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Full text of "Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Carleton (including city of Ottawa) Ont. [microform]"

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GENERAL U 



MAPS OF TOWNSHIPS AND GEN 
ERAL MAPS. 

PAOES 

Caiiailii (Eastern Sheet) 56 and 57 

L'iiiiaila (Westurn Sheet) 52 and 53 

CiU'K'lon f.'oiiiity 6 and 7 

Eiisteni HL'iuisphere Ii9 

Kitziov Township 38 and 39 

Gloucester " 18 uud 19 

CTOulbourn " 3u and 31 

Huntley " lU uud 35 

Miiuituba, Keewatin, uud Xorth- 

West Territory 60 and 61 

March Township 42 

.MiU'il)orouj,'h Township 20 and 27 

Nepean " 14 and 15 

Xw'th (lower " 46 nnd 47 

Usgoode " 22 uud 23 

Torholton " 43 

I'uited States 64 and 65 

Westi-rii Hemisphere 68 

PLANS OF TOWNS AND VILLAGES. 

Ashton 46 

Bayswatcr 22 

Raytowii 47 

Kci Is Corners 38 

BilHuf^'s' Bridge 49 

I'iri'liton 49 

Britauniaville 31 

Burritt's Rapids 26 

Cathartic 49 

Carp 49 

Clandeboye 18 

tyrviUc 46 

Evansville 49 

Fitzroy Harliour 38 

Gateville 49 

(Iloucester 18 

JiUievilie 4(1 

Long Island 46 

MoLeansville 38 

Muiiotick 35 

Meuhanicsville 35 

Metcalfe 26 

Ne]ieanville 49 

New Edinburgh 35 



MAPS OF TOWNS, &c — Oontinaed. 

I'AOES 

North Uower 35 

Ottawa 10 and 11 

Parkview 49 

liichniond 20 

Uideauville 40 

liockville 18 

St. Joseph 18 

Subdivision of part of Lot 35 1st Con 

Xepean Township 31 

Subdivision of Blocks 1, 3, 4 and 6. Lot 

36, 1st. Con. Xepean Township 46 

part I .f M, " • 49 

L, " 49 

" " 19, Block 6, " 49 

Stittsville 46 

Wellington 26 

Willowdale 49 

VIEWS 

Atkinson, WilHaiii 59 

Baptist Ciiurch, (Jsgootle T..wi>hii) ,"il 

Beutty, I)r '.'A 

Biickluiin, .FohM :ii; 

Butler, W.H 51 

Citizen Printing and I'ulilishingCoinpanv, 

(;. H. Mackinto,sh, Publisher .' IL' 

(lurk. TlinuiM^ 37 

Cluff, Thomi!.^ .-1 

Dooley, William 59 

Eraser, Alien I ,' 

/>(<• Press Printing and Publishing 

House, Ottawa, C. W. Mitchell. Prnp .".l 

(jrant, Jolin 17 

Harris, James ,jl 

Heron, Matthew 2^ 

Hodgins, Adam 59 

llodgins, James 59 

Hope, J. & Co 51 

Hurdiuan, Hubert 40 

Hurdinau, \V. H 4(i 

Johnson <fe Atkinson 59 

Johnston, Joseph 29 

Kidd, Kiehard 04 

Learinonth, U 54 

McKellur, A 5 



Bell.W. I 
Bennett, 

Billings, 
llrowii, Ja 
Burritl, Al 
Clark, Till 
( iileman, 
■ owan, \Vi 
( 'nnimini; 
Idi'.kinson, 
Poyle, Petr 
llawken, 
llodgins, 
Ihirdniaii 
Johnston, 
Kidd, liici 
Lees. Jiol 
.McCuaig, 
MeUonel 
Mel^onel 
MackintosI 
Merritt, lie 
Mills, JauK 



I 



RAL INDEX. 



-Continaad 


i 


I'AOES 

35 


lU and 


11 1 




49 




26 




4t) 




18 




IS 


33 1st Coil 


31 


iiinl (J. Lot 




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4(i 


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49 


ck (5, " 


49 





4t; 




49 




59 


wnnlii]! 


r.i 




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51 


iigC'niiipaiiy, 
lishcr 


IL' 








51 




5!' 
1 ,' 


Pulilisliini; 
itclifll. rrui). 


51 
17 




51 




24 




50 




59 




51 




4ii 




4(1 




5'.l 
•"J 




54 




54 




5 



VIEWS— Oontinned. 

PAUE8 

McLiiui-iu. James 5 

Aliickiiitosli, U. H 12 

Marliii.H 24 

Murks, N 29 

Meiritt, Rev. D. P 59 

Muhr, E 54 

Nulsou, John 32 

Xoiilliyiiiier, A. & S 54 

PurliiiuiL'iit Buildings 2 uiid 3 

Holiind, Williiiiii 59 

Sievright, Jamus 59 

Upton, Williiini 32 

Walkur, Robert 24 

Wood, H. It 24 

WoodliuMi's Steam Printing Establish- 
ment, Ottawa 51 

PORTRAITS 

Armstrong, Judge 9 

Armstrong, Edward 21 

Pakor, G. P 9 

lirtiigs.C. \V 8 

Pell.W. Ralph 45 

IViiiiett, Henry A 20 

liillings, Cliarlef 45 

111 own, Janii's 62 

Ihirritt, Ah^xander 48 

Clark, Thomas 9 

Coleman, A. O F 45 

• owaii, William 8 

I 'iininii-iig.s, Riibcrt 45 

i*ii;kiiison, M. K 48 

n.iyle, Petor fi2 

llawken, V 9 

llodgins, Jainr^ 20 

Hiirdinaii, \V. H 45 

Johnston, James C2 

Kidd, liichanl 62 

Lo.>. Robcit 8 

McCuaig, K. C. W 48 

McDonell, Akxander ,54 

MclJonell, Mrs. A 54 

Maekintosli, C. H 12 

Merritt, Rev. ) ). P 20 

Mills, Jiimes 62 



PORTRAITS -Oontinned. 

I'AUES 

Mitchell, C. W 48 

Monk. G. W., M.P.P 21 

Morgan, Capt. Ira 21 

ODohurty, (J. J 48 

Sherwood, A. P 8 

Sherwood, Edward 8 

.Smyth, William 20 

Sweetland, Dr. J 21 

Walker, Capt. 1! 20 

Waller, W. H 9 

Wright, Dr. II. P 21 

Ilistmical Sketch of Carleton i. to Iv. 

PATRONS' DIRECTORY. 

Kitzroy Township 63 and 66 

(lloucester " 66 

(ioiilbouni " 66 and 67 

Huntley ' 67 

March " 67 

.Marlborough " 67 

Nepean " 67 ami 70 

North (iower" 70 

Cttawa City 63 

Osgoode Township 70 

Torbolton " 70 

REF£RENCES. 

Farm House — • 

School House _ .H^ 

Church ,«, -^^ 

Proposed Railroads ,_ .__„. 

Creeks -<'">C!^ 

Mills .* 

Blacksmith Shop ^ 

Cemeteries - - -T 

Roads 

Railroads 

Scale. — Townships, 5U chains per inch. 
Towns and villager, 10 cbaius. 



ifii 



i 



HISTORICAL 



-OK TUK- 



COUNTY 



OF C 



I 



INTRODUCTION. 

Ill cvnnpiliiiL,' tho follow il|^' l>rit!i skt;tcli of the Mctrupolitan Ccninty 
of \\iv l>..iaiiiiou .»f riiu!iil;i, It is llii- tlo^ii;ii uf tlu' writer tf» i)reat'rvt' 
for its pi'-'plu II l.-iHtiiii; rt-cnrtl nl' its vnrly history, iiuw uxiHting 
4Hily ill tiio uiunmriu:! uf llio laoruai^'oil sL'ttlurs nr in soatteroil ami ilo- 
tac'lii'il frai^nu'iits or privati? iiieinoraniia ami roconls, whiuli are j^radn- 
ally wasiiiiij away. 

Wi.fks of liistory tvur posst'sa ii fiuluifss di;iriu aliko to nM ami 
jDUiig ; to tiiu ol.l iii.inopr, as recalling ree<illt;eUou8 of tho hanUhips 
ftiul vioi^sitU(ie» emlnroii in thu long ago, when l)y imhistry an«l hero- 
iaui till! priiuitivu toivata full lict'oru pritgi*03sivo t'titurprisc, ami the 
I'ertilo ftoil was uiado to bring forlii iiL-r ineruuso ; to the yoiing, an 
atfuffling an t-xainitlo of self-relia!it iutlnstry ami iiitlouutiilile uiiergy, 
wliii'h. lumde'il down iu historical iletuil, auts as an incentive to oinn- 
latioii. 

In the following pages it has been tho writer's earnest endeavour to 
give a laithful history of tho (.'uunty of Carletou from its earliest settle- 
nii^nt to the pre-^eiit time : and ior the Inrlheinnce of this intention, 
and in thu iiro'ccution of the laliors coniicct'-d therewith, he has per- 
sonally c insulted very many of the earliest settlers now living ; has 
examined every availal'le I'liblii- do^Himent and nundierless i>rivato 
mein>ranila bcarini; u]ion i he work in view; 1 1, -is also jiernsed coiuidote 
tiles of tile several newspajiers published in Ottawa, wliicli con- 
tained much vaK:aiile informalion. particularly the Fn-f I'irss, 
and many itamphlet-- and periodicals published from time ti) 
tiii^e with sjiocial reference to |i;irticnlar subjects of interest belong- 
ing t>i the loedity ; and througli these various ehr.nnels has hoeu en- 
abloil to collect some very important and interesting liistorical data cun- 
cerning the settlement, growth, and duvelopnient of the t.'ounty. 

Kspecial cue and pains have been exerci.".cr| in the couipilation nf 
all entertaining sr.i.istieal matter, in the eonhilenl hojie tliat the result 
may answer the dual purpose of a i-oneise history, ami a reliable work 
»d reference. 

t'ertain matter has been vised which has previously appeared in 
print: and. though uol generally available, yd [tereliance it may meet 
tlio eyes of ^onie who have iieiu-ci it lief.ire ; therefore the writer laUe^ 
tlds uccasioii to aHinn that, havuig assisted in tin; collection of all 
sucli matter of recent date, iie has prusuiuoil upon tliis fact, and after 
having subjected the whole ttt careful revision, tlinsf purtioiis only 
liave iieeii iiiferl'd wljieh, in his o]-inion. aiv applicable, without ren- 
dering hini.s-_dl liable to tlie charge of phtgiarisni. 

It Would be folly to claim inat this sketch is wholly free from 
errata or inaccuracies ; but it is honestly asserted that the greatest 
degree of care has been coinbii.eii with most assidiuius labor in onler to 
\ii\ii the peo|deof ( 'arleiou County —not in studied language or learned 
lure, but in the i)l;i.iii phraseology of ti'Uthful narrative -a fair, ini- 
p irtial. Correct, and reliablL' history. 

GENERAL SUMMARY OF THE HISTORY OF THE 
COUNTY OF CARLETON. 

in the following desciiptivt- ontliue ol I In; History of the County 
of t^'arleton, we have deemed best for the jMirpoae of more compre- 
hensively detailing the several matters tmdcr notice, to divide the 
subject into three heaiU, as follows : - 

I. The Natuual Attuiihtks of the Oi^thii r. II. 1t> I'ltuGiiEss 
a;*u Dt:vi:Lo!'Mi;NT, ANh III. It> PuL-.t;Nr foNiuTiifN. 

These divisions tnav be again profitably snbdi\ ided, and fui tho 
purposes of this sketch wo might describe its 
1st. (ieogr.iphieal J'ositiou and Kxtent. 

Und. Topogriiphical Korniation and (;i.'olo;.,'ical (.'haraeteriyties. 
;trd. LaUu' and Hivers, with the natural protlucts of Fureat and 
Stream. 
f 4th. Karly Settlement. 
I 5th. Political History. 
, tith. Military History. 
j 7th. Municipal History. 
n -' Hth. The IMogress ami Development of Kdncatiunal and Reli- 
gious institnii"iis. 
; yth. Agricnliurai Advancement, and the growth of the ilechanic 
i '^rts. 

i^ 10th. The Administration of .histico. 
I' 11th. HigbwavH. 
I Iiith. Kailwavs. 
III.-j ];ltli. Waterways. 

I 14th. (JiMU'ral I'hysical Development. 
( loth. Present Material Resources. * 
Without further jtreamble we will proceed with tlie lirst sub- 
divisinn — the 

aEOORAPHICAL POSITION AND EXTENT. 

The Clarity of i 'ailtiMn is onr of tlir forty-lv\ " count i''s into wliich 
the chief part of Ontario is divide.!. 

It extreme ea.st and weat points lie between the meridian ol 7">'- 



lil', and KJ^ 19' ;U>" west hmgitude, and i! 
.southernmost parts between the [larallels of 4C 
resiiectively. of north latilnde. 

The greatest ihstame betwtx-ii any two poii 
alting a line ilrawu in a N-W-W and S-K-Kdirc 
Corner of the Township of Osgoode to the wes 
Townshiji of Kitzroy, and is about 4Hi miles in 
on account of its [.rcnliar shape, wliicFi is someti 
s.^iiarc, irregular in every j-arl. and withoiiecorii 
marked degree, cannot so ea>ily be arrived at, bu 
at an average of above twenty miles. 

Us integral parts consist of tliirteen iiidep 
divisi-uiH, \ I/. : -..ne City Ottawa ; two iiicoip 
Kdiaburgh, and Uichmond ; and ten Townships 
t ionlliurn, Huntley, March, -Marlburo", Nepeai 
goode, and Torbolioii. i)i these, Ottawa was ton 
of Xepcan, but has long since withdrawn fnnn al 
with the Comity, being now joined thereto (Ui 
position. 'J'liL \ illa.,'u of New Kdinburgh is wi 
tilouce-iter, on the I'tt.iwa River, and separatei 
the City of l)tt:iwa ; and Uichmond is situated \ 
< Hiulburn. on the River tio 'dwuod, a tributary u 
the centre of the county. 

The metes and liounds may be described as 1 
the < iriawa River, with its various lakes and li; 
east by the County of lUissell ; on the soutli-i 
Dnndas and the iddean River, which separate: 
Oieiiville: ami on tlie snuth-west by the County 
at the .sttiitliern point of the Township li Maiil 
southern point ot the County, the division lim 
Lanaik runs a \ery little tt.i the north of north 
Madawaska River near its entrance into the th 
the other boundary from this j)oint, which is the 
II runs in an almost straight course, and in a di 
muth-east, acro-s tlie south-east side of .\!arll 
the south-east end of the Townshijt of North 
nearly due north; but the bouiulary line contii 
tion to the eastern corner of the Townslui) of ' 
the eastern point in the County ; thence it turn 
greater than a right aii^le, and in a direcli<iii 
we>t by north, till it intersects the Ottawa Rivi 
point of the T>twnshi]> of Oloucester, from uhi 
of the Madawaska the l)ttawa forms thu 
dividing the County of t.'arleton in thitario 
Ottawa and Pontiac in the Prmince of t^uebec. 
In regard to territorial extent the County of 
in the Province, containing, exciu>;ive of Otf;i 
acres, divided as follows : — Uichiuuml, l,5lH» 
Kitzroy, :).'j,on ; Oloueester, Si,.'>7:i ; lioulbi 
,"M;,tH10 ; March. 27.1:io; Marlboro', a7,2yo ; N 
i;.)wer. ;J:i,lHlU ; O-gt.ode, '.>0,«l»4 ; and Torbolt 
lie im'luded within the bounds, it contains an ar 
miles, 

DeseriliLMl by the framers of the Bill whieJi 
Act of Parliament fiu-mingthe Dalhonsie Distr: 
( "arletou, the terriloiy thus set apart was as fol 
.\ new District wiih llytown lor its District ti 
the fnlKiwing town.-hiiis cul-.tictt ; — Nepean, <i 
ley, TorboUon,and Kit/roy, nmv forming ]iart 
urst ; Xorth Oower, and Marlboro', of tlie Disi 
(iloncesterand Os-oude, of the District of Ot 
islands lying wholly, i.r in gn-ater part opposii 
District tu he called the District of Dalhonsie." 
At the time of the last Oovernment census 
was:il,37f<, being next after the Ctninty of 
followed ch.sely by Northumberland (;J0,^8:^). 

Hut ihouL'li not the hading Ciuinty in popi 
of the political Coveriimeiit of the nation, O 
being the capital of the !>ominion. The exact 
fhe i'arliainent PuildniuR, which will be refer: 
J.")' :i:i" north latitmh.', and 7^"" 4:i' 114.35" west 
wich, a^ establi.-lifd by Ca|ttaip E. Ashe. R.J 
Quebec Oh.seivalory, for scientiiic purposes co 
dian (Jeolo;jical Survey. 

Chtsely cuiniected witli the physical geogra] 

TOPOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISl 
GICAL FORMATIO 

These two natural features are likewise ver 
each other ; so much so, that from the descrip 
can tell what the oMior is, without a knowleil 
would appear, liowever, that the fitruier is a re 
wlien we say that the surface of the County of 
level, and very .similar in ni'tst respects lo tlie i 
wo ari! simply altirming tliat it belongs to wli 
nominate the ( hanipaign Region, which eonsis 



1 



itt 



RICAL SKETCH 



-OF THK- 



OF CARL ETON. 



Ii;^ lit' :U>'' wi'st loii^^itudu, mill its iiDrthuriitnimi anil 
(.St iiiirts liet«i!fii the lanillcia iif ■Ij'^ .'Ml' ID' ami 44-' 48' 
y, i>( n.irtli liitiiu.lf. 

.'utoat ilisiiiiui. l>utweuii nnytwii |»iiiit8 within its liiiiita is 
V iliMwii in II N-W-W unil S-K-IC dirt'ctiini frniii tin* eastern 
thu 'I'liwiiship lit" (lsi,'m»lu tij the wi'sturu exli-i-iiiitv "i the 
■ if I'ltzmv, illi'l is illicMIt -181 liiik's in extent ; the iire:eltll, 
. uf its |n-enh;n' sli;i|M', vviiicli is HHiiu'ilnng a|t|iH);iehinL^ to a 
eyular in every pari, ami witli imee'rne. iirojectiiii,' ma very 
j^ree, eannnt so easily l)e arriveti at, lait may if apiiliKXiliiati'il 
iij^e of alictve twenty miles, 

I'grul parts eiinsist nf tliirteeii imlepenileiit municipal siili- 

\ iz : -tine I 'il\ tittawa; twn ineurpnrate'l \ illa(,'es New 

I, autl Uielinniinl ; ami ten 'I'uwnsliips -l-'itzroy, ( iinucester, 

Huntley, -Maivli, MarUiiiro', Nepean, N'.irtli (iower, t Is- 

I 'riirliiiitcii. Of these, t>ttawa was tHrnierly within the liniils 
, hut has I'lii,^ since witlutrawii frum all municipal eonnectmn 
'oniity, lieiny now juiiieil thereto unly \>\ its )feiii;raphical 

'I'hc \ ilhf.,'e nf New Kiliiibiirgh is wittiin the 'I'nu nsliip of 
;-, "11 the t_ilt.iwa Kiver, ami separaleii liv the Kuleail Iritiii 
f Ottawa ; ami liiehnniml isaitiiateil within ihe Tuwii-hip uf 

nil the River tin 'ilwund, a tributary uf the Knleaii, ami near 

nf the cniinly. 

etes aiel hniimls ni.ay be described as being on the north by 
aUtvcr, with its various lakes and harbnnrs ; nn the iiurth- 
:n' Cnunty nf Uusaell ; on the south-east by the l.'ounly of 
ml tile Itidean Kiver, which ae|iar.ites it from the Coiinly of 
: and nn ihe s.iiith-west by the L'niinty nf Lauaili. Standing 

rliern ]niiiil nl tlie Township of Mai itmrn', which is also the 
Imint nt the t'nllnty, the nivision line ijetweeli farletoll and 

lis a \ery little io the iinrtli Lif iiorth-we-t till it strikes the 

I Uiver near its entrance into the tittaw.-i. bunking ainiig 

nundary frum this pnint, which is the liideau Uiver, we timt 

.-111 almust straight tuiirse, and in a du'cctmn alnm-t exactly 

, acro--i the Snuth-east side uf Atarlbmn, ,'Uid I'artjy across 

east end of the TuWilship of North Oower, where It bears 
e north ; but the boundary line continues in the same dirtc- 
eastern coiner of the 'rowilsiiip of Osgnudi", which is alsn 

II point in the t'uunty ; thence it turns at an angle suineu hat 
lan a right angle, and in a directinn appmxiniiiteiy nurlh- 

rtli. till it intersects the Ottawa Kiver, at the northernmost 
e 'I'nwnsliiji of tdtincester, from whiidi place tti the mouth 
adawaska the Ottawa forms the nnrihcrly lioiindary, 
iintv of t'arlctun in Ontano fr.im the Counties of 



tl 

I I'nlltiac ill the Province of t^lllebec. 
Ill tu territiu-ial extent the Cuiiiityuf ('arletun i- the twelfth 

■n\ilice, cuntainilig, exclusive nf tittawa, a total of o,")o.'-"Jo ! 
led as b.llows ;'-4ticlinioml, l.o'.lli; .New IMinbiirg, l;;.'> ; 1 
'..111 I ; liluucestcr, >:l,.'i7;) ; (Juulbiirn, li."i,7l4; Huntley, ] 

darch. '27,1 :;:!; .Marlboro', i")7, '."J.") ; Nepean, (■.0.774 ; North 
'.m;ii ; i)-goodc, 1)11,8114 ; and 'i'urbultoii, :!,'i,t),')7. If Ottawa 
I within the boinnls, it contains ai; area of almost 87.'i si|uare 

bed by the fraiiiurs uf the Hill which afterwanls became the 

iliament foriuing the Llalhonsie District, now the County of 

the terriluiy thus set apart was as fullnw.< ; — *' 

striit Willi liytuwn iuv its Uistrict tovwi. to be composed uf 
lowndiips i-idilictl : Nepean, (iuulluirii, March, Hunt- 
i,aiid I'lt/.roy, now funning part uf the District of liath- 

rih liuwir, and Murliiuro', of the District of .lohnstown, and 

rand Osg.i.jde, nf the District of ( ittawa, together with the 

iiig wholly, or in greater part uppusite thereto, the said new 
bec.ilieil the Di.strict of Dallliaisie." 

.! time of the last (luvernnient census in 1871, the popnlalion 
S, being next after the (..'oiinty uf Lumbtun ,y|,ltil4), and 
losely by Northumberland (;10,,'-S:i). 

euiL'b lint the liading County in population, it is the centre 
Ulical I ■nvernmeiit uf the nation, tittawa, the county seat, 
ca|utalof the Dominion. The exact geograjdiical positi in of 

imieiit Ibiildingn, which will be referred to elsewhere, is 4.j~ 
rtli latitude, and 7"" 4i' U4.;)D" west lungitiide from lliecli- 
.'stablislinl by Captain K.Ashe. 11. N., the Dirednr nf the 

lbset\;tlory, fur .scientliic purposes connected with the Caiia- 

logical Survey. 

ly connected with Ihe physical geogmphy of the county are its 

RAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND QEOLO 
GICAL FORMATION 

I two natural fciitm-es are likowino very clnsuly cnnnuctoil with 
r : mi innt'li nn, tliiit Irom tUe (Kjscriptimi uf eitliur, sciuntiatB 
liat tlio ulhorin, without n kiiowludge of tlio Ideality. It 
pfur, liuwuvur, that thu fitriiiur is a rustilt nf thi- lattor ; ami 
V tliat the Huiface of tlio Oniinty uf Carlt^toii Ih particiilarly 
I vrry similar in iimst respt'cts vo the cciuitit's Mimth aiul cant, 
i|ily allinii'tiLi that it hehuiga tu what .-cit'iititic writivs ik" 
tJK^ t'haiuj>aigii lU'giuii, which coiiaiBts of a territory hounU- 



eti on tho Routh l>y tlio Sliii'kslink or Notro-Danio Mountains, which 
louvo till- light liaiik uf ijui St. Lawrcnco ahont uno liumiru^l nnJes be- 
liiw l^tiiulioc, and jiruiluaily ilivurgefiuiu tlio fuiffiu of thai rivir, oji- 
tciiHg t hi' .Statu tif W'liiKint at a jmiiit ai>init tiUy nule.i ^■tuiithuf 
Montreal , un<k'r the nami' nf thu lirci'ti Mi tintain^ ; vvliuncu tlu' ranj^'o 
continuurt wustwanlly nil it Htnkes the ea.itcrn In-iit *>f the valu-y of 
L'lktt t'haiii|ilaiii, jtioiiuil rthieli it .-iWf'.'jis in a .somiu'ily tlin-clion, till 
it nuis inti- ihr A»lIrl^Mlial.■k.^ of U\-,-iti*rn New \t>vk ; tin.' cafti-m 
liniitis "1 whiuh ranyc-.j hilU thi-ii hic. nio the wc.-*ttiii 1 onmlary uf 
the ahovi'-nann-ti iv^'iorj, rnnnnif^ in a norihfily ttireetiun till they 
ttM'inmatu al tln^ Sanit Lawi'i'ini.' rivcr in tlu' neiylitii.rhoud of tho 
Thuusatul Istana.s. 

The nortliiTii '"lUii'lary of this rt'j,'i"n i.s kiiouji a-^ the liUnienfitU'S, 
or Laiirentian Mills, mo ealleil Iroiti Ipemv,' the .siHUheni ))onnilary oi Iho 
LaiirentiaM .sy.-.reiii. a geulooical uivi.-i.-n whieli i-o\tis an innmii.se 
ivact uf eonntry, eehtreni;( in thu vii-inity of lhKl.-iun'H Straits, aiiil 
umjirising thu -greater jm'jiurtiun of llritisli Nui-tii Aumrica, as well as 
111* torritoiie.s ol llie Aivuc eontiiieiit. 'I'hi.-' ran^e of liill-s Ini^s tlio 
eft hank of the SI. I.au leni'', fi'Mn t!i' Ci.Msts t)f lial»iM>lnv, to a p-tint 
ihont twenty miles l-elow the eity uf t^lnenue, wheiv it divi r^'esyr.uin- 
illy inland, hoinj^' oi>i)o.siii) C^Hiuhec, aho.it twenty niiles north ot that 
rity, and auont titty mih'N novfh of Montreal, strikin,' lliu Uiver 
)trawa some rti\ty inilis ahove it.s e tniliieiieu with thu .^t. l«i\\ rente, 
md following its Irtt hank uj' !<> the ' 'uiIm li.i;.iits wheie it cros^t'S, and 
runs in au almost dne sont.'ierly diieetiun, nu-etin;^ thu AdirondaeU 
raiigt; at iho Thousand IsamU, wliiuh are rualiy paits oi peaks of tho 
Lanieutides. flie i'an<,^! at this jHiint in iihout tivu luih-s in width. 
S'lUth of the St. Lawrence it sfu'eads out and euiuprise:* liio whi-lenf 
what is known as the -diioiitla'. k euunlry. eoxuriiig an area of .-oiue 
lO.uiHI Hquare miles ; while iiuithward it also wioen.s, liearing away 
westwaitily till it strikes the tieoigiaii Itay, heyond which — lor iho 
[)nr]Hi!ies of this sketch -it is not necessary further to tiacu its eourse. 
Tims it will hi- seen that ilie County of < arleton i.i u parr nf thu 
t.'liampaiLjn Kegion. a liieli eoiiqiri.-e.s Mu- valiey of the Tpp^T St. 
Lawix'tiei'. ami tin- l.ower (»ttawa, in ( aiiada ; ainl thevalleyoi i/i!;o 
riiamplam, in the L'liUed Stales ; ami like the greater part o, ih.il 
regifJii, thu surface of the country throuj^dn-nt thu major poitioji ot 
Cailetoii also, is very level ; the exception-^ heiiig ao few, and of sUlIi a 
ehar.aeter as lo bu scarce worthy of notice, iia all'ectiiig tho yeiieral 
toiM.^raphy. 

Thu roeks of *hu Laiirentian ran^f, whi«:h tints ch'sely surround tho 
County of Carletun oM three >i"iea, eon<i-t for the ino.>t part (aecordin;jt 
to Sir Widiam Lugan) of ehr\staUmu ftJspatliu- gneiss of eiayish or 
reddisli ct.lof --■eca.Moiially iiiterstratiliud with imoa sehist. i|uai-tzile, 
chryslalliiie limu-stone, ami nia.,'netie iron ore, and interlarded wiili 
i.htiusivu mas'usof giaiiite, syenite, trai). and porphyry. Tlie ahovo 
antliurny divides the l/iutentian series into the upper and lower 
furiiiatiutis, which an- dlstilJ;;lli^^Med from uacli dher \*y the exisleneo 
of ttieiiiii'ui- soda ami lime felspars in the furmer ; wiiile (trt lioelasu 
j or p'>ta:^li fel.s|iar pffvaiU- in t !iu latter ; the i:neisae.s of wiiich, n\ 
I addition to thu otilmelase, are largely made up of quartz and mica; 
while the aiiurthites euusiituting the Lower Lauieiitian aro entirely 
destitiilu of these minur.ils. It is tlie Lower Lauunliiin which jpredum- 
iiiates 111 the (itlawa Valley, onlioth M<les the ruer ; and it is a rather 
remarkal'le lael thatthriv: varieties of ehiy.stalliiie limestone, admirahly 
adapted lo budding purposes, are found iii griMl abundanee for a com- 
paratively .sliort distameboth alioveand below Ottawa—less fieipiently 
as the distance ineie.ases -aii'l never in the e\treuiu east or west of 
the range. An iiiea of the vast cpiantities existiii;^ in this locality may 
he formed from the laer that Sir William L"gan ineai'ured a seetion of 
tho total thickness of iJi^.T.MJ lineal bet, beiii^' upwards uf six miles of 
strata. 

A |)eculiarity of t!ie Lauruntidi-s is that these bods of ruck aro 
greatly cuiTU^aied. and "dip" al high angles to the h<uizon. Along 
the < 'itawa \ aUey tlie " strike" is a little west i.f Kouth, or nearly at 
right angles to lliu boundary uf the formation ; while in the Lake 
Superiitr country it is said to be a little Huulh of wefit. Sir William 
l-ogaii emniieiales the eet>iiomie metals of the Lanrontian system 
as eonsi:siiiig of ii..n, lead, j'lnmbago, phosphate uf lime, luica, 
iron p,> rites, baryta, marbles, niill-slmies, biiil'lnij,', and fla--stoiios ; 
besides ornamental .stones, aueh ascertain varieties of teUpars, si.ri>en- 
tinesaiiil porphyries; also gold and copper, which have ao lar only been 
di.seoveieil in .MiiaU ipiioilitie.s .loiiie authorities denyiiiLT cnliiely tlio 
existence i>\ the furiiier, ;'.iid other.s as strongly asserting il. The 
development of the hidden mineral tniasnrus in tlieir ecomtiiiie 
character lias been steadily pfog es-ing lor the j>ast lew years ; and 
within inght i)f the Parliament Luildings- but ou the ctppuaite side of 
thu Uitawa mines are now in Micces-ful operation, of iiemly every 
mu'if lln' metals above mentioned. There nre inexhaiisnblu beds of 
phosphate iui«lerlying iilmust the wlu-Iu co-miry surrounding Hull — 
upposite tJttawa - while, in variims directions. ndiiOM have been opened 
and iaiiiieiisu ipianlities of saiiiistone,- . marbles, and variou.-. kinds of 
Iniildiiig Moiif taken out, as aho ttf iron ore, wld*'h i- oi the magnetic 
vai illy, and tim-Ht ijiiality. I'lumbaji^o is also taken out in huge <|;aan- 
tines *: silver exists abumiaiiil.s ; mica, of supi-r.or ipiality is plentiful; 
and asbesto.-* ui (he hnest variety, ami in any desirctl quantity, is 
(ditained. This is now uuedinthe manufacLuru of a. uou-combusliblo 



^ 



It. 



1IIS'IX)RICAL ski: TCI I 



HpfcicHof fult, tthii^li rimliu" tlio Ix-wt kmnvn Hulinluiin' l<tr l.i.ilti- > ..v.i 
higi iukI Hifum |)iii-kiii|j. Irciit |iynti'<t (Mulplnirrt <•!' mmh) wIiuIi ih 

UXti II.S1\I'I) l|r4Uil III tllU Illltnilt'UUtlll'l' nt' Hill |')UI I'lC UChI, illul I't Miipcr- 

lilicHiiliiiktH, iH lu-i-u <i)ptiiiiii'<l ; whilu tlio [irclnctiuri i>t' |i)i>H|i)i(iti>n, in 

tllt'il- {'lll'i-Ht liHtlll-Ilt tttlltl-, llllH tif lutV U-^HtllUl'<l cXtl'll^iVc tiKiJirMliiillK, 

AiiiHiiy till- i"tH;t'iil ilifti-HVi-rieM of i-cniioiiiir niiiiuniU, iint h(iiIi'<I liy '**ii' 
U'lltiiiiii UoijHii.iiiay Imj iiiiiiili"iit'<l Auuliiiittolltc iiinl Ittilr. 'I'hc furnii'i' 
IN Ik riii't' itiiil valiiuiiK* Viinrty nt MiH-k I'liixhc cIkn , ^iiHi't-iitililr tn tlit> 
urti'iii (if iu|'i<l wjiur, whii'li |'n>i|iifiH in it jilif I'Imh ijilf of cvtu-nii' 
pliumy, alnlf tlir nillutiiri' i>t ihc Hun uill s.i.in a:;inii \n,i\\v \\ as Imiil 
iiH tlii.t, It IS uIm* )iil{IiI,\ .Hi)tr(.-litilp|<' t<> ]m.1i.h|i mi't (cloMiin;;, lpy any 
niutul willi whieli it nmy liu Imrni.Hlii'tl ; mul in ihc uiii^inal " li.^nrt.' 
.Htoiiu" nf tlio Ancifnt ^ll^ullM. 

III. It* is a .snliftaiu'i' wlii. h L,M-iIi'i,'i^t.s IiaM- rinf*iK-<-ii'«i \-> <mhI in tin' 
Ijamviiliaii t'Hrlllallf^n t>>r a Imic^ tiiiu>, ImiI it ua* ••iil> la("1y ili~<t'>>\t'ifil 
!•>' a Mr. i MiuHtcail, mI Hull. It i^ a natural |iiv;iii<'nl ••(' a rnhti^li 
l>riiii/c ri>|iiiir, " i'ca<ly ini\u>l," ami i^ Imiinl in hhIkI Imt \ irliliii'^ una 
f^utj*, i(f tint jivui"aL(i' Ni/.u uf a miialliHli uforn, in t-Tiix iia--* of Hdliil ipiart/ 
ruck. It <.iily riqiiiii!- In Iio tiikori lu'Hu-i-n iln- tiiiL,'i'i>. •iicl inliliuil 
aj^aiiiit llh' arii'-lr iiiteiitli'il I" in* |iainlf*l. anil il ih iiur.>c!*Hril nf sncli 
I'st lat'r.Iiiiary 'litln-iun |.rH|it'rlii'M tlial a u-iy Minall iiiiLtm-l will i-ovi-r 
a Hiir|,riniii:;ly lar;,'i* area. It in ninsiilfrc'l as a ni"-*l valiialilt- iliMnviry. 
Tin' ImliaiiH kin;\v of its i-xistfiiiv ami ilH iim* Iimil; lu-ton- tin- f.".t i>f 
wliiti'Mian tr-xl tin.' I.auivniiaii llitl^nf tlio < >traua Valley ; lait IIiuuk'Ii 
it4 tiHi' ami till' fact o| itn i'\i>tl4'ii< i> Were als<i kiiowii to ouv nu'n of 
.scifm-i', tin' Im-alil} of its i;xi!*ti'iuv uai* lo,-.! to .mrran' nndl ai aliovt- 
nuMiti'iru'il within a vury mIioiI t inn.'. ,\ \anfly of \Nliiti' nainl ^«toin' 
haw aU.. ivri'iitly luHiii ili»covfrr'l, wliiuli j'liiM's to I If a very valnaMi' 
auxiliary in tin- iiiannfartiin' of -^'las-*. 

1>ii the iiiK.irio Hiiti- of tin- Ottawa, wiihin tht> liiiiitH nf Carhi- 
toll, ami within the Hontlu'iii s|iiir of ih<- l.anrL-nfiaii raii;^o, tlic v<>i-y 
lim'Ht inaum'tif iron up i Hiipfrior iiho-,|.hati'- Iuul- hmi iii>i'ovt*rt'tl. A 
lit'<l of tills troll ore i->vui-saii an-a of almiil a luiU' in t'Xtcnt in tlu' 
'rovviishi|i of Kit/ioy ; vvliili- largi- iinantitns of |.lios|ih;it)' iiiiiU-riii.' tlif 
iron Iti'il, aixl art- foiiinl in otin'f localitn-s tiii-ai^lioui tin- county, tin* 
Town -hill of (llnuci'sti'r |ius8t'ssiiiu' a Vfi;\ lari,'u aria of pho^phati' laiiil.'*. 
Tin- tiiM'st ktiiiwn .siu'ciinciiH of -^rny fcl-par aic foiiiiil on In-tli shIcs 

the llivtr I ntawa. Thi- sulistani v is now m f tin- ni-u iui|iortaitt 

an\ili;trifs in tin- nia .iitactiiri' 'if the hcsl (jnalilius nl' |>ori-i'laini'. 
(>tln;r .siHU-M of ^Mcat variety ainl in p-eai tinantiticH art- aluo tniin<l. 
Thi'v aiv chii-tiy ornanicntal stones nonu i>ul thtMlhove lieiir^ <»f eeono- 
inie |>i'iiii-i[iles. 

\Vhitt' mail of k""»1 Muality iileiitifully exiHts tliioii-hniil the Town- 
.•^iiip of (iloiKester ; while in ) tarts of Nepean a Jiilieioiis altlinilia i.s 
fouii'l. This is of a pinkish white colour, of the most valnahle eoin- 
nieivial ehara.lev, ami uf a cnnHisteiiry so vevy h'l'* li?* t" he almost im- 
puicupliMr to the seiisi- of iVeliie,' when niMii'l hetweni the hn^^ei -. 
(ialeiia is aNo fonml in \arIon^ parts o| tin- t'.MniI\, 
I'ntil witlini a cnmp.natively recent Wale the Kaureiiiiaii nu-ks 
were helieveil hy ■,'eohi;,'istH to he -r..)/.-, m- without any evitleiioes of the 
existence of animal life iliirint; llii* perioti of their formation. Late 
tliscnveries have estahlirtlieil the fact, Imwi \er. (hat the fornis known 
as ti>-:"n,i are allieil to ftissils of in on- modern \\ pe p;iil nnlai l_|, to the 
Fovamitiifera of the piusunt ilay. Mr. A. (iarielt, oi ititawa, .hIihwuiI 
us a iietritit'il mu"",, t'ltmiil, ii.f\ iliseovereil recently hy rroluHsor Daw- 
»>>u in the vicinity ui Pertii. A« a specimen of tlie in r' /<>■;„.( „i„ni >•/ 
i'ir<i'i"i' it is lertainiy of ^^real -eieiilitic iiiture»t, while its yreat rarity 
also iiiipai'ts to it an intrinsic value. 

It I- the opinion of I'lolessor I'l II, of. tlie (Jeolo^'ieal Survey I'f (*an- 
aila. that the pre-ence of graphite ami other earhonaceoii-' inaltiT of 
phospate of lune, ami the carhoriate of lime, in smh alninijance and 
even the iron ure^ form further e\t'lence implyiiii,' the ixistelne of 
animal and [ijaiit ti'e dnrim,' the Laureiitian | erioil. 

The t-'hampai^'u rei,'inii nf ( 'aiiada. in which pi-edi-miiiate .several 
fiu'iii' -if what iH known as the Lower Silurian .series of rotk.H. eonuius 
an ai«-a approachiiiL< ten ihousami s<piai'e inile.s ; ami may )>e appro\i< 
Miaiely de-i(,-ril>eil as a trianyle. whose ;ui;,deM are in tlie iinineiliate 
vicinities of tlie citie- i.f (.im-hec and Ottawa, and /he fool of Lake 
f'hamplain. < ienloi^d.st- divule the Low«r Siluiian into seven foiina- 
tiohs. all of which are present in the vicinity "f ( Ittawa, ami in various 
parts of the t.'ouuty of t,'arletoii wlmse entire area is mcliuhd within 
the I'ounds of tin- region where the Louer Silurian |>ivdomijiate>. 

A hrii'f e\[ilanation of these seven formations miuht ind he out nf 
place. Tlie\ are: (1,, I'otsilain ; if, t 'ahiferoii-. ; (i!^,-' 'ha/v ; (4). 
lUack Kivia-': (.'i;, Trenton ; li , Ttica ; (7). Hudson liner. W ith ihe 
exception o| the -. formation these ha\e heeii n.imed h\ .Anieiieaii 
1 ieidoi^ists, Irom the loc-ilities witliin their own roniiti), in wliieh tiny 
were respectivily lirst or iirincipaily di.si-overed, and the n.inies are re- 
tained hy our own seientist.s for the piirpo.se of i^reater Ci'iivenieiiee of 
eomp.ii ii'Oii het weuii the two eoiinlries. In adilition |o the n.mii' 
•* lll.icU Uiver," tlieil) formation i> also eatled the " llndseyi'." from 
the peculiar form and appearance of a fo,-,>iI la.'i^ely existiii;^ in il, 
Tin y ail' always niimhered in the ;iscendiie^' onler : that is, .supposing,' 
all the formations of the Lower Sihiriiin scries to exist in anyone 
locality, the " Pots.lam' w.Mild In* nmleriiealh. then the "' ilciterous," 
iVr., while the •■ Hudson liner" would lie upperiMo-.i and in-xt lielow 
the lii-st formation of the Middle Silurian series, or other of a lii^'lnr 
order, as the ease might he. One woiidurfiil fact connected with the 
seieiieo of (Jeolo^y, is, that the varion-* series and formation-- are (*•'■' c 
met with excejit in their o f'"''"' '"''''■.' although it is .seMom the case 
that any laix'e nnnilier o| kindrol formalions exjst in the ^anie place 
— the earth lieing lormeii hy \aiious processes, and at various remote 
and long intervening periods of time one fornialion heing jieeiiliar to 
one proce-^.s or interval -another to aiiotlier the same process ot in- ' 
terval tthnnis resulting in the s'lmr forin itinn ; and tIie4'eason why all 
do not i'xi--t in t In-ir regular order nf th- ■.■(oh i'l<to . is that tho-e va. i- 
iius individual intlneiiees have acted -allliougli at the ->''»(■ finu- ntill 
in ditt'erent and often widespread localities. Thus it is that a geoloiist, 
as soon as he sees of wliat the tiist formation helow the clay is composed, 
can tell to a lurtiiinty all the various fnrmations w hicli '■>iini>>t he found 
in tiiat jitaci' -although nothing hut actual I'xi'erinient can tell which 
ol the underiyiiig -Irata ininj there exist. 

The descri|»tion of the f<u*ination.s of the Lower Silurian series, is 
liri'-lly as folluwfi : 

(I) I'ntx'Intn — A hard, liglit-jgroy sandstone, varying frtun :inii t.. 
TOO fet^t in thicktic" -thtmghl to he a shallow water or dioal deposit, 
and fwund ■•kirtingth« " seadioundary" of the Laurcntides .all the \s\\\ 
from the Thousand Islands to Laln'ador, [larlicularly in parts ot the 
County of Cavfeton. 



iJ) '■'(/'■(^MM.i.i- (So caded fioni its liineda'ariiij 
locality of the chief development of tluH forinalioi 
hlue-({i'ay iii'igiiesian limestone -jh in tliu eiiuiitr> Im 
Kroekville, wliere the thii kiiesH of the vein i- in th 

;HHlfi.e(. 

;t) ' /oii'f Kciirring piin<ipally in the (Mtiu.i 
I'eiulil'oke and Moiitri'al, in which region it eunsiHls 
of gravish lime ntoneN, miiid stones, and shales : tin 
e\feiisi\elv used for Imildllig stom-, 

M) /;/.;./, i:,>'., ■ alsocilled lln;hr,. if..rmit 
dark-u'i-ey Intumiiious liniestoiies, with tiiter-<lratitied 
lielllg ft'"lii !"'<» to 'JOilfeet in thliklieSH. || |scp.| 

hnildim; piirpKses Ihrongliout < arleliiii, and some i 
in the city of ( Mlawa are eoiiiposed of this variety. 

('.) Ti'nfoH very similar to I), though e\istuig 
area, and in more wiiiety scattered joeaht le^*. It > 
gate thickness of prohahly (inn feet of liitumniou- 
Ntiatilied with layers of liitnmiiioiis shale. The lied 
supply maleriiil for the hiiest liiiildiiigs of OKiiw.i 
tival and <,hh'hee 

(! f'fii-i u In H k liitiiniinouN slate or shale, possi- 
pnipurtit'H, and alionndiiig in fossils. It is almiil M>< 
III Hntaiio, where it is found in many places 
\ieinity of (Mtawa. This stone is now sn|tplyiiig 
lithognipliicstone fnnn Lavaria. It retails at .'. ceiiis 

Ikivatiaii I'osls oc. to [He, per Ih. It has I n •pule 

iluced into ^nliie »{ the hest lit ho-lapliic est ilillxlili 
cilie.'-of t anada and the I'liilcd .'stales, and in said 
Well with Ihe Kavariaii stone, except for \i-ry line wi 
liiicsl Hpecimeiis of litliogi'a])hy which we lia\e se 
from the t'aniidian stone. 

7) llii'i^ni, /t'orr. This fojniution varies in char; 
iiicy in vaiions localities. Wlnle it is fouiiil throng 
layer of ahoiit 7"i» feet .il drah clay, shales and 
lietwciii -Montreal ami (^neluc to a formation of gieei 
civnis !-hate and grey sandstone : aii<l again toward 
Lawrence it developet* into greyish liniestf.nes eon 
alioiit L'Xi" feet in thickness. It occurs more in -i 
most i.\ the other formations of the .series to which it 
these |)atehes lia» hueii found to exist a sh<ir( <listai 
Ottawa City. 

The trtaiigiilar-Hlmped territory alto\t* descrilu'il a^ 
llegioii. IS of asimil.ircharactcr in the rocu formati< 
superllcial strata -tu the gnat valley of cential and 
Hoiith of the Laurent ides hoth heing under laid l>v 1 1 
seric^. Tin- MUperlicial clays and sands of hoth (In 
prohahly formed at the same time, though under dill'ei 
the eastern one hy the action of the watei - ..fllie.ti e; 
daiitly proven hy the cMsteiice of great nuinheis < 
togetiier with the hones of sea lishes and mammals, \ 
found up to the eastern ami southern hoiindaries of 
hilt no further ; while those of the westtu-n section v 
of fre>h water action ; no organic remain- having yet 
west of the Chats liapids and Thousand Islands' *spu 
(iiles, l.eyoiid fragments of wood, and soine land and f 
The stnititied clays tif tlie western section are of j 
thickness than those of the eastern, ainounting to 
throngliout that section of Ontario hi tweeii Lake K 
I'ody of Lake Union, Those overlv iiiu' the eastern .-( 
C.uleioii C.iunty forms a part arc known as du- Led; 
large 'piantiiies of a certain variety of sliell which oeci 
were originally very pr<idiictive ; hut -in indolent syatv 
coiitinne.l cropping, and want of proper rotation of 
the eauseof a wonderlul deterioration of large tr.ictso 
the tinest lands on the continent. 

.\ sketch of the geological characteristics of Carleti 
incomplete without reference to the vast heds of pi 
large urea- within its iiinits. and which will, heyond a 
some future day the >ource of the greate-t wealth a 
Ottawa and the Ottawa Valhy. A corporation known 
I'cat Company, of which Mr. \. t.iarrett is the Seciv 
upon wiiich It is estimated there ale over twenty mi 
tliis suhstance. .\ very careful scientilic estimate jd 
existing on a strip of f.utyseveii acres of their laud 
tons, 

.\lr. (Jariett is an expert in miner.alogy, and a d 
lands. His ottice, opposite the Parliament Itiiilditig: 
;i,Oiiii specimens of t'aiiadian nr.nerals. many of whii 
rarity and great. Valium. 

We inspected liere nunurous specimens of tlie 
'• nodules." wliicli possess mneh scietitiiic interest, 
chietly in Cieen's Cnek. mar Otl.twa. They are [ 
various si/.es and shapes, and many of most fant:isticfi 
tain, eiiclosi'd within a " r«dl" «>f what was once clav. 1 
almost eveiy species of fresh and salt w.itcr tish. and 
craw dish, iVc, \c. There is a very tine variety > 
various [ilaces throuu'hout the locality, and the ali 
through .some of the depo.sits. These petrifactions 
the lir>t instance hy the "wave" motion of ilu- wut 
animals over ami over until a quantity of tliiselay stue! 
(he lignre the approximale outline of the .specimen j( e 
in sol, le case- \ery much larger. Tlu: chemical action 
then petriticil the wlede mass, after which the '' wav 
originally formed it. has worn it down as smooth, ii 
polishi'd nnirhle. When heated to a proper ti'm[ierati 
nles' seiiarale exactly in the midilh'. disciveriiiu'. it 
ftirinalioit, whatever relic of the past age the plastii- i\ 
have rolled in their eiuhrace many ages ago. Wti hay 
piM'css of forinatiiiii of these nodules, as one of petri 
It is scientifically known as induration. The eliemii 
two processes vary somewhat though the result is 
same, as viewed from a iiojailar stand-iioint -and as si 
are .Lreiierally known as petri hict ions. 

'Though these nodules are, alisohitely speaking vi_ 
from a geological stand-point, mostly id" a recent i.ri 
some tive or.'-ix centuries. One specimen, however, I 
ered. which hulongstoa period which d.-ite.-* hack e\ele; 
the historic age. This contained the .[aw h.nie of a 
ami was in splendid form— even the enamel of the 
state of jierfect preservation. The scientific infereucL 



:al sKi-rrcii of the 



i.i (So calltjil I'l'oin iH linii'-ld'iii 111^' i'ltaiiU'tci'. Tlif 
■liii'f <li<vi'l>>|»ii('rit 'ti till.'* f>>niiiitM'ri wlilcli i^ :i <lark 

Hliill lime Ht<*ll<' -ii lit ill'-' unlllllr) ImM Ween nttlUMl illl'l 
1) lIlL' lIlll'klll'SH llf lIlU Mill i- 111 llitt |U'l(,'llliMr||UH<l III' 

ivlllTill;< pl'ill' ipiilly ill III,' IMIlM.l Viillry, l"'l«'i'll 
l"IIIM''ll, ill wIlK-ll |-|'iri"ll it I'rillsiHU "f tllli'lll I'll' t'lj'.'l 

■'I"iu'i, imiii'l h|<'ii('-4, ami rihuli'H : tlii- tw<i f"niu'r I'l'iiiu 
I f'tr liiiililiii;; "{"lie, 

I'l /- ' uIh'i imIIi'iI t!irih''ir l f'lt-liiil i'lll "t' liilliill Ktl il 
iiiiiUH liiiu>'«t"ii<'.s, \\ illi iiitt'r'4tralilii'<l rtliali-ii ; llu' wlii'It' 

I" '.'llll fl'''l ill lllli'kll''.1.i. Il 1.1 ri'llsiillTll'ly IHt'lll'"!' 

■-4 tlir"iiL;li"iii I at'li'I"ii, iiii'l '4"iiM' "I' lIu' liiirni lilni-kK 
la»a aru r"iii|"'Hc'l t>i llii.i vari»'Iy. 

\'ury similar I" I), lli"iii„'li I'Mnliii;,' "VtT afar lir"a'lrv 
If witM'ly Mcatlvrfl I'Talil It'!*. Il t'uniiHlM nf an iiyyi-t-- 

f |iii.liii'l'ly liiiii fii'l i.f liiliiitii 1- liitii'sl'.ii,'^. iitlfi'- 

lyi'is "I l>ittliitlit"ti'' shall'. Till' liiil- "f llti" In tit il i"it 

f'lr till' liiii'il liiiil'liiiUH "I' illlan.i, l\iM'."<l"ii. .M"ii 
u. 

Mark liitiiiiiiii"iiH.Hlali' nr Hlialc, ["•iicisini; I it In "./raj 'It i<' 
tii"iiiiiliii^' ill f".'*tiU. It ii4 a)"itil lull I'i'i'i ill iliifKiici- 
I'l' il il ff'itit'l ill tiialiy plai'ci .ittftt:,' "titers in tin' 
wa. 'I'liis .tli'tiL' is it"» siti'i'lyim,' llii' I'lai'r "f llii' 
10 t'i'niii llaval'ia. 1 1 I'l'lails til .'. I'i'iil.i jii'l' lli., wliili' ||iu 
ic, I'l UK', I'l'l' III. Il has lii'i'tt i|ilil<' I'Vli'imiM'ly itttni- 
' "f llll' I'l'.il lilli"'jt'a|.iiii' I'll'il'li'.lilttfiilM "f til,' J.U'-,. 

att'l llll' I'tiit'''! .■^lalf*. ati'i l" li-il'l I'"* atlHMcf njiially 
i\atiaii mIi'Iii', cSci'i't t'.it \i'ry liia- »"i'K. S.'titi' "I" llf 
IH llf litliii'^l'ai'liy uliirli \\L' lia\(' ici'lt alt' iiiipii'!*sinii^ 
lali Htdlii'. 

I'i'i i\ Tlli.s f".ltiiuti"li xat'ii'r* ill I'ltat-ai Irt' jiii'l f'tiHisl- 
l"<'allli('H. Uiitli'il is t'lillit'l llii'"ii;,'li"tll I Itil.it'i,, a.l a 
7IIII fi'i't 111 ilrali I'lay. slialrs att'l tnails, it i liaiiy,.. 
Ill ami (,Miijlii'C 111 a f"niiali"ii I'f ;,'i'<'i'ii att'l yrry ai-i'ita- 

Ui'i'y similsttiiK' ; tittil a'.<aiti tnwai'd tlii' littif <il" St. 

'Vfl'ipfS illlc L'I't'\isll IlllU'slntlts I'l'tltaillltti^ sllJila llf 
ill lliirktii'ss. It "I't'llt's tiM't'i.' ill >tiiall pal(')ii'> lliati 
■r l""t'tiiali"liH of till' sci'it'B I" u liicit il ln'l"ii','s. I lin- ,.f 
,s lii'i'ti I'lilli'l t" i'\isl a sli"t't 'li',tatii''' S"iitli-t.a«t nf 

r-slia]ii'l U'l'iiti'iy almM' 'li'sirilu'il as tlii' I 'liaiiipiiinn 
uiiiihi'4'liat'aL'ti'l' ill till' I'li'tv fi'i'iitat t"ii tlii'lt'i'K in:^' tl.s 
I -t'.' till' ^'I'l'tlt Viilli'V "f iitiltal anil U'sli-iti niilatiii, 
iititiliilcs li"tli lii'iti',' iiii'l'T lat'l I'V IliL' I'lKi'f Siliii'iaii 
ii'tlirial i'lays ami siittils el' i"'tli tlti'st' si't'tiitns vvcri- 
1 at lliusanif litm-, llfitt^Ii tltnli'i' ililli'i'i-tit I'it't'iitn^t.nt"'' 

M' liy llifiictii'tt llf I lie H, -It I'l- "ft I '■oaii.whiilt i. al'iiii- 

ly till' I'Xisli'ttO' "f ','H'al iiiiml'i'rs "f iiiaritu' -lii'lls, 

ic ti'ilii's llf si'.i lislii-s iitt'l itiatiitiials, witioli have tici'it 

I'asli'i'it atlil si'illlti'l-tl li'itlli'tat'ii-s iit tin- i.aill'riitiilr-, 

while lli'isf llf thi' UL'sli't'it s'-ctii'it wit'u llic licpustts 

.cli"ii ; It" iil'^'attii' ti'tiiaiti- li.'u ilig yet lii'uii 'li-ii'Vti'i'l 

Is Itiipi'ls alt'l 'rif'ttsati'l Islaliils' .spur of the Laitt-iii- 

•iL,'tiutits I'f wii'i'l, ami siiiiti' laml ami ft'ish wati'i' shills. 

I flays "f Ihf ut'stfitt sffli'.ti al'i' 'if a m'fatuf .i\ f raL,'i' 

tlii'Sf 'if tlif easli'i'ti, aiti'iitititiii,' li. ali"itt L'lil) fffi 

si'ftinu llf Oiitiii'ii) iMtwi'ftt Lakf Ktif att'l Ihf tttaiti 

li'It, 'I'li'isf 'Hfi'lyiii!,' Ihi' faslfi'ti .-I'ftiiui d « hith 

fi'tttis a part .iff lili"«ti as tlui l.f.la clays, fnnii the 

f a cft'taiti vai'iily "f slnll wltii'lt n.-fiii' in' tluni ; att'l 

ty pf'i'ltlftlVf ; hill an ittil'ilfiit .-ystftii "f Ittisliali'll'V, 

itj;. atnl want <if pfupfi' i'"liiliiiii ul' f t'tips. Itavf lifen 

k't'liil ili'tfriiii'aliiiuiif large tracts i if what Wfi'e niice 

n till' ei'tiliiif lit, 

•;u"l"!,'ii'.il fli.ii'acteristiea llf Carlet'iii wi.iihl l,f Vfi-v 

II leferellff tii the vast lieiLs nf peat, wliirh enveV 

Us lilnits, allil whifll will, lii'yiniil a ,|.iuli|,l,ffi,i,if at 

the suitref of the (irealf-t Wfaltli att'l pt'ispefitv In 

tt.iwa Valley. .\ ,.'i't'p"tati"ti klinw ii as the .\|ff i'.hti 

f whii'll Ml'. -\. Ilat'l'ett is the .Sffi'i'tar\ , 'lutis l.inils 

esttnialeil there ate nver twi'ttty tiiillin'ns nf tmis nf 

\ lery eai'efill s,'ielitilie esltinate plnces the ainniiut 

p nf f'ltty-sevcn acres nf their laml at nver liiiti.iinil 

111 e\|ierl in iiiitieralii,','y, ami a ileahr in niinefal 
, "pp'.siti' the rarliaiiielit l!iii|,|tii',;s, enulains n\,.|' 
f I'.ina'ltatl liiinel'als, manvf which. ire nf e.Mretne 
aine, 

hi'te tntntel'nus -p.'cinu'ns nf llif ei'lel't.itu'l clav 
Il p"Ss.-ss nuich scniltilie ititet'cst. Tltev are f.iiiiiit 
s Creek, near nit.iwa. Tliey ate pelnf.tctinus, "f 
lia]ies, .iitil litany nf iimsl faiil.i.stie fnriii. They cnii- 
liiti a " riiU" llf what wasnltee clay. Intt is imw ntnlie 
es nf fi'esh alt'l sail water lislt, ami fns.^il.i nf fi'u.-s' 
'ritere is a very line variety "f plastic ehiv^ti'i 
111'. iil','lli lilt the Incality. ati'l tlie .'ili.ive creek rttit.s 
the 'lep'isits. Thi'S't petrif.'tcti'ins were fnrnieil in 
li> tlte "wave" iiintiiiti nf the water rnllin^- tlle.se 
verunlil a iptaiilily nf this clay si nek tn th,ii^i;iv in,, 
I'.Nilnale "illline "f th,'spe,'itii,ti it c,<iitaitis ih"iti,'li 
nilt'li lal':,'er. 'I'lie chemical actinii ,.f the witter ll^is 
vvlmle mass, after which the "wave" iictinii which 
il. has W'.rti il iliiwii as siii,i,,th. in itmny cases, as 
When llcateil In a pl'n|iel' ti'ttipcratlire, tli'cse " im.l- 
lly ill the tniil'lle, ili.senv.'iiit-, in all its perlc I 
r f'lic nf the past a;,'e the plastic ehu s ,,f I •.ii'lft,,!, 
11 , iiilirace liiaiiy a^'.-s au'ii. We have 'tiietiti.'ti,.! th,. 
11 ..f thes,' ll'i'lnles, as '.lie nf p,.|i'ifacli,'ti lit. liiiii 
1,'wii as in.litrattnti. The cheniii'.il , aiises nf the 
.snllluwliat thnlt'^h Ihf tesltit is practiiallv lite 
1,1 a p'.piilar staii'l-pnint -ami as such, the m'.iliilcs 
,Mt as petrilactiiins. 

lules are. alisnliitely speakiii;;, Very .il.l. Iheval'c, 

tali'l-piiint, tii'isll.v ill a recctil nrii;iii. ilatinij'liack 
illttiries. One speciliU'Il, hnwi'Ver, has lieei, liiscnv- 
,'s Inn ],erinil wliii-li ilate,4 hack cych's .if lime lieyniiil 
This cniitailieil Hie .law Imnf ,,')■ ,, I li',.,.nl,.ni,l "seal, 
i'l fnriit — even the etiaiml nf the teeth lieiii;,' in a 
■usurvatiiin. The scielitilie iiiferelice fl'ntii Ihe alinve 



IS III Ihe lirst plac that a lite litii'' w lli'tl lllal allitnal ll\ e,| ami 
liH'athi'il. the vicinily "f (MtavMi «at env teil liy Ihe nceaii while ilry 
laii'l Ills" evist'"! nea't liy . 'I'liis latnl was plnl'.il'l.l tliepreseiil l.aiir 
I eiitian Hills, aii'l ihe then licl nf lite .sea is imw the I.eila 'lay rei{i"ti, 
iimlerl ml hv Ihe l.nW'er.'liliiitaii. iliil a fii' I "f niiicli urealer «cieiililie 

itilerest I'slahlishe.l I'V tills ili.eiively, is llial Ihe iteiKlll'nrlliinil I.I 

(iltawi Was at that liine an exeeciiitiily ii'hi '•"iittlty siieli as the 

.\teltc lej.nlis Imw are ami. enlls.'ipti tllly, thai lite ilate "f llie neeltt- 
fence cMeliils itil" it p''ri"'l Willi tlte .tiiti<|ititv "I tthiell llle 'j'nwer "t 
I'.al'i'l. the I'yiallliiU, illlil even I'lealtntt itself as we are pnplllal 1)' 
tait'.jlit I" iiiiilcrsliitiil it pales inli, iiiAi^'iiilieaiiee. 

.\ii"tlii'r 'listiiiHiiisliiii'.^ feitlitru "f the lii"l"ei''al ehariteterislies lit 
rarlel'ill ali'l ill,' last we shall imntlnli III litis cnilexinn is lite 
evistellei' llf ttlllnelntt- lilillet'al spfinHS, the variety nf wllnse waters is 
"Illy e'liiiilh'l l.y tliuir niiiiiliei', .'snnie are strnie^ly ittipi'emiiile.j with 
siilj'hiir "llieri willi sail nijiers ii^uin liiitintinniis, HJiile a few eniii 
I. Ill'' sineral llf Ihe ahnve-nieiilinne'l cliar.icleiisties Tin- waters fmiii 
.1 tiiinilier nf tliciii pi.ss.'ss nmsi iitiiiiistakalile ami vaiualile nieilii'iiial 
ami 1 itrativ.' prnpitlics 1 ami iii si'venil hi'ii'iiies, inv ili'l waleriii'.; 
places (w hi' It we w ill relit I" lii'ire III len((lll. elsewhel'i') lia\e liL'ell 
estal.lislii"l. wliii'h have mcl with tmire iir li'ss siiceess ; lull wlmae 
111. 'tits lire l.fi'iittini,' iiiniv '.;' ii'ially ii.lmilif.l. in prnpnilinii as tlte 

p,'"pl.' llf' I'ci itii; aeipiainti'l Willi tlies. titic pi'n|,erlii's "f their 

natural mineral waters, ami the vistlile result- ,,1 llnir ap|ilicalinn. 

W till tlte aliiivi' ilisciii'siiry remarks wi, will elnse lite -keleli i.f Ihe 
lien|i.i,'ical irhariu'lerislies nf'thu rniinl.v "f Cnrletnii ; lltniiijh il is a 
sitlije.t "f th,' 'hepesi ttiii ri'sl, ami fnritis liehls fnr vnlimieM nf 
tli"ii!;lilfiil ami I'l'nlilal'le leasniiin:;. Wile ill,' titiii' anil spiiee lit i.ur 
ili-pnsal. ami Ihe capacil\ at ntir c..|lilH.in,l. 

We will mm lirielly'allttile In ih,. 

LAKES AND RIVERS. 

WITH Tlir, N.\l't l: \Ii ri;iil)l rr.-^ nl' rnUK.sr.VNli .s-TIIK.VM. 

The piiiieipal tivir is. nf ci.iiiBU, till) Ottawa -iilsn ciilluil tke (iiiiinf 
IJi\ct' it tiaitn' I" which il is ceiiainly with jn.stice uiilitle'l wlietlier 
ffnlil tlte vast a tea "f leriitnl'\ which II il rains : the intliien-e \nlltliie nf 
water whii'h llnws lliri'itL;li it- In i| ; Ih,' lieailliflll liiiliiriil s,i inry ivhiclt 
liiirijcrs il.s liaiik~ I lite tniijcstie falls iniil riipiiln whii'li aihl In the 
(,'raiiileitr nf that Hceitety.; Ihi' hisinriciil, pnlitieal nr ciniiiiiercial tLssmia- 
linns with which it is imleniiiicl ; m- the chat ifier nf the ciiitiitiy which 
lies liiliilt.iiy 111 il. ami In i\h,,.s,. tare ami valiiahle prmlit'ls ii fniins 

the nittlel. 

It is lint iteees.sary 111 iiiinitlely ileserihe litis imlile stieain fiirther 
than I" say that it taki-s its rise in the iiiiinnn r.'iMe lakes wlti.'h nestle 
am, 'Iil; the hills nf the l.aiit'eiiti.-tii liairue, sii far iinrth that the itielt- 
itii; sn,,«s 111 tlte re^inn "f its lii'iel watii's kiepiip ihe vnliinienf wiiler 

t" li'-ally the stanilat.l level ilnrlll;.' s, llsniis t>\ the ^realesl lii-al 1111,1 

ili'nitylii. Il p"H.ses.se- the iliiiiensi"tisiif aliraii'l liiver nmre llia;i ll<i(> 
mill s al'nv,' the capital, ami ."ilni ahnve its cnltlltleliee with the St. 
I.awretice. 

l-'i-niii Ihe itatiire "f the eiiiiiitr,v which it travemes it is mily navi- 
1,'alili' in parts falls iimt rapiils ntarkiii;,' its einirse iit \ar\iiiL( tlis- 
talices. Inn w itii iin ilnei'l'tain l'ceiirreli..'e, ftnlii its \'ery iiiniitli In its 
fniititaiii he.'i'l. N"l\villisla;iilin<4 litis, tiatnte has ealleil art In its aiil, 
till the < lltawa has liccnme iiii.'i'fthe liiiest waleiwayi*, fl'niii a eniii 
' tncreial pnitit llf view , which '.^'n In tii.'ik'' up the Laical art eiial system 
llf Iraile ami iia\ i'^ati'.n nf tlu' llnmininit. 

.Speakitii; llf it simply in ,'nlitie,'tinti w illi the I'miiily "f (.'ailetnii, 
it cnlitaitis, .,1' rallier eiilaiue- itsell ititn Iwn lakes lite l.ac 'In rli"T, 
nppn-ilc lite tmvtlship ni j''ll/.riiy, ami the l.ac t'liall'lii-re. nppnsile 1,1, 
T'lwnship nf Nepean, ami just almVo- tit,' llapiihs ,|e> I'le ties, which 
li-a'l I" therlinil'li't'e l-'alls. 

Within tlte liniits "f lite I ',, nitty there is 11,1 l""l\ nf wali'l' -'Xti'li- 
sive en"il'.,'ll I" have the tialtte lak'- itpplic'l tn it. the lariji'st ami Ihe 
"iil\' "lie nt aii>' .size lieiiii; what is knnun as ('"nsiaiic l-ake, in the 
'{'"Uiiship "f .Mareli. Tins Insly "f water c.vers an ai'i-a nf several 
hiimlre't acres in extent, ami is ilraineil liy a stream nf the same ntinte. 
"hi' h tniis in an iveli ','tirs,' atel ifrtli-we-terly .lirectimi llir,iili;h 
.March anil T"tl,nlt"ti, etiipiyiti,,' iiii" Saml l!ay, fnrnierly ealleil rntt- 
stailce r.ay, an ililel rrnttt lite l.ac I'halliliere. 

Next I, I the I It taw a, I he liileaii Uiver is the uinst iiit)iiir(aiit streant 

I in the Cniint,\'. t.'ntttnieicially^ it was f,,iinerl,v "f much ittnre impnr 

' t.ilice In the ciilllitry lliali th,' I |.p,r .St. Law ri'ltcc, "li .'n'cnilnt nf the 

canal liearniL: its ttaiiie. » liicli is iili-ntical with Ihe ti\,". f,,i' a Ljri'at 

: I'art "f its 'listanee, ami tlu'"itL;h whii-lt all he trnlHc lietweell i'ppi'r 

I ami Li.wer (.'aitaila was jvi mie time Citrrid. It lak,'s its rise in tltu 

I I'litttity nf Friinteitae atnniii; the litany ami lieatitifiil lakes iiili'i'sperscl 

I lulK.i'ii ihe hills nf that p.irl nf the l.anretitiali riilii;,', which Inari 

iiiii'th wesiwai'lly frniii ih.'l.akenf tlii- Tliniisaml Isfcs. ami riitis I" 

' lie'.l'i^iali Hay. Il ih'Ws, with vaii'iils In'mls, in a ^'eiieral iinrtli- 

I easterly ilit'ectinii, fnrmini^ the liniimlaiy line fnr nearly I liii-ty miles 

I lietwc'ii the ('inintiesnf I. eel- ami Lanark ; then f"r alii.iit It.ilf that 

ilistane.' lietweell Lanark itinl (I letn ill". It then slriki's lite s'littlierit 

aie.,'lc llf Marllii'l"' TnvMlship. ami f'.tiiis the 1'nltti'l.ll'y Inlween the 

I Cniinties "f (li'cnvill,' ami rarletnii fnr a 'listanee "i ahniit tweiily 

; utiles, when it ttirits m.rthwai'illy. rnnnini.' ihrnin^h the eastern enriier 

llf N'lrth (inwer. tlieiie,: l.clweeii Nni'lli (iiwerainl Os'^niiile ; further 

nil it separates the Tnwiisliips nf Neniaii iiml ( Jlnnccsli'i', ami titialh', 

after fniniiie,' the 'li\ isi. Ill 1,,'tuicii the I ity nf ( lltaw.t aifi tin- \'ill.e,'e 

j nf New Kilinhiir^'h, il pniiis nver the liiileaii l''all- ini" theHtiawa 

I River. Tho principal ttiluitary nf the lliiieati. in the t'nnnty nf 

t'lirletiiii, is the I I'liiilwnn'l. which rises in th,' T,iwnship nf liockwith. 

('imttly "f Lanark, llnws lhi',.itL;l. the Tnwnships nf I Inttll.iiril ami 

Nepi'aii 111 a linrl It ,' istirly ,lirecii"ii, amt '■iiipli''s iiiln lit,- Ui, lean 

j ali'.ul twelve miles up that river frntti the ntl;,ua. 

After the Ivi'li'all. the iiinst illtp,.rtalit slri'lllil is the Mississippi. 

I The hi'ail-walei's nf this riverare sitnateil in the same vicinity as tlinsc 

"f th,' I'i'h'ait, lint further ti'iitit, in l'i',iil,iiac. Il ilraiiis a viiy larije 

linmlier "f small lakes iii thai cniinly ami tn Lanark, ami aftir w'tti'linj,' 

tlir'ni^'li manyi'llu'i's, nf which the laru'csl is Mississi]ipi Lake, in the 

' Tnwnships nf Drnnini I ami Il'ckwitli, in Ihe (''.iiiity i.f Lanark, 

j anil receiviiiL; iiiaiiy aihlilinns In its vnlnnie, principally finiii atreanis 
: llnwitiL,' east, il rittis in a general nnithi'rly eniilse almnst fi'itn its 
hcii'l waters tn its m.,iilli, iiiliriiii,' th,' Cmlily ,'f I ';irlet"tt helwi-eti 
111,' T'lWiiships "f I'ilzt'iy aii'l I'ackenhani in Lanark, cittiitn,' "If the 
1 westi'tn cn.'iier nf llle fnriner l"Wtislti|i, alt'l emiilyini; iiscll tlit"n;,'Ita 
j ilelta, Ihe liiaiii l.laiiell nf which falls itiln '• Fitzniy Ilarlnittr," while 
j tlie ,ither part empties im,, the Ottawa at the Iteail nf t'lials KaphLs, 



iAi 



■■i 



COUNTY OI' CARLinW 



Tin 



K 



(■ 



"lily other stmiiii of any iiupipi'tiiiict' in tlie *'<ninty \n tho 



U'l. 



wliioh 



rut'N in tho r«'\viii*hi|i nf (iniillMini, iiinl linwH 
iiMi'thwiir.lly iiilit tin* Tuw ti-hip «'f Miuvh. wlini it ln-urn nnith wint, 
I tut in .{ ott' thii H.mthri'ii |>ar( -'t tliut tnunNlup iukI the iiortht'in |>iii't i>f 
llniitlcy. nftt'i- v\hiih ii luut tluiniL^li Ihi' rutin' linyili .•', Kit/.n.y. iiml 
ouiptii-H intu t*'it/,rny llitilitiui' ni-iiriln' main luoiilh of the MirtHittNiitpi. 
The Hivi'i- .MiiiUwunkii. a tin« Mlivain <■! hii'm' vnluiiif, f.-iniH the 
Ii.iini'hiiy, inv a nh^it 'liHtun'i- "nly, lu'twi'cn ihr T-'Wiishiii nf |''itzr..y, 
ill Ciirh'tiin, un<i McNali. ui Ki-ntrrw. It i-mcm imrtn ami went ot' tli<' 
h''(iii-w;iIori of tin- Mi^i-H^^ippi, uini ninn norlh-riintt'i-ly, rfi'i'i\ iii^' tri- 
I ••tniius I'hiftly from tin* noi'th-Wftt, aii'l cuiptifs intn the 1-ac ilu i 
'hilt a Hli.iit ilirttam-i' iiltovu tliu loft nr wuit In-iiu-h of thu ili'ltu of tho 1 
I Ltt nauicil ntivnin. 

Till' ..IJi'rtt fhart or nv\\* wf havo poni»o<l of this dootmn of 
ooiiiitry is a/'"- ."i'Mi/. of variouH Inoal niajii liotton np liy thu Kroiich ' 
fuUhoiiti.'H ; ro-pnlilinhi-'I. ns -i connocto<l iniip, hy M. tJoni'nt, I'f ParlH. 
an<l lopi-o-lni'oil Ity tlu- Hut |,tinl-l)u»harati t "o, of '.Vlmuroal. Tlio Hiiloaii 
aihl .Matiiwan woie tho .-nly ■•iroaui' in thin r.i(inii ttioii calloil I)y thou' 
pivfiit riaiiir.^. vi/ : liiv'i.-ro .In lliiloati ainl lli\ li'iv Miitawiin, Thu 
tMIiWll W;iH tlu^n i-:iilo.l iJivirn* .It-H AliJoiHpl :n»(. 

Tho natui:il pt-M-iuotiMii^ of tlio watoix i*i Cirh'tuii woro, at tiio tiino 
of iho oaily -otllonn-nt of tho * 'onnty, soabnn-lui! in tho various Hpcoio^ 
ot tho tiini_\ irilx" ajttiiuiko in thoni a not inoonhiloial'lo ami voiy 
\ ;\liialilo suppK'niont to tho fooil Hii|tii1i(vH of tho oarly inhal'itant 't. In 
fact thoio aiv many oatu.s on roi-unl wlioro tho piom"■^,^ of Carlototi. 
iiH of (ttlior Iooililio> throiwh-'iit tho oonntry, muht havo HiUlVivl 
sovi-roly hut for tho l>.uintitnl lish '<np]"ly wjiiijh natniv fnriii.H|ii.'.|. 
Tho variotios oli(iiiii.-<l wt'i't- tin* nanio as in oih^r nf tho Htvoaiu* ami 
small inlaiiit hikes of Ontario, fompiisin.,; ahno^t o\i'i"y npouion <>i fro:«li- 
WMtor ti-iii. l.'iirp worn parti'-ularly plou^iful, ho iiiuoh ^o that ono of 
the aliovo dusoiihoil streams .U-rivos its iiaiiio from tli-u tinh. 

Thini^^ havi- ohuiiiro'l with tiino, aii<l tho Wiitois whioh, a half a 
contnry aj^o, tooinul with all .lortH aii4 siz.M of tho lislilrihoaro now, 
vory nmeli uh uo tiiiil tliom in all ohl suttloij portiuiii* uf tho oountiy 
iiov thickly onoiiu'h stooko.l lo iiniiioo Iho tUuonnan to o:mI Iuh hook a-" 
a mattf.f of pfolit tiioiiLjIi wlioro .-^porl, not prolit, in soii^ihl, tliuiv aiv 
stilt many plaooA of good rusurt tt> attract tho diitciph's of thu \onoi'ablo 
[saar. 

Tho foroHt growth of the Comity uf (.'arloton con»isto<i of noarly 
ovory vafioty of troo atn! plant known to this hititmlo. TUo soil hi'ini< 
Wfl-'p, aiitl tor tlio nio-*t jtart naturally of |.rorlui;tivo oharaLtor. tho 
gr>wth was in many phuos \or\ hoavy a> wi'll as voiy iloiiso. . Ilanl- 
wutrtis of uvory kiml, piiio, oliu, hasswt.M.l. iVo., ah Fiimli;'! on tho thy 
lands, wUilo tin.' low ^i-ouml —and tins oompi'isod i\ largo propnrtioiiato 
area of tho I'ouiity — wa- oovorod with ilonso ;^rowlhs of tanmraok and 
cellar. 

Tliohi^di lands wuro naturally tirst sottlod npon ; whilo tin? lUtawa 
VaUoy huing one nt tho eaiiiest soiiicos <<f the luinhor anpi-ly, this 
l^<iniity was very soon stripped of its meiohanraMo )iiiie ; and it is said 
that soimi of the linost slicks whioh over wont into the (^aoi>ee inarkot 
woi'o taken oiit hen-. The streams whioh fiavtr-^othe County ininlo 
transptirtation a niattor of groat o.isi' » <ni|taiod wiih what it now is 
from tho present rogiou> of tliu pin-- ^npj-iy. and niiiuy of the oaily 
settlors received far more honelit from the oriiiinal products of the 
forest tliiui from tho 8nl)so<]Ueut prodm ts of tho tiohl. 

Kxcopt for railroad ties, Iiop poles, Um-,- \u,sts, iVo.. (hero was not a 
groat ahundan'"o of other varieties of wo. . i lir^+ides pme. uhich pos- 
sessed a >narkt;t value, and the ol.ject aU'l aim was ihoreti'i-e to ent. 
.nla-th, ami I'urn us mnch and as fast as possihie. In tho course itf 
sottlomont, however, ami of time, cami- in iho oipiaii/.aiion nf valnus hy 
the apju'oaching Hcarcenoss of go'nl Wi'i)d for fuel ; and now hardwond 
has I'ooomo «piito a valuable artiolo of c'mmorce. It is fast disappear- 
inj^', though tiiore art' surticient .piantities still loft to keu[i the pe<tpIo 
from the noci-ssity, fur many yoars yet to come, uf falling hack for 
their tnel supply niiou the peat beds, which are now gonorally consi- 
dorod wnrthle^s, Imt will suuiotiuiu become of imiuenso intrinsic value 
i<} tla- pooph- of tills ('t)unty. 

Of the Fl'-r- "{ tile County of < 'arletoii we will not speak, furtln-r 
than to say that it was and is as profuse in its proiluotiou. ami as 
varied in its species as in any county or country of similar clnuaio, it 
hnini: our object to simply give a lu'ief reference to th "o objects and 
productions of an ooomimic character, whether of fotus^ o* tichi, of mill 
ur mine, of lancl nr w;Uor. 

EARLY SETTLEMENT. 

IJy this term we of course refer tu tlie lirst permanent aottlemont 
by the race who now pussosa the suil. Jn the remote p.isl the Ottawa 
\ alley also has its history -unknown, however -ur at be-t, but ap- 
proximatoly known —boyoUil the tinio when the more adventurous 
spirits of " Now FraiK-o" first )ia-sod tho l'"alls of old Chamliyro. 

There are a niimbei of thoru-ies in rogard to the oriuin of the oop- 
pei-eoluurod iil'urigines who were found occupying tho forest-, of Ciin- 
aiia ill the I")th c-ntury, as woll a^ to tho extent i>i time to which their 
original uoenimtiou dates liack. U do.soended from thu Norsonu-n, as 
some seienti'sts bring forth apparently good aigunients to prove, tln-ri 
it must liavo been siiljsetpn-nt to the oxtiiiotiun uf a race wliich pre- 
ooded them -and of whom unmistakable evidences are numoruiis in 
tlio eoppur-brariug regions of the l^ake Superior Uistriot. This race 
evid.iiily existed thousand>of years ).reviuu-> to whiit we i>opularly call 
the Creation, and possessed the knowledge (^lost hy the original North 
Amoricaii fndian of working in the metals to sume extent --though, 
so far as di-(r..vories already made can be taken a-* a ci*rtain indiciition 
of the state or progress uf their arts, thoy had nut learned the science 
of workni',' tin; morals tty heat. Although tho gerdogical furmatirm in 
which I hose evidences of a pre-hisiurie existence of man are foumi, 
are vory 'd'( coirtparod to the' Leila clays which form the Valley uf the 
Lower Otta'wa and Tppor St. L iwrenco, \ot they are iiiiito recent as 
C"m)»ared with tie- liaurentian lormalion- -the hills of which meet our 
gaze t«» the norih and west, from tlio ('apitai. Still tin; tir-t human 
beings of who.so o.s,isteiice we havo any certain kiiuwlodge— other than 
that furnished by goulugical discoveries, evidently had their origin at 
a j)erioil silbsoipieut t,u tho develupment of tho Lothi clay fornuitiuns — 
ami are therefore, scientifically sjieaking, uf rccontorigin. As already 
intimated, it is yot an uii-ettlod .piestion what that origin is — and also 
liow I'ar it dates back — although all are agreed that it is comparatively 
recent. 

iJut so far as the history of ('arloton is concerned, it matters little 
whether the North American Indian, as known lu the founders of New 
Fr.'uice, originally came from tho Noith-wost, by migration, across 



Hohring's Straits as many assort is pio\oii by traditii 
ami gopgraphy oombinod ; or whet.ier thoy uru from 
whoso i III'] illation or m-cos-ilicH may halo driven thoiu 
oast : iior can any amount of ro^oaroh to u (■■■rtaint 
much ui-pnted point, 'vlnch will pioltjibly over rem; 
tjoepi'st oonjetture. 

Still, on the prinoipL', probably, that "distanco lomb 
there are few subjects ol greati-r iiiloro-t to Canadian 
histor\ of tlieu" coinitiy ; and the earlier and oonsei| 
dithcnlt to accurately trace tho more interesting dot 
coiuo. Aiioih. r |ioiii( tliorofore, which pii/./.los histori; 
- if tllo>o Indians wore tif so ri'iont origin as is gone 
doe" it happen tli.it tlio.so .if Now l''raiioo and Now la 
dlth'H'd from thost' of " Now Spain f" Columbus fom 
tho \Ve*l Indies ii poacealile, pleasant people, go\i'i 
codes of law ruletjovorby rogularl> reoogni/ed nihrs 
and having no knowloilgo of those barbarous attiibi 
Norlhern tribes tho war cry, stake, ami crimson 
found the A/leos in a still iiioic progressive state re 
advanced in the .iris of civ ili/, it ion, builders of cause 
and temples, and tillers i>t the s >il ; vvlbih on tho Soi 

I'lAiii mpnri'd a iiiition who were only infoiiortoi 

in the arts uml artitioes of war. docei'., and dishon 
MoMcan ami IN'riiv lan were admillod t; pes of a oivili 
long Would have eiinil ited it not HUipassod Kas:ern ^1 
sion, had not a more oriiel aiul warlike raot- oriishod 
instinct, ami planted its germs upon tho riiiti<. 

I'liit instead of impiovcmcn toll. .wing tho .Spani.-*li 

victories seemed but the be-^imiiiig of a system of grad 

ilocay ; wliilo the traits i>f the dii. plena's still oocu)' 

tho charactorislics of iheii ..wii descendants, and tl 

<picrod (with w'h.HU they interiMiii'.4h-d and become am 

a j)oople combitiing the (|Ualiliesof cruelly and lloi 

marko.l dogioe are scarcely to be found in the civili 

present day- not oven in Spain itself. 'Ihls last 

alikde w ith all Aiiioricin Indians, !<inco the. lays of their 

i (lie whites, tlioiigh all writer- agree in dcMribing t 

I the We-ti'in Wtul.l as a laco possosse.l of both bravt 

, a very marked degree. 

Having ^aid thu- much of thu eharacter and hi 

■ loniiected with the Native .Xnu'rican of a more s.u 

! ohielly f.ii tiio sake of i-omparisoii wo design now b 
; history of tho.-c tiibes whoso territory was laved lo 

Lake Ontari.i, ur eoinprised within the valleys trib 
i Lawrence and (Utawa. 

I According to the best information i.bt.ii'ial)le, tho 

I habiting those regions were of n common ancestry, 
I l)ably s.miewhat remote dati-. Vet fr.mi the time of t 
j of Canada, ami h'lig provioin, there had existed a d 

tvveun tlio-e to tho north of Ontario and the St. L;iwi 
, haml, and th.>se t<' the south, on the other : and but 

■ of this large bo.ly of water and groat river lu'twoi 
I other must long ore this have been annihilated so 

enmity— so lione their character -ami >o unrelonting 
Those tiibos of the South had hehl possession of 
i twoon the Niagara Kiver and bake t 'hamplam from t 
, and consisted ot liw distinct bniiiehos ; ilio Nb'hawl 
; aiigas (or Cayugas), thmmhigas, and Seiiecis who w 
I French the Iroipiois (or Irotpiuises) ; and afterwar.l 
the Five Nations, 'lo tlnssu was siiliHoi|Uontly adi 
' Tuscarawas, (s.uiietimes oalletl Tnsearorasj, who ha.l 
I North Carolina making tliereafter tho Six Nations. 
; The principal tribo" t.' the N'.uth wore the Algoii 

1 the territory bi-lueon the [U'esent '-'ity of t,*uebeo aiol 1 
I the Outaouais inhabiting tin; caintry along tho r 
I Ottawa, which ivas tirst calle-l the Kiviore.les .\lg<) 
' M'nin-ntly llio Itivi.-re .|es Outaouais) ami the llui. 

i Oiil.iuuis and Lake Hnr winch was named aftoi lli 

'■ the Ottawa River was after the l.ittor. Tlioso thro 
i thu Froncii sometimes called the lioipioises dii N< 
Ir.iipioia, as distinguished from tho Five Nations, o 
South. 

The Southern Iroquois wore beyiml all comp 
[lowerful Indian Natimi on the North American cunt 
lore ami after thoadvoiit of tin French, they madi; w; 
even as far we>t as beyon.l tho Mississijipi ; and the .i 
rem. lie caintry were truiu time to luiio tho victims oi 
joction at the hands of these "It. .mans of tlie We 
students of character have termed tlie Iri"im>i-, and 
Five Nati-iu- ; and it has been rone>rUed by historia 
ing upon the tiiness ol tho term —that whether ion 
extent of ihoir contpiesls--or tho wisdom and elopiot 
tlnii impitionce of euntrol their troitmont ..t tin 
their paritioii f.u- vvar-'tho oouiparis.in i-^ well taken. 
lietweoii those two powerful ;uid kiudn-d jieople- 

■ existed ; and it was probably to tho be t of the existom: 
, thi- [lart of the River t.Htawa w.is tirst visited by nu 

i ni..re intelligent raot;. Uoyoml a ilouht, the hr-t wl 
I foFii ii|Miii ihe soil of Cailot..n Cuunty was S.nuuol 1 'o 

■ the .»cc.ision .)f his advent at that particular time w 
I with the Nurihern Ir.npiois ag.ainst tlie'r southern fm 
! .An adventurous oxjilori-r, a successful disc.iver 
i trader, a bravo sol. her, a ehiv-alr.iiH goiitloman, and ; 
( to his iiativu Frame I'li.iinplain the tirst of his 

; upon the noble F.ills of the Rideau, ay the rnshin: 

I t'Jiaudtiu'o (lesorvos here a p.is-ing inttice. IL^ vv, 

I chief of u company of French merchants who set out 

; with tho primary <.bjeet of exploring tin- St. Lavvrem: 

' estahlisliing a depot i->r the fur trade. His lirsl land 

view t.» permanent sottlemenl) was *m the presein 

where ho f.-umi the Algonipinis, wlm soduco.l him i 

alliance against tho Five Nati.»ns. .\s he cuild m-t 

both the northern and soiitliorn tribes, he i)rohably 

allying himself to the one within vvhu-se territory he ( 

operate in the pr.iseciuiim of his original enterprise 

deiitly being t.i .■eim-nt tho frioieiship ol tho one, ai 

the other awe and lerrm- of Lt Hollu Fr.iUce, \ty ihi 

arm.s. lie theref.»ro established liimself at (.^hiebee, 

f.u'ce there to Iniild a fort, and set mit with thu rest 

against the Five Nations, in alliauoc with the Al| 



)\' CAIU.KTON.— CoNTiNUKi). 



111. 



M iiitiity iiHiiM't |p> {ii-i>\(-ii l>y tiMilitiiPii, Ic^^finl, nu-e, 

itil'iiu-il ; ur witciiifi' (lii>y uin frnin flic NnrHriut'ii, 

or Hft.'c»-itif^ iii.iV lui\i' <lnvcn tln'tn fimii (In- Nurlli- 

iiy iiiiiMiiiit of ii'Hfiiiili t<p u (••■rtaiiity t-HtiiMuli iIiih 

iiil, 'vliu'li will pii.hulily cvtT i-('iniUii ii Hiil'jt'i't nf 

riiM-i|iL', |ii'<>l)Hlily,(lijit "itiatiuiuu tetidii uiH'liiiiitiiiunt," 
iji'itM lit i,'rr)irtr iiili'ii'-.t to ('niimliium timii the I'lirly 
Miinriy ; iin<l the cuilhT iiriti »'>ii!*r.|iU'iitly (lii' iii"ii' 
ttfly tnut' till- iiioii' iiitfi»Miiii^,' lU'fi* it -itih Iu hv- 
|iMiiit (lifrofutv. whu-h \>\ui\vH liiMt<pri:itf* isdiiH h'lw 

IIH WL'VV uf Hii IVifllt nriJilll fl.H M m'llfnilly iM'lirVftl 

i.i( tliM.sc .if Ni'tt rraiiaMimi Ni-w l-ln-'Iuii'l so wi-lrly 

He nf " Nt'w Spain f " CmIuiiiIpiih f"Uinl tin- nativt"* «'f 

a |pi'aiTalpli', |»l»M'(aiit |p»''P|ilr, i^nvciru'ii Ipv rcyiilar 

It'll ii\ ri- I'y i*<'^Milarly n'n.!,nii/i'i| nih-r-i, fallr.l t ai'imns 

kii'pvvU'tl.,'1' <pf tlnpNf hai'l'ai'MiM attiilmtrH nf tlir uu>vv 

llu' war I'l-y, ulaki-, aii'l rniiiwHii tiuphy. i\>y\v/. 

ill it sliil iiiMrr jifip^n'Hf^uc stall' ri'^iiU'iits of nlii'H, 

iris nf tiMli/.uiuii, iMiilpJiTu of caiiHcwayH. tlwillitiys. 

I tillot-H i>l ilii- s >i) . ulbilt oil till- Soiitlii't-ii I'ppiitiiH'iii 

i a iialioii wli.i writ- only infciior |o llu'ir n>n>|Mi'roi -^ 

artitii-fH ipf war, <lt'c't!i'., :uht ilishotiol'. In fuL't ttn- 

m laii WiTi' a<liiilllt'<l |r[M's of a i-ivili/atiipii wliioli uiv 

i-miilati'il il iit.i Mill |tiMsi-<l KaMliTii -ta^^ua of iH'oyn-H 

iioiu i-nifl and warlike ract rruHJioil out tin* iiuti<pnul 

iiltpil its i;i nils ii|>oii till' niiiH. 

f iiii|>io\<'iii<'ti lollipuin;; tlii' SjianlMli ('on(|Ui*HtN, tlicir 
liiit tiir lifi;iniiiiig of a Hyrtli'iii of ^^q'ailnal ami natiiptiiil 

I' iraitH of tin ni|iU'ror.i still oocui'y " '''"'*' I'l'*'*'' '" 

i■>^ of tliuii own <li'.sL'i-nitants, ami th(>.>4i- of tin- con 
<>iii tlu'y iiilirMiin^li-il ami l>ci.-oiu(i anialKaiiiat<<it : and 
wu-i till' i(iialilhfi I'f i-nuliy ami t ivaclu'ry in a nioiv 
in* m-arufly t-p In.' fnntnl in tlu) fivili/i'd world at tin- 
>I evni 111 Spain iut'lf. 'Ihiri last imputation ivstt* 
n'riciii Indians, siiu'i- 1 In* days of tln-ir inti'ivinirsf with 
iL^h all wnti'i' .ii,'ri'i.' in dcstrilpini,' tin.' AlKiriuiin's of 
rid as a laur possi'ssi'd of Imtli I'liUiry and liom>r in 
I'^ri'u. 

tlin- innch of tliu iliaiactcr and histoHcal imidt'iits 
till' Nalixu Anirrii-an of a nion- soittht.'rn tatitiiilc 
ilvi' I'l loiiiparisoii wo drsi;,'ii now Iprntly tracim; lli.' 
ttilpfs M lio.si- territory was hvud l>y liilitT slion- of 
iv coinprisuil within the valleys trilnitary to llie St 
Mtawa, 

tlie la-st itiforiiiatioii ohiainaltle, t)ie various trihes in 
rei,'ions were of a kipmnioii ancestry, thoii^'li jil a pro- 
reinotu date. Vet fn-m thi- tiiiie-.t the hist di-eovriy 
lohi{ previoiH, there hail existetl a deadly ennuty he 
hu intrth of Oiitiirio and the St. Lawrence on 'hv one 
t to the south, nil til,.' other ; and hut f«pr the I'vistenc 
idy of water and ijreat river Ipctwi'i:!! them, one ipr 
( ere this have heen aiiiiiliilateil so hitter \va- their 
'<> tlicir character and ~(p n ii relent in l; Iheir dis]>ositi(iii. 
of the South hail held possession i.l llie country he- 
ara Kiver and Lake < '|i;utiiplaiii frotii time immemorial. 
I live distinct I'laiiehes ; the Moliawks Hneidas, t'av 
^as), Onoiidai^Ms, and Senecas who were called l>y the 
ipiois (or lrui|t|t<is(;M) ; and afterwards hy tint J-jii^dish 
piiM. ill tliesu wa- siiliHcipiently added aiiothiT, tlh- 
iiiotiniL's called Tusuaroras), wlio liad liei'H drivi-n from 

makitiLj tlieivafter tlie Six Nutioiis. 
i\ lrilpe> to the North were the Alyomiuins, occupyim; 
;\w:lmi the pp-'sent ''ity of l,>iieliec and the Oltawa Hivcr 
-. )n)iahitini( the Country aloui^' tlie right Itaiik of the 
ivaH first called tlie KnnMe 4es AI;^onijuins, hut Hiili 
tiviire dew » hitaoiiais) and the Ilnions, Ipetweeli the 
ake llu I'l 11 1, winch \va« named after the former trihe, as 
,er was after tlie l.itter. These three powerfnl tritie-i 
lielimes ealli d the linnuoise.s dil Nord. or Xoitherii 
iliii;,'Uished from tliu Kive Nations, or Iroquois of tie- 

III Iroipiois wi'ie heyond nil comparison the nlo^t 
I Nation on the North American cmtmeiit. liolh he- 
litiailveiil of tie Kieiieh, they made warliki' expeiiilioiis 
as heyoud the Mississijipi ; and the .ihorij,'iiieH of that 
were troll) time to time the victims of defeat and Muh- 
liands of these '* Itoiimns <»f tln^ Western World," as 
•actur have termeil ihe Iroipmis and particularly tiie 
tnd il has Keen leinr.rked li}- historians in cnnmient- 
Uie.ss pt the term that whether lon.sidered from l)ie 
;ont|iiestJi— tir the wisdom and elu (Uenco ot their chiefs 
leu ol control -tlieir treitiiu-nt ot the vatn(uished — or 
1' war -the comparison i-' well taken. 
se two powerful and kindred people^ a hereditary war 
vas prohahly to the Imt of the existence of tliis war that 
Kiver Ottawa wa.s lirst visited liy men of another and 
: rac^^ Ueyoiid a doulit, the lir-t while man wlio set 
•it of ('arletoii Coniily was S.iinuel I >e Ciiatniilain ; and 
hi^adxeiit at thai jiarticuliu' rime w.-i.s his connexion 
rn Iroipiois ;tL,'ainst tlie'r soiuliern foe. 
rolls ex]>lori-r, a successful discoverer, a pr...spernu.s 
Mildier, a ehivalrou-i i^eiitleman, and a devoted patriot 
'ranie ' 'h.niiplaiii the tiist of his rac^' who looked 
Kails of the Kideaii, or the iiishiiig torrents of ihe 
urve.s hiMi-' a p.is-nii^ notice. Ilt^ Wii.s originally the 
iiiy of Fn-ncli merehant-s who .set 'lut in the year KJO.i 
y olpjeet of explnnn;.! tin- St. liawrem e, with a view to 
L.'pot for tlie fur tr.ele. Ilis lirst laiiiiinL; [A.icv. Willi a 
lent settleineiil) was on the present .site ot Qnehee, 
the .Mi^oiiijuins, wlio seduced him into an oll'end\(« 
tlie Kive Nations. .\s he could not he the friend uf 
un and southern trii>e.s. he prohaldy acted wisely in 
:o the one within wlio-ie territory he tlesiym.'il most lo 
irosecntiiiii of his t.ri^'inal enterprise ; !ns ohjeet evi- 
':ement the frien<lship ol the one, aii<i inspire within 
nd lerrornf Li iJelle France, hy ihe pre^tiye of her 
ifore e.stalilished himself at l-^iiieliec, left a part of his 
lild a fort, and -set out with the reat on an oxpuditlon 
u Nations, in atljanue wUh the Algunquins. Their 




I III I '!«■:*« II V ni' r ■ 'I 1 III- » n * i >i .•(! 'in i lui, >» le in i- in- ' ii^'.iyet 

expeditions of n paittv milit.iry and partly c >mmercial nature. 'Ihe 
defeat of the I-'i\e NatioiiHon Lake I'lMitiplaiii, had ".ily made them 
mole hitter and active than e\er a'..^'aiiist Ihe northern IriheM, and ihiir 
enmity was now ei|ually diieeted a^'aiiist the Kuiieh. To strike a 
tellinix Mow at tlnni, CliamphMii planned an e\ [leditiiiii, whieh, for the 
dihtaiiee traveised, the dillii'ulties overcunie. and the Lfeiierai eseciilive 
dieigy which elutracleiD^ed il lliroii'^dionl, stamp lii'ii us no (prdniary 
eiiinmamler ; and all)i"Ui{h he met with defeat, it was not from had 
niaiii^'emenl, Imt frtnn a coiidiinatnin of em umslatices over which he 
had no control ; and it was dining this ei leKrated foiay which Home 
Kay oiiL^inated dimply in an e\p|oriiij.( ami fnr-trailing expedition that 
111* lirst set fool ni r'arleti.n. 

Whatever the real cause nf this expedition, the fact remains that 
he a-'ceiided the I Itlawaas the ally of the Northern InupioJH : uinl after 
passiiiL,' up Ihe .Matawan across the iiorlaue frmii its head watefH to 
the he.id-wiiters of Lake NipissiiiK down Kreneh lti\er to (Jeor^'iaii 
I'ay. aloiii^ the shore of which he passi-d soni hwaids to the month of 
the Severn Itivcr iheii.e up that strenii t" Lnkc Coiiehiehin^' 

ti. »...,:. I. II... V ,. .i ->■..! I ,.L.. <; ,....1 ,... tl... 'I',.ll...« tl... 




Woumis oil the iiortli Hlniie. 

Why thi> exiraoidinary journey was undeiiitkei!, Ut aecuHijilisli a 
comparatively Khort direct distance, is not eiinily decided. It may 
have lieen in order to deceive the enemy as to the real point of attack 
or it may have lieeii in onler to Leather toLtether all the warriors of 
the Three Nations of the N'ortliern Iroipims or il may have heen 
holti comluned. However hy thit expeiiitioii Champlain Ipccame the 
iliscMveror of (»r more correctly the first while man who ever visited, 
not only Carletpni County wdiieti he was ohlii^'ed to pan.s tliroiigh, in 
portjiijiMg around the Cliaieliire) hut the whole rati:;e of lakes, rivers, 
and terrif -ry. over and thi'ouudi whieh e\teiids oti ' of tlie tiiiest water- 
ways of .( system to w liich none other in the know n woihl is coinjuirahl'v 
It must not he fi-rLfolten. too, that i\» white man had ev*'r ■' ■ ee le . 
the St. Lawrence almvcthe Itapids, wliether fr<piu the fact that tiio cx- 
istence of Lake Ontario was then unknown to the Krencli or thilt 
iih-itruetioiis in the watei connuxiiui remlerud it im; ' i'>tieal)lu, docH not 
appear. 

The ahove expedition wa-* ntidertaki-n in the s]Min,L; and snmmi'r of 
lUL'i. Alter that, t'h.implain and hi-* >ucce<sors made nuim-roiis expeiU- 
tinii- to the I'pptr O'lawa in tin- pro-ecution of the fur-tiadc His 
discovery ipf Ihe uaterwav cMnm-iiiiiL^ the Oti. ma with Ihe t h-or^^ian 
Piay wa- utili/ed hy the Krein h Mis-mnaiies and ,Ji>iiils, the le-ults of 
wlio-i' iisu.d eiieiLjv and eiiterpii>e weiv soon -een in the chain of pius- 
pefoiis settlement-' which extended -at interval^ of le-s or j,'ri-ater dis- 
tance—from till' Ottawa V.ilh v even to the .Mis.-i-^-ippi, rui the ;.^rei.: 
ake-i Ji-Dm (Je.ii-;4ian HayAand tln-ir chief rivers. Kvideiiees of the-e 
settlements are yet tij he s,'.-n at dilleiviit poinis ahm;,' the route "thnu;.di 
the Netltei- themselv s were •^iil'-eipiently de'^lroycd or ilriven out nl the 
country hy tlie em-tuie-^ of tlm-e trdii -< with w hu-e anci-.iur.s theirs had 
heen rortm-rly allied — the honiioi-^, who at tin* -anie lime di^peised and 
. alnio-'t annihilated the lliiron nuiion,ahoui Mltl). 

Tl4oii,:.;li the de-.triiiiion til thee vettlenieiits ocrnred oVer L'lK) years 

a^n, yet they can he iraied more pi. duly hy the ruin-* still exi-Itii;,' than 

can till- tiehl woiks of the c ml em I in:; armies around Kiihmoml, \'ir.:iiiia, 

duiiii;.; the liile American civil war. Tliere are extensive luiii' ol a 

stone hut at a place c.dlcd "The Chimnic-," near where the Nnr'.li 

Itiver enters ALitclnhish liay at Wanhnudn tie. The " Old Foit," as it 

is railed, a ^hort tli-taiice up lie- li^lit liauk ol the Uiver Wye, .Mill dmws 

in the jilainest m.iiniei tin* dilcln-, wall-, tower-, hasthms, Ac, tVc, 

1 althou;^n a tree was cat dipwn a lew years u;^o hy a parly of surveyors 

; en^,'a^'ed in locatinj.,' tlie .Midland lladvv,iy crossing,' the Wye at this 

! ]ilace~ which ^^rew within the walls of one of the towers, ami tlie rin„s 

of which pive it i\n a;-(e of nearly two hundred and thirty vears. iJe- 

twccn ih" Wyi' auil lio;^ Kivers, and ah-n;,' ih,- hj-^'h ku' '. „ rdcli piojeols 

I into the iViy, can he seen various place-, la 'h of inatiy acre- in extent, 

I wliere the row- ol" corndiills are still as ea-ily Iracnl as in many tields 

j where it ^vfw hut la-t si-ason. (,'iiii-i.li'nthle -pipts of this land are lonud 

I free tr>>ni uiider-liriidi. tlmu-h the Inrr-i ^r.iwUi imlicafesan aue of nearly 

■ two and a li.iir centuvi.'s. Tlic-e .niii manv iii ne ancient landinaik-- »till 

' n^inain, a link in ihe hi-lorical eliuin wlil-h connects the] ne-ent d.iv with 

the days when the ru;.ve(l uulliiies of I'arliatiient llili- the niijeslic 

sweep of tl'.e Uapnlt-s ih-s Cheiies-^tlie ;,'raml eilect and natural heaiity 

I uf tlie Kidcau and the Chaudi.tr.' -aU'l tli-- practical diMii-ulties of the 

: t)ttawa Porla:.4es were more l.miiliar to tlio-e devoted pioneers ol tiie 

' chunh, who rarried the !aii,^'na.;e and reliLdoii of tlu-ir fathers to the 

j far western trihes^ than tluy now arc to many of the residents of what 

\ has sini-'o their day heen comiuered from a wild wu-'te of cra;.;L;v nioun- 

. t.iin -its h-el laved hy rushing,' waters, ami its head crowned hy a wild 

waste of iinpiMutrahie huest— and hccoine the p.-!iii.-al metropolis of a 

nation which stri tclicn thousands of ndlcs hevoud the scenes ot the most 

remote adventures of these devefeil patriots ot France and the Koinan 

i 'I.I.....I. 



I Church 



uuurcii. 

\Vc have thus hricliv traci'd tin* history of the Ottawa Valley and its 
inhaliitant- Iroin the eiirlic>t poiiod ul whi'.li any cerlain record can he 
uhlaiiied, to the lime of ih(> e\tiii;^ui-limeiit of the Ilurons and extirpa- 
tion of the early Kicm h Mis-ioiiaries. .Suhseiiueiit to this the fur trade 
cmitinm'd to :>jtiact traders and explorers over the same paths lirst trod 
hy Chaiuphiin, until alter the ac'inisitiMU of llie country by the Knxlidi 
— when attention was soon directed to tlr- aiiperi >rily of the forest pro- 
ducts of tlio>e |p.irt>, and they -uU-eiiueutly hecanie the supply-j,'rouml!j 
-very Kradii.illv at tir-i, lait wifli steadily increadn^ mu;,'niiude from 
whieh the Kn^disli m.trkets were stocked with certain c!as-e;i of timher — 
jiarliruhirly masts and spars, and other necessary material for ship- 
iiuildiiit,'. Il took rt long tiino, howorer, for ibis induatry to cvhaust 



111 



IV. 



HISTORICAL SKETCI 



tlif aiippiy lii;liAV lut (MiiiiuliiSru tu bucli an uxli'iil ai tu piunipt lliusi! «u- 
jjageil 111 ii lu iKciiiil llicisc iiiitural obitnictiuns. 'I'hu early liistuiy 
of tlil< tiM'.k'. with ili .suliaucpiunt iluvulopuii'iit. is nlsi'wliui-i' given. 
\Vu will tliiircfiiri; pa^s over tluw seeiiea traiisipiriui; mi lliu Uttawa 
dui'ing till' |n'riinl Ijutwceii llii' Aiiurii' in Huvoluliun ami the Anylu- 
Aiiiciioaii War in llii' lii'^inning of tin: iirusiiit liiiIiitt, anil iioino 
abruptly Id tlmse wliieli inuiiLilialely lolliittuJ lliu tenuinatiuh iil' that 
contest. 

As is well known, it lia- been llie poliey of tlie Urili-li li.ivernnieiil, 
eiiice its lir.-^t oeeupation of " New Franee," to esla'jiisli and eiiruurajje 
» systeiii of military ^Ionization, or BettlunienI, hy iliseliar^eil ,'inil ilis- 
liaialeil siiklier.s. Many of llie nii;st llonrisliin^' settlenii'iit^ in Tppfr 
(.lanalawere thus foninsl along tlie north -liore of Ihe Si. Lawiemc 
anil fjike l.lnlario, ami eMeiuluii even to the lieail of Lake Krie aiul the 
Uetruit lliver. In faet I ppur L'anaila, as wb llml it when lirsl it oh- 
taiueii a Kt'parate politieal e.\istDni'e liy. I.lovenior Siinene'^ proclama- 
tion of 17112, was aliiio-l entirely eoinposeil of selllenieiil- thus forineil 
■ Inrin^' the ]ireie.liii:,' nine ye.irs following the ehwe nf the U.volutinnary 
War, eomtiiiieil wilh tlio-e Ameriean-horn siihjei Is who hail eypmisvil 
the Hoy al cause iluriiig the ]iiogreas of the conllict, ami were in coii- 
Beijiidico iiMigeil to My their native eoiiiilry at its elo.se. 

A similar stale of rireiiiiistanies g.ive ii, fresh iiiipelus of n like rliar- 
aeter to the setllenielil ol the I'rovin e loll owing tln' war of ftil2 l.'i. 
The laltei year louml a large force of Koyal Hoop, in the counlry- 
nmny of whom were approacliing the e.\|iiialiiMi of their term of sei li.e. 
These the (joverninent lU'ch.ugeil, anil gave grants of laiul, aiul to ailil 
to th" pii -lige anil popularity of the ^clunie, a great nuiiiher of ollkers 
were .illoweil to retire on half-pay, most of wlmni joineil the n; ■ i.'incnl, 
ami hei.anie ]'ionei;rs in the clearing ami settling of Oaiiaili.in forests. 

Of tlio.-e wlio about lh.it lime excluingeil the .word for the axe -anil 
the lenteii fiehl, or eiiibta/nred castle for the rmle Ing-cabin -weru a 
|iarty of mi-ved army and navy olllcers, who s;.|ecied their future homes 
on tile -ite of the pn-ent Village of liiclinioml, which thry occu|iieil in 
the yiir |s|s -ihi' lir-i aetiial permaueiil settlers in a body, within the 
present limits ol the County of ('arleloii ; although a niimbei of single 
famine- had some years pre\ ioii:?ly funned siatleied .ettlenients. 
Among tlio-e the eliief were Major (afterwards Col.) linrke, Ciiptain 
l-jVoii, C.iptain t)rmsby, Captain Lewis, |ir. Colli-, Lieut. Lett. I.ieut. 
M"i.\well, Seigt. McKiroy, Sergt. Andrew Hill. .Seigt. .Sylvester Demp- 
s<-\, and Seigt. Andrew Spearman, of the army. Among the fust civil- 
ian- who eanie in were ,Io-epli lliiiton. t 'Iiri^topher and \Villiaiii ' ir iliain 
(brottiers;, and Samuel Stanley , .1 blai.ksmilli. The aiio\e ate nearly 
all familiar names to the pi-ople of Carleton. fmni thedisiiiignished po-i- 
lioiis (ittaiiied to bv themselves or members of their families : while ]ire- 
vioii- to their coming, many of them had lin-n tin- .luthor- of many deeds 
of exceptional gallantry and coinage in the prot'es-i -n of aMiis. Sei-gl. 
Spearman ilesi-ives sp,., jal nieiilioii, as having led the " Forlorn Hope" 
al the caiit are iif Fort lOrie. 

TlJeiv were a Very largo iiiimber settled al the saiie lime, the 
above who wt'Vf The .hief, belonging to the old llMith Kegimeut, which 
was eousolidaled wilh the ICtlh at l^lllebec, immedi.itely alter tile close 
of the war- tin new regiment rect«viiig the l.ittir number—while the 
discharged soldiers and reliied ullieors of both rigiinents ,-ettled in 
** colonies,'' as above— the military settlement of Perth in Lanark 
Coiir.iy being loimed by the othcei's and men of the old iWth. at tin; 
name lime lii'lunoiid was settled by ihe llinih. It wa- the -'sih .Inly, 
l'*!'^. Wliell they left t^uebec. ami they lande.l al ■■ the Fiat-, ' b-low tlif 
Chaiuliere, in the hue part of Augii-t. where llie wo n and children re- 
mained encamped till the men ImMicd Land at Uiohmoml and cut a road 
to ' * (.'h ipuiiin s, " on the ( Joodwood, three miles below the loc aioii. 

About the ft.iine lime, or \ ery shortly succeeding il. a -fttlemenl 
was foi'uied ot military and iia\al olHcers and oth.'rii, in the 'j'ewn-hip ol 
March, on the banks of ihe Ottawa. Cupt. .Monk, who wa- the pioneer 
uf the above setllenielil. wa- an otlieer of the tlTlh Kcginiiiil, and the 
very liist actual si-ttler above tin- present Township of Nepeaii though 
there were .already several located above (.tttaw.i, ou w hat 1- now the 
UiLdinioiid Hoad. .Mr. altcrward- lion. Ilamm-lt Piiihey, formerly 
an Knglish meichant. was the second, and settled near the same pi. ice, 
and near till same lime. Then came in snci-e-i-ion Lieut. K.Miffofihe 
Royal -Marines ; Captain Weatlierby aiul Cajilain Laiidel, of the army ; 
Captain Street, of the Itoy.d Navy ; and C.ijitain Steven-, of the itTlli 
Heginieiil. Col. Lloyd and Captain Co\. of theiisili. were also aimnig 
the lir-t. Thi-e all c niie in between I^lsand Isilii the lir-i ai least 
a- e.irly as the spring of |sUi (though the pucise dale i- unatlainable 
as the) had ipiile a prosperous -ettleinetil lliere in IH-lo, mIiiii Mr. 
Alesan.ler Workman located at Huntley -among the lirsl settlers inlhttl 
Town-iiij' -followed till >rtme season by Sergt. t'owie and .Sergt. Camp- 
bell. ■ :( the army, and William F.rskiiie, a ci\'ilian, ami shortly after- 
wards bv a nuiiiiier ol olliiiv, who will be noticed more iu detail under 
the hiad of llnntlcy Town-hip. 

'1 here were a number of .scattered .-etlhr-. however, within the 
coiiniy, I'ven previous to the formation ot the Kichmond colony. The 
veiy lir-t while perniauenl settler in the . ouiily wa- Ira Honeywell, 
w ho 1 icatiil lip the rixer from the ' 'h.tudiere. >ome ihree or lour mih s. 
The I'lrcum-lanecs eonie-cted w.tli -Mr. Ilotieyweirs selllemeul. as also 
of those who came 111 next tifter him, iiieliiding the Itillings's. Die.vs, 
and the Williams's, of til.iueuster and Nupeali. are related under the 
proper Township liea^ls, Hy the lime the Iticlimoiid -I'lllers cam.-, in 
I -I--, live tiniHiis liad located along what 1- n..w the liichmoiid Itoad. 
Tlie\' live.l III the lollowiiig order from "The Flats npw.ird : -■ 
Thomp-oii, M.-i'iMiiell. Molt. Honeywell, and Moore. Then al the 

tiooihv 1 Ui\er was one 1 'hapmaii while .at "the landing" wove 

Frith and lldlows, who settled al lea-t as early as l^-ls ne. 1 perhajis 
sooner at Itellnw-' Lnnding s|i|| so-called ll-.e ea-tern end .itthel'ort- 
ag ■ ar.iund the Chaiidiere. I'he one kept the " dock,' and the other an 
inn. Also at the western end of the Forlage, ab.ive the rapids, there 
liveil an old Swede, as e.irly a> I'Sl'.l, who kept a boat, and was wmil to 
supply tne necessitie- of a ferry when such necessities aro-,.. 

Long before this time -or as earlv as the year Isiiii, Mr. I'hilo- 
meii Wright had posse.sei I himself of the left bank of the river, and 
with the families ol tho-c about h'm -had cominenced nuile a si'ttle- 
nieiil where Ihe Cily of Hull now -lands. 

The -eitlennnt of the county being once an establishi'd fact, aii|iij«i- 
tioiis soon roinmenced lo How in —slowly at tirst — but still 10 fast, after 
ISL'l), that any description of their individual order 1 r niiniber is impos- 
sible lo uhlain. Thing- Weill -lowdy an.l «inootlilv till Istu'i'i, when th,. 
ru-li which poured in upon Hyl.iwn, in cminevion wiih the . ..n-triiciion 
of the I'ideaii (Jamil, gradually spread itself over the county, and from 
that time forward, the increase and prosperity of Ihe cnunlyas a whole, 
has been ;with h'W exceptiuus) rapid and sutisfatturj'. 



Hut as we have now arrived at a lime which can 
(ie 1 as belonging to the jieriod of the early 'eltl 
fiirllier letmirks upon the pMgress of sitllenient 
the sever.il sketches of the individual municipalitie 
nf C'arlctun is composed, 

POLITIOAL HISTORY 

It may iu«t i)e out of pliico (i> prufaoLt tins Knu 
uxpliuiution of tliu terms l>y wliich the viiriiuis 
Hiims uf tlio oinuitry nrn ami liuvu Iicimi known fn 
liiu fHt;il»lisIinii'iit of I'lipur l';iiia<la ;is a at-|>;u':it(. 
i-ucoiiiilL'iTil no little ilillicnhy iu UaL-iuLi tin' r.h 
which tin- turritory uoin]>risiii-^' tho County of ( 
ft!,'fiin l)t!t'n p.'U'titioiii'il uinl rn-partitioneii for ivp 
purpoHL'S. It appiiars a \vvy siiiiplc iiiiittfr to ?^ 
f^rai'hica! <livi.siou of Iht,' country as thin or that I 
the last' may ho ; ami .siniplL' it CL-rtainly is whu 
nti'lorstootl ; Iml tho.so who know, will forro'u 
npiuparatiTcly few, even of our un-re intflli.L,'L-n 
eitiz.-ns, can at lirst tliought e\)>lain thr (liJR're 
tci'iiiH, or lell whether any ilitreremv really e.\ists 
Bo nnu-h from ea re less n ess as frwm ihe eh;inm-<l ai 
ill the inanii;,'enn'nt of tlie ili-l;iils ..f puL'lif luil 
h-'U. iniportiinee (fcio eousideretl l>y the ;,' real niaj" 
itt" thi! minuiiif which onuhinc u* form our j 
military systuni : to hecouh' uxcii niotleratcl\ 
MOW reijuires, from thtj eoiup!if;itcil system inio wl 
of pui.lic atl'airs has » xpan<litl tluring the pi 
vesourccfi of a professn-nal poliiici.iu of iu< mean 
of patriotism ami a ^Towin:,' s|iirit of nationaliiy 
liail a tcmh.ncy to lu-iiiy mto pupiilar noiico all 
n.ateria! import in the historical events of tin- conn 
these vari 'U- tlivisioiis, as they severally ami .hui,^ 
thoiii^h tl e iliite of several of them uas so rem-'U- tl 
Ml far as thi.s county was comvrneii how or how ofi 
jmlicial mnnieipal. or political hounds Were alteii 

From the tiim- of the passaj^'e of the " 'I'uehei 
larlia.ueia in 1774. and up to the year 17^8, t 
J-owei- -which then cn-isicd uf hut oue I'rovinc 
;w<t Districts. These were judicial divisi'.iis i 
tinn no political ilivisitiiis, as tne ruling' power w 
of that Act to consist of the governor and K\e 
httcr eonsistiuy of from -evenleeii to tuenty-ti 
uppoifited hy the ( Governor. The I'pper i-v \\\ 
two uas called hy the nanu' of Lajicaslei'. and w, 
with what l.ecanie suhseipiently Ipjier t 'ana«la, am 

I'y proclamation of Ltud th-rehesivr. dated ^IHl 
summation nf nil Act passed hy the Le'iiHlative ( 
pvevi 'U^ year, new Distri' I.-' .stiv formed. That 
diviih'<i into f.inr, viz.. l,lnlenIlurL^ Mtckli-nhiirir. 
The preseni t.'ounty of I'arletou w;is within the tirs 
tlu- territory as helow descrihcd ; " hounded on tlie 
ijmit ol the Trad lately called or known hy the i 
protracted Northerly and Snuthcrly as f:ii' as ' 
extends ; and hoiiii'led We-^teily hy a liin' intersec 
th" l{i\er ( Jananoqms now called the Thanu-:s, al.to 
St. hawreiice, and exteU'liu;^ Si.utlierly ami N'orthe 
our said fVovince therein t-ompreheiidiuj,' the m 
Tracts called and known hy tin.' name of L.tiicaste 
t'oriiWidi. Osnihruck. Williamshur^'. .Matilda, Kdw 
ami Kli/.ahelhti>wn." 

Tiie next change wa'' the political one of the<liv 
hoWiT (.'anada into two separate i'rovinces in 171 
Rpeakinir. was rather a ^ c/t^t/ui/ divi-^ion. implyiti',' 
till tlie I'l-'iclamation of Lt.-( ojvernor Simcoe on tin 
which divided the IVovinces into nineteen t'ountie 
purposes. 

,\nd here we see the lir.^t applicatii.ui of tliTi tern 
territorial divisituis of the Provinces. A^> distil 
Itisfi-irt divisions, the t'wunty \\a3 a political, or pa 
Ohtative divi-ioii whereas thij ntln-r was judicial -- 
the territory wherein, and over whi'di. the jurisilicti 
tahlished Mitlun its limits, extended. These «li-iiut. 
many ycai. and the various chan;^'es which were ! 
ui;ide in the Uislricts, wereentiiely independent o: 
sions, excei't in rare cases such as rrniee Kdward' 
peculiaritif.s intcrvcneii to make hoth ilivisious idei 

.Mtht.uuli the original County divi'^ious were " re 
sioii-^, yet tliey did not. ui all ca.scs c-'iniuixjtlu 
entitlcil to l>e represented ; for wliereas the mimhe 
ed wa^ nineteen, the immher of Representatives 
sixteen. 'I'he principle "f Kepr.-.sentatn'n hy jiopul. 
as nearly a.-i an appr'ixiinate citimate coiild form 
divisi.-n. .--ouie couulies sendini; two memheis. soir 
eases a numher oeinj,' yroiiped to idect a siiiyle rej 
lirst Parliann-nt of I'pper Canada. 

Ily that divisinii the pre-ent Ci'unty of Carleton 
hundas and partly to Uretiv ille ; whose hounds n 
Lawrence, C'lmnienced at thei'- pM sent slMtini^' p'lii 
24^^ west. Carleton was nearly e.iiially diviiled 
two coiintieH. 

It mi^'hl here ho imuitiotied tliat tli*» t>ld Distric 
hy de:rrees into the name terntMnal limits as lliet 'o 
time tlie term " District * was di--c;irdeil. and has no 
e\ee]tt in the newer parts of i1r. c.uiutrv wliere lani 
is not yet perfected The only -'Districts" now c 
are Mnskt)ka, Halihurton, Ni|tissing, Tarry Sound 
Cdioid'-j; are therefore at the present time tht 
divisiouK of the I'rovince. 

C.-ntempgiary witli the ahovo chanL,'e, the C.ii, 
calle.j hi-eame Klectoral Divisions. These are 
iiumitere.h Th.'y nre f"rrued entirely indei»cmient 
eal limits -t.f (he t^ounlies. although in some case: 
in point of ge-M.4raphical houiitls. .\s applied lo 
Ciuuity of Carleton comprises two Villager on< 
while the K!ect..i;d Di\i^i.m ofCarleton compri-«e.s oi 
T'.-.viiships the \'illat,'e of Nfw Kdinlnirf'h.'tiiid 
IJhmccsler and Osgoode althougli within thu Cut 
of the Klectoral I>ividioii ^f lUiisull. 



[CAL SKETCH OF THE 



have now arrived nt n liiiK' wliicli oantuit properly be clasai- 
:iii^' tij tlif perioii ut' tliL' early M'ttlcniL-iit, we will leave 
k' iipiiii the iir.yrej- oi .-etlleiiieiit witiiin the cunnty, to 
■lehes of the iuiliviilual munii.iijulities of whk-li the County 
composeil. 

POLITICAL HISTORY. 

t be out of ]ihiee to prefaeu this brief sketch by a hurrieJ 
f the terms by which the varinii.i eivil anil jiolitical divi- 
oiinlry ari^ ami ha\e b(;eii known fi-oiu time to time since 
nent of I pper t'aliada as a separate IVovinee. We liave 
10 little Jitlicnby in tracini^ the ehangin;; divisiipn^ into 
ritory eompriiini,' the t'lttnity of ('.niton has iniw ami 
rtitioned ami ri^partitiinieil for representative urjinlieial 
appears a vi'ry simple nialtei' ti» speak ot a certain i^eo. 
isimi of the country as this or that District or County, as 
be ; anil simple it certainly is when the thino is once 
but those wiio know, will corroi)orale the statement that 
-■ few, even of our more intelli_:,'ent or highly eilneateil 
at lirst thouyht explain the (iitl'erence t-iMween the two 
wiiether any iliireienee really i-\ists : j.nl thisoecurs iiitt 
1 carelessness as from the chanL;i'il ami eaaiiying methods 
ement of tlie iletails of public civil atl'.iiis, ami fr^ni the 
ee (*o eousiiierctl by the great majoiity) of keeiiing track 
tijo which condiinc to form cuir judicial, political and 
■m ; to beconn' even moderately con\irsant with which 
from the eoiupllcated system into wliir'i the nuLuagemenl 
'airs has expanded itnrniy the preseiii gem-ration —the 
pritfessioual [poliiieian of nn mean or»ler. lint as u wave 
and a growing spirit of nationality f-nni lately to have 
L'y to bring into popular mitici- all njatters ot the least 
irt in tlu! histi>rical events tjf the- country, we shall siiecify 
divisions, as they sever.dly and successively occurred 
te of several of them Has so leue'te llnit it ni.attered little 
county was concerned how or how often its geographical, 
lieijial. or political Imunds were altered, 
lime of the passage of the " ti'uebec Aet " by tile Imperial 
n 1774, .and up to the year 17MH, t 'anada ■ Cpper and 
1 then C'-U'lstcd uf Itut -me l'ro\nice, was ili\i.led into 
These were judicial dixisit.ns there being at that 
eal divisions, as tue ruling power was by the provisions 
to consist »»f the tjovenior and i'lxecutive (Ainneil - the 
ing of from -e\enteen to tueuty-tiirce uunitiers, ami 
the t iovcrnor. The I'pper ir Western histriet of those 
I by the name of LaiieasU-r, ami was lu-arly i<le1ltical 
L-;nne subseipiently I'pjier ('amida, and is now ( tntario. 
nation of Lord llirchester, dated 24th .Inly, 17W. in enn- 
f an .\ct pas-ed I'V the l.e-.'islative ( "ouncil linring tho 
■, new l)istrets .\ere formed. That of Lancaster was 
our, viz.. i.lnieutiurg. Mecklenburg, Nassau and lles^e. 
ounly of t'arleton was within the tirst, which conipris«d 
s below described : " bouinletl on liie ICast by the Kastern 
Pr.u-t lately ealksl -.r known by the mime of l.,ancast) r, 
priiRrly .an. I ."s.'Utherlx as far as our said l*roviuee 
bouudeil Westei ly by a line intersectuig the mouth tif 
ianoi|ue, now called the Thames, above the rifts of the 
and extendnig Si.uthcrly and Northerly to the limits of 
ee therein ci.mprehen.intg the ; everal Towns ami 
id known by the name of I, inciistei', t'harl.pttenbnrg, 
ru.'k. Williamsburg. .Matilil.i. Ivlwardslnirg, .\ngusla, 
vn." 

hauge wa^ the politieai one of the division of I'pper and 

into two sej)arate Provinces in 17'.'l, which, strictly 

rather a t« rr./io id/ division, implying tio political idiange 

ati.m of l,t, lo.ivermir Suiicoe on the lilth ,luly. 1711:;. 

the Trovinces into nineteen I'oiinties for represuntativo 

see the lirst ajiplication of tln^ term "Cotnity " in the 

ions of the Provinces. As distinguisl'ed from the 

the t'viinty uas a political, or parluiimntary-repr.'s- 

whereas tile other was judicial -each District being 

herein, anil over wlii'di. the jurisdieii.m ..f the I'ourt es- 

11 its limits, extended. Thesedi-tiiictioiis continued for 

nd the various changes which were fnun time tti time 

iricts, were eiiliiely indepeiidcnt of the County divi- 

lare case- such as I'mice Kdwai'd where geiyraphical 

■r\eiied to m.ake both divisions identical. 

• original County divisions were " reiireseiitative '" divi- 

did not in all cases comiuiio the identical territory 

■presenieil : for whereas the number of ( '.mniie^ fnrin- 

II. the number of lu'preseiiiaiives pr.ivide.l for was 

le ■■{ lleiir.si.nt.itlMll by p..pill.illoii w.is adniilted. 

.%ppr..xiiuate estimate cmld form liie ground of the 

eoiimies scuilingtwo ineniliers. some one, and in some 

■ing gr.rili'ed t.. elect a single reiirescntatiye to the 

f I'pper Canada. 

<ii the lue-ent Coniily of t'arleton belonged Jiartly to 
rily to Cjreinille ; whose bounds riiiiniiig fnuu the St. 
leneed at their present starting points, and ran north 
eton was nearly e.pially divided iiutween the abuve 

c bp inenti.ined tlial thr olil District liivisions merged 
the same territorial limilsas the Coiintius. about which 
District " w:is discartled. and has now become oV>soIete. 
wer parts of the eounlry where municipal orgaiiizatiou 
ted The only ' Histricls " now existing in Oiitari'i 
lalibiirton, Nipissiiig, I'ariy .s,.inid and .\lgoma. The 



present time the judicial or civil 



I'i.s formerly so 
both natiied and 
IS to geogr.iphi- 



erefore at t 
l'ro\ iiic 

ith the above change, tho C.oi 

Klectoral hivisii.ns. These are 

■y ale forme.l entirely indepi'iident 

• Coiinlies. allhoiigh in some cases i hey are identical 

graphical bounds. As applied t.i this' localitv, the 

comprises two Villages ami ten Townships : 

I il,l'ivi-i fCarIe|..ii emprises, .11 Village and eight 

\ illage of New I'Miuburgli. and llie To»ii«hi|is of 

"»u' le altlioiigh within the Codafu -being » j.art 

l>i\ isioh ,,f Kussell. 



Tho first I'arlianiout 'Ist suasion' called together by Lt.-i lovcrnor 
Simcoe's proclamation, above allude 1 to, provided bir the erection of 
jails and eourtdioiisoi in the various JJisti icttj - at the same time 
changing their names. Lunenbuig was ehanged tei the l^astern Din- 
triet, and the judicial seat w;is tistablislu'd "at the town of .New 
'* .lohnstown, in thcTownshiii of Ivlw.irdsl.turg." 

The llr-t e.xi.Uence of Cartel on a; a s.parate County w.as established 
by .'Isth (ieo. Ul.cap. .'i, ^liiid I'.irlinment, I'. C. which jirovided that 
it should e insist of " the Township of Neiieaii, with a tract of land 
" hereafter to be laid out into 'J'owndiips, beuvecn Ne]a!an and a line 
" drawn north lt>^ west, from the north-wesl angle of the Township of 
'* t.'rosby, until it intersects the <-itiawa lli\\;r, together with such of 
" the islands in the snid river as are wholly, orin part, opposite there- 
" to." The same .Vet I'dso made .i re-arrangement ot the Districts. — 
Fly it the Counties of i.Jrenville, Leeds and t'arleton -as they were 
then constituted- -Avere formi'd into the District of .iohnstoun. The 
Townships of M.irllioro' ami North ' b-wir, now in (,'arlton, at that 
time belonged to the CiUinty of (Ireiiville. 

The .'I'lth ' ieo. 111. cap. If., [irovides ** that from and after the pttss- 
o ing of this Aet, there sh.ill be lornied, constituted, and e-taldished, 
"anew iiistriet !o consist of the Counties of I'reicottand Kussell"- 
to be called the District of Ottawa. The Township.-: of (lloueester and 
O.sgoode now part of the t.'iututy of (,':irleton were included in that 
District. 

iiy the .Vet -il fieo. IV., caji. 111., :iml § :i, it is ,u'ovided that ■• Jie 
" 'i'.iwnships of ( lo'ilbiirn, IJeckwith, Drninnioiid, IJathnt-st. .\Iarcli, 
" lluiilley, Itanisay, Lanark, Dalhoiisie, North .'^herbrooke and Smith 
'•.'sherltrooke, together with such other Townships as may be surveyed 
" by direction of the (io\-eriior, Lt.-tiovernor, or other iiorson admtn- 
" ittering tlu- (o.vernineiit of the I'roviiice for tlie lime being -within 
" the present limits oi the County of Carletou, shall constitute and 
'■ i-enndn the said County of t'arleton." 

'J'he 4tli section of the same .\et aiithorizt-d the Lt.-(oi\ernor to de- 
rlare the t-'onut}' of Ciulutoii :is altove detined , a •seiiarate District 
so soon as In; should deem pro]ier, ami under whatever name he should 
eh'.o.se. He subsetpieiitly. on tile l-'iilt Novemia-r, 1-sjJ. and by autho- 
rity of 8:iiil .Act, I roclainied the ab.-ve Coiinly a new District, under 
tlie name of the Di-trict of liathurst ; and the -Ith Ce--. I\'., ap. IL, 
jiassed .laiuniry :i9th, lHi:i, lu-ovides for establishing courts within the 
s:dd Disirict, and specities tiie Town of I'erth as the location fm- the 
jail and court house. 

'I'lie ne:vt change which aU'ected Carleton politicjiily w:ts caused by 
the 1st Vic, ca[>. -N.W'., l'-':i7-il'S, -a part of which we ipioie : 

" Whereas, it is eipedii-nt to erect from certain parts of the Dis- 
" triets of li.ithurst, .lohnstown and llttawa, a new District, with 
** Hytowii for its Dintriel T..wii : ;iiid that the billowing Townships, 
" viilili-il, Ne]icaii, (oiulburn, .March, Huntley, Toi-bi.ltuu and l-'itzioy, 
" now foriuiiig part of the District of I'.aiiiuisl : North (o.vieratid 
" Marlbon,,' ,.f the District of .lohnstown: and (■loncester and 
•• lisg-ioile. "f the District of tittawa ; together with the islands lying 
" wholly 1,1 in palt opiio.,ite thereto, do bu-m the said new Di-itrict. to 
•■bee:ille,| the District of Dalhonsie ; 

" lie it therel,iu enacted, tVc, • ' ■ tiiat so soiin as 

•• it shall be liiaile to ;.p]"-ar to tli,. satistacli'-li ,,f the Lt.-tlovernor, 
■• an, I the Kxeeutive C.nineil of this l'ro\iiieo that a gooil ami sullicieiit 
" jail has been t-rected for the acc.,t(ftiKsl:iti,,ii of prisoners, and a 
" suitable court-house f.,r the aceomin,Klati,,u of the i.',,urls of .luatice; 
" and als,j that the amount of assessments raiscl w ithiii the said Town- 
" ships is sullicieiit todefray llie necessary charges alteii, ling a se|iarale 
•' District : then it shall and maybe lawful to ami b,r the Li.-tiovenior 
" af.iresaid, by and with the a,lvice»nd e,.,n.sent of Her -Majesty's Kxe- 
" ctitive C,,niicil ill tin- I'l-ovince. t,i declare by ],roclaiiiation the .said 
" Townships a separate and ili-tinct District bv the name o. the Dis- 
•• triet ..f Dalhonsie." 

Tliiie wire several provisties— one of which w.is tlnvt tho jail ami 
e <url-li,iuse should be erected on .some part of the gi-oun.l set apart by 
the llovernnieiit for public uses, in the I'owu of Hyt,,wu. 

Section '." ,,f the r.aiiie .\et pr,,viiled that " the said T.iwmhips of 
' Nepe.m, (il,,ueester. ii,sg,)o,|e. N,u tli Ibiwer. .March. iorbolt,.,n, l-'i'z- 
"t-o_\, Huntley, il -.:llinrn, an, I .\Lirlb,..ro', ; t,.gelhei with the is!. ,i,i, 

" lying wholly,, rill i,art ,,pp.,site thereto, do constitute and for .e 

"Ci'.'iity of Carletou :, mil that the Townshii, of I'aekenham-.l.aM 
"hti-,.>fter beaniK-.\e,l t.iami b-riii part eif the Conntv of Laiiarl: " 

Tlie Solh .section of the above Act reads as bill,-ws : "l'r,,\ided, 
" howevi-r. and be it further enacted by theantliolitv of tile .sal.:.-, that 
"the as.sessments of the Townships ',,f i i.sg,.„„le :iii,l Gloueesier be 
" anmiidly pai.l to the Treasurer of the i utawa 1 bstriet, t,i the n.sea ot 
" the saiil District, \iiitil its p,,pulati,,n shall increase to 7.riU(i. ' 

Thus the District of D.illi,,ii»ie an.l IheC.iiinty of i arlel-n became 
i.lelitical in lll,-ir lerrit,,t-i«l limits. Siil,se,[uently, li,,wever, as aliea,iy 
expl, lined the Di«irict was in.rg.-.l into the V,,iiutj ; that is, th.- 
doignation applicl t-, it as a eivil and judicial ilivisi,,n beeanie '.'■■iiiitii 
— the term Di,|ricl being entirely dropj,ed , and the /."(i/ii-r/ ,lesigim'- 
tion waschanoedt-i the " Idectoral Divi-i,,n" of Caileton from which 
the Townships ,if (;i.,iicester and n.sg,„„|i. weresubscpu-nth taken and 
ad, led t,, tlu- i;iei-toi-al Divish.n of Unssell. 

l'revi,,ii- to this, howevei 'hough not till bair years after the pas- 
sage of the Act proviMonally setting ,,11' tin- C,,unty and Distriei-the 
Lt..lh,v,'ni,ir issucl his l'r,,clamati, n in IH4I, .is llie Act anlli,,rized ), 
an,| the lirst Disl-icl Council ,,f D.ilhousie was oi-gaiiize.l umler the 
iii'w ,,|-,ler ,,f things. ,ui the UMli •■! Augusi, LSfJ tin- pn.cee, lings ,,f 
which will be el.sewhero detailed. 

r.el,,re the above .\ct went ml,, f,,rce, liiough s,,me time subseipieiit 
to its passage, a ihaiige ,,ecurii,l which atl'ecteil Carlet,,ii not only as 
a constitueul palt ,,f the l'r..\inee ,,f I'pper Canada, but as an in, li. 
vhlual pi,'dlieal ,livi.,i,,n there-, f by the Ciii,,n .\el, which passed the 
Imperial I'arliumeni ,,n the :',i-,l ,lnly, IS lll,anil came into force on the lOlh 
Kehriiary, 1S4I. Ly this .\, i. which re-united the Provinces of I'pper 
and L,,wel- Canada, the T.,wu of l'.yt,,wu was declire,! aseparate di\n- 
loll b,r representative i-urpos, s, since which time it liasb,rnied no pait 
of C:irlelon, as an Kleetoral Division- although it cntinu,-,! i,,rsoiiie 
ye:irs ami until its incorp,.ratioii as a city as pan of the County l',,r 
.Municipal purp,,ses, ami is still attac-lied t" it for all civil purp.ises in 
c-,niiecti,,n Willi the ailniinistratioii of justice. 

The name of theCounty .,f ('at-b-|,,ii was very appiopriat.-ly clio-en 

III h,in.,iir of .uip of the line.st of men and im'st di-tingiiished ,u-mi 

lin-iits to s,iciety, ::s well as on,- ,,f the nmst illusti jolts 'of Ih.tsewh,, 

have by their bravery conlribuleil to the Domincn .,f the llritish 

'■'"I'"' I' wlmse wis,|,,m has given |,i-,s)„-ut\ t-- those ,,ver whom In- 

Koverne.l. Major (leneral sir (Jiiy ;'.iilet,,n, i',,rmerlv a Lieiii. 



I 



"T^ 



•^ 



COUNTY OF CARLETO 



Colonel in the British .Vrniy, cnnnuiuuled a ivgimcnt during the cam- 
paign inuItT Wolfe, whicii n suited in the cjipture of Quebec, and took 
a g;itlant ;ind leading piu-t in ;dniost every action which occurreti be- 
tween the J-'ieiieh and I-'nglish in Canada, until the rinal cession of 
tlio country tn (ireat Ihitaiu. He suh.ieinieiitly performed meritori- 
iiusand ^';Jlant si'rvi.us against t!nj Americans dnrini; the llevolution- 
ary War. i'minoted stoi> hy step for exemplary tomiuct and brilliant 
geneiaisliip, ho was three times appuinted Governor-in-Chief of 
Canada, and was acting in that cajiacity when Cpper Canada ».'is 
formed in 1701. He ha<i at lliat time been elevateil to the Peerage 
under the title of Li-rd t)f>rc]iester. A brave solilier, a skilful olHcer, 
a wise ruler, a masterly liiploniatist, an honourable and warnidicarted 
gentleman, and a devoted pt-rHtinai friend, tiiero was noue mure tit to 
give a name to 'the noble eounty in which is situated the political 
metropolis nf the ;^ivat Dominion whieh lie took no mean jiart in con- 
((uoiing Ironi the Kreneli, and of whieli he was one of the earliest and 
Ijest of ( io\ eriiovs. 

A sketch ol the political history of Carleton, however brief, would 
be wanting in a niilerial con-i-tent |Kirt, if thi- fKi-sfuarl of the Parlia- 
mentary representatives should be omitted. We have found this ex- 
ceedingly ditlicnlt to obtain, but froni the great amount of eutpiiry ami 
research applied to the task, we feel eontident in .stating that the facts 
as given below will be found e»tneet. There are no records, or books 
or works of referenee, where a complete list can 1>« obtained. Wo are 
infornicil by aulliority that the onl\ way to get such a list wonhl be to 
peruse the Journals of the Houses of Parliament from tlie earliest days 
of I'itrliaiuentary (lovernmont to the pre.sent time. We know of 
several eases where parties, well-inframed in jiublie and political 
aliairs, h;i\c uniU'rtaken to obtain such a list fi>r a ]>articular puipose. 
and given n]i the task on learning wliat a heriulein one it is. Many 
of the reeords above referred to are in manu.script, at>d it WtMdd r»tpiire 
so ;;reat an amount of time _and labour to accontplish it that 'lo one 
has yet been b-und wlio considered the object justitied the etl'ort ; 
I'Ut. as above intimateil, we have yotten the main points of the parlia- 
mentary sueees?ion since tlie lirst elaction within the County of (.'arle- 
ton into such form as to ])oap|)roved as correct by tlioae best versed 
in siiuh matter.-*, iiu'luding a nundier of tho,-it' whose expenence dates 
baek to the earliest election at whicli there were any retident voters 
witliin the jtrc.seTU limits of the county. 

(.'ol. iJuike. brevet -Major of H,M. !)!)lh Hegimt-nt. and Sujjerintend- 
ent of the military ^ettlemint of JlKlimoml, was the (irst rej'resen- 
tative eleetOd finni the lerrilory now compri.-iing the l.'oiuity of 
I'ai-leton. This was forthe old .lohnstown Oistriet -orat least jtrevious 
to the setting oil ,,f the iVithurst, Lb^iriet -ami therefore very soon 
after the forniatitm of the Uiehniond Cnlony : as the !ia*thur>t 
Dislriet wa.i birnied hy proelamatiou. tlatcd Nov. JL'n<l, IH'J'J ; and we 
are assured that when Col. Ilurke was elected, the District 'I'^iwn was 
at IJroekville— winch .>ettles thefaet that he was elected to tlie Parlia- 
ment of IHL'l-o -lieingayain returned to tlie Parliament of Is^'i-l*. 

Thomas .M. Uadenliurst sueci-eded Col. Ilurke. He wa.-* a lawver ■>( 
very wide and f.ivor.ib'e reputation, who ]irat'tised at Perth. He ran 
in the Lilieral intere.it, ami defeated James Houlton, a very pronunent 
citizen of IVrth-aml brother of the late Hon. Geo. y. Ihuilton, Senator, 
of Cobnnrg. He took his seat in the Assend)Iy overwhudi the ccle- 
Irated Mai^liall S. Hidwell pr^^sid^.l as Speaker; but on tlie ileath of 
tieorge IV., in l^'io, ParlianieTit .vas di.sst>Urd after two .sessions. 

ISy this time tht- ( 'oiinty of Curleton, as then constituteil. had be- 
come entitleil to two representatives : and those elected to sit in the 
Pailianieiit which assendded January Htli, 18:ti, were Col. Lyon and 
Col. Lewi6. of Kichmond, ex-Caplains of the old Dflth and lIHtth Uegi- 
meiils. 

From tlie time Carleton became entitled to two rei»resentative8, up 
to the general election of IM'J. next after the union of the Canadas, 
in 1S41 — when bytown was given a sejuirato member, and Ity a redis- 
tribution of Territorial Divisions the original County liei-ame very 
much iesseni'd in size by the withdrawal of that jioition whieh is now 
bannrk and lienfrew — and therefore entitled to but one representa- | 
tive, instead of two as formerly, -the contests for Parliamentary honois j 
were of a triangular and ipiadraiiLiuhir nature between three or four [ 
of the following gentlemen : ('a|ii. I. von, Caj.i. Lewis, Capt. Petrie, 
lion. Hamnett Vinirey, ami Kdw.ird 'Mallouh. » »f tlie three Parlia- 
ments intervening, the two tinallv returned for each was a< follows :-- 
1H;J1, Capt. Lyon -nd Capt. Leuis, as noted above : I>;>1, Capt. 
Lewis and Lilward Malloeh ; I8i'.7, Kdward .Mallocli aiel (.'apt. Lyon. 
On the latterof the above three u^cisions. Captain Lyon w;ui returned 
against Captain Petrie. The latter pr«itested, an<l the case was 
dei:it|ed ia his favor ; but not until his opjtoneiit had sat two sessions 
in Parliament. Un the tlr-t above-mentione<l oceasioii. Hon. Mr. 
Piniiey was returiieil as bein;^' elected over Capt. Lyon, but tipon the 
latter (•lot.esting, the former lesiuued Ins claim in (,'apt. Lyon's favor 
rather than submit the <piestion to the usual test. It will l»e noticeii 
that the tirst two of the above ternis were .shorter than the tisual 
period, whieh was fourveais. Tiiis was caused b_\ dissolutions to meet 
the eviL'eiieie-. of the political party in power for the time being. The 
last KeSflion of the last Parliaim.rit , in which ' arleton sent two repre- 
sentatives, WJW assembled on the ;ird December, I'^lilt, and sat till the 
loth February ensuing. 

Durnig the year IHiHall parties were waiting for the eotnpletiou of 
the negotiatii-ns and legislation w Ideh were to unite the l'ri.vinees,and 
the general e'ection was not held till the Mb April. IHH -the n-w 
Parliament as.sembling at KingHtiui on June Litli of tliat year. At 
this election the eoiitestants were Capt. Lyon and l.dward Malloch 
tlu: former Ihmiil' the successful eindidate. 

Thi> i'.irlianient. the tirst of uiuteil Canada, was dissolved by liitrd 
.Meteilfe '''U the "-'Ith September, IHli, immediately after its tirst 
assembling at .^bnltreaI. The elections were heht on the UltliNov.. 
and Janu'H Johnslou w;u* elected by a very large majority. This gen- 
tleman uas auioni,' tlie earliest settlers in Hytitwn his name appearing 
untoHL,'tlio i'U^iru'-s men of that I'laee as early as \>^'2H, as a store- 
keeper and auctioneer. He was also siibsi-.|Uently a newspaper 
man, tiiough eii^fiuully a blaeksmith by traile, and a very clever 
fetlow-entireiy a Melf-niade man ami, at one time, by far the nio^t 
popular in all that section of the Ottawa Valley Put dissipation 
to whieh he had piwiously luien a stranger followeil him into his 
pobtual life, as it has numv of our best and ablest nun, and soon 
wreekeil the pro.^perity whieh it had taken alifetiine of labor and self 
denial to build U[i. iif was a great frieml of Dr. Duidop, a very 
widi.-ly known man, tlien rejircseiitative b>r Huron. During a carouse 

in the refreshiiieni-r n of the Hoii^e. the Doetor challen;^ed Johnston 

to resign his seat, whereupon he immediately walked into the .Vssem- 



bly-chamher. and, addressing the Speaker, said he 
On taking his seat next day, ignorant of what he hail 
at most that it was but a joke the Speaker called t 
Sergeant-at-arm» to the fact that there was a strai 
and Mr. Johnston was left ttnueditate at lei>ure U] 
course. 

Writs being immediately issued for a new electi 
were Johnston, Malloch ami Lyon ; but the lormer \ 
friends, and only oiitained a few votes -Ca]it. Lyon 
the unexpired term ol tin- second Parliament. 

This Parliament i>eing dissolved Dee. bth, 1S47, 
held June UUh, 184>>, and Malhich was elected ove: 
op])i sed hiiu. 

7he fourth session of the third Parliament tern 
(whence it had been removed on the burning of the 
ings at .Montreal) on the oUth August, IS.'tl ; and 
the fourth Parliament assembled at C*'"-'bec. tui the I 
electing.!. Sandtiehl .Macdouahl, Spuaker. Mr. .Mall 
returned for t-'arleton to this Parliament (wliich was 
term , was the son of a shoemaker who had been 
settlers in the Village of Itiehiiuuid. Heing an indiis 
man, he wa-- enabled to bestow upon hU family a 
such etlucational advantages as were at that time til 
use they ma<l«' oi thoMe advantage- proved thein 
tlninaelvea and an honor to the fatherwho.se .sacri 
rots he lived to see repaid manytold. His -on Kd\ 
jMofessional man, represented the County of f'arle 
for HI years, and was for many years Sheiilb Two n 
to leading po.-iitioiis at|the liar, and were atterward-* 
County ot Leeds, an«i the other of the County of \. 
At the .-e.ssion of IH.M, which aiseinbled .June 
occurred, owingto the neail\ eipial division of the 
parties, and a dissolution took place June 2Ist. witl 
a aiugh Hill. The general elections came on in 
Parliam -nt :ussemblet| Sept. olh foUowiui^'. \\ m. F. 
for C.irleton for thi- Parliament. lb; was tlie son 
llvt. Lt.-(.N)1. of theVH'th, who eommanded that r 
previous t«t its <lisbandment- after which lie \\i 
l>ayand ai)pointed t<i tlic superintendeiiey of the ti 
at Pertii, as Col. Hurke was at Kiehmond, C. 
extensive farmer an I leading eiti/eii of the Coui 
wliieh he was the lii>t Sherilb lie died in Ids nat 
Ireland, His scui Win. F. , was bm'n at Perth, reii 
when a ytiung man. Previous to hi.s election to I 
leiu'esented liytown as De[uity-l{eeve and lleeve 
Distriet Council— over which he has been chosen to 
for a number of successive terms. 

During the continuance of thi-, tlie Jiftli Parii 
t JovtTinneiit was again transferreil from t,)nebec to 
there Feb. b'ttli, l*; 'b . and the inconvenience of llu 
induced that biidy at its htst .■'ession, in l*^t;7. i<i a 
name a loeation f<tr a permanent eapital, and to 
tf'JU(»,OiM> toward the erection of Puhlic Bnildin;. 
selection should be made. 

During the latter ]iart of the same year « I '>."»7 
held, and tin* sixth I'arliameiit assembled on t)ie -^ 
Mr. Powell being again returned for Carleton. Tin 
prolonged .session luueli time being consume! i-n i 
ineiit (piestion. Ottawa had been selected by I 
capital. The tiovernmeiit ot' the day stood by th 
dista-ieful to the majority- -and on rlie Jstli .Lily tl: 
being defeated on a motion bi-oiiLjiil in by theO|'i 
" a cause of deep regret that Her Majesty had Im 
" Ottawa as the capital of the eountry." The 
.Ministry was then formed, but the I rto purtie-- we 
that the necosary legislation for eoudm-liiiu' the ] 
not be earried on, and the new Ministry were de 
of want of eoutideiiee, ami resigned after liohii 
The Cariiei-Macdoiiald Ministry was fttrnied 
notoriou.s " doiible-shulile." and tided throii-h 
tlieir narrow majority liH the expiraliou of th 
tilt- s<!ssion whieh met .M.nvh Itith. IHtJl ^again at 
on ihe rttU May. 

Ditring all ihis agitati(m, in which the ehoi 
tuie ot ihe chief [lointa of diirei'ence, .Mr. I'owell vi. 
the sidi: of .bilin A. .Mticdunald, the great cliani] 
clioice." 

.Vt tilt; general election folIowiiiL;, the Ueforne 
majority : but Carleton a^jain returned Mr. P 
Parliament a-.siinbled at t^biebee, in the early pai 
:tf)ih ot .May. during that session, the Ministrv 
Militia llill.'aml siu-ceedtd by the .Mar.lonald-Sie. 
istralion ; whieh was in turn defeated on the PJtl 
meeting at (^uebee, Feb. Pith , and Parliament w 
At the ,'(iieral eleelion soon followiiiL', Mr. 
b-r the b)urlh time by the County of Ciil 
Parliament, which held its lirst session .\ug. LUli 
tield-.M.irdon;dd .Miid-trv, with changes in /<■ 
thisse--ion but were eiunpelled to i-e-i^n iii 1 
the Taehe-Mai doiiald Aflministration, ..n the ;ii 
del'eatetl June 14th; and in order to pi-uet-ed witii 
and inlioduce -ome -yvteni which wmild do 
ihat were at any timi' likely to arise under (I 
t'oalition Oovernnient was bu'ined ol the strong'- • 
and the ■leheme i nan _'u rated whtrh a f«w ye.ii- l;ii. 
federation ..t tin; Pritish .North Ameriean I'lovm^ 
of t'anada. 

In ISi;.') Parliaim-nl assembled fir Ihe l.'st tii 
Hill August the serond se-siou during that year 
of ijie Deputation to Kii'.;Iand, in reL'ard to tin; 
tion ; and on theHih June, IHtiO, the ih-^^t rm-eti 
Parliament was held in the new Parliament Ituit 

The Pritish North Ameriean .\et came 
atioii.lu!\ Lt. I'-<'.7 : the ohl Parliaiiieiit expiring, 
from I'arliami-ntary life to a'cept the >hrlevalty 
in the general election which lolhnveii, John Moln 
Coijinions over John Pochester, who ran lorlli 

poth the aliovp gentlemen cont' sled the t 'oim 
iii'His. at the general election of 1H7:> ; luit th 
defeai'd by liouhesler, by a narrow majority 



Ah 



3F CARLETON.— C 



ONTINUED. 



V. 



il, iulilrussiiii} the S]ionkur, siiiil lie wisliwl tii ivaig". 
u:it iifxl clay,igiiiiraiit uf wlmt liu hail lUnu', ur tliinkiii;,' 
Has I'lit a ji'ku tin- Spuaker calloil tile attt'iiliun ul'tlie 
IS to tliu fact that tlifiv was a Htranyur in tlie hnusc ; 

111 was left to luudifatu at h'i-*uro tijion his injuilicious 

iiiiiin-'iliati'ly issuetl for a now election, the eaiidiilates 
Malloehaiitl Lyon ; Init the loriner wasilesertoil hy liis 
y olitaineil a few votes -t\i|it. Ijvon l-ein;^ I'etunieil for 
:eriii of tile set'oml Parliament. 
I'nt heiiiL* dissolved Dee. (itli, 18-17, new etei-tioiis wore 
181"^, and Malloeh was elected over Uyon, who ayain 

session of the tliiril I'arliiiiiient turminatud .at Toronto 

heeii removed on tin* Imniini^of the l*arli:niient hnild- 

d) on the ontli .\ii','nst, 1S,-,I : aiicl the lir-sl session of 

iinent assetnhled at tj'nehie. on the liilii -Vn^'iist, l^.'tL', 

Ilield .Maedoii.ild, Speaker. .Mr. .MalloiU who was again 

rleton to this Parliament (which was his last legislative 

st>ii of a shoein.-iker who had lieen oiif of the earliest 

Village of llii-hniond. Ueing an industrious and jirudent 

hied to l.estow upon his family a lilier.-d amount of 

al advantages as were at that time ohtainahie and the 

I i those advantages |iroved them alike a credit to 

all honor to the falln.-r whose s,acriliees in their infe- 

see repaid manyfold. His son Kdward, though not .a 

11. represented the County of t'arlelou in I'arli.iment 

1 was for many years Sherill'. Two oilier sons attaim;d 

lii'lis at|tlie U;ir, .and wt'l'i' atterwards jnilges one. of the 

Is, and the otlii'r of the t_'oinity of l.an.-irk. 

ion of 1.S."i4, which aisemhled .lune loth, a deaildoek 

g to the nearly ei|iial division of the opposing iiolitieal 

[lissolution took |daee .luiit! 21st. without liaving pas.sed 

The geiier.-d eU'ctioiis came on in .liilv, and the new 

eniKled Selil. ".tli following. Win. 1'. I'owill was eleele ' 

r this Parliament. He was the son of .Major I'owell, 

of the '..•'.Mil, who commanded that regiment at (,>iiehec 

ts disliandment- after which he >\as retired on lialf- 

ited to the -llperintelldeliey of the milit.-iry .settlement 

Col. Ihirke was at liiehmond. Col. l'<iwell was an 

pier aiil leading citizen of the County of Lanark, of 

he tirst Sherill'. lie died in his native town of Sligo, 

son Win. F., was horn at Perth, remo\iiiL: to llytown 

man. Previous to his election to Parliament, he had 

iytown as l)e|iuiy-Ueeve and Kecve in the Dalhousie 

il — over which lie has hcen chosen to preside as Watden 

f successive terms. 

) continuance of this, the fifth Parliament, the seat of 
vas again tr.insferreil from t,>uehec to Toi-oiilo iiieeting 
h, lb 'ti . and the inconvenience of the migr.alory system 
)ody al its hist session, in l-'io, to ask Her .Majesty to 
Jii for a permanent capital, and to vole a grant uf 
ird the erection of I'uhlic Unildings. whenever such 
Id he made. 

e latter jiart of t!ie same year (1S57' new elections wore 
si.xth Parliament asseiiihled on the 'J'^tli Feluaiary. IH.'i.S; 1 
■ing again returned for I'arieton. This was an iiniisually 
sion iiiueli lime l« ing consumed on the Se;it.ol-i lovein- I 
I. l)t»awa had liecn selected hy Her .M.ije-ly as the 1 
loivenimelll of the day stood hy the choice, hut It was 1 
the majority- and on the lisih ,|iily the. Ministry re.-igned, i 
I on a inoiioii iiroiighi in hy the ( *pj">sition " that it was 
Iceji regret that Her .Majesty had iieen advised to .seh-ct 
the capital of the country." The lirowii-'llinmmoi'd 
linn formed, hiil lln* two partie-- wi-re so evenly divided 
-saiy legislation for coiidiieling tin- puhlic luisiness could 
I lui, and the new .Ministry were dele:ited on a motion 
■nhdeiice, and resigned alter holding ollice two da\s 

lacdonald Ministry «as I'ormeil, w hicll perpelrated the 
ouhle-shullle," all.l tided through the .lllliillltie- of 

iiajoriiy till the e.vpiraiioii of the si.xth Parlianient,witl' 
iich lint .M.ii-ch llith, IMIil ;agaiii at l.liiehee), and closed 
ay. 

this agitation, in which the choice of the capital formed 
ief pointa of iliireiince, .Mr. Powell very warmly espoused 
>liii .\. Maeduiiald, the great champion of " tiie tjiieun's 

letal election following, tile Iteforiners ol.iainetl a narritw 
It l.'arlelon again returned .Mr. P'lweil. The seventh 
siiiililed atynehee, ill the early p.irtof lnr,o, .and .m tie- 
during that sessiiui, the .Ministry were ih-fe.itcd on the 
nd siU'ceedcd hy the .Mai .l.iiiald-SieiiU,. (Keform .Vdluill- 
iieh was 111 lurn ih-IV'.-iIed on the I'JtIi May, I.Sii;{ session 
lehec. Fell. l:tlh , and P.irliament wa> at oiiee ilis>olved. 
-iiiral election soon followim.', Mr. Powill was ri'liirned 
ih time hy the County of C.irhton, p, the i-ighih 
Inch held ils tirst scssi.e, .\iig. l:!tli, jHil;). The Saiid- 
dd .Mii.i-try, with changes in imsimiul) lived through 
hut were compelled to re-igii in lH(i4 : and gave jilaei to 
udoiiald .\dmiiiistr.ilion, on ih,. :iiiih .March. They were 

.■ l-tth ; .llld in opier t ■ jM-oeeed tt llll llie pllldic hllsilles.-, 
J -oiiie -ysleiii which would ilo awa\ with ih" dead-hu'ks 

any lime hkely to aiisi- under llie exi.sting status, a 
.erniiu'iit w.-is formed of Ihe stronges! men of Itoih parties; 
lie inaugurated which a f«w years later resulted in IheCon- 

the llrilish North .\merican Provinces into the Hominion 

'arliaineiit assemhied for the la.st lime all,>iiehec, on the 

the second session iluring that year - to hear the report 

jilion to Kngland, in rcLMi-d to the proposed Coiil'edera- 

I till' Hill .Inn.-, IHllfi, lie- lirst noeting .if ifle Houses of 
.as 111 Id in Ihe new Palliamelit Ihlildings nttawa. 

isli .N'U'lh .Viiieiiean .\cl came into oper.ition .Inly 
t, l-i;7 ; till, (dd Parliament expiring. Mr. Powell retired 
leiilary life to aeeipi the shrievalty of the Counlv, and 
il elei^iion which followci, .lolin lloljnes was eleetcl'to iln- 
er .John Itoehestel, w lio ran lor the County against him 

aliovpgeiillenien coiipsled the I ouiily aeain for the Com- 
! general election of ltt72 ; lint this lime Holmes w.-is 
Uochester, liy a narrow majority. 



Mr. Holmes was for many years a loading man in the municipal 
and political all'airs of the Cotnity. A hrief reference to his puhlic 
acts is elsewhcro given. Mr. Hoche.?tcr is the son of (ino of llie early 
settlers in that part of Nepean known as Kochestervillo, a .snhnrh of 
the City of Ottiiw.'i, which was named after him. He is one of the 
leading husiness iiieil of the Ui.strict. lia\'iiig lieeii an extensive hrcwer 
and maltster - .and heiug now one of the princijial Inniher merchaiiti 
ol the Ottawa. .\t the general election which followed the dissolution 
of Parliainenf, on the aci-i'ssion of the .Mackeuzie-lllake Administra- 
tion, .Mr. Uoclu'ster was again returned ftu- the Commons, and again 
at the general election of IS7,'<, when he defeated the Itev. .lohii May 
hy a small majority. .Mr. .May is a I'uiversity graduate, was formerly 
a I'hnrch of lOiigland clergyman, and has lieon for a nuinhcr of yearn 
the [nsjieelor of Pnhlic Schools for llio Comity of Carleton. He i» a 
very ahle and popular maii--wi-ll versed in everything not tixcejiting 
polities ; .-iiid the I'losc run ho gave Mr. Itochesler shows him to have 
a deep hold on the scufimeiils of the most intelligent portion of the 
oloctors. 

The political existoncoof liytown as a scparatoconstituencyconnnen- 
ced with the operation of the Union .\ct. 'V\\r lirst electoral contest in 
the Division w.-is liet ween >itewart Derhyshire and Win. Htewart, and 
was gained hy Mr. Stewart, a Coiiser\ ati\e in polities, :iiid a native of 
the Isle of Skye, whence he emigrated to Canada and settled in 
llytown in lS:i7. He purchased from the origiu;d patentee of Ilia 
Urowu, in 18311, the tr.icl of land lying south of the city limits, and 
now known as Stewarton, which has .since grown into a part of the 
City, and is of iiiimeiise value. He was at one time one of the prin- 
eijial lunilu-r merchants of the tlltawa, and for many years a leailing 
man in all [inhlic, munii'ip.-d and political aflairs. Iltionly ro[>reseuteil 
llytown during one Parliament, hut suh.sei|neiitly sat in the .\s.senilily 
lor the Coiiuty of llnssell. He died in I .S.-jII, leaving a widow who 
slill .survives, and a family, of w liieli one .son, -Mcl.eod Stewart, is senior 
|iartiier of tiie law-linn of Stewart, Chrysler A; Cormnlly, and a 
younger one is Captain of the splendid troop of cavalry lately forineil 
in Ottawa- the l)ra.gooii (liiaids. 

In the next elector.al contest, 1814, Ihe same two gentlenien were 
candidates hut this time Mr. Stewart was heaten. Mr. Derhyshire 
w.is a Liheral in politics, and a .strong supporter of Francis llincks. 
then leader uf the Ueforin j'arty. 

At the general election of l,'<4,s .loliii Scott was returned f( a- lly- 
town. He was arstrong supporterof the Liheral Jiarty, a leading and 
prominent citizen, and vory al,lo lawyer. He was the lirst .Mayor of 
llytown, and was suhseituently created a judge. While .Mr. .^cott 
represented the constiluency, some iif the most important political 
events transpired which have ever formed a part of our history. The 
Conservative party had heen licaten throughout the eojinlry, and all 
the Kcfonii le.iders returned, inclmlnig Hiiicks, llaldwin, Lafoiiiaine, 
Price, ISIake. t'anieron, Nelson, and Papiiieaii. .\t Ihe second .-c.ssi.pii, 
which convened .-it Montnah.lanuary 18th, lS41i,Mr. I.afontaine inlro- 
(Incedwhal was known as the " Kehellion Losses Kill." It was de- 
signed to reiniliurse those loyal Lower <.'anadians whoso property had 
heen wantonly destroyed diiringtho Pehellion ; hut the Conservatives, 
who Were now in opposition - having heen supplanted the previiais 
session I,y Ihe llaldwin- I.afontaine Administratiou). raised the " loy- 
idt,\'" cry, anil iii;i,le the ignorant super-loyalists of .Montreal helicve it 
was a measure to indemnify reliels. The passage of the Hill was the 
signal for riots in Ihe eh cf l.'ilies and Towns of l.'pper Canada, 
in the hope of deterring L,a'd Klgin, then rjovernorluuera; of 
Canada, Irom a.sseiiting to it. Not to he deterred, Iniwever, 
such procQi-dings, he allixed hi.s signature to the Dill on Ihe 
'Jitli of April ; aiidthe intelligence spread through the city with such 
r.-ipidity that ere he left the I'ailianient Unildings he was assailed hy 
a dense moh who hooted ami groaned at him on his dejiarture and 
ja'ltcd him with stones, I'liihs and rotten eugs. The same night the 
lieils throughonl the city rang alarms crowds collected in various 
localities, and inarching to the Parliament Unildings, entered them 
ri ' ' lO-lvn'.N. One of the I ioters llieli seated himself in tin- Speakir's 
chair, rfuid waving his hand Holemnly sai,l " 1 dissolve this House"- a 
speech received with treinilidou> applause hy the mnllitude, who Inid 
alreaily liied the huildings, which were al once totally destroyed, lo- 
gellier with all immense amount of manu-script. puhlic n-corils, tho 
Parliamentary lihrary, i<aintiiigs, Hialu.uy, and m.-my other fihjects of 
ini-stiiii.-ihlo value, much of which il wa- impossilM,- to replace. 

This was hill Ihe heginiiing of ihe ri,it,s, which lasted eontinuoinly 
for many days ; and during their prevalence the (iovernor-t ieneral was 
again attacked hy a moh, while heillg escorted hy a troop of ilragoons, 
aijd accompanied liy his suite, when he drove iulo the I'ily to receive 
the address of the .\sseiiilily on the ".lllli. He was greeted with showers 
ofst, lies, and nulhing hut the superiority of his horses, and tho lino 
drivin;,' of his jtoslillions onahled him to escap,- the desperate moh — and 
not even then till the head ol his hrolher, l.'ol. Itruce, had I eon severely 
cut, seiioiis injuries inllicted upon the Chief of Police, Col. Krtna- 
linger, and t.'aplaiii .lones, eommanding the escort -and evcrjr jianol 
of Lord KIgin's carriage driven in. 

Pri'vions to this, Lafontaine's housi^ hail hieli attacked and his »ta- 
I'les huriied ilown. while the houses occupied hy llaldwin, t'ameron, 
llincks. Dr. SeNoii, Holmes and Wil.s.iii ha,liiig Kefoiniers were 
sacked and liadly damaged. Delegates from 1,'uihec anil Toronto, who 
had liastenoil to Montreal on the lirst mwsof tho riots, to induce a 
removal of the Seat of t JovernUKMit to their respective cities, wer« at- 
tacked their hotels sacked, and soim- of them narrowly escaped serious 
injniies. Next dav L.ifouiaine's house was ag.siii .-ittacked and olio 
man was killed hy the military in dispersing the moh ; and during tho 
iiiipiesl, till- hotel in which it w.-is heingheld was lirod, ami vinloiit at- 
tempts made upon Mr. Lafonlaine, who was res, ned hy the milit.aiy. 

These riots, and Ihe personal insults oll'cred lol...rd'l';iL'in led to his 
resigiiati,'ii, hut Iln- Home (loverumeiit uphi.-id his ,ourse, and refiiacii 
to accupt it. These disgraceful acts, and the actimi ol Hie llrilish 
-Ministry in connexion with lliein proved a hlow to the Conservative 
parly from which they never fully recovered till Ihu position they 
assumed ill connexion with the Confedoralion .\ct of 18117 again re- 
sturisl their fallen prestige. 

.The elfoel npoii iheir oppnnoiits was, of course, exactly the reverse 
of their own diseomtiture; and Lord l'',lgin hecauieihe niosl popular man 
in t.'anada with the lleforiuers. and tli,' most hilterly hated by tho t'on- 
si-rvatives. Wliili' mailers Were in this state a puhlic iiieetiiigw»s held 
ou the irth Sepliniher, I84'.l, at the l.owir Town .Market, Ottawa, for 
the|iiirposo of iniiting l.onl KIgin lo visll llytown, and to make 
arrangements for his reeepiiou, Mr. Scolt look a leading part in favor 
of extending the invitation - which was liitlerly opposetl hy tlm other 



VI. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 



Inrty. Tliu mnutiiii,' liiiiilly ivsultuil in ii rint in wliicli inii iniiii wiw 
[ilitiil, Hevural Hoveruly wnttiiileil, and a lurgtj number nmri- '»r Iush 
injiireil. Nor diil it i-nil i\m\ Tin.' mlhurent.s n! Imlii |mriii's ussimii- 
l)li.' 1 for' iniK'.H in iiU liiri'iMinnH, arni iinarchy uail I'lcmdsht'tl wtTo 
I'Tily imvi'Mtoii liy till! miTiiwin;,' pivsiMU'i' "f ii lainc fmcf nf mililury 
with ^'nn.H in pusilinn u( i-vn-y iivailahln point tlii-nu^'liDnl tiiu 'ruwri. 
'I'iii-'c riuis hiivi' .-"inii' liucri known its "tlir I7lli S.'|p|<nili.T Uinl>" 
iinil llii'iliiy i' ]io|inliirly known mm " Siony Mon.liiy." Il lorrni'l i|uili' 
an I'poih ill ih,. polilimi liisioiy ol llylowii.anil orcoiii-i' n-~nllcil in no 
invil,:li.)ii liriii;; i'\li'n inl lo Loul Kl^in, ai \\r< ili'>.i^ni-cl, 'I'ln- al'li' 
ili'l'Ma-i' ol' Ihi' rioiiM--. -oini' ol' winiiii witi' liii'd lor niiinlir. lir-'t ImoukIh 
Itolicil Li'is, i.'.l'., tlii'ii a Vfi-y yiinn^ lawyer, in inomincnt ami popular 
noiiic, ami laid the r>iunilaliou ol liii riituiv oivat sni'ee>i in the le^al 
jirole-sion, 

'I'lie aliove riots 111' inurK!' hail the eire.-l of defeating the .Theme ol' 
the l.ilieraN to invite Lord Kl«in to llylown. liul two years hiier, when 
parlv spir.i ,iil.side I and the I lnveiiioV-t l.-neral li.id niiide him-ell very 
popular with all piilies he was inviled to the plare, and a'-eeptini; ihe 
invitalion, ,1 verv ple.i-iat visil wa-i spent. Joseph AuinomI and .iolni 
K^au, thi'ii Ihe leading •'l.iiinlier Kinf,'.s" oltlie (Mlawa, wi-iv iiistrumeii- 
lal Ml eanyini; out the plans for Ih. vi-ii, and it is said ihey privali'ly 
speiil over .■< 1,111111 in dipeiisiii;.; hospiialiiy to tin' iiolih' Karl. 

The polllied enliipli'Vl.m ol' the ele.lors ol livlowll a'.i.iin eliauoed 

Willi ilie .1 1 Mr. .<i-otts imuiiilienev as ils Parliamentary repre-eii- 

t.ilive — A,i,'ar yielding', who sin ceisle.i liini, heino a slimi^' t'oii-er- 
vative. 

He, ill turn, w.is suwe.-de.l l.v lion. |{i,-h,ir.l \V. Se.)ll,(,i.( '., (S.Mial'.r, 
lale Seireiaiv ill' Stale in ihe Ma. keiizie Ailmini-liMlion, an.l pr.-ent 
h.a.l.ror III.. (lppo-iii..n in llie .s.nale. This -.■ml. in.in sat ih.. terms 
in Ihe l,..L;i>laliire, heinn ele.led lirst al Ihe o,.neral eleeli.mor l^.'iT, and 
a^ain ri'iiiineil al that of Isiil ; luit al the next ooneial eleelioii, in IMi:i, 
111' was .l.'liale'l liy .1. M. Ciiiiier, one ol the present iminl.ers. 

.Mr. Ciinier isa iiaiive ..I' Verm. ml, where lu' Wiis lioni in jsjll; 

tleaixli li.'lia- I n a lesiih'iil ol L'ana.ia sim-,' he was 111 year- ..t a;,'e. 

For in. my years he has l.een aimiiii,' the heaviest C'anailian o|ieialors in 
i'.iresl protliieis. lie isa inaii oI'Ljieal liiisiness tact ami ahilily. .in.l im- 
nii-n,-.l\ ]iopii|,ir, l„,ih |'eis.,naliy an.l p.'lili.ally. lie was the lir-l 
ineiiil.er iipi.-.iilin- (lllawa in the lloiisi- ..t ( '..ininolis, ami al the ;^i'n 
er.d ehelion ol ls7 I he was a^aill letllin.'.l. this time liy aielani.llion. 

This M'ar lli.' Cily lie.a eniiile.l i.i two represi-ntaiive.s ; aiel l.y 

arran^eiiieiil l..'lween the parti. -s, on.' was si'le.'ii'il hy eaih, an. I tin' twi. 
retnrne.l willi..iil an ele.l.iial .■..iilest. The Hel'orni memh.r wa- lli.' hit.- 

.loliii n.iw.r L.'wis, s.iii ol'C.ipl. Lewis .ililn' lii.li I eololiy ol' l.vl.'-, 

one ol Ihi' llm-i lawyers whiih ( 'arl.-lon has pi.i.liiee.L.r p.isse-se.l ami 
previ.ius 1. 1 this. Ih.' iir-t Mayor ..I' i Hl.iWii, a p.isili.iii which lie Idled lor 
tlire.' sn.-.'es-ive lerms. 

(In the .li-.'-..liition ol' Parliament l.y the newly r..rme.l Miiek.'ii/ie 
A.liiiini-tiali..ii, the eleetion was .■..iilesie.l hy three ean.li.lates, .1. .M. 
(,'iiiiiei, P. St. . I. all, M.I->., and .los.ph .\iinion.l -the two I'ormer (ol' 
w hoiii, P. St. ,I.,iii. is a \'ery iihle and popular city pliysieiaii, and a 
slr.-n;^ K.roi.ner , IniiiL^ retiirne.i. 

.\l th.- -.'s-i I' l.'-TT the C.n.-ervatives " sprunj;" the teehnieal pr.i- 

visions ol' ih.- " lii.l.'p.'iiihn.e of Parliament .\el" upon the Mini-try, 
aime.l.liielly al Mr. An,;,'liii, iii.nih.'i'iloi St. .loliii, N.l!., ami the Sp.ak.r 
of ih.' I|.iii-e ol ('.inini..lis a;;ain-l whom ill.' ( Ipp.isilii.n enl.'rlaiiieil 
a hitler .'iiiiiity. Th.' II 'l.iiim'is i.'i.dialisl ih.' eon-, ipnin.' I'.'iiiL; thai 
ipiile aniimlitr .'it I>..lh -i.les were loiinil in.'li^ilile, iiii.ter the lell.-r ..f 
the law, to the p..-iti.ins they oieiipie.l. Mr. < 'uirier was one of these - 
the hnr to his iliL;ihiliiy h.-iii^' ih.. fa.'l of the husiiiess linn of wlii. h he 
was a nirlmr having furni-h.'.l himli.r l.i -oin.' ..f ill.' Piihli.' I le|iart- 
iinnr-. He ili.'i'.lori' ri'si;n.'il hi- -.al. .\|.ril. 1^77 - l.ui in Ihe ehrtiou 
tollowiii;^ h.' W.I- I'.'tiii'ii.'.l I.\ l,:inii iii,ij.>iily. 

.Vt Ihe la-t 'j.'mtral .'lei'li.iii, I7tli Sepleinl.er, IS7,s, he was aoain 
relnrii.'.l at till' he.iil ..f the p.ill, when ihere were four eiinte.stants — 
111'. Si. .lean, M P.. .M.iy.ir l'.aii};saii.l .l,.-epli Tas-.', hesiiles himself.-- 
The laller wa- nlni mil as lu- . .illi-aLiue, and i- al-o a < 'onserv alive. He 
is a .Miilli,^' man. :i Knleh I 'ana.han, .in exielleiil -ilmlar and powi rlul 
speaker, .111.1 w.u hirni.'i'lv fii'iieh tian-lalor in the Parliaini'iitai v 
olliees. 

The " h.i'.d " ri'pr.'seiitatlon of (Itt.iwa ln-oaii, of i'..uisi', with the 
iirnanizalion ..f the Onlaii.i l.i'iii-l.itui.', eoiiiempor.iry wiili ('.m- 
federalion. The lir-t r.'pr.'-.'lilalive of the Cily in Ih. Oiilari.. 
l.e-islaliii.' was Hon. II. \V. Scntl, who ritiiini'.l I., p'liliial 
life hy Ihe .hoiei; of Ihe elcelols at the p'llelal eln'lioli of IM17. 
Ileua- a;;aill lelllrued at the ^'elieral eleelioli of I '-7 1 , and illoser 
Sp -aker uf llie -e.oii.l Parliament ol (Inlari.. a ii.isilioii wliiili he i . - 
sijjiie.i on ih.' f.irni.ition of the Itlake-Maikeiizie .Vilmiiii-lrilion 
a.'.ipliii;.' 111. rein llie p..-itiiin of ('oininis-ioiiir of Crown l.amis. He 

sal duriiio 111 mliiiuanie of the -e,. .ml P.nliaimnl, and mi the l:ilh 

Man h, I,s7'l, was appointed Seiialor and . In-eii to a pn-ilion in llie 
Maeki ii/ie Cahinet, wlii. h h.' lelaine.l till ihe i'esi^iiati..n of the miii- 
i-lry all. r the ;;.'ii.i-.il ili'i lion .if l''7.'-. Mr. S.'.ill is a strono iinipei- 
aiK'e man ; lia\in'.i iiitroijueed, and siii'iei'.led in .uelliiio p.-issed ihe 
"Cana.hiTi ii|.eraiiee .\i I." eimnioldy known .islh,' "Seoll .\el."iii lln- 
ll.imini.iii Pal I lament. Hi' .-ilrto inlro.liiee.l an.l earrie.l ihe " .Separ.'Ue 
Sehiiiil Ael of lM;:t" in the I intario la'i,'islalnie. 

At the Heiii'i.'il ele.tion of I '■■;4, II. ,1. Olliiin^hne, " the workiin; 
man'sean.ii. lale," was lelurned hy the Cily, whieli only semhs ..lie re- 
Iiresi'iitali\'e to Ihe la'-^islature Ihonoli two to tin I '.ilnmoMs. Mr. 
(riloii..i;iii..' Isa yoiiiio man, a piinlei hy Ira.le. a so.i.il.li' ami anneal. le 
),'entleiiiaii, vi'r\ inleliioenl ami well iidoiined, who lli.inf;li a " woikiii;; 
man," has done Ih.' Cilv. for wlii. Ii he is si ill (he sitiini^ memlier, no dis- 
eiedil a- il- P.irli.iimniai V lepi nlalive. 

The Kh.L.ial Uivi-i.iii of ih.' Ciiiinty of Carleloii I'leeted as its lirst 
lepre-.'iu iiiv. in the l.'';i-l.iiiiri'.Uol..'rl Ly. ill, the present .liiiiior .liidoe 
of the Coiintv. 

He wasd.feale.i at Ih.' next general eleelioii ,I.S71 l.v Win. Ile.u'oe 
M.iln'k, ill'' pii-.'iil -illliio iiM'iiili.'r. Iti.ioraphi.'al sketehes of both 

the al'o\'e ;,'.nll.'Mli'll will II.' foUll.l el-. 'Where. 

When llie paili-.'h'i'iive sysieni eaiiie iiilii forre for tile l.e^'islalivc 
Colin. 'il of ('ana. la, Ih.' Hivi-ioii to win. h Carlelmi lielonoe.l, reliiriie.l 
an its first ele.'iiv.' .M. I.. C., the 11.111. Philip Vaiik..iiL!lin.'l, g.C, ( 'oiii- 
mi-'iioner of Ci.avn Ijands in the .Mai'doiiahl-C.irlier .\.lmiiiistration 
iliiriii,' the lim.' .if ill.' si'V.'iilh Palli im.'iil of riiiled 1 'alia.la. 

This (;.'iilleiiiaii haviiio heeii a].p.iiiileil Chain'ellor of Ihe Cnui't of 

Cllal ly, ill the eall\ pari .if IKIl'.', Ihe seat he.ailie vai'ilUl ; and al Ihe 

elei'liiiii lalleii to lid tlio v.naiii'y, the lion, .lames Skea.l w.is i.tiirm-.l a- 
a iii.'iiilii'r ..f ihe Li'„'i-liitivi' i'liumil ; and hy the opeiition of Ih.' 
liiili-h N'.iitli Aiiii'ri.-a Ael, wlinli fiirm.'.l the Dominion, he lieeaine .i 
Senator. 



MILITARY HISTORY. 

Cannda haft lieoti luoreor le.sM of a military iiatini 

which wo have .my authontic reeord. .Aswcliavon 

lii.story," even tlu' painted sava;(es who r.iaineil tl 

dttawa \'alley ore l.'liamplaill, its diseo\eler, 

live Kralu'e, were a nation of uarri.irs ; ami the 

' of this locality may fu Maid to have eoliimeneed fro] 

oave his alliance to the .M^iili.piins an.l (ittawas. 

Ullt Willi lllese runiole {lerimls it is ll.it proposed 

I aliovo heads, nor will it c\'eii he necessary to trace 

status of military allairs, as a|i|iliei| In ( '.-iii.ida, e.xei 

have lueii foll.iwi'il liy miteworlhy cli.inoes in that | 

, oiir atti'ii(i..ii is 111. ire p.irticnlarly .lii'.'.ti'il. These i 

I the ell'ects of mileh lei;islaliiill the stale .if the cm 

tary aspect eii;,'au'in'.,' the eoiistanl ami most asshlmni 

rulers ami the rulers ..f the Piilish I'liiipire. This si 

from lime t.. lliii.' le'l'^htened liy ill.' llir.al.'iiim^ all 

power on our immc.liati' s..iillj.'iti lior.lei', from wh.in 

for many hnmlre.ls ..f miles is simply an iiiia..^inai'^s 

aiiihitinii an.l military resources alike warn us to hei 

j aye. ready ! 

I lielievino il lietler lo ifive tlii' results of llie vai'im 

! and ihel'efrolli to jlldoe the I'hanoes theinseU'e., Wei 

i In- statin;,' lli.it tiie present military territorial iiiii 

i I'liiiiitry is the '* Iteoiiiieiital I iivi-ion," ami that in i 

extent ami o,.oo|',ip|iiral limits il . .ii'r.'-)i.iii.l- exactly 

with the Kh'.'t.ilal llivi-i..li, which li.i- liieu al.ou 

conveiiiemc, so far a- appli.'.l 1.. inililaiv ill. ills, .i| m 

ami mihiary ilivisioiis I'oiii'spmi.l an. I .-..im i.h' wiih 

seen at a ohmce, and llie i.lea w hi.li orioiiiated it »a- i 

Well iiifmnii'.l ill piililii livil, a- w.ll a- niililary ma 

rca-mialil.' that a im'tnlierof Pal li.ilin iil, h.r in-lan.i, 

f.i. iliti.'s l..r kn.iwiiii^ ami Jml^^in;.; ..f all f.l.ts . .imerii 

of the nien-tlie /«r.-"ion' of the olliiel's ami the gel 

of llie sei'\ i-e, ill. -III. till;,' va.ani'ies, appointineiits, p 

his own eh'i loral divi-imi Ih.in he ..nil. I in any other, 

' of III- : ami a- mailer- Imlli ..f p..liii.,il and miliiary 

j tran-ai l.'.l at the .apilal, the plan a.lople.l l.y Ih.' piv- 

I to the a.hiplion of llie K.';.'iiii.'iilal lii\ isioii-, is the in 

i emihl lia\i' lieen desired, and t.ti.Is, moreover, to im 

li.'i'lioii, a.s il were, helweeii ill.' piiMie civil ami 

which niii-t result in a oieaier intiliial iiiliie-l ihc m 

ami a c<ili-e.|neiil hen 'lit to h.illi. 

I from the naliiro of the siilijecl, any r.'inaiks upon 

; of the County of Carli'tmi In. in a military point of v 

lirief, as ih.' . hief events whi. h ...mliiii.' to I. inn wl 

hi-tory tliis.'..iiiitry posse— es and ils iccnnl in thai di 

c.niiaili.'lioii, a I'ec.nl worthy ol einiilati.in had iia 

: Caj.ital C.illnty pos.-.-e.si'.| a loc.il lialiilalion an.l a 

re.. 'lit. if ih. '.SI' events, at till' lime wli.ii C.iih'l.iii lir- 

the alleiili il the selller, Was the An, -hi- American W 

the lir-l impoi'tant settlement ol th.' emiiity ic-ulli'il 
were thi'in-.'lvi's the .lire.t cH'ecls of that war. The 
silllellli'lll (Which i- cl-ewhere ihlailc.l) liii.-ht llier.f 
.if its iiillll.ll\ lii-loly. as it was accoinpll-hc.l l.y a 
, emini'iilly military cli.iracter, iiio-l of wlimii lia.l toll 
protessioii 111 arms, and had cmilosted under Ihe I'.o 
j (.1 eiupiie on many a hard-foiiohi Held, in many a I. 
chanoiiio clinic and varytno latitude, from the I 
-iiiiooins of the Indus to the iceberos, olacicrs, an. 
Labrador. 

This military cleineiit in th.' p.ipniatioii became | 
stn.iio. and an accmint of the name- and riuiks of tl 
I old inllitia, ulio-e prolici.'li. y in tho -.'i.'li.'C of an 
! niall> .if 111. Ill lia.l pl'i'\ ii.tl-ly po-se-se.l from .\lliiy or 
aciliiiieil on the " \i'aily li.iiniii- day," lorcihly nnm 
Wanl's c.iinpany .luriiio the .American ('ivil War, ii 
thiily-oiie cajitains ami olio piivale. These " traiitin 
ol.l -y-tem. Were laughable all. Ill's, at leir-t -owe li 
.il.lc l.ii.licl nun were le.piiic.l i.i ni.'.t one day ii 
, oil ihe birlhday of the Sovcle|o|i), ami be "piitll 
i which cmisisleil ill aiiHWeriii.- lo their names, " -ji.aij, 
-eiitiiio" arms (-aid "arms " comprisino a few hiw 
I pilcldolks, ,Vc. to the ;,'allaiil ciiiniiiandino olHcel 
j called upon thclii t.'i give tlllee .heir- f.il the Kiliu; 
j he "tnateil," and overybo.ly .'I-e tnaie.l, an.l ihc pri 
, I'aplains ,.f .'.iiiiiiaiiy blank of Hi- .Maje-ty'- blank re. 
Militia ri'liied w illi a |iatiiolic coii-iimisiie-s of luu ii 
1.1 their coiiiilry. Plainly -jieakiii'.;. lli.' •■ .sy-lcni," m 
of sy-lein, in the old militia bran, h ol th.' piiliUc -ii 
de-cliplioll of bin e - the llie. lim,' b.'ile.,' oi'nel.llly ni.e 
.Iriinki II brawl-, la. limi- rmt-. an.l th.' -eltliii- of •• ..I 
We liml. hotti vcr, lliat wh.ii -erimis w..ik wa- 
, imii weic always on hand to do il. Allhoiioh Carh to 
live pro.xinilty to the scenes of ihe oleale-t di-,i 
! Canada at the liiiio of the Kcbellion, iimie of the inh 
' llav.' ravmin.l llie idea of tin' le.lrc-sol oriev. lines bv 
I lb.' people. 111 a body, -iippoiliiio th,. c..iislillilc.l anil 
{ military service in all diieclions, an.l in lar ^jnaLr 
j iiecessily existed hir. As loiio ii-o as |N:i7, iheio ai 
at least lour reniineiits of '• -e.leiilarv " niiliti.i, a- 
I call.'.l. o/i ,.,1/1, 1, ill the Coiinlvof Carlelmi; but ll 
j braced a viiy much lar^^er ana than ii .h.esat pn-i 
, Captain liakci's company, of Col.ili. I Iho llmi. riim 
I nieiil ..Ihe-lth Cai'letoii;, were calhd into active - 
j and were sialioiied on liana, k Hill, llvlowii -wl. 
I linildin-- now -taii.l ami .i . .nnpanv from 1 liiiillnirn, 
I Mills, laihei .if 111.' pn -.'111 li.'cv.' of Toibolion. w.i 

li-l of ihe .illi.ers .aiin.il be f iiin.li, wen' pi in al 1 

biii„'lil al..iiK-tli.' St. L.iwnnce Innil, im linlin- lln- 
bill';;, and Chrysler's Kirin. 

The iilde-rinililia Colonel for Carhliii is sai.l l.i 
Colonel lliirki, an ex-"llicer ..I Ih.. n -iil.ir armv. \ 
reoimenl .ib.nii l---.'ii. The coiiiin.iii.l nin-i al llial I'im. 
m.milial, a- llnio Wen' lli.n very h'w -elllors wilhili 

Siib.s.'ipi.'iilly I, nut. •(,'.. I. .11.. I Ly lallnr of Ih,. pn 

m.ui.le.l Ihe 'Jii.l C.irleb.ii .Miliii.i. Am. Ill',' Ih.' ,1 

.ll llie di-lricl. pn vious to .iirl diiiiu- Ihc U. 'belli. m, 
j in addilioii in those spoken of, Alajor Lett i^falln 



:cAl sketch of the 



MILITARY HISTORY. 

boon luoro or loss nf a iiiilitnry luttinii from tho tiiuo of 
! any iiutlioiitic rcuoril. Ah vvu liiivu Mi:un in the '* oiirly 
till! piiinti'il s:ivin,'iis will, nianu'il tho forusts of llio 
/ on; (-'haiiiplairi, it-H disi-uvuifr, huil h'ft hi^ nji- 
vorti Ik nation «if \\firi-iur.s ; ami tlic military hirttiu-y 
' may l<o Haiil I" havi; cnmiiit'ni-t'ii rnnn tho luiiniont hu 
ji! to tho Ali{on<juiiiH anil oitauas, 

u;.so romolu porioils it is not |iio|iii,soil to iloal nmlcT tin; 
or' will it oven ho ni't-cssary to trace the ever-i-han^injL,' 
iry allairH, as aiiplieil to ( 'anaila. i-xri'iil so far as tln-y 
iwisl I'V nott'Worlliy chan^'es ni that jiail of it to whieh 
s moi'e partii.nlaily iliii-i'Iiil. 'rin-sc i-hani^cs have lieen 
meli leL,'islatioii tint statu ol' the countiy from a mili- 
;;t'^'iM-^ the eonstaiit aiel must assiihioiis atleinion of onr 
inli'ls of the I'titi^jh iMiipiif. This HoliLJtuih; has Iteen 
Mil' hei;,'hteneil liy the 1 lin aliiuiiL; all itmle of a foiei','n 
iiinieiliate soMdirni horih-r, from whom the <livi<liln< line 
Ireils of miles is sim[ily an imaginary oni;, ami whose 
Military resourees alike warn lis to he at all times reaily, 

hetter to give the results of the various elianf(es simply, 
to jnilKe the eliaii^es themselves, we will pave the way 
t tile present military territnrial unit thriiii^jhuiil the 
" Ue^tiiiiental Division, " ami thai in iioiiil of lerrilorial 
iijraphieal limits it rorresjiotnl^ i'xaetl\', aiel in all ia,>e^, 

lolal hivi-i wlliell ha- heell aliiAe explailii-il. 'I'he 

I far a- a]iplli'il lo iiiililaiy lllairs, nl making the poliliial 
visions roiii->ponil aial .oinriili- wiili t-acli oilier can he 
:■, ami llie iilea whi.li liiii^inateil it was iiniloiihteilly of one 
ill pulilii- livil, a^ uell a- miiitary matter-. It is ipiite 
a mi-mhiror I'arli.mnnt, lor iii-lami, >hoiiM have helter 
ouim.l; ami jielxiiin "1 all faets roiiri-rniiiL; the ili.-jto.-itioll 
e [h i:^,tiuiil of till- iitiicrrs aiel the {.general reiiuiiemeiits 
imliiilin;,' va'aiicii-s, appointments, promotions, tVe., in 
al ili\'isiuM than lie iniilil in any other, or any other eouhl 
lilatler- liolh of poliliral ami military nature have to he 
le raiiital, ihe plan a.lopliil hy the pi'v,iiit Militia Aet, as 
, of ihi' l!i'L;imiiilal Division-., is ihe mo.-l lea^ilile wliieh 
n (lesireil. anil teiiils. moreover, to make a eerlaiii eon- 
were, lietweeli Ihe piihlie eivit anil military -ir\ii'es, 
lilt ill a Hi'ealer mutual iiilere^l the one willi die other, 
lit l.eli-lit lo l.iith. 

aluit; nl the >iiliiert, any reiiiaiks upon the literal hi>tory 
if Carillon tiom ,i miliiaiy iioiiil ol \iew, niii-i lie very 
lief events whiili loml.im- to loiiii whaiever 111 military 

llltry pe>se>-es allil it- lei-olil in that ilileelion is, liryonil 
I iveoiil worlhy of fliiiilatioii hail tlali-|iileil heforo the 
,■ ]ios.-.-esei| a loeal lialiil.itioli alel a name. The lilo.-t 
■ events, at the lime when I 'al letoii Ii!-1 lie.:;ali to attrail 
I the.-etller, was the Al',L;lo-.\meriean Waroi Isl:;.],-,, aiil 
tant sutlleiiieiit of the eoiinty re^mlfeil from rallies vliieh 
.■s the ilireit ell'eels of that war. The hi-lory of its early 

iell i- elseulu-le ililailei!) mi^llt therefore he r.lliuil a [lart 
iii^loiy, as it was aecoiiiplt^heil liy a r.iee of imii of an 
taiy iharaetir, most of whom hml followeil the lih-lon^ 
nils, jLiiil hail eoiite-teil iiinler Ihe Uoyal Cross the ri;_:ht 
many a harii-hui.i^ht liehl, in iiuiiiy a foreioii country ami 
e ami varying' latituile, from tlio liiirnino siimls ami 
le liiilu- to ilic iieberj^s, o|.n.|e.|.,.i^ ;ii„l Llernal .SHOWS of 

I element ill till- population hecaiiie pruportiniiatelv verv 
account of the name- ami uuiks of the nieiiihers'uf the 
lose prolicielii y in Ihe -lieme of arm- (asiile from what 
hail previoii-ly po.--i-seil from .\iliiy or Navy -i-rviee) was 
e " \eally ll.iiniii;,' ilay, " lolvilily remimls oiieol .Vrli inns 
liy iliiiiiio the .-Vmeiic.ni t'lvil War, in wliicli there wiie 
ains ami one private. The-e '• tiaiiiiiio ilays, " iimler the 
•re launhahle allairs, at lea>t so we now think. All the 

en were lei|uileil to meet one ilay in the ye.ir (,L;.-lleI.lllv 
ly of tile .'<oveieion), ami he " put tliroli.yli " the ilrill, 

I in answeiin.L: to ilieir names, *' shoiililerino '' ami " pie- 
(>iM "amis " compiisiii;; a lew hiwlin^'-picce.s [likes, 
. 1 to the oallant coiumamlino olHcer, who theruiipoii 
I'lii tA give three I lieer.- foi the Iviii^- uhiili, heiiio iloiie, 
ami every holly elsi' In-ali-il, ami the private ami tliuly-our 
ii|>auy hlaiik of Ills .Maje-ty- I'laiik le^'iiiu'iit of Carletoii 

with a pitriolic eon-, ioii-in— of haviiio iloiie their ilniv 
y, I'laiiily -juakino, the •■ .sy-lem," or rather eiiiire lack 
lie uhl militia hraiu h ol the puhlic seiAiee \\a> the wor.-t 
iirce -the miiliiin heing generally maile the ecca.-ion of 
.-, lailioiis riot-, ami the -elllin.g of •■ olil -cores." 
owever, that wlun -crious work wa- apprehemlc.l, the 
yHon haml to ilo il. .Mihoiyh Carlctoii was in cuiiipar.i- 
,• to the .scenes of the oreale-t ili-alhclioli in Lower 
tiiiio of the lichellion, none of the inhahilants sucineil lo 

the iilea of the I cilre-- of l;i iev.llices hy llii' folio of Brms, 
a holly. Mippoiliiii; ihr imislilulcil auihoiilies hy olli-i> of 
e ill all iliieitioiis anil ill lar greater iiuniher than aiiv 
■il hir. As longa,i;o as |s;i7, il„.|e a|.]iears to have liee'ii 

leoiments of ••-iilfiiiary " militia, a- they were then 

/■, ill the Couiilv of I'aileloii ; hut ihisoiuuly tliiii ,.iii- 
liimh larger aiea Ihau il ih.es at |.ie-eiil. \Vi- liml ihat 

s iiiiiipaMy, of Colon, I llui lloii. Ihomas .McK.i.\s legi- 
Carletoll , Here caUeil into iiitive service at Ihilt time, 
ioiieil oil llarraik Hill, llytown -whi'i-e the I'lrliaimnl 

-taml ami .i compaiiv from i ioulhiirn, in wliieli Kilwanl 
if liiepiv-iut l!eevii of 'I'oi holtnii. was an i,|h,',r a lull 
ers callllol li,- follliil), were pie-eiil al the selii-- of hauler 
le St. [„iwieiice fioul, im lulling ilie Wimliiiill, (igihiis- 
ysler's Kirm. 

militia Cohiiiel for C.irlel on is saiil lo ha\e hen IJciil - 

, ail ex-o|licer ,if 111,' r.giilar army, wl ouimamleil a 

I ISL'o. The cimmaiiil mu-i al licit I'lme h.ive Iuimi iiienly 
eiu wei.i Ihiii very lew settlers within the ilisirici limits. 

Mciil.-C.il I Lyon, luilnr of ihe ]ues,.||t .Imloe Lyon, 

e -'ml i:,irlel.,Ti Miliiia. .\m,ing Ih,. eliii f militia ollii ers 

previous to aiel iluriiig ihe Heliellioii, m.iy i.,. meuliomil 
1 tliose spoken uf. Major Lett i^fiilher of the preseiil 



Cilv Clerk of Ottawft), Miiior Ormshv, ilajor Street. .M.ijor L.hvanls, 
Major AiimomI, Major 'Sinith, Captains Hteplieiisoii, McKintion, 
Mcl'aggarl, Kenton, ■Kn.iman, ami retry ; ami aflciwanl- Lieul.- 

(-'oloiiels Am Ill ami Smith laiu iiiajois). .Major I'.raillev, (.'aplaii. 

Dnrie, Captain llav, Ca|ilaiii llinloii, Ca|ilaiii I'lnhey, ami f.'ptaiu 
.McKlrov. 

.V regimenl of volunteers wai- mgani/eil iluring 1^:17, wlm-e -ervices. 
however, wore not inpiireil hv the (iovi riimeiit ; Colonel lliiike was 
,■,1111111;; iiliiig ollher; Maxwell, L>iiii. ami Leil, Captains ; S|iroiile. 
Lieiitiiiaiit ; Short, Cli;iplaiii : ami Crawfonl, I'hysiciaii. The -oiis 
of these men iifterwiiriU orgaiiizeil a volunteer l.iilleiy of iirliUery, sanl 
to have heell ilie llisl ill I'ppcr Caiiiola. \V. 1'. Lett, now I 'ily < hrk ol 
Oltawii, was the most prominent in rai-iiig this corjis. 

After iiiiinv ve.irs the phiii w;is inlroiliii eil of hiriniiig ipaiiies ol 

"active militia.'" Tlieso were geiier;illy ■' inilepemleiit " e panics 

lleil is, not jolneil to any regiment, Ihe unit of our prc-eul mililaiA 
-yslcm l.eiiig llieii the liighost ilivi-ioii of iiiililary orgiiii/iilion. ^ These 

I'ompiinies reieiviil a -mall aiiioiml of en iiaoemeiil from ihe Ihivcin- 

meiil ill heiiig -u|.plie,l Willi amis, lliough they hail to laiv llieir own 
imiforms it heiiig the cii-tom to ilii .so hy iii-liiliiieiils of their annual 
ilrill i«iv. It .generally look ahoiit live years to gel -i|ii;ire with ihe 
Covernineiit on unifo'nii aceoiitit, ami hehuv that lime .iiiolher was 

gillelilllv neeileil. These colnpilllies Wile, floiu the nature ol ihillfi-; 

oiilv torincil ill the larger trnvii^. The\ were m,-llv calh-il •' Killc-." 
ami generally ilre.-.seil in a iiomleMiipt colomeil uniform hetween given 
;iiiil grev. 

The lirst organi/alion of ihi- ih-criplioii within tliecouiiH wa- ahoiit 
Ih" year I--.'!-!, when " No. I liilles" w;i- huiueil, with Captain (Jcorge 
I'alt'er-on, Lieiilciianl .laims Kia-er the pri'seiil llepuly ( 'hi k of the 
Crown ami Pleas , ami Kir-ign Francis Ahholl, uh the lirsi olli.eis. As 
"No. I" was the lirsi represcutalive hmly in (,'arleloii, which aflei- 
waiilsformeil the niicl.;us of Ihe pre-eiit extensive mililary (-•liihlisli- 
1111 lit ami splemliil volunteer force, we herewith appiinl ihe iiaiues of the 
]ililicipal olliiers who leive hceli siuc then coiinei lei willi it. Th,' 
following were the ciiplains in succession : — .lames l-'raser, .lohii Kni- 
leigh. Donahl .M. (irimt. .1. M. May, U. MowatI, .1. li. Ksmomle. U. (.'. 
W. ilcCiiaig, ami II. L:iiig. The compmiy was in acliv,. fronlier ser- 
vice in lsi;.">, ;iiii| iis c;iplaiii (tiraiil) was neuio Lieut. -Colonel of the 
I'rovisioiuil li;iltaliiiii, of which il was ii part. Of three "liillc" com- 
panies which, at varion- time-, exi-leil ill (lltawa. Ilii- i- the only oiii. 
left, ami is now Ccunpany E, ."iillli liillc-, commaiiileil hy Lieut. Colonel 
.lessup. Willi head iinartors ;it I'rescotl. Lieutenant Clulf is the olli, cr 
si-eoliil in colnliialiil. 

The ollnr two Kille companies were organizeil hy Capiain- Tiirgion 
ami (ialw;iy rc-pectively. Sulisei|Uently C;i)ii;iiiis N'arin, H(;a.uhieii, 
anil Cariieie coiiimanileil No. i! in sui i es-ioii, juul Captain^ Poitei ;inil 

ll'Collllor No. :t. They holh ilishamleil aller sevenil ye;lls existence. 

.\ company of Kngiiieers was also foinieil in Ottawa ahout 'weiity 
years ;igo liy Capt;iiii I). Siiicliiir, who was siiiceeih-il I,y Captain Perry. 
This oig;iiii/.iti,iii was also i|i-haiiiieil aflcr ;i ivw ye;tr-' i-xistem e. 

In i--."i!Mlie lir-l hatteiy ol the alleiwanls celehraii ,1 OiM'.a (Jar- 
li-on .-\rtillcry was raise I hy Capl;iin Poiiesi, It is jilso ^aiil to li;i\e 

heell the liist garrison hatteiy in tlie Doniinioii. It si 1 alone hu- 

Millie lime till the reiiioval of the si-jit of (iovernniciit lioiii i^Miehcc, 
when Capliiin Kos- . formerly of N'o. i! Il;illeiy, (.,)ueh,.i i-ii-iil No. ;> 
hattriy here. Siil,Mi|ll,iilly oilier live hatliiies were huimil, ami it 
was then cjiUeil a " l'iiig:ite, 'c'apl;un Foiic-st hfingthe lir-t eiiiiiniamHiig 
olliier, with ihe rank of Lioiil. -Colonel. The liehl ami statf at the 
loiiiiatiou of the IJiigaile were Lieut .-Colonel Korre^t. M.iJor Ko--, 
.Xiljiilant Parsons, .Surgeon Cmhl. The original captain- of the hal- 
Uiie- Were; (No. 1 Koriv.-I, i) l!ii>-, (:i Perry, ;l Ailanis, (.-, 

Hopper, (II) Omhalll, ami (7, DeP.oUi herville. M.ijor Hoss smceeileil 

to llie Licut. -Colonelcy, aiiil evenlinilly Lieut. -Colonel Peter Fglcsmi, 
who cntei'.il as 'Jiiil licnteiiant of No. 1 liattery, coiniuamloil the liri- 
gaile ell its ilishaiiilnii lit a few years Imck. 

.\t the lime of the "Tlellt ;llf;lir ' a llllmhcr of yolutlleer colup;lllies 

Were organizeil ihioughoul the couiily, aiuoiig whi,li was one hv 
the present ,1 lulge Lyon, who was chosen captain. This company 
attaiiicil consiilerahle iirolicieiicy in milihiry ilrill, hut iheii ser\'ires 
Mere ilc-lineil with llio>e of many other.-, when the excilemeiit c.iu-ing 
ihi ir origin leul ilieil mil. 

Nine com]iaiiics thus formcil tliiougliout the rur;il -iclimis of th,' 
C'.uiily wi'i-e aflerwanls incorporaleil into the -lllnl Hatlalioii of volun- 
teers, of which Lieut. -t-'olonel Dciirman was tlie comniiimliiig oitieir, iiml 
Will. Hume Cooper, Ailjillanl. Six of the-,- iiiiu. ciup.iliics ilioppul 
olf oil,- hy one, hciiig " gazi-ilvil out " hir not keeping up lo ihr numlicr 
ivipiirnl hy legiil.iliiiii.^ : ami the legimeiit has lo-l it- oig.iiii/atioli, tin. 
icmainiug three companies hving now " imlepemleiit." These coiu- 
p.iiiies ;ire known as Ihe .Metcalfe, tJoiilhurn, ami Viriioii coinpaiiies, 
ami h.mierly No. :!, Ih ami a re-pectively. of Ihe tlinl. Tlie olliiers 
are: of the liisl-iiameil, Capiain li.i Moigiii ; of tin- seioml. Ca|ilaiii 
tiaviu, Lieut, riihman : ami of ilu- hi.-i-name i, Capt.iin .Mclingor. 
Tleie is al.-o a comp;iiiy wiih head nuarlers at Kiulnirii. in Filzroy, 
C;ipiaiii liohert Walker, which is, for some iva-oii iinexphiiiicil, attacheil 
to Ihe liiockville reginenl. No. li 

Thus, of all the aiiivu militia aliove-uieiiti 'il, hut live . oiiip;iiiii.s 

remain, ami two of llm-e (Meti .ill'e ami Veriiou . ;ili hough in the Ci 111111 v 
C.illeloli, an- within the regiiuelilal ilivi-imi of Uus-ell, while the llilh. 
coiii|i,iiiy is within the regiiiieiital ilivi-ion of oiniwa, leaving al llie 
picscnl lime luit two com]iaiiies of voluiilcers within th,' legimeiilal 
ilivision of Carleton. 

Along with the ahove might al-o In- mi.|itioii,.il ih,' olt;iw;i Hoop ol 
cav.ilry. for a iilimher of years ha. k c.iliiiiiaml.i.l hy Captain Sparks. 
Thi.- Hoop, whieli lately might he sai.l I., hay., goii.' .ml of exi.-l.ii. .., 
was still r.t,iiii...l ..11 ih.. r..lls at Ih, .V.ljiiiaiiM l.ii..rars Oilic.., ;imj 
was lat.-ly re .uganize.l, uii.ler cmmaml ..f Capi. .lohii Slewarl, son 
of Will. St.-warl, th.i lirst .M.P.P. f.ir l!\|owii. This troop has'h.eii 
hrought into notici. hy r....unt events iu e..imi...|iiiii with ih,. ;ii|veiil of 

ill., new (iov.ir ■-i;..iieral. It i- callv a spl.-ii.li.l lio,[y ,.f \ .i|iiiii,.t.r 

.■:u;ilry, ami is ku.iwii hy the title of " T'he I'rine.'ss L.'uiise Dragoon 
Ominls." Wl- leive spok.ii ..f th.- ahove in the hi-ioiinil mil, 1 of "h, ir 

fomiali,iii, though tl nler to he ohserv.-.l -h.iul.l In. lir-l, mvaliy : 

then ailill..ry, .-ugim-ers, jiiel iuf.iiitrv. 

IS.si.h.s th.. Dliig I i;u;irils the presi'lil a.-tivi. f.ir.,- m i|i.. cily ..f 

ntlaw;i IS the l-'i..l.l i'.attiry, aii.l the (i.iv.-r -I li.iiei;il's l-'ool lliia'rils. 

Tlle.si' are hotll what are generally known as " erack nups. ' iimi with 
out 111., slightest exaggeration, ea.-li may he c||.serilu.il ;is .se.-miil to 
mine in llie wliol.. I l.miiiiioii in eli..ir ivspeeliie elass..-. The eelehiity 
wlii.'h lln.se two iioleil corps li;iv.. allaine.l thuillgliout the country 
untitle them to more than passing n.»tice. 



J^ 



COUNTY OF CARLETON. 



Till' FiuM Hiittcry was k''>zi>"'''1 ilurin;,' llio year I8ri."i, willi tlii> 
f"lliiwiiin iillicuM ; ('aptaiii (afliTWiMtl.s I,t.-('iil, 'I'linu'i' ; Ut l.iiMitH. 
I'orrust (adiirwanls ht.-C.l, nf tlio O. It. (.'. A. , m\A Karli'V ; iw\ 
Lioiit. Ali'X. Woikinaii. 'riio A;iri'iiiH ollii-t-i-.s wh'> havr ciitniiiarxli'il 
*.lio I lattery, iit .siiL'ciM^iou.arc Wnrkiuiiii tl.iuut.-tVimiiianiiin;^), Kursylli 
aiui Clarke. Tlie pre.seiil ollicerfi aro-- 
'Vi;i/r(i'ii--Jiiliii Stewart. 

/.■i( lAfvtrnimU \V. .Mi'Kay Wrii^'lit ami 11. liilliiiii^. 
'ud Li'itt'H'iiil Iteiijaniiii Savaye. 
I'atint'i^hf'^ A. S. W'uniilnirn. 

Sii.nini,i--l)v. 'V. li. I'.eritley. '• 

I'l l.-Svniroii — .laiiun llarri.t. 
The ll.ittery lias berii sever.il times uti active service, ami is in the 
lilitst Hctrviceable ami eliicieut imssilile state. 

Tlie ' Hivoriinr-Geiieral's Font (iiianU i'ear (he s.-ime ri'lati"n I" the 

either Volunteers nf the active foreo that the lintish llcmsoh.ihl Ti ps 

• lo til the TiMiips ,if the Line. The .ipj;,iiiir.ati if the (iiianls was 

aiiihiirizeii liy (leiier.il l>rilers iif 7th .liiiie, i^'i, ami C'ini[ileteil hy 
lieneral i.f.lei-s at the IHth .if the srvine immth. Iiy the fi.rm.itioii nf 
three Ciiiiipanies, twn of which were the latu imiepemlunt eonipaiiies 
of Civil Service Uillejl. 

The lir.st fnnmiti.in of the Civil Service liilles .lales to IHlii. while 
the scat of ((.ivcrniiieiit was at t^liieliec. Kere one enmpany was formeil 
the ntHoers Iieinu' .^tajor t '. .!. Amlersnn, Cajit. I'". Itrnwn ;iml l.ieiit. 
.1. Les. It. Uhss , which a\ the time of I'eiiian llaiii (1 ^lili) were itu-riMseil 
t'l a rcLjimcnt, li\ ennscriptiiii,' all meinliers of the Civil Ser\iie iiitiler 
4^1 years of aife The Kielil olliccrs were 1,1. -I 'ol. Wily ami .Major I'. J. 
.\mlersiili : the Captains, Lan^'iloii. Itouchette, Mereilith ami White. 
It was oriijinally fornieil fia {^iiarilin,:; the piililie luiiMini,'-. .-in-l when 
that necessity tlis.ippeareil in l.'^ti"^, the lii^ijiiielil w.is ilish.tmlc.l. hul 
two inilepemlent conipanics soon re-fonm-il, uhich suliseipiemly' 
linialnamiteil with the I!, (i. F. li., as aliove statcil. i 

Tills regiment is iimler the ilireot eniiimanil of the .Viljnt.ant- j 
(leiieral at lieail ipiarters. anrl has preceileiice o\er all other corjis of 
similiar rank. The uniform is the same ;is the t 'olil.-trcaiii tliianN, 
aiel the rules which ^'oveni them, as to ajiiioiiitmeiits. proiieitions, iVc. . 
are the .\rmy H';4ulationa as applieil to the Housi'lioM 'rroojis. They 
c-imprise si\ inmpaiiie.s, every one of which is tillcil to the maximum 
perinitteil liy reL,'ulatioii--."i.') men or :i;3n men hesiiles otlieirs : aii'l 
the .ilacrily with which they turn out may he JmlL;eil liy the lad that 
of those :t:>0 men, :IL'S aliswcre.l to their names in the laliks at the 
(,'raml Voliiuteer Ueview at Mnnireal oi. the iMih of Miy l:;st. 

I'.esiilcs routine iliity, they form X'ii-eie^al escorts at the opeiiim; 
anil dosing' of Parliament, auil on v.iriou^ .state ami pnlilic occisinus. 
Cue of tlieir most elleetive services w.as the prompt ipiellini; of the ■ 
ilr.inge-lyatholic riot in this city on the nisiht of the I'-'tli An^'ust last. 
Taken a» a whole, the ll. (i. F. (i. is a reyiment of which t Ittaw.a aii>l 
C.irleton are justly jiniiul ; ami iff wliicli the whole l>oiiiiiiion well 
might lie. ] 

Helow are the present otlicers : — I 

I/,,.,,!,. Col. -Thos. lioss(hite O. B. (1. A.' j 

.Un/ur.i. — Ilvt. l,iuut,-Ciil. White ami . I. 1". McPheisim late Capt. 

C. S. li.) 
AUjnt^iiit.—Hxt. Jfaj. Walsh i,late C. .S. K.) 
/'iit/iiiiri/t(-.--Major Wicksteil. 
Vii'i/f.'/'-.Uiis/tr. -('apt. (irant. 
.s-ar.,..,.,.^-MajorMaM...;h. M.I). 

.I.<,i./. ,N'..,;, -W. U. liell. .M.I). 

i\il't'i'ii,<. Tilton, Wealherliy, l.ee, To.M, Dunlevieaml Aumonil. 
/.i- 1((. ii.oi(i. — iliMlinni (lilt." .\laj.;, iliillin. Toller. Ilaiithier ami 

White. 
i'li'l I.i..,l.„,i„r,. -\\\A,l, Cral.iirn, Siirtees. .ami Wclili. 
TM.e various i^railes rank in the oiilcr iiamcil. They lielon;r to no 
particular c'-unianies, lint .ire /ie;/i'/e h'i'/ in the lle^til.ir Army sense 
of the woril. 

The Oiianls, as .also the Fiehl Iluttery, have each an excellent haml ; 
anil it is the iinprejinliceil opinion of one whose e.xjulirnre slioiiM en- 
atile him to form a coi-iect estimate of their compaiMtivi- merits, tli.-il 
hoth -Vrtillery ami (Juanls are a luoilel to he einulateil liy the citizcn- 
RoKliers of iinr N'oluntecr Force. 

\Ve have heretofore saiil nothing of the lleinilal's. .\lul altholli^Ol 
P.ytown, au'l .afterwards Ottawa, w.as a miiitary .'■-tation fiom its first 
.-ettlinielit, wliiiii was in fuel slarteil i'V two e imp.anics of Sapjicrs, 
who were sent out liV the Imj.erial Cii\,-iiimeiit to help to laiitil the 
lliileau (.'anal, yet the fact of the existence of a few re_'ular troops here, 
or the perioilie.al ehanees which were m.aile liy th*- recall of one iletach- 
meiit anil their rcpl.aeement liy another -in carrying out the system of 
the re;_nilar oiiler of the aliiiy ti.-nii of fiirei;^n service, cannot lie of \viy 
great interest to the majority of reailers- noi iliil the paucity of their 
liiinil ers citlicl a'UI to .ir iletract greatly from the material iiriis[ierity 
or moral imprii\emeiit of the place The last to 1,-ave were a iletach- 
nient of the Friiice Consort's Itcgiment. Previous to them tin; lottth 
lioyal Can.ailian Kegimeiit, which was raiseil in Camilla linring the 
< 'rimeaii War, were statimieil here for one y»'ar, having arriveil iluring 
the Fenian i{aiil of IHlili. The i'rince (.'oiisort's departeil .at tin: time 
of the general witlnlrawal of liiitisli Troops from the Doniininn 
some years ago. 

Many nun rrmii the variuus regiments which were ipnirtereil here, 
IVoni the lime of the arrival of Col. liy'-' Sapjieis to theilep.iiiiire of the 
Prince t,'on-orl'rt, uhlaiiii-il their liisclmrges ami settlcil in the vicinity ol 
( lltawa, m.akiii.' ii very valuahle, as well us a iiiiinerii-al aihlilioii to the 
pii|iulaiiiiii of tlie city aii'l couiiiy. 

We have )iicviously reniaikeil npoti the inellicienl character of the 
olil militia sysiiMn iluiing the purioil of the Irailiiional *' training ilay.'' 
It itoe* not appiMi- nei-e-s.iiy to tr.ice Ilie many change^ in the laws, 
through thiir v.iiioii- "lages. The iv^ull- of tho-c chaiiges arc to he 
.seen in the m.ignilici'iit volunteer army which the lounliy pos^es-e- a 
Very lair re]iie>eiit.iti\e piulioii of which has iilreaily heeii ile.-crilietl. 
lint the exi-lenceof the ah.ive forco i- hut one factor of this nalimial 
ami patiioiic -y-tem. We have now ^-olllc nnllmt with r.-ganl to llie 
cnr ilm ■nt of the whole arni>-lie.iring pupul.ttioii into various c!a>-e-, 
au'l tlii'ir liviiitn into 'irig.i Ics, rigiincnt- aiel ompanics, which 
in. ikes it feasihle to call upon any nuniiici- of reijiiiieil men al any mo- 
ment the .lecessity arises. 

In onier to a iii u-u thorough un.ler-l.iniling ol the -y-tciii it woiihl 

he well ti give a Iiriel 'llllltllliy ol lie- i llii-f ih.ir.lrtel i-tns of the 

piesenl .Militia .Vet. This i- known as the :(|M \ ie. Ci,|,. .\|,.,aii.l was 
ns..enti(l to li'.'ml .May, IHill). It coiilaiiis liiii section-, aiel is iliviileil in 
,■).') ilineii-nt Inails. Tliechlef of this,., wliii h relate to the goveiiiiiniit 
of the Ai-.liec or Volunleer, ami Itegiilar .Militia ..Mounieil Police, 



Uegular liitleries, I'tc.,) are so generally well known as not 
mention. Those relating lo the lieserve XI ililia which iim.st 
Arc the dassitication of the Miliiia, their enrolment ami exeii 
.Villi to hegiii ill imer-i' oriler of ilie ahove, the laller ex 
cniolmi lit all .1 iiilge<, Clcigynieii or .Miiii^teis, Piofessurs ii 
Tc.u'hil- in religious oiih-rs. all Wanhii-. Kecpei-, tVc. i 
tiaries ami .Vsyliiins, persons ilisahleil liy Imilily inllrniity, ai 
sons of willows also on certiiin conililions- retireil nllicer 
men, I'ilol-, .M.ister- of Puhlic .Schools, anil l,)iiukers, iVe., 
gioiis couv'eiion-are avetM' to lieariug arms. All others liutw 
tin years of age arc liviileil in live classes ; - 

1-1, - lietweeii 18 anil ;iil, unmarrieil, or wiilower- witlmu 

-nil. -The same, lietwceii :Ui aiel -lo ; 

:iril, lictween Is ami I'l, luit luarrieil, or wiilowcrs with 
ami - 

lili, .Vll lictween l.'j aiiil illi years. if ag.'. 

In la-e iif war, tlie.-e classes ale iliawn upon in the oiiler i 
lieing exhaii-tcil liefoii' the other is iliawn. 

The Uimiuiou is .liviile.l into .Military Districts, Ih.se 
Divi-ioiis, ami the-e again into Keginieiital Divisiuns, wh 
-aiiie a- the Klector.il lh\i-ioii>. 

The lir-1 ciiiolimnl umler this system took jilace in IHi 
prii\iili'.| that it -hoiilil t.ike (ilace every two y.-ai>, which i 
|s7:i. Then, hy -pecial .\.t, it was ]iiis|poiieii liiim liiu.' t. 
llie iie.xt enrolment will iioi oci ur till 1871'. 

Theie arc a Ll.-C.iliin.'l, tw.i .Major-, a regular Regiiiienia 
Line ( Hh.i-is lor ten Comp.uii.'s, in each IJegimeiilal l)ivi.-iiii 

Cail.iou i^ in the .Slh lirigaile Division of the Milil.iry IJ 
lic.-i.l-i|iiartersat Urockville. 

The pu-cnt olli.-.'rs of the (.'arlitiii: Hivision ale, 

,Ui(_/'/'.s .l.ihn haw-uii ami lliraiii .Svke-. 

.Vll / c,,., (/.■j(;r,ii/) -Captain Wm. liiiiii. 

.Vll. .'(■„., (rllWIll'/^l,l;—Capt. John Smith : Li.ul. Ile.lli 
lliickham. 

.Vo. ..C,,., ( 7/ii,i»c;/)— Capl. Anilivw LeII. 

.Vo. .', Cii., (.l/.irc/i)— Capt. .lohn II. Sii.-.t. 

.V... r, '■„., ((,',„i/;,„Hr„;-Capi. .I„lin Kiinp. 

.V... (,•(■„., iM.mmul't C.l|.l. \V. II. l;utlil-. 

.V". .' Co., (.\'ry«,(,(, 7i'u.i7>- 1 ' i|I. .tames 111 am. 111. 

.Vll. .s'Cii., (Aiyiidii, l/',s(> ~ Capt. .Iiilin Nels.ui. 

.V... .■! Co., ..l/..,/^../n) -Capt. John .Mill-. 

.Vo. /oCii., (.V (,m(Y(/--Ca|it. Wm. Cowan. 

C. .M. Cliuich, uf Huiiel.lean, wies the last Lt.-Col.. Inil « 
out 111 |s7.l. 

The iiiiinlier of men in the above Divisions is as loll.iws : 

mvisioN 1st i;i. \.ss 'Jxh class ;iiiii ci.as.s Itii i i.a 

Fil/iov J-.'l ll.'i Id;'. ;i."i 

Torlioiioii 7:i III -,:( :',i 

Uuml.v Iii7 :i:i Ki'.i >:i 

Jlareh! s;i in >; 71 

(iiiiilliourn •-"■Ml :iii J.'iii l:il 

llnhmniiil :'.i; I u'li Is 

Ne|ie.lll (l-t) \S.\ 7.'i \i\ 8s 

Xepcaii (:!uil;.... P.m 18 liU Ki-l 

Marlliiiro' i'<\ id 1:):! '.)8 

N. (Jowur ilL'd .'J PJ.'! 1-1.1 

Total ld."i!i -Sif, l.-iii;i !i:tO 

The following arc tin- ollic.-i.s tor the Uegimeiital Divi-ioi 
-o l.ir .a- iil.iti- to ihe Townships of Clome-ter ami (l-g I 

.V... ; r.... f (.•(., 111-. .<'... .Vol (/i) Capl. .laiins lilaiklmr 
Uoliillaiul, Kn-ign ilezckiah .Marl.iml. 

.Vll. g ('..., (i.'/.oicr.tic, .S.) Cipl. Nichola- Clarke ; 
(I'Dohertv ; Kn-ign D.iviil ( h inmill. 

.Vi..,;'Ci,.. (('■-■■/ 'i, Aii.«/r I'.ipt. .\il.uii .1. liikir; 

Blair ; Kn-. .lohn .M. Nah, jr. 

.Vii. .) I'll., iii.i,jm„U /ri.s/;-Ca|it. Tho-. Mansfielil 
S. C..n:pliell ; Kns. , lames K earns. 

The numlierof men in the almve Township- i- a- folio 

' III. lilVlsloN I.ST CLAs.s '.'.Ml . l.\ss ;i|||, 11. ASS ITII 

i;lonci-ter (N.). . ;i!ili 81 :idd -ji 

I il.i. (S.;... PIS II I II 1: 

0-goii.le (K.) Jill l."i l."il I.' 

ilo. ,W. ...l.'-jlt .'tn Kill 

Tot.il '.I7-' 17(1 «1H 

Ilo. iiiC.irhtiili ( 

Kcgl liiv. ) Id.Mi g:!i; l,".ii:! 

'. Total in Co. off 

c.irietiiii.... ) 'Ji:;ii itii'i :;;isi i.-i: 

The (llHcers fortius Higiimnt.il Ilivi-ioiiof 1 itl.iwa an- 
/.^-C„/---.|l,seph Aiimnnil. 

Miljnrlt- -.Vll.all 1 lilniolir ami 1 ieol-.;e Hav. 

I ''.i/iruoi. Wm. H. Pen k, ,lo.,.ph 'll. Pcllant, W 

I Na/aire I icrniain, .Mooii- lliggin-,Tliiiiiias lliiiitoii, ,!.i-. pi 
j ville, ,Ia- Ciinniiigliam ami William li. Uo--. 

/,iVii(,„.i»(,< — Wm. 11. Walker, C ge Annioml. 

Wm. Fimllav, I'atii.-k <:. liiophv, Wm. Slioollniil, .l.im. 
John .Manuel ami Niil W. .McLaivii. 

A'ii.-i'.),ii Cha-. Tlmm.i- Konlli, Ailhiir Ft-. Sauiiol.i 

J. F. (iiiigia-, A. ,1. .MiSii.i-, Chas. Hul.aml. II. W. Ci 

, (;. Mcllillivriy. ami llaiiin tl P. Mill. 

: Tile total nuinli.'r of mlliliameii 111 the |)ivi-i<iu i- I! 

. ('arleloii Coiinty, (il).'i4 ; total (exclusive of vnlinilecis 

County, ll,ii:i!i. ' 

The same Act governs the .Active aii.l lie-ervc Militia, 
clan-es wlii.-h refer lo the one exclusive of the other, 
nmler tli.> juii-sli. tiou ami cimniainl of the s.iim; stall, 
ollici-r- up to CimmaUilfi-iii-.-hief. 

Tin- sialfof ihi-lilie llli .Military Division (wlin-e hea 
liloikville. areas heliiw : 

ll.l.,il,j-A,lj„l„„l ll.mnil. 1,1. -Col. W. II. Jack-o 
lin.iu). M.ijnr. Mijor tl.oige Maitii,'. 
/'.I'l/iii.isd,.' SUy.t Davlil Wyhe. 
The late giuci.i! .iiilcr, changing the title- of ccrtail 
I'ornet ami I'hi-igii, to that of Jiel I, ieii'.enant, applies .ml 
; Militia, ami lln- -ame willi the change of lialtalioiis to |{. 
The ninnlier of .\i'ti\'e .Miliiia pei'formiiig amiiial iliill 



CARLETON.— Continued. 



Vll. 



lire «ii tjonenilly wi'll known nn not t" reiiuiri! 
i; I" llic Ri'sfivi" Mililiii whirli iiicwt iiiU'iTat uh 
Ik' Militia, tluir iiumIiiiiiiI ami I'XiMiiiitioii:'. 
•ISC .iriliT "I llif iiliovc, llii' liilU'i- iXL'liiili' Iruia 
'liTi'ynn-n I'V .\liiii>lci<, I'mli'^sdrs in Cnlli'j,"'", 
icIcVs all Wanliiis Ki'iju-is, Ai-., ..I' I'l^nitrn- 
■siin- ■lixaMcci liy Im.lily inlirniitv, and Ilic only 
>ii i-iTtaiii ronililinns- rotiri-d ulliciiis, j-caliirin;,' 

I'liKlic Scl U, ami l.liiakn-', ,Vi'., wlnw nli- 

r-i' III liiMiin^! arms. All iillicrs lieuvfun I"* ami 
It'll in tivu i-lasjii-i : - 

il ;iii. unnian-ii'il, or wiiluwvis \ritlioiit '^liililivn; 
\\ t rii :io anil -ir* ; 
I'l |i, Imt nLanii'il, m- wiilmwrs witli rliiMrun ; 

I ariil lid yi*ai-siif a^f. 

ilasM's aiu iliaun iijiun iiitlk' m'tli-r naun'il, mn' 
llii' iitlifi- is iliau'ii. 

iviili-.l iiilii Mililary Uis|rii-ls, tlicsi- in l'.ri;;aili' 
4iin iiitii Kuijiiiiinlal Divisiuns, wliirli an- llir 
>ivi-iiiii-. 

I uiiili'i' this system tiHik |ilaiv in I8('il». It was 
lake plaLi' every twii years, wliii'li it iliil ii|i tu 
I Alt, it was )iiist]ii)neil t'l'Diii time tu time, anil 
I II. it n,i ur till 187:1. 

'iiel, iwii .M.ii-.r*, a ii'u'nlar Ri':4imental Stall", anil 
■ iii|i.inies, ill eaeli llej^inienlal Division. 
Ill r.riyailo Divi.siim nf tlie Milit.irv IJi-lrii t.willi 
lille. 

■ i llie C.irlitiir. liivi.siiui aie, 

III aliil lliiaiii Syke>. 

-(Ju)'laiti Will, lii all. 

1^— Ca|it. .Inliii Smith : Liiiil. Ileilley ; Knsi^in 

^>-l'aiil. Amlivw Lett. 
I -Cajii. .Iiiliii i;. Street. 
>rti) t'apt . .Iiiliii Keiii]i. 
Ill/; r.ijil. W. II. I'.iiilei'. 
, /'.'.I./;-! 'i|t. .lames lieamftn. 

I, IfiSl) fa|it. .liillli Nelsiill. 

r.i)— L'a|it. .Iiilin Mills. 

'•(■I'f-L'aiit. \Vm. I'liwan. 

11,,/elileail, ttUS the l.l~t Ll.-Cul., lull wax >,'ll/etteil 

■II ill the almve Divi-imis isa.s liilluws ; 

A.SS L'Mi CI..\.ss llllli 1 l.A^jS -iTll 1I..4S.S TOTAL 

■I-. I ..■> II-. Mil 



;i!i 


;;;, 


Iti:! 


:i.". 


:,u ! 


7:i 


III 


■■:( 


:il 


1117 


:i7 


:;:i 


Iliil 


^:i 


■i:il 


Nil 


111 


.sy 


71 


iii:i 


.'.•i(» 


:ii; 


:;.'iil 


KU 


117:1 


;)ii 


1 


L'll 


is 


7>' 1 


llii! 


~'> 


IJI 


M-s 


■I."i7 ■ 


l!l!) 


48 


;iii 


llii 


7'_':i 1 


•Jill 


-'11 


l;i;i 


M 


•(.•i7 


JL'O 


:i 


1 ;i.'i 


11. -1 


.Mill 



ll.-lll 



:!3ll 



l.-iii;) 



!l:iO 



■Ili-- 



tile (illiier.s I'lr the Iteeiiiieiital Divisimi nf RiisHell, 

■ 'I'liWIIsllip!* Ill' 1 lllilUester anil (.Is^^imile. 

.-■(.r. \,;lhl ra|il. ,)ames liliiikluirn, l.ieiil. 11. 

e/.ekiah Marl. mil. 

i«(.-.-, ,S.>— (;a|it. Niihulas Clarke ; Ijeill. ,1111111 

lliiviil (leiiiniill. 

'.■, A'ii.<0-l'.i|it. Ailaiii .1. liakir ; Lieut. Juhn 

■Nail, jr. 

III/. /r.,s/> ('apt. ■|'hi-. Mullsriehl ; bieut. .lohll 

lames K earns. 

ell in the iiliiive Tii«iishi|is is as |,il|ii«» : 



I. . 1, Vs< 


:iiii 


1 I.Vss 


Irii 


t r.Vhs 


TdT.VI. 


.11 




:iiii; 




■.'i:i 


lUllli 


1 1 
l.'i 




1 II 
l.M 




1:1:1 
l.m 


l.s.-, 

.'I'llJ 


llll 




|i;ii 




7S 


rj7 


711 




8IH 




cm! 


•-'."iiiii 


j:ii; 




l.-,(i:i 




D.-lii 


-i:t«s 



I Hill :i:(s| |."i:ii; iiii.-,4 

le H. jimeiit.al Divisiiinul iitlawa are — 
\iiiminii. 

Ill r anil I leiir^^e Hiiv. 

I. IV k, ,l.iseph 11. IVIIunt, William White, 

Hire llii;i;in.s,'l'liiimas Ihintiui, .luseph llelloiuher- 
III ami William I!. R11-. 

I. II. Walker, I ie.ir^e .\iimniiil, .Surviiis l-'i-rlaiiil, 
■k C. 111. iphv. Will. Shiinll.reil,, lames S. Hniu-h, 
■il W. .MeLaivn. 

'hiiiii.is Kiiiiih, .\iihiir Kis. Sauiiul, 1 ieo. (lei main, 
\l.suei-, Clias. Hiil.aii.l, II. W. iliilliii. IMwanl 
llamii 11 l>. Mill. 

r 111' miliiiameii 111 the llivisi.in i- iii.M ; 1 ual In 
i.'i-l ; liilal e.vi.lusivi III' viilimieeis; ill l.'ity ami 

eriis the .\elive ami Ri-urve Militia, e.Mept a few 

I) tl e e.\clll-ive III' the iillii|.. 'I'll. .y ale Imlll 

nil ainl I'liiiimaiiil III' liiu s.ime .-l.ill, Imm llri^aile 

l|.iel-ill-elliet. 

he till .Military Divisimi (wliuse hea.l-ipiailers are 

iiw : 

(.'iiiiMi/. Iil.-C.il. \V. II. .la.ksiiii. 

M ijiir (leiir,.e Maui. e. 

|..r Daviil Wyhe. 

.ililer, iliall;;iliL; lllO title- nl' lerlain ..111. '.'is rrniii 

II that III liinl l,ieiilemint.a|i|ilie Iv l.i ilie .Vrlive 

,. with the ehaii^'.- Ill' liallali.iii- P. Ite^iiiielils. 
iitivu Miliiiupeiiiirniiii^' aiiiiiial ill ill »as laiil lUiwn 



liy the Militia Art as-l(l,IKK). As hi^'ll us 4'«',(KKI liuve perfurniod drill, 
Imt hir the past tlirne yuirs the nunilier lias lieeii rediieed tu :ili,0(l(l, on 
aieiiunt III' the lurtailment el all utlier )iiiljlie expenditures, lor thf 
iieiielit of the Deparlimnt of I'lililir Works, in loniiexiiiii ehielly with 
theeiiiirmiius .lulla^ mi the emisirui timi of tlie I'luilie railway. 

Taken as a whole, tile present militia system seems to meet the rii- 
i|iiiremeiits III the e.iiiniry, and the entire luisiiiess rminei'tud with il is 
londueled in an admirahle manner, loii-ideriiiK the aimmiit of appro- 
iiiiiitii.iis lately miide Inr military purposes. Canadu now possesKes a 
Volunteer .\riiiy whieli -thim;.'li siiedl in numliers- is niana){eil hy a 
tlioroiif.;lily i.r/ani/ed and ellieieiit -tall' ; and wliiih, ill ]ioint of '.jeneral 
exielleiu'e, will i.iiiupare lax oral.lv with any similar orL'aiii.'.ation in tlio 
world. 

MUNICIPAL HISTORY. 

Pruvioii.s to the niiimi of Iho Caiiadas in |s|l, the territory now 
comprising' t'arlelnn ('iiiinly was atlaihud t.i the siirroiindiiit; districts, 
.■inilhailmi.sepaiatemiiiiiiip.il exisieme. I'mlir the authority of an 
Alt |ia-scd diiriiii^' the first ses-iuii uf llie I'arli.imellt ot the I'nited 
Canail.is, entitled, " .\ii .\.l 111 piovi.le fur the heller internal t^overn- 
"meiilofihat part of ihi- Pinvime whi.li fiiiiuiily loiistilnleil tliu 
" Pioviiue I if rppei Cinaila, l.y the eslalilishment of local or mini ici pal 
" authiirilics therein,' the lli-st iJistricI Coiincil met at the teni|iiiiuiy 
(.'oiirt -house in the lowii of Bylmm, mi the lllh day of August, \b-i-2, 
the fiiUowilii^ nieinliers hein^' preselil : 

I. The II miahle Thomas McKay, Warden. 

C'lllSCII.I.OIis. 

•2. .Iiilin Thonipaoii, for N'epuan. 

It. (!. W. I laker, 

i. Roller! ilohn-lon, l'..r llimlley. 

7). William .M.l\a\, f .r i loiilLuurii. 

(1. Rolierl (Irani. 

7. llamiiett I'inh.y, for .March. 

■1. .lohii I'liiekliaMi,' h.r Torl.olloii. 

II. .lohli .Neil, h.r l-'i./ri.v. 

Id. William Smvih, h.i ( lluucester. 

11. Arcliihald .Nici'.ii.i'i.l, I'.ir ( Is-oiid... 

U'. John I'ici fir .Marllioro'. 

II). ilohii Thom. -on, for Noilh (lower. 

TIio (-'oiiimission ol lli.^ W.irdeii .who at thai tiiin. Iiohl his position 

liy appoiiilmeiil of the (iovernmeiit ■ was then read hy the clerk, pi-'i tfin. 

'rile lir-t liii-iiie-.s of the Council was in appoint a Coiumiitee, coii- 

sistino of .Mes-rs. liuekliaiii, 'I'liuuip-on .Nepeaii), Xeil, Smyth and 

Maker, to dialt a set of nile^ for the ;_'ii\eriimeiit of the pinceedini^s of 

the Disirici (' nil. 'I'h.se rules as'iliafle.l, -iilimitted, and adnpted, 

emhiace the ;.;eiieia' principle- ..f l'arliaineiil;iry prailice. 

Numerous pet ir ns were iiie-enleil, mostly in connection with roads 
and liiidoes. which ,ipear to have lieen in a wrelcheil .state at that time 1 
when llie followinj; standiiio lommittees were appointed : 

I'lil'lir hni'rm-ttni'Htti. — Messi-.-. Thoiiipson (Nepoaii), Smyth and 
(.iiaiit. 

/•'I'miMCt'. — Messrs. I'ieree, Neil and .Mcl)oiu.lI. 

Slalule y.,'('ioi'. — .Messrs. liuckh.iiii, Thompson .North Oower), and 
McKay. 

."-.■/look — .Me— la. I'iiihey, Raker and .lohiistun. 
From the lacl that '• eiirrespoiideiice was read helweeii Haiiiel O'Con- 
"iior, Ksip, Treasiin.r, and thi' Warden," Ac.,\-c., il would appear that 
the hiinier. as well as the latier, had heeii appointed by (jiivernmenl 
('oiuiiiissioii, when Ihe histriil was set apart. 

It fill tiler appeals Irom a re-oliiii..ii inlioiluced liy .Mr. Jkiker, and 
sic.iiiiled l.y -Sir. Th.uii|is..ii (Neiuaii, re.piestiuo the Warden to 
ieiuaiid from iln- Wardens of the " llistricts of r.alliurst,,I(ilins|owii,iinil 
" ( iliawa 111 ti.iiisiiiit III tile clerk of this Couii.il, .ill and every, the re- 
" colds, 1.0. .ks. |uilL.'meiiis, nporis, cuders, plans, ilociinienls, iiislru- 
" nielils and Wlitill;.'- ill their [1..— e--iii|i, cllsloily, or power, le-peetively 
" appert. lining' or lel.ilili:4 to Ihe roads, hioliways, or lirldv^e* \villiin lliis 
" l)i-tiict.' that the said Di-lri.l of l)alli..usie'\vas l.ikeii from llii' then 
aliovemeiiliolicd hi-lricts of llalliursi, .Ioliii:-lowii and 1 Mtawa. 
' ..\1 thi- niectill,:; the hillowiie.. ollicial- were appointe.l .Auditors ; - 

liy the ('..lined ( leor-e lliiike. 
' liy the Waldell- .lollli ( looilman. 

'Ihe clerk wa- .'ippoiiild in a manner wliiili woiil.l .-Irike those only 
a.. [Hail lied with llie pie-cnl miiniiip.d s\-tfm, as l.eini^at least peculiar. 
The proceeilinos lelaliiiL; to Ihe a|ipoiiitnii 111 are as lielow : 

" I I. Mr. I'inhi.y iiiovis, secomled hy Mr. .I.dinston, iiiid ordered : 
•'That thi- Collin il proceed to the election of three candidates for the 
"iitlice of cleik the name- to he pn-euieil to His Kxccllency : 
•• ll is a^..|ee.l ihal llie .•leclion take |.l,ici. hv hallot : 
"The li.dlot for the caiuliilale- stands iliii- ; I'.aker, S; Lyon, .'1 1 
'■(lihli, .") ; Staiilcv, 1 ; I'.urke, I. 

• /,',,.ii'rr./, -Tha' Messrs. (1. I'. I'akir. il. 11. Lyon and Ale.iaiider 

" nihil he the thlee Caildidales letilllied to Mi- Kxcellencv the (lov- 

"ernor-lleiieial. for his -1 le. lioii for Ihe Clerk of this Disirici." 

.\ \eiy peculi.ir chara.ieri-iie in ie;:ar.| to the Clerks of minor 

municipalilies is also iniiiccahle at this lime, in the ivjipareiit ahseiice of 

any -pecilicalion of their duties hy (ieiieral Act. In this connection we 

oh.serve Ihe liilli.«ino : - 

" l.-i. .\|,:v.d l.y .Mr. Itaker, sivonded hy Mr. Huckham. and order- 

" ed : 'I'liai the liy law now jiresented to regulate and deline the duties 

" of the several chrks, he le.ul a lirst time." 
This was ac.-.iriliiioly done, tin- said l»y-la\y p,issiuo|l,ioii.^di its various 

sla^,'.--, ihelehy .■.illliuo illli, hire... The dlllie-. -ervices, I le of pay- 

meiil, and oilier Ihiiiijs c.iuiie. le.l Iheiew illi Were then so iliU'ennt fn.m 
what they 11. iw are, that wi. ^iih|iiiii a few of Ih.- clauses ..I Ihe lly-law 
lehrrod to ahove : 

"1. That the -ev.' d Town-hip Clerks shall call annual meetim/s, 

" on Warr.int of two .lu^ii. es of the I'ea.-e, to asseml.le the inhahitanls 

ficeholders and li..useh.ilders paviiio, or liahle lo pay, any puhlic 

'• assessmeiil, or rale, of >u.li T.nriisliip, on the first .Monday in .laliuary 

" each year, al su.l, pla as may h.. app.iillte.l hy said .lllslice.s in their 

" sai.l Warrant, lor the purpose of 1 hoosin.^r or nominalin^' the Touiiship 
"Ollicers prescrihed hy any .Vd of Ihe Lciiislaliire. " ♦ ♦ ♦ 
I "III. 'I'liat it shall l(e' the duly of the T.iwn or Townslii|i Clerk to 

I ** iiiake .ml a full an. I detailed si.iteiu..|it of all moneys received and 
"expeii.led hv him. hy virliie of his ollice, diiriii.,' each year, which 
" slalemelll -liall he siL;lieil and cerlilied liy the .s,iid clerk -a copy of 
" which sh.dl he put up .Ll the pla.-e .U winch the cnsiiinj^ Town meetino 
" shall he iirdeied to he held, al or hel'ore tell o'clock of tlio day of sail! 
" meetiuy," iVc, &c. 



Vlll. 



HISTORICAL SKETCI 



" 1 1. Tlii'.t .Mill Tuwii»liiii('liM-k «li., shiill Imvu iluly |.crfonii,,l the Mr. ('. II. I'iiilii'.v wa- Clerk, iiu4 .\liH-.r<. (1. W 

'• iliitii-4 pii'si'iiheil liy liiw, 111 thu .-ali^f.ictiiiii d! tliii C'uuiiril, >li,'iU, ill DniiiiiiiuiKl wit.' AnilituiJ. 

" till' liriiiiiiiiliipii 111 iM.li vi'iir, iiriivi- llic miiii nl' live iimiihU Inr eurli In l-'l'.l llirC'iiiiicil w.n tin- Mine, e\ie|i| lliiil .li 

"'riiwiiHlii|p i'e|ire.Mnli'il in' niie C'liniieillnr, iiml .■<i\ |Kpniiil.i lur emli iiiiil l-,iiir IIimh n iiiul .)iiiiie< !Siveri„'lil, of (ilcnin'-ie 

" Tnwn^lii|p ivpre-enli'il liv'tw.i ('..iinpillciis, fin' liiit U'liiiiile, by WuiTuiil nl' tin' Ki'niieineii i'i'|p|'>-ieiiliii|,- llipp-e T.pwiHlii|i- the 

"ipf the Wiiiiliii, M|pppii the 'I'leiiHiirLM', " In l-^riii, iiiiplerllie new ipi'pIit ipf I'lPiiiitii'^ ( 'ppim 

'I'lip- -l^ile .pT ihe hinhwiiy^ in.iy he lmiixinL'.l I'i'.iiii the fui't tlint u ppf I'lirli.ini.nl ..t the |pu'vipiii^ .-.— i..n, the (J,miii 

"Sui'vejppr III' Kppiul.-i " Mii-i ii|p|pipiiileil ill iie.irly every T,ivvii.i|ii|p. TliP' tiiii", a" .-lioH n l>y the riill.piviiif,' evlr.ul liipiii the 

fulliiwiii),' wi'ie till' aii|piiiiilnieiit« iniiile in that Lunneetinn ; - iiolieeil lli.il tin' name " IJ,illippii-ie," a|p|p|ieil In (hep 

IJIemeiil- liniplley, (i|paiue.«li'r. ihan^i'pl t.i Ciril'm, wliieli ilip' eniinly pilill retain^. 

Ste|p|n'ii l;iiriill,'Maillppii'ip'. "On .M'Uiplay, the :!'^lh .lann.iry, l-^.'!!!, in ap:p'p) 

Daviil Map'l.irun, Tppilioltuii anil March, vi-iipii* nf the .Vet, I'.'lli Vip-. eap. ■>!, llip' fpillpiwiii 

Jaine.s Liial.-ay, NphIIi llipwcr. I'ein aiPipeinlp'p' Iteeves within the Cimnty ul' C'ailel 

John .Mplliiiily, lip. iiliipiiini anil Hnntli-y. CpjiiiI limiM', IIvIpphii 



IIppii. Ilainiiell riiihey, Mai'di, 
•liphn I'i'iee, Mai'lliin'pp'. 
Ileiiiy ,1. Ki'iel, / 
( 'hurle.i S|pai'i'ppw, ji Ipyluwii, 
HpiIiitI CriiiK, NiPilh (ippwer. 
■Ipplin-tppii v.. Kp-ntppii, Jlnntley. 
'riipptiia^ (•puliinil, Itpiiillpppnin. 

.lames .Sivel'ljjht, (illiUre.ster. 

Ai'llinr Allen, 0.<^ni'ih'. 
.Ian. I- Sli'iiie, Kit/^rppy. 

Davi.l .M.lP'l.llell, TppI'IpppIIppII. 

l''ie,leiip'k lii-annuii, Ni-ipeaii. 
The IIpiii. II. l'iiihi'y,.\Vai'.len pit tlip' l.it.' Di^rip; 
nieinlpp'r.i t'p ipipIp'I' ; n'mimlin,; llii'in lii il it vv,i~ his i 



Jppiin Itipliei'tspin, Nu]pe.iii. 
.TppIiii Keniip'iiy, Osgppuple. 
JaiiivH Hpphi', (''il/ripy. 
The lullpiwinj; '' SnpiTintenplL'nts ipf Uipaiis" were alspi aiPiPipintepl. 

Wiial their ilnlies weie — wheiein lliuy pliMeip-il h-ppiii tlipp.ip' ipf the ■' .'^ui | 
vcyipr.-i,'' ppi- why they slumlil he iui|uii'Lil in .sipiue TuwiiMhip.-i aial iippt in 
ipthfi'H, ilipi'p* uppt a|p|peur : — 

Kpiii (.).suijuDi':,- DiinaUl Oaiiieruii, Peter iVfeLartiti anil Ale.\aii<lt'i 
McDaiL'U. 

KiJii Ndiuh (iiiWKii. — Oilberl Tlinm-un, Jamei Wallace ami Daviil 

McEwen. ' 

l''pp|i .Maui.iiipui)'. — Ja.'i. Unnitt, Win. McCulleii ami TliiPiniis Muiirt'. \ 

l'"iiu Iji.iii'cKsi'iiu,— i;iemuiit< Uiailley, Hii-ptavn-i CleineiiH uml i 

Ucrimni lialilmri. | 

.M..ny Pit ihe memhers pumiKisiii;; lliis lirst (.'nnncil wore iiioii of | they sIipmiM .-eh'ct a Cppiinly U'aiplen. 

sii|ipTii)i' pailM aiipl niiii.-.ual aliililies. .Still we Iiml iiiiich ppf the tiiiiu i ".Mr. .\lleii innvp's, f.p'p',pnplupMpy .Mi. Ilearnian, 

lieVDii'pl tp) useless iUsensf«iiin uti liivpilmu snlijeLl.s. To illiistiaic : See- ' I'iiiliey lie a|pipppinti!il W'.ii'ph'ii ul this Cuiuicil." — Cui 

tiuii ;)li iif the minuti'H nails : - ■ ' The natii .pf pilliie was then taki'ii. 

".Mr. Ilakei' niipves, puisuant tpi mitiee— seeipinlepl liy .Mr. I'inlicy— i ".Mr. lie.iriiian imn'ei, see,. n, lei h\ .Mr. Pip 

" thai Ihe Waiph'n pIip ipiplp'r u epiiniupin Seal Ipi Ipp' maple l.pr llie ii-e uf | IIiuiuiP'll I'iiiliey I'o a|ipppiiite(| Chik." I'.irrip-il nn. 

"the I'pinneil— an lin|pp'iiai ('ippwn — lieiieath il a wlieat >hp'af ami a ' ".Mr. lie.iiinan iiim-es, -i'i-'piiiIppI Ipy .Mr. Pi 

"(ciili ^ limlier, aiipl in the arch tlii' wppipIs, " Ui.srnlp'Tiif IJ.n.iiof.siK."' ' O'l'ppiimM', K.p|., Ip.p a|i|iipinle 1 Tre.Hiirei." -( '.irrie I 

":U. .Mr. Piiihey inipvp.s, wp'niiple,! hy .Mr. I'lPice, an I ppnleripl ;— ■ Tlip' ilp'el.iialippii ppf pilli e was iliily a.lniiiiistereil. 

•' rll.lt Ihe e.vpense pif the |il'pp|ippsepl Seill sllill! imt e.\p;eepl live p|ppilars. " On ihe sp'.'.piipI .|,iy ppf tlie ses-ippll tile fpilhnvi'.^' |i: 

Tlip'ii al a siilpsi'iiiieiil nip'elin^ iif thi^ sanip' sessi.pn, .Mr. lipiker niws •■ .Mr. Iappu hanpleil in lii.i pcrtilipMtii of eluctiii 

notice " Tlipil ho will to-nipirrp.pw nipive hir a reeipiisiilp'ralinn I'i the j lliphmppml, which was lylepl." 

'■ es|peiise of ihe ,Seal of 'his L'piuiii'il." i Tiiii was llip: lir.-t a|piii'.iiam'e pif a re|iresuntutivi 

U:i the I'pinrtli play— the " |p>-nippri'ppw " alippve nipMilippiiepl — Mr. Piiiluy p.ililv in llie Jppiinty (.'.piineil. 

with a vip-w, ap|piirently, of sliiituii^' pp|f llie wash' of vpihiahle time in , In li'il the W.iiili-n eallp'.l ,i spp'ci il im'elipi,' pif tl 

ili.s,;ns,in;^ Irivi.il iii,iltp'r.s, "yiies npilii:e ih.il iio will m.pvp' Li-niiPi'iow, 1 :!lsl .laiiiiary, " f ir the purp'ise ppf l.ikiii;{ iiiiii cpiii 

"tli.it mi new mallor lie lii'oiifjht liofoiu this Upimicil plnrin^' the present ' p'p"p|iii,'s at the (.'.iiinly me. 'tin,' resp,- :iiii,' the I 

scisippii." Iliilw.iy." .N'pi ^'I'lp.it inteiesi sei'iiis 1,1 h.ive lip.,.n m 

The iiiolion »•.!!< lii'piii^ht in ami lout; thuti;,'li the nipticeof it lia.l tln' pli'ri.ikin;,'. at this jiin-tiire, lipwevi'i-, as .puly live m.' 

file t of causiii;,' the wiihilrawal of the " Si'al " implippii. , call. .\l an ailjoiune 1 mep'iin^ ei:;lii nii'inli 'rs wp'i-e 

N.'t.spp, lipi.iover, with the siilijp'ei of re-pp|«'niiig tin' matter of cliini,'- lo I'lrni n piu.iriini ; ami a liy-law w.is introplnceil ii 

in^ a,'pppiiitin.nli, in we liiipl tliat iiller .some ihseiissioM, ppii the lifth reiipliiiL,-, l.p snl.„'ribe X\:^,{\\h\ of sippik in llip' pr'pppj.i 

ilay, isaai .Vic I'aj^iarl Jiy I'oiinciljaml ,Siimiii Kr.ner (liy Waipl.'ii,, were .-M a aiih-.' pn-nl nip'.'liiiL; lioM iieM play , alteiiph 

cU.i-eii .Vii.luors in llie place of ilio-e pi'evipiiHly cluisen, without iiiiy Mr. l-'.ul.'y, win mir p.liic.-.l the liy-l,i.v, willi.l 

reason liein„' a—i^Meil Ipir the cnanj,'e. | eaiise i- mil siiii'pl in the minutes, an, I [lie l.'onnc 

Uii'ler tiie tlip' heal of apppiinlinenls, in coniieclion willi lii;;hways, ! h.ivinu accoinpli-hepl iinylhin^'. 

but suli-eipieiiiiy to the .pilip-fs, .Vii'lrew .Main uimI Uicliiir.l .Sparks were \ I'lie re,^'iiiai' inecliii„' of tli,' m'wly elected C.innc 

e.inlii'ini' I iii their miiiiiii.ili.pii as " .Sniveyori -pf .str^'eis" ni iiiul lor ! we.'k -uhsp-ipiently, an. I \\,i- ,■.. mppp-p.pl ppf ; 

the ilivi-ippiisppl l.pwp-r liytipwn .iiipl Upper tiup.vn le-pe .'lively. I .Vlexa.pler Wpprkin.iii, UepM', i;y|pi»'ii. 

Al tills sessi.pii wa- alpio pa"p-,l a Uy-l.iw to a-v-s v. .4 lamls, nppar- Kichaipl W. .Scott, I'epuly-lteeve, Uytown. 
fiiilly for the lii'.st time; ami ti meniurial a.tpliess w.is votcil to the 
ipovornor-Ueiienil, praying that lo tlupse actual bp-tilois, who were' behiml 
in till il p.iyineiils on i 'ippwii lunl Olerj,'y Ke-eive lamls, niPire time .sIiouIpI 
heallppwe.l 1,1 mcp'l >ai.i payments. 
Seclion ipii ppf the miliiltp's hiipU : - 

■• -Ml. I'inhoy iiippves, secpimlep] by Mr. .Smyth, that X'.'pOII be ajipro- 
" jpri.itepl to tile .Vtlministratioii of Justice." 

.Salaries wore UmpI lor the munici|ial ollicers of the District as 
follows ; — 

Ui.stiict .Surveyor i'lUO 

District Clerk 70 

Aii'lit Ts each) 10 

Mes-en-er 1 Ills. 

(Jlerk of the Peace Ills. 

Tile Di-irict Clerk also hail some " Casual .Vlvaiitayes. " Itesolutiou 

No. 101 leapls; - 

" .Mpiv.pI liy .Mr. I'ialiey, seciniileil by Mr. ( ir.iiil, ami p.rpl.Teil : That .ibppvi — e.vcepl that Win. !■'. P,pu,.|l succeplepl .Mr 

"the Clerk ppI llii- I'piiincil shall be eiilitleil l.p pleinan.l ami rep'eive for Ui'eve for liMipwn, .iml .Mr. .Maclaien, ppf Tpirlpipll.ni, 

"any siareh niaile at the apiplieation ppf any impiirer except (.'ppiincillpprs (Irieison - vihicli lattir ;.pentleinan, as well as .M 

" or ,liisiii es ,.f the Peace, lliP' siiin of one -liilhno .hipI ihrep' |ieiice." (Ippwer, were v.pte.l incppiupp-tent to ip-t.iin llip'ir s.-ats 

The se.sipin was pr.ilppiij^e.l lYom .Mppml.iy m.irnin^; till .Salur.l.iy ni.Ljht; alities in their certilip.-ates ipf elei-tiipii slmnhl be cpiri 

uml bein^' a r.iiher e.xtiap'iiliiiary om- in soiie' ip'-pp-.-ls, as well as ilic This year, as in the pre\'ipnis pme, tln-r.' were 

lir.n evp-r lielil in the lli-trict, we have plel.iib;i| the |pI'ppi eep|iii,i;s ni.pre re^'illar sessi.Pli was liehl .May :ir,l. .V spi.^.i^l se- 

I'lilly than We otherwise shonlil. II— as statcpl in the IoIIppwih),' resiplii- .lime :!llth. The cause thereof is not stale.l, ami fro 

lion" iwliich we have no ii'iison fpi ilpiiibi) -the Waipleii pr. 'vepl his naliire of the business nansacteil, it isplillicull Ipp su 

jpiiliem p' iluring Ihal lime, the e.\iiression im[ilieil liy the saiil vote was have been callepi at nil. 

cii'lainlv will merilpsl : In I'-.'ilt, tin' I 'p.iimil assp'mblepl .laniiary iiUli. 

'• liio. .Mpiv.p1 by .Mr. Pinliey, seeomlepl by .Mr. linker. That the contp'st eiisnel ppver the Wanlensliifi. Hppii. .Mr. P; 

" thanks of this C'.nincil are juslly ilm- to the Honourable War.leii Ibr ppiscpf by .Mr. Lypin, ami secppiuleil by ."Mr. .Vlleii -b 

"..... his patip'uce ami iinparlialily iluiiii^ Ihe lial membp-rs. The in.ijpprily seem Ipp h.ivp' f.iv.ii'p'. 

session. — C.irriepl 'tn'iiiiiti'nishj." . li'iii, however ; ami ppti impiipin ppf iVter Tlippiiips. 

Curiously eiipipi^h tlii'ie is notliiiio to show wlipi iictepi as Clerk of the (llinicestiM'/, si'comli'pl by .Mr. Chapm.in, Mr. W. I' 

District Council at lis lirst sessbm. The man, however, was (i. P. on the lollppwiii;,' plivisi.pii -tin T.pwn-hip oflliin 

Haker, the present Postmaslp'r pif the City of Ottawa, ami lie put the sentcpl : 

recoi'pls ill a very p'replitiibb' shape, ami nmlppiibleplly alspi hail (hi: thanks y-'-.o- y'oirp'//-— Messrs. TliPimpson. CIia[nnan, IJrow 

iimplip'pl) ppf the Coumil IliPiir.;!! they fiPi';;iPl l.p express them ,is h,. has ^;p'ois, O'draply, llarl.imi ami .Mi' Kay, If. 

ppf ipiirselvcs an.l all who liavp' Irel pipi'i-ippii l.p p-xainiiie his miiint.'s. /'"*' /'iii/pp;/ - .Mp'ssI--. I.yoii, .Mh'ii, (Jriersoii aii.l 

Ibit one oilip'i session was Ih-IpI pUiiiiii^r thai year, commemin;,' on In I's.'i,') Mr. i'ppwell was re-i'lp-iteil piver Mr. I 

Tuesihiv, Nipvembp'r Mb. Tlie principal business tiaii.saclepl ihereat was to 11, lliiiulp'y being ag.iin iinicpiesentep!, tliroii^'b i 

in coiinectiun willi roails ami biiilj^es. |{p-eve"s ceililip'.ile of ele. lippii — whip'li p-pniijilaint apj 

No furllip'r rp'p'ipipl p ap|iear of llie proceeilinos of the Counoil till ehippiiip' at lliis time against theabovp' inunip ipaliu . 

October, l.'slS. Wi. liiipl lipim the minutes ol that se.s.sion that the During this year iiytown witlipliew fiipin llie \l 

iblluwiiig gentlemen cppinposepl the Council lli.it year :— pif the Cipiinty. ami this was coiiseppip-nllv the las 

The lion. Hainnett Pinhey, Wanleu. , sentepl in ihe ('ppuiity Cpinmil. 

i.'oUNuti.Loun, In I.S.'i.i Hphi. Mr. Pinliey w.i- chosen Waipleii b, 

Hearinaii. .McHiiile. ; among the latlp'r being .Mr, Pinliey himself, wlupgr 

Craig. .Mp'Donell. , ', pippppiienl, .Mr. Ilintppn, iteeve ppf IIppIiiiioiipI.'^ 

t-'ai'ss. .Mel.arcn. , Pinliey .tleclineil the lionor,aml .M.. iliiiipiu w.is el. 

Feiitoii. Pierce. | The manlier of election, as imiicateil bv the miniitp- 

(larlalipl. Sterne. j leresi ; prib.ibly, iil.s.p, nut witlipiut pleceilenl; aii.t c 

lliiitoii, , Sinytli. authority jultllollgli we of the piie.sent time can scii 

Lewis. Wooil. I these things were thus. We quote from the Kecord 



Chester Chapinan, lieeve, Nepeaii. 
.lamp's Sp.iiii, Depiui'llecve, Nejieau. 
\V. I!. U. Dyp.n, U.-evp , Itichmoml. 
Thomas Culaiiil, Ueev,;, I idiilipipiirn. 
11p.1i. Ilaninelt Pinliey, Reeve, .March. 
Jp.liiislppn I-'.. I'Viitin, Ueeve, llnntley. 
Daviil .McL.ii'eii, Ueeve, Torbolton. 

.lames Sleelle, Keeve, pilzrov. 
Al'tliur .Vlli'll, Keeve. Il.sgpppjiie. 
Joliu I.ei', Depnty-lieeve, Osg,i,pp|e. 
.lohii .McKinnun, Keevp', llloucp'ster. 
.IppIhi I'ielie, Reeve, .Maltboipp'. 
Itpiberl Claig, Ueeve, Ni.r.ii ijppwer. 

On inoli if Mr. l''eii!.pn. -pcomle.l by .Mr, 

Pinliey was ag.iiii un.inim.pusiv electeil Warib'n. 

In l-'.-pO. the wil.ple Cplmcil. Wal'.lell illelmlel. 






ICAL SKETCH OF THE 



I'iiilii'V W.I-' (Mcik, mill Mii^-ir-<. H. W. liili'.M- ami Aii.liuw 
■iTi' Aihlitiir-'. 

.•LViciiicil w.w till' Mill.', I'x.i'pl lli.il .IhIhi Mills 111' Kil/iiiy, 
wii aiiil.liiiii.'< SiviTi^lil, "f (il..iir,..|, r, sin,|i|lii4 til.' |i|ai:c!,< 
iii:ii icpii-wnllri;,' llio^i- Tcpwri>|[i|i- lln- pirviou- vmr. 
imlcr tliu lU'W ipnliT nf ('"iiatii'x (.'niiiiiiU, iv:;uLili'4 l>y Ad 
t (il' tlic pivviiiii- M'-Mipii, the Cniiiicil iiiul I'll' llii' lir-t 
ij l.v Ilic r.iU.pwiiiK pvvlr.ul liipiii the iiiiniiti's U will Iih 
lip' h.iiii.' " Oalliuu-ii'," aip|p|ii'p| !■> iIm'pjM Uislrict, wm ijpiw 

llbhin, HJlil^ll till' pppllllty slill 1-laill-. 

ri.lay.tliip :i''lli .lamiary, l"-."!!!, in jiir.jniiiiici' vvilli llii! prpi- 
!• Alt, rjlli Vi.'. ia|i. ""l, llic rpillpiH'in;; ^;iMilli'iiii'ii, liaviiin 
•.■ Ki'uvi'switliiii llic ('iiiinty ul' t'ailLlnn, a-ifiuMiil in llii; 
liylppttii : 

iiiii'lt I'inhi'V, MiiilIl. 
V, Mailliui'ii'. 
Kiifl, / 

|iairipw, ( UvIdhu. 
rai^, Nnrlli (inwiT. 
!■;. Ki'iilipii, Jlniilliy. 
larlaiiil, (lipullippiiin. 
•I'rijjht, lilipuii'»ti'r. 
Ili-n, 0>^ipi<ili'. 
■i-tif, l''il/ripv. 
ilairii, Tipiippillipii. 
jpraniiaii, Np-|pi>ari, 

II. I'iiiliiy, AVar.liMi ipf tin' lat.> Diilriiit Oimiiuil, I'lilluil lli.' 
nirr ; ii'iuiiiJiii;,' iIumii that il »v,is lii< iliily Id pUHilk' until 
uli'ct a Cipiinty W'aiplcn, 

L'n muvi's, sir.PMiluil liy Mr. Hwiniiiiii,— Tliat tin? linn. II. 
|pipinli!il W.ifiliMi 111 tlii^ Dijiinoil."— Carjiuil nnaiilnioiiily, 
if ollii'i* wa-i Ilit-n taki-n. 

■.iiiiiaii niuvi-H, sfiunilivl I'V Mr. Pii'ivi', That I'hiirlm 
la-y Ipo a|>i)piint(-il Cli-ik." -( '.iiTinl inianiniiiii-ly. 
.itMian iniivi's, -I'l-nnili'il liy .Mr. Pirri-t*, -That U.inii-I 
-[., Ill' aippDinti' I TriM-iiiri'r.' -( '.irrii- 1 iinanimiiusly. 
i.itiiin 111 iilli -i' wa.s ilnly a'hnini-itt'ri-'l. 
■inil ilay nt thi- -i-^-i.pn tin* r.plhuv;'.^' [i.ir.iLjr.tnli in'inir'^ ; 
>n haiiilf'l in his ri'rtilir.itn ul' fhictiipii a-i 'I uwn Ut'i'vi.- ul' 
hii'h was lyh'il.'' 

Ill- lir-t appraranri- of a rt'in-oscMitativi' I'rinn that innniri- 
Ji unity (''inneil. 

ic W.iPili'H lalli'la .spi'cial nii'ulipi;,' iif tlii< i>/<n'iiiliicil <in llii' 
', " fur tin; purpipse of l.ikiii;; inlip C'ln-iili'iMtiiPii tin- pru- 
f IJiJiiiily nii'i'iin,' ivspi"'iiii,' tlir llytnH-n ami I'rosfntt 
fii '^vtiAi iuti'ii'^l M-i'ni-i lip havf ln'i-n maiiiff'tinl in tlii' nn- 
this jnnctiiiv, liMivuvi-r, as unlylivf iiirnilirrs answuri'd tin- 
iiljiiiirnii I nn-ilin^ m^'ht miMiih-rs w.Mi.' |iro.iinl — nlliii'iil 
iniiii ; anil a My-law w.is inlro.liiL'i-il anil pa-isc I tliu lirst 
lisi'riliLi i'l.'i.iNiii (if .stiii'k in tin/ pr.ipo.Huil llailmail. 
'pii-nt ini'i'tin;_: liulil iu'\t ilay , alti'iiilnl liy niin* nuMiiln'rs, 
will mil' Ilia.:. -'l I In.- liy-l.i.v, witliilirw it — trnni what 
i.itnl in till' niinuti'^, an>l iIk' t'unnial i Ijuiirnuil withipiit 
iplishi'il anylhiiii;. 

iir niuLtin^' iif Ihi' innvly I'U'nUvl C'lnintil w,n ciUuil aliiMit a 
I'litly, an. I w.i- innipusi'il uf ; 

WuiUm.in, Ui-i-\i-, liytiiwn. 
\'. S.Mll, lii'piily-lti'i.-vc, llytuwn. 
lapnian, l{i'i\i', Nt-pi-an. 
.in, l>i.'pul>-lii-L-v'i', N't'iH-aii. 

Lviiii, ItruVi, lliflnniinil. 
.irl.inil, Itfi'Vi-, (i.Hill.uiirn. 
mill I'mln-y, Uihvi'. llaivh. 
10. l-'i'iit.in, Ul'l-vu, llnniluy. 
L.iri-ii, lU-evi', Tiirlioliuii. 
lau', Kl'i'Vh, I'il/ruv. 

Iill, KfllW. (l,s-,i„,ii;. 

l)i'|inly-l(i;i'Vi.', (),-yoiiilu. 
vinnun, Kei-vi-, i iluiiL-i-stiT. 
i-o, lU'uve, .Mainiiiiip'. 
ai,:;, Uuiivi', N.ir.ii linwur. 

n'lif Mr. Kuntiiii. -i-ojiiilii.l liy Mr. U.uiaiiil, It.ia. .Mr. 
;4ain iinaniiiMiisiy i'lei.ti'tl Warih-n. 

lir wli.ili- t'lHitiLil, WariUni iiK-luili''l, wi'ii- tin* >ann' as 
t th.it Wni. !•'. I'.iwi'll -iiiivi-ilia .Mr. Siutt, as Di'pnly- 
tiiwn, anil .Mr. .Mailaivn, uf Tiirlniltnn. ijavi' piaia* tu.lanus 
icli latti'r ^.'cntlfiiian, as wi'll as .Mr. ('laiL,', uf Nmth 
;iitcil infiiiiipiti.'nt tii ri'tain thi'ir seals unliUcrlain infurni- 
r la-rtilii'alrs {t{ rlt'i-liull slmnUI In- ciilri'ftnl. 

IS in till' [iri'\iiins ma', tln-ri' wi-ii' f.nir sfssinn-. 'rln- 

was lu'lil .May ilr.l. .\ special -I'-Hiuii was ciinv i.'in.'il 

rill' caiisi' thi'i'ojf is iiiit stati'il, aiiil fruni thu aiumint ami 

Imsini'ss transacti'il, il isilillicnll tu surniisL' wliv it shuiilil 
l.'il at all. 

Ill' ('iiniiiil assi'inliU'il ,laiiiiary liltli. (^>uiU' an aiiimati'il 
1 liver till' Wankinshifi. Jlun. .Mr. Piuhcy was a^aiii prn- 

Lyiiii, anil sei'umleil liy Mr. .Vllen — Imtli uhl ami inlhu'ii- 
Tlm lil.ljiirity sei'iii tn li.ivi- lavun-il the syHieni nf riita- 

; anil mi mutimi uf Peter Tliiiiiip>iiii (new nieinlier fur 
lec.inil.'.l hy .Mr. Chainn.in, Mr. W. V. I'liwell w.i- eleiteil 

iii^' ilivisi.in — ih' T.iwn-lii[i uf llnnlley hein^' iinrepre- 

(— Ml'ssiii. Thumpsiin, Cliiipman, liruwii, Oraii.', Lee. limir- 
y, (larlaiiii ami .NleKay, U. 

;( .\li'--rs. I.yuii, .Mien, (iriefsuii ami Steeiie, ■*. 
Ir. I'liwell was re-elei'le.l iiver Mr. liyon, liy a vute uf It) 
lieiii,:; a,;,Min iiinepre. elite'!, tlirmi,'h an iiifurinalily uf the 
ii'.ile uf elei limi -wlmli luniplaiiit appi'.,rs lo have lieemae 
s liiiie a;,'aiiist thealiiive niiiiiiii[ialit\ . 
lis year UyluHii witlnlrew Imm ilie Nliinieipal j,'iiveriiiiieiit 
■, anil this was eun.-ui|iieiilly the last year it was repre- 
t'liiinty ruiimil. 

un. Air. I'iiihey w.is chosuii Wanlcn liy a vute uf ,s In u- 
ler liein^' .Mr. I'inhey liiniself, who ueiiei.illy vuteil fur his 

V. Ililltun, lleeve uf Unliniiilnl. Sniiseiplelltly, Mr. 
leil the liuniir, ami .M.. llililml w.is eleeleil tu the lilpsitiun. 
it elei'tiun, as iii'lieateil liy the niiniites. i, nut wittiniit iii- 
ily, iilsii, nut withuiil pieeeilent; ami eertaiiily nut wilhuiil 
|.hulin|i we 111 the piK'seiit time can scarce iimlerstaml why 
veto tints. We <niule rriini the KtcorUn : 



" The t 'lerk, in the alHiiiici! of any "i"! '" inosiili' at tlie meeting, 
calleil the nii'iiiliers In iiriler. 

" He then iv,i.|ai..iiiiiiiiiii''iiiun fiuiii Hun. II. I'inhey, ili'cliiiiii^ tlie 
iilliee uf rt'.irileli, t.i whi'll he ll.ll lie.'li electeil -at the Klllllo time ti'll- 
iluriiiu III, leHi tliil 111. inks tu the ('unmil. 

"TlleClerklhell ri'iplenteiltlieCulineil tu piiiiei(lluappuinl aWai'.lell 

" .Ml. ( Irier-un niuve.l, sui'iii'leil hy .Mr. i larl.iml, that .l.iines Unliliell 
lie Wanlrii fur the Cuiintv uf Carletuii fur the nirruiit yu.ir. 

•'.Mr. .Ml Kav iniive.l,' iii aniemliimnt, sutumluil liy Mf. McHriile, 
tllllt .loseph llinton he Wlirilell. 

" .Mr. .MeKav cilleil fur the yeas ami iiiiyn. 

" r.'H f-'.inulev, Duw, llinimi, .Mellii.le, .McKay ami Scott -11. 

" A'li./s - Hell, lir.iwn, Harlan. 1,1 irier.imi, llnlilcll .iml Tuiiipkiiis— II. 

"Tlii''ilivi.siun .111 the aiiiemlineiit lieinu e'lnil, Mr. S.'.ilt, the liueve 

uf Nepein (Ih.lt Tuwn.ship IllVlll',' 111.' uie.lte-t n inili 'r uf fleellulilers. 

iiml huiiseliulilers nil the Asscs.Hineiit Hull fur the pa^t year -as ajipuareil 
liy tho cei'tilie.l copy thereor in the Clerk's ullieel, navo lliu i'ii.stiii« votu 
in hiviir i>f the aniemli leiit. 

In IS'iil, .lannarv l."itli, Mr. Ilint.in callcl a -peciiil mi'i'tiii!,' uf the 
ii/i/ I 'unnuil •■ tu lake inl'i emisiileralimi llie ilanueruiis statu of HilliiiKs's 
UriilKe, over the Iti'liiaii." .\s in u furinur oasu of a " special" sesi^iuii of 
nil iild Coniicil, they -.it two il.iys, cunclmleil llie:i. was imtliin;,' fur tlieiii 
to ilii, anil ailjiiurneil. 

The ri'„'iil,'ir mei'ling of the mnviv iilecteil (luiincil wan liehl Jiiniiary 
iSlli. .Mr. Ilinloii w.is re-elucti'i| W'arileii— this time iinnniiiitiH»l[i. 

In I'SiTlie was auain re-electeil. 

In l''"i's .lani'S Itiiiwn, lleeve uf ( iluiicesler, was electeil W'ai'ileii. 
Mr. riiihey hail lluis f.ir eintiiineil l.i act as Clerk frmii the lirst 
appuinlni'iil. The pr.ici'e.liii,'s uf tlie -ever.il se-iiuiis uf llii- year are 
eerlitii'l as fuljiiWH : 

.lanii.iiy -" I '. H. I'inhey, Clerk." 

iliine ••('. II. I'inhev, Acliiiu Clerk." 

Di'ceiiilier -•• U'. II. Walker, Clerk." 

Klilln l-s.-lil to IMII incln-ile, I!. V. Ilreelle, lleeve of .Mll'cll, hi'lil 

thu pusitiuii uf Wanli'ii. 

There Wile live sissiiiiis in Isilu -mie -peci.il, mi .\iiuiist :ilst, to rc- 
ceivn H. It. H. the rriii.e uf Wale- ; ami uiie.Septeinlier IHtli,to receivi! 
ami ileeiile un temlers fur the new jail. 

liilMllllic Ciiiim'il I'l'ceiveil an accession to its mimliers, of one 
a'lilitiunal niemlicr — (iluiicester semlinu a Deputy- lleevi;, fur the lir-t 
time. .Iiiliii Itiilines, lleeve uf llniilley, wa.s eleetuil Wanleii, anil 
I'Mwar.l Jic.irinan iho-eii ('minty Clerk ; .Mr. Walker's services luin^' 
ili-lieiiseil with ilia very iincereinuiii ins manner, liy a iiiuti in uf Mr. 
lii.ihain, -ecuiiile'l Iiy Mr. U.iwnon li.ith of NepeanJ, that he" be lUs- 
inis.el fr.ini the iillice of Clerk of the Curp.ir.itiun uf the Cmiiity of 
C.irluluii." The vute siuuil 7 tu .'i. The cause lilies not appear ; ami 
-traii„'i'ly eii'm'4h, the fulliiwiii),' resulittiou was carrieil immciUMiUj nftcr, 
Ijy a Vole uf 7 tu -1 ; 

" Moveil liy Mr. Neil, s unleil hv Mr. I'.m kliain, lliat this coi'poratiuii 

liavinu seen lit tu ilisnii-n W. II. Walker, K-n., fiuiii the ullieo of Cuuiity 
Clerk, anil tu appoint in lii- place .Mr. K.lw.inl lle.irm.in, jii-lii e ileinainls 
that this C.iuucil sliuiiM place ..n nciil ihe l.icl thai sii.li ili-mis-al lia.s 
resnitcil iruiii iiu fault ur ini-eumliict on Mr. Walker'.s pari- he having 
fur a aeries uf years iliseliar^'eil the ilntie.s appertaiiiiii>; tu hisollice in the 
most alile, faithful ami ellicieiit nianiier, to his uwn cruilit, ami the .satis- 
hictimi uf the cminly- fur which -ervice tlie ('..iiiicil ileem it meet that 
they shmiM heieliy lemler him tin ir iiiusl cm.ii.il ihaiiks : ami that 
a cuiiy uf this re.-iiliitiiiii lie traii-iiiitli il liy the W ar.leii i.. .Mr. Walker." 

I'luni the manner in which .Mr. Walker hail kept the leeunls, at 
least, this triliute appears to lis to liavi- lieeii justly ile.-er\'eil ; ami un 
tile whole we euii-iilcr (fruiii all that can lie ^'leaneil fiuin the ininiites) 
th.it he was Very -h.ilil.ily tiealcil ihe Cuuiiuil iclii-iiiu tu hiiiiur .some 
small liills p.liil tuw.irtls e.\pell-es uf hi.s ollice — -llcll a- Wiiiiil, etc., liy 
yiviii;; hi- peiitiiin the "-if munlh-' hoist." In no way ili-cmiraueif, 
Mr. 'kValkcr was on liaml at (he June Session, ami pelitiuiieil iiuaiii. 
Hi- petilimi wa- referieil tu the l-'inanoe t-'uininiitce, wliu I'aileil to re- 
port on it. He then petiiimnil iyain ; ami il u.is lieci.li'.l lu lake the 
inlvice uf the Ciiniity Silicitur " in ur.Kr lu icniuvi all iluulil- a- to their 
lialiilily," vVe. The .Suiicilur's opinion ilue.s mil .ippear, hut the pelitiun 
Witsa.^ain i.terrcil, ami this time icpurteil anain-t. A ni.itiun was then 
inlruiinecil tu aiter the lepurt, ami pay the lull, " as the -iiine hail been 
iliiie tu his pre.lecess.ir in ullice;" which iiiutiun w.i- ilelcitcl ; ami Mr. 
Walker, wliu hail " fur a series uf years ili-charm'il the ilutie- a|i|ieitain- 
iiig tu his ulliee 111 the iiiiist able," laithliil ami ellicieiit manlier, tu his 
own cieilit ainl the sati-faclimi of lliis euunly," was lell lu pay his own 
bills for tw.i year-' lirewo.i.l. ami to riiininare mi the fact thai the pfo- 
verliial iiiL;iatitmle uf lu'iniblica is nut cnllneil lu lU publicans alune, 

111 lsc,,-|, ,l,ili]i Hulnii's, lleeve of Huntley, was eleeleil W aiilen, beiuo 

the an. nil lis eliuiee uf the I'uuneil. This vear I'ltzrov returneil its lir.st 

Depiily-lic.ve lu ihe Council. 

In I--!;!; ,.Mr. Ci.waii, of Xurlli lluwer, lilleil the War.leii's cli.iir. 

In I'-Im, -Mr. Ilulnies was ayaiii chuseii to ihepu-iiimi ; an.l was the 
iiaiiiMiiiu".( eliuiee, fur the seciiiul lime in Im;\ 

The Tiiwnsliip uf Hunlley sent itslirsl Deputy-lieeve tu the I'uuneil 
ill 1m;>, ami New Kilinluirijh, liavinu been lately inuurpurateil, lelurueJ 
a lleeve. 

Ira .Muiyaii, of Osjjomle, lilleil the Wai'.len's chair funii I^H'.! to l.'-75, 
incln-ive, beinu cliu-eii several times tlnrino that pcriml by uiianiiuous 

Vote of the Culincil. 

I iiiriiii; his War.leiiship the I'uuneil receiveil the accession uf two 
Iiicmbers tu its number, viz : a secuml Uepnty-Reeve from Nejiean, in 
lb7I, ami a secuml frmii (Iluiicester, in l.s"'"'. 

There w ei'u alsii some changes in the otticial li-t, Mr. liearman the 
Clerk, ilie.l in I'siill, ami al the .Iiiiie se-siun William C..H an wa- apjioint- 
c.l ill his -lea I, al a s.il.iry ul .•<HH, it ha in;,' been lixcl al SJ iii s.nne 
year- pri'\iuu»ly. .\mitlier eliaiine tuuk place in .liiiie, l!S7L', by the 
retirement ^li .Mr. Wil-mi, Tieasnrei', tu accept the posit imi of Colleetor 
of Ciisiiims fur (lliawa. .Mr. Cowan, the Clerk, was ailvanewl to hi.s 
place, which he still hu|,|s: ami Charles McNali, the pre-eiit incumbent, 
w.i-.ippuinie.l lu ihe I'leik-hip. /is in a |iri \iiiiis insl.iiicc, with rexanl 
1.1 the Tiea.sniership, the C.iuneil a.lverti-eil Im- temlers fur the Cl.rk- 
slii[i. .V larue niimlii'r of applicants lemleieil, ihe amunnts ranginy 
froniSi7iiililiiwn to SUKi. The snccessfnl camliilule temlereil lor the 

; yearly -alary of S'-'un. 

I In l''7ii, .Mr. Ciimminus, lleeve of (Jloucester, was Wanlen. Thi.s 

year Ne|.i'aii sent her Ihinl Hepuly lleeve tu the Council, ami in lv77 
Cliiiici'siei also sent a Ihinl, ami North (lower her lirst. This niiule 
ihe Miuni'i|ial Cunncil number iHenly-fmir nicmbcrs, of whom Thomas 
Clarke, lleeve uf ^ilepeau, was elecliil Waiileu— a pu-itiun he .still 
retains, by unanimous re-election in lh7.S. 



^:^ 



COUNTY OF CARLETON.- 



Tile r.p|li>wiiiK li»t 111' llii' iiniiiiri|«il ipHIiitb .if \\w. niliior muiiii'i|iiili- 
tic" riiiii|>ii'<i'il ill lliii <'cMiiily 111' Ciiilctnii, with tliiir \w\A otllci' lulilri'*", 
will 111' iiM liil fnr ri'iiilv ii'ti Ti'iiic. 



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IIl'xti.ky 

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M uu.iiiilto' . . . 



.\ lull list ill' till' iHTsi-iit Cimiuil. witli :ill lliu nllkiiils iijiiiiiiiiti- 1 
tliii-.liy, will 111- r.uiml l.di.w. 

MlXli IPAI.nV. NAMi:. HANK. POST DKKlrH. 

liii iiMuxn Di. Ileal ty |{.-.v. Kirhiiiniiil. 

Nkw EiuMuiKii' J. Hlmi'Ii T-uii. . . .lliiiSc New K'liiiliorii'. 

i \. l'"ra/ii' Uii-vi' Kiiiliuni. 

( C'l.arlL-Mulir D.'iiulvilu MiIm'sC'hiii.ts. 

i \\. H. Hiir.liiiiiii, Ui'i-v.' Oilawa, 

1 Jaiiii-S|ii;iu Di'imtv il.i.... Killing's' lli-i.l^; . 

1 V. u'Ciiiiiur il.l .1,1. 

( II. Xl.iniii il Hiiwlh.iriii'. 

) Ntil St.'w.irl Itil-VC .AslllnM. 

) .Iillm Kcnip Di'imty iIii....Hii/i'I.Ii':im. 

( K. .Vniistniiii,' Ili'cvV (':ii]i. 

( .luliii .M.iiji.,11 l).'|iiilv an...\V. HuiitU'V. 

...11. V. liivL'n....K.'iM' Miinli. 

. ..Iiihii I'iiTri' Iti'ivi' N.liuwcr. 

i Tlioiiiiis (.'lark*'. . . Uct-vi- Ottawa. 

, . , ^ 1 T. (J. .\ii.liisiin. .l)i'|iulv .in..,.l!,-ll~ Ciuin'r.'. 

■^^■'^■■^•'' ).l, Tliuiupsim.... ilo Otiaiva. 

(.luliii Chrivtiaii... .111. .. .H. Maivli. 

.. ,, I .Iiiiiii C'riii;; lii'i'Vi' N. (fnwur. 

^"'"" '■""«" (C. L.I)i,kii,si,i,..l)..|iiity.lii...MuM„ii,k. 

( .\. ,1. liiiki'i- H.-i'Vi- Mi'li air,.. 

(i.siiD.iiK. l U. Cli'laii.l Dipiilv i|ii...\V. Os-i.,.,li.. 

(.1. \Vliiti>iili. .1 .Milialli'. 

TiiiiKni.To.N Janii'- Mills Rri'Vi- Diiuriiliiii. 

Tli..hia- (,'larki', IU'lvi! uI' N'i piMii, Wanldi. 
Tin- .Sttiinliii;,' Ciimiiiitti-rs r.ir the year iir.- : — 
FiU'inr,' -.Vii.ti-imin, Haki-r, l'n..itty, IJiikin-nii, an. I Htai.li-rs.iiK 
I'fiiiiitij /'/ii/nifw -f-'li'laml, Ciait;, (Iri'i'ii, OC.iiiii.ir, an. I 'i'li.iiiipsiin. 
/i'.«i'/.< (III./ llri'I'jiK Al'lii.struli(i, I'liish. iliii, Fi-a-iT, lliliiliiiaii, lunl 
Kfiii|i. 

i'l/iirii/i'iiH — HeiiiliT.sipn, Martin, Miilir, Hlinvail, ami Wliili-iilii. 
/Vi;i/i/ii/ -.\iiili'r.s.iii, .Miiniiiii, .Mills, I'lici., ami .Spi.itl. 
TliL- fuliiiwiii^! ,iri. till' iilliii'i's appi.inlcil liy llic (,'i.rpiiiaiiiiii nf tin- 
(.'i»lllil\ III' 1 'arli't'ili. tt ith tint salurius atlai.'lii'.l In I'arli iiUii'i'. 

(,'liaili/s .M.-N.ili, ilci'k * Till) 

William Cimiin, trwinurur I,(HHI 



Dr. (^Iiiii'ili, jail Hiirm'iili ■ 

Will lain Mrl'^van, i-iistu.liun nl' Onnt't-hiiliMi' 

Wiltiiiiii It. Ill lull, riiiinty mil si III 'ti. 

K. Sp.iiks, r.l,.S., riiiiiily I'li^inccr 

Will. M.is^TiiNi', 11 unity siilii'itiir 

'Mron-s. hi'iiiiii.iii ami ll.iwi'i-, iinilitnrK, tifirh 

Tli'Ti' ai'i' iilsu a iininlii'i' nl' .ippuiiili'il nllii iais in I'uni 
IuhIi all. I piililic si'liiiiijs, \\\u, will he rrti'iTril t.' nii.li'r lli.' 

In ail.lilliiii til till, ali.ivi. s.iluiii's. llic Tri'.i'Uni is alln 
puy an assistant. 

Till- Cusliiiliuii 111' till' C'linrt-liiiiisi' Ik alluwi'il lii'i' li 
iiiiililin^', I'licl, aiiil li^rlltH, 

'I'lii. Ciiiinty KiiKini'i'i' ami (.'nniily Si.liril.ir arc pai.l 
wlmli'vi'r siTviii- pi'iriirnnil. 

Till' ('iiiiiii:illi>rs art' paiil twnilnllars ji< r tlinn (uml Ion c 
I'lir atli'iiilam'c uii I'liiiiily Imsini'ss, wln'tln'i' at ri'^nliir or k; 
III' till' liiiumil, iir upon I'lHiiinilli'i' wiirk. 

Till' Waiili'ii's p.iy il.iis mil ilill'ir I'nim tliiit iil' nllii'i 
cM'i'pt that il is tlh' pr,ii'l|ii' III' till' Ciinnril tii vnli' liini an 
alliiwani'i' in rasrs wlii'ri' an iiniisniil aimiittil iil' vvm-k lia^ I 
III ilnriii^ till' yi'iir. Tlu'si' aniniints liuvi' l>i'i"i as lii;,'li as 
liiw as lj.'iii. Nil until (;i'iiiit lia.s lii'rn iinuk' nnw I'nr ipiilt 
j'unrs. 

As a ;{('ni'i'al tiling liiit (lirci' sessions are lit'lil in tin' 
vi-ar. Wu liavc nit'iitimit'il srviral in.slaiii'cs ulmii' tltr nun 
ini'i'rasi'il liy till' liiililiii« 111 " -|uiials." 'I'ln' ;;ii'.ili-t nun 
lii'M in aiiv niii' yi'ar was in IHTn. 'I'lii' liisi was mi ,\lai 
si'.'iiml .iii'.\iiKiis"t llitli. ill.' Iliii'.l nil Sipi.niliir iltli, am 
Oi'i'dnlirr liitli. iiiakiiii,', witli tlir tliiti' ii'^'iilii' -I'^sinn.s, 
Tlu'V wi'i'i' all in .'iiiini'rlinn with the iii'W I'l'iiit-linu-i' 
I'l'iTti'il, I'Xi'i'jit that 1.1' Si'pti'inliii', which was'callcil tn 
hi'lplcss ciiiiilitiiiii 111 the -nniici's ri'.iin the luti' tciiililc ( 
llic. 'I'lic Ciinm'il viilcl ?<.■., (Hill l..r .li-lril.iili..ii aimni^; 

l.y-law was iiiti..iliii'i"l In I ,.w .><l(Ki,(l(l(l rr..iii tli.- Oiilaii. 

Ill Icml the iinr.irtiiiiatc siill'cicrs liy that Icrrililc calamity 
UK""'! 'hal 111 ili-ciissiiiii at l^s ami siilisei|ii|.nl sc.s.siiiiis, 
was cVer ilniic. 

Wc have iii.w- elani'i'il nvcr thi' wlmlc pcriml nl' the mii 
cncc ill' the ('iiniity iil'Cai'lctnii, L'iviiii,' a liricr-uniiimiy cil'w 
ail liciii;.' Ill' nni.sl intcicsi in tln-ir pii.cccilin,L;s ; ami shiik, 
arc nut .'1' ;;ri':il interest— in nrilei t.i shew' the ihanj^'is 
leeislaiiiiii, mill the 1,111/. /'Ill/ 111' which ('ailcliin'n icpic^i 
was li'iini time tn time cntiipnseil. It may he tliiiii;:ht 1 
ilwelt npiiii.siiine niatteis< iimler ilisciissiim nieiely InHlmtt ii 
111' meiiincrs. Thc-e ilMtaclci i-(ic> iinl'niluii.'it.'ly cvi-i 1* 
lens extuiil ill the wlclc hiimaii I'.iniily. ami Ihiiili.rc, I 
ileliliemtivi'li.iilics, suiiicliincs. We|in.| them picseiil in 1 
iisnem'.l!i'.,'cs 111' I'ar >»realcr prestige than the municipal 
liiiilv III' ('arleliin. The ahnvu recmil slinws the hilte-.' tn li 
Ircc fiiiiii Ihem : tli..ii;;h taken a- a wlmlc, their prniec 
.le.iile.l aliilily, ami iiiiii-nal lar^'c am. unit nl' piactici 

ami le;;is|ative .s:n;acily nil the IKIll 111' Ihe civic 

rmiiily, li.illi in the snlijcct mutter n!' their ilelilieial 
iiianiier in which Ihe piihlic luisiness was cnmlncteil ; a 

lllcll wllii nnw llnlil' .tllil il.Ue llel'l illll'ill;^ the past ipialli 

-the highest pla.'i's in nut lc;^is|,iti\ ,■ ali.l enmnier.ial .mi 
lii'~t entran.'e mi puMic lile I'lmn a seal at Ihe Cniin.il lln 
(.'nnnly Cmim-il. In Hlmrl, it is nut tnn much In Nay that 
Cnuncilhirs 111' this iinlile Cminty are tn lie lunnil many nl 
in ihe hi-lmy nl' the umnitry. 

•niK I'Uili.llK.sS ANIi 1IK» rilll'MKXr lit' 

EDUCATIONAL AND RELIGIOUS INSTI 

t%iituiies 1,1' hist.ny hiive limne witness tn thetiulh 
ciimpleleiiess ami cHi.'iemy III' the I'Miiiiilinnal In.ilituli.n 
must lie lai.l Ihe rniimlaliiui nl that cniiutiy's ,-iic. ess ami 
iiess. We tiii.l ihat e.lncati.iii ami rctim'meni ^'n haicl 

llalinlial pl'ns|ielil\ ami pnWer llnl as Ihe lesllll, liUl a- 1 

that tlinse lialiniis wliiih Inivc ilevntcl tliemsi Uis nm^l 
all excelineiit in the alls ami science^, have arhieicil 
},-reatiic-s aiiinii;^ the ntlicr natimi- nl the eatlli, Jnsi a- 
mie inili\ iilu.il ail ailvanla;.;e nver his ninre iiiicilncalc.l 

thn'l-aml \eals have s.'alie ^llnWII all c.M'eptiiin 111 thi^ 

Li';;i»latiiis seem tn have n .n^iiizeil this innsl impmta 
earliest ilays nf thi- cnniiiry- hisinry. 

That they were heartily sccmnlci'l liy the t;feiil nia.s-cs 
mi I'lirtlier ]iiniit' is waiitinn than tn cniiipaie the ili.scnu 
cluialinii a yeneiatimi a^n, with its present pr..>per.iiis ci 
lii.-t..l\ 111' the ri-e anil |ilii:.;ti's. nl' pnlilic e.lm alimi in 
('arlct.iii, i- its hi-tmy in aliim-t eveiv cniinly nt tin I'm 
acnnlinnal hatlle nt will ami intulhit a^aiii-1 lie- inn.s 
I'ircnmstiHi.es ami ilisiniiia^iiin ilitliciilties, .\n.l when 

us ami see the llia;.'llilicelit Ciilli L;e- aiiil limlitnliniis ..f h; 
ilesiiiplimi, which the penplc nl' Carlctnii have elc li.l I'm 
as llainin;^ -chn.ils l'..r llie tiltiire citizens nl' mit .nuiiliv , \ 
whether innrtt tn .■iilinirc the ciiei;;y ami perseverance w 
i|Uereil a primeval I'liiest ami cniiverleil a trackless ami u 
inlii cultivateil hiriiis ami lerlile lidil.s ami Hii"l''il--- ^ 
a.s the in.se; nr the iinlile ^:i'neriisity ami patrinli-i 
I'DVereil tllii.se lamls-lnil ycstclilay, as it weic, a wililcnn 
■.■viileiices ,il' a ri'liiieil ami culliv.ileil titste ; these train 
niir chihlreii ami niir chililren's chihlren - the future >-iIi. 

natinll : these inseparalile ailjlllnis tna slllte nf lli;;liest 

anil unilniiliteil aii^^urie- nf a nianil'e-t ile-tiiiv ami iiatini 

sialic kmittll tn (fleece nl Itnlne nf a liatlnll W llnse ci 
waters nf llllce n. cilll-, ail.l wlli.-e lircailtll Is (he lireailtll 

The ininiense ilitliciilties nveicmm liy the piiiiicei-s i>i 

the lea-t nf wlli. h were I'liulleited With the entile alisi'll 

1. 11 cilucatinn their cliililieii, are scarcely knnwii In men 
while tn the v.iiim,'cr memtiei's of the 1 ..lumiinity they ai. 
ceivalile. Ilnw well can I'ur a)^e.l citizens rcnn'ml.ci tin 

noellcs nf the " lln.isier Scl Iiiiasler " weie a reality ill 1 

nienlH, widely scallere. I. anil si'piiraleil liy mih'.s nf alnin 
swamp nr luie-t. Ami' fnr niaii\' yeai' after miiihhnrhnn 
In lie Inrmcil liy the eailicrinn tn.Ji'tlier nl a half iln/.i'V < 
within a failiuis nl as nialiv miles, the null pielenic In 
was liy all ijccasinnal settler npeniii^' a cla» iluiiii;^ the w 
which the vuiith nf the si'itliineiil Hero iiislrucled ill tl 



CARLETON— C 



ONTINUF.D. 



1\. 



Kiirtji'iiii ■ ifi'Xi 

1. (MUluiliilll 111' CijiirthoUM! iliKi 

riMlhly inll"lllMli IIIM) 

S., iipiiiilv riiyiiii'ur 

■ Minlv sriliriicpr 

mill iliiwcr, iiiiilitor*, uiich Iini 

.iiiiiliiT III' .ipiuiinti'il iittli i:il" in riiiuHiliHii willi 
■ U. «1m will lie nri'iri"l III Miiilrr llir |iiii|iir Ik'ihI. 
iiliiiVf Niliiiii's. llu' Trrii-mri' ii iillnvM.I HKKIlii 

I' llii' C'liiiii-liiiiHi' i» iilliiwiil Irri' Imu-i' (in llii' 
iK'lils. 

iiifi-r anil I'minlv Snlirilnr an- |iai<l l>v U'ci4 loi- 
lunni'il. 
ii' paiil Iwiiiliillarn ii< r ilinn (uml li'M rriiN niiliM;;!') 

iitty liuiim-^^, wlii'liiiT at ri*(;nlar nr s| iitl su^-iun 

>n riininiiliri- wuik, 

iv il.iis nut ililliT fruni Unit nl' nllhT riinncill.ir-. 
n'.ii-l|i-ti III' llii- I'liuiii'il Id Villi- him a nini]ilinn'nt:ii-v 
lii'i'i' an nnn^nal animuil iif wmK lia- I'lrn alliinli'il 
Tlif-r aniiiinil* liavi- ln-i-ii U' lii;,'Ii a- :?:(iHI, ami a^ 
Ii ^'lant lia-< lirrn niaik' iinw l'i<r ijnitc a nnnila-r' i<l 

!>,' Iml lliii'i' ii's-i 111" lire lii'lil ill llii' iiinr-i' III' ilii- 
iliiini'il -rvi lal inslanic- wIliU' tin' nnniliri' lias lufii 

linK'nt " ,|iirial-, " 'I'll,' ^.fiMli-l MMhilii I' ..r lllu-r 

I wa- in I87II. Till' lirsl \va- im Man li Milli, llii' 

Mil. Ilii' tliii'il iin Si'pli'uilK'i' mil, anil lln' llli ni, 

.iiiLi, Willi Ilii' ilini- ii'^Milai' -I'ssiiiiiH, icviMi in all, 

iinnirliiin willi llii' ni'W t'uuil Imn-i', linn ln'iii;,' 

lit Si|.|i.|iili,.|-, wjiiih «ai'ialli'il III .■.iii-i'liM till' 

llii' -alliii i-s hiini llic lair lillilili' Ollawa Vallr.v 

Mili'il si'i, 1)11(1 liir ilisiiiliiiiiiiii aninii^' lln-ni, ainl a 

I'll III liiiii'ii\v.':<IIKi,IKKII'riini Ilii'Onlariiiliiivcrnnii'iil 

all' -iili'.'ii.iN liy ilial Ivllililf I'alaniilv ; lull licviuiil 

"inn ill ll|is anil -nlisii|iu'nt si'ssimiH, iiutliln^' iinnr 

inii'il iivirtlii' wliiili' iHiriiiil ul' llii' niiinii'i|ial rxi-l- 
I t'arli-liiii, '_'iviii'„' a l»rift ^iiiiiniai> titwlial slunk us 
lrii-1 in lliiir |iriiriiiliii,L;s ; ami -nnin lliiiiL;^ wliicli 
ru'-t- in iinlil III slum tlic rlian^is in iniinii ipal 
ni'ituini III' wliirli ('aili'liin'H trjiir^inlalivi- limly 
liiMi- I'niniiiisi'il. II iiiav 111- lliiiii;.-lil llial hi- liavi- 
tti-i-s niiili'i-ilisrii-siiiii iiu-rt-l\ IiihIiiiu iiirunsisinn-ii-s 
- I liai-aili-ii-lii- nnliiiliinalilv i-\is| in a ^^n-alii- ni 
wliiili- liiMiiaii C.iniily. anil llnii-lnii-, ni-t'i---arily. in 
•-iiiiu-linii-s. \Vi! Jiiiil tlii-ni |iri-si-iil in I'ailjaim-nlan 
]^'l■l■atl•l■ jiii-^M^'L' than tin- niiiiiii-'i[ial i-i-|iii--rnlali\i' 
■('111- aliiivu ri-i-iil-il -liiiHs 111,, lalli-v In In- iml i-iiliii-ly 
i-iii;;!i laki'ii u^ a wlmli-, iju-ir iii-iiiinlin^'s sliuw a 
il iiuusiial lai-^'i- aninnnt nl' piarlii-al ^und >4i-nM- 
[iK-ily nil ihu pai-l III' till- livii- inli-i-s ul' lln- 
lii- siilijiri iiialli-r n! iliiii- ili'lilii-ialiniis anil lln- 
n- imlilii luisiiiisi. Hii< iniiiliiiicil ; ami vi-n naiiv 

- ami iia\i- In-l-l iliirin^' lln- pas! ipiatli-r nt a i-t-iilni \ 
' in niii' li-^'is|ali\'i- ami i-iiinim-i-rial annals, ilatt- llit-ir 
lilii- lil'u I'l'iilii a si-al al lln- I 'nlinril ISnal'il nl I '.irliilnii 
n sliml, il is lint tun luiii-li |ii (ia\ llial aniniii^ tin- 1-\- 
iinlili- Ciiiinly ui-i- III la- I'linncl iiianj nt tliu lirst nun 
i; cniiiili-y. 

K I'liiii.iiUss ANii iii:v Ki.(ii'Mi:N-r iif 

Uj and religious institutions. 

Iniy llavi- liiilin- wilni-s In llnliiilli lli.il iipnii llii- 
lliiii-mynr lln- l-Minaliniial Instiiiiiinn- it a i nimtiy 
imlalinii 111' thai inunliy's sinn-ss aii-l ii,ilinnal ^umI- 
It t-ilncatinii ami ri-tiiK-iiu-nt '^n liaiul in liaml with 
ami pnwi-i- mil as tin- u-siili, liiii a- tin- raiisi-— ami 
vvhirli liavi- ilcvniisl IhiinviUi, imisl a-siilmui-ly In 
II- alls anil srii-nn-, havi- ailiii-\i-ii I'm llnin^i'lvi 
a- nllii'i- nalinii- lit till- larlli, Jiisi a^ liaininn ;;i\u- 
ailvaiila^i- nvi-r his iiim-u uiirilin-ali-i) dllinvs, six 
-(' sran-i- slniwn an i-xi-i-ptimi In lliis iiih-, and niii- 

I have- iiiii^nizi-il lliis innsl iinpinlant I'ai-I in tin- 
iniiiiiiy '- hi-liii-y. 

Inallily sirnmhil hy tin- "fi-al liia»-i-~ nl' niii- pi .inli-, 
WiUiIiiin than In cninpaii- tin- ilisinin-a^iii^ .slati- nl' 
inn a;^!!, with its piisi-nt in-n^piTiniH i-iiniliiinn. Tln- 
aml pln^iis- 111' pulilii- nilmaliiili in lln- Cminly nf 
ny in allim-l i-vcn rniinly nt lln rrnvim i-. Il h.i- 
>l will alnl intullirl a^-ain^l lln- limsl niipMpilinu. 
ilisiiiiiia^iiiin ililliiullii s, Ami «ln-n \m- Innk ahniil 
liliri-iil ('iillri;i- anil Inntitntiniis nl' h.iniiii;; nl'i-vi-rj 
In- in-iipli-iirCarK-liiii liavi-i-ri-i lul I'nithi-ir i-hililn-ii. 
fill- lln- lulni-i- rili/ins nl' inir rniintiy, \vi- ,iii- al a In— 
liiiin- till- 1111 r;;y ami pii-scviianru whirh has mn- 
nii-.st anil rniivi-rli-il a liarkh-ss anil imliinki-n wa^ti- 
ins ami li-ilih- lii-lils ami naiili-n.>, wlii.li lilnssimi 
Ihi- iiiilih' f.'1-in/riisily ami paliinli-ni whii h lia~ 
—Iml vi-sii-rilay, as it wi-w, a wilili-nn-.-s wiih lln-s.- 
ii-il ami rnllivati-il tastu ; tln-i-i- tl-ailiiiit;--rliiiiils Im 
n- I'hililii-n's rhiiili-i-ii lln- fnliin- riiiziiis nt a ^;ri-ai 
aralili- ailjnn. 1» In a slali- nl hi-hi-st i-nli;^hti-nimiil, 
iiiii-s III' a nianil'iist ik'-linv ami natinnal ^r,iniliMii- 
:i-e«- III Kiiiin- -ul' a iialimi wlmsi- umliins an- ihi- 
lis, ami wlinsL- lii-L-ailih is tin- liriiulili nf iwn zmn-s. 
Ilii-nllii-s nvi-Kiiim hy lln- pimn-ur- nf ('arlilmi iinl 
,\i-ri- i-n!iiii-iii-(l wiih ihi, uniin- alisi'iin- nl' I'ai iliiii-, 
thililnn, an- >i-au-i-ly kmiwn in nn-ii nf miililli- aijo, 
■1- llii!inhei-s lit Ihu rnliiniiinily Ihi-yan- aliiinsl imnii- 

II ran nm- a;4t'il riti/.i-lis n-nnanlii-r lln- -lays wln-ii llir 
isii-r Sohnnliiiasli-r" wi-n- .i naliiy in ih, liiili- ,i-llli-- 

--ri-i|. anil si-parali'l hy inih-s nf al si inipi-mlr.ilili- 

iVml'Ini- iiianv year- al'ti-r m i,'lilinrliniHl- i-ii'innnin-i,,! 

- nailn-iinn in^/i'tlni- nt a hall' ilnzi-y m- su nf st-ithia 
IS nian\ iiiilos, tin- nnly pii'inmi- In si-huul-li-acliin^ 
lI -si-tlli'V npi-nin^' a i-las> ilui inn lln- wiiitur si-asuii, a 

tin- suuh-nn-nl wcio iiistiui-lcil in tin.- " tlii-ui- lis.' 



riiiii'i- liappy Will' llin-i- wlm wi-n-, in lli.il il.iv, siilliiii'iilly ailvnni'oil In 
tuki- h'ssiiiis in lln' N'i'W Ti--laiiiinl, whii h, uilli an ni'i-animial " 1-aiKlish 

lll-llill'l-, " InlllU'il ihi' ■in„,inilll l,„i,ili:i nf lllI' alllhil ilillH sl m ll'lll. Il Is a 

ii'iiiaikahh' tail lliat iii,tiiy nl inii- alih-l iniii iililaiin-il tlii-ir wlinir slm-k 

nf " I milk klln»h-ili;r" lim|i-l' lill lllllstillll-i s slli |i ,|H I hi' iilluvi' pl'l I'm III- 

iiin in ailililimi, in many '-asiH, nini'i- niannal laliniir than tin.- yniiiif^ iiirii 
nl lln pn-siiit ilay .m suppn-iil mpahli' nf ciiilniiii},', ami pniim.( nvi i 
lln-il inilrh-iiiM'tcil liiinks hy lln' li;;hl lit Hie li,n k-li>}< nil lln- Inallll, till 
llic Hill. ill hmii's riTiilhil lln- ih-niaiuls nt I'xhaii-tnl iialiMi'. 

.\.s ahnvi- iiiliiiial(-il, Ihi- la-Ki'lalnni i-arly i-i-innnizi'il ilm n'linii'i'- 
nii'iits nf MH'li-ly III lln- illn-i'limi nt iilmaliniial I'm ililli-s, ami wi-nl In 
wmk ill a iiiiisl palrinlir ami i'iilri|)ii-inn ripiril In nii'ittlit- I'xisliii^ ilit- 
lii iillii-s as lii--l lhi-> t'liiilil. I'li'vi'iiis 1,1 nrahiiiil lln- linn- nf lln: lirst 
pi-i'iiiaiinil si-llliiim-nl nf (Jaih-lmi Cminlx, lln- liisl riiiniiimi Srlmnl Art 
was passi'il in IMII. ('uiiipiin-il In lln- pn-«riit sysli-m, llial iiianyiiialiil 
liy lln- ahnvi- Ail was i-\tniiii-ly itmli > yi-l it was tin- lii-j^iiinin^,' nf an 
i-ra nl inipinM-'iii'iit wliirli lias rmislaiilly la-i-ii iinih-rnninn aim-mlnii-nt 
lill il has 111 , nine niii. nf ilii' innsI ilahmali' .y-liins nf iliu rminiiy's in- 
liinal nl' piililiial ii nmniiy. 'riimi^;li passi'il lu'lmi' lln- lirsl siiiliiiii'iil 
nf ('.'iili'lnii, lill' ahnvc .\rt wius piarliially in i-ll'i-i-t niilil ( 'arh-liin In-i-aiiiu 
ipiiti- a pnpnlnii- liiiilnry ; ami iinih-i il llm lii-sl -i hnnls hail lln-ii- i-xi't- 
i-iii'i- ami •ally ih'\r!npiiii'iil. It pnAiilnl hn lln- I'lii'limi nf Si-liuul 
Trii-li'is ill laili Tnwiiship, wlm-i' iliilir- wi'ii' nl a ni'in'tal iiatiiii', ami 
I'niiiprisi-il nin-1 nl" llin-i- imw pi-iimiin-il hy all lln- vaiiniirt iit!lrii-H inii- 
inili-il with lln- i)i-parliin-iil nf l-Mm-alimi, li-niii lln- Ministi-r nf Kiliicu 
liuii iliiHii In lill' InwiHl ifriili- of -I'linnl ii|lii-ia|s, an wi-ll as nlliiis imw 
lii-lmi:.iin;; In iiiniii' i|i,il nHinr-, l-'naii lli,- naliiii' nf lliiii;,'s, Ihi- .\rt 
Wii'S M'l'\ imlitl'i II titly riiinpii, il w illi ; ami lln' nniiil hy whlili it was iii'- 
rnmpanii'il. aii-l rnntinnr<l In l-r -tipph'iai-nlril fi >iii liini' In litni' hy siih- 
-t-ipn-nt K'-nnts, wasxpi'iit- as lln- ntlifi'i" al-u cniiliiiinil in In- uiliimil 
sysiniii, ami tu rniiiiiai'alivi-ly- lilth- ailvanlanti, 

Il w.l- linl Till lln- pas-.i;ii' nl llmi. S. li. Ilalli-nii'- hill nf I--II ami 
Sir l-'iami- Iliinks' .iiminlnnnl ihcnln in 1-- 1;), lliat ilm .Sihnnl Sysimn 
nf I'aiiaila In i;aii t.. Inai- iiiin-h liiiil. liy lln- fm-nn-i- Art, an annual 
niant III |i-.>(KMMHi ua.s iiiaih- In tin- vaiimiii iiiiiiilli's uf llm I'li^im-i-, lu 
hi' iliviih-'l ai'. inilin;; In lln- avrra^i' .«i-Aiiii/ ll^■^ln/llll^■■ w ilhiii 'in- salil 
i-minlii--., rrMi///i"ii(iiW "/i">l //ins,' iiiu,i/i'i.< cn/.s/iii/ a liL' tiininnil fm .iiHI- 

i/i(i- /i"i'/iii.'<. Tills la-l i-laiisi, hail an i-\ln- ly hi-iu'liiial t-ll'i-rl mi 

many Im ilitii-, in lln- way nf siiiniilalinn ihi'in In nxi'itiniis mi hi'lialfnf 
schniil -upt-ni'l, whirh Ilii-y Wiiiilil nut nllnrwiM- liavt- hi-i-ii til In iimli-i'' 
laku. 

liy Sii' Fiani is Iliinks' hill ilir sy,|,'m nf iliviilin;; Tuwiiships inln 
-i-lniiil si-rtimis, Wiis iiiiliali'il, aii'l vaiimis niliii' iinpnivt'ini'iits wi'ir 
iiiaili' llni'i'liy, whirli rniiliiiiii' aiiimi;.' tin' hi'sl fialnn's nf nui' pn'ni'iil 
ailniiiahh si-hnnl s\ -U'ln. 

linl till' mil' man In winiiii iiinri' lliaii nil ulliti's I'uiiihiiii'il, Oaiiaila 
ami I'-pi'i'iallv Onlaiin is iiiilt'hti'il I'm- what is iiiliiiittcil hy wi-ll i|iinlilii-il 
ami impaitial jinl^;!-- In In- aiiiinn,' Im- lim-l cilni-alimial sy^li nis in tin- 
wnrM, IS Ihr lii'V. 111-. K^^iiliin liyir-mi. Thi- ni'ntl(.ii,aii rana- nf 1'. 
K. liny.ili-t ihs, lilt, ami i-\piiii'mii| what all lln- I'imn-i-r-s nl Canaila 
wi-n- nhli;4i-il In, ill lln- way nf till- ilillii nllii's 111 nhlainiiij,' islinalinn. A 
siill'-inaili- man. Ilia -iini'ii- ili'Vuiinii In lIii' I'.insi' nf i-ilm-alinn, I'niiph'il 
Willi Ihi' ailvanla;;!'- nf his laily I'Xpi'rii-lii-i-, all i-ln-l-gy ami ih-li-llninil- 

limi wliirh m-vi-r n-laxiil lill II liji'il < hn wlii -h In- sinn-i- «i-ii- aiinin- 

]i|islii'.l. ami a |iliy-i''al rnnsiiiiiiinn whi, h im aiiiniiui nf tuil nr t-xi'ilinii 
ciiiilil inmiinr ill' I'yi'i-nii wa- wiilmiil ilmihi ihr hr-l litti'.l man in 
all t'.inaila In ihal will'i the ilillii'iilt pinhhiii nf pnlilii' • ilin ilim,, ,i- lie 
hiiiml il ill I'-ll, nil his appniiilimnl in ilm nlliii'nf As-nisianl Sii|.iriii- 
li'iiihnt 111 Kilmaliiiii. lln was ill rnilii'i Ihi- ' 7ii'i;(' Sii|H-riiili'mirnl, al- 
ii ;,'li lln- I'nivimial Si-mlai'v h.hl lliat tilh' ..■-i.//r'i in. lie iniii- 

ini'iiii'il his wnrk hy making; -in h minni' ehan^i-s as his expeinnn- sii^-- 
ne-leil : hill -nun maile a Imir nf lln- nm-l hinhly i-nlinhteneil pmlionsuf 
the I 'nil ill .Stale- anil nf the primiiial Kiimpeaii eniiiilrii-a, ilnriii^ whieli 
lie rln-elv iiisjii'i'ti'il llieir \ ai'iuii- eiliii .it iniial .-ysleiiis. lln his I'l'tiirii 

he tr.inie'il a Sihnnl liill wlli'll ellilmiliiil tin- !■■ »l--a.s slliteil In the eir- 
ilim-tame-nf Cm. I, la nf the valinii- -elinnl sysli'in- nf llle iiiunllies 
Ihimi.-h whieli he Inel Iravilliil, ami llle ehief I'ealnres nf hi- iiri;^ilial 
itill slill Inrm llle ;;ioiiii(l-Hiirk ul mir present eilm-atimial sy-ii'in. 

linl tlin-eHlni have any kiinw-leili;i- uf the exi-tin.,' state nf allaii-s 
when Dr. Ilyei-nn lii.ik the mailer in li.iml, i an leiulily iimli r-laml Ihal 
it iiiii-t li.ivi- taken many year- "f anximi.s e.inn-l lull In la-iiiL; mih-r 
,iml -ymiiniiv mit nf its ihi'ii^ehanlie -lali- ; when lln- li-w- selniul-hnnse.s 
which exisieii wen- .-lan-e wnilliy nf ijn- iiaim-- heinn fur llie innst part 
iinre Inj; slianlies, invenil with hark, urlhalelnil with swamp hay, with 
a Imli' Ihrmi^h tin' -iih-, wliji-.h it wmihl he ililliiilll In ilelel-niim- whether 
It was inieiiitiil fur a ilnnr, a wimlnw, nra ehiiiinev - as il an-uereil lur 

all llin-e while ihe illlerinl was in keepinn Willi lln- exlilinr heill;,' 

eilher ilevniil nf siiih Inxniies as ih'-ks nr their plaees heiii^ snpplieil - 
as were the seals hy riveil slahs with -tiek- stuek in fur lei;- ; wlnu Ihe 
spar-ely -ellleil ili-tiii-is, with iiiteivi'iiin,:^' -waiiips, ami ahsi'ma' nf numl 

In.lil-, 111. I'll' e\'ell lie 'liaie,;i niellts I'm- the Ineattnli nf the -ehniil nf nu 
mail ilillicalty ; ami when wnr-e than all - lliele exi-leil llle liin-t viu- 
hml ulijeel inns nil lln. pari nf tlinse w III! hail eilm-aleil their nwii families, 
111- reared lln-m wilhmit eiliiealinn as \i'i-y many h.ul lieeii nhlijieil to ilu;, 
anainsi any sysinm whiih emnpi'lleil ilnni In p,iy a share tnward Ihe ex- 

pelisi'- of an iilijeit wlliell tlli'V didn't emi-ider In henf the sligllte.st ht'llL'- 
lll In Iheln-elves. 

it is easy tu see that l>i'. Ityei-nii's w.-is imU-ed a hen-iih-an task, re- 
ijniiin^' mure than lln- framing nf a liiti nr lln- ]ias-atfe nl an Ael i^\ 
Parliament In aiennipli-li. lint a f.iilhl'nl ailln-ieme tn thenhjeil aimed 
i al,aiilisl hy ihi-niailual inliver-inii nf llin-e nppnsid luthi' Mlielne, haeked 
I hy llle iliereasinn weallll and advanli|j,'es whirh a hinln-r slate uf eiv- 
I ilizalinii always hriiins, has ;.;iailiially swi-pt away all nh-tacles ; and we 
, have in lln- phe e nf a lew si-atlerid and iiila|iiila|i'il i-hanlies - a siil- 
j lii'ii-nt nunilier nf I'nnimndiun- fiaiiie sr|in,,|.||iiii-i.>^ nr tine hriek and 

I slnlie slnirlnriv ; while tin- plaie- m\ lln- learlliM's nf llluse days- nf 

j wlmm \ ery many w-ere pu.s-e-.si'il uf hat indill'ereiil si'lmhastie altainmeiits, 
and Wniilii miw he enii-ideled far frniii eniilja-Ient have hei'li siipplie I 

I -hy nil. ins ul Ihe .-picmiid N'urmal ami .Mndnl Si'hunls wliieli Ihe iiher- 

> alily and paliinli-in nf niir Li';;islal"rs lia\i' ^iveii iis willi lliuso who 

' are a iiedit tu the system, ami Ihe rniiiiliy wiiieli siippurls it ; and ill a 

I wni-il, lln- I'nhlie Srlinul Sy-ii'in of ( liiiaiin '• I'niiii a I'liiiililinii nf perfect 

1 inlaiiey, has lipenid williin Ihe I'limpas- nf a ni'mi'iitimi, lu uiie which 

'will iiiiii)iare l'a\iiralily with any -iniilar s\ -icm in Ihe kiinwii wnrld." 

\ Ueferrinn uinie parlirnlaily tn Ihe Cnuiily nf ('aihlHii, wi- lind Ihal 

j fnnii its Very earliest iniinii'ipal ni'g.inizaliuiis, iis represeiilativt'S 

I evinced llle must lively and anxiuii.s interest in the cause i.ii' i-ducntiun ; 

I and a perusal i\\ lln-ir Wecurds piuve Iheiii In lia\e ^iveii their earnest 

< atteiitimi tu the mailer, and lu have dealt with it in n praisewurtlij 



dli 



X. 



iiisToiucy\L ski: rc 



N|iini. Ill ilii' hiiiiiitx "I lli.> .l.uiMBrv •1--1IM1, I'-.'il, «•!• I'mmI till' liil- 
I'lttiii;; : 

" I.V Mr. Miidiiri'ii iiiiivi'il, «i'i'<)ii<l>'<l liv Mr. MrKiniinii, lliiit in 
" iinl. r I.I I'iml.li' llii' Sili.iul Tni-li'i'H nC ih.' \,in.>nH M I S.. ti.niii in 

" llli' ThMI|.||||m .ll till' I'nIllltV IllCllll'Inll III ;;.i IlirHlllil illll'lliKl'lltly 

" III till' tli" li>ii>,i' I'l tlh'ir iirilii.iiK mill iiii|<"ri,iiil iliitii'^, it i< iirrrx-iirv 
" In iK-iHi' tli.'iii .>! Ilii' K'l'ili.il I <i-ii|ii'ii(li'iti lit llii< I'mimii il, mill lit il* 
" .li^|i<i.4ilh>ii Im iMii.t iiill.t iiii'i I'llVi't II iii.i.l liii|i.irliint iliil.v ili'Vnhiii^ 
" u|i'iii ii liV Ihi' iii'» Si'liMul A<l. 

'• il ■< lIliTi'liilv llr«..l\,.|| l,y llli< I'lillllcil 

" 'I'li.il ill I ill' lil(iii>; liiiii' it will rliMi'ifiiliv rMiii|i|\ mill llir i..|iiin'- 
• iiii'iil- "f 111.' ;i7lli Si. II. Ill ..f ilii. .111.1 ,\. I . I;) Mill 1 1 \ I.',, ('1m|.. !■») 

"hIiI.Ii -.U-; /( til lit lir III.- illllil of III. Miliil'lli.ll loHilfitt III I'trll 

■■ I'liinilil I.I .-.iiu' I.I hi. I.ni.l i.i.li ;,',.i,' .i,„.,i 11,1 V'i.ii,M/ii;H ../■ .<ii./i 
*' ''.Mill';/ mi.'/i iilKi (»i- .^iiiiiK .if' III inc./ fill till, fiitiiii' III I'/ llti' ml'ir'iiniij 
" /.,/,('/;( II iiii 1 1 il.;l I'.iiiiiii.iii .<fc'/i,iiif Vi Ill-Ill I » in ''mil III- III 'iinl i-iinill (i-liill 
" oi' nil l•l|.||■.|.^ ..I mill. -I mil In Ihr innulliil iif .-^.-liiiiil llli.ii>./» .l/i/i..r»|.iiii./ 
" fii till, m-i'ii-iil V'.ii.'iih/ii/w Ilii nil/ fill- nH'-li ijiiii-aliy till' ' 7iir/.N'u/'» I'ilif^li./- 
"«.i/../.s'''/i..i.',.. rul'l'ii-.l," 

At llii' .liiui' Hi'—iiiii I'l' till* all. ivi yi'.ir II llv-liiw wui lui'-i'.! a|.|i..iiil- 
ill;; L... Ill Sii|ii riiiii'ii.li'iil'. Ill' S.'Ii'ii.Ih till.. 114I1. lilt till' ('fiiiiii), uii.l 
|.i..vi'iiiu r 'I' ilii II' I'l iiiniii'r.ili.iii. 

I'll. l.'ll..\Mii:.' ii|.|.i'.il • ill<.i ill till' luililll.". ..f lIlul "I'xl.ili : 

••111. .\|..v.'.l i.y .Mi.Ciii^', HI'.' I.'il l.v Ml', .sii'i'iii., . 

'• 'I'llill t.illl.' Ii.'|..i|'l ..till.' Kill iILi'I'lIIIIiiIIIi'I' lit' il.l.l.'.l III.' r<lllllil!i' 
•' l.r lilt' I.IIIII ..I I'. .11- Illllllll'I'UI.I -I'M'lllVllllll' |...llllll-..'l^llli 111 hIi|I||1i^''> 

" nil. I «i\|.'iii .' I'lT'.l I—, liil) II'. [1111 1. 1 r I' III.' I'lyiiii'iil ..f l.-;.'illy i|ii,iii- 
'•111. I ."<. li.i'.l 'I', ii.'liii ', .iii'l Ih.il Ii •.'piiniii' ll.vliiH 11'- pU'.iii'.l Ini miiiii;; 
"ami .iMliilHiiiii;; till -.11.1 '•mil, I 'iniiil." 

At III.' .I.iiiiiaiy -i'-i..ii lit l-'.'ij. III.' I.'..iititv t' '.||. il i;avi' |ir..'.r ..f 
lliiir '«./i.i/ii|.»l.y |.u--iii^ llii' l.i!li.«iii; He-. Inli'ii. I':. ".1 «1iilIi il w.iiiM 
a|i|i ,11' llial -".111.' ..t 111.' iiiiihii' iiiiiiii''i|ii!iii ', "H 1 l.ir li'-- |.;ilii..li.' 
Hpiiit than tin' iiiiii..iily i.l tin' inlial.ilanl 1 at ..ii . .', Iiii'l ili'tiiniii'l 1.. 
Ii.'iii;,' lut.'.l I'. I' till' iiii|i{...il III M'li.i..|-, anil It I'll-. '.i In oiiiply Willi tin' 
IH'.vi-i III- ..I III.' Ill « S.I1.1..I .\i'i ; 

'• I:;. Mr. I.i.'ii vi'«, -i.. Ii'.l I.y Mr. I 'lia|i|iiiiii, Ihal- 

•• Wltii.a- ill.' .S'.li.il.'r ..I iliiH r'.iim il ^ivi'i il a- lii- i.|.iiiiiiii lliiit 

'• it Hii- till' I'li'ik "I llif 'r..w'ii.|ii|i i.f Maii'li an.l 11. .t tin' A-t'"-..r 

•'wliii i'..niiiiilli'.l a l.|'i''U'li ..fill- iliilv I.y 11..I .•i.nii.luii',' Willi tin' 

" ri'.|iiii'i'iiii'iiU .'[ llii- I '"ini.il, Ir .i-»i'--iii^' llii' 'r..'Hi-lii|' I'.'r .'<i'li...i| 

. " nii.n.'V. ,111.1 llial In' it liaM.- I .r lli.- -am.'. ■rii.r.'|..ri'. In', ili.' S..li.ii(ii', 

•' i^ li.'ii'l.v i..iii.'l.'.l t.. lak.' |.r...'.'."linu' I'.'Iriil .>!' liii- I'.niii.il 

" iij!.iiii-t III.' -ai.l .1 . r niiinioi|.a!ily, ..r »ii. Ii .ilInT i.nir-i' a- In' iii.tv 
" ili'i'iii |i|..|it'i', I.. i. ' till' ri''|iiiri'iin'nt^ ..I' tin' -ai.l Ity-laiv, anil 

•• lln'ii'l.v ni.ll>.' an . \ [.1.' "i tin' parti.'- •.•nilly ..)' a .l.i'.'li. In.n i.llln'ir 
•' .liilv : .111.1 lli.ii ilii' I'li'ik .1.1 l:i\i' him a . ..|.y ..t tin- l!i'-..liitiiiii ai hi- 
"aiilli'.iiiy I'.r -i. .I..111.4 rani.-. I." 

'I'll.' I'li-l.Till;.; I'll I 111.' C'lllllfil, 111 all.. Mr t'S|i|'l'--l'.l, l..l/t'lll.'r willi 

till' l.iinl'il.li il.'-ii'i' III' till' niajiiiiiy In I'licaiiai,'!' ami |ii.>nn.tti ll an-. 

..r.''lin'ali Ii.v'in I'.iilv l.i L.'ai -^ I Iriiil ; ami Mf m'l' l'r..iii a r.'i...it 

|iiil.|iiiht"l III I'-I7 Ihit llic ll.ilh'.n-ii' Di-lrirl lain.''! a l"l.il ..t' -i.\t\ - 

i.iii' c<.iiini..n -.li'i'.l- in "j'ri.ili.in, t\. Iii-iv»' ..I' limn.' in llyl.iun. 
Ill.m.'i'-I.'r lii'a.l.'.l lli.' li-t willi Irii -.In. ..I-, ivliil.' Ni'|.i'an lia.l iiiiii' -. 
1 1, mil mil in ami M,irll..ir..', i'.i.''i i'i,ilit : Kil/r.iy an- 1 1 1-'^.....!.', .'a.-li -i-ii'ii ; 
lliiiilli'V, a'w ; N'l.rlh I l.itti'r, finir ; .iml .\Iai.li ami Tnilinlt.iM. uiu'li mii'. 
ill l-i'iii til. 'in wi'i'.' -.'V.'iity-lu'ii ML'li'i .1- in till' ('.unity, ln-iiij; an iin'i'oa»u 
of l'..iirli'i'ii ill llir.'i' Mar-. 

'["m lii']i..rl ..I ISIT, wlii.li i.t 111.' I'lrh.'-I w.' ran Hinl, «li..«.- Ihat 
I'.'iiiii wan ;<ratil.-.i liy th.' l..';^i-latiir'' that ynir, t.i lli.' v,iii..iis niuni. i- 
|iaiilii'- I'l till' ...iiiily l.ii' -I'll. I'll |inr|..i-.'», ami thai .I'li.Jils was panl a-i 
••alarii'- l.> lln- -i\tv-i'nt' piihlii' -.■ln...l l.a.lnr-, l.t'iii>^ an avi'ia'^i' ..f 
i'il-* III-, l.r Sl.'il, 'I'lir lii;;ln'-t m-.m-n- j.ai.l liy aiiv iiiiiniL'i|.alilv «a< 

I.y N.'pi'.in, *'.irj.'.'ii |i. r l.'.i> InT, an.l III.' l..wi'-l liy lit- 1.', wlinli .mly 

iivi-rai;''! X-l, "r f-l \<ri- M'.u p.r lia. lur, 'I'lii' 1..I.1I aim'iinl.'i pai'l in 
salaii."^ I" lia' li.i- I.y lln' ■.•M'lal T"«ii«hi|i- »a- a- l'.ill..\v- -- 

Nt'liian, i:-;iii; lil..iu'.'-ti'r, i.';l-J7 ; Kil/ii.v, .£l'i;(I ; C'lilliinini, X'--'-lii ; 
Marlli.in.', C-S.H; llmilli-v, i'l->,s ;()»),'• n.i I u, i'l 17: Ni.illi (l.iwi'r, i'ld.s ; 
Mar.h. i':il ; •|'"rl...ll..ii,' l':lll. 

Ill l.s'il «(' liml III. 11 llii' rmiiily raisi-.l I.y iliruci laxali.ai I.. -iipplr 
iiR'iil lln- I I'.viinnniil yriiil anil ..llivr lal.- Inwai'.l- llm paynnnil ..1' 
lfj!ally i|iialiliiil ii'.i.'h. i-h, lli.' -inn ii! S'l,!llll.7ii, wliili- llif -inn rai-i'.l I.y 
lly-law |.ai-i"l at the .liiiii' -i'— i..ii, \r<7X, f..r lli.' -unii' piirp..-i', iliuin^; 
the fli-ilin^' .-iia.n.ai, .*ll,J.'.'', wa- .li-liilnilt'.l a- l'..||..w« ; 

Ni'pi'im *ii.'i I lliinili-v 8;l.•-^ 

(iloini'-ti'i- lill ! .N'.rih (l.iwi'r :!7:i 

0-KiiiiiU' ."i''!!! Marll.rir.,' ;i:i;i 

Kilzriiv ''ill'"! March L'(i7 

(i..iili;.iiiii 177 ; ■ri.rl...||.in llii) 

'llii- i- i-.ili'ti.li'rill.ly ..\ tir .i.nil.l.' tin' am.. mil rai-t* I l..r lliu -aim' pill- 
p.K.' Ivv.nty-livi' y.'jirs ai;.., willn.iil i"iiiniiii;,' lIii' aim.iinl- I'.ii-i'.l I.y 
Uii'hni.iml ami Ni'tt Kilinl.ni^li, wlii. li w-u- in lln' l.ini.r nii'iiii.iiii.l 
VL'iir iiit'lmli'il. 

In l-,"il w.' Iinl ..11 I'll T.'iu'i' I.. III.' r"niilv t'..iim iMi.','.,r.l- llial 
iii'W ;;raiiiniar-i!i.ii.;- Iia.l pi-l l...'ii -tarl. .1 in liylmvii ami Kiiliim.ml, 
aii'l a ri.'-'.liili'.ii wa- pi—i''! a|.p.iinlin:_' tin' I'.ill.iwili;,' ;,'i'iii!i'iinn tiii-i.'.'- 
I'.ir 111.* -.iiiif. 

livr.iWN, - I'll.i 'r.inipl>in-,.lnlin S.'.ll ami Arthur .Mhii. 

Ui. 11M..M1. 'I'll. una- (i.irlan.l, .l,iiii.'> ll.ii.h'ini.ii an.l .Tanii'H 
Shilliiii;I..ii. 

.Sill pi.-ntlv a ;,'raiiiniar h.'Ii.i.iI was al-.i .ii^-ani/.'.l al Mf'tcaU'f villa;;!'. 

ThtJ-t! liavi' all h.'.'ii -n-p.*ii.li''l mnv tor -..nic y.'ai.i, llnni'^h rr.ini rt-a-uiis 
iiot app.ir.'iil I'l IH, tin- r..ll..wiii.,' n.ini.'.i ;;.-iitl.-iiii'n aif .-arrii'.l ..n Ih.' 
list of i'..iinly aiip.'inliiiii.i- a- ••'rni-l.'.'H ..1 I'l.niily lli;;li .S' I1....I-, " 
liaviii;; jir..lialily I.l'.'Ii tlir l.i-t in Ih.-ir i-.'-tpi't-livi' I.hmIiIil-.h win. a.'ti.l in 
tliftt rapai'ilv -.- 

■|". V. Lvnii anil 'I'll..-. Mill.r. I'ir.'nil r...ir.l N"... 1, liichimiinl. 

.Mi'-r-. 'I'.az .M'Diii.il.l, M. .Millaii, S.ii,p-..n an.l li.'V. William 

Wri^hl, I'lr.iiil II.'.H'I \... -2, .\l.i.- ill.'. 

It si'inii- ;,'i'in'rally a.liiiilli'.l llial llm lirst -ilnml laii„-lit within the 
liniils 111' till' pii'-.-nl (''.iiiity ..I' rarU'I..ii wa- al Kii'linniml, ami in a 
Iniii-i' t'r.'.U'.l I'll llial pill]. .1-1' in l'-;iil, I.y tilt' Iinpt'M.il I i..\ rrnnn-nl, 

wli.ial-ii -i-iii i.nl Ir Kii.'l iinl a I. a.'li.r -p.'.i.illv L.r lli. phui', ami 

k.'pl liim iliii- I'liipl.iM'il al 1 1. IV. 'nun. Ill .'\]" n-t' I. a- .1 jimnl.t'r ..[ yt'.ir-. 
Many iil' tini «rlioiiN in mir rural ili-!ri.l-, ami .'Vi'ii in what wi'ii' in tlm 
early ilay- thf I'.'iilre-i of p..]inlali.in — wi'i-" taii>;lil liy iiii'ii ..t various- 
ranii, ili-i'liaiv'i'.l ..r ii'lirt'.l In. 111 Ih.' Ilriii-li army -...'I'a-i. m. illy I'x-.lu'.p- 
laiii- or r.'4innul ll .-. li.ii.lni.i-li r-, linl ..I u'r I.y nii'ii fi lln- r.iiik-. 

'I'liL' lir-l -. li"..l wh'it' any ]uili'i w.i- nia.lt' of in-lrncliou in tin' 

"liiKlifr luainlit'-" was llii' rcli'liralt'il " Moilt'l .Stlnml" near the 
Chauiliijre. The site on whitli it is erecteil wai prusenieil liy the late 



C.il. 1,11 llri'loii lo III.' I>i>liiet .if lliilhiai-ii' ; nm' 
lii'inu Ih.il '1 pul.li.' -III. Ill -In.ulil III' iiv. ii'.l au 
'I'll.' pri'ii'i' il.ii.' Ill II- iTi'i'li'in .I'l.'t mil apin'.ir, 
III op.ratioh wliil.' I'arli'loii wa- -nil llie ol.l U.i 
It I., han' l.ii'ii pii'vioiis lo I till. 

.\l Ih.il iiirlv ilav the Conn, il of tlin |)i»tri. I 
the ..1.1 •• link.' Sli.il Ml liool," as il i. ..illi'il, 

a -eli.'im w hi. h vS'is alli'twiinl- inlnnlii.'.'.l, an. 
lln. till II. Ihi' pit -inl illii it'iit -I'll.' I.y .uir -ph' 
1 1/ : lilliii;,' lip iilii.leiils (or th.' »|ii'. iiil piiip i-ti . 

In i.llii'r wiiiils, till' I pli' of this r.iniilv weii' 

;;r.'at iinj.'.rlam I. an.l m.-.'s-itv .il I'luvalin^ tia. 
|i --mil ; anil ill.' lii-l t.i iiirrv thai llienn into pn 
mi'un.l II 1.1 >' Moili'lH.'l 1. " 

'I'lli' lillil.lill;; is of .lolii', of inoilirille -i/e 

nearly -.piaie in -1111111', mn' -t..ry lii^jli, with . ..Ita 
nil. I -Ion.' p.. I. Il : iiiiil iIioiikIi a viii .'.niimiii plin 

sent . »a- III ihe lit f en eli.'ii . iiiisi.ii'ii .1 a very 

'I'lie In-Ill. t r..iin.il -I'lil I" 111. I.I.I ...uiilii 
"eli'..il, in Ihe pir-oii of Win. Mealy, an . .lie .i|. 

iii..le»,sii.nal liaiher, »lii nlininil many y.'.n 

llM.iwii wilh.lii'W Ir.iiii Ihe li|-lrii'l, a ili-piil.' .1 
all. Ill ..»ni"l Ih.' Iiiiil.liii;.', Ihe i.-nl) Ih'Iiil' a l.i 
liiM.r of Ihe I .luiilt', uli.i now I1..I.I 11 : lull a- 

l'..l. I,.' Ilreloii- i;iaiil U e.in only he 1 1 lo 

wiihin Ihe pi. '-.'Ill .'ill liinils, ii i- pi.irli.allv ii- 
Cou'il) I'oiint'il pa— eil a reM..iiilioii,at ilit,lmiiiary 
W.ir.l.'ii II. pr... lire the |ia— a;;e of a -pei lal .\i 
piriiiil lli.'iii 1.. ili-p..-i' ol It. Snlli.'ienl inl.'i'' - 

>'.M...l.'l .S.li.iol,"»lii.'li i of II nil. -I lami 

pi'.|;i I the I'llii.ation al -y-li'iii ill Ihe llilawa 

all.. VI' pa—Ill;; reference 1 ami 111.' Iii-I.ii 1. al a--." i 
It will .'.iiise Miany to ie;;rel the ilay when il is 
Ihe imiieli of eominert'e, in the ere.li.in of more pit 

a- il -null lllll-l. 

'I'l' realiiTe Ihe i',Mraor.llnai'y f.iiilrn»l helween 1 
alf.iii- in I'lir Kramlhitliei'H' ilay ami at IIm pre-.ii 
the wi.iiilerfiil re-iills achieve.l in Ihal .liie. Iniii 
eeiitnry, il i- lun iie.is-ary lo .'.iii-iiler for a niome 
. llii. .11 al Ihe two re-pi.'live perioil- imiiliiineil. Il 
IIM' .i.ii...pii.iii to r.'.ili/e 111.' l.ii I thai in eiim'.il 
t'\ iileines of jim-perily an.l a.lvam.'.l iniproMiinn 
or al.slrael, phy-ieal or ineiiiphysi. al t'arli'l.ui 
pla.e ill a e.inniry wliieli is one ol the f..reiin'-l o 
a.^'e. 

In lef'rriiiK' In the followiii;; -iiininarv from 
l!i'V. ,1. May, .M.A.. the In-p.-etor of I'liMJe S.h.i. 
iiiiisl II. .1 he I'l'rp.lleii thai il ileals -imply wiih lli 
.li-lriel- ihii-e of llilawa I 'ily li.'ina eniliia.'e.l iimh 

li.'ii. We liiiil fi'.ini III.' reporl lli.il in ,1 t this 

liiin.iri'1.1 ami nineteen pul.ln' -• 1 1- in op.'r.itii.n in 

a.s lollow- : lili.ui'.-ler, twenty l«o; 1 i-l; le, 

-.'wnlei'ii ; li..iillioiirn, lunrleen ; l'il/r..v, eleven i 
ami .N'orlh (iower, eaili nine; Marili, live; ill 
I'liriii;; llii' 11.I10..I year three "Ih.'r -' Inuil- were in 1 
linn — niakiii'.' a l.iial of ..ne hiimlnil ami Iwenlyi 
They ar.' all rep.irle.l as in a In-allhy ami pro-pi 
lan',;lil (»illi mie i'Mepli..ii) liy U",;ally ipialilieil leiu 
.litli'ieiil fr.. Ill what il was e\i'n -even yearn aiin. 

iliar;;e ol ihe eniihly pnlili.' -el Is sp.'.'ial .ertil 

I.eiiio then in many I'lme.s lu-.-es-ary to -iipplv ll 
le.iiher-. 'Ihe (;railes of eertilieate- n..w llehl I.y 
teachers are - 

Kir.-l-.'hi- 

Sei'oml-elass 

Tliir.l-.lasM 

I If the-.', twenty-three have Noriiinl Seiinol ct 
saiii.' iiunilii'r, eerlili.ali's fii'iii Ihe rnuiily .Mo.l.'l 
whole Ihe pre-.nt -lalf I- .l.'seril.nl a- li.-im; " at 
any previous peri. ..I ' in ih.' Iii-i'.ry ..f Ihe rniinty. 

In ie'.;alil In itahirie-, lli.' Iiii;lie-I paiil to a malt 
the liiiil. 'Hi til a h'lilale, .•ii:l''ili ; avuiane salarv | 
SI7ii.li-- : avera;;i' lo lenialu leaelier.s, ji'.'Ill.s; ; i,. 
.luriii;; Iho year, *ri,til:i. I I. 

The anionnl rei'eive>l liy tni.stee-, ft'oni all -our.' 
amoiint e.xpumle.l, .SIll,."ili,-<. 7:! ; .m.l Ih.' aniiuiiit 
p.iv ;ii,l; mlninl taxes i- .si,li-Jii,L':il. 

The total iiiiniliir of . liil.lr.n l.ilwe.n the a;;.'- 

.'<,n7I ; nuiiil.,r ent.i.-l on -el I n'i;i-ter- ilurin 

lie-i.le- 'to."! helween -ixt.in aiiil lw.-nlv-..ne ; al 
iweiily-nne, inakiii;; .1 l..tal ..f !i,iil!l. 

Til.' av.'rav;e alien. lame .liirin;; llie lii-t hall 
:i,'.l|;i ; an.l .lurin.L; lln- -eeoml li.ill-ye.ir. :i, lo|. T 
wli.i -lu.lii'.l alLielira wa- IM7 : Lieoineli v, l-JJ; an. 
only Hi'V.'ii. l here were !W -eliools ri';^.iil,irlv ..pel 
reliL;iiiii» eierei-es ; 7.'i in wliiili Ihe Ten ('.ininiaml 
ami liiiir in wlii.li i'ler;;vmi'ii iniparteil reli;;ioiis iie 

II i- .'Xir.'iii.'ly -ati-laelory lo noi.' ih,. |ii.,p,..t,, 
Hi'liMol aL'.otnmo.lati.in thr.iuehont the ('.iuiit\- in m 
rea-onalily I'.vpe.leil, with very few ex.'.pli.m- ; tlni 
.siliiiol-li..ii.s..sl.iiilt nf Htone, 'ill ..f hri.'k, one of ei 
an.l the rem.iimler of h.es, The latter ar.', hit- th 
111. ire iii'wiy setlli'il Iniaiili.'s, ami are ;;i'a.lii.illv lieii 
ilij!- ill every reispeet heller aila|ile.Miir Ihe »er\iei' 1 

The followiii;; are Ihe .illii'ers app.'inl.'.l hv tin 
look alt.'r Ihe r.iniily's e.luiaiional inierenis, ami . 
Ull of the pr.ivi-iiiiiH of 111.' Sil I Ai I. 

I'ouiilv Insii.'cl.ir, U.'V ,1. Mav, .M..\. 

fHi'V. Mr. .Mavilnspet 

liuai'ilnf I'ul'lie School ; "'"V'!''!:'"'.",'*-'' 
K.xaiiiiiiei's. 'I '^'■.'•'"' "^"l" ;■.' 

.Inliii McMnllm, 
I. liev. .laiiie- White, 
Mr. While has ili.'il -i,,;.,. t|„. appnintinenl, lii^ 
in;; va.'aiit. 

The Insp.et.u's t_.niiial salarv i- *liiii from Ih 
frnin the Le^isl.itiii-e. ili,. I'.vee.s- of the h.rmer lain 
•r.iv.llin:,' e\|ieii-.'s. He al-o re.eives I'lUirilollars ; 
fur aliemlaiice, as L'liairiiiaii of the Hoanl of K\a 
iiieiiiliers of the linanl receive tlie same remmierut 



ICAL SKI^rCll OF TlIK 



r 

iiii 1.1 Ihi' lii'ltiil nf |)ii||ii.n.|i' 1 niii' .niiilltiim i.f tin- Kmnt i 

{.III. Ill' - 'I1...1I .li.iiil.l I..' .1.'. Ii'.l iiu.l iiiiiiiilaiii.'.l tli<'ri'..ii. 
,11,. ..I It- rri'. i|,,ii ,l..i'< n,,| ii|.iM,ir, l.iil llii' In. I lli.it it ttii* 
hIiiI.. I'm), I, mi Win "till Ihi. "Ill DiiIIihiikIi' Ui'lrict, •how* 

II iiirvi..in I.. I •■■111. I 
iilv .l.iv till' ('..nil. il i.f till. I>i«lri. I liii.l ilc-iijiicil hilI in 
ik.' Sli'iil H.I1..11I," IK II i. ..illi'.l, -111 ini'iitly nirri.'il nut 

liii II tviiaiilh'rw.iiil-i inliiiiliiiril, mill Ini. «ii 1 11 .lUi- , 

II' |iii'<i'iil I'lli. ii.tit -t.ili. I.v inir -|ili'iiiliil Nunniil Hi I1..0N : j 
{1 .ilii.li'iil'* |..r ill.' .<{.i'. iiil |'iiii|. .-II ..I tlii'iii'<.'lvi'4 IriirliltiK. 

.1-., Ilii' I |ili 111 1I111 Ciiiinlv will' till' llr<t 111 I'l'iili/i' till' 

ih.i. nil. I I .'—itv ..I .'Im.iliiiK' t.ii.liiiiK I.. 11 si, Mill. ml |iri. 

lli.'lii-l liM.irrv lli.il llii'i.r\ ml.. |.iii.'li.i' l.y lli.' r-lul'li-li- 
.1.1 " Miiili.|Si'lii...|." 

liiij,' il 111' "tiiiii', 1.1' tiii.ili'i'iiti' -i/riiiiil I Ii'~t |.n'li'iiniiiii'<, 

' Ml -ImIh', .itn- -1. .IV liiijii, Willi ...till;;.' ro<.r .itnl " 1I..11H'," 
I II ; iiii.l lli'.uijli 11 M'i\ .'.iiiiiii..ii |.lii. I' l..'.kiii;,' iiir.iii' III |ii'i'' 

III' lillll' III rli'i.'ti..|l r.illKlili'l'i .1 11 Vrl'V Dllr lillil.lillk'. | 

lift (.'iiiinril "I'lil 111 llii' iilil riiiiiilr> l.ir n tin. liii' ("f tliin 1 
' |ii'r«.iii 111' Will, Mi'iily, nil I'lliH'iili'.l tii-li ^iiilli'iiinii, iiml j 

in. Ii.'i', «li. nliiiui.l ninny vi'iii'i ill llii' |"i.,ili.iii. AlliT , 

.lii'» li'.iin till' |ii~lii< I, .1 .li-pnli' iii.i-.' n- 111 wlii. Il ...V|.iir- 
III.' Iiuil.liii;,', III.' i.'-mI) l.i'in,^' n ln» -nit liiiniiiuliiih' ill 
'.iiiiily, wliii 111."' Imlil il ; lull 11" - lU'r.ii.liiiit I., tin' liTini ul' 
t.in'H itrniil — it o.iii ..lily l.i. n-i'il I'm' 11 -.'In... I, ami n't it in I 
.'-.'III .'ity liiiiiN, il i- iii'n.'ti.allv 11-. 'li'-- ; nn.l tin' pii'..i'iit 
I'll {111— I'll II irMiiinli..ii,nl ilM.lnniiniy -i--iiiti, 1.. in-li'inl tht. 
III... nri' till' I'll— .i;^i' ..I n -pf. inl A. I i»l' lln' l.i'i^iiilntni'i' t.i 1 

l.iili-i il It. .Siilli. ii'iii ini.'i'i-t nltiulii'n In till' iilil I 

ml," uliii.'li il mil' 111 llii' I'nilii'-t Ininl'innrk- nl' tin* li-o niiil | 

ll Iii.iitiiniiil »\-li'in in till' lliinwn Valli'y, In jn-liry tlic | 

,' ii'liri'iii'i' i .111.1 llii' lii-l.iii.nl 11--... inli.iii- ...iiiii'i't.'.l Willi 

iiiniiy 1.1 U'^'i'rt ill.' iliiy wliun it ii rn/r.l 1.. ^'ivf jiliu'i' to 1 

LiiiiiiiiTcu, ill till' I'l'i'i'tiiiii iif iiiiirn |iruti'iitiii>iM >triu'iiii'u9 - 

i-t. 

I' till' I'Stiniinlliiniy i''iiilrni(l Im'Iwi'i'M llii'iitntr orrdiicitlniiiil 1 

t;inni|lntlii'i'«' liny nn.l nl llw |ii'i'-i'iit : iiinl In uikIi'InIuiiiI ' 

III K'-ilIt- ni'lin'M'.l III llinl .lili. tnni williiii llii' pn-l liiilt' 
lull iii'ii'— my to 1 ..n-i.|i'i' I'ni'n iii..iiii'iit llii'ii rxi-liii){ onii- 
l«ii ri'-|ii'i'livi' |irii.«l- nii'iiliniii'.l. Il ri'i|nii'i'M nn lllll)^illll- 
I'lii In rinli/i' till' In.l llinl in I'llinnliiin, nn in nil ntliri' 
|ii..-|.('iily nn.l n.lvnii.'.'.l iiii|.i'..\i'iiii'iil- wIii'IIht iiuUvrial 
[.liy-i.'nl nl- iii('iii|ili>^ir.il Cnrlrtnii iiiaiiitniii-< tin si'i'nml 

lllliry wllicll i-i nll>' nl tllu I'nii'llliist ii|'allln>t ullli){llti'lluil , 

iij; In till' fiillnwiiiK -iiiiiMiiii'V I'l'iiiii llii< mill inl Iti'pnrt ol' 
, M. A., till' lii-pi'i'lni 111 I'lililli' Si'liiinls I'm' III.' I'liiinty, It i 
l''iri;'.||i'ii llinl il ili'nl- -imply with tin- -. Inmls .,1 ilio niriil ; 
..-.' .'I IMIaunClli' L.'ili;^ I'lnl.ln.'. .1 iiml.'l n -cpnlnli' jllli-ili.'- 

ii'l fi'i'iii till' i.'pnit lliiil in .Iiii 1 llii- Mnr llit'ii' wrri' mii' 

niiii'li'i'ii piilili.' -I'liiiiil- ill npi'i',iti..ii in ilii' I 'niinty, ilivi.li'il 

(;i..iii'i'«li'r, iHi'iily-twn; n-^;i.nilt', iiiiii'li'i'ii ;' Si'pi'uii, 

l.'iilliniii'ii, liiiiili'i'ii ; l''il/:i'nv, I'li'H'ii ; Iliiiitli'V, .Mmllmrn', 

llnHii', inili iiini' ; Mnnii, livi'; niul 'rnrliiiltiin , I'.nir. 

Ilnnl yi-nr llllrc "llli'T -.llnnl- WI'll' in nprlnllnll pml nf till 

Ininl nl'iini' Ininilri'l nml Iwi'iilytw.. .Iiiriiij; llii' yrar. 
p..i'l>'il m ill a lii'nitliy mill prn-pi'iiiiH inmlilidn, ami 
i'.v.'i.pli..ii) liy li",'nlly .innlilii'il iintliiT-. Tlii- i-ipiiii' 
lint il tt.n I'M'ii -I'Vrii yi'nrt .u'n, wliiii .Mr. .M ny I nnk 
iiiiiily piilili.' -I'll. 1. lis Mpii'inl . I'llili. nli'< ..i- " piTinit^ " 
iiiniiy insi'H m'.'.'--iiry In -iipply lli.' .'xi-iini,' wniil nf 
(,'l'n.li'- nl' I'l'llili.'nU'- Ui.w In 111 l.y tin' nl.nvi' iiiiiiliulii'ii 

la- I 

la- l.s 

ln-« IIM) 

IwiMlv-iliri'i' liavi' Smiiial .S.'l I riTlilii'iiti'ii aliniit llir 

rlili.nl.'* ri'..iii lln- r..iiiity .Mnili;l S.li.ml ami ..11 tli. 
Ill -lull' 1- .li'MTil.i'il ns lii'iiiv; " at li'n-l I'ljual tn that nf 
ri'iil " in III.' Iii-t"i'y nl lln' r..iiiily. 
I., s.ilalii'-. Ilii' lii-ln-l I'ai.l In a ni'ali' li'aoliiT wa- .«7ilU . 
a li'iunli'. .'<:i"iii ; avL'in','1. salary piii.l male ti'aclii'rs, 
41' I.. Ii'iiinlu ti'a.'ln'i"', «*l.';tl.s7 ; liitiil p.iiil u. li-at'li.-r- 
. .'*;i:..4iiJ. 1 1. 

I 11. 1'lvr.l liv iriislt'i'-, fi'nin all -niini-H, was ji."i,'i, ,■-:((;. 112 
li'l, .•*l'.P,.V,lrt.72 ; ami tlii' ainc.iiiil nl' ratnlili' iir.ii.i'iiv 
.x'-i-Ul.li-JM,:;:!!. ' ' 

iiili.'r nl . Iiil.li'.'ii lii'lWL'i'ii lliu nni'- nl livnainl si.xli'cn is 

I nl.'ii'.l nil schnnl ri'ijl-li'i's iliii'iii^' ihu yi'ar, t<,.'iL'li ; 

wi't'ii -ixli'i'ii ami twi'iity-, ; ami thirty-eight over 

kiiiH a liital nf li.ol'.l. 

illi'inlnn.i' .I'lriii'.' tin. lii-t lialf-yinr i.f Is?? was 
ill',' III.' -I'.'i.ii.l li.ill-yi'.ii', :),|ii|. Til.' iiiiiiil..r nf pupils 
k'l'l'i'n wa- 1:17; ni'.in.'tiy, l-i:-, ami n.iliii'.il philnsupliv, 

llii'ie w.'i'i' !)H -elinnl- i'.'i,'iilnrly ..peii.-.l a l.isi'il wiili 

■s ; 7.''i ill whii'h llie Ten ('"inniamlimiits were iaiij;lit 

II I'li'i'^'ynii'ii iinpart.'.l ri'lii.'ii.ii- in-lniiiinn. 
•ly -ali-rael..i'y 1.1 iml.' 111.' 'in-pi'.'t.ir'.s remark, that iIk 
..lali..n tlii'niinli.uit ill.' rniinly i.s nnw all thai eniilil l.e 
•le.l, with very few exeeplimis'; tli.'relii'iiiiiat. present If- 
lill nf Hlniie, III nf lirii'k, one of eniicr.'li', 17 nl Irani.', 
ler nf I"--. The Intler nr.', I'nr the ni..-l part, in the 

llle.l Ininlili.'S, ali.l al'.'.nin.ln.illy l.i'iii^' replae.'.l hv Iniilil- 

spi-el lu'ller ailapli'.l Inrllie.servii'i' ri.iiiire.l. 

; me Ihi' ..lli.ers app..iiile.l l.y the Cniiiity Cmn.'il In 

.iiiitv'.s I'lln.'.ili.iiial iiitiri.'.sls, ami oversee the carrviii" 

inns nf the Si'lhinl All. • " 

pi-etiir, Kl'V,I. May. .M.A. 

f Ui'v. Mr. Mav I'lnspeolor), t'hairinan. 
ul.lic School J \^'"V.'*'l;'""'^'' ) 

""-• ii^;h!;'ii:M:;l;;;i, m-»- 

I Ifi'V. .Imm- While, ) 
has ilieil -iiiee the appniulnieiil, his place still reinaiii- 

ii'm orticial salary is ?lll«i fnau the Cnuiiiy, ami .*(;(I0 

tine, till' e.vce.is of the I'lmner liiiiin inleinfeil In cner 

I-.'-. He al-n re.eives l'..iir ih.ll.irs ;.■ r ./o m ali.l inil.'ni,'.' 

as I'hiiiriiiaii of the li.ianl nf Ksaniiiier- ami all liie 

linaiil ii.'ceive the same reiniineralicm for lliat service. 



The ("olintv tmlil nut to the variov.ii muni, ipnliln'", mi aicuiint ..I 

I'.ln.'nti Ininu the V'H' l''77, the -n I xii.lMT '.'7, "I whnh 

»l,IVi wa- wh.il i- inlli'il the I'llhll' Mil I 1 ilnnl ; *|iKMo "I' 

Mi'lioiils.'oiie 111 Ni'p.aii, llii'oiher iiin.|<i.iKli *.Mii'aili ; iiml H.r-'i:!.'.^. 

towiinl K'eiieral expeii-i •, Thi'ie were al-ii*'"il piinl to a •• | ' »i 1 1 

ill Mnrih, nml «<lli|....m' in T..il.iilioii. 

A- will h.ui' 1.1111 .'iiliiri'l finiii the nliove remark", tin" >;i ih'MI 

prlnripli- nf pn -1 111 piililie -rlin.il -yti'iii may he very liiiitly -mn 

liinriseil, a« liill'iw-: , , 

I, The -I'llnnl- me fri'i' In nil piipil- lu'twi'ill tile np'. nl livi' ..ll'l 

-ixtei'ii vem-. 

•2 fivirv chilli "nf Hi'lliiiil llKe" IS elllitleil liV law 111 nt lill-l 

hnir I iih-' iii'iru.'li Iiiritiu the year, lillier ai limiie ..r in iliv 

si'h.inl- ; ami nii> |im'i'nl- I'llii-iiiK m iiei/leclii,;' l.i .ilfnnl lln ir . liihlreii 
facililii's Inr ai'ipiirinu -uch iii-liuilinii, slmll he liahh' I" n line. 

;i. Kn.h 1 1 1 -eilinii (nr Inwii-hip, in ''i-e ..f II limi ilivi-imi- 

liiiiiK -np.'i-.'ileil l,v .1 tnwn-liip lin.iiil -hnll pinviih-, lliimij.'li tin 

tril-lee-, Uili'ipinle -ihiml niinllllllnilallnll I'nr nil the .hililrill nf-illnnl 

ii«e ii'-iili'iil within ils lliiiil-. 

'1. A lilieinl Leni-lalive ninnl i- .|i«trihut».l to the viirinus to»i|.|iip< 

nr SI'I llnll- (11- llli' Cn-e llll,<' In , ill pl'iipnl'lioll lo till' lllllllln'r of cllllilrell 

nf si'l 1 lye III a.lll.il all. 11. Inn..' nl the plll.li.: -. hnnlH nf -mil seelh.ll 

nr Inttii-hip, ami all pL.p.rh williiii -u. h se.'li..ii or Inwii-hip iiiu-l l.« 

a-i'ssiil In ilifiav the eiiliie ci-l of the »i'l I-. "Vi r ami ahove the 

aiiimiiit 111 -111 h lii'i^islatlvi '^raiit. 

.■1. A npi'.ili.'il ciiiir f .'.iilnr -liiily i- pie-eiil'iil ; while rellKinii'i 

e.xeiri«es nml ii'li;;i.iii. iii-lrn. limi nii' pirinitliil, hiil iml i'..iiipi'lle.l. 

II. Nnriiial -el I iiistriicli..|i i- liiiiii-lii.l nraliiil ly ; limie l.iil 

h'Kally ipinlilii.l len.lii'i- me iierinitti'il In fiillnw the pmli— inli, ami 
alter a .erl.iin iiiiml.er nf ye.n- .er\ i.e they ina\ leiiri' ..11 the '• '.iip.r- 
aiiiiiiali'il li-l," ii'.'i'i\iiirf a peli-imi ol an uiiiouiil piiip..rli..nnte In ihe 
ti rill llliv h.ive si'lV ll. 

7. Ami liiially,thi' law jiroviiles for a system nf iii.'i'l in-pe.li.iii, .iii.l 
the ciiilmliiieiii nr the with. Iriiwnl nl llie l,.'ni-lali\e i.'i'ant fi'..iii niiv 
tnwiisliipi.r-i. li..ii Imliii^t niplv with I lie pi.ivi-ii.nsnl ilieSi I1....I .\.|. 

WhnI we h.iM' -anl nlmve ii'lnlis mily l.i lli.' piil.li. -. li..nl'i nf llie 
L'liiiuty, a- ili-liii'.'iii-heil li'iiiii the -e|iai'ati' -ilmnl-. Tle'ie are hut si.\ 
nf the Intler in ('■iilelmi ('niiiily, niit-nli' nf uttawa, where the iiiiiiiln r 
is lar^'c ; nml we will Like ncca-inii to refer iiiore ill hiinlli lo llinl 
lirnii. ll ..f nlmalinii wliilu mi Ihe miliject of school- cmiiiecleil with the 
city. 

The snhp'ct of the ilevelnpnieiii nf religious in-liUiliniis, which is of 
lii'ci-sily 111 iiilininlely 1 ..line. l».| with lliat of dm alinii, is ..ne which 
was frau'.'hl « ilh llic eninc-l -nlii ilmlc nf tin pinii.ei . Th.' lii-lni v "I ih.' 
ni.iwlh .'I III.: I 'Iiii -I inn rliiii. h in I he I '..iiiily . .f Cn rli'lmi, i- the hi -I my 

nf the t'nlinty It -elf. Till early -illli'l- wile nf n l.li e linUil th|.mnl|..nl 

the worlil hir a ilejiiei' nf pidy, wlii.li, in n iinliniinl p. .inl ..f view, «iis 
exccpliniinl, Mill which lin-, heymnl rea-..iial.|i' i,'r..iiml fnr c..iiti'..vi'i'sy, 

.l..iie innie than an\ nllnr mi.' ..111-.' |..wai.l .Lviitin^' the llriti-h | pie 

In their pre-enl pmiel p. .-ill. .11 n- .1 ^'l.nl cinpiii' ; w h ih-i emlmil-. 

whcthci iii'ie nr in ihc nnlipinie-, mo -1 1 dii.I only 1.. the Mnllicr . ..iiniiy 

ill nil tllnse allril.lltes of Wi'.llth, onwer, eiluc llimi, ami ll'lillelllelll, the 

sure iio—cs-iniis of 111 I iili's Willi, castiii;^' llniii llieiii the iinchri-tiaii 

mill lienlheii ilnclriiie- nf ill.' .lark a::.'-, nml llie im l.-s repitnnaiil 
ninleriali-l ami -...i.ih-ii. .|..j.'iii.i- nf ,1 iini.li Inl.r peri. ..I. li.iv.' put tlnir 
iiati..iinl n- wi 11 a- llii'ir imlivi.lnnl lrii-1 iip<.ii tlinl H... k Ih. fnumla- 
tinii 1.1 a iiiii\i'i'sal ami I'lernal empire w Im-c Itiih-r -hall have kiiin- ami 
ciiipernr- fnr lli-'iiiliiecls, when earlhly principalilie- ami pnwers shah 
l.c n.i Imi^'ir. 

Wiihniit an CMcptioii, the early ili^clples nf the ('hiircli were iiieii 
nf extramiliiiary ilevniimi In their mi— inns ; ainl iin-ses-inn an miimiiit 
nf phy-iial eiicrKy ami eniliiinme, which, cnu|i'eil with their liij;li 
stniiila'i'il nf iiitellijjcme mill i.lijiinii.i nnlnr, eniineiilly i|iialilleil tlieiii 
In cmry Ih.' (L.-pel I.. Ih.' .'niiliii.v- ..f the piniicr -ettl.'nieMi-, nn.l keep 
fle-li ill Ih.' iniinl- nf till' -.'lllei-, who-.' llinl-, t.'liipl.il inn- .iinl .lilli.'ul- 
li.'s nt limes np|.c,iic.l 1111. ..minernl.li'- the lii.il-nml tein|ilnli..n- nf their 
.Ma-ter, whih- in llie lle-li, uii.l the n|nri.nn rewai'il which was (he 
ci'owniiiK re. niiipi'ii-i' nf lli- llihlily ami faith, which al-n niinht 1"' 
theirs; mill Ihcireanie-t pi. t> nml ihepe-' -nlicilmlc fnr Ihe Wi'll-heim.' 
of their i'liai;4.', which hn'l ...n-lniil nn.l .Inily illii-iinti.'ii in lli. 'ir iml. I.' 
-ni'rilici's In liiiii^; -piiilu.il inini-linli.. 11- within lli.' rem li ..f nil, even 
the iii..sl hiinil.le, iin.l.«iil.|.'.lly went far townnl helpiiin ilm-e In wlimii 
they niini-terci ,ti. l.car lli.'ir trials fnr yet a lillle lmii;er, when iii' 
-ci'incil ilark nn.l .lienr, nml 1.. ;;.i ..n ami c. .11. pier ihc tlilliciiliie- nt 
their p. .-lli. .11, .111.1 ein.'i'ne Ir.. Ill the l.nlllc, as they have, the mn-lei's 
..f a .|..iiinin 11..W siiiilim; with luilnre'- iiin-i Invi-li ^.'ilt-, aii.l il'.tte.l 
with the teinple- nf Ih.' Chrisiinn rclinimi ns inniiniii.nl- I.. Ih.. achieve- 
iiieiits of the-e early f..|l..w'i'r- of 111.' crn-s. 

A- a pc.plc W'hn-i' Iiilii'f in Ihc Kleinnl i- l.iuml.'.l ..11 Ih.' -n. le.l 
truths nf the liihlc, lli.' lii-l..ry ..f the Chiir.'h in il- vmi..ii- l.i'nn.'hes i- 
a siilijcl nf .it hn-l cijUal iniiie-t In any ntlii'i'. II. .w the ini'lv niiiii-- 
lei's were wniil In iniirmy lhi.iii;;li ih.- ileiise wil.lerne— , ,111. 1 mi l'...il, 
with -w;iiii|.sniiil lln. kit- loini|ii'.|e llieir course, ami -nvnL'.', wil.l Leasts 
a- their llircateiiint.' en.'inie- ; Imw they ili-rcu'.'ir.le.l l.iil ami privnti.iii, 
liin.lc liiihl nf Ki'.iwiii'-' ilnU'„'el's. ami overcmne hnlli ; Imw, lliminh le.pe- 
fiil in -piiil, Ih.y -iilh'ie.l i'l Ihe lle-h, ami even ".lid in the hainc-r. " 
tn -crv.' the .'ail-e in',ire-l lli.'ir liealls; all tlies.' ami liinnx' iiime are 
liiiiniii;; imi.lents up. .11 th.' hiinlil. -I |ia^;e ..fa cniilry'- lii-tnry, which 

ha- l.ccll Ihe hi-lniy nf viitmies nf peace, ami ..f llie Cl'n— the ein- 

lileiii nf till Kiii^nf Peace, ami are still within the per-niial ineiiinrynf 
many \cl li\ inn in th,. Cnuiity nf i'mlclnii : nml -cnicely less fmniiinr 
thrnii!,'li inter.'.. iir-i' with ilm-e wli.. hav.' pn--.'.l away, t.i llic niaiiv 
wlm-i' iir.'-.'iil c.ml.iiis ami eiijnynicnt.s, ill a spiritual i.niiit of view, 
are in a veiy nr.'al iii.'.isiire .In.' in th.' /cal nf ili..-e wlm ilms emlv 
fniinht ami -iill'i'icil that nlln'r- iiiinlit reap the rcwanls nf their laliniirs. 
In relcriinn iii.ire p.irli.nlnrly 1.1 the ilevi'lnpineiil nf the Cliui. h in 

the V.irinlls li.cllilie-, it i- .l.'eln.'.l l.,'-t to .In s.l ill c..nile.'li..|| with Ihe 

ski'tchi. nf 111..-,, pirliciilnr l...'nli'i.'- iheiii-.'lvcs. We will thereh.r.' 
simply 1. mark here ihnl Ih.' lir-i Iniilninn ir-eil |',,r a cliiinh in ihe 
I'ouiiiy of Carletmi wa- a lillle loj; Iimise liiiill hy I'apt.iin Wenllurly of 
the Nnvy, mi Inl U), river front of the Tiiwii-'lii]i of Mnnli, in Isl'i, 
He liiiill il for his hnii-e lii'1'..ri th.' -urvey ..f th.' t..wic-liip, wlii.h. l.ein,- 
cmiipl.'l.'.l the -n.'.'c'.liii',' winlcr, lsl:l-:!il, it w.i- f..iin.l Ili.lt Cnplnin 
Wentlnrly lin.l Iniilt n|.nii the wrnii^; I.. I, -iippi.-in;; it I,, l.c. .11 \... ijll, 
whereas it was mi I'.ipiniii .Street's Inl, lit. As Cnplniii Street, who Inn'l 
f.iiiie ill nt the -nine lime as Captain Weatherly, had alreiily eiecti'il ;i 
hnii-c. nn.l ili.l iml ii.c.l Ih.' new ncini-iiimi, it wn- lurii.il int.. n 
thiir.'li, ,111.1 -irv.'.l th.' piir|in-e ..f -uch till sii|.plniilc.l l.y llie >i.,iie 
church, erecteil on lot :!:(, ricr fruiil, -oine years hiler, I.v lluii. Mr. 
I'inhev. 



■v 



COUNTY OF CARLETO^ 



The Uov. Amos Ainslie, who had lu'cii for some year:* j)reviously 
the re-iiU'iit F^|>i'eo|iul rlei^yniiiii «i Hull, where he ili<l uul siueeeil in 
erei'liuj; ii ehiireh, however, till ii eoiisiilenihly later piriud, wa- the lirst 
mliii>^ter who olliiiateil in this tcniporary ehnnh. 

The lirst re^'iilar ehurrlies ereited in tlie ("luinty, ereeted specially lor 
that purpose, were the Methoilist aii'l l're<liyterian, in liytowii-the 
former Imill in Isj;, in Uideau. nearllie eorner ol Chaiul street (fnan 
whieh that street takes its name , and the other Ketwien Sp.irks and 
Wi-llinoton, on the present site of St. Andiew's, also in lN-7. 

These, and others in their proper order, will la- rel'erred to more in 
»ti'tail in another place. 

In I .1 the nunilier of elmrohes had increased to :iO, of which ^ 
wiTe Kpi-eopal, !l Uomau Catlio'ie, i "kirks" (I Presliyterian, 7 
Methodist, and one " other" chnivl . They were ilistrilaited a« f.dlows : 
-l''it/ri.y, L' ; Hhuicester, ;i ; (>o"lliourn, l< : llnntley, ;1 ; M»reh, ;i ; 
Mavlhoro', 1 ; N'epean, :t ; Norlli Uower, 1 ; ( )s!,Moile, 11 ; Uiehmond, 1; 
.uid Torliolton, 1 ; tile **otlier" elmrch, wliatever it may liave lieen, 
lieiuK i" Fitzroy. 

Krom that time forward the development was imnv in the improve- 
lueiit of the various church editiees than in the increase ot iheir nuniher. 
Uiiriuj; the ne\t twenty years, to fVl, only 17 new diurehes had heen 
leailt, makin;; a total of 17 in the Comity, iif whi.li 17 were Methodi-1, 
!o Kpiscopai, 7 Presliyterian, 7 Roman Catholic, and 3 of other deiio- 
miiiatioiis, 

AQRIOULTURAL ADVANCEMENT AND THE 
GROWTH OF THE MECHANIC ARTS 

In such a community as the County uf (.'arletoii, wliicli is, and must 
from the nature of thinjjs continue to he, lor a lon^- time, an almost 
strictly .loricultural one ; the above headiiio implies the covevino ,.t s,, 
Itroad an area in a descriptive sense . as to make a volume liy it-rlf, 
even without eiiterinj; into an elahoiale narrative of the inuuni- ra'dr 
detail connected with our i)araniouiit iinlustry. I'ortun.ili-ly, in propor- 
tion a.' there appears opportunity for enlarLitno on the sul'ject, the neces- 
sity sc<-ms to ojMw less, hy the uui\'ers.d familiarity with the pti-seiit 
status and rc'iuiremeuts of a science, the immense imp., ri. nice of which 
is apparent to all, and with whose ]iro-p(tit\ .,r adver.sjty i' iMauid up 
tile happiness or misery of the mass ol our po]tulation. the su, ii-s ,.r 
failure of all our oreat commercial antl methaiiicai interests, and in fact 
the advaiicenieiit or retariiment tif tile nation at lar^'e. 

The develoi'iiieiit antl advancement of the system, which has I'ully 
kept jiaco with all t'tlnr maiiner of impio\fmeiil. has hceii no less 
mark-.'d in this country th.ui in the most favored spots in the realm. 
Tile little lieoiunin^s which, half a century aoo, were hidden hy forest 
shade in all ilirections, have.hro.idened and matured till this I'ontity 
r.iiiks hii-h in the scale of a-'iicultural comniunilies. which to^'other 
conipo-e one cd'tlie mo-1 exteii-ivo, as Well as one of the linest a;,'riciil- 
lur.d countries of the present aiie. 

(jeneially speakini,', the nualities of the soil of Caiieton is !,'uo.l, thou^jh 
tliere is, of i-oiirse. much of its are.i which is ot such a nature as I,, he 
eutiri'ly Worthless. Mo-t of this is conliued to the river fronts ,,1 the 
towii-hip- liordi-rino the (ittawa, ami is of s,, rxireinely rocky a n.aure as 
to In- iiic.ip.il'le of sustainiiio vt.o,.talile orowtli. Uut e\eii in tlio-e 
loc.ilities where such oonditiotis most ahound, there are interminoled 
consi.ler.iole stretches of the linest of land, while some whole townships 
are almost entirely of such compo-itioii as t'l he not only a praclicahle 
hut a prolitahh- f.irmino country ; and. taken as a whole, the <haracter 
.uiil produi.tiviMiess of the soil can hear tavovalde i-omiMii'oii with th.il 
ofauyweknow o, in corres]»oudin;.; latitudes. The lenoth and I'on^e- 
•pient severity of the winter season makes it inipracticahle to jtrofitahly 
i.tisu' some varieties of crojis which oj-nw luxuriantly in Southern and 
\\'est,-rn Ontariii, such as corn and heans. Sonn/ wuieties of fruit do not 
tlouiish, on .e c.oUnt of the inahil'ity of tli.* matiirino se.ison to Krino 
tlieni to that ilej,'ree of perfection which is common in more f.ivoured 
climes, lint it ilucs not appear to he to.i far north for winter wheat 
— many fields of whitdi we have ohserved of luxuriant ^o-owtli, and 
primi-iny the most Hatieriiio returns. Sprinj; wlie.it. .lals. hailev, pea-, 
and rye, .ire orowii in ^rcat ahuudanee, while ve^'etahh-- of all descrip- 
tions, from turnips and maijoolds of the lield ju'odiict, to the liiiesi 
varieties of tahh' dainties, are raised in as ureal ijiiaiitity and of as line 
ipiality as we ever saw elsewhcri-. due allowance lieiiiu' iiiiide for excep- 
tion. d circvim-tances, which are iieciili.ir lo all loe.ilities alike. In fe t. 
tie- ilispl.iys in tint Darticular line, which decked the slenvtahh's ..f the 
Aoricultiiral Kxhihiticai liuildim;sat the late .uitunin fails, i- very seldom 
surp.i-scil in quality or v.iriety even at the Pr.ivii.cial Kxliihition. 

ISut lliouoh Krain an.l roois are so prolifw, these do not cmstitule the 
only prodiic.eins. Carletou is, for the Hie.iter part, a most excellent 
nr.i.ss c nintry-itj soil heiiii{ peculi.irly ada]ited to the orowtli ol that 
clop ; and stock-misin^', wlijc h, as a country orows ,i|iier. hecomes of 
... .Iter i.no tjijatc:' importance, is now <.iriied on in a in. inner and to an 
jxlent which is tiic surpiise of tho-e —.iiei there are niiiiy -iich -who 
lei •■' ^;iit t!i,; i.;ea into their heads that the onlv place where really line 
-1 PI k Is raiseii is in the West. In fid, the list of lueede,-- who iiave 
ac.piired a far more* than htc.il reputation in that lim'. now nnniheis 
many of the " soli.l" men of the aoricnitural populati..n of the County, 
i'ue pi.,neers <d' what is called " >eientilic lai .liiio ' in this County 
are .,s old as the pioneers of the County itself : in faet tiio ,if the chief 
of the-e w.ri' amono the very o'de-t settlers in their own particular 

loe.ilities, and in the County as well ; and as thec attained awid lehrity 

in the e.irly days of the County's hist,,ry fr.iin their iiiiportalions i,f 

lancy sM'ains ,,f 'ihoroiinhlired -toek, we nieiitioii iheiii in this ;iie. - 

lioiL One of the.se was Lieut. Mcxwell, a hall-iia.. iriny otHcer, one of 
the llrst settlers in the Viliaoe of Hirhmoiel. lie took a oreat inten-l 
in imported -lock, and imported lar.;ely from Kiijland .lud Siotl.m.l. 
Hi- specialty was in fancy sheep, of which he liroiiolii in a laioe iium- 
her of various hreeds th,.'n most po]oilar iiiuon_'-t Kid Coiintry -to, k- 
niiMi. He I .s uiidouhtedly the tii-t importer of the Ottawa country, at 
least to iinv (.M-at extent." The other we Innl reference to was a Mr. 
Didsharv, who lioui,-lit out the e,t.it,' .if Ca|it lin Weatherly, one of the 

half-p,iy'olli:er- who lirst seltle<l on the' river fro ft. -Towndiip.if 

Marcti. Mis venture w.is not lonlim-d to anv on.* -].i*, ie- -li..r-e-. 



■alkie, an.l shei'|i heiie^' ani..i;>; his imp.utati.ins. N'.*itli.T of th.*se ;;enth* 
m.*n. h.iivever, seeine.l to liaveha.l their enterprise ii*w.ir.l.*.| us it .li..iil.l 
h.iv. he.n, fan.y -1... k heiii" in tie.-. ■ times .lut ..f r.*a.li of lie* iiih.il.i- 
t.mls, mo-t ..f »*h..in lli.iuoht ih.*iiisilvi*s •• li\..,l " if th.*y . ..nl.l tin. I lie* 
wh.*rewithal to pay lor a native Cana.lian c nv, which could tlieii b.* pur* 
. hased for $» tu tin in money. 



The clmiif^es in this most important branch ofaoricu 
ever, kept p.ice with its other various features, ami 
aiuoiii^ ns siune of the very finest liea.ls of pure bred cit 
the liliust stu.ls of li.irses which can he produce.l in Oiita 
.\m..no the most pr.iminent hreeder:* in 'he Coiiu 
Di.ithers Th.uiiasaiiii .lolin the f.)niier.d' wli..in is the 
of I'le C. unity. They liav.* sp.irul no pains ,u* expeiis 
their st.ick hir the benefit .d a*.;ricultiii'e generally, an 
raisers (d' this section of the c.iuiitry in particular. Oiu 
Thomas Clark, Ksi|.,_t..ok n.. less than ,11 hmrte 
alone at the Provincial Kair liel.l in tin* City .>f Ottaw 
his pure Cly.h'sdale liiu'ses are a h..Useliol.l w.ir.l am.ui 
Ihrou^di ihl* Ottawa Viilley. Wm. II. Hnr.lniaii, 
lil.)U.*e-ter, -till owns, aiuiuio a laroe number of v.* 
mare ami Icrse, which he exhibit.*.! in the "aoricultui 
Ceiit.niii.il Kiliibith.u at I'hila.lelphi.i. an.l .acli ..f 
b.ith 111. '.lals an.l .lipl.unas from the Celili*niiial ('.niii 
C.ina.lian C..niiuission likewise, .\ii.l we -imply iiiei 
;;ciitleineii b.*cause they are the leailin,.' men in tin* 
tliouoh by no nieaus the only ones, as tlie nuiiibt*r of bi 
..111 Carh't.iiMind the superioi .iuality of their st.ick, an* 
C.iunly a lea.liii.o iposilioii ain.iii^' the ;4real stock-rai- 
Ontario, now attiactiie,' sii.li wi*ll-earne.l a.lniiiati.ni 
America ainl evi*ii Kuropi*. 

We llavi* above inaile mention of suin,* of the a;;n.* 
here an.l in this vi.iiiity, an.l iiitimate.l that in many re: 
liaic'l lavourably with tl use ..f any otli.r se.tioii ..f llu* 
.•rally s|.eakiii^'. the lies*, m.lieation, n.it only of the pre 
status of any partieuhir locality, but aUo ol' its aoricnliii 
can be f.iiind by a visit t.. the.-e fairs. The objeit loi 
inau:_'iir.ite.l ha- l.nit; sine* be.-n more than .icimpli-ii. I 
beiMine an " iiistituti.*n " am.iiii,' us just as iiiu.li 
Till* system of p. *rhcti. .11 to which they have arnv.-.l li. 
b.'.n th.* orowtli of a .lay, but the result .if hmo years .. 
|.erim.nt, .lilioeiit a|.pli..ati.in, .in. I sue.essful .Icvelopui.' 
It is now jii-t ab.iut half a c.*ntuiy sine* the tir-t *' K; 
Ol.l liytown : and that what^\.* -aid above is true as 1. 
.I.v.l.ipment .if the iiistituti.in within that time iiee.ls ni 
111.* p.'.iple of t.i-.lny. The wiitteii an.l related a.count 
biatc.l eathcriiio, whi.li lii.ire than rivalle.l Doiiiiybrook, 
till* extrein.* ; an.l the wide contrast which marks theilispai 
L;iaii.|enr of the maj!iiilici*nt Exhibition held last .Scpteii 
(.'ilv .\ori.iiliural (irouu.ls, an.l the abs.ilnt,* Imlier 
original pied.*, essur, w.uihl iii.lieale that in lln* mat 
under notice the nuniber of .steps bi*lw.*en the sul 
ri.li.nhius is not one, but many. The chief •' ■■ 
was a horse rac*. i.e., the i liief sh.iw on the ju 
chiefest show wasn't on the prooramme at all, an.l c 
eranoers and "shiners" alike loailin;,' themseh'es up \ 
an.l then smashiiio ea.li other's liea.ls with the ai.l .if i lul 
wliicli left the black thorns of the ■• ouM s,„i " at a very .; 
Ii. fact, so successful were these fair-ijoers of l^iiti in mak 
..f each other, an.l so iins.ncessl'ul in decidino who w.iii 
that th.* aiith riths .li.lii'i see the 'un ..f all.iwiiio any m.i 
s . an ilitiiili. I w.is place.l upon ll e Bytoivn Kair lienc.*f 
.loiinile.l lunch to tie* coml.iit of i.i.my a ]ioiir Iri-hnian'.- 
remained in force ; and by the time tie* restriction w*as wi 
y.*ars later, th.* puoiiaci.i'ns proclivities of the liytown 
oiveii pl.ice t.i a more civiliEiil ami .nlii.'ht.neil spirit. 

Till* hist li.jvernmeiit moii.*y whi.li w.* cm fuel an\ 
oiven fir the en.'ouraoeineiit of a^ii. ultuial e.xhibitions 
of Carleton, was its^mi mttl share of the U/oislutive ^;ral 
l'ro\in.ial Parliament at its -esshm of lrtt>-lll. The 
;;i*anle.l fir ili-tributi.m anioii^' the varimi- counti.s emit 
\\.i- IJ'il). The plan ol .■ii.*.inr,ioiii,o tlic-e '•-.■h....ls of . 
they h.iv.* be.*n jii-tly ,*all.*.l. by laibli.* u'r.iuts. ha- been si 
iuo'till the County Coun.*il al.iiie Ki'aule.l in 1--7H ii.*arl,\ 
the . iiunty lumls to aiil the County of < 'arlet.ui an.l the 
.\:;ri.ultii'ral S...ielies, as was orante.l by the L.*,.'islat 
c.unlii*- .*! th.* Pr.iv 111*.* (I'l'l'er ami L.iwer Cana.l.i . 
thirty years ai;... The l_'..iinty .\-s.iciatJoii ri*.*eive.l from tin 
luii.l- the vi*ry liberal .l.iiiation ol 8*Mio, ami the City .\ 
fi.im the s..m.* s.airce. lia.*!! al-.i leeeive.l ?7ini Ironi tl 
ernmeiit, a- al-o di.l tin* County .if Ku--ell, to which, h 
liovenimeiit .:.'iaiils, th.* t.iwn-hips ea-t of the Hi. lean I 
wle.le mixhi v.rv pr..p.*rlv be class.*.! in th.* (.'..uiilv .if i 
l!ii-.*ll Kxhibiuoi, i' .innuallv held at the Villa.'e .d : 

Town-hip of I i.-K h*. \V.* thus s.e a total of iri-J, HHtof 

g7.'.ii..f .-..nnty lumls, .,,■ iJ'J.v.-,ii ..f public money fjian 
i..uia^.*ni.*lit, ii. .1 siii'il.- cniiilii, u( a system to suppoil 
was ..iiisi.lei.'l a liberal Lriaiit thirty years a;_'ii, wh. u . 
till* whole Cnile.l Provin. e-. An.l ilie w.ui.l.il'ul -i.c.vi 
ini-nt of ev.*rylhiii.o .■.iniiect.*.! with the seieiic* ..I hu 
C.muly of c.'arleton may be m.-.i-nre.l In the abi.v -l.m.l 

Tli.ie an* six n*oiilarlyoroaiii/..*.l and .itli.i. illy n oiii 

s.ieieiies ill till* County, viz.: ih.is.* ..f the City ol Oltawa 
C.irletoii, th.* T.iwii-hip- of l*'it/i*oy, lilouei*st.*r. Mil. 
li.iwer, an.l inclielinj; the s.e.alle.l Kussell Cmnty Soei 
ami -iiii*w' ..f which, a- above imimale.l. really Ii.* u 

T.iwuships .if llloucesier ami O-v! h*. th.*ie an*sevi*n. 

The towu-liip- above-naim.l hol.l theirannnal hiirsat 
town halls ; the County ..f Itu-.ll fur is hi*l.l in th.* 
she.l ; ih.* Co. inly .il l.'.irl. Ion S... lely ..wu v.iy lili.* oi.n 
iiio-, at lli*ll s C.i'riiei-, ill the Towu-hip of N.*pi*aii, and 
fair (,0*01111.1- ..f the City .if Ottawa an* pr.ibably the lino- 
ex. epii.m, in the Dominion. The iiver.ioe iiniouut of l> 
the ' 'oiintv Sii.'iety i- ali.iut .•?2.ikiiI yi*arly,an.l ill, it by I 
Si.i*i.*iy ii.'arlv gMjiiiio, while |.|ie l.iwiishi|i prize lists alo 
I.I .'J.Mi.i eath. Thi* year 1.S7H wa- a v. ry unfavorable ■ 
.Society, on ac.'oiint of the I'xci^ptionally had . harai*ler . 
whi.h iiia.le tin* linan.*ial p.iri ..f the eiiterprisi' iinpn 
asid.* fi.im 111.* I'r.niu. i.il. tlx*n' was as fun* a oeneral .Ii 
ihim.' .-.lunicl. .1 with lie* pi.i.lii.ts of aori.*iillnre and i 
Fii'ii anywheie m the Pi.ivin..*. 

Oecniiyinj^, us does the seiem*e of aj;ri.*ulture, s.i ii 
in the iiation's intiTi.ir and political ee..ii..mv, aikl tend 

inllllell..* .if tln-e socielii*-, 1.1 bi-ler il- .l.'Vclopmelll. i 
11.. I be .lilt of pla.;.* t.i nice a.lt*laile.! eviilbil . I th * bll-ll 
cf 111.* Iw.i lealing annculluial soci. ties in the ( '.aiiilv. 
refer 1.1 the vear I '-77 |..r Ihe City ..f Ottawa, an.l i-7H 



IF CARLETON.— Continued. 



XI. 



lliis most inipnrliiiit liniiuli cif njjiiciiltnri' have, how ■ 
itli itH titluT varimi.i leaturL's, an<l to-thiy wi* hnvr 
1k' viTV liiu'sl liciuls (pI' pniv luwl cultli', iiml soiiic of . 
mrsi's which caii hi- proiliU'L'tl in Otitiirii'. ' 

-t jtntiiiiiu'nt hiui'dtTrt in '!u' Onniity arc tin- iMark 
mil .Iiihn the I'Drnn'ruf whuni i" thi' |iii'-i'nl Wuiih'n 
lev liavi' s|Mii(l nil jiain'' or I'SiicnM' in iniiinivin;^ 1 

lu'ni'Ht III' aLiiicniluri' );«'ni'i-all,v, ami "I' Ihc stuck- I 
in lit' tlu- (.■ountrv in jiartirnhir. Oni' of tin' almvc — 
|.,— tiiok nil li'SH llian II rnnilwn |ii'izi-< nn rallli' 
icial Fair hi'hl in tlir City ul' Otlaw.i in l>7."i, whih- 
L' horses arc a luiiiscliulil wnnl anum;^ sturk-tncn all 
wa Valley. Win. II. Ilnrilnnm. K*i|., Itccvc u( 
viH, aniiini.' a lar;;c nuinlicr uf very line animals, a 

liicli 1 xliiliildl in the "a^'rienltnral " class at the 

;iim lit l'hilailcl|ihi;i, ami each ut which cirrieil nil' 
lijilonias fnini the Centennial Cunmii.s.'iiiin lunl the 
'inn likewise. .Anil we .-imiiiy nientinn the almvc 

they are the leailiii'' men in their iiarlicular lines, 
IS the uhly nm's, as ilie nnmlier ul' lirieilei> thmnHh- 
icsuperiiii iiualitynftheir stuck. arc rapiill\ ^'ivinii the 
piisitinn ainun;.' the u'teat stnck-rai.^in,; .-cctiiins nf 
acliie,' sii'-li well-carne.l ailminitinn tlii"U.[hiint all 

Knrupe. 

maile mcntinn ol' -nme ul' the a^'riiMiltnral fairs hehl 
' inity, anil intimatcil that in many I'espcits theycnm- 
litli tl use nf any iithcr sei tii'ii lit the iiiiinlry. (Icn- 
c he--, inilicatiiin, nut only "f the prc-cnt ii^'ricMltnral 
•nlar lucality, hut also nf its ai^ricMltiinil i.ipaliilities, 
visit til the^e fairs. The nhjcit Inr which tin y were 
rin -incc liei-n mnro th.iii acnnipli-hcl, anil the\ have 
mien" ammin us just as much a.s luriiiiltn.v it>i-ll'. 
cclinn tn which tlu-y have arnveil has mil, Imwevei', 

a ilay. Imt the result nf Inni: yciirs nf intelligent ex- 
a|iplicatiiin, .mil succe-slul ilcvclnpnu'til. 
linul lialf acenlnry since the hrst " Kair'' washcM in 

that wliaI*\M* -aiil aliiive is trnc a.- tn the snccesslnl 
,' in.-titutinn within tli.it time nccils nn arcunicnt with 
iy. Till- w litten anil rdati-il accnunt' nf tint celc- 
■liich nmre than rivallcil Dnniiylirnek, are laiii^'hahlc in 
he wiile Clint rast which marks iheilisparity lietween tiie 
uii;niticint KKliiliilinn hehl last Seplcmher in (Ittawa 

(iriiunils, aliii the alisnlute luiliirnnsness nf its 

nr, wniilil iielicile that in the m. liter at [ircaent 
nnnihcr nf steps lietween the sulilime anil the 
line, lint many. The chief "hhnw" at the first 
i.i. , the chief show on tho iirnyiiinpne, Imt the 
n't nil the pnifiramme at all, ainl cniisi-icil in the 
ilicrs " .ilikc Inaililin ihem-ehcs uji with "pnteen," 
e,ii h ntlnr's heails with ihe aiil nf rliih- ami ilnriiicks. 
k thorns nf the ** oiihl soil " at a very u'ri.-at lUscnunt. 
til Were these hiir-,L,'iiers of I'^^il in iiiakiiii,' mince-meat 
-11 uiis.icce-sfui ill ilcciiliiiu' w-liii Willi the hnrM- race, 

I iliiln't see the 'uil nf .iIIhwhil; ally niiile hnr>e race- ; 

I |ilaccil upiiii ll e Hytnwii Fair heiicelnrlh, which re- 
lic cnmt'nrt nf Many a pimr li'i-hmaii's lie.el, wliile it 
iiiiil liy the time the lestrictiuii was witlnlrawii. snme 
iiaciniis i-rnclivitics ui the Itylnwn f.ur-;.^'iiers hail 
' I ivilinul anil inli;:hti-iieil spirit. 

mctit mniicy win. h we can liicl aii>' iiai i heiiiL: 

incliielit nf aglii nltnial e.shiliiliilis in iheCniihly 

;.in intn .-hare nf the Li-ni-hltive "rant Vnteil liy Ih'e 

nt at it- -I— inn nf l,Sf--lil. 'I'lic aliinllnl'thns 

innamniin the vaiiiiiis cniinlies enlilleil In the same 

it enciuir.l>;ilin tllc-e "-cllnnlsnf au'licllltlire," as 

ly calleil. liy puhlic ;.T,iMts. has hecn r-tcailily ilevclnp- 
Cniincil aliine .1,'ranteil in l->7« nearly as much frmn 
till the Cniinty nf C^irletnn ami the'cily nf (Ittawa 
... as was nranteil hy the Liyislatuie to all the 
\ lee (Tppi-r aiiil l.nwer l.'anaila cniiiliineil), Imt 
Cniiiit)' A-siiciatJon receivcil frniii theCniinty piihlic 
ll .liiiiatiiin 111 S."!"!', ami the Ciiy A-m ialimi .^ioO 
. Facli al-n receivcil .«7i«i Inim the ihit.irindnv- 

il ilie Cimni\ of llu-ill. In which, lor Agricultural 

the tnwil-hlp.- ea-t nftlle UiiledU liclnll;;, e.! ll the 

perlv lie ilas-cil 111 the Ciiunlv nf Cailic n, as the 
.iniliialiv hel.l at the Villa-e nl .Melca.fe, in the 
Ic. We iliiis -le a tnial nf !<:;, IIKI nf I'liiviiicial, and 
lis. nr ?'*.>^.*i" nf pnhlic mniiey j^ianteil to the cii- 
m;/^ omoiri/, nf a system tn support which $1,1X10 
ral u'l-ant thirty years a^n, when i|i-liiiiiitcil over 
ivinces. .\n.l ihe wniiilerl'nl ;iiic.vth ami ilevelnii- 
ciitinecteil witli the science nl lin-haiiilry in the 
lay lie lina>iireil li>' the almve -t.iiiilaril. 
ilarly nrnani/.eil ami nllicially recii),'nizei! iiniicullural 
Iv, viz. : ihnse 111 Ihe Cily nl Ottawa, lln- Ci unity of 
iiip- of Kit/rny, IJlniicisier, Much, ami Nnrtli 
,,' the so-calleil Kussell County Society, the " hmie 
ll, a- alin\e iniimaleil, really lie in the |iiipuloiis 
-111 anil (l-L,'iiiiile, there are seven, 
iivi-nalneil luiM iheirannual fairs at tlnir ri -peetive 
iMiy nf l!iis„ll lair is Inlil in the .Metcalfe ilriil- 
C.irli '.nil Sim lety iiwii veiy line ni,,iili'l- anil liillhl- 
-, 111 ihe Tiiwusliip nf Nepean, ami the luriciillnral 
il\ "I t^tt.iwa are prnlialilv the tilio-t, with a -in^le 
mminli. 'riie aver.l_:e aninunl nf husillP-s ilnlie hy 

- al t .'^J.iiiHP ycally.aiel Ih.it hy the (lllaw.i Cu'v 

I, while t.he tiiwiiship [irize lists alniie averane sfSM 
lear IM7H wa- a \cry iinfavnralilc one Inr the City 
it the e.vceplionally hail i hariicter of the weather, 
mcial p.irl nf the inteipri-e unpiotitai.le, tlioilL'h, 
mi. it. tino'i' was .IS liiif .1 'teller. ll ili-[il.i\ ..f e\crv- 
ithe |iiiiiluiis of anri.'iilliire ami art- as cnulil iie 

I'lovillce. 

les the -cieiice nf axriciiliiire, so inipiirtant apart 
ir ami ]iiililic.il ccniininv . ami teiiiliiiL.'. a- ilncs the 

icietii-. t'l In-ter It- ileVclnpmelil. it Will piolinhly 

^ive ailetaile-l exliihil - I tie- liiisitip-s transactions 
Lincullnial soeieties in the County. In iloiii^' so we 
for the City of OlUiwu, ami I^Yh for tin' County 



of Carletoii —tlio.se showinys hein^' consiiloreil fairaverane years. Here- 
with they will he fiiiiml, haviiij,' reference first to the City iif Ottawa. 

KKIKll'T.s. 

Cash on hum I Jan. |s|, 1H77 1* '-'l (10 

Loan from (tank «f (Itlawa '.'.601' t'U 

Suhscriptions finin memliers ;tl.") .Ml 



Keceipts frmn pie-nie parties 

tlr.int I rum City Cnmicil 

Dii. C'liimty Council 

Dii. tintario linverninent . . 
Special collections hy Secretary.... 

.Sale of refreshment booths 

(Jatc mniiey 

(■rami staml rccei]jts 

.Stall fees frnui c.thihitors 

Kiitiance lees to s|iorts 

Kent of ilwcllin^ on shnw t,'rouiii|s. 



:.'|ii IK) 

l,;!i<ii III! 

.MIO on 

:i,")0 (111 

;i!ll (Ml 

.'lllll III! 

I.!i-(i ;i4 

7:; '■>:• 
:,;> oo 

1'.' 0(1 

2,")0 m 



88.34!l ;ti) 
K.M'KNiirrriiicii. 

Ital.uice from 1H7."', n' I'lovincial Uxhiliition ?l.ll."i7 (ill 

Interest on loans,,. 1,548 .'i*J 

l>i-ciiiin|s ;i."i 77 

rayinonts, luizcs '.M'Jl 00 

iJii. sports iliclllilinnliallooii nvi( 1)11 

Ue'reshmonts for .Imlges ami employes 1 10 (»0 

I'listane, calls, tele-raphiii^!, Ac :i7 ."lO 

liaiiil.^.U.HO ; liiiil.linn li.iml staml. 81<ii..Vl L'17 'M 

Implnvemelits nil u'roumls, new IIiHir to ilaticin^ hall. Ac iliVJ i^.'i 

.\il\erti-iii;.', prilitiiiLj, slatiniiery. ami liill pnsliliL; 

In-nraiice, .'<(i'J : use nl fiunitiiie, ,Vc., ?i(l l."i.-"i:l....~ 

Str.iw for stalls ami sumlry ilenis 

Impinvuments on Eli;ili street 

.Sei vici's of nUicials ilurinn exhihition 

Sal.iiv nf caretaker 

I)n. Secretaiy-'rica- .. 

( 'a-li on hand 



I",4 


.-ll 


7:1 SI 


-"• 


(III 


JiU 


,"iO 


."lO 


00 


'JOO 


ou 


i:i,^ 


48 



si'-.34'.> :)'.! 

.^SSKTS, (ksTIMATEU.) 

.Main exliiliitinii ;;riiuiiil.H !?i:i,f*0O 00 

liiick hiiiise ami land purchased tn cnmplutu H,.")00 00 

Value of liuililiii,i;s, fences, iVc., at present :17,000 00 

Twii turn-tile- 'JiiO 00 

Tunis, |lu)..s. nipes, ladders, Ac '.ViO oO 

C.lsh nil haml l^j Ki 



S.^iO.^Ho 4(5 



Ll.tlllLITIRS. 



1. laii, (.'aiiada I'crm.incnt l.v.m and Savings Co 8-JI,oi')0 ('lO 

Inteie-l now due on sauie ;!07 fiO 

Loan. Hank of (Itlawa 2,000 00 



Kstimaled balance in favour of as-ets 



i3."o7 .'lO 

.93,"i,;i7'i '.1(1 



The linancial staiem«mt .if the Cinintv Sncietv for I87H i- as 
below : 

KKiKlI'ls. 

Mcmliers'suliscripti.iiis 811211 (10 

(iovernmeiit yraiil 700 00 

Cnuntv nraiil ."lOO DO 

Calcmuiiev ;!(;i 00 

Sundries. ,' 40 ■'•7 



!?l,'.t:;7 57 



KXI'KNIllTrUES 



I'li/.e mniiey 

Township socictii 
( illieeis" -alaries . 
Smiiiriea 



*l,loo 00 

I'.'o 00 

100 00 

;)07 ,'i7 



«1,',127 



Value of buililin;;s ami land 

Uui' liom Win. Corliell, hii'mer Sccrelary. 
C.i-h in liaiiil 



i.illO li:i 
J.'iS CI 
■1011 00 



i.i.viiM.rriKij. 

Nell Knliertsi.ii's ninrtijane 

C'liiitra acciiiint of Win. Cnrhott 

Sundries 



F-tim.itid lial.ince in favmir nf a-ets.. 



.!? 1,068 


84 


. 9 niio CO 


IO(i 


till 


81,071) 


74 


ji'J.ii.s:) 


10 



The County Sncicty is in a very lloiirishinn and prosperous eoiidi- 
tion. Their chief li.iliilily was cniiiracted to pun liase an extension to 
their erniiiid-, which are iinw ample and 1 niivciiient ; contain vei\ enm- 
imidinii- and .iriiameiital liuililiii^:s, a -iilln icin y nl -I. ill-, .Ind-, ,Vi,, 
and a never f iiliic^ 1 u ulct rniiiiiii',' llinuieh I hem a very impnrtant aud 
necossary ail)niict. The chief niliceis are .lohn llawsnii, rie-ideiii ; 
lleniy A. Ilcnnetl and llu;;h (imirly, \'iee-l'ri-iilenlH : linn, .lanie- 
Skeail and Thnma.s Clark ( Warileii), llniiiiiaiy Director^ ; Ilie nsiial 
nnmlier nf Dirccinrs, ami .\il.iin .Milmtt, nf lla/elile.in, Sic.-Trc,i.snier. 
The siiciel\ has. a pn-eiit 'hom /e/c niemlier-hip nf I.V.i meiiihers. 

The society was iii-ijani/.ed in I84.'i, and Hon, .lames Skcud was it^ 
lirst presideiil, and coiiiinned to act as such for a very loiin time, lie 
ha- alway- heeii one nf the nni-t lihirul and pnhlic -pirited men in the 

Ottawa Valley, in cnlinectinn with e»erMllill« Hllicll lended In hiiw.llil 

the material iiil erects nf anrii nlt.iie. Me was al\Mi\.. ,1 h-adin^; 1 \ in hi 
Inr and pri/e-taker himself, and invariahly rcliirned the full ammmls nf 
Ills piiies to the society, lie has aUo been in the liahit of importing 



■Mil 



xu. 



HISTORICAI. SKET 



I 



I'lif IVop iliitriliiiii.iii aniim^' tlio liirmiT< cil'tlii' ('niiiity .|iiiiiililii'^ ol in'W 

Ull.l ilclli.Tli-il v.llii-|i,s ,.r i-llc;.ls .llpl llil^ Iw.'M illsUllMli'llMl ill II HVI-.\[ 

iiiiuy ways III 111,- iH'iiiiMliuM 111' 111,' liiiiiu'i-' wiHaiT, iiinl fli-viiliii^ tli,' 
sl.iiii'liirirni' 111.' lui'i.iiliiii'.il |.r,il','H-i,.ii. As iiii iii-tiinn' ,.t lii, lili.'iiililv 
ill lliiiL .Mr,', li.M! iiiiii-lil l.c iiii'iiliiiii.'il tliiit ill IHi;ii lu' iiin„.Mi',l Miicl 
ilisii'iliuU'.l, til',-, £■''•'• Mi'illi "f I1m\ -I'l'il In I'lii'iiiir.iHi' till' I'li-iiiL,' "I lli'ii 
sliiplf. Kini Villi, Iv .il ri'.i-irii-, Imiwi'ViT, llii- iiuliHtry lu'vn a--iiiiu'il 

II vuiy gic'iil iiia;^iiitii,li', ami .niailually 'li rliiii'ii. 

'I'll-.' liiiaih-ial staU'iiii'iil of llu' i'ily S,i,'ii-ty sluuvs ilu'in tn li,- 
li<-avily ill ilulil. I'l'i'viiMK 1,1 |vT."i, li,i\vi-v,-i', liii'V wi'iv ciiliri-ly lici', 
uii'l in a li,-allliv |ji-,-iiiiiiii-v oimlilimi. 'I'lu' iiiiin'liis ^;ivi'ii Id iiiiinnvi'- 
111. lin tlial yu.ir In lli,' .-.I'-K-, ti.ai iil' OHuwa as llu- si-ul iil tli,' ri'i.vill- 
lial E.vl iliiiiiiii, ran lli-Mii lu-av ily in ilnlil. lait tin- slaluiiii'iil ivl'i'rr.'il 
t" |ii-,iv. - Ihi'iii llu- ,ivnn-i- 1, la vi'i'V lart^i- snr|ilii« nf ii--i'l-, ami lln' lii''l- 
I'liiv,' II u'llii-y ail' .-.li-ailily iclm'ili,,' liiu ilil'l, ami il will .iiily l.ilvo a 
IV'W y,',i: , ,,r-,-m-i,il iMniiiii'niiil |ir,is|.i-iily in iln- I 'miiiiIv l,i n.'ll'-l il- 
liinii;n .illncin'i- ii|i,iii ihis iii.p.t .li'si'i'vin-; iiii'l ,-iil,'i-pii-iiiK s>„ii't\- In 
|iiilliii>,' lli.iiia^jain un lln'ii- li'i'l. 'I'ln.'ii- cnl, rpris,' in lln- iiialkT iil'lln- 
|iiiv,luisi' ,,| -null ailniiialily l,«ali',l ami l.iiiillirill .^inilli'ls, iillil llu- 

>-l''ll r -11, li i',-ally >|ilin,li,l lilliMilr.^- ali.l ni-li,ril c'liliv.-nii-llL'i-s I'l'l- 

i.-.iriying on ii lii->l-, ia-~ Kair in a lil-t-da-s inaliml', i-an:i,,t In- l"i' 
lii;<lily oiininriuli-,!. 

Till- -r..iiii,ls aiv .l.'li^'iilliillv l,.i-.ili-,l .m llu- i-llnnv ul' llu- Ui.l.'aii 
Canal, ali.ul Iw,. iiii|,-s Irii'in llu- r.'iilr,' "I llu- ,il\, liriii',' li'.nmli"l Kiisl 
anil -S..111I1 l,y 111,' ,-aii.il, \\',-sl liv I'.anl, Sir,-,-!, ami N.illli l.v a lii'W 
slivi-t, l,il,-ly iii.i-iu',1, lii-iw,,-n ISaiili ami Kl-iii. 'I'lu-y wi-n- iiii;^inally 
" "iiliianri- ' Ian, Is I. ... I!) a, ii-- ol llu- llr-l iMir,-liiisi--ini,l wi-i-,' 
iui|iiiri'il Inini llu- Di.iiiinii.ii (i.iviinim'iil, lliiiiii;;li llu- i-xi-iliniis i,! Ilu- 
lliiii. I!. W. S,'-,ll, ill, -11 S,-, n-laiy ,,1 Sl.iU- .iiul in i-.-n-iili raliini iil'llu- 
"li|,,l l-.i- wliii-li i|i,-\ H,-i,- ,i,-i^>m-il - liir a iiii-nlv luiiiiiiial -uiii. A 
Inillii'i' a,|,liii,,ii wa- mail,' .|,ii',iiii|,li'U' llu- iiln.-k ,-1' llu- liiu' ri-si,li'iu < 

ami (;r,iiimls ,,!' II, ,11. .Iulm (I't,! i„i-, wliii^li iiia.li- llu- Inlai inva .il llu 

jiaik .-,11111- iM a, r,-s li,-si,li-. ilii,',' 111, in: alliulu-'l )M-nniiiii'nlly 1,, llu- 
imii-i- wliii-!i llu- ,S,i,-i,-iy |,a-i- al an animal r.-nliil n{ Siirill. 'f'lu' iiiaiii 
liilililili^; is vun laii^i- llu- ii-lill',il pari In Jul; ,'iliu.;"iial in sli,i|i(-, willl 
;;i;l'-ri,--', llio wlml,- -iiruu.iinii-,! In ii.iii-,i,i an,l 1 ii|i,ila, aii,l r('i-laii:;iilai 

slia|«-.l wiiij;- i-Mi-iiilin^; oiilHaiiis IV -.i,-li -i,!,- ,,1' llu- ,ii-M;;nn. 'I'lu 

lniililiii;> i- III' wmul, liaiuls,,iiu-ly [laiiikil, ul' , ,nisi,li'ralili' ar,liil,' 
tiiral nil-lit, uriiaU' in rliai.uli-i ami niii,|m' in ili-i^,'ii. Il pri' 
-si'iils.in iiiilt,i.-ili;; ajiiK-ai. 111,1-. anil il.-* ,intliiu-, Inwi-rilii,' al>,ni* llu- tn-i-- 
l,i|i-, i- \ i-ii,|,- rr,.iii I1111.4 ili-lanri-s un i-\i-l-y siili-. ami luLI- lii'-li lu-aillv 

III llu- iiallv iliarniiin; sri-m-s ul' llu- Imaliiy in wliiili il i- sitiial,-,!. Il 
was liiiiii liv liiii.i'ii Wliiii', ill' nilawa. Tin- 1 ily I'liiiiuraliuii lilii-iiill> 
;,-iivu lil-'i.lHHI iiiK.iiils il- I ,,nsliiii-ii,.ii, ami ."JI.IIIKI aililiiiuiial wi-n- tun 
Irilnili-it li\ -niiiiiiiiilin,:,' iniiuir niiinii i|ialitii's. It is mily m-ri'ssiry in 

li-niaik, ill iiu-riiuii with llu- L;r,iiiml- i;,iii'ially, thai in |i"iiit ul' llii'ii- 

iiwii iiiliiii-iL- lii-aiily till- alli-ai-livi-iu'-s iif llii-ir siiriiinmlin;,-. ami llu- 
ciini|tIi-l(-iK--- .Mill riiiivi-iiiuiiL'r III' llii-ir i'\i'iy ilrlail, llu-v air ailinilti'illv 

tin- lilii--t I'm- till- iinr|i,-i' in llu- lluiniiii with llu- -iiij^lu i-xri-|iliiili i-l 

llu- iii'W .\.uiii-nllm-,il l-'.iii lirniiiiil- ai Tiiiiiiilu. 

'I'lu- S,iiii'i\ was iii';4aiii/i-,l in |si;i). Il- iiri--iiil ullii-i'i-s an- : - 

l'Ki;siiii.\r. 11,111. .laiiii-- Ski-a 1. 

Vnii-PitiisiiiKMs.- \. Ki,\vi', K-i(. aiul W. II. Mnrilinaii. l-!->i. 

DiiiKiniiis. Al.iii/u Wii-lii, .M. 1'., .1. M. Ciuiii-i', .M. 1'.. Iii 
Mi.i-aii, 1!,-|,. Il.iai,li,r A:4riinltiin-; A. ]NV-Ki-lliir, l-:-i|., 'I'lm-. rlai-K, 
W'-iiili-ii : M'-L'-i'il Su-W!iil, l'»ari'i-Irr ; It. ('nininiiiL,'-. u.\->\'ai-ili'ii : r. 
\V. IIiiil;-, .Maym- ; .\li|i-i 111,111 lli-m-v ami .I,,liii 'riiniiiii'iin, l':-i|, 

.\i nil-. Us.' II. \V. Cinii-i' 'iii.l li. .l-ilin 

."^i;rv.-'riii;.\.siKKii. A. .S. \V,iii,lliniii. 

'I'lu; uxi.-riiiiiis 111' till' I'n'-iili-nl in iininuiliiin tin- iii->;ani/ali,in- li.iv,- 

ali'i'.uly Ih'i-n n-lurn-il 1,1. 'I'lic Sui v.-'l'n'a-iin-v lias alsii liwn u j' ilu- 

u-'ir/,ii-.< ill llu- iMilsi- Innil tin lii -1 iii't'jil imi nf llu'-u ■'iii<-lii-s. II, 
lu-'Mllial i-ii-ili'iii I'lii' iiian\ yuai- in inniu, limi '\ illi ill,' ( 'ily S, ',-1,11 . 
iiiul ini-vi'iii-ly I'll- many yuars in t-iiniii-iliini willi llu- ruiinly S-n ii-ly ; 
ami iliiiiiiu 1(1 yi.-ais nl'iiclivu liilmr in tin- sui-vii-u ul Imlli, liu liamnlli'i'l- 
I'll liy i»,a<ni'il .iii/ii-i'(.i/ii.ii nv.-r ^l-MHKI in i-a-li in ai.l nl' tlmsp Sm i.-:i,-. 
uliil ]n-i I'l'l 111, ',1 an am .iitil -it' rmitini' wurk wlii,-Ii fuw iii-u r.iji.ilili- ul', ami 
in ,1 111 iniii-i- 1,1 iluil llu- 111. ink- ami prai-i- ul all iiili-n-ti-il in llu- siu-.-i'-- 

(it till' iimli'llakili- lii .Mm-ali, ul .Mi-l.-alli-, i- al u ul llm-.' wli-. 

liavc'ili-\,ili-il a :^n-at aiiuiiiiit urtiiiu-, uiii-i;^y aiul lalinr to tlm- aih-atu i-- 
iiii'iit lit A^^iioiilliin- ill Oils l',iiiniy. llu h.-is liui-n il yi-ais i'iiiitiiiiii,ii-K 
Sery.-liiiisun-r 111' ill,- Un— ,-11 .NL^iit-iiltni-al S-uii-tv ; six yi-ar- a iiu-tul'- 1 
111 t'lii A,.,Ti,iilliir.il .111,1 All-' .\--,irial|..ii ul Onlaiiu .'nii- ul' wlii. Ii h- 
w,i- il- I'n -i.l,nl), I'm- llu- Divi-iun im IiuIiiil; N'. aiul S. Lmai-k, N. an I 
."s. Kuiiln-w, llii--i-ll, (.'arli-loii ami (lllawa. Hi- is |i,i|iulaily rii-iliii- 1 
Willi a Hi'i-at sli.m- ul tin- snri'i--s atli'iuliii!,' llu,- (.'iniailian ixliiliil al ili,' 
Ci-iili'iiiiial, oil ai run lit ol his uxi iliuii- as a t'anaili'iii I '1 nti'iinial Cuin- 
iiiis-iiiiua-. 

As a Vi-i-y iiitrit'-liiiL; |i.iit of .\.;iii*nlliin-- a- at aii\ r-ili- a 1 l-isuK 
ii,-lati-,l i,.ioiii.-i — lIu' li-iiiu-iilluial luaiuli ul llu- imlu-lry ilu-urvi- 
iiii-iiti,in. Tlu-r-- wa- a lluiii, uliin.il .s;,i,-u-iv iii-„',ini/.i-,l in Otlaw.i a- 
Lilly a- l'--''il. 'I'lu- lull' Dr. Suhi-II wa- l'n-ii|i-iit uriliu Sui-ictv, ami 1 ', 
II. t'-iiiu'i-. lunv I'n-iili'iit ul'tlii- /-'i-M /'i-n-i l'iinliiiL;(.'ii., wasSi'i'.-lii-a 
.liiliii 11. ..,ini|ili.'ir, 'I'luiina- Slurnu'r, iiii.l tl. I'. Ilaki-r. Iliu inv-un; 
I'u-lm.i-ti-r, an- llu- mily ^^nnlli'iiii-n lunv liviiu,', liu-iih-- Mv. I'arrii'r, wli ■ 
w'l-n- r,iiiiii-,-ii-.l Willi llu; pan-Ill sm-iL-iy. wliirh uiily siir\ivi' i s-mui iw , 
years, lull wa- l'ulluWL-,1 l.y ,,ilii-i-s |n,ni liim- tu iinu', i-a,h ul' wliii h 
-11- i-miihi'.l afli-r ,111 i'.|iially lirii'l oxisli'iu ■-. 'I'lu' Din-itm-s ul' th-- 
OtIaW'i .VLiiiriilliiial Siiriuly, awaku lu llu- ailvanla'.;rs nl' a jmliriiiii. 
in,-"iira^i iiiL-lll tu hi'irtii'iilluri', ami at Iln- Iinu- salisliiil rr,iiii ]ia- 
I xpi-iu-iii'i' thai -mil a -u, iuty ruiiM luil lluiiii-li a- an inili'i" ml, ni 
or^,iiii/..iliiiii, wi-i-l\ r,,i'iiii-il a lii-.iiii-li in runtii'ition with llu-ir uwii s.,. 
rii'ly, with vi-iy ]if.,iiiisiii;,' rcisiills. Tin- pri'sunl si-a-mi, luiwi-vur, sum-- 
ilissali-li'-il iiu-inlii'i's .luaiii stiii-li-il un imlupi'iiili-nl sm-ii'ly, ailvi'i-li-i-il a 
M-iy lil,,l-,il pli/,' li-l, ali,t tri,'.l 1,1 I'.in-lall Ihu A^li'-llltillal S,ii i,-ty In 
app-iiiilin:.; llu-ir -lunv llu «,-,-U lin-, ii'liii;; that ui llu- lalli-r. lliii th-- 
]ii-upli- -aw llu- ,MMi,' i llu- -lunv ilulii'l "ilr.vv," iiml ii-il liliN pi-i i-i-n- 
III' till- |ili/v- Will- p.iiil. 'I'lii- will pniliaiil; ti-aili lliu pi-upli' wliu l.iK - 

a li-al inli-n-l in ill nialli-is llial " 1 lii-ai i- .sln-nutli, " aina.iui 

wliiili iiiinlil als-i 111' vnv jiuli, iuu-K a, li-il ii]i ui in 1 uniii'ilinii iviih 1 1 , 

many -null Im- il f, 11-- ul' lIu- vu-inilv, liv i.iiiliii,' all inl '^'iiiil , ,-ii 

Iral tail al Ollaw.i, a- lia- li,-,-ii ihnu- wil'i lliu iiuisi llalh riii-,' ,iii,| -ali 
lai-i'Hy n'-iili- in in. 'liv lui.ilitii's llii-.ii-,;liuiii tin- w,'sii-rii pari ul' ilii- 
i'r.niiiii- 

In n-;!ani ti llu- a^iiu'li"!-.! pniiliu lii-ii- ,,l tin- ('uiinn , lli,< ,lilli, nl 
til's iiruriiviiiL,' al a curivui. i--tiiiiali- an- niulliplii-il in iiiiip.nliuii as ih,. 
I.ii'iiilii-s anil "ilivi'iiii'iui's I'm- niatkil iiiL; ami Iniiisp.iil iiiu llu-ni an- in 
ir.-i-i"l. Willi Iwiiiilink niilway- ixti-iiiliin; luiiissiln' (',iiiiil\, lu-si,!, , 
till' Itiili'.ui I '.in-il ami llii< Ottawa, llu-si- laiililii-s in iluM'asi' ui ('aililoii 
iin-siirh that it is luii im iiiiiln'iit iipuii ilu' r-iiiiii'i--i tu i-unln' tu any pai 



tii-nlai- mail, lull tin- sniplns pnwliuts ul tlul 
iii.iiiy ilill'i-n-iit lui-alilii's as thi- niilvviiy si.i 
pulls ami siaiiiins. Tin- iliii'f ul' llii'si- i-, 
111 irkiliii:; I'liililii- of llii- lily r.iiimil liu 
.M III- ,l,-i.iili-i| n-li-n-mi- ilu-n-lu may he -i-i-i| 
^'ul«illl-l,lllllill^' that Oil iwa is llu- lar;;i--l 
111 llu- ii-ival-, any i-stiinati- IuiiiU'iI Iui- llii' 
liiuls its way lu Oit.iwa. wmilil In- piuuly ninji] 

W'l- ran'llii ri-luri' -^-ivi- im laU-r li^jiin-- l.I 
tlnui lliusi' luinpili'l liuin llu- .1 ii-ii- rupij 
ai-i-iu-ai-y ami I'liniph-li-iii's-, wun- niuih-ls aniuiil 
itsull'. Kniiii llii-si- it appeals that tin- num-ni 

I'l-iuals anil 1 Is nn'iiliuni'il in llu- siui liii-J 

I u-//(.s-/i-i- 111 i;i,iii,i-u-i' ami O-uuiiili-, wliiihl 
lutal- I'm- llussi-ll, aiul fur vvlii,-li -i-paiili- t-iwlf 
ill tlliisi- pallii-ulai- arliilis ; -TiiH.'-'HT IK-. In 
|:i liMsh. Ilax si-,'il, ll.-i llis. ,li-,-s«,;il Ilax, l] 
7,'*!I7 yiinl- Iniiiu'-mailu cloth, -l,"i;i hii-li. 
J.ii:'.7 lin-li. small rniil, N.liTii IK-, iiiapli- -ii.:.'arj 
hups ; ami in tin- I'llr pi-uilii,i '-'■' l"-.ivi 1, 

J4I liliiik, :i7 luxes, llii) 1 se ur eanliou, 1.^ 

vai-iiiiis iitlier iiselnl fiir-lieaiiii;^ uiiinials. 

Tin; tiihle ahuve n-feriiil to uives llu- lun-aj 
ami tlio niiinlii'i' 111 lin-lul- uf the vaiimis ullig 
tuwnships, si'pai-ately, ami 01 'u'--. 

„,.„,,.,,,,, N II- iiii-ii. ; liii-ii- 

'^"""•'"- ..r«ii,-iii^ s. vvhi-iii. K.«ii, 

I. Kil/mv ' •-'..Mil' J'i,.V.Il l.!ilii| 

.'. (Iluiu'estir l.-.'s; l;!,-.7l 

':'.. (I'liilliuilni I.S7J -.'n.'-Mi; 71." 

1. lliiiilli-v L'.llll •Jl.:i7l I'.'i' 

."1. .Manh..' -"1117 li-'iMi s;i7 

li. .Mailliiau' I.:'.li:i I l.'.'Ks I f. 

7. N'l-p ail :!,:i.-il L".i.-.'I7 :i.:'.J'-i 

•s. Niiilli (linvi-i- I 11117 •-'ii.iiill 1:m; 

;i. Os-4ii,,,|,- :>,ii:i;t' •.'s,i.-,;,! i,7;ii; 

III. 'I'uiliiiltiiii :(.v.i: L>,--i.-il' l.iic; 

II. New l-:iliiilmruli...j ! 

I:i. Kii'liinonil | 71 "^miI 7-' 

'I'uiai ii;,7iii'i is:!.:i:i:!' 1 i.til'; 



I :;i»,l 14 l.iHi.") i;-- -'^iim' 7:1.17--' •_".l.l.''i 

•J --.Ji'.ii 1711 ri."i| l.'.i.'i'.i' ;i:',.'_".i7 il.lilii 

:t '.i.'.iiiD 7sr I,. '1:1:1 i.i'ii;' imi.'.i-'i-' i.i.in 

1 lii.R.'i-- ll'-l-'i' I. :!!•■- 7111; ."i.'i.il.sl 1 l.iili 

-■1 .•i.."ii;i nil! 7-jr, :iii!i :i.-i.l--7 lii.-_'ii.'i 

(I l,s;i-.' :!:i;i' 1.K17 l,:iii:i li'.'.-'lliii l,n.-il 

7 l.'i.ii.v.' Hiii] i,;ti>4 L'.:is:i ii7.i"'is i;ii,-.'ts^ 

s 7,-''iii!i '-'llii "il-- l.:is7 s-.'.Ji'i."i J.ili;-.'' 

:i Iii,:iii4 11117 l.iii'i.'i l.i;l:i 1 1 l.:iiil 1,7IS 

111 :i7ii.'i -'74 ls| :;'.ii 11.1^7 :),:!im 

II j :i7ii Si 

IJ -"i7."i II 4 :i:l' :i.7(i,s 



'.III. 1 1; 



i.:il I l4..'iJI I l,!i:i:; 7:'.(1,1!HI 14»(,74!t. 



THE GROWTH OF THE MECHA 

In llii- I ''iillil\ ha- In-, 11 ,it .1 li.ilill'- ai. 1 i-i aiiy> 
llu- ii-i(iiii''-iiu'iil- III' the a^ii'-iiltiiral <-"iiiniiiiiit\ 

lilllk uf the puplll.lliun. I''rulll llle \eiy lil-l .sell 

luivth -hol'i', tliiise wliii I'l'ini Iinu- to time r-iii 
-iiles the rivi-i- Otiawa hail always the fai-ililii 
]ila'-i' what I'l-w arlieh-- ul' niaiinta'tnri' i,'eiu-ially 
wants "f the piiiui'i'i- »i-llli-r. I''ui- in, my viais tl 
any siu-li lliiii-'- as a pair of sli,,es or a joii of hla 
iiliiailieil. ami il w.is nut till luii,' ilti r the I'stalili 
-I'tlteiiieiit al Itieliiiuiiiil that -iii\ thill:-.' nl -iM a 
supply to iiii-i-l the ineri'a-inu'lein.iiul fur llu- tin 
i-nteiiiii,' iiilu the li-t ul' iiii-i-s-ariesof evei-vilay li 
It H-ill 111- seen liy n-fen-iu" In the various t 

line 111 the VI TV lilst m ts of tile lilsl settlers ilie.li 

was to esi.ilili-h inillinu li.v. lilies. Then liy ile; 

vaiiun- Irii'le- i.ii me liy um- till, in llie euii 

all utliei- p.irls whii'li liaxe I'uiu* thiuuuh ilu- saiin 
-tile lilaek-nnlh. iar)ii-iili-r, w.^uun-iiiaker, ? 

were all in iheil pi. u-eH where lllu-t lu-eileil 111 -11) 
wants uf llu- p,,piila,e in llu-ir ri-Jjui'tive liius. 

Thel'uMiity pmper i- tie- vi-i-y nveise uf 
mniiitv. Ils.nvii p.irtieiilar ami pei-nliai want: 
ale, li'W, \,-r, siipplict at liuiiie liy liunie iiiilnst 
till- exiilit alniu- li.ive the nueliani,- arts ilevi lup 
111 a--nnu- a iiiure rapi'l slai;'- of i^rowlli lli.ii 
of the piipiilatiiin w,irr,iiit- fnr their own snpji 
euini'.s, ii-s il is mil likely 1,1 iln in niii tinu-, -• 
than a lielil ih-vnlnl in ui-ealer part 1" agrieiiltnn 

Tlure have In-en. ami .ire, in OI*-i\\a. a lari,'i 
turel's nf v.iri,,ll- kilul-, whii'li t, _',-lli,'V illlille 
I'-u-tiirin-,' i-eiitre ul tm iiieati pi'ipuiiioii : ami 
tlu'se will lie ti'feri-eil tu in e->iiiiei'iiiiii with that 

Tliuse nf the Ciiiinty luupi-r Inr llu- tweiit 
ami 1H7I lllie latter lieinnlhe latest ilate in wliii 
slali-ties nil wliii'li III lia-se euniparisniis mn' 
hel.nv -. - ■ 

In llie fniiiii'r voir tlu'ie were Iwenty-m 
uperatiuii, nl whii-h :i were ill Kilitniv, I in illuii 
'.' in llnnlley. -J in Manh, :i in Marllinin,' .'i in 
aiul I in Ili- himiliil. Tliele wiie -i-veii ,.^'ii-l mi 
i-aeii in i;|""' I -ler, Manh, Ni-peaii, t '-/uuil,-, a 

Wulu six eal'llllLi llli'ls, one eiiill ill ( ilnl|,-i--ter 

Marlliiini', ( lsi(,i,,i|i-. iiiul llii'lininiul, riu-iii wer 
I eaeli in I llniu'i-sli-r iiul Nepeaii, 1 ili-lillery 



lUCAL SKETCH OF THE 



It. liut till' -iirplu- |irn.liiit- til' the lii-liU iwf ilcliviTcil iil a.'* 
ivnl I'l.alilii'- ii- Ihi' imIIh.iv ^iiiliniis aiul watiTWiiys have 

-l.ilinii-^. Tl Iiii'f ..fill,.,,, i-, ,.r .Mills,., Otlawa. 'I'ln' 

laiililic- III' llii< i-ity .■.luii.il III' ~iir|Ki--.'.| in tln' I'rnviii.M-. 
iliil li'L-rrllri' llli'lvt" may lie ri'cll lllnliT lllc lUi'l'iT llriul. 
ui.liii^' lliat Oil iwa i< 111!' Iiii^;rsl ile|»il li.r ll.,,- "alhuiiiiu' in 
■a!-, any i-<liMialc rninic.l Ini llii' iiiliiv riainlv, ii|n.ii wlial 
ay til Oilawa, Winilil In- iniii'ly innjcilllral. 
1 lliir.-|iin' jjivi' 111! lati'i- linnii-- In n'|iri'»i-nl llii'^u iirmlinN 
!■ iiilil|>lli-il Inilll tin' iin>il« leiinll- "I' l-^TI, wliirli, .Inr 
mi i'iiiii|ili'lcni'", wiMi' inmli'l* aniniinliii;,' aliim-l tn |iiTli'i-tiiin 
•mil tlii'-i' it appiMi- tlial lln- ni'iiiTal pin iiirl-. in ailililimi tn 
1 runt- ini'iitiniii'il ill I Ih' >iiirii-iliiiu' talili' . wc*if as I'lillnw.-. 
il' llliiiiiT-lor ami (l-j^ninli., wliiili alv iln liuli-il willi lln- 
liissi'll, aiiil fill- wliicli sipaiMii- tnwii-liiii liitals an' lint slimvii 
lalliiillar allirli-s : -TcHl.'-'HT lli-. lnitliT, ;!7,::'1L' ll's. elii'i'-e. 
lias si-i'il, l|."i II.-. ilr.'-M.'il ll.ix, ( yar.l- li..iiii-nia.li' limii, 
I- linnii'-lllail.- clntli, -I,;!.'! Im-ll. appli'S I7(i H.-.. Hi'i'l"'^- 
I. -mall I'liiil, s,27ii|l.s. mapl.' -iiiiiii, (ill ll.s. t.,l.a.'ni, I7!l II.-. 
in till' I'ur prniliiii "-'■- In'av.i', i"> ln'iir, 8 i.tli'i', 1 martin, 
n7 r.ixi-'s, l:!!l ninn.-e 111- carilinn, I,7H1 muskrat-, .iml IlUnl 
icr u-i'liil fni-l.i'aiiii;^ animals. 

111.' al.iivii ri'fiii'iiil In .^ivus 111.' a.'i'i'ii.itt' ami Imsliuls ..f wlical, 
iiiiL.T .il lin-li.l- nf till, vaii.m.s ..tliiT clivals in lliu .sini'i'al 
, .st']iavati'l,v, ami lit Ittht, 



.\ii .i.-if- Itii-I.. [ Il.i-h. I Itilsli. 
iilivl.i;.! ,s. uli,.i,l. r. »lii,,l ll..rl,.,v. 



Ilusll. 
Il.ils. 



I ll.i.li. 
Il.v.-. 



L'.r.lIP' 



ntcr I.-J- 



■y 


... -JJoi 


lln' 


.. l.;nt;; 


11 


. . J,:!:.4 


' Ii'WiT.... 


... 1 li'.i; 


Inn 


;'m:» 



llilllllll-'ll. 



L'."i,.v.u i,!P|ii :i,:i:)ii liii,!!!^ ."ii.-, 

l:i.'.7l f.'.i'. I.'i-I-- Hu,:'.i'.ii l,i;>-:. 

■-'ii.'.'sii 71.". ),i;;:.'. i;ii,j'.i!p i-- 

•Ji.:;7i f-'i; :i,i7'- w.'.tj-- 4!Pi 

i;,."..".ii XI7 l.iiii; '.'ii,:!L';! m 

ii.L'is If. 4,i;ii!i 4i,«:i". r.v.s 

•_':i.'.'l7 ;i,:'.:!!i l:;,i;nj !i.".,77l MiT 

•Jii,:i:il i:ir. "..iwl' rili,."i.v.i '.'.".(i 

'.'-,1."..'. I.7:iil ."1.1117 nil. I'll •.'.!P:iii 

•J.'i.'il I...1:; lilll I'JIIHl ll'J 




l.ilii.'i 

170 

7-1 

r.'.i.'. 
il'.r 

-Hi' 
'.'III; 

iiil7| 



,:;i 1 



11'- .".iii; 7:'..I7J 'J!i.l.".s I I. Ill" 71) 

r.".| l,!i."i'.i' '.i:'.,'.'li7 21,111(1 I.i,:i7'_' :!'.i 

l..".;!:i l.l.'.c' '.iil.'.i."._| l.i.ilii r.l II t'.i 

I. :;'.(■- 7ili: .-.."..iisl 1 l,iil:i 12,7:11 .">.". 

7'ji: :;:)!ii 2."..l'-7 lii,'Jil."il i,4!i'.' 17) 

I,S17 l.:iii:)! H'J,:!:ill 1,(IH4' I,:W4 1.") 

\,\\H L',.b2 !17,iiii.< W.-HA 17.-'i:i •-'-> 

,si,s i.;i--7 .H'.',2(:.". j.Ciii'j H.L'ii; i.". 

l,(Ui."> l.iU:i lll.:!i;l 1.71S .".,:ir.7 HI 

l-l ::iM 11,1-7 :',.:iiii >i:>i\, 17 

:!7i; -Si >\-2 . . 

( :i:i :i,7(iH I(i7' ... 

I 



ll.'.Jl 1 l.!i:ii' ,:ic..1!iii 1 18.7 III '••-'.•-•ii.T 4T1 



r>,r)ii."i 
ri.:»i 

l,llSii 

:i,,s."i:i 
•2.:nw 
.•tiiid.'i 
7.7. 1". 
:i,."iiii 
."i.ii-d 
1,1:1:1 

211 

4i',(ilJ 



GROWTH OF THE MECHANICAL ARTS 

\]l\\ ll:l- I.... 11 nf .1 llallll.- ai. 1 1 . ..l.|. \li I.I In In .p p,i,,. «i|]| 

iii.iii-i.r 111., .uii.iiltiir.il .■nnnimnitx*. ulin Innn ih,. ni-,.;,t 

pnpiil.ilinii. |.'r..iii ih.. M-rv lii-i .si.il'l..|iii.|il ..f Hull, nn tl,,. 

llins.. wlm IVnlti liin.' In tim.' ..nil., a- -..tll.-r- nii Imil, 

|v..|' Oilawa lia.l always tin. fai'ililii's Inr nl.laiiiin^' al thai 

|l.» ailiil..- ..r niaiiiira. Inr.. n.ii. tally -iilis. ivi' th.. piimitiv.. 

|ii..m...v .s.ltlil'. I''..r 111. my vimi- tliis w.is tin. nnlv pla.... 

liiii.'- a- a p:iil' ..f shn.s 1.1' a j..!. ..I' 1.1,.. l,siiiilli wmk .■nii|,| |„. 

\ it w.is unl till lull,' alti T til.. .■slal.li-lini..||t ..I tlii. militan 

1 Uii-liiiinii.l tlial anytliini; at .ill api.r.ia'liiii;^ a -vsti-m ..1 

rt til.. im'r.'a-iiin.l..|ii.in.| f..r tli.' tlu.nsaiul aii.l ..ii.. .-u'tiL'li.s 

. 111.' li-l i.r n.-.-.s-.ii'i.-nf I'V.'iy.lav Iil".', wiw i'm.i .iti,ni|it...l. 

. si.i'ii liy r..f|.iin... In tl... v.irin.is tnwn-liip -k..|,lu.- ihai 

■IV lilst a.t- .'f 111.' lirsl -..tll..|s iiL.i.li |..».alilv ..r I..h n-liip. 

|li-li milliii;^ la, .liti..-. 'I'll. 11 l.v .li.-ii-i- nivi'lianios ..ftli.. 

t Ill- l.\ nil,, till, ill till' t'liiii'si. nf tim.., li,.|.,., jis in 

I'ts wliiili liaM' null.' tli|..M;..;li .li.- s.iliir -tau.'.-..r .U.v..|..pm,.iit 
l-iiiilli. .•aip.iii..i', w.ui,...ii.m,iki.r. sli...ni,iki.r. tail..!, A., 
Imir |i|.n'i.ii will T.. m..-t II. ....li'.! I., -npply tli.' .'VLi'-ii'iiiii-im.; 
pn|..ila.'.. in tlii'lr n.<pi.i.|iv.. Hiuh. 

ily pr.ip.T is 111., vi'i-y rrviTHi' nf .1 inamila. iniiii;; c..ni- 
..wii p.irti.'iilii. ami p...iiliai w.ii.ts in tli.. \aii.'ii- inuli- 
supplinl at hnin.. Iiy Imiii.. imlii-tiy ami l.il.ni, ami i.. 

nn.' li.n.. tl i.i'liaiiir arts .l.'v.lnp.'.l, 11. .r .111. tlirv likuly 

1 e rapi.l .sla;;.. ..f nri.wlli tlian tin' n<.m.|'al im'iviisi. 

lati..ii w.irranl- f..r llii'lr nun supjily, (iiitil Oaili'lnn I.e. 

[is lint liki'ly tl. lln in ..111 linn', snmftliiiii; 1 r ..r li-a 

.■v..l.'.l in i;l'.'al..|' pan In a','l ii'.illur... 
.■ l..-..|i, ami .11.', in (>l',u\a, .i laii;.' niiiiil.. :■ nf maniil'iu'' 
|i..ii- kill.!-, which t. ,.:i.tli.'r .ntitl.' 11 t.. rank as a inaiiii 
lir.'..f m. mi'aii pr..p..rti.iii ; ainl tin' im.-l impnilaiit ..f 
|iif.'rr.'.l tn in <■ .11111.. linn with thul .ily. 
]lh.. r..iiiity pn.p.i (..r ili.. twenty vrars l.i.uv.'i.|i |,v,| 
l.itl.'r l...iin,'tli.' hit. -I .l.it.. in whi.-'li ».• Ii.iv.'any i.'lial.l.. 
Iwhi.li I.. l.,i.H.' cnnip.iii - may 1..- .niiim.r.it.'.l as 

iiii.'r yi'.r tlnii. .v.i.. iwinly-nm. waliT saw-milU in 
Ivliii li :i wi'i'.. Ill |.'iiziii\, I in illnii,|.-i,i., 2 in ( Iniill.nnrii, 
-' ill M.ii'.h, :i in Maill.i.r.i,' a in Nipcin, l> in iisp.n.l, . 
|ni.iml. 'I'lmii. wiin -.-vnii .jii-i mills. iI in |.'iiz|...v, ami 1 
-l.'l', M.ir.h, Ni.p,.an, (l->.'..i.il.'. aii.l Iii. hmnii.l." 'I'lni,. 
11;; iiiiM-, niii. ...Il h ill (ilnm.-iir. (i.iull...iiiii, llnntli.. , 
...ill', ami lii.'limnii.l, Tlni,, wir.. («.. wi...lh'n l.icl..rii -, 
Im'.'.-l.'r aiiil Ni'p.aii, I ili-lillury in N'..p..an. 1 li|...wi.r., 



I 2 laiiiiorii.s, ami I -liiiii;!.. mill. Th.. iinmlii.r ..f tl tlicr ti'a.l.'.i csta- 

lilishm.'nts i- ii..t ^iviii Inr ili.'it y.ar in tln' ..lli.i.il >ta(i-lii:-. 

In l-ill thi. iiiinil....ri.f si.im. nf thn alinvi-naiiu'il t'stal.li»lin..'nfs lia.l 
ili.cri.asL.il, wliih. nthi.i'H .if ililht'cnt kin. Is li.i.l sprung i(p. Tin. Inial 
of tlmsf ik.scriptinli.s i.i.|...r(i'.l l.y (lir li-iisiis i'iiiiiin.i.at..rs fi.r tli;it \'('ar 
wa.s as f.illnn- : :i '^rial mills, 17 .saw nulls, I .aiiliii..,' mill, I W1...II..11 
farlnr.v, H faatiurius, 1 Itreucry, I carriayu factncy, 4 ashurii's, ami -2 
liricky.ir.ls. 

'I'.'ii yi.ars latur thu (_'..iiiity .shnwuil 11 list nf imiiitifuctnrius cninpri.s- 
iuii I aLjru'iiltiir.il iiii[iK.im.|it f.'u'tnry, 1 l.aki'i'y, :'.7 l".nt ami hli..(. i-stal.- 
lishmi.nts, I l.ri.UL'i'y, 2 liri(;k.\ai'ils. 1 I'hL'i.s.. fa.'tnry, ■". rahiiiut facti.riiis, 
(1 cat.liliL,' mills, (. t'.irp. 'liter simps, I'l carriai,'.' shi.ps, (i n.np.'i'ani.s, (> 
ilri.ss.iiakinn t'si.il.lisliim.|irs, 1 fniinilry, ."i i^iist uiills, H liiiiu kiln.s. II 
sailiU.. ami liarm;-s simps. II saw mills. 'J ..*liim4l.. mills, I st..m. cilKin..^ 
ustahlishmi'iit, II taiim firs, '2 1 t.'iil..r sh..).-, IL' tiiiwan- wnrks, ami I 
wi...lli.ii I h.tli fautnry. 

Tin; a._;^rt'^ati.. amniint nf caplt.il iini-su'il in tilt's.' imln.-trii's was 
.*!il.'<:;,llntl ; tin- .'ivt'ra..iL' liilnilit'l' nf liamis cinplnyt'il, 44:1 : aVL-r.-inc yi'ail,\' 
am. .lint ..f wai^.i's, .S'.(4,1'_M : vain.' ..f raw maturial miisniiu'il, .^;{,">4,!I2^ ; 
ami nf till' m.iniifactnri'.l pmiliU'ls, .■'".III, '.17'-'. 

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE. 

'rakvii in tliv al.-lia.l, (hi- litm iniplii- wli.il it h.i- hm n lln- iilii.il. 
aim, ami aii.\iiin- snlii'itii.l.' nf ih.' .i^reatu-l stali.-m.n. i.aliint-, aii'l pliil- 
i.snjihur- fintn till, ninst ii'inntv aif.'S tn niaku it, latln'r than wluit it 

rwilly is nr rvur In- l.i.i.ii. Wc liii.l that llnri' was pn.l.al.ly 1 .' ■".jn-- 

lii'i'" in tlios.. pnrliniis nf |h|. i-ailli wlm-i. inhal.ilaiils wvi.. a- Ca'sai 
Il .1111.1 i.ur am I'-lnrs a half .'. ntiiiv lu'lnr.. tli.. Ohri-lian .'la — " w illi..ui 
taw, with. lilt m.innrl's, Ir.'i' ainl nni'..-liaim..l :" ami III. 11 in pri.p.n linn 
a- llii' mn.--ity am-e Ini if- ■■a.lmini-lrati"n" llii' h-s nf it wa- pml.al.lv 
a.liiiinisit'ii'il, imt sn iiimli Irniii th.' .Ii.fi...|s ..f tin. vari.ins syslrms, nr 
till' inipi.|l(...li..iis nf tin.ir ...\....iiii.i.-. as liniii tin- inli'iininnlin;; nf lln- ii. 
nnm.'ial.l.' .iLnni-taii.'.'- an. I I'.a-i- whi.li in th.- lii-t pla... .ii.al.il tin 
in..rc--ity nf tl... in.li\ i.lit.il l..i. _; i.-iiaim-.l l.,\' th mm 11 11 ily. 

It -1. hapi'.-n.-, fri.m Ih.. 11, '.nn. nf ihinn-. that in piii|.nili..ii a- . i\ il 
i/ati..n im ic.a.-i's, sn iilsn in rra-i.- th,. m.,',.s-ity nf liaviiiL; tint ..nly .1 
i'nm|iri.|ii.iisiv..(;.Mh.nf law l.iit a laithfiilami fi'iirhss L'.M'.ntinn ..f tli.'m. 
.Sniu.' 1.1 th.. hi'.illii.n iim' lis havi. Irft ns tin. 111..-1 lii-ir..n- ...vaiiipl.- ..f 
th.. tiiuniph ..f a -..ii-i- nf .inly In llir laws nf th.- r..tiiiii..nH..allli n\ m 
all -I'ml.i.iii... tn fitlii.r pity, Inve, nr f.'ar. lii-lam'.- ai.' 1.11111. .imi- in 
whiili -..lis have nnii,. tn tlii.ir death l.y I'niiiman.l ..f ilnir nwii f.itlui-, 
Inr a vi..laii..ii i.f tlnir .'oiintry'- laws.' 

'I'll., hi.ii.i. iliai.i..t..r- nf i..pr..-inlalivi' ni.ii nf Inathili n.ilinii- ililHi 
-..m.wli.ii I1..111 tl... ii..l.li. tiaii- "I '.111. .\m i..|it- nmhr ilif .Mn-aii- ili-pi 11- 
-alii.n in this that wln-r.as, in lli.. f.irmt.i. th. ir In.- .. I. .111. 1 .I'lty tn- 
wanls, thi'ir iniinlry wa- tli.ir..m. ^nat ami rnntrnllin^' i.iimipl.'., in 
till' latl.-r tin- l..v.. .I'f lln. Siipr..ni.. linhf, ami a ni..i.iliil jn-tii'i' tnHaul 
Mis in.livi.lnal .nalnri.s, w..|.. tin- .lii.f ..ml-. .Anmn.,. ih.. fninnrwi 
-i-i' va-t iinpiri--, ill.. f\ iiK-n. .-s ..I' wlr.-.. ._;raiiih.iir r. iii.iin tli.. wi.mh.i 
..;' many .■t.ntnrii.s nf .-iicn-sms ; whil.. ih.. I.itti.r, ilnir |n-t law- ailmiii- 
i-..'iv.l Willi a U'tiipiriiiL: nl imn'v. 1i,im' I'ltiti-il a kiiijtilnni wlii. h -hall 
livi' whi'tt ti.i' iiiarl.l.' ami l.ia-- ..f lli.- (iri'i.k aii.| l!..iiian Tiiumphal 
.Vr.h.- shall hav.. iiinMhl..|'i..l In .lu-i, ,iml tln' ].laii.- wliiili ^avi' tli.in 
l.iilh -hall 1..' f..r..:ntt.'n. In fart w.- liii.l tli.ii Jii-li. 1' aihiiini-i.ii.l 
with I'.stl'iln.' -..vi-iily alwav- t.-mls t.. .1 lyraiili\ , ami nlily aw.iit-th. 
iiinim-iit when ami. ill. Ill aii.l waiil nf rliarily -hall .■..iiil.iin. In lill tin 
l.riasl- nf I'ithi'r tin.' mak.r- nr a.liiiiiii-trat..i's ..f tin. law- tu Lrminali- 
ill injn-lii'.. ami i'i.riiipli..n. Siuh pri..,.,.,liii_;s inv.iiial.ly .l..f..at llie i-inl- 
nf Ih.ir aiilhnr- l.y prn linn i..si-lan.'.' ami i.v.ilt. 

'III.. hi-t..i'y 1.1 all a.L;.- i- r.pl.t.. with . xaiiipl. - nf tlie truth nf thi- 

thviry. In the .ii-.. ..f tin; Mntln-r ( '..iiiilry, lln- Liiviim-Iaiici's 1 m-i.tu.l 

Willi tln-.-Lintin^; nf lli,. ^i,l-lla ( liarta arc' the nm-l -Irikiiin illii-tiati..ii. 
.■\li.| allhnii-h the livil aii.l leli-inil- Iil .'ity aii.l .-.inalily ..f ev,.iy I'.rit- 

i-li -iil.|.'.l wa- Ih.iel.y ill li ly - .-tai.li-li.-.l, -till 'w.- lin.l ihil in 

i.nr i.wii 1 ..uiilry- hislnrv, .iii.l witliin the imim.ry ..f many ..f th.. pn- 
-.nt n.'m'iali..ii, tlmse prim iple- hav,' l..'en rnthh's.ly vi..lal..|, with 11. . 
In.pes ..f r,.,lies- lull in nlhllimi, whirli ha- tliiealen'i..l rana.la mi s.\- 
eral ...'. a-iniis lr..iii -imilar . ,111-. -, .in.l l.e.ii a -l.-ri. i.-.iHiy .11 l..a-t ..m . . 

Well .1.1 many nf 11- iinnnil,..! h..\v nml.T lli,' " KaiiiiU C.mp.i. 1 " 
Ih.' wi.t.'ln:.! I.iws wet,' nmr.. wri-lili. '.Ily a.lniini-t.'i'.il, lill th.' .\.lmiu- 
istialimi ..f .liisti..' l.e.am.' simply a far,.. ; I1..W pliant ami -(.ll-cekiiiLr 

.liiil.n.s " stnnil in " wi h the nnviTiiin^; •■ Kiiin," ami the r riis nf th.. 

Ciiil- lie.am.' -imply a ni.iti,.r ..f e.,ii\ i. tiiin th.' p..liiii.il .'iieniii- nf the 
(■iivernini.nl mi the 111..-I lri\i,il , liar>;e-, ami ,i. .plitl lie,' tli<.il lri..|i.|s ..I 
th.' III. .si h.. in. Ills ..th.ii,',.- ; aiel li..w, ..11 aernnnt nf the il.'liaiil prn-titn- 
liiKi nf th.. laws t.i -nit p.iliii, al emU. ilie iiias-i's weru ,lriveii i.i n-i-l l.v 
fnri'.' nf arm- ; ami lli..ii-!i h.r a tim.' ..vereniim. I1..W their prim iph- 
l.e.aim. .'n.,'iafte.l ii].nn th.- li,..irls ..I ili,. -nat ni.i|nritv, lill lli.. iisiirp.r- 
aml auth..rs .if a l.iil.i..l ami -ii1.-.i\ieiit jmli.i.iry -v-1. in w.i.. ,.l.|i.;...l 
t.i -t.p .I..W11 ami ..III, t.. make rnmn l..r hiiur in. 11. 

It lli.r.'h.r.. I...I1..V1.- evi.iy h.ver ..I Iii- .'..niilrv I.. i,.-aii| with th,. 
nin-t aii,\i..ii- -nlii itiule, ami' a-i-l l.y e\i.rv leas'mi.il.l.. ■im..iiis in hi- 
ji..W'er, th.' jii-l ailniini-lralinii ..f th.. law-, f.'.r npnii ill.' |.in|.er .\.liiiin- 
istia(i..ii ..f .lit-ti.e m.iyl.,' -al.l I.. -1,1ml, aliim-t .is inn. It ,1- up.. 11 lln 
laws tlii'in-elves, ihe wlmle ai.li fmiii .eiilr.- t.i .in nmhr. n..., an.l 
frniii h.iiii.lali..ii t.. .'..p..--!. .11,. iipnn wliii h n-is llie -nei.il ,-triiiliiv. ami 
p.ilili.al .'Si-Lii... nf the ('..iiini..iiw,',ilili. 

.\ltli..ii,-li th.. ('..iinlvnl t'ail.tnii ha.l m. niniii. ipal e\ist,ii,e till 
seveial years al'l.'r the ...iii-e- al.nv.. i..|erie.l In li.nl 1 iilminateil in the 
trmilil..- nf ls;i7-:w, -nil ii w.i- ih,. \i,tini, ah.nn with all ..tli.r 
ei.iinti.s in I'ppi.r Cana.la, ..f Ih.. verv iiiil.iir sv-ieni ..f "a.lmiii 
isteriii;.; iii-li.e" wliiili pii.vaihil f.a' a' minilier nf v.'.ir- alter ih.' 

I.ei4i-laiiv.' Ini f lli.' ( 'ana.las. 'I',, tin- al.n-,' ..n,' .'.f tin' .linl a.l- 

.jiimts nl ihi. iiiiii.|i-,hl|.-t,..l " |.'i, II, h ,l,,iiiiiiati,,n ' the I'niKilv ('.,1111. il 
nf (_'arh.|..n wei.. anmiii; ih,. lii-t (,. rai-.. ili.ir v.iiie ; ami tliev lai-.'.l il 
in tin niii.'iiiiin Inn.., a- th.. f..lli.«ini; r. -nliiti..ii, wlii.li wa' i.a-se.l at 
111.. .I,.iiiian S.— imi, is.M, «ni .|i,,jv. |iiiii|,,|i,it,.|v afl.r lln'reailin- 
..('III.' Kin 1' Cniniiiitle.'- I!i.p..il, it w.is 

" .\l..v.'.l l.y .Mr. K..|il..ti, s n.l.jl l.y Mr, .\llaii, ami /,'<.. /,',./, 

"Thai in (li.. ..pini..ii ..f thi- ('.ninejl (vlewinn.as ilie\ iln, willi e\- 
tieiii.' al.inn, llie li.avy .liair.;la- iipmi th,. ('niiiitv Tiea-iiier l.v th,- 
Clniirman nf llie (,iuait..| S.— i,,ii-, ,iii,| ,',tli,.i. .|ii,ti, ;.s, in |.iv,.r ..f 111.. 
Ch'tk ..f Ih.' I'.ii,,., ami nf 111,. ,s;li,.riil, i,,,,!,.,. ii,,. .\, , ,,.,.,,.,1 |,i,, s,ssi,,ii 

Inr .■..|l-..llilalill;; III.' Ails relative tn jlllnl's). it is |h,' l.,,liml.'ll ilutv nl 

th.. I.i',i;is|atiir.' t.. r,'vi-e th,' M\ : ami 1,1 s,> mnlil'ii Ih, .It iiv I'li.acs's a- 

In linhl.n Ih.. .'X., ll.il. ml e,.-| -n. h pineess .'llt.'lils in til,. p|.,ipl,. nl 

I'pperCali.i.la ; 1(1 

" Th.it (In- ( '..1111011 .l.pii'.ate-, ivprnliates, ami lepH.liales the shanie- 



J?"^^ 



COUNTY OF CARLETON. 



Iiil limtticu ol' ovunvliol'iiing Ihem i>y smlilliii;,' their siimll lociil Irra- 
^uiius witli the i'ViM'-iiici't'ii<iiiK fxpcusi'S nl the Admixihiuatihn of Jus- 
TicK, wliih' the peojile nl Liuver (^uiiuhi liuve the rc^t,-. t.n- the like 
mlinini-itialiuii jmiil ,,ut i,{ the I'voviiuiiil Tiea^un-- -l.v wliieh stmlii'-eni 
the |iec)|ple i.r rpper ratmilu ,\ie not .'iilv hiir.leiied with siieh iiiejeii.-iii^' 
e.ists .if llieir nwn .luiliiial .\(lii\iiiistmtiiiii, lnU willi at lea<t twci-tliiriis 
ul .such ailmiriistiatiun in Lciwei- Caiia.hi -a Legislative extortion wliiili 
sliouM he ivsisteil hy all hiwl'iil means. 

" 'o-o' ', liiither, that tlie Wanlun transmit a eopy ol' this Hesnln- 

tiou to th.' I'lovineial Seeretai'v." 

At llie January Session ol lt-r>2, the resistance to the then ohnoxions 
Jury system took lorm hy the jiassiv.^e of the lollowino resolution : — 

" :ill.— Mi.viil liy Mr.' Kenton, seeomle.l hv Mr. Allan, That a s]ieeial 
t'onimitli'e he a]ipointeil, eonsislin,;^ ul' the War.h-n, and Messrs. Lvou, 
-Vllau.anil liilliuHs, ami the moveraoilral'l a piMilion to the l,i';;i-liiiure, 
laayiu),' for the repeal or auiemluient of tlie -Jury Act,' in or.ler to 
lessen the learlully exorliitnnt eharnes upon our own as well as the 
other t'ounty Treasuries in I'pper Canachi, under the jirovisions of tin.' 
said .\et ; 

" Tliat the several Reeves do procure as many iiauu's to the .slid 
I'ftilion in their own niunicipaiities a.s ]iossihle ; 

"That the Wanleu do cure-pond with anil solicit the en.uperatimi of 
the seveial Wardens or I'ouuty Munici]ialilie- in I'ppi'r Canada, and 
also the memhirs i,t the Provincial Parliament in the adjacent counties, 
in larlherance of the said ohject. Carried." 

At this .Session they determined to "cairy the '.'ar into .Vfrica" hy re- 
lusius; the " sinews'' to the parlies entitled to the sauu' under the'Act. 
We ivad, 

"-1!!. — M.ived hy Mr. Bowell, seconded hy Mr. Workman, That the 
Treasurer of this Cuuncil is hereliy authoii/ed to jiay IVoni the ','ounty 
fluids all -ucli accounts as have heeii auilited hy the maL;istrates ill 
l>)iiarter ,><essioii>, aii.l cert died hy the chairinan thereof, that are approved 
hy the I'oiiuly .Vuditors. Ijo.-t." 

.Mill the withdrawal of ISytown from the County. a dilKculty arose as 
to the pro]iortioiiate expenses to he paid hy each niuniciiialitv in the 
maiiilenance of the jail, and in the records of the Si|ileMilier -pecial ses- 
sion, iMiii, we liud the followinf,' : — 

■'!!.- Mr. (Irant moves, -econded hy Mr. (Vb.iu^diertv. 

"That il he ail instruction to the County .Solicitor that in drawino up 
the ugreement hetween the Cily Cor)ioratioii and that of the County of 
Carleton, the Cilv Corporation shall pay lor the hoard of the prison- 
ers , -en t Ironi the city ut the r.Ue of twenty-live cents per day for each 
day or part of da.\ such ]iri-oiier or pii->iuei's m.iy he impri-oned ; and 
that the >um or sums to he paid tor -uch -upport of prisoners shall he 
]<aidlothe County Treasurer at the end of everythree months. Carried." 

At the first nieetino of the old l)i-trict Council, the expense of the 
-Administration of .Instice wa.s provi led ha hv the followin;,' liesolutiou. 
The amount was thought at that time to he a very liheral allowance. 



•■cii. — Mr. Pit. 'ley niovi-. -econde.l l.v .Mi. Sniytl 



lied. 



'That .S"i(Ki he apinopriated to tin- .\dmiiii-liati.ai ..f .la-tice. Car- 

Tlie inerea-e in the amouiil ot' work perlMriiied can he iud:,'eil hv the 
e\]ieiiseol that hiaiich of the County puhlic -ervice the pa-t \e,ir. The 
li.gures are j^leaned Ironi the puhli-hed report of the < 'oimty .\uditoi.< :— 

1CCT8, TO WHICH l-|l.\Rat:D. IST gl .\RTKH lil* gl'.VRTBR.l.JU gC.XRTKIl. I riHil ARIKK V K V It 1-77. 



(liilaiioOov. ai.rl...,Si2,!)Mi.l):!.«l,-}!»l.'';)jSI,:i!Mi.lil^4,ii-'2.!l4 8lMi,:ili--.:il 

Couu HouseoHic'sac. 1,1:57.(12 Jdii.nii iT-'.M (ilo.Jl i,4:il.i',7 

Siimiuary Justiceac. i'.il.l'iO 2:io.:)ii 

Jury account I.:i;.'ii.:!li l,-2ii,-|. 10 

.lail account :i--lp l.'i Mi.-'o 

l!.;;i-try Office acct.. 7:!. no 

l.imalic aci .lunt ;i'.il.|."i l-'-.H'^ 



Totftls 



:;i1.:H.*!,4;)4.-I( 



:ii4.iii .-to;!. i-"i [,-j:\: 

lKl.."iO :i.:S!i,"i. Ill c.iw:!.!)!* 

7;iii.27 l,(i(l:!.n7 :;,2;i4.(M 

IJl.-Mi -.i^i.-.U ."i7."i.h4 

,s.-,.iiii, !).-).iiii iii):i.4:! 



!i:i,7(tt.!):!;8i),92.').8li|8l2;ur)2..-):i 



Aj,'aiiisl tlie^e amounts, certain sums arc credited. The following 
tahle shows the total expemliture, the amount- with wliiidi the several 
a counts are credited during the year, and the lo-t e\pen-es mer and 
all IV. • r.-.'ii|it-, uu.l.-r th.- various liea.l- of ihe A.liiiiiiisiraii.ni of Jii>ti. .■ 
D.-parlineiit : 



srHulviRlox or Accorim. 



j UKO^H RXPK.V- HKCtar". US fcXPRV^BK IIVBR 
I nlTCBR. ^.\MK. RRCRIl'TS. 



I int.irio (Jovernmeiit account Slii,'J!l's.:!li ^:l.'.)4l.sii ^(;.;i.-.il..l.-. 

('.cut Hon-.- ii|Hce^ai:ei>unt :i,l:)l.il7 MKi.iiii o,|;(| n; 

Suniniaiy Jusli'e aei'iiunl 1.21."i.J.', l,:;i."i.i.'i 

.iiir\ ac.'.uint (i.i.:!:i Mil ■•."1..-1I1 .'i.ill--. I'.l 

,lail account :i.:!:i4.ii| :i!i.:;ip -J.l'.il-I 

H.vi-tiy Oftici' aec.ainl .■i7."i.-l l.'il.riii liM.;;! 

Lunatic account i (l(i:i.4;! ili;:!.i:s 



Totals 



?:i:i,4:.i.-i;ii *4,!ii!l.(iii 8l>>,.-.:!l.-f7 



There are many other it.'iu- wlii.li -hmilil he added in older to linil 
till' true .:ost of this department within tin- past year — such as the fair 
share of the Iiit.'ie-t ac.-ount, Piinlino account, Liw Kxpeiis,' account, 
A'.'., hut which eaiiii.it he arriv.'d at ex.-ejit hy a va-l ainounl of tiguriiio, 
and then only approximately. The Interest a.-count alon.' is a serioii- 
it. in, an. I i- iitiii.i|ialiy payahle ..u a.'.-.iiiut of money- hori.iwe.l t.i er.'ct 
the coillit\ htiil.hng-, whi.li ar.' se.'.m.l t.. n.m.', tak.-n all.i.,'itlier 
which ue have sien anywher.' in the e.mntry. They are, heyoiid di-pnt.', 
a civ.lil t.i the Couiily of Carleton, ami an ornament to the City in which 
they are situated. V\'e will notice them m.ne at length in our .h'-.-iip- 
ti.jn of Ottawa. 

There is still a .litl'ereiice pending hetw.'eii the County and City a- i.i 

wh.thir the lall.-r -li.iuld iiol Irihut.' an .'.piilahle shar.' I.iwar.ls th.' 

.■re.iiou anil maintiiiaui'.' ..fill.' Courl -ll.iu-e. The view of the County 
in the matt.-r i- .spres^ed hy a It.-.diili.ui wlii. h pa-sed the c.inncil at 
th.' June S.'— ion thi- y.'ar, a- hillo'vs : — 

".•|.-|. -M.ivi'.l hy .Mr. Stewart,. s.'c.illiled hy Mr. I Ir.eli.', ami Itis.ln.l, 

"That eoii-idei'ing th.- jir.'-.'iit Coiirt-ilou-e ua- .-recl.'.l an. I is 
maiiilaine.l at th.- s.ile exi>eiise of tliv County' 'u. that th.- City ..I 

Ottawa has re.'eive.l all. I -till c.iiitiniies lo ri- < ti-e of the same 

without paying any cimiM-iisation therefo* ' .'...■ 'oiinty : and thai the 
t 'oiml\ isa.lvis.'d that it has a v.di.l .'lain> - •. in iaw an. I in .-.piity l"i an 
ji.l.'.piiit.' .■.impi'ii-uti.iu, ti.ilh in respeci. ..' ihy. "iginal co-t of tin- -ai.l 
liiiildiiig as wi'U a- lor th. m.iiiitenam:.- '(ler'jof ; 

"Therefore, Ihe Wanlen is herehy instrui'.ted ami I'Uipow.'re.l to take 



sii.'h measures as may he necessary, either in the way 
rangemeut, arhitnition, or otherwise, in order to ]irocui 
of Ottawa su.h .1 settleiiieiil of the whole matter as tin' 
.ntitle.l to re.eive. Cairie.1." 

With.iut expri'ssing an .ipiuioii as to the nu'rits, &i 
it a pily that lli.' Citv shoul.l .lill'er with th.- (huintv in 
relating to the material inl.'r.'sis of hotli. Th.' Conn 
liainl, has hen extii'inely liheral with its-upp.irt and .-li. 
enli'i-prises williin the (.'iiy which have come an.l ask 
ance. 

Allh.iiigh the early ]io|iuhiti.in of Itvtown was com 
extent ..fan e.\tr.'iiiely tuiliuleiit elem.'ut, which was at 
of law-alii.liiij» citizens, an.l altli.iilgh th.' presence of .• 
p.dili.'s an.l religion li.is hciiueiitly heeu ihe .ause of m. 
ri.as, iherc have hi-.'ii an .xcee.lii'igly small niimher of 
committi'.l wiihin the C.iunty, h.- a . niiiiiHinity of its 

letioii. It is , laim.'.l that tl Iv iimnhr co'inmiii.-.l 

of over a half-cnlury was that ..f Hon. Thomas D'Ar 
.loor of his hiiariling-house, on O'Connor street, Ottawa 
an assassin, on.' Whal.ii, wli.i was afterwards tri.'.l, a 

e.'ule.l hirllie <l 1. His iriiiieand trial ex.ite.l, heymi 

the gri-alest lo.al, puhlic, and geiu'ial interesi of an.v I'v 
or .judicial Uiiluie which .'V.-r .ncurri'd in the histiuv 
Carleton. Hon. ,1. H. Cameron, Q.C.. and Hon. .M.'c 
d.'fen.le.l th.' prison, r, whii.' .lalii.s l I'lieiHv, l,I.C.. .. 
secnteil.aud Ju.lgo Wil-oii -at on th.' hen.li. The t 
(lays, an.l the jury were l.nke.l up over a w.-.'k hehuv 1 
dnt -the pri.-oni'r heiiig linally hnin.l guilty, ami exec 
Though il was universally lu'lieveil he had licc.nnplices, 
making a -igu. 

•' I'.il.iw will he foiin.l the nami's .if tin' incumhi'iit- 
olHees conuceled willi the A.liiiinisirali.iu of .Justice in 
getlier with theii salaries as far as those amonuls can h. 

Judge of 111.- C..uiiiy Court.— William Air.l Uoss. 

Inui.ir .Iu.Il;.' "f th.' (.'.uintv Court. — Hohert Ly.ui. 

Sherill. Will. I'-. Powell. 

D.puly Sh.'ritf. .\rtliur P. Shi'rw.iod. 

clerk of the Couiily Com t. Clerk of the Snrr.i.gale C. 
Clerk of the (.'lown an.l I'l.a-. .lames Praser. 

( 'ouiity Ci.iwii .\tli.riiey aii.l Cl.rk .if tln' I'.'acc. -h 

Masier-in-Chancrv. U'm. M.iishall .Mathie-on. 

Oov.'rnor 'if th.' Jail. Alex. W. I'.nv.'Jl, SHIlHI. 

.M,.tron .if the ,lail. Mrs. Wil-.m, 8'.'5(). 

Surgeon to the .lail. Dr. Cliur. h. S'.'llii. 

Tiiink.y-. Th.iina- I)aL.'L', •'*.''>.">ll ; C-org.' .lohn-l.m, 

Couiitv Con-talih'. Wm. I i.ir.h.ii. i^iJINi. 

Cor.aiers. -J. P. Lvnii, M.I). ; H. T. Corhclt. M. 
an.l J. Pratt. 

Itoal.l .if .\u.lit of ('riiiiiual .lu-lic.' Acc.niuls. - 
H.-iirv (.'ow.in. ?!1 ..eh ii.r .i.iv. 

h.'gi-tr.ir. W. II. Wall.-r. 

IJ.pnly liegisirar. -t,'. W. Pole. 

Tho-i- ..f the ahov.' ag;iiii-t whom no sum i- maik.'d 
h'.'- of their olli.-.', their r.'muiierati.iii heiiig ol c.iur-e 
the a uiil of si'ivi..' lli.'y p.rf.irm. 

Tlii- is al.-.i th.' .a-e willi Ihe ..Hieurs of the Division 
wh.'lii w.' appen.l. 

N.I. .\NII .N'.V.MK. . l.KllK. lull 

1. oiiawa .,1. II. .\riiistrong 1!. Il.ui 

•-'. Hi. hi 1.1 Hugh K.illy A. Wri 

:i. Th.' Carp hiliii p.-nton Ahx. , 

4. .M.ilir- Corners W. P 'I'aylor It. I'. !■ 

."i. North Cower lames ll.'.iman lam.s , 

i;. .Metcalfe Ira .M.ngan W. M. 

7. li.'U's Can. 'IS W. K. Hariuer \l.-xaii 

Willi. .Ill pre-uming to criti. i.-e lli.' /» /■,..„i,„ / ..f th.- . 
with th.' Adiiiiuistiatioii of .lu-ii..' eith.r ihr.uighoiit 
general, or in tlii- C.miity in parte iilar we heln-ve ■ 
.ipiiii..n ..f tli.i-e wh.i know wlo-r.-.f lli.y -p.ak wlie 
th.i-eof Cai'lelon will hear i .inipalisoii with those of 
h.rly-two .11111111. 's; an.l among iliem will h.- r.'eogni 
who have li.l.l .li-tin,L'iii-lie.| .iml ha.liiig p.isiti.ms in i 
nier.e, the h-arne.l ]irol.--i.iii-, and .Muni. 'ill'' !'r.iviiici 
polilie-. 

HIGHWAYS 

It is a well-.stahli-hi'.l fact that, l.iok wli.i.' w.' wil 
'■ iiniMunicali'.naii' jin uiid.iilhle.t e\ i.lence .if th.' .'xistijii 
an.l ihe hisliiry of Ihe uolld IriOii the eai'li.'sl .lavs 1 
t.-tim.iiiy to this iliii\eisally adliiitl.'.| truth. A- eivil 
inteieoniniuiiic.ition imnuases, ami th.' channels of Ira.l 
while the coiiv.'vance of pro.|uct», tin' Iran-p.irt of ii 
th.' ni..v.'ineiit ..I armi"», re.piir.' an iinohstrn.'le.l high 

Ol the ami. Ill Kiiropi, III nations who pi.-h. ml. 

imp.iilalit inilli. 111.' 'hill w.'io Ih.' Il.nii.in-, who-.' I 
ami ruiue.l ai. h.'- -lill -iirviv.' -if a ruin .;aii h.. s.\i. 
remin.l us. if the .lepart.'.l piocr an.l gr.'atm'ss of that « 
while in this W.'stern ll.'iiiisph.ri', .Mexi.-an cm-.'wa 
highw.ivs have als.. .-iir\ ive.l the wi'e. k ..f lim.' t.i att.'s 
nail. .lull life hir c'liliui.- .leparle.l ; an. I wh.ii.'ver re 
-call' as iiiiiiii'ii-e ;ts .'II. luring, inili.'ali\i' .if in.leliiiitc 
striietion, and ih.' empliiyiinni ..f nias-.s of p.ipulalion. 

Till' ..rigilial. ol aliinigliial, " highw.iys'' ..fihe C'.i 
mav he v.'iv .'a-ily eniiiiii'rali'.l ami .li'.-.rih.'.l. They, 
lu.li.iu trail- win. ling t.irlu.iii-ly aioiind and ov.'r'jii 
falh'U tr.'C-al th.' /...c(.i.(c,-. of tli.' Cli.'iu.lier.' and the Chat: 
pleineiite.l hy the Ini. Ii-hark can...' iip.in the "w.ller-^ 
iiohle Ottawa, Were .'.,ual withal t.i the c.ipa.'iti.'- ..f th 
wli.ise only ii'.e of them w,ts ijuriii^ lli.'ir annual j.ii 
sli.ir.'S .if i,ak.' Iluroii to llu' eariv tradiiig-po-ls of ilie 
Lo.ver Si. I awri'in e, or upon wai like loravsof the Noiih. 
Ji'o.|U..is ■ the ..111' agiiin-l th.- ..c I'r th.' valh'\ .if th. 
111.' '.ileal highway of all the ahoiigiual trihes ii.iiii{ 
h"-lil iileilera.'ies. h.itti lor war an.l .'oiumerce. 

liul willi 111.' al\;ni.'emeiit of . ivili/.ali.iii these 
uiv.'u plac in mm Ilia mlwoik of ni...l.'in liigliw. 
. oinpai.il.le 111 th..-.' .if llie an. 'i. -lit lo.uiaus. ,tr.' al le 
ri'.|uiieiin'Hts .it a highly civilize.! p.'.iple, to whom tlio 



F CARLE rON.— Continued. 



Xlll. 



i may In- lui'i-.isarv, i-itlier in the way ul' amicalile ai- 
atinii, (ir iiiluTwisis i" nniiT t.i iirmuii' fimii lliu City 

si-tlli'iiiciit 111' till' ttliiili' luattiT as llic I'liuiity is lairly 
e. Canit'ii." 
I'ssiiiK an upiniun as tn tlii' iiiiTits, ,Vi'., wv sllU lliiiik 

I'ily sliuHlciilill'i'r with tlic Clminlv in «,, many niatliTs 
i.itcrial inlcTi'sIs nl' Imili. The Cc'Unty, nn tin' ulhiT 
xtirnifly lihi'tal witli its snp|iurt antl aiit to all Irsi'ivin^' 
n tlu'Cily whifli havi' cnim' an>l asknl I'nr its assist- 

■ iMily |iii].ulatinn dl' Hytuwn wa> inni|M)-tMl to a ,i,'ifal 
I'ini-ly luiiinlcnt i-lfnirnt. wlii<'h w.is at tinu-s tin- tciioi- 
tizi'ns, an'l allhcin;;|[ thi> pivsi-nci' "i I'Xtr.'niisIs in hrth 
iini lias tif*|ni'ritly ln'fn thf canst' orniiut' or K'ss st'iinns 
I't'i'ii an i\\rt't'.lin,L,'Iy small nnmluT nl' aliufituis ci-inn's 
n till' (.'.miity, (•■■ a '"miiiiinily ol' i|s csirnt ami ]«i|iii- 
inir'l that till' 'nl\ iiiiii'ilii' nmimittnl within a ]ii'riii'l 
limy was that i.r II.mi. Thmnas D'Any .Mctiii' at tliu 
in;;-liiiiisii, nn O'Cuniior strci-t, Ottawa, hy tlm lianil nf 
Whali'ii, wlin was al'trrwanls ti'U'il, I'lnnii'ti-il, aini I'X- 
I'll. His riimi'aml ti'ial I'Xiiti'il. iM'ynnilall i iiiii|iai'isiin. 
. pnlilii', anil ;;i'ni'ial iiiti'fi'si nrany rvi-nt ula iriminat 
V whidi cviT iiiiniii'il in the histmy nl' thi' (.'miiitv nl 
J. H. Camiriiii, l,t.('.. anil II. m. M.'C. ( 'ann'mii, (>'X'- 
isipiii'i', whili' .laniis (I'litilly, (,!.('.. .if Kin.u;>tiin, imi- 
l:4c W'iU.in -at nn Ihi' hi'inh. Th.' trial liu-tv.l many 
'y wi'ii' l.ii'ki'.l np iivt'i-a wri'k lii'tnii' Li-inoin- in a vri- 
t'l' lii'iiiL,. tinally Iniiml guilty, ami i-xi-i'iiti'il a.i'iii'iliii^jly. 
nivc'i'sallN l...lii.vi..l hi' iiail aciiimiiliii's, In' ilh-il withuut 

la' rminil tilt' nami'> ni tin' inrninl'rnts ui" thi' in-inriiial 
with till' Ailminisiiati.m ul' Justici' in thr Cnitnty, ln- 
-alaiii's a- laf as thnsc aiinnints lan hi' ulitaini'il. 
Cimnlv ('..lilt. -Williaiii Aiiil Unss. Salai'V s«,(«H». 
' "I till'' (•..iiiitv fii;iit. — Ituln'i't Lynn. Halai-v .*.',8(K). 

1. I'". I'.IWI'II. 

irt'. Al'tllllf I'. Shi'lWnn.1. 

'niinty riinil.Ch'i'ki.rihi. .•snri-nj.'ali' Cniirt. ami l)i'|iiily 

111' (-'f.i\Mi anil rii'a~. .laiiii's Krasi'V. 

n Atimniy ami ('Ink nl tlu' I'lac. Knlii'il Lei's, (J.C. 

iimi'i'v. Will. Mai-hatl .M.itlii..s.in. 

hi'.lail, Ah'x. \V. I'mvi-Jl, ?<1M)II. 

.' .lail. Mis. WiNmi, S2M. 

lu .lail. Dr.t'hiir. h, .•S'.'tlii, 

'hnnia- D.i'.'-, .si.-|.'.il ; i ■..■.ii-.^r .l,ilin-t.in, .•Sl."ill. 

talili'. Will, (liir.l.in. .'SiilKI. 

. P. Lvnii. M.I). ; II. r. Cnliutl. M. I). ; Dr. (jmlin, 

lit. 

iilit III' CriMiinal .lu>iiri. A.-cniinls. Dr. llratly ami 

w.in. ."<l I'.i.h |ii r il.iv. 

I'. II. WalliT. 

trai'.- C. \V. I'l.l,.. 

ihnvi' aijainst wli.'tn mi sum i~ niaikrd am jiaiil l.y tlm 

.. tlu'ir ii'iiiiiiii'r.itinn hoin,!,' nt emnsc in iii'n[iiirlinn tn 

viri' llii-v |.i it..rni. 

11' la-i' Willi till' iillJL'L'i's nl' tliu Division L'niirts, a lint of 
1. 

IK. ri.i:UK. in 1 1.1 If. 

.•!. I!. Arnisti'niin I!. Il.imiltnii. 

llii,:;li I!, illy A. Wri-lit. 

Inlin KiiiLiii .\li'\, .1 1 illusion. 

^ \V. 1' ■I'aylof. It. I'. «niiili. 

.laniis llianian lanns ,lnlin-ton. 

lia .MoiL^an \V. M. .^sniln.rlaml. 

W. K. Uaniu'i' Ah'xaiiih'i' Wilson. 

iiniiii.:; to irili. i-i' llm /,.,•..,.„„./ nf tl Ilii'.'i's i-ninu'iti'il 

-nation .if .lii-li... iiihir thiiiii-h.iiu ilm I'roviini' in 

i- Ciiinly in ]i.ii'tii iilar wi- ln'li.'\i' wn hut I'.'lio tlin 
who know wlnrcif tlii.y sju-ak whi'ii- wn assi'it that 

1 will hi'ai' riini|iarison with those of any nthiT of tlm 

's; ami am.iii:; thi'iii will In- ii'ciyni/i'i'l iiiaiiy iiaiiii's 
isliiiL^iii-liiil ami l.ailiiii,' |iositiiin.s in a:;lii'nlliiri', rolii- 

1 i.iori--i..n-, ami .\liiiii.i|.'' IVoviiioial, ami National 

HIGHWAYS 

itiililishi'il lai'l that, look wlniv wi- will, th,. avi'inii's of 
man iiiKhnilitiil I'viili'iiii'of tin' ixislim; stall' of -nrii'ty ; 
f llm woilil Ir-i'iii the lai'lli'.st il.iys ln.al- illiili-|inti'il 

iinnui-ally ailniittiil truth. .\- civilization ailvanci's, 
ion iiii'iuasi'.s, ami tin' cli.iiiiii'l.s of trailn ari' iiii|irovL.il ; 
yaiiri. of |iioiliu'l», till' tiaii-|ioi'l of imri'lianilisu, ami 

.illiii''s, ii.i|niri' an ilnolisIiiirU'il liiijliwav. 

I Kiiin|iiaii iiatimi- who i iiiilirinliil this ornat ami 

till' ' iiiil wito tin- Uoiii.iii-, wlin-i' liiiiail stniM'-ways 
■ sllll -iirvivi. -if a rain can In- s.\ii| to siirvivi — ^tn 
ili'|iart('il iiowi'r aiiilK'rnatm'ssof that womli'ifiil pcoph', 
I'sti'iii lli'misjihi'i'i', .Mi'xii'iin I'ln-i'ways ami I'lTiivian 
Iso -iin ivi.l till' wii'ik of li to atlisi till' vi::oiir of a 

I'i'iitiilii - ilu|iarli'il ; ami wh.iii'vi'r ii'iii.iiiis i- n|iiin a 
1' as I'mlinino, imliialivn nf imli'tinite imrimls of lon- 
I' ■'ni|iloyiiii'tit of mas-i's of |in|iiilalion. 
Ill almri^'iiial, " lii;,'liw,iys'' i.ftlii' I'.iiiiitviif Carh'ton 
Iv oiiiiiiii'rati'il ami ilr.-irihi'il. Tlicy riiiisi>ti.il nf null' 
mlin^ tiiiliioii-lv aioiiiiil ami over ja-.'^eil irnks ami 
/i.n'(.n(i,<nf ilii'Cli.iiiiliiri'aml thoCliats; ami these, siip- 

' liHill-l.al'k lalliie llpnll the " WMli'I'-slrntille,. " of the 

■re i",iial withal to ilie eapaiiti f the sini|.|i' savages, 

of tlieiii ua- iliii'in^ ilieir annual joiinnvs lioiii the 
hiron to ihe early trailiiin-|iii-ts nf ih,. Krem h ii|inn the 

e. nr ii| will like Iniavsof Ihe Noi'tlnrn ami Sniithi'ni 

le a;^.uii-t tl r er tile Valley nf the (litawa InrniinH 

ty nf all the aliniigiiial tiilii's Bnin|iosin.i^ lln-se twu 
ies, tiotli for war ami roinnierce. 

' a'haiiieinent ol livili/ation these ruile trails hnvo 
iiirii 111 a mi«ork of I Ii'in liiyliw.iys wlii.h, if not 

lo-e of llie aiii'ii'iit loiinaiis, are at least e(|nal to the 

iliiohly eivilizeil peopli.. in wlinin the arts ,iml sciemcs 



lire as familiar a,s were the sliielil ami .javelin tn the lieri'e warriors for 
whose heni'lit tlinse sloii.-ways Were limit, or 111.' loniahawk ami sralp- 
iii;;-kiiile III the hroii/i- -avayes who tr.iNi'isftl from time iinnieinnrial the 
.\lHoni|iiin forist Irails. 

'I'lie lirst mail in the Cmtnty wa- a sort of inipnivenieiit of the 
(.'haiiiliem I'oitane trail, wliii'h heeaiiie iieee— aiy fnnii a eertiiin aimaint 

of trallir ill I'om lim, «ilh ilir liinilierin,:; iiiien'-l-, wliiili hail lii';;mi 

to exieliil to Ihe I'pper Ottawa liefme lln- -etllemenl of liiehnioliil. 

This woiilil haiiily he lonkeil upon iiow-.i-ilays as a mail at all, ami 
the tirst rnail lit to In. so lalleil ami it w. is siaire worthy of tli" name 
wa-iiil frniii "liiilininml Lamliii;;." imw the IJliaiulii'ieVlats, where the 
families of the military eneanipeil while the nun were aeleetin;; laml, 
to what was then t'hapnian's lamlie, .ni the ( looilwnoil. three miles 
froiii the present Village of llielimoinl. The work wiw Hiiperiiitemleil 
liy iSei'geant Hill, nf the '.lllili, mnl was a Ooveriiment work. It was 
ilolie in the alllmiiii of |s|S, imiiieiliatily on the seleetioli of the 
loeality of Kiehniomi a- a setlleiiii'iil. it lieiiig neei'ssary to eompletu 
it liefore the nien'ii families nmveil out from " llichinnml Lamling." 
With »niliefewexeu]itions it followeil Ihe path of the pmsellt Kielinioml 
mail. The next mail in the County was i iit through the Tiiwiishi|i of 

North (inwer to Hichiii I. It eiiiiimeiieeil at a |ioiiit mi the left 

liank of tile Itiileall, just almve the elitraiiee of ."Stevens' ("reek, anil 
followeil lip the general eoiirse nf that .stream In a point near the 
lliinl eoneession line, where it emssuil In the imrih ,siile, anil followeil 
the left liank of that ereek haek a short ilistaiiee, then turning nortli- 
weslerly till it strnek .Mini l.'reek, follow iiig iiiver-ely the geiienil 
ilireelion nf that Mule .stream to its Sonne, ami |imeei'ililig ihenee in 
a nearly iliieet emirse tn I he \" .ge nf liielininml. Tlinugh at tirst 
only II winter mail nf the nnlest ilescriplinn. it pniveil a nruat ailvaii- 
tage to the Uiehinnml .sett lenient, ami was the means, a.s well, nf 
.settling lip the Ciimity thmiii,'li wliieh it passeil, hy penple fniin those 
iiinre s.iitliein townships m.w in the t'.iiiiity nf OrenviUe. 

Il lines not sieiii iieee-sai'v In fnll.iw the slow ami teilions ilevel- 
iiliineiit nf the roail system thi'ongli its variniiH stages of transition. 
In I'i'garil to the eoinpal'ative as well as the ahsolnte lillnilier ami 
inagnitiiile of the ilitliellll ies to he ..vereome, however, they were in 
theeiseof Cal'leton M'ly gleat imleeil --ill the tirsi plaee, from the 
natme of its soil, ami the very gri'ai iirepniiileraiiee of Inw ami 
swampy gmiiml ; ami seemiilly, irom the great network nf rivers ami 
streams, wliieh hail tn lie spanneil hy many ex|ieiisive hriilges ere any 

aimiunt of g 1 mails emilil he lirniight into general utility, exeept in 

the iiinst limiti'il local sense. Ihlf the I'ln-rgy with wliieh these hereu- 
h'lin ilitlienlties were met was in general keeping with the stern 
character nf the stm'.l\- pioneers, ami the present splemliil highway 
system is no less a inonmnent to their piihlie enterprise than are the 
• luailtifnl ami eoinforlat.le hnilses now oeenpieil liy their ehililreii ami 
their I'liililieii'schililieli. a Iriiiilte to their iiiiii\ iililal jnivate imlilstly. 

One aii\anla_'i'. Iinwever. existeil to eonnteraet in a ineasiire, the 
exceptional ililtieillties to lie nut in i;arrying a praetieal system of 
hi:.'liways into oiieration, ami that w.is the existence of tlie liliust 
material for I'oail metal in iiniiiiiiteil ipiaiitities ami at eoiivenient 
ilistances : ami this ha- lieeii liUerally taken iiilvantage of. There 
are now within the County alioiit 71 miles of the very liest maeailam- 
ixeil rnail, nwileil ami n|iel'»le.| liy the ilitf.'l'ellt ilicorpol'.iteil com- 
panies, one inmiieipality, ami one private iiniiviiinal, as follows : 

The Ottawa, Moiitrial . ami linssell i 'ons.iliilateii lioail l-'oin|iaiiy, 
who nwn ir» miles, inclmling two liranelies. one the "Kings" or 
Mnlitn'al mail, ami the .llierlhe Unssell mail, hoth ealleil from the 
respei'tive points tnwar.U wiiieli they run — from a point at the t'or- 
lior.ilion limits lieyonil 1 'ninming's Islaml. in the I'iileail. The 
itnaiu'ial staU'inem of thi- rnail fur I''?" was as tnllnwH ; 

(■list of niail .•?(i(l,''i27 H.I 

■ Kxpemli'il (IHTT) fori'iiiistruetion 1? Illtd >-H 

repairs 1.11(1 l:'. 

.\inomit of siihsi'rilieil stock S."i7,'.ll 

•• nf ilivi.lemis .1K771 ,-.,7'.tl i«i 

•• tnll enlleeteil " 7,.')ll> («> 

" nf liahilitie.s 14 (Ml 

The tntal lemgdinf ahovi m.ul is l."i mile-. 

The Ottawa anil I lloiicester Ihiail (' panynun alniil Jl miles, 

as follnws : Two liranelies frniii the (."iiy limns one mi cieh siile of 
tlie Canal to I'.illiie.'s' Kriilge each .ilimit th'-ee iiulis ; annlher hraiieh 
thence np the right hank of the Itiileaii almiil the same ilistance ; 
anil the main mail frmii the hriilge tn the O.sgnoile lown line, across 
the Township nf (llmieester. almnt I'-' miles. The eonstrni'iioii of this 
mail cost .-^CilK.'.l'.ii, ami lliu income of the ye ir iiette.l SS.illi'-,.-,S, nf 
which iliviilenils all. I " lionnses " were ileeiai'i'il ami. Hilling ill I:;.'. |ier 
cent, of the capital stock, tile lialance lieiiig applieil to n'pairs ami 
now •' stock." 

The Ottawa, Nepeali, ami Nnrlli O.iwer Knail. cmiipleleil in IHT."!, 
■•it a cn-l ol .■sj:i,(lii:i.(Hi, .■oipi|ii'ises a main line frmii Ottawa In Merri- 
vale ill Nepeali, ami a liramli llielefrom snillhvvanl tnthe " Uichmnml 
Knail," just iM.ynml lln.. t'ltv limn-. I he wlmle lining se\en miles in 
oxlont. We gather fmin the Cniiipaiiy's liiiancial repni't that the 
suliscrilieil stock is >i:iii.(l(lii, of whidi Init .-il:),;t,"il is paiil np ; that it 

still owes on striielion .■<T.l''i:i.'.l I ; (hat its receipts last year were 

8l.'.'ilii from lionnses, .-"LOU."!. I:; from fnrteitiires hy ilefaiih of .nntrac- 

tors, ami 81.."iL'S.,'tl fmni mils; while the a nut of iliviilemls ile 

olareil was •'r^l-'d. 

The Itiileall Itivir lioail ismio jiisl Iniill. I'Xtemling iilong the left 
liank of the ( 'anal for a .listam-e of a little over two miles fnnii the 
City limits. It his Init recently heeii amal.gainateil with the last almve 
nnineil Corporation Ihe wlmle nmiir the iiiiiiie ami style nf "The 
Nepeaii ami Nnrlii Cower Maiailami/.eil linail." 

Tile Osg le macailainizeil neelwas liiiilt ami is owmil hy that 

|iiwnslii|i. It extemls from the teriiiiiiiis of Ihe Ottawa ali.l (ilniices- 

i.T ma 1, at the (ilmicester ami Osg le tnwii line, to within one ami 

a i|eai'ter miles of the V'illiige of .MelcaUe, a ilist.mce of a little over 
aix iiiiles. II was linill aliont liiree years ag", tlimil..ih (he exertmns 
of .Mr. Mnrgan, who was llieii Ueeve of the 'fo» nsliip. ami carrieil 
tliroilgh the silienie of having the .Mnniiipal hoali I'liml surplus 
applieil thereto. This originally amminteil to .*<}<, ."i,17. ' Knnn the 
]irincipal ami acerneil interest tlu' TowiiMliiji apprnpriateil ,^it,(i(i(l, ainl 
went on wiih Ihe mail, spemling >«i;i,(lll(i mi it, ami issuing .S(i,(HI(i in 
ilehenliii'es to liipiiilate the lialanee. Tlnre is one lull-gate, which 
the Township leases at an annual rental nf !*~'M. The mail is n tirst 



_ 



XIV. 



HISTORICAL SKETC 



clnss (tno, anil nthU imincn.HoIy to the cinvunii-iicivi of thu iiiliiibitatit't 
of iilinont llio fiilin' 'I'lrwmluii. 

Tip' " l{K')im"ii'l Itoail," ;n it la i^'i'iicrally caUfii, in uwiu'il. ■■■' '■■•* 
; ;i. I... .. i' ^ 1 .......1 I... ll. 




;iy tint (lie iiiai- 



i''.hi(i 111 iiii:ii-ii|iM|ii>i iiii- i<'iiiiii( i.'iiiii'ii-.-i 11.^ i''~iiii iiiiii >iii-iiiiii 

a l.iiuizL'il iMiils of thu C.illiity of I'.irli'ltni aro nowIifVi' fxi'i-lli'ii. aiiil 
to Hoiii'j of tlu'iii it wii'ilil lii> •jillii.-nlt to litiil till' (.'<|ual L'Ut.'wIiiM'c. 

Ah pr'vioiHly iiitinrilL'tl, tliu Iirjtl^irs thnni'^'lioiit tin' ''oiitity 
fonu a vury i!'iii,ii|it.iI)1l' al jillK't to tlh' |iill>lii- lii^'liw.iy sysli'lii. 'I'lic 
piuu-i]i.il (.1 tliL'ii! ari*. of O'liir.Hi', ovit llir Ui'li-aii, aii'i srviTal will Ix- 
foiiiul 11. Ill', 1 iiii.Il'I' till' lii'i'l of thii imlilic iin|irovi'iiii'iils of tlic City 
ol Ollnva. I'looi'i! liiiLi 111' tlu' Hi'li'.ol fiom tlu'Cily liinita wi' coliii' 
in tiini to lliir.liu Ill's a'll riiliiii:;-i' liriil:,'*'*, cHiiiui'tiiiL^ tJloiiix'^ter 




cluirti'iiiii,' of a laihvay from llii' ItiviT Ollaw.i 
rumi', uiiili'i'lhi'riaiiii'ortlii,' "livniw.v ami I'ln 
till' low lis foriiiiiiijitK |iro|io.i'il iiriiiiiii on iIim 
«a< liioki'ii lor tin' mail in Si'|.liinlu'r of tin' 
I'onipli'ti'il aijil ('olnini'in'ril ojinatioii in IIiti'iiiI 
l>liawa ivan iiieoi'iioratiil, ami in i'oiiM'i|iiiiiii' ll 
ilii' 11.1111.' of till' " I'ri'-rott ami Ottawa," wlii. Ii 
".SI. Lawrinii' ami Ottawa' ii|ioii its n-oi.ja 
ilosiiri' ninliir whirli it was -oM in |si;ii, ami In 
ii'i'oml iiioii^;a-i' lioniU, .>!:! i:i,;i:):i of ihinl nniii 
lai;;i' aimnint of llo.itiii,' Imli'liliilni's- witl' i-iilii 
'I'lii' lin;,'lli of Ihi' mail i- oH..". niili-, (ln'-i.li. 
ina'li' up a- lollon- : I'ri'srott .liiiu'lion lo nn 
• liimlion Itianrli. 1.0 niili'- ( 'liaiiiliiTi' lii.iml 
W.11 noi liiiih l.ir iii.iny yi'ai- aliiT ili.' i' nnpli 
wlii. h laili'.l, witlioiil'il. to attrai't tin' Inml 
"ri,^'iiially .li',i;;in'.l i,, rarrv, ami roiili.li'iillv 
wlii.'li oliji'it was ili'fi'ali'il ill tln'lii',4 plai'u liy tli 
of till' IJii'i'iloi's, in loialiiij; till' Ottawa IltIiii 
Ik'I' iiianiil',iL'liirin;^'ri'iitii'. 

Tim oii;,'inal lust of I'on-lriirlioii ami i'i|iiipn 
•S:i7,'-'iU..MI pi'r niili'. Tin' Imamial -tali'imni 
pri'siiiit an aiitliori/i'il or.liii.u-y sliali' lapil.il 
i-'ili'il) ; an alllliolizi'il pri'li'lvmi' slia'i' I'apil; 
«iili..rilii'il ami pai.l up); ami an aiillion/iil I1..1 
of wlii.'M ijir.'tO.iiDD.riO is sulisiriliuil uuil paiil up 



RAILWAYS. 

"»1 In thu K.'ri'Til lii.s' .ry of Itiihvays, 1.' mala was mui-li lifiiiiiil th'j 
UniloJ .StaliM in p.iiiitof liint' ; f.ii'as soon as the lirst iireat siiocu-ia of 
stuam liic'iiii itioii lii'i'anii' an u^labli-lii'il fait liy tin' pi'tfonnanccs of 
Ojoi';,'!' Sti'|ilii.'inon's " U iflii't " on tin- Liv.rpool ami .M iiiolii'^ti'r 
Raihv.iy 011 llii' Otii O.l.ili.'i', ISJ'.I. tlu' wmU 1 .jiiiiiu'Miiil anion;,' our 
SHitln..rii iici^'liliori, an, I a r.iiUv.iy of 11 luili.- in I'xti.nl w.is in opi. ra- 
tion from tin' city of lliliiiiiori', wi>twanl, as early us ls:)ll. Tin.' 
pt'.iplit ill fai't soiMiii'il to liu si'i/.i'.l liy a mania for railw.ivs, which 
c.iitsc I a lu'ilt'in.^ I'liio.u'k ui'Mi ill I'liti-rpri^cs wlii.Ii, iii,ni,'h ii'lliii-^ 
to till' ijcuiTil i; I ll .if t!ir 1 ininiunily, privcil iiii|ir,ilit ilil ' to tin- ori- 
giiiat irs, aii'l tin' whole 1111111111. ilc, I in wiial wa.i known tlir ui^'liout lliu 
Uiiiteil .States as tin' linancial cra-h of |S)7 — u ilatc at "wliicli it 
is statuil, (III rdialih' aiithoiilyi that thi'i't- was not even a wa,''.^.iii-roail in 
all I'ppjr Cia.i la over will, ll ii was pi'actiia'ile to ilrive with iiiiiifoit, 
ur even safety, e.'viepl a portion of V, 11141' siieel, nortlu'rlv Irnii the 
present city of Toroai,,, wlieh hail lately Keen mac iil.iinizeil for the 
ili-tance ol aln.ul 1:! miles. 

I'p t.i the ye ir 1 s.'i'.i, (lie progress of (iKilwavs hi 1 ln'.u so slow that 
there Were leu .'I'l miles in opei'.ition thioim'hoiit the entire country at 
tliat ilate. The (loveinmeiil e.irly fore-.iw the iie.e-.-ily of lailiouls, 
anil lo pi'oniole the ImiI'Iiii.' of them I'.irli.imeiit h i,| passed what is 
popiiKirly known <is the "ilnarantee .\ct " thu jirevimis year(IH4's), 
which li.i'l the ellcct of p.nvorfully -limnlatiu'^' r.iilway enterprise 
tlir.iu^hout til.' c I'.iiitry, hy ■jiiiraiit 'ein,' ^i.\ per eenl. interest on one- 
half ilie I), Hill- of any r.iilw.iy 7i> miles or more in evieiii, ami taking,' 
I'lir seuarity a lir-t lien on llii' r i.i.l. It was in eonseipieme of tli'j lieue- 
lits aiiticipitc.l I'r.oii the operation of this Act that the (li.iii'l Trunk— 
nuiv one of tile ;,'i'e.itesi railway cii'poration- in the woil.l — was or^j.in- 
i/.el in Is"jI ; ami tlii; was ~.',im foUowuil hy ili" oroani/..itiiiii of the 
(lie, a Western, ami others, iuiineiise enterprises of themselves -ihnugli 
lull the iie^iiiiiiiiy of a period of railway eonsiruetinii which has con- 
tinue I t'l .livi'lop and inc;e.i-e till a'.'ain leoude,! l.y the ore.-it linancial 
and conmieri ial .lepre-.-ioii at present overli.iniriiej the i-ountri, t'Ut iioi 

hetore ( .inada has ln'c mie f the lie-t .-,i ved railway loiiiiiiiiiiiiies in 

the World perhaps, wuli 111'- e.vcoj.iion of the Inited .state-, the verv 

bust. 

Tliere are now in ojn'i-ation in t'aii.id.i, or owncl hv f anadi.in com- 
panies, acor.lin^ to tli'e l.i-l olli, i.il report life. .1. lirvl^'e-, the (leii 
cr.il .Supermteii lent .i| i J.ivurnniciit Uiilways, ■'i,.'<7U n'ule- of load, ■ 
which l,:i;ij miles ate of the '• stamlanl " or t-'ij i,'aiioe ; ,">3!)} luiles of 
'* liro 1 1, ' ,",-i; -^ lu^e, and (17-!: miles ol " n.irrow," or -Mi gauoc, 

Tiie tul.il cist of ih'i.' riiluMvs w.i. .s iJ ;,:iL'''.'.l7i;. IS, divided as 
fiillow, :— 

OrdinuylSli.ire t'apil.il 5113,702.12(1.-:! 

Prelirenci' do llH,s7ti,.'^li7.:il 

Uonde I Delit 7U,(i7(i,3Hi.M 

Ij.ians and Itonu-es Ii-.iiu 

i) iiniiiion Uoverilinent S.'i."i,.'WO,Mli. ^N 

Ontario do l,7;(:t,H17.iiL> 

Q.lel.iC do 'lll.llsl.llU 

New Urniiswick do 2,1(1:1,01111.1)0 

Municipalities ;>,(is!),'.",i:».00 






~ 's 






s S « s 



Less ainnniit of |iai.| up se.urities in 



eluded aliovi 
Total 



.Sii.'),;tis,.j'j;».(;i 

1,275,000.00 (! 1,07.1, .'lO'.'.lil 

$:t2(i,:i2S,«70. Ih 

These railwavs were lai.l with 2,78:i!i miles of st.'el rails, 2,7(l'i| ••( 
irnii lails, and 2.'ii of wiii.deii lails. 'I'hev owned and opeialed lili.i lo. .i- 
lllotices, .i:i7 p,i,seii'ier ,'i.acli, s, 2:i| sj'cund cla-s cirs, '.'dl h.lK,i;.e.'i'. 
mail, and e.vpre.ss e.iis, M,7I2 cattle ami l..,\ cars. (I,',I27 plall'orm eiiiii, 
l.O.'iO coal cii,., and l;l;;l'alil elcv.ilors. 

'I'lle ^ros, e.iriilli.^s |,„. il,e year were ,'?l s.7 |.i,il.-|:l,.|s ; the workiii:; 
expenses iril.j.L'llii.O'.ll.i- ; lea\i'n;; llm iiel ],i,,|it. .*!, l.'il ,lMi2.(lo il,',, 
cs|,eii-e- lii'iii;,' s|,.|i.i percent, ol the j;ni<8 receipt- : and the net piolils 

only snilicient t.i pay l.:l:! per out . mi the \< led delii ali.ii.', to the ' 

entire exeliision of all share capital or (InverniiRiit or iMunicipul loans. 
The aveia,'.' earniii.i;s |ier mile were *l,;!liil, and the iiveriiHe o]ieruliiif,' 
cxjien-es S-.Vill, | 

L',11111114 .l.iwii to oiir own t'onnly. wii liiiil tliut one iireot of thetlr-t 
wave of railway a,-llatioll which struck the country in 1,'sHt was the i 



The followini,'isthe jiresenl list of Directors, el. 

William guiltei Lund Lm;. . Th,.-. Itevm 

K.il.inson. Tim-, liohins \K.x. n,i|,t, p;vre,'\V, 

.Sorn-. all of Lolidnli. Kli-l.ilid. 

The ollieers opeialui^ the ma, I ar,' : 

Tims. Ueyiiolds, Managing Uirecior and V.-l' 

A. Ii. IVdeii, Sec- Trees. 

J. (i. -Macklin. Kii;;ineer. 

Calvin Oaiiie. Superinlemleiit. 

K. K. Cl.lire. (len'l l''l.'i-ht .\;4eut. 

Win Wallace, Track In-pector. 

Head I itlii'cs, Ottawa, Ihil.iiio. 

Lomlon Ollice, :t .Moi-oate St., London, Kn^laii 

T. A, Weltoli. Secretary.il Kiieli-h Olli, ,'. 

There are 11 station- I'm the iim. of which! 
fliio stati.ms. Tlie\ liavi' machine ami ear shi,| 
aiiiouiit of rolliii)! stock owned hy the Conipanv 
tirst-elass cars, (i seeoiiil-chvss cars, ."i mail and lia;,'e 
Ihi\ cars, ,111,1 4.-i platlorin cars. It has ;17 mile 
22 with steel rails the hmner being .'ili llis. per var 
ill" from oil to 7'J Ihs, 

The local aiil cMendeil to this mad amounted I 
S2iiO,i'0O was oiven by Ottawa and the balance 
stroll!; elhill wa- iiia.le l,i seeurea loan of .SiOO.Oil 
(.'arlel..ii, but il failed. Tln-e lo.iiis were, ,,f miii 
foreclo-nie. but they were iii.liiectlv, perhaps, the i 
minis those places could ||„v,. ,h,,-,.n, in the iin 
and lacililies which ilie completion of the railwaval 
it is mere than likely that the lailwav lacilities p. 
Ottawa Went far tiwaid .lel.rniiiuiiL:' it- -election 
ernm.nl as tin s,.,i( ,,| tb,. (i,iv,.iniiienl .,1 tana 
such advantages some i.tli.r pl.ne would liav.. 
prize. 

Tin: ('anmi.\ Ckstiim. U.mi.w.w, now or sum 
the leading' loail- 1,1 ilie Doininien. at piesent eml 
villeand Otla«a, pari of which was i.pened a-early 
lllid the I'anada Central proper, lb,' lir-t -ecti.m ol 
lately as l'»70. and the Norlli.rn I'Mcn-ion, whi, 
some years to eomplete. Althouoh tin' ordinary 
ihuae I'uiula wiis cuiitroUed by the .same parties Vi 



LICAL SKETCH OF THE 



.r ii Kiihv.iv In. Ill llifllivi' Olluw.i t.. 111.' lliviTSt. Law- 

itlllTlilllH'ol Ihu "liVTIUVN AMI I'llKSIIirT lUll.WAV" - Irciiii 

rniiiii,' iu iir"|i"-i"l liriuiiii "ii iIh' lotli May, IH.-.O. I inmiiil 
fill' tlio mail ill Si'iili'iiiluM- nl' llu' hiiiiii> vnir, uml il «»■' 
ml f.iiiinii'iici'il iipuiiiliuii 111 Div.iiiliii-, l-^ril. ll.v tins tnii'- 

illL'iirpi.MHll'll, Mid ill Cill^l'linillri^ llll'lM.l.l H-ll-..l|iclll'i| iiimIiI- 

■ il I'rv-.cilt iiM.I Oiiinvii," wUuh wa- iix.iiii .liiitificil I" 

•liru .ili'l dtlinvii' U|i"li its rc-'.li;^ilii/.ill"li "IH'i ill" t'"'''-. 
Miwlliillil WHS -'il.lill I'-llll, illull'V Wllirh *illlrt'llll),(HKI "I 

-ii-i' liMiiils *Ji:!.i!:i:'. "f iliii'l I ii,M^|' Il I-. .Hill 11 viTv 

It nl' iln.ltillL,' ll|ilii>ll.llll'a- Wl'lL' llllililv \vi|ii..l mil. 

,'tli .il'ilii' 1...1.I i- .'iH..-. mill-, (ln-1.1.^ li.iu iiiil.v-'nl «i.liii:;»} 
Inlinn^ : I'lvM.Mtl .liiiidinii I.I nil. iwii, .">■.' iiiili.'-rii-.-..U 
1,111. h. 1..") mill- CliMii.lii'iv ISiiiii.li, ■■' iiiili'^- Tlii^ l.iUiM' 

ill l.ir iii.my yuiii- alliT lli. iii|ili.ti..ii "I' tin- main liiio, 

il, witlidUl il, 1.1 iillni.l till' luiiili.'i ir.i.li' wlii.li it \v.i.< 
i'M;,'ii...l 1.1 riirrv, iiii.l .■..iili.l.-iilly ..xpi-i-'lu.l I., -u.'im. ; 1. il 
t HUH .Icfiiili'il ill 111., lir-l |.l.i>i' l.y tlic^i'lli-li |.m«..iiiil .u-ticii 
it.irs, ill Licatiii^' till. I ittiiHM IcrmiiiiiH «" l.ir fi.iiii tliv liim- 
L'tiiiiii^'ri-iitii'. 

liiiul .-Hst ..I' c.iii-tniiti.iii iiii.l .•.iiiiiHiii'iit wa.. Si,0'>'>,ll!M, ..r 
|.t.r mill'. Th.. liuaii.ial stiiliMin'iit ulimv.- llial llii'iv i- iil 
aullii.riz,..! ..i-.liiiai-v uliaiv ca|iilal ..I ,^i',:iii,ii'.iii.-ii (11..I 
11 aiilli..li/i...l iin.liM.'.iin. sliair i-:i|iilill ..f .■<7Xli.'.lii:i.-'ll all 
iii.l |.ii.l uji); uu.l an aiilli..ri/.-.l lit.ii.lo.l .Icl.t ..! KUTd.oim. 
r:iO,(iiii).,"iii is sulis.-rilii'il anil imi'l ii|. 



a :^ ,- ,rt -^^ 

.^ S ^ X £ 






? S '-^ 



s a 5 ,; -J 
2" V g ft S g 



^- 


^ 


^ 




- 




» 


... 


ii 


.'< 


3 


!! 


s 


8 


?, 



i; c 5 



viiiL'i.Hlhi' I'l'i-c'iil list uf Diri.ct.ii's, ilcfl...! in May. l>-7^; 
ulUr L..11.1..1I, IClii,'. , 'I'll..-. Ui-vii..l.ls Dltawa. .I.i-i.ili 
I.-. li..l.iii-.ii, .\l.-x. K.>l>t. Kviv.'Wni. C.iru.i, .iii.l W. E. 
l,..ll.|.ill. Kii._.|,iM.l. 
.,|n'ialiiiL: til., r.ia.l ar,- : 
yiiol.U, Manafjiiig Oiic'Cl.jr ami V.-l'ivst. 
lien. Si'.', -Trciis. 
Mill, Kii.L'in. ■.■!". 
I... .Sup.'tiiili.ii.li'iit. 
. . (Il'IiI Vlfi^jlll .\j;elit. 
.■... Track lns|ii't't..i'. 
..-, titlawa, Uiilari... 
itli.i', ;i .M..ri;ati. St., I...11.I..11, I''.nt;liiiiil. 
ll.in, .Si'ir.'lary .11 I'iil;U.-1i ( illi. .-. 
II »tali..ii- i.n llii' iiii... ..I wlii.'li 11 .111' ti'li'iiiaiih ami i 
'I'lli'V liavi' ma.lliln' aii.l car sli.ipi at Pl'i'sc.tl. Tin- 
liii^ stuck (iwncd l.y the ('..iii|.aiiy is 10 liicoiiiiitivi's, 1 1 
, I) srct.li.l class c.irs, .". mail aii.l Itaix^'a^'.- c.irs.r.l cittlc .111. 1 
■l.'i |.lail..iiii car-. It lias M7 miles lai.l wiili iron, mul 
lail- tlu' l.irmci lu'iiii; .'.r. U.S. p. r var.l, ali.l llic latl.l v ai v- 

L' Ills. 

ai.l cMiiiilcl t.. tins i...;i,l iim,.iiiitc.l t.. l~i;iiio,(1ilii, ,.{ wlii.li 

}:iv.'ii I'y ( ittawa aii.l tlic l.alimc.. l.y Prt'sctt. A vcrv 

wa- mailc't.. Kcillca I. .an ..I' fillllKOIlil Irimi llic ('..iinty ,'.!' 

it lailcl. 'I'li.-c l..,iiis Her.', ..r ...illsc, t..tallv l..-t l.y the 

.lit they were ili.liiectl\ . |...rlia|.>, llu' most j.r..lital.le in\'est- 

[.Lice.s C..11I1I lia\.' .'h.i-eii, in tli.. iiiiiuiiielai.!.' a.tvaiitaL;e.. 

■ whii'lillie..|.iii|.litii.lii.| the railway air. ifile. I tlniii. lii.li.il, 

hki'ly that ill.' lailwav lacllities |.,i-se~s,',| l,y tlleCitv ..f 

I'.ir t'.war.l .leti-rmiitiiiL,' its -elecli..ii lij- tin' Imperial (m.i-- 

n scat 1. 1' the (...veriiiiieiit ..I t'auada, aiiil that witli..iil 

i..;es sonic nther place w.tiihl have rcceivetl tlie cuvutc.i 

\i»A Ckntiiai. Kaii.way, nnw iii'»..i.n itestiiie.l t., I nc .,1' 

i.a.l- ..I the l.).>iiitni..n, at present eiiil.ra.'es the ,.i.l j.rn.-k- 
lua, pari i.l w hi. h wa- i.peiie.l as early a- 1 v. .iity years jii;.. : 
i.la t'eiilral pit.p.-i, tlif tir-t -e.'ti..ii ..I whi.li \\a- .ipeiu'.t a- 

I. ami the Ninth, rn Kxteiisii.n, «liieli it will still reiiiiire 
ciimplele. Altliiill],'li the i.nliliaiy sliare . apital ,.1 l.nlli 

\vi»s cuiilrolk'd liy the saiiic parties lr..m tho lir-st inception 



of the I 'iinaila Central proper, \et lliey were run as separate r..ii.l9. an. 
suparate accnints kept, Ac, until the Isl ,lnly "f the pre-enl vear. All 
oMi.:iul reports and statistics rulon'inn I., the pr.'-'iil n.a.l will tlicrelore 
have to he sle.wn as applie.l 1.. il- ..ri-iiial int. ..ral part-. 1.. he^iin 
Willi till' lir-l in p..inl ..f tini.', we niii^ht refer In -I 1.. the 

Ilii.irKvii.N. vMi niiAWA wlii.h Wiis ..riLjinally cliarlereil I" he 

l.nilt It iilieT..wn..f l!i..ekvill he SI. Lawiencu I., some ii.iint 

on the Ottawa liiver. Th.' ..li.jinal plan. Iionei.r, seein- 1.. Iiav.' .eeii 

al,an.l..iie.l.Milh.'c..ni lion..! th.' mail, liii.' a- l.ir a- ( .iilet'.n I .i.e, 

ami a ii.w , hailer »a- pr... un- ! '..r the .M..11-1...1, nmler tlo- n.im.' "' ' "' 
l.'amiila I'.niral, in l-(il p.nl,. nl.irs ..I win. h will I.e loiiml niehr Ihe 

heail ol llial I'o.i.l. , ,, , .,, . ,. , 

■|'he liro.laille and (Mluw.i w.i., ..peiie.l lioiii l.r...kvill.t..l' ranks- 
town, --'7 miles, in Is.-.s ; li-m Smilh's Kail- :;m mile- n..itli ..I Hi... k- 
ville I., i'erlh, 1:2 niih.s, Fel.rn.irv 17lli, I-'"'!': Ir..iii I' rank-town t.. 
farh'ton l'l,ue, '•■', mih's, Aii;;usl :i-.'iiil, I^">1> ; an.l llio l.raiieh fmm 
f.irlet.in I'la.'.. t.. • Htawa Citv, -iM miles, u, IM!!) , the t..tal l.'iixlh ol 
thu ro.i.l heiii- -li.r. iiiilcs,t..xrinsivc. ..1 ,'f.'"i niil.'s ..f si.liii;^s. Il is liii.l 
with iron rails, varyill^; in wei-lit Imm ."i- L. 7.'. I'.-, p.ryiir.l, and is 
,". ft. (1 in. j.'.iiij..e. 

Th.. r.ia.l leceived uasislance lioiii Miiiiicipaliti.s t.. tin- e-.tent ..I 
.*! Til mill, a- Inllows: -(■iiit..d Coiinti.s ..f Lanark jiii.l Uenlrew, 
.«s|),,iiiiii ; •|',,wii of r,i...kville. .■<llliM«ill; Tiwii-hipol Kii/.il.elhlown, 
X|.-,|'iilMi; all ..I whi.li w.i- I...1 r.w.-.l l..r tli.it piirp.-.- Ii-'.iii th.' Mimi- 
, ipd l,..aii Kiiiid. Thi'-e I. .an- w.re in tie- -liape ..I -iil.s. rii..'.l slock, 
no., 11 will, li the niiinicipiiliti.- iiiterest.-.l e.viiectu.l t.. ruali/e a liaml- 

s..inepr..rn, a.leln-i..ii .li-pelle.l s 1 after the ..penniK ol Ine roa.1 I.. 

Cai'leton I'la.e. In la.t t.. ke.'p it in ..p.'rali..ii a relii't .\.t h i.l lo I'c 
passe.l in |Mi:l, l.v H-lileli the ('.inp.iny W.I.' aillli..ri/.'.l l.i l-'m. 
«<:!U.71l^i.!M 111 7 p.'i' .cut. pri'fer.'iili.il l.'.n.U. Thi- ..iily all .r.le.l l.iii- 
porai'v relief, ami in l-U'l an Act w.is p.is-e Ito Inii.l in se.'..ii.l iii.irl,L;a;^e 
lioiids the ll'.atiii^; .l.-ht. whi.li, with nnpai.l inter.'-l, aiminntc'd l.y thai 
time loth.' Lir-.'^sum ..I ...isl I ,ii|'.i.!i7. Thi- iii...isiire als.i pi.iv.-.l iiia.le. 
.pialet.. sii-t.iiii 111.' .iit.'rpri-.'.as w,- liml in |Hi;.". the lial.iliti.- .im..iiiit...l 
til Si:). I. '17,2^1. 11;, which imlii.le.l !i:iU,7:P:i.iM ..I 7]..'. .eiit. pr..r.r.ii. e 
lioiid-, .■'l,ii:is,'."s."i.77 "i ."> per cent. -CI. .11.1 niortua;,'.' I.on.ls, an I SI.'.",- 
111)11. if iinp.ii.l int.rest ;..r.it.ital l,.,n.l...l in.h.lil.'.lii.-s ol .■:'l,i.S(l,U7!i.71. 

After l.eiii.; place.l ill the liaml- ..I' a trii-lee, wli.. uliurwanls to.'k 

pr,K'..|..liii^s to h.n-.los. I..liall ..! tlo' pivrerem .• l...ii.l-liol.lei-. an 

airiinis'.nient waseiiter.'.l int.. l.etweeii all the cr.'.l -.l.y whi.li all the 

stock and I. ..nils of the Company oilier than prelerciitiiil were con- 
verted int. I new st...'U at rates vuryiiiK lr..ni KIc. to J."ic. in the dollar, 
whih' the maiia','eiiielit ..I' th.' I'la.'l r.'V. rteil to the pl.-ielelice l.on.I- 
hol.l.'rs, who r..r.v..r waive.l tli.ii ri^lit ..f hired. .sure, l.nl retained 
th.-irlir-t lien in all i-especls, with. .111 prciu.li.'c t.. the pri.ir claim ..I the 
Mnni.ipaliti.'.-. The Act ..f the (Intaii.. l..'>,'islatiire ;,'ivin^ etl'ect t.i 
this a.,'reeiiii.iit,was passe.l at th.' ses-i..n l-ij7-(l--, at whi.li time the total 
pai.l-np -to.k wa- <>nl\ .""177. 1."il. J!l, .1 which nearly the wliole, or 
!?lli.'i, ."..".:;. 1-, li.el liieli tiiriii..| ..ver t., the .■..ntra.l.T-. 

'rile liiLimial -t.ileni.nl sle.w- that of an ailth..ri/.'.l -liaii- capital ..I' 
Sl."ilill,iniii, Sl'.i.'i.iiiitl are snlis.iil.e.l and pai.l up ; that the .iiitli..ri/e.l 
fionih'd .lel.i ain..iints l.i .S-- lii.llnil, of 7 put ..'eiit., all of which is pai.l 
U|i : tll.lt tlul.' i- a ll..alil:,i; .1.1.1 ..I' Iri-^S.ii.'in..".!; h.-aiin^ inlel.-tal7 
percent.; ami tli.il the origin. d e—i ..f lii,' r..a.l. in. Iii.lin- p, iiii.iiieiit 
wav an.l all eiplipmelits, w.i- .-ij.ln l,(l.i-l, ..r !i:ll,l Ill-Ill pel lillli'. 

A penisal ..I the reports, as furnialicd hy the .Secietaiy l'..r the last 
17 yeais. shows the loll..wiii;^ al. -tract of receipts and expenditures : — 
K.MiNiM-s. E.\rENiiiTtni:s. rmiFirs. 

[m;| .- .*.-il,.l.-iH.(i4 S;ill.:;7I.-l'' *C-,'-'!<il..".G 

iHiia .-,7,7- , :i'-.:ilii.71 l',),i;>.My 

IHi;;! .Mi.oiiii.ii'J 4l.;iii.".,4."i I l.4;!:l.."i-J 

|S(M IW.l:i7.l:i -ll.-.'ill.ii:) •Jo.,"iS7.oa 

i,s(i.- m;..',7."i.iii; :iii,i;.'i'.i.7-i •j!i,iii"..ii'J 

iMiii' ii:!,:;ii-.-i fC'.Mii.:;:. 6ii.'.'i4.i;;i 

l,sii;7 i:;s,!Ssi..i7 7ii.l.'.:;..V.i l;^,7;ll.'-'■ 

isiisiinios) 7;;,:us.7i ;)s...).-.ii.ii.-, :f-i,;i.i7.i;ii 

1m;>-i;1i 1- i,!iiii..r; M!,!)!'.'. 1 1 . lol,:iii|.:iJ 

l(<(i.)-70 :;(ij.;ni:!.e7 Ku. l:iJ.U.'i ' !P'-.-171."k: 

),s7(i-7i jrii,iiiiii.;i'.i I i7.i;ii--.o.". I i:;.;ii I.l I 

1,s71-7l' i!7.">,-i:il.'.i'.i |sii.iii.-,.-i.-, 1M,-Ii'..:i4 

1-7.1.75 i:!s, ir,7.:;L' I7i..-il-.i;7 m .i;ii-l.i;.'. 

Is7.-|.7ii l,S-J.|ii.,i.i:ii 1:11. :!(!.".. :;7 .'h.sim.dl' 

l>7i;-77 L'lii.'Jll.iHi ll-,l-Jil.',i.". iil.i.s.i,u;i 

It will he ol.serv.'.l li.'iii th.' ahuve that norcp..rl- were rnrni-lad fir 
I the years lS7'J-7:i and l.'^7:i-74. 

Tin; Canada Ckxtkai., as oriiiinally -o call. ..I. was .luirler.'.l ..11 the 

I IMh M.iy, iMil.aiid wa- simplv an I'Xleii-i.iii ..I th.' ahove r.'n.l imtii 

its th.'U i. rniinii- at Carlel.>n I'la. .' 1.. tin T.wn ..f l'eiiil.r..k.'. It w.i- 

i oi>eii. .1 L.twcen Cailet.'ii Place an.l \riipri..riii l'-7ii.aii.l t. the prc-eii: 

j terminus at iVniliroke in l--7."i, tliewh..!.' I.eiii;,' 7ii.''. mi'es in extent. 

Itesi.les "J. 'J niil.'s of 8iiliiiL;s. 
\ Th.' aiitli.iii/c.l capital st.'i'k ..I thi' I'oa.l iiieln.liii;,- the N'.Mliern 

i Kxteii-ii'ii, no.v nii.lir coii-tiiu Ii..n t'r.nn I'enil.roke i.. ihe pr..poseil 
.a-tt'in t.iuiiiins ,.l' theCana.la I'.i.-ilic al Lake Xipi-siiii;) is .■a7,iiuu,(iiiO. 
The siil.s.'rili.'.l -t.ick is si.s;C>,(iiiii, of which hut ,-<lii.iiii.i is paid up. 
Th.' antli..ri/e.l lioiuled del.t is .<l,:t:i0.i'iiii, all "1 whi. h is pai.l up, an.l 
hi.iriii^' inlere-i at 11 per ..'lit. 

The l.onus.'s r.-.'iiv.'.l l.v that part ol' the rea.l alrea.ly coiisirncte.l 
.nm.niii 1.. .■!i|iir.,:i7."i. ..t which the 1 Intario ( i.>v.'rniiieiit pive ,*1lM,.><7.'i ; 
the r..wii ..I l'..inl.l'..k.'. ,Stii.tKiii ; the 'rown-hip ol' l|..ltoii, .*7.. '1(111 ; ami 
the Township ..t Adaiii-..n. .s'l.i " « I. Th.' H.. mini. .11 (i..v,'iniii.'iit -r.11,1 
•SlUM-Kiil per mil.' r..r that |.arl l.ilwcen 1'. iiil.l..ke ami l.aki- Nipi — iiij;. 
The I'.t.il aiilli..iized capital -liar, ami I...11.I- - ..f th.' .'..mplei.'l .se.ii.h 
was >i-J.:til-,l.'i7. 1."i. 

The ro;i.l is the .'i ft. •'> in. l-aiil;!'. with ii.ni rail-ofilu II. s. to th,. \;ir.|. 
As intimated al...ve. 111.' iwo last-nam.'.l r..a.|s were aiiialL:aiiiate.l on 
the l-t .lnl>, l'-7'-. 11ml. 'r the name ..f ih.- latter- llii. Can ii>A 
CrNniAi.. 

I''ri.iii the la-1 .ilh.ial i.'tiirn- we L.';il!Hr llial llo- ..p.i'aii..iis ..ver !...tli 

loa.l- l..r the U'.ir eii.liiii,' ,liiii,' imili, 1'77, were as L.ll.iws ;- Tiaiii 

' iiiihai;!', :i-l7.-ii:! ; pa-seiiuer- carii. .1. l:ij.ii;'.ii ; ton- of Ini.jht in..v.'.i. 

l-Jli.171 ; passelipr earnini;- .81 I.'.,:i7l.71 ; lle;f;hl ^alllill^-. .-^lyii.a-JH . 

iiiail and .'xpress ;iiiil iiiiscelUi.e..iis, .^l.'i. IMI. ;!,.- : I. .nil eainiUL's. 

s:',.'iI!.iil"-.ii;i ; niaiiiteiiain f peiman.'iit wav, >V-.-.. .•'71.(i:t-1.^7 ; rolliiij^ 

-t... k. .^'til, 7*^7., 'ill : traiisporiati.iii. Ss'.t,7>:i.7-t : t.-iiil w.-rkiii-j expenses, 
i<-^'i:).[ lil.'.iil ; n.'l eaiiiino-, .■^i:'.:', '■117. In. 

The aiiial;_'.iiiiateii ...inpaiiy own 111 luconiotives. 7 lii-1 -class coaches. 
• 4 si'C. .11.1-. la— cars. 1 h.igj;ii;;e ami .'xpress .'ars. 4IJ cattle ,111. 1 lu.x cars, 
and Itlii platl'uriii cai>. 



COUNTY OF CARLETON 



Urioily sliitod, thin mail is .idsuinin,^ im iiinutrUiiH-f wliirh is lio^tint'tl 
to mak; it mf .rl lli,' jjiv.U Iniiiii lii»'- ut ilu.' O.jniiiLinn. loiiniiiK as it 
will :. link ol the j^ifut iiVfiian.l u. (.■u)i-l..-i<i'ah t'aiiaihaii I'ai-ilii' 
llailnMV syxtcui ; ami ihat tln' luuHiK-irial iiiip.irtaiii'L' of lIu' iM)ulal a-. 
W.4I as ill metiM|Mlit«ii cliaiiKtir will In' va-ily incroaMil liy tlu' ciuu- 
pK'lion of lliu Camiila'Central it trii.' 1pi>\oii'I lIu' -li^-litost .iji|i..ilmiit,v 
ibr coutioviTsy, 

Till' lali) Si'iiitor K.hIlt. .if WatiMln., i)m:. w.i- for many y.'ars tin' 
leailini; ipii'it of h.jtli railways now fiinuin,;,' llir I'ana.l.i I'.iilral. II.- 
was chief mvniT of the -liarLMapilal, ai well as Mananin^' DiriTtoi' of 
b.itli. Till' {{I'lifi-al olllces iif ilii. rnail aru at llr.ickvilli., .'X.-fpt that of 
till! tii'iifiiil .Snp.Tiiitc-ii.lont, who i«~tali.ini.l al Ottawa. The foil. .will'.; 



ail' iliu i,'uiici-.il ..Ili.'iT- foi till 



Ml- 1-7 



•I Ml 



Ui.'hartNoii, 



I'lviiiili'iit ; Aivhihal.l jlaki'i'. S^i ivtary ami (Ji'iirral Mananir ; fail 
Matthat'i, Tii'a-iir.T un.l Au.lil.n- ; T. A'. MiKiiiiion, Siipiiiiiti'mli-tit. 

An.ither mo->t iiiipoi'taut railway, ami .nif wtiicli I'onn^ ..lU' of thu 
ohiL'fcoiini-.'tin^' links .if tlii' ^ii'ut tlir.ni'^h -lysti'iii, ami in reality liclonK's 
to Ottawa an.l Carli'lon— tliiiii.,'li not ivally enlinini,' the tiMrit.nial 
limits of i-ithiT —is the 

IJI^liUKi:, MONTIIKAI., .iriAWA, ANIi .l.'lUlKXI \l., 

whiisu pi'i'si'iit wi'-ti'iu ti'nninii" i" in llif lity .if Hull, anil who-i' 
course is in.licat.'il by its name. SVi* will i^ive tliis lin.- a proper share 
uf attention in our refereiico to Hull. 

WATERWAYS. 

L'ntil witliin n. comparati\eiy reci'iit .latif, the existenee ..f any ..tlier 
facilities th.iii the ve.iterways of the earth, as the nieans .if eomnierce 
anil communication, was never thoii^'ht of. excjpl l»y the traiiiti.iiial 
resort to the cirav.in. whose liistory is as ..l.l as the history .if tin- 
worl.l ; altliou.{li it iliil not receive— ii.ii' .li. I it .elmit of -,iny materia! 
ileveloimient il.irini; a period exteii.liii!^ .iver fhoiisaii.U ..f years ..f 
uninierriipteil use, 

Waterw.iys, on tlio contrary, experience 1 many sta','eH of ilevelop- 
luent. the tiei^inniii.^ of which .iiUes h.ick to the earliest ..f thi- threat 
nations of iinti.inity. This .levelopiii.'iit haslieeiinf tw.. kiiels first, 
of the ways an.l means ..f utilizin,' the waterways which n.itiire i^ave. 
and as she gave thoiu : anj next, in an arlilieial development of those 
minor I'lit scarcely leas iiiioiirtaiit internal vvater-eoiirses. hy renuivini^ 
oxi.'aiin' iiatur.ll ol>stru.''i"iis to their freest use. Althoiioh the .seeon.l 
stage cl;iims almost o.pl.il :inti.|ility to tie/ lirst -s.iiin' ..f the canals of the 
.'inoieifis lioing work.s of ^tupeiidous extent aii-l surpnsin'_f architect nral 
merit -yet the true ii..;.' of the .ievelopmi'iit ..f that particular elas" of 
waterways helongsiJiuo^t t.ithe present gener.jtion — haviiiolmt recently 
pijece led the railway ni^e, the liegiiiniii.j of which is still in the rec.ii- 
teotion of very many of th^- prd'-iit .lay. To the prmlent .loehip- 
lU'-'Ut of th'' (ir^t was .lue the t.iweriii'_' iii igiiiticenci' an.l uielispiiti-l 
suiireiu icy of the greatest i'iii|. ires. Tile I'h.enici.ins, the .\tlieiii;iiis. 
the Lice lemonians. the (.'arthagiiiiaiis. the Koiiiiiis. and the W-m- 
tiaiH, were in their tune the i;r.iiid examples of the powir an.l ma'^'iii- 
ticL'liceof empire, ami the ex|i..iients of maritime supremacy eomliined ; 
wliile later, the history of the Uuteli. the S|ianish. ami the I'lirtuguese 
hut adds to the recor.l of commercial as well as political -.^'reatness. f.il- 
lowino in the tr.iiii of those who go .lowii to the .sea in ships. 

.Advantages t.f positi.ui — many eoinei.lelices .if most favoralile eir- 
cimntances— the opportune growth of scieiitilic .iisco\-eries. an.l the 
conse pient .level'ipmelil .tf mechanie.il aiipliaiices -dlave all eoinliine.l 
at .1 still later day -with the iii'lonutalile spirit an.l nnc.iii.pieralile 
ileteriuinati.^a of a race wlei have Iieeii often e iiHiuere-l. hut never yet 
s lb lue I— to jilaje the present .Mistress of the Seas in a p.isitioli which 
f.jr p iwjr, iiitlneiiej, m ignilieence, riches, ami extent of emjiire eoni- 
bine I, f.ir excjj 1* any of the others, whose greatness was in an eininent 
degruj — as i> a'.sii tint of the present Uritish Kiin.ire— .lue 1.. the 
development of ilM'e mintiine interests whi.h siibsc lueiitly resiille.l 
in a maritime supremacy. And while the -Moth.'r (.'.luntry has been 
pushing her commerce t. the f.irtiiest shores of every sea. ami the 
ocean hig'.iways throughout the glolie are eovere.l with her Hag. her 
noblest colony b is >;ea lily ami with rapi.llv increasing stri.ies f.illowe.l 
ill her path, till the (J aua-iian mere iiitile marine iioiv also covers every 
sea, while the highw.iys ..f comineree of the Ooiuinioii nierehantim-n 
ate as wiile as the Worl.l ; an.l this r.'sult has been attaine.l by the 
judicious doveloiinieiit and artilicial iiiqirovenieiit ..f the niagiiineiiit 
natural w.iter-siretchca, of which the interior .if the Ooniinion pus- 
sesses a greater pro[i.iru.in aiel of greater natural beauty an.l grandeur 
than any .itlier known p..rti.iii ..f the globe. 

Without reference to the gr.ui.l canal system of the country ,i.- .. 
wh.ile— which is pir '-ec'-lh'if'- one of its main jioints of attr.ictio'i in 
a c nnmereial view— we will .simply .state that the works ..t lb.' Ottawa 
Vallev are .auMli'.' the most valuable ami nii]iiorl;inl links oi thewli.ile 
sy.stem. wliieli IS pr.;-euiiii.-ntlv a nali.'iial one, m its fnlhst sense. 
This part ot the chain cuiiprises s.'Veral lilfks, e.iiistruete.l at .liirentit 
limes, an.l uti.ler .litferent circumstanees ; an.l of these secer.il links, 
tli.ise closely eonnecto 1 ones known as the 

OuiiS.\N' K I'A.N.M.s are ill many rt'spects the most iiuiiortant. 
Tiiese comprise the C.irillon. the ('liiile a Hlon.leau, the (ireliville. and 
the Uideau C.llials ; and are ealle.l the "Onlnanee I'alials" fr.uii the 
fa;t that they were built by the military authorities of th.- [m|ieri.il 
li.iveriiiiient, umler the .lireeii.in .if the li.i.inl of Or.lnance, an.l for 
purely inilit iry purjio.ses. liei'iiiuing with these in the order iiaimd. 
we will brietly refel to th. in in turn. 

Thk Cauii.i.on (.'a.nai. was f.nin.l necessary, in making a practicable 
navigible route t.i the bikes i-i.i the Ottawa, in or.lerto .ivercoine the 
K iplils of the -ante name, over which th.' waters of the Ottawa rush 
inti the hea.l of the Likc.f Tw.i .\Liuiitains. It is built on the \ortii- 
ern ..r Quebec si.l.' .d the rii.'r ; an.l t.i aviii.l an expensive e.vcavati..ii 
it WAS .iecidu.l t.i 111 ike a summit level ami supply it with water from 
■a neighboring tributarv of the Ottawa. kn..wn as the North liiver. It 
was hit .lesigtie.l that the lo. ks sIlouM be UlSx'.'d feet, thes.iiiie as the 
oM Leichiii.' I'alial. but in l)^M. the original pl.iii of the Ki.leau being 
chango.l, this -as a part .if it was als.i ehaiig.i.l. The billowing are 
the princijial points of its dimensions ; - 

L.jiigth of Caiml -'i "ules. 

N'o. of L leks (i rising' aiel 1 falling) 1). 

Dimensions of L.icks ll'MxliiiJ an.l l'.'tiix;t2|. 

T.ital Licka'ge(L'l,' iipaml 111 .l.iwn) :i4,'feet. 

Ueptli of water on sills 'i " 

lirea.lth of Uanal at bottom :«' " 

llreadth of Canal lit surface ■'*< " 

Length ot feeler b'.'.lOU r.V.as. 



The locks are of ciH stone, and suliBtanlially built. 
ilesigiiL'il by othcers of the " Koyal Statf i '.iriia ' in l-in, 
umler their nnperinlen.leiice soiue year- later, It is situ; 
by the line of uavigutioli, above the |ireselit ,St, .\tine 
entrance t.i Lake St, Ij.iiii-. The separate cost of th.' ' 
been ascertaineil. 

'I'm: Cut ii: i lii.o.vnKAf (,'an,vi. is -itnatcil four 
Carillon, and is al.so on the Quebec shore. It was des 
by the same parties an.l at the same time as the Car 
neeeasavyin orler to avoi.l the Rapid alter which it is i 
lowing are its .tiniensions ;- - 

Length of Canal , J of 

No. of Locks I 

Diniensionaiif Locks .1:10 .'•>-llx,S'.' o-O (top) x3(«i| (b. 

Loeka.ge a,' fe 

Depth ..f water on sills I'l 

Itrea.llh of Canal (same top ttiiil battoni)... 11(1 
Tut; (lKF,xvti.i.K Canai. is much more extensive than 
other two. It commi'iices 1^ miles above the heiul of 
lUondeall. an.l is itself ,*i'| miles long, c.intaitiing 7 loci 
size ft-.. Ill IniM.lj 1.1 l:)il|ix;iL','. I'.'i't. has a t.dal rise of r 
built on the l,lllebec shore, b.r the purpose of oveie. 
Sanlt Kapi.ls, It was designe.l an.l eoinmeliced at lli.' 
the tw.i last-naineil canals, and three locks were e. 
oriL'inal plan of the Uideau before the alterations in lb., 
.leci.l.'il up. .11, 

.\ll rec.ir.ls relating t.i the eonstrnctiofi of the Card 
111. .11. lean, an.l lireiivilh' Canals were destroyed by lire 
nance Olliee in Montreal, in IH.'i'J. so that no statistics of 
be obtaine'l. From statements ..f parties engage. I in 111.' 

h..wever. it appears that the (irenvill.i was i ipleted 

I'hiite ,1 111 lean in 1S:1-J, an. I th.' C,irill..ii in l.-Soo ; th 

formally opened on the '.'Itli April, IH.'U, ami tluit the 
.Vii'lrew. with two barges in tow, w;is the first to pass tl 
the most important link in the Ordiian.e Canal chain, 
is the 

UttiKAf CAXAi„the cotistrnetion of which was t.iken u 
tioii by the Imperial (lovernmenl in ISlf, even befor.' th 
.Vngl. I- American war : and in I.-^I,"! C-.l, Nichols, then c. 
U-iyal l-'iigineer C.uiis ni Can.ida. was directed t,i send ; 
port on tile practicability ..f w,iter cmininnicati. n b.'twe 
St, Lawrence and Lake Ontario, liy way of the Ottawa 
Rivers, 

C.ipt, .lebb, K, K,. was .eeonliiigly detaileil for tin 
amine. 1 tw.i lines the lirst starting from Kingston, an.l 
lini' sulise.pleiitl\ a.l.'].te.| the see.'li.l starting fr.iiii the 
.liv.'roiii',; tr.im the Ri.le.lu at Irish Creek, .'i.'i luil.'s ab.a 
f.tllowing this creek to it- source, then em-sing a sliurt - 
source of Fish Creek, a trdmtary of the ' atara.pll, wliic 
to it- mouth, then .also the litter stream to its m.iutli at l< 
rep.il'ted b'ltli routes practicable, but expri'-se.l a ilecidi 
f..r the latter, as being the sli..rter 

N.ithing mof.' was d..iiv. Ii 'Wevi'r. till IH'JI , when, in r. 
.\ct .if the rp|ier t'ana.la Legislaluri'. e..(iiiiiissi.inei's w..' 
t.i empiire int.. and report n]ioii the internal lia\ii;ation 
vinee : an.l in further.ince of the scheme, .Mr. .Samuel t 
was ajipointe.l in 1H'J4 to make another survey ..f the |iro| 
the Imperial ll.oernnient liavin._' otfer.-d a l.iali ; f f7'i,i 
(iliti.tiii, t'ociril the constructl'iii of a canal. .Mr. t.'lmies . 
two routes previously exploie.l by ('apt. .lebb. U.K.. luitco 
short r..illte objectionable, on aeeolllit of the supp.ised ilii 
of sultieienl wati-r supply, he reeommemle.l the other, wl 
to foU'.w the Ki.leau ami Calaraipll Rivers their entile h 
his re[iiirt he submitte.l three j.laiis, as folhiws ; 

1st 7 feet deeii. with locks liii 

•-•nil.") " ■• " ••< 

:ird 4 " ■• •• 7 

an.l in IH'J.'i the eoinmittee to whom the reports ami i.l 
mitt. '.I, ric..mmen.led thea.loption of the sec.illd plan, f.Tr 1 
VIZ, : 

1st, That the canal was t.. be u^M entirely or (diieli 
]iiir[i.ises : 

•Jiid. Tliat a canal large enough to transport, with e.ii 
.|escri[.tions .if military an.l naval stores w.mld all'i rd 
securitv by being of larger diiiiensioiis ; and 

.Inl! That the .pie-ti.ui .if the supremacy of the lakes 
be .letennined by the greater powerof shipbuilding on th 
selves ; and the fbivernnielit of I'pper t.'anada, eoii-ide 
...ntinnation of the .St. Lawrence Canals would be a grea 
to the e.iiiiiiier.'ial interests of the Province than the cii 
,e/ the lil.leau. 'l.-cline.l the oli'er of tlie Home (b.ver 
then at once t....k the matter up for theiiiselv.'s, an.l s.-nt 
ye.ir (IHL'.-ilfr.im KiiLdaiid Col. .1. C. Smith, Ll.-Col. Sir i 
.Major Harris, all of the It.iyid Engineers, with insti'uet 
on the various Public Works of Canada, an.l to submit; 
e.i-t of th.' Ki.leau (..'anal- lock- to be liisxyo, ami .'i feet 
sills. The.se ..Ulcers estimated the cost iit i'|i;!),iii.ll stg., oi 
;ilid the Imperial anth-irities in conse.plenee at once ilei 
the canal at their own i'\].ense, Ll.-Col. |ty, R.i:., b( 
the e.irly |i;irt of ih.' billowing year (LSlilljto ;itti'ml the w 
revisions ;in.l .ilter;iti.iiis of the original plans inere;ised 
mate to £7(l'-','o'.l. or .«L',Hiii;,HHl,()(; : and even this .'slii 
luatelv' very largely exceeded, 

in reg;ird to the progress of the eonstrncfioii of the ca 
the tincleu- of Hyt.iwii, which has since .levelojied into tl 
tawii, an.l 1111. ler tli;it Ilea. I the .letaiks of the work will be 
longing more aii|ir..prialely in that place. 

With respect to tin- Or.lmmee C;inals generally, it n 
tinned tlnit after their coiiipietion they coiitinile.l for l 
be o|ier;ited by the Imperial I lovernment. In bSIs, h 
was an olbr t.i transfer tlieiu to the eontnil of the I'rovi 
nient, .-'.iiili.liug tli.-ii m;iii;igciiient to a mixed lni;ir.l 
milit;iry ollicers ; but he state of thi^ (iimiices .lid not w;ii 
Mii.-ial (bivernnient it accepting the .itfer, ;is it w;is suji] 
of nianagement iin.I r.-fiairs wont. I e\.:ee.l the reienue, 
repeated by tl ilonie (lovernmeiit on the 'An\ Mareli, I 
C'.nsi.lerable negotiations aa to the eotidiii.ins .if the trai 
oiler .if .Inly i4tll was dechire.l ;iccepl;ibli; by an (b'.ler 



F CARLETON.— CoNTiNUKD. 



XV. 



iMtt utoiic, iinil BUlntniitinllv built. Tho work Wiis 
if lliu " Hciyiil Stiitr ('.irps'' in ism, ninl cxucuted 
unilftiCL' Hoino yiMii'^ later. U in »itu;ito<l -7 iiiilo.H, 
HliiMi, .'iIkivi' the pru-si'iit iSt. .\mu''.i I/kI;, i\t tlii' 
Loiii-. The H(![)itmto ('Dili i>f tlu'woik Ims iiuvur 

i.u.Niii;.\r Cax.^i. is "itimtcil fcmr iiiilcs ii'u ..'tlic 
on tilt! l^iluliiM! tiliiirc. It was tlfsii^lK^d aiul liiiilt 
.uiil at the .saiiK! tiiiiu an the Carillon, anil ua.s 
avuiil tlu' KapitI attt-r wliicli it is tiatueil. riiu fnl^ 
»ions : . 



lal.. 



i (if a niile. 



I 



' Locks... KID r>-(lx32u-6(tiip)x3(l| (liottum . 

:)} ffot. 

jr cm sills il 

iiial ('ainu top anil liuttmn^... :I0 

t'ANAi. \n lunch more oxtt'iisivi' than t-ilhcr of tlu- 
rni'nci"- U niili'n aliovc tlm ln'ail of the Chnto a 
fclf ."ij niilt'.i lonij, contiiinini; 7 locks, varviii',' in 
I i:iiiiix;tL','. icct, ha.s a total ri»c of ri;. anii i» also 
c shoic. for the [inrpo.sc of ovcrconiin!,' the l,oii|,' 
as ilcsii;uc.l allil cointncliccil at tlu' satiif tiiao as 

canals, ami three locks were constructcil on the 

Kiilcau hefore the alterations in those plans were 

in.; to the constrnctiofi of the Carillon, Chnte a 
iiville Canals were ileslro.vecl hy lire in the (Inl- 
Ireal, in IH.)l!. .so that no -talistics of llu.ir cost can 

slalcnnnis of |iarties eiii/aLreil in ilie lonstriiction. 

I that the (irenville w;is i|i|cteil in ISiii. the 

II I.S:lL'. aiel the C.irillon in l.i:;;l ; tint they were 
the L'llh .\pril, l.i:)t, anil th.it the steamer St. 

lar^cs ill tow, was the tirsi to pass throiiL^i. IJiit 
link in the Onlname Canal chain, in every res]iect, 

.hi' construction of which was t.ikeii into coii-iilera- 
1 tliivernnienl in l.sit, even helore t|ii. dose of ilie 
r: an.l in isi.'i C.il. Nichols, then coniin.anilinu the 
ps ni Can.iila. w.is ilirtfcicil l.i scml an olliccr to re- 
hilily of w.iter comnmnicatii n lietween the Lower 
Lake Dntario, hy way of the Ottawa .iiel IJuhaii 

. . was a.conlinoly iletaileil for the iliity, ami ex 
he lirst startiii'i from KInoston, aid foliowim; the 

lopteil the sei I startini; from the ( lllaw.i. .m.l 

Itiilc.in al Irish Cleek, ."i."' miles ahove its moiilli. 
to it' >oiirce, then cro-siie.,' a short summit lo the 
'k. a ir'linlary of the ' atar.upii, wliicli he fojloweil 
ilso the latter stream to ilsiniuitii at Kin^'ston, He 
•s practicalile. Init expres.-'cil a ilcciile.l preferenie 
n^' tile shorter 

IS iloiif. however, till IH'.'I. when, in rus|ionse to an 
'anaila l.ei^islatiire, commissioners were appointeil 
port upon the internal navigation of the I'ro- 
ler.mce of the scheme, Mi-. .Samuel Clowes, C, K , 
'J4 to make another siirve> of the piopo.,.,! route 

iinient lia\iiiu' otlcr-il a loan ; f tT". , or.^;[iii,- 

■onstruction of a canal. .Mr. ','loHes e.\.imiiie-l the 
t'Xploieil l.y (,'apt..lclili, U.K., lint consi.lerini,' the 
,lile. on account of the siijipo.scil ilupracliealiilit v 
ipply, he recoinmeniloil the other, which propo.se. I 
uiil Caiaranni Kivers their untiic lenoth ; ami in 
eil three plans, as follows : - 

.with locks Kill X i2. 

Wi .X I,"). 

7:i X 111, 

imittec to whom thu reports ami plans were suh- 
il the ailoptioii of the secimil Jilan, (Ifr three reafons, 

lal was to I.e iiscil entirely or chielly for military 

roe enough to transport, with convenience, all 
try anil naval stores woiihl atl'i nl no mlcJiiional 
lari^er ilimensions ; anil 

-tilin of the snpreniacy of the lakes woulj alway.^ 

ijreatcr imwerof sliip-liuililin!,'iin ilio lakes them- 

ernmeiil oi I'pper Canaila, eon-iilerino that tire 

t. Lawrence (.'.uiiils woiiM he a Ljre.iter a'l\anta;;e 

crests of the I'rovince than llii' eiiciiitou.s nmie 

liiicil the otl'er of the liome liovcrnineiii, which 

matter ii|. for themselves, ami sent out the same 

lami Col. .1. C. Smith, Ll.-CI. Sirli. Ilintc, ami 

the Uoyal l']ni;ineers, with instructions to report 

c Works of Camilla, anil to siilnnit an e.^tiin itc of 

iiial- lock- to he liisx',i(l, anil ."i feet water on the 

limati'il the cost at i'lll!l,i«,il st','., or •■<S:;_',4i;i;,(;ii, 

onlies in coli.sei|ilcnce ,al once ileciile.i to Iniilii 

wii expense, Li. -Col. liy, It.lC, lieiiii; sent out 

■ illowino yi-.ir (LSL'ilJto attenil the Work. Various 

lis of the original plans increaseil the tirst usti- 

■'i.\Hini,HHI.(i(; ; anil even this estiiiiate was iilti- 

cec.leil. 

lii^'ress of the construction of the oaii.al, il foriiiui.1 
11. which has since ilevclopeil into the City of l)t- 
he.iil the ilctails of the work will he foiinil, as he- 
lali'ly ill th.al place. 
lo 'inhiancc Canals ;.;cnerally, it iiiiolit he men- 

r c plelion they eontiniieii for many years to 

iipi'rial liovernmunt. In 18-ls, however, there 
I liictu to the control of the I'lovincial limeiii- 
iiiaiuciement to a niixeil Imaril of ci^il an<l 
ill' st.ite of the tinances iliil not w.-irrant the I'ro- 
iiccepting the oiler, as it was suppo.sol the cost 
.'pairs woiilil exceeil the revenue. 'I'liu oner was 
lioverniuent mi the Uiil .March, I.H."i;!, ami after 
lolls as to the uoiiilitions of the transfer, the linal 
leclareil accuiitalile hy nil Urilcr-in-tAiuncil of 



Net IteVellile 



'"iD.U. 



.Vs in the cise of the ilr.ln.'inie Canals proper, the Ste. .Xniie's has 
lii'cn falling.. ..If ..f Lite years, lli'.uoli ii'.t to so .^re.it an extent. The 
aiuoiint of reci.'iiits ami expeii.litures mi the whole of the I li'ilnance 
(,'aiials —with the Ste. .Vnne's imluileil— for the last li.sc.il year reporteil 
(eiiiliiiK.'inie ;)Olh, 1H77.I is as helow : 



nopalm. 



I .sufTaiiil 

; .MtiilituiirtliCO. 



Ste. Anne's.. 



J? ;il(,iHi:i.()H(5 l,7f><i.!i;)!.«l l,<iH:J.(i.5 * 3.'t,7-12.U0 

'''chn;''','iC'ie!^;.* } -•'^■■s«'"*' "'eW'.ii'ii 1 1 .o:..,.i;7. i;.i7,(n»i.a7 



21J.1J1 . 14,ll),s. IHl J.-,,!!.-,;)..-.!! Il),:t7l.sr) 



lliile.iu 

I lr:> ml'riitalexpe iiilit»roS27r>,»'i."'.'-';i.'^ai,2.')!l. 171-^ ■t8,!ti»2. 4S ^H 1 ,1'0(1.H8 



Tolls. 



Ilyilraiillc lloloiicni itlll' 
Uciit4. 



due. 



TnUL 



.Ste. Auub's ? .■l.ost).0."i 

L'arillon, (h'enville. A' f ,,, .,,,,.-.0 

Chntuii Itlomleiiu.. ) '"■"■"■>, 

lii.hau .-..IIImOiJ l,U211.7o 



.V.>.4li* ;i,132.,')l 

I.1117. Hi 4l,Ii!l!.M!l 
'_'7H.4:i 7,024.M» 



tiraml Total Ueceipls. . i 4«,3iW.48 S l,02».7r..8 l,;(48.05ia 51,284.28 



the I'lovincial I lovcrninont, iliitinl 14tli Huiitciiiliur, of thu inniu year. 
The terms were not liiially eoiitirmecl, however, till IS.'i"), when I'oth 
Parliaments ratitie.l it, ami the lo'Viriior-tieiieral m piirsiiiince of the 
rroviiu'ial .\ct in lli.il l.ehalf issiieil liis ( irilir-in-C'iiuncil on '.'6tli 
.lannaiy, I8."itl, which was aoaiii coiitinned l>y the Act I'J \ ic., Cuii. 15, 
i.'ii the mth .lime following,'. 

The canals were snlisec|iienlly (ISril March, L''77) placml umlor the 
control of the Di'partiueiit of I'ulilic Works, wlieie they have since con- 
tinueil their expensi's of manje^'emeni, iVc liavini; heen assunieil hy 
the I'rovincial llovernmeiil since ticlol.er 1st, IHM, from which time 
to the ilale of Conh'ileralion. .luly Isl, IS117, these expenses aniolinteil 
t I the Slim of .'i'iil7,l 111. I.'i. There was collect cil from the hcKinning of 
18.'i7 (the lirst ollicial lecoril of 1..II receipts) u|. to the last ahovu-men- 
tioneil .late the followino sums: l.'<.%7, .-il 1 ,l7-'.;;o ; I8,"», I»y,;t7.'>.8& : 
Ix.Mi, si(i,7.i;iiiii; I'.iiii. Si;i,|(i:i.o7: Ihiii, .•-i|7,74.-<.'.'!i ; IHil'j, S<l7,8,"i0.ii;i ; 
I -I'.:'.. .-'K.h.sI.k: ; l.si;i.(six monlhs, .l.'iniiarv I si 1.. .lulv 1st) .■<."i.t«)7.81 ; 
lrtil4 "1. .-.ilo.Ki.'i.JL' ; ISII."i.(l, .«!|:i,ri'.(7.1.'l ; IHiii) 7, .si(i.(;i8,.SH ; or a total 
of f<l.'i7,l.'i.'i.- i. Of this aniouiit, however, a vi'ry laroe proportion was 
refumleil on "free o(„,,|h"- though ivhy a >iiiall army of ollicials sliouhl 
he kept to collect tolls anil paylliem I'iu'ht hack ay.'iin it is ililliciilt to 
see. The followini,' ammints rc]irrseiil the "refilnils" linrino the ahove 
pcrio.l : 18i:ii, SJ|i,;tii|. 17 ; 18111, .s|7,i;,'il..Vi; l8i;o, .si7,'''.'4.7.'l; (L'-'ll'i 
reiluctimis aholisheil hy Orilerin-Cnincil) or a total of .'?.Vi,'>l)7.4.-i, 
aijuinst a t..tal collection of .*.'i7,llll-'.'-'!> ilnring the years l8iit).|il-t)L' ; 
havi'ii; the net rcci.i|.ts for a peri ..I of three years, only ."il, 11)4.84. 
The revenue of these ciinals has iie-ii ','railnally fallino oil', till now they 
have Come t" he .luite a serious ch.ir:,'e on the c.iuntry, aiul 111 reality 
have reverte.l to what t hoy were oriLjinally ilcsioneil for a system of 
stratei.'ical military works, which, ii is to he h.iiie.l, will very long 
continm' to he useless os hiu-Ii. In close c.ninection with the same sys- 
tem, anil really a part of il llioiijh l.iiilt iimler iliU'erent auspices, iinil 
never incliiileil with the (.inlnaiice 1 'aiials - is the 

SrK. .\n\i;'s[... ii'K.sitnateilal the ol.l French villaoe of the. sanienaine, 
I."! miles from the heail ..f Lachine (.'anal, ami lietween the foot of Lake of 
Two Mountains ami Lake .St. l...uis. The nttaw;i Hivcr a: u . c"Utlu- 
eiice with the St. Lawrence is iliv iiied int.. four channels, l'\ ihrre I-s- 
lamls the Islaml of .M.mtreal in the eeiitre, •■',i miles long l.y In at its 
wiliest point ; Isle .lesus, iiorthwar.l of the latter, LHI^ niih-s long ami 
about 7 hroail ; ami Isle I'errot, hetweeii Montreal Islaml ami Van- 
.jri'iiil. The .lill'erence ill the water levels of Lake of Two Mountains 
anil Lake St. Louis is three I'eet, an.l twi.of the channels of the Ottuwa 
Delta c.ilineet these, illlcr si.le of Isle I'eri'ot. 

As e.irly as I8;tl. the Lower 1 'ana.l.i Leuislatnre maile an appropria- 
tion to overcome these rapiils, hut the mailer was piosecuteil no further 
than to have Lt Col. Ihivernet, li.H., make a survey iiinl report plans. 
' In 18:14 Mr. T. K. .Imie- presentdl a petition to the Legislalnie pray- 
ing to he .illow. .1 to eonstriiet a canal along the front of his properly in 
the village of Ste. .\iiiic, with power to collect toll, ami allhongh il was 
hivoralily reporte.l 111 comiuitti'e, it was ilefcateil at the M'comI reail- 
ing. riic next year further surveys ami nporls were nia.le hy i 'apt. 
Vule, U.K.. hut not acteil upon. 

liy this time, however, the necessity of the work w.is .so generally 
felt tint in aii-wer toll vi'i'v intliienti.il petiti..n pnsenteil to the Legis- 
lature .111 l-'ehrnary Jlili. is:'.ii, the l'r..v inci.il llovenimeiit at once took 
stcjis which re-iilt'eil ill ilie liuil.liiig of the present lo.k - thmigli there 
were S.I many pieliininary ililliciiltics to he overcome that it wa- not till 
.\ugusl, |.s:l;), tiiat the Lower f'anaila lloaril of Works ilepuieil an 

engineer t ake the necessary siii veys ;,u.l plans, ami eonlracls f.irllie 

w..rk were signeil .May I8ih. |H|(i I'he ililliculties ahove referieil to 
were chielly in cmin.'ction w itii negotiations v\ ith a private company who 
owmil a c.inal on tin- nmst ailviiiit.i','eoils position for tile coiistriicthin 
of sucli a vv.irk. This was Imilt aseuly as Isir, l.y the ".St. .\nilrew's 
Steam l''orwar.iilig Co.," hut was al this (iiue in the liamls of the " Ot- 
tawa l''orwai'iling Co.," who ha'l reliuill the einal 111 Is.'l'J-:!, ami 
elllargeil the lock to the same cap:icily ,1, the smallest of the (irenville 
Canal locks. The m";oliations faileil, ami tliu almve canal was ilhan- 
iloncil alter the c.i.ipletion of ihe present mie, wloeli was not eirecteil, 
however, till Ihe lltli Novemher, 18111, althoiigli heats pa.sseil through j 
as earlv as the •JtUli ,lliiie preceiling. 

The original est of the vv.uk wa- .■:<l!i,8tlli.oo [^ c.uisisls of one | 
hick, llillxl.'i fuel, with wing ilaiii iiml guiile, ami protection piers ; 
ahove au'l helow - Willi a lockage of three fee!, a ileptli of SIX feet at low I 
w.ileroii the sills, ami the whole licing Iml 1 of a mile in lenglli. In j 
a.lilili.in to the original est as ahove, the liivlher sum of .SI l4.."''.N1.4i| ; 
vv.is expemled hy liie I'rov iiieial (l.ivernmeiit ii|i..n the hick, |.rior to ' 
Coiifeiteratimi. 

The foll.iwing statement will show gciss ami net revenue for tho 
year prior to <_'oiile(leration ; 

(iross llevenuu .S7,4lli.4li. 

Salaries ami expenses of Cnlleciioii 8 lll'.t.'ja. 
I Mamtcnanco anil Uepiiirs I,:;i4.i)li. l,8!j;i.32. 



XVI. 



IIISroRICAL SKl'lC 



'Tutu I l(ucul|>tf. 



Tulul Kx|>uiiUI 

llllL'. 



Sttv Aihio'h «l y,KI2.5r«:j:i,7-4l.MJii 

<\n;i!ln,,..Jro>.v.lhuV / 4,,,2(l.H0! 'JtlT,-'!..' :i7 

1 hu(u ii lll"iii|i':iu. \ J 

uiciuiiu I ".iiji.NNj •i((,:)7i.(tri 



Umiiil Tiitiiln :* r.l,2S4'.'«:«UI,'J(W.«K 



Ni>thiii|{. 



')ji'jHlM':i-'.tlii 



Tlio uiuisv i>f tint ruoui|>ti of till) Htv. Aiinu'n being mi hiuiiII is, tli.il in 
iiiiiiiy uii»('» "tlirniii,'li" mli'H iiri' culli'i'li'il iit llu: ( IK.iwii sIhIkhi, 'I'Iumi' 
iilii"ilnti'il lo eiL'll.iirT.M:) .liiliii;,' llic vc:ir, ,1 |.r..|."rli"liiilf -haii' uf 
wliii'li slioiilil III' !ul'li.'<l Ici till' Si.'. Aiiiii'-, iiihl ili'cliii'li'il Iruiii tliii I 'ui'il- 
Inii iiiiil < ti'i!ii\ ilUi liihiU. 'IMir tulul i-i'siilt IS nt' (.'Hiinit' tliu tiaiiiu ; iiiiil 
HI' liiiil lliiit if HI. -iil.li'iii t lilt' MI,.'llN.ii."i I'unii'il I.I till' L'l-i'ilit i.f iMirii- 
iiiU's, wliifli ari' I'l'iilly tiiil\ "l.al.iii.'i'-i 'lilc," tlii' ti.tal i'\i'L'ssnf i'\|u'iiit 
iMll'i'H n\ fc i'c('ci[.ts nil lliis illalliut fallals for a Hlli'^lf Vi'al aliiMiiiils 
t" till' i-atluT slarllliiK siiiu i.f Si'iil ,'J7ii,i;:i ; l.ui this sIiuhim;; is an rs 
ci'|ilit»ially iiiil'avtiruliti' oiir, lui iii-l'ihihi nf tlic 1hi';;ii uinnuiil liciiii; 
s|ii;iit iliiiiiii{ tliu yi'iii' iiiicli'i' till' 111' .1 >>f riiiislriictiiiii »liicli is iniii'li 
lM'\nii,t tin- a\ri-.i'4i', alltiiai'^li very heavy aiiiniiiits arr I'Vju'inlcil yi-arly 
llll'lrr the saliu' lu-a'l. 'rin'li' alf at |trrsrlil vrl\ i-xli'lisi\r alti-rat inns 
ali'l rt'|<air.s in i-"iiti'iii]ilali"li at Sti'. Aiiiii''s, tor u liiili ti'inli'i i liavo 
ulffiiily liouii calk'il Ity tlin l)(']iui-tiiiL!iit uf I'lil-lii! W'nrKs. 

L'n ' all iv<' 111' In h- all llui • inaU ill m[) -raiiini in tlif Ollawa sy-li-in, 
iiUIii)ni,'h an rxti-ii^iuii nl' that sy>tcni lias lirrii aiiinii^ iln- nitili'iiiplali'il 
i'iilut|pris('. III Hill' imlilii' 111111 iiir iimiiy yi'.ii>, aiii| I'V tln' y.ir IH.'i;! ii 
I'Uiiii' III III' till' -I'llli'il I'liiu II liiiii that lai iiiiil'^ lui navi^aliiiii shinilil l<i' 
i.'\li'iiiliil III thi' r|i|ii T I itlawa. I'.y tin- iii'M yiai, \^y,i. tlii" imu ii'tinii 
ii"ninuii till' riiiin iif ili'liiiili' aili.m in tin' -liapr nf surveys hy i'ii);iiiii'i'- 
uiiili'i- till' iliri'i'tnin iif tin- ili'ji'irliiii'iit uf I'liMie Winks; liniii wlii'-i' 
li-jiiills. |ii',si'iiti'il in Mall h, I'-.'il, it w Is ili'ciilnl tiilinilil lalial- annin.l 
till' I 'li.iililii'l'i' Kail-, wliH'li llii|iisli' iiavi.L,'atiiiii at I Itlawa, alul llii'l'hal- 

U'l]ili|s, :t:[ Iiiil('4 fill'tll r U|l till' liver. 'rile |lljtll I'litli lllileil lljiull eiill- 

teln|ila;e.l Ineks I'.MIsl.'i feet, willi " leef iif Water nil the sills, wllirll 

wiiiilil rei|iiiri' s :i II mill's uf .aiml, with a ri-e nf liiii '-^-lll feet, vi/. : 
(i miles al thel'liallilii'le tn nveleunie Ii!) feel rise, ailil d ."i-li miles u| the 
Cliats. with a Intk.i^je nf Ii) s-ill feet ; ami it wa- ileiiileil In «ii nil with 
the latter, nr sinallei' wnrk, lir-l. 

'I'm; I'liAis Can Al. was theiefnie inn, ie.l with. .\fi. r nun li ili- 

llls-inii a- tn whelher the llnrlh nr sniilh siile nf ihe river -hnlllil he 

.selei'li'il, the fmiiier was ill II, ami i trarls si^neil with Me-sis. .\. 1'. 

.MiDi.iialil ami I'. .Sihrani mi lllth .lime, I.'-,")!, Inr tin I'.ti'i'nli.ni nf the 
wnrk. Twii mniiths later the wnrk was eninineiieeil ami eniiiinneil till 

.N'livenilii'r I.Mh, ls,"iii, when the , niilr.n Ims ih" Ii 1 In | ee.l fnriher 

im aeeinni nf hein..! ile.'eiv.'.l astnihe ii'itiirenf the material In In- exea- 
vatuil — it heiii;,' liiiiml tn .iiiisist uf I'.ieks nf the Laui.'iiiian s.'ries. 
Aliuiit this liim-, iilsu, theni'eiil selieitie nf tlio llttawa ami L.ike lliii-nii 
^lli|i < 'amil lie;4an in he a;;italeil,aliil as it \ia- thniinhl thai, even if enm- 
pleleil, ihe I'll It- minhl re'iniie eiilar..;elilenl In hiiin a imilinii III that 
-y-Ii'in, the 1 inveriinii'iit allnwuil the I'niitrai'tnrs In withili.iw , |i.iviii'.,' 
tlleiii Inr all W'lik ilnne. at the re^iular scale nf seheilule pfieea, the -inn 
nf >l»^'.','.l'"ill,XI. 

The Lake lliimn enliri'ii-e inntiiiniil tn rei.'ive favurahle -niipnil. 
ami in Is.'iT the D.'ii.iitimnl nf I'lihlie Wmk- s,'iii a stall nl eii-inei is 
In survey wli,, I i- ni.|i,.i;,||y knnwii a- the Kreinh Uiv.r nnit.'. 'I'lie 
re|i'.rl, hnariii;^ il.ile •jL'ml .Maieli, l.is.W, sh.iwuil that ihu .listancu liy this 
rnllle helw.'i'li Cllieai,"! allil MnliU'eal Wnlllil he le»si!lii'il tn ,'i75 miles, as 
ai;.iiii-l 1,1 |."i miles iiy the .'st. I.aw'leme ami l.ik.'.s rnllle, a savilin nf 
.'l7ll nrallnnsl ex.ellv h.llf the ili-l.lliee the ilistalii'e I'r Mnlllle.ll 

tn Lake llni'iii liy the mw rniiie Keiii^ 'l:!i' miles, nf wliieli .")^ miles 

WnuM he enm|in-eil nf sllnrt laiials (ilielllilill;; the LllLllille lllnl tllnse 

alreaily in nin'ralinii mi the Li.)Wei' Ottawa , ami ItT- mileiiiif lake ami 
river ii,ivij,',iliiin. Tin' mute lay up thedltawa tn the .Mat.iKaii ; tlienve 
4I| miles un that -Ireaiii In the head nf Trmit Lake ; theme 
arms- a Inw -ami riil'.^e ihrer-finirlhs nf a mile In the imrlh-ea-i -hue nf 
Lake Nipis-in^', mit nf the smith siile nf whiih thiws a triliutarv nf the 
i-'ieiii'h Uiver, emptyine intn Lake lliirnii. It will he iinticeil that this 
i- ihe evai't mute travei-eil Lv ( 'hainplaiii, the lir-t ili-niverer nf the 

IMIawa ami the Ureal Lake-.' The plan re. m ml.'.l l.y the lllinve 

elljjlneer siij..^.,'-teil l.iiks :>.'iil X 'Ml fei't, Willi Hi feet nf Water mi thn sills; 

airl in p.i— ill;,' limn L.iki' lliimii in .Miiniri'.il Ihu ascent In the summit 
wnlllil lie Ml feet, ami tin- tnlal il.-,',iit 111;! leel, nr a nr.m.l total nf 
hicka-e nf Tl'.'i lu.'l. ..f whiih li'.is leet (imliiilinn the fall helnw Ott.iwa 
Huiihl have tn he oven nine Ly liiekane. My ilainmiiin L;ike Xipissinj; In 
a hi'i„'ht nf Jn h'et almve Inw Water mark, a suinmii aie.i nf nver :ilK) 
Hipiare miles in extent woiilil hu fmnieii, wlii.'h wnlllil eiisnr,! a cmist;int 
aii'l -lire -iipiil.v "f water. The i.stiinati'.liii-t nf the entii'u wnrk.s was 

.^i 1,11110,111111. 

The i'esiiUmitap|ii';iriiinsalisrai'tiiry,tlie llep.irtiiieiit -eiil mil aiiuther 
engineer the -aliie vear, wlmse lepnrt, hoarili;; ilate -Jml ,lali., I*.(il>, -tateil 
that the prnpn-isl I'liute l.iy f'ra fjreat |iail nf the way thmujjh L.inien- 
liaii ami .Silurian i. k, wliii h wmihl pmve miv clilli. nil ami expni-iv.- 
tn excavate lie recnmiiiemleil a mn.liliiatimi nf the tirst ]ilnii, -mill', 
thill;,' after the ile-inn nf the lliile.iu, wherein, hy a system iifilaiiis, the 
.11 liial canal mivi,;,'alinii wnlllil he reiluee.1 hi 21) li-ln miles, nearly mie- 
half nt Ihi' ."is, a- hv Ih.' nrie.inal |i|an-, ami lln- I'n-t c.i ie-pnmliiii;lv 
re.lllce.l In .silli.ll.'iT.iiMII. Till' In.k- Wile In h.' -J.-iU X fi x I :! ; hill the 

estiiiiaie iliil mil imlmle the iie. es-ary .nlaitiiiiieiits nf lli.' La. liiii.' ami 
Lnwer I lllaw.i canals. I.iml ihim.ine-, law expenses, m inter.-t mi ciipital 
diirinn I .iiisiriictiiai. 

Till' mailer apparently ilinp|ieil at this until wiiliiii a few years ; Init 
the prevailinn cmnin.'ici.il ileprcssinn has put a .l.imper mi all sin h 
eiili'r|irises h,]' Ihe liin,' li.'in.L; tliiin},'ll the Ottawa ami l-'rem h Kiver 
.Ship I'.'inal ha- . .iliie tn hi' Innkeil upnii as nece-sary limn a nalimial fir 
liime th.iii a Imal siainlpninl, ami its .'mislrii.'tinii siems iinw hut a 
qlleAtimi nf time, which ill.' re. iirr.'iice nf nalinlial pr.isp.'rily will .le.i.le. 

As hirniiiin an impnrlant. part in the H.'in'inl wat.'rway syst.'in .-n 
cin.sely cmiiiecleil with ami liehne^in^; In the Cmiiity nf railetmi an 
the 

(iovl';ltNMKNr Si.ii>i;.s ami Umixis, which cnver the llttaw;a ami il.s 
lea.liiin tiiUiiIari.'s, These were nri,L;ilia!eil in varimis hirins, ami ext - 
cute.l hy as many .lilh-r.'iit parti. 's ami in as pieat a vari.'ly nf ways ; hut 
tli.'y have nr.eliially heeii i.'phiccd hy the ( Inv.'riilnent. nr in smile ntlier 
w.iv filh'ii iiiln th.ir haiiil-, anil unw h.rin a ilistimt hrancli nf tin' 
Department . if I'lihlic W'l.rks nf the Onmiiiimi. 

Alul lilslly, lich.rc speakili;,' pirlicularly nf these xmrks theinsclves, 



it liiiKht lie us w.'ll tn refer lirietiv tn il lew nf the 
the >li'eaiiis nii which tiny are sititat..!- ii snhjei 
have nlitaineil pnceilelice in u tJi liellll Ichfeliee 
III tin lll-llict. 

The Ottawa, nrOmml lliv.r, has iis i.innle 
east III lliiil-nii'- ll.iv, inarthe I'.Mli paialhlnf I 
sepaiateil h> the hiifhlamU frmn llie waliis inn 
iipp.'r p..itinii ..I Ihii liM'r .le-i I'lnlrt in a ^eiieial 
-mill' Itiiii mill's In Luke Teiiiis. amin^ue, w here il 

111.' ,S. K. L', which Jii'llerillilireiiinll il hillnW- li 

. SI. Lanii n.eiiii .'ither -iile nf Ih.' I-IiukI III .Mm 

' is alimil TiMi mil.-, ami tli.' tiriili.n ilraiinil I 

lie ir!\ llii.lillll sipi.ire liiileH. Il- I hi. 'I tiiliiilalii 

lllMele lill Nnlil. itiviele linlln.', Nn|tJi |'i|l|. 

N.lllnll, Ifivii'le lln Lievr.', llle thltilieall. the I 

I (he I'.nlim'i here, I he (.'nlllnllp', lilllck ItiM'l, till' 

' Mniiie, ami .Malaiviin ami ..f ih.-e tli.'tialineaii, 
ItI.e k, I'el.Avaua, ami l)ii Mnim' have I invi'i linn 

T'lie llaliinan m Ihe lai;..'-l tllhiitaiv nf ll 
liiii mil.'- in l.'ii^lh, ami aft.'i .Ir.iiiiinx a t.'iiilnrj 
miles 111 exieiit, il .lisehain.'s mill tin. oii.iwa Ir 
mill's frmn tin' .nti.in.'i' t.illii' SI. L.iWi.'iii e, at !■ 

The Miilaviiiska, 2|ii mile- in I.'IiliIIi. .Iiaiiis 
nf terrilmy, .iml I'lnplii'- linin ll illi, l:li: iiii 

The I '.111 I. nil,'.', whii hili-i h.ii^;. s Irniii ll..' mnl 
SI.'. Aiin.'s, is |i;ii iiiiles in leii-th, ami ili.iii 
niil.'s. 

The ISlack liivcr. al-n llnwiii.n Ir lln> i 

sipiaii' mile- t>\' ten i till \ in it- . I'lii-e nf I:!s lujh 
!i mil.'- fiiilheiiip than the la-l naim.l. 

Tin- I'.'l.'Wawa ll.iw s Irnm the-milh, i- 1:1'- m 
ana I'-tini ile.l at J,:Jiiii -ipian' iiiih's, ami .'iiipti. 
.\nm's. 

Ilivii'i.' .In .Mniiii' ha- a h ii;;tli nf IJii nillc's, 
nmlhwanl empties .it a .li-l.im-e nf 'I'tt'i miles a 
ilrniiiiii^' I .. iiiiitry .'niiipii-iir;.' I,liiiii -ipiaie iiiih' 

('n-viniisin Ihe nninii nf the I'mvinc.'s in l-- 
.■.iii-triii'leil hy the (hiveinm.'iit In a-i-t the il. 
.Ill ill.' Ottawa nr aiiv nf il - ii ihiitari.'- ; thmiuli 
alie.iily hilllt -lilies at thi'l'lrinilni.', the ('li.il-, 
met, ami mi tli.' .Ma.lawii-ka'. Th.' lir-t ex.-r hni 
the iinitli -i.le nf ih.' Chau.li.r.', in l>-21i, hy I'll 
was piirclia-.''l li> the I'lnvimial i inviinimnt 

tnnether willl li-llt nf «.l\ .llmi^ tin- inn hank 

«llll,llllll. 

Tn ;;(i int'i till' lli-tnrv .if ill.' .l.'V.'l.ip Ill . 

iiiceplinii- -th.iiinh nf intensi in if-elf wmilil ei 
wliicli till' {nt.n.h'.l limit nf this -k.-t. h winihl n 
-iiiipiv cniiline niir-elvi- hi a liri.'l ih -.'liplhiii 
pre-eiil .'xi-t. Til.' iiumher n\' -lalimi- mi tin- i r 
are as hiUnws ; Ollaw.i, II ; Oatim.in, I ; .M.nii 
■2 ; lilack, I : r.t.'Wawa, III ; Un Mniiie, II' ; I 
Til.' -tatinlls nil tlio I tllawa are a- fnllnws, w 
t.iii.'.- in mill's 'ihnv.' Ste. .\iiii.''s ; 1 Carill 
(l.nlh 11 nth ami sniiih siil,., , lis ; c; Lilll.' 
lieln.ill-. Ill-' ; (.■.) I l.s Clii'lie- liapi.l-, llU','; (I 
(7 llea.l nf finis, Lil ; (s ( •|i.-v.illx, \y2 ; If 

1.1. Mnillllain, Kil ; ( 11) <'alliniel. lllll; ,iliil I: 
mill's. The wmks at the-e IJ -i.tiimi- cmi-i-t 

lall.ll ; ;l,S:l,") nf sillies ; :;i),'s.-|.'l nf hnnms ; S.II.MI 
In-a.ls ; l.ilsl nf hiiile,- ; :, pi, 'is ; 11 -liile-ki .'p 
hmisi's. 

The wnrk ' nil the (iatiiiean .slatimi e. iisist 
eilial ; l.llWnf l...nlin ; nL' nf hri.lees ; 10 pie 
limise. 

Those .III the .Ma.lawa-ka are at the fnllnwim. 
nf Uivi'i', (i) Arnpiinr, :■,) flat lla|ii.|s, , [) |l:iln 
t.iwn, In Liilc,' Kap.ils, 7) Sprilc^tiiwii, .s) t.'a 
Kill-, (III) llanneil t'lillte. (II) llniii!ace Kapii 
111) llailey'n Cliiits, 1-1) ('hiiiii« Itapiil.s, 
TInv emprise a total of l,7."iii lim.il f.'.t ..I -li. 
'l.O.silof ilaiiis ; 1--J of hriil,^." ; hi pn r- ; I 1 
1 wnrk -hup. 

The Cniiloiij;e works oiisist only nf honiiis ,111 
ililh-reiit stati.ins ; (H at moiilli of river, where 

of 1 111s aid 1 siip|ioii pier ; -' at luniiaine's 

piers; alii|(;i)at lli^;h Fall-- I, sis hit of Imnn 

Tin- work nil the lilack liivel' .oir-ists of 1,1 
of sli.h' : :; Hinf glance-pier ; ami l:;.j nf ilaiii. 

Th-' I'.'ii'wawa works an in three si'cli.nis — (]■ 
lil.in.'h ami Ih.' Sniilh. On the lilsl are the li 
lir-t, s -coml, ami thinl I 'iiiitrs, ami li .1- Diir— -. 
llr.imh the slatimi- an': (I) 1 hill-mil.' l!api.|,(u') ( 
ami linnins lu'tweeii lli,i;li l''alls ami L.'ike 'i'r 
liapiils, ■.-i)Sawv.'l-'s l!aiii.l.s. (li) .Mem. Ihipi.ls, i7 
K.hlv. (!) I'e.lar l-h-. {)'■ ami ll; h.oi ami lieai 
Klhiiw Ihipiil. lli. I I ..a.l I'l Inni, mnl.ll,- ami 
Hi ami 17) Cellar Lake lta|>iil-, Nnilli ami Sn 
Lake. Till' .'i>,'ht stall. Ills nil the ,Sniitli lir.iiieli ai 
ami ar.' kiinwii hy their respe.-tive niimliers f 
exl.-iit nf the wniks at til.- Ill slalioii- aoon-f,'al 

sli.l.-, ll.lllll.et .if 1 Ills. :i,.-|llll feel nf .lain-. 

Tin- IJ -tali. Ills mi the Un Mnim- cmsi-t ,, 
hnniii at its niiiiitli, I sli.le. ami a nuinher ol' ilaii 
lineal h'.-l of slid.-, ,MI() feet of h iis, l.lWlfe.'l 

Tin- wli. lie nf till' 1 l.ivi'rnmi'iit wrnks mi th 
tari.-s show an an;^ii-oali' aiiioiinl in;,' to .'1.117! line: 

of sliil.-s ; l!7,7llll .it h.inllls ; 17.7!)| of ilallls ; It 
of hriih.,'es ; li-lli of nlancepier ; I II piers ; 10 
keeii.-rs' houses ; 15 store-hmises. ainl I woi-kslinp 
We have alr.-a.ly stated that althoiiL'h .'on\-.'i 
lion of th.' timh.'i tia.h' had as-iim.'.l a .l.'linit. 
prior to the rnimi in l-^n . yet the \'i,,\ imial 1 
tiiiie neither ciin-lriicie.l mir a-suim-.l control of 
slide svsi.-m. li.-tw.-.'ii that .hit.- ami r.inh-deraii 
.-i-a of the liimhei- and timh.'i' trail.', and th.' nr.i 
th.' I'lihlic Works, all. r th.' ( lov.'rnimnt had m 
hevomi all preee.l.'iit, and tliouoh not in advaiic', 
ailvthiiiL' of the kind which has su.ce.'.le.l th.' la 



<icAL sKi:'i(ii oi' I'lii': 



a« wi'U 1(1 ivfir luicllv In ft liiw nl the i liiil i linnii'tiM^tic - ol 

» 1)11 Hllilll llll'V HIT -llUillia- II flll>,|i'ilttllil-|l .liulllll |ui"iMv 

lifil i.iici'iU'hci'iii II (iiiiiTiil riliiiiai' l.i llui wiiUirttuy "JhIuIii 

llirl. 

liiw.i, 111- liiiiiiil Ui.ir, liii' il-i iiiii"ti-l <iMini- til llii' >imili- 

,1 '. |l,i\, lii.U till l!ltll |ullilllili.r lillllM.lr, M-lli 11- llli-> all' 

p> till' lii;;hl.ini|» li.riii 111.' Willi iH niiiiiiii^' iiiulliHMiil. 'I'ln' 
iiiii 111 I 111' iImt ili'-ii'iiilii ill II );i>iii'iiil Hiiitli I'li'li'i'ly iliii'i limi 
iiiliN III |,iiki' 'I'l'liil-i iilliilljjili', nlit'l'i' it IliniK illiMl|illv liitMinl 

'.., Wllii'll (ii'lllTlli ilili'i liull il I'lilliiW In iU rilllllllllHI' Hllll till' 
I. ithiT -iili' nf llh' Mllllil 111 .Miihtl'llll. It- liitlll li'llKtIl 

III null'-, anil tin* tl'^llllll'^ •liiiiiiiii I'V it I'uvi-i'^ an iiii-a nl 
mil Mjiliil'i' liiilri*. Il-iliii'l lli'iillalii - ill ulili'l 111 'lilt III all' 

Niiiil, Itivii'i'i' ltiiii«i', N'.ilJi IMiti' Niiliiiii, Suiilli I'l'lili' 
ivil'ii'ilii Lii'Vii', till' liiilini'iiii. llii' lliili'. Ill, till' M'lilavMi-ka, 

lull', iIm' Ciiiiliinp', l!liu'k liiM'i, llii' I'i'li'W.iMii, liivii'h' ilii 
I .M.ila»ali iiiiil iilllii -1' llirllaliniiiil, .MinliiiMinkii, I'lnilnli^i', 
i'\\a»ii, anil l)ii Mniin' liavi' linvi'iniiii'iit \viirk~ ii|'iin tlniii. 
aliliiail in till' lal^<'-l tl'iliill.il) nl' Mil' DIt.tuii. II i- almllt 
In li'iiytli, aniliiltii ili'.iininx a li'iillmy nl -nnn' !i,lliiii ,i|iiiiii' 

Urllt, il l|i'l'llill;;i'- llltn till' I >tl.l»ll Irnlll till' linllll '<lln|i'. IMl 

till' I'litlani'i' In llii' Si. li.iWli'lii 1', at Sli'. .\iiiii''-. 
iila«a-ka, liln niili'» in li'ii^!lli, .liaiii^ hmt I.ihiii '.i|iiaii' iiiili'- 
\, ,iiiil I'liiplir- li'iiii I 111' -1.111 li. l;lil mill', alinvi' .Sic. .\niii.',. 
iiilniii,'.', » hi. Il ili-< h.ii;;. » Ir.iii tin iinitli -limi' I "I luilr- almvi' 
-'-, i- jiio mill'- in li'iulli, .iiiil ill. nil- III. Illy if.iiiai -ijiiaii' 

ark llivri. iil-n lliiH'iii;; li'iiiii till' iiui'tli, iliaiii.-^ Iiiaily I'J.IKKI 

1- nl li'llilnlV III iU mill I 11'-' mill'-, llllil jlllll< lIlU UtIlUVII 

illii'i iiji lliaii ill.' I.i-I Ii.iiiii'il. 

ti'wawii llii»- Irnlll tl mil, I.. Kl'< Miili'n ill li'iinih, ilraiiii an 

iti'il at J,i'iiii '.ijiLii.' mill"., ami i'm|ilii's :ils niiU'- hIdvu .Sio. 

' .III M.iiii.' Iia^ a li'ii^tli nl' l:ili iiiilt'i-, anil llnwiiin I'lniii ||ii. 
i'ni|ilii'i .il a ili-liin.'i' nl' i"ili mill", iiliiin' ,sti., ,\iiiii''k, allt'i' 
I. iiiiitiy i'<iiii|.ii-iii:.' I,lii"i -.|iiari' iiiili'-i.| Iciiltniy. 
Ill l.i IIr' Hiiinii nl' llii- I'll. Mini" ill I •• 1 1 , iiii wiirk* liail Li'vii 
I In ill.' ll.ivi'iiiiiiini t'l ,.--i-l 111.' .li'-i'i'iil 111 limlii'i, I'illi ■!■ 
.iwa 1.1 aiiv <>r il- nil. lit. III.'- ; iIi..iil;Ii {.liv.iii' iiiiliviilaal- liinl 

lilt -liili'- at tlll'l'liallilli 1.', Illli I'll, It-, l'nl'lil.,'1' illl l''nlt, Calll- 

111 till' .Mailii«a-kii'. Till' lii-l i'M i Iniill in llic ( illaw.i w.is mi 
-iili- 111' ihi' Cliaiiiliiri', in l'-:;ii, l.y riiili-innii \Vi i^.|it,iiiiil llii-. 
i-i'i| l.y till' I'l'iiviinial I invirniiniii ..n illli I ). 1..I.1 r, !•- Ill, 
illi li^lit nl' way almi;; lln' livii Imiik "|i|iii-iii' lli.' wmk-, l..i' 

iui 1 till' lii-lnry nf ill.' ili'vi'l.i|inii.|ii of tin. -y«ti'iii rrnni lis 
lliiii|n|i nl' iiiti'ri''.| ill il.-i'ir wniilil I'lilailaii aiiiniiiil nl >|iari' 
inl.'ii.li'.l liiiiil ..I' llii- -ki't. Il \v..iil.| iii.i |ii'i'mil; ami wr uill 

lli ii-i'lv.'- I'l a Inii't i|. -.'ii|ili I Ilii'W.'iks a- III. 'V at 

i-l. 'I'll.' iiiimliiT nl' -tali. Ill- nil ill.' I iliaw.i an. I 11- liil.iitaiii- 
.u ' : (Itlawa, II : liatim.iii, I : .M.i.law.i-ka, i:. ; r.iiilniin,., 

1 ; I'.'li'Mawa, "il ; lln Mnin.-, I:.' ; t.ilal ;;i. 
itinii- nil till! IMIaHa all' a- Inllnw,, «ii|i ili.'ir ri'-|i,'. livi' ili-- 
1- 'il..ivi' Sli'. .Vlilii'- : I ('.111111111, i'7 : 1', rliallilii'ir 
111 ami -niiili -ill.'- , li'~ ; ';i lallli' Cliainliiii', Inn ; 1) 
IIL' : (."1) |li'^ Clii'ln- l!a|iiil>, 1111,'; (11 I 'liat' Slatimi, III! ; 
il l'lial», l:!l ; (-- rlii'V.iiiv, l.".2 ; II I'nrliin.' .In Kml, l.'iil ; 
Mill, IIII I (ll)CaliiiiKl, 111:1 I .111.1 IL" .Inailiim lf.i|ii.|-, :;|i| 

11' wmk- 11! till'-.' I;; -l.ilinii- 1 -i-l nl' u'.niin lin.al l..'l ..t 

iii'i nl' -liil.'-i ; ill,'>"i.") Ill' lini.ni^ : s.ll.Ml nlilani- ; :Hi; ,,l l.iilk- 
ll'-l nl' l.iiil;;!^ ; .'1 (.iuls ; 11 -li'li'-ki'i'iii'i-' I1..11-. .s, ami I) .il.iri-- 

ik- 111! the Galiiit'iiii st.itiiiii ciiii-sisi nf :1,II7I lineal di't nf 
IWof liiinni.i! ; ."i2 nf ln'i.lgi'S ; 10 pii'i-.s, ami I «liili'-kc'i'|.i'i''» 

111 till' .Ma.lawa-ka av.' at Hi.' Inllnwiii',- .-talinns : - 1) M,aitli 
J) .\i'ii|iii.ii', :!) I'lat lla|.iils, 1) llali'iii'i'." l-lau.l, (.'i iliiiii>- 

1 ',' i;aii,il-, 7) S|.i'iii-t.mn, ■>) l.'alal.n-ii' l,aki', II) lli^'li 

l!a--i'.l Cliuli'. (II) llnliilai'i' l!a|ii.U, U'.' UlU'k'.s I.slaml, 

v'l Cliali, I-l) I'liaiii.s liaiii.l.s, l."i ( i| ii^n (.'ni'k. 

i'i-i' a tntal nf I.T-'iii liii'il I'li-l nf rli.k'.-. ; 1>, 171) ill' luiiinis ; 
inn ; 1"-^ nf l.ri.l:ji' ; Hi iiiii- : I liilu-ki'i'in r'« Imui-o, ami 

iilnn^i' w.iiks loii.-i-t nnlyiif liiiniiisnii.l -ii|)|iiirt |iii'rs at tlini' 
.lli. Ill- : (I at inniitli nf riviT, wlii'ii- tlnii' an.' ISIItl liiu-a! I'l-it 
null -ii|i|i..il iiiir ; - at 1! iiiiii-'.i--ilin liit nf U11.111-, :i 

(;!)at liii'il l''all-- 1,^1^ I'.i't nf linnlU'^ alul 11 pii'l's. 

iknatliu lilai'k Uivcr i'oii.-i,«ls nf l,l;!ll 'I'lt u| Imoiiis ; sTII 
ml nf nliiiii'i..|iiti' I ami lii."> nf ilaiii. 

l.'W.iwa w.iik-. all in lliri'i.. si'i'liiin"-- llii' main t'i\'i'i', tlir Nmili 
I lln- Snlllli. lln llli' lint ail' till' livi'rillnlllll slalimi, tin' 

I, ami thinl Cliiil. -, ami II .i- Dm— ."1 in all. (In tin- Nni-tli 
-lali.in-ari': (I) llall-mili' ItaiiiiLCi') I'mnki-il (.'liiu,.,(:i -liil,. 

liilwi'i'ii lli.i;li Fall- anil l.aki' Tiavi-isc, (1 'riii>iii|i-iiirs 
)Sa«'vi'l's Haiiiil.i (II) .Mi'liii l{a|.i.li, 7 Kiiilil l.aki', .--jSlhillf; 
Ti'ilar I-I1-. (V ami II) fnnl aii.l li.'a.l nf ll.'vil'.- rliiiti'. I:! 

ipi.!, 1:1, II ..a.l I.-. I. lilt, lilli' .'.nil liiail nf l.nii',' .Saiill, 

) Ci'ilar l.ak.' Raiii.l-, Nmlli ami Sinilli -linn-, (|s C.k,,' 
1' i'i^;lil ^lalinii- nil till' Sniilh lir.iiii'liai'fat iiiinaini'il Inialitics, 
111. Mil liy llii'ir ii-|ii'.'liv.' iiiiinl.. T.s frnm I in ,s. Tli.' I,.tnl 
h.' M.'lk- at 111.' Ill >lalii.n- a;;:jn'f;ati"i ."i,."i77 liinal fiit nf 
1 111 l.'i't nf I..111111-, :i,''ilMl l.'i'l nf ilain-, ami nil piii'-. 
! -I.iliiui'. nil till' |iii Mnin.' inii-i-l iif a |iii'i' ami nlainini; 
- niiiiilli, I iliili'. ami n iiiiniln'i' of ilanii', inakinn a tnlal ..f liil 

.1 ^liili'. Mill fi'i'l nf linniiK, l,ii-Jl I'.'i'l nf ilani-,'aiiil II piir-. 

lull' nf llir I InV.TIllll.'lll Wnlk- nil till' Ol hlU II .111.1 i I - I riLu- 
llll ll^'L'l I'^al i' IllllnUllI ill'.,' I n .".,117 1 lin.al I'.. I ..f.inal-: l;;,:i:l.'i 
117,71111 nl l.n..nis ; I7,7!ll nf .lain- : llHl nl l.iilkliiaih : ■2.\H:, 
: li-lll of nlaii.'i'-]iii'i' ; 111 |.ii'r- : lo Miii|iiirt-|iii'i'- : ."i -liih. 
ii-i'< : :i "ton-lmii-i'i. ami I woi'k-liii|i. 

,1' ah'i'.iily -tati'.l tlial allli.iil^li .'.ili\ . nii'ln .'- fnr tin' pni-irii 

liliiliiT Ira.l.' ha.l a-iiim'.l a .lilinili' Innn nf ili'v.'l..|.ni. in 

I' riii.iii in I'-ll.M'l llii' I'li.i in.ial ( Inii'iiiiniiii lia.t al lliat 

fv I'l.nvlnii'i.'.i nor a>siiiiii'il ri.nlinl nf any of llir works ..f i|i,. 

II. liilw.rn that .lair ami Ciinf.'ili'i'al inn nii'iivriil tin- "oliliii 
liniilii'i' ali.l linil'i'r liaili'. ami llii' u'niwlli ..filial Inaiu-li .if 

Wi.ik-, alliT ill.' (Invi'Miiii.'iil lia.l ..ii..' ii--iuii.'il lliini, wa-i 

imi'i'ili'iil, ami llnuiuli m.l in a.lvai , yi'l ni'arlv a|'|inia.'l.iii;.' 

f till' kinil wliirli lia^ su.-.'i'.'.li'.l ill.' lal'lor ilati'." (.In tlii: l.-^t 



.liilv, I'm?, tlicaniiiiiiilH(.x|ii'iiiliil i ii-tnitlioii uinl iiuniia^i' liy tin- 

(inviini Il nf till' variniK •' Ottawa llivcr Winks," as llii'.* an.' ili".j(j- 

nal.'il In- llii' I i.jiarlnii'iil, w'lii a-, follow'* ami ai tin' works nl llii' 
(Itlawa IliM'i |iiii|ii'r all' tlii' nio«l i'.\li.ii»ivi', iixpi'lKivi', anil ini|iorluiil, 

Wi' ui\'i' llli'lll 111 lUltail; 

Wni'k-at Cmillnn ^iJH.l.'iH.Ilt 

Xnrlli Cliaii.ll.'i'.' ' Hull, ■<'''.'-'Tii "HI 

iSniiili Cliaiiili.'ri' (lltliiHa) ,'i-,M:iU.;Hi 

l.illli'Cli.imli.'n' I7,''l(l.li:i 

Hi'iimii- -1,7117.711 

Cli.il. Haiiiil- iA,X,:<.iH 

llia.liil Clial Ii;t.-i.ll7 

I'lii'iiaiu ■I,'1>>H,71 

l'..iia-1'.lii Korl 10,1(17.77 

.Mninitaiii L)1,MI(1.(17 

Caliini.'l •lli.Mi''i.l7 

lii'iis ,|iiiiclillii» !i.'i,l:i'.'.!l(i 



Total Jiainl llivir aloii.- •tiHii.lKM.l I 

ll.itiiii'aii lliv.'r Works lll,IM)7.lsa 

Ma.lawaska 7(l,7l!7.1i7 

l'niil..n-i' 'Jll,li;i!!,7« 

lllai'k Iil.iHiii.iiil 

I'l'li'Wawa -Main Trunk 8ii\''."i!l.ii7 

N. Itran.'li ;W.i74.ll-l 

S. 111. null (l,.Miii.(lii- ll7,llLH.ii| 

Itivii'iv lln .Mniiii' Work* >',siW.Oii 

Tnl.il •■(lilawa llivir Wmk-" I«.-||,-i,ii(iM.ie 

(In till' 1,-1 .hily, IS77 tin' lati'-l ilali' invi-riil liy nllii'ial n'|i.i|t», 

lliL'Ki' wniks I'l'jir nti'il a i'a|.ilal lor ronslriirlinn iiiili'|ii'iii|i'nt of 

aiiniial ii'ii.iirs anioiinlinn in ?J,MI><,4l's,l)s. Tin' aliiniinl uf lull- kii iwl 
th.il yiai wa-*l^•.'."l•s.^:l ; tin' aiiiniiiit nf iliiis ,„//, . /..^ was 8lni',7:ili.-7. 
It aiipiar- In li,i\i' ln'iii lln' |ir.ii li.i' nf tin' |ii'|iailnii'iil In iln a " iiiilil 
traili'" with llii' liiialii'imi'ii lu a n|,.al I'xli'iit ; ami lln- n-nll ..I it i- 
Mii'ii in till' fa. I tlial at tin- la';;iiiiiinK nf tin' llsial yiiir Si 1 7,.'illi'. i' I w.U' 
lln.' a- " iiiii'iilli rtril lialami'-," ami at tin' cml nf tln' vriir llo' iiiiii.iinl 
was giJi'ii, l.'.i.ii:! : wliili' ilininn llm yr.ir tin' .siiin ,.| !<|nn, lii-liCi lia.i 
lii'i'ii ili'im-iliil 111 till' cri'ilil of till' 111', livi-r-lii'iii'ial, 1 II ai iiiiiiii (.1 
till' yi'iir- ni',„s ii'vi'inii' ; finiii wliirli I'l'suni of l>l-l 1 ,11(11.01 ('.\|.i'iii|i .1 
fnr inalnlciiaiii'i' ami ii<|i.iirs iiielinlin^ Jl,lllH.:ili for sa'arirs nl .^all. 
iVi'.) is to 111' ili'ilmti'il niviii;; Ilii' iii'l ri'vcnnij at S.'iM,;,tii.O'l, .ir a.iinli 
jirr ri'iit. on till' iiiM'stmi'iit. Tlii- ii'viinii' wits rolli'. ti'.l finia :t:il ,:iii:i 
l.i.'Ci'i nf »i|iian' timln'r ; I I,:!''.'! .if llatti'il tiinlMT . :i,:!ilii 
of ini.M'il tiinliir ; lln -pari ; IIIII, dlL' saw lug.- ; ami .'Illli . ril.s 
of ili'iiln, Imanls liiiiil ami snl'l), rminil ii'ilai-, ami " iliiiu'ii^inn" 
tiinli.r. (If till' al.iivi' .|iiaiilily Il,:i!i7 |>b. si|iiaii' liinl.i'r, llMTili ps. 

Ilatt.'.l limliir. -J.Oliil p-. iniiml li'.lar-, ami •.•4il,nii4 Haw loirs p, | t|,,. 

(lalim.iii 1. 11 : I [.•i,.'i7- saw lo-- ilir N..rtli ClLnnlil'ii', or lliil) -UAv : 

ami llii' l..il,iiii'i', ihi' Soulli t'li.ui.li.'ii', oi i ntawa -li.li'. 

Till' lolal ipiantilius nf tiinlii'r pasniiio tlir ('liainlit'i'u sli. Ion ami 

(ialilliall lio.illl siliri' .IllMi' mull, lUdll till' Hlli'i'i'i'ililij; yi'ar liuiliy till' 
lir-l nlliriallv li'|inlti'il . all' 11^ rnllnW- till' -n-.alli'.l '• pil'.l's" inn-j,! juj^. 

Ill si|iiiiri'. Ilalli'il, n.iiml, ami " .liimii-inii " liiiiliir-. -aw lo);is, iiiasi-, anil 

spars, ,llii' " 1 I ill- ' lii'iii'4 .'oiiip.i-i'.l nf ili'iil-, Imanls, tiavii'M'-, Ar., iVi ; — 

IHi'ili 711 I,,">I7,'I«(I pii'iH's anil L'77 rrilis 

I,s7ii7l Mlli,41"-' •• l-.'il " 

|s7:-7j .siiii.i.iilH " -J-Jii .. 

I,s7'.'-7:i '.i(iii.L".'."i " 1117 " 

lH7;i-74 '.illil.llin '• .(.sii .. 

'IS74-7.-. I,i:i:i,7'.ii " 711 •• 

l"7."i 7(1 !ll!l,'JIO '• L'lill •' 

1.-7I1-77 7|ii,."il'.l " ;i,'iO " 

It appi'iiis fniiii till' al'iivi; tlial tin' last yi'ar's npiratiniis wi'i'.- tin- 
iiinst liiiiiii'il III iliu I'iulil : ami wlicii il is cniisiiU'nil that, iiolwilli 
stamlim,' tin' wa^ri's in all llii' .lipartiiiciits of lln' tiaili. havi' siill'iri'.l a 
ri'iliU'tinii In ratis wlii.li laivi- l.i'iii niikiiown for iimiiy yiars, m.| 
many nf Ilir luial.t'i'in.'ii liavi' Im'i'Ii rarryiii^' mi l.n-iiu'-s at an 
ai'tual In--, win. li in .i iinnil.i'r nf in-tam-is has ii-iilii'.l in th.. I-iuik 
rnjiliy ..I inillinnain'-, llio lii'iaiiiilniis stajnalimi ami unpaialli li.l 
ili';^n'i' nf .li'pri's-inii ill Ih.' I'hii'f tia.li' nf tlii' (Mtawa Vallt-v lali la' 
n-ali/i'il. 

Tills ilipn-si. .11 nf ...iir-i' ..vtiinl- t.. llip navi^atimi liin-, of wjii.h 
till' ( Mlawa pii--,.--.'s an ampl.' ami . xci'lli-nt si-rvi.c. Tin- fnllnwiiiLrarf 
till' vari.iii.s liiiis .'nniii'rtinj; with llii' pnrt nf (illawa :- 

Hrr-KW.v Uivek N.vvii,ati.i.n i'..., nwiiinj,' thu'.' vi-ry tiiiu in.pir 
I laliiii passriiL-'i'i' .-ti'aini'r.s, llir '' I'l'rrli's-," o (^ijiet-n ^'i^'l(ll'ill,'■ ami 
I •• .Maiiih'." iiiiinin^' a ilailv liiii' ami iliiriiif,' part ..f tin- suinimr sfasmi 
i twi.'i- ilailv lii'twi'i'ii (Itlaw.i ali.l M.inln'al. 

MiisriiK.M. .\Nii (Irr.vw.v Fnliw.iHniMi Cn., wl wn 4 stcnincis 

■ h -ii;iii'il for fnifihl ami t.iwaoi') ami :!0 liarps. Tlu-y air <'ii>;aoi'il i,, 
n.-ni'ial forwaiiliii;; lii'lwri'ii llir lilii's nami'il in tlif ('oniiiain's i'nrno- 
; iali'lilli'. ' ' 

I SiNl'KN.NKS iV Ml'N'AfliliroX 1.1 V K, llnillj; a tow illf,' I.U-imss c.vclii 

sivi'Iy, ami nwiiini^ a lli'i't of ]- pnwi'rl'ul srrew tii^'s. 
' Till' al..iv,' ('..iiipanii'- all liav.' tli.'ir lii'a.l ollin- in M..iiti'i'al. Those 

fnlli'Win^' ail' I'liliii'ly nwinil ami niaiiat.'i;il in (Itlawa: 
i .1. W. M.li.a .y Cn. nw 11 •_' siiain Inns ami :ill largis, .■nj.raf.i'il in the 

I'nal an.l liinil.i'r lia.i.'. 

.Vii'.'.r Shippiiii; Co., i tuns ami 2(1 liai-fji-s, i'iij;aKi'il i-xi'lusively in 
' Inmlirr. 

I .1. It. linnih has •_' iui;s anil :in i.ar|,'i's, al-n I'liKaKi'd exrlusivelv m 

! lunil'i'i'. 

i .1.!!. Illani'lianl owns 1 m,,. ami 14 iMi-gi-s, i-nyancl in the lunil.i'r 

Irailo. 

.Mi'X. Mi'lnii'-h npi'iaii's a luinln'r Inrwanlint; lino I'niiaistini,' nf I 
tun .-iml |'_' l,ar:;i'-. 

I'lrli'y iV I'atli'i' nwii a line nf 1 Uijf ami 19 liai-i-es in the saiiii. 
Ira.li'. 

Sainn.'l .Mnlli^'an is enna.neil in the same business with 1 tnt; ami 4 
l.ar'.'.'s. 

111".. .\. Harris ..wns I .steaiii l.arno ami 1! liai'^es in tlie linuKiT 
lra.li'r\rlnsi\i'ly, .unl 

NMlliani Uttli- nperales the same niinilierof vessels of .similar class 
which are lievotcil In tin' cnal ami linnlier trade cmnliineil. 

Tin; iirr\w\ \- llri.i. Kijiav Link is nperateil liy .Inscph Siniih, 

ami .'niisisis of mm i I'..ri.il.le firry steamer making; trips Let ween the 

two lilies every l."i miiniles. He also owns a steam tug einiilnviil in 
yeneral Innle. 



COUNTY OF CARLI-:rON.- 



Till! tiilul iiiimlior nf vcmula IioIhiikIiik t<i Ihu iliirtiiuiit OiUwii 

!!■ *'!•* \!i 'A I'liNifiiut'i' NtnuMcr-', I ft-rrv xtfiuncr, l frtMi(hl iitouiiii»ri4, - 

>>»'ill;( Im tlll'Kl'lli'nil lll< k of lilHIIICHN IIIIIIIV (if Mll'-I' IllkVl' lllill iillc 

till' (liu iHkHl i»iii<iM-c.ii«. Wv I'liiiiili'.l il one liiiii', iiiSii|iii.iiilii'V. 1H7H, 
*.t <4ti';Ulh-l'n Hint !Ml liiiri}(;i tlcil 11 ]» lUliI itiHiiliinlli'il lit tlu> Ottuwil Mlwtl'fH 
trom tin* iil'tivi- i-uiisi* ; kiiiI at tlif h;uih' tiiiu- lliirt» wi-ri' iil"nt! lui t'nuul 
iiMiiilifi- t>f Aiiit-rk'uii I'lmul imuN wiiUiiij^ fnr fiu'^^tu-- nf luiiiln'r, iiiiiti> 
tif wliirti hii'l ht'un lyiDK titi'i-*' nvin* a nniiith, iiinl kvi> wkit Inld it 
wart ^fitiii^ til liti a I'Hiiuihiit thiii^ fur llii'tii tn Im ilctiiiiivil v\\*]i iiiticli 
lMhi{<'r. iir^ii link I'liiiiiv. Mimi nf llii'.sc Imain imii-.v I'nal I'miii Ni'W 
\ iifk til Miinti-iMl HI- ' 'tiiivva, iitiil ri-ly nn -ctiiniiu' a rrtnni oai-tfn of 
liniiliiii'. 'I'ltat tlh-ir i4)n|>[iiiii; !'• Niit)'i>i-inu at IiuiIIn a^ nur hwii, h<iu - 
t'ViT, in III! j*«-i'ict ; Ntt'aily i'lnplnynit'iit, ratr^ milv |ia>iiiu tin- lunti 
(-iMiiMhiii'al wH^iti*, ami trari.-i* '2 [tvv la-tit. nii nriuiiial iiiirHliat'iitM, tn 
say iiiilliiiiK nf luviili'iit-, ri'|iaini. iitiv, iiinl llic ilnlay* tiny liiiii' Im'i'Ii 
iilil);ii-il til Miiliiiiit tn tlni im^t '*i'a^iiii. Iiavr traimfL'i'i'eil (ivtii thin ilmilit- 
fiil ^'iiiri nitii an actual tn^H tn ninxt nf ihi' AiiitTican Imal-nwiK-io 
tiiil<a;,'(*il ill llic ttliawa hlintail- tl-ailu. 

I till' nf till' iniml iiu|inrl ant Imk'h nf trniminirt nn tlii'"tla«a r nns 

yt't tn lid un'ntinnftl, vi/, : n '|"||,. Tninn l-'nrwaviliin; iiinl Ualluit) t*n. ,' 
wllic 11 Wan ini'iil'linl-ali'il liy »|ii'i'ial Vit nl I'arlliuin-ht in I^.VI, »illi a 
iMlHial I it i«;;,.'i(ilM«Ni, anil with U.S. CaJsi'lU m it* Mmt l'ff»iilint, 'I'lial 

ImMtiiin lillnU Ill-Ill liy Alll'I'il lIl'iiWll. nf Mn|||n>ill: .Ml'. I'lit'iniiill. nf 

ilttawa, i" Svi-ri'taiy'l'ivamiriT, ami ('a|il. t 'nulry, (ii'iu'ial Sii|n'iiii- 
'niiilniit. Till' i'iiin|iaiiy liavi' tlirii licail nllii'i' in tin- t'Ky nf i iHiiwn, 
anil iniiiiii|inli/.i' aliimMt tin' riiliri' liaii«|inrtatinii liii-ini'si nl tin' I pinT 
Ilttawa, 'I'lii'y liavi' a lli'i'l nf 1:1 -tcaiiii'i't, 'if w liii'li "ix an' iian-i'liu'cl' 
limit-, ami llin ni'i'viri' I'.vtuiiil" Irniii Vyiiiii'i'. rt iiiiluHalinvu Ilttawa, nii 
111!' IJiii'lii'L' niili'. tn |li'ii.\ Hivii'i'i"-, till' licail nl -train navi^'utlnii nn 
till- Ilttawa, nvi'i '.'(Ml iiiili'ii alinvi' ilttawa ( 'ily. 

K'l'nlll till' |i|'L'VinllH i|<<Hei'i|itinll nf till' I ' |l|U'l' I H tattii, it will liavi' 

lifi'ii nliHtM'V'i'il that tluTi' art' Hi'viiral Ini'aki* in tin* I'liaiti nl luniifalinii, 
ami il 1- ill cnitMt'i|iu'iiri* nf llu- l'iiiii|iaiiy'i invnin;r a linri*i* railway 
lia.tl niinnf tliuKi' llm CliatK llial tin' wniil " nilwiiy" i- imlllili"l in 
tlii'ir iiir|iiiiat<.' naiiii.'. Tlii- railway -m innri' |ii'n|a'rly liaiiiway i- 
tlirt'tiniilt'^ ill t-.xti'iit, anil lie- ln'twi'L'ii I'niitiiic Im-Ihw atiil riiinii Vill.iLji' 
ulinvi', nil Ihc l,liii,'ln'0 -liiii'i'. Tlii- ('nln|ialiy arc i'lli,'ai,'iil in a uclii'lal 
fiiii,'liliii','aml pi.t-iimiT liii-iiii»'. ami in tnwiiii,'. 'riiiK I'miii' i.'< mii' nf 
tliL' iiin«i |ilia-aiit ami atlnictivi' fnr llir liiiiiii.t nf any nf niir ttrainl 
I'liaiiin III wait*rway», ami in it- rniii'sf lir iia-si's tlirniiuli iiliiin-t ivi'ry 
varluty nf Mi'i'iiury, .iml alimi^t I'vi'iy -tagc nf liiiiiian ailvaiii't'inunt 
llii'niigh -..'lie- nf plaiiil la'aiity, riv.illin^' tlmH- "I llir Tlmmianil lull-, 
tn tliii-u wIk'I'i' tin- ili'up, ilark nvur i" i'm:|niii'il by fr..wiiint[ t'lill'- uliirli 
vu' in Kramli'Ur with tliu Inwi'i'iiiK punk- nf tho Sai{iit'iiay. m tlm-i 

w llil'll nvrrlnnk 

■ "Till' I. Till lllill r.lliiiK nilliiiiii.li ;' 

anil li'iiiii llii' iiiiliU' I'aiiitnl, ihii iiia^,iiihi'i'iit |iiihlii' ami privati' I'lliliic- 
nl till' |iiiliiii'.il iiii'ti'niiiili-.anil till' |ialalial ri-ii|iiiii- ami Ini-y IiIm'- nf 
iiianiilailiuin^! imlii-lry nltlii' liiiiilii'r kiiiL-nl llii' ' Ulawa lliiniii;li iIh 

i|iiii t liiiim- 111 till' ;ii{rii iiitiin-t. tn till iiii-li liii'Mif tliim.' liaril\ pini i'» 

nf civili/atimi ami cnniiin-ii'i' — the -liantv-iiiin in tin' Iniicly nilil- nl 
lialilri''- |iriiiii'Val fnli'-l. 

Tliiii- all- a tiu iitlii'r^ni.'ill ImaU mi lln- r]i|ii'r Dttawii, nwiiid liy 
[ilivali- jialtii'i, lail llii'V i|n imt tiilliila'r liimi' thiili lliii'i' nr Imil .ill tnlil. 

Till' iiiiiiii'ii'a' ailvaiitani-- wliiili liavi' lui'U iliiivi-il finiii iIm' .juili- 
liiiii.- ili'vi'ln|iiiii'iit ami I'tlii'iuiit cnmlitinii nl all lln- varinii- luaiu'ln'- 
nf till' waterway lysUiii mi whiih the |iaiaiiiniiiit inli'i'i-nl-i nf the 
Ilttawa Valley ale fiimnleil, anil in wliirli the ^'eiieiiil iirii;,'reis. tn a verv 
Ule.il I xli lit, nf tile ('nil lit y nf 1 arli tmi- anil tliiinliinii iiial prn-|ii'i ily 
~f lliet'ity nf (lllaw.i ill inirtii'iilar lui- laeii ami -nil i- i-iiitie.l, lia- 
iiiiliii'i'il ns In refer in ninre minute teiiim lliaii win at liii-tiiilenili'iUtn tin- 
variniii ilitail^ wliieli have lieeii a eause as well a» a iiart nf that pin-- 
iieiity, the ti'iiipmarv w itlnliawal nf \ihii'li we have all "O iii\n;h reasmi 
Id i".'i'et, ami tn tile I : I,, lelnrn nl whii'h wo are all anxiously ami 
liiipetully In.ikiiin f.ilW.llll. 

GENERAL PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT. 

Wliethor uiiiisiileie.il liy cniuparisuii nr siui|ily in the alistract, the 
aevelnpnient ami prni,'i'e-s nf the ('niiiity nf (arlulnii have liueii nf a 
ninst uiicniira','iii,' nature. It is still within the niemnry nf the nMer 
ilihaliitalits when linthilix Imt natures Si'litules eehneil hack the 
scream of the ea'4le ami the yelping of the wnlf mer lliis splelnliil 
ilistriet, unw omitaiuiliii a capital city, m.iliy pleasant ami prnsperniis 
vUla','es, .iml a liilf-.scm'e nf |iiipulnils ami emiip'tiatu uly wealthy 
Tiiwiisluiis. Many call renieiiilier when " 1,'iWer 'I'liwii," in llllawa, 
was miu ilciise swamp, in whi-li tlm.se wlm ventincil were very likely 
tn Insu their rccKniiin;; ; while fnr mile- ami miles mi the smith nf the 
(Ittawa scarce a haliitatimi e.iisteil, nr a white mall Inel taken up hi« 
aliniUi ill what was till then the umlispiiteil huiitiin,'-'.,'riaiiiil» nf the 
alinrii(ilies. 

Cmuini,' ilnwu it little later, linn many can rucall the fiiiie 
when tlie lirst little cleariiiya lie^aii tn ilnt the lanil«ea|ie alnll^' the 
liivei frmits. ami the mily " settlement " wa« at the present X'illawenf 
lliclilnnml ; when rnails iliil lint exist, when schnnls hail imt yet lieeii 
seriiiuslv thnii;4ht nf, ami ehui'clies were ammi!! the ple.isani renieiii- 
iirances"iil a fnrnier civilizatimi, ah imlniieil fnr the lite nf liackwnmls' 
piniieera i an 1 laterstill, when iieiKhlinrhnn.Ue uinuenceil tn he fnrmi'.l 
liv the ualheriii!,' tnnuthur nf a few families within a radius of as many 
iiiile-, anil tliev tir-t cnmniemeil in think nf the neces-ity nf the intel- 
liH'tuai tl'.lillill^' nf their chililreii. ami In .supply it a- liest tliev cniihl hy 
the teiii|ii«iarv winter .sclinnl taiiijhi prnhalily liy mie nf the settlers in 

his nwn In- ealiili where the lisiiin ijenerali I ilie setllemeiit tirst 

learneil the rinlinielits nf " rea(llli(,', 'ritilit,'. anil 'ritliliietie." which was 
■ 11 that iiiaiiv nf them ever not a chance tn learn. 

■ : these elnhrvn sett I 



The impolictralile linijs ami swanilis separatiin; these elnhryn sett le- 
i.ioMits-cniinecteilhy " ciiriliimy " cross-ways, nr what wa.s.slill wmse 
even yet in a few instances remain tn tell ns nf the early link nf 
facility nf intercmiiiiiunieatimi, ami reiiiiml ns nf niie nf the many 
ilisailvautaKos iimler which the iiimii'i'i's nf Carletmi lahmeil ; while the 
splemliil highways nii all hainls nliservalile, are existinn inmiiimeiin 
tn the eners^y, perseverance, ami well-ilirecteil iinlusiry nf tlmse wlm 
ouiipicreil a ilcsnlate ami inhnspitalilu wihlerne.ss, ami inaile il what it 
i^ - nuu nf the must ilusiralile. in many respei'ts. nf all the t'nunties 
nf a Province ailmitleil the lirst -in everythiin,' p' i-taining tn pnm- 
peritv ami natimial nroatnesa -within thi- lirn.el Dmninimi. 

Scnres ami humlreils still remain tn bear In ili'4 witness tncliaiinc- 
fiii vast a« ti) rival lictinii in their wnmlerful reality -which have 



neciirreil within the last half century iimlur their nwii 
have seen a wilileniess ilisappear : a city arise frniii a 
prilllllive liiK hi|l»i;i\e place tn p.llatlal lesnhiliei's, bllllt 
ami nil a Mcah' which will recall lln' retineil iileat ami il 
arts nf till' biiililers In the iiiliabilaiits nf future ceiiliii 
ami till. er- w Inch will, ai{es tn cnme, slaml is iniinnineiil 
lirise nf a past a.'e, 1 i rival the celebrale'l liinples II 
liealheii natiniis ; bri'lKes ami cauaU, siirpassiiiu the celi 
iliictH, viailiictH, ami stnne ways which havi> imnle 11 
celelirateil as have their initfhty rnminests as iiiiieh tin' 
cause, nf these sliipenilniis wiii'ks nf art: aiiil a iiia',jiii 
which I'm- a niimher cf yeais has uttnicleil the attcntiii 
the ailinintimi nf all i isiinrs tn the seal nf I'ai'liiiineiit nf 
nf < 'aliaila. 

NS'e have seen, wilhiii a little >>\v\- a iieinratimi, A 
which 111 niimliers wmilil scarce fnrniii reHpectahlu silbiir 
I'iltaue tncrea-e tn such an exii-nl that smne nf the iiiai 
ties are cminteil by thmisamls. 

We lia\e seen the miseries ami siitterinus lueiileiit ti» 
nf a wilileriiess ({I'.iilually lephieeil by cmiifnrt, plenty, { 
ami the eiiuiitiy, wliii'h tint man) years a',;ii w.is i i a \el 
sine ill viiiil nf eiery tliiiin pi il.iiniu;: in whit iiiinhl I 
luxuries nf a liiuhcr cl\ lll/..itiiili 111 lesjiei't til the sllbst.i 

nf lelii^inils anil eililcalimial faeililies lul- I ll litel'all\ 

ecclesiastical taberuacles ttf cmiiimiitiniis iliiiieiiHiniis, ;.;i 
tiniis, aii't elei.i:iiii ihsinii, ami instilulimiN nf learn 
intellectual aliil literary Iralniln^-schnnU, are the lllnsi t 
a liberal ami enlii^ilili'lieil ai,'i' has witlicsseil ; while ill re 
ti'ctural ilesi'.'ii ami nn eliaiiiciil liiiish many nf them at'i 
lliKllist nl'ilir, rellectllu; cleilll aliki llpnli the i,'i'liill» 
wlin ile\ iseil the s\steiii nf aliicli tiny are anailjuiicl, ii 
spirit ami liberal inimleiltiess which niters *uuh fiicilitii 

mints tn its cnnipletlnll ami pl'njeel inll. 

U'e have seen hi nail ami fel tile tie Ms ifrnn blnailer 11 

illiiierlhe binw nf till' w Iiiiiin's ii\e ; lill iiiiw, ill 111 

^'riives 111 fnri'st (lilt here ami there the fai-tretchiiin .'ii 
cni'ii ami Inxni'iaiit nieailnw, insteail nf an alnmsl illt 
beiiuj iiiter-pi'1-eil, at lln nft-reeui rim,' ititcnal, with sn 
rude cleariiii;, as was the case within the nieimii-y nl 
iiiiddle a)ie. 

We hale seen at least niie branch nf maiiiifaetii 

ihiveliip frniu the iiinHt primitive and einbryn sta^e 

which astiiiiisli, by their idninst increilibli'iliniensiniis, ev 

daily aineatimiH briiii; tlieiii iiitn clnse emninilnica 

iiiin'iltiie and details nf alrallie which has the I'apilnl I 

wlinsi' supply is bmimled li\ llililsnu's Itay, by Labi 

Prairies nf the " I.niie Nnrth-himl," and is reiiulated b 

" all tlinse wild live ill IitiiiseH ' whether t'ley he in nl 

inn, whether lliey be ill the many latitmle- iiml vitryini 

the '.'real licpublie In the smith nf ns, m in the cities 

the Kninpean iiatimis, tlie Islands . if the Ka.st i.rWesI 

pela'.'nes, the teriitnries watered by tile .\ina/nii am 

bmimied by the .\iiiles and the Sniith I'acitic, nraiiinin; 

We have seen, in fact, and cnlitiinie tn nbsel've nil 

many and sn marked exi'leiices nf '.^'cneial prnsperi'y 

tlirminliniit the Cniinty nf i 'iirletnii. thai ilie ever iiicr 

I iiii]irnvenn'iit blunts in a measiiie mir sense and appri 

I wnmlerful develnpnn'ul which has fmiiu'd a part nf 

! we c.irefiill\ cniniiare its st.ile in le^'ard tn its phv-ia 

whetlu'r applied tn anriculltir.d, nialiilfachlrim,', ediieat: 

1 ciil all'air- .it the time nf, ami shmtil suli,ei|ilelil In, 

I llielll, with the stale nf its pre-ilit 

I MATERIAL RESOURCES. 

I If the fail that tlnre is :i \,i-liiev.. :,i|.| m.i-Milicent 
but necessary tn nblaill the iiinsI ca-ilal aciplaintance nl 
be cmivinci'd ; yet Imw vast they really are, nr tn whin 
liiaL'llilllile they have ileMl(i|ie(l withinllie past i:elierat 

tnid by reference In statistics, which, eirefully i f 

tate-t ntlii'lal ilncllinents and lllnsi lellable iiifnrmatinl 
straie iliat niir resmirees as a I'liiiiity/fi'iirt ti ii .tt "erstan 
fairly entitle it tn a fnreninst place aiiinny the ci-nnr 
sii'iis nf till' liiiest I'riivinee nf an l''uij .re -.I'li He ] 
pnWer have fnr centuries been the adllllratnn 'if tile W"l 

iUesU'h as liistnr\ leaves nn recnr-l nf air 'iflu ' tn en 
all thiii'„'s pertaining tn aij;i'iciilliii'ii! uim ir -chaniial 
scientitii'. iiitellei tiial, ami iiiiumI prngiess. umI materi.i 
tial prnsperity. 

Let IIH Innk at a few nf these liniires We have In 
pi. lie, a territory (■ninprisiii;; ■i5.">..S:is neres, nr .SIlHj 
exclusive nf (lltaWa. (If this iplantily, the enlui 
prnpnrtimi of 'illl.T'.Di acres were cleared at the' tin 
assessment, nr within :l very small Ir ii'timi nf ."1^ per ret 
This land is placed at an assessed valilatinn nf ."^T.li 
aceniiliuu'tn the metlind here praell-ed, is hut little lim 
real value, which we thelefnre safely set dnwii as exeeedi 
nil which 7,'.Mi'< resident ratepayers pay taxis These 7 
I'epresenl ii tntal pnpiilatimi nf IJf.iilill, nwiiinii assoi 
prnpei'ty amoniililin tn .•<17li.77'.l, and are taxed nn" .^4j 
Tin se il'.,nires seem ridiciilmisly small : .iml so 'hey 
asses-i ■ ' returns in all cases and in all [..calilies tliriit 
viiice, sn far 118 these twn subjects are cniicerned. Il wi 
the table hereafier '.^iveli nf the " e(iuillize(l " assess 
liniires are ni ide t i assunie iimre reasmiabii' prnpnitior 
b- leiMeed tint smne of the asse-siueiits of real propel 
the two scliedules, diiVer ill paitielliar Tiiwlislli)is fr 
The reason is, thai in -.'iviir^ ihe ** present comlitioi 
every case referred to the latest returns : ivhcieas, in i 
eases, the " e([iiiii"/e(l " assesHinent is arram^ed, aceoi 
iioverliing -iieli liliitter-. froln the asseHsinent ]ireceiliiin 
The nuinber of useful dmiie^tic animals nwned ii 
;;ivell as X. IC.T llnrses and '.Ml.'."'.'-' catlle. nf all a-es : )i'> 
•>.H7 pi','-' Tlm.se arc tiic actual li-^'ures fm- all tin- in 
per latest return-, and reiiresenl an iictual \aliii- in In 
alnlie nf liver a niitlinii nf ilnllal-s. 

.\lllimi-.;h the law- provide I'm- a iiiiii.t exliailslive > 

lieiiii^ fnriiislii'd bv Vssessnrs ami Tnwn.ihip l.'Ierk.^ 

I Clerk, still w-e nbscrve fi-niii reenrds in the (.'oiiiity i 



CARLIll'UN.— Continued, 



XVII, 



i> [imi Itiilf iiiiitiii-v iiiMtui- their (iwii t'Vii: Thuy 
'iiiHH i|JMii|ipi'iu' : a I'ity iw\m- troiii h ilrimc I'<uun| ; 

Ui\i' |itiU'l' to ILllutlltl ttthll'tlCfi, IPtlllt lit' II iMIitL'I'illl 

^\\ Will i'cimII tilt' I'l'liiii-il htctiH liiiil rlit> iirn^ruHiiivit 
•n tit till- iiihidMUnts ..| liituii' ft'iiturii-N ; »'innvlii'i» 
u itl. iiL^t'H t<i i'>iiiM', Miuui <M iiiuiiiiiniMi('4 lit tin- niter 
i>, I'i nvitl llh' r<il<')i|-iili-i| tt'iii|il(.'i "f llir utii li'til . 
liri'luc"* mi'i I'niiti', ■*iir|niH!*iiii4 tlin fi-lilu iti'd hiiuc- , 
iinl -^tniif wavH wliirli liitvt> iiukIi' tlii' U«tiniU)H um j 
itiMtr iiMtflily I iiihiiu'tti iiH iiiurli till' ri'Hiilt. an the | 
i|it'tiili>iiN Wilt k-t '•! itrt : uii>l (I iihi'^iiiliri'iil ('ii|iit(i|, I 
•y >-t' >i>:i)-, hii-t j(ttnii-tr<l tin' iillciilii'ii ;iiiit i-liiiiitt<i| 

ill VHltMl'H tn tllC nVH\ lit I'lU'llJllK-llI '>t' tlu I >MllllltlO|l 
VMlllltl It littll- 'iVlM' fi KltlMTltlull. il |»t[lllli|tiull- 

wi'iilil Kniii't' fitriii II iVH|ii>i'tiil)Ut Hiiliiir'i tuia i-iMiiitry 
• -iiirh itti cMi-iit tlijit Miiiiit* itf tlio iiiiuiy Miiiiii-i)iiili- 

\ tl)<>UHi(l|l|H. 

lie iiiiii-rii*H Jiiiil Hiil)<'i'jiiL{H tiii'ii|(M)t til tht' fti'ttU'int'iit 

itliiiilly n-itlaiTiJ K\ i ifm-t, iilrnty, iiimI iitMtii<ita< ; 

vliiili tint iiiuii) yt'iui ii'.iii w.i% i I a wvy j^M'at iiu-a- 
•rytliiiii; ]i.i (aiiiiii;^ l" w|i it iiiiL,'lit hf t<Tiiic.! tin- 
'I' i-i\ ili/.atiiiii Ml rt-Hju'cl III till' •^uliHtaiidal ii\ i>li;iii't<ii 
li)i'ati<inal t'ai'iliiit'^ liU'' Im<i-ii litti'ally i'n\rivil witli 
■uai'lfH lit' iMiiniii'iJiuiis ilitiiriiHiMlit, jjra.ufMl |>l'i'linv- 
t t|iM)i;ti, aihl tiiHtitiilintiN (it li'iirtiiiiL; vvliicli, m 
liTiry lniiMiiii;-Hflii...U, aii' tlir iiimhI fllirit'iil which 

llll'tli'il at,'!' Iian witian^tt'ij ; whiln lll I-i<s|ii'i-t to (U'I'hi- 

I iiii t-liaiiii'iil ltiii-«]i many I'f tlii-iii litv IikhU'U cf tlit! 
liftlllL,' rtvtill aliki ll|in|i the i,'flliui« nf thl' I'l'iiplf 

>'*ti' 1 wliuli liny art- all afijiiin't, atnl thf {Uihlir 

aiiii'h'iltii'^.H » liirli nll'fi- 'iiL-li t'acilitius aii<l ithlllCti- 
I'tioti ai(ii iiiMJfi liuii, 

liinail :(iii| In I lie \'u\>\n avtw lnoath-i' ainl iiinli- hnnul 
t till' wi'iiihiiair.s }i\f : 111) iiitu-. in m my |i(irt-, tho 
it lii'i'i' anil tlin-c tin- tal->titttrliiiiLl aiiMH -if waving 
It iiu'iuIhw, in.ittNiil nf an alum^t illitiiitaMt- itnvM 
I, lit tin ofl-ri'cnii'irf,' itili'ival, uitli smalt initcliuM <if 
VHH thu ciiKf uithin the iimiinry of uvi'ii thitHU of 

I at IxuMt t'lw liianrli nt inannfiu-liiri' grow luiil 
iiiHHt {it-iniiiivii und nnln-yn Mtauc In ]irn)M'i'tiunH 

ttu'ii' altiMint iin-i'i'iliUliM|jnuint(i<in^, I'Vi-n tlmsu wIiuho 

lii'inL; thnii niin i-fnsi' runiinnnicatinn uitli thu 
iU ot ;i ir:illii- w liu-li has the ('apitMl fi.r itn heart— 
lii>nn<U-il liy iliiiUnn^ ]'>uy. Iiy LaKiadnr, untl thu 
l.otiu Nortli-ltUMJ," an<l i« rui^nlatt'il hy tin' wants «f 
lu il) honHcK ' whetht'i' t'ley Im- Jti Miir nwti [>nniin- 

lic in tin- many latituih-- an<l vai'vini; lumfituilcM nf 
ic to till- si.udi <if ns, 111 III till' I'itifH m- hainlits of 
inns, thl- IslaniU nf tin- Kaht nr West fn«lian Ardli- 
litnrii'f* watn-cil liy tin' Ani.i/on ami La Plata or 
mU'." anil tin; Smitli I'liL-itic. nratnoni,' tlu- AiitipndoH. 

in fad, ami rnntinut' tn nh-Hurvi' nn all hainl.s, ho 
rki'il i!\iilnK'f^ nf '^I'lH-ial pinspi-rify mnl pfoi/iVKH 
minty nt fai-li'tun. that ila* v\fv inuri'aHinj^ !*ouK' nf 
its in a iiK'nHnif nnr sonsi* anil u]>[>i'L'rialifiii of the 
]ininil which has fnini'il a part nf it^t hi^toty, till 
)an' its HtalL' in ni,'ai'il tn its phv-iual inmlitioii 
n aLjricnltnral. manllt'a('lll^ill•,^ I'llniMtiniial, or pnliti 

time nf, ami ^hnitiv tsnliMnmnt t-i. itw early si'ttle- 

ttf nf ilr* pIT-PliI 

MATBRIAL RESOURC£S. 

at tlo-rt' Im a \ a-.tin"^» aii'l iiiaiiiiilifciKu in theMi-, it \n 
ihtain the mnsi i-a-nal acquaintance nf the Incal'ty tn 
t Imw vast they really are, nr to what an iistnnisliiii;j 
lave ilev('lti[.ei( williiii llie |iast ,L:i-nei'a(inn. can tinly hi> 

tn statistics, ivhieli. .■ ireful ly i ipileil fmm the 

intents and must u-halile i<ifn|-m:ilii>n, will ilnimn- 
(.inresa«a t'lainty/fi'im ^ i- .It "errttand-]tnint viewcil, 
n a fnivinoHt place amoiiy U»^ I'l'nnr pnlitieal divi- 
•st I'rovince nf an Kuij .iv -.I'h mc pfnsperity and 
iitiiries heeii the adniiniCnn if t;»o Wnrld and in an 
■\ leaveM nn recni'.l nf an' ntht ■ tn cnmpiire with, in 
linu tn ai^riciilinral H>'a le tchani-al devt-lopun^nt, 
tual, and nmr.d prnjjiv.'tt^. u'.d material ami ftiihstan- 

u few nf these liu'nroH W'v. havts lieia, in thohrat 
■ cninpri»iii>' -^rM.S^s acron. nv H(iH] sipnire miluH, 
awa. ttf this -|Uiinlily, the eniuparatively larj^'o 
l».71'!t acres were cleared at tlie' time of the last 
thin a very small Irietinii nf ;{*■ pen ent. nfthewhnle. 
■ed at an asses>eil valiiatinn nf sT.tUD.if:*'^. which, 
iiethnil here pr;(cti>ed, in hut Utile nmie than Iialf its 
wtlielefnfe safely set dnwn as exceeijin',' Si 'i.niH i,(Mltl, 
I'siiji'iit ratep;i\ers piiy taxis These 7,!t'i^ ratepayers 
IHiimlatinii nf ;U.:i(iii, nwninj^ assessalde pn-Mniial 
m,' tn ^l7*».7Tl». and are taxed mi' p(4,(MM) nf income, 
em ridicnliniMly small : and so 'hey are, as ate tlie 
1 in all cases and in all j.iealitii-s tlirnu^^hniit (he l*ro- 

lese twn sulijerts are cnlicenied. It \\ill In- llntieed in 

•r '^iveii nf the '' eiiiializiMt " asses-nieiit that thu 
t laHsiunt' mnre reasonalile [irnpnrtiniis, It will also 
mie nf the asse-ismeiitrt nf n-a! prnpnty, as t^ivon in 
■s, dilVer ill paitieular Tnwiishiiis fmin each iitlier. 
lial in -jiving 'in- ** pre-tenl cnii'litinn," \\r have in 
L'd In the latest returns : whereas, in smiie particular 
t''/ud " assesHiiient is arram;eil, accnrdiiij^ tn Statute 
latter-, fmm the assoHsiiu-nl preceding tlie hist. 
»f Useful dnme--lic animals nwnetl in the rmmtv is 
irse.s and 'Jtl.'.iC'J raf tl.-, nf all a-es : -•l.\f;il7 sli.-rj,, and 
seare the actual li'^nires for all the nuinicipalitie-, as 
■^. and represeni an actual value in imrses and cattle 

litllnll nf'dfdlai-H. 

law- prnvide fnr a mn:'t e\liauslive stati'^fical lepnrt 
liv \sse^snrs and rnwn.diip ('ltrk>ftn fiie I'minty 

bserve fmm nicnrds in the ('.unity otlices that tliesu 



itiitruutiuiiii are in a nuiulier nf oaKit* nyntitinatically di^rfffarded. For 

inttam e, nne particular Tnwn^hip lias maile tin retiuii fnr >earN of the 
iiiinilier nf f.irni aniiii<d^. numlier nf acres nf land, either iiuprn\i'd or 
unimproved, nr the pn]aitatinii : while the fnnte m true m loi^'ifd to 
till' pnpulatmii and tnijiroved lamU nf smue of the nthers one rn»li- 
■*liip Clerk inlnrmitiK iM (Iia( 'Mhe latest aiel hetl infnrimititin we 
have nil (lijit lUhject |inp. nf Tji. I IS tile letisus of l'*7l," In (he fnj 

hiwiiix taMt\ (he |Miiiiilit(inn of Kit/mv, ( ilmii'i'ster, and lliin(h-> are 
taken from the last Unininion census. The .iclnal pvesent iinml>er 
would iirnhalily slinw ail iiicrea-»e ill thnne T-iwtithipf* cnljeetively e\ 
teiidiii'.; M.in the lliniisamlH, and it is a pitv M unicipal nllicers snmelimtv* 
fnru'i-' ' I Ki *t<>u (hat aniiiunl nf attehtmn leipnted li,> mailers ho 
elosidy allectiiiK the inteiests, lint n|il\ nf their in\li rnwiislii|is, Uiil 
thu eoniiiiuiiily at lariie. With th* cxeeplinu nt the almve ninisNioiiH, 
however, the sialt'of Tiiwns)ii[i niHeials, pirdeiilarly the Clerlis llimu^li 

out tluil'nuntii'H. Heein rhnrmiudily (n understand ami fully tn n I 

thu reniiireineiits nt the Municipal Act. 

We heii'With :,'i\r the taMe al'nve ittferied t-i. slinwiiin (he li- 
-onrees liy Tnwusliips, and alsn (he tntals iti tin; varimis tilasses 




'-- V •: '^ u ■! i 
2 i Ji " ;• ,- _• 



? .:- 



i 


X 


1 


« 






i . 




a 








A- 



.1C 


•r 




3 


3 






^ 


■« 


£■ 


f. 


?. 


4 


■k\H 


T1 


- 


- 


- 


tl 


.*: 


_ IS 


S 


'A 

3 


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liS 



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ll 



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* r. 3 - 



5. K 






2 S 



t 



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5 


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ti 


fri 


yi 


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t- 





It iipiiuiirs fi'uin tliu iili'ivf timt tli<> projinrtinn of ri'sulrnt I'litu- 
liHVorH Til piitMiliitimi JH I tn t.Hiti, stiiiiowli:it alxivii tliu j/etiunil iivurngc 
tlir'HiL'tinnt tilt: i-miiitry, which is .ilmiit I tu .'1. The iimiiln*r ff imii- 
f»'.siiUMit tiwiuTu iiiiiiiuii'fil vvilli rt'-HiiU-iit ruteiiiiytiVM is iin I to if^, 
within n \»'ry smiill fractiuu. The avura^'ii lunnin'i-nf aci'is owncil tiy 
rusiiU'lit anil nim-ft'suJi'nl rati'iiayfis is illi.i'T.i : thi ii\ iTa-^'r nniiiin-r of 
acrt-'H whii-li ,sii|iiii»r(s i-acli inlialiil int is Hi. I4L' ii; 'in' wiii.if, urli. I*_'l* i.f 
iniiU'iivi'ii lanil ; iiinl tliu avurayo iniiiiliutiiiii |n'r M|ilari' iiiiiu is i!l),<>ri.') 

W'li Ltivi' Im'Iiiw a tiiiilf slniwini; tin' rusnit nt tiiu Inii.H's id' tliu 
" I'liniaii/.iitinii nf Assi's^nifiit" ' 'iiiiiiiiilli'n of tlie t'.iimty 1 'unni'ii, at 
till! HOHsiini I if .In III* i.isl, ami tin* iiinili- nn u'lurti tlit) l.asi'.l llii'ii' I'aleil- 
iatinns. 'I'lli'ir I'l-piu't was ailii[iti*il liy UiiHiiintinn jNn. -Ht, at tlir ulinvt; 
suttsinii. 



\ .ihu' .it 
Mniiiiil'iilin. liiMt fro- 



Kow I'Miiilmrn ? 290,0'.'.i 



. -11111111111. 

Kit/niv 

(iliiuii'stiT . 
(ImiDiniira -. 
Iliintlt'V . .- . 

March " 

-Miirllioro' - - 
Ni!|>i'an . .. 
.Niiitii (iiiw.- 

tlsHiMiiif 

■I'lirlii.lti.ii.. 



Viiliit' lit 
I'tTHonut T'ltiil- 
I'miKirty; 



nil' lit Vuf 
iliitlull i.l 
VlllaKCtt- 



4, 

711, 
„5ii ,141 

7i."),on(i 
47.')..'i;io 

IIII.'-IHl' 

17''i,ii74 
'.>,1I17.7IH) 

'iii4,(l:il 
l,i;i.-i,^or, 

1:14,01 11 



(lraiiirriilala,.?|7,';.'11.170 



«18,7.-)0 $3()8,(75, 
7011 ^l,•27ll■ 
I7,ili'n 7i:'J.2is 
4'.1.17.', l,-',.^:',.illil 
74, l.-il ,sl'.i,.^l4 
.'iii,:i;i.'i .■r.':).iii;-',' 
'20,»i."i \-2\x,: 
4,7(Kt I.SI,:17I 

ii-s..'t7-''i'-!,i:ii;,07.-i 

n',10ii .;7ii, l.'ll 

I ll.nnl l.'J|i;,Mi7 J 

I '.',170 UK. 180 

48:i.«2ll8,n4,991 



«8S,2C 
24,78li 



Ailil or Du- 
illlut ?,. 



4ll.i 



Ui'il. 
Aihi. 



--OS 



(-^limliZMl 
Viiliie. 



:i,vi,.iu'.i 

80,1144 

«r-',a79 

,723„1'-'l 

C,V.',(i8,-i 
7fi'.'..«97 
:l.'i2,3.11 
4i;4,92i! 
.203,171 

ri2o.(io7 

,(lsil..'.ll4 
•Jli;l,^,•|4 



Il(,7(i9.424 



I 



■^ 



XVIH. 



HISTORICAL SKETC: 



Thoimioantof taxes levied t!io curruiit yuar forOdiuity [nirixmes 
waagL'M, '_*():{.'? I, uf whicli 81T,<>1.'),17 is *;liisf»ilif»i iia County v:\U-. invpiT, 
ftiul tlio I iliiiii; 1-) iiiailt? up m;' vanmis Hpucial iMt»;s, clnrtly tn iin-ct 
iiitoro.it .ui 1 ?iinkiii4 niiiii on l.Mtii iiri'Vi<iM?ily nu;^'oti,ii<''l t->r ilie rwr- 
tion iif the iifw Cmiiiy Miiililinys. Tliu |irop(irtn)ii nf tliu iilinvr, for 
tlio HuvtTal nuui'i- miiiiu'ipiilitii'S, is u.s fulIuwM : Nopoaii, ?<'!,-*fj'-'.l*rt ; 

(iloiiooster, i^t,lt77.GO ; Osl^.puiIl', .^S.llIS.Hl ; < I'.iill ni, .*<:i,7r)I, ■>'J ; 

Fitzruv, ^:i,OX>.;t.'» ; Umiilrv, .■^J.ii'il.OI ; Nui-tli (;..«.■!. Sl,.'.ul.'.i7 ; 
Miirlburii',;?l,;n.l,(Ui ; Nvw'K.imbiiryli, .Sl,n;;ii.71> ; Marili,.<l,<U t.'Jl : 
Torl).)Unii,5;7tll.MMJ ; ami Kiclimoiul, :?L'a;t.M;. 

Tilt; rL'ason of tho ls7()-7 asjjc.s.siiiL'nts lu-iiii^ Udiul in somo of tin- 
Muiiioip.iiitur:,, wiiilf tlntsu i>f l''77-^ ariMi'i-d in ntlu-rs. is fxplaincl 
by tlio i.icr tliat tli.- various rlaiisus of tlu' Municipal A**, so far as n-- 
livtcH to aa'Uijsnu'ntu, suoiu fo conlliL't in a ui<a.-iurc, aiitl in siicli a niati- 
iiur ill it it \i Irft a aiatttu" of lioulit —in corlain contiiiL,'('nL'ii:s not 
iK'L'udsiry Iilto to i\iil,iin -wiu'thcr tin' last utisesdhiunt In* nsi'tj or tlu' 
pruuvJiii;; onu. AltlioUL;li nearly all < "ounty i 'ouncil-s tliroui^liuut ilu- 
cuuulry nitLTprul lin- ^iPirit ..f ttu' Ac; lo ho (hat tho lau assussnu-nl 
rolls bti uatMi, ainl u:=o thiMii afciiitltn;,'ly, -ilill tho Carluton (\uimil 
tak« thu j^rouuil thai in tlie outitini^cnciLSaiiove allmU'd tnaiiy County 
rate JuviL-d on an L'ipializatit)n from the latent rolt-t would lit> iMi';^al. 
It so ha[ipL'i)H this year that in .-lix of tiiu minor uiuum ip;tliti(-s tlu' 
1S70-7 asstv-'siaent rolls liavu Ik-i'Ii used, and six of tin- laltst, « r l'^77 f^. 
Tho Couueii oviiue, l»y their earefuhus.s in this niattt r, a laudable de- 
airo tu eoiiiiuct tin? |)uhliL' biisiues-'i safely, and without risk. 

Therti is no exni-iL', hmvevur, so far a^ wc ean see, f<«r tho immense 
pro fitl-i discrepancies bet rt'een the real or approximate valueof jtro- 
perty in the various minor munieipalities, and the valuation placeil 
upon th'-m by the Township assessors. As eipializeil, they must be 
iJi-esiiiu'd to he. if not absoliiit'ly, at least comparat i vely (with eaeh 
other) eorreet. While in i'uly onec:iS'' have the KiinalizatiouL'ommittee 
reduced the asses-imeiil, they have added a percenta;;ti exiendin;^ into 
the trij.lo liLfures in ni less than three 'nd of the twelve minor muni- 
cipalities —tne hiyhost adilitioiis being 'J2(l;': per cenl. lo the Village <if 
Hiohin -ml ; IHlj'.^ ^ to the Township ol .\iaieh ; and l.'.dj ^ to the 
Township of .Marlljnru'. If the tiijures as tinally altered are tu be 
t.ikiui ai )rroot, Xopu.iu was the undol Township, its assessmenl 
bjiu^ lijis than 0'^ in udvaneo uf what was in tho lirst jihice re- 
turned. 

Th-' highwaysof comnmnieatiun, which -if not nniong tho resources 
thomiulvi.'^ —ire the great arteries throu^'h whioii tho life and strength 
of thiur develiJpiuont pulsate, have boon noted elsewhere. 

The uisioit way, and at the same time the most accurate, of form- 
ing an eiiiimto of the real resourcs oi any scctio:i in by studying the 
lato-t cjiHUs statistics ; and the best idea we ean pos-^ilily itbtam of its 
in ueriii! prj^ress and latonL rei'>iu\\,'i is by compa]'is(.pn of those 
ti,' irji for a uain'>L>r of sue 'joiiiig periods. \Vo rthall endeavor li> do 
this l)y giving the results oi tho did'jr.MU ejrisus cnumiiatKui:* from 
t"ijl to 1,^71 iii'.'hisivo. As is well known, the last census was one uf 
tliemur acj, irate and complete in all its details uf any which has 
over bj.'u t ikL.-n in any cuuiitry ; and probably no mt>re correct state- 
ment of the ai'Mi il in-ts-nt revoiireos of the i'ounly cuuld be arrived at 
than by c luuiing tho sime proj»ortioiiit(' increase, umler the prinei[ial 
heads (in respect to lime . fr-uii l"^71 to the present, to that whieii took 
piaca hjtween i^'il anl 1^71 ; foraliliuu^h the commercial and liiiaii 
cial systems Invo sull'-r.-d deraiigenient and experienced depression 
throughout th.'enintry generally within tlie past three year-, this 
Cjinty is so paivly an a.;ricuitiiral e 'lumunity, tliat (he retardment 
oi b.iiirKMs pr.tspjnty his not oxtenlel itself in any very nnrke I 
measiir,3 beyonl the o uiliiies of the City of i >t tawa ; and wo tind the 
p II I 11 1 nil iir MMi" i ol rli' C • inty in a lljansitn^ aui generally 
si:is:'a:; u'y o mi litiuu, whu'li in lie.ite a eontimied and even uiL-reasing 
i«ros|»enty. 

We tin I that in HTtl. tiiei-o were but .'t,421 inhi1>it.'il .Iwellings in 
the whileC mutv. divile I a< follows : -Firzroy. 370 : < Jlouuester. llH* : 
ti Mill. .am. :r>-» ; Xorth U 'Wer, L'77 ; llant'ley. :Ul : Maieh, Itt7 : 
Mirlh.r.', :U') ; N'ejKM-i, ostj ; Oog,.-. le. I'H ; Uichmond, 57 ; airl 
Torh ilton, 7;>. Of Ihesi'. l,:J"l are de-tcritusl as "shanties." I,77;(as 
log hoase^, -M". <if frame, an i 72 of sLonc--th...j being not one brick 
h >asu 111 tho t 'uunty. There were also two dwolliiigs reported unin- 
hahiteil— '■ shxnties." (J; tlie ;i,4-JI inhabited, oS wen* also nsi-d^'.s 
shops or stor<M —of winch :.' I wero lu • Ugoo K-. lo in Kit/.roy, and S n, 
Uichrn.nl. ra'Mnim'>.-r of t iverin wan 11 ; sciiools, SA ; "public 
buildin,'-t," 1 Uiclim m 1> ; and ehmvhe-i, itd. The entire [.opiil ilion 
consi-(el of '.i.'tS i fauulie-*. coiit linmg 1 1, H-* miles and H». l>_' 
fonnles, .n- a t .t il of l.*;t,(;7;i, divideij as follows : -Kit/roy, J.Sil7 ; 
(ilo.icjstor, .t.iU'j ; <J lulbourn. :i.oJo ; Huntley li.ol'.t : Muvli, 1,(2". : 
.\Iirl)oro', :i,U'»;i ; Nep.-an, iS.^.I); Xorth iJ.'.w-t. 1.777: Osgoode. 
U.Oii; Kic'iuiiul, I'U . an I T'trboKoh. •J,'y2. 

Ln I-sil tliM pipuliition hid incnMsel to :!;t.t»:iti — L-oiiiposed of -1,^7'' 
f inihei.liviui in l.:2l:t h '.ne*. and divi b- 1 a* follow,-. . -l-'itzrov. :.\:t M ; 
'i . i.'.M' •;■. t. -JJ : »; nlli. ira. J.'.H I : U iri'l.-v, J.ii'.l ; \I ircli. I, -CI ; 
.MirlU.ri*, 2,;j;U ; Nepeui. L-lHl; North iJower, L',r.7ti ; » 'sgood.-, 
4..n_' ; lt;j'in'.il. .")i'i ; Torn tltpu, <i7o, Tliu number of eliuivl t'l 

WA'^ I'J. 

Bv l'*7I till' p.pilatioii aiuiiiutol io;tl,:H7. of which l-'it/r,.,- hid 
;t. li. ; Ol .u.mH;-, 1.7.S"'» ; 0.>ill. .arri. ;!.2-'l ; llintley, -J.i; U ; .Mir.-h. 
1.U7; Mf.-lt. .iv»\ J.2W; N«ipMU, a.'O » ; Xorsh t r .wer. :»,:.:!2 ; 
Otgute. -t.'J '.r i Torb .lioti, 7"il ; Neiv K hnSiirgh. ".:».; Uiehniou 1, 
4■^7. Tlin p .;>ul it toil e unprised .'),17o fa'iiuies. living in .">, l:i;) houses. 
Tnere were -^.'JUl if wli .ai t,l7H w.To milei, an. I l,*'i:i female-*) 
m irrin I ; IH". wi I ov.f I ; an I "Jl . Ml nnmuri ' I air I chiMren. Of {\h- 
wh .ie. tlievi* w.M*.; hi.llJ miles, an I l'.,J7o females; while of the 
umuirne I cl 'SI tli'i-.' Wer.' ll,:(Jl males, an<l I'l, 1 Ml fern des ; and of 
tho wi (owe ! elm. M:\ w.'re males, an I ''TJ fein lies. There were '_' l*p 
uniiih ibitel dwelliiigt. an I I Ci iii pric.M* of erection ; while oiil\ ,". 
in tho wlioh^ ('oimiv were ''Uisitie 1 a-" •' sh uiii.'s '" -tin N'l'pean. an^l 
I in Olou 'I'ster. Tae nuinbiu- of ehnrehe-t in lint Klectoi-.il Division of 
Carlt^ton which do.js nol include New Kdiiilmrgh, (Jlouee^ter, oi 
Osg t p le), was 17 -the census retuniH only giving returns of eliurehe.H 
by Khictoral Divisit.n.s complete. 

The luerei-*!' in (topula'ion from l^"»l to |,st.l was 'Ji:,>'7:i per cent.; 
and from IH'il to l-'7i, a very small fraction b-^s than il per eeni. 

Tho following i;t<>io will show the population by Townships eaeh 
ton yeir* since the -ilicial enumeration, taken iinmi'diutely after the 
Uuit.n of the Provui'-'-H of l.'ppur and Lower * 'amida . 



Ml'NIriPALITY. 



1851. 



im;i. 



1H71 



Kitzroy . . 

. (Jioneester , 

! Ooulboiirn. . 

i llunth-v. 

: March.' 

I Marlbor.t" 

Nept-an 

North (b.wer 

'►■'^j; le 

Torboltp.n 

Itichiiiond ., 

N.ru Kdinbiiigh.. 



-,«'I7 
3,Uori 
L'.o-o 
l.',ol'l 
1 , 1 Jo 

L'.'io;; 
;i,sinj 
1,777 
LJ.(Ot) 



l,o:i-J 
■J.'.tH 

j.i;oi 
i.t.vi 
'J.:i;!i 
l.lUi 
'J. ."'71; 
4,:i;tj 
t;7.'t 
01 (i 



■4,7.sri 

J.bol 
l.:ii7 

r.,iiti!i 
i!,o;i: 

7ol 

out 



Total |j:t,;M7 '2\i,*i-2o ;ji.;ih; 



Cr<i3a increaso »tnco Irfol, 11.1.*8*>; yruss <lt 
crease ll,()Ul». 

The ligures given umler 1S7S are those of the 
cept Kitzioy. where lu) ollicial return is made, ami 
IS7I. It is well known thai tin- assessor.^' est 
only atl'ect to be approMMiate, and as a matter <il 
always loo low. This will account for the a^pji 
many .^lnnicipalities, and the increa.se being 
There art, huWuviT, some slight (lecreiues, tlunii, 
very good aulhurity that the actual popnhitiun a 
UO,oiit.. 

This teiiijiorary falling oil', whe;e it occurs, ha^ 

caiued by e.\.eoptiunal ciicumstaiiccs ; tlioiigh in 

sire oftlie young menuf I'aiiada, and notably of ( 

With a newer and more rajmlly growing count 

many of the best eitizeiiri of the Ottawa Valley 

toba and the Norlli-Wi-st, wlnb- tin- general an«l 

has prevoiitfd iheir [.laces bi.ing lilK-il by t-nii; 

which has been sern'Usly eheckeil, or indceil alino 

of late. Another exceptional cause was tlie 

whicli .lev.istated the Ottawa Valley, and re«hieei 

(ion many hundreds wlni-c position was pruvioi; 

Tlioiigli C.irletun has ropfcred in llie first place 

i eliVjcteil these removal ■, un h;ss than in the coiise 

! tion, the eoiintry at large has not bi>eii a lose 

1 resiplence -mu>t oi them having goin- to our owi 

I In this c»»iinection it would hi- piopi-r to ivfe; 

' the Oity of (Ulawa, whicli wr here iiurely stale 

■ I'P the ollicial return for the year einUng Ueceml 

Kiiumeiator m the emjilo^ of tho I'ubiie ^ciiou 

estiniiti' miy be ivlied upon a-, far more nearly 

the asses-tojs. This [places the entire [>o[iulatiun 

in < 'ity and (.'ounty. 

In the above table weliave givun ihe coiu|)ar 
[loiPiilaiion in the various minor .Municipaiities 
It mi^dil be interesting logo still liirtliei back, 
''oiiiily as a whi>le, since the tirst olhcial records 
wjiiili accurate i-stimatea lan be obtained of thai 
L'|t[>er ' anada which how eom]jrises the L'vnn 
territory was of course dilferentiy divided al ilitl 
• late, but the greatest care has been exorcisrtj i 
tiu'ure> which refer to what i- iiow Carletoii ' 
(abiilaiing the ihllereut eeiisu-o of Uniario. it\i 
New llrunswick, from the hr-.l olhcial records d 
last coiLsiis preceiling that of 1871, and forminy^ 
political and mnnicii.al ilivisiuiis, was uii'ler tli 
.Mr. Tatigiiay. Mes:^rs. .'^. Urapeau an-l \V. II, 
\ery wiile ex[)erience in census statistics ; and 
task m ly bo imagined from the fact thai they w 
for a [periinl exceeding seven years in t!ic wurk, t 
[tartly inclusive of Itotli. 

The hist iplhct;d ceiisu- statistu-'i of rppcr ' 
to !^it. at which time Carleton \we s[pi-ak -tf t 
then mine alre.idy cml.iined z^.lHi inh.ii'itaiit 
J,:isi ; Ml l.H-JC. 2,81^ ; in |SJ7, ;t.:iL7 ; m 1■^JS, 
in 1^:U>, ):,;nii ; in IHitl, 7.ot>7 ; in l8;tJ. 7,011 
bSll. s,(;i)| ; in lrt;i5, 8,877 ; in l^iUJ. 'J171 ; iii 
l,>.o-.^ ; in IH.iK, lOJ.tJ; in \^Ui. lu.lL».>>; in 
ISU', the year ot iu orgmi/alion as an iiidepeii<l 
name of Dalhousie. the {population had increase 
The total increase for thu [.eri-pd of 18 year 
[Percent. The greatest a^'gieg.ite increase fiiraii, 
last of the term, and aniounteii to ;(.S,".(;, t)r;U.:i 
al.stp the largest [Uojtortionate increisi*. There u 
a ileoreiseto pU [.lace. viz. : 18,17 -(8, of .".4:1 ; an 
Ta.' ei'ises weivof e )urs<; exc.'i.tioual. Ihe norm 
of aim >U uninterraple I progress, both up to ai 
of Cm muuuipil or^aiii/. uu.n of the District. 

.Vow. as 111 all p. lit tun •. on,- of tlie duel j. pi 
C)nidcrel -ml in f.i-i one of |»iiMmpunt iiu|ior 
..f able*b » lied in 'U which a .■ puiitry pr c uamii 
of b.'iring ar.us. Suiistic^ e .mpilcil from tin- 1 
aa I Ik! mng on the above p unt. will 1. ■ found 
III Mvly re n irti in this ■•ounecti'.n that this Co 
e laM c .atribut.' about I J.tt M men towardn tin 
who are eip.ible of l.eirmg arms, an I not c 
numerous exemptions .-iiiiviliei in the Miliiii Ac 



numerous exemptions .-iinvilie 1 in the Miliiia Ac 
are ab .ut <iiM V.phmteers of the iJitTerent bra 
Tiie j.rop.rtion of both Active .aii'l Ues^uve Mil 
(loa will therefor.^ be s-'t-n to be almost fxaeily 
e piinting the libt-ral i-vemptions aii:hori/,od bv t 
unusually large pro|.oition .if |p.pssibU' eonibat 
couibitauts, bunig c .iisnlorably .ibove Ihe gene 
Till' sHi>iy>i-tui I ihno'-r of the {.opulation leni 
of (• purst*. be of the next -reatest inipiprtanee to 
men eapibb- of being levied. The synopsis « 
It'-tuniH fU.'wheie given, taken in connect ion wi 
of intercomniunieathui. alTording every desire«I 
of which ('arleton is f.prtunately po.s.se"s.se.l, givt 
manding {.ositUMi, and hMiling intluence in alt ii 
c.ipacily and character of the phyaicalan.imilitai; 



UCAL SKETCH OF THE 



1851. 



ISOl. 



IH'I. 



1678. 



Incrnttiie 



lll''h. 



-,«07 
li,U<l."i 

■.',:il!i 
l.ljj 

;i,,sii(i 
1,777 



:i,;W'J 
L','.I14 
l.lol 

i.ilu 
•_',:i7ii 
4,;i;)2 

51 u 



;i,l:!."i 

4,7s:i 
;i,:!;u 

l.;i47 

ri.uDii 

7Jl 
4«7 
S'.lli 



7,M."> 
;i,iiii7 
•.',4"i 
l,iWs 
l.'.i'Jl 
(i,.'ilii 
i',:itf,i 
:!,ii>5 
8«« 
4:i-J 



(UK 
4,sl(i 

48i; 

-llh 

:.',71U 
tIJj 

_-•) 

bill 



A:t47 i-M,n-n> i;ji,;tH7 ,;i4,4iii li.nii'.t 



tryatlari,'u;Kliilo the spirit of the inhnbitiints.us uviuoeil oil nil niiitlfis 
(.if niitiiiiml or piitriotic iinpui-t, iiici.st cunclusivulv cloiiii'iislnites thiit l\w 
Mutropolitnn i;.nni(y will nuvor Ku behilnlliiili.l in hivisliilig thu'U 
rusuurucs ill wliuti^vi r iljn'ftiijii tliuir country's liniini- m- i,'liiry muy 
duiuaiiil from Ikt citi/.i'U.s. 

Of the iiiinur.il, a:,'niMiltiiral, unci iiicchiinifal ii;.suni-ci-» «u havi' 
1 rtp.iki'iiulsi'wliuiv. Kiiiiii;;li has imilialily Iwi! sail! to slmw what wui 
\ iiitcndud to bi! shown— an iinpivjiuliciMi niiil truthful istihiati: of the 
Cuuiity as a whole, leaviny tho-e Lireiiuistances anil event-' whieh 
belong more .■i]iproxiiiialely h' partieillar loealities to be ilealt wilh 
while refemni,' .i.-« we -hall hereafter- to the various uiinur .Munici- 
palities of which the Couiit'y of (.'arletoii is c,tiui)ose<l. 

I THE CITY OF OTTAWA. 

I 

I Tliu t'xistencuof thu (.'apital of tliu |)iiiuuii'«n uf (';ui;ul;i ur, at any 

; i-iiti,'. tin: iiiituuiiiate caiisr uf its heitii^ fnimilid \\:is iliu? \u the ilitti- 
iMiMies, from a military point, nf view, which the An^'ln-Anu'rictiii wuf 
\ I >: \f<\-2-\o prnvi-d tuuxist in ilelcmlin;,' the cnunlry against foix-ii^'ii inva- 
aim, anil uviii fuieiun efn-niust. in case an..tiii;i- su.h uar ^h.ml"l arise. 
At that tinie. ami for .nany >'ueeee<liii^' ye:u>, rai!ru;iiis li el le't l>een 
thcmght of. The St. Ijiiwrence, hetween Sl<-ntreal aiel I'reMnii. wa.s en 
tirely unnavigal'Ie, and truM|ia. stoi-es, an«i snpplie.s nf all desciiption-s 
"liid t"t he remfivc'l from the .sea i»>i>p| overlaml. ami hy a ruail vvlinst' 
hi.se pn-ximity to ;{ foreiu'ii shore renuereii interruption ;i rouipaiatively 
easy matter, au'l made tlie defence of th..- then wesiiui Pro\incea 
matter of the nio.st .serious dilliculty. A fea.sil'le and easdy d«f»-nsilth- 
ehaimel dI comnnuiication hi-twee-n Montreal and the 'vest, tlierefore 
came t(t he looked npim hy the ndlitary authorities of (he Kmpire as a 
matttr of neces-^iiy. if that Kmpire sli.-iild hi- Iiehl intact A.- is well 
Known, the history of thf f.irepiirt of tiw presfiit century |Utsent.s one 
i-ontiauon- siicce.i.siou of wais. ni which every nation mi the world of any 
importance was from tint'* to time embayed : and the varions decrees, 
ordinances, and connter-ordinanoes of the Kuropeaii lu'lli'„'erent.s wen- 
^iif a nature not ciilculatcit to .sot. the the ah'eady exas|. crated feeiiu'^-s 
of the .Vmeric;ins, l>el\vei-ii wleni and the Itritish the memories ol 
teen seriou.sly checked, or uitlced almost entirely 8U.spemled, the troulilipu.s time^ of 71-1 stdl lived, and contrilnited in a yreaf 
lioLhur exceptituial c.iuse was the terrihle lire <*{ I87t*. ile^'rec to onLfciidor a deep lK)3ti.lity, fanned and encouraijed hy the 
stated the Ottawa Valley, and roduoed to a lielples.s condi- ■ duplicity of Napoleon, till it resulted in the ;di*>ve war. Thus, tin.' 
Iiundreils who-c |iositioji was previously one of atllueuce. lK*t,'iniiin,i; of tliat war was not the heL^iniiiiii,' of diploinalic dillh ultie.s 
rlelori ha.s .sullered in the lirsl [dace hy the causes wliich , hetweeii those twi> countries (.sMhsequent to the lte\ olution ), nor 
■se removal., no less than in the coiiscipient los.s <>f pupiila- was its close, in IH].'), the i*iid of tiiom. In sletit, tlmuuh ihe\' were 



icreaso since 18j1, U.28^ ; gross decrease, 'Jlit ; net in- 

res yiven under ISTS are ihoM- of the various assessors, ux- 

,, wliere iiootlicial return is made, ami we retain the tiyurea of 

i well known that the assessors' estimates of population , . ^, 

Lo he approximate, and as a matter of fact, they are nearly ' liad to he removed from the sea hoi>rd overland, and hy a rua<l wli 

low. This will account for the a[»paient fallini; oil" in so " " 

dcipalities, and the increase heiii;^ .-o small in others. 

however, s'Jiae alight ilecrciues. thoui^li il is estimated hy 

Lulhority that the actual population at prcenl will luimher 

ipurarv fallini,'oir, whe.e it occurs, has for theiiu>sHiart heeii 
xcoptional ciuunisiaiiccs ; though in tilhei"--, the natural «le- 
,-ouni,' meuof t'anada, and notahly of ( 'arletun, to '" expaiid" 
.er ami more rapidly yrowin;^ coiintiy, has induced very 
e hest citizens of the Ottawa Valley to nii.u[rate to 4luni- 
e North-West, while tin- i;«;neral and universal depression 
I tlifir places heini,' hllci l.y emii,'ratioii from Kuro['e. 



untry at Urge has not been a loser hy the change of noniin;d'y at peace, each was, in re 



•d to the othci. ill a state only 



most oi tiiuiu having Ljone to our own North-West. bordering on armcl neutrality, wiiicli miglit at any ne'inent develop 

connection it wouhi be [irtiper U' refi.-r to the population of itself into a war. the results of wliich. as re,_;ards territory, could le-t 

Ottawa, whicli we here iiurely state is ;;ii,6.">ii, according he hoped to be so favorable to Kn_;Iaiid as were tlio-^e of the la.-«l 
al return for the year ending December ^Isi, 1877, of the war, unless something were done upon one side .-f thf Itonndary to 
r 111 the employ of the I'ubiic bchoul Department, wliose meet and coi'ntoiact tlio military advantages derived from the ever- 
lay he relied iip'tii as far luijre ne.irly correct than that ui growing facilities with which the Americans were continually pro- 
is. This places the entire popidatioii at a tritle over OM,niiu vidiiig themselves in connecting their Kastern country witli the fast- 

I (.Vtuiity. growing Ufst. 

ibo\e table wehave given the comparative increase ul the Many -cln,nies wi re devised to meet this end. but tin' <uie which 

in the various minor Municipaiities .■since the year I&jI. was linally decided upon is jiHid to have originated witli the Duke of 
) interesting to go still funhiT back, and trace it in the Wellington. This scheme was to build a canal to connect tlie Lower 

II whole, since the tirst othcial records were [lublished fnuu St. Lawnucf with Lake < bitario ; ami after much time and l.-ibor had 
rate est unites can be obtained of that parlioular [iort;;;n of bt-eii spent in exploration and survey, it was decided that ilie valle\s of 
ada which now compri.ses the L'ouiny tif t-'arlet<-,i. Tl'is the iiideau, running inli' the Ottawa, and the t'ataratjui. emptying 
as of ciurse diHereiitly dividetl at ditlerenl times since that into the foot of Lake Ontario, should form the route in Ci-niiection 
lie greatest care has been exercisi-d inarming at the exact with the Lower Ottawa, from Montreal to the neuith of the Kideau. 
ch refer lo what i- now L'arletoii f.'ounty. The work of This work was a imrely military undeiiakinu'. and assumed delinite 
the ddl'erent ceiisii-es of Ontario, guebcc, Nova Scotia, and shape in Ifs'Jb. hi June of that year (■ojonel l!y. of ijie Koyul 
iwick. from the lir^t olhcial records <lo\vu to the time of the Kiigiiieers. arrivcil in Montreal, and after having compb-it'ti )us plans 
preceiling that of 1871, and lorniing them into the proper pn.ceeded up the Ottawa in September to carry them out. The 
I niuniciital divisions, was under the charge of the Hev. original intention was. according to the plan of Mr. t'luwe. an engi- 
ly. .Messrs. S. Drapeaii and W. il. John-on -all men of neir engaged m locating llie route, to have the canal enter the t Mtawa 
'X[terience in census statistics; and the iniiueiistty of the al or very near the nnuith itf the Kiileaii Lispeclion satisli.-d < idonel 

imagined from the fact that they were ddigeiilly occuj.ied My, howe\er. that the best place was at the " Dee[> Cut." .^unie mile or 

more above that j.oiiit. The imjiortance atached to llu- project may 
be ctiucived fmm the fact that the Karl of Dalhousie, then Oovenior- 
Ocner.d <pf liiitisli North America, was per.sonally pre-.'nt to seethe 
work inaugur.itetl. 

rp to this time the present .site of Ouawa was .ilmost :in entire 
wiiderness. C.ileh T. liellows resided at "liellows' Point." where he 
had a tlock. and kept a little store since prevituis to I8i>it, and one 



I exceeding seven years m tlie work, or frttin I8iij to l'^7-. 
isive of both. 

t oilicial eensu- statistics of I'pper ' 'aiiada 'late back only 
which time t'ailetoii (we speak of t!ie ttnitonj -nut the 

ahiMdy coiiLitiU'd J. I Ul inhabitants; in 18'J.">, it ctintaiiied 

S-Jb, i;,8lJ ; 111 IS-J7. ■i.;t-7 ; m l>:i8. o.'in ; in Ivju. .■.,7,Sb ; 
tlii; 111 t8:il. 7,ji>7 ; in 18;J2. 7,*H I ; in i'-S^i, 8,;t(2 ; in 

: in bSiij, 8,877 ; in l'^:ib. 1)171 ; in l.So7, lo.Uil ; in IS;J8. 
,8;J:b IOJ.i2;in 1^10. lu,l-J8;iu 1>U, lJ.;i;{7 ; and ia 
ear ot its org uii/.alioii as an indepemicn'. District under the 
ilhousie, the population had incieased to Iti, llKJ. 
il increase for tbi- [M'riod of 18 years was 11, "77, or 7b5.:lt'. 
riie greatest a^giv^'.Ue increase for any --ingU' year wa-i the 
term, and amoiuitcil to ;t,8,"ttj, or ;U.27 per cent., which was 
^eU pr.»]iortioniite increase. There were twoyear.s in which trade to the eMrenie contiues of eivilizatiot 



lsa;ic Kirth kept a tavern near the Slides' liriilge. Xichohts Sparks 
liveil lu'ar t!*e present Wellington Ward Market. With itie exception 
of some half-dozen hou.scfi the entire area of the [ireseiit city 
limits was in its primeval state on the arrival of ( "olonei Uv. Witli 
his advent an inllux of settlers oanie -sa[ii>ers, miners, ami engineers, 
of the Kegular -Vrmy, laborers to work on the canal, and the usual 
luiinberof tradesmen, merchants, Ac, always intent upon pushing their 



k place, viz. : 18;i7 d8, of .■>4;i ; ami in lS:{;»-4ii. ..f h»4 
were itf c »urs.! e\c 'ptiou il. the norm il c uiililion being one 
uiuterrapte I progress, btttli up to aiel succeeding the time 
icipil or^Miii/.itioii of the District. 

in all p.nt time, one of the chief points of interest to be 
-111 i III f.u-r luie of p iram luut im[)tM*tame —is the number 
le 1 III 'U whiiih a e niiitry ir e iiniiiunity possesses capable 
arun. SutistuM cMUpiled from the latent luilitiii returns, 
J ou tin' ah.ive pouit, will he found eUewhoro. We might 
L irk in this •'oiineetiou that this Oouuty, in case of war. 
ibut^' about 12,0 i.t men towaivU the service of the country 
ip.ible of l.^'inng arim. an 1 not covered by any of t in- 
•xein[itioiis spei'itie I iii the Mibtia .Vet. IJesides these there 
bin Volunteers id the ditrei'etit hraiicheM of the service. 
'tiiMi of biith .Vclive and Uetorve .Militia to entire popnla- 
lere'fiire be seen to be aliiiosl exactly 1 in e\er\ o, whicl; 



l!y tile succeetlitig year (18J7) there was .jiiite a .settlement in 
'• |j »wer To.vn." almost entirely on Uideau and Sussex Streets. 
wliile .[uite a number iiad also lieeii er.cteti on Welliniriou .Street, ami 
some half-do/.en on "the Klat.s." The I lovernnient had ereetcii bar- 
racks btr the liegulars on the site of die present I'arliameiit Hinld- 
ing-i -whence the locality was known as "Hirrack Uill;" and tlie 
chief buiblings on Uideau Street were the Civilian llarracks. also 
erected by the 1 mperial (:i>veriiiuent. for die aecoinmodation .,f can;il 
i.ibiu-ers. The above, with v.. double row of btb.u-ers' huts, extending 
iiiu'thward from the present Maria Street Itridge towards the .S.-ipptu-^' 
Ihi.lge. constituted in I8J7 the \ illa^eof llyt.iwn, already thus named 
in Intnor of it.< fi>under an lnuior which at that tiun- sl-emeil rattier 
ad-uibtfnl one. The last-nanied "suburb" of the burjli was ealleij 
" Corkslown," a name which the locality h.u-e b.r nianv vrars. Irs 
site was even flieii a beaver meadow ; nearly the whole of tlie present 
"Lower Town" was an impenetrable swamp; the "Flats" 



, , , 1 ,,.*,, . , swamp ; the '• Flats" and .. 

le liberal exemptKUis aii;hori/,ed bv the .Militia Act is an great p.iri ot •' I pper Town " w.ue very much the same : an.l Par 

large proportion ot |.o-isible eombalanls to pt.sitive non- liament Hill, i-xcept when- eh-aret| lor" the b.irracks, was .i den.selv 

t, being considerably abtive the general average. woo.hid hemlock ritige. ' 

./i-ii7. a./ /».Hy.r of the population remaining at home w..ul.l. Lab.uvrs, ineclnuiics. trailesmeii. imu-chaiils. and all classes of 

he of the next -reatcst importance ttOlie actual number of settlers tlocked rapi.ilv .n. and a writer estimates the bnsinesi portion 

lie of beiiiu' levu'tl. 'Hie .synopsis of census .\gnculiural of the plac- t.. have contained bv the spriii" of I.SL'S u.. h-ss than 

sewlnue given, taken in connection with the sph'iidid s>sl. ■Ill ]:, ;r^.m.,-;,| storey It jewellerv <tiu-es, 8 shoemaker shoits ;j b] u'k 

umunicvtiou. altor.lmg every desired facility lor transport. smith shops. 1 bakeries. I butcher shop, 'J tail.. r shops' l' chandler 

'arh'bm is fortuuati-ly possessed, give tins t\uiiity a com- shop. ! tinsmith NJiop, 1 harness shop. As a matter of Instorv U 

o^iiioii, and leading inlluiuicc ill all matters based upon the might be interesting to give tlie tuinies of the business men of' the 

id eharactertiftliephysiealainimilitaiy rosourc es of tliecoim lulure Capital in the tuiihvro days of its existeiice. 



COUNTY OF CARLETON. 



riuao whf) ko|>t goiienil ature* wura Hi)\vunl it Thompson, Mclii- i 
tosli_i(; Stuwart, .1. U. liuriianl Jii L'ci., IJoorso & Kobort Lanti, "4iil. 
.Ui;lveiuii'," ,l,ilin JotiiHtuii, .l.iiuua IuijIh, .Saumol Fnist'i', Cliiirlea 
iTiel (fatliornf thu l.ito lluiii-j J. Friul , .l„liii Aiiilcrsoii, .luliii .lovtr, 
W,u, Kipii, .UattliLsv t'.Minu.ll. a Mhs Kilz;.iljli.,ii, ami U>mn Mauvillu. 
lIlH littler giMitluiiian owiiuil a mw of abnill a iluzeu tuileuieiit li.msf.t 
'Ml lUilom Sti-L'ut, niiui- Ualli.Mi.iic, wliusu Ir.i.lu ho is aaiil to liavo 
lujii.HiuliziMl. Til- juwellury bii.siiiuss was ivpreseiituil by Arthu. 
H.iii|ier, WiMiaiii Nm-thLjravi's, ami Mam-ic- Diipiiis ; ami thu cnb- 
blni,' was attL'ii,lf,| t.i by Wm, Miiri,l,y, .l„h„ McCarthy, Ji.liii Millur, 
K ibi..i-t Mii<i,'r,,vi', llciiry SliouUlicf, Wats.iu Litllu, uikI Aiulrow 
-Uaui ; N. .S. Ulaisili-U, Lyman IVrkins. an. I Wni. Toniu'y were 
(lie l.illowiira nf Viilcm ; while thu carpuntur w.n-li was iluly pur 
tui-nif,! by Jamu-. .Mitthuws, .lanius Kitzsjiblmn (iiiastur earpontui- ..f lliu 
li.ivurnniuut work-), .l.ihii Unifijan, Jamus Tull^'h, ami Uaao Clomjli. 
UroMl was ailppbu.l l,, the lu^n^M•y bvlb'ori-u I'attui-son. .lamus l,aMi;, 
tlu'.r^u .Shoiil. lieu, ami Til. Muas llaniy : aii'i Aii.b-uw Hiukuv wiul.h-.l 
thu stuul an,l c:in-,'i-. ili.Mioh hist.prians ,1.> n..t rulatu whutli'ur hu ha.l 
■' Hiitcliur t.i Uis Kxoulluiiey thu li.ivurnuriiunural " appuiuluil to his 

titlut. Itoli.Tt Wanlu-s kupt a liarau<s shop ; Thomas K. \V Iburv 

niilu tiiiwai-u, aii.l thu lato-'t I'aiiailian fashions hi olothnii; uonl.l b'u 
foan 1 at thu sii-.ps of llunry .ShouMiuo an.l llaniul Kis'hur. Thu 
I inur also ,11,1 a littlu in thu auction Imsinuss. an4 .lanius .lohnston 
likuwisu f.jll.u.vuil that tr.iilo. ,r,.liii Mudravus kupt thu only ulian.l- 
lur's ustiblishimiiit. Thu I'.ist ( lllk-u was kupt in thu atoiu o'wiumI liy 
Mitthuw (' iiiiiull. wli.j was thu first post inastur of thu]ilauu. 

Tiiu luarnuil pi'.ifussi,.ns wur,' ably, if ii.it niiniur.Mialy ruprus.'iitu.l, 
whil.- 111.-, spiritual wulfaru .>f the inhabitants was by ii.. iiiuans llu- 
'^'luL'tu.l — thuru buiii',' fo;ir rui,'ularly auih..i'i7u.l .lisciplus ..f thu various 
I'hristiaii Clinivlius huru stati.niu.f. viz. : Mr. .\iii-liu, i 'hnivh ..f Km,-- 
laiul ; Father Hur.m, It.uiiau IJath.ili.' ; .Mr, ('riiiuksli;inks. I'ri'sbv 
tunan ; anil MiMsr-. I'ooluan.l Can-.. 11. .Muth... lists. Th.. niu.lle'al 
pr.fusiion was repre-'entu.l by Dr. Tnthill. ..f thu I'oyal Kn^niuurs ; 
IJr. (' iristiu. alterw.ir.ls u.litor ..f thu /.'./(.or,. i;,r.^lli: : Dr. .lames 
Stewart, Dr. llinkin, aii.l Dr. .Siall'or.l. .l.miu-. .Mal..nuv. .\liehaul 
OUeilly au.l I'.iul .1. Hill wiuMu 1 thu furul.. The for'inur-naniu.l 
iientlunian was thu tirst tuaohur in Hytown. ami h i.l thu ruputatioii ..f 
li 111 Hill,' to purfuetioii thu aliovu Ir.i.liii.iiial mipluinunt .if t.irturu - 
the.lri'il ..f the '■y.'uiii' Lloa." Thu iiih ibitants thus far, h..wever, 
sjjmdI to hive been a'.lo to settle their ..wii .piarruls thuiiisulvus, as 
W(S hii'l but i.nu lawyur, a .Mr. .bvliii Wilson, aii.l he ..iily ha.l a ti'iii- 
\> iriry olh e liur.?. his riisi.luuee b.'im^ in l*urtli. 

I'llis latter fact .h.es li.it spe;ik so stroiiijly for thu people •• living 
t ^elher ill aiiity" as at lirst sii;lit appears howuvur. Th.uie were the 

i^oj I oKl .lays of free whiskuy. (i 1 Templars. .S.ms of Tempuraneu. 

Kvin,'eliei'. VUianees. V. M. ('. .\s',. .Vre., w,.re soinuthin;,' yut to be 
thoii.'ht of, ainl Kiiil; Aluolml was a powur in tliu laml : wiiilu tiiu aiii- 
atuur 1> iniiybrooks nia^lu Hyt.iwn for niriiiy a yu. ir justly notorious as 
the 111 isf [ir.iiuisin'4 riv.il in His .M ijesty's \..rtli .\inuneali Domiiii.iiis, 
of tint cdlulirite.l Irisli town. P.ite.'ii aiel .laiiiauM rum, as als.i tin- 
liuur brewoil by Mi.-liael IJ.irku, ..ii Wuilinijt.iii .^struut, wuru .lispunsuil 
with a libur.il liaml to all ami siinlry. by Isaiu Kirlli. .loliu I'lntiy, 
Tliouris t ' ireoian. liiptistu Homiure. .loliii Liltlu. b.-ui- I'mar-I. W tti. 
t'owau. IJ iiialil .Me.Vrtliiir, alul last, bat by no niuaus least. " Mollier 
•Me linty." Thi- latter y lo.l la.ly wa- .piite a ehariicter in her way 
so iiuiell S.I as t.i have be..iiiiu<pilte alaii.i-mark a> it were m the e.irly 
history of Bvtown. In a hist.jrieal sketch publi-he.l soni.* years siiieu 
bv Mr. \V. I', b .11. til,. I'ity I'lurk. uiitltlul ■' I'oelicil Iteii'lllii.s.eiicus 
of hyt own," this female li inifacu .-omus in f.ir liur share : an.l the 
.I.Moriptiou is so i;oo 1 a one. ilejiictiiii; to the life the every .lay e.in- 
.litioii of tho^j eirly ruprusentative- of the *' lliisaell li.iiisu " ami 
•• Willis ir," an. I is si tr.ithfiil a pieluru of the "hotels '" of thos. 
■ lays, til It we repro.luce it. 

Vbiller M.(.;inty sat in state, 
.-\li.l iiieasare.l .iilt tin- lii.illlitaiii .lew 
T'l tli.ise wll.im -troll.; attia-tloll ilrew 
Within til,, ciroh. of her p..w.-r, 
T.) whil*. away a leisure li.iiii. 
.She was the hostess .illil the h.ist ; 
She kept til.' r.ick.itillig. rul.t.l the mast, 
.\iiil swung an anil of piileiit iiuulit 
That few w.iiiM liar.- t.i brav.' in lii(lit ; 
^ ut was -lie a i:.i.i.l-iiatiire.l s.iiil, 
.\8 .'V.-r llUe.l till- llowillj.' h.nvl ; 
111 so.ith she .lt.;tlt 111 4>.i.lly elieur - 
lialf-piiits 'if wiiiskev, ipiarts .if beer, 
.•strong ilisei .if sw.'et p.-ppennint. 
Hue ol'l .lain u.-a witleillt -lint. 
\ul shrub -I ' ir.lial Itu'ii well kiimvii 
Her thirsty eiistomeis n. Hire. I ibiwii ; 
Nor ilreaiiii-.l .if h.-a.laclies. ..i .if ills. 
K.ir uiui^'lit killi'.l tli-ii lint iloet.irs pills ' 
Shu was also uote.l for her mo.ie 'if keupinij " tally,'' as .Mr. befl 
relatus : — 

K.ir cash or cr.-lit li;irtert..l she. 
The priilie illiirelieilt- of a spr.-" ; 
Aii'l hu sto.1.1 ilwtvs all ive pur 
Who ne'er a st.iiie tlir.'W at tie- I'lr ; 
.Villi wh.'N a mall lia.l -p.'n* his all, 
Sh.' ehiilk.'.l th.- Iiil 111 .' "11 the wall. 
Kiiiiirus or holers siie kii"W not. 
Hilt wlut a 'ilstoiiiei ha i L'ot 
lly liii'i'i^'lyplii'S Willi sii ■ 1,11'vi : 
K'lr tiler... expos'' 1 topu'ili' VI. w. 
K.a.'ll il.ibt ir's tally, ureitalel -iiiill, 
.Appeir.'l, iip'Ul til" liar I'loiii "ill 
A short slnik'- In a h»b I'lul -I" 1 1 ; 
\ louder for ii i[iisrt wis itoml : 
While -olili.tliilij; like an uastli's laloli 
I'p'in her l.laekli'iir.I w.is it iribon, 

Aii'l W'... t" liltii who s I or I ite 

His tilly 'li'l ii'il li'pii'l.il" ; 
K'lr when le-r u'lolly .■ enpatiy 
W"re all asseiillil'-'l l"r a pie'-, 
She reail 'ilfeaeli 'lelin'|il"lil's S'lire, 
An.l .it 111-" llie.llllies- lilll.ll> swore, 
.\ll.| tlireateiie.l wheii he text ..pp'-aro'l, 
(L'liless til., entry all w.is el.'are.li 
To lay oil biture .Iriiiks a -tri'tuie. 
.\n'l pliot.i>(raph perliaiis his pi .tilre 
In pewter, lor the uiipiii'l tally, 
AsKivell, 1 1 think I in I', n Mali,). 



Just li half cuiitiiiy has pusauil siiieu tliuii, and n cum| 
two splemliii Hotels above inuntioneil, as we limi them i 
" Molli'-r .Mciiinly's, " as Mr. Lett .lesenbus it in l«:;> 
sample of the vast iinprovumuiit in ev.'ry part, an.l in .all 
brallehes, ol a then back woo.ls t.oMl, colitainino a few 
habit.ants, the majority of whom wuru of the r"Uoliesl an. 
cript i. in, an.l by n. means till' most de-irablu class ol cil 
i- now a wealthy luetropolis. ami Ihu political capital of a 
whose citizens are am. mo the iii.ist uiil.-rpnsino ami int. 
a.lmilte.ily pr.iorus-ive r.iee, in :i pre-emiiielitly prooressiv 
-troelurus ami puliliu works, ami pnlili.' an.l privalu . 
uvury ilescripti..ii, ri\al in beauty, iiiaj,qiiliuuiicu timl i;r 
of thu mosi powurfiil nations of the earth ; while lliuy i 
huii'lru.ls of eitie-, far .i.lvalice.l ill riches, [low.'r. an.l leal 
art- .ami -i-ieiices. before Ottawa was uvei thouoht of. 

We have fiivell abovi' a statemelll of what the llytowll 
aoo w.is ill a liusiucss liollit of vieu. In a.l.liti.in to tllo 
as builio colineete.l with the i'"iiiiiiereial ami profussioiml 
commnnity, the followiiii; uure aiii*ini{ lliu i-liiuf citizens o! 
Nicholas Sparks, ('apt. Le Iheton, Daniel n'l'.'iinor, K. 
Charles Sparr.iw. William tiiaiiani, William .May, ,loliii 
.lohli KiirroHs, .l.ilin t'lUller, .l.ihii Cowan, William CI 
Burns, rierre Desloj^es, .VIe.v. Ktliier, ainl I), .Mcilaw. 

Very iiiaiiy of thu iibovu-namu.l pioiieei-s wuru men i 
is the lii-l..ry ..f thu early .l.iys ..f the I apital. .Many ..f 
a mole exteii.b'tl ii'.tiee than our lime or space permits, 
the abo\,. mimes, however, liavi become such lioiisehol. 
every citiaen. as to make a sketch of the city - however 
exti'.inuly ilieoinplutu without brief rufuri.ncu to tlniu. 

Nicholas .Sparks, the " foiiii'ler of Ott.'iwa,' was .a n 

l.iril Ci.iinty, Irelaml. u hence In- emiorateil t.i C.iua.la 

after w..rkilis,' his way up to (he pre-ent (.'ity of Hull. 

farm sirvaiit with the late I'hilunion Wright, of that pi 

save.l sutli.'iunt ni.im'y in ten ye.irs t.i start .nit for In 

.'has.'.l from a .Mr. ISiirroilolls who liel.l as the patentee 

iiii'ler tile name .'f Honey) L"! C. ('oiieessi..n C, l!i.le;iu 

T.iwnship .if N.-pu.'in. Thu .luu.l b.-ars .late .luiiu :;t»tli, 

e'ln-i.ler.iti.in meiitione.l was L''.'.'i stg. He went t.i w, 

clear thu laii.l for the purpose of farmino. ami built a h 

thu site .if thu Wellin^jion War.l .Market. Davin's ' 

.\iiieriea" 1,'ives this shanty th.. erclit of beiii',' the seco 

uructuil on thu south shore of thu Ottawa, onu Kalpli 

erect. '.1 the lirst. This. li..wever. is a mistake. Ki'-hiuoi 

as were als.i tlio 'rownsliips ..f .March ami Hiiiitlry. a nil 

pn.vi.ins t'l .Mr. Sjiarks' inirehase ; ami Hellows (who 

probably the very tirst in the lU'eseiit limits of Ottawa 

llellows" Lin'lin.o. s i-ealle.l. for a itnniber of years the 

Is.ia.- Kirth. wh.i kept tavern m'ar the Sh.les. a little hi 

before (heir time a number of familie- hail suttlu.l in < 

Nui'Ujin. as seen in the earl>- hist. n-y of thu ('..iiiily. 

seluctl.in tif thu Hi. lean as the route of the military can 

rival of C.'i. V'y the autumn followino .Mr. lijiarks' pnicli 

him of (he future greatness. if atonnwliich must arisi 

vieinit> of his laii.l. Th.- Iii-I.iry of tlo- place has justil 

e\|.ectilti.ilis. ami ll|."ll the laml pureliase.l .".li years 

js."i(HI. (he iiio-t iiopiilous anij weallh) piirtioli of th, 

situate. I. Am.ni.o il,,. public billl'lings since ure.te.l 

C.iuri ll'iise. the .lail. the City Hall, thu Tost oiiii 

llousu, the Lailies'C.'llc-u. the College of the C.-iierei; 

D.iinu. thu Opera ll.nis.-. the Oratii,'e Hall, the l''r..te 

Home. l!lirist i 'liureh. St. .Aiiilrew's 1 ■liuicli. Ihiiik Stri 

U'lminion Methoilist Church, the C.iiiorei,'atiomil Chun 

Apostolic Church, th.' I'.apti-t raheni.u'ie, all the |irili 

cblilim^ the lliiss.-U. Win. Is. '1. ami I'liion. the n.ws| 

graph '.Hi. -us, cv.-ry bank in the Cit^. ami a \ri\ l;ir^'e 

finest business blocks to be .sueii in any city of e.pial s 

tiiieiit of .\nierica. .Mr. Sparks iiiiulu several liber.- 

lionati'ins of laml to (la- Ci(y ami Coniity for their \ 

ainl (o the Clilirch of which lie \\.-is a membur. lie wa 

.M.lerinali l.n-a niinibel- of years, .i Cnsel-vative ill I 

call 111 religion, iiii.i a kin.l-hearteil uml honest man 

the woni, accoriliiig to the tustimoiiy of those who km u 

.liu.l 111 l-Sb:. lis years ..i aue. 

Ralph Snii(li.ali..\. •mundonu.l. was also an Irisli man 
hitlier in Isl'.i. He w, is the lirst settler III or near Ott.-ii. 
eeptioiis above-mentioiieil ; was a man of much itie.-uis 
ami the lirst manufaetiirer of ai-ileiit spirits in the t lit 
iii'lue.l 111 Central l.'aiia.la. .Mr. Smith lueil to be ove 
U.iniel O'c'iinnor was a mill of more than oi-ilin 
liitive of W.iteifor'l. Iri-laii'l, an extensive traieile 
tirst pioneers — having been imlu.-eil by Col. lly (wh, 
of thu right stamp for a new e"iiii(r,\ to settle in li 
His biisiiiess ci]iacity i-ii!ibh"l liiiii to r.lplilly .e .-iiiuii 
ttlllle Ins iliti-lleedlal a((allimellls w.-re recogliizeil li\ I 
to the Commission . if th.- I'l-ace -beiiiit the lirst .Ins 
which WIS then in a st.-it.- r.'.)iiii-ittg .me i.xer.'e 
fillietiolis to possu-is both soiiiitl piil^nieiit ailil il.-ter 
O'Conn.ir [iroxuil a.lmirably a.laptu.l t.. the .liities r 
aml t.i Ills .xe.- itile abilitle- ainl plili. lal f.-iirm-ss w,i 
nieasuri' that o|.| Hytowii Mas .it leasl no worse a pl.-e 
p.iinlc'l by the (iivernm.-iit. the liist Tn-asiirer of tin 
trict. He coliteste'l III.- District "li 'Hie .iccasion f.'l 
represelltad'ili. bill was beaten b,\ Hon. Thus. .McKay I 
three vote-. His 'la.iglit'-i-, afterwanis wife of tin- lai.- 
thu tirst i-hil'l b.irii in > 'hi Hytown. Mr, irc..iiii.,i- .In 
(IJ yeirs. 

t'aptaiii I.e lir.-t'.u was a retire. 1 naval ..tli.-.-r. a i..,-' 
illlluelice an.l lii'_'li -o.-i.-il position, 11.- was ..iieof tl 
tloisi im "The KInIs," aii'i always took great iiiter.--t 
matters. It w.is he win. presentu.l the ''..iiiily with t 
•• .Moilel School." ri-ferreil to in the sk.-t.li ..V e'lm-aii 
the Coiinly. 

Kobert Sliirrell' was al that time om. of tin- l.-.eii 
Ini'l charge .if Hie <'rowii 'I'iiiiber Ollice, ami -nlmeipn i 
of the lirst neiiH laper priiitml in Itylown, though In- 
to publish It. 

Willi. nil Oi.ihaln v\as a man wIionu name is alu 
M'li-il i-ieii (o the pri.seiit L'eneratioii, who kmiw not 

of the time vv herein he llolirishe.l. 



il 



F CARLETON.— Continued. 



XIX. 



i> haa puaauil since tliun, :ind i\ coiiijmrisoii of the 
iilmvu niuntioin'tl, as we timl them iti l«7^', with 
,'■ as Mr. Lett ciosenhi-s it in IHiis, i^ but ii tair 
mproveiiieiit in evt'iy part, ami in all r.niL-uivahle 
1 hack-wtiiMls li'uri, uuntainiii;^ a fi w inimli'e«l in- 
ily I'f whom ueiv ul' thu inu^lu-Ht ami [looru?! dvt- 
iiL-atis Ihr most ilesiriihji; cUihh ot citi/t-n^- which 
in. [11. lis. au'l tlie pnliiieal capital nf a ^Toat natiiin ; 
iiimiil; the luosi t>nti-rpnsing anii intcili^'t'iit nt' an 
ivf lac', in a pii'-fiiiincutly pruiirc^su (^ aue ; whusc 
lie wurks. ainl pul>lii-an<l [invalc t-nu-fpriH'.s <.f 
ival in liuauty, niaj,'niticona' :uni urandenr thi'm- 

I ualiiinrt nf tin- i-arth ; while they excrl thi'^c uT , 
ar atlvancuil in riches, pnwiT, ainI Icaniiiiii, and tin- 
■f'pii- Ottawa was over lh<«iiL.'ht >>i. 

Ittivi' a statenn'nl >t\ what tlii' Itytown nf IJfty years 
iH point nf vieu. In a<l<litinn to thnsi- lut'iitmne*! 
vith the cniinneivial an<l prufeswittnal portion of the 
iiwinLf were anionic the chief i-itizens of the place: 
ipt. Le liivtoti, Daniel I t('--iin.ir. Uol.t'vt Shirretl'. 
'illiani tJraham, William May. .lolm MrNiuit,'litoii. 
in Ciiiner, John Cowaii, \V)l|i;uii I "Ii't;^'. 'I'lioitias 
•i^es, AIe\. Kthier, and 1). Mctiaw. 
lie above-nanied [lioneera were men w lios^- history 
' i-arly days nf the I'apital. Many of them deserve 
I'iee than our time oi space permits. Some few of 
owever, havt hecome such household wurds with 

make a sketch of the eity - however enndeiiseil 
•te without hrief reference tn them. 
*. the "fuunderof Ottawa," was a nativi- ..f Wex- 
lid. whence he emii,'iated to t'auatja in IMIU, ami 
way up \" the pre-eiil City of Ifull, enyaijed as a 
the late IMiileiiioii Wri.^ht.'of that place. " 1 laving; 
ney in ten year:* tn start out for hinistdf, iie pur- 
llurroiii^lis who held as the (lateiitee of the I'rowii 
IImih'V) li'ii *". t'oncessioii (', Itidean Kr'.nt, of the 
III. ihe .leed hears date June liKth, ISL'*;. and the 
lioiied was £'.»."» st;^'. lie went to work at once to 
he pur[iose of farmin;^, and Kuill a In^j; shanty near 
t'ellin^'ion Ward Market. Davin's " Irishman in 
IS chanty the creilit of Ijeiiii; the second hahitation 
nil slinro nf the Ottawa, one Ualph Smith haviin; 
riii:*, however, is a mistake. Ki'-hnmnd was settled, 
►wnships of March aii'l Uuntlvy, a nuiiiliei "f years 
♦ parks' purchase ; and liellows (whose Imuse was 
tir.st in the jtrusent limits nf Ottawa) had lived at 
s i-called. for a number of years then, as h.id also 
ejtt tavern near the Slides, a little hiLther up ; and 

number of familu"' ha<l settled in Oloueestev and 

II the early hi>tory nf the t'nunly. However, the 
ideau as the route nf ihi- military canal, and the ar- 
:■ autumn Inllowinj,' Mr. oparks' purchase, convinced 

greatness nf a town which must arise <>n and tn the 
i. 111.- history of tlie place has justitied his hii,diest 
upon the lanti puivhiised oil years ay:o for less than 
pulnus and wealth} portion of tlie Capital is now 
the public buildiiij,'3 since erected upon it are llie 
Jad. the City Had, the I'ost Oliice ami t'ustom 
■t'ollei,'e. the ColleLje of the ^'.-ll^'rel.'atloll de .Notre 
lions.-, the t>ran,:,'e Hall, the I'mteslant < irphiins* 
rch. St. .\ndrew's i'luireh. Itaiik Street (/huivh, the 
St * hureh. the <'ont;reuatioi!al Church, t he < atliolic 
the r.apti'-T Tabern-iele. all the princi[ial hotels, in- 
■II. WnuUoi. and rnii-n. (he n.wspaper and tele- 
y bank in the ''it^, and a very larj.'e number of the 
cks to be seen in any city of et|ual size on the con- 
i. -Mr. Sparkf* nuule sevend liberal and valuable 
to the City ami Cniinty fnr their jniblic buililiiii,'s. 
of which 111- was a member, lie was a J.I'., a Cuy 
iniber nf years, a Cniiservative in politics, an An^,dl- 
d a kind-hearteij and honest man in every stiiiiiti of 
to the lesiinionyof tlmse who knew liini best, lie 
ears oi a,:;e. 

bovi -Mieiitioned. was alsn an irishman wlioeuiiL,'rated 
le was the tirst settler in lU- near Ottawa, with the e\- 
■ntiom-d ; was a man ••( mucii hieaiis and inliuenee, 
ufacturernl ardent spirit.s in the Ottawa \'alley. or 
Canada. Mr. Smith lueii to be over fnur-score. 
lor was a ni in nf more than ordinary ea]'aeit> , a 
ird. In-land, an extensive traxellcr, and oiie of ihi- 
vniL,' been induced by C,il. lly (who saw in liiiu a man 
ip for a new eountrx lo si-ttle in Hyfnwn in IS'J". 
icil\ enabled him tn r.ipidly a< luiiiulali' a fortnIn^ 
ual attainments were remi^nize.l b\ his appointment 
n of the IVace -b.dnu (he lirsl Ju.slu-e in hytnwn, 
in a state ri-'iuirinii niie exiu'i isin^j inaL,'isli!riai 
'■-H both .s'uind pidifiiH-nt and ch-terininatioii. Mr. 
admirably adapted lo the duticM retpiired of hnn, 
ve abilitie- ami jutli. lal fairni'ss was dm- in great 
r.Uown was at least iio worse a place. Ili-wasap- 
ivt-rnment. the tiist 'I'teasnier of the l>alhousie l)i-*- 
led ihf District on inii! occasion for |iarliamentary 
It was beati-n by lion. Thos, McKay b\ a tuajiUMty of 
lauu'titif, afterwards wife "f the late H. J. Kriel, was 
n in "Itt hytnwn. .Mr. O'Connor du'il in lH."i''. uKed 

retipii waH a rtttired naval <*tli<'i>r. a nmn of metmH nml 
h social position, ||t< wnn one nf the ver\ lirst net- 
hits, " and always took ufi'at interest in edu<-aLional 
he who presented the County with the nite nf the ittd 
referred tn in the sketch <»f educational matters in 

H' waHal that tinie nne of the leadint; citizens, and 

Crown Tniiber Olliee. and -iibHei|Uently had cmtrol 

aper printed in Hyt..wii. ihotiuli lie was not tin- tirst 

uii was a man wltnN(> name Ih alnios* a houHehnld 
i> pii-seiit L'eni'iation. wlm ktitiw imthinif, personall>. 
.dn he Itourished. 



Cliiirles Sparruw was a man of abdity, a leading citizen nf the coin- 
niunity ami HubseiiucntJy .Mayor nf the town. 

i>r. Christie was pusaeshed of far more than ordinary ability, not 
only 111 Ins own profession, but ni a literary capacity, lie organized 
and ably edited for a iniiuber of yeur.-i, the t, alette, the »eeond news- 
paper published in Byinwn, and the lirst Cuiiservative paper in the 
tittawa \alley. 

Many of the others are deservini; of more len|,'tliy notice than it is 
praeticai'le to oive them. Father Heron, Dr. liankin, Arthur Hopper. 
Mr. Kriel, Mess*. lUai-dell. iVrkins, Mos^'rove, Maloney. \e.,Ae., 
were all noted men in the particular -spheres in wliicli tin ir lines were 
cast, and tn some of them it may ^>c necessar\ tv refer te^aiii. 

('nminj,' down a few years later, we tind the names of Amleisnii, 
Armst.'ung, .Vrnohl, .\rnut. Itain, Itrowii, I'.ishopriek. Hisliop, Hear 
man.'l'<aHkervdle. lUacklnirn, Itiirke. Hr.idley, leaker, Uaird, lio\ h . 
Uainbrick. Itell, Uini,diam. Hrennaii, IJortliwick, lii-'iok'. luliings. 
tialdwin. liates, Clcj,'i;, Corriyaii, Cnoiiibs, Couna, Caldev. C..rl>et(, 
('ain. Cairns, t-'aison, ClulV. *'lark, Clarke, Conk, i'<i\, Carii it n. Caf- 
frey, ?>ufore. Dull", D'AreeV, i>avis. Dune. Kylest.n, Kni,dish, C- i.dle. 
Kitzsinions, l*"itzsimmon.>i, Kraser, i-'nwier. l''airbaiiii, I'oster, I'tii-riei 
(irillin. Orieve<. Oarretl, tJoo.le. Ooodwin, (Jreeii, C.ilpm, » iibb, 
Henry, Hunter, Hare. Hopkins, Hannuin, Hall. Hill, Heney. Healey. 
Haliiiay, Johnston, Johnson, .lamie.son, Kneeshaw, Kennedy, Kilt. 
Kin^i, Kerr, Kirk, Knapp. l.each, l-i-wis, Laporte. linmltkin, I-n\er 
in^'. Lamb. Loiick-. Mallndi. Mnlron.-v. .Mnrtiiner, Mnriis, Munme. 
Murr?\\. .M.-:.a-nve. .Met liliiviin , .McCu'lloui^h, MeOillon. .McOee. Me- 
DoUL-a'll. .\IcClo\. McAinmoiid, M.-Coiniick, M.d.atchie, McCu-uk. 
McLean. MeDnnaM. Mcintosh. M.Oraw. Niies, .Nel>on, N*.rtoii, Ne-- 
bitt. Nichol.snn. Orr. t>L'il\ie. (►"llauan. O'.Mcara, o'lirien. I'mdorick. 
l'oll..ck. I'nrter, Uamsiy. Kaihw.ll. lieid. liiiliii!.'. Kn.s-^. Kocliesler, 
Koberts. Uobert-oi.. Uobin^on. Kutli, Stroin,'. Sivewrtuht. Snutli. ^'iat 
terry, Scott, Stanleton. Silro\. Stewart, Sk>-ad, Stanley, Storey, 
Star.iier, Sullivan. Saddbr, Tavlor. Tempii-lon. 'i'l oni]>son. Whaleii. 
Wood. WaUL,di. Welsli, Wilson, and Workman. 

Many of th<' above subsefpiently att.niied to distini;uislieil pro- 
minence 111 commerce, literature, law. niedieine, and politics. Among 
these, tin; names nf the r.eaiinati--, who have held various niiinn i[>al 
poRitions of tiust and [irotit : the Itaski'rvillcs. leadiiiy merchant-^. 
Hobert Hell, to whose untirini,' eiierL;y and cmiiiandini; inllnence the 
peuple ol this City are in a very ^nvai me.isuie indebted for (lie oiyan 
izalion and coinpietion of their lirst Kailway ; O. I*. Itakor. who was 
the tirst Clerk nf the .Municipal Conin-il of the old Dalhou.sie District, 
and IS now I'n-tmasler of tittaua ; iVter A. l-lu'leson. a brilliant ex- 
ample of a •jcil-niade man, of whom the t 'ounty nf Carleton is ]iroud 
in the possession of many, but of none who h;i\e more deservedly at 
tamed towi'alth and prominence, fntm very small l»ei:ininni,'-. ihrouiiii 
eneri.'y, honesty, and perseverance ; Kdwaid .Me" Idlivrav, Than whom 
no man has wielded more power for good to tin- community, i>i ninie 
assiduously .levoled iiim>elf to the iiilere-lsnf i he pultlic welfare and the 
advancement of every impinvenieiit ; liu^h 0'Ha;,'an, nne nf the most 
accomplished an<l liberal men uf the time ; .lohn Scntt, sui'sequently 
Mayr. and .afterwards Member of i'arlianieni ; J.aines Skead, whose 
historv is ton well known, and wliose repnlatinii is held in too hJLdi 
esteem, to make a leiiL'thy n lereiice iiecess.-iry ; Huj^ti Wilson, whose 
family attained to wealth and uillueii-e, and wlin.se .son /nchariah was 
several years t'ounly Treasurer, and has been Inr a loiio pernul I'ul- 

■ lector nf I'n-^tninsat the port ..t Ottawa; and Alexander Wuvkn. an. 
who settled in Huntley Ioul; before Lytown was tlmu^ht nf. ami i-;- 

; ninveil hence many years afterwards, when ii was .>,till but a \ilhe;e. 
since which his vnice has been heaid an>l his inlluenc"- recnmiizeii m 
1 all matters nf public interest which have ayitated the otnnnunuy. i\*:n 
, to the )iresent day. 

M. Hniichette. an e.xtensjve traveller, ami admitted authority ns a 

■ descriptive critic, visited I'-ytown in iHoL*. the year '"f ihe 'omi-letion 
nf tile itideaii I 'anal. He says of it ; " The nuinuer of houses is ii'-.. 
far short of I5t>, which are con.slructed mostly nf wdod [iei|Uenlly in 

, a style of neatness ami taste retlectini,' great credit upon the itdiabil- 
ants.' Twenty years later, in \K'f^, another writer dc^nlbe.s it as 
'** * *" '■ divided into rpper T.-wnand i^nwer Tow n. which are 
srune distance apart : and it will be many \ears lnl"oio the interv- niiij; 
Hpiiee is built tpver." It contained at that i ime :i Hanks. I Lite and li 
i Kire Insurance ottices, ;i Newspapers. I Tele;,'rapli ntliie, I Oraiiiniar 
School. 7 < niumon Schnols. and between ."lO and tin store- of all knidH, 
, and we are tnid that -'many ..f the IniiMiii'^s lately ere. ted ate nf 
stone." 

More than ten years previous I" thin, however, it was considered 
by the Imperial (jovernment as a tmvn of .sulhcient imjinrtance to lu 
represented inlhe Lei;islatiire ot the I'roviiiee. and we lind it inserted 
in wh.'it w.i called the " Imperial Cnion Uill," alnni; with the then 
tnwiis 'f Kin-.;>'tnn, I'.rnckville, Hamilton, C.-rnuall, Niagara, .md 
, Lniidnn. each i-f which was allnwed representation by a -inj^le mem 

li.'rinthe Carliaineiit "d l he new Ih'oviiu f Canada. The basis ni 

this Hill was a^'reed upon liy tin- I.eL'islatures I'l' Cpper ami Lower 
C.mada, at the s.-ssioiiH ot IS;t;Mi). 1 he Hdl was passed by t he Im- 
perial I'arliameiit 'lurini^ ilu' -jiritr^ nf ISln, reconedtlie IIo\ .il .assent 
oil the 'J;ird July of that year, and came in fnrct' loih I'Vbruaiy, IHII. 
The prjiL'iess of the plaee has been rapul extremely -o — and aside 
, from a tew drawbicks, resuliim^ from very evceptional ciicumst'inces. 
the increase has aUn been a steady and a tn-altiiy "'ue. It is said 
thnu'.di thete are iin ollieial statistics (■> \nuch fnr ii that tin- popula- 
tion had inciea^'d to over ^.thm m ISC. which is doubtful, fnr if i( be 
I so, the falliiiii otf between that time and IMt7, when it was incorporated 
an a Irtwn. was very extraofilimiry. Thai a very emi-iideiablc decrease 
ilid take place, however, is tpiit.- certain. It oriijinated in the yneral 
enminercial ih'plvssinti in the Ininber trade, anil coiiliinn^d till If^l-*, 
when a clianL;e for the better ai,'.nn to.,k pl.ic.-, and tl,.; tide turned the 
' othi'r wav. The tiiNt i-tmsiis " l.\ autli'i n \ •' was taken in IS|^. and 
! shnweil a pnpulatlnii nf d.JT'"', wliich in ISftl had incri-.ised |.i T.T'lO. 

Cp tn this time the public indi\i<lual inipmvenients had S'.'aree 
: kept pace with the increase oi popnlition. Althonoi, rapidly qmwinK 
^ into a populous and prn^j.etnus coinmunitv*, public afhiirs \*et \"\iyv*l 
alnnunithe nid Kip Van Winkle st\le tlie citizens not \et Iiavinii 
awoke tn (he HpHit id ent'-rprise which h;i.s foi the pa.sl twenty yearn 
given thein a plaeL>uninm^ tln^ most public spirited peoptettf the time>, 
ami madf their City the lieautiful one it is. In |k: I. however, they 
I'egati to Ih- idive lo the neee--ity of li.tter laeilities f -r enmmnnical ion 

with tin iseh- world; and in September of th.i I year the "lirst 

soi|"nf the pii-iieer Jtailroa"! the "ItOown mid I'lvsrott," te-w the 
Mt, Ituwreiice ami (Mtawa was lur I. It-* ra|ud con ptolum, and tliu 



'} 



m 



x.\. 



HISrOKICAI, SKi:i( 



!!: 



nuw niiloi' ill* tliiii'^'s iu . "'.;il hy tin? iiiuii-iisi-'l fiu'ilil ii;s inr tvivlv wliirli 
it pvcsi'iituil ti' till.' i-iiizciiH ut" llu.iwii, vu-1'y J*""ii toM >iii tlif Jiln:ci,\ 
L'iit'uur;i_L{ing st,itn.-i .if tin: |'!:ii'i . ;iii<l at niici' [iliurti il in a Ifjulilii: pi'-i 
tiini us 11 ciimiiii rcial ;iiii liiiaiirial ci'iitiv, arnl thus Hliiiiiilai«-il utli. r 
ftiui uvL'ii grcalur iiii|)ruvcii)utitH. Hitlu'Vto uU IviuUj uiul traliic liii<l 
Ih'(!ii carriuil mi liy iulmiiji rtf waifmni inaila, wliicli \v«!v '•!' tlu' wnvi 
tlL'scrip;ioii, *>v liy a Hiuj nf hrukeii iiiivi;,M(itMi d-'un tin- iHiawa 
httMiiUTH liniii,:,' Iicou i!.i(:il)li-Iii'il hutwocu Hytouii ui'l i Iiiiivillf ;i-^ 

IJy \<t\ lliu |pui.iriitiiiu of ihu i»lacv li;i<l iiicrt-asoil to |(l,tlno. iiii.l 
it was iiic<"r|Hir;itu I :i (.Ury \uuh-r \iH\ivvAv\\\ iiaiiii* : uiul fvui that tiiin- 
f.n-warl it-* [.i-oi^'n'Ms Idh Iiuimi iMpid ami iiniiit»'rMiI't<''i. Si<li-w:illis 
woro imilt, sti'iti't-* ■^ru'lfil an t nru- iilaiiiiz'-<l. aii«l st-ui-r.-* \vit<' hii't- 
A HystuiM of uati'i'-wnrkM was !i^'it,jti-'l. Iput ihr uatniv of tin* |'laci 
HiL' city lnMh.,' ItiiiK liti-riHy oti a rot-k - Ifti-iTiNl ll^i- |u-»|»li' fi"iii 
iri'Mirriri.; iIk* oiorimms uvpuimo, till lliu waniiiiix "f *'it' " 1,'ivut lire " 
"f In7o wiis tlu- iiifiuis of iii:itiiriii.j ii hi^Ik'Hic which li;is siiuv rfsulrr<l 
in iiiic oi t!ii; tiiit-st wattT-w.irkH My.Htums III AmrfitM. Inith ih'-.-i' 
r\i'iits will Ik' I'l.sinvhur*' ri-f^'n-crl to. 

It is ail oM n;i\v that wIkmi ro..'nu.s fill <»uf. hoiicHt nn-n iji-t lln-ii* 
own. Withalittli- vaiiatiou. tliis mii^'ht !"• iiiiulu to apply to tluM-v.-nt 
which '^riVi- Ott.i\v;i rlu- p'>liticil HiipP'iiiai-y of thi' Nation. an<i nui'li- 
it a '^ivmI Ci'v. M.iwy iniicli ni'.iv opnh'ni phu-i-s wantcl lhi> ^*t'at of 

(Joviinnii-nt. Ivich woiiM ratlur it w.niM '_'o to ih-- Itiickw Is thin 

that atiy of tin- other aspir.mfs shouM ciplui-uit. liill tlK'.\ couhl n-'t all 
hiivo It ; aU'l ihc olioici' luiini; left to I In- t^)uiH!li ' iiomiiinlly , ^hv or 
iMiliLT. pi-i-li ip>, (ho-.,.. ];n,'lisliin 111 v.lio In I ni'st intlui'tici' with tin* 
llritish I'oloiiiai SfiTotary ol' iliii 'i.i,\ M:mn:tl » tt law.i :ii llu- fiitm-' 
rtciit of (io\(.'rnnii-nr. 

Tho [I'llitifil fii-iitfiit aii"l a^iciliou cni-.f^il I'V thi-* ilccisi.-n was 
mtciisu. au'l altiioii','!! lit.'l..ni,'inL,' jnon- to rlin liistory ff l'Miia<la. a Inn f 
iiotifu tluT«'of is c.illf-l for ill ii skricli of th*^ City iijiitlly allV't'tiMl. In 
c 'nsc^HHMicc of till' r.uiiiont'nr liiiil'lini,'H h:i\uiL{ Ix-mi Imrnt hy a inol. 
at Moiitrcil tlarin^ llio riots followitr^ ihf [ii-sim.' of tlir " IIcIh'IIioh 

Iriili'innitioH Act." il lu-i-aini; ri s.siry to iransti-r \]\v .•ir;i1 of t luM-rn- 

inunt. To appuasi! hoih the Ka«i an-l West, a Mysti-ni of rotution was 
agivfil upon hy tin- L-,'i-liiIinv, lly this ayrctMiiun). Ihi' lioiiorn wei,' 
ilniilLMi lii'tw.'iu Tor-'Mto an<l l.tiu'lurc— the fonii.-r to lie tin- ( "iipilii! for 
the next enr*nin^ two yi ar.*.,. fol lowed liy four years at the hitter < ily. 
*riiis St ito of thnu'H piMVL'fl cxNi'Uiely I'ViieiiHivn ami ineonveiiitnt, 
uixi It wa-t so. in foiMi.i iiue<'HS;U'y to t:ike sleiis to tluci'le upon a pernit.- 
ut'pt t.'apital. Kni'linu it Jiripossilile to a'4rue, ami ivcoLTiiii'.in;^' tin; 
iiu'cossity for an iunneiliati! ch:iiii<e. I'arliaiiieiit reipiesteil the (,Mn-'en. 
at tlie .Session of IS.%7. to ileci<|f the ipiostion of a pennaht-nt -^eut of 
(Joveriinient . ami ••npplenientetl rln' re-pn'st hy aoppipriiitinuMhe sinn 
of .s;H!;i,(li»i> for the in-ction of pulilie IniiMiir,'^ ut such iiiiiee as ller 
M;ijc>t\ ini,;ht lu!ph';iH'il to iJesiLTiiare. 

riiL' hut thi'eu-years' war wjlh the I nile.l Sliitos li;i'| not heeii for- 
yiitten hy the Kn'^lish, 'I'lu.! Uiihian t 'ana!, as we Inive pie\ioii-.Iy 
siiiri, wa-'tlh* result of the lesson leaiiiel hy the Iniiierlal ' Joveriini'Mil 
iluriii^ islu'-loof t!ie necessity ol -*:ile coininniueatii-n fio-u li.h- 
w, iter to (.he^roit l-ikes. Uttiw.i oweil iis exisletice in the lir-^f place 
lo the rcsuJts »if this lussoit ; anil iiow. a fiirthtT result of th" same 
lesson was the utter ionoriii:; hv llu' liritish (h'Vermuent of the 
wishes of the ),i;op|e in reiravil to their ('ajiital, an<l niakim; tin- imli- 
t.iry necessitii"i of the Kinpire ihe '^rouii'I for st-leetittu a huvitii.n 
L'Xtrouiely ili>t:i-itefnl to thevrist nnjorily of tlie whole peoph-. 'Die 
extreme nii[iopii|;uily t«l the choice niny he ju.lL'eil Ironi the fad that 
when i'arlianicnt assenihleij ni Toronto on file l!?^^h Fehrnary. I-.'!--, 
the Ministry, then \<"\ hy Mr. John V. Mtie.lonaM. at lirM ha-l a liiru'c 
majoniy, the Votes rin.;m.,' from 7:* to I'J ..n tli** ^p- .ikerMiip. ii» 'H 
aij.mist -'iJ nn tlic .(Ue>ii.i(i of Itepiesentulion hy I'opnhilion. 

'('lie Ministry >ust„uui-'l the •* (^)ui;eirs choice," ami a motion heiu'/ 
uiiroiiuc- I io th.i eli'eut tlint it "wascaiiM' for ijci-'p reLfivt that Her 
Alaje.ily lin'l hecii .i.|\i>eilto select Utiawa as tlu* t 'apital." wase.tr- 
rieil l»y a maiority "f It, :xn.l they wore utili-itit to resign. Mr. *iei.ri4e 
IJrowu then forniel a tiovernineiu. which la^-leii I'Ut two .|;(\s. aM't 
was succccih'ii hy the CanitT-.Mac^fUiaM t'ahniel. " htch perpelrateil 
the '• tliiuitle.shullli.'." -ineeiiienac"'"- iv7')^r* in otir political history. 

I'iie citx'UiiistJinoes eoiilieetcj'l with tlie ahuve i^viMit Here as follow-. 
The *• In.L'pen.lencu-f I'arliiiuienr Act "" ol IS")7 proviilei) Sec. \'ll. 
llial if any meiiilier of a » 'ahiiiet electe-l to -ervi* in liie Leiiislatiye 
*ssuuilnv or LiL'i^ishillvo Conneil resi'^ne-l his ollice, an-l wHliinoiie 
montii iiltor such rusiixnatiou accepieij another otiice in the t'ahiiiet, 
rjiicli acccfitaiiee sli.tiilo not vaciiti his .seal. To comply with the Ut*- 1' 
"I lais law, ihose meiniiers of the lately fornnM! t'artier-MarloDahl 
A'liiiuiisiiMtion who h;i'l Iteeii in f h-' * 'ilunel previous t<i ihu itefi-ai of 
ttiu I ioverniiteitl on the l.'liaii!^e-<»f-('.ipital vole were appointeil t» 
il(lf''fi lit f hill h",ta from those |ircvionsl\ hi-M hy llii-tn iini iunue- 
ili.ituiy resiiiueil tho*e position^, an<l were liiereupoii appointeil lotho.so 
they previously lille.l, aii'l 'li'l iioi u'o luck to tlu-ir c mstituents i'.»r 
re-cleclion, as rile *p"'''"f tho .\c! proviileil. Hence i)ie d-nn " ilouhlu 
shiltllc," Suits wtMe hron-^lil .i.;ain^i ^ucll as lia<t e\chaiiu'eil their 
olllces, in llie S.||.enor < 'ourts. hut their action wa-t su-liine-l hy the 
■liiih^'cs. Tile !"i tl.f-i of I he stt-p was therefore eslaliiisheil. ih- iiyh its 
unconstittilioiiilit.y has always lietMi a<l>uittei|, aiht the clause uiuler 
which the ".louhlu shullle " was elfceteil was at oii-e repealml. 

Tie' ;i.fi m of the (iovcni-u-' IcmTal. Sir K.lnmii'l lleail. who np- 
helil the cimlucl of the Ministi-rs in tin-. 'Iis-rac<-fiil trinsaelioii, ani 
whose part> ieaiiiULjs w ere I'Veivisi"! to ,ui imh'ceut tie'jree hy his 
rcfiHal to liissolve the House when it wa." foinxl that the |lrown-l>orioii 
''ilnii.t h:il n<»t tlu^ -snp|.ort of the majority, s(am|i'''l hiut as a parti- 
san oi t he Ml 'si ohnoMi.us cliir.ieter. ami reinlereil him heueeforth 
nxtivinely ili l;eit. fill to the i^reiit iiiMJorilv of ('ana'lians ; ami his 
rtiil»-e pii'iii Ht ly was remlerc'l so uiiple isant, that when his term of 
^.•rvicii cxpiie.! in iSiil, he left a coinilry wliii-h ha'l alreaily heeii fatal 
t » tlu» reputatioii of evi-ry t iovi'mor-to'iicral who Inut uiiwiselv iileti- 
titieij himself with eith.rof the po|iiie;(| partie4, 

TliiH t 11" S.'U-iif-' Inv.rnmi'iii ipi.-stinii. ihoui^Ii eau-inij **o inneli 

trouhle uij p'lliiie.tl .miuiosiiy, ha'l iMf I n i|ispose«l of when I'ar- 

haui'Mit met on the liiMli .lauuary, IH.V.I ; ami the dovernor tJeueral 
saw lit to tieclare ill his " Spuech fnuii the Throne " that it wa^ now 
;ih-ol itely neir,usaiy to carrv out the Stiiule, ami the t,lueen".s .leei- 
siiui ill reyai-tl Ihei'elo. |>arin-4 the S.-s.r.u the «|uestion was linilly 
aut ut rc't li> ail ai' piieseence ill the *' "jhienrs elioi.e. ' ami thtiwa 
was henci-l'orih -heyon-l any p >ssihili(y of counterniantl to lieeoiiie 
tins Capital of Oanatla : ami the consummation of thu lii^h hope.s of 
till! fit i/eiH was witnesseil hy hrcakinu' ■,'rouiiil for the I'arhauienl 
Itilihlin.i'H on the "Jl'ml Uoceiulier. IH.V.I, ami rhe ).vire for which 



Toi'iiiin uti'l (^tuehec so heivcly. yel 'insmci- 
safe 111 her haiiils. In eou,ci|m'nce of t]\ 
fe.-.ii\itie^ ol ls;.!t. ill tile ! itv of nttawa, w- 
Willi a /est mil I enthusiasm w hicli the uhjm 
jii-.tilieii ; ami were only ixoeetleil hy tho^n 
of ll.li.ll. the IVilice'of Wales, who lai.i 
t'apilol. in the iialiu) of U.r Majesty llu- l^)u' 
l^'iil, in the prceiiee of iIh- Diike i.f N.uc 
lal, ami a iimst hiilliant suite, \sliich c iin: 
notahilities of thu Provinces ami the Kiii|iii 
Since th.!» time, ami up to iJu- lule .hri 
eaiiieil hy llu- .•oiiimeivial ihpression in lln 
jia-.l few years, tlie pro^rcs-, <if tlh- I'apu il 
actei to surprise evei: tliojie who ari- faiiiili ' 
ol the iHiiHi ili.iiri-*hin:; Western cities. Im 
eonlint'tl to any particular part ..r .hpaitim ; 
h IS heeh an aiiioiiiit ol i-uti-iprise (lisitla^i- i 
/ens, 11. the pro-ecu lion of Imih jtuMicaml pi 
h IS m uh- till- phice Worthy of the lioiitUN 
lalleti to it. .\ttention was al once uiveii i 
Kire heparfini'iil, l'rainai,'<'. an«l Street li.til 
however, wei-i- liniily iiianu'nr.neil prior to 
thit e\etil which u' i\ e Hfiaiva aiioilur ti i 
inetropohian atUaiicenieiit all these mi. I i 
ineiils lune lii-,-n ellecteii, until |o-.|.ay thei 
in America St. f:ir a'lvaticeii in isefiil ainl 
e Incational, reliL^iotis, .tiul charitahh- in^in 
iiii; eviileiices -if a Wealthy aii'l tlmiri-Iiii:! 
Villous the ru'-h of improvenienl- etl'eci 
the t'ily aloue, may he nientione.i live lie 
Uulierin Itriiliic, ai|i| the eiilaiiii'iiient of 
S.lii.ttnii; I'.iuh-y'i* liri*Ue. al the SJiiU-s, 
hri.l^'es. Sl,(HHI ; Ottawa Slreel hri-l^e aci 
Maria Street hriih^e. Si'.miit ; new inm fru> 
liiire. .S|:..<'iiii ; niaiiMlraina^c, ."tijil.'i.ono ; : 
Ueiii-try * Hiice, Sl:i.i»ni ; \Vai,-r W..ik,. .■^1. 
tiite. ,-<)'(n,miii ; I'fiitral SeliiM-l. i-^isi, Sln.tjo 
s 1 7.(11 1(1 ; Primary ScIiomU. .^I.'i.ihH) ; Kn-e 
an .i^Lfieu'ate of 'sl,77"','H"» in loss than 
improvements aloiif ; aii'l if we iliki' into 
I'nMit- Hail. liiiu's. the v.rv l;iru'r iinmhirof II 
Theoio-ival I'olie-es aiel S^-honls, ami re;.: 
, which have arisen iluriiej that tiim-, atri 
* fttawa* to >ay nothing' of the mairniticeni 
mental Ihiihlim^s, aiiil the N-iiional l.ihrai\ 
[•ari-i.in in Ani'-rica we hehohl a ci.imiiiii 
\Mlhin a ■■"inparatively fi-n year-., from llu' 
vjilaiie of tiie roiii,'liest cla.ss, to ;i ieiniiin,' an 
•,'real City, possossiii'^ eilucational nu>\ tilei 
fasl makiuu il a centre ..f h-aniin,:, an-l a ' 
ments ;ui'i eonxenieiices uhiih make it imt 
of resilience, hut are la>t aihlinv,' to lis pop 
other aii'l loss i-nterpi'isini^ cities ami towns tJ 
Very many of tilt- ahove puhlic works anii 
most ciMtly. iiupo-^ino. aii'l complete charactei 
aii'l -le.ervi- separate notice, which \\\\\ he :;iv 
While the -ihove .'reat impriveinents wen. 
linil the pojtulatioii has aU.* hoeii steadily on 
I temporary faliimjoU* hetweeii ISI.'i and IH-I* 
I H.ire and soli. I. We ha\ e -ili-e.-idy noticed tlir 
1 at dilh-rent perlo-i^ up tx !H;»t,* ili._. date ii 
I when it was esliuiatod al lnjinii. |ly I.-m 
I I l.(U»:», or ue;iriy doiilile uhai it wa- at thi 
] yeai"s previously. In |.S71 it had au'ain nui 
nuiuher of inhahitaiits It.'iiiLi. accordin-; to ill 
I It has .since kept up !ii:irl\ llie same propoi 
'I'he last tru^tunrihy ivluiu wu ha\o is that oi 
t'ity Kducati-'ual '*e|i iiiinent. wliieli may Iil 
accurate as a ( M)vi^rnment census, and Ihis- j 
I that year IH77 ;U •iti..MiV With the sulutrh 
1 to it. t(iou:;h not in the e.rpoiate limits, sm 
U.'che.-«tef\ille. StewartiHi. .lauie-\ ille, *Vc., 
swelled to oV»-r ;ll).i«»n, and willi the City oi 
he in name, as it is in lealiiy, a part of .[ 
I poputati'iu of the eoiiiiuunilv acknovvleil'.;in-^ 
would not f;dl far short of .Vi.tum s.mls. Kro 
I city of such prop, irl ions, aud p>»sse.ssin',' su« 
j of lifty y.'ars, is an evceptionally i.ipid dex 
citi/.eiisof Ottawa are naturally aiul justly 
timU a response in e\ery patriotic man .-ind 
I Ottawa is the lieantiful Capital. 
.' We ha\e previously '^ixen ilie o|iini.ins oi 

I they found it at dillerent dates. We i(Uo|f 
, descri]>tii>n of .-m einimnt American i'ii'.,'niei 
I series of letters to thet'hicai^o /im ;i"(i.'.r.ie/ 
I lias tiiivelled evfeiisivi'ly, is a coinpi'ient pi 
I eused of partial leanings touard his suhject. 
\fter an interval of se\er.d yem's (rimi a 
st^-uck with the iiiipr '\em-ni everywhere v 
(Mtawa, 111" ci]iit.d of the Dominioii'of Cana<l 
' tlttd what we jiad considered a h-adin^' h:tck' 
I a tine city, wiih ah.iniidiii;^ tt\ idonce of ai 
i s'i|preiMacy -a eity, ;is it were, an otl'-ipriinr ol 
I -^lon ;i :,'reat puhlic work liaviiii; inam^nrati' 

I its early years |i is m.i 

I Ottana isuheautiful City. Standing af tliej 

I and Sappers' Ihi li;es, winch cro^-s the cmal i\ 

I the four principal t,|iorou,'lif ires, .tn-l lo..kini 

' to recall a nmre inipi-*ne^ pi.iuii- than is prci 

I the ri-^ht the ina.;niliccMt Parliament Ituildi 

I Welliimtoii Street running into th(. dtsl nice, m 

I and la-iiiu' the P.uliiuu-nt S.|ii;ire, are locatt 

Htlier pu'ilie stiudure-i. Iiinm-diately I'l.iuj 

I Po-l (HHce, which tonus the ape\ nf tin- m 

.S.iark- Street .{•<■ it aiipr.iachcs tii,. hrnl^. 

^I'lii'iVilly aihipli-d a hlui^h-:.:iey lilUi--titlle ;l 

aspect of the Citv ; if •j;iv<'-' u (piiel, siilnl; 

Mtiuewhat *,hi,iki'ii-ih peiliap-, hut lioin -I au< 

ottawii lud il-- iieijlihiinihoiid I i,il\ -inpa 



>KK AI SKI-TCH OF TIIH 



« iiinl (^tiii'lifi,' sn tlurculy, yi'l •m«iiti:c.'*Hl'uily. stnii/iiU '1. uiifi ii"\^' 
liLT limi<l.'<. Ill (■■iiiwc|iii'Ik:u iif Miiri, lliu I'hii.^liiiMs hi.liiliiy 
OH ol IS.'itl, ill tlm I'lly <•! Olt.iwii, with mIihitvi'iI aii'l uiij"yiil 

'.fit llllil fUtlllHiaslil wllii'tl lllf ;ttH|iii^ioll'lll'SS iif till' «n;i;!l?'i''ll 
I : aiiil HIT ly 1 \c:.i'ili'il liy llnpsr hIiIiIi .ilU'ii'li'il tliu vinit 

II. the I'niHV 111 U.ll.n, will, llliil lllf lol-lllM-HliUlf u' llic 

. ill llif ii.'iiiiu iif 11,1 Miij,,,4ty llii' (Jiii'oii, 1,11 llif l«l Si'|,tLiiilii'i-, 
I lliu |irf..fhi.\, "f iIk: Diiki, iif NCrtua-itlc, tlin (iiPVii'ii"i-lK'iiiJ- 

I ii iii,,Ht hiiltiant Huilu, wliiL'li c',iii|,ri>ii-il vury many ,,f tlio 

llir-t ,,l till-, Pl-oVMItTS allil tin- l'!lll[,ilt'. 

•!■ ill:!' lili.r, ami up I" I 111' lull' ,li'ii,|ilici! iif tlh' IllliiliL,!- tra k', 
liy llii' jiiiiiiiit.'1'cial ili^Mvs.iiiiii ill tin, I'liili'il Slates williiii iliu 
v years, tlit' i>ri»i;rt's\ nl" tliu ('.i]iiial Tity lias la-fii ,if a dial- 
, sMr|i!'ist' I'Vfi; iliKSi- win, .-tr,, familiar witli iliu risi- anil ■^ruwtli 
III,, St lli.iirisliilu W'l'sU'iii rltii's. Iiii|,r,,\i'lm.'lils liavi' li,,t Imm-ii 
it t,,aiiy [•al-liLMllar |,ill <,r •l,i,artliit'llt. Iiiit oil all liali'U tlitl',.: 

II an aiipMliit ,il i,|it,-i |tris,* ,lisi»layc,| liy tliu <'ity ami it- citi- 
I ill- |,r,,-( -ciitioii *•!' 1,1,1 li J till iliu .111,1 private imnruvenu'iits, wl^icli 

ill* til,' ],l;ii'i' w,,i'lli\ i,t' till- liiitiiu's u liii'li liail 1,, nni'Xin'uti'illy 
II it. .vlti'iitimi w.'is at i,iii:i' irivi'ii I,, ( ias ami W'ati-r Works. 
i'l»artliii*lit, I'raiii.ii,','. an, I .'^trii't ll.iilivays. None ,,ttlie almve, 
r, wi'i'i' lirtiily iiiaiiL.'iir,iieil |,ri,,r l,i ( ',,tifi'ili'ratioii ; Imt siiiee 
eiit -wliieli '^ave Uitaiva .■iiii,ilii'r ti'i'-li ini|iiilse ol '.;i'owtli ami 
olit.'in a,lvam-eim-iit all tiles,.- aii,i many m,-re [, ill, lie iiiiiir,, ve- 
il. ne li,'i-ii elieeteil, until i-,-ii.'iy tiii-re is not a etiy -,1" its size 
-rie.i SI, f.-ir a-lvaiiei-ii in isefiil .-iihI iiia^'iiifii-itit iiiittlie t\-oi-ks. 
oiial, reti^'ioiis. .mil ctiariialil,- iMstitntioiis, anil. ill aeciiiu|iiiiiy- 
ilem-es lit a we.-lltliy alnt ll,,il|-i'liil!^' im-tr-»p,,li>. 
,,ti,' till- ril-sll of iiiipt-,,veiiieiil^ elleeli-,! sitK:e I 'oiifeileratiiili l-y 
y iiloiie. may tie iiieiitioiii-,1 ti\e new markets eostin-4 .■<l|ii,nim ; 
n llri,l-e, ali'l the eiilari;i.'iiieiil ,,( ilie iilil .Sapper.i' l!ri,li<e, 

I; I'-ioli-v's ltri.|..;e. .iitlie Sli,|i-s, .■?!'•, I : Ne i K-liiilmri;li 

,, .-il.llilll ;' Ottawa SU-eel liriil-.;e aei-oss tlie liiili-all. .*).iiilll; 
■iti,-el liriil-^'e. --s:.'.'iini ; new iron truss lu-iiliies aei-os^ tiie I'liaii- 
<l.i.i'ilii ; main ilraiiia,'e, «i;.".l."i.oiiii : m-w Cily Hall, .■^im.ntiii ; 
-y lilliee, sl:!.i"iii : W.iler Works. SI, llU.nun': ( '-•llei.'iate lii-ti- 

liii.liiiii : t'eiilral Sel 1. h! isi . Sji i.lli ii 1 : Central Si-hool, West, 

I ; I'riniary Si-1 U. .-si. ■,.111111 ; l-'u-i. St.-iii,,nH, s.-,,iiilii ; maliiti.' 

l.-Liale of Sl,T7ll,iKIM in less than 1 li year-i for City piililie 
euii-nls alone ; aiiil if we tlike into eotisiileratioii the Cminty 
Itiiil-litiu's, the very larire iiiimhernf ll,,spilals. Homes, .V.syliiins, 
,'i,.al C,,|le-.,'i-s alel .S-le-ols, ami |-e.-lll_\ ma-.'iillii-elit ('hnrcll'-s 
lave arisen ilnriiej iliat time, aiel ale mnv ll'inrishini,' in 
i to say iiotliiii_' i-i the iiMifinliceiit I'arli.iini-nt ami Uep.irt- 
r>iiil<liii<,'s, ami the N.-ili-niai l.ilirary, llie tinest l,eyoiiil i-,,in. 
ill Aiiii-rie.i we lieholil .1 eoiiimiiiiity wliieli li;is iittaineil. 

nipar.itively fi-w years, frmii tin- eoinlition of" a liaekwo,„lH 

lA the ri,ll-.^Ilest ela^s. to a leaiiin-.,! ami eniialile position as a 
ill', possessiii-.^ eiiiie.'itional ami literary .-lilvaniaiies wliieli are 
kill'.,' it a centre ,,t leariiin,.;. aii'l a -ystein of puMie iiiiprove- 
iiiil eoii\eiiit-iiees wliieh make it m,t "iily a very ilesirai'le plai-e 
leln-e, lint are ijlit aililili-.^' to its |iiipiit.tli-,|i l,y ,li-awilii,' tr,,|ll 
i-l les-, eiilei'iirisiii'.; t'ities ,'ui,i towns tliii,nL:li,,nt the noniinion. 
i liialiy ol ill" aiiove piililie w.irki, .-iti-l iii^iiluli,,ii-i .ire of tln- 
stly. inip,,sili'4. ali-l i-oiii[ili-te eharaeter .iiiywh,-i'.- t-, 1,,-foiiuil, 
el'\,- separate lliilii'e, whii-ll will lie L-ivell fnrtller on 

till- aiiove '.'i-eai imiirivemeiils were heiiiu' aoeoniplisln-il, w<- 

p.,piil;iti.,ll Ills .'lis., l,e,-n -.ti-.t'lily ,,ii the im-rease. .'-Jiiii-e the 

r.i t'lUili',' oil' l-eliwi-n |s|."i an, I IHl--. ilu- i;i,,wtl; lias lieen 

■ solid. We liavi- iilre.-iily iiotii-iil the e.\ti lit of the i>iipiilatiiiii 

lit perio-ts lip to IH.')I, ihe ilate of iiieiirpiiraliiin as a City. 

was ,-sliniate-l at I'l.tmn, liy ISIll ii h.i,! im-reaseil l,> 

r nearly ,i,,ni,l,- what it w.i- at tlie lilne,,f the eillslls lell 

vii'iisly. in l.'^TI it liail iiuaiii nearly t|,,iil,!e,|, the aelilal 

■f inhaiiilaiits Ih-iii:,'. .leeonliiig t'l the eeiiHiis retiii-ii>. •_'l,.'ij."i, 

nee Kept up iieirli the same pruportionaie ratio of inerease. 

trn.-twiirthy relimi we liaie is that -if the Kiiuinerator of tlie 

ii-'itl-iiial 'leiimiiient, wliieli ma\ In- re-ai-'leii as almost .1-, 

a iMivernmelit eeiisns, anil lllis' plai-es tin- popnhitinn for 

1- l--*77 at 'Ji..").-'!!. With the siiliiirlis, whieli pi-opei-ly helom^ 

lull not in ihe ,-irp-iiale limits, siieh as New K,riiil,iii-L,'li. 

r\ille. SteWiirt-m. .laiiie-\ ilh-. Ac. llu- iiunilur w,,iil,| he 

-, oM-r :li 1.1 Kill, ;in,l with the City of Hull, whieli »li.,iil,l also 

line, as it is in lealily, .1 part ,,f ,lie same nietr,, polls, tiie 

n i,f the e.,niiiiuiiily aekiiow'leil'.;ini,' iltlawa as their alii,ile 

• I tall far sli,,ri .if ."ri.iiiiii s.nils. l-'r,mi a priiu.ival forest to a 

li-li pi-op.,rtiona, aU'l |io.-iessiii;; ^iieli attrililites. ill a pell"! 

yan, is an e\i-epii,,nally t.ipiil ilevelopnn-iil, .if wliieli liii- 

,f Iltlawa .'in- n.itni'iilly .111,1 jiisily prou.l ; .in,| the fi-elino 

i-e-,i„inse 111 every patrii'ti,- man .'tii'l W'-man of wli">,e e .niili-v 

\ the lie.-iiltifiil Capital. 

eiM- luevioiisly -.(iM-n il pillions of ii.ivi-lli-r.s on llyl.mnas 

I'l it at iliirerent ,|ates. WeipMte lielow evti.nt, from the 
-II -,f an emim-nl .Viuerieaii eii,.;iiieer. .is -^iveii in 1S77 in n 
1,'llers III the I 'hiea^o /I'le/oe-. i-,a|( .Vi ii'<, a eeni leliian wlio 
III i i'\leii>iv--ly, is .-I ,onipei,-nt jinl-^e, ainl oaiiiiot he ae- 
pallial le.'illiniis t,,war,l his sllhiei't. He says: •• . . . 
niti-rviil of sever:, I \i-:irs from a prexioiis \i^ii, we were 

lilh the inipr iM- nl everywhere appal'eiil in the Cin ,,f 

III-' eipii.il ,,f the II,, mini, ,11 ,if Can:i,|:i. Il n,i siii-pi'ist',1 n- I,, 

tl we in. I 1 si.l,-re,l :l I":lilill',' l);lekw>„,iis town l^row II ittli, 

ly, with al',,uil,lill:,' ev i,|eliee of :1 e..inllli-l'i'l:il ali'l |iolit;.,il 
i-y -:leily, :is it Wen-, all oir»|.rin'_' of Ihe I'li'^ine-ellllL! pi'ofes- 

^'n-iit imlilie work Iriviie.^ inaiiuiirateil its lurtli ;iml fosti-ieil 
veirs It IS not ton niaeh t.i H:iy ih:,i 

- .1 l„-,liltlinl 1 'ily. St:im|in-,' :il tin- Jlinelioii ,,f the I I'llllerin 
„'r< I'iri li,'i-s, iviiii-li i-n,-s llie i-iieil aliinisl :it Ihe Innetioii of 
pnm-ipiil t,liiiniil.'lifil-es, ami hmkin:; we^t, it will lie ,lillieiilt 

:i -e imp'isiii^' pi. -tun- lliaii is preseiiteil to on, lii-r,.. iin 

I the iii:i'_'nilli'eiit I'.irliallii-lit liuililim.'s eileh the eye, with 
' a Sii'i','1 riinniii','iiii,,ilie ,lisl m,-,-, ,.n tin- south -11111-01 whieh, 
,; ihi' r.iiliinii'iil < pi ih', III' i-i.'it.-.l the Itiiik- ami m:iiiv 

Mil' -li'iii'iiin--. hill li:iti-ly l-niii^' one is the hauil-num- 

le, whii'h huim. the ape\ of the iiii-,-le tuaile hv 11 heinl in 

^tl.■|-t :ls it :llipril.li-lies ill,- lunU, 'I'lle h'lilliil',' lllaleri.ll 

I'liipli-.l .1 li|iiisli-i;n-y liiiii-toiii- i-hl. iiiii,h i-i the ^'1111-1111 

liie I'itv : it -,'ivi-< a ipin-l, suli-Miiti.il .ippe.iniii.- to it, 

t i.iiiiki-i'iih peihap-i, lull liiiiii'-l :iii,| |ieiiii:im-iil. Nor i-aii 

li.l It-' nei^'hliimiliiiiiil la- i-:i.ily Mirpii-'eil for natural si-.-m-rv. 



'I'll'- lli'.,'ll lilllll'- in :inil :lliollt till- City itself i-ollllmiml liiMlltiful lil'l 

uxteii-ive views. 'I'lle iii,i:,'iiiliei'nt fill- 'if Ihe Cliauilii-te, aii-l the 1' I 

i-:i-i'iiiles ahoiit tl(eiii, within the cily limit-. 1:111 1 en Inuii in.iny 

:l-pi'it- :lllil point- of iili-elV:lti'in. while lower iloWll the river, tllln- 
lilili',' ,1,-r elitl'- fu'lv feet ill Iii'l-,'lil, tile liiile.iu join- the llllaw.i. . . 
I'l-rh Ills ill few eilii-- ill the W'lrlil i- there -iieli a lii-M foi lln- 
-liiiliiil of w'.itei'-power in:ii'liiiii-iy : lor here, allhouuli llie ^le.ii 
mitural piiwer i- lie:ivily ilr.iwii iipnii. it niiiy h*- -iiiil. even iltirin^' the 
-eV'-re winter'. Ill' llii- hititii le, t" In- pra-tieilly iui-xhaui-lihle, iln- va-l 

volui if it- reset-ve foi-i-e ,'ea-ele-slv iliiiiiili-riii^ into it- ro' k\ li.i-in. 

Hii'l thai in the very miil-t of a i:ir;;e itinl pi,piil,,ii- eity. " 

T.i|-ii,-i-.iplii.:illv',U--i'rilii'il. the iltl.iwa of |s7s i- -ititale.l on the 
-oiiih or i'i.;lil liiiikiif the DIt.iw.i Ki'i-r, li'ii miles aiiove its jiimliui 
with the .St. Liwr. in-e, .iml in tin- mii'ili-i-:i-t e'liner o'' the 'rown-hip 
of Nepeail. It e.vtelliN :llolli,' the river In, in the- l!i,l,':lll, nhii-li is it- 

,'.i-lerii lioiimlary, to N'i-pe:in ll.iy, almie l,'h:iii,lilTe l-'.iU-, a ,li-lai f 

iie;irlv (hr, ,' mih-s ; ami -oiitlni-ly to an aveiie^e ili-,taiiie of ulioiii 
tii'i mile-, I'liiit., initio jm m.,.;i ,,1' ,,vi-r :i, 1)1)11 aen--. It i- iiiti-i'-ei'ti-,l liv 
the Kiih-:iii c.iiial. vvhii'li, eiit'-i'iii-4 rr,,m tin- (ltt:iw.i Kivur hetwei-11 
lii^li liliills -thi'oiuh what wii- oii^'in.iily known a- the '■ Deep I'm " 
run- ill a -^iiiitherlv iliii-'-lioii. ili\iilin>: Ilie t_'ity into two iiearli 
ei|iial |,iiriioiis, known i'e-pe,liv,-ly, sine- the --ailie-l -,-tllemeiit, as 
I pper 'I'owii ami Lower 'I'liwii, tin- hunier lieiii-.^ mi the we-l -iile ol 
the i-aiial, aiel the latt,-r mi tin ei-1. Tlie.-i- iwo iliitin>:ui-liin^ miim-- 

ilellole mole tlleir n-lalive po-iiti'Ul as to tin- I'ollr-e of the l.ltl:lW'a 

river ill. Ill thiii lelalive allitiiile, ,n a 01 eat porlion ,'.r l„itli seilioii- 
i- Iniilt upon very lii'.:li, lliiiii'.4h ny no nieaii- uiieveii. lit'oiinil. 'I'lii 
liolil pi-i, 111, lilt-, r\ imnieiliaiely to the we-it of the latni! iiitram-e, known 
a- l^u'li.lllll-lll Hill, on wliieli the puhlii- liiiili|im^-i an- -itiialeil, is the 
lli;,'he-l |i.iillt oil tile -oiith -hole, :iml the slirlaia- ileelilie- j;l'a,|ll:lll> 
.iway tow.ii'.l- all poiiil-, Itolli eii-I, we-t, ainl -o-itli. I''r,,|ii llii- r,,ni- 
mamliii.o ..iiieiice ,111- to 1„- -t-eii -oiiie of the in-'-t l'e:iiitifiil l^iml-i'ai'e 
views wliii-h a eoiinliy m,!, -I f,u the i^iamleiii ,if it 11, r\ ,':iii piuJui,'. 

'Pile tw,i,{ivi-iotis al„,\ , nann-,1 ate ai^iiii iliviileil into iiili'i-reiil loi-:i!i 
lii-i the huim-r known a- Upper Ceiitie Town, .\-hliUinli,un Hill, ami 
lMi:iilii-re Klats : the Lillei, as Lower Ceiilie Town, S:imly Hill. :iml iln 
■' li'tter ()." The two hill- whi.-h ^iv,- imiii,-- !., liuir ruspei-live 
hK';iUti,'- an- Loth in niarkeil i-'iiiti:i-,t to the topoer ipliy of the south 
shore, ihouoli vei-\ ili--riiiil.ir in eh.ii.ielei'. Tin- foiiii. r, wiiieli i- in 
the soiilh-we-t limits of the 1,'ity pioper, i- -imply a eontiuinition of the 
pniiiioiitory in tiiat ilini'ii-m. :iiii| with luit lilile ih pn-s-ioii, till it :iil 
at one,- t:iki-i a very -mhleii -lip, :iiiil form- .1 lii;,'h. -t,-ep, ainl mcky 
piei'ipii-e, lieviiiiil wliieli, to the iioilli-we-I anil -outh-wi-sl, lie the 
Ch.iiiilieie l''lat.- ami U.-eheslerville -the latter a -iiliiirh .,| the Cil\, 
■ llioiii,'li in the luiiiii i'ip.il limit- of the Tiiwii-hi[i ol' Xi-p,aii. 

The 11, line of .S:iiiily Hill iinnlie- il- eharaeter. It i- situati-l in tin 
e:l-teril limit- of the iily, near (he Itiileau. airi how it ever -^m llnle 
i- oin- ,,rili,,-i- thill;;- wliieh ii'i one ,;,iii iimler-laml. il i- -,» entirelv 
ililh-ieiil ill rot'iiiatiiui Iroiii aiiytliiuo el-ewheie III 111- louinl in tlii:; 
p.ii-t of the eoiintiy. Then- are plaee- on the -linii- ,.f tin- m.:is ami 
lake- when- -iniilar formation- esi-t, Inuii illei-l-i of wiml ami wave, 

Il lime iiiiiiieiii,,rial, lull mun- of th,- /»■(/• r,'./ e\i-ts In-nahoiit-. It 

i- .1 ni,i;niiiill:ili-,l hill .if Im,- .iml liirn-ii while -.iml, of -u.-li hei-lii 
lli:it it- oli,t,.,|j„^,.t,,|, i^ ,,.,.„ ||.,,ii, i|„. ,li-l:im'e far :il),,ve the lii.u- 
tops of '.li:ii part ol th, cii\ whi. li -nnuniiil- il. 

THE PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND PUBLIC WORKS 

I'l '■II' .1 1,11 m.,;,. ,;,il...i.n,. li, ., iipl.oii ill, ,11 11 I- |i,i..:lii,. |,, ^n ,. 

them ill a -ki-teh of thi- iiatun-. of Ihe I'.iili.um-iit liuileinos nloiie, 
whi'li ii-:irly twenty year- of toil ami m.iiiy iiiiilions of monev have 
imi yet eonipleteil, a voliiiiie iiii^ht lie written : while their -lamlai'l i- 
fnlly kept up to hy iiianv of th,' .Munii-ip.il puhlie works ami iiistiln 
ti'iiis. .■.,iiip,it:iiivelv with the lis,-. f,,r tt'hiih tlnv were -eveiallv 
il.'-i^ii.,l. 

THE RIDEAU CANAL 

ll'-in.; Ill,- tir-l on .11 puhli.- uik f the iiii.i.v.i \',i;l,-v, ii.al im|,,',| 

al ,st the lir-t ill all I pper Camula, as well iis an , n'tirpi i.-e p. the 

pnis,.,utiiiii ami eouiphtion of which Ottawa un-loiilil.-illv ow, - ii- 
i-\i-iem-e. We Mill oivi- it a llrsi plan-. 

The .ui^iii of tie- uii,li-i-i,ikiii,', lojitln-r with tin- -1 i-m-s :i,i ,,iiip,inv- 
iiu its inei-ptioii :tiii| pniore-, have Ulreailv heeii ilel:iili'il, ami it |,ui 
n-iii:iiii- lor us lu-ielly i.iileserilie it a.- Colmiel Hv ami hi- eii::imei» 
lelt it -:i iitoiiuiiieiit III till- militarv -.^eiiius .,f iji,. ••Inui Diiki.' a 
li-lilllonv to the ski. I ami :i!iilily' of the -alhilil ollii-,-r wh.i o,i\.- 
iitlaw:i its earlv leiiiie. ,iii,| a lei.'.i,-y to the eoiiiitrv il w.is ,li-i_.ni"| i,, 
lU'-itiel fnnu f,in-i-,'ii iiiva-i :in,l -ave fmiii foi-eigii e pi,-sl. 

Ciuniiietieeil oil the :!l-t .--i-pteiulier, LS2i!, Il took 111:11 Iv -i , veai- 
to e:irry il to i-ompleli.iii, H'liieh was not :iei'oiupli-lii il till .\iio,|,t, 
ls:ia, :iUli,uioh the lli'-t sleaim-r (naim-.l the I'Hmpn; ..!ii-rw,iiil'- tln- 

' p.i-se.l tin iii^h oil 111,- ij'.iih ..f .M.iv.if that ve:ii. With termini 

ul tln'iiti.iw.ioiilheom-leiml, ,m| Like Ont.iri-, l';iiiosl.,n ,,n ll lli,-i. 

it p„s-essesaii entire h-iioih „|' i-j,;! ,|,ji,.,, „.i,i,.|, j, lik,.wi-i. :iliiii,.| il,, 
i-Mii-t ili-tanoo hetweeii Ottaw.i ami .Mmitnal. The whole pl.m of ihi' 
w.irk iousi,|,.,l in iilili/ino m-,, i.,,|,i,l ,,,1,1 ,,1„|||„ |,.,| .|i,.:,iii-_ il,, 
Hill, ai; fniiii 1)11, iH.i, .111,1 th,. C:ii.ii.,,|iii Inuii Kiiio-|.,ii into oin- 1 ,,11 
iinu-iii- ii.iv i-,',ilile 1 haiim-l. Tlii- ohji-.-i was :i,-,'oiii|.|islieil l,v the ,-,,ti 
-irii,'li,,ii of 17 |..,-ks, ^4 .1.,,,,^, ,„„j a4 „..,,,,. .„|,| ,,.^,„|,,,j|,^, „.^,j,. 
(II the-e |,i,-k-. :);! a-ieml fnuu Oitiiwa. :iiiil 11 ileai-eml tiiw:M,l- 
kiii^'-l,Mi. emlirai'iiio a tot:il lo, k.ioe, ,il hi-.;li w':it,-i-, of imj f,.,.i, i,f 
whiih. pn.i-eeilino -iiniliw.ir.l, then- i- :i rise' of Jsjj j',.,,,, ,,||,| |i;| '|,.,., 
I.ill. The lo,-ksan- ei,iisi,.|,,-i,.,| ,,t s,,lj,| , ii|.,i„ii,. ma-oiirv, th, ir ,l■ 
lll. -i-ioii-. ,,vi r .ill, l.eino 1:11 f,.,.|, ,„. 11,1 |,.,.| ,.],,,„._ l,j. ■;,;, |,,,.| j„ 

lii-e.i-llh. The il,-pt|i iif w:iii-roii the sills i, .-, fi,,.!, with a mivi ":il,l. 
ili-pih tlinni^honi the .':tii:il of 4.'. t'l'.t Till, lu-eailth of the eamil i- 

"•ll le.-l It Ihe -llll.lie, :lllil 111) feel al llie lioHoni, in -Ill, ami .-. I :ll 

the h.itloiu, in n.ek. 

lii-i.les Ihe hiek*, the work eon-i.sts thnniohiuil its eiilin- leu -th of 
a selli- ol ,|:iins 1,1 elev:lti- the w.lter. Oiil Iif 21 ,,f t||,..,T II 

'" I '"I "l-'iie, iiml 1:1 of wool au-l el iv ; Ihe siom- .hmi- I'-.-in 

Inuii .-1 111 lill feet ill hi-iolit, ami llie ,iilieis v:ii'viiu' fnuii il to t,'i f,-ei. 

Nine ol the -J t waste ami n-ouhitiiiL; wi-ir-i an- liliiti of -inn,- an. I 
then- i«:i|.,ial l.iiolh of sliiirt oairils, irn-pe.livi .,f l..,-k-, of HI' 
null-, li-avm- hy the a,sisi:i!u'e of Ihe ilaiiis, very iiearlv I In iiiih- i.f 
n.iluial liver navioatioii. 

Il w„ul,l ,ippe:ir ft 0111 paper- lile,l anioiu' il„. piiMi.- ii,, ,,iinls Umi 
" i''«"'-'l '"'-tot tliew,,rk uii> 1*3,1)1 l,7t)l. 17 ; luit In.iu very ,,1,1 



"T?^ 



COUNTY OF CARLE lOiN.- 



(Inoiiincntt lately iini>iirthe<l at thf Caiml Oftu-i; it wouM M-t-iii to Itf 
itiii-^iiluiMlily iiiiiri' tliiui the aliovi-iiiimi'ti iim.iiiiii. Thia iiiK'iimi*n( 
i,'iv.-;tln' ....^i ii4 lollow- : -r.Kt nl" |.iii,i fU.so; l^s. (ij.l. . cvpcmii- 
mn--* iiji'Mi tlu' vavioiH statiorH, l'(;-2."»,:i4.'> (i.-. Tul. ; cu-it nl' ^ati*-*, 
t':it,MI *U. lO/.l ; pay (if i'.-«tal»U>iinn-iU, t*llO.-J7!» llt-«. 84.. luakiti-; a 
i.'t.il of i'M)7.77l .'is, (ia. stiTliii;^, "i-.^i,(i;i,s,'i7|.;is. 

Fin.iii.-i.illy, tlu* Canal U a lailntv, i^vi-r ^iIlCt■ tin- iiavigatitMi of tlie 
St. iawi'eiH'c lias bi-t-n an ai»-.nui>li'*lu'ii fact. Imliivclly, liuwcvci. it 
ii I'Vi-n now a wry great bi-nt'tit to the roniitrv al largo I'loin tlio lint' 
a«lvanta<,'u-' it iM-qucatli^ to the pojMilons .section tnronj^li wliiili it nasne-* 
-vrry iu'L^i- au^'ruentalions to tin* population of wliicli have ln-en 
illVcu-.l I'V thr fai.'ilku's for ira.lo iin<l tliiMp tian-p'Oi atloi'lfl ijy 
till- valiialilc watorway ; while the ohjcol tor which it wa^ uii^inall> 
C'-nritrnctL-il n-inain-*, as it rvur has, to lie acroniplishuU hy olhir tlian 
coiunion-ial iiitlnt*nces -lullni'm-iM .vhioh we hopi* to tec lotig averti'.l. 

In the larly liays of tin; I 'anal, howiivcr. the tratlic over it was of 
Hiicli a character as to keep llie lock-, busy ni.;iit an<l -lay ahn.'Ht the 
ciilnv sea^oii of navigation ; aii'l it is only williin the past ihiee yc.ir.s 
that a regular line of iituainurs \t:\h taken otf thu thri'ngh route bu- 
tweon tJttawa ami Kingston. Wo ar*- tohl by the aiiihoriti<-s that 
oven up to I'llJO the btisiaesii over the Canal wa^i \iiv large, but 'Jneo 
that lime it lias bion steadily an>l rapully ilecrea^ing till it ■^eem-. to 
h.ivo toiicUel b.)tioni in lrt77, the receipts f-T tolls at the Ottawa 
station for the lirst four months of (he season of 1^78 exeee.lmg tho 
same porio.l .'I last ye ir by over ?*lOi), rt'hich is of itself a trilling it<-m, 
though it sh'»ws that trado is nlowly eommeneing lo revive. Wi- 
tiuKit'l have nieutione-l that *he Canal is ■livi'b-l nito three section^ 
-northoin. ini4i|lo, ainl soulliern, aii'l that t"lls ai-o eolk-itL ' al tho 
lici'l-tpi iitor.i o!' the respi'Ctive ■soctiotiH, viz.: —Ottawa, Sntith's 
Kails, an<l King^^ton. Any autiiorizctl eultfctor can, howevi-i. eoUfct 
tlio r.ite'i "vor all or any number of seetions, m uvun other uf the 
t,'ana iian t.'anals - is.suing pass.-x iliuretor. The (irenville ami 
Caribou (.'anaU form togutlier tho burtb, jction under tin- juiisdic- 
tion iif tile lli'lean, though, of course, U't' belonging to tli..< Unlcau 
proper. 

Vhily one steamer now runs regularly over tins section nt the 
lInKau. This is tb'' "^t-'. whuli makes I wu r<>unil trips per w.x'k 
b-'tween Montreal and Newlxiro," a tuwri in the ruwusliip oi Oiosby. 
and Ci'unty of Loo'ls, al*out 7-"i miles touth-west of Ottawa. 

Tolls an- loviod aceordiiig to the tonnage of tho vt-ssrU passing, 
.iU«» in proportiiin to the actual amount of freight earrivd, and ae-ord- 
mg to tlie kind of freight. That n[iNn which charges an- iiiadi.' i> 
Uvided into tive classes, with a v.irying scale ol tarili*-.. Tln-re is also 
a Irue list, ol which coal is tho chiet article. .Most of tlie tr.ide now 
consists of lumber carriwd to Albany and N'ew Vork in Anierie m 
boats, whieh return with eaigou> of eo;il t.> Montreal or Ott.iwa. 
IjUinbi.'r is ostimati-d al bOO feet per ton, and the ehargt-s throii,;;li al! 
till- (.'an idi in » 'aii.iU. hence to St. .lolin's, Que., wht'ie the Canadian 
sy-tem terminates, amount to :!i» tents per l,Oi(ii b.-it 

'I'ho head otlice of the Canal is located bore, tiie I'llicer- being ; 
K. V. Whc. iMC, Se.pi'rintciiilent ; K. .\bliott, I'leik ; .lames ( 'arroU. 
KoiuMim of Works ; and Kultert t'oopt-r, Whartinger. The loeal 
olticrsat this |>oint are : -M. .\. Carmen. » 'ollectoi ..f TdN ; Wm. (i. 
Adilisoii, Loek-m.tster. an«l six lock hands. W. M. Unhey isrolK-rtui 
at Smith's Fills, and .1. l>eano at Kingston Mills. 

Ki lui tlio puldio accounts we lind that the rucoipts for the fiscal 
year ending dune ;ji>tli, 1^77, «'ire aa follows : — 

HYl>KAt'l.ir OTHKU „ , 

s^:^. rioN. v- -li.^. ru a .. 

KKNrs. KKiKirrs. 

Ottawa I l,*.Mt2 Utt l,:t77 -r* US7 «."► M.-m:. 7'» 

Smith's FalU ' ti:J4 oO -J.". tMt C.V.i .V.) 

Kingst.Mi Mills 2,4i)y or. -27 -2 00 :i,bHl Im 

Total .... .^.^. v^i^a-ltij?! •■ •'Id'-tl' ^ri ^ilii ?s5 J!?j»^'(''^_:U 

Aitd tho expenditurus for the fiamo poriod woie: for uollurtion, 

.•<l!,r-"J. (>'.», of which ?<l.*J0Ois f.,r colle-lors* .salarie-, and sll'Jii.C,') f.,i 
ronini.;encies ; niaiiiti'iianeu, .■:«-.'>,lt.Vi, and i'pa;r>. Slt.l'.H.js i.t 
which -SUt) weru spent on ihu Ottawa Canal Ua-iii) ; lot il, slJ.-J^u.l:; 
The number of lockages through the Ottawa loeks (of wliieli tii.i- 
are eight, witli a rise of 1S3 fuot for the sea-son of 1M7S is as follows: 

May -iti steamer*. ''H bar^'es. and M |>s. rut - 

.luiie -i^ •• «7 " lb 

July 47 " tM " 

August "'it '■ I't; " 7 

.Stptoniber 48 " 7(J " .. " 

October 4:i " m *' 

Novomber I"' " -in " 

Total 'iim 52H t;7 

The t'aiial cbnefi for 1877 on thf 3rd of Oi*cember. whieli w.t~ m ■;! 
than a fortnight later than the average date, and opened b.r tin- s^m 
son ot l>i7H on the liist of May, which is about tho usual lime, elo- 
in>; ai^ain on the :it'lh <lay of November. 

rhe ibpth uf watrr, as tested on tho tirst day of each month 
throughout the st-ason of l'>7'^, was as follows:— January, 1" ft. U in. 
Febriuiv, rt ft. it in. ; March, 7 It. :t in. ; April. 7 ft. II in. ; May. 
Ui It. I in. ; Juno, KHt. s in. ; July. 10 It. loin. ; .\ugust.8 ft. 2 in : 
Seplemiier. 7 ft. *J in ; October, !» "ft. *> in. ; N'ovembi-r. !."» ft. J in. . 

December. I 1 ft. The-e liguies an- useful as indi.-atniL,' tb inpar.i 

tive ra:n«fall throughout the various iifiitiis of the ytar m tin- spction 
oleoniitiy drained by the Kideau Kivri'. 

THE PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS. 

Which are beyond e..iii|.ari-on the tinusi «-litir,s in tli. Itoiiui 

.Mid -with th'-'eX' pt ions of the Cnit.;d Slate-. I'apit .1 at W.islnnuton. 
and the Hew York Statu i.'apitol ut Albany— the line-t probably in 
Anieii'M, are sitnateil in a central pmtion of the Cit\ . occupy ing a 
magnilicent and judiciously chosen site of nearly JO aiMfs. wliieh 
comprise- the iiio-i .■levated plalt-au on tho south shore, and is 
;...uiided noitherly by the iHtawa. which swerps around it in .i 
ciniilar direction "from Itanlc Stit.-et to tin- Uid.-au Canal, wlii.li bum 
tlh' weitern and oast);rn liounds, whib; if fxti'iids on ih<' south lo 
W.^lliiigton Street, whieh at this poiiil is oijr of the tinest in the 
Ooiiiitiion, adorned with inagnilieont and imposing stone ediliecs <.f 
great cost and beautiful dt-ign, in wliicli are -iituated the Hanks. 



l;i-> iriiii-e, l,o:ui, Kailway, t'aiial. and h.iw oili,u;i. Fro 
which rin's k,^-vv I.'mi fuot alnio-t perpeudi. ulaily above thu 
IS covereii with dense biliage from loot to summit, tl 
locks on tin- Kideaa and the various -.le.iinboat landings 
immediatrly Itcneatli one's leet ; on the right tin- no 
stntches away lo»\ard the .St. Iiawren<'u;ts tar as the ey 
.tiid the paiioi'.iiii.i iintotdiii:; ilsi-ll to the oliMcrser far 
soiirli presents. Ml L'.vieiii of miles of the most thickly ii.hab 
of tlu't'ity, a lorest of hmiso-tops, as n wore, which t 
tdevation of the beholder givt-^ the aiipearanee of -tandin: 
■'•u , tliii'kly inteis[ier-ed with the more pioiiiinent oiill 
numt^'io..- puidie iit.-^titutions of variou-> kinds which { 
tlirou^iiout Low.-r Town; the sky in ilie baekgioiind 
spires and minaiets which toll of tho tttligiuuscliaracter of 
tioin which they spring, tiu' liiiest of whnh is the niagnitu 
Cathojie Oathe ir.d '■" "sus.iL'.x Streel. whose niajostie 
crowned by twin ,s(iiies. b'rm a pionuuent feature in soiij 
otln-r of almost every landscape view of iMtawa. 

'\\t the left the view, though varying much, is still \ 
The t'liaudiere, its magniliieiit fall.s aihl roaring cascades, 
roekv basin L'r.in'le.-isly thunder \ast volumes "f laishing ' 
b.'autilnl - ispeiision l.rilL;e ivhieh span- i he lorient, an 
>plendid mills which line tin- edges on Imth sides ; the 
t 'heiie- ; Nepeaii Hay, with its roiniiilie and iuctnresipu 
varying si/e and form ; the ehanging scene ot land an* 
the grui-ral lii-anty of the [uo-^peei, < otubnie to form a 'i 
inspirm- and nevir-io-bo |tu.;otttti ; wink' the tbunisli 
Hull on the oiipusile iMuk of the riv«'r, bi-hii.d and above 
tho bauientiaii Mountains, adds an incieasing intoi'est ti 
and forms, altogether, such :i picture at can scarct 
else b<- r.pialleil, :ui<l nowhere e\. tilbij ; wliile ihc wh 
heightene.i (o .i de^r-'- h\- i he Ir.ih imposing appearance 
uiticent piles of uia.soiiry whieli eroun III'- suiiiinit tif I'arli 
The Parliament lluildiitg" are geiirrally kiu'wn as t 
We.sturn aud I'eiitral lUoeks. The latter contains the 
Clianilni-' and I'.irlianieiitary olljeos and Library ; the two 
ollices oi the vjuion.-, I >eparliuents of the (.luveniiMcnl . 
'd.'cks tori, I ,is many sid«.'S vi a stpi;ii\:, winch t* open t« 
Street, on tho soiuh. The grounds, which were naturally 
hwVo bt'on lore' t and beautifully laiti lUit in «alks and i 
beds. . i.itl> .. '3 ami llowors form a ne^t (-leasaiit a 
teatiMO I I .'t ,_. - 1-1 I whieh lor iho beauty and .s\ iiinietry oi 
can ttnd no riv.il in aiiv public park or grounds in t'anad: 
Another notowoi thy adjnnci to the groiindi and surr 
the '■ '...(Vers' 'A',alk,"*a delif.;hifui winding way, whieh thre 
o;" '.Il ■ |Uve;p*o;.' surroi''id-i(/ tho groumls. on ihi- river sn 
pi'ovimate 't> 'ice ui .u. .ay hetwecii its summit an 
which runa bulow. Nafuiv, nl.ieh has done much b>r th 
retreat, has been .-uppltun-uted ity .nt till the *' Lover'i 
Itecuiiio a s[iot fur which no hhuv a[>propriale name could 
while the pleasant sliady nooks and sylvan nireats which 
the ver_\ midsi of a Urgceity, and almost literally under 
ri-inler it a iiu>st iluscrving place for ^iicli a sugge-li\ f ii:ii 

The ni:issive walls uf l'luisii-gre_\ eat hnnrstone, and 
vari-c Jored sandstones, which .■^uncmnd the sipi.ire, are 
l>y handsome iron railings and adormd with Obiu free- 
culuinns, of huge ^i/.e and appropriate 'ie.siijn -many - 
elabor.uely c.irved tlu- whoh' uf tlm most ln-iiuliful ainl e 
tion, and ot a char.icii-r in perfect harmony witli thu 
buildiiii:s, which wc will now atlcinpl to drseribLv 

Wc liav." already referred to the events «hieh h-d to 
of ( tttawa as the location for these Imildings. The desp; 
Hiitish Colonial Sceritary euive\iif4 llei Majcsty'.s ,' 
d Ui-d hecenilier :iUl, 1X'.7. and \\;i- eohitnunieated to 1 
of th>- Leifi-^l.ature on .Maieli Iblh. l."(o.'^ ; ami was in an 
rf.pu'si. Ik' iriii:4 dati* tin' L'4th March of the )trevious yi-.i 
iinth.- 17tli -May. |M,"i!t, the hepartmeiit .»f lubli " 
notices inviting architects to prepare and submit desii^i 
meiit IbiilJMu's. .nid for ill. ■ I'ubiii l»i-parl meiits, by th 
iiisuin-;. the ivsidt wa^ tln' ler.-ipr of Ki d« sr^ns bu- 1 
I 4 e ■mpetitus . and 7 btr t he latUi. by li cumj>etitors; ; 
in:.' been • xamiiied l»y eom|Mtent por.sons, i Im lirst pr-n 
buiiier was awarded lo .Messrs. Fulb-r A Jones, and for 
Me-sr'. Sf.-nt A La\er : .iml ihr desiu'ns ..f tlies.- gun 
s.imu sul>se-pK-nt alterations, \w\\- soon after adopted. ; 
*p..-itieitions prepare"! by tht- l.nli (tetob.-r btllowmg. 

I >n the S[h Si;pleniber. ti-iidirs wure <-alle'l for by the I 
wliic'i time was sid)so.|UentI} extuiided to the I"»th. when 
-rivi-d :or the Partianii-nt l>iil>linus and 'J!> for the I 
Ibiilliiigs. That of Tbi-nias MeOr.'f\y, b)r the bnnier.wa 
tJte '. ilk sum of s:(JH.r»eit, .ind tin- e-ntiael si^m-d on th 
>er. IH.V.i : Messrs. J-'iies. Ha\eoek. .V Clarke re eiving al 
lime iliH contract for the latter at tlie bulk sum ot SJ 
•■.Mil. -I Wore I. > bo iinislh-d by July Ui. 1 •>b:'. and the lat 
arv 1st of \\\v same M-ar. 0|i,'nili.uis ut-n- romun'med > 
.l.'-ik, 'Jn-ii ll.M-emb'.r, l^.Mt, .iiel the lirst nias..nry laid 
April f'lll'vving. .\b .iit tin- siine tiim- \\ork eoinmeiiceil 
Itoth hepartim-nlal blo.k>, and on Si-pt. 1st the Prince 
the corner stone of (he pur iiniiiedialcly under the not 

pillar of tbo Leiiislatf\oC.. il Chander 

Siibs.'.pu-nlty, vi'iy many utdorrst-i,'ii cit'inii-'tan 
w.iicli prevented the eiifyinn oui..f ilircontracls. a^ oriu' 
nit", ami in>-r< ised ihf total t*ost of the buildings many I 
is not h'-ri- u-f'^sary lo f..Ilt\\ tln.-sc various an-l i-hai 
stances a- 1 !o*v .severally transpired. It will sulliet' t.> - 
the ori-inal grant of S!lrio,(HKl was fill Uso.j. apju-'«[,ri.i 
■ipproi-rialioii. and ye ii after ye u' was ''oii-uii.-d in thcit 
ne]>artuiental lbiildin-is riot being .-oniplutt-d till thf fa 
vear.s afi.-r •lo; timt- a-^'rei-.j upon. The public ..tlii-t-s ha 
into ,h'' buddiie^'. h.o\e\ cr, tin- pi ,'\ loii.s year ti-om t.tm 
l..i;isla'ivi- ChaiMbcr> of the Ceniral lllork ut-ie s.. far 
|Mi;it as to adailt of the session being held therein, u)i 
.luiie 8lh rif that \ear. 

In re_Mrd to A general tteHenplnm .'f the bujldiu 
luiiibi-r. detigiiaiion. and re!ati\e |Mi-j|ii>ii, aiel the '.^I'lM 
istic- of tiieir -urioundin-^''. have ati-ead\ lo-i n rebrred ' 
I iicjessarv to add. in ihl-. eonne.lion, (hat lli.> style ■■ 
m .I'l the buildings IS a mi»lilie.| I'Jtb ■eiiliiry <io(hi> 
'.11 (line tli.'V [.resent their nui lerous towers, liiLtli-pitcii 



CARLE 1 ON. — Continued. 



XXI. 



lilway, (''in:tl, aixl L.iw niU.ui. Kroni thu bliitT, 
L'L't uliNH-it {htii'MI'Ik uliu'ly alinvt' thu Ottawa, aiirl 
1st' fnliiiLif fiuiii I'nii til siiiniiiit, tint dui'ii'a uf 
aixl tht' vitriiiuri -.tiMinIiMut liiiitlitii;!* uru Jihuo>t 

<int-'s It-ct ; •III till- light llic nohle Dttnwa 
.1 the St. Ii:irt iviKu i.H tar as tho i-vi- can leach, 
uiil-'ltliii:; itsi'll \<' till' Mlisfivor farther tn tliu 
-III i>| null's of the iiio.it thickly ii.liahituit iiui-tiun 

uf Uiiujiu-tn|iH, as il wuru, which tlu- siiporiNr 
liloi- ifivi-' thf appiviiMiiuo I'f -tain.liui,' mw al)ovc 
■r^vi\ with (he iiK'ic |iri»iuiu-iit uiithiit-s uf thi- 
tttuttuiis of variMii-, IvIikIs whicli )iu<>lniiiiiiatu 
I'ltttii ; liiu .sky in tin- iiacU;^iLHinii pu-ict'il l>y 
kiiicli toll uf tho irlit^iuiischaiMfU'r iif tliu L-iliticus 
114, till' lirii-'-t uf vvlih'h IS thu nia^^nihcuiit lluiuaii 
■■■ -^us.iL'x StU'L'i. whusi) majiMtic [uuiiurtioiis, 
ivs, form a i'i"itiiii('iit fraturo in suine curnor uv 

■ laiiiiscajii! vi»-\v ul (Utawa, 

lew, thniiLfh varying iiiuih, is still very siiuil ir. 
ia>;iiih. fill falls aii-l ruariii'^ cascaik's, uver win »•■ 
ly thiin'li'r vast vcIiiihum uf rnsluii;; Wi'turs ; tlie 
ItnlLii' AhicU span- the lurient, ami tin unry 
line the ed^es uii hoth snles ; the Uaiiides ilis 
y, with its i-uminlie anil picturesque iHtaiiiU of 
■III ; the ehaiii,Mn'_; seein: ut lan-i ami water, ami 
if the [Mu-.[ieci. ' uiwlmie tu furiu a -eeiie at uiiee 

■ I.I Im |ui.;uitin ; whil.- tlie tl"uiishinij City ol 
i-.iiik uf the liver, l*ehii."l an-l ahuve which tuwer 

itains. iitlils an iiicieasin-^ intere-*t tu the whole, 
lur. siieli a (lietuiv a^ can scarce iinywliure 
il nuwiiere ex- ullttl ; wlille tin' wliulu etlV'Ct in 
■e In the ti.ilv uiipusiiiL,' .qipearance uf tin- mag 
•nry whirh ci-uwii tti-' sumuiif uf Parliaiiitiiit Mill. 
lUiiMiui^^ are .L;enfi-ally knewii as the Kasteni, 
it Itl.'cks. The latter cuiitains the Leyialative 
iiiieiitary "Ilices ami Lihravy ; ihe two former, the 
1:1 |)epartmenU uf the iluvernmeiil . The ihne 
siiles uf a Mpiare. which i> upuii t" Uellingtun 
The >^ruuiuU, which were naturally very rough, 
ihI Iteaiitifully laiil uut in walk.s ami iliivcii, while 
s ainl tluweis t"riii a must pleasant ami agreeablo 
vhich tor ilie beainy ami .■^\ ninu'try uf all its part^ 
;iii\ public park ui gruumU in t'anatla. 
thy luljunci tu the ^rniinik and surruumtingB, in 
' u duli;;hiful winding way. which thread* the edge 
ui.''d-ii_' the grounds, hu tin- river side, at un aii- 
ui .1. .ay hutwecn tl> summit and the water 
Nuf'iie. x\l.ich has .li-ne iiiiu-h fur this delightful 
ppumeiited i>y art till the '* LuVer\ Walk" has 
Inch iiu hiure apprupriaK name cuuld bu devised ; 
liady iiuuks and sylvan nttreais which it alVurds in 
Ur^eiity, and ainiust liiciaily under iho t'apitol, 
eiTiU'^ place liU' smh a sUUL^e-tivv naii.e. 
s of bluish-gvi-y cut liniesiuuc, and intermingled 
lies, which .surround the Mnuare, are suriuounted 
iilin^s and atlunu'l vvitli (»hiu frecslune posts iir 
i/.i' and apprujiriale "lesi-^ii -luaiiy uf which are 
the whule uf tho mu.>l iM'aulifulatid costly descrip- 
lettT III perfect liannuny with ihu uruumU and 
will m.w attempt tu describe 

referred tu the events which h-d tu tin- selectiuii 
atiun fur these IniiMui^s. The despatch fruiii Ihe 
reritary ciiive\inic ilii Majest_>'s selectiuii was 
. 1H'.7. and wa^ cumniunicaled tu buih brandies 
1 Maicli Mith. l?<.'iH ; and w;is in answer tu their 
' the LMth March uf the previous year. 
. inri!), tho department uf lublic Works issued 
,.t.et- to prepare and submit de.-Hii^'ns fur I'arlia- 
1 fur iln* I'libii. |)f|iiirtments, by the l>l August 
lit was tin- recfipi ot Ui th .>igns fur lie- b)rim^r, by 
1 T fur 'lie latU'i. b\ li cuinpetitors; ami after lia\ - 
bv cohip'teiit persons, ihe hrst pr.uiuim fur the 
i to Mi-ssrs, KulliT *V .b'lies, and fur liic latter to 
I ; .ind ihe doi'^ns of tliesr gentlemen, with 
ierati'iis. wetc .'iuun after adopted, and plans and 
cd I'V liu- 1:1th (tc'.uber full-. wing. 
Miib'-r. ti-iidcrs were called lur Ity the l.st November, 
<eiiuenlly extuiidcd to the l"»th, when 'Jl were re- 
jiaimiit l;. Hidings and '-".' f'-r tho Departmental 
riiomas Me' iri'.'vy. for the funint, \v;w aicepted, at 
lH.:,Oii, aiitl tlh' eoiitiact si;^m-'i on the 7th Deciin- 
m-s. Ha>euck. »V *'|jirke leeiviiig aiHiUl Ihe same 
ilu- taller at the luilk sum uf ?*:i7'*.Hln. Tlie 
^|l<■ 1 l.v .lulv I 'I. I'>li:'. and till- lattci by Febiu- 
iir. ' tpt rat ions ui-ri' (iimimiiccd uii thf ci^ntral 
r, \<->'.K and ihe hr-^i maxuiiiy laid -tn the '_'*it!i 
.. .lit the same lime wurk eoinmenccd generally on 
bl.ic'ki. and "11 .Sepl. 1st the I'riiice of Wale.H^laid 
the ph-r immediatcK under the iiorth-tNint angle- 
it i\*' 1 '"Miicil <'hanib.-i 

■ 1 V many miforcsiiMi en- um-^tanees inturveiiud 

.-in »ing out uf theeuiilracis. a^ originally eiilurud 

!i.' total (fust uf the buildings many liiiii!» over. It 

iV\ t.i f..lIow the.^e variolic and changing circiim 

rally tianspiivd. Il will siithcr I., --ay that after 

,.| S!nm,(HH) was all ii>i-t. appi"priation followed 

yiii afler yeir wan ■■on-iiiii-d in llieir erretioii, the 

'tin '41 Mot bring cumptulc'l lill the fall 'tf IMCfi, 4A 

.- a'^ii'id upon. The publii- otlicfs had beun niuved 

howt'ver, lli«- pi .'\ lulls year li'tiii <,hiebee; whili* the 

!■- of thi* I'i'hiral I'd..! k wt-fe s.i fsir cuniplL-tuil in 

the sfSMiuii being hiM t herein, u Iiich op, -tied on 

■ar. 

U'eiii'ial 'lesi-nplioii of the ImildingH ; tlnir site, 
111. and rolati\'' p'»-iti"-n, aU'l the gem-ral eharneler- 
diii^s, havu ;tlre,id\ Im'i-ii referred tu. It i» only 
this euiini'i liuii, (hat lie- style uf arcliiteeture 

a t lilied I'JIh '-eiilury < io'lhic : and the hold 

t hfir inn leions towrrs. high-pitelied, variegaled 



Hlatu ruofH.piurcuil by donnerH and aurtnounted by ornumuulnl wrought { 
iron cretitingtt and lurininals, together with Ihu iiuaintimasuf thu eai'vuU 
hgiires, coiubiiie to produce un impuiiing and picturesipie etl'eul. 

Thu principal luatenal used in tho construction of the buildnigi la 
a hard, creuni-culurud saiid-tuiiu from lliu adjoining Tu\tniihip uf ' 
Nepeaii. Thu drussiiigs, stairs, gablels, pinnaeles, iVu.,aiu uf tJliiu 
fruestuiie, while 11 pleasing variety is given lu thu whuluby the relieTing j 
at'clieH uf rud I'utadain samUtuiiu uver the window and duor u|iuningH. { 
TliO roufs are cuverud withslale of adaik culur,witiibumU uf brighter 
hue,' ubtaineil fruui the .State of Vermont. The fuiimiatiuui and 
inner portions uf ihe walU are uf liinestuiie ({Uariied in the vicinity ; 
thu division walls and lining uf the uui^idu walls are uf brick manu- 
factured hero ; tlie luarblu was ubtuincd fruiii Arnprior and uth»r 
localities in the IHtiiwa \'alley, and all the limber used in tlie coii- 
slruction, eveept the oak, which w:--* oKhiii.Hd in other jiarls of thu I'ru- 
viiice, also came friuu the \ alley of tho * 'ttawa. 

Ill regard lu eluvutioii, the I'ailianieiit Ihiilding is tlu; highetil, itH 
baHemuiil tluurti being hiO feet above the .summer water level uf Ihu 
I lltawa ; tli« Kastern and Western iK-parlmenlal Huildinga builig re- 
spectively {Xi\ and 14:^.1 fuel above thehaine level. 

As originally designed, and ascuinphtud iiji tu the time ul the new 
exleiisiun to Ihe Westi-rn Itluck, the siiperhcial aica cu\t;reil by the 
buildnigs was as follows; I'arliainonl Ihulding, N2,t)Hil superlicial fuel, 
or about 1 \*'W acres ; llaslern liluek, •ll,f<4lt superlicial feet, or lU-'JO 
uf an acre ; and Western lUuck, '^•2,'J7^'t siipeiticial feet, or I. ')•'_*() of 
an acre, aggiegating li»7,lHiL' siipertieial. or ;i.(i acres. The late extun 
siuii uf the Western llluek has addcl 17. IHMI superlicial feelio its area, 
making it the largest of the Uupart mental Ihiildings, and making thu 
'i-ySi't^'ytil*' '"'^'i* I'l the three very nearly J T.'i, 000 superlicial feet, ur 
aliiiust exactly fuur acres. 

The I'arliaiiu'iil liiiilding piuper stands facing Willingtun -^troel, 
al a distance uf (iOO fuel llnirefiom. and ni appiuachcil fium tho main 
gates by bioatl circular drnes. and a very wul'- ami direct luol-walk, 
broken by a laigo and beautiful fountain tn nntti , fidiii which to the 
fuundatiun level of the edilice it asceiid-s by a magnitjceiit (light of 24 
bruad stuiie steps, fruni either side of which fruwii Kussian (i4's taken 
among ihe spoils ut captured Sebastupul. 

Tho Suuthern or main fa.^adu present- a fmnt of 47- lineal feet. 
U is three »toroy> 111 height the basement being above the groiiml 
line ami 47 fcut tu the tu[i uf the main curnice. A oeitain degree of 
regularity piuduced by the belt-cuui.ies a the sills ami spnngiiig hnuH 
.'t the duorsaiid wiml.iw upeiiings of theditleieiu stoii'\.s which divide 
the front into live hori/.unlal bands, is broken by tho piojtctiun of 
seven tuwers with tnincateil tuufs -surmuniited by .unaineiilal 
wruught-iritii work. 

The cuntie tuwer h:e* an altitude of i.*:Ju feet, and asnpurheial area 
of ;to feet Hiniaie, i-xclusivu uf the angle buttresses, whiehaie uf octa- 
gonal fhape, teriniiiating in opun elusteri'd columns, niiiniounted bv 
pinnacles with carved linials. It i.s divided by bell-courses into live 
uneipial vertical spaci's, m the lowesit ui which aie lofty archways 
(embracing the height uf tin- basuineiit and gi'uund liuursj uii tliiuu uf 
Its sides -cuiistrtieted ui 'leeply cut niuuldiiigs, nniehed with carving 
anil ranges uf m.irblo colniuns piojectiug the towers own width from 
thu building, and opening into .1 gr.jund i«oiucu. suHicient tu admit 
the largest carriage, in trunt of the main eiitrancu, with the Kuval 
Arms el.iboiiitely carved over the 'luurway. 

On either side ol the central lovver the main structure uMeiidN InO 
feet, where it connecta with the wings, which are each IL'I (eel lung, 
and have a l';wer carried up at each of the fuur angles shuwn un the 
s.iuthern face. These tuWeis stand 4 feel biyund the general line of 
the face -in range with the front uf the uiigtc-buttresses uf tho main 
tower and are covered liy high-pitched truncated mufs. m eacli side 
uf which are three durmuis surinoiinted by wrouglit-irun terminala, 
the tlat portiuiis uf the roofs being hniahed with deep-blue cresting, 
with the prominent [luiiits gilt. 

In the ivgular part of the farado there are ."'8 eusped opcningB fur 
i windows and doms, batweeii thu arclii'> uf which there aic carved cir- 
cular sunk uriiametitB, with rings of I'.it-dam stunu : while in thu tirst 
llui.r are j:i smaller wmduw openings generally in pairs. In the roof 
of the main |»ortiun are seven durmers and three chimneys un each 
si'le the ceiitr.il t.twer. ami livi; .luinit'rs and twu ehiniiieysin the ruof 
uf each wing, between their^ angle-tuwera. 

On either side the central t.»wer, an<l near the angle formed by tho 
pineiiuii of the mam portion with the wingn. are dunldu llights ut uut- 
side St. .tie siau-s, witii muuided eul-stuiie railings and carved balusters, 
the Kasierii leading tu lliu private entrance b-r Senators, and the 
Wc-tern to that fur members uf the < omitions ; while in the centre of 
(•;uh wing i^. al.su a Ilight uf uiUside sti-ne stairs, with carved balus- 
tia.b-, leading to what are lerni.d the clerks' eiili.'Uices. 

In the toiiith, or largest space or storey of the central tower, are 
two ileeply weathered, niuuhbd, eiirichi-.l, and ornainentally perfui- 
aled belfry winduws uii each side, which bum a .striking feature in the 
Mievati'in of the tuwer, an.l ,'idd greatly tu its general etlect. Over 
these H a heavy uioiildud and enriche'l cuimoe, immediately abuvo 
whhh the angle buttresses aru cajii.e.! by « lu^tered culumns iind pin- 
nacles. Itutweeti these, on ;ill fuur sides, ;irir |i.iinted gables, in whidi 
I arc inserted circular niieniiigs. iii>eribed by [luinted relipving arches 
1 'he g.ibles, pinnacles, etc.. being enriched with erockel<. 

These ciroulai .ipeiiiiiys were designed fur -luck-faces, which design 
■ w.i> carried uiit during th- summer uf |s7,s hy the erection of a 
j m.-ignihcent cluck therein. ;uiding greatly tu the a|ipeftranee. not unly 
I uf thi' central luwer it.sulf, Imt the whule structure . wliilu its great 
'- altitude, and Ihe distance and ease \v tlh which it can be id. served frcjui 
;ill directiuu)*. render it a must useful adjunct to llie biiild.ii'gs, and, 
ind I, the whule city. This clock was manufactured by that cele- 
brated maker, M. t'. L>ent, of !,on.lon, ICnglaml. and coRt. i' 1. en packed 
, fur shipment al his establishineiit, the Mini <if $'ii.;t:^(i.4.i It is an 
I K-day turret cluck, uf the verv bust material and workmanship, and 
I Kcieiililically adjusle-l to the varying and extreme degrees of heat and 
j C'll I, the iiatuial a-ljuncts,.! hitih lal itudea. 

I Kesting u|ion Ihe (op of the liftii, or highest of the spaces into 

; which the main tower is vertically divided, is an eieeedinudy hand- 
! s.uiiu wrought -iiMii railing, fioni the lf>p of which, at regular intervals, 
project elaliorately (inished and hiu'hiy uinaiueiital wrought iron ribs, 
! representing the Imperial ("luvvn ; and. temling tu a comnion euntre, 
tlioy meet at, and f.irm a jiuppon t,,, 1 ho llai,'s(atr which appropriately 
' crowns (he suminil of the lower. 

Having hiielly described Ihe cxierior elevation of (he main front, 
we pruceed t.. the interiur bv the ni.aiii en(ram'e, l.onea(h tlie cen(ral 



i 


i: ■ 



li 



xxn. 



HISTORICAL SKi:r( 



rt 



titwoT; (HI pniniiisr tliroUKh wliicJi wo are ushurt'fl iiitori lofty vgnlilmlo, 

iiu(iiP'irt»''l in tin' OMiitru l»y a c.il'Uiuftdt! "f -taml.-tr.jrif julIarH. 'I'lio 
only wall Kiiiiiiinjut in iln.s •«|i,iiri..u.s aiiti'-fliiuiil'rr i^ a iti.ii^nitiriMit 
liuuiilo litii-'izi' (111 |iaintiini nf tliu lato |i'i|tiiUr ' I<tvuriii»r-<ii-neral, 
L'ir'l Otitronii, itiiiiiuiliati'ty i>|>|itisiti* tliti main t-iitr.-uu't'. 't'lio H>"'i' \a 
of INii'tlaii'l I'liniMiii, ,U)-I trom it ai-jsu^ a low nf ti .'<;iii<lsi<in<' cipIihiiiih, 
iTith »'l:il>-tiatrl\- . iiv<"l i-apilaLs, furnini^' st-vrn ni-'iiMr.! aivln'^, Hii|i- 
(lui'Uiig tin- i-..rn.|i.r wall ah'iv.-. That part nt tin- vi'^iilmii' I'l-yuri.! 
tliu V'lW of pillars iH tiiivt!Htnpihii{lioi'tIiaii tlic part lirMlcntfK'il, ami is 
approiu'liL-i) )iy tin-.-.- lliLrJits nf ^tnno ntop^, lti'twi-rii tlio itlt<-niato 
ilivliuH I'liriiii'l liy tin; lino nf imIuihiih. Tin mv stunr slaiiwayM (<• tlio 
right iiM'l I. '11 h'l.l tn ihr «-uni.l..iH lliruiiuh whu'h aiv apprn."it'ln-.i tin- 
lol.lndM, . ha'iil'i'i.H, urnl IVuttaiiiuiilary nlliccH of tho St-iiatc an'l IlcUx- 
uf iJorninonH -ilu; fornn*r luMnLj to tlui riuht. or in thtt KuHlorii poHion 
of t!io liiuMin.,', and tlu? laltor to t,hf h-tt, nr Wi-Htorn. Ainoni,' these 
ollk'.M, the ehief on eithtir .-ti.h- is the I'.nt otii.-e, one f'>r .m.Ii jtoiise 
uf I'arliaiiu'iil, an>l <Mi-h ^litiiati' I >>\i (he Honiii n| tlio central main 
extensioiiH, east an<l uv-t, an>l imme-tialely oppD.sile to ihe II. ills of 
thu SuuaLi> anil l[uu,seof ( 'onunotiH rospeufively. 

Thu two pni-iion> of rlio ltnil<lin;(s, Kant aixl We.-.l. aio alninnt 
uxactly Hihiilai- tlii'nii^'hont -the >>iie e'lntaininu wait iiiu ro<>nis, eoin- 
iuitt»te-i"'»o(iH. ii'linnu'-i"oin-i. rea-liiiy roi.Hiv sinokiii',' r-'-'UM. ete. .ete. , 
toi^ether With llo' oHiees .if the many .-iikI varmMs ollieiats, eletks, 
luos'iuniit.'r.H, ell!., uto., eonriei're.l with tlie Sen.ite ; the other I'ontani- 
U tho same for iho lloiHe of rMinnions ; tho liaHonn-nt or i^ronml 
..o'U' lieiie^ oci'Mpit'.l with vaults for the .sloraLfo of Parliameiilary 
UoL'-irts, 'Mi'in'ieri* refreshinent rooms, llie maehinery ami appaiatn?* 
fur healuu an I \ eiitilatin,', ,slorai;e loanis for stores, fuel, i-te., mes- 
aon^ors' rooms, anil apai'tmetil-t for tho lar^o foreo of elmrmeii ami 
ohirwumen ivuisLantly r.-ipuivil for a variety <if purposes in an«l aliuiit 
thu huililint^. 

In the rear i-'ontral jx-rtion of the 'uiihlini,' in Ihe t'ourt Uoom of 
the Supreme Court of Cana.la, a very lar-^e, expensively tini-heil. ami 
ole,jantly furni-hed apartment, wliieh ivas formerly nseil as tho I'ar- 
liaiuuntary LiUrary until ihe ma'^niheent now Lihrary wan eoiiipletotl. 
Ailjacont tn this are the various noees.sary privati- apartment-' for 
•Iiulijos ami ntlieials eonneeteW with (lie ''oiirt. 

'I'ho Chamhers of tho two Ijoit.sesol Parliament - thou,L;h tho prin- 
ctpat se{>arato ilivisio:).-) i>f tho entire hiiitiliiiL;. as well as those in 
whicti are eenlreil h\ far Iho i,'ri'ite.st general interest have Keen h-fl 
tu tho last. Kaoh of these ehamhers has an exti-nt of H'_'\ ITi feet, Iho 
same iliinonsi'>in as the lirilish House of iVors. riioy are aUo alike 
ill 'le.si.,'n, tinish, ami i^onoiai appearanee tho only ilillereni e lieiin; in 
the interior arramj;'-nn nt ami relative p.isitions of Spt-iker ami Sena- 
tor^ in tho one, an<i Speaker ami Menihers in the nlher. A -hort 
tleseri|)tion of thu appeaiance of tho I'liamhor of I he t'ouinions thu 
po|inlar l>r:inoh of I'arlianiunt will thiu-efore answer lor hoth. 

A^ aliove 'tatetl, this ( ■iiuiiil'or is ^'Jxl') feet lonyesi iiortli anil 
Rnutli. The main eniranco (of which there are live) opens olf the 
north aiot squill eoni<ler, riuHiin.; aloiti; its e.-islern sith-. liiiiiio<li 
ateiy u|iposite to this, in tlio oxtri'ine wesi of tho ( 'hatnliir, aixl faeim,' 
tho east, sits I hu Speaker, Thu iipeii space hotween these two points 
is ealleil tho "thmrof tho Moiiso," aii<l is IC fool in width- on either 
side of which, ami facing each other, are cjonlilo rows ofniomlu'is' 
seals, raise. 1 l.cr ahove tier, an<l wiih aisles lictwcen each row. 

t'iio " V:\v .-;' the House" is .1 .-.li^'htly raiso.l circular staiul, 
rcsoiuhliin; a winiesH staml, near tho main untranee of tho ('liami>er, 
iicirly surr.enhio.l, waist-high, with iiighly iiolishetl ami (U-ninnetitai 
iuetalii<: i,Miarils. 

The Clerk of tiio Mouse sit-= at ataMeoiUhe *' floor of the House," 
iiiiiMuiliafol\ in front of the Speaker -his ilutios being iterforim-tl hy 
two assistant-. 

Anuui'l the whole area of Ihe i 'liiunhir massive walls aro earrieil 
to the hi.i.;lu of U\\ feet from the level of the main U^'or, where they 
are 'livi.lu'l iiy m.iihlo pilasters intit live hays each on the east ami 
west siiles. ami into thit-e eacli on the north and s<inlli. These 
pilasters It-rminati^ al the height of therailing along the front i»f the 
galhry ; a prop-eiin- eomii'o of polisheil marhio exlethU hotwoon 
t.'ieiri, on a level with ihi' gallery Hoor, roinnt the whole Chamher, 
and upon ih-in rest einsicred marlile cohnmis, uith carved cipitals, 
from which spring pointe<| anhi-^, reailijng m-arly to the ceiling, 
which is hori/.oiitil 4ri fttui ahove the ll.nr of iho House and the 
principal sou'veof light to the Inteiior, hy means ot its open roof of 
elahorately c irved tiinhcr and hoantifulty staintMl glus; while mul- 
li'-iiod witidous also open from the gallery, which sets tiaek I'chind t he 
ar.he-i a(i?»ve-meationed, and oxionds to ;i distance of I J\ feet imme- 
diately over the -round-lloor ciUTidors, ;iround ihe whole" (.'hamher. 

The gi lu.-ral plan of t!ie galleries istha! "f successive roWs of ?*e;tts 
fjverloi.king each otliur from rear t.t fr-uit, ilivided into a nuinln-r of 
oo|ii|,,,i-tnijnts, oppo-ite tlie pilasters on which tho aroints rest, dosigm-d 
for as many dilforeiit servioes, and approachid liv separate entfauees. 
'I'hesu variou-' divisions are nam-d i-e-.|iecti\'oly tin; Sp.;iktu-'s (Jallery, 
the Senators' (ialleiy, the Ueporters' Uallery,'the Ladies' (iailery, and 
the i'lihliu (iailery -which names sullicieul ly t.'\emplily their .sovor.d 
Hpeuial uses. 

tiunoially speaking, the chief leiUures of the intiu'ior anr cli.irac- 
turistie <if the style of .-irehitecl ure in which th'- iMidlitiu' is con- 
^trii.-iuil -ihe many altr.ictive leaLnres and peouli iritie-j uf uhichare 
artistically carried into tho most minute details; whihthe siudetil of 
thu hue arts can uujny tho richest treat in tho contemplation of the 
niagnilicunt lile-si/,e oil paintings, from artistn of tho highest iin-rit, 
ul the principal (loverii'U's, Statesmen. . Indices, an<l I'-dilieiaiis wlm 
have i-iv -PI laws, hter.iture, and a history to t.!an ida fMui its earliest 
puriod to the [present da\ , which adorn 1 he walls of tlie coriidiu*-. sni- 
roinoling h'lth Le'.;islativuC'hainl)ers, an<l are at all times opun to puh- 
lic in^puetion. 

The hoaiirig, ventilalion, wafer and g.is supply, sewerage, ami sys- 
toiu o| interc<>[iMiLuni<'ai ion liy means of m^adatois ami electric helU. 
each forms an intorostiug sulpjecl, and well worihy of further remark 
than wc can po-sihiy lluvoie to it in the hrief space at our eonnnand. 
Sutlicc to say that eacli of tho ahovo ple|partmouts is sui.plieri with the 
in'p-'t apiprov.'d methip.ls ktiotvii to mp'dern science, which eomlpine to 
make the I'arliamcnt I'lUiidings luie of the most e<>mp!ele piihlie 
editices, in all its ildails, which has ever yol heon iipiistrucleil ; 
and these remarks apply oqiially to the Departmental Ituildings, to 
which the various systoims aUo o.xtond, and wliicli we will now 
briefly iiotico. 

oi the hKi'Aur.Mi-ixrAL lUui-hi.Niis, the Ka-stkIIn Hi-ook, fnun an 
archilocturat point uf viuw, was pussihly thu mu»t ailrncbive^aa it wan 



I aUo tho larger till tho cipmplctiou of thu now 

I recently ellVcled. This dltlenuier I- not lau-e 
.i(.'//< ipf iirchitectuie which is precisely tin; 

I a more freipn-nt recurrem-e of lowers, pripje* 

' piu'tii-oes which hroak tho main line ipf tho Ka-i« 

' lU'ii fa'.ades. The Itneal moasnremeiits o| tin 

, this Mock are ;tl!l toet on the ipiadrangle. or 

! L'll" feet on the \Vellitlgl"li Street, or Si.iithet 

^ tuitram.'*' is from WellinglonSt., underlhi'main 

: aliudo of the iMiihling, wliieh is approached lp,\ 

' steps, 'Jl f.'ft lu-ppad. Tin- " < ;..\,.rm>r-(ienei. 

ceiilrei.i the Western front, facing the s. plan 

itago porch slamtmg "Uil Is leel from the geto 

' out freosioiiu. having threi' arched openings . 

! which is a ploorway, atid e.arriau'o archways oi 

, faci's. npeiiing into a groined arched c:niiagi' 

ar<'h< s isa peiiiimiil on winch the Itoyal Ann 

I ,ind Ill's is sur unted hy an Don terminal. 

I lie oiitralices to the huiidiiig, one near the 
I face, the other iioartlie Nortlh'rii ond nf the W 
The main Inwi-r, on tin- Soiithwe-I corner. Ii 

The J.'Wer suet loll contains a \eiy large n 

of winch the pnu's are larrie.l up \ertuall\ 
plinth t<i that of the sIrniL'-course surroiin.ji 
Hpritf^^ing lino of ihe ground Ihpor opetiin:; 
heavily weathiu'oil, and ciuisfrurted of t-nt-sto 
the stniij c >iU'se at the springing lino of the 
fr(Uii (Ins a i|oul)le arch I'f L'l feet span is e.i 
rofuss. Krom (his point tho lower is carriopl ii{ 
of Tili feet ahovi- tlie grounti surface, wlnu 
occurs, reilucjrig its dimensions too't fei't wpia 
wi'h ii'-rpciidicnlar --idei ami nioiiMed coriiet- 
I .'Mlfeet. wln-re a heavily piojeeting ciprniet*. H' 

and from this thetr -ated roof extemis aiiotle 

l»y two rows of dormers on each siih*. This r. 
I'lli feet al'ipve the gioiiml surface, is erowiieu 
niinal "tip feet in height, the top of whii-h has.. 
; of L'l Ml feet. 

This I. lock at pre-ent contains the (iovenioi 

I'rivy I'lpuncil t 'hamher. ami all tne nllu-es corn 

I inents of Slate. Kinaiice. iJceti ver-( lemral, Cur 

; Interio'v ami dustice. 

Tni: \Vi:sTi:itN Itl.noK has a Suulhern froiita 

ton Street, of 'J~J feet, and an Ka'tern fr«>iita.; 

feet ; theWesttirn, including tlio new exlensi. 

nearly ilouhle tho liasteru. The main luitraii' 

Street, up a lu-oail tlight of stone steps t.i tli 

thetiee across tho main drive and up a llighi 

staii-s converging upon aluoad platform. (lank- 

and partially co\erei| l'\ an eiirit'hed hateony jn 

corlpols. Ni-ar till- centre uf the Ka-t face, op]. 

( lonorarH I'aitraiiee" aefipss tho Stpiaro. and vJ 

: groiiieil entrance ]>orcli, sup|»ortod on pillars un| 

: in \\hich an- sti'i'^ leading to theihior. This [p< 

fo|- lii^hl in its North ami Suulh sides, aiul "Vti 

lluu'e is a peilunentcd gal'le in which the loi 

The lino is hroken Uy nine distinct areas along t 

If.J feet of tho Snutherti end is ipccupieil 

of the Soutli-easI angle-tower and jpi-ojecti.i 

front. The remaining i;>7 foul are tiaiil 

, coes of L'l feet each, projcetnig ti foot heyoud 

tho centre there is u :itoot projection (7 fed huii 

I this adistance of '^,'1 feel projecting '.i feet fiirt 

, angto-projcct ions at either end ; ami from the 

named [ir-jccts tin; archcil i-iitranee-portico ahov 

Since the completion of the new wing of tl 

Western face is hy far the timst front. Itsi-xio 

tho immediate direction of lion. Alo\. Mackeii/ 

Works, mainly for tlie aciipmniodation of the 

fpurenienis of his Hepartmenf. in conse-puuiee 

for clerical ami profi'^siona! puUlie olliceis caused 

oils magnitude .if the tiiter'-«ts .iitrusleil to it, w 1 

largely swelled hy the responsihilily of the mat 

colonial Uailway, the enlar'^cmont of the whole t' 

and the coii-iruelionof tliol 'aiiada I'acilii' liailwa< 

Its niiigniliceiH central tower, the tlnest heyiuid 

many tpoaulifnl Ioui-r> which form pari of the p 

a monument to the poliiiea) and de[iartupe)ital rii 

made in the truest sunsi' -pf (he w.prd. who^e h 

, supori'pr ahility r.iise>| him from the posiii.m of a 

I to In- mister of the destinies of a great ami pov* 

The -upi-riieial area of llo- new i\teu-ion 1 

making the area "pf the entire W.->lein hlock .Ml, I 

I ;fjii acre-. Tliis furuidics o-^ addition, i| oili 

>lMreys, hi-^idis U» in the Ipa-ciiieut. 

ThiMif.-htlectural charadeii-tics of the cMpm 
; thoM-of 1l1cori4i11.il l.iiildiug, two ..f th,- ii\, m. 
i iiPiii! lin.'-of the general -m rnal cl-'Valions Iteiti 
I hoth ; while the interior arrangements jire eve 
I those p)f the Uopartnip-iital Uuiidiugs, as ori;;iiiaII 
! regani 'o the si/u an.l coitvetiiein'e of thoiplliees a 
tilatioii and lo-aMiig, tiie laKer run-lion heiiig po 
known a* " diict ladiation. ' 

The main lower of tin- extension, which has In 

I'crring the /n-< .><//'/< of the Departmental Uuildiu; 

. theWeMern HI.p."k. is situate in th.- ceiilic of tin 

era front, having a grouiipl area oj ;',:,! x \\) 

oclagoiial aiiL;le-lurrei -. and projfcting also e> 

' turivl^ H; het hovond llie general fai-o of Ihe hi 

The ni;«.>oniy of Hi.- t'.ui-r is laiil in six >tage 

I the hase-coiirse,anil ha\iii,.' '\iiliiiiit, on tho Wes 

llii^ht of entrance steps'. Th- -ecomi ^tagecont.i 

' over the entrance to wlii'h 1- an elahotalely < 

' Canadian .Vnii-. A door I'lom the ve-tihtile lead 

tut rets, up which a eiiciilar m-n Ntaiiway as*. 

1 olHc.*, in tlie thiiil >lage of Iho lower, which isLM 

i a larg'* "U'iel window ill front. In aihlitioii to t 

, thin window, there are twip -.mailer oiics in llip' n 

I sidu and two iu ouch ul' the aiigle-turrcts. 



KICAL SKKTCII OF THE 



•^cr till tliii ei>ni|ili'li"ii of tliu new wiuK In llii' Wu^tnrii, Imt 
iii'ti-'il. 'riiisiliU'i'i'iMifi' ii iMit i:iin«ui| liy liny 'lilli'ivicfu ill till) 
■iiili'cliiiu wliuli it |iii'fiHuly lliu MMiiii' III fiicli i'Ut liy 

.|l|l'llt l-I'LMinVlll'.- "f Ic.HMlll, lUlljULllMllS, Illlll'llllllhlllS, mill 

hirli Iri-i'uk till- iii.iiii III fllii' Kii~luni, WrstiTiMiiul .S.mlli- 

1, 'I'llr hlU'.ll lllril^linill.llls mI llir IHi. |.rilll-ili:il fl-nlltn (.f 

iin- :)lll tiM'l Ill' .|iiii.iraiii,'li-, "I- \Vi-.tini ili'Viiti iiinl 

till' \Vi'lliin!l"ii iini't. 1.1' Sciiitlii'm I'lt'Milinii. 'I'lii' ii..iiii 
In. hi \Vi'lliiii,'l..iiSt., uiiili'i'llii'Uiiiiiil'.WL'i', ill tlii'S..iitli-Hi'»t 
I.' i.iiil.liiiL;, wlii.'li is ii|.|.i'..,iilii.'.l l.y 11 l.r..:i.l lliulil ..f »l..iii! 
■I'l lir.iii'l. 'I'll.' " li.i\ii'ii..r-(i.'iii'nirH Kiiti'iiiii'u" in in tin.' 
Ill' W.'st.'rn Ir'.nt, fii.'iiiL! tlirs.|iiiir.'. It I'l.iisista ..f ii ciii-- 
1 Sinn. lull,' ..III I'- li'i'l fi'..iii llii",'i'n.i-,'il liin', wlii.'li i.i limit ..I' 
lu', liiivinii tliii'i' .'ir.'lii'.l ..].i'ii!n;^M "ii tli.' W'.'st tiu't', ..lu' ..I 
, .l....r«iiy, iiii.l I'liii'iM'.'i' lU'i'littiiy » mi tin' N'mtli iiii.l .S.nilli 
111:,' ini..'ii ^'r..iiii'.l lui'lii'.l .■:iniii.,'i' | .. .i-l ii,'. .. ( )\i'i' tin: ti'..iit 
l.i'.liiii.iil ..II hIii.'Ii till' l!..yal Aniii an' i^liili.ii'iituly curvi'.l, 
miri iiiti'.l l.y :iii ii..ii ti-niiiiial. TIh'I'i' iiri' Iw.. ..tlicr piili- 

I'll., til.' I.llli.llll^, i.llr II. ill' till, ii'lltll! Ill' till' S.iilllli'l'n 

Ili.T iii'iirlli.' N..|tli,'ni I'll. I i.f ilii' Wi'sl.iii fill','. 

nil t'.w.'f. ..n till' S..iitli-\vt'-t .'. ii'iM'i'.liiiH a liiirti' :iti fculsiiimrt'. 

H.'('ti..ii i'..iiiiiiiis a \t*iy lar'41' r.'.'.'ssi'.l \viii.l..\v, ..ii I'itln-i' .ii.li. 

till' |.H'r» al al-rii'.i ii|. Mitn-ally li- llir li'Vi'l ..f lln- 

llial ..f till' fiti'inL,'-i-'.iii-.i' ,Hui'i'..iiii.liiiL,' iIh' l.iiil.lin:,' at tli.- 
litii' ..I' till' ui'..iiii.l 1I....I' I'ltciiiiiiiH, fr.iiii wliifli tlu'y ari' 
■atliL'ii'il, an. I o..iistriH'ti'.l ..f rut Htiiiii' w.ii'k I., tin' liui;,'lit .if 
.'.iiirsi' at till' M|.i'iiiu'inu' lini' nf tli.' tirst tli.nr win.l.iwH, an. I 
, .l.iiiliU' ari'li "f 'Jl f.'i'l ^inn ii iMrrinl ..i.t tin' win.!.. w 
I'.. Ill I Ilii [...lilt till' t.tw.'r II .'arri.-.l il|. M-rlii-ally I., tlii' lu'iLjIit 
111. ..VI' till. '^.r..iiiiit siirfai'.', wlii'i-i-i almtlu'r wi-atlii'l'i'il ..ll'.-ii't 
II. 'int. it.s .liiiii'nii..iis 1.1 :.ii fi'i't Ki|n!ire. It is tlii'ii I'ari'it'il. 
'liilii'iilal' li'li'.i an. I in..iiM.'.l I'.tflHMs. a fiirflii'i' .listaiu'i. of 
i.Ti' a licavily pi'..ii'i'tiii.4 i-'.i iiii'i'. In ft'i't Iliirk, inti-ivi'in-s : 
Ins tli.'triiliiali'.i i''...f I'XIi'ii.li ali..tlii'r :M tVil, ,in.l i^li^'liti'.l 

,'s .if .l..riiii'1's ..II I'arll ii.li'. 'I'lill 1 f, wlllill l.i tlli'1'i'f..r.' 

i.ivo till' j;r.>iiiiil Hiii'I'at'f, ii crowmiii liy a vvrnii^^Iit-ii'iii, tiT- 
L'L't in liei;4lit, tin' t<i|i ..f whirli liascnn.it'i|Ui'iitly an altitmU' 

'iL'k at i.rii>rnt t'.intaiii.i llii' (i..vi'rni.i' (ii'iioi-al's .illiiiei, tliu 
iifil t'liainlu'r, anil all tin. "tlii'i'i c..nnt.'i'ti'.i vvitlithi' l)i'|iiirt- 
itati', I'Miiaiu'i'. Ui'ir.'i\i'l-lii'li. r.il. ( 'ilit..iiis, I nlan.l Ki'vi'iiin', 

II. I .llHti.l'. 

l>Ti:i:N ISl.ii K liai a S..11I lii'i'ii fmntai;.' |.al'alU'l ti. Wi'llinu'- 

c.t '.'TT f.'.'t. an. I all Ka-l.Tli fn.lita- I ill.' .S.|iial'i' ..f '.'JU 

\\i'it..i'ii. iii.-lii'iiti'^ till' n..\v i'\ti'iiii..n, liaviii^ a fl-.tntiiLii. 
Iilu till) I'l.ist.'i'ii. 'I'lio iiiiiin I'litrani'u in fri.in Wt'llin^tnn 
a lir.iail lli|,'lit iif stmii' iti'|is In tli.. li'it'l nf tliu Si|iiui'i', 
1.11 tlic main .Irivii ami u|. a tti'^lit ..f i.'iiii-i'ii'i-nlal' ^t..iii' 
.■r:,.iiiL; upon a In. .a. I |.l.ill..riii, ll.inki'.l l.y I'lil it. mi' pillai'i, 
liy .■.'lur.'.l l'\ an rnrii'lii'-l l).ili'"ny |.r..jf.-ti.>ii iiij»[i..rti:.l l.y 
s.'ar tin. L'l.ntrii ..r till' l''.a-t fai'ii, i.|.|...>iti) tin* 'Miuvul'liul'- 
l-inli-aiicu" ui'1'..is till. .S.)iiai-i., anil vi'l'\ lilnilar t." it, ii a 
traiu't' ]...ri'll. sni.jt.irti'.i ..n [.illalM « itii anarcliuay in fn.iit, 
I'l' slr|.'- I. ',1. till'.,' t.. till' .l.."l'. 'I'lii.i [...I'tii'.. liai small ali-lii'i 
il.i N..rlli aii.l S..iitli li.li'i, an. I ..vi'l' tlii' I'l'iur.' arrliuay 
li.'.limi'lit''il uai.l.' in wliii'h tlii' U.iya! -Vriiii ari) oai'Vuii. 
l.i'..ki'ii l.y iiiiii' .listini't aiuai al.»ii'.< tliii fi'.nii. ai f.illowtt ; 
f till' .S..iitlii.'1'n rii.l ii ..i'.n|iii'.| l.y a y\<h- .'l.'vali.iii 
illli-i'ail aiii,'k'-l..wt'l' anil pl'..jiic'ti.tll nil llii- S..iitlii'rii 
i-uinaiiiiii',' 1117 fi^Dt iiri' llanki'il liy tw.. p..rii- 
fi'..'t rarli. pi-'iji'i'tin'^ t. f.'i't in'y.in.l ilii' .^'in.'l'al lilii'. In 
li.'i'i' ii a :it....t pi'.iji'.'ti.ni 17 ffi't i.. 11'.,', ami in tlir ini.l.llu i.f 
..f '_'.'i fui't pi'..ii'i'liii'4 :i f.'L.t fiii'tliia- 1.. till' liiii'.if till' 
'ti.iiii at t'itlit'r .'11.1 ; ami frniii tin' t'l'iitro ..f tliii lait - 
ti till) ar.'lii'.l .'iitrani'i'-p.irli.'.. aL.ivi' ik'nrril.i'.l. 
u.iiiipli.'ii..ii ..f till' iii'W will',' .if till' U'.'iti I'll IM..ck, till' 
ii liy far llii' limit fi'-.nt. lis i'Xtrli>i..li wai iiia.li' nn.liT 
111' .lii'i'Diiiin ..1 II..11. .Mi'X. .Macki'iizii', Miniitci' ..f I'lilili.' 
ly f.n" till) ai'.'.iiiiiii«..lati.iii ..I the lapiilly incfi'iisin;,' ri'- 
f ilii Iti'parltiit'iit. in r'iiiii'.nu'iiL'r ..f tin- I'xtr.-i .IciiiamU 
1 pr.ifi'-iit.na' pni.lii,' ..tll.'i'lM cailn'.i l.y tlii' all'i-a.ly ^■ll..rlll- 
l|•..f till' inl.'r"ili.iiinlili''l 1.. it, wliuli w.i'i' ..f lati'Vi'als 
II. '.I l.y till' ri".|...iiiil.iiily ..f tin' iiialiaui'iiii'iit ..f tin' liiliT- 
ilway, till' I'lilarLJC'lin-Mit i.f tllt* wll..l.' Canailiail t 'anal lystt'lii, 
1 I'l lt'li..||..f till' t 'ana. la I'ai'itii' li.iilway . 'This i'\t.-nsi..ii.\vitli 
111 i-.'iiti'al t'.u.'i'. till' tiiu'it l..'y..ii.| lumpaninn .-f all tlir 
ifiil l..\v.-r> wiii.'li f..riii pari ..f lli.' piit.li'' l.ilil.liiiu'i. -t.iiiiU 
I I., till' p..liln;,il ami .li'|.arlii.inlal I'lili' ..f a Stati'iliian -I'lf- 
triii'it .st'ini. .if ill.' w..i'.l. wli'iiu liLiii'ity, iiniiistry, lui.l 
lily raisi'.l liilii fr.ilii tin' p..iiliiin .if a Dnniln.in il.nin-inai.in 
1 till. .Iritinii's ..f a 1,'ri'at ami |..tlvi'rfiil natii.n. 
lliiial il.-.i .'f 111.' n.'W .M.ii-i'.ii i~ IT.Muii s.piar. I.i-l, 
n'a .if tin- I'liliri' \Vi-ii.'ni i.|...k .'.11,1711 l.-.i, ..r .1 iiilli' ..vi-r 
Tiiii I'lU'iii-li.'i .'i*' a.|.lili..ii.il .illi.'i-^ III till' iliico iippt-r 
lis It) in till' l.a^i'iimnt. 

l.'.tiii'a! .'Iiaia.-l.'ii-lli'i ..f till' i'\l. -11,1. .11 .'[..'.'ly .ippr.ia.-li- 
'luiii.il l.iiil.ini,.;, t\\" ..f llif iivr ni.iikf.i I1..1 i/..iital .ii\ i>- 
t ill.' ','i'mnil 'At rnal t'l.'V,ili..iii l.i'iii:,. i.ti-iiii, .il tlil..il;^ll..ilt 
till' inli'iii.r ariaiif^i'tiK'iiIs an* I'Vi.ii an iiiipi.ivi'iiii'nt i.ii 
I >.'[.. ii'lni.'ntal lliiil.linui, as ..ri;;in.illy i'..iwtniitL'.l, I... thin 
. ,' iili.l I'l.liv.'lii.-m-.' ..f till' i.llii'i.i ami liii' nii'lii...l ..I' v.-ii- 
I'lii,:, til.' lull. 1- Inn ti..ii l.i'in;; pui'l'nrini'.l l.y tin' -y.-iiin 
lii.'''l i.i.liati..n. ' 
1 i.m.'i- 111' till' .■\iiii*i..n,\\lii.'li lias ln-t'ii III.- nii'aiis i.t ttaii-- 

,'. .'1;/. ..f ill.' I>.'|.arliii.iilal liliil.lili;.,'^ I'r tin' Ka-l.-ni t.. 

Ill.>.'k. is siliiati' in ill.' .'until' ..I' tin- i-iiliii' liiii.~ln'.l U'.-.si- 
aiili^ a ','r..iiliil ai-.'a nl' 'A-1 x -It) li'L-t, t'.M-lliiivi' ul tiv.. 
i^li'-hiri'.'i*. ami pr...j.'eliii,i; aim I'M'Iinivi' nf lli... alinii' 
■I't l.i)\..ii'l ill,' ^.'m-ral I'li'i. i.r till' l.iiil.liiij;. 
iiiy 111' 111. ■ t. .«.'!■ ii lai.l ill -ix -la:^.'^, tin' tii'sl lii'iiiK liijlow 
.-.', .111.1 iiaviii..' 'lilliin it, .111 till' U'l'.ii.'in liil.', tin' priii.'ipal 
rami' .sti'pi. Til' ii'i'i.mi stii.i;!' i'..iitaini till' j,'iiiml vi'>til.iili' 
Kaliui' t.i wlli'li 1- an .'lali..ralily .arv.-.l pi'lnlrlil nf tin' 
III-. .\ .l.i.ir I1..1.. lln- v.'-tiliiili' l.a.U iiilii .nil'..! tli.'i'..rii. r 
iilii.li a .'ii.'iilar 11. 'ii -lairuay .iii.'n.l* to lln' .Ministi-r, 
iliir.l slim'.' "'' till' l.'W.'r, nlii.'ii isL'n \ .HI l.i'l, I'X. Iiisivi' ..f 
»iml..\viii Ininl. In a.l.liti..ii tn tliu li^lit riiriiisln'il l.y 
Ilium ari' tw.. siiiallur miui in tliu main l..'.ly. ..n.'.ni uai-ji 
. in .'auli i.t' tliu aii^li'-tiiriuti. The uriu! nimluw ii 



uorliolluil nut I'roiii the I'liro nf tliu wall l.y 11 mti't'ssion of ri.'li imml.liti^;-. 
ami ha- tnliinini Willi iaive.| .ap- nml i^ianile -liall~ lalweuii lln: wimiuw 
i.pi'iiiii;,'s. -iip|..ii'tiim' ri.lilv 111.. mil.. I aiiln-, Ihu »li..liJ ..'.iveiv.l »itli an 
i'lali..ral.. unnin'.' ami r....l, sinim.milu.l l.y nnlal , r.'iliii;^. 'I'liu Lnnlh 

sliiKu i-ali..ali ..lli.u, ..p.liiln,' In- lulitlal n.i 1 l.li.r. Tl.u lillli ali.l 

.-ixlh sia-.» havu -tiiiill ..putiiny- ami lu..im.» 11..I sin'. tally iiiiln lal.lu 
ux.'.pt 111 u..iiiiietiii|i with 111.' ;.'.ni Till miil.iiiiiil) i.l an liilu.liiial ili'-ij<ii' 

'I'll.' -ixth sla;;.' ha- six l.il^:.' .I..l|l.l.' Ira.'. mil «iml..«-. 1». uitln 1 

Hank, ..iiu in fr.'iit ami in i.''.r, lliu -p.imliil- ..I wlii.li .nu lill..l 

wilh .iirviii;,'. .\l.'.v.' isahu.uily im.iil.l.'.l ami .'..il.ulli'.l u..iiiii'.'. I1..111 
whiih rin'" ill I'miit a •■iii.li' i'r...'kulli'.| ami piniia.lu.l, . ..iiliiiiiiii;, a n.-u 

win.L.w iiii.l with ii eiestiii;; ami liiiiiil-. I'liu piNiiiiuh- uilwiiiii); lln' 

...'l.i-'iiial an-le L.ttuisiiiu i.f l..'.iiililiil i|u-i,.;ii. ami I1..111 f.'iimliiti'.n n. 

-niiimit ll aiii;|.' tnwur-. unii.in.l al uniy -ta^u li\ ..iii.ii.- w iii'l..» - 

ami ilaliiiialu .arvin. , pn-unt a iimsl pl.-asiii^: ..iitiinu win. Ii inlil- v.i.i 

I .'h 1.1 III.' Keiieiiil ulleit lint "iilv ..I tin' mail, t.iwur, lint nl lliu win. I. 

Weslui'ii I'miil. Tim in.iiii tnwur in.il i'..ii-i-tn nf ihu'u -taxu«, lliu .nitur 

I'll','.' i.r ua.h -11.' lili'.^ -ti'^.' pi..j.'.'lili',' l..'yiili'l th.' t.ip I.r thai Inxt 

l..'l..w. Th.'V ar.' all a.l..riii'.| l.\ n.Ws ..f .1. rim r- ..11 rv-rv m.|.', -111- 

iii..iiiitu.ll.v «r..iit;lit-ii..ii' ru-iili;,'. Tliu 1 ( tiaiiiu i- ,ill i.l ir..ii,siippli.'.| 

h\ till' U'..'lii-lur N.V.) l!riil«u ami It \V..|'ki, all lliu lusl nl lln 

w..rk aii.l nialuriali, I'vuupl t I'-lraiiiui, li.'iiiK siippliu.l in I 'amnliaii 

u..iiti,i,i.,ri. Tin- l.iwur sla-.'.' ..I tin' L.w.'r i...if i- u..i-.'r.'.l with -hilu, 

tl III. 'I tw.i -111.'. - will pp.i, ami til.' vvli..li' i- ir.ivinu.l l.y «i..ii-lii- 

in.iiuiu-lim.; ami liiiial-. Tliu liuii^iit I1..111 lln' luv.'l ..I lli.' pav. imiit n. 
till' uxtri'iiiitv .1 tlii'liiiial siirni..iiiiiiiii; tliu i.i.il i- -7 I luul n. lln- pu.ik 

nf Ihu I I' i'tsulf, i:i:i luut. Tli.' ),'r..iinil luv.l Imi.' i-. :iiiruul hnierllian 

thai .,r till' rarliainuiit liilil.lili;; ; -till lliu I..vm'| ■■( tliu I lupai I lii.nl il 
IJiiil.lin^' i- .n''in'//.( :il luul lliu hii-huM, anil n '.i/i.. 'y .x. ■.■.■.!- 11 l.v an 
..it;t...i. . !■ •. . 1..... ' 



' WuSl- 



allitii.l.' ..r .•i4 l.'.'t. 

The IJ.iveriini.'iit I>.'p.irliii. lit- wlii.li liavu tli.ir ..Hi.-.'- in tiiu \\ ui 
urn Hlni'k in-u, I'nl.li.' \V..rks, I'.i-I lilli.u. .Militia ami llil'i'iii'.', .Marin. 
11ml Kislii'ii.'-, ami .\i(ri. iilliiru. T.. tins latl.'i I i.'|...itniiiit 1- alia. In . I 

til.' I'al.nt llHli'.-, wiii.li has a r in lln- l.iiil.limj . ..iitainim,' sp.'.i- 

imn-, ..11 tliu |ilali I.f 111.' .\iiiuri.ili I'aluiit t'tli.-.', Hlii. h i- ihu I si in 

Ihu wnrl.l. Tin- l-'aiia.liaii I'ati'iil IHIi.'.' iiiw ii.iiliiiiis sunral lli.nisaml 
-puuimuns I.f II-. fill ami intuiu-tiii),' patunte.l iiivuiilinir-, ami tliu iminl.ui 
is l.uiin; -t.', I. lily aituiiii'iit.il. 

Wu iiiiL,'lii hull' ni.'iiii..ii that all lull Ihuiippur slnreys ..full th.' piihli.: 

I.ml.liiit.s iii'.'al.-..liilul\ lir.'-pi ( in tlnin-.'ln'-, iinlwillistainliiii! \. liiuli, 

lliu]...siiliilily nf ii.-.iih'iil aim.n^,. surli a Vii-t mass I.f papur- ami li,...k- 
ai nil iilini.sl i'Vuiy ui.riiur tlin.iii,'li.iiil tliu uiitiru i-lal.li-himiits, lumlur 
pi'.'.'.iiili..ii iii'i'..isary, ami lliu iii..-t appi..vu.l lii.' .xlinijiii-hiin; .q.p..r- 
atii- i- at liaml, al -linrl iiitunals, tlii.iii|,'li..iil .-v.-rv . i.iri.h.i .'I .ill In.' 
I.iiil.liims. 

TiiK l'.\iii.i.\.Mi:sTAKV LiiiiiAKV is 11 pall ..f th.' I'arlianiuiit lliiihiinu, 

liuiliL,'iitiiat.'.| in tliuri'ar..r tliu uelitle i.f Ihu I ■unlral lil.'.k. ami 1 • 

nuutuil with It l.y a ...luru.l aruhway ..I n'li.l inai.iiiry. Uliuiii.r 
jii.l','i'.i ti'.'ni its aruhituuinral l.uaiily. its iiiii.|iii' .lu-ti^n. iii j.urfu. 1 
iiiii'ri..r an. I i'Xiuri..r tiiiish: its siipurinr e.. inf.. it ami u'lnural uxui'lluin'.' 
of iii:ina'.^i'liieiit ami .lutail: its iiiaiiy tti..ii-aii.li..f liaii.ls..liiuly I.. .ilii.l ami 
jinlii'ioiiily si'li'utu.l w. tiki. .11 uvury i'..in'1'ivalilu iiil'ji'ul ; i.r tliu spleii - 
iliil fa.ilil'iui il iitl'.'i's fruuly ami flu.' t.. tliu -tmluiil ami /i/(. ,■../. ".. 
it it.iii.l- nnrivalli'il .'ii tin' .•■.ntinunl ..f .Vnn'i-iua, ami is pr,.l.;:l.|y ..nu 
of till' linust |.iil.lie lil.rari.'s in ihu M..rl.|. 

liufol'u .lus.riliini; tliu l.il.rary as an ../in.'., we will l.riully rufer to 
it.H history ill an .iisiiVi./m.h. I'r..iii a rupoi't of .Mr. l''..lliur','ill to Ihu 
Let^iilature. ilatu.l Kul.rnary loth, I.S07. wu lualli that it w.ii oi'Lian- 
i/.u.l in ISl."), I. Ill wu hiivu not lliu ilulail.i '.^ivuii. The report itiu.'s, 
aiiioii!,' ..ihur tliiii','i, that il Innl at that .latu " lall.'ii int.. .lu.'ay 

fr..iii want ..f a l.il.rarian to tak.' i'liai'1,'1' ..f ihi' I ki." t'oiisu.piunil.v 

Kol.url afturwal'.li .In. !',''■ .Siilli\aii was appoiiite.l l.il.laiian at .1 
.salary of C.".li. Ilaviin,' a.tu.l a.s siieli till l.s:',."., a peri.i.l ..f ei.,'lil 
yean, III' ruii^ne.l 1.. aii'upt a lual in llii' LuLti.il at i vu (.'..iineil, ami 
.Mr. . \l[. hells T.I. hi, the pi'i'M'iil l.,il.i'ai'iaii, meeeeilu.i liini ti'iiiporarii.\-. 
.\ l.ei,'iiliiiivu 1,'i'aiii ..f .<.iiii lliii yuar 1 l.s:;.". ii the lint ilep hu 11. .1. ■ 
towal.l ihu aiiL,'liii'ntalion of lliu Lil.rary. At that liliii' it e..litaiiiu.i l.iit 
liiil volnnius, thoin.'li a inaniisiript ealalo^in , sii|ii..iii'.l t.. iia\i.' lueii 
ina.lu..iit ill IH;«i, shonuil that tlieru were to; inerly. l.iuil'. volumes. ..f 
wliii'h it appears nearly ..iiu-lialf hail l.e.'ii irri'eovei'al.l.v I. .11. .\ 
rup..rt 111. I.l. ' I.. Ihu l.u.^isl.itnru at that timu states that llie " e..lli-.ti..ii 
il imlueil sim_'iilarly liuliui.'iit 111 ui.lki relaliliLi to leieiiee ami the 
liieeiianieal arli. a'.'ii.-iilliir.', l.'a.ls, liri.l'.'.'i, uaiiali, l.aliliinLX, italis- 
ties, iVe. : ami it is \\..rtliy of remark that there is not in the Lil.rary 
a iiii'.,'le voliiine relatim,' to the p..litie.il or liist..riual state ..f Ui'e 
Cami'las or tliu I'.ritlih N..rlll .Vliiuliuan Pr'.viiieus. willi llie excep- 
tion .'f tin- p. iirnali ami si at lit i- of the l'i'o\iiielal I, eL;isIat lire, ,ilnl on l\ 
oil.' ilii|.elfect e..py ..f the hi-t'.ry of tin: I'liilei', .Siate.i li.\' an ol.senre 
author." .siul)sui(Uuiitly the Lilirarian reporte.l t.. th.' Ki'-jislature. at 
the seisii'm of l.S;(li-:i7, that "in e'lnsuipiunue ..f the ni'!,'leetiii'.,' 

to retiiru many 1 ks l.i.rr.iwe.l l..\ iMiiorahle niuml.ers, the l.iiirar\- i- 

iii a \ur\ iiii|ji'i'f.'et i'..n.iiti..n many i ij.l.'iu \\..rks I..11, an-i ..ihers 

.umlelu.l ilnperfeel." I'n.lii ail ..f wir.li il f..ll..ws tll.il the I'arlia- 
iiieiiiary l.il.rary in the .lays ..f the lieLellioii wa.i an iii.iiiiiitinii of 
ei.inparalively little usefulness. In l.s::ii l)r. Uiinler was appoiuteil 

l.il.iari.in. ami .Mr. To.1.1 a--i-tanl. In l^ll the iini..n of lln- 

I'roliliui's. tin' lii.rariui of the rpp.'ran.t l...\\.'l' t'ana.la Li'_'iilallll'.'s 

wur.' alilalL,'atiiate.l. The Le:^islati\u t'onnell retaine.l a sepaiate 

lil.rary of their. .wii nil 1.-<H), at wliiell time it was also ainal.^ainalu.i 

' with the other, wliieli 11. .w I.eoaii t.i aisiiine very respeetal.le propor- 

ti..ni ; lull ..n .\pril I'.'lli ..f that year il was almost lotaliy .lesli'oye.l 

l.y lire, winii the M'.iilruai " lluliullion l,..s>ei." ri..ti'ii ni'.l.l.u.l an.l 

Inirin.l tin- rarilain.nt ltllil.lili:,'s. What tumainu.l of it wa- relm.i e.i 

t.. t^tuuliee in l>.M, ami an auelil sent to l''iiio[.e 1.. rupleliisti it. lie 

retunie.l with a eolleetion whieh, in ei.'rtaili lines, was saiil at thai 

time to l.e llln'.)Ualleil ; lint on the 1st of Kuliiiiary, l^'W, tire airain 

raxaui'.l the Lii.rary, ami il \\ as only paitially saxe.ll.y ilu- niosl 

i hi role i'm'ri,'y ..f eertain of the inilitari. assisiu.l 1)\ a liiiinl.ur ..I 

! Koiiian ratli.iliu rrii'sts. In l.s.Mi Dr. W'imlur rutire.l iip..n ji peii- 

I iiioii, ami .Mr. T.mI.I suice.'.lu.l to hi- p..siti..n. whiuli In. has ewr 

' siinu rutain.'.l. Kiiriin,' the s iliiu yuar I'arlianiuiit sent Mr. To.l.i l" 

Klmlaml wilh a tjl'iint of t':i,lljl '.Is. liil. slerlilli;. t.. piirulia.se a lil.raiy. 

wlinli 111' .li.l ill ihe iii..-t -ali-ta.t..iy manner, an. I fr.iin tin- .laus lii,- 

i.n.uiii, a- it wuie, ..f ihu pr.s.nt l.il.iary, « lii.li has sinuu eontiniie.l 

t.i inure;. ie, till it liai now l..i'..liie one of the linu-l in ihu w.il'l.i. 

Tliu liiiililiiu; in whieli thy- sioi-.- ..f literary wealth is .lep..iite.| 

i the liihraiy has in eoiilieetioli with the rear of the I'arhainunl 

, ltuililin.,'l.yai'..liiparativi'ly low al'ehway oiieslnrey 111 liei^hl ivhiuli 

has the ulluet of .lelaehill^ in a illstinet inainii'r the lii.i-s.'s ..f the 



^:y^ 



COUNTY OF CARLETON. 



f wo itnicturus. It Itlngnmnil \\\\\\\ nf circuliir sliupi' in tlu' fniifru, 
iimcnlKMl liy a polygdu It'antu of sixti>i>ii sitU's, aii<l I'Vi-HCDtni^ <>n tli«- 
llMii/itiilul |>liilii- of \\)iiit(>\i!r fltniilinii, lit il^:lil ani^U'H I" ali> twni.f 
iti XUll'UII niiliiil, a h'll^tll of I'.'li fi>i't Al I'ai'h nf llli' nixiri'll UII^IUH 

ai'u liiittrui<4(M, cariic'd ii|> hhIhI In a pmiit aliovo ihc tup of Iho loaii-tn, 
Hl•l'Vlrl^ aH lianc'ii for tile tlyiiii{ liiitti-u>4iuA wIik'Ii i-i>i->MVf t)ti> tlirtiHt of 
llif main vault, nihl crowiiuil liy piniiailci. 'I'lif <;i'ii«'t'jil rxti'i'ioi- 
vi.'W pri'ii'iitH llm f'lnu of a r.»iii' ; tht- I'Mnf in i|rniiu'il, witK rilm 
wf Htiiiui tilluil in l>y Nulid masonry, anil HUppnrioil hy marliU- 
(.'olnmuH ffstin^ nn cnrlu'U nf tlu' saiin' mntcrial. Tlif i^niin is \'l iwX 
in lioiijlit. ami llu' "prin^tiiiif lim,' In I'n'i iivi>r ihi' ll'iof In tin' ointri' 
of tln> vanltoil spare is an opi'iiini; of ;'.iif,.|.t in .liamitiT, tin' main 
iiliH I'L'ini; so uiTanu'*'<l iw to toiidi its fiirumfi'iviii-e, an<l rontinue in 
a vui'lii'ai piano iMitwfuii tlm .s|pi-iin<nrs, Aliovo this opuiiinx !•> a 
«iMiiuvl lantui'ii Vi fia-t liiuli. thi' top of which Ih \i\ li'i'l ovi>r tht' imul 
of tho lloor. 

Kiom thi! I'aflianninl lliiil<liii)i the l.ilnary is approachml lliioiiali 
tlm passa«i' aliovi' rofi'iTi'il to. at the eml iif whieh i- a highly orna- 
nifiiiil arvli'-'l, moiililcl. aii'l i-nrifho*! iloorwax . "ith cliistoivil 
tolumns ami carvotj capitals. Tlu- iiitfi'ior of tin* l.ilirary al tlit* floor 
is ilil fiM't in ■liaini'ltii'. The thrust of the vanllwl roof 'i^ thrown in 
llm ilirei'tion ol the i(ieat.'sl ri-sistenco - ivery precaution liavimj lieeii 
taken to remler the vaulting' secure while tlie ilesi^Mi, as a whole, is 
liolil. iinii|ne, anil evtreiimly oH'ei'tive. 

The interior view of the Liln-ary a even inory utleetive tliaii tlie 
evteiittr. In th'' eeiitru, upon a peilestat alioiit six feel in heitjhl 
aii'l iisim; to an altiimie of more than tliriee tieit .li-iame. isa nia^ni- 
lieeiit white marhle -tatne of the t.tiieeii. with In-r sceptre in her liami. 
Immeiliately siiiroMmliin{ this isa row of hiL;h ami ornamental circu- 
lar ilesks for the use of the l.ihrary i lerks. lint tresses, exicieliim 
inwanls from the main wall, correspomlini; in |iositioii to th.>sc on 
the exterior, ilivi le the outer riny tif the interior area into sixteen 
" liavs." which are continncil to the altitU'le of three storeys, aroiiml 
ivhicli rnii arcaile galleries with floors of uias-. aiel fturroiiin|i-'l hy 
highly ornamental w louijhl-iron halnsters. Ontlie -helves, which line 
the main ami "hay" walls of ^jronml ,iml gallery floors, an pheeil 
alioul IIKI.IIIHI vollllms. which, for v.iriety of snlijecl ami oeiieral 
merit, are not eiju.alleil in America, aiel nowhcix' i»xcelle'l. 

'I'liu Kroiiii.l floor is lilierally supplie.l with .lesks. laMcs, writiin,' 
material, chairs, plans, c italoi,nies, iVc, for the use of all who choose 
to avail thelii.selves .if the envialilc privilei,'e which the existence 
i)f siii'li a uolile inslitiition allonls : while no less than ten i^nulisli 
ami Froncli-speakini,' ollicials are constantly on haml to in-triict 
alel assist all who recplire their service- ; anil, lo say file trnlli, a 
more ellicient, conrteoil-. aiel ol.lioiiio stall nt ,'i-ntlenien wenexer hiel 
the pleasure to meet. To put the whole thin;^ in a iint-shill. the Par- 
liamentary Lihrary 's .in institution of which not only the citizens of 
Ottawa, Imt the whole Domiiiion, shoiihl ami ilo feel pioml ; anil no 
matter floiii what -tanilpomt we may view il, we liehohl a oranil anil 
liohle ailjunct to ,i system of national prospi-rity anil iiilvalicement 
which 19 the ii'linualion. if not the i-iivy, of the t'nristinn worhl. 

Ami now, before closim^ this -ketch of the pnhlic huililinos of the 
U.imiiiioii. which is far more hrief than it oiioht to he. yet much mure 
leni,'thv than we iiitemleil it shoiiltl he. let us lii^iire up. a-lnearly as 
111. ly lie. their cost. Till' followim,' statement will show the ainonnt.s 
yeiirlv expemleil upon tlleiu up t^' the 'late of (.'olifeileration : - 

From 1st .May, lrt,V.t, to :tlst Decomlier. IH.VI iS Kl.n.'iL' I'" 

•' 1st .laii., lHlill, to tilst Decemlier. Iilio 4:i:!,14l .■< 

UtJan., IMIl. to:tlst Decemlier, IHiil il.Vi, ll'.i 4."i 

1st Jan., l-'il:!, to :ilst Ueceinlier, lSi;j I7,7:i'j 

1st .Ian., iHilii, tu UNt Dccemher, l--li:l -JtH.:)!? 

" 1st Jan., IHiJl, to ;liith ijiiiie. l--(i4 l.^■^,!tHll 

Ist.liilv. lHi;4, to ailh .June, l-i;.". j.'^.tl'-:! HI 

■• 1st July, If*!)."), to ;)Oth June, ISiid :iiiT.ii.">l 4:1 

Ut.lnly. iMicl, to :)Mtli iliine. IHllT ;i4.'i.K:i4 '.W 



):j 



I'.'i 



Total to ahiive ilalu 



S-i.Tii.l.'.l^l 5S 

We previously lueiitioneil thai the orii,'iiial appro]. riatioii in lH"i7 
tortile construction of the liuililiiii,'- w is siiiio.iiiio ; thai coiilracts 
were let for tlieir completion at the sum of ■'^.'t4*^.."(Oil,f,,r ih,. Parliaiiieiil 
Uuililiiii,'. ami !?27H.''lii for the Uepartmci.tal liiiililini.'s. or .■^liiiT.itin 
for the wlliilo. Vet a' the oiel of ten years from the original uralll 
wesee the whole exhanriteil, aiel further -inns from time to time vofeil 
liv the l.et^islatule towani- the complelion of the work, amouiititii; in 
all to ?<l,!l,-l''.;i41.Jo. makiii;.; a t itil toilial .late of .•<:;.•— .-i.iUt.:)!!. of 
which wc see there was cxpenileil up to tile time of Confeih-ration, 
July 1st, l''i!7. the sum of .■<:i,7:!.t,!Wl.'.'S, leaving i halance at thiii 

time of $iii4.yi;;i.u:i. 

The work, however, was i;oi nearly complete, ami has heeii ju-o- 
gressinj; ever since. During the next ten years, emlinu' .'tnth •lime. 

1877, the further sum of .^l,ii7i', 1111:1.44 liiel heen expemleil ikiiii; a 

total to thai ilate of s<a,7'.l4,i;i."i.ii:!. Of this amount, .•s:;"iH.'-:i:i.ii.i were 
expemleil iliirinj; the last year of the I wclily ; while a liirtlnr sum of 
§17tl. 120.111 was expeirleil tllirillii the fiscal year emilll^' .luin* :'.", 
1S78. makiu,.; a total up to the lasl-melitloneil ilate of .■< l.'.llil.7;i"i.(i:). 
Uuriiig the whule season of 1H7^ there hii-i heen a small army ot 
woikiiien eiii^ageii in buililini; retainer walls, levellile^ aiel oriia- 
meiiliii;^ the i^rounils, iVc, hesiih-s which, most of ilie work ha- heen 
iloiie Oil the West liiock extension. All this will swell the total cost 
lip to the cml of the sea.son of 1H7H to very nearly foar aiel a i|uarter 
millions of .lollars. or nearly live tunes the orioin il appropri iiioii. 

Tlieie are no ilivisions in the piihlic .n'couiits. a-i piihlisheil, of tin- 
Hupar.ite expcmiitures upon each of tiie larioiis parts. We only know 
that the Library was .ipproximalely esiimaleil to cost ?'l'-o,ollo. anil it 
is the 1,'uneral lielief that more than ilouble that imouut has been 
dX|>eni|eil n|ioii it. However, im one complains of nn'i sum of money 
belli',' ill-sp'-'iit il|ioii the Library, which, for its o,'i,oral ilsefuliies-. m 
beyonii U'>inplitation in money ; ami for its coin|ileleiiess ami lli^'h 
stamlaril of merit, as well as for the spjemlor of its interior ilecor.i- 
tiuns, is Ulluiiualleil. 

Ali'l, takln;,' the lliillillli'.;s .i- a ivhobs altlioin^h the actual aniounl 
ex[.eiiileil in so faroiitof all pi'opoilion in the oi luoiial estimates, then' 
are satisfactory explanations for it aU too volnniinoiis lo be here en- 
tcreilm to. (ielierallv spcaknu, the ah ivo reinirk concerning the Lib- 
r.iry is true of the lluillim^s tiiroii;<liont, ami any one who is so foriii- 
iialu as to have the opportunity of iiispi'tiii',' theiii will, w think, en- 
I loi'se the opinion of the Chief Kiiiincr of ilie Depirtmeiit of I'liblie 
Works, in his report to Parliament at the lir.st .session subsequent f., 



("onfejeriition (ami thoy are even more true, if the term b 
now than then), wlii'iein he says; "Taking' into cou^" 

man\ ililheiillies which have itiemleil Ihi nstruciioii. o 

lorv to be able lo state thill the work lias been perlormi 
substantial manner, ami at rates which cannot be ihemc 
The interior iirrain^emeiit- are ailmirahty ailapteil to ilie i. 
of ilie service, the Mirioiu aparlmeiils are sniliibl.\ Itlliil 

the latest anil best llloilern llnprovellielits have been llllro.l 
exterior ell'cct is greally ellhallcel by the natural beaut> 
nence of the -ite, whicli renilcrs them conspicuous froiii < 
the snrronnilino country, so thai iii approachiii'4 Ilie 
ilireclion. their irrc'^'ular ma-s ami niimer'Uis lowers pri 
slant ly cliangniLj iml picliiresipie appearance. I pmi closi i 
their vast exl^nt. ornate charaiter. anil architectural inci 
jipparent ; ainl ill brief they may fairlv be classeil amm 
specimen', iif pointeil (lotliic style on this conliiieiil." 

We liiiKhl ailil that, with the exceplion of the rillleil Si 

III Washiiiitioii, anil the Niw Vrnk <lale t'apitol at .\lbai 

also probably the most costly Tlie former cost ill I ? 

luo-tlv tliiriiiii a lime when materiil ami labor were coi 
cheap'. The laller, ornjiiially estimaleil lo co,i i>i(.i«io, 
the Isl .liinu.iry, IM7K. swalloweil up S.s.'jrn.lJIo.^lii. ami 
inaleil that il wouM re.piire an aihlitional i^o.iHHMlOu 
them. They were ili'sii,'iieil by lln' -aine iirchilecl win 
ami iliew the plans for llie I'arliameiil l!iiililiin{s .il in 

f;realesl public oilitice in llle woi'lil is now beilll,' ereclcil 
of I'llihlilalpllla. They are ilesi-lieil for tie "I'ublic Hnil- 
Citv ami I'liiinty of riiil.ulelphia." ami have .'ilri'.nU been 
b>r oMr live years. The estimiiteil cost of these is .«i'J:;.niii 
will rei{uire at least ten more years to coniph le lln'iii. 

In connection with our own I'lihlic lluihlinns. we oinii 
tion the Oinerninent work-shop- aveiyline lilm k of bnil' 
uxtreme west eml of the L,'roiinils, just iimler the hi-ow ol 
llill proper, faciiin Hank .-^Ircet to the wist, ami cMemlii 
ktreal u'ates at the -oiith-wesi entrance of I'lirliameni ."^ii 
entrance to the " I. overs' Walk" al the eiloe ol the liii 
These biiihliiiKs are coii-irncteil principally of Nepeaii 
with Ohio freestone 'trimmings of Ihe iiointcl (lofliic si\ 
tecture two storey - anil allic mofeil with shite iilnl siii 

wron^ht-iron rrest'iiii;. Tiny ari' iiiosi i pleie in .ill 11 

such .IS stcain eiiu'ines, ilryers, planers, iV'e,, Ac, ami wi 
transiicteil all the blacksmilhino, carpenter work, \c. , :i 
sary in coiinection with the alu-rations ami ri'j'airs which 
of ihe I'ublic r.uihiilios ,11'e coiislanlly iiiiilori;oiii^'. 

The lasl aililitioii to the system of I'liblie UuiMiim- 
heeii mailc. It is a green or foicino-hoiise bu- the more i 
ties of flowers ami plants with which the various pans of 
are oruameiiteil. In architeitural ilesi-n it corrcspom 
general style of all llle biiiMilios. ami, like the others, il 
plete in its every iletail. 

We have thu- far omiiteil to mention that the utiii. 
beiui observeil to guanl these niagniliceiit biiiMinu's agai 
by tire. In fact, the orouml ami lirst lloors of ihe tiin.' 
ai-e almo.st absolutely lire-proof, the corriilors ami -iirbases 
coiicrele, ami the slairways of ^lum' with iron babisiniihs. 
stamliiig this, the towers are su|^plicll with enormous lank 
stanlly hllwl with water, which is supplieil lo every part o 
ings, ami the most ample appliances for lire protection a 
haml in the -liape of Imse ili-tribnteil lliroui-hout eauli cor 
To put the safety beyonil a pir.lilM'lil lire, hoVM'Ver, 1 

I'm, Hi: Koki i: waseslabli.s'lieil at ihelinu'of ihelirsi I'Vuian 
wa- reorganizeil in I'-llli, iiinler ilie ilircci control of liilberl 
at that time I'olice Commissioiier ami .Stipemliarv Magis 
tario who subseiplelltly accepteil llle laller appo lent il 

with llle lew t'rovini'c ol Miiiiiloha. It then coiisisteil o 
lemlent (Thomas Oarlick), two sergeants (James Allen 
rallinh ami eight privates Hell, falilwell, Hayes, .bic] 
Laughraii. Montgomery, aiel Veale. It now consisu of 
on the main force, ami two ollnrs whose ilutii's are •> 
watch anil regulate the "iliicts," .i system of nmler'groumi 
lion, consisling of over four miles of arched pas-ages of so! 
having a nninber of stimigly guarded oiiilets ai dillereii 
rweeirthe ••Lovers' Walk" and the brow of the pn cipne. 
piaiters are in the basement of the Kastein lilock. and ih 
•ompri-es I'liief, K. .1. O'Neill ; Sergeants, .bilin .lacks, 
'oniiors ; ami twelve privates. One of the latter is co 
iliitv at 

i{iiii'..»r llii.i., which, being thu olliciiil re-nlemi' ol il 
ioneril. should come next ill order to the I'lrliament I 
hough II is silllated in ihe corporation of the village of 
iiirjli. ami about two miles from I'arliameiit Hill. It w 

.rivate re-ideiice by the lion, Tl in .McKay, a man e.tr 

villi the chief interests of r.ylown. win. biciine possesse 
'Slate comprising over I.OD'i acres of l-md in the angle fo 
niieiion if the Kideaii Kiver wilh the Oiiawa. ,\ nn 
',..feriince lo this very pi'oinineiit man will be foiiml iindoi 
.\'ew I'Minbiirgh. 

.\» ab.ne state. I, his former residence, with ab nit 77 
iita'hed, was leased by the I ioveriinient. on the '.'ml A 
or a turin of twelve years, from his heirs, at a .yearly lei 
ler annum, with the right of purchase any time witlii i 
or i<7'i.l)oil. or si|b-t'i|iieiiily. within the fweho. for such ^ 
le dilermiMi'l lo .irbil ralioll. 

The origin il iMidding was of cut limestone, of 17 x 7^1 
dons, and two siorey- high. Immediately after the leasii 
perty this biiihling was enhirged and additional ones ei 
designs of .Mr. Ilnbid'ge. the then arcliitei 1 of the I'libl 
iial'tmelit. 

On the l-l .September, I.Hr,7, nn ailditional loi lying ad 
•liideaii Hall Domain." facing tin' OltawJ lliver, an 
nearly ten aero-, was also leased by llm (loiernmeni at an 
• if .•<7'-'ll, wilh similar privilege-, to those I'onl.'iiiie.l III Ihe 
On the 1st .Inly. I -Co, the date of rinifider ilioli, ihe i 
.iliil a'lditions to Ihe gi'oiimls and buil. lings h id eo»l the 
liie sum of .-risO.HIll.llH. .vid " Kideaii Mall " was then a 
I front ill! feet in .■xlelit. by a depth of .'ill. wilh a rear \ 
feet. Il w.is two storey- high, beside basement, and wa^ 
.villi a veiandah LU fe.l ill length ; while at a conveii 
therefrom a brick cottage, .)■> x 4.'i feet, had been erected h 



F CARLETON.— CoNTiNUKD. 



XXIU. 



liov urn even iimru tnir, if tin' tt-nn It ullnwAliltt, 

rnii lie Nayn ; "TiikiiiK' "it" ouiiii"li'r;i(iHii lln' 

I'll hiivi- itti'iulotl till iiHtrurlhtii. il in natinfin-- 

t((- tlnit t)i«- Work hiiit lici'ii |itM'li>ntit-<l in a nh>Hl 
lUnI at ralc^ wliu'li c.'tniitit I'u ilirniu'l f\('i'f<sivt.'. 
in-ni- ail* ailniiniMy ailaptcl t<» lln- n'liuircnu'nlt 
Li-i<)ii« apHi'lnicntH iin- ^nital>ly I'llhil up, aii<l all 
■ ult'iii iMi[irtivt'tUfMtH liavi' lu'cri inlnt'lni'ctt, 'Pin- 
illy tnluuu'fl l>y tin' natural ln'anly an*! |ii'<iini- 
licli rt-n-li'i'M tlh'in tuh-t|iii'iitiii-* frotn t-vrry ["irl nf , 
intry, MM thai in a|'|>rna('hiii^ llic I'ityin iny i 
ular nia-H aixl unnnTniH Inw-T^ |»rrHi'nt a con- ' 
pu'IurcHinii'apiu'arani'i'. rpttii i-l-imr in.-»iu'i'tiiin. | 
iiiti- rharat fiT, lunl iiri'hitiH'.ural nuTit^ ln'ciin' j 
iff tlifv ni;iy fairl\ In- fla«:it'il ani"n<;Ht the ln-Mt 
I iJotliif slylf on thi^ fonlini-ut." ' 

i\, uith tin- i<\r(>|>tion of (he rnitcil Stut<-A < 'Apitot i 
liii' \«w Vork >^tfiti' ('apitol ut Albany, thi'V ivri' | 
St coHtly. The fornuT cn«t ali-ait s'|:i,iMM>,0(«t, | 
J when nniti'ri:il iiiiil lalmr wttri' com para tivrly 
oni?inally I'stiniatt-d to cost :*i,itOii,(Hi(i. hail oil i 
7H, .iwalloui.i np S?*.*„'7ii,i;i."..:tH, an-l it was isti- | 
I rc.piitv an a-hlitional ?*.">.it<>n,(HH) to coinph'tu I 
li'sii,'ni'i| liy the -^anm ari'liilt'ol who oHifcivi'il 
for the ParliaunMit HiiiMitn^!* at iMtawa. The I 
■i- in tin- w<trltl i.h now ln'iiii,' finrlcil in tli*- City , 
ley are .lesii;ne.| for ll e "I'liMie I'-inNiiii,'- of ih'e 
IMut.i'lelpliia," an'i have alna'U hei-n in [ii-oLjnsH 
The e.Htiniate.l eost of the^e in J<-J:i,niHi,iiOo. an. I it 
ten more yearn to eoniplite them, 
h oiir own I'nhlir Ihiililiniis. weomitti'tl to nien- 
work-shop^ a veiy line Moi k of l.inl.linL;> at the 
the uionniU, jnst innler tlie lirow of Parliament 
tank Street to the wi-wt, ami exlemlini; from thr ^ 
mtli-uesl eiitranee of Parliament Sijnaie to the 
ovrrs' Walk" at the eiJL^t* ot the ii\er iM'teipiiv. 

eon--trni'te(| prineij>ally of Nepcan iaielstojif, ' 
:^im)nin^'H of tin- |M>iiite<l (iothte st\h- ot arelii- i 
an<l attie rooft'il witli ^hite aiiil siirmonntetl liy 
;. 'I'iiey are most eoinplele in all tlieir iletails 
I's, ilryerM, plaiiiTH. A'e,, \c., iin<l wiihm them ix | 
laeksiiiithiin,', i'ar)ienter work. \e., always tieeeM- 
til till- alteratiotiH aiiij rrpairn whieh \arioii.s parts 
i;^'s ire eonntantly un<iorL;oinL,'. 
to the system of I'nlitii- ItniMnii:* ha^ reeently 
;reen or foivitiu'-hoiiHt' for the nioir tt-niler varie- 
aiits with whieh the various parts of the ni.Mimls 
I arehitei tural ||e^*i.;n il eorresponils with tin- 
he lMiiMini;s. aii'l, liku the others, it is nioxt com- 
ail. 

ir omitteil to im'ntion that the ntniost eare has 
ii'il these niai^nilieeiit lniililinL.'s au'ainst aeeiilent 
• Ljroiui.I ami liist tloors ot the tiirer main Moi-ks 
' lire proof, the rorrnlors ami -nrhases iM-intr n\\ ,,f 
rwaysof -ilonewilh iron liahHlra.Jis. N'otwith- 
wers are sui1plit.-tl with eimrmous tanks, kept eon ! 
Iter, wjiieh is Hnp]>lie<l to i-very part ot the Imihl- I 
mple appliam-es for tire protection an' always at 
hose ili-tnl'ntr.l throuvjliout im«Ii eorri<ior. 
^- ln-yoini a p-nnlvrnlnie, li'i\\e\er, a I>umimon 
;ililisheiiat the tim.-of the liist Keiiian Kai.j.whieli 
>()!*, nmler the -lireet eontrul of (Jilhert McMiekeii, 
'onimissioiiL-r ami Stiptieliarv AJai^istrate of (hi- 
ntly aceepti'l tlir latter appominu-nt in eoniieetiou 

ot Maiiitoha. It llim ^■'n^i^(l .| ..f ;i snperin- * 
arliek), two sergeants (Janas Allen aii<l J. Me- 
irivates — Hull, Cahlwell, Hayes, Ja'kson, Kane-, 
ery, anil Vualo. It now eoiisisis .if lifte.n men 
ami tw.t othirs wh.ise tlitties are -xelnsively to 
he ■'fillets." a synlem of iin.Jei'LjroiiiHi < ■■nimiinu-a- 
rr fonr nules of arelicd pas>a,L;i's <if ^oli.( masonry, 
sMo|i.;|y ^iianle<l .mtlets at .litl'crent points liu- 
Walk'" ami the I. low of the preeipi.-e. The l'..li.-e 
ist-nieiit of the KasliTii l'.l.»ek, an.| the main fom- 
.1. MNeill : S.-1-t.'ants, ..'.hn ,la.-k:,on aiM .Inhti 
e privates, (hie of the latter is n-ntinuilly on 

liiih, IpL'iiiL^ the .itlieial rf-i.jeno.' .if the (J.'Vernor- 
• ne\t in or'ler to the I'arliainent linil. line's, al- 
ni tlie eorporatioh .»f ihe villa,'.- of N.-w K-liii 

miles front rarliament Mill. It wa-< Iniilt as a 
the II. »n. Thonru MeKay. a iiian early ith-ntitie.t 
sts 'tf liyl'pwn, who lit-tMiue possesse.l of a laii^e 
■r l.'Ulii aeres ..f i tn.t in the an-^le forim.l l.y llie 
ean Uiver with liie Ortawa. \ ni-'re t-sien-lu'l 
' prominent man will he f<mii.l nieJer the hea.j of 

his forin.'r resi.lenee. with ali ml 77 aires of laiel 
I>y ih.' <i.»veriiim)nl. on the 'Jiel \1e4nsi, lHi;:». 
years, from his heirs, at a yearly le ital of .StJKiO 
J ri'^'ht of purchase anytime withi 1 three y.-ars 
pieiiHy, within the )uel\o. for fueh sum as iiii^ht 
iltration. 

ilini; was of eiit Inn. stone. -.1 (7 \ 7;t feel .iimen 
,' hiLjh. Imme.hately ,itier the h-asiiej of the pr.>- 
vas unlarijed arel aiMiiional one.-* ereeteil, a-* [ler 
.I.;*;, the then archite. t ..f the IMililie Works D,;- 

nher, IH07, an arhlitnmal lot lyin-^ a-ljacent to t!ie 
vin," faeini^ the (tttaw^ iJiver. aiel eontainin^ 
itso leaseil Ity the < Jovernmi-nt il an annual rental 
pn\ ileije-i to those eotilaim-d in I he toriner leas.'. 

\^Cu. the daft' of ('..iife.jei it ion, th.' improveiiientK 
roiinds aii't lmiMtm;s h id eo-.t the liovernment 

"h;. aii'l " Kiileaii Mall " was then a Iniihlin,' with 

vtenr, liy a .lepth .tf .Mi, with a rear wiii'_', TUJ \ 71 
rev- hiijh, iti'si'le hasement. .iml w.as oriiamente.l 

1 feel til leie_;lh ; while at ;i eoMvenient distance 
taii*;, .")■( X i,'i feet, had lie«n e'le.ted h.r the private 



necrrtary of the < M)Vorti>ir-< leiieral. Vnrinim other ihipiuvuinentN hud 

heen added, inehidiii;; eonsmvat.'ry, vinery, laundry, winter carriam* 
liuiisii, e.iaeli house, iee-liomiu. ulaliles, iCe. . while llm groundu lintl 
Iieuii fenced, I'oads re|mired, yravelled. tVe., tVe. 

In the .-priii]^ <if IMtiH the (•.■vernmeiit .lecided upon the ptii'chiise 
of the property, iimt on the :iHth .Inly .tf that \eur the due<l nf nalo wftn 
.■\eciile.|. eoiiveyini^ laml iitii. Mint ill'.,' to within a fiacti.m ..f M ueres. 
the eotisiileration heiii;; .<<H'J,IN>0 ; making' the eiilire capital co^t up (<> 
that .late (hesides leiit-^) SlilJ.MMMH;. 

Thii e.\pendilnres t.> the present time are us follows . 

i>ATi:. AoninoNH. HRpAiitn. 

I'p ti< ,)uly 1st, IHfj; (to(ul) >!'H;i.',M|!» tltj 

Vear Hiidiiiu' :(Oth Juiic, I MtH ,"»1, ()'.".» II) 

iMtiy iw.i;** M.'i |i I,. 1(14 7 '^ 

IHTti Il,7.'i7 7U 4,ii:t(t (17 

I^>71 4,'JM) HO 

is7'J 772 Ha (;,L'37 &0 

' Im7;* (i)i,7Xi :n 

Is74 .'n'l.s'JI fH» 

\>^7'f 4r».ti--'7 2a 

** " " ls7H ; ,. -I'J.tKtl OJ 

i'^77 ;tri,iiiu LN 

i'^7H ;trt.!tM ui 



Total to .Inly Ut, \^7H )?;tlll,:ins 2;i 8L'ltri,5Kt fiO 

There are also other pnlilic huildin^H in the ('ity of Ottawa, np.ui 
which the (toverniiiunt have spent lari,'e sunn tif nioufy whieh will 
confer 1,'reat lienelits Ujtoii the .-iii/eiis at laru'e. Sm-ji a one is llu- 
maiiiiiticeiii i'lty l*.-st lMlie<- Imildim,', reeently linished. whieh also 
contains ihe oltices ..f the t'nsloni II. .use mid the Inlaml Keveniie 
Departments for the Districts, ha\inu' hea.i-<piiirtei-s liere ; whieh, 
with the Suspension Undvt*' which spans llie Ottawa, over the ('han- 
dil'i'e Falls, is the ..Illy .'tlier property in the t'ity iiinler et.ntrol of Ihe 
Natnmal i i.ivernmeiit. 

Till: I'nsr OKKirK Iniildiin' was designed liy W. Chesterton, unhi- 
tect tif < )ttavva, who siiperintemled its ere<'tioli from .liine, l*'7-. when 
it w-iiM comiiieiieed, till its eompleti.m in the sun'imer of |H7il. It is 
sitnale.l at the apex .'f the anL,de foime.l l.y the Sap[ii-rs' nml Dntrerin 
IJri.lKes. its fr.>iit elevati.m o\ erlo■d^ln'^ , I'oth, ami its si.h-s rest .>n 
Wellinjit.in and Sparks Streets. Il is l.iiiil of a heantifiil lii,dit sand 
Ht<uiu -the style lieini,' a mixture of the loiinanentint* and Italian c't 
.li.wddCf -the lines hnikeii hy hamlsome halcmics, --ni.pi.rte.l hycoiiimns 
with car\ei| capitals of ri'h ami allracti ve de-ii,'?!. It is three slore\ s 
in h.'iLfht, with l.irielte.l roof arel snrnioniite.l l>y a handsome cnpoja 
..f niihiue torm. and l..f(y altitude. Tin- cost ..f The Kiiildinu. with tlio 
m-min.l .'11 which if is .rected, \\;is, according,' t.» the records of the 
I'ul.lie Works Department, J<l';{."),0Oii. l'rovisi..n was ni.i.li' for a pnldic 
cl.'ck, hy leavitii,' a circular .tpeniii;^ heiiealh the cupola. When tii 
poMti.m, this will he a ;xivat a.ldilional pnhlie l.eiietit, on aeconiil of 
the eonimandmi,' |i'.sition of tin- iMiiMin^ as well as a threat iin[irove- 
iiienl to the app.araiiee .>f the ImildiiiLj itself. 

THE SUSPENSION BRIDGE 

Is .me .«f the nio^i mien <t nii,' and altra.lue olijeel s al.ont Oitawii. As 
a piililii- v.ork, this Kri-lu'e, or rather its pn-decessor at this [mint, out- 
ranks the Ki.leaii Canal in point of time. t'lie very lirst move which 
Col. lU- ma.le on his arii\al, in !*'•_'»», was to consult with Lord 
Dalhoiisie and Cuj. Daiifoi-.l as |.> th.- method to 1>. a.lopted for the 
passable of the stri>ani, as all oiitwanl eomtniinication mnsi then he had 
fr.mi the other shore. Afterdiie inspection, llicse three .ilH' ers Dal 
h<-usie heiiiL; then I i.ivertior-(o-iieral) <leci.(ed to imineiiiately Imild a 
liridue at the site of the pre.seiit Su?*p.nsi..n llri.Ij,'e In f.ire commeiiciin; 
.•peiatM.ii- on the canal. The lirst arch nearest to Midi liciii,:^ )>itilt 
..( .1... 1... ,..i-..,i ut..ii.i ... .ll'ii.d... 1 -iti .^. .. .1. •> ^ ll ..i.t 1...^ II-..,... ,.. .i.i..t-,..i . 



... ,. , ."dlapse.l as soon a-^ iImj centres Were rem. ived ; 

Imt the second -which was Iniilt hy l*hilemoii Wrif^ht -had hetter 
rtuecess. Mere, however, the real ditiiee.Ily commenced, .\fter several 
unsuccessful attemipts t.i estahlish coininunic.ition with th-- .south side, 
it was Hi l;i.>t >'irected hy means of a rope lircl fi.im a eanm.ii llii*h 
trestles heiii'.; loult on each si. le, otliur ami lariiur ropes jveif extemle.l 
tiiercfnun ; smaller ones hiispeiided tnun these supported slrint^ers ; 
an. I these a:;ain were coven I with plank for a foot-walk, to expedite 
(he 'iperatioiis ..f the workmen. 

Thus tlie '!r^f l.rid,'e ..ver Chamliiire K.ills 



Ihnstlie "r^f l.rid,'e ..ver t hamdere ralls^Hs well as the present 
i>m wasot the snspi'iisioii onier, and h.» lur iih we have heuu al'Io to 
learn it was the lir-l of ilut kind 111 t_'an:ida. JVrniaiient siispen.-*iun 
lirnl'^es, which have since a-siinie'l such a r.tpi<l .Icvtdopuient, ha. I not 
thei. hei^iin t"l'e seriously trnniLflit of liy modern eiu'ineers although 
it IS a rtell-known fa't that l!ie .system w.is n<>t only in .-xistence, Init 
ha.l attained to a very uoiisideraMe .leL^ree of perfeeli-pii at an extremely 

L.»>'l I- I .illMi •■ I I if ( 'loill.41' Ill^itot'V 



ha.l : y., ^ 

early period ..f Chinese history. 

It is m.iro than sin;;ular that a ninnl 



It is m.'ro than sin;;ular that a ninnher ol the L,'reatcst iichiuvu- 
nietits ipf ni'idern .scieiici! have h.ani di-eo\ uiv.l |o lie inventi.uis <if 
lle.usan.is of years h.ick, aiel to have Iieen in comm.ni use for iiiaiiy 
.iMitnries lpy Itie inliahitants of the 1 elestial Kinpire. Ii isllie Cfni- 
ciirri'iil testimony 'pf all hitoncal and L{eo:,n"aphical <*him;s.' writers, 
that SaiiL,' Ijoaiii^, the eomman-h'r of the iinny of ICaoii- V~. m, the ti"st 
of the Ham dynasty, nud.ul .ok ami eomplete.l the cmstriiction of 
fipa.ls tlir.tii.ih the inoiintaimms l*roviiie'* of Shen.sa, in -oniu loealities 
of which he ereclc'l iron l»ridi,'es, restiiiLT ..it piM.iws or ahutments 
and III some particular e-ises he accpmplishe.l the pr<p)cct of susipcml- 
in-^' Ipi'i.l^es fr.tm one mountain to aim! her, over deep chasm-, t hie .pf 
ll i.ii ... ; . ;.. ■CI ,,. .,.....».. I iiio c. .1 i' ... . t . 



Ipl'i.l^es 1 1. till one iiioioii.viii MP .iinx iiei , ' i\ ,-i i niuj. v.iiasill~. ' 'lie pp 

thesi' still exists ill Sheiisa, stretohiii;,' HiD feet from m.piuit.iin t 
'•■■' I'u-e than ."ilK» feet deep, over whici 



inountain. a<'ros> a ehastii nio.,.. ..,4 .■- .^^ ^ m< |>. <•> vi niii<.ii 

ride ahn'ast. Itesides this, the ^'reat Niaifara 
'" ' "' "eiifhth Won. ler" at tin- lime of 



four horsemen can 
Snspensi.iii ltri.lL,'e, wliicli w.is ih 



its i;onstrnction, pales into in.^e^niti.anee. 

Work pr.pc.'oded apace on the Chamliere liridi,'e. \ wtMiden truss 
of '2\'2 fe.'t sjian was i-rocted .hiring 'he season hy tho aid .pf jacks ami 
hoists phiee.l on hc..ws, aiicliored in the stream ; l.tit wlu-n nearly eoin- 



pleti 



phte.i it was overturned hy a violent f,'alo. 

,\nol!ier w;is imme<liately cipmineiiced, ;in<i oarrie.l to i-onipi.-. m.h 
durinii the snmnu'r of I.S27. This lastcl till lH;Ui, when it al.so fell, 
hikI the. inly eominunication hetweun the North uii.l South shores was 
hy ttMriaite, for a nnmher of years. 

Kiiially, imm.p|i.it'-Iy on the I'liioii .pf tin- I'rox inces in ISll. step.i 
w. retaken t.^ r.-new the inter rrovinei;il communication, an. I in the 
suiiiiiiPM- of IMlL'tlie present si.h:ndi<l i*tructure waa coiamencjU by 



I'll' 



m 



XXIV. 



HISTORICAL. SK 



Al6X«nilc>r Olirntii', wm iif Dr. (^hrinlic, prinliiiiiily rofi'rri"! In uii niH' 
uf thi' llrat rurtiili'iiU <>f iiM MylMWii. Tin' ili'Kiuii wiialiy tliii I'llcliritlKl 
•iigiiu't'r, Siiiimiil KnifiT. Ii nivu|iii'<l ui< r Iwu yriiri in oHimliiiili'iii, 
thtt lUiinoiiry l>uiii|( KivuM liy coiiiriM-i In Aluxiiiiilri' ('lirJMtii-, nirl iIm' 
•U|i«ritriiutiiru to Mi'Hiii'H. I). Wilkin^MH A S..|i. Slu^.l^ hiii Imill "f 
aiilliciuiit li'iiKtIi t" fit'iir llu' Iniiti itii'l limit) winx uIikm »< m^ MuaiuiMil 
ill Hupiiort tlu* aii|)itrHtriii'tiii'i-, iui>l ihfy ntii' iiiaiiiil'.u'tiiii-<| on llir ii|iol. 
from till- lii-Mt i|iiitlity of Kn^linli iiii|>ort''<l tviii' > 'i*)! Hiniii'l of vshu'li 
wita timliiil to II iiti'iilh of 7lMI Ilia. Ih'lori' l>«ini{ ilar'l. jly llli'iili'i of 
tuiiiiMiriiry iiicn, ovi-r win* |i thu wiri'a witi' ilr.iwn, ;it a •liat:inri< I'liiml 
to tliiil lii'lwiMMi tlici iii'niiiiiii'iil iiinra, win'ii lliry ilionl.l lir |p|iuc'il in 
tliuir tillill iHiHition, iiinl of linii'i'a or at.'iy . ill rr^illiir itoiiita lirlwi'i'ii 
tlitt jiiiira, to wliirit wi'ii{lita wi'i'i* iipiilii'^l ill |iro|ioi'(ion h-* llii> iiiiiiii 
win' tliii'ki'iiiKl liy tlir ml'lilioii of muli .outi'iiIiii:! aiiiiill»iiv In ila 
roiii|>oNitioii iiiiJ tiiiullv, liv iiii'.iiiH of iiiiii'liiiirry for tninliiiL; tliii -•inull 
winia into |HMitioii, iiiul at tli<' aiiiiu* tiiiii> IioMiiil; (Iniii to ilio |iro|irr 
" atriiiii " -lui iH|ii{il iiiiioiiiit of ti-naion ivii.^ olitaint'<l for rvci-y atraihl 
of wliiL-li tho main wiri'H wwv roiii|ioMi-<l ; mnl ai* i-ai-li wan tiiii.4lii-<l ii 
waa ailrt|M'llil<'il from IIk' [ai'|iarril ri"4tili|^ phu'i'M in lli< it-iilal way. 
to makii room for I In' ' 'ii»lriii:tioii of tin' inxt 

()ri|/inally, tln-ro wfri- "uvrii liritli,'i-' in tin- ayKti'iii i-oiMtitiiliin; lliu 
I'liioii llriil|{u, <li'j<i|4iiali''l ri'>i|iiirtivily 111 lln' I'lil'lir Work» 'loi'iinii'iiis, 
wlnri'ViT ri'frri'i'il to, aa tin- lat, :iii'i, :ii'il, iinl Itli. of uliirlitlio Mnl 
waa lliu Sii»ii.'ll»ioli I'.ll'lji- ; lllu llll till' atolli' I'ri'lui', hi'twiull ila 
North jiirraii'l llo't'ity of Hull ; airl llio lat ami 'Jii'l, l.liii'i'ii Trnit 
Htrilrtlirra ovi't ill.' aliili'-, 'I'llfri' wi'l'i- aU.. till'..' tiiiilnr liri'lyt'H "f 
Rtriii|^''ra on ln'iita, known a^ tin- ai<li- lni<lu>- I" \'i(-iona l.ilainl, tin' 
aiili' liriil|{i'a to Alliiirt Ulainl, ami I'ooliy'n llrni:,"' Tin I illor nan a.. 
immi'il liyl'ol. Ily altfr an ollicir of tin' Kii'^'imir", iiinlir wlioii' 
chiirKd It waa ronntriti'lt'il. 

'rilo ilimi'liaiona of tlioac liri'liir.s (ai lln-y ivfrr. aft' r linii'^ more or 
liiaa altiTi'il ami rnii'M't'il, 11)1 l-i tin' lilm'ot Conlr.lrration > ivai; Lit, tl,"i 
fi'i't loiiK Ipy IHliroaJ ; '-'ml, l!--! Iiy '-'''i ; :ii'.l (SniiHiiiion , '-'.HI hy '.';i 

fi-i'l Ii iiiolna ; ami tin' Itli, 1,1-11 fnrl :i iiicln'i loii),'. Tin' two for r 

wiTU uiim|ilut<'<l ill IHI:l, ami tin' two latt< r in IH|.|. .S|.|iarati' atal< - 

nii'llta iif tin- 'Oil .ifi'ac'li'l t ipin.ir, Iml lln' tolal original ro"! I'f 

lliii four waa «iiHl,l'»rt.7H. 'I'll.' \ n-t'ii'iii Ulan. I liri.luf, :i:) Iri'l in Icimlli, 
waa not i'oiii|ili'Vi'il till IM..:| ; ami tin' .Alhcrl lilainl I'.rnlui'. nil ti'it, 
iiml I'ooliy'a llriil«i', Mil fill (alti'i.ili.ins, .Vn., in iH.'iT. 'I'lii'v ii.ist 
rusiii" •ivi'ly,«i:i,'.'''."i.ri(i, *.t:U.7:!, ami !»«l7.iiii. I'p to ( '.infi'.|i'nrti..ii a 
fiirlh Taiim ofi."i,'Jiiii.7ii w.1.1 fviioml'-l in ISiil in ri'plai.'iiii{ tin' oii;<iiial 

liuuiiia of till! Suapi'iiaion llri'lur, wliiili mri' "f «' i, witli imnlrrii 

iron oiii'a, on wliicli till' alriiii<ii'a now ii'si. 

.''iiiiuu l''iiifii'i''ratioii, all tin' aliovr lint lln' .S.i.i|n'naioii Uri.loi' in- 
cimtiiiu tl"' l''il' ari'hi'il anpi'.p.n'li) liavn li.iii liini.'.l on-r 1.. Ilio loral 
aiilhoritii'a, ami tlioai' over tin' alnlra now calli'il llii't'liainlii'ii' llri.|.,;i'a 
wrri! ri'plari'il liy tlui City tlotrrnnu'iit, in IH7."i-ri, Ky tpli'ii.li.i ii'..ii 
atrui'turua on pii-ra of aoliti iiia.ionry. i'lii'siipi-ralnirliiii's w.-n- inaiiii- 
factiiri'il ami I'l'oi'tril liy tln'C.inlon IHiio llriilno IJo., ami tlii'lr total 
coat wiia ?4.'i,i«iii. I'ooli'y'n llri.l;.!!'. now a .soliil atom' way, liaa Im'uii 
ri'iiowi'il iif lull' at It I'oat of !i|.s,iiiiii. 

'riuirii ia no fnrtlu'r pr.ipiily in tlii' t'ily iimlir tin' I'.iiitrol of 1 Im 
Doniinioii (iovi'rnimnt ; tii..ii.,'li of tin' liriifn.'a williin tin' cor; .oral 1011 
liiiiita, ill ailililion lo tlioii' alri'aily liann.l, liny .il'ii,'in,illy I'liill ami 
ownuil till' Sappi'l'.s' Itnili;.', tin' X.'W K.linl.iir^ll liri.!','.-. aii.i tin lil'i.l...!.' 
ovir till' lUiliiail, at ('ilinininna' l:ilaml, .m tin' " Kinu'i Ifi.nl." 'I'lii' 
f.iriimr waa Imilt In t!ol. Ity'a .'^.ippi'ri, wlioai' mi'tma-y in ri't.'alli'.l l.y 
tliu iiaiiin it lirara. It aloo.l aa orioinally Iniill till IH7:I|, win'ii it w.ia 
I'lilar^iiil ami iliiproviMl at tin- aaini' tiin.' liiitli'i-iii Itn.li;.' waalniilt. 
Tliia lattur ia oni' of llii' lim-Ht liri.l'^'os of its 1, ■11^1, n, i),,. Il.iiniiiion 
It coliaiata of tlirt'i' iron ari'li.'.i li'sliin,' on ilri'aai'.l linii'al.aii' alnil 
iiionta, with uiit-atoni' ornanit'iital pillar-. It is oiiari|i>i| l»y a vnry 
Imnilaiiniu iron railing, ia of thn f nil wnltli of Ki'lraii Slrci'l, ami rost 
with thi' .oiitinnporaiy mlilitiona to tlii'Sappora' llriilK'' ?'!"l.oiHi. 'I'liii 
lattiT waa till! avunili' of I'oliinniliii'alion ImIwi'i'Ii tin' Iw.i |iallsoflln. 
City I'll to IHI'ill, Uuriiii; Unit year tin' Maria .SI ri'. I llri'lgi' wan Iniiltat a 

cost o. i'i,(M)ii. It ia a w li-ii atrnctiirc, rcatiii:; 011 atone pii-ra ; i-i very 

Biiliatantiiil ami niiiti' ornaineiital, aa will aa e.\lreiiiely ii-efiil. \ new 
briilxe waa liiiilt over the Itiil.'ail, nil I'ttuwa Street, a few yeara aif.i, 
lit a coat of #;t,(H»l. 

While on the anlijeel of liriilues, it wonM le iiu]iroper to omit refer- 
ence to the atreeta, theae two liraneliea uf the eiioiiieer'* ileparlnieiit 
beinK alwaya intiiiialely eonneote.l. It ia nnneee-aary to oive a very 
exteiiaivo ileaeripli.ui, Inil will aiiHiee toaay lli.il the i'iiy i» wi.l| Piiil 
out —for the iiioat part on the rei'tani;iilar plan tli.il llie atreeta are 
generally clean ami well oraikl, ami vaiy in wi.lili from ilil 1.. '.I'.t feel. 
Although there were Init '."Jj in lea.. f alr.eta in I he en lire ( 'ity in l-^.'ll, 
thurii Wiiro on .laiiiiary lat, li"H, just thai iiniiilter of iiiilea of inifirnri'l 
■trruta on the eiiat .i'le of llie t-^imil al.iiie ;'ihe l.ital leii^ih of atreela 
in that quarter heini,' :I0], of which 7| are either pave.l ..r mae.i.l.iin 
iaeil. On the wuat aiile there waa a I'.i.il .if 2:1/ niilea. "f wliieh al.oiu 
24 inilos are iniproveil, ami (il, pave.l or iiiai'a.iaini/.iil. 

Having been ilrawii by llie cl..ae relali.piisliip of a parlieiilar braneli 
of the Dominion I'liblie 'tVorka to iho.aeoi the Mniiieipal Corpp.rati.pii, 
it might be as well here t.i refer in iletail, yet brielly. t.p the lalti'r, 
which, as we have previonaly intiniate.l, are in aoine le-peita only in 
ferior to those of the N'ali.pnal I l.pveriiinenl ; while in every point they 
are of a character which inl'la very inateriiill, to the beantiea ami .le 
vclopnient of the City, ami relleet the liii,'lieal ere. lit alike upon the 
forethoughl ami enterprise of ita eitizeni ami its pnbli.- aervanta, 
particularly in the Engi'ieers' Depart iiieiit. who were inlriiale.l with 
the planning anil execution of the several worka. .\inl of thi'ae, the 
line of the greatest Importance, aa well aa the greatest magnitmle, is 
the 

WATERWORKS, 

Which is tho result nf many viuvrs ..f ciiirful •leliliuration, 
comltinui) with ilisoiinltxl seliunieH iiiitl ;iliiinil(imHl I'^iiurinKriiU, thu 
nature i)f IhiiiyH liL-iiij; hiu-Ii in Ottiiw;i, lli.il t't irulmli' the two chii-f 
points in such cast's ulwayf" H'Hiijiit afttT -thu clii'a|n,'st Hiothuil uf oiri- 
8tnictinnc<>ni|)iitil>lo with tiici iinmt ('oMiiilole KiruMtincy-fcn'iinjtl a.stiiily 
whifh gave wiih; grimtid for iliHV'n'hOi! ;un.ing tho nmsi export en- 
giiiunrfl. 

Aa to wator-worksj,'oni!ralljf,we rriiglil nlmervtw;! jKif^>nit that fruni 
tho earliest hititoric times the water Hii[)|ily if j,'re!it riiifs has hcen 
among the mnstilt'eply al^e^•tin^; pn'Meins nf their |Mi!itUMl ami iiitertial 
economy. Some of the-e great works .if the ancient cenlreH tpf nia.sHea (»f 
[itipulation still in part remain to hear trilmle tit the Hniierinraliility of 
tho engintturs of an uarliur day. Among tho tinest of thosti nre the 



(UlM0i|MCt>4 of th(» lloUllltM. whoHO ['4- 

gii'iit |iilMie woiki4 liiiuMMileil to a m 

^'rariijeut' of ^inieof thvHi- workx ;t 
<ir reitlixutii'ii. In wat«rwayii imrticiil 
atinri witli ^ruat mii^nilictiiiue, a pero 
(luHit^nnt • he eti-rn«l ; ttlei then etf 
I'l'Mi Ii iMiie a pviictjeal dt'li'Mi' i' 

^'iiitiiiu <l<'wn to mnre iii"<l<ii'n tine 
of expeiiHe an-l lahor in aecuiiiphtltin^' 
the invention-, urel apph>-ali<<n of m-' 
of vv^ti-i' Hi'i'ki now III lete are, 'in tin 
fiMiii (lie iiatni'n of thin^'it, in amuv n 
Wiiliout going into the many piiintrtot • 
til. It tliiMliief eiihniit.i III thi< uneieiii y 
tulnii ihiMUi^hont, (li»- canieipieni 
we.itlh-i \<v\i\-^ matter'*! lew^i MercMU < 
eities tincf^ grown to great importuiii-u 
inotr iiii'h'iiient citmuit , whereart llie 
nijileruroiiiKJ NyNlem, where llie natnm 
collie hy mechanical apptiaiiceH. The a 
aiimit.-* of a« maii\ ilegrnfi..f variety 
tle'iiiaelvet, iiinl ii waM ihu vi-ry fact 
which leflOttavwi -o tnng unilechle<l n.% 
well-nigh Huhjecte.l it to .leHtrin-tioi 
Huveral oi'iMKi.iiii tM'e tliu proper preve 
linallv iiitiK'luceil, 

'liiere luv many of tin- nio'^t iiiaKni 
Mcalteieij tlii-niglioiit the lavgo ritien of 
ciiiiipan<i Hiih till- Hi?,e of her cttie 
pnpiilalioii, i.i liy im meant Itehimlliai 
Hiieh \V'>rkH was known lo Aiiit'iit 
the Allielicall eoiititielit liy KiM'^peaii 
ineiiiHot ijeteiniiniiii^. The M-.tite/iii 
which in many respectj* ri\alli:'il thom- 1 

Cnmuig down tonni'owii time, wi< t 
Hitpply wynteni!* of the present a^^'i- are t 
tative cities of thu Kasterii and WeHteii 
t'hicago. 'The fonnur in more after llu 
hroiiKht from theceleliratud *'roton l,i 
liy meant of thu most inagiiificetit a<|ii 
hiiti'd fi'iin iiiimemie reservoirs at tn^li 
the city. The latter coiiMists cliiully i.l 
kiid Solid masonry carried more than th 
To accomplish the completi'Ui of tliis 
yeai'Hof tune and many millions of nioi 
timi, lo.iked npoii at tlie time as the " 

Though the Ottawa Waterworks 
ahove in extent orgran.leiir, (liey are i 
plotu a-jinictto the puhlic workn of the 
causes which rcsiilted in Iheir con.itni 
action was taki^i hy a resolution introdiu 
l;(tli, IH.VJ. reiiue.-ittug TIem. (' Keefer 
information on tin- snhject at the Karl 
the iiiformati<iu ihns furui.>«lied, a Coiui 
thu matter was entrusted soi.u re|iortetl 
llm I'omininn authorities for a rcservoi 
prnile:,'e to erect water power at the (' 
Ai>ril, IHHO, a liehct t'ommiltoe was aj 
then-suit ot the survey inaugurated hy 
liiiiig lepi'rted to the Council in May I'o 

Tost of (Irainage 

" " Water- Mi-rks, pro[ier 

'* *' .Macadamizing 



(..'ontingeiiciea ami Superintendence (10 

So muih diM-u.-^aioii and altercation wi 
report iiiiompaiiying tile e-timale, that t 
the time. Ilnng ifvivi'.l in Mareh. 1*^1 
Zens' coiniiiittees to collet t t'resh informal 
poratinn were now deteni'.ined to held al 
pioini-in„ all pt.v-ilile «.up|>ort to any con 
At till' 1''IU>-G7 ^e.'-sioii i.f (Parliament a 
applied lol, hut ohjectioliahlo conditions 
goveriiimnl to oppo>e it, and it failed, 
jecl wa.s inaugunitetl hy the report of the 
nieiidiiig a -ileam-pumpiiig engine at 
and give a low pre-.-uie intermittent <e 
every other day, at a cost of S<H)n,(HH 
appointed ai^ain "to uhlain infoiniati' 
Kpeciai t'tiinmittee recnmiiiendetl the eiig; 
liiiiiliiig the outlay to ^MtKi.tXU). After 
tion witii tin- ( ioveriiiiiciil tor water priv 
were liiially r.lu-ed, the ahove .-clieiiie wii 
iiig wa' given it in ttctoher, lh7", hy tli 
of that year ravagi-d the Ottawa V'alle 
tmaiiiiuity, and o\' Jealon.-*y hetweeii t!ic i 
wa-< again ahandotied. The whole of 
cussiiig vari'iiis schemes, which were eacli 
of cau-^e>. when the terrihie tire at ( '!ii 
into resolute action the sentiment which 
had only partially aroused ; and thus, e; 
and a^^itation of 1*2 years' duration, a coi 
decided upon, which, hut for the diaastrou 
would nio^l likely have lieeii delayed n. 
all. It in, perhaps, well that actiiui in tli' 
lia<l the worka heen undertaken in eaili* 
that the pie>ent niagniticeiit system wh 
not have cxi.sted on !<o complete and dlit 
tortile future iieed^ol' a glowing nietropi 
We have tlevoted uioie space than wi 
Water-works from their inception. V 
pre-^eiit exist, tt is only necessary to say I 
<it' the kind that can he deviled. The 
hrought from the river ahove Cliaiulii 
quarried out nf the solid ruck, across (' 
house," wherein is the machinery of the 



5TOKICAL SKETCH OF IIIH 



|llo.lili.'l« rif lliu Ucillllins. nllMKii IHTlilo ill (Ih I mliuimkl"!! "I lUsir 

iiii imlilii' wiiikn n iiiilwl 1" a iniiiiiu. Th.- ..ri)jiii«l ii\|."ii»i> aii'l 

iiii.liur i,f viiiiuiir lliine wi.rkH III,' l.«y I Mill- |.ru»«-iil cininitiiliiiii 

•ii'iilijiilM II, III wiilerwnjt |miti.iiliirl.v tliiiy inti."l«> oil, in I'niiiliili 
liiii Willi ^I'uiit iiiiit(iiili>!i<ii>.'«, a |ii'ruiiiiiHii>'> uiiil iliti'itl>ilily ••'ciiiiiigly 
iHijjiHil . \m .'tiTiinl ; mill iIh-ii «ilf..i'U, in «"iu(i cu»e»ul li'iwt, liuvu 
■ Mill iiiiii' 11 |inicliral (li'li \iM I 

('"iiiuiK il'iwii 1" iimri' iiiH.luni t «, «•■ liini -1' H ft vntt |.ru|iurtiiJii 

px|'i'ii«ii Hii'l liiliiir in iii'u<iiii|iliiliiiiK '''I'l >' " 1114 lm« l»'en »ii»i"l liy 

I ill V Lilt inil^ lllhl ll{>|i|M'llli'>|| .if HI'ii l|«l . -ni : <i.it til* •tylllllinl ■) XtUlU 

w.iliT umiIih ii'ivv 111 ii.<u HIT, "II lli« nliil.-, wiiloly ilill'-i-tiiit, tli"ii({li 
Mil iliu iiiiliii'iiot' lliiiiK", in ».iiin'cii»i'»iiii'i iiiiiMliiii I'l'-'i'idiHyi'l miiiiliir. 
illi.iul giiiiiti iiil" '111' iimn.v iiHintHiif iliiri.ri.iiw, wuinlglil nmU'ly «l»''' 
.il llii'iliiuf rniHi«l« Ml tlii'Uiii'iiMit j'-t. Ill lii'iiiK "II" "f iiiitiirnl i,'rii\ i- 
ti III tlir"in;li"iil, III! ii»iit>»|in'hi i'»p"!iiir. ' 111!' W"il,'i I" iho 
i.illii'l lii'iii;( limltor "f liiHi niTliillii r"iiMi'i(iii Tim ihiiii il vviiiiil lio ill 
ii'» iiiiiB Krciwn 10 ((n'iit iiii|iiirliii»'B in lumi- nurtlii'in lalitinlin iiihI 

iiiT iiu-1 Il Dliiiitin i wliiii'mm lliu iu".lurii m f"r llir iii"«t |iiirl iiii 

MlirKi'iiiiinl Hjnii'iii, wlii'ii' lliii iiiitiirRl n -iiltn "f Kiiivitiiti iro i.viT- 

nil' liy iiiiiuliuiin'>il sipiiliiiiifoH. Tlio ii|.|'lirfiti"n itf llin niiiili'iii nyKtuni 
iiiiIm "f iiH iii;iii\ ili'Ui'w 1 "f viirii'ly ii» lln' iiiiiiiIht "f whUt imi'ki 
iiii»i'lvi',<, iiiil II «ii« llii» VI ry fuel ii.lviiulinfriiin iih il I'lTtiiiiilj' in ■ 
Hull li'fi I Itliiwii -11 liiiiK iiiiilri'iili'il n« I" w hirli ivii» lii'^i m iii|"iil, himI 
■ll-lll^'ll siiliji'i'li'il il t" ilii.ili'iu'hiiii liy till' ili'Vi'iMinK I'li'iiioiil iiii 
mi'iil "1 . iHMiin nil' lliM |ii'ii|nii' |ii'cv>iilivi' for tiicli i.i>iirinKiiii>'iu.i wu* 
i.iltv liill'i'luri'il. 

I'liirr 111" iiiiiiiy iif III!' niii-l nmnnilli'iMit wfttur ivmkii fmr known 
iittiiri'il ilii"iii(li"iil lliiiliirwii I'ilui'i iif llu' I'liidiil Siah'n, iiiul <'iiiiiiiln, 
iiil>iii'r'l Willi tin- iiixii "f liiT ritii'o, mill the ri'>|iiiri'intjiitM "f tliii 
i|<iil;ili"ii, in liy II" iiii'iiiis lii'liiiiillifiii'l. lint tlii* miIih- hiiiI iiki' i>f 
rli ni'i-kn w.i^ kiiiiwii I" Aiiii'rii'iiii'4 I'Voii ItofiiiT till' iliiii'iivi'ry of 
1' Aiiii'iiiiiii I'liiiliiu'iil liy Kiii"|ii'iiii>i li"»- li'iii,' Imfiirii wu lm\ii II" 
i'iit.4 "f lii'tuniiiiiiiii^. 'I'll*' Moiili-'/iiiiiiiH vvi'i-ii liiiilili-rs nf lupifitiirta 
liii'li ill iiiiuiy ri'siux'lH ri\iilli-il tliiiiH'-if tin- {{"Iiihiih. 

t'oiiiiii^ iliiwii t" "iir iivvii I i IIKI, wi< till! I tilt* nil I'll I'rtulii-nli'il wiitur 
i|i|ilS' wv-itciiia tif till' I'lfii'llt ii;,'i' ftl'i! tlliiiHi' "f t'"' tivit ;,,'ri';it rt'|i|-i'fi()li- 
livi'i'iiius Iif tliu K.mlLii'ii mill Wi'Hti'rn I'liiti'il 'Glutei Ni.'tt Yurk mnl 
llicil^li. 'I'liti fiii'inur ifi nil lie iifUT tlin '■ "iiian s/ituiii, tin- wnti-r In-iiig 
■iiiii(lit frmii tlioorli'liniluil I'niliiU liaki . many imIi'.h ii tliu inti'rinr, 
mil, HIS "f lliu miiHl iiiaKiiifici'iit niiiii;i|iii:t» in vim • i, miit ilislri- 
iti'il fi'iiiii iiniiK-iiHi! ruMLTviiirri at lii^^li altitiiilcH int'ii' iipiicr |>ai-t "f 
I'l'ilv 'I'lui latlui' niiiHisIs i-liititly "I an iiniiiciiHii tiiiinrl "f iiiiiHiiva 
III Miiiiil iiia.Hiiiii-y rarriuii iiiiiru tliiiii tlirun iiiiltis niiilcr Laku Mii'iii^mi. 
I ai'i-"iii|ili»li lliu C"iii|i|i'liiiii iif this Kix'aiitii- w.irk in-iiliiiiil many 
'ai'Hiif tiniuanil mmiy iiiilli"iin of mniiuy , mnl it wa^, ivitlnnit uxrt'ii- 
ili, liiiiki'il iliiiill at till' tiiiii' an the " ui|,'hlli wiiinlii'" "I tlio ttorlil. 

TliiiiiKli tlu' Ottawa Wati-r wurks riin uiiiiipiitr ivitli ncitlu'i' "f tlin 
iovt' ill i'Xtt.'iit iir kii'aiiili'ur, tlu-y an- Htill a iii".it in |i"rtaiit itinl c"iii- 
olu a'.jiiiii't 111 tin; piililii' wiirkii lit till' l'a|iitii!. Hi ii'lVruni.'i.' t" tin' 
iiiHi-ii wliit'li ri'Aiilti-il 111 ilii-ir riinstnictiiin, we liinl the tirst iitlli'ial 
III III wa.i takiiji liy a i-i'Hiiliiti"ii inti'iiilncfil into thu City t'liiiiK-il, .luiio 
Itli, IH.V.I, I'dinuHiiin; Tliiin. V Kt'ufi'f, t-'.E., " to allinil thin I'liiiiu'il 
fiinnatiiili mi tin- .iulijei'l at the liar "f nuiil i '"iilii'il." I''iilliiwiiii^ 
e infiiniiatiiiti tlin-i filrui^hml, a t'liiumillt-i! nf the I 'miiieil t" whuin 
« matter was oiitriiHte'l Hmiii repurteil a reoiimini-niUilimi to iqiiily to 
e hiiiiiiiiiiiii uiitlioritieM fni- u reHt'i-vnir iiite nn rarliaiiicnt [|i|], ami 
ivileije t" erect water piiwer at the Cliauilibre t" siiiiply it ; aii'l in 
iril, IrtiU), a Helect I'liiiiinittee wan atiiiniiiteil I" iirneiiro entimateH, 
e riHiill Iif the survey inaili'urateil liy them in .1 iily iif the amnu year 
nil,' lepi'i-teil til the t^'iiiincil in May lulluwiny, as lielnw : 

llralliayu JlH,'i,ri."i.'i fiu 

Waler-wiirks, pi'iiper 3HII,(i.'iJ (X) 

Maca.laiiiiziiit,' tM7,2!i:i 93 

?I,r)23,u(il 18 
. . lf)L',;Ciii 01 



ntingeiicies and Siiperiiiteinlenc'e (10 per cent. 



?l,t!7f),»r)l 41) 

iinuli ilisriisaiiiii anil iilterratinii wen* prnvnkeil liy tlie Kiij^iiner's 

rl iiii'iiiiipaiiyinn the i-tiimite, that the whnle thing fell tliriiii;;h fur 

I'. lli'iti}4 revivi'il ill .Mai'ih, 1 ''I! I, liy the appnintiiieiil nf eiti- 

iiimitti-i'-i t" i-iiUi-it fii-'h infiinniitiiin, \-i'., it Wiis Inuiiil the C'lir- 

liiiii were iiiiw ileti'nr.ineil t" liulit almil li-nm the enterpri-e, thuiigh 

li-iii. all pii—ihle >.upp.irt til any eiiinpany wlm wmihl iiii.lertuke it. 

the I^iii'i-G" >e>sii'ii nf Parliament mi " Art "1 Iniiiiiiiinitiiiii" was 

ieil I'm, hilt iiliieiliiiiialilu I'liinlitiiiiis ill the eharler iilitineil the t'ity 

Illellt III "ppii^e it, allil it laiieil. The lie\t ili'Clls,>iii|l iif the luli- 

wa^ inaiinurateil hy the repnrl nf the City Eii^'iiieer, in t^^ll.s, recmn- 
liiij; a «le,iiii-piimpinn eii);ine at the Hay, tn till tire tanks 
>,'ive a liiw pre>>llle Mitel Iniltellt lervice lor hiniseliiihl piirpiises 
■■ lither ilay, at a inst nf SUHMKHi. The uiiial Ciunmittee was 
inleil iiL^ain "to iilitiiiii iiil'm niatimi," ami in Feliniary, 18li!», a 
ial C"mmittee renniimellileil the eli;;agelnelit "f T, 0, Keel'er, C.E. , 
1111" the iiullay 1" 3:illi>,0iKl. After much ilisriissiiiii nuil iie^jntia- 
vith the lluvernmeiit Inr water privileges at the Chamlieie, whicli 
liiially relii^eil, tile iili"\e ^ilieine was alianiluni'il. Another awakeu- 
u,i- ^iveii it ill (Kliilier, It-Tii, liy the L'leat fires whiih in .Vueust 

al year ra\:igeil the tittawa Valley, nut on ai iint of want nf 

iiiiiiy, mill of jealiiii^y lieHveeii theiliU'ereut -ei'tiiiiisiif the City, it 
i^iiin aliainloneil. The whole of the year IsTl was spent in liis- 
Lg variiiiis si-hemes, whieli were eaeli rejeeteil in turn frnin a variety 
allies, wlieii the lerrililH liio at Chicago miurreil, ami ilevelopt-il 
resiilute aelioii the sentiment wliieh tlie lires of the previniis year 
only iiarlially aniiiseil ; ami thus, early in 1872, after a ventilation 
a',;itatiiin of 1'2 years' iliiratioii, a eoiuprehensivf seheiue was at last 
hil llpiiu, wliieh, lillt for the ilisastroiis oeeunelices almve rel'erreil to, 
111 tnii^t likely have heeii ilelayed ihiieli lonnt-r, if ever u.veeuteil at 
It i.^, perhaps, well that aetiuii ill the matter was so far ilelaveii, lor 
the Works lieeii uiiilertakeii in earlier years, it is more tliaii likely 
the present niaj,'iiiriceiil system wliieh now (;raoes the Cilv wnulil 
liave exi>teil oil s" I'limplete ainl etlieieiit a plan, or one :io i[e>iralile 

the future neeiNiif a ^;rowill{,,' metliipolis. 

We have ilevoteil mole ~paie than we iiitemlfil to the /ii'adir;/ of the 
■r-works from their iiieeptioii. With ri'|,'aril to them as they at 
lit exi-^1, il is only iieeessary to say that they are the iiiost cmnplcte 

e killil that can he devi-eil. The power is supplied hy Hater 
,l};lit I'lom the river almve Chmuliere Kails, tliroU(;li a'elialiiiel 
■il out .if the solid roik, aei'oas Chaudiere Flats, The " wlieel- 
' wheieiii is the maehiiierv of the system, is iit the comer of Uiike 



ami \Vi'lliii)(l..h streren.anil i«nliiglili nitte ilrtieturo .ifi'ul liliietloii*. 
All III luriimniliinis, i«» well u- 'lie I . idjjM 1 Ii'->1IH( '■tn' Wuler-wnik" 
I liaiiiiel at 'lie viirioiis strei-l- 1 i, eJ liy il, are »oliil arilie- of ilr>'s»ei| 

liincst , anil nf iili'a>iu)| ili'si;<n uiiil iiiiiiiiiodioiis wiillli Tlie 

iiiinlilni i> it-ell IS of the most appriiVeil roiiJtiiirlii.il and ailn.inilili' 
I workmaiidiip, ,iml .ipeiiiiis in 11 iitenilly p« rfe- 1 iiianini', and i» capiilde 
I III <iipplyiiiK KI.INHi.iKKi i(ii! of wati r every Kl hiiiMi The e..»t ..I the 
wln.le .vlem wa- *l,itl ),iKi(i, div nlnl ii» follows : 
Water powei, lUiliiiliiiH whul li»n-e iiiid li.uinlatii.iif, mine- 

.lint ami all - riietiirta eonnmle'l tbnivAiklt t'-l.'>.'XIO 

I'llmpiii),' Milihllniv "H'.'HW 

Ihstllliiitioli, iliilllilillg I'ulved ,, lL'(),tHMl 

Kire Alaiiii 7,on« 

KiiKiiieeriiiK -lO.UIlO 

87^J,o.M) 

tinnni'inl, land, ami Keimial ehar^ra I7:.',000 

.Siil.sei|iiiiit ;i, ml li.r extras, Ac HH),(ioO 

I (ii,nii,iKio 

Mr. William Kennedy is .Siipleiiiileinlenl "f Work . ind .Mes.r^. 
Ili>;tfiiis uinl llriiwn are tlie Engineer- in 1 liaini . 

The Wiiiei-w.irksaie iniiiiiigeil l.\ a llii.ii.lul 1 '"lllmi■•l|||n•t-l■ollsi^l- 

illgof live liielilliers one liiillg eleiled linnllally llolll e.iell W.llil hy 

piipiihir vote, Th.iie l.ir 187i ,iie .Me-«rs, Cuniiin;{haiii Cliairinani, 
i Cowan, CiiU'ey, Hope, and I'iii.nd, 
I TiiK KiiiK Dr.inKiMK.VT, I.eiiiK really a part "f tlm almve sy^-iem, 

shiiiilil he meiiliiiiii'd in the laiiie iiiniiei'liiiii. .\s at pn-eiil eon-titiitid. 

it i- a mixed lilliil .Hid volunteer hilee. Till re an- tWosli.iiu lire 1 lli;il|i s, 

one lliiok and liadiler Coinpmiy ami Imii Hose I 'oiiiiianii", with a full 
1 eiimph'iin III III paid men, .Hid li,i\ iiig -nppleineiital Volunteer (^l|||pann'- 
, all. Il hid to them, iiiiiiil.irin;; iie.uly Imi men, 

Willmiit the diiiliti-t inliie^l III tile matter, we ran f.iirly slate ih.it 
i tlie ( III. iwa File Deiiartmeiil i-..iie of the very lust in .ill Canada , .iml 
in Ceiilnil Caiiinla llieie i~ iiniie oilier even di-pnliii;.' ^iipri'iiiiicy with it. 
The lire siatioii- lielon-iii" 111 the City lost i<.'i,iii)(i. 

There are |,'i slatimi- of the Kilo Al.irni Teli-Kiiipli, I'nilii ouch of 
wlliill an ilecMie wire -..IllnU a Imll at the « lleeldimi-e, wllere the 
iiijuinium pie^^uie is in^l.intly applii'd, iiinler which ^tit-iiiiis eun he 
thrown I. vei the highest liiiildin^^ in the City, 

The [iiincipal otiii ers of the Departineiil are Cliiel Kn|{iiiecr VmiM),' 
anil .\--i~tiiiit-Kiii^ineer Kaviiaii, 

TiiK .Skw Kimm of . iiy eily i^ iiNo, if not the 1 liief, at least a vi ly 
iiiies^ary .nliuin-l lo a eomph'le .sy'teiii of w.iler.woik^, a* well as a ino>l 
indi^peiis.tlile leijiii^ite to tile i;eiieral health and ptiMi. iiiiivenieiiee. 
The ;,'ieiit expense atteiidiUit Upon exe.iviitioti lor 'ewers lieiii;,' prinoi- 
p.illy tlirmioh -olid mck) h,i- inalirially iiiterh'ied to eaii-e delay in 'he 
(ie\eliipnieiit and perl'.i limi of tile -ewiiai^e -y-tem here, iL-i il wa- aUo a 
cliiif eaiiM- of the Kieat n tmiliiniit nf the eompl. ti..ii of tin Water-work-. 
The villi I -ewer eiiintiieii. 1- ill I'pper Town, i- uf the ei.';,'--hape pattirn, ;i 
feet II iiii In.s In :i feet, liiiilt of lirick, and run- in an e.i.-teily diieeti.n 
tliroutjh eattliaiiil roekalteriialeh for 1,1 lliyari|s,at wliieh poini it-diuien- 

sions are imrea-eil t 1 l feet II ii.iln- l.V a ieet I ilnlie-, and it 11, lis llill" 

lor .'11 J yard.-, nio-tly through iaitli,wlieru it pa-se.-umlenieath the Itideau 

(.'anal, at wlii.li imiiit il i-, a;;aiii eiilari;eil to 11 feel U inches liy 4 hit 

-1 inches, ami liuilt with slone sides and hriek iirches, mostly tliriiii;;li 

eaith.hu a distiince ..f l'J2 yard-, where its eiiustruition i< «ouiii cli .ii;4ej 

to hiii-k entire, thiiiioh ii> iliiiieiisions leinain the same for a luithei dis- 

lanee nf 1, 1 Hi yard-. Here the ennstiiicliiiii ,11,'aiii 1 Inin^'e- to -ii.ne 

' tliniiinlimit, same -i/e and -hape hein^; letaimd, and after lonliniiiiij.' 

8i:t yards fiiitlier, inakinn a Inlal distanee of l,ll)a yard-, it di-eliarges 

. into the Ottawa, |ii-t a'.mve Hideaii Falls. The avenioe depth is within 

I afiaetioii of 'JHhet, the ;;r,iile varyiii;,' from l.'i to l-,'i in 101) except at 

I the ili-chaijje, where it increa-e- to ;H> in lOii, It was coinineiu'isl in 

l,s7 I, and look three years to loiiiplele. 

The only other s«wer of any account i- one in llie Chaiidii'ro Flats 
section, ■'711 yards in lenntli, also of the e(,'K-shiiiie pattern, varyin;; in 

size fr S feel liy -2 feet i inches at its head, to .( feet hy o feet •< 

inches at its mouth. The excavation i- alnio-t cntirel\- throunh -..lid 
rock, and the dischar^;e is in the t.iil-ra.e of the Water-wmk-, 

The iiliove two sewers.with a few otlieisnf enmparalive iii-i),Miilic,ini e, 
cost ujito .Ian. 1st, 1x78, the sum of ;*:i!l."i,iX)0, sin..' which time the wmk 
of draiiia^'c into the sewer- has heeii prnnies-iiio -lowly on ac.oiiiii of tin- 
depict. -.1 -t.ite of the tre.i-nry caiis.-d I numcroiis iirevioiisiindi rtakinu-i, 
coiiiilcd with the extreme pievailiiif,' cmniuercial deprussion. 

I'liK (i.vs Sii'1'i.y, though imt in any Ha\ under the conlnd of the 
(.'ily I'ulilic Works, is still so iiidmately connected with tin! w.iter and 
seweraoe -ystein of any city a- to der-ervc releieiic- in the >iiiii.- cnii- 
necliou. The Otiaw.i ( Jas Coinn.iuy was iiicniporiiti-d il; Is.'i 1, with a 
capital of §'-'110,000, and although it' has exleuiled its -y-teiii thrniinhniil 
the iirineip.il streets, with a hianch to N'ew Kdiiihiirgli.ihe consiiinptioii 
of the article is not nearly so large as is geiieially the case in towns of 
similar -i/e and pretensions, nor so consideiahle as might l.e expected. 
Tills is ac.-ounteil for hy the higk ]irici' of coal, and the eiiniiiious co-t 
of laying pipe in the rnck, over whidi a large pi-itinii of the city i- 
hitilt — these twii cir.iimstan.-es combining t.. prevent the intr.Mliiction nf 
gas for general lighting pur]mses. 

TiiK I'ui.iii: Fiiut'K iif the City is claimed, hy tlm-e lu-t ipialilied t.. 
speak "Il such III, liters, a.- Iieing uio-t alily orgaiii/.i-d and elliiieiitly con- . 

ducted. Of one thing We ai ertaiii, tli.it tln-y pn-se-s ihe geii.-i.il 

e.inti.ien.-e of tin- comiininity of who-e -alety a'ld welM.eiiig lliey aie 
the s]iecial guar.liai|i. The piesent e-I.ilili-hiinnt cnii.sists of 'J.-i men, 
comprising Chief Tim-, Lmigrel ; llelectivc- Win. M.Veiltv and .I..I111 
Haiming ; .S-rgeaiits K. I,. Horni.lge aii.l D.'iinis 1 iKeiie : .iii.l -JO 
I'atr.. linen. The I',.liie Station i- the lia-eineiit of the old H.ipii-i 
Church nil giiceii Street, which is cninlorlahly lilted up with all the 
reipii-ite ajipliancc-, including ollice-, cells, ,Vc., Ac, wliili; the Police 
Court is held in llie main p,irt of tli*- liuilding, 

TiiK City rriii.u- lirii.DiNiis in. Imle dii addition to the Kire ami 
Police Station-, and lie-ldi- the S, linol-, whi. li will l.e referred to else 
where) the I 'ily Hall ; the Market-, ."1 in niimlicr, and tin- K.gi-lry < iHi.e. 

Tin; C'lrv IIai.i., .mly lately completed, is one of the llm-t iuiildiiigs 
.if the kind in the Domiiiinn. It i-of the inodein -tyieol arcliitecliiie, 
with a leaning to the Kreiicli, and eoiistructed of massive dresMsl linie- 
stoii.l.l.icks, with ciit--l.iiie Iriniiniugs. It is centrally aii.l cnveiiieiitly 
loi al. d .III F.lgiii IStieet, ihe sipiaiv hoiiig laced on its hmr -i.les l.y the 
Uus.-.U H.. ii.se, the I iiion Il.iii-e, the new Coiigregatiiui il Chiircli! and 
the Canal. At its north-we-t cnrin r is a tower rising I7.'i tiet almve the 
pavement, in which are the luitleries, instruments, and machinery of the 



COUNTY OF CARLETON 



Vnv A aim 1 .■If^i-aph. From whichuver .liivdi,.ii vi,.»-«l, it iiiwonts 
iiKiMii.laii.l iiaiiosmBiipiKiranc.', whil,. it- iiitcriml uiT,iii;,'oiii'Mit- ,ire 
inn-I .•„mi,io,l.mH,m I .loi.mktc i„ all tliu .lutaiN. It .•uutuiiis tl„. .,tlia.,< 
"I tlif M;iv,>i-, Uity Ciiaiiil.orl.MU, CiiTk, Ti-.vHuivr, AsM-ssmviif ( 'um- 



iirc iiiiiciTMc'il it is ill! M.kn.iwli'.l^cl iii,i,lil .if it~ vh\f* 
ii|i|mni,-lio.l tilt! siiin.' li^i.ri' as ill.' O.nirl Hun-i: 

TlIK UKC^ISTin OPKli.K,, sitlUllril liisiil,' till' I'.illlt 



i ,1, i^«i„^ 1 . ri„'L,rn,i^f^^^^ ''"'"- : "'^'"^ '^^•irst,v..t,is ,,„it; similar ;„ si« «m:uuc,i:.;; 



1 

S>v.vtaiy, aii.l lliu liiiesl p„l,lic Cmual Hull Vvhici, «".' havTs,'.'™"!"!! 
tliia c.iiiatiT, witli ■^nllury, i-umuiilti'u r.ioins, A,-., \-,.,, ,-,,nip|,.te Tlif 
«'li..l,. ImiWiii^; is lii-aleii with stoam ami hut walrf. li..|iti.'l with .-is 
an.l vi'iililatclaccunliiij; to tlic iiicst aji|ir,.v,.,| tlii-..ii'os ■ wliil,- ."Vli 
olliii. is luxiiiiiiusly fiiuslK'(l,aTiil I'liniialif.l aii.l Mii.i.|iu.l witl'i all .l,,inlil,' 
r,...l,-rii iippliaiu'es, such as tiri-pr,„,r vaults, &i\, &c. Tli.' .Mitiiv .•nst 
.vas a trille .iver *M»,OtX), ami mi llif wli,,l,. it is « cr.'.lit as ttill as an 
cniaiiu-iit t.i till' (^tpit;il. 

TiiK MviiKKis iiulmU' Vm- iil.l liv Warl Markit, lli,' n.'w Bv \Vai-,i 
^1 iik.t, the W . lli„^.ti.ii Ward Mark.t, ami t«-.. siil„i,lian- Maiki-ts mi 
An-h-c.i ami Catlknit Si|iiaivs-ali imilt witliii th.' past scvi'ii veaia. 
• Thi-y i-.i-l ri'spi'i'tivily .*24 JiH), 8:11,0110, a'nl ,?:!l,i«i(l f,,r the tlirt'i- lirst 
ii,iiiu-.l. uhik' the axiiri-nati' i-ost ,il' the two lalt.-i wa- H; (iiui ,,r,.| i,,i ,| 
lor market* ul' *)l,,Mlo. Without the sli^;ht.-i e.\.iL:,'.-ralioii, w,- eaii 
ti'siily that no City in Ciiia.la isl.itier -iippli..,| in tin- '■ spi-et,' whether 
\'e louk .it till ilesijn a.i,l liiii,h ol the liiiihlinj,'. theiiiselecs, the tine 
ilisplays of marke , 1 le i.ro,lme of all kimU whi.h therein eliaiioe 
han.l-. .ir thei^eiieia. onveiiieiu'e ami piil.lie l.iii.-lit l.oth to the citizen- 
.mil till- iiihal.itaiits of the aojariiit rural distriits. 

TiiK liKiiisruv OrniE, on Niehola- Street, is hiiilt after the fjeiie- 
eral lioveniim-iit plan, hut in a very iniieli sujierior manner to the aver- 
ai;e, anil fully .■.|ual to the liesf we have seen. It eost a trille over 
•*lL'.iiiiii, auil likiall till' imhlic lMiiMiii(,'s ami puhlir enterprises In tin- 
I'm. 1- r.-.illy a . reilit to the place. .Vle.\. Hiinitt i- the present lieoi- 
tiMi.aii.l Kiii-'forth (iralir.rii Deputy Iti^'i-tiar. ' 

TiiK (.'lUNTv liiii.nisos are siiuateil in the Citv of ( )ita»a, ami 
iielu.lu a C.iirt House, .lail, ami I{i'i;istry (Mlice. 'I'hev are .siluatcil on 
a Mock of lau.l at the corner o' Nicliol.i- ami IJalv Stiei'ts, presi-iite<l In 
the late N'i.liohis Sparks. 

TiiK CiiriiT HmsK oeenpics -he central position, ami faces hot h 
the uliove streets. tliiuii;li the main fa'.i.le is op|i,isite Daly Streut. - 
■Vs it is oiieof till- tine-t Iniihlinns of the ileseription in the I'rovince, 
We think a luief sketch of it wiiiilil ii"! he oiil of |ilace. It will he ic- 
lllemliereil th.it altli'iuijh authority was givili in In:!;-.'),-* l.v the .\et I. 
Vic., Cap. -J"!., to set off Dalhi'Usic as a separate District, this was leit 
iloiie till \H^■1, tortile reason that the comlitionsof the loUowiiio . hiuso 
were tive years in liciir.; re.alireii, viz : " ."^o s.nai a.s it shall apjiear 

" that iig 1 all' I sullicielit jaii lia> lieen ereeteil therein,'" ,Ve. .V loan 

wiw >,,.j.l._. ii, tl,H tirsf iihice which oroveil ili-ullicniit, ami on the IKlh 
Sept., IS41, a IWli which afterwanls iieeame law \v;is iiitr.iiliiceil in the 
L'".;is!atnre to the etiect that " the .1 ustlci-s of the Peace resiilmi^ in 
" -Hell par' . " -'e Districts of .lotiiistowii. H.-ithui-Ht. aiel Ottawa ;is 
'■ are iiitee,-; .■ uicluileii in the new District i.f j.)alhiMisie,at a meet - 

" iiin eoii> eel i..r the i -irpose." niij^ilit impo.se a tax of not more 
than line p.'. ■, : i the poiiml on all property in sai<l iiartsof Districts 
f"r the purposes of eompletilio the erection "f the saiil .lail alel t'.ourt 
House, whlcli were aceor'lin;,'ly so"li afterwar.is coinpleteil. and re- 
mailieii 111 use till ile-troveil hy lire Mi \KI'<\>, when the present splemii.l 
huihiim,'s were coiiiiiii'li''e>l. 'i'lie fi'ltowing inscrijition. eligraveil iijioii 
a meiii'irial stone, inlaid in ilie wall of the main hall, |,'ives iiiforiiiatioii 
as to it.s linildiny, A;e. : - 

" The Corner stone of this huilding was laid ..n the L'Urd da\ "I 

Sept., .\.D., ISTii, 

" With M.\so.\"ir IIonoks. 

" lly the M'lsT WoKsiiii'K!.!.. the 'iiiANii M.vsTBiiof the {;iaml Loiioe 

of t'anada, ' 

'■.\l.K\\MiKi( .\I,L.\S StI;VK\.sijN. 

".\ttemle.l hy the I -Ml l.iii...f. iiKniKii.s, iVe., the liiiihlini; hciii',' 
" elected hy the l.'orpoi-ali'iii ol the I'oiinty of (.'arletoii. compo-ed ol 

" llt.V .\loui;.\S,t tsj^oode, W.VUIIEN, 
" .lulls Dow. I IsO'iode. .ImiN l,'\M-.i\. Nepeall. 
" TM'-. llmil.v.M. Nepiall, liollKllT I 'IMMI.M.S. (iloueester. 
■■ HkSKV I'oW an. 'di'llee-tir. lUu.Wl SvKKS. li.iullillrll. 

" .Ions Smitii, ToHioltoii .liisKni HisTux, Hi. hnioiol. 

• .lulls' (',M,liWKl.l.,Hlllllll.y,. lolls .Masios. Huntley. 
■• .UmK.s W M.I.Ai . N. ll.'Wel. Wm. K I |i|i . .M arl h"!"'. 

■■ Hoiii.iiT lii.A. Kin lis, New K' I iiil 'Ui^li. limn. iii'i:i;s. .M.ircli. 
" Nkii. Stkw.mm. tioiill'i'Uiii, Allan h'li \si:h, Kii/.r-.y. 
"CliMii.Ks .MoiiK, Kii^r,.). 
o Hiiit'liti't t'ommi'fi *• ; 
" Ika Mokuan. t.'hairiuini, UoHKiir i'imminos, .I.uis Smith, 1!. ^'. 

'■tJuKKN, and .loHN DaWsoN 
■■ Zaihakiah Wii, SOS, County Tiea-iiier : W\i. i'..\\vs. (.'(.iintv 

"Clerk ; .1. H. hKwis, C.iuntv .Soliiit. 1. 
" HoHKHr SiKTEKs. .\rchiti'cl ; .Ions W. Wi:ii-ri;K. liuil.lei ; W.m. 
" \I,,].-^„HXK, Ch'ik of W,,ik-. ■ 
The priiicip.d lai^-ade pn-eiit- a m.iin 'li.ck and two wiuii-, the 
latter two and the huiiier 'liree -t'U'ey in liei|,'lii, e\, lu-iv of h.i-e- 
meiit. It is hiiilt ill the ino-i -di'l .iml -uhstaiitial lu.iunei of 
iiia-sive solid hlork ■ of dressed liiiie-t'iiie, with ciil-st'iiie lriminiii|;- 
the whole liein;.' of heautifiil desiijii and most plea-in^' outline. The 
iii.iiii eiitraiice i- approa' liel from the street liy a 'l.uihl" llijl.l of hroad 
-t lUe step-, conV''r;.'iii>: towardn a hioa'l -tone plallniin opeitiii;; int. I .i j 
■|i:iei Ills .mil li.imUonii' portie.., over tin entranef ..I whhh the Iti.yal 
.Vruisare carved. The -ummil .oei tli liii eiiirame ..f ih • p.iiii.- . i- 

.■f.iwm'd hv .1 lit;ure repri-elllin;; tin- lioddess ..f .Ill-tiie, holdin;; the 
Ira.litiolial -call- in her hand. .\ll parts of the liiiililill>; are in a|ipro- 
priite uin-on the one will! the olher, au'l the exterior view i- very 

inip.i-in^'. The iiiteiim lontiin-, lieside- the C.niit i and tlieiie.es- 

-.irv jmlu'e-', jurie-', and harri-tei-s' rooio-, ih" C..iiulv (.'.mm it .haniher 

an. I >'..iiimitlee ro.iiii-, tl Hh'#- of the .Sherill, ilie Coiiniy clerk, 

C.iuutv I'rehsiiri.r, CiMiiiiy Crown .Vtlorney and Clerk of lln- I'eace, 
.\1 isiet-in-Chan.erv, Clerk .if tli.' (fouiity c.iiirt, Cleik of the Siirr.- 
Kile Court, alio Deputy Clerk of Hie Clown and I'l.' i-, Chrk ol the 
l-t Divi-i'in (j'.i.irt. <J.iiiiity riihli,- .School In-p.. tor, ami the ' 'oiiniy 
Court Jiiil;,-es' .h iuili..rs. It is heileil thi'.iii jh.iiit with -t.-am, ami 
li^'ht.-i with >;a-, ami the o|ii...s aiv ea.li suppii.-.l with ilie iiio-t m.iilein 
iiiipoiveiiieiits. ill. In. lin,.{ lire-pr....f vault- aiel .-.i-tly ..lli..' Iiiiintuie. 

The l.iiil.liiiL;. with. ml furnituie, c.-t ..\er *iO,iKio. ami i f the 

hee-i III the I'lovin.e for tin |>iirp..-e for «hi. h it w.i- Imill. 

Tilt: .1 vii, -iluate.l iniiiie.lialcly hesi.le ihe c,,iiit Hoii-e, with ii- 
maiii friiil on Xiclmlas Street, is in every respect it- e.|uiil, cuisidcr- 
iii^ the ii-es of the two. It is hiiitl nim'li in the same fashion, i- eKte- 
riiirlv a v..rv hainl.sonie .tructure, whiles,, far a- it- iuterior arraii;;emeiits 



! like -mil. W. 11. Waller is UeV(i«tnir, aii'ii' C. W, , 
, l!eoi-llar 

.Til.' wlmlc of the County huildin^.s are surr..iiu.le.l 
^ cut-st.ine wall, .irnanientuil with -olid stone pillars, and 
, hy lian.l.-ome wrou^dlt■il■otl .re-tiiit;. All in all. lliev are 
to the Uity, ami relied no -mall liom.r iip.,n the juihlii 

ol those tlll■..ll^'h whose liheralily th.y W.le elictcl. 

.Vow-a-.lay- no city of .iiiv' pieteii-nms can alhu-d to 
I siiecl railway. In this mailer fUl.iwa i- m. e.vcepti.m t. 
march ,,f improvement whi.h has niaiked the past .pia 
ami more particularly the last de.a le. TilK IMtawa Cir\ 
^ Kaii.uoaip (■"■ AXV is the rallier leiiolhy ml.- uii.ler wh 
useful p ...iic improv.iiieni Ih.uii-he-. Ii wa- .hartere. 
Ad ..I I'aili.iment Aiioii-t. |si;i;, „n,l the tir-t nieeliiio uf 
hel.l S.pi. mil ..fthat veal, al ulii.h ,l..-eph Auiimnd, J, 
Win. .Me.N.iU(;hl..n, Wm. C. 1'. ilev. K.lwar.| .Mciiillivrav 
I-'ellowe-, .iiiil Kiil.crt lllackl.uin were eivd.'d .liie.ior-. 
scrih.'d stock i-SIO.-slO. in SJu -haiv-. all pai.l up. It \ 
nieiice.l until -,, me lime after the ah.ne imeliiiu'. and w 

"■mpl'-te.l a- l.i cmim- rininiiiff cars .ivci the line til 

|s7ti. lispre-eni chi.-l ..ili.er- are 1!. Hlackliiirn. I'l'i-ide 
liiahain, Secret.iiy. It i- chielly owned l.v I'liouia- C , I' 
of New Kdinl.iiceh. It is very'far in.i.i'.|"t...ni heino a Ii 
scno.-r railway. .illhoilLih it ha- aiway- l.eiu a prolilai.le oi 
iiiary iiuestmeiit, .m.l ihe . ..nveiiiem e il alh.i.i- l.i p. di--trii 
I.eyolid. .mipcu-alion or ciunpulalioli. 'I'h. lim- cxleml- linl 
Kiileait I'.ridoe in .New li.lininiixli. to the Chaudii'ie l''alls. 
.ju-t thr.e miles, the .itlin-, ,-i.ihie-, ,S:c.. l.ciii- in the foi 
The ninnl..! ..I hand- .niplni-.l avera^.- i;i, and the iiuiiii 
:)7. The c..m|i.ini run car- In.m c.uh eii.l ..I the line 
luiiiules in siimnici. ami every hfteen iniiiuii - in winter, 
"- c.irs. ."i -leij.'h-. ami ."i omiiiluises. 

Next in importancu and f;eneral iiiten-t n. the |,iil 
the Capital, ami in .s..|ile respects even excee.lim.,' the 
vari .us 

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIO.^S. 

AikI it mji> siifoly \>v s;ihi that !!■• City in AiiK'rn.a <.f i'*i 
L-uiiipaiv wirli nttuwa in tin- L-liarai'tt-r nl u.s niiiHnilii'i-nl si 
nio.iutir.n. wlu-tht'i' i<>v i\\\u,\fv avA (--.(ivihU'Ikv. varifl 
v.in^v of sii .jt't'ts. or mMiiTui awi siK*cial i.-riicifiicy -I'l'l ux 

rin.' miniy j.hasfs tltrinij,'li wliu'li tlie wyHlcm lian | 
.Icliii liiiiTnughs 'irst r.s.sayt<i tM iliiVi-t tin- ymiiiK i<li!a, t 
hours iiiturvcnui^' tiftwix-n liis calls "f .luiy in llu- nnin.i 
nit-nt, nt'ud nut l.t- i-mlargt-H uji'in. The [.aM-ntt* ..f tftmi 
flsfuIiLif thr<'ni,'hnnt ihi- ouniiry, Iiarl ilitHcultics ..f tnini 
tmlu, Cfinni.'n I'l fill nuw suttlt-nnnt.-*. i > Acn-'-nn' iif * 
hl.UK'e In any i>rgam/L-d sysU-ni iippi-arfW as the fruit of tl 
hil>«rs and a n.'lii'f to rheir dt;t'i> pan-ntnl .solii itude. Tl 
iiuMits. which one hy one have disajtiK-arL'd, as well ha 
iiiililoycil to -diminaU- flu-ni, wiTi- of so hke a ciiar;..-tfr t 
I'l'VU-ncrd in other l'a^I.■^ of the country and t •,,uiity. as 1 
^'cneral remarks with refereuui; lo the di'Veio|iinen of 
here also apphcahh' ; and to n-hevu us of what would 
circniu.stanees he a repetition hy coming down to the sy 
now tind il. au<l hrietly desonliint,' il as it is. 

And first of alh h.ith lU mten'st :Lud importaiice, a 
hanil whicli shapes the ntaterial on -..liieli rests the foun«l; 
arch of our whoh^ social ai;d national l:tliric, coine thr 

PittLlr Sriiooi.s. Here our future cinzeiis and eoiitinL,'ri 
thf rudiments ami much o| th' r<-.d wealth of an cdneatiori 
have a u'rt'at inlhiine.- on then after lives, hoth soii;i||\ ami 
From llie earliest days, jiut m I'loportion n-* natioii;il gi 
heeii the attrihuie of any [leople, have h en their di-sirt 
and designs accomplished of securing to the ynulh of tl 
the !idv;tnlatxes of intidleetiial trainiiiu. and the .iris a 
havi- lieeii aniwni,' :he mo it ardently soiii,'ht for a'cohi 
even With th >-.e H lio.se national superioiii_\ was c<'ni|Uered a 
hy p!i\sieiil [prowess, and where physical attainments v 
upon as of [taramoiint importance, from the )iii(he->i t 
humlde citizen. 

The first approach to what nii^hl he termed a t'ul>h< 
hytown, was what was on^nially called the 'Hd Mode' 
is now known as the I Mike Street School - a full dei 
which may he seen under the general hca'l of the l»evi 
h.! ational Institutions If was erected under the me 
out 1,. ^^ \i; of ihr Isi Victoria, ehaji. Jr», lH;i;-;is. I" 
\ct proM'ii'il lor the laying' otl' of the Dathousie Misirict 
section pnoided foi- the estuhlisliinent of a ilistriet scho 
p,iynn;nt .•• to, I ler .Majesty, Her heirs and successors,"' o| 
lUm of L'lHi), --which shall he a[ipropriiited, a]iplicd, and 
in p:tyin--C 'he teacher ot the t'lstnet l*nhhe Scho.d, wh 
hereafter ereutod in llie said new (li-,trict. ' Sc'ction V 
s i.iie 'Vet provides "that the said school shall Im; opem; 
in the town of Hytowii. in tie- said district, at such p 
Trustees of the said Dislrict Seht>ol, or a majority o;' 
appoint." 

ihe tir>l tearhii who ma'h' Iiachiii;,' hi- )»ro)V-MMn ai 
himsell to that •»■ upalion wa- .lame- Malo».-y. an lii-<lin 
eiliicalioii and a ldie-<s, who camet<p Canada in I'^J.'), iind >>-\ 
St. Lawreiue, when: hu tau;^ht -ome Iwo years, moving' In 
the early p;iit ol 1^27, and tt|ieiiinj4 ii priviite f*chool ni a 
with sc.iopeddfi;.,' rnol, wlii.li he eieete.l h>r the purpose, 
man'- hardware ^tore on Kiihaii Slree). Many o| our h^a- 
t.i-da\ wer-- aiimn^ the -m lent- who daily a-seiniihd 
Midoneys Knyli^h. Mejcuilih-, and M.itheniathaj A.adei 
wa- <iesi;fiiiue>l hy a hii;^e ■•'\,i,i\ >lretclMii;.{ Iruiti onu end 

hiiildtng lo the othei^ itiid e\iuti liiii^ li'om II ave to a | 

as to can-c tin* I'ovs to •■.in-k ' ' -ir.heitds oii eiiierinu' Ih 
of tin- " Aiadeiny." .Mr. Mal..m \ i- -till .i hale ..Id man, .i 
III a pr.des-ioii wdiich, in hi- i;-, we niif^hl call iiledoi 
tatif^ht eotitmnously in I'pper t 'madii since l>s:i."i, .i period o! 
veiirs, itiid in Iruliiiiil lor thvee years piovions to his di 
.VmcMcii. 



F CARLETON.— Continued. 



XXV. 



;in itrktn'wlcl^ctl ino<|i>t of it» I'las-*. In ru^t it 

li^rn- !is tlh' Court Huu-e. 

Okkick, .sitUiil.il luv,i.lc llu' (".iiirl ll'.usc, nud 
i"* <\h\U' f*iiiiilur in si/f, iiins(rui'li"n, ami ai>iu'iii- 
'ilv III' Otiawii aliiM'lv ih'-ciilit-tl, au'l >••>< alt.iut a 

W'aW.v is U.'-iHtrar. an. I ('. W. I'^lf. Ui-pnty 

K' Ci.uMly Imililiii^i-* an- ^uii"iin.lt-i| l»y a tniis^ivr 
ui'iituil with -nliil stiMit- |iilliirrt, and ■'urnii>nnl<'>l 
it-irii|i rriMin^'. All in all, llii-,v aiv an xinann^nt 
i-i-i ii>) -mall In.nitr iipi.n llu- piUdii'-^pirituii.M'ss 
I'si- lili'-iality ili.-y wi-H' »'i-»cli'<i. 
ily III .uiv ]Hi-lfnsii(nii i.an atfohl tn In* willniul a 
lii.s nialliT Ottawa i"* n<i rx»'c|>tiiin I" the ^.'I'nt-ral 
cut wliirli Ii.i> niaikt'tl tin- [la^t ijUail-T it-ntuiy, 
y till' last li.'ia U'. TnK » UlAW .\ ('nv I'ai.sKMikk 

■ is tile latlii-r lfni,'tliy tiili- uii-U-r whjili tlii:* vury 
tviini'nl lliiun^lu-. It wa- rlmitiM''! Iiy spfi-ial 
njin-l, !''(!(!, and the tirst nu-clin;; uf stnrklioldrrs 
lat vcai , at uliiili Ju-fpli Autmind, .1, M. (Jurri-r, 
Wni. C. I'riliy. Kdwahi M.t Jilli\ ra> , t i. ». [.ym 
rl r.Ku-Lnnin weir .Tfiiril .iii«-rtiir-. Thi- -ul)- 

•^10, in ?:i" -lian-, hU paid up. It was n.'l c ■ 

inn* afttM' tlu* aUuvt- nii-rlinu', ami w is ni*t <> tar 
iiiit'nri' lunntn^ tiars ovi-r tlu- lint- till liNt July, 
lii-l nlli.er- arv H. Hla<-k!iiirn, ['nsid.-iit. ;ind Wi'n. 

H is .hiflly ..wind l.y Tlioina- <*, K.t'Kr. ( '.K., 
[t is vi-ry Car iu'ltcd I.mUi In-iii^ a tii-i. lass pa- 
lU.^'li it lias ahvay.-- ln'cu k pnititablf nnc as a pr.Mi- 
d the rnnviMiit-nrc it allords to prdf-triaiis i- siiuply 
I Ml ronipntatinn. Thr lint-fxli'inl- tvini lieyund iIm' 
w lLdlniMl^^dl, In tlu' ("iiaudii-n- Kails, a dislanri' >'f 

■ "lli^t-.. >i.iliii-, v\r.. Iii-in:; tti tlir lornit-r \ill.'\^r. 
•* finpltiyi'd avoraj^cs |;t. and tin; nuinliiri.l' liui.si-, 
DM ciis Irnui ratdi I'ud nl tin- lini- fVtiy iwrlv 
iind rvtry t'll'tet-n luiTiuti - in winitf. Tlnv own 
id .*) oninil'UM'.-.. 

ncu and m-nural intorc-t Im tin- pnlilic \v^irk?< <>f 
, St Mill' rfspi'i'ts I'Vt'h t'Xit'cilini,' tin-ni. aro tin- 



NATIONAL INSTITUTIO.<S, 

L* s.ii.l th:tl ii't t'lty HI Aiiii'i-K-i I.I t*i|U!iI sizi' imii 

ii in till- cliiiruftcr <■! its iiiaKiiitH't'iit ''fl I iu-i'<'in- 

I"'l' imii.lt'r iititi i-ii>iVfUU'in.'r. \arirly :iti'i wnU- 

■ Lrencriil unit snucuil etlicu'iioy 'itui uxt-'i'lli'iUL-. 

I's ttirotiuli wliii'li the systi'in iiai* |Pii>sril siiicf 

t esHayi'l t" tlii'ii't tile y.'uiti,' iiltf:i, (luriiii^ s|i!iri' 

>t't\vefli iiiN call,', "t 'liny in tiii' < lf'hi:iiu-f lti'|>afl 

t'Uliifgi'ft n)i"ii. Tin- iiati-iitf^ "f tftiinlu'!* iiuri', as 

It tlu' ciaiiitry, harl ililHcllltii's of iiiiiiu-ii.si- ina;^'lii- 

lluw stittli.'liii'Hts. t i «\(jn-'iiiU' tTf t'ViMl a tu'iu- 

/i-d syslf:ii a]>|K'ai-i-cl as tin- Irtlit of tlit-ir .iiixiotis 

iM tlieif di'i']' pal'flital si.lii itiulr. TIm'si' iiii|'rili 

y I'lir liavf (lisjipiK'avi'd, as well as tlu' mi'uns 

tlu'iii, wi'iv of so like a cliara^-Icr to iliosc »'x- 

larts of ttir couiiti'V and ^'ollnty. us to niaki' tllf 

li rcttTi-nco to tin- tli-vi'Iopnit'ii of tin- sysli-ni 

; atid to rrliL'\o ns of what would iMidff tin- 

I'l'i'tition hy citliiili;^ down I" tin- system as \rr 

Iiy dcsiM'iltinj; It as it is. 

itli III inttTL'st and nii|iortancf , a> Ikmiisi tin- 
ill' iiiati'i-iai on -..Iiu'li ri'sts tlu; foundation of tiii' 

■lal al.'l nat'"Il''ll t-l'iri'. collli' tin' 

Hfii' our fumii'riii/.t'iisaii'l coiiiiiiuriik-rs r«''ri\i' 
111 li "I til' i-'-.d vvialtli of an cdu.-ation wiiii'li is to 
n tlii'iraftiT livi-s. iiotii so'iallj ami |io|ilnally. 
y.s. just 111 |i|-o|ioi'tioii as natloli.-il ^rc'ilncss lias 
f any ln''i|iiL', liavr 1) t-n tiu-ir drsiri-s i-lu'rislli-d 
isliid of srcnvini^ to till' V'liitii "f lii'-ir '■"iiiitn 
iiti'ltii'lual trainiiii;. and tin- iits and ii-iriii'i's 
111' uinil ardi'iitly siini,'lit lor .i'ioiii|iliHliiiiiiits, 

■ li'-il i"li;il sll|n.'niillt\ was i'i.ni|in'ii''i and lutaini'd 
s. and wliiTi* |iiiysii-al attalniiifnts Wfii; lookt'il 

lilt itii[M'rtaiK'i-, from tin' liii;ln'sl t" tilt' most 

ii I" wiial iiiiulit 111' ti'rmud a i'lililii' .Solmol in 
IS orii^maliy lailed tlit' I lid Modi'l .S,>iiool, and 
ho iMiki' Stri'i't Scli'iol a full iii'si'n|itioii of 
iiiidor till' u'l'iii'fal head "1 tin' 1 )<'Vi'l'i|Miiulit of 
'lis 1' was I'l-i'cti'd nndi'i- tin- hutiiiim' Imld 

■ isl Virloria. iliai'. :i'"i, i'-idT .'W. I . ''., w hirii 
layinu' oil' of the llalhoiisii- Disiri.l Tin- said 
till' I'sialilislinii-iit of a district school, and tiir 

liilcsty, iii'rlii'lrs and sni'crssors," ot the aniiiiiil 
shall III- a|i|ilii|iriali'd, apjilii'd, and dls|ios>il of 
- ol till' lusirn't I'ulilii- Si-ii'.'il, Willi h may In' 
lln' said iii'W ilistrnt.' Scctmii \lll. o| tin' 
tliat lliii said scliool shall lie ojiiMti'd and ki'|il 
'Wfi, 111 till- said district, at siii'ii |>lat-i' as tlui 
Distrii-t Scliimi. or a majority o;' tlicm, may 



who iiiaili- ti-arliin^! liis {irnrc-ioii and riinliin-d 
aiion wa^ .laim-- Mulo'i-y, an liisliiiian of ^ood 
., wh'i lami-tii I'anada in I'^U-'i, and siltli'd mi liic 
llu iati:;lit -onii- two ycaV'. nioviii^ In Itylown iti 
»V, and oi'inin;; a |uivali' mIiooI in a lo^ lioii-i', 

t.wili.n 111' I Ti-i'li-d lor tllr |ilir|iosi'. Iii'll Wolk- 

• u Itidraii ''^Iri'i'i. Many ol oiir Ica'lin^ iin-ii ol 
till' -tti li'iil- who daily a-ii'inldi'd at ".lalins 
Mi'i' iiilili-, and .Millii'inalii'-ii A' .idi'iiiy " - 'is il 
liiiHc 'i^ii -Iri'triiMin liiini "111) I'lid of Llii' loK 
and i'\ii)ii lino iiom tin' i-avi- to a |iiiiiil so low 
i ' I iii-k ' -ir. ill-ads oil i'iiIi-rii|o tin- only door 
Ml. Miil"ni'> 1^ <till a ii.iii' old ni.iti, 'iiin i-ii|.'a:,'i d 
1, 111 111^ I.-' < , ui> iiii^lil U'lll iili'don^ liavint{ 
I I 'iiiii-i- rin.ida -int-i' 1 sj.'i. a (H-iiud of iicarlx '"i I 
1 I'll- lliri'ii \curs |ii-u\'iuiis to liis dctiartiii-u lor 



Kvt'ii in tin- early days of old llytown tiiert- sin'ins to liavi' in-ctt ft 
uvsti'in in voom. of I'.v.miiniii^' and iiraiitin^' ciTliliiatt's or luTtiiits ii.- 
ti-arlicrs ; and Mr. .Malmiuy used to t;« fur ni'iiiy years to liii-limotid 
whitli was lliiii till- iliii-f fiiHii 111 the dislriet, l'o"|mss lii~ aiinU'il ex- 
amination. Wily tlleie e.saniin.lliolis were rei|lliliil does nol ijuile 

apjiear, as the si'iiools for yems afti-rwaiiU till tl stalilisiinn-iit of 

the old •■ Model Seiiool"' wereall privali s, l|ii„|, ; tliiiiiuli after some 
years the 'i'uwn assunied the n-sjinnsiliility of seeing,' liiat a eeitaiii 
iiiiniliei of siiiimU Were keiit in operation -liio jdaii I'siially licin^,' tu 
liar;,'aiii wiili parti'-ulai- te-iehers to instiurt a >tateil iiuiiiiier ol seiuuars 
at a certain liuiiii- pud I'V Ihe 'I'owii, ajluwiu^' tlie lea' In-rt to i iiarne 

wiiat liiey eiii in addition. Tliese Imim-i- u-en- ^'eneially small, 

and i-oiiliiied II' a disiriliiilion of the uraiil wiiii-li w.is rei-eived fruni 
till' l.u^'i-laliue, tlii-ii iiinipiiialiveiy in~i.'iiilieanl. 

Kvcn tiif-e small oraiil.- were at one lime -Init iirfrniii the ii-aehers 

ol It\toWIl in I'lin-eiiuelli e of tile ( '"rpniatioli lia\ 111;.^ trespassed on the 

I'arliani.'iit Sipiare. i fiimiii-,' it under iln-ii- eharler; w-lii'ren]»iin Ilie 
Attoilicv-lli-iieral ordered liieii charter 'iiiiiulled. After a couple of 
vear- diirini,' wliicii r-xtown leai-hers lilerallv worked fi r nothing,' and 
liiiarded llii-mselvi- the 'I'owii lei-edid liom it- posilioiKind thcirehar- 

ter W.IS le~li'|-eil 1 I '111 I lie ;^iallts willllli'l'l ilui ilio t ill' liilKi-ulty weic Hiill 
lelained, Mr. Alex. Workman, tlii-li a iin-ml'er of the .Miiniiipal Cnun- 
«il, siiliseipieiilly liroULrht in a le-'ilutioii wliirh he niaiiiiL^'i'd to i-arry 
thnui^li- i,Taiiliiie Ihe almxe teaciiei-s all tiicir " liaik pay " froiullie 
piildic fiiiiils of the I'liwn. This xvasduiiiiK the " media^x-al " iieriod, as it 
were. 111 till' Silii.ol Sv^ieiii. till' ediii-atii.n of till' cliildri-n liaviiij; 

ili-pellded .nuM;/ mi private enter]iri-i. till al.olll I'^l I. or the til if tile 

I'per.iiion iif the llarrisiiii and tliinks Si-lmol .\et< of -II and '-Ul. 

lint there was in-x-cr anything' in tiie maiiagemuiit of tiie liyinxvi. 
Seiiools xvhii-h iiiiild lie I'airiy denomiiialcil a " sy tern." and it was not 
till l-'.'i-"!, the lil-1 ye.ir of I'lic existenee of tin- plai'" a> tile I'itv "I 
llltawa, that a Supi riiitendelit of Vnlilie Schools wa- aiipoiliti-d. Tlie 
lii.-l who hi'ld liiai ollii-e wa- Mr. Workmaii, ah ive-niciilioin-d ; the liisl 
I'hairiiiati of llie Hoanl, t'liailes Sparmw ; and liie oilier nicinlicrs of 
till tirst Itoard IH.'i.'O were liXnian I'ei-kins, llndenrk Uuss, .lames 
Hiirke. and I'airi'k Keilley. .Mr. Workman iield tin- aliox'e po-ilion 
live Veil-' ; ex'ipi I'll* 'I -linrt period dniiii;,' wliieli .Mr. .Stexxart, the fir- 
uier .M.l'. lor llvtowii. was in the ollice. lie died, liowexir, very -non 
alter hi-appiiiiitnient, while in Toronto on a ( '.11111111111 e u> the (.Jiiveiiior, 
lespei-tini; il ilian-Xe in the .M-at of ' lovi-i niuenl. .Mr. U'oikman i-esi;;neil 
in l-'"ill to lill thi" ollice iif Mayor, to which he had heell eheled. lie 
Was .sin:, ceded liv Will. I 'iiuseii-,' now .'<i-. rel.irv ol the i'rote-lant llos|.i- 
lal, xvho di-iliai-eed tile duties of the olli.i- hir ti-11 years liciii;.; in lurn 
siiiiceiicd ill IsTO.lix Ihe late Hi'V. Mr. Iloiliiwiek. iJuriliy his im mil- 
Iii-nev the chan-^e came into .-licet wheieliv In-pector- xxere appoinlcl- 
w-liii-h latter nlli-c 111- held s'liiie yeais. The present Inspector, .1. t.', 
idiisii.aii, has 'i.Tupied the position and must ellicieiilly |iei-foinieil its 
duties for some years; and under his i-are the I'llMie Seiiools have 

a.-auiiie.l even a 111 .re prosperoii- Iiiioii til. in lier.-t..f.ire. .Mr. lila-- 

'lan wa.- Ii.rmerlv I'uldic S,-l 1 In-pi-ilor lor We-l .Mi.l.llc-c.x, aii.l is 

line of the iwi. riil.lii- Si hoi, I Inspi-ctor-i -Mr. Tiliey, of Ka.-t lliiriiam. 
l.i-in.^ the oilier) xvlio were ni-ii^inally appointed l.y tin- Deparrmeiit ol 
I'Mu.'.itioii .111 til.' I'ential ('oinmiltee of Ksaminer-. Tin- 'iin-l olli.ei- 
"I tile llltawa iliiard I'lsi'ies Mr. (dasiian -ale lliraiii liol.in-oli, 
I'hairmaii ; T. W. Tlionip-on, Treasiir.'r ; Win. Uea, Se.lel.iiy ; K. 
Havis, Truant (llliier. Tlii- latter ollin- i- in. sine. -1111- ; .iiid tin- pn.n- 
-ioii- ri--pe''tiii:-;itare pf-olialdy as consistently enforced liereasiiiaiiy place 
in the rroxin.-e. l^'roiii iiii' lieport ,1^7-| rounded on i-arelul peisonal 
i-niimer:\tii..i. v.e Iind tiiat ihe iiiimli.-r .if .'hildien il .-i liool 11^1 in lin- 
. ilv i- 7.1 I-. of whiiiii ''i.i'.Stl are l-eliveen -'i and 111 xi-ars of a>:i-, and 
l,-it;i iietween IT alil -Jii ill' lil-ixe. Ill tlie-e, I,:!!'-. Were altclidiii,:; the 
I'lililii- Scii.'.ls; l.<il''4 llie H. t'- Separate Selmol- ; II"- the ('olle(;iatc 
In-titiitc; and ^''H I'rivale Schools leavini; -.M.'i wlin were not in 
atlendanct- at all. 'l^liese only include the i liildreii of re-iileni-, and hy 
no means l-epreselil tin- i"l.ii numln-r atteiidino ili,. aliove-nn ntiolied 
Sell.. Ill-, for iviii.ii purpii-i- v.'ry many cime from otiiei tmiilitic-, a.- 
xvell a- fur atieiidani e upoi. the nuineruus CoHeocs and ( onveiits, Nor- 
mal and a.-i laiiaii Selio..!-. 

l''r..m la-: vc.ir'- linam-ial sl;iii-nielit we f^atln-r that tln-ie xvere 
Sl|ii,i«HI. I I in hiii'l 'it III ^'iniiiiiL! of year ; thai SH.IH:.' wi-n- collecleil 
iiilrint; liie x.'ar .1 wlmli ^.Cl.Ti'.O.Mi wa- liv t.iX'itl"li, .-^l.l.dd.tdi l.y 
l,i-^i-laliye' iiiant. *l!i'.'.'Mi liom N.li. pupils, and .s.'i,;!"!.!"! Irimi 
delienturcs) ; that SII,o-k."il welc eNin-niled dni-iliothe year "I which 
Ji2 J.li:i;i. I i-'i xva- lor I Mli'-er-' and Teacher.-' sal.iiic-) ; and tii'il 1^111.1117.'.": 
ii'iiiaincd in iii'iid at tln-i lo-e of the year. 

When Mi. I'-iii-eii- l.e.-aine Siiperinli iiileiil 111 Imih there xim- 17 
'Sciioi.l-, lauuiit l.y -in^'le t.-a.-li.-i-. aiel lor the most part in -mall, 111- 
coiiiiiiodi'in«. and niisei'il'ly unhealthy apartnieiil.H ; aiiil in fact it w.i- 
n 't lill i'-<i7 that tile S'lio'il lioard po— c— ed a school luiilnin); ol tin-ir 
own. The i;iiii-ial impetii- ni\'«''i '" I'H I'lil.lii' iiii|iri'\i iin-nt- at tin- 
i:apital tin- x.-ar of t'oliliilel-ati..|l did nol -tup -Icrt ..f the .Si lionls ; 
and l..-liire Ml. I'ousi-ns' u-lin iin-ni 111 |s7o in- saw tin- two t enlial 
S'-hool- alii the tltlaw.i Ward I'nm.iiy i-iiiupletcd. 'I'lie-c iniplove- 
nieut- liaye kept p, III- w itli time and the ri-'piiieiiienr- ol the iiLi/cii- ; 
aii'l we now liiv.-ihi foUiiwiii^; splendi'l I'.ililn .-s. h.ml ImildiliHs uwiicd 

hv till' i;itv : 

|,,iritli"ii irt-t "t I..1111I. I'l-li'l lliiililiiiij. 

Victiuni Ward I'liiii'irx , Wellitioioii . •. . . .i-i.ii.iU un (SMi.tiiKi iiO 

Welliiiot.ui Wai-.l (reiitral We-l , Slater -it, ii.7~ii im JI.D 1) 

•• tl''ii"-iiv), .Maria St .■..ICIiIKi I,. « 

St. lieiil-oe- ■• I'riiuarvi. (IllawaSt :i,|IHIllU lii.iHmnii 

111- Wanl (V-iilnil K.i-i , ileorj^e St -, Hm i«i I'MnKf uu 

" I I'riinan ), .\li;,'le-eaSipiali- ... lam IH) :i,.'aKiu.l 

(Itluwiidi)., 'I'rimaiv . t'arleliiii St iluii IHJ :;,ikhi iK) 

tlratiitalof ven ni-.irli Slii.tillK.IIII ol e.x|.eniliiui • in" the erection of 
I'lililje .Scliool- within tell year- -aluiiil !?:;:l,iKiii.iKiiil which wa-lonli- 

Hihle ,-ites. 

It has liceu iHual loi '1 niimlier of years past to haxe '• I'liildn 11- 
i-'.ntertainiiienl- ,.1 lln- lii-.;iiiiiiiih' of tlic t'hi i-liii'i- il.iliilays. Tiicy 

aii' alxv.iy- nil n-.-li popular .111 I fi-.m lln-ii r.-al m.-ills deservedly 

so. Tiiisye.ir |s7s) liu-y wi K- 'itieiidcd Iiy II. !•;. tiie m-w tiovcrhcr- 

(Jeiieral and II. 11. II. tlic I'riiicess Liiiiine tin- Lir r pii-eiiliiiK 

the pri/.en to the -uiei'-sl'iil i oinpetitiirs. 

I'lie I! lal deiliii-tion to 1..- arrive I at f loin tlie lii-pi-.-toi - latest 

|iillili-lied licpoil i- lli'il lln- .Si ho 'I- ale all in .1 niu-l prnspi-ron- and 
ll'i.iri-iiiin; . iii.lili.in; lln- improvcmenl ln-iii^; -li-adx , and eotn .-aide lii.tli 
in ro-iill- gained Iiy llie pnpiN, atnl in tin- ollii ial -landing e! tin 

Teaehnrs lIlelll-ielve'K f w-llolll lilere XVele clnpliix eij dill iiig tlie vcar, 

;i^ pcrniaiieiitlx, of whi'iii I i- .Mu-i. .Mii-li I, anil I liiMpouiiil.x II 



■vr^ 



■itaHM 



XXVI. 



HISTORICAL SKiri 



UoMiuy firsl-oliiss ; 10 si'i'mnl-cliis-, ; iiml tin' lumaiiuliT u; lliinli la-- 
i-.TtiliCiilc-!. Tlii'u; an' II uuU; and l'1 liMiiali- T«iclifV<. Tlif liir^iuctcir 
riM-Uis a -ala^y nl>!|,:;(Mi ; two juali' 'I'lacluT- tjiM Sfl.oud; tin- lo«i-t 
(raiil iciali' TiMtlirr niiiv.-i .si.Mi : ilir lii;;lu~t nalaiy [laid a hi\M\v 
IVai'luT i^ *.'i7.'i, ami llji' Icwust, Ji<;)IK). 

.Skimratk Sri i.s. On tlu' 1st I'Vliniaiy. I"-,'!!;, a •■ new .li|iailuii" 

m llh' S,lio(.| -y>i,in ol Ollawa wa- |)r.«lainiV.l \>\ tin- MMtin^ .ill nl ili, 
Human I'alh. ill.' Mi-parat.' Si Im..].-. 'I'll,' hit.' Win. liin- wa~ llii' iii'-t 
S,'.-.-l'i.a-., ali.l .l.liii lliuwii till lirsl .Mlhvli.r .,; tin- lii-t U. C. S. S. 
Hoard '•!' till' .i;\. 'I'h.' linaiicial staliimnl La lln- lii-1 vrar n! il~ 
i-si^li-iiLi- >li.i\vs llial tliu iiTcipN W1.TO 8l',(;''.'i.I7 uf whi.li S- ,:i^''. I " 

was lais.'.l li\ laxaii ami .Sill H Mill ri-ci-iv.-.l I'l.im l,i-[;i,-lativi- ^;ninl^ ; 

ami till- .■x(i,'-ii.|llui-i', \vcn-!i:;.IJ:i. Ii'i ■.I' wlii.li .Sii.iCi;.;!:! had ln'i'ii paid 
1.1 T.a.iiiT.s) ; and llial hii llu' M I'Vlanaiv. l-."i7, llnli' wa- .a-li in llalitl, 
.•<J."iil.;il, tu mill lialiilitii's III' .*(i 11.7^, III' 'wliiLdi laltiT aiminnl lln- -nni 
"I !f'''i7.'i> wa- -lill ihir nil 'I'lai liiT-' salaiii'M. 

Till' I!. ('. S. S. Ill titiaw:' liavi' always l.i'i-n lii'i- willi On' i'\ci'|ili"ii 
111 llii' Mar l-,i-, whiiii a 111".. Iilv r.ili' nf :;."i it-, was li'viid iiimn i .u li 
iniliil. 

rill- -l.ilila iiMlii' Scliiiils was s ewlial alti-ivd liy lln- A.;l L'lllli 

Vii., Cap. .'i., l-il;i diul tin' piiivi-i.ni- a- In Si-p.ir.ili' Siliuids iiiidiT 

Ihal All wi'iv ii lann.-r alli-i trd liy lln' I'lildic Si In.i.l .\it nl' 1''7 1 

and tliiudiiri' slill in lull Im-i u. 'I'lifV may lu' very Iniidly suiniiiai'i/.i'd 

a litll.iws ; -Si'paraii' SilinnI lluards nl any .^Iullil'iplllity ar n^ti- 

tiiii-d liudii's (■nipiii.itc, nilli piiwiT t" iiiipii-ii, li'vy, and iiilliil Si'luinl 
rails, tlic) sanii' a~ I'lilili. .SiIi.kiI lluards with tin' rii,'lil, il' tiny si, 
oliii,^>u, til ri'niiiif llii* iniiniiipal nllici-rs In n)isi-r\'i' tin- pr.ivi-inii~ nl' llu- 
law iiilii li~pf,;l t,i ^ili h i-nliiclinli. 'rln'>- may di-inalid and nlilaili Iriilii 
llii' Cli-rk III llnMiiniiipalilv ,i ii,|iy ,,| the Assi-.ssim,|it Itull. -■> lar us it 
li-l.ilis In .Si-paiat,, S, linnl >iipp,,rti'i> In l,f,nini, whii li il is ni'ii'ssacy 

liir s.iiii .S. .S. siippnrl.-r- in nrdi-r in 1 \i-inpl linni i'llldi-' SilinnI 

la.Mjs, In nniiiy s.iid Cli-rk hflwoi-ii till* la-l W'l-dnisd.iy in Janiiaiy and 
the l-l day III' Marrli. Tlii'iL'iipnii, and mi lln' S. S. Trusti'i- iian-milliiiL: 
111 lhii saii'l Clurk, mi nilii'hnv tin- 1st day nf June,' I'nllnwinn. .. rniinl 

llsl nl-iii il S. S. siip|inili-i-. Ilicy liiTiinii' i'Siln|il liinn all I'lildii- S.-l I 

la.vi~. 'I'liiii- an- .d-n cvltaiii mils hn tin- in-piilimi nl lhi, .s. .-;. l.i, 
I'uhlic Sihiiiil lii.spi itni-, hut niily iindi-i- tlii' spi., jal diri'iriimi nl ■ i, 
l)i-pai'liiuail 111 Kdik'.-itinn, and in 119 si'mif u'itliin till' L-niitrnI nf Pn' ir 
Schnnl linariU. "Willi tin- iv\icplinii, almvi- imiisl, ilu- S. S. .sy.siim is 
till-' ^allif in ivi'iv icspi-.-t a- th.it nrtln- I'lildic S, linni sy~ti'iii. 

In ( m.lW.l, ill. -I S, llnnls l-,,vr ||nl pi i i-l ,-S.-.| vvilll'llial -lill'ly llnl 

llt'allhy di-v. liiplni'lit wlii.h lia^ 1 n a pait .d llii' lii>lniy nl lln* I'llldii- 

Sclioiiis ; iii'Vi'ltllLdi's.s, I'nti.HJdiTili^ .ill tin' rircillnslaliri's nl lln- ca-r, 
thidr advniii'i'iiii'iil lias lui'ii nl'ii very i'mnnia:;inn iiiilnri.. and lln-ir [iiv 
ai'iil -Mil' i-mii'.ir iiin-l -.ilisl'ai tniy illii ii-mv. 

In NnvrmhiT. |m;i, tlu- |,.iy 'i'.M. Ii.i- in lln- (lllaH.i S. .s. w,-,,. 
I'l-lilnvi'd, and llnii iil.m's -nppliid li..in 111" Krlinimis lli'di-l-s nl ih,. 
riiiistian llrnilii'rs and Sistm-s nl lln. (iny Nniis. This aiianj;i nn'iil 

has sinri iitiniu'd in t'm'i't'. Tin- niily Lay TeailnTs imw eiiiptiivi.il 

all' .\1. l.'niiliir. , will, ti'.nhis at lln' < 'li.iiidii'ii' ; and .M. I,..iiis Ta--i'', in 

Si. (Ii'i.r-i-'- W.ud S, 1 1. Till' l.ilii r ^I'liil. 111,111 li.i- lilh-.l lli.' p..-iii..ii 

nl S.'cr.lai'v 1 . ill.' I'...ar.l -inc.' IH.'.ll. Tl llni nllirir- aiv .1. W. 

IV'alhv, ('liainn.iii ; W. I''iiila>, Tiia-iiii'i : and l;nl..ii 1 1'U.ilh'y, 
Supt'i iiiU'ii.l.nl. 

T!i.' iiiinil..i ..1 l.a.li, r-iinpl".M'il lasl \ lar wa~ :i,'i iinliidin;; tin' iH.i 
altnvi'). Ill wli.,111 1.") w'i'i'i' .Sisti IS nf ihi' (Jii-y Nulls, and I *> Chii-ti.in 
lirnlln'is. Till' nnnilii'i' nf I liil.liin nf iisi.l.'nls allin.liii;; ilm .S1I11...I- 
was IjIKIl. .(In lln.' wli.di'. tin- ll.C. S.Si Imnls nf Ullawaali' in a ihliviii:; 
I'.iii.lilimi, and mn' finin win. h liiv.tl ii'iilis ma\ fairly hi' anlii'ipatrd. 

Thk I'.ii.i.ni.i.vi k iNsrin tk Thi- in-litiili..ii .n'lMipii'- a ptnini, 
ni'iil -ill' mi .1.1. 'pii'- I '.irlii I' S.piari.', ami In. in ,ill j.ail- ..1 tin' Ciiy and 

sun.Mindin^ I' iiiy it- limly pn.p..iiinin'.l ..iiiliii.- stan.l ..nl in I... 1.1 

n'lii'f. Il IS a slmii' -till. Inn', with I'lil-slmii' fai.iiifjs, Iniilt in lln. 
inndi'i'ii suli' and sni'inniinU'.l l.y a hilly I.iwit. Il was hiil I'l'.iiilly 
I'.iinplfli'.r, ill a ..1-1 nf ah.. Ill !<ilii,lPilii.(lii; ami a- an anliili'.iiir.il ..rmi- 
nii'iit, ill I'M'iy pai'I. an. I as an liisiiiuti' nl h'ainin:,', in i-x.-ry .h-pail- 
nu'iil.il isa.n'lil 1.1 aii\ t.'ily iml i'.\.i'plin^ lln' ( 'apilal, wlinli -Minis 
ill siiih ,1 pn'-i'inimnily advamid pnsiiinii in nL;ai'.l l.i iis -iln.lasli. 
iiis|iiiiii..n-. Til.' Ollawa I '.illi'iiial.- In-liliili' i- lii.' .l.'Ml.ipiin iitnf lln' 
iild iiilnwii lli-lri't lo'.llnmar . SilinnI i-l.ihli-lnd al lln' -ami' linn' and 
hy i!.,' -ami' aiillimin w liii h I'slaldi-ln'd llm l>.illiniisii' lli»ni.i .ill. r 

v\'anls ihi' Ollawa lli:-di S.hni.l. fr whiili il iinwdilfirs ,1- d,, ,ill 

nllu'i' -n-i alh'd liisiiiiUi- Iniiii Hi.;li Scl I.s) simply in lln- iiiiiiihii nl 

sUidi'iU- iIk'H'Iii in-U'Uiti'd in cri'laiii nf lim lii,L;lii'i' hrainlns nf ('l,i».i, , 
and .Malln'in.iti,'. 

Till' I'liiigip.il- nf till' lii-liliili' have lni'ii, in sni'ri'ssinn, !!,.». Tin,-. 
Wai'.ln.p.' wh., hi'ld lii- appiiiiilnnnl fnnii Sir Clia-. Mi'lralfi-, lln n 
li..Vi'rn..r-lii'li.'rall, Innii il- ili..'|iliiin In l-l.'i ; ili'V. .I..I111 li. .1.1., ill. in',' 
1. 1 I--,'!!) ; Win. Ainl I!..- (pr.'-.'iil Siiii..i .Iii.l^... ..1 I'arhl.n ('..illil\ , 
I'nr 1; yi'av- ; linn \U\ Mr. .\| ill.u. J ii.ir-, nil Is.'.s ; hdlnwid hy Ui'v. 
M. Il.'iithwn'k. .M. A., I >.',"- ; wh.'ii, in I'siW, tin, pri'sfiil I'ninipal, 
.Inhii Tli..i'l.nMi, .M. A., sin'.'i'i'ihd In lln' pn-itimi, and lias siiiii'ahly pi'i 
hii'ini'.l il- niaiiv .iiiil anliinii- .Inlii-. 

.Mr. T'liiii'l.iini 1- a i;r'i.lnal.' nl lln' I'liivi'isili nl K.liiihiirnh, ttlnii' 
111' wa- pii/i'iiian 111 .las-i.'-. II.' tt,is -iil.-i'.pi.nlly h.r -.niii' yrar- lir-I 
.\ssisiaiil Ma-Ii-r in Miis-i'lhiir;;li i Jr.ininiiirSilninl, ami .ill.'rwai.l-. t,,i .1 
liiiii', I'las-i.al .Mi-li'ral till' Wi'-l.'in In-lilnlimi, Kiliiiliiii;.di. IIiiIkii 
r,iini'lii Am, 111 .1, ami w.i- for a niinihir ,.l xcais 11., a. t Ma-lnr ..f ilif 
Variii..iilli \. i.h'iny, N.na S.'..li,i : w li.'ii. ,' li.' i.nmv.'.l 1.. lii. Inn. .11. 1, 

I .11., ami »a- . li 11 t.i 111" p..-ili.iii .if I'rin.ipal .111.1 I'nifi' ..f 

Chis-iis 111 .S|. Kiamis Cidli'k'i'. wlii.h p..-ili..ii In- lill..! lill his app.,iiil. 
nnnltnlln' lli'id Ma'<n i-liip nl 111.' oiiana lininiiii.ir S. Ii...d, asah.ni'. 
Ill' 1- an a.Ii\'' nn'iiil..'r nl a nuniln'r ..f Ihi' .'hiil lilriary an, I siicnhii.' 
a--.i. i.iti'.n- ..I lh(, rr..\ in. .'. in -I'V.'l'al .ifwhi.li In' ha- It. .111 lim.-l.. 

I I nil' lii'hl ihi' Infill -I ..Hi. lal p. .-in. in- ; ami wa-chn-iii lit lln- llnniiiii..ii 
il..vi'riiiii.'iil I'n'xi.h'iil nf till' (.'t'lili'.il II. ..Ill I nf Kviiniin'rs at Iliad 
ipiarli'i's fnr Mil' Military ri>lh';,i'iit Kin.i;-liiii, mi its lii--l nryaiii/alinii. 

Tin; NiiHMU .Si iii.ni. i- in p.iiiit ,d' a-ji' llif \iiiiiij,'r-t nf tlii' I'l.lii.-a 

In. mil lii-niiin,,ii- nl iiii.m.i. I''..r vi'.ir- I.. I..n' il- I'l li..ii II w.i- iln' 

sillli'd i"in\iili'in nl .ill iiili'ii'-li',| in I'dnr.iliniial inalii'rs thai .1 si'inml 

Nnniial S, I I -hniild I"' hnill tlm lapmilii's nl tin- Tnn.iil.i S, li.ml 

hiiiii:.' iii-nlli.'iciil ti< I I tin' L'riHiii^ n'lpiiniiiriils nf tlir I'miiin'i. : 

imd II was -iiiipiv lln ililli, nity 111 d.'.i.ltii',' wlni'i- il s| hi l„. 1,,.'.||,.,1 

that ih'layr.l il- , pli'lmn -n Ihiil;. i,)iiiti' nalnralli, many plan's 

waiiti'd il ; and lill' ii-n.il iiillni'iiii's w.'P' hiisily at wurk Inr yi'iiis in 
I'lirtlu'i'iiiL; lill' I hiiiii- nf iln' v.iiiiius Tnwiis and I'itii's aspjiiii); 
til tliL' linimr will' Il ill li.'iiK'tli fill In till' Capital ; and tlin s,.|i.i limi, 
wliii'li W.I- .11 lii-t I'xlii'ini'lv ilista-ti'liil In lln- iin-m'ri'.Hsfiil I'ninpi'iit.i'-, 
has siiiii. Iii'i'ii '.^I'lK'ialU .i.lmilli.l 1.. I..' ih. Hi. 1-1 pns-ilih'. 






Thi'TmniUn Nnniial S.l 1 having' h.i'i 

and its nhiiii and -ysli'in lining; sn will ami w 
llumisl.i nliTtn tli'iisi'iif ihi' Ollawa .Sihiml, 
in I'Vi'iv n'-pi'il. Till' liiiildin;; il-i'lf i- a in 

III li.'aiilil'nl d,'-i-li. Il ipii's a wlmlr 1.1 

.la. '.in.'- I'aiti.'r S.^laii'. and is ntn.iiii. nl.-,l ui 
^'r..||ll.l-. I' w.l- . ..mph'li'd illll'ill_' lill' ialli'l 
Ihi' li'ii'plinll nl -III. I. 'Ills h.r 111.' li'^'lliar li'lll 

.'lal i;i'p..il- ..f ih.' .Miiii-lcr nl Kdiii'alini 
-i'--inn lli.i.- w.'i'.'.ippli, ,ill,.ns l..i'a,ltnis-i..ii l.\ 

wnn' a.lmillisl. of Ih.-.', ;17 Win' ii'- am 

nf ihi' InriiiiT ami ;il nl Ihc lall.'r lia.l pn 
li'a.liiii..'. Only d nhlaini'.l .Si,. niid Class I'r 
I'lid ..1 till' ti'i'in. Hy far tin- nri'ati'si iiiiinl.i-r 
Cailii 111 C.iiniv : tlmii^dt lli.'i.' w.'i,- -,.1111 
W,-I,ili Ciiiilii'-. in, ill. Mil.; lilaiil. N'..rl'.IK. \ 
lliin.n. Hill, I'. .Middli.i'v. .iml l.ainl.inii. 

.I..I111 .Mi'i'al..'. M... 1- I'riiiL'ipal ami l''.i 
Hi.hh'll, ISA.. H.S,'., I''. I!. s.l';.. i- 111,' M.iil 
Cal..' i- .1 ■.■ni'lii.il.' ..I 111,' .S'.,riiiil S,li,...l. ilul 
..1 M.,\. In. Ill ih.' riiivi'i-ily III oil.iH.i II 
Triii'i ( N..S Nnrnial S.'l I f,.i' iii.iin \. 

ini'lll In hi- pli'-i'lll pn-ilinll. Mr. lii.l.l'll i 

C..li,.iii'-. Onl.. s.,ii .il Wallnr Ki.l hll. Iv,| . 
lill' T,,uii-liip ,.f ll.iniill,.ii. ami a ni.i.lii ii.' .,1 
rill In (W \ r\iVKi:snv. Tlii- -pli'iidi' 
hmi |,i 111, I'nliulil'ni'.l /.I'.il nl lin' III. lir' 
til'-l It. C. Hislmp ,.l |!i|..wii .iml Ollaw.i. 
till' .Siipi'ii,.i'-l,ip ,.f lirv. Killiir Chrvalii-r, 
imnrpiiiati-,! l.\ -jiniiil Ail ..t I'.irliaiii.'iit in 

H\l,.uii." Iii-iii^ -111 pi,'iill\ km.wn a- "Si 

I.'., ivilm ils pr Ill I'll, 111. I ,1- ih.' "Clh'.; 

I'liix I'i'-ily pnwt'rs 1.1 ill:; I ..tihin-.i l.y l|..' !■ 
a .li-s.'iili.'iii v.. ill'. 

Till. Clh'-i' h.i- ,ilwa\ - !..'. n iiiidii llm .|il 
limi ..1 ill.' ol.lali' F.ithi'i- .,1 .Mm Iminai'ill.i 
hill. -I'll hi'lnn-i'd ; and ,il wlimii l.'i iii.'iiil..'l'- 
Hmlhi'i'-nl till' Orih'i'. .1 .|..iil.ir I'rii'-I, .iml •- 
ph'si'iit I'li'^a^.''! in lln- w..ik. wlii. h, l..';,'iin . 
-t'.ih'. ha- iiii'ii'.isiii tilt ihi' nnnilii'r nl -nnhni 

Till' l.ilil.liiiL.' il-rlli-a ina'^'iiilit't'lil -I, ,11.' -1 
li...lv an.l iw.. win-- l--l,.i.'\-. with ha-.in.'iil 
r.....t -III ni..iiiil.'.l l.y .iinami'iil.il in, 11 paliiu' 
, r,iwm .1 li\- a lian.l-.iini' ,l,iiin'. 

Il Is ■.imh'i Ihi' Pn'-nli'iii'V ,,1 lli'V. .1. II. 
al-n h'llilli'r mi I'ldiliral l'',.',in,,nn . Th.' wln.l 
I', lint, III ami i'..iivi'iiii'ii. n; lln- i,„.|ii- .ir.- .ill 
liL:lili-il, and vi-nlil.ili-l, and lln- ,lrl,lll;.;,-llll■lll- 
^mnl'..lt- an- iint-\i-.-lh-.|. . Mill, .lull, h.r w. ml , 

Ka, illlii- ,.l .Mi-.li, ilii'..r Law, y.-l lln .1111 

1 la-si. al .-.iiii'si-s pi»s.Hi'ss,,i I'lii'i-i.-iiliim wliii-li wil 
„nii with ill, i-i' ft' any Cidh^i-^ in tin- I'miiitiy. 

FEMALE COLLEGES AND S 



In all I'ivili/.i'.l inirii's williin lli.. prnsni 

p.irlii-nlarly williin lln- p.i.| lU'ca-li', imini'ii.si 
an.l i^r.ind li'-illt- a.'.'.>iilpli-li ',| tnw.i .1 placiilL,' 

in, 'II ill ri"^'ard t Iinatinii.il advaiita;.;!-- ; am 

ali-mhin-.' i|m-li.,n ,.1 a hiulii-r -l.iml.ii.i ..f rili 
-i-,lii- 1., havi hll II -,ili-fii n.rilv -i.U.-.|. .V- i 
r,illi.,l i.i,li<.il .h'pirnii.,- Ii.iiii ihi' hum ilniiii ai 
;,'i'aii.lfallii'i's' .lay lliai ..iir si-nis ami wivi-.s si 
n. i'.,..k, wash, s.'vv. ami alt.'nd -. hly 1.1 lln 
" siipi'iim -I'X " Ilir Inilinl Si, III'- innk lln- 

Cnlh'ji's and .Si,|iiinaiii's ',\iii al tii-. tin 11 

i-n-aliiin " ai'in-s lln- -i-.i p iiiiralai ' v tin- Km 
still si-i-in In lliiiik that wmin 11 .|ii> ild In -hn 
,,— . Iiisiiiiiiii- ihi' wmidii' III ,'M 11 ihn-i' whn li 
and linally. In llm imi^'iiili, ,111 r,' nil- uhirh ih 
lill' a.lmir.ilinti ..I lilt' -,0i,.|.' w,rl.'. .iml invili 
in. .-I 111., inl milhiii-. .Vml in i',,lh.wiii:.' lln-ii 
-is-nml In lln ntlii-r. li.i- pi-ilninnd a pari whi 

ll|n-| l.i-m li, iai l-lh-i-l nil III.' y..l|||;,r m,.||ii'l- nf 

ill;; an iiillm iR'i' Inr -^ I iip..ii lln- vmiii;: wnim- 

wt' all InVi' and a.lmiri' wtiii h will I..- I'.. It l.v ■ 
iii.-n. .\ii,| whih- mi tin- -iilijii'i nf liis'ln-r i',|i 
lull -iiiipli' triilli In -.i\ lli,il Ollawa liilly -ir-i 
sln.iild dnsiri,, as lln- I'apii.il nf ilii, Cnniity, 1 

limiallv tilli' -I'hnl.l-lii In-lilnlinll- nf ,1 -.;i,|||,|',| 

aiiiph' army nl as (in,- si-h,„,l, -Innii tin' Inwi-i 
inli'th'i'liial Irainiin^ ,iiiil lili'i.iry ai'i-'inipli-liini'i 
I..' rl-.'wh.'ii' Innml 111 till- Hmnininii. Waul nl 
ih--iiipti..ii ,1- liny .h-i-iv.- ; hill wi- will aliml 
and lii-jililiili>; ill m-li-l nf ,i;;i<. wi- i.imi- p, ih.- 

CiiN\t;si' INK .MnriiKii lliiisi 111.' riii; ( 
fniindi'd in 1-411. Till' iii-liiiiiinn i- l...al.-.l 
•Sn-.-i'ls. an.l iiml.'r ,li,ii;.;i- nl .MiJln r .Mar\, nl 
Ci-ur. Sii|,i-ii.,|i -. lii iii-ial. Thfn-an- ai-n an 

:■ ll.-ii.-i,il. Jl'.i I'nih— I'll Si-Ill-, an, 1.1 iiiinil 

l.il,-. lii-iih's iivir I.illlOilav piipiU. Tlii- C..i 
li'ii'iil . -lii'lisliiiimit-, .'mnpri-inu Kdm .ilmmil 

limis, :;i ,.1 will, Il an- in II,,- Dimi, I oila' 

All..in>. iml J in ili.- Hi.i--. ■.- ..1 I'.iiifd,. ; ,iii.| i 
fill A-... i.ilinii- ..I till' kiml ill Ihi' I'niinlrv, 

C.iwiM UK Nnrni; Ifwii; in- S,\,iik Ciia 1 
.Sis., i- i.n iill'.pi'iii'^ 111 lhi, iihm,' lln- Imanh-rs 
111 ■ nniii'ilimi with tin- .\|, mil. n ll-n si. Inuiiii 

i-i;ii. rii.\ ihiii hi-n-ii I, 111 :i:,. whih- 

iilti ndam .- iiiiiiiln-i ..mi iliKI. Th.- '.iiii.lin- 
Hlniii' -trii. liii'i-, w-itli all tin- iii...l.-rn iitipi-..vi-iii 
lill,', vi'iililalimi. ami llii' ni.i|,.,.,J li..„|ih an.l ,.,|| 

Tlndl h ,li:-ii- i- Siip.ii ,.,. i^.j-ii.l l.t .1 ,| 

C.iM.iii;..ui.iN UK NniiiK li\MK, a liiaiii-l 
Sniiii-.; Lailin- Si-inlnirv, nf M..iiii-i-.il. is .1 
llhinn-li r Sini'l. Cinin- Ti-wii. In .ippmpri 
lii.il di--ii;ii, iii,-rliaiii,-,il I'Xiiiilimi, -.iiiiiurv ar 
r,iniph-li-m---, lhi- Cuivi 111 i. imi -ni-pa^-i'd liv 
k,-mil\ I, I lln- p.llni in .1 iin.-l plaiu'Wiiilli' 



3RICAL SKETCH OF THE 



'r.iiMtU.i Niiiiiial Si lilt,. 1 liiiviiii: t"fii -u iii;my vi-iii^ in n|ifrii(i'in. 
tl>jfii iiii<i 'V^tfiii lifiii;; -1. wrll ;in>i wiiiflv Iviit'un, it i.s su|»-r- 
. r. Ii T I" llin-i- i.r ih,- 1 iii.in.i Sr|i,,.,l, whi, ii arc jin-'-UcIv Himiliir 
ii'-|iccl. Till- I'iiil.liii;; il-ill i- ii iM.i;.'riiliiiMif -lunf -trinliirr 
tiliil <lt'^i;,'ti. It "t ( iipii'-' It wlinic liliH-k in cluHt' |ii'<i\iiiiity to 
( 'aiiji't- Sijuiiif, iiii'l is t>i'tiaiNt-iitt->l witli \vi'|]-ki-|>t and s]>ari<iiis 

I' wa- pli-lcl ilniiri.' tin- laltiT |,aiti.r 1-7.'.. in linii' r..i- 

ptiuii ..( -in.lcnH r.T iIm' i-.';,'iilai' liiijj "I l-rri-i; : and llic mIII- 
M.rl- .■! till- .Mnii-li-r nl I'Miu'ati.m -linv thai ilniini; it- lii-i 
lii'iT HI Ti'aiiiiliratinn.H ri)rudniiH-i.iii liv s I .andidalc-.all ..I wln.rn 
liiilli'd. (If llic-i, .'17 « I'll' mall-- ami -17 li-rnali^. ■rwcntv--ix 

■ •rnii'i- and -^i nl tin' iatlii- had pivvi..ii-ly lj,.,-n i-nt;a;,'i'd in 
:. (>nl\ ;i "l.iainid Si-.i.nd (lav- I'nuin.ial . .-rtilic ,il<- at tin' 
la- trim. Ily lai' (In- :_'natt-i nnniltt-i- ot -tiidt-iits ( ]-2) urn- Irinn 
I ('..nnly; ili.ai;;li tiiiMi' wit.- -nnni llii'ii- li.aii ihr ■■strrrin^ 

C.ainlii-, in.liidiiu' Urant, S'.irhplU. Wi-lliM;;|..ii. (MnnI, r.Ttli, 
Itru.r. .Mi<|.||.-,'\, and l.and.lun. 

MiCal..-. \\. . i- l'nh.'i|.al and Kii-li-li MaM.r, and U'ni. |{. 

I'., A., It.S.-,, K li.S.lv. i- Ih,- Maili.niali.al .Ma<l.r. .Mi. M.- 
ii madnatr ..f ih,- .V,,ini il S, li,...l, lliiMin, and In. Id- lii- l),-.;i,-.- 

Ii'..ni III'- rniv,r-iiy nf ( llt.nv.i. II. ■ «a- Kn:,'li-li .Ma-i.T in 
s'..-; N..rMial .S.I1..1.I I'.n ininv vi-ar- iiiv'i..n- !■. hi- a|i|.i.ini- 

hi- |.l.-.'nl |i.i-ili.in. .Mr. lii.I.l.dl i- a C.nia.lian l.i.iii ri.Ml 
. (Int.. ^.111 ..r W.ill.i' lii.l d.ll. K-.|.. li.f many v.ai- Id-.v.' .d 
n-lii|..ir ll.iniill..n, an.l a '^lailiiai.' ..r Vi.-t.iiia I'niv.T-ily. 

iri \« \ IsivKn^irv. Thi- -pliMidhl ( '..ll..^'.. .i\vi-i it- lininila- 
h.- .•nli-lil.ii.-.l /t-ii ..t til.. 111. K.v. .1. K. (Ini-uc-, D.D., 
(', l'.i«h..|. ..I livt..»-n aii.l (liiaw.i. ( lr|.'ani/.i..l in I'-ls, nn.li'i' 
"■ii..i-hi|. ..r lli-v. Kath.i- eh. Villi. •!•, with (l.'i -in.l.'nt-, it was 

Mi.vl l.y -I iai A.l ..I I'alli.nn.-nl in 1,SI!I a- Ih.. ■• (.'..lie;;.- ..f 

lii-iny -nl.-...|n.'nll\ km.wn a- ".St. .1 ph.. Cnlli.j;,.," ami 

,' its |.ii.-.nl Chaii.i .1- lln- ••('.. 1 1. ■;_.,. .,! ditawa" in Isdii 
ily |...«i'lM h.in^; ...i,liii,..| l,v ih.' K.'.hial I'.uliani.nt Hilhuiit 

ii'lll VI. in.. 

I'l.lli-.;.' li.i- .ilHa\- 1..-.II nml.'l lhi. .lir.uli.Hl .d tli.' ( '.ilmivj,' 1- 
ii. (Il.|a(.. F.ilh.L- ..I .Milv Imin.i.-ulat... t.. whidi th.. Ili-lmi. 
1.. I..n:;.il ; an.l ..f uln.rn l."i iii.inl.. r-. ai.lr.l hy IH -. Il.lla»li.■ 
■ ..| thi' ( liili'i, a <.-.iilar I'lii-t, ami ^ h.i.ly I'l.iruH-iil". at'.' at 
■n:jai;.'.| ill lli.' \v..rk, whi.h, h...;,'nn mi a .■..inparaiivi'lv small 

■ in. n'.i.s.-.i till the nuinl.i-r ..f -tinl.-nl- r.v.i-.-.ls .■lii.i. 
I.Miidiii:.' it-.dli-a iiia:,'iiili.-.-ni -iMiit' -tin.tnr.-, .-..ni|>ri-iii^ mail) 
I !«.. winx- l-t..i.\-. with ii.i-. ni.-iit. .111. 1 .l..riiu.n-.l niansar.l 

I iiil.'.l l.y nrnani.'iit.d ii.'ii [..ilin.'- ih.' . .nii.' M... k !..'iiii,' 

liv a liall.l-.ilni. .L.tinv 

.111.1.1 th.. l'i;.-i.l,.nv\ ..r I!, v. .1. II. •rah.iivl. (I,.M.I., »h.i i- 
II. -I . .11 l'..iili.;il I-;.. .11.. my. 'I'll.' \vh..|. l.iiil.lin:^ i- a nalt.-rn ..!' 
an.l .■..iiv.nii.ii. !■; Ih.. i-....iii. ar.' all -|.a.i..il-, Midi ln-,.li.,|. 
Mill v..|itil,it.-.l, ami till. .iiiaii,L,'.Mii-iil- f..r |.liy.-iial an.l lanitary 
aii. iiiicM'i.||i..|. .Mih.iii_.|i, I. II' wain ..I niraii-. tlii-ri'aii. H't n.. 

• ..I .Mi-.li. iiic i.r Law. y. t il iiiii.T.ial, i.|i;_diii'iTiii;;, ami 

.-..ill-i- |..i.si.-- a .urn. ilhlni wliicdi will lii^al- I'uv.il'al.lif |...m|i.iri- 
tli I .inv Ciill.j^.-- Ill 111.' r i.iinliv . 

EMALE COLLEGES AND SEMINARIES 

vivili/i-d . .iiiurii- Hiihiii Ih.- piv-i-nt ^jimh raii..ii, .nul ni..i.- 
ly within th.- |..i-i .Ifcal... iiiii:i.-n.<i. <lii.|i- Iniv,- li,...|i in i,|,. 

' i''-iill- il. iii|.li-ii -.1 tiiw.i i| |ihu-iii,' w..nii- 1 ,1 |.ai wiili 

Will I Iiiiati..iial a.lvaiila-i- ; an.l at liwt tlii. -iiat ami 

■"|m-li I •! hinhuf -t.iml.ii.l ..I' i.,|ii. alinn liir y.ntm.; Ia.lii.i 

havv III-. II -ati-la.t..iilv -i.Ui-.l. A- in th.- .-a-.- "nf iiiaiiv ...- 
liral ili-|iiriiiu- I'l.mi ih.. liiiin .Iniin ami ..l.l-r.i.'v id.-.i- .,1 ,,ni- 
ii-i--' .lay thai .1111- -i-i.i- and wivi-s -hiiiilil kn..w milhiii;.' I.iil 

wa-li, i.-w. an.l alt.-lnl -. h Iv tn tin- pliv-ii .il iiiin|',,i-|, ,7| tin- 
I -.■^" till' rnitcil Siati.- In.ik tin. I. a.l : .in-l ih.-ii- Ki-i„.,|.' 
in.i Si'iiiinaiii-» wi'i-i at lir-. tin- li'inpi .,| ih.' ■• l.,i,U ,.r 

a. r..- 111.' -i-a piiti.'iilaiv tin- Kii,-li-li ami ( h-rni.in-. win. 

I 1.. Ihiiik that w. 11 -h.-.ild I..- -law- : -....11. hv th.-ii- -n,-. 

iniii'.; tin- w. .11.1. i- .,1 ,.1,11 ,1,,,-,. win. lii-i li.l.l ili.-ni i in; 

V. I.\ lln- lil,i:;nili-.-iil n- nil- whi.h tln-y a.liii'Vi'd. .halli'iminj 
■ iiii.n ..I 111. -.ih..!.- w.-ilii, an.l inviliiii; tin- i'iiiiilali..ii ..rihr 
lal n.ili.in-. And in r.ill.iwiiii: lln-ii imlili. .-vaniph- Caiia.l.i. 
. in. ..th.i'. h.i- pi-i|..iiiii-,| a |.ail whi. h i- aln-.i.lv t.-lliiiL; Willi 
■111 lal I'll, rl iiii th.' y..nii;; in..ilii-i- ,,r th.- nali.ni. .in.; i.\,-i-.i-. 

'"'"'•'■ l"i - 1 "l"'ii tli.'V.iiin- w..im-ii „( Ih,. t'..iiiitv (wlniiii 

I- .111.1 .i.lniii-.- will, h will I..- 1,-lt l.v -ii..i-.-.|jii^. i;i.m-iati..ii- ..I 
I'l "liil' tli--iil.i..-t ..!' hi-h.-i- ...Im-iii-iii fill- f,.inil,.-, ii j, 

h- liiilli 1.1 -.i\ Ih.it (lllawa lilllv -ii-t.illi- III.- i,-piiiati..i'i -li.- 

-.-IV.- .1- 111. Capital III' lln- Cnintv, and .\< ,1 -,-al ..! ,-M-,.p. 

iiii- ..■li..l.i-ti, in-liiiiii..ii- ..r .1 -...'iii-i-.,! .h-ii-.i.l.-r-.liv II ni.i-l 

» "' ■'- hm- -.1 1- I1..111 tlii-l..wi-l 1.1 lln- lii^lii--!' r,,i- tin. 

.il 11,1111111, .111.1 lil.-i.iiy a.l ipli-l Ill .,{■ V..11111,' l.i,lii..i a^.ali 

i-i.- I..1111.I 111 tin- |l.iiiiiiii,.ii. Want nl .|.a.i- pi.-v.-iil- a- lull a 

II .1- Ihi-y di-i'i-vi- ; lint wi- \iill .irni.l,. p, ;, iVw .,|' ihi- , hi,.|' 

llill;.; ill i.pI.-I ..r.lL-.-. w,- ...111,- t., ih,. 

i,\r (Ml .M. .1-111 11 l|i.i-i: OK riii; (Iiim Ni\'^. whi.h « ,. 
11 1-1'-'. Th.' ii.-tiiiiti..ii i- |,„.at...l ..11 .Sii-.„.x ami Wat. 1 
11.1 undi'i- I'liai--,. nl .MiJin-i' .Man-, ,,| N,,!,-,' Hani,' ,|u s,,. ,,. 
p,-n..r,— (Ji-in-nil. TliTi-i.aii. al-..ati .U-i«l.iiit-tii in-i-.il, l-;^,.,,. 
-i.il, iJlli I'liili— ,-.l .si-i.-i-, an.l 1 iiiinil...| ..| n.ivi.-,- ami p.-m- 

"'••■"'^'i' '■ 'il.'i piipiU. ■I'hi- ('..nil V ,liii..t- Ji; ,|||. 

ii.lnliiii.-iii-, -„iiipii-iii^ |-;,|,„,ili.,i,a| and I'liaiiliilil,- In-iitn- 

.1 will, h ail- 111 tin- Hill,,- I (Ittaw.i, :i in tin- Hi,,,-,-,. ,,|- 

'"I - 1" II"' I'i' -'• id' liiilLiI,, i and i- tin- nm- wi-i- 

i.ili'.ii^ nl tin- kin.l in II ..iintiv. 

M 1.1; Nniiii livMi; i.r S\, iiK ( '.1 1 ii. .,„ HLhaiiaml I! i,.|- 

..ll-pnii • ..I ih.- al..,M' 111,- linai-di-i'^ nt Ih.' |„|,-i-.,iv lii,iii„i,. 
11'. 11 wilh 111,' .Miitiii.ii ll.ii ,K haxiii-.; li,-,'n nim.v.'il li,'ti,-,' In 

!".> 'I"; nil,('i,',l l.iii ;i.-,, whih- till' pupil- ai pn-M-nt in 

'■ iiMinlii'r .iMi ;1(|||. Till '.uii.liii^ i-a lai-,.,. ami liaii.|-,an.' 

lull-. Willi all Ih,. Ill, ..I, III iiiipi-,,\,,|ii,.ni- a- t,, Inatin-. Ii-hi- 
l-iiinii, .iii.i 111,- -, ii,-i.,l In-.ilih ami ...nil.. it .,1 tin- piipil." .sr.i,., 
. .1.-11- I- Snpi-ii. .,..,„. i,.i-t,.,| l,v ,1 -i.iii;,,|:i| ■|',.a,|i,.i-- 

u;., III. IS UK NiitMK linii;, 11 hiani-li nl II \ilhi Maii, ' 

idi,- S,-iii,n,,iv, ,,r Mnnli-i-.il. i- ,1 ,|,ii, U -i,,|, mi „ 

1 Mii-.'l. Ciiitii T.wii. Inappii.piiat. n-i'plinn. aivhiti. 

: 'ilnini'il ,'\.-. mi -.init.irv .iiiaii-.in.iit. ami "i-m-i ,1 

— . lln- Cniivi 1,1 I- mil -iii-paH-,..| l,v ant ..f ih,- inanv"«lii,di 

''■' •"'■ l'-'l'» iii"-l pmi'i'tt,iilli\ and liiiii,,iiralih iln-. 



kilin. Si-ti-r llal.lii'l i- ''^lip, iinl,--. Willi a laiL;,- -lall ,.l a. .-..Iiipli-ln -I 
a-i,lalil-, ami l.",l l.l.lv -tmh-lit-. 

Tin- niiiii-,il i.iur-.- ..I -lu.|\ in all lln- al.nvu ii \.-iy -iiiiila:. in, lii.l- 
in>{ Kli;^li-li, Ki(.|i.'li. nialh.-lnaiii -. iiiii-i. . di.iuin,', painlili,:.., all 
ilt.-clipliiili> III lam-v w..ik, and wli 11 In, .l.-lm-nli alvvav- .-laiim- 1 
was a hi-lti'l- iplality ill nln-'.H wih' lli.iii In-iii;; .ildi- I., lan-liiti- \ n-il .-.■ 

Uiilaii- hnw In I k ,1 ll.lllL:ly 111.111 a :;n...l dlnii.-l, Thll- lln- -. i.-n- .- 

nl il..iiii--lii- i-,-,.n,.niy i- in 11-. wi-.- ii,-nl,,t,'d tin- \,.iiir^ hnlif- i.-. .-i\ 
iiii; a thnrnili^hly pia.-li.-.il i-dm -itinli a- wi-ll a- a i-ulluii- w liii li i-ii.tlilr- 
tlii'iii tn takn a pn.-itiiiii ill tin.' I.i--1 -n. i. ly. 
I Till' aliiivc Si-iiiinarii-i .u.-. a- wi- -i-i', iimli'i llm ilin-i linn -.1 

[ iii.i-t di'Viiii'd adlni-i-tit- nf till- Itninan ('.iilmlii- Cliui.li: yi-t we ai.- 
a— iiii-.l liy Ihii-i- whn kimw wln-li-id liny -piak lli.it tln-y an- i-N,lil- 
-i\,ly '•i-,liu-.itinii.il " in-lilnlinii-. and imii--.'. 1 man 111 tin- lru.--i 
>,-ll-i- III' tin- wnid ; ami wi' art? awai-i- tlial \ fry liiiiny nf lln-m.-i pi..- 

iiniiii,',.il I'l-iiti-tanl- III' till- IiIliIii'iI inti'lli.^'.'ii'.'i' ami K.'-l lal -l.in.l 

inn y,.||,| i|„.||. ,|aii,n|||,.i'< t . tin-,. Cnlivniil-. wln.-i- r..ll- ...ntaiii lli.- 

nani.-^ ..I many yniiiin ladi,- nf tin- lu'-Mainilii - tliimi-l t ilu- wlmli' . 

.■.iiinli'y, ami i-\i-ii li-i.ni ni.iiiy ..I tin- liiiiiii .•>!ali-. m-r.-pi . livi- nl 
nlininii- i-i'i-i'd. TliiTi' ar,' tw,,"iiiln r llnin.iii (.'alh-ilu. I.imilt- ai-.tili'inii-- 

111 ihc 1 'itv, lint thny ai'f mil t Iintf 1 mi .xti-n-ivi- .1 -cih-a-ili, 

dint,' till,-,-, tin- -tinli-iil- Ill-inn day pupil- t-hnlly. in.l lli 11 f 

-liidy snin.-what I.--.H .nl van, ,-.l. I'ln-y ar,- lln- 

S|. .\l\ins .\,.viii,Mv, W,.-lliii-t'.n .'-ii.-.-i, 1. 1 whi.-li .-ii-ii-i .\|aiv 

Annii-tim- 1-1 l)ii-,',-ti-i— , with an att,-ii.l.i'a I Km pupil-, ami 

Sti:. F.xmm.i.k l|.ir-K. ( 'li.in.li..|-i', with .Si-tiT .Sin. .\i-;'ii,- a.n Dir,-. - 

ti-,'-s ii--i»i,il hy ivvii tna. hiT-. .mil tvitli an alh nd.iia I |-Jo pupil, 

I Th.'ii' I- nil,' -lli, ilv ,1,11-1111111. lli, 11. d t'liinn 1 liil--' -I I I 111 ini.-nii. 

I vi/.. Ill,- 

I riirii.ii .If Ks'.i.tMi I, tun;.' Sriinu,. wlii.'h was I'-ial.li-hi-l 

I ,,ii'iiii,n|i lln- i-lh.n- nl a nninli.-i I.r li-„|ii|n ,-l,-invii„ „ an.l latnn-n,,! 
j till- iilinvi- I 'hiinli in 'S.'pi.'inliiT. l-li:l, ami iin- up.ir.il,' I liv -pii'i.d 

A,.-i ,,n'.iili.iiiu'iitiii I'-ri. 'I'll,- |.,i'.iii I'tln- -i-li.„,l i,,,ii \V,-lliiin 

I .■'^11-,'ft, ami il i- iimliT lln- .lin-cli I .\li-i 1 'I,-.;,', a- l.a-ly I'riiiurpi!. 

Ill,- -m-rt-— imi In wh I'll p.. -ill. .11 has l.,-t-ii, iiiv,'i--i-lv, .Min* .M.iiin. yi\.. 
I'lilh'f. and .\lis.s Ma- hill, wlm was thf lii-t t ■ laki- i-h 11'^,-. Tli,. p,,- 
I -,'nl -lajl nf li'„ohi-i- i- li.ilh iiiiimTi,!!- ami illin.ul. Ih,' ,sp,-,i,i|ii,-- 
[ h,'iiin I'ai.jlj-h, Fri-mh. nni-ii', .Ir.itvinn. ami puiiiin.'. Tin- C-nim-.l 
is c.iinpnsi-il ,,| a iiiiiiil,i-i- nf ih,. I„-| .111, 1 111. I-! inllm-iilial ritiz.-n-. in 
I'liidinn .lm|n,- |,v,iii. \'.-n. \r. li-h- t.-,.ii l.tmli-r 1 'iiaiiinanl, an-l .1 .\. 
Tiiriam-.- .S,-L-rrtaiy . 

I'm- III tin- liin-l. Ill many r,-| 1-. ,,|' .til im- la-ln-' -, li-„.l- ,,i 

illiatt: 1,-iiiaiii- v,-t 1,1 II'- ntinmd, ti/., ili,- 

I rtttt l.vniKs' 1 ''il.l.Ki.i:. lln- -.-In-im- f.,i l.uillin-,' wlii.-h tta- 
a,'iia,.-.l ill l-.i;7. ami Link -hap.- at it piil.ln- iin-.-tiiin at tin- I'ilv 11., I 
mi tin- iL'ih .liily nf ihat y.-ar. At llii- m.-i-linn „-v,-i'ii| ilmu-aml 

ilnll.ii-- w,-i,- siil,-,-iil.,-,| in ai.l nf ll nii-i-pii-i-. wlii.-h sum hid I u 

illt.'l-i-iH,-il liy (li-tnliur I'Jiid tn .'^L'J.illio. .11 i\lil,-h il.lli- il |!..ii|,| ,.| 
.Maiiai;i-iin-iit w.is fh-ot,-,!. iiiid iippln- iii,.ii iii.i,|,- tn lln- l.t-ni-|i,iur.- Ini- 
aii Alt nf liic..ip,ii-iiiinii, whi.h wit- niiiiil,-.! 1),-.- I7ili. l-il:i : an.l i|,.' 
pr,-i'iit liuiidiiin. whi. Il is situati'.l ..11 .\ll.,-n .i^ii.-,-t. ami i- :i.s ;in 
ai, hii,'i'tiii'ii| ,',li|i,,- an ,.iii.iin,-nt t,i tin- ( 'ity, and ;t- an 1- ..id 

iii'lilntinn it , r,',lii p, it- pi(,ni,ii,.|- iin,| sup],,,,!,.], , Wiis ,-..,ii . . m-i-,| 
111 l.'<71, i-,nipl,-t,-.l ill 1-7:;. an.l fnrinillviip.-iii-.l ..ii th.- I'ml JS,-pti.nil..i 

nl ill i: \.- If. Tin- -u. f th" iin.l.-itakinn "'.is .|ii,- in ni-.-;it iii.-ii-,ii,, 

nl .I..I111 Ii... hi-i.-i-. .M.I'., wh.. Wii- Mat.. I' .,r th.- CiM ih,- v.-ai- ,,| it- in- 
.■.pti-.n. I'll.- lir-i U.ii-1 nf .\|.in.ij-iii.'-nl ..iiisisli-dnf K, ii. Kd.lv I'u- 
-nl,-iit ; .l.,l,n 11-,, li. -1. 1 .m.l.l. |;, l:nl.,„s.,n. Vn ,-l'i,-i,l,-i,i- - I; 

lll.t-kl.iii-ii, ,M,I'., .1, .M. 1 uii.-i. .Ml'.. II. 1-'. |l,„, I I! |j.„.,|, 

W. I'. Sniilii... .1. T |',iii,,..k. C -^.. llav. .l-diii L,--.,, |{,.v. 1) \\' 

''"I'l iml lii-v. Will. .\1 |iii,-,-i,,i-. ri,,- l!.-v. .Ml l.tih-. \\ \ 

w.isth.' lu-i I'lim-ip.il. f..|l,.ii.',| In -ii.,-,-,i,,,i l,t I-:. 11 .|,,.k-,,ii'. .M..\.. 
l!,-v. Win. .M,..!,- vvli.,n,iv,- lli- sii this (;r.itiiii..ii-lv . iiml l{i-\. A 1-' 

kiiiip. I.I..I1., wh.i ai pi, -,-1,1 pi,-,i,|,-. 1>|,,|,- ■. i.-|.||,.,. I, „,„-i,,.! 

.iii-.-it-.i-, .iml .l..hn liu-kn-. I.iu-.ii, Thi-i-,- is an i-tlion-iil -tall' .,r la-lt 
ti-.i,li,i-. iiml tin- i-,;;ul.ir h.,liiii-i-- iin-imli- I'l-.d. Kiddi-ll. ,,| tin- \",,i - 

imtl S,|:..n| -tail,- iin.l .Ivnaniifs ; I'l-.if. liiph.-. X.irni.il S,-l I 

■Inuii-in : Ii. v. .\. .\imsti-,in^r, M.A. Kiin|i-h l.iii-ialii ,-) ; iii,.i 

l!i-v. I). .M. (;.,i,i.,n. li.l). ..vhhn, f ( hii-iiaiiiivi. 

Th,- iii-iiiiiiinn h.t- l,li tin- t-ll,-,-i ,,f tin- -.;. iit-r.il nimi-.-iil ,|, - 

I'"— • llinii^l 1 In -111 i-\i,'iil wliii-h iiii,i-f,-i-,-.l with il- ii-.-liiin,.s- 

«.' at.' I..I.1. h.nvi'Vt'i-. that it- pi,'-..nt i,ai.liii..ii 1- 1 p.i..us. nrh 

tnmi.slakiddi. in is.- ..1 a l.i'iuhi riiiuiv a pi. .Ii,-li..ii tv hi. h ih,- .-v 

.'. ptnniallt hi.-h -t.nnliin; ,,f lln- pi.-,-,,t llnanl ,.f M.iiia..-iu.-iii. h,-i,-Hitli 
ii|ili.il-li'.l. s,,'i,„ t.. iil-tih. vi/. : II. :••. |ii,,n-,,ii, l'i',-,.l,'nl - ,l,,|,i, 

>tt,-,'lliiii,l. .M.l>.. Ui Vn ■'-l'i,-i,|,.ni ; l!,'v. Win. .\| -,., ■:,„[ V,. ,.. 

I'h'-nl.'iit ; II, ,11. liiin,'- Skiii.l. Ali'\, Ihinili. .Iniiii .M.'Mill.iii K I', 
•..i.ly. Ui-v. II. M. (innh.ii. li.l).. .M.-L.-.,.l Si.-tvail, .l.-lin 11 ll.-i.ih' 

.lann-s ltn,-li.-t,-i. I'Mw.u-l .M. t lillivniv. .M •iiniiiiin|iuiii. A. S. W l' 

1. 11111. ami ('. T. lii.t,-. I)ii,,i,ii 

THE CHURCHES 

In ,-lini,iiin,n tin- -,-11, 1,1 ,,iiiil-r, ■ ,.1 i.m l,„,,liiv. m- tin- t-li.ii-.,, 
t,-ri.sti,-s ,,| any .•..luinnniiv. tin- iiiiinl.,-! ami di'-iiipiiui nf il- Chii-t j ,n 
I'hiir. In- i-,.i,",| ih,' lii-i iiml , |ii,,f p,„„iH wlinh 'itliint atti'iilimi 

and iipmi tin 11 ,,.:..|iti„ii mat \>.- Ii.i-.'d. pi-.l.iil.lt . .1 nnu'i' , mat.- 

■ itl.-ul.iinni a- In 111,, n, -,,.|-a| ,|i-iiiin,iUhin:; |,.,ii,,i | ih,.p|a, ,. „n,l ii, 

pinpli-ihan iipmi .my nth i|n|,. ,-iiil,l,iii „r ih,-,, ,.xi,ti,i . -lat.-. Il 

ant nil,- .•..iiiinnl.. (Ittiitt ... -,.,- ih,- ('hiiicli,'. al -, 1„. wniiM 

iii.liiiiilly ,-,,ii,-lii,l,- that, a-a . ,.l.-. it niii-l 1..- .111 iiiip,,il;inl and In-in 
tilnl I'ltt. lilli-d lit an 1 nli-ipii- n-. pm-pi'iinis, inti-lli',niii, ami im.i.ii 

l",",l"'' '''!•' I ;--in'j.ill 111" '1 .piiit'iii,'iit. ami r, in-im'tit- ,,f ,, 

liinhlv .-iilin|n,,m-.| an,,. 

Tlij- iii-|niiill,aiil l.i-«inniiin..an,, i,i|..|t at lii-st, tli.,mdi aft.-i« ii.i- 
i;i'..«ii|.,' tn iiiii-i )-,ipi,l -1.1^,, nf ,l,-t,.|,,pi,„.,„ ihnainh wlii,-h ih- 
vai nu- l.i-aiiilii - III Ih,. ('hi-isii.ii, (•hiii-ih p,is-,-,l, till aiiixin-atth.n 

I'l. »' »' piii-pi'f'ius -liiii-, is sutli. i.iiih i.-ih. t,',l in ,..iin,.-i, ,, 

wiih ..111- t;i-iii-i,i| iiin.iik- nil t,li^i,,u, iii-iiiuti.ui-. ami tli,. »a ;■ 

l...al liis|..n.- |..||..tMi,n, It IS -ulln-i,-iit 1,, .„hl that up i-. ll,,- turn- .1 

I ;.lii'.itiiiii tin ilmirli t-dili.-.- in i,-,- „,.,-,. ii„„tK th....- whi.-li h.-,.l 

'"'■"'""", I"""'''"'-' ''■'*■"' l''<l'iwii.,,iiiUv,.| r..,|i,pai,,ii,,.|t limn,, I 

..i.-niiiin.i.|atiiin and .ni-mi.ilK iiili unn- d.-s, iipti.,11. |;,ii lln- , Ma ..| im 

I"'"" I" "lii'li '■iiiniii..nii.l ill .,1 1 .t,,, ,.(h,.i 1.1 h ill ih. 

I -ipilal with th,- |,,nmlii,-, „f ll,,' |i,,ni|ni ,.\t,'i„|,..| i|.,| n,.! 

«a- ..,iii,'iiip,iiani with that ttlii,h|,a. -iiif,. tlnn ninh' <,. iiiaik. .1 

it .'li.iiin.- Ill th.. app.-,iiiiii. I- and . hai.i.-li-i- ..f ..iii- I 'in Chni. h. . 

Tln-iv ill-.- il I'hni.ln. m ( iiiat..,. .,. |,,||,,„,k. | |i,,pii.i. | f..,, 
Siif};aUnlnil, I iLiimni l.nlh.'iiin, ,-, l-lpi-, ,,pi,|, vi/.: ('.iih,,|i.- A|iiist..|i, 



COUNTY OF CARLETON — 



(HikIi) Clmrcli, Christ Climvli, Clmrcli nf SI. AIImiii tlic Miiitvr, 
Kiniimmiol .^Rel'oniiea Episcupul) Church, ami Chmrh of St. John the 
KvaiiKi4i,»t ; ;■) MothiulHt, viz. i — Bii.lHf Strwt (M.E ) Chuieli, Ynrk 
Siioi'KM. K.)Ch«iuh, Mi-tlioilist (i.r CamiUii) Chuivh E.ist. Mi'thoiUst 
"I Ci\ii:iihi Chuivh Wu.st, ami D.iii:iiiiiiii .M,-tl„i.list Chiinli; :, Piv<liv- 
t.MKin, vu ; -liiiuk Street Chiuvli, Daly Slret-t Chiiivli, Kreiiih I'rJs- 
livteriuii Clmreh, Kiuix Church, and St. .Vtiilrew's I'hurch ; ami (! 
KHiuaii Caih.ilif, viz. :— the Catlie.lral .le Nnlre Daiuc, Churrh ile 
Xc.lre Dame du Saiie CiL'ur, St. Anu.-» Cliuuli, St. .lean Uapti^te 
Cliiuvh, Si. .)ii~e|ili's Church, ami St. l'atriik< Church. 

.Mu.1t .it' these are very tine eilllieea. while .s.nue cf theiu are e\co|i- 
tiniially B.i-|iai-(icularly the Catheilial, the Xutie Uaiue, St. Patrick a, 
St. .Vmlrew's, Christ Church, Knn.\ Church, the Itai.tist, ami D.iiuin- 
i,.ii Meth.Klist all c.f which, except the Callieilral, have liceii huili 
within till' t ine lueutmneil almve. This Cathe.lral i> cue ..f the iiiaiu 
..hjecls ft attraetinn tii every visitor t.i the city- its heautiful an.l 
classic outline, aiileil hy the prominence of its location, formin',' mie of 
tlic chief ohjccts of interest on which the eve rests, look at Ottawa 
from which way we will. It is luiilt in the carlv Knolish stvlc of 
(iothic architecture, with two towers of liuht, open (iotliic w.uk ' each 
the exact ciintei'iiarl of the other -over JIMI feet hi},'h. ll was foumle<l 
in |s4l, ami coinpleteil in l.MM. lusi.le it contains an area of JiKihy 7.". 
fitel, with (1.-) feet height of ceilini{. ami easily aceominoilates :.', 1100 "per- 
sons. I'nlpit, galleries, altar. Ac, are tittec'l iii keepins; with its other 
]iarta : while it possesses a niagnilicent organ, and some verv valnahh- 
paintings hy ,,1,1 ma-ters— among which is the original •• iMight into 
Kgypt," hy MuriUo. 

Of the others, a ileseription would Im tedious, on account of their 
numlier. They are, however, wiihout exceplion, unnsuallv tine edi- 
lices even for large cities, Christ Church ami the Dominion "Methodist 
in particular lieiiig models of lieauty and elegant design and liiiish, 
hoih ..utsi.le and in— though each dill'ering very much fr.un the other. 
The for.ncr ciwt l?4."),(K)o and the latter a littleover ?!.il),lM)o. All the 
above churches are of stone. The cost of the others, so far as we 
eoiiM learn, was : St. Andrew's, .*iio,0(H), ami Kno.\ ( ■hurch. S.'i:!,oi)0, 
the llaptist and St. Patrick's fall littl.-. if any, lu'liind. 

SEMI RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS 

Chief among these is the ('iiniilii of I'.irlflini llfnrnil I'i::fr.it,ii4l 
/fM.s/,l^^^ called hy those versed in hucli matters one of the Hnest iiisti- 
tuliiiiis of the kind in the country. It is located in splendid ami suit- 
ahle hrick huildiiiL's <ni Kideau Street. A veiy large numher of the 
leading men of the City an 1 County are coiineeled with llie Hoard of 
Directors: and the list of attending and Ciiiisuliing Physicians coni- 
I'rises a large nnmhcr of the most eelehiated doctors of the City 
lieorge Hay is the Pre.siileiit, .1. i*. Featherston. Vice-President, and 
Win. Cousens. Secretary. 

7'/e I'-tfhflir ili'n'i-'tl /fN\;)i7(i/, oil Water street, is also a veryi'Xteli- 
sivo. fxcellently condncted. and worthy institiition, and is doing a iioMe 
Work. It IS miller direction of tlie Sisters of Charity, of whom Sister 
Saiive i- Directress, and .s^ister Lavoie. I'.comimist ; Drs. .St. .lean, M.l'., 
Hiiliill.ird.and l.ynu, are the Hospital Surgeons, and Dr. Hill, lonsilt- 
ing Physician. 

Then there are the l'iul,.<lii,il ('171/001.^' //one and /'/..(. .<t.iii( /'.i..c 
/^/o_f' .l.s-*'ic,oh'iiH, each doing a good work in its own particular sphere 
heing managed hy most ellicient Directorates of the li'ading citizens 
— the former hy ladies. 

Tin SI. i;iliitk's n./ih. II, .i.<.ihim,im incorporated society with D 
O'Connor as President. ;ind 11. Devlin as ."Necretary. tills a tield of nse- 
iiilness siithcieiitly indicated iiy its name. 

Thr SI. ,h,.i.i,l,\ "i/i/.i.i Ax>ibiiii, eslalilished IHilo (Catlicart an'' 
Sussex .Streets), is under chai-ge of the t Jrey Nuns ; and the St. t'hnrlt"^ 
A.-'iihlni tor th.' .1,/../ (Water Street) is under ililectinll 'if the Sisters 
nf 'iharity. There is also a .si..-.. »,.M;t' •>/. rai,f„l ,h I'.ml. estalilished 

lor Ihere'lief of the | ■: ami 7'/i. /'•'irlir.il.,,- t;,n,„il ,,/ iilt.nri. h.aMiig 

four Conhirences, viz. : I. Oiir Lad\ of Ottawa; '.i.) Notre Dame : 
(:l.) St. .loseph. and 4.) St. Patrick. 

Besides the ttll„,ni .1 .... ,'/i„,« /(;;,/, S:,i,tii. there is the IHI.nr,, Y 
M. ''. .!., organized in I''(i7. They have .ommudious reception and 
a-seml.ly rooms at No. :io i rt 'omior Street, .-it whii-h daily and weekly 
meetings are held, and to which all arc welcullle and free. They also 
h.ive a flee reading room open daily from H a.m. to !i::io p.m. The 
C'invenienees and comforts which the W M. C. .\. otft-r to the puliiic 
particularly to strangers in the City are not of the least among then 
g.Mi.l w.irks, hy vvhich we, as well as they, must linally lie judged. 
There are, -if course, the usUiil inimlierof 

NATIONAL AND LITERARY SOCIETIES. 

or pel haps we should rather say an unusually large numlier : and w,. 
are informi'.l that, almost wittenit exception, thej are in a ver\ en 
C'luraging eomliliou the resiillsof ilu-ir works lieiug highly credilalile 
to their respi'ctivi- memlieis and suppoiiirs, and lielielici.il to all eoii- 
cel-ned, The\ W ould all w ell hear e.Xtended remarks Init we call here 

hiietly mention tlio-e at present oeiiirnng to os. 'i'lie.\ comprise till' 

SI. li,i,r,j,\ ,s'.i,;.(;( (.1. p. Keathersl President: Halpli .1. I'ook. 

Si'crelary . St. .I'le'iv"-.* .s'...-;, /.( (.McLeod Stewart, I'leii lent : .1. 11. 
Hol.crtsi'iii, Secp'tarv). SI. /'.r'l-ei'. ,^■..i■o *;/ , P. llasker\illi-. President : 
'W. II. Nagle, .Secretary), Si .hi.i l).-/.!,.^!, .S.i...*.((IJr St..lein. ,M.I'., 
President ; I'. Oagiie, Secntary. 'I'liis .Society ha- threujnaiiehes 
in Ottawa, .v.. '■■■ /An... , .S'». ./ii.«.'/i/i. and .•</.. I ii >i.- . I,i>tllii'l r.,„„./i.,i 
/■'riiewi',,, (.Mphonse llenoil, I're-ideiit ; Kmiiianucl Tasse. Scretary ). 

fhih'.t, /);.s.:o-e..i f.lii.l.l:.,! /■'oie.-.i/., Oscar .M.Domm, 11, I'lcsldelll: 

A. .\. Dion, .Secretary;, .S'.i.i./.; Si. /'o,o ((1. Tnidiau. President; K. 
X, Valaile, Secretary, This Socjutv has iwo rnionsy .s(. I'ulrl-k'^ 
!,■< -.in) ,i.,.,„,-i„li.. II (W H. Waller, 'President ; T .McCalie, , Secretary). 
I. ill, ,11.1 .1,1/ S.-;.iihi, .s'l.,./// ( \V. D. 1.1. >ii,iiir li v.. Pre'n- 
di'iil ; II. .1. Wicksteed. H.I 'I.. .Seeri-laiy -ami what is far gri'ati'r 
th 111 any of the preceding in point of iiiimhers. the I'n'/iu/o )',,,;„,/ 
.!/•«■< I.iliiiini iiti'l II, III r,il, „i I til,,, I. This ■' Inion " was organized m 
.Inly, IM7T, In one year Irom that dale it eoiisis|i.i| of seven diU'ereiit 
liraiiclii's in the Cily, willi a total niinilieiship of over .MMI. Kacli 
iiraiiih lias Its A;iriiiiis iitlicers the Presideiils :iiii| Vice- Presidents of 
the whole forming a tirand Council. 



SECRET SOCIETIES 

TiiK .Mv.srio Tie. The 1 1. U. C. M. for the Ottawa I 

W. Hro. Ken, ..f the hrin of itlvlh .V Kerr, hanlware 

There is one Council of It. ,V S. Maioiis, one |{. A. Chapter 

lililii Lodges in the Cily. Tliev are named lespectivelv, '•'•'' 

al, S,i. s. f„il,t.„i fi,.,,,i,r. .V,.. Hi; ;),,,';,„„,<,■, /,,„;,„'., .v„ 

/-ii(/;/., A'o. .-.« : (V,-,7 Sn;-i,r /,.„/„., .V.,. I IS, ISinl.h-if l„„li 

l.„,lii,' „f FiiUHtij. .Yo. -l-.W ; rii.iiiiliei; l.ii.l.n; A'". -JIH ; ai 

ll'iilia Lmliji (organized Deceiiiher liitli, 1S78, and not yet 

all (i. U. C. 

'I'here is a .V.i.s.iiio- IliiiM „/ l!,U.f composcil of a W. i 

i from each 1-odge. 

The / il',n Mii.<„i,ir .Miiliiiil Hni, til .\si„,i,ili„ii, estahlis 

. her JTth, 1H7II, and incorporated March :!oth, Isr4, is rep 
j \'. W. Hro. W. liea. .Seereiary of IS„il,l ,-.<' h„i,i, . 
j TiiK OiiANoK, I'liii'i.i;, vNii Hi. UK. Sir K! T. Keiiiiv, 

I is Deputy (i. Jl. ,if the (ir. lik. Chai.ter of H. A., and il 
' Hk. Chapter of Ontario Kast, of the Uoyal liliick Knights 
There is a (!i,iii.l Ch'iiil, r „j iillnmt, a' l!,„i,il 111;,!: I'l;,;/ 
l'„iiill,l i:i„„.l <'l,„iil,r ill Ihi's Cit.v. In the 0|!A\i;l; there i.s 
1 1,11,1,1,. the l>l.-,lii,t l.,„l,i, ( .\„. 4).'livi' priv.lte Lodges (Nos. . 

! 'Jil, and '.'^7), and a A'.iim/ .s'.-„,/,( CI,. ,1,1.1. The i'/..„./. V, 
have a District Lodge and hve private Lodges here, the 7'i-i 
lodges, ami the '/v. Hf„, ■/>'.,!/,< om'. 

; Oiiii-Kki.i.owshii'. - Thereare two Lodges in the City 

Imlependent Order, viz.; f„ii:i,il l.,„t,i,, I. O. O. K., Ni 

j one of the Canadian Order, viz. ; M,ti„i,„l'ii.m /....'.(,,('. O 

I .'ll I. 

KoHKSTKV. This .Vm-iellt Order IS re|ilesented liv /•/■ 

I All. ."1,1107. 

I THE TEMPERANCE CAUSE 

I is not forgotten, as wu see a nuinherof organizatioiis of dilli 

! all having the same end in view -the riidemptioii of our cc 

I the "curse of Cauad.l " 
I TllK 1. O. (i. T. have three llourishiuL' TeiMplos. viz.;- 

I t„ii;, 7'cw/i/i, .Vii. io:t,- /■;«/., vol's. •/■.,„,,;,, and i-:iii. 

I .V.I, 14(1, The W. C. T.'s arc .M. .M. Pyke, C. I lorilmi, 

j Powers. 

I Thk So.ns ok TKMrKK.ANoK also tlourish tliiTc heing Id 

I Divisions of that h.i.lv in goml c.in.liliou -/;i//.i«-/i l>,'rl.<:, 
(.1. T. Hiirtrani, \V. 'p, ; ri„,,i,i;;r, /),'.-/..o,„' Wm. Siew,-i 
and (Jiuirrii lli,-i.'i',iii Wm. Hopkins. W. I'.). 

TnK liiisii I'.vTiiiii.ii- Tkmi'Kium 1: So. ikvv, f.iumlctl 
still in existence, an.t as to nuinhers ami zeal of meniliers 
proinising c.iiidili.ni. The Kev. P. Milloy is President, 
Ley.len, i^ecretary. 

MANUFACTURING INTERESTS 

In tin iistiiil sfii-i' "f tiu' tfDii, * Ml.iw.i is not a niannfac 
Antt yi't uitliin its limits, aipl in its imnn'<lialt' in-i'\iniity. i 
iiii.' lit' a t-(M't;iin pnnlnct is caiTifl nn t" a '^Tfat-r rxifiit 
oilier sitiu'li' citv "T Im-aliiy in tlu' vvtuM. Tin' mauhfr < 
raw material fni- tlio riiauiiii're Mills, ami tlie iMuisrs tin 
it passes till it L'linifs nmlerthf "i,'anL,'s"--to«,jetlier witli lli 
fuf tlu' p:i-t tt'n 'ir twelve yiars. ami a 'li'SLri|>titin nt the In 
Ac. "if the ('[.per f Htawa. h ive lui-n liiven mi-ler tin- i^'t.'ti 
•' Waterways."" To ilc-trrihe the m my mills c»f lie- luinliiT- 
Ottitwa. which eentiv at the Capital, witujil reipiire a v* 
will content piirselves hy deHiTihini; hut otio. as a fair s:'m| 
othi'rs, ali<t tpi'tte fnuu a ui-ll-veise<I writer in tlio work < 
iui.il'.r Ti'ul- nf tl,. nff.,,r„ ■ "Messrs. ilmnsons A \V. st-'U 
themselves here ui l^'t'.i, ami weir the tirst (.> t;ike np 
('humlii-re for the purpose of erei'iim,; a saw-mill on a 
They ari' now th.- prnprietms of two lar^e .-aw-mills, ami 
tract "f laMil nse>l as pilinL'-'-,'i""'in'l the whole pr'-rnise 
froM) ne,ir the Sleh-i ltn<li;<- to tli<' point of th<- I-lan<L 'I 
unnually alxMit IT.-t.O'HI L.^s. pio.lneim; hetwem :U\ ami -Ht 
iif liiinher, ot winch from Mvi- to ten itiillion are always kt 
The laii^e mill eoiitain.t two stoek-u'ani:- "f .'t" to Ml saws 
i^aniis, 14 I • I'i saw.-^, - Vaiikee :<ates, '.\'2 -aws. I sin^'h' > 
neccsary Imttini,' an<l etli,'ini,' saws. The ?^mallei' mill contai 
I'ate. aii'l huttiie,' an>l eiii,'niir ,saws Tin- lath mill conl.n 
i^am;.-*, •> or (i saws e leli ; IniltniLT rippaiatns aii'l |'itki't- 
splhtint.' mill for slahs : an<l |Mo.|tu-i s in million- •■{ lath^ 
employ for six niontli-^ in the yt>ai. in shippini,; tin- pn 
these mills, -i\ hiirycs witli .*) men eacli, ami I steamers 
racli. It refpiires ,<t.nnu to pay tlm weekly waye- of th 
mnit," 

In a«l'liiioii to The ahove. HaMwins Mills pi-o.Ince :! 
hooth'sMilU.:! » i!nliionH;l'erh'y\ l*attee"s. Mills, -tOmillin 
:!0 nnllions : Neu K-linhniu'h MilU. :((• millinns : Koehesti 
hons : K.I. lys (Hull), in millions; IJalM.n \ ('nrriiM*s( 
linrm'<i ), -'* millions ; Skeatl's ( Nepeaii , h) millions :< iihii 
Mtlls (Ifiil) an I Cr.in'lcll A <"o.'| (Hull), :><) ntillions 
(tJatniean). '■\'* millions : Mel'herso". l.e.Mi>yne A Co.. ;tml 
Linn iV C" {Itiviere I >n Lievre) l'> millions ; Hamilti 
. ;,iwkeMlinry), lii millions, or a total <if .'piio tnillioiis nf j 
r annum in an<l a<t j'MiiiiiL; < Ittuwa. for the peiioij e\ten<liii 
|s7n to Ih;:. or IHTti 

The eapit ll n-ipnu!-! ni carryimj on these imiiien-<e est 
isof c'Uirs'- 111 proportion to the eiiterpri-^es ihemsehes. TIi 
fnr iiiHtam'^'. eniph>y, in rountl nnmhei's. I.nno men, ijrio 
)iiO yokr of o\rn tlurinu tli" winter season, ainl h'lll' tlia 
each ot the alio\. iluilU-^ the summer, h. si.h-s iIiom- » 
fri'ighlm^ the iumhfr '! Ih-v *'ariy on It farms i>n llu-ir \a 
fiunprisiiitf l.'»0(» aerrs of eultivatt'tl html. Ihe pr mIucc of v 
Hiinietl liv their e Ml phi UM's : in juhlilion lo whieh they pun-h 
4(»,iilln I'mshtls oats, finu tons |ia\ , l,.".i'<t harrels "p-uk. a 

tloiir. l.*-si.ii'S immeiisiMpianhtits nf rlothne^. I ts, allocs. I 

lihmkets. miptemeiils. Ac.. Ac, aii<l llnir vt-arlv pav roll 
Ini^h iis)<;tMi,(KHi. 

The Hamilton Mn>thers enijiloy .'tnit nn'ii ami hoyi 
luirii alone tliiriiiLi the simiiner, ami ihe amount of a;;ri(: 
tlueeatniiially consinm-'l Ky them e\eec.|s :(.unn loii,-.. 

Hut the largest IniKines.s in the mimifaeture of fnruKt 



CARLETON.— Continued. 



XXVll. 



iEORET SOCIETIES' tlii» t'lmliiii'iit i» thxt uf Iv I!. K.l.ly. \\h iiii ■«! IIh> iiMuiiifai'- 

luro of iiiiitrlit's ill Mull in \^^>-i, frnni uliirli i-.'Hi)iaiMlivcl\ small liu- 

Tlic I'. \). li. M, fi.i- iliii (,)tti!«ii Di^lrii't in U. Kiiiiiiiii,' ho liiis, with nn niei-i^y inruliiii- tn liinit'i'lf, huill up n tnulc 

I' finii <'f lilvtii A Ki'iT. Iiiii-ilwari' iiii'ivlmiit.i. "f Ki'-'i'inii^ l"'|iiiorlinii«, wlmsi' |ii'"i|iirtii.ii- cnnvi rlcil fmiii llir liiiilu'r 

if li. A- S. Mason-, uiii' U. A. Cliaiitt-r, ami sivni "f liis mnv fii.innc.us rsiati's iiii..i'\i'i'v .li'scrii.li.m ..f nsi'lnl arii.li. 

;y. 'I'lii'y aiv naiiii'.l ri'spwlivi'ly, '■'■■/'i/ici'i ' "i/n- int.. tin. iiiin|i..sili.iii ..f nliicli w.i...l ciiIims !i:i\i' l.i'ii.im' ii.il "illy ii 

7M/.(.r. .V... I(i: /(iW.oiisi. I,i,.l'il, .Y... .i.'; Ili'i-n- fai-li.i- in tin. .i..n.i'^li.' .'c. y, ami in.lii-'.l tin- .•xisifUfc, ..f n laryc 

s'.ri-;. ./,..././., .V... IIS; /,'«i7./.«' /."././., .V.i. 177 ; aii.l ll.iui-isliin;,' rity, l.iil ..f vast uiilily I.. Ihi' p.M.pIo nf an .-n- 
, -J:!! ; t'lfiiiiliii-' /.".'.(., .V". •-'Ill : ami /Viii.v ../' tiiv wntiiii'iit. K.l.ly'.s mill- an. I piliin^-yn.un.ls o.vir a lai'Kr 
I'll Diavmln'i- liidi, IS7S. an.l m.t yi-t mimlii'iv.l) liact nl' land lui llic N'.u-lli sln.iv ..f iIil' Oilawa at llio l'lia>i.lii'-ii-, ami 

I'Sli'iil fl.iiii all.. VI' till' Kails I.. (Ii.' l-hin.l i.].p..-ili' tin' I'alliainclil 

I- /)'...ir./ ../' /.'.//.7' c..mp..si'il ..f a W. .M. .11- 1", M. Uiiil. lilies. Tlu'V i sist ..f ..in' lai':,'.' |iail lai'lmy, l.iiill »..li.lly ..f 

.si. .Ill' ; a mati'li facti.iy, al.s.. ..f si. in.' ; f..ur saw -nulls ..f i;i'L'at cxloiit. 
I.' Miiliiiil ll'ioiil .lstiiri„li<i,i, I'slalilishcil l>i'ct'iii- luiilt |iiiiu'ipally ..f w..i.il ; ami imim'i'..iis ..iIiit Iniililiii'.'-, ullici's, iVc. 
iic..rp..i'ati'tl March :itith, 1^74, i- U'pi'cst.ntt'.l l.y iVc. in't'i-ssary t.. such extensive .>pi'i'ati..iis inclu.liii'.^ .i very lariie 
Seerelary ..f /fi. //.'/■■.'//".'.(. . nasli. .|ii..r ami l.liinl I'acl.iry, li'le'^'i'apli ..lliee ami '^'.ii.ral .-t.'l'e. In 

ii'i.i;. \Ni. Hi.v.K. Sir K! T. Kenny, c.f Ottawa, I ii.l.liti..ii t.. the mills, .\lr. K.l.ly has l.mlt a .h. ill. I.' track railway .if 

le (ir. lik. l'lia|.tcr ..f H. A., ami II. II. if 111'. } "Ver a mile in len;,'lli, r Iiil; li'..m his mill- i.. tin' fin ilier extremity 

ill Ka»t. iif the U.iyal I'.lack Ixninhts ..f Irelaml. ■ i.f his piliiii,'-<.'i'i.iimls, thus enal.liUL' him I., ili.stril.iiti' ami pile the 
'ifth r :'/ I'll, itr,r, a /.'.../.i/ /.'/.i-7, /';■. .■./.(. .ri(, ami a em>riii.iiis aim.iiiit i.l liiinlier pnnluceil expe.liti..usly. 'I'liese milks 
in this t'ity. In the IIuan.j. there is the Coinihi iiiaiinfa.luie aiinnally lielvM'.'ii [..riy .'iml f.iriy-live milli..ii fe.l ..f pin.' 
(■!■ I .V... 4),' live private l,...l','es (.V..S. 17, 111'. I'-'ll. Iiimli.'r, ..f which tlicicaic .ilw.iys fnnic ei_-lil t.. 1. n milln.n l.'.l .mi the 
/.'..;w/ S.;iihl I 'I:. i I.l',-. The 'h.in'i. li..!.../ I'„il„i.< piliii^;>r..iimis. 'I'licy il.s.. mannf.ict lire aiinnally i;illl,IHIii |.alls, ."iii,lilin 
' ami live private l,i..li;es here, th.' 7'.'". /i/.i... t wu ivash-liil.s, 7."i,iKWI /ilic-civcrcl wash-liininls, anil L'7ri,lHKI i;r.iss ,.t 
/i..' />'../..! line. j lucifi'r. Iiesiiles all iumiense ijilaiitil,v "f lath, sash, iI.h.I'm, ami 

Thereare tw.. I...ili;i'.s in the I'ity, ..li.- ..f tin- l.limls. The saw-mills are titlc.l willi uaii;; an. I circular saw.s, ..fall 
viz.; ''.i,c7.i/ /...././., 1. II. (I. K.. N... 141 ; ami ' kiml- ami sizes, ami the wln.le e-l.ililishniclil uivcs empliivmeiit 1.. 

Ol'.icr. viz. ; Mlr'u«:Ul.in l.n.l.i,. i'. 1 1. ( I. I-'., X,,. j fi I,7iiii I.. I.HIKI purs..iis ni.iiiy ..f wh..m al.' -iris ciiipl..yc.l in 

iii.ikiiimiiatches. In a.l.liti.in I., these t here arc I.ei ween 4iii) ami ."iim 
llan.ls elnpliiye.l ill ill" H.....ls where .Mr. K.l.ly i.wiis "limit-" a 
tract ..f Ian. I i.f ali.inl 'idn si|ii,'ii'e miles in extent tli.' -rc.ilcr part ..f 
which is fi. rest, til. 'U','ll there ari' als.. s..nie cultivate. I lamis, anil a 
Hl'i.wiln; Vilkce callc.l k'url I'M.ly. 'I'lie pnwer i'iii|ili.ye.| I., ilrive the 
mills is .lerivcl fi'i.ni the nnliuiilcil .supply ..f the I'hamlii'ie, as.ii»ic.l 
liy the 111. .si a|ipr.i\eil iiiecliaiiic.il agencies nf tii...lerii iiix'entiun, an.l 
isi'ipial to (iim li..i'se-p'.wi'r. 

'i'lie match I'aciiiry, the iiinst extensive of the kiml in i'aiiaila,»c..n- 
sistsiil'a raiii,'!' ..f liuililinys ciitaininy Iwu niacliiiig-i'iiiuns, twi. ilip- 
pim;-r.i.iiiis, tw.. lari^e packitii,'-i'.iiiinM, a warehiinse ami shippiii^'- 
nllice. Iicsiiles eiii^ilie-li..ilse ami ill'yiiij;-ri.iiiiis. The niatclii's. cmi- 
i'i'riiili!< the pr..cess ..f wli.ise liianufactlire few have a know Icik^'e, are 
here turneil .ult with li^'htnini; rapi.lily ami in incniicivalil.' .|iialilil\ 
the 111. 'til. ..1 ..f their pi'.i.liicli.ill living' a liii-st im,'tMii..lls one. ami 
l.eiin^ I'trcctc.l t'litii'i'ly l.y ni.'icliiiiery, which now-a-ilays p. -it. inns its 
pari so extcii-ively in every sla'^e lit uiechaliicil lali.ir. It is the w.iii- 
ih'i' I.f many who use these now necessary ailiiies how- they can lie 
fiirnishc.l s.. i'lii-.i)ily : liiit f lie exjilaiijilioli is easy, when the itr..ci'ss 
of maniitacliir.' (w liich we w ill attempt hrietly to .lescrilie is once seen. 
Tw.. laru'.' st.iiie l.iiililiiit,'s are ile\ote.l t.ithis imlnsti'y, oeiin,' on 
opposite siiics of the street, leailili!,' to the rnion .'■^ilsiiellslon l!r|.li;e 
- -Iiut connecle.l l.y .-in overhea.l covereil i.assa>.;i' ami traiiiwa>', which 
rc'liiccs tlieiii practieall\' l.. I. lit .inc. In ..iie p.irt of the Iact..i'y is a 
p..werfiil iiiachinc f..r ]ii'epai'iin; the wooil from theorii^inal lo^^s, which 
ar.' taken one l.y ..iie, .'in. I cut liy circular saws in lioar.lsi.f the proper 
thickness of " iiiaich lilo.'ks " after which, I., ensure accnr.'i.'y . tli.'y 
arc run through J. I.'iners. They are then run tlir.i'.ii^h a set of circu- 
t'liamiicie .Mills, an.l the courses ihroiu'h which i lai'.s, from wlii. h they eliier^'c in" lualcli hlocks." Tlie-e, l.eiii;,' niate.l 
iili.lerth."!,'iin.'s" l..'.'.'tli.'r with till .|ilalitilii-s : in pairs, are pa.-se.l tlil'oin.'li the " lele_'i'a].|i inalcll inaeliiiic," wlinli 
elve yt.-irs. .iml .-i .lescnpfioli of the l.o..iii'*. slnlcs, : ill many respicts lesi-mMcs an or.lniary *' planer '" the Mocks I.eiii^' 
ttawa. hive I.eeii i^iveli iin.ler tli.- :,'.'iiei'al liiiiiil of j f..r.'.''l. in sue. cssion, llir.iic'li a seri.'S ..f sleel in. .ill. Is, lirinly titte.l t.. 
c<crilii'the iiiiiiy mills. if lie- liiinlicr-kuii;s of the . iioii In. Is, fr.iiii which they project sliuhtly at the .same time exactly 
e al the I'apitai, woiihl re.|iiii'e a voliini.'. We j eoi're.spomlino in -izc with the tlii.'kness of the hhicks. The inoul.ls 
liy .l.'scnliini; luit mie. as a fair sviiiple of all the I are very clo-eiy pert. .rale. I liy small le.l.'s of the size of a liiaich -each 
nil a well-veise.l wiiicr ill t In- w ..ik I'tit ith.il 77" , h.ile alieinitiiu' with a \ cry small chisel : wlhii, the niacliiiie li.'iiii< 

ill.iir,! : ".Messrs. Ill sons A W. sl.iii eslal.lishe.l I slart.'.l. ami 111.' l.lo.ks licili^' for. .-.I ilel-wise a-aili-t lllese niolll.ls, 

l-'i:l, ami well' llle lirsl t.. like up laid al the j are pushe.l ihcULih liy e.icll succ.'e.lill;^ I.l. .ck, ami eim'rL.a' ill the shape 
urp..se of ereciiiii; a saw-mill on .i lai'i^c scale. of niatclie- resiiiiLjclosely j.acki'.l in a sort of " r.'ick," which, when 
il'rict.irs of tw.i larjie saw-mills, ami own a hir;<i' I full. Is replace.l liy another, ami reinove.l toi|ie".li|.piiii;-r...ini." II. c 
s piliiii;-'_'i..umi 'he whole pcmisi's exlemlini,' ' the eii.ls are .lippe.l. a rack full .'it a lime, into a vessel of lioiiini,' 
llri'l:;.' lo th.' point of llie l-laml. They l;. 'I out siilphur. ami stili-e.pieiilly inlo .i prcp.ir,it;..ii ol pli.isphonis ; alter 
mil lo^s, pro.luciii'^' lietweeii :tlP ami 411 niillioii fcl wlii. h lliey ar.' .Irie.l, shaken ..ul upon lieiiches, ami han.l-packe.l in 
Iroiii live to tell millluli are aiway- kept on liaml. ' the little p.'iper Imxes. I'lom t weiity-li\'e to thirty oirls are collslalilly 
iiM two stiick-',:.'im,'- ..f .'11' lo III saws. •_' slalilier- i eiiL,'.'e,;eil ill packiiio. ami they aci[iiii'e sm-h ilexterily in their liu-iness 
V.inkei' 1,'ates, :Jl* -aws, I siiiu'le saw, ami the ' that each averages frmii tw.'Ue t.. tifleen l.oxes pi-r miniite, cio-elv 
I eilu'iii'^ saws. Till' siii.iller Hull contains 1 slaliher ; tille.l ami covereil. They are 'lien re.i.ly for packinix in tin- l.u'u'e 

I e.i'.'ill^' saws rile latl U I .illlains two lath- 1 l.oXes. These are so expe.li' i..ils|\ iiia.le, that llie whole pre- 

h ; lillttlle.' apparatus alel picket-saw ; ami a I cesH from hallliliL; the saw-l.i'.; ml.. III.' mill till il ..i..es 'o 
IS ; ami pr.i.liie.'s I" million- of laths. The lirni •' the packinx-room in the shap.' of ipi:trier-jr..-s Imxes, occiiiiies 
ths 111 the yell, ill shippimx the pr.i.ln. 'lions ..f l.nt a few miiiiites. The Iol; li.'in..^ inn ilir..uL.'h a rc^'iilar 
with .'i men each, ami I steam. is with'.' nun " 'j.'iiii.'," the lioanls are then put iIii'..iil:Ii a '' heiicli-.,'am.' " 
kiiml to pay the weekly wai;e- ..f this eslalilish of circulars ami " (.'I'oover- ■ ci.iiiliiiieij ; ami Ihe r.ipi.lily with 

which they ciil ami ,i;r.iiive is siin|ily aslonishin.,' while they are 
le aliove. HiMwins .Mills proilm I' -H millions; siilisi'nii. nlly lilte.l I.i each o'lier with e.pial sped ; ami fi'oiii 1',. 'till' 

.lls;l'i'rl.'y.V l';ittee's. Mills, 411 lllllli. ills ; Vi.lllli,''s, |.i l,llllil I'oxes ar.' tuni.il out . I lily. The lilial liackillu' .111.1 lalicUlllo 

linliiiit'li .\iills, :i illioiis ; lf...li.'slei''.-. :i."i mil- of tliese lai'^."' Iiox.'s is 111. '11 iheiinlv I'eimiiniie,' put of tli.' pi'..ccss to 

I. I'l millions; llalxiii i\ I 'iirnei s ( Hull .;nel\ yet them re;iilv for shipmeiif. These various inoccsses are comluc'cl m 
; .'ske;i.rs (Nepeali , I" liiillions ; liillnoin's Slealii ilill'er ■..' iilllhlilius, or ilill'erelil p.'irls ..f the same luillilillj^' ; yet all 
•.nil. 11 A- I'l.M (llulll. ."ill millions; i;iim..uis arninueineiil- ar.' ^.. evd'ciliii'^'ly coiii|ili'lii lliat not the iiliahte-l in- 
ns; M.'I'lieino*. l.e.M..ylli' A I'l... ami .l.inii's Me c..livelliem e •. delay is cxperieliceil from the v.ili.nis chaie.'.-, 
e I'll la.'vri'i l.'i miHi..iis ; Haiiiill..ii llrotlicrs. The pail fai'i..iy is a larLre stone l.inl.lim,' ..f ilirc.' s'..re\s, near lie 
illioiis. or a t.ilal of .'iiiii niillioiis ..f sawn liiinlier luaili saw-mill, where pails are maiinf.icturi'.l at llle rat.' of 'J,iiltll, ami' 

.111111',' I 'ttawa. for the peiio.l exteniliini froiii (say) w.'isli-tutis from l.'iO t.. 17-'i p.-r .liein .very part lieiie^ pcrforineil 

liy most iiiL'eiiiiiiis .'iml lieaiilifiil machinery. In ..ne room the slaves 

c'l 111 carryiin^ on these iniinen s'alilishmeiits are sawe.l in another (he Ii..(t. mi- are sliiipe.l in am.iher the liamllcs 

tl.-il I.. 'he cnti'lprises tlieiiisel\i's. 'I'lie f illniollLs. al'etilllleil ill ale.' her t he hoops ami liiiles are liliislie.l in .im.lher 

. ill r..iiii.l 1 iliiis. l.iiill' nun. L'.'iH teams, ami the various parts are joineil tn.^etlier ami in an. .1 her they are planeil 

iriiiL,' the winter season, an.l halt that niiiiil.er of ami linislie.l. They are then taken lotlie painli.i.iin. wliei.' thev are 

liiriii'4 the sunim.'l', hi snles those .'iiipl..yc.l in paililcl ami iriaiiie.l hy iiiailiimri , cmislim; ..t a series of paleiit 

r They i'ari> on tl farms ..ii llieir van. .us I'liiits, lielia ml. her lollers Ihi'.iui^'h which tlie\ pass, alter which thev j<o to 

es of ciiltiv.ili "I laml. Ihe pr iiliice of which is con the linishiiio-rooin lo he liiie.l wilh liamll.s wheiice tlie\ ale linallv 

ees ; in aililil loll lo villieli they piii'i'liase aiinnally taken t.i the pack ill'.;- room ami maile re.i.ly f..i' shipinenl. 

1111(1 'mis hay. l.'io" liairels p..ik. ii.iiiiil liurels Tlie saw -mills, which .ire four in niiiiiliei, contain e\ cry ilisciiption 

.ei|ilalilltii'Siif I lothllm.l Is. sli.ies. leas, lolia. f ;.'al|.,'s ami .ic'ilkils, iiiiml..'riiio, in all, '_' 111 saws exi illsin' ..f e.lt; 

s, Ac. Ac, ami their yearly pay rolls f....t upas im.'. I.il'till'4, ami lath saws. Th.'ir c.'i|.ai'ily is over lilKl.mill loirs. 

ami their avei'a«e pio.lu. I l.elween lortyaml f..rty-livi. iiiilli..iis .,f 

li'olhers employ .'i"" men ami h.iys at ll-iwks- liiinlier. 

II' siiinnier, ami the amount of a;;ririiltiir;il ino- The liislory ..f the .lei elopmeiit of lli.' Inml.er I la.h' ..f the I "lawa, 

II. '.I l.y I hem excels il.lliiil Ion.,. from ll- llii'e(ilioli lo n- pies.'Ht a. I van.'. '.I slat.'. . ..v.'i'ssiii'li ;i va-l space 

II. ss 111 llle III iiiiifactiire of foi'DHi |iriiili'cts*iiii as to he her.' impraclicalile of in-ertion ;liiil in this coiimclion weniiKht 



.VlU'iellt f tr.ler IS l'e[.r.'Sellte.l hy /'i.ol'.c t'.oo/, 

3 TEMPERANCE CAUSE 

L' see a nnniliei' of oruanizatiniis of iliU'ereiit limlius 
ml ill view the I'eiluinptiiiii of our eomitry from 
I "' 

live three Hoiirishiiii.' Temples, viz.; I'iliinf "I- 
4i';t; Kiil.riiri^r T/.i;./., anil Kllioll VVm;.^, 
:. T,'s are .M. M. I'yke, 11. lloril.in, ami W. .1. 

ii'KK.ANi'K also tloiirisli - there lieiiii; likewise three 
Iv ill ^'...|.1 comlitiiiii -/('(/""'/i /(m'/.-'i'.oi. -Vh. :!'_>4. 

t>. ; C/i.ii,,/;,',, IhrUi,,,: Will. Stewart. \\'. p.) ; 

\Vm. Hopkins. W. IM. 

oi.ir TKMi'Kit.vNri; SiHiKrv, foniiilcil in IHl.'i, is 

1 as to iiuniliei's ami zeal of memliers is in a most 

The Kev. V. Millov is I'lesi'leiil, .an.l 1'. 11. 



[JFACTURING INTERESTS 

' of the term, I'lt.iwa is not a niannfactiirilii; I'ity. 
liiits, an.l in its inline. h.-ite pi'..xiiiiily, iiiainitactur- 
ilct IS c.irru'.l .111 to .1 u'l'eal.r exieiil lliaii in any 
.'.'ilily in th.' w.irM. The maniu'r of pr.iciirin 



Pif 



fife 



XXVlll. 



HISTORICAL sKr:r 



infiitinn a few of tlii' diief tiprrulnrs, witli their iip|ir'>xiniatt' nrilci >>( 
MUcccAHion. *>!' L'MiirHi.', the very lii-st to <1h anythin.; a| lu-oai'liiiiy tn a 
" liiiiilirr li':>il<'," iKit mill in iIim L.t-ulily, Imt in tin- ulioli' (Itlana 
Valli-y, "a- I'iiilriMiMi \Vii^;hi, irf Hull partiriilar- nf whu^i' larly 
'Ji'tilfiiU'Mt I'f wlii< li j:lai'i- may III- mci'M in llic rult;i'i-ncr to that I'ily. 
Hiiviiin »i'lll<i| in I^IIO, anil ■.piMit mur !?'-''),IK»i in ini| luvt'nii'UtK ii|i 
(•) IHIHI, ln' "ih'Mi^ht iri'iipiT 111 poll anil niaki' up liin aiumiiits," 
id ili-'L' hin invii woiiU hut wl* will let lilni Ii'll the sli.i-y Innisflf as til 
lliiw hiMMlni' III lii'ilfawn into ihr tiniliif liailr. Ili'saya: "As I hail 
itiiw lic'(>n Hi>. vc.ir-i ill Hull, anil i-xpi-nili'il all my lapital, it was luini 
fnr nu' to liink ali'ini fni- an rxpui't ni;irkft tiii-nvcr my impnrts not a 
Ktirk of timlii-i- havini^ \ ct lirrn si-nl dnwii tlu> ( tttawa to the (^itn'lii'r 
.Maiki-I, on aiLoiniP nt thti lian'^'iTous lapiiU. Mowcmt, 1 rom-hhlfil to 
oot Hotnc ci'aily, ami ti'y it : aijil ai-roiilim/ly I set out to ixamini' 
Ihi.' I'ajiiiU ipiili'ilovtii tothi' Ish' otMonti'cal. Tlii' inhaliitalits, wIiohi- 
ani-r^lois lia-l liccn sottlnl thiTi- luMily Jtm yi*ars. toht nu* it wan not 
p.visililr III oi'i linilH'ilo i,i\iilii'i- In I'lir roi'iti' north of thi' Ulr of 
Monlrt-al that sin-li a thiiu' ni'\Ti' hail tuM-n iloin'. ami m-vci- mnlil he 
ilom.' ; hut I ansHi'i'c'il thai IM nuMT hilii'vi' it till I tinal it ami pre I 
]iaril|o soimt r.it'ts foi- spiiii',', I ramrfrom llitll.ilowii my nuwly-ilmi'o\ - 
I'l-i'il I hanni'l. to thu ijurlii-i' -Market * » »" After muih 

troiihle anil expanse eailseil hy tienii; a stranger to navigating tin- 
llapiiU. aiel Iiiwiig no one with nu.' aeipiainleil with tlieehannel, we 
arriveil in (^)iuhee with the lii*sl tinilier from the Towmihip of Mull 
that ever entereif that market. * «■ * Dnrim,' the summer 
\ru were oIiUl; -il to tanploy a large iiumhei- of men, one ipiurter of 
whom were snliiiniil to earry mi llie laisiness of the farm iluritej the 
winter; auil in oriler to tiiel eniployment for those aihlitioiial or 
Hiirphis men, 1 eommeneeil tlii.> lumlier luisinesK ilrawing ami pro 
euriie,; tiniher t<>r my nulls, ami saw ing them into p'anks ami Imarils ; | 
for h el I not ■_,'iveii eniployneui to tln.'se nun iluring the wmter, it 

^Vllulll ha\e i ii inipossihle for me to olitain men in ttie syrinu', when j 

1 most waule.lthem as the ilislanee frmn the settlements was so 1 
groat." j 

riie oiliest liltawa lumlM>rm;in Mow living is , lames \\ ailswoith, of 
Hull, horn HI t'ouniy .Mmi.agh.aii, ll'el.aml. in IHILt, who eame t<> ' 
.\mi liea III Is-.'l. serveil in tlii' employ of .Mr. .Mael tonal, 1, of l.'l lrii;ual. 
a luml-eriiian, aiel .M.l*. t'or I'reseott, ;is ihrk went to tin- lieail ot the 
t.'aliimet m \^--, fur the s.ame party, ami was the tirst to get mi^ tim- 
her ,ahove that Islaml, or rnti it Ihroiiah those rapiil.s. .\t the ahove 

(late there was hut one -itllemenl mi the North shore, hetwi.'ii thi' ; 
LoiiL' >^ault aiiil Hull, \i/., r.apineauviUe, where there was a niee 
t'huieli aiii! a loimiierof houses. On the .*soiitli .shore, Mr. Hamilton 
liiiil hiiill his milks I'll till' Islanils ami .Mr. .Meyer:, lunl Imilt a grist- j 
mill on the mum laiiil, anil l,'<ir)gnal was alre.aily ipiite a little Vil- | 
la'.'e -hill these werethi' only si'ttleiiii'iits till the few prilnilive liahi I 
tations of •• Nepeaii Point" wi'ie reaelieil which, hy the wa\, waH j 
then at the foot of the I 'hallilii're, ami known liy the iliial liame of I 
Nepeaii I'mnt ami liielimomi Lamling. 'I'he prusuiit '■ Xepean Point " 
.'ijipears to have reeeivetl it.s uaiiii' after the arrival of L'ol. Uy anil his 
Kiigiiiei'rs. 

Thou^jh the liimhi'r traile of the < itl.twa at that ilale was iiisig- 
iiilii'aiil e.iiiipareil to its present prii|iortimis, yet c|iiito a nuiiiher were 
alre.ely eii;;.'i,'eil ill it. 'I'liose who operatej at ami ahm,' Hull in- 
elu.leil 'Siipure W'riuht, the .Mo.'ies (,Iiili. llaM'l. ami .Martin), Ilie Me- 
fminells i^Wm. ami 'lames), ilie .M.-ieilmialils, limh \ Kurivll, Hitnl 
.V iSparks, Peter Aylen, H. .M, I-'nlfonl, .iml M.ssrs Movers. A Harris 
\t a eoiisiileral'ly later il.ite e.iim IViee .V Mel Jill, Wells .V .Mei'rea. 

I'll as P.. IImIo, 'liiseph .Viinioml, .MeKinm.n ,\ Aiioionil, Wni. .\lae 

key. li.il.iil Skeail. ll'iii. 'lames Skea.l, .l.inies .Mel.aien, llmi, |). ; 
Mel.aie.;lilin, .ami Hon. ,lolili llgan. The l.itli-r pllrehaseil, in I"-.'!.'!, 
the limits of .Mr. Wailsworth, at Kairlielil, where .Mr. W. hail hiiilt a 1 
mill ami fmimleil a village, wliieli the new |iroprietor naliieil after liini- 
s-'lf, ami It is to lliis ilay known as Kganvilh- 

The iiiiiie-iisc t.,ituiies iiiaile ill lumlier w.iul'l .louml to the ears of ( 
the iiiilnilia I'll asl my lale.s. The rielles of the last four almve liameil 
-'Skeail, .Mehareii, .^lel,;lllghlill, ami Kgaii -once appi-oaehed fiiliiilous 
ilinietlsimi.s, ami were the Womler of all t'aiiaila ; yet ev'ery one of j 
them uro>e from the most huinlili' liegiiiiiini;s, anil originally swung 
an .ixe or haielleil an ox-goail for monthly pay in the lumlier laiiipsot : 
the I pperi in.iwa. 

Hut the greatest invasion of the Ottawa limits oeciirreil ahout the 
tiiiitj Ottawa lii-'eaine a t'lty, ami was hy .Viuerieaiis, most of whom ; 

lire now a ng ihV lumlier kiiegs of the Valley, .uel all iloing luisiness j 

ill this City or Hull. .\le-sis. Ihoiisoii A U i-stmi Imili the tirst I 
uxtelisive milt at the I'liauiliere, in ]H.'i:t. .\. II. Itililwin ei'liiliieiieeil I 
Imsiness here the same year, ami also ,). M. i iirner, .M.P, who Inul i 
bet-'ii pieMoiisly engageil with L. ( '. Iligelow, of llmkinghatii, ami | 
.MeKiivA Mi'Kiiiiioii, of New Kilinluin'li , ('apt. Levi ^ ouiig eaiiie in i 
1H.-4;'K. II. K.hly also in I'S.M; IVrhv, P.illee ,V Puown, in I.S.-.7, ' 

ami ,1.1,. liooih III I.S.-1.S. Mr. Ilahlwin «as the tirst wl ver slii|ipeil | 

lumlier imlie \merieaii ma -kut from the Ottawa, iiml, in i 'miipaiiy 
w nil .Messrs. ll.trri^ ,\ Itions.in, the tirst who o\er hrmight logs frmii 

the lles,liia.hlliis. j 

111 thiseoiiiiei iioii it wmlil he appropriate to refer to the origin of the I 
timlier-iliies imw eollecteil hy Ontario, t>hieliec, ami New Itruiiswick, 
ami toriniiig ^'if-li a vast i-i venue for the t oivernments of those Pro- 
viiiees. In ih'' ■•.ii!\ ilay of the lumlier tiaile everv om. went where 

he el , anil lo.ik whir suite.l him liesl. flilef .MeNali. who lirmight | 

nut a liuniliel of his lllghlallil I'l.lll ami .setlleil 111 the Tiiwiislllp hear- 
ing his name, look it into his lieail to prevent the liiinlierim'n euttim,' . 
timlier tlu'ii', on the urmiml ilmi he hail a gr.inl of the Township fr..iii 
the lliiveriimenl, wliuli w.is p.irlly true. .\s the locality proilueeil 
very line liml'ir. ami " Tin- .MeNali" wa.s hacked liy many clansmen, ! 
the liimhermcn viehleil ; ami tin' Chief having repiirteil his success to 
some friemls in piihlie lif,'. ilic .sclieliie was ilisciisseil, ami liiially irieil 
hy ill" il'ivernmenl, of collecting a tax c.illeil " limher ilms, " w Inch 
nystelii liiis sin,i. ^'rown to its priseiii ,'minmius extent. 

.\siile Ilom Ihi- proiluets of iln' forest, the mauulaetiiring inteiisi.s 
of the I-'. ipit.il arc scarce such n.H woiilil hu tlmiighi worth nieiiliiining ; 
in ii iiianiifailuring city -, though there are a few imliislncs which 
hiivu ilcvulopeil a healthy vilality of late, ami otiiera hid fai- to attain 
II niiigniliiile of .'(onie iiupoTtance at iioilistant day. I ii the hrewiiur, 
carriage, calunet, I'mindry. niarhle, s,adilh'ry ami trunk, sash- 
dour-ami hliiul, ami tanniie.' im .messes, tin; hoiiiu proiluce Niipplie^ 
the home i'iin^uiu|itimi, and in s. lu'of ilio ahnvu lines Ottawa iiiaiin- 
ftictiirt'.s Iiml their way to ofliei I, ..Its. 

T, \V. t'uriier iV I'o. tiave iiioueiise )ihiiiiiig mills and riiinuure ' 
factories .,1 III.' Canal I'.asin, and their manufaetllruiiconipat'c luvor,ihly 
illi|Uahly ami price with Ihoseof Western (.'itics. j 



T. M. .'smiierville A Co. are among the m 
iiiiirhles and all classen of huihling niati li.il. 
ipiarrics at .\riiprior. 

There is at hast one linn of harness 
poll trade, vi/.,tlie lii.rliriilite l(ros.,w lioiari \ 
in that line, and have esi.ilih.,heil a ri'ptii.i 

secilnng meilals for Iheil exhlliils at the lei 

and at the Paris Kxpi'siii.ui of 1K7,S. Tin,, 
Shore \ Co., also inanu!. let lire hat her 1 1 links 
as any we have ever seen Tie y e\|iiiil iiiino 
leather tr.ide a eoiisid.-r.ililc export litisiiicss i 

The sale area of the lirewery ploiluct.s (i. 
iHColilined to this scelioli of the Ollawa \'al 
liroprietors (.las. llocln'stcr is .-ilso an e\t. 
mall liiids its way ililo most of the lii-eweiies 
of llnlario ami ijileliec. 

The iron lillslliess is well lepre'ellleil,aliil l 

estiihlishineiits in eoiineilion with this iielo 
extensive are Iho.se of lllalsdell .V Co., .\. IT,. 
.Miparkine P.ios., Palersmi .V l.aw, and the p. 
aUo has extensive machilii' sliop^, and likewi-. 
the only one 111 the City . 

Ill I'lie I t .Hid shoe Ir.iile a start has I. 

toward re'lili'illg the large iniports Iccelveil 
and Toronto, li\ esialilisliing theinaniifaciiiri 
and .Shoe Co. w.is tormeil some yi^irs since, . 
Herts g,ive promise ot a liememl'iiis ih'vi 
depression, however, has all'citeil this Cnmpair 
is hoped only lempmanly. .Vol .so, however 
the same trade, vvhicii liaslieeiislai'l*'il .M/i'i tin 
and h.is coiiliiiiieil sti-ailily to develop till it 
the ioc.ll markels, ;iml rVell shut out the mai 

and *,iiieiiec from their favorite territory \\ 
and shoe-pack maiiiifacture, carried on hy 
St., vvliere he also keeps a line retail .store. .M 
lietter artich' at clH-aJier prices (so his cllstoin 
treal people, hy earryiii:i "li every hraiieh ot tie 
raw hides to the lilllsheil neieeasltl. He keep- 

con.slantly eiiiployed making iiiiiccasiii.s aloti 
ntcadily growing already supplies most of 

of the I Ittawa, and iias evei iiiieiiceil I" ,'\i 

of that class of m.iniil.icl lire. .Monlrcal ami l,lii 
There are two very extensive .iiid coinpleii 
Chaiidiere, licliiiiging in Hronsmi A Co., and T 
latter also operates oatmeall mills, iloing a vi 
line. U'e were told hy one in.-urancc agent thai 

ies larlying risk.s iif''-<:)0,iiiiii i ihlv tliriiii..;li 

meal coutinilally mi rout, fimn McKay iV Co. 
markets. 

TRADE, COMMERCE AND F 

Tlie>every impei-iant -ir.jicis are s.i inii 
iiiamifaeiure.- th.it a person scarce kin-ws when 
and refer !" the otlu r. l-eing so much the s.aiin 
at leasl Is exactly I'oincideiil with the iiianul 

eXIelll to which the illl)iort ir.ldi III. IV he slllll III 

III meeting the dciieiiiils ,if home i-'iiisumpiioii 
.\s In the prescni v.islm'-.sof tin- i oiiiinerci.i 
l"lcrahly erred ide.i m.iv he i^le.ilied hy a 
sketches of Kailways aii<l Waterways, and Ihti 
maniifai'lures, to snpplemeiii which, amltoiirri 
at the facts, wilhoiil the iiilirlaiding of disciir.- 
of no heller li'lta than .such as III. iv lie o|,.;ine<l 
.Vilri;in'ei/' /ii ("r/i.s, taken 111 I'onnei'tiiili witii i 
otiicial census ; any thin..' I iiei or outside of i 
great extent, colijeetuial. from these l'>fiit-ii.< 
eollecteil at the Port of Oll.iw.i for 111" eight v 
I'Srs, Were as follows. l.-si'iU 711, . ■".!-, Dl'L'.'.m'; 
1-71-7:!, .SlIki,: ii;k'">J ; I -7- 7:1, .■^'•Jiiil.llPtol ; 
I.'s74-7,"i, ,S-."«ii.'l:-'7.71 . Is7,'i-7ii, «iL'lii,7,"il.47 ; 
and IS77.7S. >i|'.i7,-:i:i..'i'"< for 1 'nstoins uloiie, wl 
incliuleil, aiiiollnled to witliiii a veiy small fi.ict 
The latest year for wlii'ii we have puhlislu'il 
paralive st.iteiiiciits is that eliding ;iii||i 'luii,.. I 
tln-rc Were ;i eitie.s in Ontario, J in (,,iuehec, 1 ii 
Nova Scotia, 1 ill Prince Kdwaid Island, and 
wlio>i- ri'tiiriis cxcec'le.l t hose of Ottawa. The 
then amounls : .Mm'tre.il, !*:',. ^7-,, "1117. '-'i< ; T 
Halifax. .S 1.1 1 l.'l, I lii.ti:i:Si. ,lii|iii,.-<st;ii. I |."i. U;l 
l|iuelii'c, .Siilti.M.lS.ilS ; \ictoii.i, I;, C.. 1^1117, ."e 
,V,IS.S.-i ; and Cliarlollei'.wn. P. K. I., ,S:;l t..'.7 
follows ver.v .lo.sely with '"1:17.11 l.''i7;.inil Willi! 
Chftmi and I'lraiiil'ir.l wvi'- ihe only other phu 
eiUcclcd came up to'Slmi.ii m, the foiiuer retii 
the latter, SlL''"i,li.lo.lU.'. Ihuin.; the ^aiiie year 
licvcinie" 1.1., the amoinils It cost thelloVel 
aliiive sums at the respective P'lrts, were asfolli 
:is;i,i;ii ; T'ormii", 'S.'i:i.l7:'.:in ; Halifax, ifM.S, 

7:itl.-jn; Hanilllmi, '"L'H.nlo. Ii; ^ l.luelicc, .- 

.sj.l.ii'.n. 1:; ; I, in.liin, .-i|ii.:ii;i.J7 ; I'li.iil'iitct.nvii 

.-•Ill,ri-Jll..'ill ; Kilmsli'li. .SPi.llrt. Ill ; Wliiiiipe;;, 

S1I,|:;l'.'.II ; lliantforil. ■SL',.sii''i.,sii. The 'imoiiin, 
diiring the rtunie period at the ahove I'm 
Sll,il'.'7.'"i'"i ; Tori.iitii, .■<;i,(lll.-i.;kS : llalif.ix, ,■ 
.s.-i7l.l7 ; llamillmi. S;i|J.iii;: i.iiiel.i c .s'lL'l. 
;il'i : l,.iiii|mi, '■<:i'"i.7n ; 1 ■liarlollciow n, S|.(-.'.J| 
Kine-imi, .•<7-. 17; Winnipeg, ,S71.:U; CI 
llranihinl. .siit.iSJ. It will he noti'.'ed that 
tenth of Ihecilies of the Dmiiinton 111 the allioun 
it costs the I lovcriiiiienl less in " cliar_'es against 

the II eitiis aliove Illelll imieit. excepting mil 

lieyonil all cmiiparismi ili,' , heapc-t of all 1 1 

|iroportioiiate expenses also. Tiic Ittiiiius an' 
show the value of .either imports or exports, t 
Port of entry. 

The l',,i.<i(i /I'e/iinia hir I'sTl -ll'iw thai al 
within the city of llllawa. in the way of ludiisli 
luUovving : — 



RICAL SKI'/rCII OF THE 



Si.iiii rvillc A ('... an- a a tliu imist fxt.'i..sivi' .loiili'i.s in 

iihl all (.'la^.-cs i.f l.iiil.liiij,' mat. rial. Th.-.v liiivr ImX" i";iil'l" 
It, Anipriiii'. 

in at l''ait mii' linn "f liariU'^iMlnaki th « hn '1" all ex 
•. viz.,tli.' r.Mrl.iMl-r lln.s.,«li..(anv "ii ii vcn liui,"' liiiniiiras 
ilii-. aii.l liavr ••Hi.il.li^lir.l a ri'|.nl.il i. 'h f..r Ili.'hi^.lvi'S l.v 
iiiMlaU l'..i- llicli iiliiliiK at till' (Viil.iiiiial al l'li,laili'l|;liia, 
1' l'uri» Kx|i"~ili"ii iif IhT". Tills linn, with thai c.f 'I'li.ii. 
'.!., als" iiianurarliiiv li-atliur liunk» i xluiisivrly, iiii'l "" wi'H 

hav rvrr sii'ii 'I'li-.v i\|i.'ii miiiiiIkts lif tllfSi;, all'l in tlli^ 
(ilf a fitn^iil-'raliU- i'\)iiii't liiniiif..s Is aU.i 'jtnn'. 
lie aira ..r tin' I'lfWi'O |.i-...liula (.il « hi. Ii iIhti' art' tlnui' 

I til thin sitI ( ill'.- iiliawa Valliv. ll ■.;li "11'' "f tin' 

■» (.IiiM. H.irhcslfl is als.i all .'Xti'lisivi' liiaitstcr, all.l Ilin 

, its way 1 iii.'sl .'f til.' Iir.'«.-lii.« llif.niKli""' >lii» mii;tliili 

.r ali.l 'Oii.'l".'. 

■.ill l.usiin'ss IS H.ll i..i.r.-iiiii..l,an.l llicruurim.nnu ruiiUy liiiu 

iieiita ill .•..nin'.li..ii with tills in.lnsiiy. A111..11U tl ...st 

arftli..»f..f Illais.l.ll.V (■..., A. I'hak X'lllcan h W.-rks), 

,• l'.r..s., I'at.'is..ii .\ Law, aii.l ill.' I'itKiiis'. A. II. llaMwiii 
xli-iisuc iiia.'l.ili. sli..|,-, all. I lll.iwi..- .anil's ..n a -lul. yanl. 
111.' Ill tilt' t'lty . 

■ li....t ali.l sh..l' tra.lu a stall has Ih'imi ma. I.' ..f lal.' years 
.liU'iiii; thi' laiyi. iiii|..irl.s iv.i'iv.'.l fiviu ijii. ■!...■, M.'iitn'al, 
III., Iiy .■utalillslilliiillifliiuiillfiu'liilv hiTr. I'llc IJttawa B....t 
I'.i. was f.inn.'.l s.nm' yi^irs sin.c, ami f..r a tini.' tin' liilsi 
(■ |.r..iiiisi. I.f a Iriiii.ii.l.iiis .|.'Vi.|..|.iiiunl. 'I'lii' Ki'iii'nil 
11. h..«.'Vfr, has all'islf.! tins ( ',.m|.aiiy's ,.|..'r,ili..ii«. i1i..iil;Ii i' 
.Illy l.iiiii..ranly. N.il s... li..wiv.'r, with aii..ili.i l.ramli ..f 

I rail.-, wlni'h liasl..a-ii slarlcl ..i.... tin- har.l lllmst iiuMii-i'.l, 

i.hiiiimsl si.-a.lil\ ti. .lu\i'ln|. till it lia.H iilmi.st m..m.|...lizf.l 
iiiarki'ls, ami .vi'-n sliiil ...it the mannlactiU'cl'M ..f iM..litri..ll 
.■.■ fn.m iln-ii ta\..nte' icrnt..ry W i- ntVi i.. tln.jm.iaasin 
|..nk maniira.tuiv, i-arrir.l nil hy Suil.y I-.t, at ITii .Sp.irks 
!■ hi' als.. kic-|.s u lili.- ivtall si. .IV. .Mr. la-v maiia^i'S I., .sell a 
iclo at i-ln.a|.i'r |irii'.s (».. his fiisl..im'i-s .say) than tlir .\l..ii- 
ill', l.v larrvin;,".!! I'ViTy l.ramli ..I tim 'faniltaftiilv fl-..in tin.' 

t.. till' liiiish.'.l m...-.'aslii. II.' ki;.|.» l.i'iwian:!.'. iiii.l.Mi iii.Mi 

- i-m|.l..v.il makiiiL! m...rasiiis al has a tni.ir Hhi.lii'< 

r..wiii.4 'alroa.|\ sii|.|.lii's m...Ht nt ilii' Ica.lim,' liiiiihiTiii.-ii 
law.i, aii.l iia.s fiiiii .•i.iiiiin.mv.l t.. ox|".i-t 1.. the sii-,im,.li..l.l« 
asH ..f luaiinfai'lniv, M..|itli.al ami (.^ili'lu'i'. 
,ir.' tw.. virv I'M. iisiu' .111.1 i-..m|.liiii' !|..nnn'_' mills al the 
•, l...|..li^.in,''t.. r.r..lis..ii ,V (•..., ali.l 'I'Il.s. .Mi-Ka\ A I'... Tin. 
I ..|.erali's ..atimall mills, .l..im; a Miy hiVL;.' l.iisin.ss in that 
inMT t..hl l.y ..111' insiiiania.iw'iiit that lie i-.'|.iisi.iilc.l •■..liil.an- 
111,' risks ..f '.<;((), ii.iiP m..nllilv ilir..ii'.;h a «li..l.. sfas..n .m i.ut- 
iniiallv ... .•.•"'. I'i..m M.-K.i\ .V t'...s mill- i.. ih.nl.l l'..iintry 



rRADE, COMMERCE AND FINANCE. 

very iniiii.i'tatit jni'.jei'ts art' s.. inliinaU'ly cniim-.-ti'tl with 
xwf th.it .'I pfrsoii .H.-arei. km.Wi when. tt. In-eak fn.m tliu mn' 
t" tht' ..tin r. l.iilif,' s.. mni'li llii' saliii' that the i'X|...rt tia.li' 
t'xat'tly f..iiit'i. it'll! with tilt' malintai-tni'.'s, f.Vf.'|.t t.» tht' 
whi.'h ilii' iini.i.rt ii'.i.l.' mayl..' sliul ..ll' l.y the niainita. Inn's 
'J, til.' .leliiall.U ..t h..llie e..li.siimj>ti..li 

lin- pi't'sent \a.stn.'-s ..(■ the .■i.tiim.'t'.'i.il all'airs ..t the City, .-i 
e.'ireit nil'.; 111. ly I..' ;,'lt'ane.l l.y a |.erils.'il ..f Irie Ljeni'lal 
\ Itailwiiys aii.l \\ att'i*\v.'i\ s. ami Ilie al...vi' in referenee t.. 
t.i sii|.[. lenient whi.'h, ami t.. .irrive a.s nearly as ]>ussil.le 
, with. 'Ill ihe inierhir'lini; lit ilisiiiii'sive tlie'.i'ieti,' we kin.u 
f 'i.tta than siieli a.s iiiav i.e ^li'.'iiie.l ft'.. In the Tnolr an'l 
/,'' t".!..'.. taken 111 .'..lille.'li..ll with t lie show ill;; .it' I hi- last 
Ills ; iiliylhinj in.'l .'I' ..tltsl.h' .it these Leiiij, t.. a v.'l'y 
It, .i.lije.'liiial. l"r..m Ihest' /,'.'../■«. wt-timl that •he.lnlits 
the I'erl "f iiii.iwaf.ir ill.' ei^lu V. 'ill's iiiiliiii,' .lime Dilih, 
as f"ll"Ws. I.sil'.l 711, .s''.i-,II'.".'.'.m'; ISTH-TI. M li;..s'.IK.ii.-) ; 
.iiii,' i;:i,."ij ; ls7;-7:i, .';i'jnii.:)l'.i,;'.l ; IXT^'. Tl, .sii.';i;i,-iiii in ; 
.'."..', )i.'7. 71 i H7''i-7n, .-'L'lii.7.''l.l7 : l^7i;-T7. ■■<Jiit.l!iL'.-'i',- 

\ .•*!ll7.-'.tlK,"i'*' I'.r ' 'list. .Ills a'. .lie. win. 'h, with slil|.|j|liL,' .l.les 
ini..ltnteil li'» Wltliin a \eiy small tlaeliell .'t' -i^lidli.tid.l.tlll. 
.St year fi.l' wlll.-h we have l.lll.lishe.l l'el...lls shewili;,' e..|ii- 
li'iiieiits is thai emliiij iiiith .Inn.'. IS77. I'liiiiej that y.'ar 
', eities 111 niiiari.', :! Ill t,iii.'l'ee, I ill St w ririiiisw iek, I in 
a. I ill I'niiee j'Mwaiil Isiamt, ami I in Itritisli 1 '..linnl.i.'i 

ins eXeee.le.l lll"St'i.f tlltawa. Tllese wel'e in 1 lie . il'.ler .if 

nils : Miinlreal, .*i.>-7s,ri07.'.M; Ti.n.iil.., S'J.l i:i.S,13.'J7 : 
l..il.'.,llli.li:l;Sl. ,l..|iii,,siMiii. 11.".. 1 l;llaiiillliiii,S7:.':i.7:il>.K'.l ; 

il'.i.'.i.is.ii.s ; \ let. MM, I'., t'.. .■;'l..7,."i7:i.-':i ; 1 1..11, ,>^:Ws.- 

I 1 liarl"iie'"wn. I'. I'.. I., .s":;! I..'7i:''<'i ; while Kiii';st..ii 
( .L.sely with .-'l'.i7.tll.''.7;'iii.l Winnii'. "4 with .■Slii;l,li77.iia: 
I r'l'anlt'il'.l wvi'.' (he ..Illy ..llier j.lae.'s w li.'i'e the aniininls 
ill.' il|i t..''^liiU... '11, tile fi.il.ier i'i'tiii'iillii;.-<llll,4l'-.7is ali.l 
l'_*."i.r..l,'>.li(\ Ihiiiii,; the ^anie ye.ir, tile " eliariien a..;ainst 
'.'..tile alni'llilts 11 .-.ist tile I •"Nerntnent ti. ...Ueet the 
al the I'l s|iieti\e l'"ft», were as f"li..w s: .M..lill'e.'il, .^1 17, 
r.'iii", .^."i:;,l7'i-!i.i ; Halifax, S<."ili,-J71. 1 1 ; M. ,l"hii, .■i|H, 
lliiiiillt.'li, .I'Jli.ii.''... Ill . i,lin'liee, .':i."i:l.:.',"ill.ril ; Vi,'t..ri.i, 
I. .M.I..ii,.s'iil,'.Mil.J7 ; ('liai|..ttet.iwn, t<:;4.:ij:i.'.il , iniawa, 
Kinust.'ii, .slM.liH.lii : \\'inni|.e;;, i^l u',,"i.i;''. l..- ; Clifit.n. 

: lll.inlf.'r.l. .•:l--',Sli."i..Sil, The .lln.nillts ..f 1 'nstiuiis I'el'llnetl 
line peri. ..I al llie ali.ive I'.il't- WtTe : Mnlltl'eal, 
l'i.i'..iil.., .-<:i,(«l."..:i.S ; llalif.ix, sii.iW.S.:!!! ; ,St. .I,,hn, 
ii:. mill. .11. !*;il±i"l: l.liii'liee. .■'.'iL'l.N.'i; Nietnriii, .'<-lii!i.- 
1,. .■<;i.''i.7ii : ('liavl.ittei..wii, iiU'.'.Jl ; I itlawa, ,s''.MIHI.:lii ; 
.■<7-'.l7; \Viinii|.ej. .•^71. :U; llifl.'ii. .'<l:!.jli; aiel 
.-ii'.L.S'J. ll will he miri"..|| tll.lt .illli..il','h IMI.iwa is 
ell it's ..f the l)"iiiiiil"ii 111 the aim .1111 1 ..f ( ilsl.'itiH . ..ll.'ele.l, 
( ii'Xt'nnimiit less in " t'hari;us ui;.iilisl Ueveline" than any • if 
es aliiive iiieiili.'iieil. fXet'iitili:; iiiily lli'aiitfi.i'il. wliieh is 
iii|'ai'is"ii llie t liea|u'-t ..f all, 11.. 1 ..nly in the aetnal, Init 
s.s al-'.. Tile /.'•'. '.'...s are 11. it si. al'l'aiiu'e.l ast.. 



alil 



..t .either llll[...l'ts ..r t'.\I...l'ts. t.i 



.'I' tr..iii ali\ 



iiiii. ;,'.'^ii':..< r.'i I's71 -h"W' Ihal al llial liimth'T.' w.'re 
t'it> 111' lUl.iw.i. ill the u.i\ "I imlilslri.il estal.li-liimnt-, tlu' 



llai (In Veiirlt \ li' I'l.w 

|.,..luliall.,ii. .\i.. Kliiplon'il. W'Kfs. M.ilTi..:. liuMMI',,,1, 

Hiikeries 17 Ml »:;^l."lil *-'l:i,!i:i.-. »L',s,. •,:;,■, 

lil.i.ksniiih Sh..iis.... 11; 1-' Il,(l7!l l-',77.-. :i.-|,:!tiii 

Hi'i.t an.l Sh.ie Shi.iis.. -J:; :i7 :!l,-:;ii '.i!!,;!!;!! .'-,77.-| 

llriek Vai'ls :i I- :;.^iiii ^^'' ■ M"" 

''al'imi .Miries 7 .'1- lt'.7Ml I-"'.::!!."' '4:i,10u 

Caiiliiie .Mills I ,'l llO'i IU,''iiiii li'.'l'-O 

(•ariieiit.'r.'shi'iis :i ."i Mi:"! 1,1 In 7,i'i;ii 

Cal'llier .Shiil II 71; -.'.-..L'MU IW.IIsll so^,,o., 

I'.„,|,i.,a«i's .'i Hi ii.<l'"'l> 7.I.-III I7.7.-II) 

Dies-maker-- Knts.. '.'1 md l'"'.:;'il '''''""H "^i^'■" 

Kl..iir.V' (Jrisl Mills... :i li.". •■'.■■:ii" :iil-,:i-0 :i:i-,s.-,i 

Knumlrli's I Ml ;i:i,'s7ii ill, I.".:.' IIJi;..-,IKI 

Saihllei'ii's, Jtt,' '' <l:i l^'■'ill ':'.-"« ,77-' 

.Saw .Mills 7 l.i-'O:! Jli.'i.niiii I,ij7s,|iiii l,."iii|,so.i 

Tanneries.]!!!'.!!..! i! M -,:'.-'ii ilii,.'ill) .■.ii..-'7.-. 

Tailiir .Slmiw L'l :i'-".i ii7,:t-it '-'-'ii.n.Mi ,'l."i;i,."i-',-. 

Tin .Minify K.Hts I:i Hi lli,4r.ll 41.!lli.-. sl.|:il 

lii't'W.ries '.' 7 I'll"' i',"liii '■'.'■'im 

l'.l""lll tV I'.nish Mfi's. I X it.I'MI ll.'Klii l;t.(Miii 

Kiiirmi's ii '-'" •■','•1" l."i.liiii ,'!l,lillii 

,I,.«L.11,.,'H 7 -J.'. lii.-7."i :i.dsii :m.|iiii 

.Meat Ciirinu' Ksts ll 1'-' -M'il '-'I.I.Mi :it,li-r, 

I'aintel'S .V Illaziel'S. . il Il-'i I'-',""" \l).l^'0 11, null 

rii..l"lialleries it H -.''I • ii.l"'! II.I...1 

I'riiitiim Ksis I '-'"^ ..i,i,,si..i i;r,,iiiiii L'H.-|,,s:i7 

Sash 1)>\; 11 l''aetv's, il '.I'J :''il.'.iii« HI.'-".'.'. Iii7,i'(iii 

Sinn Yanls ". . .. 1 li :i,iiiiii -,1IKP 1;, (11.11 

S|..iie t'llttillK k.st». . ■-' 17 ."i.lllii 1-'. L'.").(leii 

liiL.k liimliin,' Ksts.... L' .Vl I'-M'll" In. •11.7'-'" 

('..rilial .\ Sviii|i .Mfr- I I'-' il.!''''! l.-s, Inn :;f<.,-'nn 

Kil-.' T""l .Mfrs 1 1-' '"i.:;n.. .■..inn l.',,: 

.Mist'ellalli'..lls Wares., i' II l.lii'"' l.^'-^M 4,:i7D 

S..a|. '\ (anille Mirs.. I 4 l.'.'n.i In,. inn i;i. 

W.i.'.i Turiini^' Ksts . 'J 7 il.''<nii l..-|'.'ii il.nni) 

(•arviin,'.viIi|.|iiiu'K»ts '.' '.1 l.iiH" -'.'-'71' ."i,:i,"'n 

l';ii,'iaviii',.,v Lull Ksts I ii 'J.edu L'.in :i,iiOi) 

lias \V..rks I 11 il.nnn ll.'Jiin .'In.iinn 

Wi;; .Mfi! Ksts 1 r> l,.'iiKi u'.i.nn ,-,, 

Hank .N"te Km; K.sts... I 8:; ;l.'i.niiii 'jn.iKin 1111.1.1111 

I'l.iml.iiiK.V lirass .Mfs I ill I1,:1H4 '.".'.■inn 44„'-|7.-| 

I'litals :;'.'4 ;i.nil.l ?«4il,iV.M J?J,."iitil,ii,".4 S4,l,V.',:ii;n 

Th 'ii,'iiial aliiniinl I'feai'ilal ilivesle'l t" I'rii.liU'e the al...ve n-siilt 

was .*l.!tl4'.'H7. 

T.. aseertaiii tliu iiiniilit-i' ..f in.liisiri.il estalilishiiieiitB at |ireaeiii. 
IT the nnmlier I.f l.iisiness hniises, is a task I'e.iiiiriiiL,' as iniieli luln.r 
aim. .St as w. 'IS i'X|ii'iiile.l ii|".ii the cen-iis. There is m. war "f even 
a].j.l'..\im.itiiii,' it. .\s a |i..int t.. u'lless ti'.im »e lni^'llt mentinli Ilia! 
there ale llie names . if 7liil Imsiiies- lirnis i.n the siiliseri|ili..ii list f.ir ih.' 
City Dil'iet.'ly ..f 1«7''< ; aii'l this list l.'avea ..lit very many ..f the 
smaller imlustrial estalili-hin.'iits i.f nearly evt ry elass. .iml general 
stores. " eiiriier f^rtit'eries," t'le. , ininimeriihle. 

Thi'le all' iiine eharleie.l li.iiik- havim,' a;;. 11. ie- in 1 itt.iw.i. ali.l "lie 
|iriv III- I'.iiik. Five. if Hi.' Ii'iim 1 h.iv.' -aviii;;- hank- in .'..nmeti.'ii. 
Th.' ai. hit.', till.' ami neiierallv liia^;iiili.'.'lil a|.|.i'ar.iili'i' ff -miie nf lln-e 
hank liilil.lili,;;- is al l.a-1 tsjiial I.. an\ lliili;; in the '■.iiiiliy. .\im.ii;; 
llie very liii.'-t s|iet'iiiieii- nf cLininercial linihlin^js in any .-ity in 

I'aiia.la' we iiii:,'ht iili.ni the Itaiik ..f .M..iilr.'al. the M.-nliuiits' 

Hank, till' 1,111. 1.."' Il.iiik. Ih.' '. int.ni.. li.nik, th. riii"ii liaiik ..f l."Wir 
I ali.i'la. the li.llik III' r.rili-h N'lltli Anii'lit'il, ami tin ll.ink ..f llllawa. 

I''..ur i..'aii Ci'iiiii.inie- aii.l "lie lii-iii'am'e ('.iinpany li.i\f tinir hea.l 
..111. IS here; while iiiii-t tit llie prim i|.al L..aii C..iii|iaiiies in thf 
It mill ry, anil im le-.sthan .V.i lii-urami'('iiiii].aiiie-, hav.- a;;eiii'ies in aetive 
i.|.i'iali.'ii. Til'- iHt.iwii .l'/)'i.'ii/f.ii,i/ i- th.' In-nran.'i' C..iiiii.iiiy iil...v.' 

]'. fell.'.! I..,'ali.l Ih.' 1., C..nii.anies .lie the r.'i.il.il .\l„l,uil Hiuhliinj 

Neci'.', iiii'iil..'iale'l |--7.'i. lapital. i^iJiHi.nnn ; L.i S:;„i,- ,1, c,,,,!/,-,,;.. 
/(',.,( (\tii>i'lii,iin, int'.tip..|ale.l l'"7t; M'tniiinlitttn Lotlii ittul Sniiiois 
('..., "n-ini/.t'tl l-7n, p.ii,l up 'apital, ^IMi.nnn ; ami the .Vii'..ii./ .W.idm' 
l!,nl,li,ui S:,i,hi „/ nit.nr.i. with a e.lpital "f 8:1-11, n(K,l. 

Th' "l.'l.'^iaphl.' fa' ilili.'- "f 111'' Capit.il ,11''- ample aii.l ."iiipl.t.. 
II..1I1 th.' |)"miiii..ii .ml .M.'iUi.'iil C"iiipiiiii'- liav.- "llie.'- tlir..uv;ii. .ill 
III.' ('it>, at llie lea.liii^' Imtel-, priiit;ipal luml.eiinen'H i.Hi.'es, ami I'.ii- 
li, nil. 'Ill Itiitl.tin;;' — there lieim^ st.iii.' twenty "tli''t's in vai'i'.iis parts i.f 
the City. 

MUNICIPAL MATTERS. 

rpt..aii.l iiichi'liii>,' the M'.ir 1.S47. what i- ii'W tiiiaw.i w.i- e.'iti- 
pii-e.i williiii ill.' T'.wnship "1 Nepe.in, aiiilalth.ni....i il li.i.l lieeii fur the 
past -i\ year- a t.iwii nl -iittieieiii iinp..rtam'e I." elaiiii ali.l he ai.'"r.li''l 
I'epie-. iii,ili..ii ill 111'- c.ina'liaii A--eiiil'lv. vi t it .li 1 m.t eiilei inl" a 
sep.iral.' niiilii. ipal ixisleliie till 1 ■• I-, lli. .\.l in. . rpeiatilij^ it , is the 
T.iwn "f llyt'iwii haviiie pa—e.l the previ.nis veai. 

,l.,|iii Si'..ti, pi.'vi.iii-ly reh'ri.'.l |.. in i'..iiiii'eii.'ii wnh the p..liii..i'i 
hisli'iy, w.is the lii'-l M.iyi.r.'t ll..' T'.wii, in IM>, ami l)ie lir-t Ti.w 1. 
('..iiiieil was .■"mp,.-e,l I if the f"li..win^ u.'iith'im-'ti : - Tli..iiias Ci.riniaii. 
Ni.'lh.l.i- Sp.irks, N. S. Itlais.l.n, lleiiiy ,1. l-'iifl; aiel ,l.'liii jie.Iai'.l. 

The liisl T..wn Cl.'ik wis ,l..hii .Vlkiii- -m'eee.l.'.l in turn l.y ,1, Im 
il.'iii'^'i' Hell, Kiaiiei- S1..II aii.rK.lniiiml lliuke. Tim lallii wa- a -..n 
"I C..1. Itiiike, "f l:i. 'Inn. .11.1, a newspaper iiiiiii III' iiniisii.il aliilily. • lie 
ll. M the p"sili..ii at the lime ll\i'.wiiw.i> im'..ip..rale.l as the Cit\ •! 

llllawa, when W. I'ilniall I. ell, th.' pre-. lit Chrk, sll.eet'.letl t.. ih.' 

.'Hi.'.', I..'iii;; I lien I'.. re th.' lir-l Clerk ..I (itl.iw.i. ami the "iily ..tie, a- he 
: -liU .'"nliiiiie- t.i lli-. hai'^'' wiih a'lmille 1 ,il'ility aii'l the iji't'iite-l -.ili- 
la.'ii.iii'.Uili.'s whi.'li, tli'>ii;;li .''.mparativ. ly liL;lit wli.-ti he a--iime.i 
llieiii ..11 th.' Isl ,laiiiiaiy, l^.'i.'i. lia\t' ;;iiiwn In inimeii-e pi'iip..rti..ii- 
ami iinp.'itaii. .', i'i'i|iiiiinu' an aim.iini ..f .'iiei;;y anil aliility wliieli tie 
pe.'ple ..f the e.lpital iiie f"iliiii.il.' in having m'ciii.'iI in an eimni-iii 

.l.'t;l.'.' il, ill.' i..'|s. f til.' pi. -.Ill ..l.li_ili;;ali.l genii. 'in, iiilv iinunil't iil 

"f tlii- in.i-t iiiipi'i'tant eivir ..Hi..'. 

The Ma\.'i's I'.II, .wing .\lr. S.'.itl in >iieees8i"ii were |{"l"i! 
llaiA.'V (IH4'.i), ,l..lin li.'Wt'r L.wis ( l,iWli), Cliai'l.-s Sp.nr.iw l-."il .,1. 
H. Tiir^e.'ii lis,-,:;), li. \V. .•<.,. tt (L'^'^'il • aii.l II. .1 Krnl Is,'"! . 
.Me-r-. S.'.il, lawi-, ami S.'.iit liav.- Iieeii ali.'.i.ly iifeii.'.l I" uml. r ill. 
p.. lit leal hea.l. .Mr. Havvey was a lawyiT "f im.re ih.in aM'i,igi' aliilily. 
lie -iilist'tpieiillv reinnveil til Cliieagn, III., wlier.' he is siill ]irai'li-iiie 
hi- pr..fe"i"n, liaviiig liei'miie uiie "fllie hesl lanyeii' ..I that Wu-leiii 
Mi'lni|i..lis, .Mr, ,stpaii..w was a l.nleher In neeiipatii'ii, ami is -nil 
livill'.; in the T..W'nsllip nf lihnlee'sU'r. Mf. 'rtll'p;unll w,is 11 l.laeksniilh 



^. 



COUNTY OF CARLinON 



I'.v Invilc, ami i^^ slill II iv-ii.ti'iit ..I' tlu' I'ilv. Ili' lunk u i^ival iiitciv^t 
in militiiiy nmtter^ liiii'iii^' lii^ yiiiuii^ti" ili)\'^. ami nru'ai'i/fl wliat wa.^ 
ki.,i»ii a- " N'li. i' llilli'-," III wliii'h 111' «ii» liira iiiiiiiliii i>l M'ais ni|i|iiiii. I 
Mr. Kriil wa- ii iii»-|>a|iii mail ny ipi"ri'~>iiai, ami aiii"n^' llif |ia|u'i> I 
Ip- wa-.Miim-.liclwiili waithf /'n./.) ^a^l>'l Hauls imiui.l iiilntlii' Citi-.n,. \ 

111 IS."il llir Art Ha-< iia>M-.l imniihiialiiiH lUl^wii a- llir City nl' ! 
Ullawii Till' Maynis ainl i ily Ciiiim'il- lor tlii' varliiii« years lliiini' 1" i 
the |irr-i'iit tinii' may lie rmiiiil In'lnvr : - 

t^'>'> .W 'i/'ij-, .Iiiliii Bi'vvt'r I.i'wi-i ; .W'/i r/(i<'f(, .IiJiii Fur^ii'. Aiiilitw 
Main, I'Mwaiii Mri iillivray, Niiimla" Spark-, lli'iirv.l. l-'iii'l, Kilwanl 
Smilli, ,laiiu"* (i<i>Ml\viii, .lames heainy, L\ iiiaii Prrkiiis : ('Mi/j,.-(7/-.r>, 
.lami'- Malllii'rt-, Tlimna- l,aiiL;iill, N'. S. Itlai-.li'll, Thomas llimliiii, i 
.liiliii {{iii'lii-ti'r, Nathanii'l Hiir«a-li, Tliailis I'.nwaii, ,li'>e|ili lli'au- i 
tliam|i, l>ama-i' ll.iuim'nis, Kusriii' \'aiin. i 

;\-.(;-.\/,f. ,.,,■, .Iiijni It.iwir U'wi-; Ahln-iiifii, .lulm Harricllr, j 
K'Umu'I M'CilUviay, Si. Imla- .-sparks, .lnliii lliiiry, Amli-cw Main, I 
■li'lin Ki'i-^ii', Kihvar.l Smitli, Hi-nrv ,1. Kiii'l, Kn-i-i'i' \'arin ; i'i"in- 
.•i.7.M.<, .I'.lin Iti.ilii-iir, N. S. iHais.li'll. l-'ram is Aliliolt, (ii'i.r-.' Hay, 
Til. '111,1- I^in.mi'll, .lulm W. l.oiiik-^, .laiiiis Luamv , ( 'liaili- i.aporli', 
.laim-(i luiii, li.ivi'l ll'iur',it'"is. 

is:,: M.i.ftr, .l.iliii Hiiwir l.i'wis; .1/./, ,-„i. „. Hiniv .1. Frii 1. 
IMwaiil .Mi'(iilli\iay, Tln'iiia- Lln^'rl■ll. I'Mvv.iiil Smiiii. Ni,|i,,]a- 
.Spark-. .Inliii lli'iii'\, William I 'li'^;^-. Kii-i'ln- Variii. l.vmaii I'likiiis; ' 

' ."i/i.i7/"r,N, .liilin liniiii'sli';'. li.'InTl M"nl-i'iiii'iv, \\r\. S.'nti.il -^i. [ 

Hay, .liiliii \V. 1,'iMiks, .laiii's l.ianiy. Is,iai' I!, ri. li"ii, .1. I!. Ki.lui, 
Will, Kfiini'ilv, CliaiKs l^iipmii-. i 

;.v-.,s --.;;„■„,.,■, Klwar.l Mi-dilliviay ; .!''/■ ,.,..„, Tli.. ma- I aii,-i,'ll, 
l.ymali I'.'rkili-. I>ama-i- ".. ur_'i"i-. II. .1. Kriil. .laliu - l.iamv. .I.ilin ' 

liriuy, Ni.li.ila- .-^park-. Win. ('Ii'i,'i;. .lame- (i hviii, I'llri Hi. I ; 

<'iiii/iii7/ii/». Tliiimas lliintnii. W. II. itnl'insnn. .ImIiii liiir|ii'.sli'r. .laiiii-s ' 
O.iiimlis, Aii.lri-w ll.avy. Win. Ki'li.n-, Daviil lliMiri,'i'.ii-, Tlii'npliili' | 
1*1 nilli.iiiimr. Is.i.if Uuiirlii'ii. tliiiiii'- l)\ki*. ; 

!<-.:' M.v/,;. K.lw.ii.l .Mrllillnray ; .-l/'drw. ,i, .l.iliii H.i(lii'>i,.|'. j 
Will. IJin^;, Alf\. W..rkiii.iii. .Iiiiii-- (i'lmUviii, Daiiiasc Itniiruiuis, X. ' 
.•sparks, IVti'r Hi. I, Tlimiiiis .M. Illiii-li-ll. .I'.liii ll.'iioy, Diiviil limn-. 
Kciii* ; <'iii'ii/-i7/..is, ;\li'.\. Siiitl, Kian. i- CliMimw, Tlium.is Sianmi, 
.l.utii- W,iikl''V. l-i'li'ti- Travri>y, Wm. Ki'itni'lv. l-a.ir I'iMiilii.ii. 

;^^■. Mif/'i. Ali'Xiiii.l.r W'nrkm.in ; l/./..m.,., .loliii Uii.'li.'stcr, 
l.ym.in I'.rkin-. Ali'\. Sc"tl, I'. |. r Knl, (m-.uj;!' H. I'lv-lmi, , lames 
Leaniy, h. .1. It. La.!iiri-. Sieli ila- Spark-, |{..liiit Lim's ( ('i,i(i„-ill„i:i, 
.lames llyke, lleiiiy .Mel 'urmi. k, .l.'lin lilytli, Kiaiieis (.'Il'Iiiiih, 
li"iial'l li.'w, .\ii.lre« iM-aliani, Isaai llericlinn, Wm. Keiiiieily, .lulm 
II. Ill > , l-i.l..ii', Tiav.r-y. 

;-•'■; -.W.i;(.i.-, Alisaihler W.iikmaii: Aihrinrn, Lmian I'l'ikiiis, 
Will. Clej:);, Alex. S,..tl, IVler Kiel, .lames Sk.'ail, (i.-nr.,-.' II. I'l.-iun, 
.lumo- IJii.ulwiii, laiiies heamv, I,. .1, Ii. Lazuii'. Tli.iinas lliiiiluii ; 
( ,„•„,, II., IS. Wm. Kinni'.ly. l-a.i.' Ilerieli.nl, .l.ihii Hlylli, .I.ilin lli-iiev, 
l,)..nal.l ll.'W. lliiiiv .Mil '..iiiiiek. l-'raneis Cleiiinw. Isiilore Traveisy, 
,T.llili- llyke, .\llille» (irallam. 

IS'i.' M'i,ii,i; Alexaii.l.r W..rkiiiaii ; Al<l,riii'ii. .lain.- Sk.i.l. 
l.ymaii I'likins, Alex. .Sei.tl, (i,„r-.- II. I're-t.m. I!..l.,it l„-,», .lain.- 
(i..i.ilMiii, I.. .1. Ii. Lazni-e, I-ii|i.re Ti.iv,r-v. .luim- l,.aiiiv. Menu 

M.'1'..nili.k ; i:,„„.;ll,„:<. D.ivi.l S,'..lt. .I.'lili I. ili,;r,i,|, ll.iiu.l 1,11, i 

L'aii. I>.i»-.jii Kerr, Kraii.i- -VMi'itl, .Xn.lreu ilialj.im. l-.ia. Iliiii li.m. 

Wm. Keiiiieily, ,I..-.eph II. Tiir^' .I..I111 II. m v. 

/ M, .■ — ./.ii/.ii, Henry .1. Kriel ; .1/./. .111. ... .lain.'- Ske.i.l. .i.ime- 
riinniu-liani,' .\lex. S,-,.I1, Henry Mel'. irini.k, (i,'..r:..e II. I'l.-i.m, 

IVl-r A. Ejle-.iii, H..l..'it I s. y, X. iln.-rlin, I-i.l..iv 'I'lav. i-v, Wm. 

Keiiiie.ly : 1 ■.."...•i'/,„-,<, Davi.l Se.ilt, ,l..liii l,aiij;r.ii.|, Wm! liii.k. 
Tli.Jiiiaa' Stiiri.ier. Francis .Vlilmlt. .li.liii Ar.lell, K.lw.u.l liiinn, 
Eup'iie Marlin -an, .i..liii H.-m-v, l-aa.- I'.eri.li.m. 

IM,', .\l,ii,,i\ M. I\. Hi. kin-. .11 ; .1/'/. 1-/M. 11. .\l..\. Se..tt, .lain.s 

riinuiii^li.ini, .I..I111 l.aiiu'f.'i.l, ll.'i.rv M. 1 '..nni.k, (ii'..r^..- 11. I'lv-i 

.I'.liii K..r;.'ie. r. A. K-'l H. .1. l-'riel, V. X. (iii.ilin. l-i.l..ie 

Traver-y ; ('..ii.i.i7/.'/i. D.ivi.l Se.ilt, .Mnali.im I'r.itl, 'I'li.im.i- Slar- 
iiier Isaiie lieri'linii. I'Mw.u.l Omm..l..lin lleii.'v. Kunene .Maitiii.'aii, 
Fraii.ia Al.l...tt, Wm. Dnek, .L.lin Ar.l.-ll. 

l.i,:-,--M.,,i:.,: M. K. Di.kins.m ; M.lnm.,.. Al.\. .s.-.,ii, .lanie- 

I 'iiimin.iliaiii. .I..I111 l.,.iii-l..r.l . Wm. M.i-.'r.iv.'. l-i.l..r.- Ti.ivi.r.-v, .la „ 

11 Iwiii, Wm. Itiiek, ll.'iial'l li..«-. II. .1. Fii.l. I.. .1. IS. ' l.azuie , 

c„,i,„-,ll„,s, Davi.l S.mt, .Vl.r.iliani I'laii, l.vniaii rerkiii-. W. W.i.,il,' 
Tliiima- Si.irm.-r, l-Mwanl Dtmn. Ku:.'eiii' .Mailiii.-.in. Fi tie is .\l.l.i.It 
.l.ihii lleiiev. l-iuie l>erii'lii>n. , 

/,-'..<, Sl,i,i,,r. ,M. K. Diekin-.iii ; li./. , ,... ,. \h\. S.-.,ii. .I.ime- 
I 'iiiiiiin..liaiii. ,l..lin l,aii.'r.ir.l. H.'iirv M r..nni. k, Wm. .\|.i-_.iiiv.-, 

I) il.l I)..H-, ,1.1111.'- Ii Iwin, l-a,ie r..'ii. leiii. Isi.l..i.' Traver-y ; 

'■,.ii,i.i7/..,.<, iJavi.l S.'..it. .l..lin It'.vv.itt. W. W I, Nvinan I'.'ikins, 

Fiami- Alilii.lt, 1 li..ina- Starni.T. rliarli- 1 eaiLleii, .Lilin II. ilu.'r«r.l, 
.li.lin llenev, F.iiL.eiie Marline.iu 

;.si;,' — .i/.iV'.e, K.iliiM IjV.iii ; .]!•!, nil, II. .I.iiii - I 'iiniiin'.'liaiii. ('. 
W. Ililit's, ri,a,l,.. T. r.al.'. .1. II. Il.iliili-..n. .1. I'. I'"ea!li.'r-I,.ii. .I.,liii 
l,.iii.<r..i.l, .I..K1; li...lie-ter, Frami- Alili..it, 11, . I. Fn.l. l-i.l.,r.' Tra- 
V. isv. .I.iliii II. nev.rliiis. Ii..iil.li'ii..[. I'.. (!iii'riir.l, Kiiireiie Murlinean. 

/-.;-■ M.i,i„i. II. .1. Friel : .l'.'.r»"ii. -I nn.'- I'nnnin'jli.iin, l>i.|..ie 
Tr.u.i-\, Ii..li.rl Iliint.r, ,1. Ii l!..l.iii-..n, rliailes 1 i.,ii|,l..|i. C. \V. 
I'.an','-.J. Ii. lin.iai'.l. .!. I'. F.atli. r-l"ii. .l"lil. Il.ne\. I.ilin I!... lie-ler, 
I'lan. i- Al.li..lt. Wm. M.-^i-.ve, ,l..liii l.an^'l..|.i, K11-. .!.■ M.utine.in. 

;<...•! -.1/.11/.II-, H. .1. Kriel ; Al,l,rm'ii. .I.iliii I!... In-ter, ,)a s 

I'linniiejliain.r. T. liiHe, A. I'ratt, I'. W". I!an;,'s, .1. (I. lii.liinsnn. .1. P. 
Fi'al!i'r-l"ii. Win. M..s-r..ve. Kiaii. i- AI.I...II. • 'liarles (i..ii|.leii, Isi.lnre 
Ti iv.i-v, I'ji.'.ie .M.irlineaii, .I..I111 Ii. liiieiai'l. 

H:„ .U.i./../, .I..I111 U..elj.'-t.'r : .IA/.r,»..i, Fraii.is MellmiKal, A. 

I'lHl, (;. T. ILite. I'. W. liaii--, .1. a. H.il.ins I. P. Fe.i lierst.m, 

Wm. M..--i'..ve, lie.ii'ne .May, Cliailes (i.iiilili.ii, Isi.l..i'e Travei-sv, ! 
.1 liii ll.'n.'\. Kii'^.-ne M.iiliiiean, .I..I111 Ii. (Jnei'ai.l. 

;v.'/ .i;.r./..,-, .N.lin l!...li.-t.r; . I/./. ,„..„, Fran, i- M. 0..ii','iil, A, 
II. Ii,ill«in, A. S. W. ..1.11. urn, r, W. I'.,iiil;-. .1. P. F.al liiist..ii. Wm. ^ 
M'-nr.ive, Ani'i- Kuwe, lie.nve TuiH.m, Win. K.le..'. Il.n.i..- I..ipi,rr.'. 
.I.ilin llenev. Kii_'.-n.' Murlinean. 

;<.'.' .U.I'/... Kii,..n.' Mall in. '.Ill : .1'./ ........ .\. Piatt, P. I.eSneiir. 

K. II. P.r..ii-.'ii, I lull.'- .M.il.e. Ai U..W.'. Wm. M....-r..v.'. .1. P. 

F.aili.'isl.m, ,1.1111.- riinnin-liani, n. .V. I{...ipi.'. Win. Kel , II. .ra..' ! 

|.,|.i"ii.', .|..l.n llenev, r. \\T li.iie.'s. Fiami- Mel)..ii;..al. | 

/-,■-.■ -.U.'".... Kn^.'ii.' M.irtin.an : .1/./. ri/../i, .\. Piait. .Ii.liii j 
l,iie.:liir.l, ('. W. l!an;j', K. II. Iii..ii-i.ii. .Villiiii Mattli.'Wiiian. \. I 
l;invi'..l. P. Featli.'r-ti.ii..liilin llr.ili.ini, I!. .1.1. I.i-.iii, Frim. i- M. I>i.'i-al, 
1 1 .\. Ii... .|ii.', Wm. Kill...', l-i.l..i. Travei-v, II. Lapierr.', .I..I111 ILmv. 

/.>. i .Vi.ii;..!', .1. P. Featlii'i'st.in ; AU.i •«, A. I'r.itl, ". W, j 

Uiie^-, 1,11.11 Davi.l, K. II. lii.iiisiiii, .\. ,1. (.'Iirialie, .\iiii>s li.uve, .lulm 



P. I|..l.ei't.-.,ii, \V. II, W.ill.i, Th a. liirkilt, Fiaiie 

A, li....|iie, F, X, lir..iiU, .lames (>C , .l.iliii lln 

l.i;.: - .\l,ui,„; .1, 1'. Featllel'stull ; ,n./i,'ia.a, ,\ 
llaii;,'s, {■',. II, llr..iis.,ii, .\. ,1, Cliri-tie, Ain..^ 11.. we. .1. 
W. 11. W.ill.i', Tli..iiias link.il, F. M.lii.iual. 1 >. A 
lir..iil\, ,liinii's irr..nn..i', .l.iliii llene\, 1'. ||. I'lialml, 

/.s.'i; .W.I./../', (i, Ii. I.v.ill-F.lliuvs, -ue.'.e.l.'.l at li 
II. W.ill.'r f..rllii'li.ilaiiei' „( leim: . I /./.,',...■„, A. Piat 
I-;. II. P.ri.ii-..n. .laiii.'s l.ali-. A. H.we. .Ii'liii P, li.ilierli 

riiirier, F. .Mel l;,iI. .lam. s i i I'.niin.r. .I..I111 ll-iin 

P. II. rlial...t.ll. A. lii.i.pi.'. Tli.ilna- liiik.tl. .1. F.-l. ' 

is;: .U.i./..,, W. II. Wall.r : .1/././///.,.. K. (l. 1 
Merrill, Davi.i S.'..tt, .\. It. me, .lam.- I.aie.', Wm. II. 
Iliikett, T W. ('iirriei,.l..lm W. M, l!a,', \lieli.i.| Si.n 
lieiirni' t^'Keele, K. F. LallZiHl, ,1. ,\. I'llevrii'l. .1. Ill 

ls:s - .M,i,i,.i. C, W, llall-s; Aliim.ii. Duel 
M.'rrill, Aii.li.iv Ma"..ii, ,laiiii'- L.111-, Wm. H.n.li i-i 

,1. Ii, K.-i 111.'. .I.iliii Sleivail. .1. W. .M.'ll.i.'. li.'.iui' 

llenev, P. II. rliali.l. .I..I111 I'l.in.v, .1. .\. 1 In'Vii... 
''i7.( (V. I'A, W. P. Lett; ■/'i.,/,-.//'. ,, T. II. Kiil.v; I 
l.in.lsav i ''.//..'(../, T. W. Tli..iiip-..ii : (',(., /.;,„,,„,.,. 
Il,,illli (»*■..',,, .\l.,i:,.il). Dr I.Miii liisp.'.iiii.. 
Til. Unas Kiil.v; /|.«.i.'.«i/,,'., II. .\. It..eipii'. Tlinnia- H.il 
mini r,.,ii,„;.«;,.„.,', \. Piali; .I././,;..,',., U. irli.illi 

.U.1W..7 /ll.-/,..'^.,•, ,1. P. I(..l.. Tt-.iii : /,/■.■.„,«. ('..// 

I 'imiiin^'liani I 'liiiirinan). . lam. 's . Warn.. ek, (^-tai 
/,;.'.'/,.«,' /„<,...7,„, .l..|in iiKiilli'V; l,ir,,i~, 1 1, 1,, 1,1;.. 1.1 
fliiifi.f /•■./■./),..(./.(.. Wm, v.. nil-: . I .,....(..,.(, Pml F 
..(• /■•/,■', .l/.i.',/i, II. F. M.|i..iial.l; .l.'...,«(.i/i/, Fniill. Tii 
ir../'/..^ r(.(//((ii.s;../i( CI, .l.ime- riinniii.'ham (rliairm.in 
, lames lliipe, Tliiimas Ciitley, .1. .\. Pin.iiil ; S,,'i;l-i 
ir..i'/.'.i I'.iiiiiiiiM/iiae/'.s. .1. V. rnniiin^liani ; .I/.i/.k./. / . 
IUI..I..I- l\,ih, U,il,<, .1 .liii Penn.i.k; /'.i/iV. A//./ 
(I'llari ; /'../;.'. I ',./,//// /'.■..lii./i. ,'.< f..e-,.r/i.'... I, ili. .May.ii. 
,lii.l),'e (seiiiur). ami I'l.li.e .Ma>,.i-trate. 

The newly eleele.l I 'ilv ('.iiiinil f.r ISTli ale: .1;.. 
Miiekiiit...h ;' .1/././'/,..,,. ■(Viii...i.i Wai.h II..1.11'.' .\| 

.Mas-..ii, Davi.l S 1, W,.||inL,.l.m W.inl .lane- l.aii-. 

Wm. Puller SI. (i,'.ir.'i''- W.n.l .l.,liii W. M. lie'. .1" 
(t. F. ruleiii.ni. (liy Wanl) .lulm lleiiey, 1 1...!'-.' 1 1' 
Stan- iittaw.i W.ir.l F.. K. I.aii/..ii. .1. A. I'lievii.i, 
ir./'. , '•...///...■.i.<i.......<. Vi.t.iiia Wanl .Fane- I 'nnnin-lii 

tun Wanl .laiii.'s ll'.pe St. lieur,;.''- Wii.l) Wm. ruw.i 
Thiiina- r..ll.'y (intaw.i W.ir.l K. li. Lav-'nliire. 

Nearly everylliiii;; el-e ul inl.'n'-l in e..iiiii'eliun wil 
pal histurv has lieeii relerre'l tu un.ler v.'iri..us utliei' In 
im ii-i' -lii.le- the City lia- ma.l.' is, uleuiir-e, every win r. 
nuwlnre lie. re I'.i-ily pi.n.n tli.iii l.y a p.iii-n.il '.llln 
ni.iil- n./iii y.ar I., year. The l.i-t pulili-h'.l |s77, w] 
-t. lies t.) he a lair aver.i;.;.' i-.r the past h'W veti- i- 1... 
.pule a respi'.'tahl.'--i/.'.l \'..liiiii.' ..I' it-eli. I''i'.iiii it \v.' 
.I.l..'iiliir.' lial.ilities ..I the I'itv aimmiil t.. S:;. l,S7.;iii 
.><l.ii|'.i..'is| were i-siie.| uii ai'...iiiit ul W.iiei -»..rl. 
ih.y h..|.i as-els ..I' .•<J77,.'iL'ii.7 I m.i.le up nl' lunk li 

ilive-leil ill huti.U, ami lll;.'..Ilei'teil rate* the l.llt.T it. 'Ill 

.-'7l.72:t,iill. Th.' ..i.linary l.ial.ililii'- uii.l A-.-et- St.iten 
lurmer lu I.e .■<:!li:!.7'".ii.iil. an.l 111.- 1 itl.'i', .'<illl|.li."i7 ill. 
hi.w. ver, the hii'^..' am. lint •'( -SI I s,l'sii.ii'. i- in th.. ,|i.i| 
i.'. li'.l i.ile-.' Tu slim lip. the l.'t.il li.il.ililii- are rti.'.i 
th.' t.ilal assets, ,>i'-sj. 17s. ;i.-i. Tlii-, huwever, i- with. .11 
SI, 111 t.iiim expemlt'.l ..11 W.iler.«..rks. whi.h make- the 
tu .■?l.'-!lll,17\:i."i, '•( whi.ll, ll.. w.'V'er, the -11111 ..I' M 
Ulli'ulh'i'leil nill's. Thi- maki's the exi .il li.ll.illtie 

whi.ll. il 111.' "I II. '.t. '.I rate." 1..- 11..I .•< t.-.l, i 

,>Hi'<l,slHi. 1:1 ; aii.l il a riiilli.'i am. .lint ..I' s|:i, |l':I7 
'•arr.'.il's..llax.s" l.e al-.. I.'fl .ait. ill.' lial.llilii- will e\ 
liv the -11111 111 «<7iil.:il 1 Is, The iiem- .unipri-in- th 
r.'.lluH- :--Walei-w..rks, «il,ii| 1,111111 : nal e-tal.', S:i7i'. 
pi..peiiv. *i;i..">sl. t:l : Cullielui'. r..ll. Jililil. |M;,:i."i ; ar 
Slli.4:;;l T.'> ; niaiket arn-tir-. ,-'1.7li'i.!i:i ; e.i-h l.al.in , J 

The -tat.' Ill rnilli.i slluW- that ihele Here ,SI7I.I 

linrin.-' the y.ar. aiel .■< li;il.i'.J:.',ss , xp. mleil : al-.. th.ii t 
l.alaliee- ill h.lli.l al tin- h.'^iltllile^ ami .11.1 nl' tJie veal 
.■!i'77,'''S'"i.l:''. ami .sI'sl'.l'Im.'iIi. The piin.ipal it. 111- uf 
laxe-, i!<|ss.(;:;:i.:;i : mirk.t t..ll-, 1. 11I-, .iii.l Iheii-,- 
Puliee ('..nil line-, !*J iii~i.i."i ; ami v.iriuii- -.huul Inn 

llMi'!.. The .illief item- ul' eXpi'lhUl 111'. - Well' ; l'..|i.' 

Si'L-^Mi'.:!:; ; Fin- Depailin.iit. .*:!l.:!l:i.:!7 : rity ..Ili. ia 
sireel impruvi'iiieiit-. .~il7.s7ii.'.il : jail .iml jury . \peiisi 
|i..ar.l ..I ll.'.iltli. .sil.s.Mi.ii:;; piiiilin'j, a Iv.'i'ti-iiii:, ;i 
.si.'i.;;i':t.:it : la« .'Ni.euM-, !s;i,i;.".:i.L'ii ; -tie.t li-.'hi- 
niarkel expense-, .iilii.sj;;. Ii) ; piil.lie .Seh,.i.| Fiiii.l, .■<:) 

h'ui.lte Ill-titlHe. I!l7,''>l:l.ll7. 

.\l the nieelmu u|' Sept .'.ill, I s7,S, lI,.- e-lilil.lle- 

pa-se.l. SweepiiiL,' ii'ililetiun- iire ].i..p.i-e.l in aim. .-I 1 

mmii.ipal e\|..n.lit the I'.lal e-timat..s L.r ls71i 1, 

III..!'.' tliali ..11. '-halt l.r what wa- expenile.l in 1^77, 

-nU'eriiiu nil ahalement li.'iii'_' th.- -.li.'ul int.'i.'-t a. nr,: 

iiiu I'-iimule- Were ailiiput.il : 

puliee Depatllni'lil ! 

Fire ll'. 

Salari. - a. iinl 

Mark.i- 

Ii..ai.l ..I' Health 

Sir.ii li-'lils 

In-ialnii'iil- ami interest mi m(ii't<{iixe.s 

.lail ami jury .'Xpeii-es 

Slli'i'I inipl-'iVelliellts 

.M i|..is Hill iiiipiuMiiients 

N.'w I'ilv Hall 

r..rp..raliuii urant.s ; 

Inti'le-I ai.i imiit 

Mis,'i'llam".ii-... 

('hi'i|iii- ami a.'. '..11111- ..I 1.H77 11..1 p.iiil 

Pilhlie S.i 1- 

r..ll.'.4i.'ii.' In-iiliite T... 

Delielltllle interest '. , .,,, 

Tuliil 1 -tiiiial.'.l i.'.piiii'm.'iit- if 



CARLIi rOX. CONTINUKI). 



XXIX. 



n. W.i!!,!-, Thuiiia- Iliikitt, Fmnn^ AMImiikmI, <). 

lirMiilx, .l.-.iiii'. (•■(',■11 ■, ,l,,liii II,1M'\. II. I.M|.icm'. 

.1. I'. I'.MllhT-MM ; .W./. ,,».M, A. I'l.itl, <'. \V. 
"■■ii, A..!, Cliri-lii-, Aiim- It'Wr, .Inliii I', li.ilnMlKUi, 
li.iiiiiw llirk.il. K. .Mil(uu;;al. n. A. Il.i..|m-, K X. 
'niiiior. .Inliii lliih'\, I'. II. Chiili.il. U> iiili.ivi.l. 
(i. 11. l.y.n-I'Ml.iH-., .ii.v,.,.,|...l at IiI-.IimiIi 1.\ W. 
I'al.iii. I' l.rni ; .l/./.n„.„, A. I'mli, II. I'.. I'utlc.', 

nii'H L.lll^ \. Unwi', .IkIiii I'. ItiitilTlnnU. TIllHIlM^ \V. 

ii>;iil. .liiiHi" (>('(. iiiiiir. .inliii ll'iiiv, \, |)i' lliiis'. 
\, l(....|ii... Tli.irim- lliik.'ll, .1. i;-l. -'..h, V. \.rS\wnr. 
W. II. U:,ll.i ; .l"..m.„, I-;, il. lliMii.,..ii. II. II. 
tl, .\. It'n\i-, .Ijuiit- I, all;;, Will. llfiitli'r't'U, Tliuiiia..* 
riiri. .I..1.11 W. M.U.i.', Mu'lia.lSlan-s I'. II. CImIhiI, 

I. K. Ijaii/.iti, ,1. ,\. i'l»f\ rii'i, .1. O'CMiiii.ir. 

C. W. 1!.iii-h; All-rm.,,. Il.ivi.l Srull, II. ||, 
ila-"ll. .lain,- L.iii,'. \\<u. Il.li.l.l.suii. Iv I'. Il.ill.fl, 
ilili Slrwail..!. \V. M.lia.., li, ■.,!-,. IIK'tIi', .IhIiii 
iili.il. .I"liii Cl.ihrv, .1. .\. I 'lii'Viicv, v.. K. I.aii/i'ii ; 
l..-lt; 7'i. !«,/,■, ,, T. II. Kiil.v; ,l.r"..ii/.i„(. .Ii h 

. 'I". \V. 'rilMlil]. : i;i.i H,i'li,l,ii\ I'.ilu.ll Sinlr.'S ; 

.\/.. /;..!/), In. I. Mill llls|M..l,,l-i, .IhIiii lllnwii, 

lv,.«,.,.<, II. A. Il...-.|ii.'. ■I'liMiiia* lialla;;lhr: .|,,.v,.<.,. 
,. \. Piali; I ././;.■.„•.., II. lili.alliv, S. KalliHill : 

.1. IV II-'Imii^.iii ; /,;.•«■„*■ *'»iiiHi(y.*/")(- c.^. .laiiics 
aiiiiiaTi). .Iaiii'< Wannwk, (>■ lavr l.alii'iiiiiiiillL' : 

.I..I111 n'liiilli'.v; l,ii-ni<r /(./,.7/r.,.l.iiii.., DV 1, jl ; 

.1.1'.. Will. \iiiiii>;; .|..<;.<(iiii/, I'aiil I''la\ nail ; .>'"//(. 

K. .MiliMiiaiil: .\s.-<,.,l„i,l. Kmill.. Tiiiv,,it,. ; »;,i,,- 

II. r.<, .1.11111- rilllliili^liaiii (I'll. linn. Ill), Win. I'. .wall, 
lll.l«('..iri-v, .1. A. I'llial.l ; S.,-i;liitl lln.i.'l i,f ir,iln- 
II. r.<, .1. !■'. ('lllinilij;lialii ; .l/.'i.il.(. r, W. Ki'liiii'ih- 
/.'.i(.,S .1 iliii l'..iiii...k; /'.'/;.-. .l/.i./;</,.i/., Maitiii 
ii,iiiii.ixiti,iir.i (•r-nrliri,,). 111.. Ma\..i, I'.iiiiiiv ('..mi 
1 l'..li.i' .Ma-iMiali'. 

■i.-.lfiiv r..iiii. il r..r ls7:i ai.'! .!/.!.( ,,r|iailc.« II. 

■ I ., '(X'i.Iuiia Waiili l|..iac-.. .\|,.|.ii|l, .\ii,li.,.« 

■11, W,.lliiinl.iii War.! .lain.- I.aii.,-, I", i.r l,...Sii..|ii-, 

Ii -.■■■ War.l .I..I111 W. M.lia.-, .L.liii Slrvviiil, A. 

(I'.v W.u.ll ,l..|iii ll.li.-v, 11, ...i-..;.. Ok,,!,., Mi,lia,'l 
^■.ir.l [■',. K. l.aii/.iii. .1. .\. rih-vri,!, ,l,.liii riaii,\ : 
,r.<, \iii.iiia Walil .lam.- ( 'iiiiliiii;_'lialil, Williiii;- 
II. .p.. Sl.ii,...!-,.- W.ii.l) Will, r..tt,iii. (Ill Wai.li 
lllawa War.| K. Ii. I,av.i-.|iirc. 
liii^ lU.- ..I iiil.'n-l ill •■..iiu.'.-li.. 11 Willi ill.' Miiiii.i 
■,■11 r..ti'ri,'.i 1,1 uii.lci' vari..ii- ..lli.-r ii,.a,l'. 'I'll,- iin- 
'il,\ liu^ iiiaii,' i.*, ,i|'i',.iu-c. ,'Vi.r\ wlni'.- a|.|.ar..iil, nii.t 
•ilv |.i-.,v.'U than l.v a p.'iiiMial ..I'llu' liii.iii.ial -tal.- 
..v..ai-. 'I'll,, la-1 i"ll.li-li.>.l 1^77, vvlii.li lli,.n,.|k 
av.-r;i;;,- l'..r tli.- pasl lew vimm i' Ih-I*..!-.. 11^, an. I i- 

..-i/...l V..I111 1 il-,'lr. I'"r,iiii il w,. lialli Ih.il lli,. 

i,.- ,.r ill, I'iu .1111. .mil 1., sj,IS7,:iii'.i.i»i, ,.! wlii.li 
i--n.-.i ,.11 a.. ..nut ..I W.ii..i--\v..rk-. .\:;.iiii..t tlii- 

I ■■<-.;77,."i'.'ii.7l m.i.l.. ii|. ,.r I. ink l..ilii',.'(-. liiii.l- 
ali.l III:.. .11. '.'I, .1 vat,- til,' l.itt,'r il.'iii .ini.ailitinu t,. 
.i.linarv l.i.il.ililii- uii.l .\--,.t- SLUim, m -In.w.s tlic 

,7.'>ii.lil, aii.l III,' I III. r. .'<iill|,lM7 111. Ill' lln' lalt.-r. 
atii..mit ..!' .«ll-,:.'-i).il.-, i< in tli.' ,|ia|.i- ..!' " iiii,-,,!- 
iiiii up. llic P.t.il li.il.iliiic- ail' .'<:.'.:i'.i|.iiii.'i.i;i. .iii.t 
-J,I7-.:1.",. 'I'lii-. li..w.'V,'i', i- Willi. ml ...iiiitiiii; III,. 
I ,,ii W.il,.i.\v,.i'k-. ttlii.li iii.ik.- th.' .'..,1- t,i,.t lip 
.r wlii.li, li.nv.'ViT, ill.' -inn ..f ,■< 1: 11 1,111 1:1. It iir.- 
'I'lii- iiiak^'^ 111.' .'\,'.'-- ..I lial.iliti,'- ft!|lU,'>'>7.i';i, 
i,',.|l.'.'l,',l rat,"," I,,' 11., I ,'t.nni.,l, \- in.'i'i'a-i'.l |,, 
I it a finllni .1111, .111,1 ,,1' ^'!|ll. l'.^:i 7'. i,'p.,rti"l .1- 
l.i' .il-.. l.fl ..nt, til.' li.il.ilili,- will ,.\,'..,'.l 11,,' a>,H,l< 
II. :t! I I--, Til,' ih-iii-- ,',.iiipi'i^in;; tli,' a-'-t'l- ai,- a- 
rk-, .■<l.,,l l.,,iiii : I'.al r-tal,', A'l7i',."iiKi : nn.val.l.' 
C. : r..ll,,|.,i'. I',. 11, !S|i;:l, l">ii.:l."i ; all. 'at'- ..f laxi'«, 
1 aii.'ai'-. .■'I.7!i'>.!i:l : .'i-li I..1I.111. .'-. •X-,:hiii.|.",. 
lilllli.l .iln.M- that ll..li' w.l.' .■<l7l,illl.",..'..". I.',i'iv,'.| 
1 .■<ll;l;.l■.:;a.-^..\plll.l,■,l : al-.. tli.,1 llui'.. w.'iv ,'a-li 

til. l..'^iiiiiiii'^' ami .11.1 i,r tJif v,-ai n'>[ Iiv,.l\ .,|' 

l-i',Ji;7.''n. Till' priniipul it.'iii> ..I' r,'.',i|it- «,i,' : 
III ilk, 1 t,,ll-. nut-, ali,| li'i'li-,'-, .-< IJ,-J7. In : 

-' nu'."i.:;". ; .111. 1 '..iri..ii', -.1 1 Inn. Is an. I .l..|..n 

it. Ill- ..r I'Sp.n.liliin- wi'ii' : l'..li.',' Il.'paiiiii.'iii. 
Ii.pailiiiinl. .Sl'I,:IIJ.:!7 ; I'ily i.ili.ial-, .■'li;. l:'.-.ii7 . 
I". .■^l7,-7ii.:il ; jail .iiul .jiirv .■\p,'ni,'», 81-,:'. 17.11-- ; 
.-^l.-Mi.n:;; piiiitin^', » h.-ni-iiiL;, an. I -tati..ii. r\ , 
vp.iiM'-, .■<:i,i;'"i:!.:!ii : -Ir,,! li'.^lil.'^, .'<l.'i,:ilii.ii.", : 
.«:i:i.^j:i. 1:1 ; I'nl.li,' .s..li.,..l Knii.t. )<:;-|,:',i',7.:i(; ; i;,\. 
,.M:l.n7. 

- ..t" S.pi .-.ill, |s7.S, 111.' I'-liiii.ii,- r,.i |s7!l Well' 
IiU'lioii- iin' pi'..p.i-i..[ in aliii..-t , v.-rv l,ninrli .-I' 
'. till' t'.lal i-liliiali!i r,.i' I--7'.l ImIii.,' l.iu litll,- 

II ..r wliiit wa-. ,'\pi'iiili'il ill 1 --77, 111,' •,iil,v iti'iin 
111 l..iii','tli.' -.'I1....I iiii,'n'-t a, ni;;-. Tli,' ^,.ll.,M- 
a.l..p..t,•,l :- - 

1,111 sjii, 1711 (Hi 

17, .-1:111 nil 

III I7,J-M :il 

I.:i:'.ii nil 

li ;.'.i;c,,i IHi 

1 Ml'.-- IKI 

.1 iiiiin-l ..11 iii,ii't!{iiHc'.'< Ii;.7.',n (Ml 

.■\p..ii-..- --..inn nil 

ni. 1,1- li'.iHKi nn 

i,iipi,.vi'in,'nt< I.|:'.il nil 

I I, Mill (HI 

i!.- .'., . . I, -Jin (HI 

111 7.,in(i (1,1 

1l'.i;::7 ",7 

..11111.- ..I 1X77 ii..t pai.l L' I, Kill 1'.' 

I'li.n.V) (HI 

iiiiii.. ',,, ^,.-l.^ll iKI 

-I 7:i,n(l(l (HI 

. lilnat.'.l n.pliniii.'m.^ USrii.li- :i:i 



T,i laini' lliis iiiiniiiiil a I.v-law «ii.i pa-,«i'.I H.^lli^' llii' inli' tii he 
li'vi.'.l al l!i; iiiilN ..11 ill,' ,|..'llai, .1. r,,ll.,»-: l.'i.al Ml,', :\ mill-; 
t',,lli';;ial.' Iii-tiliit,', I'lnill-; I'nlili, S, |i,,..l nili, :!! inill-. Il i- ex- 
In'Kii'ly sill-.la.'t"i'.v t,i in.li' that inilw illnt.iii,liii;i lli,''»i'\i'i'i' ,li'|iri'«-i,.ti, 

an. I ill,' ,'.,ii-i',|iii'iit aii,| 1 i-ai'V .'Unir.L; .l.nni ..I' I'Xpcii','' in i'V,'i\ 

p,.''-il.l,' .liii'.ti lli.'ii' is 11.. iiiai.rial ,|iir,'n' in tin' -ill,.,. I all,iw- 

aii.'i-. III.' .i/./..n'. /,M,',lii,'li .11 ,iii-iii4 lii.iii llii'ta.'t tli.it ill I --77 l.iiil.l- 

iiii;- wt'ii' ill pi... .'— ..I' I'll ' li.ii w hi. Il li.n.' -in.',' 1 11 ,',.iiii,l.'t,'.l, ami 

an' m.w' in ii-.'. 'I'liis lai't uLiiic sinak- v.ilnni,- l'..i'tli.' wiMl..ni, I'lil.'i- 
|>ii-i', 1111,1 p>iti'i,,ti-iii 1,1 til,' iiiiini, ipal ml, 1 - ,.l tin' I 'apitiil I'ily, 

THE PRESS 

'rii..n;ili Otiaw.i lias li,,!, .'\li,'iii,'l\ pi ilili,' in lli<. pr,.,lin'ti.ni .il' 

n.'W-pap.'i-, l,..tli .1- 1 inil..'i ,111. 1 .iliililv, .\,'l lull "iif siinivi's 

hIiI. h w.l- -t.irt.'.l pi.'vii.ii- 1.1 IMiiii ; ami il .111 ..iil> ,'laiiii an iiti- 
li.|iiii\ ..1 .il.'.iil ,1 tliinl ..I a .'.'iiliii't. 'I'll.' lir-l p.ip.'i' .'V.T pnlilislii',1 
in II.M'.wii ».i- ill.' /„.'./..„./.„', ,'-tal.li«li."l in |s:il, l.y .lani.'s .I..I11,. 
-1,11, al'li'i'viar,!" .M.I'. La III,' r.iintv. Tw., v.ai's lalui, l-':ill, 111,' 

//./(.. , I'll ll,i:,lh was -lat't.'.l l,v |)i. Cliii-ii,-, ,,ii,'' ..I tl l.l.-t in. li ,1 

111,11 ',1' 111,' pla.',', aii.l at ill. Il I 'I'liWli-llip I'l.lk .III. I I 'li'l'k "I III.' 

I'.iiiil. 'I'll.' I.. nil, 1 «'.i- , l,il„'i il |(,iiiii,il. .Ill,, ill,' l.ilt. T r.in-,'ivaliM'. 
I. Ill I...1I1 -....11 -ii.p,'ii,l, .1. 'I'll.' II. 'M -iivii'.l w.l- in l-l:i till' .l,/n.,.i'., 
l.y |lii».s,.ii Kill' l.iil it' ,'\i-t.'ii.'.' «.,- al-,. -lii.ii. 'I'll,' I'ii'l.rl w.i- 
cslal.lisln'.l lali'i' )lniiiu III,' -aiiK' M'.ii >.> .Ml'. Hani-, uli.. was it!i..ril\ 
.ilt,'i'\\,ti'.l- app..iiit.'.l ('r..wii I, an. I- .\^.'iil i"i' I'l'iil'ii'M , wlicti lir .s-ilii 
,,iit 1., .M,— 1'-, Kml ,V 11,11. Ill |s|'.) li,,l,..|'l li.'II i..'.'iiii,' s.,1. pn- 
pii.'l..i', ,111.1 .lnii,'i'.l 111.' nam,' ..I ili, p.ipt.r I,, tli,' (','/,.. n, wlii.li it 
Htill I'i'taiiis, a Tiill ii.'.'i.iinl ..I il- pn.ji.'-. an. I .1. \.'l"|.iiii'iit l.iiii'^ :;i\. 11 
al .in.illiui' pla.'i . 

In l-slA 111.' Oi'.n,./. /,./.( i\a- -tall.. I l.v iLiw-.n K.ii ami W.l'. 

li.'lt, alli'i'Uliinl- im'i^iii:; int.. lli.' /.'.i.7..'.i.( /'.an. an. I alliT'ill. 

-i.linn. 

Ill l-.Vi W. I''. I'.HM'll ,-i.il.li-li,'.| til,' .U..a.n'.'/.,.'. II,' lia,l pn- 
vi,iii-ly ,',lili'.l till' i!„:.ll,, IIS lia.l ,i|s,, Al.-X. ,M,'llil.l. ami .-V^ar 

^'i,'l.^ill;,' ill -II — i.iii, L.-r,,!'.' tliat pap,'i' liiijilh' sii-p,'n.l,',I. In Is.'id 

.Ml'. I'.iw.'ll -..1.1 111,' .U...,'.,'.'i.;.<' 1.1 .Ml. l-'ii.l, win, ,'li.ii,'j,,l it- naiiii' I.. 

Ill,' (.'a. •I'lii'-.umyi.ii' .Ml'. I'.iiik,', s..ti ..I i'..|..ii.'l liiii'k.'. ..f liii'li- 

111. 11. 1, -tail.' I 111,' ■/',/'.",„, ami 111,-,' Iw,, liii.lllv 111. l;;." I t..-.'llii'l' 
nn.l.'i' ill,' I. Ill, 'I iiaim, .iii'l 1111, l,r lli,' pi,,pi i.i.i-liip ..1 1 1'( '..inmr ,v 
r'li.'l. ,iml wa- piil.li-li,"l a- lli,' ..III. i.il li..iiian ( 'alli.ili, ..i;;aii. 

'I'll,' /i.n,.i. 1' \v,i- .'-lal>li-lii'.| in l^.'is, an. I .'..ii.in.l.'.l as .1 w.'i'kly 
n.'W-pap.'i' till l.-^ill, wli.'ii il. Lisiti'il a ilailv ,',liti,,i, .iml i'li.iii;;,',| its 
nam,' t" 111,' U'i'lii .V.ir.«. Il w.is -t.iiti..laii.| alw.ivs ..wn.'.l l.v Aii'livn 

Wil aii.l..t' I.ili' yi'ai- al.lv , '.lit. -.1 l.,\ lii- -..n. Aii.li.'iv r. U1I-..11, 

hIi.i .ln'.l in l'-7:i, sin,,' wlii'li tini,' tin- .V, ..'«, wl.i,li wa- ,.11.,' .1 \i'n 
iiitln.'iitial an. I wi.l.ly . ir. iil.it, -,1 i.,iiiiial, lias n'tr"u'ra.|,''l ; ili,.,i;;li 
il -till I'M-i- aii.l is is-ii,.,l l,i.\v,.,.kl> l.y ll„. ,,ii-inal pi"pri,'l',r. 

'I'll,' T.i"'- ,..mnii'i,L','.i pnl.lii'.ili'.ii ill 1-Ml-i. It w.is tl Ili.'ial 

..r;^ali .,( til.' .\.tiniiii-ll ilL.li, aii.l .1 v..rv .il.U' papiT l,,r -.,111,' it'll .N.'.ifs, 
li,i\ ill'.; .1 « i.li' .'ii.'iil;iti..ii .111.1 ,'\l.'ii-i\.' pati,,n.i^., I'lit it l.il,'l\' -11 — 
p,'n,l.'.l. 

■I'li.'U l'..n..w..l /.. ''.....i.'.i. .ili.'i'w.inls /,, (',,,,,,.,■,,' (|si;i;, il,,. 
/'.','. a,.../ /'..-' (1-117), /'.'.'.,.;«.( .W.../( I --,1-). /••,'.. I\.M l-illl, .\;..,'ai.,y 
(/..../a 1-7:;), a;.'. ..ni,/ .^''.n' (al-. l-7:;,.in.l S/.ni./,i,,/ 1-71). 'I'l,,. 

.W.1.7 S....11 l.,',',iiii.' .il.-..i'l.i'.| in 111.' ■/',i„..<, wliii'li -In.ilU ,1 nil. '.'.I tin. 

(i.,.(-w..,'l.,„ ..r III.' /'..<'.• til.' .s'/.i. ,./.!, '/.iilii I -t.imh ill. .N7.n lli.'k.'n'.l 
mil ; an. I tli.- /'... /'."- "iily M'tiiiiin-. 

'I'll,' r./aa(..i' /.'..'.. II' lii.l .1 ,an','i'. iiitlii, nli.il in il- liin', l.nl 
-I1..1I til,' iiiilii iiy -piiil ,,l ill,' l'..iiiilv 11.. I I., 'inn -inpii;,' iii'.iiiili t.) 
-iipp'.i'l I'Vi'ii a };,|,..l iiiilUaiy papi'i, -mli .1- lln' A', ri. ir ,','i'tainly wa.s. 
'I'lit'i'.' 1.1,' 11. .w tlin'u Kri'ii.'li pill. li. all. Ill'- is-iiiil in ili,. (,'in -i,; 
/''. .'. nW, lii'lni'in, >larli"l in M.iy, I-7-, a- a .'aiii|,aii,'ii sli. ct ; t',:\j,r 
/».. a. i.\( ../.'., i'-talilisli,'il 1-711, a iii,,i,tl,ly ii-iivw iif lit, r.itiii ,■, a>;i'ic'iil- 
lim', .111.1 111.' -.'ii'ii. ,'- 1 <l<r..ll, .(,., /''.ii„r//, ,,, a nli^'i..ii-. Ill, laiy. <ii>l 

lii-ti.ii.'.il -.'ini-iii.»iillily pul.li.'iili..ii, will' It li.'.s 1 11 in f.xi-u.ii.tt f.,i' 

till' pa-1 iiini' M.ii-. 

'I'lii'it'an'ilmt' KukIi-Ii .l.iili,--, lit. //.,,'/./, /',.. /',,.,.., ,ti,., 1 i :,■„ ; 
..ml al-.i.i l»-w.'.'kK. Ill,' /','..(. ,s(,n,( I',,../..../.., , lati'h i-ial. , ; ., I,y 

K. W. i!..w.in, I (1-1. ' I!. 1 1. .wall. til. "I.iili.i ..I (lull. ,-.,1 lit 

Anii'tiia. 

'I'll,' //..'.ii'.' w.l- ..in.mi/t'tl l.y a.l.'inl .Sin.k (',.. in 1-7.'. wiili W. 
II. N.^l. a- in iiia'^.'i', win. Ii.i- -im't' -u.'.'fi'.ltil It, llif pi.,pii,'i..i-liip. 

It 1- an " lli.li I'atlitilii nimi'n'ial li.'tt-i..ip,'i', ' iml,'p,.ii.i,.iil 111 p.ili- 

ti, -. .111.1 .1 iii..iiiiii'j .liiily, Willi w....kl\ .'.liti..i,. 

W.' pi. 's.. 1,1 an illii-llali..li .1 111.' nia,i:nili. , 111 l.n w ii-sl..ii.' liliil.l- 
iii- ,„.npi..ll.v till' iillaw.i lh,;i,i (',7,',.„ l>nl.|isl,iiiM c.inp.iin. 'jl,,. 
(',(..... (Daily ami S.'ini-Wt't'Kly i.- Ilii' .il.U'-l n, rt-p,ip,.i. jiiil.|i.|n..| in 
111.' (Illaiv.'i lli-tl'i.'t. . .inpli-iii;; 111.' I'apital l..'4i'llit'l' Willi ll,,. Ciiinlii-n 

,,1 ('ail. I. .11. iltiaw,!. I.n-i'll, I'l 11, lit iiln w. I,aii.iik. .'ml .S.ailli 

(Innvill,'. Il wa- t-t.il.li-lit.,1 in 1-1:! a. lli.' /'.,.'/./, hiu ,,iil.-t'i|m'iitly 
I'll. ill;;. tl 1.. it- pit-. Ill litlf. .\ l.ti',;,' nnmli.i ..I piiMi.- m.-n han- lil 
vai'i.ai- tinn's l...i.|i .'..nn.'i't.'.l a- pi,,pritt .1- ill.' .aili.-t pr,,iiiiii,'iii 
, ',111,, IS l,t'in« 111, lali' Mav.r Kii.l .iml lli.. lad' l!,,,li,ii |i,.ll, .M.l'. |'|, 
1,. .1 .|i,,i'; tinit' ii'^,., Mr. .1 .M. ( nii'i.i', M.l'.. w.i- .im- ,,{ i!i,' Ifinlin;; 
sli.ii'i'lii.l.lfi-, wli.-n Mr. ('. II. Ma.'kiiil..slias-iinif,l tlit. i..lii..i'.|,ip. Tin' 
('l^'..ll li.is .tUvav- l..'.'ii ...iisi.l. iftl a \,.|y n'li.ilil.. a.lv...,ii.' ..I' tlie 
lillnl.ii an I liiiii.'ril ilitin-t- ..I' llii' Olt.iw.i V.iilfy. In p..liti. , jt Ims 
111. I'll a vij;tii'..ns i..\p..m'nt ..t' I '..ii-i'ivalivi' pfim-ipl.-, ami lias csia- 
liliilii'.l .iiit'iivi.ililt' i'fpiilati..n l.tr -iipplyin- I'.iilv pi.lili..il ami .^i.ntral 
iifws. K,.i' ni.iiiy yt'.it's tlif ..lli.-t' i.f piil.li.'ali..ii was at .'i:! .spafkn 
Sin, 1, l.nl till' ('..nipany Vi'im.v.tl it- l.n-im-s in |-7s ti, ..n.' .it tin' 

liii,'-l ami 111, .-I iiial li..'ali.'ii- in (Itiawa 1(111 .111. 1 Ml- .sipaiks 

Sln'.'t. Till' iii'W t'-lalili-linii'iil i- ilin'r .si,,it.is al.t.vt' tli,' l.a-,iii,'iii 
till' l.itlt'i' lit'iiiL: ii-t'tl a- a pn — i,i,.iii. Ilm' suvi'i.il l.iri;!' -itani pn's-i's 
all' . ..nslaiitly iiinnin^- II. n- ami a T.iylni' tii;;i't|i. i- wiili a lai-yfarmy 
iif small li..i'.l'>n , In.ni wlii.li s..nif i'\.,'ll,.nl «,.i'k i- turn,., I .,11. Tli,. 

pn.'" I i-a iii,..li-l ..r Ufa' lit'--, ami -., airaii'.;".! .. t.. ...'..ii..ini-t. liin.' 

^ -tint' t,r tilt' t'liit'f iliiii;;'. ill a piintin;,' ..iK.f. Tli.' .'iiuint'.n.„ni, wliitli 
t'tiiilaiiiH a ItaxliT In li.ir-.-p.iwi'i' i-nxiMt', liif l.il.liii, i.i.mi ami ni'Ws- 
li.iystl,'liv,'ry an .ill in tin. lia-,'iii.'nt. iippi-..a.'li.sl Innn l,lii,'t'ii Slri'i'l 
l,y 111, '11,- ,,1'., lam' ,'.,niit'i'lili:; tllat -ti'i'fl willi tlif i.lli,,.. 1 m ili,. iii.-| 
Ilili tai-.'.l al..ivt' Sparks SI n'.'l .il.i.iii »,.v,'i, li'.t III,' t.iisin,.,. ,,iii,.,., 
ni,iiia.;iii;j flittir'-, .111. 1 n'purl.is' nniiiis ai'i' Lain. I llii.-.' Liim; litu.tl up 
in a f .iiil'ti'lal'l.' .111.1 suli.st mii.il niaiinii', i'\. 1 v la.'liity l.t'iii'.; im.vi.lt'il 
liir easy t'.iniiniini.ali.tii w-illi llif pn— nnitnii l„.|.,w, an. I tli.' i'.an|..i'.i- 
t..i's' .li'|..iitiiii'iil .ili.vi'. 'I'll,. s,.,.,n,l Hat ri'.,iii ill,. I,.i...|ii..|ii I- ..iciipii-il 
l,y lln.' n.'ws .111.1 p.l, n„,iii- III.'-,- ihiiii; ,.ln.iial.ly iiraiiLi.'.i ami -iip- 
plit',1 with I'Vi'ry .1, ,',iiiiiii,iilatiiiii. Tin' itm-.l tl.ii i-.ils.. ,i,.,'iipi,;tl l,y Juli 



fife 



■M^ 



x.w. 



HISTORICAL sKi:rc 



iiii'l iii'vv. hiiil". All i,'i'lliiT, 111.' (Vliiii hiK •<ct iiii ixiimi.li' llial 
Miit(lil wi'll 111' Ifilliiwi'il liv utlh-r {MiMinliiii); Ihmiwi thi' ■■iii|i|iivi'i'-i 
iii'iii,' l'iiiril<lii'i| Willi ■iiilMluiili.il .i|iirlini'nt- in wliivh tu iln lln ir wmk, 
mill till' imlilii' iviT) riiin'iiiiMii c I'll' Ininiiiilin;^ liii-iiiii-i wi'li |iriMn|i- 
titmli' iiiiil il.'-|i.ilcli. 'I'liii iii.iiiiyi'Pn.'iil liii- |iiil '"illi oviiv ill"!! In 
liiiiiiitiiiii till' liii.iii.i il iiili,'i-ily iif till' i-t.ilili-liiiiiiil, mill rrmii Iho 
vixmir mill iiiiiin'-l in ^-i iiiuiiili'^ii'il it ii I'Viili'iil lliry iiiil-t -uri'i/i'il, fur 

tlm ('id.. 11 li.K ii|i|iiiri'iilly I tim ntii' iil' ((iiuwuh' iiinliliilinii'', it" in- 

lliuin iiiilli iHi.illy miil']i')liiiiMllv, lu'iiiifii. kimwliilpil l,y nil rlii-'.i'*. 

Mr. L'. II. M.i. Iiinlii-'i, iinw ( I'-Tli)' Muynr i.f (Mliiwii, h llu' I'.nlriilliii',' 

all.llillul'li'l- ill III.' iu^lllul Ilii ll.ivilli,' I II rollllrrliil willl IIh' 

' ir ,!.» ;n !■ liliir I'lir -uvi'ial yi'm'.», amt iinw liiililiii;{ llii' im-iliiiii nf Oliiil' 
Kiliiiir mill I'lilili-lii'i'. 

Till' /'V.. I'r.u, ii< ali.iv.1 iiol.'il, wih i'-lal.lislii..| in IHi;:! Iiy Mi'i-ri. 

Mil. lull 1^ I'lirii.T. Till' lii-'.ny 111' lliii |iii|.ri- Inn lin- H' "I run- 

liiiiii.il .i.lviiiiri', mill llii. aliilil'v an.l iiiti r|iri.ii' iniiiii'ili'.l Willi il^ 
iiiaiia;jciii.'iil "laiiiii Mr. ('. W. .Milrlnll, ili iircin'iil |irii|irii'l'ii, a- a 
livi' iii'«'ii,i|ii'r man. Tlnuiuli Ui'I'iiriii in |iiililii'i, tlm /'Vn /V.,<ii iu'Vit 
yavii .1 -laviili -ii|.|iiirl In lllf parlv iml rVi li wlu-li tin' Maiki'll/ii' 
A.liiiilii'.li'ati..ii w.i^ ill iiiiwi'i', mill r.iviiii..l tl xiilliaii iiiitiirii^i' |iiiiiliii;^i 
ami ailv<'rli«iiij |imr..iia.'i' ;ilw.i\^ l.ikiii.,' .in iii.|r|irii.|. iil vh'W i.l .ill 



■ llli'-li.il." alli'clili:; llii' WiHalu iif llir [n 



il larv,"'. mi'l .ulvm' iIihk' il< 



Mi'iii ill a ilvli' »liiili I'l'iiili'i'i'il llii> imiriial iit mn'i' |iii|iiilar ami in- 
lliliiili.il ,i-'i- |ir.i\i'.l liy till, r.ii't llial' allli.iiii^li llii' Cilv i.inil.nva an.l 
lliu <.iri.inii.liii^ I 'iiiiiily nl' C.irlil.iii .u.' .'V. .•|iliiinally -Irmi;; in I 'mi-iT- 
valivi' -t'lilimini, vil lln- AV.. /'r..-i iii.iinl.iin.^ niinli tin' l.ir^'i'-l lir- 
I'lilatiuii 111 .ill llii' iii'W-iiaiH'ri al lln- ( '.i|iiial, .in.l |>i'iili.ili|y ^'iiali'r lli.iii 
all iitliiT- luinlani'.l ilial ..I'lli" il.iily I'.liliiiii In iii>; uM-r :i..~iOi<, .iinl nl' 

till' Hiikly iivi'r l.iHKI, ur marly ••.iUKi l.qi.||i,.|'. 'I'lni i-laMi-li nl 

i~ Hill. I wiili all llii' iii'iili'rn iiniiriivi'iiii'iil-, «lii. Ii i ..iiiliiiii' t" in ilili' 

III., h'rcr ;'/■.<. I'rinliii..il'ii. In I in II .ill * II Is 111' w.irk Inini "iliiil;;ii.i " 

til lln- I I'lali.ilali'ly ^Jnlli'li ii|i -li.iw I. ills, ainl In.ln lln' -ni.illi -I 

)imii|ilil.'i I.I III.' I.ir<^i'-t iilli. ml iv|ii.it- nr Inxt-I k-, with tin- ilui-i' 

p.ii.inniMiiI rliatiii'li'i'l-lii's >.. .stilllr ■ laininil liy nvniy prinliii;; I'.sl.il.ll-li- 
nniil, Ml -11 -villi. Ill ri'ally altaiiii'.l liy any "nnaliii'--, i hnaiiiii'-s. .iinl 
ilr-|i.ili'li." Till' h'l-" l'ri.vi wa- r.iiiiii-i'ly ft nnirniii;,' iiapi'i' ; i-nli-r- 
ipU'iilly il is-iicil li.itli a iii.iriiiu;; ami I'VriiiiiK clilinii, ami imw il 
i— niH ail cvi'iiiii;; mlili .ii niily. 

THE CITY OF HULL. 

.\!lliiiii^'li sr|iaiali..l tr.iiii nilau.i l.y a ^Tnat rivir, ami allln.ut'li in a 
ililliivnl |...|iinMl ilui-i..M i.rilii. D.iininiiin, Ml Hull n.iliii.illv. an.l 

liy lln- l.ii I 111. nin-l.iii.i'-. a--i-i- tlic jmlitn-al ili-limln.in win. Ii 

Mjiai.ili' 11 li'..iii III.' ('a|iilal. iil «lii. Ii il i.H virliially in iniivli a |iart a.s 
any .in. I iii..i'i' lli.iii -uini. i.f llm s||t,ii|.|is siirrunmliii;: it nn tin' hiuiIIi 
-Inilij. I''i.l llii- li-.i-i.ii al..ii.' Hull ili'-i-nx's a iilaci- lii'-i.li' (Mtau.l ill 
mi\ wiiik .1. -i;;in'.l l.i I..' ,1 lii-l..iy ..I llii' lallir ; I. ill nnui' parli. iil.iilv 
I.. I 111.' I. a-.. II ih.il 1.1 .ill lln- li.li ...iiiilry ..rUi.' 'liLiwa Vall.y, wiili in 
I 'itii's, 'r,n\ n-, ami Villii^is il- mini- ami mill-, ils I'ai'lmii.s ami wmk- 
-li..|i-, ami II- ^'ir.il I'Mi'iil .il lliirkU |ii.piilati'.l iiKrirnltiiral li.iiili.rv, 
llli' Cilv i.r Hull liail a " Imal lial.ilall.in ami a li.ilin', " lull;.. Iirln'iv 
I 111' i-.iiln-l i.tall .illii'i -I'll li'lin 111- ami ii.allv a yrm rali.ni l...fiiii' tin' 
inri'pli.in 1.1' llii' 1,'iial I'nlilir W.nk wlii.li ;:,im' liirlli In Oilawa. 

Kvir\ nil., kii.iw- ih.ii riiil.'iin.n Wri^lil wa- llin f.mmlir nl' Mnll : 
I. lit rvi'i'y line ill. I'- iml kiinw tin' . ii. nni-l.im r- cmiin'rlril \ulli it- i-.irly 
lii-lnry ami winil nn.ii' iiili'ii'-liii),' I'Viiit than tin' Iniimlih^' nl a 
t-ily / nrwiiat nnui' ph'.i-in;; In ii'MII tn limn ilin i'\p.-rii'nri'- nl' tliu 
I'allii'i- nf niir riiiiiiliy ' tlm iin'ii wlin.si' wisiinin, mirr^^y, ami iiianli- 

III'-- liaM' I Iili.l iiii.i I..IIII. ami lilt n- a- a h _'ai'y, mn' i.f tlm Hni'-l 

I'l'.v in.l'- 111 .111 Knipiri' ..ii wlii. h thf -itii l.ir i-vni -liiin'-. 

Ml'. \\ liulil wa- an Aimiii'aii ^.'iiilli.in.in, hnrii in ITi'.n, al \V..l.iirii, 
M.i-sa.liii-ril- Ili- iiini-lnr- ha\ iin; i-inij^raifil In. in tin' r.iiinly nf 
K.iit, in I'ji.'lan.l. Atliailnl. pml.alily, l.y ( liiicral .Sinn un's rrn.l.iina- 
1 11.11, .iml •• Inning a lalLir faliill\ l.. pinviiii' I'nr." ii- hu -aiil, ln'ililii- 
miiir.l In II imivi. til ('ana. 1. 1 ; ami with lli.il ..lip. it in \ i.-w rani" In 
Mniiliial in ITiMi tn pr..-p.<l I. r a l.i. atimi. .Sm in^; iintliiii^'In -ml liiiu, 
111' ri'liii'iR'il III Wnliiirii I'niiiin^,' liark tn Ciiiiaila thn in'.\t vi'ur, ITItT. 
ami i'\p|.iiiiiL; till. Si. Lawi'i'ini' I'liiintry a- far ilnwii a- yiu'liii- ; whi.li 
lining -till nii-ali-f.n'li.rv, Im i..iiin' up ili.. (irainl liiM.r, i.xpL.riiin 111.. 
I. mil ..II hnlh -i.li'- a- l:ir a- lln' ■rnwu-lup ..f Hull. Ilul l.iiii- -nil uu- 
ili'iiili'il, tIn.iiLili liaiiin;,' tnwai.l- 111.' niiaH.i Valliy a- a ili-ir.il.li' phn n 
f.ir -I'ltli'ini'til, In- ri'turiii'il ii;;aiii tn Wnliurn, ami in ITll"^ a^'ain rami' up 
Ilii'UttaWii ; ami this vi-it lln.r.ui^'hly -ali-liril hiiiinf llii' v.iliic ami ini- 

p'.ilam f III.' Iniaiinii. II.' w.is paili.'iilaily -liink with tlm iiniiii'ii-i' 

i|uaniiiii'- nf lim- tiinl.i'i, ami .1.1. iinin.'.l ..11 .III iinnir.liali' -rttlrini'ul ; l.iil 
i.iiii'luiiiiii;,'l.i Wnliurn, 111' w.i- iinalili' I" liiri' iiu'ii In^'.i -n larln-ynml tin' 
liniiml- ..f riiili/ali.iii llm plan- lii'iiij; nvi'r mi niili-. finiii lln. "ii.iiliin.s 
..f till' sL'ttli'iiii'iit-. Hi' siiri'i'.'ilcil, hiiwcvt'i', in i'ii;;anin>,. twn ii'li.iliK. 
ni'i..|ili..i- I.I n.i wilh him. \ ii'W tlm rniiiitiy, ami r<p..rl In ilii'ir fii.inl- 
.111 llnir nliirn In.ni... 'I'lny arrivn.! ,ii llm Cliamlii'ii' (l.t. l-t. ITIH) 
(III.. Iliir.| vi-il l..r .\li. Wright , -pi'lil '.'Idlay- in rxpliirin^ tin' 'r..Hu- 
-liiji nf Hull, ami ri'liiniiil with -mli a -ali-lin tnry ri'pnrl thai .Mr, 
U'ii.:;lil h.nl in. .Iilli. iillv in prnriiriiin all thr nim hi' wL-ln'il. II. at 
nil.'.' hi I I'll Si 111. -II. ami >;allii'iiii^ l..;;..tlii'i' niill-iiniis, a\t'-, -.'vtlii'-. i-i. .. 
i'li'..lii' -l.irli'.l Willi 1 I In.i-is, M iiMii. 7 .h.i;,.lis, ami livi. ii'iiiri' l.inii- 
lii'- ihi' liaiii Ii.iiil; l.i.nl. .1 wilh p..rk. Il.'iir, ,L;raiii, ami all niri--arv 
-up|ilii'-. I.i:i\ini; U'..l.urii nil llm ilml Fnliruary, IMiii. tlmv anivml iii 
.Mniilr.'.il ..II III.' Imh : whi'in n, afli-r a -Imrl -lay, limy pi'nii'i'ih'.l mi 
ilmir r..iiii., .urivin- al III.. I'.irlln-I -i.ttli'ini'iit-, I'lml mil nf all r.iail-, 
nil llm iii^hi nf ih.' Ihir.l .lay -liavin;iyi'l nvi'r -mi mill's In aci'nni|ili-li 

tlir..il.,.|i a Ini.'.l «l,iri., Iiinl llii'lv 1 1'l mail-, tlmv wnillil liavn lu'i'ii 

iiiip.i-alili' I'liiii Ihi' ^'ivilh .li'plh .if smiw. Aflnr alnni-l iinK'si'ril.alili! 
.lillhulli.-, I'litlili.i,' .111.1 lin-.ikili;,' in.nl-. -hi.pili;,' in tin' simw, uli-., ili-., 
limy f.iiiml il iinp.K-ilih. t.. a.UaiU'i' ihr.iuj^h llm fnii.-l. ami Innk tn tlii' 
irc—^'iiiiliil liy a slian^.' Iiiiliin. wlnnii limy nii't in tin I'mi'st, f.ir six 
nf llm last ilavs nf thnirjiiui'imy. Tlmv arlivml at tlm Chaii.lii.ii', Iniw- 

I'V.'r. with. .ill a.', i. I. '111. 1.11 tlm 7lli \lar.li, "ami inn lial.lv." -avs 

Mr. U'ri-ln. "wilh lli.' ■i--is|,iin f all li.imls wn h'll.'.l lln- li;s| tr,','- . 

" I'nr iMiy p|.|-..ii ih.it W.IS al.li' In 11-1' an a\i' I'lnlraviUiil ami a— i-lml 
" in rlltlill;;." 

Clnippiii^' ami I'li'iiiiii!,' I iiiii.mi..l al .nn'.', ami with ^rnal vii,'..r ; 

mill with iis lui'iiiiiiii 111 r.iiiii' llii' Imlimis fmiii llmir ailjaniit 

'• sllLjarii's ' I.I Will. I, r an.l a.linii'i'. Timy li.i.l a ;ir,-M pnw-wnw rn- 
I'l'ivi'.l i-a.li a .li.i.hm nf rum, ami ii'liri-.l liappv. Tlmv . .uiliinii'il v.-iy 
Irii'iiilly Inraliniil 10 .lay,-, ii'i-niviiiK siniill pii'-i'iits. ami niakiii;.' i.'liirin 

nf sii;;ar ami vi'iii-.n,, .Siinii, Iniwi'Vci', I iiiiii^; ili— ali-liiil, limy pni- 

ruii'il an inlirprili'r miiiii'il iJi-.i. ISrnwii, a rh'i'k nf llm Nni'-Wn-t Kiir 
C'li., whn ha.l in.iriii'ilaii linliaii wninaii ; ami coming ilnwn In tliu little 



-illlriiiinl III -nil prill I's.sii.ii, ili'imiiiili'il, tin 

aullniiilv llm pali'liicii- wi'ii' iiillnij; il'.wii lli 

I -.inn 111 llmir l-ml. Tlm piirli'\. 

\VriL;lil, w.i- aiiin-iiij,'. I i..<li il Ihif.ili' I 

HUnm a si'iimi. ■Ii.iiai'li.r. Tin' -lllislain f 

t.il.l liy Ml. \Vii;..hl tli.il his millniiilv ». 
I''atlmr inrn— tlm w.itnr. ami limn Sir .Inhii 
Till v alli'i'liil mil 111 linlii'M' Ih.il linn iln.il l-'.illi 

In .l...|inv Ilii'ir -iiKariis ami liiiiilini< « mis w 

lln III, .Iinl aiU 1-1 1| llm pahla. i- l.i " takn .i walk. 
Ih.il m.lhniL; h.nl l.i'i'ii m wnuM lu'iliiim wilhnul p 

wniil.l l.i. pi.i.l ..I wli.'ii ii'i-nlarly ..illi'.l Inr 

111.' « hill'-.. I llnir pliipi'lly wiulhl Im imnli' nmul 
Inililnii,' ha. k llnir ynarlv iliii's. Aflii .i Miy 

liii-im-s wa- liinpnr.irily -ii'llliil liy pr i-in- 

-n^Ml llli'V rmihl lliaki', hIu'I'iIiv lln'V wmil.l In 
.Mmilii'.il'. 

U'lmii llm -ii;;ar m'liHiin wa- rnii«lii'i| tin. jmii.i 
lln. I, .111.1 ill. iiiaiiili'il Kivi' I'liiiinls Inr il, » In. ' 
111 iii>; wnrlli iii.iny liiiii's iliat am. unit ; wlmii lli 
tliir -inn i.fc<:l<i l.ir llmir liinl.'t. Tlii- nai llin 
I. .11^ .■"IIII. il ; hut .Mr, WiiKiil wa- liiiii km.ai 
»ii\ in III.' h.i-l. In iiii;;lil as tt.ll slip ii..Hii . 

pl.'.lin-i'il llnill In X'l I" 'M"lllll''ll tn -I'V Sll .I'llll 

iii.inii." ami aliiiln hy his ili'risimi. Tlm Imliaii- 
i''iii-i-.|Uiiilly a'.'i'i'i'il, ami ('mim'il .S'n, '.' w.is 
III. ..Ill,' A.i'ni.llli:! Ill pl.iini-i' .Mr, \Vii;;hl v n 
in ilim I'.iiir-i. wilh a iin -si„... Ir.iiii Sii J.iliii l.i tin 
III. It limy iiiii-l lint aiimiy Ihn p.ilnlari'- ; wln'ii'iip' 
I'lil 1.1. k- hailnil .Mr. Wri..tlil at a I 'liinf, .nnl i r..w 

llm mill, iw.s ki 1 liini tlm "liravi's " Inirii'il II 

f..uml ami ii.>li.niii ri-ri'iiinnii's- .iml limy I'im.sIi'iI 
pirlv I'll a H...k nil all llm .l.'ln'.nii- nf an ali..ii;;i 
iln^'.iml iiiiisk rat tn lir.iili..l lattli'-naki' ami -kuiil 
lli'iiri'f.irlli .Mr, Wri;;lil, us a I 'liml', w,is imvi'r 
lining ni'iit mi sw innnin^^ly. His cullli' I. ink t.i t 

nil lii.iw-.. ami iii-hi'.s, I.. r whi.li llmv .1 ilmi ^'n.. 

w.iy Irniii M..iiiii',il. Kvi'iyllini^; wiiil wnll, ami 

lii-l -I'.i-.li III llml.a.kw Is ..I I'ana.lami. thus 

" M'ar I '■nil was -piiil in rli'.niii}< laml, liuil.lin^'. : 
''ami iiints. Aiming' lln lallir wnii' almiil l.imii 
" wliii h wi. pill int. I llm Kmiiml I., kiip tin in tin 

" iniln|.|l|||,||..|\ , ... i||.(.|i ih.lt HI' In-l till' Wllnli' I 

" -I. nil. 1 III Ih.. hi'ilnl Ih.. niiiuiiil. \Vi- pnp.iii.l 
" an.l s.iwi.l 7ii liii-lmls mi 7ii -l.itnti' inn-, ami | 
" spiiii;^ wimal aliil pnas ; l.isi.h's -pcmlin^; a -j 
" tr.iv.'lliii;,' li,i. k ami f.irlli tn Mniilnal f.u pmvi-i 
111 llm winiir nf l-iHi-l .Ml. Wright t....L all h; 
ii'i hack 1.1 \\'..linrii, paiiithriii nil, .iml jirn.uri'il 
till' nl.l ..Ills 11 tiirni'il a M'ar l.itir ami |...ik I. nnl- I 
llm -prin^'.if I.Hiil 111. Miwiil ;tii aiiis nf -piiii^' 
.Maii'Ii ; .111.1 in tlm anlinun his wim.il i-rnp Inn 
III .11 fill.. I his li.irii (T.'i\;liivlH) ; .iml wlnn it w 
i.iii.si.lii.ilily nvir :i.niiii liii-ln.j.. Tin- wlnal takn 
1-iir.il ai'iv yii lih'il i-vaitly 111 l.ii-lnl-, Hiirinn i 
vi-yi'il llm r.'.wn-hip nl lliill, pl,u'iii„. :tT7 pn-l-. i 
■sL', I:;'.! .1111'- lln- -ill viy rn-lni:.. liilii .1I..1I1I XlKln- 
a. 1 ..lint nf llm li.iliiii'aii iininiii;,' at an iin^li' thr..i 
Tlm -.iiim anluinn. " allnr 1 l..-iiin l.ill wmk. I i--ii 
'• any ptrs..ii win. nml.'iHlnn.l l.iriiiiii;; ami wisln..l 
" 1.1' siipplii'il mi appli.'.iti.iii In 1111- nil inU.iiii 
" wniilil il-.i li'inl llmiii wlii'.it ami .illmr -iiil mil 
'' -nllirnnl ipiantity mi tlmir i.wii larnis in mp-ii 
liliiial i.imlitiniis tlm-i'llli'iimiit ;;iv« ami prnspin 
Wii^ht l.uiil .1 nil-i-iiiill, wlii.h a.lih'it nun li i.i hi 
cniiMu.i.ii. . - I.f Ih.. wlmli' -illliini'iil. 

In l-li:i Im I. mil a-aw-niill al a r.isl nf i','<nii ; 
hi'iiip-inill al a cn-t nf .£;lnii, u lilarksinith simp 
piiis lit li.lliiws, wiirki'il hy walii-pnWL'r, a -Inu' 
.simp, ami a l.ir;,'i' li.iki'iy. " lii.f..ii. 1 n-ialili 
" lir.iiichi's, " ■,i\s .Mr, \\ii!;hl. " 1 w,is nl.|i^',,l |, 
" nvi'iy lillli' arli.'li. in irnii-wnrk nr ntlmr lliii 
*' Wlmii I •-niinni'ticril llmsc works tlu' nuniliiT nf 
•• was alimil 7,"i, iiinn;,'i'il in llm iliU'i'mnt nmihanin 

" lull', I al- iiiiiii'iK'.il a lanniry mi a hiini. 

" N.w \'..lk a c'\ limhr Inr >;iiii.liii^' Lark, .Irivi-n I 

'' I'ninnn.n 1 iiiakim^ mails ami luiililiii;,' luiil^ji.s,' 

in l-siili, whi'ii .Mr. Wiinlit .niiiiimni'iil llm lir-i In 
Oilawa Vallny, nmli'r rir. unislamns narrati'il In 
Iiinil.rr inliri'-ts. 

In l.sifs a n|.,,,it ini-fnrlinm happi'inil tlm -I'lllc 
I.f wiii. h W(. will lit Mr. Wi'i-lit till in Ins nwii 
'■ iiali'ly hir iim, mi llm --lli nf .May, iMis, niy mil 
'' iiiv iiiills iinly, lint a larj,;n ipiaiitily nf Imaiils an 
" pii'paiiir;,' h.r llm l,liii'l.i't inarkcl. ' I hail m.l a 
'• l..r my ii-n Hilh.iiit lithnrilmppiiiK il wilh an 
" fr.iiii a .li-lam 1' nf nvnr ^0 liiih's, nxri-pl wlial w 
" This hiss was iiiii-t si'VL'i'i'ly |',.i|, ami rami' vni-y 
" si'lth'iimnl, Tii.'rn was im iii-iiraiirn I'lli'ftfil 111 
" l.i-s, imli'i'il, iiiaiU' nil' alnin-l .h-pair nf nvnr rn. 

" any I'urthi'r ;: I iip..ii tlm si'tthnmni ; ami I w.i 

" my Mills a.lvisn.l nm mil In ilcspair." Il -hnul 
tlmsi: wi'ii' nni-lly in-w tiiills, I.111I1 partlv in t 
iiiii's (imlinliiii; llm Ininp-niill) wlii.h w. rn ai'i'iili 
aftnr tlm Ininp-inill was cmcUil. .Mr. Wiinhi 
" alsii a In-s ti. ilio whiih' scltli'iin'lll. as llm nrnali'i 
" in tlm mill, ami Inirnl, wilh tlm I'.M'i.piimi nf -,■ 
" whirh wa-lakiii llniiliiiln llm ni(..ht pinvLnis ; 

" iiii'asi.iiii.il l.y tills ..ii.i.hnl w.is I I alli-Llill^'. 

" lull.;; allnal w.i- -avuil, ami wilh it 1 .■.mm In (,i 
" a.s siHiii as piis-ililn, c.iiiiiiu'iii'i..l a ii.'W .saw-inilt 
" wmk I I'.iiilil i.l.tain, ami linisliiiii,' llm mill in 
" whi.h, I rnnnmiuiil a nrist-inill, wliirli was alsi 
" nf iln'yiar. Uiirin^jthis pt'iiml we were nliline 
" I'lniii .Slmilreal. " 

lli'iu'efmlli alfairs pr.ispereil at llm Hull seitle 
Wri.ijiil liail iiinvereil fniiii the hiss (iffmir years 111 
men enipliiyeil in the tinilier luisiiie-.s, ami mi llm 
Ills variuiis simps. In IHlll he yreatly I'.'ilemleil 



(ICAL SKK'iCll OF nil- 



I ^iili'Miii iirniixKioii, iIl'IiiiiiiiIi'iI, ttii'iiiiuli llniuij, li.v »liut 

!■■ iiiili'fiieu- Wi'U' iiilliMH ■I'Uvii llhir w I iiiul l.ikui;,' 

,1 tlicii I ■ml. Till' piiili'>. .1- ivlii.-.l li> Ml'. 
•• uiim''iii),', lii'iiinli il llii'iuli'iii"! .il "in' tiiin' l" n-- 

Ml- ilhinii'liT. 'I'lir -nli»liiiii r il ttiK lluil tlifV "in- 

I, \ViiL;lil tli.il lii- iiulli.Milv wa> Imm tlirir llrnit 

< IIk' W.lli'l, IIUM lluMI Sir ,Ii>Imi .lnllll>HII (llMlillll .\;j<'llt). 

I imjI III lii'iii'Vi- lli.il llh'ir iln.it Tillii'i' h.piiM -iipI ,iiiv uiic 
ii'ir ^n)(iiiii'^ mill liiiiitiiiK Kiniimli witliniil llr^l cuii.-iilliiih' 
Ivi^iil llii' |«ilcliii i» !•! " luki- .1 wiilli.' riu'V «i'ii' aii-tti ri'l 

ll.lil li'l-ll ul niilllrl Im'cI ' Witliulll |i|.i|'i I ,|lllll'>lilV, »lih 11 I 

kIiii'i'iI whi'ii ii'u'Mliirlv 'mII<'<I liir ; iiii4 iImI iiiiv iii|iiiy In | 

llhil |1I"|PI'|I\ Hiilll.i 111' III. nil' K I li\ .S|| ,N>|||I .lolill-"!!, 

; llii-ir Vfiiilv ilih-''. Allii ii vi-iy I'Hr.; •• (■iiiin il " lliu 

- ei'iii|nir.ii'ily hi-IIIiiI l>y |irniiii<iii)!; Iliiiii i.i-li Inr nil tin- 
mill iiiiikc, »lii'i'i'l>v llii'V HiMilil liu siW'l IJM' jiiiiiiicv III ' 

I 

- -ii^'iir HiMMiiii wi|.i tiiiinlinl llif li)<li.iii.H liri>ii.;lil in llif |ii'ii- ! 

illlMllili'il KlVI' I'nilllil- till' il, wlliill U'lli I'I'llilllv |iin I il 

ni.iiiy liiiiii Ihiil iiiii'iiiiil : wlu'ii llii>y ili'iii.iii.liil lln liii'' 
i<;lii lni' llii'ir IiihIh. Tlii- »ih iIik lii'},'iiiiiiii:; •<! iiiiMilnr 
; liiil .Ml'. Wright wa-liiiii liiiMU in^ Unit it' lii' niii •- ;4iivi' 

il-l. Ill' llli;,'llt II' WillKlrp il'iHIl .lllii iillt. Mo IliiWi'VI'l' 

III III K" >" .M"i>li'''i'l li>>i'>' Sii iliiliii iliiliii-iiii 'Mill' iii'M 
iiliiiji' iiy hi" ilrci^imi. Tin' liuliiin- hhhH' I.v Sir ,l"liii. in. I 
• M:;ri'i-ii, mill Cnnni'il .N". '.' \\m iiiljuniiii'il llll •• in \l 
•i.i'.jiin; III IniiiiiiM. .\Ii'. \Vii;ilil v. Ill ; mill ivtniiM'il ii;,miii 

' Willi II lll<'-<l;.'i> ll'iilll Sll Jillll III till' lll.ji IIK. til llh' I lli'i I 
l-l lliil liniliiy llll' [i.llrliiri-s ; wlli-M'llliun llii'V timk .1 illtti'l- 
lli'il .Ml'. NVl'l^lll an ,1 I'llirl, .Mill I i'ii»'lli'i| llilll ila .-lli'.ll Jill 

.i I llilll till' "lii.ivi'<" liur:nl lliii li.ilrlii'l Willi |ii.i- 

ili'iiin riTi'iiiiiiiiii<- .iiiil llii'V ri'.i.»li'il .Mr. \\'i'iL.'lii Miiij hi- 
ii'i'k nil nil llll' ili'lii'.icii'- III all alii'ii^iiiiil i ki'ihi. , li'iin r ..i-l 
k rat III lii'iiili'il iiillti'-iiaki' nii'l -kiiiik. 
Ill Mr. Wii^lit, a-i a I 'liii'l', w.i- iii'Vit liiuli'sli'il, ainl l-vii|'\- 

'II 'U iiiimiii;4ly. Hi-i'allli' limk In iIu'W U ainl ,:tr\\ l.ii 

III I'li-lii'.i, liirH'liii 11 tlii'V ili'-i'ili'ii n I liiiv t. lull-ill ,i|| II, i. 

I'lilii'iil. l-!\'t'iylliiii;.' wi'iil vvi'lt, aiiil lln: ii[ii'ialiiiii- nl tin' 

II till! Iiiirkwiiiiili III I'.inaila ail' iliiH ^intiini'il up ; -" Tin' 
tt'it -I'l'iil ill I'liaiin;; I. mil, lniililiii^, ami lai-iii;; vc^clalili ■> 

.Vnnill;,' llll lattir will' atiiiill I, null Ini-lu'l- i>l lu'tlllni'^, 
|illl illl'i lllu Xliilllnl III ki'l'|i llli'lii tlii'iill;jll III,' u-iiili'1'l, lilll 
li'lv, .-11 ili'|.|i llial U'C In-I till' ulli'lr III ttnlll ti\ li't.i'ir.l- 

llii' hill lit llll' >;ri. mill. \Vi' |.i'.'|iarii| l.iinl r.ir' lall wlnii, 
7ii liil-ln'U nil 711 -1. llilll' ail'i'-, ami |ni'|iaii'.| ;iii ai.'li - tm' 
I'.il ami I'l'a- ; tn.-iilr- .-|pi'iiiliiif,' a ^'iv it ili'ai nl linn' in 
liark ami I'nrlli In MniilKal I'm' iiri'ViM'i,.. 
iiiti'i'iit l'-iMi.| .Ml. Wn-lil Innk all In- nii'ii win. wi-ln.l in 
Wntinni, paiil llii'iii ntl. ami inm imil th'.li liamls. Mn.i nt 
Il Inlliiil a Mai l.ilil' ami l""k l.iml- Itmn M i. \\ ii..'|ii. |i, 
I l.'<ii| 111' ^nwi'.l .•ill a.li',1 III -iniii;,' winat a- .lulv a- 
I III llll' aiilunin liis ulii'al >'i'n|i tun atii'- in all I'm- nmri' 
lis li.irii (7.'i\:lii\IH) ; .iml wlnn n w.i< ilii'i',li,',|, ^ i,.|,|,',| 

"Vi'i-:!, tiii-lii'l-. 'I'lu'wlnal laki'ii limii a -iiiu'li' iiii'a- 

Ml Mill I \. II lly III lai-liil-, liinin- ili.n aiitiiiiin li,. -iir- 

wii-lii|i III Hull, |il,ii'iii^' :t77 |i"-t-, ilrtiniii;; it- limii- a- 

llii' -iirviy ti^lmn llilll aliniil XIKin— lii'iiii,' i'-\|ii'n-iM' mi 

llatiiii'aii iiiiiiiiii;; al an aii^li' Itirmi^li ji^ intiii' Imi^lli. 

iiimi. "atli'i iln-inn t.ill wmk, I i-iiiil a miiiliialimi llial 

wlm iimli'i.il I t.iriiiiui^ ami wisilit'l In nlii.iin l.iml w.nilil 

il mi a|i|ilir,iliiiii In nil' mi aiU.int,i;;i'nii- i,.nii- : ami I 
li'lnl tlnlii ttlii'al ami iitln'l' i-i'i'il until limy imilil i.ii-i- a 
ii.iiititv nil lliiir nwn I'.inii- In rti|iay iiii'. " riiili'r i1h'-i' 
nil- till' -I'llli'imnl liii'W mill |ii'n«|i, rill ; ami In l^ll;; .\li. 
1 nii-t null, wliii'li ailili'il iiiinli In hi- nwn jii'nlit- ami lln' 
I llll' whnli' -I'tlh'iMi'nl. 

liiiill a -aw-niill at a rn.^t nl' X.'^ihi : ami in Irtnl i ii.t' ,1 .i 

1 1'n-l nl' iMiiii, a I'lark-niilh .-lin|i with 4 Im'j^i's ami I 

w-^, wmkt'il liv wali'i-iinwi'i', a -liiii'iji.iki'i--lin|i, a tailm- 

l.u-i' li.iki'iy. "liirm,. 1 ,.-t.il,li.h,.,| il liir,ii.|ii 

ly- .Mr. Wii-lil, "I Will iil.lin,il lu ...,, i,, M,,Mti','al f..i' 
ailii'li' ill iinii-wmk m- nihil' ihiiii;, I .sinnil in iu'l'iI nf. 
iini'iicnl tlii'-i' wnrks tin.' iinniliii' nf nii'ii in mv I'liipl'iv 
, i'n,i:ii.;;i'il in llii' ilill'iTi'iil nii'ih.'iniiiil InuU'- ami a^innl- 
I'liiMiiii'in'.il a laninry mi a l.iin,. .,,.,1,., ntn.iinii,^. Ii.,,ii, 
1 cyliiiilii' till' niimliii;; hark, iliivin liy MaliT-iiiiwi'i ; ami 

1 liiakiii:; liiaili ami Imililinn l.iiiln,,^,"' '|'|,|„ ihi,,.^^ .| | 

.Mr. Wrinhi,,,! m iil llii' lir-i InniluT liii-iiii'-- in lln- 

, nmli'i' .'Hi 11111-1,11111'- naii.iti'.l in i ..niii'i'iimi wiih ih,. 

nnat iiii-tmliiiii' liaii|ii'ni il Ihi' -iltli'ini'iit, tin- |.ai li'lllal- 

»ili III Ml. Wi'i-lit llll ill hi- i.wn wniiU:-" fill',. llll- 

1', mi llir '-111 III .May, liii'-, my mill.- Wdiv liiirni,aii'l imi 

ly. lull a hii'ni' iiiiantily nt Imaiil- ami plank', wlinli wiiv 

I' ihi' l,liH'l,i't inaiki'l. I hail iml r -iu-li! |ii>'t'L' nt Imalil 

wiihmit >'illii'rrliii|i|iiiif; it with an a\i' m' (.liiaininn it 

in..' i.t'nvi r Mt mill'-, I'M'i'pl what wai mi my IniiMiii;,-- 

1- liin-l -I'V.'ii'ly hit, .null anil' vmy liial' ili'-lim iii^- lln.' 

'riii'ii' wa- ill. in-nrami' I'th'i'ti'il I'.ii Ih.' mill-, ami llii-. 

1, niaiU' 111.' alnm-t il. '"pair III' I'Vi'i' r.'.'i.vi'iinn it. ..r.l.iiiin 

mill upmi 111.' i.'lll.nn'iil ; ami I w.i- alimil tn .|iiii ji, tuu 

-I'll nil' lint In ili'spair. ' Il -limil.l l.i. ni,.nuiin..,l thai 

■-lly iii'vv mill-, l.iiilt partly in lli.' pla..' .il' iin,',' cil,| 

Tiu till' Innip-inill) whi.li wiri' ai'i'i.liiit.illy liiimi -!im!lv 

I' mill wiK I'l't'cU'it. Mr. \Vrin|ii .'onli'iiui'i : "It wa'- 

' IliL' wlinli' M'lth'nii'iil.as till) ni'i'ak'r part nl niir I'mii u.i- 

ami liunit, with 111,' ..x.i'piimi i.r -..vi'ii lui-ln'l- .,|' i|i„ir, 

ik.'ii thiri'trmn tin- iiij.ilit pii'vi.iii- ; ami In -i-.' llm ili.iii'». 

liylhii ai'iiili'iii H.I- inn-i atl'i'L'tin';. 'I'lii. .-.pi.iri' Uiiil.i'r 

wa- Nivi'il, ami with it I .taiiii' l.i t^iu'lii'i', anil ri'tiirniiij' 

n—ilih, cmiiiiu'iii'iil a iii'W .NUV-iiiill ---|.|iinn ,||| haml.s in 

M I'lilain, ami liiiislijii'.,' tilt' iniM in iln ,hu- ; altrr ilnin.; 

inimn.'.'.l a ^;rist-niill, wlii.h w.i- .il-.i tiiii-h..i| m tin. K.iU 

Uiinii;,'tlii- pi'rin.l wi' «..|.' nt.li.'i'il in I, hi, nil |,l,,^ i.i,,n- 

I'l'al.' 

I allairs prnspoi'i'il at till' Hull -.'itli'iiii nt. liv 1--I:; .Mi. 

vnv.'i.'il frmii th.' I. limn y.'.iish.nk.aml h.i.l.il. ut Inn 

il in till- liniliir lui-ini'-.-, ,iml mi tin' Liriii-, h.-iil,- ih,,.-,' in 
p«. Ill IHia hi' grually I'.vli'inli'.l npi'ialimis Iniildiiiy 



limi' - t .1 hi- III 11. llll" aii'l liriil;{i'", ii\li'ii"lvi' liiirii", uliiil", I'lit., nml 

a " 1,1141' ili'lilhri I'nrti) with I'M'i'V arliih' iii'i'i'"'.ary fur lln' i'"luli 

" li-liiii"iil, «•! h .1 -111' I III I li'i'l Imij, iiii'l liniuli I'l'i ivi' ihi' waiih. 

" lir Ihi' hiiiii'lil III till' latlli' ami Im^'-.. ' lln laiinin,:,' ..luialimi" iH'ii.' 
al-.i .il.'i'i'-l'iil. Ill' -.iv. ; " .\l till' lllliillili;; nf lliliilnm.^ «'' lin'a^illi .1 

" np.l.n.NI l.ii-li.l-. Thi'-i' ;),IHI'i hii-hi'l t iiH' *J,lliH) tnr whnlil 

" Hii« ntli'ii'il Hli,iiiKi wlniv It -t I till' prni' ln'iliK llilll mi iiiiniini nt 

" till' «',ir. ' 

It i. nniii' aiy tnrlln'i tn Inllnw tlin prnKf-H nl llir -iltli nniil 

Ihimiijli all it" i|i'Vi'|ii(iiiii'iil", Hliii'h li.in' 1 niitiii I with I'litaihly iiml 

-li'ailim— , llll till' ll'iilll tn-ilay in a iiiaiiiifa. Iiiiin;j .lly nf liinlinj; mil 1 

I'l iiml iiiipiiitaini'. What i- almv.' -lal.'il imu tm ri.illili'il »•> liti'ially 

i.'i I in I'Vi'iy p.irii.iil.ir lu'inn ilin .iili-laiin' i.l ,:ii anniiiil »;i\i'ii 

iiui-miallv I.v Mr, Wil);lil in hin .'\nniiliiilniii lu'lni'i' a I 'iiiiiinitt .1 

ilii' llnii-i' III .\-"i'iiilil.\ nl i.nwi'i Caiiaila 111 Di'i., I--:!!!. I 'mn I'niin); 

.\li'. \Vii(;lil Inin-ill, till- ari'''i'l>| t limim, hmii'nly, ami Iriii' inaiili. 

Ill'-" till' pi'iiii'i'r nf till' litii wi, ami lli.' fmimlii ..fu City wn i:aii lull 
I'.p.'il till' ..li-i'r\atiiiii" 111' a I ' II ii'iit.ilnr, wli" -,iy- (l■^7n .■ " I'p In 
•' IH24 llii- iially I'.'in.nkalih' man Innl, 111 lit ,Min-, rhainl ,'t,iil)0 m ii'" 
" n. l.iii t, anl III Ih.il yi ar w.i- Ihi' hwiht nf I hir/i' lann- in nln .ninn. 
"ally l,|nii Imi- nf li.iy ■ hail 7011 111 r. - ill wl'iiiii ami innl-, with .-Im k 
" ami pu-liii.i/' ill pinpnrtinii, whili' hi" Iniililiiiy- wni' valui'il at 
'■ i'l'',L'.'i7 ; mill ll.i' "iiiii li'lal nl hi." hiriii-, -Imk, ami l.iiii.liiij;» nl 
" i'.'i7,UilH I."m. lint 111' hail ihiiio iimr.' than lln.-. lli' h.nl i.pi'iinl 
" 11 III- Inr.i ili-lmii'i-' nf liu llilll'" llnnuli tin' h.wt'r 'r..wn-lnp», alniij; 
" till' HUM' -hull' In .Miiiilii'.il, ami li.nl Innll tin' Villau" "1 ^^ iixlit (iinw 
" I l''7ii| Ihi' Tnwii III Hull), pli'.i-mitly -iluati'il, .1.111 h-i.i-t aii).'ii nf 
" ih'i Tnwii-liip, I'mitaiiiin^; .1 h.iiiil-miii' ihiinli Willi a -i.i'pl.' I JO fi'.i 
" huh, ,1 .'ninlmtalili' Imli'l, ami -iH'i.il ntlni' piihlii- iilitii-. -. In l-ia-* 

" till' p'.piil.itin ii-i-|iil all t I'litiuly III .\iiii'ri,mi-, ami a uiil.il 

" t'l l,i"ill. Hull thru hail :i -rlmul-, 2 tann.'ri.'-, 1:,' linn kiln-, 1 -aw- 
"mill-, H .li-lilh-rn,'.". ami ..th.-r ni,iiiiila. I.un • tn . nrii-pmnl, Ni,w 
" (l■^7ll till' p.ipiilalinli i- I'hii'lly Knin li (.'.inailian nltli.iii;,'li lln' nilii.) 
" npiiil- am .Niin-riraii" nr lliuir ili'-v.inliiiil- .iml niii-i-i- nf ali.'iit 
".".,111111; ilii'i'i' li'iii^ l,llnn limi-i -, iai;,'.' -li.'.ini l.ii|..ri.-, ami all tin: 

"iMil.'-ii. — iiy tnr u lliiiviii„'.iimiiniiiily. .Mr. Wiixhl i" luiiii'il in 

" iln-liltli' I'l'iiii'iirv nil till' .\yiiii'r llnail, Wi'.-I»ai'.l ..f tin- Tnwii wlmli 
" In. I'.iiiml.'.l i ha\ III;; iliml full nf yi'.ir- ami lii.linr.1, haviiin li.himl 
" llilll till' liappv iinnimv nf a I'aiiit.' iiii-iillii'il, ami .1 n iiin' iinp.ri-li' 
•• alili." 

Of .Mr, Wri-ht'- .l.'-wml.inl" mil- Ki'i'"'l-"ii. ^^ in. .M' K'ly Wrinlit, 

.M.I' pi.'-.'iit- ill.' Cniiiity nf I'miliai', I'.i,!., ami aiiii|lii''r, .\lnn/n 

\Vii.ilit, .M.I'., tin- rmiiily nf Ottawa, l'.t,i . in tin' Hmi-i. nf Cmninmi-. 
li.illi ail' ininn'ii-.'ly pnpuJ.n i;i'nlli'iin'ii. Tin' lalter i-laniiliarl.i kiinHii 

»- till' •' Kni^ nf till' 'I'll 111. " mill «a- nliiimil at lli.. j;iii. km i-Ui ■ 

limi nf l>7'i liy till' lai>:i'-l in.ipiiity U'ciM-.l hy anv -inii'--liil r,nli.i- 
nnnl.iry .amliilatL' in tliv llnMiiiiimi. 

Hnil h.nl nil I'.xi-li' .i" a -I'p.iiati' I'nipm.ilimi till IS7.'i, liavinu 

liii'ii up In that limi' a pail nf tin' Tnttii-hip nl thi' ..inn. imhh', r,.r 

hiiri - iiiniiii ipal. Il w.i- iin'irpni.iti'il a" thi'Tily nl Hull. In.w.vir, 

I.v Cap. 7;i III llll' I'liivim iai Si.itiiti- ui l,»ili'li..'.', mi llm i'.-.ih 
K.'l.ruarv nf lln' ulmvi' yari ami llm Inllnw iiii( Hi-ntli'inili I'mnpi.-i'il ilm 

lir-t I'itv •'nrpiiraliiiii ; .W.i.Km- I) P. .Mar-tmi, Sr.i ..|'./«i/,i, a -K. 

.1. I''.iiilkii.'i, S. .\. Triiili'll, D.iinii'ii Knln r, Clia-. Ili'lmlu, I'Mwanl 
,Siiiia\-, r. ('. Iliii.-li.nii, Will. Fi'i-ly, II. ,1. linlni, F. .\, [■;, (i.mihur , 
.S. '.-/'."n. .1. O. .\ic'hainli.iiill, -llll 'I'lli'il liulnii' till' i'\iiii,ilimi nt ilii' 
iiai li\ I. II. I..1I. rriiii', M'lni -till ii'laiii" llm p.i-iiinii. Tin' .l/.i.ni,- |nr 
1-711 W.I- II. .1. liii'lii-r ; ami Inr !>'77, I '. ( '. liiiuhaii.. Tim Cihi (•,„■■ 
^.m'.id'mi ami iiili, ndt I'nr I -7'' ill.' a- lu'lnw :- .l/ni/..,' I ". K. I liiihuni • 
.l/'/.n,-.. K. li. Kihlv, Ch.i-, L.'llm, C. W. |,m,|, i;,,,, ,1. .Mar-lmi, 
Si'., f. I'. Ilni-li.im, J'!, il'ii. il'iii'-min.'ii--, A. Km Imn, W. II, i.ymi-, i'. 
|i I'lii'iii'; /.'.'.'I'i'/i.' ,1. \. Clianipa;;!!!; ; .'"..'.. •/',•.,(,. iiinrrf, ./, ,,f' 
/,'.,■.„',(.,■'.<( '..Ill'* 1. (1. I..iti'rrii'i'i' ; ( W;/ /I'livi'inir -.Inlm A. .Siinw"; 
.W.n/..^i.,.i/ /.'.'., ...I /„..;.' i''i. I'll,,./ (■/,„,„/;■„/„., .i^,,,,,!, Saltir; Ju.li- 
(,,,., Alii'l \\.ili'i-,li. O. V. .Vi.lniiin. 

'I'll ' .'.xt.'iil nf ar.'a I'.iinjiii-iiin tin' City liniiiA i" ih'-mil,. ,| in th.' .\, 1 
..f lii.i'rpmatimi a» lii'iii^ (.111- 1 t" 7, inclu^ivi', in tin- itiil ami tih 
Haii.^i", ami part- nf l.nt" I In 4, imlu-ivi', nf thv ,'illi liaiiKo nf lliu 
T.iwn-hipnf Hull, ami all iliac p'.ilinii nf lliv Tnwii-liip i,f Tnnpli'tnii 
hill'.; In ihu wi'-t nf till' Initilnan. 

Till' a-i'-i'il viiliiiiiii'ii nf till' 1 iiy i- .•?lll) l,I;i7.IHI. wliith i- piul.al.ly 
h'-a Ihaii iiiu' iiumti'i ' 1 iliv ii.il valiin a." an iii-l.inii' nl wliiih, llm 
I'M'ly prnpi'ily almii' i- v.iliii'il at i.vi'r fi|,noii,(ll)(i, tlmiinh a-i ssiil I'nr 
i.nlyStnl.iiOii.OI). Till' I'ulilii- liiipi'..vi'1111'iil" iuiluili' thii'i' niaiKi! in 
ilillrii'iii p.iii" III till' City . till- I lly Iltli. I'" liiin..; Ill tin ..n.' kmiwii a- 

" Mull .M. Ilk. '1 " ; ami a .-.'Wi'ia;.'!' -y-l.ni, i-tiu.li .1 pvim-ipally in 

1-77, .liiiiii;; w'lii.'h year .iv.r s<il,lini)'«i r.' .]iiiii mi tin. wmk. The 
• til I'l" an in f^nnil rmnlitinii, ami .luring; th.' -am.' y. .ir .'*.'i, Hi.'i wmn 
i'\p. inli'il mi -i.h'Walk-, ilnlipi'lnlt'lil nl l.u.;.' almunit- ivpi'inl..! l,v pii- 
val.' p.irli.'-. 'I'll.' City ha" a V.iliiiil.'i.'r l-'ii.' It.'iiaitniinl nf iiaml- 
I'li^'im-. in a'hliii.iii In win. Ii tln'y liavr an arnin^iiinnl a- tn the n.ii' nf 
till' I'Mily liii^a.l.' that '.i.iitk.iuaii li.iviiin a liri...|.',inii.r nf lii- nwii, • 
ami .1 lai'^i' .iml I'lliiii'til Firi' l!ri;;a'li'. Uiiriii.;,' lln- pa-t yi-ar llm Cni'- i 
pni'.ilinii inii-lnirli'.l a l.ii';;.' iiiiinliii lit hv.li'.ihia ilii.iiulii.ni th,. Cjtv [ 
tnr a "iipply nf w.il.'i Inr till' purpn-.'-, Tlir pnpul.ili.iii -I'.ni In I.e a 

p.irli.iil.'iilv law-aMilin,' I , a- mily tlini' pnliiiimii ar.' I'.'.piin.l tn 

.nlni'i'i' .1 'llll' .ili-i'iv.im .' nf till' .statin.'-. 

Tin- I'Mii.'.ilii.n.il ami lli'li>;iiiii" iiii.'i. -t- ar.' . r.'ilital.lv ri'pru.-i'iiti'il. 
Thi'i.' i-a It. c. Ciilniilral, .rr.t.'.l l.y Ih.' Ol.l.ii Falhii- at a .-..-t Imr- 
ili'iin,- nil "i.'.0, 111)11.111), al'i.'-l.yti'rian,' .111.1 an Kpi-inpal I'liin.h. Tin' 
(Ir.y .Sini" h.iv.' .1 Viiiiii.n l.,i.iit"' Ai'i.h my in -ii.n'— lul npi'iatimi a 
-pl.'ii.liil, larv;.' hiiik i-ililici', lapai.lc nf ai. niiiinnilaliiii; nv.r InO 
.-Iml. 111". Tli.!i.',ii.';i iiin.l.'l ".'lnii.l"(I I'nr l.nvs anil 1 fnr yirl-), ami II 
I'l.'imnlaiy -.•h.inl- (.". Inr l...ys ami li fnr \i'\t\~}. umhr .'h,ii>;.' .,f ih.' 
.s.'hiinl C.iiiinii--ii iii'i." ; .iiid I lar^-i- "clmnl, I'mnpii-iiif,' :i iliihnnl 
l.niiirh.'", .'niilrnll.'.l l.y .h.' " Di-i'iiliiiil .Minmily Silii.nl Itnanl." Thv 
lalliTmi' l':-.t.'-taiil S' Inml", ,..ri'«'-p.iii.liii^' with' tlu' 1{. c. Sepaiatt' 
S.iir.,.|- nf Oiilarin ; ami lli.' f.irmi'r i'nirv"p..ii.l with llu' Oiiliiriu I'ul.lic 

S.'hnnl". 

Till' iii.iiinl.il llll'.'" uf till' city, nhiili nrii vi'iy I'Xti'nsivi', an- i-liiilly 
ill r..niii'i'li..ii with f..i'i'"t pr.i.liul", ami Imvu Ili-ii n.firr.il tn in thV 
itkilili nf till' linnl.i'i int,'i,-i-, Tli..r.. ar.' in a.l.lilimi iw v.rv i'\i.n- 
.-i\.' tlniii' null- ihii-inf II. .M.'C.nniik A S.ui ami .Milaml .V K.-pliii; 
uliii.' Wii.u'hl- Mill.' ami C.'in.nt \V..ik" aiv animi;; thr tim-i ami iin."t 
I'Sii 11-ivi' nt ih.' kiml ill till' L'liintry: ami ,1. H, H.iiiih li.i- a lain.' 
linnitiir.' latimy -iviiin iinplnynu'iil tn 11 nn-i't niiiiilu r nf liainl-. HiPll 
i- 111 t.iit a inaiiul.i.iiniii,! City - ami a" mk'Ii, l.i'lmu- in-i'iaiialiU lo 
Oltaw.i, a" il lilll". il-n 111 il"i'miinii'i'.'ial i.Iali.ni", th.- wlinl.'s.li', ainl a 
nn'al.T p.iriimi nf Ih.' i.lail, Iraili' la-iiij; ilmiu with the nu'ivhaiits nf tliu 



^ 



COUNTY OF CAKLHrON 



('ii|>iliil ; lli'iii^li lliKri' arr ii iiuiiil>i'i nl llin' xtiii'i- mm iIh' N.ulli Slmrr. 
H<\\\t( till' l>i'|»'>l iiikI iihm'iit ti'iiiiiini- 111 Ihfi^. ,M, (). .Vii. It. It., 

XIIMtiKlllily HI lllKlllt"-* ll.l<-|irMII(JII|l lull'th'lll.lllv ill till llU'li'lll'tWI'l'll 
lllt.l»j|.llli| M'Mlllviil iilhl till' Ka-I tlli'ilHIilhii' Ik'Ihi'i'II till' I'lillillli'l- 
< till iiihl I'ollti'.il iiii'li'>i|Mili> lirlii.- Kliiirli'iii'il liy till' IH'W I'liiitc III 117 
liiili"<. 

'I'll" rmiiitv t'"mi''ll mI' Diliiwit ('Miiiily iii>'<i iit Mull. iiltlh'U^li Avl- 
iiii'r, "< nil I'" ii|> till' IlltiiWii. i< I III' I'IfJ' /In M "I till' iMI.iuii |li-li'i.'l, iii- 
I hl'liii){ llli' I' iiliilii'ii III' Oil. Ill I mill I'liiiliiii'. 'rlli<il);li fi'illnlril Ikiik 
iilli'i' Hull, .\\ Imi'i u.Kiiiriii'iiiiniti'il li'iiK> li'l'iii' It, liiriiiNin^ a 'I'liwii 

im .liilv JDlli, lilT, uilli t'liai'lii .H\ III • iii il-. tii'>l Mavr. It !• llii' 

,Iii'li> lal .'^I'.it III till' Oi-li'Ut, iiii't till' .lail ami I'miit llmi-i' ainl .ill llii' 
I'lllilir iilll'i", ari' liiTi' I'll ati'il. It H a |ili'a>.iiil T'lvcii nl' 'i.iMHi iiili.ilii. 
taiil-i, li.iviii^' t li'),<ra|ilii'' aii'l ilailv iiiiil larililii'-, a ('"iiviiil nl llir 
tJii'V Null-, rti'ViT.il ^."1,1 Hi-li'i ill. a iiiiiiilii'r "I tiiii' rliiiuhi'i, ,'|iiii"t nl 
all kiiiiU, lii--t-ial.' Iiiili'li, lai^i' i«li'aiii iiiilU, iiiaiiv i'\ri'riliii^'l\ tiiii- 
|ii'i\ali' r. 'liili'ii' i'<, ami a l.ir^i' iiiiiiiln'i' iil' |iriiri'>.>liiiial iiiiii. .iinl nii'ii ni- 
f;a^ -i| ill -killi'l iii'>i-liaiiiral ui'ciiiiatiniii. 

I'lii' |iiii<|ii'iily III Hull lii'iii;; -'I mtv lar^i'ly ili'|ii'iiil>'iil ii|i'iii llu' 
liiiiiiirr ti.ili'. ol i''iiir-i' till' liiali-i Willi llial iiiti'ii'it ; aii'l tin ri'ii'iit 
ili'{iir--i'iii lia< ijiiili' ii.iiiii'.illv lia'l II- iiillii' ii'i' "II till' |il.i' I' ami tn -<i 
^'iV'it an rxti'iit li.Hi' iiii|iiii|iili'iM-< I ill iiiii-laiiii"< .'iii-innil tn Hi ii'tanl- 
iiii'iit, that altli'iii;{li It I'liit'iiiii''! ll),Uiiii -"ill- nliiii iii"ii'|i"ralt'il in 
l-'T'i. ill |iinii|laliiiii at till' lurM'iit liiiii' l'.in'l> n-arln", "".imO. 'I'ln' t'ily 

i* ria I uilli oil iwa iiti'li'i' till' U.VL'i'iiliiiiial l'ii-la);i> Uatr« .Vet, ami in 

mail an. I ti'li'^'i.i|iliic I'aiililii'- linn lliv iii"-t aii>|i|i' aur<iiiimiiil.iliiiii. 
'riiiTi'.in- 111 my i'\ii'|iti"iiaUy liiu' -.ilnnlian n-iilciKri iii tlii'I'ily, wliirli 
i- a vi'iy iiU'.i-aiit iilai'i- In livi- in .it llii? -aiiif tinii* Ity l.ir tin- iii"«t ini- 
I'liit'iiit iiiiiiii'li "I till' ('ajiilal, ami alliigi'tlii'ia City iiulti' wmlliy nl' 
|ii'r|i<'Iilaliiiij till nii'imny "I -" imbliia IniimliT an I'liili'iimii Wiinlit. 

NEW EDINBURQU 

Tlii* iiiriir|iiii'at''il villa^i' i- a vi'iy iiii|iiiriaiit hiiIiiii'Ii nl tin' ('ity nf 
Ottawa. It it i-iliiali'il in tlio wi'-ti'in inrni'i' nf tin' T'lnii'-liiii nl nini|. 
I I'-tiT, nf wliiili it «a-aii.irt iiulil I --(Hi, iliiiiii^- wliu'li yi'iir it wuk iii- 
'■"l'|".l.il,"l liy -I'l'iial .\ft nl I'.il li.iliii'lll. 

Till' laiiil iivi'i' wliiili itH .lU'a I'xlinil-i »ii« ni'l^iiiinlly a pni'l nf llii' 
(•itati! nf linn. Tliii',. Ml Kay, f.ir many yuari mii' nf ilm \,n lin^ men nf 
till' i.htawa Valli'y iiailiciilaily tli'' iii'ii,'liliiMii'liiiiiil n| |)|,| Itytnwii -in 
all iii.ittur- ti'ii'liii),' t'l till ili'\>.'ln|iiiii'iil nf tlii- '•I'.ii'in nf till' Kiiintry. 
Hi' vv,!- II Si'ni.liniaii liy liiilli, 'iml a ■niiii'-iniiinn liy tiiuli', wlm I'll lu- 
ll. iiiv laml a-i liavi' tlinii-.iii'li "I "ilii'i- li.'fiii'i' ami uimi' lii- liiin' - 

j r, tlimuli Willi a ulnii' nf natiir.il n I i|iialilii» wliirli twin:* cuiiiint 

liiiy, I'lil liy tlir a|i|>linitinii nf wliiili tlii'y i an alwaV'-lii' nlilaini'ij. 

Aniniii; tin- liiHt ini'dianii'- w Im llni-kuil in llytnirn tn wnrk mi tlic 
Ini'k- nf till' laiial «a- llii- man, wlm wa- ili'-liin'l alinwanl- In lu'i'mm. 

n|H' nf tllU Cllil'f 'ili/ill* nf tlu' -lll'.H'"{lli'lll I'.llUt.ll nf til,' lialinli. U |-i 

tnl'l nf liini tlial nil III- iiilVL'iit tn llyliiwn lii< Ii.kI aliinlnti'ly nnlliiii); iif 
his nwii, I'.Ni-i'pt till' I'lnthe'i mi wni'i- aiiil u cnniinnii iiiuHnn'.- trnwi*l ; 
wliilii nllii-i^ wli" ilaini tn kimw |iailiriilaily ,l"liii Itnlnii.inii, imw 
nf Ni-|,",iii. Willi kiii'W liini ill lii- iLiliv l.iinl, an<l w.i- lii" Ini-riiian 
ami rniili li iiti.il 'li'ik fi T n.-ai- I'lnr yi-ar- iliiiiiij^ tin- laiililin;,' nf i|i,. 
I'll I'lWii L,'ik»—iiuy that 111' liail iii.i'ii' l'|ii,l)iK( -ti'iliii:; Innn ii'iitrails 

w:il'll 111' liail l'nm|i|i'tl''l nil till' l.li'llini- I." ki ln'fnlv t'nniill;,' In Hyinwn. 

H "Wi'Vii' tliat iii'iy lu'.lu' imnii'ili.itily inm iiii'il rinplnynii'iit cm tliu ftniii' 
lMi'l;,'i'.iilL'iwaril- iiaiii"l tln' S,i|i|iii'. |iri.l-i',ilii'n lu-iii'.,' Iiiiilt liy (.'ul. liy. 
Till' .itiiry ;,•"!•- thii «li"ii tlu' n ri'immy "I |ila'iiig tin' rn|ii'-.tnni' t.ink 
l.liiin', iiinli'r till' |n'in.iiial -iipi)i»i-inn nf (.'nl. liy, a ililli' nlly w.ii iincx- 
|ii'Oti'i|ly I'licnuiiti'ii'il. wlii'li iaii-i''l two nr lliiii' iiii-iiii'i.'--l'iil attuiii|ilii 
I' 111! ina.li- wlii'H'ii|ioii mil' III tin' wnrkiiii'ii jiiiiii'i'il fnivv.ircl, iniii^;, 
•• Siii|,a liiili', aii'l III til ii in ilH |ila'i.', " at till' -aiMi' tiiin' suiliii- tlii' 
aii'iii t" till' wni'il, aii'l |il.ii'iiii,' ill'' ki'y--'l"iii: with tln' ;,'ri' ii,'-t a|i|i.iri'iit 
tail'. Tn thi-i ai't, pi'rf'iinie i at llii' nppnriiinc innnutil, Tliniiia- .McK.iy 
— whn w.n till! will' pel■fnl■lllill^' it -"Wi"l hi- fuiiiii- ■-iii-ii-i : fnr tin rcby 
lii-i sa^M' ily ami i|iiiik pi'iv.'pli'Hi wi'ii- lii.niiilit liil.iri' tlu' imtici' nf 
C"!. liy, w h.i -aw in him .i in. in llimniinlily iimli-rntamliii;; tin' prai.li' al 
pari- "f .1 ill i-'in'.i Iraili', ami wli"-,!' I'lii-luy 'n' lightly |iiil;^i'il -limilit ri'- 
i-'ininii'ii'l liiui a-i tlif "iie t'l iii.ina^'- Ilni Iniil'liii.; nf thu Imk-, tlii-n 
aliniii li. inn iniiimi'iiriil. Till' ri-nli "f it all wa- that .Mr .M' K.iy -U'.- 
I'll! Ii''l ill "lit.iinin^' till' i-mitlai't fur ill.' Inlililili^ nf lln- I", k-- al priri-i 
ha-i! I up. Ill llii' -iipp i-ilimi tli.il till' -1 ami -ami wii,' tn In; jiim nri"! 

finlll ll'r Nnllll .'^ilnr.'. .Sllli-i'pli'lllly, llirull(;ll hi- intllll'lu'l! Willi Cnl. 

liy, hi' sill' ei'ili-i'l ill having a i I'llain i.l.iii f tin' i' nitiait .illi'ii'.l, hy 

w'lii'h 111- was iillnwi'il In pi-'K-iiri' lIu' niitiTial anywin-ii' In: pli-aM-'l, 

wilh'Mit anv r,'.|ii' linii in tin' si'ili' 'if piiii .in>l a< lir w.i- ahh- tn grl 

aiiv ili'-iiiii i|iiaiitily in tin- iiniiii' li it" vi'iiiiiy In tlii' In.k-, the rnn- 
tT.i.'t liirni'l mil an i-vd'o'lin^ly ri'iiiiiii'i'.itivi' nni'. Thii wa* lliu I'nuii- 
ilaiiiiii iif hi- -jii'at fmniiii'. wliiili w.i- fimii tiiiii' In liiui' iini'i'aii'il hy 
pnili'iit aii.l fm-tiiii.ili' -pi'iil.iiiiiii- in ii-.il I'-t.ili'. 

Alninit lii-i lii-t vin'iii'i' in llii- lini: w.i- thi- piirrha-i' nf «oiiit! l.tKHI 
a;ii'i nf laml liiiiimli''l nn lliu -niilh-wi-*! ami nnith-wt'-t hy tlip Kiili'.i.i 
aii'l OtI.iwa llivi'i- -fi"iii tlii' i' 'riii-r nf wlii' h i-itato llii' pnrtiiin imw 
I'.rniiny lln; ini'irpofalLil VillaKi! nf N'l-iv Ki|iiihurt;h was -alisunui-iiily 
taki'ii. 

Till' I'nilv lii.-lniy nf ilii-i vilhiiic i- very inliinalt'ly i'h'iitilii'il with 
that nf Ml. MiKay. Snnii aflrr hi- imrih.i-i' nf tin' aluni' pnipi.Tty he 
liiiill a -aw-niill mi tlii' -ite imw n. mpiiil hy Ilia' klnmi A' i 'n'l. wnulh'u 
mill- ; am! -Imitlv afiiT a L;ii-t-iiiill in rh.-i' pi'ixiiuilv. The 

" Ni'W I'Minli'.ir-h Slill-," nwni'.l l.y .M.l.'lvi it A C.... mi tin- Ottawa 

si'h' "f llii' Riili'in -wi'ii: al.-*" miHiiially huill hy him. Ui- wealth ami 
the poiiii'iii whii h .iilarhi'il to it tnm'thri witii hi- pi-r.-mial ubilitii.'i, 
h'l him iiiln p.irtii'ipiiinn in piililii' allaii-. Hi' wa- tlu' tir-l Wanli'ii 
nf Ihi' l)i-lrii I nf |i,ill,mi-ii', in IH4'.' a pn-ilimi tn whi. h tin' iniiiin- 
li'iii- will' till 11 'h"-' M hv til'- il'ivi'iii'ir. Ill' «n- ihi' n-pii'.siiit.ilivL' in 
till' l.i'Lii-l.ilivi' A-"iiili|y fnr ihi'C'iiiMly nf Uii--i'll. ami -nn-iiiui'iitly a 
mi'inhi'i- nf till' l.iii^i-laliVi' (.Niumil. Hi' liiiilt.aml mriipii'il a- lii.i ri'ti- 

lll'liri', tllu pli-rlll nlliiial ll'-illi'llei' "f till' llnvi Tllnljlil'lli'lal. " liiili'ail 

ilall." Il,-ilii'.| fnllnf yi-ar- ami hmim-. ami mil "f ii f.iiiilly nf live 
s'lyi aii'l f'i'.ir ilaiiLjIili-r-, iinin- "f llii- fnriiii-r iiiiiaiii tn piip.'tnati' tlm 
lianii- nf mi' of tin- lu-l -pi rinii'li- nf I 'anaila - -I'll-liiaih' nun. Oiii! wan 
ilrnwnuil ill thi' Ott.iwa, ami tlini' nllii'if ilii'il in e.irly m.iiilinn'l. The 
mil' wh'i liiii;;i'-t .-nrvivi'il wa> Charles, an ntlirer nf thf lli^ihhimlers, 
whi-i'iAL"! with ili.itiiii'llmi thiiiii.;li Imli.i in tin' ihn- nf tin' Sepny 
niiitinv, ami pi'ifnnin'il '.^illant -'rvi-e at l.iirkiinw ami Dilhi. The 
milv 111 hi- ilail;.'hti'ri « li ' ^I'tthil in thi' vii iiiilv n| llnir hnmi' were 
Mr-. Claik, nf New I'Minllir^h, ami Mi-. T. C. Ki-.fer - wih- nf the eele- 
hrati'il i'!i''iiiei-'r. 



Kmiii till' iiinniinl nl lu^-ini'-- lairn-il mi, aii'l tin- iin| 
li'iiilini'il al New Kiliiiliiiruli, li\ .Mr. ,M< Kay, it i* in t tn 
al that It Vi'iv earli a-'-iimi'il ipiiti' ii \illa;;i' air. .Siii' 

»ilr -I'tlle'l Iheli' plevi "II- t'l IHl'J, when tin- IH'W Hi-lli 

Wire till' fi||iiHiii;.i : .liiiiii'i .Mhii -li"i iii.iki r , ,l"hii 
pi'iiler), .laiiii'i lll.n kl'iini, Itnhiit lllai kl'iini, llinni 

(r.ll'ler*', Itlylhi' i Iter , .lallle* Hi-'ietl weaver , iliih' 

lli'eiiiiaii (i per , Miili.ii'l llri'iiiiiiii, linker ilnlliii i 

(f.iniii'r). Clia-, llrav milhr . IhnHin. (-I'liiki'i'i'ii I, ( i 
t'.irr tt.illiirl. Clark (uil'lile'r . Cliik pla-tili r , Clelnel 
Crnll lather "f Itev. Mr. Cmll , .IhIim C.iinpli.'ll (f.iriii' i 
(larlei), I'aik. Halv inai'liiniii m Mr. M' Kay , Tim- i 
.Inhii Kiri/iiinii, .Mr-. Ki'llnwi",, .Inlm tlrievei (»ea\ 
iliaiit 'h'lk , il,'iii';;i' tli.iv (i.iniH'rl, II ihi'it (ir.iy ni 

Oilli'-pii' Weaver, U'lliiit lliiti'liiii-iii (miller), H 

ke'pir , Capt. lliiiitMT, l'''ti'r Heath, (hl.i k-miili ..l.iiu. 
Il.illiilav (Welter, fliiilv (liaki'i). Ilemlir- Iii^l' 

("llili'l), ,lnllll ,liini"<, .li'llkini ipiliml I. Ilnhl. Kelllel 

inillwriK'ht'. .Inlm l,iim-.h'ii ilerk , Mr-. I,n','.iii (m 
Lilian lai'ilei), Itnl'iii. i ie.ir^'i', ami \V. Lairj. I.iltli' i 

Mmii-, Maxwell. Mull ill mi hr . M. v, Melvilh (' I..I 

Ma-"ii (miller), Hmi.ihl M.i-mi llniililir , Heiirv .MeC 
Mi'CI'iv, Kiiliaril .M. Cniiiiell, I'eter .Mi'D'Uialil farii 
Kweii, 1,. \l, Karlaiii'. MiCiniii- (ileiki, M'tiinni- (mill 
M.ile., 'l.iMie M.Tnl"-li ,i:.ii''lemr, Alex. \1. Int"-h, 
ilnliii M' l\mii"ii (I'.mki'i a -mi-in-law nf Tlei-. M' K i 
Lean, .Vii'liew M, I.e.iii (i.'arclein r). Mrin'ml (miller, l-a 
.la-. O^ilvii' -li'iemaker , D'Halil Pai-ley (.Iver . ,1a-. 
(lirewer , Shaw (miller . .laiii"- Sievi'ii-mi luiikm ), .\li \ 
.Sleeman, Itnlierl Spinal ('.irpi'iiiii), .Mi'x. Spinal, I i.i\ i 
keeper , Shiriinnil, D.ivi'l Teiiipli'imi, liiil "It Tiiik, 1!" 
Win. TiiiiilMill, Mrn. Thmnp-mi wli.i kept th" Villa:.-" li 
hart. Aii'Iri'w Wil-mi eui'l' i . .I'lliii U'il.mi millwii^li 
I). \Vai'li"p,' (I. iilnr — ilh-i"iiiently th.' Ilev. Mr. U 
Th iiiia* ViMiii^ (lariler'. 
I The village kept ailvaiiiiiii,' with a "tenlv llii)iii;li imi 

ami ill IHIIliil wa-liii 'irpiilali'il hv -peil.it .Vet "I I'.ii li.iim l 
till II li"l xi't liax ill^' li'.ii liril llie I'l'iputeil liillnl" r iimli'l' III 
' The lir-l I'liilimi "I miiiiii'ip.il ii'pri'-eiil.ilue- n-nlli 

I nimi'' return nV llulvrt I Liiklnirii hir Uii'Ve, iiii'l II. o 
j Itr.iv, ,lii-i'pli Sheiwii'iil, ami Itilierl Siiilee-, C. K., ai i ' 

at their lir-t i iiii.n, lieM .hiiiiiii v ::l-l, I-miT, llie f'll" 

appnintini'iil- Were ni.i'h' : Tlinin i- Tiil'inui, Ch-rk, (.i ) 

I'Vi-r -Mill' letaiiieit ; .liiliii Hi'iiili'i-"ii, Tre.i-iiiir ; Alln-i 

, .Mi'X. Iiiiiii-'leii, .Vmlit'ir- ; Jaiiie'i lllaiklnirii, .V—einnr ; 

: O'llleitnr : U. Tiiik, Over-eer nf llu'hwav- ; ,laiiie< Mn 

keeper ; Il'ihert Clarke, llli| tm- nf M'-i'll-e. ; .lallli- M 

i-tal'li' ; ami ,la'ii.- Kei-ii-mi, Kii" Wai'leii. Th,- f.ll 

ll.llne- nf llie Cmill'iltnr-i Tm- the -I'MI.l! tear- lietw. I'll ll 

: ullil the ]tre-eiit : 

[ Ixil-'.-ll. Illaikliiirn, lleeve ; ami Mi--i-. I'.r.iv. Mr 

wnnil, ami Siirti-e-, t '"iiiieill'ir-. 

IMilii. .-^a lt""ve; Ml— IS. Irviii'', M.i liiim -s, .M I 

J li'i-. Cmimillm-. 

j |-<70. -K. Siirteei, Ueeve ; a'i'l .Mi— r-. Itell. Itiay, \l 

.sherw I, C'liim illm-i. 

1-71. H. Illaeklinrn, lleeve ; ami Me-i-. Drav, .Mi'i 

w I, ami Siiriee-. Cmiiiiill'irs : .Mr. Itl.nklmrn al-n -ei 

the piiii'iliii:; year a-i Id'ev,-, .M.. Sniti-i- li.ivin^ ie-ii;ii 
I the pii-itin:i nf Anliite' 1 mi the new Curt l|mi-e in One 

H71'. -Same Ueeve : Me-r-i. Dull', .Millilllless. Sherw 

tees, Cnuiieillnl-. 
I l--7:i. U, Surtee», Kei've; .\le--i , Dull. \|. i liiiiii'-, h 

W lliiirii, Cmim illnis. 

I l''7l, - It. Siirlei-. Ueeve ; Mi — 1-. .\l' I iiniii—, Saul, > 

Wiinilliliril, < 'mllll'illi'ls, 
' l'-7.'). I!. Sillli'i-, Ueeve; Me-r-. Uiw-Hl , I lilnlel'si) 

, ami W Ilillril, Cmili' lllm-. 

! I-7II. .I'lllll Hell'lel- Ili'i'Ve ; .Mi'-sr-. I law -"11, Sill 

] anil l.>r. Wil , t'<.\ illm-. 

1-77. - S.illle lii'i ve ; Mi-.sr-. I l.iw -"11, .Millilllli— , 1 

i Wil.nii, C 1 iilnr-. 

I-7H.- .I'.liii llemhr-mi. Ituve ; Me.-rs. W. V. I)a«- 

I (iiiiiii-s, 11. F. Sims, ami Hi. \V. Wil-mi, Cmiii. illm-s ; 

! man, Clerk ; Win. Orahaiu, 'I'li-.i-iirer ; linl'erl Mil'rae 

Siimui'l S.iv.i^i', ('"lle.i'ir , .laiiii - Allen iiel .1. W. I'ni.li 

One I'einarkalile tliiin,' ahmil the Muni' ip.il repie-en 

K.linliuixh i- th.it althmi.'h the ,.• ,....mii.7 nf the Vill.i; 

always heeii almve the avi'rai;e, there has seareu ever I" 

1 test ■alinnst every set nf Villat;e nlHcials lieiii^ eln 

year hv aecliiiiiati"ii. 

The Villa-e has a Tnwii Hall, ereeteil sniiie Ihirleeii 1 

' I'n-t nf Sl.'Jim. f"! the ilmlhle purpn-e nf a halt alnl sej 

wllii'h hitter piirpiise it alsn inlllinueil tn he ll-eil till I 

''"rpm.ilimi huill a sphiuli'l new luiik -ch.inl at a i 'i-i ' 

It I- ' l.iilni'il thai Ihi- is inivtlie lim-l -.I I liuiMiii 

-ihnnl in the ('"Ullly mil -iile "f the I'll! "f otl.iwa. It h 
j tions fnr hair te,l''hels, lell I, Illy Ihl'ee .11' 'h Is f.ir lllllphil 

' as all ari'liitei-lnrat eililii-'' nr .m eitiieaiinn.il iiiHtitiitimi, I 

luir^h sihiinl is iili.iinlv a Iil I . the Vill.e^i'. The pr 

ar.' .Inlm .Xlnh-rsnli ( 'h liriiiin), O.iviil Matllii-"ll .Seelel 
.\lex. .\liOilllie-, I'ller .Mi'llmialil, Itnhelt Surli'i's, C.I 

Clarke; ami the lea'hers are Mr. .Mi.laiiel (l'riii'i|ia 
; (.'hristie, ami Miss .M. Meliregiir. 

The s|ati-ti' s nf valnathui, &e., a- retiirne'l hi the A 
pre-inl xear are as fnllnws :-- 

"Area a.lv-) 

l'n|iul.ilinll 

I N". U.llepavels 

V.il f Iji-al I'l'.perty ?i!i 

! \'. line nl Tel -iilial I'liijii'l'ty I 

.-Vinmint T.ixahle llirmne 



T'.lal. 



SIM 



Nil. "I Cattle 

N". "f llnl'se- 

f)f the latter. .■!■» are nwiieil l.y the Street liailrnail 
have their lieail-iiuarlers in the Village. 



'F c:Ai<Li':roN.— CoNTiNuiu. 



\\\i. 



Ill <>l l'i;-iii.--. ,, mini 11)1, mill llu' miiiiiivfiiniit" iii 
iliiiliiii'Lili. I'\ Mr. M' Kity, II i- in I In l»' noiKliinl 
l> ii'oiiiiii'il i|iiili' II villii;;!' Jiir. Aiiii'ii^' lliiKi' uh'i 
[•li'vi.ni- lu IM'.', wliiMi 111.' II. K |li-li|.| w.ii r..riii..l, 

(: .liilii.i All'ii >l lii.ik. r , .I..I111 A^kwllll (.in- 

l.i.kl.iini, Iti.li.'it Hill, kl.iirii, lliinilt, il;ill;iiil\ 11.. 
....JUT , .iiiiii..» IIUicil wr.ivi'r , .l.iliii It.'.ki'V, I'iiik. 

Mi.li.i.'l lli.'iiiiiiii, lluk.'i' .'l..tlii.'i , ll..l..'il II..WV 
n" mill. I- , lli,.ttu,. (.|i.i.k.'i.|...r), Ciri- (. iir|ii'iili'r;, 
i (n.ii.|..|i.'r . rl.iik |.lii-lrivr , CIc'liH'lit" (11 Mii|i|ii.f), 
■V. Ml. Ci'.ill , .l.iliii r.iiii|il.,ll (I'.iniiir , T. Ili.ui|"ti.r 
y r.m.'liiiiiii |.. Ui. M. Kiiy , 'I'll..-. Kvnii-. wnu.i), 
\r-. K.'ll..vM's .I..I111 liiii'vi.^ (wi.iiv.'i), l>.>iiiil.| .M, 
.11;. ■ (Ji.iv (...i.iiii), li .l..'ii (ir.iv (iiLi-iiiii , 'riiiimin 

H..li.rl Hiil.'liiii. .11 (iiiilli.i), I! •.;,■ II, IV (st.irti- 

itCI. I', t.'l li.'Hill. (111... k'lllilll . .1.1111. - II. 'Ml V. .I..I111 

, n.iiilv (l.,'ik.'i). Il.'ii.|.'i'> Iii;.'li'<, .I..I111' In ill.' 

."«, .Ii iikiiH «|iiiiii.i), II. .1.1. K.'iili'V .■i..i|..i). Ki.l.lv 

I l.iiiii-.liii ,,|,'ik , Ml-. I,...,'.iii l«i.|..\v), Williiim 

il.iil.il ■-.', iiii.l \V, I.Miij, l.illl.' (....i.liniiiii , I). 

Uiillitl mi III' . M.i--.y, M.'lvill. (. I..llii,'r), Aii.lri.w 
.ii.il.l M.1-..11 (l.iiil.l. T , lli'iii'v Mi'r.niiii.k, rii.iiimj 

Mi''.iiii.'ll. I'.'ii'i' M.'l> il.l l.ii'iii.'i), I'.itk. M.- 

I.'. M.ilimii- (.If.rk). .M.iliiiiii- (millliiiml). wl.l.iw 
I11I..-I1 ,i;.ii'.li'ii.'r , .Vli'\. \|. I11I..-I1, I'll. nil, u .M.'Kiiy, 

I'.iiik.'i u -.iii-iii-liiw .,r 'I'll..-. M.'K.iv , I'l-l.T Mr- 
l.<',iii (i,'iir.li'iii I'), .\l,'l,,'..,l (milli'i', l-iui- Mi'TiWiH't, 
iii.ikii-, D'.hiiM Piii-l.'V (.ly.T . .la-.. Il.i.l, .Stirling' 
Hit . .Iiiiii,,. Si.,v.,|i...ii l.iiik. r), AI.A. .s.-.ill (l.iiki'r), 
ipilhil (, ,ii|..'ni. r), .M.'x. .S|.iiiii|. Ii.ivi.l s,..it >|..ii'. 

Ilivi'l 'r.'iii|.li'l..ii, II.. I, 'II 'I'luk, |{..l..'i't 'I'lii'iil.iill, 

T. Tli.imi 1 «li.. k.'|.t 111.. VIIIhl;.' Inn). Mr-. rii|ii- 

..III i!iii'.|' I', J..I111 WiUi.ii millHii-liI). Wliili'lu'.i.l, 
.'lur— uli-.'i[in'iilly 111.' U.'V. Mr. \Viir.iii.|ii.), iiii.i 
r.li'r . 

t ii.h-.iiiriiiL; Willi 11 lU'.i.lv llii)ii;;li mil r,i|.i'l ^'niwlli, 
ii.'..r|...iiili'.l li\ -|i.'.iiil Act.. I I'.irliaiiniil ilir |iii|iiilii- 
: it'ii.'hcl I III' rrijiiiri'il iitiml.rr ini.l.'r tlii. 1 irtn-ral Aiit. 

II i.r iiiiiiiiiMpiil ii'|in'«i'iii;iiiM', ii'.iilti'.l in Il.l' iiimiil- 
li'-rt I l.i.'kl.iini l..r K.-.'V.', ;iii,l II. 11. IliiniU. .I..I111 
v..'i.l, iili.l It'.!..'!! Sill li'i'-, ('.K., Ill ('..iimill.ir- ; iili.l 
1^;, li.'l.l .l.iiiiiiiy :;l-l, |mI7, iIi.' I' .ll..\vin^' iiiiiiiiiijiul 

iiiii'l.' : 'I'll 1- 'rnl'iiiiii, ri.'ik, (11 |i.iili..ii 111' (ills 

: .I..I111 lliii.li'r-..ii, 'rriii-iir.r ; .VIIutI Kii'ni'li iiinl 
inlil'ir- ; ,liiiiii'< Hhi.'kliiini, .\-i'-»iir ; .liiiiici .-Vlli'ii, 
-:, OviT-i'i'r 1.1' llu'liwiiy- ; .lalii.'i Miiwv.'ll, l'..iiinl- 

aiki', lii-i li.r i.r l.ii'.'ii-i- ; .l,'im.'< M''Ki'iiiiiy, ('mi- 

- h'.'i-^n-i.ii, l''ii.' W'ai.liii. Till' l',.IK.\vim,' iiri' llic 
.'illur-i r..r ill.' -I'V.i.il y.'iii- lu'lw. .mi iIi.' iili.iv.' .Iiiti; 

kliiirii, Itwvi' ; iiml M.-.|s, iSmv, Mcliinm-.-, SIut- 
r..iiii.'ill..i'-. 
.'.'M- ; Mi'-r-. Irviii.', \l.i linn. -i, M- l.i'.i.l, iiinl Siir- 

•i^i, K.'L'vi. ; iiM.l .M.—i'-. li.'ll, limy, M.'dlnni'-s iiml 
liii'^. 

kliiini, lii'i'vi- ; ,iii.l Ml— !■-. lii'av, .M.I limn— , Slii'i 

, ('..iiiiiill..i- ; .Mr. Hl.iikl.iiMi III-., -.'iv,'.! a |iiirl .1 

11" H.'.'V.', .M.'. Siirli'i- liaviii;; ii'-i;,Mi.'.l t.i a.«iiiiii' 

!iiU'i:l nil til.' ih'W I'l.iiil II : in Oiliiwa. 

L'CVd ; Mi'--i'-i. Dull', .Mi'iiiiini'H.i. Slicrw.i.i.l, nnil Siir- 

■i>s, Uc'i'i-it ; .\l.'--i-. Dull, M'i;i '-,Slii'r«M.iil, IIII.I 

lli.rs. 

•I'-, lii'ovu ; Mi'—i-. .Ml I linn.'--, Saul. .•^Iltw.....!, «ii.| 

lli.rs. 

I'-, Iti'i'Vi.; Mi'ssr". Uiuv-on, lli'iii|i;r-.i.ii, .Mi-Kiiiiuy, 

1111. illi.r-. 

I'tiiliT-iiii, Ui-'cvc : .Mi'-nr-. I>ii\v-..ii, .Sinm, \V...i.n.iirn, 

.iiiii'illiir-. 

I'l'Vi' ; Mi'-..*r>. |)a\\-.ii, .\I. 'iimii'--, SiniH, an. I Dr. 

.•'ii.l.'i--.iii. Iti.'V.-; M.'-»i'". W. V. l)i.«-..ii, Al.'X. .Mu- 
iii-i, iiii.l III'. \V. WiU.iii, l'..un. illi.i'i- ; 'I'll. .11111* 'I'lili- 
liialiain, Ti'i-a-ni'i'r ; linl.uil Mrl 'laiki'ii, .\«.i— nr ; 
lli'iliir; .liiim- Alli'ii ami .1. \V. I'i'...t..r, An.lit.ii'-. 
,' tliiii;; aLiiiit tin' .Miini.'i|i.il ri'|.i iil.ili.ni ..I Ni'w 

nlll|.HI-ll till' /»,■.,.. ;.|„; iif llii' \'ill,i-i' Kallli'l- lllis 

tin; avi'iai;!', tlieri- lia-i M-aii't* .'Vit lu-i-ii iin t'li'i'ti.in 

i-ry sill ui Villus;!' iillioial- Iniii;,' I'lnti'.l year iifier 

II. 

> II Town Hull, iri'i'li'.l ...m.' tliiiU'i'ii yoar* -iii.i' .it a 

the iI.iiiI.Il' iinr|..i-i' .if a li.ill .iinl i-iln.uMii.ii-i' r..r 

.".' it al-. ntiiiiii'il til III- ii-i'il till IK7."), wln'n tin' 

I »|i|i'iiilii| iii'W t.iii k -.'li'i.il al a 1 .1-1 ..I ..vit .■*li,IKIii. 
llii- i- ii'.w th.' Iin. -I -I'll.... I ImililiiiL; ami tin- l..'-l 
ly i.iit-i.l.' ..I" till- I 'ily ..r I Mlawii. 11 liii- a. . ..inini.ila- 
I'l'.s, lint only tlii-i'i; .ii.' 'li is f.ir uiii|i|.iM'i|. Wlii'llmr 

cilili 1' an I'lliii'alinii.il inslitnlinn, th.' New Kiliii- 

t.iilih ai i.'.lil t . llii' Sllla^'i'. 'I'lii |in'.-i'lit 'I'lll.st.'i's 

( 'li linn in), ll.iviil .Matliii'si.n Si'.i.tarv-'ri'i'.i.siii'i'i'), 

r.'lrr .M.ili'.nalil, l!'.l..'il Siir -. r.K., an.l Knln'it 

lia'li.'ri an- .Mi. .M.'.liim't (I'riii. ipal), .Mi-.s .Mary 
.M. .Mi'ilri'gnr. 

valiialinii, ifci'., a- r.'tiiriii'il I.', lln' \--i's-..r fur tin' 
ri.ll..H.s :-' 

-) 1:11 

11 Hill 

.ay. 'I". \ilH 

t.'al l"r"|..'itv .?i!i:i.J."iO 

'.1 al l'r..j..'rly 1 l.'.'Od 

'.isal.li' liifi.nii' :;,iiii(i 

al 8;iOU,'l.-i(» 

nil' ;i'J 

.1-.'- 07 

.4 ari' iiwiii'il l.y till' Stri'i't liiiiln.ail I 'iiiii|i,iiiy, who 
urtcw in the Villa;jii. 



I'll. ...iiininiiiriitinii In nihiT |i.iintii His I'lil ihi' Ni'U Kiliiilnirifli 

l.n.li;i'« a.'ii.-- whj.li lln' Hi I Raili..a'l 11 iii.| ilir (iM.iwa .Slri'.'l 

IIiiiIk'i', i.r.'i' till' Ui.li'an l.i nil lUit ii|. ili.' n.;lii Link ..1' th.' Ki.li.aii In 

llii' jiiii. ti.iii ..I Iho " Kill.:; s' Willi all ll ilii'r ll'l|lllll^• riuuli ra^t nf 

lliiit ruir, lit I'll liii^i's |s|,ii|,| an, I hv r..riy 1.. Ilutiin'aii l'..iiit i.vury 

;i(i iniiiiili.s. 

ll is Ihi' s,.,,t ,,| ih,. Vii'i'-Ui'nal ri'«i.li'iii'i', " Kjili.aii Hull," fully 
ili.s. lilii'.l .'Ihi'mIii'I'i', mill aim. Ilh' Inniiii .if .1 lir>j.. iniiiil.i'r iif wi'iilthy 
iiii'ii, -.niii.' i.f wh.iiii liavi' 111', ti'.l |nivali. n-iili'ii. r- i.f iiiiiniiini. vuIih', 
li.ith limi-i's .mil :;i.. Iiml- Ih'Iiil; ili'«i^'ii. .1 w iih s|..'. iai ri',Mr.l 1.1 urlistir 

l..'iiiily, iiii'l 111 k.'.'piiii,' with ll iilliviil."! t.i-l t Ih unrs. 

A111..114 till' iniMiti. ri".i.l.'ni'."« wliii ll inivl..' I'alli"! i. ,illv viTV line 

mil'- iiri' th' f .1. M. Cnrrii'r, .M.I'.. U..liirl lllai.kl.iirii, M.I'., .'IihIki. 

111. hi.', iif Ihi' Siiiiri'iiii' I'.'iiil :.lii.|'.^i. l,.i l''..ii|.iiiii' -n|.i'i'.iiiiiiiati'il), Dr. 

Hill, M,il.'..liii \|. N.inL'lii..n, 'I'l 1,1.1'. Iv .I.r, r, M , .1. .M. I'iurki', 

ami Ml-. M K,n, »i.l..« ..I Ihi' lali, II. m. Tl a- M, Kav. 

Tlin {.iiiilin ini|iriivi' iit< in ai|.|ili..ii t.> ihi- Stni'l Ituilriiiiil uuii- 

-i-l ..t vv.il.r ami i;ii- -np|ili.'- hiiitii Ih'h nf ihi' uii.ih.i -v-ti'iin; ami tliu 

pl.i. .' Il.l- t».. ii'l.'.'riph ..III '.'.. l«.i lii-1'..iiiiiii; III. I ll II «..iii>; malls 

.l.iiU I ill'- li.iiijj Ml. Imh.l with ihi' ('in i.l iiii.in.i iinl.'r I||. Kv. .p 

II I l'..-taK.' llali'-'.\. 1. .1. W. ri'i.i'i..r 1- l''.-liii it.'i, 

rill' l.ii-iiii'-" pari ill llif pi. 11'.' I'liiiuiiiii Ihri'i' lir-l-rili' «i'iii'ial -tmi'- 
atiil .1 iiiinil..'r .»f ^ii.n'i'rii's, iiiii< sh,,,' -hup, niir lailur ulinp, two Iniii'lii.r 
rIii.i.-, rali'r-iiii .V Law', finimlii, M,r|tiiii.nt A I'.i,'- «ri-laiiil lliniriiii,' 
mills, ,111.1 llliii'kl.iini X I '..,'< W'...ll. II la. Imy. 

'I'liii lalli T, ,1- Iii'im4 I'll' iiiily mn. ..f any rsliiit mil mily in tlir 
rniiiily, lull iiii\ whi'ii' shi.ii 1,1 ihi' Si. I..iwriiii.'.' -Ii..ri. ilunervi.- 11 hrmf 
ili'ii.'iipti..ii. Til. l.iiil.liii;.'s ill H'lii. ll tin. iiiiiiiiila.'lui'i. is I'ari'inI mi iiru 
lliii'i' III n.'iiil.i'r, -ilii.iti'il a.lj.ii'i'iil 1,1 1 .i.'h i.lli.'i, ami in iL.t pr..xiiiiil\ 
I.. i...lli III.' Ui.|.',iii ,iml iiltau.i Itivi'i- .11 Ihi' I ll uhi'i'i Ilir ll.rlll.'r 
lllllll.l.« iiil.i till' laliiT, ..v.r ill.' pi.'i'ipii'.' kii'ivvii .1- Knli'iiii Kail-. 
Kir-t, till ll' is till' iilli. !• ami wai'i'i'iinin, u l.iim' li.iinl-i'nii' twii-sinriiy 
-li.iii' l.iiil.liin<, ah. .Ill Hill \ III) h'L'l in si/.i', wh..-i' iiiiih' implii's its ii»'. 
Till' W1..1I is 11,1'ivi'il lii'ii' an. I ».irli..| hy liaii.l, LuLir.' Iii'iii,' f..nv,ii'.li"l 
i t.. Ilii' .Ivi.inu ami -.'..iiriin; h.iiisi. ami iillrr p. inn thrmuli llu' v.irn.iis 

I pi'.ii,.i)s-i'- III niaiinlii. mil' il a;,',iiii I'rtiini- in Ihi' l..riii ..I lini-lir.l a Is, 

i wlu'i'i. t.iiiii iif il I'iiii at iiiiv tinii' 1..' s|.i'n ii'a.ly t.ir ih-p.iii'ii 1.1 thu viU'i- 
t i.im wli..li-alo .I'litii'.s. Till' -ti.ivs ami siippli.'s 11. .',1 m tin. pr.m'ss uf 
I iii.iiiiif.i.'liiri' HI'.' iil-.i ki'pl in a part i.l this IniiLlin;,'. whirli 'iki'wisi' 
! riiiitaiiis till' iilli I'. 
1 Till' main l.iiil.liir;,' i- al...iit l:;.i\ill) in -i/.-, ami i'..n-i-l- ..I i\ni 

[ >l..rt.\s ahnvi' ,L.T..iiiiil, ami iw,. I.a-.'in.'iil-. lull i- pl.i i iln* iimiivi'- 

I piiwi-r vvhiili rinii'i.l- tin' ina.'hiii.rv ..I ihn I'liliii' I'nlalilishnii'iit. Tliiu 
is siipplii'.l hy a lai',"' h.'llcl Tiirl.iii.' w.ilcr-H hi'il, uml an i.l.'ii .if ihi' 
p..\vrr ri'ipiiri'.l in.iy 1..' iiiia^in.'.i Ir.iiii lliu fa.t tli.u tin. hrit .Iriviii;* 
till' liiiiii -halt in Uli in. In.s wi.l.'. TIht.' i- ul.,i ap,.«i'iliil st.',iiii liniliT 
in till- l.iiil.liii','. I1..111 whirli Ihi' i'st,il.li-liiiii'nl Ihiiiixh.nil is ImatiMl 
in CI. hi w.-illii'i', l.y -li-aiii. Tlii- l.iiil.liii.j al-.i ('0111,1111, tlm winls, nuil 
llic spinnin;.', Inltiii'^, aiiil liniHliiii'.; iippli.imi's. 

Till' thiiii I. nil. Iin;; IK .if .'i|iial lii'i;;hl ami .h'ptli Willi llii' ahnvi', hut 

^iiialhr i:ii\7''''. I.r Ihi'iral.i.nls. |i c.inlaiiiii sl..i'i' 1 mn fur r.ihiri'il 

wi. iIh, til.' .|\.'ili^' anil .s.'..ilriM^' apiiar.ttii-, an. I Ih.' li..iiiis. 

Willi. ml iiiiih'rl.ikinn t.. .1.-. iiU' in .li'liiii th. miniiliii. nf ili.' vari- 
ims pp.. ■r--i- 1.1 till' 111 iiinfaiiliii'i', wc iiii'^hl siiii|,|\ iili'i In tliiin us tliuy 
siiL'i'ii-Hivi'ly iirciir. Kii'sl, tin: wnnl is liaml--,.it.'il, iiml sent i.i tin' 
si'.iiu'iii:! an. I ilyeiir;,' limi-e, wln're tlu'si. prn.'i'sn.'s iirr p.rr.iriiii'.l aim. ml 
I'litir.'ly l.y ni.ii'liiiii'ry. Thi'ii, aftiriirviny. il '_',ir.s ilir.ni::li ilu' ''pi.'kiTs,' 

afli'r wlii'li 11 is '.inli'il, s|.iiii, «| Inl, wirp.'.l, .iinl w.n.ii in ,sii. . .-siun. 

It is llii'ii -I'lit In till' lini-hiii:,' I 111. wh. I'.' il it liisl l.iirrillril, llini 

Inlh'il, limn Kii,'t;i'.l iir imppnl. llii'ii ti'iili-ri'il in llm tciiti'i'-i 11., afli'r 

whirli il is utri'ii'lii'.l ami iliit'il, K.illnwinn iliin prni't'-ii, it in slinrii of 
its nap 'iml piis-i-'l, win 11 m.tliin;; rt'inaiii- !.. 1..' it. .in' hut llii' imasiir 
iii>;. wi iu'liiiii;, ]..i.kin;,', li.krtiii;;, ami i|, j 1 liiii',' 1.. ilii' show i..niii.H. 

Kl-nlii tin- liim- till' Wn.il in Likiii in I i l.y thi' snrti'r, the wlinh' 

prnii'ss i.i'i'upii's, in the oi'ilinnry ciiiir-i'. ..liiuil ten ilays ; th.iii;,'li ..11 
spi'i'i.il onrasions it inis ot'tuii liecn cniiiphirii in four tliiys, ami in ■jniiiu 
intitaii.'e- as .piiikly as Ihrii'. 

'riii'..ii'^lii.ut 111.' \'ai'i.iii- Hia;.,'i s, imi-l inti'iestin^ i'.\liiliitioiisaru evory- 
w III re i.l.si'U.ihh' the iiilii.'ale uml h.'aiilifnt niaehiiieiy .Iniiifr its work 
ill siiell a nianni'r .i.s In e\eit.' the wninler ainl iiitliiilati..ii ul llie llliini- 
liale.l. Til.' maehiln'ry in all >>\ th.' latest an. t in.i-t a].prnVi'il ile-i^iiH. 
'Ihi-y liaM' Ii;i0 -piiiilli'-, 7:ilt nf wliiili ale on .1 pair of I'l. ill'- -elf-actiii!} 
liillli'-, inaliufaetnii'l in lll'lhaltt, I')iil:I,iiiiI -, ml In he lite lie-t in use. 
The rcsl nf the mai'tiiiierv i- .ill .\ineii,-.iii in. lii.linj^ 'Jill spimlL's ..11 
jaeks. h.iir-.'ll- nf Iripl.' uai'ils, a Iwister, hy IJavisiii Km her. ,.l .Xinh.ver, 
Mas-., wal)..'l. I'.tirleell Innlii-, liappel, shiaier, iVe. 

Till' null- Here pilr' h 1 ■ 1" 1^71 iiuui Ji.-eph Me Kay A Hli.-., of 



Mniiireal, nml with tl 
w.-rii slini .i'.wii for 

lieell llllll! III!" 

pill, h ;. ' 



i-l 
I 

ami . 

ami 

tin. .. 

I,ii0ll 

have hanille.l 



iiiiiiiti < , ,, I , 
rjaili l.y 11.. | 
n..' siilii orii;ili,ii 
.;..y- ail.. Ill 7."> ll II, 
nrailesiif ilnlh 111,.: 
iilse.M'lllsivelv 111 



low i«ili'rvals ilnrinn whirli lliey 
■he Walter I.f l«7ii'77) lliey have 
' ever -ilici'. Tile property was 

■I'lit ..wnei'ii for .'*tO,iiliO, liaviui; 



■'^'.-thirils of wli.ini 'ire woineii 
tre.l lilt.' iinw C'.nlini'il In u..ar8e 
,11 they iit ..lie tinii; llMnlltaiMiireil 
'I hiaiikr' 'J'liey ll IV.' f.u'ilitie- h.r in.iiiut.irtunn^' nver 
'f \v..i.; .i.ily, ..r over ."iiiihoen p..iiii.li 111 a year. They 
.IS liigl ... ><l:;il,000 woith nf wi.'.l ill a «i'as..n. They j,'et 
this in ahoiil eiiniil ,'ia'ililie'» Iroin the Inral l.'anii.li.in ami the foreign 
niaikets. liiiiiii'iiHi' ..ll.- nf S..!llli .Vnmriiaii vvo.il can .il all tin; s Im 
seen in tli.ii warihoiise. The loieii^n wnnl omiies t' Ily t'roni ilnit 
eniintiy, tli'iir^h tln-y prn.'iirti -,.im' li'..tii Kni^l.iitil. .'\ ili.i. ami llie 
LTiiiii'il States. The ].riiicipal -npplie.s in llie w.iy .,; ».. ips, nil.s, &c., 
are pini'iireil fioni .Moniieal, theaeuU Irniii ltr..ukvilli'. aii.l the "tcuxliia,'' 
wlii.'h are a ituin-iiy in tlieii- way, a- well as the i!i...st \:iliiiii.le in-trii- 
liieiit }i'l lii-e'.veieil in the " ii.'ippiiin "' pri.e.'--, 11 .. Illy firnwii 111 the 
vi.Tiiii\ ..I S.h.'ii.'.ta.ly, .New Vnik. Al present iheyaie iiiauufacliirinK 
'l.-iO tn'.'illi) yai.l- ..f einili per ilay, all nl whieli 1- sn'lil in ihe MonlK'nl, 
Tornnt.i, all I llainiltnli luarket- eliielly the fnriiier. W.' ilnl nut lea,.li 
the lir.sl e..-t nf their inaiiufa.liires, hut tlioy ar.' ..f . ' - which retii il 
lit -l.ic. I.l 711c. per yaiil. 

Alt..t;.'tlier the New Kiliul>iiis,'li Wonlleii .Mill- are \.'r) complete in 
every le-pii'l, ami fmiii a very iinpni'iant a.ljun.'t to the iiiuterinl ro- 
Bourees I.f the Villa;,[e in which tliey are loraleil. Kor a very iiitere.stiiig 
mill inslrnciivi' vi-ilnf iiisiieelinii we were imlehleil in tile cnurteay of 
Jioheil I'.lai'kl.nrn. .M.I'., I'resiilonl ..f the ( ■.mip.iny, ami .Mr. Krei'ich, 
the nlili.L;iiiK Siirelary. 

Not the least pleasili),' ailjuncl In tlle Villa>^e is its hicilities for re- 
ligi'JUH woi'slii]i. There iire two very rnomy anil haiiilHniiientniio chiirclmn 



I I! 



^ 



xwu. 



HISTORICAL SKETC 



-^iiii. KpUoipal, lli« ..lli.T Pr. slvvlciiiiii. Tlif l.ill.r wat ImiU t""!.. 
livi- MMiK .mil' .11 a U...I ,.r Si;.'""!. K.v. .1. i\ ('.iiiiuiMii i- lli.- luinisl.i'. 
Til.- 'r .nun- i, ,.',.l.i-, :iii.l iini .(lilt.' M,,'v»tlv il...n-li..f liiu- |.i- .|m.iU..ii. 

;iii.| ,iitiM.:iiM' ..niliiii'. Tlifiv i».al»" a ltImi-v imc-I.'.I \utli il, aii,| 

ilii' lii-v. Mr llaniiii,'l.iii i< l!ivt..r. Il piTjutiiatrs lliu m.iihin "f Ih,' 

Miiiivv, 111 ill. nam.' Ill -1. liarlli"l.'iiii-«, aihl i- lli. .1 Ii wlii.h ili. 

■Mv 'i;ivi-rii.a-(..'iii'iiil al«a>H all. ii.linl. La.ly Duir.nn. wli.. <M..k a 
■^'vM inli-li-l ill it. iiiail.Mirali'il ami liialiui;.i| a l.a/aar in il- I..imIi1 
iluiini; iIm- la-l s.-,i-.iii ..r li,-r Oaiiailiaii iT-id.'iin-. 

Aii.ilui- iiHlKui ..f iiin-"iiiiii"ii iiu'iil ill its Hill, ami "11.' »lui 11 

li-si'ln- lili'llll 1^ lii-icll«""il Ci'lililiTV. -illlatinl on lli, la-liMii 

II ii-ili i> ..f ill.- Villai^i-. Il ivaa ..i^aniz.-.l -miiu- \iar- hk" uimI.t iIi.- 
l'iili:i.' r.'iii.iiiv Art, ami l«-> mris ..I lami "it.' |iiiiL'lia-.'.l, rliully 
(1.1111 ill. M.l'hail .-laic. Til., iialinal l.-ealii'ii ami ll.|■..^'^a|.|ly ..!' tli.' 
-IMIIII.I-, aii.l 111.. iiiiUin- ..f llii-ii- »iiii-..iiii.liii;4.', an- . laiiiir.l 1.. li.' iiii- 
iiu.illi.l. V.-ry laix'- ».iiii»lin<. Ih-.h -i"'!!! in lavini; ..ut i-..a.l- .iii.l^ 
.lri>..«. ami .iiiviiin-iitiiullii. naliiial (..intii-:, ..I iliv pliu'.- I.y a .syal. in ..I' 
laiii|.-..i|i.. uai.li tun,;, wliiili lia\f.-..ii.liu-. .1 1.. Uan-lMini il iiil..au alni...sl 
lairy vfiu- .H I'x.T-. liiiuu'iiiK ami .li.'lijlilt'ul vinw, a- liill ami .liili' ijivi' 
|.lai-i- I" v.hU .iIIkt .11 -ii..-i.H»i.iii. All -u. Ii ri'i'..;,'iiizi..l ii-i)iiisi|iHa>i r.-i- 
.Iciin.- f.u-.<ii]ii.riiiliii.l.nl ami (,'.ii-.liii. r-. laiilt.., i,'i''iiili"ii-i-, .>i'-.. .V... 
iir nut wanliiii,' . aii.l .i.-iHliinK i» r..iii|.|.-I.' i." 111.' iiiinnl.-i .l.i.iil. 
'I'liiT.' .ir.- n Kivai iiiinil..i' nl iii.i^niii.-. nl im.ir.im iil- inaikini' llii' |.>I- 
in,;-|iiai'i'4 ..f lli.>-i! U'l..*-t' luorial i.-niain.. ar.- t atri-in inl.-ri-i'.l, l^nt- in 
till, iiiii.i.-rv rail/, in |)ii.<' up i.i ■■'ill I't'i -.ji. ■ ;' • i ' m.nf L.ttLi- 
ili-ni .■*J.'i. 

Win; «v liaii' lliii« l.ii' -.li'l >•< Ni« l".lini.ur;,'li li.iv..^ lilll.. iiii-alii- 
m:^ I.. rwl.il.|i..li wli.u i.. .-i ni-iii'rall\ :i.liiirti'<l lai-t lli.ii il i-* a vi-iy pi -i- 
saiil Villa.,'i- tin nri-i plcuiaiil m lavl ..I all llii' sul.uil.< ..f ilic t'api 
lal. 

RICHMOND. 

Ill p..iiit .if ii#' 111.' " Milii.uy w.iil. 111. nt ..f l{iiliin..ii.|" i-^ lli.' ..Met 

III till- r.>iiMlv "I ("nrli'Liii -il .my ..xmnt hIi.i1i.\ . r, 1I1..11-I1, a- .'.yplain. .1 
ill till, caiiy lii^l'.iy of llm (.'.nlii'>, lii.ri' wiiv -..iiii' .l.z.ii i.r in.r.' 
1. 11111. il'.* ioial.- i Ilia., .lanv *.'atl<'l.'>l ami is.'lat.'il p..-ui..n- llii''.ii,'li..iil 
til : i'..tii(K l.t..(..rt' iNlim.'. -i.mi'a-i'.nly .i-. I.'^l 1, win'iva- tin* Hit liin.iii.l 
-.'III. 111. Ill n.i-. ii"l LiI'IiiihI nil till' aiiliiiiin nl l.tlS. 

Til..-'' »li" liTMn'.l il »■!<' iliwliai-..! ..Ili.i'r- .111.1 -..l.li.i- ..r til.' 
'.ilitli iiml liKlili l{.-.,'iiin'ni^ ..r llii' liii.-. I'li.'y li.i.l In'.'ii i'..ii-..li.l 11. .1 ..n 
ill 'i-|..<. Ill' III. ».ii ..I IHlJ'l.i ilil.i .'in' I'l'^ilii.'lit, l.i'.iriii'.^ lli.'|..iin.r 
n'liiili.'i, ami -i.iii.iii.'.| ul I^iU'Iiw. .Uti-r tin' tin.il 1. -i-tal.li-lini.iii ..I 
,i...ii:.' Ill Kili.ipi' i.'lii.vviit^ ilii'.>v.'rtiir<nv ul' Nap..li..iii, tin' Itiiti-li ii..v- 
. tiinii-iit il.-. i ii'.t iip.in i-i-'lii. iiiu I'lcii' inilil.Li-y .ir„'.iiii/,il inn, iiml lli.' 

i|..\»rj>l IL'^llll. lit", .11- .il'.-.' Willi til.' Iiuln'-I Illinilii'l-.Wrl.tln- ..111'- lii-l 

• iii.iiiilii..l 1.. iln- r.'.liii.ti.m pi'.i.v.i-.. Aiii..ii',{ tin-.' \\.i- tin- icilli, »lii. Ii 
.va< ili-liaiiii. .1 .lining tin. -iimnit'l- ..I' tn\'< at (^m-ln'. . .Nlanv, I1..1I1 

• .Iii'.i'r^ aii.i 111 I'i ml'' i. ..iiii.i'nl. a..-. -pi. -.I lln- lui'm- ilu-n ..(I.-n-tl l.y 

.111' .livi'i'iiim'iil l.iiK'n -'-lilt'i's .iml a lai'^i' iiiiinl>..| nl llnni li.i\iii),' .li- 
.1.1. '.I ..II ill. m'i^lil..irlii"i<l i>r 1)1.' I ppi'i lltlawa a.- .1 p. rimiiii'iil l...a- 
li.Hi. .11I..I l.n lii'.ir .1. -iliiiali'.ii I'll 111. -H'li .Inly i.f tlial y .-.ii. Winn 
l.iniiu t,liii''i" ' il" linli-li man "I-" 11 wlii. Ii ii.ir.i tin- llnkr i.l Ki. Ii- 
im.ii.l. ilnii .niivuiu li. a— 111111' tin- 'i..\.'rn.ii-( iiin ial»liip ..: lli.' II ili-.li 

I '..!.. nil- I.' .S'.rlli .Vim'ii'.i. |ia-«.-.l inl.i tin- r..a.l» i'l..-i.' l.y tin. v. I 

ivlii.1i I... I. iii. ' iiiuiiint'. ti'iiii lln' '.Hull, ami li. llii» l.i.'i ua- .In*, ilii' 
ii.inii'.i;;"! " It., nni.iit.l" liy llli' iiK'lii'l' timl I'l'ifiim'iil .iltii il I..-, am.' an 

.'al.;ii.li "I -n.1. 

I . I .lit. th.' -'-Iltt'i- .ii'nvi^l in M'ltitrt'.il, rr..iii wlili'tt pl.n-.' lln'^' 

,. ..(li.-aiu r.'i ill. 'I pp''t'i'tii» ,.i iitiallv laii.l..! iil...iii .In- 

I. ■. .11 liii' ."'imtli sln.ii', pi-t lnl..iv llii'l'liaii.liiiv Kill-. 

Ill - mitt i'alli''l " llif Flats' ttlij.li li.. I iiannii 

I, .J. " .inap|»'lliiii"ii nliii'li. Iiiiii..' I.i It I'.ii many v.-ai-. 

,1 niln- ..I til «li" l..iiin'.l tlii- inililii. ...I..n\ iiiiiii- 

< , .41th.lK-.ia11.iti1. V pit. In-.| 1. nl- ami l.iiiit lint- ..nlln l-'l. 1141:1 

. I. .nil ill !'.la.i.'.'..r(!n'-illiiti|. i.tilllli.'ii lin-l.aii.i- ii.tI 

I. . . tlnii rmiU'r Ininii'-, iinuli' ill. iiiinioli-* 

til. IV ii'.-rpli..ti. ami .'lit a r...iil. .1.4 tln-v 

ill. I .■ ii.ii. !..l«i'<-ii ■' lli. liim.n.l Laii.liii.: " ami lli.' 

> liapni.iii'-, m.H ri>.i'.-, ulii.li r..ll.iwi.| .ilt I ili.. 

, . ,..'-'-111 " Ui. Iini..lt.l U.'a.l." h'l.itn il- I. iiiiiini- 

,. ...1 1.1 tin- t...i ..f th.' It.ii.i.l-, uli. 1. ili.i ha.l 

li.uii >:l Hi. lumiml. 

1'. ■ ,1 II.. I ...I'll.--"!' th'' -i.Uli'f- y.. I'I tit. -il. I. -lilt. ri. .11 II w.t- 

,,,1 ,, ;. , iiiiniii, ami many .il lln itt -ntli-n'l -.'V.-n'ly li..iit tin in- 

, .,, . I ::.. -.a -"11 '. 1 ... ,;. itiii- -ti .1. Iiir...» 1T..-1.-.I t.i -li. Ih-r iln.nt- 

-,.|,.. i, .111 '(. .V •! lliH mil.. -piSitlili' •linn'. Ml-. Taylm- 

» It. .11-", Iri'iii il lin iiinK, til. .lay 

,,. „..i >i.| .„<..! ph t.i -I'll." ilii.in..'U,-. 

.ill Mllilii'iti ill.' iiiili.^l inn-, wlii.li l.iinn..| 

.1.1 ami 't.'riit. Om- man, Win. tt.'iini-.'n, ..I' 

ill.' tt'iiiii'i frniti .■\p..-iii.' i..i'\ii.'m.. ...l.|, ,iml 

I n''l"lt^iliy I.l til.' -.'nl-'liiflll. rta- I'r.i/.'n 1.1 

II " III hiiinml l.imliii.;." Iliil ii..lu'illi''laii.|- 

iii.il- ttlii.'li allli. li-l llniii, lliry tiii,.|ii h.iy.. 

> i.tii-lti.itulil .il III.' tn.v.'iiiim'til ..ili.'i.iN, ami 

ii..» .itiimni. ,\ll ni't • iiippli. .1 uilli mn. trai'. 

. Iii'.i.l ..f a latilily H'i-i'Iv.'.! iIi. r.il|..itiiii; in'i<'<>ai\ 

'. -'.In: .'lU 111- ll'-tt ll'iltti' It. lln llii' \vil.|i-iin'--; I ii\.', 

I pi. I,.1M', I Hpaill'.l -ll.Hil, I -iMll... I ill.'iuill^- 

. iw, -.' -.'Villi' .ti.u.-, ilil.-. I ratlip-k.lll. ,1 l.i.l- 

- |..in. .^ jia— , I III. pnliy, 1^ II.-. nail- (in :i -ixi'.-) ; 

. n liv' vt'tv. alliilti'l a . i..>--. nl -aw, wliip -aw, .iml 

111.' III. Iimi.iihI -illliiiii'iil vvii.- -itpplii.l. Ill a.|.|iii..n 

iiliitvii '-..mplilf "I't' 111' i-ar|ii niri-' I..!- ami Ivvn-i In nl 
....I-. 

lilt:,- I'll, .'f III.' .I.ii» "I III.' laiK -.nil- III. .Ml-. 

I'll "I'I i'iipli>..'i.|i..iii iiiiitt>( III.' il.'iiti. .il IJ pin,.. 1,1 

iiilln li'-i l.illli. f lill-l .:l"l,S' li;l. .Mlj.il Hill. Ill IHIft. 

l...i. Knih.'. .1 (U'H'I .Mul"!" "I •"'■ it"li- «•>" tin " .>llpt'tilti..|i'li- Ml ' 

nl II i.i">ii..>'it<'"l, Lv.m, I'lipltiin .'llh'' 'iW limili, h«- iIh' l'i.|i-i<i|i 

\.., , ' I, Ul .- C.ipi 1.1 111.' Ifllli.tt.i- •'..iiimi-'.tiv, .111.1 s. iji., 

II. : ivin t.'li-ik- 111 111! i'..iiiini--iiy'- "Hi.. . I'.ipl. I.viin 

« . .! I liv I'apl. I'imly, «'li..iaiiii- li I'.illi 1.. all.n.l t.. 

111.' 'lull''- .1 nw p.i.iii'.ii K.'i a ni|«il»'i .f y-Mf" .illi't 111.' I'.iilv -nili. 
ni.'Ui, '•.^.. .1 liiiii'h"'! iH-ii-iiim'i-*.'!!' |Kii.l III lln l(i< liiin.ml p"-l. Wn 
mii..iMV I. .» ^.1 ..t 111.' Iiiilil|.-.<r i.iiiipiialivily a \. IV 1. n Tli.' r.iM.iH 

in^ vv ii'ii.. III...' vvli.i i-aiiii' III IHIM, ami Miv -It. 'illy ali.i . 

ll\l. .lap.i I iiik.'.r.ipl I, v. It, t'apl. I^itti-, 1 iipl. Li'li. Maj. tli'iii-l \. 



|,l..,l \|. . Ilu 1 
I...1..1. 1 lin 

ami - 

Iitlii'i.r 11. . ! ' 
llli-iil'i '.Hill. 
I w'..al.iil II ' 
.l.'alll wiiil. 

■■^^"'- <" 

'.ii..i i . «■ 



II. -|.. 



k. .... 



I'.i-Snriji'.ili Cilli". I.ii'ill. Maxwi'll, I'avma-tir 
I'.i.ill.v. S.'i'-I -M.ip.i Mill, r..!..r S.-ri.'.nl S] 
.M. KIl.v, .S.iji. riiiiniii-liam. S.'i'-i. Vaii-lian. S 
.Mill-, Si.i-I. I>iiitliar, S|.ii;i. I''iizi,'iral.l,.l..ii.i- ll.u 

.-^ai 1 .M.'P.i.l.l.'ii.Wm. .M.'l''.iil.l.ii..l..lin .M.-Ka.l.i. 

.1.1111.- 1 iic-ii.'. .1.1111.'- l>.-.iinan. Win. l.a.'k.'V. .1. 
.\|. Mull. II. Al.'v. M.r.i-laml. .lam.'- .Mum.'.' Hii 
r..p.i.iii.l. I!..l..rt lln- .11, William I'.n l.i', .!.. 
M.'Kin-tiv. I'.ill.i.k, till' .Mni'iav-, tlie Stanliy-. 
Kvi. .iiul.. K.lvvai.l .Mall.i.'li, Kai(-, (■|iii-t..plii'i' ( 
^.'.111 , .111.1 .l..-i'pli Mint. .11. Willil.nl I 111 I'.'.. I I'.n: 

\i.l. tnililary lin-ii. Tin- naiiii I' in. my .in- lam 

..t I tili'I'.li, l.y lua-..ii "I llnii' pili.lii' a.'t-.in.l -uri 
imim'li.ili' ili'.-i'i'iiilanU. 

r..I liiii'ki-al'i.'i'war.l- l..-i'iiiii.' tin- lii-t r.-pii'-i'i 
III. -Ill tl .III ill.' .irl^^in.tl l'..iiiilv ..r rarli-I.. 11. ...111)1 
I.l ill.- I. iiit..rv lyili;; L.-m.-.n lli.' Iji. Iran ami lli.' 

r.ip., I.\..n laiil' III.- lir»i mill, k.-pl lli. Iii-t 
"l.li.-l rai'liaini'iilary n-pii-i'iitalivt's I..I' lliv I,'. 
I..ri'ni..-t ini'ii ..f tin- wlinli' |)i-liirl. Hi- vva." ah 
litnilv, win. .illaillcl 1.. .Ii-lili;;ni-lii'.l p. .-ili. .11- Il 
.Imlu. I,v..ii HI. I III.' lain II. II. I.v.iii-I''. II..W1'-. 

I 'ij.!. l.i'Wi- Uii.- ,il-.. .1 i.-pi. -.'iii.itiv.' iiiaii, liai 
in I'alliaim-nt. Hi' wa- lln- f.illni .il tin' lati- .1 
inativ v'.ai- ..n.- ..I tlii' li'mliit^' .-ilizt'ii- "f (llla».i. 
MaJLl'. 

r.i|il. L.-tl vva-a IIIIIII "f ^.111.1 pai-1.1 am! m. -n 
liillnt ..I W. I', l.'-tt, lli.'L'ily I'li'tk "i Ottawa. 

.\l.ii..l Uiin-I.y Will 1.111' "i 111.' "l.l.'sl .\la'ji>lra 
p.'ll..rliti''l a laiv llmntlil ..I .Ma^,'i-|..|i.il .Inlii-, al 
I' iiiatiyiii^. I.. I..I1' till' .lay- ..1' . l.'iL:viii.-ti. N.. 
.1. - lint -.-.-III I.. Ilavi' ll|..li:.'lit inil.'li i.t that plan 
.1- Wi 'iml that "11 till' .... .1-1. .11 "f 111.- lii-i vv''.l.liii 
111 tin. -i-ii'.-. ... ■ ' 1'^ -1 - U !^.::-..i.i It.- .111.1 lli- wil 
• '.'i'.-tii..ny liaviiiK iii-i^iitally l.i-i-n pi-i-t'ui 111111, in lii 
M.i.i-liati.. 

I'll, vvi-.l. linn alinv I'l'li'iri'l t" w.is tliat ..I' . 
>.'i-K.aiil "I ill.' Illitli. t" .1.1111' l'aiiipl.'-ll. lalily ar: 
»a- p.-i|..|-|m-.l liy li.-v. .Mi.lia.-I llaiiiH. ..I' IVitIt 
Hill. lin. ami 111 llii' " Diik.' ..I Ki.lini.iinl Aint'., 
I.v -v-S-i^.-.tiil llill. iL.n.il.l .Matlti'-..ti ami K 
tii.iiiii'il at ill.- -aim- lilll.' ami pla.i-, ami l-y iti. - 
vv...- .Ill i-\--..|.|i. 1- ami -In- tin- .lallulllt-l ..I' ..In-. 

1,1. .M.iwvi'l! i- I'l-uvvliii. ii-li.|-r.-.l i.i a- llii. 
lli..l..il.;lil.ii-.l .|...-k I., tin IMIitvva V.illi'v. 

i'.ipi. Itta.ll.'V Wit- .1 l.-.i.limx .111.1 iiillnvntial 
lainili.n llii-..iii;li In- .Ir-r.-mlanl.-. 

S.-t-,;.-.tnI .'sp.-.iiniaii In-M a iiititil.|.|' ..t i|..-..iat 
ll.ma! l.i.-i\.-i V. .\lii..lii; lli- many . vj.l.-it- wa- 
r..H..|-n iL.prat l''..i-l r.ii.. 

-'^.-i-^t. .>l.'Kll.'V w.-u .1 in.ili ..I .'.In.'alii.n 
.111.1 t..ll..wi..l iin'i.-iintiK' piir-iiits in Ki.-liiii"iiii 
.li. 1 i.iit IW" v.-.tn* "iml'. ill lii- ".".lli yt-ar. Iia.ii 
iiiniii. ipal p"-ili.ai- ..f tin- Xilla;;.' iii.iny linn-, 1. > 
111- -..II- .111' m.w aiii..iiu III.' i.'.i.iiii^ in.n .-I lln- pi 

.s.-i^.-.tnl riiiinin^liam, '.mtli, wa- a.-.-i.k'iitall\ 
npi.nltiin wliili- cl.-.ii'iii;4 In- lami tin- tii'rtt a..-i.i< 
in.imiii. llf.iif;li .iin' Di-niii-i.ti iiail pii'vinii-lv 
.iml aii'.ilii'i. ill' lii-t i..(''t<-.f/ ilriilli ill tin- plai - 
..I ..If l"a-il, alt i-.\ -..|.!i'-i' ..I tin- :i7lli l.iin'. wl, 
liv.l .1 tin- l...'l .'I lln- lapi.l-. 

.s-i.:..iiil Mill- na-iln- lallni .il a iiiiin.'i..n- ; 
.l.iiit.-« .Mills, i- ii'iw' K.-v'V.- ..;' lln'T"Vvii-liip..r 1 

S.-u. aiit-.\|.-ii..|- Hill W.I- .1 111 111 III' iit..r. ill. II. 

mui 1 iini.iini ..I lln' piilv wlm . ul ..in tin n 

im.ii.l L.tmliii;; L.tli'-'i i» I..111.I -up.-i-inii-ml 

III- kipt tin- lii-l pulili. >.. .11-1' 111 till' pliu'i. til. 
wa-.i l.-.i.lili;; l''ri-''lna-..lt , .irii-lw.il-'l- tin " Itii 
III- will , till' pt.'-iiii Ml--. Tiyli.t, (ill In-t --.sill 

mm limii! in iln' Vill.i;;" vvlm iva« ..1 1 lln- ■ 

,111. 1 tln'l.- all' l.llt I. .Ill ..ill. I- ill .ill ill lln- I 
liiii'ii, vi/. . Ml*. \'aiiu;lian. wi.l'.w ..t' .'<i'i'.:i-.ii. 
-iltlr.l ..It '...1 |.'>, ;ii.l l'..m'i-!v-i..ii. (iinilliiiinn, I 
wli.-r.'-ln' -till llvi . : Win. M. I''a.l.|i n. In in.; 
.Iiiim- Iti'ani.in .in. I i.tttn'- tlri'iii''. liviiii,; ..11 il.. 

.lam.-. It. ailiall. wll" -|.lll.-.| ..11 l,..l H. I 
111' Iml.l It.. Iii.:li lank in llic atiiiy, vv,i» a maii 
pail-. Ii>. vva- till' ralln-r.'l .latm'4 ll.'.iin.in, wli 
.Si-lj;ialil V'aiullali. ali..v i- im-llll.an-.l, ami -rlt|. i 
I'.tily .i>;'' Till- ■^.'iiil.'iii.iii li.i- lii'i-ii t.'i' man 
I'li'fk ami T..wn-liip<'l. ik ..I N'..rilt (i..wit, 1 
SnUny, at: I I ■..iiiiiii-'-i..|i. 1, ami, a- "in' .il tin. ..I 
I'ilui'ii- "I' \..i-lli (J..W1-I i-i'iniii'ki.l I" 11-, " Il 
ii-i'Inl man »li . . vi'i- livi.l in ilii' T.ivvii-liip 
. -III. 1. 1.1, i'..iitli'"ii«. ..l.li.:iiiL.', ami vi-iy p..piilar. 

Mr. Ilnailaml .Sl.-pli.-ii Kyii..ii^;li w.-r.' i..! I 1 

-i-iil "111 liv tin- ll.iiii.' <:..vi-iniii. Ill I., iii-lrm-lll 
laiy ...|..iii-l-. Till' f..riin-i iiaiii..! wa- lii-l -11. 
I..i-iii.iti.ni"l 111.- -. Ill.'tm'iit. Ill' wa.i tin- lii-l 
III.' pl.->'llt I'.iiintv 'it t'alti't'.ll, ami tin- k.'Iiii 
l.iiiulil w 1- al-i.ilii' lii-1 "I' llii'kiml in tli.-C.ui 
tlii'li.vi rnini'iil. wit" -till him "111 t.. I '.iita.la - 
"I till' •<'lil.-iii.-iil -pi. iaily I" ...'. iipyit, at 
annillil, H»- vv.i- -11. .-..t-.|.-.|. iillni' .1 -In.tl 1. 

Ilnlllt;; 111- ll|.-ll'..ll''ll.-y till- li..Vrlllllt.'ltt with. 

-.-li.H.I. ami 111' r>tliiliii'ln-.-.| .ttt.l .'..|tliliili-.| 1.. 1. .1. 
liiaii .1 It'tvi-iiiim-iil -.-InM.I in tin- pl.i. .-. 11.- n 
.jtii.i. .1 viiiiii^ 111.111 l'.i-iiit;a b'i'i-.-iii.t-..ii.lln' li.ii 
tin- IV. 1- tin- lir-i M.i-..iii. tnm-i.il in lln- • '..iii.lv 

K.lwai'l Mall... k. ill. .null "llh a -li..i-iiiakri. 
Ill'ili palls. II.- Iiail a l.imily, i.l win. in ..|i.- -nii 

Ihi' ('..iitilv III I'.itlt.iim'iti I"! 111. my I" i-w. 

Hli' ttll ; wllil. iw.i ..tint -1.11. 1 - I., p.. -111. .11- Il 

Mr K.ilU WiiH a .iirvi-vi.t. .iml .1 in. in ..1 
pi..l. -.i"ii. 

Sii.pln-ti Si.|;;i-.inl wan all .\iin'ri. .ill, a niillwi 
ill.. Ill .11 wh" l.niil I1..1I1 u'.isi .iml -aw null l.ii-l 
vv.f. ...111 nil. 11. I'll lln- -pi 111^ .ill. r 111.- N. 111. 111. Ill ' 
till' iti'M war l""!!ii. Til.' ».!« n ill wii- I. mil . 



RICAL SKETCH OF THE 



Cillis, l.icut. Maxwill, I'avniustcr Wliiti'iriaixli, ra|it. 
ri;,'l.-M.i|..r Hill, C.Imi Sitl;.'.!!! Si„-arMi.iii. ('..l.ir-S,-rKt. 
I.Tj;!. ('liiinin-liMlii. S.T-t. Vail-liUli, Scl,;!. D.-iiip., y, Si-rnt. 
I. biuiliiir. Sii^i. l''llzt,'i-i;iM,.l"iii< lianv. Mi. hi. I l)..ijiiliiir, 
K.i.l.l. ii.Wii,. .\t,'l-".i.l.l.ii..l..liii M.l-'u.l.l.ii. n.'iMil.l Miillii.-.m, 
.11. ■, .1.1111. > ll.MUiaii. Will. j.ii.-k.'V. .I..I111 .M.IJiiir.-, [{..luTl 

A!. -v. M.Ci-liui.l, .la - .Milh.i-. Dali.l llall.ili-..|i. Win. 

i;..l..il liir .li, William I'.-ii l.T, .I..I111 Willi. .|>, WaMi, 
. I'.. II. .ill, 111.- .\liimi\s tlio Siuiili'V-, U.-ail, an. I .•>li|ila.|i 
-Mwanl .Mall.i.ii, KaU's, ( •liii,l..|.li. r (iiiiliaiii, Su-plifii Si-r- 
.l..-.|.li iliiil.iii. Willi lull iln.... .l^|■..ll^.•\.■.■|.li.lM-tll.■al...\l■ 
ll■\ jiu'ii. Tlu' nail). r 111. my art- taniili.ir |.» all III.- .iiiz.-n^ 

1, liy 10.1- I lli.ir |.iii.li. a.-t-.unl -ui-vi.-.-s, .n- tlm^.- ..I llll•i^ 
tl.-s^-|.Il.iillll>. 

iki-alu-rwai-.l- L.-i-a lln- lii-l ri'|.n-.-lilaliv.- -nil 1.. I'arlia- 

ill.- iiri^iii.il ('.iiiiily ..r Carlil.'ii, .'.'iiipti-iiit; llu-jjr.-.il.-i pail 

I..I-V lyiii:; I..-IH.-.11 llu- Iji.li'au .111.1 lli.'.Ollawa. 

,\..n l.uil' 111.- lilRl mill, ki.pl ill.- Ilr>l -l..r.-, vva- ..li.-jil lli.- 

iiaiiii'iilai-y i-<.|.ii-i iilalims l.n- llu- C.miily, an. I ..in- of tlu- 

.11 ..!' III.- H'liiili- l>i-lii.-l. ill' wn^ al^<.> till' r.lllirl ..I a lar{{(' 

.> allaiii.-.l 1.1 .lisliii;,;iii-li...l i..>-ili.>ii- ill all.-i lilt-. i;i. Iii.liii^' 

11 alhl 111.- lair (i. li. l.v.-ii-K. ll..\M-. 

,.-\V!^ 4\u> .lU." a l.-pi. -.-litaliv.- man, lia' iii>; -.-i-\.-.l lli.- L'.iiiiity 

.111. II.- wa- till- f.illi.i ..I tlic lali- .I..I111 ll..«i-r l.i-wi-, I'.ii- 

- ..11.- -.1 llii' l.-ailiii;^' i-ilizrii- ..r (lllarta, ..| wlii.-li I'ily In- «a- 

. M \vM-a iiiiiii .it' .u'.i.iil parts am! 11. > -mall iiitlu.-n. .-, an. I tin- 
i . I'. la-It, till- t'iiy I'li-rk i.f i Ittawa. 

Iliiisliy ttii-' "111- .li 111.- iilil.-,-l .\la..-i>ll-al.- in tin- lli-lri.-l, .iii.l 
a liii-;j.- amniiiit III" Ma^i-l'-iial .lulu--, ani..M'/ ulin-li wi-i-i- Ih.i-.- 
il;, III lull- ilii- ilay- "I . l.-r;;\ iiii-n. N.itwiili-lan.liii^ ilii-, In- 

I'lii II. Iiav.- Ili..ii.i.'lil 11 Il ..I llial plan ..r.liiiiii; llu- l.ii-iiii-sM, 

llial .III tin a-i.iii ..f !!..■ lil-l \vi-i|iliii- .-. 11 iii..iiy pi-llnriii.-.l 

11... ;' '-y .1 ■ i-. v.i !i-..ia In- ami lii- will- \v>-i.- n-inari-ii-.l, tin- 
lavill^ iirih'iiiully Ih-i-h |ii-rl'.ii!inil, in liis nun ai.-ii-, liy an..tlii-i- 

.liliii^ ali.ivi- ri'ri-1-ri-.l In was that nf .li.liii Diinliar, an t'\- 
Ih.'tlllili, I.. .1,1111' Caiiiplii'll, lati-lv anuuil ri'..iii ht'laml. It 
ii.-il liv l!.-\-. Mi.ha.-I llalli^, ..r IVilli, a siill ol ill.- I>i',in ..I' 
.1 in till- " Diik.- ..I Iti. Iiiii..ml .\iiiii," a piiMi.- h..ii'i' ki-pl 
'.nil Hill, ii.iii.il.l .\lallii.-..ii ami l':ii/,al.< lli I'.ii-I- 1, wi-i-i- 
111'- -aim- linn- ami pla.i', ami l.y tlii: -iiiiii' i'li'r;,;viiiiiii. lli' 
..I. ill I' ami -III' lilt' ilaiitfliti T ..I' mii'. 

vwi'll i- iiUuwhi-n- ii-li'iTi'il 1.1 a« tin' |.i.ilii'i-i- inip..il.-; nf 
i-.l -i.H-k III tin niiatta V.illi'v. 

iia.lt.-> w'ii- .1 l.'a.liii^ .111.1 inlliu'iitial .-iti/rii, wli..-.- i),nm- i- 
i-.-ii;4li hi- iti-.-ii-iiilaiit--. 

it .■^p.-aiiiian In-hl a niimln'i i.l .li-.-.nati.in- I'.r a. !• ..f . \. .-p- 
.■i\. -Vmiiiii; lli". many . \pli.ii- wa- tint .-T li-ail.-i ..I tlt-- 
,1- .It l-'iu-t Kiii'. 

\I.-Kll'iv wax a man ..I .-ilil.-ali..n ami t.ii-im-.-- .il.ilily, 
|..| im'ivaiiiili' pui--nils in Ki. Iiim.ml |..|- many y.,11-. Hi- 
I.l yi'.irs >'im-t', in Iii- "'"itli vt-ar, Iiauii;,' 'illt'.l all tin- h-a'lin^ 
p..-ili.ai- ..I' ihr Xillai^i'inaiiy liiin'-, li-ii\ in^: .1 lainilv ..Iwlniiii 

- 11. .w am. .11'.: till- i.'.i.liliu ill. 11 .'!' till' plai'i-. 

il I'liiiiiiniiliaiM, '.Milli, wa- a.-.-i.li'iiiallv kill. .1 l.y .1 In-.- laliiiij; 

thill- i'li-,ii'iii^ 111- laii.l till- lii-Kl 111. i.ii'iital .li'alh in tli I- 

i'iiii;li iihi' Diiini-i.ii liinl pivvion-ly Ih'om IV../. 11 In .hath, 

I, ihi lii-t ii./fi'i-.i' ili-atli ill till- pliii-i-, iii-riiiii.l lj.-l.iri-, llial 

I I, all r.\ -..Mill .it till' IITtli Liiii', wli.i wa.- luiiiiil lu'-i.h' llii' 
I. ...I ..fill.- lapi.l-. 

il Milt- w-a-ilii- latlii-r lit" a iiinni'i'iiiis iii..;^i.iiv. .\ L.'raii.l-.iii, 
U, i- ii.iw ll.'i'v.' ..;■ thi'T.iH-ii-liip..r Ti.rlii.lt..ii. 
ii-Ma.i'.i- Mill w.i- .1 111 in ul' iii.ii'.- lli.iii ..i.liii.iiy al.ililv. I|i> 
nil. mil III thi'p.iitv wh.. .Ill .1111 ill. iiuliiarv r..a.l ir..iii Iti. Ii 

liii^t.. lli-li iw.....l,,iii.l -iipi-iiiiii-ii.|.-.| 111.- »..i'k llii..uj;li..iil. 

!it' tii-1 piililii l.iiii-i- 111 llii' pluct, till' •' .Ma»iinir .Vriu- ■ (111- 
iiiK Kri'i'niii-i.ii , .it'll r». nil- llu " I'liki'iil' Iti.-liim.inl .\i-iii-i.' 
Ill- pi-.-i-iii Mr*. Ti\l..r, (in h.-i- ■>.'<tli yrai ) i- tin- mily -.-llli-i- 

ill ihi' \lll.i;,;i' wli.i nan ..11.' ..I tin- "liv'ili.il .-..hmy ul l-IH ; 
all' I'll! t'.lll "lliir- ill .ill ill till' I '..iiiily, -.. Ia|- a- wi- ran 

.: Mi^. Vaiiiilian. wi.li.w .it' .^i'I'lii'iimI V'aii^'liaii (IIImIi), tt'lm 

l,iil l.'l, ;ilil l'..|lri'»-iiill, (iiilllliiiliril, jlHl Wi-sl nf |h,. \i|hlj;i., 

-lill livi-^ ; Will. M, l''a.l.li.|i, iiviii:; at .\-lit..ii Vill.i^.-; ami 

nil. Ill .111.1 laiiii-- On-iiii. liMiiK ..11 tin- :iril Inn- i.t I :'.iill.i.iiiii. 

It.-aniaii. wli.> -I'ttl.'.l mi L-.i 11. C'..iiii---i..ii ;1, allh.>ii^li 

hi^li lank in llii' aiiiiy, H,l^ a man nl iiinrt. ihaii i.i.liiiaiy 

• wa- till' failnri.t .lai Ili.iiii.iii, wli.. 111,1-iiiil a ilanijliii'r •''( 

',iii;;haii. ali'.M- iin 11I1..111-.I, ami -1 tthil in .\'..iili li..«i'i .11 an 

rill- -.j.-iill.-iii.iii li.i- lii'i'ii i.-r iiiiiiiv vi-a|- l>ivi-i..ii ('.nut 
T'.wii-hipCl.ik ..I N'l.i'th (I..W1-1, i- a .Ma;;i-iiali', l'..iiiiii r, 
1 I I'.iniini'i-i.im-i', uini. a- uiii' ul tin. nlih'-l ami nm-l i-i-»pi-i u-ii 
r Ni.i'lli (iiiwi'i ii'iiiaikiil III IIS, •• hi' i'< iii,.l.al.|\ tin- iiii.sl 
ivvhi i-vi'i- ll\.-.l ill ihi' T.i«ii-.|iip" S'lii'ili ti.iw. r), l.i-in.4 
..111I1-..11-, ..l.tuiiiL.', ami vi-iy |->.piilai-. 

-.Ill ami .Sli-ph.-ii Kyil..il^;h wi-l-i- k.-I 1 l.a. Ii.-r-*. 'I'ln-y w.r.. 

1 tin- 11.1111.' < M.M'rnim-iil 1.. iii-tiiii-l llu- . liililii-n ..t llic mili- 

i-l-. Till- f..i-nii'i iiaim.l wa- Ili-l -i-iil. inn liali-ly atli-i tln- 

i.r Ih. -illl.'iiii'iit. Ill' wan till' lii'-l ». I I ti'a. hi'i wiiliin 

it I'.iiiiitv lit I'aili'ti.ii, anil tin- iirh.i"l-liiiii-t' m wliirli In- 

• al-..llii' lir-l III' Ihi'kiml in tli.' I ''.inil\. It w.i- |.ri'. 1...I l.\ 
nnii'iil. wh.i-i'iil him mil In I '.ina.la muni alli'r llii' r..iiiiali..ii 
ill. 111. Ill -pi. iailyiii ..i-.iipyil, al a -alarv ..I (.'.'.Il -ij;. p. v 
III- W.I- -11. .-..|..|i-.|. atii'i- .1 -li.ii-t ti'ini, li> Ml. l-!\ii..ii;:li. 
» nii'ii.i.lii'm-y tin- (ii.vi-iinin-iil wiilnlii-w Ih.-ir .ml trmii iln- 

il III- r4iiiiiiii-nriii ami r..|itiiiiii'.| 111 t.'iu'li tin' lir-l -. I I ..iln-r 

\i-iiiim-iil S.-I11H1I ill ilii- pl,i.-.'. lli'ihi'.l ill Iti. lini>iii<l wliih' 
.1111^ man. It.-inu a Kri'.'iii.t-..ii.llir Initi-rnily Inniril him, ami 
h.- lir-l M.i-..iii. Iiiii.'i.il ill tin- 1 '.aii.ty. 

.1 .Mall", k, th.iiii;li iiiil\ a -itucinnki-r, wa.- a iiitin nl nnr.iin- 
i. Ill- liail a l.iinily, lit w'liiiiii ..111- ^-iili iil'li'rw.inl- i.-pii-i-nii-i! 
\ 111 I'.irli.nni'iii t'.n- 111. my li-ini-, .1- wi'II.ih l.i in>; I--1 .1 lum- 11- 
,\ liil. Iw-.i ..Mil I -i.ii- 1'.. -I- 1.. p..-iln.ii~ ..11 111. U.-m li. 
alln uaH a •iirvi',\m, ami a man ..I' 1; 1 ii'piitaiiun in Imh 

■II l^'I'Kiimt win an .Viiii'ri.an,a millwii^'lii liy m. iipiilimi, ntnl 
ili.i liiiilt liiilli ^.'lint .iml -aw mill L.ri'.ij.i l.v.n. Th.- l.-i iii.-r 

I I'll llli' -pi 111}, all. 1 Iin- HI till 111. Ill ..I 111.- pl.ii. , .111.1 lini-h-.l 

i-ai' l-:!ii. 'I'lii' H.iH 1. ill uii- l.iiili .1I...111 t-'.'l. I p III ihi. 



tiiui' .il'thi' i-miipli'tiiiii .if tlu'-i' v.'iy in-ci'-sary a.ljiim't.s I.. I'iv ili/ati..ii, 
tini inlialiilaiil.s win- iilili,;,'.-.| tn piiniiri' llmiraiiii what Imiili.-r lliuy n- 

ipiii-i'il fi Wi-iHhI'-iiiill-, at llnll. Of lliit lall.-r arti.-h' tli.-.\ .liil with 

liiit littli', liiiililin;; li.ui-i-s nf lu^'-, ami i-i».liii^ tliniii with iln -aim-, 
" li-iiii^'ln-.l." Mr. Si'i-Hiaiit ilii'il at l!iiliin..ml .-..mi al'lir tin. ..inplitimi 
111' till' iiiMls. 

•I.i-i-ph lliutmi, till' lasi al..'Vi' iiaiimii .if tin* i-arly --I'ttli'i'-, wa- .1 
iiativ'.' I.f Ir.'laii.l, liiit ai'llh-.l in Ki.'liiiinnil alimii l^'MK wlii'ii '[iiil.- 
ymili;.'. Hi wa- p.i..r. Kill p..s.s.---.-il i.f ih..-.- trail.- wlii.-Ii ijiialily -.. 
many llimi.san.l- ..f ..in- -i-ir-nia.h- iii.-n. II.- -^i.i.lii.illy ar-i-i- l.i a Ii'-ilin;: 
p.i.siii.iii in piiMi.- .ill'air-, I., in:; i:.-i-\i..f Kii-liiii..ii.l I..1- many M-ar-, an. I 
Wiii'.li'ii ..f till' rminty fur a niiiiiln'i' nf li'i-ins. Hi; 11. iw- ri-i.ii-- ni-ar 
nuaw'ii, aii.l tli.nij..h iilil in yi-an i.n ynuiii,' in spirit, iiinl imiii' y..iillifiil 
I'ai ill iippiaiam-i- ami phy-ii'al . Iiala.l. li-ti. - lliaii llii ln.-ii.>iil\ ..f 111. 11 
-liil liialiy y.-ars hi- |tllii..l 111 Ji..inl ..I a;.:.- 

'rii..iii.i- Spi.aili, ,1 n.ilivi'iif .Mill. .11.-, Ii.-I.iii.l, -i-tll.-.i in Kk-Iiiii.-ii.i 
ill l>-L*ii. .iinl ilicl ihi-ii- in l^lil. {)a\'iii, in hi- ^' Iri-lim.in in ,Vin. rii.i," 
-talis ihal mi laiiliii!,' at tlii (.'hamliiii Mr. .-^piLiih- wa- ..H.-n-.l all Ih.- 
Iti.liiaiiii' Laiiil-, imlmlin;; I'arliaini-iit Hill, i-ii., f..r .'sT.'i. 'I'hi- i- iii.ini- 
h-slly an i-rr..r, a- Ih. -1- 1. 111. l.i w.r.- in 1. 1 priv.iii- pr. ipi-i-i\ ; ami it is m 
ili-iit, Irmii iln- -iiiii--i..ii ..I i-M'iit.-, tiial till ll.'ini- I nn 1 iiiiiii-iil iiivi r 
iiiU'iiiliil ill. 'Ill til lie, a- tliiy iiiii|..iilili'illv li.nl tin lli. haii ( 'anal -iln. in.- 
ill sirimis i-miti'iiiplalimi mr -inn- I'-I.'i. I|..w.vi-i, il appwii-s ipiil.- 
I'l'i'lain thai .Mr. Spi-..iili. wa- ..ll'.ri..l Ian. I f..i .i -.mu' wlii. Ii m.w mil. ran - 
llu- ..^ii-al.-r pail ..f till- I'apilal I ily ; I. ill, lik.- luaiiv i.llnr-. In- tli..ii-lil 
liiililii..n.l w,i- ill-till. -.1 1.1 1..- 111. ,L;ri-al .ily .-f Ihi-' li-:;i..|i, ami .I1..-1- 11 
i a.s lli- till nil.' I1..11U'. Ill 1. .-I- 1. 1 an iiilliii-niial i.siii..ii in iln- o.iininunily. 

.111.1 lii-iami afli-rwai'iis ih.- lii-i ...i- 1- ..t tin- I il.l lialhiir-l Hi-lii.!, 

ttliiih lli.-n .-..mpri-i-.l iln- i,'riali-i pan ..f Ih.- pn-.-nl r..iiiili.- ..I C.iri.- 
I.iii, I. an. irk. .ml K.-nfii-w. lli ti.i.k .1 l.-a-lini,. pari in r.-li^i..ii- atf.urs. 
aiiil wa- .llii Ily iii-truiii. -llial in ;-.'.'. .inpli-lun^- tin- l.uil. lin.u .>t Kiiliiii<.ii.l 
Kpi-i'iipal l'hiir.-li— till' lir-t Cliniih in tin- t'..iiiiiy nf Cni ji-|..ii. 

l-'alli.-r .M.l'.. 111-11, an i'.\i ha]ilaiii ..f tin- army, aii.l a Catlnilii'. w.i- 
tlii tilst . l.-l^.Miiali 1.. piiai-h a .sirimiH in tin- -.-lli.-nu'iil. Il |....k 1 l.i.-.- 
vii-y -nmi .illii- ill.- i-n-.li.'ii "f iln I l..viriiiiR-iit -. h..nl-li..ii-i, ami Ih. 
llii-i-liliL; wa- Inl.l tln-i.-in. Fallu-r .\U-|l..iu-ll -iili-.-.pi.-nll'.- In-.aim- 
I'li.-hi.p .if KiiiK.stiin. Hi- .liii.l afli-rwanl- in .Si-..llanil, hut his i-.-iiiaiii- 
wi-i.- In.. infill t.. Kiii;;s|,.n h.r ii-inU'i'iin-iit iiiaiiv yiaislati'i-. 

.\ .Ml tli...li-t pi'..i.li.r liani'.l 11. -.ily w.is ihi' -.-...ml hIi.i .-v.-r 
pii-a. li.-.l in till- pla. i ; ami .Ml. I i I. -11. a I'l.-I.Mi 1 iaii iniiii.-I.r i I-iw li.-ii- 
spi.k.ii "I, wli'i iiia.li' hi- li-.im- ill |{i.-lini..n.l. wa- tin- i-arli.--t ri-i.l.-iit 
miiiisii-i', ami ill.' lliir.1 III pria.-li th.-ri'. .Mr. Hi-aly ii.-nl in -lay, .lining 
Ills visits I.l Iii. liinmiil, al Sii>;t.-Maj..r Hill's " lliiki- ..f l(i.-liiii..ii.l 

.\inis," anil In- wa- nfl.'ii w..iil In app.ar llii-H' wci 1.. tin mi. I. lli fi 

lli- l..ii'_' 1111.1 t.'.li.iii.H j.iiiru.'y - tlii..ii};li -w.inips ami .iv.-r .sli.-.iin-, w iilt- 
.ail .-niu. \.im .-, .111. 1 .-' .11 willn.iil i-..a.|-. .S..im.- .if ..111- p.-. .pi.- imw.i.lay- 
iliiiik, amj ii>;litly, that many ..f mir iniiiisiirn . if llu- il..-|n'l -ainl 
parti, ukirly tin- .Mitln-lisls .siUJ .iiHrr in ili,. ih-h l..r Iln- pr.ini.ilimi nl 
tlnir .Mastii'- .ali-i' ; lull miihl lli.-y liavi -.-.-11 .Mr. lli.ily m Mr. ( II. 11 
ill till' I-arly ila-.- nf tin- Itii liiiii'iiil -i-iil. imni, wln-n i.-iuiiu-.l finin .1 
ii'li^:i..ii- mi— imi nf a iiiiipl.- ..f.lay-' -li-a.ly ti.iinp lliiniij;li iln- prinu-v.il 
wihliiiu-ss ami iiiti'i-iiiiii.ilil.- swamps nf ihi nhl l!alliiii-i llisiri.-l, iln-v 
w.nilil Ins.- thi'ir pily l.>i- tln-ir siiiii'ssni's nf tlii ].i'i-iiii .lay. .Ml wh" 
f.illiiwi-.l till -ai'iiil lalliii,' Will- fii-f ti. i-miu' ami ■. • wln-n' ami a- ih. \ 
plia-i'.l at ill.- " I'uki I'l Iii. hinnii.l .\riii- ; " it- pr.-j-i ii-i..r l.i-iii^' a mail 
nf lii'iini.l.-iil Hull, .iml \- r\ -li-..iii:l\ in fa^-rnl aiiylin.ly ..; anytliiii^ 
whii'h l.'ii.l.-.l I-, li.iwai.l lli. a.lv.im-.-m. nl ..1 i-ili-i.'.n- .'.r i.lm,'iti..nal 
iiislrnitimi. 

Tin- lirsi . Inn. h Iniill in tin- plan- w.i- iln' Kpi-.-.ip.il. ami tin- lii-i 
li-^iil.irlv l.'.ati.l pi-.-a.ln-r ill,- l<i\. Mr. I:iiin-. Il i- al-.. .-laiim .1 ih.il 
this wa- tin- lil-l . Iiiiirh l.iiill in llu- I '..iinty — liitm. llu .Mi-tlinili.-i ..n 
I 'hap. 1 Siii-i-i, .iml till ..I.l I'l-i'sliyiiiian mi tin silr nf .Si. .Vmln-ws' i.i 
nl'l liM.iwii ami llial ilio ii.-ai.-t t"..r .-.nin- tiiii- siiLnnpiiiitlr was mn. 

ul Mull mi il Ill liaii.l. ami l.-rih ..n llu- ..ilm-. fp p, ijii« tinu- lli- 

I -i-liiinl-linii-i- ha.l i-..iiliiiii..l |.i In- 11-.. 1 fir tin h.ii.lin-.' nf ivli.v'imi- .a. i 
I I'isi-. Till .il-nvi vii-w ninal .iiiaiiih l.i tin- i-..rri-.-l mu us p, ...mp ,. 

I .iiivi liiiii' t.ir till' Iti. Inn I ( ■ath..Iii . hiiivli i- ilaiim-.l 1.1 lian- In, n 

j Imilt as uiirly a- Isi.'i, nr oirlaiiily iint lalirtliaii I'-iill ; win iwi- ItMnwii 

wa- lint lli..iij;lit ..f till tin- lal'i-r yi-iir. ami tin Kpi-. ..p.il .:liiir.-li .it 

l<l. llln.i-nl was l.iiill a liiinil-. r nl i.-als p|-i-\ inil.s In Ih. I 'illi.ili. , Kath.-r 

: ll.-r..ii was 111. hr-t i'.i;li..|i. ini.-si win, pi.-,-i, h.-.l m Kirhmmi.l. Hi. .11 1 1 

i i-aiii.. j.i-rn.ilnallv, ami it w.i.s thin Inn an mii-nii.si.in. KalluT Smiih 

was 111.' Lciilarly stalimii-.l pi-iisl afli-r tin iiliuivli wa- Imili, Inllnw. .1 

I liy Kailiir I'lilh'ii, win. wa- in turn sui-.-i-cU-,! l,y l-'uthn u'('..iiii..r, ih. 

pi.-. Ill im-iimliinl. 

Till- lir-l 1 hilil 111. Ill ill tin- -I'ttliiniiit I- -aiil In h.ivi- lin-n in 11. , 
fiinily nf liarn-ti Fil/.^i-ralil, an i.x-i-i-„-t. nf tin lililli lti-;.;iiiii-iit. 

liifi'ii-mi IS hail ill nllni' phn i-s|.. ih,. ^i,.,,! -lanlH nf, ami ilitlK'iillv 
I nf pi-.iiiiriii).', ilnmistii .-iniiiialn in tin i-arly .lay-..f Iln I 'mini v. .Sn;;i,a( 
«n» il, ill fai't, thai Ini a Imu tinii' iln- Im U p...-,.-sni ..| a mw ..r a 
I lini-si', nr I'Vi'ii a pi^, wa- 1. ;;.inU..l a- .1 s.ni ..f arist...nil. Tlni. I..1.-. a- 
. Ih.- .iwn.-r nf III.- lil-l ns ami llu- lii-nl ...w i r lli.-«i-itl,-i,ii-iii, Si-ii,i. ,\l.i.,ii 
Hill 1.11 111. I f..r liniisill ttii- m.-l .-nviiiLh- i-i-pnlali -n -.f ai,\ man in ih- 
: .-..liiliiiiiiil\. Wlii-ll In- unl ill. -Ill In- ha.l In l.iiiin lia\ I1..111 Hiaiill. 

li.ipiil-. 1I..WI1 till I! ill. -.Ill .mil lip I In- 1 1 Iw I. nil ihi'i. .-, 1,1 f,.,.,l I him 

lln..ii.:li tin- wint.-i ; .111. 1 lliis rniinin;,' -In-rl, iln- nw ii.-r w,i- -iirprisi.l i,. 

-i-i' llinii Ilk,' In 111,- w,.iiil- ami Mimi Liiii-n ii| Lmw-i-, in-ii-ail ..I 

-lar\ illii In il.-.iili, .1- In- snppiH.-.| llu-v w.iiilil. 

Till- plan nf tlu- Vill.iu'i- nf Itii linininl, a- nii:;inally l.iiil mil l.v I'ni. 
Ilinki, wa-i.n an I'stinnui , in.t Id -,-i\ >;i-.iii.l, -. al.-. It i- vriv 1 vilini 
fi-..in llli- ill, It il W.I- pliiiiiii-.l ami ivpi'i-ii-l in 1.- a "ii-ai inwn al -..111.- 
Iiiliiii il.iv. ill Willi In Wink ninfi' an lli. pi'.ipln ,ln nnwa.l.iv- wlmii 
layinu' .nil w.-ti-rii "niii-.' Tlu-i-i- .mi Kinlits nf !».., I. .in. ami »i\ 
aiii-iii.-li f.n- till ministi-r'. r,'-iil, 11.1, 1 liiii.-li. .iml ;;ravi-\ai-il, ..f la. h--l 

111' till- -taMishiil' I hull hi - llu lilpi-. ..p.il, I'li'sliMiiian, .iml 

Itiiniaii I'allii.li.- 111. ".Ii-.'iili-i- h.-nin .l.-i- I w.nllivnrii Ifiil . I 

thnsi' liltli- pI'ivili'JJi-s, ,1- llii-y ur, -ill, I -llpp,i-l-l tn 1,,-. 'I'lu'li tlll'l-.. Will' 

-IV .1, lis h ft f..r .1 " park,' ami ..11 tin- l.it ih,. .., hnnl wa- -ul im-niU 

liiiill, ami imw til" tnwii-h.ill -tamU iln-i-i- als... In la, 1. win- n- li.is 

'■' I'll"! Ii'i'l llirmi^li till- VilhiKi-, il rniiinil- liim .Ir-mjlv nf lli.- 

ti'i'in |in|iiilarl\ appln.l tn iln fitv "f \\a-liim;i..n ilinni;; war limn 
" 111.- . in ..I iii.ii.'iiili..nl ,li-laii.-is, ■ .\ml -n, h n , , -„ |,ir utlliKivtnit 
I ..| .liKl. 111.1- iiiav iiiaki il iii.l.;iiili.. III. 

I It li.i.li lair .It mn- linn, linwi-Mi, 1.. la- a Inwii nl I'M'i'plimial 
niipnilanii' : anil I'vi-n Inn .,li-i.i|iu-iii in tin- ihiys nl ,.li| llilnwii it wa.s 
I a Inimniiss ,|.|ili.|. m un nu-itfi impni'taiin', 1 n'litiiiiiiii;^ al niin tiini' 
: .1. .-.Lliii;; 1.1 111. nl.li-i inli.il.ilaiil- nf Iln- viiinilv at I. .-I a -mii- nl 
j lir-l r,ili -inii- ,iml a ilnz. 11 I.l. WI rii. ami ili-tilh 11, . 111 in limits. |i 
I ll.iW ..nit. 1111- lull I ui-n,-llll -Inl.-, a 1|„|| Imp-, I l.l... k-lllil li-ll..p-, 



COUNTY OF CARLETON- 



- wa^),""-9Ji*^P''*t •' shoe-shopB, 1 tnilor-tthop, 1 >teiuii saw iinil^rist-inill, 
1 wii'.ir-iiiill, twii hnli'li, 4 Llimihcs, 1 -ilinnl.au'l ii tnwiiliull. 'I'lu' 
liilc-t a^soi-snii'iil K'Hirii flinws it to tuiitain u ("•|niliiti"ii ul V24, cm- 
linuin^'l'lnUoi'ityi-tN.nwiiiiig l.riUO acru.Ht'l' !.iji«l.a!l flwliit h iaitiipr^iM't), 
aiiil valued at ?4'l.Sftl ; InnftliiT with ?l,ili«i wt)rlli i.t inisniial |.npiHTtv, 
('\ihisivr 111 Ul I'atlli', 7r> »lii'i'|i, W) iii^'s, ami li;! Imrai'S. Tim almve 
i-ituni >hiiw< a railing ulf nf iifaily liiii in |>ii|ailalioii .siii.c ISTli. 
I)iiiini,'lliatyi>ar a s|KTiiil 'cnsii* wailak™ t'oilln- iiiir|'"Si' nf iliiiTiiiiiiiii},' 
till' iinlilliLM' nt lici'lisi-.'* wllicll tilt' law alluwcil tlu' Cuunril In issiii', and 
the ]i";'iilatiori was tlii'ii rcliiriii'il a* b<iii|,' ."i20. In tail, lin' ~tiir.v nl tin; 
• U'si'ittil vil!a>;t' strnngly foivi's itsi'lf liHfnii' i.iu'''* niiml nn taking' iii-* lii-st 
tup to liirliinonil ^jn'iiter an a icniini^ii'ni'i- I'f wlial was, and a rcniimU'i' 
I't' what nn^ht liavr lieen, than as a i-ialily nl" tin; pit-sent nr an assuraiiif 
III" tht' liiliirt*. X'lTV many nl" tln' I'liililin^'s lia\i- an ahaiitlniu'il ami 
ililapiilalisl aiipt'arani't.'— 11" part nt" tin' i liarai'tfristiis nl" niii' hfaltliy 
wt'stt-ni tnWlls. 

A iiiiinl't.'r nf the very tirst liuildin^'n I'l-octi'd stiil stand the prin- 
cipal aninlii,' tlit'lil Itoilig the Iniilding iinw noi'iipii'il as a rt'siilelict' 
and slnre hy Win. Mi'Eliny, thi' rL'snlt'inf nf .Mrn Taylnr, and that nf 
Iti'iiip.sey. Tilt' tirst iiaiiu'd was ^/h' tirst liniist' t'l-t'i-tt'ti in t!u! st'ttlc'- 
iniMit ; and arniiiid it are prnlialiiy entwined inoie, and nmre iiiterest- 
ini:. Iiistnrieal ii-ssneiatlniis than are eniint'cted with any single I'diliee 
in the t'nnnty. 

Ill it was nrgaiiizeil the first Masmiie Lnilge in the Cniiiity, which 
sat litre many years. The tirst i lraiij;e l,nd^'e in the I'nunty, ami 
the third in I'pper Canada was also nrganized and enntinued tn 
meet fnr many a year beneath its rnnl. 

Hut tlie t'\ent which ^ives it a eelet-rity nmre than a11 else, is the 
f.iet nf the Ihike nf Kicliinniitl liaviii),' Indited there the iiiiiht hefnru his 
death. Kvery liislnry id" Canada, hnwovi-r inr'iiii)'Ii'te. inutains 
lerei-eni'e tn the Dnke of Ri< hnmiitl, and his nnnaliiial death, 
aii'i nn twn aconiints wo have ever seen are alike. Witliniit 
taking credit ftir a cnrieot versinii nf wh.it li.is heretnfnre never 
Ween sn ^nveli - sn far as we have seen we will Jllst reliiaik that the 
fnllnwinu accniiiit was ^deaned I'.v iis frniil an eye-witness, and sllli- 
Btaiiti.'ited liy a nninlier nf ntliera imt eye-w itin-sses. hut wlm were in 
the vicinity at the tunc, and nil the spnt iniiuediately .-tfter and re- 
inemlier every incident distinctly. 

Ill the tii'st place, it slim, Id lie lueiitiiuied that the liiike nf liich- 
innnd was .i man in wlinin, fnr very many reasniis, an nniisiial aniniint 
nf iiiti-rest eeiitred. even Inr a Diikf i r fa- a (Invenmr ileiieral. He 
was tlielirst and mily nne pns.sessin^' the title nf Iliike wlm ever was 
sent tn ^'..verii C'lnada. Hut Ins threat reiinwii st-euis tn have cnnsisted 
III the fact that he was iitlcily destiliite nf all tlmse [irilioiples which 
w.iiild seem tn lie reqiiirc'l nf an Imnnialile .,;i'iit|i'liiali. In say iinilnnn 
nf a (■n\erllnr-tielieral. (hie writer sa\s nf liini : "Tlie I>ilke was a 
linveiiinr hy prnfessinii He «as far, Imwever. fmm pnpnlar as a tinv 
erli'-r III Canada."' Alintlu'l- says : " He was nne nf the L^reatest nf* 
IWitish imtalde — a persnii wlm had ^loverneti rrel.ind t<iiit hirn -/nr mik/, 
ami whn was fain tn pass frniii "lie vic*)-rei,'al eliai'Lit' tn aimther, to 
aiiieud liii fnrtiine winch had heeli mm li imp.iired liy dissipatmn and 
' xtiava,'aiice." Aimther writes ; " III early life he had indiilgi'd ill 
thnse excesses t" which men "f fiirliiiit^ are prune. He li.el heeii 
se.liied lilt" Imrsi'-raiiiii; he had played i"'n/c •( "'.ir at Kadeii he 
h.-i'l liei-n I'llkc.l at thejlerl.y iiii'l "ii the Cntiiieni and hi-,pii\ate 
fnrtiiiic «,is at a 1"W el'i. lint he had neverllieless llie spirit, the 
feelmu-, and the inanners "f .'i llritish ii"l>leiiiaii ; and iintMiilistand- 
iiiK Ins dissipatiniis, nr perhaps nn accniint nf tlieiii, he was held in a 
certain aiii.'iiiit nf esteem liy thnse wlin had the nppnrtiinity nf cmu- 
iliK' 111 I'untact with him." 

Such was the character nf the (invornnr-iiciieral nf Urilish Nmth 
America, wli . lia.l heeii ImT'iu tn Queliec, the Capital, nn the -JSth 
.Aiimist, 1"*1'», tn assume his cninmand, jiist as (he military settlers 
were leaviii',; tn fnrin a cnlniiy which shniild hear his name ; and win., 
scarce \i'I a year later, came tn that cnlntiy t" die. 

Sir I'ere^'rine Maillaml. the then l.leilt.l i"\eni"r "f rpper Can- 
ada, wai. a smi in law nt the Dllkc He h.id lieeii all nllicer in the 
army, and einped fiuiii Paris with the Duke's daiiglitor while the 
allied armies lay liefnie that city siihseipient t.p Waterlnn. He was nf 
c '■!. haimhty. and nverhearing manners, willi iintlnng nf the iniiata 
i|iia ti"s ' " .* A'il tf'iverimr "i the first ve'inireincnts nf a pnpul.tr 
rn'. . ..I ' c<)iiip'»sitinn leaning sti'.ngly tn .i system nf arliitrary 
H<i\ ..aeiit frniii fnrec nf miliiary lialiii and ci'iistitiitiniial tcnipera- 
iiietit ; and that such a man, wlm siiliseipientlx hecanie .'i pliant tnnl 
'if the K.'iniily Cniii[.act, and "lie "f the nmst niipnpnlar nf Canadian 
(Inveninrs. shnild have lieeii f.iisted I'V the ll.'iiji' i Invernment ilpini 

the] pic "f I'pper Canada, simply t" make pi"\isi"n fnr liiiii, 

ill deference tn his fiither in-law, and lint in cilisinuelict: nf Ins litness 
fnrntliie, is lillt aiinthei- e'Ti'lence nf the stale "f servitude, as it wire, 
iiiidi r which the Uiik" nf Uichmnnd lit <1 the llritish Ministry nf that 
day, 

' nnring the siimiiier nf l''llt the Duke visited his snii in law ; and 
nil his return I" I^Miihee, decided t" liiaiich '"if fi'iiN the St Laurence 
route, aiitl make a t"iir re' the alreiidy 'iiscnss.-d military highway 
which «as siilisei|iienlly cnn-trncted as tin Unliaii Canal, and pass 
tlir "igli the \illage which 'mre Ins name, and in the pmspi-rity "f 
which he apparently Innk a great interest Leaving Kingstnii almilt 
tin' middle of .\iigiist. he travcllc'l mi font with iwn atteiidalits tn 
I'ertli, wlierc he arrived mi llie ITlli. leaving mTt nmrning f"r Ifi'h 

in I. riie.listanre was thirty mile- there was m, mad except the 

" hhize ' In mark the ii.iuse, .and even at that time nf year much 
water lav in the -waiiipH. He siieceedi'd in getting as far as Scrgl. 
Vallgliail's (Lilt 15, Cnn. :i), alimll Ihlee mill's west nf the Village, 
when ilarknes- and the aliimst imin'iietralile swamp iiiturvening, cmii 
pilled hull In lake .piarlers fnr the night. His twn atteiidant.t, Imw 
ever, succi I'lc'l III wading thmugli the suamp, and arriving at the 

Village.it mi'lnighi ; the s,.tt|,.niinl was s .istir with the repnrt 

th'it the liiike was near at liaml. Karly next ninrnim.' ( I'.iili the set 
;leri emigrcgated. and cnlleciing Imards and planks wlniu and as liny 

cmlld, lliiJirnMSed a series nf flint lil'idges "Ver the wiilst part nf the 
r'lilte. and. meeting the lliikeat Vallgliail's, acenliipanied him tn the 

Village, where lie arrived the same fnrellnnn. 

Having taker ..iiaitcr- ai Si g,-Ma|. Hill's inilili, I -i . tin- 

" M.L-niiic Arm- " 'until then -n .ailed , he -pi nl the day in rialiiiii/ing 
with the iiilialiitants, and in the evening gave a dinni-r tn «hii li all tin 
chief iiii'ii nf the plaie and vicinitv were inviled. It wa- ai llii" dinner 

parly that the Tnwn-liip nf March i ived it- name lieiiig called 

in linnnrnfllie liiike, alter a nephew nl his nwn the Karl nf March. 
Here al-n it was uulictd that snmetliiiig »a- winiig with him, a- in 



Inoking at th ' pmiring ul' water into the gliusos, he tuitchi 
I'd as if the sight gave him exccssivo pain. Hnring the 
evening he hecanie very restive, aiitl at lieilliiiic was sn 
t'nllis, a half-pay nlKeer, and ex-surgemi nf the tllli Iiil'aiiti 
fnr him. He refused the meiliciiie however, and iiervoui 
to walk the llnnr of his apartment all night. Tow..rils mc 
mure ipiiet, ami aide to partake tif some refreshment. 

In arranging the plan of his tmir, lie had so calculated 
he was to he at Hull on the '2iitli, and in the moriiing n 
walketl e 'vn past Cnl. Ihirke's resilience to take a small l» 
of the nipitls, in which he was to he conveyed to Chapnia 
of the road - where " Sipiirc " Wright, of Hull, lunl sent o 
waggon In meet him ami convey him tn " Uichmnnd La 
lurching out into the stream his last night's nurvonsness r 
increased violence, and by the time tliey had gut one mi 
(ioodwnoil he bt'oaiiie Unmanageable, and jumping ashore i 
ociiip.ints of the boat at the place where the lolig.ite im 
ran with the llcetness of a deer through the forest fnl 
attendants, whn disciivered in their arrival at '• Chajinian's 
passed their shanty and entered the barji, a shnrt di-tam 
the river. 1 1n gniiig tn the barn, he was lonnd in a lit, 
face nn a hay-mnw. Tliev reiiinvt'd him tn the shanty, and 
sent fnl Dr. Cnllis, wlm shortly alterwards arrived, a 
withniit etlect. Dr. Kt'id, an cx-army siirgemi, was sent I'l 
but the Dnke was dead Iniig belnre his arrival. He only I 
a short time alter being t.ikeii into the linii.*e. He ilii 
cainp-bed, which hi- attendants always carried with them. 
mil bv .Mrs. Hill imw Mrs. Taylnr and had for his slir 
fiilly-ipiiltcd silk lied-i{iiilt of his own, which foniied 
tiavelliii'; oiitlit. It was a peciili.rity of his to cany In 
bed and bedding, and ii/icue.^ ".ic thtm no matter where 
night. His corpse was put into a plain deal box and coiivej 
iimiid Landing '" by the -.iiiic waggon which " Sipiirij " 
Inrwardcd Inr liis use ov'"r that part of the rniite. tin .irri 
b.itieau w'liiih was tn meet him wa- already awaiting him 
taken by it to Mmitreal and thence In tiutbec, where he 
with great pniii|i and ceremony in the I'mtestant cathetln 
Suplember. l-l;i. 

We have seen a number iif dill'crent dates given by as 
nf the liiiku's death. It oci'urred on the rnrenonu of th 
August, l-sl'.i. Thisiscmriibiiraled by a iiiimber of witiie 
the evtuit fresh in tlnir meiimrv by nil, in fact, who wer 
at the time : and in lonkiiig over some nl the late Mr. Mi 1 
an cx-Col.-.Sergt. wlm died twn years since at Kiihnmiid 
eiitrv in his nwn hand, in a daily diary, and under the ii 
" Iliikc nf Kiiliiimnd died tn-day, at Chapmaiis faun, :i i 

Kichninlld."" His disease was generally sllppnsed to havi 

phobia, frniii the bite uf a tame fox, wliiili he had been 
lime previously. Many dis|iiile this with apparent g 
tliniigh lailing In aicoiint Inr llie real cause. 

This Clia|>liian. at whose place the iJuke died, was the 
Loyali-I who ninvi'd in Imiii the Si. Lawreiioe fnuil, an 
nil hi- then Ineatinii as early as l!t|.'>- though the exact dal 
The abiive nielanclioly iiccuirence drew atleiitinii tn hi 

s arterwards rcciivcd a grant nf the Inl when'mi he wi 

(1;(. V. Cnn. K. K. Nipcaii . It i- imw the well kiinw n liy 
where the '• Itichmnlld linail," a- .it present istabli-le 
lloi«lwood--ineeling there the nld ami original mad. w 
iinly cut out to that point, which was known by the till 
the iiiail " just a- the town of .Vylnier, mi the North Sli 
for niaiiv veart as siinplv "the end nf the turnpike, ' ii 
nf Hull.' 

The surveying of the Township had been n nipleted 
pari "f that seasmi (I'-MI) by .bilin McNaiiglilnii, a well 
to all the older I'e-idints iirityiown and vicinity. He la 
nnniliir of Town-hip- thrniigh tin- (Itl.iwa Valley, and 
Cniinty 111 Cailetnii. He 1- still living a very "Id liiai 

Iri 1. .Mr. Me.\rtliiir.of tilniiccsler TnvMi-liip. ncirlMti 

111 legaid tn the ipiality nf the land in and abmil 
nriginal settleis< made an excellent seleeli"ii. I'mliitbl 
be Inlinil in any cniliitrv nf cnrrcspniiiling latilinle m ■ 
This chara.teristic dne- nut apply tn the land lliiniiglmiil 
ill which It is situated. Imwever ; tlnle being a very larg 
area of very ponr land in ( Imilbiiiirn langjig ihmiigh all 
bnttomb— bogs and swamps tn pure sand m- pine rmk, 
tw" i'l iimrc nl'tlic abiivc. in every shaiic 

t'uriher lli.iii the ipiality of llie -nil. the posiimi nf tl 
as to ri'i .iiiniicnd Ki. liiimml. Tin- beautiful Itive; 1 1. 
inipmtant tribiilarv ..f tin- lliileaii, llows ilnmigli il. and 
C.ipl. Lvmi biiill lilt Inst mill in the Cnuiily. 

This' river was called by the liuliiins ilic " Jii. k." a mi 
i- kimwn ill all early cliaii- and -iirvev-. It was . Iianged i 

allerth Illcliiiiil, finlu the lail, a- snine alii ol 

tioiial i|iianlilv and rale ipiality of the nmsl valuable v.i 
being fniind ai'iiig 11- bank-, Il is said that nmre and 1 
Its way tn llietjiii'lii'i markel lioiii lln- banks of the tin 
the dav- of the early linnbering "lu'iiitiinis in Carletmi 
i.ilersir'am nf ei|n.'il -i/e or liiiglh. Inlmv nr -nice. "I 
-ill "I the le nalnlng "I this beaiililill -tieam i- tli-pule I 
s,i\ that it was sn i.ille.lafter aiiicrnf llie same name III 
run- Ihrmigh ilic l.irmer estates nf the Dnke nf III. hiim 
The number and character nf its liii«iiiess hmis.-, 
-Imw a lallnig "Ma- cninparcd In alilerinr dales, wliii h 
paiismi Willi ihal "I iillier items g"iiig I" make up th 
. niiiili III ti.wii. The decreast ill pn|illlatliili liasaln ailv I 

.\t the In f till' estimate (nlheial nii wliieli the -e 

Municipal Lnan l-'iind surplus was based il anmiintiil 
!<'.I74 I'll I iveil by the \illage Irmil ihat luinl was i hiilly 

ing a new budge nvir tlnti Iwiinil, 

Theliisi liramniar Sclmnl in the Cniinly was nrgi 

under the preseiil Sclmnl ,\cl it was di lilllled as a 

|s;.'i. in conciirrenee with the report of the High .Selmi 
M' Lenn.ni, mi incniiut nf the inaileijiiacy "I llie 
Thiy still have what i- . mi-ideied a very gnnd I'lildn Sc 
tW" ti'ai litu--. The building is nf Iraltie. "iigilially I'ostl 
and i» ere-ted on llie original " I'lirk" "f the new, or 
a- 1- nis" the Village Hall, lniili some veals siin e at a c 
The Village is the seat of a Division ( 'unit, a Miumii 
Orange Lii.Ik«. nil ilirrr of whii hare the n/dnf in the l'n\ 



CARLETON.— Continued. 



xxxin. 



IK of w.itiT into the ^Iiusch, lie twitcluHl iiml jump- 
avc liini rxccssivu imiii. hiiriiiK tlio coiirsi' of Ihu 

very rustive, iiiiil iit litilliiiu' wiis bo ill tliiit Di- 
cer, iuiil ex-siir^ooii of the fitli Infuntrv, prescrilu'tl 
il tin* iiicdiL-iiie however, ainl nervoiiMly eoiitiiiued 

is ii|>iirtiiient all night. Toftt.nU luortiiiig tio wui 

to {inrtake of aoiiie refresliiiieiit. 

[iliiii of his tour, he hail so raleiiluteil the time that 

on the ^Otli, anil in the moriiing t>f that day he 
ol. Ilurke's vesiileiH'e to take a small hoal at the loot 
lieh he was to lii' rcuiveyeil to C'llu|>nuin'.s - the ellil 
' S<|nire " Wright, of Hull, liatl Rent oututeam and 
II aiitl I'oiivey him to '* Hiehinoml Ijaiiding." thi 

'Ireaiii his huit i.ight's nurv<in»ness returned with 
and by the time tliey Iwd yol one mile down llio 
Aunmanagealile, and jumiiing ashore in spile of the 
t at the pliire where the lollg.ile rii'W slands, he 
's of n deer through the fonal tollowed hy his 

rered ai their arrival at " t'liaiiman's " that he liatl 

nd eiiteroil the Itarji, a short clistanre haek from i 
, to tile ham, he was found in a lit. lying on his ; 
Thev removed him to the shanty, aiel imniediatoly I 
who shortly afterwanls arriv<-d, and bled him j 
Ueid, an ex-army surgeon, w-as sent for to I'erth - | 
•ad hai^' before his arrival. He only lived, in fact, | 
being taken into the houst-. He dit-d on his own ; 
• attendants always earned with them. Hi- w-as laid [ 
o\v Mi-!t. Taylor and had for his slinaid a ln-aiiti- [ 

b<|Uilt of Wih own, which formed a jiarl of his 
t was a peeuli.rity of his to carry his <i\vn .imp- 
id nln-aus u.if' fhtm no matter w-heru he passed the 1 
as i>ul into a plain deal box and ronveyed to '* Hieh- 

the s.imt. w-aggon whit-Ii " S«|uire " Wright had i 

o>--r that pari of the route. On .arrival there, th.' ! 

iiieel him w-a- already awaiting liini, and he w-as J 
,eal and theiiee to C^uebee. where he was interreil ' 
d rireiiiony in the I'l-'ilestant cathedral, on the ^th 

nuiiiber of dillerent dates given by as many writers 
h. It oi'curi-eil im the forenoon of the 2it|h dry iif 
s is \ .prrolmrated by a nuinbei- of w-itnessts who have 
ii-ir nu'iuorv -by <i//, in fact, who w-erc on the spot 
looking liver some ol the late Mr. Mi-Eliov's papers 
who died tw-o years since at Hichmoiid we tind tin- 
nd, in a daily diary, and under the abov,- ,late : 
I dicil lo-day, at Chapman's laiiii, :i miles n.-e. of 
tise.-isf w-as generally supposed to liavo been hydro- 
tc uf a tame fox, whi.li he liatl been petting some 
Many dispute this with apparent good grounds, 
count for ihe real cause. 

at whose place the buke died, was the soji of a {' . K. 
1 in Iroiii the St. Law-reiioe front, and " sijuatte.l" 
,-is early as l^^l.'t- though the e\ait date is uin-ertaiii. 
lolv o,-cuM-iUice drew- attenlion to his ,ase, ami he 
eived a grant of lln' l,,t where.ai he was ihen settled 
Ncpean . It is now- the well-kuoun ll\ers' properly, 

uond Ibwlil." as at luesent establl^he.l, -trikes tile 

gtheie thi- "Id and original loail, wheh was then 
L point, which was kiiow-n by the tide " the end <>f 
the town of .-\yliner, on the North Shoie.'was kiio\Mi 
(imply " the end of the turnpike, " in the enrly days 

if the Township had been n nipb-ti-d during the Inn- 
(I**!*.!) by .tohn MeNaughtoti, a well-known lit^/i-n 
dents III Itylown and vicinity. He laid out a largc 
liips through the (ittawa Vailey, and several in the 
He i- still 1i\ ing a vi-ry old man with an old 
iiir. of (ill incest cr Tioviiship. m-.ir (Mlawa. 
>' ipiality lit the land in ami about Itn liinond, the 
iile an i-xcelleiit si-leelimi. I'roli.ilily ii" b.-tler can 
iiiitrv of corresponding latitude or simihii climate, 
does not a|iply In tin- l.ind IhnMighont the Township 
ted, however ; llieie being a Very large pr.portionate 
lid ill I liiulbiiiirn ran;; Jigtlil-i nigh all the gr.tdesfrom 
J swamps III pure siind or pure rock, nr mixtuies "t 
above, in e\ery shape. 

le (pialitv of the •oil. the posiiioi III the place is such 
tiihnioiiil. The beaiitibil lliv<>; i iimdwoiiil, the most 
V of the Itiileau, Mows througii it. ainl upon its banks 
ic lirst mill in the Coiinly. 

alle.l by the Indians the " Joik.'a name iiy whii-h il 
lyi.hail- and survey-. It was i hanged to" (lomlwood ' 
I, fii.ni the lad, a- sunn- alliim. ot such anexcep- 
I rale i|uality of the must valuable v.iiieties nf timber 

II- bank-. Il IS said that nmre and better oak bminl 

lei market lioni the banks of iheiiomlw I, iluring 

riv liiliibering openitinns in 4,^lr^'toll. than flHlii any 

II. ll SI/,, or li-nglll. before III- -nice. The ab.ive ver- 

ag III this beautlliil stream i- liisjnite i by ntlicr-, who 
ailed alter a liM-r lit the same name ill Kiigland, wliii h 
iirmer estates of the Ibike nf lli. Iimmid. 
nd character of its biisiin-s Jimis,.-, as aliov<f Htattnl, 
I- ciiiiipari-d to antcriiir dates. wJNcli i only in com- 
i| iithei items giiing III make up tin- aitiibiites of ,i 
1.- dccrea-i ill popiilalion has alii adv been referred to. 
- istimale (iillicial mi which the -ettlciiieiil .if tin- 
iiiiil Hiirplii- was based il anioiintcil tn 4.^7. .iinl the 

III- \illage from that fund was i hn-lly spent in biiild- 
ivei- iheti Iw I. 

mar Sclmol in the ('oiinly »as organizecl here, and 
Si'hiiiil A'-t it was disciintinued as a High Scliool in 

with the report of Ihe High .School In-peclor, \)t. 

,11-iiuiit of the inaiiei|iiai-> ol the SI 1 l-biiilding. 

lal is I iin-ideleda ver> good I'ublic School, employ im; 
e building is ot Iriimc, originally costing some *7,.'iO(l, 
he original " I'ark" "f the new-, or lalln-r old loHii. 
ige Hall, biiili Hiime veais sim .• at a i o-t of #(10(). 
till -eat of a Itivisiiiii ( 'otiit, a Masonic Lislge, uinl an 
iliiri nf which are the ii/i/m( ill the Cimiity urleton. 



Tliu present number of the Musonie Lodge is 151), U. K. C, and its 
name the " lioistwooil." It is the only one in the Cuiiiity uiitside uf 
Ottawa Cilv. lis present nlliceis are ; 

W..M.,'.lohn W.Salchell ; S,\V ., T. W. Hill ; J.W., T. II. Sliil- 
lington ; Sec, Hugh Keilly ; Tri-as., I). .McDougall ; Chap., A. W. 
Davidson ; S. I)., J. Kemp ; ,1 D., 11. A. lieiinett ; 1). of ('., Dr. 
lieatty : Stewards, \V. llurioughs, ,1. It. Hill : I. CJ, K. Hill ; Tyler. 
H. Dempsey. 

The .Muuiiioal history of Kichmond, ur at least tho lie)jii'ning 
iheieiil, is told by the iiiinules of the first meeting uf its liret Coancil, 
which w-c herewith .ippeiid : 

" Ity \irlue lit an .-Vet of the Provincial Parliament, passeo in tie 
twelfth year of the reign of t^ueeii Victoria, chaptered eighty one, ami 
entitulei'l--.lii A'l !■! i,iw-i,U' Inj imt ilriirral /.iiiic fur the cm-lnm ,■/ 
Muititiji'tl ' 'iir/i'Kitfooi.v, il-c, inaiiit for the iUtim, 7'okjjiji, 7'('M-/i;s/a/«.s, it tut 

ri//i|.(..< 1./ r/ii Pniitm-'-," 

** The .Municipal tViiporatioii of the Village of Uichiiiuiid assembled 
at James .Mcla-an's on the iZlstday of .l.iiiuary, Iw.'itl — 

" When there were prc-enl : (Icnige lirown, Thomas Ijci- i-, 
Patrick McKlmy, .1 imcs McLean, and Win. II. K. Lyon, they linviiig 
been electeil iiuaiiim ...-ly al tin- Village meeting held on the Ttli iiisi., 
no poll being di lii.iii.leil, when il ua- ■ 

•• Moved by Mr. .McKlmy, -c. led by .Mr, Ibowii, That .Mr. I.voi, 

be lleeve. I'.-irried unaniiiiouslv. 

"Moved by Mr. McKlm) , ■-ecnmled by Mr. McLean, That ihi- 
Council do now .uljiiurii. Caiiied un.inimously." 

Thus Kichnioiiit iimk its [il.ice in the lamily ol Ineorpoi-aled \'illages, 
the proceeding- iieing ceriitied by " (iairett Kit/gerald, acting Cleik. " 

.\t the iiexr meeting .1 most fnrmid.ible array of Miiiiii ipal ollicers 
were ap[iiiiiiteil, ,is fi.riiiws : (Jarrelt Kit/gerald, Clerk ; Jos. Iliiiinn, 
.\iiditor ; Kiibcii W. Ia-.iu.s. I i-eii-urer ; riioiuas .Miller, Itugli Koss, 
Thomas Itirtcb. As-c-.-ors ; .Ue\. Itry-on, Cnllector ; James .MeWilty, 
Pound-keeper : J. lilies .McLiaii, .VnlliMiiy l''iiuriiicr, Andrew- Taylor, 
Cousiantim- Magiiire, l-'eiice- Viewers ; .\iiiltew T'aylor, AiithoiiyKour- 
iiier, Path-masiei-s ; lienige Lyon, Patrick .McKlroy, Jose)ili Hiiilon, 
Hew-ell Ormsbv, t-'liarlcs P. rinunpsoii, Sii|ierintendeiits of llighwavs , 
Kev. ,lohii Kli"iil,Supl. nf Sil I.-. 

U w-as a big ihiiig iheii lo hold ollice, and the penple knew- it, and 
everybody wanted one, and .ilnio-l eveiyboiiy got one. There was a 
test \ote on the appiiiiilmeiit of Path-maslers. 'I'he yeas and nays weie 
called, and it wa- declared a tie, and decided bv the ca.stliig volu of Ihe 
lieeve. 

Mr. Kit/.,'cial.| i ontiliucd loa, < .is Clerk till .lilly lilli, \>iM, wlit-n he 
was sill I eeiled In Tiioma> .Millei, as Cleikaiid Treasurer, who h.is hlled 

the double pii-llluli ever since. 

.Mr. Lyon held the po-iimn uf Iteeve till his death, in L-'.VI, and 
(Jeorge lliiiwn w.i- ill lied nil the I'llli uf September uf that year to till 
the unexpireil term. 

Joseph Mini'. 11 was eleeied to the position for I H.''i.'i, and held il fur 
tliii-e years, luiiig replaced by .Mi. lirown in IN.W, wliowas again super 
se-lcil by Mr. Ilinloii. in l^.'ill. He held the Ueeveship till IHi::i, when 

'I'll .1- l.Miii tilled tile I hair line ye.ir.and .loliii .\. Mi-y-un birtlie iie.M 

tliiee. v\liiii Mr. Hinliiii w.is .igaili retiiilied to the posifi III in l-siiT the 
lirst \eal "f till- 1 lecti I Uei Ve by p.. pillar vole. Me ciilltillued lube 

ele.tiii III! llic liiiii »ueci-i-iliiig vear-, alter which Tlmn . \. Lyon 
was returned one year |i7l'), foIloHcil by W, II. Ilutb-r, .wo years, 
»lii-n Dr. lieaity calm- in in l-7.'i, and still holds the pusiiion, his being 
111- fiiirth -uii e-si\i- M-ai. l-'olliiwing will be biiiiid a ciiinplete list lit 
the Mnnicip.il ullii el- t.-i the pre.. cut year ; 

Dr. I'.eall.v. Itii-ve 

.Matthew Ueiinctl, W. H. liullir, Thoiiias Lewis, William Mcljuire, 
Coiincillors. 

Thus. .Miller, Clerk and Tleas. 

Will. .Ml l-'.liii\ , John r.ealii.in. .Vildituri sjilaries Jti.lKI each. 

Thus. \'. Lv.iii -alan *IK), As-essur. 

Adam ll.ill" -alary *2I1 . Cullectur. 
' Henry Demp-e\ ii»l.."iii per day). Street Sniveyur. 

The rale lev led ilie pie-ciil vcai wa- I Jc. ill the diillar,aliil the ainulint 
uf taxes eiillicliil #sOi1 ; .it whii h ji.'iiiii were applied til Scliiiul and 

Ciilinty Iilllp'i-e-, aililtiie lialance tu lucid illlpluVelllellts. 

The uiily per-iin now- luiiig in the \ illage wliu was a memlii-r uf ihe 
iiiiginal iiiluiiy ul Isil-- i- .i .Mrs. Taylor, at thai time wife of 

Serge.lllt-Ma|iil Hill. -i-M-l.il tilile- above-melltiiUled. Shi' is 
now 111 llel ."<s||i year, bill in pii--e"|uli nf all lii-r faculties 
til a very leiiiaik.i'ile degree, buih mental and phy-ical, except 
that -he is a partial cripple linm the elfecis of being run uver by a 
waggiiiiiil the .iiuiv 1 ram iluniig tli« rclreat afieruneuf the i-ngagemetils 
ill the We-lern I'eiiiiisiila 111 Is[;(. Hpi' hiisbaiid belungud to the '.>'Jth 
l-i-gliiient, wliii II w .IS sent we-I. and tho-e w lii> had w Ives . en- uliliged \>\ 
(ii-ni-i.il lllilei- I.I leave llieiii beliiiid. Slie, liuvvcver, ilisregalded the 
iiider. and I'ulluwed her hii-bainrs legiiiienl ali thriiugh two campaigns, 
and was prc-i lit with hlni al a number nl b.ittles, iin billing .N'lagaia, 
Chippewa, .mil 1,'tieeii 'on. She 1- an l-'.nglisliwoiiiaii bv birth, having 
I lime to I ■.iiiada 111 \':<'i. and i- a ii niark.ible specimen nf the longevity 
and pliv-i'.ii aiiil mental vigur inhei-iiit in Canadian piuiii ers. 

Tl gh It will be -eeti liiiui the above accuiint that Ku hiiiund has 

been Inr iiiaiiv- vear-on the declining graih-, and tliougli it his Imig ago 
reai lii-il th.il -t.ige when it fill- to impart an inteie-l to ine traveller or 
sti-angei, tliiiiiigli any nieiil-nf existing pro-perity m- cfimmeri-ial iin- 
piirtance; yet it- early a-socialiiilis, the laii-es which gave it birth, and 

the cilcllin-talli >-- and illllllenccs eulinecled with its lirst setllemellt and 

subsei|iieiit develupmi-nt, will always iii,|i,,it III it an histnrical interest 
which will l.i-t, even -huiilil tlii-s|ii,i wliii-h now kimw-sii reiiirn again 
to the loie-t, and even -liiiiild it- liicaliuii bcciime .1- miii-h a matter nf 
cunj.-cliiieaHthat of thi-Tuweruf Isabel or lln- Holy Sepulchre. 

Jii-t iniw tliii-e a"iii-ialioii-, Ingi-tlnr with the fai I that ll is connected 
w-ith the C,.i|iit.d by a liin-t exiellent i-uad, pa--iiig tlirougli a coiiiilrv 
which i-lurllii iii,i|nr porlinn of ilu- -Jl miles uf an excepiiunally line 
chaiiicler. iiiiiibine lo make il ,i favurite aiiiniig the many places of i-isiut 
in and abiiiii Ottawa, and as -iii-h it is lilieially patronized by visitors 
In the Capital, a- well a- br tin iti/eii- tlii>iiiselvcs. 

NSPEAM 

Thi- i- Ihe must impurlant T.iwii-hip in the Cuuiity of f'arlelon,.-iiiil 
1 fnuii its pii-iliiiii. -iie, we.ilth, .mil pupiilatiun comli'ined, it i- -ocoinl 

niilv III utiaw.i il-ell. Allhnll-b l||,.ieis Tuwii-liip lepniliug a 

larger pnpul.ilinii, the iiicna-e nf .S'epeali ap|ieai-s tu he su rapid as lu 
] priimise tu -iiiii place il in advance of all. Though but the hiuitli 



XXXIV. 



HISTORICAL SKET( 



'r.iHii-lii]. ill -lit; uiiil hiiviii;; "llii T lliri'c ti>llii\viiiw it htv rl'iffly in 
I'xifht ul iirni, il vi'l sliiiiiU iilii.iil liiiHa iiiillinii (Inliiir-^ IiikIut mi tlii' 
iis<(— iiifiil riilN iliiiii iiiiy "llicr, ih'I'Ikt its iii:tiinl imr ri'liilivi' pn-ilinn 
licin^,' ilmiijji'l liy iiin.ilizali"ii. Tlic iiiiiiilii'i- nf iicrcH nf laiul wiihin 
il-i limits i' iii>,77l, "!' «'liii'li :il,!K'ii aru iiiipnivi'il, luin;; tin- l!ii|;i'-t 
|irn|inili.iii ,i| iiiiy 'I'.nMi-liii) ill thi' C'ninily Tliis i< viiliii'.l iit 9-2,]7\i,- 
■i;!ll ill llic liitisl a-^i'ssiiiL>iil ri'tiini. Tliu |iio('cs» cf i'i|ii.ili/.iilii>ii dni', 
iimI mil. h M\-A N.pi'iiii. It -iiuiiis to 1.0 till' iii."li-l Tii«ii»lii|i ill tlif 
iiLinajjiiiiviit nl miiiiii'i|uil airiiii--i, a I'ait >iittiri('iilly ihdvi'Ii liv llii< uiif 
tir.iiiii-l.iiii'i , tlial ill till' la-1 i'i|iiali/atii>!i wliirli tin- variiai* as'^c"^- 
iniiils C.I llii' ('..iiiilv iincl.iwiiit, that nf Nuinan wa» (.lily oliaii^'i'il 
C lli-:;u I'll ci'iii.. the 1..W.-I rliiiii),'i' 111' any niiiiiii ij.alily. 'I'lic ].i.|.iila- 
tii.ii, ivlii.h «a- (l.rilO ill 1.177, iiLiuasiil .'i:il iliirinn tln' |.a-l yi-ar, 
IpL'in^; II..H- 7,ci;il. 'I'liiii' all' ni'aily l,70i> ratt').ayi'rs llu. Lir^.'-t iiiiiii- 
In'i- i.f any iiiiiiiiri).ality in tin- Ct.iuity. uxi-L-pt (Ulaua. TliiTt' aii. 
8ll7,l."i(i i.r |iir'i..nal i.ri.|ii'ity iKsfssc.l anniirt ihu ii'siiliiil iate|.ayiiN, 
MJii.-f sl'.tk ..t li'.iiiL-lir aniinalM is ii-tui'iit'd at ;I,rilii .-attli-. -.".(il 
^]ii'i'|.. I,:i!i',l li.ir-i's, an. I 1,117 |'i},'s. Tlio li.lal am. .nut ..t taxi-- li'vi.-.l 
wa-. .•::l'ii,7Il',i;!i, uf wlii. Ii «i| I ,i>!Mi.(J!( was lor siliool iniipo.-i-. Tlii- i^ 
a!-., a lair avi'ia;;.' of llit< ^.'lll'^al li'vy, i'xci'|it tlwt llif ('..nnly lali's 
Win- a trillr Itiijlu-r la-^t year. 

Ill ri'uai.i I.. ^'.■..;;rai.lii.'iil {...^itiitii, tlia'. ol' Nrpi'an i^ -.. a.lvanta;:.'- 
oii" as I" liav.' 1. 1'. '11 III.' lanvi.' ol' l...',itiii(,' tlii' Kr.'al iiiililarv .anal tiT- 
iniiius williiti its ii..i'tli-('asl roriirr ; an. I lalcr, in makiii',^ llic T.>\mi 1.. 
wliiih that oi'iMt |iiil.lie work Kavi' hirth 11"' ( 'ai.ital ot ih.' nali..ii. 
Il i- -ilnal.'.l in tho aiinl.' lorm.-.l liy tin' ri;;lil Lank ol thi' llttawaaii.l 
ill. Ii'l't l.aiik ol' Ih.' Ki.li-aii, llii' lonntr .'Xteinlin^' al..ii^ its noillu'iii 
li'.nt ^om.' tw.'hf mil.'-, an. I th.' lalt.'r Lirmiii;^ its ca turn l.oiiii.larv 
lor a .li'taii.f ..I' lil'lc'ii. Il~ ^..iillit'rii li.(un.lary Ih iIic 'ro\viishi|. ..f 
.N'.irlh ilow.r, aii.i il- wcsli-rn, lli.' T..«ii-lii|.- of (l..iill.oiini aii.l .Mai.h. 
il li.- in lliu l..iirlli raiii;.' ol To«inlii|.- ha.k l'r..ni tin' St. I.awnii.c, 
tut. I wa- llu- lir-t 'r..vvnslii|. ..I' that lali^.' wlii. h was siii\.'\,.l ..n ih.- 

Icll hank ol Ih.' lii.l. .01. an. I lor a I. .in; linn' tli.' ..iily -. It a{>|..ar« 

t.. lia\.' I.. I'll on.' ..rili..'-i' laiil .all imm.'.liati'ly alt.r tjii' l.irm,ili..ii ..I thi' 
l'i..vin..' ol rp|..'r Cana.l.i, in I7IM, l.nt it .'oiiliiini'.l lli.' ..nl? oiii' lai.l 
oiil iiorlli ..r till' :tr.| ran,.;.' an. I wv-l of lln' Uiiloaii, until soiiii' coimi- 
.h'lal.lo tim.' alli't llic l.i'i4iniiiiiK ol iho pi.si'iit .'riitiiry. 

Till' lir-l iil'i'ivnii 111 N..]..an in any pnl.lii' Ait nlalin^ I., tmi- 
■ il ilivisi..ns is loiinil ill iho :i's||i (Ii'i.. Ill.,.'lia|i .".., passcl l.v tin' 
^.l'..ll.l I'alliami'iit, tliir.1 si.,si,,ii^ in |7.,ls, ami as.si'lili'il 1.. I.y Itoval 
l'ii..'laiii,ili..n .ft ,laii. l-i. Isiifl '|'|,i, \,.i „•„, i,,,. .^^ ri'arraii(.'i'nii'nl ..! 
.il.l .li-lii.'l~ aii'l ilii' r..riiiali n ..I'mw i.ii.'° It lormi'il Ihi' I 'oiinlii'- ol' 
l.i'i,'.l-,ilii'iivilli',aii.l Carli'toii inlollii' Distrii'l ol,lohnstonii,at thrsaiin 
niiii' I.. rilling' til.' iii'U ('..tiiity ..I (■arl..l..ii, whi. h wa- .i..-..ril.i'il a- "tlif 
'r.iwii-!.i|. ol Nip.aii, wiih a lia. I ..I Ian. I li. I... lo'iv .Iti-r iaiil out iiil.i 
■r..wii-l.ips l..iw...'ii N'.'pi'an aii.l I liiii' ili.iwn imitli, li;- wi'sl Ir.im ih.- 
iiorlli-«. 4 an(.'li'..llln' Township. .I'Crosl.y, until it inti'iHi'iis tin' Dllawa 
ItiviT," \r. This -hows Ni'pi'an to liavi' Ihtii survi-vi'.! previous I.. 
17:1^. ami Ihi' .nily T wnship ..I' tin' ori:;inal ('uuiily ..I Carli'loii in- 
ilii'liii.^ ill', pi'i'-in! I'li'i-l.Til .livi-iim lit ih.. -anil' naini', .'Vi'i'pt Marl- 
1... I..' .111.1 .V..rlh lo.w.'i. alni..st Ih.' I'litiio f..|iity ..f l..iiiark, ili.l |.art 
ol thi. I oiliilv ol' ll.'iill.'W whi.'h Has l.ii.l oul lill'alti'r IHlNI, 

Till' siirvi'Vor, or who originally .li.l Ihi. w..ik wa-siipp..»i..| i.. havu 
l.i'.'li ill".wni'.| in till' Iti.li'an. llo hail just linialii'il " scaliiij; " tho 
T..wiiship,..i I... iliin; its ^'I'li.'ral ..ullilii', plai'inj,' tho slaki's for I. .Is ami 

<'olK'.'ssi..ns ,'11'.. nil. I II ulsi.li', whi'ii hi' niy-U'rionsly .lis.'ippi'.iri'.l, ami 

was n.'vir ag.iin hoanl ..f. Tho last sta»i' liu pla'nti'.l was ii.'ar lli.' 
Ili.l.'ail. .it till' i'.Iki! i.I what w.'is afti'i'war.lH known as Dow's Swamp. 

It IS lai.l oni upon III 'iniual plan ..f 11 Most suru'Vi'.l Town 

ships III III.' .'..iiiilry. in mill' ami :i .piaitir i .'I'ssioiis, aiol numl.i'rs 

I'r Iw.' fr..nls ..iio raiini; Ihi- Ottawa ami tho ..ihor III.' Hi. loan, 

iho linos running N III \V. ami ,-i. .-.ll \V I Loin^. at ri|;lll aliul.s. 

Till' siinoy wiiH iinnph'ti'.l after tho inihiary soltluiuout of Knhn il 

t..ok phu'o, I.y I'l.l, .-sh.'rw I, of Ur..okviih', »h.. hail Iho o..iiti..u'l 

fi'..ni Iho I o.voriimoiil, thouyli ,lohii .MoNuunht.ai, IM..S., «'ii» tho ono 
wh.. .|i.l iho a. Hint Hoik. 

.\ voiy lai'.'o p..rli..ii of thin Tnwnahip win "ilrawii" I.y I'. K. 
Loyalists for Ihoiusohos ami ohihlroii provii.iislo Imk). Tho virv 
Ki'oal iiiajorily of iliom, howovor, iiovor saw thoir laioLs, l.nt holil 
Ih.'i.i f. .1' a .halii'i' to soil 1.. ai'tiial sottlors or spocnlators. Iholrallio 
in r I'), l.-in.l ol.'iims l.oinj.' in Iho latt.r pari ..f Iho last (.'onluiy ami 
l.omuniiiR of Iho i.ri'sonl a l.iisimss which assnnio.l lari;o pi..p..i'li..iis 
jiisi as iho Lai'torof Tniti-.l Si..itos s.il.liois lami wurrantii. or thai of 

half I.r. .'.I sii'ip il r own North Wosl. .I..oh at I'lo pri'soiil timo. 

Aiiioiio ihoso who a.'.piii'i'.l a larijH niiml..r of siioh olaim. in Nop. an 
H.is liloo llonovwoll, of l'1'oso..lt. Ho was an .Vni.'rioan. I...rii ill llio 
.\l..hawk Vallo\, Now \'..ik, wh.. sorvo.l in iln' <'..ntiiioiil.il Army .liir 

111..; Ih.. l!o\..lui Ho Has 111 liivo with a yoiliii,' holy, li..H.'\ir. 

wh. .s. falhi'l Has a "T..l'y." ami hIo. was ..lillt'oii lolly to I 'allad'i aflor 
ihi' ol'.-o .ll tho Hal. \i>' iiiairio.l hoi. ami wan siil so.pi.'iilly imlii.'. .| 
hy h.'i I.. i'..iii.' Ill t'aiia.la ami join hoi poopl.'. who lia.l solllo.l al I'ns 
r..tl soini; llmo plovh.usly. ilo .Irew laii.l iiii.lor ( o.vi'rn..r .siiim'oo's 

I'lo.lam.iii f 1711:!, ami IiIh « ifo al.s..iliow luml us a I, K. la.yall.sl 

Ihi-H.i- ..11 ilio hank of tho .-St. Lawroiico, iioar wlioro I'loHoolt noH 

sMli.l-. 

Wh.ii Ihoir si.ii Ir.'i (ivho v.ui, a cliil.l six wooks .ml hIiou iIiov 
oaiii.' L.Tamnla «'■''»' I ' I"' a lunii, liin fathor ^'avl. liiiii livo I'. K. 

.iaiiiis. ..r I.INHI aoios ol lali.l, in Ni'i.oal., on i litioii of hi- roim.vino 

li.ii' I., s. iilo Ho a. .'.pU'.l iho ..llor with tho ai'iuiipanvim; . on 
.llii. .11. .111.1 .loi'ol.llliuly 111 tho Wllitoi ..f INlHI-ll) ho lain. n|. ami 
ch..pp.'.l ihiwu four aoiin i.f to;.l,i,.|', ami orooto.l a !..« 1i..iiho ..ii iho 
I'loanny, ..ii l.ol No. ail. t;,,n. I, (lt|.o,a ;''i'..iil. Ilotlnn hoiiI l.aok |.. 
Iho .sii. I.auionoo. ami in Kohriiary of th.' iioM your. IHI I. roiiirm.l 

I" his I Iiiihil..ii..ii with his family, Ih '11 o..miistiiii; ..f hi-Hifo, 

forniorli a Miss An. Irons, of Piosooll', hIio.s,' |.o..plo hoio i.f Wolsli 
oxiiaoti.ui, I. Ill .siil.so.pii<iiil\ Aniorieaiis, " r..ii.s, ' an.l T. K, 
Loyalist I'ofiiKooa in siii'oos»mli, ..iio »..ii (Huo lloiiovwoll, still liviiiu 
ill I llawa), ami two ikiiiohiors. 

"i" ' !'■ '.'i\ ""■ what Has oalh'.l tho Putnam Kulllolni'lit, oiyht 

mill's al.oM' .Moiiiokvillo nhich was l.nt lalolv sollloil . on tho no, 
..loin; Iho lliiloaii ll. Iho I1..k'» Uaok li.ipi.ls, at wliioh ho slriiok oil' into 
Ih.. f..ii'sl for lliH roiiiaiiiiin; .liBlaiioo. Ill- family ami oll'oot- woro 
.Irawii I.y a y..ko ..I oaith. ..n a ••jiiinpor." lln thoBavho sioppo.l 
..\.'r iiiohi al Ih,' li,,iiso ..f Mr. II,, «, i,f KiliiiaiiiooK, hoyi'ml .Morri.k 
iillo. fathor.. I Iho .M.iliit; la.ly hIi.. allorHal'.ln iimrrio.l llrailish Itil 
llims, ami hoialiio iho lilsl soltlor in ( llolioostor Tins was iho last 

'n'''i'^'l "Ini'l' sholtoroil Inni or his fainil* till Ihoir arrimi al llioir 

own oal'in on Iho (Iriiml l{i\or. 

Till, li.iiis.' ho m..M..I int.. was Iho lirsl l.iiill. hh ho ami his l.imilv 



wi'i-o tho lirst sottlors, on tho wliolo noiitli si 
vory mat tho hank of tho Ottawa Kivor 
SI tlloi's, s.aiio oiolil yoars lator, cut out tho 1! 
.h.iio.i tho ..111 hoiiso an.l hiiilt on t!.'- r..a. 
I'ouh.val I., till' I'liiloil StatoH many yoars aft 

Thov l.urni ..11', .'leaiu.l, ami planloil in tho 
whii'li ll.. h.i.l clo.pp.'.l a yoai previous. Tl 

solitn.lo. -'. lal a- ll ll-i.lo worl.l wa toiici 

Drapor .11110 ill ami -illli'il noar llniii ; hut I 

11 yoar wli.'ii ho yot tiioil of tho l.ackw Is, a 

roniovo.l 1.. ..tlior jiails. Tho saiiio yoar (IH 
into ihi' T..wiislii|. from lli.' m'i(;hl.ourii"oil of 
jii-t opp.i.iio Itr.i.lish IliUini;-. who liiiil l.ooii 
eo-toi. l!.':;.r M....11', ..no ..fa lar;i l'aliiil> ..I 
oxlonsivo liimhor niort'hants of that nanio lo 
lalii.. ill ami -ottloil "li l.ot •-'7, C.n. 1, IHlaH 
l--iri.iii..lh.r ..I tho lainilv, Martin, -illl.il al 

II..1IOIH.1I. .'<aiiiml aii'l .Marhl.' II. iw ca 

-I'ltli ni.'iil- in 1--IH, ami I... .it. '.I a.lja.onl to 
liiit;-' l!ri.li;o miw is. l.owi- William-, with a 
ilani;hti'r. -ittloil in the imniiilialo iioiuhhoiiil) 
H.is I'lih.r ih.' lalo -iimiiior or earlv auliinin, i 
riioi, H.I- I iiitint.' whi'.il tho ilay ih.y.amoin. 
Iii.iiioiit ihciii fioiii .Moiitioal al-o hroiioht \V 
hiiuily ofsovon, uml Thoiiia- ami William Hm 
llioi-] wiili..iil fainilio-. Tlioiup-..ii -illloil 
Klonl ; an.l iho Hiirroiioh. .Irow l.ilwooii Iliiiii 
S|.,iik- . si It. in th.' ('ill ..I miiwa. ..II whi 
-111 pi. iill\ -.'tth'.l. Tiny liioil, hoH.vor. .1 

In the I'iirly pail of tho' -nininor ..f IHIH, I 
nil Lot :!■'. I'l.ii. I. Th.' -nrviviiio imlivi.lual- 

;;iM' iho follow ili^i a-lh Iv ..|i.'- .m tho l..ii|.' . 

lato,i-thi'Hiii:orof IHI s- 111: ll'.lt. 1I..II. > Holl 

Tl i| I, in ll r.loi iiamiil. coniiii;; li.a 

nitawa. Chapman Ha- al-o ..II tin' 'I lwo...l 

ha-t a- oarlvas I'll."!. Al Iho Hi. loan wore tin 1 
niakiiii; till lainilios in .ill in th.' T..wn-lii|. at tl 

111 tl l.'ii Wo ha\.' .■ii.l.a\..ill...l t.. traio 

Mr. Honoywell, alter a .l'o.hI many Mars, reuio 
.lio.l th.'io'i"! years a.;.'. Hi- -on .l..hii. horn ^ 
whitoihil.l i ..III ..n till' soulli shore. Hi- -on 
appro.i.hini; l..ur-i'oro Veai-. still live- in iliia 
MO..!. .11-. po— es-in.o a romaikalilo ile^'reo of ph> 
poH.r r..r ■ who ha- -i . n -.. many -ea-i.ti- c.l 

.\l.raiii I>..w eloaiisl a farm ami rai-eil a tan 
him-elfof .h..loiaal liytoHii, in l^:i'J, 'Inn 
that hail'iil opiil.nii... S.imuol ami .Marl lo l)o\ 

ship till I.H'.'7. hIo II tli.'V r.. veil I., the liii 

ant- ol Mr. Willi.ini- ar.- -nil at i, tin- rosi.l. i 

Ml. Tli"iiip-..ii liv..| an.l .In. I m llo- T..w 

his H wh.. w.r.' men ..f ..mT^-y, eiilirpris. . | 

ami private inlliiome. ,l..liii. - f Willi.ini, : 

Th..iiip-..ii, has 1.0011 1 lUiiioct.sl with th.' iuanai;"i 
lor iii.iny y.'ar-. Ho i- m.w l)i'|.iity-l!e.vi ..Ml 

Th.'M... Ill's wore am.ii'.,' tho ame-l.'is of -.. 
inlliii'iiliil lamilie- of the Hi-lii.l. Maitin was 
link. ..t l!i.hiii..mr-.'..rp-.'. wri- a.l.iil.l.. >.'k.. 
t.i "Tlio Lau.liii^' ' I'll., il.iv.riim.iil ijranlo.l 
tlio -orvi.o 

Th.. lir-l niarria^;.' ..li ill.' -..iilli -hole look i I 
M e. The p.illie-all 1.1 lolioe.llo then. nth -lo 

ami .lol. .M....ri', l.roth.r- of II. .^oi, I llo' yoni 

Pioiitiss. lino la'li.iy. a ,lu-ti.e of the IVaco, 
the l.iiiij; Suiill to iimrry tlioiii ; uml tho con 
Nonoan, lu* the law- ol Lower ftinaila tliil not 
ci\ ll iiiariiii>,'o-. 

Thiil'o were tlireo lir.'tllel- of the Mi'Colllli 

-oille.l ill Hull some lime |iii'viiiii- toihal in wh 
yonin;i'-l, -ottleil in Nopoan. The lalter -iih-. 
-..mil -h.'io, an.l roiii..vo.l lo Hull al-... Tli.'V 
. I. ■■.ell. I, ml- horeal..>iit-. .ui'l am. 'in; Ih.'iii are i,i. 
Hal men .1 Ihe lonimiii.ity. On.' ..I the .M. 
timo later, was the onlv .iiio of lour who e-capi 
iip-i'ttiiii; of a Iiiitioaii in wlii.li lliev woro cro-si 
rhi.-e ilroHlio.l w.le Ilii 1 1 iiii i ll M.'.H'o. .\-a V 'U 

Mos.'- Holt wa- an .\iiii ri.Mii wh.. .aniolo Hi 
in 1*^14.1111.1 oiiiv li\e.| a \i'r\ -Imrt liiiie in N. 
alierwaiil- leinovino lo .\\ liiioi, anl -till Liter 
he -till li\i-. Ho was lino of Iho liio-t lehluii 
proLaLU lln- iiio-t vviih Iv known, of any of tin 
oilhor -hoi. . llo .Ir'ive lli.- lir-t -la-i' thai ov.'i i 
Th.' I. mil' was Loiwi'i'ii Hull ami the LoU;. Saul 
-lunmerot l"-l-. IL' larriisl the tir-l mall im", 
(lll.lHa, the I'lilllo Liillt; Lv lalioo to Iho Chal- 
sonoois hail to " paiLllo llieir own lalioe," ami 
11'. w coii-iili ralilv over loiir-ioio. His s.oi, M. 
hou-e in Aylinoi- a man kii.'Wii Ly i very i. no 
( Ittiiwa I ..iiiitiv. 

The rhapinan laniily .illei w.ir.l- m.i-tly e 
.>siai.-, th.innh -..me ..f lli.' .le-.. n.laiil- of the m 
Ni'pean ; an.l a -mi of hi- .... iipii.l hit many v. 
the iiiaiiai;oiiieiit ol rown-liip allair-. 

.lehi.il I'ollins, an Anioiiian. kept tho liist 
It \v.i--iliialeii al the point known as IIoIIowh' 
olio llellow-, a iiatno of lleltow-' l''all-. Von 
t'ollins. The latter laileil, ami Hollows Loin.] 
tinneil in Ihe lni-inos- thole till iilinul Ihe liim 
town. Itellows wa- a Laiholor. A -i-lor w 
imiitieil .III Anioiieaii who eaiiio in jii-l proi 
llMiiHii, hIioii liolLiH- I'l'lninoil to the tlniloil 
anil kepi a liotiL < liiltv 's allei Hani- on Koli 
lir-t 111 the pro-eiit limit- ol IMiawa 

Many of the iinii who inaiiL'iir.itoil the li 

l-mith sll'le, .IH well a- oil the lloltll, Hole .V 

wa- L\ IIIIIII I'etkin-, whtiso liliioksmiih--lio|if 
lloii-o iiou -tamls. was tho lirst of tho kiiol •• 
The ^teal liinilieiin^ inloiv-ls wvvv iiiuiii;ui.il 
,.xclusivi'lv liy .Vnn'rii'uiiH ; ami in vari.uis olh 



)RICAL SKETCH OF THE 



■ liim «-illi,Ts, oil till' wlinlo miiitli slinio. It stniiil firii{iimlly 
III till' li.iiili iif till: ottHwu Uivfi- ; liiit wlii'ii tliu iiiilitiirj' 

Siilui' ri(,'lll Vl'lirn IlltlT. tut nut tliu IticlllllDlhl liniul, 111' uli.iii- 
11' iilil licliii'" iiii.l liililt I'll t;.'- iii.i.l, hIiiiv 111' livi'il till lli« 
fii till' I'liiti'il StutoH iiiiiiiy vi'.'irM iifti'i'. 

■ l.iirul .ill', iIuutoI, iiiiil iihi'iilVil ill till' »|ii'iii),' "f l>*l I l'"' l''i"l 
r liiiil i'lin|i|K'il a vi'Ui pri'viniis, 'I'lii'V ri'iiuiiiii-cl ciitin-lv in 



r llllil i'lln|l|K'il a Vl'UI pri'Vlnlls, IMl'V ri'lllilllli-cl I'llliri-ll 11 

«.. fat a< lliu "iil-iili- Hiulil wii eiiiiwiiu'il, till IHU, «1mi 

ilili.' ill MliM M'llli'il lit'ur llirlll ; liut In' liiul ii'iiniiliiil li'-- tliiil 
li' II III' i;ot tiri'il iif till' Inii'ku'iiniN, ulKiii'lMiinl lii- i laiiii, aii' 

t.. ..ihil iiall". Till' Hiilili' vi'ar (ISM Alnaliiiiii lh,K i-aliii 
'l''iwii^lii|i Ir.iiii llii'iiiinlili"nrii'""l "I' Mc-niikvill.', .iimI -.Itli'.i 
■ -ill' llr.iiliiili Hilliiii;-. «li'i ImiiI I'l'uii llnii l»" \. in- in (;|..ii 
l!i':.'ir Mii'.li', .ill!.' "la liir,'i luinil^ "I I'hitliiT'. iiml iiiiric- in tin' 

r hinil'i T ini'r.liiinl- 'il' thai liiilin w irsi'linw i" ""I'. iil»" 

iili.l -I'ltl.'.l "II l,nt -'7, Cm. 1, lllla»a t'linit, in IHU ; an. I in 
III. -r 1.1 III.' laiiiilv, Martin, -.I'tll.'.! al.i.iii a mil.- iipnviT rr..in 

II, ."^aiiinil an. I Mailili' l>.i» caiiii' Iniiii tli.' r{.|..'r Hi. I. 'an 

..,, .1 1 ... .1 ..i; . \\ li ,.-l. ...... It.) 



I'll, .Sainnil an. I .Mallili' !>.>» laiiii' li.nn tli.' I |.|"'> Ki.l.'ai 
II* in I'-lii, an. I l....iti'.l a.lja.i'iil t.. .M.i'iiin |i..«, hIilt.' I!iI 
I.Il;.' n.iH i-. l.i'wi- Uilliain-, Willi a family ..I' tl.ni' >nim ami a 
, -.llli'.l ill III.' iniini'.llali' ni'iL'lili..illli.J.»l in IHI7, 'I'lii' Ma-.'li 
'I' 111.' latt' >iiiniin'r nr t'fiilv aiilninii, a-^ Mr. Uilliii',;-, a.'i.." Iln 
I- . iilliin; wlii'.it till' ilay tli.'V .anil.' il 



li.ilt.an will, h 



I- . iilliin.' Hii.'.it till' nay in.'V .ann.' in. i in' -aim' n.iii.an wni.n 

llii'iii fi..iii M..ntii'al aN.i r.i..n;;lit William Tli |.-..ii, wiili a 

s.'Vi'ii, anil Tllnliia- an. I William Itnm.ws, ..r l'.lll'i'..il),'li'', l.l'..- 
ill'. lit familii'-. 'rii..lii|.-..li -.'llli'.| nil l,..t iil, ('..II. I.nttawa 
11. 1 III.' r.iirr..ii;.'li- .li'.'W l..'tHi'1'ii III. Ill wh.il wan alU'iwal'il'- tin' 
<l It.' ill tin' ('ill ..I I lit iM.i, ..II ulii. h ..II.' nl 1 1 1. I II -nlii.' liiiit' 
iill\ .~i'ttli'.l. Tli.'.v liieil, linw.'vi'i', I liii'tly in Hull. 
I' I'iiily |iait ..r till'' -uiiinn'i' nf IHIS, (!.'.. r,-.' .\l. i '..iini'll '•.tlli'.l 
^, ('nil, 1. Till' -nrviviiin iii.li\i.luaU ..I'tlir iniiit.iiy ■^t-tlli'ini'lit 

Inllnwiiii; a-tlii'..nlv ..n.'- ..lillii- i'..ill.' ..I tin- Iti. Iininli.l l( I a- 

,. : .'..I iwi,. mi II.. I. II .....11 \I \l. I'. ...... .11 1 



.IlnwiiiL.' a-tlii'..lilv ..ii.'~ ..II till' I'.'ill.' ..I till' lEi. Iinmn.l ll I a- 

«in:.'i'..l IKI-I'.I: Unit, IL.ii. v«i'll. Mn..i. , M. ('..nii. II, ;iii.| 
II, ill till' n;.|i'i iiaini'.l. cniniii;; I1..111 " 'I'll l..iliilili;.',' imw 

Cliapman ua> al 1 tin- ( iiini|»n..il, wlli'li' In- lia.l -.'lll.'.l at 

ailya.i l-^l."!. .\t tin' lii.li-aii in'ivtlii' tlir.i' 'l..w-ai..l William-, 
.11 laiiiilii'- ill .ill ill 111.' T"«n-liiii at tlial .Uti'. 
.-.' I.-ii w.' Ii.iv.' .■n.l.a\..iiir.l t.. tr.i. .' ilii' - il'-t'i|iii'iit lii^lnry. 
rywi'll, alt.'i' .'I ^'nn.| many y.-ar-, ii'iii.ivi'.l |.i .'liiia^n. 111,, ami 
1' i"i yian a,;... Hi'- smi .Inliii, limii Mairli, 1.<1I, wa.-i tlii' lii'-t 
III i 11111 nil till' sniilli "liiii'i'. fli.i >nii Kin', a :i;aii mi« I'li.si. 
im; |.iiir-i'..ri' yiai-, "till liv."^ in Ottawa ; i- liiilc. liwirty, ami 

I s-in.L'a ii'iMi'.ikal.li' .l.'i;r.'i' ..I' pliy-iial .•m'rt'y a;:'! "—iital 

nil.' wli.i li.i- -I'.ii -.. many -ra-nii'- rnnif ami n,,. 
II l>..\v rli'al'iil a fal'iii ami lai-i'il a tainilv in Nr]ii'ali. ami ilifl 
if ilinli'iaal Hytnwii, in l'-:i?, .Iiiiiii^! Ilii' |.ri'vali'nfi' llii'ii' "f 
fill . I'Lli'lni. . .'^.iniiU'l anil Mall Ir Onw I'l'iuaim.l in tlii'Tnwii- 
\x-j:. IV In 11 ili.'V r.ninvi'.l In ll..' I ni i' I '<laii >. Tli.' .Ii"-''i'nil 

Ir. Willi.iiii- ar. -nil all „ till' i.'si'l. lit- I Ni'|iiaii. 

i'liniii|.-i.n livi.l all. I .lii.l Ml III.' 'r..wii-lii|., a.i ili.l al-nt»n'.l 
wh.. wi'i'i' iiii'ii nf fiii'i'^iy, I'liU'i'pri'i. . jiulilii' spirit, ami piiliiii.' 
ll.' inlliii'nii'. .Inliii, -I'll ..r Willi.mi, .iml >;i'aii :-nii ..I' ..l.l .Mr. 
Ii.i- l.i'i'ii . .11111. 'I'ti'.l w itti till' ni.'inai^.'nLi'iit ..j muni, ipal allaii.'* 
car-. Ill' i'i ii.'W ll.'puiy-Ui'.'V. ..I tin Tnwn-lii|.. 
i.ili'< w'.'i'i' aliml'i; tlii' aii.'('*l.'i.i of -nliii' of tli.' I.i'<t ami liin-l 
tamilii'- nf til.' |)i-tii.'l. Miiitili W'ii.i tin- "liali wlin ilrnvf tlir 

i. Inn I- .'..rp-.', wrl' a.l.iiiMi' y..kriil "Xi'ii, tpiiii ( 'liapiuan* 

amliii^;." Tin' 1 i..v.'iiimi'iil Knmli'"! Iii-'i :!iNiai'ii'» nl' laml fur 
1" 

r-t mamas.'!' mi tlm .^nulli -li.irr tnnl> 1 la.i' at iln' Inui f UnniT 

Till' partii<all li.lniin,..l in tlir li.ilth -Imi,', tin' imli lu'ilin D.ivl.l 
M.nii', lirnllnr- i.r llnn.'r, an. I lli.' y.niii',- w.inn'ii -i-tiT-, naini'l 
Olli' I,ill..v, a ,lll-li.i- ..f till' I'l'ai'i', rami' .ill tlli' way I'nin 
: Saiilt In iiiaiiy tln'lii ; ami tin' I'lTi'inniiv wa-. piTlnrlin ! m 
Ll till' law- "I ji.iw.r Calia.la .li.l iml rn ..nni/.. |h. v,ili.lil\ ..I 



f..n'imi-t III Xi'ji.'aii, a" tin'v li.ivi' lir.'ii in all ..llii'r parN nl Ippcr Cm 
aila, in ili'V.l.ipinn ami I. nil. linn up tlir r.innliy. 

.M't.r Mr. I|..ii.ywi:ll .,1111.' int.. Ni'pt.iii, it »,i' maiiyy.'ari lu'lii' 

till' ll-ll,ll Mui'.'-Sllif- \1 lliill I'VI'lt till' llln-l pruili'llt I'.II kwnnil- -i lllil W i- 
nlilin..! I., pun lia-i' inlll.l III' |i|iii| i.|| l.,i||n iilitailll'il -Imrl nf .M.illU.'.ll. 

altliniinli Mr. Wris.'lil k. |>l a -l..r.' al Mull, Lul . lii.lly |ni ill.' a., .nii 

ilalinii nf tlin-i' wliii w.'ic I'inplnvi'il liy liim. I''"r livi- yi'.im alti'i lii- 
tir-^t Ht'ttleiiii'iit, .Mr. Hniii'yui'll wi'iit i-.i. Ii aiitiiiiiii in a . .111...' t.. .M.n- 
Ir.-al, I.. piii.Iia-i' n|'...i'rii'-'t.i Ia-1 till tin- -11. .I'lilili. .illtlllni.. Tin- lii-l 
IW'n nf llic-.. tup- il.' iii.i.L' .it. .Ill' ; ..ii ill.- lliir.l III' wa- ai'.'nlit|..iiin'.l l.\ 
U "t'lr .Miinii', ami .iltiiwanU liy hi- -nii Hiii'. 

Dunlin till- KM nf l-'li-l."! 'p..i'k ami ll.iur hi'.a i'.\" I'.liiiijh ililli- 

iiiltt-. prn. uiv. Ill Ihi' -iimm.'i nl LSI) Mr. llninywi'll n.it I'lilii'ly 
mil nf thi' latti'l. iniiM "I'l ii..|ii' at U I'mht''*. all.l a" a la.^t I'u.i..-!, Inni, 
lll'i .snii with him ami w.ilkn.l all till' way In rri'^rnlt I'l liirt f.-itlicr'-. 
pi u'l'. Me prn.'iiri'.l liiiii tIiii'i' Laii't'l^, .'iii.l -.out a man ami ..x tL-ain 
In taki' till' fit.'inlit III .Mi'i'i'i.'kvilk'. which wa> tln-n as far ua tlii'it' wa« 
any mail, fi.r tli.' w.int nf nlii'h limy wi'lc lii'ii' nlilin.'il m hall ami 
I'l'liirii. Th.' ..wli.'is ..f tin' 1I..UI', h.iwt'X.'i', jmpr.iN isi .1 a sni't nl latl if 
i.'t'ilal' IncH, ami flniti'il .l.iwii .-trraiii with it as f;ii' ai llnn'n llai k 
lta|ii.U. Hill' they nrl'i' nlili:;i'.| !•. iinlna.l it, ami, li-avilii; 11 ..11 lli.' 
Lank wli.i.' ihi'V rami.' Imliu', lln'\ '* iill-shfil " a rn.'iil aii'nH'^ tin.' criitl 
..f ill.' Tnu'iiihip ami t.mk tlnii raltlr in with a " jillnpt'r " fnrlln- 
ll.'ilr, wlii.'h tlicy snct'ut.li'.l in .'..ii\i \ inn t.. il.s .h'st inati.'ii, .lafc an. I 
..^..iiml. 

Tlinv Ita.l har.lly ai'i'ixt'.t ii..iii.'. hnwcAnr, w acn liny rciiM-il a \ihii 
fl'..|n .\ll'. liilliiinH, ,,f (Jlnin'cHli'i', ami ,\lil'ani l)"W. win. Innl Viry I'l- 
I'l'iitly si'iiii'.l ..ppn.Hiu' tn him. in N'.p.'aii. Tin fniini'i' actnl a-i sj.i.ki.-^- 
iii.in nf ih.' .h'piitatinii, s.iyiiiL; tiny wi'inniit nf ilniM'Mliiy hiai'il Im 
ha. I s.inir, .imi tlii'y wajitt'il In laiy -.nine. .Mr, lli.;ii'\ wnll an-wi'i'i-il 
that he jii.sl ha.l in'.ni'.'h l.i la.-l liU'liarvi'st, ami iniilirii'i pn.-,ili|y -,1! 
any, whiriiip.iii Mr. llilliiini ii plici that tliry .liiln 1 |.rnp..-|. (,. .<iarM' 
ami II',' thi'i'i' l.an'i'U ..f tl.ini' si||in._' in the ('..I'lnTni' .mv Imilv .1 h.iii-c ; 
that he'll 1,'iv.' him (|l.).«-.ii f,.r tw.. t,:u'ieU ..f ll.iii.' aii.i That if hi' 
wniil.l ii..t ayree in ii.i that, they'll t.ike ilie H.nii' any way. The hea.l 
' .if thin ileplltatinn Mas .1 very .leei.leil man. .Mr. Il..neyuell kli.w li.' 
I "meant liii.i-iiie.s.H," ali.t e.ilisiiierinn it a simple ipie-tinli nf twn t.i niie, 
, he sill. I till- ll..lir -the in'.m'V WW pii.l f..|'tli» uh, .in.l ihe f.il-auel's lie- 
parieil with their prize, ii'jnii'inn at the siieee-- nf ilnir expeilili. 11. 
I This little epismle in.nle Im .liirereliee in the frieliilly leelill;.'s nf these 
piiiiieers, wlin.ie relatiniis inw.iril eaeli ntlier still eiiiniinieil as liefi.re 
! the '• pui'eha-e." 

We have seen thai lip In the 11 f the liiilllary e'lniiv seltlin,; jn 

Carletnii, Inii very fi'w li.iil taken up resiileiiee in N'epe.'in ; ami e\.ii 
fur many years after that, self leiiieiits i^rew iiinre rapiilh ami prn-per 
nilsly III many parts .if the Cniiity whieli li.nl imi lieeii sitlleil nil the 

' Kiclilnnliil li.iail ami liilliiiL's' r.n.lne iii'iL;hli..urli Is were l.ee.me 

!• eniiiparati\i'!y nl.l eninliilinilies. The .-.til-i' nf ihis is Iniiinl in il,,. t'm.t 
! previniisly ili.lieale.l thai ilie laml w .s allea.ly ninslly taken lip in 
I". K. ehiiiiis, ami new settler- pruferreil n.iini; a lilile fiirtlnr ami n,.i 
tinnlainl f..r imihin.^, .>r afii-r the free-nraiit sysieniwas almli-leil I 
ehe.'ipi'i' than it emiM I.e prneure.l fr..iii llinse liniilim,' ih.,-,, ejaims. 
It iinnlil I..' siipp.ise.l thai the iieee-sary travel ihr.iu'h llie Tnwiiship 
lietvve.'li Itu'lilmiml alel Knlnnnml L.imlinn vvliu h siiliseipleiitlv e.iine 
In he kmiwii ii.s liellnws' l.amlinu', a name the »|.iit still retains ttmilil 
attraet set tiers alniiK tin' rmiti". Inn siieh wasm* ihefaei nral least imi 
In any extent whatever. When l..hn l!i'iierls..n sellle.l at i|„. pie-i ni 
Villaue ..' HeU's r.,rner- III l.'H-'T, ihe niily a.l.liii.n.- m.'i.le 1.. the nnin 
li'r .if settlers l.etweeii thai plai'i .'iml Hell.,vv-' l.ai'iiinn, liiv.inil ilj,.-.. 
inelltlnlieil ;us lieilli; lllele mile years pl'evinllsU, wereTapt la'ld'etnll, 

wliii limit a nrist null al I'liainliere Flats; Uilliam Hell. win. kept 

t.iveni Ml a " -I peil" innf.il shanty near the piisenl jiim'li..ii ..f tin- 

Iviiliiiinini ami .\rnpri..r l!..a.l-. Il.nry Warren, iiiinliei man ami piL.t, 

will, selll.'.l .111 l...t H, C.ll. L', I I.K. . ..lie \ llnellt. an eX-.S'l'l;eanl nf 

the liiiiih lleninieiii, wlin live.l very near I'.ell ; .mil nne .Shmililiee, 



^ — - -■,' "' "n ,...., .nin .'[II. .siinniiliee, 

ll'f-'i-- wh.i kept ,1 tavern ..|i the Inl where .Mr. liealman 11. .w livi.s. \ m.in 
w.'i'.' lln.i' l.rnih.i- n| ihi' M.-Ciinii'll lainilv, nf wli..m iw. , iiaine.l Win. li.iv.l was at that tune (aiitiii f -7 1 pilllim,' iipa sh.inU 



l> ■ .- ■ ■! Ill" ■< ■ " ■ U I ■!■ M Kllll I I I , ■ >l t> II< l||| I tt 

Mull -..nil' tiin.' pr.vi..us tntliat in vvlii.h (ieni-n.', wh.. wa- lli 



Hull -..nil' tun.' pr.vn.us tntiiat in vviii.ii (ieni-n.', win. wa- Ih.' 

-lUli'il in Xepiiin. The latter -nli-eipiiiiilv -nl,| niii ..11 ih.' 
re, ami reinnveil tn Hull aU... They h.ive l.iin" iimnliei- ..I 
It- heleal.niil-, ,ni.l aim.lii; llnlii al.' i.ianv ..| the im.-l iiillnele 

..f ihe I'nninninity . (hi.' "I tin .MiCnniii'l'i- .laim- snine 
I', was the nnlv nl f I'linr wlm e-rapeil liniii .Irnwninn .m ||,.. 

.if a lialieaii in wliiili thev were em— in,' the l.itlle rhaiiiliere, 
.wiie.| w.ii Itiniimin Mnnie, .\-a V iiiiij., .in.I \.l.im linin.iiiie, 

II nil wa- an .\ni. ri.'.in wli.. .aniet.i Hull li..ni N> w H.iiiip.liii. 
iii.l niiiv livi.l a very -hmt time in N. peaii, nturninn In Hull, 
- leiiiiiviiit; tn .Xyliiier. aii'l still later t.i I)i s .Iniii'l.iin-, wlnre 
\e-. He was niit> nf the iiii.-t leli liriUt'il iiii'ii ill III- wav, anil 

till- llln-l wi.hlv kllnWII, i.f Mliv nf till' nM -Liek nf -elll..r- nil 
.1. . He .Ir.iv.' ill. lir-l -laj.'Ihal ev.'i laii in ll;.! Ulawa Vailev. 

■ was l.eiw.'in Hull ami ilie Lnn;, Saiilt, ami ilu' -e.i-nii wa-the 

.1 ls|s. He .arriisl the lil-l mail e\erile«pll lieil In ihe I'ppel 
he rniile lieiiiLi liv ealiiie tn the I 'lials. Ill Ihiiie ilavs the pa- 
.iil tn " pail. Ill' ilieir nwn laime," ami pay fai .' Im-iiii ,. He i* 
l.l. ralilv "V.I l.lir-. .'le. Hi< s.ai, M.-e-, |r., keep- a plllill. 
.\yliiiet .1 man kiinWii l.y 1 very niie wlm kiinw- ailylit nt th.' 
iiintiy. 

'Iiapman linnily .ilteivvaril< inn-lly eiiiij;i'aleil t" the fniinl 
imnh -nine .if 111.' .Ii-i'i n.laiil- 111' the nri.,;iiial -.'tiler -till lue in 
ami a -nii nf hi- m.upie.l I'm many y.ar* a hilling p.isitinii in 
iieiiieiil III Tnwn-liip alliiir-. 

t C'llms, an .Vnieriiaii, kept the liisi '^ini'M nil the -niith -liiiie' 
ii.ileii al the piiiiit klinwn as liellnws' hahiliii;;, -n I'.ille.l frnm 
1W-, a inline ..f llell.iw-' Kail-, Verimiiil, win. wa- clerk ha 

The latter faill'il, alnl liellnws l...llvlll ..III the -l.ick ami 1 .,11 

Ih.' I.ii-iiii'-- there lill aliniit th" lime nf ilie IniimlMi^ nf I'.i- 

l.'lh.ws wa- a I hel'.r. ,\ -i-ter wh.. kept linll-e Inr hini 

an .Vmeiican win. .-aiiie in jii-l pi'i'vi.>ii- (n the imepiinii nt 
wh.'ll llell.iw- rellil'lieil In the Uniteil stales. Tills man Inlill 
a lintel— I llilly's artelHiirils nil Kent .Slli'el, .llienf the \in 

ic present limit- nl Otiawa. 

■ nf the linn who inaiii^'urateil the limi iinpinvciniiit- ..n lli.' 

I.', IS well .1- nil the Imltll, vnle .\lllericai|s. .Villi. II;; 111. Ill 
lali I'.'ikin-, whiise lilaek^nillll -h "p, Inilll wlieri' ihe Ilii-, II 
iw -laiiH-, wa- the first nf the km iilli nf IheCiaml llivii. 
ll liimlii'iiiii,' iiitere-ts were iiiiiii^Mii.iti-,| alnl ilevdnpeil almnMl 
'K li\ .Vnierii'iins ; ami in variniis nilier splieies they wen" ever 



near liy.tnkecp almther tavern in; .iml I'eler .\ v li'ii. allerw;iri|- 
very p.'.iinnieiit eili/.eli. w.is l.nililinn .1 l.in.l,.,iisi. ..nil,,. |,|a,.,. „,,„ ,,^. 
eiipieil liy .Mr. Hen.y. 

Ileynlel Hell's C.rnel's II.. ..lie lia.l sellli.l lip In l|,at lilne. III! w.' 

I'liiiie tn rli.ipiiian's, previ.iiisly refirnil 1.. Verv -1...11 ;ifiei ihis, Imvi- 
ever, Ih.' (I'llimly I'linllnrs. Hnjh l:.ll, I i.-.u-ne 'sp.ii-k,. .I..hn Davism.. 

Tliii..tli\ Mi'l'arthy, ;iii.l I'l .is Siillnan .settle.l nearer |..w 'n-.l- the 

river; ami a sln.it time siil iiiently, .Inhn ami Tlminas (Irahiin. 

-\liniil the -;iin" lime Kialiels Davi.snii, with a lal'i-'e family, setth'il iii-t 
hey.. 11. 1 Ih,' "SPiiiy Swamp." Inwal'.ls liiehni.iml ; lln'li, Viiv shm !lv 
fnlliiHiiiL;, Th.iiiias Tiermy -.'tll.'.l near liie -aim' place, ami Uaiiiel Me- 
l,e.'.l,a lilaeksmiih. the first inechanie wlm l..,';iieii m .\e|ii'aii. ...ii-i.i.' 
nf lln-ilivii Villau'enf IHti.Kii. Ile\i.ml l'liapiuaii'.s, wlm th,i, kept 
tavern, there was imi iiimther eleariii« till tlie Nilhine ni lliehinnml 
was I'.'aili.'il. 

.Mr. I!..li|iis..ii, aliiive refeire.l I.,, .aiiie I.. Caliaila fl ,Se..llal|.l 

in .May, IS^T He hail lieeii a Irieml ..f Thmnas .MeK;iy, i||,.|, neiihei 
hail yet left the l.'iml nf the heallier. He was a meelialiicil ein;iiieei, 
ami master nf a numlier nl skilleil irailes, ain.iinj wlinli was siniic 
nnisnnly, ami Mr. McKay ;it mie,' elnplnveil him as hi- fnreinan .it Ilie 
hn'ks a pnsiti. Ill which he ;ili|y tille.l lill their ...inphin.n. He l..e.'itc.l 

llnl.il wilelenli he li.'W I esiijes, linwex ,.|-. innin'.lialely ,,|| ;irri\al al 

llylnwn, ami iimve.l his family mi n in th,. aiiiiiniii nf I'he .same vear 
l{..ilin there In i.'snle pcl'inaliclilly linns.'lf in the l.iller part nj ISJlu. 
In tile meal It I me he liail ellcctcl .pule a ele.llin.'nn Ills p|-iipeit\ III' 
then Willi extensively llitn Ihe nialiill'aeliii'e nf (Unliisli the milv arli. ie 
at that time w he'll ,'..iiiiiiamli"l re.t.h sale .11 i';ish pri.',.s. Iles....|i 

l.lancln.l .nil 1 1 1.ei .In.', ami al-.. kept ,t..i',. ij,,. (i|.,, ,„ ,|„. 

Iinnls.'f the r..wiisliip. .aitsi.le .if Hytnwn. l-'nr iininv years he .ii.l 
the lan.'1'st l.iisiness m l.nth lines in Ins seeii..n nf ciintiy, ami us. .1 
t.i l.iiy all the siiri'liis pnrk. th.iir, ami ..ats wiiii-h were lais.-.l wiihin a 
raillils nf many mile-. He w,is nne nf the nhlest inanisliales in ih, 

■|'..wnsliip. ami sal f'.r nine -u.'.e-sive y.ars mi ihe lleiieli as tin I 

leauue 111 vaiiniis .Imlijes, when such was ih,. eilstmn .11 ..iir ,lii,li, iai 
ci.le He limk a pmiiiinent ami leailim; pail f.ir maiiv vars in the 
manaiienieiit nf Ihe allairs nf the Tnwii-hip. He is imw Ihe mih -m 
viviiii' ..lie nf all win. were settleil in the present liiini- nf the 'r,,,,,, 

ivllip w hell he .aliie intn .t. 

Hi- -1.11, I'll "iiias M. Ka> Itnliins.in, !,,,» livmn j,, ,| |,| |„,„„. 

Slea.l, W.IS the lll'-l chilli linlli m n|,| UytnWII. A ihlinjlll ir .if |lalll, I 

ll'C.iim.i. afterwapls (' iij I'lerk ami Treasiiiei in smcensinn! was 

tini lirsi female eliil.l Imin in the phue. .She -iiliaotin, mU lueaine the 



COUiNTY OF CAULETON 



wife of tilt lato Mr. Kri'.'l, whoici aim still aiiirivui. lie "ns h imti'il 
liti/.i'ii 111 till' lurlii'.- tliiyii iif Bytiiwii, aiul liis Lciiii-ai' ia cImiwIilti' 
Itficdy ri-fi'iTfi I 

I'lM M'- . Hi/iMMU'U «U5 tliu lift wliiii'Vfrliiiij;lit nrliunl in \f|ifiili. 
-i,!!' ili'l llii^ ii' lu'i- 'ui'liuiiil'ii lupiHi', for tliL' I'liii'll'l iif '111' rliililii'ii «il 
lluii- iiiiiii>'<liiitt' . iij;lilpiiiliiiu(l, ttho wiTc ill fait iiliiiu-t tliiMiiily mil" in 
llii' T.jwiHiiip -...ill .it a 'lati' luiij; prinr to llii' iiitrn<liu'tu<ii of li.i' liiiif,' 
uiicliT inn or^'utiiziil lysli'iii. Tlii' tir»t taivlil in tiiiil i«irt nl' llii'ToWii- 
"liip. whirh wii' tlnit itytt'wii, wa... liv .lulm Miirron,:^li-, a iliaii^I-.lsniaii 

ill the ('Villi. lluu Dipartllll'Ml, «it(l l"ol. liy'- i'll;.-illt'i'l'..|. Tlir ti.^l 

-i-liu..l-liuu>i* evt-r iTi'i'ti'il ill tin* pit'M'iit liiiiils tf tin- 'r.nvn.Hlii|i was on 
Li.t :i.'i. I'oii. 5, It. K., ami lor a jifrioil of livf yiar« Mr. Itoliiiinoii 
Ipoanl.il till' li'iolnr uitliont rliai);i', Im-siiIi'- a»-i»liii>,' in iiavin^ lii- 
-alaiv. Oiii' of llii' viTV wiilifl wan tliat liiiili on Lot Is, (',,n. ."i. in 
vvliitti ,111 .Viin'rifiui tii'Ht tauolit, who iioon at'tiT iftiiiiii'il t.> tin* Ciiili'il 
St. 111-. .Vr- lalv as I"*'.!;! tlii"i- wiTi' liiit tivi* ii'^iilar tiwlirr* in tin- 
M-li'.],' TownHliiii, iii..'1inlin^ ItytoKn. 

No t-linrtlii',-* wiTi' Intilt in lliu rown^hiji till Mvtown I'f.aiin' a iil.ni- 
of Hutliiii-nl iin|ioHanii' to support tlo-ni. Tin- lii--l ivi-i- Imilt «a- .1 
liaiiii' oin- mar Sainly Hill. It was i-nrti'il in ISiiT liy ■'olin itniiou^li- 
a iMi-iln cli-it and a vi-ry pi.in> man, wlio also pmii-lii'.l), at his own 
oxpi-n-r. It was KUli-ii-iini-ntly ili-stroyi'il liy tin-. Kiiiini; tin- -niiinii'r 
i| Is:.»s, wln-ii Wink an llio Canal w.is stopped pi-inlin-^ tin- do. i^ion of 
iho .lulhnili''' on tin- -nn-stion of fiiliii-u'in^ upon tin- oii;;in.il jdan. 
Tlio- .Mi-Ka> .iiid Hi'dpatli, liiH parti. I'l', to.ik tln-ii iin-ii ami Iniili a 
si. an- I'li'sliyiiTian rlinri-li on tin' sitf ..f Ih. pifM-nt St, .\ndriw'-, wliirli 
was tin- -I't'oml »-liiiri-li in tin- oii^-iiial Tov-tisliip ..i' Ni-pi-an. 

TlioM' who ,-ellli'd liidori' l~':!lli.inl l^:;; u,sid to i-i-os- lln-,iiv,-r to 
:ilti'iid ioli-,'ioii» si-nii-i's in Hull, and ovon lo Inti-i- tin- doad : tin old 
illnisti-ad liury iiiK-wroiind -tin- oldi--t in the who!,- 1 iliawa \'.illi-\ 
l>i-iiij! i',s..rt>-d to liv lliosi' on til.' ,s,n'tli as wi'll a- tin- north slioi-i'. (In • 
of tin- lloni-ywi-ll laniily tin- si-c-inl lioin alt.i tlivir niiofatioii \va- 
Iho lirsl diatli in llii' Township, at two or thii'i' years of ajfi', ami wii- 
tli ri' liiiiii'il. 

Loiij; lii'lorc Hytowii ticwuna a ruilitv, limvi-viT, thf Nipiim si'itlo- 
in. -lit- w.-i-i- vi-iti'.l liy niini-ti'rs o( tlii' 1 i..spi-l ..f various d.'ii..ii inalioni 
'I'll.- tii-t wh.i .'V.-r si-t loot ill till' r..«ndiip was Itinal.l.i l.v.'r.-i;, i 
M.-lln.ili-t pr.'ailn-v fr.nii tin' lilai-k Kin-r 1 '..nf.-n-in-.- in N.-w Voi-k, 
win. .am.- a- a inissi.maly 1.. tin- ..inliin-s ,.1 lln- I'ana.li.in M-ltl.in.-i.i •. 
Hi' ..line riii till' rpiMT Ki.l.an n'ltli-nn-nts, an. I ih.n*-. al..ii.', in a 
.an.'i-. Ill' liist i.ii-ai'lii'.l ill Mr Homy will's h. him-, an. I l{i o H..iiiy- 
wi-11, tln-ii a siiiall liov, t...'k liini a. ro-s tin' (Mlawa 111 a ..111...-, to [iroaili 
at Hnll. 

Til.- lir-l -.'riiioii c'VL'r pu'a.ln.l l.y a I'loti-lant i-h layman in that 
put .if Si'p.an which is 11. iw Ottawa was l.y Ki-v. .Mr. Mi-i<iii/ii-, a 
l'l-i--l.yti'rian. Ir.nn W'illiainst.iwn, lih-nj;an-y. Tin- s.-iinon was ; r.-ai-ln-.l 
IVoln a platloiin .-rc-t.-.l (n lln- .-aiiaM...'k li,iiik. ..f tiinln-l-- win. h w i-n- 
:.. -ni'i'.iit tin- ai. h ol tin- ..1.1 S.ippi-r-' Hri.lf;i' : .iii.l iininu.lial.-ly alli'i-« 

ward- .Mr. .M. Kni/i.- r.-tiii'.l to lln- lion i M.-itl!i.'W ('..nv.i-ll, Hlnitlii'ii 

ki'pt st..r.' all'! I'osi ( Mil. i', ami l..ipti/i'.l tw.. . hil.lri-n. ..m- ..f wlnnn wa- 
T, M.-K, U..l.iiisonal...v.-iii.n!i..nisl. 

(lilt -I. loot tin- pn-.-nt limit- "f (Htawa, tin- lirst . liiiroh I'liftod was thi- 
K..in; ■, Ciilholi.-.at what i- m.w the ViUa^ji- ..I Kallow-|ii-l,l.,.M th.. Kii-h- 
in.ai.l K.'a.l Thi- wa- in l-'IW. .iinl attiacti-.l a lari;.- nnmls-r ..I l!..m.in 
Calllolii'- ..If tin- lalial as sotlli'l- U. that part ..f tin- T..wn-hip. 

K.'i nian\ y.-ar- -n*si-.|iiint to th.' .-nliy ..I tin- .arlii-l -I'lil.-ix th.-i.- 

w,i- not a lioi wanp.ii in lln T..«n-hip- ...v.-n aii.l " ininp.i- " 

.lll^(».■nll^; i-iiliri'lv tin- i.-.(iiirfini'iil- ..I lln- 1 ph-. I!i.-.- H.imywill 

..»in'.l till' tiisl wai;o..n i-vi-r in the Towiislii|.. H,- pr..i-iiii-d it in trnh- 
li-oin an iniii.'iaiit .'.nniiij; in from th.' rp].ir Iti.l.an si'lll.-nii'iils, ami it 

was till' -i'V.-n-.la\- » Ii-r I., tin- pi'.ipl. ..I th.- Nopi-an -.'Itli'lni'lit. 

Till- roa.l "l.ii-h.-.l "lit " I'V ..l.l .Mr ILmi-ywi'll. wh.n ...nv. lini,' in 

hi- supply ol 1I..111 in lMll,.aim' -nli-.-.pii'iilly lo l.i- i l.y lunil.i-i- 

nii'ii an.l othi'is in passino l.i'lwi'i'n tin- Ki.li'an ami ( Iliawa, ami .mi- 
tiniic.l 1.. 1*' so n-i-l for many vi-ars, till tin' -I'ltli-r- aloii^' tin- roiili' ..n.- 
hy ..n.- f.-m-.-.l il in willi tli.-ir own laml-. .M..-t ..I tin- pr.'si-nt tr.iv.-lli-il 
i.ia.l- llii-onch'.iil ihi' norili.-rn -e- li.'ii ..!' tin- T..vvn-hip w.r.- ali.'ra.ii.l- 
lai.l .III l.\ Mr l{..l.in-..ii. ali..v.' m. iiti..n.-.l, ..1 1111. l.-i hi- imnn-.liati- 
-iip.-iinli_-n.l.-nrt'. as ..lit- ol tin- ...hli'-t lii^'liway c'..liilili-sii.ni-r-. 

On tin- Hi.h'an fioiii of tin- T..w-nship l.iit vi-ry f.w .s,-til,,|, i-soopl 
ih..-i- pn-vi..ii-ly iinnti..in'il .it Hilling's liri.lp-.'lill tin- tini.- ..f th.- 
lalial. In la. 1 ill.- ./Illy ..ni- .ippi-.ir- I., h.iw l.c.-n la|.|ain Collin-, wh.. 
-fill.il at tliPinoiith of iliL'.I.M-k, ..r fto.»lwo'Hl.-....n allii tin- loriiiation '.I 
ihi' Ki.'him.nd sctih-nn ni. and m.t lali-r than \H-2'2. Il wii-a -on .>! his 
«l... k.p^ till' lii-l -toi-.- in .\'.-pi-aii art.rwaid- -n. . .-.-.l.-.l hv lli-lh.ws 
al II.-II0W-' Lamliii),' ..n tin- Flat-. .\ -..n ..f Captain Collins still r.- 

-idi 1 th.- ..Id h'.in.-sti'a.l. Ho, at an I'lirly .hiti- ami tor many yi-iirs, 

artt'il .1 li-ailliiK part in innni.'ipal alfaii-. 

Tin-ri- ari' a lai^ji* iiiiiiil'.'i ..f villat'i- in N.-pt'iin, allli..ti;.'h noin- ai.- 
ini-oi|<..;ittinl. Ill lai't lln- .-..iintiy is n..lhiiin 1. 111 .nn- ...nlinnal viMaxi'. 
01 . ..iiliini.ms sin-i-i'xsioii of villaj.i'-. for -.'Vri.d mil.- ..in ..ii th.' lii.h- 
in.'ii'l U.Mi.l. 

l{o. iii-TKIIVll.tl! is 111.- rliiof of lln-i', 11- a. -11 .1- ih, iii-.iri--l I., th. 
City, or rallii'i', it is il-rlf a part of I In- City. tli.in;;li n..| in th.- i:orp"iali' 

limits. K.-li'ii-i to lln- f.inii.li'r ..f tin- pla.-.-. fi i whom it look it< 

iiaiiii'. 111. IV l.l- -i-iji i-l-i'whi'ri', '('hi' Villajji' ...nl,iin- .1 «ii-at iiianj 
hi-aiitifnl -111. moan ii'sidi'in-i'- i.t wi-althy i-ili/i.n- -.1 Otiaw.i, ,1- w.-ll as 
a lai;;i- iniiiil.i'r ot -iili-(aiitial l.nsim-ss hoiisi--. Uin-riiiii^. mir i-onr-i- in 
a .ir-irar .liifctioii, s.inthw.ir.l and i-a-lward. an.iin.l tlio t,'il\. wo i-on- 
tiiini- to p.i-- lliMiigh .int' \illa;;.' afti-r aitolln-r, till inti-r. upti-.l l.v tin- 
Ki.li'aii. 

M'ti >r SiiKKW-iMii. c.iiiii's ii.'xt ill ..r.lL-r, ami i- an iniiHirtanl snli.ul. 
..f tin- Capital. It takt- its namo from tln' SIictwoihI family, th. In al 
of whom w.i- E'hviii.l Sln-rwoisl. lull- t^niiit\ Iti'.-i-tr.ir, I'l-i-wln-ri- i.-- 
fi'rru.l to. lokti Ho.lii-tirvill.-, il i- .la-.-. I with (.(it.uva iin.l.i ih- 
E\. .pii'.nal l'..-t,i;:o Hat.-- .\. 1. U.-arin^ .-a-l.-rly. w.- p.i— ihii.iij^h 

Sri.w.\iti.i.\, I'l-i-wln-n* -pok.-n ..I, ami miw j.roliahly lln- iiiosi pro-- 
pt-ii'ii- ami liipi.lly -^'rowiny -nlnirli of llio C'itv, which is adorm-d hy a 
vi-iy laioi' nnml.. r ..t -pl.n.li.l piivati' 1. si.li-n. .--. Il i-.\li-n.l- from .Nil. 

Shi-ru I to 111.- .anal. an. I soiilhrrlv lo tin- iillai;, of 

Itii.i.i.Mis' ItKii.iiK. partly 111 Ni'pi'aii ami |..iitly in Idoin'cstiT, iimlor 
vihiili lattur T..»n«liiplii'a.l it w ill I..1 f..nn.l. .S'lv'wari..ii is likowisr 
ini'lnilt.'il in tin- l-'..\i'i-ptional I'ostaKii Halo- ^-y-tt'in. a- is iils'i 

Am llMl.l.K, that niilinrli of tho lily lyin.( lii'tn-i'oii tin' City ami 
Ililliin4s' Krid^u on tin- oiii' lian.l. and Ihu Uidtati I'aiml and Kidian 
Itivi-r 1.1, thi' othi-r. Tin- 

Ith 11.M11.M1 Until Vii,i.tuKs ill. Indi' ihi' Hiil.iirl. kin.wn liy that 
naiiiL'. and fartln-r on Minliton. .Nipiaii Mills. .Sloiisviik, i-ii-., ..u-.. al 
i-ai-h ..f whic-h ari' post-ottii-*'-, h..ti'ls, stori's, and mill-. .\t Ni'|ii-.iii 



Mills ari' sitnatis' the iiiagnilii'i'nt stwini su .iiili.. f . n 
■ski-ail; and at fitoti.'valL', -losi-pli .lohiistoii ciinius on Ini 
sliiiiKli'. and lai:i mills. Till' C. ;. K, '.. AW 11 H'1((-k 
Townsliip. km w 11 as llritii.ini (, hut thi'i.i m no V''l\(ju II 
oil wi- 1-1. nn- I. 

IlKi 1,'s CiuxKiis, 11 miles f 10111 (Htawa, Tl.uri' an. Ihi 
a Koiioral stoi-i', ami I'd., iho Kroiimls ..f tho ('..nnty 
S.i,.-n'ty, a i-..ii|.li' ..f I'linri'lns, and thi' Town Hall, t 
W1....I1-11 strni'tiiii', l.iiilt many yoais ao.., ami now iiisnili 
.L;ri.«iiio 1, ,iiiioiiit'nls ..f iho Township linsiiii'ss. Tor 
iatiiiit w.iiit, a now hall has just lioi'ii i<r.<i<ti'.l at It.u hosl 
ia a L't-i'ilit to lln. i-liiof Township of Carh'ton. Il is of r 
'.vhite lirirk fai'iii^s, is a lar^o, roinliiodiolls, uiniM'i.n 
liandsomo strii.tiiri'. win. so iiitorior arraii^i'iin-nls ar 
I'Vi-ry di'tail, Imih ..f .li'si^m ami liiiish, and contains pnl 
mitti'o ri...iiis. privati' ..llii-os, tiri'in f vault, iti'.. etc. 

Kii.i.iiwnKi.n. lii.yon.l licll's ('..riicrs, ..n the Ificliin. 
plcisint i'ost Villai;!., with ,-hnr.-li, school, -lore, ami m. 
..f van. .11- kimls. Its early settlement has I.eeii preii..iis 

Mkiuih \i,k, Ihi' present terininns of tin- Ottawa, N. 
tiower Maca.lamixe.l U..ail, is a small I'ost-N'illaue, lii 
west ..f Ottawa. Its founder. ,\rlhiii' Hopper, is iiieiii 
liecln.ii with tin- early hisL.iy ..f llyt..wii 

\V.- hav.- I. ecu nnahlc I., .li.si-.iver fr..in either I k«, 1 

"oiliest inlial.ilaiit " th.' ovact dale of the .iriianization 
ship of Nepeaii as a .Municipality. The earlie-t pre- 
are llic fitter pari of tin- miniites of the "Town iiiecti 
as follows : 

■• /,'...-..[.-../, That Daniel OV..iiii..r, l';.s.|.,..f IlyL.wn 
" T.'wii \Var.len f..r the ciisiiiinr year, 

" .\ .'. I 'm.'ISTIK, " .1 A 

••Clerk, 

Vile oiiiintes of t*u lirst •' CominiHsionum* meeting' 
lalil. anil we extract : — 

" livTowx, I.'itli day ol 

'• This il.iy the ('..nirs. duly appoinled at the last T..w 
" iield l.y Nepean, licl-l their lirst nn-etin^iii .1. It. .Stan 
•' piirsnaiKv o' .he .Vet, when 

'• Wni Th.onpsoii hiv in)i declined to act as a ('..mr . 
" .if ' s near res.. line to iV-ter .\ylcii, another ..f 11 
■' resionali..!! w.H accepted, and K, L, \Vim..I. ..f 
" app-'iiiie.l in h s place. 

" When the Clerk haviiii^ inlimate.l 1.. the C.nii 
'• iinavoidalite delay had taken place ill preparing' the noi 
•' ferellt .illicers. and that ill coiiscinieln-e several of tliel 
'• sw .I'll ill. the Conirs, allowed them a further delay 1 
"day of their ineelin;,', for that purpose, without 
" pel .allies au'alnsl them fol lli'oleel. * * * 

" \V 
" I'r 

In Fehriiary of the same year the Coinmissi'ihers' nn 
al '• Silas Hnrpee's tavern," in con-eipieiiee of ,1. K. S 
haviiiL' lii'i-n linrnt down. Next year Stanley's appears t 
I. mil. as til.' nieelinus wer.' held there ill '.17, and e\ 
vear till 't."», when they were removed to Woods' taveri 
'immd 11. ..-ol 

The folhiwini; were the chief Tow-nsliip otficers. e; 
the -iperation of the Municipal .\ci ; -Irt:t7 c,. „(,„,>.<( 
tersi.n, IVter .-Xyleii, Anli. \\'ilson ; Afntnnnr. Ilin;h 
(for connliy) Wm. Orahain; (for Lower liylown) Th..s 
Stewart ; (l'..r Ippi-r ltyt..wn .l"lin Cliilty. lien. Kiilh 
lie resiync.l the cleikship in May. it", on aceoiint ..f tl 
ini.' Iieilli{ appointed the same day iis the jiilMli-ation < 
lliitnii-ii tiif.'fl'-, ami \\'m. ( lakley was aj.p.iinte.l in hi 
the positi.'n till |s4ii. In lM:in'lli.' ' h,,,,,,,,,,..,!.,,, w,.r 
litis, Kran.i- |iavi.l»..n. lie... I'ater-..n ; IHilii c.,.,,i.-., 

Kralnis llavi.ls W. M. Hell. IHKl /■.„.•„ ll„,,/,„ 

lioiiald Cassiilv, (for the T.iwnship Capl. HaM.I-'.n 
(■/,,/., T. (J. Ilnriis ; ISI'J ami 1H4:1 Minutes lost ; Is 
lien Traveller; |sl.". .1,.,-.-,.., o,,,/ I '..//,, (,,, for lli. 
j'.ell ; . I.. ...-..../-. (f..r liytownl .'allies Matthews; lnll.,1. 

.\t-cli. K..ster same cniiniiiiiK ill olli.'e lor next tw. 
rluinU H'lrihiif, (for liyL.wn) Win. Lain;, for iln 
Itiilii-rlson. 

Iliinnothis ye.-ir Uyt..wn w.is in.-..r|.or:ite.l. ami 
.-.ilninenc.-.l I., run its ..wii alf.iir- al.'it.-. I'here wore I 
ihe Township enlillcl to vote that tear, ami like '/',., 
.I'hn Uiiheit.son ami .Sand. C.llins ; c/. ,/., ,L-,i,ii.s Sim 
vear.'f llie ..l.l .system)- Tnn, IC.,;-./. n.-i, Chester I 
Si III ; .l,-,.i.'.<'.., .lames Spain ; c„W,,7.,i, K, L. \\ I. 

The /i..-'.o' i;„l„::il..fi f.ir Nepean fniiii the ori;:! 

hi.nsle |)lslll.-t I.. ihealioVo.late were : For iH|o I, .1 
(i, \V. linker; I.SH 1. Ii, \V. Itiker. I'l-edk Ilia 
lieiliy "elected in the place of .lolin Tli..iii|is..n. Ks.| 
..f 41 votes over .liihli Kolierl.son. Ks.p' : Ihn " 
.l.din r.ower Lewis I'lytown lieiliu' in'orporali-d 
l.llt ..111- l>i..lr„l r ..'■,/■. I for I s|H l.l. M/, .1.. Ill, II.. 

was '' 'cie.l l.y a majority -if ilUoMr.l. Ui.l.eri-.iM, 

Th '.'"II :neciiin{ to elei't the lirst c d iin.l. i 

Ha-llel.i.it Hells ('..rners, .Ian Till, IS.'iii. when f 
.1.1'., Cli. ler Cliapnian, .lames Spain, .lolin liolieri 
(irady. .luhli Seoll. '; W. {taker. Win. Foster. ;in.l ,1 

r.iii for ('"iin.iM.'is lln- live ltrsl-n;ii I l.ein;.' i-l.-.-te 

pr.-seiit :it lln- first Conn, il me. -I'm,' liel. I iil llies.inie 
iihi'nC..I. Ilearnian was .'h./s.-n Iteeve He resiyni 
and ('hi'ster Cliaptnan snceeedi-.l t.i Ihe vacant po-lli. 
of till- ti-riii. The oilier Town olli.-ers f.ir that \i 
.lames Shiiniy. until .Septeiidier, when he was ..n.-. 
Stiiple.l..ii ; '/'i.'Mi'i'i. (ie... .-\riiwtil ; .f.^i.ss...-, (oo. 

John Tl. iney. K. L W I , ,-1 -../,(..,,. Tims Lyiii 

.f.i/./. , .losi'ph Martin. 

The same ( '..nni-il wer.' re-i'liH'led in IH.M, ,\|r CI 

eh. .sen /.'-«". ami .lames Spilin, /'./('(.'./ (lirst \e.-i 
iK-pnty ami the sanie L'enllellieli hel.l the sail 

|H.*|0 and ts.'ill. InlSiVt Ml, Cliapnian was ai<aii 
• ieclini"! to act, .mil the place was tilled liy .lolin S 
.late tho /^'I'l-.i and /'./."'o,-. f..r the succeed i no vears w 
Is.-i.'i. ,|..lin Sell. lie... Hell ; lM.Mi-,'i7, Oeii, Hull, San 



I- 



I 



F CAUlETON.— Continued. 



XX w, 



lu iii»K<<<K<-i'nt Htuniii bu •.mil., f lu Hon. .fnliion 
i.'vali', .l.i.Hii'li .li.liii'<t"ci ciiniua mi liir^i' »ti'uiii im« , 

ll». Till' ('. '.II. '. ,'IVI' U rtl|,'-Hlulio|l III 111!' 

» llriti.,iiii ,, l,ut tlii'u. m hh v''I\i;u llit-ri'. KmtliiT 

, It iiiilt'N fi.iiii * tttuwii. 'i'i.uri' aro llini- liuii'U Ihti', 
I'll., ilic i,M'.iiiiiil« iif llu' Cciiiiilv .\),'i'i<'ultiinil 
I'lii'.i'i'lii'H, mill tlu' Tiiwii Hull, i'lii.s lutlur is n 

milt iiiuiiy yt'His iitjH, iiixl now iiiMiiltli'iciit for tlio 

lltt* of lilt' 'ril\VIIMlli|l hllHilll^H.S. To rt'"ltMl\ tlll'l'X- 

hull liiis jiist liwii incli'd lit ltd. Iii..<li'i\illi', wliiili 
id 'roH'iHhi|> of Ciirli'toii. It i« of ri'il luitk, with 
i.s It lur^i', coiiitiioilioiiH, L-oiivi'i.ii'iil, nu'\ \ti;v 
wliosi' iiitfi'ior iiiTuii^'iMiii'iitM an* romiilili' in 
•f lll'!4i^r|) an,) tiiiiHli, ami coiit.iiiis piililic hall, coiii- 

itt' oltifi':*, tii'i'-|H f vault. I Ir.. uto. 

H!yoh,l IIi'II'm (ViniLTH, nii tllu Kii'liMionil It.iail, is a 
Willi chiin-li, school, >tori', ami iin-i-lialiu-H* slio|ts 
lis early si'ttU'iiii-iit has l>i'i*ii |.rt'\ loiisly rofi-rrnl to 
pri'Sfiit toriiiiliils of thf ttttawa, No|'oati. ali.l N 
I Uo.i.l. is a small Post- Villami, ll) iiillrs s,.iith 
Its foiiiKJt'r. .\rtliiii' Ho|i|ior, is iiu>iitioiu-il in i-on- 
rly history of Uyi,,wii. 

iiial'li' to ,lis».',tvi'r from oitliiT hooki., rcn'onls. or tin' 
till' I'xai't ilati' of ilu> oruani/iitioii ot thf Town- 
a .Miiiiici|iality. Tlu' fiirliu'l prosi-rvi'il n-corils 
if Iho iiiiniiti's of till' "Town nmutinij " of l.s:iii, , 

at l)aiiii>l t I'C'onnor, ICs«)., of I'ytowii, )i|. apjioiiitt-il 
till- I'tisiiiiiL; yt>ar. 

o ,IaMKS Iflll.l.s, 

I" t 'hairmaii." 
t't» first *' roininissiontiif.' niui'tin^' "' iiro still ov- , 

"llvToHN, 1.".tli cliiy of .Ian., IWKi. I 
CoiiirM. ihily apiioiiili'il at tin- last Towiishiji im>ctil|o 
lit'M iin-ir tirst iin-i'tin^iii .1. U. .^laiili-y'a lioii^i., in 
■ Aft. uhi'ii 

^oii ha ii't; ilffliiii'il to art iLs a t'omr, . 'oii.sui(iieiK'e 
kiii'olo i\'Ut .\ylfii, aiiotlior of tin oiiirs.,his 
1 arri'i'tfil, ami K. I.. W I. of . .|,'.aii. «ail 

I'l.U'O. 

h-rk having,' inliiiiati'il to thf t'oiim-i. "lat soinc 
i\ hail takoli iilari" in piv j.arino tin' iiotiri-s to llu'iiif- 
ikI that ill roiiHi-iitli'lii-t' si'^rral of thtiu hail not l>t'L*li 
.'oiiirs. allovvfil tlu'iii a fiirthiT ilt'tay until tlii' nt'Xt 
iii't.tiiio. f.ir ihat ]iur|iotit', without fxartin^i tin* 
t thi'lii f.ir in'i;li.,t. ♦ * » ♦ 

" \V. lill.Ml.lM, 
" rr.iKK AVI.DN." 
f the same vi'iirthu ('oiiiniiHsi'iin-rs' iiii't.'tiii;; was lu'lit 
'.s tavurii," ill ioii-('i(in.nci' of ,1. |(. Slaiili-y'!- tavirii 
I ilowii. Ni-xt yi'ar SlaiiU'y's ajiin'.iis to Iia\i. lu-fii rr- 
illu's vsor" holil then' in ".17. ami ovoly siuct'ssixt. 
I tlu'V woro loniovi'il to Wooils tavt-rn on iln- Uich- 

won- tin- ,'Iiit'f TownsIii|i oilii-i-is, i..ii.Ii yi.ar, iij, to 
liL' Miiiiii.-i|,;il .\i-i . lH:i7 I ■•.„o,o..<o. ».,'..( ;,.,,. Wt. 
Ill, Anil. Wilson; .l......»..,', Iliiu'h I',,-!! ; i „//, ,■(,„„, 

I. ilrahaiii; (for Lower liytown) Thos. Coehralie. Wni. 
|.er Hytowii .lohiiChitty. Hen. I!alli«ell. .Mr. Chris- 
leikslii], in M.ay, ';t7. on aeeoiint of the ,Iay of iimt,t- 
e.l the same ,la_\ as the |tll'>ll,-atio|i of his |,a|n.r. the 
1,1 Will, (iakley was ai'|ioinli.,t in his plaee. retainiiiLj 
^411. Ill |.S:iM the I .iiMi;o<-e..o/.. ^^ere .■^t.'liheli I'.iH 

.Isoii.iieo. I'ater-oii : IHilil '■"i.uw., Ste|,lien Coilinii, 

, W. M. Itell . IHltl T,nr„ (I',.,,/,,,,. f,„ llvt.nvn 

(f.ir the T..wnslii|. ('a|il. HaM.I- l'a|.t. <',',||iiis ; 

s ; Mil! ami IM4:i Minutes |..st ; l.sH '7.,*, I{ei|. 
si.-. .!.,,.,.,„., ,!,„; r..//,,7,./, f..r the eoiiinrv HiikIi 
ir I >yt OH III .tames .MattheWH ; ' .i//..7..». (for Itvtowil 
me coniinnin^ in otliee lor nt'xt tw,i M'.ir^ : 'lH47 
(for liytown) Wm. I,aiii<. for ihe eoimtiv) .I,,hii 

ear liytown was itu'orporateil. and in i,s.is N,.],(.]iii 
n Its own atl'air- alone. There were liilt rati-.|iiiverN in 
itle.l t,i v.te that Mar, ami the 7'....,, ll„,./,„', „„i- 
ami Saml. 1 'olllns ;''/•/■',. .lames .Shanley : l«4!l la.st 
^\>ieiii) 7'.. "11 H .,,•,/. ii.<, ('hesl.'r I'lia'iimaii. .I,,hii 

l.imes >|,aiii : i'„ll>,l,„, K. 1, \\ I. 

'.i./„. .//..,., f..r Ne|ieaii from the 'ii'u'aiiiy.at i,,ii ,,f Dal- 
, the ahovi, late were : K"r IH|o :i, ,l,,|iii Tli,,m|i„,n. 
<14 ."i. II. \V. Maker, freilk lleariiiaii I he latin 

lithelilai f .l..hli Tl |.s.,n, K»i| , I.v a liiajoritv 

r .lohli Koliirt.s,,ii, Ksii ; : lh)<i T, I're.lk. Ileaiiiian, 

is liytown lieiin; it r|"'rale.| m IHI7. \e|i.aii -,111 

Coo..',,;../ f..r IMH '.I, M/. .lohn Uower l.e«u, »li,, 
a majority -if ;tit,.Mr.l. U.-hertson, t'!s.|," 
•elilli,' t.i elei-t the lirst I 'olimil Iln, hi llie iieu svstelil 
I I'oriiers, .Ian Ttli. IM.^n. when Kieilk lleannan. 
ai'iiiali. .laniis S|,ain, .lohn H,.liirts,iii. .1.1',. .Mnhael 
It.i;, W, liakel. Win, Koster, ami ,l.,hii Tli,,iii|,„,ii. 
Is th.. live tirsl-liallieil lieilii,' eh'teil, Tl.si. were all 
st t'olineil llleel*ln;liehl at thes,iliie |>ltlee,.lan. 'JUt. 
latl w.ls ehosell l{et»Ve He reHtirneii in i>eeelli)>er. 
[iiiian sm-eieili'.l to the Miealit |,o^ili,.ii for the halamu 
If other T'lWII ,,lli,ers f.,r thai vear were: iliii-, 
mill Se|Hellllier, when he was slleeee.leil liy Tims. 
Kilrrr. (ie.i. ArilMlii : .4.^#ui«"r, (ten. Itajn ; '''ull,rlnr$^ 

. I, VV I ; .-I .i.'i(..i>. Tlios Lynn, IIiikIi Hell ; Cm. 

arlin. 

iiiM il were re elueti'.l ill M.M, .Mr l'hu|iiimii wiiHai;aiii 

ml .lames Spain, /l^;■.l(l/ (lirnt .\ear .\'e|.eaii hud a 

le same k;entlellleli heltl the Hallle |i<,>ili,,iiH iltinin; 

In I'<,'i4 .Ml. I'lia|iniaii was ai<ain ehoHin /,'c.i>,, hut 
,ilid the plaee wan tille.l hy .lohn .S.itt. f-'niiii IliM 
Lint /I. /..,',.,. for ihi'stieeee'lini; years were a," fo!t,,>vs 
I. lino. Hell ; 18.'il)-.'.7, <l<«>. Hull, Siiiiil. Diivisoii . IS.-.H- 



.'iD, Saiiil, Davison, .laiiies IVarman ; 18(111 ill, Suiiil. DuviBon, N. 0. 
l(oliiiis,.ii ; |Mr,:>, N. 1;. It, . I, III,,, n. Win. I!>eis: lNi;;t, N. ti. U.iliin 

liieh.l. I'ayl.ir . I.sill. ■|li,,.s. (.'lalLiin. .lohn Dawson ; INii.'i to IH70, 

ineliisive. .lohn D.iws I'lio-. ilnihani : I '•71-7-', .lohn D.iwsoii. K. II. 

Iloppei . IH7:!, .lohn Dawson, T, il. .\iiderson. Tims. Clark. Thisyuiir 
Nepean I'eeame eiitltleil t,i tw.i I '' /n, ..., Diirinj; the ,\ear the /I'l-re, 
Ml. D.iw M,n. ri'sioned. ami -loliii i.. la-annan wa> i.tei.eil in his stead, 
lh71, Col, I'.e.irman. Thos. Clark, T (I. Amlerson ; ls7."', Thos. Clark, 
T. tt. .Vnderson, .lohn Tlioinps'iii ; IS7ti, the same, with .lames Davi- 
son ii.lded as tliipl /''/."'.v : IH77, Thos. Clark, ,loliii Uaw-oii, .lohn 
Tli..iiips..ii,.l.,lin fhiisiiaii. .11.: 1H7H. /.'•■.., Thos. Clark; /',/.m(os, 

T. 11. Andelsoll. .I,,llli rllo|iips,,|i. .I..I111 ( 'hli:.tiall, .Ir. ; l',;imUin, .lollll 

Kosier; '/•.'.. I'. W. liar r: 7V.,...., Ce,,. Arm.hl ; .■l..««,.,. .lohn • 

Itoyee ; i\.H^,i..,-. Daiil, n'llr.icly ; .•! .i./i /.,;,.. Thos. Anders. Ir., John 

K. I i'ltitiily. .Mr. Ilarmer has lu-en 'i\"'\t.*luti t'l>i-t, t\]tu-i> IHtill, when 

he sneeeed'e.l Mr, St.ipled on the latter'.s death. He i 1 also Clerk 

of the Divise.n C,,llll. hehl at II, ll's C.."-.i's; ami ol f the most 

ol>lii;ini(. ellu'ieiit, ami iiopnj.ir piiMie ollieers ill i!ie County of Ciirlelon. 
The linanees of the Township of N'epeiin are In 11 healthy eondi- 
tioii. The ordinary reeeipis (exeliisiM- of si-hool raiei) for Itf77 were 
X'.l.li7.'>.:il. and .prdinaiy ,.\p,.|i,liliire». ^S.^.'Sll.."!!). Tlir assets of the 
T,,wiisliii. are e^iniiaiid at a \.ilm' ( .•'■-•li.ilii:!. II, and it< liahilitio.s. 
.*<.lliH,'.'7 leaiiiii,' a Lalam, in Ia\,.r .,f assets .,f (117. '.Mill I I ,1 nio.st 
fax.a'alde sliowino. The Townsliip ieeei\'eil from tlii. Miinii'ipal Loan 
Kiiml (exiliisive .,f interest the sum .,| .>ini.|;m,ilii, .,f wliieli ."Ui.iinii 
was paid for -t,,ek .•! the nttawa and N' ,.e,ili Koad C.'., the halaliee 
liein'4 evpelid' d Ml the i^elieral lepairilm of hiuliwavs and liridj^'es. 
They al,',. own i*! ,1 " n i.i « I of »l..ek in the Nepealiaml .\. (lower Itoa.l ; 
and their whole iiuesiinent in l!oad--toek ."•Itl.iHin.iin) reliinn an 
interest var.Mlii; from 1(1 to l.'i per rent I'll I la we .see that whatever 
way we I, .ok at Ne|ie,iii, we lilid il a! Ii-ast approaehilnr wliiil its ,iil- 
niirels eliiiii it t,<)ie a lii.sh'l To .Mi>liip ill I he ahstr.'iet , and '/o iiio.le! 
Township ,,f the .Metrop,.litaii I oiimy in p.ii lieiilar. 

GLOUCESTER. 

This is the tiiht Township of (he i',,nnt\ in population, and the 
seeoiid ill wt-altli as well as in area. It eonMins .*>;i,o7^I aeri-s of land, 
■J,"i.;ii;ii of wliieh .lie improved. The assessor's valuation of this is a 
trille iindi-r I) million^ to wliieh | million w.i.s a, I, led hy the last 
" e.plali/ati,.li " the lioiires siandlle,' now at .■<I,7l':(.:1'J1. The p.ipll 
latloll Is 7.HI,*). ,,r l.:',ii,' lii-'le than Nepeaii, the ne\t most populous 
Township. There are l.i'l''-' re^i-lenl. ami '>'2 noii resident rate]i,i\ cr,.. 
The i,.rnier are a.sses.sed for i^'h'i.Mii: ,,f personal pioperty, and own the 
foliowmu doinestie animals ; I .li.'i.'i cattle. I.I14I slieeji, ti.'i.'t pios. and 
U7ii hor-e,.. 

lieooraplileally. lihnieester i- sitllateil III the llorlh-easl part ol the 
, I oiiiity. ami IS lioiindeil (ii'eimliin.' New Kdiiiliiiri;li on the north ami 
I west liy the lltlatta ami lli,le,iil lespeeluely. ,,ii the s,,iiih h\ I ),"■ 
l^inide, and ..ntlii' east hy the I Canity of Ifns^ell 

Topooraphi :ill,\ . ll preselit.sall exeeptiolially eleli siirface. wliieh 
e.ivers almost its «li.,le urea exeept tlio.se parts lioLhrinn upon the 
Itnleaii and >'\. Lawrenei!. when' the ..^roiiml is more liroken, \ai.\iii^' 
fnaii the sli'.dilU iimiiilat llej to llie moilerati'h roilith ; and pn sent 
111:; almost e\ery know 11 \ai leiy ,,f l„.ili .piahtyand ileseripijon of soil, 
raiiuino from the lii;iitest sand, throiii^h clays ami malls, to s.,lid 
folk, ami therefore from the he.st to the most worthless. 

Cohioh.iUv, the lamje of iainn ,,l ihe \.iiioii, l,„.alili,- in ihi- 
Town-hip i- veri eM,ii-u,., an, I ha- aliv.i.ly lie..ii r,.h.rieil to nn.ler 
that he. I, I. (lemialU -p,.ikinu, the low II it paii- a"llliie .1 .eriaill lllil- 
, foniiitv ,if ioiii,,riiialioii, which, when liee.i ..f the natural ovurll,,w.< ol 
I water hy a pia. Ileal svstein of .li.iiiiaoe, will make it one . if the richest 
known vc, ii,.ii- for \,.;;>'tahle- uiid ;.'ras-es. ami tlii...e \arietie^ ,il cenaU 
wlii, h lloiirisli III a dump, rich -oil. 

I In,. ,,| till- import. ml h-.itiiie« in tin' i;eooiupliv, lopo^rmphv, ami 

IlkeWlM lhe>;e..l..i;.\ ot I l>._-i„,d.- 1- the .elehrate.l o Mcr lllell " ' .1 pol- 

; tioii of the cu.-leni-ceiilial -ectioii. which is covereil at a coniparativelv 

lli>;ll altllmle alsive ihe IMtawa. and «veli tin liideail level, with the 

"Mile -.a." a- tin l-'ieii, li . ilh.l 11 when iU,\ lii-i hicat,.il ill it., vicinity 
a II. line whi, h il -liil relaiii- in ihvirowii l.iiiiMime. It i- he,ie.ilh the 

.llila.e .,| ill. Ml V 111.. II that ll 1 .hall-tlhl- licl- ,,l* peal lie wlie h 

have lately l'e);ilii to .illiaci , ..iiseler.ihle attilitioil. I'ntll these lUi' 
ntili/isl for -Line -ii'li piirpi'-e i- prdeeled, lioweier, the land will f, r 
all l.nie lie woithh— , mile- th, i.le.le .M-i 1:1, n (eoim-tiiio -d -.'v d 
th.'il.ian.ls ol uclc-|lie druilicl a -clelli.. w he ii appeals p.lh'dly l...i.sihle, 
Kill likeli to ll III. tin for ^en,ialioii< iiiipioliia'-le. consi,l,.i ino i|i,, jn,. 
iiiellM' li.e I- ol fertile laiuN wiiiiin .,iii)ianiti\,.|y ea-y li'.teh, wlihii , an 
he ol tamed nier.'ly tor Iln- takinj. 

The Kiem h eieiii.nt pn.loiiiiiiil - m this T,,w'i ship, nmie than in 
.nil ..ih.r ol the Coiinly. ' ein^ ,.,.ii|im.,| 1,, n,, |„,i.|i, ii|;,i^,.|.||,,|, |,„| 
lllill.:le,l ami vlll.re.l ol, I th'e wli.,|e, e.Xci.pl thi' -,illthnel ■•.iriier, 

l.oiin.h.l .ipproMiii.i-U hi th, '■ i.loiiiest.-r' i,'a,l ll .III Hillino. Undue 

to«ar.l .Me'tealle. 

.*- to till' earh -1 111. ni.iii nf ilh.ii, ,-ler, it wa- ihe -cmd T,pwii»lii|i 

III itie Ciinli III p,.llil ,,| Intl.. . ,111,1, with till- ejl'-epti,, II ,,1 .1 -ill^le 
laliiilv, that .1 Ira llniiey ii.ll. win. liu.l -elllcl ahold fivi niiies iipuhut 
wa ufterw.iid- tie. " l!n limoir! II..I.I.' Itia,li-h Itilliin^-, nli.i was the 

pi. ur ol lii.'iiicslei, was till. Iir-I perinam III ...ttler on the whole 

.,,iitli -lion of the <l|t,'iw;i. ililioiis,'li it 1-, proi,.|i h\ .irhiiii tilh-n' 

. ,,1,1- that 0111 Kero||-.,n hie tie, I <,li the 1 iltawa Irolll of the Town -hip a- 

ealU a- l"li:l. hut - 1 ,ilterw..l,i- -.1,1 .,| .ihaiidoliiil the < lallii. ami lell 

l,,r oihei put-. 

'I'll,, liillln:.- >\i'le an ohi Km.:ll-ll tainill wh,, etlld at t:,,slli.|i, 
mar r,o.|,.|i. M.i--.. -.-leral ;;eiieratioii- pnivini- I,, the Hcl oliil|,.li in 
W.ir. I'll.- lather ol lira.li~li llilllliaH was a Dr, llillino-, hi.inul C..-I1, n, 
a mall ol an iinii-iial iiie.iint ol ner-omd .iml political inlliieme. ami a 

■ miiitaiA -uin'on wh rv.'d willi ,listimiioii in ih.. Cuitimiiiiil ariiiv 

.lining' th,' Id'Ciliiiioii. The llillm - all e-p.,ii-,.<| ihe -ide of their 
felhiw col, ,111-1,-. and .1 nniiiher ot them -ervcl in the army on tii.it 
1 siilo. .Mier the a, know i.sloni.'iit o| Imlependemi., a- is well known, 
I initn.i' win. ha, I i.ikeii -nh-H with the victorious part\ hecaim- lirisl ,,| 
the new ilovciiiiiieni, .,1 p,'rh.ips l..iii,'i'.l ha the liclier luiids ol Ciina.l.i. 
Ire. "lit- ..f wheli th, Hnl ih aiilli.,rilie» lih.ially hehl out a- an indilci- 
nii'iit to eiii'oiii.iL'e ,\iiieii<.in imiiiiuiiition. 

Itn the I'lili liev. hipinint ■.! this hc-Iii'Iiiv hv llie issimnHiiiv. Sinic.e- 

proclaniation o| IVlll. New l''.nt;lai..| p.ior in nod, hut rieli In intelh'ci 

,,.iilrilo,te,| 11 . mall shine lowaid the .ctth'tiieiil ,,1 what -iili-eiphiu 

ll hc.i .111,1 I.I till- .l.iv ...ntiiia, 1.1 I.. , tl'i. Iiip.-i poll i, ,11- of rpp, I 

Can.ld.l , and .illloliK lh..-e who c.lliie hither ill 1 7U2, .ilnl -ettleil in 



XXXVl. 



HISTORICAL SKi:r( 



llicK'kvilli', »ii" l>r. Ilillii>^"<, till' 1 xiiMn I !■! ilir Auii'iiiMii iiiiii>. M<i 

lm<l II liiiuily at lliin Iiimc, iiI wliinii lliwlinli, Imrii iii'iir Itiiituii, wuh 
tlif'ti hint' yi'ftn of m^i: 

Tint yoini^ Kosioiiian, wlit'ii lie ^n-w to iriiiiilinud, Kraih'lii'<l tnit into 
luinlii'iiii^ xpi-nd lulls ; and, \^illi oiiii Win. Marl' a-> a |>ai'liirr, riiiiM- into 
(Jlonri-^ti-r and tnok ••ut oak tiiidirr almi^' tht> Fiidtau .■•< cailv a^ lln- 
winirr ul I'^iP'.t-MI. Vniinn llillill^s, allir uhikiih,' al llii- lin-iiirii a- a 
jo)>Imt twii III lliiiT laMMiiii^, till' Pliiii-niHii \Vii;:lit, (it Hull, iiiadi-n|i lii- 

liiiiiil III <i'lili> ill llii' iii'iKlilioiiili I : anil in tin' hiuiiili ul Nuvinilur, 

IMiI, III' limit a liiK iliunly lnr a riiHidi-ini', mi wli.it i> iimv l.iil 17, 
Juiii'linii (iiirf,iil IJIiau'i'-Iir. 

'I'lii' 'rii»n-lii|i al that linn' liad imt Imm'Ii laid mit In riiiM'i"-iiini Jiiid 
liit>, Imt II- iiM'tr. and linniidi laid lni'ii ^it nil liy a man nann'il Slrad- 
inaii. Alti'i liiiildin^' liii nliaiitv lii> runlinin'd in n-Kidi' tlnii' lliinM^'h 
till' » lull r and uri iiiit liiiilii'i'. lie had in Iiih i'in|i|i>\ Win. Itlakilrv, 
Klkanali St.iHill, and aimllii'i' man all .'\iiii>riraiii. 'I'lii'V Inal i uiiii' 
diiw'ii Iriiiii Itiirritt'^ Ua[iti|-i with thi'ii sii|i|ilii-- in a khiw, imi|iak!i->l ''.^' 

tWn nun, wlllii' Ihr ntllll' IWn llrnM' IlinW tllliillnll till' riil'ii-t. .\l l|i(;llt'i 

tlii'V Hid ii|> till' I'liu and all --li-iit In tl nvv. am Imii d in lln' -tii-.im. 

The) nni tiii/i II III jn-t iilnnf I.nnii l-laiid, kihI h.id in |iiirlat;i' iheii 
"iiplilii-n thi'iiO' III til thru' liiialnni. 

Ilniini^ that winti'i, at inli'i'vaU, tliry rli'iiii'd rmir in ii'-nl l.iml .il.niil 
thi'lr -haiily ; and III tin' '.|iriii« "I IMKt, altir riinniin; dnuii lln.ir Inn 
liiT t I till' iiii.iw.i. ilii'\ liiiint till- land i han. and |il.iiiti'd inin n|i.iii ii, 
Ihi'ii I'l'lnini'd III Mi'irnkvilli'. .Mr. IlilliiiK^ ri'inaiiird In H' .ill -nmnn i, 
and nil (li'inliir l'^th maiin-d Mi-"- l.anilia iJnw. nl tint |ilari>. u Im »a^ 
liniii at CainliiidKi', WasliiiiKtoii I 'niinty, N. Y., mi ilii' l-l Ma\, IT'.MI, 
and ninvcd In Camida witli In-i' paiint- in I'-n.'i. The .\niiin; ii'iii|i|i. -it 
nllt tnjji'tlii-r Inl' tlnir IM'W linlln' -hiiltl\ altilwai'd-, and l.imh'd al tip' 
-|inl uhiii- till' litth' I'linr.'li imw -land-, mi tin' I'-th (litnlur, l-l.'l. .\ 

VI ry lali;i' -tm I' |n riillal' -li.i|ii', -till luiii{. a- it linn did, {ii-l iii-iili> |ln< 

li'iiii', nil' the rivii' mad, tnuanU llir livii, and il In iln< rlinnli, 

fm'ini'd till' liink III till' hlK '• tin plan' n| t)ii'tir»l Inn raliili in <il -ti r, 

mIii'Ii' this iiill|i|l' |ia-»i'd thril llnni'Vinnnll ill HnllUlilr, i III I'llIK 1 Ih' ttinlil 

lit I'-lil-l I ilinnyh lint I'vactlv III '-nliindi' alti'i' all, Ini- tin- llini- mmi 
nlin canii' with .Mr. I'lilliiii,"' tlm ini'Vinii- Hinti-v H'lnaiind uiih him 

Mill, and I mil' |ii nnainnl Mlthi-. < It tlii'-i'. t«n havi' Imi),' -im !• 

I'lni-hi'd Ihi'ir wmk^ anmn^' llnir lillnw- ; nliili< niii' iililn' iiiiniliir, .Mi. 

.^InWi'jl, llnw H'-idl"» In ll-Wt'^n, N. Y. 

.Mr. l;illin(4- ricarid away at liH land liy dcur having Inn li)aiir< 

I'liai'i'd in I'-iii , making liimliorlin! hi* I'lind ia'<'ii|i.itii<ii till I^i7. wlini 
III' aliaiid 'd It iiitli'i'ly, and d>'vnti>il lii<< liini< thi'mulniih vMlii-ividy 

tn t.ll'nilll^. 

Ill till- yi-ai Isll 111) i-i'i'i'ti'd till' lirnl rmiiii' l.ulldini,' In tin- TnHinilii|i 
-a harii wlmli h -till "tainlinij acmss tlii' mail Imm tin' i huii h. 'Ihi- 

linai'ils III liiiild It with wi'ii- lliiiltid dnivli, ialt-lia|M'. Ir .Minn kvilli' 

wlii'ii- Iln'\ w I'll' -iiwrd. 

In thi'aiitnmii nf l^l:l, alter I'mnint; tn lirr in-w liiuin-, .Mrs. llillin^-s 
lii'lpi'd Inirv'i'st mil husk llif rnrn-i'iop wlinli livr hii-liand had plaiitid 

lln- pii'vinn- spring. MIc ">"»' nf tin- yniiiiK nuini'ii nl il I,i\i, -hn 

was a ,'iil III i-niirpri-i- and spirit, and imt tn In- li.inlki'd nr di- .i-.d 

liy am ni.linaiy diUirnltli's. .Shf h.nl l.ii-n .1 -, I l-ti'ai Iht m Mi riii k 

villi'.' Shi' was hiii'd li\ tin- U'V. U 111. Ilmwn, a pinmi.T .M,ilii.ili-t 

mini-ti'l III that plan', knnwii laraliil widi- In tin- ly day-nl ih,' IIiihaK 

llivir -I'lih'im lit-. Hi' I'lica^i'd In-r Im tlirer innnihs, at !»7 pi-r iiimith. 

ami " liiiald amiinil.' Whi'ii Inr linn wa- mil ht II\ tnid hii tin- 

pinph' had mi inmny tn pa\ with. Imt thai it iln umild imiki I iinii- 

yiiilM/i/i' 111 iilirilt Inr I'ai II nnr tn »lj;li ai'inrdin^ til lilt' almnillt hi iiwi-d, 

lM'(Mr. I'., wniild havi' thiiii di'livii' It in Hm.kvilli' tu .Mr. Ka-tman, a 
ini'i'i'liaiit thi'i'i', ami slir rmild tlii'ii p't Inr innm-y. sin. ai riiii|inj;|v 
mad.' niit till' iinti'-, wi 111 ainiiml In ihi' pi'iiph- .111.1 _'iit tln-ni .ill -lum-il, 
and pn-ti'd In I'.nn'kvill.' mi Innt. .Vnni'd ihi'ii. .M Ka-inian nlu-idln 
.ash thi. n ,t,- ; Imt pmml-i-.l, 11 Ih.' wh.'.'it wa- d.'liv i-r.-.l in Dm, kvill.-, 
that hi- wniil.l pa\ Inr it- valin- i" i/iii"'<. Nntliiii/daiintt'.l, -hi- ri'liiriiid 
In M.'iri.'kvlll.', Iia.l tin' pi'npli'i;alln'i iiptlnir Hinat, wi-iit In llmikvilh' 
vMlh II Inr-rll, ami .nlli'i-ti'd litT acniint Inr It'inhiiiK' wrvni'i In ihu 
rniiiiii,.liiint way. 

I 111 .iiinllnr nn'.i-imi she wlslicd ti) (,'" nil a visit a .listaiifi- nl nvi'v ,'1(1 
mil.'., and had -nin.- tliniK- t" laki' with Inr, inakiin; It iiiipni. tlr.ilih- In 
w.ilk. .Shi' h.'ar.l nl a m'l^;lil"iMr wlm wa- (;i)in- in lli.il dli'i'.'llnii wiih a 
l.iil'l, ami i.'paiiilin thillirr, was t.ild that tln' li.im wa- al Ini -.-rMn il' 
iihe .'"III. I niaiian.' th.'iii with a Inad, Imt tlm nwiii'i' hini-.H . mild imi n,, 

S.I snniia- -111' wi-hi'il. Shua.'.'.'plnl tl tl.'i. lUi.l .Ir.ivi' .1 vury -piriti'd 

t.'ani, iivi'r a .litli.iilt r.ia.l, u .llsiuin-i' ..I ..v.'r lln iiiili-s, and li'av iii); h It 
th.' Ina.l ami .'.iinpli'ti'.l lii'r iiwii t.iislni'ss, ri'turiini -iif.' and •niiml. 

Nut inaiiv j;lrl- III' l.'i nr Hi .Villi- nf an.- wniil.l ri.iwa.l.iv- ..ire tn 
I'lniilalr '111- inndii.-l lit tin- innthi'rs nl Cppi'r I 'iniiid.i during; lli.. .arlv 
part nf thr pri'si'iit .I'litniv. Kniinnalilv fi.i th.'nis.lv.- and mii ,'niin'- 
liy. hnw.'ViT, tll.'V pn-.'s-...| Ih.' spirit, ami .'iiill'aj;i', ami .li'Mitinn wliidi 
inadi' Unlit nf -I'l'ininnl.v in»iii'iii.'niitalih' .IKIii nltii's, spiirmd thI, ki iiinn 
daiinrl's, and liiiivi'lv .'nliipn'r.'.! Imlli. 

.\iia.'i i.li'iit iif.iii iM'ltiiii; I'll iiuitir happi'iir.1 tn.Mrs. Ilillinijsnnt Irni^' 
all.'r -hi' w.i- nianii'd. Shu had lu'i'ii mi a visit tn M.'rri.'kvill, with Inr 

hll-hand, and tlii'V ivil'i' litnrnllii.' in llnir mi sin- w.i- mh:: In r 

liiiliy in lii'l ai'iii- .Sahia, 11. iw liviiii; at Hillings' llriiln*'. " w..st|i,. 
lil-sl' iliil.l l.mn III ill.' 'riiwii-hip and wlnn ap]i|.'a. Iiiiin II.. Iln^i'-i 
liiU'k il.iplil-, I'lilh-nnili Wiinlit. wlin wa- 111 rmnp.inyinnihiln iniim.thir 
tani..'. In smni' iiii-inaiian.'iu. tit ran Int.. llnir-, tln-.w Mr. Ildliii):- ..If 
Ills lialaii'i', and -int tlii'lr lanm' nv.r tli.' rapi.l-. Thi- wa- a iim-i 
ilaiinirmis rapid, and had iirvrr lui'ii ali.'iiipt.'.l i.i In' nin hy i'Mii th.' 
in.i-t I'Xpi'it Indians nr riiftsinrii. Mr Wnnhi iiaildh..! a-lmii' iind i.in 
dnwn In thi' fnnl nf til.' lapl.l-, iinliasi 111 wliat II,' lihl .l..iii', ami fully 
I'Vp.rtinn In wilin-s lli.ir iiiannh'.l Vm p-is da-hr.l iini.niu' thi' 1. . k'- 
nii.lwav. Mis. Ilillinns. Imwi'M't. liriiily k.pl hrr seal, and hnni'Iv 
a--lsti<d 111 r liiisliand in lialainliintlii' riiiil luiik ; and liy tin' In -1 ..f piml 

inilliani'imill, a--i«ll'il \'\ lln' lii'St nf nnml link, ail.l lint ti'innlll'll liv a 

kind iivir iilllliK I'lnMili'lni'. tin- liltli- . raft -hnl IhlniiKli tin' Inamiln; 
wati'is ami l.tw. 1 n and nv.-i Hint-''''! r.>. ks. tilt ,in arilvinn In -till iiati-r 
it wa- alimi-t full nf water an. I In a -inkiiiK . ..ii.llti..ii ; and 111 thi- 
I'M-ltinn siiiiiitlnii Ml-, hillings I'lili'il 1111I till' wiiti'r whlli- In-r Inisli.m.l 
|iaili|li'i| I'm diar III'.', ami tli.'V i.a. In.l tin' -lime analii, t.i tln'ir nwii 
niilnld.lnv and .Mr. Wright's -ii|iii iiii'd.'li'.^lii, jii-t in iinii' to -.iv.- llnin- 

Mi'lvt's li'iilii a wat.'iy nravc. Till- was th.' .n-/./ .isi../. .111 wliiili a .'all'.' 

I'v.r ran th.' Ilni,'- Hmk Hapld-. Th.' Inrniin' .if this ailvcniuri' -till 
liv.'s III Hlllinns' ilrnlni'. Slir isyi-t a smart wuiiiiin, Imlli pliybii-alK and 
Int.ll.i lii:ill\, tliminli inn. in InrHllnl vi'iir. 

U'llli till' ox.'.'ptinli nf till) liinli ali.ivr-niinnid, win. ,'aiiii' in with 
Mr, Itillilinn to Work f..r Iiini. m. ntht'vi* looati'd piTiinininf I v in tin- 



Tnwiiship till the year IHI!) ; nllllnll^ll KIk. 

Hfttli'd III iHlit, liitt I. Illy ri'inalne.l ..lie yiar. 

Till' Itdlinps family had in-inhl'nrs, Iniw. 
lli.'ir permiiiii'lit settli iiiulil. .\l.rain l'..w 
inim.'.liately arrnss the Itideail. in .Nepe. 

Iimllnrs ..f' Ins, .San I ami .Marlde, si'ltli.l 

l.eWM NVillnilns, willi a liirfje faniily, sdtlli'.l 
in IHI7 . s.. thai at lliu hint .late i|il'lte a little 
t.irimd tl '^h .Mr. Hillings nii.l lliu limiseh.il 

iti'I'S III (iliilKa'Sli'l-. 

Ill tile snniini'r of IHlli, the 1>.i\i.>'.h ami 
Nettle.l .111 land Htlll nvvni'd hy their doseeml 

fln'ii Liinster, ll'eliilld,alid I h as, .uie nl lli 

"11 Ihi'iilil I lesteli.l 111 Ihe .llini'tliill (Inl'e. s< 

W'i'si.ll, all ev .\a\y ('aptlilli. t'alni' 111 ami 1." 
Iiillik nf the {{ideail tile .same HeilHnn. Tills 1 
wi.le i'i'|.iitatii.ii ami iiitlii. nee dining (Ini early 

exisleliee. Mm llnllHe Was a snlt ..f Ht.ippilin I 

'III th" liidi'iin \ alley ft .Mirriekvllle, nr I 

lis \.-r\ many ..f (he early Mitllers did and 
lati-li-sd'iii}; hannlliK nul of tliu ('apdiiirs i-alnn 
He had a linn pliieo Inn, wlinli Ills lileiil 
last's pl'iiliipted llllil, (1. elnliernsh III aniealeri 
and I'al.llis ..f innnt of the plnneils. Il Is I'.lal 
M ll.i aftenMirds lieealiie a leadlll" .'Itl/.eiint tl 
Cniinty Treasurer for iiiaiiy \eiirs, tli.il he ami 
way fi'niii Kingston (.. Ifyt.iwii, earrylnn then 
and stiip|ii'il, ainnni; nthi'i' phu'.'H, at ('apt. W'll 
liny the I'aptain put them aer.iss the river 
I'liiid mi till' l.'fl hank, Imt nniie mi th.' riulit 
nppnslle Itilllii^s', when they nttraeted .Mrs. 11 
nppnsite side, and Nile eliis-i'd in lier Imal in 
They stiiy.'.l (Ins nielli at Dillinu's' Inaise, inid 
satinii. and while r. : ittnn their a.hentnres l.y 
(hIi.iwiis alriiidy heartily -ii'k nf 1 ho lun-kii.. 

W'lls.ili's was Ihe only plaee she'd .s.'.'ll linl'lh n 
live ..II, and that if ever Inr IiuhI'Iiii.I .iwn.'.l a 
she Impe.l |i miuhl lie a inirl nf (he Wils.m plai 
I'alliir I'l'innti' iil that lime, as .Mr. I »( 'ninini' In 
linl iniiliy years liefore h.. .iwlie.l ami liM.l iipi 
in.'ln.lni'n into a.'i'e.s .if lini.l, wln.li la still in p. 
tli.'UL.di tli.'s.' whnseent'l'ny sueeei'd.'.l in thus in 
mistli'ss nf a tine estate lia\i' Inli^ siliee pass.. I 

.Vinniin the early settlers nf the Tnwnslii[ 

(line after ( 'aplalll \\ llsnii's Ineatlnll were tin 
iiiiw snini'linns klmuii as the " .l.iliiistnn neigh 
that a lai'ne iiliml.t'r nf their discemlaniH of t h. 
lhiri"il..iiits. I il.l Mr. ,l..liiist..ii s(..|.p. n nver 11 
who .lire.'d.l linn where tn Ilinl his laini. wlii.h 
e.'inini,'. (Ill his ri-dirii, he ai^aiii sd.ppe.l at ll 
swer 1.1 the hitter's qin-Htinii nf linw he ^nt aim 
ad d hard s.-raliliie :" w heri'ilfinii tin' ('ii|it 
" llal'ilseral.lile," a title wlinli i'\ I'l sim elias elll 
Is even in.w nmro fiiimliarly known than hy lu 
there were m i.-inU not ev.ii trails siiiijily " 

My.'lswhn llail tillislleil llptlie I.lMlin out .if till 

lu'Cnii s.iine vein- iM'i'i.re hv Si.a.iniali. 

In l-JI Hull .MeK.'inia .am.' int.. Ilh.iiee- 
als.. eaiiie Captain, aft.rwai.l.s 1.1. -('..1. Willin 

Ileal llllllnns, and sllliseiplelllly lieeillne one of 
I'nmninnity in all atfalrs nf piililn eniiei-in. \ 
llnlinl .'lliil ll'iisl held I'y this u'lnl kliiaii were ill 
premnis In I.S.MI, Itee. e huIisi'.|1ii'|iI to that da 
fur iinaiiy yi'iirs. 1 'aptalii ..f Voliiiituers .liirini,' I 

of Mlllda lip III tlie time of his il.ntl lu ..f 

111 the ('..II Illy nf I 'arh'lmi, ami lln lean Canal C 
sell'. II. Ill nf the Imperial Iniv.'i'iiiiieiit. He die 
only last v.'ar, in llie HItli year of I11.S line. 

Till alinlll (he (line nf (he eoliiplelloli of (h 
«ei(le,| ii|i v.-ry sl..w Iv . A laige family iiame.l 1 
ami ,l..lni HnMeii un.l.rt.i.ik ami eiiiiipleii.l 
wlnl.'r lS'JI-'.'i;pi eolilrael ..f .harilin Ml a.r. 
lIUKs. This was then th.' 111. .st ext.'iisive siiu'l 
lllelit, .lohli Holileli was .Irnwne.l In the sprlii 
to ei'..«H tin- river mi the lee nppnHlte Hillings' h 

In IK'.'I 111'' Hnllisters all I C.irinans I'.'.'.n 
(•lie nf the lull, r family is tin- . ulelialed I'lislm 
Clnir.'h. now .if 1 {.'lie Mile another is in. w I ...le 
leet.ir at tlui l)(ta»a .Stat 

liy I •'L*'.! a 111.'.' settlenient had sprung up, al 

i assnin.-il tin- prnpnl'tliillH of ,111111' .1 l"WII, It Wll 

I liave a I'l'iil".' a.-rn-s th.' rner. 1.. inak.' i-nminii 

I hail Inthert.. Lei'ii. .\ snlisi-l iplioii was stall 

Mr, llillinns was the iii.ist aetivn In pr..iii.itii 

' slllis.'i'ilied i''J,"i linnself. .\ slltlien-nt Hlini Wa 

siiininer tn l.inl.l a I'll.li,"' .liiriiiu the woiter 

s.'i'li the .irij,'llial slili-eriptlnii list. H lii.'li eo 

naiii.'s : .loliii Ciilinninham, llilnh .M. Keniia, .1 

Tlmnias Dox.'V, ilnlui llrush, W. iJnllnh, N 

\\ . lloxev, I'l. llilliims. Till' lirsl nanieil mat 

and eollei'tiniis. Thi.s l.rlili;,' wa- kiinwii for 

l-'ariners" llrhlKe, " ami wits naine.l riillinns' llr 

.|il.'nll\ , as well as lie loealily sitri'immlinn 1 

j wlileli wa- In.'ale.l there. 

I The ptii.'.' has since .l.'veh.ped into n very n 

j sitnaled nil lintll sules .if till' Itnlelilt, e.'lltlllllllli 
j ehanies' simps .if all .lesri'lpti..iis, and a lai'^.' 111 
j vat.' I'l'siileln'es. Tlie \' 1 1 lam' P. .si I Ittle.' is nil 1 1 
.'est. -r side - tlll'e.' miles frnlll rarllami'llt Mill, I. 
! w hii'h IS I'li.'.if tin' pleasant est .li i\ . saliv w lii'ie n 
I I'll.' Tnwii Hall I- Ills., hem sitn.ii.ii. It Is 

dinii- l.nildini! nl I'.'.l lirii'k, with white Inirk h.. 
! with p.irti.'.i t.'riiiliialiiit,' in a tiiri.'t, .■niitaiiiiiij; 

i ntli.'.-, pillilii' hall. 111... ell'., all d.'sln I with d 

'• I'l'ipiimnii'lit-. It w.i- l.iiill In 187-1 at a en-l .if 
per .'.'III. il.l. Il.l.. Hal f.ir an hltert-'fi'i's. the am. .in 
Wl..'i7(l (e.v.lusive .it interest) I'l'.'elved floni tin- 
slllplns, the lialllllie id whli'll was evpemleil f.il 
nielli- rllil'll\ ill I'.illlieetinll witll rnilils all. I l.li.lni 



kICAI. SKKTCn OF THE 



till till' yi'iir IHI'.i ; nltlicniKli Klkuiuili llilliii|;H, ii l>Pitlier, 
IMi:i, liiit Miily I'l'iijiiiiii'il Kill' yiiir. 

illiiif;s fniiiily liiiil iii'ixhtM.i'M, Iniwini'i, lliu iii'tl yuiir iifliT 
iiiiiii'iil si.lllrim.iil. Aliniiii Iimw huIIIi'iI «itli lii» fiiiiiily, 

'Iv lirmis llh' lllilullll. Ill Ni'iK'.lll, III IHll, t»M i.tliiT 
if' Ills, .s;;iiiiiii'l aii.l M.'ii'Irli', M'tlli'il iii'iii' liiiM in IHIli , himI 
lllaiiis, witti II l.'iigi* fiiniily, Mettli''! rlu.ii- I'V, iiU<i in Nt'|'ruli, 

U> tlllll lit lIlU lllKt illllC l|llllt' II llltlll tll'i^llllnl'llriuil llH.1 lll'l II 

li"iii,'li Mr. Hillings ami liin limisrlmlil kviv yi'l tlm miiy »fl- 

l"IKU'Htl'r. 

siiiiinii'r of IHIM, tliii l>nxi>yi4 uml <>tli*rHniiH riiini' in ami 
I himl Hiill invinii liy lluir iluwi'mlaiiln. 'Ilic fnriiiri witi' 
Hicr, li-i'liiml, ami I Iimihuh, miiu nf llm lii-Milifi'H, in Mtill li\ iin,' 

lin;,ii>HiL-!iil in tin- .liini-(iMn (ini-p, Mii yi-ai.s ..f iii,'!-. .\ii*4rf\r 
n ('\ Navy f'ai'liiin. caini' in ami l>">k up laml lai ilii' n^lil 
III' Klilcail tlir .saiiic Hea.HMii. Tins ut-nl jnnaii wa^anian <if 
lalM'li ami inllmiui' ililiinn llm iMily days ..f t\]>- r"»nslii|i'.s 
Hill liiiiiHi! «a» a wilt iif «|n|i|.iiii( I'laci lur all »lio rami' in 
iilfiiii X'allcy fi'niii .Mfrni'kvilli', it tin- St. LiivvrtiiL'i.' fnaif 
laliy of tliu rally mtllirs ilnl ami llii'y always fmiml tliv 
in liaiiniliK mil iif tin.' t'a|it.iili's i-aliiM ilinil. 
■ 1 a tiiu< ]ilai-i> t<iM, wlih li hi4 nit'iiiis inialiltsi liiiii, ami liis 
iii|'li'<l liiiii, tn I'lnlii'llisli toaiji'i'iili'ivxti'iii than tlii' rl>'ann|,'ii 

s iif nt nf llm {.haii'i'iH. It Ih I'l'lali'l <if Maliiil i >'!' imt, 

ivai-tls la'i'aini' a li'.iWnii; citi/i-ii nf tin' ('••iiinninity , ami wa^ 
li-asni'i-r f<>l- inaliy vrals, ill it In' ami Ins \\\U' walki->l all tin' 

Kiii!,'sti.n I" r.yimni, lali vino tlii'ii- liiii(o,i^,. ,,n tlnii- liaiks. 
I'll, aiiiMin,' "tliff I'laci'H, at fapl. W'lUnn's ovof-niylil. Nuxt 
aptain |>lll llu'lii ai'f'tsw llic riviT a.s tlitlt.' was tlirii a s.irl ..f 
If Ii'ft lialik. I'lll liolli' Mil till' 1'11,'lit ami tlii'V tlllili,'t'<l "II till 

tilliiiKs', «liin ilii'y atlrai'ti''! .Mrs. Iiillin>,'«' atti'iitim tin' 

HJtli', ami hIii' rii'SHfl III liiT I'nat ami I'l'tiirm''! vMtli tlit'in. 
• '<l tins ni^lit at I'llliii^s' Iioiinl-, ami in llic i'"in--i' of c'lnvrr- 
'I ttliili! ii : itiiij; tlii'iiai I nnt Ill-US l.y tlm way, Mrs. ii'i'niimir 

.ilfady Inartily -nk "f tliu liai-k" Isi sanl that <a|'laiii 

w.'is till' only j'l.u-L' slii'M Mi'i'ti niilili of k in^'Nton w liicli sliu'il 
imI tliat if I'M'r lirr IiiihI'iui'I ovukkI a foot of lami in ramnla 
I I* iiiii^lit la- a part of the Wilson plaru. Tin' prospi'L'l si'i'ino'l 
noli' at thai linn, as Mi . ( n '"iiiior Inni iio nn .ins ; y I'l it n.n 

years ln'fori' hr owni'tl ami Iim-I upon tin' Wilson proprny , 

:iiiO arrcs of lami, wliu-li ifl still in possi'ssmn of tin* family, 
i.is.' whosi; I'lii'i-^'y siict'ii-di'il ill thus iiiakill^ tln-tii niasft-r ami 
'f a till!' (-stall' inai* h'liy sim-i' pass'-il away. 

till' I'arly si'iili'is of thf Township tiioii^'l i till nonii' 

- I ■aptain \\ ilson's loiatn-n wi-rrtlm .lohnsloiis, in what in 

'tiiins known as the " ,|,,)||iHton nci^hhorh I," from tliw fact 

i{t' nuiiil't'r of thrir ili-si-cmlant.s of the sanii' name stilt i-*'>i<lu 
lis. IIM Mr. .i..linstoli slopp. 'I over-niijht with ('»pt. Uil-c.n, 
■t'tl Iiini winle to fiml Ins lami. wimli he liail --.liawn" l.t-forn 

1 111 his ritiirn, he aiiaiii stopp.-.l at the Caplam's, atel in mi- 
le hitter's ipiestioii of Ii'Av he i;ot alony, replieil thai lie "hail 
ai-.l si-ral'Me :"' whereupon the I'aptaili nanieil tin- loi-ality 
•ill >1 lie," a title wliu'li e\ el sim e has i-IiiiilMo it, all'! I'\ wliu'li it 

iw Here faiiiitiarly known than Ky any other. .\t thai 'Lite 
ell' loails not evil trails simply -- Ma/is" left l'\ I he sin- 

n hail linisheil lip the lay ili^oiit of the ]>lali of the {'ownshi]', 

' years Iiefore hy ''steailniaii. 

ll'i-'li MeKriina ealiie int" * Jloin-i -ti-r, aiel llie S'liiie .xear 
Caplain, aft' iwai-ils 1,1. Col. William '•^ii.ytli, who seltle.l 
:s. aii'l siiliseniiently I'eeame one I'f tin lia'liln; men of ihe 

in all afVairs of piil'ln eonei-in. .Xmoii;; the positions of 
trust helil l-y this ^eniletiiiin were that of Ifistrict foiineillur 

{''^'"llt. Keeve Hlllisi'iplent to that ilate. Tow lisllip 'IVeaslirer 

.-lis. r.ipt.iin "f X'oliinteers 'liinno the llel'ill 1. 1 I'ol. 

p to the time of hls'l'-atll, "lie "f ll Mesl .Maoistr.iles 

t\ of I 'arli'toii, ami lie lean f 'anal < 'oinliii-'Sioiier, liy speeial 
f the liiiperi.-il (Government. He >lieil at his oM lioiiieAt(-a>l 

•ar, in file Hlth year of Ins ai;e. 

Ill the time "f the eomph'tlon of the eanal the Touiisliip 
\iry slowly. A lal^e f.'ilnlly naiiieil llolileli i-Aliie ill in l'**'JI. 

Ilo'leii iiiiilertooli ami eoiiipleteil iliintii; tlm follow ini< 
-'1 -JU' I e' 111 I rail of elearini; M) acres nl lami f"i Mr. liil- 

s w.i- then the most eTfi'Ilsixe sinjle 'leal-ill'.; ill the setlle- 

hii Uol'len was 'irowneil III the sprim; "f l^Jli, wliile tryiiiy 

riM-r oil the ii'e opposite Itillin^s' house. 

f tlf Hollisters an i I'.irinans I'l-eaine pi-rmanelit settlers. 

lalli r family is the ' •lelialed I'.isliop Carmaii, of the .M. K. 

'« of llelleuile another IS now llnveriiinent Canal Toll Cul 

III Otlaw.i St.itroli. 

.".I a line setlleliielil hail sprung ll|i,anil as liytown Inel tie n 

pr"pi.rti"iis of 'jiiite a lowii, it nan ileeme'l neeessary to 

|oeai'l-o-s the rixer, to make I'oliilnllnieatliitl easier lliati it 

■to I'l'i'll. .\ slll'Si-Illilioli w.-is starte-l anions the settler- 

us W.'IS the most ai-tivrt in [iroinotiiiti the nioveinetil, ami 

£'J-' himself. .'\ siitlieietlt siiiii was ol'taiiii'l ilnriiii; the 

liiiilil a hri'li!'- 'Inriiii; the wii'lerof |s;.".i-:iO, We have 

ri),'llial Slll'-i-riptl"ll llsl. whieh eompriseil the folloWIIIL.' 

iliii CniiniiiKliaiij, Hiiiih Mi Keiiiia, .1. Telloi.l, Wm. Smyth, 

\e\,.l"lin Itiiish, W. (irilhtli, MeKii'lileii, (Mlirson, 

11. Ililltli'_;s. Till' first nameil inaiiai.'1'il the slihseriptions 

MoiM This I'l'l'lkte w.'t^ kmiwii for a l"iiLi liiiie as " Tin- 

I'l'lui', " ami was nameil r>illiii}(s' i'lri'lL-e si'ine years 'iilise 

s Well as the lociitity siiri'oiimliiii.' it, ami the Post t illii'o 

loi'.'ileii there. 

ii'e has siiiee ileveli'iM'il into a very niee little \ illaoe, partlx' 
ooth si'li'S of the lii'leall, I'olilalllinK ll">el , stoles, ami liii" 
i"ps of all 'lesrripl i"lis, ami a lali^e nilml'i r "f ti.'imlii"lne pi i 
IS. 1 he Villaije l'"st ( Ifliee Is "ll the linlit I'alik, o.i llli.n- 
llii'ee miles from j'arlianienl Hill, l>y a most exrelli'iit loiel, 
of the pleusantt'st iliivesatiy when in lliissi etion of eoitntrv . 
"11 Hall i- also hi'ie silii.il. ,i. It is a t.istellll ami ' "iiini''. 
liii- "t n 'I I'li' k. w nil w liile I'li'k 111' iii','~, M >t'in V'. ^"ihii . 
>'" teriniiiatini^ in a liiiret, I'oiitainin^ tii'' pi""!' vault, pri\ale 
Ii' hall, ell'.., ell'., all 'li'si>;nei| with iliie n'i:aril to its varioii- 
1-. It was liiiilt ill 1«7J at aeost of *!,:iii>, exi'lii«ive of In 
I'li.iollal for anhite.'ts' fees, the aliioiilil heiiu; taken I'lom the 

-neol llltel'i'sll nreiveil ll til" .Munl'ip.ll l,"all l-'lln,! 

li.'il.im e of whii'li was evpeii.leil for "iher loi.il imprnve 
III 1 •iiineetiiili with roilils iiiitt hiiil^i s. 



.\lllioii>{li the Hillings setiletiient was tliK enrlint in llie Towii.liip, 
many ol Ihe pnseht ail.pinrls ol mir liiuli state of i ivili/ation I'ltiie tii-t 

ilito'exi-ti'lK 1' III iitllel piilt-, Itolii till lart llial llytowii W'.- f leilat 

an eaily 'lay 111 it- lii-l"iy, an.l tie' 'listai ep'iialiiio tlnni oiiK I" m. 

that of ililli lent pans "I wli.il Is now really oneiitt.tli' iIiuI'Ik -. 
-'hools, el' ., of Hie toun -erveil the people 'on the ri^hl liaiiknf Ihe 
lii'leall till siiine years alter the I'omph'lion of the laiial, uliiii the 

Town-hlp latlle tii'lie imt'e thirkly ..etlleil. rinre W'ls '1-' lloiil li'.ullel 

liut no i'e>;ii|ar -il ITiou.i' at •• Ihe llii.l^e' lieloie the im eptimi ol