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Full text of "Victoria illustrated [microform] : containing a general description of the province of British Columbia, and a review of the resources, terminal advantages, general industries, and climate of Victoria, the " Queen city" and its tributary country"

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Photographic 

Sciences 

Corpordtion 



23 WEST MAIN STREET 

WEBSTER, NY MS80 

(7)6) 873-4503 




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CIHM/ICMH 

Microfiche 

Series. 



CIHM/ICMH 
Collection de 
microfiches. 




Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions / institut Canadian de microreproductions historiques 





T«chnical and Bibliographic Notaa/Notaa tachniquas at bibiiographiquaa 



Tha 
tot 



Tha Inatituta haa attamptad to obtain tha baat 
original copy availabia for filming. Faaturaa off thia 
copy which may ba bibliographically uniqua, 
which may altar any off tha imagaa In tha 
raproduction, or which may aignlficantly changa 
tha uaual mathod off ffilming. ara chackad balow. 



n 






n 



Colourad covara/ 
Ccuvartura da coulaur 



r~~| Covara damagad/ 



Couvartura andommagia 

Covara raatorad and/or laminatad/ 
Couvartura raataurAa at/ou pailiculAa 

Covar titia miaaing/ 

La titra da couvartura manqua 

Colourad mapa/ 

Cartaa giographiquaa an coulaur 

Colourad ink (i.a. othar than blua or black)/ 
Encra da coulaur (i.a. autra qua blaua ou noiro) 



I I Colourad plataa and/or illuatrationa/ 



D 



Planchaa at/ou illuatrationa an coulaur 



Bound with othar material/ 
Rail* avac d'autraa documanta 



Tight binding may cauaa shadows or distortion 
along intarior margin/ 

La raliura sarrAe psut causar da I'ombra ou da la 
distortion la long da la marga intiriaura 

Blank laavaa addad during raatoration may 
appaar within tha taxt. Whanavar poaaibla. thaaa 
hava baan omittad ffrom filming/ 
II se paut qua cartainas pagaa bianchaa ajoutAaa 
lors d'una rastauration apparaissant dans la taxta. 
mais, iorsqua cala Atait possibla. cas pagas n'ont 
pas *t* filmAas. 

Additional commants:/ 
Commantairas supplAmantairas: 



L'Inatitut a microffiimA la maillaur axamplaira 
qu'il lui a AtA poaaibla da aa procurar. Laa dAtaila 
da cat axamplaira qui aont paut-Atra uniquaa du 
point da vua bibliographlqua, qui pauvant modiffiar 
una imaga raproduita, ou qui pauvant axigar una 
modiffication dana la mAthoda normala da ffilmaga 
aont indiqute ci-daaaoua. 



I I Colourad pagas/ 



D 



Pagas da coulaur 

Pagas damagad/ 
Pagas andommagAaa 

Pagas raatorad and/o( 

Pagas rastaurAas at/ou palliculAaa 

Pagas diacolourad, atainad or ffoxa< 
Pagaa dicoloriaa, tachatAaa ou piquAaa 

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Showthrough/ 
Transparanca 

Quality of prir 

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includes supplementary matarii 
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Only edition available/ 
Seule Adition diaponibia 



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I I Pages diacolourad, atainad or ffoxed/ 

I I Pages detached/ 

r~1 Showthrough/ 

|~~1 Quality of print varies/ 

I I Includes supplementary material/ 

I — I Only edition available/ 



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Pages wholly or partially obscured by errata 
slips, tissues, etc., have been refilmed to 
ensure the best possible image/ 
Lea pages totalement ou partieilement 
obscurcies par un ffauiltat d'errata, una peture, 
etc., ont AtA filmAes A nouveau da fa^on A 
obtenir la mailleure image possible. 



This item is filmed et the reduction ratio checked below/ 

Ce document est filmA au taux da rA'' ction indiquA ci-daaaous. 

10X 14X MK 22X 



"'^^^•' 



16X 



20X 



26X 



30X 



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71 



28X 



32X 



ails 

du 

tdifiar 

una 

nag* 



Tha copy filmad hara haa baan raproducad thanks 
to tha ganarosity of: 

University of British CohimbM Library 



Tha images appaaring hara ara tha baat quality 
possibia considaring tha condition and lagibiHty 
of tha original copy and in kaaping vvith tha 
filming contract spacifications. 



L'axamplaira film* fut raproduit grica A la 
gAnArosit* da: 

Uiiiversity of British Columbia Library 



Las imagas suivantas ont At* reprodultas avac la 
plus grand soin. compte tanu da la condition at 
da la nattat* da l'axamplaira filmA, at an 
conformity avac las conditions du contrat da 
filmaga. 



Original copias in printad papar covars ara filmad 
baginning with tha front covar and anding on 
tha last paga with a printad or illustratad impras- 
sion, or tha back covar whan appropriata. AH 
othar original copias ara filmad baginning on tita 
first paga with a printad or illustratad impras- 
sion, ard anding on tha last paga with a printad 
or illustratad imprassion. 



Las axamplairas originaux dont la couvartura an 
papiar ast impriniAa sont filmAs an commanpant 
par la pramiar plat at on tarminant soit par la 
darniira paga qui comporta una amprainta 
d'imprassion ou d'illustration, soit par la sacond 
plat, salon la cas. Tous las autras axamplairas 
originaux sont filmAe en commanpant par la 
pramiAra pags qui comports una amprainta 
d'imprassion ou d'illustration at an tarminant par 
la darnlAra paga qui comporta una talla 
amprainta. 



Tha last racordad frama on aach microficha 
shall contain tha symbol — ^ (moaning "CON- 
TINUED "), or tha symbol V (moaning "END "I. 
whichavar applias. 



Un das symbolas suivants app&raTtra sur la 
darnlAra imaga da chaque microfiche, salon le 
cas: le symbols — »> signifie "A SUIVRE ", te 
symbols V signifie "FIN". 



Maps, plates, charts, etc., may be filmad at 
different reduction ratios. Those too large to be 
entirely included in one exposure are filmed 
beginning in the upper left hen^ cornar. left to 
right and top to bottom, as many framaa as 
required. The following diagrams illustrate the 
method: 



Les cartes, planches, tableaux, etc., peuvent Atre 
film As A des taux da reduction diffArents. 
Lorsque le document est trop grand pour Atre 
reproduit en un seul clichA, II est filmA A partir 
da I'angle supArieur gauche, de gauche A droite, 
et de haut an baa, en prenant le nombre 
d'imagas nAcessaire. Las diagrammas suivants 
illustrant la mAthode. 



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Victoria Illustrated 



I'riii.isiiii) rsniK \in vi -.rn k«. pf 



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The Corporation or the City of Victoria 



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l (.)\ lAIMNl. \ (.INI.KM l>I.M Kll'l K>\ 0\ Mil. I'KONIMi: Oh HKIIIMI COllMIHA. AM) A 

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\\|) I I, IMA 11: 01 \K rOKIA, I III; Mjri-IA' CIIA , AND 

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irUIIMlli) ll\ I I. LIS \ (.1)., "I HI ( iiIoNlsT, \|( loUlA, II. C 

I Si|i 



Victoria iLiLdSTRATED. 



Till', niTc.its (or ^luii ;i \M>rk .i- the '>ii<- ii"\\ |.i. ,(iu< il, li.i.. iliirini; anriil \i-,irs, 
|.....in<- i^ciKT.ilU rcro^iiizril l.\ .ill li.isiii- .il Ix ,iit lli.- ini.ir.t. ■>! \iit..ii.i. .in-l ..1 
till nMunilucnt I'nniiin- i>l' wlurli it i. iIk' ( .ipiMi. Il<n<<- tlii. Konk nijuin-. lilllc. ii 
■ iiu. iiiliiKliutiMU u> it. n-.il"!-, ,it liMiMc. I'm tlif |iiil>li( .11 l.irj^f. r.ii wliMin il i. juiii. i|. ii!\ 
iimixlr.l. il i. ■.iitficiiiit to s.i\ tli.il tin- oLifit >.l lli< |)ul(lii.ili<.n i, ii. mJvc in .i , luiici .c 
r-irm .1^ i.u,>il.lc. .1 U\\ l.ut". noiinliiij,' .i * il\ . \vli-.-< -iil.^t.iiui.il ^n.wili .m.l n.inir.i! .i-h.iii- 
tajjos arc witlvnit |iiir.illil in tln' I )<>iniiii"iii <>l » .tn.ul.i. 



In till' t'llluwini; l>.iL,'i'^ will he tminil .i n<< "^-i.triK luid hi^i.irv <•! tlii . iM-.niiilul .in<l 
pri.^iKTiiii, at\. it, iril>ut.ir\ ri--,iHirci-s. and ut s..rni- i>t tin- <iu<r|iri -in^' .iiul l.ir .<«in;; 
MKi) \sli<> .ipiirci i.itin^ il> K""'''' \aUi«- as a crnin- ul ir.ulr. ami ihc wt iltli nl the n oiiric-s 
of th( triliut.irv c(>umr\. Ii.i\c aitit-d in ni.ikin},^ il ilu' rirhca ind most import. mt city in 



ihc l'ru\iiicc ut iJriiisli Columbia. 



I'.l.lls X (' 



(). 






— ' 1-J^miJ.U.l ' l .l-UJiiUi,!!- ' 



VICTORIA. B. C. 



rO ilsowti Diituriil advanta^t-s, apparent In iiilolli^;»'iil 
nhstTMTs 01 en bffi'ri- the axo hail boi-n iaid ti> llio 
fir.t Ircf ttn its >itc, N'ivl.Tia mvc*. nnl only its 
liirlli. hut its (growth in |v>piilati<<n, uoalth aiul ctMiinuTi-ial 
iiDpiTlani 1-. It has li.ul no artilii'ial .lih .iril.i^i.-s. Nti rail- 
\va> k'ri>Nsinj; a ii>nliner\t t.> (^ixe it liti- anil ri'miniTii' ; no 
brilliant picturing of the hiaiiH of its livation, or ill'.- 
saliibrili of its iliniati' ; no worUI-w iiK/ a>l\ ertisinj^ of tlu- 
untolil \aliii-s of tlu- \irj;in inini-s anil lori'sis in ilu' tribu- 
tary I'oiintr), or tlu- wealth of its adiaient waters, are to 
be thanked by \'iitorians fi»r the importanie that their eily 
has now attained in iommeri;e, or the allraetions it offers 
l.> people of wealth and refinetnent, in search of a delij^ht- 
ful plate ol residenee. 

Fifty years ajjo, before ininii^ration to the shores of 
the I'.uiru' was allra>'led b> the dise.iverv i^f jioUl in I'ali- 
fornia. Kort \ iiloria had an exi.tenee. The jjold seekers 
wert- preieded h\ the fur dealer-, and the tirsi house in 
vthal is now the ^ueeiiK i apilal i^i Ifrilisli l't>lunibia, was 
th.tt ol K^ni- of the adienlurous traders o\ the lludsiwi's 
\\.i\ lonipaii) . As years rolled on, ihe iniportanee of the 
post oi^ ihi- s.nilhern extreniil) of \'ane.'u\er Island bee.ime 
more and n>ore reeoj;ni/ed. l\<pulation imreaseil ; the 
Hii.ls.^n's lla\ I'onipanv, with its store-keepers, trappers 
and lr,iders, f.irniinjf ^^t^i: important elass ; while another, 
dr.iwn fr.mi the .hips of the Royal Na\y, whieh paid 
frequent \ i .it • li' the shores of N'aneouxer Island, more 
|{ra.luall\ heeam,- a ni'tieeable lealure of its soeietx. 

Then earn.' news of ^old disio\er-es in various parts 
of tlie lountrx Iribularv li' the slruj^^lini; settlement, af.d 
ihen the inllux ol the arnix i>f the .\r>;.inauls. Knim 
I'alifi'rnia. where the\ tasted the sweet and the bitter 
of the j;''ld fexer. the treasure-seekers, with pick .-ind 
shoxel, poured into \'ictoria, equipped iheniseKes, and 
passed t^<\ in hundreds ,ind ihous.uids to the I'Vaser, or to 
tiiriboo. Ihe historx of \'iet,>ria"s life during; the "sixties," 
is the history of many plai.'e« in Ihe West, which (jold finds 
have made famous in a day. 

The mad se.irch for riches made the villaj^e .1 city 
and one, while the excitement was at i(s hei^fht, oi con- 
siderabli population and •onslanllv ch.in^;in)i character. 
After ihe fever came the re.iclion, which even more tried 
the younj; and ^tru>;>{lin^ citv. Many of Us citizens, how- 
ever, knew its worth, and Victoria passeil the crisis s.ifely, 
and commenced the sieadv, subst.mti.il j^Towlh, which iias 
led ti' its reci'tjnilion to-dav as the wealthiest eit) for its 
si/e upon the continent. 

SI II VI ION. 

Located at the southern e\lremitv of X'ancouver Island, 
the situiition of X'ictoria is remarkable for its beaulv. 



ami its ad.iplibilily I > the purposes of commerce. The 
city rises gradually Irom the Straits of San Juan de I'uca. 
ami from the land-locked harbi<r in which its extensive 
"•hippiny: lies in sjifetv. The ^;rades from the water-side, 
throu^;li ihc business section, to the suburbs are all jjentle, 
and no ln>;li bluffs, alike ilanj;erous and incoin eiiieni, mar 
any of the wide and well kept streets. Ihe liarbi<r .ind 
shippinij facilities caniii't be surp.tssed. Hv the evpendi- 
lure yl huiulreils k4 ihous.nu's ol ilollars, private enterprise 
has constructed at Ihe entrance to the harbor proper, docks 
capable of accon>modatinj; and sheltering; in the riiu);hest 
i;ale that blows, the lar^je-.! s|..-amships and sailin); vessels 
to be found upiui the waters of the I'acilic. Their course 
from the ocean is a clear one, there beini,' iiii d.iiif^erous 
and torluiMis ch.inmls, and .10 shoaU i>r rocks. .\i this 
outer di>ck, for which Mr. K. P. Rilhel deserves the j;rati- 
tude ol N'iclorians, abund.int water and excellent vvharla^e 
is afforded for shipping; ol any drau^^hl. The shore line of 
Victoria hiirbor. which is entirelv protected by 'he natural 
ci)nlormatii>n of the land, is about seven miles in lenmh, 
i;oi>d anchiira^,'e beini; found in many places, while well 
app.'inted wharves ixteiid lor a mile or more in almost 
unbroken successioi;. Here it is that iKvens ,•>( steamers 
and sailing craft of all sizes are to be f.niml at all se.isoiis 
iif the vear, receivinj; or discharj;in); frei>,'lit. The >;re.it 
majority of the wharves are lighted by electricity, and all 
are provided with the most approved appliances for the 
quick despatch of business. 

lil'slXKss roK no\. 

Victoria's business streets are wide .md handsome. 
The policv o\ the people has been not ti' concentrate the 
business life o( the citv upiMi any one street. Hence, 
liovernment. Fort. \'ates. |)ouf;l.is and Johnson streets 
are all bustling; ciimmercial lhi>rou);hfares, while a vast 
amount iif substantial business is transacted daily with 
verv little show I'li Wharf street, the mart of the vvhole- 
s.ders. tiovernment street beinj; the first business .iv enue, 
still retains first impiiriance. while (or massive structures 
of brick, stone and plate ^las' , jlouj^las street is rapidiv 
all.iinin^ promineiwe. .\ll i^i the business streets boast 
buildings i^t imposinj; desijjn and the most modern .irranjje- 
ment, but the city differs materially Irom many others in 
the neifjhborinj; States, in that it is tar from beinj; built to 
meet a non-existent dem.md. Fmir and live story blocks 
are uncimimon, but everv IiH>I of accommodaliiMi pnniJed 
is utilized. In this particular point will be seen the <.\->n- 
servative policy which has made the city what it is; the 
boom policy, so common to Ihe cities ii| Pujjet Si>und, is 
thorou^jhly lackini; here ; the business atmosphere is 
different ; nedits are maintained, and (Eastern merchants 






I7( roKf. I ru.rsTR. i /•/ /> 



always poini with priiU' aiul lonrulciK--.' Ii< llu'ir trailc with 
this point ; in tlu' hito unsvttloil linaiiiial iVi'linj; i'\ii-nilin>; 
lhri>ii(;lii<ul lUKst parts nf tho \\'(<rUI, it ina\ Iv ii'iiruU-nlly 
asscrloil that \'ii-toria fell il less than any cily »M5 the Pacilik.', 
ami, in l'a»t, .onl larjfi- sums nf iii»>iii'\ In tlu' Souml I'ilics 
ti> alU'viali' tlio strinjii'iikj at thcsi' pninls. Sn^riMt, in 
I'ai-I, is Ihc crcilil of X'li'loria lliat the i'it\ bnntU timl a 
roailx marki-l at } por I'l-nt. 

Kl \l IV. 

I'roportN xaluc". have i;ri>wn stcailily iliirinj; tlii- past 
iwoiUy years ; and hero may be luUcd «mio fact foncern- 
\n\i \'iiti>ria aiul N'iitorians uliiih is very si^niluant. 
Nine-tenths i)|' the i ity's residents nw n tlieir homes, and, 
if in husinoss, their business premises. Siieh a stiite- 
rnent can he made of hut few cities in the land. 

The following,' compilation furnished b> tlie Hritish 
l\>lumbi,i Hoard of Trade, nixes since |HM«> the value i>l 
real estate, persona) properix anil iiuonie assi'ssvij in the 
t'ity oi \ictoria ; 



NlMfv. 



VnliLiJiun 
kiiil l'.»li\lf. 



Valualion 
Kxiiiipt Ko.ll 

I^Llll'. 



ViiiuAlion 
I'niintly. 



T.>x.ili)i' 
liu'iimi-. 



l8So %2.lf>l,'Hl 
iSSl 3,749,075 

2, 8(19,675 

3,o<>i,2.S5 
J, 104,S«)0 
5. 1 7X, Soil 
5,644,410 
5.7$o.»95 
.'i.75X.445 
S.'M«.90| 
i).j67,6ou 
17.700,000 



IS.SJ 
IS.SJ 

I8S4 

iS,S5 

1886 
1887 

l,S.S.S 
I.S.S.) 
lS<|o 



8 ST 8 r I 2 

•^. C t^ «^ t 



* i : : : 
~ >•'.'. ', 
si::: 

■5 1 =* 
I i i i- 



$3,150,000 $145,000 
j.j7S,ooo l7J,»oo 



{.260,000 

3.440,000 
3,445.000 
4.1S4.63S 

4.4^5.?" 
4,K7(i,(>52 

5.74'<.7'>7 
6.376,830 

7.5if..37S 



I48,<xn 

IJl.rxi 
I 5 1 ,OiJU 
236,870 
27O.OXJ 
4li),62u 
46 1, go ) 
t<\i.lS<< 
M<l.2<»l 
7.i''.45'> 



The folKnxinj;, also trom the same s»>urce is interestini,' 
as f^ixiiij; the comparative xalue of real estate, personal 
properly ,'ind taxable incvime o( the li>ur principal cities in 
British Columbia : 

YEAR t 800. 



|)<"MTi|.tion of 
.'\vsfsM.<l \ aluc. 



Xii'totb. , \.iii<'<>uvrl. 



I \Vc%tmiiiMcr. 



Nilll;lilll<'. 



Krai y.AMv . $<i. }67.'ioo ' $9,500,000 '' $3,557,815 I $f«S5,ii55 

i 
r«r-.iinl l'rO|icrl)-.i (,. jSii.Sto 7.l9.'i74 Sl<>.''5'' S' '.'"•' 



Inmiiic (•.akal>lf)... 6i9,2(x> : a8o,loo 



62,650 



T..i.i;. 



I'l, 373,630 ; 10,520,074 4,167,121 



19,900 



IK.vri|i<itin of 
.Xmirwnl N'aliie. 



YEAR last. 



Vicliiri*. I Vtnctnivvi, 



Nrw 
Wnlmindrr. 



Nana Inn I, 



Kc.il i:<inti' $17, 7< 0,00 $ll,7ao,oix; $6.')74,7M $i,(xio,fno 

l'>i«..ti.il l'rM|«'ii). 7.516,378 3,413,550 1, 344,51.2 *»2,45ii 

736,450 J44.JOO 9l,y»> iH.ioo 

a5,q5a,8tli . 14,257.810 . 8.410.722 i.rm.jso 

1,246.410 ' .ino.oao 1.6N7.2CO .Viit valunl 



llM'.MlK' (t.lV4l»t(*K. 

Tottl7!r~ 
K>.iil ¥m. <n<tmx't\ 



i.-!i7.t"i5 



i;rin« T.iliil. ' 27.l<t9,l.)'l 14,557,850 10,097,922 l.72»,55o 

l'i.|>'ii,lViiMi<i8>>t • 16.840 IJ.«*S 6,641 4.S'>$ 
\.iliir |«'i <'.i|iii.i .. $i.iii4 29 $1,06378 $1,52054 

Il max also be slated that vxheii Ihenvvx citx limits are 
included next year, the assessnieiil will be increasvtl bv 
about ifi'.iMiD.iiiKi. 

sov I.M.I. V. 

.\s a place of residence, \'iclv>ria offers attraclivms that 
can be presented by no other city in the I'rov ince. Il is 
the conunerci.d, political and social capital. Here are the 
I'.'rIiamenI buildinj;s, lourls and liovernment v'Hici-s; and 
here the hcailquarters of Her Majestv's iK'et in the Ni>rlh 
Pacific, as \»ell as of " I' " Kattery, K. I' .\. The otlicers 
ol the service are e'.er read) lo assist in an\ leslivilv, ,ind 
their presence tends materially li> the success of the social 
pleasures of the city. The society of Victoria is of the 
hij,'hest order, and fully emial ti> that of any citv km\ the 
.Xinericin continent ; everxbodx has the lest privilej^es of 
jjihhI educati(>n, whereas the perst»nal ownership of homes 
and their attractive surroundinf,'s, so universal here, must, 
in the nature of thinjjs, bef»et and increase refinement ; the 
X'ictorians are proverbial for an easy distribution of time 
between olVue and home, ,ind it is this very l,ul that makes 
their homes and sivivty so attractive, ,ind life .1 fair dixi- 
sion betxveen l.ibor and pleasures. There ,ire Ixxo exi client 
clubs, thi' I'nion ,iiul the X'Ictoria, ami while furnished in 
true I'.n^lish substantial comfort, they occupy hands(<me 
buildin^fs, the tornier located toxxani the resilience, .tnd the 
latter in the business part of the cilx ; ihesc two clubs 
be,i( the stamp of true hospitality in their everx detail ami 
the luemKrs bear out the cliar.icter y.^\ the .ippearance by 
their treatment ol tlu citx's f,'uests. 

I he N'ictorians are K'^eal U>vers of manly spiirls, in- 
cUulin^ football, cricket, tennis, xachtin^, lacrt>sse, rt>win^, 
hunting, 'cyclinjf and horse racing. 

The benevolent ort;ani^ations include the \' ■ M. l". A. 
■ iiul the \V. C".T. I'., in both of which much interest is taken. 

The .Mast<nic, t.>dvl l-'elloxvs and other secret societies 
are xvell repres<M<ted, and much more care is taken in the 
slaiulini; Ki( candid.'ites than is often the caso in Ihc |-.ast. 

SI KNI-HX . 

Vo tlescribe \'icli>ria, and do ti'll justice to lur mani- 
fold charms, xxiuiUI rcipiire the peiiv il of both povt .out 
artist. I'riMii the heights upon whith nianx ol lui vve.illhy 
citi/ens have built their hi>mes, the scene presfiiteil is truly 






^ 
K 



5? 



7: 







y 



l/CTORfA /l.l.rsTR \ TF.D, 



it i;r:iiul i>iK'. Till' wi'll I'rilcn'il, pii-liirosqiic i'il\ in llu- llio ariliili'iliirc »>t llu-ir huniox. In parks ;nul ilrivi-s, 

liiri-(;rtiunU ; hcvoiiil, tlic >hitntncrin^ harbt>r and Straits, tiHi, llic Nanu- lt<\c ol hvauly is apparent. llt-auMi llill 

n-lUvlin^' tho iloop blue of the oky ; ucrosii this ^ranil I'ark han few rivaU on thv continor.t. It i'ompriM.*>> twoor 

biuh i>l' waliT, llu- Straits I'f Jtian Av l-'iiin, may be sccii three liuiulred aiTes, well wootleil in part, anil interseeled 

the ^'littcrin^, snuvv-iappeil iinexen iitie of |vaks of the with larriane ilrives lineJ by roj al oak trees, «ner whose 

i>lynipii- ran^e, exlciulin^ o\vr the westerly part ot the hcHiisi-entiiries have passed. Two or three miniature lakes, 

State i>r Washington ; to their east, (>n the other side of bordered by );reen lawns and pebbly bvaehes, are the homo 

ru(,'el Sinniil, tlie lorest-vO\ered loot hills, ,iiid then the (i| a ihoiie i-ollei'tion i<f v«ater fowl, while in the detr park 

mountains ihemseKes iif the lasiade ran^e. Ii'werin),; into ami bear pit are to be liunid specimens 41I many ol the 

si(;ht, and presided oxer by the j;reat siuiw sentinels, .inini.ils and birils native to the Prov inee. Constant addi* 

.Mount Maker, 



and the Sister-. 
,1 n d M o u n t 
K a i n e r , t h e 
pride of NN'asli- 
injfton. I'"urther 
to the north, 
loi'm up the 
while s a w - 
to»'theil peaks 
of t h e fj real 
ran^fes of Mrit- 
ish l"olumbia, 
the l-'raser and 
the Selkirks, 
while between 
I hern anil the 
post of \ ision, 
extend t h e 
.Straits of (ieor- 
>;ia, dialed with 
innunierable is- 
lands. 

Siuh eontinu- 
ousseenii' splen' 
dor ean be\ iew- 
ed at ni> iMher 
place in the 
Pacific North- 
west; every var- 
iety of scenery 
is familiar to 
\'iclori.in . -the 
calm and pleas- 
ing; pastoral to 
the stern, im- 
posing and ma- 
jestic. 




IITV II.VI.l.. 



tions are hein|{ 
made, and the 
"/«Hi" now C»>M- 
tains a hundred 
or more valuable 
.ittractions. The 
sides I'f Heacon 
llill proper af- 
lorda recreation 
>;rouiid ft'r the 
city, unsurpass- 
ed for cricket, 
baseball, la- 
t rosse and kin- 
ilied sports, 
vv hicharein pnv- 
^jress almost 
cverv dav . nine 
months \\\ the 
year. The hill 
slopes to the 
beach, the slu re 
line beiii^; brrk- 
en by a series of 
ch.'irmint; little 
b.iy s. Kv ery 
Sunday after- 
'i>Hm music i<t 
hirnisheil in the 
park, and ihoiis- 
.inds meet under 
I he shade of the 
Ireesto promen- 
ade and eiii><y 
the bvaulles nf 
the cilv's iiiaf^- 
niticenl breath- 
'"K sp«>t. The 



fAKKs .\M» iiKiVKs. (torjfe, formed bv llie outjjoinjj and incoming; tides, nn 

One of the first and most natural exclamations o| \"ictoria .\riii, which runs inland from the sea fir four 

visitors, is, "Why, how many h.iiuKome homes there are or live miles, is .imnher allracluc p.irk, well liked bv 

here!" .\nd so there are. Probably no avenue in I'anada Victorians. There it is that the rejfatta- lake place each 

possesses mi>re ct>stly and ma^jnihcent. yet home-like 24111 of .Vlav , for N'ictoria is an eminently loyal city . and 

mansions than does Belcher street; and besides Helcher its celebrations of the Queen's Hirthday are famous far and 

street, there are iIk liorjje road, I'pper h'orl street, Kscjui- wide. Meauliful drives extend Irom the city in all direc- 

malt road, and half a dozen others of similar attractiveness. dions to (iold'>lream, to various points on the sea coast, 

Hach residence i^. set like a jewel in its own well appointed and to l'Xi|uimall, three miles awav, and also connected by 

and Well cared for (,'rounils, and the taste of the owners is electric railway. Here is the most perfect liarbcr on the 

apparent in the beauty of their .surroundinj^s, as well .'is in coast, in vvlrch the stern warships of Mritain are constantly 



? 



^ 



td 



vtrroKiA nti'sThwrhn 



i 

III 



Itt ho It'iiiul. IKtc tt<t>, iiri- Ihf iia\iil >artl unil ilr) ilink, 
Ihc laitcr hiiill of htiKc hlockH of i-iil Hione, nnd ciipahlc df 
.u'lrmiiuidaliii^ lite lar^t-ol <<liipH of \%ar aiul nu-riliaiilttu'ii 
(III llu- si'as. l>ak lla> is aiiiMluT pi'piilar siMsidc siihiirh 
CKiiiuvti-il hy ihc bus) civil rii' ruatl. 'I'hi* i» iapiUI> ho- 
I'liiniii^ iIk' MininuT hi<ino i<l wi-allli\ citi/i'ili, its kharniin^ 
siirriiiiiiilin^s, .illiailix i- Ivaili, and rakililios li>r f\or) I'lirm 
III' ok-asiili' i-itjuMiK-nl, aiul hiin^iii^ it iiito iniislanlK 
Kruwiiu; la^ur. 

UATKR WOHK*. 
The I'ily pnHM-sM-s ^in i-xlonsivi- systomiif xvalor works, 
Mhiv'li is >i|vralckl hy llu' inriMiralicn, aiul wliiili, uilli llu- 
U'l'll equipped and ui-ll diM-ipliiu-d lire dciiiirliiK'iil, rcdtucs 



I'tinli'iiiplalfd till ihv I'limpli'lioii nl iho scwcis, ,iiul miiIi 
ihio diMH', liltlf will K* ri*i|iiiri'd In inakv llu- piiblii uorkfi 
i>f llu- lily pcrfcci. 

K' ttHU IK wiu *\s. 

Ill this parlii'ular \'ii-ltirin in ^rvally ('avnri-d, ami llio 
finiiidi-rs iif llu- sysli-in havi- shuiMi a tiiiu.rkahli- i-iu-r^i, 
wliitli wiMiltl li.iii- - la^'^iTMl iiU'ii i>l li'ss ti>Maiil\. Id 
IIkii. I>. W. Iliuniiis. llu- priipoiiiuliT .is Mi-jj as tlu' pro- 
Hvnf pri'siili-iit, .III iiiiiiu-iiM' aiiUMiiil nl iri-tlil is diu-. As 
I'd. ly a* llu- i-Mid i»l" l-\-brnary, iH«|(>, llu- (irsi car wan run 
i>M llu- line, which ihcii ct-nsisU-d i>l Tuc miles nl Irack, 
liuir cars, a i liwhiirsc p«iwcr cii);iiu', .iiul an Hi>-luirsc 
power rhompson K Houston jfi-iu-ratur. Since llu-ii there 




THE LAW lOlKTS. 



the fire risk to almost nothing. The water supply is draw n 
from a successiiin ot sprin(;-ted lakes, and passing over 
the filter beds, is distributed by steel mains, its purity K-iii>; 
assured. Improx emeiits tii the sy.tem are constantly beiiij; 
made and its efficiency mai>ilained. The receipts from the 
water wurks form one of the principal items in the civic 
revenue. Sewerajje works of j; real magnitude, which will 
cost between $i,ixx>,(i(ii> and Si.jcxi.ckxi, and which will 
ensure the perfect drainage of thecitv, are now in projjress, 
the contr.ictors beiii),' bound to complete their work within 
a year. The sewering; is to be upon the separate system, 
recommended by llu- eminent enj;ineer, Kudolf llerinj;. of 
New York, the sewa^^e t»f the city bein^; carrieil far out to 
sea by the tide. The pavin^,' of the principal streets is 



have been added a is<>-l'*"'"«e pi>wer en>,'iiie, twn H«>-horso 
power jjeiieralors, and the cars now number ii, some of 
which are open cars; the Irack is now ii'.. miles in 
len^^th, to which two more miles are now K-inj; added, 
and will be supplemented by ei^ht more nent spring;, t' 
tracks now bein^; i>n llu- way from London. There ., >". 
ihen lie twenty cars in operation. This ri^ad, to the i reiiil 
of the proprietors, was the third in operation wckI oI Hii 
Mississippi, and the second in Canada; and the ifiMt 
remarkable part of the mailer is that the roa-l has Ke'i so 
conser\atively manaf;eil that the total cost will not exceed 
$jNo,cKKi. The present lines in opi-ration extend lo 
l'!si|iiimalt, O.ik Hay, the Driving; Park, l^uler Wharf and 
the I'ountain ; .iiul will soon be exteiideil lo He. icon Hill 



< 







i«HIK 



I 



tj 



; 7( TORIA I I.I. I 'STJi. I TUD. 



I'ark aiul SpiiDi; Kiil(,'i.', a \or\ populous pari nf tlio outer 
fit\. I'lic i.i>iiipaii\ 'iiniiNlK's inanv clcclrii; lii^lits. 
ami is at proonl supplyiii};: -..S"<> mcaiKlooont lij^lils ; 
llu'so will MHMi bo ifK'rcaM'il to 7,<kx> iiK'aiuioi'CiU aiul a 
\:\r\ic luiinbor of arc li^^hls, hy tlu- aJilitiiMi %.'<( a 55"-'""'^>.' 
power oiif^iiK'.w liiili i> ii.nv iii route Irom tialt. Tlu' lonipaiiy 
is now putliiij,' up a larj^o aililitioii to lliv prcM-nt power- 
liouso. In aiMilion to Mr. ITm^jins, llio prosiilotil, T. 
j. JofU's ait> as X ii.\'-|.vsiilv.'nt, aiul Major C'. T. HupoMl as 
sccrolary anil troasiirer. 

SIKAMIIOATS. 

Hy steamboats iif iseeplional ele^jance anj speeil, the 
eit\ has ilailx lonneetioii with llv.' I'anaJran l';:eitii' l\ailwa\ 



either by a railway ferry, to transfer ears aeross the Straits, 
whieh narrow to nine miles in width at one point, i>r by a 
briil(,'e over Seymour Narrows, or, in other words, by 
rail and ferry • to the south j-nd all rail to the north, 
to eonneet with the transeontinental lines. Mean- 
while the maf,'nitiient steamer ser\ iee in lonnei lion with 
the Canadian I'aeilie, Ni'rihern I'aeilie and Tnioii I'aiilie 
Railways practically makes X'ictoria the terminus of these 
lines, ami places her upon the some loolinj^ and \xith the 
same transcontinental lreii,'lil and passenj^er rales as are 
enjoyed hy the cities havinjj rails laid to their doors. The 
I'lsijuimalt ^: \.'inainu< Railway will be ciMitinueil within 
I he next few \ears to C'omox ami the Northern enil of the 







.l"* r 



\IIW ON l.O\ IK.NMI.M slKl-.Kr, I.OOKlNl. NOKIH. 



\Vkoto h|f .W< .l/i>n<i I 



at \'.incouver ; l!ie \i-rlliern Pacific al T.iconia, ami llie 
I'niiin I'acifu a; Portland; while a re^ii'ar ser\ ice 's also 
niainlained will) San l-'r.mcisco and a'l other coast points 
to the south ; .\lasUa ami llic n rllK-rn wa\ ports; I'liina 
and Japan; the Sound cities ; the West C'v>asl ; and the 
islands of the Ciulf ol (iecr{,'ia. 

U.MI KOADs. 

Only K\\\^- railway al present eiit-.Ts the city, the 
Hsquinialt and S'anainio roail, connecting X'icti'ria with 
Nanaimo and \\ellin>,'Ion, the chief centres oi the coal 
muiinj.' district. .\ number ol pnijecls are, howexer. 
receisinj; atle:ilion, havin;,' tor their object connection with 
the transcontinental s\sienis to the north ami souih. 



Island, and will open up ;i lar(.;e area of aj^ricultural, 
timber ami mineral lands. 

1I.1.MATI:. 

The climate compares xery laxcrably xxilh that o\ 
I'alifornia. It is temperate at .ill se.isons, ilu- summ r 
heat beinj; softened by the bree/es from mounlain or sva. 
It is nexer oppressixe, and the lu'tlesl daxs ol the xear are 
iiuariably follox^ed by ci>ol and deli|,'l;tful evenin(;s. 'Ihe 
Winter's rains, for snow is almost unknoun, xxhen properix 
provided l*ir, are neither unheallhx nor unpleasant; ami 
the loii^;ex it\ >.A \ictorians testifies to the health-preserx m^ 
tjiialities ol the climate. To those xxho di' 'i«)l umlerstand 
the c.iuse of the milil winters in this section, it mav be 



i 






I 



— V 



«4 



/ ■/( n Mv. / //./. / '.s 7A'. I Ti:i}. 



I 



IV- > 



■ I 



said that Ilio japan t'lirroiil ha** a similar clToi-1 Iuto to 
that ol iIk- liulf Stream upon ICni^laml ; llio ixiiuls Jiirin); 
tlio winter arc warm and heavily laden with moisture, 
whicli, on the v'ther side iif the Straits, are met hv the cold 
peaks <.ii the Olympic range ; the nuMstiire condensed is 
distrilnited in rather heavy rainfalls over the Pujjet Sound 
country; but there heiii),' no such mountains to the west of 
N'ictona, the rainfall is much less than at Seattle or 
Taco na. The liilUn\ini; metei'roloijical statistics of 
\'ictoria (for the past ten years) were lurnished Xc the 
iSritish I'olumbia Hoard of Trade by Mr. I-Almund Haynes 
Reed, wlui ciimpiled them mainly from the rcci^rds of Mr. 
\V. T. I.ixock, i>f the Hudson's Uay fompany. They 
include as follows : 

1. Summary of Weather. i8<io. 

2. Mean .Monthly and .\nnual Temperature, i.Sf<i- 

2,. Maximum MiMilhl) am! Annual rcmperature, 
l8«i-i.S,Ki. 

4. .Minimum Miinlhl\ and Annual Temperature, iSSi- 
i8.,o. 

5. Monthly ami Annu.il l\.in).;e oi Temper.iture, 
i8«i-iK.(0. 

0. Monthly and Annu.il Kainfall. 1 S.S 1 - 1 ,*<< n 1. 
7. Monthly and A1n1u.1l N'unihcr of Kainy l).i\s, 
l<SKi-iSt>o. 



TABLE III. 

MSXIMl M MOMIII.V \M) ANMM. r C MI'KKA I fNl:, \ U fOKI \. II, C. 
Ten Vcani - iWi i,* i%9a. 





iMi 


•Ih 


•at) 


>H4 


•■s 




.M7 




■Ml 


i*>. 


"J 





V 


9 


tf 


"0 





.. 


» 





,. 


„ 


. 


l.-iniiAO . 
rVhriuir* . 


4H... 


4»o 


5 1.0 


.*... 


.M-» 


51." 


•';•" 


.M" 


JJ.O 


47" 


S'-4 


a." 


»^u 


VV" 


St." 


.<«•" 


,«*•" 


4lt.o 


JJ.O 


.«•" 


«»" 


.W.N 


March 


««.,• 


,M" 


biM 


.<H." 


l^..i 


(«•.,> 


.»»••• 


,»... 


iM.ii 


.M" 


(■..9 


\pril 

M..V 


7..... 


71." 


Mko 


7J... 


J<k€l 


t>.f." 


«•" 


l,,..i 


frft.t. 


j<... 


'■7 4 


«.... 


•Aa 


77.0 


7.^■" 


7 V" 


74... 


Hi>" 


77" 


7.>" 


71." 


7* ' 


Jiin*' 

Julv 


7«'- 


Bw» 


7I..I 


7 J... 


ix: 


77" 


Hh... 


vc 


li'." 


74... 


s::.^. 


76.0 


H .0 


76., 


7<-' 


X," 


77." 


H,.., 


7K." 


\"lfi« 


71... 


»,.. 


7*.n 


Hh... 


TO... 


7,(... 


k... 


Ni." 


77" 


7V' 


•.*\ 


St-pU-mtiiT 


fat... 


7,... 


7H... 


h,.., 


71... 


f^i.n 


7H.,, 


7'»." 


7.V" 


7J.1 


71'> 


lV-|..Ur . 


(»a.fi 


6<.<> 


ft)... 


hj.o 


67... 


<>«■" 


I>4.> 


in^" 


(.7.,. 


W 


f*|.o 


\,.\,mhi'r 


.*ko 


»»" 


,«... 


^.>. 


.«■" 


.17" 


(U.,1 


M" 


,,»." 


.«•' 


.1^4 


i)(>«-m)ti-r 


i*" 


.«•" 


jH... 


.M-'> 


17... 


.«■" 


51... 


J*" 


Ai'** 


.«■' 


.«J 


\'i.-.iil> Muaitk . . . 


<H.Jl 


66.6 


6J.J 


61.1 


*7-5 


fib.q 


«k.l 


67- 


67.4 


6>J 


66,<i 



TABLE IV. 

MIMMIM MvlNTMI.V AM> \NNt VI I l-.MI'l-.K ATfKI- . VIC lOKI \, B. C. 
Till Vi'.m iNN Hi>.. 



iWi iHHi |HH( tWi4 iWs iWli 1KH7 iMW iWfct iS^> 



|.inii.ir> 

M.ir.h . . 

Xnril 

Mm» 

Uric 

J""> 

S»-pt>-titU-r 

l>t>.mU-r .. 
^\\trU M*4ins 



H.O 


to.« 


'.«•<> 


14.0 


•a.o 


r 


Vx" 


H... 


J4.i> 


tf.O 


1T.4 


<".•■ 


iiV" 


IJ." 


lo.n 


#7." 


Ikl. 


...... 


J5..1 


IJ..1 


'7-« 


•7." 


JJ.u 


.»■•" 


*fct. 


p." 


jft... 


J4... 


JOL«. 


.!•.•■. 


«►.. 


^.... 


11." 


Il.o 


►.." 


«••• 


.».■" 


(J." 


«»" 


.1'.. 


li... 


J4.1. 


»-«• 


|i." 


li." 


.fk" 


Hk.. 


♦v.. 


.Ih." 


.».-" 


«... 


17'. 


lH.. 


i!*" 


4"" 


41." 


4...0 


17" 


41." 


4<.... 


.!•>■" 


4.k" 


17" 


I".." 


!".•» 


4.kt. 


!»." 


4..... 


41-" 


4.I-" 


41" 


.lit... 


.17" 


4..... 


41." 


4"-4 


.17" 


.ns 


4...1. 


4,l-" 


44." 


,»■" 


iH... 


41" 


41J. 


47- ■> 


4i.q 


Jh... 


11.0 


.«■" 


.1.1-" 


4J.O 


.W" 


I..... 


VI.. 


.11... 


4..... 


14.6 


J«.a 


4J... 


.I'-" 


|n.<. 


\V" 


.It." 


(I... 


11." 


II.... 


ivi 


.l'-4 


jILu 


14 jj 


ja,. 


•i" 


.M" 


Aa 


4J.I. 


•.V". 


.•■"' 


i>" 


»7* 


«4.u 


J4.0 


JJ.O 


M-" 


4IU> 


*»■" 


Au 


AIM 


JiO 


4.1-S 



•9.1 ^7.6 *^j «<».i VV7 .^'l *"•" >** .W 7 .('7 J'*^ 



I 



TABLE I. 

\M:\rm;k si \im\k\ \ok \Kp,. 

n.iriHni.-UT jS ftvl aK'Vf va k**vl . n<\ ii-Jih'<-\t l«< {j . 'l'litTm>Hm-1fr 4 fiv! .iU« 
and Kail) liati|;t- t ttkH aKt\c KriHinJ. 



It 






Mmn Tcm|i. {4 4 it 9 4' J *6 .1 M-5 S«» 3 3*4 5*" M7 47* 4S 4 4.17 

Ma\.Trmp. 47 ti 440 J4 " ?•» '» 7' » 74 " 7*** 7.1 ' T* ' .V* <• M * .«• ' 

Mfii. Ti-'tip. 14 41 i,r.u j<i.ij J4 <> ;M o 

Mr.iit i> \ Ki;t.-. i(> i i<), I , iu (t iM K ii< .f 

Kaintall. iiKhi-s ).S4 ' 3J ■ .V> ■> H(t 

l>.i\s kain 1-VII i;^ q 

Sn twfall.ifit'tiH. o 44 . 

l>.i>^StiitH F»-tt 7 i 



I". 


• ' 


■ > 


47 •< 


4.. 


., 


V. 


S 


II 


«i 


1' 


iK . 


V 


.| 


•7 ' 


•7 


N 


I.r 


b 




1 


I 


4 1 


. .. 


•M 


<i If 


.. 


11 


7 


SJ 


1 


74 


1 1 






4 


N 




jj 




iM 




'\ 




TABLE V. 

MOM III V >M. M \KI> KANliKOH TKMI'KK \ I I KK. \ U U>KI \ M I. 
I .-11 \ .'..r* iWi l,» il*p.. 



J.l,i.i.ir^ 

M..nh 
\pri1 . 
M.I. 

i.llH- 
<ll> 
.\tiKll«l 
S..|.trilihrr 
iVl.rfrr 

N....-|»ll»T 

I ».-\ ...hUt 



N..irl, M.Mn. 
I' \lTi-fn.- knnfr.' 



•Wi iMij I 1MH3 ' iMtf 1MI5 iMM. iN 



J4«> 
41 n 

*►" 
iS" 
t> .. 

,». .' 
|b... 



4u<. 
11" 



.|h" 
4.1 u 

W .' 
f" 
41 .. 

ll" 



4". 
|H" 
17" 
W" 



45" 
40 5 



II-" 



.1' . 



*.>» 74.0 (.J o 7N,u 



11.U 

w<- 

4..... 
I»" 
ll" 
4..." 
W" 



.|h.' 
an. 
.«•' 
I". 
iH. 
17' 
4«' 
4<" 
4.5. 
W" 
»►" 
»•■ 



4« 1. 41.. 

47 1 
15" 
>. .. 
». .. 
J"" 

44.. 
4II.. 



»:: 



II " 

41... 

|H... 
41 .. 
.!«•■ 
I".. 
U..> 



iWil itfcipi 



jM... 15 ■> 

1» .. ,17." 

14 u i5 .. 

14... 4«." 

4'.' II" 

41" 1»" 

!«.. IT... 

,«■.. *.. 

W .» J' 1 

11 " '4 • 

iM .) ji a 

'4 » ' I 1 



.M" 

«•.« 
,..6 
4.. ft 
17 5 

n.i 
lift 

JNN 

J. .ft 



U<» i5«. J"' 17" 14 7 »••• 15 4 
bt.u 7.KU H$.4 77.0 ftl o ftbo 419 7 



Ml \\. HON I III N 



I 



TABLE II. 
\MI \N.M\I. n.Mfl 
l.n V.'iin. iMKi 1.. i 



KAI I NI. \ ll I OKI \. II I 



K| .KK| in)>< iWI, 1NH7 iWH 



lanuArr . . . , 35.0 

rVI>ruar> . 4i..t> 

.M^rx-h . 45... 

Aonl 48.0 

•••r .*••<■ 

lime 5ft.u 

J»l> 57" 

.XiJK.l^l 56.0 

S.'pl.'inh.T . 5j[.. 

l\l.*.r 4* J 

Nn.fmUT .ji._l 

I )tx-«nnhw . ........ ^5 

Vearly Maina 47.4 



f^" 


.1ft-" 


VI... 


174 


M* 


41 " 


li.a 


1ft... 


.Ml 


I"- 4 


44-' 


4.7 


'►S 


41. ft 


4'" 


44 .• 


41.7 


V..1 


,.» 


4« ' 


41 7 


15... 


'.•.-l 


50." 


47-4 


4lt... 


v.. 


4I' 1 


h\" 


SI 7 


SI-.' 


51<> 


i'* 


51 .l 


.54- 1 


.St.. 


W. 


;«•'. 


M < 
fti..n 


.57" 
ft". 5 


55 ' 

57.7 


r. 


57" 


1I...I 


.5H.» 


VH, 


57 ' 


<...., 


if; 


.*>" 


5J 5 


.55-7 


\il 


.54-' 


57- 1 


4«." 


47-" 


.*■ 1 


47" 


5'i 


41. < 


44 .1 


45-.1 


4h.. 


4.1- ' 


^.M 


4'.7 


4«.o 


41.0 


.11" 


4a.ll 


41.4 


4'" 


4'.« 



HI.* 
41... 

4H.J 

v.- 5 

1...7 

5lt.h 
J4" 
51.K 
45." 
,17- 1 



U.4 


.^1 


ll<l 


174 


4' 1 
4ft 1 


44<l 
47ft 


5.1 5 
5ft 1 
.5«.4 
.5K... 


5' .» 

.5ft7 
.5H.7 
5«4 


J.I-7 
47.h 


54 5 
4»l.7 


4.5.4 
4.1-7 


417 
4.Kft 



TABLE VI. 

MOS'MIV \M> ANM Al. K MNKAI.I. VK TOKI \ II I, 

1.) I.hl..%. T. n \ .-.IIH iNH. I,, ilkpi. 



litnuitrv I fl4 

V.4W.I..1 \ . H K4 

Mar.l. 1 57 

Ajwl . #7.. 

M... I I 4» 

Jiinr 1 1.J7 

J.il> «..»■ 

.A.iKtivt .t ,1.2« 

S«-plfinhrT ..,, :on# 

i\-t..h.-r 4.11 

N.t\rn.hrr $ J5 

I Kf.'.nh.-r 6.i_; 



< J* 
1-55 
4 "' 
1 «4 
.. 51 
"4J 
1 »4 
...W 
"« 
4-.»' 
.V.M 
J-.17 



im, 


,H»4 


••♦5 


ilM. 


%f^ 


5 '5 


♦ M 


i"> 


1 aft 


J . 1 


l»4 


«-'7 


1.0. 


".!» 


...11 


••H 


a ..a 


l.rfl 


'•■51 


■*T 


"71 


"71 


i.*. 


.' 45 



"5.1 

.i.ift 

' .. .■> 

ft.i>i 

4-M 



"J* 

4m 

i.tal 
• 0.5 



4'»> 
J7i 
.1.47 

•■47 



"Hi. 
"71 
■ ."1 

4. I" 

1 m 
7.1ft 



i.*' 

i..7ft ( 
1 u 

..48 
017 



••75 
Jl»> 






5...a 
• 77 
I 51 . 

' * I 
.. iq ' 

' '1 i 

" 14 I 

...41 ; 

1.15 
!'«> 

1 -r. 



4M 4» 1 ; 4f.«" .•>■ 



47ft 411.4 



iJt.w»7.»« 17.*5 i| 4'1 if.u a6i4>jiojaj.77 il jk ti, ^ i« 4 



i.»4 

I w 

;?; 
1 "i 

"77 
1 .M 

;,« 

i.jft 

i.iN 



1 *• 



;u 



4.7« 

I4K 

» "T 
' 411 

„»7 

'a 
"» 
• Ji 
1.^ 
.l.4> 
4-'U 



^^r- 



,-^ 






■ p 
z 



•^ 

? 



ft ^ 
Si 

si 




ft Ml 



|6 



; vr /•( )h'i. I II. I. ( s TK. \ Thin. 



TABLE VII. 
K MM- M.I.. \ U lOKI \. 11. I'. 

Klhi I'VII I'lll V..ir-. .HNi l,> iMiM. 



Niinilvi .•! D.lt^ Kiui I'.ll i 

iKKi iNKj iHX.i i,SS< il«<,« iMW. 1KX7 



iHntMrv i« 

'obnMry 18 

Varrh 17 

April 14 

Miir II 

.Innr 8 

jiiK «. 

Ximii-i . « 

S<.pti-iiih».r h 

iVl.-lHr 1 1 

N'iMriiitxT III 

iK-^CItllXT 2\ 



lb 
<% I 



HI 
4 

J 
• 1 




H 
< \ 

!<■ 

JO 


(1 


u> 


t> 


t) 


8 


ll 


K 


^ 


S 


H 


1 


.1 


•t 


iK 


fi 


•4 


') 


M 



iHW I ifHi^ i8t|i» 



u 


U 


i.t 


' 1 


1 


7 


n 


lit 


1 


(4 


Ht 


1 1 





H 


It 


ii> 


4 


(1 


6 


H 




5 


f.t 


7 


S 





4 


4 


A 


(1 


4 


4 


7 


M 


8 


'» 


1 


1(1 


4« 


1 t 


(I 
* 


7 i 


a.? 


1 1 



III) 11.4 ItJ 



The wcalllcroii tlii.' Maiiilaiul dI' Itrilish l'i>liiiiibia is 
.subject to jjrcator extremes nf heal aiiil culil ; the i-.tirilall 
extends lhri>ii^'h the \ear, while il iea.es in the slimmer 
at \'ieti>ria, ami on llie .Maiiilaiiil is nnieh lieaviei thnnigh 
the winter than at \ ieloria. 

I i>MMi:i<t r\i IV. 

.\s N'ieloria's attractions are nm alone lliosi' ol ilini.ile 
aiul pleasure, il max he in order to iun\ speak ol llie eity 
as a eoinmereial eenler, and in eonjunetion wilh the imports 
Ki ami exp.irls Iri'in this city, wc ^ixe those alsi' of .New 
Westminster, N',inaim,> aiul \'.iiicou\er, ujileh are ollieial 
statistics ol' the Custom lliuise and Hoard ol' Trade. 



i 



Imports into tho Province of British Columbia for the Fiscal 'Vear endinK Juno ,30th, 1891. 

KslRKFI' I'lK IliHlt. (ii.NsI MMION. 



T"i| \l Imihikts. 
j 



Miii.ir ^ S 1: , 



ii«.s.Ki,.i '■''"''• '-^af Ihilialile! Kree Ix.if Duly ,.,. Itmiiiu- 5?1 ! 

"""»'*'«! Uw^Is. T-.l-aico. tHH»k GoikK TiiIwo-.,. Kccciv.-il. *-'""^*"'- p'S I 

■■""T .IK i $$.$$$$ $ $ $ $ $ 

\'ci"'ia I 2901679 6ioiii5 22970 j;iij.'i5 ii-'nj.t^ j^s? ((.'Sor.S 114 f\y;>} ^l-'n "1 JJ^" 4t •>'*7<'7-' '7 

Nfvi \Vi-!.iiiiin>lLT i j2tjS9o^ 1677c* ji7"4-( ii'77o>S 975(1X5(1 ijj 50S 11 421) 7X 'J.SOJ9 .(S 

^■•'">»'""' a2S429: 59475 228429: 59475 5S74; 10 151 l^o -tS !i47 4& 6295631 

WiiHoiivrr ■>S.t4l9 2u39i8 95}4>9' 203918 | 261064 82 68K110 209020 .. 3tl9SS U'2 

Total ! 44044171 1051496 2»97o i 4a6l207j 1051496 23487 134605942 107472 ,»i6oa Sli 7088 7J 1481222 95 



Exports from the Province of British Columbia for tho Fiscal Year ondinB 30th Juno, IbOl, 



The Mine. 



The 



$ $ 

I 'on (,f Victoria 4r6j6l 1S72586 

I'ort (if New Wosiiiiinsle ■ 459 ?7'>6(9 

Turl of Nnnninio 2501589 245 

I'orl of V.incouvcr | 21920 22216 

Total 2930229 2274686 



.\nim.il 



< iiimU 



■""^^ ,„l,l,.i, AKriiiiliutl Manufac Mi«-i:ll ,."","'"" , ,. , 

aivl Ihiir " I'r'Khicf iif liii.il. 



I'ori-si. 


I'l mluce. 


I'loiluci.s. 


lure*. 


aneous. 


llrili«h 
Cohimhia. 




$ 


$ 


$ 


$ 


$ 


. ! 


$ 




277908 


-'I5 


12522 


14494 


'">53'>7 


277".<73 


10155 


'5 


3413 


50S5 


M'J 


24 '4 


401520 


3^95 








1 93" 




25U*59 


381746 


16723 


1308 


ISI82J 


3670 




569406 


394!)')'> 


.'i),t^i4<. 


5016 


1304)0 


•JK434 


11)7721 


6257 15.S 



The comp.-irative increase in Ivxporls is rather inleresi- at i>r ileparted from this I'orl dnrinj; the fiscal year eiiilinj/ 
ing, as lollows: June .v>lh, iS<)i ; 



1880- Total K»|Kjrls uf liritisli (' luinliia. . . 
1885- " •• •• " .... 

1S91- " •• " ••.,.. 



Ml lOKI \ s sIllll'INl, 



$2,584.0)! VKSSLI.S VKNIMll 

3. •72.391 N.. '"<"'^" ^.^,, 

6,257,158 SirvMKKs: \'^U. l',..„i.iK<. v." 

Sirtw 1067 494361 10773 

I'aiMli- 212 145372 4099 

.Sii in Whri I 70 4/101 1380 



Slatenieiil ol \'essi.ls, Itrilish anil l'"orei(.;n, einploved 
in the coasliii^; trade ot the Dominion ol t.'an.ida. arrixed '|.,t.ii Sunim rs 134,^ ()H<,}(j4 i(,252 



\ I SSI is i>i;iv\K IKl) 
iiKi nsH. 

N.i Crvw 

\ ,**M'U. '^l)nlll4K,^ Nil. 

1059 49:1245 lojjj 
213 2>50iM 4106 

'"J 45837 1360 



1.(41 6.SII73 I580J 



.r. 



It- 



? 




I.S 



VKSSKI.S AKKIVKO. 
IIKiriSM. 

.SAII.IM; \ Ks-Els; Vi-.^U. r,.im.iK.-. N.i 



r/croA'/.i //./.cs/a:! /■/■:/). 



VKSSKI.S IIKI'ARTKIV 
IIKITISII. 



N... 
Wiim'K Tt'iiiKiK*'- 



Ships 

Sch(K>ncr». 

S|.K.|., 

l<ari|ues . . . 



"5 
"7 



Tot. Sail'g VevwU. n 
('■raiiil T>il;il Ij8j 



97') 
4>*l ! 



.!5 
l6<ljo 



2 
Id 

it 
I 



1424 
loj6 

915 



i'rvw 

N.I. 

.i" 
IS5 
123 

18 



J6 J67J 3SJ 
1377 684845 16155 



UKi M-l 111 M lii\. 

Ntmitvr. 

AiriM.l, lirilish. ijS) 

|)>.|iarlol, British 1377 



tK|Hl47 I')?.!" 

ikS4S45 K.I 55 



(rran)l t0l.1t, nrriMvl .in<l tU'p.irlol 



J760 



• 3764'M 3»<>8S 



.\tiiuial Ui'tiirii, slK-wiiif; llii- vk s, riptii'ii, mimhcr ami 
tonnajje of vessels built and ri'^fistcrvil .11 tins Port iliiiiii^; 
the fiscal year ending .V''' Inni'. I'^^i' : 



CLASS 0|- \ KSSKI . 
Stewikks : 



Stern Wheel. 



Tulal Steamers 7 

Sailim: VissEt.s : 
Sch<M>ners 4 

Total Sailing Vessels 

('■rami T.ital .. 



Statement of \'e>sels, Hrilisit, C'.iiiadian and Foreif^n, 
entered outwards (for sea) at this l\irt during the vear 
endiii).; .^i>th June, iS«)i : 





iiiii.r. 


KKI.ISTKKKIV 


N... 


T.tnniiiCf. 


N,.. 


T.'nuatff. 


(1 


.'4'> 45 


4 


6J6.70 


' 


li'Mir) 
.»7'-.41 


4 




7 


626. 70 


4 


IS. ,0 


') 


vc* 5'' 


4 


180.69 


9 


599- S** 


11 


!;57 1^ 


"i 


1 3!(>. 2<> 



WITH 1. \Kl.Oi:s 



Cot NTKIK.S ro WHUtl 

CLIC.\IIKI>. No. .<f 

British : v,.s^.u 

Unitei! Kinijiluni 3 

I'niteil Stall's 9 

Tiital 12 

CanaiiMN : 
United Stales 5 

KoREliiN : 

I'niteil Kingdom 1 

I'ni'cd States 379 

Total 3S.1 



^1 *\ im «i> Kki-u.iii. 



T,.... 


!..,>s 


1 ..lis 


Cr.» 


K.i,.sl.r. 


W'fiKhl 


.Mi-as m 1 


N... 


2|.)5 


31x0 


12 


S'l 


73 '7 


ISX4 


93'> 


256 


'»,il2 


4SX4 


948 


3"6 


"-•5 


114 




57 


1475 


»"44 




20 


359937 


7551 
9695 


$70 

57" 


I9.H4 


.J'>"4I2 


10364 





IN liM.I \sr 


ItKt lisfi : 




I'nittril Male* 


. . . 6 c6"ji 


China 


1 lAlii 


To Sfa Fisheries 


• 4 273 



Toial I r 

Ca.nadias : 

I'nitctl Slale«i 40 

To Sea Fiiherles 53 

Total 93 

KoRP.li;.N : 

United .Siatej 514 

Sandwich tslaniU 1 

japan 1 

To Sea Kisherie* ... | 



«344 

6j<(8 
3'l»l 

IC479 

4-!3775 
5H0 

50 
46 



Total 



517 4'14S> 



i6<i 

Ku 

11 

341 

421 

S.S4 

1305 

26181 
12 
<» 
17 

20219 



C*>i sirKihs ro Hiiii II 
Clmahioi. 



HFI At I I I I \l lilN. 
\M I II I \Hl,0. 



S... ..I 
\'fmM-U. 

Ilrilish 12 

Uanattinn 5 

Foreign 380 



Total . 



Ilrilish .. 
Canadian. 
Foreign . . 



Total 

1 .1.111 1 Total 



.V»7 

1 1 

"3 

517 

621 

lulK 



T..... 

K.'KiMiT. 
9512 
625 
361412 

371549 
IN IIAI l.ASI 

\i44 

l"»79 

4-'445' 



^1 \s in \ »»^ 
1...,. 
W.ii;lil 

4X1*4 
• 14 

•/<•)$ 



KKfit.iir. 

r»»n» 

M.'.isinl. 



94S 

570 
1518 



443^74 

.S14S23 



I4'"'3 



ISlK 



Cn'W 
S... 

57 
i93'>4 

19727 



341 

U"5 

26219 

27805 
47592 



Statement of \'e>sels. It' .tisli, Canadian and l'"orei^n, 
entered inwards (from sea) at thi> Port iluriiij; the year 
ending ^otli June. |S<|| : 



\M I II I VH(.l>KS 
Wiir^iK .\HHI\KI*. ^I *S 



IlKlllsll ; 



N... .* 



I'Mriiiiir. 

T..IIS Crrw 



IS MM t \sr. 



Nit of T.»o» Crew 



«'ls. Kf-Kisli-r I'r.'iKlK M.M Mil. N... \'.-s*«-t«. Ke|;i»li*r. N.. 



I'niteil Kini;'iii. 9 
I'nitctl Maus.. 2 
lliina 3 



Tot. I 



14 



<'aNA|i|AN : 

I'niteil Stati-> 2 

Cochin Chiiu.. I 

Froiv.S. Fisher's 39 



7;2.» 
2204 
4<>9'"' 

MS'ii 



loS 

2720 
3S6<. 



r5-i 2224 

337 'J 

X31 174 

SfHfl 24I1. 



S5 

I22i. 

"3" 



131 



17' 

52 

"57 



-•4 
24 

SSii 



IT") 



35 5"3<' 



T..1.1I 42 

[•i.Kt;i.;\ : 

United Kii.gi... t 5.V. 9JO 

United Stales 0X5 5044SS 2010 1 

Cl.i.ia 2 73>4 42 

Chili I g')5 85 

FroniS lisher's 6 335 2i> 



1405 131 (K)J 35 



35.** 



35S 



34972 22K 2l73fi7 li*7S 

23.) I 61 

'5 

6$ 



Total 695 573722 27207 35296 229217428 10HX4 

tirand Tot..!. 751 V'-'''' 373"2 2^1 {'.270 205 1242O3 11202 
l,ti \fini \nii\. 



Willi I NKlil'KS. 
Jtrilisl. ... 14 14V1I >i'.<i 1 

Caiia.l.an ... 41 3.S<yi 14.. 5 
Korean 695 5737»» »7»07 



IN hm.i.vsi. 
.'410 3^*' I I7'>'» 2.. 
1)1 ox. 35 51.36 358 
35296 329 217428 I08H4 



Total 751 592179 )73o2 2541 36276 265 224263 11262 

Gtanil Total. 1016 816442 37302 2541 47558 

SlalemenI exhihilinn the number of vessels, with their 
tonnage and erews, whieh arrived .it and ileparled from 
this Port (seaward) during' the (iseal year endiii),' lolh 
June, iS<)i, distini;uishiti^,' the eounlries li> whieh Ihev 
belong-, not ineUuliiig vessels Iradiii); between PorK with- 
in the |)oniinion. 

AHKIVKII. DRPARTFI). 

I'siirH wi.Ai Fi \u. N... T.m*. I'rr* .N.i. N.,. Tihik. Cr/w No. 

Hritish 92 2S292 I )S.S 121 2Sc;6o 2009 

I'niteil State* 920 7S<m75 40m 894 78(959 45532 

tierinan 2 |.io i.S 1 jo 9 

liaiiish I s.Si. 14 I 580 12 

Chilian I iKij IS 1 1274 |o 



- -^Z. 



* «' 



/ 



^^m 



r V' 



. '-% 




(11 I'AK TKlilS M 111 HON nil.l. I'\KK 



la SIIOKK LINE OF UK.WON 1)11.1, l'.\KK. 



Il 



ao 



f H TONIA II. 1. 1 'S Th\ I TFP 



RKlAI'irrl AIION. 

AKKIVKII. DKI'AKrKD. 

r^lint H'M\I Kl At<. N.». Tun*. i'r»» N»», No. T»m» I'n-w Ni». 

lliilioh Stiaiiii'ik 41 I5SSI 6;; (j i9S7i 11144 

llriti>li Sailini; Vv>m-I«. 51 9741 7UI 6b 9jKN iftt^ 

Tiri.il llriii-h 9J lMi)i Its'* '•" iK<i«K) ii««) 

KiMcii;!! .Sit-.iinfi». . .. 931) 7M<m|i>5 4ix«)4 KS5 7Sj4(>J 454'''' 
Kuccicn Sailini; VosrU n 4^15 176 li I401 91 

Total forcii-n 9*4 79II5" 46180 897 78586J 45^**.} 

Tulallliili>h\ Kiirrlcn. lolb Si(i44] 475J>S lui8 9(14823 475<|2 

TEl.Kk'.K.M'IIK' SKKVk'K. 

At proM-nt the I'lmadian I'iu-ific is the otjly service 
with the MainliinJ, but it is expcited that next year the 
Western I'nioii will undi'iibteilly run their wires intu 
N'icloria. 

lU II.DINt;. 

In tliis respect, N'ictoria is increasing; with ^jreat 
rapidity. Last year, the expeiulilure on new buililinj^s 
aK>ne, was a n\illit<n and a halt til dollars ; and tills seasoii 
the '.ilue i>t the building's erected vull be far in excess 



increiisin); htune demand, she stands in a cenlr.il pi<sition 
to reach the world's markets as clieaply as an\ city ol the 
Northwest. The pulicy ol the I'ity Council has been, and 
is, to encourage in every way pi'ssible with liberal aid the 
upbuilding.; of the manufacturin); industries which are 
always the mainstay (if a city's population, and iKiue this 
industrv i> jjrowiti),' Viarl) in extent and importance. .\l 
the head of the list stand the .\lbion lri>n Works, which 
are capable of casting; a stove or building' a steamship, 
and possessiii); facilities superior to even the I'nion Wi'rks 
San Krancisco. i''ollowinj; these are the \'icti>ria Roller 
Klour and Kice Mills, Ifrackman Jt Ker's larj;e mills, just 
built, British I'olumbia \" Victoria Si<ap NN'orks, Star, 
I'nion. t'l_\de. T'oot X McDou^al, Robinson, Jones, and 
Mclnti'sh shipbuilding; yards, several lar^;e furniture 
manufactories; six breweries, tvvi) soda water manu- 
factories, coffee and spice mills, a piano factory, carriage, 
b>>ot and shoe ;iiul powder manufactories, brush works, 
st.iu building works, s,i\^ .mj pl.inin^ mills, ami s.ish and 
door factories In ^reat numbers, N'.mciiuver Iron Works, 



X !• 




UIK M W VI^TOHI.^ PfRI.IC MARKET. 



|./mw- 7Vi|(/h/. .tfrhltni.] 



ol last yeiir. Some of the public, as also, the priv ate build- 
in>;s of X'ictoria, are imp.'sin^ and worthy o\ the city. 
.AmiMij; th.'se may be menlioiud the Provincial (iovern- 
ment Olhces, I'arli.iment MuildM)j;s .md Public .Museum, 
the I'rovincial Jail and Reformatory, the Law C'luirls, 
City Hall, Jubilee Hospital, St. Joseph's Hospital, St. 
.Anne's C'onvent, and many othe.s. The number iif 
churches has within the last year or so been increased by 
the erection of several, whose superiors in tasteful archi- 
tecture cannot be found on the Coast. Prominent amon^ 
these are St. .Xndrew's R. C". Cathedral, the Pandora Street 
Methi>dist and St. .Andrew's I'resbyterlan Church. The 
city schools, too, are substantial and well arranged build- 
ing; ;, in which every detail of a liberal educatit>n is care- 
fully looked after. 

.MAMKACTI KI.VC. 

.Many conditions have combined to make X'ictoria the 
manufacturinj; center of Hrlllsh Columbia. In addition to 
her enormous financial prestige, her admirable silualion 
,ind shippinj; facilities, 4>utside oi her laryc and constantly 



harness and trunk facti>ry C(<mblned w Ith a laimerv , marble 
and (;ranite wi>rks, shirt ar.d clothiiif; manufacti>ries, 
pottery and terra cotta works, brick vards, l.it^c bakeries, 
a lai^;e litho^raphlri); housi-, prinlint; eslablishments, in 
addition to box, tin can, wlie works atid match manu- 
factories anil a host of others loo numerous to mention. 
Many of these Industries will receive full description later 
in these paj;es so that it is now only necessary to touch 
upon them. This list will serve to illustrate that the 
m.'inufacturiti^ importance of N'ictori.i is );realer ti>-dav th.m 
that i>f any city of the Northwest ; and these industrle- have 
sprung into existence from a purely commercial stand- 
point because they would pay and thrive from the then 
existing demand. .\nd, notw ithstandlii); the lav ish outlavs 
in this direction, the (ield Is constantly Increasinj; ; the mar- 
kets of South America, .Australia, Japan, China. India and 
Siberian Russia are open to the manufactured products of 
N'icloria, which is nearer ti> them all (except tt> those of 
South .Xmerica ) than any cily 011 the Pacific Co.isi ; .md In 
return thiscitv can receive and does receive and manufacture 



C X 

m ' 



S I" 



^-IW^ 



« !• 



* T 



s 

I 




i2 



i/croh'fA tf.t.rsrnA run. 



ihoir raw priuliuMs for di>tributioii in an uppi'siii' Jiroi'tion. 
I( is horc also i)t' intorcst to iioto thai importers from the 
Orii'iil, iMi :K\'oiiiit of the cxistin(^ itMuhtions as ahoxo, 
timl \'ii'ti>ria the most feasible lieadi{iiarters at vvhiili to 
I'onlraet for importations to Kritish I'oliimhiii aiul to the 
I'liiteJ States, the latter trade for them beinj; even the 
lar^'er oi the two. 

OTIIKK KKHOl'RCBS. 
Foreiffn trade and manufacturing, however, can be no 
index t'f the larj;e amount ot business Iransaeted belvseen 
\'ii.tiiria's wlu>lesalers and the interiv>r towns t.^i the Islanil 
and Mainland, all \.>i whieh draw their supplies from the 
I'apital. The mining districts must import '.heir pro\ isioiis 
and niachiner) ; the salmon canneries of the |-"raser and 
the Northern Kixers must be kept in tin and iHher materials 
of the >iulustr\ ; the sealing tieet musj be lilleil out 
annuall) and ves- 
sels built here, and 
to meet these de- 
mands requires a 
liberal use of capi- 
l,il, which is return- 
ed, w illi inlere-"!, in 
the pri>ducls iif the 
mines and the can- 
neries, ,ind the 
c.itch of the sealing 
schooners bri'u^flit 
home in the Fall. 
V'ictoriaislhehead- 
i|uarters y-\i the --al- 
nion induslr\ , and 
from liere the out- 
put oi the I'rov ince 
is shipped annually 
to the markets oi 
the old wiirld, a 
fleet of sailing ves- 
sels bein(.f utilized 
in this trade alone. 
\'ictoria merchants 
are larj^ely interest- 
ed in the development i>f the j^old and siher mines of the 
interior, the coal and quicksilver claims on the Island and 
the important timber resources in all sections of the I'ro- 
\ince, ci>iilij.ruous to water. The iiperations in each direc- 
tion indicated naturally tend toadsaiice Victoria. The tifl> 
schooners comprisin^j the scaling fleet bcin^f owned, and 
annu.illy fitted out here, also play an important part in the 
business of the city. F"atminj; in the district surrounilin^f 
X'ictoria is advancing steadily, and in all branches of af;ri- 
culturc, including hop raising, fruit (.jrowinjr, sheep culture 
and dairying, a lar^fc and unsatisfied market invitts the 
attention of practical men. The demand is still far in 
excess of the supply. Deep sea fisheries may also be 
counted amonj;^ the industries which offer rich inducements 
to capital and labor here. These matters are more par- 
ticularly referred to in the cliaptcr followin^^ relating to 
the country tributary to V'ictori.i. 



fOsI OFFICR. 



.\ pretiv clear index of a city's i;row-ih in commercial 
importance may ^fenerallj be ^jathered fr»>m its post t'lFice 
returns ; we j;ive therefore the nrt>ss vearly income of the 
N'icloria post oflice from iHN) to iM<)i> : 



)V(ir. .tmritit 

I.SXci $ X,.|(il J{ 

iHNi o,$jX |,> 

iSHl lo,<|u5 44 

i.SJf.l .. I \.lSi> "J 

IS-S4 X<i,7<in II 

tSSi, ,. 2",71J <«<> 



}'fitr AflOhltt 

|KM> "..LSI s'> 



1NH7 
INKS. 
iIWq. 
iNqo 



J5,.tl'> .»»> 
JK.|>4'» 50 




(K.MK.VI. .\M> llll.M SI IIOOl.S. 



LAW tOIKTS. 

The Law (.'oiirts are also situated :il N'icti'ri.i, and are 
coiiduili'il in a similar m. inner to '.hoseol l-lnj;land. Thej 
lonsisi ^^>{ I'olice, I'lMints .ind .Nssi/e fourts, held als«i at 

staled intervals in 
other cities; Super- 
ior i'oiirls ,'ind a 
l"i'urt of .\ppeal in 
I'hancery. Sir Mat- 
thew Maillie Ke);- 
bie, who is I'hief 
Justice, is assisted 
by three Superior 
I luirt Juiljjes. 

1ITV i.ovkknmi-:nt. 

The .M.iyor of 
N'ictoriais Mr. Jchn 
(irant, .M I'. I'., 
while Welliiifjt.'ii 
I' |)owler is I'Icrk 
i>f the .Municipal 
(.'ouncil. The cil\ 
i-^at present divided 
into three wards, 
each beinj; repre- 
sented b) three 
.Mdermen Thecity 
will next year be 
divided into five 
w arils, ti> be represented by ten aldermen. N'ates Street 
Ward is represented by Messrs. C. V.. Renouf, K. ti. Rich- 
ards, jr.. and W. I>. McKillican; Johnson Street Ward is 
represented h\ .Messrs. Johua Holland, John t"ou(j^hlan and 
John Kobertsiin ; and Jamc It.i) Ward is represented by 
.Messrs. Josiph lliinter, II. \. .Munn and .\. li. Sntith. 
In .iddilio!!, other ollices o| the C'ity (ioveinmvnt are 
represented as folKiws; I'has. Kent. Treasurer; (i I.. 
.Milne, M. I)., Ile.iltli Otiicer : Peter Suminerfield, Water 
t'onuiiissioner ; W. W. Nortlicott, Superintendeni of Pub- 
lic W'«>rks and t'ity .\ssessor; P. J. I.eech, City Knj;inecr; 
J. P. I.vnn. Street t'ommissioner ; !•!. Mohun. I', b!.. 
Sanitary lvn>;ineer; H. Hailey, Sanitary llflicer ; and others. 
The rjitc of taxation is very lijfht, beinjj about one per 
cent on ihe assessed valuation. The city's indebtedness is 
\ery small, the assets in water\vi>rks, municipal buiKlinj;s 
and real estate alone beinj,' more than dtiuble the amount. 



K»flii« 



1 




>4 



yi( Ti>Ki. I //./. I 'sn\ / TFP 



Ttio I'li'i-trii- liKliiinj; i<f llu- lily \s iilso in the liiiiuU nt lliv 
i-i'rpiiralion, lIu' lipids usoil boinjj llic ari- iinil iiuMruK-s- 
I'otil. The t'lri- ili-parlnK-nl i<l' N'ii'loriii is a wry I'lVn.ionl 
»iu', tho t.'lal ln.s hy lire lasl year bcinn ahmil $iii,<Kai ; 
in coiisoi|iK'iiii' iiisuraiK-o i-ompanios arc well rcproscMloil 
aiul (Ik- proiniimis mi iiiMirani'i" aro nnwhiTi- li^jlilcr on iIk' 
l'l<a^t. I lie lily's pi'lifi- is iimipiisi-il nl I l puliii'im-ii, (>iio 
scrjjtfant and I'hiof Monry Shcppard, aiul noiwillistanilirij; 
till' siiialliu'ss nf iho fiTio it may hi- saiil tliat it is nicro 
than aiiiplo li< perriiriii IIk' ilulii's rt.'i|iiiri.'il. I hi- poriotil- 
ai;o I'f eritno is remarkably li'w as iiimpari'il with many 
of iHir Kastcrii eitics. 

I'MUVIXt l\l. tidVKHNMKNT. 

I'iuUt the I'aiiailian system the lOiinlry is pcissesseil 
iif the I'entral ( l^nniininn) (ii<\ernment, «ilh headijiiarters 
at Ottawa, and ad- 
minis! rations es- 
tablished at the 
capitals of each of 
lhepro\ inies. hlaeh 
i>l these is respon- 
sible Ihroiijjh a 
rej^nlar Parlia- 
mentary system to 
the people ihrmi^jh 
their duly seleel- 
ed representatives. 
'I'hel'iirliameiit.ind 
lit>\ ernnient hiiild- 
iii^s ot Urilish Id- 
hinibia are pieliir- 
esquely situated in 
<i beautiliil I'ark at 
1 a nies Hay , \' ii - 
toria. Fhe head of 
the administration 
is L'.eut.-liovernor 
the lion. Ilu^h 
Nelson, whose ad- 
visers consist i.-'l 
Hon. John Robson, 
Premier. I'rox ineial 
Secretary, and 

.Minister of Mines and ICducation ; lion. J. Herbert 
Turner, I'rox inclal Treasurer and Minister of .X^friculture ; 
Hon. Theodore l>a\ ie, Altorney-Cieiieral ; lion. Forbes 
(i. V'ernon, I'hief Commissioner of Lands and \\'i>rks ; 
and Hon. I'. I!. I'oolcy, President of the I'ouni il. The 
House of .\ssenibl\ consists of ?? members, whose delib- 
eratiiins are presided over by their Speaker, Hon. I). \\. 
Hi^'j.;ins. The sessions of the Provincial Parliament are 
held once a year, ;iiid durin^f their continuance the debates 
are many i>f them characterized by consiilerahle animaiion 
and ability, the /*crvw;m7 of the House rellectinj^ credit on 
the constituencies which it represents. The Premier is 
the leader of the House, the movements of the Opposition 
bein); under the direclii>n ,>f Hon. Robert He.niii. Party 
lines can h.irdU be saiil to be drawn slraij^htly Liberal or 
Cimservative measures and men having; alike mind to do 




l-VNDOKV WhMF MKIHOOIsl i Ml ki II 



ill determining t'.ie ilislinclions. The sessitin ordinarily 
lasts from ten li< twelve wifks and as a rule is held e.irly 
in the year. 

t^^KDKH.M r\HI l.»MK\T. 

Ill the Parliament silliii); at l>tta\\,'i Vicloriji is 
representeil b\ Mr. Thomas |;.irle and I'ol. V.. ti. Prior, 
both i>f whom are larj;e wholes, ile merchants aiul niaiiu- 
faeturers of Ihc yiieen I'ity. They are both I ciiserv ali\ es 
in politics. 

IIHITISII toll VIIIIV llOVWn ot- IKMII. 

This institution was incorporateil l>ctober jKlh, 1H7K, 
not for the purposes of trade, but solely llmse of encoura^'e- 
menl to the industries of X'icloria and the Province and 
for the iliscusNiiiii of ,ill matters perlaininj; to their welfare. 
The Hoard of Trade has shown ^reat activity in the past 

two years ; there 
are ,'ilready over 
l_V' members en- 
riilled and this 
number is fast in- 
frea-.intj. Ilsmein- 
bei ship is coni- 
posiil of leadiii); 
merihanis, manu- 
facturers, bankers, 
pri>fessiiinal men 
and capitalists, and 
is becoming; more 
pow erfiil every 
year. It is almost 
unnecessary to say 
that such a collec- 
tit>n of pri'ininent 
men into a body 
cm att.iin ).;reat 
results, and if not 
a b 1 e to impress 
up. 11 oppressiv e 
r.r I road, steamship 
and other corpora- 
tions a necessilv of 
the observance cf 
pr. per trade inter- 
ests are able lii demon, trate, by ;i diversii<n of trade, the 
fact that such wr, nj,'s cannot lon^; exist. There are, of 
Ciiurse, other matters upon which the Hoard ot Trade is 
ever active, vi/. , the de\ elopement i>f fresh fields of 
enterprise, outlets for produclii'ns and the inlluencin); i^i 
capital in various ilireclioiis. 'The Hoanl publishes a 
yearly report embodying many interesting; statistical 
tt^ures of the Province, some of which are embodied in 
this book. 'The olVuers for iSiji-^ are 'Tlu>nias H. Hall, 
President ; A. I'. I'limurfelt, \iie-Presidenl, and V . \-.\- 
worthy. Secretary. 'There is also a council o\ twelve .iiul 
an arbitration boanl of the same number. 

SI IIOOI s. 

The eilucational dcpartnieiil of Hrilish I olunibia, as a 
whole, is under the supervision ol Hon. lolin RobsiMi, 



..*>,> 



<-. IK 

11 




"1 



a6 



; ■[( -TORI. I //./. I 'STK. I TED. 



Minister of Kilucatioii ; S. Iv. I'opc, Ksq., I..I,.n., Supor- 
iiitonJont of ICcIucatiiMi, mikI O. Wilson, Ksq., U. A., 
Inspoctor of SlIu'oIs. It is, lunvc\er, necessary to 
stale that in the rura' districts coinnion schools are 
established and maintained hy the Prinincial (iovernment 
and are free to all except the costs of books of learninjjf. 
The schools .irj all in the hands oi trained, competent and 
certified teachers, the value oi their incuniheiicies bein^ 
settled according' to merit. In the larj4;er cities of the 
Province the res^nlations are somewhat dilTerenl ret;'ardin^ 
tuition ; these cities are oblij^^ed ti' furnish all necessary 
cost of school huildiiifj, expenses and cost of maintenance, 
and shall pay own half the teachers' salaries, the Ciovern- 
ment bearinj^ the other half. This policy is a new one and 



the hijjhest ^^railuates t.^{ ICiij^lish and Canadian colleges. 
The manaj^^emeiit of the city schools is \ested in seven 
trustees, three o{ whom are appointed by the (ioxernment 
aiul four by the City Council. Salaries of the teachers are 
fixed by the (iovernment. Summiii};; up, it may be briefly 
said that the object is to ^\\>i the children a thorouj^^h, 
pure and secular educaliiMi, and the Lord's Prayer may be 
used in openinf4 ;ind closiiif^;, while no distinction of creeds 
shall be tolerated. 

.\Mii;l..\ lOI.I.IH'.K. 

It is doubtful if there is anywhere o\\ the continent a 
\'oun}j l,;idies' Collej^e which embodies a more thorough 
education with moral, refined atmcisphere and surroundin^js 
than thai which bears the name as above, and its success 




rill-; sri;AMi:« " isi.anim;k " oi- nil- can.M'iw i'Aiihi navu.aiion i o. 



1^ 



hi^'hly laudable from the fact that the rural ilisiricts, 
which are increasinif rapidl\ , are less able to bear such 
expense than are the population of the various cities, 
Victoria proper is splendidly pro\ ided with schools of the 
dilTerent f^rades. Ihe Ceiitr.il and llij^h schools, three in 
number, are located i)n a fine campus tif ten acres of 
beautiful ^jrounds; the buildings are separate, and are fur- 
nished with every device for ventilation, li^ht and health, 
'i'hey comprise a llif^h schoiil for the advanced classes ol 
boys and j^irls and two j^raded schools of eifjhl divisions 
each, one for boys and the other for K'irls. There is also a 
(^raded school in \'ictoria West and four W.ird schools 
distributed around the city. The number of scholars at 
present is nearly 2,5(x) ami the teachers include si>me of 



is due III the efforts t>f it% founder ai.il pri>prietress. Miss 
C. v.. Dupont. 'I"he collejre is cirtuall\ under the auspices 
vif the Cluirch of lui^land, wlose cler^n visit the cii|lej;e 
three times,! week to ^;i^e i islruclii'ii on church history 
and church doctrine ; but it is not a church sclu'ol in the 
ordinary sensi' the departments of instruction ,ind 
manaf^enient are exclusively vested in .Miss Dupont. 
The colle^je is situated in the finest part of the city and is a 
beautilul siruclure, surro.iiuled by lovely >;ardens and 
(.(rounds. There are about fifty pupils ran^in^r iipw;ird f riMii 
Ihe age w'i six \ears, some iif whiim make their home at the 
ci'Het^e, others atlendin^' duriii),' the d.i\. There are lour 
terms yearly and the course of instruction is divided into 
two (.;rades of elementary, two i>f junior, two of inter- 



^ 



:in cii|lo(,'es. 
L'll in M-\cn 
inncrnment 
lt.'ailK'r> are 
V ho hrii'lly 
llii>rnuf,'-|i, 
iviT may be 
"1 I'C creeds 



'iitiiient a 

lliormij^h 

I i'njrRli:)>,'s 

it-' success 



'■■t.-^^'^' 



*^rt^' 



> 




Ml. AKKOWSMIIII. 1 KOM M^l \ss KIM.K. Al.lil KM 
lAlUlOKO IIAV NKAK Vll lOKIA MOl NT UAKEK IN lllli PUSTANCli 






2S 



I •fCTORf. I //.A I \STR.\ TED. 



& 
1 



mtdiatc, and one of senior, while the course of st'iily 
enihiices all that is retiuisite for a thorovijjh I'ln^jlir.h 
etliieati'Mi, including French, lierman, Italian, Music 
(vocal ai.d instrumental) and Prawitij,'. The collef,'e is 
now coniplotinf^ the twelfth year of its existence. 

I'rontinjj on lieacon Hill I'ark with the Straits of Juan 
de Fuca and the snow-clad Olympics on the rijjht, and 
hacked hy the Unely panorama of the harli.ir frinj^ed >• '.h 
the clusterinfj ai.d wooded heij^hts beyond, is " C'lirri};, " 
the oldest private select boardinjj collejje in the I'rm irui-. 
Its past history, datinjj back as it does to the sixties, is 
one oi which \'ictorians are justly proud, but since the 
ad\enl of Principal Church and tlie selection of the present 



75 pupils, haxinj;' cloak room, lavatory and necessary 
olVices attached. Principal I'hurch, to whose courajje, 
enerjjy and educational ability forrijj Colle>;e owes so 
much, belonj^-s to an ancient and honored Kn^rjish family, 
so many membeis of which ha\e since the time of James 
II. horuirably distinguished themselves ;is statesmen, 
soldiers and ecclesiastics. He was educateil f'Ttly at 
Kinjj's t'olK'ne, London, was then a student in Philosophy 
at the I'nivers.ty of lulinburj,', passed with ist class 
in the Theolo^ic.il examination of the I'niversity i>f Cam- 
bridf^e, and became in turn (iabbett Prizeman in Mental 
and Moral Philosophy, Thorpe Scholar and Bachelor and 
Master of .\rts of the I'niversity of Durham, l-'n^land. In 
1SM5 he was appointed lleail .M.ister of the Middlesbrouj,'h 
(irammar School, in which important position he soon 




VIlTOKIA CM n. 



lovely location it seems destined to become tor both Hritish 
Columbians and .\mericans the most popular school north 
ol San Francisco. The new collejje buildin).;s were opened 
by His Honor, the Lieut. -(iovernor of Hritish Columbia, 
attended by the Premier, the Speaker of the Lef^^islalive 
.Assembly ind a most distinj^uished comp.tny, on May 5th 
last. The residential portion of the (.olle^^e (which alone is 
shown in our illustrations) has accommodation for 25 
boarders, and faces on the park for a distance of over (k) 
feet ; the basement of brick is fitted up as a plavroom 
and above this there are a series of 20 rooms, including 
sittinjr and dii injf rooms, studies, bath rooms, bed rooms, 
etc. Behind, with a f'iinta(.;e of over Ko feet on Niaj^ara 
street, comes a dwarf lowi-r connecting; with the class 
rooms. These are built with special re|.,':ird to li),'ht, ven- 
tilation and the students' comfort and will acci'nimodate 



became one of the leading educalio-.,dists of the Ni>rth ot 
I'^n^hind. The cinirse of instructiiMi at l.\irri).j. while 
tliorou)4-h, is naturally founded on the lui^lish l'olle|;e 
motto that "Manners maketh man." The departments 
of l''nt;lish, Miulern Lan^juai^es, Science and .\rt are under 
the contriil of the Principal ; while those oi Malliematics 
and Classics are in charjje of Pri>fessor IL (ioward, N(.,\., 
L. L. H.. (Honoursm.in of the I'niversity of London, Fn^- 
land). The third resident .Master, Cuthbert Cartwrijjht, 
l'!si.|., iif Si. John's Collcf^e, is in charjje o\ the junior 
department, and the athletics and jjantes. Owin({ to its 
hi^h and healthy situation and the mild and gentle winter 
of Victoria, the collej4;e is becoming; a favorite one for lads 
of weak const it ul ion, who need spei iai lare. .As rej^ards 
physical exercise and the opinirtunity for the fi>rmation of 
pure and healthy habits Corri^r certainly stands unri\:Jled, 



• .*• > 




ifcai Vr ii ip ft "j" ''*y 



' >ii»Mlihii 



iW a tit ii UM" ' 



HiLiMjarf>*a»«««MB'*(Ka<ns9'i>n£litHflU^MM 



30 



r/croAv.i [i.i.vsTK. 1 ted. 



.sitii;iti.>il as it is outsiilc the unlu'aithy and (to a youtli) 
morally daiifjcrous almospliorc of a town, fronting; on 
splLMiilid recreation f^roinuls of Jtxi acres, suited for foot- 
hall, lacrosse, cricket and every form of manly and 
ennoblinj^ sport, and with boatinj;^, luintinfj and fisliinj^ 
facilities close at hand. 

PlHl-li' mii.niM-.s. 

Anionji the recently erected public buildinjjs is the 
City Hall, which cost, including site, about $i(ki,o<x/. It 
Ciintains the j^eiieral rnuncipal offices and chamber, police 
b.irracks and public library ; the latter is well worthy o'i 
mention ; besides coiilaininj^ a well selected assortment of 
Slime (),<xx) books, to which additions are constantly beinj;^ 
made, it has a membership of about 2,ixx> ; the readinj^r 
rooms are commodious and well lifjhted, and current 
literature is pnn ided in every shape. \ line public market, 
o\ which a cut will 
be seen in these 
pajjes. is another 
late valuable aikli- 
tion to the city ; the 
buildini; will be used 
as a central market 
for the city and is 
a \ ery ha ndsonie 
structure, beini,'- 
lij^hled b\ a dome in 
the middle anil ha\- 
injj an ir<side pri>ni- 
cnade gallery ex- 
tendirif^ around !he 
inside of the build- 
in jj. 

iiospi rvi.s. 

Benev olence ami 
charity are bi>lh e\- 
emplitied in the hos- 
pitals of N'ictoria, 
of which there are 
three, whose func- 
tions, while practi- 
callv tile same, exteiu: 




I'KorOSlil) l.\N.\l).\ WKSTKKN IIOPKI.. 



each to its own noble tielils. 

I'he Prm inci.il Koyal Jubilee Hospital is the tinesi 
of British Columbia ; it is one t>f the (.(ifts from the citizens 
of N'ictoria in honor ^■\'i Her .Majesty's Jubilee year, and 
d.ates in conception from 18^(7. The hospital was tormalK 
opened on May J2nd, iS<)o, by H. K. II. the Duke of C'on- 
nauifht. The hospital is a ),'r;md structure, havinj^ cost in 
the neighborhood of $55,(xx5, exclusive of th.e extensive 
and well laid out gri'unds adjoining the Cadboro Bay Ro.id. 
There is a large >.••■"' - k->{ surgeons, physicians and iittend- 
ants, and the inter : fittings and furnishings ,ire such as 
to insure the grc-.t^-st possible comfort to patients. The 
hospital is srnsidised by the I'rovincial (iovernment, and 
is in charge of a board of directors elected by subscribers 
and the (io\ ernnient. 

St. Joseph's llospit.il, which ocupies hands ime griv.mds 
opposite St. .Ann's Convent, was built .some (ilteen sears 



ago by the Sisters of St. ,\nii, is a splendid institution, and 
although the order is of the Roman Catholic, the hospital 
makes no distinction of denomination, anil besides accom- 
modates as many poor people as it is capable of supporting. 
The Marme Hospital, which is situated on the extreme 
point of the peninsula opposite the city and adjoining the 
reservation, has been.m existence a gre.at many years, 
having until iHj^ occupied a wooden structure where the 
brick now stanils. This hospital is exclusively for the 
merchant marine, and is owned by the nominion (iovern- 
luenl ; it is supported bv colleclion oi proportionate ton- 
nage on all vessels entering port, .and these vessels have 
the privilege oi ipiarlering tlieir sick at the hospital, free 
of charge. The collections on lomiage was formerly con- 
fmed to deep sea vessels, but the sealing schooners now 
avail themselves \.y{ the beneficetit privileges as well, and 

contribute their 
share toward t he 
support of the insti- 
tution. The accom- 
modatii'ns are very 
ci'mmodious.and at 
all times far in ex- 
cess of the demand. 
Dr. Davie is the 
surgeon, while .Mr. 
(i. W. I'nwin is the 
slew aril in charge. 

The Nav al .Marine 
Hospital, which is 
used exclusively for 
the Koval Navy, is 
situated at K.squi- 
inalt. 

sr. .vnn's convent. 

This convent, 
\vhich is the most 
renowned of any in 
the great North- 
west, was founded 
bv the Sisii-rs ol St. .Ann, a Kom.in C'.itholic t^riler, similar to 
"I.es Dames ilu Sacre I'oeur," and like llie latter, being a 
totally indepeiulent oriler, o'vning their properly, making 
their own rules and havii),' their own l.adv Superior. The 
oriler was first iouiuled in Canada, near .Montreal, but now 
extends to British Columbia and to many parts of the I'nited 
States. 'I'he granil purposes in view ;'re : tst. Teaching ; 
2nd, Taking cliarge of orphans; ^rd, Visiting the sick ; 4th, 
Taking charge of the poor ; anil -^th. Hospital work. In 
their educational department they lake pupils without 
regard to sect. The history of the institution is exceed- 
ingly interesting. The advent of the Sisters in X'ictoria 
was in the year 1S5H, and their first building was a little 
log cabin, which can still be seen on South Park street ; 
they subseiiuently located at various convenient spots of 
the town and finally put up a buikling on \'iew street, and 
rented the adjoining building ; lliesv are now run separately, 
having a kinderg.irlen of about 50 pupil:* anil a day school 



»-.r. 



ll. 
Ill 

ml 
■J- 
ria 
tic 
■t ; 
i.f 
ikI 
ly, 

lol 



•K^WT 




\ II W> UN 1 III 1,1 M ( i| nil IM HIM AIT AMI N \\ \IMi 1 K \11.\\ \\. 



-fTirMVlMiwmSR 



vrcTORr. I n.r.rsTR. \ rrn. 



I 



Si I 



^,«.,' 



of abiMit tlio saiiK' niimlHT. I'lu' C'onxoiil of Si. Ann 
iKv:upio> no.irlv a hliH'k I'l f^riuiiul, iiul lias oxIcii^iM.' 
j,Mril(.'iis ; the stniLtuii.' is a hoaiililul oiif, ami was inm- 
mencod hy the cii'ilioti of nrK^ of tlu- pri'soiil wiiii;-., in 
1871, tlio bixlv anil niain wini; hciiiK i I'lnplctcil ton yoais 
later. .\11 the appurlcnaiKON arc i\->ninuiiliou>., tlii.' ronnis 
iif the boarders, llio school rooms and the nuisic hall beini,' 
especially li^'ht and airy. There is a braneh at I'owiehan, 
where the orphans are sent. 

l'HO\INll.M. Ml sll M. 

N'isitors to X'ietoria are ^^enerally very pleasantly sur- 
prised by one of the prettiest little imiseunis on the .\nieri- 
ean continent ; it is thoroiij,'lil\ nniipie and ilid our visitors 
but '<ninv its history they would be ama/ed rather than 
surprised. The Provincial .Musciini was founded by tlie 
Prov inciaUiov ernnieiit 
four ye.irs as^'o tor the 
purpose of makirif; a 
thorou^'h collection i.^i 
the wild animals, binU 
and insects native li> 
the Prov ince oi Hrillsh 
t'oluinbia, as alsi a 
Ciillectii>n oi mincials, 
shells and other objects 
of interest. Thev weie 
very fortunate in the 
acquisition of Mr. Ji'hn 
Kannin, who had lor 
nearlv thirtv years pio- 
V ill us col lee ted a nil 
made a study of the 
habits of animals ami 
birds. The musi'uin 
was st;irted in a small 
room with the limiteil 
collection then ovvncil 
bv .Mr. l-annin, and 
th. ' rincipai part of the 
has been done in 
isl two years with ' ^''►■^ > v^ni., iini. 

til .■ ;eiitleman in 

charj.je. The museum has coiitiiiuallv c.dled for enlargement 
until, even now, although occupvinj.; line quarters in one of 
the Parliament building's, further extensions will soon he re- 
ipiired. .Mr. I'annin makes ni-yearlv excursions lo the favor- 
ite j,Mme haunts in search I'f new spiciniens, and he and his 
friends have contributed a vast number iif the ariim.ds and 
birils ailornir)j4^ the museum. There are to-ilav mineral ex- 
hibits from every minin^j camp in the Province, some _V"dif- 
ferent species of birds, about 401) shells of various kinds and 
a j^reat collection of insects. The deer, elk, moose, sheep, 
t^oat and bear families are tally represented, and there are 
many other trophies such as the musk ox, the ly-jx, the 
wolf and the cuimin^j wolverine. .Mr. hanniri has person- 
ally done or superintended the taxidermy of every aniin; ' 
and bird and his labors have met with such ^;reat success 
that his name is known amoni^^ naturalists and sporismcn 
idl over North .\merica. 




nil-; i:xiiini I ION. 
The Hrilish Columbia .\),'ricultural .\ssociation was 
or).;ani/ed tifteen years i^o, havinj.; in view the advance- 
ment of the ajjricultural, miniii),'', manufacturing and (ishinn 
interests of the I'rov ince. I'ntil the past two years an 
exhibition has been held allernalelv on the .Maudand and 
the Island, but on aciount o\ the ir.-rease in population 
and the advancement of ihe interests of the Province it 
was found necessary to hold annual exhibitions here. it 
has until this year been held in buildings adjoiniii).; Heacon 
Hill Park, but this year it was decided to erect the present 
handsome structure at Ihe drivinjj park. A by-law was 
put before the lax payi rs ;ind the sum ol S25,<kki ).jranted 
lovv.irds the construction which amounted to $45,ixx>, a 
f,'real part ot the balance bein^ tarnished from the Associ- 
ation's funds and from 
private subscription. 
The buildinj.; is one of 
the handsomest pieces 
ol architecture on the 
Pacific (."oast and was 
commenceil and liiiish- 
eil in sixty-live days. 
The display consists in 
pail of all kinds of 
stock and poultry, 
which are conlineil in 
biiililin^s altacheil to 
the main buililin^, in 
vv li:i li latter are exhi- 
bit eil, on the main 
II. -oi, a)4:ricultural pro- 
ilui I > of ev erv kind ami 
the displays of leading; 
m .ifi u fai I u rers and 
ineuh.mls. .\bove the 
main lloor are two 
bread j4, tileries, running,' 
around the interior ot 
the buildiii).;; on tiie 
first ^jallery are exhi- 
biteil horlicultur.il dis- 
plavs and lailies' laiicy work, while the seiond (,'allery 
is uscil for the art department. Ihe ilur.ilion ot 
the exhibit is one week; prizes are awaitled in every 
branch, music is discourseil by Protessor I'terdiier's 
orchestra, races and sports of all kinds consuiiie the day 
while the displav i>f lireworks in the eveniiijjs is worthy of 
espeii.il note. It may be said, by the wav, that the race 
track is the best half-mile track on the Coast. The exposi- 
tion this year was lar(.jely attemled and a pronounced 
financial success. The olVicers for the past year were : 
I). R. Ker, President ; U'. il. Ladiier, I'irst \ice Prest ; 
S. Sandovtr. Secoiul \'ice President ; (i. .\. Mc T.iv ish, 
'l"reasurer ; C. 1{. Renoiif, Secretary, anil W. II. H.iin- 
bridne, .\ssistanl Sccret.irv. The ollicers tor Ihe ensuinj,' 
year are: W. II. I'.Uis, President; I'!. Iliitclieson, I'irst 
\ice President ; J. I'. Mcllmoyl, Second X'ice Presiilent ; 
\V. II. Hainbrid^'e,, Secretarv , and ti. .\. M''''av ish, Treas. 



iV KKMIK ^ KK>IIiKM K. 



4311 



I c in a 1 II 
iral pro- 
kind aiul 
r loailinj,' 
.Ts and 
llic 



liUC 



arc two 
s.rimninj; 
nlcrior I'l 
; on tli<.- 
aro i.-xlii- 
Itural ti\^- 
id irallcry 



iralion 



ol 



It) every 
'fcrdncr'N 
c the day 
vMirtliy I'l 
tlio raic 
lio I'xposi- 



n-ar wore : 

ice Pres'l ; 

McTavi^h. 

. n. Hain- 

tlu- enMiiiiK 



eM>n, 



l-"ir>t 
.ident ; 
Treas. 






a. * 




34 



itcroK/A ii.i.rsTR.\Ti:n. 



KARl.V IIISIOKV ()!• 
COLl'MIJIA. 



Mkl 



LSI 



aluml tiKiiiily In llic lus> nt prcNlij^'i' of tin.' Spanianls, 
Uritisli supriMHiu-y boinj; foil tlirou^'li tin.' Irii'iully rolaliiiii> 
i-xisliii^; bi'tvwi'ii iIk'iii aiul iIk' Imlians, \\lii> wore voty 
pii\\LTl\il at this tiiiK'. 

It uas onl) twii years altiT tlu' aiUviit ct \'afKi>u\ir 
lliat Sir .Mfxaiiilcr Maikcn/io, tlii'ii a soimn man, ii'lt 



rlll-1 Straits i>t" Juati do Fiu'a wore ifixcn tlioir naino by 
Captain Moars, in l!ic sor\ iic of tJK' I'lnf^lish (im oni- 
moiit, nearly two centuries after their iliseovery in i5<io by 
Juan lie h'uca, who was sent by theN'icernyor Mexien with an Montreal with a eani<e, anil eompasseil llie ilistaiiie to the 
expeilition under the Spanish liovernincnt to Ncareh tor the Paeilie ; this trip, which clearly ileniiiiistrated the non- 
open north-west passaj^e then supposeil to exist, and t'ortily existence i>r a north-west passa^'e In water, as a short 
it aj^ainst the Knglish. Jusl two centuries later (in i7i>>) route to India, caused the abandonment ot explorations in 



f .— -..-^^:: 




WILSON !> SI. HV lil.iK K. 



Spain sent jimther expedition on the s.wne err;ind under this direction with that purpose in \iew ; but in the earlv 



Quadra, while linjjlatid sent an expeditii>n under N'ancomer. 

Hoth fleets sailed up the str.iits in their vain ipiesl for 
the passajje. \';incou\er Island was first called (Juadra 
Island, but then chanj^ed its name on a friendly ct>inpromise 
to that of Quadra-\'ancouver, and subsequently to \'an- 
couxer, who furnished the first maps and surveys ever 
made of the Straits of Juan de Kuc.i, the Str.iits of (ieor^ia 



forties oi the present i.entury, it opened the agitation \.i'i a 
short route to India and the Orient, by land and water both. 

The settlement of this vast territorx was unattended 
by bhiodshed. The dispute of boundary line with the 
I'nited Stales, which at one time bade fair to create trouble 
was settled b\ arbitration, and m 1X4(1 \ancouver Island 
was ci'iistiluted a Crown Colony, wliile the Mainland lol- 



nd l'u(^et Sound. This chan^fe of name was broujfht K)wed in 1H58 ; eight years later the two colonies were 



•■r- 



S I 



m 



3 

r 
!5 







- 



36 



I /c/o/s'/.i II i.rsiNMi.n. 



iiiiiloil iimli.T llio iiiiinf 111 Urilisli I'liliiinM^, aiul viiliTcil work wiis mi siuiosslully lariiiil tin, was aliiitisl vriliri'ly 
intu Coiifi'iloralinn with the l>iimiiii>in in 1S71. Siiu'f lliL'n nwin^^ In Mr. Miinsniuir'N sa^aiil) and pcrsi'MTatuo, he 
llio ilow'InpnK'nt iif llio I'nu iiu'c has been plKMumu-nal ; il>> with sonic ilil)i>.'ull\ having' inliTcslcil sumk- nl tin- wi'allhioHl 
transiontini'iilal lino lias jjixon it a fjroat impotiis, anil llio lapitalisls of I'alil'nrnia, wlui, in atlditiiMi lii llio piaotioally 
pasi low voars liavo wilnossoil roiiiarkahio oliatij^os. In llio iinliinitoci iiu-.ins al llioir liispiisal, woro lar^jo onnsniiiors nl' 
oarlv part of llio prosont ooriliMv, tlio lliulson's Hay I'om- ooal. A niattor wiMlliy ol nolo in this oonnoolioii is that 
pans- ostahlishoil a post horo, arid in i><47 niailo I'virt nol a siiifjlo sliaro tif railway slook was lloatoil, and lasli 
X'iotoria, naniod in honor iil ^Juoon N'ioloria, llio lioail- was paid down on llio nail tho moniont it was roi]iiiroil. 

As will ho apparoni Ui any 0110 who iraxoN o\or tho roail, 
its ooiistriu'lion in\til\od llio ronuual of many on^inooriii); 
dinictiltios. Thoro was a lar|,'o quantity of \ory lioaxy rook 
work ; oxooptionally hijjh hriJ^jos and trosllos had to be 
A bv no moans siiiall indood, a xory important oonstruolod, anil iho amount o'i lillinj; that hail to bo dono 

' ■ :or in Iho prosporily oi \\v C'lly of X'iotoria and ^^i tho was romarkably throat. ItuI, dospito all this, aooordinj; to 
Islarul ol \'anoou\or, is tho l-Ni|iiimalt and Nanaimo Rail- oonipolont jiid^'os, tho l!st|iiiniall and Naiiaimo Railway is 
wav. It oonnoots Iho oommoroial capital of tho IVovinoo 0110 of tho host built roails on tho oontiiioiil. 
with tho immonso ooal rof^ions oi what is known as tho Tho soonory ill aloni; Iho lino is bolil. ^rand and im- 



ipiarlors for its \ast trado. 

rill-: isi.wn kmiwan 



Nanaimo Hasin. l-"or 
many years its construc- 
tion was rocommondod 
and st rcnuously ad\ o- 
catod as advisable in tho 
intorosis of commerce and 
soltloniont ; but it was 
onlv when it became es- 
sential as a niattor of 
public policy, that actu.il 
work upon it was under- 
taken. Its building' was 
a part oi Iho celebrated 
tarnarvon terms oi com- 
pensation for the ilelay in 
completing' the main line 
of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway. I'pon more 
than one occasion it had 
previously been endeav- 
ored to make it a part of 
the trans-continental sys- 
tem ; but the Parli.iment 
at Ottawa were not con- 




CHKIST C'lUKl II l A rlllDK Al.. 



pressivc, broken al times 
by some o\ the most 
cliarmin(.j bits of land- 
scape that could be 
imagined. The otTocts.ire 
p.inoramic so abrupt are 
some of tho transitions, 
while othor views for loii).; 
stretches follow in their 
succession like one har- 
monious whole. The 
buildiii|.; ^■>'i this lino has 
(,'i\on rapid and coiuoni- 
out connection botwoon 
\ iotoria ami a niniibor of 
i m port a n t point s that 
from a business point oi 
\iow were practically in- 
accessible. .\ number of 
n.nirishin^ business and 
at.;ricultural centres have 
boon opened up and jjiven 
an outlol for tho \aluablo 
products with which tliov 



tent to treat it as such. However, under the Settlement abound. Valuable biiildiii^; stone is plontiful all alonjj 
Hill of 18H2, its construction was assured, but it w.is tho roiilo ; soiiio o'i tho timber is reallv ma).;nificent, 
only bej.;un in the Kail of 1W4, the late Hon. Robert ;ind the ijuanlity of this materi;il may bo said to be 
Dunsmuir havinj^, at the su^'i,'estion of the Marquis of almost inexhaustible. Rich siUor-beariii).; quart/ lodj^os 
Lorae, then liov.-deneral, and other prominent persons, have boon prospoctod and will doubtless be developed in 
c.msented to assume the responsibility. I'lider the Settle- the early future. Thai Ihore are valuable farming lands 
iiiont Hill, tho nominion (ioxornmont were plodf,'od lo j;rant lioroahoui> is shown by tho number ol agricultural sottlo- 
8750,1).);) towarils the work of buildiiiy, and tho Provincial monis wliiih are brou^;lit to li),'ht in ahnost o\ery break in 
Government the lands th.it are known as the Railwav the forest. Tliero are oxtoiisi\ o s.iw mills at Shawni^aii, 
Reserve. C'hemainus, C'owichan, Nanaimo and other points, which 
Tudor .Mr. Dunsmuir's contract, the railway was to be ''-i^^' '''^■'^■" tendered possible of successful operation by the 
running,' by June loth. 1H87 ; but with such ener^jy was tho moans of transport win. h tho railway has allordoJ. 
undertaking prosecuted, that on tho loth .\'ijjust, iSfW), tho The railway, morom or, in adilition to boiiij.4 an import- 
last rail was laid, and on the i.^h y'i'i that month the last ant liical enterprise, is regarded bv mam as boiii)^ a load- 
spike was driven b\ the late Ri^jlit Hon. Sir John .\. Mac- in^; link in a throu^;li transcontinenlal system. .Already 
donald, then and for many years Premier of the |)oni..iion. frei>,'hl and passenjfors from the l^ast by the I'. P. R. find 
II is understood that to build and equip th ■ road, whose it praclicihle to cross over from \'ancouver to Nan;iimo bv 
total lonf.;th is 78 miles, cost over $2,c)4o,cxx). I'liat the steamer, llieiice roachinjj X'ictori.i by the I-!. \- N. Railwav. 



«»' 



i:f- 



^ 



I'fcro/f/. I I I.I. t •srk. \ ti:/>. 



37 



liuloi'il, it i> II <t tlii'sc ill (his I'lMiiniunilv whti arc rc^arili'il liaso Mirrouiulcil iIu-misoI\cs with men i>t '^jrcat prailii.al 

a> hciiijf iivor->an>,'uiiic, ihat lonk l'i>rv\arij to a lime wIk-ii ailininislrativj as well as prolcssiDnal ahililv, and min.li as 

llio ruail will ni>t mily hi- I'xti'iulod li> llio n.>rlli iiui nf llio iIk' Islarul Kailway lias aeoimplishccl in llie past, it is 

Islaiiil, liiit will liavf its i'iiiiiu-i.'tiiins with the AiiKTiiaii lU-stincil in the tiiliirc to ilo iiu'rc in the intori'sts of island 

system ol transeontineiital railways at Heeiher lla\ . ami development, and intcr-provinciiit, international trade. 




nil; ii:\v!;i.i. lu.ot k. i'iiumk v.xti.s .wd i)i)r(;i..\s ^rKI■.l^T.N 

by wav i>t lUiio Inlet with a seiond all-t'anadian route. The otViecrs ot the Island railway, ot which some view s 

The I'!. \' \. Kailway is i^enerallv roiOfjiii/ei! as an appear elsewhere, are .\. nimsmiiir. President; Joseph 

exieedint;l> well m,in.ij,'ed insijiulion. .\t its lie;.cl are the Hunter, Cieneral Superintendent ; and H. K. Prior, tieneral 

sons ol the Lite lion. Robt. I>unsnuiir, its liniiuler, who Freij^^ht and Passcnjjer Ajjent. 



i 



-«■ 



38 



/ H TORI. I //,/. / '.S7 A'. ( //•/). 



luiiir IWRV Ki'Sorkci-s. 

AiiKici i.nur, iimii:kii>., mmhi u ami iiii minis 



as ii SIM iif iiuMiiitiiins thai I'inilil only uilli ll'i' iiliimsl 
ilill'u'ull) K' hri>u^lil In KMilrihiiU' lis i|iii<l,i Ixuarils iIk' 
prudiu'tiiin nt' Iho orilinar\ fniils nf \\\\: soil. TIk- worlJ 
kiK'VV link' of ihis I'aiilii- I'oasi loiiritry, i-xii-pl as a laiul 

NOrWrrHSTANDINli IhoffrcalcommercialaiuHinan- rii h in minerals of all iliscriplions, hiii, \\\ ioiisit|iiiiuv ol 
lial prosti^ji', anil llii' supiTb harbor ami Imalion on- that, nllorlx unlit lor Ihi' man ol' pastoral pursuits. With, 
jovL'tl In N'iitoria, iIk' brii-l ri'\ icu already ^ix en ol other liowexer, the ailxent of population, ami the iieeessily 
resources can eonxey but an InUistiiK't idea of the nia^'nitudo wliieh arose for interior eomtnunieation, the surveyors and 



and \arieil resources 
standing'' at her 
back ; these we now 
propose toenterinto 
more fully, and we 
will take them in 
the order nameil 
abm e : 

.M.Kiiii.Tii:!:. 
Probably in no 
country in the wi'rld 
are the climate and 
other natural condi- 
tions more fa\or- 
ablc to the success- 
ful prosecution of 
man's natural ir- 
dustry that of farm- 
in ji than those 
which present them- 
selves in the I'ri- 
\ i n c e of British 
Columbia. It is true 
Ihi.t the settler does 
not find the counlr\ 
all cleared and ready 
to the hand of the 
plouf^hman, as in 
the prairie I'lu- 
vinces ; but he has 
to he w h i s w a y 
throuf^h dense for- 
ests, studded with 
trees of the most 
^^if^antic ma(.jni- 
tude. He has fre- 
quently to pick his 
way over repelling,' 
rocks to the feet of 
towerinjf moun- 
tains, in whose bot- 
tom lands he dis- 
covers the soil and 
the shelter, which. 




rill-: lOi.oMsT 111 11. dim; 



priis pec tors an- 
nounceil that there 
was wi>nderfui agri- 
cultural and horti- 
cultural wealth to 
be ilcwiopeil, the 
soil beiu).; amon^ 
iherichest, and most 
pr.ut ically inex- 
h.uislible that il was 
possible to find. The 
rich loam here, there 
ami e\ cry where is 
deep, and lapable 
of producing; num- 
erous successions <.•<{ 
crops, without in 
any way deteriorat- 
iufi or ^;i\ in^f out. 
Man\ of the lands 
are ilescribeil as 
bein^f well watered 
.ind well sheltered, 
and, at but moder- 
ate expense, can be 
reacheil and turned 
1.1 Ihe best advan- 
la;;e. To-ila) it mav 
.iliiu>st be saiil that 
Uri t ish Columbia 
lias cattle upon a 
lluiusaiul hills, re\ - 
elliin; in j;reen pas- 
tures, and creatiiif^ 
wealth at almost 
every step they take. 
Dn the niainlaml, 
which is an import- 
ant feeder to \'an- 
couver Island, the 
far-famed bunch 
),'rass produces the 
best pasture know n, 
a n il e v e r y t h i n jj 



combined with his own industry .iiid enterprise, never points to stock-raisinj,' as beinj,' speciallv adapted to 
fail to ^'ive him happiness and wealth. If he is only the l.iiid and climate. In some parts the red lop, blue 
contented to labor and to wail, almost all thiiijfs are his. joynl and ol'ur t,^rasses are the varieties most easiK pro- 
Years a);;o it was supposed that the limits suiled to the duced, and their nutritious qualities are ex idenced by the 
prosecution of farming,' were within very narrow compass. conditio.i of the live stock that finds its xvay to the market, 
The country was described, by soine xvho professed to or by Ihe milk and butter that are produced. In the Pro- 
know all about il, but were utterly ij;norant of the subject, vince there cannot be less than H),txx) square miles of the 



t'r 



k 



\ 



- 1" 
> > 







i ' 



i! 



.1: 



I 



40 



J V( -ro/f/.l //./. f 'STR. I TED. 



hi.'si hiiKl ;i\iiil:ihlo, so that tor the production of cereals, purposes, honored with substantial acknowledj;nient at tiie 

roots and meals, almost unequalled natural facilities are Paris I'lxpositioii. However promisinif the prospect, the 

alVorded. fact cannot he disfjuised that only a small proportion of 

The aifrici.llural resinirces of the Island o'i X'ancouver what mij^'ht be fruitful fields, have been placed under culti- 

it is hard to estimate, hut the Saanich, Cowichan, C'omox \ation. The l'"armers' Hele^jates who arrived here some 

and Alberni districts have amply demonstrated their months back in search of know ledf,'e as to this IVoxince as 

abundant fertility, while elsewhere the explorers say that a place of settlement, had but little to sa\ of the Island o'i 







i 



lUlI.niM-. Of TIIK H. C. I.ANP AMI INVKSTMEM l(). (as SHOWN WIIICN lOMI'l I- ri: I)). 

thousands of acres only await the settler's advent lii \ancouver, tor the reason that they could not, or were not 

enormously repay him for the exertions he may put torlh. disposed to ^five to il the .ittentioii that it not only deser\eil. 

There are known to be in the immediate nei>,'hborhood of but absolutely revpiired. Practically speakiii),', the scope 

Victoria, not less than »k),(kx) to Ho.cxk) :icres of line t'arm- of the farmer in Hritish (.'olumbia is •ir.lliuited, anil within 

injj lands, whose products have done honor to themselves titty miles of Victoria the subioincd yields per acre fully 

in the ditTerent fairs of the coimtry. and were indeed, i>n demonstrate the capability of the soil: Whe.it V' I'M" 

the only occasion that t'ley were sent abr.wid for exhibition bushels per acre, potatoes f; om r^o to j<k) bushels, and up 



I -ICTORI. \ ll.l. I 'STRA TED. 



4' 



I, 



-pc 
hin 
illy 
»" 
"P 



k. ~- 



iii Albcriiii as hii;li oven ;is 4s<> liushcls ; oats, iio to 73 have a ready sale. His facilities for clisposint^^ of thorn are 

bushels ; hay up to three tons, and turnips 20 to 30 tons. heing^ much impro\ed by the construction of the Victoria 

\'ef,a'lables of all classes make wonderful returns. On market, and the favorable feelinj^ in the same direction that 

m my persons not accustimied to such thinj^s, doubtless the elsewhere prevails. 

density oi the forest has a discourajjinjj eflPect. The idea The climate here is particularly well adapted to poultry 

of h.ivinj.;' to clear their way throui^h j^'^ii^^antic K'rests raisin}^. .Accordinjf to Professor Saunders, the mildness 

alarms them, ami, almost immediately they begin to coui't of the climate lengthens the period for laying, and the 

the cost, freiiuenlly ciMicluding that the expense of clearing pullets commence to produce eggs at a much earlier period 

would be nil re than they can afford, and, indeed, for which than they do elsewhere, all that is icquired being the 

they will not be likely to obtain anything like adequate obtainment of the best varieties and careful attention to 



remuneratiiMi. 

It is very true mat it would ciist in the 
vicinity of Siixi per acre to clear m.iny farms ; 
that is, pro\ ideil the trees be ruthlessly disposed 
of. Hut the timber ought not to be so lestroy- 
ed, and in many instances it would he a source 
of considerable profit to the land owner to 
clear '.'le less thickly wooded p» tions of his 
holding and wait for the oppi 1 tunity of m.arket- 
ing his logs. On almost all land holdings, 
s.iv I'f iCki acres, there are some 25 to 30 acres 



them. 



% 



Kggs and chickens are always wanted and the 
prices paid are most remunerative, a remark 
which will also apply to fruits and vegetables. 
The quality of these products is unsurpassed 
anywhere. In the past it has been said by many 
people that though they might produce and 
sell these articles at good prices, it did not pay- 
to peddle them. Hut there will be no need for 
this, as far as Victoria is concerned, which, as 
has been mentioned, will shortly be possessed 
of one of the best appointed public markei- on 




rf^"^-- :!**•-■ 



m\:n i\iiii;[im\ in 11 oi\i. iH riii-: 11. i'. .\i;iiuii.TiR.\t. assoiia rioN. 



thai might easily be cleared .it no\ iiu-re th.iii S-\S •'' S,Vi 
per acre. I'Vom this the larmei can raise I'ar more produce 
than he requires, arid can li\e as iiiany pei>ple on this 
island alread\ do jilmost within himself. !l his n'l'aiis be 
limited, he can gradually extend hi^ clearaiue, and all the 
lime his properlv is increasing in \alue. Many ol the 
cattle upon '.f.ls island are of the choicest breeds. In 
cerlain parts iliey can be turneil out all winter, and in the 
opinion o\ so liigh an aulluMily as Professor Saunders, ol 
the Dominion Department of .\griculture, c;in always be 
found in the best oi condition. The prospects for the 
small farmer, within a reasonable di stance ol Victoria, are 
among the most promising. His fruits ami vegetables (a 
great portion I'f the l-n-.d suppl\ lu'w comes from C'alifi>rma 
and Wasliinglon, or is grown b\ I'liinamenl wvmiM always 



the ciiast. This institution will be a boon to fanners an 1 
town residents alike, and will render it unnecessarv for the 
latter to be dependent lor so large a proportion o( their 
supplies upon an element in the community with which thev 
have little sympathy ; while they will obtain them much 
fresher and in a more ri guiai manner. The dairv fa-iier 
who ;'inis to cater fo'.' city custom, has a splendid field in 
the vicinity oi \'ictoria. The Messrs. Tolinie anil others, 
have clearly demonstrated that there is a very great deal in 
it ; nevertheless by far t'-e ":reater part o^i the Provincial 
supply oi butter and cheese comes tVoni Ontario and liie 
Sound country. The grain gtown on the Island of N'an- 
cou\ er and in the I")elta district, I'raser river, is regarded by 
Professor Saunders, oi Ottaw a, as of exceptional quality and 
yield. Wheat, barley and oats, more particularly two-rowed 



42 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 






barley, the best adapted to nialtinj^', are anioii}^ the finest 
obtainable, and will i.lways be in demand, the local con- 
sumption at the present time heinj^ impossible to keep pace 
with by means of the home product. 

Good indeed, hij,'h-class farmin}^ always pays, and it 
has been fully demonstrated on Wincouver Island, where, 
moreover, the sheep and cattle ranchers have at the present 
time the grandest opportunities before them. The number 
of fat cattle and sheep that are annually broujjht into the 
Province from abroad is enormous not, as will have beei. 
seen, because tlioy cannot be protitahly raised .and fed here, 
but because this im|iortant department oi industry a'-.d 
enterprise has not been properly or adeiiuateiy taken in 
hand. Hops are j^rown to a small extent only, but can be 
produced just as advanta};'eously on N'ancouver Island as 
at I'uyaliup or other places in the United .States, while the 



passed anywhere. Professor Saunders, director of prac- 
tical farmin}^ and fruit j^rowinj^ in connection with the 
Department of .Vffriculture at Ottawa, who is possibly the 
best authority on the subject in the Dominion, and, indeed, 
is an enthusiast as rejjards his own specialty, has more 
than once expres.sed his a nazenient at what he has seen 
and at what has been communicated to him ollicially on 
this subject with respect lo British Cohunbia. When 
here, not so ionjj since, he made a special trip throujjh 
the already celebrated fruit districts of the M.iinlani.;, 
which, he said, compared most favorably with, and, 
indeed, exceeded the well-know " peninsid.a " of Ontaiio 
lie also explained what the tiovernment w.is doin^' at ll\. 
.Af^assiz I'"arni in order to acclimatize what are rei;ardcil 
as the best i|uahties of fruits. To the production of these 
the climate, the soil and the shelter oi British (."olumbia 







PKOPO.SED 1I01I;I, AT l>.\ • HAV 



element retpiired to pick the product is plentif'i upon the 
island. 

I Kl IT t.KOW IM.. 

Probably in no country in the world can the misiness 
of fruit j,'ro\\in^r be more profitably prosecutetl than in the 
Province ol Mritish C'uli.nibia. I'he pursuit is .i most 
enjoyable one. It is ni<t accompanied by the heavy 
laborious work that is inseparable from the ordinary .avo- 
cation of f,irmin>,'. .\t the first, the land has to be care- 
fully selected ; for there can be no doubt about it that 
some sections of the country are better adapted to the 
purpose than others. Then the ground has to be dealt 
with in such ,i manner ,is sli.dl best (it it for the object to 
which it is naturally adapted. I'ruit faiminjf has been 
most successfully carrieil on in portions of the Mainland, 
where it has been m.ide i specialty, the products, as 
regards both quality and abundance of )ield, beicg unsur- 



are in eveiv way adapted, l"or ^jrape ),'rowin^, he was 
not disposed to say that this province possessed equal 
advanta>,'es with California, where the ni>rmal heat was 
^^reater ; nevertheless, for the ordinary fruits those >'iat 
arc not tr,pic;il British t'ohiinbia is excvv.;)n',;!v well 
suited. Kurthernu>re, he advised rl: • cuilivatii'r o* iruits 
of the very best qualities, contrasting' l!ie e\p'. l. es v)f 
tl>i)-,e who h.ul pursiieil the opposite polii > of coiiinuin);; 
in the old rut of t,'''"^^i"K ''>e fruits which most readily 
came to their hand, and allowing' ihein to take care i>f 
themselvvs. If such people had not fruit of the very best 
qiialitv, it wastheirown laull ; for unpruiud and n,-),'lecteil 
orchards could not be expected to do the best (hat w;is 
possible for them under more favor.ible ciuiditions. Ue- 
ferrii,,' to the Island of N'ancouver, it may be said that it 
is even ii )re elij;ibly situated than is the .Mainlanil, since 
not only is it protected from easterly winds, but it has the 



' I 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



4.1 



^ 



advanta"o of the uninterrupted Pacific breezes, which pressed the opinion that he can handle at that point for 
carry with them warmth and other {genial influences. On local consumption and export as much iw can be supplied 
some of the benches of the island ni;iny descriptions of to him. Other gentlemen, similarly enj^ajjed, have ex- 
fruit are already most successfully grown, and nowhere in pressed their anxiety to enter into th ; same hne of trade, 
the province can better fruit be found than in the Cedar Then, as concerns local business, the quantity of Cali- 
llill District, in the vicinity of Saanich. in s.tme portions fornia fruits that are annually broMf^ht in is not much less 
of the C'owichaii, Sooke and Comox Districts ; in Alberni, than $ioc,oo<j in value, upon which an all-round duty of 
those who have turned their attention in this direction about 20 per cent, is p.-iid. In consequence of the charjjes 
have had their efforts amply rewarded, thouj<-h their dis- for freight, duty and handling, cherries are frequentlv sold 
tance from market has been considerable of a drawback. at as high as 25 cents per pound at retail, and strawberries 



The displays made at 
the recent N'ictoria 
ICxhibilion were in 
the highest degre 
creditable, while 'hose 
■samples whieh were 
taken from N'anciniver 
Island to the eastern 
exhibitions were 
among the finest of 
the provincial speci- 
mens. Mr. O'Kell, 
who has a Hritisli 
reputatiiiii as .■>. judge 
of fruits, and who 
was .ippiiinted to col- 
lect the island con- 
tribution to the con- 
signment of ixhibits 
for the Ontario and 
(Juebec sliow s, re- 
ports that it v.ovild be 
diiliciilt to excel any- 
>vhere what he saw 
when he made his 
lour through si-me of 
the sections of the 
island. The trees 
were, as it were, 
borne dow n with their 
Weight of fri.it, which, 
had it been judiciiHis- 
1 y thinned, w o u I d 
ha\e ensured still 
larger and better de- 
veloped fruits. With 
a practical eye ti' 




in the vicinity of 50 
cents, while an aver- 
age price of 8 to to 
cents would amply 
compensate the local 
producer. Existing 
prices at present very 
materially restrict the 
consumption, and, in 
consequence, there 
are many people to 
whom what ought to 
be a material element 
of food in its season, 
still continues »o be a 
luxury. Fruit grow- 
ing by farmers would 
be a material addition 
to their resources, 
w hile for the man w ho 
makes fruit growing 
on Vancouver Island 
a specialty, not less 
than from S250 to 
$300 per acre can be 
cleared anrjually from 
an orchard which has 
reached its full bear- 
ing, while even from 
a youf.^; plantation 
returns may be had 
which >. ill more than 
CO vert he cost of work- 
ing, and all the time 
the re. enue will be 



ST. .WIIREW S I'RFSnVTl'KlAN I Ml Kl II. 



uicre...^Mi^j. 

S.M.MON FISHKRV. 

business, he made it a poin : to secure of it as much The salmon fishery of British Columbia is something 
as possible fi>r shipment to the Old Country, in the unique. Nowhere in the world are salmon found in such 
shape of a canned product. I-ess than twenty years abundance, .and nowhere does catching and preserving 
ago, the fruit business of C;i lifornia was of no greater them constitute so large atid so important an industry, 
dimensions than that of Britis 1 Columbia ; yet, in i8t)o, it l-'rom time immemorial, salmon swarmed, at certain sea- 
exceeded in amount no less a sum than upwards of nine- so'is of the year, in the rivers, hays and inlets of the 
teer. r.-iillion dollars, the » hea*. and flour exp»>rts of northern part of the Pacific coast. With the aborigines 
t'le same year being a*>out talf a million dollars less. w ho were fish-eateis, the salmon may be said to have been 
F.aigc quantities of canned ai d fresh fruits from British the staff of life. They caught great numbers of them, and 
Columbia have already Ixen ent to the Kast, where they cured them simply by drying them in the sun. No salt 
ha\e had a most fasurable ; nd welcome reception, one was used. The fish wt.e cut in thin strips, and these 
whv>lc.saler y-<{ Montreal, Mt. IV lAxkerby, having ex- strips were exposed to the heat of the sun. The fish so 



: ! 



II 






44 



VICTOR f A ILLVSTRATED. 



cured kept well, and was the staple food of the natives 
for the j,'reater part of the year. 

Their manner of eatchiri}^ them was inj^enious. The 
Indians did not know how to make nets, hut they fastened a 
hajjf, made of the hark of the cedar tree, to the end of a 
forked pole. .A rope from this hajj was held by the fisher- 
man. There were two Indians in each canoe, one to fis' md 
the other to steady and j^uide the little craft. Whi. ! 
fisherman felt that there was a salmon in his trap, 
pulled the strinj:^, which closed it, thus seciirin-;; the lish. 
The fishing was done in companies, fifty or sixty canoes 
forminjjf the fleet, which stretched almost from one side of 
the river to the other. Larjje numbers of salmon were 
caught in this way. The Hudson Bay Company, in the 



preserve the salmon by canninj^. .\ Mr. Stamp, who 
does not appear to have been very successful, ;ind .Mr. 
Kwen, made a beffinTiinj; in that year in a small way. 
Tliey liatl many difficulties to encounter, but Mr. I'^wen 
surmounted them all, established a prosperous business, 
and is now hale and hearty, as active and enerj^etic as 
ever he was. Mr. Sproat went into the canninjj business 
next year, and he was followed by Findlay, nurham & 
.idie. 

The salmon canninj^ industry did not at first proj;^ress 
iery rapidly, for we find that in i87() there were only three 
salmon packing concerns in the Province in active opera- 
tion. These were l:wen & Co., I'indlay, Durham & 
Mrodie, and Holbrook & C"o. The whole p.-ick that year 




Ml IIOI.I.KS AM) KIAlMI, MVUllWAKK. 



.inimnileil to onl\ 'i.S.jy cases ol (K cans eai h. I he leailcr 
will be able to torm a prelt) aciurate idea ol the progress 
of llie salmon c.inning industry from the following sl.iie- 
tnent of laclories in active operation : 

N... „f 



early days, purchased a considerable pri'portion of the 
catch. The S.iiuluich Islands were then llie principal 
market li>r the s.ilmon caught in Mrilish C'oluinbi.i w.iters. 
The fish were pickled, and used to provision the whalers, 
which made those Islands their rendezvous. There being 
no c.'iUle on either the islands or the coasts of the Pacific, 
the pickled salmon were made to do duty for salt beef 

When the country, which is now Hritish t'oiumbia, 
was first settled, and when adventurers llocked to it from 
■all quarters in search of gold, while men began to citch 
salmon with gill nets. The catch was pickled, and a l"or some ye.-irs the s.-ilmon packing business was confineil 
large quantity was sold to the miners and other settlers. to the l-'niser Kive,-, but in 1K77 a cannery was est.iblished 
It was not until 1870 that an attempt w.is made to at Skeena. .\l ditVerent peiiods since llieii, salmon have 



1870. 
1880. 
1885. 
1890. 



(";iimtTi(",. 


r.i.k. 


.; 


«.H47 


7 


(11,841) 


') 


108,517 


.14 


4«).4''4 



^ 



A 



»■.. ■* 




Mill AW .\ I OS "DKl.TA" tANNKKV. I-KASKK KIVKK 



\k lOKIA lANNKKV. Kl\ l.KS IM.KT. 



:l. R. CrSNIMiHAMS CANNKKV, TOKT ESSIMITON, SKEKNA KIVER. 



46 



VICTORIA ILLUSTKA TED. 



been eaujjht and pai-kcd at Alert Hay, Rivers Inlet, Naas, Not more than two or three hours are suffered to elapse 

Gardner's Inlet, Lowe Inlet, Bute Inlet, and Met- from the time they are cau^'hl until they are cooked in the 

lakathtla. There is now a chain of canneries, extcndinjj boilers and retorts of the factories. 

from the Fraser River to the Alaska Boundary. These It is j^enerally im.igined that the accounts which arc 

canneries give employment to quite a number of people. written of the immense numbers \^'i salmon that frequent 

.\ larj^^e proportion of the (ishermen are Indians Siwashes the I'raser River and other streams of British Columbia 

as thev are called on the Pacific t'oast. They do their must be taken with many ^^rains >.■>{ allowaiice; but these 

work well, and are, on the whole, as steady and as reliiible " lish stories" are, in the main, true. It is dillicult to 

as the same class of people in any part of the world. exaj^j^erate when speaking of the number i>f salmon that 

There is very little of the " noble red man " about the take their annual journey up the rivers oi this province. 

British t'olumhian Siwash, neither does he retain many The immense numbers that are caught every year hear 

of the characteristics of the savage. He dresses in luiro- witness to this tact, and experienced canners say that they 

pean garb, and has a hea\y, stolid look. He takes to are not iliminishing. It has been observed from the 

civilization more kindly than most Indians ; and, though earliest times that it is very seldom that there is a hea\y 



he does not often 
rise in the world, he 
makes a useful and 
fairly law-abiding 
citi/en. The Siwash 
fisherman, in a good 
season, often earns 
a great deal of 
money, some of 
them netting, in a 
few ••■•>•■' as much 
aseignch. .idredand 
a thousand dollars. 
Thecannersknou 
how to manage the 
Indians, and it is 
very seldom that 
there is serious 
trouble at the can- 
neries. In the fac- 
tories. Chinamen 
and Indian women 
are chiefly employ- 
ed. The dearth cif 
white labor makes 
the employment of 
Chinamen a neces- 
sity. The Chinamen 
become very expert 
in the different pro- 
cesses of packing, 
and they are both 
sober and industrious. The Indian women are em- 
ployed chiefly in cleaning the hsh, which they do 
thoroughly. Water is not spared in the canneries. The 
establishments are kept scrupulously clean, and the 
work is done with extraordinary rapidity and skill. In 




li.WK or ItKlTISII lOMMIUA. 



run ol sahiKMi in the 
l-'rasi-r for three 
s u c c e s s i V e ye a r s. 
There is, after two 
plen t i fu 1 yea rs, a 
year of scarcity. The 
writer was lolil by 
.Mr. l''wen, the pi»i- 
iieer canner of the 
proxiiKe, that the 
lish in the plentiful 
years are now as 
■ ibundaiil as ever 
lliey « ere. 1 le can 
see no dilVereiice. 
But he has i>bserved 
that there are more 
salnuin in the river 
in the " off years " 
than there used lo 
be in the earl\ da\s 
ol salmon packing. 
If .\Ir. l\wen is right 
and he is a dose 
and an accurate i>b- 
server, and has had 
better iipportunities 
of observation than 
any other white man 
in the province the 
salmon in the Kra.ser 
Rixer are more 
abundant now than ever they were. Whether or not the 
increase in the off years is due lo the numbers oi fry put 
into the river every year from the (iovernment h.itchery, 
is a point about which there is ,i difference of opinion. 
There are some whose views on the subject, it might be 



a \ery tew hours the fish that were swimming in the river supposed, are entitled to consideration, who assert, with 

are safely packeil in the air-tight cans. They are not great confidence, that the hatchery has di'ne nothing 

allowed to get stale. The) are not, in fact, exposed to towards preserving the salmon; but there are others who 

any contaminating influence whatever, but are, when decl.ire with equal confiilence that it is owing to the work 

packed, perfectly fresh, and as clean as water can make done by the hatchery that the run of salmon in the h'raser 

them. It is simply impossible to get fish in any city, for Ri\er has not, of late years, decreased, 
table use, as fresh as are the s.-ilmcn which are cooked in The preservation I'f the salmon is, in British I'olumbia, 

the cans of the British Columbia fish packing factories. a matter iif very great importance. The pack of the 



■■«! 



'«> 



no 



*Vcr»« # 




48 



1 7( ■ ■/■( MV. I //, /. ( 'S VA: I TED. 




Lv^s-MS^' 



r.miBS^- 



ij^aav <i<n 



^j^jgnflTiatfli^-'^'-' --- '' ' 



WARKRCMMS OF WEILER IIROS. 

whole province, for i8go, was estimated hy Fishery 
Inspector Mowatt to be i9,8y5,f.)<)2 one pound cans. 
These, at a low estimate, were worth at least two and a 
half millions of dollars. The city of \'ictoria is now, and 
has long- heen, deeply interested in the prosperity of tlie 
salmon fishery. The canrreries have received the ijre.itcr 
part of their supplies from that city, and it is the port from 
which the jjreat bulk of the pack is exported. Victoria 
capital is lartjely invested in the canneries, and all the 
business concerns of the city, larjje and small, are either 
directly or indirectly connected with the industry. .\n 
intellif,'ent opinion as to the extent i^t' the salmon fisherv 
in British Columbia, and its importance to the province, mav 
be formed by an examination of the following statistics : 

BRITIS H COL UMBIA SALMON I'AlK. SKASON 1830. 

FRAsBk River— Naa\ Ki\kr 

E.o.iCo ... . J8.47" Ca~nJ.IWUii.BC,. .,,;q, 

Hon Aiviird Fi»hcr> Co I'-.MS ,\ M,l,.ll.in i,i7., 

I. '. I. r- , u" n ''.tS™.'*-> '^..^.P Dr,, ...1. 'c..nnin|{ Co.. iLil.) i,:n 
Hritish C.>liinibia PackinK Co i.t.iib » vw.. v«-». / j- .. 

Urit. Col. Ciinnint! Co.. (I.J.) 11.810 ! T ,ial .<»/. 

IVil.1 Canning Co ij,.oB "'T« Im.h ■ 

LaidLt* & Co .^. n.7»7 ll.'bv.n & Co j.bj; 

Marlivk I'atkinK Co . io,ja6 

PhtH-nix Packing Co. . . . 14,000 ' T*»lal J.6J7 

Hritish -Ain'.Ti.-af. Pac-ktn(( Co ib,ayt | 

t'"".""',!'"",',.'-''""'"* ^"" '"■'*'' KIIMAIIV. 

h. .\. W adham .< . l.),ao.{ CtlHrn 

H.-.n,rC.liinlnKCo m.™ Kra».T River M.*^' 

KiihiTi.-mH.annin){Co 14.380 Alert Bav t.jS. 

Ilobm.n&to i7,joi R|,i.r,lnlrt ji.<K.. 

Duncan. Bauh.K.r & Co . 11,790 Sk.-.-nji Kivcr i...n.S 

X . , il , Nani Rivir J.t.'>». 

„'"">' '41.W9 C.arJimr li.U-l j.:.., 

•^'►"T "V , I.,... InU-l i,J(7 

.\l,rt Ha> t jnninK to 7.J80 HuU' Inlil j.i'i; 

,, loUl 7.JH0 Ti«al f.'r Pro. iniT 4a>.4<>4 

Hrili.h Columhw Canning C... "J.*! Shipped to 

•• .. io,i6j ''•'>"■ '■**'• 

W,inniick Pa.kintt Co i^jl6 - In.tid Kin({d..n. .J.,l.,l<,i iiH.m; 

AitMtralui in,\ht ^4.",i" 

Total 1J../.I Canada -».,s<'' 4'.'<" 

liAKlilNKR s IM KT InileJ Stale.. ,s.. 

II. .M. Price & Co. (Ld.). .i.;.., \''P'"T' , , u *"• 

On hand at date H.j<(.i '».'.ss 

Total 3-7") ' 

LowK Im.kt Cn«r«. 4."k4'M 4'4'<M 

K. C.inninifliam & Sim . ti,[i87 t'fltitH. 

T.'tal P.-tek Brit. Collimhul. iK;,, hi,.«,( 

Total . 6.o»7 iHK. 1.1.II4.) 

Ski-:i^na Kim-.k " " " iHHi 177.^7*. 

lnverne«H Cinninif C. ... 'J<749 t " " •**' ■'.VS..'*" 

N..rth Paeifie Canning C... 14.980 | * " " iMMl nilt.ntt 

Standard Packing C. .. |<>.JJ9 " '* iHK^ t4i..t4i 

Skeena Packing II.. ■'•774 " " " '**-S ".**'5'7 

Brtti.h Amertean P.-ieking C... 14.135 " " " .**H(, ,f>i,4<^ 

Italm.iral C'lnninif C IJ.BS4 | " " " 1KH7 tin,iH\ 

Brit. C.l. CanniiiK C..., il^.) ij.>>4 " " ' iH(« iK,.,,,,. 

" " •■ 1HK.1 4.4. «>( 

Total f-'Ki I " " " '*'r' 4'"HN 



|)|;i:p si;,\ itsiikkiis. 

.Mthouf^h lar(.je i|iiaiililies of ileop sea fish such as 
halibut, true cod, r.'ck coil and many others aboimd in 
immense ijuantitii's in llie «. iters surrounding; Vancouver 
Island ; and allliou(,'li it is a fact that 'he people of liritish 
Columbia ha\e never .is yel >;one exteiisiveiy iiilo this in- 
dustry, which is already cin>: iii ciMisiderable and vearly 
f.jro\\inf; importance to the Massachusetts lleel of schoon- 
ers fr,.m the I'ujjet Sound cities ; yet it is of interestin(,r 
note thai a comp.iny is mnv forminjj with {".ii^lish arul 
liritish I'olumbian pn. lectors, and a capital oi twice the 
total amount at present operated on l'uj,'et Sound. The 
purpose of this company to establish Iree/eries bolli in the 
North I'll the lisliin^r (grounds as vxell as here \\ ill (guarantee 
the placiii),' ot perfectly fresh Pacific fish in the ICastern 
markets where there is a lar^a■ demand ; the company will 
not confine its attentions entirely to deep sea fish but will 
also freive salmon for Mastern shipment ; ami, in oriler to 
be able t.. supply the I'nited Slates markets free/eries will 
be located across the line as well. The companv will 
start oper.itions next spriii),' with a c.ipit.il oi two million 
dollars, and as it is fair to assume that i>ther companies 
tir indi\iduals will soon follow their example il may be 
expected that another larjre source i>f rexeiiue will soon be 
added to the j^reat list oi resources. 

LI .MIIKK AM) I.I MIILKINi;. 

Owiii^ to the immense si/e to which the l)ouj;l.is lir 
and the ced,ir att,iin in the Province of Hrilish Columbia, 
and the Island oi \ancouver in particular, the local timber 
interest is a very important one. The i|.ialitv, toi>, oi the 
timber produced, is re>,rarded by the trade as beinj,' the very 
best, and commands top prices in the market. .Messrs. Kinj; 
and Casey, the well kiunvn lo^jj^jers, have actually cut .and 
measured v>.""" f>-'^'' of lumber per acre in the Comox dis- 
trict, and ev eryw here limits runnlnf,' iMuler jt),(HX) feet are 
scarcely thoui;ht to be wi-rlh aci|uiriMLi. In aildilion to the 
woods already mentioneil, spruce, maple aiul oak are also 
^rown. The prlncip.il lumber, however, which is proiluced 




^. 






i 



. M.\ ,VU\ I. All t-.\ 1 111 k. II. 



t '- 



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i! 



so 



VICTORIA tU.VSTRA TEH. 



1 [ 



is that (roni the Poufjlas fir. Owinjj li' llu- inimonsc KkmI ilo- 
maiul which hiiiiclin^; opi-ratioiis h.ivo s.^'i lali' iii.kIo upon tho 
hinibcr mills nf this island, soinool' tht-ni have boiii uhlif^oil 
to work double shifts, in addition to which very heavy 
consij^'nnients from the mainland have found a market in 
Victoria anil elsewhere. It is difficult to esliniale the 
quantity f.'^'i lumber which the Island of Vancouver is cap- 
able i.'^i producing,', each survey injf party as it returns from 
the interior, supplyinn' its proofs of material additions to 
existing calculations. .\t any rate, no matter how heavy 
may be the rei.|uirenient, there is ample to supply all the 
demands for years to come. In the Province oi British 

Columbia there were last year iJ^-.i-'' •'>-"''>■"' "'^'"^^■'''"">-''" 
lanils under limber lease, o^ which 7,o(x) were in theC'ow- 
iclian district, the co.ist and Sayw.ird districts supplyinj^ 



rhe\'icli>ria Lumber and Manufacturing; Co. , of C'hemai nils, 
whose new mill, when completeil, will have ;i daily capacity 
of more than i 5o,<kx) feel, have a number of camps on the 
mainland, at I'ort Harvey, on Craycroft Island, as well jis 
in the vicinity of Humphrey Chiinnel. The McPhersons 
have extensive camps, from which they ^et i>ut Ioljs for the 
market, and all over the island and in the Str.iils .ire hand 
loj^j;iii^ camps, the products cii which ;ire, to their owners, 
almost as j^ood as >;old. During; the last couple of years 
several new mills have been established, while older ones 
have had their capacity very materially increased, and the 
indications are that other lumberinj; and inillinf;enterprises 
will ere liinj; be inaugurated. The subjoined table compiled 
from the l-'orestry Inspector's Report, will doubtless be ol 
some interest : 




*^'. 



I.Oia.IM. lAMI' ON VASCOIVICK ISI.WP. 



i: 



; 



f' 



25,672 acres, upon which \'anciHiver Island lumbermen 
drew for their loft's. .Moreover, their camps were fininil 
upon the mainland, and on the inlerveniiif," islands as fiir 
north as Knijjht's Inlet. The mills, those of Messrs. W. 
P. Sayward X: (.'o.. Rock Hay ; Ilu),'lfitt ^: Mclnlyre. Cow- 
ichan ; The Chemainus (X'ictori.i Lumber and .Mamilactiir- 
injj Co.); .Andrew Haslam, Nan.-iimo, and Mr. I'rquharl, 
Comox, have an estimated capacity of 3f)o,ocxi feet per 
day ; that of .Muir Hros. , of .Sooke, not beiujjf in operation. 



N.\Mi-: 111- M;i.r.. 



WllKHF 

SiiiAriiM. 



I. P ASKS 
Illl.lV 

Alke.s. 



W. P. .SayMaril. . . N'ictoria . . i,.sH<' 

lliij,'hitt it Mclntyre Cowichan , 7,<i'x) 

.\. Ilaslam Nanaimo. . ^,722 



lIlAVTITV OK 
TlMlll'K ClT. 



i(),K57,<»<i7 ft. 

.JlX), Hoj II. 

7,2()H, 15,^ ft. 



.Amonj; the lojjjfint; camps which are running-:, mav he \ictoria l.umb'jjCo. Chemainus i'>,4C)^ 

mentioned those of I'raser X: Co., on the Cowichan River ; 

Kin),' & Casey. \\\\^\\ tiranl and \V. !'. Sayward & Co., In the case of the Cowichan Mill, the output leporled 

Valdez Island, and on Vancouver Island between Cape amounts practically U> nolhin),', as the establishment is 

L.1ZO and Cape Mudf,'e ; and of .Andrew Ilaslam, of N'aii.i- bein;,' rebuilt .ind enlarged to more than double its previous 

imo, in the Sayward district, and also on Vancouver Island. capacity. The Chemainus mill, when completed, will, as 









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Mtiii^rtT of Mint--, KJiiL-ntion, Ike. 



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11. 



ricil 
t is 

ious 
, as 





IION. TIIKl). DAVIK, 



IION. K. (i. VKKNON, 
Chief CiMnmUftioncr L;iiiJ« and Workn. 



P\ 



ga VrcTORrA rt.U'STRATF.n. 

lias ht'iMi hol'orc saiil, bo ahli" In turn mil tfio.iHK) loi'l ilaily iSSi $I7J,<).|7 

when it resumes operations. if'H-' .V>3.H7,S 

The followiinr lahic will t,'ive an iJoa of the export ol '^^^.^ 4"7-*'^4 

luniher from the IVox inee of Mrilish t'oUiniliia lor the last ">^4 45^..V'.S 

lenvears: '««3 2....,..7i 



iHHd $i<(4,4KH 

1HH7 a.l.S.'M.I 

iHJW 44'.')S7 

iMSi( 44c),oj(i 



s'ri;i:N(i'rii oi-' i'.i;irisi! (olimiha 'riMi'.i:!;. 

Shtwlnn Ihi' wiiijhls, s|x-clfi(: grnvilicH, iletU'clicms, hri'.ikinK anil irii.lili\y liKiiN iif «>inf of III!' llrilMi C.iliimliia WuchN. TIu' y\wv^ lisinl f.ir 
IransvtTsi' stron(ilh were uno Inch si|iure, with a s\n\\ nf nne fi»il, Miiiih.rteil at 1ki||> eniN ami iDadtil al ihe ciiilri-. Tlu' |ii.r.s itslii! f..t irushinn w.tc 
rcclanniilar, ami Iwl..- as I.MIK as (hey were lliick. All ihe |>iiTes wen- fair a\ciat;c >|«;iinitiis .if linihir, |ttrll>- wa-unrcl, l.ul friv from km. Is an.l llaws. 
The reMilts ulitaiiie.l from exeeplinnally i^uoil iir liaM s|iei-inien>. are mil inolmle I in llils lalilc. 



OfseKirnov oi TIM^^K. 



t.S 6 

is I h 



\\y \\ PurnMiiN iM Imhk> 



AlJtr. 
Arhiitus. 
Bir.h. 
(.■.d.ir. 
Crah Apple 



l'\ris» \ill.i». Il'lia 



(Alnii« ruliriil 
I ArlniliK Mi-n/iriiii) 
(Hthil.i p.ipxrilenil 
(Thuja ^Itfiinnal 
(PiniH ri\ uljirtsl 



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ir, Kwl. 
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Sprue 



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I I'sii^:.! M.ir(i-M-.i.tiiiil 
lA.vr nl.uT.iplitlluinl 
(OiKTeiiN tiarr\.iiial 
(Finns m.iiitieel.it 
(I'ievil SilehtnsitJ 



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Null. 

l>.Ml((i. 



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(T.ixus Itreliftilu'l) 



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rilK MlMiS. 

.Mthoiijrh the Hudson Hay Company established their 
chief trading' post for the North l\airu- eoast at V'iiloria 
in 1K4J, it is not due to this fact tliat Hritish t'olunihia 
was briiuf^ht prominently before the wiirld. The I'oni- 
pany of Adventurers confined their attention to trading' 
with the Indians for furs, althou(,'h they niaile an unsuc- 
cessful attempt to develop the coal mines at l'"ort Kupert. 
It will he impossible here to exhaustively discuss the 
mininjj history and prospects of Hritish Columbia, hut a 
few jjeneral remarks will sullice tii outline the jiast, aiul 
show that the future of mining' is bri^'ht, and that it nuist 
become our chief industry. 

The discovery of i,rold on the l-"raser river bars in 185H 
caused a rush of miners from California to the new liekl, 
the route chiefly beinj; to '. ictoria, and thence by nuat's 
of steamer, sailing; vessel, row boat or canoe, to the 
Fraser. Some of these adventurous spirits penetrated the 
interior, and in iSfxj tfold was found in Cariboo. The 
rush to Williams, Uf^fhtninj^, and adjacent creeks, tor 
several years, at times caused Victoria's population to 
swell to twenty or thirty thousani! people, housed in any 
kind of dwelliuij^ available. \'ictoria has always been the 
headquarters for supplies, and the source of supply for the 
province, then established, h.is never chanijed. .\lter 
the discovery i>f the Cariboo >;old fields, other rich liiids 
were made, but none so important, and the claim that the 
province owes its existence to the f^old wealth of Cariboo 
is, in the main, correct. Cariboo, Lillooct, Kootenay, 
\'ale, Cassiar, Omineca, and the Peace River, have all 
been worked for their alluvi.il gold, and while the output 



has decreased year by year, there are many ainouj,' the 

best informed who claim that persistent and intellit,'ent 

prospectin-; would brin),' to li^jht as rich districts ;is those 

which have furnisheil the liftv millions or so of dollars 
I 

now (^iveri as the ollicial return \.A the j^oUl product during,!- 
the prosecution of ^(old-minin),' in Hritish Ci>lumbia. The 
precious metal deposits are not confined to any psirticuliir 
belt, but are found in the islands of the coast, and 
in the several ranj^es of mountains to the eastern slope of 
the Rockies, the sands of the i'eace .and Saskatchewan 
rivers carryinjj fine f^old far east of the mountains. The 
ileposits, however, follow the same lines as those to the 
south of the bouiulary line, beiiifr closer tojjether as the 
raii>;es of mountains runnint^ north and south on the 
.American continent approach .Alaska. 

.\llhouj,'li a i|uartz excitement visiteil Cariboo as the 
placer claims j^avt out, there was wo real proj^ress in this 
branch of miniiif^ until within recent years. The Cariboo 
riiad is probably one of the finest hifjhways in the world, 
but the distjince between source of supply and the mine 
^vas so (^reat, .and the cost of transportation so severe, 
that it was impossible to successfully or profitably work 
i|uarlz ileposits. Duriii),' the past ten ye.irs, however, 
prospectinjj for i;old and silver quart/ has been dili^jently 
prosecuted in the various districts of the province, and 
many valu.ible ileposits h.ive been loc.iteil. It vv.is not 
until after the ailvent of the C.m.idian Pacific R.iilway to 
the north, and the Northern Railway to the south, that 
anythiiif^ really import.mt was acci>tnplished in ipiart/ 
minin^j. Tliese two railvv.ivs m;ule access into the dis- 
tricts of Kooten.-iy and N'ale comparatively ea.sy and cheap, 



^iofKse>i*«P9fiiatmem<mi&s(mnsmi^-: 




josiii'ii iiiM i:k. M. p. I'. ■-'. 1.. i;. M>«oiAPi;, 

I. INK HON. JOHN KOUSON. M. 1". I'. 



3. CAI'T. JOHN IKVINO. 
■V TIIEO. 1 IBIIE. 



rVafll 



54 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



i 



the C'olunibia anJ Kin>li.'na\ ri\L'i>. ami lakos lurtiisliin^' 
excellent water conimunicalion from oitlicr line ot railway, 
ill those fafilities is iliie, in a ^reat measMie, the attention 
that has heeii pai I to Kootenay ilistriet, where prospectors 
have opened to the 'vorki silver mines that gi\e promise 
of surpassing;' in wealth those of any district on the 
American continent. Thousandf. ot" locations of jjold, 
silver, copper and lead have been made, many of ihein 
have been extensively doNoliiped, and a i,'^reat numbei' 
more or less prospected. The mines o( Toad Mountain, 
Ivini;' between Columbia river and Kootenay lake, were 
first discovered by a prospecliui; party comiiij^ in from the 
south. For the "Silver Kin^jf," the chief f;:roup, Si,3ix),txx) 
has been offered. This is 
one of the greatest ledj;es 
of ore ever foimd, it beini;; 
of remarkable width, and 
carrying from hundreds to 
thousands of ounces of sil- 
ver per ton. Ivxtensive silver 
bearint;' deposits were after- 
wards found at what is 
called the Hot Springs 
Camp, ocpially as rich, but 
not in such ,Ui:'i> 'tv. Re- 
cently, deposl* s V )' sil\ er 
guiiig as ricii pio:nise as 
the mines of Toad .Moun- 
tain, were located on the 
head waters of Kaslo ri\er 
and on Slocan lake, lying 
also between the Columbia 
river and Kootenay lake. 
Besides these important 
camps, locations have been 
made in every part of the 
KooteiTay lake district of 
gold, siKer, copjier and lead 
ores, but prinrip.illy of sil- 
ver As a consequence of 
these, miners and capitalists 
have visited the held in 
large nuiJibers, enterprising 
companies have prepa,-u 
for the building up of im- 
portant towfis, of smelters, 
saw mills, and the means of 

transportation. Among I'le most energetic is the Moslon 
Company, redly the pioneer of the lake district, they 
having been engaged in opening up the famous Hlue Hell 
galena claim, on the east shore, for the past nine \ears. 
Ihis company has begun the building of a large i.melter 
at Pilot Bay. The Victoria Company, of which Joshu.i 
Davies is the leading spirit, have erected saw mills, and 
have in many ways prepared for the building of a large 
town at Nelson. Ainsworth. Ka.-lo C '.v, Pilot Hav, each 
give promise of becoming important centres of trade for the 
mines tributary to them. In other portions of Kootenay 
mines are being J.eveloped, the "Lanark" •i.ine al lllecille- 



waet haxingbeen proved lo be a gre.it depi>sil of rich bear- 
ing galena. .\t varii>us places along the line of railway in 
l']ast and West Kootenay, t)uarlz tnines are being 
de\elo|ied, and it is confidently predicted that next year 
and the following _\ears will prove that Kootenay is the 
richest mining sectirn of the continei.t. In the early 
sixties, rich goUl placers were \vi>rked in various pails of 
Kooten.iy, and a.ie mII' being worked, principallv by 
Chinese. ICxcjilent coking and oilier coals are found in 
C'row's N'e-.t Pass ii< immense ipiaiitities. l.imesiviiie, 
i.'on ore, timber, ,'ind oilier necessaries for smeltrig, 
alH>uiul adjacent u> the mines, so that the treatni'iit if 
the precious nielal is made both cheap and prolilalvle. 

Chief me'itiiin i> made 
ol Kootenay mines, because 
the, are so far ad\:inced in 
development, and so favor- 
ably situated with regard to 
transportation facilities (ih'. 
Cireal N'i>rtliern furnisiiiiig 
anoth'.'rtran; con tine III. il line 
next year), that it must be 
here tli.il British I'ol nubia's 
precious metals will iirst 
yield up their millions in 
oullion. But the other sec- 
tions of the country lying 
siHilh . . .in. line of the 
I'anadian Pacific have .also 
great miner.al wealth, while 
north to 'he .\laska boun- 
d.iry, deposits ol gold, sil- 
ver, copper, iron, mica, 
marhio, and other valuable 
natural resources, exist in 
.ibundance. Willi lliee\ce|- 
tion of those on the coast, 
the mines lying far from ra'l- 
way communication win ne- 
cessarily have to await 
cheaper transportation facil- 
ities before being extensive- 
ly worki'il. In Caribo i there 
.ire numerous gold ijuart/ 
ledges, .some of which hav e 
been shown by th- Ciovern- 
menl Reduction Works lo 
be cap.ible of paying a re.is, 'liable profit. In l.ilKoel 
distriit, some twenty-live miles from the raihvav, 
llie ' Bonan/a " gold claim is heing thoioughly opened up. 
In the l">kanagan district of N'ale are Large gold i|uar|/ 
deposits. .\t kock Crei'k, i\c:. ilie boundary line, a/e 
also extensive ledges, some of which arc being iipcied up. 
In the Similkameen district are numerous location.. It is 
in this portion of N"ale district thai large qujintiiies of 
plaliiHim are founil in the placer claims. The North 
TliompsiMi river has also many quart/ ledges. It was al 
Nicomin, on the main Thompson, thai gold \*as first dis- 
covereil in Br^i;,!) Columb'< 




I Ml si.N, III! 1 I NAN r-C.IV I KVOH. 



I 




HON. (J. i:. l\»olJ.\, 
PiviitiU.'nt o( the CtHiiKil. 






i^adiiiigJUUU 




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Tin; l.ATl. IIU.N. KUIIT. DLN.sMUlK, 




Ih'.N. |i. W. IIH.l.INS 



MU. K. P. KITIHT. 



i ■ 

I 1 

I i 



56 VfCTORfA ILLUSTRATED. 

Althoufjh picked ore has been sl-iU from tlic Kootcnay of tho mines, and tlirouj^h Wells, I"ar},'o & Co. "s Kxpress 

L.'iKe district to the smelters at Butte, the output from the it has been shipped to the mint in San Francisco. In the 

quartz mines does not, so far, form an important item in colonial days a mint was established at N'l-w Westminster, 

the annual Ciovernniont return. This is still made up but was suppressed by the Imperial aullu"-ities. The 

almost alto^fethvr from the placer mines, and chieily from necessity of establishing a mint at N'ictoria in the near 

Cariboo. In this district, where first the mininj,' was by future will undoubtedly be acipiiesceil in by the Dominion 

sinkini; and drifting' and sluicintj, the ^jreater portion of Ciovernment. 



tho g^old now obtained is by hydraulicinj;-. Durin;; the 
past year, companies having larjje capital have bej^un the 
openinj,' up of claims on the north fork of the Cjuesnelle, 
where Chinese miners have previously, by their small 
methods, secured larye returns. .An Hnglish syndicate 
has secured the whole of Williams creek from its mouth, 
and next year will bejjfin a system of hydrauliciii};. The 
fact that (.jround on Williams creek, which was the richest 
of all camps in the early days, has continued to yield jjood 
returns from driftinjf ever since, is evidence that a suc- 
cessful .system of hydraulicinj;, 
where every portion of the dirt 
would be carefully washed, will 
produce f^rand lesults. The same, 
indeed, is true of every creek 
which has produced j^^old. 0\\ the 
Fraser river, from I.illooet to its 
sources, there ;ire benches which 
would produce j.;ood pay, if water 
for hydraulicin^' was available. 
.Xllention has now been lurned to 
the Wiirkini; i<f iIk' Caribim placers 
by this nietluKl, and there is little 
question but that in a lew years 
the old district will be producing; 
as much j,'old as it ever did. 

On \"ancou\ er Isl.uid, f;old and 
silver bearinjj quart/ is found. On 
the west coast, so lati as this \ear, 
on Ciordon river, miners have se- 
cured fair (lay from placer miniuj^ 
on the bars. Many other of the 
streams on the coast carry fjold 




yr. jtiHN s 1 Ml hi H. 



Rttiiiiui;. There is every reason to believe that re- 
finin};^ works will, in the near future, be erected at \'ic- 
toria ; the market for the bullion is here, and besides 
taking the ores from the mainland and islands o'i lirilish 
Columbia, the .ibsence of duty on the cl;iss of ores coi'-r.^ 
from .\laska, places N'ictoria as the nearest praciicable 
point to take the output of these mines. 

[run. The iron ores of liritish Columbia exist in larj^^e 
quan'ities at Sooke, on V.ancouver Island, on Rivers' 
inlet and at Seaforth channel ; but 
the bed most available is that of 
Texada Island, Ciiilf oi (-eiirLjia. 
This is a perfect mountain i>f rich 
m.ij^netic iron ore, within limestone 
walls, assays (>>> 4-10 of iron, and 
has a very low perceiilaj.je ii'i phos- 
phorus and other impurities. This 
iron has already been much useil 
as a necessary inj^'reilient in ciMi- 
nection with iron fouiul in Wash- 
inj^ton State, where steel products 
are neccssaiv, by the Puf^el Sound 
iron companies, and it is of inler- 
estiiit; iu>le th.il the ordnance de- 
partjinent, in their last report to 
I'on^ress :il Washington, I). I"., 
■~pi'ke of this ore as a necessarv 
adjuiu I ivitli the ores iif \\ ashinj;- 
lon Slate in ihe manufacture of 
^uns on I'uijet Sound. 

Copper. Ihe nuist prominent 
ledfjes of copper yet f«)und are one 



in greater or less quantities, (iold, silver, copper, iron, on Howe .Sound and Texada ; but there are otlier finds 

quicksilver, marble, and especially coal, exist on this in v.irious parts of the province on the islands and 

island, with abundance of timber and valuable building' mainland, 
stone. The same is true in a lesser dei'ree of tjueen 

Charlotte Islands, where re.vntlv an Jxtensive silver '"'"'• '''i^' industry has already undergone a wonder- 
deposit has been found, and a vjry valuable deposit of ful dev elopment on Vancouver Island. On the mainland 
ma"netic iron ore. ' veins of li),niite exist in the vicinity of New Westmin- 
ster, and nood croppinjjs are found alonj; the North 
ll would be diflicult lo prophesy the ^.^reat returns Thompson and Skeen.; rivers. Hituminous coal is found 
thai will be secured from the precious metals in the near near Kamloops, while a very large body of semi-antliracile 
future. That it will run into many millions, and rival the has been opened up at the CVow's Nest C'ompanv's mines 
output ot Montana, Nev.ida .ind C.ilifornia, is quite within in l-!ast Kootenay. .\t liraliam Island, one iif the ^ueen 
the possibilities. Cp 10 the present the chief market fi>r I'harlotte >;roup, a considerable amount of Victoria capital 
gold has been in X'ictoria. In ihe early days it was h.is been expended by such well known men as William 
brought here by st.age ;ind steamer from Cariboo, the Wilson, Henry Saunders. I'aptain John Irving, . and others, 
Hank of Hritish Columbia being the pioneer in est.iblishing in the development of coal beds which are o\ ,1 clearer 
a branch of its bank at Harkerville. (iaresche, Cireen Ik character of anthracite than .my vel discovered on 
ijo., the H.ink of Hrjiish Columbia and the Hank of the Pacific t'o.isi. The Oregon Improvement Com- 
IJritish North .\merica have alvv.iv s pun. hased the output pany. the owners of r.iiUvays, steamers and coal mines 



X ^.A-^S^-t 



-*w.««. * 



ml 



■ito 



■*w4-i ^ 




j8 VICTORIA II.LUSTKATKn. 

from California to Alaska, iiave been larjje investors in, \V HOI .I'.S.A iJ" TKADH. 

and intent for some time in the development of tliese 

properties, the extent \.^'i whieh, from autlieiitie reports, ^^ 

must be enormous. The assay oi the anihracite is as I l"'- Indians all over the continent pitehed their tents 

follows: 1 on the shiMes of harbors and on the banks of the 

\\;^■^^, |..(io jjreat risers. Where these encampments stood have become 

Vi.l.ntili- cnmlmstililc 5.02 the sites of the j;-reat cities of to-ilav. In Canada, Hali- 

livcil irtrlRiii Sj.ixy tax, Montreal, Kin>,'slon, Toronto, Winnipeg', and other 

'^^'' ^''' impi>rlant points were each a rendezx ous for \ arious tribes 

^"''''"" i-SJ "«' ofjndians. The same is true of Victoria. The Son^'ish 

At another part oi the island, and in a somewluil Indians villaLCe \t as, and is still, on the land on the oppo- 

dirterent formation, is a line bituminous coal, which par- site side ^^i the inner harbor. Wher) the Hudson's Hay 

takes of the character of cannel coal. It runs in seams Company moved their headiiuarlers on the Pacific Coast 



11 > 




I'KiniMIAl. i.OVl.KNMI.M )irlI.I>IN(.S AM) (.KOIVDS, 



1; I 



varyin^j from twelve to sixteen feet in thickness, and 
as.says as follows : 

Water 2.65 

Viilalilt omilmsliiilc J(). 51) 

Kixi'il c.nrlxin U-^'J 

Ash 5.43 'oo 



The jjravinjj dock at Mstiuimalt is capable of safety 
dockin^j a vessel fi\e hundred feet in len^,'th. The dock, 
inside the inner invert, is 450 feet lon^. With the caisson 
removed to the outer invert thirty feet is ^aitied in the 
rake fore and aft, brinj^in^; the capaciiy up to vessels ~f%-> 
feet in length. 



from .Astoria, it was to \'ictoria, where they built their 
warehouses .ind their i.tI, in order to trade with the 
Indians of the coast. The supply centre thus established 
by the aborijjines, ami later by the first traders, has 
always continued to be the conuiiercial headtpuirters of 
the province, and Victoria has jfrown in sympathy with 
the development of any piirtion of the country, for it was 
here where miners and traders and Indians came to pur- 
chase their (;ood». 

In the days ol the ^jold excitement in Cariboo, there 
were a lar(.je number of houses established to supply the 
needs of the miners, who formed the jfreater portion of 




i;. c. ruiou, m. v. 




MK. H. C. Itl.KTON, 
Aifrnt lirnoral for llrittiih ColumttiA. 




MR. TIKIS, KAKI.i;, M. 1'. 




MR. RoliT. \V.\R1>. 



n 



60 



I 'rCTORf.l ILL USTRA TED. 



h; I 



the coiisuin.Ts. Many of these houses remain to-day, Francisco and I'ortland, and has exceplional provincial 

nearly all in ditTerent hands, except those of Strouss & Co. tnmsportation facilities, while, so far, the chief wholesale 

and J. H. Todd. Hut the lar^je and profitable trade trade is confined to the sea coast. The miners of Carilmo 

created by the miners dwindled iis the output each year have always been supplied from here, and there are t«o 

decreased. This, in a jjreat measure, was oil-set by the competinj; routes into the Kootenay Lake cminlry, whiih 

embarkation of capital into the more permanent industries district is also larfjely supplied from this point. I'lxperi- 

of coal minin)^, iisli canninij;, hmibernif.j and scalinj^'. enced and enerj^'etic men control the wholesale houses 

While the output of fjoid has decreased from two or three here, and they have shown themselves ipiite eijual to 

millions annually to half a million, the other industries supply all new fields that ha\e been opened up in recent 

have steadily }^rown until their value in dollars is two or years. Their success in the p.ist in copinj,' with keen compe- 

three times as j,'-reat as that of the lar^,'est annual ifold tition is an evidence that, as the pnnince is developed, 

yield. Hurinj^f the building oi the Canadian Pacific rail- N'lctoria will continue to be its chief commerci il centre. 

wav in this province, an impetus was given to the whole- 

sale trade of Victoria. .Xftor its completion this increase BANK.S AND HANKING. 

was not vliminished, but, owing to the building up of \'an- 

couver, the inccming of 



new population, and the 
exteiisiiin and addition to 
existing industries, busi- 
ness has constantly ad- 
vanced, and the whole- 
salers oi X'ictoria lia\e, 
in order to meet the de- 
mands, been compelled 
to carrv verv valuable 
stocks, and to add to 
their warehousing facili- 
ties. The principal dry 
goods retailers ol \ ictoria 
import their chief slock 
from I'jiglaiul direct, but 
the larger iiorlion ot 
staples are purchased 
from wholesalers here. 
I. en/ i^ Leiser possess 
extensive w a reroi)ms,;ind 
constanlly carry a strck 
o( dry goi>ds worlli a 
i)uarter oi a niillioii dol- 
lars. The wliiilesale dry 
goods, groceries, wines 
and liquors, boots and 
shoes, hardware and fur- 



\'icloria owe>, in a 
great measure, her finan- 
cial standing to the char- 
acter of the banking insli- 
tulions which have tran- 
sacted business here, aiul 
o( whose history a review- 
is presented : 

n.WKOI- IIKI I Isll I Ol.l-.MJll.\ 

This insli;u lion, w hose 
headipiarleis :ire .il X'ic- 
toria, was incorporaleil 
b\ riiyal charter, uilh a 
capital i^l $ ^,<M K>,(N N I, in 

^ii,(KK) shares of .Si()<> 
each, with power lo in- 
crease. The reserve fund 
of the bank is Si .iqo.ix m. 

The l.i>ndon olVice is al (ki 
l.ombaril street, I-!. (.'. 

The curl i>l ilireclors 
is composed o^ Unbelt 
liillespie, lOsi). , chairman; 
l-)den Col ville, l'!si|. , 
depuly chairm.'in ; James 
.\ndersoii, l-^sq. ; T. Ci. 
(iillespie, ICsq. ; Sir Chas. 
.imouiil to Tupper, Hart. , Ci. C. M. (i. , l". H. ; C. NX'. Henson, I'isq, , 

Hankers : 




IIANKKKS. 



o.VKEscili:, (.ki:kn and co 

niture transactions of X'ictoria houses wi 

upwards of ten million dollars annually. That this and II Hughes, Itisq. , general manager. 



estimate is not excessive is borne out by inquiry among .Xlessrs. Smith, I'ayne Hi Smiths. 

the wholesalers, by the duties paid on imports which now 

average Si<x),(xjo per month, and the very large imovint 

of imports from liastern Canada. The business handled 

by one firm idone (R. P. Rithet & C"o.) is over three 

milliinis annually. Of course this includes exports as well 

as imp, iris. Hesldes the resident wholesale houses, the 



Hranches are established in British I'olumbia al X'ic- 
toria, New XX'estminster, X'aiicouver, Naiiainui and Kam- 
loops ; al San I'rancisco, California ; Porlland, OregiMi ; 
Seattle and Taciuiia, XN'asliington. 



.Agents in luigland are: National Provincial Hank 

principal eastern wholesalers are represented here by j,|- |.;„jr|and, Norlh and South XVales Hank, Liverpool, 

resident .-igents. U.,„|< ^,|- |,iverpi>ol, Manchester and Liverpool District 

XX'hen X'ancouver was made the terminus uf the Hanking C'oinp.iny, limited, Manclusier. Their agent in 

C. P. Railway, it was the idea o\ many that wholesale Sci>tland is the Hrilish Linen Company Hank, and in 

business would naturally gravitate to that point. This Ireland the Hank of Ireland. In Canada, the following 

has in \wi inslMice been verified. X'icloria enjoys Ihe are their agents ; Hank of Montreal and branches, C.ina- 

same rates of freight on the transcontinental lines as San dian Hank of Commerce, Imperial Hank of Canada, 



"— **ii^ 



■ 1,1. IIIIIIIIIU'I 



■- ♦ 




! ; 



6» 



VICTOR 1. 1 //,/, VSTRA TEH. 



W 



li 



Molson's Bank, Ci>mmiTi'ial Rank nf Manitoba and Hank 
of Nova Scotia. In tin.' I'mtoil Slates llicy arc roprc- 
sontoil by the I?ank of Montreal in New N'ork and (.'hica^jo. 

Collections are carelully attenilcd to, anil a j,'eneral 
bankinj;; business is transacteil. llie bank receives ile- 
pi.isits for fixed perioils, and will snpply information as to 
rate of interest, eic, upon application. 

HANK OK MOMRHAI.. 

This ^reat corporation has recently opened a branch 
at Victoria, and t'anipbell Sweeney, senior niana>,'er for 
the Coast, and nianajier of the \'ancouver branch, 
opened the new branch \^\\ the first of last .\pril. The 
Bank of Montreal was in- 
corporated by .Act of Par- 
liament in 1817, with a paid 
up capital oi Si 2,(xxi,(xio, 
and a •-e-^erve fund o{ 
$f>,ooo,ooo, with head office 
in Montreal. Wk^w. Sir Pon- 
ald .\. Smith, K.f. .M.Ci., is 
president, and the Hon. (i. 
.\. Ilrummond is vice-presi- 
dent. The other directors 
are: (iilbert Scott, .\. T. 
Paterson, Hu^'h McLennan, 
!•:. K. Cireenshields, \V. C". 
.MclX^nald, lion. j. J. C. 
.Xbbi'tt and K. H. .\nj;us. 
1^. S. Cloustc'n is j^ener.'l 
manaijer, and .\. MacNider 
is chief inspector and super- 
intendent oi branches. The 
corporation has thirly-lhree 
branches situated in the prin- 
cipal cities and towns iif 
Canada, and others in the 
L'nited Suites, Hnf,'land and 
Scotland. In 1KS7 they es- 
tablished a branch at \an- 
couver, and, in order ti' 
meet the demand, they 
established another at New 
V\'e s t m i n s t e r, u n d e r t h e 
nianaj;ement of li. I). Hrym- 
ner. The Hank of Montreal 
li;is a S.-ivinj^^s Department in connectii-n with its regular 
business, allow in}.j interest t.\\\ deposits at 4 per cent., and 
also issues special interesl-be;irin).j receipts. .Mr. \. J. (.'. 
lialletly, who uas fornierl\ mana^^er at Mranttord, (.'>nt., 
has assumed mana;4ement i^i the Victori.a br.incli. 

HANK K'^V IIKirrslI NllKTII A.MMKILA. 

This banking house w;ts established in iS^i, and in 
1840 it was incorporated by royal charter, with a capital 
stock of j£"i, 000, 000 sterlinjj. Its serve fund amounts 
to ;£j205,(KHi sterling. In iH|^() a br.mch was established 
in X'ictoria. They do a j.;eneral banking' business, in.;ludiny 
foreign exchange m\ all parts of the world. They have 




M.VVOK JOHN l.KANr, M. IV 



also a Savings Oeparlment, where interest is allowed on 
time deposits of any amount. ,Mr. (iavin llaniilton Iturns 
is the manager here, and for the p.ist thirteen years he has 
been with the X'ictoria branch of the concern. 

I. \Hi:si III:, i.i<i:i;n .wd co. 

In 187.^, Wells, l''argo it C"o. 's Hank was taken over 
by this firm, which was then established on \';ites street, 
but suhsei|iiently removed to liovernment street, where' 
at the corner >^'i I'rouiice .ixenue, they are to erect their 
new building, which is three stories in height, having a 
frontage of (m> feet on liin ermiient and Hroail streets, and 
240 feet on Trounce avenue. This is the only house 

V liich purchases gold dust 
it market rates, and in any 
case it has to pass through 
their hands. '1 hey attend 
to all of Wells, i-argo .t 
Co. s business here, give 
letters of credit, bills oi ex- 
change, and have facilities 
for drawing direct on over 
io,()oi> cities in the l'nited 
St.ites, Canada, Kurope, 
.M e N i c o a 11 d C h i 11 a . M r. 
(iaresche died in 1874, and 
after that lime Mr. tireen 
had the entire manag^ement 
oi the firm's business until 
his ileatli, on the Jlsl of 
September last, and it was 
, owing to his popularity and 
positive integrity that the 
busines-N was built to its 
present immense propor- 
tions Althotif^h not .1 cli;ir- 
tcreil banU.the capit.il I f this 
firm is eipial to that of many 
if the chartered banks c{ 
I'lastern Canada, and is re- 
gardeil as the largest private 
banking house in the no- 
minion. Nir. !•'. H. Worlock, 
who w.is tormeily the as- 
sistant manager, ami is now 
manager of the bank, is a 
man of large experience in banking, of great courtesy, 
and very popular among the cili/ens o\ Victoria. 

.\s SHOW iNi. the manner in w hii h the volume olilei lared 
exports from the port of Victoria to the Cnited Slates lias 
increased of late ye.irs, the subjoined figures obtained from 
the .Vmericaii Coiisul.ite in this citv will be of interest : 



\ r.ir iiiilint; Jiiiu' jo, 1S.S5, . . 

SW) , . 

1KK7... 

ISKK . 



$2,.'(.7,(.,S5 .Si 
. 3,3<)i,4.j7 Sr. 

. 2,jh4,22i .)() 

. 2,fi24,()oi) iS 






l8«9 2.72i),ij<>S 77 

iSfio 2,472, ijr; 16 

1891 J, Iu2,l82 9J 





MK. A. C. IMMKUI i:i,T. 

VH1-I'rf.;,l.r I H.vir.l ,.f Tr.1,1.-. 



MK. Ui^lll A DAVIKS, 
Prfsjdi-nl Ro>nl Juhiliv llospitnl. 



i 






b 




'flMH 


V 


\ 


^^^^^^^^^^K'<jE^Hb 


, 


1; 


1 %^ M 


^ 




k V 






1 '^'IWM 


-jM 


mm-' '■:;.i 


''*'"-'^' 







\>U. (.. A. Mll.M, M. i'. 1'. 



MK. N. SllAKKSrEAUt, 
Pi>Rt master. 



i-KTOK/.\ r/./.rsrh'.WFn. 



1. ' 






11 IF. VAN'COUVKU ISLAND MIM'S. 

mi; wiii.i.iNiiroN ioi.i,ii:kii:s. 
The Wi'lliiij^lini MiiK's .iro at llio prosoDt hi'in^ 
aiilM.'l\ winkoil, ami thai town liuiks i'\oi) mori- pruspii- 
oiis tliaii botiTi' iIk- iinploasaiitiioss nt" last siimmor. I'lu' 
ilomaiul lor tho wt'll-kiunvii ^V^.•llin^'ton loal is as ^jroat as 
ex or it was, tlu' output hiiiij^ ixily j,'in oriu'il In tlu' laiili- 
lies lor transp.irtatioii. Uporations arc hoiiif;; ii>iuluitoil 
al'tor the oKI cstahhshfd and rolialilc in ct hods, aiul thi- 
niininj,' i-oninuinity licrcabinits appears lo lie happy and 
eontented. Ot' late the town has been \ery inueh im- 
pro\ed, ami nuniermis additions have been made lo the 
list o'i iiidixiilual property owners, while the company's 
houses are occupied by thrifty and eli),'ible tenants. The 
Li>mpanv's store has been tr.msferreil to Mr. Cooke, for- 
merly of \'ictoria, and i.in ihe townsite reserve Mr. I It. 
I., [ones has opened a shop for the sale of ^jener.il floods. 

.\t No. 5 shaft 
some i(X> men are 
employed, the re- 
sult of whose l.nbors 
is about 4-i<' tiMis a 
day. 'I'heventil.itin^' 
apparatus is cap- 
able of supplyinj,' 
I jj.cxx) cubic leet 
of air per minute. 
Recently a new feat- 
ure developed itself 
i n o II e slope i n 
which the miners 
were workinjj. .A 
most promisinj.^ 
seam, from seven to 
ten feet thick, was 
struck, which runs 
in an altO(,'ether dif- 
ferent direction. A 
shaft now takes the 
place of the old 
slope, and its workin^j is extremely satisfactory to the 
company, as well as to the pit boss, Mr. Jones. This 
shaft is the only one at the colliery which is directly 
connected with the main line of the railway to \'ic- 
toria, and in ciinsequence it supplies the demand 
which conies from th.it city. New and most effective 
haulage machinery and apparatus have been put dinvn- 
the new slope. The shaft is about 300 feet deep, ami 
vvdrks over an area of about two miles. The mine is 
divided into five sections, known as Ihe Slope Piaj.jonal, 
the I-;ast Side, the West Side, the He.idin^,' .iiul the New 
Strike. .Miniiif,' is here carried on on the pillar and stall 
system, except on the slope, where the I. on^veorth method 
is in vofjue. 

No. 4 has recently received ;i consider.ible aniouiU of 
new machinery, including' a pair of coupled direct tacking 
entwines. The mine produces an averaj^e of 551) tons per 
day, and employs iix) men. Workings cover u very con- 




MOIII. l>VI,l.\>- 



siderable area, and the i rilinary height of the seam is 
seven feet, aiul the pillar and stall plan is the one upon 
which the mine is operated. James Sharp is the pit 
boss, and Ihe ventilalitm of his men is supplied by 
extra larj;e fans, producing i_v>,<<'><> cubic feel of air per 
minute. 

The newest shaft. No. fi, is down yni feel, a magnifi- 
cent seam of ci'.i' having been reacheil .(.bout two years 
agii. The output is in the vicinity >.■>( 450 tons per day, in 
the proiluction of which about iSo men are employed, 
under the direction of Mr. .Andrew Itryden. As in the 
other mines, the ventilatii'ii is of the be>.t. The shaft is 
beiiig^ rapidly ilevelopeil in all directions, and it is expected 
very shortly lo turn out not less than 700 Ions per ilav. 
It is regariUil .is being the greatest shaft in the ilistrict, 
,ind preparations are being made to work it lo its fullest 
capacitv. 0\\ the west side iil it the pillar ami si. ill 
system is employed, and on Ihe other side Ihe men work 

iin Ihe l.ongvvurth 
pl:in. 

Most of the coal 
produced .it Wel- 
lington is sent ov er 
the company 's own 
line to Depart lire 
Hay, where they 
have three shipping 
wh.irves, at which 
the l.irgCsl ocean 
vessels, some of 
them carrying 5,(kx) 
tons, are loaded and 
dispatched to .ill 
parts of the world, 
the shipping accom- 
modations being the 
very best on the 
coast. 

.\ new shaft is 
being sunk for the 
company by Mr. 
James llaggart, between Departure Hay and Wellington, 
to what is known to be a large and exlen-.ive seam, vvlucb 
is expected to be reached about the New N'ear, and vv ill 
adtl materially to the output of the comp.'iny. 

.Mr. John Hryden is general manager and Mr. .\lex- 
amler Sharp, mine superintendent. 

K.VST WKI.I.INtiTON I'OI.LIKRIHS. 

Situated at ICast Wellington, about four miles from 
Nan.iimo. are Ihe l'!ast Wellington (.'ollieries, the pri'perly 
of tile I'^asl Wellinglon Coal Company of San Franciscii ; 
.Mr. Will. S. Chandler is llie superintendent. Il.iving 
given the details of the other principal mines in this vici- 
nity it will be only necessary to add that the output o\ 
these mines is similar to Ihe others and lliat they are 
worked upon .1 modern basis ; the coal is of a similar 
qu.ility, and the mines are paying haiulsoinely and sup- 
porting a very considerable population at this point. 



* -. «.' 



*«V.'K»"-.'; *«»P'«'*t'— "^ 1' - ^«^|s■u 




MK CHAN !■;. Kl.Dll-.kN 




U. K KKK. 





I \1 1 w. !;. ( l.AKki;, 

Marlxu .M.iMlt. 



MR. A. K. M1I.NK, 

Ct'Uivtor i4 Customs. 



■MHIfii 



^U T 



'Tsqesvpmmrmnipvnw 



66 



VK'TOKrA rr.rjrsTRATKn. 



TIIK I'NIDN lOI.I.lKHII'.S. 

The I'nioti Minos, or as tlioy aro spokoii nf by iniiiiy 
as the t'omox mines, arc situate at I'nii'ii, witiili is a 
short distanco from the vilhi};j of Com.ix, or rather the 
settlement of t'ourlney. Union is a thriving; mining,' town, 
the iiouses hein(| ranjjed aloit^j the main niail which Ira- 
verses the piaee, others, as it were, beinjj set down in a 
rather promiscuous manner amonjj the hlaclcened slumps. 
There is an air i.i( newness about the whole place which is 
rel'reshin),', but the appearance i>t' the miners K'oin^ lo or 
cominj; from the work ot their eif,'ht-hour shifts, ami the 
populace that traverses the thorou^jhlare, demonstrate 
that there is real, enerjjelic life, which is putlin^j forth its 
ertorts in an important (.leparlmeiit of industry. The 
trains of coal cars continually passing and re-passin^j on 
the railway leadinjj to the wharves, and other incidentals, 
enable one easily to 
locate the scene of 
operations. ,\t No. 
4 slope they were at 
the time of w ritin^ 
jfettin^t>ul between 
400 and jcx) tons of 
coal per day, and 
were expectin),' to 
considerable aug- 
ment t h e output 
without delay. Near 
the entrance to the 
slope is an eij,Oit\- 
ton railway wei>,'li- 
in(f machine. It is 
at the foot of the 
main chute, ;iiul 
weij^hs only the coal 
as it is screened and 
loaded on the c.irs, 
the remainder beinf,' 
take n a w a y b y 
means of elevators 
and deposited in 
bunk.Ts, tobeclean- 
ed and then turned to ad\anlaf.;e. Moreover, what is lunv 
practically thrown away, is by the washing; process 
expected to be made availalile for consuinplion lo the 
extent of about sixty per cent., so that the existing; loss 
on the entire output of twenty-fi\e per cent, is expected to 
be reduced to not more than ten. This process of wash- 
injf is very simple. The refuse is ajjitaled in the process 
by what is termed a plunf,'er, the iivailable fuel beinj^ 
broufjht to the lop. No. 4 slope is in about 450 yards, 
the incline at the entrance beinj,' about one in seven, which 
is nowhere exceeded. In this mine there are in full opera- 
tion two branches runnin^;^ from the main ^an^way, pro- 
ducing; lar^je supplies of the best coal. Another br.inch, 
which is almost ready, will ^ive another 2(« tons per day, 
and so soon as the necessary works have been completed 
the output will be run up to i,2cx) to 1,41x1 tons per d.iy. 
The coal, whereM'r il has been tried, is tlu>ut,'ht very 




lOUKU. I 01. 1 I 1,1.. 



much of, having; a very hi^;h per ceni. of carbon anil a 
minimum ol ash. 

I'he appliances in No. .} slope are pri>babl) the best 
lo be found on the Coast. .Amontf these may he men- 
lii>ned the JeflTrey ICIectric I'o.il Mining' Machine, which 
cimsisls of a bed frame, mounted upon which is a sliding 
frame, upon the front end of which is a cutter bar, secured 
with solid steel shoes. The cutter bar contains steel bits, 
which, beiri).; held lirmly a^jainst the face of the coal, forci; 
their way into il and form an undercut to the extent of six 
or seven feet, accordinj; as is the len^,'lh of Ihe sliding; 
frame. The motor is placed directly on lop ol the carrl- 
a),'e of the cutter, the power bein^' tr.insmilleil from the 
armature shall lo the Uiwer ilri\e shaft by means of sleel 
cut ^jear. The current required is from yt to 50 ampires, 
at a pressure of 220 volls, each motor bein^r able to 

ilevelope fully (ifteen 
horse power. The 
armature is calcu- 
lated to run at a 
speed of KX) revo- 
Ititions per minute, 
the cutter bar work- 
iri).; 2(x) revolutions. 
The momentum is 
such that ordinary 
obstructions are not 
perceptible, and the 
machine runs steail- 
ily and ipiietl) , run- 
II in^ out its full 
Kiijjih of six feet in 
lue minutes easily. 
The face each cut 
iii\ ers is three feet 
li\ e ifulies, so it « ill 
readily be seen how 
short a time is taken 
lo undercut a seam 
and make it ready 
lor the miners ti> j^o 
to work with their 
picks and explosives. It lakes, of course, a lew minutes 
lo move the machine in froiil ol Ihe face of Ihe coal and 
set it to work ajjain, tixinj,' the teeth, etc., but at I'nion 
as m.'iny as Ihirlv cuts have been made by one of them in 
ei>,'ht hours, each of them six feet deep by three feet live 
inches in width. Moreover, an adviint;i).^e is that the coal 
il m.ikes is principally larf^e coal, there beinj; no less than 
twenty per cent, more lumps obtained. 

The coal is unexcelled for cokinj;. Ihe washed slull 
priiducinj; an excellent quality of il. 'Ihe seam averajjcs 
from seven lo ei^ht feet in ^ood soliil ci'al, and the ven- 
tilation of Ihe mine is perfect with the aid ii'i Ihe (iuibal 
fan, which is in use all over Kn(;land. The fans for this 
and Ihe other mines were built by the .\lbion Iron Works, 
\'ictoria, where ;ilso ,1 Murphy fan was erected for them. 
In this mine, by the use of the most improved machinery, 
labor can be turned to its very best .idvant.i^'e. The 



<..ij'; - 



*-=;^ 





MU. I l{.\M I^ Itiil K( IIIKK. 



MR. ( IIAUI.l S IIAVWAKD, 
Clutirnuii) hvlKKtl IKvtrJ, 



1 



\ — 





iiDN. Roiir. i;i,AVi.N, M. 1'. r. 



MK. II. y. IIKISTER.MAN. 



i^-U^'JU^j- •--'-'-■J * '' -J*" x i iM i' li in i I I I " I I ' ' 



i 



68 



VICTORIA H.r.USTRA TED. 






\ sU 



hauling' from the mines is ail done by means ol" a tail io| .', 
its capacity beinfj- i/nly limited hy t.i>-- power applied to it. 
The pr.'seiit engine and machinery are equal to 2.00C1 tons 
in ten hours, the rope extending from Hie hauling drums 
to a distance of at least two miles. :uul penetrating the 
difterent branches of the mine. Owe of the special ad\ m- 
tages of this system of h.iuling is that the qnestioi, oi 
grades is of very little importance, it being possible to 
follow a seam of coal anywhere, thus creating an immense 
savmg in pushers and mules, only about seven of the 
latter being employed in the mine. In every department 
<he most modern appliances are used, the pumping, 
coal cutting, and a considerable amount of the lighting 
being done by electricity. The electric power house is 
situated about 450 feet from the mir. \ the dwiamos being 
of eighty horse power, 250 volt pressure, and 300 amjiires 
force, the engine 
being the " '<'. ;d," 
built in Illinois spec- 
ially for electric 
work. It is 100 
horse power, high 
speed, and a self 
oiler. Before long 
all the stalls will be 
lighted with eK ri- 
city, as well as ihe 
main wor .ings, in 
which tlie men are 
engaged in posses- 
sion of al' the facili- 
ties and appliances 
that it is possible 
to supply. 

No I s.ope ccn- 
tains a fo\ir feet 
seam of tiie same 
qualityofcoal;tsN\i. 
\. It is worked in 
th > old style of mi.i- 
ing, is ventilated by 
a Mur hy fan, and 
has a daily outpoi of 230 'o 250 tons. There ha\e be^n 
some ditliculties and delays caused by faults in the seam, 
which have all disappeared, and the prodi ctio.i bids fair 
to be considerably >ncr>'i.>ed. 

In No. I tunne! no hoisting machinery is rei|uiiv'd, 
everything- be.ng on the evol. Ii is worked by Chinese 
entirely, under the direction of tlie o\crmap, Mr. .\llaii. 
The Chines- w.irk well, are gMod, careful miners, and 
produce lure .iboui v-xiy tons per day. This seam, which 
is only about three Jeet dee*-, is .ibout 3110 feet above the 
level 0!" the other mines, and contains a diflereni quality 
ot coal. The tunnel goes in about 250 y.nrds, inil is ve'i- 
tilated from .'he furnace. 

At No. -K slope, which is very pronvisinj', they are 
clearing at tlie pithead in order to start operations next 




Ki;sii>i.\i 1; or in: 



.-.nd expect to get out coal very soon. There is here one 
of the tinest outcroppings, which is onlv equalled by that 
o'i a similar mine in Nova Scotia. 

.\ ra.lway of 12,'j miles connects the.se mines with the 
rnion wharves, to which the coal is conveyed on cars of 
twenty-P.ve tons capacity, fifty more of which are being 
built to meet the existing demand. .\t thes.- wharves the 
largest vessels can load. The Messrs. Dunsmuir own 
half the I'nion mines, and Messrs. Stanford, Cook and 
Ilunlingt'.'ii, t!ie other half. The Southern PaLilic Railway 
have a standing contract for all the coal the mines can 
produce, and would take very much more if they could 
only obtain 't. It is co: >cyed to San Francisco by the 
c.ipacious steamers San Honito and San IVdro. Mr. W. 
Little is manager of the mi.'.es. 

KOIllKirK M.AMFAC-TllKV. 

.At I'nion a local 
company has estab- 
lished , under t he 
management of Mr. 
■^dam Hogarth, a 
factory for the pro- 
duct'.m of the com- 
paratively new ex- 
plosive known as 
roburite. It is one 
of Ihe mo<' power- 
liil .ij.'ents, never- 
tiiele-.s it i', inll:ttn- 
mable and perfectly 
in.-.ctive and liann- 
li ss until connected 
with the detonator. 
It can be fired in 
gas or water, and 
tor the purp.iscs of 
Ciial cutting partic- 
ularly its effective- 
ness is said to h>-. .is 
4 to I coni;iared 
« ith ordina-y pow- 
der. I lie headquar- 
ters of the original Roburite C"o. , troin which manufacturing 
right-- for H itish Columbia hav e been obtained, are in l.iin- 
lion, the wo ks beint^ at (iat)uirst, near Wigaii, Lanarkshire. 
So little pri liuctixe of danger was the maiuilacture regarded 
as being, hat the factory was allowed to be put up and 
operaied alongside the Lancashire and N'orkshire railway 
at (iathiirst. One porliiiii of the factory, which employs 
about 250 h.iiuls, is just across the Leeds and Liverpool 
c.'inal, the product being very consiilcrable, two tons on ;in 
average being daily exported. At I'liioii the capacity of the 
woik- are about .•,(>ii<> pounds in the ordinary working 
day of e ght hours. The machinery and appliances at 
I'nion are in every way ..-omplete. The company have 
numerous certificates from tUd C'oin>try mining companies 
and miners' lirganizalions tli.it roburite is unsurpassed, if, 



All; \. A. i.mi.N. 



tsStW" J 



month. The seam is one of four feet, the coal hei.ig of iiiueed, it is equalled by any other explosive for sirength, 



i. 



client 



quality. 



Ih 



ey are nuw U. wn about jix> )ards, smokelessnes;., a:.il, it the same time, 



afely. 



k 



' 



; 'IC TORI. I ILL USTR. I TED. 



69 



■^t[ '-* 



NANAIMO. 



TIIFC HLACK DIAMDND CITY AND TIIK VANTOIV I'.R COAL 
COMPANY. 



in the subterranean strata, and other causes, together 
effected di.scourajjing- results, so that the total output 
between 1862 and 1883 only ranged between 20,000 and 
90,000 tons per annum, the company's misfortunes having 
culminated in 1883, when the outpJt only reached 22,000 
tons. In 1884, under a change of management, the 
outpit rose to 103,000 tons, and has steadily increased. 



PKRFI.APS the greatest resource of X'ancouver Island is 
her immense coal seams, which are the most cele- 
brated, both for their output and quality, of any on the Pacific til! the year of i8gc has seen 389,000 tons of coal brought 
Coast ; and it is to this fact that the city of Nanaimo owes into the light of day. Of this vast quantity, 286,000 tons 
her existence. Nanamio was practically founded in 1856 were exported, 49,000 distributed in local sales, and the 
by the Hudson Bay Company, when the first coal was balance absorbed in running the thirty odd engines of the 
taken out ; but w.is not incorporated until 1874. It is company itself, which use an average of 100 tons per day. 
situated on the shores of the Straits of Cieorgia, and occu- 'Die capital of the company has been slightly augmented, 
pies the most eastern point of \'ancouv,'r Island. No more but by no means to correspond with the vast increase of 
beautif'il view could be conceived of than that stretching its business. 

away from its feet ; sever.il islands form a rampart ag.iinst The company has at present five mines, four of which 

the waves and v. inds of the Straits, and keep the waters ai,^ in active operation since 1884. No. i shaft is run to a 

of the h'-".;i'iiiul harbor at all times placid. The scene depth of 620 feet, and tunnelled out under the bay to a 



across the islands and 
Straits is, on a clear 
day, one of marked 
grandeur, and gives a 
fine view of the saw- 
toothed and snow-cap- 
ped peaks of the Sel- 
kirks of British Colum- 
bia, and o f M o i n t 
Baker, of the Cascades, 
the second highest peak 
of Washington. 

The city contains a 
population of about 
9,(xx) souls, is provided 
with six churches of 
variou; denomina- 
tions, two good schools 
\\.M\Q a high and the 
other a gram m a r 
school), a very pretty 
opera house, and 
twenty-four hotels; 
electric light arul gas, 

as also a good water works system, aie among the con- 
veniences. 

\\'hen one considers that there are ten. coal mines 
tributary to Nanaimo, and furnishing a monthly pay-roll 




THK IMON ll.rH, VICTOKI.V. 



distance of over 3,000 
yards ; drills are at 
work sinking a shaft 
on Protection Island to 
connect with the mine, 
on account of the vast 
extent of which much 
or the ship-loading will, 
in the future, be done 
from the Island. The 
coal furnished from this 
mine is excellent for 
gas; it burns to a red 
ash, and will make 
1 1 ,000 feet of gas to 
tiie ton, giving a fine 
coke and 22-candle il- 
luminating power. 
Shaft No. 3, which is 
about one mile to the 
south of No. I, and the 
Southfield shaft, which 
is tinee mites further 
south, are .all on the 
same vein as No. 1, the Southfield, however, furnishing 
a coal bette'- adapted for steam purposes. The Northfield, 
another oi the company's properties, is 4'j miles to the 
north i>f Shaft No. i, and is a Wellip..rton coal, being 



of about $175, cxx), not to speak of the great number of somewhat harder than the others. The trend of the veins 



sailors from the steamers, and sail-craft from all portions 
of the globe, cro'V Jlig the thoroughfares at all times, and 
spending llieir iioney freely, it is hardly to bv- wiMulered 
at that the city is in a flourishing condition, and growing 
rapidly; but it may be said that it owes its prosperity, 
inileed, its existence, to the 

NT.W \ .VNlOlVliK COM, lOMPANV, 

which bought its mines from the Hudson Hay Company 
in |8«)2, and has made them, e\er since, the main resource 
atul support of the bulk iif its inhabitants. 

I\ir several years aftei its inception, the company was 
f'•'■"H^J''"^^ against niaii\ ;Illlicullies. Natural "faults" 



of the mines is a ost level with the su; face rising to the 
west .md then ilipping to the east, at .in angle of five degrees. 

The present daily production of these four mines is as 
follmvs : 

No. I sh.ift (xKi tons 

No. 3 shaft 300 " 

Smithlield 8cxi " 

Northfield 500 " 

Total 2100 " 

Thi" 'nines have double shafts for ventilation, and are 
almiist iiilally free from gas. Most of the property inter- 



li*^ 



70 



VICTORIA ILLUSTKA TED. 



r J 



1 



veninfj is owned by the company, whose landed ai: .1 
mineral estate exceeds _^o,cxx) acres. They formerly ownei' 
the whole of N'anaim,'), and still hold a larf,'^e part of it 
tojjether with Newcastle, Protection, and three or tour 
other islands lyinjj along the coast. 

The miners, exceptinj'' those at Nortlifield, all live in 
Nanaim.1, the company ninninfj work trains from the city 
to its outlyinj;f mines, which enable its employees to have 
the comforts of city life. The railroads connectinjj the 
shafts with the bi^j coal wharves at Nan.iims are all oi the 
^ tandard gaiig'e, ensiirinij complete intercommunication 
with 'he Ksquimait & Nanaimo Railroad, a privilcj;e oi 
which the other mininjj companies, havinj; independent 
fjauj^'es of their own, are deprived. It maybe mcniioned 
that the proprietors oi this railroad have slunvn a most 
friendly spirit to the New Vancouver Company in fi'rnish- 
\n^ sidinj^^s and other facilities for traffic. 

No. I shaft is termed the Hastlield, or Ksplanade, 
while No. J is termed the (."base River. The Ivsplanade 
mine is the picturestjue 
feature of Nanaimo. Its 
loft) and massive chim- 
;.^y pouring fv^rth bl; 1 - 
smoke all the day long, 
its great fuinaces and 
boilers, its magiiiticent 
engines made by Olix er, 
at Chesterfield, Kng- 
hind, and the endless 
steel cable hoisting the 
coal cars up from the 
depths at the rate of half 
a mile a minute all are 
striking features to the 
casual passer by. This 
shaft goes down for txx) 
feet, and there .ire over 
10 miles of drift pass- 
;iges and slopes con- 
necting with its foot. The engines can hoist i,(xx)tons 
in 8 hours, besides pumping w.iler if required. 

'I'he output i)f the SouthtieU' is to be largelv augmented 
by the sinking of a third shaft, while the completion of ;i 
third shaft at the .N'ortlilield will about double its present 
capacity. 

.Most of the coal is shipped to San |-"rancisco, siinie ot 
it, however, going to Southern Califorria, the Sandwich 
Islands, Oregon, Hritish Columbia, and even ;o the 
I'uget Sound cities, within sight of the Washington coal 
field The I'acitic Mail sleaniships are now using it 

allogethi -. The .- outhern Pacific Railroad use it in part. 
The t'>.egori Improvemerr Ci>nipany, though a co.il pro- 
ducer itself, buys the Vancouver coal for its steamships 
;ind for its retiiil trade. The (ias C'ompjiny used it 
exclusively for a few years back, and still draws regular 
supplies. And from San Krancisco it is shipped to all the 
towns tributary ti> that metropolis. 

How tloes It get there.-' In \iiuri^.i;i b '■' itns prin- 
cipally. Tiie tiarbor o{ Nanaimo is never dv -rU'il, aiul 




I'll AIH s 11011:1 



generally four or five ships may be seen there all after 
their cargoes of coal. The company alone has over 
i()o,fXKi tons of shipping under charter, and other ships 
are chartered by the buyers, or come on their own account. 
In all, a fleet of 170 steamers and vessels were engaged 
last year in transporting the coal, with an aver.ige carry- 
ing capacity of i,f)oo tons. 

It may be imagined that with such a demand, even 
the extensive mines of the company are inadequate. Such 
is the case, and many orders had to be declined, especially 
during the past year. 

White laboi only is employed. 

When the present drifts from the Ksplanade shaft 
reach the new shaft, at Protectit)n Island, they will be 
ciiniinued out to sea under the Straits of (ieorgia. In ten 
years it is thought they will be out three or four miles 
under the Straits, and still making seaward The other 
sh.ifts are being started at N'ortlilield and Southlield. 

The New N'ancouver Ci>mpany's head oflice is in 

London, and John tials- 
worthy, I'^sq., is its 
president. It has branch 
olVues at San I'raiicisco 
aiul most ol the coast 
cities, lis vast interests 
at Nanaimo are uiukr 
the control of S. M. 
Robins. I'^sq., the gen- 
eral superintendent. 
This V 's the first com- 
pany to introduce di i- 
niund boring appliances 
on the Pacific coast. It 
has put dmvn altogether 
2_?,<xx> feel (nearly live 
miles) iif bore holes. It 
runs over V) engines, ot 
which sever. il have bectl 
made by the .\lbion Iron 
Work-., i>f \'icti>ria. One hundred and forty mules p.iss 
a n'elancli.ilv existence in the bowels >.■>( the earth. 

The empltiyees of the company number about i,4(xi. 
The miners work about eight hours a day, and are almost 
universally contented and prosperous. The ciimpaiiy 
have rarely had any disputes with their employees, nor do 
they intend that the miners shall have just cause for 
complaint. 

I am indebtevi lo the courtesy oi .Mr. Robins, and, 
tliriiugh him. Mr. Win. .Mctireg>r, for an instructive trip 
through Shalt \o. 1, and must say that the pra'.se 
bestowed on every hand at N.inaimo, upon the company's 
m.inagement, speaks well of the policv i.''^ Mr. Robins' 
.'tdmiiiislr.'ition. .Manufactuie has been encouraged, and 
everything possible is being ilone by the ciimpany which 
can l>e done to make N.in,iiiiu> a gre.il cilv. 
ii.VMii.ios I'ovvnm wukks. 
The works ,it i!u' llamillon Powder Cvimp.mv are 
situated at Norlhlield, about four miles from Nanainuv, 
upon a ids-.icre reserve of land, .iboul 5110 jarils from the 



i'.oi.nsrK!:A\i. 



1 •* 

r 



-^MiM 



"• ^^ ^."■"«* < 



rr 
> 
v. 

> 
■y. 







72 



VICTORIA /[.LUSTRA TF.D. 



A ' 



main Wellington road ; the E. & N. Railway track being 
on one side of the property and the New X'ancouver Coal 
Company's line to Departure Hay on the other. Here are 
manufactured targe cjuantities of blasting powder, the 
apparatus, which is of the latest and best, having a 
capacity of 150 twenty-five pound kegs during the twenty- 
four hours. The buildings are necessarily of the most 
substantial description, some of the machinery being very 
ponderous. It is the intention to enter largely into the 
production of sporting powder. At Dep.irture Hay, 
on property secured from the Messrs. Dunsmuir, the 
company have works for the production of dynamite and 



Straits of Fuca with those of Georgia, the one the 
entrance to the I'uget Soimd country, the other the 
approach 'o the most westerly Uritish possession on the 
North .American continent. .Ml vessels passing in either 
direction I're obliged to sail within sight of her, on which 
account the tju.'en City is the most eligible point for the 
handling and distribution of cargoes for a very consiiler- 
able distance on the Norlhern Pacific C"oast. Heavy ocean 
craft have neither to traverse the tortuous Haro Catial, 
nor the equally difficult Rosario Strait, to reach X'ictoria, 
while under more satisf.ictory commercial and shipping 
arrangements it could not fail to be more advantageous. 




i-;. i;. I'KIOK .\M) 10., HAUDUAUI. AND I AKMlSu i Mill \ri: V TS. 



Other high explosives, the demand for which is very con- 
siderable. The general manager in Mritisli Columbia Tor 
this influential company is .Mr, H. J. Scott, whose office is 
on Wharf Street, \'ictoria. 

TRANSPORTATION FACIUTIIIS. 

Although Victoria is situated upon an island, anil by 
those processes which are peculiar to diplomats has been 
separated by a considerable distance frimi the Mainland of 
the I'rovince of which the Island of N'ancouver forms a 
part, no one can fail to be impressed wilh the command- 
ing position which she occupies at the junction of the 



and much more safe, tv' tranship cargoes at some pouit 
such .IS this, and lighten them to and fri>m the dilVerent 
pi'ints of distribution along Ailmiralty Inlet, and from one 
end of the Souiul ti> ihe other. Indeed, tho Americans 
li.ive fully recognized this, and le.iding cili/eiis h.ive not 
been slow li> declare that, but lor the accident of 
geographical, or rallier territorial, location, Victoria 
would be the most impi>rlant sea pi'rl on ih • Pacific, north 
of San Francisco, l-'ailing ol this pre-requisite, there are 
m.iny patriotic cili/ens of the adjoining Republic whi> have 
fixed (heir eyes upon .Anacorles and Port (Jardner, while 
others li.ive tii-ned Iheir atteiilion to Porl .\ngeles, on the 
Straits. 



>-M---— ^. ^ 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



73 



I * 



The C'.in.Kli:iii Pacific Railway is connected with that, had he lived, this railway would have now been built, 
Victoria by means oi steamers runiiin(j; to Vancouver and and that the line to the east via Bute Inlet, of which he 
New Westminster. Victoria turnishes C"an;ula's overland was the chief promoter, would he well oi, the road to corn- 
railway with the (greater proportion of the throuj^h freij^ht pletion. 

to and from the Coast. The Northern Pacific and the So far as railways arc concerned, Victoria's pooj^ra- 

Union Pacific systems are also connected with Victoria by phical situation is such that any line building to the Straits 

palatial steamers, furnishiiij^ a continuous daily service. or Coast lor ;i hundred miles north or south of X'ictoria 

The former road receives a tair proportion of the freij,'lu to will directly benefit this city. 

and from this point. The I'nion Pacific will in the course T'le Canadian Pacific Navifjation Company, besides 

of the next two years advance do-, 'r to X'ictoria than any operating; the steamers connecting' with the Canadian 

other railway, the line now being hi'ilt to the north from Pacific Railway, also run a line of boats along the northern 

Portland and along Hood's Canal, which will terminate at coast to the .Alaska boundary, giving Victoria connection 

Port .Angeles, twenty miles opposi;e Victoria, in the with all points of trade on N'ancouver and Queen Charlotte 

Straits of Kuca. The Great Northern Railway is pushing Islands and Mainland. .An occasional steamer is also 

towards the Co.ist, and .vill be conii' ed by steamer with dispatched to the west coast of Vancouver Island, to the 



X'ictoria at the near- 
est available point 
Anacortes or Port 
(iardner. 

It is the aim of 
X'ictoria to fulfil the 
first intention of the 
Canadian liovern- 
ment, and connect 
itself with the east 
by means oi a rail- 
way, running north 
on the I s 1 a n d 1 1> 
Seymour .Narrows, 
crossing by bridge 
to Kute Inlet, and 
thence by the old 
C. P. R. route to 
X'elK>\\ head Pass 
and the east of the 
mountains. .A rail- 
was is now being 
built tinv.ird ihe 
mountains, ".hich is 
expected to finally 
terntinale at X'ic- 
toria. That city 
stands prepared to 




lUAii Oil 11 1:, i!.\NK 111- )u>ntri:ai,, montri-.m., p. g. 



.Alberni settlement. 
This is becoming so 
well settled that a 
regular service will 
shortly be inaugu- 
rated. 

The steamships 
of the C. P. R. and 
Upton linesgiveX'ic- 
toria frequent com- 
munications with 
Japan and China. 
The Chinese head- 
quarters for British 
Columbia are here, 
and an extensive 
trade is done with 
the Orient. Goods 
by the I'pton line 
destined for Puget 
Sound are tranship- 
ped at this port. 

The E. & N. R. 
R. Co. make regular 
connections with 
Co in ox and way 
ports on the e.'ist 
coast bvthe steamer 



encourage the project with a cash bonus and otherwise to Isabel. .A fast and handsome steamer is now being built 

by them at the .Albion Iron Works, of this city. 

ICnglish staple goods and liquors are brought here by 
a fieet oi fast sailing ships, the n oyage from Kngland via 
Cape Horn taking from uxo to 150 d.iys. These ships are 
principally loaded with a return cargo o\ canned salmon, 
shipped from this port. This direct ICnglish trade is o( 
consiilerable importance to X'ictoria. 

.A lleet of small steam and .>^ail craft connect with all 
minor points along the coast and islands 

I'rom the foregoing it will be seen that X'ictoria's 



the extent of over two million di'llars. 

Ihe 1^. & N. Railway furnishes communication with 
all points between this city and Nanaimo and Wellington. 

Within the next year it is the intentiim Ko connect the 
Saanich Peninsula oi this Island with X'ictoria by means 
of a si.indard s'''^'^'"' ''■■ electric r.iilway, and run steamers 
from its terminus to the islands and M.iinl.md tiuvns, con- 
necting with the American railway system. 

The Pi'rt Ciescent lmpro\ement Company will build 
a line south from Port Crescent tii connect with the 
Northern Pacific Railway running to Gr.iy's Harbor, and transportation facilities are first-class, and much better 

oria. oper.itinL' than am other pi>int in the Priw ince. These tacilities will 



fnim 



the north side of the Straits into 



sleame 



rs ami ferrv ti' make the connections 



between the constantly be added to by land and water. XVhen a 



two rail ends. 'This w.is the scheme priijected b\ the late 



trans-Pacific line is established with Puget Sound t' 



lion. R. Punsmuir, and there is every rea.son to believe po 



rt will of iiecessitv be the first and last port of call, and 



^^mmmi^ 



■Ji,aiiiiSpmi^/ffiSfiiJiiSiSitii^^ 



74 



VICTOR r A r/J.USTRA TED. 



the siimc is true should the line of steamships between Victoria sealers amounted to 2414^^ skins, twenty-two 
Canada and Austraha be inaiifjurated. The t'aciiities for vessels having cleared for Mehrin^' Sea from this port. 
dockintj the larj^est steamers atloat, and for handlinf^ their There were en),'af;ed in sealinjj in |8S<) twenty-iwo 
carfjoes at R. P. Rithet & fo's docks, are imeiiiialleil on Victoria vessels, and ten forei^fH craft, incliidinj; one 
the Coast. The axerage depth of water in the b.isin at carryiri); the lierman fla(f. The Victoria ves.scls had a 

value of $20<i,tH»), .ind employed close on f)f,i> men. The 
catch amounted as follows: .Sprint^, »>,()i 7 ; .Sand I'liinI, 



dead low sprini^s is twenty-eifjht feet. 

THK SEALING INDUSTRY. 



The import.ince of the seaiinj; industry of N'ictiiria is 
so i^freat and so well recoj^^nized that it does not require 
extended notice in these pa^es. It is less than twenty- 
five years since the sealinjj industry attained any promin- 
ence, prior to which time 
the whole business w.is in 
the hands of the West Coast 
and Queen Charlotte Island 
Indians. In iS8(i the small 
schooner K.ite went sealinj^ 
and trading as the venture 
of a company of Victorians, 
but from all accounts she 
did not accomplish much. 
However, from this period 
the business bej^an to. iniount 
to something;, prominent 
amonfj those who were inter- 
ested in those days beinjj 
Captains J. D. Warren, VV. 
Spring, .\. I.aiiif^ and J. P. 
MacKay. Cnii! i.SSo, how- 
ever, the Victori.i fleet only 
included at the most a half 
dozen sessels, none of them 
visitinjj Behrinjj Sea. In 
1 88 -5 the X'ictoria I-'leet was 
made up of nine vessels, but 
until 1.SH4 .lone of them en- 
tered Hehrinj; Sea, keeping' 
outside the three-mile limit. 
In the succeedinjj years the 
interest attracted much more 
attention, additional vessels 
were built, and schooners 
and hunters were brou^'ht 
alon^; from Nov.i Scoti.i. 

Since iSH() the .\merican ofTicial worrinients have been 
continually practised, on which account the existing,' 
modus vivtiidi has been eiilcred into, and the Sealing 
Commission appointed. Probably there is no ni.in in 
the Province better posted with respect to this entire 
business than the present able and courteous Collector of 
Customs, .Mr. .A. R. .Milne, of \'ictoria, and to him thanks 
are due for inlormation and statistics. In 1SH7 the 
Victoria sealinj;^ lleet numbered twenty-one vessels, of 
which five were seized by the notorious cutter, the Richard 
Rush. Amon^; the seizures that year was that of the W. 
P. Sayward, the c;ise of which is now before the Cnited 
Slates .Supreme I'ourt. In i.SHS the total catch of the 




8,012; Hehrinjj; .Sea, 20,381 ; tot.il, 35,310. In i8<)o 
twentv-nine C'anadian vessels, v:dued with thei"- outfits at 
$2!)5,i».S5, and employin;,^ (178 men, comprised the se.ilin^j 
fleet. They returned, havin)^ made catches as follows : 
Coast, 4,()5o ; Sand Point, it),732 ; Hehrin^j Sea, 18,105; 
tot;d, 3<),547 skins. Six foreijjn schooners, which had 

t.aken 4,148 skins, disposed 
of them to Victoria mer- 
chants, who thus handled 
43,fK)5 seal skins that sea- 
son. In i8<)i the number 
of vessels which went out 
from this port was much 
lar^fer, beinjj forty all told, 
of a value, with their out- 
fits, of $448,450, and c.irry- 
'"K .174 hoats and canoes, 
with ()(i() white men and 3<)8 
Indians. T h e c a t c h was 
5,0,4 1 7 skins, including 4. ' 27 
Coast catch, 17,443 Sand 
Point, and Hehrinj; Sea 
28,7()8. This, it will be at 
once apparent, is a very 
small catch, considerinjj the 
number of schooners and 
men emplojed, and is attri- 
butable to the repressive 
measures adopted by the 
Hritish and Cnited States 
(iovernm-nts. The catch per 
vessel w.is, thus, it: |8<)(), 
equal to i,3*>3 skins per 
\essel, while for i8<)i it 
reached only 1,050. 



ST. .\M)Ki:w s ( K. 



I AIUKDKAt. 



TiiK followint^ statement 
shows the number of letters, 
post cartls ,iiul neusp.ipers, e(c., posted at Victoria durinj; 
one week In the undermentioneil \ears: 

Tiunsienlv 
Ve.ir. IaMIits. I'l 



■St C.ii.K. 



II. . 



IS.SJ f>,oi4 

I'O*! 7.4>J" 

I.S.S4 I. .,824 , 

iKXji I2,96j. 

1SS6 14.916 

1SS7 i(>,<>>7. 

ISSH IJ,JI9 

I.HX9 I.J,«tA . 

|S9» 14.9»9 

1891 19,184 



k>, l'.l|H 

Kic. 
469 



. 204 ....... 

. J66 889 

. 710 I,2t8 

499 979 

. 616 2)219 

6u<i ■•096 

I.2JO 1.559 

• 784 «.3<M 

.1,120 1,418 

1,209 *<'j8 



i 



rrCTOR/A IIJ.VSTRA TED. 



75 



V...< ► 



THH I'ORTKAITS. 

FOI.I.O\VlN(; is ;i hrifl' rL't'irciKc In L-aih of the 
public anil business iiion whnso purl raits are f^iveii 
in Ill's work : 

The Hon. Hui^jh Nelson, I,ieulenant-(io\ernor, is an 
Irishman, having been horn in rH^o in l.arne. County 
Antrim, lie arrived in liritish Columbia in Jinie, 1H5K, 
tollowinf^ niereanlile pursuits until iHM), when he bee.ime 
a member ol the firm of .Moody, Diet/ X: N'elson, lumber- 
men, Murranl Inlet, linally retirinj;^ from business in 1.SH2. 
lie represented New Westminster in the M. C. Lej^islature 
for a short time previous to eonfeileration, bemtjf in r.Syi 
arul iMyj, during' his absence from the Province, returned 
to represent New Westminster in tlie House of Commons. 
He w.is one of the promoters ot imion with Canaila, and 
received a diploma of honor for ser\ ices in connection with 
the InternaliiHial l-'isheries ICxhibition in London, in iHH^. 
He sal in the Senate from December, iS7<), until l''ebruary 
Klh, 1HH7, when he was appointed 
l.icutenant-dovernor. 

Hon. John Robson, Premier, 
Prmincial Secretary and .Ministei 
of .Mines, was born in Perth, Onl. , 
in 1M24, of Scottish parentaj^e. He 
has been pri>minenlly connected 
with the New Westminster aiul 
X'icloria press ; was elected mayiM 
ot the former city in 181)4, '"''^' '''' 
presentid the district i.i'i that name 
in the l.e^^islative Council froi'i 
iH^i) to liSjo, in which latter year 
lie w.is returned for Nanaimo, hi-, 
connection with which ho m.iin- 
tained until TS7:;. lie w.is returned 
for New Westminster District at 
the ^'eneral election of iH<Si, and 
continued to sit for it until iHt)<), 
when, havin)^ been the choice ol 
both .New Westtninsle.- .iiul Cari- 
boo, he chose to sit for the latter 
constituency. On the death of Hon 
.\. v.. \\. Davie he w.is called upon 
by the l.ieutenant-Ciovernor, and 
succeeded in lorminj^ a stron;^ ail- 
ministr.itiim, which has siiue con- 
tinued in iithce. 

Hon. C. v.. Piioley was biirn 
at Cfiivood, lluntin^'iliinshire, lln^;:- 
land, in i.S^:;. He was appointed 
Deputv-Keirisirar-(ieneral in iSt)?, siibsei|uently becoming' 
Registrar of the Supreme linirt. He waschi>sen to repre- 
sent |-;si|uimalt in the .Assembly in i.S,Sj, and has retained 
his seal ever since. He was appoinleil Speaker ot the I-eijis- 
lature iiv 1SK7, which he resi)^ned in .Xuj^ust, iSSi), to 
be.'ome President i>f the l.ei^isl.ilive Council. He is .1 
b;irris|or-.it-law , etc. 

Hon. J. II. Turner, Pro\inual Minister oi I'"iiiance, 
was born in Ipswich, l-'.nj^land. in i.Sj.j, He arri\ed in the 
M.iritime Provinces close upon forty years aiji', cominij to 
British Columbia in iSiij. He w.is elected to the I'ily 
louncil of Victoria in 1S7J, where, havnif^ served twii 
terms as councillor, he had the honor ^.-^i occupviii);; the 
mayor's chair three times in succession. He is head ot 
the wholesale hi'use oi Turner, MeetiMi iS: C"i\, ,iiul has 
occupied .1 number o{ honored pivsilions in the f^ift ot his 
follow citizens. He was relumed to the l.ef^islative 
.Assembly for the *.'ity o\ Victoria in i.S,S(), and has served as 
I'inance Minister ami Minister oi .Atiriculture durin;^ the 




.\1K. 1. i;i.\W)Kl lis , 
Scc'y BiVinl of Tmdc. 



respective ailmlnistrations of Hon. .A. K. H. Davie iind 
I Ion. John Robson. 

Hon. T'orbes Geor^-c V'ernon is ;i native of Ireland, 
his birthplace, in 1H43, beinf,' Clonlarf Castle, County 
Dublin. He received a commission in the Royal Mnj^ineers 
in iHt)^, but without joininj^ his ref,'iment came over to 
Dritish Columbia, where he acquired l.'irj^e a^jricultural 
and miniii},' interests. He became member in the l.ef,'isla- 
lure for Vale in 1H75, ;ind from iH7() to 1S7S was 
Commissioner of Lands and Works. He was not a can- 
didate to Parliament in 1HH2, but in iH.Sf^j and 1S90 he 
af,'aui was the recipient of the confidence of the electors. 
In i.S.S(> he was appointed Commissioner of Lands and 
Works, which portfolio he has since ret.-iined. 

Hon. Theodore Davie was born at Hri^hton, .Surrey, 
lvnf,'land, in iH^j, and was called to the bar of Hritish 
Columbia in 1H77, beinj,' jippointed (J. C. in 18H8. He 
was first returned to the Legislative .Assembly for Victoria 
City ;it the election of 1882, succeedintj his brother, the 
Hon. .A. |{. H. Davie, ;is .Attorney- 
(ieneral in .Auj^ust, 1889. He was 
elected for Cowichan at the elec- 
tions of i8go. 

Hon. David Williams Hiij^ins, 
Speaker of the Provincial Lefiisla- 
ture, was horn in Halifax, N. S., 
in 1834, and in 1855 settled in San 
l"rancisco, where he devoted him- 
self to journalism, beinj^ promin- 
ently connected with the establish- 
ment oi the I'all. In 1858, bein^'^ 
possessed by the gold fever, he 
started for the Fraser River, whence 
on his return trip he became ccn- 
nected with the V'ictori.i Colomst, 
iif which he was editor and pro- 
prietor, but abandoned journalism 
when, in 1886, he was el-cted to 
Parliament for the Rsquimalt Dis- 
trict, and became Speaker, in suc- 
cession to Hon. C. v.. Pooley. 

Mayor Grant, .M. P. P., was 
born at .Alford, Scotland, in 1841. 
He came out to Ontario with his 
parents in 1853, arriving in Hritish 
Columbia in 18(12, being associated 
with .Mr. G. H. Wright, the well- 
known contractor. He was at the 
Cariboo and the Peace River .Mines 
for some live or six years, and also 
h.id much to do^in constructing and superintending the 
building oi public roads. In 187!) he became member of 
;i business hrm in Cassiar, to which he still belongs. 
Ciitil the last general elections he had been member for 
Cassiar in the Provincial Parliament ever since 1882, but 
in i8<K> he became the choice oi a m;iji>rity oi the citizens 
of Victiiria, oi which he has been the Chief Magistrate 
since 1887. 

Alderman W. D. McKillican was born at \'ankleet 
Hill, Ontario, in 1830, and began the duties of life .is a 
carpenter. .After traveling through the Western States, 
without liiuling a resting place, he reached the Kootenay, 
but mining had few charms for him, so he pushed \>\\ to 
V'ictviri.i, where he arrived in 1871, entering at once on the 
business o'i contracting. The firm oi McKillican and 
.\nderson, .is it to-day exists, was formed in 1878. Mr. 
McKillican has been for six year^ > the City Council, a 
portion oi which time he has served at the head of the 
Kleclric Lighting Committee. 



76 



VICTORIA IlJ.rsTRA TEH. 



AlJerm.'iii A. J. Smith is a Scolchmaii from " Edin- 
boro toiin," wli.i cam.' to \'ii-toria in 18)2, hciii); tor a 
leiifjtlKMUHl pjrivul coniioclcJ with the saw mill interests of 
Piifjct S.niiul aiul Miirrard Inlet. In 1H7J ho bo^an busi- 
ness with tho lato Mr. li. J. Clark as jiiincrs, hiiiklors aiul 
contractors ; but, six years as^o, i.^n the death of his part- 
ner, he assum^'il the entire business, which he has most 
successfully conducted, som.- of the principal buildings of 
the city beinj.^ monuments of his skill. He has been in the 
Council for tlu* p.isl ssven years and presides over several 
important committees. 

Alderman John Coughlan is an Irishman by birth and 
head of the brick-makin;,' hrm of Cou^jhlan & Mason. lie 
is mana^in^ director of the Pacific .Asphalt C"o. ; his estab- 
lishment bein}^ also a;;ents for other inventions used in 
connection with buildim; and street pa\iiii;. Mr. CiiUi^h- 
lan was first elected to the City Council in 1HH7, and has 
alwavs been i>\\ the side i>t substanti.d impri>vements. 
The .Mderman, if he have any hobby, it is that oi securing; 
for the city the best possible supply of water 



Marechal l'olle>,'e and the University of .\berdeen he took 
a hi^h pii-iition in ih-' ililVerent d.'iiartm.-nts if his studies. 
The natural bent of his inclinations bein^j towards civil 
,iiul mechanical en^'ineerin^' he devoleii himself ti> that 
profession, in which he attained hif^h proficiency, lie 
sailed Irom Southampton in 18)4 tor Uritish I'olumbia, 
^oiiij.; at i.y\\C\: ti> the I'ariboo mines, where he remained 
lor about se\ en years, having' had li\el\ experiences o{ all 
that pertains to a miner's and prospector's life, lie was 
the fust white man to cross the I'ine kiver Pass, having; 
command oi the party which explored that tl en unknown 
country. He was chief en).;ineer, and |iersonally superin- 
tended the survey for the I), it N. I\. K, , and since the 
construction of that road has had its f,'eneral superintend- 
ence. .\fter lonfederation he was one of the hree ori^ji- 
nal members to the Hritish Columbia Parliiiinent his 
consiiuiency bein^ Cariboo and now, in addit'on to his 
position in the City Council, represents C'oniox in the 
Provincial I.e^fislature. 

.Mderman (.'. !•'. Renouf was born in Jersey, one '•1^ 







\ 



i 



Alderman John (Jock| Robertson is one of the oldest the Channel Islands, ,ind c.ime out to this Western countrv 
members of the t'ouncil Ho.ird. Me is a Scotchman, hail- in iHjc), beiii),' for lour years in the employ of the llaslin^'s 



\\\^ from Blair .\thol, Perthshire, and is just abvxit sixty .Mill C 



at what IS now 



th 



e cilv o 



f \ 



iincouver. l'"rom 



years ot aj;;e. 
vears since. 



Kc 



to N'ictoria close upon thirtv 



iRS: 



itil i.SMs he was with Messrs. K. P. Kithet X: ^\\ 



He bej.;an as a horse-shoer and he was a l>'rmiii(.j in the latter year a partnership with Mr. J. 

f^ood one, too and after working in several subordinate Nicholles, the linn beiui; the well-known harilware house 

capacities each one an advance on the last he is li>-d.iy ^^i Nicholles X: Kenouf He is ;i prominent aiul active 

at the head of his own extensive boiler-making and black- member of the W. I'. .Aj^ricultural Societv, and durinj^ the 

smilhinj^ (the Caledonian) works. He has been in the present ye.ir entered the City C'ouiicil as member for iales 
City t'ouncil for , 



umber of terms ; is President yii (he Street W'.ird. bein^; I'li.iirmaii ol the cilv l-'iiiai 



St. .Andrew's and Caledonian Societies, and occupies the 
proud position of a representative Scolsmai 



until. 



Aide 



Joshua Hollaiul came from Shropshire, Island, 



.Alderman H. A. .Munii hails from Prince lulvvard 



ij^laiul, where 



as born in iKhi. 



II 



e arriveil 111 



Wii 

builder bv Iraile, but 



lavin^' been born in (Jueen's County about ihirlv 
i>. Me received a liberal education .iiul obl.iiiieil 



first-class teacher's ,ind commercial di|il 



plomas. 
ame to this citv, ami for about three vears was 



In iHH: he 



toria in iKHj, having previously spent some time 

nipe^ during; the boom. He is a builder by trail 

at present a niember of the real est;ite hrni of Morrow, ^,.,|| .,(■ ,1^. •• s'tandard " newspaper, I'eavinj,' it to become 

Holl.tnd it K.'o. He has sal in the Citv Council since iHi|i) iiK-ntitied with the " Tinu 

for Johnson Street Ward, and has served on a number of ihaseil from .\Ir. Mcl.air.i 



the principal executive committees 



es," his interest in which he pur- 
few months since he abaii- 



iloned journalism and is now lar^,'ely interested in real 



Alderman Joseph Hunter is an .Mierdonian, having' estate, beiii),' ;i member w'i the linn oi Morrow, Holland 
first seen Ihe liy;ht in his native Scotch city in i.S.jj. ,\t it Co. He is also a partner in the rising; drufj house ol 



l/( 7'i MV. / //.l.rSTK. I TED. 



77 



of 



C'lK'lirano it Miinii, hi'>Klos bolii)^ loniu'flocl with his 
hrntlK-r, Mr. |). J. Miiiin, in scvoial i iipurlaiil hrasoi 
River caiiiKTii's. Mr. Mimn is a yoiiii>4^ man of the tnust 
I'nlorprisinjj iliaraclcr, diil^ nf the most j^ciiial i>t men, 
and, witlial, has mikh ol' that native talent m ailihtion to 
that appheatiiin ami persistencv which are essential to men 
in public life. 

Alderman !•". t>. Kiehards, thini|,'li of Mn^'lish parents, 
was born in nod(,'e\ ille, W'iseonsin, in i^S.S. his people 
havin^j^ only recently arri\ed out from lui^'land. I'he 
family came to Victoria in i.Si)j, the subject i.-<i this sketch 
attending school both here and in New \\'estniinsler. lie 
was a draiif^hlsman in the Lands and Works Def artmenl 
of the province for a number of years, resif^niiij,' his posi- 
tion to establish the t'larence Motel. Scxerin^' his con- 
nection with that establishment, he enjjaged in the real 



Rifle Team at Mlsley in tK<|'). lie sat m the l.ej^islative 
\ssembly from iHHl. until j,Ki' January, tHKM, when he 
was elected for the City of \'ictoria to succeed Mr. 
Shakespeare in the Dominion Parliament. 

The late Hon. Robert Dimsmuir was born in Hurlford, 
.Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1S23, his father and ^grandfather 
beitijj; coal-masters. lie acijuireil extensive colli;rv inter- 
ests at Nanaimo after he came to this colony, and at the 
time of the buildiii),'^ of the hisipiimalt and Nanaimo Kail- 
way secured its franchise, as well as the money and land 
>;rants made for its ciinsiruction. He may be said to have 
been the founder of the Nanaimo coal interest. He was a 
most enterprising,' citizen, and was priniiinentl) connected 
with most of the public undertakirif^s of the province. 
He waselected to the Provincial Legislature in iHHj, bein^' 
appointed President o'i the Council in .\u),'ust, 18H7. He 




estate, loan anil insurance business, and at the late nuniici- 
pal election w.is chosen as a member oi the City C'ouncil. 
He is also a Pid^lic School Trustee. 

Thomas Marie, M. P., thou^jh \.-^i Irish parenta^'e, is a 
native Canadian, the pi. ice o\ his birth'hax ing- been Leeds, 
Out. He is a well-knoun merchant, and has served as a 
member oi the lilv Council and in the C'ouncil of the 
!!. (.'. Hoard o\ Irade. lie was returned to the House oi 
I'ounnons in l'>ctober, iS.S((. and was re-elected last year. 
He has been entrusted with a number K^i important duties 
bv the people, and has alw.ixs t'.uthlully fullilled his trust. 

Lieut. -C"ol. lulward tiawler Prior, M. P., was born at 
l)allowj;ill, Norkshire, linijland, in 185.V He practiced 
as a mining' enijineer and surveyor in H. C". for a number 
of vears, subseiiuent to which he became Inspector of 
Mines. He is an enthusiastic \olunteer, is an extra .\. U. 
f. to the tiovcrnor-Cieneral, and commanded the Canadian 



was re-elected at the },'eneral elections ot i8,Si), and con- 
tinued to sit in the I.ejjislature until his death. 

Mr. Robert Paterson Rithet was born at ICcclesfechan, 
numlVier hire, Scotland, where he received his education. 
Cominij to Hritish Columbia he entered the house of Sproat 
iV C'o. , whose book-keeper he became. That business 
beitiij bou^'ht out b\ .Mr. Welch he became a partner in 
the new firm, now known as Welch & C"o. , oi San Fran- 
cisco, and R. P. Rithet it Co., of X'ictoria, limited. C">f 
both these establishments he is now the head ; the latter 
havuii; a short time since become a joint stock company, 
with .1 capital stock of S5(x),ixx). He is lartjely interested 
in tlie sui^'ar trade with the Sandwich Islands, and has 
extensi\ e interests in steamboat enterprises ; owns the 
I-lnderbv I-"lour Mills, and to him and his foresij^'ht is due 
the present capacity of the outer wharf, which he owns 
and has fitted, at j^reat expense, for the accommodation of 



-^'i 






7« 



V/CTORfA IU.VSTR.\Ti:n. 



I ; 

\ 



I 

w 



vessels oft he ilccpi-'s' ilrmifiht. Mr. Riilici has hooii a l''.<iin- 
cillor ami Mayor nl the eily of \'icli>ria, as well as I'resi- 
ilent 111" the Mrilish Columbia Hoard ol Trade, of \vlio-.e 
council he i> ,\\\ honored and inlliiential member. 

Mr. Uohert Ward, J. P., tor the past tour years Presi- 
dent of the H. C'. Hoard of Trade, started his conimereial 
career in this city in 1S71, heinj^^at that time in the employ 
of Messrs. WelJh, Rithet & Co. In iHHi Mr. Ward was 
running; his own business, and soon the inte^jrity anil 
ability ^•''i the lirni jjave them hold of lar^'e interests and 
many excellent ajjeii- 
cics. Mr. Ward is 
ajjent for ni> less than 
six li rsf -class insunuice 
companies. liiiH7(ihe 
was appointed Consul 
for Sweilen and Nor- 
way. He has been a 
member of the Hoard 
of Trade since its foun- 
dation ; he is a Maj^is- 
trate for the province, 
a I'ilot.if^e C'ommis- 
sioner, and Manaf,'in).j 
Director oS. the H. C". 
Corporation, liinited. 

Won. Robt. Heaven 
was bi>rn at I.eijjh, 
StalTordshire, Ivn^. , in 
i.S^() ; was educated in 
Torimto, and came to 
this pri>yince in iHhz. 
lie was a meichant in 
\ictoria, and was ;i 
member of the Cio\ ern- 
ment of the province 
from December, 1K7J, 
until January, i.S;!). 
He was appointed a 
liold C'omniissioner in 
1H73, and became .Min- 
isterof I'"inance in 1H7K. 
He was Premier of the 
province Irom June, 
iS.Sj, until January, 
iSiS^, when he resign- 
ed. He was promin- 
ently connected with 
the union movement 
in li^'iH, and is at pres- 
ent leader of the Pro- 
\ incial Opposition, 
ha\ ing been in t he 
House continuously 
since 1871. 

Dr. C;. I.., Milne was 
born in .Morayshire, 
Scotland, in iH^o, re- 
ceiving his education at 
.Mealord, Clntario, to which his parents came in i'"^.S7. 
He graduated at the I'lironto School of .Medicine in iHS<i ; 
has been .Medical Health Cllllcer and School Trustee lor 
X'ictoria, being returned to the Legislature lor this city at 
the election cf iH<)o. 

Mr. .Alexander Roland Milne, Collecti>r of Customs, 
is a native of Morayshire, Scotland, and is in his lifly- 
ninth year. He is one of the most polite and obliging 
gentlemen in the public service, nevertheless he is one ^^i 
the most particular of men in reipuring due observance of 
all the duties and obligations for which the law and depart- 




K. r. Wll.l.l.VMS, I'l Hl.lslll K AM) UllOKIUMU K. 



m.Mii.il practice provide, hlarly in life Mr. .Milne came 
with his parents to C^ntariii, and some years later came out 
ti> this proxince in search of good fortune at the golil 
mines. In 1H74 he entered thi- service of the Canadian 
(ioverninent in tlie Departmei i i>f C'usloms, rising to the 
positii>n oi .\ppraiser in iH.S;;, neing, in 1SH7, g-azelted one 
o'i the H.iard I'l Dominion .Appraisers. In |HH<) he was 
appointed to succeed Mr. Hamley in the Customs C"ol- 
lectoisliip at \'iclc>ria. where his natural abilities, his 
thorough aci|uainl,iiKe w 1th his duties, and his unremitting 

attention to business 
have gained lor him 
the high appreiialioii 
of the gi>xeriiment anil 
ol the public. Probably 
.Mr. Milne is onM of the 
best posted men on 
this coast on the sub- 
ject oi seals, which has 
causeil so much fric- 
tion and unple.'is.int- 
ness between the peo- 
ple of C'anada and of 
the I'nited States. 



.Mr. .A. C. Klumer- 
fell, \ice-President of 
the Hoard of Tr.tde, 
w.is born near Toron- 
to, but spent his early 
life ill the ti>wn of Co- 
burg. Having settled 
in Winnipeg he, in 1S75, 
established I h e li r s t 
wholesale slu>e house 
West ol Toronto, that 
kiu>uii ,is the lirm iii 
W. II I g g i n s it Co. 
Ha\ii)g withdrawn 
Irom that concern he 
I'pened a w holesale 
shoe bu-iness in Win- 
nipeg in iH7((, nil his 
ow n act oiinl. In i,S.S^ 
an amalg.im.ilion was 
formed ol IiImiwu ware- 
house and thatot Ames 
I loldeii iV to. , of .Mon- 
lieal, the business of 
Higg^ins it Co. being 
also aci| ui red. .M r. 
l-lumerlelt arrived in 
\ ictoria in the inter- 
ests of his lirm in i.SHli, 
and has since remain- 
ed, aci|uiring the con- 
fidence and esteem \.ii 
his fellow business 
men, by whom he was 
elected to various of- 
\ ice-Presidency i>f the Hritish 



Tu es ,inil linally to the 
C oluinbia Hoard ^••'i Trade. 

Postmaster Shakespe.ire was born at Hrierly Hill, 
StalTordshire, Ivngland, in lK^<>. He came out lure m 
January, iWi,?, and was lor some months engageil at 
Nanaimo in Mr. Dunsmuir's collieries. C^n coming to 
N'icu'ria he had considerable business success, and served 
as a member of the City C'ouncil for four years, becoming 
.Mayor in 1HH2. He was I'resident of the Mechanics' Insti- 
tute, and has been for some years at the head of the H. C". 
Tire .Association. He was elected to the House of Com- 



VICTORIA HJA'STRA TKH. 



79 



mons in iHHi, ind rf-w;lcctcd in \W>-j. hi'in^j appniiitfil to 
the Victoria I'vistmiistorsliip in the lu>»! nanu'd )car, 

Mr. Joshua Davics was horn in 1M4I) in Australia, hut, 
when three years of a^,'e, was taken to t'ahlornia. Here 
he received a hheral commercial etiucation, and when, in 
i8<j^, his family nuned to N'ictoria, he was sutliciently 
advanced to lake hold o{ his father's auclioneerin^' busi- 
ness, hein^' .idniitteil as a partnerin iKi)7. Since thai time 
his career has been one of remarkable busiTiess abilily anil 
sterlin^j honesty. He is interested in most of the lar(,'e 
industries of the province, and has siiares in numerous 
companies. .As an aucti>>neer .Mr. Davies is unexcelleil, 
while hi.s well-known character (rives him a very hi^jh place 



four milling' business at Saanich and San hVancisco, sub- 
sei|Uently entering' into p.irtrership with .Mr. Hrackman in 
the S.ianich Mills, of the incorporated company conlrol- 
inj; which, he is now President, He h.isheen prominently 
connected with the H. t'. .\j,'ricultural Society, of w liicli he 
was I'resiilent l.ist year, and duiin^,' his term of olllce suc- 
ceeded, with the assistamre of the Hoard of Directors, in 
securing' the present eli^jible ),'roimds and pultiii),' up the 
ma^'ificeiit building's upon them. He isan mer^^etic mem- 
ber of the t'ouncil i<f the Hoard of Trade. 

.Mr. Charles Ddward Redferii was born in the city of 
I.iMulon and is now in his lilty-lhird year. Like his father 
before him he is enjjajjed in the watch-makinjf and jewelry 




amonjj' \'icti>ria's most noteworthy citizens. He is Presi- 
dent of the Koy.il Jubilee llospit.il. 

Mr. l"harles H.iyward came to X'ictinia in iS()2, from 
his home in the town \.A Stratford, I'issex, Ivnj^^land, and 
immediately entered k^w his trade th.il of a carpenter and 
contractor, l-'or several years in succession he was elected 
to the City C"ouncil, and has t.iken a jjreat interest in pub- 
lic school matters, charitable and other institutions. He 
has been a member k^{ the School Hoard i)f the city ever 
since its inception, anil has been Chairman '<^'i that body 
fi'r the past eif,'ht \ears. He is also \'ice-President of the 
Royal jubilee Hospital and honor.iry Secretary of the 
IVi'testiinl I'Mphaiia^'C. 

Mr. David R. Ker was born in \'icloria in iSdj, where 
he was educated in the public sclmols. He learneil the 



I usiness. He came to this city in iS().> the time kA tiie 
f,'reat influx and bv dint of perseverance and industiv has 
i;town up .iiiil prospered with the city. In 1.S7S he was 
elected to the City Council from James Hay Ward, receiv- 
iiifj the sutVra^es o\ his tellow citizens for the m.iyoraltv 
in iSH^. He has been President \>i the St. tieortje's 
Society as well as of the H. C. Pioneer Society, and is one 
of those men in the city upon whom every one looks with 
well ilcserved respect and esteem. 

H. K. Heisterman is another o{ X'ictoria's real estate 
men. He was born in Hremen, (iermany, in i8_^2, and 
after beinj,' employed in a commercial house at Dantzii; for 
a period \.-<i three years removed to Liverpool, lui^land, 
which he lelt in iSoj tor Hritish Columbia. He went up 
the Stickeen but returned a disappointed man. For a time 



8o 



y/( TORI. \ 1 1. 1. 1 '.V /A'. I /A'A 



1. 



M 



Ik- larrioil on a roiuliii^j rootn in ttu' Si. Nii'liolas huililiiij;, 
but siH'ii alter omharkcil in tho wliiili'>.alo paints anil ^'lasn 
hiisiiK'N". will) Mr. John Hanks. In 1H114 Mr. Iloistorinan 
lievotcil Ins atti-ntions to tlii- hanilliii),' of ri'al I'staU', ami 
dij a consiilorabli- amount of lil'o aiul liro insuraiui-. Ho 
was lor inanv voars a iiK-nibiT o( the Hoaril of Sihool 
Truslocs and also of llu- C'ouiuil o( iho Uritish C'oltiinhia 
Hiiard of Tradi'. 

Kriincis Honrchicr, one of the imvst entorprisin); and 
far-sci-injf men t>f \'i»;loria, is prominently enfja^jed in the 
real estate business, his interests and eoiuieitions lieini.; 
\erv extensive. He was born in OeMmshire, I'iri^'land, in 
iMj;;, and, thirty years later, ha\in>,' travelled extensively 
in some of the l\)rei(.fti possessions of the L'rown, settled 
in N'ictoria, becoming; senior partner of the firm ^li Hiiur- 
ehier, C'riift it Mallelte, IViim whieh he withdrew on the 
business o( the firm bein^' mer),a'd into that oi the \'an- 
couver Island Land and liueslment Company, lie is at 
present eonductin),'' an independent real estate and iruest- 
menl a(,'eney, particular attention beiii^; p.iiil by him to 
eligible properties oi\ the Souiul. 



To tliia Miiiit li.' uililt'il IJK- vnliii' iif ihr ri'al I'Miilv In ihr 

fuliii.lfil ltiiiii!> iiIhiiiI y.uouiyjo 00 

Tiil.ij iiictcaM' >imi' iStji). fis.i'ifi.S 1^ '> ' 

Kcn'iiurnf Ihr lily fill y«r iTi'liiin list Di'crinlpi'r, iSiji) . .,$ ^■>\,ni im) 
i:«|iciiililuriMif ihi; tily fill yciUfii liny Jill l).'ciiiilKt, iSip . l>il,.t7li i«i 

.\nMrlit lltl PcoiMiilirr, IS90 $'i7^.7|i>in 

I.i.iliililii-> ji«l l)ri'ciiilH.'r, liigu., )ii),iijj lyj 

lktl,iiice liver Lialiiliilc* flfi.lliO) 

IlKMs HI- KKVKNl'r.. 

Kriini Wnlrr KiMili $ 4 ),Aci | 7(1 

l\l-.ll I'Slillr Tiix . ... li«), ^60 51) 

I r.ulf Li.-iMM-. il.6i)J 50 

I.ii|iiiir Liii'iiKC. 17,515 t«i 

I'liinl >'iill>'i:iiiini, iirilinary Miurccii 224.^11 <ti) 

NiiiiiIkt 111 tiros iliiriii(! Inc ytar, Wi. Kiii' Lum l'i.7'iS '»' 

To the already extensive system of water wurks, 
diiriii),' the year \\'^ miles of street water mains were 
laiil in the city, besides ^j^ miles of i<>-inch mains frotr. 
the lakes. 




Mr. I'Vederic lllwortliv. Secretary of the Hoard of 
Trade, liaiK from Taunton, Somersetshire, Iviigland, where 
he was horn in iX^\. .\fter serviii),' an apprenticeship to 
the dry (.joods trade in London, he lelt tor India in 1H7J, 
where he was eiu.;a).jeil for some time in responsible posi- 
tions in connection with the tea pl.intations. In iHHh he 
left India for San l-'raiicisco by way of China, where, after 
beiiif^ some time employed in the tea trade, he came to 
\icloria, obtaining; an en^jagemen! with .Mr. Joshua 
Davies, beinf^ in July, last year, appointed to the position 
he now occupies in cinnection with the j^real commercial 
orj^anizalion of the province. 



MUNICIl'AI. .STATISTICS. 

The subjoined fi).jures in regard to the city of \'ictori.i, 
from a municipal point ol view, will doubtless prove to be 
of interest : 



AssesM-il value iif rial |irii)M;rly, l8gi . 
As-sessccl value iif real |)rii|K,-rly, |S9> 

Incrense, iSyi 



$1 7,5(1 ),I4S 00 

■ ■ ■ 9.J*>7,'KJO <KJ 



$8,l96,54» uo 



There were -',2VJ service pipes supplied by the water 
works department, whose expenditures on general account 
were only SiM,()»iM. 13, as compareil with an ordinary 
revenue o( 84,^, <><>,? ; the sinking fuiul already accrued 
amounting to $1)4,^25. Jo, on account of outstanding 
ilebenlures of S^I.S.oo"' The water works plant, pipes, mains 
and other accessuries have an estimated v.ilue of $1 ,^()«,i«)o, 
the I'tlier corporation propertv being worth at least S.jKi,- 
<»<»2. Incluiling electric lighting plant, lireplanl. City Hall 
and lots; approximately the entire civic asset is roughly 
placed at over S2,(k)u,ixxj over and above the assessed 
valuation of the cily. 

The he.ilth of the cily is wonderfully gooil. the per- 
centage o( deaths to population being among the lowest 
in the Dominion, and not more than twelve deaths per 
thousand. However. Ivi still further improve this excellent 
coiiditiiMi of matters, extensive sewerage works are under 
way, uiuler the direction of .Mr. Mohun, C I'.., whiili con- 
template the laying ot about sixty miles of sewers at 
schedule rates. 

No. of volumes in public library, over <>,5ix) ; average 
daily circulation, 125. 



i i 



flH 



IM ■ iiBiiiiMroifinTfrr"'*— *'^""''''''^*'^^^ 



7,(100 on 00 

$IS,l')<..Sl^ <" 

,,$*M,i4l oo 
C)l,47(> uo 

Sji,liiJ uo 



• •$ 4.l/>".» 7«' 

.. ic)(>,56<) 5() 

ii.fn)] 50 

I7.V5 '«• 
ia4.7Ji 9<> 

ii>.7')5 txj 

.iii'i W(>rks, 
niiiiiis ui-ro 
niiiiiis Irmi' 



|iv I Ik- Wilier 
icr;il aiiounl 
ail orilinary 
aily aciTiK'il 
iMitNtaiKlin^' 
, pipes, mains 
it Si ,5(>n,iKX), 
east S.1K1,- 
iil. lily Hall 
■t is rini^hly 
tlie assessed 

uhI, the per- 
^ the lowest 
e ileaihs per 
this exeellent 
rks are uinler 
w liii li enn- 
ui' sewers at 

«loo ; avera^;e 



17< TORIA ILL US TH. I TKn. 



Hi 



TKADI". AND MAMJ lACIU KI.S. 

FOI.I.OWINd are brief references to various leading; 
business houses ami tnaiiuraetories of X'leloria, to- 
jfelher with some facts eoiKeriiinj; the men who own and 
manaf^e them : 

Al llloN IKilN WilKK't. 

riii> iniincnv csl:ililUhnifnl Wit* roiimleil in 1M6I, iimlir llu' tii.in.i^i'. 
mini iif Mr. J. Spr.ill, wlm rarrinl ll mi »illi N.iryiiin »m'< i">< iinlil 1HS2, 
wlirii it «.(•> nu't),'iil iiitn llif iircvnl o>in|iaii)', for llu' inirixwit of irun 
fiiiiiKUri, i'n|;iiiiTi>, Ijoiloiiiiiki is, anil inaniirai liiirrN uf inariiu' ami laml 
i'nt;ini">. ('"li lanniii^ ami iiiinni|{ mn lilncry, liyilraiilii K'""!"! I'lj"! <'■<' 
Till- nuniuny was iiii ur|«itali'il hIiIi a lapilal sIik U ui $5iX),(K>, mih- half of 
Mhiih it fully |>ni<l ii|>. Mr. |aiiu-H I >unMiniir wa> iln lol fri'siilinl, K. I'. 
KiiluM Viri' I'li'iiiltnl, mill \V. !■'. Uullrii Sirnlary aiul Maiiatjir. Sinie 
llii' lni'<ir|H>raii'in aH a i'iini|>.iny, llu'ir Miici'« ha* Torn iiniiiiirrtiplt'il, ami 
lliiy have U'ln iiMi(;iil In Iniria^c lluir faiililics fur inaniifarliirin);, mi 
llial iiciw llii'y ran iiiin|Mli' ■.urrcs^fiilly in innit iiriKluiliins »illi ihc .San 
Kranciirii niiil lunliTn firms. Their |irinilwt mi Chmham ami Slorc 
Sirii'ls iKTiipy Ihri'i' anil a half airi's of lanil. The I'luiriiimis amnunt of 
ci^hly Inns iif |>i|; irmi |>cr niniilh, rc|>ri'M-nling one millimi nine hiinilriil 
anil Iwcniy Ihniii^inil |kiuiiiIs |i«r 
year, tiicetlicr wilh fi.ur Inns nf 
iii|i|irr |Ki niniitli. Is usfil, anil 
Ihi' ■(• fii;nrrs (;ii e an iilta iif ihc 
nia^nituik- nf ihe liiisinrss ilnm- 
liy llii- i'nin|Mny, In iK8(jlhrir 
Iiunuu-ss ainnuntfil In aUitil 
$i7o,ocxj, whilf in ihe prfst-nt 
yiar ihe vnlunii; nf liusiness will 
U- aUiiil $500,000. They em 
piny snnie Iwn hunilfeil and 
ihirly men, Ihe »a(;isaninimliin; 
In finm ihirlein In lifiicn llmus- 
anililnllars iimnlhly, ami ini|i<irl 
their raw material innslly from 
Ihe mother inuntry. When II. 
M. S. Aniphinn tan nn the ri» k^ 
anil tnre .t lai^e hnle in her siil< . 
the .Mliinn Irnn Wnrks vm 
awarileil Iheconlrai't forre|Mu-.. 
zl the sum III $150,000. Itesiiles 
Ihis, they liuill one 400-horse 
|)o»er Corlisii eom[)oiinil em^ine 

for the Tramway C'om|<any here ; they maile sixlefn mllct of l6'inch piln's 
fni the ».\ter wnrks nf Vii'lnria ami Winnniver, sixty ihirly Ion ears, up to 
Ihe pres<ni year, fnr the K. \ N. K. R., In'siilcs -upplyint; the ent;ines am! 
Imilers fnr tu^-lmals, ami fitting; up Ihe I^nne, the hamlsnmesl tu^; in these 
waters. The .Mliinn Iron Wnrks siamls at the heail of the manufaelurinj; 
iniliisiries of X'iitoria, ami is simml to none of its kiii'l on the I'acific 
C'oa.sl. 

VliIllKIA RIlK AMI HOIK Mills cOMI'ANV. 

The Victoria Kiee ami Klnur Mills Cnrnpany is a liraiuh nf the Well 
known ami successful Mount Kny.il Milling; ami Manufacturing t'nmpany, 
Montreal, ami has Uen eslahlisheil as a rice mill in this city for the iKisI 
six years. Wiihin the past ye.u the com|iany has maile eviensive improve- 
ments, ami put in a complete plant of tioMie \: McCuIliH-h's |i;itcnteil 
rnller llour milling machinery, which ^jivesthem a ca|iiicily of 200 liarrelsjier 
ilay. The liuililin^s nf the cnncern are on .Stnre Street, anil are splen<litlly 
ailapteil In the rispiirements nf ihe Imsiness. fhe faclnry is siluated on a 
Inl nf uo feel frnnt,i)je, exiemlini; hack 150 feel In the water, ami the pmp- 
eriy, having liecn purchavil frnm the nwnernf a crnwn ^rant, gi\es the 
wharf priviUt^i' as far as the harlnir line. The milling and rice cleaning 
machinery is n|H'ralcil liy a Corliss engine of 100 hnrsi' nnnilnal imwer, (jiv- 
ing; an .actual ixiwer of 150. The steam to Ihis );reat engine is furnished liy 
two htige steel iMiilers. Tn j;ive vime conceplinn of the extent of ilic 
Victoria Rice and Hour Mills l'omi>any, it may lie mentioniHl that it owns 
the 1,000-liin ship Thermnpyl.v, which is kept constantly employed carry 
inu rice for this concern from Hannkok, .Sai|;nn and Ijony Koni;, in ihe 




Kasi Indies, while she returns l.nlen with (Iniir fnr Ilony Kniiu and 
N'oknhama. 

WII.I.IAM I'. SAYWAHtl. 

Mr. Saywaril in one of California'^ "forlynincrs." He was Imrn in 
.Maine, s|u'iil several years in I'loiida, and in l84r) went In I'anama, and 
s.iihd in a whale ship fnr (alifnrnia. He was al I'anama when the secnnd 
I'ai ifh Mail .Steamship arriMil there, .\rrivinn in Califnrnia, he ennayed 
in laiildiri^, and sulis,sjuenlly ran a hakery al .S.aciamenln, which liusiness 
al thai lime was almul as lucrative as (;nld nlinill^;. He afterwards 
ennaKid in the luinU'r trade in San 1-rancisco, reuiaininj; there until 1X58, 
when he came to Viilnria and entered the lumUr husimss. In 1K61 he 
started a sawmill al Shawninan, ami ran it until 186X, when he Imill the 
present one, which is Ihe IksI Incaled mill in \iclnri.i. The ca|>aeily is 
45.(XX) feel in ten hnurs, Uinu iom|Nisiil mainly nf small slufTfnr liuililing 
purposes, while ll.i mill is the laryesl in Viclnria. The lni;> are ({nllen 
friiin the K.isl Inasi of the Island, and Mr. Sayward owns larne tiinlier 
claims, which he is keeping; fnr the future. So j;reat is the demand at 
present that the mill was runnini.; ni^;ht and rlay, culling froni Oo,o00 to 
70,000 feel |ier diem. 

IIKAi KMAN AMI KKK MIIIINii in., I. 'ill. 
Mr. Ilrackm.in is a native of (iermany, and came to the Coa.st in 
1847. .Mr. Ker was Imrn in \'icloria. In 1876 they erecled a flour mill 
in North Saanich, and ten year* later transferred their head otlice to 

Victoria, where they have just 
liuilt a new live-storey mill, with 
Ijoiler and en(;ine house attach- 
c<l. The main liuililinK is 60 x 80 
feet. In the ba.sement floor of 
their new mill i.s a 120-hnrsc 
imwer WheeliK-k enjjine, manu- 
factured liyCioldieA: .Mct'ullnch, 
nf (iaii, (Jnt. The main shafting 
furnishes motive |«iwer fnr all 
the nther machinery in the 
liuilding. The (;rnunil floor is 
rttteil up with fiNe run of >tonMs 
for (jrindiiij; the iliffirent cereals. 
The second floor is furnishiil 
with liin.s fnr holding; the differ- 
ent grains, and on this floor are 
situated the steel rolls fnr mak- 
ing rnlleil nats. The oats have 
In pass thrniij;fi a sjiecial priK'ess 
nf sieaming iielnre lie-ing mlled, 
and afterwards dried. <)n the 
third flour the grains arc parsed 
through cleaning in.achinery liefnre reaching the him nn the second 
floor. The top floor is fittiil with m.ichinery for o|>erating the elevator 
and fnr driving the machinery in the cleaning rtsiin on the floor lielow. 
The sjiecialties poMluceil frnm this mill are isatmeal, mlleil oats, split |>eas, 
[H-arl kirli-y, etc. In connectinn with their mill ihty have a wharf, 
wherel'y there is no handling of any nf the jiriHlucts nf the mill. Nn grains 
.are handled after they are emptitsl intn the elevator, everything lieing 
accnmplished hy means nf aulnmatic contrivances. This liuilding, together 
with the improved machinery used for it, h.as cost fully $jo,ooo. Their 
mill at Saanich will lie shut dnwn. Iiul ihey will still keep their general 
stnre at that |siint, together with their warehouses. 

Mt'lRIIKMI AMI MAN.V. 

T!ie proprietors of the Victoria Planing Mills commenced Imsiness in 
1870, lining a successful luisini-vi frnni the very start, employing now- one 
hundred men, with a nmnthly |uy-roll of $4,500.00. The sjxcialties of 
the mill are mouldings, doors, windows, lilinds, house furnishings, special 
ship-jninery wurk ami general car|ienters' and huilders' work, .a;; also st,iir 
wcirk. Huring the last year the nutput nf the mill-, h.as Ktm doulileil, and 
ihey have jusl erecteil a large shed, some 60 x too feet, for the storage of 
seasoned lumlvr. and are making other and more extensive additions and 
alterations to their premises inorder to meet the steadily increasing demand 
for their clxsj, of work. During the |Kisl year they have made large 
additions, tixi, in the way of |xiwer and Ixiilers, and have also ercctetl 
a l"ine steam dry-kiln thirty by fifty feet. James Muirhead, of the firm, is 



83 



VICTORIA ILL USTRA TED. 



?;! 



f' 



|1 

I 

i 

i 



a ii.'Uivf (if Scollaiid, wliic :li he left in 1S57. Iwforu iMiiiiiii; to Victoria in 
1862, ho spent the interval iij (!an:itl:i antl North a;»l Smith Arneriea, whe e 
hL i-arsueil liis preseni !',ic of Ixisiiiess Mr. Jam.'s (\. Mann is also from 
Seotlanil, whence he came here ilireet ill the year 1862. 
I.'.MON, CdNASSON \Nll COMI'ANY. 
This firm is comiioseil of f. Leninn ,11. <1 Aaron and Uenjamin Gonasson. 
The sash anil door factory of this firm, which is, perhaps, the most 
improved in Victoria, started iiiniJay in the latter part of ('"ehruary of the 
prese... year. The mill turns out ,ashes, doors, lilinds, mouldings, mantels, 
rouj li and dressed lum!)i'r and 'utniniJs of all descriptions. Hand-sawing, 
as also re-sawinj; or the s[>littinj^ 'tf lh'\:k lumlier, are theif specialties, and 
the firm carry a lav^e stock iMi iiand of >;lass, both plain and ornamental. 
They h.ave a No. i kiln for dr/inq I mher hefore manufacturing. The 
building occupies a sp.ace 50 y. lOJ (eet, ai„', is I'.-aied on the wharf, where 
hinther can be shipjJed easily by boat, iliere beint; 300 fee', of wat'T frontage. 
The ftctiiry is two stories and a half in lieigbl, and is crpiipped with 
det.ached boiler, engine-house, etc. It is also equipped with the finest 
"•.achinery, including the latest improved 12-inch sticker, a J inch four- 



''ookliindin)^ misiness in the Province of Hrilisli Cohimbia, :-;id iiirludes the 
publishing of the liritish ( ohimbia Directory, which ilales from 1K62 and 
takes in the whole of the province. The busiacss includes, also, the mak- 
ini> of rubbci ..amps. .Mr. Williams owns his own building, whiJi is four 
story and basement, and is a very attr.idive structure ol Ktiuie and brick. 
II .- has investeil $J5,00O in building and plant, and the full space occupied 
by his own business is about 5,(>X) square feel .Mr. Williams h;'sa natural 
gift for and has taken a great deal of pride in his business. He made the 
first stereotype, first electrotype, first lithograph, and (irsi )ihoioengraving 
«ver made in the jirovince. Of late years he has invested heavily in real 
estate, and h.as, in consequence, become wealthy. 
I.E.IINCIIAM HKOTHKRb. 
Messrs. W. J. and (1. T. Ledinghani, the founders of this firm, came, 
six years ago, Irom Toronto, where they served their apprenticeships, anil 
by hard work have built up the present handsome business, which, initially, 
IS the manufaclvire of wrviuglit iron into any shape reijuireil, h'rseshoeing 
and geneial foundry work. To this (hey added that of carriage and vagon 
manufacturing, making a specially of heavy road w.igons and trucks, wood- 




^- 



^ 



sided sticker, also two dituble surface pl.iling iii.ichines, a j6-inei. re saw, 
and the best s;ish '^•id diMir machir.erv invented. The cap.icity is equ.d to 
any in the I'lovince of Hritish Columbia. 

r. S. Ml I Atlllll.lN. 

Mr. MiT.iughlin isoneofthL new-come's lo \'ictoria, but lia>achie\ed 
a great success in carriage-bui'ding. of which he inikes .-. sjhm ially of light 
or heavy pleasure vehicles, lie learned his trade in .New S'ork, ami is a 
Ihon ,'gh mechanical draughtsman i|i all tliiiigsap|H riaining loioach build 
ing, having passed through and obtained a certifii'ale in the Teihnic.tl 
School for Carriage Draughtsmen and Mechanics, of New Vork Cii). I le 
st.irtiHl in business in Victoria at Kaster la.Si ; en ted a building ami plant 
at a cost of $i5,r»3, and has since done much work, not only for private 
cit.'ensbu; for the fire d"partmenl of ihe city .is well, lie iin|-.i-. bis 
stuck 'or carriages iron Toronto an' the Kasiein Stales, and at pri".eni 
employs f.ui iiie;i, wlncli niiintier wiii -cry probably be incicised m the 
ne.ir future, 

k. I. \M1.I lAMs. 

M-. Williams w.is lK>rn at l.iKhesii-, New \ ..rk ; is of Kngli^h 
parentage ; came to \ ictoria in lS5ij ; .pent his n:hi>ol day^ here, and after 
wards followed ihe trade of Imokbinding. In 1S7J he b iighl out the 
present business, which w.ii established In lS().', I'o ,|a it s the l.irgest 



wnik of all kinds and carriage ami sign p.iiiiiing. The present building is 
a large oiu , situateil on a valuable corner lot of their own, 60 x liO feel, 
but the demands of itu-ir business j»e siu h as to neressitate. at once, the 
erection of a mv>re eommiMlioiis structure, 'nd this iluv profMise doing. 
.\ late iiino\alion to their business is the imjuirlati in lioin ihe McLaughlin 
Carriage Company of Oshaw.i. I Inlario. of lig|,i :iiid heavy double and 
single earri.iges. In ad th ir iiMleiiakings ihr) hue U'eii siiei es-lul. and 
deservedly v», as they are boih thoroughly famib.ii wilh iheir business, and 
Ih-ir energy antl lhoi..iighiiess h.is biouglii lluin at all limes increasing 
|.alronage. 

V \t lilKI \ MAi IIINt 1!V \it liil. 

The \'ici..ii,i Sl.niiinii ■ Me|sit w,is origiii.\II\ established by Messrs. 
SpratI iV liray. Ml, .Sprat . 'In founder of tin .\lbii,n Inm Works, is now 
dead, and Messrs. .\iidrew la ami .\. K. Miinri are the prevnl pi<i 

prielors. They are .igenls for the [no. Doty Kngiiie (' f Toronto; lloldie 

.\; McCulloi li, liall; IViikrlhy Injector, the Duplex |)i< Slo<k» of Ihe 
Marl Maiiufaeluring '..., I.^.ollard iV I'.llis Vaholim ltd. Magnolia .\nli 
friction Metal, Voic'i I lak Tan Leather Helling. I liwlge \\ .«i.l Split I'ullcys, 
Hurnelt's lm|K'rMoiis Lime raini, and ihe Wo-nlbiiry Oil Compary, ami 
supply iron and brass ■iisiings. Their yearly business amounted in 1S.S7 to 
$2),i>io, and has imu ised in ihe yiai |m.i Io $Ii^.uiju. In the p.isi two 



iirlMik'-. Oil" 
II 1862 aiHl 
I, llie m;>k- 
\vJ\ is fimr 
imd !)rii;k. 
CO ncdipifd 
iii>in ;ialural 
If niiiclc tlio 
,icnnr;nini; 
;uily in rual 



firm, Ciiiiie, 
(-i>lii|>s, .mil 
icli, initially, 
licrscsliciuini; 
c and va^i>n 
tucks, wi>0(l- 






w2 
2 = 



o 

•< 



,,ni liiiililinn i« 


V 


<KJ \ UO (ill, 




If, al iinii', till' 




l„,,|>.i><.- lining. 




)„• Mil.aunliliii 




^y il.iiilili' and 




MU(is>lul, and 




ir ln'^ini'^s, and 




H1K ~ uu ri-asin^ 




|„.,| l.y MiNsr*. 


1 


1 Wnrk-, IS ni'W 


W 


hi- I'riMnl I'l'i 


3 


Inicinl'i; tiiildK- 


5 


, siihUs of ihf 
Mai;n'ili.-i Anii 
i,.| Splii I'ulliys, 


\ 


( .'tui-ary, and 




Mii< 1 m 1S.S7 111 




|l, llll IMsl I»<1 





•its 

< X X 




^^.. simMM:'^ 



^i 



84 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



I 



M 



years ihcy have, nin<nij; other works, put macliinery into the steamer Con- 
stance, now plying on the Kraser, supplieil rails for the National l^leetric 
Tramway and IJHliting Co., Iniilt new engines am! lioilers for steamer 
Mascotte ; made the complete cannery outfit for the Lome Inlet Packing 
Co., and the I'rice Cannery Co., of C.arilner s Inlet; also the engines for 
str. Telephone, the locomotive Holier for New Vancouver Coal Mining and 
Land Company, the new crank shaft for the steamer H*)sc()witz, etc. They 
employ twenty-five or Ih rty men, paying them from $1,500 to $1,800 per 
month a:id turn aldput $40,000 worth of ra .,• material into the mamifaetured 
product annually. 

I.OEWF.N ANI> KHII. 

This firm, the owners of the Victoria Brewery, is comjwsed of Joseph 
Loewen and L. E. Krh. The hrewery was started in the year 1858, but 
was purchased by them twelve years later, since which time they have made 
extensive improvements for the brewing of l.iger and liock l)eer, which are 
ni)w turned out to an extent of fiiur thousand barrels or one hun<lred and 
twenty thousand gallonsa year, and constantly increasing. Loewen & Krb 
ha\e earned a goinl patronage, from the fact lh.it their beer is made solely 
of maU and hops and contains no deleterious substances such as are almost 
invariably used in Kaslerti breweries. Their rade extends all over the 
Province of British Columbia, and they furnish, practically, most all the l)eer 
consumed at Victt.rin, Nanaiuio, Comox, Wellingtipii .Tnd the towns on the 



there are now orders six mimths aheail in he factory, which will, in conse- 
(|uence, have to be enlarged in the near future. While yet engaged, to a 
considerable extent, in the tm|Mirtation of certain lines of furniture, bric-a- 
brac, carpets, etc., they turn out at the factory all kinils of furniture, hard- 
woikI mantels, desks, oflicc .and bar fixtures, and in fact almost everything 
identified with the furniture line. The store on (iovernment street has 1 
friintage of 45 feel with plate glass windows, while the depth is 135 feet, 
with a rear on Langley street S6'2 feet wide. Thedisplay of goods would 
ilo credit to many of the large Ka.stern c .ies, and the selection of giK)ds is 
a fair criterion of the taste and ex|K*rience of the projirietors. 

\V. J. I'ENDRAV. 

Mr. I'endray is the proprietor of the Hritish Columbia .Soap Works, 
which he established in 1867. With small capital and limited facilities, 
supplemented with a thorough knowledge of his trade, Mr. I'endray h.os 
incre.aseil his business until now he owns one of the finest and best ap|Kiinle<l 
establishments in the Northwest. Without any aid from sulisidies he has 
fought his w.ay wy against competition, and now supplies the province with 
the m.ajor portion of soa)is consumed. His plant includes two boilers, 
cajiacity 20,00^) pounds soap stock each, one of 4,000 jtounds, and one of 
1, 000, two soap presses, one soap [lowder mill, a bluing grinder, a nint 
horse-jiowe. and seven horse-|)ower engine. Mr. I'endray's weekly turn- 
out of snap, last year, was 40,000 [lounds, Iwith ttiilet and laundry, besides 




line of the Ks<yjiniaU and Nanainui nilroad. liolh gentlemen ha\e niag- 
nificcnt residences, one of which will l>e seen in our pages. The celebrated 
and beautiful Victoria Gardens are al.vi i)ne <tf their many properties. 

THK sEIII.-IIASriE-ERSKINK KURMrlKE (oMI'A.VV, I.IMIIKl). 

This cor[x)ration went into existence July Isl, 1891, from thecimibina- 
tion of two of he Largest furniture establishments in Victoria, namely, 
th.at of Jacob .Sehl 'ad Ha.slie ^V Kn>kinc. J.icob Sehl, who for wi many 
years ». as established uodcr his own name, i- a n.itive of (Germany, ami 
was in the gold mim-s of California for a |>eriod previous !■! his .ulvent at 
\'icioria in 1858. In the year 1861 he went into the furniture business, 
and when, in 1879, the tariff on furniture wn». raised from .-eventeen and a 
half to thirlyltve |XT cent, he commenced manufacturing on liie site of his 
present store premises. The business iti. rea.wd so fist, hom vcr, lh.at in 
1884 he put up a lai|{f manufactory whi. ti, .it the present time, cm|>l<«s 
y<rne fifiy-fi'i. nien. The facti-ry pro(«i i- 64 v 84 fti-t, and i> ihi>' 
storin hiuh, being ' uilt of brick. Thvie are other smaller buildings, 
including a m'xiern dry kiln, while n warehouse, » l)olning, will sihmi be 
errfj<ai. R. Krtkinc, ^'f the coin|«<i«y, is from ( ouiii)f Anliiin, 111 the 
North of Itelaii'l, and . ime to Viitoiia, nine years njjo, |.in>t-> Ilastic is 
from Seaforih. Ontario, wheme became aliout iwelv. jents a^^i. In 18K4 
he vent into if,.- fuiniiure lai.iia-.s for liiiM»i|f and olheis. Mr. KfHkine 
j'<iiiff him tliiee years i^jo. The presiiil r mipany ilm-s a business 111 
present of alHiut $»oo,ooo 11 y< M ami fi-.! increasing; so fast. In fad, lli.ii 



l.iigi .|u.iniii!vs of bhiiiig, >ii.\i- poii-ii and bla. King, w.ishing sixla, etc., 
etc. Me sells all along the coast and as far Kast as Calgary. 

WKII.ER IIRils , sli I K:,Si)RS to JOHN WKIIKK. 



furniture 

I small he 

n'cupving 

niiM 



In 1862 John Weiler started up in the upholstery and, i.ib 
liusin<'ss on (iovernment street. In iSytj. finding his pprmMsi 
liiiilt a bhH'k on l''ort street, corner Hnioil, anil mowrl uil«> it 
.Nos. 51, 53 .ui'l 55. In 1884 he erecletl a \mffe fiurltir)- .«i Huiiiimldl 
street, which he installeil with the latest and must iinproveil niuchinery, 
and from that time his Ui^iiiess U-giin to assume very l.irge fir ijiort ions. 
January 31st, |8<)i, Mr. Wnb-r lurnd his business mer to hw four vms, 
(leorge, Charles, ( Mtoano Iime|ih Weiler, and the biisim-^* had -^ inereaw<l 
that it was deenK-rl ex[)edienl t<t errrt a four-story br.rk. 4U \ .So frri, 
manufactory .'MljaiT-nt to th« ofie .ilready o|M,'rnlrtl. This was (s|uip|irtl 
with greati*r jiowei aiiil the m«»*t mo«lern iin{ifs,vefl machinery. The 
uphoKtery dep.utmeiit is on one .tf Ihi- Ilttors <i'' the warehi>us4> adjoining 
the si.uf. and there .ire some sixiy-t'm. men eniployt-d in this and the 
factory, whic'.i latter 'n'oipies alioiit io,ouo feet o| tl.Hir s|)are, while the 
warehouve ami store premises oci upy 3O,0i«) more. I'hi payrolls uveinge 
one Ihoiis.iinl dollars ,\ »<-ek, and the business for 18<)I is esliniair'l a", a 
ipi rlei of a million of dollars. The manufactory turns mil all deM-nplioni 
.if wckkI work, ineluiling fine interior lini.hing, mantels, othce and s;)li>on 
fi»tiiri*s, etc. , el.-. Weiirr llros. do also all oi their own upholstering. 
I'hey Ciirty, l'"i, an iminens.- line of hiinilure of all devriptions, fancy 






iH 



i 



VICTORIA ILL USTRA TED. 



85 



hiniri- 
.11 lu- 

.1.11 



S) (rrl. 

rh.- 

,.1, .iiiini; 
.111.1 (111- 
,h)l.- iIh- 

-I w a 

. ti{iiiiins 
.1 -.il.»ii) 
uurini;. 
I.i:iiy 



km 



\ 



cnxkcry and (jiass wares, lam|is, omamcnLs, sllvcr-ware ami all kinds uf 
hiinse f^lrni^hini^ ^.mmIs. Their display of linoleums, oil-cl.ithsand carpets, 
Ihe latter mostly .if the celeliraicd Criis^ley make, would seem in them- 
selves to l»e suflicient for a hanil>^tme Imsines^, The firm has heeit a 
remarkably successful .me, an.l the cut of ifcir warehouse, shown in these 
paj^es, can yive but a faint idea .>f the immense business traiis.acted within 
its walls. 

M. R. SMIIII,' 

.Senior nietnlier f>f the firm of M. R. Nmith tt Co., c.immenced business in 
the liread-liakiin; line in the year 1858, carrying en ..perations, with the 
aid .tf his tw<. sons anil wife, until the [.rcMrnt time, and h.as now the largest 
business in his line in the city, if not in the pr.ivince. Two years ago he 
established a steam factory, the.mly.tne .if the kiiul in Victoria. He keeps 
twenty-six han.ls constantly empl.»ye.|, turning out bread, cakes, biscuits, 
jumbles, etc., etc. They supply the bulk of the Indian trade in pilot 
biscuits between here an.l .Alaska. The fact.iry is a large ihreestor}' and 
basement building on Ni.agara street, 25 x 84, \.ilh outbuildings and stables. 
The bread is all baked in the b.iscment. A f.jrty horse-jK.wer engine runs 
the machinery on the upper HcKirs. Smith & Co.'s bre.id and cakes are 
well and favorably kn.iwn to the h»>use-keei>ers of the city. 

Ml IIOI.I.KS \N1> RE.NfllK. 

This firm is cimi|xiseil of .Mr. J. Xich.illes, a native of London, Kng- 
land, who ,arne here in 1862; foil. iweil civil en^jineeririg from 1869 to 1S75, 
an.l later was connecte.l 
with the firm of ( laresche, 
(jreen i*^ C".»., bankers, 
and Mr. C. K. I<en..uf, 
who is a native of the Isle 
of Jersey, .ami came direct 
from there in 1879. Jle 
was connected with the 
Ilasiing's Saw Mill ( ... 
ami K. 1'. Rithel & Co. 
until the present firm was 
stp.rtcl, in 18S5. Mr. 
Kenouf w.is ele.le.l .\1 
.lermiii, Jan. 1st. 1891. 
The firm iloes a gener.il 
hardware anil miplement 
business, Uilh wh..les;ile 
an.l retail, carrying .» 
large stock of shelf an.l 
heavy hardwaie. agricul- 
tural implenieiiis, mining 
anil mill maihinery. The 
business f..r the first tw.) 

years was al>.iul .ine thir.l in volunit- ibr jm.Mml that it stands at present. 
Tluy .ire agents for .\. Harris. S,mi in\... (Ilmiir.!), I lanesling Machinery : 
C.«kshuf. I'l.nighC... : I. <•. Wisiicr, .S.in>M"..., Seed Prills and .Seeders; 
\Vaterliou.s< Kiigine W.irks d., .if Kranif.ir.1. .ind many other concerns as 
famous as those nienliiiriril. Thi-y are alw ac^nls for the Hartforil Fire 
Insurani'v Co., aiid the >c"ttish 1'iik« an<l Xilvmal Hire In»uiaiire Cw 
pames. Messrs. Ni<h.ill«s ,in.t Kcfkarf have mam- .ilht-r large lni»i«iess 
inleresls. .md .Mr. K.-itouf lioi. ilev..i«J lsii>«lf grcally to civi.: affairs : he 
has lietrn .imong thr ti>tciiM>«( !■■ iiiie'eJ hin>«rif in the annual c«h»ti«oi«»> 
the LUccirss .if which 1-. m 1 grt-jt ttwa-mrc, clue to hi* eftirts. 
vi<:i.>Ki\ \ I ■.(■(.*« ANI< s\i.f; Works. 
Mr. I. H lalisiner, ..I ilu- firm .if Iti.lgerow .V Kalisinrr, wfll Uiv.wn 
vinegar manul.i'iiiiers <if Toronto arriveil it) Vi.-i..ria in the earls part i' 
l.isl Spring, an.l .it once coiif.iiencn! ex'ensi'-^ improvements 1.1 the buililing 
..f Joseph Hey» xkI, next to the city clwttK light building, for the estab- 
lishment, uniler the firm n.ime of J. H. |-'ali-.<i«. ..f \inegar, viuce, pickles 
an.l preserving works. lie. it onrr set .lUiuI in; nufacluring m.ilt. cider, 
while «ine. raspU-try an.l sirawlwrry vinegan, ais.- -nail vinegar in liotiles, 
pure apple ci-ier, sweet eider, clarifisj c.ier, rrlmni ci.lcr, fancy mixed 
pickles, sBuies, tomato catsup tby .1 new (irtxfssl, flavoring extracts, 
lemon and vanilla, alvi mushroom rasup, maple syrup am! other 
table tlelii-acies. There were many who iliHibtcvl the success of 
this new enlerprisi', .'^ ; 'o 'he preju.luv »up(Kis<d t.i exist against 
({..His of this ilcscri' ii..n .if lot.il maiml turc, bu' the roull showeil 




Ihe falsity of such iile.as. From the outset the business has been a succes,s, 
and the demaml, which now extends from all parts of the province, is 
increasing ilaily. Mr. Falconer is an expert in his line of business, and has 
had a remarkable exiierieiice f.ir a young man, having gone on a tour 
through Fa'.rope for the pur|wise of securing a transfer, in ( .erniany and 
other places, of the best known patents and pr.icesses f.ir ni.iking vinegar. 
I le also workeil for a period in one of the largest mall \ inegar manufactories 
of London, lOnglan.l, for the purpose of acpiiring a th.irough knowledge 
of the most improved jirocess adopted so far in that country. Mr. F'alconer 
is a Scolchiiian by birth, and stanils high in business circles for ability and 
integrity. 

TlKNKk, lil-:i;i.lN AMI CO. 

No Victoria firm has a higher stan.ling than this one, which is com- 
posed of Mr. J. II. Turner, .\1. I'. I', ami Minister of .Vgricullure and 
Finance, and .\Ir. H. C. Heelon, .\gent (ieneral. Mr. Turner has charge 
of the business at Victoria, and .Mr. lieeton, .at I.onilon, Faigland. The 
firm occupies its own premises at the foot of \'ales street, in a brick build- 
'"K 75 'v '2.S feel, while below them, on the wharves at the w.ater front, 
they have five bonded and olher warehouses, which will be seen in this 
book, and which occupy a fron,.-ige of 300 feet, providing facilities for the 
loading and iliscli.Trging .if the numerous steamers and sailing vessels .ilw.iys 
at the wharves, and for the stor.age of iiuiuense (luantilies .if giMids. The 
firm's nterprises are numerous am! far reaching ; besiiles driving a large 

salmon cannery business 
they are interested in gen- 
eral merchan.lising and 
are agents for the follow- 
ing houses in Europe 
an*! elsewhere : M. B. 
l-'oster & Sons, London, 
Englam' ; John Hall & 
Son, London, England ; 
J. S. Fry \ Son, Bristol, 
England ■. Ceo. Woslen- 
holme & Son, (limited), 
Sheffield, England ; Wil- 
liams, Humbert s^ Co., 
London, F^ngland ; Doul- 
to.i iV Co., L.indon, Eng- 
land ; Jonas Brooks, Bros. , 
lluddersheld, England ; 
Win. Jameson ^t Co., 
Dublin, Irelan I; B.inlel- 
Icau iV I'll., Barbcjieux, 
Franee;(i. Preller&Co., 
Bordeaux, France; Cock- 
burn, Smithers.:i Co., Lon.lon an.l Oporl'i; Hiram Walker & Sons, WalKi'l 
ville, Canada. They represeni, also, ihe followint; Fire an.l Mariiu Insurance 
Companies; C.uanlian, N.irth British an.l Mercantile, of London, and Com- 
mercial Insurance Co., (Marine), San Francisi-o, Cal. In salmon 1 aniiing 
they own their own cannery, the "Inverness," iin llir Skeeii.t tlver, and atu 
jfjents for the " Balmoral," also a Skeena river cannery. Mt. Turner, 
111 the firm, is a native of l-aigland, an.l first cAiie 1.1 British Columbia 
in 1862 ; lie was one of the committee for fiirmiing the V'lliintcers of Van- 
c.iuver Islaml. anil retire.l into the reserve militia in Jini.-. 1881, with Ihe 
commission .il Lieutenant-Colonel. He was elected l.i the City Council 
of Victoriii in 1S77 and serve.l two years, subsequently occupying tlic 
mayorahv hair for three successive years. He was also Chairman of the 
B. C. Benevolent .Society and the Royal Hosiiiial for three years. Mr. 
Beeton, who is a man .if very considerable literary ability and learning, is 
peculiarly well fitte.l (>>r the oftice of .\gent C.eneral, an.l has done much 
for the province in giving inlellig;ir. rejsirts of the country's i.eeils an.l 
advantages to the people of Knglan.l. 

MXRVI.N AM) TILTON. 
Mr. E.lgar Marvin. ..I ihis house, reec.ly deccast I. vv.is a native of 
Syra»-us^'. N. V., and was a torty-niner .11 California with V. S. Senator 
Felt..ri, with whom he came to Victoria in 1S62 ami started Ihe present 
house. Mr. E.loard (i. Tilton 's a n.itive of IV-iaware, and caiDO t.i Puget 
.Siiund in 1853 with his father. I eing the first Surveyor Cienernl to Wash- 
ington. Ill ter.iaineil in the i'uget Sounii country until 1865, returned 



.i s 



i 



' 



» / I 



I 






86 



VICTORIA ILL USTRA TED. 



East nnil again came to lh(i roast in 1870, fulkiwint; his profession of civil 
engineer for tl)e Northern Pacific. In 1875 he wenttoSouth America and 
engaged hims.'lf on the railways of the Andes, and when the contract was 
let for the building of the Canadian racilic, in 1880, he became the Chief 
Engineer am! Su|)eiintendcnt under Onderdonk, the contractor. He left 
there in iSSj and came to Victoria, taking a half interest in the above 
business, which includes a general hardware, iron and steel, cordiige, 
chains, mill and building supply and slulf hardware business. It is the 
oldest house in Dritish Columbia, and does .i wholesale ami retail business 
of about $150,000 a year. 

E. (1. I'RIOR AND COMPANY. 
This firm is eom|H)sed of Colonel E. (i. Prior, M. P., .nd .\I •. ( ■. I'. 
Mathews. Colonel Prior is from Yorkshire, England ; he was educated in 
mining engineering, and after coming to liritish (-olumbia was, until 1878, 
for five years mining engineer and surveyor (or the Vancouver Coal Mining 
and Land Company, tluring which time he was electeil a life member of 
the North of England Institute of Mining and Civil Engineers, lie was 
also for two years (iovernment In-ipector of .Mines, t'olonel Pri r i., Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the II. C. Hrigaile ( larri; ""n Artillery and hold; .1 certificate 
of qualilication from the Royal .School of Artillery; he was .appointed an 
extra .Aide dc Camp 
to the ( iovernor-den- 
cral of Canada in Jan- 
uary, 1 8Sy ; i'onni)an< I - 
e<l the Canadian ritle 
team at liisley, Eng- 
land, Jul/, 1890 : he 
sat in the Legislative 
Assembly of British 
Columbia from 'he 
general election of 
July bill, 1S86, until 
January 23d, 1S8.S, 
when he resMjned to 
become a candidate 
for Ills present seat in 
the I)ominion Parlia- 
ment on its becoming 
vacant byihc appoint- 
ment of the sitting 
member, Mr. .Shake- 
speare, to the (Mist- 
masleiship of Vic- 
toria. Colonel Prior 
was first rclurncd to 
parliament on June 
23d, 188S, by accia 
mation, and he was 
re-ele<;ted at the last 
general election. He 

is a Conservative in |.olitics. The (inn oi which E. <;. Prior iV Co. 
are the outcome was foundeil in 1859 by Alfred lellows, and. after 
many changes, CoUmel Prior Imught a half share in 1S80, ami the lirm 
name was changed to Fellows iV Prior. In l88j t'olonel Prior bought 
out Mr. I'cllow's interest aiid three years Inter ailinitted to partniTshi|j Mr. 
Mathews, who is an Englishman anil had l)een for a |K'rio<l in his eiiiphiy. 
The present large and handsome struciute was erected by Iheni in 188S. 
The firm's business consists of general men hanilising in iron, steil, hard- 
ware, agricultural implements, wagons, buggies, etc. lliey are si .|r a);eiits (or 
liritish Colli nbia for the Massey Manufacturing Company's Hinders, Mow- 
ers, Kakesand liriljs ; I). M. ( )sl)orne .V Cnmpany's Hinders and M'.wcrs; 
American Hain W.igon ( ..mpany's l-reighl and K.^rm Wagons : I hatham 
Manufaituring loinpaiiys \V.i;jons and Carls ; Hrantford Carriage Com 
pany's Carri.agr; and Huggies ; Sawyer iV .M,tsse)'s Threshing oiitlits, and 
many other eipiady celebrated ije-. and firms too numerous to mention. 

IiAV'li si'KNcKK. 

.Mr. SjH-neer is a native of South Wales, Englan<l : came to Victoria 

in ■)i64 and went into stationery and fancy g'H>ls, which he carrnd on for 

six years, after which he joined William henny. In .Man h, 1S70, Ihey 

dissolved partnership .ind h<' then started the present house. Ihiisuleof 




VIRUS 'N HAVIII SPKSi KR s ^TORR 



the regular dry goods business .Mr. Spencer carries a large stock of carpets 
of high grade. Oriental rugs, etc., and has a fine <lressmaking and millinery 
department, manufacturing ladies' bath gowns, lea gowns, etc., etc. His 
business this year will amount to $2oo,ocx). lie carries $|20,ckx) worth 
of stock, and imports direct from Erance, Germany and England, one of 
his sons going once a year to Europe to make purchases. His store is 240 
feet long, 66 feet in fnmt and 33 feet in the middle, and twn stories in 
height, and the building is fully lighted by skylights. Mr. .Spencer is one 
of ihe most progressive retail merchants of the Northwest, and his stock of 
goods, for taste and elegance, is not eipiaMed anywhere North of San 
Francisco. 

nRAIlICN ANIi STAMFORD. 

.Mr. John Hraden, of this house, was born at Liverpool, where he 
served r.u apprenticeship with David Katcliffe, who has since been knighieil 
by the Queen, and pursued his occupation for the parent house in London, 
lielfast, Chester, Wales, Warwickshire and Warwick on large contrr.cts. 
He went to Olympia, Washington, in 1871, and came to Victoria two years 
later. In 1875 he formed the house of .Stewart ii Hraden, which was 
continued until 18S4. Mr. James L-'ciard .SlaniCord w.as born :\ Koyston, 
("ambridgeshire, Ivngland, and enii;,rateil to Canaika. He was there 

eng.iged in buililing 
the gas wo;'iis in dif- 
ferei. ^ nies, and sub- 
sequently went to 
Newport, Rhode Is- 
land, in 1883. One 
year later he was sent 
out by K. I). Wood 
&('o.,thewell known 
house of Pliiladel- 
phia, to build the gas 
works at Taconia, 
and having completed 
them he built those 
of Olympia, New 
Westminster, \anai- 
ino ami Vancouver. 
lie was next employ- 
eil tobuild the woolen 
mill at Westminster, 
and, later, reiiuHlel 
the gas works at Vic- 
toria. The present 
firm was started in 
June, 18S8, anil have 
since built the Port 
.\ngeles water works, 
in addition to which 
they will this year 
construct the gas 
works and electric light plant of the same city. Hraden \ Stainfonl 
.ire knov.'i as tieain, hot water ami saiiilary engineers, and carry 
evirything in that line. They ate doing, r.l Ih- present time, a busi 
ness of about $101,000 a year. They furnished the plumbing for the 
Canadian Pacific Kailw.iy Hotel at V.iniou\rr, and the Jubilee Hospital, 
the V. M. C. A. building. Central .Si hoot, Jens>-n's Hotel, .New York 
Hotel, and many other we'l known structures nf Vietnria, They do all 
the Engli.h Navy work j Esipiimull, luul are Ixilli strong siip|Kiriers of the 
Dominion and Provincial (io\ernmenls. .Mr. Hraden was app.iiii;ed a 
Director if t hi- Jubilee Hospital by the Provincial I loxernnieiil. The firm 
employ almut thirty men, ai'tl have the largest business in their lin.: in 
the province. 

T. II. I'KAIISilN AND <■<>. 

Among those establishments commencing business in a modi-tiit'- way 
and have, in a roinparatively short time, gn>wn to iii.itrrial proiniiu nee in 
the fnmt rank, none navr ellipse I theaUive linn. They .'re mamifaiiurer* 
of shins, ovrralU and 1' .thing ot every description. The li.iuso waseslnb- 
lislied in l^84. and liiU) now ormpy a two story, 30 « (it,, liuildii.g, well 
afrangrd and supplied with Ihi- latest and most appn.ved iiki' liineiy. 
Thiy employ some forty I. mils, wiih an average otiipul of from \to 



v. I * 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



87 



to 150 (liiZt'M per week, of a (jualily rcco^ni/cd as liaviii^ nn superiur. 
Much of the success is due to Mr. I'earsou's e\teiuieti kiiu'vled^e uf his 
liusiness and his al)ilily as a buyer and nianat;er. Their Iwo travellers arc 
constantly on the road, and their goods have been sent as far Kast as 
Winnipeg. 

IIKNRY SAUNDKRS. 

Mr. Saunders is a native of London, Kngland, leaving that place for 
Victoria, coming direct, and rcachcil here in 1862. lie engaged in thi; 
grocery trade, and h.is now one of the largest anil best appointed establish- 
ments of this kind in .he city. Kor twenlylive years he has supplied the 
citizens of Victoria with groceries, wines, li(|uors, cigars, etc., importing 
nearly altogether. Last year he built the store and warehouse which he 
now occupies. The building is an exceedingly handsome one, consisting 
of two stories atul two b.asemenls, 40 x \2.\ feet, light, airy and attractive. 
Mr. Saunders has the contract for supplying Iler Majesty's Navy at I-'sfpu- 
niall, besides which several delivery w.igous are kept constantly busy. His 
business has experienced a steady, healthy growth ever since it was first 
established. 

LENZ A.VI) I.ICISF.R 

Are the largest importers and ma.iufacturers of diy goods in British 
Columbia. They carry an immense stock ol clothin ■ here, and their 
jiresent spacious three-story liuililingon Yalcs street, corner of Commercial 
alley, is not any too large for their rei|uirements. Iloth mendiers of the 
(irni received their training in the tiry goods busi- 
ness in one of ihe chief dry gomls houses in d'-'r- 
many, and their business methods are characterized 
by an admirable thoroughness which speaks well 
for their early training in the business. Mr. Lenz 
spends the major portion of his time in Kngland. 
Cierinany and France, purchasing goods for their 
business here. 

v.. H. MARVIN AND CO. 
The founder of tliis house, \Ir. K. H. Mar- 
vin, was txjrn .-it Halifax, Nova .Scotia ; in 1H52 
he left New Vork and arrived in San Krancisco, 
via Cape Horn, on November 30th, 1852 ; he 
remained there several years, during which time 
o.uurred all the excitement attendant upon the 
actions of the vigilance conunittee, and left in 
January, 1S57, for Australia, arriving at Sydney 
in March of the same year. From Sydney he 
proceeded to .Melbourne and the .ce to the mines, 
where he reni:(ined until .September, 185S, when, 
hearing of the discoveries of gold on the l''ra.ser 
river, he left for lUilish Columbia and landed at 
Ks(|uimall, January IJth, 1859, by sailing vessel, 
having been detained en route for six weeks at the Sandwich Islands 
on account of the vessel losing one of her masts in a storm, .\fter 
making a trip to San F rancisco and return Mr. .Marvin left in March, i860, 
for the Kraser river, at.d t.upk the steamer l-'liza ,\nilerson (still in use on 
the Sound! as far as l-Urt Hope, whence he cacioeil it all the way up to 
the Moulli l,'uesnelle, on the I'ruser ; he, however, remained only until 
June, when he reluinid to Vi.;toria, and the fiH.iwing month o|iened what 
was the luuliu"- of his pieseni liamlstmie business, namely, that of ship- 
chnmllery and sail making. The business has now grown to very large 
pro(»iiiioi>, and on the lirsi o( January, iX'io, .Mr. Marvin ass.icialeil wuh 
him, OS iMrli^rrs, Captain J. C.. Cox and Mr. F. \V. .\dains. Mr. Maivin 
is Inigely iiiteresteil in the sealing industiiesand i^ p.irt owner in the seal- 
ing sih.Miners S.ipphire, Itiuiiiph, H. Cox ami F. B. Marvin. He his 
licen latHely identilie.l with the city's interests, and is a member of the 
British ( .tlumliia Ikmtd of Trade. 

f. M' .'I M>h \M' SiiN. 

This houM 1. i» (otiiidvil In |S<lS b\ \li. 1' Mc(,H»*.le. whi) (-•i«>- hrrc 
fliuu .\il-<..y, N. « \i«k i he <»\. folli.w..! two ye.1i< later !■» tos «"n, Mr. 
F A. Mnjiiaile, .imi «l>s' ■t.tini) by hisoth.r son. Mi. I.. (>. .Mei^Hiade. 
In 1X5K Mr M\'uale. .nor, tiKik his sons into p.irtnei>lii|i under llw 
linn n.in>. .>» \ Mi ',li'i« ' A Si,n~. nid since hisdeuli iheyhave hn'l entire 
< hitiv ' \IVairH. n, (inn iliMs .igenera! ship chandlery oiisincw. which 
IS es|iM tally lui 1 i!i\e »hi'n- Ih'-n is such .1 huge aniouiil o( >!., '^itiij and 
Hhip liuililiitii »* ■•' Vicloritt ; tin.) 'mnisli. .dsi., caiim o siippli. ■ Htlil llin-, 




II. SAfNDEKS, liRIXtKlKS, L ll. . 



in the course of years, the volmiie of trade done has const. iiitly increased 
until it now reacliesabout $40,i>X) a year. .All steamers and sailing vessels 
from this port rerpiire constant supjilies, while the fitting out of the sealers 
each year is a very large item. The sons have ably managed the business 
and stand exceedingly well in commercial circles. 

JilSKril SKARS. 

Mr. Sears was bum in Kio Janeiro, of .\nifcrican parentage, ami is one 
of the pioneers of Victoria, having been here since 1S62. lie learned hi.s 
trade in Ihe city, and entered the business himself in .March, 1876. He 
has been somewhat of a traveller, having covered a large amount of territory 
before going into business for himself. He sells painters' sup])lies and 
paper hangings, furnishes plate and stained glass and bruslus, and dties 
sign-writing ami decorating generally, and liii business isat ihe heail of the 
Victoria liinis in this line. 

CAKNK AMI MIISSIK. 

F. Came, Jr., who is a n.itive of England, and came to Victoria 
twenty-six years .ago; h.as been twenty years in the grocery business, 
thirteen of which w.is with one house and ihe balance of ihe lime with the 
present concern. William .Munsie, of the house, is a native of I'ictou, 
Nova Scolia, and has been fourteen years in Victoria, coming to the city to 
start the stove manufacturing branch of work for the .\lbion Iron works. 
He remained there until the present ccmcer.n w.as started. The firm do a 
general trade in groceries and are very popular, 
and run a bu.sine.ss of about $IO,OCXj a month. 
They are owners of the sealers Pathfinder, Viva 
and Mary Taylor, and have been very successful 
in all their outside operations. The senior mem- 
ber of the firm is also the principal ow ner of the 
Shawnigan Lake Lumber Company. Their hand- 
some residences will be seen in our pages. 
A. II. CRAY AND COMTANY. 
Mr. .\. H. Cr.iy wa. born in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and came to Victoria in June, 1 86,;, 
by the steamer Southampton, via Panama. In 
1864 he occupied a position as salesman for John 
Wilkie 1!^ Co. in the premises now occupied by 
himself. Three years later he eng.agcd in Ihe 
dry goods business on his own account at New 
Westminster, B. C. , which was then the capital 
of the Mainland. The following year he pur- 
chased the retail dry goixis business on (.iovern- 
nient street, Victoria, ami remained there until 
1S83, when he entered the wholesale trade, add'r.g 
liquors and cigars to his line of stock. A. B. 
Coay \ Co. are at present relinquishing their 
dry goods line ar.<l devoting themselves more extensively to their other 
lines of business. They are general agents for the British Empire Mutual 
Life Insurance Agency ; fo' the ci lebrated Chappell Pianoforte | lor the 
celebrated chanip;.gnes of Ch.as. lleidsick, of Rein- ihe li. & 10 Terrier, 
of Chalons, and a number of the finest brands of .Votch and Irish Whisky, 
Brandy Kum ; English .-Me and Stout; Red and (ireen din: Belfast 
(linger .\le. Ports, Sherries, li.piorv tssortol binvrs and im|H)tted cigars. 
Mr. '. iray is one of the prominent nienilx'<-« >>< ilk Board of Trade, having 
been eleUiJ to the council of thi'r IvkI\, 

I ANill.KV Wo I'O.Ml'ANY. 

This firm, which is the oldest wholesale and retail drug house in 
Victoria, is com|iosed of .\. J. Uingley, J. N. Henderson and T M, 
Henderson. The Henderson brothers are from Montreal, Cainda, and have 
K'cn hue a!«'iil five yeiirs. Mr. Langley. who is a naiiv, of Kichhelil, 
Staffordshire, Knglaml, came here in 185S, and establisheii the preseat 
house, which has grown to its present immense si« through vit»^;i««(bI' 
management. The busini,s ,i| the firm 1 \i' iidsas far Vast as lllcstitt.<w»' 1. 
It. < ., mill Nulh far Is «,<id the mark ..I . u i!i7.ilion. 
II. E. OAMI'IIBII.. 

Mr Cin,,ilK'll, who is .1 native of ( anrda, came to Vu toria fourtMM 
vears .ago. uul enteretl the 'hug lii'sinevs, which he Il-s built up •<■• JM 
present si7.e. Since oiieni»»; the business he has I'ut iin over 77,000 pre- 
scriptions, always ko. pin^ on hand the finest and rarest chemicals in 




ijiwiiuuutr' 






88 



VICTOR r A ILL USTRA TED. 



iisf, iiichidinj; a iuunl)or of his own speciiillifs, prominent amoiij; which 
are the rcldirali' 1 liraik'n's Cough Cure, CaniphcH's Sars:iparilla lilood 
Purifier, CauiphoH's Uose Leaf Face INjwnler, Japanese Hair Tonic, 
etc., etc. Mr. Campbell carries a full line of toilet articles, from 
the cheapest to the most expensive ; pays strict attention to family 
recipes ami orders. An ardent sportsman, in company with John Kannin, 
of the Provincial Museum, Victori."., .Mr. Campb'-ll has made fre(|uent trips 
through the Selkirk and Fraser l<anf;es, as also the West coast o' iho 
Island, and the line hea<ls and antlers which adorn the walls of hi . store 
."•e a token of his skill in the chase, lie is also the possessor o. a fine 
kennel of <Iogs. Mr. Campbell is a very popular man in Viclorin. 
H.NtH.AY, DURHAM AND HRODIK. 
This firm is a branch of the Knglish house of the same name, ami is 
principally engaged in salmon fisheries on the dilTerenl rivers in Uritish 
Columbia, having live canneries in all, and a saw mill in conjunction with 
them. Their output h.as reached an amount of about Oo.ooo ca.ses of salmon 
per year, which find their way to .'an.idian, Fnglish and Australian 
nwrkets. The firm are agents for the British Columbia Canning Co. of 



for the Royal Insurance Co. ; London & Lancashire Fire Insur- 
.\nct Co. : Standard Life, of Fdinburgh ; London Assurance Corporation, 
and the London A' Provincial .Marine Co. The tirm is represented in 
London by Messrs. II. J. Cardiuer, No. I Cresham Building, liasinghall, 
1'. C. Mr. Ward is Consul for the Kingdom of .Sweden iV Ndrwiiy, having 
been appointed in 1S79. lie has been a member of the Council of the 
Board of Trade almost uninterruptedly since it was founded, and (luring 
his four ye.irs of office as President has made its inlUience felt more than 
ever before, lie served as Councillor and Chairman of the Finance Com- 
mittee in the Victoria Municipal C<juncil in 1885. He is a Magistrate for 
the Pnjvince of British Cohnnbiii ; a Pilotage Commissioner, and Man- 
aging Director of the British Colundiia Corporation, limileil. 

KI.Ni;HAM AM) MINOR. 

This is a succession <.)f the lirm of Pentiock vS; Kinghani, Mr. Minor 
having liought Mr. Pennock's interest in the business. Mr. J. Kingham is 
lately from Fngland. They carry a large and well selected stock of optical 
gooils, diamonds, jewelry, etc., etc., and do a very extensive repairing 
tr.ide. They manufacture many articles from the raw n tierial, employing 




Lcmdon; also ol the Northern Fire insurance Co, ol Lonihm ami .Aiier 
deen, and of the British \ Foreign Mirine Insurance Co. of London. Mr. 
M. T. Johnston, the manager of this house, is a native ol .Scotlaml, and 
has resideil in Victoria since 1865, h:^ving a^sumeil the management of the 
present company in 1876. Me is a prominent member of the Bo.ird of 
Trade, and has been elected (me of its ('■.uncil. 

ROllKRI iVAKD, J. I'. 

Mr. Ward, who, for the past four years, has been President of the 
Uritish Columbia Board of Tr.ide, came to Victuiia at the close of the 
Crown Colony d.iys, ami was, for a time, in the office of the Auditor- 
General until after the confederation of Canada, lie joined the house of 
Welch, Uilhet \ Co. at its inception in 1871, and remained there live 
years. Me subseijuently joined Stahls( hmidt \ Co., which was otablished 
IS Hen lervin ^ Hurnaby in 1S62. The lirm was changed to Stahlschmi It 
\ Ward in 1876, and in 18K1 .Mr. Ward became the s.ile partner and 
chang(rd the lirm to Kolicrt Ward iV Co. 1 hey are largely interested lo 
the leading iir.|)<)rts and exports of the country, cs|iecially the priKlui t of 
the salmon fiheries, in which they have seen the full career, and they 
represent ll\e of the leading establishments on this coast. In addition, 
Ihey are the leading intullliKe hiiii of thi ■ ily, being geiuial ugents 



n. worknieri. Ihey are binh sin.irt, lulelligeiil men, and thoroughly 
understand their business. 

COWAN AND WILSON. 

This wholesale grocery hcuse is the largest fruit im|»>rling tirm on the 
Nuriliwcstern C.iast, handling in immense (juantilies California and tropicd 
fruits, l).ith dried and green. The firm is composed of .Mayn.ird II. Cowan 
and William. Wilson. Mr. Cowan is a native of Ottawa, Ontario, and has 
been in Victoria for the past eight years. Ill started the lirm of Cowan, 
Shaw iV Co. live years .ago, doing a general commissiim ami agency busi 
ntss, prineipally representing large nianiifacturif> in the Kasi. Two years 
ago he and Mr. Wil«on iHwght out the stock and giK»l will of S. J. Pitts, 
who had f'Unded the present businevk Their trad( has increased cnor 
niously, and their present business amounts to $750,(X» yearly. The slm^k 
comprises everything in the gtiKery line sta(>le and fancy pcKliirr and 
proxisions, eli\, etc. They supply the priiuipnl groeerfc of this prov^fire, 
and slii{>, via Alaska, to the northern jnirtion of British C(plumbia, (In^ 
having to be done in bond. Their premises have a fron'age of si«iy feel 
im Vales strtct, with a depth of one hundred feel, and the building is two 
stories in height. Mr. ( owan was at one lime Manager of the |i. C. lire 
liisurjiKe Co., ai'd one of the lust chosen of the Boaril ol |)irectoi> | 



VICTOR /A ILLUSTRATED. 



«., 



i I . 



the Virloriii Tramway Co. Mr, \Vm. Wilson, his parlncr, is cine i)f Ihi- 
most proinineiil and wealthy men in the city, ami is th<iron(;lily well known 
throughout the N.irlhwerl. The lirni have travelers on the roail tonslantly, 
thoroujjhly roverin^ the entire husiness portion of the proviiu'e. To Mr. 
Cowan, who is the active partner, is due great credit for the success in 
making; this house rank as It does. .\llh(JU);h a youn].; man, on assumiuj; 
charge of the Imslness he covered the field with a glance, used his energies 
in the proper (lirecll<ins and acconiplisheil what few men would have even 
attempted. 

Ill XI II. ROSS. 

Mr. kc)>s, who is a native of I'ennsylvinia, went to Carihoo in 1870 
and enga|;ed as a merchant there. Mr. Josiah Hcedy, his uncle, wa^ the 
one to create the first excitement in Cariboo liy liringing a nugget of gold 
to Victoria, lie had, at that time, stores all the way from Victoria to 
('aril)oo, and was one of the pioneer merchants of the region. Mr. Uoss 
returned to Victoria and founded the present business in 1875. lie is an 
American citizen, never having seen til to exchange his tlag, hut is as 
prominently identilied as almost any other man in Victoria with the inter- 
ests, local anil olherwise, of this city. He has been a very successful 
merchant, and is one of the bent known and highly respecteil men of 
Victoria. 

I.AWKKNCE COODALKK. 

.Mr. Ci lodacre, who has been one of the most successful merchants of 
Victoria, is a native of Nottingham, Kngland, and was engaged in his 
present business in that city, lie came to Victoria in 1866, and the busi- 
ness of .Mr. Harris was at that lime bought oul by .Mr. Coodacre's partner, 
.Mr. Stafford. The place of liu>ine-.s was nni'vl tie • '.'ueen's .Market," 
and has retained thai appelalion ever since, .'.tr. 'i • .lacre has thus been 
in the business Iwciily-tive years, having j'mU" into partnership with Mr. 
StafTord, who afterwards died, leaving him snL jirupriclnr. The '.laui^hu-r 
house ol the tirm is near the 
city, and the magnitude of ihe 
business can be gathered from 
Ihe fact thai the daily slaughter- 
ing is from six to eight cattle, 
thirty-live shei-p and lambs, and 
ten calves and hogs. Mr. iJooil- 
acre is a wholesale and retail 
butchei;, and c<intraclor by ap- 
poinlmenlof Her .Maje-.ty's Unyal 
-Navy, ihe Dominion tloveru- 
inent, ami a numlier of large 
cor|)orations. He has shown his 
conlidence in the future of N'ic- 
toria by large in\eslinents in 
lantied property, and has served 
1 terms as memlier of ihe City 
Loumil. 

A. II I.KsKlxh. 

Mr. I'!iskine was Uirn in 
the North of lieland : left iheie 
when ipiile young, and spent 
some years in l'!astern Can.ida, 
coming to \'icloria in the -Sprinir 
of 1S79. He was engaged as 
sale^m.m with Henry Mansell for 
seven ye.irs, when he started for himself in the preseitl ln.>incss. He car- 
ries a general stock of Uwits and >hiies, which he iiniiorl-. chielly from the 
I'niled .Stales, Ka-.tern Can.ida and Kngland. His premi«es (corner of 
(iovermncnt .md Johnson streets) are very commodious, and show him to 
lie a thorough business man, and fully alive to the interesis of his business, 
which is increasing lu'a\ ily each year. 

Ill Ml IIK.RAT AM) CO.MI'ANV. 

This house w.as founded in 1S59, .md has since changed hands several 
times, although it has always Ik-cii very successful. Mr. J. Coigdarip]K', a 
native of the Smilh of Krance, is senior member ol the linn. He came 
*lircct to \'ictoria and engageii in business here, joining the oM tlrm in 
1K84. Mr. I. like Piilier, his partner. haiU from New \'ork, and has lieen 
a le^idcnl i>f \ictiin.i a number of years, enuring the present linn •\ lS<^. 
The" linn handle f\er)thing in I-rench wine-. -Sauternes, Itiirgiindies, 
Champagne's anil Clarets, l'.»gelher with .Me-., Stout and Beer and a general 
line of cig.ir* The turn-over for l.ial year amounted lo $ioo,ooo, and this 
year li will exce'<l this amount considerably. They enjuy a giiml reputa- 
lifin in business, and are the only house of any magnitude, exclusively, in 
this line. 

MCl.KNNAN AMI MiH Kl V. 

The tirm is ooni|«ised of K. 1'. McLennan, a native of I'ictou. No a 
.Scoiia, who came here in l,S.S4. and K. J. .Mcleely, a native of l.indsaf, 
Ontario, wh-i came In the province ihc year follow .ng. For the past live 
years they have Inen engimeil in llie plumbing md tinning business Uith in 
this city and in V.incoiuer. They have a large store in Imth of liiese 
cities, carry large lines of hoti>c-furni>hing'.. stoves, ranges, etc. Their 
s|M.'cialties .ire : rooting, gas and hoi water livlure^, hot air furnai-es and 
picket wire fencing. They have i|uilea numUr of men and Isiysemplnyeil, 
and have several large eoiiiracts on hand, one of vthich is the riKifing ami 



M. K. SMItit AND CO., 'llsCUlf MANUKAC I TRERS. 



ornamental sheet iron work of the new Koman Catholic Cathedral, coniraci 
jiriie of which is $1 |,(X». .Mr. McLennan looks after the linn's intensls 
III Victoria, while .Mr. .Mcl-'eely atleiicU lo the Vancouver branch. 'I'hey 
are both young men, ami have shown a progi . -.siveness and I'liergy which, 
condiincd with strict attention to business, h.ave made their enterprise a 
Very successful one. 

IIDTKI. llAl.l.AS. 

William Jensen, the proprietor of this hotel, was Imii, in Liverpool, 
Kngland, and came to the Cinted Stales in 1S58. lie served intiic I'liileil 
Slates .\rmy, during part of ihe rebellion, in the I'orlietli New Jersey 
Kegiineiil, I'. S. Infantry, Sixth Corps, .\rmy of the I'otomac, and remained 
until Ihe dose of the rebellion. On his return from the war he went inlo 
business at Williamsburg, .New York, and subseipicnlly .South iinioklyn, 
remaining there until 1,S()8. !■ rom .New York he organized a colony, on 
Horace Creely's advice ('* \'oung men, go West and build cities") went to 
Kansas and engageii in business at Waterville. He afterwards built the 
second hotel ai Concordia, and later, eiiiered the hotel business at t!a«ker 
City. He left there for California in the Spring of 1S72 in search of a 
localion for business, and, not finding what he wanted, came to I'uget 
.Sound and ran the .American I^xcliange Hotel at .Seattle for three years. 
In the .Autumn of 1877 he came to Victoria, re-named the old Koyal 
Hotel the " l)ccidental,'' enlarged it by ll.c addition of fifty rooms, Uaight 
the property and resold it iluring the present ye.ir. Th- Hotel Dallas, 
which he has just built, is situated u]» m half an acre of (iiound on Hallas 
Road. The hotel is three stories in height, one hundred and twenty feet 
front, sixty-five feel in depth, contains sixty !ied-ri»ims, twelve sitling- 
roonis and parlors, and will accommodate one hundred persons. '!'he 
hotel is sixty feet from the sea, and conniiands a full view of the Olympic 
range, the Koyal Roads and the Straits of Juan de Kuca, and is only one 
lilock from the landing of the outer ocean-ves^els' docks, where all sea- 
^_^^^,,^,_,___^_^^^^,.^^__^____^_^^,___^_ going vessels from China, Japan, 

.Alaska, San Francisco, and the 
largest local steamers arrive and 
depart. The electric cars are 
within one block of the hotel, and 
pass through the city, arriving 
in .'ighl minutes at the post 
ollice. The hoi ,e is built of 
liriek ; is furnished with all mod- 
ern appliance^ and conveniences, 
including hoi and cold water 
baths, steam heat, electrii- lights, 
electric eall-bells. bar and liilliard 
rooms, while the fine pnimenade 
on the Hat roof gives a magnifi- 
cent view for miles around. The 
hotel is strictly firsl-cl.ass. 

liRIARI) lIOTEt.. 

This house, which has for 
years Ih-'CU one of the substantial 
features of Victoria, is as well- 
known as any hotel on the I'acific 
Coast. It was foundeil, on its 
standard of excellent, in 1875, 
by Mr. I/iuis Kedon. who is at 
present I'resident of the Victoria 
President of the company formed 
Mr. Kedon at first had 




Kleelric Light Ccmipany, and al 
for the jirojcctei'. Can.ida We.-.lern Hotel 
for partnei Wx. Luca-, liut in 1878 associated with him the late t)ito 
Hartnagel, whose son, (iustave Harlnagle, is miw one of the partners. 
In |S,S4 the increased patronage of the house neces.sitated an .addition 
on Ihe rear, and the theatre addition w.as built in 1S85. The patron- 
age has, however, grown to such pro[Kirtion^ that the building is now 
lieing extended to the corner and covers the intervening sp.ice of 75 x 122 
feet. The building when completed, at an immense outlay, will i)e seven 
stories in licight, and will have 225 rooms. Kverylhing will lie entirely 
miMlern : there are to be rooms with bath-rooms attached, call and answer 
electric lulls, electric and ga> lights, and, in fact, everything thai nuKlern 
ingennily has invented for cmnfi rt. The mean of the hotel, which i.s 
su|ierviM'd by a well knuwn i hef, is at all limes of the bjsl, ami is, in fact, 
Ci' Orated among travellers all over the world. The hold 'vill soon lie 
entirely completed, and will lie one of the hapds.miesl .idorr.iiienls of the 
city. 

(lUoNIAI. Ml. IROl'OI K IIOTKI.. 

Ml. Thomas Tugwcll, the proprietor, came from Hrighlon, Sussex, 
Kngland, and has Ix'en in Victori.. since 185S. He has been carrying on 
the present business for the pas- ;hree years, and h.is increased it to its 
present di.iiensions since entering tlie venture. The hotel has a frontage 
of 120 feel iin Johiisnn street, and is three st.iries in height. The hulk of 
Mr. TugwelTs trade is with transient guests, and he therefore optrates on 
the .Ame.ican plan. His house is lighted by el^^'ncily and provided with 
liie esea|HS. Ilot and cold water Isiihs arc al the ."is|iosaI of guests. The 
rovmis, eighty in number, are all well lighted, anil the house is well venti- 
lated. Mr. Tugwell is a very imiiular man, and the large and increasing 
ivalronage is a sutiicienl testimony to the characicr and accmmuvMlaiions vj 
his hotel. 



i ^l 



wmmmi 



h 



90 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



K 



!;/(• 



^■1 



1/ • 






1 



,1:1 

■ i 



; 



V ( 



JOHN ll-.Aia'K. 

Itiirn in Cunnvall, r.iij;liiii(l, Mr. ToaKUc went lo Califurnirt in 
llie yiMr 1S56, niiil wt'nt iiitu mining at (iras'i \'ullcy, ami a^si^tt-i! 
in the LTcction there of one iif the lir^t iiuart/. milK fur K"'''' 
Twi) years Inter he started fur Victoria, iiiteiiilint; In i;ii fnini 
there to the I'raser River. The Captain (if tlie ■-teainer landed him 
and his friends at Wliatecini, and tuld them that that ivas the nearest 
piiinl III Virtciria, and they were iiliMned luget tu Victoria in a pliin^'er. 
.\Ir. Teaj^ue Mihseriuently visited Itellin^ham Itay, and ri.'Utained there six 
weeks, returiiint; in time t.i calcli the steamer fnrthe I'raser Kiver. \\ this 
time Ihinisands ot iieojile had imured intn \'iet.iria on aeeomit of va(;ue 
rumors of jrold on the Tracer River. .\s this was at the time of theCrown 
Colony, (iovernor l)on(;las had to jjive |iermission liefore the steamer was 
allowed to [iroeeed upon her way up the l''raser. The ".Surprise " (which 
was the steamei's name) was the lir^t steamer to Kort Hope. Mr. Te.ijjue 
remained at .MurderiTs' liar until Keliruary, 1859, anil the rivir heinj; 
fro/en passed through many 
hardships on his return, heinj^ 
olilit;ed lo w.rik as far as \,m\^- 
ley. lie look part afterwards 
in the Caril«>o excitement, and 
in returning tVom l-'ort .\lex- 
ander he and one other 'valkeil 
a.s far as the h'ountain iu niiu- 
and a lialf days, subsisting on 
six pannikins of tlour. The la^t 
three and a half days of the 
journey they were entirely w ilh- 
out food, (hi his return to \'ic- 
toria he engaged in contracling 
and other matters, and in 1S74 
he went into architecture e\- 
clusivel)'. The principal tiuild- 
ings erected here hy Mi. Teague 
are: The Koyal Naval ll.is- 
pil.il, The Provincial Koyal 
Juhilec Hospital, St. Joseph's 
Hospital. St. .\iin"s Convent, 
N'icttiria I'uhlic School, K*-- 
formed Kpiscoj^il and the I'res- 
hyteiinn Churches, Colonist 
Buildings. Ori. tital Hotel. 
Yates' liuilding i..d Market 
huilding, and \\\ is now at wi'i-k 
on the new l>riard Hotel .md 
the I iaresche ( Ireen ,V t'o. 
liuilding. Mr. Teague h.is done 
all the naval work fni the |>.i.st 
sixteen years, a fact vvhiili is 
indienlive of his ahility a.s an 
engineer as well as architect. 

A. MAXWKI.l. Ml Ik. 

The suliject •>£ this sketch is 
a native of lilasgow, Scotlind, 
where he first entered the pro 
fession of arch i lecture. Nix years 
.rgo he left that country and 
went to the I'nilcil States. 
s^Hfoding sv»me two years and 
a half at Troy. Iea\ ing there t«i 
accept a |)osition with Win. 
I'arsons iV Sons, of '|ii[)eka, 
Kansas, where they \\'re en- 
gaged in the constru' :ion of 
pulilic schools, liesidis many 
other pulilic Imildings llirougli- 
out the Stale. He 111 vl Weill 
to San l>iego, where lie was 
eng.aged ontlie Hotel ikl Com- 
narlo, and shortly 1-efore i-oin- 
ing to Victoria he was engaged 

with the Soulherit I'ai ilic Kailway. r;>.in hisariival hen he hrcaincdiauglil 
man for Mr. John Tet'giie, going ai onec'iilo the p'aiisloi ihijiiliilt 




nrchiteclure and conlraiting, and from Ih-re went to Vancouver, where he 
spent finr years [irevinus lo sealing at Victoria in I.S.S'). .Since his arrival 
he has lieen very successful, and has erected some of the finest structures 
in the city, among them the I'andora .Street Methodist and the (Jorge Koad 
.Methoilist Churches ; the Jewell, the llclniiken, the Milne, the Hum- 
phreys, Lewis and the R. T. Williams lilocks ; he liuilt, also, the 
McCandless addition to ihe .Metropole Hotel, and has erected a niimher of 
line residences, among them lliose of A. (1. Hlack, John l)ougall ami 
Henry Jewell. .\t Nanainio he erected A. I*', (irccn's four-story and David 
Spencer's Arc ide liiiildings ; al Vancouver, the V. .\I. C. A. ami a public 
school huilding, anil at New Westminster, also a school liiiilding. 
sni'lK AMI llAV. 
Mr. .Soule is a native of London, Kngland, where he served his 
articles with an eminent architect and attended the .School of Science and 
Art al South Kensinf!ton, being successful in oliiaining a i,)iieeii's prize for 
design, and prices and certiticates for other subjects. Crossing the Allan- 
tic, he was engaged by some of 
the best architects in lioston 
and Cltneland, and coming lo 
* "an.\da he practiced for a short 
time in I'ort Hopi and for 
iianyye.irs in (irielph; his work 
comprised a luimber of churches, 
high schools, court house ami 
j.iil, V.M.C..\. building, bank, 
business and oflice buildings 
anil many line residences and 
other works. In Kebruary, 
l8()o, Mr. Soule opened an 
ollice in Victoria, and has de- 
signed and superintended the 
new Agricultural Kxhibition 
buildings, many private rc.i- 
deiices and business blocks, 
etc., etc. Mr. Robert Scott Day 
was born in the cily of Cork, 
lieland. He is a gradua'" S 
lie late(^)ueen's (now the Ko'.al) 
I'niversiiy of Ireland, having 
.iilended the usual clllegi.'.le 
course .ind takei. the Degree 
of Hachelor in Civil Kngineer- 
ing. He then turned his atten- 
tion toarchileclure, and entered 
thcoltlci- of Mr. Thomas I irew , 
U. II. A.. Dublin, as articled 
pupil, and contin ted his studies 
in the olhces and on ihe wurks 
of various London architects. 
Mr. Day's own practice li.is 
been mainly on the Diamond 
fields, South Africa, .\mong 
hi. more iiiijiorlant works there 
III- Ihe KimUrly Stock \-.\ 
■ liange, the head olVues of the 

he lleers Collsolidaled Mines, 

l.il. ;tlie(iraii<'i Hotel and ( iood 

I iiuplar's Hill He 1 .one to 

Victoria this jear ihicllv for 

I rivale reavHis his family now 

■Iding coiisiiicrable pro|H'rly 

tlli^ plinince, and elltereil 

ilo pailiii rshipwith Mr. Soule 

few nioiilhs ago. 



I lios. 



SMKUV. 



llUllslI lIll-tMlllV lldAKIi 111 IRAI'K. I A. M. .M 



-I. 



iiuhls 
. .'IIhs 

pital. He h.i- since been engaged with Mr. league 01. ihe addilioib loihe 
City Hall, exlensionsof the I'lr^l I'lesbyterian ( hmch, I,i 11/ .V I.cl/eis build 
ing, lieiii out building, S.iln.on bl.n k and I'. It. Hall's usidem e. Hisplaiis 
won ihe coni|ietilioii lor ihe ( ily -l.iiket. He i- at picseiil eiig.igedon the 
Oak Hay Hotel and other large liuildii.gs in ibis city. .Mr. Muir's s|iecially 
is designing and constructing heavy briik and stoni- nirui lure-, ,ind resi 
deuces and br'dging. Some of hi-. pvr-.pccti\e pl.in^ on '.he ( 'lyde h.ixc 
Ill-en evhiliiied in iln- Intercolonial l'\hilMtion at Ivlinluirgh. Scoiland. 
Ljilely he Won the compeliiion lor the Hoard if Tiade building of Ihi- i ily. 

IIKiMAS II'WU'IK. 

.Mr. Hooper, who i' one of the leading an hilecis of Victoria, was 
iKirn ill Devtinshire, Kiighmd ; wiiit to 1 inuirio in 1S71, .ind there served 
his II. ide as a joiner. In iS7,S he went lo Manitoba, where he followed 



Mr. Sorby was born al 
W ikelielil, Yorkshire Coniily, 
I'.ngland, his fauiilv having beer. 
Ihcic .Mid al Sheili.l.l tor the 
\tiliili.i I p.,,,, jtxi years. He was cdu 
calisl in London, where helo..k 
up a couri«* III archili'iiuie and sulisequenlly pr'^ciiced for twenty- 

Sle years. ||e was imlde ( oniiiy Court Siirveyir for KnglamI and 
^'ales, serviiig in tills lapaiity lor ten years. 'He was Surveyor of 
le Nte((iip:i|li,in I'olice and of Dangerous S'ruclures; held the ap 
imlntmenl iif IHsiiicl Siine)iii. Coiisuliing .Vu'iiieit to the Home 
illhce and I'lelMIty, and *,/» I ellow of the Ilojal llMitule of llriti-h 
Ar< llltii Is, KIlow of the Royal (ieological SiK'ieiy and llienilK'l of the 
SiHiel) of Arts. He left London in I.S.''.,J for Montreal, where, after s|K'nd- 
iiig lliiee ye, MS, duiiii',' which hi- built a laigi- moiiber of siaMo.is, hoiels, 
etc., for the ('.inaibaa I'.n ihc R.ulway, he went to N'an.oi.vi'i. iii.l, .ifiei 
the lire, built the Hold Vancouver, \lr. .M.bol's li.iu-.e, ihi NU|.(ien lilink, 
.SI. James Cburcli, Hudson Haj Co.'s premises, arid othec niinm tmildings. 
Removing to Victoria in 1SS7, Mr. Sorby ImoIi the |Kiisoii.ige of Christ 
( Imrch. made alterations on the resi.U'nccs of T. K. Sniilli .lod llighwooil, 
William W.ird'^ resideiii e ; and built the residences of U. Duniliklon, 
Rub'. Ward. Deuniii llarri-, A. N. Richards, .uid many oihei of the most 



VICTOR f. I fLL USTNA TKD. 



91 



attractive (if Violiiria's ilwcllirivjs and Imsiiii'ss Micks, lie is nl prcsi'iil 
cnya^etl in (lie contplclifui <if tlic I'ive Sisters' lllucl^ ami Turtvisli llallis. 
The l)i)il>lin^ is four stories and liasement, construclecl of stone and lirick. 
Its diniensions are 101 xKk); it contains eitjlit stores and ninety ollices, 
many of the latter lieinj; in suites. The Iniildiii); is (urnished wiili a first- 
class .Albion Iron Works elevator ; is heated by ste.im and lighted li\ elec- 
trieily manufactured on the premises. The Turkish It.ilhs, whicli are liein^; 
Iiiiilt in the liasement, are to cost somtr $30,000, will lie a ^reat addition to 
Victoria's luxuries. It is unnecessary to enier into the details, but the |i|ans, 
as i;iven, are such as to show that they are to be of the very hinhesi onler, 
and the persomul of (hose connected with the venture is such as to ensure 
its being a lhor(iut;h success. 

TllK OCLIDKNIAI. IIOII'.I.. 

This hotel is one of Victorias' oldest and best known Imstelries, and 
is located in the center of the business iiorlion of the city, fronting on the 
wharves of the falifornia, I'u^et .Sound and Kraser River steamers, and 
the I')sc|uimall and Xanaimo Kail«ay. Two year. ago the hotel was con- 
siderably enlarged, and now contains seventy-six rooms; is (urnished 
thiounhout with call bells, electric liglits, hot and cold water baths as well 
as other modern ronveniences, and has billiard and reading roonis attached. 
The bar of the < tcridental is one of the most famous on the coast, and has 
always been noted, in particular, for .WXX eight year old imported ale, 
which is .served on draught. .Sir. Jensen, of tlie Hotel llallas, was for- 



Tliey are two of the most tireless workers of Victoria, and, although 
young men, are building up ,1 very large business. Klint A: Son, Dublin, 
Ireland, are their llrilish agents. 

VANCDUVK.K ISLAND I.ANt) AND l.NVKSTMEN f I OMI'ANV (l, I H. ) 

This company is a successor of the business rartied on, until the 
7lh of April of ihc jirescnt year, by l'...uri liler, ('mil .V- Malleite, with a 
capital slock of $250,0)0. .\1r. Henry Croft, President of the concern, 
was born in Sydney, New South Wales, and received his e( ucalion at 
Ungby, laigland, returning from Kngland to .\uslralia as Inspecting Kngi- 
neer to the New South Wales tioverninent. .\lr. Croft is a member of the 
Civil and Mechanical Kngineers' Associations o( Kngland. In lSS4,ielefl 
Australia for Vancouver island, and immediately went up and started the 
Chiinainns saw mill, which has since lnen purchased by the Victoria 
laiiii'ier Co. At the election in Cowichan last term he wns elected by 
acc lunation as .M. I'. I'., and was re-elected this year. In December, 
I.S<)<i, he joined the old lirm of Hourchier, Croft X .\Ialk-tte. .Mr. |. I!. 
.McKilligan, the Secretary and Treasurer of ihe company, was born at 
Aberdeen, Scotland, on December 20th, 1S4S, and received his edu- 
cation at Koliert ( iordon's College there ; he was trained ns an accountant 
with the rtrm of Robertson & I.iiinsden, Advocates, .Mierdeen, having been 
twehe years with them, lie removed to Tortmto, Canada, in 1X7(1, where 
he was employed under the lion, t leo. Hrown ; afterwards was accountant 
in the Union Loan Ai Savings Company. Kroin Toronto he went to Win- 



'\ 




Till-; 1 1\1-: SISIi-KS Itl.lH K. 



(Tlios. (.'. Sii.iiv. .•Xrcliilivl.) 



born at 

I ounty, 
avinglK'et'. 
Id (or the 

was ed\i 
ere het'iok 
Iwenty 
iglaiul and 
ui\e\or of 
I Ihe ap- 
ihe Home 

if liiili-h 
iIhi .1 Ihe 
itUi spend- 
MS. hotels, 
, Old. adei 
■ li.-n Ill.Kk, 
1 buddings. 
, u| Chiisi 
High '• 

lluil.bl. |o„, 

111. most 



nierly proprietor, but Uirned the hold over on the first of la^t May I 1 
Messrs. K. H. iHrryman and Is. l'. .-Vudrews, who ha I been wilh him 
four and t«o years, respectively, in his very successful enierprise. The 
present hrm, of which l«ith iiiemliers are young nun, eiijiiys an e.pial (Kipu- 
ixrity to that iKslowed u|vin its predecessor. 

H.IN 1 AMI will I \Ms. 

This firm is C(im|X>sed of .\rlhiir St. I ieorge I' lint and Itenjamin 
Williams. The foniiet is a native of Ireland, and « is «ith Flint ,V Son, 
of Dubln. Irelan.l, in the real estate and anclioneenng business, for 
twelve years, coming to Victoria in 1SS7. Mr. Williams is from Wales, 
and came In Victoria in his thirleenth year. The present (Irm was 
founded December loib. |SS<), for the purpose of a real estate, ins-jrance 
and i-oiiimission agency business. They represent, .'s city agents, ilie 

National l-iie Insui.ince (' p.my if Inland. In addition to their real 

f«late business, iIkv have organized three building aivl loan a.socialioiis, 
ns follows : TIk> Vaiu'ouvei Island HiiilJing Societv, capital simk, 
$2SO,00(W: Victoiia Huilding So<ielv, capital siin-k, $4(K1,ooo, ..ml ihe 
(^hiiMMi 'ily Huilding. I.oan \ S,ivings .Xssociation, capital slmk. 
$|i,ix»i,i')Oo. Thev are agents and secretaries for ihe>-e three companies, 
the Inst t«o o( which obsirve the- Slar system of Kngk'.nd, and the latter 
that of t'le t liicjgo iml I'lnl.idelphi.i Huilding and l-oan Associalions. 
Hnlh members of the lirm aie \oung men, and have pushed their 
bu-sincHK ill i> way that rcllects great credit »im.ii their business Siigacily. 



nipeg, Maniioba, in lune, 1871). He took the business management of 
Iheolliceot Messrs. jlain \ lilanchard, Darristers, until the spring of 1881, 
whe.i he wa> appointeil agent f>)r the Can.idian I'acitic Railway townsitcs 
iinde- (ieneral .Manager .\. IS. Siickney. He had charge of the townsile 
of lliandi 1, which h.ad such a phenomenal success. He then went into 
business on his own .account as Real Kstate and Kinancial agent. He 
passed through the meinoialile biHun of I,S(<I-|S.S2, and carried through 
snnie o( the largest sales during thai period. During his residence in 
Winnipeg he .ncupied several positions of trust, was .agent for Loan Com- 
panies, Secretary of ill.- Hoard of I'liderwrileis, w.as I.and Commissioner 
of Ihe .\eth.-rlan.ls-.\merican l.an.l Company, l.iKal Director of the Lon- 
don .V Can.viian Loan Company, President of the Chartered Accountants' 
.Association, was a lusiice of the Peace, Notary Public, Coiivey.incer, 
etc. He hfi Winnipeg in I.S,SS, an.l went to San Francisco, Seattle, ami 
linally t.i \ icl.aia. Hl-.ere he arrived in I muary last. He was appointed 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Company in September last. The Com- 
pany was organired on th.' joint stock principle, for the purpose of carry- 
ing "n a general real esiaf brokerage an.l linancial business, including the 
pr .m.iling of lami c in, panics. Their list of property includes boih inside 
and oulsi.le Vici.nia propertv, large areas in Poll Crescent, an.l \\u\ .are 
the promoters an.l owners of the Port .Angeles Waterworks system, which 
Ihcy undertook and completed at a est of $54,000. To the oM lirm is 
.hi. the crclit of promoting the town of Port .Angeles, and Mr. Mallctle is 
one of the promoters of the Port An(;eies \ Southern Kailwa), to run 



'iwi, 



02 



VI( TOAVA ILL USTRA TED. 



w 



siil 



III 



'i 5! 



\ I 



friiin I'lirl Anyeles to Senlilf. They hnvo Ihf linisl ntlicc in iIk' 
city and i-vi'ty known spccinicn iif cjuartz is cdnlaincd in llirii 
spli'iiilid >'al>inc't. Tliiy have Inkin a (li'i'|i Inlttcsl in ihc niiniii); 
nnit UinibtT interests (if this prnvinri', an<l they have the largest hnc 
(if liniluT anil oial properties on the I'acilie t'oast. I'or two years 
Ihey hail employed two cruisers, cniisln); the liiiilier in ()re^;on, Washinj; 
Ion anil llrllish I'oliMiiliin. They have lar^e coal lields in llriiisli 
Colittiihia, and make a specialty of these claims. They liave a tract of 
4, )(X) acres on Dennian Island, and also immense tracts on ijueeii Char- 
luite Islands. The general i|U.ilily of this coal is ^ihiiI, Ixiii^ principally 
hlluminous. They have samples taken from the various mines, and have 
them on exhibition at their ottice, together with the speciticalions of each 
s|)ecimen. They have also some line specimens of (;olil, liroir^ht to the 
city l>y the lately deceiised Mr. .\lason, M.I'. I', for t'arilioo. The Com 
pany is a|;ent for a mimber of life, lire and marine insurance companies, 
also aj;eiils for Itntish ('olund)ia for the .\merican Investment I'nion, of 
New York ; and the Dominion .'safe Deposit Warehousinj; .V Loan t/oni- 
pany, of Canada, the bonds of which they have for sale. They are largely 
interested in mining compaides, and will furnish full ijiformation on 
application. 

11AI.I1V AMI <I.AXT(1N. 

Till' nieinl>or» of this, one cf Vietoria'H iK'stknowii real estttto 
llriUH. me MesiiH. William Dalby ninl Kreil.l. C'laxton. Mr. Dalby in 
BO well known in Untiah C'olundiia. uf uhicli lip has long been a 
priiiiiiiii'tit charaetef, that IiIh lemarkiible caieeris at liiimr alinost a by 
word ; but his LiMtiny will here meet with I'yes in otiiei Kinds iind will 
to them be II theme of considerable intercut. He wan born at Kichniond 
Hill, Dntai'io, and, when iner-ging into inanhood, left home in company 
with .lohn tlraiit, present .NIayor of Victoria. While on tlie w.itt-r 
between New York and San KranciKco, in bStil, there was l'im;(ht in 
the Status the meinonible battle of Hull Hnn. Tlieir passji^'e took 
them by the way of ranaimi ami Aspinwall, and. after an ivin^' at San 
Franciseo, they went to Santa Cruz, Cibfoiiiia, walking there (wiino 
Hcate) k\\\*\ subsisting the last da.v of their jnuniey upon a loaf uf bread 
and u waterinehin. Here .Ml. iJalby, who hail learned the tanning 
trade, entered a tannery, and simiii bteaine foreiuan ; but both ho and 
Mr. <irant, hearing of the Caiihno gidd esciteini iit, left the following 
year for Victoria, and from here went to CarihiMi. .Mr. Dalby remaiiu'il 
at MeColluni's (liilch only two months, and, leluridng to Victoria, 
built a amall tinnery on the SaJinieli road, and Hiibseipiently eombined 
with it the liarneH.s ImsineHs, and later still shoe inainifaeturing, the 
linsineKH then being merged into the Uelinont Tanning, Hoot and Shoe 
.Mainifaetnring Company, in which eouipany he lemaine.l until it 
wa.s bought by the wellknown Ame< Holdeii Company, and of 
which he for some time acted as manager. .Mr. Dalby'ii sue- 
cesa to that hour had been very marked, and he retiied from active 
buainuHri and tuuk a great intereat in civic allaii^. He was elected 
AKlerinan for one year, and anlmeiiiiently waa .Mayor of Victoria suc- 
cessively in the years IS7;< and 1S74. Sinee Novemlier, iSTlt, hii has 
retaineil the olHee of Justice of the I'caee for the rr<ivine« of British 
('(dumbia tu the pr'.jent date. He has been once <!rand .Miusti'r of thu 
Crand Lodge of Kritish Columbia, A. !<'. !i A. .M.. and in IHST was 
appointed by the (jraiid Lodge of Canada •a» Uepresentjitive of their 
(irand I^idge in the (iraiid l>>dge of Itritish Columbia. He is also 
appointed as Crand Keprese'itative ot thu (irand Lodge of \'ietoria, 
Australia. .Mt. Dalby luis beeome tt large property-owner in \'ii-toria 
and other |Nirt.s of the province. For three yciira be was IVeaident of 
the Agiieulturul Aaaoeiation, and the active intereat he has taken for 
twenty years in that aaaiMiation has rcdonnded much to its Ikiictit. 
Mr. Cla-\ton, who is a native or .Montrial. was, unid he 'aine to 

Victoria in IH,S!I, engaged in the wlii.les:;le dry g Is busiiies.s with liis 

father, Mr. T. d. Claxton, of .Montreal. Shortly after .Mr. ('laxton's 
ailvenl in Victoria the tirm of Dalby, Kalluntyne iV Claxton was fonnid, 
and it has since been changed to Dalby & Claxton. The pi'inci|jai 
biiainess done eimsiats of real estate, tinaiK-iat and insiinince brokerage. 
In real estiite they have not contined themselves to inside and oiitsiib; 
pro{>erty and farm lands, but have handled sonu! eisil and oth'-r mining 
properties of aii exleiisixe nature. Mr- D.ilby having been a resident 
of Victoria from its infancy, and the fact of Ids having twice occupied 
the civic chair, as also having been City Assessor, gives hiin a practical 
knowledge of real estate values |K»ssessed by few . .en. In the making 
of loans and the insiirmiee department this eX|Rniiice is pjirticiilarly 
valuable. .Mr. Dalby is manager of the llritisli Columbia Kire Iiisiir- 
aiicu Company, and director in the local Isiard uf the Dieninion Huild 
ing and Loan Asso<:iatioii of Toronto, wn<»su capital is tive niillion dol- 
lars. Mr. Claxton is ti-euaurer <»f this cotiipany, as also secretary of 
the Sechart (.Quicksilver .Mining Coni|uiny of Victoria. The linn lepru- 
Rtnts the Koyal Canadian Insurance Coiii|iany of Montreal and the 
I-anumhire (iiiaranty and .Securities Corporation (Limitedi of Hudders- 
tield, Kiigland ; and when wc say that the hitter has loaned about 
$4(X),tXX> on this co,ut in (.fiie month of last spiing, it ia a sitthcicnt 
giiarantue of the contidence shown by Knglish capitulistn in the ata 
Dility of values in this country. 

KKAMIS lllltlirllllill. 

One of the most auccessfiil real estate men who ever establiahed in 
Hritish Columbia is Mr. Iloiirehier, a nati\e of I)> vonshiie, Kiigland, 
who made Victuria his home lu IMM7. lie uluKMt iniii udiately wvnt 



into tini real «>state biistness, niid sfsin after nssoeiated with him (is 

iiartner .Mr. W. H. HiggiiiH, h< f the Hon. D. W. liiggins, M I'. \\ 

Mr. Higgins after a short period letind from the linn to go to I'airope, 
and .Mr. lloiirchier then forined the firm ot Itoiiichici. Croft .V .Mallelte, 
whndi waa eventually merged into the Vancouver Island Land and 
Investment Company I Limitedi. with a capilal of .scJ.'iD.INN). I Ida linn 
of Konrchier, Croft >1i -Mallette waa the lirat to atart llie boom at Port 
Angi'les, and three years ago beialded tin- advitnlagea of Victoria in a 
nianner that iiidcd in the tremeiidoiis progreaa she has since enjoyed. 
It may be said, in truth, that this lioiiae was the best known in Ihitish 
Colninbia, and distributed at its own expeiisi> more valuable statistics 
in the shape of |iaiiiplili>ts and oilier mediuins than any other llrm. At 
times tlieil' ollices Wele so elowded that it W.ls almost illi|Kissible to 
transact the business ollered. The otiices were of inarked taste, and 
displayed a mineral exhibit ei(ii.ilcil by none in the province. .Mr. 
Itonrcliiei' Iravchd extinaively Ivist and abroad and iiileiisti'd foreign 
capital, and accomplished I iu; formation of syndicates and land deals 
wliiidi the most sanguine had deemed iiii|Kmaible. .Mr. Ilourcbicr sold, 
in August last, his interest in thu X'aiicoiii'er Island Lund and Invest- 
ment Comiiany (Limiledl III -Mr. Croft, and isagain engaged in business 
for liimailf, having taken handaome ollices on tbiveniment street, in the 
Five .Sisters' block. .Mr. tJoiirchier ia at present engaged in large syndi- 
cate l.inil apcciilaliona covering the entile pioiince. IIu has surved 
as one of the ( loiincil of the IV t'. Hoard of Trade. 

MultllOW, llol.l.ANU AMI I'll. 

I>. W. Morrow, senior partner in this house, is a native of Itanie, 
Ontario, and c.ime here in .lime, I.Vf^t, and became cornected with the 
postoflice here as .second clerk. Subseipieiitly he became connecte.l w ith 
commercial interests, ami later was with F. <!. liichaids, .li., in the 
real eslate business. In ■lannary, IHill, he started for himself as a leal 
estate, insurance and tinaiicial agent, under style of D. W. Morrow Al 
Co. In April the style of the linn w.is elianged to Morrow, Ilollind ,t 
Co., .loslimi Holland Isiiig admilted to the busiiiess. Mr. Morrow 
was Secretiry and Treasurer for the British ('.iliimbia Fire Insiir- 
aiieu Cm., whii'h poaition he held bir three years. Mr. II. .\. Miiiin, 
of thia linn, was born in (Queens Coiintv, I'rince Kdward Island, in 
IStii. He left there in ISMri for British Columbia. He was con- 
nected with the newspapers "Standard " and '•Colonist," and 
snlHci|iiently bought an inteiett in the "Times." He remained 
with the '*Tiiiies"^ for some six years, when he sold out hi-i interest, 
iiiimedi'itidy entering into partnership with .1. ("oclirane in tin? drug 
business, taking it in er from oni^ Kellogg. This drii)^ business has 
iH'en a pronounced aucceaa from the start, and their store is one of the 
haiidsumest and best appointed establishmen's in the city. Mr. Munii 
is li-rgely interested in the indiistriea of British Columbia, having 
invested in sealing, tiaheries and real estate, and numerous other pro 
jeets. At the last civic elections he came out as a eiindidi'.te for .Alder- 
man for .lames Bay Ward, and wiis elected by a large majority over 
other strong competitors, •loshua Hollaml, the newly admitted mem- 
Im-T of the alsive lionae, is a native of Shropshire. Kiig. Hi' fsiiled from 
Liverpool for Canada in .March, I.S.VJ, and on his w.iy across the coi.ti 
lien' liu remained one year III Winnipeg. He followed the impulse to 
move still further weatward, and he r eaein .1 here Ivs.'!. coming by way 
of San Kraneiscii, in company with several others, visiting Chicago, 
Ogdeii, Denver and .Salt I.ake<'ity. Inimediately ii|miii hisanival here 
he engaged in the larpenteriiig bnainess, remaining in it bir tw.i years, 
when 111' branched out for himself as a I'oiitractor and biiilder. l-*ive 
years afterward he letiied from business, and, standing for ehclion, he 
became an Aldeiiiian in .lanuaiy, ISIMI, to wliieli position he was re- 
elected in the piesent year, standing at th" bead of the {adl at laith 
elections. He represents .lolinson .street W anl. During the past yini 
and a half he h.-u l)een engaged in specidations in real estate, and in 
.\pril last he liueamu a partner in the business i .Morrow, Holland .V 
(,'o., to which be ilevotes uiiieh of his time. The lirni do a giiii lal real 
estate, loan and lire insiirance busim-as. In the lifter branch they are 
ageiil-i for thu I^nc^ishire Insurance Company, one of the strongest 
in the world. They handle \"ictori.i inside pi(i|s'r'_v priiicipally, 
and do a Urge ri'iit collecting business be.-udes. 'V h.> gniibial increase 
of their business has necessitated their removal to larger pieiniaes, 
which they have secured and titled up haiidaoinely on Broiul street, 
near Yates. 

I'HANi;, MIlllKlloK AMI HISIIi.S. 




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VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



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till' I'.icitii' Ai<|iliiilt ('niiiiNtiiy, uiiil liitvd ilnriM ii Iitign ikiiionnt nf |iaviiiu 
for liotli Ntii'vtH mill niilcwiilKH, ait wi'll iim iIiu ciillTirH, nf Vietonii ainl 
otiii T |iliiris 

III IJK'ir ri'iil iiitiiti! ili'|iiii'liiii'iit tlii'y liiivii I ii «xci'|itioiiiil|y hiu'. 

riKsfiil ill Hyiiillialiii^ liirffi' tnu'tn of liiiiil. Aiiioii)/ tlirli' iiiimt pionii' 
iii'iit rntcrprixi'ii III tliiH ili'i rliiiii wiu< Unit lit Oiik lliiy Itcmli, llii' to 
ilay faiiiniiM watrriii^. Initliiii^, anil Hi^aHJili' t-i'sort of tlir rity. A yi'ar 
Hf(o littlr wax tliiMi|<lit of ( Ink liay, altlioii^li an I'liHy ilrivr ol ai'oii|iK! of 
iiiiliM fioiii Vii tiii'ia iiimtollii'ii. Itul ln-i wiiitrr tlicsi' ^iiitliiiii'ii formuil 
a nviiiliivttc, Ihiii^jIiI ii|i a l.ir^'i! triii't ol laml on tlii' slioriH of tliin lii'^iii. 
tifiil Im'jii'Ii anil inaili- ai'rain{(!ini'iitH \kttli tlif l')ti'i-ti'ii! 'riHiiiuay < 'urn- 
paiiy to rxtfiiil till! liiii' to till) vrry mIioith of their pri>|H'rty. 'I'liey 
platt<!il thr pt'oprrty ami koM on hiu'Ii I'onli'iictH an uoiilil iiiHiiri! tliu 
I'lrc'tiiin ol only tlir liiii'nt rl.iHt iif ir»ic|i'm'iH, Met aniilr a nuitalili' 
aiiioiinl for the I'li'itiiin of ii liamlHoiiii! Iiolrl, with lawn tennis iiinl 
play xro'iii'l^ '("'xIkiI. "'h' '» ivrry way no iniprovi'il llii' piopirty 
that. Iiy Ihi! arrival of Hiiniinir, llir pi'opli' of Victoria hcuaii to llmK 
ilowii to this Hiipi'ili Hpot, whi<'h at iiiii! Htrokr Iwi'aini! tlm l^iii^ llranch 
of Vii'loria. It i» lurlainly fair to nay that no iiioii' pii'tiiriiiipu' Ima- 
tion roiihl he fouiiil. Till' lanil itsrli, iritiTKpirHi'il with iiiosn urown 
roi'k.s anil oak tirm, is at oiiii! a iK'lightfiil pIraMiiri' irsort ; wliilo thu 
Hanily, prhhliil luarh fiirnishcsa I'l'ircation ^'loiiml for the ihiMri'ii. The 
water il.iell is warm ami fiirniHhi'H Hplemliil hathiii^ ; white fioin the 
jnltiiiK liankn of nnks, iitreteliin){ oiil hero ami lliere, the tlHhurinaii 
Nehli in retniiiH empty hamleil. The hay '\* Hiniply Hiiperh. with its 
plaiiil waters naturally pioterteil liy the islaiiils to he seen in every 
itireetion, ami here the trolh-r wilt timi [ileiity of Malinnn or the liuiitH- 
man water fowl ; while in I he wooils, a ipiarter of a mile liuek from 
thu shores the pheasjint anil ^roiisi' are very niinieroim. 

The views of Oak Kay Beach, as sevn in onr pages, linvo not nliown 
the ilistant scenery, which from this point is so enchanting. Mount 
llakei'. the Fraser, the Cascaile ami the Olympic ranges aru all within 
view, Htrelching iniijesticallv aroiiml three points of vision. This in 
itself is O.ik Hay, ilevelopeil in one year to a pleasure resort ami rellect- 
iiig great ereilil upon the foresight of this tiiiii of young, energetic anil 
progressii'e Inisiness ineii. It may Ih' saiil also, in connection with this 
iiriii. that .Mr. Iloggs has maile himself pretty thoroughly aei[uaiiitvil, 
hy [HTsonal ohservation, with the mim-ral resources of Vancouver 
Islaiiil, over which he has liaveleil extensively on fool. t[e has also 
canoeil the waters imt hays of much of the western coast of the Islanil, 
anil has therefore ohtaine<l a pretty thorough knuwieilge, which coulil 
harilly In: gaineil ill any other way, 

T. J. K.WNKH. 

Mr. Kayner is a native of Canihriilge, Kngl.aml. ami ha» spent 
■■■ '' '■ •■' ' ■" • :....i.... line to his present 



/ ' I 



• 111. Itlt^fllf I 1'^ Ik llltil*^ "I V Itllll >l I'l^l. , I >ll^lt>l|ll. IlllH lllkn .-1|fV-|ll> 

twenty years in Canaila, always following a siinilar line to his present 
hiisiness. Coining to X'ictori.i eight years ago he eslahlisheil himself in 
real estjite, tinancial hrokerage ami insurance. In the latter he repre- 
sents for I5riti~h Coliimhia, as (iemral Agent, the I'roviileiit Life Insur- 
ance ( o., of New ^■|lIk, ami the Scottish National rnion ami Harlforil 
I'lre Insurance Co.'s. In his tinancial hasiiieis he has investeil ami 
m-gotiateil hirge slims of money lor t'anailians anil I'^isterners, ami the 
coiitiitence repimeil in him in this line retlVcts stror.gly, not only upon 
the ri'liahility of his o| inionson real estate valines hut u[>oii his integrity 
as well. He is consiilteil on all the leailiiig movements in real estate of 
the city, anil his character for honest ilealing has hrought him an 
imineiise line of |uilronage, iml only froin capitalists hut from working- 
men as well. He is coiinecteii w itit a lui'nls'r of the large symlicutes 
■; I leailing men of the city, ami the tact that he is alw.iys husy is a 
• '(> I riterion as to his liv.siness creilit. 

IIHITISII lOl.lMl.l \.\S\\ .\M> INVKSTMKNT CoMIANV. 

'I us husiness was staiteil in l.SliJ hy Messrs. Thomas .\ll.sop ami 
Ili'in> S. Mason, anil the husinesM wan inergeil suhseipieiitly into .Allsop 
■t \!ti on. The presi'iit company was organi»'il ami incorisirateil in 
■latiuary, ISK7, with a caiiital stock of S'JOO.IHH). Mr. ('. A. Hollanil 
was iipjHiinteil one of the .Managing nirectors of the coni|>any, with 
Mr. Henry ,S. Ma.soii. .Mr. .\llsop lisiks after the interests of 
the company in Knghtml. They make a spec'nlly of conveynncing 
anil loaning money, ami they have now some .*ti,(XlO,(K)0 investeil, jvirtly 
on mortgage* ami jinitly in the ileveIo|>nieiit of real ''state here nml in 
Vancouver In Victiciaahne they have erecteil, on one street —li'tween 
Douglas ami (iovernineiit, on ^ates street over ^'.lO.IKXI of luiililings ; 
ikSO.IHH) worth on (oivernment ami Hroail streets, ami a large nuiiilier 
out^iiie of tins city. The p'.lii y of the I'ompany is the ilevelopment of 
its own priipirty mot w.iiling for others to ilo it for theml ami a suh- 
slantial proof of this is the l.ict that tbey have only three lots in the 
city propel at present not huilt upon. The company is so well known 
throughout this country anil Kinilaml that further mention is hariUy 
iie<es.sary : til ! iiivestmeiit.s ami loans niaile are of the most coiHcrva 
live character onh" 

I.CWKNHKHO, IIAKItIS .VMV (VI, 

This firm of limimial ami real estate agents ilate.< its inception 
from the veil- IN.'.s. when it wa» ii.umlcil hy the late .Mr. I,. I.oweii 
Iwrg. Mr, I), H. Harris, a nitive of Hampsiiire, Kiiiil.aml, who h,%.s for 
some twenty years resiileil in Canaila ami Hritish Coluinhia, hecame a 
paitncr at a later ilate, the lirm assuming the name of l.oweuheig, Harris 
,V t 11. .\Ii. N. I'. .Siiowileii, who Ucaine a partner in ISVi, was born 



ill Vorksliire, Kiigliiml, went lo Maniloha in INTO, ami two years later 
eamo to Itritish ( oliiinliia. The linn have ilone a phenomenally sue 
eessfiil liiisinesH. They have hiaiich olliceH at New Weslioiiislei ami 
at 'J'J .St. .Mary Axe, l,onilon, Kiiglaml They are, in aililiiioii, iigeiils 
for the following : ( oininerciiil I'nioii .\ssuranci' ronipany I liiinileil), 
t'onmcliciit Kire Insiiranee ( oiiip.iny of I'arthinl, l.omlon Assiiraneu 
('or|Miration, l,omloii anil l<aiicashire Life Assurance roiiipany, I '/iii- 
loii Insurance Ollire ( l.iiniteilt, .Murine, aiul North t'liiiia lnsnrahi.*e 
('om|»iiiy ll.imiteill. Ilotli Mi Snowihii ami Mr. Harris me notarieii 
piihlie, w hile the tatter has hei'ii a memher of tlie Miinici|Nil Council, 
A targ" aiiionnt of foreign capital has heeii conservalively placeil hy 
the linn here, aiel tlii'y are so welt known, hoth here ami iihioail, that 
further inention i'. unin'ce-isary. 'J he lieaiitiful resiliences of the part 
nets will he seen in these pages. 

.\l.llKltM.\N' V. II. Iiliil.ilins, .III, 

.Mr. Kichanls, who is one of the most prominent real estate men of 
Victoria, was horn in the I'niteil Stales at I loilgeville, Wisconsin - 
Octolier S, IH.Vi. He is, however, of Knglisli parentage, his parunta 
Iiai iiig Cornwiill in \X'M. Mr. Kiclianls has spent the greater part nf 
his life ami was eiluciiteil at Victoria. He was in |S7I aiipolnteil chief 
ilraughtsmaii of the I'lovinciat tloveriinient l.aml ami Works Hepart- 
iiieiit, ami oeciipieil this important position until his resignation in 
I.>4,S|), when he huilt ami tisik the management of the Clarence Hotel, 
now run in conjiiuctioii with the Drianl. This he gave up two yeara 
later, ami went into real estate aiwl insurance, which he has followed 
since that time. He is special agent for llie .I'Hiia Kire Insurancti 
Company of Hartfonl, Conn. ; thi' Ljiioii Mutual Life Insuniiue Com- 
]iaiiv nf Maine, the l/iiiiloii Assurance .Sisiety, anil the Loan llraiich 
of tile Clown Life Insurance Company of Lomloii. Mr. Iiichanls hua 
hail a largo experience in real estate, ami, from his long experience 
nmler the i'rovincial ( lnvernment, is especially well informeil on loca- 
tion ami values. He has also taken interest in the mineral resources 
of the mainlanil, hut more especially those of the Islami itself, ami 
recent itiscoveries iiiaile hy his agents have shown some exceeilingly 
goisl specimens of easily workeil gohl iiuartz. Mr. Kichanls also [ler- 
sonallyowns an interest in the .Sooke Iron Mine, sitiiateil ilireclly on 
Kecher Kay, ahoul twenty miles from Victoria, openinij (Uit from a 
snug harlsir to the Straits of San .I'.ian ile Kiica, where ships call safely 
rule ami he loaileil in six or seven fathoms of water. Tlii:i property 
is a verilahle mountain of iron, practically inexhauatihle ; ami from 
recent analyses hy such reliahle men as Wm. Teague, of Vale, H. C, 
.1. H. Collins, K. (i. S., of lyonihui, Kng., ami Dr. Win. Wallace, K. R. 
S. K., nf (;la.sgow, Sootlaml, it is shown to contain as high as 70.07 
|H!r cent, of metallic iron, with hut a liare trace of sulphur, only 1.40 
of silica ami no phosphorus. The latter gentleman ilescrihes it as "a 
inagiiilicent magnetic iron ore of extraonlinary purity ami richncaa, 
caimlile of making the tinest pig iron, suitahle for conversion into steel 
hy the Uesseiner or .Siemens .Martin process." Mr. Kichanls was 
elccteil early ill ISIIl to the Munici|ial Council its a representative of 
Vales Stieet Want, ami is also a Sclusil Trustee ami a memher of th 3 
K. C. Koaril of Traile. Me is i.lso memher of the N'icloria Cluh, the 
.lookey Cluh, the I. O. O. R, is a I". D. S. in the Forester*, ami I'. .M. 
W. in the A. O. C. W. 

llAltltKIT AMI CAIll'KNTKK. 

L. S. Moiilton Karrett was Inirn in Devonshire, Knglaml, and seven 
years ago he emigniteil to the .States, enjjaging in the cattle husiness in 
Wyoming. Two years ago hecame to \ ictoria, ami in the Kail of 1889 
he'starteil the present husiness. heiiig joineil in .luly, 1890, hy Erick 
Conway Carpenter, who came to the States in ISS4. .Mr. (\ir|ienter 
has Iravetlcil very extensively, and has heeii engaged in the real estate 
husiness for some time. He hioated here ahont a year ago, when he 
hecame the partner in the alsive concern. They are the repr«.seiitativea 
of the Chandler & Coolicau Addition to Port Angeles, which controla 
eiglit hundred acres in one place and alnu't 1,0011 in another. This 
syndicate is one of the most progressive of any doing business there, 
and have the management of the advertising interests of I'ort Angeles. 
Hirrett and Carjieiitei aie agents for l/ow's Steamship Kxchange in 
New Vork and London. They have also interests in the Koolenay 
District, particularly Nelson and Trail Creek. They do a general coin- 
misaion husiness, h.andling Victoria property in connection witli their 
agencies. Kotli of the [virtners have an extensive acipiaintance in the 
mining districts of Initli Kritish Colnmhia and Washington. They con- 
trul ItU) acres of co.il lands in the Nicola Valley. 

JOHN KAKSMAN .vNU lOMI'ASY. 

This firm is practically the successor of .-Vndrcw and Kjirsnian, of 
«lii>-h Mr. .Andrew, so long and favorably known in connection with 
the Hudson l!ay Co., died a few months ago. Mi .lobn FAisnian, who 
is a Scotclimaii hy birth, came to this country about eight years ago ; 
spent four yeans in the steanilHiat transportation business, an'l subse- 
ipienttv entered the employ of the Hudson Kay Company, where he 
r< niaiiieil until March, I.S,S1. when he joined Mr. .\ndrew lu business ; 
he was liiv buver tor the Hudson Kiy Company, and had charge of the 
depot whii'h siippliv's ill! (Kisls lu Kritish l.'oluuibia. Mr. Karsnian is 
agent for the .\rmour Packing Co., of Kansas City, and Lightlwund, 
K.ilston * Co., the treat gro»ery housie of Montreal, the largest sup- 
pliers of dried fruits to Kritish" Oilurabin. He is also agent for the 







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Nrw York l.ifr IiinnniiH'i' Co , ami I'ifjr «r.f>t "t tlw I^Hi<l<>n aii'l Ijiii 
cuwhirx Kiri! Iimuriuifi' ('». 'I'lir lm«in<-»t <•( the tirm u i^iicral cimii 
niii>4i<in. n«l iMtatv hikI ituiirnnir. 

A. \v. jiisr.H «si> nRimmto. 

TliU firiii U •'<>tii|i<ii«-il iif A W. .lonn, KriiniMlly fctwn tlii Ni<rth 
n( KiiuUikI, uiiiI » rt-niiU'iil of Victoria (or iMT>rnt«-n ><«ra, ami A. -I. 
W. llriilKiiiaii, Utv of Kviit. Kii^laixl, who ban lK«-n hrrr for tbr |iaat 
four yfsr*. Mr. Joiipa, wlio in thv IH*tnrt I'aymMU-r (or thrCatia 
iliaii Militia nii<l lUttory foncii tlinxiKhout tb« l*ro«in<-r of llriti»h 
(%iliiinl)in Aiiil n jtroiiuiu-tit ilini-tor of tli«* .luKtUf ll<Mi|*ital. ha* Iif4*ii 
i'ii^a){i-cl ill thi' ri'al i-ntttti' Ihiwiik-w (or tin' |>a>t twelve >i-«r«. Mr. 
HriilKciiuii, who joiiml t'w lirm our yntr a^io, u • .'(••licil<>r of the 
Siiprfiiir Court of KiiKlan<l. Hi* rtiH-nrnrr la a valualilv aiMition in 
Ihf iiUring of liiiaiici.il louim, wlmh in a aiKvialtr of thr fimi, ami in 
which they "III a liiruf liu»im'««, not only for rt-«i<lrnt< of Vnlon» hut 
for fricnila aliroml. The tirm 'lo * K'^nrral rral ratatr ami linaiK lal 
bnaiiivaN, lnvcatill^ lnr^i> huiiik of luonry for Kiighah riM-nta, aii<l a lar^* 
life inaunuici' ami tin' iii«ur;iiici' iMiKincM aa w»ll. Th«y re|irTm-nl th« 
(.'anniU I<ifr Aaaurancc Co . of Kainiltoa. ami thr l'a)r<l<i(itan tn*uran>i- 
(*o., <»f Ktlinhurgh, S^-otUkinl, aii<l ari- a^«*iita for a iiutntirr of wealthy 
local |ir<i|HTty owner* of Victoru. 

A. w. MOKX ANii inni-Avr. 

Mr. A. VV. Mnn- camo l.> Itritiah ColnnilMa in thr lirKinniii|{ of 
IH.SM. Ill- ia a iiativp of Soinlinil. whrn: hr waa in lb* rii>|>lovnM-nl of 
thi' ClyilcMtilc lUnk, <ilaii);o«. ami hrll piantMiiu in arvrrai of Uirir 
liranchtfi. From ttla^^ow litt \ia« <*alU^I up V* l>*«i<|on. wbrrc h«*mlero«l 
into the ai-r^'iit' of tlii> Cliartert-fl lUiik of Imlia, .\uatralia aivl Ciiina. 
He r«'ni»iiu'il in their wrxici' until .lanuary. IHMH, wh«ti h«- r«>vi»f.l an 
a|iiKiintuii'iit ill lh>' Kaiik of HritinliColunilna t<>|>n«-rml tolhrir 1>ram-h 
in \ iitoria, H. C. Mr. Moreaervtil M-tiral ycmra in tb<- Vuvwia othc» 
uf thf llaiik of l(il*'*h Coluiuliia. ami waa |>rv>inotr<l t<i tht- manaKr 
nirnt of tlii'ir .Nnnnimo lirancli, fi>ni whnh lamfhn hr rraiKunl a yi-ar 
ti^> 'o cuter into iMiHiiicaa f'lr I'.iiiiat'lf. Thia tirm c«pmnH-fii-v<l hu«me4a 
ill till* lie^'iniiiiiK of .laiiiiary, IKIII, aa ri-al eatale. invuranc*-, exi-haiifff 
uml niorttfHtfc lirokcr.4. S|M<cial attention ia ifivtti U* luvcatnifc iiioin-y 
for niMi-niiiiicnta, cither in liMfiineHa protierty or on firat Miortt(a^>a at 
the uaiial rat4' of einhl |M'r cent, intrrrat. Una tino i« a lh<H<HiKhly 
relialile one, ami .Mr. .More ia aa honoralilp ml tru»twonh> a .Svitximtn 
aaHill In- foiiml in Hritiili (.'oluuihia. Tnrir |*rriiii««« in the Turner 
iMiililirik^, oil ll<tui{l.i'4 Mtreet, .'ire tittiil ii|i in a inuitH-r which retl*-4-ta 
grciit crcilit U|Niii Mr. More'a ^'MmI ta«tean>l thorouifh kmiwl ^ltf«* of tin* 
niiuircuicnta ■>( liiji liuiiucaa, which haa lia.'en very sooceafttl IriNn the 
uutjwt, 

J. J. AI*TIN. 

The Mulijei'l of tliia aketch waa iHtru in lyitiiloa. Kni;lan<l : i-anie 
to X'lctoriii ill IHII'J. ami for three yearn laaa eujcagi^l in mining |iro«- 
|MM-tiut{ oil the M.itiilniel aii-l ;it CariUM*. until he enj^aite*! hi* at'rMcea 
with the llaiik of lliiti»h Coluinlua in l"t»l.V Kor oier at-irnleen 
veara Iroiii IMUi Mr. Aiiititi li.-w l»*»n in Ihi- ^{'ivemfnent employ. 
l>uriiitf tile year* li<i iiihl 117 hi h la Ih-piity >hmlf of Victoria. IS.- 
waa aulMi«ii|ueiitly eniploycii in the Trea«ury ; later, m the Ia/hU ami 
Worki Ih'iHirtuient, afterwanU Ix^-oiuinK .\ctini( Aui|it«>r for ^he l*ro- 
viiic*' of UntiHli Coluiuliia. In IvClhi- ri-viifne*! hia |MP*ititHi t^i enter 
real entate, 111 hIiicIi he Um* Niiii-e l^-eii eii);a^(«^| |n ai|i|ifi<Ni t^* )iia 

real eatiltl* hlUlneaa he reprifM-llta. aa lien, ral .A({enl. tlie \<»rw|i-h riilufi 

Kire IiiNiirHiici' CoiMiNtiiy. .Mr. .\ti«tiii haa a natural ta«te fi*r iimuiaie! 
the liiaina. ami haa iieeii very ua<'ful to the many infantile iiialitutniia 
of \'ict<iria, whii-h were olilif^il t^i rei-«-i\e llieir aulaMiipfion* from 
|Mipiiliir iH'iiehta. He orKaiiinil a ■'oni|iaiiy tor the ern ti.Hi of the Vn 
t<Mia t)|M'ra llouai' in I.SVi, for which inatitutioii h" ha« ainie Im-n the 
.S-eretary aiel Tn-iiaurer. He ia ahui .Se«Tetary of tli« .St. tieori^e au'l 
I'ioneiT Saiitii a. 

HK>KV r. iiijirrkiivM. 

The Biihjeit of tliK akelcli %».i» laini in Itremen. tiermany. in IH-TJ ; 
receiveil hii liuunea^ eiliicatioii in Hn-iuen. ami «u1««-'<|u<-ntly waa 
eii^fa^eil III iMiniiii'aM for three ye.irn at Ihan/i^, aii«l afl^-naanU five 
yeuri ill the coiuinit/iiou liuiiiieaii at KiveifaMil. .\t thi* turn* he went 
mill liuriiiean for liiuiaelf, lout inuiittf for thrive ii-^r* la-fore i.iMitin^ til 
tliia couit'.ry lu ISil'J. Ill laine arouiul the Horn ilimt t>> San Kian 
I ivo, anil froiii there, iii i iiui|u'i) Mith U I' ICilhet ami othem. I<aik 
tlie ateatiMT ".Sierr.* Nevail.i" for Victoria Th*- aaiue vear he went 
nil the Stickii'ii nvei ill n caniM', hut waa iip^'t aiel Im'I t4i return .\t 
\ iclona he ntarteil a n-ailiiiK lo'ini in i-onm-* tmn aith tiM- I "hainU'r i f 
Ciuniiieri'r, which latler iml iiii the pn •• in liuiMin|( ia^'ii|He<l hy thr 
llelnionico. .Sin luontha hitei he aol.l *mt, aii<l i-arrte^l iHt a |iaiht ami 
ml luMiiipaa for .lohii Iliiiiki-. ami in l**)l| «eiit into the r>-«| ea1«le luiai 
iieaa. which he haa folloMiHl to the preaeni 'late rrolaiN) n.i r. al 
eatate man in \'ictiiria haa more alr^'liite ii*nti<lefice fri*fii tin outanle 
worlil than Mr. Heiaterniaii. pnaif of which can l« Katlunil friHn the 
fact tli.-t1 iiiiuiena«' aiiiiiMof iitoney are U'lng hiaiii.*l ever) month Ihrouifh 
the linn of Helatel ilian k Co, which incliiilea. iHraiilea hilnaelf, t;e«i. 
\\, Hayiiia anil Koatcr .Macgnrii. In inauram-e, iIh-v are tfeneral 
aueiita fi r the .Mutiialljfe Aa«iirani.<' Coni|iaiiy of New Vi.rk. riieni« 



auf-iita 1 
Kire It' 
ciatiiMt ,1 



■ii-e Coiiiimii) of llriaiklyn, dull rwntintc ami \^- 
ilttxl) uf I^imloii, Sirvmen a Kuuii ui .Sau Kra«< i- ■. 



VVi"Uru 



.\»Miram" Coiti|inny of Tonmlo. The Hrin ihi a general real e«tatr aad 

linancial lirokeriiK<. luiaiucai, iiicliiiliiiK lile, tir<' an. I marine in«trai>rc, 
anil manage ealatca for |H.ople Initli at home anil ahroail. 



Mil .io«iii I hivir-A 



Thia Kciitleiiiiin wa< Ihuii in .Xiiatralin, having lirai 



lifhl 



of ilay there on the •iU\i of March, IHIII When three yeara iM lie 
waa taken hy hia parent* to CHlifoniia, where he re«.eiTe«l Ala e«lnnati««i 
al the riiion I'lililic ami Hi^h .Scho.iU ot San Knuu-iaco. .\fl<T thia 
he Ntuille.l laaik keeping, iillil j^railuateil tiniler \. tt. Ilerk. tlie reW. 
Iitate.l e\|»rl nccoiiiilaiit of S.in Kinnciaco. Thr family nKnnl t" V»e- 
tiitia ill IHin, where tli.* father ami aon engagt-il in the aiii i^j«i laiaii n — 
umler the linn naiiir of .1. I*. haMca A ( o., mnl at ihia iiinr Jialiiu 
lUvica waa iHhik ki-< per for hia father He, however, Imrmtur a |«rtaer 
ill the liouai. ill lNtl7 When they lir«t afarti^il in laiaineaa in \ tcl'ina 
their wert* live auction lioit«e« la'ahlea their own. lint lauiDeaa waa mi 
tt'rrihly iU.prca««i«l alamt the year IHI^ tha^ the iith*-ra iliaa|pfie«re«i. ami 
in the i^oiirae of four or tivr yeara, from a varn-ty of lauaea. ibe firwi v4 
,1. r. llaviraft Co. atiaal ahine. Al Ihia tune the (a |ialali<« waa •!• 
I reaaiiij;, tiaile waa atJignunl, ami ao (.ontinunl until omfeiUnilk*. 
Mr. Ihiviea atatra that lota that ari' now wor\h f-VIDI) then wral l»f|- 
giii^ at ^'{7 .Mi. Timi -I, )i<iwf\er, iinprovnl, an*l the tirm l«-|tan l«i 
iiii|K>rt Lirgely froui California, ami h.v.l a roanlrnl laiver in that atale 
iluriiiK thr yeara ll»77. "S ami '7" In l'<7!l the aenior nwmhrr of tbr 
liouae ilie.l, anil the huaineaa haa ever wince lit.en mrrietl on in ibe anae 
lirni name, hut aolely in the intereata of .haihiia itavira, wixi. IxiwpTrr, 
then 1-caa4.1l to hamlle inerchaiiiliae on hia own aiT-imat, ami haa atncw 
atrictly iiuraiii.il tliia {xilicy. Aa a luia luMia man, Mr iiavie* la pnn 
atwanl of reinarkalilv ki-eii iK-rception, ami la very ipiu k in *ln-vluig m 
ij'ieatioii. Aa an .iuctiiiiii.«>r, he haa the lamt rec-tirii in llriitah < ''Jntaila*, 
hating lielil the longrat catahiguca iiml largi.at imaietary aalrw ■•( urr- 
chamlia*. ever iiuole in the pro\ iiici'. In thia ctiOBnclafMI we 1 
the Tuniei. IWetiiii ,\ Tunatall retail at>a k ami the aatola n4 li 
iMith of whi.'li were aohl liy .Mr l>avH«. .At the Utter aalr, wbirli 
incupieil two ilaya an. I cmiaiateil of '.'.Olll Iota, ea< h ila) Mr l>»rM* 
waa ai-lliiig the lU'tiNh hit at the eml of the (ourth hour t'hi ooe oow 
aiiin, however, he inaile a aale <if 17.*i Iota in 4.'i ininutea. Mnnt l>C7 
he haa |»ai'l coiiai<leiiili|e atti-ntioii to real eatal*-, h iv ing iH^wglit larite 
ainountt for hiiuwlf ami fro'iiila, ami he haa yet to make bia tirat failure 
HI thia ilin-ct ion. He i« .lirectly or imlini lly oouiie. t>t| with n>aiiy Urge 
real eatate trana.ictii>iia through. .Ill Ihituh Cultiniliia an>i the .state of 
Waaliliigtoii. The city of ."^iiliiaa "Wea ita liic* ptiiai t.i htm, he baVMjf 
laiught ami I ngiui.<'re<l llie original towiiiite. lie la alao largely inter 
cit*.i| at IVttt < reaceiit, an. I haa la-en one of ita ataiin' h^^ aitvue%t«% 
maintaining lh.it, hiving rcgi-nl to it< general haalum, trilaitary n 
aoiircr« ami harlmr facilitiea, it la i.ipiale4l hy no other ^meritwa rtty 
oil the Strait « of .liiaii ile Kuca in ita |H-rfect a-laplalnlit v for omfaertna 
with Vicl.iria hy railway, ami he haa Uu ke.l thia opinnai hy Urge laaeel 
iiieiiti. Hia view a are that, if X'lctoria wiahea to iiiajutain her ruanrarn-ial 
aiiprcniicy, ahe iiiuat havrilirect railway iiiniiuiiiiication with the .\in(Ti 
cauavaleniof railway a, ami that the Northern l'a< iti- lathecomtaa; witli 
wliicli Mil h C'lniicctioiiahiiul.l Imn.. light on aci ouiit<»f ita lieing ajrewiiy the 
laiaai'Wor of the greiiteat nille.lge ami of the largeat Ira* la o( Un-I ■■ 
\Viia)iiiii£toii, an.l il^i aa having in the |iaat ah.iwn itaelf ait faithfnl an 
ally of tlie city of Vict.irM aa again>t the a|ialhy of other ewlasy cir 
|aiiationa \(r. Davici haa 1 'iii.lui leil Urge aalf-a for the <>iiveniaieikt 
an.l the Huil«oii'a ll.iy Coinpaiiy : itii.l. while lua niarkeil aM'-«e^ Baitat 

h' lltrlliute.l 1.. hl-i own jaraiilial oualltlea, hia llitlliMte km>wlr4||e (rf 

real eat.ae vnliiea iiml hi* aoiiml jii.lgnieiit in the ii>aoi|>nlali-i« ui fxif* 
ertv, he haa known how lo atml hiinaalf ..f the ai.l alfonletl hy jndinuua 
ami Ihiiniiigh a.lvirtiaiug He la niaiiaging ilireclor .4 the NcUitnt'ilv 
l.nnil an.l linproveinent <'oiii|i,iny an.l the luvn-a Saywanl Swwmiil 
Ciini|Mny, the litter la-iiig tin- largi-«l laml ami null r<iin|a>ny •■( liir 
Kiaileiiay iliair :. The hol.li;iga ..f thea<- iiiin|ainiea in thta aactMim 
will lie iuiiiiena<.|y prolitahle if the Kiaiti'iiay uiiiieHi ,«|) realirr one 

llillf the eV|aH tallonv Mr I'aMia haa iliilie inuih l.i entwhliah t>>r giaai 
retatlolia ekiatlng helweeli the Vlitorlana ami the Kiaileau) ^m!^^fU^, 
alwa)alllipre«aiug U|ain the former the inilnen» tallle ij ihelrxle nbtrb 
that ilKtr.cl lllllat ilevelnp For eight year* Mr Ihltlea waa •ilfe<'la« 
of the Uoval H'Kplliil ami ila iinai.li iit laat >iar H> la pn-MiWnt ••! 
till I'liit nil lal R.iy.il .liiliilei' l|.>a|.ii.tl, ami h.ia lak. n niii. h lotrmi in 

It. He la II iliri of the I I.I.I l-ilhiw aiel Maaiiiii. or.lei^ a«>l of tbr 

I'lolleei ami llrui»ll C..|llllll.<a lb m < n|. nt .S<a let i-a III the ItiU KrI 

liiWK hi- haa ilcii.le.l mil. h tine an I emtgy, hating taxa^ imrn ••mail 
Maalcr. ami ililring the two teaia h- lilliil tbrothi-f he aw<aa^le-l n 
making that iiutitnl ion the atrongeat ami weallhieat in the |>r<mi>cw. 
.Mr llaiiea ha< la-, n iiilen alisl 111 ,1 iiuinlar of other I nea of l^auMM. 
proiiiiiiently among whi.li ii Kurl/'a cigar fa< lory : laii aaww bu 
ailvent in Victoria he |ia< n tir l.ikeii any |»«rt wbateirr in imliUcn. 

M.r.VIMiKn Kiil.A .11 MIL.1iB. 

V<r Millie, wlei la the Ci.llei lor of Ciiatoina, waa latn in Murray 
ahiri . S oll.in.l, 111 IM'.>. eiingraliiig to llniHrio m hia l..)h<a>l au>l re 
maining tlicre iiiilil IML'I, w lien he atarti-il lor the IVilic nmM via 
l|aiiania, ami ariiteij in \ ictot la m \HIH He wx. attrartnl l.y Uw 
Carilaai e«cllrlne;.t, nml at on. e h'lt foi there, anil waa fi« mmt- yr»n 
• ngagc.l with Ituie llnai . until hia n linn in |a7| t,. \ 1, toria. M thu 
tune he rntrrul the arrvii-v ol thv Cuitulua m» a junior ckrk. Al tJ>*t 



<- - a 



\ 



■■•»«a. 



VICTORIA lU.USTRATF.n. 



•>5 



tinif • « riil|i-.li.r llniiil>. Ih Ul Mr «;.-... Kry.- ami Mr. < 'lii<rl<"> Kin 
Uiwni, •nil')' ■uiH'rnniiiuUil. «rrr tb« ••ly lawlr ortitrti* Mr. Miliii- 
jjra<liiitlly worknl h inarlf ap«w<l, aMil hu mitii a|>|BMnliiii'iit !<■ Ilir 

III' iii'VtT l<aik an at'tivr tart in |>aMir aCain 



?ra<liiitll 
'<i|l<-<'U>niliit< of tiii> |ii>rt. Altb-iaKh ai«a)'> a utau'n' li < ■••ii«r\«lm', 
IT liaik an ai'tivr tart in |>aMir aCain Hi- luw tilli-<l ||i<' lll^ll 
■■■t |»»i(i n Ihr liraiKl \f\^ \ .V h .\. M >A Itntxli l'<iliiinl>iii fur 



till' two yi'»r» !•( |hh7 arnl l*N». ha«ii>iC >«>ti|.i«^I tlir i liiir nf liniiiil 
Maotir Willi honor to liimvlf «n-l \\tr mft ihi January lit. IVNI, lie 
Miui a|>|ioiiili'i| < 'oll>'<'l>.r ii > n>1o<M. K>^»«rtr<'( >lu|i|>iiii; iiimI Com 
IrolliT of I'liiiirM' (or tlii' Tort «W Vict<«u. Hi« iiMiiHiiiiHi for mi many 
yrara witli llir < 'ii»tom ll>«ar. Ilia n«rlr«y. kia ri-a<linra« to olili);i' nil 
tlioM* with whom Ih- liaa h«>l '«na*K4i t«* lio 1*u«iih-««. an«l tin* rtlii'iinrv 
Willi whirh hi' haa |»-rfomi»'l hi» •l>it«r-^ ha««- ma<lr for hitii n Kniii 
ni.iny frivmln, not only m Virtoru. Iml al«>j»l. an<l his a|>|iiiiiitni«iit to 
hia |in-arnt |HMiliiin liaa >wm ainctjjr •« Uir fjau of civi< arniii'. 

r. I-. ■•tttiv.t «Mp m. 

Thia hiiu«r of impiirti-n **•! atraw4Mp a«rata ia i<oui|HMnl of K. I '. 
I>K\ hIkt ami Oiurlra t'urvrn, ■•i4h T<«ii|( lura. whiMr rrroni \\\v |uHt 
twoyi-amat Virloria u a rra>arlui>4r roe. Mr. runarn lao Kii)(li«li 
mam ha<l until that tinir afirat tamtt fit* yrar* in thr I'mtot Stntex, 
ami cKlaM iitll> III lalifornia ; whilr Mr liaTfl^r. «h<> la ali»> KiiKliah 
liy liirth, Ii.kI ii|>riit titr yntn in imlia .Mnuta. <°hir.a aii'l .laiMU. in tin- 
I'liiploy of the t'hartrmi Hank •* likiia, Awtralia ami I 'lima. TIiih 
liroiiKhl .Mr. I>a\iilitr into •iwtacl aitk tbr mm hanta of tliore co'jii 
trii-a. till- ayntrni of iliHnic tm«»B«a vitk o(fc«r caaintniii ami tin- iiiiiii. 
iirr of rHliulatint; rt<'ha»|{r. ahuh h |»act>eally thi- nio>t l>romiii>'nt 
fai't'ir III I'oniiprlion with ini["rtat»« frtan otJh«^r cotiutni-n. \\\v nnull 
w.ia that till' lirm waaaMr lorrpmmtai acmtaaonx-irf th<- larK«at liouM-a 
of thf ttrii-nt «iii-h aa thr tcrral lira of Sa.itu«l. Namui-l ft Co. , of .laimii, 
ami otlK'rii ii|iially (ironiiiH-nt. Y. I' IHatkitfr ft Co. till onli-m cvrn to 
till' riiili'il Stat<» liy UmhI. aiMl an al4r t" aril a» low, Iwiiiy liroki-m, 
aa thr ijoinIii ■an la- li*! -Iirv. « Tbe> •»«itr^'l thr rutin- outp'it of om- 
of till' li-.-ithi-r (laiH-r niilU of la|Ma, whit^ Buau factum from thi- pulp 
of till' iniilUTTy tn-r. in an) ikaaipi. llx- hamlaomrot wall pniH-r in 
•••latiiio'. Thiy hamllr aL>> r»<». '4 whiHi Saniuil, Sani"-! ft Co. 
haiiilli' al>>ut half Ihr i-niira eipnrt. Tk^t liao-llr mlkn, ami I'vi-ii 
iiianilla <'i|{an>. w hn-h lattrr arr maAr fn«i Kaf ^iwn from H.iviuin 

loliiii lu'i'il Thr tiini hair bus nanMrtcau in all tlH- lar^i- ritii-n of 

till- I'nilol .■<tali'< ami CanaiU TWjr W-<rr Ulrly I •in upiiointiil 
ii«(riil« for Ih.- rpton linr of •t^aoHlup*, ••<( air niakiutc tlii> Inn- a 
|iopiil.ir ^iml |a>wi rful i-omia-titiir m tlw iinf«l«l trwlr with tlii> Cuii.i 
limn I'arilir lim it •(• aiu»lii|H. Tl>» • 4f*rr of Ihia houar funilalii'ii foml 
for iKiwrrfiil ii'lli-ition To-iU» lh»» arr a^rrnla ot tin- .la|ian Twi 
.'<yii'liinti'. of \ okohania ai»l KoJ>- ; lif tJ>r T-kio Ixatiii r ra|ii r Mill* : 
till' Ciiii.K MilU. of K'>l>' : o( thrC.niMita i.ral .h- Talati-o-. ih- l-il- 
ipiiiiw ; ami of Charhn t aatiucU ft to iLiiur.ni), atnrl iron worka. of 
Kii^himl. 

T. >. j«>»e». L. 11. «. 

|lr Jom^ i« a ii.tiivr of Ti«>'«t<>. sbm- Im- tir»t n>iuni<'ni'<il tlii- 
atinly of lii« profi-MiKi, aiHi which br lUUiiml at Ni-w York City. 
Ki'liiMiiii^ to I aiLtiU hr iwactaml at Kowiaaai ilk' ami St. Ca'h.-iiim-a, 
OiiIhiio. for twi-iit> thnv jraarw. Cuauac to t'k-Uina in |Hv4 hi- haa 
aiiiii* inailr thia iHai-v- hn koaiir. aa«i lua huilt up thi' lar^-al pnu-' 
tici' of ili'iitiatry HI Vii'toria Ilia aun. I : T 11 .l.«ii-a, |l. |i. S . who 
la a Krn'lililti' of ihr l'liilMUI|>>ika iMital ColtrKr, la hia mUi-ntiui- Dr. 
.liMMv'a h.biiilik'tmi- ri^i'li'iirr will Iv «wa la owr patfi-*. Mi- hax lii-t-ii 
i'il«'ri-«l«il in ni.tny pn.i -< l» (or th» aihaa ntu i in t «f Vioioiia iiilcrrati, 
iiotalily that of thr Kin-lm- Traaawajr C*— |MHy, nf ahlrh hr u vii-c 
pn Miili'iit. 

lUtraat^ a t •arm 

In •'oiii|Miiy with IIm* la*r Wiitiaai HmttlM- -at i'Im- tiiiii- Pii-nih-r 
for |{riti«fi Ciiluniliiai, Mr .wmttli. ah** wa* U^ii at l-Miiilnirifh, .Siil 
Ihii'I. Ill IMii. rnnir to Virtorta <ia I'aaaaaa in \yttl. Hr rii^aifnl aa a 
'ofi-iiiaii •'ariirntrr until IWU. aWa br u*Jk cliar|(i' of a aawiuill at 
Kii'«-|Mtrt. on i*ni(rt Siuml, rrtwraiaif x** Vtrt'iria lu iMi'i 4ti<l i-ntiai;ui|{ 
III ati-aiiilioat i-ontrai-tlnit Hr talcr \^»\ liar niaiiai^lin nt of IliiMliii^a 
Sawiinll Coin|ati<v, Ituirinl a Inlrt. aad la INHH wtnt to >aii |-'ian< iiuo 
to I'liyatfi 111 null w<irk. rrt«rnin|{ atfaia t^i \'>riina in l*iT-. ■'^'iiki' 
that tiiiii' III- h.ui piiraiirvl hi* |irr'amt la a a ta gwa. a hirh inrlu'li-n if< iii'ial 
null Work. Itliiahliiit, i-oiilrai tioic ai»*l )«iil<lii»ie .Annin); thi- *trui'tun'a 
• Mil up iiii'li-r hi* a<i|n r^iai'Hi arr *tir I'laaUaArr, Caat4Nii Houai', Tjlilii* 
S.ImniI -. IC.-.li.-rii. i.alpiii. ■s.tilh.rair aaH H<«lk«ra hhx ka : Clan>m-i- 
ami Mi'tro|a>lr Hoti-la ami Hank A Hnliali rahnalaa. of Vi.-loria : ami 
thr Ciivtoin lloiiM- ariil rtatt^^fccv at NaaainHi Hr waa tir«t i-lii-tnl 
.Milrrninn in IWttt. ami haa auMw arrtnt arira timra Hi- waa i hair 
man of Ih- Wali-r Worka (•■r foar yawx aad at ptvarnl :a ihairuiau of 
Ihr ."itn'i'tn ami roliii- Comiiiitta-rw^ 

• MiKLca aataakit. 

Mr. Haywanl .anir to Victana f IW! itiro-t fmni Stmtfonl. 
Kaadl, Kii|iiaii-I. whrrr ti-raahm al lii> faHiily alill iv>i<lr. ami 
hriv >i|iti'n-il ajwh an<l iha-r aiMnfar«ar<a<[ att<l i{rmi^l i-ontrai'tiii);. 
Kor ai'vi-ral vi-am hi- waa a nirmhrr of Ihr Muniii|H! Conm il, an<l waa 
Ihrri' at tin- tiiiir of thr | aianfr of thi- rvii irst4<.l waUi ait for liriiiK- 
iiiH walt-r into \'K-laina. Mr Haywanl Im< aiau lakru a Kn'at inlrrvat 



in pilhlii: achmil. iharitaMr ami fwlilic aliaini. For tin- pa-l ai« 

yrara hi' hiia la-rn ihairiiuiii of thi- S hiail Kiairil. Sim-i- iU i -ptioii hi> 

haa Im-ii, a mi-iiil»-rof tin jlairil. ami ia iiow Vii-t- Tn-aiih-nt of thi> Pro 
vih.ial liojal.liil.il.-r l|.»pital, honorarv Srcn-Ury of thr I'mtoaUnt 
llrphaiiaKi ami a .liiati.i- of thr I'raiv. '.Mr. Haywanl haa l»i>ii vury 
"iii.i'aafiil in a l>uaiiii-u w:iy, ami i> lartfrly intrri-alnl in rral ratate 
la.tli til ilii- lit) of \'i>'toria nml throiiitlKiut thr piwiuce. 

\ WiolvrK IKON WoKk". 

Thia im|M'rtaiit imluatrt i< aituaU~i| o« IVinlirokr itriH't, la-tw-M-ii 
I liuiiilaa ami lioM-riiTii.nl. ritrmliuj; through to I'nm-i-aii avniur. It 
u.iai-hial.jialii'.l III Iwj hy .M.«ini. WiU.ii Knm. C. II. Wilaoii mow 

Im inu (ji-ii.ial miinaifir ami pi i|<il ownrr of iIk- worka. Thr hunitifaa 

la that of liniiral foiin.lrra ami inailiinuta. a atininlly Iving nimlr iif 
taiililiiiU lion I'oluiiuia. ^'irilrra an<l Krm-ral an-liitrrtural work. Thia 
firm .-aal 11)4 toiia of iron work for thr m w llnanl l.uihliUK. Sawmill 
work ami (-a«lin(ja for thr rln tri. tramwaya, rtc, an- nlao iloiir. An 
avrragr of forty hvr mrii arr riu|i|oyi<.|. 

••oi.i»>TKr.«ii iiirrcL. 

Ilila hollar, aitiiatii) at liolilatmini, alamt rlrvrn milra fnuu Vic- 
tiiria, ia till- ti-niiinua ..( i,|.-;t«arr arekm of |>rrh«pa the iuo»t hi-»utiful 
ilrivi- aroiiml \i.-t..ria. Thr i^rnial |m.pnrt«r, .Mr. .lann-Ji i'hayrr, who 
han U-i-ii ■ atahliahi-il lirrr aonir aix yrara, roniini; origiiinlly from the 
.■"ilada. haa niaiir thr Iiou-m- rvcrrilingly faipnlar. In aihlition to tho 
lii-autiful atiolla anuiii'l hia houar. tln' ttn-am ami wi«»la in thr viimity 
alaiiiii.l with trout, pin aaaiit. (frmiat-. ilrrr. Uar ami ala.iii aiiythiiiK 
till- hiiiitniiian may .d-airr. .Mr. I'hayrr la hiinM-If an anhiit aiKirt-unaii. 
ami la always williiiK to ac-oni|ainy hia jfueat irti a hiintiuti rx|i<'ilit».ii. 
Ill' ia a yoiinjj niin. a larttr |ir>i|»-rty owm-r, ami haa laiuglit oiir thou.H.'iml 
a.-rra of liiir lamia, of whii li h..- haa iiiw humlmlwrvs umlir i-ultivution. 

I . E. >EI>FF.kN'. 

Mr. Ki-'Ifi'in rainc to thr Ciia»» v«ne twenty-nine yeari .ij;o, ami ha< 
«inrr iK'rn i-ni;.iKicl in hi« Iri'Sr of watchmaker, lie Wi* rlctli-.l .M.-ixor 
of llii- I ily in iSXj. ami x-rvi-H two umioui year* as Counrillor. l'..r 
lidin-n yrar* Mr. Kolfcrn ha» aupplin! the rjly with >'tan<laril lime. IK- 
placril .1 l.ir|;i' ilial in |>iMiion alaivr his n-irr, »|irr.itini; it l.y machint'iy 
plai-i-.| v.mi- «-\rnl\ (iv.- leri in the rear of his liuiMing. Mr. Ktilfrrn is 
Iho owiH'i of i|n' I'uililin); he <arupii-», which luLs a fronl.i);e on (iovirn- 
mrnt stn-i-l of twrnlyiwn feel, ami sevmiyhtc feet depth, lie ha> a lar^e 
anil oiuum>liou» woitshoi. in the rear irf hia shop, in which he eniploy* 
tue ^killi'tl workmen in ihc nunuCacturc of (inc jewellery ami re:i;iiriii|; 
work, lie lariii-'. a Mm-k of M.nie $40,000, ami ileal* only in vili I (-olil 
ami -iiver jewellery, hamllin^ mithin|; in the |>laietl |i.h>U line, txrept 
Mlile ware. .Mr. Kfilfein wa-. aaapteil the omtrail for the new Cily 
II.1II iliak .mil lull, lately put in (KMiion. whiih were inanufai liiifcil liy 
Mes^l- (iillelUV JohnwHi, of Croylon, EnglaiHl. 

Mllr HI'IIIUNG. 

Thi-s ia one of the imfmtiant imlu^rie^ of Victoria, ami employs ipiiie 
an .uiny of men. Mramer», sailing; ve^aeU ami all vnis of .rafl are liuilt 
ill llie \ariU, while the butlilinj; ami ei|uip|an{; i< thi- alwayn iiH're.isim; 
lleel of se.ilinu -.chiainera i* a lari;e imlii'^uy in itself. l'rinci|ial .-iiiion^ ihe 
ship \ar.K an- ihe "Star." the " Cenlraj," the "Civile." ami those of 
I-...I ,\ Ml hoiiijal. I. |. Kntiinvin, T. C. |nn« amlli. I). Mcintosh. 
.XuioUi; lhe-«- the " Star " ship yani i» ',<r<>lialilv the Uir|;eM, ami ia siuialeil 
on Ihe Imliaii ki-vr%e, ami is tillnl .ait to accomnnalale a nuniU'i of 
vessi'ls of all slip's. There are maihine shii|a» in connection, anil at ,ill 
limes «trauu-rs. iuj;s ami \ev*els are on the wa)s U'inj; rrpaireil. Mr. 
Warmi has limit s..iue ..f ihe hnr»l sralinc m hi>>iir.> .( the rteel, ami 
is loniinually iufnin|i ou: laiats of all ilevripiioas from the sm.ill sail 
y.-iilil .0 ihe steamer. 

•■ IHr. I i>I.O!«l>iT." 

Tki r.'.'iw/i/ news|>a|«rr was eval.lisheil in 1858 hy the lion. .\mor 
I li'Cosimis, anil since that time has hail an alnuM invarialily aiircevsful 

I .irt-i'i. Many other new sjwjiers ha\e sus-t-umlctt to the incvitahle, ami 
.lie iiiii.ilii-ieil wiih the almost for)^>(ten |»iooerTs who ilieil early in the 
sifu^j;le of .1 new iiaintrv. 1 hf t\u'rni^t. thri^ii^h ihe alaliu of its owners, 
telaineil its siipit-inai-\ .is the trailing journal of Itriiish I oliiml.ia through 
the varioii- siaj;>s i.f pi.»|ieriiy ami ilulness which ha«e Msiicil this I'ro 
Mine, ;he lion. I>. \V. Iligfins fimu iMb until xftfti hasint; );uiile<l Us 
iU-siin\. aitil ihriHij;h his alile mana4;mH'ni seeurtil |o it (iisi plai-e. In 
iMili-r. I^^i6. Kills .\ I'o., m>w oimianol ••( \V. II. KIlis ami A. li. 
>ai|;ison. s»s uusi i-iuilrol of 7fc- <',>/;.»/// aiKl lis kimlrnl ile|ianuienl*. 
sih< e which lime. Ill stnipaih) wiih the KTowih of Victoria ami the I'rn- 
111111-, ii h.is iiiaile rapi.l aiUance in taltte as a news|iai)er. anil is acknow- 
leil|ii-il as the ui'isi enter)>iisir.|« .in-l intluentul ;.airnal in Itritish Columbia. 

II is an i-i^lil')u^e -.4'\en-iolumn |<wtirt. n^ilainini; the lale'st lele)*raphic 
ami Im'al iii-ws, an<l is al>lv eiliteil. It is Ularral CiKisertaiive in inililii-s, 
.mil is the chief or^an of the Protinrial I ..•'.rrnment. In connri-lioii with 
ihe uewspa|iri aie )oli prmlini;. laliel |4inlin(; ami lithiiKLiphic piuninf; 
i|i'|sailnu-nls. ilic work lutneii out in each heii^ cs|aal in merit to !liat of 
.iiiy othi-e on the i-ontinent. ** yufaria fltnttraftti" was compileil anil 
piiiiiisl in '/k,- Coltmifl oltice, ami ia an evWicoce uf the high class uf 
prinlini; ilone by that itulitutiua. 



*■ 



I- 



llf 



1 



VICTORIA ILLUSTRATED. 



"Tilt TIMES.' 



Is .in nt;lil (Kice sixoilumn iu-wsimikt, |iulili«hr.| by The Times 
rulilishing (.11., of which Mr. Win. TiniiiUnMn i> ihicf immi .iiid 
Ktiici.il nia:iaciT. It i» .•» Iiriuhl iu-»>.y i\iiun|; pajK-r, anil ailniir.iMy 
lilU Ihr tiilil II iicciipies. Il is Lilwial in ikiHiics anil in i>p|H)Miiiin tu 
the pri-scnt rrovincial (Kivtrnnuni. 



This ixiini wts nilnpiril liy ihf C'oni|>any in 1842 nii Ihclr rhii-f i«»l on the 
rarihc, when ihc t'"m|«ny rcniovfil from Or<t;i>n. Thcit intiinsrs mi 
Wharf siriil arc !.pa>i<ius ami o.iilain a very lar^f simk nf .ill kln<l^ ■.( 
i-iHals suilalili' fur iraiiint; with Ixilh Hhilt-s ami l.iilians, ihdr wint-s aiiM 
rii|Uori> tin>liii|; a lar|;r marktl in ihi- iii'i|;hl>iirin|; Slalts. loriiu'ily Iniih 
whiilr>al<' ami rrlail Iraili- ».is ralrrnl li>, l.ul rfcrnily iht- < '<iiii|>aiiv's 
niana|;cnicnt here have withilrawn Innii the latter aiii) .^iieniinii is paiil 




THE HKIAKH IUHSK. (RKIWN h IIAKTNAlil.K I'mwTii. t.«..i 
Tll« llirilSON BAY company's 



hrail<|uarter» for iht Paeilic Northwnl are hicalnl in XHrtiiria, with Mr. 
K. II. Hill, .M. r. I'., in general char|;r. The fur ciillectii>n« are xriil 
Id this |ir>iiii from as far east as the I'eare Kiver iliKlrirt. am! then shiiipcd 
to I^.mlon. The sii|>|>lies foi iheif vaiioiis |>i>sts in llrilish ( oluuil.ia nn.l 
the Nurlhwnl Tcrritury wljuining Aiaaka arc furwaiilcd Ironi Vicluria. 



allo(;r(her to wholesaling;. The llmlson llay I'omiiany'k ami olhei sailiii(( 
Vessels annually l.iinK ilire> I (roen l^milon their 1 hief •i.«l> ^'f heavy 
giHalt, wines, liijuora, dr., ami loail leturn iar>riies of eaiimil salmon. 
Their ,inniial turn over of ^%»As amounts In aUiul a million ilollan. 
IVsjiIrs the Lifjje metcaiitilc liusineu Iransaileil. ihe I om|iony h«»e 
extensive real estate holilin|;s in anil near Vi< toria from which they eon 
ilaully derive a hamls»nic icvenue. 



i I 



hiff tNMt fin the 
lir piciiiisrs cm 
of all kln<K .,( 
heir wii)i-s ,ii)>l 
lormt-rly Niih 
the l'oiiiianv'» 
tciiiiiin ii> |iaiU 



I 



I 



* 



11 /*" 



. 



Ill iilhc'i sailiiit; 
• link •'< hrnvy 
;ani)f^l ^Ininn. 
niillK'ii ilolUn. 
I'iiiit|«'iy have 
iliUli lilt) Clin-