile in ji IxMtk store, he 
read law with ('. H. Whidden, Ks<i.. and was a(hiiitte<l 
totiielJar. lie is (piick to perceive and undiTstand, 
and tinent in speeeh and writing, lie lias a lair share 
ofleifal bnsiness, and for several years has been a re*:;- 
idar eontribntor t(; the Calais and St. Stephen papers. 
He is esteemed as a worthy and <i,rowin<i" man. 

M. N. M(d<nsiek. Ks(i., is a nativcM)!' liarinjj^. Me. 
lie was edneated in the IMilltown, N. I»., Academy, and 
hegaii his life work as a school teacher. In IXCd lie en- 
listed in the (Ith Battery of Maine Lij^ht Artilleiy. He 
was soon after api)()inted Orderly Serj^eant, and then 
elected 1st Lieutenant. He had connnand of the liat- 
ti'ry in the wilderness, and was severely wonnded at 
Cold Harbor. On recovering" from his wonnd, he was 
l)laced on the staff of Col. Mc(Jilverv, and afterwards 
ai)p(>lnted Post Adjutant at l*itisbnr_i»'. when* he was 
honorably dischar<>\'d in liSOI. Hetnrninii; home, he 
aji^ain took the fernle, served as Selectman <>f liarin*!;, 
and studied law. In IHCl) he was admitted to the Bar, 
and tlie next year became a law i)artner with C. B. 
Rounds, Escj., where he still remains, an enei<2;etic, go- 
aliead man. 

J. (J. Beckett, Esq., camo fr<>m Scotland. For 
several years he carried on a successful business as a 
(Confectioner, and accpiired considerable ])roperty. In 
1870 he attended the Harvard Law School, and the 
next year, gained admission to the Bar. But thus far, 
sickness and a multitude of cares, have ])revented him 



THE UAU. 



IM 



at 



B. 



H 

In 

the 
far, 
liim 



iVoiii atti'iKliiiu' vciT clost'Iv to tin- diitii's of liis proft's- 
sion. 

A. \{. Wlii'ldcn, K.s(|.. a son of C. K. Wliiddcn, Ks«|., 
of this city. i«'ad law witli lils fatluT and wasadniittt'dto 
[(lacticc. lliit soon aftrr. he took a severe cold tliat in- 
duced brain fever, from tlu> residts of which, unliappily, 
lie has not vet recovei'cd. 

Archiliald McNichol. Ks(j,, n native of Charlotte 
County, N. 1».. rea<l law with (leo. I>. Hums, Kscj., and 
afterwards with Hon. .1. A. Lowell of Machias, with 
ulioni for a tiine he was a partner. In IXJJT lu' moved 
to Kastport and entcM'ed into |»artnershi[) with Samuel 
1). J^eavitt, Ks(j. In IMJ.') he came to Calais and op- 
ened theollice tormerly occu))ied hy (i. H. liurns, Ksip, 
where he is doing a lar<i;e business and steadily winnin*^' 
l)opular favor. 

L. (i. Downes. Kscj., a son of the late Hon. (leo. 
Downes, is a giaduate of Bowdoin Colleue, and an able 
lawyer. I'ntil recently he has reside*) in Machias. In 
1<S71 he was a membei" of (lov. Dingh'v's C<juncil ; and 
there is no doubt that he will long remain a promiiient 
man in Washington County. 

F. W^. KuowlUjii, Es(p, is a n;itive of Ilamplen, 
Me.,an<la graduateof TuftsCollege. He was admittt; 1 to 
the Bar in April 1874, and enjoys tiie reputation of 
being an honest, intelligent and [)romising 3'oung man. 

It will be seen by this list that the members of the 
Calais Bar have been ''neither few nor small," and that 
every one who faithfully attended to business, reaped 
prosperity. 

2nd. LAWYERS, — ST. STKPIIEN. 

St. Stephen has had fewer members ofthe Bar than 




IMAGE EVALUATION 
TEST TARGET (MT-3) 




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23 WEST MAIN STREET 

WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 872-4503 



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92 rriK iwu. 

Calais, hut tlio avorajje aliility has not l)C'(»n inferior. 
St. Andrews Ix'inii; tlio shiro town of Charlotte Conntv, 
and for many years a larger villaj^e than St. Sto[)hen, 
the lawyers have preferred to reside there. Much of 
the up-river lei^al business has been done there ; yet 
St. Stephen hns for many years numbered among her 
citizens, Barristers of high rank. 

B}' the English Con it arrangement there are three 
grades of lawyers. Young men that pass a satisfactory 
examination, are admitted as Attorneys. After two 
years, if their attainments and ability warrant the pro- 
cedure, ihey are advanced to the rank of Barristers. 
Still later, those of sterling talents are promoted to the 
grade of (Queen's Counsellors. By f.his wise arrange- 
ment a lawyer's title indic.ites his legal attainment and 
standing. A knowledge of this fact is essential to a 
right estimate of the English Bar. 

The tlrst law^'ers in St. Stephen were Robert Mow- 
att, and l*eter Stubbs. They came ivt an early day from 
St. Andrews, did a large amount of business, ami were 
accounted worthy men. Mr. Mowatt married a tlaugh- 
ter of Robert Watson, Si. lioth of them long since 
went to that "bourne whence no traveller returns." 

Geo. S. Hill, EH(j.,a son of Abner Hill of Milltown, 
N. B., after receiving a classical educotion in Dartmouth 
College, N. II., read law with Judge Chipman of St. 
John, and was admitted an Attorney in 1<S21, and a 
Barrister in IS.'iO. He opened a law otlice in St. Steph- 
en, and immediately gained a large number of clients. 
But the peoi)le perceiving him to be a man of extensive 
information, wide scope of vision, and sound judgment, 
soon sent him to the Provincial Parliament; where as 
Legislator or Councillor, he faithfully served his con- 



Tin: 15AH. 



W.) 



"!)ll- 



stitiuMits ami comiliy for twenty-live years. lie died 
in 1802, beloved und JKjnored by all who had niaile his 
uc(iuaintanee. 

Alexander Caini»i)ell, Ksij., a native of St. Amlrews 
and a son of Colin Campbell foiinerly High Sheriff of 
Charlotte Coniit\ . read law in St. John, becanie an At- 
torney, and in lo.'J2 settled in St. Stephen. Two years 
after he rose to <'. ; rank ol" Barrister, and soon proved 
himself a sound, able and reliable lawyer. IJnt like 
many others he was svve[)t away by the California gold 
fever, and is now a prominent lawyer in San Kraneiseo. 

Stephenll. llitchings, Es'|.,a nativeof St. Stei)hen 
and a son of Robert Ilitehings, read law with (ieo.S. Hill, 
Kscj., and on beeon)ing an attoriu^y in 18J35, opened an 
ofHce in Milltown, and in 1«.'}7 atlain'Ml the grade ol" 
Barrister. lie has been very sneeesslid in bnsiness. 

He is now the senior member of the Bar in St. Ste[»hen. 
and widi'ly known iis ajn<licioiiseonnsellor and valuable 
eitizen. 

'1 homas B. Abb(»tt, Emj., came from the States, read 
law with CJeo. S.ili!!. V'sq., was admitted as an Attorney 
in 1JS;}7, and Barrister in 1839. He was well versed in 
law, and n man of kind leelings and genllenuudy ad- 
dress. After some twent3' years practice, he "slept with 
his fathers." 

George J.Thompson, Ksc^., a son of the late Rev. Dr. 
Thompson, Rector of Christ's Church, St. Stei)hen, was 
educated imder the tuition of his father, and read law in 
tile oltice of Geo. F. Street, Esq., St. John, afterwards 
Judge of the Sui)reme Court of New Brunswick. Hav- 
ing obtained a tlunough knowledge of law, he was ad- 
mitted as an Attorney in 1837, a Barrister in 183S), and 
sid)sequently a C^ueen'b Counsellor. The people of St. 



!)( 



t:ii: bar. 



Stophcn soon booomo awjiro tli;it in ovorv ro-ipoct ho 
wMs ;i first ('Ifiss liiwyor, hikI entrusted to his earo a 
l.'irjre ninount of leLr.'il hnsiness ; itnt he too has pjone 
where ''the wieked cease from trouhlinLi; and the ■weary 
are at rest." 

lion. J. G.Stevens wns horn in Edinhnrg. Seothind, 
and ediieated in th(? University of tiiat city, and partly 
under tin? tuition of thos(» worhl lenowned men.*^ir Will- 
iam Hamilton and ('hristopher North, then I'rofessors 
in that Institution. His fnther, Andrew Stevens (M)joy- 
ed the freedom of Kdinl)ur<»;, and was a Solicitor of the 
Supreme Court of Scotland, His mother, a daughter 
of Sir Colin Caniphell, was a ladyof refmed culture and 
literary taste. She occasionally wrote articles for t!ie 
periodicals of the da}', and was the author of several 
interesting volumes, among which were "'Llewellyn,'* 
and ''Fanny Fairfield." 

INIr. Stevens came to this country with his brother. 
Rev. Andri'W Stevens, in 1840, and made St. Stephen 
his home, lie studied law with Alexander Campbell, 
Es(j,, a distant relative, and I). S. Kerr, Ks(|., now of 
St. John, and became an Attorney in 1845, a Barrister 
in 1<S47, and a. Queen's Counsel, and Judge of the 
County Courts in 1«()7. He was a member of the Pro- 
vincial Parliament from l.'^dl to 18()7, except during 
the year when the Anti-Confederatit)nists were ii> pow- 
er. His appointment to the Hench was solely for mer- 
it. As a Judge he commands the respect of the Bar 

and the uiHjualified Csjmmendation of the people. He is 

the anthor of the able "Digest of Law Reports in the 

Courts of New Brunswick," recently published, and is 

still busy with his careful pen. A great reader, a deep 



TlIK U.Wl. 



95 



tliink'or. !i hrinl worker and n coiiitooiis jr.M.Moinan, lie 
»)i(l.s fair to livo many years and to do iiiufli «r,„Ml. 

(icor<r(" S. Oriintncr, Ks(,., u son of John firiniinor 
of St. Stcplu-n. is a man of whom the parish has every 
reason to be prond. He rea<l huv with J. W. Chandler, 
Esq., of St. Andrews, gained the position of Attorney 
ill 1«17, Barrister in IS-i!). anrj snbsecpiently Clerk «">f 
the Peaee, and Clerk of tUo Charlotte Co,inty Conrt. 
He is also a Queen's Cownsellor, and in IHCl was in the 
Provineial Parliament. He isstill aetivelv and sneeess- 
fully engaged in the dnti<>s of his odiee and i»rofession. 
Lewis A. Mills. Esq., heeame an Attorney in l-SO;} 
and a Barrister in isd/i. lU, [^ .veil n.id in law, an.l a 
?nan of considerable ability. 

J. a. Stevens, Jr., B. A., a son of Judge Stevens, 
received his etiucation in the University of Xeu- Jin.ns- 
wick, and attained the station of Att()rne\- in ISGI* and 
arnster in l«7l. 

dames Mitchell, M. A., is a graduate of the same 
eollege, and became Attorney and B.rrister at the same 
time as Mr. Stevens. These two yoi.ng men are i,i 
partnership, and are doinj^ ., fai,- business and giving 
l)romise of becoming able lawyers. 

M. Macmonagle, Esq., came from King's Connty, 
is doing considerable business, gives goo<l satisfaction! 
and is evidently a rising man. He was admitted At- 
torney in 1871 and Barrister in 187.'3. 





( 





Of; 



F. * A. MASONS. 



XI\. 

F. & A. MASONS. 

It is coiuumUmI by ivH wlio have t'xaiiiiiKMl tlic snl>- 
ject, thiit Musonry is not only uneient tin<l honoiuble, 
but also an institution friendly to the best interests of 
humanity. Ignoring sects and parties it trices to gath- 
er all worthy men into one democratic fold, and there 
teach them to walk and work together in l)rotherlv love. 
Tiie Lodge room is a common home, where all stai]d 
upon the same high level, and are equally exhorted and 
bound to respect, trust antl assist each other. Bad men 
may and sometimes do. join the Fraternity, as unworthy 
people are sometimes admitted into churches; but ihe 
intention is to admit only the honest ; and the inliuence 
of a well regulated J^odge is for good and good only. 

Masonry has long been a world-wide fraternit}- ; 
an<l hence among the early settlers of Calais and St. 
Ste|)hen, there were a fcnv brethren of the mystic-tie. 
Though coming from far apart homes, these brethren 
soon recognized their masonic relationship, and felt a 
common desire to have some secluded retreat, where 
they could meet on the level and part on the square. 
Such meetings, they were convinced, would mitigate the 
dreariness and weariness of their isolateil, back-woods 
residence. Accordingly, after going through the need- 
ful formalities, the masons began their work. 



F. & A. MASONS. 
OHIMIAN FKIKNDS LODGE, ST. STKIMIKN, 



i)7 



I' nee 

ity ; 

St. 
•tie. 
lien 
t a 
lere 
line. 

the 
)ods 
eed- 



wjis instituted Oct. 2(')lh, 1«()'.), by virtue of ;i warnmt 
issueil to Samuel Dailinu', Kl)enezer I{u<j;l)ee, an«rriiti(l- 
deus Ames, hy Sir Jolni Wentwoilli, Baronet, of Hali- 
fax, D. G. Master of the I'rovineial (Irand I^odj^e ol' 
Nova Scotia. Anion*^ the prominent memi)ers of tins 
Lodge were William Todd, Sr., .laeoh Young, Shuhael 
Downcs, .Joseph Whitney, John Cottiell, Daniel Whit- 
ney, Jonathan Rogers, Samuel Stuart and others: 
and managed l»y such men, the institution, for a time, 
enjoyed great prosperity. But by the death or removal 
of many of its most active and reliable members, the 
Lodge at last became so reduced that about 1JS22. it 
resigned its charter an 1 ceased to exist. 

SUSSKX LODGE, NO. 327. ST. STEPHEN, 

was instituted Mar. 17, 164G, under a warrant from the 
Grand Lodge of Ireland, issued l)v Augustus Frederic, 
Duke of Leimster, and granted to Dugald Blair, M. D., 
Thomas W. Rogers, and James Frink. This Lodge, 
although, with ail other lodges of the Province, in IMdH 
it gave up its Irish warrant and received a charter 
from the Grand Lodge of New Brunswick, has retained 
its name and continued its work without interrrui)tion 
to the i)resenttime : and it is now in healthy and vigorous 
condition. Its ollicers are Samuel Weelock, M ; An- 
dre-,", McFarlane, S. W. ; K. G. Vroom, J. W. 

There have been two Royal Arch Chai)ters in St. 
Stephen. The first received its warrant from the 
Grand Chapter of Ireland ; f)ut like Sussex Lodge, it 
surrendered its Irish warrant, and in 1868 received a 
charter from the Grand Chapter of Scotland, by which 



'■•>< V. A A. MASONS. 

it nM'oivos its iimiiic mikI miinhiT : — Sr. Stkpiikn R. A. 
Cfiaitkk, Xn. 12"). Its present u(!icers are Hugh 
McKiiy. II. 1'. : (Jcoroc F. IMri'lar. K. : K.O. Vroom, S. 
It is doinu well. 

TIIK sr. STKIMIKX KNCAMPMKNT OF K\I»;nTS TKMIM.AK, 

()r<>faiii/<'(l in 1«72. has ;i ch.trtor IVom \\\v ''(irnnd Ue- 
liiiious mikI Militai V Onh'rs ol'thc Tcinpio jind Ilospitnl" 
oC Sootlniid. Its ollic'(!rs are Win. \':m<jfh;u). Kininont 
Coinninnder ; I>!ivi<^ M;iin,Snl) Trior : J.I I. Hose, Mare- 
selial. This Couinianderv is in jj;oo(l order aud vveil 
sni)|)orted. 



ST. f'ROIX LODGK, — CALAIS. 

On tho downfall of Sussex Lod^ro in 1H22, the Ma- 
;ions ill Cnlais felt it to be their privile<2:o and duty to 
start a Lod«ie on the American side of the river. Ae- 
eordinijly after mature de]il)eration, a petition for a 
Charter wt\s sent to the Grand Lodge. The petition- 
ers were 



Joseph Whitney, 
Thodore Jones, 
Asa A Pond. 
KluMiezer Kendinir, 
Willi;im (loodwin. 
William Smith, 
David Duren, 



Charles Sprinfj, 
Isaac Lnne, 
Samuel Dnrlinof, 
Rufus K. Lane, 
John Brewer. 
Lorenzo Rockwood, 
John Hall. 



The Grand T^odge granted the re(|ucst. April 1' i, 
1824 ; and in the following December, "St. Croix Lodge 
OF F'hkr and Accepted ^Lvsons, No, 4G," was duly or- 
ganizecL Tli'^ oflicers elected were 

Asa A. Pond, W. M. John Hall, S. W. 

Eben. Reading, J. W. Wm. Pike, Sec'y. 



K. X A. M\S«>N>. 



w 



1, 

I DOE 

or- 



ThtMxlorr .loiKs. S. I). .loliii Milliki'ii, .1. I). 

The nu'L'tiii^s <it"lli(' l.<»(l<i(' wnc h.lil in ;i cIimiiiIm'I' 
or IimII ill till' 1. (tf 11k! iim near the coriicr ol" Main mikI 
Cliurch Sts. Her*' it worUtMl and piospt'iiMJ mivlcr its 
Warrntit ol" Disix'iisation. till .Iiim' 21, l-s-iC. wlicii. in 
the iK'W ("()n»iiT*iati()!ial Clmrcli. it was solcniulv coii- 
socratcd by I.ihln iis liailcy. I). 1). (i. M. of tlu' C.tli 
District. A lariic aiKlicncc was present, an 1 the ser- 
vices w«'re very inipressi\c. The ollieer.^ instaMtNl on 
the occasion, were thesjinu'as those al)ove named, ex- 
copt 

Win. (ioodwin, S. W. Gf^o. Downes. .J. W. 

Martin Mesi ,e, Treas. Isaac J^.me, ,]. 1). 

JNIutthew na'!tijj.s,S.S. Newell Bond. J. S. 

Thomas MeFarhine, Tyler. 

.Shortly .it'ter, the L ol" the inn. containln^!: the 
Lodge room was removed to Salem St., and converted 
into a dv.ellini^ house, — tl'c Simpson hnildini;. A new 
and hu:>er w'lwj: to the inn was 'Jiected, havinyr a lari»er 
and more convenient liall ; and he)e the Lodge met antl 
prospereti tor three years. 

In l.S'il). the Anti-masonic nunia reached Calais; 
and so intense was the i)id)lic Teeling, that in the latter 
part of this year, St. Croix LodjLjc an<l most others in 
the country deemed it prudent to sus[)end work and 
cease to hold meetings. Aecordinijly the furniture, 
jewels, chaiter and records were packed in boxes and 
stored in the aiite-room. and the hall deserted. A few 
years alter, the inn was burned, and the Lodj^.- lost all 
its property except its Seal, which was in the hands of 
ics secretary. 

For fifteen long years the Fraternity waited for the 
epidemic to subside and the right hour to come to call 



100 F. & A. MASONS. 

tlicin Mjjjaiii to labor. All <nv\v rusty, mikI not ji low en- 
tirely ror<;(>t all the .iiee points in the work and leetnres. 
The rit^ht tiineennie at last. Jan. 11, 1S44, the (irand 
Lo(l<ie met in An<rnsta, and M.Mtlhew Ilastin<j;s, then a 
meniher of the Leni.slature, in the name ol' his brethren 
in Calais, rcMjuested it to «r|'{int u Dis[)ensation enipover- 
in<i; the St. Croix Lodge to resume its work, 'i'lie 
re(juest was complied with ; and June i, 1844, the Lodge 
met at Milltown in ihe buildin<jj now oceupied by S. 
Adams. At the next meeting, June 8, the Ibllowing 
olHcers were elected : 



i\L Hastings, M. 
tSeth Kmerson, J. W. 
John JNIanning, See'v. 
W. iL Tobie, J. D. 
AliVed IJerry, J. S. 



Joshua Veazie, S. W. 
Wui. lioardinan, Treas. 
li. L. Lowell, S. I). 
Thomas McFarlane, S. S. 
Isaac Lane, Tylei". 



Aug. 7, 1844, the J^odge moved into Bishop and 
lierry's Hall on Point St., and the same evening 'voted 
that the Regular Communication should be on i^-he Mon- 
day preceding the full moon." The rules oi'the Gruiid 
Lodge were also adopted the same evening. 

At the annual meeting in .hinuar}', 1845, Joshua 
Venzie was chosen M., Seth Emeison, S. W., and L. 
L. Lowell, J. W. 

In the Spring, the Lcxlge (imdng its room incon- 
venient, moved into a hall titted for its use, in the L of 
the house now owned by the heirs ot John Goodwin, 
and used as a school-room. May 2i), 1845, it received 
a nevt^ Charter without expense ; and was again in good 
working order. 

But the quarters of the Lodge were still not satis- 
factory ; and during the Summer an arrangement was 
made with the Congregaiionalii-t Society, to erect a two 






I'. X A. MASONS. 



illl 



lua 
L. 

.of 
in, 

ved 
)ck1 



stf)ry l)iiil<liiijj,' ; the lower tlooi' to lie m vcsti'v. .'iinl tin- 
U|)|»('i' llooi* M li.'ill lor Masonic use. Scpl. .">(►. \x\'>. 
the eonicr sloiic was hiid in dni' and ainplf loin) liy 
.leiTmiali bowler. I). 1). (i. M., and an apjuopria!*' 
address delivi'ifd Ity \\v\ . James All»'\ . Ivcrloc ol" a 
Clinrcli in St. Andrews. .N. 15. 'I'lie lionsc was lini^lu'd 
the next .season. !in<l (Mcn|>ied lor the lirsi time, Dee. 
lM, iHir,. 

It seemed as il'tiie poor, wandtrinii Lod^e had at 
hist found a permanent home; l)nt new trials soon e.'ime. 
The parish insisted that the hall should Itc used lor 
Masonic purposes only. Tli" Masons insisted that 
they shouhl eonti"(d it a> they pleased ; nnd a Ion*"" war 
of woi'ds ensued. iirsi'lcs, the Lodue was poor and 
unahle to pay its half of the buildinu:expenses. Finally 
discoura<jfem"nt set in, :iiid Oct. 2;"). l.slT it was "'votivl 
that St. Croix Lod.i»e cease to hold meetin<!;s in this 
plaee, from and aftc; this «'venin<i-." N'irtually the 
Lodge disbanded. 

I>tit duriuii the AVintei', better thoughts and coun- 
sels came. 'rii«' possibilities <>1 the exigency were am- 
icably talked oxer, and thr<»u<ih the instrumentality of 
L. L. Lowell, a n)ember both of the parish ;ind Lodge, 
the h.all was leaseil ; and ALir. 10, IrSls. the biethren 
again met in it, and <jnee more reo?-ganized, choosing 
\Vm. IL Tyler, \V. M. : ALitthew IListings. S. W. ; and 
F»'ank Williams. J. W. StMted and special meetings 
continued to be held and i)rosperity ensued. 

In accordance with an Act of the Legislature, the 
Lodge was legally incojporated, Mar. (», 1 'S,')l , and soon 
after it purchased the hall for only SGOO. and thus o]»- 
tained fidl and peaceable possession of a home. Here 
for sixteen years, after the quiet nninner ol the Frater- 



102 



V. A A. MASONS. 



nity, it cultivated "hrotlicrly love, relief mid truth." 

Ill the Winter of IHO.'i-l, the KiotherH who had al- 
vaiieed to the \i. A. <le<.;reo, heiiiji di^iroiis of onjoyin*; 
the Iwrther heiiedts of the Order, took the proper steps 
to ostahlish a Royal Areh Chapter. A Disp 'usatlon 
was granted to them, April 1 '», IHdl, and a CMiarter, 
May 1, IHi;."*. The first ollieers of St. Croix R. A. 
Chapter, No. 17, wer« B. M. Kliut, II. 1*. ; L ^ Lowell, 
K. ; Jaiin'S Maiininfjf, Serilie : W. II, Tyler, Socretary. 
The Chapter has evei' heen prosperous; and there are 
at present ahout IM Companions. The St. Croix 
Council of R. & S. IM. received its Charter. Nov. 27, 
IMIW;. The first oflicers were R. .M. Flint, T. I. M. ; 
I). K. Seymour, R. I. M. : K. K. Km(Mson, I. M. ; L. 
C. Uailey. Recorder. The present numlier of niern- 
hers is ahout 70. The Lod<;e meets on the first Mon- 
day, the Chapter on the first Tuesday, and the Council 
on tilt second 'i'hursday of each month. 

l)urin<; the War of the Rebellion, many of the 
brothers enlisted in the army of the Republic; ; all fought 
brav(dy, fieveral attained hi<rh rank, and not a few lost 
their lives in defending and maintaining the Union. 

All the affairs of the Order continued to run smooth- 
ly till Aug. 1H7I), when its home was consumed by the 
great fire that devastated the business part of the city. 
Hut the ago of discouragement had long ago ended. A 
small hall was hired, and work went on as usual. The 
next year a large hall was obtained, finished and tltted 
up with ample accommodations and conveniences. It 
was dedicated Feb. 22, ls72,— the late M. W. M. John 
II. Lynde oiliciating. Since then, nothing noteworthy 
has transpired. 

Many members of the Lodge have moved out of the 



m 



F. A v. MA.SON.s. 



lo;{ 



city, m.-giv linvi' l.ccii siimiiioiM'd to tin- (h.mikI \au\>h^ 
alM»v«'; hut ovt'i- twoliiiiKlrnl still rciimin. Of the si^v- 
»'iit('('iiMjist»'rsulu)liav*'«M'cii|)i(M| the Clmir inthcKast, 
only Hovon miv livinir. IJrs. iMattlu'w Ilastin^rs. .I„slnin 
VcMzic, Frank Williams, I). M. ({aidiicr and .1. C. 
Koc'kwood.hcid tlu- hjuju'st <,lli,.(. in tlu" I.ndov, lour 
yt'ars each. Win. Mel Icniy, who fonirht in the army 
of the Iron Duke at Waterloo, HcrviMJ as TyliT lor sev- 
♦'i.tccn years, and never failed to jruard well the door. 
Unfus Carver was sixteen years Treasurer, and L. L. 
Lowell twi'lve years Secretary. Hrs. S(.th 'I'ownsend, 
the lirst initiate, M. Ilastinos, the third, and Seth 
Kmerson our of* the lirst nien;».ers, althouoii consider- 
a])ly over three score and ten, still retain their lirst love 
for the Order, and occasionally participate in its meet- 
injrs. A lonjr and useful career for the Institution, now 
seems inevitable. 






104 



(•ONd. CIirUCH, CALAIS. 



XV. 

rONdliKdA TIONA L ( 'nVIiCn,~CA LAIS. 

Rev. DuiK'aii M'C'oll in his Diniy, stntcs tlint in 
1'S(K;. '"Ihc pt'opic of Calais t ii«j,aii('(l a C'oii^ivtiation- 
alist Minister to prearli to tlicni " The nanw of this 
(•h'i\iiynian is not <>;iv(Mi, .i:><l the h-nuth of tinu' he fc- 
niaiiH'd in the place is not mentioned. l»nt nn(jnesvion- 
a)>ly this was the lirst ('oniirei>"ational mo\('in<'nt in the 
town, and the man then en^a^ccl was the lirst settled 
pastoi" in ('alais. He prohahly preacljed here only a 
f\'w weeks or months at most. 

Rev. Mr. M'Coll Inrther states that in 1«11, -the 
peoph' of Calais emi)loyed Hev. Mr. Abhod," (pro])al»ly 
Abbott) "'A Conureuationalist :j,"entleman, to preach I'or 
them six months," We are not informed what persons 
wore the leaders in this niovement. bnt the event dis- 
closes an (^tirly tendency amonjj; the [x^ople towards Con- 
urciiationalism. In fact a conmmnity so democratic 
as this was. conld to'erate no other form of clmrch <!,"ov- 
ernment. 

After this date, at varions times came Kev. Mr. 
Adams. Ivev. Klijah Kelloii. and probably others, serv- 
in<i,' as missionaries and ni^uinu' the ]»eople to i>roater 
zeal and a moi'e united and defmite effort in tlu> direct- 
ion of moi'alitv and Christianit\'. The u'ood sei'd i>vr- 



r()N(i. < IiriUII, — ("ALAIS. H).'> 

miimtcd. The lu'ttcr flass of citizens bin-aiiu' disnust- 
ed with tiio clmrciiloss lu'iUluMiisiii of tho place, and re- 
solved if j)ossiliie to inaiigiiiate a nunv respeetahle and 
reliiiious state ol'soeietv. 

After lonuj deliberation, iinieli talk and many 
prayers, the auspicious moment eaine. and a decisive 
movement was made in the ri^lit direction. In the old 
(ventral School House, A\\<x. 17. 1^2.'). a day never to 
be forgotten, "the tii'st ('()n<,!:re«:;ational ('hurcli in Cal- 
ais." was duly or<i;anize<l. lu'vs. Klijali Kellog of Port- 
land, .Fonathan Hiu'elow of Lul)ee, and Alexander 
McLaneof St. Andrews. were])resent and conducted the 
service. Kijiht pei>ons imited in the church relation : 
three men and live w<nnen. Their names were Ama- 
ziah Nash, Daniel Mcl)()u«;al, K. M. 1*. Wells, Mary 
M. Jellison, Jane Darlinji;, Lydia Christoi)her, Lucy 
(iates, Mary Ann lioies. The five ladies were married, 
and their less devout or more scruinilous husbands 
were at least not oj)posed to the «;ood work goin<2: '^>n- 
The live families were thus enlisted on the rii^ht -^'de. 

Innnediately, Mr. K. M. 1*. Wells, who does not 
appear to have been an (H'dained clerjiynian, but a <!:o()d 
man,be<2^an to preach to the little church and its friends ; 
and he continued to dispense the (iosiH'l acceptably for 
about two years. There was no sudden trrowth, yet in 
1H2(>, one more member was added to the C'hurch, — 
Mrs. Mary Arnold ;and thusanother family was secured 
for the Society. 

Meanwhile an important advance movement was 
made. A lar<!;e, handsome and connnodious meetin^i- 
house was erected. The lot of land and the avenue 
leadin<i, to it, were <»;iven in e(jual shares by I)ea. Sam- 
uel Kelley and Jones Dyer, Esq. The money and m:;- 



pv 



lot; 



CONG, (urucrr. — r-ALAis. 






tcrial ucrc furnislKMl by tlic citizens irciicially. without 
rcfjjanl to sect or Ik'UcI'. Tlic Hiiil-'liiLfCoiiiiiiittoc wore 
Hon. Anson (i. CliaiKllcr, Dr. S. S. Whipple, and ('apt. 
Jarins Kccno. The House was (U'dicatcd Sept. !), 1H2(). 
the sermon was delivered liy Rev. Mr. ( iah' of'Kasfport. 
All hut seven of the pews were iiMin<'diately sold at 
auction. I )rin<ji:intji; SI 7(!1 . — a very satisfactory amount 
for the time an<l place 'I'he hi<2;hesl prices were paid 
hy Samuel Kelly and Asa l*on<l. Only three of the 
ori<j;inal purchasers are now livin*:;, — Sanniel Kelley, 
Matthew Ilastinus and Scth Kmerson ; and it is a cu- 
rious fact that at presi'ut, the first is a liai)tist ; the sec- 
ond, a Methodist ; and the thii'd. a I'niversalist, 

The Soi-ietv thus happilv inaimurated. had everv- 
thiuij ill its favor. It was the only live religious or!j:an- 
ization in the then thrivinu' town ; it had :i handsome 
house and a lari^e con<jfre<j;ation ; the leadin^j; men in the 
place were its friends and sup[)orters : pious women 
<;ave to it their love ami prayers; its con<>;re^ational 
policy accorded with the feelin<i;s of the people; and its 
permanent ))rosp(>rity was assured. Calais certainly 
had ijood reason to he proud of this new and noble in- 
stitution, and hapt»y in its sacred intJuence. 

The next year, four a<lditionai members were ad- 
mitted into the Church. 'I'hev were Sanmel F. Barker, 
Aima I). Barker. Sarah F. Deminjz:. and Flizabeth 
Carleton. This was enco(n"a<j:in<»;. A Sunthiy-school 
was also oruanized. — the first one in town, and Dea. 
Sanmel Kelly elected Superintendent. I'he scliool thus 
Itejiun. is still tlourishinji;. Durinu" the year, Mr. Wells 
retired from tlu' pulpit ; and for a time. Hev. Mr. Mc- 
Fwen. and Moses Church, conducted the Sundav ser- 



(:ON(;. ciuucii, — ( alais. 



10" 



K'tb 
iiool 
!)(';». 
hiis 
(>lls 
iMc- 

SIT- 



viecs. Tlu'V nrc n'luciiilKMH'd jis j»i<)us jind iMillifnl 
worKuK'ii. 

The next year, 1H2H. aiiotluT ausjticious event 
transpired. lion. (Jeorir*' Downes, 



one of tlie wealthi- 
est and most inlluential men in town, with his exeeilent 
wife, joine<l the( Imreh and became from that lime, de- 
voted workeis for the Society. A mofc fn'm and settled 
policy was now adopted. Hev. Aaron li. Church, a 
twin itrother of Moses Chm'ch, was chosen })ast(tr. Oct. 
2, 1H2H, and retained tlie otiice about live and a half 
tV <rood Droof oftlu' wis<lom of this choice, and 



vcars. 



the edicieney <>!' the pastor, is the fact that dnrinu" his 
ministry, forty-thret' })ersons were added to the Church. 
Near the close of his pastoi'ate. he iiad a public discus- 
sion in the Central School House, with Rev. Wm. A. 
Whitwell, I'nitaiian. It is not certain that any <X(hh\ 
was done. Some time in tills yeai'. l.s;>4, but |)robal>ly 
not until after the resionation of Mr. Church, the 1st 
Con<i:re<iational Pai'ish was oiirjinized. It contained 
sixteen memiters. only three of whom ai'c now livinii". 
viz : Asher Hassford, Louis AVilson and vSanmel ,Iohnson. 

The next pastor was liev. Kber Child, an easy yet 
earnest speaker, w ho won the hearts of all his hearers. 
His pastorate bei»an.lau. 1, l.s;};"), and continued a little 
more than two years, when illness compelled him to rc- 
si<2;n. In the financially uioomy Winter of l8;i(>, when 
so many earthly hopes were crushed, the public min<i 
instinctively turned to the All Fatlier. and a sweepinji' 
revival of religious interest ensued. Forty-seven p<'r- 
sons in that year and tiu' next, wt're added to the 
Church. Thus in the midst of adversity, there was 
great ecclesiastical prosperity. 

Mr. Franklin Yeaton, a student from the liauiic^r 



f ^•^' 




108 C()N(;. ciii'itcn, — calais. 

Thor)lo<j^ical Soiiiinarv. n vorv tjilcMitcd y()un<»: irian. bc- 
gjui siii)|)lyiiif2; tlic pulpit, Sept. 2. is;i7. and rcrnainod 
about cloven months. Tlu' visible icsnlt of his ministry 
was the addition of seven niombeis to th(? Chnreh. The 
parish nnjinimously invited liini to remain and be or- 
dained and installed as pastor : but illness and the se- 
verity of the climate comi)elled him to leave. 

After him, Mr. Batchelder supi)lied the pulpit for 
a 3'ear, beginning ni Sept. ls;5,s. lie was a very worthy 
and i)ions man : but contrasted with tiowery and elo- 
(pient Yeaton, he seemed a dull and cold sermonizer. 
Nevertheless seven more members were added to the 
Church during his short ministry, and the parish was 
stronger than ever before. 

Next came Rev. Dr. S. H. Keeler of Amesburv 
Mills. Mass. He conunenced his pastorate, Nov. 20, 
1839, and noblv tilled the otlice for twentv-ei"ht vear.^. 
He was a rii)e scholar, a respected citizen, an able man- 
ager, an interesting preacher, and a warm, true, pious 
Christian. His amiable wife readilv won the hearts of 
all her ac(juaintances. Throughout his long ministry, 
the parish glidecl along smoothly, pleasantly, prosper- 
ously. There was no trouble, no complaint, no dissat- 
isfaction, worth rec<)rdirk<?. Evidentlv he was the risjrht 
man in the right place. On the tirst Sunday in July, 
18;")0. — a year madegkumiy by tinancial prostration and 
failure, twenty-seven i)ersons were added to the Church ; 
and during Dr. Keeler's pastorate, about two hundred, 
(ireater success it would be ditlicult to find in anv 
parish in any part of the country. 

In 1841), the congregation having become too large 
for the meeting-house, it was remodelled and enlarged ; 
at an expense of about $4000. The liuilding Committee 



coNc. cinucn, — < ai.ais 



100 



•ts of 
istry, 
>sper- 
issat- 
riiiht 
July, 
n Jiiul 
mvh ; 
idred. 
any 

large 
r<?ed ; 
nittoe 



wore L. L. Lowell, Ks(j.. Ilcm. A. (i. (Miaixllcr. and 
JaiTU's ('. Swan, Ks(|. Tliirty feet were added to the 
U'n<i:tli <»rtli(' house, and twenty ad-litional pews put in ; 
iijivinii' tlic ediliee more comely pi'oportions. and a more 
eonmiodious ananiicment. It liad been in n>e al»(»ut 
twenty-three years, and it eonlinuefj to l»e used as a 
phiee of woi'ship ahont twcnty-tlu'ee years moi'e. In 
1H72. it was sold to \\ . \V. l*ike. moveil to ("Imreh St., 
eouverted into an op*'ra house, and festive h:dl : in 
which condition it bids fail- to )>e useful to the pul)li<' 
for many years. 

The Church at first adoptcfl. and pi'obably without 
much discussion, the Calvinistic creed then <i:enei"ally 
iield by most Couijreoationalist churches in New Kn<x- 
land : but in IS.")."), in conseiiuence of some drift in be- 
lief or fecliuiif. it frauKvl and ado[)ted the followinu; 
''Confession of faith." It recpiires, 

1. ''Belief in one (lod, revealed in his Word, as the 
Father. Son, and Holy (ihost : and that these three are 
essentially one, and equal in all divine nttriltutes. 

2. Belief that the Bible is the Word ol' ( Jod. written 
by holy men as thev were movi'd bv the lloh (ihost : 
.and that it is the only rule of faith and [)ractice. 

3. Belief that (iod createcl all thinus for his own 
ijlory ; that known to him ai'c all his works from the 
be<rinnini2: ; and that in i)erfeet consisteney with man's 
free agency and accountability, lie governs all things 
aeeording to the counsel of his own free-will. 

4. Belief that the first parents of our raee were cre- 
ated holy ; that they became sinners by disobeying (Jod : 
and that in consecpience of their fall, all their i)osterit>-' 
are destitute of iioliness, until regenerated by the Holy 
Spirit. 



110 0<)N(;. flirKCII, — CALAIS. 

'). BclicC thai (iod in incicy uavchis Son to die for 
our rncc ; and that in fonstMjUcncc ol' the suMcrinus and 
death of Ciwist. (iod is not onlv just wliiU' ho justifies 
everv hciicvci*, hut freely oilers salvation to all on con- 
dition of faith and n'lK'ntanee. 

('). lielief that all who l)e(*oino Christians "'wore chos- 
en of Christ lu'fore the foinidation of the world, and that 
they are saved, not l»y woiks ol riiihteousness which 
they ha\('done. hut accoi'diiiii; to the mercy of (lod. hy 
the washing'' of re<:;encration and renewiny; of the Holy 
Ghost." 

7. Belief that the Spirit in reijeneralinii: the heail. 
so uniformly ()[)erates in coiuiection with the means (►f 
urace, that none are ordinarily saved, without a i)roj)er 
use of them. 

-S. lielief that all who are in the Lord Jesus Christ, 
will he ke[)t 1>n the i)ower of (iod unto salvation ; and 
that the host evidence of beinir in Christ, is a holy life. 

!>. lielief in the resurrection of the fiend and in a 
day of fmal juduinent, when the wicked will <i:o awa}' 
into ev<'rlasting [)unishinent, and the righteous into life 
eternal. 

10. lielief that Christ has a visihh' Church on earth, 
the terms of admission to which are Scri[)tural eviden- 
ces of faith in him. and a j)ul>l!c profession of that faith. 

11. lielief that Christ estahlished two Sacraments 
to he ohsei ve;l in his Church to the end of time ; viz : 
liapii.-im and the Lord's Sup[)er ; that the Lord's Sui)per 
is to 1)0 administered only to memhers of the visible 
Church in regular standing, and that Baptism is to be 
administered only to believers and their households." 

This creed has for the i)ast twent}' years been gen- 
erally deemed satisfactory ; but the onward march of 






jiy 

ite 

h, 
'11- 

ith. 

Ills 

iz : 

nT 

hie 
be 

teii- 
ol" 



roMi. ( iin{( II.— ( Ai.Ais 1 I 1 

tlioiiillit lijis (liscloscd some drt't'cls in its \\>\\\\ nl'stiilc- 
iiu'iit iiiid pci'li.'ips in its spii'it ; mikI Ihmicc m inost'incnt 
Ih ijoiii^ oil lor its revision. 

In N<>\('inl)t'i'. ls('»<s. I^i>\-. Wm. Cnn ntlicrs IVoni 
Daiivcrs. M;iss.. Mssunicd the p.-istorn! c'lri- ol" llic So- 
ciety. n;i\ in<i' provcfl liiinst'ir .'I u\'nti('in;iii ol" rdincl 
t.'istc. pK'.'is.Miit address and iin(|iiesti(>n;il)Ie pietv. in 
1.S71 lie was I'orni.'dly inst.'dled as pastor: and in nil 
l)i'ol»al»ility lie will i\ tain the olliee many yeais. 

In 1^71, it hein^" manifest that the nieetini^-jioiise 
was old. too small, somewhat out oCrepaii'. and desti- 
tute of a ve,- try. the parish resolved to eiA'ct ;i new. 
mort' elegant and more eonnnodions editiee, ;ind soon 
after, the dem-. ohl. n>li<iions home was soM. When 
the last meeting was h<'ld in it . May •J<!th. \>^7'2. the 
pastor delivere(l an elocpient address, appiopriate to the 
occasion ; and then the con^reixation, with many a ti'ai- 
and many a hallowed i-eminiscence, hid it a final fare- 
well. A new ehnrcli has since heen erected near the 
site of the old one. at a cost of about S'i'J.OlH). It is a 
lar^jje, sui)stantial, and handsonu' structure, containinii' 
114 pews, and havinii" all the modern improvements and 
conveniences of a first class church. There is no better 
house in the county. It was solemnly dedicatecl in An- 
li'ust, l.S7;>. The sermon was by the pastor: I)rs. Keelei- 
and Carruthers assisttvl in the service; a lar^e audience 
was i)rt'sent : and the scene was deeply imi)!('ssive. 

Since its oiiianization, UH persons have heen 
members of the church ; and althouixh ••many have fal- 
len asleep" and many have moved awav, it is still the 
larixest ecclesiastical or<i;anizatiou in town. The parish 
feels that the era of enlai'j^ed i)r<>sperity has now be- 
liun. and that m^thiuii; can hinder it from long remainin*i; 



112 



CONO. ( HlJUCn, — MILLTOWN, N. B. 



ji iiiiuiity j)owor lor truth and virtue. The (loacous of 
the diurch hnvc hocii, Samuel F. Barker, (Je(>r<2,(' 
Downes. .lames liohhiiis, and Josepli M. Dyer; the 
hist of whom is the only one now livin<2;. 



CONG. (■IIUIKJH, MILLTOWN, N. B. 

In 184r», a number of persons resi<lin<i; in jNIilltown. 
some of whom were ('onixi'eij:ationalists and others 
Methodists, "united for the piu'[)(js(' of snstainin*? a 
Con_<^re<j:ationalist meetin*; in that phiee." Prominent 
amonuj them were Wm. Todd, J. K. and II. F. Faton, 
S. II. Iliteliin^rs, (;. M. Porter, W. F. McAllister, Fd- 
ward Fostei'. Joshua Alien. .1. (1. Kimball, Thomas 
Bowser, Sanmel Darlinu'. and their lamilies. The 
movement luiied on by such men, was of course suceess- 
fid. Ilitchiufi's' Hall was leased and fitted up as a phice 
of worship, and Rev. .1. S. (Jay, a younji; man from An- 
dover, was enj^aged to sui)|)ly the pulpit. His services 
were generally aceeptabh', but he remained only a few 
months. 

In June, l.'-f4(!. Rev. Franklin Vtaton, who for a 
time had preached in Calais, was eiiLiaged to conduet 
the Sabbath service. Oct. "iiJth, 1X4(5, a Church was 
ori'anized, contaiuiuij twentv-nine members, most of 
whom were the persons referred to above. Since then 
some two hundred have been adtled to the number, and 
there are at present, one hundred and twenty members 
living. Oct. 27, 1.S47, Rev. Mr. Yeaton was ordained 
and installed as pastor of the Society. In 1S41), the 
meeting-house was erected. This substantial edifice 
costing about $8000, was paid for at once, and dedica- 
ted in October. It was used and enjoyed by the So- 



<'(>N(;. ( iiiKcii, 



-Mii,i/r<>\vN. N. n. 



11 



i\ 

ilnc't 
was 
of 
thou 
a nd 
I hers 
Linetl 
tiie 
itice 
lica- 
So- 



cietv until .Ian. 1x7.'). when it accidiMitallv canjzht liro. 
and till' itisido was ossontially spoiltMl. Loss, S-i'iilO. 
It will ho roi)airo(l. In tho Autiiinii of IXVJ, Mr. Yea- 
ton's hoaitli having failod, he rosiiint'd and wont to (jlou- 
cestor, Mo., whore he started a school for hoys. IIo 
has sinoo gone to rest. 

For several years after his retirement, the uhlo and 
excellent Rev. Henry CJ. Storer from Scarl)oro' where 
he now resides, snpplied the pulpit. Oct. T). l.s.')l. Rev. 
II. (^. Huttorlleld, a sni)stantial and scholarly uian, was 
chosen pastor. He j^ave oi>ncral satisfaction, and re- 
tained the ofMce until Ault- !•'. lHa7. The next pastor. 
Uev. C. G. M'Cully connnencod his lahors. .Inly 17, 
1860. Ho is now a hi<j;hly cstoonied clorjxyinan of Ilal- 
lowoll, iNIo. The last and perhaps nios.' <learly beloved 
pastor, Rev. Kd^ar L. Foster from Maci'iias, Ale., was 
onhiined and installed Oct. 4. 1807. and afto. a pro- 
tracted illness, died Nov. IH, ls72. Since then the 
pulpit has heen supplied by Kevs. J. G. Leavitt and .1. 
.1. Blair; both talented and proniisinf^ youn<i" men. 

Several things peitaining to this church, are i)ar- 
ticularly worthy of notice. It has never had any dis- 
sension. All the inoinbers have ever had and manifest- 
ed the kindest feelings for each other; and the lesults 
have been peace, virtue, piety and prosperity. The ex- 
penses of the parish have always been defrayed by an 
ad valorem tax assessed on the i)roperty of its meml)ors. 
These tax bills range from Sr>, to $4i')0. Thus both the 
rich and the poor bear their fair proportion of the bur- 
den ; and the Treasury of the Society is never emi)ty. 
The creed of this Church, whether true or false, is a per- 
fect model of perspicuity, honesty and candor. It is 
the following 



lit CON(i. ClirUCII, MII.I-TOWN, N. H. 

Articles ok Faith. 

t. "Wo helicve there Is oiiedod, self-existent, eter- 
nal, perfectly holy, the Creator and rightful Disposer of 
all things, Huhsisting, in a manner niysterious to us, as 
Father, Son and II0I3' Spirit. 

2. We believe tiiat the Hihie is the revealed will of 
(lod to mankind, and was <r\\iii\ by inspiration, as the 
only unerrin<ij rule of faith and praetiee. 

li. We believe that mankind are fallen from their 
original rectitude, and are, while in a state of nature, 
wholly destitute of that holiness which is recjuired by 
the divine law. 

4. We believe t}»at Jesus Christ, the Eternal Word, 
was made flesh, or in a mysterious manner became man ; 
and by his obedience, sufferinjis and death, made full 
satisfaction for the sins of the world, and opened a way 
by which all who believe in Him, with repentance for 
their sins, may be saved without an impeachment of the 
divinejustice and truth. 

5. We J)elicve that they, and they only, will be sav- 
ed in consecpience of the merits of Christ, who are born 
of the Spirit, and united by a living faith to the Son of 
(iod. 

(). We believe that God has appointed a day in 
which he will judge the world ; when there will bo a 
resurrection of the dead ; and when all the righteous 
will enter on eternal happiness, and all the wicked will 
be condemned to eternal misery." 

The ofliccrs of the Church are Geo. M. P'>rter, 
Deacon ; S. H. Ilitchings, Clerk and Treasurer. 



i'llYSK lANS. 



IIT) 






XVI. 

Thoujrli tlie c'linuiU' has Home very repulsive cliar- 
Moteristies, the St. Croix valley is a "^heulthy loeality. 
The winters are loiijr and extremely severe \ the sum- 
mers short and eool ; and very little spaee is left tor 
spring or autumn ; hut duriiiir a hirjre part of the year, 
the air in Calais and St. Stephen, is dry, pure an<i hra- 
eing, and therefore hostile to pulmonary diseases. The 
rock formation is granitie, and hence the water of sprin<r.s 
andwells is clear,sweet and wjjolesome. Kxcellent roosts 
and cereals are easily raised, and the beef, n.utton and 
pork fattened on them, are in a high degree palatable, 
nutritious and sanitary. Generally escaping that fell 
destroyer, Consumption, most of the people are robust, 
and tnany live to a green old age. Several persons now 
living are over ninety years old, and not a few of our 
most active men and women are past seventy. Ah re- 
sults of this general healthiness, the Schoodic i)eople in 
both size and beauty are.above the New England aver- 
age. 

Still, even in the best climate, sooner or later, dis- 
ease and death tlnd their way into every household. On 
such occasions, when home skill and ordinnrv root and 
herb medicines fail to bring relief, although 'in theory 
we may have little faith in doctors and drugs, it is nat- 



ih; 



IMIVSICIANS. 



iirjil iijid !i ^rcjitcoinfort to call !i pliysiciaii and plu''e 
the i('s|K)Hsil)ilit y in his hands, ||i> in;iy do no j^ood ; 
lie rn.'iy do hai'ni ; hut he takes tlic ;,n('at hiinh'n of 
care, ami 'hns helps us hear oni alllictions. On this 
a<*count every town needs a uood pji\sieian : and lar^e 
towns several. Demand hrinijs supply, ami Calais and 
St. Stephen have had a Itdl (piot.i of learned and skil- 
I'nl 'Mnedieine men." But ol" the earlier ones, little ex- 
cept their mimes, is now known. 

A jiood physician, thouuh one of the most useful 
nud important memltera of society, makes very little 
noise or puhlic parade. lie is not a candidate (or any 
county or state olli(;e, and his uMine <j;ets no proujinence 
in the local news|>apers. lie is neither the idol nor 
the tool of any piU'ty. llis work is (luiet and his re- 
ward private. lie may save many lives; he may keep 
the pestilence at hay ; he may sacrifice his own happi- 
ness and health lor the sick and snirerin<ji; i)oor ; and 
stdl his name m.'iy scarcely he heard of outside the 
narrow circle of his personal friends. These things 
being so, I have heen able tt) ol)tMin i)ut little infor- 
mation on the suhjeet of this chapter ; hut the following 
list comprises the names of all the regular, M. I). 
l)hysicians now remembered : 

St. Stki'IIKN ; — Paddock, Louis Weston, Wm. 
Coulter, Dugald lilair, Robert Thompson, Arthur Tol- 
man, W. C. George, W. II. Mitchell, W. II. Todd, W. 
T. Black, R. K. Ross, II. B. Knowles. R. Gross, 1). 
B. Myshrall. 

Calais; — S. S Whipple, Cyrus Hamlin, Daniel 
(.^uimby. Job II(jlmes, C. C. Porter, C. E. Swan, Walk- 
er, Geo. T. Porter, E. H. Vose, I). E. Seymour, W. M. 
Caldwell. 



or 



mg 
1). 



Til. 

n.i- 
w. 
1). 

iiiel 

alk- 

M. 



IMIVSK lANS. 1 17 

III jnMitioij to these tMliic.'itccj utul tiilente'l j^etitle- 
mei). oMieiH oflesH repiitiitiou have I'roin time to ti/ne 
practised the healing art ; hut even less is known of 
them th;m of the others. Without (loni>t, Drs. Kmer- 
soii, IMcDoiKihl. Nohleand others, hotanic, hydropathic, 
eclectic, lumueopathic, 'riiomsoiiiaii, or spiiitiialistic, 
have wroiight cures, gaiiietl l'rien<ls and attained a hriel" 
popularity. A di|)lonia is not needed liy every man ; 
yet the sick are safest under the care of the educated 
and e.\perienc(.'d. Ht-iiig couipclled l>y lack of infor- 
mation, to omit biographical notices of the doctors, 1 
submit only such few facts und incidents as seem worthy 
of notice. 

Before any regular doctor had located on either 
side of the river, and for some time after, Mrs. Ananiah 
Hohanuon of Calais, performed the duties of a ladies' 
physician, in all the fMUiilies of the vicinity. She is 
said to have been vciy skilful and energetic; and i»er 
services were ever highly prized. 

One of the earliest physicians on the liver. Dr. 
N'ance, came to a sad end. lie went to the West In- 
dies and enlisted as a siu'geon, on what he supposed an 
Eng'!s^ ; »'med ship ; but which in reality was a pirati- 
cal ciaft. Not long after, she was captured by a gov- 
ernment vessel, and her olllcers and crew were tried, 
condemned and executed as pirates. Dr. Vance, though 
innocent, was hanged for the crime of having been found 
in bad company. 

Louis WY'ston, M. D. one of the llrsl, best, and 
most esteemed doctors of St. Stei)hen, also came to an 
untimel}' end. All his chihlren, twelve in number, hav- 
ing died of consumption, he became entirely disheart- 
ened ; and while the last one lay a corpse in his house, 



i^4 



I'i 



118 



PHYSICIANS. 




he went out in the evening, and by accident or other- 
wise fell into a cistern of rain water near his door^ and 
drowned. Dr. Gill was also drowned while attempting 
to cross the- river at Milltown, to visit a patient, about 
the year 1«24. 

Early in 1835, a strange sickness, batHing all med- 
ical skill, broke out in Calais and St. Stephen. The 
symptoms were pain, weakness and constipation, loss 
of appetite and sleep, partial paralysis, nausea, &c. 
During Februar}', March and April, hundreds were 
sick in the same way ; the best treatment did little good ; 
and some twenty or thirty persons died. No age or 
class was exempt from the malady. At length poison 
was suspected in an invoice of sugar imported by James 
Frink, from Barbadoes. It was a nice looking article, 
and being sold at retaU, it was used in many families, 
and freely taken by the sick, in their food and medicine ; 
but on being subjected to analysis by a Boston chemist, 
it was found to contain a fatal per cent# of lead ! The 
secret was divulged. The people ceased using the su- 
gar, and the str.mge sickness slowly disappeared ;t hough 
some have sutiercd from its effects to the present day. 

Subsecjuently, Dr. Cyrus Hamlin while visiting 
Barbadoes to regain his health, traced the sugar to the 
plantation where it was manufactured. On investiga- 
tion he Ibund that some of the syrui) from which the 
sugar was made, hnd reniM.ined in lead-coated cauldrons 
until it fei inenu'ii, in which state it decomposed and 
absorbed the poison lead. No blame was attached to 
the ignorant i)l;ijiler ; but no more of his sugar ever 
came to St. Sti'|)I)en ; and some people never after 
reallv relished i-uy kind of West India sweetening. 

From that time to the present, advised and treated 



PHYSICIANS. 



119 



by such skilful physicians as Whipple, Thompson, 
Holmes, Porter, Swan, Todd, Black, George, and oth- 
ers younger but not less trustworthy, the people have 
escaped all fatal epidemics; and though exposed to 
''the thousand ills that flesh is heir to," have been 
blessed with an average share of health and longevity. 






120 



UNITARIAN (Jill urn. 




XVll. 

UNITARIAN rilURCII. 

Altliou<jjh tlie Congregational church erected in 
l^!2(», was intended to acconiinodatc all who might de- 
sire to attend [)ul)lie worship, yet theie were many in- 
telligent and intluential citizens in town, who did not 
lielieve in Calvinism nor enjoy hearing it preached. 
They deemed its peculiar tenets false and pernicious, 
and thereiVjre they could not conscienciously hel[) sup- 
port the Congregationalist meetings. Still they wished 
to attend church, and to worship according to the dic- 
tates of their own consciences. 

Accordingly, after muny consultations and mature 
deliberations, they met in 1831, formed a Unitarian So- 
ciety, and resolved to procure and maintain a clergy- 
man of their own faith. Work in earnest iit once be- 
gan. 

The first Unitarian sermon heard in Calais was de- 
livered by Rev. Charles liobiiison of Kastport, who was 
brought to town for that purpose by Hon. (Jeo. Downes. 
After Inm. came Hev. II. A. Mills, afterwards for a long 
time the pastor of a Church in Lowell, Mass., and still 
living though retired from the ministry. Others were 
occasionally engaged, a few weeks at a time. Themeet- 



e!iaii 



UNITAKIAN rlllUcII. 



121 



le- 



lies, 
llong 

still 
hvere 
Ineet- 



iiigs were at first lnM in tiiat cradk' ol" clmiclics, the 
Central School House ; hnt siibse(]uently in the Town 
House, now the Catholic Cha[)('l, which at considerable 
expense was tittcd up for this i)uri)ose. 

These pleasant, r('lii:;ious services so rapidly devel- 
oped and consolidated the strength of the Society, and 
increased the courage of its nieiiil )ers, that in the Winter 
of 1832-.'J, they resolved to erect for themselves a church 
suited to their needs, taste and means. To render their 
proceedings legal and binding, a |)etition for an ''act of 
incorporation." was sent to the JjCgislature of Maine: 
and the rfMjuest was granted Mar. 2, l«3r). The peti- 
tioners were : 

lion. .Joseph (iraiig^r, 
Otis L. liridges, Ks(j., 
Knoch I. Noyes, 
M. li. I'ownscnd, Es(]., 
Luthur C. White, 
S. S. Whipple, M. 1). 
Cvrus Hamlin, M. I). 

Four of them, — Grange)', IJridges, Townsend and 
C^ooper, were lawyers ; and two, — Whipple and Hamlin, 
were physicians. The others were enterprising men t>f 
business. The Act of lncor[)oriition gave them and 
their associates, power to organize "The First Inita- 
rian Society of the Town of Calais, for the purpose of 
ditlusing morals and religion, and to hold property to 
the value of $12000." 

At the first meeting of the Society, April 27, IH.'J.'J, 
.Joshua Veazie was chosen chairnum, and Hon. .Joseph 
Granger, Secretary; and a committee appointed todraft 
a code of By-laws. At the next meeting. May 4, iHiW. 
the code of By-laws was presented and adopte«l, and the 
following ofllcers elected : — 



(Jeo. I. (iaivin, 
.Joshua V^easey. 
Bi'uj. King, 
V. H. <; lover, 
.las. S. Coo|)ci', Fs(i. 
Geo. F. Wadsworth. 



122 



UNFTAKIAN flirUCII. 



11 



Col. Joseph WIntnov, President. 

Geo. I. Oahiii, i 

Dr. S. S. Whipple, > Directors. 

Isaac Poole, ) 

Joshua Veasey, Clerk. 

Joseph (Tran<5er, Collector aiul Treasurer. 

The erection of a church was the first business in 
order- for the new Society, ami the work immediately 
hej^an. $5000 were raised in stock at S50 per share ; a 
site was purchased at the cost of Sr>00 ; and soon was 
heard the sound of the carpenter's saw, plane and ham- 
mer. And so viiijorously was the work pushed forwanl, 
that at a ineetin<^ of the Society, Sept. 1 1 , is.'j;}. Messrs. 
Joseph (iranger, I*. II. (xlover, and Theo, Jellison were 
appointed a committee ''to arran<re for the approachin<^ 
Deilication, and to secure a |)ast()r." The pastor se- 
lecteil and "secured." was Rev. VVm. A. Whitwell of 
Boston, who filled the otHce from Nov. 1, 1833 to July 
2, 1M3*J, with a salary of $000 the first year, and after 
that $800 per annum. A l)etter man for tlie place could 
not have lieen found. He was a gra<luate of Harvard 
University, a ripe scholar, a fine writer, a j^ood speak- 
er, and above all, a Christian gentleman. A portion 
of his time he emi)ioyed in tea(^hing : and he invariably 
gave entire satisfaction to his patrons. In religion, 
literature, and moral reform, he constantly led his peo- 
ple up and on. He delivered fine sermons. He trans- 
lated and published Paul's Ki)istle to the Romans. In 
183G, he was chosen President of the Franklin Temper- 
ance Association, which at that time had 022 members. 
During all his pastorate, his society was united and 

prosperous. He has long since "departed to be with 
Christ." 



UNITAKIAN « 111 Kill. 1 li.'J 

The church wus :it last linishc<l. It wms (U'dicn- 
tcd and Mr. Wliitwcll tbriiiallv instjiUcd. May 1."), ls;it. 
The services >verc — I'laver hv Hev. K. H. KiU's, of 
Eastport. — Sermon liy K. S. (iaiiiictt, I). I)., of lioston, 
— Dedication Ity Rev. Dr. liarretts of lioston. — Ilene- 
diction by the pastor. In the afternoon, tlu' [X'ws were 
sold, and Miss Ivloore en^aued as organist. The con- 
dition and })ros})ects of the Society were now excellent. 
It had an attraetive'chnreh, a lar|j:e, wealthy and intel- 
ligent coni>re<iation, and a pastor in every res})ect ad- 
mirably fitted for his position. The choir under the 
skill'ul direction of 1*. II. (Jlover, discoursed sweet 
music ; and all the [>eople were *rlad and jiiatelul. A 
Sunday-school was soon after or<ianize<l. and the entire 
machinery of a well reuiilat<'(l parish, wasset in motion. 

There is no record of any formal organization or 
recognition of a Church, hut therewas aComnninion ser- 
vice, July 13, 1>{34. There were then just t»\o coin- 
nuinicants ; Geo. F., and Mary Wadsworth. Soon after. 
Fanny Whipple and Martha Ann (i. Jones joined Mr. 
and Mrs. Wadsworth in inaugurating a Church, in 
April, \H'M\, Henry I*. Pratt, Mary W. Lami>e and 
Sophia Whitney, were added to the Church ; and in the 
following August, AhhaC. Filshury. Meanwhile. Mr. 
Whitwell dresv up the following '■•Church Covenant," 
which was ado})ted and ever after rettiined as the creed 
and faith of the church : 

CHIK( H COVENANT. 



lervS. 
land 

Ivith 



''We, whose names are undeiwritten. present our- 
selves for admission into the church of Jesus Christ, in 
te\stiniony of our faith in him, our accej)tance of his w- 
ligion and suhjection to his laws. 



I21 



liNITAKIAN « III l{< II. 





We H'ixard this trMnsnclion ;is nn expression of our 
esiriiest desirt' to oiiiMin the s;ilv}itioi» jtroposecl in the 
(Jospel ; ;ni(l our serious pinpose to endeiivor to comply 
with tile terms on wliicli it is ollered. 

We desiic to commemctrate tlie Autlior and Kinisii- 
vv of our laitli. in tlie manner estaldi^lied in his elmreli. 

In a humltle and <:;rateful n-liance on (Jod lor the 
pardon ol'sin an<l assistance in (hilw we solemnly take 
upon ourselves the vows of the Christian i>rol'ession. 

We will, as we have opportimity. acknowle(l«j!;e our 
relation to this Christian community, hy attendance on 
the services of ri'li<i;ion, by ollices of Christian alfcction, 
and l)y submission to the laws of Christian order: — 
heseechinj:; the (iodand Father of our Lord .lesus Christ, 
that bein^ faithful to each other and to our conunon 
Master, we may enjoy the consolations of <Mir holy re- 
ligion here, and be acce})ted to its rewards lu'reaftei'. 
throu<ih the riches of divine uicicy in Jesus Christ." 

It is worthy of notice tliat while this carefully word- 
ed covi'iiant i*inores all the vexed (piestions of theolojiy, 
it acknowle(|ores the «ireat practical facts oi" Christian- 
ity, and is frasrrant with the sweet perfume of tlie (los- 
pel. The meaniiiii" which Mr. Whitwell intended, may 
be jijathered from the followini; record written by his 
own hand. 

*'Ai)ril 24, IHIM), — Mrs. Maria Sibley bein«j^ very 
sick and not expectinu; to recover, desired to receive the 
ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Suj»per. Ilavino" 
conversed with her and found that she understoo*! their 
object, and was resolved to I've a Christian life if she 
recovered, I, in the presence of a member of the ehureh, 
(Mrs. Wadsworth,) baptizecl her and administered to 
her the Lord's Supi)er, this day. (iod grant that 



rNlTAHIAN < Iiri{( II. 



1 2') 



ord- 

[ian- 

ios- 

inay 

his 

\erv 
(- the 
ivino- 
tlu'ir 

she 
irt'h, 
(1 to 

tlitit 



whether she lives or dies, slie may lie a wortliy follower 
of'.Iesiis." She <lie(l ahoiit six weeks after. 

The (hiireh slowlv y:rew till sixtv-two names were 
on its list. I'iither it has not \)vvu tiie policy of the 
parish to Imihl up its Chureh. or its t'Iforts in that di- 
reetion have not l»een very sneeessfwl. 

After the resionation of Mr. Whitwell, Hev. Kd- 
ward Stone snpplied the j)ulpit from Oct. .'). l<s;j'> to 
Mar. !.'{. l.sH);and Hev. Wm. ('ushint»-. a Itrother of 
Jud^re L. S. C'nshinu; of Mass., from Mai". 20, to Sept. 
(), l-S-H). Mr. ("ushiny; was a vonnij man of cultnre and 
ability, hut not liki»»ii" the arduous and often perplexing- 
duties of a clerirvnian, he ahandoned the profession soon 
after leavini*: Calais, and enoajrcd in teachiufji;. After 
he left. Rev. Jaeol) Caldwell preached for the Society 
from Oct. 27, IS-JO, to May 1, 1841. 

The next pastor was Rev. Xathaniel Whitman, a 
native of liridi2;ewater, Mass., tmd an older hrotlu-r of 
those great and jjjood men. Revs. .lason and Hernard 
Whitman. He was a devout Christian, a i>leasant 
speaker and a popular man in the town. Prosperity 
characterized hisentiri' [)astorate. lie faithfully served 
God and the parish from Nov. 1(), IMII, to May 12, 
1844. lie has since <;one to the "long home." 

Next came Rev. Kdward Stone, a native of Fram- 
ingham, Mass., where in a good old age and full of 
peace, he still resides. He was a gra<uiate of IJrown 
[Iniversity and Harvard Divinity School, and therefore 
"thoroughly furnished" for a pastor's position. His in- 
fluence in connnunitv was always for the right. In the 
puli)it he was i)ersuasive and convincing ; in the Sun- 
day-school, skilful and ellicient. He got up and ar- 
ranged the first Christmas Tree ever seen in Calais ; and 




V2C, 



UNITAlflAN cm lU'M. 



his lar<j;(', oiillni' ni.Mj)M of PnUsliiu', drawn ))V liis own 
liJind, jjrcjillv Ijicililatcd the study of the Scriptures hy 
tlic liihlc class. I'ndcr his ministry, the Churcli "xrew 
"in <»race and in tlie knowh'<I<i(' of tiie Lord." Hut 
there was "a lion in the way." Mr. Stone clearly saw 
tlu^ great sin of slavery, and deejdy sympathized with 
its helpless victims ; an<l in his every puhlic prayer, I)e- 
soiiixht the help of (Jod in their hehalf. This displeas- 
ed the politicians, and resulted in his losin<i" some in- 
(luential friends ; and havini^; occupied the pulpit from 
July C, lH-ll,toMay l.S, iSliJ, he ri'si«;!ied and left 
town. 

The chxjuent Rev. IIenr\ (iiles then preache(l for 
the Society for six months, to the great edification of a 
large congregation, though he too was an Abolitionist. 
Other clergvinen came and went until the Autunni of 
I'SoO, when Ri'V. Thomas S. Lathrop was settled as 
pastor. Mr. Lathrop was horn in Jiridgewater, INlass., 
jind educated in Mea<lville Theological Seminary. He 
came to Calais from \orthuml»erlan<l, Ta. lie was a 
popular preacher, a pleasant, active citizen, and for 
several years an eJlicient memlier of the School Conmiit- 
tee. During his ministry, the church was generally well 
filled and the Society i»rospcrous. lie remained hero 
from Sept. 1, iHoO, to Oct. IHoO. He then moved to 
Walpole, X. H., and from thence to Connecticut, where 
ho married the widow of a Universalist clergyman, 
(Rev. Henry Bacon,) and soon after formally alliliated 
with that Denomination, with which he is still laboring 
as an acceptable minister. 

Rev. Hiram C. Duganne, at present, minister at 
large in Lowell, Mass. supplied the pulpil from Nov. 1, 
1^<5G, to May 1, l<sr>7. But the next pastor was Rev. 



Inng 



at 



rMTAiMAN ( mucii. 127 

.lacoh Caldwell, :i niilivt' of Liiiicnlmi-ir, Mass., aii<l a 
l^raduato of Ilarvar.l. lie was a man of rcrvciit piety 
and s})otl('ss |tnrity. Jicinu a deep, clear thiiiiaT and a 
ready writer, it is said lie nevei- d«'livere(l a sermon that 
was not lit lor the picss and worthy ol' puhlieation. 
I'ossessinu: eonsideraltle pioperty. he labored lor a nom- 
inal salary, and was satisjied with his wau'es. He ijn'at- 
ly disliked deadheadism : always prelerriii«; to p:iy for 
what he reeeived, and to he treated as a man an<l not 
as a poor preacher. Of eourse he was hiuhly esteemed 
hy all who knew him. Althonjjfh absent a part of the 
time, he was the nominal past<jr from June I, ls,"»7, to 
Nov. 1. l'S(»7. After leaving Calais he deeliiKMl to take 
charge of any parisli :; and he has preached but little 
since. He now resides in Elmira, N. Y. Dnring 1 ><.')•.) 
and 00, Rev. H. A. l^hilbrook, then of Milltown, St. 
Stephen, preached one sermon on Sunday, for the So- 
ciety, for a year or more, w ith great acceptance. 

Hev. Wm. G. Nowell, a native of Portsmonth, X. 
H. and a graduate of Howdoin College and Harvard 
Divinity School, began a })astorate »Jan. 1, 1<S()8, and 
continued about two years. He manifested the quali- 
ties of a profound scholar, line writer, easy speaker and 
excellent manager of the Sunday-school. Since l.S7(), 
he has devoted his talents almost exclusivelv to teach- 

ft. 

ing. 

A change now came. For many years the Societ}' 
had been growing weaker and weaker bv the death or 
removal of many of its prominent members. The church 
also was getting old and sadly in nei'd of extensive le- 
pairs. Under these circumstances, in l'S70, one half 
the building and lot was sold to the Cniversalist Society-. 
The two Societies then conjointly remodelled and i-e- 



r^ : 



128 



I'MTAItlAN (in I{( H. 



paired tlic house, at a cost of nearly ^lO.OlK), and made 
it a verv pleasant and liandsonie Clnncli. It was re- 
dedieated Dee. 2.S. 1^70. Scinion l.y H<v. II. A IMiil- 
hrook. IVayer l)y He v. Mi'. Cial'ts of Kastpoit. It 
now received the name <>r"rni()n ('hnre!i." 

In .Inne. 1-S7I. Rev. I.C. Knowltov from .New Hed- 
fonl, Mass., hecame pastor of hotli Societies. Since 
then, tlie memhers oC the imited societies, tiiou^h still 
retaininj:, their respective names, have worked and wor- 
shipped together in peace and alleetion : and the jiarish 
is now enjoyin;i; a fair share of prosperity. It is triie 
the U ni t aria n or<^anizat ion thon^h intact. Iiasliecome dor- 
mant ; hntthe [>rinciples which it was formed to pronnd- 
<ijate and defend, have never held a more u;eneral or 
firm belief in town, than at the present tinn*. Thns 
abundant success has cowne(l the etlbrts of those who 
started and so lon^ and faithfully supj)orted the I'nita- 
rian movement in Calais. 






NKW.SI'APKUM. 



]'2U 



XVIII. 

NKWHl'APKHFi. 

Knowledjro is power, and n villaj-v iKnvHpnjHT is 
knowlcdov inincHMl and diluted for popular use. Dur- 
ing the first (garter of tl)e present eentury, either be- 
cause there was not a burning thirst lor knowU-dge, or 
because there were not so many important, part\^ pur- 
poses to serve, newspai)ers were not so numerous as 
they are in this enlightened and patriotic age. True, 
in 1822 and jx'rhaps h>ng ]»efore, the enterprising peo- 
ple of St. Andrews enjoyed the blessing of a weekly 
l)ai)er printed by themselves ; but Calais and St. Ste- 
phen did not indulge in this luxury until ten years later. 
Since then, however, the early dearth has bei'., compen- 
sated by a sui)erabundant supply. Sixteen or more hebdo- 
matical sheets have arisen in thisvicinityand likeliterary 
suns radiated their mental light among the i)eople. Four 
of them still shine with brilliant lustre; the others have 
gone down, to rise no more forever. Lack <^f patronage 
was prol)a})ly the cause of their early and melanchoh 
(iccline; and the ungrateful public has })een so inditfer- 
ent about their fate, that not a single copy of them has 
been preserved to give us an idea of their'sizes or mer- 
its. All that I have been able to learn respecting them, 
is contained in the following chronological sketch list : 



' I r r f 



l.'JO 



NKWSPAl'KUS. 




■'u 




The first Olio thai Mp|>«'ar<'(l wuh the TfMKs & St. 
Choix Advocatk ; .lolm Stuhhs. editor iiiul |)riut('r; 
St. Stcplicii, 1H;J2. In politirs it was radical and ri'- 
fonnatorv. It lan<riiislK'<l al)oiit a year, and then (|niet- 
\y (li('(l. 

The St. Ohoix ('oiRFKUia DciiMM-ratic slicct ; Ilani- 
Ict HatcH, editor and |iui>lisli('r ; Calais, \h:VA. It ran 
well Cora time, hnt nnlbrtunatcly, in Dec. IM.'M, while 
(Jeji. .lackson's ainnial tnessa»i"e was in type, the entire 
estahlishincnt was hnrne(l. and no I'luenix I'ver arose 
Croin its sacred ashes. 

The HijLNDAKY (Ja/.ktti:. a Whia; or<ian ; Henry 1*. 
I'ratt. inana<2:er ; Calais, !>(:{;>. Il was owned, as a Uind 
of stock conc<'rn, by Noah Smith. Wn\. DennniCi •!. S. 
Pike and others. It reached and passed the lionndarv 
ol'its existence, in a])out three years. 

The l*i-ow AND Anvil, an A<!;ricnltnral and Flandi- 
craft paper ; John K. Laskey, manager; St, Stephen, 
lH;ir>. After i)lowin<»; and hannnerin*; a lew months, 
Laskey l)e(%nme weary, and retired. John C/'ampbell 
tlu^u took char<z;e, removed the imi)lements of in(histry, 
and christenetl ti.i' sheet, the St. Stkimikn Cofhant. 
In 1837, the types jind press were carrie<l to St. An- 
drews, and tlie two-year-old pajx'r disappeared. ''No 
hlanie was attached to Jiny one." A newspaper mania 
had broken out. The American people were intensely 
excited by political questions, and each party and clique 
ventilated its principles and feelings in an "organ." 
But the newly started papers in Calais were so destitute 
of sterling merit, and the}' so clashed against and crowd- 
ed each other, that though brilliant as rockets, mai^y of 
them were obliged to submit to something like a iock- 
et's fate. 



NKWHl'AI'KKS. 



181 



Thi»(iAZKTTK AM) A i>v ki:ti>ki{, u Will*; piipcr ; 
Snow an«l •lac'kson, |)ul)Iisli('rM ; Cnlnis, IJS.'WI. This slirct 
roiitjiiiuMl the wilhcriMl rcmnins of tlir liouiKhirv (la- 
/A'ttc and the incipu-iit ^I'lin of tlu> Calais Advi'itiser ; 
l»nt neither e(»ul<l save it !'• Mn dissohition. Snow soon 
melted awav tVoin the eonrern ; and Jackson after rnn- 
ning it ah)iu' for some two ,<**irs, let it be shut down. 

'J'he Kastkun Df.moi itAT. a Democratic paper ; »Iohn 
Bent, pnhlisher ; Calais. IM.'U). For a tim»', (). L. 
Hridi»;es, Ks(i..di<l tlu' editin*;. It was a Tilshnry pa- 
per; and after Mr. rilsl)nrv failed of an elect nto C-on- 
gross, there being no further need of the papei . it went 
U) sleep. 

The Tocsin, a Democratic, campaign paper; Hon. 
Hion liradl)urv and lion. A. G. Chandler, editors; Cal- 
ais, IH.'3G. This year then' was a fearfid split in the 
Democratic party. Both Mr. I'ilsbmy and Mr. Chand- 
ler desired to represent their Dist»ict in Congress; and 
for several months the Tocsin sounded incessant peals 
of alarm. But the election of a Whig, in November, 
(juieted the anxiety, and the ominous bel) never rang 
again. 

The Down Kastkk, an echo from the Tocsin ; Benj. 
Williams, editor, \V. K. Snow, Publisher; Milltown, 
Calais, 18.'57. It was prolonged, though continually 
growing fainter, over a year. It was issued ••under the 
direction of Jeremiah Curtis, Seth Emerson and Joseph 
N. Prescott, for the proprietors." It was Demociatic. 

The Fkontiku JouHNAi., Democratic; J. C. Wash- 
burn and son ; Calais, IHSH. A year or two after its 
birth, it passed into the hands of (ien. Kendol Whid- 
den, and Lucius Bradbury became editor. In 1M41, 
W. K. Snow took ciiarge of it. He kept its head above 



TT-n 



It 



132 



NEWSPAPERS. 



water about two years, wb-^n he and the paper died to- 
gether. And since that mournful day. no Democratic 
paper has been published in Calais. 

The CiiiiiSTiAN Watchman, a Baptist paper; J. C. 
Washburn and Son ; Calais, 1838. The Baptists in the 
vicinity not desiring a watchman over their fold, the 
only pious paper ever issued in theSchoodic valley, died 
at the tender age of one year. 

The Calais Advertiser, Whig and afterwards Re- 
publican ; John Jackson, editor and publisher ; Calais, 
1841. Since then, every week for thirty-four longyears, 
this paper has advertised its existence and given a sutn- 
niary of the current news ; and Mr. Jackson is still its 
veteran owner and manager. From time to time, va- 
rious gentlemen have let their light shine in its editorial 
columns, and helped on some good cause ;and no doubt 
it will long continue to radiate the wiy:Iom of the East. 

A paper called the Provincial Patriot was born, 
spent its ephemeral existence and perished, some ten or 
fifteen years ago ; hut sufficient data do not remain to 
frame lor it an elaborate epitaph. 

The Charlotte Advocate, managed by Mr. Clinch, 
and subsequently by J. G. Lorimer, a spicy sheet, was 
published in St. Stepheri for several years, beginning 
prior to 1860. But, unhappy Charlotte was called to 
mourn her w'tty aivoca">^ deceased. 

The St. Croix Herald was star^.ed in St. Stephen 
by J, S. Hay. In 1861, some depraved anin.als that 
did not like that kind of hay, broke Into his office and 
distributed his type and piess in a very unartistic man- 
ner. Mi . Hay gathered the debris, brought them to Cal- 
ais, and resumed the publication of his paper. In 1864, 
he enlisted in the U, S. array ; after which John Seara 



Iian- 

;ai- 

lears 



NEWSPArEUS. 



133 



" ( 



continued the paper for a few months, when the Herald 
tleparted to return uo more. 

In 18G5 Diivid Main, Esq., purchased the 
types and press of tlie Herald, moved it again to St. 
Stephen and commenced publishing the St. Croix 
(,'ouRiEii, Mr. Main's tact, skill ond energy has made 
the Courier ever since the main paper in St. Ste[)hen. 

In 18G9 or 70, S. G. Ames started a small paper 
in St. Stephen, called the Schoodic Times. But not 
prospering overmuch, in 1871 , the types and press found 
their way across the river, and were set up in Pool's 
Block. Soon after, C. R. Whidden, Jr., purchased them 
and issued the Calais Times, a wide-awake, newsy, in- 
dependent paper, that bids fair to enjoy a prolonged 
continuance of good times. 

The St. Stephen Journal ; James Dow, editor 
and proprietor ; St. Stephen, 1871. This is the last, but 
by no means the least, of our many papers. Having 
now four, well conducted journals, though as 3'et desti- 
tute of a daily, our citizens feel safe and happ}' in the 
conviction that all their news and business, trials and 
triumphs, will be made known to the world. 



# 






I I 



134 



FIKST BAPTIST CHUIUJH, — CALAIS. 



XIX. 

IsL BAI'7'IST CHURCH— CALAIS. 

To I)oa. Snimiol Kolley, uii<ler Divine I'lovidtMicf, 
the Baptist eliiirelies in Calaii-. and viciiiityowe theirori- 
gin and much of their prosperity. lie and iiis devoted 
wife were tlie first Baptists in town. When he came 
here in 1H21, there was no living Church of any kind, 
in Calais. A Methodist Class of some twenty zealous 
members were holding weekly evening meetings for 
prayer and mutual edilication, hut no clergyman resid- 
ed in the i)lace, and no regular service was held on the 
Sabhath day. For more than thirty years, the widely 
separated and perhaps not ovei* pious settlers had wor- 
shii>ped without any resident priest or suitable sanctuary. 
excei)t during the brief excitement under Mr. Asbury ; 
and even then the meeting-house was a second-hand 
and shabby affair. But better days were coming, and 
while patiently waiting, Dea. Kelley earnestl}^ prayed 
for their advent. In hs-io, an angel cuiue down and 
troubled the waters, but the Congregationalists first 
stepped into its energizing influence, and resolved to 
erect a meeting-house adequate to the need of the town. 
Seeing no immediate prospect of gathering a Church of 
his own faith, the unselfish Deacon generously opened 
his purse and lent his influence to the Congregational 



first 
1(1 to 

low 11. 

Ich of 
[ened 
lioiuil 



FIUST HAl'TIST CIHIKII, CALAIS. 135 

mov(uiient. He <rave li.-ilf the Itiiui for the new mect- 
iiiii-liouse, l)<)iigl).t one of its liiizliest priced pews, help- 
ed or<^:iiiize its Smuhiy-sehool uiid served as its first 
Superinteii(h'nt. lie did all he eonseieiitioiisl^' could; 
but he still retained his oritrinal religious sentiments, 
and longed to work and worship among brothers ami 
sisters of his own cherishe<l fairh. 

At length, in \H'\->, God's good time came, and the 
many prayers of his pious children began to be answer- 
ed. Early in that year, under the faithful and power- 
fully persuasive i)reaching of Rev. Samuel Robinson, 
a great revival of religious interest began in Calais ; and 
within a year, scores of people publicly professed fnith 
in Christ and hope of salvation through his grace. Mr. 
Robinson was a Baptist, and ot course many of the new 
converts adopted his peculiar views. As a result, May 
18, 1«32, in the Congregationnl meeting-house, to the 
great joy of those interested, the 1st. Baptist Chuivh in 
Calais was duly organized. It contained eleven mem- 
bers, viz : — Samuel Kelley and wife, Elijah Stearns, 
Christopher C. Farrar, Dexter II. Woodcock, James 
Sargent, Mercy Todd, Elizabeth Veasey, Hannah Hoyt, 
Marv Hamlin and Isaac Hamlin, a hrother of Hon. 
Hannibal Hamlin, the Vice l*resident of the U. S. under 
Abraham Lincoln. Only two of these persons, S. Kel- 
ley and C. C. Farrar of Topstield, are now living. It 
was a small Church., but its faith, hoi)e and zeal were 
g 'eat ; and hence its ultimate growth and fruit far ex- 
ceeded the expectation of the most sanguine. Many 
people came five or six miles to attend its meetings, 
and so great was the excitement, and so numerous the 
additions, that Aug., 1832, only three months after its 
first start, forty of its members residing near the Ledge 



i\ 



t 







136 KIUST nAl»TIST CIIUUCH, — CALAIS. 

in St. Stephen, were set ofi' and organized into a sepa- 
rate Church, in that phiee. Soon after, Dea. A. D. 
Thompson, whose widow is now the wife of Dea. S. 
Kelley, was ordaineiJ as a minister and installed as the 
pastor of the Ledge Society. Subsequently a comfort- 
able meeting-house was erected for its accommodation, 
and the faithful little Church is still alive and busily at 
work in the Master's Vineyard. 

The great need of a n>eetii.g-house for the parent 
Society soon became apparent, and the steps necessar}' 
to supply the want, were soon taken. The selection of 
a location was judicious. The Congregational house 
was large enough to accomiiodate all the church-going 
people in that part of the town. Milltown, though a 
large and thriving village, had no church edifice. It 
was therefore decided that Milltown was the proper 
place for the new house. A site Cxiutrall}' and pleas- 
antly located was given to the Society by the late Benj. 
F. Waite. and the work of building at once commenc- 
ed. The day on which the corner stone was laid, in 
1833, was very tine, a large audience assembled to wit- 
ness the ceremony, an appropriate and stirring address 
was delivered by Rev. Mr. Kobinson, and the heart of 
every Baptist present throbbed with hope and gladness. 
The building was erected under the supervision of Dea. 
Kelle3^ It was dedicated in June, 1834. The sermon 
was delivered by Rev. Mr Curtis of St. Johr., N. H. ; 
and thus the 1st. Baptist Church in Calais wheeled into 
line ; young, strong, active, and ''thoroughly furnished 
for every good work." 

A Church nuist work or die, and a genuine Christ- 
ian will work. The Master said, "Go ye into all the 
world, and preach the Gospel to every creature ;" and 



FinST UAPTIST cmillCH, — CALAIS. 



i;r 



hrist- 
the 
and 



iTioved b}' those considerations, Sept. 11, 1M34, tlu' 
Clnircli resolved itself into a missionnry soeii'tv ealled 
the "•Eastern Haptist (.Quarterly Conference ;" whose 
objects were to dissemiiiate the()ios|)el and awaken an 
interest in reb<>ion wherever a hearing eonld be obtain- 
ed. Tliis society has held njany nn'ctings in all the 
re«ijion round about Calais, and added not a little to ilie 
prosperity of the Baptist Denomination. It still exists 
and works^ vitjorons as ever. 

The lirst pastor of the Society was Kcv. ^V. II. 
Beekwith, who is now residing in Nashwaak, N. B. lie 
was a good man and a faithful worker ; l)ut realizing 
that he did not fully satisfy the expectation of the peo- 
ple, he retired from the field soon after the dedication of 
the meeting-house. 

The second pastor was Bev. Kdwmd N. Harris. 
He appears to have been a preacher of marked aliility ; 
but being discouraged by tlie general apathy in religicjus 
affairs and the small number of conversions, he rc.'sign- 
ed, April 10, IfS-'Jo. Soon alter, he took charge of a So- 
ciety in Haverhill, INIass. lie now resides in Kho<ie Is- 
land. 

The liiird pastor was Hev. James Iluckins, to whom 
a call was given in Oct. \K3i). The ti<le of religious 
interest that flooded the whole country the next year, 
was already rising, and Mr. Iluckins was just the man 
for the emergency. He entered into the work with all 
his glowing soul. He was earnest. elo(iuent and untir- 
ing ; and the fruit of his labors was the 'addition to the 
Church of loO new members. So great was the prosper- 
ity and at length so full and crowded became the Fold, 
that Ma3' 23, 1^^38, thirty-seven members were set off 
and organized into a separate Church, in Baring. This 



7 'Ti 



188 



FIUST J'.AITIST ClIUKCn, — CALAIS. 




olfslioot. iulioritinLC the vigor and tenacity of its parent, 
is still alive and llourisliing. 

But as the fairest day may be marred l\y a temi)est, 
so Zion is ever liable to commotion and change. The 
Antlsliivcry agitation, slowly gaining in strength and 
power, at last reached Calais, and here as elsewhere, 
created distuihance and trouble. In the Summer of 
lHli<S, a Mr. Codding, sent thiough the instrumentality 
of that staunch Abolitionist. Gen. Samuel Fessenden of 
Portland, came to Calais to lecture oii the sin and wrong 
of Negro shivery. Of course, lectures of this kind 
could not injuie i he business or morals of the town ; but 
there were politicians who feared that Codding might 
damage their party and [)revent themselves or friends 
being elected to olilce ; and hence they set their faces 
against him ; and some of these men were supporters of 
the Htiptist Society. Accordingly when Mr. Codding 
asked permis^sion to deliver a course of lectures in the 
Ba[)tist meeting-house, Hon. T. .J. D. Fuller and others 
stremiously opposed granting his request. Others were 
in favor of it, and a sharp discussion arose ; and it was 
predicted if not threaten, d, that if Codding Jittempted 
to lecture in the village, a riot would ensue and serious 
damage be done. Rev. Mr. Huckins unhappily sided 
with the pro-slavery clique. Dea. Kelley however, who 
controlled over half the house and felt a deep interest 
in the down trodden colored race, decided to open the 
building for the lectures, even at the risk of its being 
torn down or burned by a mob. Mr. Codding accord- 
ingly delivered his pungent course of lectures from the 
Baptist pulpit, to large audiences, and without any dis- 
turbance ; though when he repeated thetn the next week 
in the Town Hall, he was liberally pelted with rotten 



FIHST BAPTIST CllUItril, — CALAIS. 



VM 



were 
t was 

mpted 

erious 
sided 
, who 

itercst 
u the 
being 

iccord- 
ra the 

ny dis- 
t week 
rotten 



eggs. Tlie results of this opisoiU', (so lionorahio to tlie 
fearless Deacon.) were a lar<ie increase of Aholilionism 
in Calais, and the resignntion of Kov. Mr, IlucUins. It 
is [)roimble that he acted conscieiitionsly in the aifair, 
but ill the then existing state of feeling, his longer stay 
was not deenit<l i)olitic : and in Sept. \HoH, the Church 
accepteii his resignation and gave him a letter of recom- 
mendation to any Society that might desire his services, 
lie lett antl went to Texas ! 

The fourth pastor, was the talented, energetic and 
eloquent Rev. E. D. Very. He began his pastorate in 
Dec. 1838, and the Church at once resumed the even 
and prosperous tenor of its way. As a whole, its anti- 
slaverv element made it stronijrer and more resoectable, 
and Dec. 21), 1841, the thrifty old Hive swarmed again. 
The village at "Salt-water," was outgrowing Milltovvn ; 
several prominent Baptists resided there ; and after ma- 
ture deliberation, fifty members of the 1st. Church were 
set off and organizeil iuto the 2nd. 15ai)tist Church in 
Calais. Rev. Mr. Very went with the new Society, and 
thus closed his pastorate in Milltown. Subsecjuently 
he became the Editor of the ""Christian Visitor," a re- 
ligious paper |)ublished in St. John, X. 15. In 18o6, he 
was accidentally drowned. 

The filth pastor was Rev. Wm. N. Sla»on, from 
Rembroke, who began to supply the pulpit in Feb. 1842. 
He was an emotional speaker of considerable ability ; 
and a revival of religious interest at once became mani- 
fest. This continued for several months, and many ad- 
ditions were made to the Church. But the last oH'shoot 
so considerably weakened the financial ability of the 
Society' that in the following December, Mr. Slason be- 
gan preaching on alternate Sabbaths, in Milltown and 



tlfir 



no 



KIUST IIAPTIHT (III'IICII, — fALAfS. 



Ill 




liiiiinu:. This continued until .liin. 2r». 1844, when he 
rcsiirncd nnd rcniovcHl to take chMij^c of a Church in 
I*:irsonsli<'l(l, Mc. 

Tlie sixth i)nstor. Kov. Alien Hmitowh of Ellsworth, 
was ('l('(!tc(l April 2«, 1H44. Ho held ihe oflico four 
years, and then removed to Kast Machias. The parish 
stained in streni^th duriniz; iiis ministry, thouii'h no event 
of special interest transpired. 

The next pastor. Rev. J, W. Liiwton, was chosen 
May T), 1840. The next year. Aujr. J), hSaO, the meet- 
in<>-house accidentally caught fire and burned to the 
jjjround ; and Mr. Lawton's pastorate ended. It was a 
great misfortune, but no one proi)osed to let their be- 
loved Church die. Mr. Lawton went away, but the 
faithful, self sacridcing Rev. A. I). Thompson of St. 
Andrews, eanse and preached in a school-house, a part 
of the- time for the next two years, meanwhile the en- 
er<rv and means of the Society were mainly devoted to 
the erection of a new place of worship. It was at len^jth 
finished and <ledicated Sept. 20, 1852. 

Once more the Church had a home and was ready 
for ag<z;i*essive work. The pul[)it was regularly sup- 
plied ; but owing to the dei)letion of its Treasur}' and 
perhaps a little fastidiousness, no pastor was secured 
until Sept. 9. 1853, when Rev. I. J. Burgess was in- 
<lucted into the sacred office, and continued in it two 
years. After that, the Society does not appear to have 
been very prosperous for a long period. During many 
years, various clerg3'men supplied the pulpit a few 
weeks or months at a time, until at length a permanent 
ministry was again established. Rev. C. C. Lang serv- 
ed as pastor from Sept. 1868 to May, 1870. The next 
November, Rev. R. D. Porter became pastor, and he is 



FIRST HAPTI8T CIIl U(-II,_CALAIS. HI 

Htill rotni.uHl. In 1871, the .nootin-lunise was m,air- 
oA and painted at a eost nf$(m, and in I,s72 the So 
cietj expen.led §;50()(), in bnil.lin^r ,, parsonage. Since 
then, the Chnreh has enjoyed a good decrree of peace 
and pros,)erit.v, and there is every reason to believe 
Miat It wdl lonjr remain one of the substantial and well 
ordered Societies of Calais. 






^ 



I ' I" ■ 




142 



HANKS AND INSimANCE. 



'ii 



if 

■ 

1 


bi 


1 


i 



1 ^ 



XX. 

BANKS AND INSURANCE. 

R'oni tliolr first scttlonient to the prcstMit day, the 
princ'ipalhusineHs of Cahils mid St. St('|)heii has been 
hmibcrinjjj ; and to carry on this l)usiiiess sueeessfully, 
u largo amount of capital is recpiircd. In lively times, 
not only hundreds of thousands of dollars are })aid to 
the workmen at home, in a year, hut much more is re- 
ceived from western towns, in exchange lor the cargoes 
of lumber shipped to them. Hence, at an early (la>', 
the operators on the St. Croix felt the need of a liank 
of exchange and discount ; and as soon as their means 
and courage warranted the proceeding, directed their 
attention to this subject. 

The Calais Bank was chartered in 1831, and went 
into operation in Jan. 1832, with a capital of $100,000. 
The first President was Hon. Geo. Downes ; the second 
and present President is Josei)h A. Lee. Its first Cash- 
ier was J. J. Lee; its second, was Wm. Deming ; its 
third and })resent Cashier is Frank Nelson. In the ups 
and downs of business, it has had manv a dark day, 
and met with many a heavy loss ; but it has never failed 
to redeem "itp. paper, and it did not suspend specie pay- 
ment until compelled to, by the Banking Act, passed 
durinii' the "rreat Rebellion. This Bank is still in exist- 



IJANKS AND INSUKANCK 



1 13 



oneo, and doing ji large, safe and pr()rital)lo amonnt of 



1 



Mismoss. 



In the llnsh times of l«iJ(), when everybody had a 
speeulation mania, the Washington Connly Hank with 
a capital oi* 6'')0,()0(), came into existence; He ndol 
Whldden, President, and Seth Emerst)n, Casiru'r. Not 
long after however Mr. Emerson became President and 
Harrison Tweed, Cashier, lint the managers of this 
institntion were not trained bankers, tlie business re- 
vulsion of l.S.'JT came on, and worse than all, a set of 
New York swindlers ma<le the Hank their prey, and in 
a few years it went down with a crash. Its bills be- 
came entirely worthless, and the stockholders lost heav- 
ily by its failure. 

The same year, 18136, the St. Croix Bank with a 
cai)ital of S')0,00(), went into operation. Cyrus Hamlin 
was its first President, and Jeremiah Curtis, its second. 
J. IS. Pike was Cashier. There was not legitimate busi- 
ness enough to support three Hanks ; and from similar 
causes, it soon shared the fate of its cotemporary. Hut 
its failure was not quite so disastrous. It redeemed 
its paper and i)ai(l its stockholders, fourteen per cent, 
of their investment. Mr. Curtis although a poor bank- 
er, succeeded admirably in the patent medecine line. 
He went to New York, engaged in the Soothing Syrup 
bnsiness, a la Mrs. Winslow, and became a millionaire. 
Mr. Pike also in other occupations has proved himself 
a man of no small ability. 

The same year, 188G, the St. Steplien Bank com- 
n^^nced business with a capital of $100,000. The offi- 
cers were Nehemiah Marks, President ; David Upton, 
Cashier ; G. D. King, Robert Lindsay, Wm. Porter, 
James Allen, R. M. Todd, Robt. Watson, Henr^- East- 



1-^ 



111 



HANKM AND INSIKANCE, 




11 



iiii 



> 1 



*ll^ 



II 



inMii, (i. S. Hill, Directors. Tills Uniik has doiio a 
larjjjc !U)(I i)r()lital)U' business ; and it is still a sound and 
prosperous corporati The Presidents have been N. 

Miuks, Win. Porter, . I). Kiiii;. Win. Todd, and S. 
II. IIiteliiii«xs. At present, F. II. Todd is l*resid(>nt, 
and Kol»t. Watson, Cashier. 

The Calais Savinj^s IJank was incorporated Mar. 
14, l^idl. Kor a time, in the distracted years of the 
war, the (leposits came in slowly ; but of late the insti- 
tution has won public confidence, and more people in 
the vicinity realize the advaiita<j^es of puttin<jj their mon- 
ey on interest, and hoardiii}^ a fund for futiue contin- 
gencies. Tlu' Bank pays a semi-annual dividend of 
three per cenf. Th' louiit on dei)osit. Mar. 1, ISTo, 
was $271,141. Tlu ease during the past two years 

has been about $)}.'), 000 per annum. Its ofllcers are, E. 
A. Barnard, President ; J. A. Lee, Secretary and Treas- 
urer ; T. J. Copeland, Daniel Hill, II. N. Mill, C. K. 
Swan, (1. E. Downes, Win. Duren, Win. Deming, and 
Frank Nelson, Trustees. The stability aiul future 
usefulness of this excellent institution, seem to be as- 
sured beyond a doubt. 

The St. Stephen branch of the Bank of British 
North AmericM, was estalilishe(l in May, 1H70. This 
Bank has a ca[)ital of one million [)ounds sterling. Its 
home ollice is in London ; ])ut it has branches or agents 
in almost all parts of the world. The St. Stephen 
branch issues bills, lonns monev, and like a savings 
bank pays live per cent, interest [)er annum on dei)osits. 
It has an unlimited amount of capital, and does a large 
business. In isT.'), it erected, of Dorchester freestone, 
an (>legant and comnuxlioiis bank building, at a cost of 
$40. ()()(). In every respect it appears to be a permanent 



HANKS AM» IN'srUANCK 



\\i 



, ana 
Cut lire 



as- 



iritisli 

This 

Its 

locnts 



.pi 



U'll 



IVlllLJS 



K)S 



its. 



lar<2;e 
4()ne, 
tof 



Mid tnistwortliy iiistihitioii. Its otliccrs arc Messrs. 
lliirns, Mun.'i^cr; Tnylor, Act'oniitaiit ; Morrison. Toi- 
ler ; McAilani. Discount (Mrrk ; Mn(l( JrinuutT. Assistant. 

In lH;i(;, tiu' Calais Mutual insurance Conjpanv 
was organized ; Samuel Kcllcy. IVcsiilcnt. Luther liiack- 
ott, SccTctjirv. It <li(l a small luisiness lor two oitliit'i' 
yoais, and then lor want of patronams expired. It 
l>rou}i,iit no jireat jj^ain or loss to anyone. 

Ahout IH.VI, a Mutual Marine Insurance Company 
was oiijanized in St. Stephen. For a lew years it did 
a «^o<m1 liusiness ; and tlu'U hy mutual consent it was 
dissolved. Not far from tiie same time, a similar in- 
stitution was orji'anized in Calais, and it went through 
altout the same phases of success and failure, lint in 
l'S72, a company was forme(l in Calais, callccl the St. 
Croix. Lloyds. It insures only the IVei<iht of vessels, 
makes no dividends, and pays for losses hy assessments 
on its menilters. Its olllcers are. F. II. Todd, Presi- 
dent ; A. 11. Sawyer, Secretary, who also has the power 
of attorney to act for the com[)any ; E. C. (iates, ,Ias. 
Murchie, L. L. Wadsworth. Jr.. Wm. Duren, F. II. 
Todd, F.A. Pike, C. F. Todd, Directors. This insti- 
tution is in oood workin}4' order, and jfives entire satis- 
faetion to those interested. 






^ 



los 



anont 



IM! rM\ i;i{>Ai.isr < inuciF. — Miu/KmN a < ai.ais.* 





XXI. 

UNI rEitsA L 1ST cnrnciT, 



MILLTO WN A ND CA LA IS. 



The iiionccr inn new sctllcincnt. is o-ciHTitlly Itrnvc. 
♦'nor<ri'tic. scH'-rc lijiiit mikI iiKiiiisitivc Ih'isji (•.•ireful 
studciil of 111(11. nature mikI tlieories. He does liis own 
tliinkin^" nnd tries to satisfy his own uood judgment. 
lie may err. hiit he ine;nis to uo on to i)erfeeti(jn. 'Vhv 
vvihlerness stir.s iiis inner nature, and renders him a 
seei<er after truth and riuiit. It is therefore [)ossihle 
If not ju'ohalile that from the lirsl. some of the iiartly 
setth'rs of Cahiis and St. Stephen donhted tlie correct- 
ness of tile then popular tiieolouy ; hut tlicre is no rec- 
ord or tradition of distinctive rniversalisin priorto ISH). 

Ill Dec. oftliatyear. Rev. Duncan M'CoU of St. 
»Stei)!;eii, wlio was well ac(iuaiiited with the reliuious 
opinions of all the people on each side of the river, 
preached a lon<i" sermon a<2:ainst rniversalisin; (piotino', 
reviewinu" and tryin<i' to disprove the theories of James 
Kelly and -loim Murray. There must have 1»een some 
Iniversalists in tlie vicinity, for otherwise such a ser- 
mon wt)uld not have been needed. A few UK^ntlis later, 
1. e. in March, 1H20, he delivered in St. Stephen, an- 
other discourse a<iainst rniversalisin, in which he as- 
serts that the Universalists "are spreadin«»' hooks and 



rSlVKIiSALIST (IHKrH, 



MII,I/rnWN .<i ( ALAIS. 



11 



»rnvi'. 
•nrclnl 
■< own 

Ijiiii :i 

)ssiltU' 

hiinlv 



( >rr( 



ct- 






() 



f St, 



lliiiious 
river. 

liotinii': 
Jjunes 

h sonu' 
a sel- 
ls hitor, 



n. 



iin- 



Ihe as- 



loadiiiiX jM'oplc jistiMV." To wlioiii lie alludt's. is not 
known : hut anjonji' tlu'in wcih' jn'obahly M;iJ. \\. Ucad- 
injn'. Col. .1. Wliitncv. .lanu's lirown Ks<{., aii'l oUhts, 
riu' next vi'Mi' in- allndes to tlieni aiiain. as ifthrv ti"onl>- 



!(>( 



1 hi 



ni. 



ks an( 



1 



Hilt exeept this, till 1X2(), theiT ;ire no n'/onls in 
existence e<)ntainin<»; any infbrniation on this point. 
The hnrning- of the Milltown ehnrch in l^.'yl. and the 
great, 1X70 lire in (':dais. consnnied all the hooks con- 
taininii' the procee(lin*i;s of the Iniversalist Society. 
Bnt fortnnately, Mrs. Sarah Lowell, who cainc to C'al- 
ais in .lannarv. 1.S2."). has preserved in her diary, a faith- 
ful acconnt of" all the prominent events in the parish, 
lVo)n then to the present time: and from her copious 
niamiscri|)ts, many of the followin«>' facts and dates ha\'e 
licen <i:atliei'ed. 

From an article in the(iospel IJanneiof Auu". \Xi\'). 
li'iving an account of statements made hv the late lion. 
.James Brown of St. David. X. IJ.. we leain that Kev. 
•Joseph Hntteifield from the western part <d' Maine, was 
the first L'niversalist ministct- (hat preached in this vi- 
cinity. This ;mist have heen prior to 1H2."). lie was 
not a man of nuich note : hut he isdescrihed as a "( 'hiis- 
tian iicntleman and an cxtem[)oraneous speaker of pleas- 
inn" address." He did not I'emain lon«i' ; hut his unolt- 
trusive visit opened the door for others to enter, and 
touched the sprinji; of lastimj; results. 

I'roltahly the next I'nivei-salist clerii:yman that visit- 
ed Calais, was Rev. Sylvanus Cohlt. 1). 1).. then of 
Waterville, Me., but afterwards of Boston. Mass., where 
lie started and for many years published a relii^ious pa- 
per called the "Christian Frt'cnuu!." Aft«'r a lon<x and 
tedious voyajjje from Belfast iu the steamer oi' schonuer 



f 'T 



i i \m 



}:■ 



148 l.XIVKIiSALIST CHURCII. — MILLTOWN A CALAIS. 

Patent-, V'.\\)t. Cram, he jinlviM] in Kasti>()rt too late in 
tlic wi'ck to iiuH't his first SuiKJny a|)[)ointin('nt in Calais. 
Hilt ho wasted no time. He <>:j)ve two lectures each in 
Kaslport, liohhinstoii, St. Stt'iiiieii and St. David, and 
l)reaehed in Calais on the Sundays ol' Oct. 22 and 21), 
l><2(). He was a pleasant man, well versed in Scrip- 
ture, a good reader, a clear reasoner, and an imi)ressive 
emotional speaker. His sermons seldom failed to con- 
vince the intellect and warm the heart of every candid 
listener; and beyond a donht, the ultimate result of his 
labor here, was the establishment of a })ermanent So- 
ciety. His home while in town was with the late Maj. 
E. Keadinjj* ; but he has long since gone to the blessed 
liome on high. 

In September, 1827, Kev. Lafayette Mace came to 
Calais and preached six weeks. He was introduced to 
the people by Col. Joseph Whitney who at the time 
appears to have been greatly interested in Lil)eral 
Christianity. The meetings of Mr. Mace were held in a 
school-house opposite the present residence of Capt. 
Seth Emerson. He was a sincere though not an effect- 
ive speaker ; yet his brief pastorate served to keep alive 
and growing the nascent soul of the Churcli that was 
coming. 

The next year, 1828, the eloquent and inspiring 
Rev. J. xi. Dods of Union, Me., came to Calais on a 
preaching tour. There are some intimations that he had 
been here before. He was educated for the Congrega- 
tional niilpit and for a time had studieil in tlie Bangor 
Theological Seminary ; l)ut in earl}' manhood he em- 
braced a broader faith, and became one of its most able 
and earnest advocates. He memorized large portions 
of the Bible, and well understood their meaning. He 



UNIVKUMALrST ClIlKCIl. Mll-LTOWN .t ( ALAIS. 



1 liJ 



il in a 

Capt. 

'ttect- 

alive 

was 

piring 
on a 
le had 



rrotjja- 
angor 



He 



was a keen obsorvcr, an acute rcasoncr and a rapid, 
lively, interesting s[)ealver. He preached wlieneveraiid 
wherever lie couhl gathei' an audience, and scMoiu Tail- 
ed to convert some of his liearers to his way of tliiiiU- 
iug. The Sunchiy he preached in Dyer's Hall, Calais, 
only one lady, Mrs. Jonas Kice. ventured to trust her- 
self within the tasciuatiiU!!; sound of his voice. liut at 
Milltown, more peoi)le Hcx'ked to heai- him, than the 
little school-house could accommodate ; and not a lew 
had to stand outside and listen through the windows. 
So great was his i)opularity, that an etfort was made to 
secure his services as a settled pastor. — a step thiit 
should have been taken ; but at the su.ggestion of some 
over-scrui)ulous meddlers in the western i)art of the 
State, the [)romising project was abandoned, and the 
goldeii oi)portunity lost. It appears from a remark in 
bis dedication sermon, that Mr. Dods was here again in 
1829, but there is no other account of his visit. Cer- 
tainly he vas the people's favorite, and tlierefore he 
ought to have come again. 

Thus the Abrahamie faith was planted and firiiily 
rooted in Schoodic valle}' ; and although n(» Society was 
organized, and no pastor employed for the next hall" 
dozen years, it did not die out or even become weak. 
The occasional visits and sermons of itinerant clergy- 
men, tiie joyous connnunion of the believers, and the si- 
lent but potent ministration of books and papers, *vere 
steadily preparing the way for the advent of a new dis- 
pensation. 

It came. In the latter part of 1835, alter the usual 
preliminaries. Rev. Wm. S. Clark of Lubec, received 
and accepted an invitation from the Universalists of 
Milltown, to become their pastor. Business began. 



^m^ 






liV) rxiVKKSAi.isT nirncii, — Mii.i/rowx a Calais. 

Mr. C'huk wms m poculijir mjm. aiwl in soiiio rt's|)octM 
iinpU'MSMiitIv ('(•(•(Mitrif : Imt his fliioncy of spoocli, zoal 
for tlio cniiso. .mii^I iiictliodic.'il iiiimncr of woikintj, rcn- 
dororl him :u» clliciciit jukI sucoossfiil ininistcr. I Ms 
sermon priutjM] in iMSd, nnd liis ••Friendly lottor to Hev. 
Mr. Ilnckiiis." i)nl>lish('(l soon iiftiT. prove him n sharp 
and Jilih' controvorsiidist. 

In the (»Mrly p;irt of I.S.'jO, lie or«j:ani/«'(l a I'niver- 
salist Society in Milltown, composed of some of the old- 
est an<l hest families on each sid<M)f the rix'ei'. The re- 
cords are lost, hut the folloNvini£ pei'sons ai'e remomher- 
ed as a portion of the members: Mr. and INIrs. Joel 
Whitney, Mr. and ^Irs, 'i'ha<ldeus Ames. Mr. and Mrs. 
Win. Lovejoy. Mr. and Mrs. Henhen Lowell, and Hor- 
ace Hamilton. It was a <):lad day: for the step was 
important and the work was )neant to he permanent. 
In M;iy of Mie same yeai', a Snnday-school was orijan- 
ized ; and although it was generally suspended dnrinj; 
tlui Winter, and snhsecinently moved to Milltown. X. 
H., and llnally lo Calais, it lives and tVonrishes to-day. 
Its anniversary is the lirst Sniuhiy in May. 

In IS^M), Mr. Clark retired, and Ehenezer Fisher. 
1). I)., a native of Charlotte, Me., ami now President of 
Canton Theoloiiical School in New York, took his place 
as pastor. He remained only six months, but his fer- 
vent piety, Christian deportment, and lucid expositions 
of the Gospel, imparted tone and streng'th totheyouno: 
Society. Ahout this time or a little earlier, a commo- 
dious church was huilt in Milltown, Me. : and some of 
the I'niversalisis supposinjjj its puli)it would he free to 
their nnnisteis a [)art of the time, assisted in paying 
the liills. The p(»licy was bad ; for the pv•"^session of a 
part of a church is always a hindrance to a growintj; So- 



INIVKHSAI.IST CIUKMII. — MII.I.T<»\VN .V ( AI.AI.-. 



i:.i 



N. 

f-<lt>V. 



^hor 



Ml 



t of 



|)l!lCP 

lor- 
Itiona 

Inmo- 
of 

H' to 

jyiiigr 
lof a 



)0- 



(Mi'ty that lU'C.ls a nuu'tin<; cviMV Sunday. Fortunately 
tlu' oiilirc control ot' tin* l)ui!(lin<i; lnM-amc legally vested 
in another Society, and tlio I'niversalists continued to 
worship in the huniliU' iMit free school house until they 
erected a church wholly theii' own. Thus, often, dis- 
aj)i)ointinents result in l>lessinjj,s. 

In 1.S40, Rev. Amos Ilitchiniis ofWawei^, St. An 
drevvs, N. B., assumed the duties of pastoi'. From his 
rural home and unostentatious mauners, he was some- 
times facetiously calletl the "'Hurnt land ()reacher." I>ut 
he was a i 'maikalHy clear headetj and waini heaited 
"•inau of Clod" : and hence his ministry was hountifully 
blessed. lie ''passiMl on hi'fore," several years ajj^o. in 
Auburn, Me. 

The next year, the Society built a small but pleas- 
ant meetinir-house in Milltown,N. 1). It was loeate<l 
on tiiat side ol the rivei" [>artly because a majority o!" 
the brethren lived there, and partly because a better 
site could there be obtained. It was dedicated, Sept. 
28, 1841. The sermon was delivered by that ehxpuMit 
favorite of the Society, Rev. .1. I>. Dods. His text was 
I Kings vi. 7, and the discourse was printed in pam- 
phlet form with the title of "HuildiiiLf Sermon." It was 
an ijifjjenious and i)owerful Hible arj^umont in i)roof of 
his religious theory- interspersed with many a strain of 
tender pathos. It was a great, happy and hopeful day 
for the Society. Having a home of its own, it now pre- 
pared to attend to its spirit;ial liousehold duties. Ac- 
(3ordingly a Church — a Household of faith, was duly in- 
stituted, and the sacramental rites of Haptism and the 
Lord's Supper wore ap[)r()priatel3' observed. The mem- 
bers so far as is now recollected, were Mr. and Mrs. 
.Foel Whitney, Mr. and Mrs. Joel Hill, Mr. and Mrs. 



r^"""""* 






ir)2 TrXIVKItSAMST rlKuril. — Mri.LT<jWN & CALAIS. 

Samuel Il.ill. Mr. .iiid Mrs. Ahticr Hill. Mr. .'ind Afra. 
WarrcMi ll.'ivc'ock, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Harmon, Mr. 
.lames haixley. and Mrs. Seth Todd. This was an im- 
portant movement in the rl^lit direetion ; and if at that 
time, more of the ('on<j:reii,!ition had "pnton the vvhole 
armor of (iod" and alliliat<Ml with the Chureii, both the 
parish and the eause wonld have onjoved a largely in- 
creased prosperity. Hnt i)reeious opportnni ties are oft- 
en r"<i;leeted by even the wise. 

Mr. Hitehini;s conld plant acbnirably. but he had 
not a "renins for enltnrinu or harvesting;. His work 
was done in Millt(»wn, and early in bS42, he resi<j:ned 
and left; and in Mar<*h of the same year, Rev. W. C 
(ieorge, M. I)., by nnanimons invitation assinned the 
pastorate of the Society. He was well educated, talent- 
ed, prudent and ucnial. He often visited his pnrish- 
ioners, and in a manly way won tlio contidence and le- 
spect of the entire community. He preached excellent 
sermons, an<l his meetin<2;s were well attended and prof- 
itable. Dnrini; his ministry, all the parish wheels run 
smoothly, and the Society rose to the rank of a perma- 
nent, prosperous Christian Church, to which it was an 
honor and a benelit to belon«j;. 

In Oct. 1S44, Mr. George went away for a brief 
peiio<l to attend medical lectures ; and during his six 
months absence. Rev. J.C^. Henry sui)plied the pulpit. 
He is remembered as a good man and minister ; a work- 
man that deserved respect and atiection. In accordance 
with his counsel, the hidies formed a "Social Sewing 
Circle" to promote friendshii)and aid the Sunday-school 
and Society. Its meetings were well attended and har- 
monious : and it contributed laruely not onlv to the 
funds in the treasury, but also to the unity an<] strength 






UNIVKHSALIST <'ni ifCII, — MILI.TOWN A CALAIS. 



1 ;■);$ 



of the parisli. Tlio Ciicl*' contimiod itw loirnlur inct't- 
iiijzs for inon- tlwiu twenty- live yours, aiul did u yast 
nniouiit of fjfood. Dr. (icori^o rcturiKMl in April, 1X4.'). 
and a<^ain raitlifnUy and acccptaMy pt'rfonncd his min- 
isterial duties, addinii' thereto some medieal praetiee, 
until June, 1H4!>, when he a»;ain left and went t<) Kurope 
to finish his medieal studies. 

I)urin«jf his ahsenee, of over two years, Roy. (). II. 
Johnson ofHeiated as |)astor to the entire satisfaetion of 
all coneerned. Mr. Johnson being" an adroit worker in 
the Sunday-school, it <xrew rapi(dy under his care ; 
and the Concerts which he arranged, drew crowded 
house.^ and won universal admiration. Mr. Johnson 
now resides in Jay. Me. 

In April, lsr)2, Dr. (leorgc again returned and took 
charge of the Society. From this tiuje. no important 
eyent transpired until Januaiy, l«o4 ; when the hiuhiy 
prized church accidentally caught fire and hurned to the 
ground. It was a sad day. The home was lost and the 
household destitute of shelter, but defianf^e was bid to 
despair. Arrangements were inunediately made for the 
continuance of public worship, at first in Sweet's Hall, 
and afterwards in St. Stephen Academy, which the 
Trustees generously offered for this purpose. Here the 
people met and Dr. George preached, as joyfull}' as in 
their old home, knowing that better days were coming. 
Immediately measures were adopted and money raised 
for rebuilding ; and soon a new and elegant church rose 
on the ruins of the old one. The Building Connnittee 
were Jas. S. Hall, Wm. Duren, and Seth M. Todd. 
The dedication took place Dec. 13, IXoo. The sermon 
was deliyered by Rev. Asher Moore of Portland, and 
the other exercises were conducted by Rev. T. S. Lath- 



1— ^ 




154 UNIVKHSALIST CHURCH, MILLTOWN A CALAIS. 

roj) of Calais, and the pjistor. Thus onco more the So- 
ciety was in good working condition, and the prospect 
seemed briiihter and moi r liopeful than ever. Dr. 
George continucid to perform the arduous but not con- 
Micting duties of pastor and physician till Dec. I808 ; 
when, to the sur[)risc and regret of all his friends, he 
resigned, and sought a less toilsome and more profitable 
tield of labor. 

The parish lost no time in hearing candidates. Its 
next pastor, Rev. II. A. IMiilbrook began Dec. ID, I8i'>8. 
lie was youn^, agreeable, talented and energetic, lioth 
the matter and manner of his sermons were pleasing, 
and his congregation soon equalled the capacity of the 
church. No prospect could l)e more brilliant, for the 
day of triumph had at last arrived. The success was so 
great that the Unitarians of Calais earnestly desired to 
participate in the blessing. Accordingly after due pre- 
liminaries, the Universalist Society voted, April 17, 
IH;")!), ''that Br. II. A. Philbrook be permitted to preach 
one sermon iuthe Unitarian church in Calais, each Sun- 
day, for a year ; — the Calais Society paying one half his 
salary." It was done ; and thus without apparent in- 
tention on either side, commenced that fusion of the 
two parishes, which was destined ultimately to make 
them forever, one and indivisible. 

The records of the Church having been consumed 
with the meeting-house, and its organization lost, at 
the request of the pastor, a reorganization was effected 
in the Spring of 1M59. The persons that atliliated were 
Wm. Duren, Benj. Young, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Har- 
mon, Mr. and Mrs. Alex. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Todd, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Whitney, Mrs. Robert 
Todd, Mrs. Sophia Sawyer, Mrs. Setli M. Todd, Mrs. 



UNIVKUSALIST CIUHdl, 



•MILI/inWN X- ( .\I.\I>. 



1 :».-» 



J(3lin Dutch, Mrs. Sarah Lowell, aii<l Miss Lama Hill. 
Again the Ordinances were ol)serve(l. an<l the Lord wor- 
shi|)[)e«l in the heauty of holiriess. 

When the war of the Rebellion Itroke out, the young 
pastor so warnuMl np with i)atri()tisni and so longed to 
be in the striCe, that rdar. 2.'), ls('»2, the parish voted 
him leave of al)sence for three months, to enabh' hitii to 
accept the Cha[)laincv of the .sth ^Liine llegiinent of 
Volunteers. He went to the war ; and during his ab- 
sence and subse(]uent illness, the pulpit was supplifd 
by Rev. S. I>. Rawson, recentl\' Riot", of Ancient 
Languages in St. Lawrence University, — a learned and 
excellent man. But i)ermanency is not an attribute of 
things material. Slowly but iiK^vitably the Milltown 
Society experienced a disheartening change. Some of 
the active members died ; some lost their religious inter- 
est ; soine moved down to ''salt watei' ;" and few new 
members came in to fdl up the vacancies. The congre- 
gation was growing smaller. Mr. Rhilbrook's army 
cakupaign had broadened his views and excited his am- 
l)ition ; and after mature deliberation, he wisely resolv- 
ed to inaugurate a new Society in Calais. 

To test the feasibility of the project, he began in 
May, 1866, to preach one half of each Sunday in City 
Hall, Calais, spen<linir the other h;df ol'the dav in the 



Milltown church. The result exceeded his sanguine 
lioi)e. The Calais meeting was a novelty that drew at- 
tention, and the seats in the Hall were free. . He spake 
freely, and the people liked both his style and senti- 
ments. If he did not attract many from other Societies, 
he gathered not a few who had no religious home. The 
prospect soon became so encouraging that an oigani- 
zation was deemed needful; and '^The First Indei)end- 



ir><) IINIVKUSAI.FST CIIUUCII, — MILl.TOWN A ('AI.AIS. 



, 



• 



■ 




cnt Univcrsulist Society in Calais," spraiij^ into actnal 
and consetincniial existence. J^iterally the Universal- 
ists "pitcJH'd their tent on new ground" and found it 
safe and pleasant. 

But as the new Society increased, tlie old one de- 
creased. The audience became (juite stnall, the pastor 
moved to Calais, and the few that remained, were dis- 
<;ouraged. Yet there stood their handsome meeting- 
house, not fourteen years old ; autl what to do with 
it, became more and more a puzzling problem. To use 
it or desert it, secned e([ually unsatisfactory. A Pro- 
vidential interference solved the dillicult (piestion in a 
moment. By the terrific storm of Oct. 5, 18G0, the 
meeting-house was blown down and completely demol- 
ished. The end of the Society started by Mr. Clark, 
and incorporated Mar. 2G, 1867, by the "Lieutenant 
rJovernor, TvCgishitive Council and Assembly of New 
Brunswick," had come. Its last meeting was held Oct. 
23, 18()t) ; and it then voted to adjourn si7ic die. Sever- 
al of its memlu'rs still reside in Milltown, but they have 
no religious meetings and no hope of any reorganization 
for some time to come. 

The Calais Society after worshipping awhile in the 
City llall, moved into the Congregationalist vestry on 
Main St., and after that was burned, into the Metho- 
dist church which was generously opened for them. 
May 5, 1870, the Society was legally organized and em- 
powered to hold property, in accordance with the Stat- 
utes of Maine. It called itself, "The First Universalist 
Society of Calais ;" and thirty-six persons became mem- 
bers. A Preamble, Profession of Faith, Constitution 
and By-Laws were adopted, similar to those drawn up 
years before bj' Dr. George for the Milltown parish. 



iTNivKusAi.isT cnriK II. 



MIM/roWN A CALAIS. 



I 



)i 



[etho- 

thera. 

em- 

Stat- 

[salist 

Imem- 

lution 

rn up 

Irish. 



Tlic manly and Christian spirit, ofthi' I'roanihk', rentiers 
it worthy of preservation. 

''Whereas, (lod in his wisdom has bestowed on us 
the inestin>al»le riches of his Word, and set before ns the 
great examples of Christ to bless and guide us through 
life, and has ealled upon us us his scMvants to labor in 
exten<ling the s|)irit an<l prineijiles of the ^iospel among 
men ; therefore we form ourselves into a soeiety. that 
we may be helps to each other, and b}' our united ener- 
gies be able to work more successfully in the cause of 
our Divine Master." 

The Profession of Faith is the one adopted by all 
thellniversalist Societies in the country. It is as follows : 

1. "We believe, that the Holy Scriptures of the Old 
and New Testaments contain a revelation of the char- 
acter of God, and of the duty, interest, and final desti- 
nation of mankind. 

2. ''We believe there is one God, whose nature is love ; 
revealed in one Lord Jesus Christ, by one Holy Spirit 
of grace, who will finally restore the whole family of 
mankind to holiness and happiness. 

3. ''We believe, that holiness and true ha[)piness are 
inseparably connected ; and that believers ought to main- 
tain order, and practise good works, for these things are 
good and profitable unto men." 

May 20, 1870, the Society purchased one half of 
the Unitarian church, and in conjunction with the Uni- 
tarians, thoroughly remodelled and repaired it at an ex- 
pense often thousand dollars. The Building Committee 
were Benj. Young, Wm. Duren, J. Phelan and L. L. 
Wadsworth. It was then named "Union Church" and 
dedicated Dec. 28, 1870. Rev. H. A. Philbrook preach- 
ed the sermon, and Rev. Mr. Crafts, of Eastport, offer- 
ed the prayer. 



T^ 



! 



158 UNIVKUSALIST CIUKCII, — MII-LTOWN A CALAIS. 

Soon Jif'tcr, tlio two Sociotios and their Sunday- 
schools nnitcd and worshipixMl lo-jfctlicr, Rev. Mr. 
Philhrook n^signod and K«'V. I. V. Knowlton was cljoson 
pastor. lie coinMUMKM'd Juno Ist, 1h7I , and still retains 
the oflice : and the united parish is enjoyin<;' a fair share 
of prosperity. 

In May, 1H72, an or<;Mni/a1ion was arraiijjj»'d. call- 
ed the "Church of Christ in the Union Parish, Calais, 
Maine," and twenty-live i)ers()jis became nienjl)ers. 
The followiiio- ''Statement of Faith and Purpose," re- 
veals its character. 



Statkmknt of Faith and Puupose. 

"We whose names are hereunto sul)scril)ed, believe 
that "there is one (Jod an<l one mediator between God 
and men, the man Christ Jesus; who <;ave himself a 
ransom for all, to be testified in due time." 

We believe that we are the children of the "Father 
of all, who is above all, and throuu;h all, and in all ;" 
whom therefoie we should love, obey, and trust. 

Wc believe that "the (lospel of C'hrist is ihe power 
of God unto salvation to every one that believeth ;" and 
that therefore it ought to "be preached to every crea- 
ture." 

We believe tl' 



^mnraciujj m 
ed-iint],- out 



U hi 



iii. 



las a Church on the earth, 
and that openly ack'uowl- 
tol I. and wovkin<i in his church, 
13 the best \ \y to ' ow in urace, and to juanifest tv) the 
world our n li<j,ion ruith and purpose. 

We therefore assume the resix -il)ilities and duties 
incumbent u[)ou members of the ( istian Church. 

We oiler the IJiiiht Hand »>. Ilowship to all who 
desire to unite with us, and woul connnend to them 



re- 



tl- (VUti,.,, rit,.s.,lli,,|„is,„ „,„| t|„, I.,nr., .s„|,,„„. 

».; <;lnnn !., he a Imu,,.'!, ofll,.. Church of c'hmt 
>"thc|,„a„|-„rish,(nh,is, Maine. *-'"""' 

Wcpropose to elert »,„.h oIHc^ts an,| a,I.,„t s„eh 

. cll ,1 a,„l „■,. rcsorv,. th,. rk;htto ,vith,lm,v IVo,,. thU 
or.an,.,,lu.n, „h..„ it shall s...,,, .,..,,t t„ „„, „ , ^ 

The l!„ive,'.sali.st Society slill retains its „a,„o 
."his ,ts annual „,ee,i„.s,an.lHcen.s in „o .lan-^e,- 
ng ; ,„t pnu-tieall, it is n,e,-,..,l in th.. Luiou ,.; is 
«".l that |.ansh, u,Mte,l as it is i„ faith an.I feolin./ 
-u.n. a n..st elass eluMch, with all the uee.lful U 

sustan e,l l,.v many of our moral, intelligent, wealth, 
an. .nlluential oitizeus, n.ust long .e.nair, a powe :' i 

.1 blessinnr on the St. (;,(,ix. 






^ 



K .1 



IfiO 



SHIPPING. 



XXII. 

SIIIPPINO. 

Cahiirt and St. Stephen are located on the opposite 
banks of the St. Croix liver, at the heail of tlie tide, 
about twelve miles from that magnificent arm of the 
ocean, St. Andrews Bay. The river has bold and 
picturesque shores, and varies in width from fifty rods 
to two hundred. The tide rises and falls twenty-six 
feet, making the river navigable for large vessels, twice 
in everv twentv four hours. At low water, however, 
the river appears like a shallow stream running through 
a wide and deep valley. The bed of the rivC'*, made 
soft by vast accumulations of mud and sawdust, per- 
mits vessels of any size to ground without injury. 

The principal export from Calais an<l St. Stephen 
has ever been lumber. The St. Croix is an easy path 
to the ocean, and for bulky and heavy merchandi;;3, the 
ocean road is ever the cheapest wa^' to market. Hence, 
from the first, the lumbermen liave required and emploj-^- 
ed a large number of vessels ; and on account of both 
the size of the river, and the small cargoes desired by 
western purchasers, in the coasting line small vessels 
have generally been preferred. So long as the shippers 
of lumber were cramped for means, the freighting was 
dono! by vessels owned in St. Andrews, St. John, Port- 






SHIPPING. 



161 



land, Boston, and elsewhere ; but at an early day, the 
thrifty operators in the forest resolved to build, own 
and manage vessels in which to export their manufac- 
tures. On experiment, this was found to be good poli- 
cy ; and it was ultimately adopted by all who possessed 
the means. Seventy-five years ago the registry of new 
vessels was not attended to so faithfully, at least in 
this part of the country, as at present ; but the follow- 
ing is deemed reliable so far as it goes : 

In 1797, tradition reports a vessel built in St. 
Stephen, Alexander Gordon, and sold to Smith & Rob- 
inson, of St. John. If the story is correct, this was the 
first vessel Uiunched into the river above St. Andrews. 
In 1799 and 1800, the schooner Atme was built in St. 
Stephen, for Joseph Porter. In 1803, Jarius Keene 
built for an Eastport company, the schooner Liberty, on 
Kilburn's Point, Calais. This was the first one launch- 
ed in Calais. About thistime,the brig uEolus was built 
in St. Stephen, for Abner Hill and Aaron Upton ; and 
the schooner Boynf, in Calais, for Shubael Downes. 
Probably other vessels were built on each side of the 
river, previous to 1812, but I have not been able to find 
their names or owners. The war came ; business was 
suspended ; hard times followed ; and we hear no more 
of ship-building until 1818. In that year, Jarius Keene 
built the schooner Uiiity, in St. Stephen. He also built 
in Calais, in 1820, the schooner Boston, and in 1823, 
the Calai^ Packet, 

For a few years, c jmmencing perhaps about 1818, 
ship-building in St. Stephen was brisk and profitable, and 
quite a nunibei of vessels were launched. Among the 
master-builders were David P^astman and a Mr. God- 
frey from Steuben, Me. ; and among the owners were 




I 



. 









Kl-i 



SHIPPINC;. 



William Porter and the Messrs. Cl.irk. Tiie Fingal and 
Wm. PTaZ/ace, the barque C/f-qpaint, aiid thoship/Zerome, — 
the first ship ever built in town, — were successfully 
I.'iuiiched. Hut in 1823-4, in consequence of the strin- 
gent money market and linancial panic in Europe, the 
ship-hnilding business became so nnprotitable that work 
in the yards entirely ceased, and several half-built ves- 
sels in St. Stephen, were abandoned and left to rot on 
the stocks. Hut the depression did not I ast long ; the 
world needs a larjije fleet ; and soon, the carpenters were 
auain busilv at work. 

In IJS'jr), Sarins Keen built h\Vr^Zi\yporah'M\(\ schoon- 
er Sarah^ in Calais, and brig Kczuth, in St. Stephen ; 
and the same year, (). P. Hinds built in St. Stephen, 
for ,Iani<'s Frink, the schooner Henry. The next year, 
Mr. I linds took down two of the rotting hulks, and work- 
ed over a })art of their materi:;l into the two new brigs, 
Mary Porter i\\\{\ Pilgrim. In 1827, Mr. Hinds also 
l)uilt in St. Stephen, barque Cereus and i)ilot boat John 
(Jampbdl. In lS2i), Mr. Keene luiilt in Calais, the 
schooner li'sohUioJi ; and jMr. Hinds l)uilt in St. Stephen, 
the ])rig Stiinjison. After this, the names of some of the 
vessels built, were, brig Royal Williain., St. Stephen, 
lrS;}(); \)\''\^s. Eliza Ann, Ni'honidh, Jhstcr and Sir John 
Moore, St. Stephen, 1H;J2: schooner (jov. Hobbins.^ Cal- 
ais, l.s.S,*} ; schooner ra/-iio/^ Calais. 183;'); and soon 
!ifter, schooner Frecport^ brig ihhe and banpie Stephen. 
Consideral)le building has been going on ever since; 
but for the names and dates, the rcider nmst consult 
the Custom House records. 

The following statement of the shipping interests 
in Calais, for 1874, does not materially ditfer from the 
average amnial business of the [)ast Ave years. One 



SHiriMN(J 



W6 



hundred and sc/ontv-six vt-ssels are owned in, or liail 
from Calais, and some tvventy-Hve, from St. Stephen. 
Dnring 1874, the river vvaHO}x'n for navigation,. SOU (hiys. 
Arrivals in Calais, 11()1); elearanees, 1177. Vessels 
built, 12, having a hurthen of 2();J1) tons. Vessels re- 
paired at doeks an<l railways, 2*22. Exports as follows : 
long lumber, 78,()()0.(M)() feet; laths, r)4,()0(),()0() ; shin- 
des, 3o,()()(),()(M);i)ickets, 1,500,000; spool stuff, lUi,- 



000; staves, 525,000; elapboanls, l;)5,00(); i)osts and 
R. R. ties, 41,000; ship knees, 00,000; s})ruc(' i)oles, 
1450 ; cords of w^ood,450 ; stone drags, 101 ; bedsteads, 
71)0 ; barrels of plaster, 41,000. ImjKjrts as follows: 
bushels of corn, 150,000 ; barrels of Hour, 28,000 ; bar- 
rels of pork and beef, 3300 ; tons of coal, .3000 ; casks 
of lime, 6,100. 

The St. Stephen people are part owners of many 
Calais vessels, and their eonmierce is largely done un- 



0"V' 



<ler the American flag. Much of their lumber is ship- 
ped from the port of Calais, and is therefore included in 
the above manifest. There are however about sixty 
arrivals and clearances in a year ; the trade l»eing main- 
h' with Euroi)e and the West Indies. The value of the 
annual exports is about 8500,000; im])orts, S400,000. 
The balance is invariably in favor of both St. Stephen 
and Calais ; and hence they are growing in wealth. 

It was long the fond hope and dream of St. An- 
drews that, aided by railwa\' acconmiodation, her har- 
bor would eventually become the main sea-port for ail 
British North America ; but the thrift and growth of the 
up-river towns, long ago dissipated that pleasant illu- 
sion. Invariably the inward bound shii» seeks the head 
of the tide ; and her sails are not furled until shoal wa- 
ter or rapids forbid her progress. The port of Calais 



■r^ 



«m' 



104 



SHIPPING. 



and St. Sto[)hen is the natural, maritime outlet and in- 
let of a large and ricli part of Maine arid Nt ♦' Bruns- 
wick, and through it there must ever flow a large a- 
mount of commerce ; and when inland, niilway communi- 
cation is perfected, and numerous factories utilize the 
immense water power of the St. Croix, here will arise 
the queen city of the East. 



II 4 









BllIDGES. 



IGi) 



xxin. 



BRIDGES. 

The first bridoje that spannv^d the St. Croix rivor, 
was made of ice. For thousands of years, a solid struct- 
ure of this material was stretched from shore to shore 
ever}' Autumn, and broken up and carried away every 
Spring. In Sunnner the Red men crossed the water in 
birch bark canoes, and the early white settlers, in more 
substantial l)oats. As the white population and need of 
transit increased, the boats became more an;l more nu- 
merous, until regular ferries were established. The ferry 
at Milltown was run by Jesse Hancock, and the one at 
Calais by Isaac Hanson. Neither of them, at any time 
were large enough to carry teams. 

At an early day, the date not remembered, a wood- 
en bridge was thrown across the river at Baring, and 
those who wished to drive from Calais to St. Ste[)hen 
were obliged to go through Baring ; driving eight miles 
to reach a point only half a mile distant. 

At length tired of this round about way, in 1825, 
the upper n'idge at Milltown was built by Amaziah 
Nash for a Corporation that embraced himself, Salmon 
Gates, Da^id Wright, Joel Hill, Abner Hill and others. 
It was not an elegant structure, but it was safe and con- 
venient ; and gr-eat was the public joy at its opening. 
From the first, it has been a paying investment. 



lOG 



BRIDGES. 



Stimulated ]»y this success, in 1^27, the Fern 
Point hn(l«re, the lowest on the river, was huilt by ('apt. 
Seth Emerson for a Company eomj)risinji: himseir. .lo- 
Reph Whitney, (ieo. Downes, Nehemiah Marks. Hol)ert 
Lindsay and otliers. Mr. Kmerson lias kept it in ex- 
cellent repair I'rom that time to the present day : and it 
is now a handsome and substantial structure. A very 
large amount of travel i)asses oxer it. and hence it pays 
a large dividend to the owners. 

The lower l)ridge at Milltown and the Tnion Mills 
bridge were l)uilt about thirty years ago, mainly for the 
accommodation of the mill owners in these localities. 
Neither of the four bridges are free ; and so long as the 
vSt. Croix is the boundary of two Governments, it is not 
probable that either bridge will be made free. 



r<» 









MTEUATl KE. 



167 



XXIV. 

LITERATURE, 

Tlie wisdom of the wise, and the knovvledujc of the 
learned are ju'eserved in l)ooks. K(Uication is obtained 
nuiinlv hv readinyr. In any society, the more sek'ct 
readin*^, the higher the tone and enltnre. At an early 
day these facts were perceived and acted upon by the 
wide-awake i)eople of Calais and St. Stephen. 

A society called the ' 'Calais Club" was organized 
in Calais, Apr. 4, 1827, by A. G. Clari.'ler, Geo. 
Dow lies, N. I). Shaw, (). L. Bridges, Theocore Jones, 
T. A. Brewer, Henry Richards and J. S. Cooper. Its 
object was to establish and maintain a })iiblic libraiy. 
The price of admission to the Club was five dollars ; and 
the annual tax, live dollars. A room in the second story 
of a building on Union Wharf, was engaged and fitted 
for use, thirty or forty more persons joined the Club, 
books were bought and donated, and the library went 
into oi)eration. In the course of two or three years, 
most of the prominent citizens on each side of the river 
were admitted as members, several hundred volumes 
were placed on the shelves, and the institution declared 
a success. The records indicate that the members were 
negligent a])out returning books and paj'ing fines ; but 
there was a large amount of profitable reading. 



168 



LITKRATURE. 



In May, 1833, tlif orjjfanizsition was leoallv incor- 
porated as tho ''Calais ^ihrary Chil)." The aamission 
fee was raised to eijiht lollars, and the annual tax re- 
duced to four. Fifty-two persons hecanu' members un- 
der the new regime. Lewis Wilson was chosen Presi- 
dent ; LuthurC. White, Secretary; Dr. S. S. Wiiipple, 
Manly B, Townsend and James S. l*ike. Directors. 
The library was open one afternoon in each week, and 
at times there were exciting scrambles for some favor- 
ite book. Hut on this basis, with occasional ups and 
downs, the Club continued to enjoy a fair share of 
prosperity until 1868, whe!i it being in debt, and 
some of the members desiring to dissolve the Company, 
a suit was brought against it, and the entire stock of 
books sold at auction. This was done to open the way 
for a new and better organization. Immediately a new 
Company was formed, called the "St. Croix Library 
Association ;" a subscrii)tion was made of over $500, 
the books bought at the same low price for which they 
were sold, and the institution reopened on a more hope- 
ful basis than before. The admission fee was now fix- 
ed at ten dollars, and the annual tax at four. The Li- 
brary was open one afternoon in a week. 

In the great fire of 1870, the building in which the 
Library was kept, was burned, and man}' of the books 
were destroj'ed. But two jears after, the institution 
again went into operation. A room was hired in St. 
Croix hall, and by the generosity of F. H. Todd and 
F. A. Pike, supi)lied with nice and commodius tables 
and shelves ; many new books were purchased with the 
money received for insurance on the volumes burned ; 
the annual subscription was reduced to two dollars, and 
the public placed on about an equal footing with stock- 



MTKKATUKK 



1 <;<« 



holders, and a librarian sotMircd for ovorv artornoon in 
the wi'ok except Snnday. Tlie Library is now in a mon' 
healtliy and prosperons condition than ever before. It 
owns over '2f'>(H) Itooks.and has 11)0 sni)scrib(>rs : and the 
nnniber of both i)ooks and readers is steadily increasin<jj. 
There are at present some seventy resident stockholders 
and as the nunilter is slowly diininishinu;, and as there 
is little in(lucenien,t for any one to pnrchase stock, it is 
probable that the city eventually 1)V appropriatinj; one 
ortwohundred dollars amnially, will assume its mana«»('- 
nient and secure its i)ermanent prosperity. The oflicers 
for the current year are Ed^ir Whiihlen, President ; K. 
A. Pike, Vice President; iM-ank Williams, Treasurer: 
Kdward Moore, CUerk ; Jul! i Kimball, Lii»rarian ; K. H. 
Ilarvev, W. J. Corthell, C. li. bounds, A. L.Todd, (i. 
T. Porter, Wm. Todd, L. C . Bailey, Directors. 

Cultured by choice and extensive reading, stinuj- 
lated by the bracing air, and insi)ired by the wild and 
romantic scenes and scenerv of this north-eastern conn- 
try, many of our citizens have evinced a decided liter- 
ary taste, and several have won an enviable reputation 
as authors. In fact, few places of the same size can 



'lle( 



d 



)plt 



(1 



d)I< 



boast so many i 
ers. 

Conspicuous among the best, is the amiable and 
thoughtful Mrs. F. A. Pike, daughter of the late Dea. 
E. I), (ireen of Calais. Her lirst book, "Ida May," 
had an extensive sale and millions of delighted readers. 
Its intiuence and popularity may be inferred from the 

fact, that hundreds of daughters, since its publication, 

have been christened, for its sweet heroine, — Ida May. 

Her next l)ook, ''•Caste," though equally well written 



T^ 



170 



IJTKUATITKE. 




ii 




. • 



and sirtiHticnlly of a lii<j;h(>r order, yet lK'in<i: sm anti- 
slavorv storv and laiincluMl in the wake of "lint'le Tom's 
Cabin," was not HO well n^'oiviMl. Ilcr third volunu' 
was AfjjncH ; a i)l('aHant story. Since its publication, 
thouj^ii occasionally vvritingan article for the niajijazinos, 
Mrs. Pike has exchanj^ed the pen for the pencil and 
brush, and is doing very fine work as a landscape-paint- 
er. 

The brilliant Harriet Prescott was also a luitive of 
Calais ; lier mother beinjj: Ji sister of that able attorney, 
O. L. Bridges, Ks(j. She remained here till imbued 
with tlie romantic spirit of the i)lace, and then at the 
age of ten, moved to Newbury})ort, Mass., where she 
married Mr. Spotford. She began to attract public 
notice as an authoress by her arabescjue and witching 
stories in the "Atlantic" magazine. She has since pub- 
lished several much read volumes, and is still writing 
in the full tide of popularity. Among her interesting 
volumes are, ''Amber (iods," "'Sir Rohan's (Jliost," "A 
Thief in the Night," and '*Azania." Her sister, Mary 
N. Prescott, also a native of Calais, is the writer of 
many pretty stories in "'Our Young Folks" and other 
jnonthlies. 

J. S. Pike, Kscj., another native of Calais, is wide- 
ly known as a racy corresijondent of the New York 
Tribune. lie has recently })ublished a book, — ''The 
Prostrate State," and although largely engaged in fi- 
nancial affairs, he still finds time to use his facile and 
pungent pen. 

Hon. J. G. Stevens of St. Stephen has edited and 
published two volumes of agricultural reports, and an 
able and highly prized "Digest of New Brunswick Law 
Reports," and his pen is still busy. 



v..,,!'::;^,''- ?''^'''''- '•••''''■•"■''- «•■'»'■-'- 

. p . ., ..,,.,v l,,,ok« fi,,. ,.|,il,ln.,,. Mrs. I!. ,.■. K..|. 
y of („ „ s |,,„„„ .,,.,,„i,i,„|y h,.,„„m,| ,,i,„„...s , r 

••' «•!< ..UK ,t on,ilh.,loj,i„, a„.l ta.xi,l..n„i.s,. I,„h ' 

: 7""1'"' "'"--■— "-all tiK. nativ.: J.,, J 

'"'•<"..v l„t,„.,. ,„,. (|K.ir nativ tow,'. ** ' 



^ 






172 



IIKNKVOLKNT SOCIKTrKS. 



4 



s. 
», 




XXV. 

liKNFA'OLKNT SnC FF/riES. 

\\u\\\fv\\vv is coimnon in every Iniul. Kxtrnvu- 
f^nnee, idleness, inteinpersmee, ignoranee and \vejil\nesH, 
are eontinnaliy inannfaetnrinfjf pauperism. Hut poverty 
is not wholly a enrse. Instead, it exeites i)ity and 
stininlates eliarity ; an«l charity is m-eater than lalth or 
hope. The poor in Calais have never been more nu- 
merous than in other towns of the same size ; but the 
number of the benevolent and the extent of their <^ener- 
osity have for many years been above the eoonnon aver- 
age of even New Kn<;land Towns. A lumbering eom- 
inunity is usually large hearted and generous, and both 
Calais and St. Stephen have often indulged in the lux- 
ury of doing good. 

The Winter of 182H was umisually long and severe, 
and many families sulfered for lack of sufllcient food and 
raiment. It is true, the law conmiands < very town to 
take care of its i)oor ; but there are always manj^ cases 
which the authorities cannot easily reach. Children 
cannot make known their wants, and the sensitive shrink 
from becoming paupers. These facts being known, 
early in 18*28, two benevolent societies sprang into ex- 
istence almost simultaneously, and began their noble 
w^ork, never to cease while there are hearts of tender- 
ness, and poor to assist. 



HKNK V< H.KNT S( M 'I KT I KS. 



\7l\ 



The Ljulics BcnovoUMit Sociotv of Milltown owes 
Its t)rio;iii to Mrs. Salmon (Ijitcs, Mrs. Lewis Wilson, 
Mrs. Niithanicl Luinhc smd others of like sympathetic 
natnre. Its oliject was, "in every way possihle to as- 
sist the snllerin^" |)oor, re<j;anlless of sector nationality." 
(^nit'^ a numher of ladies Joined the Society, means were 
soon procured, and the truly Christian work of helping 
the needy, be^an. Hut a strange and unexpecteil oh- 
sta<^le arose. The poor, insti«^ated by a false and fool- 
ish pride, refuseil to accept the offered assistance! 
They ima<^ined that its reception would somehow de- 
j^rade theni to the rank of '-town charji;es." The ladies 
lujwever coiitiiuuHl to work an<l accimudate funds, and 
do what ji;ood they l dd ; but at len|j;th the interest, 
abated, and the funds of the Society were appropriatecl 
to the purchase of palls to be used at funerals. As 
there was then no hearse in town, these sable coverin<j:s 
of the biiT were very acceptable to the public. The 
Society then, though not dissolved, became dormant. 
In 18.'37, however, it awoke, and b}' the discreet advice 
and assistance of Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Iluckins, again 
went into operation. No obstacles were now in the 
way. Fifty-nine ladies joined the Society, Mrs. Reuben 
Lowell was chosen 1st Directress and retained theoflice 
nineteen years; and without any interruption, this mis- 
sion of mercy has continued its work, doing a vast 
amount of good, to the present time. Mrs. Nathaniel 
Lambe has long been its 1st Directress, and Mrs. Kl- 
well Lowell its Secretary. 

"In March, 1828," as we learn frotn Mrs. C. R. 
Whidden's excellent annual report for 1874, "a number 
of ladies met in the hall owned by Jones Dyer, Escj., 
and formed themselves into the Ladies Benevolent So- 



174 



UKN KVOLKNT S* )< I KTI KS. 



c'iety ofCiiiais." The cronsVilution thou adopted con- 
taining thirt(H;n brief articles, which remain unchanged 
to the present time, states that "'the object o. this Soci- 
ety sliall be to assist the poor, and particularly the sick, 
and those unable to labor." Mrs. Oeorge Downes wiis 
chosen 1st Directress, and Mis. Samuel Barker, Secre- 
tary ; and both of these ladies are still active members 
of the Society. During its existence the Society has 
collected and distributed at least S>^0()0 in food, raiment, 
medicine, and such other things as the poor need, 
currying its donations into every part of the city, and 
to hundreds of families. "■Children have been provided 
with clothing and sent to school ; homes have been pro- 
vided for fatherless little ones ; and aged people have 
for many long 3'ears received such comforts as they 
could obtain in no other way," The popularity, means 
and benevolent work of this Society have for several 
years been steadily increasing, and its future promises 
to be even more blessed than its past. 

''Its present ollicers are, 1st Directress, Mrs. Jones 
Haycock; 2nd Direct'ess, Mrs. F. A. IMke ; Treasurer, 
Mrs. 1). B. Bariuu'd ; Secretary, Mrs. George King; 
Distril)uting Committee, INIrs. K. A. Barnard, Mrs. G. 
D. King, Mrs. C. 11. Whid len, Mrs. L. 1). Sawyer, Mrs. 
Chnrles Lord, Mrs. O. B. Hideout." 



KAILWAYS. 



17:. 



XXVI. 

Ji AIL WAYS. 

To ohviate tlio (lifliciilties and save some part (»f 
the cxjKMiso of transporting lumbor from Milltown to 
tho wharves from whence it was shipped, in 1«."J2, the 
Cahiis Railway Compan}', viz: — Wm. Delesdernier, 
Jones Dyer, (ieo. Downes, and O. S. Hridges, on peti- 
tion, received from the Legislature of Maine, a Clnirter 
empowering them to bnild and hold a railway from Ctd- 
ais to Milltown. It gave them three years to eompUle 
the road, and required them to transport lumber from 
the mills to the wharves for fifty cents per thousand 
feet, board measure. 

The thre ' years passed, and nothing was done. 
But in 1830, the Legislature renewed the Charter, grant- 
ed three more years time, and added Neal I). Shaw, 
Luther Brackett and Seth Emerson to the Comi)aMy. 
The (inancial crash of 183<j came, and the work of con- 
struction went on slowly. In 1837, the road was grad- 
ed, but no rails laid. The next year, the Charter was 
again renewed and further time granted. Jn 1831). the 
road was complete*!, and freight cars drawn by horses 
commenced running. But it was soon evident that the 
road did not pay its running expenses. It was not 
well patronized nor well managed ; and after the dis- 
couraging experience of two years of failure, the Com- 



^^ 



170 



KAILWAVS. 



pany suspcndcMl oponitions, an<l tlie .sickly cont'oni was 
allowed to (lie. 

A few years al'ter, Iloiatio X. IIlll anil J<;lni Por- 
ter orijiinaled the idea of a steam railway from Calais 
to Harinu;. Klaltorate calcnlalioiis and ariinments were 
made, a eompany was formed, and alter loiiij; and te- 
dious negotiations, the new Com|)any. in 1«4S, purehas- 
ed the Calais an<l Milltown railway for the small sum of 
$1000. duly •2;^ 1841), the Leoislatnre gave a Charter 
empowering the Calais and IJaring Rairoad Company 
to hold propeity to the amonnt of $200,000, and to 
bnild and run a railway from "Vanee's Boom to Burnt 
Point." In Xoveujher of the same year, (Jeo. M. Por 
ter, II. N. Hill, F. C. Swan, Levi L. Lowell, and S. R. 
Ilanseoml), wer<! ehosen Directors, and the last name(l 
gentlcnum, Treasurer. Immediately i 00. 000 worth 
of bonds were issued, and thouiih the people of Calais 
refused to invest in the speculation, the building- of the 
road was put under contract. During the next year, 
the rails were laid, i)latform cars l)uilt, two second hand 
locomotives were imported from Massachusetts, costing 
only Sr>00 apiece ; and in the Spring of l<s')l, the steam 
whistle was hc.<rd and regular trains began running. 
The wish and hope of the pa.-jt nineteen years were re- 
alized, audthenjanagers were gieatly elated. Andju-'t- 
ly. At the end of the lirst half year, a dividend of six 
per cent, was tleclared. Since then the road has ever 
promptly paid its bills, and earned on an average about 
ten per cent, per annum on its cost. 

About this time Messrs. Wns. Todd. E. C. Gates, 
F. A. Pike, T. d. Copeland, \Vm. Duren. an<l other ac- 
tive business men formed a Company and bailt the 
Levvy's Island R.K,, connecting with the C. & B, luad 



KAII.WAVS. 



1 



i I 



at Baring. This road, tlioiigh a great convenience, 
was not a financia! succesy. The ('ity of Calaia had a 
mortgage of it forahout $1')0,00(), and it could do lit- 
tle more than pay tlu' interest. Moreover, the mana- 
gers of the two roads could never agree on the price of 

transportation. 

In l«f)9, after y»'ars of fruitless bargaining, the 
C. &. B. R.H. Co. '"nchascMl the Lewy's Island road, 
for $140,000, agreeing to pay annually SaOOO and the 
interest; which it h;is ever since promptly done. 

In 1870, the name was changed to St. Croix and 
Penobscot Railroad, and ho[)es are entertained that at 
no distant da\' it will be extended to the mouth of the 
Piscata(piis river, and thus l)ring Calais and Bangor 
within five hoyrs of cmcIi other. Under the skilful su- 
perintendence of VV. \V. Sawyer, the road is now doing a 
fair amount of busiiie>s. 

St. Stkfukm Biianch Raii/.vay. 

In 18C4, on petition, the St. Stephen Branch Rail- 
way Company, received from the Provinc-ial Parliament 
of New Brunswick, a bonus of $10,000 a mile to assist in 
building a railway from St. Stei)hen to some point on 
the St. Andrews and Canada Railway. The route t(» 
Watt's Junction was selected and the construction com- 
menced. Jan. 2, 1867 througii freight and passenger 
train's began running. The next year the road was 
leased to the St. A. & C. R. Co. The following year, 
18Gi), the two roads were consolidated. In 1872, by 
act of Parliament, both roads were put in the hands of 
a new Company, and received the name of the New 
Brunswiv'k and Cana<la Railway. Its termini are St. 
Andrews, St. Stepheii, Woodstock and Iloulton, As 
it runs mainly through uninhabited lands, it is not a 
road of large dividemls. When however, as is contem- 
plate<l, its cars shall run into Calais, and penetrate into 
the heart of Aroostook county, and connect witli the 
Riviere l)e Loup Railway at Woodsto(;k, it will without 
doubt become good paying property. 



178 



ROMAN CATHOLIC. 



XXVII. 

ROMAN (CATHOLIC. 

CHURCH Ol- THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, ST. STEPHEN. 

It is the mauifost <\nt\ of every legityjiate successor 
ol St. r^ter, f'jiitiiriilly to teed all the sheep and lambs 
of the fold ; and the Catholic cleri2:v are seldom derelict 
to this duty. I'revious to 1>S30, the fe\^ Catholics of 
SI. Slei)lu'n and vicinity sought their spiritual instruc- 
tion and consolation in St. Andrews ; but about that 
date, Rev. John Cummings, a [)riest residing in the last 
named town, began to make occasional missionary trips 
up river. As the religious interest and the number of 
connnunicants gradually increased, he made more fre- 
quent visits until 1838, when he moved to St. Stephen 
and devoted all his time to the people of his faith in 
this region. A small church was built on the site where 
the newer and larger one now stands ; and here he offici- 
ated for eleven years. 

In 1849, he retired, and Rev. M. A. Wallace be- 
came pastor. His successors were, in 1853. Rev. Thom- 
as Connollay ; in 1854, Rev. James Qiiinn ; in 1862, Rey. 
A. J. Dnnphy ; and in 18G7, Rev. James Quinn again, 
who still remains, a zealous, faithful and beloved father. 

Tlie present, large, handsome and pleasantly loca- 
ted church edilice was erected in 1865. A few years pre- 
vious, u small chapel had been built in the lower village ; 



ROMAN CATHOLIC. 



179 



and in each placo a .service is held and mass said, every 

Sunday. 

In common with many of his l)rethren. Father 
C^ninn is opposed to mixed scliools, unless the elements 
are mainly Catholic. Hence, in connection with his 
ciuu'ches he has established two excellent schools (or 
the benefit of Catholic children ami any others that 
wish to attend. Connected also with his [)urish, is a 
large and llonrishin<i "Total Abstinence Temperance 
Society" that holds frequent meetings and does mucli 
good. 

The parish comprises a large area of territory, and 
is supposed to contain at least 500 adults and 1 000 chil- 
dren ; and like all Catholic institutions in this country, 
it is steadilv growing. 

The Church of the Immaculate Conception in Cal- 
ais, though bearing the same name, is y(Minger and 
smaller than her sister in St. Ste[)hen. It was started 
al)out l^<50, by the Jesuits, prominent among whom ^/as 
the gentlemanly, faithful and talented Rev.. John Bapts, 
S. J. Soon after the town l^^came a city in IH.")!, the 
Church purchased the old Townhouse, and fitted it up 
as a i)lace of worship ; and here the Sunday services 
have ever since been held. The [nistors have been Rev. 
Messrs. INIurphy, Durnin and Conlon, who is the pres- 
ent incumbent. In 1<S73, the Church bought an excel- 
lent lot of land on tlie corner of AVashington St., and 
Church Avenue, where a meeting-house ade(iuate to the 
needs of the parish, is soon to be erected. 

The Catholics in Calais have the honor of sustain- 
ing the only Tem[)erance Society in the city. It is call 
ed the ''Cahiis Catliolic l.jstitute." It m^^ets every 
week and is doing a large amount of good. 



\H() 



I'UKSHYTKUIAN (^IlUUril. SI. STKFUKN. 




XXVIII. 

PJifJSByTElilAN CHURCIL—ST. tiTKrilKN. 

The brave old Scotcli Kirk \vitli iiidoinitaMe John 
Knox as its briiiht, particnhir star, couipclsthe achnira- 
tioii of every reader of its liistorv. In tenacity, patient 
perseverance, heroism and piety, no other Ecek^siastieal 
body has been its superior. And into whatever i)art of 
the earth its members have mi<i:rated, they have inva- 
riably carried wiih tliem their relijjious })rineiples and 
stamina. As many of them eame to New Brunswick 
at an early date, no history of the Colony can be written 
without frequent allusions to them. Presbyterianism is 
the state religion of Scotland as Episcopalianism is the 
state religion of England. Presbyterians therefore are 
not in a legal sense, Dis- ^tiiiters ; and hence when they 
came to America the}' had rights and privileges as a 
('hurch, which the Home (iovernment was bound to 
respect and defend. 

A considerable number of the earlv settlers of St. 
Stephen were members of this Church, and retained in 
their new home the warm attachment for their religion 
which they had formed in their Fnther-land. Early in 
the I9th century Rev. Duncan M'Coi': occasionally preach- 
ed to those residing on Scotch Ridge, in their own Gae- 
lic language ; but they earnestly desired and eventuall}' 
obtained a minister of their own denomination. Their 



PUESIJYTKinAN' rilUUCIT, ST. STKriIKN. 



181 



to 



1st. 

in 

lion 

in 



lae- 



iQ\Y 



Kirk is in tho parish of St. Jamos, aiul an account ol' it 
<lof s not tliorof(jrc properly lu'loti*:: to those Aimals. 

The Prcshytcrians of St. Stcplu-n wore loss fortu- 
nate. They Iiad oceiisional preaching:, and several at- 
temi)ts wer<' made to erect a nieetin<jj-house, hut with- 
out success. At lenp;lh, some time previous to 1H4(), 
l»y tlie efforts of a few leadinjjj men, the frame of a 
(ihurch was put up on the iuiposin<r site now occui)ied 
by the handsome residence of C. B. Eaton, Ks(j. ; but 
the funds necessary to complete the struct uie could not 
be obtained ; and after years of exposure to the i)itiless 
si:orms of Sunnner and Winter, the incipient edifice 
went to ruin. 

In the Autunm of 1810, Kev. Andrew Stevens 
from Scotland, — a brother of the i)resent Judge Stev- 
ens, — in the capacity of a missionar}' from the estab- 
lished Church of his native land, l)egan to preach a por- 
tion of his time in St. Stephen. The first service was 
held in the old, Methodist building, and a large con- 
gregation gave him a hearty and joyful welcome. In 
1843, Rev. INIr. Stevens received and accepted the for- 
mal invitation to become the pastor of the Presbyte- 
rians in St. Stephen and St. James; dividing his time 
between the two places. 

About this time, it being evident to all that the 
building used as a place of worship was inconvenient, 
unpleasant and not suitable for the purpose, the feeling 
was renewed and fresh enthusiasm aroused to build a 
meeting-house. Accordingly, for that purpose, the 
Presbyterians and others friendly to the undertaking, 
united in a Society of which Mrs. Stevens, mother of 
Rev. A. Stevens, was the President and leading spirit. 
The plan succeeded. A successful ladies' Bazaar was 



T"^ 



1H2 



I'HKSUVTKUIAN CIIURCII, — ST. STKIMIKN. 



hold, — !i ncnolty in Ihosi' days, — subscriptions were 
raised and the dnirch erected, liev. Dr. Irvine (or- 
nierlyofSt. John, M. IJ., did nnich to slinnihite the ex- 
ertions of tlie people. 

In January, l'"^'")'-^, at a full meet inj^' of the congre- 
gation convened Tor that purpos<' in tlic new church, 
J. (J. Stevens, Es(i.. was made the recipient of a valu- 
able gohl watcii, presente(l to him l)y the Society as a 
token of its api)reciation and esteem for his wise coun- 
sels and generous contributions in building the meeting- 
house. 

Among the influential men in tiie enterprise, were 
Aaron Upton, Alexanck-r Campbell, now a i)iomlnent 
lawyer in San Francisco, Sanuiel McClowan, Mr. iMur- 
dock, John Cam])bell, Kobert Clark and his brothers, 
John and Francis Courtney, Thomas Laughlin. ('aj)t. 
Ilutton, Samuel and William (Jilmor, William Owen 
and brothers. Dr. Dugald Blair, and thv present Judge 
Stevens who from then till now has been the main i)illar 
and stay of the Church and a prominent member of the 
denomination in the Province. 

In l<sr)4, Rev. William Elder, no\A editor of the St. 
John Daily Telc(jra]ih, became pastor, and i)erformed 
the duties of that olllce acceptably for nine years. Dur- 
ing his pastorate and mainly through his exertions, the 
present church edifice was erected. After its coni[)le- 
tioii, the old church was s<;ld, and has since been 
burned. Also during Mr. Elder's ministry, John Court- 
ney, Duncan Stuart, Rol)ert Clark and J. (i. Stevens 
were elected and ordained as Elders, of the St. Stephen 
Church. 

In 1X(;;> or -1, Rev. Robert iMoo(lie became pastor, 
but K tained the situation only a short time. In ISO'), 



H.'v I',.,,.,- M. M„n-iso„ hoonn,,. ,,,,sto,.. ACI..,. |,is ,vs 
In ,l,«-(n,„.. IVsLvtcrians ,„1„,„ „„. w..s(,„i„stc.r 

-';'^';'-v"'-™.-e •H.i,™:::^,,, ;, ;;:';:;:r 

I>. .-gates lVo,„ ,sov..,.al I'.o.l.v.ories c.„ns,i,„„. a ,Sv J V 
an,. ,,. ..,.„o« ,Von, seve,-al .Sj-nods ,o„„ ,„e ^, j 



lower to the liiohcr of those C 
justerl, and by tlieir eoncu,Te,it"a^ion 



ourts, (lilllciilt 



It's are ad- 



tlie Chiireh 



ed to 1)0 in aeeord 



IS carried on. Tlie 



tlie great work of 
arrangement is supjws- 



Ow 



'Hiee with Apostoliealusao-e 



H!nga handsome elnn-eh 



wealth and worth, tlie Presl 



and l)(Mng people of 



have before tl^em a bright ancfh 



nterians of St. 8te])h( 



n 



'ippy future. 






^^ 



184 



MILLS. 



xxrx. 



MILLS. 

Tlio rich forests lured the palo faced people to the 
St. Croix valley. The noble trees have fiirnisluMl the 
means of siihsistence to nearly all the citizens of Calais 
and St. Stephen. Bnt to render tlieir huj^c trunks mar- 
ketable, it was necessary to manufacture tlunn into tim- 
ber, deal, Joist, boards and laths; and hence, saw-mills 
were indispensable. These facts were perceived and 
acted u[)on at an early day. 

Ai)ont 1780, Daniel Hill, Jeremiah Frost, and Ja- 
cob Libbey built a small, rude mill, on Porter's Stream, 
near its mouth. This was the lirst saw-mill. It was 
supplied with logs from trees growing near the stream, 
cut and rolled in, without the aid of a team. Here the 
first boards were sawed, and here the graat business of 
the place l)egan. 

About 178.5, Wm. Moore built a saw-mill and 
grist-mill, in the parish of St. David, at the j)lace ever 
since called '"Moore's Mills." These mills, often re- 
built or reprired, are still running, and jjartly owned.])y 
his thrifty descendants. There is also at the i)resent 
time, machinery for carding wool and making shingles 
and turning, on the same dam. 

In 178J) or 1)0, Henry Goldsmith erected a grist- 
mill and saw-mill on the Waaweig river ; and thither 
the farmers of St. Stephen and St. George carried their 
grain to be ground. 

Not long after, Danid Hill's mill having been swept 
away by a great freshet, another mill was erected by 
Peter Christie, Joseph Porter and others, on the same 



MII-LS. 



18') 



Rtn'Jitu Mini lu'jir tlic silo ol'llu' tirst ojm'. This wns nm 
pi'nlit.'ilily loi' niiiiis N«'.'irs. 

The Hist mill on tlir in:iin r'w'V, wns l)iiilt nt Mill- 
town, Jihoiit the iK'uiiniiim" of the pii'soiit ('ciiliiiv, l\v 
AInHT ilill, IV'tcr Christii' and others. On its compk'- 
tion, it wMs found to iro so swiftly and sti'on<rlv tlnil it 
WMs christened the "nrisk Mill." It stood on the 
Ainerie.'in side of the river ;!ind a mil' hearinu' the same 



name 



^till 



saws hrisKlN o 



n the 



old 



<ite 



'he Wasliinu:- 



ton mills were hnilt soon after, on the sa'iie dam. In 
1)^0'). a mill was erected at Harinuj, l»y Daniel Hhodes 
and Maltiah Lane, for W(n. \'ance, Ks(|. ; and soon af- 
tei\ other mills werelmilt at snch places on tlu' ri\er as 
Si'emed most comenient for tlu' Inmlternien. 

These mills run well, and it was easy to procure 
lo<i^s for them : hut it was veiy didicult to lict the manu- 
factui'ed lumlier to tide water. Halls couM not l»e lun 
down Sjilmon Falls without breakinu, and the roads in 
Summer weiv almost impassihie for a loaded team. In 
this emer<i('ncy. a sluice from the mills to tlii' head of 
the ti<le, was suu'^cstc(l, and aliout l.so."), after much 
talk and correspondence. Maruaret and Susanna Camp- 
bell of Scotland furnishe(l the money, and the sluice 
was built for them, on the St. Stephen side of the river. 
It j)roved so useful and profitable th.'it it has been kej)t 
in operati<jn ever since. It remained the projierty of 
the Campbells until five or six years a<iT). when it was 
sold at auction in St. Andi'cws, and bouuht for a few 
hundred dollars, by C. F. Todd and the Katon Hros.. 
by whom it is still owned. 

Al)()iit the same time, i. e. IJ^O;"), a board sluice 
was also built on the American side of the river. Ironi 
jMilllown to Middle Landinji". It worked well and was 
much used until the rniou mills were built, when, lack- 
in»i: a convenient place to discharge its freig^lit, it ceased 
to be used. 

In 1H24, Capt. Seth F^merson and Amaziah Nash 

built a saw-mill ami urist-mill, for (ireen and Shaw, at 

Ferry Point rapids, near the site of Samuel Hideout's 




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WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 
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MILL8. 



grist-mill. These mills for a loniLi:: time were vnlujiMc 
l)r()i)('rty. 

In lfS2() niid 7, Caj)!. KiiuTsoii Itiiilt for .loscj)!! 
Wliitucy. A. 1*011(1, Jones. Tike and Whipple, at iNIid- 
(Ue Landiiiii', new I'nion \'illa<i:e, the Lafayette mills. 
Thc'V went into operation in the Sprin<»of 1.S27. A few 
years after, these mills were pui'chased and for a time 
sneeessfnily run Ity Messi-s. Henry and Frank Hiehai'ds ; 
l)nt tile fate of tliesc lirothers was sin<;ularly tra<>ie. 
Henry went to India ; and while atli'mptin^" to reach 
Knrope hy tlie over-land route, he was sun-struek and 
partially demented, llis friends carried him to F>n<>;- 
land, and there he soon after died. Frank married a 
dau^l'ter of Kolu'i't (lardiner. Fs(j.. of (iardinei', Mo. 
Several years alter, a daughter of Mr. Richards, while 
bathing or at j)lay, was accidentally di'owned in the 
Kennebec river near her graiKlfather's. The father great- 
ly depressed by this sad bereavement, and perhaps not 
caring to live any longer, subsecpiently lost his life by 
drowning, not far from the spot whei'i' his daughter 
{)erished. Thus these unfoi'tunate brothers passed away. 

Since then, many mills have been built and rebuilt, 
and great imi)rovements have been made in their ma- 
chinery. There are now in Baring, eight gangs, two 
nniles or muleys. (single saws that move very lapidly.) 
four shingle, and six lath, machines ; in Milltown. seven- 
teen gangs, two nuileys, and sevi'iiteen lath machines : 
at the Union, nini' gangs, one muley, nine lath, and 
two shingle, machines; — all in active and profitable 
motion except during the Winter. 



SK("OM> UAl'TIST (iHlUlI. — ( ALAIS. 



1.S7 



XXX. 



2nd fiArriST CHURCH— CALAIS. 

In 1H4(). tlir |)(>i)iil:iti(»ii of ("mImIs was 2I)."M . and 
the nuinhcr stcadilx incrcMsiiiLi-. Tlicrc wcn'only Iwo 
nctive ohnrclu's in tlu- villaiic : and tlicro aijpcnrcd tolx' 
room Tor a lliii'd, .Several of the families I'esidinji' in 
this locality l»nt afliliatinii' with tlie Uaptist Chnreh in 
Milltown. f«'!t the need of a place of worship nearer 
home. IJesides, the Milltown Society seenic(l al>nn- 
dantlv lar<i;e enonuh to swarm aji^ain withont imijairiny, 
Its stability or nsefnlness. 

Aecordinuly after many a loni»' and prayc'rfnl con- 
snltation. and not without some fears and donhts. fifty 
memlters of the parent Chnreh weiv set olf. Dec. '1\). 
1<S41, ajid (>'ganize(l into a Society, called at iii'st the 
"'Calais Villaj.(' Iiai)tist Chnreh ;" lint in 1K.')1 , the name 
was changed to the •'2nd IJaptist Chnreh." The or- 
j>;anization took place in (ioodnow's Hall, a hnildini; 
then standinu" not far from the site now ocianiied l>y 
Kalish's clothin<i: store. Rev. John A. Hagar of East- 
port presidi'd at the Conncil. and delivered the sermon 
for the occasion. Harrison Tweed. Kscp, nowof Tann- 
ton, Mass., was chosen clerk ; Hon. Noah Smith and 
Elijah Stearns. Deacons; Noah Smith, Elijah Stearns, 
E. D. (4reen and Harrison Tweed, Standing" Connnittee ; 
and Rev. E. D. \'ery. Pastor. 

The Chnreh tluis delil»erati'l\ inangni-ated. was 
composed laruelv of intelligent, active and inilnential 
peo[>le, who had migrated to Calais fro'^i Massachnsctts 
and the western part of Maine. At once they Itegan 



188 



FIKST UAPTrST CIIUHCII, CALAIS. 



earnest work. 



Re<riilar 



nieetin<?s on 



Sundnv, and 



Wednesday evcninj^s, were estal)lislied ; and they liave 
continned to the present day without interruption. Of 
tlieoriiiinal nienilK>rs, only Harrison Tweed. Mi's. (iuest, 
Mrs. Sarah Washhurn, Airs. F. A. I*ii\e. Mr. and Mrs. 
Thonuis Johnson an<l a lew <»tliers are now living'; l)nt 
the <»:ood work which tliev inau<!;urated is still sjroin<»;on 
as eai'nestly and successfully as ever. 

(4oodnow's llall. iu which the S(K*iety worshii)[)ed, 
was soon I'oinid to l)e small, inconnnodious and unpleas- 
ant ; and in Maich. 1812, a Coininittee was chosen ''to 
make an elfoi't to huild" a meetinii-hou»ie. The lot of 
land on Main St., where the Methodist church now 
stands, was })urchased forS*2(>0. The corner stone w;[is 
laid in May, I8l;5, and the house deilieated ^vitll ap- 
propriate services, Oct. '2\. 1844. It was the same 
edilice that is now occupied by the JMetluxlist Soiiety as 
a place of worshij) ; and its cost was ahout SaOOO. 

liev. K. D. Very, the lirst pastor was a scholarly, 
ener<i;elic man and an able preacher. 15ut the growth 
of the Church did not meet his expectation, there was 
didiculty in raising the money to pay his salary, he felt 
(lualilied for a larger and more diverse tield of labor, and 
hence in June, 1843, he resigned his pastoral charge 
and soon after left town. Subsequently' he became the 
editor of a religious paper in St. John, N. B., and a 
professor in Acadia College. He eventually perished 
by the swamping of a boat on the coast of Nova Scotia. 

Thus far the growth of the Church had been slow. 
But in March, 184o, Rev. H. V, Dexter, now of Bald- 
winville, Mass., a native of Wyane, Me., a graduate of 
Waterville College and Newton Theological School, 
visited Calais and preached for a tinse in the new meet- 
ing-house. Innnediately o deep religious interest be- 
gan to be manifested ; and it continued through the 
entire Spiing. The Spirit was poured out without 
measure, and many were added to the Church, Thus 
strengthened and encouraged, in May. Mr. Dexter was 
unanimously invited to become the pastor of the Society. 
He accepted ; and the following September he was in- 



FIRST liAPTI.ST CIIl'HL'H, CALAIS. 



180 



stiillod. lieiiiu, !i Ic.'inu'tl. tulcnlcd uinl devoU'd minis- 
ter, prosperity altt'iidcd his entire pMslorMtc. 

Tlic sauic niontli, Sept. LSI'). .lames W, Smith. ;i 
son ()l"Il(tii Noah Smith, was licensed to prcacli. lie 
is now one of the most eminent Baptist Divines in I'lii.- 
tidolphia, and a I).l). Thns tl»e lire kindh'd hert', hnrns 
and shines there, and in many other [)hices, with lieal- 
in|j; in its beams. 

The affairs of the Chnrch from this time havetlowerl 
on with <>;eneral peace and prosperity. 15h'sse<l with an 
excellent pastor, tlie niectinj»s were pleasant and profit- 
iible, and l)Ut tew incidents of un^'thiniz; that needs to 
be ree(M'deil, occnrred. 

In May, l^^47, tlie Church ordained Rev. John 
Johnson who recently died in China, Asia. Mr. .lolin- 
son married a wealthy (ierman lady, and touether they 
became missionaries among- the lieathen. Mrs. Johnson 
for many yeais has tanght a school consisting entirely 
of Chinese girls, and in that wayhas<lonea vastaraonnt 
of good. Some of the wo-nen thus edncatiMJ ure now 
teaching others, and thus the good intlnence will long 
'jontinue to radiate. Mr. Johnson was also an able and 
etllcient woplvcr among the benighted. 

In the Spring of 18-VJ, there was anotlier refreshing 
season of religious inter-jst, and (piite a large accession 
of members to the Chuioh. The same year, E. D. 
Green was chosen Deacon ; and J. C. Washburn, Kscj. 
having died, Geo. W. Dyer was elected Clerk. Again 
tlie wheels turned smoothly. 

In 1854, after a pleasant and profitable pastorate of 
nine years, Dr. Dexter, hoping {uobably to do more 
good in some other locality, resigned his parochial of- 
fice, and went away. Every person in the Society de- 
sired him to remain ; but he woukl go, and the peo})le 
were compelled to submit to his departure. When he 
left, the many kind worils spoken and the many tears 
shed by his people, evinced the sincyrity and depth of 
their esteem. 

In May, 18,)4, the Society invited Rev. E. C. 
Mitchell to be- ome its postor. He was a grandson of 



1«I0 



SKCOM) HAP'UST riUHCH. — ( AI.Als. 



fIii(l<jjo Wliiliuiin and a ncplu'w of Rev. Jason Whiliiian, 
of Portland, lie acci'pted tin; invitation, and was or- 
<laln('(l and insliilli'd in .Iinic; — Hcv. Dr. Stockhridiio 
r)(' lioston pi'cacliinu' the sninon tor the occasion. Mr. 
Mitclicll \v:is a well (idncatcd and pleasant nnin. and an 
easy oxtcinporanoons speaker; :nid the |)Mrisli vva-< well 
satisded with liis labors. In Nov. the late (i. D. Kin<j^ 
was chosen a De.'icon. to snpi)ly diirinu" tlu' tre(pient ab- 
sences of l)ea. X. Smith. The next Sprinu. l.s;");'). there 
w:is atiother reliijions revival, and nioie additions to the 
("hnrch. .Mar. o, l.sr)lj, Mr. Mitchell's health having 
tailed. ;ind there being some pecuniary enibarassnients, 
he resigned and went away. He is now a professor in 
a 'I'heologic.al Seminary in Chicago. 

I'v.irjy in l.s.'iC), the meeting-honse on Main St. l)eing 
too sm:ill lor the Society and not suited to its taste and 
needs. w:is sold to the Methodi-.ts, who took possession 
on the first day of April, and preparations f'oi' erecting 
a new house, on Chureh St., were at once begun. 

The next pastor, Uev. A. F. Spanlding of East 
Caniltiidge, a graduate of lirown I'niversity, — a pleaK- 
ant, stirring man and mu agi'eeal)le si)eaker. — assumed 
tlie lormnl charge of the Society in Dec. IH,")!!. The 
next Sprinu there vvjis jinother revival of religious in- 
terest and more additions to the Church. These annual 
revivals kept the ])arisu wide awake, and ins[)ired it 
with large hope and healthy ambition. 

Meanwhile the late Dea. (J. D. King having assum- 
ed the main lin:incial res[)onsil)ility in bnildiu' the new 
meeting-house, the work was pushed on so vigorously 
that the structure was completed and dedicated in May, 
IH")?. The building cost about Slo.OOO, and a consider- 
able debt was incurred in its construction; but so well 
pleased wei'e the brethren with theii" new, religious 
Home. th:it all of them contributed generously, and the 
entire debt was soon licjuidate*]. 

In Oct, 1H{)(), Mr. Spanlding resigned, and the 
same month. Di'. Dexter again became the i)astor. This 
change of ministers was etfected with the best of feeling, 
and to the entire satisfacti<tn of the Society. INIr. 



SKCONU IJAI'TLST ("III K( II. « AI-AI.S. 



litl 



SpMiiIdiiii!: now icsidcs in Xoiwitli. C'l. In l.s«;i. Win. 
Woods was chosen Clerk. lie still rotnins tlwit ollice, 
nnd to him the writer is indehted for nwmv of the fuets 
eontiiined in this sketch. 

With its tal ntiMl pastor and oxceliont inoetiiiij- 
liouse, the Society continucfl t(/ prosper. IJnt in 1>^(!1>. 
Kev. Dr. De.vtei' aijain resiiiiied, and soon alter. Rev. 
K. B. Kddy, a native of l*n>vidence, R. I., a scholarly 
an(l zcalons worker, was selected as his snccessoi-. Dnr- 
inu his pastorate thus far, sixty ei^ht nieinlters have 
been added to the Chnich. The whole nnniher ot'nieni- 
bers at the close of 1.S74, was one hnndred and ninety. 

The Deacons of the Cluirch have l)i'en, — Hon. Xoah 
.Smith, K. I), (ireen, Klijah Stearns, ^i. 1). Kir.i;, (>. IV 
Rideont< Samuel Kelley," Wm. Woods, ('. R. l^ike. Tiie 
first four have passed on to the hi<iher life. 

In closinji; this chapter, it is but jmstice lo a«ld that 
the success of this Church is the result, un<U'r Divine 
Providence, of the sterling integrity of its founders, the 
faithful ministry of its alile [)astors, and the constant 
zeal of its members. Besides defraying the ordinary 
expenses of the Sabbath service, it has generally con- 
tributed to the support of feeble churches in the vicin- 
ity, of the Bilde and Tract Societies, of Academies and 
Colleges, and of the Home and Foreign Missionary So- 
cieties. It has given S5()0 to the Bai)tist Society in 
Iloulton, $1800 to Colhy College, and [)ledged tis much 
more to c>tlier denominational schools. Dea. Sumuel 
Kelley gives SlOOO for this purpose ; and he has also 
liberally contributed toward the endowment of a school 
in Burmah to educate young men for the ministry. 



1!>2 



SMlCdLFNC. 



XXXI. 



Calnis Jind St. Stcplicn l)oinu; border towns with 
only !i iwurow river hotwcon tlioin, their citiznis h.'ivo 
ol't(Mi Ix'i'ii .'U'cnscd of ovjidinjj tho revenue laws; and 
cei'tainly tiiere have Ix'on some temptations in tliis di- 
rection. Various articles of merchandise in common 
use, — coffee, tea, su<!;!ir, tobacco, heel", butter, friction 
juatches, jiloves,. sili\s, Jeweh'v. ardent spirits, etc.. — 
have often been fVoin ten to thirty per cent, hii^her on 
one side of the river than on tlie otlier. Four l)ridges 
span the river, and there are other easy ways of cross- 
inu'. All the |)eoph? in the vicinity are neiiiiibors ami 
tViends to each other, and not a few aro relatives and 
business partners. The <X'ipc ot* poverty and the desire 
for wealth, alike prompt men to Imy and sell to the best 
advantage. The iniienious can readily find some way to 
escape detection, and some <rood citizens are unable to 
perceive any sin in [juichasiiii; <!;oods on one side of the 
river and (piietly cai'ryin<^ them to the other side. In 
view of all these circumstances, it is loijical to infer that 
every week, some of Adam's fallen posterity will export 
and import merchandise without consultinp^ the author- 
ities of either the I'nited States or (Jreat Britain. Tho 
contraband tralllc has <;enerally been carried on in good 
nature; and when, as has freiiuently ha|)pened, the un- 
wary are detected, they submit to tl»e awards of the law, 
without a niurmur. A thousand stories are told, of de- 
tection or escape, some comic and some serious but 
only a few are worth repeatiuii. 

About the year 1<S32, a large (luantity of smuggled 
goods were seized in Milltown, N. B., and the revenii'^ 



SMIMir.LINU. 



193 



orflcers 8ont sevoral toams to carry tlioni to tho ('ii«toni- 
hoiise. The jjooiIh wore (iiiiotly loadotl ; but siuMonly. 
as the teams wore about to start, a larj^o force of white 
men dis'iuiscd as Indians and fantastically arni"d, rush- 
ed in, sei/.ed the teams and <Irovc them to the American 
side of the river. This was a «5ravc crime, and for a few 
.hours there was intense excitement and imminent dan- 
gler of hard i)Iows. Hut wise counsel [»revailed, a com- 
promise was effected, and the affair was settled without 
any violence, arrests or permanent ill feelintr. 

A few years later a somewhat similar occurrence 
took place in Calais. The tributaries of the St. Croix 
flo^v from both Maine and New Brunswick; and lumber 
is cut and logs <lriven from nearly all of them. The 
ni!Il men of Milltown had no means of knowing on 
which side of the State line the trees grew, which they 
were manufacturing into boards, hence tliey very natur- 
ally fell inio the lawless habit of sending the sawed 
lumber down to that side of the river from which it would 
be shipped to tho best advantage. But every now and 
then a valuable raft of lumber that happened to reach 
the wrong bank of the river, woid<l be seized and con- 
fiscated by the American oflicers. At length these an- 
noying events became so alarmingly fre(|uent that it 
v/as evident that some unknown and unofficial person 
was acting as u spy an<l informer. This angered the 
lutjil)ermen, and after vainly trying in a peaceable way 
to ascertain the name of the informer, some foity of 
them, painted and disguised as Indians, and armed with 
old muskets, war clubs and tomahawks, seized two U. S. 
revenue officers, placed them in wagons and drove into 
St. Stephen. As they went, some of them sharpened 
their bayonets on the rapidly rolling wheels, and threat- 
ened violence ; thoujih probal))y without any murderous 
intention. Arriving at a secluded spot, a long consul- 
tation was held, and the name of tl.'cspy, without being 
told, was indicated with sufficient clearness. The pris- 
oners were then rtieased. But in the meanwhile the 
Calais militia had been called out, and a great tumult ex- 
cited. However, no one was arrested or injured ; the 



I!M 



SMI'<i<iMN«i. 



I 



1.5 



Hiispcctod informer left town th:it nij^lit to he absent 
HJany yoiira, jind the honest hinihernien were trouhU'd 
no nioi'e. 

On one oe(!;ision, a pions snin'^ghir on tlie English 
side of the river, by a very ionij, fjiniily prayer detaine<l 
the revenne officer until the eoiitrMhund nuM'cii.indise 
\V!i8 removed and secreted. A strange nseofpraver. 

In 1«4.'{, :in Kn^lish, Custom house spy was cloth- 
ed with a coat of tar and feathers, ufenerously <^iven 
iiim l»y a party of Caucassiaii Ind'ans. I'he spy aban- 
doned his business. an<l none of the Indians were ealh'd 
to account. 

But in general, the ofllcers are faithful and the 
citizens loyal ; and all that .John Hull or Brother Jona- 
than, reall}' reciuirc-', is circumspectly done. 







NKW (•III:K(HKS. 



lur. 



XXXII. 

NKW CHURCHES. 

Faith deals in tlio jihstract 1111(1 iiivisihlo, and not 
nntrcquontly, spccuhition supplants tlu' keen oyed scr- 
ai)h, and lills our minds with vain ima<i;inini^s. As re- 
sults, schism after schism rends the one true C'hureii. 
and a thousand sects and schools sprinjji: to life; — each 
one positive that it has '"the truth, the whole truth, and 
nothin<2; but tlie truth." In every comnninity, there is 
a variety of reli<»ious opinions ; an<l as soon as those in 
agreement become sulllcicntly numerou ,, a new Ciiurch 
is instituted. In Calais and St. Stephen this has fre- 
quently been do!ie, and as the towns continue to increase 
in population, the number and variety of their religious 
sects will probably also increase. Within a few years, 
three new places of worship have been erected, and 
three new couiirreiiatioi.s tjatliered. As yet they are too 
youiiij; to have a history, but a statement of their birth 
seems pro[)er. The first, largest and strongest, is the 

BAPTIST CIIUUCH, — ST. STEPHEN. 

When Rev. Duncan M'CoU came to St. Stephen, 
in 17><5, he found a Baptist minister there. Neither 
his name nor the length of time he remained in the 
place, is now known ; Init he was without (|uestion, the 
first clergyman that preache(l in the vicinity. For some 
reason, he failed to make any lasting impression, and 
men of otlicr sects took and occuj)i(*d the field. Still, 
probably there have been some I>aptists in St. Stephen, 
ever since that early date. 

Tlie number gradually increasing, and it being 
somewhat inconvenient for them to attend the churches 



1<J0 



NKW CimiU'IIKS. 



14 



i 



oftlHMr faith ill Militown hihI ('uiuis, it was at loti^tli 
(I(?(miumI a«lvisal)Ic to erect a ineetin<»;-liou8e for their jihc, 
on their .side of the river. 'V\w work began in 18(57. 
The leading man in the enterprise was V. B. Katon, 
Ksq., without whose wise counsels and j^enerous assist- 
ance, the structure could uot luivebeeii completed. The 
house was finished near the close ol'lH')!), and dedicated 
in Jainiary, 1870. Tiie cost was aho.'.t S''0(K), and the 
edilice is luindsonie, pU>asant and satis'V.ctory. 

Soon al'ler, a Clnu'ch was organ, /<mi. At first it 
contained only seventeen members; — half of whom had 
j)revi()usly belonged to the Bai>tist Church in Calais. 
The present number, .lanuary, 187;'), is seventy-six. 
The d(!acons are (ieo. S. iMcKenzic and (ieorge 
I)e Wolfe. The (irst pastor, llev. I. K. Hopper, settled 
in August, 1801), and retired in May, 1872. The pres- 
ent pastor began in the following August. The Society 
is healthy and prosperous, and hopes by the continued 
generosity of Mr. Eaton, to be soon free from debt. 

frp:k will baptist church, — Calais. 

The religious sect that bears this name originated 
about a century ago, in New Hampshire, under the min- 
istry of Rev. lienjamin Kandal, a convert of the cele- 
brated (Ieorge Whitetield. It insists on baptism by 
immersion, lioUls the Anninian phase of laith, and is 
Congregational in policy. In 181 "), Rev. .John Colby, 
a zealous advocate of Freewillism, visited Eastport and 
succceeded in converting quite a numl»cr of people to 
his faith and feeling. A church was instituted ; and 
from that day to this, the citizens of Calais have often 
heard of the Free Will liaptists. Still, no societ>- of 
this denomination was formed here until six or eight 
yars ago ; when a small meeting-house was built by 
Wm. Poole, at the Union village, and a small congre- 
gation gathered. There is no other Society in the vi- 
cinity, and this one ought to })rosper, but it has not. 
In 1872-3, Rev. Matthias Ulmer did succeed in awaken- 
ing quite an interest; and Rev. Mr. Ilanling, the pres- 
ent pastor, is doing all that can be done ; yet the Church 



NKW (Jill U('IIK». 



197 



only lniif;ui«hos. It is not iinprolj.'ildc. however, (luU 
at no (lislant (lay, assistol liy the I'actorii's that may 1k' 
cri'dcd in that vicinity, this Church may become as a 
"city set on a hill. 

SKCON!) ADVKNT rUlUClf, MILI.TOWN. 

F^ver since the flays of the Apostles, the startlin<jj 
rumor has occasionally ^ot into circulation, that the end 
of the world and the ^reat day of judgment were at 
hand. The last instance ol' this delusion occurred about 
thirty-five years ago; when \Vm. Miller of New York, 
prcilicted and tried to prove by Daniel and John that 
the great event would transpire April 2;J, l^^l.'5. It was 
reported that at one time there were a thousand preach- 
ers and a million believers of Miller's theory. Hut the 
dies irac (piietly passed, the good old world did not end, 
and Millerism exploded. Vet somehow there arose 
from its debris, a m'w sect, — the Second Adventists, 
which holds that the end of the existing <lis[)ensation is 
near, and when it arrives, Christ will come again, and, 
having aimihilat('(l the wicked, will establish his pure 
and perfect kingdom on the earth ; — "a consummation 
devoutly to be wished." 

To promulgate and defend this pleasing theory, 
some of the more zealous Second Advent preachers, 
not long ago, used to travel around the country, hohl- 
ing ''protracted meetings" beneath the roof of a iuam- 
moth tent. In their peregrinations, about 18(17 or s, 
they came to Calais and pitched their tent in Milltown. 
A nmltitude flocked to see and hear the novelty, sjnait 
sermons were preached, converts were made and a 
Church, not large but zealous, was soon started. The 
tent having been removed, the Society purchase«l a hall 
of Hon. J. S. Hall, and there held its meetings and 
prospered. 15ut becoming dissatisfied with the hall, in 
1871^, it built and paid for, a substantial and comfort- 
able meeting-house, on the very spot formerly occupied 
by the sacred tent. The inside of the house was paint- 
ed by the ladies of the Church. Tlie present pastor is 
Rev. W. M. Corliss — a zealous and faithful minister. 



lOH 



CEMKTKHIKS. 



i 



xxxiir. 

CEMETERIES. 

Mnii is mortal, (lo wlicrc lie iimv, doatli finds 
liiin, .'111(1 caiisos liis IkxIv "'to return to the diist. r.s it 
was;" and then foiiics the need of sonic sacred locality 
in which to liurv the dead. Very soon after their arrival 
liere, the early settlcM's felt this need, and were coni- 
peiiod to select suitable places lor the internient 



of their decease d frieiKb 



The natural desire of tho 



surxivors, when a d(»ar one dies, is to bury the precious 
remains in some i)leasaii1 spot within si^ht and near 
home. Obeyimr an impulse of this kind, many New 
England farmers, a generation or two ag'o, liad small, 
family <»rave-yards on their own land, and not far from 
their houses; and (juite })robably some of the Calais and 
St. Stephen people in the early days, in(lul<2;ed in this 
practice. Sul)se(|uently however, as the population in- 
creased, and deaths became more fre(juent, it seemed 
more convenient and symi^'ithetic, for several neighbors 
to unite in locating and using a common burial ground. 
Among those in Calais, was one at Ked Beach, 
still used ; another at liog lirook, still used : another 
quite large one on the land south of 1>. M. Flint's resi- 
dences long since abandoned and the site occupied by a 
school-house ; and anotiier in the village of Milltown, 
also long ago abandoned. About l-Sjo. the town i>ur- 
chased ten acres of land on the hill near South INIill- 



towii St.. and consecrated it as the Calais Ceine 



tery 



Kecently more land adjoining it has been bought an; 
devoted to the same purpose. A portion of it is set 



f 



CEMKTKHIKS. 



l!>i) 



Mpnrt l(M- i\w use. <>r tl.o Cnliiolics. Tlu" sito cf this 
('(Mnot.ry is so olovatod as t., (.(.nnnan.l a vi.w <,f ' 
nroo portu>,j of Calais and St. SK-plH-n. TIm.v are in 
It n.any <rr;uU,\ avonncs and |,atl,s. and n,.t a low hnnd- 
sonic nionnuM-nts an.l lus-.d slcu's. Tl.r ..jtv i^wrv 
year appropriates scvc^ral hundred dolhirs lor" its ini- 
provement ; and at no distant davit .vill rank an.on - 
the most ])oautirul eenietorios in the State. " 

1 VH' ^r: '"^jJ'P'x'" peoi'If liMve, until reeentiv, lol- 

mved the Enoiish fashion of usin^^ land adjaeent t a 

church as a -rave-yard. Henee in a.ldition ,, the huri- 

itoMliV^'Y/"'"''''''' ^»- ^^-ter road, and on 
the Ol Kidne. th(M-e nas a eenieterv eonneeted with 

each ol the older ehurehes. IJut it llavino- Ion J I ! 

po.ve.ved that this fashion served to per,H.tuati; ne" 

lectod lorlorn and repulsive looki„o' o-,ave-var,ls \u 

N. Maiksl.mothy Crocker, A. II. Thonipsou. Dani'd 
I annon. R II. To.ld, Z. Chipman, Daniel SnllhL 
and S. (.. S tevons, ],y .,„ net of the Provincial Parlia- 
in(M. nnit(.l ,n a corporate capacity for tlu^ purpose- f 
p.ovid.nir and n.aintainin.n: a eenieterv wothvofthe 



n 



and its thriftv inhabitants 



bouirht sixtv-li 



S 



ve acres o land, near the II 



oon after, thev 



and laid it out and enclosed it for a '^Citv ot'tl 
Much o-o,k| taste is displayed in the se'l 



ii.ison roa(|, 
leDead.' 



site and the arrano-ement of tl 



ic <rroun(l> 



ection of this 



of avenue and patii wind throuoh the neatl 



T 



vvo miles 



trees. Skilfully chiseled marble 



y trimmed 



the d 

entrance of" the enclosure, the'visi'tor ' m 



and <rranite'tell wl 



oar departed repose ; while in fVont of tl 



I ere 



sweep of the river and the homes ol" the 1 
bank, licquicscant in pace. 



le main 
iiy see a loniif 
ivinjr on eitiier 



200 



APPENDIX. 



APPENDIX. 

The following: items of incidents, facts and penealop:y, 
seem essential for the completion of these annals. They 
relate only to fan)ilies that came liere prior to 1840, and 
only to such of them as haye occupied somewhat consfncn- 
ous positions; and even many of them are left out for lack 
of space. If errors are discovered in names or dates, the 
writer can only plead tluit he reports what was told him by 
those who seemed to be best informed. 

Baunaki), 

John, of Boston, married Anna Kendall of Dorchester ; 
came to Calais about 1818, thoujrh his family remained in 
Massachusetts; in company with Amaziah Nash, turnpiked 
the road from Calais to Robbinston, about 1820; built the 
house now used by W. II. Younj^ as a hotel; eno:af^ed 
in trade ; in 1836, returned to Boston ; and died at his home 
in Dorchester, in 1859. 

His son Edward A. Barnard, came to (^alais in 1836: 
enjrajred in trade ; has been a successful merchant; mar- 
ried Mary Ann Shepherd of Jefferson. Children : — Mrs. 
Anna K. Kummel of Milwaukee, Wis. ; Mrs. Harriet L. 
Porter, G. T., M. I),; P'rank A., mortally wounded in the 
U. S. army at Rappahannock Station ; Henry II. ; ChiraE. 

BOAUDMAN, 

William, was born in Newburyport, Mass., in 1789; 
married Esther W. Tappan, also of Newburyport; was for 
a tim(!, a successful lutu'chant in his native town; in 1826, 
came to Calais with his family; nev*^r after enprajjed in any 
very extensive business; was (!ver kind, upri<;ht and gen- 
tlemanly. At the fiftieth anniversary of his weddinjr, in 
I865,when e ach one of his livin<r children and fl^randchildren 
brou<?ht to him and his wife some golden token of esteem, 
he became over excited and was never after entirely well. 
He died in 1867. 



I 



APPKNIUX. 



201 



the 



Ifor 



in- 

in 

fen 

ill. 



Willi.nu Ilciiiy; 
of East port, d.: 



Chililreii:— A.laline Todd, F. II.; 
George A.; Caroline M. Ilayden, C. II , 
Anna L. Eaton, II. F. ; (lorhain, of New York cltv; Charles 
E.;]Mary E. Dexter, Kev. II. V.,1). D., formerly of Calais; 
Emily F. Lowell, Ehvell. 

1)emix(;, 

William, son of Charles and Mehitabel, came to Cal- 
ais from Hri^hton Mass., in 182t; has ever since been a suc- 
cessful merchant; married Sarah Wilcox, of Dartmouth, 
Mass. Children: — William, d. ; Mrs. Sarah J. rurin<j:ton, 
Capt. Isaac: Mrs. Emma (Granger, Gen. G. F. ; Charles L. ; 
Mrs. Rebecca Eaton, C. li. 

DUHEN, 

Hox. William, came from Waterville, Me., about 
1827; engaged in lumbering and trade; has served as rep- 
resentutiv*; and senator in tlie L(;gislature of Maine, and as 
mayor of Calais: b(Min successful in busim^ss ; married Mary 
Dutch; and has two childnai, viz: — Mrs. Adelaide Saw- 
yer, Fj. D., of Cambridgeport, Mass.; Jed F'lye. 

Dyeh, 

Jones, came from Machias with his family, 1784. Ilis 
children were, flames, .lones, Jr., Nathan, Mrs. Thomas 
Hill, Mrs. .lackson, Mrs. Henry Knight, all deceased. 

The children of Jam(\s were, James, Jr., Samuel, Mrs. 
Chase, d., Mrs. Westbrook Kniglit. d. 

' ^nes, Jr. marrii'd Lydia Knight, and their children 
were, .»Irs. JNIaria Sawyer, Thomas; Mrs. Harriet White, 
L. C, d. ; Edward S., of Washington Territory ; John II., il. ; 
Harrison, d. ; Mrs. Lydia Kettelle of Boston ; Mrs. Sophia 
Porter, C. C. Dr.; (ii'o. W. <.f Washingtcm, D. C. ; Mrs. 
Helen lh'adl)urv, A. H., Dr.; Mrs. Josephim^ Dodgt; Dr.; 
the hist two of Santa Barb;ii-a, California. 

Eaton, 

Joseph Emekson, a native of Groton, Mass. ; born in 
1809; came to St. Stephen in 18;5(), and at once engag- 
eil in lumbering. Soon after, the death of his brother-in- 
law, David Wright, left to him the management of a large 
business, which he conducted with great energy and abil- 
ity. He continued in the lunibei-ing business until the 
brief illness which terminated his life in 1809. His forluiu? 
at ileath amounted to nearly §1,000,000. His children are, 
Charles H.,of St. Stephen; Joseph 10., of Calais: Herbert; 
Albert; Bradley, of Calais: Elizabeth Benton, Philadelphia. 



202 



AIM'KNDIX. 



i>.i 



Eat<>v, 

IIknkv FitANKiJX, born in (Iroton, Mass.. in 1812, a 
brotliur of J. EnKU.son Eaton, camc! to St. Stephen in 18.'}.'}. 
II<; soon becanio a partner with his lirother in th(^ lu'ni oC 
,J. E. Eaton tfc ('o. In 1842, the name <»f tjje (irni was 
chanjj:e(l to II. F. Eaton &; Co., and the i);irtnershi|) contin- 
ned until 18(J4:. Mr. K. is still enixajjed in })iisiness and is 
estecMiied as one of tiie most (nier<;<!tie, r< lial)le and w(faUhy 
men on th(; river. His ehildi'en aic, (niorj^o : Henrietta 
May; Henry; Airaie K. ; Fr.ink; Wilfred. 

Emehson, 

Cai'I'. Sr/ni, came to Calais from liridLieton, Me., in 
1825; built th(> lower liridije; framful the (irst ("onjrrejxa- 
tional ehureh; built s(!veral saw-mills, and a <2;rist-mill 
which he ran for s(!V(U'al y(^ars: mai-ried Mary Knijjht; 
and had two children, viz: Fdward E. ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lowell, R. ]}. 

Gatp:s, 

Salmon, born in Hubbardston, Mass., in 1783; came to 
Calais and en<ra^<ul in <i;ettin<^ out ''ton timl)er," in 1808; 
bronjjfht his family here in 1821 ; hauhul the lirst 
lo;i;s into Grand Lake Stream, above the rapids; was a 
strong, en(!rf>eti(^ man and skilful in usino^ all kinds <f 
tools; married Luc}^ Chun'h. Children: — Mrs. Emeliiie 
Kimball, ,1. S. ; Harriet; Martha; Asa (.'., of Wt'vmouth, N. 
S. ; Ephriam C. ; Mrs. Lucy C. Wentworth, (j. M. ; Salmon S. 

CwniMKU, 

Tfiomas, of l*hilad(dphia, married Lydia Way of New 
York, and settle«l in St. Stx^phen in 1785. Children: — 
Thomas, d.; Mrs. lietsv Gotchell, Daniel: Jolm ; Mrs. 
Katie Smith, .lolin, d. ; Nirs. Patty Thomas, ,Iolm ; Mrs. 
Lydia Ma\w<'ll, David; James, d. ; William, d. ; Mrs. Amy 
Eraser, Wm.; flesse. 

Hall, 

John, cam(» to CJalais from Howdoin, Me., in 1821. 
('hildnm : — Mrs. Hachel Harvey and GritVin; Mrs. Mcu'cy 
Enos, (Jeo. ; James Sullivan, who stM'ved the town as r<>p- 
resentative in the Le<;islature of Maint;, ca[)tain and quar- 
ter-mast(;r in tJK' army ai>;ainst the Rebellion, and mayor of 
the city: Mrs. Jane Tracy, Wm.; Mrs. Mary Smith, Nat.; 
Dana M.; John T. ; James Madison; Jacob V.; Mrs. Lu- 
cinda Smith, Alex.; Velona. 



ArPI'.NDlX. 



2(i:{ 



IIll.L, 

J.Vi'UKT, of Macliias had tli<' folhtwini; cliiMrcii : Sam- 
nol; Abner; Stcplicn; Mrs, Doiidcll: Mrs. Kcziah McAllis- 
ter. Jdlin : Mrs. Susan ( hristic, .Famos ; Mrs.Prisi-ilhi IMneo ; 
Mrs. Stoiu! ; Mrs. Smith. 

Grandchildren: — hy Sainiiol: .\nios; Mrs. Kcljceca 
iJcadinji:, IOi)cn('z<'r; Mrs. I.ydia liurnhani, and Smith. 
John; Mrs. Uicc ; Stephen; Jasper ; Alvin ; James r—hy Ab- 
nei' who married Polly Whitney: (i(M). S. Hon.: Mrs. Mai-\ 
Bixby, flohn : Jotd ; Abtun-; I)ani(d; Mrs. Clarissa Todd. 
Wni.;.rohn; Horatio X: — by Stephen: (Jeore'e ; Stephen : 
Mrs. H(fLsey Frost, Oliver; Samuel; .loshua; Ann. d. 

HlTClIFNdS. 

JosiAii, of New Rostoii, \. H.. came with the Loyal- 
ists in 17Hi. His children w<'re, Josiah : I >aA- id. of Cooper, 
Me.: William of St. David; John of Hudson, Wis.; Rol)ei-t 
of St. Ste])hen : Mi's. Hannah Moore ; Mrs. Stretclj; Mrs. 
Uridj^es of Charlotte, Me. 

I'obert inarri«'d Hachel Willet of (rcu-mantown. N. J.. 
and their children wei'e. IJodney : Kachel : Samutd: Wil- 
liam; Stejjlw'n H. John; .Vnn I^. ; Mai-\- Al.; Kliza. 

Stephen H. ; married Charlotte Eaton ofCin-ton, ]^Iass.. 
and their childr(Mi are, Mrs. Frances Taylor, Rev., LakeC>ity. 
Wis. ; Henry; I{o!)ert. 

Kf.i.i.f.v, 

Benjamin, M. I)., of (iihnanton, N. H., married Mary, 
daujihter of MaJ. (lile of lOppiiiLT, N. H. Their son Samuel 
was born in Xorthwood, X. il., Au^. 2. 17!>7; at the a<jf(! of 
tw<'nty went to St. (jie<jr«j:e, X\ 15 ; came in 1821, to(Jalais; 
on«rau(Ml in trade in company with (Jorham and Sti^arns 
Kimball ; two years :ift<'r, bou^rht a farm embracing the 
land now oi-cupied by the southern half of the villaire : set- 
tU.'d for life, and enij;a;i.('d in farminjif, t»"adlnn' in land and 
hiinberina:; in 1.S21. marricul Mary Danford of Wiscasset. 
by whom li«^ had ten childi-en. viz: — Charles H. d.; Mrs. 
IMary Dyer, Ceorjxe, <1.; Mrs. Kmelim^ Kiiiir, (Ject. (}.; 
Benjamin F. ; Susan, d. ; Mrs. Ann M. Wadsworth, I>. L.. 
of Boston; Sauund ; Frederic; P. d. ; EmmaS. ; Hannah D. <1. 

KlF.NE, 

Jaiuis. born in Duxburv. Mas^.. in 1770; was a ship 
l)uilder; came to Calais in 1S(K); built the lirst vesstd in 
Calais; married Lucy lvni<j;ht and had lifleen childi-en ; viz : 
— Jarins, d. ; Isaac, d.; Truxton, d. ; Mrs. ]\Iarv Ann Hink- 
ley ; William ; Elzim, »l. ; Harrison ; Atkins ; Uobert ; Georj^e ; 



201 



APPKNDIX. 



i 



Sullivan, d.; Loronzo, d, ; FrctU'ric ; Mrs. I>U(!vThirz.'i Ellis 
and Vandino, lloiilton; Edward. 

Lhp:, 

JosKi'H A., came to Calais from Bnckspoil in 1H.'53; 
cntori'd tin* (-alais Bank in 18;](;; was Clerk until 1839; 
tlu^n Cashier imtil lS(;i);tlien President to the present time ; 
niarrie(l Miiry Sawyer, and after her deeease, Isabella 
'i'heohald of Wiseasset. Children: — Mrs. Thehe Kin*;, W. 
R. d;Mrs. Eliznheth Newton, C.II. ; Mrs. Marv E. Ladd, C. 
L. : Josei)h W., Hector of Christ's Chureh, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; 
William il., of Ahsxander, Me.; Clara, Jane; Ernst. 

EixnsAY, 

NiNiAN, came from Ireland; settled in St. Stephen 
about 17H(); owned l;md on ^V!lter St., just below tin; brid<:;(^ ; 
married Ibmnah M:irks. Children :—Bobert: Ninian ; Mrs. 
ElizM Ann Todd, Robert M.; Mrs. ElizMbeth Andrews, 
Wm.; Andi'ew; (reorjr*' ; '"ind Caroline;. Mrs. Andrews is 
the only one now living, but the grandchildren are nu- 
merous. 

Lowell, 

Levi L., of Wiseasset, came to Calais in 1828, as a r(%'il 
estat«.> agent for the proi)rietors ; has sold more than half 
the land in town ; 'las also been a merchant; is an insurance 
agent; married Emeline M. Danford, of Wiseasset. (./hil- 
dren : — Mrs. Charlotte C. Kennedy, F. A., of CJambridge, 
Mass.; Mrs. Alice li. Skilhngs of Wincln^ster, Mass. 

LoWKLL, 

Hei'BEN, of Rucklield, Me., married Sarah Smith of 
Litchlield, Me. ; canu! to Calais in 1825; was a successful 
merchant; died in \H'.]7. Children: — Mrs. MincM'va Hamil- 
ton, and Chast;, 1). K. d. ; Reuben R. ; Frederic II. d.; 
George A.; Mrs. Sarah Copeland, II. CsonofT. J. C'ope- 
land. 

McAllistek, 

Daniel, married Mary Patterson, l)oth of New Boston, 
N. II. , and cann^ to St. Stephen with the -'Cape Ann Asso- 
ciation," in 178,"); was a faruKM' and lumberman. Children: 
— ,Iohn ; William; Alexander; Retsy; Mis. Polly Harmon, 
W. ; Mrs. Lydia Harmon, Nat.; Mrs. Sally Perkins, James, 
of St. David. 

John married Keziah Hill. Children: — Japhet H. d. 
Daniel, of Rol)binston :Mrs. Elizabeth Watson, Thomas, d. 
John, of Calais; William E. d. ; Stephen, d. ; George C. d. 



APPKNDIX. 



205 



Henry S. d. ; Mrs. Louisa Porter, Jolin, il. ; Ilanisoii, il. ; 
Abner. 

^fAXAVKT.!-, 

Jamks, a nntive of Irclaiul : settled in St. Stephen in 
178."): married Hetsy Hill. C'liildren: — William; l);mi(d; 
Mrs. H(ftsey (Iiimmer, .Folin; James; David, d.; .Joseph 
II.; Mrs. lV»lly Haldwin, John, d. : Thomas; (leorjj^e; Sam- 
lud, th(? yoiui;^ost, now, 187."), aijed sixty-live. 

MlI.I'.F.IJKY, 

Sami'EL, came from MnehiMs and settled in St. Stephen 
17s<>: h:id three wives and nineteen children; the last 



m 



wife was Tolly Hill. Children: — .lames; John, d.; Oliver; 
Hannah; Thomas, d.;Mrs. Jennette Xeshit. W. ; Mrs. 
Lydia M:ixw(dl, I);ivid; Mrs. X:d)l)y Mitchell, James ; Mrs. 
>i(dindaMa\well, John; rloseph; Mrs. Charlotte Mitdudl, 
Asa, d, ; Mrs. Polly T:ite, Thomas. 

MOOHK. 

Wii.i.iAAi, came from New Poston, N. IT.: settled in 
St. I):ivid in 1784. Children :—Kol)ert; William; John; 
Georirc ; Tristnm; Mrs. Petsy Pnntin/j:; Mi's. Hannah Con- 
niek: Mrs. Robert Hitchinus; Mrs. Ann.-i Whitn<'V. (Jrand- 
ehildren: — by liobert: Jesse; Robert; Hem'v ; .lones ; and 
William: — by William: (Jilman: 'I'homas; Ste])hen; .1. 
Alexand(!r. Airs. Ilitchinirs; Mrs. Prown ; — by .lohn : Whit- 
tier D. ; Josephns ; (Jeorfj^t; ; Willi:im; .losiah ; Ann; Mrs. 
mary (Jarecdon; Asceni^th; Mrs. Caroline Piichanan ; Mrs. 
Mary Ann Thompson; Mrs. M. Cainpbidl :— by Trist.-im : 
Mrs. Eliza Peaks: Nelson ; ('yrns : Mrs. Myra NicAllister; 
J. Warren: Mrs. Alice Wharf; .lustin: Simon C. ; Horatio 
N. ; Mrs. Emily Williams; Mrs. Hannah Mooro ; Mrs. 
Mar}' Earle. 

Ml itriiiE, 

AxDHF.w, came from Paisley, Scotland, pnndons to 
1789: settled on the Old Ri<l<i:e, St. Stejihen. His two sons, 
John and I)ani(d came with him. .John dietl childless. 

Daniel married Miss Campbcdl of Castine. Tlieir 

children W(ire, . lohn ; William; Andrew; James; Colin; 
Mrs. Jane Ann McAdam; Mrs. Mar^ji^aret Grimmer; Mary; 
Daniel ; John, now of Nevada City, Cal. 

PiCKINS, 

Leonard, was born in Taunton, Mass., and was 
by trade a house carpenter. Came to Calais in 18;^2; built 
the Methodist church in Milltown. N. B. ; was successful 



•iOO 



AIM'KMUX. 



in l)UsiiH'ss :in«l ropiitaltk; in society. II<' (lied in Mav, \M:\. 
Childivn:- Mrs. Vasliti H. CJatcs, "K. (".: Mrs. lA-dia W. 
L.'inil): I^cojiard; Adoiiiram .fudsoii, of lioston. 

William, ofPoitland; was si nieivhant in Wist-asset; 
iiiarrit'd lili/ahcLh ('lni,4o|)li('r, and aflci' her dcniisr, Han- 
nah Slicppard : In ISOt ciinic to Calais, <'niia<j:<'(i in trade; 
iniincdiatcly took tlic rank of a leading:: citizen, in business, 
politics and ridiiz;ioiis alVairs; died in \H]H. ("Iiildren: — 
William, d.; Mrs. Klizaheth Chandler. IIoji. A. (I. . Kd- 
jjar, d. ; James S.. of IJohhinston : ('harles K. !]s(|., of l»os- 
ton;Mary Caroline, d. ; Fred A., Hon., <'X. M. C. 

PoUTKH, 

JosKi'H, tlu! son of J)r. Jonathan Porter <>f Hraintree, 
IMass., w.is l)oin in Maiden, Mass., where his father then 
resided. In 17H(», he came to Kohhinston in the emj)lov of 
Gov. Kohbins. Two yisars after lu; came to Calais and 
opened a store on Ferry I'oint, — the th'st store in the ))lace ; 
in 171>.> niarri(Ml lUitsey, a daughter of (Japt. N. Marks; 
Api'il 171);"), moved to St. Stei)hen, where for many years, 
he was ail acti\(! and hi;j:hlv respected citiz<Mi; died in 
lH-22. (Mnldren:— William; Mrs. Flizabeth A. Hixby, 
James ; Mrs. Hannah ^V'illiams, .ronathan; .John; (ieor<re 
M. ; Mrs. Mary Hixby, of I.itchlield, X. H. ; Mrs. Eliza 
Stuart; Mrs. .Joanna B. Upton; fJoseph N.; James. 

Ri>:ai)IX(^ 

Ma.t. Ei5KNF.zf.I{, came from th(» western part of the 
St.-ite to ('alais in ISO;'); mai-ried Kebecca Hill. Children: 
At wood ; Mrs. Harriet Crosby and l.c^avilt; Joseph; Kben- 
(;zer; (Jtis. 



Sawyeu, 



Ar.xrif, of Phillipston. ^lass., came to Calais in 1818 
went into bnsiness as merchant and amassed a larire for- 

as town treasurer many 



\\ 



tune; mari-ied Phebe Cole 

years; diecl in 1852. Children: — ]Mrs. Almeda S. Towns- 
end, M. H., lawyer, of Alexander, Me.; Mrs. Mary 



J 



AH! 



fJ. A., d. 



Smith, 



Hon. Noah, jr., son of Ca{)t. Noah, and INIary Sweet- 
ser; born in So. l{eadin<»:, now Wakeflfdd, ]\Iass., iji 1800; 
came to Calais in IS.'l'i; served as a deacon of the Baptist 
Church, siH'aker of the Maine House of Representatives, 
Secretary of the State of Maine, Socretar}' of the U. S. 



A IT KM » I. \ 



207 



ri 



S<'!i!it<'. <'t('. ; niMi-ricd IlMimali Wln»ii!.»!i of Pi-ovitlciuM', 
1{. I.; tlitMl in i'liiladclpliiM. in ISCS, Cliildicn: Klirn S. 
'rii|»|)('r. Alien, of Iowa, famous as an apiarist; .laint'S W., 
1). I).. Haptist of riiilad.'Iphia: Mila K. Wlii.M.-n. (*. IJ.: 
S.-th \V.; riiarl.'s 11., of Maltiinoiv Md. ; IJol.cit X. d .; 



Walt 



»M' 



ol Iowa.. 



'I'lloMI'Snx, 



Alkxamu'jj, came to St. St«pli»'n from Lilcldlidd, N. 
If.- married Cliailotl.- Hill. Cliildn'ii :— William ; Mrs. 
Ann Lindsay; Alrxandi'r; Mrs. Klizahcth Holmes, .James 
A.; Hmily; Klisha; Au^^nstiis H. ; C'yriis A.; Tlu-'odorc. 

T«)i>i), 

Wii.i.iAM, of GofVstown. X. II.; married Mis> Wortliley 
of Xortli YarmoMtli. Mc. where lie located and eii^a<!:ed in 
business as a mei'cliaiil ; in isil, settled in St. Stephen, as 
a toaeher, and afterwards a m«!reliant anil innktuqxjr. Kvv. 
Mr. M'Coll speaks of his school as "very exetdlent.'" II«i 
dietl, April .'Jrd. ISKJ, and his wife, four years later; leav- 
in;:; the rich legacy of eluldren that honor and a«lorn so- 
ciety. Children :—Ivol>ert M. d ; .Mary J. Hill, Joel, d. ; 
Ja?ie M. Mei-ry. Alfred; William, d. ; Laura McAllister, 
John; Seih M. ; Freeman II.; Loui-a W. Townsend, Seth; 
John W. ; and Haimah A. Hill, San..'/jl. 

Townsend, 

SivriF, came from Sidney, Me., to Calais in IH'J.'l; an 
jictive and honest businessman; marrietl Louisa W. Todd. 
Children: — Hdu:ar, who died of discjastj contracted in the 
army ajj^ainst the llelxdlion; Louisa M. d. ; Laura; Airs. 
Mary II. Harris, Wm. II. 

IJl'TON, 

Aauon, came from New Boston, N. II., toSt. Stejihen, 
about ISOO; was a very active and successful shipbuilder 
and nnn'chant. Children: — .Mrs. Sarah Hill ; David; Mar- 
garet; Mrs. Louisa Mc.Vllister, Marcus; .\chsah. 

Waite. 

Benjamin F.. (a ji^reat-jrnmdson of Nathaniel, who 
came from Leiccsster, En;i;land to Maiden, Mass., in 1096,) 
born in Ilubbardston, Mass., in l.SOl ; cani(» to Calais about 
1821; en<:;a<>:(;d in lumberin<>; and commen-e; married Han- 
nah T. Todd of Eastport; ilied in lH7o. Children: — 
Charles; Mrs. Mary E. J)emin<2^, Wm ; Lieut. Henry W. 
mortally wounded in the Tnion army at Happahannock 
Station; Benjamin F. ; .John T. ; Frederic T. ; Mrs. Helen 
M. Kelley, Sam.; George F2, ; Horace. 



208 



AI'I'KNDIX. 



AVatsox, 

Hni'.KKT, (•:inu' from Ay«M'sliin', Scotland; ,s«!ttl(Ml in St. 
St<'|>h»'ii iil)oiil 17J)0; cii^rMiJcd in comnicrco; j^Jivc ji liotur 
to lion. tJanics Hfown in Iiis hoyliood; was a warm friend 
of I'arson M'Coll; married Marv Scelv of St. .lohn; died in 
1817. Cliildren: -William; Mrs. EJizalx'th Atlierton; 
Mary Ann; Xan<;y; Mis. Maria Mowatt, Ilobiirt, liarri.stor; 
Rolx'rt, the oidy one now livinjr. 

Wkntwoktfi, 

Hon. f}. M., (•.•imc frcjin Parsonsfudd to ( 'jiljiis in 18;}.'): 
{'n<r!i'J:<*d in teachinjir and aft<'rwards in Inndu'rin^j^; is an 
active and successful man; marrietl Lucy (■• fJates; tlieir 
dau<j:liter, Mrs. Elizalnith (iilmorc, Kobcirt, resides in I'rov- 
vidtmeo. It. I. 

Wiih>i>i;n, 

Rent>oi„ horn in Now Marki't, \. IT. in 170o: was 
hrou^lht to lloUantl. Mc, hy his parents, in 171)7: was u 
volunteer soldier stationed at Wiscasset, in 1814 : soon after, 
mov(;d to St.CJeorn^e, N. H., wluvnihe resi<led scvcM'al years: 
canie to C'iilais in 18;]1 : was a rejM'esentative in the Maine 
Le^isl:itiu«' in 18;$!), and the same year, was apj^ointed 
qu:irtorm:istor of tho militia stationed in Calais: elected 
Maj. Gener:il in 1814: was a State sen:itor in 18;>4: assisted 
in raisin<r the first company of volunteers in Calais in 18()1, 
and afterwards enlistecl iinotlu'r i-ompany : is a life member 
of the Tract, and Home Missionary Societies; married Mrs. 
Sarah Heed, <lau<rhter of ('apt. Teter Clinch of Fort Howe, 
St. John, N. H., by whom he has four children, viz: — 
Charles H. ; Edo^-ir ; Mrs, Amy E. Hobart, I). K. ; Maria C. 
H<^ is still hale and active. 

Whitney, 

Joel, lived anddiedin Jonesboro. Children : Mrs. Hannali 
Kni<;ht, Paul ; Mrs. Mary Hill, Abner ; Daniel ; Joel ; Joseph ; 
Ephriam ; Paul. (Jrandchildren : — by Daniel: Harlow, d.; 
Mrs. Sarah Tyhu', L. ; John; Mrs. Ann Vounj^, .John; Eph- 
raim ; Daniel ; Robert; Doufjlas : — by Joel, who manicnl 
Anna Moore: AVashinii;ton, d.; Mrs. Jane Todd, Seth M. ; 
Mrs. H;inii;ih H;irmon, Daniel; Joseph; Mrs. Haycock, 
Warren; Eliz:i: — liv Ephriam: Mrs. Beisv Hill, Abner; 
Mrs Pheb.' Hill, H.^N.; Mrs. Nancy McEarlane, M.; Mrs. 
AiMi Porter, John, d. ; Mrs. Sophia (vlark, Rev. W, S,, d. ; 
Beri:ih : — by Paul : Mrs. Cordelia Peabody, Charles Eliz- 
abeth; Reuben; John; Harrison. 

Finis. 



M 



Srt> 



.'^'ttlcd in Sf. 
Jive ji lionu* 
^Viinii fiicnd 
olin ; (lied in 
I Atlicrton; 
"t, Kanlsfer; 



il.'iis in IS;?,"): 

Hn<r; is Mil 

;<'it<'s; their 
ides ill I'rov- 



1 79o : wiiH 
707 : was u 
: soon aftor, 
roral y(;ars : 
1 tile Maino 
> aj)|K)in((Ml 
is: i!l(H;t<!(i 
'04 : assisted 
laisin IHOl, 
iff nn'inbcr 
allied Mrs. 
E^'ort Howe, 
ron, viz : — 
. ; Maiiji C. 



rs. Hannah 

d ; Jos(»|)h; 

larlow, d. ; 

^oliii; Eph- 

o married 

Seth M. ; 

Ila^'cock, 

U, Abner; 

M.; Mrs, 

N. S., d. ; 

rles Eliz-