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C4 K > K R A I. HISTORY 



OF 



BIRDS. 



nv JOHN LATHAM, 31. D. 



F.R.S. A.S. AND L.S, 



4« *i>. < 1-, Nm. CiniDs Rr.<;. Holm, et Sor. Nat. Scrct. Berolin. Soc. &c, ic. 



VOL. I. 



WINCIIESTKH : 

niisiii* nv .lAtoB AM> JOHNSON, for the aitiior: — sold in i.onuos uy 

'.. \M> W. U. WIMTTAKKU, A V i:-M AIM A-I, AN K ; John WARREN, noNU-»TRKET, 

>*. WOOD, I2N, strand; ano j. mauman, 39, j.i duate-'street. 



1821. 



•7 
Ell 



I 



A 






•fl 



TO 



1. 

I 



rni: kin(;s most exoellfat ma.tksty 



C^EORGE THE FOURTir, 



SIRK, 



THE Work which J now suhmil to the public, 
under Y'our ,}fajc,sfi/'s most i>racious Patronuof, h(Ui been the 
lubour and nmusctuent of manif years. 



i 



i 



Ilaviuq-, through the kindness of manif friends, had 
an op/wrtuniti/ of e.vaminini*' most of the subjects mentioned 
f herd, I, I trust that the descriptions will be found faithful. 

That Y'our JMajesty may long reign orrr a loyal 
/wo file, the Patron and Encourager of Science and Art, in all 
their branches, is the sincere wi^h of 

Your Majesty's 
Devoted and grateful Subject and Servant, 



JOHN LATHAM. 



M IMIILSTIB, Sept. 1821. 



If 



PREFACE. 



It is now n.aily (wn.ty years since the last \'(.linne, or S.oon.l 
Supplement to the St,nopsis of liirds, Mas puhhshed; and it is satis- 
♦aetory to observe the <Iaily inerease of the aWinirers of Natural 
History in general, parti.Milarly in the .lepartnn-nt of Ornitholouy. 

At the tinu' of publishini- the Syn..psis, ne had no inteutiou 
wf writin- further on the sul.jeet ; hut we have sul.se.p.ently availe<| 
ourselves of every opportunity of eorreetinir and an.endin.n am errors 
or nusrepresentalions whi<.h had uMa>oidal.ly arisen in thai >^.>rk, 
and were tempted, at the same time, to c.unmit to paper, <les<Tiptions 
of every new disct.very in that l.raneh : an.l especially to compare 
Hirds, nearly similar in pluma-e, with eaeh other, with the intentio,i of 
aseertaiuin- whether they were distinct as to species, or varyin- only 
i" MX, or immature in feather. In this we trust we have .succee<led 
ill very many instances, and have to acknou led-e the -reat assistance 
artbrde,! by the hd.ours of M. Temminck, of Amsterdam, whose 
views have been .lirected to the same point, as may be seen more 
fully in his last Manuel d'OrnU/wlonie. 



VI 



PREFACE. 



From tiM' ;il)ovt; sources we huve been enabled to ijivt to iIm- 
public 11 ^ivat \iiri«'ty of new niatttT, as wtll as n«'\v subjcrts, and 
aitliotiifli this niiulit possibly liavi- been attained by nttans of con- 
tinnnl Suppli intnts, it \yould liaye itMpiircd at least two of tlitsr as 
appt'nda,u<'s to tin* former ones, which would haye so embarrassed 
tile uhole, as to make it no easy matter to search after the eon»plef» 
history of any single subject wanted. 

On this account we have resohed to bei>in (his work, as it were 
anew, and s<» to blend the old with the new matter, as t»» ui\e 
the observations and ad<litions «>f many years at one view. Moreover, 
had the ]>ublishinu any further Su])pleinents been res<»lved «>n, 
>\e are constitiine*! to say, that many of the possessors of the tirst 
Se\en Volumes wcndd have had cause of complaint, from there 
Iiaviuju; been a confine<l number of copies printed of the Second 
Supplement or Eiirhth Volume,* insonnich as totally to preclude 
very many persons from completing their sets; and it is the more t«» 
be hunented, as this last volume was not a little interesting, from its 
containing many valuable additions, besides a considerable nund>er 
of Birds, from New-Holland, not before described. 



* A little time prior to tlit- puMicatioii i>f the Second Suppleineut, on fiiidiiij; it »«n 
iiu'onvt'iiit'iit to confer witli my Uooksellers so often ns I liail l)een accustomed to do, from the 
5,'reat distance I then hved from London, 1 Hf;ree<l to put tlie remaininf,' copies of the Seven 
Vulnines, tiien puhlished, into their hundM, at a fair v;diu\tion; and tindin^Mt to he their \M-h 
that I shouhl for\n an Eighth Volume, from the nd<litional matter I had collected >inee tiie 
piildication of my first Supplement, 1 furnished it to them, to he printed at their own cost ; 
hut not lonij after, 1 learned, to my surprise, that instead of iVMt, tl. numlier of i opic- 
printed of the former Volumes, only 250 were struck oH', Wliat en<l this was to answer wa-^ 
known only to themselves, and I think it ri^ht to mention the » ireunistanee here, to exculpiitt 
myself from the hlan\e which has attached to nie on that procedure, and which, from that 
Vulume not hein^ then my own proi>erty, it was not in my power to prevent. 



•» >.»w.». 



I 



PREFACE. 



\\\ 



It is very uiifortiiuatti for the promotion of Natural History, that 
s(* many and \arions Systems in Ornitlioloify have of late years been 
atlfuipted, and of course each builder of a new one flatters himsell' 
that he has done senice to science, by bringing the productittns of' 
nature under soiue restrictions; but the intinite variety and nndtitude 
of wUUU it consists, will not be so fettered; and how far the 
clahorately nudtiplying of Genera will truly answer the end of thr 
Naturalist, m«' have yet to learn. In respect to ourselves, having in 
the Synopsis t'ornied a plan, which has been in general understood, 
atid not disa|)proved of, it behoves us to continue the same arrange- 
ment, as near as may be, in the present publication. AVe cannot 
«»bject to those who come after us actinu: accordinu,- to their own 
ideas, Init hope, that though at present they dit^^r widely one 
Jroru the other, each preferring his own method, they may unite in 
sentiment, and togetltci form one system, on such a basis as to be 
a standard for future generations. 

In a work like the present, the reader may expect to tind a full 
account of the nature of the feathered creation ; but this has been 
already so sufficiently done to our hands by others, as to render it 
uiuiecessary to enlarge on it in this place. On this head we have (o 
recoiumeiul the i)erusal of the elaborate and elegant woiks of the 
Count de Buffon. This matter has also been most amply taken up 
by M. Daudin, in his Tiaite d'Ornithologie, and will fully merit the 
reader's attention. 

The late Mr. Pennant, likewise, has so scientifically treated the 
subject in his Genera of Birds, as to render any further observation 
on this point unnecessary: and I ought not to omit, that the Intro- 



VIII 



PREFACE. 

iltirfioii of CiiloiicI >ront;igii to his Oniitholotiival Dicflonari/, uuiy 
l)(' roiisiiltid with hoth piotit and satisractioii. 

|{(it ill r«s|i«Mt to s\steiii, if we ex<t-|»t IJ«lon. (msiim-. Ahho- 
vatuhis, and .Inhnsfoii, all of whtiiii liavf made, more or less, at((in|its 
at ai'i'anu«'ni(>nt, tlure are but few wUo have taktii mure than a 
d<Mdloiy view of the matter. 

Our (oiintrvinaii, the irreat liav, therefore, inav he iii>tlv roii- 
sidered the first author of system, and it is to him that we are indebted 
for the valuable Oniitholotry of Francis \\'illuju:hby, Esq. whieh, 
tlionuh published as tar bark as the year 1()7J>, has not lost if^ 
eeleliiity; but iVom that time <>rnitholo<ry l^s made a ra[)id |iroi>res<. 

From heuee we are naturally led to the name of the e\er to be 
remendieivd r.innaiis, who not only lias doseante«l lar;;«'ly on llinls, 
but, at one view, drawn to..,.tlier, as it were, all nature* and her 
productions, into his Si/s/eiiiu »\V//w/«, niul his nnthod, as far a^ 
relat(?s to our subject, has served as u basis, to (he present day. 
There is one thiuir, however, which has appeared uiuucouuti.'de. 
and ill whieh he ditlers from Hay. The latter separated all birds 
into (wo uraiid divisions; the one, those which fre«pient laiul — lh«- 
other, those which frecpieut water: but Liiiiueus «livides the land 
birds into two parts, placiii,!; the water birds between. This has e\er 
seemed to us unnatural, ami has, theretore, not been admitted in the 
present work. Me prefer Hay's oriijinal arran,u;ement, but adhere to 
the Jjiniaan (ienera, e\<ept in such instances as manifestly required 
a deviation : and it will not escape the reatler's attention, that ue 
have, from this necessity, ourselves tbrmed .several new ones; I'oi 
instance, in the Synopsis — AVattle-binI, Channel-bill, IMant-eutter, 
Plautain-eater, Coly, Menura, Tinamou, Sheath-bill, CVreopsis. 



PFIEFACE. ix 

Courier, Pratincole, aiul Penguin ; and in tin- pres«>n« work the 
Secretary. Honey-eater, IJarbican, C'oneal, Malkoha, Knieu, Krotly, 
and Finfoot. To go further than this, uouhl, perhaps, entanuh- the 
reader, and too much load his memory, to little purpose; for Ihouuh 
it may he iihjeeted, that any particular hird may not answer exactly 
to the definition of a genus, in every min«ite pouit, yet, if it l)e found 
to coincide in most of the characters, it ought to he admitUd, rather 
than to form a new genus for it ; especially, if such bird is one 
Jdready known and nciived; otlierwise the reader will have to 
search for it muler a disguise, and not readily find what lie wants. 

It will ]ui oliser>ed, in many cases, that birds are sjiid to be in 
various cabinets, not now in existence— but it must be remembered, 
that at the time of tirst penning the Synopsis, and long after, the 
Leverian Museum was in full preservation. Many subjects also, 
referred to in the British Mu.seum, have since fallen into <lecay : and 
the very numerous and choice articles then in Mr. Bullock's noble 
collection are now dispersed. 'I'he reader has, therefore, to rely on 
the author only for the descriptions. 

To a cursory observer it may appear, that a full description of 
any bird, suspected to be simply a variety of a species already known, 
was unnecessary; but it has been judged right to detail the plumage, 
that in case any person should meet with a specimen similar in colour, 
and answering to the description, he may be less at a loss to refer it 
to the species it belongs to; and the reader will not, ne presume, b.; 
d;spleased to find the numerous references to the authors who have 
mentioned the respective species, more especially those in which there 



PREFACE. 



are iiuures, as lie may thereby the more easily comprehend tlie shape 
and colours of theoliject in question, than by mere description. 

It is intended to join one coloured copper-plate, at least, to 
each genus, of some bird, which, in many instances, has not been 
before (igured, witli the intent of pointing out to the eye of the less 
informed naturalist, wherein one genus differs from another. 

From the numerous spe(.'ies of the Falcon tribe, the present 
volume can only admit the four following genera, viz. — Vulture, 
Secretary, F\ilc(>n, an<l Owl, to which an adequate number of plates 
are appropriated ; perhaps fewer in j)roportion than Avill be found in 
the subse(pient volumes, but this could not be avoided, without 
making the volumes too unequal in respect to each other. 

Among the many friends to whom I consider myself imder 
obligations, during the progress of this work. Sir Joseph Banks, 
Bart, stands eminently foremost, having assisted me, from the 
beginning of our acquaintance, with the examination of all his 
Ornithological specimens, collected by him in his Voyage to the 
South Seas, as well as by the inspection of his nnmerous collectitui 
of drawings, to the time of his lamented death, added to the free 
loan of every book from his valuable library, that could be useful in 
the undertakini>-. 

I am happy to mention my long acquaintance and reciprocal 
friendship with the lat« Thomas Pennant, Esq. whose merit, as a 
Hritish Zoologist, stands mnivalled, an<l I flatter myself I shall 
continue to find in his son what I experienced in his father. 

To J.ieutenant-(Teneral Davies, of the Boyal Artillery, T r i 
greatly indebted ; from whose faithful pencil I have been furnislitd 
with very many exact representations of new subjects, taken from 



I 



PREFACE. 



XI 



I 



the different Ornithological collections of his friends, independent of 
those in his own well-chosen caljinet of subjects in Natural Histor> . 

I am under many obligations to Lord Stanley, not only for the 
loan of many fine specimens, at various times, but also tor his 
scientific observations; and it is well known, that his collection of 
preserved birds is not only numerous but select. 

I have been greatly assisted in my pursuit by the inspe<tion of 
a large number of drawings, brought from India, by Sir J. Anslni- 
ther, Bart, done under the eye of Dr. Buchanan ; and am also un<ler 
similar oldigations to the last named gentleman, not onlv for the 
use of his own portfolios of Ornithological drawings, but also for his 
anima«lversions on the subjects therein contained. 

To the Earl of Mountuorris I am not less obliged, for assisting- 
me with the view of his numerous drawings of Indian and other 
birds, made under his inspection. To Mr. Salt, also, manv thanks 
are due, for furnishing me with tl^e sjiecimens of l»irds, collected by 
him during his journey into Abyssinia, among wliich were many 
entirely new. 

I also feel myself most deeply indebted to Lieutenant-Cu neral 
Hardwicke, of the Bengal Artiih ry, who, with the utmost liberality, 
entrusted me, for a long time, with his very numerous and select 
ihawings of the birds of India, ^here he resided many years, taken 
uiuler his direction, from the subjects themselves. 

The world will no doubt give me credit for mentioning two 
British Ornithologists, now no more ; I mean M illiam B<iys, Esq. 
of Sanduich, in Kent; and Colonel Montagu, Author of the Orni- 
tholooical nicfionan/, as I have from both of them received many 
useful remarks and observations on many British species. 



1.2 



I" I 

1^ ' 



XII 



PREFACE. 



I have likewise to tliaiik Thomas Wilson, and A. B. Lambert, 
K<r(rs. for the examination of various specimens of birds from New- 
Holland, as well as for the inspection of numerous drawings, from 
tlie same part of the world : and I think it but justice to mention 
the obliiiations I have been under to my worthy friend Mr. Hutchins, 
I'ornurly resident at Hudson's Bay, but long- since dead, who not 
only procured for me numerous specimens from that part, but fur- 
nished me with a large Volume of Observations on the birds of that 
rliniate. 

I have also the satisfaction of naming Mr. Abbot, of Savannah, 
in Georgia, who, I trust, yet lives to continue to furnish faithful 
observations on the birds in his vicinity, as well as specimens; and 
the volumes of American Ovnithology , by Mr. >yilson, need only to 
be known to be appreciated. 

Mr. M'Leay will also find his name mentioned with gratitude 
in various parts of this work, having submitted to my inspection 
many fine specimens of birds, chiefly from Berbice and its neigh- 
boinhood. 

I am indebted, likewise, to the late Earl of Seaforth, for the 
inspection of a large collection of preserved birds from Trinidad, as 
well as the gift of several, collected by himself, during his residence 
in that part of the world. 

I can by no means omit to mention of the kindnesses .shewn to 
nie by Chas. Wilkins, Esq. of the India Hou.se, in pointing out 
many rare subjects and «lrawings therein contained. 

And the world ingeneml must think itself particularly indebted, 
by the numerous specimens in Ornithology, as well as otlier branches 



PREFACE. 



Xill 



of Natural History, added thereto hy Dr. Ilorsfield, beiiii^ the 
result of several years residence in the Ishutd of Ja^a, more espe- 
cially as a great part of Ihein is entirely new. 

And lastly, I nnist apologi/e for taking up the reader's time 
so long on this subjeet, being induced thereto, Irom a 4le«ire of sliew- 
ing my remembrance of the assistance atibrded to me : and although 
I muy have omitted the names of many others in this place, ht 
them be assured, that I have not forgotten their attentions. 

In respect to the names of the authors whom I have consulted 
throughout this nndertaking, a Catalogue will be foimd of them at 
the end of the work. And lam pleased to observe the propensity 
in many of our late Voyagers, among other things, to pay attenti«)n 
to Natural History in the account of their travels, whether in the 
inclement Arctic Regions, or the hottest climes ; that they may con- 
timie to pursue such proofs of their desire to promote knowledge, is 
mv sincere wish. 

The scientific reader, doubtless, may point out many errors in 
this work : I haA o, ns far as in my j)ower, studied fidelity, and hoping 
that such mistakes as fall to the lot of every individual may be 
regarded with ctindonr and liberality, 

I remain, the Public's most devoted Servant, 

JOHN LATHAM. 



fViyCHESTF.R, SejjUmhtT. J 82 1. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



t«4 



HIS MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE KIN(;. 
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE LEOPOLD 



iS* 



At'itrliy, Artliiir, Ksq. Southampton. 
Atlierley, Mrs*. Citorge, Southumptoii. 
Auber, Mr. India Houi<t*, London. 

IJhIu'I', Edward, Esq. Park-atrept, Orosvenor-»quar'', London. 

Bale, Reverend Huckville, Wytbiani, Sussex. 

B.irgus, Mrs. Otterl)o\irne. 

Huring, Sir Thomas, Bart. M. P. Stratton Park.— Tiro Copies. 

Baring, Alexander, Esq. M. P. Grange. 

FJuring, Francis, Esq. 

liaring, flenry, Esq. M. P. Somerley House, Hants. 

Barlow, Henry, Esq, Millbrook, Hunts. 

Baron, William, Esq. Tregeun.-, Launceston, Cornwall. 

Bedford, His (;ra<-e the Duke of, Woburn Abbey. 

Bern,*, H. Esq. 13, Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, London. 



\VI 



LIST OF SUBSCRinERS. 



Bij'licnn, J. I'"hnnr?»'', P'sq. Grpt'iiliam, nt-ur Newhury. 

15l:iii<l, MirliiH'l, I'.M|. :H), Montii<;nt'-|>liirt', Uussfll-siiiiave, London. 

Bultoii, 'I'liiMiit', Ksq. Laiulfonl, Wilts. 

liond, J(iM'|iii, Exi\. 70, Biisiii>{l)till-:itreet, London. 

Bonn, L'iii\HT>ity I.ihriiry o)', (icrniany. 

HourchitT, Cliailt's, Esq. GC), A\'iin|>olt'-stret't, London. 

Bourne, Hi^lil llonoiinililf Willlani Siurgcs, .^L I*. 'I'estwood, Hants. 

15rid^:fs, HcNcri-nd T. C C. C". Oxford. 

Britflit, IJiciiard, Esq. (^rawley House, Hants. 

But'kiii^li;ini, Most Noble the Mareliionnss of, Avinfftoii. 

Byron, Mrs. '1'2, Nottinj;hain-|)laL'e, Mary-le-boinie, London. 

Caldecott, Tlionms, Es(]. Hartford, Kent. 

Carlisle, the |{i;,'ht Honouralile the Earl of, K. G. Castle-Howard. 

Casliel, His (irace the Lud Archhishoi) of. 

Clianneey, Mi>s, Tinoiialds, Herts. 

Cleevo, Hi» I'll lid Doetor, (pton I'yne, near Exeter. 

Codrin^Mon, Sir C. Betliell, Bart. Uodingtoii, Ciloueestersliirf. 

Cole, Mis. V. inrhestrr. 

CoUyns, William, I'^sq. Kenton, near Dawiish, Devon. 

Coini)ton, Henry <'(inih<', E.'(|. Alaiior House, Minstead, Hant^. 

Coniyns, William, Es(i. Dawli.ih, Devon. 

Coxe, Beverend (ieori;e, Twyfonl, Hants. 

Craven, Ri^ht Honourable tlie Earl of, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, 

Craven, Kulwar, Esq. Chilton House, Wilts. 

Cullum, Sir Thomas (Jiary, Bail. IJury, SuH'olk. 

Ciirtois, Rt.'iereiid K. (i. C.C.(.\ Oxford. 

Darnley, llii;lit Honourable tin I'.i.il of, Cobham Hall, Kent. 

Duvy, D. E-.q. ^oxford, Sufiolk. 

Dent, .John, l''s(|. M.I'. HeiliiMil-slieet, Mayfair, London. 

Duiuan, P. B. Km\. Neu Collciic, Oxford. 

Dii Font, Countess, Milll)rook, Hants, — Two Copit's. 

Durnford, Reverend Riehard, ' 'iiilLolton, Hants. 

Eardley, Riirht Honourable Lor^l, ]>i Ividere, Kent. 
East India Company, the Libi:.ry of, I>onilon. 
Ejjertou, Franeis Thomas, I'sq. Roche Court, \\ ilts. 
Eyre, Geor;<e, Esq. Warren-, liniiii -liaw, Hants, 
Eyre, Henry, E.-q. Botleiy! (■,aii','e, Hants. 

Fisher. Mrs. Ealins? IV.rk, Middlesex, 

Fleming, .lohn, Esq. MP Stoneham Park, Ilanti. 

Freeling, Fraueis, Esq. Br\anstone-.square, Loudon. 






si 



i-isr OF sunscRimiRis. 

C.iA.tW, ritxPii-nd Ifiiiry DvM.ii, I). D. Wiiirlicstcr. 

C^Hriiiti, |{. v.iind Willimii, Prfliniilan- of Wiiicli. -t.r. 

filmier, Kfverriid Tln>iim-i, Kt-rtor i>f I}islio(i'» Stuke, Ff:ui»«. 

(■(■<•, Osoooil, Ki.(|. l.ouiT Sniii»ur->tiii't, I'ortmaii-'.tjuarr, I..>«.,',,i,. 

<inploii, Kolicrt Homo, I'lsfi. t'oii.luit-strcet, I.inuloii '/V. < .../m, 

f iivi!.>waltli', tiic lJiiivtr>ity of, <K-nnauy. 

Hacki'tt, — , M. 1). Soutluiinptoii. 

Halts, .Mi^s, WiiidifstiT. 

Harinan, Thomas, Ksi). \\ omijwell Hall, Kent. 

Harrison, U. Esi|. Dublin, 

H.-athiote, SirThoinus Frt-einan, Bart. Hursley Park, ffur.t?. 

HeatlMote, Mrs. William, Winchester. 

Her.:toril, KiH;ht H.verfnd the Lord Uinhop of, Wmehetter. 

H-\>liani, .lolm, M. D. Carlisle. 

Holland, Lady, <"ranlniry, Hants: 

Holmes, Sir Leonard Thomas VVorsloy, Bart. M. P. I>le of \\ -i.t. 

H.une, Sir Everard, Bart. Saekvil!e-»treet, Piccadilly. 

Fl.lliard, (Jeorge, Es<|. Belmont Castle, Grays, Essex. 

Howdl, Reverend F. Canon of Exeter. 

Hou-ham, William, Esq. Barton Court, Salisbury. 

H>7, Michael, Emj. Isle of Wjght. 

Jltilse, Sir Charles, Bart. Breaniore, Hants. 

Jacob and Johnson, Winchester.— 5ir Copies. 

Jardine, W.M. Esq, Edinburgh. 

Jikyll, Joseph, Esq. Spring Gardens, London. 

Jervoise, George Purefoy, Esq. M. P. Herriard House, Hant^ 

Ingles, the Rever.nd Charles, D. D. Easton, Hants. 

liiglis. Sir Robert, Bart. 

Iremonger, Reverend Lascelle», Prebendary of Wmchener. 

KiUaloe, the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of 
Knight, Edward, Jun. Esq. Chawtoii House, Hants, 

Labouchere, Mrs. 16, Upper Brook-street, London. 

Lampard, James, Esq. Winchester. 

Latham, John, M. D. Harley-street, London. 

Le Blanc, Thomas, Esq. 03, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. 

Lee, Reverend Harry, Fellow of Winchester College. 

Legge, Honourable Augustus George, Chancellor of' Winchester 

Leigh, James Henry, Esq. M. P. Stoneleigh Abbey, Warwick. 



XVII 



will LIST OF SUBSCRIBEKS. 

LetlihridffP, Sir Tlionuo Uik klir, IJarf. M. I'. Smulliill I'ark, Somenft. 

f^itHflialis, Clmrk-s, M.I). \\ iiu licstJT. 

London, tlir l?i;;lit IIiiiiiiui'uMl* sniil Revfri'nd the Lord Di!ilio{> uf 

IML'ar>, 1{('\ I'll 11(1 Tli<iniU!i, Sontliiinipton. 

Meyrifk, Mi^s, IScniiniaris, .Angk'sua. 

Miildloton, Edward, i\L D. Soutlminpton. 

IMildinay, Lady, Wincht'Ster. 

Milduiay, Paulit St. John, Lsi|. iVL P. Dojjfmcrslkld Park, Hunt*. 

Mill, Sir Clunks, Kart. Mottist'ont, Hants. 

Milk-r, l{iv. T. 0.\ford. 

Mitclirll, Charles, Esq. Nortlicrwood, Hunts. 

IVlorris, Chark-s, Estj. Southampton. 

Mnniford, .Tohii, Esi|. Snttoii-at-Hone, Kent. 

Neville, Honountbk' and Reverend George, Master of Mau'ihden Colk 

Cambridge. 
Newton, Jiiints Antrohus, Es(j. Cheadle Ileatht near Stookport, Che»liire, 
IVil)l)s, .lames, 1^>(|. L'pton House, Hants. 
TS'orris, Ilii haul, Esij. I'asing Park, Hants. 

Of,'le, Ailiniiiil Sir Charles, Bart. Worthy, Hants. 
Ovlbrd, the Right Reverend tiie Lord Uisiiop of 

Va<^c, Colonel, Speen, Berks. 

Palmerston, Right Honourable Viscount, M. P. Broadlands, Hantk. 

Parkinson, .John, Esq. 04, Lincoln'.s Lni Siptare, London. 

Pendar\is, Edward, Esq. Truro. 

I'ennant, David, Es(). Downing, Flintshire. 

Pigott, Reverend William Foster, D. D. Mereworth, Kent. 

Portal, John, Esq. Freefolk House, Hants. 

Poulter, Reverend Edmund, I'rebendary of Winchester. 

Prescott, Sir G. B. Bart. Theobald's Park, Herts. 

Quin, Honourable R. Chilworth Lodge, Southampton. 

Rashleigh, Reverend Peter, Southfleet, Kent. 

Ratclifte Library, Oxford. 

Rich, Reverend Sir Charles, Bart. Shirley House, Southampton. 

Richards, Reverend Charles, Winchester. 

Rickfctts, George Robert, Esq. Twyford, Hants: 

Rivers, Dowiiurr Lady, Winchester. 

Rowley, R( \ . <j. University College, Oxford. 



i,i.*T OF sunscninRR. 



XIX 



i 



S:il>iiu', .In^ppli, Esq. E<lwuril-btr»«f , Cnveiidi-li-s(ninr«', Loinloii. 

Seymour, Mr<. ('iiiltim. 

SliHw, Jolin, Esi|. (iiiwiT-strcft, ncdronl-sciilarr*, l.iiiitloii, 

Sloanc, lluiis, Esij. I'liiiltons, l|iiiit>. 

Srnitli, Sir Juiiu-s Eilwiiril, .M. I). I'rtM.leiit of tin- Liiuia-iiii S... |. t\ . 

Smith, C.S. Es.|. C.C.C. Oxford. 

Sotluliy, Siiminl, Esi|. Wntirloo-strcot, Strand, I.oinli.ii.— 7',i„ C, 

Sparrow, Miss, Briin|>ti)ii I'ark, Hunts. 

Spenc-er, Riijilt Honouralile the Earl of, Spencer House, St. Jiim. -^ 

Spri;;(f, Mrs. Winchester. 

Stiuully, 11. P. Ks(|. (5, Kind's Bench Walks, Temple, l...ii.!.,:i. 

Stanley, Right Honnurahle Lord, M.I*, (pper <irosveniir-»f reet, L 

Stocklidlm, Royal Academy of Sciences of 

Sur;,'eons, Royal ('olle;;e of, London. 

Swanton, Reverend Francii. Wi.kani, Worthy, HantK. 

Tate, fJporKe, Esq. 

Thornhiii, Thomas, Esq. 49, Rerkeley-s<|uare, Lon<lon. 

Trcveiyan, W. C. Esij. Tniversity Collejre, Oxford. 

\iiut,'iian, Reverend Kerr, Aveton Ciffiir.I, Modl.ury, ncvori. 

Wainwriffht, Arnold, Esq. Colcot, Realintj. 
Wiiinwrifjiit, Robert, Es.j. Cray's Inn Square, London. 
Ward, George Henry, Esq. Shawford, Hunt,. 
Watkins, Reverend Thoni.is, Win< hcsti r. 
Wells, Miss, Piercefield, Moninonth.lure. 
A\liite, Walton, Esq. Isle of Wii,rht. 
Mliitehcad, Reverend E. C.C.C Oxford. 

ni.itmore, M'illiam, Esq. M. P. Apley Park, Rridjjnorth, Su!o,.. 
Wlnf taker. Reverend Georj^e, Northfleet, Kent. 
Wiekham, William Nicholas, Esq. Winchester. 
Williams, Reverend Charles, Fellow of Winchester ('„||,.i.,.. 
M illiams. Reverend David, Winchester. 

^^■illiams, Geor-e, M.D. Re-ius Professor of Rot.un , ()xf..rd. 
Wilson, Thomas, Esq. Maidenhead, Berks. 
Winchester, the College Lihrary of 
^^■inchester, Very Reverend the Dean of 
Winchester, the Dean and Chapter of 
Witmin^'ton, Sir Thomas E. Bart. :\I. P. Wonotei. 
Winter, John, Esq. HeathHeld Lo.l-,., Acton, Mi.ldlesex. 
A\"ood, A\illiani, Es(i. Strand, London.— '/'rto Copus. 
^Aoodburn, Reverend John, Winchester. 

c2 



Nurwic'i. 



riac. 



■3 

i 



XX LIST OF srnsrninRUs. 

U'codfull, («t*t»rj(o, F..'i|. 

W'c.oll. H.'U'ivii.l Join,, I). 1). I{iit.|,y, W'urunk, 

\\ iiii'i-^ti-r, \'ii\ licvi'n-iid tlie Di'uii uf 

\\ oollcrvi !Mi>is 

\\'vii(lliiiin, |{t'\i'ri'ii(l J. lit'iitliciito. 

Voii<;o, IVIi^s Jniit>, ^ Ciilinptnii, Dt-voii. 
Voii){c, Roverend .IdIui, I*ii»liiir|i, Deron. 



BIRDS. 



A UIRD niaj be divided into:— 1. Tlu HEAD. 2. NECK. 3. BODV 

5. TAIL. 0. LEGS. 



4. WINGS. 



1. The HEAD (Caput) is for the most part oval in shape, and consists of the follou.n- 
I'arts :— 

Tne Bii.1. [llosinnn), of an homy texture, pierced «ith tlie nostrils, and eontaininir the 
tongue, is jonud to the fore part of the hea.l. The shape varv.n- in .l.Herent snhjeets. a. 
strai-ht, hent downwards or upwards, and is either round, eon.pressed, flattene.l , o.ne 
p..inte<l, .yhndri.-, an-uh.ted, eultrate.i. or liooke.l. Divided into two inandil.les, which arJ 
u-nerally naked, and smooth on the ed-fs ; i„ some emar-inated near the tip, in'a few ser- 
rated, not unfre.p,ently covered with u naked .kin or cere, and in many furnished with br.stles 
ut the gape. 

Nosrnii.s (A«rc.«) are in tlie upper niandil.le, for the most part pla.ed at, or near the 
l.ase: hut in some few (as Toucan, and Hornhiij) hdniui ti,e base. The shape various; as 
o\al, oblonir, linear, arched at the top, tul)iilar, &c. 

Cebk (tVr«),atlnck membranous skin, dirterently coloured, coverin- the upper mandibh- 
above at the biise, chiefly in the Faj.on Genus, and in this the n<.strils are pla.ed. 

TONOLE [Lin-ua), either fleshy, cartilaj,MUous, emarginated, having a sn.a'li not.h „e„ 
the t.p, lacerated, or jagged, with the edges feathered, as in the Toucan; eiliate.l or furnished 
with bristles, entire and smooth, and often slmrp-i>ointed. 

The Face {('upisfnnn] is a certain space, all round, nest the base of the bill reaehiii-. 
as far as the eyes. ' •'' 

The upper surface of the Head is divided into the Forehead [Frons) ; Crown [fW,,-,] ■ 
IJindhead {Occipul}. ' ' ' 

Th,. Crest (Crista), for the nu.st part, arises from the feathers bein? more or less elon- 
gated ; and IS either frontal, vertical, or occipital, so named from the place of its orimn • is 
erect or bending backwar.is or forwards. In shape compressed, or fascculate.l ; in str;ct;ire 
tutted, tolded, and .onsisting of two series of alternate feathers: 

The Eyes ((),.</,), one o„ each side, have the eyelids moveable, an.l are fre<,nentlv ciliated 
-n the edges; besides which ,s a semi-transparent skin, or ni.-t.tating membrine, capable of 
being drawn immediately over the eye. to defend it from too much light; mo.t conspicuous 
111 ttie Uwi fjenus. ' 



XXIl 



niRDrl. 



F.VEBBOW {Sliipfrriliinu'', for tlir iimsJ |iiirt ><> (ullcil, «h«'n a line or streak of a dlti'i rent 
••oloiir piisiK's iivci- tlif v\<\ tint not a ili->tiiirt |iro|«-rtiiiii, ns in tlu- huiiiaii Hju'cie* ; tonictiino 
tliix liiieiir stri'uk 14 liure null i-iirnnculalcd, at in the (irons. 

Cari NCl.l'.i {('iinniriiltr] an- hakcil, Mift, Holiy parts, cither sin<i<itli, or irre;;ular in 
•nrfiiee, clnetly on the heuil or iieek, us inKtaneeil in the forehratl of the Jaeana uml Tnrkey ; 
on the ei'ou'n in the Coek ; nt the iiii|m- ill the (irakle; over the eyes in the (iruu« ; unii on the 
iliroat in the Tnrkey mid C'a«»o»ary. 

LoRK {Liinmi) a nakiil >kin iM-tween the hill niid eye. 

Ordits (l)iliitti) the parts iininediately !tnrronn<lin^ the eyes, 

CliF.KKX ((iviiir) H|mce iK-nenth the eyes, hetweeii them nnd the throat, 

Tk.XIM.Ks [Tcmpdni) spaee l»et«i en the eve-t and ear^. 

I'. \Hs (Jiirrs) holes at the Imek part cd' the head on each side, ^enrraliy uncov«rt«l, 
rxerpt in Owls, which have a i-onspHiinn* Hap, eupahle of heinj^ elevated at will. 

Hf.mu) [liarlxi] liy this is ineuiit th.- whisker seen on eaih side of tin lower jiiw,aii<l for the 
most part distinct and inoveahle, .is in the .Moniot, and liearded Titinonse— formed of lirisi' •, 
)is ohservi'd at the ed;.^esof the base of tlieinandihies of the Goatsucker, u[>peuiin^ pectiiuittd ; 
on tiie hreust, as in the Turkey-Cock. 

'2. NECK [Collum) is donated, more or less erect, eylindric, and divided into tlu— 
Nape (A'«e/ia) ineaniii}; the back part next to the head. 

Mind-part of the Ni;tK {Cerrix) the rest of the space behind, between the nnpe and 
bei:inniii;{ of the back. 

Chin {Gain) the part beneath and ailjoiniin; to the under mandible. 
• Thro it {Juj^nluin] space bttwet-n the chin aixl breast. 

.1. BODY {C'orpu.i) tins i» oval in shape, and consists of the follow iii<r parts : — 

Back (Dorsum) the upper part between the neck behind and rniiip. 

Hlmp {('ropi/giiim) the lower part 'f the back next to the tail, furnished with a «toiible 
!<land, secreting an oily tluiil for the \ist; of dressin;^ the feathers. 

Imtersc APUI.AR {Iiilerseapulium) the anterior part of the back, between the wiii^s. 

Sll()L'I.l>Kns [Jliimrri] the parts on ea<-li side of the last, falliii)^ over the wintj;s. 

Brkast [Pectin) the spare eoverini; the brtast bone. 

Axil.l.ARlF.s {AtiHiP) the feathers on the sides of the breast at the base of the wings, most 
roiispi< nous in the Binl of I'aradise. 

H\ POCllONDRKS [Hi/par/iitnJrifr) the posterior parts of the sides of tlie ijreast and liel!\ . 

Bki, LY [Ahilomen] the part between the breast and vent, generally covered with soft iunl 
downy feather?. 

Vent (Crissum) between the thi)^hs and tail beneath, correspoiidiii;^ with the iiinip 

above. 

4. Vv'IXC'iS fAht;) si'rvintj for fli<;ht, exeept in the Dodo, Osliidi, Cireat Awk, jind 
I'l'ii'Miin : in tlie two former, however, the speeil in rniiniiij; on tlie ground is accelerated, 
aii<l tlie two latter tind their short finny appenilases of iniieli use in swiiiimiiig. 



■,«'•" 



I 



niKDs. 



XXIII 



M'iNO CrtVCRTH fTiClriers I l«M<r nr ifniitir. 'I'lii tir>t ;irt thine mIuiIi In- on thf bom* 
i>r tlif wiiij;^ ; till };niilir Ijtiirutli llu' ntliiT-, railing <mi i- tlic ijiiillit. 

(^lli.i.H f lifiiiitjcij iiiiiy Ih' (liviiliil into tlinr wrir. ; the first or |inii«i|ml fitriiiiuris,' ; 
tli.'Mi i.iiiliinis (>rrM»r//(r/>) ; unil ti-rtiiil-. [tirtiulri] ; the lust, iii W'uttr Fowl, urt'miurully 
liilii;t'r tliaii tlir siTniidurifH, uiiii cuiicitorM. 

lUsTAii!* W isu {.lliilii s/iiiria) sitimtrd oul"arilly, iit tin- Ijiist- of the f,'reut«T »|uilU. 
uiul ^cmiiilly riiiisists ol' I'liiir or I'm' Miiiili I'latlKTs, iii sliapt- like a small wiiiu, wlu-mc tlit 
lliiiiii'. 

Sc APi!|,Aiis [Scapula I fs) tliinctHkc rmv (rom the lar^e wiiif; bone, uiiil full over the husc 
<i the Hii|i;s on i-arli sidf al)ovc, In-twciu tlir boily and wiiitf »hi ii folded up. 

\\ iNfi Spot, or Si-iaii.i m, mi (alltd, is a l.ri'jht part of the «iii;,', sonietinus brauti- 
l:dly loloured, uiul very v;li>ssj, appearing,' ^iiiendly a» a putcii on the yreuter wiin,' loverts, 
«htil foUlKJ up, iliiidy roii^pi. iiolis lu tlie Duck (iemi-. 



&. TAIL {Cauda), tiiis ik (oiiiposid of loii|; feutiiers, more or lis* stitt", differing; m 
iiiiiii)>er, and taking; lise from the rump, 

Taii, l-KArilKUS {Rfcl lilts) are for the most part twtlvi', and are '^'eiu nillv deserilii d 
Ihiis (1 •_> ;j I .') Ii (i .-) 4 y o I), miaiiiii'j, that I I are the t«o miter, and (i (i the two uiiddli 
f.athers. Some liinls, Imuivir, have as far as ISor'JI), as in the (iidlinueeonx and Dm k 
Tribe, and sivnal of tin I'iis no inoiv than ten. The tail varies niuiji in shape and len^^th ; 
It may lie eailed sho.t, uhen shorter tliaii the le-s ; and Ion-, when it reaches beyond them ; 
iMii, wiunthe feathers are id' e.|nal leu^■th.^ ; funeiforn;, viiien they beeome shorter as they 
are more outward; and foikid, whin the side frather- -row gradually loii-er than the two 
iiiidille ones. 

Tail CovKHTs {Tnlrices Cauihe) .over the bus., of the tail above and beneath, fullin- 
orer and eoneialiiiii the insertion of tlie tad featliers. 

(». LECiS [Crura]. These eonsist <d' the tlii-hs, shins, toes, and elaws. 

Tmoiis [rcmora] are Heshy, eoMred with feathers for the most part, but in the \V.,d. is 
and some others, an' bare for some part of their im-th ; thi-r are -eneralK situated in thi- 
middUs to support tlie eiiuilibriuni of the body, and appear outwardly, exeept in the Awk, 
Jirebe, Diver, and IV.i-um, in win. li thetliljihs do not appear externally, and the le-s, of 
eourse, are detained bai kwarils. Heme the bird may be .alliMl fettered, and from this "eaus,- 
experienees-reat diHi.nlty in walkm-, and that only in an ui.rij.dit posture, or nearly -o. 

Hracelets (Armilhv), are coloured circles, at the lower part of thethi-hs, just abov. ilit 
joint, as ill the Coot; in some double or treble. 

SlliNS [Crura], are slender, narrow, and tendinous ; in some downv, or covered witli short 
feathers ; in others furiiislie<l with a spur at the back part ; cliietly in the male*. 

'1 OES (Digiti). These vary in number ami <lisposition. 

* I'our in AuiiiUr, but tliffrrentli/ placed. 

1. Made for Walkin*. [Amhulatoru], having three toe. forward, di.umted or separated 
to thf bane, and one behind. 



1i 

II 



XXIV 



BIIIDS 



•J. Salient [Crrssorii], In tlicsi' >nmctimts all, Imt for the most part two, of the fun; 
toi's iire joined at tlii' Itase, the hind one free. 

;i. Ci.imhim; (Scnnsorii). Here tlic toes are phie. i' two forwartls and two backwards — 

111 this inay Ije noticed s e few, in wlneli only one i> -een liaekwards ; that is, tiiree in all, 

liut sueli are to lie ae<'iiiinted as anomalies. 

4. PllF.HKNsiLt: {l'rr/ii:n.ii/c.<!). IJirds of this kind have four toes, hut all placed forwards, 
as in one species of" the C'oly, Swift, &<•. 

•* Tiiin \( TYi.K (7V<V/«(7////). These are CrnsoKY {('iirsoi-ii), haviii".^ only three toes, 
ail placed forwards, instanced in the Bustard, Cassowary, Rhea, Plover, Courser, Oister- 
i'atcher, Alhatross, Awk, (Juillemot. 

*** DiDACTYi.K [Dldactyli) ; of this, haviiifr only two toes, we have a single insti-.ncp 
III the Ostrich, and hoth the toes )ihiri(| forwards. 
The FOOT (Pfs) is said to !..• 

I' A T.MATH) (Siitiiliiriua) wIk-ii the toes are connected with anieinhraiie, asiit the Duck peMU*. 
Skmipai, MATED (SfmiiJu/mal iix) wlien the nicinhraiie coimectin;^- the toes tioes not reach 
h.-df way from the hase. 

LoBATKli [Lnhatns]. In this the toes are furnished with a membrane, on the side of 
<ai '\ hut divide<l to the bottom. 

PiNXATKD [P'lnnutus] when each joint is separately lobated, and having a distinct lobe 
or membrane. 

The Claws [Vn^urs] are jrenerally more or less sharp at the ends, though in some 
blunt or rounded, in the manner of human nails, [n a few margined and edged, and some- 
tiiiies serrated. The claws in some species are observctl to be wjiolly wanting, especially tlie 
hinder one. 

Spines or Spurs {('alcariu) for defence, are chielly found at the back part of the sliiiis, 
^» in the Peacock, Pheasant, Grous, and Partridge; besides which we see such, both shar|) 
and blunt, at the bend of tin; wing; witnessed in the Ostrich, Screamer, various Plovi r.<, 
J.icana, and several species of Ducks. 

Horns [i'ornua) are seen on the head, single as in the Screamer, or double in the Horned 
Turkey. 

Wattles [L'arunrulre] fleshy membranes, <'hiefly hanging from the lower jaw, instance<l 
in the Cock, ^\'attle-l)ird, some spei'ies of Starlings, antl others. 

PoL'CH {Saccuf jiigularis) a dilatable menibrane under the throat, as m the IbU and 
Pelican. 



ORDERS OF BIRDS. 



CHARACTERS OF THE ORDERS 

DIVISION I. LAND BIRDS. 



a<^g--» 



ORDER T. RAPACIOUS. 

BILL lucurvated, tlic upper mandible hooked, witli an indentation near the up. .Noi- 
'liU t(ir thi; most part open. 

ri;KT inude for pereliinj,', short, strong. 

lioDY, Head, and Nf.ck nuiscular. Skin thick. Flesh impure. 

Pood obtained by rapine, or preying on carrion. 

N K^T l>uilt on trees, or elevated places.-Eggs generally four in nnn.ber.-FeniaU- h.r.^e-. 
Mi'iio'j'anious. = 



ORDER II. PIES. 

IJILL ^harp-edged, upper mandible convex. 
ftUT 1 lade fur walking, short, strong. 
Body somewhat tenacions. Fit 
Food varion^. 

Nr.sT OH trees; the male feeds the female while sitting—Mono 



lesn nnpure. 



ganious; 



XXVI 



BIRDS. 



ORDER Iir. PASSERINE. 



1>ILT^ <"oiiic-ncmniiiafe(l. 
I'kkt salient, slender, cloven. 

lioDY tender.~lu tl.ose wl.iel, are grauivorous t!>e flesh ,s ,,„re-in otliers, fee.lin- ou 
insects, impure. '" 

Food ohtaiiied from trees, as seeds, or insects. 

N EST curiously constructed.-The food put into the mouth of tho voung l.v the parents. 
IMonogamous.—Many of these are songsters. 



ORDER IV. COLUMBINE 

lilF.L rather strait, swelliuf,' at the base. 
Fket formed for walking, short. Nails simple. 
Body plump. Flesh savoury. 
Food grass, fruits, and seeds, swallowed whole. 
Nest ill constructed, placed in trees, hollows of rocks. See, 

Eggs two in number. The mother feeds the young with grain, made soft in the crop, 
and ejected into their mouths. — Jlonogamous* 



ORDER V. GALLINACEOUS. 

IHLL convex, the upper mandible arched over the lower, having a convex cartila-inou., 
membrane over tiie nostrils. 

Feet made for walking. Toes rotigh beneath. 

]5oDY plump and muscular. Flesh savoury. 

Food, grain of all kinds, collected from the ground, and macerated in the crop. 

Nest made on tlie bare ground, without art. Eggs numerous. The young, as soon as 
lialchcd, take of themselves the ibod pointed out to them by the parents.— Polygamous. 



ORDER VI. 8TRUTHI0US. 

I>ILL suljronic, strait, tij) various. 

1)0UY shapeless, ponderous, scarcely edible. 

M'iNGS small, useless for flight, or none visible. 

F'eet made for running-, strong. Toes various in number; 

Food grain and vjgetabii -. 

Nest on the ground.— Monogamous, 



:1 



■■:X^- r^'-.- 



BIRDS. 



XXVU 



DIVISION II. WATER BIRDS. 



ou 



Its. 



ORDER VII. WITH CLOVEN FEET. 

BILL sub-cyiiiidric. 

Feet cloven. Thighs half nuked. 

IJoDY compressed. Skin very tender. Tiiil short. Flesli savoury. 

Food, in marshy places, fish, marine insects, inollusca?. 

Nest chiefly on lemd, sometimes on trees. Mode of pairing various. 



^1'. 



ORDER VIII. WITH PINNATED FEET. 

BILL, Body, and Food, as in the former. 
Feet made for wadint^, naked, more or less, above the knees. 
Toes cloven, hut piimated, or wehhed, the whole of their lenj^th. 

Nest hirj^e, of leaves, tfrass, or water plants, in moist grounds, and often close to tlie 
« iiter.— Monoy-amous. 



ORDER IX. WEB-FOOTED. 

* fVith Long Legs. 
BILL various. 

Body rather depressed, conic. Tlie flesh of the young savoury. 
Legs very lonir, made for wadln-. Thighs naked the greater part of the length. 
Toes furnished lialf way with a nienihrane. 
I'ooD ol)taine<l from the water, as small fish and insects. 
Nest placed on the ground. — Monogamous. 

* * fVit/t Short Legs. 

liILL smooth, covered witli a skin, enlarged at the base. 

Feet made for swimming. Siuns short, compressed. The toes united by a membrane. 
I'ODY fat. J,km tenacous, covere.l with excellent feathers. Flesh, for the n.ost ..Ht 
saioury, ' ' 

Food water plants, fish, and reptiles. 

Nest clu.fly on the ground, sel.lon. on tree.. The mother rar-lv brood* the voung- 
lor the most part Polygamous. " " ^ 

d 2 



J^9P 



n 



!.> 



GENERA OF BIRD8. 



CHARACTERS OF THE GEJVERA. 



DIVISION I. LAND BIRDS. 



ORDER I. ACCIPITRINE. 



1. VlLTiRE 

1, Secretary - 

3. Falron - - 

4, Owl - ' - 



Bill hooked, liead bare. 

Bill hooked, sides of the head bare, legs verj- lori' 

Bill hooked, base covered with a cere. 

Bill hooked, feathers of the front reversed. 



ORDER II. PIES. 



5. Shrik-e - - • 
] 1 . Beif-eater - - 
V6. Plantain-eater • 
14. IVattte-Bird • 
1.1. Crow - - . 
IG. 7?o//cr - - - 

17. Oriole - - ■ 

18. Grakle - - - 

19. Paradise Bird • 
30. Nuthatch - - 



* With Legs made for Walking. 

Bill straitish, emargiiiated. 

Bill Btrait, (iuadran)j;ular. 

Bill stout, elevated at the base, mandibles deutated. 

Bill incurvated, sharp-edged. 

Bill cultrated, feathers of the front reversed. 

Bill cultrated, bent at the tip. 

Bill strait, conic, sharp-pointed. 

Bill cultrated, even, mostly bare at tlie base. 

Bill sub-cultrated, feathers of the front vtlvtty. 

Bill strait, cuueated at the tip. 



BIRDS. 



XXIX 



32. Iluopof - - . 

34. Honey- cuter 

35. Creejier - - - 
30, Humming-Bird 



Bill long, slender, bendinp. 

Bill sub-triangular, bent at the tip; tongue ciliuted. 

Bill incurvated, pointed. 

Bill intiuvateil, liliform, tip blunt. 



(i. 


Parrot - 


. 


- 


Bill 


1 • 


Toucan - 


. 


• 


Bill 


y. 


Channel-Bill 


. 


Bill 


i>. 


Ant - • 


. 


. 


Bill 


■20. 


Curucui- 


- 


. 


Bill 


•21. 


Burbct - 


. 


. 


Bill 


22. 


Barbicim 


. 


- 


Bill 


23. 


Voucul - 


- 


. 


Bill 


24. 


Malkoha- 


. 


. 


Bill 


25. 


Cwkoic - 


. 


. 


Bill 


20. 


]Vryncck 


- 


• 


Bill 


27. 


Woo(J}icckcr 


- 


Bill 


28. 


Jucumur 


. 


. 


Bill 



S. Motmot - - 
10. Hornbill - 
21), Kingsfisher - 
31. Tody - . 
33. Bee-eater - 



* • With Climbing Feet. 

with a cere at the base ; ton^rue fleshv. 

serrated ; tongue feathered on tiie side*. 

eultrated, nostrils oval, rugose. 

rugose, margin ang\ilar. 

serrated, bent at the tip. 

sniootli, emarginated, hooked. 

bent, with one or more notcii at tiie iipp, r iii;indililf. 

strong, nostrils elongate; interior hind < law strait. 

strong, nostrils linear, inarj,MnaI ; cheeks bare, granulated 

suiooti), nostrils emarginated, or rimmed. 

sinootii, tongue worm-shaped, missile. 

angular, tongue worm-sliaped, missile. 

quadrangular, very sharp-pointed. 



«« » 



Feet made for Leaping. 



Bill bent, denticulated; tongue feathery. 

Bill serrated, front bony. 

Bill triangular, strait. 

l>ill linear, depressed, strait. 

Bill bent, somewhat compressed. 



41. Grosbeak - - 

42. Bunting- - . 

44. Finch - . - 

45. Plant-cutter - 



ORDER III. PASSERINE. 

* With Thick Bills. 

Bill conic, ovated. 

Bill sub-conic, the lower mandible br.nd.-r, ..oaietate. 

Bill conic, sharp. 

Bill conic, strait, serrated. 



* * With Curved Bills, the Upper Mandihi- bent at the Tip. 

40. Coly - - - . Bill conic, attenuated, convex above. 

50. Manakin . . Bill incurvated, subulate.!. 

b2. Steallow- - . Bill incurvated, depressed. 

53. Goatsucker , - Bill incurvated, depressed, ciliated. 



XXX 



BIRDS. 



*♦ * 



JJ'it/i Bills having the Upper Mandible emarginatcd near the Tip, 



88. Thrush - - - 

yy. Chatterer - - 

'W. Tanager- - - 

4(). J'lycatchcr - - 



Hill einai!,'iniiti'<l, suliuliitf, com pressed at tlie base. 
Hill ciimij;iiiatt/(l, subulate, ilciiri's.sfd at the base. 
IJill emars^inated, subulate, somewhat couic at the base. 
Bill ejiiaif,niiated, subulate, iiaiiy at the base. 



»* « ♦ 



;J7. Starling'- 
47. Lark- - 
■IH. Wngtuil- 
49. Warmer. 
<')1. Titmouse 



Simple-billed.— Bill strait, integral, attenuated. 

Bill siiljulated, depressed at the tip, and mari^itied. 

Bill >ubulated; tongue bilid ; hind elaw elongated. 

Bill subulated; hind claw moderate; tail long. 

Bill snbulated; hind elaw moderate; tail shorter. 

Bdl oubulated; tongue truncated; feathers of the front reversed. 



ORDER IV. COLUMBINE. 



•>4. Pigeon 



Bill sharpish on the edge, nostrils gibbous, covered «itli an obso- 
lete membrane. 



ORDER V. GALLINACEOUS. 



")5. Peacock- - 
rA\. Turkey - 
•yT; Guun 
f)8. Pintado - 
.')!), Car as sow 
()(>. Mt'nura - 
(il. Pheasant 
02. Tinumou 
()3. Groiis 
(14. Partridge 
(>5. Trumpeter 



CC. Bustard- 



* With Four Toes. 

Bill naked; feathers of the crown revolute. 

Bill naked; face covered with earuiieles. 

Bill l)nre at the base; head feathered. 

Bill furnished with a double wattle at the base. 

Bill with a cere covering the base. 

Bill conieo-convex, nostrils in the middle. 

Bill smooth; cheeks naked, smooth. 

Bill longish, blunt at the tip, nostrils in the middle. 

Bill conic, bent; a naked space above the eyes. 

Bill conic, a little bent; space round the eyes covered. 

Bill sub-fornicated, nostrils oval, pervious. 

** With Three Toes. 

Bin sub-fornicated; tongue eniarginated ; feet with tliree toej, all 
placed forwards. 



•1 



BIRDS. 



XXXI 



07. Dodo 



ORDER VI. STRUTIIIOUS, 

* inih Four Toes. 

Hill !i little compressed oii the sides, bent .it tlie tip; face some- 
><-liut Maked. 



♦ * With Three Toes, placed forwards. 

Gf^. r.mfit - . - Bill strait, sub-conic: a knob instead of aback toe. 
<>!>. Cassowuri/ - - Bill strait, sub-conic. 



70. Ostrich 



♦ * * With Tivo Toes, placed fortvards. 
Bill strait, depressed, obtuse. 



DIVISION II. WATER BIRDS. 



71. 


Spoon- Hill 


- 


- 


Bill 


7-2. 


SmuiiiK r 


. 


. 


Bill 


73. 


Juhirti m 


. 


. 


Bill 


74. 


Bout.Bill 


- 


- 


Bill 


7o. 


L'mhre - 


, 


^ 


Bill 


7(!. 


Heron - 


- 


_ 


Bill 


77. 


Erodif - 


- 


- 


Bill 


;? 


This - - 


- 


. 


Bill 


79. 


Cur/eio - 


. 


.. 


Bill 


80. 


Snipe 


• 


. 


Bill 


81. 


Sandpiper 


- 


- 


Bill 


8.5. 


Pratincole 


. 


M 


Bill 


86. 


Rail. - 


. 


_ 


Bill 


87. 


Jacanu - 


. 


- 


Bill 


88. 


Gallinule 


. 


. 


Bill 



ORDER VII. WADERS. 



* With Four Toes. 

depressed, spoon-sliaped. 

hooked at the tip, sharp. 

inclining upwards, the under mandible thicker, and more stouf. 

gibbous, the upper mandible siiaped like a boat, with the keei 

upwards, 
coinpi 'sscd, carinated, obtuse, 
sharp .it tlic end. 

strait, somewhat gaping from the middle to the point, 
bent, with a bare pouch under the throat, 
bent; the face wholly feather.d. 
stmit, long, roundish, blunt at the end. 
roundisl), obtuse; hind claw scarcely reaching the ground, 
convex, tip somewhat compressed, 
subcarinated ; body compressed, 
more or less caruncnlated at the base. 
strait, sharp; forehead bare. 



ir- 



-f 



^i 



XXXII 

J*'). Sheath. Bill 
'JO, i'l-rcoiitit - 



BIRDS. 

Bill -trong;, ootiio ; nostrils covered witli a moveahle cere. 
Bill coiivfv, ilecliiiiiifjat the tip; face before the evej bare.- 



W rio,er - - . 
8;^. C'lurser - - . 
SI. Oistcr-Vatrhcr 



* • With Three Tues, placed /orwardt. 

Dill roundish, strait. 

Bill roundish, bent at the tip. 

Bill somewhat compressed, cuneated at the ti|.v 



OI{|)i:U VIII. ^VITH PINNATED FEET. 



!>1. Phnlarn},,' - 

Ul. Jnifout - . 

!<;). Coot - - . 

04. Crche - - 



f>">. Aco.iet - - 
'K>. I'ourirr - - 
'••C. riumini''j 



Bill slender, strait, a trifle bent at the tip. 

Bill iiio'itTately curved, pointed, and elongated. 

B:H conic, souieu'hat compressed, front bare. 

Bill strait, sharp; legs placed far behind, tail wantin;». 

ORDER IX. WEB-FOOTED. 

* With Long Legs. 

Bill slender, depre-istd, turning upwards at the end. 

Bill short, strait, smooth-edged. 

Bill bent, denticulated, inclining downward. 



f>S. Alhatioss . 

!);>. Auk - - - 

1(>0. Giiil/rwnt . 

101. Diier - . 

l'"2. Ski mm fir 

11)3. Tirii- - - 

104. Cult - - - 
10-'>. I'ttrcl - - 

10(5. (iooxandcr - 

107. Duck - - 

105. Penguin- - 

10!). Pdican - - 

110. Tropic r.ir.l 

111. Darter - - 



* * With Short Legs. 

Bill bent at the end, lower mandible truncated ; back toe wantini». 
Bill compressed, transversely sulfated on the sides ; back toe wanting. 
Bill strait, sharp ; back toe wanting. 
Bill strait, sharp, compressed on the sides; legs placed almojt a^ 

the vent. 
Bill greatly compressed, the upper mandible shorter. 
Bill pointed, compressed at tlie tip. 

Bill bending at the jjoint, near which it is gibbous beneath. 
Bill hooked at the end, with cylindric tubular nostrils; a >|iur 

instead of a hind toe. 
Bill witlui bent nail at the end, and denticulated, or sawed on the side*. 
Bill with a nail at the end, and lauiellated on the sides. 
Bill strait, inclining downwards; wings imitating fins, and useless 

for Hight. 
Bill naked round the base; gullet luiked, and capable of gieut 

distension. 
Bill (Miltrated, compressed, serrated. 
Bill ^u'jul.ued, serrated ; neck verv long. 



1 



■m' 



INDEX 



TO THE 



GENERAL, HISTORY 



OF 



BIRDS. 



M 



BY JOHN LATHAM, M.D. 

F.R.S. A.S. AND L.S. 
AcAO. C«». Nat. Cirio*. Reg. Holm, et Soc. Nat. Scrit. Berolin, Soc, kc. Sec. 



WINCHESTER: 

PRINTED XSD PUBtlSHED BY JACOB AND JOHNSON, FOR THE AUTHOR. 
MAY BE HAD IN LONDON OF MESSRS. VVUITTAKER. AVE-MARI A-LANE J AND W.WOOD, 

428, STRAND. 



i 



1828. 



INDEX. 



ORDERS AND GENEKA OF BIRDS 





\ol. 


Page 


1 


Vol. 


Pag.' 


1 


!»/. Piigt 


Atripitiiiie Order 


1 


1 


1 Dod.. .. 


8 


373 


MiiiKikiii 


7 219 


Albatross 


10 


48 


Duck .. 


.. 10 


214 


•Ml 11111:1 


S l.VJ 


A.)i 


2 


330 


Emeu 


8 


377 


iMii';^aii>i r 


10 199 


Auk 


10 


55 


Erody .. 


9 


137 


Motinot 


2 290 


AvilSLt ,. 


10 


37 


I'aleoii 


1 


41 


.Nuthatch 


4 02 


Barbet . . 


3 


215 


Fiiicli 





43 


Oriole .. 


3 90 


ISarbicaii 


3 


234 


Finfoot 


10 


10 


Ostrich 


8 3S7 


Bee-eater 


4 


117 


Flamiufjo 


10 


43 


Owl 


1 297 


Beef-eater 


2 


334 


Flycatcher 





154 


Oyster-catcher 


9 350 


B..athill 





20 


Gallinaceous Ot 


der 8 


109 


I'aradise-liird 


3 ISO 


niintiiig 


5 


290 


Gulliuule 


9 


390 


Parrot . . 


2 98 


Bustard 


8 


351 


1 Goatsucker 


7 


331 


Partridge 


a 2G3 


Curiama 


9 


12 


Goosander 


10 


199 


Passerine Order 


5 1 


Cassowary 


8 


381 


Grakle 


3 


144 


Peacock 


8 109 


Cereopsis 


9 


432 


Grebe .. 


. 10 


19 


Pelican 


10 39() 


Channel-bill 


2 


300 


Grosbeak 


5 


204 1 


Petrel , . 


10 170 


Chatterer 


5 


172 


Grous ., 


8 


223' 


Phalarope 


10 1 


Columbine Order 


8 


1 


Guaii 


8 


131 ; 


Pheasant 


8 103 


Coly 


5 


195 


Guillemot 


. 10 


74 


Pies, Order of 


2 1 


Coot 


10 


13 


Gull .. 


. 10 


131 


Pigeon , . 


8 1 


Coucal 


3 


239 


Heron . . 


9 


25! 


Pinguin 


10 380 


Courier 


10 


42 


Honey-eater 


4 


153 


Pinnated-feet Order 10 1 


Courser 


9 


351 


Hoopoe 


4 


98 


Pintado 


8 144 


Creeper 


4 


200 


Hornbill 


2 


303 


Plantain-eater 


2 341 


Crow ,. 


3 


3 


Humming-bird 


4 


288 


Plant-cutter 


152 


Cuckow 


3 


256 


Jubiru ., 


9 


14 


PloTer .. 


9 311 


Curassow 


8 


151 


Jacamar 


4 


1 


Pratincole 


9 3G0 


Curlew 


9 


170 


Jacant . . 


9 


384 


Rail 


9 3G7 


Curucui 


3 


203 


Kingsfisher 


4 


8 


Roller 


3 78 


Darter 


10 


44j 


Lark 





204 


Sandpiper 


9 244 


Diver 


10 


84 


Malkoha 


3 


252 


Screamer 


9 8 



1 '< 



ORDERS AND fJENFRA OP HIMDS. 





1../ 


/•..«» 




\„i. 


fan I 


Secretary 


1 


38: 


Ttrii 


10 


U9 


Slieath.l.ill 


!» 


4W\ 


Tliiiitli 


5 


15 


Sl.rikf 


2 


1 


Tmamoii 


8 


213 


SkiiiiintT 


10 


«Rij 


Titmoiisr 


7 


241 


Siiipt' 


• » 


185 


To.ly . . 


4 


80 


Spoonbill 


"J 


>i. 


Toucan 


2 


280 


Sturc 


.'> 


'i 


Tropic-bird 


. 10 


443 


Strntliioiiii Order 


8 


372: 


Truiiipctfr 


8 


347 


Sivullow 


7 


•270 1 


Turkey 


8 


125 


Taiiagtr , . 


li 


1 ! 


L'nibrc 


'.) 


23 



Vulture 
Waders 
Wa^'tud 
Warl.l.r 
Wattlf-bird 
Wcl.-footcd Order 
Woodpecker ,. 
Wryneck 



IV/. Ptift 



1 

9 

/ 
3 
JO 
3 
3 



1 
I 

315 

I 

1 

37 

a% 

332 



■A 






^-1 

1 



AMMI AIUyrK Ah MST Ol l»LATi:s 



A lliiitrnss, vfllow-iiosi'<| 
Alii, k-ssiT 
Auks, lifiuls of 
Av()»ct, Amt'ricnn 
IJarlift, bluc'-clu'fkfd 

buft'-factul 

13nr)iiciiii, Abyssiiiiim 
Dtc-fottr, Iliirniv.a 

red-wiiigc'il 

vaiicgnted 

Hftf-i'ati-r, Afiicaii 
lioatl>iil, crested 
Iiiiiiting, black-crowned 

Iilack-tliroated 

Bustard, white-eared 
Curiama, Brazilian 
Cassowary, j^aleated 

Vail Diiii'ien's 

Ci'ico|)sis, New H'.]id;id 

Channel-bill 

Chatterer, carunculated 
Lindo 

variegated 

Cockatoo, Banksian 

Coly, white-backed 

Condur 

Coot, crested 

Coucal, chestnut 

Courser, European 

Crane, gigantic 

Modun 

Creeper, Goulparali 

Crow, Crishiia 

white-breasted 

Curassow, crested 



Vol. 


I'nee 


i 




10 


a-i 


J CuckoH , fan-tad 


•) 


.■).'i(i 

57 


1 


, , sliininu • • 


10 


Curlew 


, uliitr-lieaili'd 


to 


30 


Curucni, fasciated 


;} 


22.J 

'220 


1 

t 


. . rufous . . 


3 


1 

Darter 


, black-bellieil 


3 


238 


Diver, 


Chinese 


4 


125 


[ Dodo, 


hooded 


4 


140 


' Duck, 


pink-headed 


4 


130 


Eagle, 


Chinese 


2 


334 




New Zealand 


'J 


20 


Emeu, 


American ,. 


5 


328 


Eiody, 


Abyssinian 


5 


339 


Falcon 


Cohy 


H 


350 




radiated 


9 


12 


Finch, 


crinison-crowned 


8 


381 




Durue 


8 


384 




Parrot 


9 


432 


Fill foot 


, African 


2 


300 


Flaiiiin 


^o, red 


5 


180 


Flycatc 


her, Cawnpore 


5 


192 
185 




. ... crimson-bellied 


5 




. . . fan-tailed 


2 


199 i 




. . . Peruvian 


5 


197 1 
4 




. . . red-bellied 


1 


Gallinu 


le, Martinico 


10 


17 


Goatsucker, banded 


3 


243 
351 

38 i 




. . . .I;illl»ir!i 


9 


lolirr-tnilpil 


9 


Goos«', 


seini-palniated 


9 


42 i 


Grakle, 


boat-tailed 


4 


221 


Grebe, 


red-necked 


3 


51 


Grosbeak, black-headed 


3 


17 




rriniGrki,-Ki*o<iL:,u^l 


S 


152 ' 


iiitid 



!«/. 


Paue 


3 


305 


3 


299 


9 


175 


3 


212 


3 


209 


10 


452 


10 


95 


8 


374 


10 


343 


1 


154 


1 


100 


8 


377 


9 


137 


1 


105 


1 


222 


G 


50 


G 


115 


G 


81 


10 


10 


10 


43 





170 


G 


215 


6 


184 


C 


257 


G 


209 


9 


417 


7 


342 


7 


34G 


7 


335 


10 


295 


3 


172 


10 


27 


5 


2ii7 


5 


222 




5 268 










ALPHABETICAL LIST OF PLATES. 



Grosbeak, Parrot-billed 
........ spotted-sided 

Grous, Libyan 
Guillemot, marbled 
Gull, Arctic 
Heron, vrattled 
Hobbjr, spottcd-talled 
Honey-cater, liook-billed 

slender-billed 

sanguineous 

Hornbill, pied 

wreathed 

Huniiiiing-bird, Garnet-throated 

harlequin 

ruii-necked 

tufted-necked 

.lahiru, American 
Jacamar, long-tailed 
.lacaua, Chinese 
Ibis; black-faced 
Kingstislier, sacred 
l.ark. New Zealand 
RJaccaw, red and yellow 
Malkoha . . 
Manakin, green-headed 

striped-heuded 

Menura, super!) . . 
IMerganser, hooded 
Motmot, Brazilian 
Nuthatch, orang;e-winged 

Surinam 

Oriole, sharp-tailed 

white-winged 

Ostrich, black 
0«1, Acadian .. 

.... Hutum .. 

.... ominous 
.... Siberian 
.... Sparrow ,. 

.... spectacle , , 
Ovster-catclier 





Vol. 


Page 




.. 


5 


210 


Paradise-bird, Gorget 


■ • 


5 


248 


hackled 


. . 


8 


253 


............ niap'mficcnt 


. • 


10 


83 


twelve-wired 




10 


164 


Parrot, horned 


• • 


9 


73 


jonquil 


.. 


1 


287 


racket-tailed 




4 


192 


red-crowned 




4 


194 


..... Tabuan 


.. 


4 


201 


undulated 




2 


31G 


Partridge, crowned 


• . 


o 


323 


green . , 


sated 


4 


300 


hackled 


.. 


4 


310 


Peacock, Malay 




4 


350 


Peahen, male-feathered 


ed 


4 


348 


Petrel, giant 


.. 


9 


14 


Phalarope, red-necked 




4 


3 


Pheasant, barred-tail 







391 


crested 




9 


108 


linpcyan 




4 


20 


Pigeon, liook-billcd 




() 


310 


spotttd-green 




2 


101 


Pinguin, little 




3 


2r)2 


woolly 




7 


228 


Pintado, crested 




7 


237 


Plantain-eater, violet 




8 


159 


Plant-cuttei, Abyssinian 




10 


20« 


Plover, New Zealand 




2 


290 


Pratiucole, .Austrian 




4 


77 1 


Promerops, grand 




4 
3 
3 


72 
132 
125 


• red-billed 




tufted 




Quail, Andalusian 




8 


387 


Rail, Philippine 




1 


327 


Roller, blue-striped 




1 


307 


Sandpiper, white-winged 




1 


303 


Screamer, horned 




1 


327 


Secretary 




1 


373 


Shag, spotted 




1 


340 


Sheath-bill 




9 


350 


Shrike, black-headed 



Vol. 


Pa gl- 


3 


im 


3 


193 


3 


189 


3 


199 


2 


172 


2 


143 


2 


107 


2 


218 


2 


115 


2 


179 


8 


332 


8 


331 


8 


307 


8 


121 


8 


113 


10 


170 


10 


3 


8 


197 


8 


212 


8 


210 


8 


81 


8 


23 


10 


387 


10 


392 


3 


148 


2 


341 





153 


9 


338 


9 


300 


4 


100 


4 


109 


4 


112 


8 


337 


9 


373 


3 


SO 


9 


29(> 


9 


8 


1 


38 


10 


427 


9 


430 


2 


00 



:m 



I 



ALPHA 



Shrike, frontal 

Malabar 

Skiininei', Ijlack 
Siii|ie, Cape 
Spoonbill, roseate 
Starlings, wattled 
Swallow, eiculent and nest 

Otaheite 

rufoub-lieaded 

wire-tailed 

I'anager, capital 

variegated 

Ti'rn, sooty 

TiirusJ!, Kanitschatkan 

long-tailed 

thick-billed 

white-tailed 

Tinainon, variegated 
Titnionse, great-headed 
Tddy, great-billed 
.... white-headed 
loucan, Ja''.eiro 



BETICAL LIST OF PLATES. 


Vol. 


Page 




2 


72 


Toucan, Toco 


2 


57 


Tropic-bird, red-tailed 


10 


m 


1 Trumpeter, gold-breasted 


9 


198 


Unibre, tufted 


9 


5 


Vulture, Bengal 


5 


11 


i Carrion 


7 


290 


Condur 


7 


303 


Girigi 


7 


288 


j K'"g 


^ 


309 


New Holland 





23 


Wagtail, pied 





9 


Southern 


10 


102 


1 Warbler, blue-necked 


5 


138 


lesser white-threat 


5 


83 


superb 


5 


29 


thorn-tailed 


5 


49 


Wattle-bird 


8 


219 


Woodpecker, buff-crested 


7 


270 


Wren, Regal 


4 


94 


Wryneck 


4 


84 


Yacou 


2 


292 





Vol. 


i'«V.; 


2 


281 


10 


447 


8 


347 


9 


23 


1 


24 


1 


12 


1 


1 


1 


•27 


1 


!t 


1 


32 


G 


320 


6 


322 


7 


30 


7 


47 


7 


117 


7 


147 


3 


I 


3 


373 


7 


20S 


3 


332 


8 


i.-kj 



>?•< ' >^- 



GENERAL INDEX. 



VOLUME I. 









Piige 






I'agt 


ji 




^««t 




Aas 


-Vogel . . 


141 


Aigle, pescheur 16, 


256 


, 260 


Bartgeyer 




35 




Acabiray 


IG 


— Pygargue 46, 


47 


, 64 


Batteleur 




171 




Accijiiter ^laudarius 


12G 


— royal . . 


, , 


S3 


Baunieule 




324 




Accijiiter Carolinensis 


278 


Albanella 


, , 


04 


Baum Falk 


119 


, 121 




— 


Cayanensis 5;)5 


, 293 


Alimoche 




21 


Bauze, Baize 


107 


, 155 




— 


ferox 


146- 


Allap-Allap 


, , 


209 


Beinbrecher 




4b 




— 


— fringillarius 


131 


AIuco 


• • 


355 


Berg-Hhaan 




171 




— 


Korschun 


101 


Amisk Oho 


, , 


312 


Bido . . 


149, 


174 




— 


inaculatus 


132 


Angkal-Angkal 


, ^ 


189 


Bienfresser 




76 




— 


Moscoviticus 


72 


Aquila 


, , 


53 


Blac , . 




188 




— 


— ruticaudatus 


265 


— Afric. cristata 




138 


Bleyfaleke 




94 




Aclibobba 


16 


— Albic. minor 




47 


Blo-Ketupu 




324 




Adier 


239 


— Braziliensia 


232 


,236 


Blo-watu 




354 




— 


lisch 


66 


— csuda alba 


, , 


54 


Bond re 




7'i 




~~-' 


see 


48 


— Chryaat'tos 


.. 


51 ' 


Brandeule 




j43 




— stein 
^salon . . 133, 


65 
290 


— • Clanga 

— Coronada 


•• 


249 


Brandgayer 
Bubo albifrons 




b9 
30. J 




Aigl 


B, ii queue blanche 


--'43 


— heliaca 




51 


— Atheniensis 




302 




"~~ 


. . joues noires 


238 


— maculosa 




246 


— Clamator 




321 




■"— 


blanc d'Amei-ique 


245 


— Mogilnick 




52: 


— Italicus 




30*2 




__ 


blauchard 


3 


Arrian Geyer 




23 


— Lapponicus 




304 




■'■' ' 


commun 


53! 


Asio 


311, 


313 


— maximus 




30O 




— 


couionne 
de la Guiane 


233 i 
235 


Astur 

Autour ;i ventre rayt 


106, 


111 i 

161 


— pectore maculato 

— Pinicola 


303 
304 


:'- 


— 


. . Pondichery 
.. Mer 
grand , . 
imperial 
Rlalaharre 


147 
58 
55 \ 
51 

147 


Avoltaio barbato 

grittbn 

Azulezo 
Bacha 


255, 

• 


269 
S5 

2« : 

288 
172 ■ 


— striatus 
Bullah 
Busard 

— roux 
Buse 


87, 97, 
97, 


359 
158 
271 
267 
7<» 


•a 


■'■■ 


noil' 


54 


Baihri, Boihrt- 




175 


— cendree 




t fc' 
So 


1 


— 


nonette 
petit 


158' 
65' 


Balbusardus 
Barletta 


.; 


58 i 

119. 

t 


— Criarde 

— des Champs 


64, 94, 


lt7 
271 


"t.' 








U 













10 

Bust- des Savannes 

— d'Hiver 

— fauve 

— gallinivorc 

— gantce . . 

— mixte noire 
— ' rougeatre 

Busthart 
Buteo albidus 

— Albus 

— g'allinarius 
Buzard varii-'' 
Buzon 



Buzzard, 



Ameii 
ash-coloui 
barred-breasted 268 



Page 

245 

2«6, 288 

91 

261 

283 

70, 80 

261 

259 

79 

262 

80 

HI 

262 

288 

5,267 

SO 



common 

greater 

Hobby 

honey 

Moor 

speckled 

Turkey 



Buzzardet 

Buzzaret 

Cabaducutch 

Cabure 

Cattre 

Calyaiif 

Caparacock . . 

Capasuah 

Caracara 

Caraiicliu 

Caronjia 

C;atliarte 

Cenchris 

Chagoun 

Chasse-tiente 

Chathuant 

Chaund Vatsua 

Cherruir 



4, 



79 

111 

288 

76 

87 

262 

12 

266 

262 

349 

320, 373 

141 

148 

350 

197 

274 

274 

128 

7, 12, 16 

125 

32 

19 

343, 357 
363 
176 



VOLUME I. 

Pa lie 
Cheveche 315, 348, 369 

Chevechette perlce . . 366 



Chicken Hawk 

Chictjuera 

Chiik, Cheel 

Chincou 

Chiyua 

Choliba 

Chouama 

Chouah Maur 

Choucarii 

Choucou 

Choucouhou 



278, 282 
168 

186, 187 
31 

205, 210 
364 
183 
191 
196 
333 
335 



Chouette 315, 348, 349, 369 

a aigrette blanche 336 

u longue (jueue 350 







332 






336 


— — nudipede 




372 


Phalenoide 




372 


Chrysaetos 




53 


Chuckotiah . . 




204 


Circus 


87 


I'x 


Cive:ta 




369 


Clanga 


58 


66 


Col pecha 




363 


Condur 




4 


Coock-coschuk 




353 


Cozcacoauhtli 




9 


Cresserelle 




125 


Crow, Carrion 




12 


Dendro-falco 




119 


Due, grand . . 


300, 


303 


— moyen 




311 


— petit 




324 


Eagle, Asiatic 




155 


— Azara's 




251 


— bald . . 




45 


— Bauj 




155 


— bearded 




50 


— Bido 




149 


— black 


53, 54 



PctiC- 

Eagle, black-backed 239 

— black-cheeked 23S 

— black-eyed 217 

— black-necked 252 

— Blagre .. 159 

— Brazilian . . 236 

— brown-backed 149 
— - brown and tawny 264 

— Caracca . . 249 

— Cawnporc . . 15^ 

— Cheela . . 14.") 

— Chinese .. 154 

— cinereous 46, 47 

— Courland . . 63 

— crested . . 232 

— crowned 138, 238 

— destructive 235 

— Dransberg . . 267 

— Equinoctial 23'! 

— fierce 146 

— Genoese . . 53 

— golden . . 55 

— Janeiro . . 239 

— Jean !e blanc 64 

— jerwied . . 152 

— imperial 51 

— Koorul . . 152 

— Kumpa-niaur 151 

— lacteous . . 216 

— Louisiane, white 240 

— i..^julated . , 246 

— Mansfeny . . 244 



marine 
maritime 
martial 
mountain 



160 
146 
142 
215 



N. Holland, white 217 
New Zealand 160 

noble ,. 144 

noisy . , 143 

occipital . . 139 
Oronooko . . 232 



I ! 






i? 



U3'.t 
'i3S 
217 
"252 
15!» 

■zsn 

14f» 

y >r,A 
'24 y 
1")',' 

14.-. 
154 
JC, 47 
(73 
23'.' 
i, 238 
'235 
207 
23'; 
Ufi 
53 
55 
23f> 
r,4 
152 
51 
152 
151 
21f; 
240 
246 
244 
IGO 
14« 
142 
215 
217 
IGO 
144 
143 
139 
232 











VOLUME I. 






n 








Page 




Page 


1 


Ptigi 




Eaglo 


piscivorous 


158 


Falco Acoli . . 


173 


Falco candicans 


72 




— 


plaintive 


34 


1 — /'Egyptius 


105 


— Carolinensis 


GO 




— 


Pondichery 


14G 


— aeruginosua .. 


87 


— Cayanensis 


62, 26! » 




— 


ling-tail 


53 


— /Esalon 


193 


1 — Cheela 


145 




— 


rough-footed 


Co 


— albanella 


94 


: — Chicquera 


IGS 




— 


royal 


233 


— albescens 


143 


— cirrhatus 


IfiG, IGS 




— 


Russian 


52 


— albicaudus 


47 


— clarus 


■22G 




— 


Sclavonian 


70 


— albicilla 


46,47 


i — columbarius 


. . 278 




— 


sea 


48 


— albicollis 


250 


j — communis, &c 


113 




— 


spotted 


60 


— • albidus 


2u2 


j — conciliator 


240 




— 


Statenland 


241 


— albus . . 


217 


i — connivens 

t 


221 




— 


Tharu 


243 


— ambustus 


27 


1 — cristatus 


24!* 




— 


tyrant 


234 


— Americanus 


238 


— cyaneus 


94 




— 


Vulturine 33 


, 141 


— Antillaruni 


245 


— cyanops 


50 




— 


white 


57 


— « apivorus 


76 


— cygneus 


5G 




— 


. . bellied 


24-2 


— aquilinus 


260 


— destructor 


235 




— 


. . breasted 


241 


— arraiger 


142 


— discolor 


. . 272 




— 


crowned 


63 


—> arundinaceus 


65 


— Dominicensis 


290 




— 


headed 45 


,218 


— Asiaticus 


155 


— dubiuf 


77, 27<J 




— 


necked 


250 


— Astracanus 


146 


— ecaudatus 


171 




~ 


rumped 


249 


— ater 


102 


— ferox 


14G 




— 


tailed 


47 


— aurantius 


289 


— ibrmosus 


2G0 




Keller Falkc . . 


111 


— aureus 


125 


— Forskalii 


105 




Effraie 


. . 


355 


— Austriacus 


103 


— fulvus 


54 




Klanus 


coGsius 


188 


— badius 


210 


— furcatus 


.. 273 




— 


melanopterus 


188 


— barbarus 


82 


— fuscus 68, 74 


, 81, 273 


"■■". 


Emerillon, ooul. de plotnl: 


)289 


— bellicosus 


142 


— Gabar 


212 






de Cayenne 


890 


— Bengalensis 


208 


— gallicu3 


64 






Gry Gry 


290 


— bidentatus 


252 1 


— gentilis 


111 




Epervicr . . I06j 


131 


— Blagrus 


159 1 


— germanicus 


63 


^ . 




i gros bi 


282 


— boeticus 


87 S 


— gibbosus 


114 






bleuatre 


".?,'>■ 


— Bohemicus 


130; 


— glaucopis 


G7 






brun a sourcils 


1 


— borealis 


265 1 


— griseus 


90 






blancs 


91 


— brachydactylus 


64 


— guianensis 


256 






des Pigeons 


278 


— Braziliensia 


274 


— halioeetus 


58 






Gabar 


212 


— Brissonianus 


214 i 


— Harpyia 


. 233 


iV 




noir & blanc 


294 


— Brownii 


210 


— hinnularius 


47 


■-^^ 




pattu 


232 


— Buffoni 


98 


— Hudsonicns 


80,97 






pie 


189 


— Buteo 


111 


— hyemalis 


91 






raye 


106 


— caerulescens 


208 


— hypoleucos 


64 




Erne 


. . 


47 


— calidus 


175 


— Jacquini 


. 23S 


;e 


Eule, Sclever & Perle 


355 


— Canadensis 


54 


— Jamaicensu 


. 861 



B'2 



^ 



J lb 




VOLUME 


I. 




Page 




Prtf;f 


Falco Japonicus 


.. 170 


Falco nitidus 


.. 246 


— Javanicus 


1G4 


— novae Holland 


ise 217 


— Icelandicus 


71,72 


— . . terra! 


277 


— ichthyajtus 


IfiO 


— . . Zealand 


iae IG'O 


— Jerfalco 


71 


— nudicollis 


260 


— imperialis 


235 


— obscurus 


272 


— incertus 


77 


— obsoletus 


.. 234 


— intermixtus 


ISfi 


— occipitalis 


139 


— Italicus 


118 


— orientalis 


162 


— lagopus 


67 


— ornatu? 


255 


— lanarius 


84,94 


— ossifragus 


48 


— leucoceplialus 


45,114 


— Palumbarius 


106 


— leucogaster 


.. 242 


— palustris 


276 


— leucopsis 


64 


— parasiticus 


104 


— Jeucoryphos 


63 


— pennatus 


69 


— Leverianus 


62 


— Pensylvanicus 


263, 280 


— limnffietus 


164 


— peregrinus 


81 


— lineatus 


268 


— Peruvianas 


273 i 


— Lithofalco 


136 


1 — picatus 


250 


— macrourus 


77 


— piscator 


60, 156 


— maculatui 


66,82 


— plancus 


34 


— Madagascariens 


is 161 


— plumbeus 94, 


246, 287 


— magnirostris 


282 


— ponticerianus 


147 


— magnua 


36 


— Pygargus 


45, 94 


— marginatus 


78 


— regalis 


53, 233 


— maritimus 


146 


— regulus 


138 ; 


— Mauduyti 


255 


— rhombeus 


. 177 i 


— melanceetus 


54 


— rufipes 


124 


— melanoleucos 


183 


— rufiventris 


280 


— melanops 


217, 248 


— rufus 


89 


— melanopterus 


188 


— rupicolus 


. 203 


— msridionalis 


253 


— rusticolus 


73 


— Milvu* 


99 


— rubiginosus 


88 1 


— minullus 


213 


— sacer 


. 117 


— Mississippensis 


275 


— Sancti Johannis 276 


— Mogilnick 


52 


— iclavonicus 


70 


— montanus ] 


111, 118 


— serpentarius 


38 


— inusicus 


178 


— severus 


130 


— nsevius 


64,88 


— sinensis 


154 


— niger 81, 5 


J39, 256 


— ioloensis 


209 


— nigricollis 


252 


— sonninensis 


276 


- Nisus ., 1 


31, 223 


— Sonnini 


256 



Falco spadiccus 

— sparverius 

— Stellaris 

— subbutco 

— Sulllator 

— superbus 

— superciliosus 
— • Tachirn 

— Tatai'icus 

— Tharus 

— tibialis 

— tigrinus 

— Tinnunculus 

— torquatus 

— tunetanus 

— tyrannus 

— variogatus 

— versicolor 

— vespertinoidcs 

— vespertinus 

— uliginosus 

— vociferus IJH 

— Urubitinga 

— vulturinus 
Falcon, Abbotian 

— accipitrinr; 

— America"! 

— Arctic 

— ash-brown 

— ash-coloured 

— ash-headed 
— • ash-tailcd 

— axillary 

— Bacha 

— barred-tail 

— Bassun 

— bay .. 97, 

— Behree 

— Bengal 
■— black 

— black and white 

183, 



Pnvp 

259 
299 
SO- 
UP 
28 r. 
255 
291 
211 
f)2 
24:3 
174 
57 
125 
94 
S'> 
234 

2(;2 

75 
123 
122 

■-!7I 
, 187 

'im 

141 

292 
295 
272 

71 
231 

92 
219 
229 
224 
172 
281 
207 
259 
175 
208 

81 

184 



I 







Prfs-r 
259 
2'J!i 

SO- 
UP 

28 r. 

255 
2t)l 
211 

82 
243 
174 

57 
125 

91 

S2 
234 
2(;2 

75 

J2;^ 

122 

■-!71 

8, 187 

23G 

141 

292 

295 

272 

71 

231 

92 

219 

229 

224 

172 

281 

207 

r, 259 

175 

208 

81 



Pngc 



Falcon, Ijlack-nccked 

— black-thighcd 

— bluck-wingeil 

— blue-backed 

— blue-footed 

— Boliemian 

— booted 

— broad-winged 

— brown 

— brown and white 

— brown-backed 

— bufl'-headed 

— Caracca 

— Cayenne 

— chanting 

— Checl 

— Chipuck 

— Chiquera 

— chocolate 

— Cohy 

— collared 

— columbine 

— common and var, 

— Cotta 

— Courland 

— cream-bellied 



174 
18S 
282 

8G 

130 

69, 70 

263 

74 
19G 
281 
198 
249 
269 
173 
187 
210 
168 
259 
165 

73 
247 
113 
185 

63 
230 



— cresled 166, 167, 168 






Criard 

dark 

desert 

dubious 

dusky 

dwarf 

fair 

fasciated 

fishing 

Gentil 

Genus 

great-billed 

Greenland 



187 
231 
ISl 
279 
272 
213 
326 
189 
156 
111 

41 
282 

68 



Falcon, 



I 



grey 
Guiana 



C8, 89, 202 
284 



VOLUiME I 






Page 


Haggard 


114 


Hari)y 


89 


Jackal 


ISO 


Indian 


197 


Ingrian 


122 


Johanna 


197 


Jugger 


192 


Justin 


195 


Konta 


193 


lake 


164 


laughing 


286 


Libyan 


200 


little 


290 


long-billed 


198 


long-legged 


173 


long-shanked 


270 


long-tailed 


77 


lunated 


227 


margined 


78 


minute 


214 


Moskooro 


193 


nasal 


169 


Newfoundlan 


1 277 


New Holland 


219 


Northern 


91 


notched 


252 


Pacific 


. 227 


Parametty 


225 


Peregrine 


81 


Placentia 


259 


plain 


254 


plumbeous 


246 


Port-Jackson 


220 


Pygmy 


296 


radiated 


. 222 


ranivorous 


181 


red-legged 


212 


red -nosed 


201 


red-shoulderec 


1 268 


red-tailed 


269 


red-throated 


260 


rhomboidal 


177 



Falcon, rough-legged 

j — rufous-bellied 
I — rufous-eared 
j — rufous-headed 

I — rusty and grey 

' — sagittal 

! — Saint John's 

— Salvador 

— Senegal 

— severe 

— sharp-shinncil 

— sharp-tailed 

— short-tailed 

— Siberian 

— slate-coloured 

— Sonnini's 

— Soolo 

— sooty 

— spotted 

— spotted-winged 

— starry 

— stone 

— streaked 

— Surinam 

— swallow-tailed 
• — Tachard 

— Tartarian 

— • tawny-headed 

— testaceous 

— tiny 

— white-breasted 

— white -fronted 

— white-headed 

— winking 

— winter 

— yellow-chinned 

— yellow-toed 

— Zuggun 
Falke bunte 

— edler 
Faucoa a collier 

I — a croupion blanc 



1.3 

67 
2H4 
179 
253 
27: 
195 
276 
276 
199 
130 
179 
171 
171 
138 

yso 

185 
209 
258 
175 

82 

86 
136 
248 
285 
273 
182 

82 
200 
163 
295 
267 
286 
114 
221 

91 
228 
265 

9(» 
272 
111 
183 

91 



14 




VOLUME r. 










/V/fic 




/Viit 




/',/!..■ 


Kaucon ;i queue en ci.seaux273 


Guliwauz 


186 


, Jean le blano 


<i4 


■ — tdanc 


.. 251 ; 


Gurra 


25 


Jerfalcon 


71 


— bunte 


. . 27S : 


Gypactos . . 35 


, 141 


Jokowuru 


160 


— ciilotte noire 


274; 


Harpyia 


233 


Iribu 


14 


— chanlcur 


. 178, 


Gypogeranus 


40, 


Iriburubicha 


9 


— <l'im bleu (iTreux '240 


Harfang 


320 


Itzquauhfli 


'232 


— buj)|«' 


!(;«, IG7 


Harjjaye 


89 


Kestril 


1'25, 1'2'.) 


— noiratre i*i blanc '286 


Hasengeyer 


25 


— grey-winged 


'202 


— passager 


Hi: 


Hawk bird 


228 


— rufous- backed 


203 


— jK'cheur 


loc: 


— black 


256 


— sharp-tailed 


204 


— Felerin 


81 1 


— black and orange 


208 


Kite 99, 101, 


102, 103 


— perdricux 


S7' 


— Brown's <10 


283 


— Arabian 


105 


Falke grosser gepfeilter 10(> 


— F-agle 


205 


— black-eyed 


186 


— rothlichweissc 


63 


— fishing 


00 


— black-shouldered 


23<> 


— weisser 


72' 


— Japonese 


170 


— Brazilian 


. 274 


Fischaar 


^8. 


— Javan 163, 


164 


— Mississippi 


. 275 


Fisch adlcr 4 


5, 46, 66 1 


— leaden-backed 


224 


Kober 


1'22 


— geyer 


46, 89 


i — marsh 


271 1 


Koenigs-weyhe 


10'2 


Fresaic 


355 : 


— Pigeon 


278 


Kokko-blo 


;J54 


Froos 


150 j 


— sharp-shinned 


279 


Kommooly 


12S 


(iabar 


212 ' 


— Sparrow 


131 


Konta 


UXi 


(iallinazo 


12 


Hen-harrier 


94 


Kurges 


25 


(ienti! 


111 




173 


Kuyken-dief 


104 


long-icggea 


(ierfalcoii, white 


72 


Hen-ha\vk 


278 


Laemmer-^_yer 


35 


(jerfauit 


71, 72 


Hibou Criard 


321 


Lanner, Lanier 


S4 


vieyer grossester 


16 


— de Coromandel 


3lO 


Lerjana 


190 


liliai|) 


20 


— de la Chine 


309 


Looloo 


302 


(.ihei)pio 


125 


^- des Magellanitjues 


303 


Lua 


7H 


Gid . . 


28 


Hirundo max, furcat. 


273 


Maase-geyer 


79 


(jiill-liooter 


344 


Hobby .. liy, 121 


, 1'24 


Macagiia 


340 


Ginjeng 


130 


— orange-breasted 


289 


Maeuse-habicht 


130 


(ioora-a-gang '221, 


223, 228 


— • spotted-tailed 


287 


Mangeur des Serpens 


38 


Goshawk 


IOC 


Hobreau 


119 


Mansfeny 


245 


crested 


. '255 


Horn oder Ohreule 


311 


Maw-iing 


128, 132 


Goo-loo-bee 


. 210, 


Horneule kleine 


311 


Merlin 133, 


135, 290 


Graafalk 


67 


Huhner geyer 


99 


Messager 


38 


Grenouillard 


181 


— — habicht 


111 


Milan-brauner 


lo;i 


(irill'ard 


142 




S7 


— noir 


102 




Griffon 


17 


Hulotte 


344 


— noir & blanc 


272 


Grus capcnsia cauda c 


rist. 38 


Huppard 


139 


' — royal 


99 


Gufo 


300 


Jakals-vogel 


180 


Milvus 

1 


101 


Gugu 


308 


Ibis 


38 


1 — Carolinensis 


275 



V,\ 






b'4 
71 

14 

y 

25, 1'2<; 

'203 
'204 
H, 103 
105 
180 
^30 
274 
275 
1'22 
102 
354 
128 
193 
'25 
104 
35 
S4 
19() 
30'2 

ry 

79 

34() 

130 

38 

245 

, 132 

, 290 

38 

103 

102 

272 

99 

101 

275 











VOLUME 


I. 








15 






Pane 








Page 1 




Paji 




Milvus Cenchiis 


287 


Ow 


, Cayenne 




357 Owl, Oriental 


, , 


3'23 




IMorphno congener 


m 


— 


Ceylonese 




309 


— pearl 


, , 


M\(\ 


» 


Morphnos 


58 


— 


cliestnut-winged 


334 


— Peregrine 


, , 


319 




Moyen due 


311 


— 


Chinese 


309, 35!) 


' — powdered 


.. 


329 




Mucharin 


C9 


— 


cinereous 


. , 


337 


: — Rabbit 


,, 


365 




Mudrooli 


158 


— 


Coquimbo 




365 


— red-cared 




311 




N'rxchteule 


344 


, — 


Coromandel 


, , 


310 


— rufescent 




,i54 




Nacnrutu 303 


314, 342 


1 — 


double-eared 




307 


— rufous 


.il(j 


, 375 




Xagt Valk . . 


334 


i — 


downy 


, . 


342 


— Saint Domingf 




34.'s 




\atowokey Omissew 


305 


— 


dvTarf 


, , 


368 


— Scandinavian 




\',0\ 




Nibbio 


87,89 


— 


Eagle 


, , 


304 


— Scops . . 




324 




Nisser 'I'ookoor 


139 


: — 


ermine 


. . 


332 


— Selo-puto 




354 




— weik 


50 


— 


Falconine 


, , 


333 


— short-eared 




315 




Noctua Braziliensis 


310 


— 


fasciated 


, , 


330 


— Siberian 




327 




— major 


313 


— 


ferruginous 




346 


— snowy 


, , 


329 




— minor & aurita 


: — 


Georgian 




362 


— Solognese 




347 






309, 311 


— 


grand Due 




300 


— sooty 


.. 


337 




Oakaab 


150 


' — 


great-eared 


, , 


300 


— Sparrow 




37:{ 




Oiseau St. Martin 


94 


i — 


v"rillian 


J , 


382 


— spectacle 




340 




Omisseu Athanatou 


338 


1 


Hawk 


349 


, 350 


— streaked 




371 




Orfraie 


48 


— 


horned 


302 


, 304 


— striated 




359 


'■ 


Oricou 


20 


— 


Hutum 


, , 


307 


— striped-eared 




306 




Osprey 


58, 157 




Javan 


, , 


357 


— supercilious 




336 




Ouira Ouasaou 


233 


— 


Indian 


351 


,352 


— tawny 




343 




Ourigourap 


21 


— 


Ivy 


, , 


343 


— - Tengmalm's 




367 




Owl, Acadian 


. 368 


— 


Kestril 


, , 


347' 


— variegated 




335 


"i 


— American 


313 


— 


Ketupu 


, , 


3'23 


— Virginian 




304 




— Athenian 


302 


— 


knocking 


, , 


374 1 


— undulated 




360 




— Austrian 


345 


— 


large-eyed 


, , 


360 


— Ural .. 




350 




— bare- legged 


. 372 


— 


Lempi-ji 


, , 


323 


— Wapacuthu 




331 




— barn, white 


355 


— 


little . . 


, ^ 


369 


— white 


346, 


353 




— barred 


338 


— 


long-eared 




311 


— white-faced 




334 


- ;-< 


— bay 


353 


— 


Magellanic 


, a 


303 


■ — white-fronted 




326 


•I ■4 


— black 


344 


— 


marsh 


, , 


319 


— white, great 




330 


1 


— Boobook 


. 362 j 


— 


Mexican 


• • 


364 


Pagan i 


237, 


286 


*| 


— booted 


• »72 ,| 


— 


mottled 


• ■ 


321 


Percnoptere 


16 


, 39 


1 


— Brazilian 


320 ii 

1, 


— 


mountain 


. 


361 


Peregrine 




81 




— brown 315,343,344 11 


— 


mouse 




358 


Planga 




66 


— Cabure 


373! 


— 


New Holland 




334 


Pojana secunda 




79 


*o--A 


— Canada 


349 


- - 


New Spain 


,. 


364 


Poppa-ruckis-sue 




349 


i| 


— Carniolic 


325! 


— 


New Zealand 


365, 


366 


Pygarge 


47, 


150 


W 


— Caspian 


318 


— 


ominous 


•• 


363 


Pygargus . . 4{ 


>,47 


,94 



' ) ' f 



^m 
i 



H) 








VOLUME I 














Page 






Pa,-, 


t 




/'«* e 


Uaaj 




150 


Stn 


X Arctica 


315 


Strix njEvia . . 


.. 321 


Ilaclmmali 




ai 


— 


Asio 


. 314 


— 


nebulosa 


3a8 


Kcgina Auranun 




» 


— 


badia 


353 





nisuella 


335 


King-tail 


!»4, 


97, 9S 


1 


liakkaniuna 


328 


i ~~ 


nivea 


3^9 


Rociiicr 




136 


— 


barbata 


361 




noctiia 


346 


lloi (Il's Vautours 




9 


— 


Iloobook 


362 


— . 


nudipes 


. . 372 


Roilielgeycr 




125 


— 


brachyotos 


315 


— 


nyctea 


.. 329 


Ilotter-vangcr 




18U 


— 


Draziliensis 


320 


_ 


Orientalis 323 


, 343, 359 


Ifoiigii 


•• 


181 


— 


Bubo . . 


3(K) 


— 


otus 


.. 311 


Kounoir 


■• 


180 


— 


Canadensis 


349 


1 — 


palustris 


.. 319 


Roylow 




166 


— 


Candida 


S32 


— 


passerina 


368, 369 


Sat'ie 


ic, ur 


— 


Carniolica 


325 


— 


personata 


.. 342 


Sagittui'iiis 


... 


38 


— 


Carolinensis 


314 


_ 


])erspicillata 


340 


Sarcoiainplius 




4 


— 


Caspia 


3i8 


, — 


plialxnoidea 


372 


Scliiilm 


• • 


300 


— 


castanoptera 


354 


I — 


pulchella 


. . 327 


Scops 




314 


— 


Cayanensis 


357 


' — 


pusilla 


368 


Secretary 




38 


— 


Ceylonensis 


309 


1 — 


Pulsatrix 


374 


Serpentarius 




38 


— 


Chichictli 


364 


— 


rufa 


346 


Shipomas-pish 




371 


— 


Choucou 


333 


— 


rufescens 


354 


Siccara 




203 


— 


cinerea 


337 


— 


Scandiaca 


304 


Siutitoch 




315 


— 


Coromanda 


310 


— 


Scops 


.. 324 


Sliiangcn vraater 




38 


— 


cunicularia 


365 


— 


Selo-Puto 


354 


Snake-cater 




38 


— ■ 


Dnminicensis 


348 


— 


Sinensis 


309, 359 


Soubuse 




94 


— 


erminea 


3S2 


— . 


Sologniensis 


.. 347 


SpaiTOw-hawk 




209 


— 


Fernandica 


364 


— 


stridula 


343 




ne 




— 


ferruginea 


373 


— 


superciliosa 


336, 342 




■292 


—4 


299 


— 


tlaninica 


355 


— 


sylveatris 


346 






223 


— 


freti Hudsonis 


350 


— 


Tengmalnii 


367 




N He 


Hand "223 


— 


fuliginosa 


337 


— 


Tolchiquatli 


3(;4 




3 peck 


led 


211 


— 


fulva . . 


365 


— 


transatlantica 


364 




Sperber 




131 


— 


funerea 


349 


— 


Virginiana 


304 


Stannel 




125 


— 


Georgica 


362 


— 


ulula . . 


315 


Siein-adlcr 




65 


— 


Giu 


325 


— 


undulata 


360 


Stoin Euie 


. . 


349 


— 


griseata 


336 


— 


Uralensis 


350 


Stiix Acatliensis 




36S 


— 


Huhula 


336 


— 


Zorca . . 


324 


— accipitrina 


• ■ 


318 


— 


Javanica 


357 


Stront-vogel 


141 


— aeelainatof 


. . 


337 


— 


Indica 


322 


Suinda 


348 


— AtVicana 




333 


— 


Ketiipa 


323 


Sundul 


155 


— alba 


a'29 


,333 


— 


Lempi-ji 


323 


Tachard 


182 


— albifion:* 




326 


— 


lineata 


336 


Tageule 


329 


— Aluco 




344 


— 


liturata 


332 


Tanas 


156 


— Americana 




313 1 


— - 


Mexicana 


314' 


Taubenhabicht 


106 



m 



! ■ M 



m 



321 
338 
335 
3^9 
346 
37'i 
3'29 
■}3, 359 
3U 
319 
■)8, 369 
342 
340 
372 

yzT 

3C8 
374 
34 O" 
354 
304 
324 
354 

)!), 359 
347 
343 

36, 342 
345 
307 
3(>'4 
304 
304 
315 
360 
350 
324 
141 
348 
155 
182 
329 
156 
106 









VOLUME 1. 












I'ligf 


1 




J'Kilt 


1 




/'«?•■ 


TcMI 


148 


Vultur baibatus 


35 


Vulti 


11, a»h-cvluuie(l 


25 


Tchong 


184 


i| — 


llengiiiensis 


21 


— 


bearded 


35 


Toesa 


191 


; — 


lira/.iliensis 


12 


— 


Bengal 


24 


Thiiinirnlkc 


125 


; — 


Californianus 


i 


— 


bold 


33 


Tinmiiiruliis columhniiiH 278 


1 


Cheriway 


33 


— 


C'alilbinian 


7 


Toolmorley 


190 




cincreus 


23,25 


— 


cairiou 


12 


Torniooty 


202 


— 


Condor 


4 


— 


ChagDun . . 


32 


Tuidara 


355 


— 


coronatus 


233 


— 


Cheriway . . 


33 


Tzopildtl 


9 


1 


cristatus 


25 


— 


chestnut 


36 


Vautour 


23 

OK 


1 _ 


fulvus 

fuS( IH 


17 


— 


Chincou 
chocolat-' 


:il 




Ziy 


' 


'i^i 


■■■■ 


29 




11 


— 


ginginiiirius 


27 


— 


cinereous 






23 




32 


— 


Ciryplius 


4 


— 


crested 


232 




27 


— 


llarpyia 


232 


— 


. . black 


.)0 


■ de Malthe . . 


22 


— 


IndicuH 


20 


— 


fulvous 


17 


■ du Nonvege 


21 


1 


Iota 


15 


— 


Hare 


25 


du Bresil 


14 


— 


Kolbii 


19 


— 


King 


9 




20 
25 


— 


leporarius 
leucocepiialus 


25, 30 


— 


Kolben's . . 
Maltese 






19 




~ 


-rfj 1 


' 


22 


..:i»:.. 


22 




Monachus 


9, 30 


— 


New Holland 






32 


Vis-vanger 


158 

1 


— 


niagellanicua 


4 


— 


painted 


11 


lilula 


300 


— 


niger 


37 


— 


plaintive . . 


34 


Llung 


148 


— 


Papa 


9 


— 


Pondicherry 


22 


I TUbll 


14 


— 


;crcnopteru3 


1 


— 


Secretary 


33 


I'urcurea 


365 




i6, 21, 


■24, 25 1 


— 


sociable 


20 


Vultur ^l-.gyptius 


16 


— 


plancus 


34 


— 


swarthy 


37 


— albus 

— ambustU3 


25; 

27: 


— 


ponticerianus 
pygargus 


22 

74!: 


— 


tawny 
white-runipfcd 


27 
8 


— Angolensis . . 


21 ' 


— 


sacra 


11 


— 


white-tailed 


11 


— Arabicus 


30 ' 


— 


serpentarius 


38 


>~. 


white-winged 


8 


— atratus 

— audax 


14 
33 


— Urubu 
Vulture, Abyssinian 


14 
31 


Wapacuthu . . 
VVee-a-rara . . 


330 
231 


— Aura 


12 


— 


i^gyptian 


16 


Wowo- 


wiwi 


353 


— aureus 


so! 

I 


— 


Alpine 


16 1 


Wuru- 


rawa 


165 


— ■ auricularis 
— Boeticus 


20 j 
36; 


I 


Angola 
Arabian 


21 
30 


Zwcrg 


Euie 
falk 


369 
133 



V'; 
1 



sr 



0- 



' . \! 

i 

I' H 

:| 



in 






.# 



VOLIME II. 



'4i 

I 

1 



/'up I 
Abba Giiniba .. 31!) 

Aciislii . . 10(; 

Ajum-cotingti .. l.'J4 

Ajuru-eui'im 'i^'.), '241 

Aniazoni' a tctt blaiiclio l^o 

— .. jaunr 23* 

— jaunc . . '255 
Aiupclis (loi'so grisco II 
Anaca . . . . '2'<S 
Ani . . 33li, 33y 
Anno . . 33(; 
Aoui'ou-couraou JUG, 239 

'241, 24': 
Ara bleu . . 107 

— Biazilicnsis 102, 1 12 
Aracari 2&G, 290, 291 

— a bee noir . . 293 

— bleu .. 293 
Ara gris a trompe 199 

— Jainaicensis . . 104 

— Macao . . . , 102 

— Marucana . . 112 

— militaire . . 10(> 

— noir . . 110, 198 
Aiaiauna . . 107, 1 10 
Ara rouge petit . . 104 
Aribaya .. .. 192 
Aiimanon . . . . 189 
Avii Coclio . . 14G, 27S 

— Paradis. orientalis 140 
Bari/.a .. .. 221 
Batara . . 76, 77. 78 
Becarde . . 52, 85 
Bee de fer . . . . 97 
Beef-eater . . 334, 335 
Bennong . . 68 







f'»/f 


1 


I'.f:. 


I'cniaveo 


83 


Butchi.r-biiii, I'ork-t; 


liKd <I)i 


Blark bird, razor-billed 
Bobo!iun 


33G 
323 


, 


r f. 


^icait 
lesser 


1 iJ 
II 


Boeretiniiting 


170 


1 


:>(• 




Boulbu 


ul 


48 


Cabecoti; 


55 


! Bout (It 


■ Pctun 


33ti 


, Cacalulotl 


33(; 


Brae 




305 


, Cacatua '203, 


'204, '207 


Brubru 


. • • • 


30 


Cagao 


309 


Bruia 


• • 


47 


Caica Barrabanil 


'257 


Buccros Abysainicus 


319 


' C'aluo i'l bee bianc 


31G 


— 


Africanus 


305 


— . . cisclu 


321, 3'22 


'' — 


albus 


331 


— . . rouge 


329 


— 


galcatus 


307 


— a cascjue concave 309 


— 


ginginianus 


314 


— . . en croissant 3o:i 


1 


griscus 


318 


— . . festoni. 


.i'l'.; 


1 __ 


Hydroeorax 


310 


•— . . pat 


311 


1 — 


Malabaricus 




— ■ . . rond 


307 


! 


3 11, 31':, 313 


31G j 


— Annuaire 


323 


, — 


Manillenis 


322 


— Avis . . 


30s 


— 


nasutus 32S 


329 


— taronculc 


31;i 


i — 


obscurus 


3'23 ! 


— couronnc 


. 327 


— 


Orientalis 


325 


— d'Abysainie 


319 


— 


Panayensis 


321 j 


— 'I'Afrique 


303, 30 i 


— 


plieatus 


323' 


— de Coromandel 


313 


— 


Rhinoceros 


304 


— Gingi 


314 


— 


ruber 


332 : 


— des Moluques 


310 


— 


viridis 


218^ 


— des Philippines 


312 


— 


undulatus 


323 


— Gingala 


332 


' Buferol 


a 


14 


— Javan . . 


3'23 


! Bujung 


a . . 58, G' 


2,63 


— longibande 


32(; 


Bulbul 


4 


1, 42 


— Malabar 


31G 


Bungradja 


58 


— Manille 


322 


Bupbaga 


334 


— nasique 


. 328 


Butcher-bird, another sort 14 


— roux 


310 


Butcher-bird, black and 




— violet 


318 


w hite 


78 j 


— Unicorne 


3U, 312 




■■,' 



VOLUMI-: n. 







P(ii:e 




/'as f 






/'«.t.' 


Calao VVaigiou 


r.23 


Co\v.kee-(iuan 


42 


Edolius Malabarici.s 


r.7 


C'alicalic 


• • 


47 


Creature, blue-headed 


249 


Erkoom . 


Vbba gumba 320, 329 


Cauindc 


. . 


107 


— yellow-headed 


214 


Faico congener 


5, 11 


Castrica 


la'.ombina 


5 


Crik, Criq 195, 'iiO 


247 


Kalconett 


i 


;t 


Cat'.iai'inr 


241 


,249 


— ii faev bleue 


247 


Kerlotta beretino 


5 


Cawnno)' 


ih . . 


44 


— a gorge jaune 


244 


— bianca 


11 


Channel-bill 


300 


— i'l tele bleue 


249, 


— rossa 


i; 


Charah 


• • • • 


51 


— 11 Icte violette 


227 


Fingah 




<;() 


Clieiry-deanisli 


313 


1 — rouge & bleu 


232 


Finkenbeisscr 


11 


Cheuta 


. • 


39 


I Crotophasra 


318 ' 


Fiscal 


• . 


22 


Chiiii)i|)i 


. . 


192 


j Crow, chattering 


33« 


Flycatcher, tyrant 


91 


Choucas dcs Philippines 


01 


1 — Ives's 


329 1 


Geoffrey 


• • • 


2S 


Chuka-teynta 


13 


1 — Philii)pine 


CI , 


Gobe-niouf ;,c de la Caro 




Cocliicat 


. * . . 


287 


Crown-bird, from Mexico 343 


line 


■ • • ■ 


92 


Cochitonacatl 


2S7 


Cubia 


31 


Gocrcagang 


301 


Cncho 


• • • • 


249 


] Cuckow, Paradise . . 


57 


Goge 




323 


Cockatoo 


, Banksian 109 


202 


— royal 


341 ' 


Gonolek 


■ • 


19 


— 


black 


198 


— Touraco , . 


343 , 


Gonzalo 


• t t • 


103 


— 


brocd-cicstcd 


203 


Cuculus '^uineensis 


343 


Goolingnang 


13.'- 


— 


Cook's 


201 


j — Paradiseua 


57 


Grigio 


> . 


290 


— 


crested 205 


,20C 


— Persa 


343 , 


Guacamayo bleu 


109 


— 


crimson-tailed 


201 


Cuiriri 


83 I 


— 


rouure 


102 


— 


crowned 


19S 


i Curica 


237 i 


Guira (.uaianumbi 


2y() 


— 


funereal 


202 


[ Dagnousse 


12 1 


Guirarou 


. . 


so 


— 


grey 


199 


Diiiiegas 


11 ! 


(luiroba 


. . 


146 


— 


Guiana 


198 


D -tingue u tete noire 


85 : 


Hochicat 


, . , , 


288 


— 


long-nosed 


205 


Doodea 


S 


Hornbill, 


Abyssinian 


319 


— 


ved-crcsted 


204 


Dorndreher 


14 


— 


African 


305 


— 


red-vented 


204 


Dourra 


159 i 


— 


Angola 


326 


— 


rose-coloured 


207 


Drongear 


61 1 


— 


anomalous 


300 


— 


Solander's 


201 


Drongo 57, 59; 'iO, 6 


63 


— 


bifid-casqued 


30H 


— 


sulphur-crested 205 


— bronze 


63 


— 


bifronted 


308 


— 


white, great 


203 


Drongolong 


62 


— 


black-billed 


328 


CoUurio Madagascariensis 


52 


Drongo nioustache 


64 1 


— 


Bontia- 


310 


— varius 


! 


Drongri 


64 


— 


Ceylon 


332 


tonus Balicassius 


61 


Drongup 


61 


— 


concave 


309 


— Indicus nontii 


310 


Dubble-bek 


305 


— 


crescent 


305 


— torquatus 


310 


Diinais 


316 


— 


crimson 


332 


Cotinga cinerea 


80 


Dymludi 


330 


— 


crowned 


327 


Cotorra 


* . •• 


192 


Ecorcheur .. 11,69 


— 


flat-crowned 


311 


Coucou i\ longs brins 


57 


Edolius cinerareus 


59 


— 


furrowed 


321 


Coulacissi 


• • • • 


2GG 


— forficat.ts 


59 


— 


galeated 


307 



ilill 1^ 






11 

i: 

CO 

11 

91 

)- 
O'J 
301 
323 

ly 

103 
13.^ 
20O 

loy 
102 
296 
80 
146 
288 
319 
305 
3<l(i 
300 
30H 
308 

328 

310 

33S 

809 

306 . 

332 

327 

311 

321 

307 











VOLUMK II 














Page 


Karr. 




Patfe 






Page 


Horn-bil 


1 Gingi 


314 


It 


. 202 


Lanius Cubla 


30 


. — 


green-winged 


3 '.8 


■ 1 Karro-bee-rang 


53 


— 


curvirostris 


52 


— 


grey 


318 


Kaun 


durau 


42 


I — 


doliatus 


78 


— 


helmet 


307 


! Keel-bill 


338 


— 


Dominicanus 


49, 91 


~ 


Javan 


323 


jKegh 


e, Kere 


. 173 


— 


Drongo 


57, 59 


— 


indented 


323 


1 Klinglingang 


317 


— 


( -bius 


25 


— 


Indian 310,315 


Korc 


3bo 


339 


— 


Enieria 


45 


— 


Manilla . . 


322 


Koulik 


291 


— 


erectus 


68 


— 


Narakarac 


32G 


Kwakwarra 78 


, 79, 89 


— 


erythrupienis 


24 


— 


New Holland 


325 


Kyra 


•teynta 


9 


— 


excubitor 


5 


— 


Panayan 


32 i 


Lahtora S, 9 


, )4, 37 


— • 


ferrugineus 


34, 86 


— 


Phili])pine 


309 


Lang 


■ayen 


47.49 


— 


flavigaster 


74 


— 


Pied 312,313 


,316 


Lanius aeruginosus . . 


11 


— 


forficatus 


5'.* 


— 


psittaccous 


300 




Afer 


25 


— 


frontat«s 


72 


— 


red -billed 


320 


— 


albus 


49 


— 


Guiancnsis 


90 


— 


Rliinoceros 


304 


— 


Auicricanus 


82 


— 


gutturalis 


2t; 


— 


ridged 


325 


— 


Antiguanus 


51 


— 


jocosus 


u 


— 


Senegal 328 


,329 


— 


ardosiacus 


81 


— 


Ilalicus 


16 


_,, 


striped-tailed 


326 


— 


arundinum 


13 


— 


leucocephalus 


48 


— 


violaceous 


318 


— 


atricapillus 


76 


— 


leucorynchos 


49 


— 


Unicorn 


316 


j — 


aurantius 


95 


— 


Leverianus 


94 


— 


white 


331 


1 


barbarus 


19 


— 


lineatus 


79 


— 


white-beaked 


316 


1 


Bengali cauda 


bi- 


— 


Lucioncnsis 


55 


— 


wreathed 


323 




furca 


60 


— 


Ludovicianus 


S2 


— 


yellow-billed 


331 


— 


Bengal, luscus 


45 


— 


Madagascatiensis 


Hyirocorax Inciicus 


304 


— 


rufus 


50 






46, 48 




Philippensis 


309 


— 


Bentet 


54 


— 


Malabaricus 


57 




Sen. nielanor 


328 


— 


borealis 


10 


— 


Mn.nillensis 


49 


Houtou, ou Motmot 


296 


— 


Boulboul 


48 


— 


melanocephalus 66 


Jaco 


. . 


208 


— 


brachyurus 


18 


— 


raeridionalis 


8 


.laseuse 


• * t • 


2-6 


— 


Brubru 


30 


— 


minor 


16 


Joiigrang 


. . 


305 


~ 


ca:rulcscen.s 


60 


— 


cinerascens 14 


Ispidoe, seu Meropi afRnis 


296 


— 


Canadensis 


87 


— 


mystaceus 


75 


Itiki 


. . 


84 


~ 


Cap. B. Spei 


22 


— 


naevius 


77 


Juru 


. . 


247 


— 


Carol! nensis 


10, 92 


— 


nengeta 


80 


Kakatoes 


a ailes & queue 




— 


castaneus 


55 


— 


niger 


94 




rou3ses 


207 : 


— 


"auda bifurca 


66 


— 


Nootka 


96 


— 


11 bee couleur 




— 


Cayanensis 


78,85 


— 


obscurus 


36 




de Chair 


204 


— 


collaris 


22 


— 


oliv^ceus 


27 


— 


it huppe blanche 203 ! 


— 


Collurio 


11 


— 


pacificus 


71 


— 


.1 huppe jaune 


206 , 


— 


corvinua 


56 


—. 


panayeusis 


50 


— 


Orientalis 


206 1 


— 


cristatus 


50 


-- 


pendens 


35 



i 



1. .!'■ 











VOLUML II 








/ 


*li • 1 








/'„ii. 


Lanius 


phocnicui'us 


17 


Lori ecaillc- . . 




129 


— 


picaliH 


94 


— 


noir 




139 


— 


pileatus 


77 


— 


I'apou . . 


, 


125 


— 


Pitangiia 


S3 


— 


Paragiian 


, 


232 


— 


plumatus; 


28 


— ■ 


jicrroquet i'l collier 


225 j 


— 


poliociphalus 


39 


— 


jierruehe 


ISO 


140 


— 


pomeranus 


14 


— 


rouge 


127, 


128 


— 


porpliyrocephalus 


39 


— 


petit 




140 


— 


punctatus 


77 


— 


violet & rouge 




128 


— 


lobustus 


fi7 


Lori 


us Amboinensis 




229 


— 


ruber 


89 


— 


Braziliensis 




232 


— 


lubiginobUa 


SO 


— 


Ceramensis 




224 


— 


lufus 11,14 


,40 


— 


orient. Indiciit 


1 


225 


— 


nitilus 


H 


— 


Philippensis 




228 


— 


Schach 


05 1 




torcjuatiis 




22(i 


— 


Sciii'giiius 19 


,23 


Lory 


, beautiful 


, 


132 


— 


septentiioualis 


95 


— 


black . . 




139 


— 


biiimciisis 


5?; 


— 


blaek-eappetl 


•2*25, 


228 


— 


>ignatus 


25 i 

1 


— 


bluc-eappcd 




22G 


— 


S>ilcns 


38 


— 


blue-fringed 




227 


— 


btiialus 


78 


— 


blue-necked 




ISC 


— 


sulphiiralus 


84 


— 


blue-tailed 




227 


— 


supei'bus 


97 


1 


Bornean 




127 


— 


superciliosus 


36 


1 


Cerani . . 




224 I 


— 


Tabuensis 


73 


, — 


crimson 




229 1 


— 


torquatus 


70 


j — 


grantl 


. , 


230 ' 


— 


tyrannus 


91 


1 

i — ^ 


Gueby 




134 ; 


— 


varius 


00 


i — 


Jay-winged 




130 


— 


viridis 


47 


1 "^ 


Indian 




128 


Laurev 


from the Brazils 




— 


long-tailed, scarlet 


127 




225, 


22C 


— 


Molucca 


129 


,229 


Lelibcrry 


ICO 


— 


noira , . 




225 


Lindo 


vert, ii front roux 


90 


— 


Papuan 




125 


Locri 


125, 


330 


1 "" 


Paraguan 




232 


Loggc 


'head 


11 




Parrakeet 




140 


Loi i ;i 


franges bleues 


227 


— 


purple-cappetl 




225 


— crainoisi 


239 


•— 


Rajah 




220' 


— (Ic 


Gilolo 


129 


— 


red 




229 


— (le Gueby 


134 


— 


Rhadia 




220 


— lie la nouv. Guinee 


139 


— 


rouge & violet 




134 


— lies Indee i\ collier 




— 


scaly 




129 




925, 


9&6 


— 


scarlet 




225 



Lory, Seban . . 125 

— unicolor , . 227 

— variegated . , 137 

— violet . . 135 

— yellow-breasted 231 
Loxia Mi.dagascarina 40 
Maccaw, black . . 110 

— blue . . 108 

— blue and yellow 107 

— bliie-ci owned 113 

— green Brazilian 112 

— green, great 100 

— hyacinthine H)'.) 

— military 100 

— Parrot .. 110 

— Patagonian lu5 

— red and blue 102 

— red and yellow 107 

— red, yel. & blue 104 

— scarlet 102, 104 
Machao ,. .. 110 
Madana, Madaria . . 102 
Maipouri . . . . 250 
Maitacca .. .. 221 
Makavouanna .. 110 
Maracana 112, 113, 210 

a front rouge 178 

ii tito rouge 181, 250 

uux ailes jaunes 107 

fardc ., 100 

vert . . 155 

Mascarin . . . . 213 

Merle petit huppe ,. 41 
Merula Sinensis cristata 41 
Merula: congener . . 1 1 

IMoniotus . . 290, 297 

Monedula Philippensis 61 

toto nigra 330 

Motmot 290, 297, 299 

Munnungowry . . 162 

Muscicapa Emeria . . 45 

— — Madag. crista! a 59 



!|i.; 






'M 





vir, 




'i'-zr 




137 




i;5r> 




'23 1 




40- 




no 




108 


V 


107 




1 13 


n 


ll'> 




10« 




h>'.> 




lOfi 




no 




105 




10-2 




107 


le 


104 


n, 


10-1 




HO 




1(J2 




'25(; 




221 




110 


13, 


■210 




17>S 


81 


,250 


es 


icr 




lOf) 




155 




'213 




41 




41 




11 


)«, 


2<)7 




61 




33r> 


)7, 


209 




1«2 




45 


a(a 59 



•^ 










VOLUME II. 












/',-,!.., 




/'.'.'.■v 




Piiur 




Miisui) 


laiiii ;M 


, .'{43 


Parrakt't'i, brown-tVonled 


, Par 


rakcet, pygmy 194 




iMyla-teynta 


IS 




152, 153 


)l 

i' 


— red and blue 




-\uiaka 


rac 


32() 


1 _^ 


brown-throated 


j 


headed 151 


*V^' 


Masutus simpliciter 


28(> 




153 


1 


— red-hooded 136 




Ncinei 


. . 


84 


— 


butl'-frontcd 152 


! 


— red-rumjKjd 265 


'i 


Nenda) 


' 


258 


— 


Cayenne 276 


[ 


— red-shouldered 17(; 




Neuntoilcr 


7,14 


— 


cliestnut-crowned 


1 
1 


— red- winged 171 




Nutliatch, Chinese 


43 




268 


1 

i 


— ring 159 




Oliva 


. . 


27 


— 


Cliiripepe 191 




— .. double 161 




Opretlius Afiicanus 


343 


— 


cellared 270 




— . . rose-headed 




Oxpccker 


334 


— 


crested 174 


1 


164 




Papega 


a bandeau rouge 


254 


— 


crest ; Mexican 


j 

j 


— rose- ringed 160 




— 


a ti'te aurore 


148 




278 




— sanguine 177 




— 


a ti te & gorge 




— 


crested red 141 


1 


— sapphire-crowned 






bleue 


221 


— 


crested red and 




266 




— 


a ventre pourpre 


230- 




grceu 277 




— scaly-breasted 169 




— 


bi'uu 


223 


— 


crimson-crowned 


1 


— short-tailed 274 




— 


de Paradis 


255 




184 




— VanDiemeu's 130 




— 


maille 


215 


— 


double-ringed 161 




— variegated 140 




— 


violet 


222 


— 


gold-crowned 178 


i 


— virescent 274 




— 


Uschgraver 


208 


— 


gold-lieaded 277 




— wave-breaated 168 




Pappagt 


llo . . 


224 


— 


gold- winged 261 




— wave-headed 169 




Parrakeet, Abyssinian 


187 


— 


green 276 




— whiskered 163 




— 


Alexandrine 


159 


— 


grey-breasted 172 




— widow 192 




— 


bearded 


163 j 


— 


Guinea 261 




— Wilson's 170 




— 


Bengal 


164 \ 


— 


Jaguilma l.,4 




yellow-collared 166 




— 


biniacuiated 


163 




laced-winged 157 i 




— yellow-throated 




— 


black-spotted 137 \ 




long-billed 171 




275 




— 


black-winged 


270 


— 


long-tailed 




— yellow-winged 167 


r 


-— 


blossom-headed 




greoii 153 


Pari 


ot, agde .. 195 






1G4, 


165 1 


— 


Lory 1 40 




Amazon's 237, 239 




— 


blue and green 


— 


Luzonian 27 1 




350 






273, 


278 


— 


Malacca 165 




Amber . . 952 




— 


blue-banded 


188 


— 


Mustachoe 162 


— 


Auiboiua 118,234 




— 


blue-collared 


161 


— 


orange-winged 193 , 


—• 


Angola, yellow 142 




— 


blue-crested 


190 


— 


Otaheite 18 


— 


Aourou . . a42 




— 


blue-faced 


271 


— 


pale 145 


— 


ash-brown 214 




— 


blue-winged 


273 


— 


peregrine 193 


— 


ash-coloured 208 




— 


Uontius's 


141 


— 


Phigy lyo 




crowned . . 236 




— 


13ornean 


165 


— 


Philippine 26t, 




fronted . . 333 




— 


bracelet 


161 


— 


puriile-ringed 161 , 


— 


Asiatic . . 264 










— 


purple-tailed 2<iS 1 


— 


Auroru 195, 365 



I 



'.,t 
■:ji: 

■: if 



nl" 











VOLUME II. 














Page 






PaL.c 






I'i'gf 


Parrot, autumnal 


148 


Parrot, crimson-banded 


254 


Parrot, meally green 


247 


— 


lijure-bellied 


197 


— 


crimson-crowned 184 


— 


Mexican yellow 


146 


— 


32 ure -headed 


VZO 


— 


crimson-fronted 


181 


— 


mitred 


262 


— 


bandei^ 


115 


— 


crimson-vented 


150 


— 


modest 


197 


— 


Barbadocs 


'238 


— 


crimson-winged 


252 


— 


New Caledonian 


173 


— 


Barnard's 


1^1 


: 


Cuba 


255 


— 


New Guinea green 25 1 


— 


Bauer's 


120 


( 


damask 


211 


— 


new species 


262 


— 


black 


212 


I 


dubious 


158 


— 


noble 


111 


— 


black-crowned 


12:. 


i 


Du Fresne's 


251 


— 


nonpareil 


138 


— 


black-necked 


158 


1 


tiusky 222 


,223 


— 


Nooffy 


278 


— 


black-shouldered 


253 




Eastern 


251 


— 


obscure 


111 


— 


blue-backed 


!272 





emertdd 


151 


*"" 


orangc-beilied 


IS6 


— 


blue-bellied 123 


, 124 





festive 


252 


— 


orange-breasted 


Vii 


— 


blue-breasted 


229 





frir illaceous 


220 


— 


orange-headed 


14ii 


— 


blue-capped 


234 





Gerini's 


230 


— 


pacific 179 180 


, 181 


— 


blue-cheeked 


252 


— 


Gingi 


113 


— 


palm 


193 


— 


blue-faced 


249 


— 


golden 


145 


— 


Paradise 


255 


— 


blue-fronted 


247 


— 


gold-winged 


261 


— 


party-billed 


231 


— 


blue- green 


278 1 


— 


great-billed 


157 


— 


passerine 


273 


— 


blue-headed 119 


—21 


— 


green 154 


, 195 


— 


Pavouanc 


155 


— 


blue-rumpeci 


263 




239 


241 


— 


Pennantian 


131 


— 


blue-topped 


241 


— 


green and red 


233 




Philippine 


266 


— 


blue-winged 


273 


— 


grey-headed 


2G9 




pileated 


250 


— 


Brazilian green 


249 


— 


grisled 


234 


— 


Pompadour 


115 


— 


yellow 


146 

1 


— 


ground 


137 


— 


prasinc 


187 


— 


Brown's 139 


,214 


— 


Gu!- 


106 


— 


purple 


224 


— 


Buenos Ayres 


1S4 





Havanna 


247 


— 


purple-tailed 


268 


— 


buff-crowned 


106 


. — 


hawk-headed 


215 


— 


racket-i ailed 


167 


— 


Cape 


273 j 





hooded 


257 


— 


red and blue 


232 


— 


Carolina 


147 





horned 


172 


— 


red and green 


264 


— 


chestnut-crowned 268 





Jamaica 240, 


260 


— 


red and white 


207 


— 


Chili 


220 





Japonesc 


114 


— 


red & white faced 


249 


— 


:hlorotic 


144 i 


— 


Javan 


122 


— 


red-banded . . 


254 


— 


cinereous 


210 

1 





Illinois 


148 


— 


red-bar 


195 


— 


Cochin-china 


231 ! 


— 


Jonquil 


143 


— 


red-breasted 


122 


— 


coffee-backed 


262 





Leona 


263 


— 


red -crowned 


218 


— 


counterfeit 


243 





Levaillant's 


211 


— 


red- faced 


183 


— 


cowled 


259 i 





lineated 


178 


— 


red-fronted 


260 


— • 


crested 


206 





Madagascar 


212, 


— 


red-headed 250 


261 


— 


crimson and blue 




— 


mailed 


215 


— 


red -hooded 


126 




collared 


217 





main 


240' 


— 


red-masked 


183 


— 


crimson & yellow 


143 ' 


— 


mascarine . , 


313 i' 


— 


red-naped . . 


264 



It i ;, 



W:; 



:# 



I'lige 

247 

V 14« 

202 

1!»7 

n 173 

een 25 1 

262 

111 

138 

278 

111 

i 143 

BO, 181 
193 
235 
231 
273 
155 
131 
266 
250 
115 
187 
224 
208 
167 
232 
264 
207 
d 249 
254 
195 
122 
21S 
183 
260 
iO,261 
126 
183 
264 



VOLUMi: 11. 



■;5: 



Fanot, red-rumped 174, 265 

— red-sided . . 233 

— red-shouldered 176 

— red-throated 260 

— red-topped 182 

— robust .. 219 

— rose-fronted 186 

— Ruse-hill . . 139 

— rubescent .. 2i!) 

— rutf-necked 21 ; 

— sapphire-crowned 266 

— scarlet and green 110 

— scarlet-breasted 121 

— Senegal . . 258 

— small .. 194 

— Society . . 175 

— solitary . . 190 

— Sosovc . . 276 

— Southern brown 211 

— Sparrow .. 22i) 

— spotted . . 197 

— sulphur-headed 133 

— Tabuan 115, 110, 117 

— Theca'i ., 216 

— turcosine . . 185 

— Van Diemen's 130 

— varied 182,219 
— . . winged 150 

— Vasa .. 213 

— vernal . . 265 

— undulated . . 179 

— white-breasted 250 

— white-collared 177 

— white-crowned 230 1 

— white-fronted 235 ■ 

— white-headed 235 

— yellow-cheeked 

183,246 

— yellow-crowned 237 

— yellow-faced 148 

— yellow-fronted 242 

— yellow-headed l-'2,236 



/'rtu 



Parrot, yellow Maccaw 144 
— yellow-should cd 244 



yellow-winged 
Zoned 



Pat agon 
Pavouane 
Pendeur 
Perriche 



224 i| 
116 
105 
156 
35 
167 
151 
152 



147 
178 
159 



ailes varices 

— ;i front rouge 
-— i\ gorge blanc 

— Ara 110, 155 

— a tache souci 107 

— ii tcte jaune 

— couronnt';e d'or 
Perrocello 
Perroquct a caniail bleu 

221, 222 

— a face re uge 235 

— - franges souci 211 

— - front l)lanc 235 

— - front bleu 234 

— - Joues bleues 249 

— Amazone 239 

— a tt-te jaune 237 

— ii tite grise 258 

— cendr^ 208 

— Criqde Cayenne 240 

— de la nouv. GuiniJe 

157 

— d'or .. 145 

— Du Fresne 251 

— Gcoffroy 183 

— Grand de la nouv, 

Guinee 251 

— jaune 

— Langlois 

— Lori noira 

— nain 

— noir 

— petit 

— vert a tt'te bleue 234 

— vert & rouge 937 

D 



455 
204 
224 
273 
212 
195 



Viif, I 
Perroquct vert de la Chine 233 

— violet 135, 222 
Perruche k ailes chamarecs 

157 

— a ailes d'or 101 

— - ailes rouges 1 13 

— - bandeau noir 125 



- bandeau roug 





115 


, Ihl 


- bee de Sang 


157 


- collier 110 


, 159 




201 


- collier jaune 


100 


- collier noir 


164 


- double Collier 


Kil 


- epaulettesjaunes 




120 


- face bleue 


122 


- face rouge 


194 


- front jaune 


148 




152 


- gorge rouge 


171 


- gorge tachetce 108 


huppee 


141 


a Joues grises 


172 


- large Queue 


131 


- nuque & Joues 


rouges 


165 


- pointrine rose 


162 


- tete bleue 119 


260 


bleue de 




Perou 


206 


d'Azur 


120 


. . grise 


269 


noire 


257 


rose 


164 


., rouge 


261 


Ara Guaroba 


146 


de Batavia 


870 


de ia Caroline 


148 


de Luzon . . 


150 


de Malabar 


164 






I!* 

i;;t 



r ,!i 



IVrnitlioclos Inilcs 128 

— (los Molnqucs IVi 

— (li's Fliilij)|>iucs 26'5 i 

— (k'ri tum-s Magol, 151 

— ccarlate . . 127 

— Kdwards .. 185 

— iMiifiaude 151 

— I'liilytutali 164 

— graiidc (le la Chine 

234 I 

— lui]i|iLe 

— jaune 
' — .Tavane 

— inuambi 

— Luliam 

— longs biins 

— I.ori (It's Indss 

— Loi'i rouge 

— ;'i Moustaches 

— omnicolore 

— lietite ;'i ColliiT 

— jielite a gorge 

jaune 

— jictite (Ic Luzon 

2fi(;, 271 

— ])etite de Taiti 

— petite du Cap 

— ))etitc \ci'te 

— I'iiigi 

— souris 

— S])arrnian 

— vcrie & rouge 



141 
142 
270 
137 
17G 
105 
740 
127 
162 
138 
270 

275 



189 
273 
167 
190 
172 
189 
114 



Pica Biazilica 



281,286 



— Americana cristata 
Pic-Ba:ur 
I^ie Brazilian 
Fie-grie-che Blanchot 
l)lcue 



91 
334 
284 
20 
46 
51 
85 



d'Antiguc 
de Cayenne 
delaLouisiane84 
de Luzon 49 



VOLUME 11. 

/'ne (■ 

Pie-gric3che de Madag. 46,47 

de Manille 49 

•^-^ Doniinicaine 49 

du Caj). de IJ. 

Esperance 22 
— - du Senegal 19 

grande 48, 56 

■ grise 5, 23 

■ huppee de Canada 

87 

nieridionale 8 

Perrin 20 

rouge 11 plastron 

blanc 75 

— — rouge dePanay 50 

- rousse ] 1 

14, 16, 40 

silentieuse 38 

94 
S3 

341, 343 

83 

296 

153 

118 



Psittacus (estivus 
— agilis 



Pie Pic-griesche 
Pitangua guacu 
Plantain-'iater 
Platyrinque . . 
Prionites Motmot 
Psittaca 
— Amboinensia 



— Amboinensis vaiia 122 

— Braziliensis lut. 142 

— Carolinensis 147 

— cristata . . 277 

— Ginginiana 113 

— Javcnsis coccinea 141 

— Illiniaca .. 148 

— Indica 146, 161, 171 

— Indica coccinea 128 

— Lucionensis 157 

— Mexicana lutea 146 

— torquata 161, 106, 167 
Psittaco congener 336 
PsittacwlaMalaccensis 266 
Psittacus accipitrinus 215 

— adscitus 252 

— a;ruginosus 152 



239 

195 

albifrons . . 236 
alb\is galeritus 2(W> 
Alexandri 120, 159 
alis deauratis 20' 1 
Amazonicus 237, 239 
Aniazonicus gut- 

tureluteo 244 

Amazonicus varius 

241 
Amboinensis 118 

122 
Anaca .. 268 

Angolensis lutea 142 
aprilicr.s ,. 199 
aqudrum Lupiarum 
154,217 



Aracanga 

Ararauna 

Aaiaticus 

ater 

atcrrimus 



104 
107 
264 
110 
198 



atiicapillu* 125, 256 
atropurpurcus 115 
august us 






aurantius 

aiueus 

Aurora 

australis 

autumnalis 

Banksii 

Barbadensis 

barbatus 

Batavensis 

Baueri 

Bengalenais 

bimacuhitus 

bisetis 

Bontii 

Borncus 



109 
142 
178 
Cj5 

181,211 
248 

199, 201 
238 
163 
252 
120 
164 
163 
172 
141 

127, 165 



— Brazil, 178,249,276 



•'»: 
,'<^ 



^v 



230 
lf)5 
23 « 
s 2(W) 
20, 15!) 
2«1 

n, 23 n 

ut- 
244 

trius 
241 
118 
122 
2C8 

ea 142 
199 

irum 

4,217 
104 
107 
204 
110 
IDS 

), 25G 
115 
109 
142 



••\ 










VOLUMli II. 




V j' 






Pane ■ 




/',v<- 




I'sittacus Brazil, cyanoc. 


241 Psittacus eritlmcus 


208 




— . 


erythroceph. 


j 


erythroceplialiis 










250 




1G4 


, 2G0 




— 


fionte I 


ubra 
151 


— 


erythrochlorus 
114 


,177 


• 


— 


. . fuscus 


2Gb 


— 


erytiiroleucos 


207 




— 


BiowDi' 


139 


— 


crythroptcrus 


253 




— 


ca;iuleo, ephalus 232 


— 


eryiiiropygius 


150 




— 


coeiuleo-luteus 


108 




Eupatria 


113 




— 


Caica 


257 




eximius 


138 




— 


Caledonicus 


173 


— 


ftistivus 


253 




— 


canicularis 


151 - 


flavigaster 


130 j 




— 


canus 


2G9 — 


flavus 


14GJ 




— 


Capensis 


273 1 — i 


formosus 


137 i 




— 


Capite cocrulco 


174 : — 


fringiliarius 


220; 




— 


Cai'ulinensis 


147 |i - 


fronte alba 


235 




— 


Caypnensis 167 


, 195 


— 


funereus 


202, 




— 


cer»icali:i 


2G4 




fuscus 


214' 




— 


chora;us 


220 


— 


gaieatus 


218 




— 


chrysogaster 


18G 


— 


gaiciitus 205 


, 20G 




— 


chrysopterus 


2G1 


1 


Galgulus . . 


266 




— 


cinereus 208 


,210 


— 


Garrulus . . 


224 




— 


coccineus 127 


,128 


— 


Gerini 


236; 




— 


Cochinsinensis 


231 


— 


GigES 


198^ 




— 


collaiJus 


2C0 


— 


Ginginianus 


1G4 




— 


concinnus 


181 


— 


gloriosus . . 


131 




— 


Cookii 


201 




gramineus 


234: 




— 


cornutus . . 


172 


— 


grandis 


230 




— 


curonatus 


198 


— 


Guarouba 


146 , 


■■; 


— 


cristatus 


S03 


— 


Guebiensis 


134 j 




^ 


croceus 


142 


— 


Guianensis 154 


155 




— 


cubicularis 


159 1 


— 


Guianensis caeruleus 




— 


cyaneus 


189 






232 : 


4 


— 


cyanocephalus 


119, 


— 


Guianensis cyano- 


1 


— 


cyanogaster 


197 




ceph. 


221 :i 


i 


— 


cyanolyseos 


21C 


— 


Guineensis 203, 


231 :' 


t-'- 


— 


discolor 


17G, 






261 : 




— 


Dotnicella 


225 1 


— 


giUture luteo 


275: 


i 


— 


Dorainicensis 


254 


— 


gutture rubro 


235 , 


*."*' 


— 


du1)ius 


158 


— 


ha;aiatodus 


122 i 


s 


— 


elegans 


132 


— 


Havanensis 


247 ; 


f 


— 


elegans Clusii 


215 


— 


hyacintliinus 


109 










d2 




$ 















151 

24G, 2G0 
135 
114 

122, 141 

■2" 

. . KS3 

. . 1 12 

.. 171 

. . 27b 

120, 2G4 

"22 

211 

235 

I7.S 

J 25 



Psittacus Jaguiliiia 

— Janoaic. 

— janthinus 

— Japonicus 

— Javanicus 

— icteroccphalus 

— ictcrotis 

— Jendaya 

— incarnatiis . . 

— inccrtus 

— Indic'us 

— infuscatiis 

— Lcvaillantii 

— leucoceplialus 

— lineatus 

— Loeri 

— Lory 128, 2'2S 

— LucioiK'Dsis 239 

— Ludovicianiiii 148 

— lutcolus . . 244 

— luteus 146,244, 255 

— lutuus Cauda loiiga 

142 

— Macao . . 102 

— niaculatus fronte 

albida . . 146 

— macrorhynchos 157 

— Madagascar. 2G9 

— Makavouanna 1 1(» 

— Malaccensis 165, 2G3 

— Marginatus 156 

— Martinicanus 235 

— Mascarinus 203 

— maximus 102, 127 

— melanocephalus 256 

— melanopterus 276 

— menstruus 221 

— meridioualis 2 1 1 
Mexicanus 250, 278 

— militaris . . 106 

— minor .. 271 

— minor macrourus 153 



;l 



;..lr 



i:'l 











VOLUME II. 












PlIU f 


1 




/'"i'f 




Pllli c 


Psittacu 


s mitratus 


2G2 


Psittacus porphyui-us 


2CS 


Piittacus Tuipara . , 260 


— 


Moluccensis 


132 


1 — 


jiulchcllus 


185 


— 


variegatus 137 




1'22, '20O 


, 2'2!) 


— 


pullai'ius . . 


•iCA 


— 


varii coloris 243 


— 


multicolor I*' 


li.2 


— 


pulverulentus 


247 


— 


varius 215, 210 


— 


iiiuriinis 


172 




puniceus 


229 


— 


venustU3 .. ISO 


— 


naicissus . . 


143 





purpureus 222 


2GS 


— 


vernal is . . 265 


— 


nasicus 


205 


"~ 


pusillua 


194 


— 


versicolor 168, 232 


— 


iiasulus 


234 


i 


pu9illu3 viridia 


2 CO 


— 


verticalis . . 182 


— 


Xe.itor 


211 




l)ygnia5U3 . . 


1(;4 


— 


violaceu3 .. 217 


— 


niger 


212 


— 


liyrrhopterus 


193 


— 


vircscens 1()7 


— 


nigricollis . . 


158 


— 


lobustus 


219 


— 


viridis .. 251 


— 


nubilis 


111 


— 


lodocephalus 


lfi4 


— 


viridis malis croceis 


— 


novae Guinere 


139 


1 """ 


rosaccus 


204 




148 


— 


nova: Hispaniae 


223 


— 


ruber 129 


209 


— 


ulietanus 175 


— 


nova; HoU. I'i3 


174 


1 — 


rufirostris 


15S 


— 


undulatus \ 179 


— 


novce Zealandia; 


180 


— . 


rufus fenior. virid. | 


— 


uropygio coccineo 


— 


obscunis . . 


111 






224 




27;i 


— 


ochrocephalus 


237 


— 


scmicollaris 


177! 


— 


Zt.'alandicus 1 74 


— 


ocliropterus 


244 


— 


Senegalus 


258 


— 


Zonarius IKJ 


— 


olivaccus . . 


157 


— 


Bcverus 


112 


Puitaga 


83 


— 


oiirntalia .. 


251 


i — 


Sinensis 


233 


Pye grey 


of Brazil SO 


— 


ornatus 


140 


— 


smaragdinus 


151 


Quijubat 


ui .. 14() 


— 


Osbeckii 


122 


1 , , 


Solandri 


201 j 


Ramphastos Aracari 290 


— 


jiacilicus 


179 


— 


solitaiius 


190 1 


""^ 


coeruleus 293 


— 


liallidus 


145 


— 


solsti 


142 




dicolorus 2S2 


— 


Palmarum 


193 


— 


Sonneratii 


KJl, 


— 


dubius 294 


— 


papuensis 


125 


1 


sorchdu^ 


223 : 


"^ 


erythrorynchos 


— 


paradisi 


255 


1 — 


Sosovt, 


276 




2S5 


— 


paraguanus 


232 


1 __ 


splendidus 


131 ' 


— 


glaber 289 


— 


passerinus . . 


273 


— 


squammosiis 


169 


^^ 


Indicus 294 


— 


Ponnantii 


131 


— 


sulphureus 


206 i 


— 


luteus 293 


— 


percgrinus 


193 


— 


Tabuensi3 115 


116 


— 


Momotus 296 


— 


])8rtinax 


148 


— 


Taitianus 


189 


— 


Pavoninus 2SS 


— 


Philippensis 204 


2G6 


— 


Tarabe 


250 


— 


Picatus 286 


— 


pileatus 


250 


— 


Taranta 


187 


— 


piperivorus 291 


— 


pipilans 


190 


— 


Tirica 


276 


— 


piscivorus 2S4 


— 


plumbeus . . 


153 


— 


terrestris . . 


137 




Toco . . 281 


— 


poikiloiynchos 




— 


torquatus 


270 


. 


torquatus 287 




'237 


238 


— 


torquatus macrourus 




Tucanus 283 





pondicerianus 


IG2 






159 


— 


viridis 288 


— 


porphyrio . . 


189 


— 


Toui 


275 


Rangko 


k .. .. 305 


... 


poiphjTOCephalus 1 90 


1 - 


Tui . . . . 


277 


Raven, 


Indian 304, 323 



\ ■ 



PlliiC 

i3r 

243 

215,210 

ISO 

ic>:, 

68, 23'2 
1S2 
217 
107 
251 

:roceis 
148 
175 

\ 17!) 

cineo 
27.i 
174 

m; 

83 
80 

14fi 
290 
293 
282 
204 

chos 
2S5 
28!) 
294 
293 
20f5 
288 
286 

i 291 
284 
281 
287 
283 
288 
305 

14, 323 







I'liae 


Beilstart, Indian 


45 


Rhadia 


227 


Rhinoceros Bird 304, 305 


,308 


Rhinoster-Vogel 


305 


Roller 


IJraz. saw-billed 


'.W6 


Rouge 


-queue 


45 


Rousseau 


36 


RousscI 


88 


Sabiosicca 


197 


Sassab 


L' 


260 


Scliet-bc 


40 


Scythrops 


300 


Slirike 


, Abyssinian 


33 


— 


\fiican 


25 


— 


American 


82 


— 


Antiguan 


51 


— 


ash-crowned 


39 


— 


Barbary 


19 


— 


bare-eyed 


68 


— 


barred 


87 


— 


bay-backed 


13 


— 


Bengal 


45 


— 


Bentet 


54 


— 


Barbican 


89 


— 


black 


94 


— 


black and white 


22 


— 


black-capptd 


77 


— 


black-crested 


41 


— 


black-crowned 


82 


— 


black-eyed 


05 


— 


black-faced 


74 


— 


black-headed 


66 


— 


black-topped 


76 


— 


Blanchot 


20 


— 


blue 


46 


— 


blue-green 


66 


— 


blue-shouldered 


39 


— 


Boulboul 


48 


— 


Brazilian 


83 


— 


brimstone . . 


73 


— 


bronzed 


63 


— 


brown-streaked 


69 



I Shrike, 

I _ 



VOLUME il. 






P(ii;e 


buff-backed 


32 


buff-rumjied 


67 


Cape 


30 


Cayenne 


85 


chestnut-backed 


55 


chestnut-erowncc 


89 


Chinese 


65 


cineraceous 


59 


cinereous 


5 


clouded 


70 


collared 


22 


corvine 


58 


crested 


87 


crested-red 


50 


crowned 


69 


cruel 


35 


Dominican 


49 


Drongear 


61 


Drongri 


i-A 


dubious 


25 


dusky 


36 


erect 


68 



ferruginous-bellied 34 

fighting . . 41 

fork-tailed 60 
fork-tailed crested 59 

fi'ontal , . 72 

fulvous . . 86 

Geoffr-} a . . 28 

gloss- . . 71 

gree'i . . 47 [ 

grey . . 80 j 

grey-backed 9 

grey-headed 90 ! 

hook-billed 52 

Hottniqua 31 ' 

Indian . . 34 
Jocose 41, 43 

Keroula . . 29 

lesser-grey 16 

lineated . . 79 

loggerhead lo 







/•«..r 


1 Shrike 


, long-tailed 


62 


— 


Louisiane 


82 


1 
1 


Luzonian 


55 


{1 


Madagascar 


47 


1 


Magpie 


94 


— 


Malabar 


57 


— 


Malimbic 


'.•O 


— 


meridional 


8 


— 


Mustachoe 


75 


— 


Ne-.v Holland 


71 


— 


Nootka 


06 


— 


Northern 


95 


— 


olive 


27 


— 


orange 


95 




Pacific 


71 


— 


Panayan 


50 


— 


Philippine 


61 


__ 


Pied 


78 


— 


putl" backed 


32 


— 


purple-sided 


30 


__ 


R' jah 


G3 


— 


red 


89 


— 


red-backed 


U 


— 


red-throated 


26 


— 


ring-necked 


21 


— 


robust 


67 


— 


rufous 


■10 


— 


rufous-tailed 


« 


— 


rusty 


SG 


■— 


Senegal 


19, 23 


— 


short-tailed 


18 


— 


silent 


38 


— 


solitary 


70 


— 


South American 79 


— 


spotted 


/ 7 


— 


superb 


07 


-— 


supercilious 


36 


— 


Tabuan 


73 




tufted 


75 




tyrant 


91 


— 


varied 


13, 53 


— 


uniform 


96 






f 

I** 



Shrike, Weebong 

— whiskered . . 

— white 

— white-backed 

— white-billed 

— white-cheeked 
■ — white-eared 

— white-headed 

— white- shouldered 

— Woodchat . . 

— yellow-bellied 

— yellow browed 

Sincialo 

Siroe 

Sitta chinensis 

Siv 

Sossovt' 

Sourcirou 

isjmractes 

Spatz Indianische 

Sri-gunting 

Suiriri 

Tachet 

Tanager, grey-headed 

Tangara 

Tattanan ,, 

Tav oua 

Tcha chert , . 

Tcha chert be 

Thccau 

Tictivie 

Tier el Naciba 

Tirica parrot 



Page 
74 
fi4 
49 
32 
49 
53 
7fi 
48 
90 
14 
84 

154 

283 

43 

221 

2rG 

90 

97 

261 
60 
91 
77 
90 
94 I 
76 

252 

40,47 

48 

261 
84 

320 

276 



Titiri,Pipiri, orjQuikiri 91,93 
Tocan . . , . 290 

'lock , . 326, 329 

Toco .. .. 281 



VOLUME II. 

P„Se 

Tootaii Gustoory . , 22C 
Toucan i'l gorge jaune 282 

— a gorge blanche 283 

— Aldrovandine 286 

— a ventre rouge 286 

— black-billed 293 

— blue . . 293 

— blue-eared . . 294 

— blue-shouldered 294 

— Brazilian 284 

— collared . . 287 
— green .. 288 

— grosser . , 285 

— Janeiro . . 292 

— Indian . , 294 

— kleine . . 290 

— pavonine . . 288 

— piperine 291, 292 

— preacher . . 286 

— red-billed . . 285 

— red-beaked . . 285 

— red -breasted 282, 283 

— smooth-billed 289 

— Sarin, nigerexalbo 

&c. . . 283 1 



Pan c 

Tucana Brazil, gutt. luteo 'iS,i 

— Brazil, viridis 290 

— ccerulea . . 29.J 

— Cnyan. gutt. albo 285 

. . luteo 282 

— Cayanensis torquata 

291 

— lutca .. 293 

— Mcxicana torquata 

287 



Toco .. 281, 286 
verd du Bresil 290 , Ue-Shek-uang 
verd de Cayenne 288 | Veuve jeune 
white ,. 331 Wachter 

white-cheeked 294 Weebong 
yellow-breasted Wellat 

233, 288 Whisky-John 
yellow-throated 282 [ Woodchat 



Tui .. .. 153,277 

Tui apute juba . . 14.S 

Tuipara , . . . 26() 

Tuite . . . . 27J 

Tulltek . . . . 330 

Turdus cnronii rubr.i 91 

I Tutu . . . . 291 » 

Twiah Totah .. lui 

Tyran huppc . . 88 

Tyrannus atricapillus 7« 

— Braziliensis Ki 

— Doniinitenbia 91 
Tyrant St. Domingo 91, !W 
Vanga .. ... 62 
Vasa . . 212, 2I.'j 
Verderoux .. .. 90 

Ml 
19'i 



Touraco 

Tucai 

Tucana 



343, 344 i Wurger 

282 Xochitenacatl 
260 Yayauhquitotl 



74 
11; 

. ■ 7 

14 

., 5, I (J 

284, 288, 2!W 

297 



Brazil, gut. albo 284 Ying Mu, Ying Vos 20C 



ji.,. HI 






1' 



:-M 



I 

1 



Jteo 'Z8li 
S90 
'20:i 

ibo 285 

'Ml 
29.i 

uata 
2hr 

J3, 277 
14H 
20() 
27. ^ 
330 
<H 
2i»:) 
lUi 
feS 

7« 

H3 

IM 

!>1, !)2 

62 

2, 213 

90 

Ml 

192 

r. 

74 
117 



VOLUME III. 



Pfiite 

Abo (Ic Paraiso , . 1S2 

AcaluJ . . . , CO 
Acliuk'hiclii 105, 105 

Aclster .. .. 31 

Agabue di' terre . . 216 

Ampclis lutea .. 137 

— luteus . . 137 
Annii branco . . 319 
Ara wcraioa . . 305 
Arc en (|Uciio . . 106 
Arilea IMi-xicaiia altera 347 
Arewarcoa . . . . 306 
AssL'waka . . . . 92 
Atiiiga tyiiacu mucu 312 
A\ii anoiiyina tertia 205 

— riilibiinda . . 315 

— Tuite Anier. var. 332 
Awon-awou , , 286 
Ayo([iiantc)lol . . 121 ' 
Aziirin . . . . 63 
naltiniore . . . . 115 

— bastard 116 
Uarbet Aln.-jiniaii 238 ■ 

— austral . . 230 

— Oataviau , . 232 

— beautiful ,. 219 

— black-spotted 217 

— black-throated 236 

— blue-cheeked 223 

— buH'-faced . . 229 

— Cayenne . . 216 

— Ccylonese . . 229 

— collared . . 218 

— Daumah . . 326 

— Fichtcl's .. 326 

— genus .. 215 



[ 




Pnge 






/'„Mt 


Bai'bet Gerini's 


221 


Barbu du Senegal 


227 


— 


grand 


230 


— 


grand 


230 


— 


green 


228 Barita 


86, 195 


— 


Javan 


231 Bassunt 


224, 227 


— 


Indian 225,231 ' Behjunga 


40 


— 


greater pied 


220 1 Bentcot 


34 


1 — 


lesser pied 


220 


Besse 


ra 


46 


— 


little .. 


227 


Birkhcher 


70 


— 


red-crowned 


224 


Blackbird, Indian 


129, 174 


— 


red-fronted 


236 


Boekt 


-roe-roe 


94 


— 


spotted 


228 


Bonana bird 


114, US 


— 


spotted bellied 


215 


Bontius's starling 


145 


— 


Sutnatran 


22S 


Buua 


bove 


244 


— 


wax-billed 


232 


Boutsallik 


279 


— 


white-breasted 


219 


Bri-,ji 




88 




white-faced 


233 


Breve 


, , 


65, 67 




yellow-cheeked 


229 


— 


(le Madagascar 68 




yellow-throated 


222 


' 


!e Malabar 


69 


Barbi 


can 


234 1 — 


le Malacca 


69 




- Abyssinian 


238 Brou, 


Ijhrou 


265, 266 




- groove-billed 


234' Brunet 


100 




- smooth-billed 


235 : Bubut 


• • 


241, 255 




- varied 


237 Bucco 


Africanus 


.. 271 




- Vieillot's . . 


235 i - 


australis 


230 


Barbu 


. . 


228 — 


bidentatus 


234 


— 


a collier 


218 ' 


— 


calcaratus 


232 


— 


a gorge jaune 


22J ' — 

l| 


Capensis 


218 


— 


a gorge noire 


236 1 — 


Cayanensis 


216 


— 


a Grosbec 


220 — 


cinereus 


232 


~ 


a plastron noir 


23G : — 


collaris 


218 


— 


a poitrine noire 


220 1 


— 


dubius 


234, 235 


— 


a ventre tachetu 


215 


— 


elegans 


219 


— 


de Cayenne 


216 


— 


fuscus 


219 


— 


de Mahe 


228 


— 


Geriui 


221 


— 


de St. Doniingue 


216 


— • 


Javensis 


231 


— 


du Cap de B. Esp. 


236 


— 


Indicus 


225 






:'!«' 



Pagt 

iJiK CO Lutlianii . . 2*21) 

— iimcroi'liyni'lio!> 220 

— iiiiiMiiii'iiMi!) 210 

— int'luiioleiu'iis 220 

— lUL'vius .. 217 

— ni'ffr .. 23(j 

— purvus .. 227 

— I'liili|ipi'iisi» 222 

— riibrii a|iillu-> 224 

— I'utitVoiis ,. 23("> 

— Saltii .. 238 

— Tuiiiutia . . 215 

— viriilis .. 228 

— Zi-yloiiicus .. 229 
Jju|iiiiga .. .. 52 
liiilliiiL'li, f^reatiT .. 129 
Luh^runtiiii .. 211 
I)ui. tiller Ct)w . . 100 
l)iii,tsi>.cl)t 242, 243 
Biii'ong pupua ,. 183 
LuiraKoil .. .. 279 
I>Ut«LMl hutldii .. 225 

1iu6sunt, Botfuta .. 223 

l>U5-,iint buri . . 22^1 

Cacali)tl .. .. 7 

Cadiau .. .. IC5 

Calt:<;<m rouge , . 205 

Callfpas eiiiL'rea .. 1 

Cblylif lit' N. Giiiiit-e 195 
Capiv ,,e ,, ,, 117 

l.'apraof .. ,. 52 

Cai'dinalis fiiitcub .. 129 
Caioiige .. .. 118 

— de Cayenne 118, 119 
•— deSt.DoiTiingue 122 

— du St. Tbomus 124 
*- du Brisil .. 123 

— du Cap <leB. Esp. 

112 

— olive ,. 112 
Casse iidix .. 23 
Cassicaii 86, 87, 68, 195 



\OLUMK III. 

Casbicus liaeniiirrliiiU!, 

— leuc(ict'|ilialii» 

— leucopteius 

— luteu^i 

— nigt-r 

— ruliir 
CaK«i(|ue bruiie . . 

— Imppe df Cay, 

— jaune ., 

— LoulHiune 

— rouge .. 

— vert 
Cautkhorau 
Caxaxtotdil 
Cendrillard 
Ceiitrnpus ariinitt 

— Bubutiis 

— Gigas 

— It-piduH 
^ plinsianus 

Cluicuru 
Chapi 

Charpentier A dos blaiic 370 
— — — i'l ventre rouge 

- blane & noir 

^— — ^ brun &doro 
— — ^ des cliamps 
i vert foiice 

■ liup6cou1.de 
puille 
— — liuppe & coil 
rouges 
■ jaune 

i iiaiii 
• iioir 

— — ^— vert dore 
Chatterer, yellow 
Ctiauk 
Chauve 
Cliehey 
Cht^kitut 



I'lijie : 








Payr 


93 1 


CI 


eiiri 


* • • 


32t» 


IlOl 


C'liliirio 


ln(lii-U!» 


. 140 


110 


CI 


loclie 


• • • 


. 319 


01 


CI 


lodoc 


< 


. 231 


98 


CI 


loucari 


45 


93 


CI 


oucut 


.. 


IS 


93 




— 


chauve 


14 


94' 




— 


de la nouv. 


Guinea 


91 








44 


iiu' 




— 


des Alpes 


24 


93 




— 


iiioustaclie 


50 


95 


CI 


lougll 


Coruisli 


25 


357 


CoclioU 


te 


. 319 


102 


Coel, C 


ookil 


283 


321 


Coifl'es 


auiies 


. 120 


241 


Colarii 


, , 


77 


241 


Coliiud 


• • 


1(50 


239 


Coniniandeur 


108 


241 


Coracias 


24, 25 


240 




— 


Abyssinica 


70 


215 




— 


ACra 


81 


1(H) 




— 


albifrons 


75 


370 




— . 


cierulea 


70 


gf 




— 


Catira 


V!» 


397 




— 


Cartagenensis 104 


393 




— 


caudata 


74 


399 




— 


Cayaim 


85 


408 




— 


crinittt 


85 


401 




^~ 


uristnta 
crucirostra 


20 


373 




— 


docilis 


82 






— 


garrula 


70 


374 




— - 


linpe 


20 


402 




— 


Indica 


74 


407 




— 


Aladagascar. 79 


372 




— 


melanocep 


mla 82 


394 




— 


Rlexicana 


85 


137 




— 


nigra 


SO 


25 




— 


oriental is 


77 


14 




— 


Oriolus 


.. 135 


154 




— 


Pacilica 


. . 77 


34 




— 


pilosa 


85 



VOI.IJMK III. 



3.20 
I4(» 
31!> 
231 

lo 
IN 

u 

liliet; 

44 

•24 

5(1 

2."> 

3IU 

2B3 

120 

77 

1C(» 

lOS 

24, 25 

70 

SI 

75 

70 

;!» 

104 
74 

bi> 
65 

20 
(i 
62 
70 
20 
74 
7'J 
82 
55 
SO 



1 1 

85 











I'li^e 


< 


(HHC 


lis I'inllii 

Ml^itti.tU , 




8S 

8;ii 







Sl'|i(>,m1u . 
str('|i('rii 




75, 

87 




— 


st ii;ita 




80 







'l'il)ici'ii 




80 ; 







vii'^Ml)iiiiiIa 




20 







Villiil 


. 


80 







Xi^lltllo^nu^ 




114 




'oiiic 


nil 


IGO 


10-2 




'or;ic 


tie 




14 




'l)lilX 


I Tiici rostra 




()' 




'(lll)C 


111 '^riiiid 




4 




,'orl)l\fau 




8' 




'orne'ille 




9 




— 


It scapiil. Iili 


nclios 17 




— 


(Ic la .laiiial 


*H1L* 


57 




— 


(111 Cap 


. 


11 




— 


luaiiti'lee 




15 


c 


"onii< 


'Ilia 


, 


140 


( 


'o'.'uix 


. 


9 




— 


atra, lap. coll 
lla\is 


. .^ 


)('Ct, 

i-2(; 




— 


Call. & coll. 

iliivia 


i<c. 


120 




— 


(•(iMulea 
ciutrta 




70 
15 




— 


llava 


, 


100 




— 


1,'anula 


. 


18 




— 


i^arnila iiiyra 




57 




— 


Jaiimiceiisis 




57 




— 


iiii^ia 


. 


57 




z 


parva nigra 
purpurea 




OS 
174 


Coiviis Aft'r 




.'39 




*— 


affinis 
Al'ricauus 




2.32 

28 




— 


/Egyptiusi . 




107 




— 


albicullis 




8 




__ 


argyropthalinus 


03 




— 


auntiis 


, 


42 




— 


australis 


7 


232 







I'age 1 






I'iiitt 


Corviis liiirculis . , 


1 


Corviis 


o»sitra;iiis 


58 


— 


liracliyuru!* 


07 i 


— 


pacilii'iiH 


37 


— 


(.'aleduiiic.'iiK 


33,41 


_ 


I'apucii^is 


4ft 


— 


ciilviis 


>•»! 


■^ 


I'criiv laiiiin 


59 


— 


CaiiiKlciisiii 


02 ! 

i 


— 


l'iapia«' 


39 


— 


Curilil)<L>ii» 


28 i 


— 


Pica 


31 


— 


I'aiKJjdiig 


71 


— 


piirpinasceiis 


52 


— 


Carw)catucte» 


23, 


— 


I'y rrJKn'iirax 


24 


— 


Ciiyiiniis 


Oi ' 


— 


rMli'_'ii''ti'r 


41 


— 


coluiiiliiaiiUK 


04' 


— 


riit'iis 


29 


— 


Corax 


4 


— 


Hll^MCll.S 


22 


— 


Comix 


15 : 

I 


— 


ticapuliittis . 


17 


— 


Coniiit' 


9 


— 


Sciiegak'iisis 


39 


— 


criiiitii!> 


50 


— 


scxM'taceus 


50 


— 


criKtattu 


55 1 


— 


Siliiric'iis 


22 


— 


cyami^ 


38! 


— 


Sinensis 


52 


— 


cyaiiolcucos 


49 


— 


spioiosiis 


54 


— 


craiiiirus 


05 


■^ 


St.lleri 


50 


— 


Daiiricus 


17 


— 


Suriiiuniciisii 


03 


— 


(loeilis 


25 


— . 


sylvaticus 


20 


— 


Eriniitii 


20 


— 


tur<iuatns 


8 


— • 


crytliroryiiclios 


27 


— 


traii(]uillus 


232 


— 


llavij,'aster 


(iO 


— 


tropicus 


37 


— 


Iriigili'ijus 


11 


— 


variiik 


7,34 


— 


gluiularius 


20 


i 


versicolor 


40 


' — 


graciiliiius 


87 


— 


Viilturinus 


8 


— 


graculus 


25 


— 


iiuiioe 


01 


— 


Hotteiitottus 


50 


Costot 


otl .. 


. 105 


— 


Jumaiccnsis 


57 


Cotiiig 


a Mexicana . 


102 


— ' 


Javaiieiisis 


144 


Coturnix Capensis 


07 


— 


iiit'austuii 


22 


Coua 


2-0, 271, 


274, 319 


— 


Itucognaphalus 


58 


Couca 


, Antiguan 


247 


— 


It'iicolophus 


48 


— 


black 


. -251 


— 


iiH'lariocephalus 


38 


— 


ISiibut 


241 


— 


nielaiiogaster 


47 


— 


chestnut 


. 243 


— 


iiiLlanoleucus 


49 


— 


dusky 


. 244 


— 


iiR'laiiiips ,, 


46 


— 


Egyptian 


, 242 


— 


Mexicaiius 


174 


— 


Genus 


. 239 


— 


Monedula ,. 


18 


— 


Giant 


. 239 


— 


novcB Guineae 


44 


— 


kindred 


. 241 


— 


octopennatiis 


40 


— 


Lark-heeled 


048 


■■" 


olivaceus 
£ 


43 


— 


Lathainian 


248 



'II 



!■;' 



Pagf 
Coucid, lopiil .. 241 

— !oiig-lieeled 245 

— Ne^T*^- •• '-'51 

— Ni'gro . . 251 

— New Holland 250 

— Noirnu .. 244 

— I'lieasaiil .. 240 

— niliii .. 249 

— rufous . . 24!) 

— stiait-hci'lfd 240 

— Tolii .. 245 

— variej^atoil 250 

— \vliitu-l)..llit'il 250 
Coiioou a collii'i- blaiii- 293 

— i\ i;i<)s bi'c 293 

— a loiii"- l)tf 313 

— a long iiiiiih 303 

— iiriui & jaune a Vfiitro 

laye 209 

— brun [licqucte <le 

roux 281 

— biuii variiidu noir305 

— brun varit' df roux 

319 

— riiidre .. 321 

— Ciiard .. 301 

— deClaas .. 290 1 

— d(.' Madagascar 245 

— <lis Pal.tuvicrs 315 

— <ii's I'liiiipiiiiiL's 243 

— Didric .. 294 

— (lit Viuillard3l4, 315 

— duCapdu R. E8[).302 

— du Sfufgal 240 

— Edoh.) 287,288 

— (iiant .. 239 

— griuid dc IMadag. 

271, 272 

— gris broti/e 294 
—• liuppL- do iMadag. 

270, 277 
Iiidicatt'-;.- 323 



VOLUME III. 

Page 
Coucoii uoir di> Cayenne 232 

— iioir dts ludes 282 

— petit u tt te grise 303 
— > petit de Paii.'y 303 

— petit des Indei 280 

— I'iaye .. 322 

— solitaire .. 270 

— tiicliete 275,277,319 

— t.ieliite de la Chine 

280 

— tuchete de Panay 281 
— < vert d'Antigue 247 

Coukeel 282, 285, 288 

Conliavaii ., ,. 139 

Cou;ol .. 271,272 

Courouoii . . 209 

— — a ehap. violet 207 

!i<|ueuerousse 209 

A ventre rouge 203 

— ^ Narina 2li 

Courou-coueou 243, 318 \ 

Coweel . , . . 285 

Cowpen Fiiu'li . . 100 

Crank Bird .. 344 

Crave des Alpes . . 24 

Criard .. .. 174 

Crisiiiia Hai . . 51 

Crow, African ., 28 

— Alpine .. 24 

— Australasian 38 

— bold .. 14,27 

— barc-neekcd 100 

— black and white 49 

— black-breasted 47 

— black-faced 40 

— bliii' ., .. 38 

— blue and white 49 

— blue-tailed . . 05 

— brown . . (i5 

— Canbbe;iu .. 28 

— Carrion . . 9 

— changeable . . 34 



( 




Piigt 


Crow 


, ehatttring 


57 


— 


cinereous 


02 


— 


Clark's 


04 


— 


Crislina 


51 


— 


down) 


5^ 


— 


Enca 


13 


— 


fish 


5,^ 


— 


Grtius 


3 


— . 


Hen. t 


20 


— 


hooded 


15 


— 


Hottentot 


50 


— 


hunting 


53 


— 


Indigo 


30 


— 


Kcnfs 


41 


— 


laughing 


48 


.— 


Rlaeao 


52 


— 


Mexican (il, 


174 


— 


New Caledonian 


41 


— 


New Cuiinea 


44 


1 


I'acific 


37 


— 


Papuan 


45 


— 


plain 


53 


— 


plush-faeed 


;j5 


— 


purple-hca.icd 


52 


— 


red-legged 


25 


— 


Uoyston 


15 


— 


rufous 


29 


— 


rufous-bellied 


40 


— 


rufous-breasted 


30 


— 


Russian 


22 


— 


Senegal 


39 


— 


short-tailed 07, 08 


09 


— 


six-shafted 


50 


— 


Steller's 


50 


— 


Surinam 


(« 


— 


Sydney 


38 


— 


tropic 


37 


— 


variable 


40 


— 


velvet-faced 


35 


— 


wave-breasted 


43 


— 


wliite-breasted 


17 





white-cheeked 


43 



m \ 



m 



■^. , > J 






Page 

67 
G-i 
G4 
51 

58 

la 

58 
U 
2(J 
1.^ 
5(1 
5.J 
3(> 
41 
48 
52 
1, 174 
41 
44 
37 
45 
53 

;j5 



15 

2!) 
40 
3(i 
'22 

8, m 

50 
5(i 
(O 
38 
37 
40 
35 
43 
17 
43 



VOLUME III. 



Page 

48 
47 
'2(i 

riiillfil .. 213 

w, Alivbsiiiiaii 32!) 

African 271,2'JO 
AlVirau grifti 298 
Asiatic 285,330 



( 'rinv, u liilf-t-rouix';! 

— \vliitf-iia|ii (I 

— vvooil 
Cm 
(.'lirli 



Iiiirvi'd-fiiil 
hasal 
I5t<- 
niirow 

l.iiK-k 

.ihick and wliiti 
<■ rest I'd 

l>lack-l.illc(l 

hiiick-brcasted 

hide 

l)liic-lit'aded 

Itroiized 

linnvii 

l)y<!;aii 

(.'u|)e 

Carolina 

Cayenne 

Ceylon 

I'lialybeate 

eliestnnt 

Chinese 



310 

287 
32!) 
205 

285 



200 

317^ 

202 j 

274 

31" 

2<J4 

291 

2()G, 2()7 
302 
310 

. 322 
291 
301 
280 

. 273 



— Cliiiiesc spotted 280 

— Chun's .. 290 

— crest id black 287 

— crest "d Brazil 318 

— collared . . 293 

— couiinon . . 257 

— Coroniandel 288 

— cupreous ,. 298 

— nuntnun 203 

— Eastern bl. 282,285 

— Li-ryptiai; 242, 247 

— fan-tailed 305 

— ferrugin, necked 208 



Page 
308 
350 
294 
300 
297 
293 
or- 



Cuckow, Flinders 
Cicniis 

— gilded .. 

— glossy 

— gorgeous 
great-billed 

— greMl-spotted •.:/ / 

— grey-lieaded 20!) 

— liepatic .. 279 

— Honey 325,328 

— iiorned .. 312 

— Indian black 285 

— Indian spotted 278 

— Klaas's .. 290 

— lark-heeled 248 

— langhing 315 
— • long-billed rain 313 

— Madagascar 270,270 

— iMangrove 315 ; 

— metallic 274, 301 I 



iMindanao 


283 


mournful 


280 


noisy 


301 


pacific 


311 


Panayan 209, 281 


I'aradise 


303 


Pisan 


277 


Port Jackson 


309 


punctated 


320 


rain 


314 


red- crested 


318 


rufous 


203 


rufous-spotfed 


2S0 


Sacred 


275 


St. Donnngo 


321 


sharp-ciested 


312 


shining 


299 


Sirkeer 


2G7 


Society 


305 


Sokagu 


2C4 


solitary 


270 


Sonnerat's 


280 


e2 





Piiite 
Cuckow, splendid 2!)9 

— spotted 319, .'V20 

— spotted-breasted .307 

— spotted-tailed 300 

— strait-heeled 24« 

— Swift .. 280 

— tippet ., 307 

— tridactyle 331 

— uliite-rnniped 324 

— yell, bellied .303, 310 
Cueulo .. .. 258 



IS Abyssinicns 


32!) 


/Egyptins 


242 


Afer 


271 


alis deauralis 


40N 


Aniericanus 


310 


Auilalusia" 


277 


iiter 


287 


auratus 


294 


basalis 


287 


Bengalensis 


248 


Bengal, nieviut 


278 


Bengal, niger 


285 


Brazilieusis 


318 


ca^ruleus 


274 


canorus 


257 


capeusis 


302 


Carolinus 


3i<; 


Cay an us 322 


, 323 


clumosus 


301 


coruutus 


312 


Coromandus 


292 


crassirostris 


293 


Criard 


.301 


cristatus 


270 


CUIMCUS 


298 


cyanocephabis 


310 


Dominicus 


321 


erythropthalniu!. 


317 


flabiUifornus 


305 


flavus 


30.T 


Aigax 


280 



VOLUME III. 



^i *l 







Page 


1 




Page 




/'nc:r 


Cucul 


us Giandarius 


277 


Cucu 


usseiratus 


287 


Dirt-eater 


130 


— 


griseo-unilulatus 


262 


— 


Siamensis 


303 


Dohle 


IS 


— 


Guira 


218 


— 


Sinensis 


273 


Dreyhals 


332 


— 


gularis 


263 


— 


Sonneratii 


280 


Drongo 


303 


— 


hej>aticu3 


279 


— 


tenebrosus . . 


324 


j Dunmun 


264 


— 


honoratus . . 


275 


— 


Taitensis 


305 


Eciienilleur 44, 45, 46 


— 


Janiaicensij 313 


,314 


— 


Tolii 


245 


Edie atzel 


177 


— 


Indicator 


325 


— 


vetula 


313 


Edolio 


288, 290 


— 


Indicus 


285 


— 


Xantliorynciios 


287 


Elster 


31 


— 


Indicus noEvius 


281 


Cuil 


. . 275 


, 285 


Emberiza militaris 


129 


— 


Klaas 


296 


Cuit 


. . 


73 


pecoris 


100 


— 


lucidus 


299 


Cul j 


lune de Cayenne 


121 


Emeraude 


182, 184 


— 


lugubiis 


286 

I 


Cundoe vanga pandooc 


141 


Engku 


223 


— 


niaculatus . . 


280 : 

1 


Cuper 


ssooa 


46 


Epeiche bruu des INloluques 


— 


Madagasc. 


245 


Curucui 


203 




358 




274 


, 276 


— 


blue-cheeked 


213 


— de la Louisiane 33S 


— 


.Madagasc. ULijor 




— 


Ceylonesse . . 


210 i 


— de Nubie 


. . 357 




271 


272 


— 


cinereous 


209 


— du Canada 


386 


— 


Malabar. nGEvius 


275 


. — 


fasciated 


212 


— du I\Iexi(|ue 


335 


— 


mclanoleucus 


28S ' 


— 


genus 


203 


— petite 


343 


— 


Mexicanus 


315 


— 


Indian 


210 


— varii'; ondi' 


357, 392 


— 


Mindanensis 


28.3 ', 


— 


Leverian 


208 


Etourneau pie 


154 


— 


minor 


315 1 


— 


longue (jueua 


205 


Eulabes religiosa 


104 


— 


najvius 280 


319; 


— . 


Narina 


211 


Faiiaan 


183 


— 


niger 280, 


285 


— 


red-bellied 203 


, 205 


I'eitizeira 


319 


— 


orientalis 


282 


— 


red-vented . . 


205 


Finch Cowpen 


1 00 


— 


palliolatus . . 


307 


— 


rufous 


209 


— sharp-tailed 


132 


— 


Panayus 


281 


— 


spotted 


228 


Flicker 


409 


— 


Paradiseiii 


303 


— 


violet-licaded 


207 


Fousclier 


.338 


— 


Phasianus . . 


240 


— 


wliile-bellied 


207 


Fiayonne 


11 


— 


Pis anus 


■277 


— 


yellow-bellied 


206 


Fregilus Enca 


13 


— 


plagosus 


300 


Cut-cui'olloh 


349 


F'rcux 


11 


— 


pcjliocephalus 


2(;9 


Daliool, Doil 


166 


Fringilla caudacuta 


132 


~ 


Pravata 


286' 


Dame 


Angloise 


205 


— fusea nigro 


varii 127 


— 


punctafus 


281 ' 


Dauniah 


226 


— pecoris 


lOO 


— 


pnmtulatus 


320 


Daw, 


black and yellow 


92 


— Virginiana 


100 


— 


radiutus 


269 


— 


Cornish 


25 


Fur Zeaj 


.. 174 


— 


lidibundus . . 


315 


— 


Helvetian 


19 


Galbula 


135 


— 


rufus 


262 


DemoibcUe 


205 


Galgulus 


28, 70 


— 


scolopaceus 


278 


Dewance 


335 


— antiUaruni 


28 


— 


Senegalensis 


246 


Dial Bird 


165 , 


— Indicus 


77 


, — 


seniculus 


315 


Didric 


294! 


• — Mexicanus 


85 



" :: W 



"M 






VOLUME III. 



130 
IS 

33'2 
303 
'2(i4 

, 45, 4f; 
177 

:SH, 290 
31 

i^y 

100 

S'2, 184 
2'23 



e 33 K 

. 357 

38(i 

335 

343 

57, 39'2 

154 

104 

183 

319 

100 

13'2 

409 

338 

11 

13 

11 

IS-J 

nil 127 

100 

lOO 

174 

135 

28, 70 

28 

77 

85 





Page 






P,ii:e 


Galgulus Mindanoensis 72 


Gracul 


H Malabarica . . 


151 


— Sinensis 


54 


1 


nielanocephali 


I 168 


Garlu 


GO 


— 


nielanoptrra 


149 


Garrulus Argentoratensis 70 


1 


nigra 


'•>? 


— Ciinadens. cajrul. 55 


1 
1 


Pagodaruni 


150 


— Canadens, fu 


scus 62 


— 


])icata 


169 


— Cayanensis 


■ 6-3 


— 


Pyrrhocorax 


25 


— Indicus ceeruleus 55 


— 


(juiscula 


174 


— Sinunsis 


54 


1 — 


religiosa 


144 


(iattua Maino 


150 


1 


Saularis 


165 


Gazza niaiina 


71 




Scandens 


178 


(.iazza con la coda lunga 31 


— 


Strepera 


87 


Gcay i'l ventre jaune 


00 


— 


tristis 


147 


— l)leu du Canada 


55 


— 


viridis 


168 


— brun du Canada 


G2 


Grakle 


Abyssinian 


168 


— dc Cayenne 


C3 


— 


bald 


146 


— lie la Cl.iae 


27 


— 


bare-necked 


160 


— de Peroii 


59 


— 


black-headed 


168 


— de Sii)erie 


22 


— 


boat-tailed 


170 


— Orange 


22' 


— 


browTi 


172 


— petit de la Chine 


42, 


— 


Chili 


177 


Gcdasse 


303 


— 


cinereous 


109 


Gliiandaia 


20 


— 


crested 


104 


Giogtyte 


334 


— 


cockscomb 


157 


Glaucopis cinerea 


1 


— 


dial .. 


105 


Gogoye 


147 


— 


Egyptian 


161 


Gold drossel 


135 


__ 


fetid 


162 


Gooda 


60 


— 


Georgian 


173 


Gouliavan 


140 


— 


Gingi 


153 


(jraeula Abyssinica . 


168 


— 


glossy 


171 


— Atthis 


167 


— 


Gosalic 


154 


— Barita 


172 


— 


green 


168 


— caWa 


140 


— 


grey 


152 


— carunculata 


157 


— 


grillivora 


147 


— chrysoptera 


125 


— 


Javan 


155 


— cristatella 


104 


— 


Indian 


157 


— tetida 


162' 


— 


long-billed 


163 


— ferruginea 


98 


— 


Malabar 


151 


— gallinacea 


157 


— 


minor 


144 


— grillivnra 


147 


— 


New Holland 


156 


— grisea 


152 


— 


noble 


177 


i — larvata 


157 


— 


Pagoda 


150 





/■.i.«r 


Grakle Paradise 


147 


— picoij 


178 


1 _ i)icd 


109 


i 

— purple 


174 


— satin 


171 


— shilling 


172 


— Snriiiagur 


156 


— tufted 


102 


i — white-faced 


lOO 


i — white-headed 


150 


— white-vented 


170 


Gras Sjicclit . . 


343 


Grivert 


85 


1 Grunsjiecht 


345 


Gir-isch 


93 


! Giickguck and, ait 


202 


Guiia acantara 


318 


— hero 


123 


— hiimi 


131 


1 

; — huro 


122 


— tangeinia 


114 


Gulgully 


156 


Gulin 


146 


, Gwas y gog . . 


234 


' Hahaseu 


10 


Hahcr niandel 


70 


Harrichacha 


30 


Haudce-koolah 


271 


Hausse-col dore 


196 


Heunig-Vogel 


329 


Hickwall 


344 


llikroena, Hickurnana 


323 


Hittock 


409 


Hocisana 


174 


Hoedoedoe 


376 


Holcmunnah 


213 


Holzhoher 


20 


1 Honest -face 


23 


Honey-Guide 


325 


Houhou, Houtou 


242 


tturia 


223 


Humniesha Picara 


213 






.1 i '■ i 



' ., M' 



'Mfli' 







VOLlJMi: III. 






P(i:i: 


1 


/'</,;- 


Jiibbaiii 


93 


1 Icterus Rli!.\ieanus \o:> 


. 112 


J;'.ck(law 


19, '^0 


— minor 115 


, 119 


Jarobiii lui|)])„' 


89 


— . . spurius 


116 


.laculator eincreus 


385 


., — . . viridis 


129 


— niitcUa rubra 


347 


— niger 98 


, 112 


.lallak 


155 


i — nov. Hisj). 105 


,112 


Janiacaii 


123 


— olivaceus 


103 


Jupucani 


107 


— pteroi)hoenieeus 


108 : 


Jay . . . . 


^0 


i — ruber 


133 


— Bengal brown 


I'i 


i — Textor 


117 


— blue 


55 


— varius 


no 


— Cayciiiir 


G,i 


— vulgaris 


114| 


— E. Imliau 


74 


— Xanihornub 


121 j 


— little 


4!2 


Jeay 


20! 


— Matlras . . 


67 


Incomparable 


196 


— inottk'd . . 


141 


Indicateur 325, 328 


329 


— Paragiian 


60 


IrcnaPuella 


89 


— Peruvian 


59 


Iting 


146 j 


— ie(l-l)ille(l 


27 


1 Jupujuba 


91 


— Siberian 


22 


Jyngi congener 


335 


— wliite-bdlied 


O'O 


Izanatl 


174 


— wbite-eared 


42 


Kadallan 


254 ■ 


— yellow-belliid 


CO 


Kai-a-l(ira 


46! 


Icterus, Baltimore . . 


115 


Kakakew 


5 


— Bcngalensis 


154 


Karrock 


49 


— black-headed 


140 


Kaut-tokra . . 343, 


363 


— Honana 


118 


Kauadiya 


149 


— Braziliensis 


lor; 


Killigrew 


25 


— cieruleus 


113 


King of the Woodpeckers 


368 


— ca&tancus 


103 


1 Kink 

1 


134! 


— Cauda annidata 


lot; 


' Kirsch-Fink 


135 ' 


— Cauda bifida 


128 


Kirsch-Vogel 


135 1 


— Cayanensis 


124 


Kishen Rai 


51 


— chrysoccphalus 


125 


Kolkrabe 


4 


— cinereus 


107 


K'lnigs Paradies-Vogel 


188 j 


— embcrizoides 


102 


Kottorea . . 225, 


229 1 


— flavus 


112 


Kowaa 


18! 


— fuscus 


112 


Krahe Schwarze 


9 


— ictei'ocpphalua 


126 


Kuckuk 


259 ' 


— Indicus 


201 


Kutkhodau 


224 ' 


— RIaderaspatanus 


141 


Lanius cap. coll. pect. viol. 


207 


— luclancholicus 


127 


— infaustus 


22 



Lappen-Vogel Ascligraue 1 
Laut . . . . 30 

164 
309 
332 
13S 



Leckoa, Leu(|uov 
Lobcock 
Long-Tongue 
Loriodor 
Loriot 135, 138, 140, 168,201 

142 

142 

253 

58 

137 

189 

31 

■Xi 



— i'l tete rouge 

— Coudougnan 
RInal-kenda-Ettah 
Mackeraw 
Mngnakli 
Magnilicjuo 
IMagpie 

— of New Caledonia 
Maina . . 153, 156 
Mainate . . 145 
Maize-thief 125, 174 
Makoka, Mahoka 30, 247 
Mal-kerala . . 364 
MalkohaJavan ,, 255 

— red -headed 252 

— Rouverdin 253 

— Sintok . . 254 

— tri-coloured 253 

— white-bellied 254 
Mandel-haher . . 76 
Man Old .. . . .114 
Manueode . . 18S 

;'i bouquets IHl) 

a douzc iilets 199 

a six filets 191 

— dit le superbe 191 
Manucodiata 182, 183, 18H 
Martin 147, 148, 157 

— brame 150, 156 

— gris de fer . , 252 

— petit deGingi 153 

— Vieillard 151 
Maymay . . . . 372 
Maynoa .. .. 145 
Mehisewe paupastaow 40C 



'4 



-J 



w 



1 



ue 1 
30 
1C4 
3t9 
33'2 
138 
08,201 
14'2 
142 
253 
58 
137 
181) 
31 
a 33 
3, 156 
145 
5, 174 
0,247 
3C4 
255 
252 
253 
254 
253 
254 
70 
3 1 4 
18S 
IH'I 
109 
191 
191 
:, 188 
I, 157 
, 150 
252 
153 
151 
372 
145 
406' 



Page 
Mencha .. .. 145 

Merle chauve . . 140 

— cle la Guiane 05 

— Inippe (ic la Chine 104 

— des Pliilippines 147 

— jaunc de la Chine 
.Meiops, irid, subargent. 
Morula bicolor 

— calva Philipp. 

— Mexicana 



— nigro virid. 
— ' Piiilippina 

— Sinensis cristata 

— viridis atricapiila 

— viridis Molucc. 
Minor greater 
Mocking-bird of Guiana 
Moina 
Moloxita 
Monedula Cap. B. Spei 

— Ind. or. . . 
-— tota nigra 

Moori 

Moroc 

Mukooke 

Mulacchia 

Murregan 

Muscicapa varia 

Mutch runga 

Myiothera affinis 

Narina 

Nealumpuny 

Nebelkrahe 

Nightingale Spanish 

Norunga 

Nushrahe 

Nucifraga 

Nusaheer 

Nutcracker 

Ococolin 

Ocotzinitzcan 

'liseau des barrieres 



137 
174 
142 

no 

85 
114 
147 
104 
07 
07 
140 
129 
145 
142 
50 
140; 
172 ' 
105 
329 
208 
15 
169 
106 
139 
66 
212 
88 
15 
119 
68; 
23 
23 
70 
23 
107 
106 
320 



VOLUME III. 

Oiseau de Par. ailes blanches 

97 

— de Par. i gorge doree 

194 

— de Par. huppt; lyo 

— de Par. verd 195 
Ootrool . . , . S8 
Oriole .Aoonalashkan 133 

— Balliii,G:e .. 115 

— black . . 98 

— black-cheeked 138 

— black-chinned 112 

— black-crowned 112 

— black- headed 140 

— black lesser 102 

— black and yellow 91 

— blue .. .. 113 

— Bonana .. lis 
• — ' Bonana least 122 

— Bonana lesser 121 

— Brazilian loO, 123 

— brown-headed 102 

— Carthagena . . 104 

— chestiuit . . 103 

— chestnut and black 119 

— climbing 178 | 

— Cocliin China 139 

— Cowpcn .. 100 

— crested . . 94 | 

— crimson-billed 113 j 

— fork- tailed . . 128 ! 

— golden . . 135 

— gold-headed 125 

— grey .. .. 107 

— hang-nest 119 

— Jamacaii 123 

— Japacani . . 107 

— icteric .. 114 

— Indian . . 140 

— Kink . . 134 

— Mexican . . io5 

— mottled . . 141 



/'./«<■ 

90 

105 

142 

103, 112 

HI 



j Oriole New Holland 
I — New Spain 

— nun 
I — ('live . . 
I • — ' P.ira . . 

— ivd . . . . 133 
I — red-billed . . 95 

— rc'd-brcasted 129 

— red-lieadod 104 
] — red-rumpcd 93 
: — red -winged 108 

— Rice . . . . <)8 

— ring-tail . . loi; 

— rulf-necked . . 97 

— rufous-winged 131 

— rusty-crowned 131 

— Saint Domingo 122 

— Scliomburger 127 

— sharp-tailed 132 

— Southern . . 97 

— striped-headed 142 

— Weever .. 117 

— whistler . . 128 

— white-headed lio 

— white-winged 125 

— yellow .. i;j7 

— yellow Antiguan 134 

— yellow-backed 143 

— yellow-headed 120 

— yellow-throated 132 

— yellow-winged 124 
Oriolus . . . . 135 

— Americanus 129 

— anaulatus 106 

— Aoonalashkcnsis 133 

— aureus . . 201 

— Baltimore .. 115 

— Bengalensis 140 

— Bonana .. us 

— Braziliensis . . 106 

— Buffonianus 134 

— caeruleus . . 1 12 



..•4 






VOLUME III. 



Oriolus 



! < 





l>U!if 






'V/V ( 






1'., , 


Capensis 


112 


Oiiolus 


Pcrsicus 


Oil 


Paradise B. niagnilicenl 


1.S9 


capiti.' striato 


14'i 


— 


Plui'niccus 


108 i 

1 


— 


new Species 


199 


Cariliiiginiciisis 


lot 


— 


Picoidcs 


178 i 


— 


red 


isi; 


Cas:iicn,-i 


!»1 


— 


Picub 


i78 




smaller 


184 


castaiR'iis 


loa 


— 


radialiiB 


142 




su[)erb 


191 


cauilacutiis . . 


13'2 


.._ 


ruber 


133 




twelve-wired 


199 


Cayanensis . . 


124 


— 


rulirostris 


95 




white 


201 


Cliiiien=is 


139 


— 


Sinensis 


134 




white-winged 


197 


chi vsoco])luilus 


125 


— 


3i)Uiius 


116 


Paradisea alba 


201 


cinui'i'Ui 


107 i 


— 


Text or 


117: 


— 


apoda 


182 


('ochiii^inensi:^ 


13!) 1 


— 


virnscens 


132 


— 


aurantia 


201 


Costototl 


105 j 


— 


viridis 


12S 


— 


aurca 194, 


201 


eri5t[\tii-i 


!) 4, !)5 1 


— 


Xantlionotus 


143 


— 


chalybea 


195 


Domiiiicensis 


122 


— 


Xanthorus 


121 ' 


— 


cirrhata 


190 


foiTugiiieus 


98 


Oi'open 


lula 135, 


139 


— 


ilavo-fulva 


201 


tlavus 


134 I 


Ouantou 


373 


— 


furcata 


192 


fuicatus 


128 : 


Outhec- 


(juan-uoiv 


409 




gularis 


196 


fiiscus 


102 


Palalaca . . 14G, 


351 


— 


leucoptera 


197 


Galbula 


135 ! 


Papecal 


i-afsil 


2f;7 


— 


nKigiiilica 


189 


Guianeiisis 


12'J 


Papua- 


iird 183, 


288 ' 


— 


minor ])apuensis 


184 


luLMiioirhous 


93 


Paradies-Vogclgi'osse 182 


, 189 '' 


— 


nigricans 


199 


HiiilsonicuR 


no 


Paradii 


blanc 


201 


— 


nova Species 


199 


J.uiiacaii 


123 


— 


orange 201 


202 


— 


regia 


188 


Japacani 


107 ' 


— 


rouge 


18(i 


— 


sanguinea 


180 


ieteroccphalus 


12« 


— 


su[)erbe 


191 


— 


sexsetacca 


194 


icterus 


114 


Paradise B. black-bodied 


199 


— 


su])erba 


191 


Indicus 


140 


— 


bhie-green 


195 


— 


viridis 


195 


Ic'ui'occplialus 


110 






198 


Pastor 


griscus 


lt)4 


leucoplci'us 


125 ; 


— 


crested 


190 


— 


Jalla 


154 


ludoviciaiuis 


no 




crisped 


198 


_ 


Martin 14G 


164 


nu'lancliolicus 


127 


— 


doubtful 


185 


— 


tricolor 


155 


iiiihuiocephalus 


140 


— 


cnierald-brcasted 


Paupastaow 


391 


uiLlal(.'UC03 


125 






193 


Peach- 


caye 


113 


Mcxicanus 


112 




frosted 


198 


Peeko 


. . 


283 


minor 


102 




furcated 


192 


Peercol, Peerool 


141 


niutatus 


119 




Genus 


180 


Peririgua 


318 


nidipenrluhis 


119 




gold-breasted 194 


Pheasant Crow 


S48 


iiigcr 


93 




golden 


201 


Ph(Enicophaus Javanicus 


255 


iiobilis 


177 




gorget 


190 




— curvirostris253 


novfE llispaniae 


105 




greater 


182 




— Ieucogastei'254 


olLvaceus 


103 




hackled 


193 




— melanognathus 


orizyvoi'us . . 


98 




King 


183 






254 






I !•■ 



VOLUME III 



> l!l!» 
ISd' 
IS-J 
I'.M 

(1 lil'J 
'20 1 

ed VJT 

101 
18'2 
201 
14, '201 
l!»r> 
190 
201 
lli2 
19(J 
197 
189 
sis 184 
199 
19a 
188 
180 
194 
191 
195 
1()4 
154 
10, 1(J4 
155 
391 
113 
283 
141 
318 
S48 
13 255 
tris253 
iter 254 
jnathus 
254 



Pox 



foil, 



I'll viiicophand iiynhoce 


)halus 


Pic rayi': grand 


377 




252 


— rayc St. Doiiiingue 


399 


tricolor 


253 


— roiix 


404 


I'hiviiotrixTeniia 


34 


— tachel' de Cay. 


392 


I'itint't 


31 


- ■ ligrc 


357 


I'iaje 


322 


1 — varic 340, 358, 3*2 


Pic a ailes dorees 


408 


— . . -Anieric. cristat 


. 377 


— a bagni;ttes li'or 


411 


— . . a tcte rouge 


342 


— ;'i cou rouge 


374 


— . . autre 


372 


— a cravate noire 


403 


— . . de la Caroline 


405 


— a tcte grise 


353 


— . . de la Enccnada 


I 383 


— Cardinal 


358 


— . . Jamaique 


387 


— clievelu . . 


389 


— . . de Virginie 


389 


— ix double Jloustache 


355 


— verd . . 345 


, 348 


Pica glandaria 


56 


— verd de Goa 


350 


— Jamaicensis 


174 


— verd de-Lu(;on 


351 


Pic d'antigue 


344 


i Pica Americana luteo nig 


ra 


— de Malacca 


365 




140 


— du Cap. de B. Esp. 


367 


— antillarum 


28 


— grand huppe a tete 


rouge 


— caudata Indica 


28 




374 


— glandaria 


20 


— grand de Luzon 


351 


— glandaria coerulea 


56 


— grand Goertan 


364 


— glandaria cristata 


55 


— grimpereau grand 


178 


— Jamaicensis 


174 


— grivele de Lu^on 


351 


— luteo-nlgra varia 


114 


— • huppe de Cayenne 


372 


— Maderaspatana 113 


, 141 


— huppe de la Caroline 


368 


— marina 


70 


— huppe noir Louisiane 


370 


— Mexicana 61 


385 


— jaune de Cayenne 


402 


— Persica 


91 


— ■ jaune du Perse 


366 


— Senegalensis 


39 


— jaune tachetu de Cay. 


403 


Piccio 340, 345, 


366 


— laboureur 


411 


Picchio giallo 


366 


— inordorc' 


403 


Piccio maderaspatana 


141 


— • noir 


338 


Pico variado minor 


401 


— a domino rouge 


395 


Picucule de Cayenne 


178 


— olive 


353 


Picus altivolans 


360 


— petit ii baguettes d'or 


411 


— aurantius 


367 


— petit a gorge rouge 


383 


— auratus 


408 


— petit noir 378, 


379 


— Bengalensis 


348 


— petit raye de Cay. 367,401 | 


— bicolor 


383 : 


— petit tres 


407 


— borealis 


386 


— raye .. 367, 


408 


— Brazilieiuis . . 


385 



Piciis cafur . . . . 410 

— Canadensis . . 386 

— Canadensis striatus 4()S 

— caiicscens .. 313 

— canus . . 365 

— Capensi^ . . 393 

— capitecolloq. rubris395 

— Cap. bonaj spei 367 

— Carolinus . . 387 

— Cardinalis . . 35S 
>— Cayancnsis 401 ,402, 407 

— Cayanensis albus 402 

— Cayanensis striatus 401 

— chlorocephalus 383 

— chrysosternus 3S4 

— cinnamomeus 403 

— discolor 340, 343 

— Dominic, minor 399 

— Dominic, striatus 

— eythrocephalus 

— exalbidus 

— fasciatus 

— flavescens 

— flavicans 

— flavipes 

— flaviventris 

— Goensis 

— Goertan 

— graminis 

— griseus 

— hirsutus 



359 
395 
402 
381 
378 
402 
378 
377 
350 
364 
343 
387 
413 



hirundinaceus 378, 379 
Javensis . . 353 

icterocephalus 383 

imbrifoetus . . 368 
Indicus ex Parte coerul. 

221 
leuconotus 
lignarius 
lineatus 
luteus 
Mahrattensis 



28» 
374 
372 
366 
356 



VOLUME III. 






>:'il 



Picii-' 







I'aiif 




P„ue 




/'.. . 


^ major 




340 


Picus torcjuatus 


376 


Polophilus Gigas 


23! 1 


major alis deauratis 


408 


— toto capife loibro 


370 


— Lathami 


2ts 


major leuco])haeu9 


314 


— tridactylus 


413 


— Icucogaste 


r ".-><. > 


Malaccensis 




VjGI 


— tristis 


352 


— Maurus 


251 


Manillensis 




351 


— variegatus 


383 


— Phasianus 


24(; 


inartius 




338 


— varius 340, 342 


, 343 


— Senegalensis 24f) 


medius 




34'2 


377 


, 405 


— Tolu 


245 


uielanochlorus 




377 


— varius Cayanensis 


415 


— variegated 


25(1 


melanoleucub 




373 


— villosus 


389 


Poopo-arowro 


2y;» 


miniatus 




3C1 


— Virginianus 


370 


Porte-lambeaux 


. 157 


minor 




343 


— viridis 345 


347 


1 Powee 


151 


minutissimus 




407 


— undalus 


404 


Prinya 


232 


mimitii- 




407 


— undulatus 


415 


Promcrops 


201 


multicolor 




403 


Pie 


31 


Punglar 


nr, 


iiiger 




338 


— a calotte de Peau 


46 


Pye, Indian 


lOT) 


nigorCarolinensis 


368 


— bleue 


27 


— yellow and black 


m 


iiigtT Cayancnsis 


372 1 


— bleue ii tite noire 


38 


1 — yellow-winged 


124 


nigcr novae Angliae 


378 , 


— de Macao 


52 


Pyrold 


135 


Norvcgicus 




365 i 


— des Antilles 


28 


j Pyrrhocorax Coracias 


25 


imbicus 




357 


— du Senegal 


39 


Quapactototl 


31,-1 


obscui'us 




396 


— grieschenoirdeBenga 


165 


Quatotomoni 


368 


olivaceus 
passerinus 




411 

399 


— Persian 

— rousse 


28 
29 


Quauhchochopitli , . 385 






oot> 


pectoralis 




363 


Pilluck, Peeluk 136, 


141 


Quiacagou 


93 


Peisicus 




366 i 


Pint 


409 


Rache blauc 


*(' 


Philippinus 




351 


Pirirlgua, Piririta 


319 


Rain-Bird 


314 


Pilcr.tus 


370 


371 ; 


Pirol 


135 


Rantvan-Kond6a 


213 


pitius 




370 


Pitico 


370 


Raven 


■i 


Portoi'icensis 




380 


Pitta . . 65, 66 


— South Sea 


- 


principalis 




368 


Pittichora 


213 


— white-necked 


8, 17 


pubcscens 




391 


Platuk-lallar, &c. 345, 


353 


Rawil Khuy 


4b 


puniceus 




362 


Plauderer 


145 


Reveilleur 


87 


ijueiulus 




381 


Piuvise avis canescens 


313 


Rex avium Paradisaearum ISa 


ruber . 




397 


Pogonius groove-billed 


234 


Rhoocorah . . 


130 


rubidicoUis 




398 


— IjBvirostris 


235 


Rigogolo 


135 


rubricoUis 




374 


— smooth-billed 


235 


Roi des Ois. de Paradis 


i 18b 


rut'us . . 


404 


405 


— sulcirostris 


234 


RoUe de Cayenne 


35 


semirostris 


« • 


354 


— Vieilloti 


235 


— de la Chine 


54 


Senegalensis 




367 


Polophilus iEgyptiua 


242 


Roller, Abyssinian 


76 


striatus 352, 


381, 


398 


— Bengalensis 


248 


— African 


81 


sti'ictus 


. , 


352 


— coeruleus 


274 


— Bengal 


72 


tiga 


. , 


416 


— Coucal 


249 


— black 


80 



"5 



!'i 





" ' ";. 






VOLUME III. 










23I» 


Roller, black-headei 


82 


1 
Saulary 


165 


1 
Sturnus Mcxicanns .. 




248 

T 25(» 


— 


Cape 
Cayenne 


79 

85 


Serghet 
Sctwuhunt 


159 

226 


"■" 


nigeralis rubent 
nova; Hispanite 


lOh 


251 


— 


Chinese 


54 


Shag, Shague 


185 


— 


obscurus 


u« 


340 


— 


docile 


82 


Shannaw 


28 


— 


pr.TEdatorius 


ins 


sis 24fi 


— 


Fairy 


88 


Shercgrig 


76 


— 


(juiscula 


174 


245 
250 


— 


Garrulous 
grey tailed 


70 
29 


Shirgunge 
, Shirley 


54 
129 


' '■ 


saularis 
stercorarius 


16,-. 
ion 


29i» 


— 


hairy 


85 


Sicrin 


50 


— 


siibroseus 


ir)(i 


.. 157 


— 


Indian 


74 


Sifilet 


194 


— 


Zunoe 


(il 


151 


— 


long-tailed 


74 


Sintock 


254 


Suda So 


hagin 


213 


.. 232 


— 


Madagascar 


7!) 


Sioifu, Soffu 


183 


Surkool 


. . 


268 


201 


— 


Mexican 


85 


Sirkeer 


268 


; Surucua 


20,". 


m 
u;5 

114 
124 

135 


— 


noisy 

Oriental 

pacific 

Pied 

piping 


87 
77 
77 
86 
86 


' Snapper-Gnat 
Specht bunter 

— de Ceylon 

— gras 

— schwarte 


325 
340 
349. 
343 
338 


Tabadura 

Taccole 

Taitsou 

Talapiot 

Tamatia 220, 322 


14ii 

18 

274 

178 

,324 


25 


— 


Senegal 


75 


Stare, brown-headed 


102 


— 


ii collier 


218 


31,'^ 
3t)8 
385 


— 


specious 

spotted 

streaked 


78 
73 

84 


— Cape . . 

— Contra 

— Mexican 


154 
154 
102 




a tute & gorge 

rouges 
beau 


2i»; 

219 


r 38f; 


— 


striated 


83 


Starling, black and white 


154 


, — 


noir & blanc 


220 


33 
70 


"" 


striped blue 
swallow-taile 


80 
d 75 


— Bontius's 

— Chinese 


145 
164 


Tanager Guiana 125 
Tanagra albirostris 


, 126 
ill 


314 


— 


varied 


83 


— Cockscomb 


157 


— 


militaris 


12'.» 


213 
4 

7 
8, 17 

4b 


Kollier 

— d'Abyssinie 

— de Madagascar 

— de Mindanao 

— de Paradis 


71 
76 

79 

72 

201 


— red-winged 

— yellow 

— yellow-headed 

— yellow Indian 
Stourne 


108 
140 
126 
139 
196! 


Tangara noir 125 

Tarra-war-nang 

Tayarabbo 

Teeong 

Temia 


, 126 

86 

306 

145 

34 


87 


— 


des Indes 


77; 


Sturnus Atthis 


167 1 


Thrush, 


blue-tailed 


65 


rum 18a 


— 


tachete 


73 


— Barita 


172 i 


— 


Chili 


177 


130 
135 


Kooi< 
y Kothspecht 


11 

340 


— Capensis 

— Cauda divisa 


154 i 

128 i 


, 


Gingi 
Hudsonian 


153 

99 


s ISb 


Saat-kratie 


11 


— Contra 


154 


— 


Labrador 


193 


35 


Saebe Saebe 


325 


— crinibus cinereis 


164 


— 


Malabar 


151 


54 


,* Saed Gjoek 


. 334 


— cristatella 


164 


— 


New York 


100 


76 


^% Salic, 


Saru 


154 


— curaeus 


177 


— 


nun 


142 


81 

72 


V San-a 

,ji Sap-sucker . . ; 


. 273 
592, 406 


— Indicus Bontii 

— Jamaicensis 


144 1 
100 ; 


I 


Pagoda 
yellow 


150 
139 


80 


■M Schomburger 


. 127' 


— Jun?eti 

f2 


102 


Tingazu 


• • ■ • 


322 



VOLUME 111. 



I' ' 



!i.^ 







I'liiit 




Pai;.: 


Tissei'in 


• ■ 


117 


Troupiale des bois tach. dc 




ritiuluiuccluiltdtotl 


372 




blanc 


125 


'I'dCOCO 


in 


107 


— 


(lu Senegal 


117 


Toirii 




185 ! 


— 


jauned'Antigue 


134 


Tokiii- 


. • 


3Cl 


— 


juune calotte 




Tolu 


. . 


^4C 




noire 


112 


ToicDCoilo 


332 


— 


noir a ailes rousses 


'I'orcol 




332 






131 


Toiquilla striata 


335 
404 


— 


noir a couv. des 




'I'oiK ouinati 




ailes jauncs 


124 


'I'racha 




'28(J 


— 


petit 


102 


Tiidactylia, downy 


413 ! 


— 


olive de Cayenne 




Iiirsuta 


413 • 






103 




undiilata 


415 ' 


— 


petit noir 


102 




waved 


415 


— 


rouge 


133 


Tringacai'iinculata 


157 


— 


tachetr 


127 


Trogon 


Asiaticus 


223 


Truntung 


230 


— 


Brazil, viridia 


203 


Turdua 


aureus 


135 


— 


caruncul.Capensis 157 


— 


■us 


177 


— 


Ceylonensis . 


. 212 


— 


(.iniginianus 


1.53 


— 


cinereus 


209 


— 


Hudsonieus 


99 


— 


Cunicui 


203 


— 


Labradorus 


100 


— 


fasciatus 


212 


— 


Malabaricus 


151 


-* 


tjemis 


203 


— 


minor gutt. nigro 


116 


— 


Indicus 


210 


— 


minor nidumsusp 


111 


— 


Leverianus . 


208 


— 


minor varius 


lis 


— 


niaculatus 


228 


— 


niger Mexicanus 


128 


— 


Narina 


. 211 


— 


Noveboracensis 


100 


— 


rufus 


209 


— 


oculis coeruleis 


114 


— 


strigilatus . 


209 


— 


Pagodarum 


150 


— 


ventre candidc 


) 207 


— 


triostegus 


68 


— 


violaceus 


207 


Turca- 


pikilia-pitta 


349 


— 


viridis ' 


20G, 207 


Tzanahoei 


61 


Troupiale 94, 


100,114 


Tzinitzian 


203 






128, 172 


Vouroug-driou 


271 


— 


ii Col rousse 


131 


Vieillard a ailes rousses 


316 


— 


il gorge enss 


ingl. 129 


Upupa 


montana 


26 


— 


u tt'te jaun 


e 134 


— 


pyrrhocorax 


25 


— 


i'l tcte roug 


3 104 


Ward a 


. . 


167 


— 


cominun 


100 


Watchy-Picket 


119 


— 


deCa)enne 


129 


VVattle-bird ., 


I 


— 


de la Caroli 


ne 100 


Wawpt 


iwchou chuckithou 


110 





l'll^:c 


Wuyghihu 


2(X» 


Weissc speelil 


398 


Wendlials bunte . . 322 


Whiskijohn 


62 


Widewall 


135 


Woodpecker, 


Abyssinian 410 


— 


Albany 391 


— 


bank . . 370 




Hatavian 412 




Bengal ,J48 




Berbice 3/5 


— 


black and white 


1 


393 


1 *"" 


black-biea?ted 




403 


— 


black great 338 


— 


black lesser 378 


— 


black-winged 


i 


401 


— 


Brazilian o85 


— 


brown 358 


— 


bull' crested 3*3 


— 


Canada slotted 




.$86 


— 


Cape 353, 354 


— 


Cardinal 358 


! 


359 


1 — 


Carolina 387 


— 


Cawnpore 359 


— 


Cayenne 401 


— 


Chili 374 


— 


Cinnamon 363 


— 


er.-breasted 411 


— 


. . crested 




370, 377 


— 


. . crowned 380 


— 


.. rumped 364 


— 


. . winged 362 


— 


double-bearded 




355 


— 


downy 391 


^ 


Encenada 338 






II ■ -I I 

1 I 



f " 



i 



'2(X) 

398 

•S'll 

G'i 

135 

an 410 

3!) I 

. 370 

1 41'i 

348 

375 

1(1 white 

393 

fa»io(l 

403 
eat 338 
sser 378 
ingL'ii 

401 

n 385 

358 

iteil 373 

spotted 

38b' 

153, 354 

358 

359 

387 

e 359 

401 

374 

)n 3C3 

ited 411 

;d 

ro, 377 
ned 380 
led 364 
ed 362 
carded 
355 
391 
a 338 



Woodperkcr, fomiKinous 403 

— (u-nus 336 

— Uoa 353 
— . tf()l(l-l)acked367 

— golil-breasted 

384 

— gold-crested 

377 

— goia-shafted4U 

— g()ld-\vinged408 

— gorget 363 

— green 345 

— grey-headed 365 

— (iuinea 360 

— hairy 389 

— half-billed 354 

— Jamaica 387 

— Javan 353 

— ivory-billed 368 

— King of 368 

— Lewis's 376 

— lineated 372 

— little 391 

— long-billed 360 

— Mahratta 356 

— Malacca 362 

— Manilla 351 

— minute 407 

— Nootka 377 

— northern 386 

— Nubian 357 

— orange 367 

— Paraguan 394 

— passerine 399 



VOLUME III, 

Woodpecker, Persian 366 

■ — Philippine 351 

— pileated 370 

— Porto KIco 380 

— rayed 398 

— red . . 361 

— red-bellied 387 
. — red-breasted 397 

— red-cheeked 404 

— red-cockaded 

381 

— red-crowned 379 

— red-headed 395 

— red-necked 374 

— red-runi|)ed 352 

— red-throated 398 

— rufous 364,404 

— Sklit 381 

— smallest 391 

— spotted great 340 

— spotted lesser 

343, 345 

— spotted middle 

342 

— str.-crowned352 

— strict 352 

— striped-bellied 

381 

— three-toed 

313, 315 

— Tiga 416 

— Trinidad 500 

— varied 385 
— • waved 392 



Puf.r 

Woodpecker, white-billed 368 

— wh. rum|)cd396 

— winged gold 406 

— yellow 402 
bellied 405 
crested 378 
headed 383 
legged 37s 
necked 365 
shafted 410 
spotted 

black 217 

Woodspife .. .. 347 

Wryneck , . . . 332 

Xanthomas .. 94,118,122 

'— Braziliensis 123 

— coEruleusll2,113 

— Cap. B. Spci 112 

— Cayanensis 124 

— Dominicensis 122 

— icteroccphalus 

123, 125, 126 

— maximus 94 

— neevius 127 
•— virens 95 

Xochitol . . . . 106 

Yaffer . . . . 347 

Yapu, Yapuri 94, 99 

— noir .. 94,98 

— noir & jaune 91 
Yellow-bird, Bengal 135 
Yunx minutissimus 407 

— torquilla . . 33» 
Zhiaine . , . . 347 






-J l!" 
I'l If 

.■If 



■tl I 



nf 



■^> i ' 



li 



:-m 



'fi. 


■ ' ' ■! 


I ■''■ .1 
I ' 



-4 



v(>Lr>iK iv 



Ailuii.iluctli .. .. 4<» 

\Ka.. .son .. \m 

Aio'iti' /Ettypiiu . . 17 

- AlcNon 5(),_5'i, .■>;< 

-" Americana 55, 5S 

• • Aniii/.ona . . 4!> 

— • airic;i|)ill,i . . .10 

a/.urca HI 

~ Uengali'iisis 10. -13 

■ — bicnloi . . 54 

— liiru . . 21 

— Braziliensis 55 
-- ■iEnilca .. '^5 

— ■ ctei'ukocophala 41 
' — cancrophat^a ^23 

— Capensis 1 1 

— cajiitc rolloquc albis '24 

— Cayancnsis . . 4S 

— chlorocephala *28 

— cullaris 27 

— Coromanda . . '30 
-- ciistata . . 45 

— Dea 47 

— erithaca . . 39 

— flavicans , , 22 
fusca . . 9 

— Galbula . . 2 

— gigantea . . 2 

— grandis . . 3 

— Inda . . . . 54 

— Ispida ,. 35 

— leucoccphala 22 

— leucorhynchos 58 

— maculata . . 53 

— Madagascariensis 40 
-• maxima . . 13 i 



Aluilo iiiL'hinopU'r:! 3(' 

— Mcnmirting 'il 

— n<iv[p Guinea? I* 

— iirii'ntali?. . . -»(i 

— purpurea . . 4() 

— p\isillii .. 41 

— rudis . . 15 

— lacra . . 25 

— ^emicserulca 23 

— Sencgalensis 23 

— Sniyrnenai? 18, 19 

— submacrourus, &c. 24 

— superciiiosa . . 56 

— Surinamunais 5»i 

— tribrachys .. t'A 

— tridactyla . . 59 

— tortiuata . . 49 

— tnta . . 29 
I — vencrata . . 28 
j — ultramarina 42 

Alonzo-garcia . . 152 

Angala-dien . . 235 , 

Apiaatcr Angolensis 132 

— Bengalensis torquatus 

123 

— Braziliensis 150 

— c\ Francia- insula 144 

— flavicans . . 135 

— icterocephalus 126 
— < Indie, erythrocephalus 

139 

— Madagascariensis 127 

— Madagascariensis 

torquatus 122 

— Philippensis 129, 134 
Arlequin .. .. 316 



Avfi.iruid . Hi" 

Aviriiia Ainu allera 27."' 

— cleynaulicihii 151 

— iiiaxini. Hoit/illin -.')!>' 

— Mexic. cyanca .'<17 
Avis .'Xnibomfniis discolor ji; 

— Am Mrxicanus \(M 

— ■iiiguraiij Salac/.:ii 46 

— iuriconia Mexic. .tl.S 

— de Corarao . . ' > 

— Hoitzillin . . 27.1 

— \ochtototl . . 219 

— Paradis Amer. 108, 11<; 

— Virginiani phocnic. 27<i 
Baboucard . . . . 'ih 
Balgonera ,. 171, 172 
Bauniklette . , . . 2()9 
Baimiiaufer .. .. 209 

— blanc . . 285 

— blaue . . 280 
Bec-fleurs a bande noir 3()0 

— a queue en ciseaux 

29S 

— blanc en dessous 321 

— bleu en dessous 302 

— peint .. 310 
Bee-eater, Abyssinian 129 

— Aldrovandine 12fi 

— Angola , . Li.i 

— Arabian . . 121 

— barred-tail 147 

— Bengal I2.i 

— black and yellow 166 

— blue-cheeked 167 

— blue-crested 14& 

— blue green 134 



-ifi 



!'il 






. 1 



:\l ::| 



Uee-caler 









VOLU.Mi: IV, 












Pngf 


I! 




Pfiinr 


,, 




/■-A,- 


', blue-headed 


139 


|! Bee- 


eater, Surinam 


150 


Certh 


a Ca|). B. Upvi 


219 


Brazilian 


150 


- 


— Swallow-taile( 


141 


il "~~ 


Cardinalis 119,221 


Calouian 


13;5 


i 


— variegated 


130 





carunc'ulata 


170 


Cayenne 


149 


j 


— white-fronted 


145 


1 

1 """ 


Cayana 


278 


chatteiing 


164 


j 


— yellow 


135 




chalybea 


247 


chestnut 


144 


1 


- yellow-headed 


126 


■ 


thalybcala 


■CIS 


chestnut-throated 


|! 


- yellow-throated 121 




chrysoptera 


2dO 




131 


1 Bienfras, Bienfresser 


ns 


1 


chrysoiib 


195 


chestnut-quilled 151 


1 Bird of Paradise, Aldrov. 


135 


- 


cinerea 


216 


cinereous 


151 


i Blau 


-Speeht 


62 





cinnamomca 


261 


common 


118 


1 Bok- 


krek 


267 


— 


cirrhata 


251 


Coromandel 


135 


Bons 


-peter, Bons-putter 




— 


coccinea 193 


, 26h 


cowled 


162 




123 


, 130 


— 


coccinigastra 


246 


dui.ky 


146 


Brin 


blane 


293 


— 


corpore suj). viric 


i 278 


eastern 


134 


— 


Jleu 


295 


— 


Currucaria 


23 


embroidered 


165 


Bubbola 


99 


— 


Cyn.nea 


281 


foik-tailed 


146 


Cai 


■ ■ 


276 j 


— 


dibapha 


201 


genu? 


117 


Cap noir 


194 


— 


erythrogastra 


247 


gold-winged 


160 


Certh 


ia aenca 


271 


— 


erythronota 


241 


hooded 


163 


— 


Afra 271, 


285 i 


— 


erythr()])ygia 


302 


Hurruwa 


125 


— 


agilis 


204 


— 


erythrorynchos 


252 


Javan 


132 


— 


Amboinensis 


245 


— 


falcata 


191 


Indian 122, 124 


,125 


— 


Amer. varia 


284 


— 


familiaris 


21 19 


knob-fronted 


161 


— 


virid.atric. 


275 


— 


famosa 


214 


Malembic 


131 


— . 


Armillata 


279 


— 


flaveola 


282 


Molucca 


190 


— 


Asiatics 


238 


— 


frontalis 


255 


mountain 


130 


— 


atricapilla 


175 


— 


t'ulva 


269 


New Holland 


145 


— 


aurantia 


264 


— 


f\i.- ca 


205 




158 


— 


AustralasLx 


199 


— 


grisea 


254 


olivaceous 


143 




Bahamcnsis 


283 


— 


Guiana 


273 


Philippine 


129 




Bart"!cirica 


284 


— 


gularis 


270 


Pied 


145 


r— 


bifasr!>ta 


285 


— 


gutturalis 


2(i7 


Pirik 


142 


— 


Bobonica 


263 


— 


Jamaicensis 


282 


Po.' 


156 





Bras'liana 


274 i 


.— 


ignobilis 


175 


red- headed 


139 





coerulea 


280 





incana 


2(;4 


red-throated 


136 


— 


nigra 


267 


— 


Indica 220 


259 


red-winged 


140 


— 


violac. 


274 


— 


jugularis 


231 


rufous 


151 


— 


viridis 


277 


— 


lepida 


229 


scarlet-throated 157 


'- 


coerulea 204, 


273 


— 


leucophoea . . 


182 


Senegal . . 


144 


— 


canescens 


180 


— 


longicauda 


214 


superb 


140 


— 


ca.'Uillans 


244 


— 


minor 


213 


buperci'ijus 


127! 


— 


Capensis 249, 


250 


— 


Seneg. 


217 



! ! 



r^- 



'J 10 

iiy, '2'ii 
170 

. '27 S 

. a47 

213 
250 
195 
'216 
<26'l 
251 

193, '20\S 
'2-lU 

iriili '27H 
■23 
'281 
'201 
'247 
'241 
30'2 

5 25'2 
191 
2(i9 
'211 
28'2 
'255 
•2G9 
205 
'254 
'273 
'270 
'2«7 
'IS'i 
175 

'2(;4 

1'20, '259 
231 
'229 
182 
214 
or 213 
eg. 217 



Ter 



iliia longirostia 

- Lotenia 

- MacassarieiasU 

- Miihrattensis 

- major 
Manillensis 
IMai'tinicana 
inolanops 
luplaniira 
mellivora 
'lOxicana rubra 
minor 
muralis 
muraria 
nigiilVons 
wovK Hollandiac 
obseura 
ochrochlora 
olivacea 
omnicolor 
pacilica 
parietum 
;)i'rotrrina 



Page 
251 
235 
231 
235 
238 
209 
22» 
283 
17o 
250 
1«1 
26i. 
209 
211 
211 
277 
171 
192 
273 
174 
237 
191 

2(;2 

282 



Philipiiiiia 219, 231 
Pliilippina grisea 231 
Fliilippina olivacea 227 
Pliilippina purpurea 

219 
pipiians . . 198 

polita , . 245 

pulchella 21; 

purpurta . . 270 
pyrrhjptora 197' 

purilla . . 220 

rubra ., 199 

sanguinea . . 200 
baiiLluinolenta 201 
Sunnio .. 172 

scarlatina . . 239 
»>ongalensi3 23C 



VOLUME IV. 

Piisre 

Certhia Spiza 275, 277 

— Souimanga 222 

— Surinaniensis 273,291 

— tabacina .. 218 

— Tacazza . . 2'2G 

— tenuirostris 194 

— trocliilea . . C/1 

— variegata , 2S4 

— vertiraHs . . '2(J1 

— vcstia'-'.a . . 193 

— vio'acea ,. 213 

— ' ,ens . . 200 
viriilis 239, '272 

— undulata , . 2G3 

— Zeylonica 227, '234 
Chddilsir . . . . 124 

I Chicli . . . . 28G 

j Chiglet . . . . 2G'2 

i Chute RIaus runga . . 44 1 

Cinnamon . . . , 2G1 

Cinnyris afTinis .. 171 

— longirostria 251 ' 

— Madag. olivac. 174 
Cochitototl . . . . 109 
Colibri 



— Sperata 



219, 221 



301, 329,350, 351 

— a collier rouge 308 

— - cravate verte 305 

— - from, jaune 319 

— - gorge carmiii 301 

— - gorge grenat 300 

— - longue ([ueue 293 

— - picdd vlIus 315 

— - ijueue grenat 300 

— - queue violet 303 

— - tt'te orange 319 

— - ventre ccndr' 816 

— - ventre noir 313 

— - ventre piccjuetc 360 

— - ventre roussatre 315 

— bleu .. .. Sir 
•— bleu des grands bois 3 

— de Chili . . 300 ] 

G 



Pilll c 

Colibri de St. Dominguc 304 

— c*' Rloxiqiie 3 In 

— g and . . 29 1 

— liuppe , . 2MI I 

— petit .. 318, see 

— pourpri' a Collier bUni 

;ii'i 

— topaze . . 2'.H 

— topaze Keblige 291 

— vert .. .. 3t):i 

— rert & noir . . 3U 

— violet . . 3( )' 
CoibiCalao .. IGl 
Corvus carunculatus 15s 

— paradoxus 15S 
Cosero-RIcnagere 15'2 
Creeper, aerial ,. 2()(i 

— African 239, 240 

— agde . . 204 

— all-green .. 277 

— Amboina . . 245 

— amethystine 272 

— amethystine-throatoii 

254 

— Angiladian 23'^ 

— ash -bellied 20' 1 

— nu'^tralasian 171 

— Bahama . . 'iSo 

— band-bellied 225 

— band-breasted 260 

— barred-tail 254 

— beautiful 217 

— bifasciated '248, 285 

— black and blue 2S( • 

— black and violet 27 I 
black and yellow 282 

•— black-capped 275 

— black-eyed 1 73 

— black-fronted 277 

— black-headedl75,27". 

— black-necked 253 

— black-tailed 25o 



1 



w 



i' i 



Creeper, 












VOLUME IV. 












I'ol;^ 1 






Page 






/'.-.. 


black, white, and red 


Crecpei 


, famous 


214 


Creeper, 


Philippine 


219 




243 


— 


fly-catching 


197 


— 


polished 


'.145 


blue 


9.73 


— 


fulvous 


269 


— 


Porphyrian 


270 


blue-faced 


255 




gartered 


279 


— 


purple 248 


27n 


blue-headed 


256 


— 


genus 


207 


— 


radiated 


25(. 


blue-headed, green • 


— 


gilded 


287 


— 


red 


■ids 




277 


— 


Goulparah 


221 


— 


red and grey 


24': 


blue-rumped 


23!) 


— 


graculine . . 


1G6 


— 


red-backed 241 


24;i 


blue-throated 


280 


— 


green 


272 


— 


red-banded 


24 1 


bluish-breasted 


20J 


— 


green-faced 


267 


— 


red-billed 


25'J 


Brazilian 


2S5 


— 


green-gold 


237 


— 


rcd-breasted2l9 


,239 


brown 


271 


— 


grey 


231 


— 


red-brown 


25S 


brown and whit 


■1 


— 


gular 


270 


— 


rcd-yilt 


25 s 


220 


,234 


— 


hoary 


180 


— 


red-runi})ed 


20'^ 


ca-rulean . . 


204 


— 


hooded 


194 


— 


red-si)otte(l 


24:.! 


Cape 


249 


— 


hook-billed great 191 


— 


Saccharine 


22;. 


cardinal 


1<)9 


— 


.. green 192 


— 


saOi'on 


21.; 


carmclite 


25(3 


— 


. . red 


193 


— 


sanguineous 


201 


carmine 


OQl 


— 


Javan 


265 


— 


scarlet 


I'.i;- 


Cayenne 


278 


— 


ignoble 


175 


— 


Seban 


2r;K 


Ceylonese 2'i7 


234 


— 


Indian 


259 


— 


Senegal 


23'. 


chestnut-crown. 


252 


— 


Indigo 


262 


— 


shining 


21 ( 


chicli 


286 


— 


Leona 


234 


— 


sickle-billed 


l!U 


Chiglet 


265 


— 


long-billed 


251 


— 


slender-billed 


I'.t; 


Chirping 


198 


— 


Lotens 


235 


— 


small-crested 


2()l 


cinereous . . 


21G 


— 


lunated 


203 


— 


snutf-colourcd 


2 is 


cinnamon . . 


261 


— 


Macassar . . 


258 


— 


South American 


2M' 


cochineal . . 


201 


'— 


Mahratta 


238 


— 


splendid 226 


,24<' 


collared 


247 


— 


mellivorous 161 


,173 


— 


sjiot-earcd 


I'.i:- 


common 


209 


— 


meropine . . 


223 


— 


spotted-breasted 


257 


Comyns'3 


229] 


— 


mocking . . 


172 


— 


strait-billed 


■J5'.' 


copper 


271 


— 


mountain 


267 


— 


sugar 


23 S 


crested-small 


201 


— 


New Caledonian 


264 


— 


superb 


257 


crimson 


20<J 


— 


New Holland 


171 


— 


tufted 


251 


crimaon-backed 


241 


— 


New Zealand 


156 


— 


tufted-eared 


19; 


crimson-bellied 


24« 


— 


olive-green 


210 


— 


varied 


257 


cupreous 


271 


— 


orange- backed 


244 


— 


variegated 


2.Si 


tyaneana 


280 


— 


orange-breasted 


264 


— 


violet 


222 


Dirigang . . 


182 


— 


OK-eye 


209 


— 


violet-breasted 


24S 


eastern 


23« 


— 


Paraguan 


266 


— 


violet-headed 


21. J 


eximious . . 


266 


— 


pectoral 


<iGG 


— 


violet-tailed 


232 


familiar 


264 


— 


peregrine 


282 


— 


violet-throated 


221 



:^: ' if 



-1 

:Ii' 



^--J -:-if«-" K;i:;,_:.:p^::i:. 



',i45 

248, '27n 
'2r>(. 

■21 is 
'2.1'^2 

'241, ^'.».; 

'24-) 



'25S 
20-2 
243 
22f. 

^2(») 

'ids 
'23'. 
•^21 1 
li)l 
IIK 
'201 
'21s 



238 
'2r,7 
251 
1!»7 
257 
2b4 
22'2 
tc'tl 848 
[1 2ia 
23'2 
ted '2'21 



■ 

t reeiicr, undulated 263 

— Wall .. 211 

— wattled .. 170 

— white-collared 203 

— Wien .. 271 

— yellow . . 244 

— yell. -bellied 229, 283 j 

— . . cheeked 273 | 

— . . eared 195 | 

— . . lumped 203 , 

— .. winged 197, 250 
( vow, wuttled . . 15S 
C uituiiia . . . . 74 
I">;Kelo pulchella .. 15 
Oaiwane . . . . 197 
Dci-weed-gang . . 131 
Dtiojrani; . . . . KJS 
Dic.-euui eruentatum 243 

tlavuiii . . 244 

Dirigang, Deigong 182, 183 
Kee-eve . . . . 193 

Kiss vogel . . . . 35 1 

— l)a:-tard . . 82 
Eineraudc Aniethyste 32(i 
focal bouclc 337,338 
Kurylaiiiiu-i Javanicus 96 
I'alcinellus aiboreus nost. 289 

— Cauda septcm 

unciai'uni 296 

— colore Passeris 220 

— Colubii 259 

— gutture viridi 291 

— vcrtice cauda(jue 

cyaneis 295 
I'lorisuga .. 331 

Flycatcher, coach-whip 187 

— green bk. -capped 

276 

— grey and yell. 83 

— green blue-headed 

277 

— Mustachot 177 



VOLUME IV. 

Page- \' /'^;'' 

Flycatcher, yeliow -tufted 197' GriinpereauverddeMadag.235 



Foulehaio .. 170 

Founnilier . . . . 71 

Fouruier des Buenos Ayres 151 



— verd du Cap. 23!' 

— verd tachete 27's 

— vert du Brazil 277 



Fowl frecjuenting Rivera 

Frier- Dird 

Fuscalbin 

Galbula albirostris . . 

— Cauda longiore 
•^ grandis 

— loDgicauda 

— Paradisaja 

— viridis 
Ghotarre 
Gip Gip 
Glanzvogel 
Gnat-snapper 
Gobe-mouche 
Goo-ge-na-gan 
Goo-gwar-ruck 
Goruck 

Gracula nobiiis 
Grinipereau 



13 li Guainumbi 



103 
203 
6 
3 
3 
5 
5 
2 
27 
55 
2 
118 
76 
10 
16() 
161 
157 
209,210 
i'l dos r )uge 241 
A longue queue 2 1 4 
de Luzon 219 

221,227 
de Malacca 229 
Je muraille 211 
des Philippines 2 19 
du Bresil 28() 

gris de la Chine 

254 
des Philippines2:U 
jaunatre 320 

olive des Phil, 227 
petit desPhilip. 231 
petit ;\ longue 

queue 213 

rousfe \i tetc noire 
260 
• ur .. 244 
u2 



J44 

— major . . 352 

— minor corpore 

avireo 3l^ 

— minor corp. ciner. 

359 

— prima species 3.('-' 

— prima rostro 

incurvo 31.'i 

— prima rostro nigro 

31(1 
Gucpicr .. 118, 15<i 

— ii Collier Madag. 12'2 

— - longue queue 14 < 

— - tt'te grise 151 

— - tete jaune 12'' 

— - iL-te jaune & blanchi 

1 i" 

— - t('-te rouge 13" 

— dc Madagascar 127 

— grand des Philipp. l^'-* 

— grand vert & bleu 12) 

— grig d'Ethiope I ! i 

— marron i!t bleu 1 4 1 

— petit vert de blanc 1 f:< 

— rouge ;\ tiJteblanc li'' 

— rouge & vert 14'i 

— vert ailea & queue 

TOussea 14.' 

— vert a gorge bleue 1 2'. 

— vert a queue d Azur 

I'i'.' 

— vert a que. etagec 13;.< 
Guira-cnereba 
Guit guit a tete noire 

— fauve 

— pourpre 

— rouge 



280 
16'} 
269 
270 



M 



I' 



', n 



t '■ 



Habia dcs licux aquatiques 350 
Hadalli bimiti . . 343 

Haiisse-col dorti . . 301 

— vert . . 302 

— vert i'l JQucue 

fourchue 228 
Heieotairc 191, 192, 19S 

— i'l ailes jauncs 197 

— - coiO'e noire I'M 

— - Collier blanc 203 

— - oreilles jaunes 197 



— 


ardoisL' . . 180 


— 


bleu . . 204 


— 


brun . . 205 


— 


cramoisi 200 


— 


ecarlate . . 299 


— 


graculii . . 166 


— 


gris . . 195 


— 


mouchetit 202 


— 


noir ist blanc 171 


— 


sanguin . . 201 


— 


tacheti; 171,201 


— 


tachcte rouge 201 


Hiito 


45 


Hoho 


191 


Hoitzillin 


2C0 


Hoizit-ziltotoll .. 310 


Honey-eater, agile . . 204 


— 


barred- tail 




119, 205 


— 


blk. & yellow 165 


— . 


blk. -cheeked 196 


— 


blk. -chinned 189 


— 


black-eared 176 


— 


black-eyed 185 


— 


black-headed 175 


— 


blue-cheeked 167 


— 


brown . . 205 


— 


buff-winged 178 


— 


ca-rulean 204 


_ 


Cardinal 199 


_ 


carunculated 170 



VOLUAIE IV. 














PlIUC 






/',..-, 


Honey-eater, chattering 


164 


Honey-eater, spotted 


202 


— 


chirping 


198 


— 


streaked 


177 


— 


coach-whip 


187 


— 


tufted-eared 


197 


— 


cochineal 


201 , 


— 


wattled 


15H 


— 


cowled 


162 


— 


white-browe 


1172 


— 


crimson 


200 


— 


white-collar. 


203 


— 


Dirigang 


182 


— 


white-crown 


1(J!» 


— 


doubtful 


181 


— 


white-eared 


1B». 


— 


dusky 


188 


— 


white-fronte( 


117.< 


1 


embroidered 


165 


— 


white-jawed 


17:» 


— 

t 


Happing 


195 


-— 


white- napcd 


16.S 


1 __ 


genus 


153 ' 


— 


yellow-bellie 


llbl 


— 


g()Ul-crownedl84 ' 


— 


yellow-crowned 


— 


gold -winged 


160 






\ti(, 


— 


graculine 


166 


— 


yellow-eared 


195 


— 


hoary 


180 


— 


yellow-tufted 137 




hoary-headed 184 


— 


yellow-wingcil 


— 


hooded 


163 






197 


— 


hook-billed 


191 


Honey-sucker, blue- faced 


168 


— 


hook-billed 






King 


Ih, 




green 


192 




warty- faced 165 


— 


hook-bill, red 193 


Hookoo 


. • 


191 


— 


ignoble 


175 


Hoopoe, 


African 


102 


— 


knob-fronted 161 


— 


common 


99 


— 


lunulated 


180 


— 


Madagascar 


103 


— 


marbled 


188 


— 


smaller 


102 


— 


mcUivorous 


161 


Hornero 


. . 


152 


— 


mocking 


172 


Hum. B 


admirable 


:iih 


— 


Molucca 


190 


— 


all green 


35(i 


— 


B'urine 


179 i 


— 


amethystine 


357 


— 


mustachoe 


177! 


— 


ash-bellied 


.ilO 


— 


New Holland 171 


— 


aurora 


33S 




olive 


174 1 


— 


aurulent 


3o; 


— 


pacific . . 


178, 


— 


banded 


3(;o 


— 


pale -cheeked 167 


— 


black 


3.M 


^. 


Poc .. 


156 


— 


black and blue 


337 





red -eyed 


203 


— 


black-bell;ed 


31,> 


— 


red-rumped 


202 


— 


black-breasted 


302 





rufous-\entedl83 


-- 


black- capped 


296 


— 


sanguineous 


201 


— 


black-streaked 


309 


— 


sickle-billed 


191 


— 


blue-fronted 


352 


_ 


slender-billed 194 ' 


— 


blue-headed 


357 



M'l 



177 

ired 197 
loH 
oweii 17'2 
liar. 20;5 
own. l(Ji» 
red 18»> 
mtedl7,i 
,ved 17:» 
pcd ICs 
elliedlhl 
■owned 

1S(. 
ired 195 
iftcd 157 
ingcd 

197 

iced 1()S 

lb, 

"aced 1G5 
1;>1 

lU'J 

io;{ 

15'^ 
318 

35G 
35" 
310 
338 

3o; 
a()0 

3.«il 
le 337 

31,'{ 
a M'> 

'Z'JG 

d 3oy 

35« 
357 



IJuni. 





Pai;, 


B. blue largest 


311 


blue-necked 


35S 


blue-tailed 


'295 


blue-throated 


320 


brilliant 


329 


bright- throated 


309 


broad-shafted 


H'il 


bronze-crowned 355 


brown-crested 


340 


brown-crowni^d 


331 


brown little 


335 


tull'-stiiped 


294 


carbuncle 


337 


Cayenne 


351 


Chili 


300 


crested green 


339 


crimson-headed 




blue 


317 


curve-billed 


358 


curvi' -winged 


322 


dwskv-crowned 


329 


Ekeberg's 


216 


V.iiiei'ald 


350 


thioafed351 


fan-tailed 


339 


fervid 


304 


fire-tailed 


291 


fork-tailed 


295 


297 


299 j 


fork-tailed blue 


299 ; 


• ijamet-throatetl 


30Oj 


Genus 


286 


gilt-crested 


357 


gilt-tailed 


358 


gold-throated 


332 1 


great 


21g| 


green and blue 


326- 


ereen gold 


303 ' 


greeai son all 


^m 


gre«ik<hroated 


305 


g3M»B-winged 


301 i 


srey-bellied 


334 i 



Hum, 



VOLUME IV 

B. grey-necked 
Guiana 
Harlenuin 
larger 
least 
little 
long-billed 



304 Hum. n. Vieillot's 



33(J 
37G 
332 
359 
320 
351 



long- tailed 291,295 ij 
Mango 302,310,311 [I 



violet 

violet-eared 

violet-tailed 

waved-breasted 

wedge-tailed 

white-bellied 

white-billed 

white-collared 

whitt^tailed 

wnife-teniijled 

while-vented 

yellow-fronted 

yellow-throated 



33S 



Hujipe 
Hu()|)e-col 

— do B, Esp. . . 
~ grise 
301 I Hunial, Hurryba 
3-! } ! Jacuniiciri 

I.icainar !i long-ue nueue 

— cupreous 
Genus 

— ^reat 

— green 

— Paradise 
•— 1 ufous-tailed 

— white-billed 



351 

307 
341 

J I r:', 

;51» 
:jnr, 
su 

.;tn 

:iC: 

51',) 

99, in.' 

.i4s 



iM3 

125 



Negro . . .■(12 

orange-faceil :i28 i 

orange-headed 319 

Paradise . . 290 

patch-necked 333 

punctulated 310 

jnirple-crowned 319 

purple-tailed 311 

racket-tailed 

red-breasted 

red-throated 

ruby-crested 

ruby-headed 

ruby-necked 

ruby-throated 

rtill'-nerked 

rufous-bellied 

lufous-crested 

rufous-throated 

St. Domingo aOfi Jacobine 

Sapphire 

Sapphire i\ Emerald J Jsculator cinere«B 

32y i Jaguacatj-guacu 51, 

satin-tailed 3".:i .larbird 

scalloped 3G0 Jsuraszini 273, 277, 2S7 

snissars-taili d 998 Icterocephale . . 12'> 

fipotted-neckea 310 In^ualtikin .. 2S3 

3<?5 ! Ispida . . . , 1 '> 



•Si ! 
33>i 
330 
3-19 
350 
315 
349 
303 
30« 
,327 



3'2'; 
50 
.53 

';4 



streaked-necked '^20 

supercilious -293 

Tobago ■J35 

Topaz ., "CQl 

(ufted-necked .118 



— Americana ciErulea 58 

— .Arocf. viridis 5(1, 58 

— Bongalensis 43, 4 1 

— Bengalensis major 19 

— Bengalensis luniutttn 1' I 



.■■iff. 



:\>' I 






Npiihi Brazilicnsis 55 

— Uraziliensis na;via 53 

— Cap. H. S|H'i 11 

— t'arolincnsia cri^tata 50 

— Cauda iiidIU lis 

— Cauda nigra 20!) 

— Cayaiitiisis . . 48 

— Dominic, cristata 5';2 

— ex alho i<i nigro varia 1 5 

— Iiiiiica 15, »2 

— Indica toivjuata ".'> 

— Madagascaricnii.! 19, 10 

— McxicaiKi . . 4i) 

— I'liilippeniis eiialala -15 

— Sencgalonsi.s 38 

— Siiiyinonsi.- IS 

— Suiiiianicnbis 5 

— IVinatana . . 1* 
~ viiidis, &c. . . 1'2'2 

K:iciiant;an . . . . \3'i 

Kaknpit . . . . '240 

Kama bimiti . . J'-l 

Klll^:^lislK■I■, AtVican yrcai j 

l.i.. U ! 

— aniazonian lit ! 

— azuiv (Jl j 

— liaboucard 3(! I 

— belted 50, 52 ' 

— Bengal great ly i 

— beautiful 15 

— Biru . . 22 

— black and white 15 

— black -bucked 32 

— black- <a)ipfd 31 

— black-winged 10 

— blue-breasted 4.3 

— blue-headed 41 

— Brazilian 55 
~ Brazil, spotted 53 

— brown great 9 

— Cape II 

— Cayenne 48 



VOM'iMli: IV. 

Kingsfislier, cinereous 

— collared 

— common 



/>.7i'C 

49 
27 
35 
20 
23 
45 
21 
46 
17 



coroniandel 

crab-eating 

crested . . 

dun 

eastern . . 

Egy|itian 

terruginous- 

bellieil 34 

genus . . 8 

giant . . y 

green-headed 28 

Gurial . . 12 

Javan . . Oo 

Indian .. 43 

Liljyan . . 32 

long-tailed 5 

Luzonlan (JO 

Rleningting 21 

New Guinea 17 

New Holland 11 

Nubian ,33 

pied .. 15 

jnirjile . . 40 

r(;d-headed 39 

resj)ected 29 

rose-cheeked 42 

rufous , . 40 

rufou» & green 54 
sacred 25, 50' 

Seneg-al 23 
Smyrna 18, 19 

sjiottcd 54 

supercilious 50" 

Surinam 5(i 

swallow-tailed 5 

Tenroujoulon 22 

I'ernatc 47 

tridactyle 59 

tridigitated '11 



Kingsfislier, Trinidad 57 

- venerated 28 

- \\liite & green 55 

- white-billed 5« 

- vvliite-collared ' 25 

- white-headed 22 
Klauber .. .. ci 
Kogo ., .. i5f, 
Kolibii, &c. . . ^.^s 

— kleiuste . . .irtU 

— niit dem Halsschuiuch 

34 s 

— topaz kchlige 291 
Koot(i-o-oo . . 2<i 
Kuyametra . . iy>i 
Laughing Bird . . lo 
Loggerhead (J5, GJ, 70 
Lohao nuikia . . ti 
Luscinia jjcctore tiavo 2.S,{ 

— seu Philomela is.i 
Maasrunga, AJaas Gurial 12 
IManueodiata .. i,', i 

Martin-chasseur . . ;< 

l\Iarlin-])escheur 35, 5(J 

— — .1 bee blanc 58 

- eoiilc noire 30 

' - collier blanc 27 

- do9 bleu 1 1 

- front jaune 39 

longs brins 47 

• tcte grise 23 

- tite verte 2S 

bleu & noir 24 

bleu <x roux ly 

crabier . . 23 

—— de Bengale 43 

— — de Cote de Malabar 

lit 

de la J.iOuisane 51 

— — de la nouvelle 

Guince 17 

Luzon 91, <;o 



[Ji^^-^^m^ 



VOLUME IV. 





<i■^ 




lot, 




:uh 




iiry'J 


sschmuch 




3-i.S 


e 


'■I'.)] 




■id 




i'M 




lu 


o, G* 


, 7(» 




a 


J 


'ZKi 


."la 


'iS3 


rial 


1^2 


• 


l.U 


3.1 


it 


ic 


58 


oire 


30 


jlanc 


■-'7 


1 


U 


tune 


3!i 


rins 


47 


se 


•Iti 


tc 


'.;s 


ir 


24 


IX 


ly 


. 


13 


:i 


\3 


Malabar 




1!» 


sane 


Jl 


elle 






17 


91, 


»)0 





r<(i;e 






/'<;; c 






/><,;<■ 


Al:ii tin-pescheur tlu Cap 


de 


Mellisuga pectore rubro 


344 < Meropg Maleiubicus 


Li.-ri 


B. Esp. 


11, IG 


- 


Ronckje dicta 


318 — 


Moluccensis 


190 


.Senegal ' 


23,41 


- 


Suiinarnensis 


333 — 


Monacliuj 


\>n 


(I'un vert somb, 49 


- 


Thaumantias 


330 — 


nigt-r 


i:)7 


grand de Mar 


ag.19 


Mellivora avis cristata 


290 . — 


nova" Zea'andiiC 


i.",(i 


Imppt: 14,45 


49,52 


1 _ 


Mexicana 


313 ' — 


Orii'utalis 


134 


hnppi de IMex. 4!) 


1 Meni 


ngting 


l\, 22 — 


ornatus 


13() 


liiippi- de Doniin. 


Merit 


ecaiili'; 


165 


— 


Pcrsica 


l-js 




52 


— 


petit de Malabar 


189 


— 


Philip)iinu3 


I'i'.i 


nnuv. Guinee 


9, 17 


Mero 


pe 


IKS 


— 


]ilirygin.s 


li)', 


petit vert 


.^7 


j Mero 


ps /Egyptius 


121 


— 


rufiis 


\r>\ 




43 




albifrons 


14.5 


— 


?Scha;glraglia 


\>i 


pie 


15 


— 


p'.tC- 


126 


— 


Spiza 275 


'27'. 


pourpri'- 


40 


— 


Angolensis . . 


133 — 


aii])i'rbu.'3 


1411 


roux de Madag 40 


— 


Apiaster 


lis — 


supcTciliosub 


I '2 7 


tote & cou de 


paille 




auritus 


176 — 


Surinaniensis 


ir.o 




22 


— 


badius 


144 j — 


viridis 


1'2- 


vert & blanc 


55 


— 


bicolor 


138 1 — 


Urica 


14^;' 


^— vert & orangf 


57 


— 


Brazilienaia 


150 Moho 


. . 


157 


vert & roux 


54 


— 


ciEruleocephalus 


139 I Moucherollc 85, 87, 


116 




49 


— 


ccer lescens 


134 ! Murrit; 


ang 


4 1 


violet de Cor. 


20 


— 


caruncuiatus 


158 1 Muscic 


apa aiiricomis 


197 


^.latuiti 


53 


— 


castaneus 


144 : — 


crepitans 


1.S7 


Mauchungee 


227 


— 


Cayanensis 


149 1 — 


mystacca 


177 


Maiierspecht 


211 


— 


chrysocophalus 


121 ] Nectar 


nia txiinia 


'idt, 


Melino-orghi 


121 


■— 


chrysopterus 


160 j — 


Javauica 


•J 6 5 


^'leiiphaga cyanops 


166 


— 


cincinnatus 


156 j! — 


pcctoralis 


26(. 


— Javeneis 


189 


— 


cinercus 


151 , Negho- 


barrc 


17 '2 


Mcllisuga 


359 


— 


congener 


126 ' Nemi^cu-apetliay-shish 


67 


— Brazil. Cauda bif. 352 | 


— 


corniculatus 


161 , Noirbleu 


337 


— Brazil, gut. top 


330 


-^ 


Coromandus 


135 Nutcracker, Nutjobber 


64 


— Carol, gut. rubro 344 


-■ 


cucullatus 


163 Nuthatch, black-capped 69, 70 


— Cayanensis 


351 


— 


cyanops 


167 


— 


black-headed 


65 


— Cay. Cauda bif. 


299 


— 


erythrocephalus 


139 


— 


brown-headed 


67 


— . . ventre albo 332 


— 


erythropterus 


140 


— 


Canada 


69 


— . . vent, griseo 


384 


— 


fasciolatus 


157 


— 


Cape 


73 


— coccinea 


193 


— 


flavicans 


135 


— 


Carolina 


<;6 


— cristata 


329 1 


— 


fusca 


105 1 


— 


European 


i;2 


-^ Dotninicensis 


351 || 


— 


Galilceus 


118 j 


— 


ferruginous-bel 


74 


-.- Jamaic. Cauda bif.296 i 


— 


garrulus 


164 I 


— 


frontal 


74 


.— Jamaic. viol, cauda 


— 


gularis 


136 


— 


Genus 


62 


bifurca 


29711 


■^ 


Javanicus 


132 


_ 


great 


69 



M' 



I is; 



N utljatcli, grot'ii 

— Jillllilicu 

— Iiidiuii 

~ ItilSt 

~- loiig-blilfd 



I'ajjc 
7() 
70 

7;j 

(37, (j8 j 

Go I 
73 

78 ! 
77 1 



.If i 



— jN'ew fjolliind 

— oiuiigt-wingtd 

— pluiiiLi'oiis 71 . 

— iLd-l)..lli.'ii CO; 

— iMisty . . 75 

— Seiie-al 78 

— sln'.rp-taiicd 75 

— i-liouldcr-kiiiit GO 

— small ,. G7 

— spotted 71 

— Suiiiiani 7"2 

— wliitu-broiist'jcl 05 
<,Ms'au bniii i'l b-cCriiii. 2G7 
< •i<caii-iiiouulii.- .1 bt'c !i). G5.'> 

a Collar 324 

" - ciaviitf iloic ;j32 

■ " ■ - gorf4'i. & vctitre 
blancb 332 ! 

- gorge rouge 342 

— - gorge tachetc-e 

325 
— _ — ™ - gdig,. tnj)aze331 
■" — — — - gorge verte 351 
—■— - gosicr dorc 347 

— liiippi; blcue 240 

' - larges tiiyaux 

321 

— long bee 354 

- ' long rjueue 295 

■ - 1. I]. (I'acier 

bruni 209 
- — — — ~ noire 2'JG 

-* ametlivBtc 357 

u oroilics 341 

— — ~ ~ poitrine bleue 
326 



VOLUME IV. 

Oisiau-ninuclie poitrine verti' 
333 
'■ (lueue fourcluie 

209, 352, 357 
■ — ra(|uetti;s 33S 

tete obijcur 329 

•' ventngris 351 

aiixteinpsblaiiclies 

3G1 
^— — brim gris 332 

' cvniiocepliale 357 

(k-luCiiiani 33(i 

de Tobago 33(! 

liuppe 339 

Maugc 335 

. pttit ;. (|uenc 

fonrchiie 357 ' 

i)hit petit 359 i 

pourpre 335 j^ 

-—- — [lou'pre ;\ bee Ij 
Grinipereau 270 P 

— ■ tout vert 350 
— — — vert (lore 361 

- violet a queue 

I'oureluu 297 

Oora Mutelie Rungali 123 

Opliie .. .. 151 

Orilintomus sepium 2G5 

Orvert .. .. 35G 

Oudud ,, ,. 102 

Ourissiu .. ,. 327 

Papilio .. ,. 273 

Parus laeie Piei . . G2 

I'alerunga, Peliqiie 130 

Patiritli-tirich ,. 127 

Paxaeo aranero .. 212 

Perroquct de terre 82 

I'lnledoi) 150, 157, 200 

Phulehuyia ., 222 

Pica Teniataua . . 47 

Piccino, Piccolo .. 2G9 

PicdeMuraille .. 211 



Pic petit du Mresil 280 

Pic-griinpertau a ailes & i|U 
rousaeg 28G 
— - dore 2Si. 

Pieus niurarius , . 211 

Pie A Pendeloc|ue» lOiS 

— petit du I3ret.il 28(' 

Pia=truu bianc ,, 304 

— noir , , 31(1 
Plattselinabel gruiie >il 
Platyrin(|ue .. 94,95 
Pliclii-keinbang 2<iii 
Poe Ijird . . .. 15(> 
Poloehioii .. .. 10(1 
Polytmus .. 193, 31.>- 

— uurulentus 307 

— IJraziliensis 315 

— ea'rul. Indicus 25:i 
'— Cayaii. lot\gic. 293 

— Cayanus violaceii- 

30; 

— Douiiuicensis 

— elegans 

— Janiaieensis 

— Intlicus 

— i\Iexicanub 

— JMexic. long. 

eristatus 



cviuieus 
longieaudus 
punetulatus 
Surinainensi 
Surin. longic. ruber 
291 
viridis 



30<. 
29> 
31(1 
25> 
313 
rub 
291. 
317 
295 
31n 
30^- 



Pomatoriuus inontanusi 



303 

207 

or 



Poopoo-u liouroo-roa 

Priuia taniiliaris 20* 

i Prist andun ., 251 

Proiiierops , , 114 

— ii ailes bleues 104 

— A bee rouge 109 



' : 



VOLUME IV. 



'280 

C (|U 

s 2m ' 
•ill 

lots 

>2&(' 

;]0-l 

31(1 

SI 

}4, 'j:> 

•2ii(i 
!,}(; 

J, 31.>« 

307 
315 

s -Jo;' 
. i>'J3 

307 
GOO 
•20> 
310 
2oh 
313 

ub 
■200 
317 
•2!)') 
31n 
30S 

uln.r 
•201 
303 
2()- 
'27 
'2(H 
2ol 
114 
J04 
100 







Page 


1 


Page 


rioiiiLiop 


i ii ventre rave 


105 


Sassineer Sasiii . . 


350 


_ 


Barbadeiisis 


108 


Scliieghaglia Schaekah 


122 


__ 


l)lack lesser 


111 


Seescliwalni 


120 





lilue 


112 


Sitta Caffra 


73 


^^ 


1)11111 de la N 




— Canadensis 


09 




(iuiiiee 


105 


! — Caroliiieiisis 05, 67 


_ 


Californiaii 


104 


— Chineiisis 


70 


.^^ 


Cape 


114 


! — Cliloris 


7(i 





r rested 


no 


1 , 

1 — chrysopiera 


77 


_» 


Urand 


100 


j — Europea 


62 


_ 


jail lie 


109 


— frontalis 


74 





indie, cristat. 


110 


Jaiiiaieensis 


70 


— 


Mexicaiius 


104 


— longirostra 


73 


— 


Mexic. liiteus 109 


— major .. 


09 


— 


N. Californiaii 104 


— major capite nigro 


70 


— 


New Guinea 




— iniridr 


65 




Ijrowii 


105 


— naevia 


71 


— 


(liivatre 


143 


! — pusilla 


67 





orange 108 


109 


j — SurinatiJensis 


72 


— 


Paradise 


110 


Sittelle . . 02, 09 


— 


rave 


105 


a bec-crocliu 


G9 


— 


red-l)ille(l 


109 


— - iiuppe noire 


70 


— 


striped .. 


105 


— - tete noire 


65 


— 


superb 


106 


— grivelee 


71 


— 


tufted . . 


112 


— petite i\ tet(' bicue 67 


— 


yellow . . 


109 


Sooelioora 


123 


Pioiiieiii|)L- 


116 


Souiuianga 1 14, 245, 


247 


I'triiiga, p 


urtiiiga 


123 


— a bee droit 


259 


Pyl-stuert 




115 


— - bee en fauc 


lie 


tv^ueciick 


. . 


160 




191 


(•^ueiiede 


Paou 


305 


— - bee rouge 


252 


Utj{ulus I 


idicus 


331 


— - ceinture bleue 


]{oi <Jes G 


nbe-mouches 


87 




247 


Koiickje 


■ . 


318 


— - cein. marron 


219 


Kossigiiol deMuraillel 11(1. 262 j 


— - cein. orange 


244 


Ku'hucuiii 


viridis elegans 


81 


>— - Collier 


247 


RuOis 


344, 


347 


— - Coll. jaune 


249 


— cnieraudi' 


342 


— - cravate violette 


— topaze 


330 




231 


Saccliivora 


Jarnaicensis 


282 


— - dos rouge 


241 


Santa-maria 


35 


— - front & joues 


■Sapphir 


327, 328, 


329 


noircs 
H 


176 



Souimanga a front (lore 254 

— a gorge blent' 227 

— -gorge pourpre 227 

— - gorge rouge 237 

— - troru'e rousse 239 

— - gorge violette, iSce. 

•221 

— long bee 2")I 

— longue ((ueue 213 

— loiigue ()ueue 

grand 211 

— plumes soyeuses 

24r» 

— a tete bleue 250 

— • tou ties jaunes 251 

— - toutes couleurs 

237 

— - (|ueue foureliui' 

•250 

— auxailes jaunes258 

— azure .. 23^ 

— brun & blaiic 

220, 234 

— Carmelite •250 

— couleurdetabae21S 

— d'Aniboine 245 
-^ de Bourbon 203 

— de la Chine 244 

— de LiKjon •2'23 

— de Macassar 258 

— (le INIalac. 229, 25M 

— de Siena Leon 260 

— des Indes 269 

— gris 254, 203 

— I'Eclatant 253 

— noiratre 267 
^ olive k gorge 

pourpre 174 

— poiirpr6 24R 

— pourpre i poitr. 

rouge 219 

— prasinoptere 301 



ii ■?! 



VOLUME! IV. 






1 1 



i ,1 



I .1 






ill 



'^"Uiiimnga rayti . . 250 

— rouge Hi giis 242 

— rouf^e (lor6 "258 

— rouge iioir & bluuc 

243 

— varie . . 257 

— VL'rt 11 gorgf rousse 

239 

— vert &: bnin 248 

— vert & gris 202 

— vert dore, &c. 217 

— violet .. 274 

— violet >\ poitriiie 

rouge 230 

Siniiiiiuibindou . . 257 

^piirrow green . . 81 

Speclit hieu .. G'2 

— meise . . C3 
Sn-gdiiti . . . , 2(iC 
Stunins crispieollis 150 
Siuiier .. ., 282 

— Cardinalin .. 224 

— cossu .. 217 

— figuier . . 225 

— grand du Protea 114 

— Malacliite 214 

— orange ,. 213 

— rufiventris 183 

— variis color, picta 284 

— versicolor 217 

— viridis Cap. cyaneo 

277 
Sui-ganti .. .. 230 

Sukkur Khnra 227, 233 

Sylviii chrysops . . 19G 

— ttula pliienicea 81 

— rufiventris .. 183 

— variis color, picta 284 

— viridis Cap, nigro 27G 
Taiiou-yu-tchin . . 45 
Taparara . , . . 48 
Tenkeorang .. 19 



1 




Pug* 






f^UjIf 


1 Tengke-suuiho 


20 


Tody, 


blaek-lieaded 


92 


1 Tenki 


■-watu 


15 


— 


blue grey 


\y.\ 


Tenroujoulou 


22 


— 


boat-billed 


\r, 


; Tete 


hlanclie 


84 


— 


broad-billed 


'.)'•> 


Thauuiantias 


330 


— 


brown 


83 


' Tiirus 


Ji bluck-cliinncd 


169 


— 


cinereous .. 


S:j 


— 


Ijlack-eyed 


185 


— 


tiusky 


^■^ 


— 


doubtful 


181 


— 


ferruginous-i)ellie< 


.'>s 


— 


lunuted 


180 


— 


Genus 


Sd 


— 


wliite-earetl 


180 


— 


great-billed 


94 


— 


yellow-bellied 


181 


— 


green 


SI 


— 


yellow-i'ronted 


189 


— 


(luinea 


f>!) 


Ticiio 


droina pluiMiieop 


tern 


— 


Javan 


9() 


! 




211 


— 


King 


S7 


1 lictic 


. . 


83 


— 


New Holland 


97 


Titnic 


>use, naiiania 


283 


— 


plumbeous .. 


i-O 


Tingl 


e . . 22, 


20, 28 


— 


red-brensted 


9-J 


Todi 


»peeies septima 


81 


— 


re(l-crowne<l 


!)2 


Tndier 


83 


— 


rufous 


01 


— 


bleu ;\ ventre rouge 41 


— 


rusty 


fc!) 


. — 


de .fuida 


41 


— 


short-tailed 


81 


— 


de I'Aiuerique 


81 


— 


Suniatraii 


9'. 




variti 82,84, 


85, 9S 


— 


variegated 


b-1 


Todus lirachyurus .. 


84 


— 


wliit( -chinned 


N, 


— 


cinerens 


63 


— 


^v lute- headed 


84 


— 


rristatus 


87 


— 


wliite-rumped 


89 


— 


Cerrugineus . . 


89 


— 


How-bellied 


93 


— 


flavigaster 


93 


— 


y( (low-crowned 


90 


— 


fuscns 


S3 


— 


yellow-rnmped 


89 


— 


gnlaris 


80 


Tohoi 


key . . 


\h 


— 


leueocephalus 


84 


Toinineo flav. gut. Ham. 


341 


— ■ 


nasntus 


94 






347 


— 


novus 


8(i 


Tonuneius 


344 


— 


obscurus 


85 


Torel 


epot 


02 


— 


platyrynclios 


95 


- 


- du Canada 


09 


— 


plunibeus ,. 


».» 


Troebibis albus 


303 


— • 


regius 


87 


— 


aniethystiiiiis 


357 


— 


rostratus 


05 


— 


ater 


312 


— 


Rubecula 


92 


•— 


aurantius 


31 !» 


— 


variegatus 


83 


— 


auratus 300 


, 348 


— 


viridis 


81 


— 


aunt UN 


341 


Tody 


African 


91 


— 


Rnncrofli 


337 



ill 



I 

. • ,f 



t1 



I' 



.-?/>'.— d i-i'' 



.> _^' ^-4. ' 



Pat/e 

m 

h:) 
\)7 

vS.t 

^5 
ellifd SS 
M) 
94 
SI 

!)() 

U7 

Sfi 
9-2 
Oii 

01 
fc!» 
84 

!M, 

1 Ni 

64 

i f>!) 

I m 

1(1 !Mt 

(1 vS<» 

45 

luiii. 344 

347 

. . 344 

1)2 

;}(« 

nils .'i,')* 

.. 'M2 

31 it 

300, 348 

341 

337 



liilii- 









VOLl'ME IV. 












Pug,: 






/'ufrc 






Prlm 


hifdlur 


32!) 


Tidcir 


111-. Muiif^o 31( 


,311 


Tula 


phurky 


201 


Ijriizilifiisiii 


315 


— 


inur^aritaceus 


304 


Turd 


isi dubiuH 


IM 


('aiii|>_\lii)tirus 321 


— i 


INIaii^'SUs 


335 


— 


Icucotis 


1S(. 


Ca|(iMisis 


210 


— 


mellisu),'ui< 


351 


— 


liiiiulatus 


180 


i':irl)Uiu'iilu.s 


337 


— 


IIH'llivOI'llS 


324 


( 


Malabaricus 


ISO 


ciiii'iius 


310 


1 ^^^ 


luiiiimus 


359 


1 


Huhinoceplmlus 


185 


collans 


350 


— 


luiiiiitnliis 


359 





mclinus 


IM 


ciiluljiis 


344 


— 


iiiosi.'liitiis 


330 


Tyc-t 


zoy 


12 


Cli^tiltllS 


339 


— 


iiiulticolor 


310 


Tyrai 


luippi; de Cay( ill 


■ S7 


iri^tiittllii> 


357 


— 


liigei' 


351 


Uccc'llo-pescatore .. 


35 


i\ aucus 


317 


— 


nitidiis 


303 


Veloc 


- • • . . 


■20! 


(•_Villl'ICt'|)h!llllS 


357 


— 


oliscurus 


329 


Venetore 


U 


cs iiiioiiit'las 


337 


— 


oriiatiis 


348 


Vcrbriiii 


10> 


cyuiiurus 


295 


— 


Ourissia 320 


,327 


Verdin de laCoihinChitie 1S9 


(loininicus 


300 


— 


I'aradist'iis 


290 


VlTtd 


ore i\ queue blanche 309 


flatus 


331 


— 


pcoloraiis 


302 


— c 


live 


20U 


CNiiis 


320 


1 — 


I*(.'jj;asus 


334 


— perlt! 


300 


I'lTi'ui'.-taik'd 


330 


— 


Ptila 


291 


Viiitsi 


1 • « • 


45 


liiiil)riatus 


325 


1 — 


pileatus 


340 


L I iipii 


102 


ihivil'iDiis 


319 


— 


platiii'ii.s 


338 


— 


auraiitia 108, 


109 


loiLipat lis 


299 


1 — 


I'oiytmiis 


290 


— 


Capensis 


103 


f'.irlicatus 


295 


1 — 


puiu'tulutus 


310 


. — 


Epops , . 


11!) 


tVoiitalis 


352 


— 


puiiic'L'Us 


340 


— 


erytliroryiichos 


10!« 


lnlvil'ioiisi 


328 


— 


piirpuratiis 


319 




Iiidica 


l|-.i 


t'(ilvu;i 


209 


— 


ic'curvi rostra 


358 


— 


inaijna 


10(J 


t'lircatus 


206 


— 


niliur 


335 


— 


Mexicana 


104 


<iralerittis 


300 


— 


I'ubillL'US 


342 


— 


Papuensis 


105 


tilaiicopis 


352 


— 


ufus 


350 


— 


Paradisea 


110 


^i*niiiieus 


^02 


— 


s.jpphirinus 


327 1 


— 


Promeropj 


in 


gra :Utiiius 


'jm 


j — 


sitriatus 


331 ! 


— 


siiperba 


100 


Ouiaiiensis 


aati 


j — 


suptrbus 


354 


— 


Wadile-erMl 


Uio 


^(iluriii 305 


320 


1 


superciliosiis 


293 


Wall-creeper 71, 


211 


liirsutus 


315 


— 


Tliaumantias 


318 


Warbl 


er, black-clieeked 


I9(i 


holosericeus 


313 


— 


Toba:^i.'iisis 


330 


_ 


rufous- %'ented 


is:} 


hypophoEUs 


331 


— 


Toniiiiuo 


347 


— 


Van Dieraen's 


171 


jl^^'|Jlaris 


301 


— 


'orquatus 


319 


— 


variable 


ISS 


latipt nnis 


321 


— 


varius 


285 


Wastermaii-Sokalie-ouad 


yo 


leucogaster 


332 


— 


vunustissimiis 


317 






lii 


leucurui 


308 


— 


violaceus 


307 


Wergo 


n 


103 


loiiiricaiuius 


338 


— 


viridis 


303 


Wiedh 


opft 


!I9 


macrourus 


299 


— 


viridissimus 


350 


Vayau 


quitotl 


295 


macolatiu 30& 


333^ 


Tsioei 


• ■ • • 


245 


Zitzil 


.. 


310 



h2 




IMAGE EVALUATION 
TEST TARGET (MT-3) 




fe 




/. 











:/. 



&; 
^ 






1.0 



I.I 



2.0 



2.2 



t MS. 



11-25 111111.4 



1.6 




Photographic 

Sciences 
Corporation 



23 WEST MAIN STREET 

WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 873-4503 






■1^ 



\ 





qv 



N> 



"% 



.V 










A( 

Ai 

Al 
Al 

•VI 
Al 
Al 
Al 



Ai 
Al 

A I 
A( 
A' 
Al 



VOLUME V. 





/'tite 




Pafe 






/UUr 


Acccnteur 


139 


Avis ignota , . 


291 


Bouvreuil grand noird'Af 


•i(iue 


Agripenne . . 334 


33C 


— nivis 


291 






21'.> 


Ala]>i 


15« 


— polyglotta 


148 


— 


noirduMexiiiui 


• 284 


Alauda magna 


G 


Ayani ayaman 


91 


— 


prasin 


226 


■Vlouetlc tie Surinam 


(>' 


Azulam 


272 


Bouveron 


263 


Alp 


'i\9 


Azuleros 


346 


Bi-ambl 


ing .. 


294 


Amazone 


337 


Azuroux 


345 


Brcs 




92 


Ammer-gersl 


305 


Oackbakiri 


65 


Bruant 


• . 


297 


— grave 


ao5 


Baglafeclit 


233 


— 


dc Bourbon 


3;iil 


Anipc-lis Americana 


175 


Daniahbou 


106 


— 


lIc Orasil 


341 


— carnifex 


183 


Batara a amygd. nucs 


78 


— 


de Haye 


30O 


— carunculata 


180 


Baya berbera, &c. 


231 


— 


du Cap de B. Esji. 


78 


— cayana 


178 


Biiuwa Culiora 


66 






318 


— cinerca 


189 


Bee croisf 206 


,209 


— 


familier 


323 


— coccinea 


184 


— rond . . 270 


288 


— 


Fou 


303 


— Cotinga 176 


,177 


— rond ;i ventre rouge 


288 


Bruch-drosscl 


2a 


— cristata 


187 


j Befroi grand 


168 


Brunei du Cap 


78 


— cuprea 


184 


Bell-Bird 


186 


Brunoi 


• 


79 


— Garnilus 173 


175 


Binglis 


226 , 


Urunor 




25(» 


— Maynana 


182 


Bird-like Canary 


227 


Bulbul 


80, S2 


— phceoicea . . 


193 


Bob Lincoln 


335! 


Bulbuli 


-huzu-daustaun 


■'.» 


— Pompadora 


188 


Bochrit 


118; 


Bultinc 


h 


217 


— ter»a 


179 


Bombycilla Bohemica 


173 


— 


China 


347 


— variegata 


185 


— Carolinensis 


175 


— 


greatest 


213 


— umbellata 


194 


— Cedroruni 


175 


— 


little black 


2H4 


— umbrella 


194 


Bombycivora 


173 


— 


little brown 


•iho 


Amsel 


34 


Bonjour Commandeur 


318 ! 


Bunting, Amazon's 


337 


Annumbi rouge 


183 


Boubil dc la Chine 


113 


— 


Angola 


316 


Araponga 


186 


Boubou 


94 


— 


Aoonalaschkaii 


32« 


Atic-koom-a-shish 


279 


Bouvret 


265 


— 


Baden 


341 


Averano 180, 181 


185 


Bouvreuil 217 


,265 




barred-tail 


320 


Avicula Amboin. cinerea 


84 


— 11 bee blanc 


284 


— 


black 


338 


— de Pipitzon 


183 


— - gorge *t sourcils 


— 


black-breasted 


292 


Avis Amer. cristat. Xomotl 175 


rouges 


272 


— 


black-chinned 


319 


— Amer. rubicilla 


287 


— - plumes frisees 


263 


— 


black-crowned 


328 


— exot. obicur. ccrrulea 245 


— - ventre roux 


250 


— 


black-faced 


255 




': Ml 

i i1 



■':]:'« 



'fffFW 



::!I3 



Hiiiiiiiiu, 









voi.i Mi: V 












I'll J f 1 






/•'-/i'. 


1 




r,iLi 


bill, long-tailt'd 


315 1 


Bunting 


, mountain 


2!»4 


Calfat, (J 


dlat 


.131 


blk.-th routed 


33!) 


— 


miistathoe . . 


310 


Canari-bi 


tir, Canari-eaiei 


(;5 




340 


— 


olive 


340 


Carilenal Dominico . . 


279 


l.hie 


345' 


— 


orange-should. 


235 


Cardinal, 


crested 


279 


blilc-tUceil 


3'2!» 


— 


Ortolan 


2!)5 


— 


Dominican 2*^ 


il'.i 


15(111 ibon 


330 


— 


painted 


347 ' 


— 


de la Guiane 


IMI 


Brazilian 


341 1 


— 


Fauayan 


31fi 




du Cap. 


223 


brown 


.W.) ' 


— 


])U,ieiine 


309 


Cardinalis Angolensia 


Z'35 


Cati'nuian 


318 


— 


pine 


323 


— 


Cap. (.'. Spei 


223 


tupe 


317 i 


— 


piping 


311 


— 


Madagaacarien. 


252 


C'iiincdlo 


319 ] 


— 


Plata 


350 


Carilloneur 


ir,7 


<,liine>e 


3'20 


— 


psittaceous 


333 


Carmin d 


e la Guiana 


1.SH 


cini'ieou- 344 


, 345 


— 


led-eyed 


331 


Cassaney 


. . 


43 


til 1 


3(K) 


— 


ied-rumi)ed 


329 


Ccblephyrib Javenbis 


.S7 


coloureci 


33'i 


— 


Uccd 


306 


— 


striga 


97 


common 


305 


— 


Rice 


334 


Cedar-Hird 


175 


rriiusoii 


321 


- — 


ruddy 


322 


Centcont 


atolli 


14.S 


eiimson-bcllied 


3'-2'2 


— 


rustic 


325 


Cephalopterus ornatus 


l'J4 


Dalmulic 


324 


— 


rusty 


337 


Chatti lei 


, Annumbi 


IS.i 


Dauurian 


332 


— 


Sandwich . . 


327 


— 


azure 


181 


Dominican 


313 


— 


bbal't-tailed 


315 


— 


blaek-headed 


ISl 


Dwai t 


32(J 


— 


snow 


291 


— 


blue-breasted 


17!' 


t'auiiiiui' 


323 


— 


Surinam 


349 


— 


liolieniian 


IT! 


ferruginous 


?38 


— 


law ny 


293 


' — 


Carolina 


17'' 


foolisb 


302 


— 


Towht: 


342 


— 


earunculated 


lh(J 


Gaur 


331 




varied 


329 


— 


cinereous 


137 


Genus 


290 




variegated 


314 


— 


crested 


1^7 


Gibraltar 


302 


— 


llnala-ihka 


327 


— 


crimson 


I-7 


green 


330 


— 


weaver 


321 


— 


cupreous . . 


1S4 


i-recn-headed 


298 . 


— 


VVhidab . . 


3 Hi 


— 


European 


17.; 


grey 


34!) 


— 


w' itc-crowned 


343 


1 — 


grey IhS 


, iM' 


Indian 


31!) 


— 


wreathed 


325 


— 


Liudu 


I'.rj 


Indigo 


345 


— 


yellow 


297 


— 


murasing 


19',; 


Lesbian 


310 


— 


bellied 


317 


— 


Faraguan 


Ih: 


long-tailed 


313; 


— 


breasted 


326 


— 


I'iauhau . . 


190 


long-tailed bik. 


315 


— 


browed 


332 


1 — 


pompadour 


18h 


Lorrain 


304 


— 


. . faced 


336 




Prib 


175 


Louisiane 


333 


— 


winged 


299 




purple-breasted 176 


luteous 


333; 


Cacicus 


alaudarius . . 





— 


purple-thruatud 17^ 


Mae! by 


299 


Calandra . . 


305 


— 


red 


183 


Mexiean 


342; 


Calandria a trois queues 


149 


— 


red-breasted 


191 


military 


323' 


— 


proprumcnt dit 


146 


— 


red- winged 


193 



VOLUME V. 





/'<(«< 


1 




/•»!,• r 


t 


/.I.. 


Chatterer, silky 


183 


! Coccothraustes Indica 


'27 fi 


Coracino l,'i7 


. 1:«1 


— spotted-breastecU*; 


— 


— Indica cristata 


274 


Corbc) 


•2l,s 


— sujH!rb 


17* 




— Ludoviciana 


279 


Cornbitter 


'209 


— variegateil 


185 


. — 


— luteaCap IJ Sjm 


:i 242 


Corowis 


2.12 


— umbrella 


1!M 


. — 


— Molucccnsis 


24ti 


Corvus aureo-viridis 


•'•7 


— white 


181 


; — 


— I'hilippensis 


'231 


— faustus 


kk; 


— wliite-winged 


181) 


— 


— purpurea . . 


272 


j — grallarius 


•J70 


Chesina 


331 


— 


— Hani!;uinea 


217 


' — iiif.uistus 


.{() 


rhewink 


343 


— 


— Sinensis 


244 


1 — rulipennis 


hi 


Chic-i^avottc, Chic-inoiistaclie 


— 


— .Sinensis cinerca 


251 


' — .Si ulcus 


no 




3in 


"~ 


— Viri;iniana 


'274 


■ — iiigerreclr. basialbis 49 


Chicliing-Koling: 


!»'2 


Codirossu niHiri^inre 


.'iO 


! Cotinga alba 


Ibo 


Chili 


un 


Colioii ,1 iloi blanc 


197 


1 — .. plumes Mjyeuses 1,S2 


Chincolo 


318 


1 ^— 


de I'anay 


202 


— bleu 


170 


Chipicr propr. (lit. 


<2\r, 


— 


du Caj). do 11. Esp 


190 


— caronculc 


isii 


Chipiu :i ti tc jaune 


331 


1 


l!Up)i(' du Senrt;al 


198 


— Cayanensis 


i:-. 


Chiunji^ 


92 


— 


fjuiriwa 


19H 


— Cordon bleu 


i:; 


Chloris 


215 


— 


rayi; 


2()1 ■ 


— de Cayenne 


i;^ 


— Javensis 


329 


— 


rayi' t^orge noire 


2()2 


— Mayanensis 


isi 


— Inilica minor 


330 


Colius Capensis 


190 


— rubra 


183 


— Liidovicianus 


347 


— 


crythropus 


197 


Couigniop . . 55, .">(; 


Choucador 


54 


— 


Indicus 


?0() 


Couit 


05 


Chottareea .. ItHJ 


, 138, 


— 


leuconotus 


197 


Cowal 


9'> 


Chuchak . . 68, 89 


— 


Panayensis 


20'2 


Cravatte blanche 


KKJ 


Chuchee, Churukua 


2,53 


— 


Ouiriwa 


198 


Crcjoa 


177 


CImy 


341 


— 


Sencgalensis . . 


198 


Crossbill .. '206 


20.S 


Cifoletta 


'217, 


— 


striatus 


201 


— white-winged 


209 


Cinclus 


40 


— 


viridis 


203 , 


Crow, golden-green 


57 


Cirlub stultus 


302 ' 


Coly, 


African 


199 


— Kock 


31 


Coccothraustes 


211 


— 


black-throated 


202 


Crown-bird 


i7<; 


• Amer, ccErul. 


2(<8 


— 


Cape 


190 


Cudor 


82 


Angolens. L'yanea'i72 


— 


genus . . 


195 , 


Cul-rousset 


.144 




218 


— 


green 


203 1 


Cuorley 


'> 


liorbonici . . 


240 ' 


— 


Indian . . 


'200 


Curouge 


81 


lirazilic jsis 


'278; 


— 


Panayan 


202 


Cusabatashish 


344 


Capcnsi! ruber 


'^74, 


— 


Quiriwa 


198 


Cyanos, seu cierulca avi» 


44 


Cap. J{. S|>ei 


241 i 


— 


radiated 


201 


Cynchramub 


305 




'282 ' 


— 


Senegal 


198 
200 


D^ieer 


72 


curvirostra 


206 


— 


striated 


Dama 


o'f; 


Gambonsis 


221 


— 


white-necked . . 


197 1 


Daw, blue and green 


50 




■.'44 


Conqucdle 


335 


Dawit 


171 




'247' 


Coquaiitotl . . 


175 


Demmah Leechan 


37 





i 

I 












4 


' ■ i; 



l[l 



I 



• 




/'ott r 




VOI.HMK V. 


I'll lie 






/*(#*,'( 


iJi |)()(lan 


5-»ungu 


87 


Ember 


za L'itrinella 


297 


1 Emberiza pruiensis 


Mi 


Dc^iPow 


ill . . 


105 


1 — 


I'occinca 


322 


— 


principalis 


31 1 


l)ick-clin;il)il 


211 


— 


i-yanea 


345 


— 


pi'ovincialis 


3ln 


DilboDg, 


Dilring 


l^"-. 


— 


cyanclla 


34(> 


— 


Psittacea 


33,f 


Drainc 




IH 


— 


cyanoiis . . 


329 


1 


pusilla 


32(; 


UiosscU SSiiig 


•20 


— 


Duniiniccnsis 


340 


i — 


(piadricolor 


329 


Drossell wnis 


•^0 


— 


crythropthalina 342 


1 


({uelca 


255 


DiiiIkc 




'213 


— 


familiaris 


323 


— 


regia 


315 


t.bli 


. . 


aofi 


— 


faseiata 


320 


— 


rubra 


321 


Kchciiilk'ur i?ris 


85 


— 


ferruginca 337 


, 338 


1 — 


rustica 


325 


— 


.jaunc 


8« 


— 


Jiava 


2!I7 


\ — 


rulila 


322 


— 


noir 


80 


— 


flaveula 


33<> 


1 


Sandwiccnsis 


327 


Kclatiinl 




54 


— 


flaviventris 


318 


\ 


Sclm-niclus 


30(i 


Kmbcrisf 


.1 ciii((ULcoiilcur83r)0 


— 


fucata 


332 




sepiaria . . 


.'M > 


Knil)cii/,a 


alba 


305 


— 


glacialis . . 


293 




Serena 


313 


— 


alia Species 


3<24 


— 


griica 


349 ' 




Sibirica 


32»; 


— 


Aniazona 


337 


— 


horlulana 


295 ; 


— 


Sinensis 


32<> 


— 


Americana 


339 


— 


hyeinalis . . 


338 


— 


spodocephala 


332 


— 


Angolcnsis 


jk; 


— 


Lesbia 


310' 


— 


Surinamensis 


34<- 


— 


Aoonalaschkcnsis 


— 


icuco|)hrys 


343 


— 


Textrix 


321 






SIH 


— 


longicauda 


235 


— 


runstalli 


29s 


— 


arctica 


30- 


— 


Lotharingica 


304 ' 


— 


varia 


291 


— 


animlinacca 


3(>;» 


— 


luctuosa 


325 


— 


Vidua 


31.-! 


— 


Asiatica 


331 


— 


Ludoviciu 


333 


— 


viridis 


33t< 


— 


atiicai)illa 


3'28 


— 


Uiteola 


333 


Emnie 


rling 297, 


3o»; 


~ 


aureola 


32« 


1 ' ' 


Maelbyensis 


299 


Espionncur 


33 


— 


Uadensis 


341 


— 


Mcxicana 


342 


Etourne des terrcs Mage! 


. s 


— 


barbata 


302 


— 


miliaria 


305 


Etuurneau de la Luuisiane (. 


— 


Uoibonica 


330 


— 


iniiitaris 


323 




unicolore 


l.'. 


— 


Braziliensis 


341 


— 


mixta 


329 


Fan-wa-cock 


251 


— 


Cffii'ulea 


345 


^^ 


niontana 


294 


Ficedula Pensylvanica 


14.^ 


— 


Caltat 


331 




mustelina 


293 : 


Fieldfare 


25 


— 


Canadensis 


344 


— 


nivalis 291 


, 293 


Finch, 


blue of Guiana 


27' 1 


— 


C'apcnsis 


317 


— 


olivacea 


340 


— 


Cape 


223 


— 


Orolinensis 


334 


\ — 


orix 


223 


— 


Chili 


2«i'.' 


— 


chlorocephala 'i9H 


— 


oryzivora 


334 


— 


gi^y 


2O1. 


— 


clirysoplirys 


332 


— 


Panayensis 


31fi 


— 


mountain lesser 


291 


— 


chrysoptera 


299 


— 


Paradisea 


311 i 


— 


])aintcd 


347 


— 


Cia 


302 


■ — 


passerina 


309 i 


— 


pied-mountain 291 


,293 


— 


cinerea 


344 


— 


peregrina 


324 


— 


red-breasted 


379 


— 


Ciris 


347 


— 


pithyornus 323 


,324 


— 


red-brcaBted long- 




— 


Ciiius 


300 


— 


Plalensis 


350 




tailed 


312 



F 
(1 
(i 
C. 






1 ,l\ 









VOLUME V, 














Pane 




Pne, 


. 




/'.-i. 


I'iiicli, 


wliile-tiiilt'il vv;ix- 


billed 


Ciaur 


331 


Grosbeak, black-headeo 


■;i7 






'259 


■ Gerst-ammer 


305 


— 


lined 


267 


Flavcn 


If 


Xi(i 


{ Ghoj^Yc .. 106, lOH 


— 


blue 


270 


Fhivii t 


28'2 


1 Ghurghutcli 


71 


— 


blue-breasted 


:.i'.< 


KliUt'Uf 


311 


Ginorba 


252 


— 


Bra/.ilian 


27 T 


h'ly-catcher, |tuiple-tl)ioattil 


Glatc 


251 


— 


brimstone 


.'U 






190 


Gobe-niouche 11 longue 


lueue 


— 


iirown 254 


. 2<i.' 


Fiiudis 


. . 


25'2 




83 


— 


cheeked 


285 


Fmiriiiilier 15!>, \(>7, 1*0 


— i\ tt te noire 81 


— 


headed 


2H5 


— 


:i oii'illcs blanches 


j — grand noir 


190 


— 


brun & ruux 


2SS 






lf!7 


Gogo-stilc . . 


171 


— 


cBcruIean 


271 


— 


irriNelc . . 


1«) 


, Golaubc Maina 

1 


43 


— 


CalFraiian 


23.-. 


Krint;il 


la Catlra longic. 




1 Goldauiuierchen 


297 


— 


Canada 


2IS2 




TM> 


, 23f; 


j Golo-bei'o 


30 


.— 


Cape 


22' 1 


— 


ca|)iti> albo . . 


292 


Gunanibuucho 


349 


— 


Cardinal 


274 


— 


Caji. B. S|K!i 


220 


Gracula caninculala 


11 


— 


Caucasian 


2l!> 


— 


Carolincnsis 


342 


— sturnina 


11 


— 


Chinese 


234 


— 


Cliloris 


2lfi 


Graklc, carunculatcd 


11 


— 


cinereous 


26f, 


— 


cinerca indica 


2fiG 


Grisalbin 


283 


— 


collared . . 


239 


— 


C'occDthraustcs 


211 


Grive .. 20. 25, 102 


, 163 


— 


Cow 17 


217 


— 


Diiica 


2fi9 


— basse terre de Barbaric 


— 


crested 


254 


— 


Kmicleator . . 


213 




UXi 


— 


crimson-bellied .!5». 


— 


ciytluoptlialma 


34« 


— blanche 


158 


— 


breasted 222 


— 


Hiulsonias .. 


338 


— de Cayenne 


178 


— 


Dominican 


27« 


— 


longicauda . . 


2 If) 


— de la Guiane . . 


165 


— 


Domin. crested 


27!' 


— 


Maiii 


2fi4 


Grivelin 


277 


— . 


dusky 


373 


— 


Manyar 


233 


— ii cravate 


235 


— 


dwarf 


2HS 


— 


Maripofa 


347 


Grivclette de St.Domingiw 


143 




Eastern . . 


2 IS 


— 


I'liilippina 


231 


Grivelte d'Amcritjue 


164 


— 


fantail 


277 


— 


prasiim 


226 


Grivrou 


69 


— 


fasciated . . 


26(> 


— 


punctulata .. 


247 


Grosbeak, Abjssinian 


227 


— 


fascinating 


266 


— 


punicca '244 


270 


— African 


240 


— 


ferruginous 


265 


— 


pyrrhula 


217 


— Angola 


249 


— 


Flamingo 


J19 


— 


lufa . . 


338 


■ — ash-coloured 


276 


— 


frontal 


255 


— 


striata 


24C 


— aah-headed 


253 


— 


furvous 


237 


— 


tricolor 


247 


— Asiatic 262, 


263! 


— 


Gambia 


221 


— 


undulata 


257 


— azure 


272 


— 


genus 


204 


Frosont 


. . 


211 


— Bengal 


230 


— 


gold-backed 


221 


Galinute 


5 


— black 


283 


— 


gold-fronted 


25<i 


(iang Sarin . . 


no 


— . . bellied 


259 


— 


gold-headed 


287 


(laiTulus Boliemicus 


173 


— . . breasted 


239 


— . 


green 


215 


fJavnuc 


de Provence 


310 


— . . creited 


287 


— 


grenadier 


223 








3 



I 











VOLUME V. 












Pane 






Pane 


' 


P,i^f 


(irosbeak 


> grey 


283 


Grosbeak, sociable .. 


228 


Grosbec de Cayenne 


225 


— 


grey- necked 


250 


— 


sooty 


269 


— de la Chine 250, 


251 


— 


Haw 


211 


— 


spotted 248 


,282 


— de Coroniandel 


22(> 


— 


Hudson ian 


277 


— 


spotted-sided 


248 


— de Java 


329 


— 


Java 


251 


— 


streaked-headed 289 


— de la Louisiana 


279 


— 


Indian 


270 


— 


striated 


246 


— Ic Virginie 274 


, -83 


— 


lineated . . 


2C3 


— 


Sumatran 


241 


— des Molu(jues 


246 


— 


long- tailed 


222 


— 


Sunda 


251 


— du Bresil 


277 


— 


Madagascar 


252 


— 


testaceous 


236 


— noir 


222 


— 


Malabar 


253 


— 


thick-billed 


261 


j — noir & roux 


284 


— 


Malacca 


2fi4 


— 


Totty 


229 


1 — nonet te 


238 


— 


Manyar 


233 


— 


tufrod 


280 


1 — peric 


200 


— 


marigold 


283 


— 


warbling . . 


202 


— tachelf de Java 


247 


— 


minute 


288 


— 


wax-billed 


257 


Grunling 


216 


— 


Molucca 


24C 


_ 


white-billed 


284 


1 Guirahuro 


182 


— 


mustachoc 


2()4 


— 


. . eared 


245 


j Guiranganga 


ISO 


— 


nitid 


2(JS 


— 


. . headed 


264 


Guiranheemgatu 


341 


— 


northern 


2i!» 


— 


. . lined 


268 


j Guira-punga 


185 


— 


nun 


238 


— 


. . rumped 




j Guirarou 


189 


— 


orange 


2f)5 




258 


, 284 


1 Guiriwa, jQuiriwa 


199 


— 


orange-bellied 


249 


— 


. . shouldered 236 


, Guirnegat 


341 


— 


Paradise 


225 


— 


. . tailed 


259 


j Gum|)cl 


217 


— 


Paraguan 


286 


— 


. . throated 


268 


i Gundoom 


320 


— 


parrot 


257 


— 


. . winged 


249 


1 Habia des lieux aquatiques 350 


— 


parrot-billed 


210 


— 


yellow 


243 


Hausse-col noir 


39 


— 


pearled 


2(>0 


— 


created 


281 


Hillet 


236 


— 


pensile 


227 




fronted 


2=i4 


Hoamide laChine 


107 


— 


Philippine 


231 


— 


rumped 


242 


Hortulanus , . 


205 


— 


Pine 


213 


^^ 


throated 


242 


j — albicilla 


296 


— 


Pope 


278 


Grosbcc .. 211 


313 


1 — candid us 


296 


— 


Porto Rico 


273 


— 


a bee olivatre 


286 


1 — Cap.BonaeSpci317 


— 


prasine 


220 


— 


ii collier 


239 


— Carolinensis 


334 


— 


purple 


272 


. — 


brun & roux 


288 


— flavus 


290 


— 


radiated . . 


260 


— 


11 poitrine dc feu 


316 


— niger 


297 


— 


red- billed 


255 


— 


i\ Joues blanches 


238 


— nivalis 291 


338 


— 


red-breasted 


27!) 


— 


bleu 


268 


— niv. jwctore nigro 


— 


red-rumped 


258 


— 


changeant 


265 




292 


— 


rufous-chinned 273 


— 


couleur d'or et 




— niv. torquatus 290 


— 


rufous-crowned 240 | 




de plomb 


287 


Hung-tzoy 


251 


— 


St. Domingo 


28G 


— 


d'Abyssinie 


227 


Huppi'; jaune 


281 


— 


scarlet 


244 


— 


d'Angola 


238 


— noire 


287 


— 


Siberian 


215 


— 


de Bourbon 


246 


— rouge 


279 



\ 



1^1 



•i 

n 

i 

'i 

1 









VOLUME V. 












I 'nut 1 






/'"»<■ 






I'lg, 


.lii'iotpur 


. 75! 


Locust- ISird 


42 


Loxia 


Enuclcator 


21;; 


.liU'obiii 


244 


Loxia 


Abyssinica 


227 


— 


erythrocephala 


225 


Jimfrediic 


lOl 


— 


Afm 


25!) 


— 


erylhronii'las 


237 


.l;HL'ur do nohcmie 


I7.J 


— 


Alricana 


240 


— 


falcirosira 


201* 


•l.mnoir 


52 


— 


Americana 


23y 


— 


fasciata 


C'ill 


.U-miebibi 


66 


— 


Angolcnsis 


349 


— 


fascinans 


2»;»: 


.1.i<);\ii 


»a, 


— 


Asiatica 


262 


— 


ferruginea 


265, 285 


lin|Mirtun 


104 


— 


Aslriid 


257 


— 


flabellifei-a . 


. 277 


Joe wheat 


343 


— 


atra uropygio flavo 220 


— 


Flamengo 


2l!l 


Jiinici 


28 


— 


aiirantia 


265 


— 


tiavicans 


24.J 


KhcIut 


bU 


— 


auriii 


221 


— 


llaviventris 


24V 


Kalm tUiiiibura 


'.»: 


— 


bulla 


2(;7 


— 


Franciscana 


224 


Kariclucva 


23'J 


— 


Ueiigalcnsis . . 


230 


— 


frontalis 


255 


Kernbt'isor 


211 


— 


bicolor 


249 


— 


fuliginusa 


26! 1 


Kiefc'in-tVfsser 


213 


— 


Boefonensis 


276 


I 


fusca 


254 


Kiruk 


177 


— 


Bonaricnsis . . 


2a3 


1 


grey 


28h 


Kisbce Kishce 


34r 


— 


Braziliana 


277 


t 


grisea 


28.-I 


Klamniervogel 


11)8 


— 


butyracca 


234 


^^ 


grossa 


20\s 


Ki)erassiri 


15!) 


— 


cterulea 


270 


— 


gularia 


273 


Krriip|n'nfro5ser 


213 


— 


CalTra 


235 


) 


liordeacca 


24.; 


KiautTdjrel 


20f; 


— 


cana 


2C6 


i ^_ 


Hudsonica 


277 


Kic-ii/.sclinab<'! 


20G, 209 


— 


Canadensis 


262 


— 


liypo!(antha 


241 


Lani^staait 


235 


— 


canora 


285 


— 


Javcnsis 


251 


Laniu^ nacl)akiri 


fio 


— 


cantnns 


262 


— 


Indica 


25.1 


— faustus 


lOfi 


— 


Capensis 


220 


— 


jugularis 


261) 


— garrulus 


. 173 


— 


Cardinalis 274 


,275 


— 


leucocephala 


24S 


— infau«tus 


30,32 


— 


Carhoni 


275 


— 


leucoi)tera 


2oy 


— luacrourus 


198 


— 


Carolincnsis 


282 


— 


Icucotis 


245 


— Ococolin 


178. 


_— 


Chloris 


215 


— 


leucura 


25!» 


Laptzoy 


262 j 


— 


cincrca 


276 


__ 


lincata 


260 


I^ara Dyal 


73' 


— 


Coccothraustes 


211 


— 


lineola 


263 


Lark, Bunting 


30(5 


— 


Colius 


196 


— 


longicauda 


222. i^r. 


— large 


6 


— 


collaria 


238 




Ludoviciana 


27!> 


— meadow 


7 


— 


coronata 


287 




maculata 


282 


Lenjettan 


87 


— 


crassirostris 


261 


— 


Madagascariensij 25'^ 


Linaria nrazil. lungic 


333 


— 


crimson-breasted 


222 


— 


Maia 


264 


Lindu bleu J^ dor^- 


192 


— 


criatata 


254 


— 


Malabarica 


25.* 


Linnet, blue 


345,346 


— 


cucuUata 


279 


— 


Malacca 


244 


Linottc gris de fer 


266 


— 


curvirostra 


206 


— 


melanocephala 


221 


Litorne 


25 


— 


cyanea 


872 


— 


melanogastra 


25') 


— de Canada 


144 


— 


Dominicana 


278 


— 


melanura 


2.5U 


— de Cayenne . 


178 


— 


Dominicensia 
i2 


286 


— 


minima 


288 



N 



■ 


i 


i 


1 


i 


ll 


fl 


i 






1 


i 


( 


!r'! 










i' 
i 


'1 




1 
;| 


1 

i 


it 


'^^■H 


ii 


1 


1 



VOLUME V. 







I'lllt r 






Pave 


Luxia 


iiiinuta 


.. 288 


Merle 


34 


— 


Molucca 


2UJ 


1 ^_ 


a Collier 


f, 


— 


niybtacea 


2C4 


— 


- col jaune 


79 


— 


neevia 


221 


— 


- cravatede Cayenne 157 i 


— 


nigra 


2S3 


— 


- gorge noire 


163 ! 


— 


nitida 


2fi8 


— 


- longue queue 


57 


— 


obscura 


273 


— 


- plastron noir 


38 ' 


— 


ochruccphala 


240 


— 


- tcte noire du Cap 


78 


— 


orix 


223 


^ 


- ventre orange 


60 


— 


uryzivora 


251 


— 


blanc . . 


44 


— 


panicivura 


249 


— 


bleu de la Chine 


60 


— 


jwctoralis 


239 


— 


brun d'Abyssinie 


94 


— 


]>cnsilis 


227 


' — 


dela Jamaique 


160 


— 


l>erlata 


260 


— 


. . du Cap 


67 


— 


Philippina 


231 


— 


. . du Senegal 


75 


— 


portoriccDsis 


273 


i "■ 


petit i'l gorge 




— 


prasina 


. 22fi 




rousse 


151 


— 


Psiltace;. 


210 


— 


cendre de Madag. 


68 


— 


punctularia 


247 


— 


des Indes 


72 


— 


Pyrrhula 


217.218 


— 


couleur de rose 


42 




pytio-psittacu! 


208 


— 


cuivre d'Afrique 


57 


— 


rubicilia 


. 219 


— 


d'Amboine 


84 


— 


rufcsccns 


. 208 


— 


dEau 


40 


— 


sanguinirostris 


255 


— 


de la Chine 


113 


— 


septentrionolis 


219 




dc Mindanao 


77 


— 


Sibirica 


. 215 




de roclie :50 


,32 


— 


Sinensis 


234 


— 


de St. UoHiingue 


149 1 


— 


socia 


228 


— 


de Surinam 


150 


— 


.'triata 


246 i 


— 


des Colombicrs 


61 


— 


bulphuiata 


24 1 1 


— 


Douiiniquain H 


,63 


— 


torrida 


284 


— 


dore de ftladagascar 


92 


— 


Totta 


229 i 


— 


gris de Gingi 


73 1 


— 


violacea 


. 272! 


— 


liuppi de Sural 


110 


— 


undulata 


248 


— 


du Cap 


81 


Mauiii 




264 


— 


jaune, &c. 


IKS 1 


INlakal 


au alu Kultiya 


37 


— 


noir k blanc 


II 

93 


Manakin, purple -br. 


17c, 177 


— 


olivatre de Barbaric 


104 


Manyar 


233 


— 


olive de Cayenne 


150' 


Martii 


L 


4 


— 


. . des Indes 


172 ji 


Mauvis 


24, 165 ' 


— 


. . des St. Dom. 


149 li 


Merion 


132 


— 


. . du Cap 


69 1 


Meria 


ac<juajola 


40 


— 


petit de Malabar 


64 r 



/'n:' 
Merle petit de I'anay 6J 

— roux ;i Collier noir 4h 

— rouxdelaycnne I5'i 

— solitaire 44,46,47,48 
— ' tachttc . . 137 

— tricolor > longue q. 83 

— vert d'Angola 56 

— vert de lisle de France 64 

— violet I ventre blanc 59 

— violet de Juida 61 
Merula Aniboinensis 84 

— Americana torcpiata 6 



acpiaiica 


. 


40 


Bengalensis 




106 


Borbonica 




85 


cterulea 




44 


Candida 


. 


36 


Capitis Bonifi Spei 


5'w; 


cinerca 


72. 


159 


cristata 




81 


Dominicensis 




149 


fusca 


78, 


160 


Jamaieensis 




160 


Indiea 


, 


93 


Madagascar. 


76 


.93 


Maclag. cinerca 


68 


olivac. Cap. B 


Spei 69 


Doniiniccn. 


149 


Iiulica 




72 


Palmaruni atr 


icaj). 


151 


rosea 


, 


42 


saxatilis 


30 


,32 


Senegalcnais 




75 


solitaria 


46 


, 47 


Surinanicnsis 




1.50 


Tilli 


. 


161 


ti! "lata 


38 


, «5 


varia 


, 


36 



\ iridis Angolensis 56 
viridis longicauda 57 
Miliaria Avis . . 293 

Mimus .. 147,148 



VOLIJMR V. 



t'n/n 
S45 
18 
18 
310 
44. 147 
255 



MinUtrc 

Mi-tel-drossel 

Miitler 

INIitilfnc (le Provence 

Mock-Iiird 

Moincau li bcc rouge 

— (le Juida 

— de risle dc France 

321 

— de Madagascar 25'2 

— du Brcsil 314 

— du Senegal 255,258 
Muntifringillit calc. alaudx 

293 
Mo'jueur . . 147i 148 

— Francois 1G2 
Mordore . . 330 
Motacilia Calliope .. 138 

— Cinclus . . 40 

— dubia .. 100 

— familiaris 323 

— pectoralis 101 
Mouse-Bird .. 196 
Muscicapa altiloqua 149 

— Cayanensis 

— porphyrobroncha 

190 
Musician 
Nabirop 

Nciicourvidc Madag. 
Ncy-le-yah 
Nightingale Water 
Noir souci 



320 
304 
333 
2!»1 
304 
334 
30C 



Nope 

Nucal nowl 
Oiseau de Ris 
Olive 
Oranbleu 
Orchef 



159 

59 
227 

93 

29 

283 

219 

<45, 246 

.. 251 

340 

66 
230 



Ortolan de la Cliinc 

— de Lorraine 

— (le Louisiane 

— de neige 

— de Passage 

— de riz 

— de roseaux 

— du Cap. de D. Esp. 
317, 318 

— Jacobin 
Ortolano 
Ouette 
Ourovang 
Oulatapascu 
Ouzel, Penrith 

— Ring .. 38 

— rose-coloured 42 

— Water ,. 40 
Pacapac .. 188 
Padda, or Rice-Bird 251 
Palikour .. .. 16*9 
Papagai Tanncn . . 208 
Pape .. .. 347 
Parement bleu . , 330 

190 [I Pancquet . . . . 210 

' Passer Bengalensis 230 

— domest. Nat. lusus 293 

— erythrorynchos 255 

— fuscus capite nigro 241 
Passeribus congener 303 
Passer lUyricus . . 324 

— Indicus macrour. 311 



/'";■-■ 

Pedora . . . . 253 

Pekking . . . . 247 

Pcpoaza 14H, Is'i 

Pere noir a longuc queue 

Piauhau 

Pie a gorge ensanglantce 

Pinron de la Chine . . 

— noir & jaunc 

— noir aux yeux rouges 
338 j! 342 
295 Pipitzon 
183 ! Pi|)ra Icucotis 

68 I Plastron de Ceylon . 
340 1 Podobe 
42 I Procnias cyanotropus 



222 
l;»o 
191 
243 
220 



Oriole, yellow-shouldered 235 

Ortolan . . . . 295 

— a ventre jftune 317 



— nig( V punctis croceis 

272 

— Sclavonicus 324 

— Senegal, erythr. 255 

— Sinensis ferrugin. 247 

— . . rostro coeruleo 

244 

— solitarius . . 46 
Pastor roseus . . 42 



183 
167 
65 
53 
181 
181 
JHl 



— melanocephalus 

— venlralis 
Proyer . . 305, 349 
Psittacin .. .. 210 
Psittacus .. .. 210 

— crist. rub. minor 276 
Pyrrhula .. .. 217 

— Africana 249, 263 

— Amer. cristata 287 

— nahaniensisviolac.272 

— Candida .. 21>i 

— Mcxicana nigra 28.< 



— nigra 


n-. 


Quadricolor .. .. 


yi:> 


Quereiva 


17s 


Queue en eventail 


277 


Reclameur 


99 


Redstart, greater 


31 


Regulus Cap. C. Spei 249 


28.S 


Rice-Bird 


251 


Ring drossel . . 


3h 


Ris oiseau de 


251 


Rocar 


3J 


Rohr drossel 


2t» 


— Sperling 


30*i 


Roselin 


42 


Rouge noir . . 


295 




h i 



h: 1 ■ 




vtn.iJMt: V. 







I'ott 






/'.i(.» 




/ 


•as' 


K..Mp. 


mil' 


52 


Sfiirr, 


iTex'tiit 


<l 


Siiirnnk 


Miintaiiii'ii!' 


',( 


iiiillsM-lnllc ,. ,. 


12H 


— 


Diiiliiriilli 


10 


— 


iNaliirunp 


33 


Itiiliic 


llii 'i'JO, 27^, 'J87 1, 


— 


(•I'liilii 


1 


— 


olivaci'iii 


12 


*<iniiiiil 


II 


U4| 


— 


^racnlint- 


I! 


— 


(irnatus ,. 


51 


Suiiiiif 


<luil .. 


4:Ji' 


— 


^'iii'ii 


12 


— 


rosi \\» , . 


I-' 


SiiNJcd 


Ill I'lii'liiiiimiii 


40 


— 


Louihianc , . 


11 


— « 


M'lu eiisi 


4 


Slmjil 


;>tiiui' Aaiut. . . 


421 


— 


Mii^elliiiiic . . 


8 


— 


Kpk'iidi'nk 


51 


SclllK't 


-iiiiiiiicr .. 


•21)1 


— 


I'trsian 


1) 


— 


StiirniiuiH 


II 


•^ll- I.ITI 111' 


•JDl 


— 


IVd 


3 


— 


viiilacins 


t:ii 


*>! lllcll 


sclmaii/ 


173 


— 


Sardinian 


13 


— 


viridis 


l°2 


Sllll'j.1 


11 ra\ i- 


•257 1 




sliinii)^' 


30 


— 


viini'olor 


l.'l 


*>< tif);i 


liu Atriutilit 


'257 




..ilk 


4i 


— 


vnlgaiin 


1 


SLrtviiii 


•258 ' 


— 


wattled 


11 


— 


/.(.■} lunicilH 


ss 


Sliaiiliil 


\\-2 


— 


'Vllitf 


3| 


Siiiiia, 


Saina NJ 


, N5 


Sh.l.l- 


H|l|lll' 


20<i 1 


— 


» liiti'-licadcd 


61 


Swincpi 


!>«■ . . 


24 


Shiikc 


I'otk , . 


M 


Stiirlii 


1^', Cape 





Sylvia tiirdiridt's 


2s 


— 


sv liitc-wi'tatlit'il 


10() 


— 


Chili 





Tanan"' 


, bluf 


34»i 


"^ilk-lail 


I7.J 


— 


Uniiurinn 


10 


— 


n'(Uitliuiiidi'r('d 


11)3 


S,„--(l 


rusTl . . 


•20 1 


"" 


IllliO 


12 


Taiiii'^ra diibia 


l!).| 


Mill- 


* • • • 


1 

m 




I'iiji'oii 


01 i 


— 


( (BriiU'ii 


;;ir. 


Siiow- 


liiril .. 


3:w! 


Sit 111- 


Irossil 


30, 32 


— 


Capi'nki5 


311 


SlIOH 


Flakf .. 


•2'.M 


Stiiii- 


rutlnl 


32 


— 


I'yiiiifa 


3 15 


Solitulri' 


4S 


Storui 


-coc k 


10 


'raiituiii 


bf 


7"'> 


^inirriiu , ]irii/iliiiii , . 


•2o.-) 


Storni) 


2 


Taliban 


1 Curul. c'li'iiilra 


3jr. 


— 


Cii|)f 


•2;J5 


Stournf 50, 57, 


50, (il 


Taiim II 


I'upu^ai 


•2(1- 


— 


Cliiiu'si.' 


247' 


Strild/Z" ,. 


of)5 


'IVrat-b 


tinlan 


'.).: 


_ 


,j.lh-lc 


245 


. Sttirnus iiMivub 


57 


TiTsinf 


. . 


i:i' 


— 


littU' 


338 


1 — 


ull)U!> 


3 


Tctfina 


.. 


1(1^ 


— 


loii^'-taili'd 


314 


— 


A»iati(Mi- 


42 


TIllMTSt 


jaiine 


31-' 


— 


I'aradise 


225 


— 


tiuriitiih 


50 


Thili 


.. 


Ml 


_- 


I'ox-coloiired 


338 


— 


bicojor 


07 


Tlin slier 


U>2 


— 


^(•lital•y 


34 


— 


capitc atro 


3 


Tlnostl 


«-' 


•2t^ 


^ 


wliitt-l>ri'H»tc 


i Ind. 


— 


caruncniatiif 


11 


— 


hiath 


2.-i 






'244 


I — 


Cincluf 


40 


Thrush 


, Abyssinian 


'M 


_ 


yt'llow-lifade 


) Ind. 


1 — 


riucrt'ns 


4 


1 "" 


African ,, 


5.' 






230 


— 


DunniK'Us 


10 


1 _ 

1 


aloruni 


\i» 


Sproo 


or Sprtuw 53 


07, 08 


— . 


leucoct-plialuc 


4.5 


1 _ 

1 


Ainboina 


84 


Stiiiii 


• • * • 


2 


— 


leuconit'liis 


3 


1 - 


anal 


80 


Start', 


black 


13 


i — 


Loycu 





— 


ant 


in;* 


.. 


brown . . 


12 


i 


LudovK'ianus 





— 


AoonalaHchkun 


137 


^_ 


Ccyloiifsf 


88 


1 — 


iniiituris 


8 


~ 


ash-colourcd 


72 


a,.. 


common 


3 


i — 


Menu 


32 


— 


ash-ruinped 


03 



t 



i 

1 



; 



VOI.IJME V. 



Tliriulit 





r»g^ 






/'"/' 






r.ic 


Akiutic ,, 


U8 


Tliru»l 


, buH-culuuri'il 


l:iO 


TliruM 


1, ^n|,!-l lii« mil 


143 


II II >l nil 


IJl 




liiill-iilixuldeii'd |:i4 


— . 


,. vented 


82 


AiiilralasMiii 


lib 


— ^ 


biiir-wiii;;fd 


154 




,. will^'fd 


135 


liiirliiitv 


lO.) 




Ciiirnirijii 


W 


— 


gorget 


30 


liiirri'il-liiil (''J 


l.VI 


— 


(\il> mill 


11)5 


— 


grey 


73 


liiiy 


lit 


— 


(.'.1(M- , , 


SI , 


__ 


.. caterpillar 


a'» 


Itt'iirilcil 


l'2!t 


— 


Cali-sby't 


141 




, . Iii'iidi'd 


lis 


lU'rliii'i" 


loJ) 


1 


C'lyloii 


(15 




l^'reen 00, 


103 


l)iiiiii('iiliit*'il 


Ml 


• — 


clialyiieate 


00 




<Miiuiia .. 


105 


lilufk \ a-.li-(i)l 


. Ii:> 


— 


I'liaiitiiii; 


113 


— 


(■iliiiea 


71 


liluck 1111(1 »('ui'l( 


t «XI 


— 


t.'liiiriik 


71 


-_ 


j;ular 


U2 


liliirk iiimI wliiu 


• 12.> 


.- 


tlieck-brtn'iti' 


1 155 




guttural 


130 


IllucklHr.l 


34 


— 


('iiiiiiin;; 


157 


— 


luiriiioiiii.- 


120 


lllm■k-l)r^■.l^ll•ll 


!17 


— 


(.'IlilR'Sf 


107 


— 


lualli 


23 




1.'>I 


— 


cinermus 


(58 


— 


lii-rniit 48, 


141 


lik.-lir(>w«<l 


I.M 


— 


('iironiiiiitlcl 


05 


— 


lli^paniiila .. 


14!» 


. , i'iitcr|iilliir Ki.Sii 


— 


Craviit 


Kill 


— 


Imary 


iOli 


, . rliffkfd 


u;j 


— 


ntMciit 


no 


— 


lioiidi'd 


80 


. . L'oll.iriil 


IS 


— 


crt'slid-villou 


lis 


— 


Janiaic:! ,. 


15S 


. , cr»-'»ti.'(l 


ir>i) 


— 


criiiiboii-c'liiiiiii'il '.(-J I 


— 


J avail 


87 


.. cro'viK'il 3(i 


, i:i(> 


— 


criniioii-frontLiI I2H 


— 


iiiipurtuiiate 


104 


. . fllCfll 


11'2 


— 


cry in;; 


100 


— 


Indian 


72 


.. lii'iukd 


7.S 


— 


cymieniis 


01 


— 


Kaint-'eliatkaii 


13S 


.. lILckfd 


ll'J 


— 


dark 


27 


~~ 


King 


170 


.. th roil till 


KW 


— 


dnrkened 


105 




Leiijettan 


S7 


.. topped 


HO 


— 


l)ariinj;n 


51 


— 


little 141 


104 


. , wiii^rd 


158 


— 


Daiinmli 


J 15 


— 


lively 


123 


bluf 


44 


— . 


dilute 


120 


— 


locust-eating 


(i7 


.. clieekid 


124 


-- 


Doiniiiican 


02 


— 


long-lulled , , 


115 


.. cliiiiiH'd 


02 


— 


eastern 


HI 


— 


long-tailed , . 


8.3 


.. crowned 


128 


— 


emerald 


90 


— 


lunulated .. 


93 


.. grey 


111 


— 


Ethiopian 


04 


— 


IMadagascur 


70 


. . lu-aded 


127 


— 


ferrutjinouti 


101 


— 


uiargined 


95 


.. winged 


132 


— 


Fieidl'are 


25 


— 


masked 


120 


Bockrit 


118 


•- 


fly-cutehin^ 


123 


— 


INIaiiritius ,. 


04 


liourljoii 


85 


— 


fox-coloured 


102 


— 


iiiuxillary 


129 


lirllliaiit 


o5 


— 


frivoloiu 


127 


— 


mimic 


147 


brimstone- bell. 


103 


— 


fusenug 


105 


— 


Mindanao ,. 


i 4 


brown ,, 


143 


— 


Genus 


15 


— 


minute 


«K. 


brown-crowned 


127 


— 


gilded 


69 


— 


Missel, Misseltoe 




brown Indian 


106 


— 


glossy 


57 




18, 19 


Brunei 


78 


— 


Gogoye 


. 108 


— 


iHOcking 


148 






j 

% i 
t 1 


']. : 


i 1 

: i 



ii 



I 



1 1 



Thrusl 









VOLUME V. 












Pagi 






I'agf 






/'.'V- 


1, Miuriiie 


133 


Tlnnsli, rufous-tuiled 


27 


Thrush, wngtuii 


Kit. 


iiiusiciiiii 


15-2 


— 


winj;ed 


53 


— 


watchful 


■V.\ 


Niiuiniiiiii's 


37 


— 


rust-bellied 


O:] 


— 


water 40 


141 


\fw Hoi land 


136 


— 


rusty 


119 


— 


weasel 


!;)!! 


Xew SoiifliW'a 


les 119 


— . 


ru>ty-vented 


71 


— 


Whidah 


01 


Nt'w Zealiiiul 


117 


— 


Rychill 


105 


— 


white-backed 


150 


olive 


(i<J 


— 


St. Domingo 


149 


— 


browed 


o,s 


orangi-hellied 


G(i 


— 


Sandwich 


117 


— 


chinned 


i<;o 


brea>te( 


1 136 


— 


Schretch 


19 


— 


crowned 


101 


browed 


130 


— 


Senef^al 


74 


— 


eared 


107 


eyed 


53 


— 


sliewy 


54 


— 


fronted 


114 


headed 


(Ki 


— 


shining 


50 


— 


headed 


.') 


Pacific 


no 


— 


short-winged 


132 


— 


hooded 


74 


pale 


28 


— 


sini>ing 


89 


— 


jawed 


ll<l 


pa!e-eared . . 


109 


— 


solitary 


40 


— 


niinped 


07 


palm 


150 


— 


song 


20 


— 


.. shoul(lere<l 


l.V) 


pectoral 


105 


— 


songster 


03 


— 


tailed 


4!i 


Penrith 


42 


— 


sooty 


125 


'— 


wind 


•21 


pensive 


■17 


— 


sordid 


131 


— 


wood 


|:i!) 


Perbiau 


30 


— 


speckled 


109 


— 


yellow-backed 


I(i2 


Philippine .. 


72 


— 


speckled-throated 154 


— • 


bellied 


llt.f 


|>ii,'eon 


01 : 


— 


spectacle 


113 


— 


.. billed 


Ml 


pileated 


171 


— 


splendid 


54 


— 


breasted 


ir.i 


Port Jackson 


121 


— 


spotted 


137 


— 


caterpillar 


,S{> 


prasine 


121 


— 


spott. -shouldered 133 


— 


chinned 


1-20 


pnnctated .. 


130 i 


— 


streaked 


90 


— 


crowned 


i^^.S 


Qiiehec 


142 


_^ 


Sural 


110 


— 


fronted 


(i4 


red-breasted 


144 


— 


Surinagur , . 


71 


— 


spotted . . 


I:M 


. . legged 


159 


— 


Surinam 


150 


Tijo Ci 


uacu Paroara 


27 N 


.. necked 


27 


— 


tawny 


139 


Tiuialia pileatu 


171 


.. tailed 


101 


— 


tawny-throated 


140 


Tisseri 


n . . 221, 227, 


231 


. . winged 


24 


— 


Tetuan 


09 


— . 


republicain 


2•2^ 


Reed 


28 


— 


Thenca 


140 


Toddy 


-Bird 


•2-27 


restless , , 


120 


_ 


thick-billed 


29 


Tony- 


loop . . 


21!) 


'''"r? 


38 


— 


Thdi 


101 


Tooty 


• • • • 


251 


Rocar 


33 


— 


thorn-tailed 


110 


Torda 


^ ^ 


25 


rock , , 


30,32 


— 


Tripoline 


104 


Tordello .. 18,2(1 


rose-coloured 


42 


— 


tufted 


109 


Tordo 


Sassielln 


24 


rufous 


152 


— 


varied 91 


,117 


Tordo 


viscado 


lb 


bellied 


70 


— 


variegated 


103 


Totty 


Grosbeak 


224 


naped 


107 


— 


violet 


00 


Toucnani courvi 


2.JI 


necked 


105 


— 


volatile 


122 


Toupet bleu 


329 



i 



a 



4 



I 



I 






n 







/•r/fff 


'I'omdtlU' 


23 


TliKI 


UL't finirc'ur 


7.) 




— " lii'iix 


4i) 


I'lOII 


])iale a gi)ru;i.' I'lisaii 


S- fi 


IMit 


II crawiiny 


88 


r»iit 


ir 


4:3 


T.inl 


us Al)ys.siiiicus 


94 


— 


U'lU'llS 


57 


— 


/Etliiojiiciis 


94 


— 


AtVicaiiiisi ,. 


95 


— 


Ala|ii 


150 


— 


alliitVoiin 


114 


— 


aiJIILMlUS 


89 


— 


Aiiilioiiifiuis 


84 


— 


AitRT. minor 


147 


— 


aiialis 


89 


— 


Alalia 


15_> 


— 


Aoiiiiala.-L'likii' 


137 


— 


ai|ii:itu'tis 


141 


— 


arciiatUh 


110 


— 


uriiiKliiiaceus 


28 


— 


Aiiaticiis 


98 


— 


atn- 


laj 


— 


atri(.-a|>illu!> 


78 


— 


atroj;ularis .. 


:J7 


— 


aurantius 


100 


— 


aurattis 


59 


— 


auritus 


107 


— 


amocapillus 


143 


— 


uiiatrulis 


117 


— 


Australasia' 


118 


— 


bailius ., 


lit 


— 


Bainljlu 


158 


— 


IJarbaricus 


10.'} 


— 


liicolor 


07 


— 


l>i iiaculatus 


89 


— 


iiorljouii'us 


85 


— 


l>(>u))il 


ll.J 


— 


l)racliy|iterus 


132 


— 


Brazilifusis 


10.') 


— 


CafcT 


81 


— 


Cullio[it' .. 


138 



I u 



VOLUME V. 

n\iis Cainpuuellu 157 

- Caiiitbcliatkeiisis 138 



Caiiaduiisis 
ranorus 
lantaiis 
Cantor 
Capt'iisis 
C'aroliiic'iisiit 
Ceylauticus 
rluilybeus . , 
C'liiiiens'is 
cln'ysoguster 
c'iiiiminoiueiis 
(Jiiichis 
(Muerasccns 
L-iiRTuo-albus 
• irrliatus 
citriiiub 
Culiua 
Coluinbiiius 
Coraya 
crassirostris 
oristatus 
cyaiit'us 
< yaiioctplialus 
cyaiious 
Daiiinu 
(iiiutus 
<liscolor 
dispar 
Duiiiiiiiiaiiiis 
Uomiiiicus 
Ert'iuita 
trytliroptcrus 
llavirostris ., 
forinicivorus 
frivolus 
iulij^inosus ., 
I'll scat us 
fuscipc)! 
fuscus 
gilvus 
K 



144 

100 

152 

03 

78 

101 

G5 

90 

100 '1 

<iO 

151 

40 

72 

147 

150 

00 

107 

01 

153 

29 

173 

44, 91 

127 

124 

95 

120 

120 

92 

02 

14!) 

48 

53 

91 

109 

127 

125 

l(i5 

154 j 

143 

100' 











Pane 


Turd 


iia L^rallariiis 


, , 




170 


— 


griilivoriis 


« • 




07 


— 


•jrist'us 


. . 




73 


1 — 


(iuiaiifiisis 


. , 




105 


— 


{,f|il;iri.s 




4 


2, 92 


— 


f^utturalis 






130 


— 


lianiionicus 






120 


— 


Ili:<panioleiisis 




149 


1 


JaiuaicL'iisis 






158 


1 

i 


Javaiiicns 






UN 


1 


iliac-US 


, , 




24 


1 _ 


. . Carol 


IllUllb 


.104 


j — 


Inilicus 






72 


— 


inraustiis 






30 


1 

1 "~" 


iiu}uiL'tus 


.. 




120 






juirularis .. 103 
U'licocopliaius 5, 22 



k'ucoi^astcr 


01 


U'UfOfTL'nus . . 


IGO 


Icucurus 


49 


liiiuatiis 


109 


liiiiLrirostris 


115 


macrourus 


S3 


Mada^ascarit'iisih 


70 


major 


18 


iNIalabaricub. 


04 


IMaiiiiic'iisis 


47 


Mauritiamis 


04 


maxillaris ., 


129 


mt'laiio|)hr}3 


124 


niclaiiops 


112 


IMt'rula 


34 


migratorius 


144 


MiiidaiR'iisiti 


77 


minimus 


104 


minor 20, 


MU 


cristatus 


22 


vert, aurt'o 


143 


mi'iutus 


9(i 


]\lori() 


52 


Motacilla 


100 


iNluscicolu ,. 


123 



f 


1 


i- < 1 






TiikIu- 





Page 


iniiiiiciis 


20 


iiiustt'liiiti^^ 


13U 


iisviiis 


137 


Xiuimnniii 


37 


niger, i<:c. .. 


150 


iiigerriinus .. 


93 


iiigricollis .. 


112 


iiiteiis 


50 


iiovii' Holland 


10 135 


obstiirus 


27 


ocliroci'plialus 


88 


oclirogaster 


09 


olivacfus 


(i9 


orienlalis 


93 


Orpheus 140,147,148 


Ourovang 


08 


Pacificus 


110 


palliilus 


28 


Palmarum 


150 


pectoralis 


151 


Pt.Tsicus 


30 


perspicax 


33 


perspicillatus 


113 


Pliilippinus 


72 


phoenicurus 


101 


pilaris 


25 


pilaris leucoee 


phal, 20 


pilaris naevius 


20 


plumbeus 


44, 159 


polyj,rlottu8 


147 


prnsinus 


121 


puiictatus 


130 


Rex 


170 


rospus 


42 


ruber cynneo 


cap. 32 


ruficaudus 


27 





VOLUME V 


Page 




/'ofjr 


Turdi 


s riiticollis 


27 


Tzaiipau 


149 


— 


riilifroiis 


152 


Vcrd ])riinet 


234 


— 


rufus 


101 


VcrdiTiu 


2S(! 


— 


Stiuduit'oiisis 


117 


V.'r.lier ., 210 


, 234 


— 


Saui-jiilu 


93 


— du ('. do 15. Esp 


234 


— ' 


saxatiiis 


30,32 


— sans vert 


240 


— 


Sfleucis 


. 42 


Vcrdoiie 


210 


— 


Sfiieiifiilrtisis 


75 


Vert (lore 


57 


— 


Slunilni 


112 


Veuvu 


312 


— 


Sibiricus 


38 


— I'l collier d'or 


312 


— 


Siiifiisis 


100, 107 


— - epaulettes 


235 


— 


solitariiis 4- 


, 40, 141 


— - poitriue rou^e 


310 


j — i 


snrdidiis 


. 131 


— - quatre briiis 


315 


— 


spt'ciosus 


9(i 


— d'Afriijue 


315 


— 


spk'ndfiis 


50 


— di' Paiiay 


310 


— 


striatiis 


102 


— Doininicaine 


313 


— . 


stridulus 


90 


— eu feu 


316 


— _ 


Suratftisis 


110 


— eteinte 


334 


— 


Suriimmensi!' 


150 


— niouchetee , . 


314 


>— 


tcnebrosus 


127 


Vidua Africana 


311 


— 


TliL'iica 


140 


— Aiij^oleiisis .. 


314 


— 


Thilius 


101 


— Brnziiicn&is .. 


333 


>- 


tinniens 


108 


— major et minor 


313 


— 


tiiitiniiabulatus 157 


— riparia Africana 


315 


— 


torquatus 


38 


Vinda 


312 


_ 


Tripolitanus 


104 


Wacliolder-drossel . . 


25 


— 


varirijatus 


103 


Warre 


57 


— 


varius 


91 


Wasser Ainsel 


40 


— 


vertice aurco 143 


Wnx-bill, white-tailed 


259 


~- 


viohirtus 


GO 


Wax-winij, Bohemian 


173 


,— 


virescens 


09 


Weaver 


321 


—, 


viridis 


90 


Yellow-bird, like a Canary 


— 


viscivorus 


18 


Bird 


227 


— 


Ulietensis 


111 


Zipdrosscl . . , . 


24 


1 — 


volitans 


.. 122 


Zivolo, Zigolo 


297 


i 


Zeylonus 


65 







VOLUME vr. 



k2 







Page 






I'nge 


Aljeriliviiic .. 


b'2 


Alaut 


a iieiiioiusa 


273 


A (.ill If 


lU'liittli 


121 


— 


ni;;ra 207 


287 


A<ciiisor Alpiiuis 


(jj 


— . 


n»Vii> Zt'ulaiidise 


310 


Anuim 





320 


— 


ul)a(llla 


279 


Ailc hir 


;^uluiie 


25(i 


— 


pautlieraiia 205 


279 ' 


Alauda 


At'ricuiiu 


2'J5 


— 


Pi'iisylvuiiica 


281 


— 


alpi'stiiii 


:jii 


— 


pttiosa 


'279 


— 


arhorca 


2(il) 


— 


piati'iisis 


270 \ 


— 


areiiaria 


:302 


— 


ruhru 


281 


— 


arvfiisis 


205 


— 


rufa 281 


,313 


— 


bnicliydactyla 


302 


— 


nifescens 


282 


— 


cii'lipt'la 


205 


— 


Sciugalt-'usih 


299 


— 


Caluiulra 


200 


— 


st'piaria 


278 


— 


Calaiidrilla 


302 


— 


SiLiirica 


291 


— 


cuinpestris 


284 


— 


Spiiiolutta 


284 


— 


{TUt. 


flavo 


.— 


stratoi'um 


270 






311 


— 


Tati-rica 


287 


— 


(.aiididu 


200 


— 


tLstacca 


283 


— 


CapL'iisis 


203 


— 


(livlalis 


278 


— 


ciiierea 


295 j 


— 


vulgaris 


205 


— 


oristata 2 


71,273 


— 


Vii},'iiiiana 


311 


— 


cristati'lla 


273 


— 


uiidata 


272 


— 


desiTtormii 


301 


— 


Yeltoniensis 


289 


— 


(luiuctoriiiii 


284 


— 


Zi'aluiidiiv nova; 


310 


— 


flava 


312 


AlouettL' 


205 


— 


fulva 


313 


— 


a calottf roussL' 


297 


— 


Giii^ica 


300 


— 


- CollitT 


290 


— 


Guri'iisis 


298 


— 


- dus routje 


313 


— 


Itidica 


208 


_.. 


- dos roux 


280 ' 


— 


Kudn\ici,iiia 


312 


— 


- y Ids bee 


290 


— 


l->isitaiiica 


283 


— 


- joucs hriiius 


281 


— 


Mal;d)aricu 


299 


— 


- tule lou^sL 


297 


— 


iiiiiKjr 


274 


— 


batdfuse 


300 


— 


IMiiii|^olica 


202 


— 


I laiii'liL- 


200 


— 


Mi)MHaiia .. 


2S2 


— 


("uiitiutillt; ., 


293 i 


— 


iiiutabilis 


2Sb 


— 


<l>- Uois 


209 





Pngt 


Aloucfte du Marais 


282 


— dt- I'lL'S 


270 


— jriosso 


290 



— Iiuppuu petite 273 

— iiuppei' de Malabar 

299 

— noire .. 207 

— .. a dos fa\ive 313 

— petite de Buenos 

Ajres .. 313 

— petite de Gingi 300 

— petite liuppee 273 

— I'ipi 278,279,284 
Alpeu-lerehe .. 311 
Aniuimbi .. .. 250 
Autiius .. 293,290 

— a(|uaticu8 ,. 284 

— arboreus . . 274 

— prateiibis . . 270 

— Uichardi .. 294 

— rufescens . , 282 
Aro(iuira .. .. 121 
Abfour Dsjebali .. 275 
Avis Card, niger dicta 2 

— Kyburgensis .. 05 

— IVIexicana, &c. 3 

— Paradibiaca orientalis 192 

— spicie IVIayzii 29 
Aurore petit noir 232 
Azur aCw'.ier & Calotte 

noir . . ISO 

— peti' .. .. ISO 
Baag-geyra .. 307 
Daeklelze 324, 327 

— GelbeWeycr 327 
Baekbtelzeii .. 310 




4M 



i , ' 



-I 



1 



■:!i 







VOLUME VI. 










Pnpe 




r,iu-f 


1 


/'.'i.'f 


iiucks(cl/cn wcissc 


31G 


Brambling 


CO, Gi 


ChiUoo 


282 


Uallaiiiiii 


3I(J 


Brandlink 


59 


Chiltototi 


3 


Harbichon 


245 


Branjangan . . 


292 


Chito 


;i.^(; 


Hailey-Bird 


83 


Buchfinke 


57 


Cheuginging, Kingking 


319 


Uaumlerche 


269 


Bunting, black-headed 


C2 


Chloris Bsliamcnais . . 


128 


Haum picper 


274 


brumal 


91 


— Indicus 


22 


— Sperling 


51 




56- 


Cluurinaha 


246 


Beam-Bird 


15fi 


Burril 


213 


Chutki 


16S 


Beau Marquet 


80 


Cabaret 


99 


Chuila-hincea 


181 


Bee d'Argcnt 


2 


Calandre Lark 


290 


Ciseaux pctits 


237 


Bee en poim.on bleu & b 


anc 


Camail, ou Cravate . . 


12 


Citrinelio 


91 




13 


Canarien vogel 


86 


1 Cobweb 


150 


— ,. bleu&rouxSS 


Capita 


15 


1 Coccoihraustes Mexicana 


.S 


— . . vert & blaiic 


Calderugio 


74 


! Coclie\ is 


271 




19 


Calkoentje 


291 


Codu tremola 316 


,324 


Beco de Prata 


73 


Cap negre 


38 


Coiile-noire 


13 


Bee-Bird 


157 


Cardellino 


74 


Colantine 


275 


Bengali 


103 


Cardinal 


15 


Coldfinch 


159 


— Cordon bleu 


101 


Cardinalis Amer. 


15 


Colon 


257 


— pi(juete 


104 


— Canadensis 


5 


Coostulla 


26S 


Bengalus fuscus 


105 


— na;viu9 


4 


Coq petit 


253 


— punctulatus 


104 


■ — non cristatus 


3 


Coquillade 


272 


Bergcronette a Collier 


318 


— jjurpurea 


o 


Cordon noir 


19.S 


— de Java 


326 


— torquatus 


4 


Correndera . . 


276 


— de Priatemps 3'27 


Cardueli congener 


78 


Cravate jaune 


293 


— du Cap. de B. 


Carduelis Braziliensis 


21 


Croissant 


66 


Esp. 


331 i 


— spurius 


78 


Cuiriri akamaku 


193 


— grise 323 


.324 


— viridis .. 


79 


Cujulier . . 269 


2-4 


— jaune 


324 1 


Caudec 


243 


Culdor 


293 


— petite du Cap. | 


Ceinture de pretrc . . 


312 


Curruca subfusca 


156 


de B. Esp. 


332 


Cendrille 


295 i 


— tcrgo nigro 


159 


Bergfinke 


GO 


Chaffinch 


57! 


Danbik 


196 


Berglerche 311, 


312 


Chakdyal, Chuk-da-heel 


178 


Dattier 


64 


Bessit 


330 1 


Chamaris 


90 


Demitin noir & bleu 


110 


Bird of Paradise Pied 


192! 


Chaitlonneret 


74 j 


Dente 


152 


— Summer, red 


8 


jaune 


118 


Deroo-gnan . . 


116 


Bluet 


17^ 


—— metis 


78 


Diggo-wagh-wagh . . 


184 


Blue-Bird, red-bellied 


35 1 


Chat, yellow-breasted 


229 


Distelfink 


74 


fioaddang 


200 


Cherry-sucker 


157 1 


Distingue vert a cour. noire 


Bonana 


125 


Cheverel 


78! 




25!) 


Bouvreuil violet de la Car. 


139 : 


Chi-chup-pi-aue 


312 


Doomchurky 


181 


Brachlerche . . 


282! 


Chii 


313 


Dula 


115 



Page 

Echcnillcur . . . . 169 

Klotototl . . . . 23 

Embcriza ilavifrons . . 33 

— flava Mexicana 

— graminea 134 
^ Illyrica . . 5ti 

— luctuosa . . 159 

— rithyornus 5(J 

— rem. & rcctr. nigris 

125 

K^clave .. .. 33 

Etoilc .. .. 20O 

Evcijuc . . . . 32 

Kuiihone clilorolique 28 

— nt'gre . . 28 
■ — organiste . . 32 

— petit .. 27 
Faiiello . . . . 94 

— deir Aquila 96 
Farlouzanne .. .512 
Kauvette des Alpes . . 65 
Kcldlercbe . . . . 265 
Ficcdula Madag. major 270 
Figuicr noir & jaune 233 
Finch, Ai,'ine . . 65 j 

— Amaduvadc . . 104 | 

— American yellow 118 

— Angola . . 101 I 

— Arctic . . 99 

— ash-crowned 130 

— Asiatic . . 85 

— autumnal , . 149 

— azure- headed 1 10 

— Bahama 128, 138 

— barred .. 114 

— bearded . . 147 

— beautiful .. 80 

— black and orange 67 

— .. breasted 501 

— .. collared 93 

— .. faced .. 121 

— . . headed 72 



VOLUMli VI. 

Finch, blue-belliid . . 

— . . crowned 

— , . fiif^cd 

— . . headed . . 

— Doiiana 

— Uraiubling 

— Brazilian 

— brown 

— . . throated 

— Canary 

— Cape . . 

— Capsa 

— Carolina 

— Carthagena . . 

— Cayenne 

— Ceylon 

— Chair 

— chestnut-bellied 

— Chinese 

— . . long-tailei 

— chi|)ping 

— cinereous 

— cisalpine 

— Citril 

— collared 

— cream-coloured 

— crescent 

— crimson-crowned 

— . . headed 

— Cu'.i 

— Duree 

— dusky 

— dwarf 

— Eustachian 

— fasciated 

— Fire 

— flaming 

— foolish 

— forest 

— frizzled 

— Genus 

— Georgian 



y'</i'.; 






/',<.. 


103 


; Finch, glo-v 


126, 127 


111 


1 


gul.l 


75 


146 


\ 


green 


7'.' 


110 


' — 


Gotah 


Ur: 


1.25 


1 


(iuiua 


lis 


60 


I 


grass 


134 


145 


— 


green-gold 


79 


72 


— 


Indian 


92 


109 


— 


rumpei 


111 


86 




grey-hciuled 


124 


107 


! 


hybernal 


141 


64 




imperial 


11'.! 


122 


1 — 


Lapland 


62 


128 


— 


lepiil 


12lt 


U7 


— 


little 


11. i 


109 


— 


long-billed 


71 


57 


— 


.. tailed . 


lo.S 


81 


— 


lovely 


67 


85 


I — 


Lulean 


62 


103 


— 


lunar 


111 


150 


— 


Macao 


67 


127 


— 


Mexican 


120 


49 


— 


modest 


lU 


90 


— 


mustachoe 


141 


74 


— 


nilid . . 


. 117 


118 


— 


Nootka 


127 


66 


1 ' ^^ 


northern 


131 


59 


i — 


Norton 


. 137 


140 


— 


Oker ,. 


112 


108 


— 


orange 


13S 


115 


— 


.. tailed . 


121 


102 


— 


pale nimped . 


86 


114 


— 


parrot 


81 


73 




pine 


71 


134 


— 


purple 


139 


109 


— 


red-crowned 


59 


59 


— . 


.. faced 


80 


54 


— . 


. . headed 


81 


71 


— 


rice -field 


145 


73 


— 


ring 


53 


45 


— 


rosy . . 


69 


140 


—. 


rufous 


143 



1. 1 



:i 



rincli, rufou9-c'hinncMl 

. . k'SSCM' 

— nuty-t'olliircd 

— saHVon-M'iited 

— Kav!inn;ili 

— scarlet 

— st'u-sidc 

— SL'iieg.il 

— Si' rill 

— sharp-tailed 

— slaty 

— snow 

— sontr 

— s])ockk'il 

— sjiotted 

— . . breasted 

— Sliasburi; 

— streaked-lieaded 

— Strilied-lieaded 

— sultry . . 

— suiiiniei' 

— Suriiuiiu 

— swamp 

— tawiiy-rumped 

— temporal 

— testaceous 

— 'I'oDty 

— tree 

' — Tripoline 

— Van Dieaien's 

— > arietjated 

— ■ ultramarine . 

— wave-breasted 

— whitc-l'.easted 

— . . chinned 

— . . eared 

— . . throated 

— winter 

— yellow 

— . . jiinioncd 

— . . throated 

— . . winged 



/''•.«•' I; 
VZ(> 'i 

H3 

1' 
VZS I, 

!>1 

123 
0S\ 
150 
105 I 

«y j 
137 
117 

(;3 

133 

55 

135 

144 

96 

133 

131 

113 

130 

14S 

I'n 

151 

115 

n'2 

70 

51 

94 

118 

US 

93 

117 

09 

7 '2 

107 

129 

144 

22, 92 

132 

140 

149 



voi.i mi: vi. 

/'</i'.' 

Finek . . . . 67 

Flaxbird . . 120 

I'liegenfanger Gcebechter 15f! 

gestieifte 156 

— ^— scliwartze 



Fluelcrchc 
Flycatcher, active 
— A rican 



159 
65 
248 
170 
256 
252 



Annunibi 
ash-baired 

. . coloured 169 

auirust . . 172 

Au.itralasian 218 

azure ISO, 181 

.. headed ISl 

Uanjumas 206 

barred-tail 221 

black . . 190 

. . tSi white 164 

cai)ped 

225, 237 

cheeked 215 

crowned 212 

. . fronteil 168 

. . headed 232 

topiied 214 

blue-billed 258 

collared 198 

crowned 1S2 

. . heade<l 183 

JJourbon 203 

broad-bill.203,203 

broad-tailed 178 

brown 259 

buH'-throated 218 



Canibaian 

Canada 

Cape 

Cat 

Cawnpore 

Cayenne 

celestial 



200 
231 
101 
249 
176 
235 
201 





I'llKI 


chattering 


228 


choral 


202 


cinereous 


223 


ciiuianion 175 


,234 


clicking 


lt;4 


Cochin-China 


2()2 


cock, tailed 


253 


Coldlincli 


159 


collared 


106 


Coromandel 


108 


crested 202, 


242 


lesser 


224 


erinis. -bellied 


215 


ruiuped 174 


delicate 


191 


desert 


199 


dun 


205 


<lusky 211 


225 


dwarf 


235 


fantail . . 


184 


ferruginous 


234 


flammeous 


173 


fork -tailed 


237 


full-winged 


250 


Genus 


154 


gold-throaled 


231 


green , . 


188 


grey 


217 


. . ncckcil 


lh!( 


Guava 


180 


hanging 


247 


lioodcd . . 


210 


Javan 


177 


Indian . . 


171 


Indigo .. 


206 


little 


260 


long- tailed 


185 


Luuisianu 


243 


Lucknow 


1S2 


luteous . . 


208 


maculate 


20O 


Madagascar 


170 



i 



Flycatcher, Manilla 191 

— mantled <J04 

— Martinico 230 

— melodious 157 

— minute . . 237 

— murine . . 22'2 

— nnistachoc 255 

— nuitable 195 

— nojvous . . 2«8 

— nchulosc 197 

— New Holland 220 

— nilid .. 188 

— noted . . 259 

— obscure 205 

— olive 222, 22 C 

— orange-breasted 

251 

— . . crowned 244 

— . . vented 199 

— Pacific .. 220 

— Paradise 192 

— Paraguan 254 

— particoloured 192 

— passerine 20C 

— Peruvian 257 

— petechial 247 

— petty .. 236 

— Pewee .. 224 

— pewit .. 237 

— Philippine 190 

— Phoebe .. 225 

— pied 1C3, 207 

— Pririt .. 1C5 

— querulous 226 

— red-backed 219 

— .. bellied 209 

— . . eyed 226 

— .. faced 205 

— .. vented 186 

— Rock 962 

— rose-breasted 216 

— . . winged 215 



VOLUMK VI. 

/'.-■, 
Flycatcher, round-crested 21fi 

— rufous 250 

— . . bellied 250 

— .. fronted 213 

— .. vented 172 

— rust-bellied 20';j 

— rusty-crowned 221 

— .. throated 212 

— Sandwich 211 

— scarlet-bellied 210 



Schct all 

Senegal 

slaty 

small 

society 

solitary 

southern 



19'i 
1C7 
251 
158 
185 
220, 260 
216 



spectacle 


204 


spotted . . 


156 


winget 


212 


yellow 


169 


starry 


200 


streaked 


246 


striped 


222 


supercilious 


176 


Surinam 


248 


swallow-tailed 239 


tufted 


185 


naped 


261 


tyrant 


241 


variegated 


163 


velvet-headed 


198 


verdittr 


182 


vittated 


179 


undulated 


171 


warbling 


229 


waved . . 


158 


. . tyrant 


240 


whiskered 


245 


whistling 


259 


white 


318 


. . browed 


177 



217 
161 
163 
162 



168 
224 
179 



Flycatc' • : . \\liite-pye(l 

— . . fronted 

— . , headed 

— . . necked 

— . . hided 

— . . tailed 

— wood Pewee 

— wreathed 

— yellow-bellied 23S 

— . . I)reaste<l 187 

— . . crowned 243 

— .. cared 218 

— .. fronted 207 

— . . headed 207 

— . . rumped 234 

— .. tai'ed 232 

— . . throated 

183, 261 

— .. vented 186 
238 



— Yijieru 
! Fringilla v'Ethiops 

— Abyssinica 

— Afra 

— Alario 



127 

93 

HO 

107 

Ml 



albicollis 
alls & Cauda nigris 58 
Amandava 104 

Angolensis 101, 103 



arborea 


51 


arcuata 


66 


Argentoratensis 


96 


Asiatica 


85 


atra 


102 


Australia 


128 


autumnalii 


149 


Bahamensis 


138 


barbata 


147 


Bengalensis 


103 


bicolor 


128 


Bononiensis 


55 


brachyura 


56 


butyracea 


92 




Mi 



,i' 1 



'■I I 



\\ % 











VOLUMK VI. 














/'ftfre 






/'./«.-• 1 






/',/«/• 


I'ringill 


\ Cacatototl 


120 


Fringil' 


a ignita 


109 


Friiigill!! 


picta 


110 


— 


Ccclobs 


57 


— 


iliaca 


122 


— 


pinetorum . 


71 


— 


caerulca 


110 


— 


impeiialis 


112 


— 


pinu3 


12tt 


— 


calcarnta 


62 


I — 


Indica 


74 


— 


psittacca . 


81 


— 


calida 


113 


— 


Lapi)onica 


C2 


— 


jiurpurca . 


139 


— 


cana 


124 


I — 


lepida 


129 


— 


pusilla 


141 


— 


canaria 


Sf) 


— 


leucoccphala 


76 


— 


rosea 


ti'.t 


— 


Candida 


r.s 


— 


linicotis 


107 


— 


rubra 


8, 104 


— 


cannabina 


y5 


— 


knicura 


56 


— 


rufo-barbata 


126 


— 


Capsa 


(A 


— 


linaria 


97 


— 


ruticapilla 


59 


— 


canluclis 


74 


— 


linota 


94 


— 


Savannarum 


12;< 


— 


Cai'otinoniis 


122 


— 


longirostiis 


71 


— 


i>cni'gala 


105 


— 


Carthaginionsis 


128 


— 


lulcnsis 


62 


— 


Scnegalensis 


71 


— 


cauilacula 


137 


— 


lunata 


HI 


— 


Scrinus 


89 


— 


ciniTca 


127 


— 


iiiacroura 


138 


— 


Sinica 


65 


— 


Cisali)ina 


49 


— 


Maia 


108 


— 


socialis 


15(> 


— 


citi-inella .. 


90 


1 — 


maritinia . . 


150 


— 


spinus 


S2 


— 


cocc'inea 


6S 


— 


IMartiiiicensis 


126 


— 


striata 


1,51 


— 


ciispa 


73 




inelanictera 


67 


— 


stulta 


54 


— 


cristata 59, l^il 


122 




luelanocephala 


72 


— 


Siuinama . 


148 


— 


cyanoce[ihala 


111 


— 


niclanolcuca 


68 


— 


sylvatica 


71 


— 


cyanomt'las 


no 


1 __ 


Mclba 


79 


— 


Syriaca 


94 


— 


Dalmatica 


56 


— 


melodia 


133 ■■ 


— 


temporalis . 


iir, 


— 


domcstica 


46 


— 


Mcxlcana . , 


120 


— 


testacea 


11',' 


— 


elcgans 


80 


— 


montana 51, 


60, 62 


— 


torquata 


58, 74 


— . 


erythi'ocephala 


81 


— 


montifringilla 


60: 


— 


tricolor 


no 


— 


Eustachii 


73 


— 


niuntiuni . . 


100 i 


— 


trisiis 


US 


— 


fasciata 


134 


— 


multicolor 


111 


— 


varicgata . 


]4h 


— 


flammea Sy, G2 


— 


na;via 


72 


— 


viridis cap. spa. 16 


— • 


flaveola 


91 


— 


nigricans . . 


49 


— 


ultramarina 


93 


— 


Havicollis 


146 


— 


nitcns 


126 


— 


Zena 


13S 


— 


flavirostris 


99 


— 


nitida 


117 


— 


Zeylonica . 


1(19 


— 


forniosa 


67 


— 


nivalis 


63,04 


Fringillago viridis capite 


— 


fiisca 


72 


— 


noctis 


126 




rubro 


15 


— 


fuscicollis 


109 


— 


Nortonicnsis 


137 


Fringuello 


57, 60 


— 


Georgiana 


140 


— 


obscura 


102 


Fricjuet 




• 51 


— 


graminca 


134 


— 


ocliracca . . 


112 


— huppt- 


121 


— 


granatina 


145 


— 


palustris 


122 


Gadagiee 


. 323 


— 


gularis 


65 


— 


passcriua . . 


149 


Gailaror 


.. 


90, 116 


— 


Hispaniolensis 


50 




Pcnsylvanica 


129 


Gcebeckter fliegenfanger 116 


— 


hycinulis 


144 


, 


pectore cuTuleo 16 


Geraundi 


27 


~ 


Jamaica 


125 


— 


petronia 


53 1 


Giarola 


• • • 


268 



(.iibao lie coiiru 
Glckciiin 
Ciilgliero 
Gobc'-niouche 



VOI.UMK VI. 

Wl I Gobc-iuoiiclic ilu Ciip. (If n. 



Q84 

147 

loC, 158 



ii bandeau bluiic 
107 

- capuchon blanc 

1(>3 

- collier Cap. B. 

Spei 1(J1 

- gorge brune \(M\ 

- gorge jiiune 16(J ' 

- gorge rousse 100 

- longue queue, &c 

195 

- longue queue ile 

Miulag. 190 

- lunettes 204 

- poitrinc noire 

lor 

- poitrinc orangi e 

251 

- t.tc bleuatre 183 

- ventre blanc 104 

- ventre jaune 235 
azuron 201 
blanc luippi: 192 
bleu des Philipp. 

180 
brun de Cayenne 

251 
brun de la Caroline 



lisp. 102 

— grand condri' l(i!J 

— liuppc de Bourbon 

203 

— Inippc (lu Senegal 

202 

— niantelc 204 

— niolenar 101 

— noir :'i collier 102 

— noiratrc 225 

— olive de Cayenne 

248 

— petit .. 235 

— pririt .. 105 
Gobc-moucheron 235, 230 
Gobe-niouclie rouge:'itre 158 

— roux de Cayenne 

250 

— verdatredelaChine I 

179 
Goiavier noir de Manille 
Goldfinch 

— canary 

— swallow . . 
Golung-ag-ga 
Gonia Ritta . . 
Gracula glauca 
Graulinkc 
Greenfinch Indian 

— red-headed 



257 

29 

22 

238, 254 

. 207 



Grcnadin 

I 

223 ' Grien Vogclin 
brun de la Martini. \ Grive rousse iv noiratre 



ISO 
74 
78 
70 
115 
282 
18 
53 
92 
10 
145 
284 
249 



Guira annunibi 

— Jeniiia 

— perea , . 

— Yetapa 
Gulgul 

Gyntel de Strasbourg 90 

Hiibeseh de Syric , . 94 

Habia a bee orange . . 43 

— - sourcils blancs 10 

— jaune . . 44 

— ponceau . . 13 

— rougeatre .. 44 
Hacnlling . . . . 95 
Hamba Puyu . . 278 
Hanibouvreux .. 51 
Haubcn blutfink 69 

— lerche , . 271 
Haussecol noir 311 

— queue noir & blanc 310 
Hoche-queuc noir & blanche 

31rt 
Hotototl 
Houpette 

Hyreus Abyssinicus 
Jacarini 

Icteria duinicola 
Icterus Madcraspatanus 
Inrascapularis 



247 I Grosbeak, blue-shouldered 30 



d'Amerique 232 
de Bourbon 172 
de Carol. 223,225 
do risle de France 
171 
de Luron 190, 191 
de Pondichery 108 



common 

grey 

Hamburg 

three-toed 

yellow-bellied 



Grosbec 
Guifso balito 



110 
125 

57 

153 

9 

79 
153 



Karreet 
Ketilan 
Kinki-manou 
Kiiigking 
Kogoo aroura 
Krautvogcl 
Kungun 

Kurtzehige Lerche 
Lamprotornis 
Lancha Lancha 
Lanius Carbo 
Lark, African 

— Aggia 

— agile 



29 

11 
153 

21 
228 
192 
330 

20 
180 
109 
319 
310 
271, 234 
317 
302 

38 

,. 278 

2 

295 

308 

305 



1 




r 


■iV F 








i 


y 

\ 



.' t 




% 



iliiiil 



Lark, 









VOr.UMK VI. 












I'ng, 






I'nfiX 






Punt 


li.iag-gpyra . . 


307 


Lark, 


rufous-hooded 


<2.[>1 


Linnet, Twite 


106 


black 2C7 


'287 


— 


sand 


mn 


— 


yellow-hcadid 


(i 


bniwti 


281 


— 


sea 


279 


Linol 


e 


'.14 


Calandrc 


2yi) 


— 


Senegal 


299 


— 


:i tete jaiuic 





crested 


304 || 


— 


sliorc 311,31'2' 


— 


lirune 


102 


Cape 


'293 


— - 


short-toed 


302 , 


— 


dc Surinam . . 


MS 


citi' T'Hous '295 


,310 


— 


sky 


265 1 


— 


grande cles Vignes 


05 


claiipor 


300 


— 


slender 


305 1 


Loilol 


I 


265 


crested 


'271 


— 


Si)arrow 


285' 


— 


capclhita 


271 


lesser 


273 


— 


Spinoletta 


284 1 


— 


(li Frato 


260 


desert 


301 


— 


tawny 


298 


Loxia Cubeensis 


108 


Dixon's 


310 


— 


testaceous 


283 


— 


cyanocei)hala 


111 


dusky 


'280 


— 


Tit . . 


27(i; 




cyanogastra . . 


101 


ferruginous . . 


298 1 


— 


undated 


272' 


— 


erylhrina 


60 


(ield 


•^74! 


— 


Wagtail 


sod ' 




fil^cicollis 


lOO 


Finch 


307 


— 


white 


260 1 




granatina 


145 


Genus 


'2c I : 


— 


white-winged 


'291 


— 


Hiunburgensis 


51 


Gingi 


300 


— 


willow 


282 . 


— 


ignita 


100 


great-billed ,, 


200- ! 


— 


wood 


269; 


— 


Icucotis 


107 


Javau 


292 


— . 


yellow-headed 


303 1 


— 


Mexicana 


3,6 


Jclli 


303 1 


— 


Vcltonian 


289 1 


— 


jiieta . . 


110 


Italian 


268 1 


Lavan 


dicrc 


310 1 


— 


Seiiegala 


105 


Lnuisiane 


312 




brun 


331 


— 


Seiinus 


0(» 


Malabar 


'299 




pie 


320 


— 


tridactyla 


153 


marsh 


282' 


— 


variee 


332 


— 


variegiitii 


;t 


meadow 


284 


Lcrche 


26., 


Lucai'ino 


8<;; 


Mongolian 


292 , 


— 


kurtzehige 


302 


Lulu 


• • • • 


273 


mutable 


288 


— 


piep 


245' 


Luscinia alis varicgatis 


150 


New Holland 


309 


Letti 


Letti . . 


278 


— 


caerul. & rubro varia 


New Zealand 


310 


Ligurino 


82 






34 


Ounghee 


30() 


Ligui 


inus 


82,84 


Maia 


de la Cuba 


108 


pasture 


276 


Linaria 


94 


Malkala kourla 


187 


Pensylvanian 


281 


— 


Angolensis 


101 


Mamat 


127 


pipit 


278 


— 


rubra major 


95 


IManucodiata cristata, &c. 192 


Portugal 


283 


— 


seu Luteola nig 


pa 59 


Maracaxao 


79 


red 


281 


Lindo bleu, doro & noir 14 


Mattolina 


270 


led-backed , . 


286 


— 


bleu & doro 


27,31 


Merula Brazilica 


6 


Kichards's 


294 




bruna huppe jaune245 


— 


Tiridib Carolinensis 228 


rock 


'279 




precieux 


30 


RIesangc de Malabar 


274 


rufous 


313 


Linnet, Angola 


101 


— 


de Nanquin 


86 


. . backed 


313 


— 


common 


94 


— 


sicbcn farbige 


26 


headed 


297 


""■ 


red-headed 


95,97 


— 


vert de la Car. 


229 



m 



1 



voiiMrc VI. 





) 


'live 






itiii' || 


Mirafra. 


avanica 


292 


Moucherolle brun de la Ma 


Moincnu 


.1 itte rousse 


30 






2-1 H |i 


— 


(lu Cayenne 


21 


— 


<l'Virgiiiic 


249 11 




la?. 


127 : 


— 


deaPhilipjiinea 


190 ; 


— 


(le la Carol'nu' 


122 


— 


hujip .ii tctcd' 


icier ; 


— 


do Java 


08 j 






192 


— 


dc Macao . . 


«r 


Moustache 


255 


— 


(In BitViil 


i2(; 


Muscicai)a Acadica 


224 


Mod tain 


grand 


C'l 


— 


a' don 


157 


IMoiitifiiiigilliileueocciih. 


G] 


— 


agilis 


248 


Mixiiai Kandaii!^ 


177 


— 


alba 


318 


Mordoic 




11 


— 


albicapilla 


230 


Motacill 


I Afia 


332 


— 


atbicollia 


102 


— 


alba 315. 


31H 1 


— 


albifrons 


101 1 


— 


albida 


3i(; 


— 


Aincricanus 


232 ! 


— 


al|iinfi 


65 


— 


atra 


109 


— 


boinila 3'2J 


327 


— 


atricapilla 




— 


cfcruk'secns 


32G 




159, 162 


214 


— 


canii.oitiis 


324 


— 


;\udax 


242 


— 


Capcnsis 


331 


— 


aurantia . . 


251 


— 


cincrca 323 


324 


— 


australis 


210 


— 


citrcola 


330 


_^ 


Banyumas 


200 


-r 


nava 324, 


327 


— 


barbata 215 


. 245 


— 


flavicauda . . 


232 


— 


bicolor 104 


, 192 


— 


Hudsonica 


335 


— 


IJorbonica 171 


,203 


— 


Javensis 


320 


— 


Braziliensis crist. 


— 


Indica 


334 






193 


— 


lugubris 


321 


— 


ca;rulea . . 


180 


— 


Maderaspatana 




— 


Calcdonica 


222 




319 


, 320 


— 


Cambaiensis 


20O 


— 


melanops 


333 


— 


cana 


109 


— 


multicolor 


233 


— 


Canadensis 


231 


— 


Sheltobriuscula 


330 


— 


cincrea 


— 


southern 


216 






231 


— 


sprciosa 


319 


— 


olivacea 


— 


Tchutschensis 


S33 






227 


— 


velia 


34 




Cantatrix 


247 


— 


verna 


327 




Capensis 


102 


— 


viridis 


335 





Cap. B. Spei 


193 


Moucherolle 184,192, 195 


,203 





Carolinensia 


249 


— 


i\ queue fourchuc 


— 


cinerea 






228 






223 



Muscicapa Cayanensi* 235 

— .. rufa 35(1 



L 2 



cincrca 


250 


cinnamoniea 


231 


coccinigasti-a 


215 


Cochinsinensis 


203 


coUaris 


100 


coniata 


185 


coronata ., 


240 


crinita 


242 


eristata 


20'i 


alba 


192 


cucullata 


210 


cyanoccphala 


183 


Deserti 


199 


dicroa 


192 


crythropis 


205 


ferox 


24() 


ferruginea 


225 


flabcllifera 


IHI 


flammea 173 


. 175 


tlavicdllis 


189 


Havifrons 


207 


flavigastra 


217 


flaviventris 


241 


forficata 


238 


fuliginosa 199 


, 251 


fusca 


225 


fusees cens 


189 


grisea 


189 


grisola 


156 


heinorrhous 


180 


Javanica 


106 


Jamaicensis 


226 


Indigo 


200 


latirostris 


203 


Lucionensis 


190 


luctuosa 


159 


lutea 


208 


Ludoviciana 


343 


maculata 


212 



— Madagasc. 170, 195 



ri II 




m^ 





■ 'i- ' 


1 

■ ; 1 




4ii 


; ; 




if 









1 

1'"' 



viu.rMi; VI. 



Mmcic.^ 





I'.IU, 


t 




flier 






I'llS. 


a Ma(l;igiistaiicn»i» Mincicn| 


u nilivcntris 


Ki 


I'aiai 


i'<e, pii'd bird of 


192 


ciiuTca 


ICll — 


Mipt«tlis 


2(;2 


I'artii t()( vineiis 


174 


M.X(Iatj;is(':irii'nsis — 


rtilicilla 


232 


— 


gri-eiii 


.'■.9 


loiigicaiicia 


l!tO — 


Sandiiicensis 


211 


— 


IMalabaririH 


174 


IMaiiillciiTii'i 


IR'i — 


Senrgak'n>is 




Passer .MVie. i\iniiU3 


M 


Muitinicaiia 




l<i7 


.211 


, — 


a{;re»tis 


1 II 


•23(1 


.2»r — 


cristala 


202 


] ^— 


albieilla lionon. 


.'.(i 


iiii'lanictcra 


is: 


torcpial 


a lt;() 


— 


Ainerieiinus 


30 


nic'laiiocciiliala 


\ni\ — 


Niliiiica 


205 


— 


biacliMinis nostras 


50 


inelodia 


22S 


— 


Sinensis . . 


179 


— 


Hononiensii) 


55 


iiieloxanlha 


212 


— 


^olilaria . . 


2fi0 


— 


ea."ru!eo-rusciis 


125 


ininuta '23(! 


, 237 


— 


spadicea . . 


231 


1 


canipeiitriij 


5.'1 


nuitatd 


lor. 


— 


striata 


Oi^O 


— 


eandiiluH 


48 


n.Tvia 


2()H ' — 


suju'riiliofa 


212 


— 


Cuji. Iloniu Spii 


00 


nigra 


185 — 


Surinaina 


248 


; — 


cyaiieiytliroincia'. 


4 


nigrifrons 


' 1 


syhieola . . 


2<il 


— 


(loMiesiieus 


47 


nitcns 


188 — 


Tec tec 


171 


[ — 


tTythroniclui 


.» 


novaHollandiip'^lS ! — 


lor(|iiata . . 


k;i 


1 


flax us 


49 


Novfboraccnsis "217 


— 


'r>rannu.-i 


237 


— 


Janiaicensis . . 


123 


Nunciola 


225 


— 


vaiicgata 


10-3 


— 


Inilicus bracliyurus 


120 


obbcura 205 


211 


— 


vircns 


223 


— 


. . jiorphyrionii 


las 3 


uchracea 


170 


— 


viigata .. 


24 « 


— 


niaculatus 


55 


ocliroleuca 


231 ' — 


Virgin, cristata 


242 


! *"* 


I\K'\ieanus 143, 


145 


oculis rubi'is 


22 « — 


fusca 


249 


i 


uioiilainis 


51 


olivacca . . 


22fi — 


\iridis 


228 


— 


nigcr 


120 


Paradisi , . 


192 ; — 


\ociferans 


202 


— 


.. erytiiroryn. 


120 


paiva 


15S| — 


undiilata 


171 


i 


Pensilvanicus 


129 


j)asseiina .. 


2(>fi Mufthtaki 


. . 


278 




Pratoruni 


124 


petechia . . 


^47 Ncbuleux 




197 


— 


Sclavonicus . . 


56 


Piiili|i))ensis 


190 Negrettc 


.. 


21 


1 


stulliis 


54 


PiicDbe 


225 1 Nil-N'ilan 


. . 


20G 


— 


syi\ostris 


53 


Pontiteriana 


IGS (Enanllie 


nostra quarta 


159 


— 


toripialus 


53 


Psidii 


ISfJ Oiscau silent ieux 


22 


— 


volgaire 


49 


pusilla 


2f;o Olivet 


. . 


4 


Posscra di Canaria . . 


80 


pygniea 


235 Olivet la 


. . 


H5 


— 


(loinestica 


47 


qucrula 224, 


22(> OnduK' 


. . 


1.5S! 


— 


marina 


54 


rapax 


224 Onglet 


. . 


14 


— 


niontanino 


51 


rliodogastra 


215 ! Oomaniao 


pooa hou 


208 


— 


IMettugia 


55 


rubra 


8 


Oranor 


. . 


173 


Passci 


cuius Uononienfeis 


54 


rufcscens 


250 


Organiste 


. . 


32, 


- 


Cap. Dona; Spei 


rufifrona 


213 


Ounghee 


. . 


30G 






107 


ruflgastra 


203 


Outramer 


. . 


93' 


Peedaw 


190 










\()i.!'Mr: VI. 










/'./<!, 


1 


I'r.^f 






1'iii.r 


I'ediik 


3'i9 


Ringcl S|mt7. 


54 


Snee- 


1.1. i- 


312 


Fecwo 


2W 


Rouge cap 


15 


SokeeaSoleil 


IT'i 


I'cre noir 


IW 


_- gorge 


35 


Sordone 


05 


|»lia-b(-niril 


i'i'i 


Rnussiline 


. 282 


Souk'ie 


.5;t 


I'liyliitDiiiii rant 


\:,i 


Rubi'tra Aiiglicana 


1 59 


Souriri rouge 


7.« 


Phytnloinr (i'AI>yMiniu 


153 


RutieillaAuiericana 


2:J'2 


1 Sparr 


ow, Amer. of Seba 


lii; 


till ( liili . 


15'2 


Siiiliobi 


12, 125 


I 


black 


49 


I'icii I'lipoenHis 


\>J'i 


Sanabi 


42 


— 


Cape 


I07 


I'iep Icrclii' 


27H 


! Sat-Sukliey-ka-jH'ea 


173 


— 


Cap^a 


f!4 


I'ilk.-y 


330 


Savana 


. 237 


— 


cbipping 


15() 


I'iiinon 


r.7 


Sauteur 


21 


— 


Cisalpine 


»;t 


— a tloulile collier 


7» 


Siiyacu 


17 




Dal.natie 


5»i 


— - lonp; iior 


71 


Scarlat 


(i 




lii'ld 


1 11 


— - (I'lo iioii'p <<( bli 


nclu' 


Siailci-back 


219 


— 


fiiecn 


lis 




138 


Sehct-all 


19'i 


— 


lldilse 


10 


— (Ic9 Ardennes 


CO 


— noir 


195 


— 


red -beaded 


5.{ 


— flis,. 


73 


— rec be 


192, 203 


— 


sliorl -tailed 


50 


— jaune & rouge 


73 


— roux . . 


l!Mi 


— 


Sjpanish 


50 


Pipit 


313 


— vouloiilou 


197 


— 


swamp 


122 


— Rirbard 


a!»t 


Scliuar/.barti lien 


97 


— 


1 ree 


51 


Pi|pia polyi^lotta 


«'28 


Semuttan 


171 


— 


wbili- IH, r,i; 


Fitliit bk'u do Surinam 


34 


Senegali rouge 


105 


— 


wbite-tailed 


5(; 


— varif 


31 


Sencgahis ruber 


105 


— 


wliitc-throated 


129 


Plant-cutter, Abyssinian 


153 


Septicolor 


20 


— 


wood 


53 


Cbili . . 


1,VJ 


Serin 


90 




yellow 


19 


Preneur dcs Mouches 


8 


— (leMosanibiquc 


89 




yel. ])inioned G 


•ass 


Pyrrhula Carolinensis violac. ' 


— des Canaries 


rtC 






137 




13<» 


Scrino adinis av. 124 


232,233 


— 


yellow-winged 


1 1!» 


— erythrina 


69 


Serinus Angolensis 


lol 


Sperii 


ng raucb 


i; 


I'yc, crestiil loni;-tailed 


193 


— canarius 


80 


Spinu 


' ■ . . . 


'.Hi 


Pyrrhubi Hamburgcnsis 


51 


— Janiaicensis 


124 


Spipol 


a altera 


270 


yuatoztli 


21 


— Italiciis 


91 


— 


palustris 


279 


Oiiy-lum-long-su 


189 


Sbawbul 


194 


— 


vulgaris 


27s 


Rauch-siioiling 


47 


Shurriab 


287 


Spipol 


I'tta 


284 


Kaytu 


308 1 


Siebcn farbigc Merle 


20 


Stare 


collared 


(15 


Redstart, Mnall Anier. 


IS'i i 


Siflicur 


259 


Stigel 


/. 


71 


ReguUis alter Cap. B. Spei ^7 1 


Sikattan 


. 177 


Stoparola Aldrovandi 


1 50 


Raiiil)hociit' bee d'argent 


•2 


Sirli 


295 


Stouine 


3.'i 




3 


Siskin 


82,84 


Suda Sobagec 


175 


Rhamphopis Bresilicnsis 


3 


— New York 


120 


Suirir 


brun & blanc 


■J59 




2 


Sizerin 


97 


— 


brun & plombtf 


241 




3 


Skylark 


205 


— 


conimun 


225 







mM\ 



voi.rMi: vr. 



I : 



Suiiiri g\iazu . . 'Zi'2 

— gi'iiiul liiiin i*v jaiinc -241 

— noir ;i lice bleu ibS 

— tacl)ct6 en (lessous 243 

— veit :i eour. noire 259 
Sukeesa-lehen . . 175 
Simimcr red-biril . . H 
Sjacou . . . . ly I 
SyUia flava- . . .. 3'27 

— t'lisca . . l">(i 

— Iii'ctore nigro .'Jl.') 

— |)e3tilentialis 15(i 

— -striata 222 

— Surinam, ea-iulca 35 
'I'anager, Arclibisbop l<> 

— Bishop .. 17 

— black .. 38 

— black and blue 35 

— Iilaek-capped 38 

— black-faced 12 

— black-headed 14 

— Brazilian 3 

— cffiiulean . . 23 

— Capital . . 23 

— Ciiincic . . 85 

— created .. 11 

— crimson-throated 39 \ — 

— divaricated 40 

— furrow-clawed 14 

— Genus . . 1 

— golden .. 27 

— grand . . 10 

— green . . 20 

— green-headed 24 

— grey-headed 34 

— hooded . . 13 

— Jacarini . . 21 

— Jew . . 41 

— Louisiane 10 

— Malimbic 39 

— Mexican . . 8 

— Mississippi 7 







/'»., 1 






/'.,;•,• 


Tanagei 


, negro 


28 ! 


'I'anagi 


a ca]iitaiis 


23 


— 


olive 


4. 5 ; 


— 


Cayana 


30 


— 


orange-belli 'd 


43' 


— 


Cayancnsi.s . . 


29 


— 


Farad ise 


2« 


— 


chlorotiea 


28 


— 


I'araguan 


44 

1 


— 


cristata 


11 


— 


ix'i'py 


43 i 


— 


duminiea 


3() 


— 


red 


£*; 


— 


eleganj 


37 




. . bellied . . 


34 1 


— 


Episcopus 


17 


— 


.. billed .. 


40 I 


— 


llava 


22 


— 


. . breasted 


2 


— 


llavih'ons 


33 


_ 


. . crested 


44 


— 


(iuianip.sis . . 


34 




. . headed 


15 


— 


gularis 


15 


— 


. . sided 


42 





(iyrola 


15 


— 


. . thioated 


15 j 


— 


.lacapa 


«.; 




rufdus-iieaded 


30 I 


— 


Jacarina 


21 




St. Domingo 


Jo' 




leueocephala 


21 




Sayacu 


li» 


— 


ludoviciana 


10 




showy 


:s 


— 


magna 


10 


— 


silent 


22 


— 


malimbiea . . 


39 


1 — 


spottcil emeralil 


li) 


— 


melanictera 


.)/ 


— 


green 


1!) 


— 


niclanopis 


12 


1 — - 


summer 


f* 


— 


Me.\iLina 


35 


— 


tuneful 


32 


— 


Mississippensis 


7 


i 


Turciuoise . . 


29 


— 


olivacea 


4 


— 


variable 


34 


— 


ornata 


IS 


— 


variegated . . 


9 


— 


pileata 


l.i 


— 


violet 


29 


— 


punctata 


19 


— 


virescent 


33 


— 


rubra 


5 


— 


white-bellied 


42 


— 


rudis 


3 


— 


. . headed 


21 


— 


rulicollis 


12(, 


— 


yellow 


22 


— 


Sayaca 


18 


— 


fronted 


33 





Sibirica 


287 




headed 


ti 


1 — 


silena 


22 


Tanagra iHtiva 


8 


1 — 


striata 


14 


1 ._ 


albifrons 


21 


i — 


Tatao 


26 


— 


atra 


12 


— 


tricolor 


24 


! — 


atrata 


38 


i — 


variabilis 


34 


— 


atricapilla . . 


14 


! — 


variegata 


y 


— 


Barbad. caerulea 


30 


— 


violacea 


27 


i -~ 


Bonariensis . . 


29 


— 


virens 


23 


— 


Brazilia 


3,29 


Tangara 


26 


— 


canura 


23 


— 


Archeveque 


16 



i-".^ 









VOLUME VI. 












I'aije 




/'»/. - 






/'Of:. 


Tanirani ■■* (t'te roussc 


30 


Tarin .. .. 82, 120 


Verdineii' 


12K 


— 


Barlmdensis 


.■3(i 


Tarraiii dc la Ciiinc . . 


85 


Verzoll 


110 


91 


— 


bleu . . '2? 


, 3(; 


Tthitrcc 


202 


Vireo niusicua 


247 


— 


Braziliensis cincrca 13 


Tocuiuasiiisb 


(>3 


— \iresceii3 


33 


— 


tlava 


22 


Tiiiii 


27 


Vira-ouibi' 


17t> 


— 


leucoci'jili. 


Telale 


235 


Uggia 


> * 


308 






21 


Tcmmcncb 


219 


Ungana 




84 


— 


nig.;i 


21 


Teoatihtolotl 


35 


Uwia 




174 


— 


nigro-lutca 


Tessaracourb j 


1!)0 


Wagtail 


, African 


332 






27 


Tinsllc-lincb 


74 


— 


Aguinip 


320 


— 


varia 


18 


Tictic 171 


, 172 


— 


black and wbite 320 


— 


viridia 


20 


lijc 


4 


— 


black-lieadcd 


334 


— 


brun d'Anu'ritjnc 


15 


— jjeranga 


13 


— 


Calcutta 


333 


— 


cseriil. nov. Hisp. 


23 


1 irki 


Kj'S 




Cape 


331 


— 


Cayancns. ca;rulca 35 


Tissorin 


31) 


— 


cinereous 


32.< 


— 


nigra 


2S 


Titmouse, crinia.-crowne 


1 59 


— 


collared 


3KS 


— 


nigra crist 


. 11 


of Paradise 


20- 


— 


Dauurian 


33;; 


— 


nigro-liUca^S 


— — ."Spotted-green 


19 


— 


forked 


319 


— 


varia chloroc. 


Todus paradiseus 


192 


— 


(ienuii 


31.^ 






24 


Tooty, Tutie 


70 


; — 


green 


33 r. 


— 


varia cyanoc. 


Tottovilla 


20"9 


' — 


grey 


324 






25 


Touite, Tuite 


148 




grey-backed 


322 


a 


viridia 


30 


Traquct d'Angletcrre 


159 




Hudaonian 


335 


— 


de la Guiane 


22 


Tricolor . . 24, 25 




Javan 


32« 


— 


de Pei'ou 


16 


Troupiaie des Hois, &c. 


22 


— 


Indian 


334 




de St. Dominigue 


30 




1 

11 


— 


mournful 


321 


""~ 




— 


de grand bois 


10 


Trucal 


288 


— 


New Holland 


32G 


— 


diablo enrhcutnc 


35 


Turdus ft livo.K 


249 1 


— 


pied 


32(> 


— 


du Canada . . 


5 


• — bemorrhous 


186 


— 


rufous-cbecked 


335 


— 


du MissiBsipjii 


7 


— pectorc luteo 


228 


— 


sca])ular 


33G 


— 


Evequc 


17 


Tunjuin 


29 


— 


Soutbern 


322 


— 


grand 


10 


I isscka 


84 


— 


specious 


319 


— 


JRune a tcte noire 


14 


Twite 


99 


— 


Tcbutscbi 


333 


— 


Peruviana viridia 


15 


Tyran m queue fourchuc 


237 


— 


Timor 


329 


— 


pur]>urea 


■^i 


— de la Louisiana 


243 : 


— 


variegated 


332 


— 


rouge Cap 


15 


— • petit de Cayenne 


241 


— 


wbite 


315 


— 


tacbetc de Cayenne 




Tyrannus cauda bifurca 


237 


— 


yellow 324 


327 




\G, 10, 


35 


— Cayanensis 


241 


— 


yellow-beaded 


330 


— 


trice or 


24 [ 


Vardiole 


192 


Warbler 


black-beaded 


232 


— 


varie 24, 


34' 


Vengoline 


101 


— 


crimson-breasted 


— 


verd tacheto 


i» ! 


Venturon de Provence 


91 






209 


I'angavio 


29 


Verderou.\ 


34 


— 


red-bellied 


34 



ill 


p 


HH 


Mi 


^InPi 


■i i 


■^IW 


f! 


i 


11 



iMt 



rvy 












f-. i 


i^H 


1 ( 


' ffl^BuH 


u 




ifll 


In 
i, 

At 





volu>m: VI. 



Page 
Warbler, lufous & black 233 

— solitary . . <ilO 

— yellow-tailed 23^ 
Wliij. Tom Kelly .. 227 



/'nu, 



Worabce 
Xiuhtototl 
Yi peril 
Yohualtototl 



/'"ft I 



93 : Zeisig . . . . 82 

23 '• Zeislin . . . . 8y 

239 Zuril Footkee, or Phoilgy 18S 

126 



VOLUxMK VII. 



Pos^ II 


Page ,1 






P'^at 


Aliiivir 


330 


Dec en poincon couleur d 


e 


Canary-bird, wild 203 


Acccnti'ur Moiitai^iinrd 


15 


plomb 


231 


Cannevarol 


a . . 82 


Arceiitor nioduhirlM IS 
— niontaiielli'8 


,20 
15 






Ca 
Ci 


rxi nufxi 


13 
.. 114 


182,183 


pincFfi 
pocier 


Aiiiil)iil 


304 


Beetigue 


05 


Capon long-tailed , , 257 


Apusmnriim 


293 




13 


Capriinnlg 


us acntns 35(i 


Asiliis 


70 


Beclin 34,88,91,131, 


154 




— 


aetherens 349 


Avioula Aniericaiiii 224, 


243 


158, 171, 182. 


183 1 

1 




— - 


affinis . . 339 


— Mexvcaiiu altera 


220 


191, 193, 201, 


204 




— 


albioollis 359 


^- Surinainensis, &c 


.228 


— <\ lunettes 


110 




_ 


American us 


A\ia ii Corarao 


201 


Bianchetto 


83 






350, 3(!3 


— Americana, lliiljetra 




l>inibele, on fausse linott 


e 




— 


Anier. Ibijau 345 


dicta 


233 




181 







Amer. minor 


— consimilis Stoparohe 


34 


Bird, like tbe Stoparola 


234 






349, 303 


— prcrmiiiis Maizi 


235 


Bir-reagel 


344 




— . 


Asiaticns 337 


— INIexicana alba 


220 


Blackcap 


14 




— 


Braziliensis 


— , . altera 


220 


Blankehlclien, Blaukelilein i 






303, 304 


— nigra capita e luteo 




28,29 




— 


Braziliens. nsevius 


croceo 


225 


Blanmeise 


247 






345, 303 


— Picicitli Tetzeoquensis 


Boadgang 


130 




— 


Carolinensis 




233 


Boeuf de dieu 


08 






353, 357 


— Surinamensis 


225 


Boarina, Boarola 


85 







Cayanus 300 


Aubaubeel 


303 


Bottle Tom, Bottle Tit 


257 




— 


Enropaeus 332 


Aviiigarsak . . 


275 


Bonscnrle de Pro-cnce 10,19 







forlicatus 344 


liaaboonab, Babooneli 


109 


Bouvier 


85 




— 


gracilis 344 




110 


Bracliypterix 124 


,125 




. — 


grandis 345 


lialassiu , . . , 


330 


BranncUe 


20 




— 


gviseus , . 355 


Hananiste 


181 


Biaunkcblclien 


50 




— 


guianensis 301 


lijsacaraguay 


201 


Brocmslniper 


10 




— 


Jamaicensis 


Uat great 


254 


Bnrong-pooding 


218 






340, 350 


liaiini Nachtigall 


20 


Bnrra carrowla 


59 




— 


Indicus 340 


IJeccafico . . 84, 80 


— snppeleck 


320 




_ 


longipennis 341 


— cannapino 


82 


Bntciier-bird, least 


258 




— 


iucifugun 353 


15ec argcnte 


195 


Bynieisc 


252 




— 


macrodipterus341 


Ik'c en poit.^on i\ ([ueue 




Cacas 


208 




■^ 


macrourus 330 


en pelle 


222 


Calendula Pensylvanica 


200 




— 


maximns 345 



iiil 




VOLUiME VII. 





Page 






Page 


(.'aiJiiiiiulgus iiR'gaceplmlus 


Contre-iiiaitre vert a po 


trine 




CG4 




d'or 


162 




Coq d 


e roclie 


219 


Popetue 


C56 




— de Ferod 


'J2I 




C(i'2 


Co(JlU 


mtocoti 


234 


bLiiiitori|iiiitu»Cr)l 


Corip 


!e.' 


97 


— striyoidt'B 


34Li 


Cottoiivogel 


201 




HfU 


('on j 


nine 


194 


— — VirginiaiuiB 


31 'J 


Covat 


■ri a 




viUatus . . 


312 


Ciapuud volant 332, 301 


, 3(;2 


— — vocU'erus. 
('iKjueliusi' 

Cardiiialis ex iii^jr. rxn\ 
Cnise noisette 


*-»-.o 






301 

;:5i 


!)!J 










Oil 1 


Creeper, blaek and white 


172 


Cassia 


(i:j 


— 


Fiiicli 


i.*-^ 


Cussoivary-biid 


123 


— 


pied 


172 


Certliia maculatu 


172 


— 


Pine 


17S 


— pinus 


17S 


— 


yellow-throated 


159 


— varia 


172 


Cul bl 


anc 


52 


Cliaba 


339 


— 


dii Cap de B. 


Esp. 


Clmba-wouno 


370 






58 


Chamgoodari 


2S7 


— 


dii Senegal 


57 


Cliarbonicie 245 


,250 


— 


gilS 


.'.4 


Cliathuant 


332 


~ 


roubsatre 


56 


Cliatuck 


128 


— 


roux 


55 


Chicliohan 


125 


Culcliuttia 


lOG 


Cliootkce 


193 


Culo b 


ianco 


52 


Chret 


217 


■— raiizo, Colo rosso 


21 


Cluick-will's-Widow 




Curruca 


10 


S53, 35t> 


3G3 


— 


albo & nigro variu 


75 


Chuppa 


339 


— ■ 


arundinacea 


34 


Citiabeeu .. .. 


320 


— 


atricapilla 


13 


Cirgallegra . . 


250 


— 


ciiierea 


47 


Cltrin 


115 


— 


EliotiV 


20 


Clignot 


205 


— 


garruia 


82 


Collier iioir . , 


194 


— 


minor 


80 


Columbaude petite 


15 


— 


na;via 85, 


122 


Coatre-maitre 


199 


— 


scpiaria 20,35 j 




173 

re 




Jamaicen. 

syl vest lis 


IDS 
19 




__ 




132 


— > 


tertin 


83 




198 


Cyanacula 


28 





Cyprns-Bird .. M 

Cypseius Alpiiiii.N 323 

— niuraiius ;32l 
Diiyabaree .. JDII 
Deeliii .. .. 11)7 
Ucniifin 11 liiippe & gor^e 

blanelies 234 

— ini'iiL;eur ties Vers 

107 

— iHilr i: roiix 180 
Deiidericli , . 34 
Derreea-giiuge .. 109 
Deuil petit . . 2ii3 
Diablotiii 
Donireicli 
Diiiii|)y Duck 
Duiiiioek 
Eloiololl 



Engoulevent 



3(i(> 
(lO 
3<lii 
21 
182 
332 
337 
36() 
35() 



— It Collier 

— acutipeniie 

— a lunettes 

— li queue fourcluie 

344 

— de lu Carol iiir 353 

— gris ;J55 

— petit taelietf 351 

— roux 302 

— varie ;jC(l 
Fauvette .. .. |o 

— a gorge brune 102 

— a (jueuc rousse 197 

— a lete noire l;j 

— babillarde 82 

— bleuatre de St. 

Doiningue 104 

— de boil . . l,s 

— d'Hyver .. 20 

— de rosea ux ;3-| 

— grise .. 45 

— lesser , . 10 

— ombrec 154 



^ 



Pagi 

Fiuivutte petite tn<'httee 40 

111 



riiyff 
roiisse 

petite 
tcK'lietec 



1S(5 
-I'j 
10 

151 



flu Cap 122 
I'J'J 
151 

f5 



— venlatre 

— ninlxet 
Ft'i<!;eiieshC'r . . 
Fdseiitiuliii .. 210 
Fict'tlula .. .. 8;j 

— iirtiiiis .. 45 

— ricir^aleiisis 127 
_ Coilioiiica 131 

— Canadensis 150, IGO 

— (.aniiabiiia 82 

— Caio'.iii. ciner. 10,185 
— . cinerea 157, 1G3 

— Domiiiiceiis.s 172,177 

— . . cinerea 1(10 

— .. fiis(a 153 
—• erytliroceplialiis 1-10 

— fusea . . 153 

— Jainaicensis major ISO 

— icterorcpliala IfiG 

— Rladagasc. minor lOS 

— Marilandica 101 

— INIartinieana 105 

— pectore fusco 31 

— Pensylvanieu 107 

— .. cinerea 173 

— . . cin. giUt. nig. 

179 

— . . naevia 154, 150 

— . . K'llt. nig. 175 

— .. icterocep. 1G5 

— sepiaria minor 83 

— septiraa Aldr. 12 
Figuier Hucutipennes 114 

— a ceinturc 157 

— - cravate noire 179 



VOLUME VIF. 

Pff 

Fii^tiier a denii<'ollier INO 

— - ';oi';^e blanclie 177 

— - gorire j a line 107 

— - ■orun oraiiL^ee ICO 

— - joMcs nolres 101 

— - pn'ui'liie ron;';e 1G5 

— - te(e ce.idree 150 

— - titc jaiiMe 100 

— - trte noire 174 

— - tt'tf roil ;e ('e Pens. 

1 (9 

— - ventre & tfite jaiinrs 

1S5! 

— - venire LTis 04 
>— - ventre jatine 93 

— an:; ailes dorcps 175 

— blf'd .. 135 

— blond (III ^'eMe:4al 94 

— brnn dii Sene;;at 94 

— .. ^jaiine 77 

— .. olive .. 190 

— cendie ;'i goi'^e 

cendrce 190 

— ''Olid. i\ gorge janne 

J 07 

— ceiid. de Canada 103 

— cend. de l.i Caroline 

1?5 

— couroiimj d'or 154 

— de Bourbon 131 

— des sapins 178 

— du Senegal 93 1 

— etranger .. 187 

— grasset .. 158 i 

— gris de fcr .. 173 i 
— • liiip|)edeCayennelS9 j 

— olive de Cayenne 19S ' 

— orangi ., 187 

— petit u Ion. (jiieiie 119 

— protonotalre 188 

— tacliete 150, 151 
■— .. dejaune 153 

m2 



Page 

Figuier tacliete du Senegal 94 

— varie deSt. Dom. 172 

— vert & janne 127 
Fior raneio , . . . (iS 
Fist do I'l-ovO'ice .. (>4 
Fitert ,. .. 03 
Fliissiiangcr .. 33 
F!n<ciir .. .. 122 
FlyeatcliP", blue .. 103 

bliie-grey little 

173 

■ gold-ciowned 154 

■ .. winged 175 

— — g'.cn bl.-iliroated 

179 
— — ., Iii'liaii 12S 

hooded 109 

— — rcd-lliroated 105 

sol't-fui'ed 123 

— y{-llow-iuniped 

150 

. . tliroated 74 

Food key .. 120 

Forestler a tete doree 231 

— - .. ecarlate 273 

— dore ii noiratre 272 

— vert a tetu rousse 

272 

Foudi-jala ,. 'J6 

Fourmilier .. .. 234 

— — tachete 232 

Fratino ., .. 247 

['"urze-cliat .. .. 51 

Gabrier . . , . 70 

Gallo de log Penascos 220 

Gaiiutta .. .. 30 

Gir-cliooudea .. 28 

Grisette . , . , 45 

Glas-vog .. .. 109 

Goatsucker, cetherial 349 

•^ American 350 

— banded 342 




' ! ' : II 



ill i 



I 









VOLUME VII. 












fayc 




/'"«<• il 




/'.-i. .- 


Goat-uckcr, Dcrbice 


359 


Goatsucker, white-necked 360 


Hirondell 


E ii cul blanc 283 


— 


Dombay 


337 


— • . . throated 


— 


- acutipenne Cay, 


— 


Drazilian 


3G3 




359 




306 


— 


bristled 


S42 


Gobe-mouche 


242 


— 


- front roux 301 


— 


Carolina 


353 


— 11 tt tebleue 119 


— 


- gorge coul. tie 


— 


Chuppa 


339 


— citrin de la Louis. 




rouille 3()| 


— 


Cold-river 


3«9 




171 


— 


anibne .. 2S7 


— 


crested 


341 


Goldfinch, Tidley . 


71 


— 


a queue pointue 


— 


European 


332 


Gold vogelein 


68 




305 


— 


Fichtel's 


345 


Gooda 


49 


— 


- ventre blanc de 


— 


fork- tailed 


344 i 


Gorge bleue . . 


29 




Cayenne 314 


— 


Geiiug 


331 


— tricolor 


209 


— 


- ventre jaunatre 


— 


Georgiaa 


357 1 


Graa^muchen 


82 




319 


— 


gold-collared 


3C4 


Grasinuche fahle 


45 


— 


- ventre rougeatre 


— 


gracile 


344 


Grignet 


104 




281 


— 


grand 


345 


Griuipart 


196 


— 


- ventre roux 319 


— 


great -headed 


364 


Grimpereau 


147 


— 


- ventre tachete 


— 


grey 


355 


— desPins . 


. 178 




315 


— . 


Guiana 


361 


— varie 


. 172 


— 


bleue de la Caroline 


— 


Horsfield's 


370 


Grisin de Cayenne 


. 177 




315 


— 


Jamaica 


346 


Gris olive 


208 


— 


brun i\ collier 289 


— i 


Javan 


336 


Grivctin 


97 


— 


.. acutipenne 


— . 


Indian . . 


340 


Guacharo, Oil of 


368 




305, 307 


— 


Lcona . . 


341 


Guira guacuberaba . 


193 


— 


.. & blanche 28!) 


»— • 


long-tailed 


335 


— (juerea 


£46, 364 


1 _ 


d'Antigue 301 


— 


. . winged 


357 


Gunpigera 


30 




de Bourbon 298 


— 


New Holland 


341 


Habit uni 


198 


— 


de Cayenne 317 


— . 


nocturnal 


332 


Haubenkonig 


68 


— 


de CheminiJe 277 


— 


Paraguan 


347 


Hausroth Schweitti . 


23 


— 


dela Baye d' Hud- 


— 


Popetue 


355 


Haus-schwalbe and. a 


rt 283 




son 316 


^ 


rufous . . 


362 


Hickmall 


248 


— 


de la Caroline 304 


— 


scissars-tailed 


348 


Hirondelle i\ capucho 


n roux 


' — 


de Marais 286 


— 


sharp-tailed 


356 




299 


— 


de rivagc 285 


— 


short-winged 




— - ceinture 


blanche 


— 


des bles 293 




349 


,357 




311 


— 


doinestique 317 


— 


Strigoid 


343 


— - croupion 


blanc 


— 


fauve . . 302 


— 


Trinidad 


365 




314 


— 


grande u ventre 


— 


Virginian 


349 


— - croupion 


gris 303 




roux 310 


— 


wedge-tailed 


368 


— - croupion 


rouge & 


1 


grise dee rochers 


— 


Whip-poor-will 


queue qu 


irrce 318 




290 






352 


— - croupion 


rouge- 


— 


hupp^e 299 


— 


white-collared 351 


atre 


318 


_ 


noire acutip. 307 



'I 

n ! 









VOLUME VII. 






/'..^-j 




/',-tc 


Hirondelle noire ii ventre 




Hirundo fulva .. 319 




cendi-e 


313 


— 


Javanica . . 300 


— 


noire u ventre 




— 


Indica . . 288 




gris 


303 


— 


Klcchi) . . 293 


— 


rouasatre 


'299 


— 


Icucoptera 314 


— 


rousse 


'IHI 


— 


major liispanica 323 


— 


rousseline 


•299 


— 


marina indigena 287 


Hiruntl 


i acuta 


307 


— 


maritima 293 


— 


agrestis 


283 


— 


Marlinicana 307 


— 


alba 


281 


— 


melanoleucos 313 


— 


Alpestris 


289 


— 


Melba . . 323 


— 


Alpina 


323 


— 


montana . . 290 


— 


anibrnsiaca 


287 


— 


nido eduli 293, 296 


— 


Americana 


282 


— 


nigra .. 310 




313 


318 


— 


nigricans subtus 


— 


Aoonalaschkensis^OO 




alba, &c. 317 


— 


Apoa vel Apus 


310 


— 


pacilica . . 308 




315 


,320 


— 


I'anayana 301 


— 


bicolor 


311 


— 


jielasgia 304 


— 


Borbonica 


299 


— 


Peruviana 312,313 


— 


cantu alauds 


311 


— 


prorsus Candida 281 


— 


Capensis 


299 


i 


purpurea 315 


_. 


Carolinensis 


304 


— 


riparia . . 285 


— 


caudacuta 


307 


1 


riparia Cochins. 293 


— 


Cauda vel sexties 




1 


. . Senegal. 287 




divisa 


304 


1 


rufa .. 319 


— 


Cayanensis 317 


,325 


— 


rufirostris 319 


— 


chalybea 


317 


— 


rupestris 290 


— 


cinerascens 


288 


— 


rustica 277, 283 


— 


cinerea 


313 


— 


Senegalensis 310 


— 


coerulea 


315 


— 


Sinensis 325 


— 


dauurica . . 


289 


; — 


nido eduli 


_ 


de la Baie d' Hudson 




293 






316 


— 


subis .. 316 


— 


domestica 


277 


— 


Tahitica 303 


— 


Doir.:p.!''«*nsi8 


311 


— 


tapera . . 313 


— 


ery*.hrocephala 


288 




torquata . . 289 


— 


esculenta 293 


,296 




^nolacea 315 


— 


fasciata 


311 


— 


viridis .. 312 


— 


Francica . . 


303 


— 


urbica , . 283 


— 


Freti Hudsonis 


316 


Honeysucker, crimson-th. 240 


— 


fuciphaga 


292 


Hoopoe 


Hen . . 220 



Hopiiri-c .. .. 249 

Huchii.i:. k .. 267 
Ibijau 345,2.^9,363 

— a (jucue en ciseaux 348 

— . . singulaire ;3'i7 

— aux ailes & queue 

blanches 36(> 

— grand . . 34."> 

— jaspe . . . . 361 

— roux . . . . 362 
Isabel le .. .. 99 
Junco minor . . 34 
Kaha Tuhitya . . 79 
Karoflikien, Karoflikini 229 
Ketik .. .. 125 
Kirchcn .Schwalbe 321 
Klosterweiizel . . 13 
Kneutje . . . . 109 
Kohlmeise . . . . 245 
Kopock-Bird . . 264 
Lanius biarmicus . . 257 

— caudatus . . 256 

— fuacus . . 237 
Lark willow . . 34 
Larri-angon .. 125 
Laufer . . . . 76 
Lawet . , . . 297 
Layong-layong . . 298 
Lingetta . . . . 83 
Locustella .. 31,32 
Lui . . . . 65 
Luseinia . , . . 4,9 

— Madagascariensis 96 

— palustris .. 16 

— uropygio luteo 275 
Magnanina Aldrovandi 20 
Mahe Swaluu . . 327 
Maizi de Miacatototl 230, 235 
Malabartje . . . . 268 
Manacus alba fronte 223 

— albocapillus 226 

— aurantiua 229 




.. ii 




:l 



'*illl 



m' \\ 











VOLUME VII. 








Pag^ 






/'«ff 


INIaniiciis iiurocnpillus 


225 


IMannl 


jn, long-tailed 


222 


— 


crislaUis griscu.' 


234 


— 


Miacatoll 


235 


— . 


nigcT 


221 


— 


military 


223 


— 


ruber 


232 


— 


New Holland 


238 


— 


rufus 


233 


— 


noir hup|)e 


221 


— 


gutture albo 


227 


— 


olive-backed 


243 


— 


ruber 


228 


— 


orange 


229 


— 


rubrocapillus 


226- 


— 


orange-bellifd 


243 


— 


superbus . . 


222 


— 


Papiinn 


242 


— 


toriiuatus 


230 


— 


PeruTian 


221 


I\l;iiiaLin 


242 


— 


I'icicitii 


233 


— 


;i front blaiic 


224 


— 


purple 


232 


— 


- gorge blanche 227 


— 


red and black 


228 


— 


- t(te blanche 


226 


— 


rock 


219 


— 


- titcd'or 


226 


— 


s)icckled 


238 


— 


- tcte noire 


225 


— 


shotted 


232 


— 


- tcte rouge 


226 


— 


stripcd-hcaded 


237 


— 


black and yellow 229 


— 


superb 


222 


— 


cappcil 


2. '4 


— 


sujjercilious 


239 


— 


crowned 


230 


— 


swallow 


241 


— 


eared 


242 


— 


varie 


224 


— 


throated 


236 


— 


vcrd hupp6 


221 


— 


blue 


182 


— 


white- eared 


22G 


— 


blue-backed 


221 


— 


. . faced 


234 


— 


Brazilian 


236 


— 


. . fronted 


223 


— . 


cajrulcan 


940 


— 


. . headed 


227 


— 


cendre de Cay. 


230 


— 


. . throated 


227 


— 


.. deGuiane230 


— 


yellow 


233 


— 


cinereous 


231 


— 


cnjwned 


231 


— 


collared 


230 


Mandalua 


346 


~ 


crested 


220 


Mangeur des Vers 


167 


— 


crimion-throat. 


240 


Manicup de Cayenne 


235 


— 


vented 


241 


Maria 


capra 


101 


— 


Desmaretian 


240 


Martin 


ii croupion blaiic 


;27 


— 


du Brezil 


224 


— 


couleur de pourpn 


;il5 


— 


Genus 


219 


— 


de la Louisiane 


3.1 


— 


goitreux . . 


825 


— 


great American 


3.6 


— 


gold-breasted 


236 


— 


greatest, or Swift 


323 


— 


. . headed 


225 


— 


Indian 


287 


— 


green-headed 


228 


— 


Martlet, or Martinet 


— 


grey 


234 






283 


— 


little 


242 


— 


purple 


316 



Martin, sand . . 284 

— winter .. 291 

Martinet ^i collier blanr 325 

— - croupion blanc 

325, 327 

— - gorge blanche 327 

— - ventre blanc 323 

— grand .. 321 

— . . !i ventie blanc 

311,323 

— .. delaChine325 

— noii'i^cblanc, iS.c.312 

— petit . . 283 

— . . noir . . 310 

— vclocilcre 328 
Mc^alurus palustris 125 
Mcisicn Mocnche .. I.i 
Mcrion 114, 117, 122,123 
Merle u calotte noire 106 
Meaangc a ceintui* blanche 

2CU 

— - croupion jaune27o 

— - U'l'gc noiio 254 

— - longuc queue 256 

— aniourcuse 265 

— ii tcte noire 25.1 

— barbue . . 258 

— bicue 247, 269 

— brun a poitr. noire 

266 

— de Languedoc 262 

— de Marais 252 

— de Pologne 261 

— du Cap.de B.Esp. 263 

— grise :'i gor. jaune 159 

— . . joues bl. 247 

— grisette . . 268 

— urosse . . 245 

— . . bleue 269 

— huppee 205,249 

— . . de la Car. 274 

— noire 267, 275 



HI 



VOLUME VII. 







Pofe 






/'«,«. 






/•".;•< 


Miacatototl 


335 


Motac 


11a Cyane 


143 


Motacillalutescenb .. 


144 


Mirro 


Mirro 


Q70 


— 


cyanea 


117 


— 


macroura . . 


111 


Monti Choon 


1)0 


— 


cyanocei)hala 


1S3 


— 


maculata . . 


64 


Morctto 


23 


— 


cyanura 


91 


— 


maculosa 


156 


iMotcic 


lia acrediila . . 


77 


— 


(liophrys 


44 


— 


Madagascaiiensis lOh 


— 


aeqtiinocilalis 


liiS 


— 


dominica . . 


166 


— 


Maderaspatanu 


lOh 


— 


(Bsliva 


ir.o 


1 


iluinctorum 


83 


— 


Magelianica 


H8 


— 


aibicapiJIa 


ViG 


1 — 


erithacus . . 


25 


— 


magna 


lOl 


— 


albicollis 


177 


1 


trythrogastra 


27 


— 


Massiliensiti 


64 


— 


aiundinacea 


u; 


— 


J'eiTiiginea 


90 


— 


maui'u 


'.<\ 


— 


asiliis 


«9 


— 


fervida 


92 


1 


melanoleuca 


lli 


— 


auricollis 


160 


— 


licediila 


83 


1 — 


minuta 


242 


— 


aurorua 


91 


— 


Fitis 


12 


! — 


mitrata 


16!) 


— 


Awatcha . . 


146 


— 


flamniea 


102 


— 


modularis . . 


'20 


— 


Bananivora 


ISl 


i — 


Havescens . . 


93 


— 


montaneihi 


'JO 


— 


bistrigata 


218 


— 


Havicollis . . 


159 




nmrina 


l!il 


— 


Blackburnioe 


in 


t 


flavifrons . . 


175 




nigriiostris 


144 


— 


Bonariensis 


180 


— 


fulicata 


111 


— 


noveboracenbis 


152 


— 


boreal ia 


143 


1 — 


fulva 


187 


— 


ochruros 2 1 


, 133 


— 


c.TruIea 


173 


1 — 


furva 


204 


— 


oenantlie 52, 51 


— 


cajiulescens 


164 


j — 


fusca 


190 


— 


olivacea 


2 US 


^- 


Caffra 


30 




fuscicoUis . . 


163 


— 


orxura 


114 


— 


Calendula 


206 




grisea 


177 


— 


Palmarum 


Ihl 


— 


calidris 


180 


— 


guianensis 


196 


— 


Patagonica 


146 


— 


campestris 


198 


— 


Guira 


193 


— 


pensilis 


194 


— 


cana 


190 


— 


gularis 


218 


— 


Pensylvanica 


165 


— 


Canadensis 1 57 


,163 


— 


Hippolais . . 


12 


— 


perspicillata 


195 


— 


capi'ata 


lool 


— 


Hispanica . . 


76 


— 


petechia 


149 


— 


Carolinensia 


200 


— 


Hottentotta 


58 


— 


Philippensis 


112 


— 


Cayana 


1S2 


— 


icterocephala 


166 


— 


phoonicurus 


21 


— 


chrysocephala 


187 


— 


incana 


186 


— 


pileata 


59 


— 


chrysoptera 


175 


— 


Ivica 


18 


— 


pinguis 


158 


— 


cincta 


157 


— 


juncorum . . 


197 


— 


Pleschanka 


72 


— 


citrina 


141 


— 


Kamtschatkenais 


145 


— 


protonotarius 


18« 


— 


coromandelica 


112 


— 


leucomela . . 


72 


— 


provincialis 


35 


— 


coronata 


154 


— 


leucorrhoa 


57 


— 


puailla 134, 


18S 


— 


corporeexfusc. 




— 


lineata 


184 


— 


regulus 


68 




vir. &c. 


89 


— 


littorea 


148 


— 


rosiica 59, 


145 


— 


corpore nigro, cauda 


— 


longicauda 


119 


— 


rubecula 


41 




rufa 


23 


— 


longipes 


142 


— 


rubeti-a 


50 


— 


cristata 


189 


— 


longirostra 47, 


149' 


— 


rubicola 


59 


— 


curruca 


82 


— 


Luscinia . . 


4 1 


— 


ruficapilla .. 


165 






ill 









VOLUMK VI r. 














/'ngr 


/ 


'„«, 






r«^r 


INIotacilla ruHcaudu , . 


197 


Muscicajia luctuosa 


83 


PurU'j atcr 


250 , 


— 


ruligaatia . . 


93 


— nialachura 


123 


— 


atricapillu»250,253 


,273 


— 


lulicaria 


34 1 


— niclanocephala 


124 


— 


atriceps 


251 


— 


Schoenobanus 


18 ' 


— nielanoleuca 


73 j 


— 


aureola 


228 


— 


seiiiitoi'ijuata 


189 j 


— prima Aldrov. 


85 [ 


— 


aureo vert ice 


154 


— 


Seni'galcnsU 


93 


— stcunda Aldr. 


8(j 


— 


aureus ali* cteruleis 


18S 


— 


Scpium 


218 1 


— sylvicola 


74 ; 


— 


barbatus 


257 


— 


sialis 


191 1 


Muscipnta iniiiinia 


40,! 


_.. 


biarraicus . : . . 


257 


— 


sibilatiix . . 


74' 


Musqtiiio Hawk 343, 


350' 


— 


bicolor 


274 


— 


sibilla 


(ilJ 1 


Nachsciiatfer 


332 


— 


liuibonicus .. 


262 


— 


spinicauda 


147 


Nacundu 


361 


— 


ca;ruleo-albu3 


261) 


— 


stapa/.ina 


55! 


Nachtigall 


5 


— 


cxruleus 247 


26y 


— 


striata 


186- 


— bastard 


10 


— 


Capensis 


2G3 


— 


strigata 


218 i 

1, 


Nachtswalbe 


332 


— 


Carolinensis cristat. 


274 


— 


suecica 


28, 


Neelkunthee 


30, 


— 


griseus 


15ii 


— 


sunainisica 


134 


Nettle Creejier 14,46 


— 


torquat. 


lO'.i 


— 


su|)erba 


^'7 


Night Hawk 


349, 


— 


caudatus 


25<; 


— 


suporciliosa 


90 

1 


Nightjar 


334 1 


^" 


ccdrus urop. flavo 


156 


— 


sutoria 


79' 


Nightingale 


5,9, 

180 


— 


Cela . . 


275 


— 


Sylvia 


47 1 


— American 


— 


cinercus 


45 


— 


thoracica . . 


103 '• 


Nun 


248] 


— 


crittatus 219 


,274 


— 


tigiina : . 


163 ' 


Occhio di Bue 


60' 


— 


cyanus 


26 S 


— 


Tiphia 


127 ' 


Oenanthe altera 


55 


— 


dorso cseruleo, &c. 


268 


— 


Tithys 


23 i 


— fuscorlutea niin. 77 


1 "" 


crythrocephalus 


225 


■ — 


Trocliilus . . 


70 


— nostra tertia 


(;o 


I 


EurojOTUs 


250 


— 


Troglodytes 


05 


— secunda 


50 


— 


Hudsonicus 


273 


— 


varia 


172 1 


Oiseau-mouche 


79 


— 


Japonicus 


251 


— 


vermivora . . 


107 


divert 


105 


— 


ignotus 


256 


— 


virons 


179 


Opior-o|)ior 


217 


— 


Indicus 26S 


,271 


— 


umbra 


154 


i Owl Churn, or F n 


334 


i " 


Knjacscik 


299 


Molteux 51, 


57,02 


— mountain 


340 


1 


Lithuanicus 


261 


— 


grand 


58 


Ox Eye 


245 




longicaudus 


256 


Mouchct 


20 


Papilion di montano 


292 


— 


lugubris 


255 


Murreanera . . 


124 


Pardalolte . . TSS? 


,210 


— 


macrocephaius 


270 


Muscicapa altera, Mas 


50 


Parozolino . . 247 


,252 


— 


major . . 


245 


— 


coerulea 


173 


— palustre . . 


252 


— 


Narboniensis . . 


262 


— 


('antafrix 


70 


Parus afer 


200 


— 


Novee Zcalandioe 


270 


— 


c coer. cin. 


fnsc. 


— Alpinus 


203 


— 


palustris 251,25 


4,261 




& var. 


107 


— Ainericanu~ 17i 


i, 185 


— 


pendulinus 261,263 


— 


fuaco & albo varia 


— .. gut.flavol59 


— 


Pipra 


22(; 






172 


— aniorosus 


205 


— 


Polonicus 


261 


— 


leucoiiiela 


73 


— arundinaceus minor 10 


— 


Uussicus 


258 



l-l 






VOLUME VII. 



Plll.'t 




Page 


/'our 


I'arus Sa:byeniid . , 260 


Pipra Miacototl 


235 


Redbreast, blue .. 19 1 


— Sibiricus .. 260 


— militaris 


223 




— Sinensis .. 271 


— minuta 


242 


1 Redpole, yellow .. 14!i 


— Stroemii ... 855 


— niEvin 


232 


Redstart .. 21,23 


— sylvaticus .. 260 


— nigricollis 


236 


— grey .. 24 


— Virginianus . . . 275 


— Papuensit 


242 


Redtail .. .. 25 


I'asser Amer. alis nigris 228 


— Parcola 


221 


— black .. 26 


— arundinaceus minor 16 


— pectoralis 


236 


Regulus . . . , 65 


— Virginianus 196, 197 


— Peruviana 


221 


— ciner. non cristat. 76 


Passera salratica . . 20 


— Picicitli 


233 


— cristatus 68, 71 


Passerinette . . 86 


— punctata 


238 


— rubineus . . 206 


Pavaneur . . . . 98 


— rubetra 


233 


Remiz . . 261 


Peche-ke-ke-shiah . . 274 


— rupicola 


219 


Rohrsanger . . . . 34 


Pcndolino, o Paronzino 256 


— serena 


223 


Rohrsperling 16, 34 


Penduline .. .. 262 


— striata 


237 


Roi .. ..207 


Pendulus . . 256, 258 


— strigilata 


236 


Roitelet . , 65, 71 


Petit Simon .. 131 


— supcrba 


222 


— de Buenos Ayres 201 


Pettichajw .. lo, 12 


— superciliosa 


239 


— de la Louisiane 202 


Pettirosso .. fl 


— torquata 


230 


— de Surinam 204 


Pfannnestiel . . 256 


Pitchou de Provence 


35 


— mesange 205 


Piioenicurus , . 25 


Pitpit a coiffe bleue 


184 


— rubis .. 206 


Phirrera .. .. 27 


— bleu de Cayenne 


182 


— triple bandeau 71 


Picicitli . . 232, 233 


— vert .. 


183 


Rondine minore 277, 283 


. Pinc-pinc .. .. 264 


Pivotte ortolane 


64 


— riparia .. 285 


Pipra albifrons . . 234 


Plattmeise 


252 


Rondone .. 321 


; — atricapilla ., 230 


Pli de I'aisle jaune , . 


210 


Rossignol . . 5 


— aureola 228, 229 


Plumet blanc 


235 


— deMuraille 21,24 


— caerulea ,. 240 


Podargus Javensis 


370 


Rothkehlchen .. 41 


— Capensis . . 243 


Podena 


17 


Rothkehlein .. 41 


? — caudata ,. 222 


Poobook 


344 


Rothschwanz . , 23 


— cinerea .. 231 


Pouillot 


76 


— garten 23 


— cristata . . 232 


Poul-souci 


71 


— walde 50 


— Desmaretii .. 240 


Prothonotaire 


188 


Rothschwanzlein . . 25 


— erythrocephala 225, 226 


Putta deuli . . 


330 


Rothschwentzel . . 25 


— grisea .. 234 


Queue en aiguille 


147 


Rouge-queue a collier 25 


— gularis ., 240 


— gazee 


121 


— .. de laGuiane 196 


— gutturalis . . 227 


— rousse 


197 


— gorge .. 41 


— haemorrhoa ., 241 


— sanguine 


196 


Roussette .. .. ig 


— leucocapiila . . 226 


Rain-bird 


353 


Rousse tete . . 105 


— leucocepliala 227 


Rauchschwalbe 


277 


Roux & blanc . . 209 


— leucocilla .. 226 

— Manacus , . 224 I 


Reattino 


65 


Rubecula Bononiensis 42 


Redbreast 

N 


41 


— Carolin. caerul. 191 




3i 

r 



Iflii 



mm 







VOLUME! VII. 












Pug* 






l>„ii,' 


1 




/»»#. 


Ilubctra Lucioncnsis 


100 


Sparrow, little brown 


198 


Swallow, Javan 


300 


— Madagascar. 


63 


— 


reed 


16 


— 


Klccho 


2»3 


— major 


50 


Spernuzzola 


245 


— 


Linclu 


292 


— Philippensis 111 


,113 


Spipoloe 


aflinis 


45 


— 


marsh 


28G 


— Senegalcnsis 


93 


j Spi|H)la 


prima Aldr. 42, 45 


— 


martin 


28.'! 


Hubicola 


60 


Spippob maggiore . . 


42 


— 


Indian 


287 


Ku|)icola 


219 


Stapazina 


55 


— 


sand 


285 


— alis cawd. nigris 


2«1 


t Steinschmatzer 52, 60 


— 


needle-tailed 


307 


Kiipicolc . , 219 


,221 


1 Stonechat 


60 


— 


New Holland 


3()H 


Kiisignuolo 


5 


Stoncsmich 


60 


— 


Otaheite 


J()3 


Ruticilla .. 21,23 


Stoparola . . . , 


47 


— 


Panayan 


3U1 


— Gibraltariensis 


84 


Strix ca 


pite Icevi, &c. 


356 


— 


Peruvian 


.112 


— tertia Aldrov. 


93 


' Swallow 


aculcated 304 


, 305 


— 


pied 


,513 


— Wegflecklin 


28 


— 


ambergris 287 


288 


— 


pintailed . . 


308 


Sailor 


187 


— 


American 


304 


— 


purple 


315 


Salanganr . . . , 


293 


— 


Aoonalaschkan 


2!>0 


— 


Quebec 


312 


Salicaria Gesneri 


34 


— 


ash-bellied 


313 


— 


red-headed 


288 


Sambcr-galeng 


293 


— 


Barn 


282 


— 


rock 


290 


Saxicola aurita 


56 


1 — 


black 


310 


— 


rufous-bellied 


319 


— fruticola 


IOC 


! — 


blue 


302 


— 


. . fronted 


301 


— oenanthe 


52 


— 


Brazilian 


313 


— 


headed 


288 


— rubicola 


60 


— 


brown-collared 


289 


— 


necked 


319 


— stapazina . . 


55 


— 


brunette 


287 


— 


. . rumped 


318 


Schaap Wagter 68, 51), G2 


1 ^__ 


Canada 


316 


— 


St. Domingo 


311 


Schillfmachen 


16 


— 


Cape 


299 


— 


Sand-Martin 


285 


Schurriah 


116 


— 


chalybeate 


3ir 


— 


Senegal 


310 


Scliwalbe 


277 


— 


chimney 277 


304 


— 


Severn 


317 


— Cliincsischefelsen2a6 1 





collared 


304 I 


— 


sharp-tailed 


307 


— thurm 


321 





common 


277 


— 


Siberian 


307 


Schwanzmeisc 


256 


— 


Coromandel 


304 


— 


supercilious 


314 


Schwarzkehlchen 


21 


— 


crag 


290 


— 


swift 


328 


Schwartzkchliger 


60 


— 


crested 


299 


— 


violet 


316 


Scriccialo 


69 


-... 


Dauurian 


289 


— 


^vhcat 


298 


Serin de Surinam 


23'2 


_._ 


dun-rumi)ed 


309 


— 


white-bellied311,317 


Sliashy-wine pashu 


318 




dusky 


287 


— 


winged 


314 


Slirike, brown 


237 


— 


edible 


293 


— 


wire-tailed 


309 


Simon petit 


131 


— 


esculent 293 


,29»; i 


Swift, 


Balassian 


329 


Soronipetta, Sororupette 


230 


— 


fulvous 302 


319 ! 

1 


— 


Chinese 


325 


Sourcil double 


44 


— 


genus 


276^ 


— 


common 


320 


Sowowpethaysish 


150 

20 II 


— 


green-blue 


317 


— 


greatest 


323 


Si)arro\v, Hedge 


— 


grey-rumped 


303 


— 


Indian 


323 


American 198 ' 


— 


. . small 


296 


— 


murine 


329 



^% 



VOLUME VII. 



Swift, 



nimbk' 

while-lmcked 
. , bellied 
collarcd 
. . lumped 
. . throated 



Pllftr 

3«9 
32'; 

395 
397 
327 



Sylvia ii-<iuinoclialis 143, 198 



sstiva 

Africana 

agilis 

albicapilla 

nlbicullis 

nnilis 

ai)uatica 

ai'undinacea 

Ai>iatica 

utrata 

atricapilla 

auricollis 

auiorea 

autumnalis 

Awatcha 

Dunanivora 

Blackburniae 

Bonariensis 

Borbonica 

borcalis 

Brazil, viridis 

cterulea 

ccerulesccns 

Caffra 

calendula 

calidris 

Canibaiensis 

campcstris 

cana . . 

Canadensis 

caprata 

Carolina 

Cai'olincnsis 

caryophyllacea 

casta . . 



150 
122 
«12 
126 
177 
136 
81 
16 
130 
26 
13 
160 
9'2 
213 
146 
181 
171 
180 
131 
143 
193 
173 
164 
30 
206 
180 
129 
198 
190 
163 
100 
202 
151 
127 
1S8 







Pagt 






/'i<f» 


Sylvia 


caslanea 


213 


Sylvia fulva 


187 


— 


Cayana 


182 


— 


furva 


204 


— 


Cayancns. csrulea 


182 


; — 


fusca 


190 


— 


ccrtliiula 


31 


— 


fuscata 


94 


— 


Cctti . . 


19 


1 ~~ 


fuscicollis 


163 


— 


chrysocephala 


187 


1 __^ 


galactotes 


87 


— 


chiyaoptera 


175 


j 


Gibralttficnsis 


24 


— 


cincta 


167 




grisea 


177 


— 


cinerea 


45 


•— 


griseicoUis 


212 


— 


Cingalcnsis 


128 


— 


Guiancnsis 


196 


— 


cisticola 


88 


— 


Guira 


193 


— 


citrina 


141 


— 


gula grisea .. 


25 


— 


citiinella 


150 


— 


gula plumbea 


20 


— 


conspicillata 


110 


— 


gularis 


194 


— 


Coi'oniandclica 


112 


— 


Guzurata 


129 


— 


coi'onata 154 


,156 


— 


Hippolais 


12 


— 


corporegriseo, &c. 


24 


•— 


hirundinacea 


241 


— 


ciistata 


189 


— 


hortensis 


10 


— 


cucullata 


171 


— 


Hottentotta . . 


5ft 


— 


curruca 


82 


— 


Javanica 


217 


— 


Cyane 


143 


— 


icteroccph Ja 


166 


— 


cyanea 


117 


— 


ignicap'iia 


Tl 


— 


cyanocephala 


183 


— 


incana 


186 


-^ 


cyanura 


91 


— 


inornata 


137 


— 


Danfordiensb 


35 


— 


juncorum 


197 


— 


Dominica 


166 


— 


Kamtschatkensis 


146 


— 


Dumetorum . . 


83 


— 


lateralis 


140 


— 


elata . . 


205 


— 


leucophoea . . 


139 


— 


eiithacus 


25 


•— 


leuccrhoa 


57 


— 


erythrogastra 


27 


— 


lineata 


184 


— 


ferixiginea 


90 


-■ 


littorea 


148 


— 


fervida 


92 


— 


livida 


132 


— 


Ficcdula 


83 j 


--. 


Locustella 


31 





flammea 


103 


— 


longicauda 


119 


— 


flavescens 


93 


— 


longipes 


142 


— 


flavicoUis 


159 


— 


longirostris . . 


149 




flavifrons 


175 


-- 


ludoviciana . . 


200 


_ 


flavigastra 


137: 


— 


luscinia 


4 


— 


flavopygia 


275' 


— 


lutea capite nigro 


60 


— 


fluviatilis 


33 


— 


lutescens 


144 


— 


formosa 


211 


— 


macroura 


114 


— 


fulicata 


111 


— 


maculata 


64 



nr, 'u 



1 bl 




N 2 



illllh* 










VOLUME VI r. 














Page 






r-asf 


. ..a 


1 


>n^i 


Sylvia 


maculosa 


156 


Sylvia 


Philadelphica 


t69 


Sylvia 


strLita^; " .,, 


186 


— 


Madadagasc. 


9<>, 108 


— 


Philippensia 


+12 


— 


^ubalpina 


87 


— 


Magellanica 


148 


— 


Philomela 


- 9 


— 


subflava 


94 


— 


magna 


101 


— 


Phoenicunis 


21 


— 


suecica 


28 


— 


magnolia 


214 


— 


])hi-agmitis 


34 

1 


— 


Sunamisica . . 


134 


— 


malachura 


123 


— 


pileata 


59 


— ■ 


superciliosa . . 


90 


— 


Marilandica 


Kil 


— 


pinguis 


158 


— 


sutoria 


79 


— 


maritima 


160 


— 


Pinus 


1-8 


— 


sylvicola 


74 


— 


Massilienais 


64 


— 


Piateiisis 


201 


— 


sylviella ' , , . 


47 


— 


Maura 


91 


— 


))lumbea 


130 


— 


tiiorace argenteo 


23 


— 


Mamitiana 


1S2 


— 


Protonotarius 


188 


— 


tigrina 


153 


— 


Medilerranea 


89 


— 


proTincialis 


35 


— 


'I'ilhys 


23 


— 


minima 


142 


— 


Pumilio 


77 


— 


tonjuata 


1S5 


— 


minuta 


72, 151 


— 


pusilla 134, 


185,215 


— 


Trichas 


lOM 


— 


mitrata 


169 


— 


rara 


214 


— 


Trochilus 


"6 


— 


raodularis 


20 


— 


Regulus 


68 


— 


Troglodytes 


(;5 


— 


montana 


215,217 


— 


Rubecula 


41 


— 


Tschecantschia 


145 


— 


montanelia 


90 


— 


Rubetra 


50 


— 


varia 


172 


— 


nioschita 


38 


— 


Rubicola 


59, 138 


— 


vermivora 


167 


— 


murina 


191 


— 


rubricata 


138 


— 


viiens 


179 


— 


muscipeta 


59 


— 


lubricollis 


139 


— 


\ irescens 


199 


— 


naevia 


85 


— 


I'ufa 


40 


— 


viridis 


183 


— 


Nattereri 


40 


— 


ruficapilla 


165, 211 


— 


umbria 


154 


— 


nigricollis 


129 


— 


ruficauda 


197 


— 


uadata 


94 


— 


nigrirostris 


144 


— 


rutigastra 


93 


— 


Zeylonica 


127 


— 


nisoria 


12 


— 


rutiventr'j 


141 


Taalchuchah, Taulchujhaii 


-- 


Voveboracensis 152 


— 


lusseicauda 


197 




287 


r 289 


— 


ubscura 


133 


— 


sagittata 


136 


Tach 


iris 


184 


— 


Oenanthe 


52 


— 


salicaria 


34 


Tanager, black-throated 


193 


— 


olivacea 


. . 127 


— 


S-'.rdrx 


3" 


— 


■ grey 


208 


— 


Palmarum 


181 


— 


Schofcnobanus 


18 


Tanagra nigricollis 


193 


— 


palustris 


19 


— 


tcuiitorqaata 


189 


Tangara a gorge noire 


193 


— 


pammelaina 


95 


— 


Senegalensis 


93 


— 


altera species 


226 


— 


Parus 


216 


— 


: ii icea 


!• 


Tann 


en holtz 


252 


— 


passerina 


86 


— 


sialis 


191 


— 


roeise 


220 


— 


I'atagonica 


146 


— 


Sibilatrix 


7^ 


Tapcra 


3ia 


— 


Pensylvanica 


165 


— 


sibilla 


63 


Taric 


I' 


50 


— 


pensilis 


.. 194 


— 


Sinensis 


131 


Tali 


> ■ 


79 


— 


peregrina 


168 


— 


solitaria 


178 


Tche 


•ic . . 10« 


, 109 


— 


perspicillata 


195 


— 


;,)eiata 


106 


Teett 


: |)oinam 


142 


— 


petechia 


149 


— 


spinicauda 


147 


Tertacampo 


26 


— 


Petrarum 


50 


— 


stapazina 


55, 56 


1 Tette-chevre de Cayenne 


362 



1 

T 
T 

r 

T 
T 
T 
T 
T 



-3 











VOLUME VII. 












Pagf 






l'„y:t 




P"H< 


Tette-chevre roux 


361 


Titmouse marsh 


261 


Troglodyte 


65 


Thadagi 


jaii 


138 


— 


mountain 261 


, 266 


At don 


204 


Thrush, 


little brown 


163 


— 


New Zealand 


270 




. 203 


Tictickee, Tikkia 


17 


— 


Norway . . 


255 


Tschecantschiki 


60 


Tije gimeu 


231 


— 


penduline 


261 


Turdus arundinacc_s niin. 16 


Tinta ncgra 


15 


— 


Pine Pine 


264 


— Calamoxenus 


45 


Titlark, 


sings like a Grassh. 33 


— 


rufous-headed 


372 


" Trichas 


161 


Titlirii,' 


. . 


31 


— 


scarlet-headed 


273 


Vencejos 


299 


Titmouse, Alpine 


364 


— 


Siberian 


260 


Uferschwalbe 


285 


— 


amorous . . 


265 


— 


Strornian 


255 


Vireo Havifrons 


20H 


— 


azure 


268 


— 


TouiKJt . . 


374 


1 Vitiflora 


.•,2 


— 


bearded . . 


357 


— 


Virginian 


375 


— cinerea 


55 


— 


black 


367 


— 


Wood 


71 


— griseit 


54 


_- 


breasted 


366 


— 


yellow 


77 


— Jiifa 


5S 


— 


cajiped 


273 


ToeT. 


e 


270 


— ruffscens 


56 


— 


blue 


247 


To jntoonee 


120 


Vitrec 


52 


— 


Canada 


353 


Toupel 


ordinaire 


305 


— ii menton blanc 


45 


— 


Cape 


263 


Tout-voix 


30() 


Upupa Americana lutea 219 


— 


Chinese 


371 


Toota foorka 


132 


— crocea 


219 


— 


Cole 


260 


Tractrac 


108 


Urutau 


347 


— 


Creeper . . 


285 


Traine 


-buisson 


20 


Usignuolo di Fiunie 


18 


— 


crested 349 


,374 


I'raquet 


60 


Sardegna 


I 19 


— 


cross-billed 


346 


I 


a cul roux 


113 


VVald Sanger 


45 


— 


eastern 


360 


1 

1 ^— 


- lunettes 


195 


Warbler, African 


123 


— 


Genus 


294 


— 


- queue stride 


113 


— all black . 


95 


— 


gilded 


372 


— 


commandeur 


96 


— aquatic 


SI 


— 


gold-headed 


226 





de Lu(,on 


100 


— ash-crowned 


65 


— 


great 


245 


— 


de Madagascar 


63 


— Asiatic 


130 


.._ 


.. headed 370,371 


— 


d^ Manille 


ll2i 


— autumnal 


21,i 


— 


grey 


268 


— 


duCap.deB. Esi>. 


106 


— Awatcha 


146 


— 


Guiana 


275 


— 


du Senegal . . 


92 


— azure 


116 


— 


hooded 


169 


— 


familier 


ItX) 


— babbling . . 


82 


— 


Hudsonian 


273 


— 


Fourmilier . . 


100 


— Banana 


181 


— 


Japan 


251 


■— 


grand 60, 101; 


113 


— barred |. . 


12 


— 


Javan 


251 


— 


Imitateur . . 


5t^ 


— Ratavian 


125 


— 


Indian 


271 


— 


Montagnard 


U)2 


— bay- breasted 


213 


— 


Knjaescik 


369 


— 


noir des Philippines 


— bearded 


3i6 


— 


Languedoc 


262 




111, 


112 


— belted 


157 


— 


Lathamian 


260 


— 


oreillard 


56 


— black and wh 


ite 73 


— 


long-tailed 


256 


— 


jiatre 


61 


— .. yellow 214 


— 


L.ouisiane 


254 


— 


petit des Indes 


112 


— black-backed 


133 


— 


lugubrous 


255 


Trochd 


us cristatus , . 


68 


— Dlackburnian 


171 



! i 





f 

i 




If. 







|M| 














VOLUME VII. 














Pane 






Page 






Page 


Warbler, black-cap 


13 


Warbler, chestnut-bellied 


27 


Warbler, gold-bellied 


13/ 


— 


collared 


145 


« 


China 


131 


— 


., crowned 


154 


— 




crowned 


106 


— 


Choirister . . 


97 


— 


. . wirged 


175 


— 




. headed 


135 


— 


Chret 


217 


— 


Gooda 


49 


— 




. . hootled 


lOG 


— 


ciliary 


111 


— 


grasset 


158 


— 




. . jawed 


144 


— 


Cingalese . . 


128 


— 


grasshopper 


31 


— 




. necked 


129 


— 


citrine 


141 


— 


great- tailed 


114 


— 




pole 


186 


— 


citron 


115 


— 


green 


179 


— 




. red -tailed 


26 


— 


. . bellied 


93 


— 


backed 


50 


— 




. red-throat 


. 163 


— 


Commander 


96 


— 


Indian 


127 


— 


bloody-side 


165 


— 


Connecticut 


21:^ 


— 


greenish . . 


199 


■^ 


blue 


191 


— 


Coromandel 


112 


— 


grey 


208 


— 




. eyed yellow 


150 


— 


Cowed 


170 


— 


.. headed 


218 


— 




. green 


211 


— 


cream-coloured 


59 


— 


.. poll .. 


186 


— 




• grey 


164 


1 ^— 


crested 


189 


— 


. . throated 


190 


— 




. headed 


183 


— 


crinijon-breasted 139 


— 


grisly 


177 


— 




. Indian 


192 


— 


Dalmatian 


15 


— 


Gu!an.\. < 1' 


no 


— 




. necked 


30 


— 


Danubian 


33 


— 


Guirp. 


193 


— 




. tailed 


91 


— 


dark 


101 


— 


gular 


218 


— 




. throatod 


28 


— 


Dart Ford . . 


35 


— 


Giiznrat 


•.-29 


— 




. striped 


184 


! — 


Dauurian . . 


92 


— ■ 


half-collared 


189 


— 




. vellow-back 


.185 


— 


double-streaked 


44 


— 


hang-nest 


180 


— 


Bogiush 


18 


— 


dusky 94, 


154 


— 


Harrison's 


119 


— 


bonnet 


145 


— 


d«arf 


134 


— 


. icdge 


20 


— 


Botany-Bay 


Ml 


— 


Epicurean 


83 


— 


hemlock 


216 


— 


Bourbon 


13 ^ 


— 


equatorial .. 


198 


— 


hooded 


169 


— 


buff-faced 


144 


— 


equinoctial 


143 


-— 


Jamaica 


166 


— 


. . headed 


135 


— 


etherial 


130 


— 


Javan 


217 


— 


. . rumpe.l 


107 





exile . . 


136 


— 


Indigo 


143 


— 


Bush 


218 


— 


familiar 


100 




Isabella 


99 


— 


caerulean 


173 


— 


fantail 


88 


— 


Kentucky 


211 


— 


Caffi'arian 


30 


— 


fenny 


125 


— 


leucomele 


72 


— 


Cambaian 


129 


— 


ferruginous 


194 


— 


livid 


132 


— 


Cape 


106 


— 


fig-eater 


85 


— 


long- billed 


145 


— 


.. May 


160 


— 


flanie-coloureil 


102 


— 


. • legged 


142 


— 


Carolina 


151 


— 


flaxen 


94 


— 


. , shanked 


142 


— 


Carteian 


38 


— 


flowery 


72 


— 


'ailed 


126 


— 


Caspian 


149 


— 


Foodkey 


125 


— 


Ltizonian 


100 


— 


Cayenne 


182 


— 


gauze-tailed 


121 


— 


Madagascar 


96 


— 


Cetti's 


19 


— 


Genii'? 


1 


— 


Magellanic 


148 





Ceylon 


12S 


— 


Gibraltar . . 


87 


— 


Marmora 


39 


— 


ch 


aste 


138 


— 


gilt-throat 


90 


— 


marsh 


19 



Sll ft ,;): 



^? 











VOLUME VII. 










Warblet 


, Maurice 


132 


Warbler, red -headed 


I4e 


Warbler 


, streaked-crown. 


Page 

176 


i— 


Mediterranean 


89 


— 


. . rumped 


116 


— 


strutting . . 


98 


. — 


melodious 


'05 


— 


.. start 21,23 


— 


Eubalpine 


87 


— 


Moor 


91 


— 


. . tail 25, 62 


— 


sultry 


92 


— 


mountain 124 


215 


— 


. . throated 


165 


— 


superb 


117 


— . 


mourning 


169 


— 


. . vented 


126 


— 


Susan 


133 


— 


murine 


191 


— 


Reed 16, 18 


— 


Swallow 240, 


241 


— 


Namaqua . . 
Nashville 


102 
211 


— " 


ruddy 
. . tail 


138 
197 


— 


Sibyl 
Tailor 


63 


- 


Natterer's 


40 


— 


rufous 40, 57 


— 


tawny-bcUied 


217 





New Holland 


138 


— 


. . and white 209 


— 


rumped 


81 


— 


New York 


152 


— 


.. bellied 


104 ' 


— 


Tennesee , . 


168 





Ni.'jhtingale 


4,9 


— 


crown. 38 


,105 


— 


terrene 


137 





olivaceous 


218 


— 


necked 


20t> 


— 


Ihui-acic 


103 





olive 


127 


— 


sided 


93 


— 


thorn-tail . . 


127 


— 


. . backed 


81 


— 


.. tailed 113 


197 ' 


~~ 


Tithys 


23 


— 


. . brown 


190 


— 


. . throated 


43 


— 


Tract rac 


108 





orange-bellied 


187 


— 


vented 


141 


— 


virescent 


49 


„_ 


headed 


187 


— 


Rush 


197 1 


— 


umbrose 


154 


. — 


rumped 


124 


— 


Russian 


31 : 




undated 


94 


— 


Ihighed 


1G2 


— 


rusty-headed 


143 


— 


wave-tailed 


113 


.^_ 


thioated 


160 


— 


.. shouldered 121 


.— 


wheat-uar 


52 


._ 


Palm 


181 


— 


. . side 


140 1 


— 


Russet 


55 


\ 


Paraguan 
passerine . . 
Patagonian 


184 

8G 

146 


— 


St. Domingo 

Sardinian 

sedge 


177 
38 
34 


~ 


Whin-chat 

whiskered 

white-breasted 


50 
13 


-... 


pensile 


194 


— 


Senegal 


93 




chinned 


1!30 





Persian 


134 


— 


sharp- tailed 


114 


— 


crowned 


i2t> 


— 


Petlichaps 10, 12 
Philipi)ine W^- 
pileated . . ■^^i 


— 


shore 
shrubby 
Sibei ian 


148 

107 

90 


( 


eyed 
.. poll 
. . tailed 


lUS 
172 

:j9 


.^ 


Pine 


178 


— 


silky 


9 


i — 


. . throat 4" 


, 17 





. . swamp 


215 


— 


simple 


198 


— 


worm-eater 


l'>7 


1 


pink 


127 


— 


slonder-tail 


113 


! 


wreathed 


140 


— 


piping 


97 


— 


soft-tail 


1-23 


— 


yellow-backed 


185 


— 


plumbeous 
Prairie 


130 
151 


— 


sooty 

spectacle 1 10, 


111 

195 


"" 


. . bellied 

breasted 


163 


""^' 


prattling . . 
Prothonotary 
Provence . . 


99 
18S 


— 


spotted-tail 

yellow 
stone chat 


174 

153 

59 


j 
i 


browed 
fronted 
175 


JO 
20.S 





Quebec 


166 


— 


stoparola . . 


47 




. . poll 


150 


_-. 


Redbreast 41 


, 44 


— 


streaked 


136 


-~ 


rumped 


i56 





fii 



\»'i 







VOLUME VII. 










Page 




Page 






Pane 


Warbler, yellow-shouldered 


VVheatear, spotted 


64 


Wren Plata . . 


201 




210 


Wheel-Bird 


334 


— 


Reed .. 


16 


— . . throated 


159 


Whinchat 


50 


— 


Regal .. 


207 


— • . . vented 




Whipperiwhip 


,. 355 


— 


ruby-crowned .. 


206 


136, 


176 


Whip-poor-Will 


349, 353 


— 


Savannah 


205 


— . . wren 


76 


Wilde Swaluu 


327 


— 


Scotch 


77 


NVeiden-Sanger 


46 


Wren 


65, 66 


— 


Swamp 


76 


— Zeisig 


76 


— barred-tail 


202 


— 


willow 


77 


VVeiss-schwanz 


52 


— brown 


.. 204 


— 


winter 


65 


VVheatear 


52 


— fire-crested 


71 


— 


wood . . 


74 


— black-eared 


56 


— gold-cre»ted 


68 


— 


yellow 74, 


76. 77 


— Cape 


58 


— gold-naped 


205 


Wustling 


84 


— grey 


54 


— great 


203 


Yellow-poll . . 


151 


— oraBfvi •T'- •'X'ti'd 


62 


— green . . 


74,76 


— 


rump 


275 


— Proveir 


64 


— House . . 


., 204 


Zaun 


Koenig 


65 


— rufous 


57 


•— Louisiana 


200 


— 


schlupper 


65 


— Russet 55j 


56 


— Marsh . . 


200 









VOLUxME VIII. 



Ablnk-Cheriii 
Abutardii 
Acalio 
Adcri 
Agumi 
A lector 
Argus geant 
— Lueii 
Attiigiis 
Attn;:t'n 



am 

3ft I 
2-32 

m 

' 347 
lf)8 
200 
205 
247 
242,247,271 



— Americanus 237,320 

— Peiisylvaniae 234 
Avcrliulm 
Avestniz Africuno 
Avis Rlotmot, &c. 
Aukuskow 
Autruche 
Ayani-Ayam-lmn 
Bagadiiis 
BaitToetur 
Balam .. 
Bartavclle 
Benial 
Bird, iincoin, from Malacca 

331 
Birkliuhn 
Bis-ergot 
Biset 

Bol)-wliite 
Bonaeiu Canadensis 

— frcti Hudsonis 

— major Canadensis 235 

— Pyremacu 250 

— Scotica . . 247 
Bonosa .. .. 242 
Bosch-duif, Wilde duyf 22 



224 

3S7 

140 

. 228 

377, 387 

. 309 

11 

281 

105 

289 

333 



228 
208 
7 
325 
232 
232 



Breit-scliwanz 
Burong Jouane 



" " Paffe 

10 

80 

334, 335 



Bustard, Abyssinian 

— African 
''^- Arabian 

— l)lack-lieaded 
-— blue-necked 

— Chili 

— great 
■— .. billed 

— Indian 

— lesser ,. 

— little 

— marbled 

— New Holland 

— Passarage 

— Rliaad 

— ru ffed 

— thick-kneed 

— white-chinned 
•— . . eared 

Burra Butfair 



Caille 



361 
361 
354 
359 
360 
350 
351 
302 
350 
3()3 
303 
3(i2 
354 
305 
308 
307 
309 
308 
350 
303 
312,310 



— i ventre perle 310 

— australe .. 300 

— blandie .. 307 

— brune de Madag. 300 

— de Cayenne 328 

— delaCliine 318 

— .. Cote deCoronian- 

del 311 

— .. nouv. Guinee 311 

— del'Isle de Lu9on 321 

338 

— de Madagascar 339 

O 



Pagt 

Caille des Malouines 327 

— dea Philippines 318 

— fraise .. ,. 318 

— grandede la Chine 307 

— .. .. Madag. 310 

— liuppee du Mexique 

329 



— nattee 

— verte 
Callera lava 
Canapetiere 
Capricalca 
Capueiras 
Caracara 
Casoar 



3iO 
307, 321 
.. 301 

3G3 

.. 224 

.. 323 

. 347 

.. 381 



— de la nouv. lloll. 384 
Cassowary, galeated 381 

New Holland 383 

' Southern 383 

— — Van Diemen's 384 

Casuarius Emeu .. 381 
■■ nov. Hollandiffi 383 



CelioilotI 

Chacamel , . . . 

Cliachalacametl 

Charadrius Illyricus 
— — ^ oedicnemus 
— — — scolopax 



Cheuque 
Chinquis , 
Cliororao . 
Chrokiel 
Chulla Churj 
Charge 
Chiiri 
C hurra 



38 

137 

137 

3C9 

309 

369 

377 

120 

219 

316 

300 

. 358 

377. 380 

,. 257 



ilii 



r I 



li!|i|i 



H: 1 




»»^ 



Page 

Cirris .. .. 359 

Cock, Bantam .. Itrj 

— crested . . 172 

— ciispi'tl .. 1"^ 

— Dorking . . 17'2 
»— domestic .. 1G8 

— dwarf .. 174 

— Frieslaiid .. 173 

— Jago . , 1G4 

— Javan . , lOG 

— Indian 151, 154 

— Jungle .. 1S2 

— Malabar .. 103 

— negro . . 170 

— Paduaii .. 170 

— Persian . . 173 

— rougli-footed 175 

— rurapless . . 173 

— silk .. 178 

— Turkish .. 175 

— wild, Sonnerut's 181 
Cocolin .. .. 3'27 
Cocotzin .. .. 93 
Cokuicuiltic, Colenicui 320 
Cell soiialis . . . . 327 
Colin grand . . 142 
Colombo brame ,, 40 

■ i calotte blanche 49 

— — - ceinturon noir 34 

— - collier pourprc 09 
. - double collier 18 
— — - gorge pourpreu 41 
— — - large queue 104 

- ^Li--((ne blanc 28 

-Moustaches blanch. 

37 

— — - Mo\ist, noires 49 

I - nu(|ue ecaillee 27 

— — - im(|ue perire 57 

— — — - niique violette 34 

— — - oreillon bleu Ot) 

-^— - (jucue annuK'f 43 | 



VOLUME VIII. 

Coionibe il ventre rouge 

— — yRgyptienne 

— — azureo 

■ biset sauvage 
— — l)laiR'liL' 

— — Braiiii' 

— — bruvtrt .. 

^— Colombin 

— — dnnii'sticjue 

— — 'caillee 

■ ■ emcraudine 

— — erythroptere 

— — Ferniin 

— — gennt 

■ Gt'offroy 
— — Goadgang 
— — grivelcc 

' Ilaggarero 

— — lieris>e 

- Jamboo 
— — Jounud 

i r Kurukura 

— — Labrador 

— — largup 

— — hinuK'helle 

— — niailiec 

— — Masque blanc 

Mauge 

■ ineliuioptere 
— — muscadivore 
— — ^ Orieou 

— — pcintf 

— — Pouk'.obou 

Raniier 

— — Rami ret 

— • Rainiron 

— ^ rouge cap . . 

— — rouhsaid 

—— rousbette . . 

— — Souris .. 

— — taiubourttte 

— — tiarce 



Page 
48 
40 
43 
7 
57 
40 
24 
3 
4 
27 
30 
71 
38 
31 
35 
40 
47 
24 
24 
02 
05 
(•).•] 
33 
44 
31 
58 
28 
J 00 
101 
19 
21 
59 
70 
15 
20 
17 
()4 
22 
35 
37 
30 
07 



Colombe turgris 
— — viucuse 
— — vlouvliiu 
■ vovageiise 



Pago 
41 

50 
34 
9(1 



Colombi-galline a barbiilonS(i 
• a camail 84 

^— - crav. noire S7 

- (ace bianelie95 

— ^ - (Voiit gris 95 

giuira S3 

Hottentot 87 

— — monta^uai'd SS 
— — pigmi; 93 

I'oignard^ 90,91 

■ roux violet 89 

" Talpacoti 9;> 

Colombi rjocco .. 8.j 

Colonilii-perilrix a cravattc 

iioiic 87 

roux viol. 88 

Colombo doniestico 4 

Colnniba, Al)yssinica 77 

— iKgyptiaca 40 

— iEiiea .. 1!» 

— Afra .. 3(i 

— alba 20, 57 

— albi'apilla 77 

— AMboinensis 102 

— Antarctica 45 

— armi Maris 47 

— ai((mutica T9 

— arquatrix 17 

— Abiatica 08 

— atricapilla 77 

— aurieularis 21 

— auiita (ij, (i(i 

— au>tralis 7'J 

— badia . . 20 

— liantamensis 104 
•~ liarharica 9 

— biloKiuiita 18 

— bruimea .. 24 



M ] 



VOLUME VIII. 





Pdfi' 






Page 






Page 


ja csTruU'ii 4 


2, 4.J 


Coluiii 


ba Iiispida 


10 


Col urn 


ba mystacca . . 


37 


cu'riileocepluilii 


GO 


— 


Iloilotl 


39 


— 


mevia 


3f> 


ciilva 


82 


— 


Iiolosericea 


34 


— 


Nieobarica 


84 


Cmnbaieiibis 


58 


— 


llottuutotta 


87 


___ 


Norfolcieiisis 


30 


Caimdensis 


08 


— 


jainbos 


62 


— 


Norwegica 


8 


Ciipensis .. 


102 


— 


Janiaicensia 


94 


..^ 


Oeiias 


3 


Carilni'a 


43 


— 


Javaiiica 


60 




oiientalis . . 


54 


Carol'meiisis 


'M 


— 


Iiuiica 


01, 05 


— 


pacilica 


44 


cai'uiK'ulata 


80 


— 


Jiibata 


14 


— 


pallida 


30 


Cauda aiuiulata 


4;j 


— 


larvata 


28 


— 


Palunibus 


14 


i'abcTata 


43 


— 


laticaiidu .. 


10 


— 


passerina . . 


91 


clKilco|itei'a 


31 


— 


k'lR'ocepliala 


49 


— 


pedibus pennatig 8 


cinclniiata, ^c. 


10 


— 


Ifucoptera 


05 


— 


Pcrcussor 


13 


einc'ta 


34 


— 


Ligiiorum piopiie 3 


— 


phasianella 


107 


cinorca 


37 


— 


littoralis 


20 


— 


plirrnicoptera 


74 


coii'iisis 


27 


— 


Li-.ia 


7 


— 


picata 


47 


coroiiata 


83 


— 


111 aero lira .. 


108 


— 


picazuro 


G6 


cristata 8, 44, 


331 


— 


inaeiilata 


14, 23 


— 


picturata . . 


59 


crutiita 


90 


— 


maculosa 


67! 


— 


Pompadora 


73 


cncullata .. 


9 


— 


Mada^ascariensis 72 


•>■ 


Pi)rtoricensi9 


22 


cnrvirostra 


81 


— 


Maderaspiitaiia 75 


— 


puittacea . . 


78 


cyaiiocephala 


87 


— 


Malabarica 


40 


— 


purpurata 


63 


dasypus 


8 


— 


Rliilaccensis 


104 


— 


purpurea 


70 


d oiliest ica 


4 


— 


iiiar^iiiata 


100 


— 


risoria 


55 


doiiie-stica rostro 




— . 


niartiuica 


89 


— 


Romana 


7 


recurvo 


12 


— 


Rlartinicana 


06 


— 


rubricapilla 


64 


Doaiiiiiceiisis 


49 


— 


Maugei 


100 


— > 


rufa 


80 


Eiiiiensis .. 


09 


— 


imlaiioceplmla 41 


— 


ruffina 


35 


eh'gaiis 


33 


— 


inelaiiok'uca 


40 


^ 


rupicola 


7 


Ecpies 


12 


— 


nielanoptera 


101 


>- 


san guinea 


91 


erytliroptera 71 


.72 


— 


niercurialis 


8 


— 


St. Tliomte 


81 


erythrotliorax 


95 


— 


meridioimlia 


28 


— 


Sassciulo .. 


15 


FraiiciiL' 


24 


— 


IMi'xicana 


38 


— 


saxatilis Jamaic 


49 


frontalis 


9a 


— 


niii^'iatoria 


90 


— 


Senegalensis 


58 


fiilicaiia 


14 


— 


militaris 


81 


_ 


Sinica 


48 


galcata 


11 


— 


minima 


91 


— 


spadicea 


31 


GeotlVoyi ,. 


35 


— 


minor ventre candido 


— 


speciosa 


26 


Guinea 


22 






94 


— 


squammosa 


27 


guttiirosa 


13 


— 


minuta 


93 


— 


striata 104, 1U5 


gyratrix 


11 


— 


moutana 


39,88 


— 


superba 


70 


wyniiioptlialmos 


05 


-- 


mugiens .. 


83 


— 


Suratensis 


57 


Hispanicu , . 


7 


— 


mntiiiensis minor 8 ' 


— 


Surinamensis 


38 








2 












'-iii 




VOLUMK Mil. 







Piifre 1 




f '<'■■; <■ 




/'</,!. r 


Columba 


sylvestri3 . . 


3 i 


Coq sans croupion 


173 


Curassow, crying 


. 137 


— 


tabellaria 


12 


— Sauvage 


181 


— Cumana . 


133 


— 


Tannensis 


82 


— Sonnerat 


181 


— Cushew 


. 157 


— 


tetraoidcs 


90 


Coquar 


192 j 


— galeated . 


158 


— 


tigrina 


57 


Coturnicia simulacrum 


326 


— globose 


154 


— 


tremula 


10 


Coturnix Americ. varieg. 


328 


— piping 


13;j 


— 


turbita 


10 


— dactylisonans 


312; 


— iazor-billc( 


156 


— 


turcica 


11 


— excalfatoi'ia 


318J 


— red 


152 


— 


Turtur 


50 


— Javcnsis 


30!) 


— wattled 


155 


— 


tympanigtria 


36 


— Indica 30!) 


32!) 


Curwaruk 


. 371 


— 


vernans 


75 


— Ludoviciana 


328 


Curria teetur 


270 


— 


vinacea 


56 


— Madascariensis 


339 


Curlew stone 


369 


— 


violacea 


34 


— major 


316 


Cycnus cudullatus 


. 372 


— 


. . mutica 89 


— ISIexicana . . 


327 


Dagu 


30!) 


— 


viridis 


41, 79 


— .. cristata329 


Delima 


60 


•— 


. . Amboin. 79 


— . . major 


142 


Deo-kukura . . 


120 


— 


. . Philipp 


. 75 


— Philippensis 


318 


Diilus ineptus 


372 


— 


Zealandica 


24 


— textilis 


310 


— Nazarenus 


375 


Columbaccio 


15 


Coucla 


74 


— soliiarius 


. 374 


Columbus minimus 


91 


Coxolitli 


152 


Diudon 


125 


Colombar a front nud 


82 


C.yolcozque 


327 


Dodar 


372 


— 


aromatique 


79, 80 


Crax Alector 151 


, 152 


Dod-eersen 


. 372 


— 


commandeui 


81 


— Brav.iliensis 


156 


Dodo, hooded 


372 


— 


Joojoo 


75 


■^ carunculala 


155 


— nazuiene 


375 


— 


Maitsou . . 


79 


— Cunianensia 


133 


— solitary 


374 


— 


unicolor . . 


78 


— Curassoua 


154 


Doom durauz 


196 


— 


waalia 


77 


— galeata . . 


158 


Dove, brown Indian 


65 


Coo-ow 


. • 


207 


— globicera 


154 


1 — from China 


48 


Coq a cinq Doigts 


172 


— Guianensis 


151 


— stabbed 


90 


— commun 


168 


— Mexicana 157 


,212 


— stock . . 


3 


— de Bantam 


175 


— Mitu 


136 


Drigul 


338 


— de Biuyere 


224 


— Pauxi 


157 


Dronte 


. 372 


•— 


i'l long. 


queue 


— Peruviana 


152 


Duck-field . . 


363 






226 


— Pii>ile 


133 


' Dubkee 


240 


— 


a queue 


fourch. 


— rubra 


152 


Eddinenio 


369 






228 


. — ve-'icecornco .. 


158 


Emeu, American 


377, 380 


— de Caux 


176 


Cryptonyx coronatus 


331 


; — Now South Wales 383 


— de Padoue 


176 


— rufus 


334 


Eperronier 


120 


— fiist 


• ■ ■ * 


1-3 


Curassavia 


154 


Eyes large 


358 


— huppe 


172 1 


Curassow, blue 


156 


Fagiano 


187 


— nain 


174 


— Cock and Hen 


154 


^ Faisan 


187 


— negre 


176 


— crested 151 


, 156 


j — cornu 


208 



F 
G 
G 



G 
G 










VOLUMI-: VIM. 












P,,-,- 1 




r,<g. 






t'lit r 


Faisan couronne des Indes 83 


Gallus epidennide nigric. 


176 


Grous 


, bahtah 


258 


— Dindon 


193 


— gidlinaceus peregr. 


37'^ 


— 


birch 


245 


— de la Guianu 


139 


— gigantt'ua 


164 


— 


black 


22S 


— dorc 


194 


— Guineensis 


144 


— 


double-banded 


259 


— liuppe de Cayenne 212 


— Ja)>onicu9 


178 


— 


Gooto 


262 


— noir . . 


203 


— Javanicus 


167 


— 


Hasel 


242 


— noir & blane 


199 


— Indicu3 alius 


154 


— 


Helsingian 


244 


— panachu 


191 


— Macai'tneii 


184 


— 


hctcroclite 


261 


— rouge 


2(>(> 


— minor 


175 


— 


hybrid 


230 


— vordatre de Cay. . 135 


— Mozambicanus 


176 


— 


Indian 


260 


Fedoa nostra tertia 


3(59 


— Patavinu8 


176 


— 


Libyan 


2.53 


Finclde Rype 


240 


— Persicus 


173 


— 


long-tailed 


226 


Flercher 


36G 


— pluiniiies 


175 


— 


Namaqua 


251 


Founingo 


72, 79 


— Turcicus 


175 


— 


Nemesian 


244 


Fowat 


lOG 


Game, white . . 239, 


245 


— 


pinnated 


237 


Fowl.Darbary 


. 179 


Gamma 


338 


— 


pin-tailed 


2.50 


— Siberian 


179 


Ganga 


250 


— 


Ptarmigan 


239 


Praise 


310 


— bibande 


259 , 


— 


red 


247 


Francolin k collier . . 


235 


-- quadrubande 


266 


— 


Rehusak 


247 


— - collier ro 


ux 271 


— unibande 


256 


— 


rock , . 


241 


— - gorge nu 


e 2«(j 


Gassur 


342 


— 


ruffed 


234 


— - longue qi 


leue 226 


Gelinotte . . 228 


, 242 


— 


saud . . 


254 


— Adanson 


267 


— a double ailes 


237 


— 


Senegal 


253 


— de risle de 


Frsiiice 


— blanche 


239 


— 


sharp-tailed . . 


226 




274 


— de Canada 


232 i 


• 


shoulder-knot 


235 


— Ilaban-kul 


Leila 2CS 


— des Indes 


260 


— 


spotted 


532 


— perle 


276 


— des Sables 


254 


— 


spurious 


231 


— spadice 


. 271 


— grise 


244 


— 


Surinagur , . 


257 


Frecourou 


58 


— grosse 


235 


— 


white 


245 


Gallinaceo 


125 


• — huppde d'Araer. 


237 


— 


willow 


245 


Gallina Corylorum . 


242 


— rayee 


255 


— 


wood 


223 


— de Africa 


144 


Gilwut 


186 


Grus 


?sopliia 


347 


— Frieslandica . 


. 173 


Glimukan 


60 


Grygallus 


230 


— Indica 


125 


Goadgang . . 32, 46, 47 \ 


— 


minor 


245 


— . . alia 


156 


Godwit, 3d sort of 


369 ! 




. . punctatu 


3 230 


— ])ratojuola 


363 


Googo, Guga 43, 54 | 


Guan, 


Courier 


142 


— vertiee tuberos 


o 177 


Gooria Teetur 


286 1 


'~~' 


crested 


131 


Gallopavo Braziliensis 


131 


Gooto 


262 


__ 


crying 


137 


Galhis IJankira 


166 


Gorcock 


248 


— 


Eye-brow 


139 


— Banticus 


. 175 


Oorge-nue 


266 


— 


Genus 


131 


— cincinnatus . 


. 173 


Grando'de 


250 


— 


Marail 


135 


— doniesticus . 


168 


Gronautun punduh 


258 1 


.— 


Motmot 


139 



'U,i 



8. I'll 




VOLUMl'. VII r. 





r,<i:e 




/Vsf'i 




Page 


tiuan, obscure 


137! 


Houbara 


307 : 


Linioo-an 


00 


— PariiKiua 


140 


Houpifcre Macartney 


184 


Lohong 


354 


— piping 


la.j 


il\ii ta (ioogo 


75 


Long-Bird 


142 


— supercilious 


138 


Jabiru-guacu 


377 


Loo-uh 


341 


— Yacou 


133 


Jacupcma, Jacupemba 131,135 


Lopliophore 


203 


Haban-kukfllii 


•20'i) 


Jai'utinga 


134 


— resplcndissant 210 


Haggarero 


'24 


Jambu 


213 


Lophopliorus rcfulgcns 


210 


Haiino((uaw . . 


140 


Jeniani 


140 


Luen 


205 


Haselhulm 


24-2 


Jerva-guwa 


08 


Lyre 


159 


•— bunte 


. 244, 


Joo-an 


70 


Macucagua . . 


213 


Haubcntaubc 


9 ! 


Joo-joo 


75 


Magoua 


213 


Haushalin Gemelne 


Ui8 


Kakkiitische Halin 


125 


l\Iail;ou 


79 


Haustaube 


'>i 


Kauni, Kaintu 


58 


ftJanic 


323 


Heathcock, black and spotted | 


Karoeba 


137 


Mifiuas Duye 


103 




23'2' 


Kasuar gehaubte 


381 


Marai, Rlaraye 


135 




Kali 


250 
140 


IMeliagi is cristata 
— ])ectore albo 


131 
147 




232 


Katraca 


ruffed 


234 


Keron 


247 


— Satyra 


208 


Hemipodius fasciatus 


343 ■ 


Kervan 


371 


Memewuck . . 


97 


hottentottus 345 


Kin-chien-keg 


120 


Menura novK HoUandiae 


159 


lunatus 


330 ' 


Kitliwiah 


250 


— superba 


159 


niaculosus 344 i 


Knorcock 


350 


Merak 


110 


nigricol 


is 33!) 


Korhacn 


357 


Rlira, Mara . . 


204 


nigrifions 341 


Kronvogel 


83 


Mitu, Mutu 


151 




Kropfcr 


13 


Mituporaiiga 151 


, 154 


pugnax 


341 


Kuaow 


207 


Mocuicococ 


215 


tachydromus 337 > 


— cliiruiin 


120 


Mobreinhuner 


176 


— — thoracicus 3'23 


Kubootu-jungly 


08 


Moorcock 


240 


Hen Peruvian, red 


152 


Kurukum 


03 


Mooiy Manmoorei 


210 


Hetcroclite 


2(J1 


Lachtaubo 


55 


— Zeerccn 


211 


Hoactzin 


212 


Lagopedc 


239 


Muthu' »u 


201 


Hocco de la Guiane 


151, 15G 


— de la Baye d' Hudson 


Nandu 


377 


— de Perou 


152 




245 


Ncbla Nemalia 


300 


— du Mexique 


157 


Lagopus altera Plinii 


247 


Nepaul 


208 


— Tcucholi 


154 


— corylorum 


242 


Nliandu guacu & ajraa 


377 


Hockerliuhn 


157 


— freti Hudsonis 


232 


Numida ^Egyptiaca 


147 


Hoitlallotl . . 


142 


— from Hudson's 


B.232 


— cristata 


148 


Hoitlotl 


39 


— hybridus 


231 


— nieleagris 


144 


Holtz Ti.ube 


3 


Lampattu 


20 


— mitrata 


148 


Ho-ouy 


325 


Lanting 


279 


Oc -kiss-cow 


228 


Hoonkeah 


340; 


Lava surra 


249 


Ococolin 


322 


Horse of the Woods 


225 1 


Leek 


306 


Oedicnemus 


309 



m 






■ O'l 



voLUMi: vm 





/'•.;,.■ 


1 




/'»;<• 


1 




y'<-.i( 


Oedicncnuis creiiitans 


369 


1 Parkinson 


159 


Partridge 


, Kakclik . . 


290 


Ocnas Aim-iicaiius 


90 


' Parraqiia 


• . t 


140 


— 


Lauwau . . 


304 


Oiseaii <lc Nazaielli 


375 


Partridge 


, African . 


277 




Leona 


27.i 


— troiDix'tte 


347 


— 


American 


324 


•— 


long-billed 


•:si 


Oopa, Ooojiaia 


(i3 


— 


Aragonian 


250 


— 


Malacca 


324 


Oorail 


306 


— 


Asiatic 


281 


■ 


Mariland 


324 


Opislhocoitius 


'21-2 


— 


austral 


308 


— 


Mexican 


322 


Orool)a 


1!) 


— 


IJarbary 


293 


— 


Mosambique 


297 


Ortygis lucionei.is 


339 


— 


bare-necked QOO 


— 


mountain 88 


288 


Ostrich, American 


377 


— 


beautiful 


274 


— 


New Kngland 


324 


— black 


387 


— 


black 


273 


— 


New Holland 


344 


— (lying 


355 


— 


brown African 271 


— 


noisy 


309 


Otis Afra 


350 


— 


buff-breasted 106 


^~ 


olive 


303 


— Arabs 


354 


— 


Canibaian 


334 




oriental 


3(X) 


— atra 


350 


— 


Cape 


205 


— 


pearled 


270 


— aurita 


305 


— 


Caspian . 


290 


— 


perching 


281 


— Rengalensia 


358 


— 


Ceylon 


208 


— 


Pintado 


274 


— Chiicnsis 


350 


— 


Cheshire 


280 


— 


Pondieherry 


279 


— Houbara 


307 


— 


chestnut-bell. 305 


— 


red 


289 


— Indica 


308 


— 


Chittygong 


203,295 


— 


.. billed 


29a 


— niinoi' 


303 


— 


common 


283 


— 


■ • It'gged 


291 


— Oedicnnmus 


309 ' 


— 


crested Californian 


1 


. . necked 


206 


— Rhaatl 


308 






328 


] — 


reck 


335 


— tniila 


351 


— 


crowned 


331 


1 ^^ 


rufous-breasted 290 


— Tctrax .. 


303 


— 


Curria 


270 


— 


rust-bellied 


298 


Outardc 


351 


— 


curve-billec 


279 


— 


Senegal 


207 


— d'Afiique 


350 


— 


Damascus c; 


!50, 287 


— • 


spruce 


233 


— Imppe d'Arabie 


354 


— 


double-spurred 208 


— 


Virginian 


234 


— moyenne des IndesSSS 


— 


dusky-breasted 297 


— 


violaceous 


331 


— jietitc 


303 


— 


dwarf 


305 


— 


undulated 


305 


Paleiuito 


92: 


— 


eye-brow 


304 


1 


white 


245 


Paloiiia, Paloma torcas 


(57! 


— 


eyed 


301 




white-cheeked 


304 


Palumbus Amboinensis 


01 i 


— 


Francolin 


271 


1 ~~" 


wood 232 


,299 


. — ■ Carolinensis 


90 


— 


Gingi 


278 


Pavo albu 


3 ■ • * . 


113 


— minor 


3 


— 


gorget 


302 


j — cris 


atus 


109 


— Moluccensis 


19 


— 


great 


213 


1 — Japonicus 


110 


— lorquatus 


14 


— 


Greek 


289 


1 — Sinensis 


118 


Paon 


11)9 


— 


green 


331 


— spit 


ifer 


lie 


— blanc 


113 


— 


Guernsey 


291 


■ — varius 


113 


— petit de Malac 


119 


— 


Guiana 


323 


Pavone 


1 . 


109 


— sauvaije 114 


355 


— 


hackled 


307 


Pauw Wilde 355 


30O 


Piiradise-Bird, Parkinson. 


159 


— 


Javan 


308 


Pauxi ii barbillons 


155 



I'i 


i 




1 1 


i 
\ 
i ; 




1 


! * 


J 


1 



i 



m 



VOLUMi: Mil. 







Pnsf 






t'tigt 1 




P«ge 


Paiixi i 


])icrre . 


ir.r 


Perdiv 


borcalis 


324 


Perdix 


oricntalij 


32a 


— 


[^ak'atu 


157 


— 


Hra/.iliensis . . 


213 

1 


— 


]ierlata 


27fl 


— 


Mitu 


15« 


— 


Californica 


328 j 


— 


petrosa 


296 


Paxara 


jiiedra 


. 157 


— 


Canibaiensis 


334 1 


— 


Ponticeriana . . 


279 


Pcac'oc 


k, black-shouldered 111 


— 


Capensis 


265 


— 


rubra 291, 


293 


— 


crested 


109 


— 


Caspia 


290 i 


— 


llorbitnica 


293 


— 


genus 


10!) 


— 


Chincnsi3 


318 I 


— 


rubricollis 


266 


— 


Japan 


lu; 


— 


cincrea 


283 ' 


— 


rufa 289,291,292 


. 293 


— 


Javan 


ik; 


— 


cinereo-alba 


285 


— 


saxatilis 


289 


— 


Iris 


118 


— 


claniator 


265 


— 


Senegalensis 


267 


— 


Malay 


121 


— 


Coromandeliana 


310 


— 


Sinensis 


276 


— 


Pheasant 


11!» 


— 


coronata 


331 


— • 


Sonninii 


328 


— 


Thibet 


VU) 


— 


Cotui nix 


312 


— 


spadicea 


271 


— 


white 


113 




Coy ol cos 


327 


— 


striata 


310 


— 


wild 


355 




crislata 


329 




suscitafor 


309 


Peaher 


, male-feathered 1 13 


— 


Damascena 250, 'iS7 




varia 


344 


Peintade . . . 


144 


— ^ 


dentata 


323 


— 


Virginiana 


324 


— 


i'l cictc 


148 


— 


Falklandica . . 


327 


— 


viridis 


331 


— 


coinal 


148 


— 


ferruginea 


307 


— 


Zejionensis .. 


208 


— 


niitrec 


14S 


— 


Francolinus . . 


271 


Perdrix i\ caniail 


307 


Penducky 


53 




Gibraltarica . . 


336 


— 


-do" hussecf 


1278 


Penelo 


pe ciistata 


131 





Gingica 


278 


— 


- gl issc 


299 


— 


cumaiiensis 


133 





Gr.Tca 


289 


— 


Ayainiiiin 


308 


— 


Guan 


131 


— 


grisea 


300 


— 


d'Africjne 


266 


— 


Jacuj)ema 


131 


1 


Giiianensis 


323 


— 


d'Ainerique 


324 


— 


k'ucolophos 


133 


— 


gularis 


299 


— 


de Gingi 


278 


— 


Marail 


135 


— ' 


Hudsonica 


330 


— 


de Java 


308 


— 


iiiit den schc 


pfe 131 


— 


Javanica 


308 


' 


de la Gambra 


296 


— 


obscuia 


137 


i 


Kakalik 


290 




de laGuiane 219 


,323 


— 


Pan aqua 


140 


1 
1 


longirostris . . 


2S2 


— 


de Monlfigne 


288 


— 


Pipilc 


133 




Madagascariensis 


274 


— 


denouv.AnglL'terre324 


— 


satyr.i 


208 


1 


Manillensis . . 


321 


— 


de Pondichery 


280 


— 


superciliaris 


138 


j 


Marilanda 


324 




de roche 


296 


— 


vocifcrans 


137 




Mexicana 


326 




des roches . . 


241 


Peoa 




138 


— 


montana 


288 


— 


dis saules 


245 


Perdix 


* ■ 


2GG 


— 


Mexicana 322 


— 


grise 2S3 


.237 


— 


Afra 


. 277 


— 


najvia 


322 


— 


blanche 


285 


— 


Americana 


324 


— 


nova; Anglioe 


329 


1 "~ 


petite 


287 


— 


Andalusiae 


337 


— 


. . Guinea: 


311 


— 


muet 


245 


— 


Asiatica 


281 


— 


. . Hispaniee 


142 


*— 


perli'ede la Chine 27fi 


— 


australis 


306 


— 


nudicollis 


266 


— 


rouge 271 


,291 


— 


bicalcarata 


267, 268 


— 


oculea 


301 


— 


d'Al'rique 


266 









VOLl'Mi; Mil. 








r<iui' 






/•<n-, 


IVriliix 


■oiip; (If liaibarie 293 


Pliasianus Satyius 


208 


— 


(leMadajj. 


'^71 


I — 


Sinensis aureus 194 


IVij^anibu Kalalm 


yo 


1 


supcibus 1(J7 


, 19« 


Fcile Hiiner 


HI 




tonpiatus 


190 


IVinicc 


. . 


•iS9 


— 


Turcicus 


175 


Peiiiviai 


Hcu 


ir>'2 


— 


vaiiiis 1C7 


, 191 


P(Mi 


. . 


109 


i 


vcrticc cornibus 


Piiasianus albus 


191 




donato 


177 


— 


. . Sinensis 


199 


— 


voeifi'ians 


137 


— 


Antillarum 


a47 


1 Pheasant 


, Argus 


205 


— 


Argus 


205 


— 


barred-tail 


19C 


— 


Colchicus 


187 




JkubaiT Fow 1 


179 


— 


cornutus 


■208 


— 


black and white 


— 


cri.ii)U3 


173 




China 


199 


— 


ciistat, 172 


,21'2 


— 


Ihitool 


18G 


~ 


Indicus 


83 


— 


Chittygong 


200 


— 


ciuentus 


205 


— 


coloured 


203 


— 


curviiostris 


210 


— 


comuion 


187 


— 


ecaudatus 


173 


— 


Courier 


142 


— 


crytluoptlialmus 


1 


crested 


212 






201 


— 


lire-hacked 


134 


— 


fuscus Brazil. 


131 


— 


Genus 


1C3 


— 


Gallopavonis 


193 


— 


gold 


194 


— 


Gallus 1C8 


181 


— 


Guiana 


151 


— 


guianensis 


139 


— 


horned 


208 


— 


hybridus 191 


193 


— 


hybridal 


192 


— 


ignitus 


18-J 


— 


Inipeyan 


210 


— 


Inipfjanus 


210 


— 


lineated 


201 


— 


lanatus 


178 


— 


Nepaul 


202 


— 


Icuconielanos 


203 


— 


one kind of 


117 


— 


Mcxicanus 


112 


— 


jiaintcd 


194 


— 


Morio 


17'^ 


— 


Parracjua 


1-10 


— 


Motniot 


139 


— 


pencilled 179 


194 


— 


Nyctbcmerus 


199 


— 


Pensylvania 


234 


— 


pavoninus 


118 


— 


ring 


190 


— 


])entadactylu3 


Wi 


— 


rufous-tailed 


204 


— 


Pictus 


194 


— 


silver 


199 


— 


plunui)es 


175 


— 


Turkey 


193 


— 


Pumilio 


174 


— 


sanguine 


205 


— 


Pusillus 


175 


— 


Siberian . . 


179 


— 


rufus 


204 


— 


Suniutran 


204 


•— 


sanguineus 


194 


— " 


superb 
P 


1C7 



/•nut 

Pheasant, Svlhet .. 208 
— variegated lfi7, 1!>1 
Picacuroha . . 99 

Pieazuro . , CO, 07 

Picui .. 91,91 

Picui-pinima . . 27 

Pigeon u ailcs rousse^ T 1 

— - cravate . . 10 

— - la cour. blanche 49 

— Aniboina .. l02 

— aiUaretic . . 45 

— aromatic . . 7!' 

— Asiatic . . 68 

— auricular .. 21 

— aurited . . O'C 

— austral . . 79 

— azure . . 43 

— Bagadais , . 11 

— baU' .. 82 

— . . i)ated . . 49 
— • Bantamesc .. 104 

— Barbary .. 9 

— bay .. 20 

— belted .. 34 

— Berbice . . 42 

— Biset . . 7 

— black- capped 41 

— .. spotted 39 

— , . winged 101 

— blanc Mang. de Muse. 

20 

— blossom-headed 70 

— blue .. 42 

— . . headed 87 

— . . naped 47 

— . . tojiped 45 

— bronze-winged 31 

— brown . . 24 

— brun a couv. ailes 

rouges 94 

— Brush or Ground 32 

— Canada . . 98 






m 



! 




■iM 


1 




i 


fraM 


|h^ 


MJ»nw 


I 


IHm 


'•<\> \ 


1 




1 


;i 


1 




^ 



n 



( 'vr 



^l 



VOLUMK VIII. 







Piif, <■ 






fas,' 




1 


'- - '■ 


Pigeon, Capo 


I0'2 


Pigcoii, HoUandois 


24 


Pigeon, Porto Rico 


29 


— 


Caribbf c 


43 


— 


hook-billed 


81 




Powter 


13 


— 


Carolina 


99 





Horseman 


12 


— 


psittaccous 


78 


— 


Car'it" 


1'2 


— 


Hottentot 


87 


— 


purple 


76 


— 


(■aru'iculf.it'(l 


86 


— 


Ini])!)!' 


8 


— 


breasted 


69 


— 


Cavalier 


1'2 


— 


Hurrial 


74 


— 


crowned 


t;3 


— 


chestnut-shouldered 31 


1 


oVicobin 


9 


— 


shouldered 


74 


— 


clai)])er 


11 


1 


JaniLoo 


62 


— 


llamicr 


15 


— 


coniKioii 


4 


— 


Jcnisee 


28 


— 


bleu de Mad 


72 


— 


crescent-breasted 101 


— 


Indian 


68 


— 


de Cayenne 


2(; 


— 


crested 


8, 10« 


— 


Jungle 


67 


— 


de Madag. 


79 


— 


crowned great 


83 


^ 


laced 


10 


— 


des MoIu(; . 


s 19 


-- 


lesser 


331 


1 — 


IMadagascar 


72 


— 


red-br'^astcd 


90 


— 


cuirasac 


14 


! — 


IMalabar 


40 


— 


. . crowned 


(M 


— 


cuivre Mang. de Muse. 


— 


marginated . 


100 


— 


ring ].; 


, 17 






IS 


— 


Martinico 


S9 


— 


. . tailed 


43 


— 


cuUmtant 


11 


— 


Mauge 


106 


— 


rock 


7 


— 


dc (iuinee 


22 i 


— 


Mexican 


38 


— 


Roman 


7,8 


— 


<le la Jamaique 


49,94 


— 


niii^ratory 


90 


i — 


rouge & jaune 


S9 


— 


dc Nincombar 


84 i 


— 


mustachoe 


37 


— 


rough-footed 


8 


— 


de Passage 


9g' 


— 


na.a 


93 


— 


roussatre 35 


93 


— 


dnmestique . . 


4 


— 


New Zealand 


24 


— 


roux de Cayenne 66 


,89 


— 


double-ringed 


18 


. — 


Kicobar 


84 


— 


mll-nccked 


25 


— 


du Mexique . . 


38 


— 


:-jnain 


9 


— 


rust-fronted 


09 


— 


Egyptian 


40 


- • 


Norfolk 


30 


— 


St. Domingo 


49 


— 


eineraudine . . 


36 


— 


Norway 


8 


— 


St. Thomas 


81 


— 


f°rrug. vented 


44 


— 


nutmeg 


19 




sanguine 


81 


— 


frisi' 


10 


— 


white 


20 


"^ 


snuva:re 


101 


— 


garnet-winged 


'Ij 


— 


opaline 


33 


— 


sea) loj)- necked 


26 


— 


ticnus 


1 ' 


— 


pacific 


45 


— 


shaker 


lo 


— 


Geotlioy's 


35 


— 


painted 


59 


— 


short-tailed . . 


73 


— 


gold-winged 


32 


— 


pale 


30 


— 


smiter 


13 


— 


grcat-ci owned 


83 1 


-— 


Paon 


10 


— 


bouthern 


28 


— 


. . (ailed 


ic: 1 


— 


Parrot 


75 


— 


S]l()t 


14 


— 


gi'ecn 


41 


— 


Partridge 


88 


— 


spotted-green 


23 


— 


. . winged 


01,62 


— 


peregrine 


30 


— 


9quan:mou3 


27 


— ■ 


ti-rey 


27 


— 


Persian 


11 


— 


striated 


48 


— 


. . fronted 


95 


— 


jjheasant-tailed 


107 


— 


stock 


.", 


>'— 


. . headed 


/ / 


— 


Picazuro 


66 


— 


Sumatran 




— 


grosse-gorge 


13 


— 


[lied 


47 


— 


Siuat 


57 


— 


iKicklcd 


24: 


— 


Polonois 


12 


— 


Surinam 


3S 


— 


liclmet 


1 

11 


— 


Poni[.adour .. 


73 


— 


Tabuan 


< ( 



J^- 



a 
i 



i 

^4 






VOLUME VI n. 







/'«,.■'• 


1 




/',/,!,■<• 


1 




P,,^, 


l'ii;ion, Talpacoti 


P3 


; Pluvicr grand 


369 


Quail, 


Louibiana 


32(; 


— 


Tambouiin . . 


a« 


{ Polyp 


ectron Chinqu 


s 118 


1 — 


Luzonian 


33S 


— 


Tanna 


S'2 


1 Fouiba trocat's 


27 


1 


I\ladaga!-:car . . 


310 


— 


Temminck's 


70 


1 


verdadeira 


27 


I 


Malouine 


327 


— 


tetraoid 


00 


Poonas 


. . 105 




^'unilla 


321 


— 


tiger 


67 


Pooni 


Jamboo 


62 




i.iarblcd 


312 


— 


triangular-spotted 


2Q 


i ■"" 


Touna 


60,76 


1 — 


JMexican 142 


. 237 


— 


tumbler 


11 


! Poukiobou 


71 


1 — 


mottled 


343 


— 


Turner 


14 


i PouU 


ii duvet (lu Jaj 


on 178 


i — 


New Guinea 


311 


— 


Turbit 


10 


j Powese 


152 


— 


New Holland 


306 


— 


Tiirc, ou Bagadals 


11 


Psophia crepitans 


. 347 


— 


noisy 


309 


— 


varied 


37 




undulata 


349 


— 


oriental 


322 


— 


vert i'l t(' te grise 


77 


Pterocles arenarius 


354 


— 


Sonnini's 


328 


— 


,. d'Aniboinc 


79 


— 


- bicinctus 


25!» 


— 


southern 


343 


— 


. . de Lu(;on 


75 





- (|uad'-:.inctU3 260 1 


— 


spotted-necked 


345 


— 


. . des Philippines 75 




- setarius 


250 


— 


sultry 


343 


-- 


violet i'l t('te rouge 


«4 




- tachypetes 


251 


— 


varied 


344 


— 


.. de laMartiniq.89 


Puck-hoan 


200 1 


Quan 




131 


— 


. . naped 


34 


Pullet 


, Blackamoor 


176 


Quauht Zonecolin 


329 





Vlouvlou 


34 


Puter- 


gcnni 


18 


Rakhel 


hanar 


231 


— 


Waalia 


77 


Quagl 


ia 


. 312 


Ramie] 


• • 


7 


— 


white-bellied 


94 


Quail, 


Andalusian 


337 




de Cayenne 


26 


— 


. . crowned 


49 


— 


Balen 


341 




herissi- 


25 


_ 


, . faced 


4« 


— 


black- fronted 


341 




roussard 


22 


_. 


. . fronted 


95 


— 


necked 


339 


Raphus 


372 


— 


. . masked 


28 


— 


Bontius 3 


309 


Rephulm 


283 


— 


. . rumped 


4 


— 


calid 


. 317 


Reroe maniri 


216 


__ 


.. shouldered 


39 


— 


Californian 


328 


Reveil-matin 


309 


— 


.. winged 


C5 


— 


Chinese 


318 


Rhaad 


• • 


368 


— 


yellow-fronted 


G9 


— 


common 


312 


Rhea Americana 


377 


— 


winged 


4(> 


— 


Coroniandel 


310, 311 


Ringel 


taube 


15 


I'ikau 


Piker 319, 


321 


— 


crescent 


344 


Ripa major 


245 


Pinttido, crested 


148 


— 


crested 


329 


Roloul de Malacca . . 


3^1 




- Egyptian 


147 


— 


crowned 


310 


Rothhuhn 


291 




- Genus 


144 


— 


Dubkee 


340 


1 

1 


• griechische 


289 




- Guinea 


144 


— 


■ :\stern 


. 317 


Saf-Saf 


368 




- mitred 


148 


— 


elegant 


306 


Schneehuhn 


231 




' white-breasted 


147 


— 


lighting 


341 


Schwc 


fhahn 


159 


Pittcwonno 


167 


— 


Gibraltar 


336 


Scloua 


• • 


251 


Plovei 


Passarage 


365 


— 


grey-throated 


300 


Singhee Moory 


209 


Pluvialis Bengalensis 


358 


— 


Hottentot 


345 


Sillkur 


133 




- minor 


369 


— 


Pludsonian 


330 


Solitaire 


374 



. i; 



VOLUMK VIII. 







/'ape 






I'/ipc 




/Vc 


Sonaha Pandock 


61 


Tetrac 


inutus 


239 


Tinamou Tataupa 


218 


Soon r 


aukta 


til 


— 


r.iontanus 


288 


varii' 


219 


Soui 


. . * •< 


220 


— 


Nama(|ua 


251 




219 




Spiciferc 


177 


— 


Ncniesianus . . 


244: 


undulated 


216 


Starna 


• > 


283 


— 


nudicollis 


266 ! 


Ynambui 


22 i 


Steen Duifje 


92 


— 


ocellatus 


334 i 


Tinanius ac^spcrsus 


217 


Steinwalzer 


369 


— 


Paradoxus 


261 ! 




213 


Stock Dove . . 


7 


— 


phasianellus . . 


226 '■■ 


ciuereus 


215 


Straus 


gemeine 


387 


— 


pcdibus ant. liirs. 


250 ' 


niaculosus 


222 


Struth 


10 Americana 


377 




rubricoUis 


260 ' 


nanus 


220 




- Camelus 


387 


— 


rupestris 


241 


noctivagus 


217 




Americ 


.377 


— 


Saliceti 


245 


obsoletus 


217 




. Casuarius 


381 


— 


Scoticus 


247 


rufescens . . 


221 




- Emeu 


377 


— 


Senegalus 


253 


■ Soui 


220 




- Nothus 


377 


— 


subtridactyla 


254 


strigulosus 


218 




- Rhea 


377 


— 


Tetrix 22f 


i, 230 


Tataupa 


218 


Syrrhaptcs Pal'asii . . 


261 


— 


togatus 


235 


Tua 


215 


Tambourette 


37 


— 


Tympanus 


234 




219 


Tarda 


nana 


363 


— 


variegatus 


219 


undulatus 


216 


Tataupa 


218 


— 


umbellus 


234 


Tlacahoilotl 


42 


Taumler 


11 


— 


Urogallus 


223 


Tlapaleotli 


93 


Tche- 


cou 


976 


'I'etras 


221 


Tok-dar 


367 


Tetrao albus 


2^5 




phasianellc . . 


226 


Tortel duyf . . 


56 


^ ^ 


alchata 


250 





■ taeheti; 


232 


Tortora 


50 


m.m» 


arenarius 


254 


Tinamou Apequia 


217 


Tortura 


50 


•B— 


betulinui 


245 


— 


— barred-tail 


216 


Tourocco 


108 


^_^ 


bicalcarata 


267 


— 


— Carapt' 


226 


Tourte 


99 


_ 


bonasia 


242 




— cendre 


215 


j Tourtelette 


102 





Canace 


232 


— 


— cinereous 

— de Cayenne 

— dwarf 

— Genus 

— groat 


215 
213 
220 
213 
213 


Tourterelle 


38, 50 
55, 56 





Canadensis . . 


232 
244 
265 
250 


~~ 




— 


eanus 






— 


Capensis 






_— 


caudatus 


- 




— 


cincreus 


215 


! — 


— little 

— Macaco 


220 
217 




_- 


Cupido 


237 


■ 




__ 


hybridus 


230 


— 


— nocturnal 


217 


blanche ensaiig- 


— 


laaopus 23'J,a4, 


i,247 


— 


— obsolete 

— Oariana 


217 
218 


lantce 94 





lapponicus 


247 


— 




IllllU tf-l 




major 


213 


— 


— petit 

— rufesccnt . . 


220 
221 




102 
100 







_ 


Marilandus . . 


324 


~"~ 




_ 


medius 


230 


— 


— spotted 


222 


■ de Batavia 


41 


,^.^ 


Mcxicanus 


320 


— 


— Tao 


215 


de Canada 


98 



VOLUME VI il. 





/',(,•, 






Pane 


1 


/>.,!; c 


Tourtoielle cle Java 


00 


Turnix Hottentot 


345 


Turtur parvus Americaniw 91 




'JO 





niouchete 


344 


— Sinensis striatus 






48 




e 87 




ray^- 


343 


— torquatus J 






5, 56 


tie Porlugal 


53 


Turtel taube 


50 


— vinaceus 


56 




104 


Turtle, barred 


105 


Turvert . . 4 






1, 6<) 




58 


' — 


blue-crowned 


CO 


Valgh-vogel 






372 




3(i 


— 


. . headed 


87 


Urogallus major 






224 


cmeraudine 


3f) 


— 


Cambaian 


58 


— — minor 


228 




16 57 


1 — 


Canada 
Chinese 


98 
54 


fuscus, &c. 






237 




.Ji> 




punctatus 


230 




58 


— 


<^rey 


57 


Uru 


323 




.. ensanglantc'e 


— 


coUarc 


55 


Uscathachish 


241 




.90 


— 


Senegal 


56 


Waalia 


77 


..n^'fn 


91 


i ~ 


common 


50 


VVachtel 






312 


rayte dcs Indes 105 


; — 


ground 


91 


Wakoekwar 


42 


Touyouyou . . 


377 


1 — 


hybrid 


56 


Waldhuhn bastard . . 


231 


Trappi; 


351 


t ^^ 


Javan 


60 




239 




kk'ine 


363 


— 


Indian 


55 


Wallhuhn 


178 


''"I'ina inayara 


S59 


— 


Malacca 


104 


VVaringen gothebria 


73 


Troni))etenvogcl 


347 


— 


painted 


59 


VViroe 


95 


Tfumpeler Chili 


350 


— 


Senegal 


5S 


Wood hen 


2CS 




347 


— 


spotted-necked 


52 


Yacou 






133 




34!) 


— 


Surat 


57 


Yacu apcti 






131 


Trutliahn 


125 


— 


vinaceous 


56 


— caraquata 


140 


Tschasarniadar 


243 


— 


white 


57 


Yaupan 


60 


Turkey, American . . 


125 


T'lrtu 


r Americanus 


100 


Yeruti 


94 


domestic 


125 




auritus 


50 


Ynambu apc(|uia 


218 


Genus 


125 


— 


Carolinensi's 


99 


■ bituatre 


217 




129 


— 


giiiture niaculato 


58 


— — carape 


220 


Marail 


135 


— 


hybritlu", 


56 


gnazu 


330 


Turnix a bandeau noir 


341 


— 


Guianensis 


87 


raye 216, 


919 




33fi 


— 


Indicus 5 


5,91 


Tao 


215 


Cognan 


339 


— 


striatus 


105 


Piniaia 


219 


combattant 


345 


^ 


Lusltanicus 


r,j 


Zone colin 


829 



!a.i 1 . ! 



3tff 




K 



m 



VOLUME IX. 



l.V.». 1G5 
14(J 
1^5 
13G 
419 
3!), l(j'2 
51 
■212 
Aguapeazo blanc en dessuus 

385 
— {jfopreinent dit 389 



Aboil Hannes 

Acacolotl 

Acbac 

Acccgia beccagia 

Asintli 

Adjutant 

Aghirone nero 

/l^goccplialus Bellonii 



A^'uaj)ecaca 

Aiiiiui 

Aigle d'eau cornu 

Aigrette 

— demi 

— rousse 
Albastrella ceneiina 
Aloucttede Mer 

— petite 
Aiiastomus 
AngoH 
Anjeen 

Aniuma, Anlmma 
Auuarous 
A ramus 
Aicuata minor 
AnU-a iE(iuinoctialis 

— aflinis . . 

— Aganii 

— alba 

— . . major 

— . . minor 

— . . tertia 

— alia 

— Americana 



387 
15 
8 
87 
95 
95 
'234 
181, ?8C 
•28 1 
135 
411 
76 
10 
14 
135 
152 
89 
87 
1'23 
84 
84 
89 
92 
74 
44 





1 


'"i'<- 






rag « 


Ardea Americana cinerea 


117 1 


Ardea cyanocephala 


131 


— 


Antigone 


31 


— 


cyanopus 


117 


— 


Argala 


38 


— 


Danubialis 


71 


— 


atra 


133 


— 


dubia 


38 


— 


badia 


fTo' 


^_ 


Egretta 


82 


— 


Bononiensis 


183 


— 


Egrettoides 


84 


i — 


botaurus 


118 


— 


erythrocephala 


•M 


1 


Braziliensis 


102 


— 


erythropus 


111 


' — 


Candida 


92 1 


— 


exilis 


72 


— 


ca;rulea 


ll« 


— 


t'erruginea 


(i8 


— 


cicruleo-nigra 


64 


— 


flava 


102 


j — 


cserulescens 


117 


— 


flavicoliis 


134 


; — • 


Caledonica 


59 


— 


freti Hudsonis 


SO 


■ — 


cana 


/8 1 


— 


fusca 107, 126 


— 


Canadensis 


45 i 


— 


Galatea 


85 


— 


Candida 


84 


— 


Gardeni 


(■,6 


— 


minor 


92! 


— 


Garzetta 


87 


— 


candidiSbima 


90 


— 


gigantea 


30 


— 


Caprea dicta 


90 


— 


grisea 


5(; 


— 


Carolinensis Candida 


89, 


— 


Grus . . 


33 


— 


carunculata 


73' 


— 


hsmatopus 


111 


— 


Caspica 


121 ^ 


— 


Helias 


243 


— 


castanea 


112 


— 


Herodias 


SO 


— 


Cayanensis 


03 


— 


Hoactli 


126 


— 


cristata 


125 


— 


Hiidsonias 


80 


— 


Ciconia 


48 


— 


Janiaicensis 


<;5 


— 


cinerea 


74 


— 


Javanica 


130 


— 


cinnamomca 


115 


— 


immaculata 


84 


— 


Cocoi 


.125 


— 


Indica 


79 


— 


comata 


109 


— 


Kwaka 


56 


— 


congener 


183 


— 


lentiginosa 


101 


— 


Coromandelica 


135 


— 


lepida 


129 


— 


Cracra . . 


133 


— 


leucocepliala 


54 


— 


cristata 


74 


— 


leucogaster 


95 


— 


purpurascens 119 


1 
1 


lincata 


103 


— 


cyanea 


116 


1 __ 


Ludoviciana 


95, 108 





VOLU.Ml:: I\. 







/'«:,■,■ 








r'(/-v 




Pane 


Ardca innculata 


73 


Ardc 


I spcciosa 




122 


Bangou tula 


39 


— 


Maguaii 


53 


— 


Scpniotta 


, , 


112 


Bangu 


42 


— 


major 


74 


— 


Stcllaris 




97 


Barge 


205, 210 


— 


Malaccensis 


Vll 




crist. 


Anier. 


(14 j 


— aboyeuse 


235 


— 


Marsigli 


113 




crist. 


nmjor 


118 : 


— blanche 


218, 235 


— 


melanoccphala 


1'23 




crist. 


nil nor 


io(; 


— brune 


238 


— 


Mexicana Candida 


St) 


— 


tcrtium Genus 


— grande rousse 


210 


— 


cristata 


V2G \ 








'M 


— grise 


235 


— 


niinuta 68, CO 





striata 




79' 


— rouge de la Baie 


— 


nebulosa 


130 





tigrina 




104 : 


d' Hudson 


20G 


— 


nigra 51 


153 


— 


torquata 




1S3 : 


— varicc 


235 


— 


. . torquata 


183 


— 


varia 




5G 


Barker 


239 


— 


nivca 


90 


— 


varicgata 




81 


Barri enna . . 


IC 


— 


nov£E Guineffi 


133 


— 


violacea 




64 


Battaan 


310 





Hollandiffi 


1Q7 




vircscens 




lOG 


Bee A cuillier 


5 


— > 


nycticurax 


56 


_ 


virgata 




9G 


Becasse 


18G 


— 


ohscura 


C7 


— 


Virginiana crist. 


SO 


Becasse des Savar.ncs 


193 


— 


pacilica 


1'27 




Virgo 


• • 


28 


Becasscau 


7,273 


— 


pavonina 


2C 


— 


viridi-flavescens 


113 


piatyrinche 


181 





Philippensis 


105 


_ 


undulata 




105 


Becassine 191, 


194, 195 


— 


picta 


123 


— 


Xanth'jdactyl 


1 


90 


— blanche de 


i Indes 


— 


pileata 


92 


Ardcie congener 


. • 


183 




204 


— 


])lunibea 


IIG 


Ardcola 


CS, 69 


— de la Cjiine 203 


— 


Pondiccriana 137 


13S 


— 


Braziliensis 




124 


— de Madaga 


scar 199 


— 


pulla 


7-1 


1 — 


nxvia 


, , 


G9 


— dc Madras 


203 


— 


puniila 


113 


Arenaria 


30G, 


321 


— du Cap. de B. Es]). 


— 


purpurascens 


120 


1 


— clnerea 




307 




198 


— 


])urpurata 


120 


Argil 1, I'urgill 




38 


— petite 


197 


— 


purpurea 


119 


Anp 


atii minor 


. . 


177 


Bccassiiutte de Siam 


202 


— 


cristata 


IIG 


Ave 


de Rio 


, , 


114 


Beccarivale 


1 


— 


ralloides 


112 


: Avis 


Rlexic. minim. 


candid. S9 


Bec-ouvert 


138 


— ■ 


ranivora 


118 


1 — 


Porpliyrio 




144 


Bedaran 


. 297 


— 


Rhenana 


74 


Avoset, long-legged 


318 


Begune 


293 


— 


rubiginosa 


9C 


i — 


Terek 




241 


Bhegnudce burrec 


220 


— 


rubra 


118 


1 

j 


white 




218 


I$hcnongchang 


23G 


— 


rufa 


82 


\ Auster-lischer 




35G 


Bidi Bidi 


422 


— 


ruftisccns 


95 


, Auslerinann 




356 


Bihorcau 


56 


— 


sacra . . 93 


, 107 


1 A yam Ay am 




370 


de Cayenne 


G3 


— 


scolopacea 


135 


Bag 


Duda 


250 


,251 


Bilcock 


3G8 


— 


Senegalcnsis 


122 


nag 


uari 


53, 54 


Biru-lahut 


211 


— 


Sinensis 


125 


Balleen 


. . 


2G9 


Bittern 


97 


— 


Sologniensis 


71 


Ban 


bangan 


.. 


12G 


1 — American 


100 



i 











VOLUME IX. 
















/'»:;/■ 


1 


Pd'Ji e 






/■ ■■■'«« 




IJitterr 


1, Brazilian 


102 


Dotaurus ntevius 68, 10' 


Cancrofagus Philippensis 


105 




— 


brown 


107 


— rufus 


71 


— 


rufus 


111 




— 


crested 


C4 


— striatus 


71 


— 


ntevius . . 


112 




— 


blue 


64 


Brachvogcl grosse 


170 


[ — 


viridis 


106 




— 


diualia 


70 


— kleine 


313 


Cancroma Cochlearia 


20 




— 


dwarf 


113 


Brook-ouzel 


368 


Cangui 




143 


i 


— 


greater 


118 


Brunette 


288 


Canut 




25(; 


1 


— 


Hudso. s Bay 


100 


Bugha 


62 


Cariama 




12 


f 


— 


Hneated 


103 


Bulla rag ang 


127 


Camay 




179 


1 


— 


little C8. 70 


Burka 


195 


Carrwall 


1 


269 


1 


— 


marsh 


100 


Burong 


410 


Castanien braune Reiher 


60 


1 


— 


minute 


72 


— Kaladis 


115 


Caunangoly 


411 


i 


— 


rayed 


71 


— Kambing 


39 


Caurale 


• • 


243 


1 


— 


rufous 


71 


Butor 


97 


Caziama 




12 


S 


— 


small 


lOG 


1 — brun rayj 


71 


Cereopsif 


!, New Holland 


432 


i 


— 


Swabian 


113 


— do la Baye d' Hudson 100 


Chaha 


236, 3 IS 


,375 


i 


— 


Tiger 


104 


— grand 


118 


' Chaja 




10 




— 


wliitc-bellied 


101 


— jaune du Brazil 


102 


Clialidris 


Species 


235 




— 


yellow 


102 


— petit 


113 


' Cliangu- 


awu 


70 


1 


— 


zigzag 


105 


1 — . . de Cayenne 


105 


Changa-ulu 


120 


1: 


— 


Blekko-ireng 125 


,123 


— . . du Senegal 


122 


: Charadrius iEgyptius 


331 


"■^ 


Blau-vo 


gel 


425 


I'OUX 


71 


— 


Africanus 


346 




Blongios 


G8 


— ■ tachete 


66 


— 


Alexandrinus 


330 




— 


taclieti' 


69 


Butterback 


318 


— 


apricarius 


314 




Bout-bill 


20 


Butterbump, Bumpy 


99 


— 


Asiaticus 


338 




Bodeh 


. . 


413 


Buttore 


157 


— 


atricapillus 


345 




Bogo 


.. 


158 


Caboga 


94 


— 


autumnalis 


318 




.Boh-bogla . . 33 


. Ill 


Calidris . . 235 


, 245 


— 


calidris 


321 




Bone-eater 


39 


— arenaria 


321 


— 


Cantianus 


328 




Bontod 


. . 


410 


— ferruginea 


247' 




Cayanus 


349 




Boollu < 


:ory . . 


411 


— Ganibetta 


230 


-- 


coronatus 


343 




Boonk 


. . 


68 


— grisea 


255 


— 


Curonicui 


324 




Booring 


Boot 


32C 


— . . minor 271 


321 


— 


Falklandicus 


333 




— • 


color 


38 


— naevia 


259 


— 


froenatus 


342 




Buorong combing 


38 


— viperino colore 


249 \ 


— 


ful'US 


339 




— 


puchong 


130 


Calla chacha . . 


238 


— 


fuscus 


342 




Botaurus 


97 


Camoucle 


8 




grallarius 


320 




— 


Braziliensis 


102 


Cancrofagua Americanus 


133 ! 


— 


gregarius 


334 




— 


Freti Hudsonis 


100 


— BahamcDsis 


64 


— 


griseus 


342 




— 


lentiginosus 


101 


— Braziliensis 


124 1 


— 


Hiaticula 325, 


327 




— 


major 


118 


— castaneus 


60 


— 


Himantopus 


317 




■ ' 


minor 


113 


— luteus 


109 


~" 


hymomelus 


270 




m. 



V. 



VOLUME IX. 





i' 

1 


i ■■ 


\\ 


I 

;l 

i: 

] f 





i'. 



Page 
317 
343 
340 
314 
341 



Charudrius Jiimaicensis 

— Indicus 

— leucogaster 

— maculatus 

— inugnirostris 

— inelaiiocf[jlialus344 
<— inongolus 338 

— MorinelUis 334,337 

— iia;vius 333 

— nov. Zealandiae 338 

— obscurus 339 

— PliilippinuB 332 

— pileatiis 349 

— Pluvialis 311 

— pusillus 350 

— rubidus 323 

— rubricollis 341 

— Sibiricus 334 

— Spiiiosus 346, 347 

— Tataricus 337 

— torquatus 316 
— - vociferus 315 

— Wilsonii 329 
Cliavaria .. .. 388 
Chauckur Sliakree 345 
Chauna .. .. 388 
Chebka, Chebuka 229 
Chechisasbisli . . 284 
Cheruting .. .. 313 
Chevalier 226, 234, 384 

— aux pied rouges 227 

— blaiic .. 229 

— commun .. 249 

— raye . . 231 

— stagimtile .. 234 

— varie .. 247 

— vert .. 200 
Chibugau .. .. 268 
Chipta .. .. 322 
Chirlcote .. ,. 410 
Chirlito .. .. 144 
ChirurgiendeLu9on 385,390 



Pas' I 
380 I 
255 
425 

228 



Cliirurjiieii noir 

Chiurliiio 

Cbloropus Acbac , 

Choapku .. 

Cliorlito i croupioii bbmc 233 

— -deiiii-collier blunc 

& noir 362 

— - tcte & queue 

II oi rat res 273 

— aux pied rouijes 230 

— brun piquet6 de 

blanc 234 

— Cabaqone 

— Cliampetre 
Clioweyau 
Chuppowii 

Chura .. .. 

Cliurta guiar 
Cliuting-nock 
Cicogue blaucbe 

— noire 
Ciconia Americana 

— Braziliensis 

— fusca 

— Javaiii 

— leucocepliala 

— Maguar* 

— nigra . , 



Cincle 



313 
247 

297 
303 
158 
209 
30 
48 
51 
53 
14 
51 
42 
54 
53 
51 
288 



Cinclus Dominicensis minor 

291 
— minor 273, 287 



— tertius Aldr. 

— torquatus 
Cirris .. •• 
Cirujana 
Clucking Hen 
Coceayaubqui 
Cochlearius 

— fuscus . . 
Cocci .. •• 

' Collier rouge 



287 

288 
19 

384 
05 
47 
20 
21 

125 
14 



Po^c 
Comaltccatl .. 31tl 

Conibattaut . . 245 

Corankool .. 156 

Corlieu .. .. 177 

Coulon-cbaud 306, SOS 

Coure-vite .. 351 

— de Coromandel 

353 
Couricaca .. .. 141 

Courlan, on Couriri 135 

Courli tachete du Lu<;on 174 
Courlis .. 170,18(1 

— de bois de Cay. 145 

— grand de Cayenne 147 

— Iiuppe de Madug. 157 

— petit, ou Corlieu 177 

— rouge ., 144 

— tachete de Luzon 174 
Courly k Col blanc 147 

— - fioiit rouge 14> 

— - tete nue 155 

— blanc du Bresil 14S 

— brun de Lu(;on 15t) 

— de Madagascar 17o 

— le plus petit 181 
Courser, collared 354 

— cream-coloured 351 

— double-collared 354 

— Corouiandel 353 
Cowarie, Kowahree 153 
Crab-catcher .. 107 
Crabier i\Cou brun 117 

— - tete & queue vertes- 

107 

— blanc ii bee rouge 89 

— blanc & brun 121 

— bleu .. IKi 

— Caiot .. 112 

— cendre .. 117 

— chalybe .. 124 

— de Coromandel 111 
^x de la Louisiane lOH 



VOLUME IX. 







Page ! 






Page 1 


I ' riibi 


sr de Malion 


109 1 


Curlew 


, EbKimaux 178, 180 


^— 


des Philippines 


105 


— 


Mudso.<iaii 


178 


— . 


gris de fer 


04 


— 


long-billed 


172 


— 


inarron 


111 


— 


Luzonian 


. 174 


— 


noir de la N. Gu 


'. nee 


— 


INIadagascar 


173 






133 


— 


Otaheite 


175 


— 


roux 


60 


— 


Pygmy 


. 181 


— 


. . i tete & queue 


— 


red , 


. 144 




vertes 


108 


— 


seu-side 


180 


— 


verd 


100 


— 


Spanish 


. 148 


Cralio 


li 


319 


— 


VVliiuibrel 


170 


Crant 


.Australasian 


47 


— . 


white 


. 149 


— 


Balearic 


20 


— 


white-headed 


175 


— 


black-bell. Indian 


37 


Curucau .. . 


. 147 


— 


blue .. 


45 


— 


ii Cou varie 


179 





brown 


45 


— 


couleur de | 


)lomb 


— 


common 


33 






140 


_ 


crowned African 


20 


— 


rase 


140 


_ 


gigantic 


38 


Cursorius Asiaticus 


353 


_ 


iiooping 


44 


— 


bicinctu 


354 


« — 


Japan 


30 


— 


Europaeub 


351 


^ — 


Javan 


42 


— 


Gallicus 


351 


__ 


Indian 31,3 


2.47 


— 


Irjabellinus 


251 


— 


Modun 


42 


Dahut 


, Dauc 


. 413 


_ 


Numidian 


28 


Daker 


Hen 


. 397 


— 


Siberian 


30 


Dancing-Bird 


28 


Crex 


Indica 


411 


Dawbul 


4 


Ciucau, Curiicau 147 


,179 


Demi 


Egret 


95 


Cuciinia, Currakecl 


29 


.Demoiselle 


28 


Ciicid 


y 


405 


Dhalac 


159 


Cuill 


erebrune 


21 


Dicho 


ophus 


12 


(.'ul Ijiaiico 


273 


Dispertadores 


9 


— blanc 


273 


Doodooroa-atto 


. 339 


C u rai 


li remembri 


131 


Doppelschnepfe 


170, 191 


Cuiicaca 


142 


Dotterel 


334, 337 


Curlew, Brazilian ,. 


154 


Dubee 


G 


— 


brown 


148 


Dural 


a 


70 


— • 


Cape 


181 


Echasse 


. 318 


— . 


Chili 


182 


Een-y 


"hn-waii 


. 391 


—• 


collared . . 


183 


Egret (lemi i 


95 


— 


common . . 


170 


— 


great 


82 


— 


Derhomai 


183 


— 


little 
a 3 


87 



Paee 

Egret reddish . . 95 

— specious , . 87 

— yellow-slippered 90 
Egrette ,. .. 87 

— grande , . 82 
EmsL'esy ,. , lO'i 
Ephouskyca 151 
Erodia Abyssiiiica ,. 137 

— Amphilensis 137 
Erody, Abyssinian 137 

— Indian ., 140 

— Pondieherry 138 
Etoil6 .. .. 107 
Europyga .. .. 243 
Falcinellus 152, 235 
Favorite de Cayenne 418 
Flute de Soleil .. 131 
Fulica albivuntris .. 400 

— Carthagena 412 
— • Cayanensis . . 415 

— cir 'rea .. 412 

— fibtulans .. 409 

— flavipes . , 408 

— flavirostris . . 418 

— fusca .. 400 

— Maderaspatana 411 

— Martinica .. 417 

— Neveboracensis 419 

— purpurea .. 419 

— ruficollis .. 41G 
— - viridis .. 412 

Gallina serica . . 367 

Gallinago Cap. B. Spei 198 

— Maderaspat. 203 

— minima .. 197 
Gallinella aquatica 404 
Gallinelle .. .. 404 
Gallinula Abyssinica 409 

— alba ., 420 

— alia .. 406 

— aquatica 21, 367, 404 
— * armata Indica 385 



voLUMR rv. 







I'attc 






Pane 






r..". ■• 


(iailinula Dailloiiii 


402 


Gallinulcj brown 


406 


Garza b 


ionda 


'.»: 


— 


Braziliunsis 3SJ,387 


— 


Carthagena 


414 


— de Mallorka 


2« 


— 


Carolina 


420 


— 


Cayenne 


415 


Garzetta 


87 


— 


Cap, DontE Spei 


198 1 


— 


Chiricote . . 


416 


Garzctt 


a blanche 91 


, 92 


— 


Caitliagena 


414 

1 


— 


common 


404 


— 


cinerizia 


74 


— 


Cayanensii 


41a i 


— 


Crake 


396 


— 


dorado 


97 


— 


Cliloropus 


404, 


— 


crested 


412 


riaiiilali 


, Goar 


171 


— 


Ciex 


39g| 


— 


crowing 


419 


Gavia liltorulis 


325 


— 


cristata 


412 


— 


dwarf 


103 


— seu Vanelluslndicui 


347 


— 


fistularis 


409 


— 


favourite . . 


418 


— vi 


rid is . 


311 


— 


flavipes 


408 


— 


Genus 


396 


— vulgaris 


276 


— 


flavirostris 


418 


— 


great 


407 


Gauldii 


g, blue 


116 


— 


Foljamlvii 


402 


— 


green 


412 


— 


great white 


84 


— 


fusca 


40C 


— 


Grinetta 


399 


— 


grey-crested 


64 


— 


gularis 


410 


— 


Jamaica 


422 


' Gcga washue 


307 


— 


Javanica 


411 


— 


Javan 


411 


' Geiskoj 


fachnepfe 


212 




Kookra 
lugubris 


411 
410 




Kookra 
little 


411 
402 


I 




() I ■> 


_- 


^^ 


i Ghole 




99 


— 


niaculata . . 


408 


— 


Madras 


411 


Giarola 


273 


364 


— 


Maileraspatana 


411 




Martinico 


417 


Gid 


. . 


197 


— 


major 


407 




minute 


423 


Gillerdinc 


399 


— 


Martinica 


417 


; — 


mournful 


410 


Ginocc 


liella 


279 


— 


melampus 


364 


— 


New Holland 


429 


Glareola 227, 239 


,273 


— 


nielanocephala 


426 


— 


olivaceous 


402 


— 


austral is 


366 


— 


minor 197, 399 


, 406 


— 


piping 


409 


— 


Austriaca 360 


, 363 


— 


nscvia 


399 


— 


purjile 


425 


— 


castanea 


259 


— 


Noveboracensis 


419 


1 


red-tailed . . 


413 


'~~ 


grallaria 


366 


— 


ochropus , . 


408 




rufous-breasted 


421 


— 


lactea 


366 


— 


orientalis . . 


404 


— 


Soree 


420 


— 


naevia 


364 


— 


phtBnicura 


413 


— 


speckled 400 


, 408 


— 


orientalis 


365 


— 


porphyrio 


425 


— 


variegated 


417 


— 


Pratincola . . 


360 


— 


Porzana 


400 


— 


violet 


424 


— 


Senegalensis 


364 


— 


purpurea . . 


419 


— 


white 


428 


— 


toniuata 


362 


— 


pusilla 


403 


— 


chinned 


410 


Glout 




409 


— 


ruficoUis 


416 


— 


yellow-breasted 


419 


Glutthuhn 


409 


— 


tortia Marcgr. 


380 


— 


. . legged 


408 


Godwit 


, American 


206 


— 


viridis 


412 


> Gambeehio 


291 


— 


Uarbary 


212 


Gallinule, Abyssinian 


409 


Gambetta color, ludens 


245 


— 


bl.ick-tailed 


210 


— 


black-backed 


427 


, Gambctte 227 


,230 


— 


Camuriilge 


239 


— . 


bellied 


416 


; Ganibcttola 


273 


_ 


common 


212 


— 


headed 


426 


Garza 


• • • • 


1 


— 


ferruginous 


211 


— 


. . jointed 


427 


— 


bianca 


S4 


1 — 


Hudsonian 


206 











VOLU.Mi: l\. 








/V/ff. 






/'««(■ 


lioilwit, lessor 




210 


Habee 


. . 


300 


iinililc'il 




'^05 


Hadeli 


e 


175 


— Meyer's 




214 


Hoeniatopus niger 


35H 


— red 


20- 


, 209 


— 


ostralegns 


35G 


— t. 11-talc 


. . 


220 


— 


toto corpora 


ligro 


— white 


212 


,218 






358 


Cioning nah 


. . 


132 


Hagedasli 


175 


Go()ni;()olii 


. , 


vm; 


. llaidei 


pfeifer 


314 


Go\v-B(iglil;i 


. . 


111 


1 — 


init Halskr. 


310 


Greenshank 




235 


Hapoh 


oera 


339 


Giinette 




3!)0 


Ueersc 


linept'e 


195 


Giive d'Eaii 


. . 


283 


Hen-cl 


ucking 


103 


Grue 


2C, 33 


— L 


md 


397 


— 11 Collier 




32 


llernietto 


24 


— blanche d'Anieri([ne 


44 


Heron, 


African 


121 


— brune 


45, 47 


— 


Agami 


123 


— dc Nuniidie 




28 


— 


ash-coloured 7 


8,80 


— tite (le negre 




2(; 


— 


Bird akin to 


183 


Grunfiiss 




404 


1 — 


black 


133 


Gms Americana 




44 


— 


. . shouldered 


129 


— Haleariea 




20 


— 


blanc 


S4 


— Canadensis 




45 


• — 


. . ii calotte noire 92 


— Capensis 




26 


— 


. . nioyen 


89 


— einerea 




33 


1 — 


. . du Mexique 


89 


— Clamator 




44 


— 


. . a manteau 


87 


— J.i|)onensis 




36 


— 


bleu HI, 


IIG 


— leucogeranus 




30 


— 


bleuiitre 


117 


— Rlexicana 




47 


— 


blue lie, 125 


, 128 


— Nuniidica 




28 


— 


. . crowned 


131 


— orientalis Indica 




31 


— 


. . headed 


131 


— jiratensis 




45 


— 


Brazilian small 


124 


Guaia 




144 


— 


brun 


126 


Guaiana 




179 


— 


. . bleuatre 


103 


Guddec 


326, 


329 


— 


Caboga 


94 


Giiignai'd 




334 


— 


eastaneous . . 


112 


Guignetta, Guignette 




2S1 


— 


chalybeate 


124 


Gujpau, Giuljiiaoun 




319 


— 


chestnut 


(JO 


Giiirdpito, Guirati 




6 


— 


Chinese 


125 


Guiratinga 




82 


— 


cinereous 


117 


Gusska 


, 


90 


— 


Cinnamon . . 


115 


Guwo 


, 


58; 


___ 


clouded 


130 


Haarschnepfe 


. 


197' 


— 


Cocoi 


125 



Heron, common .. 74 

— Coromandel 135 

— couleurde plomb 74 

— Cracra . . 133 

— crested . . 74 

— . . largest 80 

— .. purple Uy 

— Criel . . b7 

— crowned . . 26 

— Darter ., 61 

— de la B. d'Hudson 80 

— Demoiselle 28 

— dry . . . . 126 

— dusky . . 126 

— dwarf .. 113 

— ferruginous 68 

— freckled .. lol 

— Genus . . 25 

— Gibraltar ., <J4 

— grand blanc a Man- 

teau 82 

— . . d'Ameriquc SO 

— great . . 80 

— greater red . . 118 

— . . white 82, 84 

— green . . 106 

— Guiana . . 79 

— huppc . . 74 

— Indian green 109^110 

— lacteous , . 85 

— lentiginous 101 

— lepid .. 129 

— little white 89 

— Lohaujung 79 

— Louisiane 95, 108 

— Malacca .. 121 

— minute . . 72 

— New Guinea 133 

— New Zealand 128 

— night . . 56 

— . . Caledon. 59, 60 

— . . Cayenne 65 




Heron 





/'«„-,. 






t'tifit 


1 


Pitge 


niglit liardenian 


GG 


Heron, violet 


54 


1 Jacana, Chili 


589 


. . Jamaica 


(J5 


— 


wall led 


73 


' — Chinese 


301 


. . New Moll 


and G'2 




white black-crested 92 


i — faithful 


388 


. . obscure 


(i7 


— 


. . fronted 


127 


! — gemeinc 


384 


. . yell. -crow 


nedCl 


— 


.. great 


84 


j — Genusi 


384 


noir 


133 


— 


.. little 


89 


— green 


387 


Oldham's white 


247 


— 


. . throated 


130 


— Indian 


394 


ominous 


128 


— 


yellow-necked 


134 


— Luzonian 


390 


pacific 


127 


— 


winged 


132 


; — peta 


337 


painted 


123 


Himantupus 


318 


— variable 


385 


petit roux du Scncg. 


Hirur 


do marina Aldr. 


360 


' — varic du Bresil 


335 




122 




- Pratincola 


360 


1 — vert 


387 


Philippine 


105 




- riparia 


360 


— Vuppi-pi .. 


391 


pied-tail 


86 


HoacI 


li 


126 


1 Jassano 


386 


Pondicherry 


138 


Hoacton 


126 


{ laticula 


325 


Ijourpri' 


120 


Hoitzilaztoll 


89 


Jaunghill 


162 


hui)i)c 


119 


Hono 


re du bois 


102 


Ibis 


166 


|)U1 i'lc 


120 


Horseman, green-legged 


235 


— bald 


155 


putea 


85 


— 


— red-legged 


230 


— bare-faced 


146 


red 


118 


Howster 


256 


— . . headed 


160 


red-billed 


30 


Huitrier 


356 


— . . necked 


153 


, , crested 


93 


Humi 


lities 


240 


— bay 


14<2 


.. legged 


111 


Hurgill 


38 


— black 


'.66 


. . shouldered 


80 


Jabiru 


143 


— . . crested 


15? 


rouge & noir 


63 


— 


American 


14 


— . . faced 


168 


rufous 


82 


— 


Genus 


14 


— . . lieaded 


157 


rusty-crowned 


96 1 


— 


guacu 


14 


— blanc ,. 


162 


sacred 


93 


— 


Indian 


16 


— brown .. 


148 


■r.oiopaceous 


135 


— 


New Holland 


16 


— Candida 


162 


Senegal 


122 


— 


Senegal 


19 


— Cangui 


143 


Squacco 100, 111 


— 


Tetaar 


17 


— Cayenne 


145 


small wh'te 


92 


— 


white-bellied 


IS 


— Chili 


150 


snowy 


90, 91 


Jaboutra 


134 


— Coco 


149 


specious 


122 


Jacana . . 3S4 


,387 


— crested 


157 


spotted 


66, 73 


— 


African 


393 


— crying 


151 


Squaiotta 


112 


— 


armata 


3S7 


— Dbalac 


150 


streaked 


96 


— 


fuaca 


384 


— Egyptian 162j 


164 


striated 


T9 


— 


. . nigra 


386 


— • Ethiopian 


159 


Sumatran 


123 


— 


varia 


385 


— glossy . . 


154 


tigre 


104 


— 


black 


386 


— great 


156 


varie 


72 


— 


Brazilian 


387 


«— green 


154 


variegated . . 


81 


— 


chestnut 


384 : 


— grey 


150 




ill 







VOLU.MI] l\. 










/•<IC ,• 




/'"Uf 




/'.'A. 


\h\i, lesser 


151 


1 Kooniing Kaki 


221 


Meerhuhn braune grusse 


407 


— Manillii 


ISG 


Ki uinsclinabcl 


170 


^-^ geflektc 


408 


— Mexican 


146 


1 Kumtul 


83, 87 




406 


— mi mitt! 


151 


' Kurki 


28 


grunfussigc 


404 


— New Holland 


. 167 


Kybiz 


276 


Meerlerche 


286 


— noir 


166 


Kyra 


120 


Meylie 


394 


— pavonine 


162 


' Lapwing 


276' 


Miredrum 


99 


— plumbeous 


14!) 


1 — greater 


278 


Mishee-quatha-ropashisli 


307 


. — sacra 


152 


1 Lark, sand . , 


326 


Mittelschnepfe 


191 


— scarlet 


144 


\ Limosa Americana rufa 


206 1 


Modun Tiky 


43 


— Theban 


164 


— Candida 


218 


Monickjorc 


55 


— while 


148 


— Fedoa 


20(5 ' 


Moor Hen 


404 


— . . headed 


ICO 


— t'usca 


238 j 


Mooseschnepfe 


195 


— . . necked 


147 


— grisea 


235 


Morinella Americana 


306 


— wood 


141 


— . . major 


212 


Morinelle 


307 


— yellow-headed . 


166 


— melanura 


210 


Morinellus marinus 


3o<; 


Jell) kookra 


412 


: — Rleycri 


214 


Morncl .. 334, 


337 


Job poor 


65 


— rufa 


212 


Mud Hen 


371 


Joogerrera 


353 


i Loilel-reiher weisse . . 


li 


Murwal 


158 


Judcock 


197 


Loho Syren 


17 


Mycteria Americana 


14 


Jungul 


161 


1 Lol Bug 


115 


— Asiatica 


16 


Kahnschnabel 


20 


1 Luglug 


55 


— Australis 


16 


Kalloo-nagh 


305 


Mackaney 


395 


— Senegalensis 


19 


Kaloc 


425 


Madamusela 


28 


1 Nachtreiher 


56 


Kalu-kerenaka 


413 


Maguari 


53,54 


Napurka 


345 


Kanitchi 


8 


Maleykh 


18 


Night-Heron, Caledon. 5 


9,60 


Kampflialiy 


245 


Manduria 


147 


Cayenne 


(J3 


Kanutsvogel 


256 


Maruetta 


400 




6;5 


Kautsaninga 


161 


Masarino 


142 


N. Holland 


62 


Kaychul 


J65, 366 


Mat kern 


408 


yell, crowned 64 


Keeyo 


297 


Matkneltzel 


408 


Night-Ruven 


56 


Keuvitt 


199 


Matook 


12B 


Nimm'irsatt rothe . . 


144 


Kliyree Bok 


115 


: Matuiti 


150 


Nilticorace 


56 


Kiebiss gefleckte 


269, 283 


Maubeche 


260 


Numenius 


170 


— graue 


267 


— grise 


255 


1 — Africanus 


181 


— rothbenige , 


. 279 


— tachet6c 


'^59 


1 — alba varia 


212 


Kildir 


315 


Mbatui, 11 longs jambes 


319 


— American, fuscu 


;179 


Kiolo 


421 


', Mbatuitui a collier noir 


325 


— . . majoi 


141 


Kireeatee 


. 274 


11 poitrinerayee 313 


— , . minoi 


• 150 


Kisqua the napi shish 


326 


armc 


349 


— Arquata 


170 


Knot 


256 


: Meeralster 


356 


— borealis 


180 


Koolung, Colong 


35,37 


1 Meerhuhn braune 


406 


— Brazilien. candid. 148 



■; I 



W' 



I t 



.- ti 









VOLUMi; l\. 














P,IU, 


1 


P'lU, 






/yar 


Nunienius Brazil, coccin. 


14\ 


i Parra Braziliensis 


. 387 


Plover, black-headed 


344 


— 


fuscus 


148 


■ — Chavaria 


3SS 


— 


. . throated 


330 


— 


castaneus 


15'2 


— Clilensis 


389 


i — 


bridled 


342 


- 


cinereiis 


180 


1 , 
— - Jscana 


384 


— 


brown 


342 


-— 


coccineus Sinen. 144 


— Indica 


"94 


[ — 


Cayenne 


34!) 


— 


Guarauna 


170 


' — Luzoniensis 


393 


— 


chattering 


316 


— 


holoseiiceus 


ICG 


— nigra .. 


3&U 


— 


chestnut-breasted 324 


— 


Huds.>nicU3 


178 


i — Sencgalla 


302 


— 


collared 


. 317 


— 


igneu3 


154 


— Sinensis 


301 


— 


Coroiiiandel 


353 


— 


leucoceplialu3 


175 


— sujicrciliosa 


394 


— 


Courland 


333 


— 


Luzoniensis 


174 


! — variabilis 


385 


— 


cream-coloure 


J 351 


— 


IMailagascarien 


173 


— viridis 


387 


— 


Ciironian 


324 


— 


niagnus rufus 


172 


Pauncli Caprca 


17 


— 


dotterel 


3S4 


— 


major fuscus 


179 


Pavoncella 


245 ' 


— 


dusky 


339 


— 


McKicaniis 


i4f; 


Paupakapatesew 


401 


— 


dwari' 


350 


— 


minor 


177 


Paxaro pclcador 


245 


— 


Egyptian 


331 


— 


nipcr 


141 


Peacock 


26 


— 


fnlvous 


339 


— 


pcctore rufo 


207 


Peewa 


392 




golden 


311 


— . 


Piia-oD'.s 


17« 


Pol, war 


393 


__ 


(icnus 


311 


— 


pygn:rcus 


181 


Pelican, wood 


141 


— 


great-billed , 


341 


— 


s ibaiiuilus 


152 


Pengung 


200 




greater of Aid 


•nv. 236 


— 


Tahiticnsis 


175 


Perdrix ile Mer 


360, 363 


— 


green 


311,312 




vii'iilis lo'i, 
Americana 


154 
200 


.'. „„ii;. 


■r 362 , 
364 




. . headed 
gregarious 


346 
324 


Niimiilia 


brune 


__ 


Oiseau-royal 


IG 


PfeiferCioldrcgen 


312 





grisled 


. 342 


Ombiette 


. . 


23 


Pfuhlsclincpfe 


210 


— 


high-legged 


320 


Onoie la) 


c 103, 


104 


Pica marina 


356 


— 


hooded 


349 


Opel-opellan 


4O0' 


Pindaram eoli 


425 


— 


Indian 


. 343 


Oitygometra 


397 


Piviere 


312 


— 


Kentish 


328 


OsUalega 


. . 


,i5(i 


Plataica Ajaja 


5 


— 


long-legged . 


. 317 


Ox Bird 


162 


287 


k'ucorodia . 


. ■ li 


— 


Luzon ian 


. 332 


Oysler-ca 


teller, black 


358 


, pygnioa 


7 


— 


IMongolian 


338 




— ^ 111' MJlf*KP(l 


358 
559 


Platca rosea 

— vel Pelecanus 


• ^! 




New Holland 
New Zealand 


332 
338 




\ Mdll'iiu 







■"^ i.'l I t lUllilIlL 




_ tllPfl 


35C 


Plcvicr Grauwe 


323 1 


— 


noisy 


315 




"~~ IMCll 


Palaniedea comma 


8 


Plover, Alexandrine 


330, 332 I 


— 


red -eyed 


344 


— 


cristuta 


13 


! — Alwargrini 


314 


— 


. . necked . 


341 


Pampaiai 


. . 


129 


— Asiatic 


338 


— 


ringed 


3«!5, 327 


Faon do Mcr 


245 


— black-bellied 


314 


— 


ruddy 


323 


— des 


roses petit 


243 


— . . breasted 


Indian i 


— 


rusty-crowned 


333 


Hard 


• ■ 


243 




34/ \ 


— 


Sanderling 


. 32 1 


Paira AL 


cana 


393 


— .. crowned 


346 ' 


— 


Siberian 


331 



VOMJ.M!: i\. 



i'io\cr, si'.ottcd . . 314 

— .si)ur-\vini;T(l ;31(J,;il!) 

— Tickst'c. . . ;! I.i 

— waltk'd . . ;j() ; 

— whitL'-lH'llied 34it 

— Wilson s . . 'M<t 

— wriMllud . . 313 
rinvialisSi'C'cios .. '281 

aurea tVcli Hiuls. 314 

. . iniiidr 31*2 

cinoiea . . -'i? 

Doininic. ;iiiina 313 

.. t()r(|iKita 310" 

t'x fusto 8i all)i» variu 

317 

.lamaici'iihis tore). 317 

iiuijor . . -3,") 

Moriiulliid tlavesccns 

3:)1 

I'Li.'ica cristata . I* 

Scncgalensis aiiuata 

34(1 

t()i(|iiala minor 3'24 

Viiyiiiiaiia {tAi.\. '.i\'t 

viiidis 31'i 

I'luviaii du Si'iicgal 344 

Pluufi I Collier ;{'25, 330 

— . . do St. Doinin. 

31G 

— . . pitit do Lti/.on 

33'2 

— .. iiiioriiiiiij) 328 

— 1. lam'jcaux 303 

— ainiij du Cayenne 34!) 

— . . du Senei^al ;!47 

— coifie du Senc{j,al 311) 

— couronni du Cap 343 

— dorr .. .. 3ia 

— .. a gorge noire 314 

— huppi tie Perse 347 

— petit 324, 334 

— . . ii collier 3'24 







/'ii)iY 1 






i'lrgr 


I\)lio|)ii.s 


. . 


399 


Hail 


377 


397 


Pool snij) 




227 


— handed 




376 


P' r|ihyri( 


IVeti Hudsonis 


420 


— Barbary 




3S<i 




I'lHC us 


409 


— black 








380 




ii_vacinthinu3 


424 


— blue-necked 




377 


1 


Indieus 


425' 


— brown 




376 


i 


Madagase. 


41ll 


— Cape 




377 




nu'lanoee|)lialu3 420" 


— Ceylon . . 




379 




inelanotus 


427 


— Clapper 




371 




nunor 


417 


— dark 




378 




n!c\iurt 


399 


— doubtful 




382 






])unctulatus 


408 


— dusky 




381 


' 


rufescens 


397 


— dwarf 




403 




rufus 
viridis 


4()H 
412 


— fascia ted 

— four-streaked 




383 
370 


— ■ 




Por/ane 


. . 


40S 


— (ionus 




307 


Porzanoiio 


404 


— giilar 




370 


Pos-i-er rc!- 


ser 


334 


— Italian .. 




407 


Poiiacre 


. . 


0-g! 


— little 




423 


Poule d'E 


au 


404 ! 

407 


— long-billed 

— Madras . . 




382 
411 




~ gi untie 




Poulette ( 


I'Eau 


4()G 


— New Hollaiul 




369 


PratincoJa 


3C0 


— Otabeite 




381 


Pratincoli 


\, Austrian 


3C>0 


— pacilic 




379 




Australasian 


3«(j 


— Pbilippine 


3 


73,5 




cinereous 


:^(i5 


— red -breasted 




377 




collared 


302 ' 


— rufous 




37s 




Coroiimndel 


303 


— . . headed 




379 




creain-colour 


3G(; 


— Sandwich 




381 




Madras 


363 


— Tabuau 




380 




I\Ialdi\ian 


363 


— troglodyte 


372 


37a 




oriental 


365 


— Virginian 








370 




Senegal 


364 


— water 




367 




spotted 


364 


Rule .1 ventre roux 




422 


1 Purliong 


udang 


123 


— Bidi-Bidi 


, , 


422 


' Purre 


286 


287 


— brun des Philippines 


376 


'i Fusipiati? 


dshuc 


208 


— d'Eau 


.. 


307 


i Putca Buiiala 

1 ~ 


80 


— . . j)ctite 




400 


! Qua Bird 


. . 


58 


— de Genet 


, 


397 


j Oucrkey 


. • 


29 


— de Virginia 




420 


1 jyuer-ipicr 


300 


— des Philippines 


373 


375 


jQuoimeau 




71 


— petit lie Cayenne 




423 







M.ii\ 







Page 


Rule 


tiu-lieti' tie CiiyiMuie 


417 


Knlliis iiltcr 


400 


-_ 


il(|llutilMl?. !}()7 


, 400 


— _ 


iiiistrali^ 


37-2 


— 


Bail).ui('ns 


382 


_ 


I}i'iiL(iik'ik>>is .. 


200 


1 


caenilc'sfeiis 


;]77 


— 


Capeiisis 


377 


— . 


Caiormensis 


420 


— 


C.U alR'll^is 


421 


— 


crepitans 


371 


— 


Crex 


300 


— 


(lit;itistriiiiicialiljus3S5 


_- 


duljiiis 


382 


— 


fasciatus 


383 


^ 


iV'rni<,'iiit'iis ,. 


377 


... 


fuscus 


370 


_- 


gularis 


370 


— 


JainaiciMisis ,. 


422 


__ 


Italoniin 


400 


— - 


loD'firostiis .. 


382 


— 


major hiil)C;erulen 


U20 


^^^ 


mimitus 


423 


— 


llli^lM 


380 


_ 


obscunis 


381 


_ 


paciCicns 


379 


_ 


parvus 


403 


— 


I'oiisylvaiiiciis 


370 


— 


plinLMiicnrus 


413 


, 


Philippeiisis 


373 


... 


striatii- 


374 


_ 


Poizaua 


400 


__ 


pwsilliis 


403 



VOLUME IX. 

Rallus Viioiiiiiuius 370,420 

— Zi'vloriiriis 3*0 

lU'ciirvi rostra himiintoMiis 31S 

ncdellu gua-lia .. :A)~ 

Kudsliaiik . . . ■:'•>- 

— spiitteil 

— vvliite 
Uegeiischiiepie 
lluj^envogtl 
lli'^'liius iioiiiitilliiriuii 
Reij^er 
Reilier Ijraiiii rotliir 



castaiiii'ii braiiiie 
HeHeckte 
;;c'iiuiiie 
j^estriclieliL' ,. 
j;lattkopfigL' purpiir 



-/ 
239 
229 

2.-;-') 

177 

231 

U74 

82 
(10 

74 
71 



Sanil 



)i|i. 



— (|na(lristvi^atiis 370 

— rufus Aiiiericaiiiis 414 
Saiiilwii'enhis 381 

— st rial us , . 374 
_ TahiKiisis .. 380 

— Taitiensis .. 381 
t( rrL'stris Anier. 420 

— tort|uatiis .. 370 

— troglodytes .. 372 



120 

— ii;raue .. oG 

— i;rosse .-idljer 82 

— f;rosse weissij 84 

— kliiiR' sllbi'r 87 

— WAWn .. 112 

— Scliw;il)i>clit' I 1.') 

Rliyiichaea .. 199. 2(/:j 

Rolirdonimel (18, 97 

Roi (ks Caillcs .. 397 

Rotk.iussil .. .. 3(i4 

RulV & Reeve .. 24.> 

Rutnis .. ,. 118 

Riiiieiiii .. ,, 412 

RullVy .. .. 118 

Saginalis .. 220,288 

Siiiiiak-uclieclKiuk 4") 

SaM(laii^;-lawe . . 7i\ 

S.inderliu- 280 ,321 

— spottid 323 
Saiidliiiliii iiiit dciii lialsb. 302 

— ocsterreiclil.selie 300 
Saiidlauler kleiuo 281 

Sandpiper, Aherdem 2(:1 

— aciiiniiiatrd 290 



■r, armed 

asii-coloured 

Asiatic 

IJartraiu's 

Ijiloliate 

l.'.aek .. 

hacked 
headed 
sided 
.. tail. (I 

13 o real 

hrowii 

eared 

Cayenne 

Ceylon 

connnon 

ereseent 

friuis.-k'Lffii'd 

Dunlin 

dusky 

easttrn 

e(|nebtria'.i 

faseiated 

fVeekled 

(ienus 

Goa 

tireeji 

(.iiTeliU i( li 

.:; rey 

lesser 

i^risk.l 

(it!)ridal 

.la\an 

Indian 

Knot 



— L 



.ipwnii^' 



lesser yrey 
little .'. 
Louisiane 
Ntwroiindiant 
New Holland 
Niw ^"ork 



Pa ft 

3(»i 
25.'i 

297 
203 
•••03 
21 ij; 
252 
280 
298 
201 
2iV'» 
294 
253 

;;(io 

297 
281 
29! > 
279 
288 
200 
295 
249 
29r> 
259 
244 
304 
273 
248 
207 
271 
255 
30') 
297 
250 
25(i 
270 
271 
291 
301 
!285 
254 
284 



VOLUME IX. 



PuK 



Piige 



■~;iiul piper, iioitlicni 

— p:ici(ic 

— ptMCi^riiie 



294 |! Sasqne pisqua nisliisli 250 



>arui 



291) |l Siivucou 

209 !■ Scliiiarre NA'iLa 



20 
397 



— 1' 

— I' 



iiayi'tliirn 



W 



Quebec 



2()0 

2S() 



■25:J 



25G, 201 
289 



— . , hiicked 

— .. breasted 202 

— .. le--e(l 279 

— .. necked 290 

— lluli' .. 2lo ! 

— rut'ous-t-potted 204 

— Shu .. 205 

— Sel 111 liner 205, '.'G(> 

— semipaliiiattd 29u ! 



Sauracc, Serass, Cyrus 32, 1^7 

3C0 

2:J8 



Sel 



nuple 

— diiiikel Itraui 

— puiutirte 

— rotlilnuiclii'^e 
— • rotlitussiije 



'-'01 



— Sir 

— wald 



d 



2:39, 240 

ISO 



Seiireyeiide Ueyeiipic il'er 315 



Sell 



ey( 



Seiie^^al 




302 


sliorc 




247 


Siberian 




295 


sleiider-billt 


d 


297 


southern 




259 


spotted 




283 



streaked 
striated 



284 
232 

— Swiss , . 270 

— Teniniiiick's 291 

— Toba-o .. 283 

— Turnstone 300,307 



Indi 



riegi 



UIKlUl 



ited 
ited 



— uiiil'orni 

— wattled 



309 
2S5 
254 
255 
305 



— wliite-headed 252 

— .. taib.d 299 

— .. winded 290 

— wood 273, 275 

— yellow-legjred 207 



240 



Seoiopax .Egocepliala 



AlVieaiia 

alba 

Auier. rufa 

Arquata 

atra 

australis 

Uelgica 

borealis 

calidris , 



— candid 



315 
212 
181 
218 
190 
170 
191 
242 
209 
ISO 
227 
190, 229 



canescens 



"— Cantab 
— Cape 



riKiensis 



— C 



ayau'-'iisis 



e\iroiiica 



Fedc 



laviijcs 



fusca 
Galli 



— C 



iailii)a';o 



— Gallinulii 



— c; 



lottis 



— C 



luarnuna 



— Ilelias 

— [ludsonicus 



«— incaiia 



220 

239 

198 

194 

241 j 

241 I 

205, 200 

. . 234 

. . 238 

191 

195 

197 

.. 235 

210 

179 

. . 243 

200 

237 



Scolopax Indica 

— Lappoiiica 

— leutoeeplmln 

— ieucoplia'a 

— Liiiiosa 

— loii^irostra 

— Luzoniensis 

— Madaj^ascar. 

— lMaderah|)at. 

— major 



Pagt 

204 
207 
175 
212 

209 
172 
174 
173 

203 
19! 

inaruiorata 205 

media 191, 195 

nielaiioleuca 22() 
minor .. 190 

.. a! bus 229 

nigra .. 217 

Nnveboracensis 215 
nutuus . . 225 
paludosa ., 193 
plieenpiij . . 17() 
pica . . 350 

pusilia . . 288 
pyginaea ,. 181 
llusticola 186 

saturata .. 204 
semi pal mata 223 
Sinensis . . 203 
subarquata 181 

Taliitieusis 175 

Terek ., 241 

Totanus227,234,239 
220 



— vociferus 
Scopus Und)retta 
Screamer, Cliuja 

— crested 
—• horned . 

Sguacco 109,110,111 

— black-lieaded 1 14 
Sheathbill 
Sichelsclmabler 
Sirseea, Sisseea 
Smirring , . , 



23 
10 
12 

8 



430 
152 

282 
408 




^iiilili 



ill i 










VOLUME i.\ 


. 














fase 




22G ' 








/'(/l:r 


Snipe, 


ash-coloured 


237 ' 


Snipe, stone 


St 


andl 


uifer gcmeine 


281 




ash-lieaded 
Asiatic 


220 
222 


— striated 

— Surma 


231 
221 






— « (rriitip 


200 
291 








— Ulcine 


■~" 








Ulu'goiidee 


219 


— Terek 


. 241 j 






til 1 n /I t ■ ■•# <t 


273 


■ " 




—^ puiiciiiic 


— 


black 


217 1 


— nhite-runuicd 


233 ' 




■ 


— schwartze 


217 


— 


. . breasted 


202 


— ycllow-slianke( 


234 


St 


■and- 


pfeiFir 


325 




brown 


216 


Soco 


102, 105 






. 


318 


^■^ 




• reuter 




Biirka 


194 


Sohna 


392 








239 


~~" 








Cape 198,200,201 


,203 


Soldado 


14 ' 






.^^^—. triit} tt ii\ 


"^^ 




-" — . . geiL ^-iii 


— 


Caurale 


243 


Soobuke 


58 


St 


■ei)-ii 


us collaris 


300 


— . 


C'awnporc 


220 


Soorkeea 


HI ■ 


Sultana 




425 


— 


Cayenne 


194 


Soorma.Surba, Surma 70,222 


Sun-ck 


ee 


329 


— . 


Ciiincse 


203 


Sorce 


420 


Si 


rdid, 


Sookdcl 


392 


— 


cinereous 


220 


Sotirbey, Sourly 


1S2 


Swallow Sea of Aldrov, 3(J0 


— 


common 


195 


S])atule 


. 1,5 


■l\ 


dcve 


de Madagasc. 


425 


_ 


Courland 


241 


— blanche de Lu(, on 4 


[n 


mtrtle 


. . 


141, 100 


— 


dusky 


238 


— couleur dc ro 


:,C 5 


>' 


mtaii 


s /Etliiopicus 


159 


— 


Fin mark 


197 


Spoonbill, or Pelican 


I) 


1 


— 


albicollis . 


147 


— 


Gambet 


230 


— dwarf 


7 


i 


— 


albus 


148 


— 


Genus 


185 


— Lu7.onian 


4 




— 


calvus 


155 


— 


Cetera 


237 


1 — roseate 


5 




— 


Cayanensis 


145 


— 


great 


191 


I — scarlet 







— - 


Coco 


149 


— 


Greenshank 


235 


— Surinagur 


6 




— 


cristatus 


. 157 


— 


grey large 


317 


— ^vhite 


.. 1,5 




— 


Falcinellus 


152 


— 


Jack 


197 


1 Squaiotta 


112 




— 


f'u>CU9 


148 


— 


Jadreka 


209 


Steindreher 


300", 350 




— 


(iangcticus 


100 


— 


Javan 


221 


Sterki 


31 




— 


giiseus 


150 


— 


Indian white 


204 


Sri-bonibo 


411 




. — 


Ibis 


102 


— 


least 


280 


Stilt 


320 




— 


igneus 


154 


— 


Madras 


203 


Stint 


2HG 




— 


leucoccphulus KJO 


— 


New Holland 


242 


Storch schwarze 


51 




— 


Loculator 


141 


— 


nodding 


225 


— weisse 


48 




— 


Manillensij 


150 


— 


pait ridge 


203 


Stork, American 


53 




>— 


nu'hinoccphLihis 157 


— 


rcd-brcastcd 215 


, 21(; 


— black 


51 




— 


niehmops 


108 


— 


Redaliank 


227 


— glossy 


53 




— 


.'litxicanus 


140 


— 


Rhenish 


217 


— head of 


14 




— 


niinutus 


151 


— 


rufous-breasted 


217 


— Inillan head 


14 




— 


nigcr 


160 


— 


saturated 


204 


— violet 


54 




— 


pavonius 


102 


— 


scniipalmated 


223 


— • white 


48 


1 


— 


j)ictU5 


151 


— 


Siame^c 


202 


StrandlauTcr 


217 


1 


— 


pi 11 us 


150 




spotted 239 
stagnatile 


, 240 
234 




288 
lie 255 






ruber 
viridia 


141 
154 


_ 


A^chgra 




— 











VDLIIMK r 














/'l.M 


1 




/'»:<■ 






/>*«■ 


Tarabuso 


97 


Tolamis vorifcius 


220 


Tring 


I minor candicans 


291 


Tariii i)ittiih 


ICJ 


; Tournc])ierr(; 


30(; 


— 


niinuta 


291 


Ta\:igu 


guiia 


5!) 


Touyouvou 


14 


— 


Morinella 


207 


TiTck 




304 


Tic 




36'() 


_ 


nxvia 


259 


Torock 


liiuloyam, &i' 


17'2 


Tringa AUIrovandi 


. 273 


nigrieans 


265 


IVnittii) 


^00 


1 


ali)ina 


288 


— 


N'ovoboracensis 


284 


'IVlii.ir 


. . 


17 


1 — 


aronaria 


. 271 




noMc tcrrae 


285 


Tel 6 




■20(3 


— 


atra 


280 




oohroinis 


273 


Tetliari 


, Tuitliuiy 


S04 





auiita 


253 


— 


platyrhincha 


181 


Tcltii 




3(K) 


— 


australis 


259 


— 


pugnax 


245 


Tu'v ica 




175 


— 


liaitraniiiC 


203 


— 


jjusilla 


291 


'i'ickliii 


,1 collior 


37<J 


— 


R(in.)uiensi.s 


279 


— 


rufa 


202 


— 


bnin 


37« 


__ 


borcalis 


285 


— 


rulicollis 


290 


— 


ray.' 


374 


— 


caliili'is 


2G0 


— 


scnii[)almata 


293 


Tikussan 


370 


— 


Canadensis 


253 ^ 


— 


Senegalla 


302 


Tilt 




3'20 


— 


Canutus 


. 257 


— 


solitaiia 


275 


Tlauluj 


iioclinl 


5 


' 


Cayancnsis 


300 


— 


sordide flava, &c. 


254 


Tocliia 


or 


301) 




Ciiielus 


280 


— 


s|)()lled 


2SS 


T()(iiiic()yoll . . 


47 


— 


cinerea 


255 


— 


S([uatarola 


207 


Torclo golbiiiiinu 


309 


— 


equcstris 


249 


— 


striata 


231 


Torowt 




29G 


1 


crythropus 


. 270 


— 


subarquata 


181 


Totalar 


, Tomtoninia 


\ 134 


— 


fasciata 


295 


— 


Temminckii 


291 


Totanus acuminatus 


290 


I — 


ferruginea 


201 


— 


tertia AUIrovandi 


287 


— 


allinis 


270 


i 


fusca 241, 


294, 304 


— 


Vanellus 


270 


— 


Dart ram ix 


26'3 


— 


fianibetta 


227, 230 


— 


varia 


269 


— 


Bcngaleusis 


200 


1 — 


GlarDola 


. 275 


— 


variabilis 280 


,288 


— 


cincreus 


247 


— 


Goonsis 


304 


— 


varicgata 230 


285 


— 


Dauiaccnsis 


297 


1 — 


Gi'cnovicensia 


248 


— 


virgata 


284 


— 


ilaviijcs 


234 


, 


grisca 


255 




undata 


254 


— 


fuse us 


242 


1 __ 


Hohetica 


. 270 




luiifurmis 


255 


— 


Glareola 


275 


1 


1 [ypoloucos 


281 


Trinil 


270, 283 


296 


— 


Glottis 


235 




Iiitcrprcs 


300 


Trull 


< * 


314 


— 


IIy|ioleucos 


2S1 


— 


Island iea 


201 


Turdus aquaticus 


283 


— 


Javanicus 


297 





Kcptuschca 


295 


Turns 


tone . 300, 


307 


— 


niac'ularia 


283 


— 


loucoptera 


290 




— Indian 


309 


— 


luuvius 


232 


— 


Lincolniensis 


200 1 




— marbled 


310 


— 


t)cluoi)U3 


. 273 


— 


loi)ata 


304 1 


T/.CW- 


ting-lia 


31 


— 


rubor 


230 


— 


Ludovieiana 


301 j 


Vaginali-s alba 


430 


— 


ecmiiialmatus 


223 


— 


niacularia 


283 ; 




Cliionis 


430 


— 


sta!z;natilis . 


i54 




niaeulata 


!83, 408 


Vancllus Bononicnsis 


279 


— 


striatus 


231 


_ 


niaritiuia 


205 




- cristatus 


270 


— 


teimirostris 


297 


— 


minor 


281 




■ griseus 


2G7 





^^^^^■^B^' ^ 




^^^^^^^Bli ' 


1 


■) ' 



VOLUME I.V. 







Ptine 


1 


J'nit c 


Vancllus 


Ilclveticui 


'270 


' VVaclitel Koinig 397 


,404 




Liuloviciunus 


300 


, \\'ad(leigid . . 


322 




nu-lanogastur 


'i(;7 


Wagtaif 


2S6 




Sciicgalensis 


30'2 


W'ak 


58 




tricolor 


303 


\Va])a\v-ucliccha\vk 


44 





varius 


'2G9 


Wahsciiiuhn 


406 


Vanneau 


. . 


9.-0 


Wassenalle grosse . . 


367 




annt' de Cayenne 300 


niittlerc 


400 




de la Loui 


i.30l 


Wassei'wuchapesliew 


214 




. . des Indes 


304 


i VValer-licn Auicr. little 


420 




. . du Senega 


I 30^2 


1 Barbary 


352 




de Suisse 


2-0 


' Brazilian 384 


, 386 




Pluvier 


2(37 


common 


404 


Vclvet-runnei' 


368 


green-footed 


407 


Uett . . 


. . • • 


302 


red-tailed 


413 


Unibre, tufted 


23 


—— spur-winged 


384 


Ungan 


■ • 


76 


Water Rail . . 367i 


370 


Vogel blau 


425 




200 




Upi-upian 


130 




Vuppi-pi 


Jacana 


391 


VVLissen-schnarre 


397 



Whimbrel 



Brazilian 



Pngr 

.. 176 
179 

233, 234 
341 



VViU-willet 
VVoal-woo-a . . 
N^'oodcock 

little 

Savanna 

spotted 

Yahana blanc & bleu 412, 417 

- .. &bninrousse419 

- proprcment dit 404 
Yarwbip, Yarwlielp 
Yellow-legs 
Yohual quachili 
Ypacaha :i fate noire 

- fiourcils blancs 423 

brun , , 370 

noiratrc ,. 415 

proprcment dit 415 

varii; 400, 417 



186 
190 
193 
240 



214 
240 

384 
420 



i: ^ 



1 


1 '!- 


i 

tin 



f 


n1 


-ill 


iiiii 



VOLUME X. 





/'r:.; f 






I'oge 


Abbe .1 longuo r|uoiie 


1G4 


Alk 


artiichu 


59 


— oil sterconiire 


IG(J 


— 


K!stc-r . . 


65 


AbuiiiL'ie 


116 


Anas acuta 


337 


.\c(i()in-oo-sliisIi 


2 


— 


adunca 


293 


-Ediir 


'2(i5 


— 


yl'-gyptiaca 


. 214 


AkoobL'-kceask 


138 


— 


ajstiva 


361 


Albatros, black 


54 


— 


Africana 


354 


. . billed 


54 


— 


Alandica 


. 377 


cliocolutc 


52 


— 


albeola 


314 


tie la Chine 


52 


— 


all)ifroiis 


. 254 


sooty 


54 


— 


Alcxandrina 


378 


wandeiing 


48 


— 


Americana 


328 




owed 54 


— 


Arabica 


378 




yell()\v-nosc( 


52 ' 

j 


— 


Anser 


250 


AlcaAIJL- 


70 1 


— 


antarctica 


328 


— aiitiqua 


70 


— 


arborea 


. 297 


— arclica 


58, 62 ' 


— 


arctica 


58 


— cirrhata 


. 57! 


— 


at rata 


224 


— ciistatella 


67' 


— 


aiitumnalis 


296 


— deleta 


58 


"~" 


Bahanicnsis 


308 


— Hoieri 


63 


^_^ 


Beringii 


. 257 


— iiii])rnnis 


55 




Bernicia 


259 


— Indica 


62 




borcalis 


. 257 


- — Labradora 


62 


— 


Boschas 


286 


— major 


55 


— 


major 


248 


— minor 


65 


— 


brachyptera 


226 


— Pica 


65 


— 


Branta 


. 257 


— ])sitlac'wla 


6i) 


— 


Biaziliensis 


309 


— )iyginea 


• ^'- i 


— 


Biimond 


281 


— tctracula 


. 68 


— 


Bucepliala 


. 3i4 


— torda 


63 


— 


Biili)ul 


369 


— uniaulcata 


65 


— 


ca;ruIoscons 


232 


Alcalraz 


402, 409 


■— 


cana 


. 245 


Alecfura 


455 


— 


Canadensis ' 


238 


Alimonty 


192 


— 


Capenbis 


. 327 


Alk 


63 


— 


capite rufo niaj( 


r 359 



Anas Carolinensis 371 

— curyophyllacca 343 

— Casarca 248, 254 

— caudacuta 337, 339 

— Chinens. reg. oc. virid. 

376 

— cinerascena . . 278 

— cinerea 226, 278 

— Circia 364, 365 

— Clangula .. 346 

— cly|H'ata .. 310 

— Coromandeliana 374 

— Coscorobu . . 228 

— Crecca 367, 371 

— criitatu 349,357,359 

— . . flavescens 359 

— curvirostra . . 295 

— c\gnoide3 236, 237 

— C'vgnus . . 215 

— . . niansuetus 220 

— Damiatica .. 236 

— dihcors 213, 302 

— dispar . . 342 

— donicslica . . 290 

— Dominicana 317, 372 

— crytlirocephala 333 

— crylliropus 254, 257 

— erytlirorynchos 308 

— falcaria ., 321 

— falcata .. 321 

— fasciata .. 331 

— fera 286,312 

— . . mcnto cinnabarino 

296 

- .. Mexicana 312 

— . . secunda 292 



h: 




m 


q 


ii 




i^UU 


^ 




li 


1 


1' 


1 



VOLUME X. 



Anns 





Pun ,■ 






P.'Ur 




fi'rina 


33'2 


Anas 


lt'Ui'i)ii-is 


257 


Anas 


fonuiiinca 


3:. (J , 


— 


loiu.'(i|)tc'ia 


228 


— 


li^ttilaiis 


3'23 1 


— 


lriic()i)tlialn)(i3 


354 


— 


AiiiiTicana 2!)'» j[ 


— 


I.ib_\tM 


'208 


— 


cii'itata 


3r)i) 


— 


loiigicaiula 


337! 


— 


Jaiiiaic 


2tt7 i 


— 


Islaiuiica33y ] 


— 


forinosa 


375 1 


— 


liiiida 


377 1 


— 


fiit'iiata 


3(10 


— 


Rlailagascariensis 


373 ' 


- 


l-'iiligula 3 


49, 35'> 


— 


Magellanica '231 


, 232 j! — 


f'ulva 


335 ! 


— 


nialacorliynchos 


332 !J — 


fusca 


'27!> ! — 


Manilk'iisis 


375 i - 


I'uscescens 


'284 '! — 


niarila 


20!) 




galciiculata 


303 1 — 


imlaiicoryplia 


223 




Gaiubensis 


'241 1 — 


nu'lan()ci'|)liala 


223 ii - 


Gattair 


37!i:i — 


iiK'lanoleuca 


225 ! — 


GL'ori.';ira 


'274,, - 


iiu'laiiotos 


240 ; - 


ghicialis 


33<J — 


inolaiuira 


32(i ji — 


Glaucioii 


34(i i! — 


nu'inbranacca 


321 ' — 


glocilana 


330 — 


jMcrianaj 


211 i — 


GiiR'liiii 


377 — 


iiicija 


315 — 


giamlis 


'235 ;, — 


niigratoria 


371 j, — 


Hulaingen 


'258 • — 


iiiiiior picla 


318 j: — 


iliiia 


37(i — 


iiiiiiula 


282 j, — 


hibtrionica 


<2hl — 


mollij-iina 


202 ! — 


liybcrna 


344 : — 


nioii-icha 


272 ' — 


firm. 


244 — 


inoiitiina 


24(; tl — 


mas 


2'J!) : — 


iiio-c'liata 


20-8 'i — 


liybiida 


227 ^ — 


imiscaria 


312 1 — 


livcnialis 


33:) 1 — 


iiigi r minor 


27fi:: — 


liy|ierl)orea 


234 — 


nigra 27 


),27(; 1 — 


Jacquini 


337 I — 


.. fivliHudsonis275 1 — 


Jaiiniccnsis 


. 314 |l _ 


. . major 


27!) li — 


Javaiiica 


. 323 i — 


. . maxima 


275 |! - 


Iiulica 


<242 :i • 


. . ull. nova 


29!) 


1 - 


Gesncri 


2»JS ,': — 


nigricoUia 


223 


— 


I=lanclica 


3C0 i ^ 


iiilotica 


270 


i 

ii 


jubata 


. 357 


1 


nivalis 


234 1 — 


Kaku?lika 


378 


1 


nov. llispanis 


348 — 


Kogolka 


. . 3'2C 


— 


nov. '/calandia3 


35fj j — 


Labiadora 


318 


— 


Nyroca 


355 j — 


latiiostra 


310, 353 


<— 


obbcuia 


36'o|j — 


k'ucocephala 


315, 31G 





occidua 


342 


11 _ 



Piiec 

Olor . . 220 

I'ahimb. forte refer. 259 

Poni'lojic . . 323 

peiogiiiia ,. 34'> 

|)eraijicill:ita ,. 275 

liicta . . '230 
Ijlatyihjnclios 310,320 

I'lutonia . . 224 

])()i'cil()rliynclia 285 

|iiinci|ialis mncul. 2S1 

Quaeula . . 303 

Ouerqnedula 3(;5 

major 323 

minor 3(i7 

rcgia . . 274 

lUiyiuliotis . . ;j|3 

rostro inciirvo 293 

rubi'iis .. 3i;{ 

rubidiis .. 319 

iubrii.a])illa . . 200 
lufa 335, 350" 
ruficoUis 247, 335 

nifina ,. 359 

rutila .. 248 

Sancli CuthbertI 2(i2 

Sau Sarai . . .'573 

Scandiaca . . 353 

Scarchir . . 378 

Scgetimi . . 255 

semipalmata . . 295 

Sirs I ir .. 3'J9 

Sparrmanni . . 377 

sjicctabilis . . 2G6 

■ spinosa . . 372 
sponsa .. 301 

• stelieri . . 342 
strepcia .. 3.0 

■ subterranca . . 299 

• feuperciiiosa . , 327 

■ sjlvestris .. 255 
Brazil. 208 

. Tadorna . . 304 



I'll fit 

Anas torquafa ^81,'2S4 

— turrida .. -t31 

— vaiicgafa .. 'Z'lS) 

— Valisneiia .. 3^7 

— viduata .. 31G 

— \iii'sccns .. 310 

— virgata . . 30U 
Anatra Canoiie Doniiiiic. 3 13 

■liy, -152 
black-bellied 451 

de Cayenne 451 

nielanogastra 451 



Aplenodytcs ni'nor 

IMolinte 

Papua 

Putaclionica 



Aniiinga 



torqiiata 

Apterix australis 
— southern 
Arctic Bird . . 
Ai'dea exotica aurita 
Ainauik, or Sioraitak 
Arsefoot 
Am 
noir de Cayenne 454 J! Aj3ee-mo(iua 



- roux dii Senegal 453 
Anitra .. .. 2SC 

- nnita . . 2()8 
Anscr Bassanus . . 43'2 

— Branta "234, 2C0 

— Brantagiiseaniacul. 257 

— Clulensis .. 241 

— Cyghoides . . 237 

— fiiscus maculatus 255 

— guincensis . . 236 

— Hudsonis . . 2GC 

— hyperboiTtts . . 239 

— lanuginosus .. 262 

— RIagellanicus Clusii 381 

— niveus . . 234 

— Russicus . . 237 

— septentiionalis 202 

— .... sylvestris255 

— vulgaris . . 251 
Anseii Bassano congener 

439, 441 
Aptenodytes antaictica 382 

australis 394 

Catarractes 3SG 

Chilensis 393 

Chilocnsis 388 

chrysocome 385 

deniersa 381 

Magcllanica 383 



Assik 

Athinuc-mociua 
Auk, antient 

— black-billed 

— crested 

— dusky 

— flat-billed 

— Genus 



387 
393 
388 
390 
391 
394 
394 

i(;4 

20, 25 
205 
21 
7C 
91 
205 
80 
70 
65 
67 
08 
72 
55 
55 
02 
70 
72 
09 
58 
72 
03 
57 
104 



Page 

Aurgaw .. .. 321 

Baba .. .. 397 

Badock .. .. 165 

Bah .. .. 271 

Banwar .. .. 423 

Ba<iber .. .. 451 

Bauk .. .. 270 

Bee de hachc . . 96 

— en ciseaux . . 96 

Bel duiker, of Ewaker 240 



— Labrador 

— little 

— minute 

— Perrotjuet 

— PuHin 

— pygmy 

— rasor- billed 

— tufted 
Avis arctica 

— Carolinensis rostr. cul. 96 

— Diouiedea . . 173 

— novacula; facie 90 

— Troiiicorum .. 443 
Awks, King and Queen of 57 
Avocetta . . ... 97 

— oricntalis 
Avoectte a Cou inarron 
Avoset, American 

— red-necked 



Bergente 
Bernache 
Bernakelgans 
Betsce 

Bibsrtaucher 
Bisaui ente 
Blassen gans 
Bloessling grosser 
kleiner 



Blue-wing 

Bonxy 

Booby 

— brown 

— . . and white 

— great 

— lesser 

— spotted 
— ' Tuckcy's 

Boaclias major 

— . . grisea 



299, 24C 
258 
258 
313 
200 
208 

255, 258 
16 
13 
302 
163 
439 
441 
441 
436 
442 
437 
440 

286, 292 
293 



nrevia 



— scooping 



41 
40 
39 
40 

37 



Bottle-nose 
Boutkie 
Brandente 
Break bones 
Brenta 

— gii"* 
Brenthus 
Brillenente 
Brougie 
Bugheeah 
Burg meister 



293 

61 

C5 

304 

. 171 
259 
259 
260 
275 
415 
104 

148, 1-19 



VOLUME X. 







/',/"« 






/*'(,« f 




Pagt 


Har- 


ra-yi'ii-ne 


2J(i 


,'ci 


akis 


• • . . 


258 


Culymbus maxinuis 


stellutU!, 


Cuiiaiil it Colliur 


2MI 


CI 


.uifru 


a <{lacia)i!t .. 


339 




84 


— 


- face bluiiclie 


UI7 


-<-'< 


bble 


87 


.92 


— minor 


20, 2!) 


— 


- loiigue (|iieue 


.'):i!J 


Colder'iawl 


39 


— iiinticns 


84 


— 


- petit bee 


iW, 


Coclilal Cauka 


98 


— niLjricBiis 


24 


~ 


- queue pointue 


323 


'C( 


la lie 


J unco 


443 


— noviis 


82 


— 


- tete j^rise 


200 


:ce 


limbo minore 


31 


— ob>ciinis 


2(» 


— 


beau buppe 


301 


,C€ 


hiinb 


ns grocniandicue 


79 


— parfitis 


28 


— 


biiiu 


300 


Cc 


lytnb 


iib »rcticn< 


89 


— podicejis 


35 


— 


(le iMicloii 


3:i» 




— 


colic 


riifii 


— riibricollis 


27 


— 


Doiniiiicaiii 


317 








9!) 


— scptciitiii.im 


lis 90 


— 


grand 


208 




— 


iiuritus 


23 


— Sinensis 


95 


— 


Jensen 


328 




— 


borcalis .. 


94 


— stelhitus 


91 


— 


injib(|iic 


208 




— 


canilatusstellatuisOl 


— striiitus 


93 


— 


petit u giossetete 344 




— 


Cayajiensis 


34 


— Kubcristutus 


27 


— 


royal 


274 




— 


einereus major 


2P 


— Tlioinensis 


34 


— 


saiivay;e 


2S(; 




— 


colubriiiu.s 


449 


— toi(|iiatns 


84 


— 


Si(Heui- 


••323 




— 


cnriMifns 20 


,25 


— Troile 


74 


— 


huppt- 


3')!) 




— 


us 20 


,•23 


— iirinator 


27 


— 


spalule 


312 




— 


major 


20 


Coot 


13, 275 


Carbo iiquiiticiis 


415 




— 


stellatnsOl 


— blue of Florida 


17 


— 


Javanicus 


4 If) 




— 


Uotniiiieus 


32 


— cinereous 


17 


Curn'oobe 


22 




— 


(candatus 


!)1 


— conuiion 


13 


(\ir-S 


wallow 


122 




— 


llavns Carolin. 


35 


— crested 


17 


Ciuy' 


s Mother Chicken 


190 




— 


tlnviatilis 


35 


— Genus 


13 


Casta 


gneux 


30 




— 


fuse us 


35 


— greater 


IG 


— 


— a bcc cercic 


35 




— 


glacialis 


84 


— Mexican 


17 




<le St. Doni 


, 32 




— 


L;riseus 


27 


— white 


15 


Catariacta Ccpplius 


106 




— 


ifrylle 


78 


— weesel 


209 


( atiirracti's 


380 




— 


Hebridicns 


31 


Corinoran ,. 415,419 


t iitl)a 


racta 


38() 




— 


Ininjer 


87 


Corrira Italica 


42 


— 


— Coprotlieres 


104 




— 


InsuliB Tiionia) 


34 


Corvorant, or Cormorant 414 


— 


— parasitica 


104 




— 


lacteolus 


82 




424 


Calli 


Latue w«; we 


233 




— 


Ludovicianua 


30 




410 


Ceppl 


ms lacteolus . . 


82 




— 


Lnmme .. 


90 




420 


Chick 


-twopenny 


32 




-- 


major Aldrovand 


i20 




425 


(.'hipeau 


320 




— 


cristatus 


20 


Corvu* aqtiaticns 


414 


Cluiccurhaco 


249 




— 


marinus ttssellnt 


us 


— .... minor 419 


Chucl 


iwa 


240 








84 


Cotton-head 


208 


(.'luirua, Chicui 


249 




— 


maxinuis caudat 


IS 


Coultcrneb 


01 


Ciuiti 


i-chkrionat 


355 






84 


91 


Coupcnr d'Eau 


90 


Cisue 


• • • • 


210 




— 


Gesneri 87 


Courier 


42 



H ,.L 



VoLUMK \. 





I'ai^c 






/'».;•<■ 








I'litm 


('nickel' 


337 


Diver 


, Chinese .. 


f)5 


Duck 


, chest iiuf-crowiK'i! 


335 


ClUllC 


4'JO 


— 


[illlier 


87 


— 


cinereous 


, . 


27N 


Cnivaiit .. 


259 


— 


l,()iii;li 


209 


— 


col lured 




248 


Crr»w Si'u 


Kil 


— 


Newcastle 


94 


— 


crtsted 


, a 


357 


Ciiccnlc 


101 


— 


iHirtluni 


84 


— 


crimsoii-bille< 


1 


;i(i8 


Cusctii i|iia tuiii 


2S() 


— 


rcd-tliroated 


90 


>~ 


curve-billed 




295 


('iitl)cr(liik, CutljcriliRH 


205 


— 


speckled ,. 


\i\ 


— 


Cutlibert 


, , 


202 


('iitwiiter 


!)(i 


— 


(greater 


1S4 


— 


Dauiiel (a 




2S(i 


(,'y<'iuis Sinensis 


23(i 


— 


, , second 


94 


— 


1 )iiiiiiiiican 


, , 


317 


f'\ i^MC 


22(» 


— 


striped 


93 


— 


dusky 


• • 


3tiO 


— j'l tctc noiic 


2-23 


Dobc 


lick, black & wbit 


e 20 


— 


and spotted •J'^2 


— s;iiiva;^c 


210 




eared 


23 


— 


. . 15ay 




35« 


('yyniis tci'iis 


215 




horned 


2') 


— 


Ei.ler 




202 


— iiuixiiiiiis 


220 


Doo rod duii;^ 


438 


— 


falcated 




321 


Uaiiiicr Ijiim 


177 


Dcive, 


(ircenliind 


71 


^ 


ferruginous 




350 


Diiiidiii^ aver 


451 


— 


. . . , spotted 


80 


— 


lltiting 




299 


f ....(- 


413 
454 


Doiik 
Duck 


er of Woriiiius 

, Abha 


89 
272 




fulvous 
fiadwal 




335 

320 


Diiiter, hliick 


^^ 




— .. l.ellied 


451 


— 


Alexandrine 


37^ 


— 


Ciarganey 




305 


— \e\v Ilolliilid 


453 


~ 


Arabic 


378 


— 


Gattair 




379 


— iiifous 


453 


— 


asii -headed ,. 


307 


— 


Cieiius 




214 


— .. winded 


453 


— 


Attile 


.134 


— 


C;eor<^naii 




274 


— Siiriuiiiii 


11 


— 


bald-,,ued 


329 


— 


(Imelin's 




377 


— uliite-bjUicil 


44f) 


— 


. . pated . . 


330 




golden-eye 




340 


Di'^oujii 


341 


— 


biinaciihitcd 


330 


— 


grey 




320 


Dick kopf 


344 


— 


black 


275 


— 


. . headed 




200 


Di.Iapper .. 30,35 


— 


and white g 


■eat 






340 


, 34« 


Diii;;la 


133 






202 


— 


IIark(]uin 




281 


Diiimeilea Cliileiisis 


3931 


— 


. . <^reat 


279 


— 


1 la^vksbury 




357 


— Cliiloeiisis 


388' 


— 


headed 


2}-"G 


— 


hook-billed 




293 


— cliiororliyncl 


OS 52 


— 


. . tailed 


320 


— 


Jacquiu's 




330 


— exulaiis 


48 


— 


blue-billed 202 


, 339 


— 


Javaii 




323 


— riiligiudsa 


34 


— 


.. winged 


302 


— 


Iceland 




300 


— Molinae 


393 


— 


Brainaiiy 


240 


— 


llathera 




308 


— sj)iidicea 


52 


— 


brown 


2S4 


— 


Ktknshka 




378 


Dipper 


30 


— 


.. headed 334,340 


— 


King 




20<i 


Diiteiiallaii 


105 


— i 


and white 


little 


— 


Lapniark 




353 


Disliishet Seekeci) 


31 






282 


— 


lobated 




273 


Diver, black 


270 


— 


.. little 


345 





loggerhead . 




22f) 


— . . and wliitc 


71 


— 


Uuifel-headed 


344 


— 


long-tailed 




339 


— . . tiiroated 


89 


— 


canvas-backed 327,330 


— ■ 


Mallard 




280 


— Hfiieal 


94 


— 


Cape 


327 1 


— 


Mareca 




309 



i 



Duck, 









voi.r.Mi: \. 










Piisct 






l',l£f 




/'«.«,• 


naiubrannceous 


331 


Duck 


, spirit 


344 


Ente wilde 


28(1 


Meiian 


'271 


— 


spotted-billed 


285 


— Zahme 


290 


Mexican 


348 




tstonc 


981 


Epouventail 


1'22 


niixtd 


2;»i 




striated 


309 


ErpuH marinus 


179 


Muscovy 


'2(;8 


— 


summer 


301 


Erztaucher 


20 


New Holland 


331 ] 


— 


sujH'rcilious . 


. 327 


Ewaker 


343 


New Zealand 


35ti 


— 


tauiu 


290 


F'alcon, Berbicc 


450 


nyioca 


35:. 


— 


torrid 


202 


Falk 


05 


olivc-tufted 


355 


— 


tree 


302 


IVasf T 


105 


Oiianu 


2!)8 


— 


tufted 


349, 355 


I''eltgan> gelb^choptige 385 


painted '281 


, <28'2 


— 


varied-billed 


330 


Finfoot African 


10 


pluasant 


32!) 


— 


velvet 


. 279 


— American 


n 


|)ied 


318 


— 


Ural 


315 


Fisolo marine 


20 


pink-headed 


343 


— 


western 


S42 


Flamenco 


43 


rintail 


337 


— 


\vlii-tliny 


298 


Flamingo, Chili 


47 




'29S 


— 


. . black- 1 


)illed297 


J 


43 


|Mping 




Focliard 


•iC'l 


— 


. . red-billed 'IOC 


Flammant 


43 


Race-iiorse . . 


2'2(J 


— 


white-faced 


213, 302 


Flustcrer 


15 


rat'l , . 3()'2 


, 35'2 


— 


headed 


315 


Folaga () Polon 


13 


red 


35(J 


""^ 


. . masked 


317 


Fou 


104 


. . crested . . 


359 


■"" 


Wigeon 


323 


— blanc 


438 


, . headcil 


334 1 

1 




wild 


280 


— brun petit 


422 


round-crested 


'200 1 




wood American 301 


■ — common 


439 


lloyai 


'274 


Duckcr, trrcat cresled '20 


— dc Bassun 


433 


rubicund 


319 


— 


horned 


. 20 


1 — grand 


43C 


luddy 


319 


Due 


aert 


34 


— petit de Cayenne 


443 


rut'uu3-neckcd 


335 


Duik 


cr Eenil bruine 


354 


— tachetc 


. 437 


sand-shoal 


31S 


— 


Pai)agaay 


58 


1 Foulquc 


13 


Scaup '100 


, 300 


— 


witte-non 


209 


j — a jarretierea 


rouged 1 


Scoter 


270 


Dun- 


Bird . . 


353 


— grand a Crete 17 


Shicldrake 


304 


Dun- 


Cur 


334 


Fouquet petit (}es Philipp. 105 


Ne\vHoll.30G 


Dun- 


Diver 


200 


1 Fratercula 

i 


58 


Shoveler 


310 


Eastcrling 


324 


Frcgata minor 


412 


.... Jamaica 


314 


Ecat 


itotl 


200 


1 Frigate bird 


410, 415 


New HoU 


. 313 


Egg- 


Bird 


102 


j Fuilag 


ICS 


.... red-breasted 


Eidei 


•-gans 


202 


Fulica /Ethiops 


15 




313 


Eisente 


339 


— Americana 


17 


s(]t't-billed 


332 


Eistaucher 


84 


; — aterrima 


IC 


solitary 


272 


Ente 


gemeine 


'286 


— ' atra 


13 


Spanisii 


31« 


— 


krummschnabli 


ge 293 


— cristata 


17 


Main 


290 


— 


Turkische 


208 


— Floridana 

— fuliginosa 


17 


Sparnnan's 


377' 


— 


wcisskopfige 


315 


IC 



1 ulicu Icucoryx 

— mnjor 

— IVIevicana 

— vulgaris) 
i'uligula 
I'lihiiar 

Fur-bhuachialle 
Gubbiana 



altera 



15 

k; 

17 

17 

13 

209 

179 

9'2 

ir.O, IG'2 



(iabbiano minoiccineri/io 153 

(iailwal, or Grey . . 3'20 

Gair-fowl .. 57 

Gam-Drake . . 2(>5 

Gunnet, common . . 432 

— lesser . . 437 

Gans rothhals . . 247 

Ganser . . . . 244 

Gans sclinec . . 235 

(iargancy . . . . 3C4 

Garrot .. .. 34fi 

— nortliern . . 339 
Galtair . . . . 379 
Gaviacinerca 153, 157 

— .. major 153 
. — . . minor 

— . , nnevia 

— fiisca 

— grisea 

— . . minor 

— liybcrna 

— rl<libun(la 



133 
158 
104 
150 
134 
154 
137 
phocnicopob 
132 
22 
101 
329 
340 
349 

. . striatum 299 

Glupisha . . 170 

Goeland g is fk blanc 151 

. — brun .. 161 



Gaunt 
Gcrra-gcrra 
Gingeon 
Glaucium 
minus 



VOLl'Mi: \. 

I'llg' 

Gotland ccndrc . . 157 

— noir manteau 145 

— vavie . . 14*> 
Gogaubl ore . . 403 
(lohurry, Kohiirry 103 
Goletra .. 158 
Gongchcel .. 155 
Goose, antarctic .. 228 

— wliite-winged 229 

— barred-headed 242 

— Dauk . . 270 

— Bean . . 255 

— Bering's . . 257 

— Bcrnacle . . 257 

— black . . 258 

— . . and white 225 

— . . backed 240 

— blue-winged 232 

— Brand . . 259 

— .. white 234 

— Brent . . S59 

— Bustard .. 228 

— Canada 238, 258 

— Chinese . . 23G 

— Clatter .. 2GI 

— Cole ., 415 

— Coscoroba . . 228 
►— cream-coloured 29G 

— crop . . 237 

— Eider . . 262 

— Egyptian .. 244 

— Ember . . 87 

— Gambo 241, 244 

— great . . 235 
.— grey-headed 245 

— . . lag . . 250 

— Gulaund .. 257 

— Hill .. 246 

— Hindustan , . 243 

— hybrid .. 227 

— laughing . . 255 

— loggerhead , . 226 



Goose, Magellanic 231,. 181 

— Mother Cary'n 171 

— mountain .. 24G 

— Muscovy ., 237 

— Nilotic .. 270 

— painted 230, 232 

— Oiiink .. 261 

— Kat, or Hoad 

— rcd-breastcd 

— ruddy 

— Scopoline 

— Sea 

— semipalmatcd 

— Snow 

— Soland 

— Spanish 

— spur-winged 

— Swan 

— tame 

— variegated 

— white-fronted 
I — wild 

Gorumpoar, Gerumpa 
Grebe a joucs grises 

— black-breasted 

— . , chinned 

— Caspian 

— Cayenne 

— cornu 
"— crested 

— d'Esclavonie 

— de la Louisiana 
— . dc la riviere 

— Due Laert 

— dusky 

— eared 23 

— foul que 

— Genus 

— grand 

— horned 

— huppi'' 

— Indiaa 



260 

247 

248 

262 

229 

295 

234 

433 

236 

241 

236 

252 

220 

554 

250 

2S5 

2S 

34 

31 

25 

34 

20 

20 

25 

3*^ 

32 

34 

26 

25 

11 

19 

34 

25 

20 

29 



^j/Jliii-il '--. 



VOMIMK \. 



■ i 






'' I, 





/ 


•"?■•■ j 




y 


'„ev i 




/'..v.' 


Cioose 


little 


io 


Gull,, 


Georgian 


138 


Harle petit 


209 


— 


Louisiana 


36 


— 


glaucous 


14S 


Hat is a derrlere de la t 


rte 


• — 


New Holland 


33 


— 


great 132, 


405 j 


noire 


127 


— 


petit 


'Hi 


— 


. . white 


145 


— - sourcil blanc 


lOS 


— 


. . Imppe '23 


24 , 


— 


grey 


Hi) 


— - tete noire 


i 1 1 


— 


pied-billed 


35 ' 


— 


Herring 14!), 


15i> 


— gua/u 


97 


— 


red-necked 


27 


— 


Hudsonian 


156 


— tatheti' 


108 


— 


mfous-breasted 


33 , 


— 


Iceland 


147 


Haubentaucher 26, 


200, 2(U 


— 


Sclavonian 


25 


— 


Johnson's cloven-foot. 1 1 


graukchlige '28 


— 


Tippet 


21 


— 


Italian 


144 


Haubente Eurojiaisch 


: 'M'J 


— 


wliite-winged 


32 


— 


Ivory 


156 


Heerings nieue 


151) 


Giisaril 


l-.(j| 




Keask 


168 


Heetuirera 


.'!'2r 


Giiacu guacu 


154! 




Kittiwako 


157 


Helegug 


61 


r.uillc 


tte 


123 1 


— 


Laughing 


137 


Hen ])ort-Egmont . 


161 


Guillemot 


74 


— 


little 


140 


He Patek 


35ij 




- black 


78 


— 


masked 


13y 


He weego 


332 




- Brunuich's 


78; 


— 


pacilic 


16!) 


Hirond( lie de J.Ier a i. 


rand 




~ foolish 


74 1 


— 


Pewit 


136 


en^ergm•e 1()'2 




~ les?er 


77 


— 


pomarine 


1(;3 


de Panay 


119 


— 


- • marbled 


83 


— 


I'lilo Condore 


160 


grande 


111, 127 





— petit fein. 


71 


— 


red-lcggcd 133 


136 


Han-el 


112 




i_ ^ ^ noir 


79' 
81 




silvery 151 
Skua 


1 ^" 




110 

120 




__ tiirttfojl 


— 


1 •> w 

161 


pclif 




*— S 1 KJ I I C 11 . , 




— wliite 


82 


- 


Tarrock 


158 


Hirundo marina 


114 


Gulaund 


257 


— 


Tca/er 


115 


Hitt 


212 


Gultlonhead 


01 


""" 


\Vagel 


146 


Hrafn-or.ii 


360 


Gull, 


Adriatic 


144 




web-footed vvliite 


153 


; Hun Sowry 


31) 


— 


arctic 


U)4 


— 


white greater 


133 


J \ck Jumping 


385 


_ 


black and white 


145 


Guar 


423 


'Ice-fiird 


71 


— 


backed 


145 


Gungunnah, Gungunnee 


•404 


Igilma 


f7 


— 


backed lesfci' 


151 


Gur 


-roo-niul 


386 


Inibi T 


84, 87 


— 


cap 


13(; 


irafVhert 


179 


1 — diver 


87 


— 


headea 


132 


Hah 


away 


341 


j — lesser 


88 


— 


. . tailed 


157 


'laingo 


445 


Imbrim 


84 


— 


toed 


KJC 


Haiiy-head 


208 


ii Immer Goose 
i Joim;ris 


84,87 


— 


brown 134 


ICl 


Haladroma, Pelocanoide 


194 


28 


— 


. . headed 133 


134 


llalbentc Souuncr 


364 


' Ipatk'X 


58 


— 


cloven-footed 123 


134 


Har 


e . . ] 9'J 


, 200 


' Ipecati ajjoa 


240 


— 


common 


153 


— 


-:< nianteau noir 


205 


Ivoshik 


80 


— 


crimson-billed 


145 


— 


coiircnne 


20f; 


Kaia\er, Kaier 


79 


..-, 


I'ovk tailed 


14'2 


— 


etoih' 


20: • 


Kani' liker 


343 


— 


Genus 


131 


1 — 


hujjpe 


203 


' Kandan 


453 



VOMTMi: \. 





."<.i' .■ 


1 




/■..,, 






;•.',- 


l\,u;i 


70 


1 Laru.') 


C'inc'iius i(!-,tt'. & ])C(I. 


Lams tiidactyliH 


157 


158 


Kairang-ali.t 


40'2 


i 


ridjii.'. 


133 


— variiis 


140 


1.5() 


Keiii^k 


!(;8 


; — 


ciiu'iciis los'.r i^ ped. 


Lereen 




IS'J 


Kiddaw 


7i'> 




cioi'i'ia 


153 


LeptMus 




443 


Kiiuiiodsiii 


303 


— 


crepidadis 


160 


— (.andidiis 




445 


Knacht'iito 


3(J5 


i 


eljurntiis 


150 


— fulvti.s 




iUi 


Kiuilge-i^ef 


158 


1 _ 

i 


01') lhr()]ius 


■ 34 


J^estris C'atarraete.s 




101 


Ki)ll)cii-ontc 


35» 


1 


fidijios alter 


1 


— crcjiidatus 




ICr, 


Kornioraii 


419 


— 


fusciis '.,(), 151 


101 


— parasiticus 




104 


Korora 


38- 


i 


glaucii 


148 


— Pomariiius 




1(J3 


Kraak-epiid 


C.20 


1 

1 


{iri'-us IIG 


150 


[..eiitze 




423 


Kra-chuckiTonal> 


3v: 


— 


r.iiiiro 


154 


Lol'elfnte 




310 


Kiagfii^nte 


'28! 


— 


iiyliornus 


154 


U/J Kanjc 




'243 


Kiik-fiilo 


307 


ictliya;t\is 


13'2 


Lomwia Hoieri 




74 


Kioi)tgans 


397 




K( oai-k 


108 


Loofoo 




423 


Kutie-gef, Kuutge-gcf 157 


,158 


1 


iiiaciilalus 1"4,154 


,10S 


Loon, ash-co'ou,'ed 


'20, 24 


Km la 


35'2 


1 


iiiaculi- IMusc. reft- 


'■ 


— greater 




21 


I/aiditiioeve gi'ObSC 


V.i'i 


! 




140 


— grey 




20 


scliuar/.kojilit; 


! 133 


— 


luajoi' ti.u'icus 


1:^7 


— inlaiKl 




80 


l,aiiy-Fov i 


3'24 


i 


maiinus 


145 


Lord 




283 


Lantrschnaliel 


■203 




maxim all), tk nji' 


145 


Louwa 




424 


L'viu; albicans 


114 


— 


mi'laiioi cphalus 


114 


Luglug 




451 


— albus 


137 


— 


mci'uliiius 


121 


Lunime 


74, 89 


— . . eiythroerphalua 


— 


minor cap. nia;ri) 


137 


— Dumine 




74 




13<2 


— 


. . Ii(li[)es 


1'2'2 


liUnda 




58 


— . . major 


133 


— 


miniitiis 


140 


Lungy 




75 


— . . :!>in()r 


l.'^7 


— 


na;viu5 lid', 


158 


Lyre 




182 


— ai'i;i'iitatus 151 


15'2 


— 


iiig< ;■ 


145 ' 


IMacarcux 


57, 5bi 


— aliLiUa 'J<.) 


137 


— 


iidipe.s 


1-24 1 


— Moine 




58 


— alricilloii'f.-i \3'2 


140 


— 


(iC'ineri 


1'21 


Macas a bee crochu 




30 


— candidlis 


15P 


— 


niveus 


i.-,o 


— - doigticr 




11 


— canoscc'ii- 


153 ; 


— 


pacilicus 


l(i9 


— cornu 




20 


— caiiu- i;i3> 


153 


— 


Parasiiicus 


101 


RIacreusc 


76 


270 


— caiiistratii'i 


139 


— 


Piscatoi' 


1'20 


— ;i large bee 




27.'i 


— Catarractis 


101 ; 


— 


Pulo Condor 


lOOJ 


— double 




279 


— cincraiius 


133 




rariasinius 


443 ■ 


Magaga, Magagcr . 




33 


— ciiicreus 133, 148, 


153 


— 


ridil)undu3 


132 


Majague 




17'2 


Ballonil 


158 


— 


Rissa 


157 


IN^alk'muehe 




179 


— . . major 


137 


— 


rostro nigro 


153 : 


Manchot a bee tromiu 


c 


382 


_. . luaximus 


150 


— 


Sabini 


U'J 


— - Collier , 


. 


391 


. iiiiiiur 


153 


— 


Terragnolp. dictUB 


1.58 


— de la N. Guince 


390 


. . pisrator 


158 


— 


topfiuc cinereo 


lis 


— du= Hottentots 


380 



I I 



Manchot gran? . . 30O 

— huppi- (le Sibirie 385 



— Pa 



388 



— sauteur , . 385 

Man of WaiBiiil 48,410 

Mantel meve . . 145 

Marchand . . 275 

Mareca, Marec a^S, 308, 309 



VOLUME X. 



Merganser, red-breasted 203 
Smew .. '208 



/'ft* 



stellatus 



209 
ifor 



Marrot, Murre 
Martin-prcheur de Mer 
Mauve 
Mcerachen 
bunte 

schwarz 

Meerschwalbe Caspische 

geflekte 

■ gemeine 

grane 

kleine 

schwarze 

Stubbersche 

Meeuw groote Zee 
Melivis-Kembang 
Merganser, blue 

brown 

cinereus 

cristatus 



C3 



Sup. niger. infer. 

albus 205 
Virginianuscrist. 

2(i(; 

Mergulus melan. rost. acuto 



17G MergU3 iEtliiops 
— albellns 



132 
803 
205 
20fi 
99 
123 

123 ll 
120 ;i 

122 :i 

107!; 

148 ! 

323 |i 
213 ■■■ 
208 |. 
200 : 
203 ' 



.. minor 209 !l 

Dun-diver 200 'i 

forked-tailed 212 [^ 

Genus 199 '1 

_, , ll 

Goosanaer 199 \\ 

- hooded 20G '] 

imperial 202 j 

leucomclanus 205 jj 

— — longiroster 200 ! 

— — . . cristatus j 

208 
minor 209 1 

niger . . 200 , 

. . inferne albus i 

205 I 



albiilua 

aicticus 

Asiaticus 

IJellonii 

ca;ndeu3 

Castor 



71 

19'J 

203, 208 

209 

84, 89 



Meve genieinc 
— Islaiulisc'lie 



kl 



fine giaue 



— weisscliwingige 

— winter 
' Mew, great Sea 

— ■ grauc kleine 

Millouin 

Millouinan 

Minicnewick 

Mis se sheep 

Mijsc ([ua guta vow 

Mistuhay Nesscock 

212 "i Mittek 
ll 
05 I Monialis alba 

212 Morelle 

200 i Morillcm 
ciner. alb. cap. castan. 1| Mormon Fratcrcula 

200 Minielte a mascpie brun 
cirrhatus fuscus 203 
.... longiroster 



cristatus 

cucullatus 

furcifer 

fu:CU3 

glacialis 
Gulo 

gutture nigro 
rubro 



20.) 
203 
200 
212 
208 
209 
200 
89 
90 



Merganser 



— major 

— . . cirrhatub 

— . . naivius 

— Pannonicus 
»— jicetore rufo 

— Pxhcni 

— iinus 
Metzcanaliachtli 
Meve asehgrave 

— gcflechte 



imperialis 202 
199, 200 I 

. 87' 



1.53 
14S 
158 
137 
153 
333 
3112 
312 
208 
275 
25 1 
2';5 
209 
13 
349 
',S 
139 
- pieds noirs 100 

blanche 133, 150 

grande 137 
brune 104 

ccndrce 133, 153 

tachetee 1 58 
d'Hyver .. 154 
grande 

blanche 
cendri':c 



petite cendrec 
rieusc 



Moufon 
209 jj iMuechagatka 

84 ij Mullet 
209 '! Murrc 
203 jj Mutton-Bird 
209 'j Myna 
209 ij Ncwal gang 
348 j Nigaud 
133 I! Noddy 
140 " Norie 



145 

137 

151 

153 

133 

133 

170 

58 

01 

OS, 05 

170 

450 

290 

420 

102, 101 

1 1 5 



/'«J 



241 

or 



'250 
o 



Nucda, Nucta ka hanse 
Nun, white 
Oca Lonibardella 

^ salvatica 
Occumushibhisk 
Oedel 

Ohrentaucher 
Oic a ci-avate 

— a Duvet 

— armetl' 

— blanche 

— bronzuc Ac C'oromandel 

240 

— dTgypte 

— de Guince 

— dc plcin 

— des Esquimaux 

— des Rlalouincs 



:u2 i 

23 1 
238 
2fi2 
241 
234 



244 



— des terres Magellan. 



230 : 

226 j 
232 i 
228 ii 

231 ' 
255 
256 



— rieuse 

— .sauvagc 

— sauvage a tete grise 245 
Oiaeau de soleil .. 11 

— de tempetc . . 193 

— gris . . 226 i 
OiKJcrotalus Ameiicanus 405 | 

— — fuscus . . 40o I 

Mex. dcntatus40i) 

Philippensis 402 ' 

rostio denticulate j 

409 
Osiifraga . . . . 1*1 

Outaidc .. .. 218 

Pachyptila, Prion .. 195 1 
Pa-degga-degga . . 42S |] 
I'aille-en-Queuei'i brins rouges ll 
447 

d' Ascension 445 

— — d'Isle de France 
447 
■ grande 443 

I'andle whew . . 324 i 



VOLUMK X. 

Piijjagaay Ducker 58, 65 

Pardala .. .. 178 

Passer stultua ,. 104 

Pato real 6 grande 2/0 

Pawnkole . . . . 425 

Paxara Especie de . . 390 

Pechuch .. .. 419 

Pclecan grosse . . 397 

Pelecanoide 194 

Peleeanus Africanus 422 

Acpiilus . . 410 

Bassanus 432 

— — Capensis . . 422 

Carbo 414 

Carolinensis 406 

carunculatus 429 

cirrliatud 431 

— — cristatus . . 423 

erythrorhynchos 408 



Fiber 

fuscus 

Gracuius . . 

Javanicus 

leucocephalus 

maculatus 



Magellanicus 

Manillensis 

minor 

ntEviua 

onocrotalus 

Palmerstoni 

parvus . . 

Philippensis 

piscator 

punctatus 

pygmaeus 

rofeus 

rufescens 

Sinensis 

Sula 

Thagus 



441 

405 
419 
403 
413 
427 
430 
401 
412 
427 
3G7 
414 
442 
402 
437 
427 
431 
401 
404 
423 
439, 440 
409 



Peleeanus varius . . 428 

— violaceus 425 

— urile . . 426 
Pelican a bee dentele 40!) 

— American . . 405 

— black-bellied 403 

— brown . . 405 

— brun . . 405 

— . . d'Ameriqufc 403 

— . . de Lucon 401 

— Charles-town 406 

— frigate greater 410 

— .. lesser 412 

— . . Palmerston 4 1 1 

— Genus . . 396 

— Javan . . 403 

— Manilla .. 401 

— New Holland 402 

— Philippine . . 402 

— red-backed 404 

— rose-coloured 401 

— rough-billed 408 

— saw-billed 409 

— white .. 397 

— white head.frigate413 
Pelikan Bassanische 430 
Pellicano il grotto Ossia 397 
Penguin 55,381,390 



trachyrhynchos 408 
T 



— black-footed 
Penelope 

— Mexicana 

— nigra 
Peteysee Tehary 
Petrel, American 

— Antarctic 

— black 



381 
333 
335 
334 
103 
189 
177 
175 



bk. andwh. spotted 178 
black great 173 

black-toed 185 

blanc . . 186 

blue . . 195. 196 

Brazilian 17*2 



IVtr.l,l.i(.ii(i-l)illf.i 105 

— hrdwii-ljiiiirfcd 187 

— . . and wliitu 177 

— ceiidn!' .. 184 
— ' ciiii'ifoiis .. I8;i 

— de iR'igi' . . 18() 

— diviii- ,. 194 

— doubtful .. 170 

— dusky .. li)7 

— eclunisse . . 19;i 

— fork-tiiiltd .. 188 

— IViijiite .. 189 

— fuliginous .. 174 

— I'uluiar . . 179 

— Genus .. 179 

— giiuit .. 179 

— ghicial ,, 174 

— grey . . 174 

— Kuril .. 173 

— Leacl.'s .. 194 

— long-lejjged 193 

— Mi.nks .. 184 

— Noifolk-Isliuid 174 

— Ospiey .. 170 

— pacific ,. 197 

— Pintado .. 178 

— Puffin hrun 173 

— Shciir-water 181 

— snowy .. I St) 

— sooty ,. 187 

— stormy .. 189 

— tachete . , 178 

— wliite-faced 185 

— .. breasted 180 
Pfeifeute .. .. 323 
Pfeilbchwantz 209, 337 
Phaeton 'detliereus 443 

— demersus 380 

— inelaiiorhynclios 440 

— pliceiiicurus 447 
Phalttcrocorax . . 41!> 

439 



VOLUME X. 

Fane 
Plialacrot orax vostr. & ped. 

luteis 439 

Plialiirope I'l festons deuti-les5 

— Aineric.ni 4 

— Inured 1) 

— de Silierie 1 

— ft I I'Ujiinous 8 

— tlat-l.illed (J 

— K'-^T •• 5 

— plain .. 7 

— nil 1 , 3, 7 

Plialaropus . . 5 

' [ 

— cancel latiis 7 i 

— ciiiercus 1 i 

— fuscus 3 

— f^lacialis 7 ' 

— liypeiboreus 1,3' 

— lobutus 5 ; 

— platyrynclios 5,0] 



nilesceiis 

\\'illiHUisii 

Wilson's 



PllU.-CllS 

Phea^iint, sea 



0' 

1 

4 

305 

337 



PlnLMiicopterus Cliileiisis 47 



ruber 



Picariiii . . . . 

Pico corbo 

Pied rougf; 

Pi-jrre garisi 

Piette 

Pigeon, divinjj 

Pin|j;oin 

— petit 
Pingouin urachyptere 

— grande 

— inucroptere 
Pinguin a lunettes 

— Antarctic .. 

— apterous 

— black-footed 

— Cu[)e 



43 

39 

37 

90 

114 

209 

79 

03 

05 

55 

55 

(13 

382 

389 

394 

381 

381 



Pa/t f 

PiiiL:iiiii, Chiloe .. b88 

— collared .. 391 

— crested . . 385 

— (ienns .. 380 

— Ii.iiry .. 39-2 
— • lioppiiii; . . 385 

lesser .. 381 

— little .. 387 

— Mairellanic 383 

— New Holland 38S 

— Papuan .. 388 

— Patagonian 390 

— red-footed 38() 

— small . . 387 
•— tliree-toed 393 

— woolly .. 392 
Pinguiiiaria cristata 385 

Pataclionicu 390 



Pintado Bird 
Pisesie 
Plaiieus morns 

— tropicus 
Plautus Albatros 



17S 
297 
439 
443 

4S 
spurius 
major 173 



— • Arcticus . , 

— Columbarins 

— pinguis 

— Tousor , . 
Plongeoii 

— a gorge rouge 

— grajid 
Plotus Anliinga 

— claudicans ,. 
■— melanogaster 

— recurviroster 



5vS 
71 

381 
03 
32 
90 
87 

449 
91 

451 
37 



— rostro conico inerj. 90 

— • Suriuumensik 11 

Pochard .. .. 333 

Podiceps auritns .. 23 

•^ Curolineiisig .jo 

>— Caspicug . . 25 



te 



^ 










Poire 


[ 




f'age 






Pn^t 


I'oilici' 


)S 


CayiiiHis 


31 


Prnccllaria 


vitlata 


195 


Sammtt-eiite 


279 


— 




corimtus 


2') 


— 


Urinatiix 


194 


I Sarcelle 


300 


— 




cris-tiitiis 


20 


Puffin 


58 


, 181 




i\ (piene cpinensc 


372 


— 




Uomiiiifus 


32 


— (Ill liiei.il 


172 


— 


blanche & noire 


344 


— 




liebri (liens 


31 


— Man 


ks 


184 


— 


brnn 6^ blanclie 


282 


_ 




Luilovii'iaiuis 


.•lO 


Puflinns 


178 


.184 


— 


(It- Coroiiiandel 


374 


— 




minor 


2!) 


1 ~ *^"' 


.. 15. Spei 


173 


— 


(I'F.gypte 


354 


— 




obscuriis 


2(i 


— (.'ineiens 


185 


— 


d'Kte 


3(U 


— 




ruhricollis 


27 


Putcr-liihnt 


, . 


120 


— 


de Ferrde 


342 


— 




Tlioniensi!< 


34 


Qnaclieicnt 


e 


340 


— 


. . J ivu 


322 


— 




mi nil •(ti- 


20 


: Qiiapacli cananlitli 


33:. 


— 


.. IMi-xi(|ue 


348 


Poker, 


1.1 


ne 


334 


Qilehriintal 


iiessos 


170 


— 


. . la Caroline 


345 


I'olai'cnte 


. . 


S!) 


'. Qaeripiedu 


a lestiva 


3(;4 


— 


. . la Chine 


303 


Pooa (1 


i^'l^lit'i' (liig;:;lii't' 


230 


1 , . 


Americana 


302 


— 


.. Ln/on 


375 


I'ope 




. . 


01 


1 


Ferroensis 


342 


— 


. . Madagascar 


.373 


Powistic ou slieep 


283 




Lndoviciaii 


.344 


— 


petite 


307 


Proce!l 


iriaa-qniiioct. 173 


,17!) 


i 


secniida 


3()7 


— 


ronsse 


372 


— 




niha 174 


, ISO 


Qnetliu 


1 . 


388 


— 


Soncronroii .. 


302 


— 




Any:lorun» 


184 


Fialiiho'cad 





410 


— 


Soncronrette 


303 


— 




A ntarctica 


177 


■ Ra))ijnnco8 


, , 


443 


Sasas({ 


ue pe thesue 


255 


— 




biuziliana 


172 


Rallus lariformiii 


1-23 


Siu Surai 


378 


— 




oaruiea 


190 


i Razor-bill 


05, 97 


Search 


ir 


378 


— . 




Capensis 


178 


Rassangue 


• • . . 


241 


Scaup 


t'eiii. 


300 


— 




cinerea .79 


183 


Ratcli 


• • • ■ 


72 


Scheereiischnabel 


90 


— 




(lesolata 


187 


Rathslier 


• • • ■ 


150 


Svlieei 


schnabel 


03 


— — 




Forsteri 


195 


Raven, Sea 


, , 


420 


SchifTs 


vogel 


4» 


_ 




Frcpfata 


189 


Ravador 

* 


• • • • 


97 


ScliiiHttcr-ente 


020 


— 




fulii,'inosa 


187 


Recnrvirost 


ra Americana 


39 


Scbw.m Siiisi' 

* • 


210 


.^ 




furcata 


188 




Avocetta 


37; 


— 


stuinme 


220 


— . 




trelida 


174 




orientalis 


41 


Scory 


> • • « 


Mft 


^ 




Lriijantta 


170 




rubricoUis 


40 1 


Scoter 


. • 


276 


— 




f^lacialis 


179 


Rhynchops 


'ulva 


9^1 


Scout 


• • 


75 


— . 




grisea 


174, 


— 


iij;ra 


fX 


Scoutiiiiillan 


165 


— 




Leacliii 


194 


Ritsa 


• • • • 


ISi- 


Sea-Swallow 


114 






marina 


189 1 


Ro( hie 


• • • • 


Tl 




* 


106 


*~* 




—^ grriiter 






uieianopuH 


185 


Roepertje 


• • • • 


349 




•^^ IfJOBf^r 10i\ 


123 


^■^ 




.— ^ IrSBcr l£,\f 


^ 




n.v'via 


178 


Raioligans 


«&0, 


433 


Seeiahe .. .. 


414 


— . 




nivfa 


18« 


Rothlials 


• • 


3:J3 


Seerac 


1 mit roth kopfe 


2UU 






(Jtscura 


1«C 


Runner, tin 


• tooted 


42 1 




_. .^^ fit ilu?<il>t Lrnf^4a 


-199 


"■^ 




"^'"^ si.llnUri. Kuilil^ 


— . 




•innfica 


•97 


■ygeliopsal 


a 


9<; 


Seiiato 


• • • • 


156 


— 




^lagira 


189 




I'll 1 va 


98 


Serrator . . , , 


19U 


— 




Puffinus 


181 


Sager Gaiisen , , 


190 


— 


cirrliatiiA 


20U 










T 


•2 











Sesekcsewuch . . 80 

Shag .. .. AVi 

— African . . 4'<J2 j 

— brown-necked 425 > 

— caninciilated AIO 

— Chinese , . 42;J j 

— crested 423, 427 ' 

— dwarf .. 431 i 

— Magclhinic . . 430 

— New Holland 431 

— pied .. .. 42S 

— pole .. .. 208 

— red-faced . . 426 

— spotted . . 427 

— tufted .. 431 

— violet .. 425 
Shearwater 173, 184 
Shieldruki 305 

New- Hoi land SOti 

Swallow-tailed 339 

Shoveler .. .. 310 

— Barbary 313, 359 

— Jamaica . . 314 

— New Holland 313 

— re<l-breasted 313 
Sitlle\ir ;'i bee noir 297 

■ rouge 296 

Sijo and . . . . 377 

Sildepperis . . . . SO 

Silvti-Bird .. .. 114 

.'jiorartak . 265 

Skart ., 415 

Skimmer, black , . 06 

Skippog . . . . 07 

Skrabe. bkiaap .. 182 

Skuttock . . , . 75 

Smergo .. .. 20 

Smew 208 

Solifi (hiirurka .. 376 

SonnenvoiJtl Hiegemlu 443 

Souchet .. .. 310 

Sparling Fowl . . 200 



striatus 



VOMJMI-: \. 

Spaltel-ente . . 230 

Sphcniscus 381, 386, 38* 

S|iiessente . . . . 337 

Sprat -barrow, Sprat-Loon 92 
Sprig-tail .. .. 339 

Stariki . . . . 69 

— black .. 07 

Steissfuss Gehaubte 20 \ 

Stercorarius longicaudus 104 

163 1, 
112 li 
103 I 
109 [ 
112 j 
111 ' 
116 
120 j 
123 
120 ' 

120 ; 

106 
109 1 
100 
99 
127 
124 



Sterna nxvia 
— nera 



Sterna atlinis 

— Africana 

— alba . . 

— Anglicii 

— aianea 

— arctica 

— argentea 

— iitricapilla 

— australis 

— bicolor 

— Boysii 

— Candida 

— Cantiaca 

— Caspia 

— Cay ana 

— cinerea 



— nigra 

— nildiica 

— nubilosa 

— obscura 

— Panaya 

— Petto bianca 

— Philippin:i 

— ])Iunibea 

— rectr. uiax. nigr 

— simplex 

— Sinensis 

— spadieea 

— stolida 

— striata 

— Sumatrana 

— Surinamensis 

— Tsclicgrava . . 

— vitlata 
Stockente 
Stoi'm-finch 
Storm-zwalluw 
Strany 

Strundt-jnger 
Sturmmeue bunte 



123 
127 
121, 123 
HO 



atricapilla 121 j Sturui-vogel 

Dougallii .. 113 ; Svart-Bakr 

lissipes .. 121 jl Sula alba 

fuliginosa . . 102 ]! — Bassana 



123, 124, 140 ' 

129 : 

120 
114 
125 



fusca 

fuscata 

grisea 

Hirundo 

Javanica 

leucoparcia 

leucoptera , . 127 

maggiore . . 99 

media 100, 126 

nietopoleucos 120 

minor , . 120 

minuta . . 120 



— Candida 

— Hoieri 
Summoodra Cauky 
Sun-Bird 



107 
123 
11!) 
100 
105 
130 
164 
111 
125 
129 
104 
109 
119 
124 

99 
117 
310 
190 
190 

75 
104 
146 
190 
147 
432 
433 
437 
433 

98 

li 



Swallow, Sea 100,114, 120,123 



110 Swan, black ., 224 

— black-neckod 223 

— lesser .. 219 

— mute .. 22o 

— Shawian . . 224 

— tame . . , . 220 

— whistling .. 215 



>ll 











VOLUMIi X. 












/'iiui: 






Pag, 




Pi'Sf 


I'.ll.'u'l) 


307 


Tern 


[ilallahoac 


312 


Tern, Sumatran 


119 


Tadi 


rna 


304 


Tern 


, African 


108 


— Surinam 


11, 124 


raff 


ente 


333 


— 


Arctic 


116 


— Tehary 


103 


Tulli 


■ . 


100 


— 


black 


121 


— waved 


118 


rauna-iang 


145 


— 


. . eyed 


118 


— white 


109 


Tiiuc 


hente kleine 


209 


— 


headed 


123 


— . . browed 


108 




— weisse 


209 


— 


naped 


126 


— . . winged 


127 


I'auc 


her dunkelbraune 


W 


— 


brown 123, 129,134, 140 


— wreathed 


117 




gans 


199 


— 


bellied 


103 


Terragnola 


158 




gespri-nkelte 


91 


— 


Caspian 


99, 101 


Titihan 


31 




kleine 


30 


— 


Cayenne 


. 127 


Toltecoloctii 


348 




loth haliiger 


99 


— 


Chinese 


125 


Tom-noddy 


61 




- Schwai'zkelilige 


89 


— 


cinereous 


124 


Toolaiee 

j 


445 




- unbckannte 


8S 


— 


conuTion 


U4 


i Topper 


299 


'raiul.^ilin.hn Dunime 


74 


— 


created 


101 


! Totto 


448 




schwarze 


79 


— 


crimson-billed 


117 


Toyang 


122, 126 


TachyiJCtes Aqiiiki 


410 


— 


dove- coloured 


128 


Trauerente 


. 276 


raya 


Tay I 


97 


— 


dusky 


129 


Tringa cancellata 


9 


■J'ch; 


liki 


48' 


— 


Egyj)tian 


110 


— cinerea gutlure albo 5 


Teal 


African 


354 


— 


Georgian 


128 


< — Coot-footed 


1,3 


— 


Anieiicaii 


371 


— 


greater 


114 


— fusca rostro tenui 3 


— 


Baikal 


375 


— 


grey . . 


119 


— glacialis 


7 


— 


Bilibi 


370 


— - 


gull-billed 


112 


— hyperborea 


t 


— 


blue-winged 


303 


— 


hoary 


126 


— lobata 


1, 3, r- 


— 


chestnut-winged 


3(>9 


— 


hooded 


120 


— rufa 


7 





Chinese 


363 ^ 


— 


Javan 


125 


— white Coot-footed 5 


— 


common 


367 


— 


Kanitschatkan 


123 


Trochilus, vel Corrira 


42 


— 


C'oromandel 


374 


— 


lesser 


120 


Troo-gad-dill 


169 


— 


Girra . . 


374 


— 


marsh 


111 


Tropic-Bird, black-billed 446 




green-winged 


3C7; 


— 


minute 


120 




443,445 


"~™ 






grey-shouldeied 
Guiana 
Hina 
Jamaica 


3*0 




mustachoe 
New-Holland 
Noddy 
Panayan 


110 
103 
104 
119 




443 
Hand 488 
d 447 

247 




314 








376 
314j 






._ 


— 


Tschagu 


— 


Madagascar 


373 


— 


Philippine 


105 


Tschakvoi 


247 


— 


Manilla 


375 


— 


roseate 


113 


; Tschegrava 


100 


— . 


Saint Domingo 


372 j 


— 


Saridwieh 


106 


1 Tubano 


397 


_ 


Siley . . 


373 


— 


short-tailed 


130 


i Turtle, Sea 


79 


— 


Sii'Sffiir 


369 


— 


simple 


111 


i Turpan 


279, 280 





:^]>inous-tailcd 


372. 


— 


sooty . . 


102 


[ Twagge 


448 


— 


summer 


364 




southern 


126 


Twopenny Chick 


32 


Tee-fee 


195 1 


— 


striated 


109 


1 Tzing Kye 


17 







VOLUME X. 










Page I 




Pane 




Page 


f zitzihoa 


S37 


Utainania 


65 


Wiliock 


7a 


Veld duiker 


299 


lltay-keeask 


165 


Winter-unte 


339 


Vingeon 


. 3'29 


Vulpanser 


304 


Witches 


290 


Viudita 


. 31G 


Wagel Gull 


146 


Witcli-water 


33 


UoES aralta 


. 250 1 


Wagellus Cornubiens. 1461,79 


Xeme isabini 


14'2 


liria alga 


• 76' 


Walang-kadda 


403 


Yacapitzahoac 


30 


— Alle 


71 


VVhapa vvhe whe 


234 


Yelper 


39 


— balthica 


80 


Wasserliuhn gemeine 


Ivi , 


Ynga 


321 


— Francsii 


78 


swarze 


16 


Yohoalcoachillin 


17 


— Grylle 


78 


Wasser-sabler gemeine 


37 i 


Yorongi, wrongi 


332 


— Grylloides 


81 


Wasser-tretter 


1 ■ 


Ypegazo 


.. 269 


— lacteola 


82 


Waw pew re way se pis 


213 


Yztacton Yahauhqui 


361 


— major 


74 


Way Way . . 233 


,234 


Zaagbek kleine 


209 


— niarmorata 


8S 


Weesel Coot 


209 i 


Zahme ente 


290 


— minor 


70,77 


Wetlia may pa wew 


261 


Zaramagullon nuir 


420, 422 


— . . nigra 

— .. striata 


79 
80 


Whewer, or whim 
Whilk 


324 
276 




e 449 
346 


Zee-duiker bruinkop 


— Ringuift 


77 


Wigeon 


323 


Zee-Eend bruine 


. 279 


— Suar-bag 


7G 


— American 


328 


Zee meeuw kleine 


133 


— Troile 


74,76 


— Cape 


327! 


Zwarte zee-end 


276 


Orile 


. 426 


— hen-beaked 


35 '' 


Zwergenle 


. 282 



AT the time of publishino; the (icncrul History of liirds, a 
tlivisiou of the subjects into Orders iiiul Genera was prelixed ; also 
a List of the Contents at the head of each fVenns, which was 
supposed to be sufficient for reference to the various articles. 'I'he 
Author, however, having been solicited by many of his subscribers 
to print a full and complete Index, he has acquiesced, having no 
doubt of its utility, particularly to the less informed Ornithologist. 
Having also consulted his friends, whether it would be preferable tfi 
give a general Index of the whole, or to each Volume separately, 
he has learned, that the latter mode would be more convenient ; and 
indeed one advantage will accrue from this arrangement, as the 
printing has been so managed, as to enable the possessor of a copy ot 
the \york to place the Index at the end of its corresponding Volume 
when bound up, or to retain the whole together, as may best suit 
his inclination. One circumstance, however, ought not to be passed 
over, in respect to the Work in general. It has been before observed, 
that the errors are chietly those of the press, yet a few of the most 
material require notice, viz. 



\'oi,. F. p. xvii. 1. 21, for Sulislmry ifiid 
('uHterburij — p. 78, 1.3, for 3| ii). read 
nine — p. IG'2, I. G, for white read black. 

Vol. II. p. 2, No. 77, lor great read erect. 

Vol.. III. p. 92, Note*, forPeof Fermiiii 
reail Pie of rermin—p. ;3()(), 1. 10, for 
Antivolaiis rend Altivolans. 

Vol. IV. p. 3, 1. 20, for Alcedo read Gal- 
hula— \u 89, 1. 2, for NUTHATCH read 
TODY — p.l82, 1. 14, for leucoptera read 
leucophcea. 

Vol. V. p. 128, 1.8, for LENGTq read 
LENGTH 



Vol. VI. p. 42, 1.18, for 3 inches r. ad 
l^in._|,. 159, 1.0.2, caucelif/. ed.u. K)5~ 
p. 20G, I. 24, for P'rance read Tanna. 

Vol. VII. p. 109, 1. 3, for yellow read 
black— p. 300, 1. 20, for Sparrow read 
Swalloro. 

Vol. VIII. p. 90, 1. 18, for two read three— 
p. 93, 1. 4, for Turdus read Turlur, 

Vol. X. p. 159, 1. I, for TERN read 
GULL— p. 195, 1. 13, for PEDREL 
read PETREL— p. 419, last line, erase 
Pitfield's Mem. 



■nvp 
I* '!^ 



lACUB ASB JUUNtON, rRIXTIlS, WISLJICttCIt 



H'l 



BIRDS. 



DIVISION I. LAND BIRDS. 



ORHIUI I. 



R A P A C I O I S. 









GEJSUS I. VULTURE, 




1 


Conclur 






10 Kolben's 


2:3 Aruhian 


•2 


Citlifomian 






11 Sociiihie 


24 Aliyssiniau 


3 


V\'liitP-win 


,'rtl 




V2 Angola 


2o Cliiiii-oii 


4 


\\ hitf-ruii 


ped 




l:j Maluse 


2<) ("liaironri 


5 


Kins 






1 t Pondicherry 


27 New Holland 




\ Varied 






15 ( 'inereous 


2S Clieriway 





'tinted 






10 li. ii-al 


20 Bold 


T 


L'lirrtou 






17 Asli-<oloiired 


m IMaiiitive 


fl 


Uruliu 






18 Mare 


31 Bearded 




A lotii 






10 In.lian 


A ^'ariety 


9 


Alpine 






20 Tawi.y 


B Cold.-n 




A Viiiii'ty 






21 <lin-i" 


C Variety 




jj Vaiietv 






22 <'lioeolatc 


32 Black 



1.N the Vulture fJt^nns the bill is strait, hooked chietly at the eiul. 
lJa>e ('o^ered with a iiaketl skin. 

Head, ehteks, and often the neck, either iiake-l, or ill clothed 
wilh down, or short hairs. 

B 



VOL. I. 



-^\ 







IMAGE EVALUATION 
TEST TARGET (MT-3) 




k 




/, 




O 



^^s 




^.^. 






:a 



u. 






1.0 



I.I 



1.25 



■^1^ Ilk 

•fc -.n Hill 2 



22 






v; 



<p 



/i 






>^ 








/A 



*v>:.<^ ^-^y 





Photognipliic 

Sciences 
Corporation 



33 WEST MAIN STREET 

WEBSTER, NY. MS80 

(716) 872-4503 




,<i^ 



jiT^i^ 






10 



(/j 




t a" 



o 



VrLTURFT. 



Neck, ntrartile. ('|•a\^•, often liangiiiir over the breast. lA'iia 
jtiul feet <'o^ ered >vitli ifreat scales. The outer toe joined to tlie middle 
one by a strong niend)rane. 

Claws larue, not inneli liooked, and }>lnnt. 

It may be observed, that tlie -shape of tlie l)ill does not sufti- 
« itntiv eharaeterise this uenus, as manv of the I'ah'ons have it str.iit 
at tlie base likewise, flioiitih, for the most part, the jHjint is nioie 
rrooked and sharp than in the Vidtnre. IV/haps the .scarcitv of 
feathers on the head and neek, and in many a total war.t of tlu in, 
may form a better distinetion. 

It is by all a^freed, that no true \'idtnre will kill its prey, 
eovetinu: onlv sneh aninnils as are alr<'adv «h'ad, and beoomini"- 
pntiid. I'hoiiiih it is mentioned, that lar^e flocks of them some- 
tiiius aliuht onasick or maimed animal, and, attackini>;it alto<;ether, 
tinisli ils existence, but this may be suppcjsed to happen only when 
piess<'d by extreme huni-er, as authors inform ns, that when left t-.» 
themselves thev rather i)refer H»-sh alreadv tainted than fresh meat, 
and their sense of snnllinu' beinii: ex<piivile, they are enabled to 
see:/! a dead carcase many miles oil*, and acconlinifly Hy to it from 
all (juarters. 

In this circumstance of their disposition T am clear, in r<^pe( t 
fo llie Carrion \'ultur<' of Jamaica — two of which I ';ept alivj' for 
some time in mv iraiden. Thev would, indeed, eat r,\w flesh, but 
expressed particular pleasm'e when any tainted Ibod Mas ottered 
them — tlntterin;;' with expanded winiis, and fallinif on with double 
a|>pearance of ajip<tite, as well as devourinir twice the qtiantity as 
at other times. 



It is observed that \'»dtures, in ceneral, are fewer in number i 



n 



proportion to the coldness of the climate, ami in the more northern 
renions, are wholly wanting;'. A kind dis|)osition of providence this, 
lest the putrid effluvia of the dead, should, in the lu»tfer countries, 
too nuich injure the health of the livinif. However, some will be 
found, wherein both the N'ulture and Falcon are so stronulv marked, 



n-i 



VULTURK. S 

in the same bird, as to make it doubtful where to phioe them. In this 
case, the manners, may, perhaps, determine. 

Vultures are not only greedy and voracious to a proverb, but 
by no means timid, for they prey in the midst of cities, undaunt«-d 
by mankind. This may, perhaps, happen from their not beiiii^ 
persecuted l»v anv n)an, and aris«^s from various causes, chietlv from 
their not beiiii^ oljuoxious to him, as injurious, or suital>le to his 
taste as food, on the contrary, they are, for the most part, heUI 
in veneration.* 

This tameiu^ss of the volatile creation, when not annoyed bv man. 
is manifest, from the accounts of our <'ircumna\ii;ators, who inform 
us, that in the more <l(sart places where they t<»uched, most kinds 
<»f birds wvw so familiar, as not to fly away at theirapproach, rc.iiard- 
ini? tlu'Ui niore as objects oi' >\onderthan fear. 

Authors vary greatly in their sentiments c<mceruiny: the A'nlture 
tribe, owini; to the very ditlJ rent |)hunau:e «d" manv <d' them while 
vouuii, and ifrowinuf to nuituntv, which is eiiuallv the case with 
many specie's of other nt-nera. On this head we ha>e endeavoured 
to reconcile the opinions of those who have nritten lonceruiuij; thmi, 
leaving? the reader to t'orm his own judirment. 

Vultures are divided bv M. Tennuinck into three i^enera — viz. 
^'autour, or true Vulture, this, in itself, is timid to a deyree, >\heii 
opposed to any livini^ binl, preyiuii; wholly on dead and putrid 
<arcases. The secon*!, or C'atharte, uhi<-h feeds both on livini'- and 
dea<l carcases — and his third, the (jyj)aite, which is a formidalde 
race, and preys, by cluuce, on every livinu; thinu: it can obtain 
the mastery over, never touchinu: carrion, except from the utmost 
necessity. 

• The Storks in IIollnuil nro a pro.-f of this, wnlkiiiff holdly in tlie nixlMIc of tin- stints, 
as if they knew nn oiw woulil liurt llicm, ami whirli is truly tlir fuv, ai tlmt (mts )n tlnnkii 
»nms.-lf fortunatf, who has a ni-st of tht-ni on his iliinim-y, mul if a .-tr:.ni?ur HhouM kill on.- 
piirposily, lu' would run the risk of beinj,' very ill treated, if not of losing his life l.y the 
enraged multitude, 

B •> 



TW 



TULTURE. 



l.—CO\DUR.— Plate I. 

VulHirfSryplius, /;«/. Or)i. i. ii.l, I.iii.Sif\t.'\. 121. Gm. Lin. \. 2-i!i. Klc'nt. Av. \>A5. 

lirls. Orn. i. 47:J. /(/. Rvd. 1:J7. liorowsck, Nut. ii. 02. Encyrl. Brit, xviii. ODTa 

|.l..'ilO. Raii. Sy,i. \\. II. Htimhold. f'ui/. pi. 8. U. 
Viilt\ir Mitj;«'lliiiiii'us, L.-r. .Miif. p. i. pi. I. tt'iiiiili*. 
Vultur ("oiulor, C'liiitliir, />'.'(/'. ois. i. ISl. J-'rrs. I'ln/. \i. 111. Condum. Votf. IT.'i. IMoliii. 

l'/iil.'£W. /</. I'r. i<l. 247. JJaiiit. Oni. lu p. «. .S7f«ii'» Zuo/. vii. p. 2. pi. 2.3. -t 
C'atliiirtf, 7V/». J/ii>/. t'd. 2. Aiuil. )>. xl\ iii. 
Sarioriimpliiis, \'iiltiir, ftiini, 
Coiidur Vulture, (,'ni. Si/ii. \. p. 4. LI. Sup, p. 1. Id. Sup. u, p. 1. pi. I. Uawkeau:. 

Votf. i. p. "r>. Wuvd's Zoogr. i. p. y71. 



i 


i. 


t 


( 

1 


jr- 




J 




«* 




i 





THE Cimdnr, fill >vitliin tlifso few yeuis, lins reniaiiud m 
i;reat obscurity, Jiaviiiu; hfeii contoniKitd with «>tht*rs of tin; same 
••emis, hilt as the Le\eriaii iMiiseiini was foitimately in possession tA' 
two speeiineiis ill eoniplete phiiiiage, we have been enabled to ^ive 
the tollowinu: deseriptioii. 

The first of these, in appearance a fidl-nrown male, measured, 
from file tip of one wiiiu: to that of fhe other, full ten feet. The 
bill stionu", inod«rately hooked, black, >\ ith a whitish tip ; nostrils 
near ihe base, ami depressed. The head and neck covered with 
cinereous down ; on the crow n, a lonu caniiHiilated membrane, as in 
the cock, nTeitiilarly indent<(l on fhe top ; part of the throat bare, 
with the appearain-e of a dilatable pouch, and a kind of pear-shaped 
pendulous substance in the breast, as in the Kini;- Vulture ; on fhe 
si<lesof the neck, a seiies of sev«'n or eiuht wrinkhtl profiiberances, 
not unlike those in fhe turkey. 'I'lu- lower part of the neck sur- 
roiiiulcd with a whit<- rutf, coiu|)osrd ol' loiiu; fine feathers, of a 
hairv texture. Lesser wiiiir co\erts wholly black, fin* ini<ldle ones 
the same, with areyish Avhite ends, forminu^ a bar when closed; 
fhe greater, half black and half white, divitled <d>li<piely : three 
first (piills black, the secondaries white, tipped with black. Tail 



!; i| 



1-1. I 







m 



i 



r< 

\t 
tl 

y 
it 



A 

ai 

.s< 
♦•: 
ir 
si 
tl 

fi 
ti 
h 
w 
V 



X 

(( 



Vl'LTURE. 



even, fourteen int^hes lontf, hhu'k ; tlii.uli featlurs I<mi^. I-^'ifs stout, 
reihiisli brown ; clsuvs black and bbuit. 

'J'lie otbi'r l»irtl had lU'arlv tin* sanu' cxteMt of u in^, was rather 



ess III si/e, 



I 
th 



but. 



except III waiitiiiu: the earuiiciilateu iiieiiibraiie on 



ted 



ibr: 



le crown, one description iiiiulit serve — >vhether this is a female or 
youn^ male birti, cannot precisely be said, but most probably the 
former. 

The above were brouirht from the Straits of ."Ma;;ellan, by 
('apt. .Middletoii, but they are als«i found in other (larts <»f Soptli 
America, and have been mentioned, thouu;li iiiipertectly, by various 
authors. 

In the year inOl, one is said to have been met with in lat.'W, 
.«iOuth, not far from the Ishiiul Afocha, in the South Seas, whose 
exti'nt of winjr was sixteen I'eet. This \\as black and Mliit*-, like a 
mairpie, and had a crest (»r comb, sharp, like a ra/or. The seamen 
shot it on a cliif by the sea side, ami supjiosinu- it to be a kind ot' 
turk»v, made a meal of it.* 

In Spilbnrp-n's Voyai:e, ch. 7. it is mentioned, that two 
fowls were taken in the Island of Louliest, in beak 



IS were rauen in iiie island oi i.,ouiiesT, m iieaK, winus, and 
talons, resemblinu: an eaiile, with combs on their h«*a«ls like cock*^, 
beinj;- two ells in heiuht. and three in breadth, Ironi the tip of (jiie 
wini;- to that of the other, when exttiidcd — and, in Ilawkesworth's 
Voyaijes,* one is said to ha\ebeen sh(»t at l*ort Desire, off Peiiicnins 
Island, of which this description is ui\cn : — '• The hea«l resembled 
" that of an eat>!e, except that it had a huiic coini) upon it. I{<»nnd 
" the lUM'k it had awhiterulf, I'Xactly reseinbliiiji a lady's tippet : the 
" feathers on the back as black as jet, ami as bniiht as the finest 
"jiolish could render that mineral : the lens were remarkably stroni; 
"and larife, ami the winirs, when extended, iiieiLsureil, from point to 
'• point, no less than twelve feet." 

• Phil. Tr.ms. IS. p. 01.— Ri.ii. Syn. Av. p. 11. 
t 'I'liis is not far from IVytu, in Suutii Aiiu'rica. 

; Vol. 1. p. 15. 



« 



VULTURE. 



Molina, in Iii^ History of Cliili, obs«.T>«'s, that lln- tVniale is 



soni«-nliat snialh-r than the male, brown in coli 



an 



nivniir no 



niti" 



round the ncrk, hut a small crest at tli«> naiM'. II«'savs, tlicv make 
'!»•• nrst amoni;: tin- most ina«-rcssihh> r«M-ks. and \u\ two uhife riitjs— - 
that llii'V lied on dead rarrases — and there iM-inu no \\ol\es in Chili, 
these birds snpply tin- plae«' of them, often tivinif in Hoeks, and 



prevmir on sliee|i and p»als. and e\en yoini 



iir eal 



\fs, if strav inif too 



far from their dams, (irst plnekinu' ont thee\es, and afterwards tear- 
intr them to pieees. ih\ this aeivmnt theeonntry people nse varions 
sfrataiiems to take or destroy sneh lieree enemies, for, when glutted 
with food, and nnabh lo rise freelN, thev attack them with cinbs, anti 
easily snbdne them : th. y are, howe\er, in jreneral, stdiiciently active, 
and know n to the inhabitants by the name of .Mancpn*. 

'J'his anthor adds that the laru^est se«'n b> him had an extent of 
winif exceeding" t'onrteen teet, and snpposes it to be the same as tl 



le 



r 



n'ftimeru'f'Ner o 



f I 



nroiie 



bnt we belie\e that, lM»wever similar 



tlicv may be in manners, these two birds are ilislinct fi 



oiii ea< 



h utl 



ler 



as sl)ecies. 



IS sai( 



'I'he ar'connt Jiiven by .M. Ilnndioldt i^reatly coincides with wliat 
I above, but obserxes, that he has not met with any speci 



men 



beyond three le«'t seven inches in len^iith, anil ei:iht t't'i'i nine inches in 
l>rcadth, thonuh he admits thev niav sometimes excce<l these dinieii- 
sions ;)!> an<l adds, that the colonr is not always black, bnt for 
the most part r.iven ^rey. 

The v<Minif bird is covi-red, for sevi-ral ni<»nths, w ith a deep thick 
down, so full .IS to enlarife the ajipearance to the si/.e of a fnll-iirow n 
binl. At thst the plnmaue is tawny brown, not arriviiii; at the 
black eolonr till after two years. 

In Deeeniber, 180J), a bird was exliibited in Pi.- adilly, alive, 
and failed a Condnr : it approached in size to that binl, but was 
uniformly of a brown antl dusky coiimr, vvitlunit the least trace of 



• III another place he talks of tlie diuuiikioiiii biing eleven feet. 



i 



vri.TlRE. 7 

uliltc (tn tlie Mintfs. 'Die li« ;ul iiaktd, an<l fiiniislK-fl witli aii 
»'li'va(«'<l, iii<lciit(-(l roiiih, with tlir a<i«litioii of uattlcs on the sitU v, 
Imt tin' naUrd paiis wliollv Ihowii. This Itird Mas nol \fv\ voniii:, 
havinu: Im-cii in posM-ssion of the owner more than t\\el\e nionth<^. 
It seems to torni a hnk hetut-en theC'omhir, now snllieienlly known, 
and the Calit'ornian \ iiltme, luit uliether alhed to either, or tonii- 
iiig a distinct species, \\t cannot at present (Uterniine. 



2.— CALIFOHM AN. 

VnItnr('iilif>>nii:iMns, Iiiil.Oni.Siip. ]t. Vi. \ut. Mi.ir.\t\.lH}\, Shaw's /.oul, \. \i'\. p. 10. 
('Htli;irlc, 'I'l-m. Man. iil. 'J. Aiml. |i. xlviii. 
Calit'oriiiiiii Viilliiiv, Urn. Syu, Sup. ii. p. •']. 



'I'lIlS is a hiriie species, nearly approaehinu; in si/e to theCVnuhir. 
The hill pale; plumaue in general hiack; Itnt the second (piillshave 
uliitish tips, an<l thewin;^- coverts in<'line to hrow n ; under wiii:^ 
covei-ts mixed with white. 'I'he w iniis, w ln-n c|o>.e«l, reach hcNoud 
the tail. 'I'he head and neck are hare and dusky ; across the hrrast, 
a darker har, aiul tw(» others ot* th<'same<»n the hin(l-hea<t ; the lower 
parts ot" the neck surrouiuled with a rutl' o|' shnder hIack leathers ; 
untler parts ot* the hody covered with louse downy ones. Tail, e\eti 
lit the end. Lei;s, black. 

This hinl was hronulit iVom C'alitoniiu, hy Mr. .Men/ies, in his 
expedition witli Capt. Vancouver, and is now in the IJritish Museum. 
It .seems to have some atiinitv with the C'oudur. 



8 



VULTURK, 



.3_wihti:-\vint;ki> 

IJ'iNCi'ril, thn-efet't; liill, l»lark; iri<l«'><, lnown; \wiu\ aii«l iwrli, 
l>aiv, iiiid the «'ol<nir of ran fl«'sli ; rfniml tlif* eye, and hark part ot' 
the liead, red l>roun, and do\Miy. The phiniaure, in general, dusky 
hiaek ; some ot' the hiFijer winu: eoverts, or second quills, white, with 
l>!aek ends, vivint; the a|)|)earanee, uhen the \vini;s are elosrd, 
ot' a wliite runij) — the second (|uills otherwise hrown, with Idaek 
ends; irreater 4|nills and tail, hjack : on the lireast, hare and white ; 
in the middle of it. a callous hi-own space, siniounded with red at 
the hasc — Itetore the thiu'hs, a second, much the same in appearance ; 
the tliiuh teathers hanu over the joint ; hirs, dusky red. 

Native place, uncertain. It seems to approach hoth to the 
Condurand (alifornian species, hut littw far allied to either, must 
rest on future observation. 



4— WIirriMU MPED. 



SIZR. un<vrtain : hill, moderately hooked ami hlack; cere, and 
the hase of the un<ier mandihle, dull oker coloiu' ; sides of the head, 
Vivund the eye. hare and red ; <-hin and throat the same. Plumaire, 
\\ holly deep hrown hlack, except the upper tail coverts, which are in 
ureat jiarl nhile; leys, stout and yelh»w ; claus, hlack and heut; 
the tail pretty lonu^ ; and the wings, when closcil, reach to ahout 
the middle of it. 

The ahove is descrihed from the collection of <lrauini;s, in the 
possession of John Dent, Es(j. ])nt without any account annexed, nor 
are we certain it is not allie<l to the preceding. 



» « ■ .» 



•1 II 




yo jtf/ /t(//t 



// ft 



I 



iii 



w 



ii: 



VULTURE. 



9 



5— KING— Pl. n. 

Vultur Papn, Tml. Oin.'i. 4. Lin. Si/sl.\. V2'2. Cm. Liii.'i. '240. Daud. ii. 9. pl.ix. 

Bris. i. 470. t. :)fl. I,L 8vo. i. l.}8. (ii-riii. i. t. 12. Borotcsk. Nat. Ixi t. 1. 

SiHilotciik. t'oif. i. t. 2. Leviiil. [>\. \ili. SiJirij'. d. Berl. (ifsscll, ix. t. 8 (caput). 

.Shatv, y.oul. \W. :]il. |il. \\\\. 
Rptriiiii Auninim. nill.:\\yi. Id. {Ant;!.) JJOO. 
\'iiltur Moiiac'liiis, K/fiii. .If. 1>. 4(L 
CozcML'ouiilitli, linii. I<>1. 
L'lrilxiruhicliii, lot/, dr .htirii, iii. p. 17. 

Tzo|>ilotl, 1) Ki-y «lo l<-s I5n)tn's, (iiihiii. ilf Miidriil. i. 4;). lam. 10. 
Rfi .les Vautours, Biijf. i. KiO. pi. (i. /'/. luil. 428. 
Catharte, Trin. ^lan. I'.d. ii. .Iiiul. p. xlviiL 
Kiiii^ Vultun-, Vt'H. Sffii. \. p. 7. Id. Slip. i\. p. 7, £.'(/u-. pi. ii. 



THIS eWffawt .»<pecif.s i.»< iihont the size of a lien turkey; len;ij^tli, 
hvo feet four iiH'lifs ; bill, l>liM'k iu the middle and red at the enti ; 
cere, orange e«doured, continued <m» the upper j)art, .so a.s to tbnn a 
canuKulated and tlentate*! .skin (tr flap, which hangs pendulous o\er 
tlie bill; round the eyes, .satii«>n colour; irid^-s, whitisJi; crown of 
the head and neck bare, and the uhole capable of being drawn into 
a large rurt' of loose a.sh coloured featheis, placed on the shoulders; 
a fillet i)f bUii'kish <lo\vn enconipjisses the l»ead, taking rise fmni the 
hind head; at the <*orner of the mouth, near the <?ye, is a purpli>h 
J)ro\vn s|>ot; plumage, re<ldish buff' c«tK>ur above, and beneath yel- 
lowish white; quills greenish bia<k ; tail bUick ; craw |)endulous and 
orange <"olou red ; legs dirty Mhite; chnvs black. 

Inhabits South Anieri<*a and the West Indian Islaiuls; lives on 
carrion, and e\<'rements <d' all kinds; preys also upon rats, li/ar<U, 
and snakes. Vmiu the natuie of the fiMwl, the smell of it is verv 
disagreeable. 1'he flight of this bird is saiti to be .strong, as it is 
often seen sus|)ending itself in the air very readily, against the most 
boisterous >\ ind. 

VOL. C. C 



.S'1 



10 



VULTUKE. 



Tlif Kins: Vulture is raiviv seen iu flocks of more than two or 
flirte tojivtlier, but more tVe<|uently nii\, one or more, with the 
<'!Hiion \'ultines, Mhi«'h are iu hiri;e troops, and |)ro]>al)ly from this, 
has ohtaiui^l the name of Kins;- of the Vultures. 

It (l»»es not ifaiu the complete pluuiai>-e till the fourtli year — iu 
the tirst it is \\]i«»lly of <lusky l»lue, with only the rump aiui belly 
white, |)uttin,<; on «liftereut apptannuvs from year to year, till it uaius 
the entire dress of the adult; said to lav onlv two eiriis. 

A.— Lf Koi do \'aut(i'u> Viiiii', Li mi/. ()i\, [il. 1:J. (,'i'ii. Si/ii. Sup. ii. p. 8. 



This seems to he a variety froin ai;e, haviuu: many ])laek feathers 
mixed auiouu' the white ones, on the neck an<l u|>per j)arts. JIeu«'e 
JM. Le\aillaut supposes that these birds are black or dusky uhilt 
vouuii', and chauiiv to the pure white, or crciuu coloiu", as they ap- 
proach the adult state; and, iuiieed, Damjjier nn^ntions that s<»me 
are altoiicther white, Imt their feathers look as if they were sullied, 
u ith bald heads and necks like the rest ; and ad«ls, we never see above 
one or two of these t<»uether, and seldom a great nnndjer of bhuk 
ones without a white one among' them. 



VULTURE. 



11 



6— PATNl'ED- 

Vultur Sacra, White UilcU Vulture, Bnrtr. Tr. 148, 28r>, 490. Dump. Voij. ii. pi. 2. 

p. (>7. 
Vautour u Queue Dlaiicltf, Vieill. AHier. i. (>. 2(t. 



Tins is tliouuiit, by Mr. Tiuti-ani, to ditti-r specifically from tlie 
King' Vulture — savX to l>e alwMit the size 4»f the ('arri«ni sj)eeies, hut 
the wiujjs much shorter, and theretoreof less extent, and more difti- 
c\dt fliiiht. The bill lonir, .strait to near the point, where it is bent 
and sharp; irides, u"<»ltl i-oloureil ; head and neck, alm(»st as t'ar as 
the stomach, bare; the citjwn red, with lobed lappets, of a reddish 
oraniie, lyinif on the base of the upper mandible; the skin of the 
neck, loose and wrinkled, briirht ix'd, intermixe<l with cor.d red, the 
Jiind part nearly covered Mith .shoit stiff hair, the colour of {\\\\\ 
purple, jy:radually chana;ini!,- to red, as it appn>aches forwards; on the 
breast before, a pouch or Mallet, naked and pear shaped, not \erv 
conspicuous, unless the stomach is full ; roun<l the lower part of the 
neck the feathers are loui; ami .soft, torminii: a ruti", into which the 
bird <*au contract, and hide the head au<l neck at will. Theplumaiie 
of the body, white or cream c<doured, biit the ipiill.s, and two or 
three rows of the coverts, lieautiful dark brown; tail, large and 
white, tipped with dark brown i>r black ; legs clear white. 

This Mr. IJaitram met with on the Moschito Uiver, about New 

Smyrna, in Kist Florida, an<l talks of it as a new species, by the 

name of Painted \'ulture. The Creek Indians, or Muscogulges, 

construct the royal stan<lard of the tail feathers of this bird, calling 

it bv a name which signifies the Eaule's Tail. It is carried by them 

when they go to battle, but is then painte<l with a zone of red 

within the brown end. This standard is held mo.st sacred by them, 

and ornamented with great ingenuity. These birds .seldom appear 

c -2 



I If 



12 



VULTURE. 



l)nt >vlien the «l{^salls are set on fire, uMeli liappens almost daily, in 
some part or other, for the pnrpose of ronsinif uraine, &c. ; and not 
nnfre<inently by lightning, by which mnltitudes of serpents, frous, 
iiud lizards, are scorched to death, and serve as dainty morsels to the 
^'ultnres, which flock to snch parts, to feed on them, and often mo 
ulut themselves, as to full an easy prey to the hunter. 



7— CARRION— Pt. Iir. 



ViilturAura. Fiid. Orii. 1. p. 4. Liv. .Syv<. 1. 122. Cm. Lin. \. 240. Daud.W. 10. 

Sliati'\i Zool. vii. 30. Amer. Orn. ix. 90. pi. 75. 1. 
Vultur Bnisilieiisis, Unibu, Tzopilotl, Anra, Raii. p. 10, 180. JVill. 60. Id. A'lgl^ 

08. Briss. i. 408. /</. Sro. 1.J5. Klein. Ac. 44. Oerin i. 1.-13. 
(iallinuzo, Vlloa. It.W. Id. f'oi/. b6. 
L'AuabiniVi f'ut/, d'Aziir. iii. j). 23. 
Vaiitourdu lircsil, liiijW. 175. 
('atliarti', Tern. Man. lul. 2- Ana/, p. xlviii. 
Turkey Buzzard, Vat, Car. i. pi. Phil. Trans, xvii. 991. 
Carrion Vulture, f.V/i. 5yH. i. p. 5. Id. Sup. \>. 2. Shun. Jam. W. p. 2.')4. Brown Jam. 

471. Z>(iw/>. r'«J/. ii. pi. 2. p. 07. ///-c/. Zoo/, ii. No. 80. Wood's Zoogr. i. 3/75.. 



I 



THIS bird is nearly the same size as the King Vulture; jjeneral 
length, about two feet; extent of wina:, four feet or more; the bill 
white, with a black tip; irides, bluish .saffron colour; the head and 
]y.ivt of the ne<'k, bare and rufous red ; si«les of the hea«l warted, as 
i:i the turkey; whole |)linna,u:e, brown black with a purplish and 
/ifieen i>loss in different liifhts; ({uills and tail .somewhat darker than 
the rest, the last near seven inches loni;-, and cuneiform ; legs tlesh 
colour, smooth before; at the usual place of the ne<.'k the feathers 
are rather fuller and more slender, but .scarcelv sufficient to consti- 
tnte, >vhat may be called a ruff, except in very old birds. 






jUli 


i 


flMliJ 


i' 


1 


I'l 


■ 1 


\ 


[ 

1 


1 


; .IMJ 


liiJU 




ii 



! II 





! 

! 
1 


M 


k*L^_.. 



Vl'LTlRI!. 



13 



Tliis iiiliahlts hotli N«»rtli aii<l South AnKrira, as also (In- MVst 
Tiulia islamls, ami very romiiioii in Pai-aifiiay. It lV»'«ls on dead 
rairassis, snakes, an<( other rejitiles, and, tVoni this eirennistanre, 
heeonies very oHensive in smell. It is •jre.uahons, restin;r, in nnni- 
Iters, on trees, dnrint; tlie niifht, in the manner of rooks in Enrope. 
Makes the nest on mountains covered nith bnisli>v<M»d, in a hollow 
tree, or loir, laving two and sometimes as far as ftMir white eijtfs, with 
reildish markings, about "iiin. loni; and 'iin. broad — is seen about 
IVnsylvania in sunnner, passini; to the -ionth as winter approaehcs. 
These are esteemed most useful in i\\e jilaees where they resort, and 
secures their safety, uhirh is further promoted by a penalty tor 
killintr one, and this law was, imt many years since, in force, if not 
continued to the present tim**, in Jamaica and other AVest India 
islands. \>hen taken yountr, >vill often become very tame, if not 
familiar. Two of them having been brought alive to Kiii^land, 
were given to lue, and inhabited my garden, with some degree of 
cordiality, cluring one sunnner, but an unexpected cold night killed 
one of Ihem; and though additional shelter was afforded to its com- 
panion, itdiil not long survive.* In a wild state, their scent is most 
e\quisit<*: if a hog or other animal is killed, they co!le«'t in num- 
bei"s, from considerable ♦listances, a few minutes after; — young hnnbs 
frequently fall a prey to them, its well as pigs, soon after their being 
farrowed. 

The general measure of those found at Georgia, in America, 
according to the information of Mr. Abbot, is 2JJin. from the point 
of the bill to the end of the tail ; extent of wings, si.x leet. 



• M. il'Azani confirms it, and im utions more tlum oiu' instuiicj', when- tlie bird would 
follow his inii.tter, for srviral U-asjues, whin on a journey, hy flyiuf;^ over his iieiul, iind sk-e|.in'^ 
ut nit,'ht on the top of thf esirriajfe; aiwl that it is not unfrequent to bee these birds tame about 
,1 house, like otlier dumestic iinimuls. 



u 



vuLTrnE. 



8— I RTBT . 



Vultur I'riihu, I'lfillitt Ois. Amrr.in. |>l.2. 

Vultur Atratiis IMiirk Vulturi-, or Currioa Crow, Barlr. Tr. KK). 'iW. Amrr. Orn, 

ix. 11(4. |.l. T-'i. '2. 
Vautoiir ilii IJroil, pi. rnf. IS". 
1/Iril.u, roif.fl'Azar. lii. |>. tK). 
t'uthurte, Tern. Mini. vd. '2. Aiml. p. xlviti. 



^[.l 



Tins is smullrr tliiiii flu* lust — tlif^ h-niftli 2-')in. hiviultli 4{t. 
10 in. hill 'ii- ill. loiiu, :in(l lei^s uliitr; iridts ivildisli liii/«|. T\w 
iirjid aiui Ufrk sire niveivil with ;i pjilc asli (>(»loiire<l down, mixed 
with a tew liiiirs, lint not raniiiriilated : tlie |iliiiiiau:e, plain hinisli 
lipy, l)ut in (dd hinls nearly IdaeU, ^itli some deufiee of ^loss; 
winiis vllowisli white heiieath ; the tail shorter than in tlie hist 
deserihed, and even at tlie end ; the hill and je^fs are hoth nither 
lonirer than in tlie Carrion A'nitnre. 

Iidiahits the wanner parts of Aineriea. e^pially with the other, 
and tlMMiuh eertainlv distinct, the two have heen trenenillv mistakeii 
for one and the same sp^'cies — indeed, the manners <|4» not essentially 
ditler. hilt the I'rnlMi does not tly with the same ease as the Carrion 
species; it seems to lahonr more in tliu:ht, tlappin:; the win,nse(»n- 
sideiiihlv, then sails for a little wav, but is soon ohlii;e<l to tlap the 
winiis ai^ain, as if recovering itself from falliiiic. This species is 
rarelv seen noi-th of Carolina, and said to hnild its nest on the rocks,* 
laviiiir t\^o sooty white eifus; is common in Cieorgia, with the former. 
Mr. Ahbot observes, that the two will by no means feed on each 
other, for though they may be allured by the scent of a dead compa- 
nion, and meet in numbers on the spot, not one will attempt to eat it. 

• Or lar^n trees in low wet swamps, and to f,'o there every evening to roost. Amer. Orn. 



vai 



MP9P 



VITLTITRE. 



15 



Viiltm'ps in t;('iu'i-.il. uliiU' yoiiii;;, an* rovn'iMl uitli :i tliii k 
uliitisli ilowii ; so it is with the |ii-rs(iit one, u'ivini; the :i|i|M:iriiii( <•, 
iit a «lisliiiir»', of a wliitf hinl, hut this <Iu\mi is hy «h'un« s thiii«.f 
;i>i<l<', as lh«' ti'iic t'cithi-rs si|)|M-ai'. 

Iii(h-|M-iHh-iit ol' othrr tutxl, hoth the last <lcsci'ih< «l (oiD-iir in 
«h'stro\ in^" thi' «',u:i;s ul" the alhiiatnr, whirh arr «h'|Htsil«'(|, to llic 
nnuiht-r at h-ast of' l(N) in ra<'h nest, which is in t'onn of iin ohtusr 
ront', funr fret hiu'h, an<l more in (haint-ti'i*, hcinu' <-onsti-nrt(-<l with 
inn<l. urass, antt hnhau'c; in this the c.u.U's nn- hiid, hiNrrnpon hi\«i', 
till the whole is (jciiositt-d, and they arc hatchid hv thr w;n'intli ni 
the sun: lint tin- \'nhin'cs keep Wiit<-li. an<l as soon as the iilliuutor 
• lepaits, seiaiie away the sand, and destioN as many ot" tin- cut's 
as they ran, as they tninisji to them a delicate repast. 'I'he nalixes, 
too, think the e.Li'tfs tiir iVoni des|Mcal)lc.'.« 'I'hey are a fame s|M'cies, 
ami walk, without tear, ahont the town, where the ho^- Initchers 
reside, in ureat nninhers, like domestic fowls, and qnarrel w ith cm h 
other lor the otlid.t 



A.— y.iltm lotii. Iiu!. Oni. i. .'>. R. 3. Milni. CliU. 'iJO. /</. id. gal. -240. *■.//(. Lm. 
i. 'J47. 5. 3. 

This is said, by Molina, to haye a irrey hill, with a hhn k point ; 
the pinmaue wlndly hiack, except the (piills and le<;s, which are 
hrowu; head coyered with u ron^h rnfons skin. ^Vhen yonnu the 
hird is nearly white, ihanyin';- into black hy«lea:rees; tirst a black 
spot appears on the back, which giadually enlarges, till the whole 
body becomes of that colom*. It is desc'ribed ;us an inihdent species, 
making a careless nest of dry leaves and feathers, in the 1m»I1ows of 
rocks, and stHiietinies on the ,u;ronnd, and lays two white egijs. 

>[. Vieillot, who mentions this bird, thinks that it is not a 
variety of the foregoing, bnt a young one, in imperfect plumage. 

• Sec BiirtrHin's Travels, 
t -Mr. Aljbot. 



16 



VULTURK. 



t^ 



9.--ALPINE. 

Vulfur PLrcnoptcrus, /iirf. Or/i. i. p. *2. Lii). St/sl.\. l'2ii. Cm. Lin. \. 249. Gmel. Tt, 
iii. .3()4. J). ;37. lioroxfsk. \at.u. <)5. .V«/. 3//*f. pi. 141. Shuw. Zool, \W. p. 3."}. 
in. Arng. p. <>7. Scpp. I'og. Tx. t. p. ;jf>r>, 

Le Perciiopterc, XJi//. i. 149. PI. Eiil. Alii (tke feiiialf). Levail. I'oy. Svo. i. 48. £)ai<(/. 
Oni.ii. 1;). 

(irossi'Nter (ieytT, Xutiirf. 8. S. 41. 

Catliarte, 7Vw». Man, ed. 2. .4iiiil. p. xlviii. 

Alpine Vulturi', Cfii. Si/ii. \, 12. Id. Sup. \). 3. Sttp.'ti. j). 4. 



THIS measures often more than two feet in length — the hill is 
hiark, with a yellow eere ; head antl neck covered >vith a pale 
yellowish down, at the lower part the feathers narrow and elongated, 
l)nt scarcely in cpiantity snfiicient to be called a rutf. 'J'he pluniaue, 
in general, is whit«*, except the quills, which are black with hoary 
edi>es, and the two outer whollv black. 

A.— Vultiir .i:j,'ypti!is, Ind. Oni. i. p. '2. No. .'i. /3. Bih. i. 407. /(/. Svo. 1. 131. Cm. 

Liii.i. 24!). Bvhn.Ohs. 110. t. p. 111. AUIr.Av.x. 378. t. p. 379. 
.•^MCIV (l'l''i;ypti', ll»f. i. I(i7. 
l'".rfjptian Vultiirr, <jVh. .S'//H. i. "l-'j. 






f! 



Size of a kiti?, witli the plumai;'e of a rufous ash colour, spotted 
with brown; in otlrer respects not unlike the last, and is probably a 
youni^ bird. Is connnon about the Pyramids of E<jfypt, livinjj- on 
• "iirion, an«l is, as well as tire Ibis, in .i»reat esteem, for destroyinir 
snakes and reptiles; hence it may be observed frequently engraven 
in j)Iatcs — is called, about Grand Cairo, Achbobba.* 

* Slia« '^ Tra^ . ii. pp. 9. 92. 



■i 



w. 



VULTUIIE. 



17 



n._Vultiirfiilviis. fnd. Oni. i. p. 0. Brif. i. W-2. Id. 8vo. i. l-Tl Criii. Oni. i. t. 10. 

<;me/. It. iv. 17i>. Pull. ii. .\ortl. B.ylr. \\. JS. Giit. Lin. 1. •241>. Daiul. Orn. ii. 

17. 5/iuif. Z»«/. vii. 1..-27. pi. 11. yt-Hi. ,VaH. p. .-1. A/, a/. 2. p. l>. 
> nltur fulvus li(i"ti(<> coiiijriur, /f<n/ j>. 10. Will.\t.:U>. t. 4. f. I. 
CnH'on, /?«/'. I. 151. liohrrt. Ir. pi. \. 
Fulvous Vulturi-, Gcii. St/ii. i. 17. Will. Eiit;. (>7. ^/A. in. t. 1. 

THE lenffth of tliis bird is .3ft. fjin. breadth 8ft. bill bine irrey, 
with a black tip: hea<l, ne«k, and rntf, white; plninaife, above 
nifons jLiTey, ^ith some mixture of white on the vvina; coverts : (piilK 
and tail black : the mi<ldle of the breast bare of feathers, beiny; «»ul\ 
covered with down, like the neck : un<ler parts of the body mi\e<l 
with rnfons iirey ; leii^s downy, and ash <'oloinv«l ; claws black. 

The dirticnlty of ascertaininu: the ditiereiit sjiecies is in no 
instance stroniier than in the Vultnre Genns, as has lieen elsewhere 
reniarke<l. This is likely to tnuitinne, nnless the traveller and man 
of science coidil be oftrner miited in one person. 

In resp«'ct to the three last des<'ribed binls, it has been noti<'e(l, 
iiy a very intelli<>ent natnralist,* and accnr.ite observer, that they all 
form bnt one species, which he had the opportiniity of identifyinu', 
durinif a loni*- residence at Gibraltar, at which place they are to be 
.seen in all their varions stajjes, at «litt"erent seasons; i^reat allowance 
beiii ^ likewise made, not only for the diti'erent periods of aiie or sex, 
independent of the bird being in a healthy and plump state, or in 
an ennu'iated condition. 

These inhabit the rock of Gibraltar, at varions seasons ; sup- 
posed to come from Barbary, and other parts of Africa, in their way 
to Spain, wliere they are also met with, and, we believe, occasionally 
in other warmer parts of Europe. They generally pass in flocks of 



• The lute Uev. John W'iiitf, wlio had hist doubts whether even the Cinereous Vulture was 
not ii further variety. 

VOL. I. D 



■M 



f'l 



18 



VlLTl'KE. 



'I 






( I 



i'orty or fifh, find some fall in or near (iibraUar, from fatiyiic, beini; 
t'xliausfed frcuu the leiiju,tli of their tiiuht, and will freciiieiitiv hecoint 
tame. Thev aie, in general, .slujigish and timid, JHinu' afraid even 
t>f the common poultry. The flesh of dead animals is the food thev 
most i»reedilv search after, and the more i)ntiid, the nM»re atrreeable; 
but as to fish, it is generally rejected. 

They are fond of rolling themsehes in the dust, like common 
poultry: when wetted by rain, expantl, and flap their wings, in 
order to dry them, like the corvorant. In a .state of continement, 
are' observed not only to drink water, but delighted when a quantity 
of it is thrown over them. 

M. Levaillant says, they are met with frequently at the Cape ot 
Ciood Ifoj)e; and M. de la Peirouse* observes, that the adult malt 
is white, the female brown, and whilst growing, and yet young, are 
often of a })ale colour; spotted yellow an<l brown above, and 
yellow beneath, and difler so materially from the old ones, as to 
tleceive the inexperienced. 

Cxmelin found the Fulvous and Golden Vultures together, oi» 
the Alpine Mountains of Persia. 

In Gen. Hardwicke's drawings is a Vulture, three feet or more in 
length ; head and whole neck bare of feathers, but white and rather 
downy; round the eyes and chin dusky; bill black, moderately 
hooked ; irides brown ; on the breast a bare ])endulous craw or crop, 
pear shaped, near five inches long, and dirty flesh colour; upper 
part of the plumage in general tawny brown, the feathers marked 
down the shaft with a pale streak; under pails of the body pale 
yellowish, with paler streaks on the thighs; quills and tail black; 
legs ash coloured, spotted with black ; claws black, and hooked ; 
seen at Cawnpore, in January. 






* Neu. Abh. der Scliw. Ac. ik-r Wiss. S. 19. 



1 



VULTURE. 



19 



10— KOLBENS. 



Viiltur Kolbii, Ind, Orn. Sup., p. I. Daud. 1. p. 15. Tern. Man, d'Orn, p. 4. Id. ed. 2. 

p. 6. 
Le Chasse-fiente, Levail. Ois. pi. x. 
Kolbeii's Vulture, Gen. Si/n. Sup, ii. p. 12. 

THIS is not quite so big as the last, but more common. The bill 
is pale lead colour; irides deep brown ; head and neck bare, except a 
few Rcatteretl hairs, and of a pale dirty yellow ; round the lower part 
of the neck is a pale coloured mW of loose feathers; the plumage is 
mostly pale tawny yellowish, or Isidjella colour; quills and tail black, 
the latter very little exceeding. The male is .smaller than the female. 

Inhabits ever\^ where in Africa, but the Sociable Vultm-e chietly 
in the confines of the European i)lantations — it fi'equents the rocks or 
high mountains, \^l»ich cover the ])oint of Africa from Cape Town to 
I'alse Bay. Is a voracious and tame species, approaching tiear to 
habitations, and even the streets of the Cape, feeding on every kind of 
otlkl, devouring also crabs, shell fish, land turtles &c. M. Temminck, 
supposes it to belong to the Fulvous Vidture, and a bird in imperfect 
plumage. 

M. Levaillant observes, that it is different from the Alpine 
\^dture, as it has not the heart-shaped spot on the breast. Tl»e 
colour is greatly different, and the wings longer in proportion— is 
probably a young bird, of the fojltjwing species. 

Kolben's Vulture is said to be larger than a wihl goose, partly 
black, partly light grey ; bill sharp and crooked, and the tahms very 
large and sharp; that they are in bodies of 100 or more; will attack 
a sick or tired ox, and devour him, beginning at the belly, and so 
tear out the flesh from under the skin, as to leave nierelv that and the 
bones, before tiiey (juit the carcase. 

1)2 




20 



VULTURE. 



11— SOCIABLE. 



Jl 



I i 



Vuhur aurirularis, LuL Orn. Sup. p. i. Daudin, Orn. ii. p. 10. 
L'Oricou, Levaill. Ois. i. pi. 9. Shaw's Zoot. vii. pi. 10. 
Sociiible Vulture, Syn. Sup. 2d. p. 11. 



THIS is a \nrge .species, and measures ten feet from wing to wing 
extendetl. Hie bill motierately hooked, pale brown ; cere horn colour; 
irides chesnut brown; head and neck naked, flesh coloured, beset 
with a few stniggliiig brownish hairs; throat blackish; plumage, 
above dark brown, the edges of the feathers paler; at the back of the 
neck a pale brown nitF; and some loose feathers of the .same, mixetl 
with white, hang over the breast, continuing to the vent ; into this 
ruff the bird draws down his head at will. Tlie thighs are covered 
below the knees with whitish down ; untler pails of the body the same; 
tail somewhat cuneifonn ; legs brown and scaly ; claws black. 

Inhabits the interior of the Cape of Good Hope, but not .seen at 
the Cape itself; builds among the rocks, and lays two or three white 
eggs. Is not the most .solitary species, for three or four nests have been 
found by the side of each other. The natives call it Ghaip. By the 
l>utch colonists it is known by the name of Black Carrion Bird. 



ili 



.» . 



' i. ! 



VULTURE. 



21 



12— ANGOLA. 

Vultur Anj^oleiisis, Ind. Orn. i. p. 7. CIm. Lin. i. 252. Mus. Lev. t. i. Daud. Orn. ii. 

pp. 21. 27, 
Catlmrtes I'trcnopterus, Catharte .\limoche, Tern. Man. (V Orn. p. 5. 
L'Ouriffouwp, Lecaill. Oin, 62. pi. 14. 
V'autour ik- Norvcffe, PL enl. 429.* 
Uaclmiiiah, Bruce Tr. h. i. p. IftJ. 
Angola Vulturt', Gen.Sijn.'u 18. Penn. JVales.'u 228. t. 19. 

THIS is about half as big again as the kite — the bill uhitisli, 
long, and but little hooked ; cere bluish ; orbits flesh coloured and 
naked; irides straw coloured ; head and neck clothed with feathers; 
craw pendulous; plumage in general snow white; greater wing 
roverts and primaries black, the last tipped with white; lower pait of 
the tail black, the end white ; legs dirty white and scaly. 

Two of these were brought from Angola, and placed in the 
collection of Richard Parry Price, Esq. at Brynn y Pys; they \\^'l^v 
\ery restless and quenilous, and more active than is usual Mith this 
shiggish race. One of them wits preserved after death, and long fiUed 
a place in the museum of the late Sir Ashton Lever. Levaillant foinid 
it at the Cape of Good Hope. 



* In this Plate the tail is wholly wliite. 



II 

1. 


T^ 


n 



22 



VULTURE. 




13— MALTESE. 

Vultur fusnis, /;if/, Orw. i. p. 5. f.'w. LiM. 1.248. Bris.\.4ib. Id. i\\n. \'.iO. Daudin. 

Orn. ii. p. 18. Tern. Man.d'Oni. p. 5. 18. Id. Ed. 2. p. 9. 
Vultur Vilii'm, Zool, dfs Pyr, (Piest de la Perousc). 
A\oltaio, Grift'oii, Cvt. Vc Sard, p. 1. 
Vautour <k' Maltf, Bii/.\. l(>l. PI. enl. 4-17. 
MaltL'se Vultiiro, fVcH. Si/h. i. lo. 



i;«' 



JJt 






w 







' 


I' 


1 ! 

, -i 


■ ! 
}■ 



SIZE of a siiiiill tiiik«n . Bill hlark ; liead rovered uitli !>rowii 
<loun; neck clothed wifli narrow featliers; plnina<'e in ;u:eneral brown: 
pnnie qtiills darker, and white at the tips, spotted with brown ; tail 
urey broM n ; leffs naked, yellowish. 

This is not uncommon at Malta and Sardinia. We haye supposed 
it to be a further \ariety of the Ash-coloured V'ldture, but, accordinir 
to M. Teinniinck, it is a youn^ bird of the Angola Vulture, in the 
first yeaiN plumage. 



14— PONDICIIERRY. 

Vnltiir Pontici'iiaims, /)((/. Orw. i. p. 7. Z>aM(/. ii. p. 11. Shaw's Zool. \n. y>.2^i. Aa^ 

Misc. pi. i)41. 
Vautour Royal <le Poudicliery, Son. Voy, Iiid. ii. p. 104. 
Pondiciierry Vulture, Gen. Syn, Stip. p. 0. 

SIZE of a goose. Bill black, hooked, short ; base naked ; head 
and neck naked an<l flesh coloured; hind head and between the bill 
and eves dow ny, and flesh coloured ; neck and breast tutted with fiu«' 
feathers; on each side of the neck a fleshy carunculated membrajie, 



th. 
Hi 



VULTURE. 



23 



rrarliiiiir from the enrs to the lower pait of the neck ; jjhunaire in 
ueiieriil otherwise bhick ; lei;s yellow, 

rnhahits the neighbourhoo<l of Poudicheny ; also f< •uiul about 
JJeiigal, and other parts of India. 



15.— CINEREOUS. 



^P 



Viiltur I'iiit.'reus, Jnd. Om.'x, p. 1. (imcl. Lin.u p. 2-47. RaiiSi/n, p. 9. Will.Orn. 

!)..%. Klein. Av. p. 44. Id. Ov. p. IS. t. .'i. J", ."i. riiun. Arag. p. 07. Daudin. 

Oni. p. 10. Dris.Orn.\. p. 4o:J. /</. Svo. I3(t. Bi-ckst. Ihuhch.W. ^.Wil, t. vlil. 

Tvm.I\Ian.d'Orn. p. 2. Id. Ed. 2. p. 4. 
Anian (l.vtr, N.Sdtw.Abh. liS. 100. Allii. L',h.d. Voi;. I. !>. 004. 
Vantour, Biif.Ois.i. p. 158. t.5. i'/. E/i/«w.42.'i. 
Cinereous Vulture, Ceii. Syn.i. p. 14. fVil/. Oni. Eiii-l.td. p. 00. No. 1. 

THE length of this bird is3ift. breadth 7|tt.; the head and 
upper |)art of the neck covered \\ith brown down; under the throat is 
a kind of beard, composed of feathers like hair. The lienend colour of 
the plumage brown, but the quills and tail incline to ash colour; 
Ihisson says, the legs are feathered to the toes, which are yellow ; the 
<laws black. In the PI. Eiilum. however, they are bare of feathers : 
and M. Temminck assures us that they are so. 

Inhabits various parts of Euiope; according to Beckstein, the 
length is 4ft. the breadth 9ft. thetaill4in. long, and the ^^ings, when 
closed, reach three-fourths thereon. He says, it frecjuents uKnmtains, 
but in the winter is cliietly seen in the plains, where it attacks sheej*, 
hares, goats, and even deer. The farmers suffer severely from this bird, 
as it will frequently pick out the eyes of sheep, but as it is not a very 
shy species, it gives the huntsman some advantage, added to liis being 
well paid for shooting so destmctive an enemy. 



ir V 



24 



VULTURE. 



16— BENGAL— Pl. IV. 

^'^lltnr Bt-DsjiiU'ii.-is, /«(/. Orw. i. |>..'J. (,in. Liii.'i, 24.'), Sliaw's Zoul. sW. p.'W. Tt'm, 

Mm. /•:</. •>. p. ."). 
Viiltur I't'ri'iiiipterus, Fern, lla.ssilii, It.'HW, III, Eiig. 194. 
IJpni;iil Viihuri', (iiii. Si^it.'i. 19. pi. 1. A/. .Vi//). p. 3. 

THIS is -J^tl. ill li'iiutli; bill ilaik loloiueil; irides hrown; upper 
eve-lid lunlislied with liiiiis, like eve-lsislies; head and net'k covered 
with brown down, but (piite ))are on the fore part trom the ehin to the 
brea>t ; round the lower part of the neck a sort of loose ruti* eoniposed 
of loniiish narrow feathers; the plnniaije in general davkJnowu; the 
shalts of the feathers pale; quills nearly black, with the same pale 
shafts; on the under j)art of the body the feathers are paler, but do not 
ureatJN ditier; the e'rop hanus over the breast, as in some others of this 
genus; legs strong, waited, deep lnown; elaws bhick. 

'J'his was brought from IJengal. Levaillant says, the .size is e<|ual 
to that of a turkey, and eonsidering it its a species, thinks it to be the 
female, and that the male is ])ale dirty rufous white; the head, beyond 
the eves, and throat, bare and siitiron cohuired; the re.st of the neek 
b( hind feathered, but on the fore part «lowny; quills nearly bla<k. 
The female is larger than the male, and the plumage les.s tinged with 
red. This author achls, that it frecpients the sterile lanils of Karow and 
Camdeboo, as also the country of Ilottintjiui, and other parts aliout 
the Cape of Goml Hope; chiefly .seen in pairs, except attracted by 
numbers of dead or putrid animals, when ten or twelve have been seen 
in a flock. They build among the rocks, and lay four eggs; feed on 
|)ntrid flesh, also lizards, snakes, frogs, and even excrements of beasts ; 
are naturally tame, and not diflicult to be shot. Dr. Shaw obser>'es, 
that they are in abundance about Cairo, where it is a great breach <»f 
police to kill them, being esteemed .sacred. 



1 

m 


t i 


1 

H 



'1^ 



I IV 




^mmfm 



ViaTlRE. 



95 



This binl is mcII rcpres^ntod among tlu; dnnvings of Sir Ji>lin 
Anstrutlior, and about 4()in. in Irnufli. TIm* ))ill black; luad uiu{ 
lu'ck bale; iUv ruiY round tin* ncrk loose; sai<l lo be very (*oninion at 
Hindustan, wlitTe it is rallr<! (inn*a; in otlnr parts of India knoun 
by the name of Knre^es. The bird here ihseribed is by sonn* supposed 
to be the youn<r of the Anuohi Vulture, but \ve ratlier thiidv it to be 
llie Cinereous speeies, in its innnatnre feathers. 



r 



ASII-COUX KKI). 



\'nlt\ir Ifiicncepliiiliis, Intl. Orn,'\. ]>.'2. Uris, \. -ICAi. lit. Sro.'i. I'.i4. 

\'iiltiir |>cmio|>teriis, //n,(,»/7f/. //. 2(M). //. I'usff(,27, I'dun. A raff. Ii7. 1. 

^'ultur cintTfus, fi'eriii. i. t. 14. //r/. .Stiickh. IT.'il. IIKI. Ilassfli/. 

\ iiltur Altius, /to». U). fi. lyUl.'.ib.O. Id. Eii^'.tn. A'Aiii. 44. &. A/. Or. 18. t. 

fi. i.ii. 
Lv Pftit V'autoiir, Bti/. i. 104. 
Asli-colourt'd Vulttiri', f.V/i. Si/n. i. y. l-l. fur. A. 

THIS is said to be about the .size of a large co<k ; the body 
soot coloured, spotted with chesnut; head and neck wlnte, marked 
with brown lines; quill half white and half dn.sky; ba.se of the tail 
white. Brisson's bird had the ba.se of the tail white, then brown, with 
the end white. We are doubtftd wliether this is a distinct sjjecies. 



18.-IIARE. 



Viiltnr cristatus, Iml. Oni. i. p. 0. Gm. Lin. i. 250. liriss, i, 404). Id. 8vo 1.'J'2. 

Duudin ii. p. 22. Beckst. Deutsch. 2. 202. Shun: Zoul. vii. 44. 
Vultiir leporaiiiis, Raii. p. 10. Will.'Sb. Klein. Ac. 44. /(/. Oi. t. .'i f. 2. Gerin. 1. 1. 9. 
Hasenj^eyer, Natiir/'.S. >S'. 42. 
\ aiitour 4 Aigrettes, Bti/'. i. 159. 
Hare Vulture, Gen, St/n. i. 17. JVill. Eng, p. 67. 

SIZE of the golden eagle; extent of wing sometimes more than 
six feet; bill black; irides hazel; plumage in general glossy reddish 



it"! 



VOL. I. 



£ 



ii- 



'26 



VULTURE. 



1 ^ 



black, iiidiiieJ to fulvous on the breast; legs bare of feathers, yellow; 
claws black; the feathers of the head elongated, and capable of being 
erected into a crest. 

This Vulture is found in the deep and thick forests of Prussia, 
and other parts of Germany, fre(iuenting tall trees, and preying on 
l>irds of all kinds, also on goats, deer, hares, and rabbits; ilies very 
SM ift and runs so fast, as often to catch it^ prey, by chasing them 
down. AVhen sitting or standing, it erects the cest, appearing, as it 
were, horned, the «rest being iu two parts; but during tlights the 
crest is not visible. 



i i I 



1*1 J:lil 



i 

1^ 



19.--1NDIAN. 

Vultur Iiiiiiciis, Tnd. Orn.\. 7. Daud. ii. 12. Shaw. Zool, rii. p. 2G. 
Gruiul Vii\]tourdes Indos, Sen. Vol/. Ind.'n. pi. 105. 
Iiitiiua V^lltu^e, Gen. Syn. Sup. p. 0. 

SIZE of a goose; bill, black; irides red; head and neck bare of 
feathers, and rufous; the head covered with a loose down, like hair; 
neck rather long, and beset witn tufts of very fine feathers; those on 
the breast short, appearing as if clipped or shaved, and in the lower 
part of the neck they are long, narrow, and pointed, and bright 
rufous; the wing coverts, back, and rump, the colour of brown 
umber; and each feather tipped with a pale band; quills, tan, and 
legs black. 

Inhabits India, and is very voracious, found, in the day time, ou 
the banks of the sea, waiting fcrthe dead fish, whicl are thrown up: 
is fond also of putrid caroa.sses, which it often digs out of the grounil ; 
it flies lieavily, though the wings are very strong. 



Ill .: V- 




/ 



.'/ ///^/t 



y 



In/}. 



/( / f 



r 



t 



^ 



fiPi* 



1 



VULTURE. 



2T 



20— TAWNY. 

Vnltur ambustus, Ind. Orn. i. 8. Daud. ii. 2C. Shaw, Zool. vii. 44. 

Fnlco ambustu?, Gm. Lin. i. 252. 

Tawny Vulture, Gen. Syn. i. 19. Broicn III. p. -2. pi. i. 

THE lengtli of this bird is 2ft. 4in.; bill dusky, short, and 
thirk; cere large, beset with l)ristles; between the bill and eyes 
naked ; the rest of the head covered with feathers ; on the chin a 
tuft of long slender feathers, like a beard; plumage, in general, pale 
tawny ; wing coverts mixed witli brown; tail dirty white, barred \v ith 
brown; legs slender, bluish; claws long, slightly bent. 

Inhabits Falkland Islands. 



21.— GINGI.— Pl. V. 

Vultur Gingiuianus, Lid. Orn. \. 7. Daud.Vi. 20. Shaic''sZool.yV\. p. 32. 
Viiutour (le Ciiiif^i, Son. Voi/. Ind. ii. p. 184. 
Ginyi Vulture, Gen. Si/n. Slip. p. 7. 

SIZE of a turke}^ ; bill rather slender, hooked at the end, and 
greyish or dirty flesh colour; nostrils pervious; irides red; base of 
the bill, front, and sides of the head bare, wrinkled, and reddish; 
the crown covered with narrow featliers, much elongated, and capable 
of being erected into a crest, and when at its utmost elevation, 
several of them curve forwards over the crown ; the general colour 
of the rest of the plumage is also white ; the second quills are black 
at the base and ends, and white in the middle ; the greater ones 
wholly black ; legs yellowish grey. 

E2 



lipiii 



38 



VULTURE. 



iV 







i-i : 



:i;,;,. 



The feinule differs in having the long feathers at the back of the 
head shorter than in the male, and the skin of the head more smooth. 
This hird is not nnconnnon in varions |Kirts of India, on the 
voixst of Coroinandel, where it is called the wild turkey; is pro- 
bably that mentioned, in Essuis pidlosophiqucs, to be almost white; 
(lie head and neck covered with fine short bristly feathers; with long 
♦juiils, towards the en«l blackish grey; this is found to fly quick and 
light; to be very voracions an«l timid; generally found singly on stMue 
hillock in the marshes, where it feeds chiefly on carrion, but prefers 
reptiles. ' 

In the last named work* another is mentioned of the same size; the 
male marbled brown; female iron grey; head and half the neck 
naked; wrinkled, and covered with reddish yellow excrescences, with 
scattere<l hair between; said to l>e often met with in flocks of twenty 
nr thirty, eating the flesh of a dead beast. 

Among the drawings, both of Sir J. Anstruther and Lord \i\- 
lentia, are figures of a wliite one, corresponding with the abo\t; 
description, an<l is iiumed Gid; a second, with the same appellation, 
as well as make and shape, \\'\\\\ tin* plumage of reddish brown :.nd 
grey in various shades; tail feathers pale at tlie ends; quills Idack; 
the feathers about the head and neck narrow and elongated, r.;^ in the 
white one ; the bare space on the fore part of the head bluish dusky 
white; legs |)ale brown. 

Vvoxw the names of l»oth the white and the brown being alike, GitI, 
we may fairly suppose them to be one species, differing only in sex or 
age, except that wonl may signify a name for Vultures in general. 

One answering to the latter description, according to a drawing 
matle by Mr. Salt, is also found in Abyssinia. 

Both these are among the <lrawings of Gen. Hardwicke; the 
l»rown one has the brown feathers more or less pale down the shaft, 
bui 'u the breast and belly they enlarge into spots; on the back and 



* Ess. I'hilos. p. 58. 



VULTURE. 



39 



the shouldftrs, ami down the middle of fhe \^ iuus, tlie colour inclines 
f(> hurt'; tail plain, pale ash colour; the legs of the white one pink; 
of the other pale, nearly white. 



22.— CJIOCOLATE. 

THE general colour of the plumage deep chocolate brown; 
middle wing coverts deep brownish red, or liver colour, forming a 
sweeping bar across the wing; head and throat bare, and dirty red. 
but the back of the head and neck covered with fefithers ; ciop or 
craw bare, tlirty red ; the bill nearly strait, or little ciu'ved, horn 
rolour, with a conspicuous cere; legs stout, scaly, pale yellowish 
l»rown; claws ahnost strjiit, and whitish. 

Inhabits India, where it is called Ciid. 

Length four feet; bill more than three inches, black ; under 
mandible brown; cere and base flesh colour; head covered Mith 
hrowii down ; eyt; surrounded with a bare flesh colouretl space — a 
streak of the same from behind to the hind head, and another cm 
each lower jaw, the rest of the plumage wholly deep brown : the 
feathers round the throat formed as a ruft'; the wings reach three- 
fourths on the tail; legs pale red, feathered halfway on the shins; 
tiaws rather hooked. 

Iidiabits India, proliably allied to the last described — General 
llardwicke. 



30 



VULTURE, 



.1 



23— ARABIAN. 

Vultiir MoiiacliUH, Tnd. Orn, i. p. 5. Lin, Si/st. i. 1'22, Gin, Lin, i. 24C. Daud. ii. 15, 

.S7i«if'.v Zool. vii. I'J. pi. 7. N. 9. 7V«». .Van. </'OrM. p. ;j. 
Vultiir leporariurt, Gerin.l. t.9. 
Vultur Arubicus, liris. App. \i.'19, /rf. 8vo, i. 138. 
Crest.a IJla.k Vulture, lulu: pi. -ilJO. 
Aral)iiiii Vulture, Gen,Si/»,\, p. «S. 

TFIIS is a laii^e species, liavini? an extent of wing of nine feet; 
bill i)luisli at the base, with a black tip; cere blue ; irides hazel ; head 
anil neck covered with downy ash-coloured feathers ; the crown 
iiibboiis, beinc" elevated into a large knob ; orbits white ; on the 
shouhlers an ash- ''oloured rutf of loose feathers, into which the bird 
can «lraw its head dnring sleep. The plumage on the body is dusky 
brouii, paler beneath ; lesser wing coverts tipped with white; quills 
anil tail dusky dark brown ; thigh feathers long and looj^t, nO us 
u'^arly to cover the legs, which are blui.sh ; claws black. 

M. Levaillant adds, that the irides are whitish, and the crop large 
and round. In a state of rest, especially after a full meal, it draws 
lae head into the ruft* resting the bill on the crop, in which state it 
appears a shapeless mass of feathers, especially as the bird is never 
observed to fold the wings over the tail, but to droop them down 
carelessly on each side. 

M. Levaillant's bird was brought from China. Mr. Edwards 
says, that l»is came from Arabia. La Perouse observes, that it is found 
about the Pyrenees, in the same place with the Cinereous Vulture. 
Mr. White saw it once or twice at (iibraltar, but it is, we believe, no 
where common. Suj)posed by some to be the same as the Cinereous 
Vulture. 






VULTURE. 



dl 



24— ABYSSINIAN. 

IVIR. SALT* observes, that vast numbers of Vultures are found 
lliroughout Aby.ssinia, following the armies in times of war, and 
mentions a large one, which he supposes to be new. In this the bill 
is bright orange colour, .strongly htwked ; the space under the orbit of 
tlie eye, and the whole of the neck bare, and flesh coloured ; its head 
dirty white, with a hood or crest of a spongy substance, covered with 
d<»wn on the back of it. It had a large ruflf of dark feathers round 
the base of the neck, aiid the whole of the upper part of the body of 
a cinereous brown colour. 



25— CIIINCOU. 



Le Chincou, Levuill. Ois. o/r. pi. 12. IJaud. 2. p. 12. 



EXTENT of wing nine feet. The bill is bluish white, thick at 
the base, and horn coloured at the tip; plumage in general brown; on 
the top of the head is a loose downy crest; the rest of the heod. 
cheeks, and throat, covered with a fine black down; eyelids white; on 
the neck a ruft'of narrow slender feathers; forepart of the neck bluish; 
over the crop an appendage ^'angir.g like a bladder; quills and tail 
dusky ; legs whitish ; claws horn colour. 

Said to inhabit China — in the ni^^.iigerie of M. Ameshof. near 
Amsterdam. When this bird is at res^t, it dntws the head into the ruff, 
with the bill supported on the crop, antl the wings drooping <lowii. 
It is a veiy .spiteful bird, and may be fed on raw flesh, which it devours 
very greedily. 

* Voy. Abyss, p. xliii. 



it!'. 



33 



VULTURE. 



26— CIIAGOrX. 

Vautour Chagoun, Lcfaill. Ois. ii\. II. Dtiud.'l. |). 12. 

SIZE of .1 lien turkey; bill dusky lioni colour; nostrils elonjffateJ, 
plac^ed transversely in a black cere; pluinai;e in general black-brown ; 
shafts of the breast and belly feathers white; on each wing a large 
white spot; quills and tail dusky; second quills bo»*dered with rufous; 
legs grey; middle toe twice as long as those on eacli ''ule; claws black ; 
head and hind part of the neck covered with dirty white hairs; the 
low er with dow n, antl a large white rufl'; fore part of the neck bluish, 
with some straggling hail's; appendage on the crop covered with fine, 
silkv, black-browii feathers. 

Inhabits Bengal, and called there Chagoun. 



27.— NEW HOLLAND.— Pl. \T:, 



! 



THE precise length and bretulth of this fine Vulture T have not 
been able to ascertain, but it is of a large size, for when standing erect 
the head is 33 in. from the ground. The bill is modeni'ely hooked 
and black ; the whole head and neck flesh coloured, inclining to 
orange ; round the eyes and on the cheeks quite bare, but the rest 
tiiick set with short black bristles ; the back and wings dirty brown, 
with a silky gloss in some lights, appealing black ; the lower part of 
the back and rump brown black ; the under part, from the breast, 
brown ; the feathers narrowly etlged with pale colour, but those of the 
breast are nearly black, and the pale margins broader, almost white ; 
middle of the belly and thighs slightly varied with the pale colour ; 
vent and under tail coverts loose, silky, and long, and in colour nearly 



I It 



li( 



Jl ! 



',! I 



i 



I'l.v: 







i| : 



I'. 






i 1 



ifM- 



■^ii 



i 

■ 

111 


1'. 


:i ;. 


t 


il^iyl 


' 'im 



VULTl'RE. 



33 



black. Quills and tail ratlier darker than the back, the latter longisli, 
rounded at the end, and tiie rjaills reach to about half its length. 
The legs and toes are moderately stout, dirty yellow, and scaly ; claws 
of the same colour, somewhat strait, and Idunt at the ends. 
Inhabits New South Wales— Gen. Davies. 



28.— CHEUIWAY. 

Vultur Cheriway, Ind. Orn, i. p. 8. Shaw's Zool. vii. p. 43. 

Falco Cheriway, Gm, Lin. i. 254. Jucq, Vog. p. 17. t. 4. Daudin, ii. p. 42. 

Chiiiway Vulture, Gen. Syn. Sup. p. 5. 

THIS is full 2 J feet in length. Bill pale blue; head and neck 
very pale yellow ; hind-head crested ; cere, and round the eyes rose 
colour ; plumage in general ferruginous, paler beneath ; vent white ; 
quills and tail dusky black, the middle feathers of the latter barred 
with dusky ; legs pale yellow. 

Inhabits the Island of Aruba, on the coast of Venetzuela, in 
South America. 



29.— BOLD 



Vultur imdax, Ind. Orn. Sup. y^. n. Shaw' i Zool. v'i\. p. 45. 
Bold Vulture, Gen. Siyn. Sup. ii. p. 10. 

SIZE uncertain. Bdl pale yellow, with a black tip ; plumage 
deep brown ; sides if the head bare as for as the eyes, and somfwhot 
beneath them, and the colour of these parts very pale ; quills and 



TOL. I. 



F 



rt'" 



V 



34 



VULTURE. 



tail dark.i tliaii the rest of the body, nearly ^jlack; shins feathere<l 
to the toes, flesh coloin*, dotted with black. 

Iidiabits New Holland, is a tion;e species, and culled Boorra 
Monnitf. The natives .say, it kills the Pottegorang-, and sometimes 
attacks the nati\es themselves. 



30.-PLx\INTIVE. 



'I' 
It ■ 



X'nltiir })liinrus, Ind. Orn.\. S. Shaw's Zool. v\\, 41. 

(■'alio |)liiiicus, Oin. Liii.'i, "257. Miil. ill. it\. 17. Cook's Voy. ii. 1S4. pi, 32. Daud. 

ii. 42. 
J'laintivc Kai^K', Gi'ii. S;/n.\. p. 32. Id. Sup. [t. A. Vulture. 

THE length of this bird is 28 in.; bill 2in. long, not nnich 
hooked, black ; at abont a (piarter from the end begins a yellow cere, 
extending backA\ar<ls ronnd the eyes, almost to the top of the heail. 
The nostrils placetl jnst within the cere. The colonr of the whole of 
the bare parts yellow; the fore pail of the neck is nearly destitute of 
feathers; top of the neck and head behind brown ; the npper part of 
the body barred brown and white; wings brown; ttiil white, crossed 
with blackish bars, and the end, for an inch, of the same colonr; the 
)»ase of the four first quills marked as the tail ; legs yellow ; claws black, 
moderatelv hooked, and blunt at the end. 

Inhabits Terra del Fuego. 



! '■'■ 



^^:11ll 



'•'. } 




I I 



VUI^TUUE, 



35 



31— BEARDED. 

Vultur barbatus, /«rf, Oru, i. p. 3. Lih. Si/st,\. 123, Gm, Z,in. i. 252. Fako. Geiiii. 

Orn. i. p. 49. 1. 11, Shaw's Zool. vii. p. 12. pi, 5, 0. 
Vultur alpinus, Bris. i, 4(v4, M. App. p. 2G. Id. 8vo. i. 13.3. Dand. Orn. ii. p. 2^>. pi. x. 
Percnopterus, s. Gypaiitos, Rail. Syn. p, 8, Wilt, p. 33. Jd, Engl, p, G5. t. 4. Storr. 

Alpenr. i. p. 09. 
Gypaetus barbatus, Gypaete barbu, Tern. Man. d'Orn, p. 0, Jd. Ed. 2. p. 11. 
Lacinmergeyer, Biif. i. 193. Andr. Dr. aus det •chw, p. 2tM). t. 12. 120, tlic head ami 

foot. Dec. liuss. ii. pi. 8. C'ox'n Switz. ii. pi. in, p. 280. 
Dtr Bartseyer, Bcckst. Deiiisch.W. s. UK). Id. Ed.l, v. 2. p. 502. 
Avoltoio barbato, Vet. Uc. Surd. p. 10. 
Vulturine Eagle, Alhin. ii. t. 3. 

THE length of this bird is about four feet, breadth nine ; weiglit 
t^^entj-two pounds; l)ill four inches lonj^, of a dull flesh colour; the 
cere, and naked part about the eyes the same ; eyelids red ; irides 
yellow hazel ; the forehead black, passing: round the eyes, an<l 
»)ehind them ; on each jaw a streak of black, and under the lower 
man'Mble is a larije tuft of black feathers, hangiuii^ down like a 
beard, and divided into two at the point; inside of the mouth blue; 
the head covered with mIi 'l<mn; the neck with narrow, lonij-, 
pointed, whitish feathers; pliiiiia«jfe on ihe body 1)la<-kish brown 
above, the feathers with paler edges . under parts brownish white, 
with a kind of gloss; cpiills and tail bnavnish ash colo\u*; thighs 
very stout, (Jin. long, and the legr only 4 in. the latter <'<'\ered with 
downy feathers; toes lead colour; claws brown. 



A. — Vultur barbarus, Ind. Orn, i. p. 3. Cwinel. Lin. i. p. 250. 
Vultur barbatus, Bris. Orn. App. p. 20. Id. 8vo. i. p. 137. 
Bearded Vulture, Gen. Syn. i. p. 11. Id. Sup. ii. p. 0. Edw. i. 10(i 
p. 12. pi. 5. Robert. Ic pi. 2. 



Shaii-''s Zool. vii. 



This, which is the one figured by Edwards, is one-fourth 
smaller. The bill purplish flesh colour; inside of the mouth blue; 

F2 



' li 



36 



VILTUHE. 



i^^iJ 



eyelitlsred; irides yellow; he.id downy; forehead, cheeks, and round 
the eyes blacV , narrowing- into a lillet behind each eye, meeting 
at the nape, and onoircling the head ; the neck covered u ith long, 
narrow, whitish feathers, and a tult of black ones luider the lower 
mandible; upper part of the br'^k, &c. dark brown, under parts 
brownish white ; legs <lowny; toes lead colour — the outer and middle 
one joined by a strong skin. 

This was brought from Santa Crnz, in Barbary. 

B.—Vultur aureus, i?Wi.i. 458. /rf. 8vo. 132. 7?aii. S'^^n. p. 10. Nos. 3 and 5. Will. 

Orn. p. 35. IJ. Ens;!, p. 07. Pall. n. nord. Beytr. iv. 84. S. G. Gmel. It. iv. 185. 

Gesn. Av. t. in. p. 708. 
Vultiir bfi-tlcus, Rait. p. 10. No. 3. Will. p. 35. No. 3. 
Clu'snut Vulture, Will. Engl. p. G. No. 3. 
Golden Vulture, JVill. Engl. p. 67. 5. t. 4. Gen. Si/n. i, p. 18. 

lliis Vulture is more than 4^ ft. in length ; head and hind part of 
the neck rufous \^hite j body black above, and rufous beneath; quills 
and tail brown ; shal'ts of tlie feathers on the upper parts white ; legs 
covered with rufous down, as far as the toes, which are brown ; claws 
honi colour, 

C— Falco nin;^nus, S. C. Gmelin It. iii. 305. t. 38. Gm. Lin. i. 252. 38. y. Ind. Orn, 
i. p. 4. No. fi, y. 

This is said by Gmelin to have a blue cere; the plumage 
brown, and under part of the body chesnut with a mixture of white ; 
the tail ash colour. 

The two former of the birds rerorded under this head as varieties 
of each other, or rather the same bird, seem to admit o^ no doubt; the 
two latter for want of a fuller descri{)tion appear to be less certain, 
though Gmelin afhrm it. Tiie probability is, that they may prove to 
be the Vulture called Laemmergeyer* by the Germans, which is the 
Bearded Vulture. This bird is a very ferocious species, and conse- 
quently much dreaded. The places in which it is found are widely 

* Lamb Vulture— but several of the Eagles equally destroy iambs. 



■Wflp 



VULTURE. 



37 



extended; is not unfreqnently about Ghiluii in l*ersia, where it preys 
not only on sheep, but calves; very coniniou in Tyrol and the Switzer- 
land Alps, and the terror of the inhabitants. As it is the largest of 
European birds, great rewards are given for the killing one, more 
especially as they havt; been known to destroy young children. On 
this account, it is said, to be customary for parents, when obliged to be 
absent, to fasten their infants to trees, in order to prevent their being 
carried off. Supposed to breed chiefly in Egypt, as it is seen there in 
great flocks, among other birds of prey, which unite on the banks of 
the Nile, to feed on the putrid carcasses left there by the overflowing 
of that river. Is also an occasional inhabitant of Gibraltar, migrating 
there annually in the spring; they hover over the rock in pairs; are 
vulgarly called Rock Eagles, and seem disjjosed to reside and breed 
there, but are constantly assaulted and disturbed, not only by the jack 
daws, but by a pair of ravens, who (;laim an exclusive right to the 
district, and will not suffer any large bird of the Genus, or order, to 
breed there. 

Pallas observes, that this bird makes the nest and brings up its 
young on the high rocks of the great Altaic Chain, and beyond the 
Lake Baikal. 



32.— BLACK. 

Vultur niger, /«(/. On(. i. ].. G. G;n. L«h. i. 248. BrjM.i. 457. /rf.Svo. i. 131. Rait. 

p. 9. Will. 35. Baud. ii. 17. Shaw Zool. vii. 31. 
Swarthy Vulture, Charl. Ex. p. 71. 
Black Vulture, Gen. Syn. i. 16. Will. Eiig. p. 6(>. 



THIS is said to exceed the Golden Vulture in size ; the plumage 
black, except the wings and tail, which are brown ; legs feathered to 
the toes. 

This is frequentlj^ met with in Egypt. Mr. Temminck thinks 
it to be a young bird of the Bearded species. 



TIP- '! 




i 1 





m 



SECRETARY. 



GENUS ir. SECRETARY. 

-Bill shorter than the head, hooked, base covered with a cere. 

Nostrils in the cere, near tlie base, open. 

Round tlie eyes bare of feathers. 

At tlie bend of the ^Yhlg two or more liomy knobs, or blunt 
spurs. 

Legs very long — toes moderate, united at the base, and very 
rouffh beneatli. 






SECRETARY— Plate VTI. 



.!!f '±1 



Viiltur Serpcntarius, Ind.Orn.'u p. 8. Cimel physic, t. 28. Nat, Misc. No. ^VJ, 

Falco Serpenturiiis, 6'/«. Liu. i. p. i25(). Miller, III. p. 'JS. A. li. 

Serpentarius, Siiake-eater, Shaic's Zool. vii. pt. i. 40. pi. 14. 

(Jrus cappiisis caiula cristatii, Prtiv. Ga:. t. 12. f". 12. 

Sugittarins, Phil Trans. Ixi. j). 55. pi. 2. Vosm. monog.t. 8. 

Secretarius re])tilivorus, Daud. Oni.'ii. p. .30. pi, ii. 

Messai»er, Tein. Man. ad. ii. p. xlviii. 

Slaari<;eii vraater, Sparm. Voij. i. p. 194. 

Mangpur des Serjiens, LevaiU. Ois. \t\. 25. 

Secretaire, Messaj^er, if i//". vii. p. 328. pi. 17. pi. enl. 721. Son. Voy. p. S7. pi. 50. 

Ibis, Gent, Mag. v. xxxix pi. in. p. 508. 

Secretary Vulture, Gen, Si/n. i. p. 29. pi. 2. Id. Sup. p. 4. 



THIS is a most curious species, remarkable for the great length 
of its legs, which at first sight might induce one to think it belongeil 
to the Waders, ))ut the characters of the Vulture are so strongly 
marked, as to create much doubt in what class it ought to be placed. 

When standing erect the head is full three feet fi'om the ground, 






w 



'. 








i! ' i 







il 



A \\4 



ri. \ii. 




I 



Plpfl 



SECRETARY 



:i9 



The bill is black, sharp, ami (Mooked, as in the eatfle, somewhat 
coiiipressed towards the point; the sjfape very widt-; cere white; 
ronnd the eves bare and oranue cohuned ; irides pale urtv; the 
npper eyelids beset with strontf brisths, like eyehishes ; htad, neek, 
breast, and npper parts ot* the body bluish ash <'olour ; bastard win^, 
quills, vent, and thighs blat^k, the last speckled with white, in some 
]>lain — at the bend of the wing one or more nunidish knobs ; the five 
first (juills longer than the rest; tail cuneiform, but the two miildle 
feathers are double the length of the others, in <()lour much like that 
of the bodv. but darker; the ends of all the feathers, for above an 
iiu'h, black, but the very tips are white; under parts of the body 
dusky white, but on the belly the white has a inixtuie of dusky; 
legs very long, stouter than those of the heron, ytllowish brown, and 
feathered below the joint.* I'rom the hind-head s[)rings a kind of 
elongated tuft, composed of tt-n feathers, growing broader towards 
the eiuls, arising in pairs of <lirterent lengths, an<l of a <lusky bluish 
colour. These are in general pendent on the hind part of the neck, 
but can be erected so a.s to form a beautifid crest, at the will of the 
biril. 

The female is paler in colour, and the feathers of the crest, as 
well as the two middle tail feathers, shorter than in the male, and in 
young birds the two middle feathers are little, if at all elongated. 

This most singular aiul elegant bird inliabits the internal parts of 
ths Cape of Good Hope, as well as other parts of Africa, and is also 
met with in the Philippine Islands; is called at the Cape Slangeater, 
Snake-eater, from its address in destroying those reptiles. J>r. Sparr- 
man mentions that at first it opposes one wing, and then the other, to 
avoid the bite of the snake, as well as to bruise it; and soon after spur- 
ning and treading upon it, frequently tossing it with its pinions int 
the air; after which the adversary being wearied out, the bird is en- 
abled to kill and eat it without damage. It feeds also on rats and 



o 



♦ M. Sonncrat says this bird is iiak<.-d above the knee joint, whicli is not the case. 



40 



SFC MKTAKV. 









■ i , 
illii 


f' 

. i 

;1 


1 


1) 


•■ \' 







li/nnls; vouMtiiiK's sniiill fmlNs, aiul tneii Iarj;:e beetles. Dr. Solaii- 
<ler ineiit!(»!u<l to iiir, that lie has .^ecii one of these take up a snake or 
tortoise in its cIun^s, and dash it Inun (hence auainst the c^ronnd, with 
sneh \ioIenro as sonulinies at one attempt to kill it. And another 
peculiarity is, (hat the Secretary s(rikes or kicks forward with the 
ie^, never backwards. It is not a shy bird, and on being roused, 
first tries to escape by hoppinjLj and nnininu:,N\hich it does very swirtly, 
takinu: winjLf only when it is not odierwise able to get otT. 

The male and female are for the most part seen together. They 
make a large nest on the tops of tall trees, an<l line it with wool and 
feathers, (hongh some(imeson shrubs, and treesof lower growth, laying 
two Mhi(e(ggs, ?uarked wi(h ru(ons sp«»ts, about the size of those of a 
goose; but longer. If taken young it is easily tamed, and will mix 
wi(h (he common poultry, fee<!iisg on rats, li/ards, and even locusts, 
and other insects, rarely attacking chickens, except driven thereto 
from the utmost neces^iity. It will feed on flesh, whether raw or 
cooked, also fish aiul many other things, but by no means on any of 
the vegetable tribe. It certainly is a most useful bird, .serving as the 
Ibis in Egypt to destroy great numbers of uoxiojis creatures; is .said to 
have been first introduced into Englantl by Captain Purvis in one of 
the East India Company's ships in the year 17(39 •'•'. 

Fiv>rrt the different synonyms recorded above, it appears that 
authors have been nmch at a loss where to place this bird, and although 
we have before ranked it with the Vulture, it seems rather to hold a 
a place between that and the Falcon genus. Dr. Shaw, as also Mr. 
Illiger, and Temmin<'k, are of opinion that it should form a .separate 
genus of itself, and the two latter have given it the Latin name of 
Gypogeranusf to this we can have no objection, well aware that it 
does not coincide exactly with either of the genera above-mentioned. 



* Etlw. Glean, v. p. '24. 

f See Tem. Man. d'Orn. Ed. p. xlviii. 



FALCON. 



41 



GEMS III. FALCON. 



* European, 


24 


Honey Buzzard 


41 


(iosliawk 


1 Riild Eu^le 




A Dnbious F 


42 


Greater Buzzanl 


A Ciiit'ri'oiis E 


2') 


l.onn-tailed F 


11 


Gentil F 


B Li'sst'i- whitc-tiiileil E 


2() 


Margined F 


44 


Common F 


C Vur. 


27 


Common Bnzzard 




A Yeurlinp; F 


'2 Sen E 




A Asli-eoloured B 




B Ili.i,'t;ard F 


3 lUimU'd E 




B Feather-U'gged B 




C White-headed F 


4 Iiii|U'i'i:il E 




C White B 




F) M'hite F 


■'■> Ilussiiin E 


28 


Perejrrine F 




E Red F 


CiflKH'SP E 




A Tartarian F 




F Red liKJian F 


7 Riii'^-tiiilcil E 




B Barl.ary F 




CJ Italian F 


A Wliitf-tailud E 


29 


Laniier 


4b 


Saere F 


IJ IJliK k E 




A A\'hite L 




A Anieritan S 


8 (iolditi E 




B Abys!>inlan E 


40 


Mountain F 


A White E 


30 Starry F 




A Ash-eolouredMP 


!) Ti;,nT E 


31 


Moor B 


47 


lIobl)y 


10 Osprfy E 




A Rusty F 




A Dourelah II 


A Anindiiiaceous 




B \ar. 


48 Greater H 


H Cuiolitiii O 


32 


Harpy F 


49 


Ingriaii F 


C Cayenne O 


;33 


(^■ey F 


50 


Permian F 


1) Leverian O 


34 


Northern F 


51 


Orange-lef^jjed II 


11 White-crowned E 




A Winter F 


52 


Kestril 


1-2 Comhind E 


3r> 


Ash-('oloiirt(l F 




A Lark Hawk 


!•■) Jean le lilanc E 


30 


llen-IIarrier F 




B Gre> K 


14 Uoii-h-footed E 




A Var. 




C Var. 


15 Spotted E 




B White 


53 Lesser Kestril 


1('> DransbeiH; E 




C Hudson's Bay 


54 


Severe 


17 IJonf^h-legjred Falcon 




1) Cayenne 


55 


Bohemian F 


18 Booted F 


37 


Kite 


50 Sparrow-Haw k 


A Var. 




A Cliestnut-headed K 




A Spotted Sp. II 


I'J Sclavoiiiaii F 




B Russian K 




B White Sp. H 


120 Jerfakon 




C Viohiceons K 


57 Merlin 


A Icehuid J 


38 Bhiek K 




A Caribbee M 


21 CoUared F 




A Austrian K 




B Falconer's M 


2-2 Brown F 


39 Parasite F 




C Intermixed M 


23 Spotted F 


40 Arabian K 


58 Stone F 



VOL. I. 



G 



if:!i 



' I ! I! , 

' 1' '■ 



42 



;(•,' 
i':'>- 



m 






3 


FALCOV. 






.')|l Sil)('iiitii 1'" 


OS Long-je^r-cd F 


139 Brown's II 


* *' .If'rirdii iS' .i/intic. 


00 Ulaek-thi-lu.d F 


140 


Speckled Sparrow-Hawk 


(iO Crit'vniMl (''.ii;4lt' 


in<) IJelnet F 


141 


Red-lc-gcd F 


(il 0(ci|)ital E 1 


101 Rhoml.oidi.: F 


142 


Dwarf F 


CI \ iiltuiinc E 


10-2 CMiantin- F 


IWi 


Minute F 


(i:i .Miii-tiiil 1', 


10:) Uulotis-eared F 


♦** Aew-IIolliind, .yc. 


(i4 Noisy E 


104 Jackal F 


141 


?fIounfain l\. 


(M Noble E 


105 Ranivorons l*" 


145 


Lacteoiis E 


(■,(■. Clu'fhi E 


KM) Desert F 


14G New-Holland V\ '-.tc E 


(i7 Miirltiitii' 1j 


107 TaclianI F 


147 


Black-eyed E 


C.S FiiTto E 


lOS IJlack & \\\\. Indian F 


148 


\\' lute-headed Rufoi.m K 


<>!) Poiiiliclu'i'iy E 


A I'ie.l F 


149 


New-IIolland F 


TO I5i<lo V. 


100 Cotta F 


150 


Asli-headed F" 


7 1 l>|cnvii-l)iiikt(l ]'. 


110 Sounini's F 


151 


Port Jackson F' 


A l"roos> 1'" 


111 Ulack-cyedK 




A Var. 


7J Kiiin|)ii-Miuu- E 


11-2 ri.ecl F 


152 


Winking- F 


~i Koonil V. 


, ll:J Criar.l 1' 


153 


Radiated F 


71 .lt'i\ nil 1*". 


A l!liick-« ingod F 


154 


New-IIolland Spar. K 


7") ("iiwinii '!■ 1'- 


114 Fasci..tcd F " 


155 


Dark Sparrow-llauk 


7t> CliiiH'sc F. 


115 Zn^'<;\ni F" 


150 


L. aden-backcd 11 


77 Biiuj E 


110 Jii-urr F 


157 


Axillary F 


78 Asiatic E 


117 Kontu V 


158 


Paraiuettu F 


7!> Fishing'; E 


1 IIS ^Iur,kooroo l"" 




A Var. 


.M» Bengal ()^l>l•.■y 


110 Sharp-tailed F 


159 


Pale F 


SI Piscivoroii> \\ 


1-20 Sagittal F 


100 


Pacific F 


S-2 I51a-r" E 


121 Justin F 


101 


Lunated F^ 


S;} Marii.f E 


1'22 R'OHn and \\\nW F 


lfi2 


Vellow-cliiniied V 


M Nfw-Zealaiiil E 


l'2:l Indian F 


KW 


Bird 11 


'v'> Madapascav V 


1*24 Johanna F 


104 


Ash-tailed V 


S(i Oriental F 


1-25 Eon--l)ilicd F 


105 


Cream-liellied V 


S7 J avail V 


1'2() ?5uir-licadcd F 


100 


Black-shouldered V 


SS Testaceous V 


127 Sencfral F 


107 


Ash-brown F 


A Javan F 


128 Tawiiy-headcd F 


1 108 


Dark F 


i^\) Lake F 


120 Libyan F 




**** American, 


90 Coliy F 


130 lled-nose.l F 


109 Crested E 


01 Crestcil Indian F 


131 Grey-winged Kestril 


170 Crowned E 


A Var. 


132 llufous-backed K 


171 


Royal E 


!)'2 Ceylonese Created F 


13;> Sharp-tailed K 


172 


Tyrant E 


0;l Chicciuera F 


134 Calcutta Sparrow-Ifawk 


173 


Destructive E 


01 Nasai F 


135 Hassmi F, 


174 


Braziliun E 


Or» .laj)oncM' F 


13" Ken;ral F 


175 


E(piinoctial E 


<M> Short-ta'ljd F 


137 Soolo F 


170 


Black-cheeked E 


07 Dacha F 


I3S ('hii)uck F 


177 Black-backed E 






"PPWIfwffl 



178 JaiU'iro E 

179 LoiiibiiUia W'liitf E 

180 Stiitoiilaiul E 
IHI \Vliit<-l)r.'iistcil E 

ib> uiiitt-iKiiita E 

A Var. 
IS.3 Tliaiii E 

184 Wliile-rumped E 

185 Miuisfeny E 
18G Miuulntfd E 

187 riiimbtous F 
A Var. 

188 Coliunbiiie E 

189 Strcakfcl F 

190 Caracca E 

191 Wliite-necked E 
A Vav. 

lih> Azara's E 

193 IJlack-ntikfd F 

J 94 Notclicd F 

19o Rutbus-hoadi'd F 

19(i Plain F 

197 Crested Goshawk 

A Maud lilt's C. 

B Guiuna G 



FALCON. 

198 Black H 
A Var. 

199 Sooty F 

200 ChocelatfF 

201 Ucd-throatcd F 

202 Jaiiiaii-a B 

203 Minu'lid B 

204 Speckled B 

205 Broail-winj^cd F 
20<) Brown & T4iwny F 

207 Vellow-toed F 

208 American B 

209 Buzzarct 

210 Wiiite-I.reasted F 

211 Barred-breasted B 

212 Cayenne F 

213 Lon--slianked F 

214 Alarsh Hawk 

215 American F 

!1<} Rusty and Grey F 

217 Swallow-tailed F 

218 Brazilian K 

219 Mississippi K 

220 Salvador F 

221 St. John\ F 

222 Newfoundland F 



^3 



22;J Pi-eon II 

224 Sliarp-sliinned H 

225 Slate-coloured F 
220 IJrown-backed F 

227 Barred-tail 1' 

228 Blue-ba.kcd F 
22!) (;reat-!,ilicd F 
2-JO American Uruwn II 

231 Rufous-b, :•..,, I F 

232 Surinam I" 
2:W Lau-lili.- F 

2.34 NVliitc-tVonted F 

2.35 Spotted-tailed II 
2:J(i Hobliy B 

237 <>rant;e-breasted II 

238 Little F 

239 Abbotian F 

240 Berbicc F 

241 Cayenne Sp. II 

242 (ireater (.'ayenne Sp. H 
24:J (Jniana F 

244 Pied Sp. II 

246 Accipitnne F 
24(i Tiny 

247 Pygmy F 



J. HE bill ill this Genus is hooked, and furnished with a waxy skin 
at the base, called the cere, in which tlie no.strils are placed. 

Tongue bitid at the end. 

Head and neck furnished with feathers. 

Legs and feet scaly for the most part, middle toe connected to 
the outmost, as far as the first joint, by a strong membrane. 

Claws large, much hooked, and very sharp, that of the outer 
toe the lea.st. 

The female larger and stronger than the male. 

G2 



m' 



44 



FALCOX. 



iir 








'■M' 


■ 





:l;!f. 



This genus of birds is so >vell known, tliat scarcely any person 

ill possession of one can be at a loss where to place it. 1'he only 

mistake likely lo happen, is the confounding it with the first genus, 

fur the reasons tiierein mentioned. The chief characteristics of the 

Falcon, iiulependent of a certain degree of nakedness abont the head 

and neck, seen in tlie Vulture, are the bill and claws, both of them 

being very hooked and sharp. The luxury of the Fah^on, for the 

most part, is to kill its own prey, and to eat it wliile fresh ; and both 

Ihis ami the Vulture often take in as much food as will last for many 

days. The food of birds of this genus is not always flesh ; miiiiv of the 

Falcons will eat iish, and some are content with snakes and reptiles, 

as will be noticed hereafter. The circumstjince of birds of the Falcon 

fienus, casting up at intervals, the indigestible part of their food, 

such as bones, feathers, hair, wool, &c. has been mentioned by all 

\\ liters on falcoiuy ; and falconers are so convinced of this discharge 

being salutary and necessary, that when they feed their Hanks with 

flesh, they intermiv pellets of wool, or cotton. Few birds \iivy more 

in the plumage according to age, which has been the occasion of 

nu)re species being enumerated than leally exist. It is observed, that 

every climate is furnished with them, not being confined, like the 

A'ulture, to the warmer regions. It is not known that the Falcon 

tribe ever unites into companies, and, excejit in the breeding season, 

seldom two are seen together, at least there are not many instances 

to the contrarv. 

Me have thought light to separate the species of this genus 
into divisions, according to the different countries they inhabit, at 
least as far as our kmjwledge of them has enabled us. We have 
likewise, for the most part, followed tlie names given by former 
describers, such as Eagle, F'alcon, Hawk, Kite, Buzzartl, Sec. by 
this means disturbing, as little as possible, the arrangement of 
older authors. 



FALCON'. 



4.") 



* EUROPEAS. 



1 — 13ALD EAfiLE. 



Fall ■! li'iicoi 1 |i'ii;ilii-. /'(ii/. 0/-H. i. 1 1, l.iii.'x. \'1A. (iiii. Liii, i. 'lo't. />r;«f. i. 4'2'2. /..'. 

Svii. i. ri'J. Geiiii. I. t. iS. ,S7(((jc'> Zi)((/. vii. 7N. Aiiier, Orn, iv. [i\. :i\'i, Id.w. [<. 

rJi). 7V«i. .¥«».</' On;, p. 11 Jil. E<l.-2. [>.'r2. 
Fiili'o pyirar^iw, Diiiiil. ii. (i"2. 

I'lsrliadkr, litrkiif. JJriits. ii. -111. tiil'. is. \,itur/. 8. s. 4<l. 
I..- I'y-iir-iir, /i«/:i. IX). /v. <■/(/. 411. 
\\ liitr luiulftl F,a;;le, Arel. Zooi. ii. Nc S!>. 
j; il.l Ka;:ii-, f.VH. .S'//)/. i. -20. 111. Siij). [>.{). jB(u7;'. 7V(/r. -jNj. 



THE U'liiitli of tills bird is luoie than tliivc tVet; hreiullii in 
|iioj)(>rti<»ii ; weighty pounds; hill and cert' >tlh>\\; iridcs w jiitj-; htad, 
M»('k, and tail, white; the rest nt' the body dark brown; the upjitr 
half" of the shins covered with feathers; the rest and the toes bare and 
Nellow; elaws black. IJoth sexes nnich alike. 

Inhabits North America, |)reying both on flesh an<l fisji, but 
does not procuit? the latter tor itself; for sitting in a convenient spot, 
if watehes the diving of the <)s[)rey into the water, and as soon the 
latttM" has seciire<l a fish, the J}ald Eagle follows close after, and tht; 
Osprey, through fear, tho])s his prey, which the Eagle will fVe<jnently 
seize before it reaches the ground; l»ut in Cieorgia it sometimes 
frecpients ponds, catching both ducks and geese, ami fish, destro\ing 
tilso voung lambs and pigs. The yonnii' are brown instead of 
uhite-headed, and, in this state, <'alle<l the Cirey Ivigle. 

I learn from ^Ir. Ilutehiiis, that it is called, at Hudson's I3a\, 
Wajmw-Esteqiuui-Mickesue, that it comes in May, ami builds on 
the highest trees, forming a nest of sticks an« I grass, tufts of grass 
and other rubbish, of a large si/e; and luLsgenerally two young; often 
made in a very tall tree, sui'h as a pine or cypress, continuing the 
«une, season after season, for a long tinie; but we believe that many, if 



1." VI 



46 



FALCON. 



not lilt' linahr part of tliem, n'lUiiiii in Georu^ia througliont the year, 
hiiildini; a lari;e ('oiiipa<*t and tlat nest in the cypress trees, some- 
times on the roeks ; not mieonnnon on the tleserted lakes of North 
America, espe<ially about tlie falls of the Niagara and St. Antoine, 
and the yonnucome to their colour by slow denrees; is a long lived 
species, and has been kno^^ n to attain to 100 years. 



,ij: 



A..— Falco all>i. ;lla, ItiiL Oni. i. 0. Lin. 1. 120. Viiltur. Gm. Lin. i. 253. Fii. SKfc. 

Ac. •')"). y>'/HH. No. 12. ^lullir. pots. I'aiiH. groenl. j). 53. Kram. ,i'2C). Scop. 

anil. I. N(i. 2. Sfiiiw's Zou/. vii. 7S). 
A(|iii!a albicilla, sru I'y^arnus, Brix. i. 427. /(/. Si'o. i. 123. Klein. Av, p. 40. fVill. 

p. 31. Id. I'-ni^l. (il. yii'((//. ]). 7. 
Aifi-li' l\vi;ar^aii', Danil.W. (i'2. I'lcil. Amer.'u p. 27. pi. 3. 
Dtr Fisfluulltr, Drcknt. JJtul. ii. s. 222. 
DiT I'iscli^tvi'i-, \<iliir/hrscli. 2. s. 4.3, 
t'iiit ROUS Kai;lf, (un, Si/ii. i. 33. /</. Snp. p. 1 1. Br. Zool. i. No. 45 pi. 18. Id. ed. l8l2. 

i. 201). pi. IS. Ant. Zuul. ii. 2l4. Ii. Liwin's Birds i. pi. 4. IValtot i. pi. 1. 

();•/(. /)/(■/. vV Snpp, 



i 






This biiil is '2ft. Din. or .3 feet in length; and 7 in extent from 
>\iiig to wing; bill pale yellow; the head and neck dusky white, 
inclining to ash colour; body and wings a full ash-colour, mixed with 
brown: tail A\liile; forehead, between the eyes and the nostrils, 
sparingly covered, having very narn>w feathers like hairs. 

TnhabiJs Scotland and theOrknies, for the most part; rarely met 

>\ith in I'Lngland; but is not uncommon in various parts of Europe, 

lilt' Southern parts of Hussia, particularly about the M'olga, in 

Sweden and Denmark, also in Iceland. In (ireenland is fouml the 

whole \ear. among the Islands and rocks, from uhich it darts on the 

.several di\ing birds, as soon as they rise to the surface of the water, 

the place of which it is enabled to ascertain by the bubbles; now and 

then altemj)ts to j)rey on a live seal, when having fixed the talons too 

fast to be disentangled, the seal <lraws the Eagle under the Avaler, to 

its destruction; f< eds on the lump-fish, and a sort of trout. In anest 

of one of these birds near Keswick, in Cumberland, Avas found a grey, 

or hulse-waftr trout, above 12 pounds in weight; lh\ lleysham, who 



■■^^•fl'lf 



FALCON. 



47 



informed me of tlie circumstance, added, that he obtained the bird 
alive, and had kept it above ten years, and that it was eitlier six or 
seven before the tail became white. Cohtnel Montagu had one of 
these for nine years, when it died; but observes, that the tail feathers 
i^radually became white, thougli the base remained dusky black for 
above one third of the length. This was a mal 
seven pounds six ounces. 



e, and weighed 



B. — Faloo Hiiinularius, Ind.Orn.i. l5. Churl, Onom. 63. 4. Shaw's Zool.\\\, p. 80. 

Fiilco all)i('iuulns, Gm. Lin, i. 258. 

A<|uilii all)icillii minor, Jiris,\. 4"29. W. 8vo. i. l24. 

Aciuihi Pyt^iiri^us Aldr. Hill. 'il. Itl. Eiig.i'fl, Itaii,Si/n,p,7, Boroivsk,i\. i). 71. 

Potit Pyfrargu.', «,//. i. p. 99? 

Eriii'. (ii'sner. Ar, p. 200. 

Lesser N\'liite-tailed Eaf^le, Gen, Si/ii. i. .'19. 

Length 2ft. 2in.; bill, cere, and irides, yellow; jdumage dull 
rust colour above, beneath chestiuit, mixed with blackish; head and 
neck ash-colour, with a chestnut tinge; tips of the feathers blackish ; 
tail white; legs yellow; claws b!a<k. 

This is supposed to be the bird in its first feathers. In the next 
stage of growth, it measures in length nearly three feet, and becomes 
the Cinereous Eagle ; it is by .some authors called the Erne, but the 
inhabitants of the Orknies call the Golden and Black Eagles, and the 
Osprey, as well as this, by that name. 

C. — Falco nll)i(illa var. Ind. Orn. Slip. p. H. 

Cinereous Eaglei var. Gen, Si/n. i. •i'i. Id, Sup, ii. p, iS. 

This is of a large size; the bill large and black; general colour 
of the plumage deep brown, paler beneath; the wings much darker; 
rump and tail very pale ash-colour, nearly white; legs black. 

Inhabits New Holland, and, from its make and shape, is probably 
a farther variety of the Cinereous Eagle. 



ii;l . I. 



48 



FAU'O.V. 



2 —SEA EACiLE. 



m 



m 
'If 



l'';il(i) i),--ifriiiriis, /"»(/. OcH. i. |). 12. Liii. S^/ft,\. 221. Cm. Lin. \. 2'>'>. liritn. Sn. I'). 

Mn/lir. Sit. iW. /,'(///. .S'(/H. p. 7. ;/'/'//. p. 20. t. 1. Tl. I'lissf if . ]i. 27. I'm/, en [inrh. 

p. 2f>."J. yj«;()ir.vA-. ii. p. (')!). lh^i^.\. VM. /(/. Svn. I'i'i. AVc/h. p. 41. 7>(JMr/. ii. p. (14. 
Dif Sim- AdliT, lUiksl. DrnlH.W. s. 2l!l. .S'/k/ic'.v Zoo/, vii. p!. IS, 
Ori'nii.', liiif. i, 42. t. :}. PI, KnI. 1 12. Jl-'). Vil. (r. .Surd. |i. 28. Kol/>. Cup. ii. i:JT ? 

I'd//, ,'n Barh. i. 2(>->. Tern. Man.nl. 2. p. 40. 
Dcr Hciiiljrtclicr, .\(ilnr/'. S. 4.'J, 
Sen Ka;.|e, G^'«. >>«. i. p. :J0, /</. .Vh^). ji. 0. /i/-. Zoo/, i. No. 44. pi. 17. /rf. fol. tHi. 

1(1. Ell. l.Sl-2. i. p. 20."). 111. 17. /V//: Mrni. t. p. 182. y/r(7. '/.ool. ii. No. 8G. -A. 

liiwirk.'\. ]»1. p. II. I.) win's Birds \. pi. 1. ft'dlvot.'i. |)1. 2. Pnlt. Dors. [>.2. 

y>ow«c. pi. lO-'). Oru. Diet. \ Snp. Amcr, Orn.w'x. p. Ki. pi. 55. f. 2. 

TUTS is .3f't. in h^nifth at lestst, ami exj)auds more tliau 7ft. 
'Die hill bluish hornrolour; cere and orlMts yellow ; irides ha/el ; 
beneath the eliin hairs like bristles; {)lnnia<;e almve femijiinons 
brown; the niaruins of the feathers darker; l)elly paler, in some 
whitish with ferrn«iinons spots ; (piills rho(;oIate towards the base, 
white in the middle; tail deep brown, the ontsiiles of .some of the 
feathers terrniiinoiis, of others blotched M'ith white; le;n;s feathered 
below the knees, and yellow, very stronir, two inches in circnm- 
ference; claws lon.j;', black, and very hooked. The female dnil 
ferrnuinons. 

Inhabits Enrope ; has been met with in varions jiarts of 
England, among- others Newcastle, Yarmouth in Shro})shise, Ep- 
ping, and New Forest, also Warkworth in Northumberland ;* but 
not known to breed more southward than Newcastle ;t not uncom- 
mon in Scotland J and Ireland, where they keep for the most part 



* Bewick. 
t Willoj^hhy. 

X Tliey quit Scotland in winter. Tour in Srotl. ii. p. 24. Mr. Pennant says, they wore 
so numerous a few years since in Rannock, tlmt 5*. were given for every one destroyed, and 



•^"^ppl 



FALCOX. 



49 



near the hikes, for tlie convenleiK'e of «'at<,'liintj fish, their prinoij)al 
food, (hirtiuu: ii[)oii them in tlie water, in the manner of the ()sjm\ ; 
sai<l also to pursne /hat liinl, after it has obtained a tisli, and 
to ohlii;e him to fjnit his |)r«y, as is done by the Hahl Kagh'. 'I'he 
Sea-Ka,ule |)rol)ably feetls sometimes on other binls, as the remains 
have been fonnd inllie nest. 

The phiee of breetUng is in tlie mi>re northern parts; in the 
cohler irrontlis approachini^ sontliward, at which time only we ha\<' 
heanl of tlitir Ijeinj;- in the warmer connties. In the year 179'>. one 
wassliot in IJerksiiire, and anotJier in March, 181(), in Lincohishire, 
on the estate of Sir Jos. T3anks ; in the collection of Mr. Bnllock. It 
is connnon hi many jiarts of Ciermany, where the tlesh <»f the yonni; 
bird is thoiii»;ht not iinsvivonrv; well known also in Itnssia and 
.Siberia; fretpient in Kumtschatka ; found in summer, even on the 
Arctic coast, ami no less common about the Caspian Sea, and is the 
Sam* as that mentioned by Kolben ; extends also to the Cape of Good 
Hope. lie says this bird feeds on tortoises, carryina; them np into the 
air, and lettinji; them fall on a rock to break tlH?ir .shells; hence it 
hasx)btained the name of Bone-breaker. 

In North .Vm^erica the size is superior, very common even as high 
as Newfoundland, where it preys on land and .sea fowls, also young 
seals, which it seizes floating on the water. 

It is tlie opinion of some who have written on the svdiject, that this 
bird is no other than the liahl Eagle, in imperfect plumage, and it has 
Ijeen observed, that it is six or .seven years before it is in complete 
feather ; to this the author of the American Zf»ology as.sents, and lirings 
more than one pn>of of the circumstiince. 



such numbers were tjrou<^ht in, th.it the priee was rediieed to 3*. Gd. In the Orkney Islands 
was a cu«toni, if not now i)revalent, that whoever shoots an eagle may lay claim to a hen out 
of every house in the parish where the bird was killed. 

TOL. I. H 



60 



FALCON. 



.3— TJi:Aiu)i:r) eagli:. 

Afrifiiii Kfiirtlcil f'iiiili'. Salt's Trttv. p. \li, 
Nisscr wtrk, linirc's True. iqip. t.p. J55. 



r'h 



' '. I 



THIS is u lai7;e species, liavinii;' an extent ot" >\in<i: more tliau 
8ft. J'lie bill dirty ])ro\vii, with tiilts ot" blaek liair joverini;' the 
nostrils, and others ot' the same on each side ot" the lower mandible; 
and a still larger one, lorminii; a beard nnderneath ; irides sandy 
\ello\\; the onter tilni, or ni<'litatin^' membrane, deep bright scarlet; 
tongue haril, bitid, and fitting exactly in the nnder mandible. The 
s[iace round the eye, and in t'ront ot" it, as well as an angle behind, 
deep black, giving a bright lu.stre to the eye. 'IMie head covered 
entirely with small dirty m hite feathers, which, as well as those of the 
neck, breast, an<l belly, are tinged with rusty brown. Feathers on 
the back, tail, and wings, tine deep glossy brown, \\ith white ribs; 
those on the back of the neck standing erect, .some\> hat like a rutl': 
tail wedged-shaped, consisting of ten feathers, those of the wing 
twentv-six. 'J'he whole of the body covered with yellow down. 

I'onnd in Abyssinia, and sn[)posed by 31r. Salt, to be the same 
uith the one mentioned by Mr. IJruce, by the name of Nisser werk, 
met with by him not far from Gondar. Mr. S. gives it as his opinion, 
that, notwithstanding the straitness of the bill, nsual in the Vidturine 
race,* the appearance, in the natural state, together with the vigour 
aiid animation \\hich it displays, brings it nearer to the eagles, and 
therefore gives it the name above-mentioned. He observes, that the 
head of one whi(.'h he shot ditfered somewhat from the drawing given 
by Mr. liruce. This last gentleman represents it as a bold species, 
as it took away the |)rovisions, whicii he and his iriiiwls were regaling 
themsehes with, before liis face, and adds, that a dust, corresponding 

* Mr. Brute's bird waa 4ft. 7 in. long, and wciglifd twenty-two pounds. 



m^m 



pp 



FALCON. 



r)} 



with tlie colour of the feathers, alM>ve aiul l)eiieath, flew out, on hand- 
huix, in hiri;«* quantities ; l)ut it is not pecuhar to this species, as we 
have ohserved the same in the King Vulture, and some others, as also 
in the white Cockatoo. 

Another, rather smaller, was shot at the same time. Head and 
neck blacker; the under part of the body dusky; .small feathers of the 
winiis li<^htf r; and the talons somewhat lona^er. This was supposed 
to he the male. Mr. S. observes, that the drawing of the Bearded 
\^dture, iLs given by Mr. Edwards, conveys no idea of this bird. Mr. 
IVnuninck enters it as one of his .synonyms of the Bearded Vulture. 



4.— niPERTAL EAGLE. 

Falco impprialis, Aii^k- iiiiperiitl, Trm. Man. d'Orn. p.O. /</. £rf. 2. p. .37. 
A<iui!a chrysiK'ttJs, Lehlff, Aniial.der Wvtterau.\ .'\\. t. p. 170. 
Aquila lieliacti, Saviffit, Si/st. dcs Ois. d'Egi/pte, Liv. i. p. 22. pU 12. 



Ll^XCiTII three feet; i-ere yellow; gape very wide, opening 
l)eyond the back part of the eyes; nostrils oblique, ^ in. long, by \ in. 
in breadth : irides pale yellow ; the head and nape are bright rufous; 
upper part of the l)ody in general deep glossy brown, but the ends of 
the feathers incline to rufous; beneath the IxKly deep brown, but the 
belly is yellowish rufous; tail cinereous grey, crossed near the ejid 
with a bar of black, the tips of the feathers yellowish grey ; it is nearly 
even at the end, and the wings equal it in length. The legs arc 
covcretl with dov\n (juite t«> the toes, which are yellow. 

Fnliabits Egypt and Abyssinia, where it probably J»reeds, but i> 

now and then int-t with in the in<»uiitain8 of Tyrol antl Silesia. 

112 






M 



FALCON. 



5— lU SSIAN KAGLE. 



Falco Mo^ilnirk, liid. Orn. i. p. 17. Gm. Lin, i, 2'y'J. Duud, ii. 50, Shait's Zool, vii. 

p. 87. Tern. Man. p. 14. /./. F<1. 2. p. 37. 
Aquilii Mo^iliii<k, A'. ('. I'etr.w. p. 445. t. 11. It. 
Russian Eugte, Gen, Si/n, i. p. 4!ii 



LENGTH 2 ft. 3 in.; hill l)Iiick ; cere yellow; evelitls blue: irides 
liviil; head, neek, mid hack <lull feini;4;iiious hr«>wii, here and there 
mixed with a little white, Ijeneath niucli the same, hut jdain; some of 
the «|nills have the ends black, oth» is rufous; within spotted with 
,UTev, j^reater coverts brown, with 1« i^inous tips; lesser coverts half 
brown, half rufous; tail feathers black, bounded w ith ^rey, and tipped 
with rufous; the wings, wlien closed, reach nearly to the eiul of the 
tail; legs feathered to the claws, as in owls, colour lute<»us, clawv 
black. 

Inhabits Rus.sia, .seen often in company with the liussian kite, 
near the city ofTsclierca.sk; feeds on mice and other small (|uadrupeds; 
builds on high trees, and lays two eggs, marked with reddish 
blotches. This is probably allieil to, if not the same with the Im- 
perial Eagle. 



FALCON. 



•M 



C— GENOESE EACiLE. 

LENGTH 2ft. Cin.; bill stout, honi colour, cere yellow, 
almost covered withluiirs; |>luuia<j:e alM)Vc, froui the t'orehciul to the 
tail, unit'onu brown; greater quills very dark, almost black, with pah- 
shafts, and white on part of the ini\er webs; muler parts ofthelnKly 
generally white, w ith broad streaks of pale brown from the chin to 
the breast, but from thence to the ^ent crossed w ith tninsversc bai-s 
of the same on each feather; thighs the same; vent plain whitt-; 
under wing «'overts mixed brown and white; tail 10^ in. even at the 
end, above brown, crossed with about four bars of more obscine brown; 
the inner webs a])proaching to white; the thigii feathers reach below 
the joint; legs very stout, yellow brown, claws black; the ((uills, 
when the wings are closed, reach to within l^in. of the end of the tail. 

Inhabits Genoa and parts adjacent. In the collection of Mr. 
iJuUock. 



7.— RING-TAILED EAGLE. 

Falco fulvus, Lid. Orn. i. p. 10. Lin. i. 125. Gm. Lin. i. 250. Georg. Reise. 1G4. 

Decouv.russ.i. 80.— ii. 142.— iii. .303. Shaw's Zool. \'\\. 71. 
Aquila, Bris.u 419. /</. 8vo. 121. Klein. Av. 41. 

Chrysaetos Cauda annulo albo rinctu, Rati. 6, /Fi//. 28. Id, Eng.5fJ. Gerin.i. 1. 1. 
FaU^o rej^dlis, Aigle royal, Tern. Man. d'Orn. p. 10. Id. Ed. 2. p. 30. 
Aijjle commun, Bii/. i. 8<5. /'/. Enl. 409. youiifj bird. Foi/, en Barb, i. 204. Daud.u. 47. 
Die gemeiiie Adler, Bccksl, Deutsch, ii. 212. 

Black Ea>,'le, Br. Zoo/, i. No. 43. Jd. Ed. 1812. i. p. 202. Arct. Zool. ii. No. 87. 
Uinff-tailed Ea-,'lf, Gen. Syn. i. 32. It. Sup. 10. Br. Zool.fol. p. 02. Lewin. Br. Birds, 

i. pi. 3. Walcot, Syn, i. pi. 4. Bewick, i. pi. p. 7. Putt. Cat. Dors. p. 2, Orn. 

Diet. 4 .Slip. Amer. Orn. vii. p. 13. pi. 55. f. 1. 

ITIE length of this bird is 2 J feet, sometimes more, breadth 
six feet at least. The bill is dusky ; cere yellow ; irides hazel ; 



fiffi; 



54 



FALCON. 



pliiiiijiue in u«in Till lucmii; lieail iiiid iwck pah- fulvous; tail uhilf 
fnr two tliinis <»f tiu; leiiyfli, tlie i«*st dusky black; legs leatlitivtl to 
tilt.' toes, Mliicli an* vellow; elans black. 



A. — Fiiico raimiK'iisis, Lin. Si/it. Ed. 10. ji. HS. (,'m. Lin, i. 250. ^. 

Fnlci. fulvus, Lin. Ed. 12. 12.'>. (i. /3. 

.\r|iiilu t'iuula alhii Aiiu'ricaiia, (ifrin. i. 40. t, 7. 

Whiti-tullf.l Eayle, C;f;i. 5//«. i. ,'12. (i. A. Edu: j.l. i.* Bewick, i. pi. |>. 9. 

This (lirteis in liaviiig tlie tail white, except tlie end, nhicli is 
Ma<k brown; the breast marked with triangular spots; forehead 
between the eyes naked. 



i!,il 



B.— Falio inelaiueetus, Ind. Orn. i. 10. Lin. i. 124. Gm. Lin. i. 2.'>4. liaii. 7. tf'ii/. 

Ont. p. .). t. 2. Klein. Av. 41. /(/. Or. t. 5. f. 1. litis, i. 4:J4. /(/. 8vo. i. 125. 

Phil. Trans. Ivii. 340. Gerin. i. t. 3. Borotcsk. ii. 08. Shuic's Zoul. vii. 74. 
Ai-le iioir, Ihif. i. 80. 

Si liHartz-l)r.iuiit.' Adler, Frisch. i.QS). yuliir/.S. s. 43. 
Blai k EaxU-, (^n. Syn. i. 28, /(/. Sup. 8. Will. Eng. 03. pi. 2. Albin. ii. pi. 2. Ar^t. 

y.wl. li. 87, 



The Black Eagle is 2ft. lOin. long; cere retldish; plumage in 
general much darker than in others, nearly black; head anti neck 
mixed with rufous; base half of the tail white, spotted with black : 
the end half blackish; legs feathery, dirty white. 

This bird, and its varieties, inhabits more or less the three 
quarters of the globe, beingfoundin many parts of Europe, America, 
and the North part of Asia. In Germany it is too connnon, and ver\ 
<lestructive. Beckstein S4»vs, that in an avryof one of them werefouml 
^lie skeletons of three hundred thicks, and forty hares, and that the 
rapine they commit in the nncnltivated parts can never be computed: 
one of these birds has been known to atta<'k two children of a veai 

* Thought l)y M. Vicillut to be a young bird of the BaUl Eai|;k.— See Am. i. p. 27. 



iil 



FALCOV. 



54 



ol<l, beloiminn' to a peasanf, 'liny are mostly very sliy, luiuv' tin- 
liirat ivwanls otlJ re*! lor tlit.* ilestnictioii of tliein, in a ifivat measure 
tiiil of the desired etlect. Is very rare iit tlie soutli of (ireat Hritaiii, 
Init lias heeii met with in Derhysliire. The nest is ilescribed as lieini; 
made with lartfe sticks, line»l with two hiyers of rashes, with heath 
li('lwe«'n, and that the y<Mmi>: one Oanal flieninwas blaek, hut had 
the white rinu^ on the tail <'ons|)i( nous, even at that period of aii«'. 
The <'^,u is rust eoloined, with irreynlar minks of adee[»er <oloiir; said 
to l)uild on the hinhest part of Cheviot Hills, in Xorlhundurhmd, and 
in }7'S'>, one >\as shot at A\ arkworlhj measurin,^ in extent of wing, 
eleven feet ami a cprarter. 



8._(;()li)i:n eacjlk. 



Fiil<(> riirywH'to';, //)(/. 0;'H. i. p. 12. Liii.\. 125. J'lt. Sner. Sa. '>i. Gni. IJn.i. 

Bri.i.\. ■i-]l. /</. Svo, 124. h/rin. Ar.AO. llaii. Si/u. ]> (>. H'ill. 21 . \. \. 

Aim.\. N'> 1. Mil //it. So. v.). Kraiii.r/. :i2'y. J'dini, iira^-.CtT, Bi>rim:s/{. 

ii. (). t. 2. (•'iriii. Oni.'i; t.2. IJaiid, Oin. ii. |). 4(>. S/i(iir's Zmt/. vii. |i.7:'). ) 

Id. Yah,/. Li;' I. t..Vi. 
I.e^raiul Ai^-lo, hiijW. p. 7(i, V/.cid.\\<S, 

(idld A(ll»;r, »■/';•.«. f'ni^. t. 4"), liickst. Driilsc/i. \\. s,2(>5. \uliir/.\\\\. s.44. 
Culdtii Eiifilo, G<H. .S'//H.i. :U. Id. Siii>. H). Br. Zim/. i. No. 42. |.l. Hi, Id./i,/. 

Id. cd. 1^112. i. p. 07. iVoiitisp. /'///. Mrm. t. p. 1S2. AnI. '/.no/, ii. 214. A. .■ 

ii. pi. 1. C/ii'Si'/d, Aiiiit. tiiiU't, Brific/,-. \. p.."}. LiH-in.\. pi, 2. ]\'u/cot,\. 

Orn Diet. &; Sup, fl'iiud'.s Zuoi^r.'i, p.;J80, pi. 10. 



251!. 

Scup. 

.1,17. 



pl.4. 
I //.in. 

pi.;j. 



THE len,i?th of this l)ird is more than 3ft. ; l)readth 8ft. ; weiulit 12 
poimds; the bill deep blue, cere yellow : irides hazel ; head and neck 
deep brown; the feathers b(»rdered with tawny; hind-head briulit 
rust colour; ])ody dark ])rown; ipiills chocolate, with white shafts; 
tiiil deep brown, blotched with obscure ash ; the wings when closed 



5r? 



FALCOX. 



,f ■■ 



KiH-h t^ite-iomtlis tliereon, legs yellow, leathered to the toes, 
vhirh are s<'alv; <'la\vs >erv laii-e. 

This is laiely seen in J*]iis;hiiul ^', l)ut in Sootl;m<I aiul rrehiiul iu»t 
iiiK'oniiiion, where it breeds in the elites, and hiys three or tour whitt- 
eij-iis, hut rarely hatches more than two; now and then breeds ou 
Sinnvdon Hills, in \Vales; it appears in the uiii'dle of fiennanv, in 
\\ inter, on the highest Soiith and North Alps, an«lis taken without 
dittieiiltv, l)v l»aitini»- a trap with raw tlesh — it not onlv i>revs on Jiares. 
vood-hens, and partri<lues, hut will also attack t"alh>w deer, sheep. 
tieese, and other poultry.f Not uneounion in Hussia; it abounds at 
Orenburg, and is there exposed to sale, lieiui; used lor tah'oiiry, t<i 
take wolves, foxes, and antelopes, and i;ood birds sell dear: used h\ 
tl:e Keri;isians, ami often a horse given for one, wlienasheep wdl 
purchase another species; J extends to India.§ Thought ))y M. 
'JVminini'k to be the same as the l{ii)g-tail Kagic, ditfering in 
ai^e or sex. 



A.— Fal<'(> c'} j;iu'us, 7(i(/. OrH.i. !■ Daud.'u, 47. A. .SVniic, vii, p.Tfi. Gni.Lin.t, 

257.47. £;i,?.i. 424, /</. 8vo. 122. KItiii. Ar. A2. Spaluictk. Coi; \. 1. 1. 
U'liitf Eaj^le, Gvn. Si/n.'i. 30. C'harl. Onom. (Jii. 1>. 



i> 



nds is wholly white, and inliabits the banks of the Rhine, a!i<l 
the Alj)s, in Oermanv — is probably only a white variety of the 
fiolden Eagle. 



* One shot at Vamiouth, Fi^j. 1783, ineaswred t -om tip of one wini^ to tlie other, l2 tV;et ; 
^aoiher killed at Bt.thill, in Sa^isex, iifteeii or sixteen \zz:a since. Lin. Train, iv. p. I. 

f Beckst. Muster, p. 57. 

* Deeouv. rusi. 3. 127. 

§ Sir J, Austriither's Drawings. 



1 ■■ i' 



Hmg 



FALCON. 



57 



9.-^TIGER EAGLE. 

Fnlto ti^r'mus, Iml. Orn.Sitp. W. p. 10, Besek. Vog. >. 10. 'i. 1. la/. 2. Allg-u.d? 

Vof;. 1. s. G7(>. Sliaw's Zool. \ti. p. 100. 
Tij^tT Falcon, G'en. Si/n. Sup. ii, p. 19, 

SIZE of the Gohlen Eagle, if not bigger; cere blue; irides aiul 
Jeg.s yellc V ; head, iieelv, and br-T-a-st j>ale lirown, bu^ tlie upper pitrtN 
of both are bhiek — the cro'.vn ippearing in tine .^treaUs, the rest ol' 
t]u' npper [)arts dull brown ; «| lills bhick ; greater uing coverts bluck- 
brovvn, paU'r; tail dnil broui, crossed .vith thre«' narrow, (hstimt 
br.ids; beneath from the l)reast \\hit« , niarkeil witli some light ))roun 
sjiots on the thighs, and nnder {>arts of tlie \\ ings, in the mainM-r of 
a tiger. This was a male, and not nnlike one tignred by Frisch, t. 7(J. 

Inhabits Courland, -'bont which it breetls, and is a sj)ecies ecpiallv 
fierce, agile, and beantifnl. It aj*proaches farm-honses, and is a 
tlreailful enemy to tin* grouse tribe and hares, ou whicji it feeds 



vol.. r. 



^_i,«i-«ti: 



68 



FALCON. 



iH' 



10._OSPREY. 

Falco Halia-etus, /nrf. Orn. i. p. i". Lin. Si/st,\. 129. Faun. suec.'So.G^, Cm. Lin, 

i. '20.}. fir«. i. 440. t.:34. /r/. Svo. 1-20. Brun.p.b. 3/«//. No.(J6. Kolb.Vnp. 

ii. p. 137. Georgi. p. 164. Boroif*A-. ^^«^ ii. p.71. H. BfcA-**. Z>eu/. ii. s.'i-'iO. 

Daud. i'\. p. 07. Shaw's Zool. \'n. p. 82. GVi/irr. //c. p. 19G, 804. Tern. Man. 

f/'OrM. p. Ki. 7(/. r*/. ii. p. 48. 
MoiphiioB, sen Cliiiii,M, Iiaii.Si/n.\^.7. IVill. p.32. Id. Engl. G3. 
liiilbusai'diis, liaii. Si/n.\>. lli. }Vi/l.p,'37. Id. Engl, WJ, t. 0. Ger{». Orn. i. t,40. 

Hi,/, i. p. U«. t.2. /'/. Enl. 414. 
Fiilco cyiiiiops, Klfin. Stem. p. 8. t. 8. f. i. a. 1). <•• 
.Ai;,^li' (If MiT, Voij. en liarb, i. 2(i5. 

I iscliaar, lyirsiiig. i'lig. t.AT. ynturf. \\\\. s. "):1. Beckst, Crni. Satnrg. p.'ISO. 
U-^priy, (^fii. Si/n.i. p. 4.'). Id. Snj). p.V.i. Iir.Zuol.\. No. 4(). Id.Jbl. t. A. 1. Id. 

(■(/. ISl-_'. i. p. 204. Faun. Scot.], p. 17, |p|. 1. .Irrt. Zool. Vi. No. 91. Bewick.]. 

pi. p. l.'i. I.vwin. lir. Birds, i. t. 5. /(/. t. 1. f. 2. t'lrjj;. U'ulr. St/n. i. pi. ,5. Pnlt. 

t'ul. Dorset, p. 2. H'/iilr Sel/i, p. 97. /)oh. /fr. jfi/;(/,«. iii. t.70. Orn. Diet. S,- Suj,. 

TIIK Osprey is iieiirly 'itt. in h'ugtli; and the Meiiilit betwetn 
(V»nr and five pounds; Ijill )>la<'k; cere blue; irides yellow; heail 
t^atlifis cliiefiy brown, with wliit<' niarinins; hin<lliead, throat, and 
neck, N\hite, with a litlle ndxtureof brown on each siilc of the latter; 
under the eye bei>ins a band of brown, reaehinij^ almost to tht- 
shoulders; the body brow n above, white beneath : tail feathers barred 
with white on the inner webs, exc'ept the two iniddlt- ones, which arr 
plain brown; lej»s naked, short, and stronii,, of a bluish ash <'<»lour: 
claws remarkably long', hooked, and black. Kolben mentions thai 
the left foot is sid>palmat<<l.* This assertion has <'ertaiidy no 



* It (lous not api)far tliat tiiore is titluT liir'l or ipiadriipcd, in uliicli each ^ill^■ of tin- 
liotly <lof> not Correspond in a imtural state, liion;,'^li t!ie I'ontrary is sonietimcs seen in insects 
In tlie coinnion lol)stcr and several ot" the crah i;enus, the <'iav\s dili'er inncii ; in none more no 
tliun in the Carolina Sand crab (Cancir vacans Lin.], one of tlie claws of which is so nion- 
stroindy larji'e, as to oldij^e the niiiinul to snp|>ort it on the buck when in nintiou, while the othei 
IS \ery small, scarcely larger than ont; of the U),'s, In respect to winj^ed insects, even the 



mrw^ 



FALCOX. 



59 



foundation; but Col. Montagti obsenes, tlie outer toe in ])otli feet tunis 
easily backwards, and the claw belonging to it is larger than that of 
the iinier toe. 

This is an European species, and though met with in England, 
is not verv connnon — known to some by the name of Fishinn' Hawk 
or Eagle, and Bald Buzzard. It mostly fre(|uents lakes, and large 
pieces of fresh water, for the sake of the tish, on which it feeds ; 
plunging into the water after them with rapidity, on their approach- 
ing the surface, and rarely fails to bring up its ])rey in the talons. It 
will also attack ducks — is .said to make its nest on the groiuid."-'^ 
sheltered anion u: the reeds an<l rushes, an<l to lav three or fourth ite 
eggs, elliptical, smaller than those of an hen. \ cannot learn that it 
l>ree(lsin the south of Kngliuul ; some have said that it does so in 
Northumberland, but ])r. Ileysham, who resides at Carli.sle, has 
never heard of its being in that |)art of the country. AVe are however 
certain, that it breeds both in Sc«)tland and Ireland. I have known 
it shot near Dartford, in Kent, and Dr. Land> informs me of one being 
killed near ^lewbury, in Berkshire. AVhether it was ever tamed, .so 
as to be used tor taking tish, is not directly said, but some species of 
hawk certainly was trained lor that [)ur])ose— as we lind an act in the 

iiiiilks of tilt' wiiiji's fxai'tly cuni'sjioiKl on carli >iili Iiiilifil, a ^iiii^iiliir (•iituiiihtimci' occurs 
III olio «1" till' Cock Koiicli ^ciiiis,* wlili'li is, «!■ liilii'Vf, tli<' oi!l\ one known. In this s|n'«ii-. 
oiif ot" tlif wiiij^ fasts is niarkt (1 « itli loiii \*liil( spots, anil tin- ntlier witli tlirti- ouiv, antl whifli 
IS constant in evi'i y siiccinnu \ tt olisci-vi <1. 

As to LusHs Naturii', they arc tar tVoiii luiconiiiiou ; sncti as a iliick witlionf nebs to 
tliu toes : a ctnnnion snail \Kitli the spiral turns of tlic slifll rcvtrstil, one of wiiicli was toiiinl 
in my ^iirtlcii at Dartford, in Kent, several years since ; also a tloniider liinin;;- t lie eyes ami 
lateral line oil the left iiistwul of the ri'^lit liiilt'.t These, ami many others which miitht he 
mentioned, must he ret ktmed as singularities, happeniii<>; now anil then, imt l)\ no iiieaiH to 
he esteemed as permanent tlistimtioiis of species. 

• Klatta lieteruclita, /'all. Spic. iVo. 1). t. \. f. ;t. J'Hiv. A/ut. pi. 71. /. I. 

t Ui. Zooi. iii. 229. Jd. Ed. 1812, iii, p 3U«, 

* Colonel Moiitat^u saw the nest of one on the top of a irhimney of u ruin, in an island uii 
Ltvili Loinoiui.— Orn. Uicl. 

1 2 



60 



FALCOX. 



rt^iiiii of William and Marv, proliibitinif, for a certain period of the 
year, from takintr any salmon peal, or salmon kind, by hawk, 
racks, uins, &,c. 



1 .i^ 



A. — F;il< c) aruiitliiiarc\is, Tvd. Orii. i. p. IS. 3. Cmcl. Lin. i. ^G:}. S. C. (imel. It. ii. U\:i. 
Jhiuil. Orn. ii. p.()9. 

This ^ariety is said to have an ash-colonred cere ; tlie body ixvty 
above, and whitish beneath ; an even tail, and nale lei's. 

Inhabits Siberia, and makes the nest among the reeds. The 
<)sj)rey is found in regions far distant from each other, being frequent 
ill Kaints<^jialka, and parts still n^ore northward ; migrates in winter 
towards the south*; is met with also at the Cape of (jiotxl iIoj)t^t; 
said to fre(|uent the rock of (libraltarj at all times, and to bleed 
there, contimially Hying round the r<»ck, where there is deep water, 
rarely coming to land, except in the breeding season. 



R. — Faico ciirolineiisis, Tiid. Orn. i. p IS. •/. Cm. Lin. i. p. 2(i;3. Uaud. Oni. ii. p.fiO. I?. 
Kiilio pis<ator, Ihis. i. :JG1, 'M2. /</. Svii. 105. liuii Si/it. p. 10. K/cin. Ac. p. b'l. 

Ihif. i. !»•_>. 
I.' Ail;!'' piclu'in', f iii/liit amri\ i. p. '20. pi. 4. 

I', slim- Jla«k, t'lili'S. i'(ir. i. pi. 2. .hiur. Oni. v. p. 1:}. pi. 37. f. 1. 
Caruliiia Osprcy, (.Vh, .Syw. i, 4(>. A. .-Int. Zoo/, ii. A'o. t>l. Biirf. Triir. '280, 



This biiil is somewhat smaller than the l']uropean species, being 
only "i'iiii. in length; the extent of wings, of't. 'Jin. ; the bill bl'ack; 
cere blue; iiides yellow; plmnage above br<»wn, forehead and 
crown, .sides round the eve, and all beneath white, with a \ellowisli 
tinge ; forehea<l marked with a few streaks of black ; through tin- 
eye in .some .specimens, and in others beginin'ng behind it, a brown 



* roiiiui about Baikal — coinniou at Astrucliaii. — I)ir. rtiss. 

t Kolhc'ii. 

J Rev, J. White's MS. N.it.s. 



142. 



FALCON. 



(;i 



streak, at first narro>v, growing liroader by de<»rees, and passini; 

beliiiid the neck to the back ; tail ratlier paler tlian the upper j)art, 

rrossed with ei,y,ht darker brown bars ; inner webs of the leathers 

more or less white, Imt marked in the same manner with brown ; 

h'lTs A cry stout, roujili, liivht bhie, and leathered rather beh»w the 

joint ; <'laws very h»nt>', stout, and hooked. 

The female differs in be;nt>- laruer, with a ureater mixture of 

brown on tlie forehead, and a few dashes of brown on the breast. 
In both the feathers of the hindhead are elon.i>ated, uail ma\ be 

ereeted into a sort of crest. 

This is common in various parts of North America, and is the 
unwillini!: provider of fisli for the IJald Eai;le, which is ever on the 
watch to serve its ends, for as soon as the Osjney obtains a lish by 

diviiiii, the Bald Kagle flies after, and robs it of its prey-''. It may 
he called ;• bird of passa;;e, as it is found in the northern parts 
in the su^nuier only, and the first a[)pearance of it is welcomed, 
beiui;- the signal of the a|)proach of various Uin<l of fish to thr- 
joasts, oa which its food depends. The nest is made uenerallv 
(m single trees, chielly such as an- (.lead, or in a decaxing state, 
though Munetimes on high roc hs. It is composed of large sti<ks. 
not nnfrefjnently four or five feet in depth and two or three broad, 
mixed with dry stalks, sea weed, green grass, ami similai- materials, 
ami lined with dry sea grass. The eggs are three or four in 
number, whitish, generally maiked w ith didl brown. 'J'he young- 
appear about the eu<l of June. an<l are said to remain a louu; 
time ill the nest belore they attempt t.. fly. It is verv inunerous 
in America, from Canada to (Georgia. Mr. Wilson .savs, he has 
counted more than twenty neslw within half a mile, and that on 
one small island there were at least " i^Hi nests of J-'ishing Haw ks 



that ha\e \tmng, ami which, on an average consum( 



probabb 



Thi* i> !i1m. incntioiie.1 iii ivspict to lUc Bliii k Lu^Il. Scf Vhil. '/Viitu. v, I?. 



|) 1>89.— ; t7«yto«.; 






•1 (' il 

"AX 



G2 



FALCON. 



not less tlian 600 fish daily." It generally fishes on the wing, 
<larting after its prey into the water; but Mr. Abbot has observed 
one sitting tor a long time on the top of u dead tree, close to the 
water, from which it darted on the fish. 



C — Fiilco (•nyaiieiisis, Inii. Orn, i. IS. Cm. Lin. i. '2G.'J. JJaitil, ii, C9. C. 
Ciiyt'iiiu' OsiJicy, Cieii. Si/ii. i. 47. 15. 

^'liis variety differs cliiefiy in liaving the pimnage inclining to 
ferruginous, an«l a white streak on eacli side of the n[)])er mandible, 
ieadini'' through tlie eve to the hindhead. The lenifth of tliis bird 
is '20 inches, breadth oft. 2in. ; legs yellowisli. 

Inhabits Cayenne ; in the collection of Miss Blomefield. 



D— Fiilco Lt'vt'viamis, TikL Oni. i. p. 18. Cm. Lin. i. SWi. Duud. 

Zool. vii. |). 151. 
Leveriau ralroii, Cen. Syn. Sup. p. .')1. Arct Zool. ii, 101. 



ii, l'2r>. Shaw's 



This is rather smaller than the common Osprey. Hill dusky 
blue, stout, and hooked ; head, neck, and mider parts white; crown 
of the head mixed Ijrown and white ; body above brow n ; tlie featlieis 
maf gined and tipped with white ; on each side of the head a dusky 
mark, as in the Osprey ; tail l)arred brown and white, except the 
two middle feathers, which are brown and black, the shafts white; 
legs yellow. 

This is said to inhabit Carolina, was met with in the Leveriau 
Collection, and is pr«»l)ably a further variety. The Osprey is also 
.>^aid to be not uncommon in Iha/il. 



FALCON. 



63 



11— WHITE-CROWNED EAGLE. 



Falco kucoryi)hos, /iiof. Orn. i. p. 17. Gm, Lin. i. 259. Pallas reise, i. 454. J)aud, ii. 

p. 7l" Shaw's Zool, vii. p, IK). 
White '•'•owned Eu^le, Gen. Si/n. i. 42. Id. Sup. p. 13. 



THIS is in habit and size like the Ospiey, but the hmbs are 
longer ; the expanse of wings Gft. ; weight nearly six pounds ; bill 
strait at the base ; cere livid ash colour ; irides grey brown ; head 
grey brown, with a triangular spot of white on the crown ; throat 
white ; sides of the head darker than the rest, as in the Osprey ; 
plumage aliove the body clouded brown ; beneath the same, but 
paler ; (juills very dark ; tail lougisli, even at the end, where it is 
black; beneath it white, and some of the side teathers dotted within 
with white ; legs pale, one third of the shins feathered; claws large, 
l)la<-k. 

Inhal)its the more southern parts of the Jaick ; has been ol)- 
seiTed ouly towards the Caspian ; where it keeps near the rivers, and 
breeds upon high trees. It is probably a further variety of the 
Osprey. 



12.— COLRLWD EAGLE. 

Fh1<'o ijertnanicus, Tnd. Orn. Sup. p. iii. Shuw\^ Zool. vii. 10. 

L)f;r Ri>tlilichw».issi' Falku, All. U. d, \'oy. \. Zi(i'aw. s, 070, 120. Besck. Vog. Kurt. 

■,. 10. 12. a. cy la. b. 
Courland Falcon, Gen. Syn. Sup. ii. 19. 

THIS is somewhat smaller than the Tiger Eagle ; cere, indes, 
and legs yellow; general colour of the plumage reddish, smutty 





64 



FALCON. 



wliite, but the back, win.e:s, and tail, are dull brown, and the 
ends of the wiu'js paler ; the head, neck, and breast marked with 
lon;^ish, dull brown spots; the feathers, which han^ over the 
tlii^hs, appear to be rusty brown, for the en<ls of each having 
an oval spot of that colour, and being confusedly mixed together, 
give that appearance ; the tail crossed with four paler bands. Tliis 
is the female. The male agrees nearly in colouring, but is ouf- 
fourth smaller in size. 
Inhabits C'ourland. 





i 








* 1 1 


! ;1 


i 



13— JEAN LE BLANC EAGLE. 



FaU'O gallicus. hid. Orn,\. p. 15. Gm. Lin.'i. '259. Duiid.Vi. ir)8. Shaw't Zool. '■Yi. 

89. pi. 19. 
Fiilco hypoleucos, Dccuuv. ritss.Vn. 303. 

J alco brachydiictyhis, Tern. Man. d'Oni. p. 15. /(/. ed. 2. p. 10. 
Aquila Pyjriirt;>is, Bris.l 44S. ld.8vo.\. 127. Juhnsl. .Ir. t. 2. i?f/o/i. t. ]>. 104- 

Borowsk. ii. 71. 
Falco k'Ufopsis, Bcchst. DartscJt.eA.2. v. 2. p. 572. 
La Buse des (.'liainps a AiU's lonjjufs, Vot/. d'Azaru. iii. No. 31 ? 
Albaiulla, t'ett. Lc. Sard.:U. 
Jtaa le hlaiic, Cen. Si/ti.\. p. 39. Id. Sup. p. 12. liu/.\. \i\.A. P/. tnl. 413. 



i' 



NEARLY the size of the Black Eagle; length 2)1 n. : l»ill 
cinereous; irides yellow; plumage grey brown above, ^hite lit- 
iieath, spotted v\'ith rufous brown ; outsides and tips of the tail 
feathers brown, hiner webs white, barred with brown; legs yellowish ; 
claws cinerous. 

Iliis .species seems to be more common in France than elsewhere ; 
.sjud to live chietly on mice, rat.s, frogs, ^c. . 



FALCON. 



65 



The female is almost wliolly /ifrey, having no white, except on 
the rump, and that of a dirty colour. 

It nuikes the nest, for the most part, on the ground, among 
heath, furze, &c. but now and then upon pine and other liigh 
trees, and generally lays three slate-coloured eggs. 

Said to be frequent in the southern parts of Russia, especially 
about the rivers Don and Wolga, though not in Siberia. 

This species is used in falconry by the Calmucs.* 



14.— ROUGH FOOTED EAGLE. 



Fiilco na-vius, Tnd. Orn. i. 14. Cm. Lin. i. 258. Bris. i. 42.'>. Id. 8vo. 122. 
ii. .52. Shatv\t Zool. vii. 84. Tern. Man. d'Orn. p. 14. Id. Ed. 2. p. 42. 
Stein ailler, I'rhch. t. 71. Beckst. Deuts.W. s. 220. yatnrf.v\\\, s. 44. 6. 
\a petit Aii;le, Buf. i. !)1. 
Itou-^h-footed Eaj^lf, (ien. Syn, i. 37. Charl. onom. p. 6.3. 



Daud. 



SIZE of a large cock ; length 2ft. 7^in. ; cere and irides yellow ; 
general colour of the plumage dull ferruginous; beneath the wings 
and the thighs spotted with white; under tail coverts white; legs 
covered to the toes with dull ferruginous feathers, spotted with white ; 
rhn>s yellow. 

Inhabits Europe ; said to live chiefly on rats — su))i)osed to build 
ill Ilungiuy — but the nest and eggs are not mentioned. 

• Decvtiv. riiss. 3. 307. M. d' A zara compares the one referred to aliove, as found in Par:i- 
guay ; Ijut M. Sonnini, in u note below, thinks it different, us tlie wings are much longer i 
proport'on. 

VOL. I. K 



66 



FALCON. 



15— SPOTTED EAGLE. 




Falco maculatus, /nrf. OrH. i. p. 15. Cm, Lin. u 250. Daud.'i'i, 52. Shaw's Zool. y'n, 

p. 70. Tern. 3Iau. -d. 2. p. 4;j. 
Morphno congener, Itaii Si/rt. p. 7. Hill. p. 32. /</. £ng/. 03. Ctriii, Orn. i. t. iv. 
Kleiner Fisch Adler, .\ at u rf, v'lW, s. 54. 
Aquila Cliini^a, Klein. Ai\ p. 41. 
.Spotted Eagle, Gen. Sj/n. i. p. 38. Aret. Zool. ii. p. 215. C. 



Hi 



i 



i, (■ 



THIS is tno feet lont:^ — bill black ; cere yellow ; plumage above 
rleep rusty brown ; head and neck feathers narrow, as in the kite, 
part of the shafts, and the ends pale; wings marked with oval, white 
spols, which are larger as they are placed more downwards, and on 
the greater coverts they occupy almost the whole of the end ; the back 
spotted with pale buff colour; (piills deep brown — secondaries the 
same, tipped with (hrty white: those nearest the body have the ends 
white for near an inch ; upper tail coverts wliite ; tail deep brown, 
lipped with <lirty wiiite; belly, vent, and thighs brown, streake<l 
witli uliite; legs feathered to the toes, and yellow. 

This is found every where in Russia and Siheria, and even in 
Kamtschatka, and is the most miwarlike of any of the k <l ; has a 
))laintive cry, hence called Planga and Clanga. Preys chiefly on 
ducks, and lesser animals — is fearful to a degree of its lesser con- 
genera, as, according to Chardin, even the comparatively minutt- 
sparrow-hawk will put it to (light. 

This is by some supposed to differ in sex fn»m the Rough-footed 
Eagle. Temminck observe*, that it is common in Africa, and 
particularly in Egypt. 



FALCON. 



67 



1(>.— DR VNSMEHG EAGLE. 

F»lro glaucopis, Ind. Orn. i. Ifi. Gm. Lin, i. 255. Merrtm. Ic. Av. ii. 25. t. 7. Daud. 

il. 59. 
l)ran»berjf Eagle, Shaw't Zool. vii. lOi. 

LENGTH 21^111.; hill glaucous ; cere yellow ; irides yelk wish: 
liciul aud neck white, streaked with brown ; on the forehead some 
brown crescents; breast and back brown; quills black; tail rufous 
brown above, dirty white beneath ; on each feather six black bands ; 
tliisyhs short; leiji^s woolly before ; toes yellow; claws ])lack. 

Inhabits the mountain Dransberg. near Gijttingen. 



1 7 —ROUGH-LEGGED FA LCON. 



Rlko'|iKP|Ni», Ind. Orn. i. 19. Cm. I. in. i. 2(K). Brun. p. 4. Liems. Lap. p. 230 ? 

BeckH- Deuts.u. '££><. /ViicA. t. 75. Daud. ii. 107. >7((«u'*- Zoo/, vii. 105. Amer. 

Orn. iv. pi. 34. f. 1. 
<M<ia-fiilk, Art. aidr.'w. p. 417. t. 13. 
llou(;l»-legged f'akon, 6'en. .Syn. i. 75. Id. Sup. p. 18. Br. Zool. App. A. 1. Id. Ed. 

IH12.\. p. 228. pi. 26. Arct. Z.l. ii. 200. Leicin's Birds, i. pi. 14. 

LEN(;TH 2ft. 2 in. ; breadth ifion- than four feet; bill small, 
dusky; cere yellou ; irid^s bright amber; head, neck, and breast 
yellowish white, hen- and there streaked with brown; belly deep 
brown; thighs |jale yellow, marked Mith brown; scapulars blotched 
brown and yellowish white; wing coverts brown, edged with rust: 

K 2 




IMAGE EVALUATION 
TEST TARGET (MT-3) 





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WEBSTER, N.Y. MS80 

(716) 873-4$03 




()8 



FALCOV. 



ends of the quills «leep bnmn, base white; lower half of the tail 
white, the rest brown; tip dirty white;* leijs feathered as low as tin- 
feet, which are yellow. 

Inhabits Denmark, but has now and then been met with in 
this kingdom, four instances of whirli have occurred in my memory — 
one shot near London, twice in Sutiblk, an<l auain in Kent, picked 
up dead on the <'oast in I7J)2; said to lay lour eu:<;s, marked witli 
reddish s|»ot.s; It is now and then seen in Russia, and more frecpiently 
in the east part of Siberia, where it spreads very far to the north, 
and conu's soutiiward in winter; is also tound in North Ameri(;a, 
in low swamps aiul mea<l<»ws, teediuir on mice, froiis, and <lucks — 
common in winter in the low«r [)art of Maryhuul, New Jersey, and 
al()ng Connecticut Kiver. 



A.— Fiilco fiisnis, I'll, f^rocnl. \i.'ii}. ')\.h. Dauil.n. 10*. 

(iriv ['iiliiin, ('rniil:.i. 78. Ki^rdcAVl. 

(ircL'iiluiitl Ful<i)ii, (Jen. Syn. Sup. \i.'.i(). Arct. Zoiil. ii. '2'20. E. 



This variety is smaller, Ixjini; no more than 2*2 in. in lenijth — 
and <liti'ers cliietly in the tail, the ground of which i; creanwoloured 
white; near the tip a bar of brown, above an inch in brea«lth ; above 
that a second, l)ut half an in<'li broad ; aiut above these ea<'h leather 
has a spot upon it in the middle, mimicking when spread, a third 
bar; besides whi«'h, the two outer featheiN on each side have a few 
irregular spots of brown, almost the whole of their length, on the 
outer webs. 

The bird described by Fabricius is .said to be not unc(munon in 
Greenlaiul, and preys on the Little Awk, Ptarmigan, SuowHake, and 
other birds — is seen in combat with the Raven, but rarely proves 
victorious, for the latter bird, turning on its back and screaming 



i 












i 
i 




1 


Mm, 



• Tail covertH iipotteil with chocoUite in tlie fiinule. 



FALCON. 



6!) 



violentlv, liiinus otln rs to its 5ii«l, liv wliosr assistance tlie I'alam is 
(Irivrn otY. It builds not nnlike tlic Cincrtons l^ai^lc, and lays tVoni 
flirre to tive s|)ott('d «'iiifs. The tirsli is sonu'tinics «at«'n, and the 
sUin nsed hy iIm' (ircenlandcrs lor <'|(»atliintr. I'lif 'iNinus serve tor 
hrnsjx's, and the le^s are nsed as aninjets. 

Tn some drawings done in India, I observe a pale I'^di'on. 
>vliieh is probably a t'nrther variety. The ^^roninl eolonr of thr 
head nearly while, the teat hers blotched ■with brown down the 
xhaft ; ;j:ein'ral eoloin" ot' the piniiiaue abo\e the body pale brown, 
marked with deeper brown down the shafts; (piills darker, seeon<l 
tpiills barred with dnsky ; tail rounded at the end, |>ale dnskv 
ereani «'olonr, with two narrow , enr\ed, rnlbns-choeolate bars near 
the en«ls, erossinn all the leathers; vent white ; quills and tail ejjnal 
in It i)<;th. 

Inhabits the eonntrs about IJengal, in India, an<l called 
.Mm liarin. 



1 8. _1J()( )TE I ) FA LC ON . 



Fdlco pemmtiia, fiid. Orii. i, 10. (im.Lin.\. 17'2. Duud. u. KMJ. Brts. .Ipp. [i.i'l. 

t. 1. Id. 8vo. i. |). 1-20. Shaw's /oo/. vll. 14(>. 
lioutt'd Fulcoii, GVm. .S'y II. I. 7'>. /(/. Sup, ii. p. 24. 

SIZE of the Jerfaloui; length lOJin.; bill blackish; cere 
and eyelid.s luteous; plumage above blackish brown, with a tinge 
of violet, and variegated with dirty grey; beneath yellow l)r«>wn, 
with hmgitudinal bhukish lines; head and neck behin<l fulvous 
grey, with lines of the same; over the eyes a black stripe; tail 
brown, towards the end blackish ; tip grey, with whitish grey 
spots oil the sides ; legs feathered to the toes, which are luteous. 



I 





70 



FALCON. 



Brisson, who first mentions it, took the aliove ileseription 
from a specimen in the museum of Madame de nandeviUe. M. 
I>audin sujjposes it to be u younif maU^ of the rough-footed 
speeies. 



A. — La IJiitif t,'!\iito, Lcfnill. Ois. i. (>. /?•. [jI. lt». DauJ. ii. ICW. 
Iluutfil Falcon, (mcii. Si/n. Sup. ii. \>, '24. 



Tins .seems to vary l)ut little from the former; the chief dis- 
tinction is, in havin<>; a hss mixture of while in the pUuuau;e. Tliis 
variety is met with ahout the Cape »>f (io«»d Hope, parti<>uhtrly in 
the forest of IIottni(|ua, and fretpients the M<ti»dy parts distant 
from liahitutions, ii\ inii^ for the most part siuirly. Is said to be a 
bohl bird, more so than some others; quick in fliglit, and ollen 
stnzes partiidges. 



19— SCLAVOMAN EAGLE 

Fnlro scl.ivoniius, /nrf. Orn. i. p. 2(5. h'rnm. el. 'i2i>. It. Po$eg. ]i.Q9. Daud.u. lUti. 

Shiiw's Zovl. \ii. 171. Trm. Man. (I'Orn. [>.'2;2. 
Sclavonian Falcon, (Jen. Si/h. Sup. ii, p; 24. 



II 



I i! 



' '1 



SIZE of a fowl ; bill dusky i)lue ; cere yellow ; irijles <hisky ; 
head. neck, and breast, Inifi' colour, streaketl with black ; belly 
black, in some spotted ; quills dusky ; secondaries brown, banded 
with black; wing coverts spotted rufous, testaceous, and Idack ; 
tail white from the base to beyond the middle ; brown tt>wards th«* 
end, the margins of the feathers testaceous ; in some crossed with 



FALCON. 



71 



five dusky l)aiuls ; rmnp and vent white, witli a few dusky spot*; ; 
sliins featliere«l, testaceous in colour, \\'\\\\ l>la<"k marking's ; lejjs 
yellow. 

Inhaliits Posseija. in Sclavonia; is nuM probably not tar di tier- 
ing from the rou.ij;h-h jxged Kagle, as that bird varies nuieh tVoui 
age or sex. 



20— JEKFAI/'ON. 



I'uK-o ji;yrfiilt'o, ItiH. Orii. \. ',i'2. Lin. Si/tl. i. \'-W. Fn. Sure, No. 04. dm, l.t.i. i. 

•J7.'>. Klriii. .Ir. p.. IK />««(/. (>»h. ii. J)!). /j<<7i.v/. y)cM/.tr/i, ii. .'JOH. Sliuius 

Ziiiil. vii. |) 1*20. 
(lyrl'al.o islaii.liis, Ihis \.\^T^. A. t. 1)1. /,/. Sy,,. 108. Ilru,i.\). .l/,(//,r., No. Til. 

7Vm. .Willi, ii. p. li*. 
(i.rC.ilt. li,,f.i.'2^V'X I.I. l;). I '. ciil. '210. 
IJro«ii .liTlitlt oil, (iin. Si/n. i. p. S'2. 
Ii'i-hiinl I'alioii, (irii. Stfii. i. p. 7 1 . 15. /x/rni,'. 2,1. 
Arctir Fuli'oii, Cfii. Si/ii. i. p. 70. 40. viir. I.. 



3irC'II contusion lias arisen in respect to this sp<(;ies, I'roni 
its gr«;at variation in |)luni;ige. TIk; most natund slate iippear'^ 
to be nearly this: length 'i'Jl in. bill bluish ash-colour; ctie tin- 
same; iriilcs yellow; head brown, the t<';ith«-rs eslged with rulons 
white; the rest ot' the teathers, on the U|)per jiart ot" the b<»d\. 
brown, each edged on the sides with whitish spots; rinnp iuid tail 
coverts striped across with grey; throat tlirty rufous white ; tore part 
of the neck the siiUie, dashed <lown the shafts with brown ; breast, 
iM'lly, inul under wing coverts white, marked with <lusky spots; 
sides, thighs, and under tail coverts barred dusky and white ; cpiills 



w^ 



72 



KALCON. 



brown, lianded wliitc an<I bniwii on tlit* inner ^u■ll; tail handoi 
brown and wliifi>b, the lalUr marked wiiU numerous brown specks; 
tip of the t.iil white ; hifs yellow; (laws black. 



A.— Fiilcc. ishinil'utis. Tntl. Orn. i. :V2' dm. Lin. i. 075. UH. H. /?r/.v. i. .'170. t. .*)0. 

III. .Svd. lOS. Krun, No. H. Mulhr, 75. H'ttl. |.. 1 J. t. S. I'r. iirocnl. No. \ih. 

Jiorotv.sk. yul. ii. p. 7"i. (i. /-»«. 'I'tuih. mi. |>. d"J.S. 
Fiili'o ciiiuliciiiii., <tm. Lin. i. 'i?'). 

ArcipitjT muscovilii'ii.i fx iiii;r<i viirius, (irrin. Orn i. t.30. 
Crlault, /<.//. i. 241. /'/.«■«/. 440. 
Wfiiiser riilkf, !S'ulurf. viii. s. ftO. 

Ii-cliiiiil riili'oii, dm. Sifn. i. 71. Var. A. R. Id. Suji.W, p, 27. 
White Jerfiilcon, f.V/i. Sifn. i. p. KJ. 84. /(/. .S'h;>. p. 21. lir. /.>»/. i. No, 47. t.l». Lt. 

Ed. 1812. i. p. 217. pi. lU. Arct. Zoo/, ii. p. 221. V. Liwins Uirdu, t. 1«. i/fuicA 

i. p.2<J. 



This bird varies so exeeedinuly from the original colours, as to 
have uiven sanction for authors to rank individuals as s|)ecitic 
diflerences, and tho.se who are mo.st in theneiirhbourhood of its haunts 
find that, independent of the variations incident to all of the ifeiius, 
it loses its brown colour, more or less, in pro|)ortion to its ai»e, or 
coldness of clinmte, and, in some old birds, nearly approaches to 
white. 

'J1ie Jerfalcon of Hudson's Hav is there <'alle<l Pau-pune-nav-sue. 
and is larner than the I'luropean species; is said to\\ei;;h 'l-Joz. troy; 
is "i'J in«hes lontr, and o() inches broad; liill and cere livid; eyes 
dark blue; crown, and hind part of the neck white, streake<l >\ith 
bhu'k — the rest of the upper jiarts the same, with trian<>:ular sj)ots of 
black; the feathers tipped and marifined with white; liieater wiui; 
coverts, secondaries, and quills. barre<l with black— the emls of the 
latter black; tail white, barred with black, but except the two 
middle feathers, only on the outer webs; breast white, with loniii- 
tudinal oval white spots, the size of a pea ; thighs and vent white; 
leus short, of a livid tiesh colour, covered half wav with feathers. I 
received this account from mv friend the late Mv. Iliitchins, who was 



FALCON. 



73 



stiitioiunl there inanv years, aii«l was iieculiarlv acrurate in liis 
obstirvatious. 

Tliis species, with its varieties, lias ever been in niiieh estimation 
for its nse in ^h'tniry, and Irehmd has the repntation of furnishin;; 
the most cfenerons breed.* The Kini? of Denmark is sitid to send 
there anunally to bny np all that can be proemed, the est'ddished 
pUue being Bessested, to whi(;h the leelanders brinif them as soon as 
taken, the white ones being in most esteem, and they mn.st be very 
docile, for they catch them in nets, of any size or age. t Bell, in Iun 
Travels,:}: .says, that aboijt Zal)acli-yeer and Casan are canght the 
best and largest Falcons in the world, whi<'h are purchased by tin* 
Tnrks and Persians — the Hnssians prefer the ohl ones, which are 
taken in nets, with a live bird as a decov. These >\ill tlv at swan- 
goose, heron, or cnuie, and will take a dnck ont of the water when 
only the bill appears. The Tartars also tly them at antelopes and 
hares. Some of the Falcons are as white as u dove. 



21.— COLLAIiED FALCON. 

•Fulio rujticolu:!, fnd, Orn. i. 2.S. Lin. l'2."i. Faun. suic. No. 5(>. f.'m. Lin. i. 208. Fn. 

srroenl. No. 34. Hrrk.il. Drul. ii. ii,i;'. i. S.'}J>. Daud. ii. KKJ. 
Collared Falcon, (itn. Sijn, i. 50. Id. Sup. 15. Arvt. Zool. ii. |>. "J'^ti. (i. 

SIZK of a hen; bill lead colonr; cere and eyelids luteous; 
pinmage above ash-coloured, \utdidated with white; beneath white. 



• C'upt. Suhiiu' iiifiitioii!! a »in);lf iiititaiicf of its hj-iii^ fuuiul in (•rfrniand.— Lin. Tram. 
12, p. ri2S. 

f AUo at Vienna, a-i the rolliiwiii^ letter will tvit'Jy. —I'oiirn/iiiifru, I)rr. 17, 17!M.— 
" The vessel du Itoarii nl" wiiieli were the Falcons from Iceland, annuully sent to the Court of 
\ ienna, wa> >hi|»\v reeked near Castro|>." — Si. James's i'hrun. Jim. 10, ITW. 

X liill't True. 1, p. 18. 

VOL. I. L 






■! 



T4 



KAirov. 



with rurdated small bnmii spots; round the neck a white collar; tail 
nosse<l with twelve or thirteen alternate white and brown bands ; leifs 
liiteous; elaws blark. 

Inhabits Sweden, also (ireenhuul, but is there seldom met with ; 
is railed by the natives Milleknlartok, si«^iiiyin^ spotted — also seen 
ill the desjirt and ojien plares between the J>on and VVol^a, in the 

Kiissiaii dominions, but we In^lieve is not very common any where 

is probably allied to the Jerfalcon. 



'2-2 —BROWN FALCON. 



hilcotusrus /nil.Orii.\. |>. '21. Bris.i. 331, /</. 8vo. i. <>:». (im.Lm.i. 171. 
N'ultur Fy^iirtjiis, Fri.irh. t,7<>. 

Itrowii l''iil<iiii, (ifii. Si/ii. i. (iS. 

SIZI'. ot' tli<" .brlaleon: bill ash-eoloured ; eere yellowish ; head 
brownish, marked with loiiifitiidinal rusty Inown spots; upper part 
nl" llie b»Ml\ blown, spotted with deeper brown — beneath white, 
>»pofled with brown, the spots on the breast lanee-shape<l ; tail barred 
niroiis white, ami rusty brown ; leys yellow; elaws black. 

liilial»ils ICurope, an<l is most likely also related to the Jerfalcon. 



1 


' ■' 




r 






.»■ 


! ■ 




L 


|L. 


. * ' I-. 



m 



FALCON. 



75 



23— SPOTTFJ) 1 .VL( 0\ 

Fiilro versicolor, /;»/. Orn. i. a:), (im. I.iii.i. 27'2. I)uu<l.4, 105. Tern. Mini. d'Orn. 

|>.'2I. 
SpotteH Kiilcon, (irn. Syn.t. p. 74. Br.Zool.t. pl.'JtV Id. Ed. 181', pl.i'). l.ewtn. 

\. |il. l:). .S'Auif'* Zoo/, vii. 1 27. Oni. /><.(. Jr Am/'. 



SIZI*! of a huzzanl ; bill black; oere and iiiiles yj'llow ; rroun 
ami liiinl part of the neck white, .s|»>tted with liuht reddish brow n ; 
l)ack and sciipidars the same, edu;e<l with white ; qnills dusky. barr»d 
with ash colour; beneath the bo<ly white, with a few rusty spots on 
the neck and breast; rump white; tail barred with li<^hter and 
darker brown ; legs strong. 

This has twice been shot in Shropshire— but is not unconnnon 
in America, as Mr. Abbot ranks it amon<>; the birds frejpientinir 
(ieorgia. He says, it equals in .size the barre«l-breasted IJuzzanl. and 
observes, that the lesser winif coverts are marked with\>hite, most so 
on the inner ^^ebs, the ends brown, and when the feathers lie smooth 
no A\hite a|>pears ; the younu; male has a ^i'reat proportion of \\hite. 

The t'emale does not greatly diti'er — the rump white ; tail liuht 
brown, with nine darker liars, and a white tij) ; under jiartof the 
tail \\hite, but onU four or tive pale <luskv bars visibh'. 

Th«' food is the same as that of the barred-brcaste«l, also locusts 
and grasshoppers. Mr. Abbot adds, that the Ilauks retire int<t the 
tiiick woods and swamps to breed, but alter the\ liriug out thcii' 
young, are <lestructive to fowls an«l chickens — are most frequent the 
tirst of winter, sunning themselves on the toj)sof dead trees in trosts 
mornings. Daudin supposes this to be a variet\ of the ('onnn)*n 
Falcon, but Col. Montagu, with greater probability, thinks it 
allie<l to the Jerfalcon. 

L2 



'vmr n 



w 



i' I 



76 



FALCON. 



24— IIONRV mZZAHD. 



Fuli'ip u|>ivorim, /;«/. Orii.i. 25. I.ririu. i. \.W. /'ui/n. jure. No. (iTi, (im. Liu. \. *J*!7. 
7?ri*. i. 410. /i/. Sw». 117. W.ii/ |.. hi. H «//. |.. ;J!». t. ;j. Viri/M. p, 5, ,Vm//. .\... 

«>S. AV<im. ;j;n. /<.■.<•»/. />««/.«A. li. -^UJ. iJdin/. ii. iJJi. i>Auu''* Zoo/, vu. p. 
114. 7Vw. .1/.(H. ./Oni. |.. -iJ, 
Die Hinil'ri'BSCr, .\iiliirf'. X. s. '>4. 

I.ii Uimdri'i-, 7J«/. iON. /'/. /;«/. 4i(). ^iJ. Z/mh,,,,. t. |:). f. 75. 
lliMii y TJiizzanl, (I'lii. Si/ii. i. p. -VJ. lit. Sup. \t. \4. Itr. Zoul. \. .')fl. /(/.yi)/. pi. A. 4, 

iimlA*. 4. /./.*</. lMl-2. p.i.io. ./r. ■^ /,,„/. ,1. p. 224. I. ,///<jh. i. p|. 2. »'(//. 

/■,'«i:/. *.S. pi. :J. Itiuiclf. \. pi. p. 17. Lniiii.u t. I. /r/. t. i. f. 4. C),'jr. If'liitt's 

Si'lhonii, \i. W). I'ulh l)urs.\>.:\. /IVi/.. i. pi. 7. Orn. l)i<l. ir Sup. 



I.E\(i"riI •i.3in. wtiulit 'in ouiu'j's, «»r iikut ; brtadtli four feet : 
liill ami WW «liiskv ; iridt-s •r(»|<l<n vtllow; lira«l asli-coluur ; tlie rest 
ot" liic pliiiiiat;(- alio\f (l»t|> hrowii ; thin yellowish wliife, marked 
uilli nan'ovv l»ro\vn lines ; fore part of the iie«'k nifoiis brown ; hreast 
and helh transverselv harred rnfons and white, each teafher l)einii 
\\hile, with two liars ot" luoun; tail dnil )>rown. erossetl with u 
darker bar near th«' end, ami another in the middle ; lei;s short, stout. 



•II 



yellow 



elaws I) 



laek. 



That deseribed in tin- IJiitish ZooloiiA ha<l the ]>reast and bell\ 
white, bofh marked with dusk} spots, pointinu' downwards, and 
three bars in the tail. Jjnn;ens's bird had onlvone 1>and on the tail, 
the ti[) ot' whii'h was white. Hrisson obser^«'s, that the side tail 
feathers are banded with whit*- on the inner web, an<l spottetl with 
brown, but Albin's speeim»n had no bars on the tail. Hence we 
mav inf»'r, that the bird is subject t(» nmch >ariety; insonnich as to 
make it diHi(;ult to say what is the simple, or true state of the plumage. 
That hrst describe«l is taken trom on<* in my own collection. 

is the least common in Kuuland of all the JJuzzards. 



Th 



IIS species 



an< 



I mav be called rare, Millo^hby supposes it to feed au the larva* 
of AVitsps and bees ; also caterpillars, both hairy antl smooth, have 



l^ii 



FAUON. 



T7 



\*t^n fouml in tlie stoinsicli— said to ImiIIiI <>ii trtt-s, iniikinc: a ii«st 
with sniiill fwiifs, uihI liiud with wool, hivin;; two «-i:^^>, «liity whit»% 
l>lot(*he«l with firriiuinons; Imt •.uconlinir to Mr. ^\ hitt-, «lottr«I at 
rarh ciui with a smooth rrd spot, aiul a broad hl«H>dv liaiid in the 
niiddh'. I iM'lit'vi' thi- rifirs ynry iiiiK'h in n's|i»Tt to roloiir. as I 
ol»s«'rvf<l in the IMnsenni of thr late l)nt«h»*vs |)i»wa^«-r of Portland, 
some of a det'p rt'd lirown, blotched with tV-rniirinons. 

It is fonn<l, niort; or less, on the ICnropcan <-ontincnt, in Hnssia, 
as well as Siberia, «'s|MM'ially where wo«kIs are near, and lizards 
ph-iititid, of which it is fond, but will also eat niiee, and the larife 
Nort of dragon tlies; however, we believe it to be no where a 
«-i>nunon bird. 

A.— Falc" iiiccrf u-^, /»(/. Orn. i. '■Vl. Hnuil. ii. lltj. 

I'ali'i) iliiliiiis, Miis Ci/iV.v. /(i.vf. II. t. "Jli. lint. Squ. Sup. w. p. "27. 

Hill black; irides yellow; head, hirni part of the neck, and 
winu' coverts cinereons brown, niaruincd outwardly with ternminons ; 
rhin, throat, and breast rust «oloin*; the shatVs of the feathers black ; 
tail cinereons, tipped with black, cro>sed with three lirown bands 
towards the base ; leirs saffron <'oIonr. 

Inhabits Sweden, but is not a common species. 



2o.-L()N(i-TAILi:i) FALCON*. 

FaK'o iiiacruurutt, fnd, Orit.i. p. '2!). Cm. Lin. \. 2*H). \. ('. Prtr. x\. p. 4-"J0. t.8.!>. 
(.'nifl. Il.\. p.4S. L<i>iih.ll.\. p. .v.), 41. Daud.u. p. lUt. Skate's Zool.wu \m. 
Lon«^-tuiK"<l Fulroii, (ieu. Syn.\. p. 51). 

LEMiTII inin.; lireadth nearly 2ft. : bill black, at the base 
jrreen ; cere yellow; eyelids and iiides satiion colour; upper parts of 



J * 



'HI Hi 




7>^ 



FALCON. 



flic IhmIv rinpn-ons, on tlu' l»;K'k iiu'liiiiiic to ihI ; beneath white, 
tiiiifeil ^vith asli-rulour on the npper part ot' the neck ; tail iii\»- lontf. 
i'oiin(h*(l, whitisli, han(le<l alternately with <leeper and paler broun, 
the two middle feathers plain ; le^s yellow; <>law.s black. 

The female is brown above, and the leathers ed/^ed witli chest- 
nut, most s« I on the head ; beneath inclinini; to yellow; (juillsdeep 
brown, with whitish tips; tail brown, the tour middle feathers trans- 
versely nnirked with d«eper luown, and (»thers with broad interrnpttd 
l»ands, all ot' them Mith ferrnuinons tips, but that of the <Miter out; 
sj lotted with black. 

Inhalnts Russia; known by the nnineol' Jam. 



20 — M AKGTNED FALCON. 



Fiilco innr^iitutiu, lnil.Orn.\. \i.'H\. It. per Posfi^, \t,2S. Dtiud. Vi, 107. 
MHr^iiii-(l Fiili'oii, (ien. Syn, Slip. |>. '24. 



SIZE of a fowl; head and l>ack featliers brown, with ferru^iinous 
marufins — bentath the body ferruginous, with lon<;ish oval spots. 
Quills brown, with several obs<iire bauds, and ferruginous white 
tips; tail brown, with fo\u" broad, dusky brown bauds, margined on 
lioth sides with white, and a white tip, Imieath whitish witli trans- 
]>arent bands. 

Inhabits Sclavonia. 



«'-wvjm" 



FALCON. 



79 



27— lUZZAUl). 

Falto nuti'o, /h(/. OfH. i. p.'iJ. Liu. Si/.U.\. 1-27. /'«. .Vwrc. N ■. (HI. (.m.Liu.\.'h\f>. 

Uaii Syn.\).H). />'<//. p. 3S. t.Ci. .V«o;>. ./mm. i. No.4. Urun. \i.b, jl/«//.No. (t4. 

Ceurffi p. KM. liris. i. 4<MJ. /(/. Sv.i. ^(Hi. A'/cjm. ^/r. \t.W. Id. Slim. p. K t. H. 

f. 2. a. 1), /f/ Or. p. lf». t. 0. »".2. /'((MM. /fnilf. p. (iH. Kram. rl.'.i'Ht. Itrrksl. 

J)eulsrh.\\. B. 'i-'JS. t. X. />««(/. ii. lf)4. Jlisl.de Li/oii.i,\. IU8. Cioiruii. Shan's 

Zo«/. vii. p. KH). Ti-m.Muii. 'Oni. p. '.>0, A/. £'«/. 2. p.lW. 
Biistlmrt, Nitturf. viii. ». 52. 

1,11 lliisf, «h/. i. 2(K(. t. 8. /'/. /•;»/. 41!). \'<»j. en Barb. i. 2(J«. 
MHiisHf Ceycr, Ciinth. Aist. ii. Ey. t.ftO.' 
PojiiiiH Kfciiiidn, '/Annan. Wt. t. 14. f. W. 
Buzzard, Uen. Sijn. \. p. 48. /</. .Sxp. p. 14. Br. Zvol. i. .No. 54. pi. 25. Id. /ot. i. 

A. .J. M «/. 1S12. i. p.2:J2. pl.27. U'/7/. £'«/,'/. p. 70. Alh.t.t.l. lirwirk x. 

pi. p. 15. L/it/H Itr. liirds.'x. pi. 0. Jl'ahol Br. Birds, i. pi. (». /'«//. <'(/r p. 3. 

(Irares Br. Ornilh. Orn. Diet. 



TlirS is biir^er in the body tlum a kife ; lenylli 1 ft. Hiii. ; MM 
had rohmr ; cere hiteous ; irides thirk ; the body is fernijjjiiious hrow n 
above; beneath [)ah\ varied withbrouii; tail brouii above, l)arred 
with (hirUer brown ; beneath greyish, tipped k\ith rnt'ons white; Itgs 
yeUow, elaws bUn'k. Is the common Bn//ard of all antliors, )»y 
.some called Pnttoek, antl well known; its food is varions; birds, small 
qnadrnpeds, reptiles ami inse«'ts ; \aries extremely, scarcely two 
being' loinid alike. It breeds in large woods, nsually in an old crow's 
nest; lays two or three eggs at most, which are Idnish Avhite, with 
rnsty spots, chiefly at the larger eml. In some parts of FmiKe is 
thonght good food, and is generally fui in winter. Is not very 
frequent in Russia, and in Siberia extremely scarce; is sufliciently 
conunon in various parts of Gennany, but certaiidy less so about 
Berlin, for T well recollect, that once de.siring Dr. IJloch, of Berlin, 
to procure for me a Bustard's eix'^, which is there not nncominon, he 
mistaking my meaning for that of a Buzzard's egg, obsened, that he 



■1:' 



80 



FALCON. 



rouM not olitiiin one, bnt very obli^iin/jfly sent me a drawing of tlie 
.siiltject ill <|ii('stion iiisteiul ; eoniiiioii in some parts of Spain, and 
now and then taken at (lihraltar on its passage to and from Barl>ar\ . 



A —Kill. ■<> I'riti I Jii.ls.iiii*. £;•/.«. i. SVi. /</. 8v o. lo;}, D<iutl.V\. 15«. D. Cm. Liu. 

i. 207. Sliiiw'.s '/ool. \\\. p. 11(1. 
FniK'on (If la ISiiic <ri liuUoii, liujW. 22.'). 
I.:t Bust- cfiidrfi', I'irHl. .tin. i. p- '-Vi. 
Ah1i-(<>Ioiiic<I Hiiz/artl, dm. Si/ii. i. \>.!)'i. Eihc. pl.jij. yjr<t. Zoul.u, No, 103. 



'^rill^ Anieriraii liird is somewliat larger tliiin tlie Enropean; 
tilt' 1)111 iind eere Idnisli ; iriiles yellow; o\er the eye a white line 
sjiott^Ml with Inown, under it a «lnsky one; plumage above cinereons 
brown; beneath mixed with white; qnills <lark brown, the tiist 
spotted ontwaidly Mith white; tail alwve rinereons brown, banded 
>vith grey; bna^ath cinereous, banded with white; legs bluish ash- 
rolonr, feathered for half the length ; ehnvs black. 

Inhabits Hudson's Bay, Newfoundland, and other places in 
America: called, at New Vork, the great hen Hawk. 



T>. — TJiitfo poniiatiis, Daud. ii. IM. 
Uiisf Ciaiit«'»-, Levail, Ois. pi. 2^. 



i ■ 



This stteins to lie a variety of tlie common Buzzard, having the 
legs and toes feathered. Ijcvaillant met witJi this bird in Africa. 





\ '\ 


1 




i 

■ \ 

■ \ 


1 



i\ — Butt'o Albus, DanA. !i. IW). 

This variety is white, marked with brownish spots; most spaiiog 
on the head, throat, and Ineast ; wings white. 
Two of these arc in (he Museum at Paris. 



^TT- 



FALCOV. 



81 



27.— PEU I'Xi U I N E FA IX'ON. 

I'lil. (> ixn-riiiws, /w(/. Oni. i. O.J. f.Hi. 7.i;i. i. 'i/i. ]iaii Syit. \>. V-). M'i//. p. 4.}. t "<. 

r.'(i7)i. 0;;i. i. t.*2:». 2t. /)</«</. Or/i. ii. p.!)/. /{)i,v. O/ii. 1. :U1 . A</. S\... 'JS. 

Jiecksl Ih'ut.irh. ii. ». lUHl, t xi. liisik. /'"!,'. A'ur. p./. t. 1. Shaiv's Zool. vii. p. 

lis. //»(,;•. (ini.ix. 120. pi. 7"). )'.;$. Tim. Mini. lid. i. \>.12. 
I'au.oi. I'll. Tin, /;»/:i. 21!). t. l(>. PL llnl.VW. M\ old l)ir<l: 
rcrc-rinf hilioii, <■.>((. .S>». i. 70. Id. Sup. \S. /{;•. Z.m./. i. N... tS. }. 20. Id./d. 

t.A*r>. /(/. »-(/. 1S12 i. p.2lM. pl.2(». .liii. Zool. Vi. No. !>7. Ltu-in's Bird^. i. 

pi. 1-2. \\ill.i:ii!il.'^>.\,\S. \\alntl.\.\.\2. Orn. Diet, S- Slip. Lin. Tram. 

Ml. p ')21>. 
TiiL^o iii-'T, litis. \. •.m. !•:. l,!.Sv,>. !)(. f.'m. Lin. i. -27(1. 
I .ili-o I'liM II'., I'risrh. t . S.{. /iVni .Syw. p. Kil. •'). 
. riiuroii piissiii;*-!-, «»/". i. 2(i:i. I'L I'.nl. m*. 
IJIink lull uii, (ii'ii. Si/n. I, ()7. £,'(/«■. pi. 4. 



rr apjuars fnnn a variety of obsei-vatioiis, that tin- two, «|uote(l 
as <litit'ieiit birds bv aiitliois, art' in reabtv only the l*ert'u:riiie, 
Mliich even in llie a(hilt state varies not a litlh'. The ueneral 
doeripfion o{ the ohi birtl is as foUows : — lenuth IS in.; breadth -Hi; 
bill liliiish ; «•( re and irides bileons, in snnu' dusky; the phnnaiie 
al^o^e cinereous, m ith transverse bro\\ n bands, (hn'kesf about the 
head; beneatli rulons white, crossed with hiackish bands; lail 
banch'd, cinereous an»l Idackish, with a white tip; legs short, 
}eIIou ; toes long, claws black. 

I'he IMack, so called by authors, ditiers in ha\ini;- the feathers 
of the upper part of the neck, wing coverts, und rump, edged 
with white; on each side of the head a large, <in\ed, black mark 
front the month, like a mustacho, in a bed of \\hite; nndtr parts 
brownish, each feather tipptd with black; wing cov«'rts black, with 
white sp(»ts ; edges of the wing white; legs lead colour. 

VOL. I. M 




il'i 



83 FALCON. 



ralio niarulatu», Bris. i. 32«. F. Id. Cvo. 05. Daud. ii. p. 95. D. & «8. B. - 

Fiili'o iia-viiis, Cm. Lhi.'i 271. 

S|)oftMl-win)red Falcon, Gen. Syn. i. 08. Edw. pi. '.i. 

This, it* not the trinale, is the yoniig bird of the Peregrine. 
Si/e of the last ; l)ill ami cere the same; irides obscure; phiinaue 
above brown ; on ea(.'h side of the liead a large black mark under 
the eye, passing to the beginning of the neck ; beneath the 
plumage is white, spotted with brown ; the spots largest on the 
breast and belly ; wing coverts brownish, marked with roimd 
white spots ; legs as in the other. 



^11' 






A.— Falco tatari.us, Bn.f. i. 341. irf. 8vo. 98. Cm. Lin. x. 272. Belon. Oi$, p. IK, 
Tartarian Fali'uii, faV». Si/n. i. 7'3. 

This ditf'ers in being a trifle larger, and having the wings 
nifous abo\e, and tin; toes longer in proportion. 



R.— Falon Imriiarus lud. Oni. i. 3.3. Lin. Si/st. i. 125. Om. Lin. i. 272. Bris. i. 

34.3. A. /(/. 8vo. OU. 0V» . Orn. i. t. 25, 20, 27 .> Daurf. ii. 98. C. Shaw't 

/.ool. vi. 12!>. 
I'airo tiiiR-tanii.'i, Raii Si/n. p. 14. Jf'ill. p. 17. Kltin, p. 48. 
I5arl)ary ralcoii, dm. Si/u. i. 72. JVitl. Enii. 81. Alhin. 3. pi. 2. 

In size an<l colour this most resembles the Lanner; length 
ITin.; bill blacU ; cere and irides yellow; plumage bluish ash- 
colonr, s|iotte«l with black; few or no spots on the wings; breast 
yellowish while, with a blue tinge; on the lower part of the belly 
largish black spots; (|uills black, with the outer edges white; wings 
nearly as long as the tail, which is crossed with seven brown bands. 

Inhabits IJarbary. The Percgnne Falcon seems to be a 
general inhabitant ; but we believe it to be less frequent in England 



M i: ^ 



^fimmmiim 



FALCOV. 



8.1 



tJian in some otln-r parts, aiul A\as form* rly httter known, from its 
ht'inir made us« of in falt-onrv. It cliicth rnMiiients our rockv 
roasts; and ])reys nnicli on the ••iiilK'niot and ra/or-liili, dnriiii; 
tiieir i)reediiijL!: season. (.'ol. Mont^iuii intorms us, that these birds 
hreed abont Tenby, ami are in phiity aloutf the roast of Caeniiar- 
thensliire. Mr. Pemiant observes, that they br<ed iu the ro4 ks in th»* 
llii*hhinds.^ The euifs are three or t<»nr in number, of u yeMowish 
red eoh>ur, marked with brown spots, uml the female sits 18 or '20 
davs.f 

It is met with in various other jiarts of Europe ; in the northe:n 
parts of Asia; is frecpient in Kams(*hatka ; wanders in sunnner to 
tiie very arctic circle, returninij: south in winter; is also in America, 
where it is observed to be of a very lar<ie size: at Hudson's Hav 
known by the name of Papana-sew-kaycake ; has been killed 
in lat. 66. N. and lonq. 58, w. and therefore most pmbably from 
America.J 

It was observed to me. by Dr, Ilevsham, that a temale. killed 
May, 1781, in the mountains about Keswick, in Cumberland, 
weighed 36.ioz. ; was lOin. in leniith, and 42 in breadth; tliat it 
is very destructive to game; for near tlie nest were foinid the remains 
of moor-game, partridges, plovers, &c. ;§ is a very noisy and cla- 



• Tour ill Scotl. 1760. p. 130. 
t Becksteiii. 

* Lin. Traiu, 12. p. 520. 

jj It huit been mentioned to me, timt one of these, in the vicinity of Hainkteud Park, 
llerkH, a male bird, had been the tyrant of the place for several vt-ars, and uas so shv, as 
to elude every attempt to shoot him. Thin bin! found no dirticulty in attacking hares, as 
well a« other game, and destroyed numbers of them. At last, the keeper, being concealed 
for the purpose of shooting a buck, an'l the l)ird roniiiig witiiin 1(K) yards of iiin), the jiutu 
tirkd, and with a single ball in hit gun, naa lucky enough to dispatch liini.— Dr. Lamb. 

M2 








84 



FALCON. 



morons liird : the youn^ in tlie nest were tliree in number, and the 
male fed them tor a Meek or 1<^n thiys after the female was killed. 

llie Perei«rine Falcon is f<»und in Cjieory,ia, in America, where 
it is called Spotted Cinereous ]Ia\^k. 3Ir. Abbot observes, that it is 
brown the first year, and sometimes l)rown mixed, l»ut does n<tt 
uaiu the dark plumaij;e till the followinu: season ; Jience it seems 
to be an inhabibuit of America throufj^hout ; but it is observed there, 
to exceed that of Europe in size. 

Said not to be unfrequent in India, about Bengal. 



29.— LANNER FALCON. 

Talni laiiMriii!., Tiiil. Oni. i, :}.S. T.in. i. 120. J'nuii. Sine. A'o. fi'2. (im. Liu. i. 27'!. 

y,'«i» |>. I.'). nV//. |).4S. 7i)(i. i. ;)().}. /r/. Hvo. i. 1(»5. A7c»/i, 48. liruH. 

Nil. I. '2? ;l/»//</, -Nil. '»/ iJccA.v/. i>/i(/A(7i, li. s. 'i'JO. fiVroi. i. t. 2ti ? Duttd. 

ii. I(H. Shitw's Ztiol. vii. l:Kt. 
I,.- l.iiiii.T. /;»/'. i. '2\-i. 
I.iiumi, <.V«. .Si/n. i. H(5. /,/. S„p. 21. Br. Zoo/, i. t. 23. Id. ed. 1812, |>. 223, pi. 2.3. 

Arct, '/.ool.w. 225. Hill. I'ik'I. i<2. Albin.u, |>1. 7. liiwick, \. p. 32. H'aUot, 

LT^SS than a liuzzaid ; bill and cere blue; irides yelhm ; 
plinnauc abo\c brown, the featluis ediie<l with ]):der browii ; 
down of the head brown and clay ccdonr ; over each eye to the 
hindht'iid a broad white line; beneath it a black mark, jiointinii 
dMwnwai<N; throat white ; brenst tinned with dull yellow. inark<d 
with brown s|)ots, passini;- downwards; thighs and vent the same ; 
(|iiills dusk), with oval ferruuinous spots on the inner webs ; leus 
short, strouir, and bluish. 

This is now and tlwn met with in Enirhind, but said to breed 
in Ireland, not uncommon in the northern parts of Euroi»e; iiduibits 



-■'- »Tr)«^^T 



FALCOV. 



sa 



loeliUHl juid the Ffiroe Tslaiuls, Dcninsirk, ami Sweden, fre(jn»^i\t 
in the Tartarian desarts, and tln^ IJaraba, tlion<>:li not in tlie northern 
or eastern parts of Siberia ;-"' well known ahovit Astraclian, bnildini; 
anionic the shrnbs and low tnes. I'sed bv the Calnnics in falronrv:t 
is for the most part ini;j;ratory, bnt is said to stay in France the 
whole year.J 



A.— Laimriiisaihi.-an-', /iirf. 0»H. i. .'{S. /ir/». i. 3<>7. /</. Svo. 107. Aldrov. \. :jsft. 

t. p. ISl, 18.3.^ Cm. Liu. i.'J7(). Duud. ii. 174. 
While LiiniKT, Cvn. Si/ii. i. p. 87 

Two varieties of this are mentioned bv Aldrovandns, the fnst 
l!).l in. loni^ ; bill black; cere, irides, and lei>s, yellow; uciural 
colour of tln' plumage brownish ; quills and tail nearly black ; under 
tijc tail pale grey. 

The secontl mort than 'Hi. in leniith ; head and back brown, 
niived with t»rey ; riimj> ^\llitish; wini? coverts and breast Jj^rev ; 
under parts urey, marked with loni;itndinal tcrruginous sjiots ; the 
two outer ..til feathers white, spotted \\ ith pale ferruginous ; the 
fourth on each side spotted with blaek, the two middle ones tjrey. 

'J'he Lanner is thouuht bv .some to be a variety, or vounii- bini, 
of the Pereirrine Falcon. 



B. — .\liy»Mniaii \\liitu-bi-ea>tfil Laniur, ,S'(///. Abifis. pi. xlii. 

Size of connnou falcon; beak and feet bluish; i;eneral cuhun 
deep brown, approaching to black; the Mhcde <.f the breast <lear 



\vhit< 



Inhabits Al»yssinia ; called by the natives Ciooilie-goodie. Tliey 



* .Mr. Priiiiiiiit. 

t Dfionv. Russ. iii. tV)i]. 

* IIi>t. <k' L\(iiis, 1. p. 200. 

§ Tlicsf linuifs do not sct-iu accurate. 




m 



FALCON. 



have so much venoration for it, as not to siiAi'i* it to be killed ; ami, 
on .settin!>: out on a joinney, it' one is ntt't with, and sits still, with the 
hreast towanis them, it is <ronsidered as a pernliarly gotxl sign ; bnt it" 
the back be turned, unpropitiouii. It' the bird fly away hastily on 
a]>]>roach, the most sn|)erstitious will return home, and wait for a 
more favourable oj>|)ortunity. 



30 — STAUIIY FALCON. 



i;i .,1 



Falco itellaris, Iiiii. Orn. i. 35. Gm. Lin. i. 274. Bris. i. 330. Id. 8ro. i. 103. Baud. 

ii. 109 A'/rid. /if. p. 5-2. Id. Of. ID. t. 0. /. 5. Tern. Man. d'Orn. p. 34. 

Id. Ed. 2. P.2.J. 
Bluj'-lDotLd Faloon, Will. Orn. p. 8'2. Hhaw'i Zool, vU. l'>4. 
Stariy Fulcon, Gen. Syn. i. p. 79. 



THIS in shape and size is said to be like the Peregrine Falcon, 
but has shorter wings, and a longer tail; plumage in general 
bUukish, marked with spots like stars; breast black and white 
mixed ; quills blackish ; legs blue ; irides gold colour. 

Inhabits the mountainous parts of Europe, laying red coloure<l 
eggs, spotted with a paler colour ; it seems a doubtfol species, sup- 
posed to be a young Lanner. 



FALCON. 



87 



3I._>I0()R m ZZARl). 

Falro aruijiiioitiis, Tnd. Orn. i. p. 2.'>. Lin. i. I:)0. Faun. Surr. Xo. (Mi. Cm. Lin. 

i. 267. liaii Si/n. p. 17. Hill. p. 4'2. t. 7. lirun, p. 5. Muller, Mo. (il*. 7 nun. 

/fr<j/f. p. (59. Sfpit. rofi. t. p. 15. yusrm. AV(/. Toy. t. S. D. A7Wn ^r. p. 51. 

Id. Stem. p. 8. t. 7. C. 1. a. h. Id. Or. p. IS), t. 0. f..*). Kramer, 328. /'Ai/. 7Vanj». 

liv. p. :J4(>. Frisch. t. 77. /t. /'oicir. p. 28. litrkst. Deutsch. ii. s. 241). 7>»ii4(/. 

Orn. ii, p. 1(55. .SA«u-'jr Zoo/, vii. IKi. Tern. Man. d'Oni. p. 25. 
Falco baticus, f.Vrin. Orn. t. -.12, '.r.i. 34. 
Circus pulustris, ifri*. i. 401. /(/. 8vo. 115. 
Kusard, Buf. i. 218. t. 10. pi. ml. AH. Cet. uc Sard. p. 43. 
Faux PtTtlrieiix, liclon. 114. Jlist. dc Lyons, i. 203. 
II Nibhi.., Zinnan. Uoi: p. 8.3. t. 13. f. 74. 
Iluhiieiwt'jlie, A'n/Mr/". viii. s. .55. 23. 
Moor Buzzard, C.Vm. .Vyn. i. p, .53. Id. Sup. p. 15. Br, Zool. i. no. 57. pi. 27. Id. 

/o/. 07. t. A..5. Id.fd. 1812. i p. 257. pi. 28. .-/rt/. Zoo/, ii. p. 22.5. L. fl'iU. 

Engl. p. 75, pi. 7. All'.\. \»1.3. Bewick, i. pi. p. U». Leicin's Birds, i. pi. 8. 

/d. Eggs, (. ii. f. 1. IValcot, i. pi. 8. /'«/<. Dorset, p. 3. Lin. Trans. i\. p. 13. 



THE length of this spe<'i«!s is '21 in.; weight 20 oz. ; bill 
black ; cere and irides yellow ; general colour of the j>liiinage cho- 
colate brown, with a ferruginous tinge ; legs yellow, long, ant! 
slender. The female is larger, weighing 27 or 28 ounces; is 22 in. 
long, and 4il. 4 in. in extent of wing. 

It is .subject to much variety ; some specimens are plain, as 
above described ; but in others the crown of the head, throat, and 
shoulders, are yellow, or ('lay colour ; sometimes the crown of the 
head is yellowish white, in others the whole head of that coh>ur. 
In two young birds, wliich 1 saw in full teather, one had the tirst 
and second outer ([uills of the right wing, and a large triangular 
spot on the chin white, and the bottom of the thighs the .same ; the 
other had the crown yellow, and a large spot of yellow on the 
chin ; othenvise the colour of both these birds was ferruginous 





1 



■ii^ 



S8 



FALCON. 



hfowM. ^^'^' l)rli»'ve, liowe^tr, that the greater part of this species 
lius the top ot' tlie head more or less iiiehiieii to velh)w. 

I'his is lVe<(iient in I<jit;hiiul, espeeially in the moors, iiiarsliy 
phi(M's, anil wet heaths; makes the nest in a tull of urass, fern, or 
rnsjies; (oniposed of twiiisand coarse ^rass ; sometimes in the fork 
of a larue tree ; and lays four, ranlv five, eirys of a plain ^\hile. 
It feeds princi|)al]y on yonnu' rabluts and wihl dncks, and occa- 
sionally on tish ; is seen skinnninij: over the urounil like the Kiny- 
lail, suddenly <lrop])inn- on froys, lizards, ik.c. Colonel Montauu 
once saw nine of these l)irds feedinif tomther on the carcase of a 
dead sheej). Is not inicominon in France, and there found to huild 
on the lops of trees; tre«|nent in the sfMith of Jtussia, hut not met 
uith in Siheria ; continues the whole year in Sweden. 

I ha\e seen a plain coloured specimen, amoni:: .some drawings 
from India, in which the crown of the head alone was yellow ; 
itnoflier, with the chin and whole toj) of tlie head whitt; ; in one ihe 
\>hole crown, nape, chin, throat, and tip of the .shoulder <tf the 
winu, >\ere vell(»w <'la\ c(dour; in another the top of the head and 
chin white; plumage deep ferruginous; met with at (.'awnpore. 

A. — Faico nil)i^iiii).-'ii*, Ind. Orn, i. ji. "27. //. /■"cwcy. 2i). Uaud.W, 1(»7. Shaw's 

Zn„l. li. 170. 
1{ii>t_\ Falcdli, (•III Si/it. Sup. \i. rjfl. 

The ])ill is black; head wholly whitisli yellow ; cheeks rusty; 
jdnmane on the upper part of tlie body brown; beneatli yellowish 
white, w ith an irrei;ular, rusty coloured spot on the breast ; <(nills 
broMu, with the outer edi^es hoary, the inner brown, crossed with 
several white bands; tail brown, marked with four testaceous bands; 
leirs yellow. 

Inhabits Sclavonia, and probably is no other than a variety 
of the Mofti Bn/zard. 



■If nh 



FALLON. 



89 



IV — A furtlit^r viiriety, or what appears to be such, has come 
iiinler my inspection — in tliis the l)ill is bhiekish ; eere and le<;s pale 
\^'lh>w; general colonr of the phnnage ehor-ohite ])ro\vn. Head and 
M»'ek ereani-c«»UMir, the leathers daslied down the shafts with bhiek 
hues, and beh»w this dnsUy in the middle; sides of the head, beh»w 
the eye, pale tawny ; on the bend of the wing a dash of white; the 
under parts of the body, thighs, rnmp, and vent, fen'i ginons ; tail 
iiusky brownish green, rounded at the end, plain ; the wings, when 
closed, reach almost to the end of it ; claws black. 



32— IIARPY FALCON. 



Fako rwfus, /»f/. Oni. i. 25. r;m. /Jii. i. 2(>C. Bm. i. 404. M Rio. i. 115. Baud. 

ii. '2()9, Shaw's Zool. \\i. ll'.L Tern. Man. d'Orn. \>.2(i. Id. Ed. ii. [k 70. 
Fisiigeyer, Briiiulfjcver, Frimli, t. 7K Itirkst, Deult. ii. 61. 
Marpiiye, Buf. \. 217. /*/. cm/. 4(i0. 
Hiirpj Falcon, Gen. St/n. \. p. 51. 



LENGTH 20in. ; bill black ; irides safli'on-colonr ; phnnage in 
yenenil rufous, but the l)ack, scapulars, greater coverts and nnnp 
incline to brown, and in the rufous parts each feather has a stripe of 
brown down the middle; thighs rufous; tail ash-colour; greater 
«|uills black, the lesser ash-colour, the three next the body brown ; 
legs yellow. 

VOL. I. Jf 



»t|-^ '■ J 



90 



FALCON. 



Inhabits l>otli France and Germany, near tlie banks of rivers 
and ponds, feeilin^ on fro«rs and snialt reptiles, and not nnfrequentlv 
on fish, which it is said to take alive ont of the water, in the manner 
of the Osprey. This is probal>ly related to the Moor-Buz/aril , 
and, if not the same, far advanced in ago. 



33— GREY FALCON. 

Faleo Rriseus, Ind.Orn.\, 37. Cm. Lin. i. 275. Daud.'\\. 114. 

Grey Falcon, lien. Syn. i. 82. Br. Zool. i. No. 4!). Id.fol. pi. C.5. Id. ed. 181'2. i. |.. 
'221. Lrwin's Birds i. pi. 15. Orn. Diet. 

SIZK ofaraven. — Bill short, strong, hooked, and bluish ; cere 
and edges of eyelids yellow ; irides ret! ; head small, and flat, deep 
brown before, and white behind ; .sides ot the head and throaJ 
cream-coloured; belly white, with oblong black .spots ; hind part «»J 
the neck and back deep grey ; tail long, wedge-shaped, and .spottetl. 
the two middle feathers plain ; the w ings reach beyond the middle id' 
it ; legs long, naked, yellow. 

A bird, as above dcscri' ed, was shot near Halifax, in Yorkshire, 
in the year \7(i'2, and an account of it .sent to Mr. Pennant by the 
late Mr. Bolton, of Worley Clough. We suspect it to be an im- 
mature individual of one of our English species, fur I do not iind 
that a second has ever been met with. 



FALCOV. 



91 



34— NORTHERN FALCON. 



fr'm. Lin. i. 274. Daud. u. 110. Amer.Orn.w. 



Fnlro liyemalin. /»<•'• Orn. i, p. SS 

pi. 35. f. I. 
1,11 llu»e .I'lIivtT, Vieill.Am.\u:Vt. pi. 7. 
\\ iMt»r FulroM, ,./rr/. Zoo^ ii. N<>. U>7. 5Aatc'jt Z«o/. vii. 153. 
Northtrn FaUoii, 6'cr. .S'yn. i. p. 79, Id.Sup.w. p. 39. 



LENGTH 18 in. to 20 in. breadth 41 in. ; bill dark hom-oolour; 
iiides retldi.sh ; plumage above deep lead-colour, edges of the feathers 
\rrydark: crown most so; on the hindhead a slight mixture of 
white; beneath ferruginous brown, with the appearance of inter- 
rupted bars of white, produced from the feathers being ferruginous, 
with two or three white spots on each side of the shaft, which is 
brown; tail deep lead or ash, crossed /itb four bars of a deeper 
I'olour, the outer one more brown than the rest; tips of all white; 
iM'fween the dark l)ars beneath nearly white, the outer feather plain 
• •n the out«r web; under tjiil coverts white; legs pretty long, and 
yellowish ; the wings reach beyond the middle of the tail, 

rnhabits some parts of North America ; one of these presented 
fo ine, was brought from Hudson's Biiy ; destroys many frogs, and 
frequently seen in moist meadows ; comes in November, ami departs 
late in March. 



A.— Falco hypinalis, Ind, Orn. i. p. 35. 78. var. 

Fhuioii a croupion bliiiu", /)<iu«/. ii. p. 110. 78. Vieill. Am. \. p. 30. pi. 8. 
I/Epervier hrun s\ sourcils hluiirs, Toy. d'Azara,\\\. No. 2.'> ? 
Nortliern Falcon, Gen. Si/ii. i. p. 79. var. 



Tills is 16 in, long; bill brown; cere greenish; irides yellow; 
head ash-colour, each feather brownish in the middle, and ferruirinous 

N 2 



V2 



FALCOV. 



on the sides, inclining inosf tr» the last at the hituDiead ; olieeks jmle 
iiNh-<'oh)ui': orbits siikI rhiii u hitish ; iicek ash-colour, iiichniii;^ to 
Imowii hehiiui, and hel'ore to t'errn<;inons ; bark rinereons brown; 
rnin|> white; l)reast fennninons, more or hss nii\ed with whil*-; 
belly and thi<;hs white, niarke<i with term <;i nous, eat^h t'eatln r 
lia\ inu: two or three heint-shaped spots ; tail brown above, and pale 
beneath, with dusky bars ; |e<»s yellow. 

One of these was killed in C'arohnu, by M. C IJosc. 



3.j.-asii-colot'rt:i) falcon. 



Asli-«<il<)ur( <1 Fall-on, Oni. Diet. iV ,S'm;). Lin. Trnns. ix. 188. Br. Zool. nl, 1812. i. 
p. '24:J. Tim. Man, cd.w. p. 70. 

WEIGHT 9| ounees; leniith I8in. ])readtli 3t1t. ft^in. tad O^in. 
billldaek; eere greenish ; eyelids and irides bright yeUow ; crown, 
rheeks, throat, under part of the neck, and npper part of tlie breast 
flark asli-coh)nr; neck above, back, and scapuhirs cinereous brown; 
les.ser w ing coverts much tlie same, greater dusky bhick ; (juills 
nearly black, the first .shortest, the third longest; second quills 
cinereous brown, with three dusky bars across them, half an inch 
broad, t\vo of which are hid by the cov«rts; bo«ly beneath white, 
with a broad bright bay streak <lown the .shaft of each feather; tail 
somew hat cuneifonii, the two middle feathers dark brown, the others 
<lark ash-colour, palest on the two or three outer feathers, the inner 
webs approaching to white, and all, except the two middle ones, 
with four equidistant bars on the inner webs, in the two outer bay, 
in the rest mt»re or less dusky ; legs orange-colour, long and slender ; 
claws small, black. 



^ 



FALCON. 



03 



Tli»' ;il)ove (lesrriptioii is skctrhcd from tliaf in tlif IJn. Trans. 
Ill wliicli it is s;ii<l to lie a male; it liad the itatlitis lieliiiid tlie ears 
short, but no nitl* as in the Hen Harrier — saiil to he kille*! in 
November. 

Since the above, Col. Montau:ii informed me, that he had met 
uith the female, yoiin^, and ei^if. 'Hie female is not v«My nnlike that 
>ex of the Hen-Harrier, bnt the ferrii;minoiis parts are mneli brii;hter, 
and instead of the under bein^ strejiked with dusky, they are purely 
laiglit fernii^inous — he had also a young male in this plumage, Mhieli 
he bretl up ; the old female wa.s shot at the nest. I'lie Colonel 
suspected this to be rather a distinct bird, than the Iiyemalis, and 
possibly an undescribed species. — He conjectures, likewise, that the 
last described may be the one mentioned in the British Zoology, 
p. t>y5, a.s a variety of his Ringtail,* and not unlikely the Fah'o 
spadiceus, my Chocolate Falcon, may be this female — also, that 
the male, having been confounde<l with the Hen-Harrier, has never 
been described. 

The above are the outlines of the history of the bird in tpiestiou, 
but the reader would do well to peruse what is further advanced 
concerning it, in the Lin. Tram, and Stipplement to the Oniithoio' 
gicat Dictionari/. 



* This is (kscrilK'd in the Edition of 1812, under the title of Ash-colourcd Falcon, with 
line reference to the source^yet the Fulco liyemuliii is made syuonymuuii. 



W' 



94 



FALCON. 



36— IIEN-IIARRIER. 



MALE. 

Fuloo cyaneus, Ind. Orn. i. p. 39. Lin. Si/st. i. p. 126. Gm. Lin. i. p. 2*2(5. Kram. '.i'l'.K 
Mull. 74. //. Poseg. p. 27. JJaudin ii. 174. lirckst. Deuls. ii. 250. Shaw't Zoo/. 
vii. !(». Tern. Man. iVOrn. p. 27. Id. ed. ii. p. 72. 

Fulco torqiiatuB, mas, Bris. i. .145. Id. 8»o. 100. /Jrun. No. 14. 

Pyi;ivrgu», mas, Raii Si/n. Pi 17. A.f>, Will. p. 40. t. 7. 

Fiilco albaiiella, Uer.Orn.i. (il. t.35.> II. Poseg. i).'27 } 

Lanuriiis ciiitri-eus, I'riseh. t. 7!). 80. Hris. i. 3()5. /<i. Sfo. 106. 

Falco pliimbeus cauil^ tessellutu, Klein. Av. 52. 22. 

Utr Blfvfalke, Naturf.^. ».4<)0. 

Oiseau St. Martin, Buf. i. 212. PI. enl. 459. 

Heti-IIarrier, Gen. Syn. i, p. 88. Id. Sup. p. 22. Br. Zool. i. pi. 28. Id./uf. t. A. 6. 
M frf. 1812. i. p.239. pl.29. Edtv.pl.Q2b. Will. Engl. y,. 72. WM. li. pi. 5. 
Haiffis's Br. Birds, p\. I. B^wicA, ii. pi. p. ,33. Letvin's Birds, t.\8. Walcot'i 
Birds, i. pi. 17. Pult. Dors. p. 3. Don. Birdt, iii. pi. 59. Montag. Orn. Diet. 
Lin. trims, iv. p. 12. Id. Vol. ix. p. 182. 

FEMALE. 

Falco Pygargus, Ind.Orn.i. p. 39. Lin.Si/st.i. 126. Gm. Lin.'u 277. Seop.Ann.\. 

p. 14. ifrtiJ .fyn. p. 17. f.in. Will. p. 40. Brun. No. 14. Mull. No. 74. faun. 

rlrag.p.GS. Kram. el, 330. Beckst. Deuti. i\. 352. 7)«»if/. ii. p. 171. 
Fflco torquatus, fem. Crw. i. 345. Id. Sua. 100. Gerin. On., p. 61. t.31. 37. Id. t. 97 .» 
L:i Souhusi-, Bi'f. i. 215. t.9. /'/. enl. 443. 480. 
I^;i Bnse des champs cendree, Voy. d'Azara, iii. No. 32.' 
Ringtail, fiJ^LSvn.i. p. 88. /rf . i'l/p. p. 22. Br. Zoo/, i. 53. Id./ol. t. \.7. Alb. 

iii. pi. 3. Haifet's Br. Birdt, pi. 2. BeiricAf. i. pi. p. 35. Ltwin's Br. Birds, t. 

18. F. /</. AVg-*, pi. 2. f. 4. Will. Engl. p.7± Wale. Birds, ,. ^I.IH. Orn. 

/.;/r/, .5- 5'm;). 

THE male is about 17 in. in length; witlth 3 ft. 3in. ; ami 
weighs 12 or 13 ounces. — Tlie bill flat ; cere, irides, and e<lges ol" the 
eyelids, yellow; general colour of the plumage blue-grey ; bac«k of 
the head white, spotted with pale brown ; brea.st, belly, and thiglis 
white, on the first a few small. du.sky streaks ; tail feathers grey, all 
hut the two middle ones have the inner webs 'vhite, with dusky bars ; 
legs yellow, long, and slender; claws bla<'k. 



'piiwmm 



FALCON. 



96 



The female is 2()ii». in length, and weighs 18 ounces. — Bill, 
irides, and legs as in the male — plumage above, dusky ; beneath, 
palish, marked with oblong rufous, or dusky spots; from the hind- 
l»ea<l on each side, to the chin, passes a circidar wreath made up of 
feathei-s stitfer than the rest, and paler in colour. — The rump is white, 
breast and belly yellowish brown, in some marked with oblong dusky 
s|>ots. 

1 need not detail here the various conjectures of authors con- 
cerning these birds, as they will be found in page 22 of my first 
Supplement. In addition, however, to our opinion of the two 
uiaking but one species, Mr. Beckstein observes, * that they do not 
come to their complete plumage till the fourth year, and alter that, 
they grow more white in proportion a.s they attain a greater age.f 

These birds are not uncommon in England, but seem to shift 
their quarters occasionally, no tloubt in quest of food, which is 
various — ^j'oung mbbits, and small quadrupeds, also li/ards ; are 
said also to suck eggs, and to destroy the nests of the smaller birds for 
that purpose. It makes a large nest of twigs, frequently on the 
ground, or in a thick bushy tree, and lays three or four eggs of a 
dirty white, about the size of those of a pheasaut. 

To comprise the histoiy of the two birds in question in as few 
words as possible, it appears to us, that in the first year both sexes 
are nearly alike, and similar to the female. The male, as it proceeds 
in age, by degrees obtains the blue-grey colour, but the female never 
\> holly so, although in the progress of yeai's it approaches therett» ; 
ill the mean time is capable of breetling, ami in course does so, long 
before the plumage is complete — hence the assertion of authors will 
be reconciled; some siiying that the t>vo sexes differ, the male 
being as before described, the female more or less rufous above, with 
a white rump, &c. Others aver, that both sexes differ but little in 



• Allf;. V. ,1. Vo'r. Zusass. p. 008. 

t Mr: White sliot one sucli at (iibraltar which was perfectly white— Coniult Colonel 
Moiitiigu'8 remurkb on thitj bird in the Lin, Trans, v.ix. p. 162. 



f 




f'jn 


1 






i 


I - : 





{)« 



FALCON. 



pluniajje, excepting: the female !)eiii«i^ less bright in o<)h>ur— and the 
tart appeal's to he so in ohl birds. I think it not amiss to repeat here, 
the <»pini<>n of that accurate Itiissian natmahst, Professor Pallas, 
ronveyet! to nie many years since : — " 1'he Ringtail is extremely com- 
mon in Uussia, as well as Siberia; in more temperate and open 
countries is certainly not to be distinguished from the Hen-IIarrier : 
both are found as far the lake liaikal ; and I have observe<l, more 
tlian once, birds that were changing colours, and getting the white 
feather. The truth is, that the first year all are dark coloured, verv 
difierently \ariegated ; but at the second change of feathei*s, chiefly 
the males grow whitish ; and such are the augural birds of tin; 
Moguls and Calmucs." 



ifiir-l: ! 



i 

■ 1 
i 




i; 


k. r 


V: 




'4 „. 


i' 


- 1 



A. — Among the drawings of Sir J. Anstruther, as well as those 
of Gen. Hardwicke, T find a Hen-Harrier of a very pale colour; head 
and under parts white, the rest pale itsh-colour — said to inhabit 
Bengal, juid there calle«l Pustey — in the .*«ame set of <lrawings is 
one called a variety, probably a female : this is brown above, and 
cream-coloured beneath ; a pale wreath surrounds the head, and a 
<urved streak beneath tha eye ; inner wing coverts pale ; tail crossed 
with six blackish bars, the outer feather paler than the middle ones; 
bill black; legs long and yellow. 

The figure above refened to is 18 in. long — head and upper 
parts chocolate brown, round the lower part of the head a wreath, 
as in the British species; on the wing coverts a large mixture of 
rufous white ; throat, breast, and belly of the last named colour ; 
thighs paler ; tail brown, the two middle feathers twice barred with 
darker, and one of tin same at the base, the others pale, with the 
three J)ars very little differing from the two middle ones ; legs yellow; 
bill and claws black. This seems to differ from the other, chiefly in 
having three bars on the tail instead of six. 



'^'^'^^^fifm 



ipwi 



FALCON. 



97 



B. — Falio allius, White's Journ, to Dot. Buy, t. p. -250. 

Tliis is nearly the shape of the Heii-irarrier, but entirely \\hite 
thrmighont. Bill black ; cere and legs yellow. 



C. — Falco hiuljioiiiiis, Ind. Orn. i. 40. /3. Lin. i. 1'28. (win. Lin. i. '277. Bris. vi. Sup, 

\>.IK /(/. 8io. li!». DaiiiLu. \r-i. f.Vr. Oni. i. t.44. .SViuw'* Zuo/. vii, 105. 
Biisanl roux, Vieill. Amer.x. p.IMi. pi.!). 
White-nmipcd Bay Falcon, (.'en. Si/n. \. ]>.'yi.'M. B. 
Iliulson's Bay lliiij^tail, Cen.Si/n.i, p. 1)1. /w/if. t. 107. Arcl. Zool.w. No. IOC. 



l$ill, cere, aiul legs as in the last described; phnnage in general 
t'erruginous, with a tinge of brown ; cheeks, and round the eyes 
darker; rump white; the two nii<Ulle tail feathers ash-iolour, the 
others ferruginous ; all of them cro.s.sed uith lour bars of very dark 
lnown ; tips du.sky. 

]Vir. Pennant describes this bird as ha^inii• a du.'ikv bill, and 
yellow cere; a white hue over each eye; plumage above dusky 
brown — beneath whitish, with f(;rruginous spots; vent and rum|> 
white; middle tail featliers »hisky, the next bluish ash-colour, the 
outermost white, all marked with orange bars. 

In .size it rather exceeds our Ihitish species, and has the same 
manners in every respect; weighs 17^ ounces; length 21 in.; breadth 
three feet seven inches. 

Inhabits Hudson's Bay ; is fref|uently seen in the open and 
temperate parts of Russia; extends as far as Lake Baikal, but not 
common in the north of Europe. 



VOL. I. 



o 



,0- 



m 



FALCON, 



1 
i: 



I). — FaliK IJun'oui. liul.Orn.x. p.-tO. y. (iiu. IAn.\. "277. Daud.w 172. 
Ciivciiiir Uiiigtiiil, (u'lt.Si/u.i. i>.9I. A, Shaw's Zuol. wi. l(j(i. 

L«na:tJi two feet', brcadtli lour; l)ill lilack: core blue; parts 
al>o\<' rhorolatc l>ro\\u ; forepart of the ueck the sanu', but aler; 
on the Iiindhead a htlU' mixture <»f white ; round the ears, on each 
side, a kin<l of wreath, eonspieuous in all the tornier described; o\»'r 
the <'ves a pale yellow line, troin the J>ill, inertini;* the m reath behind ; 
f^hin whitish ; from this to the breast buti-colour; beneath the boch 
reddish butf, streaked A\ith brown; rump ^>hite; all the tail feathers 
barred pale and dark brown ; most of the inner wel)s whitisli, and 
the tip very pale ; lens yellou , elaws black ; the wings, when closed, 
reach to the middle of the tail. 

Inhabits Cayenne — a specimen, in the collection of Miss 
IJlometield, was entitled Dhc de liuff'on. 

A bird, similar to this, if not the same, is known in (ieornia, 
bv the name of Tawnv Hawk; it answers very nearly to the last 
♦lescription, but all the under parts are pale nitons, marked on the 
throat and breast with brown streaks, the belly and thighs with deeper 
rufous ones; two mitldle tail feathers brown ash, with four brown 
bars, the one nearest the end twice as broad as the others; end 
whitisli. 1'his is IS in. in length; 3 ft. 4 in. broad, and said to l)e 
rarely met with. 

M. d'Azara mentions a bird, common about Paraguay, which 
answers, in many respects, to the Ringtail, and SH[)pose,s it to be the 
same, but his annotator does not allow of it. • ■ 






FALCOX. 



09 



;J7— KITE. 

Faico Milviis, /ii(/. Orn. i. p '20; Lin. Si/3t.\. I'lO; /"(/Hrt. .S'ucr. No. 57. Cm. Liu. \. 

2{)l. if«ij.S'(/H. !>. 17. A.O. »'i7/. 41. t.(). firi/M. No.3. ^fM//. No.61. fiVorifj. 

Ki-l. Aram. t7. U*2(). (Jer.Oni.l. t..'W. lioroicsk. i\(U. \\, p. 72. Daud.Oni.n. 

147. yiccAW. /><i</i. ii. !..24:j. 7iWs. i. 414. t. 3.). /</. 8io. 118. .V/.ui«"»- /Joo/. 

vii. p. 10;J. 7t'«i.3/(J(i. </'()/•«. p. 18. /(/. e(/. ii. p. 59. 
Falco cuudii rordpiitii, Klein. At. 51. Hi. Id. Or. 19. t. 6. f. 1. 
Milan royal, liiif. i. 107. t. 7. PI. nil. 4-2± Vuy. en Barb. i. IW. 
11 Nil.ljio, Vet. uc. Saul. bl. Zinnuti, Ov. h-^, 1. 13. f. 73. 
Dcr Wfyhu, Nalurf.S. s. 47. 
Iluin'rufycr, Lichl. Mag. iv. 2. G. 

WeissiT iMilaii, G'miU/i. Aest. u. F.y. t.ftj ? Win. Vog. t.48. 

Kite, 6Vh. ,S'//n. i. p. 01. /</. .S'm/j. p. 17. Id. Sup.'n. p. 30. Br. Zool.'i. No. 53. /(/. 
yb/. t. A. '2. /(/. cr/. 1812. i. p.2-2'J. Arrt. Zuol. ii. 22:j. II. Will. Engl. p. 74. pi. 

(i. Allt.\. pi. 4. Ilai/ei'ii Br. Bird.i, pi. 5. £(/u'ic/r, i. pi. p. 21. Lewin's Birds, 

I. pi. 10. /(/. /;irK»'. pi. 2. r. 3. Wul>: Birds, i. j.l. 10. /'M/^ ZJor*. p. 3. Donuc. 

Br, Birds, ii. pi. 47. tlraies's Br. Birds. Orn. Did. if Sup. 



THIS species weighs 2 lbs. Oo/. ; length two feet; the female 
is larger, and weighs four ounces more; in length 2ft. 4 in. ; breadth 
'>7 feet. The bill is brownish; cere yellow; irides straw-colour; 
feathers of the head and neck hoaiy white, long and narrow, with a 
dash of brown down the shaft of each ; body ferruginous, marked 
d<»wn the shafts with a darker cohuu*; «(uills blackish; tail twelve 
inches long, and much forked; legs yellow; claws black. In the 
the female the coloiu's are less ferruginous, and incline more to brown. 

It is very common in England, and in the warmer parts of the 
kingdom may be seen at all times ; makes the nest generally lietweeii 
the forks of a tree, of sticks, lined with w«x>l, hair, feathers, and 
not unfre<juently bits of rags, or any soft material it meets with_ 
'J'he eggs are three, or at most four in number, of a bluish white, 
cinereou.s red at one end, blending itself with the white by small 

2 





mni^'*T 



100 



FALCOV. 



iiiiukiiii>s: soiiK'tinuN j)laiii, \\ itlnmt luaikiiijus. C'(j|t)iu'l Moiitayn 
ohst'i'ves, tliatt'jich wriylis ncarlv fuo oiiik.'cs. 

On tlir <oMtiii«iit, it iiiliabits tlu- nortlh rii part of Kiirope, as 
liiiili as Jailshei'ii", in tin.' vorv soiilli ol Norway, hut «l(»t's not e\trn<l 
tinilicr. It can scaler! V l)(i said to niiurate, vt*t certainly does shift 
its nnaiters occasionally : it is no w here more 4'onnnon than in Eiiynf, 
as \yell as other parts ot" .\l'ri<a— and I harn troni Mv. >Vhite, thai 
it is not nncomnion at (iihialfar, rcstini' there in its |)assa,yc to 
and from Spain and Harhary — hence has there obtained tlie nann^ of 
the JJarhary Kite. 'I'he times ^^l' ap])earance are in AFarch and AjM'il, 
and aii'ain in Antnnni. thonuh in fewer ninid)ers ; these are accom- 
panied In hawks of some olher kinds. .Said to be most lre«|nent in 
tile temperate and well inhabited parts of Hussia ; scarcer in Siberia. 
but not liir to the north : not nnconnnon about the Lake IJaikal, but 
none beyond the Lena. Frecpunts sheep <lowns in the breedinii- 
.season, \vhen skirte«l uith wood, but in w inter near towns, watered 
by riyers, ^here it has been (tbseryed to sweep otf, dexterously, oHid 
tloatinii on the surface: will lay as far as four etins, some of a pine 
white, others mu<'h si)eckled; driyes away the \onnii;, as soon as they 
are able to shilt tor themselves. 

It Jias be<n observed, that a female Kite will weiiih 2 lbs. lOo/. 
the eiiii' 24 ounces, .so tliat 17 e.u,us woid<l but just exceed the ueiuht 
of the bird; but the rayeii is so disproportionate, as to require 48 ir» 
answer the same purpose. 

Tin* Kite is also lound in ureat numbers in India, livint; there 
all the year, and with the Jlooded Cn>w, feedini*- in the yery streets; 
but hi lJen.i;al the Kites retire to the mountains, and return in the 
dry season.* 

Kites haye been obseryed to destroy preat niunbers of moles, 
which frequently come to the surface of pasture lands, in .search after 
caterpillars, and insects of all kinds, and an instance is on record, 

* View of Ilindoottan, 2. p. 90. 



y. 




i i 

IB ' 


r 



FALCOV. 



101 



of *2"2 moles liaviiiff Ix'on fimnd in one Kilt's nest, as \\v\\ as many 
frogs, and ur.ik'«lnnl I)inls.^' 



A.— Milvii-i vcrliii' & uiila lii-itMiici--, V. (i. (iincl. It. 



1. 1- 



147. 



Milvus cii^taiu'U-., Jiiil. Orn. I, j). '21. Daud. Orn.'u. 14s. A. 

Tliis ^arietv of tlie ronim<in Kit«' oliieflv diHiis. in lia\in<' the 
<'i()>Mi of the head and the throat ehestnnt-cuhducd. 



B. — Ari'ipitrr Kmsclmn, .\. ('. I'llr, \\. 414. t. il, ii. S. (i. (iiiu'liii. fntl. Oiii. i. 



ll.'ily. Shmv's '/.not. 



vun russiiu^, 



I0.>. 



Daud. Oiii. li. 11(>. IS. 



Mil 

Russian Kite, (icii. Si/ii. i. \>. (>:>, 4(>. 



This has the hil! h-ad cohMn* ; cere ureen ; nostrils e»»vere<l u ith 
hristles: head, n|)|»er ))art of the neek, and throat, chestnut: 
iviiion of Iheeyes white ; sides of the head, and the ivst of the hody 
pale orown ; (^nills and tail ^ inaeeous at the tips ; leas wiinkhd ; 
4]a\vs black. 

This variety inhabits l{ussia, where it is solitary, and feeds on 
small birds and mice , chieHy abont Tanain, neai* the city ui' 



Ts<l 



len^asl 



C— Alii 



IIVUS lillCfl 



i.sis, Lrjiirli. II. il. |). ISl), t.'l. hid. ();•;(. i. )). '21, 'M. i. Dtiinl. O; 



14S. 



This chierty ditlers from the connnon Kite, in haviuii' the feat I 



\\ 



hicji cover the back of a >iolet crdour, each having- 



a mai 



lers 
k of 



white at iha fit* 



Trans. Sue, .Irln mid Manuf. l!). |). 17!>. 




li't^'^'i 



lO-i 



FALCON. 



38 -BLACK KITE. 



Fnlco atcr, Iml. Orn. i. p. '21. Urn. Lin. i. p. '2V>i, Bris. Orn. i. p. 41:}. Id. 8vo. 1 17. 
//. Pottif. p. '28. />«(/</. Orn. ii. 149. D. Becksl. Deuts. ii. 259. AViau!'* 
Zoo/, vii. p. in.'i. 7Vm. .V(ih. »/'(>ni. p. 11). /</. /iJ. '2. p. (51. 

HriuiiiiT wald-gcytr, Kram.el. 3"2(). 5. Gunlh. Nett. ii. 7iy, t. 55. 

Kotniirs-wfylii', .\alHrJ'. viii. s. 47. 

Miliiii noil, Biif. Ois. i. 20.-}. ;>/. enl.4T2. 

151in k Kite, (.'(■». .S'yn. i. p. 02. Sihb. Scot. ill. ii. 1. 3. p. 15, 





i! 

■ i , 'l 


; 


a. !• ^ ■ 



l^i 



h .,] I; 



THIS is smaller than the roniinon Kite, and differs from 
that l)ird, in havina,- the upper part of the bo<.ly of a very dark 
brown ; head, breast, and under parts whitish ; the bill, eere, and 
le^s the colour of those iu the oonnuon Kite, but the last are more 
slender; ami, aeeordiny,- to Kramer, the tail is very little Ibrked at 
liie end ; \tt, in attending to this Author's full description, it seems 
to possess so many markintfs in common with the Kite, as to 
• anse some hesitation, whether or not it may belong to that species. 

I find, however, in the MSS. notes of the late Rev. J. White, 
\\lio resided several years at Gibniltar, that it is regarded by him, 
and others, as differing from the common species. His speciticati<tn 
of it is " F. cera tlava, cauda forcipata, corpore fusco-castaneo, 
oapite albidiore." He adds, that both this and the common Kite 
are frequent at Gibraltar, resting there in their migration from 
Africa into Spain, in greatest nundjers in March and April, mostly 
during a brisk westerly wind, directing their flight against it ; they 
return again in autumn, but in smaller parties. Mr. White seems 
positive of its being a different species from the common kite, al- 
thotigh in many birds the tail is ecpially forked ; but the irides are 



FALCON. 



103 



dark luizt'l, antl not yellow ; nnd thinks itniore probal^le, that this 
and Aiistriaji Kite, or t'oUowinif, art- varieties of eaolj other. 



A— Fiilco austrinciis, Jnd. Orn. \. 21. Cm. Lin, i. 20'2. J^aud. n. 149. K. Beckst. 

Detita. ii. W\. Share's Zool. vil. KMl. 
JJnmner CieyiT, l$riiiuu'r Milmi, A'r((m.;i27, 0. 
Austrian Kite, Gen. .S'yn. i. (32. 



'"'f"i""7fl?f^! 



Size of our kite; bill yellow, tip black; c;ere and angles mI" 
the mouth yellow; irith^s black ; [)alate blue; forehead and throat 
whiti.sh, spotted with brown ; head, neck, back, breast, and m inus, 
chestnut; .shafts of the feathers black; belly and rump tesla«'eous 
brown, obscurely .spotted with brown ; prime <piills blat'kish ; se- 
condaries tipj)ed with white ; tail very little tVuked, cros.sed \\ ith 
.several blackish bands ; tips of the feathers m hite ; legs yellow, fea- 
thered to the middle ; claws black. 

Inhabits Austria; lives chietly in woods, and feeds on birds, 
mice, and other small <|ua(liupeds. Is probably a variety of the 
black species, if not of the common kite; said to lay three or ton r 
yellowish-white egg.s, thickly spotted with brown. 



104 



FALCON. 



30— PARASITE FALCON. 



F;il(o parasiticus, Inil. Orn. Sup. p. v. Duud. ii. 150. Tern. Man, d'Orn. 21. 
I.c Purusilo, L,vaiH. Ois. i. p. >S8, pi. 2-2. 
Parasite Falcon, Cen. Syii. Siipp. 'ill. p. 30. 



IN this the bill is yeWow, instead of black, as in the coninioii 
kite; eere bbiish ; irides brownish lia/el ; general colour ot' the 
plumage like that of tanned leather ; the middle of each feather 
darker; under ))arts inclined to cinnamon colour; cheeks and throat 
whitish ; most of the feathers with a blackish line down the shaft : 
tail less forked than in the common kite; colour brown, banded 
with tieeper brouii ; legs yellow. 

This is ciunmon throughout Afri(;a, especially in Caffraria, 
and the (»rand Namaquas; called at the Cape, Knyken-dief. 
which is also the name given by the Dutch to the common kite : 
makes the nest both in trees and ro(>ks ; lays four eggs, spotted 
Avith rufous. The young have the end of the tail nearly even, 
which is also the case with the European species ; and M. Levail- 
lant supposes it to be the same with that bird. 



i<i' 



w^ 



FALCON. 



105 



40 —ARABIAN KITE 



Fmlco Fonkalii, Ind. Om.\. j». 20. Faun. Arab. p. vi. i. Cm. Lin. i. 203. Daud.u. 

150. Shaw's Zool. vii. 178. Temm. Man. d'Orn. p. 19. 
Falco Egyptius, dm. Lin, i. 2(51. 
Arabian Kite, Ven. Syn. Sup, p. 34. 



SMALLER than tlif common Kiu-: leimtli Irtiii.; bill and cerf 
yellow; feathers of tlie head narrow, nitous-hrown, dashed with 
Mack down tlie shafts; back and win^ coxert"; cinereous, with bro\\n 
shafts ; quills brown, within grey, banded w ith brown, the ends black ; 
tail the length of the Iwdy, and forked ; the wings, when closed, imt 
reaching to the end of it. Tlie feathei-s cinereous, banded with 
brown; legs yellow; shins half coveretl with feathers. 

Said to be common in Egypt, and other paits of Africa, w here it 
sometimes migrates into Germany, but nircly breeds there ; has alsi. 
I>een met with in France nnd Switzerlaiui. and may be considered as 
no other than a variety of the Black Kite. M. Temininck places it 
U.S a young bird of that species. 



TO I.. T. 



106 



FALCON. 





1 


..■ ■■ 

L 


■ i 



41 —GOSHAWK. 

Falco pulunihanuii, lud. Orn. i. [». 20. I.iti. 1. \'i(). (int. Lin. i. 2(59. Fn. Suec, No. 07. 

Rait Si/ii. p. 18. i. lym. p. 51. t. ;i. & ;j. A'/fju. //w. p. 50. ii. /•>»*<•*. t. 81. 82. 

Ceorpi. KM. CWin. Orn. i. t. 21. 22. Daud. |».71. /</. vol. i. p. !K). |)l. 2. Sceliton. 

Iteiksl. Jh-iits. li. 2(iH. Shaw's Zool. vii. p. 118. pi. 20. Tim. Mm. d'Om. p. 30. 

Id. id. -2. J.. 5:>. 
Astur, /ir/.«. i. •M?. /</. 8vo. ftl. Ct. uc. .Sard. 48. Zjm«. (/or. t. 14. f. 77. lit,/, i. 230. 

pi. 12 P/. ml. 118. 101. r..y. en. Barb. i. 2(i<i. 
EperviiT rnye, Foif. d' A:nrau\. No. 29. var. .• 
(irossiT m'pliiluT I'airk, J'risch. \. H2. I'ulrk. //. iii. t. 21. 
Taulit'iilialiii'lit, NuliirJ'. vjii. s. .")4. 
(Josliiiwk, Ci'ii. Si/n.i. p. 58. Id. Sup. ]>. I(i. lir. Zool. No. h2. p\. 24. /rf. erf. 1812. 

i. p. 225. pi. 24 .4rci. Zool. ii. No. «». Bcicirk. pi. p. 2:J. Lewin'.s Birds i. pi. 

9. /</. /;jfn.i. ,,1. ii. i: ± Alh. ii. pi. H. Wakol Si/n i. pi. 9. IFuod's Zmf^. i. p. 
395. pi. 17. Oin. IJict.fy Sup. Anur.Orn. vi. \>\.'Yl.Jii!^. 3. .Asli-colourt'il, ur bluck- 

ciippt'd liii» k. 



L.\U(iIIli tlian the ouiniiion Imxzard, but of a more slender 
make; leuiilli •J'iiii.; weight .'jj pounds ; hill hhie, tip black ; cere 
•rieeiush ; irides yellow; over the eye a white line; on the .siile of the 
neck a l)e»l «»f broken white ; head and n|»per part of the body deep 
brown; br<'ast and under parts ercjsst'd with innnerous black and 
^^lli^e bars; tail cinereous, long, with four <»r five dusky bars; the 
wings rca( li three |>arts of the way <»n the tail ; legs yelhm' ; claws 
black. 

In some specimens, the thighs htive reddish feathers, marked 
with a black line down the shafts, and in those of the breast a black 
circidar line near the tip, parallel to the k^ih^^,*^, and in others the shafts 
and middle of the feathers are black. 

The female is larger than the male, and paler in colour, inarke<l 
beneath w ith oval, dusky black spots. 



I II 'fnyi' 



FALLON. 



107 



Yoim^' birds iiidiiu to ^rty. ami liiiv<' ilw markings less clearly 
flcfined tliaii in lli<- adnlt. 

This specii.'s is not vrrv ionnnon in ]<ln^lan(l, nor docs it hrcrd 
lu're, l»nt is more plentiful in Srotlimd, wlwre it builds in trt'es, 
maUin;>' the nest of sti<'lvs, lined with hay and leathers, and lays four 
white effiis in June; is a destructive species, beint; a ^^reat enemy to 
partridges and other birds. Is (ommon in Denmark, throughout 
Russia and Siberia, about the lake liaikal, and i.s n.sed by the I'al- 
mucs in talconry, as it was once here in lai^^land. 

It is by no means nnctunmon in America, but is laru^er than the 
European species, and the black markin^'^s «>n tin; inider parts more 
ninnerous and elegant; known at Hudson's Hay by the name ot* 
Komishark Papanasew, not nnt'recpient also in China and India, 
where the male is called Haune or Jlai/ ; ■' the yoimn male Mndtje 
.lurra. The female named J una. It is used in India among others 
lor I'alcoiny. 

A large white variety, mottled with brown and yellow, is some- 
times Ibuud about the (Iralian mountains; most frequent in the east 
part of Siberia; and in Kamtschatka every individual is wliit«^ with 
scarcely any spots, and such birds are reputedly the linest hunters :t 
indeed, a variety is sometimes found perfectly white, but this is very 



rare.J 



In General Ilardwicke's drawings is a bird, which appears a 
large variety of the (io.shawk ; length 2'iin. and stout in make ; bill 
lead-colour; upj)er j)arts brown; head and neck behind darkish; u^er 
the eye a pale broad streak; through the eye a broad brown one; 
all beneath dusky white, cro.ssed with numerous dusky lines; (jiiilU 
barreU with dusky; tail UNh-colour with four dusky bands; tip fringed 
with white; vent plain white ; legs stont, yellow; claws black. 

Inhabits India; taken Jan uar> , ITDJJ. 



,..::;^-?' 



• One, ))y the imine of Ban/, used for the i>urpo8e of hovcriiifr uver liiicks, in:, which will 
nut rise on such occasions. — Oriental Fit'ld Sports. V. ii. |>. (>7. 
t Arvt. /,'iul. ^ Dc'ciiiif. rusn, iii. ;30j. 

P 1 



m 



108 



FALCON, 



'1 


j ■ 


i 

^■1 







i :li 



I ft 



The c;reat love our ancestors* liad for falconry is testified by 
very inanv writers of former days, although now nearly left oH', or 
at least followed only uy a very few, more as a matter of cnriosity 
than otherwise. Not so in I47'i, when aCioshawk was thouuht a 
sufhcient rennmeration for most essential services, as may be seen in 
the Pastoii J^ctlcrs.-^ where we find, that this bird was not always 
t<t be procured in thiscounhy, but more liki-ly to be had at Calais, 
in France — vet it probably breeds in England, as it is known to 
»|u now in Scothnul. 

The history, laws, rules, and observations on falconry an<l 
falconers, may be learned 'Vom 'J'nrbeville, Carcanus, Latham, and 
• tlhecs, who have written on this subject, as also nuiy be seen in 
\\ illn"hby's ()rnith()h»,uy, and other Enuiish authors. 

To ascertain the owner of a hawk, a ring was put over the 
(iosed claws, while young, with an inscription, and one of these is 
represented in the Areha ologia. J It is there observed, that although 
hawking,- is no longer considered as one of our field sports, yet, in 
most of the modern leases, a clause is generally still found, reserving 
to the landlord the free liberty of bun ing, hawking, fowling, &c 

l)u>inii' the time when falconry was the recreation of those who 
could bear the expense of the sport, the birds used on the occasion 
were much valued ;§ and I hav ' now heihre jm a. London Gazette, 
'J'huralav, Apiil '21 to 2o, l').Sl, h. which is the following adver- 
tisement : " Eost on the 5th instant of his Majesties, a Tarsell 
(lentle. with the King's Varve's on, the hind pounce of the field 
foot lost. Lost between Hounslow Heath and Eaidenhead- -who- 

• Hawkinsr, used by the lii'^lo-Suxon-.— Seenn old print to this purport in Strutt's Vifvo 
of the Customs md Manners of the Inhabitants of England, vol. i. p. 12— from Tib. E. v. a 

Saxon Calendar. 

t Vol.W. p.irrf). t Vol.xW. p. 414. pi. 51. f.7. 

(^ In the Mem. d' Agriculture, ^c. it is mentioned, that a Falcon of the Kinj; of Frmce was 
let loose at a woodcock, in Paris. They flew to Malta, and were both found dead there within 
tw.i-.tv-four ' ' 'rs. 



FALCON. 



lOf) 



fxer ran p;ive notice of this Hawk to Mr. Chininch attlie Privy stairv, 
>Vln<«'liall, shall have a uood reward." 

Hawks so calhd, aiul (iirliih-on orCiirlal, were formerly i.' p'eat 
request; of these t!u' white <Mies were in in<»st estee:n, ami part of the 
revenue in the time of Iviiii; Henry I. and afterwards, was paid 
by way of tine; for insla\iee, Outi, of Lincoln, tined in one hundred 
Norway Hawks and l(K) (iirlals; four of the Hawks and six of the 
(iirfals to be white oue<. If he could not get four white hawks, he 
was to give four white (iiifals instead of them ; agaiii, Half, son of 
Drogo, in five Hawks aiul tive dirtitlcons for himself, and in two 
Hawks for Nicolax; de Sigillo, ilcc. .S^c.* The privilege iiowever, of 
Flawkiiig .seems to be coullned to the higher ranks,t and each hatl 
his apppropriate species allowed to him. 

It may not be amiss here to mention the gradations of rank to 
which particular hawks were a[)pr<»priated, about the 14th cei\tury, 
vi/.- — 

" l'hr.?e Ilawkys longyn to an Fmperour, tluit is to say, an 
Mgkyl, a Watour, a Milhui, neither lured nor redaymyd for hem. 

" Ther ben hawkes of Tower, that is to say, a (ierefaucone, 
and a "^rarseidet of the same for a Kyuge. 

'• A Faucon revt>ll.i a Tarselelt thereof for a Prince. 

" A Faucone of the Rock, a Tarselelt thereof for a Duke. 

" A Faucon Pereu;ryne, a Tarselett thereof for a Lorde.§ 

" There is a IJastarde, and that Ilawke is for a Baron. 

" A Sakyr, and a Sakyret, for a Knygth. 



'1 I 



* Madox's History of the Exchequer, Vol. i. p. 27.3. 

t Aiiioiij; the lifjuies of tin very aiitiont font, in Wincliestor Cathedral, is a pcrsoiiafji', 
witli a Iiaw k on his fist, w» II figured in Vetunt, Montim. V. ii. pi. 35). 40. of whom it is merely 
Slid, that one of the attendants, with a hawk on his fist, is expressive of his ofliee, and may 
he one of the officers of tiie coiut. But Milner rather thinks, that the hawk, held in this 
manner, proves the personage to he of noble birth.— See Survey of Winchester, vol.ii. p. 79. 

X 111 «i> old printed Edition of the Work it is Gentyll. 

§ For an Eurl the same. 



110 



FALCON. 



■i t 



1 


If! 


■ i 


1 


fe 


1 . ' 



" A Layner, aiul a Laynereft, for a Sr^wyer. 
" A Ltse of Marlyaiis, for a I/acJy. 

" A lIo1)y, or a C'aselett of the same, for Cjlentilmau of the first 
llede. 

" A fiose TIawke. for a^ omaii. 
" A Terfell, tor a Pore Man. 
" A Sparow Hawke, for a Prest 
" A ]\/!iskett, for a holv water Clarke. 
" A Kesteroll, for a Kiun e. 

" An Alijj Hawke is canvas niayle; a lorynn^ Hawke, an liarde, 
tliat may iudure niyclie Sorovve, & oonnnynly they be the liardyest." 
In the Forest Laws made l)y Henry I IT. it was enaeted, " T -1 
every Freman should have within hisown Woddes Ayres of U ,1. . ; 
Sparrow -liawkes, Fawrons, Eglys, and H<rons" — and in the ii4th 
vear of Edward III. " Every Person whieh fvndeth Faueon, Terceier 
Linier or otlier Fawoon that is loste of their Lord, briny- him 
mavntenant to the Sherif of the Comity, who nmst proclaim Jiim in 
all goild Townes in the Con' ry, and it claims to be retmiied on 
navinic Costs — if not claimed within tbnr Months comes to the Sherif: 
bnt if <(>ncealed shall be im[)risoned for two years, besides the Valne 
of the Hawk; \\h'irh last, if He hath not, shall still longer be 
imprisoned." In the 37th of the same reign it is a(' led, " That if 
any stele any Hawke, and the same cary away, not doing the 
Ordenance aforesavd, it shall be <lone of Hvni as of a Thefe that 
.steleth a Horse, or any other Thynge." 

In the 9th of Henry VII. "Taking the Egges of any Fawcons, 
fioshawkes, Laners or Swannes out of the neste — to be im[)risoued 
for a year and a day, and a fine at the King's will ;' d again. 
" That no Man from the Feast of Paschc next ensuinge, shonlde 
beare any Hawke of the breede of lilngland, calle<l a Nyesse. 
<»oshake, Tasselle, Laner, Laneret, or Fawcon n])on peyne of for- 
fevture of such his Hawke to the Kynge, bnt to bu\e Hawke from 



I ■'fv.* 



FALCOX. 



Ill 



abroad." Miicli more iniglit be collected on tliis head, but as every 
law of tlie kind is now useless and obsolete, we trust the above will 
be thought sufficient. 

42.— GREATER BUZZARD. 

FhIco Buteo, Fnd.Orn.'x. p.24. 47. y. 

Circus niajor, Bris. i; \>. 399. Id. 8vo. p. 114. 

Buteo gallinaiius, Da«(/. ii. j). 155. var. A. Bechst. Deuts.W. i>.20'2, Temm. Man: 

Ed. v. p.5<>. 
Milvus, sive Astiir, Frisch. t.72. 
Iluhiii'r-habicht, Bechst. Must. p. 70. 17. 
Giciitev Buzzard, (ien. Spi. i. p. 49. 

THIS is 1 ft. 11 in. in length. Bill black; cere yellow; irides 
."saftVon-colour ; the plumage above brown, with rufous edges; be- 
neath rufons, with oval brown spots, in some unspotted; under tail 
coverts rufous; tail brown, crossed with broad bars of deepti brown ; 
legs yellow, claws black. 

ft is found in various parts of Europe, and according to IVF. 
Bechstein, is no other than a t^vo year's old bird of the Goshawk. 



j> —GENTIL I AT.>^'ON. 

Talco n'eutilis, /«(/. O/H. i. '29. /./». i. 1'2(>. /'((hh. .Sufc. ND. 58. (•m. Lin. \. 0.70. Ruii 
p. 13. Bris.). S:i'.). /(/.Svo.i. 08. ft ill. y,. Ml A7»/;i.p.4R. Stop.], i):]. Knim. 
3'28. Mm//. No.O. /{/km. Ni).(>. (.erin. \. t.2S}. Buiowsk.W. 7:]. Btc/ist. Jhiil.^: 
ii. 273. Ddiid.W. 102. SltuH-\s Zoo/.y'u. ikVI-2. 7V;h. .l/ii/i. (/'Oni. p. oO. /(/. 
Ed. ii. p. 5(». 

E.llor Fulkf, Xalurf.S. s.50. 

Falco inoutunus, liaii, \y.l'i, JVill. A'l. t.5. 

(Jfiitil F'akoii, ant.Sijii.]. i)\. Ll.Sup.\<.\7. Br. /..< /.i. t.21. 22. /(/./:./. IS 12. 
22-». pl.21. 22. Jrc^ /(.o/.ii. No.9,S ^//mI. pi. (I. JVill. E»iil.-(i. ISnrirk, 
i. ().c(>. Liiriii.\. pi. 11. H'uhut,]. t.l}. I'ult. Dors. [1.2. Oni. l)i<t. \ Su]). 

THIS J- somewhat larger than the Go.shawk. Bill lead-rol«»ur; 
cere aiul ;r'. 1-. \( ilusv , !)• ad rust-colour, marked ^^i(ll oblong black 



T^ 



11' 4^ 



n-2 



FALCON. 



spots ; upper parts of the body and wina^s ))ro'vii, each feather 
of the hitter tipped wish rust; under side white, the point of each 
feather marked with heart-sliaped thisky spots; rpiills dusky, barred 
on the outer webs with })huk, and tlir louer part of the inner Mith 
white; tlie ^^ings reach to the middle of the tail, which has four 
alternate bands of black and cinereous; tip white; lei>s yellow 
claws black. 

In some birds, suppt>sed to be yonnc:, the marks on tlie breast 
are transvei , instead of cordated spots as may be observed in tlie 
two plates rcil to in the British Zoolouy. 

This is said i> inliabit the north of Scotland, and to Iniild in 
rocks near Invercanld and Cilemnore ; is met with in the north of 
Europe, as far as Fimnark,* but we do not hear of it farther south 
than Astrachan;t >vas formerly used in England for falconry, as it is 
on the continent at tliis day. 

Inhabits also America, but said to be of a larger size ; one, shot 
in the proxince of New York, measured two teet seven inches. 

Burton:!: sn|)poses this bird to be the same with the common 
Falcon, and called Gentil, when in i'nW feather, whilst others 
mention it as a diftVrent species. 

Dr. Pallas is of opinion, that the Falcon (ientle is the d'oshawk 
in its tirst feathers, in which state it is very iliHerent from the adult 
bird.§ 



* Artt. Zool. 



f Deeuuv. liiiss.u. l\'2. 
^ Kiiss. List. AIS. 



Hist, Ois.\. -i-V). 



It F ■■■ 



FALCON. 



113 



41._C0MM0N FALCON, 

Fiilco <oinii)mns, /«rf. Orn. i. p. 30. Cm. Lin. \. 070. BW«. i. 821, /</. 8vo. !)-2. 

Shiiw's Zool. vii. p. 1-24. Fn. Artfj;. \t. 08. Daud. ii. p. 92. FriscI,, t. 74. \ul. 

Misc. pi, 741. 
Der-gemeioe Fulke, Nuturf. 8. s. 49. 
Faucon, Buf. i. 249. foy. en Barb. i. 200. Cet. uc. Sard. p. 30. Voi/. d'Azara, 

iii. No. 35. 
Common Fulcoii, Gen. Si/n. \. p. 05. 



LENGTH about 18in. general colour of the plumage ])rown ; 
the edges of the feathers rntbus; tail broNvii, bordered with deej)er 
brown ; on each jaw a large bnjwn mark ; forepart of the neck and 
uiiderpart of the body white, irregularly marked with brown legs 
green or yellow, claws black. 

The above are the general markings of the male, or Tiercelet of 
three years old. 

A.— Falco lioriK)fiiius, fir/jr, i. y24. A. /(/. 8vo. p. 93. Cm. Lin. u 270. linj'. \, t,\b, 

pi. en I, 470, 
\ iiirliiilj Fulcoii, Cen. Si/n, i. p, Co. A. 

In the first year, the plumage is brown, or ash-coloured 
above, dirty white beneath, and much spotted ; the mark on the 
jaw visible, but less distinct. 

In the second year the colours become deeper, and better 
defined, the under parts whiter, and the markings more distinct, till 
arrived at the third year's moult, after which it remains the same 
till old age. 



VOL. I. 



114 



FALCON, 



iiii ' 



13.— Falco gibbosus, Ind. Orn.\. p. 30. Gm. Lin. i. 270. Brh.\. 324. Id.Svn. 03. 

liaii Syn. j). 14, C. Will. p. 40. 
Faucon h!ij;iir.l, Bm/. i. 254. pi. 10. ]jl.enl.A2\. 
Haggard Falcon, Gen, Sijn. i. 00. Will. En^l. p. 80. 



1 



Tlii.s receives the above name when it i.s grown old, and draws 
tlie head into its shoulders, appearing hump-backed. 

So much has been said bv authors on the amusement of fal- 
conry, which was greatly encouraged by our ancestors of every 
rank,* that it is not necessary to mention here more tlian has been 
noticed above ; and, although it is nearly left off by the English, 
}et we are assured, that in Denmark and other parts of the Continent, 
it is still held in great esteem ; and by none more than the Turks and 
1\ rsians, as well as lius,sians and Tartars : the Chinese were also very 
i'ond of this sport. 

It is supposed that every species of this Genus might be trainetl 
lor falconry ; but it fip[)ears, that the usual sorts were the Iceland 
and Greenland l'\»lcons, Gyrfalcon and Goshawk ; indenciident <»f 
tjic Black Eagle, Jean le Blanc, Lanner, and others; and of tlies« 
the white variety seem to be in most esteem f 



C— Falco leucoct'phalus, Tnd.Orn.i. 30. Dris.\. 32-3. /</. 8vo. 93. Gm. Lin. \.27i). 

I'riscli, t. 75. 
White-headt'd Falcon, Gen. Si/n. i. 00. 

This has the head white, marked with .small brown spots ; bill 
ash-coloured ; cere and irides pale yellow ; back and wing covert.s 
spotted with brown, rufous, grey and whitish ; beneath grey with 



* III the time of Kinj^ Edward III. fee and wages were given to W. de Whitten, for 
searching and examining all nests of falcons and hawks, every wliere in Wales. 
•f See article, Goshawk. 



PALCON. 



113 



brown spots, each spot encircled witli rufous; feet featliered to the 
toes ; legs yellow, claws black ; from tlie legs being feathered so low 
down, it seems to have some affinity with the Hough-legged Falcitn. 



l)._[.-„l,.o albus, Jnd. Oni. \. -n. /Jr/.». i. -320. /</. 8vo. 94. Cmel. Liii. i. 2't>. 

Frisch, t. 80, iiuii Si/n. \>. 14. '. Hill. \i. 40. Kkiit. Ac. \K4d. Id, Ov. 

t.5. f.3. 
White Falcon, Gen. Syn. i. p. 06. Will. Eng. p. 80. 

This appears white at first inspection, but on close examination 
is found to be covered with minute yellow spots, except the twd 
middle tail feathers, whiiii are pure white. 

In Mr. Aubrey's collection was a specimen entirely white, ex- 
cept a few brown s|>ots on the back and wings; tail barred with 
brown. 

In mv collection is a draw ing of a white Falcon from China ; 
light cream-coloured above, and white beneath ; every where marked 
with slender, longitudinal brown streaks ; paler on the thighs, and a 
little curved in shape; the under jmrt of the tail plain, the upper not 
visible in the figure. 

I was favoured w ith the last by Capt. IJroadley. 

E.—Falio hiIkhs ^lf^ Oni. i. .31. G'w. L»i. i. 332. Bri^.\.ll\. /.r Svo. 90. Ilaii 

Syn. p. 14. Will. p. 47- 
Red Falcon, G'e«. Syn. i. p. (>9- Will. Eng. SI. 

This appears to difier from the ci>mmon Falcon, in having black 
and red spots instead of white; it is less than the Peregrine Falcon, 
and supposed U.* be tlie female in its first year's feathers. 



Q2 



116 



FALCON. 



F. — Falro ruber iiulicus, Lid. Orn. i. 31. Gm. Lin, i. 271. BrU, i. 333. Id. 8vo. 9(5. 

liiiii Syn. ]>. 14. Will. p. 47. 
Red liidiun Falcon, (Jen. Syn. i. Gl). Will, Eng, p. 81, t. 9. 



Tlie female lias a cinereous bill; cere and eyelids luteou.s ; iri«I«s 
obr^cnre; at the outer angle of the eye an oblong fulvous spot; head 
and uj)per parts brownish ash ; brea.st and under parts, rump, tipper 
tail, and w in<r coverts, of a reddish fulvous colour, with a few spots 
of the same on the breast; tail cros.sed with black and ash-coloured, 
curved, bands ; legs yellow; claws black. 

The male is brighter in colour, the brownish ash-coloured parts 
being nearly black. This sex is also smaller than the female. 

Inhabits the East IiiiMes. It is on Brisson's authority that we 
place it here as a variety of the falcon. Originally described by 
Aldrovandus. 



i't '' 




j 

i 

( 

j 

i 

1 




11 

1 


\ 


1 ^ 


1 




. ,1' 
'ij! 


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, 1 ■ 


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j 


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1 


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1. , 



G. — Falco Italicus, Ind. Orn. i. .32. 
Italian Falcon, Gen, Syn, i. p. 70. 



Gm. Lin. i. 27 1. Bris, i. a3G, Johnsl. At: 



The bill ill this is blue; head and neck reddish yellow, marked 
with very nanow ferruginous lines; l>reast yellow spotted with 
ferruginous ; ends of the wings marked with round spots of white ; 
legs yellow. We learn from the above authors that this bird isfouiul 
on the mountains of Vicenza, and the Alps which divide Germany 
from Italy. It is probably a variety of the common falcon.* 

* III M. d'Azara's Voy. is mentioned a brown and spotted falcon, found at Paraguay, 
which is a variety also of the conuiion falcon. 



TT' 



FALCON. 



117 



45— SACRE FALCON. 

Fulcosaocr, //If/. Orn. i. 34. G'ni. Lin. i. 27.3. Zfm. i.337. /(i. Svo. 9P. Raii,p.\3. 

fViU.\).U. AVcjH. //('. 7. p. 4H. f.Vri/i. i. t. -28. licc/ij,/. X)tM<ji. ii. ». 'iOy. iiuiu/. 

Orn. vi. p. !)(». 
Sacif, (it'll. Si/ii. i !>. 77. Id. .Sup. \>. 20. Jrc/. Zool. ii. No. 1)0. Bi//. i. 240. pi. 14. 

/ri//. Engl. [>, 77. 

TfllS tlie si/e of the .Teitjilron ; bill and le^s l)lue; eyes black ; 
tlie back, upper wiiitj, coverts, and l)reast spotted with brown ; thighs 
white within; tail rather long, marked with kitlney-shaped spots, and 
thi'. wings when closed reach to the end of it; the legs feathered 
almost to the toes. It is remarked in Willnghby, that these Inrds 
have a " great round head, a shorter beak, a slenderer and longer body 
in proportion ; longer wings, and also a longer train ; a breast less 
Meshy and full in respect of their body than .Terfalcons, an<l also 
shorter toes." It is thought by some to be merely a variety of the 
connnon Falcon, though by others a distinct species. 

Inhabits various parts of Europe, also Tartary ; in the latter used 
for Falconry, and we believe formerly in Enghunl ; yet is not t'ound 
there at large. ?»I. Beckstein says, that one of the names in fiermany 
is the British Falcon. 



A.— Fako sacer, Ph. rnin.i.lxW. 'JS:). 42.3. 
Aiiieiiciin Saore, Speckled Partritlge Hawk, Gen. ,Si/n. 
Zool. ii. No. 96. 



78. /(/. Sup. 20. Ari:t. 



Dr. Forster says, the length is 22 in. ; breadth 311. ; weight 2^ 
pounds; the iridesare yt'low; hejid whitish, with largish streaks of 
bro>vii ; throat white spotted with brown.; general plumage above 
brown, the feathers spotted, and edged ferruginous; the spols not 
touching the shafts ; the under parts white, with longisli, dark brown 



118 



FALCON. 



.sj)ots; quills black brown; margins and ends of tlie prime quills 
uliite, transversely spotted within with pale ferruginous; lesser 
rpiills marked with round spots on the outsides. 

Inhabits North America, about Hudson's Bay ; called Speckled 
Partridge Hawk ; migrates ; preys on the white grouse ; breeds in 
April and May in desart j)laces ; the females lay two e^gs ; the young 
Hv the middle of June. 



46.— MOUNTAIN FALCON. 



Falco montanus, Ind. Orn. i. p. 48. Gm. Lin.\. 278. Bris. i. 'Vy^. Id. 8vo. lot. 
i?«», p. 13. H'»7/. p. 45. AVfiH. .4r. p.5-2. />««</. ii. l'>8. Shaie's Zool. \\\. \^i. 
MouiiUiin Falcon, (jen. Syn, i. p, 93. Will. Engl. p. 78. 



LEvSS than the Peregrine Falcon, with a shorter tail; bill 
black ; plumage above brown, or ash-colour; throat and forepart of 
the neck whitish, spotted \vith either ferruginous or black ; tail ash- 
coloured, end black, very tip white; legs yellow, claws black; 
described in biief from M. Brisson, who obsenes, that when the 
bird is come to its fiill colour, the head is black ; and the oftener is 
has moulted, the more white is seen in the breast; with the back and 
sides of a deeper ash colour. 






i:^ 





'1! 




1 
1 



A.— Falco montanus cinereus, Jnd. Orn, i. \^ 48. 116. /3. Brig. i. S.jo. /(/. 8vo. 102. 
Fulco montanus secundus Aldr. fVilli t. 9. 
Ash-coloured Mountain Falcon, Gen. Syn. i. p. 94. 

Length 1 ft. 9 in. ; bill black; irides yellow; general colour of 
the plumage cinereous, paler on the wing coverts ; beneath white at 
snow; legs luteous. 



FALCON. 



119 



47— HOBBY FALCON. 

FhIco siihbutco, Ltd, Orn. i. p. 47. Lin. i. 127. Fn. Siier. No. .')0. Cm. Liu. i. SSJ. 

7»'«ii, p. ir». Mi//, p. 40. t. 7. Wruii. No. 10, 11. .!/«//. No. («, It.Pusefi. 

p. -J!). ,V^>;^. r«y. ;5. t.118. i>r- i. ii, 1-21). 7\«i. .V«h. ci'OrH. p. 27. /(/.£./. 

2. 10. 25. 
Kaico Barluttu, Daud. ii. 129. CVr. Or»i. i. t. 4.5, 46, 47, 48, vur. 
Ueiiilro-lalco, Brh.\. p. 375. iJ. Svo, 109. Ruii, p. 14. 8. /r«7/. p. 47. Frlnh, 

t. 87. Shaw's Zool. vii. 19:{, i)l. 25. 
Ilc.bnau, Btif. i. 277, t. 17. pi. cnl. 4:J2. 

Haum Falk, Gimth. Nest. u. Eij. t. T.i. Beehst. Dcuts. ii. 317. Natiirf. 8. s. 51. 
H..bljy, T.Vh. %h. i. \m. Id. Slip, p, 28. Br. Zool. i. No, (il. /(/. fol. t. A. 0. /(/. 

ii</. 1812. p.247. J;t/. /o(./. ii. p.227.C Alb. \. pHi. IfiU. Lnij;. \>.i>i. Lt- 

tvirl,; x.pt. p. :j!). Lvwiii's Birds, i. /)/. 21. Id. Ei:i;s, pi. n\. i. ^■^. Pull. <<tt. 

Dors. p. 3. IVulf. Sijn. i.'li. Don. Birds, iv. ;j. 'Jl. Orn. Diet, rt Siipp. 



THIS Bird is about l->in. in length; Im-iKltli 2ft. 3in.; and 
weighs about seven ounces. T'<e l)ill is l>hie; cere and orl)its yellow; 
irides dusky or hazel; the plumage on the upper parts is brown, 
<la.shed with ash-colour; najje of the neck inclining to yellow; over 
the eye a narrow white streak ; on each cheek a black mark like a 
crescent, pointing downwards ; chin, throat, and belly, ferruginous, 
marked with black down the shafts ; vent and thighs fine rufous, 
streaked with du.sky; the feathers reaching halfway down the legs; 
under the wings pale cream-colour, undulated, or spotted, with 
bjivnish black ; quills dusky, .spotted on the inner webs with white; 
tail like the back, the two middle feathers plain, the others barred 
on the inner webs with dusky rust colour; legs yellow, claws 
black. 

In one which came under my inspection, the back was lead- 
coloured brown ; the thighs dusky white ; longitudinally marked 
with brown ; the vent plain white ; and the nape of the neck spotted 
with white ; also the chin, throat, and belly w ere white, marked w ith 



:i|l| 'i 



Wm^ 



1 ii 






120 



FALCOX. 



I>la<k down the sliafts. It is posssible that tlie hist may be the 
leinale, as it weighed two ounces more than the male, was not so 
ihnk above, and the hghter parts beneath not so i'errnginous.* 

The Hobby is only a sunnner resident in Enghmd, eoming in 
Spring, and migmting in October; and is far from common. It 
• ►feeds with us, sometimes making the nest on a hiw tree, even a 
moderate sized liawthorn ; tliongh it lias been known to make use of 
an ohl crow's nest, and two young taken out of it.f 

It inhabits various parts of tlie Continent of Europe, wliere it 
changes its residence acccording to the seasons ; is not met witli in 
Sweden, except in the more southern Provinces ; migrating south in 
Autumn; in winter about Woronesch and Astraclian;J is most com- 
mon in the open country, particuhirly in the desarts of Tartary antl 
Si])eria, whenever small trees are at hand, in which it may breed, ij 
Several have been shot on Gibraltar rock at the time of their vernal 
and autunmal migrations; and now and then they stay ' breed 
there, about the south-east clitfs. ^ We believe this to 1j most 

rapid in its flight of all the hawks ; larks will not trust to their wings 
while the Hobby is in sight; and we remendjer to have seen a 
swallow pursued, and overtaken while on the wing, bythisbinl. 
This species was formerly used in Falconry, but not known to 
attempt a larger bird than a partridge ; || is a great enemy to larks, 
and is frequently taken in pursuit of them, by the bird-catchers, in 
their nets ; hence successfully used in daring of larks, for which 
purpose the hawk was cast off; on seeing of which, the larks 
adhered to the ground through fear, and the fowler drew his net 
over them. 

* Orn. Diet; 

f Col. Montagu ; said to lay three or four white ejj^'Si 
:f Dec. russ. ii. 142. 
§ Mr. Pennant. 
f Mr. White, MS. 

II M. Brunnic^h observes, that the Gentil, Iceland-Falcon, and Hobby, are all used 
in falconry about Copenhagen, Orn, Bor. p. 3. 



Ii 


IP 


i 


^i:- 




lf~~ ( ■ 1 








'<*■ 


a -' 


i: ,:^'1S 


y 


i i 

iy. 



FALCOV. 



121 



A. — Lenutli 11 inches; hill and cere very deep orange-yellow; 
space ronnd the even yellow; irides brown; general <"olour of the 
plinnauc deep chocolate brown, with deeper colonre«l spots ; i'orc- 
hcad. clinks, and throat nearly white; very irrci^nlar on the 
checks ; all the nnder ]»arts dnsky u hilc ; neck, breast, and belly 
marked with larj^e lon;4,ish spots of brown ; t.'iil ii ^ iix. lontf, crossed 
with eight or nine bars of darker brown, bnt rather paler than the 
back ; (piills plain, darker than the rest, and reach, when closed, 
to the end of the tail ; shafts white ; legs veiy deep orange-yellow ; 
claws white. 

Inhabits India, called Donrelah; Sir J. Anstruther. It appears 
to be a variety of oiu" Hobby. 



48.— GREATER HOBBY. 

Fulco suhbutoo miijor, Ind. Orn. Sup. \>. x. 

Urr grossi- Buunifalkc, ^//g-. ticb. d. i'ofr, i. Zussut. p. OGO, 29. Tuf. i. Bfchst. Dftitt. 

ii. s.aif). 19 Shaw's Zoo/, vn. 195. 
Greater Hobby, Gen. Syn. Sup. ii. p. 47. 



THIS bird somewhat resembles the Hobby, bnt is as large as 
a raven ; in length nearly 18 in.; breadth 3 ft.; the bill 1 J inch 
long, horn-colour ; cere and legs yellow ; irides pale yellow ; head 
and neck black brown ; cheeks black ; back and wing coverts 
blackish bine, cros,sed with obsolete dull brown, ash-grey, and 
retUlish-grey bands ; chin, fore part of the neck, and upper part ot" 

VOL. I. R 



. til""'' iu 




12-2 



PALCOX. 



the breast dusky reddish ^vllite, banded with dull broun, appeariui^ 
on the breast as oval marks; ((uills l)iarkish, marked on the inin r 
webs with eiijht, or more, jiale «j:rey, oval spots ; on the fciil twelve 
alternate Jull brown and 'ish-iirey bands. 

The female is almost ov.e third bigger than the male ; the 
eolours not so well «lefined, and wants the black on the cheeks; also 
the breast and neck are plain snnitty white. 

This species inhabits the j)ine forests of frermany, preying on 
grons, hares, and small birds. It may by some be mistaken io. u 
variety, but M. 13echstein assures us, that it is a distinct species. 



49._iyGurAN FALCON. 

FaU'-> vrgp^rtinus, Iiid. Orii. \. p. 40; Lin.'\. 1-29. Cm. Ltn. i. 282. Gm.Ft.i. p. €7. 

t. It). /(/. ii. p. IW. Ltpcch. It. \.2:iO. (Jcorgi,\}.l(i4. Daud li. 124. Sliau's 

Zoo!, vii. IIH). 
Kober, Dec. litiss. ii. 142. 
lii>.'rian Falcon, Gen. Spi. i. 102. Id. Sup. 27. 



SIZE of a pigeon; bill yellow, with a brown tip; c ^ and 
eyelids yellow ; head brown ; body Mnish brown ; belly bluish 
white ; the ])rimaries, from the tirst <o the seventh, blackish ut the 
tips ; legs naked, yellow. 

Said to inhabit Ingiia: cliiefly flying in the morning and 
evening ; is common about the lake Baikal, as well as Astra< lau ; 



■■ 1 



FALCOX, 



12,3 



known hy the name of Ki^ber and Derlniitsrliock ; has mnch tlie 
manners of the Kestril, but extends farther east than that bird, or 
f)ie I lobby, though less common tlian eitlier. 

M, PalUis in Jiis MS, bst calls it Duskv Windhover, 



50.--PEKMIAN FALCON, 

T<';ilcc vespertinoidfs, InJ, Oni, i. p. 40. Cm. iiw. i. 282, Falck. It. iii. ,129. 
Baud. ii. 124. 



THE short description mIucIi we can collect of this bird from 
I'alck, infoHKs us, thai it is half tlie size of the last ; and weighs 
no more than two ounces and one dram ; cere and eyelids yellow ; 
nec'k, breast, and belly brownish, spotted with white ; thighs black. 

Inhabits Russia, especially in the province of Permia — found 
aJso in Siberia, about Iset and liaschiria. M. Daudih places it as a 
variety of the Ingrian, or last species. 



Ra 



< 



m 



ti !:. 



124 



FALCON, 



ill 



.51.-ORANGE-LEf.GED HOBBY. 



Falco riifi|)t>s, Allg. Ucb. d. Vog.W. Ziisass. s, 077. J'22. Besek. Vog. Ktirl, s. 19. taf. 

3. &4. Tem.Mui,.(rOni.p.4-2. Id. Kd. 2. p. 34. 
Viiriete sinpfiiliere <lu Hohrt-'iiu, pi. citl. 4'.il ? 
Oriinge-leg;>;ed Hobby, GV;i. Si/n. Sup. 2d. p. 40. 



SIZE of Ji Kestril — one, supposed the male, is wholly bhuk; 
hilt the ^reat wing feathors, and under parts of the body black isji 
lead-colour; thighs, vent, and under tail coverts fine red brown: 
eyelids and space round the eyes, the cere, and legs, brick-coloured 
red ; bill half vellow and half bluish. 

The female larger, but has many things in <'ommon with tUv 
other. Head and nec.'k whitish yellow, or fox-colour ; eyes in a patcii 
of brown ; throat, as far as the breast, whitish yellow; also the thigh 
coverts, vent, and un.ler tail coverts ; shouldei-s duller fox-colour 
yelloM-, waved with black ; upper j)arts of the l)ody pale brouii. 
with ash-coloured and blar^k waves; tail crossed with nine snudl 
black bands. 

The first of the^e .seems to approach very nearly to the Ilobby. 
figured in the pi. enhim. if not the same bird ; and most probably 
not far dittering from the two last tlescribed. 



FALCON. 



125 



VJ— KE8TRIL FALCON. 

Fiilco Tinnunruhis, fi><LOni,\. ]). 41, L/m. i. 127. Faini. Siivr, Xu.CA. (im. Lht. 
i. 278. /?(/«■, p. 1(). /</.;). 180. »■///. Oni. p. 50. t. 5. Scop. Ann. \. y. U'l. ^o. 
5. III. Ann.s. Y.XO.l. /V/icA. t. 84. 85. iJrMH, Xo. 4. .'). Miillir, ^u. t.^j. 
Fauv. A>ti<i;. (i8. Kram. \^. JWl. Cerin. t. 40 — .V2. Boron-sh-. Xat. ii. p. 74. 
Brw. i. ;J9;). Id. 8v(). 113. Spaloicslc. Vo'^. iii. t. ,'). iV'/j/j. Toif. iii. t. 117. Nisiis. 
Duud.W. i:}2. Bcchst. JJculs.W. s. :)) V ."thaw's Zuo!, \\\. 179. Tint. Midi. 
d'Oni. p. 30. 
Falco aureus, Coiuluis, A7((h. Jr. 40. 52, 5:J. /(/ Or. t. (!. t'.4. 
'I'liurniralki', Natiirf. viii. s. 52. 
Rotliel<^eyer, Guntli. AV.v/. h. Eij. t. 48. 
II (il'fjtpio, Cet. uc. Sard. p. 47. '/.intiati. I'vr. t. 1.5. f. 78. 
La Cressfrelle, Btif. i. 280. t. 48. PI. ml. 401. 471. 

Kestril, StaniR'l, ^\'ilulhovL'l•, (Jen. Si/)i. i. p. 04. /(/. .S'»y>. ]>. 25. Id. Sup. ii. 4;}. 
Ur. Zoo/, i. Xo. GO. /d./ol. t. .A. Id. cd. 1812. i. p. 244. Ant. Zoo/, li. 22(i. A'. 
;F///. £'»;,'■. p. 85. pi. 5. .SVoa/i. /(i»i. 294. Alh. iii. pi. 5 ic 7. IIu,i,s's Br. Bini^, 
i. pi. 4. Beivkh,\. pi. J). 3(). .'i7. Linin'^ Birds, \. \i. W). 10. I'. /(/. t. iii. )". i. 
the Egg. JValcot, Si/it.\. pi. 19. Duiior. Binls, iii. pi. 51. 0:{. Pu!i. Ihi s,t. 
p. 3. OrH. Z>/t7. ^3" .Sh/j. 



THE male of this spp<'i«s weiulis as far as.'Keveu ounros. IJiil 
black ; cere yellow ; in<l I;irk ; cronn of" the hea<l and the tail lliu' 
light grey; the la.st iriarktd uith a hruiMl black bar iitar the eiul, 
the very tip white; back an<l wi:ig foverts ruloiis, or red brouii. 
.spotted and barred with black; beneaih llie IhmIv pale t'errugiiums. 
spotted with black ; thighs and /ent j)lain ; legs yi !!• \ . 

The fieinale is larger, and weighs sonietinies from 10 to 11 o/. 
Colour of the back and wings pale, and mon .luskN than in the male, 
crossed with numerous lines<»f black ; head pah nd Imjwn, streaked 
with black ; tail red brown, crossed with several 'lack bars ; neiu 
the end marked with the same black bar as in )l other sex. 




i:ii 



FALCOV. 



■?' 






•f' 




I 


. il 


1 


': 1 • ' 


I ■ 
1 

■ 1 
1 ' 
1 


., 


! 


J' 


Ill 





J 



.♦.. — .\c(i|)ii.r ill;llul;^rill^, Uris. \. ^70, /(/. Svo. 110. Gm. Lin. \. '279. Klein. Av. 

]>. 4!). /tl. Or. t. (i. f. G 
l.iuk IJ;i«k, Cni. Si/n. i. A, Id. Sup. ii. p. 4-1. (', 

A hini, wliioh E conjecture to be tlie same as that of the authors 
last quoted, was shot in Surrey— it was ]4iu. h^nsj. Bill j)ale, tip black ; 
cere and lei;s yellow ; liead ii:rey, streaked with Ijlack ; beneath the 
c>e a sort of black whisker; chin jiiid vent white; back rufous brick 
colour, each feather marked with black at the tip ; rump pale ash ; 
beneath the body rufous white, streaked with black; wing coverts 
crossed with black bars ; quills dusky, barred within with reddish 
v»iiite; tail pale rufous ash, barred on each side the shafts with black, 
and crossed near the end with a bar of black, an inch in breadth. 

I consider this as a younu: male in incomplete plumage, and 
very nearly apj)voacljes to the description in JBrisson alluded to above. 



1}.— Tinnimcuhis ponnis prlseis, .S'. G, Gmtl. It. i. \k 49. t. 10, 

(jivy Ki'stril, Gen. .Si/ii. i. p. :)."». 

This is mentioned as being of a grey colour, with the shafts of 
the feathers bhu^k : it is also said to have black legs, and the under 
part of the tail barred with black. M. Daudin obseiTes, that this 
variety is .sometimes met with in France, and that it has been killed 
inanv times near Beauvais. He also mentions a Kesti'il with dusky 
cheeks, found in the same place . but .supposes it a mere variety from 
age. 



FALCON. 



127 



C— I'iilco l)ianiiius, Allii. I . il. J'<iJr- i. Zusass. s. 079. tiif. 2, f. 1. 2. 
Kcstvil, vur. D. 6Vh. Si/ti. Sup. ii. p. 44. 

This is tlescrilu'd as 14 in. long and 24 in. broad — Bill Idne ; 
oere yellow ; the gio»\nd colonr of the phunage nisty yellow, liarred 
with brown, as in the Kestril ; beneath paler with dnsky streaks ; 
tail crossed with lines of black, and deeply tipped with black at 
the end. 

The yonng bird is said not greatly to differ, but the cross streaks 
of blackish are edged with white on the upper parts; beneath not 
unlike the other ; but the enti of the tail tipped with black in a less 
uegree. 

These inhabit Thuringia in the breeding season, but are not 
found there in the winter — make the nest as late as Mav, whereas the 
rest of the birds of j)rey build theirs in March and April. 

I much suspect that these last birds are no other than Kestrils, 
which are known to wear the female j)luniage for some length <tf 
time,* and to say the truth, very many of the Falcon tribe have so 
mixed an appearance of feather at diiferent stages of growth, as to 
frequently pass for distinct species. 

The Kestril, witli its varieties, is sufHciently coumion every 
where in England, an<l may be seen frequently hovering in the 
air, as it were stationary ; on a sudden darting to the earth to 
secure its ])rey, which for the most part consists of mice, and small 
reptiles; I have known also the remains of beetles and scolopendne, 
in the stomach of one. It is siq)posed to feed likewise on sniall 
birds, but feathers are rarely, if ever, found in the stomach ; be 
this as it may, it has been now and then taken by bird-catchers in 
the act of pouncing their call birds. 



• Till after the wintor of the first year.— -Odi. Diet. 




i 



h i': '^ 



4 : 



ns 



FALCON. 



It varies in Ihe places for building the nest, sometimes in 
hmIvv situations, Mliicli it most fancies ; at otlier times in trees, or 
even in an old crow, or manpie's nest. The female lays four or 
i\ye eifiis, of a pale ferruuinous colour, or tlusky white, marked 
n'ltU irre*;ular spots of a deeper hue. 

'J'liis species is not unconnnon in many parts of the Continent 
of Europe. IM. IJechstein observes, that it now and then will 
truss doves, and partridges, and seize on small birds hanging- in 
cages, drawing them out between the bars. It is found on the 
Kock of Gibraltar the whole year througli, and breeds there, 
feeding chiefly on locusts and lizards ; and is the most common 
of any of the Hawk tribe. 

I suspect this bird to be what hi India is called Chonce ; found 
in Java, called there Allap-allap-.SY/yi< ;* I have also seen it in 
.some Chinese drawings, where it was named Maw-iing, which 
.signifies speckled bird, or ravenous ; the word Maw means brjicket 
or broken, as the face after the small-pox. In the same collection 
of drawings I observed another, called also Maw-ing, but .his had 
the breast cross^Ml with numerous bars, as in the Sparrow-hawk. 
I find this also among some fine drawings done in India, in po.s- 
session of Sir J. Anstruther, Bart, where it is named Caronjia ; said 
to inhabit Bengal ; a lemale in the same drawings called Kommooly, 
.sjtid to be 13 in. long. 

According to Sloane, this inhabits Jamaica, bat as no other 
author mentions it, and as I have never seen it from that quarter, 
the circumstance may be suspected. t 

• Lin. Trans, xviii. p. 135. 

t Probably mistaken for some other bird. Ray, in his Si/n. p. 180, quoting from 
Sloane says, " Tinnunculus slve Cencliris, eive valde siinilis accipiter." 



^mm- 



FALCON. 



120 



53— LESSER KESTHIL. 



Falco Tiiimiiiculiiidis, Triii. Man. Etl.'l. [). 31. 



l-iENfiTH 11 in. Bill bluish; cere, uiul round the eyelids 
yellow; ennvn, sides of the neek, and na[)e pale ash-rolour : hack, 
scapidars, and greater part of the wing eoverts deep rufous, iueliuin^ 
to red; some of the larger, the second cpiills, rump, and nearly the 
whole of the tail bluish ash, near the end of the last a broad blaek 
band, and the end white; throat pale; the rest of the under j)arts 
pale reddish rufous, marked w ith longitudinal black streaks ; legs 
yelloA\ ; claws pure >vliite. 

The adult female is ralh'^r larger, and is so like that sex of the 
Kestril, in colour, as not to be distinguished, except in the size beinu 
smaller, and both of them differ from the connnon sort in being 
less, the quills reaching to the end of the tail, and the claws «{uite 
white. 

Inhabits various parts of Europe; seen at times in Hungary and 
Austria ; very common about the kingdom of Na})les, als«) in Sicily, 
Sardinia, and the south of Spain, especially among the mountainous 
and rocky parts; probably known at Gibraltar, as Mr. ^\ hite 
mentions a Kestril, nuich smaller than the common one, being n(»w 
and then seen there. Said to feed on beetles, and large insects, 
rarely on snnill birds; it builds in the clefts of rocks, particularly in 
Sicily, and near Gibraltar. 



VOL. I. 



m 



130 



FALCON. 



o3— SEVERE FALCON. 

Fillet) MVLius, Lin. Tntns. xiii. p. 135. IlorsfiiM. 

LEXCiTir 10^ inches; plumage above blackish brown, quills 
black; beneath chestnut, chin paler; wing coverts, and tail feathers, 
tipped with chestnut. 

Inhabits Java ; named Allap-Allap-G/w/Vwo-. 



^11 



5.3._j]OIIEMIAN FALCON. 





1 





t ' il 



m -k 



Fiilc'o IJolit'iiiK'ns, IikI. Oni.\. p. 43. ' ' ./I. i. 279. Dund.'u. 13(5. 
MHt'u»(-liiil)i< lit, iMisihilaiicf, Jod. Maiier. liuvhm. Abh.Q, p. 313. 
Bolicjiiiiiii Falcon, Geii.Si/n.Siip.W. p.4-'{. 



KATHER more than a fdot in length; gape of the muutli, 
irides, and legs yellow; orbits white ; ])lumage on the upper parts of 
the body ash-colour, beneath white; the five first prime quills black 
on the outer margins; tail long, pointed; legs rather short, an«l 
liathered below the knees. 

Inhabits the mountainous parts of Bohemia, feeding on mice; 
observed mostly in the evening. The above description seems too 
concise to determine whether to refer this bird to the Kestril, <tr 
Ilen-llarrier, concerning which authors have held different opinions.* 

♦ M. Tcmiuiiick mivs it is un old male of tht latttr. 



Ml 



ai ' 



FALCO.V. 



131 



Sfi— SPAKUO\V-II A \VK. 



Falco Nisns, [iid, Orn. \. p. 44. Lin.'i, 1:}0. /'». .S'/.cc. No. (>9. tim. Ijii.\. 



(\. 



Sroj), .iiiii.'i. No, 0. iiriiii,\i,b. Miilli'r, No. 71. i'li. -•//•(/;•. p. till, hrum.'^, !. 

yViic/i. t.<K).(>1.92. /<. /V«(-. |..-2S. Jiuious/c. \\, \t.7'i. J)au,l.u. 'iK lifthn. 

Dculsch.W. y'2(). Shuw\>i '/jiiiil, \\\. IS". 7V;n. ^17(//i. (/'()»h. )>. HI. /(/. ci/. ii. |i. ■'>7. 
Accipiter iViiij^illiiriiis, /?a(i .S'yH. |i. IS, //'<//. p. ol. t.5, h'Ifiii. ylv. \>. ■)',]. (ifiin.Oni. 

i. t.l7. iiW*. i. yiO. /(/. Svo. SO. 
EiK-rvifr, 7iH/. i. 'i-iri. pi. 11, 7'/. «•«/. 41-2. 4(17. fW. ^/i /J«;7', i, 200. Celt. u<- S,ii;l. 

p, 51, I'^oy. (V Azuru, iii. No. 27. 
Sperber, Giiiit/i. Nfst. u, liifcr. t.Vt. \iitiir/. H. s. 55. 24. 
.Spurrow-FIawk, (Jen. Sij,i.\. p.i)!). Jil. 3:1/1. [i.'li). lli: /.ool.'u \<>. (12. fil.M.t.A. 

10. 11. /(/.«/. ?f<12. i, 1..24!). ./;•-<. Z..„/. ii. p.22ii. \. ll,i;/is Br. Bhds, pl.:j. 

///A. i. pl.5, /(/.iii. pi, 4. Will. lln<j;l.\t.>^i\. /icic/C/-, i, pi, p.27. Lfwhi's liinls, 

i. pi. 20. M ^irs'A-. pi, iii. f'.2. lyn/rol's liinls, '\. pl,2t», Oni. Diti. Sf S„i>. 



THE male and lemale ot" lliis s|)eci» 'itt'er u'lvatlv in size — tlie 
first weighs rive onnces ; is 12 inches in leu Mi, and 2.'i m breadth; 
hill hhie ; cere and irides }elk>\v ; [)linnaue <»ii the upper parts de«p 
hhiish urey, or deep brown, edi>ed Avith rntoiis; on the hiiidhead a 
broken bed of »hite; the under parts are in some white, in otlwrs 
pale rufous yellow, crossed willi numerous, luuhdated lines of dusky, 
or rufous brown, each featliei ijoini; niar<;ined with that colour, and 
aline of the same down the shaft', chin and throat marked with 
similar line.s, but rarely binred ; «iuills dusky, barred with black on 
he outer, and spotte«l with A\hite on the inner webs; tail the colour 
of the back, cro'^^ed with tive broad dusky black bars, end whitish ; 
legs long, slender, yellow ; claws black. 

The female weighs nine ounces; is loin, in length, and 2(Jin. 
broad. It differs from t)ie male in having the colours in gciu ral 
paler, and less defined, and the ground of the under parts rarelv 
otherwise than white ; but, inuvseil, individuals of both sexes \ ar\ 
greatly from each other. 



f^' 



TT 



l.'Ji 



FALCON. 



I ii 



*' i 



If is a \(iy coininon, aiul most peniicioiis species, and the d read 

• •I the iidiuhitaiits ot" the t'ariii-yaid, iiiakinu; uriat ]iav«>ek aiiioiiif 
tin- pMiillrv of all kiiuls, as well as pineoiis and partridges, espe- 

• ialiy the t'emah', which beinu; larue, stronir, and more danni»-, will 
ot'ten poiinee a ehickeii in the presenee of any person, and this so 
instantaneously, as to make it impossible to save the helpless 
\iitiin, 

It bnilds indiscriminately in hollow trees, ]ar<;e ruins, and hiuh 
rocks, vtry lie<piently in old crows nests; and lays four or five 

• Ui!,s, of a ihisky or bluish white, blot<:hed round the larger end 
\\ ifh rnst-colour.* Has in former times been nsetl in falconry; but 
I sliouM conceive more lor annisement than profit. It is a s|)ecies. 
\\i' l)elieve, \ery far spread ; found as hiuh as S(mdmor, and in tin- 
I'erroe Islands; in the south of Russia, but not in Siberia; anil 
fhroughoul the old continent, from the above phues to the Cape 
of (lood IIoj)e ; it miunites annually, in respect to Gibraltar, t likt- 
many other species, from Africa into Sj)ain, where many stay 
throughout the year. It probably is no stranger to Cliina, as we 
have observed a Ijird anjont;' some Chinese drawings so exactly like 
it. as to ap|ieara mere variety, not dili'erinu: more than they do t"n»m 
each otinr in this climate ; it is <'alled there Mawini*', as is the 
Kestril. It is also mentioned by Azara as a bird of ParajLfuay. 



A — AccijiittT ma<"»il:itus, Bris. i. .31-t. /</. 8vo. 90. 
Killed iii!iiii))ii!. i.ureis, rostro iii<(riciuiti', Klein. Av, \i. 52. 
Spottid Sparrow-Hawk, (iVh. Si/ii. i. \>. 100. 

This is brown above, with a few spots of white; beneath much 
the same, appearinuf a.s it were scaly ; beneath the wings and tail 
broad bands of white, and narrow ones of brown, alternate ; the 
tail, bill, cere, and irides, as in common. 



i ■ lit 



* Arct. Zoo/. 



t Wl.itt'b MS. 



FALCON. 



i:w 



n.— Fiil''o liictrns, Cm. I.iii. i. -JSl. Dnnd. ii. 81. 
Wliiti' Simrrow-liuuk, Ceii. Syn. i. p. IIH). 

The |)lmiiai>e of tins lieaiitit'ul variety is \vliolly of a inilk 
white colour, without the least ap|)eai'aiice of any bands or niark- 
inu:s. It was shot in Dorsetshire, and in the collection of fien. 
Davies, who informed nie, that others have been seen there of the 
same plmnage. 



57.— MERLIN. 

Fako .Es=ilon, IiuLOrn.l. p. 4!). Cm. Lin. \. '2f<\. flr«. i. 3^2. /./.Svo, 111. 

liuii, \).Vi. fr;//. p. 50, t. ;J. Kkin..lr. p.M. Friich. t. h\h (nr.Oni.i. 

t. 16. 18.19? Spuluwsk. Vut/.t.'.}. JJaud.x}. 137. Bechst. Dculs.u. p. ;3-28, 

Shaw's Zool. vii. 1J)6. Tein. Man. d'Oru. p. 38. Id. id. 2. p. 27- 
Zwergfalk, Nuturf. 8. s. .'J5, 257. 
Merlin, Gen. Si/n. i. p. KMi. /(/. Sup. p. 20. Br. Zool. i. \o. 0;3. /,/./•„/. t. A. 12. 

Id. ed. 1812. i. )). 251. Will. Eu/r. p. 85. Betcick; ii, pi. p. 41. Lrwin, i. pi. 22. 

Id. Eggs, pi. iii. 1". 4. Pull. Dors. p. 3. Wale. Birds, i. pi. 22. Don. Br. Birds, 

iv. pi. 94. Gracea's Br. Ornith, 



THIS is a small .species ; common wei*fht of the male 5 oz. ; 
length 10 inches ; bill bluish lead-colour ; cere pale yellow ; irides 
dark ; head ferruifinous ; the feathers streaked with bluish-black 
down the .shaft ; back, and wings bluish ash-colour, streaked an<l 
spotted with ferruginous ; edges the same •> quills nearly black, with 
reddish oval spots ; under wing coverts brown, with round white 
spots; tail 5 in. long, crossed with from thirteen to fifteen alternate 




1 1 

^ 1 


1 ' 

■ 1 
1 


■ 


■•'• ■! .'l 


, 1 ; )' 




Hi- pi! 


1 
1 
1 





134 



PALCOV. 



I»ar.s of dusky aiul rt'ddisli clay colour,* the t-nd for al)out au inch 
lilacU, the very tip wliite ; throat uliife; breast, belly, leys, and 
fliitjlis ferruniuous, streaked ^itli dusky; vent |)ale ferru<;inons; the 
>vinus reach to within l^in. of the end of the tail; le^s vrHow, 
chiws black. 

The female weiifhs 9 oz. is ^•2^ in. loner, and 20^ in. broad ; the 
whole pliunage above brown, tinued \\ilh ferruginous; beneath 
yellowish white, with broail dusky bnmii streaks; tail crossed with 
live or six narrow bars of yellonish white, ti|>j)ed with the same. 

The Merlin is only a winter n'sident with us, at least in tl'<' 
warmer parts of 1<'n,i;]and, where it arrives in October, and chparts 
in Sprinii, at which time the Hobby a|)pear.s. Vet we are assuied 
bv J)r. Ilevshani, that it breeds in Cundierlaud, and that he has 
met with two nests, in eaeh of which were four yonnif, placed on 
the ground, like that of the King-tail ; the egg is of a plain «ho- 
colate lirown, and Ij inch in length. The Doctor observed, that 
these birds varv much in colour. The manner «>f buildinn' also 
ilitters, a pair of them having once made use (»f an old crow 's ne.^t 
near Cow bit, in Lancashire, f 

Several 31erlins said to be shot in lat. (m.J 

This bird is met with on the continent of Europe, but, we 
believe, no where very common, and shifts its <|uarter.s in a greater 
or less degree every where. 31. IJechsteiu «»bserves, that it is 
rarely seen in Thuringia in the snnnner, but is sutliciently plentiful 
in the mountainons parts and forests in autumn and winter ; that 
it builds in high trees, laying five or six whitish eix'^s, nunked 
with brown spots; is observed now and then in the Caspian desait 

* The number seems to be quite uncertiiin ; for Mr. Pemiant mentions a specimen 
in which there vere only eight; and Col, Monta^u'a Merhns had only from five to seven. 
See Orn, Diet. 

t Gent. Mag. 170G, p. 24. 

^ Ross's Voy. p. xlviii. 






FALCON. 



I.Tj 



aiul Hiiniba.* ^I. Diiiulin says, they fre(|iient tliat part of France 
rontiuiKMis to Switztrlaml, bein^ met with about liole ami Moiit- 
Jiiia ; ami a<Ms, that the male ami female are both eijiial in size. 

Both this ami the Sparrow-hawk have been trained for 
hawkinu ; and this species, Mr. Pennant observes, was inferior to 
none in s|)irit ; was nse<l for taking partridges, which it wonid 
kill by a single stoke on the neck. 



A. — yEsaloii Aiitillaruin, Bris, i. UH-j. /</. 8vo. iii, Gm. Lin. i. '284. Shaw's Zonl. 

vii. OS. 
Ciiiibbee .Merlin, Gen. Si/ii. i. 108; 

This is very little bigger than a thrnsh ; above rnfons s[>ott<'d 
with black ; beneath white \vith longish spots of black, 

Inhabits the Caribbee Islands, calle<l there Cirygry, from its 
cry — said to prey chietly on lizards and grassho[>pers, mow and 
then on very yonng chickens. 



B. — FaUo Aucupum, IikLOiii.'i. p.41). y. Gin. Lin. \. '284. 
K-iiicnlloii (lis l"iiuc..imitT>, linf. t. 'iSS. pi. <J. /'/.(«/. 4(i8. 
Ful<'uni'r's .Mfiliii, Gen,Si/n.\. 10!). 03. C 



This is said by IJutibn to be like tlie Ilobliy, bnt with shoiter 
wings, and more resembling the Stone Falcon, both as to size, length, 
colonr, &c. so as to make it dcaotfnl whether these two may not be 
varieties ; also that l)oth sexes are alike in size. lie adds, that it is a 
very < onrageons bird, attacking not only larks, bnt (]nails and 
partridges — yet this author <piotes ]h'. Zool. fol. A. 12. for a tignie, 
proving this and Mr. I'ennant's Merlin to be the same. In short, to 
any one w ho reads the account in the Hist, ties Ois. the whole seems 
to be contused, arising probably from individuals varying in plumage. 



and not being a common bird. 



* PuUusMS. 



W ' ' " 



IS6 



FALCOV. 



C— Fako intvi'niivtus, ])tind. Orii.'u, 4. 



m 



Length ten inolies; brejulth tuent} ; cere and irides yellow; 
crown brown; cheeks whitish, streake<l with brown; over the eye a 
while line to the hindhead ; ehin white; neck streaked with brown 
above, and white beneath ; gnMiiul colonr ot" the body above brown ; 
feathers of the rump marked witli white, and tipped with grey ; 
breast and l)elly yellowish white, with longitndinal narrow streaks of 
brown; beneath the wings and tlanU, tlie leathers marked on each 
side of the s(»aft M idi two <,r three large ronnd white spots ; quills 
brown, band*^ti beneath with whitish; tail brown, with three or four 
bars of white, and the tip white ; legs yellow; claws black. 

This was described from one brought from Carolina, by 31. 
Jiosc, and seems not very materially to difter from our Merlin, 



58— STONE FALCON. 



Fiik-o Lithofiiloo, /(id. Onu i. 47. Gm. Lin. \. 27f>>. /JW,«. i. 340. /</. 8vo. 101. 

/?(((■<•, 14. Will. AT. JMs<h.\. m. .S/iuH-'.? Zoo/, vii. 182. i>l.24. Tern. Man. 

Ed. ii. p. 27. 
U- Uo.luer, Buf. i. 2S5. PI. cnl. 447. 
Stone Falcon, Gen. Syn. i. 97. Will. Engl. p. 80. 



LENGTH about 12 inches; bill blue, with a dusky tip ; cere 
and irides yellow ; top of the head asli-colour ; the middle of sach 
featli^r dusky down the .shaft; the rest of the head, neck, and 
undei p:rts rufous; the feathers margined with yellowish white, 



FALCON. 



1.37 



and a dasli of brown down the middle ; <'liin nearly wliite; thiiih 
feathers long and full, reachinii- much over the joint: these are pale 
rufons, with a few dark dashes down the shafts i>f many of them ', 
M'inju:s, l;:!<k, and tail dove-colour, the feathers streaked with black ; 
prime <|uills rather darker, the outer one shorter than the second, and 
marked on both webs with white spots, the others only on the inner 
Avebs, the ends })ale; the tail 51 in. lonii;, the colour of tlit quills, 
crossetl with four blackish l)ands, one at the base, two at equal 
distances about the middle, and lastly a broad one at the en<l, but the 
veiy tip inclines to white; the wiuiis, when closetl, reach three-lburths 
on the tail; legs slender, toes very long, both yellow ; claws hooked, 
black. 

The above description is ])robably that of the female, for I 
observe in another specimen, which ditl not ditier materiall\ in 
phnnage, that the tail had only a single bar near the end, in this 
ditlering from each oilier, in the maimer of the two sexes »*f the 
Kestril. 

Hotli the above birds were in the collection of the late V. V. 
Foljambe, Esq. of Grosvenor Place, who obliged me with an acciuate 
drawing by the late, much to ])e lamented, Mr. S. Edwards. 

Mr. F. informed me, that one of tlicm was shot in January, at 
Osberton, in Nottinghamshire, but was uncertain about the other. 
These birds having yellow irides, make them to differ from the Merlin : 
but it must be confessed, that in resjiectto plumage, they have inuch 
resemblance to that bird. 



VOL. I. 




138 



FALCON. 



59— SIBERIAN FALCON. 

Fulco regulns, /nr/. Or«. i. 50. Gm. Lin. i. 285. Pallas. It. i'u 207. Daud.w.UG. 

Shaw's Zool. vii. 207. 
Siberian Falcon, Gen. Si/n.'u 113. 



THIS is a very small species, but has the bill and air of the 
Kestril. Cere greenish ; iritles brown ; crown hoary brown, witli 
blackish lines; round the neck a ferruginous collar; back hoary 
lead-colour, the sliaftsof the feathers Inown ; throat, and under parts 
whitish, marked with Jiumerous, ferruginous brown spots; margin of 
the wings white, variegated beneatli ; tail even at the end, hoary 
lead-colour, with clouded bauds below ; all the feathers edged with 
black, an<l tipped with white; legs dee[) yellow. 

Iiiiiabils Siberia; feeds chiefly on larks, and is not common. 
This, Dr. l*allas observes, is the least of all the Falcons yet known. 



*♦ AFRICAN AND ASIATIC. 
CO.— CROWNED EAGLE. 

Falio coionatns, Itul.Orn.i. p. 4. Lin. Si/st,'u 124. Cm. Lin. v, 253. Daud.W. W. 

S/iuw''s '/ool. vii. l(i, 1. 10. 
Aquila Africaiuicristata, Bris.'u 448. /</. 8vo. 128. 
Crowiml Eagk', Gen, Syn.'u 27. Yw/ir. i)l.224. 




THIS is one-third less than a large Eagle ; not more than tw«» 
feet in length ; bill and cere ferruginous; irides orange red ; forepart 



wm 



FALCON. 



130 



of the head, and round the eyes wliitisli ; jdiiniage above brown, the 
feathers edged with pale brown ; lieneath white, spotted w ith bUu'k ; 
l»reast rufous, the siiles fasciated witli black ; tail deep grey, crossed 
with three or four bars of black ; legs feathered to the toes, which 
are bright oiange ; claws black. 

lMh<d)its Africa; not uncommon on the coast of Ciuinea, from 
whence one was brought alive to London, where it sm^ived for some 
time. Barbot, in his History of (iiiinea, gives a figme of this 1)ird,* 
and a similar one may be seen among the drawings of Mr. Dent. 
This is twenty-two inches long. In it the head and neck are yellowish 
white, inclining to brown behind, with here and there a marking of 
black on the .side of the neck. 



61.— OCCIPITAL EAGLE. 

Falco occipitalis, Ind. Orn. Sup. \>.\\\. Daud.'n. p. 40. •SViaitV Zoo/, vii. p.5S>. 

Le Hiipparil, Lrruill, Ois.l, pi. 2. 

Nisscr Tookoor, Black Ea^le, lirucc^s Trav. Ap,t.\^.\bQ} 

Occipital Eagle, den. Syn, Sup.W. p. 17. 



m 



THIS is more than three feet in length; bill pale blue; ])lumage 
in general dusky reddish brown, paler beneath ; the middle of the 
outer wel)s t)f the greater quills white, forming a patch on the wing; 
base of the tail mixed brown and white, the ends dark brown, and the 
shape rounded; quills black, nearly as long as the tail; on the 
hindhead a crest of feathers, six or seven inches long, hanging 
gracefully behind ; legs covered with short, pale, yellow <lown, 
quite to the toes. The female is larger, and the crest smaller, with 
some markings of white about the eyes and top of the head. 

* (JhurchilV$ Voyugcs, 
T2 



:\ 



140 



FALCON. 



Tliis is found at Guiana, and other parts of South America, and 
is content to feed on liares, partridges, and smaller game; has a raj>id 
fiiyht, and generally seen in pairs, the two sexes together. It makes 
the nest on trees, lined with wool and feathers, and lays two pale 
eggs, spotted with red brown ; has a plaintive cry, uttered at 
intervals. 

We have had doubts whether to place the Black Eagle of Bruce 
M ith this, or the Vtdturine Species, or whether to set it down as 
distinct ; it resemldes the last named in colour, but is smaller than 
either, being only 2 ft. 4 in. long, an<l 4j feet in breadth, weighing 
scarcely five pounds. The feathers of the head elongated into a crest 
of considerable length, which is said to l)e carried erect. In this bird, 
too, the cere is yellow, and reaches from the bill to the eyes. 
approaching to the V^idture, and forming a link between that and 
the Eagle. It was met with in 1770, at Dinglebar, among a cloud 
of Vultures and o+her birds of prey, following the army in Abyssinia, 
and was struck down l)y one of these, by which it fell untler Mr. 
Brace's inspection. It seems, however, rather to coincide with the 
Occipital s[>ecies, having, like that, some white on the inner quills. 

Mr. Briu'e's bird was likewise met w ith at Tsai, in Abyssinia, by 
Mr. Salt, who observes, that the drawing is correct, but that in its 
habits it more resembles an Hawk than an Eagle, for it perches on 
the tops of trees, and on Ijeing driven from one tlies to another.* 

• Valentiu's Travels, iii. p. 72. 



I I 



FALCOV. 



]41 



fii— VULTURTNE EAfJLE. 

Fiilco viiltiirimis, IikL Orn. Sup. \>.\\. Ddiidiii, U. p,M. SItiiw's Zoul. \u. \t.bS. 
Lft'afirc, Lcruitl. Oif.i. p.'iS. \AM. /t/. To;;. Fr. ud. 8vo. p. 'iSo, 
(lyi'iii'tf, Tern. M(tu. eil.2i\. Anal. p. xlviii. 
>'iiltiiiiiic Kai^lf, f.'(«. .S'//H. Siiii. 11. p. !-'^, 



THIS equals the (jJokleii Eayle ill size, with a stronij bill, the 
base dusky; iricles cliestuut brown ; })bimage in general bhick ; the 
wings, when closed, reach eight indies beyond the tail, the end i>t' 
w hich is rounded, the outer feather being shorter than the rest, liut 
is usually daniageil from rubbing again.st the rocks, on which it 
perches ; legs covered for three parts of the lengtli, >\ith dirty 
yellow feathers. It has afHnity in its manners with some of the 
A'ulture genus, but tlie head is wholly covered with feathers. 

Inhabits CatTraria, but is rare ; feeds on dead carcases, and of 
course greatly offensive ; it will also attack sheep, and devour them 
on the spot, excejit such a portion as may be necessary for its young, 
w liicli it brings to them in its claws ; in which it differs from the true 
V^ulture, which is said to disgorge the nutriment it supplies to its 
young. From the peculiar length of wing it rises with difficulty from 
the ground. 

The natives call it 8tront-Vogel, or Aas-Vogel, dung, or carrion 
bird. 



142 



FALCON. 



63— MARTIAL EAGLE. 

Fiilco hellicosus, Ind. Orn. \. p.9. Daud.v. p. 38. 

iinni^tT, Shuw Zool. vii. 57. 
Le GriH'anl, Lfvail. Oh. i. pi. i. 
Miirtiul Eagle, Gen.Syn.Sup. ii. p. 10. 

SIZE of an e.igle — weight from 25 to 30 pounds ; breadth 7jft. 
Bill moderately curved and jiale ; irides bright hazel ; plumage 
brown, the edges of the feathers paler, with a mixture at the nape 
of the neck ; under parts nearly white ; quills black, reaching three- 
fourths on the tail, which is even at the end ; legs pale, and feathered 
to tlie toes. 

The female is 12in. longer than the male. 

Inhabits Africa, frequenting the great Namaqua, lat. 28, chiefly 
inhabited by whites ; preys on antelopes, hares, &c. and in its turn 
is attacked by crows and vultures to deprive it of the prey ; is mostly 
.seen in pairs, and makes a flat nest, of large sticks, on the tops of 
liigh trees, and of such compact structure, as to bear the weight of a 
man to stand firmly upon it ; the part lined with dried leaves, moss, 
and other soft materials, and may serve for many years. Tliis bird 
will sometimes l)uild the nest upon a rock ; has a sharp cry, to be 
heard far ofl". It is a high flyer, sometimes mounting upwards so as 
to be nearly out of sight. 






i 






FALCON. 



143 



Ol.—NOISY EAGLE. 

Falco albescens, Ind. Orn, Sup. p. iv. Daud, ii. 45. Shaw Zool. til. 93. 
Aigle l»laiichnr(l, Lfivail. Ois.\. pi. iii. 
Noisy Eaf^le, Gen. Si/n. Sup. ii. ]). 21. 



THIS is about one-third as larjjfe as the Martial Eagle— is more 
elongated, and smaller than most Eagles. The bill pale ; irides and 
legs yellow ; plumage in general white, soft, and spotted with black 
brown; the tail barred with black, l>nt the female more mixed with 
brownish yellow, especially on the wing coverts. The male has 
the feathers of the hin«l-head elongated into a crest; the female is 
also crested, but the feathers shorter, tlumgh in bulk that sex exceeds 
the male by one-third ; the tail is rather long, and the wings, when 
closed, reach to al)oiit the middle of it. 

Iidiabits the Cape of (jJood Hope, fretpients forests, prefers the 
largest trees, and has hitherto been only found in the country of the 
Ilottniquas — preys cliieHy on the wood pigeon,* from which it first 
tears the feathers ; sometimes on a small species of antelope, called by 
the Hottentots .yomctjes. The cry consists of several sharp sounds, 
tpiickly repeateil, somewhat similar to cri-qni-qui-qui-(iui, and when 
perched on a tree, spending whole hours in repeating this, though in 
a tone of voice seemingly weak in proj)ortion to the size of the bird. 
The nest is for the most part on high trees, and the eggs the size of 
tiiose of a turkey, two in number, and white — both sexes sit in turn. 

* Le RiiiniLi- Riiineron^X,<'i'u«7. Afr, G. 07. pl.2C4— or spotted ring pigeon. 



r 



144 



FALCON. 



03 -NOBLE EAGLE. 




TIILS bird is 3 ft. in length. — Bill large, from f lie nape to tlie 

ti|) 2 in. colour yellow brown, with a very trifling notch hi the usual 

place; cere broad, extending to the eyes, and just encircling them ; 

irides yellow hazel; head rather full of feathers, dark brown, fringed 

with pale at the ends, the rest of the upper ])arts much the same ; 

besides which, the coverts have a pale streak down the shafts ; all the 

inider parts from the throat tawny bufl-colour, mottled on the throat 

and breast ; belly, thighs, and vent marked w ith numerous, roundish, 

ash-coloured spots, .smaller below ; the feathers of the thighs cover 

half the legs, which are yellow ; tail black, of twelve feathers, crossed 

about an inch and a half from the end, w ith a bar of white of the 

same breadth — the end also is white, and all the feathers pointed at 

the tips. 

Inhabits India ; dra>vii from the life and si/e from a bird in the 

possession of Mr. Place ; the description taken from the drawings of 

Gen. Hardwicke, made at Cawnpore. 

It would seem that this bird was used in Falconry, as it had 
leathers on the legs with a cord attached, and .sitting on a perch — 
though it was probably so drawn, from being confined thus, and 
kept tame. 

We have observed a specimen of this bird, in which there were 
spots, instead of a pale streak down the shafts of the wing coverts. 



lis. 



*^p 



FALCON. 



14.5 



66— CIIEELA EAGLE. 

FiiUri <^hwlu, Iiid.Orn.y, p. 14. Dinid.W. p. 44. Shaw's ZuuL \\\. p. 09. 
{'Iii«.l;i Fiilfon, Gen. Sijn. Sup, p.3.'3. 



LENGTH two feet or more, and .stout in bulk ; bill blue at the 
base, with a black tip; iride.s pale yellow; plumage deep brown; 
before the eyes marked with white; head feathers somewhat 
elongated ; wing coverts s[)otted with white ; quills dark ; tail the 
.same, crossed with a bar of white, Hin. in breadth ; thighs and belly 
paler than the upper parts, the first spotted with white ; legs pale 
yellow, scaly; claws black. 

This is not imcommon in India, and called Cheela. In a 
drawing of one of these, I observe the wing coverts without spots ; 
cere and irides yellow ; plumage <leep brown, paler beneath ; the 
feathers of the hiiidhead and neck lengthened into a soil of tuft, 
fringed at the end with white ; breast, belly, thighs, and vent, marked 
with roundish spots, each suiTounded, or slightly margined with 
l)lack ; tail short, crossed in the middle with a broad cream-coloured 
bar, and with paler coloured spots on the margin. These are pro- 
bably allied to the Noble Eagle. 



VOt. I. 



U 




140 



FALCON. 



I', 



G7.— 3IAIUTLME EAGLE. 

I'alco innritiinus, 7«f/. Orn. i. p. 20. 6'wi. Lin. i. 2G0. i>((«f/. ii. CO. Lichtcnb, Mm^. 

\\, '2. |i. <). Shiin-'i Zoiil. v;i. \'u. 
.Muritiiiiu Fali'on, GVh. Si/n, Sup. '1. \>. "i."). 



LEXfiTJI iiiu-eitain ; height, stimdiiig-, lit. 5 in. liill iiiiii 
cere yellow ; the body ami end ot' the tail white; thighs whiti^iji and 
pule rediuixed; the colours of the rest ot" the phiuiuge not inentioiu-ii. 

Inhabits the bortlere of the sea in the Island oi" Java, aiid teeds 
on fish and carrion. 



68.— FIEUCE EAGLE. 



\i'' 






hit. ftt 



Falco ferox, //if/. Orn. i. |). 13. G'w. Liii, 1. 200. Daud, ii. p. 50. 
Fiilto astracanus, Shaw's Zoo/, vii. So. 
Accipiti^rferox, A'^. C. Pelr. xv. -1'22. t. 10. Gint-lin. 
Fitrce F2as>li', Gen. Si/n. i. p. .'J:J, 

THIS is nearly the size of the Golden Eaule. Bill lead-colour, 
cere green; irides \ellow ; eyelids and pupils blue; over the eyes 
hairs like eyebrows : plumage above ferruginous brown, with a 
mixture of white on the crown and hindhead ; fore |)ai't of the ncrlv 
ferniginous, varied in the same manner with white ; breast and belly 
white, spotted with chestnut; (juills black, within brown and white, 
beneath white, tow aids the ends grey ; wing coverts paler tJiau the 



FALCON. 



147 



hmlv, siM>tte(l with f« rniuiiKms foruanis, and wliite beliiiul ; tail 
hrowii ; the featliers on the |K»steiH>r si<le \vhit«s la^iatetl witli (our 
Heep brown bands ; nunp m hitish ; legs white, thick, and ronifh ; 
rlaws crooked. 

Inhabits the neigh})onrhood of Astnichan, is remarkably fierce 
and voracions, and will scunetiuies prey on dead animals as well as 
livinu ones. 



CO.— PONDICIIERRY EAGLE. 

Falco ix>nticeriiinus, Ind. Orn. i. p. 2:). Gm. Lin. i. 2(35. Bris. i. 450. t. 35. Id. 8vo. 

129. Duud.W. \\bb. ,>7inu'i Zoo/, vii. p. 1)1. 
Ai-rle (If Pondidierry, Buf. i. 1;J(). PI. enl. 41(). 
Aigle Miilabiirro, Ess. Fhilus. \>. 55, 
I'oiuliirherry Eafi^le, Gen. i>i/». i. p. 41, /(/. Sup. p. 12. Id. Sup. 2. p. 32. Nut. 

Misc. 389. 



LENGTH 19 in.-breadth 3 i ft.— size of the Jeifalcon. Bill 
pale green, with a tinge of blue, tip yellow ; cere bluish ; irides pale 
brown ; colour of the body chestnut, shafts of the feathers blackish ; 
head, neck, and breast white, with aline of brown down the middle 
of each feather* — the end half of the first six quills black ; tail 7h in. 
long, the six middle feathers pale fulvous at the tips, the three others, 
on each side, with narrow blackish bands on the inner webs; legs 
yellow, claws black. 

Some specimens have darker tail feathers, plain, w ithout any 
perceptible bands, being merely dusky on the outer margins. 

* That figured iu the Aat. Misc. has no brown lines down tlie shafts. 

U 2 




148 



FALCON. 



f i' 



Iiiliahits tlie East Iiulies, cliiefly about Poncliclierry. It is 
esteemed a sacred bird on the (;(»asts of Malabar and Contniandel, and 
<;alled by some the Mahibar Kau;le, and having the manners of the 
kite, has obtained the names of IJraniany-Kite, in compbance with 
tJie respect paid to it by the liramins of India. The natives of Hin- 
dustan call it Tchil — and at ]k*n,u'al, Sunk-Tchil, also Kueronden — 
besides which, I tin<l other names <^iven to it in India, viz, Khem- 
C'alyani andCshamancari* — said to reuuunat Bengal the whole year, 
living on iish, frogs, snakes, iJce. It is less wild than many of the 
genus, but never so bold as Ut pick up tilth in the streets. I3niMs 
both in the villages and forests, and lays two or three eggs in March 
or April — the young Hy in June. We learn, that it is no where 
more fre(|uent in India than at a noted grove, called Pop-Toj)e, a 
few miles distant from St. Thomas, -f 

In the temples of the God Vishnnw, in front of his image, and 
sometimes sitting on a ser[)ent with several heads, is a tigure of the 
binl called Garroora. This is a large brown kite, with a white head, 
and probably meant to represent this Eagle. It is .said that the 
Bramius, at some of the temples of this God, accustom birds of this 
kind to come at stated times to be fed, calling them to their meals 
by striking a brass j)late. % 

One of these, among the drawings of Gen. Ilardwicke, had the 
names of Keu-Keraan, (bird cat<;hers name) Cheym-Kullee, also 
Rutey-Cheel. The word Cheel .seems to have a comnu>n meaning, 
perhaps that of Hawk ? 

Dr. Horsfield met with this bird in Java, where it is called 
Ulung.§ 



U-: 



: \:.\ 



* Sir J. Anstruther's drawings— one in Lord Valentia's drawings called Cullcarii. 
t Ten miles distant from Miidnis, Penn. View of Hindoost. ii, p. 90. 
X Sketches of the Hindoos, 8vo. 175)0. p. 155. 
§ Lin. Trans, v. xiii, p. 136. 



n 



FALCON. 



149 



70.-niDO EAGLE. 

Fiiko Biilo, Lin. Trans, xiii. p. 1:)7. Horsliild. 

LENGTH from 21 t«» 2(5 in. —Bill strait at tlie base, otlimvise 
ureatly bent; cere broad; nostrils oblonp^, placed obli(niely. — 
Plumage in general brown ; (;ro\vn of the head black, at the back 
part the feathers white at the base ; (jnills black, the first very sliort, 
the thinl and fifth equal in leni^th, but the fourth the longest — all of 
them banded with white on the inner webs; tail longish, rounded, 
black, crossed with a broad white band ; under wing coverts, belly, 
vent, and thighs, spotted with white ; legs longish ; thighs scjuain- 
mose, at the base downy ; claws rather long ; middle an«l hind toe 
stiMit, equal in length, the outer one very short ; the wings shorter 
than the tail. 

Inhabits Java, and called Bido. 



71— BROWN-BACKED EAGLE. 



SIZE of an Eagle. — Bill short and blue ; cere livid ; between 
Ihat and the eye covered with cinereous hairy feathers ; head and 
neck ferruginous, or reddish clay-colour ; forehead and chin chocolate 
brown ; the rest of the plumage, from chin to vent, back, and wing 
coverts, fine chocolate brown ; on the scapulars a mixture of white in 
patches; quills much darker than the rest; thighs and legs covere<l 



n 



i 



m 










1>0 



FALCON. 



to iuv toes with feathers; vent nitons wl'ite ; tail very little lon<;er 
than tlie winus, pale grey, crossed with ti\e or six narrow dnsky bars, 
cliietly on the onter webs, bntin the tvv«» middle leathers on both webs, 
the end tor one inch hlaek. 

Inhabits India — Sir J. Anstrulher. 



;if • 



A. — In this the bill is Idne, m ith a blaekish tip ; crown an«l 
hindheadbay; tbrehead, chhi, back, wini^s, belly and legs choco- 
late brown ; on the scapulars a mixture ot" white ; tail greyish, 
crossed with blackish liands, that near the end broadest ; tips of the 
feathers })ale ; legs feathered to the toes, which are yellow ; claws 
bJafk. 

Inhal)its the neigldjouriiood of Calcutta, and there called Frt^oss, 
but is not common — ])r. liuchanan. 

One among thedra' ings of Gen. Ilardwicke ([)robab]y this) was 
'2 it. Sorbin. Bill j)ale blue, tip black ; cere large and jiale ; top 
ol' the In ad, neck behind, and sides, ilusky brown', h white; chin, 
throat, and all the under ])arts, also the back and wings, dee]> 
( liocohite brov.ii, a little mottled; on the beginning of the back, a 
patch of white; \'ent cinereous; tail dirty ash-c<ilour, with five or 
more irregular dusky bars, and the ei.ds of the feathers, for Ii in. or 
more, dink or dusky ; thighs covered with feathers reaching below 
tile knees, the rest downy to the toes, uliich are strong and yellow ; 
("laws black. The wings reach to three-fourths of the tail. 

Inlia])its India. — Described from one taken at Futtehguhr. Jan. 
I7yb'. The name given to the m de, Raaj — the temale, Oakaab. 

Another of these, called the male Oakaab, is of the same size- 
Head, neck, brcjast, and under parts, brown, witli long streaks of 
dusky, pale yv.llow, those on the head and thvoat, much smaller, 
more numercus, and njirrower; back brown, most of the feathers 



X ;^. 



FALCO\. 



151 



nitli pale ends, nppearinc; as spots, tonniun' a regular series at tlit- 
(Muis of tlie i^reater coverts, and second (piills ; tlie u,"eater and outer 
ed,i>,e of tile '.vint!^ black ; tliiiilis and vent plain hutJ-colour, the 
feathers reacliiiiii,' beyond the joint — the rest of th'. leirs downy ; hus 
yellow; under parts of the tail pale brownish 

The nest is lari;e, made of sticks, v.iid lined witli soft sirass ; 
the voung, two in number. Those <\und in a nest at Vntt<hi;nhr, 
were covered only with \\hite down, and quite to the toes — JJil! black; 
cere pale; lore pale bhie ; toes '<esh-colour. 

Til the sajne dras\infts i . one nearly similn", — 2 ft. 8 or f)in. — 
lieneral colour brown, t'le fathers v/ith [)aler margins; place ol the 
bastard wing white ; greater (;overts antl se«'on<l quills dusky, with 
pale flesh-coloured ends; great fnnlls1)lack; vent and tail coverts 
white ; tail black ; tip pale or vvliite ; the wings reach three-Comths 
on the tail ; legs feathered to the toes, with brown leathers ; bill deep 
blue black; cere, nape, and legs, yellow. 



72.— KT;MPA->rAl R EACiLE. 



LENGTH 22 in. ; l.readth 2ft. 5in. Hill bhuk and stout, but 
with >;carcely any appearance of a noth or j)rocess in the upper 
nii.ndible ; cere cinereuus; head dirty while, the fiittluis pointxi. 
stitt', with black .shafts; upper jwrts of the body, and wings, dark 
brown ; breast ferruginous; tail vhiie. rather short, the ti|i)s and 
edges of the feathers inclining to ash-col(»ur ; quills dusky, anti the 
wing-s, whesi close<l, reacli to the end of the lail , legs stout, pah- 
yellow, and the leiitlnrs of the thigliK long, extendijig a consideialde 
way rHi tlu' shins ; <laws black. 

Inhabits India, calle<l Kuuipa-AIaur. — Dr. Bnchanan. 



>; 'nil 
:' -'I 



i:-! 



1.V2 



FALCOX. 




■■■ ■'! 



73— KOORl L EAGLE. 



THIS bird is 2 ft, 10 in. lonj; — from tlie head to the .sole of tlie 
toot, 1 ft. 7 ill. and to the end of the hill 3 in. Bill bine; cere pale; 
lore the .same; pininiige in genenil brown, the feathers margined 
\\\X\\ rnfous ; the wing coverts darker ; from the nape a broad patch 
of black, passing l)eneath the eye almost to the hindhead ; chin 
nifons white; quills and tail black, the last .short; some of the larger 
coverts and second quills mixed with white ; legs rough, deep yellow ; 
feathered below the knee ; claws black. 

In a second of these the feathers were wholly brown, without 
rufous margins ; the patch on the sides of the head dusky, not quite 
black; chin pale, but not white; belly and vent brownish white; 
quills and tail dark brown. 

Inhabits Tndia by the name of Koorul — A fine drawing of the 
above was, among others, in Sir J. Anstruther's possession, and is 
pi'obably not yet de.scribed — has much the appearance of the Black- 
Cheeked Eagle. 



74.— JERWIED EAGLE. 

THIS is a large species. Bill and claws black ; cere and toes 
yellow; general colour of the plumage dusky black; beneath 
darker ; some of the wing coverts marked with white at the tips ; 
quills and tail dark, and all but the two middle feathers marked with 
nine or ten paler coloured spots on the outer margins ; thighs and 
legs feathered to the toes, the margins of all the feathers paler. 

Inhabits India, and there called Jerwied. 



\mm 



FALCON. 



153 



75.— C AWNPOIJE M\G LE. 



LENTiTH 27 or 28 im-lies; bill liii-no, stron.if, black, at tlu; 
base pale blue; cere yellow; iritles brown ; general colour of the 
plumage wholly dee]> <!hocolate brown ; <(uills antl tail darker, both 
plain without any markings ; the wing <overt.s each marked \\ ilh 
a pale spot at the tips ; the ends of the greater coverts pule, and a 
few solitary pale spots on the thighs; legs covered with down to 
tlie toes, which are pale yellow ; claws black. 

Inhabits In<lia ; frecpients Caw)iporc, met with there in Ja- 
nuary. One similar, the same in si/e, had the bill, cere, and 
irides as in the other; the general colour ot" the plumage paler 
brown, but the under parts, tVoni the breast, incline to ash-colour; 
the nape, and neck behind, as also on the sides of the neck and 
breast, marked with spots of white; the second wing coverts darker 
than the lesser, margined with pale brown; (juills and tail dark, or 
du.sky black, the last without any markings; the quills reach to 
within an inch and a luilf of the end ol'the tail; Iei>s vellow. — .Met 
with at Cawnpore, in Novend»er. 

In a third, the size, bill, irides. and legs correspond with the 
two former — general j)lumage line jiale tawny ash ; feathers of the 
head and neck somewhat narrow and pointe<l; on each of the wing- 
coverts a black line down tin; shaft ; greater wing co\erts dusk\ , with 
tawny ends: <|uills and tail vtry dark, or dusky bla<k ; the uji[ter 
tail C(»verts, vent, and under parts somewhat paler than above. 

Found at Cawnpore in 3Ia> ; iVom a comparison of the above 
three birds witli each (jtlier, they seem to be allied; and, iris pro- 
bable, that the tirst described is the atlult. 






VOL. I. 



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FALCOX. 



T(j— CHINESE EAfjILE— Pl. VIII. 

Falio siiuiisis, fiid. Ont. i. I:.'. Ciii. Lin. i. '2<)4. Dmul, ii. 51. SItaw's Zool. vii. SS. 
I'liiiicsc Eat^li', C'i'it. S;/ii. i. -io. pi. '<i. 



5 ' 

i ;■ 
i I 



THIS is of ji lari;>} size; bill hooked, black; cere yelK>\v ; 
iii<Ies brown ; ]>lmnai>c in general retldish brown; toj) ot" the Ijead 
uiisky, the t'eatliers darker on tlie e<l,yes ; across the nii<UUe of the 
winj;- a dark brown 1)road bar; quills of the .same colour; base, 
middle, and end of the tail dark brown ; all the under parts of the 
body yellowish bnrt-<;oIour, from chin to vent; legs stout, yellow; 
claws black. 

Inhabits China. I owe the description and drawing of this 
biid to my late friend, Thomas Pennant, Esq. who originally had 
it from Taylor A\ hite, Ks([. 

I have also observed a bird, which probably varies only in age 
or se\, in a colle(.'tion of drawings exhibitetl for sale, man} years 
since, in King-street, ('ovent-Garden. This was crested ; tJie 
crest composed of ash-coloured and black feathers intermixed; bill 
l)lack ; irides pale yellow ; sides of the head, round the eye, ash- 
cohtur ; back and wings deep chocolate brown, the feathers edged 
with vellow ; w inus and fail as in the other bird ; as also the 
inider parts, but the breast and belly somewhat blotched with 
dusky, or dark brown; edge of the wing ferruginous and black 
mixed. 

The last was drawn of the natmal si/e, which was that of an 
eagle, but whence tlie original came, not mentioned. 



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77— IJAUJ VAdUi. 



SIZE uucertiiiii ; l)ill hiack : cere dusky; hides dark; liead. 
jicrkj ami uiuler parts Mliile, streaked m ith fine lines <it" l)r<»\vn on 
the top of the head, and sides of the hint's ; upper parts of tlie 
phimatre brown, the featliers niaruined Avith |)ah-r brown ; <|uills 
dusky bla«'k, and reach half May on the tail, which is crossed with 
seven narrow dusky bars, one of them near the end ; legs covered 
with white down as far as the toes, whioli are yellow; claws black, 
but not very hooked. 

Inhabits In<lia, and called Bauj or IJauze,* at Benual ; liut at 
Hindustan known by the name of Sundul. — Dr. Buchanan. 



78 —ASIATK EAGLE. 

Fiiko ;i!>iut'i(us, Ind. Orn. i. 14. Slmiv's Zonl. vii. 1G8. 
Asiatic liagle, (.Vh. Si/ti. Skjj. \i. .Jl. 



LENGTH 21 inche> r and, at first a])pearance, not indike the 
Buz/ard ; bill bluish ; breast creani-colotu' , dashed down tlie s]«at'ts 
of the feathers Avith dusky black ; belly, thighs, and vent ^^^^''.^ : 
quills grey, barred dusky and l)iack on the secondaries; ba .huil 



* Thf Ciojiruvk IS also known by tliib luiine, 
X '2 



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wiiiii- aiul liieater covnts tlie siime ; tail f),} in. lony, rounded at tlie 
• lid, colour pah' silvery <;i'( y ; on llu- outer iVatheis ti^c or six irn- 
tiular dusky bars, or l)l<»l(li«'s, <louu tlu- sliat'ts, but indistinct, tlie 
others plain ; upper coverts white ; legs yellow, leathered before 
l)«flo^v the j«(int. 

Inhabits China. — Sir Joseph IJanks. 



7-2.— 1 Isr.ING FALCON. 




Fiilco Piscutor, Iii(l.l)ni.\, 4.'J. (,'111. I.iii.'i. 27!). Slunc's Zool. \\\. l.'iS. 
I.f T;iiia>, Fauiiiii-|)r(lifiir, lUiJW. '27.}. PI. till. -I'S. Damp, Vuif. 'n\, 318. 

Fi^liiiiLT Fiili'iM, (I'tii. Si/ii.\. !)•!>. 



LEMiTII 20in<>hes; bill 1:1 in. .stout, yellow, .swellinc: at tlu- 
ba.se, but without a cere; in shape like that of other Falcons, but 
less curved, except at the point; and scarcely notched, except just at 
the end; nostrils a slit lu^ar the base; at the back » the hea<l 
a consj)icuous full cre.st, composed of feathers, some 2 in. m lenuth : 
colour of the head, crest, neck, aiul breast ferruginous ]>rown ; irest 
leathers narrow, with j)ale edsres; wing coverts brownish dove-c<donr, 
with dark .shafts, giving the appearance of streaks; (piills bluish 
brown, the first not half the length of the others, the fourth longest; 
all of them marked within, mostly from the l)a.se, largely with white; 
back paler brown, with dark streaks down the shafts; bfueath from 
the breast dirty white, .streaked with brown ; thighs and muler w ii»g 
<overts the .same ; tail long, often feathers, rather roun<led, J).} in. 
in length ; two middle ones l)rown with dark ends, the others dusky 
l)lack ; the thigh feathers hang a little below the joint be;<>re — legs 
dee[> brow n, moderately stout ; claws hooked. 



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157 



One of these in the (jollertioii of Lord Stanley furnished the 
;d^o^e (hseiiption, and seems to lie tlie same hird witli that formerly 
(lescrihed as the Afrieau Pheasant^'-' — tin- want of cere, it is true, uives 
less alliance to tlie Fal('(»n (ienus, but the .shape of the hill is that of 
the Falcon; nor has it any bareness about the sides of the head to 
rank it MJth the pheasant, addcil to hayini; only ten tail feathers; 
^vhereas, the tail in the last licnus is composed of a niucli i;reater 
niunber. — As to the fiuure in pi. ciil. the <olours are just, but tht? 
tail is nut half of the proper lenuth, nor is the crest at all expressed, 
and may mean to represent aditieicnt bird. 

Inhabits Senegal — and is probably that kno\vn by the name of 
Tanas; it differs somewhat from most of the Falcon tribe, as it fe<tls 
more ofteii on fish than other pre\, takinuthem out of the water in 
the manner of the Osjirey. It is said not to sw.illow the lish wiiole, 
but retiring to a conyenient place, to eat it j)eice-meal. 



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80— HEM. A L OSPUEY. 

SIZE of the common Os[)rey. Bill black; cere blue; iridcs 
yellow, head full of feather- which maybe erected at \yill ; these 
are whitish, .streaked with bnnvn ; through the eye, to below the 
the nape, a broad, brow u tilhf ; n. <k behind, back, wings, and 
tail, deep brown, the last marked on the outer webs of the feathers 
with obscure paler spots ; all beneath from chin to vent white, with a 
bar of brown spots on the breast; (^uills black, and when closed reach 



I ii HI, 



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somcwiiat Im'voihI the tail ; Iciis pale blue; claws black, large, and 
booked. 

Inha1)ils Incba ; called at Ilindiisfau. ^Miitcli-Afoonira^ur, by the 
n»nuales(', Itidlah — round also in ihe province ot' Oude, and there 
'"died .Miulrctoh. 



81 — l»ISriVOR()US EAGLE. 

I'alcn vocifi r, /»(/. Oni. Sit]), p. vi. Levuil. Ois. i. pi. 4. Duttd. \\. p. 04. Shaw's 

'/.mil. vii. p. 04. 
Aitrlc iiiiiii'tti', (idht/ Vay. en Xii^ritif. 
l*is( ivtirims Kiiylo, (icit. Si/n. Siij). 2. p. !)3» 



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SIZI'i and make of the Ospivy ; extent ot' wings 8 ft. ; bill lead- 
c(»lour; below that and the eye naked and yellow, e\<.*ept a tew 
hairs; iiidcs red brown; head, neck, breast, and sj'apulars, white, 
rdgrd with brown; on the breast a tew black brown spots; tail A\hite; 
the rest ot" the i)luniaue rusty brown, streaked with diniiv black, 
inclining to terruginous on the coverts ; (juills black, with lines of 
rul'ous and bhu'k crossing the outer webs; lower parts of the back 
and rump mixed black and dirty white; lower belly and thighs deep 
rufous; legs nake«l and yellow ; the wings when closed, reach to the 
end of the tail. The female is more dull in colour. 

[idiabits the more inward j)arts of the Cape of Good Hope ; 
most common about Lagoa IJay; called at the Cape, Groote Vis- 
vanger or A\'itte Vis-vanger, as it feeds on tisli, descending upon them 
in the manner of the Osprey; said also to feed on young antelopes, 
as >vell as th«' great li/ards ; common in the African rivers ; the nmle 



FALCON'. 



l.'>9 



ami rtiuale art rarely m^h apart; they Imild on tlie top of tnts, or 
on rocks, ami lav two or three white etri^s. ]Jy some railed the Cry- 
inir Kaifle. as it flies hi.uh ami eries londly, to he heard tar off: is 
very tlilHeidt to he shot, as it is a shy hird. It seems allied hoth 
to the Pondieherry Eagle, and the Osprey. 



8-2.-BL AGUE EAGLE. 

F;il<<> IM;i;;r\i<!, /«</. Orti. Siiji. |i. vii. Daud. li. [>. 70. Shaw's Zool. vii. p. tMi. 
!.»• lllii<rre, Levuill. Ois, i. pi. •'>. 
LlaiftL" Falcon, Ceii. St/ii. Sup. '2. p, 34. 



w 



SIZE ami liabit of the Osprey; hill brownish; irides ileep 
brown; head, neck, and parts beneath, j;lossy white; bnt the top of 
the head, and hind part of tin." neck imjine to brown ; hsser winu 
cu\erts and tail pale grey brown, and the en<l of the last white; 
greater qnills dnsky black; second ijnills like- the rest of the wing ; 
the feathers lor the most part verv ri^id ; lei^s yellow. 

This bird inhabits the internal parts of tiie Cape of Ciood IIopp. 
bnt is oidy .seen ou the borders of rivers, which it fre(|uents tor thr 
sake of tish, takini^ them in the manner of the Osprey, by pliniging 
into the water ; its sight .seems to be very piercing, at it will very 
freqnently descend at once from a height in the air, where it i>< 
scarcely visible, into the water, after its prey. 




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83 — :\rAlU\E EACiLE. 



I';il((. I<litliyiitus, Liii. Tritiis. xiii. p. lU(i. Ilorsliild. 

LEN(iTII '2lt. liu.; hill lony, liookod, in sliape not unlike 
llial ot tin- Os|»i«\ ; nostrils liu'iir ; «<iv uitli ii \\w hairs on tlie 
si«l«'.s ; plmnaiie in piural hrownisli ; (juills Jeep brown; head 
u:rev; ehin \\hitisli; neek hrownisli irrev ; l)reast and helly pale 
ferrn^inons hrown ; lower part of the latter, the vent, and X\\\'^\\s 
w hite : tail dnskv at the fin. 



feirn^inons l>rown ; lower part 
w hite ; tail dnsky at the tip. 

Inhabits Java, called Jokowurii. 



84— NEW ZEALAND EACiLE— Pl. T\. 

I';.l< <. \..vif Zt;,liiu(liii-, Ind. Orn. i. 28. Cm. Lin. i. 'JfiS. Ihnul. ii. 104. Shnw'i 

■/.',ol. vil. 15!). 
Ntw Zf.iliiiicl I'ali'uii, (ifit. Si/n, i. p. 57. |il. 4. IViiialt.' .' 



LENCiTIl 17 or 18 inches; liill one in. nineh einarijinated, 
dark bine or black ; cere yellow; irides bine; in each nostril a lobe 
or division ; crown and cheeks brown; the npper parts of the body 
the same, with whitish IkuuIs towards the rnni]), mixed with ferrn- 
iiin<»ns; cpiills <lnsky bhick, spotted on the inner web of the outer, 
and on l)oth webs of the inner ones with white; under parts of the 
body dirty reddish white, dashed <lown the middle of each feather 
with dusky l)lack ; belly and vent ferruginous; the sluifts of the 



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iVatliers lilark ; tail rufous bruwu, marked ou eadi side of the shafts 
with oblique bars of white, five or six at least, but iioue of theni 
lourhiu<i: the shaft; the euil, for near au in(.*h, plaiu rufous brouu ; 
le^s yellow. 

Tile ti -male is 2>iiu. in U'Uiflh ; bill, rere, and irides the siuue ; 
the plumage ou the upper parts de»*p browu, with a few transverse 
pale markiuifs; beneath dusky white, with broad dashes of brown : 
sides of the belly, and thiifhs iueliuiuLC to ferrutrinous, dashed with 
brown; vent pale yellow, with the .s;une brown markings; tail 
taseiated transversely with v\ hite, but the markings less conspicuous. 

The youn^ bird «lirters, liaviuifu few loniritudinal pale streaks 
on the neck; the bo<ly plain brown, or very little marked; and the 
tail without bars, though the euti is very pale, approachin:; to white. 

Inhabits New Zealaiul ; found in Que^Mi Charlotte's ]iiiy ; has 
the appearance of a Vulture about the head and neck, and the 
t'eathers of the latter loose and wavin*;, nor is the binl. when adidt. 
.xo well clothed about the eyes, as the Falcons in «;eneral. lIo\\- 
ever, Dr. Forster a.s.sured nu^ that the manners are entirely those of 
the Falcon, and was of opinion, that the one fi«fured in the Synopsis 
v\as ayouny;, and incomplete bird. Two of the alx»ve were broujifht 
from New Zealand, by Captain Clark, in 1775. 



85 — :JADAGASCAR FALCON 

Falco Madagascariensis, Daud.'w. 75. Shaw's Zool. y'li, 109. 
Autuur a ventre raye du Miula;ja<car, .S'oii. I'uy. Ind. li. pi. 103. 
Maduj^ascur Falcon, lien. Syti. Sup. p. 3*2. 

SIZE of a Pheasant. Bill black, curved from the liase; orbits 

naked, yellow, with a bare skin reaching from thence to the hind- 
voi.. I. Y 







162 



PALCOV. 



li«ii(I ; irides ytllow ; rrowii, iierk, lisu'k, and win^ roverts, pile 
<'iiien'oiis t;r«'y ; lj«r,u:er covfrfs inarkcd near the tips with hiark ; 
• luills white, barred within halfway Iriun th«' liasewith (hisky hlaek, 
the end halt* lihick ; benealli the winus striated wliite and hhiek : 
hreast, heliy and rnnip, uhit<-, marked with curved white hands ; 
tail Idaek, crossed about the middle with u white band, dotted with 
Idaek ; leijs yellow. 

Inhabits Madaurasear, railed, by the Frein*h, Aiurle-mye — t'nHn 
the bareness about the head, an<l the (;laws not bein^ jucreafly hooked, 
it minht ineline one to think it belonired to the Vultures. 



80. - () II I ENT A L FA LCON. 

I";il<ii Diuiitaliti, Iiiil. Out. i. 22. <ini. Lin. i. 'ICtA. Duud, w. TO. 
<Jiii iilal Uiiw k, (miii. Si/ii. t \i. '.U. •<•. 




LENf.TII 17 in. Hill larue, liooked, black; base beneath 
>el|(»w ; pluma,i;e above dark brown, most so on the head ; o\er the 
eve a streak of ferniuinons ; thii;hs and vent lianded with brown ; 
jpiills dark brown ; on the iimer webs oval spots of wliite, placed 
transversely, and an obscure dusky one of white on all l»ut the three 
tirst; tail 8in. hniu, the feathers marked witli ol)srure dirty white 
spots, from the base tx) within half an inch of the end, which is 
iliiskv ; leifs i)ale lead-colour. 

'J'he above tlew on board a ship near the coast of Japan. 



PA LION. 



uw 



87._j WAN TIAM K. 

Fiili'o .liiviiiiicns, IniLOrn. i 'J'l. (int. I.iii,\. 2(>-|, Duiid, u, 70. 
Juvaii llituk, (it'll. Si/n. I. -i !• *<1. 

IJ'NTi'rir 17 ill. Bill v<ll«»w, ^^ill^ Ji hlacK tin; ceiv v«:;llou ; 
iriiles pal*;; rurtluiul uliitr; ImmIv jiI)(»\«' iciMisli brown; \\\\\ix 
»o\>its incline to re»l, nith darker slial'ts ; nndfr w ini; rovrrts dirty 
reddish white, nnduhited with t'rrniginons ; (piills <1ark brown, 
within <lcen tm'nuinons, transNt-rsflv barred with black, end iicarK 
black; nape blotched with white, as in the Sparrow-hawk ; tail co\« rts 
tipped with white; throat and breast like the npper parts, bnt pahr; 
belly I'errtininons brown, barred with white; thinhs the san" , but 
paler; vent white ; tail brown, even, with five bands of black; the 
w inys reach to near the end ; leys yellow, stont ; inner claw laru(>it. 

Inhabits various parts ol" India, and probably in Java, one 
luninu tlown on .1 .shij) oti' that Island, 



88— TESTACEOUS FALCON. 

Fiilco tistuceiiN, IihI. Oni. Sup. p. vli. £)aiiil. il. 1'23. 
Testaceous Fiilcoii, (.'<«. Si/n. Sup. 2. p. 5(5. 



vSI/E of a Go.shawk ; length 21 in. Bill bluish ; cere, irides, 
and legs, yellow ; head, and all above, te.staceous brown ; .shafts of 
the feathers blatk ; throat and under parts white, tinged with 



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testareons on the bnast, ami from tlienre fo the vent with rHhli>>h 
brown ; vent whit»?; (|nills dusky, spolfrd white within ; tail erosMd 
with tive indistiiu-t ihisky )ian<ls ; beneath pale. 

Inhabits tin* Ish- of Java. tiiNt s«'en per<'he«l on a roek, s^'izinu 
snuill birds, whir'h passed within reaoh, and was by chanee killed 
with a stone. 



A.— Fuloo Jiivnnir\iii, Tnd.Orn.'x. 27. dm. Lin. i. 2rt?. Wurmb, apud Liehl, Mttg. 

iv. 2. 8. Dauil.ii. \7\. yhaw'i Zool. \u. ITi. 
Juvaii Fuk'oii, lifii, .S'y/i. Sup. 2. \>. 'M, 



The oere of this binl is Idack, marked with yellow in the 
middle; head, neck, an«l breast, che.stinit; back brown; legs yellow. 

Ihiiabits Java, said to feed on tish — probably a variety, if not 
the same as the last <lescribed. The three la.st seem to be allied. 



80.— LAKE 1 ALCON. 



Fnlco limna-etus, Lin. 7'rnw*. xiii. p. 138. Ilorsfu-ld. 



I. i 



SIZE nncertain; bill strongly curved, conipresse»l; edges of the 
mandibles in«Mirvated, the end of the lower obliquely truncate<l ; cere 
small, nostrils oval, transverse; plumage in general brown; tail 
beneath whitish a.sh ; the tirst quill short, second and third gradual ly 
longer, fourth and iitYh equal in length, the rest shortening by 
degrees; legs rather long, shins wholly covered with feathers ; claws 
small, all of them nearly equal in size. 



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IiiliuhitsJava; (^jille<l Wuni-rii>vji ; su|)postHl to he very mre, as 
it luLs been found but once at the extensive hikes, formed during the 
rainy season, in the southern parts of the Ishuid, where it feeds on 
fishes — never met with along the extensive northern sea coast. 



90.— rOHV FALCON.— Pl. X. 



LENGTH 13^ in.; bill and cere livid; near the end of the 
upper mandible two tooth-like processes; hea<l, neck, and inter- 
scapulary re«j^ion black ; at the nape a fine crest of linear feathers, 
about two inches long, growing l)roa«ler at the enils, which stand 
up, and the poip.ts incline forward ; the scapulars are white at the 
base, aflenvards fine chestiuit brown, and terminated with black ; 
the fore part of the breast, and hind part of the Jiack are white, that 
of the belly the same, with a broa<l rufous, or chestnut brown baml ; 
sides and fore part of the belly Jiarred with the same ; thighs, rump, 
and upper tail coverts black ; wing coverts black, with a greenish 
tinge, but a few next the scapulars resemble them in colour; ]»rimc 
• juills black, on the inner webs greenish ; second quills the same, but 
on the upper side of the outer vane chestnut brown ; the tertials black 
above, dusky below, brown on the upper side of the outer vane, near 
the base, and white towards the point ; tail ronndetl, five inches long, 
greeni.sh black, and the wings, when close<l, rea«;h to within half an 
inch of the end of it ; legs scaly, of an obsciue greeni.sli-«olour ; 
claws black. 

Inhabits India. A specimen of the above was caught at 
Barrackpore, and by most persons thought to be new, but the 



b^A;^ 



Vi; , 







IM 



PALCOX. 



Ket'pf^rs of the A>ijirv sav, that three or tour were received iVoiu a 
Hill C'hiet* a tew years sinre, aii<l that they were called Jitcrn- 
Sicrartt. The servants of the Nepal Vakeel thonuht that it is found 
ill their country, and called Hoylon ; hut a Nepalese servant of Dr. 
Ihicjiaiiaii observed, that it is less than the Koylow, and that both 
the I*arl)utties and Nawars call it Cohy, It is a most beautiful 
species, and the Oniitholoiiist will feel himself indebted to the 
J)uctor, not onl} for this, but many now Indian species, in other 
lieiiera, hereafter to be mentioned. 



!■ J 



01 —CRESTED INDIAN FALCON. 



Talco .Inliiitus, /»,/. 0;». i. 30, Brh. i. '.\m. LI. 8vo. 104. 7?(/(/, p. 14. WiU. \u 

4S. Cm. Li)i.\. '274. Daiid.'u. 113. S/i<in-'s Zonl. \'u. 147. 
Fiiucon lui|)|)t'' (Ics IikIi-, IhiJ'. i. '271. 
Crested Iiidiaii I'liliDii, (uii. .Si/ii.'i. p. 80. Id, Sup, \>. '21). Hill. Engl. \i.S2. 



ALMOST tlie size of a Goshawk ; bill blue ; cere luteous; irides 
yellow; plumage above black; top of the head tlat, with a forked 
crest, liangini; downwards ; under part of the body striated black 
and white; neck fulvous; tail banded black and ash-colotir; le,i;s 
feathered to the toes, biteous; claws black. 

Iidiabits the East Indies ; it varies in having a ])lack bar across 
the })reast, and another on the wing coverts. 



FALCON. 



167 



A.-I e Faucon hupp.., Ln-uU/. Oh. p\.-2H. liaud.u. p. US. Shnu-^s Zool. .u. p IJO 
pi. 'Jl. I • » • 



Oi'stnl Iii.liaii Falcon, (iai. Si/u. Si(i). ii. 2->. 



li.e male is said not nnicli to exceed a ooininou pi-eon in size 
an. the female one-touitli lar.uer. The bill pale, end dnskv; the 
.n.der imind.l.le sinoularlv notehe.l, and cut off sqnare at th^ en.l • 
plumao-e slate-colonr ; the elon,j,afed nape feathers brown; hind pari 
of the neck the same, with a h>n« patch of brown over each jaw in 
the manner of the Perei^rine Falcon ; the nnder part of the body 
dnty wliite, transversely marked with black streaks on the bellv and 
th.^lis; qnills brown, reachino- beyond the middle of the tuil, whi.h 
IS crossed with seven or ei;,-ht brown bars. 

Inhabits the lakes and borders of the sea in India, and the 
.-.vers a bonndh.g in fish, feeding on them, as well as crabs and 
shell fish which ,t easily breaks with the bill; will attack i,nlls 
terns, and even the Albatross, all of which ..^ive way to this bird' 
It makes the nest among the rocks, near the sea, for the most part 
though sometimes on trees, near the rivers, and lays fonr n.fbns white 
eggs-male and female sit in tnrn ; the yonng bVoo.! often remains 
with the parents, till natnre prompts them to pair, and thus continue 
their race. 



i> ' 



1«8 



FAUO.V. 



92— CEVLONESE riiES'lEI) FALCON. 



Falco ('cyliiiu'iisis, Intl. Orn. I. 'M. C.'m. /,i;i. i. 275. Diud.w. Wi. Shuw't Z m/. 

vii. 140. pi. -21. 
('••) loiiese Crested Falcon, Gni. Si/ii. \. ]>. H2. 






ill 



SIZE uncertain; bill dusky; cere yellow; plunia<;^e wholly a> 
white as milk ; on the head two feathers hanging behind, like a 
pendent crest. 

Inhabits (Vylon — Mr. Pennant; probably a variety of the last 
4lescribe«l. M'olf mentions a White J lawk, which is, according to 
the peo|)le of Malabiu-, a bird of augury, for if one is seen flying 
over their heads in a morning, they will not undertake a journey, (»r 
anv business of moment on that dav.* 



93.— CHICQUEIIA FALCON. 

Fairo cirrliatiis, Iml. Orn. \,',)(i. vsir. .' Shaw'i Zuol. vli. 170 
I e Cliic()uerii, Levail. Ois. i. p. .'}(). 
Chicqueru Falcon, GVm. .S'yii. Sup. 2. p. 27. 

THE bill of this bird is not unlike that of the crested Falcon ; 
the upper mandible has a tlouble notch, and the under truncated : 

• A tirctinistance, siiniliir to tliiit, is mentioned under the head of the Lanner of Ahvi- 
»irii;i. —/Vnn. Hindooit. i. 204. 



FALCON. 



101) 



iriiles yellow ; top of the lieinl, antl liind part of the neek riilous, 
with a tin*;e of the same about tlie hase of the bill, and l>eiul of the 
w in^ ; but the upper parts of the body autl wiu,i;.s, iu i>eueral are 
bbie ifrey, mottled with darker spots ; tail crossed uear the t\u\ with 
a broati dusUy black baud; the ti[)sof all the leathers pale, nearly 
white — luider parts of the body white, cross<nl on the breast, belly, 
thiiihs, and vent with small dusky sti'eaks ; the wini»s reach two- 
thirtls on the tail, which is rounded at the end ; legs yellow. 

Inhabits Bengal, and called Chiquera — It is probably a variety 
of the crested Indian species. 



94.— NASAL FALCON. 

BILL dusky blue, pale at the base, where it is rather gibbous ; 
head, neck, and beneath, ferruginous, .streaked on the two first with 
black ; sides under the eyes brownish clay-coli>ur ; back and wing 
coverts deep brown ; outer part of the wings and (|uills Ijlack, the 
last pale beneath, the shafts white ; tail rounded, reddish brown ; 
belly, thighs, and vent, pale ferruginous ; quills and tail even in 
length ; legs .stout and yellow ; claw.s black. 

Inhabits India — Sir J. Anstruther. It has much the appearance 
of an Eagle, but the size of the bird is not mentioned. 



VOL. I. 



!f-r" 



:f i'ff, 



170 



FALCON. 



Pi>-JArONESE FALCON. 



Falro Japoniciis, fiid. Orii. i. p. 13. Gm. Lin, i. 257. Daud, ii. p. 50. 
JapoiK'se Huwk, Uen, Syn. \, p. JUJ.* 7. 1). 



LENGTH 2:} in. IJill small, l)lne, with a ])lack tip; beiieatli 
the lower mandible yellowish ; <'ere dusky ; forehead huff-colour ; 
head and hody above brown, each feather tipped with ferni^inous ; 
across the hindhead a mixture of pale cream colour, and beneatli this 
nuich blotched with the same; cheeks palish, streaked with brown ; 
Irom the chin springs a «*rescent of black, placed much like that in the 
Hobby ; chin white, with fine lines of black ; fore part of the neck 
and breast brown, each t'eather maruined with yellowish white : 
1)< lly the same, but darker; iiuiils dark, marked within with 
transverse oval ferruginous spots : all, ])ut the four or five outer ones, 
tipped with the same; the >vings, when closed, reach rather beyon<i 
the middle of the tail, which is eight inches long, deep brown, ;t!l 
the feathers spotted on both webs with ferruginous, except the ex- 
terior ones, which are plain on the outer webs ; legs yellow, claws 
large, hooked, ami black. 

A specimen of this bird tlew on board a ship, ofi' the coast of 
Japan. 




!||^ 

*^:i 






r'r- 



itiil 



FALCON. 



171 



00— SHOUT-TAILED FALCON. 

Fulco ••(Miuliitiis, Iiul. Oru, Sup. p.'w, DuHil.u. i>. ■'>!. Shaw's Zuol. \\\. 98. 
l.f liiitirli'ur, Lerail. Ois. \. |i.."}l. pl.7. J^. 
Sliiiit-taileil Fult'uii, f.V/i. .VyM. .Vwy. II. p. -1. 



SIZE between tlie Eaixle and Ospiey ; bill and legs dusky : 
base of the first yellowish ; cere large ; iritles deep brown ; head, 
neck, and all beneath, deep bla<-k ; iKtck and tail deep nitons : 
scapulars duskv, varvinu- to blue ijiev ; lesser coverts Isabella colour ; 
tjuills silvery grey, within dusky; the tail charai'teristically short, 
and halt' hidden by its covei'ts ; the male is not complete in plumage 
till the third vear's moult. In vounu' birds the neneral ci>lour is 
bro\* n, |)alest on the head and neck ; the edges of the t'eathers 
light c<doined, and are in this state so unlike the old ones, that 
were it not tor the short tail, they might be mistaken for difterenl 
species. 

The female is one-fourth bigirer than the male, but does not 
otherwise greatly dilfer — the young birtis, while in<omplete iu 
plumage, most resend)le the temales. 

Inhabits the Cape of (jood Hope; most ctmimon about Queer 
lioom, near Lagoa I3av, an<l very counnou in all the countrv of 
Hottni<pia and Natal, quite to Calfraria — the male and female idwa^s 
seen as company, rarely in tioops, except many pairs are invited to 
the .same repast, for they fee<l ou all sorts of carrion, and will attack 
young antelopes; they also lurk about iidiabited places, for the .sake 
of preying on any sick .sheep. The name given it by M. Levaillant^ 
aro.se from its flapping the wings in a singular manner, whilst in 
the air, so as to be heard at a great distance. It is known also tt» 

the inhabitants by the name of lierg-Hhaan (.Mountain Cock). 

Z -2 



\\ 



■■ '■■■ r.';-:\ 
1 I' ■ f'' J 

I if 'I ! 



172 



FALCON. 



97— BACHA EAGLE. 

Fnlro BacliQ, Ind. Orn. Sup. p.'xv. JDaud.ii. p. 43. Shaio's Zool. six. 157. pi. 22. 
Li' Raclin, Levail. Ois. i. pi. 15. 
Uucha Fuk'ui), G'en. Si/n. Sup, ii. p. 22. 



f 

i 
I t 



S17jFj of the cominoii Bazzard, but longer ; bill lead-colour ; 
rere yellow ; |)luiuage in general dirty brown ; wings an<l tail 
darker; ciown of tlie head black, the back of it crested with fea- 
thers, half black, half white, the ends being black, and, at times 
the bird s|n-eads them horizontally like a tiiil ; at the bend of the 
M ing and beneath, the feathers are marked with roundish white 
spots; tail dusky, crossed in the middle with a rufous white band, 
the tip white; legs the colour of yellow oker. 

The female larger than the male. 

It is a solitary species, except in the breeding season, and 
frejpuntsouly the l)arrenan<l sultry parts of l!ie Cape of Good Ho|)e. 
In l)e<vml)er, after rearing two or three young, returns to a solitary 
life; )>uilds iiniong the rocks, making the nest of moss and leaves 
ill put touellier, and is a shy and fierce species. Found in the 
country of the Grand Nanuujua, and from thence to the Tropic of 
('apriconi. Preys chietly on the Klipdas, or Cape Cavy,* but 
o))liged sometimes to be content with lizards, &c. ; is observed to 
watch the Cavy for three hours together, with the head between the 
shoulders, inunoveable, and springing suddenly on the unsuspecting 
victim, devours it with great apparent ferocity : when it misses its 
prey, utters a kind of lamentation, like the words Houi-hi-hi 
repeated, and directly changes place to watch as before, but by this 
iViiitless attempt, added to its plaintive cry, the Cavies take alarm, 
and hide themselves, not to appear again for some hours. 

* Hyrax ciipt-nsis, Gm, Lin.\. 100. 



FALCON. 



173 



Aiiione: tlje drawinp-s of Mr. Dent I observe a slight variety ; in 
tliis, the feathers of the crown are full, h»ose, and bhick ; under 
parts of the IwMly dull ferruj^inous, with roundish white spots; quills 
hiured two or three limes with white within ; the band across the tail, 
and the tip j)ure white. 



OS.—LONG-LFXiGEl) FALCON. 

Falro Arnli, fml. Oru. Sup. \t.\\. J)au(l. u. 17<>. Levail. Ois. \. 120. jil.SG. Shau't 

Zool. vii, 172. 
Loiif5-li'j,'gf(l IK-n-IIurricr, Cfu. Syn, Sup. u, )>. 4'^. 



THIS in size and colour resendiles the Ilen-IIarrier, but stands 
hi If her on its legs; the bill is bluish; cere red ; i rides yellow ; the 
under paits, from the breast, crossed with tine, dusky, linear stripes, 
in the manner of the Chantinti: Falcon, though neither so numerous 
nor delicate; indee«l, it niiiiht at tirst sight be taken for that bird on 
a larger seale, di«l not the great disproportion of legs at once shew 
the ditference. The tail is pale grey, and pretty long, even at the 
end, and not gra«luated as in the Chanting species; the quills 
duskv black, and reaeh t\v«i-thirds on the tail ; le«>s vellow. 

Inhabits the cultivated parts of the Ca})e of (iood Hope; an<l 
found not nnfre(|uently in the saialy desarts. In the interi»>r parts 
only observed about the rivers Swarte-kop and Sondag. (billed 
Witte-Valk (\Vhite I^ilcon) and Leeuwerk-vanger (Lark catcher). 
The male and female seen usually together — makes the nest in the 
Imshes, and lays four dirty white eggs, oval in shape; on the con- 
trary, the eggs of the Chantiiig F\dcon are nearly round. 



'I ' 



174 



FILL ON. 



4. 



})}).— 1U.\(K-Tlirf;il HI) FALCON. 

I'uliii tiliiiili>, /»«/. (till. Slip. |(. X. Shiiiv's '/.mil. vii. 174. 

I.f I'iiin cii II (uIipIIi iK.iic', l.iiuil. Oti.i. |». I*2<!. pi. "Jt*. Duud.w, p. 1'20. 

lilurk-tlii^'lii'tl riilcdii, (iin. Syii. Shji.W, p, 4U, 



TINS is nillicr hiui;*-!- tliiiii :i piuioii. The bill fui'iiied soiim- 
\\li;il like tli:it of tli<' Crcsk-d liKJiaii s|H-('ie>, the tiiuU'i' iiiaiid lile 
l»« inn tninralrd ; it is Iriid rolniir, with a v<ll«»\\ isli ceiv; irides hii/.tj 
Idowii; |»limiii,i;<' ol" tin- ii|hht part of" the hudv and wings i;re\ 
hrowii, with a darkt^r streak down the middle of each teather ; tlintat 
vhite; the rest ot" the niider parts ver\ pale nitiuis, >>ith dashes ul 
of* daik hi'owii, pi'iiieipally do\m the shaiVs ; thiuhs black; «|iiills 
and tail dark coliMiied ; the latter i-ather rounded at the end. and tin 
vinus reach to about tno-thirds i»t" the length ; legs yellow. 

This species inhabits the Cape of (iood Hope, and lre(pients the 
grand Naina<|nas; one killed there in the action of teed ing on a 
leveret, at the same time roused another siunewhat larger, supposol 
til be the tiinale. M. Le\aillant A\as int'ornied, that this bird is 
not uncommon on Sneen\v-bergeu (snow mountain) where it is 
calleil Klvne-berir-haau (Little Mountain Cock) but by this name 
tliev call all the middle-si/ed birds of prev. and the smaller ones bv 
the name of ^'illk or Falcon. 



I 



FALCON. 



17."* 



100— HKIIUKi: TAU ON. 

Fiilro riili«lu>, /»«/. Oni, i. p. 41. Dainl. '2. \22. Shaie'i 'Ami. vii. I7(J. 
IJflirif Fiilroii, (.(;/. Si/n. Slip. p. 35. 



LEN</1'II lOiii. Hill pale hliic ; pliiin<i<;o hliukish linmii 
aliove, uliilr iM'iieatli ; the black curvinu: foiwanis t<»tlie throat, aiul 
the while ill like iiianiier passes l)aelv\vai<ls aiiove, nearly as in the 
IJIaek Falcon; Ineiist, belly, and tliinhs marked with c<»i(late(l, 
black sp4»ts, flatted at top; tail indistinctly banded uith paler colour; 
le/is yellow ; claws black. 

The iininalnre bird lius the upper parts jialc icddish broun; 
throat, and a patch behind theeye, white; i\tvv ]>art ol" the neck and 
breast inarblcil, pale brown and white. 

Inhabits India, and is called Heliree. Ilaxiiig' been (axoured, 
by Dr. Hu(*hanan, with the inspei^lion ot" diawinns made in India, 
as well as in others of (ieii. Ilardwicki-, I find amoii^i lliem one of' 
ihese, saiti to be a youni"" female, in which llie bill is miu'h arched 
from the nM»t; irides dark brown; fealliers of the crown sharp 
pointed, and the crown siirrounde<l with a pale rin^ ; «froiind colour 
of the body beneath reddish white; the feathers of the lhii;lis reach 
half way on the leifs ; and the wings, wlun closed, extend nearly 
to the end of the tail, which ap|)eai*s banded, each feather havinit; 
two roundish clayH-oloiired spots on each side of the .shaft, and 
in six or seven rows, givinu- the idea of as many bands; in other 
thhigs the first description will serve. In some drawings these clay- 
coloured sjMitt are quite white. 

Dr. Buchanan informs me, that it is known in Hindustan proper, 
by the name of IJaihri,* and is the TJoiliri of the lJengale.se. It is 



I „,,i 



11 



• This iiiiine said to be dtrived from tlit' Pcrbian. 



W' - ^' 



m 



wm 



III 



170 



FALCON. 



IouikI every wliere in Bengal, frequenting very large trees in solitary 
places, hut n(»t vervcoinnion ; iirevs «>i» hirtls, cliietlv niyeons — the 
place of its hiiilcling is not known. Is connnonly used in hawking, 
ami employed to catcli small herons, ipiails, pigeons, cloves, and 
other middle-sized game,* though the Uipidoos, at least about 
Calcutta, do not follow this sj)ort. 

In Cien. Ilardwicke's drawings is a bird called Kooe-ab-Kans, or 
Kooe — this is marked about the head as the IJehree, and is perhaps 
a voinig bird or female— it ditfers in havinu; the sides of the throat 
spotted with black ; beneath the body white, with largish dusky 
marks; lx)dy above })lain brown ; quills barreil in an indented man- 
ner, with pale rnfous-white, and broM n ; tail marked with six or 
seven bars on each side of the shaft, but not touching it on the 



margm. 



Another, smaller, named Bhyree T*utcher, said to be a male of 
the first season, brow n above ; beneath dusky w' ite, blotclied with 
brown; sides of the throat and nape paler; tail brown, with three or 
four obsolete pale marks, the end pale ; found at Cawnpore in 
January. One, said to be a female of the first season, is brown 
abo\ e, the margins of the feathers paler ; beneath dusky white> 
blotcht^d with pale brown ; on each side of the jaw a brown whisker, 
and behind the eye to the nape brown, but the crown and cheeks 
are mixed dusky and white ; second quills marked with three clay- 
coloured round spots on each ; upper tail coverts much the same ; 
tail feathers witJi five or six clay-coloured spots on each side of the 
shaft ; the end pale. 

Among the same drawings is a bird named Chemig — said to be 
of the first season. — It is like the last in most respects, but above the 
bnm n is more unifonn, and the head and neck are wholly pale dusky 

* It is siiitl to be extremely strong and bold, killing Imres with ease, and is frequently 
»ent in chase of the larger kinds of water fowl— will even attack the Cyrus (or the Indian 
Crane), also the Manickjoor (Violet Heron), Currakeel, and other large aquatic birds.— 
Or. F. Sports, ii. 08. 



lii'i 



FALCOX. 



17 



white, with some streaks, l)ut no whisker of brown, or brown 
behind the eve ; but the tail is niarke«l w ith tlie same dav-coloured 
spots as in tlie other. — Shot at Cawnpoie in January. 

Tlierc is also one, sai<l to be a complete male. This is dusky 
blue above, marked and banded with dusky; beneath rntbus white, 
with roundish spots of tlie size of peas, on the breast and throat ; 
from thence the marks are transverse and curved ; nnder winy; 
covei*ts white, spotted with black; tail, as in the others, crossed 
with five or six blue l)ands. 

From there beini>- much similaritv between the al)Ove birds, 
ndded to the markings of the quills and tail beina; so nearly alike in 
all, we may venture to conclude the mIioIc to belong to the Behree 
Falcon, 



101 .— RIIOMBOIDAL FALCON. 

Fiilro rhombeus, Iiul. Orn. i. 3'). — Daud. li. 111. Shaw's Zool. vii. 169. 
Ulioiuboidal Falcon, G'fH. Si/n. Sup. p. '3b. 

LENGTH 19 in. Bill dusky blue ; head and hind part of the 
neck l)lack ; fore part very light brown ; back and wings grey, 
l)arred with black ; belly pale retldish brown, marked with rhom- 
boidal spots; lail grey, crossed with eleven or twelve bars of black ; 
legs pale yellowish green. 

luhabits tlie river Giuiges, and other parts of India. 



;ehi 



cIM.' 



VOL. I. 



A A 



■•? I'll -i^ 



'I nn 



•■KM 




178 



FALCON. 



102.~CIIAXTING FALCON. 

Falco mu&icus. Jml Oni.Sup. p. ix. Dmid. ii. 116. Shate't Zool. rii. 143. 
Faucon clianteur, Lcvuil. Ois. i. 117. pi. n. 
Chanting Falcon, Cvn. Syn. Sup. ii. p. 40. 



H i 



1 

i 1 


1 


ill 




m •■.\ 


3: 




ff' 1 


r 








i 




.' ( 




I ■ ■ ' 








1 


i 







SIZE of ;i coininon Falcon ; pluinage in general pale lead, or 
dove-colour ; but the top of the head and scapulars are much darker, 
and incline to brown ; the under parts from the brevist pearly grey, 
crossed with numerous bluisli grey markings; quills black; tail 
greatly cuneiform, the outer feathers being shorter than the mitldle 
ones by a third, the colour dusky, but the extreme tips of the 
feathers are white, and all but the two middle ones crossed with 
bands of wliite. The bill and claws are black; legs and cere orange ; 
and the irides brown. 

The female is bigger by one-third, but does not differ from the 
male materially, exce[)t in being paler. 

This species is not unlike the Ilen-Harrier in colour, but inde- 
pendent of other points, in m hich it differs, there is no appearance 
of the ruff-like collar round the lower part of the head. It is found 
in Caffraria and the neighb«un'ing country, as Karrow and Camde- 
boo. In breeding time the male is remarkable for its song, which, 
like the Nightingale, it makes every morning and evening, and 
couunonly even the night through. It sings in a loud tone for more 
than a minute, and after a time begins anew ; during its song it is so 
regardless of itself, that any one may approach, but in the intervals 
of <juiet so wary, as to take flight on the least suspicion. Should 
the marksman kill the male, the female will also soon fall under his 
gun, as in her attachment to him, and calling everywhere with the 
most plaintive voice, she so continually passes within gun-shot, as to 
make it no tlilHcult matter to shoot her; but in case the female 



FALCON. 



179 



should be killed first, the male does not testify so much attachment, 
for retiring to the top of some distant tree, not easily approached, he 
does not cease to sing, hut ])ecomes so wary, as to fly away tVoui 
that neighbourhood on the least alann. TlieVemale is said tJ make 
lier nest between the forks of trees, or in bushy groves, and lays f(.ur 
round u Lite eggs. This bird preys on partridges, hares, quails, 
rats, &c. and for its size is a \ ery destructive species. 






103 — RUFOUS-EAUED FALCON. 

SIZE uncertain ; bill black ; irides, cere, and legs vellow ; 
!»ead, and part of the neck, butf-white, the feathers streaked down 
the shafts with dusky ; eye in a deep brown patch, on the ears a 
larger one of pale rufous; general colour of the plumage deep 
brown, quills deeper; on the inner wing coverts a wliitish patch; 
belly, thighs, and vent, deep rufous; tail plain greenish ash! 
roun<led ; the wings reach nearly to the end of it. 

Inhabits Bengal ; figured among the drawings of Sir John 
Anstruther, Bart 



\\:i\ll 



A A2 



K 


F ■ 


1 

1 ■ 




180 



FALCOV, 



104 —JACKAL FALCON. 

Falco Jaikiil, Jinl. Oni. Sup. \). \], DmiJ. \i, 101. Shaw's Zoul. v'u. 173r 
\.r Roiinoir, Lfruill, Ois. i. p. 7;J. 
.Fiickal ralcoii, ticn. Si/yi. Sup. li. ji. t',),. 



! i 



TUTS is tlie size of our Buzzard, but more bulky, and the 
tail sliortrr in proportion; the bill is dusky; cere and legs yellow ; 
iris deep brown ; plumage mostly dusky brown ; from the ehin is a 
mixture of white, whieh ehanges on the breast to rufous; the quills 
are dusky, banded with paler at the base, and the secondaries 
mixed outwardly with white; tail deep rufous, with a spot of 
black near the end of each feather, the two outer ones only banded 
with dusky ; beneath all is rufous-grey. The female is larger, and 
the red on the breast not so high -coloured. 

This species is mostly seen about the habitations of the colonists 
of the Cape of Cood Hope, where it is known by the name of 
.Takals-vogel (Jackal Bird), on account of the cry imitating the 
voice of that cpiadrnpcd. Called also B otter- vanger (Uat-catcher). 
It is not shy, being seen every where following the lesser kinds of 
\ermin, as rats, moles, ike. and, like the Buzzard in Jilurope. is 
esteemed an useful species ; it is cowardly, insomuch that even the 
Fiscal Shrike will occasionally jmt it to flight. 

It inhabits chiefly the thick groves which surround the houses, 
and in the deepest [>art of them makes a nest of twigs and moss, 
lined with feathers; lays three or four eggs, sometimes only two, 
which generally come to perfection, as the nest is rarely 
destroyed, from the idea the natives entertain of the utility of this 
species. 



.<W 1 

i ' 

1 ^ ' 

14 ■ 


i 

1 


1 ; 



FALCON. 



181 



105. -RANIVOROUS FALCON. 

FhIco ranivorus, /„,/. Oni. Sup. p. vii. Daud. ii. 170. Shaw's Zool. vii. 171. 
Le Cinnomllard, Lei-uU. Oh,\. <J5. pi. 'J;3. 
llaiiivorous Falcon, Gin. Syn. Stip.iu 35. 



mn 



SIZE and stature of the Aroor-Buzzara ; iiides grev brown- 
upper parts of the l,ody pale u.nber-coh.ur; cheeks ami throat 
covered with whitish tender feathers, eaoli marked lonoitudimdly 
with brown : under parts of the body hi,^ht brown, slio-htly mixed 
with white on the breast, and lower belly; on the nppe^ part of the 
breast, and lesser wing coverts, a few white spots; thighs, and nnder 
tad coverts, rust colour; wings brown ; tail the same, even at the end 
cmssedMith deeper brown bars; the wings reach to within two-thirds 
o\ the length ; legs yellow, slender. 

Inhabits the marshy parts of the Cape of Good Hope, preying 
on frogs and young waterfowl; makes the nest amono- the reeds 
with the leaves of aquatic plants, and lays three or four white eo-.; 

Anotkerwa. met with in the same place, appearing still m^l-e 
like the Moor-Buzzard, and a third quite black, with the rumn 
wlnte. ' 






106.-DESERT FALCON. 

Falcodesertorun,, /,./.0n..*>. p.,i. nand.'^. 162. Sha.^s Zool. y\u 174 
Le Roi'.gn, Lcvail. Ois. i. p. 77. pi. 17. 
Desert Falcon, Ccn. Si/n. Sup. ii. p. 50.' 

THIS is smaller tl.an the Jackal Falcon, and less robust i„ 
proportion, buthas a longer tail. Tl.ebill, cere, and legsarejellow" 



''^!i|i^' 




182 



FALCON. 




irides reddisli ; the reiyning colour of tlio plmnage is ferruginous or 
rufous, paler heuealh ; tlie cliin as far as the ))reast, and the vent pale 
grey, nearly white ; the quills are black; the rest of the under parts 
rutous as al)ove, but paler, and streaked sparingly with dusky; the 
tail is like the back alxtve, but greyish beneath, marked with some 
transverse ol)solete luuids. 

The female is a trifle bigger than the male, and is not so distinct 
in the colours. 

This species is less frequent abotit the inhabited parts than the 
Jackal Falcon, being only seen in the dry and uncultivated spots — 
it lives, however, on the same kind of food. The cry not unlike that 
of the Eurojiean Buzzard. The male and female are mostly seen 
together, and they make the nest in the same kind of places, and of 
nearly the same materials. 



lOT.—TACHARD FALCON. 

FalcoTarhardus. Tnd. Orn. Sup. p. v. Daud.ii. IGi. Shaw's Zool. vii. 201. 
Le Taciinrd, Levail. Ois. i. 82. pi. 10. 
Tacliard Falcon, (Jen. Syn. Sup. li. p. 25. 



^■6 I ■ 


i 


III'] 





THIS is the lea.st of the Buzzard kind, as far as relates to bulk 
of body, but has a longer tail in proportion. Bill dusky ; cere 
brown ; irides deep reddish brown ; the head is greyish brown, with 
here and there some irregular whitish streaks ; the under parts are 
greyish yellow, with a mixture of brown blotches ; the upper parts 
of the ]>lumage deep brown, with the edge of each feather paler ; 
the tail deep brown, banded with black, beneath greyish white, with 



FALCON. 



183 



obscure bands, tlie featliers of it e<iual in length ; tliose of the 
thighs reacli below the knees, but not to the toes, as in the Booted 
Falcon ; tlie legs are mottled brown ; toes dull ferruginous. 

This was shot on the banks of the river of Lions, in the 
Giraffe country in Africa, among the Kamini(iuas, who did not 
know the )>ird ; and as M. Levaiilant never su'. anotiier, he supposes 
it to be a rare species. 



108.— BLACK AND WHITE INDIAN FALCON. 

Falio mc'lanoleuoos, //»/. Oni. i. p. !J(>. Cm. Lin. i. p. 274. Daiid. Orn. ii. p. 85. Zool. 

Jud.\).\2. t.2. .Shaw's Zool. \ii. 154. 
Le Faucon i\ collier des Iiidfs, Son. Voy. Ind. ii. IS'2. 
Black and Wliite Indian Falcon, Gen. Syn. i. p. 81. Id. Sup. p. 20. Ind. Zool. iv, 4to. 

p. 33. pi. 2. 



LENGTH 16 inches; bill black; irides rufous yellow; head, 
throat, hind part of the neck, and back black; breast, belly, thighs, 
and rump white; lesser wing coverts white, the middle ones black ; 
the greater and secondary <|aills silvery ash-colour; prime quills 
black; tail pale silvery grey ; legs rufous. 

The feniale is somen hat bigger ; general colour silvery grey ; 
on the wing coverts three round black spots, and three others on the 
outer web.« of the second quills; primaries black ; sides of the belly, 
thighs, and vent white, tranversely striated with rufous red. 

Inhabits India, where it is called Chouama, or Bat-killer; it 
seems the same bird as my Black and AV^hite Falcon, which inhaluts 
Ceylon, and called there Kaloe-koeso-elgoya ; uncertain whether 
made use of for falcomy, though that amusement is there not 
micommon. 



U 1' 



X ': I 



'i'^' 




184 



FALCOX. 



m 



A.— I.pTchoiirr, Lcvail.\. pl.32. 

J'!|)(Lvi(.'r pie, JJaiid. ii. p. 88, 

JHiU'k und \\ liitf Iiiiliiiu ralcoii, (jcn, Syn. Sup.W, p. 40. 



Tliis soems greatly allied to the llen-IIarrier, as it corresjjonds 
in size and shape ; bill black; head, neck, back, and wings mostly 
deep brown, but the back part of the head inclines to black, with a 
mixture ot'Mhiteat the back j)art of the neck, and wing coverts; 
the greater c[uills dusky, secondaries partly dusky white; all the 
under parts from the breast, with the rumj) and tail, are white, but the 
last, M hich is nearly even at the end, inclines to rufous grey, and the 
two mid<lle feathers of it have a sort of brown crescent on the tips . 
legs long and yellow. 

The above \>as met with at Bengal, Mhere it is known by the 
name of Tchoug, and a})pears to be a binl not come to adult pluniJige, 
on accoinit of the mixture of white among the feathers. Mr. L, 
thinks it may also be a native of the Cape of (iood Hope, as he saw 
a bird of this kind pass over his head, in which the head and neck 
were black, and the rump and under parts white, and this was 
probably our Black and White Falcon, in perfect feather; and if we 
allow it to be the same with Parkinson's Pied Hawk,* is also found 
in New-Holland. 

* Voy. ]). 144.— In Lord Vali!ntia''i Trav. iil. p. 204. I fintl a Hawk mentioned, sliot nenr 
the Vill,it;e of Munisai, not far from Axum, in Abyssinia, October 22; it is said to be blafk 
and white, with a red dusky tail ; the eye hirgc and dark brown— the size not mentioned, only 
that it is remarkable for the iieight to which it soars. 



If? 



FALCON. 



I Ho 



V)9—VOTT\ FALCON. 



SrZK un(?ertaiti, IJiW black ; cere and legs yellow ; irides red ; 
to|) of tlie head, tlie sides, aii<l all beneath, white; over the eye a 
streak of black ; nape and upper parts of the body, slaty blue; 
greater wing coverts the same, but paler; the lesser black; bend of 
the whig white— the rest (.f the wing dusky grey ; Uiil short, the 
two middle feathers of the last colour, the rest white, in shape even, 
or nearly so. The wings, when closed, reach fully to the end of it. 

Inhabits India; found about Bengal ; named V'otta. 



110.— SONMXr.S FALCON. 



Fiilco Sdiiiiin.'nsis, Tnd. Orn. Sup. p. xii. Shiiii-'s ZuoL vii. 1S5, 
Xiw s|>.'.-ics of Il;iwk, Soiiiiin. Trtit. Eiiir.ed. ii. p. «t2. 
Soniiiiii's I'ulfoii, G'<H Syn. Sup. ii. p. 52. 



LENGTini.iin. Bill very hooked, full an inch hm- ; cere 
and legs yellow; irides orange ; the tail nearlv even, but the outer 
feathers rather longest, though not appeariu- f(,rked unless ex- 
|.anded ; the length <»f it four inches eight line.s; and the winys when 
closed, reach eight lines beyond it; the first <,uill feather serrated 
outwardly; legs covered with feathers on the forepart, almost to 
the toes; the forehead and under parts are white; above the eve, 

VOL.1. B, 



I ... 



iftn 



FALCON. 



:in(l anterior annle of it, rovertMl with slfiider blark fcatluMs ; hoilv, 
liea<l, and upper win^^ eoverts asli-folourtMl, tipped with uny, with 
lihick shafts ; the iui(hlle tail feathers white, ininuhd with ash- 
rcdoiir; the re.st white within, an«l Miiht <>iey without. 

Inhabits Eirypt, where it is coninioulv seen su.speiuh'd in the air 
over the riee fields, in the manner of the Kestril ; and is sonietinus 
observed to perch on date trees, but never «)n the ground. 



■■ 

1 ■ 

1 


■ i ■ 

■jii 





111 — IJLACK-EYED KITE. 

SIZE uueertain; general eolour of the pliunage deep lirown 
above, paler beneath; belly and thighs brownisji creani-<;olour ; 
shafts of the feathers, in general, above and beneath, black ; wing 
coverts somewhat paler than the back ; greater coverts an«l quills 
very deej) brown, the former fringed with rufous white — greater <]uills 
darkest; tail pretty long, hollowed out in the middle, or slightly 
forked; colour deep brown, crossed with seven or eight dusky black 
bars; the wings, when closed, reach full three-fourths on the tail ; 
vent and Jinder tail coverts nearly white; the bill black ; cere yellow ; 
irides dark ; eye placed in a large oval patch of black ; legs pale 
yellow. 

Inhabits India, found at Bengal, and there called Chilk. It 
varies in having the oval blackish patch much less distinct, and the 
cere and legs of a less bright yellow, prouably owing to the ditltr- 
ence of sex. The name of this latter bird is (jiuliwauz. 



FALCON. 



187 



112— CIIEEL FALCON. 

LENTiTII lt>. Hill, Bill moderately lurji;e, black ; cere blue; 
irides brown ; pbiiiiaiie in ueiieral fine fawny brown ; paler on the 
throat, lower belly, thijxhs and vent; the feathers of the head, neck, 
breast, and thighs, niarke«l with a lonij pale streak down the shafts 
of each, and rounded at the bottom, appearing as loni; drojjs, 
the breast darkest ; chin, throat, and vent plain ; the winpf coverts 
have pale ends w ith darker shatls, the rest of the winif and back 
feathers m ith pale maru:ins ; quills and tail dark brown, the latter 
hollowe*! out ill the middle, and the qnills reach to near the end of 
it; legs moderate sized, pale bine ; claws black. 

Inhabits India l)y the name of Cheel,* said to be a young- bird, 
but whether belonging to the last or any other species is not deter- 
mined. — Col. Hardwicke. 



113.— CRTARD FALCON. 

Falcovooifenis /nti. Orn.i. p. 40. Daud. V\. IGO. Skate's Zool, \V\. 200. 
Petitt Buse criardf, Son, Voy. Ind. ii. 184. 
CriuKl Falcon, G'oi. Syn. Sup. j). 38. 

SIZE of a large wood-pigeon; length 10 inches; ]»ill short, 
black ; over each eye a projecting lid, with a few hairs like eyelaslies ; 
crown, neck behind, back, rmnp, and tail cinereous grey; lesser 

• It seems tlmt Clieel, Cheela, Chilk, may be names given in common to more than one 
•pecie*. 

Bb 2 



f r ■ ^ 



m^ 



Its- 



IHH 



FAIXON. 



uinn' rovcrts l»l;ick, iiii<l<lle oins cinereous p:rey, greater crevisli 
l)lii(k ; lliroiif, iiiid iiiuler jiarts uliite; legs vellow; elans black, 
tlie iiiiildit' one large. 

Ililialnts the Coast of Coroinaiulel, aii<l iVeqiieiits rice tieMs, for 
the sake ot' yoimg frogs, on which it is supposed Ut I'eetl ; is ii shy 
I'ird, anil as it makes a lon<l cry on the a|)[)roacli of any one, has 
olitained the name of Crianl ; has the air and nnich of the pliunage 
of an llen-JIarrier, Init the legs are shorter, and more rohust. 

^^ e ha\«' seen a specimen of this, with the heatl, neck, under 
j)arts, and tail white, the two tirst inclining t<» ash-c«»lour; all the 
lidge of the ningand co\erts tine black ; the rest of the wing tinr 
doveH'oloiu"; quills dusky; under wing coverts white; tno midiilc 
tail feathers cinereous, the «)thers white, the shatts of all brown; 
legs stout, feathered half way bet'or**, and yellou . 

Oiu' similar, met with some time since, trom India, had the 
nanu' J)agah-Telin-,lanas attached to its leg, but as it wanted the 
black on the shoulders, it seemed more nearly to approach to the 
Ileu-llarrier. 



A.— I";ilc I liiiii>|)tiiiis, fiiil. Oni. Sup. [). vi. DauiL Orii. u. 152. 

Klaims t(i'>iiis, Sitrinn. Oi.i. d' lC'^t/i)tt\ \)S. pi. ii. f. '2. Lin. 7Vun». xiii. p. 1;17. 
Elaiiiis iiK'luiiiipti'riu, l^euck Zool. Misc. iii. t. I'i2. 
Lf Blue, Lffuil. Ois. i. pi. '.Hi, :]7. 
IJlai-k-wiiigi-'d Fak'oii, Oeii. Syn. Sup. ii. p. '28, 



This, if we mistake not, is a mere variety of the last, a fine 
sperimen of that bird having lately jiassed under our observation. — 
'I'his was KJin. long; round the eyes «lusky red ; over each eye a sort 
of projecting lid ; head and neck tlusky white, all beneath wliite; 
all the wing coverts and ridgt; black, rest of the wing fine do\e- 
coloin- ; <|uills dusky; tail feathers white, except the two nuchlle 
ones, which incline to grev, shafts of all brown ; legs feathered 






n- 



FALCOM. 



189 



iM'ton* hali" way ; lias the air and pl(niiai;e of tlie Ileii-Hanier, Imt 
IIr' U'^s ii()l so loii^, iH»r so sl«'ii(ler. 

M. L«-vaillaut's bird is saitl to liave orange irides, au<l the eye 
])hu'ed in u bed of bhirkish, othenvisi^ does not seem to ditier. 

I'his genthunen obsenes, that the female dilleis in liein;;: bia^er, 
and tlie colonr of the plnma^e less distinct, and that youn^ birds 
have sneh parts, as are white in the adnlt, inelined to rnfons, espe«ially 
the back feathers; with a Iari;e portion of rnfons in themi(hlleof tin- 
breast, and lop of the head. It is said to bjiild between the lorUs o*' 
tiees, lininy; the nest with nn>ss and feathers, and to lay fom' or i'lw 
white ealis ; that it is t'onnd not nnly thronyhont the African coast, 
bnt in India also, and has been killed in liarbary ; is always perched 
on hiiih bushes, and its cry ])iercinii', especially in tlyini;- ; seems 
piinci|Kdly to teed on insects, and «>Tasshoppers and Mantes, also 
small birds, and will attack crows, kites, and shrikes, and drive 



dilHcnlt to be shot, b 



>l) 



d to 



•II of 



iiiemaway; is ((ilticnlt to lie shot, tjema; sliy ; oljserved to sue 
nnisk, the skin retainini^ it, even after bein/j;' prepared for tin. cabim-t. 
Dr. Ilorsfield met with this in Java, nnder the name of An^kal- 
Aniikal; is likewise fomid in New-Holland, two specimens haviny 
been brought from thence, and in the museum of the Linuiei'n Societv . 



■f; 



1;. 



1 14.— l-ASC'I ATED FALCON. 

l..EN(ri'II llL inches; liill livid at the point, and yellowish at 
the l)ase ; cere an<l mbits bare, yellow ; irides dark ; frontlet, 
crown, space under the eyes, and uj)per part of the neck chestnut 
brown; ])eneath the eye a triangular dusky mark; forehead over the 
bill, neck before, and ears white; from breast to vent rusty white, 



f ^ I 



190 



PALCOV. 



inarl<f^<l on tlie breast with narrow dashes of bhick, and on the sides 
with sagittal ones; shonlders, back, wing coverts, rump, and tail 
roverts bhie-grey, transverely marked \\itli narrow black lines, three 
ur tour on each feather; quills dusky, barred with white on the inner 
webs, and margined with white at the tips, the secoml the longest ; 
tail six inches long, roun<led, bluish-grey, crossed with six or seven 
narrow black lines, in bars; near the end a very broad one of black, 
and tinally all ending in white ; the wings, when closed, reach to 
within an inch and half of the end of the tail ; thigh feathers long; 
legs yellow, toes long, claws black. 

Inhabits India; found at Calcutta, but mrely, supposed a male. 
The female is larger, })ut not greatly ditfering in colour. It is one of 
the sorts celled Tormnti or Toonnooti. At first sight it appears to 
have the air and colour of the Peregrine, but (litters somewhat in the 
bars on the tail ; the length too of the miihlle toes seems to correspond 
with that bird, and the mark beneath the eve mav add to the idea, 
bnt it is less, an<l not improbably a distinct species. 1 owe the 
above description to Dr. Buchanan. 

In the dmwhigs of Sir .1 . Anstnither is one like this, but only 
ele\ «Mi inches in length, is there called Toohnorley, or Smali Pere- 
grine. This may probably be a small male. In a drawing, said to 
be of a female, the name in the Hindoo Tonuue, is Lerjana. 



115.— ZUGGUN FALCON. 



t I 



,4 
jy 



SIZE uncertain ; general make short and thick, a.s the Hu/zard ; 
bill stout, yellowish, with a dusky tip; cere yellow; irides vvhitish ; 



! I 



FALCON, 



191 



foreliead dusky Avliitf ; chin and tlnoat diiskv Idack, divided on eacli 
miti with a wlntt* mark, forming' a t'lfscfnt in the niiddh- of tlie 
lda<'k ; behind the eye pale ash, the rest of the phimage, for the 
most part brown, <'h>uded and mixed with pale and rufous Inown ; 
wing eoverts, and under parts of the bo<ly paler than above, and 
mixed with grey; bastard wing and (piills black; tail brown, 
marked with seven or eight oblicpie bars of a darker colour ; vent 
nearly white ; legs yellow, sttMit; claws black, 

Itdiabits India; called Zuggun. In the Earl of IVIountnorris's 
«lrawings is a bird answering to the above description It is IG or 17 
in<;hes in length, and <'hietly diliers in liaving some white on the 
nape ; the wings reach ha'f Avay on the tail ; the name Ti*^sidi. 

In a second of these the tail is pale rufous brown, with a narrow 
l)lackish l)ar near the tip, and half an inch from this, up^\ards, a 
transverse mark across the middle of each feather, but not reaching 
the outer niargin, and on the middle feathers a second, smaller; the 
insides of the cjuills are als<» marked with white in the middle. 

i'his latter was found in the province of Oude, where it goes by 
the name of Chooah 3Iaur. In Gen. Ilardwicke's drawings I tind 
another bird named Teesa or Chooa Maar ; in length l-jorl-lin. ; 
weight rather more thati one pound; head, neck, and breast pale 
ferruginous, streaked with brown ; back and w ings bnmn, \\ ith a 
pa!er mixture on the wing coverts ; ouh-r ridge and (juills bla<:k ; 
(lelly, thighs, and vent pale ferruginous ; tail rounded, [)ale rultnis 
u.sh-coIour; legs stout, yellow. 



:''Tr^ T T 




192 



FALCON. 



1 1 G— J KiCKR FALCON. 



: I I 




m 



mri^ 



LENGTH nearly 18 iiu lies. Hill blue with a black tip; cere 
yellow ; iiitles red brown ; round the eye bare and yellow ; the fore- 
head, sides under the eye, and from chin to vent utueath white; 
on the \nider jaw a black streak; behind the eye another of the 
.same, passin«j^ to the najje, which, as well as on vdl the bacK of the 
neck, is black ; top of the head brown and clay-colour mixed ; back 
and winifs brown, the e<lges of tht feathers paler; <|uills dark; thighs 
deep tawny brown, and the feathers lonif, hanging hu'.f-v y the 
shins ; tail, six inches long at least, rounded, the feati^ .•* aJty 
cinereous white, the very tip white ; the wings reach within an inch 
of the end ; legs yellow ; claws black. 

Inhabits India; in the «lrawings of Cien. Ilardwicke, called 
Jugger — the female called Lugger; met with at Fu^^^ghur. 

The young fe.nale weighs lib. loz. (>dr. ; is nnich the .same in 
colour ; crown Vthitish, with dusky .streaks; sides under the eye 
white, streaked with dusky; the whisker on the jaw the same, and 
the black streak behind the eye, and the back of the eye brown, not 
black; chin to breast white, the latter dashed ^.ith brown; sides 
under the wings, belly, and thighs, brown; vent white; legs pale, 
nearly white; tail pale cinereous white, the end tlesh-colour. This 
is called Lugger, and said to be a young bird. Found at Cawnporc. 

A full grown female, said to weigh lib. 7(»z. is larger than the 
male; the colours rather moiv pale; otherwise not uidike that sex ; 
biit both in this and the female adult, the thigh te ..ers aie pale 
brown, not tawny. — These se^m to have some things in common 
w ith the last. 



i|„. 



PALCON. 



193 



117.— KONTA FALCON. 



LENGTH 1 It. lOin. ; size of the Buzzard ; bill black ; cere 
pale; irides yellow; head, neck, shoulders of the wing.-^, and al! 
beneath fine pale ferruginous, with long, narro>v, dusky stieaks ; 
thighs and ^'ent plain ; back and wing coverts chocolate brown, the 
feathers margined with tawny; outer part of the wing and second 
quills light ash-colour ; greater quills black ; tail dirty pale ash- 
colour; legs yellow; claws black; quills and tail nearly eq.uil 
in length. 

Inhabits India; met with at Cawnpore— Gen. Hardwicke.— 
Weight of the male, lib. loz. 7dr.— female, lib. 8oz. 14dr.. 
The name given to this bird is Konta. 



'\i 






118.— MUSKOOROO FALCON. 



LENGTH two feet. Bill black, enlarged and sloping towards 
the base, l>ut no perceptible notch ; cere yellow ; irides brown ; 
head, neck, and beneath fine pale tawny rufous ; the feathers at the 
nape a triHe elongated ; chin, throat, and vent, nearly white, the 
rest more or less marked with streaks of various sizes, and very 
narrow on the head and neck; thigh feathers lonu-, reaching to tl/e 
middle ot the shins and these marked with cordated darker spots • 
back and wings brown, the feathers with tawny margins ; quills 

v> C 



M:4 



194 



FALCON. 



dusky ; tail pale dull nifoiis or tawny, plain, except near the lip, 
where each t'ealher is marked with an oval dusky spot; legs stout, 
yellow; claws black. 

This is called Muskooroo, and said to be a male.— General 
Ilardwicke. 



I 



f ! 



I n II 



iJi 



9.— SHARP-TAILED FALCON. 

LENGTH 20 inches; bill dark ; cere yellowish ; general colour 

of the plumage brown above; feathers of the crown and neck 

bdiind, whitish oi- butt" on the margins; coverts mostly brown, 

barred within with white, but the lesser coverts are deeper brown, 

with tine tawny, or ferruginous margins ; quills dusky for three 

inches or more from the end, tlien pale tawny, with five or siv narrow, 

• nrved, brown bars, but towards the base pale ; outer quill two 

inches shortc.r than the next; at tirst sight the lesser wing co\erts 

a[)pear feri'Mginous and brown mixed, the rest of wing brown, a 

little mi\e<l with white, the remaining part brown • *'-nl even, seven 

inches loi.;v, brown and cinereous in bars, eight or nine of each, but 

in the half next the base, the bars are rust and brown, instead ol" 

<'inereous; ends of all the ftathers rather pointed, and the tips 

fringed with white ; under parts of the body in general buft-white, 

with cordated spots, mostly two on each feather, one above the other; 

thighs buff-white, crossed with narrow, pale, dusky rufons bars; 

legs long, yellow; claws bla<'k, hooked; vent white. 

Native place vuicertain, — Tn the collection of Lord Stanley. 



FALCON. 



19o 



120— SAGITTAL FALCON. 



LENGTH 20 inches : bill black, in the n.idclle a projecti,>n • 
cere dusky; head, and neck above streaked dusk v, and pale tawny 
oji the crown, the rest brown and buff; back, and wings brown, the 
feathers niaroined or fringed pale ferruginous ; scapulars, and some 
of the inner second quills brown, marked with oval spots of MJute 
on the inner web, and others down the middle of tl.e feathers ; greater 
cp.ills brown, marked with narrow bars of darker brown, most of 
them streaked white on the inner webs; under wing coverts whitish 
^vith long sagittal brown streaks; breast, bellv, and thiuhs the same 
b^.t the streaks of different sizes; smaller and^nore nnmero-is r„ the 
tli.ghs, the feathers of which hang a good way over the joint • Ic-.s 
strong, dusky blue; claws black, strong, the hind one i)articularrv 
s'>; under tail coverts white; tail rounded, brownish ash-colour 
nossed with four or five broad bars of dark brown, one near thee.id' 
but the very tips of the feathers are white. 
Native place unknown. 









w- 



I. ]■ S|,„l| 



H ^ 'I 

r' ''I 



121. -JUSTIN FALCON. 



SIZE uncertain. Bill dusky blue; plumage above, dark choco- 
late brown ; beneath, from the chin, and sides of the neck, rufon. 
white, passmg in a patch under the eye ; tail iiearlv oi.e-tburth of the 

C c 2 



'H 



I, a. I 



196 



FALCON. 



length of the bird, deep chocolate brown, crossed with five or six 
[)ale tawny red bars, some of the outer feathers paler than the others; 
legs pale blue ; claws blackish. 

Inhabits India, where it is called Justhi. T saw a fine drawinu, 
of it, anionij; others, in the collection of Lord Mountnorris. It is 
probably used for the purpose of catchhig small birds, being repre- 
sented as fastened by the leg with a ribband, attached to a perch on 
which it stands. 

In the same collection is figured another, 17 in. long, said to 
inhabit the province of Oude, and called Koohie-sahien. This also 
is drawn Mith braces on the leg, in the manner of those used in 
falconry ; and it is not improbable that both these may only be 
\ arieties of the common Falcon. 






■! I 



122.— BUOWN AND WHITE FALCON 

LENGTH 22 in. Bdl d«isky ; cere and irides pale yellow; 
plumage above deep brown ; beneath dusky white ; chin plain, the 
rest of the feathers marked deeply with brown at the ends, and 
fringed with white ; vent white ; tail six inches long, crossed with 
four bars of darker brown, one at the end ; the quills rea(.*h about 
one-third on the tail ; legs stout, deep yellow; claws strong, hooked, 
black. 

Inhabits India, and named Choucarii ; has much the air and 
tout make of our Buzzard, though the brown markings are not in 
I tches, but regularly placed at the ends of the feathers throughout 
on the under parts. 



FALCON. 



1.07 



123.— INDIAN FALCON. 



SIZE uncertain. Bill moderately stout, black ; cere yellow ; 
irides dull yellow; plumage in general bluish asli, inclining to lead- 
colour on the back and wings ; crown of the head anil nape spotted 
with dusky blue ; forehead, round the eye, on the ears, and chin, 
nearly white ; breast and belly dusky white, with a tinge of lufous 
on the breast ; the ends of the feathers on the back, and the greater 
part of the wings, tipped with white, but the wing itself otherwise 
dusky black ; bend of the wing white; the tail i)ale plain grey, and 
is somewhat exceeded by the wings when closed ; legs deep yellow ; 
claws black. 

Inhabits India, and called Capasuah. 



124.— JOHANNA FALCON. 

Falco Jolianueiisis, Lid. Orn. i. p. 47. Datid. ii. 127. S/iaw's Zvol. vii. 1G8. 
Johuiiim Falcon, Clen. Si/>i. Sup. p. 32. 



lh\ 



SIZE uncertain. Bill black; base of the under mandible 
yellow ; head, neck, and under parts of the body ferruginous, 
marl^ed with linear black spots ; quills and tail black brown; the 
last cuneiform, its coverts whitish ; legs yellow. 

Inhabits India, in the island of Johanna. This description 
taken from a drawing in the possession of the late Br. Fothergill. 




^1 1 



108 



FALCON. 




!i: * 



125— LONG-BILLED FALCON. 



LENGTH 10 inches; make robust; bill black, tlie upper 
mandible cnrvinii; excessively downwards over the under, which is 
not more elongated than in many species, the l)ase covered deeply 
with a yellow cere, and the excess of length not flat beneath, l)iit 
round, the base of the under mandible half way yellow; round tlu^ 
eye not well covered with feathers; general colour of the plumage 
deep rusty black, the head and neck darker than the rest ; imder 
parts of the body somewhat paler tlian the upper; vent, and under 
tail coverts white ; quills very dark, marbled with white on the inner 
webs, and reach to the end of the tail, one-third of which, from the 
base, is while, t^;e rest black, with the end, for half an inch, dusky 
white; shape even at the end, or nearly so; legs stout, scal\, 
y<llow; claws excessively long and hooked, black; the legs bare 
behind, but feathered to nearly half way before 

Inhabits Senegal. — Mr. H. l3rogdeu. 



126.— BUFF-HEADED FALCON. 

LENGTH 17 inches; bill stout, pale lead, with the ridge ami 
end pale horn-colour; head and neck pale buff, with darker streaks: 
behind the eyes a narrow black streak, for about one inch beyond it ; 
plumage above plain, deep brown, beneath and under wing coverts 



FALCON. 



U)}) 



ImfV-coloiir ; oliin nearly white ; of the quills tiie third is tlie 
ioiiuest, the fnst two inrhes ami a halt' shorter ; the first six quills 
white halt' way from the base, and the ends reach to two-thirds of 
the len«;th on the tail, which is ten inches lonff, nearly even; from 
the base to two-thirds butl', crossed with six or seven oblique brown 
and pale mottled bars, the rest brown ; legs jiale ash-colour ; claws 
black, and hooked. 

Inhabits Senegal. — Mr. H. Brosden. 



127.— SENEGAL FALCON 



■ J 



LEXCiTII 11 inches; bill pah- yellow, stout, the nppor man- 
<!i1)l<' furnished with a notch, aud slightly curvetl at the [)oint ; sides 
of the head, chin, and throat cinereous w hite : throuiih the eve a 
broad black streak, endiuu' in a point half an inch liehind ; top of 
the head to the nape rufous brown, streakeil with black; the under 
parts white, passiug in a riusj;- round the neck, below the najie ; all 
of which, as far as the belly, are marked with slender streaks of 
i>lack, broader beneath ; lower belly, thighs, and vent plain ; colour 
of the plumage, on the upper parts of the body, plain brown, 
streakeil down the shafts with bla(.'k ; lesser wing coverts marked 
with a curve of black near the end, *!i t others with pale margins ; 
quills dark brown, edged outwardly with pale rufous; tail six 
inches long, cuneiform, the outer feathers an inch and a half 
shorter than the middle, colour as the quills ; legs ash-colour. 

Inhabits Senegal. — In the same collection as the two last. 







200 



PALCOX. 



128— TAWNY-HEADED FALCON. 



LENGTH 11 in. Bill pale blue, with a deep and conspicuous 
notch nefir the tip ; base yellowish ; head and neck tawny ; crown 
darkest ; chin and throat very pale ; plnniaye on the upper parts of 
the body dove-colour, crossed with nunierons tine bars of Iead-coloni\ 
beneath from the breast tlie same, but paler; under wiuiif coverts 
barred dusky and white; the second quill ihe ongest ; tail barred 
above half the length pale dove-colour, with narrow dusky bars, 
from thence to the end blackish, tip nearly white ; quills reach 
three-fourths on the tail ; thighs well feathered, long and .slender; 
legs the .same, pale yellow; claws black and hooked. 

Inhabits Senegal. — In the collection of Mr. 11. Urogden, as 
well as in that of Mr. Comvns. 



129.— LIBYAN FALCON. 



. i i 


i 


111 




:r:r i'^ 




H 


■ . ■ 1 


• 







1 !| -i: 




SIZE of the Tawny-headed ; length IHin. ; bill moderate in 
size, with a very conspicuous notch near the tip, colour diisky ; base 
and cere yellow ; crown and nape behind pale tawny, with a 
minute line of dusky down each .shaft, palest on the neck behind ; 
round the eye and beneath it dusky black ; back and wings deep 
brownish dove-colour, crossed with dusky bars, less numerous and 
Inoader than in the Tawny-headed ; qiiills <hisky, marked on the 
inner wel)s with oval white spots for three-foiuths of the length ; 
under wing coverts marbled dusky and white; chin and throat rufous 



FALCON. 



201 



white, breast, belly, and tliiu;lis pale rufous, streaked down the 
shafts with dusky; tail alternately barred blaek and pale dove-colour, 
five or six bars of each, one nearest the end much broader; the 
<iuills rea.h fully to the end of the tail ; legs red ; claws moderately 
hooked, pale. 

In the co'lection of Mr. Coniyns. In many things it agrees with 
the Tawny-headed, but the legs are shorter, and the claws less 
sharp ; in both the wings are as long as the tail. Said to have been 
I >rought from Senegal . It is probably a variety of the last described . 



130.— IIED-NOSED FALCON. 

LENGTH 14 inches; l)ill stout, hooke«l, at the end a notch, 
the tip much bent; cere rather elevated, red; base of both nian- 
n'lbles pale red ; general colour of the plumage above pale lead- 
< olour, beneath from the breast wliite, crossed with numerous tine 
blackish lines; down the middle of the chin a streak, composed of 
blackish feathers; under wing coverts white, the outer edge of the 
wM.gs the same, for about half way; second quills barred with dark 
an.l white, the greater much the same, barred within: the third quill 
the longest, the outer one being two inches and a half shorter ; tail 
hve inches long, first white at the base, then black, and at an imh 
and half from the end a bar of white; the quills reach more than 
halt way on the tail; legs very robust, scaly, dull yellow; claws 
black and hooked. 

Inhabits Senegal.— In the collection of Mr. H. Brogden. 



VI 



VOL. I. 



D D 



20-2 



FALCON. 



101 — CUEY-WINCiED KESTRIL. 

LENGTH I'iin. IJill yellow, tip dusky ; cere and eyelids 
yellow and bristly ; nostrils round ; irides dark brown ; head and 
neck behind plain ju^rey ; ohin white ; general colour of the body 
chestnut brown, paler beneath, especially towards the belly, on 
«hich, as well as the sides, are a few small, oblong, dusky spots, 
one on each feather towards the shaft ; upper wing coverts, over the 
second quills, grey like the head ; bastard wing, and coverts over 
the prime (juills, blackish; under wing cijveits white, those next the 
body brown at the ends ; greater (juills black, inner edges white, 
the second longest ; the second (juills dusky grey, not barred ; rump 
and upper tail coverts white; tail rounded, grey, near th' p a broad 
bar of black, but the tip is white; length of it near > 'lies, the 

wings, when closed, reach to within half an inch of the end ; legs 
naked, yellow ; claws black. 

This is found at Calcutta the whole vear, and builds on trees ; 
is one of the small Hawks which frequent the villages, and by the 
natives of Hindustan called Tormooty, Dr. Buchanan, from wliose 
notes the above is copied, seems to think it allied to the Hen-Harrier, 
but it appears equally to approach to the male of the Kestril, varying 
from it chiefly in the large, longitudinal grey patch ou the wing, 
for in the tail it exactly corresponds. 



f 



FALCON. 



203 



la >.-~UL FOUS-lJAt Ivi:d kkstri l. 

Fiiho rup'noliis, /»!(/. Orn. Sup. p. ix. I.evtiil. 0<». i. pi. IJO. Dniid ii. 135. 
Itur()\is-l)iick«'(l K<v>tiil, f.V«. .S'yw. Suj). ii. p. 45. 



I 'i 



!i/i '• 



BKifiER than tlie male Kestril, tlioiiuh rpseni])lins: it in 
iVature ; hill l»la<k ; cere and leijs yellow ; lu.ul rnt'ons, inclining to 
1 Mown at the nape; hack rntous, marked with hhiek orescents; tail 
pale rnlons, <'i-o.ssed with several hr<»wn hands ; chin white; under 
parts of the body rufous, streaked with dusky down the middle of 
the shaft, hut the lower belly, vent, and thighs are the same, on a 
pale .urey ground; jpiills black above, and barred beneath with 
white; under wina; coverts rufous white, spottetl with dusky; tail 
rounded at the end, and the (juills reach to about the middle of it. 

The female exceeds the male, a little, in size. 

This is connnon in the nei<;hbourho(Hl of the Cape of Good 
Hope, called there l{ooye-\'alk (Hed Falcon), and Steen-Valk 
(Stone Falcon), also .seen in all parts of Africa in mountainous and 
rocky places ; is generally in the same place throuiihout the year ; 
feeds on small (juadrupeds, lizards and insects ; Ixiilds the nest 
among the sharp rocks, unsheltered, compo.sed of dry twigs and 
grass, carelessly put together, and lays from six to eight deep rutbus 
eggs. It is a tierce and daring bird, and at the sight of any one 
utters a noise like the words cri-cri, many times repeated, especially 
in the breeding season. 

Among the drawings of the Indian subjects, in the collection of 
Sir J. Anstruther, are several birds appearing as varieties of the 
Kestril, but not meriting particular description. These pass by 
different names ; those most like the male birds are called Carunira — 
the females Dourie Jogia ; yet in some drawings, in which both 

D d2 



(I 



'*^\'f\ 




204 



FALCON, 



seves are painted, tlie neiiera! luune ^iven jointly is Carogia ami 
Koonniooly, I observe U>o, in Lord Monntnorris's ilrawings, a bird 
about 14 ill. lonif, witli the appearance of a female Kestril — this was 
nanted C'iuckotiah, and came from the proNJuce of Oude. 



i I 



laS.—SIIAUP-TAlLEI) KESTRTL. 



riji, 



vu 



Tins has the habit of a Kestril. Itill sini,uhir in shape, having 
a remarka)>!e protuberance wiJhin the middle tm each sitle of tl.e 
upper mandible, eoloiu l)Iue ; eere yellow ; head fine pale ash- 
colour ; the rest of the plumai^e like that of a Kestril, but plain ; 
the greater wing coverts barred ; the «pulls much elongated, njirrow, 
and pointed; rump an<l iwo middle tail feathers dove-colour, like 
the head, the end for thrte-fourths black ; the others pale rufous, 

crosse(i nilh ten or twelve l)ars of black, that nearest the end broad ; 
these are all shorter than tin; two middlle ones by three-fourths of an 

inch, and in all of them the shafts project in a point beyond the tip ; 

all the tail feathers, except the pointed tips, are stpiareat the ends ; 

quills and tail even in length, the latter long ; breast, belly, and 

thighs, pale rutVtus, spotted on the sides of the belly and u»>der the 

wings; thighs full of feathers ; legs yellow, short. 

I found a tine figure of this l\rd among the drawings of Mr. 

Dent, but without any name annexed — supposed to come from 

fndia. 




FAI.COV. 



2i)r) 



134— CA LCTTTA SPAUROW-IIAWK. 



LENTiTII 13 indies; 1)i]l black; cere yellow; iriiles re«l ; 
|iliinia_L',e above brownish ash-eolour; chin, ami lore |>art oi" theneik 
uhite; cheeks cijiereous white ; siiles of the neck rnfons ; beneath, 
(Voni the throat, <lnsky white, crossetl with nnnierons rnfoiis bars, in 
the maimer of the SpaiTow-IIawk ; thighs, hmer belly, vent, and 
nmler winy; and tail coverts plain white ; the greater wini>- coverts, 
next the body, have a lariie white space on the inner Mcbs; (piills 
<hisky white on the inner webs, on which are several black bars; llie 
se<'</:il quills incline to ash-colonr ; tail tive inches lonii", ronnded, 
a<h-C(donr, tippe<l ^ith white; all, except the two middle feathers, 
white on the inner Mebs; the three next, on each side of the two 
juiddle ones, have a lariie black spot near the extremities, and all, 
except the two nsi<l<lle, have some black bars on the innt-r w<,'bs . 
win,ii:s reach to the middle of the hiil ; leys yellow; claws bhck, the' 
hind one the lariiest: at the back part of the le;L!;, about one third 
from the joint, a protuberance or knob. 

The female is I3.j inches lonii' : irides bright yellow, surromnhd 
with a black rini;-; plnma<;e above brown; evebrows naked and 
|)i<>minent; cliin white, in the midille a longitudinal brown stripe; 
beneath, as far as the breast, brown, transversely barred w ith w hite, 
the rest as in the male. 

This bird is very conunon about Calcutta, remaining there all 
tlieyear; builds on trees, an«l preys on small bir«ls. The nnde is 
called Chipna, and the female Siccara, and sometimes Dhow tee- 
This, at tirst sight, appears to be the Sparrcjw-irawk, yd is probably 
distinct. The Mawing of China comes nearer in resemblance. I 
am indebted, for the description of the above, to Dr. Buchanan. 




' ,^L— an 


it. 










1 




i 


: r 



III, 



206 



FALCON. 



O ^e, supposed to be a female, is 13^ ' i. loni?, and weighs six 
ounces and ten drams ; bill black ; cere greenish yellow ; irides 
yellow ; plumage above deep ferruginous brown, fringed with 
terruginous ; cheeks, under the eyes ash-coloiu' ; all the under parts 
while; breast, belly, and thighs sparingly marked with large, 
irregular blotches of dull ferruginous, but on th*» lower belly these 
are mostly transverse ; vent white; quills and tail cineieous brown, 
the latter a trifle rounded, crossed with foiu' deep brown bars, one 
near the tip, but the end is wliite; legs yellow green. 

This is called Ijessra, and said to be the female of the Dhotee, 
and used in falconry, Ciitching Crows, 31inahs, &c. in the month 
Assin, and continueil for six months. 

Among the drawings of Sir J. Anstruther, I observe one, which 
a|ipears to be a variety ; on the upper parts the whole is tine pale 
l)hie-grey, beneath dusky white; thighs and vent quite white; 
breast crossed with numerous pale ferruginous bars; quills duskv 
black ; tail long, pale blue-grey, crossed with five or six dusky bars ; 
bill black; cere and legs yellow; the wings reach one-third on the 
tail. 

This inhabits India; found at Bengal; in the drawing it is 
called the female Sparrow-llawk ; the native name Shekea. 

In another drawing I find a dusky patch on the sides of the 
head in which the eye is placed. From the above account we may 
suppose this bird to be subject to great variety of plumage. 



J 



I? i 



!l! 



'11 



FALCON. 



207 



135— BASSUN FALCON, 

LENGTH 14 inches; weight 7 ounces 11 drams, and about tlie 
same size and figure of tlie Sparrow-Hawk ; phimage above hke tliat 
bird ; at the beginning of tlie back a small white patch or two : hind 
|>art of the neck marked with brown spots ; beneath white, crossed 
with curved, pale, dusky, cordatec streaks, pointed on the under 
part ; quills dark ; tail brown, crossed with four dark bands, the ends 
paler, in shape even ; the wings reach to near three-fourths of the 
length : legs pale yellow ; claws blackisli, differing from our 
Sparrow-Hawk in having no bed of white at the nape, and the 
transverse bands on the belly less numerous. 

The female, called Bassa, is much the same, but the colours 
mcAs dull ; beneath, for the most part, the feathers have pale rufous 
stieaks down the middle, and across the breast and belly some 
irregular dusky brown blotches ; thighs in both pale ; tail as in the 
n.ale ; over the eye, from the forehead, a broad, mixed, white trace, 
less seen in the male. 

Inhabits India, abou. I'uttehghur— Gen. Hardwicke. 



-jto^miij'' 



208 



FALCON. 



13G— BENGAL FALCON. 

Falco ca'rulosci'ns, Iiul.Oni. \. p. 50 Liii.Sj/st. i. 125. Cm. Liii.\. 285. Dand. li. 

145. Gain. Oni. i. p. 44. i\ I. Sliaw's Zuol. vii. 208. t. 27. 
Fiilco Bt'iigaleiisis, }iris.y\. ii])p. p. 20. /</. 8vo. i. 119. 
Little hliick and orange Indian Hawk, Etlw. pi. 108. 
Ben}^al Falcon, Cat, Si/ii. i. 112. 

THE lengtli of this is only 6} in. Bill hlackisli ; cere ami eye- 
lids yellow ; torelieiul white ; the e^e placed in a naked yellow .skin, 
roinid which is a bed of black, passing downward a little way on 
» ach side of the neck, and this again bonnded by black ; general 
colour of plumage above purplish bla<'k ; beneath orange, paler on 
the breast; tail black, the two middle feathers plain, the others 
barred on the inside with white ; legs yellow, claws black. 

Inhabits Bengal. Mr. Edwanis observes, that it is feathered 
below the knees, and, for so small a bird, is remarkably stout, full 
as much in pro|)ortion as in an Eagle, 

Among some Fiidian drawings .icli came under my inspection, 
is one which I suspect to be the female; length eight inches; bill 
dusky blue; plumage dusky black, the edges of the feathers paler, 
Iteueath nearly white, with obsolete, pale streaks down the shafts 
of the feathers, the white taking a curve behind the eye; four or 
more, cf the middle tail feathers duskv brown black, crossed with 
five or six pale ruf<Mis bars; ;uid one, or more, of the outer ones 
barre<l whitish and ash-(.»lour; legs blue. 



:l il^ 



A — Lengtli (\\ inches ; bill and legs dusky; fore part find sides 
of the head, and all beneath, white, passing round the lower j)art 
of the neck as a narrow collar; hind half of the crown, the nape, 






r.iLco.v. 



20.0 



and neck heliiiid •lef]) blue I)la(k; Lick, wiu;rrs ami two middle 
tail leathers the same, the others mottleil with dusky in bars; thighs 
an«l vent rutons ; on the oliin and fore part of the lieek a lari;e, \niUi 
rufous sjK.t; the wings, when closed, reach to the middle "f the 
tail. 

Inhabits India ; met with near Sylhet. In another drawini;, 
the forehead, as far a.^ the middle of the crown, the whole sides of the 
head and neck, to the belly are white, crossing- in a narrow rin;-.- at 
the lower part of the neck ; chin, throat, thi-hs, and vent, rufous ; 
the eye surrounded with black, which curves downward for some way 
onthene<k; bill, cere, and leys, lead-colour. 

The Ueni>al Falcon is also found in Java, but the specimens are 
smaller, ami somewhat ditleringin plumai^e, >\hieh is in i^eneral on 
the upper parts and hypochondres, Idack ; forehead, chin, throat, 
a streak over the eye, ajul axiUaries, white ; cpiills and tail feathers 
fasciated with white on the iimer webs; belly and fore part of the 
.shins inclined to ferruginous. Called in Java, Allap, or Allap- 
Allap.* 



ifi' 



137— SOOLO FALCOX. 

Fiilco Sulofii^is, Lhi. Trans, xili. p. 1:37.— Ilorslkld. 

LEXGTri 1 1 inches. Plumage alnne cinereous lead-colour ; 
beneath dusky ferru-inous ; <piills black ; wing- eoverts white at the' 
base ; tail feathers, the outer one excepted, bandeil with black ; the 
nnder part whitish. 

Inhabits Java, and there called Allap-Allap-lallar. 



VOL. I. 



* Lin. Trana. v. xiii. p. 135.— IIoisHuld. 

£e 



' '( 




''!J Jl 



210 



FALCON. 



1.38-CIITPUCK FALCON. 

LENGTH 11 in. Bill black; <;ere pale yellow; liead inarke<l 
with dusky and wliitisli spots ; back deep brown, maruins ot tlie 
teatliers fringed with ferruuinons ; scapidars marked with five or six 
white spots ; throat, neck, and breast, wliite, with large broad, 
brown sti'eaks ; thighs the same, but the streaks fewer ; l)elly and 
vent white ; tail four inches long, pale brownish ash-cohjur, crosse«l 
with five bars of black, the first at the base, the fifth close to the 
ends of the feathers, but the very tips beyond are white; the twc^ 
middle ones nearly lead-colour, with very obsolete bars; legs long, 
pale yellow; claws black, 

Inhabits India, and there known by the name of Chipuck. Tt 
seems to have great affinity to the Pigeon-Hawk. 



.. I 



i 1 

I ! 

•J 
III': 


• 
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1 

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139.— BROWN'S HAWK. 

Fulco Ixidiiis, /«</. Oni, i. A'-i. (im. Lin, i. 280. Datid. ii. 80. 

Fal(.'o Browiiii, Shaw's Zaol. vii. 101. 

[Jrowii Hawk, Gen, Si/ii, \. \).'X>. ilrown. 111. \>,(}, 1.3. 

LENGTH 13 inches. Bill blue, with a black tip ; irides yellow : 
plumage above brown ; wing coverts edged with white ; scapulars 
bruwn, s|)otted with white; <piills <lusky, edged with pale l)rown ; 
lore pait of the neck, and un<ler jiarts white, crossed with nimn rrtiis 
semi-circular yellow lines; tail marked with four dusky lines; legs 
very pale yellow 



FALCON. 



211 



Tiilia])its Ceylon ; dLScribed by Mr. Brown in his Illustrations 
of Zooluuy. 



140— SPECKLED SPARROW-HAWK. 



F;ih-<> Tacliivo, Tnd.Orn. Sup. ]i.x\. Levuil.'x. p. 100, DtiHd.W. p. 90. Shaw's Zoo/, 

vii. ihn. 

Speckled Sparrow-Haw k, Ceii, Si/n, Sup.iu p. 51. 



THIS is little inferior in size to the Sparrow- 1 lawk. Tlie bill 
bluish; iri<les the colour of ir;|)uz? ; the head and luck varied with 
white and rufous, with spots of ])mwn black; breast white, mixed 
with rufous; above the body dull brown for the most part, beneath 
white, shaded with rufous, and marked with brown spots, like 
crescents : tips of the cjuills white ; tail as lonif as the body, brown 
aljove, crossed with bauds of deeper brown ; beneath it white, 
banded with blai^kish ; the cjuills reach to the middle; lejus yellow. 

The female is less brii>ht in colour. 

Inhabits the interior of the Cape of Good Hope ; found only in 
the deep forests borderinu: Queer Boom, and those of }Iottni<|iia 
Lan<l, and makes the nest between the forks of the branches of lireat 
trees, formed of small twiu's an«l moss; has three youny- at a time: 
sup[)osed to feed on small birds, without distinction, bui nourishes 
the yomiu," with grasshoppers; has a j)iercinij^ lurfe, like Cri-cri often 
repeated; the eiigs are white, marked with rufous spots. 



I - ! 



F. E 2 




■ ll 
• 1 



•V 1 « 



FALCON, 



141— RED-LEGGED FALCON. 



FhIco Giilmr, IikI. Orii. Sup, p. x, Z)(/m(/. ii. S7. Sliaw^s Zoul, \u. "iO'i. 
Lf Gabar, Lccail. Oi.s.\. p. 1:J(). pi. :33. 
EptTvit'r (iabar, Duud.W, p. J". 
Ktcl-lt'f;i;ed Falcon, GV«. .S'//h. .S'Hy>. ii. p. 47. 



I I 



i \ 



J':i 



SIZE of the Sparrow-IIiiwk, and the wings, as in that ]>irtl, 
<h) not reac'li nuicli beyond tlie ruinj), but it is stonter in ])io|)ortion. 
and tlie tail rather shorter. The bill is black; cere and lens fine red; 
irides yellow ; head, neck, npper ])arts of the Ixuly, and win^s, 
liiey Inown ; npper and lower tail coverts white ; quills dusky, 
banded beneath, and the second (piills tipped with white ; tail even, 
liiuuled darker and lighter brown, 1)eneath the same with l)laek and 
\\\\\{e ; from the chin to the breast bluish grey, and from thence to 
the vent dusky white, crossed with li -' /rown bands. 

The female is one-third larger thuii the male. 

Inhabits the Cape of Good Hope but found only in the interior 
parts, on the borders of the river Swarte-kop and Sondag, also about 
Karow, Camdeboo, and other parts, but not at the Cape itself; said 
to lay about four white eggs, the size of those of the Sparrow-Haw U, 
and to hatch in September. 



( i: 



FALCON. 



2V4 



14>.— I)^VA«F FALCON. 

Falco niinnlliis, Tiid. Oni. Sup. p. x. Lcvjil.Oi.s. i. jil. 34. Duttd. ii. p. S8. .S7i«m'V« 

/oo/. vii. "JOrj. 
Dwiirl' Falioii, (Jen. Si/ii, Sup, ii. p. 48. 



a, 

.1: 
cv. 
>n<l 



Hit 

lid 
k. 



LESS than the Merlin, hut with the proportions of theSpnm>\v- 
Hawk, on a smaller scale. Bill black ; cere and legs yellow ; irides 
yellow orange; ivpper pails of the body, wings, and tail, browij! 
beneath white, with a few brown spots on the throat, which inrrea^e 
in size on the breast, and become transverse bars on the liellv and 
thighs ; the (lujllsreich a trifle beyond »he base of the tail, which is 
even at the end ; tlie prime quills banil> with white >n the inivii 
webs, the secon<'aries the same, but the . nids are broader; inuhr 
wing coverts rufous, spotted with ^vhite ; tail brown, marke«l >\ ith 
obsolete darker bands, which are whitish on the inner webs. 

Inhabits the Cape of Good Hope : is a bold sj)ecies, generally 
j)reying on smaller birds* and grasshoppers — drives away the Shrike 
from its quarters, as well as many biitls of prey larger than itself, 
even IJu/.zards and Kiie<. 

The male and female generally seen together; build on trees, 
making a nest of flexible twigs intermixed with moss and leaves, 
Avith a lining of wool and feathers ; the female lays five eggs spotted 
with brown, and is nearly twice the size of the male. 



* M. Levuillant obserre*, that one was so daring a* to take a bird from the table ut 
which he sat, wliile lie was preparing others. 



w 

t, ■ 


»T"Tf 


1 
i = 


f 



214 



FALCON. 



I !i 




'I, .,f"! 



143— MINUTE FALCON. 



Fako minntU!*, Ind. Oru. \. p. 50. Lin. i. 131. Bri$,\, 315. pi. 30. f. i. 

p. 01, (in,. Lin. \. 285; 
Falco Biissoiiiaiiiis, Sliuw\s Zool, vii. 203. 
iNIimitf Falcon, d'cw. .S'//h. i, p. 112. 



/(/. Svo. 



LESStlian the Merlin; length llfin.^ bill black; cere biwvn; 
plumage above brown, variegated witli rufous ; at the back of the 
head a niixtiu'e of white ; throat and fore part of the neck white, 
.sjM»tted with rufou.s brown, the rest of the under parts white, with 
transverse rufous brown stripes; under tail coverts white ; under w ing 
coverts dirty white, with brown spots ; quills brown, baired within 
with darker brown; tail brown, with six bands of a diuker colour ; 
legs yellow ; claw s black. 

M. Brisson describes another, which had only four bunds on tiie 
tail, and the breast marked >vith spear-shaped spots. 

Inhabits the Island of Malta. 



FALCON. 



21.> 



♦ # * 



NEfF HOLLAND, cjr 



144— MOrXTAIX EAGLE. 

Moui.tuin Eagle, Col/ins's yen- South WaUs, ii. p. 2^7. j,!. ,„ do. 

THrS bird is desiM-ibed as bein.i; of a larije size, slwiulin.- iu 
leiol.t abo,it five feet. In tl.e plate it appears to be wholly i.f a 
bnnymsli lead-colour, with a wax-coloured cere, reaching.- 1.. thr , ve; 
the feathers of the crown lon^^ enough to form a kintl of cr.st n h^icli 
IS rufous yellow at the tip ; ends of the win- coverts dull rufous ; (he 
Ml IS pale dusky brown ; quills and tail nearly of equal leu-ths. (Iu 
latter pointed ; legs cinereous yellow. 

Said to have been found in JJroken IJay, Xew-IIo||au.l mIuiv 
it M'as wounded, and secured by Captain A\'aterhou.se, but not knouu 
by the c«,lonists, none of them reniend>enn,if tf) have seen i( bcfoie • 
Avhilst lying at the bottom of a boat, with the lei-s lied, it is sai.l \u 
have driven the talons through a man's foot; and was so mu<-h an 
object of wonder and fear, anu.ng the natives, that noue <,f them 
would go near it; and they asserted, that it would carrv oil' ., midclje 
s./ed kangaroo ; it lived with them ten davs, and wJuld only take 
food from one person; after this, it divided the rope it nas fa'stened 
with, and made its escape. 

A similar bird to the above was three feet in leniith. Hill deep 
brown, from the point to the gape three in<hes ; ' head snior.th • 
feathers of the neck sharp pohited, colour brown, with pahred-vs' 
and blackish shafts ; back and wings dee'^, brown, marked with •, 
few paler spots on the greater coverts, and second (luilis; ureater 
qndls black, the first five iuch.^s longer than the second (he bise 
much marked with white within ; under parts of the l.ody, and under 




210 



FAIJCOS. 




\^ inif coverts pale niloiis brow n ; oliin and vent much paler than tlie 
ic«»t ; tail rounded at the eiul, the two middle feathers twelve inclus 
lonii", the exterior scarcely ten ; colour tluskv, mottled with white • 
the eiuls, for two or three inches, tlusky, and all pointed at the tips ; 
les;s stout, feathered over the knees, ami yellow. 

I found a loose skin of one of these in the Jiritish Mum um, 
hrouiiht from \ew-IIolland. 

Anionuthe drawinusof Mr. Dent, is the tiuureof a l>ird, which 
r suppose to he a variety of the JMountain Kanle. The bill stout, 
lead-colour; cere yellow; plumage in general deep lead-coloiir, 
approachiutf to bhu'k ; wing coverts cinereous, the feathers crossed 
>vitli tine «lusky lines, and the larger ones barred with the same ; 
belly and tliighs ash-c<doure<l, with transverse dusky lines, and tlie 
teathers of the latter reaching lialf over the legs; tail short, roinuled, 
the wings reacliing to the end of it; legs dusky yellow; cla>\s 
crooked, black. 



14^3— LACTEOUS EAGLE. 



' ^■^lit 



! i., 



I-M 



I 

I ^ ., 1 



THIS is of a considerable size, being 2ft. lOin. in length. The 
bill is black ; cere yellow; plumage wholly milk-white; tail lOin, 
long, and even at the end ; legs .stout, yellow. 

Inhaljits New-Holland, and is, in make and shape, not unlike 
the Hen-Harrier, but the legs are stouter. 

I observe a similar one among some New-Hollan<l drawings, in 
the collection of Mr. Francillon. This, however, ditTers in having 
tbe cere and leg.s orange-colour ; the <|uills reach about one-fourth 
on the tail. 

The name known by in New-Holland is Goo-loo-bee. 



FALCOy. 



217 



M({_^K^v.I^oLLA^D white eagle. 



Falco 



Fairo novd. II,.llnn,ln,., /„,/. Orn. i. ,,. l(i. Cm. JJ„. i. 2((4, 7)a«,/. „. p. 50. 
Fiilco iilldis, Shdir's Zoo/, vli. p. !)-2. 

.\ew-Mol|..„.| Mhit. Ea,l., f.V„. ,S>.. i. ,,.40. /,/. ,V„/,. ,.. ,.... „./„,,., rou. „1. 
1 1. "JoO. •' ' 



LI':XGT1I 2(Mn. Cne and oibifs yellow; fl,e uliole of flu. 
I.Iunn.,i.e pure ul.ite ; legs yellow ; the hind daw double the lenuth 
ot the others. 

Inhabits Xew-IIoIland. First connnnnirated to nie by the late 
Dr. J. K. Forster; one of these formerly in the eolIe<tion of Sir Jos 
Hanks, JJart. and presented by him to the Jhitish Museum I1u- 
(l.iills white, like the rest of the plunuioe, and reaeh only to the 
beomnn.i. of the tail. This is eoi.siderably smaller thau the last, and 
may not iinprolwbly ditler from it iu sex. 



147.-BLACK-EYED EAGLE. 

Fal.'o mdaiiops, /„,/. On,. Sup. p. xii. Shuw', Zuol. vii. I73. 
lilack-f_v(.(l Falcon, (ieii. Si/n. ,S„;j. ii. 52. 



•f '■ t I 



■'■ '■'. 'i 



LLNG 1 II ;j-l or .35 in. Dill black, pale about the nostrils; the 
head and neek ash-colour ; eye placed in a triangular rufous patch 
but nnineduitely round the eye black; the back, win-s, and tail' 



vol.. I. 



Ff 



1 ^jJ^'^-Tr-y 



llii 



% 



218 



FALCON. 



tlusky brown, the last longish ; round the lower parts of the neck 
ant' all beneath ferruginous, crossed with numerous fine lines of 
)»lnish ash-colour; legs pale retl. 
Inhabits \ew-IIolland. 



IWii 


H 


It 




• 1 


'■li 



148.-WKITE-IIEADED RUFOUS EAGLE. 



m 



' ^.i 



LENT/VH between three and four feet. Bill yellowish horn- 
«•( lour ; irides orange ; head, neck, and breast white; the rest of the 
phnnage in general <lidl rufous, or rust colour; tail nnioh roun<lfd iit 
the end, but scarcely enough to be called cuneifonn ; quills black, 
reaching three-fourths on the tail ; legs dull yellow. 

Inhabits Nevv-IIolland, and there called Girrcnera. It is |n»»- 
hiiblc, that pari of its food consists in sucking the eggs of otlu r 
birds, as in the stomach of one was found a considerable quantify of 
the shells; it is also said to live nnich on fish. At iirst sight it might 
be taken lor a variety of tlie Pondicherry s[)ecies, but «litfirs in not 
liiiving tiie tlark lines down the shafts of the feathers, independent 
of tile shape of the tail, which is nearly even in the last named bird. 



FALCON. 



210 



1 40.— NE>V-II0LLAN1> FALCON. 



LENGTH 1ft. 10 in. Bill black-brown, with a considerable 
swellini*', Imt no notch in the npper mandible; halt" of the under one 
and «;ere, as also between the bill and eye, yellow; the lore sparinnly 
beset with haii s ; phnnage above deep chocolate brown, with a 
mixture of white at the l)ack of the neck ; wiui^ coverts brown, the 
lower series marked at the tip with rufous ; untler wiuii' coverts 
marbled with ]>ale rufous; (|uills marked with tive or si\ obscure 
darker bars ; iail brown, ten inches lonu-, with three liroad Ijars of 
black ; one at the base, another across the middle, and the third near 
the end, the tip rufous; all the feathers nearly equal in leniith; 
beneath, from the chin, a\ holly white; the feathers streaked with 
brown down the middle, but more narrow as they proceed down- 
wards, and on the belly are mere lines ; thighs feathered below the 
joint ; the wings reach beyond the middle of the tail ; legs stout, 
scaly, two inches long, yellow ; shins featliere«l half the length ; 
<'laws bla<'k. 

Inhabits New South Wales. — Li the collection of the late (u^w. 
Davies ; we have seen it also m that of Mr. Bullock. 



hi 



150— ASil-HEADED FALCON. 



LENCiTII about 30 in. Bill .stout, with a conspicuous notch, 
colour black ; cere pale yellow ; head, and part of the neck fine 



F F 2 



m 




! hh 



'220 



FALCON. 



asli-colour; round tlie ej^es pale ferrngiiums, but the eye itself is 
placed in a bed of l)lack, and a slender black streak above it ; the 
rest of the neck, and all beneath, dull pale ferru;:;inons, A\ifli 
luunerous pale lines, edited with dusky beneath ; back, Minus, aiul 
tiiil bnmii, with some niottlinys of a darker colour on Ihe first; the 
last lona,", even at the end, and the wings reach one-fomth on it ; 
legs long, slender, didl red. 

Inhabits New-Holland. — Mr. Francillou. 



151.— PORT JACKSON FALCON, 



■i ■ 

■ 

if: 


■ 



■'I- i 



<! : 




' 1 i ' . 






: 111 ' 




i'li^'Hi 


ilHH '-' 
■ffla- i' 




i 


1 


iflnH'-' 

Wm'K 

Hi 


b 



THIS is a large species, being in height 28 in. as it slands erect. 
Bill stout, notched, dusky; cere ash-colour; head, neck, and under 
parts white ; behind the neck the feathers streaked with black, but 
the lower part of it, the back, and wings are brown; the feathers in 
ueneral edged with light dun-colour ; wing coverts white about the 
slioulder; lower coverts and pinions marked with large brown spots; 
insides of the wings and tail pearly grey; tail short, brown, the 
(juills reaching nearly to the eml of it; legs very stout, and wart\ : 
(laws large, lH>oked, black. 

Inhabits New South A\^ales ; seen about Port Jackson. — In the 
( ollection of General Davies. In another .specimen, from \\hich a 
ilrau ing \vas taken, the base half of the tad is black brow n, the re^t 
white to the end. 



FALCON. 



221 



A.— Height, wlien standinn^, 29 in. Bill and cere pale lnowii ; 
l)luinage in general, above brown, beneath dun, or brownish creani- 
«N>Ionr, paler on the belly and thighs, the latter marked witii 
whitish spots ; wings deep brown ; edges of the feathers of the wing 
<'0verts whitish ; qnills black ; inside of the wings spotted brown 
and w hite, and of the qnills brown black ; tail brown, very short, 
the feathers pale on the edges, and the qnills reach rather beyond tl 
end ; legs very stout, scaly, yellow ; claws black. 



le 



152.— WINKING FALCON. 

Falco connivens, TmL Orn. Sup. p. xii. Shaiv\s Zou/. vii. 180. 
Winking Falcon, f^ni. Si/n. Sup. \i. p. 53. 



SIZE of the Ringtail; length 18 or 1.9 in. Bill pale, with a, 
black point; irides yellow; general colour of the plumage deep 
chocolate brown, spotted Avith rusty white on the lower part of the 
neck l)ehind, and on the axillariesof the wings ; the quills oldiquelv 
and the tail feathers transversely, barred witli the same; under pai-s,' 
as far as the breast, dirty yellowish white, marked with short dusky 
streaks ; legs covered to the toes, with pale ash-coloured feathers : t,„-\ 
yellow, claws hooked, black. Souu^ birds are without auy white on tlu^ 
lower part of the ne.;k behiud, but marked with white on the axillari.s. 

Inhabits New-Holland; said to have a wonderful facuHy of ,„n- 
tracting and dilating the iris. The name of the bird is Goora-a-iiauu . 



m^ " 



■HHliir 


■ 


nHlmlll ' 





22*2 



FALCON. 



133 -KAmATEB FALCON— Pl. XI. 



m 



Falro riuliatns, Ind. Orn, Sup. p. xii. ,S7irtH-',« Zool. vii. 177. 
Hmliiitc'd Fiik'Dii, ticii. Si/ii, Siij). \\. \K^i-i, pi. cxxi. 




THIS ill 22 inrlips Ioug,-, and four ieet bitKid in extent of vinff. 
Jiill ))laok, with a l>liie tinge; cere, and space round the eye blue; 
irides brown ; plumaije in general fine rust-colour, spotted and 
streaked all over with 1»lack, but marked on the hea<l and neck Mith 
tine lines of the same ; Avings and tail brown, with blackish or dusky 
bars; the tail very long, marked with eight or nine curved black 
Ijars, the Mings reaching to two-thirds of its length; legs blue; 
clans long, black, and sharp. 

Irdiabits New-Holland, I)ut is probably scarce, for at the time 
tills description Mas taken, only one had been met with, nailed to the 
side of a settler's hut; it is said to tly with incredible swiitness. 

Among the tlrawings of 3rr. Francillon, is one from New- 
Holland, with similar pbnnage, said to be 24 in. long; at first sight 
aj)pears the same, but the bill has a more conspicuous notch on the 
upper mandible, and the tail not half the length of the other, 
although barred across in the same manner ; legs pale. 

I suspect this last bird to have been figured from one in which 
the tail was mutilated, unless the two .sexes of the same specie.s 
should so essentially differ in that particular. 



I'lrll •:!. 



* J 



'!i|( 





FALCON. 



223 



154.— NEW-HOLLAND SPARROW-HAM K. 

Falco Nisus, /;«/. Orii. Sup. p. xi. 

New-Holland Spurrow-Hawk, GVit. Syn. Sup. ii. p, 51. 



LENGTH 18 in. Bill pale blue; irides yellow; top of the head 
asli-coloiir ; behind the neck rnfous ; back and wings dark asii- 
colour, nearly black ; breast and belly dirty white, crossed witli 
numerous pale rufous bars ; tail lon^:, dusky, with nine or ten pale 
bars ; wina:s short, reachinu- only to the base ; legs yellow. 

Inhabits New-Holland; has the manners and appearance of the 
Sparrow-Hawk. 



,f:^ 'r " 



.'i; 



I0.3.— DARK SPARROW-HAAVK. 



SIZE of the last. Rill stout, lilack ; head, and all above, 
wings, and tail deep brown; beneath wholly crossed with pale 
brown bars, on a whitish ground ; legs long and slender, as in the 
Sparrow-Hawk, dull pale yellow ; toes long, the middle one furnished 
with a kind of lobe or ap[»endage ; whigs as in the last. 

Inhabits New South Wales, and called Goo-rooing, but is uot 
common. This seems to be much allied to, if not a variety of tlie 
last described. 



H 



•>0 4 



FALCON. 



f n 



loG— LEADEN-BACKED IIAAVK. 



SrZE uiicnfiMii. Bill black; cere yellow; the baek, uiiius, 
aiul one ihini of the base of the tail, bluish lea<l-cohnir; (he rest of 
the bird wholly white; le<is stout, yellow; claws bhick ; tail nearly 
even, and the wings reat.h ahnost to the end of it. 

Inhabits \ew-JIolland.— Aniong- the drawings in the collection 
of Mr, rran<'illon, is one similar, as to distribution of colour; the 
leys flesh-colour. 



l.>7.— AXILLARY FALCON. 



Fiilco iixilliiris, Iiid. Orn. Slip. \).\x. Shaii-'s Zou/. vu. 17.3. 
Axillary Falcon, (,<ii. Si/ii. Suj>. u. [>.4'2, 




SIZE and shape of the Ilen-IIarrier, butdiffvTent in colour, and 
\\ itliout the wreathed feathers round the lower part of the head. IJill 
black; tongue bifid at the tip; irides orange; plumage above 
cinereojis blue, beneath whitish ; over the eye, and close to if, a 
long, irregular, narrow streak of black; a large, longpatc.'h of black 
also occu])ies a greater part of the wing coverts ; quills black, and 
reach to the end of the tail, the last rounded at the end, and of a 
moderate length ; legs short, stout, and pale yellow. 



i i • 'I ^ 



FALCON. 



2'2o 



Tiiliiiliits New-IIollaml, Imt is not a oominon I)ir(l. Tlie speci- 
iiKMi from uliicli tlM" (ilKtvf desoriptioii was taken l)tini>- (-anu^lit alive, 
was \^it\it for two months, and ted with small hirds, tish, is:e. 

Amony the diawinus of Cu-w. llardwieke, is a bird answeriiiii 
the ahove— lenutli I'iin.; 1)111 blaek ; tlie eye in a small patch ot" 
l)|a<'k, leniithened l)eli»ie, and pointed behiud; bend of the wiiiu 
vhite; tail jtlaiii, nearly white ; the win^s reach rather beyond the 
end, which is e\(n ; leys yellow; claws black, 

From India ; met wilh at Lnckjiow. 



lo8.— PAHAMKlTA FALCON. 



SIZE of a Mciliii, and somewhat like that l>ird. Bill small, 
bla<k; iiides yellow; ])lnina<;e above tine brown, the feathers 
maruiiied with niions; chin, throat, and breast, ldotche<l brown and 
while; belly and Jliiuhs <lnsky white, barred with rntixis; inner webs 
barred with a pale colour ; tail even at the end, crossed with twelve 
or foiidcen pale clay-coloured bars, rather obscure, except on the 
innta- webs, where they are more conspicuous ; win^s loni;-, reachinu' 
near to the end of the <;ai; legs slender, long, yellow, claws bla(>k; 
featln rsof the thighs long, reacliing half way on the shins. 

Inhabits New South W ales. 



A.— Length loin. Bill black; cere yellow; plumage above 
brownish ash-colour; beneath wholly white; quills and tail darker 

G G 



VOL. I, 








II 



tl.iiii tin; rest of tilt; |»liiiiiai>e ; tail <;iu:Iit iiu'lics loiia^, <M'o.s,setl uidi 
tut'lvd *n' toiirt«,'('n ((bsok-fc dusky bars ; quills the siuui', Itiii tli«- 
l»ars ouly ou llie iiuuT wehs; lo^s stout, .scaly, tlnvo inches in Icii;>(li. 
and y( llou, tlu; Icutlicrs hauginu,- over the joint b« 'tore ; chiws h)nu 
and |ial<'. 

Iidiabils New Suutli A\'alcs — (ouiul about Pamnietta ; pcihajis 
dilU'iinu' tioni the other oidv in sex. 




If ^ ' 



IF'"* 

m 







\i ('; r 



]j«— FAI1^ FAr.CON. 

FiiU'c) I'luriis, Fnd. Orn. Sni>. y>.x\V\, Shaw's Zoul. vVi. 1S4. 
Fuir Falcon, (t'tii. Si/iu Sup- u. |i.51. 

TUTS is altout I2in. in length. IJill pale brown; irides and 
legs yellow ; head, neck before, an<l beneath the bwly, white, but 
the <iown of the head and middle of the belly, pale blue; ba<k, 
wings, and tail, brown ; bend of the wing brownish blue, occupy- 
ing, in an oblicjue manner, above half the coverts. 

Inhabits Xew-IIolland ; manners unknown. 

Another, very .similar, spotted on the nape with black ; back 
|)aler ; tail tippe<l with pale-colour ; all beneath white, without any 
tinge of blue. Probably the female ? 






PALCOV. 



227 



IGO.— PACIFIC FALCON. 

Fiilro pacllinis, /m/. Oni. .S'h/j; p. xiii. Shnw's ZixJ. \\\. ISl!. 
Pacilic Falcon, (.'en. Syn. Sup. ii. p. 51. 



LEXCfTII from 10 to 18in. 13ill, iridos, and leys vollou- : 
hvuii and most part of 1l,e i.erk Avliile, hut the rest of the phimime 
i,^n..;rally hrown, lihjtohed on tlie hack with dark spots; h.-llv 
stnakcd with hlaok; tail h.ii- even, <ios.scd with seven or eioflt 
<'!>h(|U(,' hhick )»ars; qnills harrcd as the tail, hut the ends are hiark; 
thehreast and helly are paler than the upper parts, marked nidi 
dusky, narrow streaks; thighs and vent dusky ^hite; the (juills 
n ach to more than lialf way on the tail. 

Fnliahits \ew South ^Vales. Only one has been shot, hut 
others have heen now and theii seen, ami is therefore supposed n<»t 
lo he conunon. 



IGl,— LUXATED FALCON. 

Falco luiHilatus, Jiid. Orn. Sup. p. siii. 
Liinattd Falcon, CVh. .Vyw. .S»y;. ii. p. 54. 

LFNGTH about 12 in. Bill blue; forehead ],u/fleoIoMr • dl 
the upper parts of the plnmao-e bn»wn, also the winys and iail • 
throat, and nnder parts butt' yellow, p^ ssin- npwards in the .Ikhm" 
ot a orescent, on each side, nnder the eye, and ayain below tl 'i'. 
I)..t not so tar; the breast marked with nnmerons hrown snots- 

Ci c 2 



11 



i>-28 



FALCOX. 



Iliiuiis rrossed witli fine Ijrown lines; tlie tail somewliat onneifonn, 
and l()ni;isli ; the winns reach to about the middle of it; leus ytllow. 

Inhaliits Xew-IIollund, taken there in 3Jareh 
name (loo-roo-Vianj;-. 



The native 



] na— YELLO W-C I II :\^ ED FALCON. 



LENfiTII 18in. Bill bine, >vith a black tip; ceiv h]w : 
plnmanc above, >\ inys, and tail deep brown, or dusky black ; the 
sanu- on the sides of the neck, and breast before ; over the eye a streak 
of the colour of yellow oker; chin the same, but j)aler; sides ai' the 
throat streaked with yellow, and a few lary-e roundish spots on 
the breast; the lower pi.rt of which, the belly, and Aent, are dull 
velUm : leys creenish yellow. 

Inhabits Ne\\-Zea!i;nd. — C(donel AVoodfi>rd. 



ii( 



n :;i:lilai.i 



4 
\ii< 



1 03.— mill) JIAWK. 

LENGTH 14 or 15 inclies; the general make rather stout. 
]Vdl lead-coloiu' : cere yellowish ; top of the hej 1, and sides below 
the eyes black, giving the appearance of a hood ; the black continues 
on the na[)e, and all the under parts of the body, but inclines to blue 



>,- 



FALCON. 



22i) 



on the ])a(k ami ^^'mg; ooveits, where the ini<klle of the featliers is 
marked uith bhick ; cliin and throat white, Avith a f) w (hisky streaks, 
but from the breast the Mhole of the nnder ^.arts erosse<l niili 
ninnerons, sknder, dusky bars, ahnost toue'jn.jr eacli «»ther ; liiil 
marked with seven or eight paie ones on the inner we])s. appearing 
))eneath; sliaf'ts white ; wings huig, nadiing to tlie end of the tail^ 
legs jiale veHow. 

Inhabits New Soutli A\'ale.^ : said to live on small birds, (ish. 
and vt ,)tiles. 






104— ASn-TAlLEI) FALCON. 

LENGTH :>9in. Bill and cere dirty lioni-colour ; pluma-t 
Pbove brown, the edges of the featliers paler; inside of the win-s 
brown and white; of the prinso and sec-ond quills brown black; 
the nn<ler j^arts of the body paler, mixed with brown ; each feather 
of iht belly light at the lip, surrounded with dusky; tail .»f a 
moderate h ngth, pale ash-colo.n-; and the wings, when elosed, reach 
Ro:newhat beyond the end of it; legs yellow, two inches lonu; daws 
black. 

IidiabitsNew South ^Vales~.Gen. Davies, 



Si 

I 



i:: 




230 



FALCON. 



105.— CKEAiM-BELLIED FALCON. 



'!■!■ 



LENCiTIT 20in. Bill lead-colour, the upper mandible funrslied 
with a double notch, the under short at the end, and scooped out ; 
cere pale; round the eye bare and bluish ; ])hnnage in general, .dxne 
brown, the inner second quills marked with a rulons spot on each 
side of the shaft; all the greater quills the sanu', about lialf >\av 
from the base ; tail as the quills, the two middle feathers marked 
with a rid'ous spot on each side of the shai't ; all the under parts of 
(he body cream-colour ; marked down the chin, forej)art or the 
neck, and breast, Avith brown streaks; belly and vent ])lain; thigiis 
and sides under the wings brown ; tail eight inches long, and the 
wings, when closed, reach nearly to the end of it; legs three inclies 
long, greenish blue, niodc'iately strong, and scaly ; claws stout. 

Inhabits New South >\'ales. — In the collection of (ien. Dalits. 



106— BLACK-SFIOULDEREI) KITE. 



THIS is full two feet in length. Bill black; cere yellow; 
irides hazel; general colour (»f the plumage above brown, the 
f( athers somewhat ipointed at the ends, >> ith a black line down the 
shafts of those of the head, neck, upper and tuuhr wing coverts ; 
the rest of the wing deej) brown, nearly black; under parts of the 
body nearly the same as the neck and wing coverts ; tail forkt d, the 



FALCON. 



231 



outer feathers ten inches in length, and mncli tlie same in colour as 
theijuills; leys stout, scaly, yellow; daws bluish black. 
Inhabits New South Wales ; said to be a teniale. 



107— ASII-BllOWX FALCON. 



LENGTH loin. Bill black; cere yellow; plumage above 
brownish ash-colour, beneath wholly ^hite ; quills and tail dark 
brown, tJie last eight inches long, crossed with twelve or fourteen 
obsoh te (hisky bars ; (|uills nnicli tlie same, Imt with bars only on 
the iimer wel)s ; legs three inches long, stout, and yellow, the feathers 
of the thighs hang some way over the joint on the forepart ; claws 
long- and [>ale. 

Inhabits New South A\^ales. 



1G8.-DARK FALCON. 



SIZE uncertain, seemingly acqniline. Tiill large, stout, black ; 
<ere dusky; plumage in general brown ; breast and under parts pah- 
br(»wn; wings darker than the rest; tail pale brown, with the en<l 
dark brown ; the wings reach to about one-third of the length ; legs 
stout, bluish; claws black. 

Inhabits New-IIollan<l, by the name of Wee-a-rara. 



A 



!"i ' 



# ' ;: 






232 



FALCOV. 



i 



i wM 



*•** AMERICAN. 



1 Of).— CRESTED EAGLE. 



|i t-f 



r I'l: 



Faico Ilarpyia, /»(/. Or/i. i. j), 9. C.'w. /.in. i. '2.)1. Shtiir's Zixil. vii. 54. 

\ iiltiir lliiij)\ ill, Lhv. Syst. u 1-21. 

Ai|uil;i Hnizilitiisls cristatii, ]inss.\. 440. /(/. Svo. i. 1-2S. /^;w'. p. 7. S. /Tj//. p. o'2. 

/./. /wiu/, (W. t. 4. 
Epi TvitT ()iittu, I'oij, d'AsuruyWi. Xn. 22. 

Itz(|uaulitli, liaii. 101. Will. 109. /</. /:»-/. 288. Sfba. i. t. 01. f. 2? 
Oronooko Ea^Ic, Brown's Jam.. 471. 
(."nstid Vulturi', GVh. Syn. i. p. 0. 



! 


1 


1 






' 1 1 


) 





THIS is somewhat l)i<rger than a Turkey ; length 2(Sin. extent 
r>rt. })in. ]Jill bhick ; cere and irides yelh>w; the head fuinished 
\\ itli a erest, <"(»inposed of t'onr teatliers of nne(jiial h'ligths, which 
the hird can erect at will; the largest measures al)ont four inches; 
|)liimage in gen(Mal black; behind the neck fulvcjiis ; under parts of 
the bodyA\hit<'; the feathers on the breast very long and loose ; tail 
barred Itrown and bla<;k ; vent and thighs with white and bla<;k; legs 
feathered, A\hite', spottctl with black. 

Inhabits 3Ie\i<,'o, Brazil, and other parts of South America. — 
^Vhen irritated is said to spread out the long breast teathers, so as to 
reach quite to the toes, and from its strength to be able to cleave a 
man's skull asunder >vith the bill. 



FALCON. 



23.3 



170.-CRO^VNED EAGLE. 

Vultur coronutus, Jucq. J'og. p. 15, ftfo, n 
Falco Jac(|\iiiii, (Jni, Lin. i. 251, 
tljijaetos Haipj ia, Bainl, Oni. ii. -27. 
L'Ai-k- couroniK;, Foy. d'Aznra, li. No. 7. 
Crowned Vulture, Cen. Si/n. >,„j,. p. 5. 

THIS ].as been esteemed a variety of the Crested Ea^le, as it i. 
said to beot the .sjune .size, l,„t ,»ther.s suppose it to ),e a distinct 
species. Bill black ; head redclish grey, and adorned with a cre.t of 
several feathers, six inches long at least ; part of the win«^s the 
neck aiHl breast black ; belly white; thighs white, spotted with 

A b,rd of this kind was met with near St. Magdalen river in 
^ew Grenada; when it stood erect, it was two feet and a half in 
height ; we learn too, that it sets np the crest in the manner of a 
crown, and may be easily brunght up tame, if taken young 



171.— ROYAL EAGLE. 

Falco refralis, «oyul Eagle, Shaw's ZooL vii. 5G. 
L'Ouira Ouasaou, Soimmi't Buff. 



Tire size of this bird is said to be double that of an Eagle 
The bdl long; hea<l large, having a crest in form of a helmet; Tves 

II II 





Mm 



234 



FALCON. 



blight, and piercing ; nostrils large, beset with liairs on each side of 
the bill ; neck thick; the back, wings, and tail brown, spotted with 
black, and variegated with ^^hitish, or yellowish streaks; belly 
while, the feathers very soft, and ((pial in elegance to those of an 
Egret; legs naked, scaly, and reddish; claws black, crooked, and 
of the length of the middle finger. 

This elegant and beantiful bird, is chiefly found about the 
banks of the ri>er Amazons; <;( nerallv inliabits lofty mountains, uiid 
builds the nest on the highest trees, constructing it ol' the lM»ues of 
the animals it has slaughtered, and somedrv branches of trees, biml- 
ing them together with the stems of climbers; lays two or three 
^hite eggs, sjmtted with redilish brown; ilies with such rapidity, 
and such is the expanse of wings, that it sometimes strikes, and kills 
its prey with theni, bel'ore it touches it with tiu; claws; is able to 
tear a sheep in pieces, and sometimes attacks mankind, but its ])rin» 
<"i|)al Ibod consists of monkies, particularly those called GuaribaJ 



i'i 



172 — TYRANT EAGLE. 



I 
11 



Fnico T_. riinnus, Maxim, Tr. i. 317. 

LENGTH 2()in. Tlines. Feathers at the back of the head 
lengthened into a crest and erect ; hind })arts of the head and neck, 
.sidcM of the neck, and upper parts of the back covered with white 
feathern, tipp«;d with dark brown, but lie over each other, so that the 
white is covered ; the rest of the bird dark brown ; larger m ing 

* Simitt Beelzcbulj — Lin. 



FALCON. 



23o 



ooverts marked with a little white ; quills with some grey brown, 
(lark, marbled, transverse stripes ; tail l)road, with four whitish 
transverse stripes, niai oled with greyish brown ; feathers of the 
thifihs, legs, lower part of the baek, rump, and vent, dark brown, 
with narrow transverse lines ; the ieet feathered to the toes. 

Inhabits IJrazil, found on the ]{io de grande de liejmonte, and 
called, a small dark-brown Eagle, with a tuft of feathers at the'back 
of the head. 



17;i.— DESTllUCTIVE EAf^LE. 

Filler. Destructor, I„<l. On,. Sup. p. iv, Bautl. ii. p. 00. 
Fiilcii iiiiporiiilis, S/iaw's Zix,/. \\\, 52. t. 16. 
tiraiid Al-le de hi Guiiiiif, Enrycl. Melhocl. 
Dfstructivf Eagle, Cm. S,/n. Sup. ii. p. 20. 



1 MIS IS a large species, in length 3ft. 2in. The bill is much 
curved but chietly at the end, and horn-coloured ; the top and sides 
ot the hea<l dusky grey ; feathers of the hindhead grey, very l<>n<- 
an<( ot ditferent lengths, forming a crest; tip of the longest o-.-ev-' ' 
..e.k the same ; body black, banded above with grevish ; shoulders 
grey and black mixed ; breast and belly grejash whit^ ; quills black 
reaclnng tw.vthirds on the tail, which is black, mixed with .nev on 
the upper part, but nearly white on the under, with a dusky bar on 
the up; the shms covered with white feathers, banded with black • 
toes naked, yellow. 

The male is smaller, and of more lively colours. 

Hh2 



230 



FALCON. 



Tnliabits Guiana, is a powerful species, sfiiil to prey on the sloth, 
and otlier quadrupeds, as well as pheasants. M. Uaudin thiidis it 
niudi allied to the Harpy Eagle. 

I tind a similar bird among some drawings, with the crest com- 
posed of six or eight feathers in ])airs, the lower pair longest, and 
standing a good way from the neck, the ends of all black ; back anil 
wings dark brown, mottled with pale on the latter ; beneath thrty 
yellowish white, with transverse yellow brown marks, mostly on the 
thighs ; tail long, dusky brown, crossed with three broad, brownish 
yellow, or clay-coloured bands, tip fringed with white ; legs yellow 
brown, smooth ; the wings reach one-third on the tail. 



174.— BRAZILIAN EAGLE. 

Fiik-o Uiul)itinj,'a, //If/. Oni. i. p. 22, Cm. Liii.\. 2()'i. liaii, [). S. IHll. [,.-]-2. H,if. 

i. 141; Daud.W. p. 57. S/uiw's Zool. \\\. p. 0;J. 
Aquila l)razilieiisis, Bris.\, 445. W. 8vo. i. 128, 
Biii/ilKin Eui;k', Ocn.Si/ii.'t, [>. 41. Will. Engl. \uC)\, 



SIZE of a young goose; length 2Hin.; breadth oOin. Bill 
thick and black; cere yellowish; eyes large, and rutous grty ; 
plumage in general brown ; wings blackish, mixed with cinereous ; 
tail white for two-thirds of the length, then black, witli the tip 
white ; legs naked, yellow. 

Inhabits Brazil. M. Daudin mentions another bird, \>hi!'h is 
in the Museum, at Paris, called rruliitinga. This is about the siz*:- 
of an Osprey ; space between the bill ami eye naked, covered only 
with a few bristles; bill horn-colour; phunage black; the feathers 



PALCOV. 



237 



of the hiiulhead elonijatecl, and marked in their middle with a white 
spot; tliiyhs transversely striped black and white; tail even, white 
at the base an<l tip, black in the nu<Ulle, and exceeds the wiinrs, 
when closed, bnt very little; shins lonir, yellowish; claws dnsky. 
Said to inhabit varions parts of Sonth America. 



175 —EQUINOCTIAL EAGLE. 

Fiiko a>(iuinoctiiilis, Ind,Oni.\. p. 22. G'm. L»i. i. 2G5. Shaw's Zool.ui, p. 97. 
E(|uiaoctKil Eagk', Gen, Si/n.i, p.43. 



LENGTH 21 in. ; breadth SK^et. Bill pale, with a black tip ; 
plumage in general dark brown, nearly black; scapnlars, and 
wing coverts chocolate brown, the base and margins of the feathers 
ferruginous; qnills black, with one-third of the middle ferruginous . 
the two first wholly black; breast rufons, each feather marked with 
fonr transverse stripes of brown ; under the wings, the thighs, and 
nnder tail coverts the same, but paler; tail nearly black, the two 
mi(hlle feathers plain, the others >vith an oblicpie white mark about 
the middle, on each side of the shaft, passing upwards, in the 
shape of the letter V, touching the shaft, but not always (juite 
reaching the margiu; tips of thetiiil feathers white; the wings, Avheu 
closed, reach to al)out one-third on the tail ; leLrs vellMM, claws black. 

Iidiabits Cayenne. J»y a label tied to the leg of one of these 
we find it to be known l)v the name of Le Pauani roux, on L'Aii;le 
a plumage gris-roux. 




238 



FALCON. 



170— BLACK-CIIEEKED EAGLE. 



l"iil<o QmeilcanuR, Iii<LOni,\. p. 13. Gm.Lin.x, 257. Daud.i'i, p. 50. Shuw\ ZwjI. 

vii. p. 88. 
L'Ai|^lt' i'l joucs uoiri's, Vicill. Amer.\. p. 31. 
IJIai'k-clit'fkfd Eil^ll■, (•ni. Si/ii.\. [). 3r>. Arct, ZooLW, No. 88. liohvrt.K,* 



III 



SIZE of tlie Ring-tailed Eagle, Bill blue; cere yellow; head, 
neck, and breast deep asli-colonr ; on each cheek a broad black bar, 
from the corners of the mouth, to beyond the eyes; back, belly, 
>\ ings, and tail black ; legs yellow, feathered below the kn<;es. 

Inhabits North America. One very similar is among the draw- 
ings in the collection of Mr. Dent. Bill and cere pale; head and 
neck cinereous yellow, streaked and marked with browii ; the rest of 
the body, wings, and tail deep brown ; crown of the head plain 
brown, and abroad streak of the same from the gape, pa.ssing wholly 
over the under jaw, towards the neck ; thighs and vent tawny, the 
feathers reaching half way on the shins ; end of the tail white ; legs 
dusky yellow; the wings reach three-fourths on the tail 

* Engrayings of Birds. 



FALCON. 



239 



1 77— nLA CK-B ACKE D EAGLE. 



Falco melauonotns, Iiul. Oin. i. l(>. Sliinr\i Zool, vii. S(l. 

I'alio liifit r, (•III. Lin. i. 25U. IJuinl. ii. •"><». 

UiT AdliT init swiirzetn lliu'kcii, I'xr/isl. Allii. ii. <l. /'oy. i. i)..')0,22. Id Ziisans. [< (VVt. 

Blatk-ImckiMl En;,'lr, GV»(. Si/ii. i. -I'J. linnni III. pi. -J. 



SIZE of tlie Golden Eiiulo. hill bhii'k ; cere ami leus y<llow: 
tlie latter fealliered tt» the toes ; liiiid part of tin; iicek, helly, and 
winu,' coverts, fcrniuiiious ; fort; pari, jtreasl, back, and (|nills, Ijlack; 
from the base of the tail to the niiddli; while ; the rest black. 

Native place uncerlain ; thonuht by some to be a variety, or old 
male of the Hinn-tail species. Mr. lietdistein says it is an old male 
of the Black Ea^le. 



178.-JANEI1IO EAGLE. 



LEMGTH 29iii. Bill ami claws dusky ; cere yellow, coveiinti 
the base of the mandible, m»d extending round the eyes; forehead, 
upper parts of the body, and wini>s, tleep chocolate brown ; toj) of the 
head crested, the feathtrsat tin- back part elonuated; these are >Ahite. 
with a chocolate-brown streak attlM.tips; the chin also is streaked 
brown and white; fore part of the iieck and breast paler biown; 
belly, thighs and vent, brownish Ijlack, maiked with transverse 
white si)ots; le«;s fejithered to the toes, an<l marked in the same 
iuanner ; the qudls are dusky, with five or six pale l)ands on several 
^f the outer ones; and when closed, reach oiie-thii ' on the tail. 




IMAGE EVALUATION 
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WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 872-4503 





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240 



FALCON. 



whirli is similar to tlie <]»nlls in colour, crossed with four creain- 
colonrcil biuuls; one at the base, a second near the en«l, and two 
others at e(|nal distances between them ; legs strong, yellow ; claws 
stont, hooked, and sharp. 

Inhabits South America; one brought fivm Rio de Janeiro. — 
In the collection of (ien. Davies. 



179.— L0UI8IANE WHITE EAGLE. 



IM 



if 



FaKoiiindiduH, IniL Orn. i. p. 14; Cm. Lin. i. 238. Daud. ii. 51. 
FaU'o Conril'mtor, S/i«ic'.t Zoo/, vii, p. 77. 
Aiult' l>liitii'(rAiiifn(|n<', \'icill.Am,\. j>. 30. 

Loiiisiaiii' WliitL- EaL;k', Hen. Sijn, i. p. U<3. Arct. Zool, ii. No. 90. Du Pralz Louis. 
ii. ji. 75. 



THIS, according to Du Pratz, is smaller than the Alpine 
Eagle, but more handsome ; Jjeing white, except the ends of the 
quills, which are black; he adds, that it is a rare bird, and esteemed 
much by the natives of Louisiana, who purchase tlie quill feathers at 
a dear rate, to make the symbol of peace, of which these feathers 
<x)mpose the fan part. 



t 



ill 






i 



r 



; n 



n- 

v<> 

kVS 



FALCON. 



241 



180._.STATENLAXD EAGLE. 

Falooaustnjli, /won. i.,n. C,n. Lin. u 2oO. Z>« „./.,. 50. .SW, Zoo/, vn. .J->. 
Stiiteiiliuul Eagle, Gen. S,/„. ,.4(». 

SIZE of the Plaintive Vulture, length 25in. Cere vellow • 
J»o.ly iTown ; tail black, the euil of it tipped with dirty yJllo^vish' 
white. "^ *' 

luhahits Statenland ; ha., u kind of cry not much unlike that of 
a hen, so as to deceive any one into supposition of its beiui? so, at 
nrst heariui":. 



11. 



uie 
the 
led 
i at 
ers 






ISi.-MHITE-BREASTED EAGLE. 

LENGTH 2.V.:Jin. Bill black, stout; cere yellow, passiu:, 
under the eye; hea.l. ueck, and breast, to the middle of fh,- bellv 
dusky wlnte, with a darker line down the shaft of each featheV' 
yvlucU on the breast is elongate, and .urows broader at the end ; back 
blot,,.hcd bn»wn and white ; wini-s and scapulars deep brown; .uuhr 
M u.i, coverts ,nottle<l brown and white ; ,,uills deep plumbeous black 
inottlcl with white n<ar half way from the base; the three oute. ' 
fathers marked with brown on the outer web, near the tips- the 
qudls reach to within l.liuch of the end ; lower belly mixed dce,> 
and paler brown ; le-s very stout, feathered before below the join 
colour deep yellow ; claws black, and very hooked. ' 

Inhabits Iludsons JJiiy.—Mr. Bullock. 

' 1 1 



FALCON. 



IHi— WHTTE-BKLLTEl) llXdlAL 

Fnl<'o Iciiropnstrr, liid. Orn. i. 1;}. Cm. Lin. i. 157. J)aii(l. li. 40. 
WIiiU-Ik'IIu'cI Kii'^li-, Urn. Si/ii, I, :i-i,' ,lrct. Zoul. Inlrod. f\\yu. 



d 



1 



I I 



'' ti' 



I.}!' 



LKNf/rir ^I't. 5)iii, Bill iMOwnisJi yellow, larp', acquiliiu : 
head, lurk, breast, belly, thighs, and vent, white; back, ^^ill^s. 
aiKJ tail, liark bnmn, except the eiai of the latter, vhich is uliit»- 
tor three inches; leifs yellow, v«'ry stout; claws black. 

One ot' these was met with liy ('apt. (VM»k. anioni; <»thers, about 
Kaye's Islanil, ott' Cape Sucklinu in latitude '>!)-!!). In (,'«»!. >V'ood- 
t'onl's drawiuii's is one, ^\ ith the head and neck stre;ek«d br«>wn and 
uhite. and a larue patch ot" >\hite tVoni the base ot' the>\in,ii' «>overts; 
bill pale lead-colour; probably a t'eniale or youn,L>' bird. 



.v. — l>ill dusky, stronii', larire. and nnuh curved ; cere and 
irides >ellou ; head and neck vellow ; the whole bodv abo\e dark 
bnmn, each feather tipped with «lirty yellow ; beneath the bo<|\ 
whitish ; tail tipped with yt How ; hij and toes scaly, naked, yellow. 

This appears about Hudson's Hay in April, and returns south- 
ward inOct >ber; builds in trees, iiiakini!: ^ larije nest of sticks aiul 
piiss, and rarely lays more than one e<>ii ; preys on deer, rabbits, or 
any kind ot" fowl ; is<'alled I^fhenesne Mickesue — connnnni<'at<'d by 
Mr. Hutcliins, and is probably a variety ot* the M'hite-bellied 
species. 

In Mr. Dent's colle<'tion of drawintfs is one, with the head and 
neck thickly streaked with tiark brown, on a pale yellow ;;round ; 
back, winirs. and tail, dark brown ; base of the quills white, fonnini; 
a patch ; end of the tail, for sonu; way, white; under parts of the 
body, from the breast, plain white; this seems to I )e a young bird. 



FALCON. 



24a 



'■ 'i 



183— THAUU EAGLE. 

FalcoTharus, f,„L On,, i. p. 10. (;,„. U„, j. 254. Shau>',Zool. vi,. 170. mUn 

TAiV. p. ajf. Id. Ir.nl. 214. />,,,«/. ii. p. 41. 
L•Ai^'le il Qufue blaiirlif, Voij. d' .ttaru, iii. No. 10? 
rimru Ettjjle, Hen. Syn. .Sup. ii. p. IS. 

SFZK of a lar-e Capoji. JJill uliitisli, simp, d like that of tlit- 
coniiiHm Ka.i?Ie ; plmiu.tfe m iiitish, sp(,lh;,i with bhirk ; on the hea.l 
a sort of crown, <'oinpos<d of loiii; hh,..k feathers, the outer ones the 
lon.-est; quills and tailhhirk; legs yeUow and scaly ; claws hooked. 

The female is smaller, grey, an.I the crest on the head not so 
huge. Inhabits Chili, and makes the nest in the highest Uees, com- 
posing it of sticks twined together, on which is heaped a large bed 
ot ^vool, feathers, &c. 'J'he eggs, five in number, white, spotted 
with brown ; said to feed both on living and dead animals, b,.t it 
< oes not pursue the tbrmer, seizing them by lurking, and catching 
them unawares. The male advances with a stitJ' neck, and an air of 
gravity; and when it cries, wnich it otlen does very forcibly, itdnius 
the head backwards towards the rump, with the bill upri-ht • is 
known in Chili by the name of Tharu. " ' 

That whi.?h ^^ d'Azaia calls by this name, does not accoid 
•"u.pletely with the above description, for it has a white tail some- 
uhat sfnped above with dusky, and a dusky bar, an iiuh' |Moa«l 
Mifhtheend blark for someway; the bill pale blue, with a dusky 
point; Hides brown ; legs yellow. 



I I 2 



U 




•241 



FALCON. 



18 ^._^VIITTE-]{^MPED E AG LE. 



fS 



uni 



LENCiTII 20in. Bill lilnck ; cere yellow ; crown brown, eacd 
feather margined with rufous; back, scapulars, and winy covrrts 
the same ; some of the last marifined, and tipj)etl with pale broun. 
the others with rufous; <|uills dusky, ferruninous brown; rnnip as 
the back, l)ut the marifins fernitjinous ; upper tail coverts white; tail 
pale cream-col oiu', barred with rufous brown, the outer feathers 
|>alest; under parts of the body cream-colour, each feather dashed 
down the middle with ferruujinous brown, and the shafts of them 
throui^hout chestnut; thiuhs pale ferruginous, the feathers lonu. 
reachinn' to the middle of the legs, which are pale; claws large, 
and black. 

The female is 24 in. lonu;. The colours above paler; nnnp. ami 
upper tail coverts the same, but the middle of the last dashed with 
brown; the under parts of the body nearly white, marked nith 
ferruginous down the shafts : si<les ferruginous, with round white 
spots ; thigh feathers long, ferruginous in the middle, margined 
with white ; tail pale brown, three or four of the outer feathers have 
the base almost white, but barred, as in the male. 

The above inhabits Stateidand. — Described from specimens in 
the collection of Sir Jos. Banks; brought from thence in 177o. 



i; 



II) 



FAI-COX. 



24> 



oil 


1 


rts 

^11. 


f 


lis 


X 


ail 




ers 


%' 


led 


•3 


eni 


* 


',-- 


i ■ 


a:e, 


li 


lui 




ith 




itii 


itj 


liU' 




led 




live 





laS— MANSFENY EAGLE. 

Fako Aiitilhmini, /«r/. OrM. i. in. G'/n, !,/«. i. 204. /)««</. ii. 57. CW*. i. ;i(il. /„. 

8v(>. 104. .S7((/ic\« Zool. vii. 98. 
l.ii Ruse «l(.'s Savaiiiifs iioyt-i's, :i tailiis loii^'Uts, foy. (I'.l:,nti, iii. No. IJ. 
."Maiibfiiiy Ea-Ic, (.ifi. A',/,i. i. 47. ///i7. r/(,v ./««//. ii. 'i-VJ. 7>'<u/, p. IK. Bii/.i. I44. 

ACCOUDIXG to M. dii Teitre we learn, that tliis binl lias the 
sliape and phiina'^e of an Eanh^, though not mneh hiut-tr than a 
Falcon. The pinniage Inown ; le-^s strong, with large aiul eroolved 
talons, of twice the .si/«! of those of a Falcon. 

Inhabits the Caribbee Islands, aiul feeds on small binls, snakes, 
and li/ards. He adds, that although the tlesli is s..ni('ulial thnk, it 
is reputed us good food. 

31. d'A/ara describes it as beiiiu- 20 in. loiiu, and -Vi ii 



n'oai 



HOW n, 



iris- 



The bill deep blue; irides pale rnfons; g«;neral colour above I 
mixed with deeper brown on tlw wings; edges of the feat I 
whitish; from the bill a whitish spot passes over the eye towards fli 
hindhead; chin white; neck before dusky, dashed' wilh white; 
breast rufous and white mixed ; sides of the body dusky, the feathers 
edged with white; belly white, and deep brown' mixed' ; tail bnmn, 
the <nd white; and when the feathers are si>read out. they app.ar iii 
irregular bands of brown and white spots, for two-thirds the leimfh ; 
legs vellow. 



kind. 



Inhabits Paraguay, where M. d'Azara observed 



several of thi« 



IBB' 'ff: 'T ' 


iJiflHt' ' 








f|(i 


*j:^i- ■ 



I:, Mil 



f; 



246 



FALCON. 



186.— MACULATED EAGLE. 

Aquiln maculosa, Aigle inouchetti-, Vkill. Am.'u p. 28.* pi. 3. Ijis. 

LENGTH 24 in. ; breadtli 15^ in. ; tail 8^ in. Bill 17 lines, 
l)iiie ; irides yellow; cere and lore blue; liead, neck, and bark 
black ; chin, throat, and breast white, with long streaks of black on 
ea«'h feather; belly black, marked with roinid spots of white ; vent 
and thighs ferruginous, the middle of the feathers darker; rump 
and upper tail coverts white, striped across with black ; quills and 
tail lead-colour above, and light bluish grey beneath, with three 
broad, dark, black bands on the latter, appearing on the under 
surface as well as above, one of them near the tip; the quills also 
h.ive 7 or 8 narrow black bands, and black ends; legs orange. 

Inhabits Guiana and Mexico; said to feed on tish. 



187.— PLUMBEOUS FALCON. 

Fiilc-o nitidus, IiuLOrn.i. p.41. Duud.iy. p. 1*22. 

\.v Fiiucoii (I'uii Idi'u ti'iR-ux, f'oi/. il'Aturu, iii. No. 37. 

Plunilieouii Falcon, Gni. Si/h, Sup, p. 37. 

LENCiTH 13^ in. Irides bright red ; plinnage above lead- 
colour; round the eye somewhat bare ; chin pale, cinereous white: 
under parts white, crossed with narrow ash-coloured bars ; between 



>n 
nt 

P. 
id 

ee 

ei- 

.so 



PALCov. 247 

ti.e legs plain white ; wings and tail darker than the rest of tin- upper 
|»arts ; the last six inches long, nearly hlaok, crossed wifh two narrow 
hues of white, one near the base, the other ahont the niiddir l„,t 
except the two middle feathers, only on the inner webs; legs lon-^ 
fMid yellow. '^ ^ 

Inhabits Cayenne ; fonnd also in Gniana, and no thnibt in 
i araguay, as 31. dAzara met with two of them there, in f )ctob..r. 



A -Length llin. Bill pale; cere obscnre ; round th.- ey.. 
v^oinewhat ban- ; plumage above <lark lead-colour, beneath pun- 
Mh.te; tail darker, almost black, rounde.l at the end, crossed \^^tU 
>• narrow white bar about the middle, and tipped at the end with 
Mh.te; (pulls barred dusky and white on the inner w.bs; sides of 
the breast n.arked transvei-sely with <lusky; le-s two iu.hes and a 
quarter long, yellow; claws brown. 

Inhabits Guiana.— A specimen in the collection <»f ^Ir. Bullock 
It ,s an elegant little species, and probably only ditiers in sex from 
the Plumbeous Falcon. 



d- 
e ; 
en 



188.-COLrMBINE FALCOX. 
LENY;TII 1 ft. lOin. Bill lead-colour, mnch bent at the tin 



but without any perceptible notch ; p| 



V 
nmage m general light had- 



..:f 




218 



PAFXON. 



rultMir, not niilik*' that of the Hcii-IIiirrier, iiu lining- to ;;n'V ; iiikUt 
wiiiir (ox'its |>!il«' lesul-roloiir, I Killed nilii while; tail bhuk, erossetl 
with two \\hite bars, one ut the base, and another within i] in. 
ot' the end, the tip is also nearl} white ; on the inner webs oC all the 
ijiiills a lartre spot ut"\\hite; the winys, when closed, reach about 
halt' \\u\ on the tail, whieli is rounded at the end ; legs smooth. 
yell«»>v, but the toes, and halT an intli above them, very rough 
and sealy. 

Inhabits ('avenue. 



s 



!i 
ii 



i 



m 



H 



'H' 



ihj).-stiu:aki<:i) falcon. 



Fiili'o iiu'liin>>|is, lull. Orii.\. :)7. Jiutul. u. 117. 
Stri;ik(il liilcdii, (I'lii. Si/n. Siiji. ]i.;il. 



SIZIC ot" a Kook ; length loj inches. Hill black; cere yellow ; 
h«ad and ne<k while, streaked with black; through tin; eye a trace 
of" the same ; back and w ing co\»rts black, spotted with white ; 
<|uills black; tail the same, crossed in the middle with a bar ot' white, 
also a few sjiots ot' white on the inner web.s of some fd' the outer 
feathers ; inuler parts of the body w liite ; legs yellow . 

Inhabits Cayenne. The female, as in others of the genus, is 
larger, as one of this sex, in (ieneral Davies drawings, is said to 
be tweiitv inches long. 



FA MOV. 



•i VJ 



F,lro ..ri.,„,„., /„,,. Orn. ,. ,.. 17. fim. Lin ,. 2(iO. />„„«. „. ,,. .*.]. 
fal.o< araiia, .SA.nrV. /-.„/. »„. ^^, n.rhu. .Itl^. I. ,/. J „^,. ,. ;._,_ 
Aiiuiluioronadu, IhUon'i Trar. |i. K) t. .']. 
t'lriK < ii ralroii, (,>»i, Sifn. i. p. h|. 



I rri.S IS a lar^re s,».r,es. wnifl.i„.r , „e,Uv ,k..„i(Is, and lutM.,.. 
an extent of ^vM.u tn. f;..f. Tlu- l,ill is ve.v iMM.kecl ami hhak, nith 
a ..I.oht p,,,,e,.tion in ti.e usual place of ll.. up,... nu.uclibl., f.ut 
searcelvto l,....alled a not.I. ; irules dark ; rouu<l the .ye v.MUul.af 

;are: the Lead an<l pad offl.. neek an- ash- ,ur, ntther full ol 

ieahers; the rest of the up,.,- parts nueu Na.k ; h.-eas, and nn,!., 
parts sdv.,T Mint.; heueath the uin^s the sauu- ; ,,uills and .ad 
^r.m.^\ w.th .h.skv ; Hn the <,uills uine or t^n hars, and the n.d 
••■•ossed u.th lour; shape at the end nearly even ; hus verv s.out 
rough, andyelhm : <lausldaek. ' 

Said to inhabit .he Cameeas in South An.eriea. and uas l.ronuh. 
"on, thene-e to the pala, e ofHuen Itetiro at Madrid, iu the > .ar I 77S 
where .tren.ai.red alive lor several yea.s. Iu a eo||eeti<... of.hauinus 
^.t S.rAshton I..ve.s, is one said to he taken tron, the li.e, an<l 
^•o.-..s,.>uds ..tl. the above description, exeept having the appeu.anee 
o. a white collar round the neck 



VOL. r. 



K & 



[Bb "i ■^" ~ 




' 


' 


n 


, 




1, , 






1 


f 





2oO 



FALCON. 



1!)I — MniTE-NECKEn EACiLK. 

ral<'i> iill)i<'«llis, Ind.Oni.K. ;ili. liaud.n. 11*2. 

I'ali'ii |ii('iitiis, Shaw'l '/.mil. \\\. 1(>7. 

\\ liitf-ncc'keil Fuli'iiii, (icn. Siju. Sup. p. ;j(). 



M:N(/ri[ '2-iiii. Hill l)lark; lira.l, neck, hack between the 
wiiiU's. anil all lieneatli Mliite; tiie sliat'ts of the featliers of the luad, 
;inil hind part ot' the neck, niat'keil with lo/enu'c-shaped, narrow 
vpots ot' black ; wini;- <'o\eits black, the ends white, ap|)earint; as 
ojints: <pnlls black hall-May from the base, marked on the inner 
webs with a laru<' patch of >\hite ; secondaries tip] x'd uith white ; 
base of the tail, lor two inches and a half, white, then black tor 
t'onr inches, and nitiniately white tor an inch and a half; shape 
nearly even, or a triHe holhiwed in the middle, and the (piills rea( h 
t<t within oiu' inch ot' the end ot* it ; lei's stont, yellow, leathered 
bt low the knee; claws black. 

Iidiabits ('a>enne. 



A.- — Lenirth ISinchcs. Bill yellowish-white; cere dusky yellow: 
point hooked, with a sliuht notch near the end ; ifcneral <oloin- ot 
the head, neck, nnder wini^ coverts, and nnder parts in ifeneral. 
rntons white, or buti-colonr, with obscure streaks of bntf" on the 
crown and nape ; inner ridi^e of the w ini; rufous white ; nnmd the 
eye scarcely covered with feathers ; behind the eye, from the upper 
part, a bla(;k, narrow, curved streak, nmre than an inch long^ ; 
back and wini»s deep brown ; the <;reater fpiills rufous white halt- 
way from the base, speckled w ith brown on the outer margin ; upper 



FALCON. 



'2't\ 



tail coverts, niid tail, tor tlirt-.-fumllis of lli,- h-nutli, nvuin-n.l.Mir. 
rrossMl with tivf ur si\ mottled |»ais <»|" luowii ; tin* n-st oftlie h-n-ftli 
phiin hrowii ; tip l)iitr-<>ol<Mii- ; tin- tail ri«:lit iiiclit s lonir. ratlin 
ronnded, ami tlu' <)nills n'inli Avitiiin an iiicli of tin- nid; hgs «lu>k\ 
Idiir, f«'atlur«'d JM'low tlir joint ; riaws hooked. 

Inhabits I*aia, in Sonth Aintrica — Lord Stuidev. 



Lf Fuuinii Wliiiic, I'oif, d'Jzitra, in. No. UO. 



LKNCJTII l.'JimJM'.s; luvadth :M. IJiilMack; .vrr y.llou : 
Ih'.'mI and nndrr parts of the body white ; roun<l the eye a hiaek 
pateli ; Ix.dy and Mini's Mnish, hut the lesser win'- coverts, near the 
body, are blaek ; tail holloued out at the end. the tu(. niiddl. 
feathers bein^^ five lines shoHerthan the rest, yet the exterior is seven 
lines shcMterthan that adjoininii-, niakin.u the shape M.niewhat tbrked. 
or rather <loid)ly ronnded : the two middle feathers are blnisj,. th. 
others white, bnt the shafts and tip.s incline to bine ; lei-s vellow . 



Iidiabits South A 



of San Ii;nacio, Santa-rosa, and IJol 



merica. A ])air of them found near the t 



♦ •WHS 



Tara^tiay, between NeeMd)uca aud Ueniol 



»i ; oil the borders of the ri\ 



er 



inos ; also about Jirazil 



said to ha^e the manners of the Falcon, but more .stout, and tl 
n ider. This seems to ha\ e some ulftnity to the last described. 



giij 



llie 



K k2 







•20-2 



FALCON. 



i.oj— 1JLA< K-MX kt:i) i:\(;m: 

I ill o ni.;rii'ii!lis, IniLOrn. \. .'15. Haiiil. \]. HI. S/uiir's /,(><>/. y\\. 1G7. 
Ii!.irk-!.i rkul l;ilii>ll. (win. Sl/>1, S<ij). |i. ;>((. 

I.I-^\(i'ri[ 'J-'Jiii. Hill l>lii<k: |>limi;iiic' in ii<iui;il rnroiis, l);jri»«i 
\Mlli hliick. llie l)iUN x'ly iiiirrow oil llir litlly and sidt's; lu'liiml tin 
I vc a stivak of hiark ; on tin- lore |)art of Jli«' iu;<k a palrli of (Iif 
»aiiH' : loj) ol" tlie li<?a(l and iicrk loniiiliulinaily stri|M'<l with black : 
!)< Ijy >liad»<l with chtstmit ; <iuills l»hu'k ; tiul ot" the tail tlusk\ ; 
Irii's yrllou . 

hihahils (.'aveiiiu?. 



104.— NOTCHED FALCON. 

Fal<o J)i<Jriitatiis, Iml. Orn.\. .3S. DuuiLw. US. Skaw'i Zoiil.wx. I'b. 
Ndtrlud Falcon, (icii. .Si/)i. Siiji. :i\. Id.Siiji.w. "iH. 



I.FAGTH 14 in. IJill hnnvii, tlie upper mandible fnrnislie«i 
with a double uoteh about the middle, the luuler yellow ; plumage 
on the upper ])arts ot' the body bluish blaek ; breast aiul belly rnfons. 
the latter rlouded with white ; vent w hite ; (juills ])arred with wi'» i ■. 
the first shorter by an ineh and a halt" than the second, but the fbv.ith 
the longest of all : the second and third of nearly tin* same length ; 
under win^ coverts plain white ; tail deep lead-coloin", rounded in 



FAI.COX. 



'2').} 



sliapo, crossed wilh llnvc piiler Itai's on tlic oiiKr Mt'l>s, iiiiil oil tli<' 
inner as many of wUhc jilared ojiposiir; the pale bars occnpN iuu, 
Icvs spa('<' than the moniid roloiir; t!u- winirs nacli iiior<' than 
lliit't'-roiirllis on llie fail ; leus yellow. 

rnliahiK Cayenne. One of f|i<se. Inouulit Ihun IJie Island ol" 
'JVinidad. I.y I.onl Seaio.tli, nuasured in lenntii I'lin.and tlilUr.d 
in a lew paitienlars. Tlie breast \\as dull nil'ons, deeper on tin- siib s ; 
belly, lliinJis, and \eiil barnd brown and white, with iiarntw nilbus 
ones between the others: or it may In- rather said, that the brown is 
maruined abo\e with rnlbiis: nndt r tail eoverfs white; the tail imieh 
rounded at the (>nd, the outer feather beiiii; three <piarters of an ineh 
shorter than the two middle ..iies : the tirst «piill an ineh and a hall" 
shorter than the seeoiid, and the third the- jonuest; when the wiiiu 
is closed, it reaches to more than two-thirds on the tail. 

AVe have met w ifh a draw inir of one. in w liieh the foreliead was 
Avhitish ; the thi,i>li Jeatheis black; le-s black; in other points 
a,i;reeinu- w ith the loriiier description. 



1 {)o.— ucji ors-ii EAi)i:o fa ix on. 

Fiilr,, m.ri.lioiiiilis, /„,/ Or,,.:. .Hi. I)au,l. it. 112. .'>l„„c's Zool. \n. 178, 
Kulous-licacicd I'alcois <;,„. Si/,i. Siif). y.'M. 

LEXr/ni 1!) inches. liill lda«k brown; cere yelhnv; liea<l 
and neck riitbns, dashed with brown ; throat, and behind the eyes, 
Jiiarked w ith narrow black stripes ; back and rump brown ; cliin 
jiale nitons yellow; under parts of the body djity white, with 
iminerou.s bars of ash-colour; sides of the tail black and white 



») 



■l I 



2'>4 



FALCOV. 



inixfd ; hiil .s(j\en inches loiiu:, the two middle featliers crossed \\ith 
!J biiti-coloiired l»;ir 11 inch iVriin tlieend, the others with five or six 
bars of the same, and one at th;^ tip; cpiills rreani-colour, barred 
witli lines of bhick, the ends blackish ; secondaries the same, barred 
only on the inner webs. 
Inhabits Cavenne, 



196— PLAIN FALCON. 

I'ulco ohsoli'iiu, Ind, Orn. \. 38. (im. Lin. i. 208. Daud. ii. 104: Shuu-'s Zool. 

VII. IVJ. 
Tlain FiiUoii, C/ch. Si/u Suj). [>.;}(>. .7r<7. Zuol. ii. No. 104. 




LKN(/ni -Jo inches. IJill bla<'k ; head dnskv ; nape spotted 
>\ith white; liack, wini; coverts, and fail nniform deep brown; 
foi«' part of the neck, breast, belly, and thiifhs the same, spotted 
^\ith white; jirime (juills «lusky, inner webs marked with ureal o\al 
-spijts of white, mottled with brown; the tuo middle tail feathers 
blown ; iinier webs of the others mottled with white ; onter webs 
and ends sli;^htly edijed with the same; legs strong, yellow; wings 
and tail nearly equal in length. 

Inhabits Hudson's Bay. 



FALCOV. 



255 



197— CRESTED GOSHAWK. 

Falro oriiiittis, Ind. On . Sup. p. \\\. Levail. Ois. \. pi. 20. Daitd. Vi. p. 77, 
Fiilro sup('rl)u>, Sliaw't 7,iiiil. vii. p. 64. 
C'resttcl (iobliiiuk, (Jin. Si/ii.Sup. ii. p. 37. 



! i 



THIS is oiie-tliird Ijutrer tluni our fioslumk. IJill pale blue; 
rere yellow; crown of the head hiack ; neck l)ehind deep rufous ; 
from the hiu<ihead arises a tuft of lon^- black and whiti feathers ; 
upper part of the bodyand win^^s brown, deeper on the coverts; chin 
and Ihroat white ; the rest of the under parts rufous white, with irre- 
yidar black spots, and a line of black on each side of the neck, 
between the rufbns and white ; thii-hs barred black and white, and 
teathercil almost to the toes; tail lianded brown and black ; lei;s dvdl 
yellow. 

Iidiabits Cayenne; has all the cliaracters of tlie common 
Goshawk. 



A.-Falro Ma.uluyti, /«,/. Oni. Sup: p. vi,i. Daud. ii. T.'). Shuw^s Z.ol. vn. p. 06. 
(iraml Autoiir d.- Cny.'iine, Mauduit. F.ncycl. Method. 
Alaiuluifs Falrt.ii, GVn. Syn. Sup. ii. 38. 



Tins ,s two feet in le..o:th. Bill and cere black ; eyelids .„,d 
skn.between the bill and eye, coverc-d with hairs; nape ash-,>oloured 
shafts ot tne leathers J,lack, streaked with white; cheeks white; from' 
behmd the eye to the hindhead a black streak ; at the latter a Ion- 
nest; the upper parts of the body black brown ; mi.hile of the win2^ 
barred with cinereous grey; belly ^vhite, barred with rufous brown • 



■ ■ 



2')G 



FALCOV. 



sliiiis covennl \\ itli iVathers, rufous anti white, in rinijs ; tail loiii;, 
(Tossrd w ith four alternate l)an(ls of black and ^rey ; the winys. 
when elosed, reach to about the middle ; toes yellow. 

The female is bigi^er, wants the crest, and the colours are more 
<lilute. 

Inhabits Caveime. 



r 



N 



/■'• ij.. 



I 1' 

"I: 



il I, 



B.— Fiilio uiiiatifiisit, Ind.Oni. Sup. p. viii. DiiuJ. ii. ]>. 78. 
Faico Sdimiiii, Shaw's Zonl. vii. p. 07. 
Petit Ai)^lt' (If (iiiiuiie, Mauduit Kncijcl, Melhoil, 
(iiiiuiia (Johliawk, f.V«. Si/n, !iiip. ii. 38. 

Leniith •22in. Plumaire white, except the quills and tail, which 
arc banded, or chequered ^"ey iind black, the colours (►ppo^ini;' each 
nllier on the (litfcrcnt sides of the shaft ; hindhead creeled ; the 
feathers which aie longer than Jhe rest, marked Avith a Idadv sj>ol 
near the end ; the wini^s reach two-thirds on the tail. 

Inhabits Cayenne, and is probably a .second variety of the 
Crested Goshawk. 



198.— BLACK HAWK. 

Fal(0 iiit,'er, Black Hawk, Amtr, Orn. vi. p. 82. pi. 53. f. 1. 

LENGTH 21 in. extent of wing 4ft. 2in. Bill bluish black ; 
cere, sides of the mouth, and feet, orange-yellow ; irides bright 



i 



FALCON. 



•2.')7 



liazt'l ; i»lmn;me al)ove brown J)lark, sliylitly daslinl >villi \\liiti': 
rroiit uliite ; nape of the neck white nnth r the smtace ; the whoh- 
lower parts bhick, with slitilit tinues of broun, ami a lew eimilar 
touches ot" the same on the tliiu,hs; the ti\e first ]»rinie ((uills wliite on 
their inner webs ; tail nunuled at the end, <1eep black, crossed with 
tive narrow while bands, anil broadly tipped with dull white; vent 
black, spotted nith white, inside webs of the primaries uhite ; leus 
feathere«l to the ti»es, black, tcMKrhed with browni>h ; cliiMs black, 
stron.H', sharp ; toes remarkably short. 

Inhabits America, found frennentiv aloui;: the marshv shores of 
the larue rivers ; feeds on mice, trous, and moles; sails nnich, and 
sometimes to a ^reat heiuht ; has been seen to kill a duck on the 
winii ; is remarkable for the ureat size of its eye, length of Minn, 
and shortness of the toes ; likewise the uiicouMnon breadth of its 
head. 

This, the author of Amer. Ornith. suspects, may be allied to the 
f'hocidate Falcon. The place or manner of lueedinu unknown. 



A.— Black IFiiwk varirty, .-fw. Or/i. 0. pi.. 5:). f. -2. 

I'his bird is 2(>in. in leni-th, and in extent 4ft. The head above 
white, .streaked black and light brown ; alon.y the eyebrows al)lack 
hue; cheeks .streaked like the head, the neck with black and reddish 
brown, on a pale yellowish white iiroun<l ; parts above brown bhnk, 
dashed with brownish white and pale ferru<iinous ; tail wliite for half 
its leni-th, ending in brown, marked with one or two bars «»f dusky, 
and a large bar of black, tipped with dull white; wings as in the 
prece<ling bini ; throat and breast brownish yellow, dasjied with 
black ; belly beautifully variegated with .sp<jts of white and ferru- 



VOL. I. 



Ll 



i 



'i 




i>:>8 



FALCON. 



triiioiis; tliinlis and leathered legs tlie same, but rather darker; vent 
jthiin browuisli white. 

This bird was a male, as well nr, that last described, and 
no doul)t ill imperfect plumage. The lemale has not yet been met 
witli. These are probably the birds known by many nnder the 
appellation of Duck Hawk, though, till now, the sort not specitied, 
or known to any l)nt the Cinnners ; and it is observed, that thes«- 
birds will strike down ducks on the wins,'. Particidarly noticed on 
the sea coast, and salt marsln s between Cape May and Jilii't;; llarboui'. 

Dr. Lister, in his Journey to Paris,* mentions, that in a visit t<» 
V. Plumier, he saw a Falcon, which was coal-black as a raven, but 
he ^ives no further account of it. 



S 



I 



I :. 



]0f)__S()OTV FALCON. 

LFNTiTII 14in. Hill hooked, black: cere, and romul the e\e 
bare and dusky ; plnmaue in uiiund brown blark, with a sootv 
tiniic ; quills dark brown, barred m ith black, the inner webs white, 
with dusky bars ; tail six inches louir, nnich rounded .it the end, and 
crossfcd with six or seven ])ale or whitish bars, most conspicuous on 
the onter web; the (juills extend to ab«mt one-third on the tail ; legs 
slender, yellow, claws black. 

In the collection of Mr. Bullock. 

♦ Pat:e7.3; 



ih 18 



FALCON. 



259 



o()o _c HOC< )L ATE FA LCON. 

Falco spadiceus, rnd. Orn. i. it), iim. Lin. i. 27.). Phil, Trans. Ixii. ;3S;). Daud. ii. 

109. 
Lu Biise rouiieiitn', I'icill. Am. i. p. '$4. 
Buy Falcon, tlen. Si/ii. i. .iA. No. 34. A. 

Chocolate Falcon, Arel. Zoul.W. |>l. ix. f. 2. Faun. Amer. p. 9. 
IMacfiitia Falcon, d'eii. Si/ii. i. p. 7(5. Id. Sup. p. 1!). 

LENGTH 1 ft. lOin. Bill short, black ; cere yellow ; plumaue 
ill general deep hay or chocolate, in parts tinged with terruiiinous ; 
primaries black ; the lower exterior sick^s pure white, forinin^- a 
conspi<iious spot or speculum; the wings reach to the end of the tail; 
the e\t«'ri«)r sides of the five outermost feathers of the latter duskv; the 
isuier blotched with black and white, the two middle feathers black 
and cinereous ; legs and toes feathered, the last remarkably short. 

Inhabits Hudson's JJay and Newl(>undland ; pr^.-ys nnich «»n 
Ducks : sits on a rock, and watches their rising, when it instanth 
strikes at them. 

The one described formerly as tlie Placentia I'alcon, ami in m\ 
own collection, was larger; in length "JTin.; the general colour (if the 
pbnnage the same as the other; across the l»reast nearly white; 
between the legs cream-colour ; thighs tawuy yellow, streaked with 
chocolate ; wings much tlu* same, but the white spot is barred irrcuu- 
larly w itii brown ; u|)p( r tail co\erts white, with a large choc«»late 
spot at tlic tip of «'acli leather; tail deep cli<t((»late ; base \ellowi^li 
white: end deep chocolate, the very tip, an«l shafts, diitv white; 
leji's as in the former. 



L I. 2 



t2(iO 



FALCON. 



I 



201 — l{ED-TimOATED FALCON 



FmIco formiisii*, In(I.Orn.\, [), ."JS, Sfiaic's Zool. vW, 159, 

Fall" ii>|iiiliiiu>, (iiii. Lin. \. 'ISO. 

Fnlco midiciillis, Ddud.Orn. ii. p. 7!'. i< 177. 

Pttit Ai},'lf crAineruiiK', liuff. i. 14-2. /'/. <«/. 417. 

IJ.il-tlirc.iit.d Falioii, f.Vn. Syn. i. i>. 97. Id. Sup. p. 20. Nut. Misc. \>\. 485. 



LENfiTII of one, sn]>po,se{l to be a male, near 18 in. \\\\[ 
lilne. strait, except at tlie end, ^\llere it is bent ; cere, and nanul 
the eye, >ellow; iricles oransie ; throat and neck jtuiplish red. and 
\erv sj)i«rini:ly covered >vith slender featliers ; npper parts of the 
body rcihlisli bbie ; belly and vent reddish white; leirs yellow: 
«'law^ black. 

The other sex measnres 'i3in. Bill yellow ; base and «'er»' 
TinslvV : evelids t'nrnishe<l with stront» black lashes; throat and sidrs 
ot" the head nearly l)are. beinu- sprinkled with nairow . slender 
feathers bke hairs; the skin of a dirf\ [)nr|»le ; general «olonr of the 
plninaue u:lossy blue, appearini"- in some lijjhts u^reenish black : 
belly and thiuhs white; tail lOin. long, even at the end ; le<;s yel- 
low ; claws black. 

This is a most beautiful species, and inhabits Cayenne, and other 
parts of South Auieiica. 



#. 



i !l^ 



,i '' 



7 



^^"^ 



FALCON. 



261 



20-2.-J V:>rAICA BTZZARl). 

Falio Jiiinai<-tnt,ii, /;((/. 0/». i. 'J4. Cm. Liu.l. '2VAj. Dmid.u. 157. Shuw't Zuol. 

vii. |). 1 1 1. 
Lii IJusf liiiivi', f'irill. .till. i. J). 34. 
Crcitm-i oloiufd BuEzanl, Gen, Si/ii, i. 4!t. 



ill 

ul 



he 



SIZE of 51 Buzzard ; Iniiitli 20iii. Bill l)lat'k, cere yelh.w ; 
plmiiaiie (lark neaia-colour, paler beneath; crown oftlie liead plain. 
I)uf the iVatlu rs of the back are broun down tlie middle ; greater 
winu- coverts obscurely barred with br(»wn; (piills dark cream-colour, 
inclininu- to brown ; belly and sides marked with streaks <»f brown, 
but irrej-nlarly ; thi.uhs j)ale butf whit<% banvd with pale bnmn; 
vent plain ; tail shorter than in the c<unmon liuz/anl, the col(»ur the 
same as the l)ack, crossed with se\eral obscure darker bars; le.i;s 
short, stout, yellow ; claws black. 

Inhabits Jamaica. I received a specimen of the above from an 
intelliuent friend many years since, who did not hint the least of its 
beinu a variety of the common Buzzard, which at tirst sight miuhl 
be suNjif. it.d— but remarked, that it was a scarce jjird. 



ler 



203.— MINGLED BUZZAllD. 



La Busemixte noire, Voy. d"A:arit, iii. Xo. '20. 

LENGTH 23 ill. extent of wing 54. Cere yellow ; irides deep 
rufous ; upper part of the head, the neck, the whole of the body. 






'if»i 



FALCON. 



.111(1 llu' uiuler Miiiu: coverts, lliii^hs, and tlu> ^r« atcr part of the tail, 
Idack ; ii|)|)»'r uiii*;: covert-s brown ; (|uills harnd Imowm and asli- 
rolour ; «ij»|Mr tail (overts, and a third of the npper jiart of the tail, 
white; with a small mixture <»f white at the tips of the thiiih 
feathers ; lei;s yellow. 

'i'his is not nneommmon ahont T*ara,unay, on the honlers of 
staunant waters — <loes not confine itself to liviny- prey, hut will als«i 
dt\our anv tiead <ar<'ase that it may uccasjonailv fnid. 



f 



204— SPECKLED IJT ZZAKI). 



I I ' 



t'.ilin v!irii'y:jitus, Jnd. Orn.\. |>. '24. (tin. Lin. \. 'J()7. DnmLw. JoO, SKrv's/.ujl. 

vii. Il-i. 
l';i!<(i ;illil(lil<, (i)il. l.til. i. 'J(i7. 
I!ii~iiril viirii'f, l'i<i//. .tin. i. p. '■]'!. 
Iiii.!/iii'ik't, Arct. '/.mil, ii. Ni). I'I'J. 
S|)wklf(l l]ii//sir<l, <iiii.Si/ti, j. p. !)"• 



Ll-lNCrriF from 10 to loin.; slnipe of the common l}n//aid. — 
I»ill dusky ; head and neck whitish, blolchcfl down the shafts «»f tjje 
featlurs irreii'idarlv with dusky brown; back and wiims brown, some 
of the coverts spotted with whiie; <piills dark, nearly blaek; tail the 
same, crossed w ilh several, almost obs(d<'te, bars: inider parts tV< mi i 
tilt hreusf white, blot<;hed down the shafts with brown, spreadiny 
• >ut larger and broader towards the Ixily; thiiihs much the same ; 
M lit while: Iciis y«'llow; clawsblack. 

'J'hat of the Arctic Zoolot>y had the fciil barred, and tipp<d 
with wldte, and we have seen one, with a broad brown belt across tin- 
l»e|ly. belbre the leiis ; and the tail with blotched bands of deep 



f 



FALCON. 



2m 



rliooolate and cream-* olfmr. Tliese \u^t may piohably «lirtlr in auf 
«»r sex. 

Inliabits Noitli Vineiii-a. 



20o.— ijroai)-\V[nc;ed fa L( ()\. 

Fak'o pensylviiirKiis, Broatl-uiiiL'fd Il.iwk. Amcr. Orn. vi. \<\. .'jl. f. 1. 



LKMiTII 14 ill. Extent of win i;-, .'J.'Jin. UiW black, slightly 
toothed, near the base bhie; eeie and corners ot" the month veMow 
irides bright amber; iVontht and lores white ; ihmi the niiMith back- 
wards, runs a .streak of blacki:»h brown ; upper pints <link brown, 
the plumaue tipped, and the head streaked with whitish; and alm(»st 
all the feiithers spotted or barred with white, but not seen, unless they 
are separated by the hand; head lari-e, broad and /lat ; cere 
broad; nostrils lar^e; tail short; the exterior and interior feathers 
.somewhat the .shortest ; eolour black, crossed with two bars of 
white; tipped also sliuhtly with whitish ; tail coverts spotted with 
white; wiiiiis dusky brown, indistinctly barred with black; greater 
parts of the vanes snowy; lesser coverts and upper j)arts of the back, 
tii)ped and streaked bright ferrnuinous; breast and .sides elegant I v 
marked with spots of brown, in the shape of arrow heads, centered 
with pale brown ; belly and vent white, like the breast, but more 
thinly marked with pointed spots of I uown ; vent white; le,i>s very 
stout, coarsely scaled; colour dirty oranue yellow; claws .stroni;-, 
sharp, the hind one considerably the largest. 

Inhabits America; shot the Gth of 3Iay, in Mr. iiartram's 




na 



FALCON. 



wikmIs. near tln' Scliiiylkill. junlud on the (lead liiiilMtf a tree, and 
\\]uu tiist «tl»s« rv«'(l, t'cnlinn on a moii»<e. This Mas a inah-. In size 
if atri't'is ^\ith the SpnUhMl Ihi/zai<l; hut it was on all hands alhiurd, 
that snrh an one had n*>t htt-n nid uith hcjore, nor striclly to ht) 
• onipaivd \\ith any Unown sjitcirs. 



■* Vi 



i . 



\i'i\ 



2iHi.—mU)\Vy ANJ) TA>\ NV K Af^LE. 

LFATiTri 2ft. Bill stout, hhuk, with no nr.teli at tlie end 
cere vellouish ; ahovc the feathers are l>ro\vn with tawnv edires 
heiuatli the same, but the e«l^es more deeply en<lini? in tauiiy 
wini; eoverts as the ba<'k ; (juills hrown, ])arred with darker; the 
thiee outer plain dusky, but all have the inner webs white, barred 
with a dark colour; inider win s^ coverts white ; the tirst quill four 
inches shorter than tlie second, the three next equal in lent;th ; tail 
nine inches, even at the end, brown, crossed with eight or nine black- 
ish bars ; imier webs white, with brown liars ; ends of the teatliers 
tij)ped with dusky ^hite ; legs stout, yellow ; claws black ; the 
feathers reach a little w ay on the shins, and those of the thighs hang 
half wav over them. 

Native j)lace uncertahi. — In the collection of Mr. Bullock. 



lv7- 



I!! . 



FALCON. 



26.^ 



207— YELLOW-TOED FALCON. 

JJ'^MjTJI hi ill. Hill hiaok ; #'«;re yellowish broun, also the 
huso of tin; under uiaiMlible ; pluma-je in ^^eneral deep thocolate 
linmn ; ex«.'e|>t the tail, whieh is hamd, paler hrowii aii<l dirty butt'; 
the iHo iiiidille leathers u holly, the rest only on the inner webs ; tail 
near ei<>ht iiiehes in leiiyth, the ends oi' tin; feathers terruirinous elay- 
eolour ; leys tuo inehes |on,u, stout, lirown ; toes lonu; and yellow ; 
elans sharp, hooketl, black; leys leathered half way on the shins; 
ureal quills Jiarred three or lour times with dark and dusky white. 

>'ati\e plare uneertaiu— .Afr. IJulloek. 



20S.-AMKK1('AN lil /ZAIU). 

I'^.lc. l.or.'iilis, A»</. OcH. i. p. 25. dm. Lin. \. •HM\. /)««,/. ii. 157. Shaw\ ZwI ur. 

p. 11_>. 
A.ri|)itfr riirKiiudntus, Aiiidiir ,, ,|ii,iic n.iisso, ]i,ill. Am. ■M\. \,\. 14. bis. 
I{(<l-tail,-,| Fiilcoii, Arct.'/.intl.W. \„. 1(K). Am. (>>it, \\. \A.bl. f. 1. 
<ir';it Ka-lf Hiiwk, liartr. Truv. •2't^\. 
AiiiiTnaii ]5u/zaiil, Civn. Syn.'u p. 50. 



SIZE of the coinnion IJuzzanl, at least; lenuth 1ft. II in.; 

breadth 4ft. .'Jin. Hill black ; cere yellow; plunia-e above- d„sky 

reddish brown; beneath jmler, a little mottled on the fore part of the 

neck and breast ; chin, belly, and vent, white, each feather of the 

\oh. r. ivi J, 






'2GG 



FALCON. 



'I i X 



m 



11 



lil^i 



latter marked with a lozenp^e-shaped streak down the shaft ; tlnclis 
vellowisli ; <|iiills dusky; tail ferruuinous near the base whitisli, 
with a narrow bhiok band near the end ; hgs pale ; chiws bhuk. 

In a <hawini; of one, by Mr. Abl)ot, of Cieor^iu, I ol>serve 
fliat the lieneral brown eoh>nr does not incline to red ; the streaks on 
the breast not hjzeniie-sliaped, ])ut mere bhitelies; tlie ])ar near the 
• lid of the tail mneh broader, with a white tip ; and a tew lines of 
blaek on the chin, ami middle ot the belly. 

'J'he female is a tritle Mtrger ; has some lariie patches on the 
breast, not only of black, bnt broM n ; the tliiyhs, in both sexes, 
white. A\ith a few riifons moltlinns towanis the base. 

Inhabits various parts of North America; preys on hares, squir- 
rels, and sometimes fowls; is sutticiently common, bnt difficult t<» be 
shot, beinti' very shy ; is pr«>bably not miiiiatory, as it has been met 
with at all seasons. 



2()9.— BIZZARET. 



Fako liusarollii?, Ijiil.Orn. Sup. y. \\. Dauil.'n. 108. Shatv'i Zool. v'u. 203. 
1..' IJustray, Lcvail. Ois.\. p. 84. i)l.'20. 

1,11 SiisL- lU's SiivmiiR's iioyt'i's u tvtf lilaucli.", Toy. iVAsara, iii. No. 1:J. 
Ilu/zurtt, (.'tu. Si/ii' Sui>. ii. p. :J'2. 






i ■. 



.Mi 



ill 



SIZE of the Marsh Buzzard ; length IDin. ; breadth 5(Mn. 
Hill black; cere lead-colour; irides dark; head and neck rufous 
white, mixed with brown ; the last colour dee])er on the back of the 
neck ; back and wings rufous brown, or chestnut, more or les.s 
spotted, or streaked across with dusky bla<k ; tail l>arred with the 



\m- ) 






FALCON. 267 

same, but iiidininp; to rufous yellow at the base, and towards the end 
d\i.sky ; belly and thiu;hs lijrlit rufous, marked with transverse bands 
of black brown; (luills black, and reach to tlie end of the tail. 

Inhabits Cayenne, and is supposed to be the same bird, which 
IVr. IManduit mentions in the Encyclopedie Methodique, by the name 
of Busard roux de Cayeime. 



oio—AVIlITE-BREASTEl) FALCON. 



k 



Aiiu'iican T5ii/z;ird, or W liitt-linasto.l Ha" k, .Im. Orii. \\. [A. -j-l. t'.-l. 



TUTS is 2-2 in. lon.ii-, aiul four feet in extent. Bill blue, point 
black; cere pale urecn ; irichs briiiht sli-aw-colour; eyebrows nuwh 
projectinu ; h«'ad broad, tlaf, and larire ; the upper part, sides of tlic 
neck, and back brown, strcidxcd and stamed wilh » hite, and sanw 
pale rust; s<apidars and Mini;- coveits spotted wilh whifc^ <|nilis as 
in the American Bnz/nrd ; tail coverts white, barred brown; tail 
s]i.,'']itly rounded, pah^ brown, varyini;- in some to sorrel, crossed 
Avith nine or ten lilack bars, and tipped for half an inch with white : 
winys brown, barred with dusky, iimer vanes all white ; chin, 
throat, and breast white, with some slight touches only of brown, 
enciosing the chin; femorals yellowish white, thinly mark(;(l with 
miniite touches of rust ; legs bright yellow, feathered half way down ; 
belly broadly spotted with black, or very deep brown ; the tips of 
the wings reach to the middle of the tail. 

Mm 2 



1 , 

t ■ 



268 



FALCON. 



■ :ii»ii 



:'» 



This is fouiul in the same places as the American Bnzzard, and 
the possibihty ot' its belonging- to that species is hinted at, tVom 
similarity of make and shape ; as to the ditt'ereiux' of markinus of 
the tail, it is certainly not more than in the two sexes of om- Kestril, 
or the little Falcon of America : and we know, that the females of 
the Falcon tribe are ever larger than the males; bnt we are m<i:»^ 
<ertain, that it is not the Leverian Falcon, which Mr, Wilson has 
ipioted with a doubt, that bein,;>- allied to the Osprey, as before 
mentioned by us, under that head. 



m 

ft!. 



' ' '■ i 



21 1 —BARRED-BREASTED BUZZARD. 



!i 



i 1" 






Fali'n liiieatus, Ind. Oni.'i. ^T. (!m. IAn.\. 2(iS. Daud.W. lo8. Shaw's Znni. <,h, 

p. 113. 
Rcd-slxmlilorutl FaU'iiii, Arct. ZouLW. \o. iD'i, Am,Orn,\\. j)l,&3. f . 3» 
Uarreil-ltreiuti'd Bu/zard, Ucn. Sijn.'x. |). 50. 



SIZE of our Buzzard ; length 20 in. Bill blue, cere yellow; 
plumage above dee[) brown, inari;iued with ferrui;inous; chin the 
same, but paler; lesser wini; coverts ferruy:inons, spotted l)lack ; the 
iijreater inaru;ined with white on both webs, except for one inch or 
more at the ends ; tail rather short, deej) brown, w itii three narrow 
tlirty white bars, and one near the base ; the end also is dirty white ; 
fore part of the neck and breast rufous, shafts of the feathers black ; 
on the breast and belly interrupted bars of whilish, and pale 
ferrutrinous mixed : tliiuhs and vent dirty white, the tirst plain, the 
latter barred obscurely with brown ; leys str(»nii', yellow ; claws black. 

Inhabits \t»rth America; by .some called Closhawk. 



I 



F 



i^m 



F.4LC0\. 



2GU 



I rereived im acromit of two of tliese from 3rr. Alibot, of 
(J«or«>;i;i, with dniwings. He ol»s«Mves, tliat tho iiiiile is 20 in. loim^. 
ami 10 broad. Tlie general <listributiou of (.oloiirs lu.t unlike the 
above description, yet <litierin.u: in bein.i? darker; breast marked with 
burs nearly bhick, and the markings continued h)wer down. 

The young males have the markings mucli paler, tlie wings of 
a luowner red, and the featliers of the liead ])ale and narrow, uiviiig 
a fiat, bald appearance; cpiills and tail black, with the bars whitish. 
'J'he female less beautiful ; this sex having the red on the shouhh rs 
less distinct, and less mottled with white on the upper parts ; the 
tail, too, differs in being pale brown, with six paler brown bars. 



212.— CAYENNE FALCON. 



i' . 



Falco Cayancnsis, /„,/. Orn. u "28. Cm. Lin. i. 104. Daud. ii. 74. Shaw's Zool. vi, 

p. 100. 
Petit A utour df Cayenne, Bi(/.i. 'iS?. PI, enl. 473. 
Ca\ iiiui.' Falcon, (,Vn. Hijn, i. 50, 



I :■) 



LENGTH lOin. IJill blue; irides orange; head, and hind 
part of the neck bluish wliite; back and wings dark ash-colour; 
from the throat to the vent nearly white; quills black, secondaries 
barred m ith black ; tail crossetl with four or five alternate bars of 
black and white, the black ones the broader; tip white ; legs short, 
I due ; claws black. 

Lihabits Cayenne.— From the .shortness of the legs, seems to 
have some attinity to the Lanner, but as the wings reach to more 
than tuo-thi.ds on the tail, it may with more probability belong to 
the Cioshawk. 






<^i I 



iHl 




270 



FALCON. 






4' 



21,3— LOXG-SIIANKED FALCON. 





LENGTH 2 ft. Bill black ; cere yellow, and soinewliat bare 
as far as the eye ; crown bnwn, tlie feathers niar<>ine(l witli tawny : 
on the nnder jaw a terrnirinons tawny patch, with a kind of wreath 
of ash-colonr. in the manner of the Kinir-tail ; head, neck, body, 
and scapidars. nearly plain ))rowu ; wina^ coverts brown, spotted 
Mith dove-colonr; each feather, for the most part, marked with two 
bars of the last, and tipped with the .same, smaller on the lesser 
coverts; ureater <inills dove-colonr, narrowly barred and tipped uith 
black : the three outer ones ])lain brown ; the first three inches 
shorter than the second, the third loni>est, the third ami iVmrlh 
narrowinu' suddenly at the end halt", on the outer webs ; uinlei- v\ inu,- 
c()\«Mts, breast, l)elly. and thiiihs, ferrniiinous in bands an! sj^tts, 
.some of the si/e of peas ; thighs the same, but paler, and the white 
spots suialler. and more numerous; thighs and legs very long, the 
fuinier five induvs, the latter Al to the bend of the toes, colour 



11 



veilow 



claws black : tail KH inches lonff, (;ro.ssed with alternate 



bar 



s (tt hrow u au( 



I d 



<n('-culour, 



twel 



ve ni a 



II, 



an( 



1 tl 



le winiis reach 



to withni two niches of tlie eu« 



f th 



d. 



I found this in the collection of Mr. Bullock, l)ut with no history 
nexed ; it seems somewhat allied to the Long-legged Falcon, 



an 



No. })8. 



! 



l^H,|j:] 



i ' 



1^ 



<v^"i"P 



FALCOX. 



271 






214— MAUSII HAWK. 



Falco ulii.'^iiiosus, InJ. Orn. \. p. 40. (im. Lin. \. 27S. Daud.n. 105 
Busard di- Miiriiis, \"uiU. .Imcr. i. p. ."JT. 
La Bust- lnuiK.' tks C'liamp>, loy. d' Azaraxn. No. :j;J. 

Miirsli-IIawk, Uen. Sijn. i. i)0. Ililu-. ])1. •1\)\. Arcl. Zool. ii. Xu. 170. Haitrain 
Truv. 'JbO. SluuL-'s Zuul. vii. 100. Aiiur. Orn. vi. p. ()7. 



IN this the bill, cere, aiul leifs are like those of the Ileii-IIai- 
ner; irides ha/el; pliiiiiaire, in general, reseiiiblinu- that of the 
Uini'-tail, but is a laruer ))ir(l, beiiiij two feet in jenuth; the ears are 
surrounded w ith a kind of wreath of whitish feathers, and a bhuk 
line from the bill passes thron,u>h the eye, beneath which is a white 
mark or two; rami) white; tail dusky brown, crossed with four 
blackish bands. 

Inhabits Pennsylvania, frequenting- marshy places in the summer, 
feeding on small birds, frogs, snakes, and lizards. I received one 
of these from Jamaica, scarcely differing ; it was described to be a 
bold spirited bird, and that it would not hesitate to kill chickens, 
pigeons, &c. in the sight of any one. 

Edwards observes, that the tail is rather .shorter than in the 
Ring-tail, and Mr. Pennant hints, that the legs being stouter, ami 
shorter, make it distinct from that l)ird ; but in those which have come 
under onr inspection, the legs are not ditleient from those of the 
European IJing-tail, and it is probable that they are, in fact, reallv 
but one, and the same species. 

M. d'Azara found this in Paragnay, and about the river Plata, 
in South America ; but it is far from common there. 



i 



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FALCON. 



215— AMERICAN FALCOX. 

Falco oh.scui-us, /hi/. Oni. i. p. 44. dm, Lin. i. 281. Duud, ii. I'iJ. 
Dusky Falcon, Arct, Zuul. ii. No. 113. 
Aiiifriam Falcon, Gen, Si/n. Sitp, [>. 38. 



|f ! 



IJvSS tliau tlie ])iil)iojis Falcon. IJill bluish ; upper iiiaiulible 
armed with a sliarp process; ccr*; yellow; lieail and upper parts of 
(lie body dusky brown, the inaruiiis of the feather.s ferniu-iiious ; 
neck behind spotleil with nhite; <|uills dusky, inner webs marked 
with oval, pale, rnst-coloured spots ; tail short, tipped with white, 
and crossed with tour ))road dnsky bars, and the same uumber of 
white ones, biit narrower ; beneath, tVom the <"hui, whitish, streaketl 
w itii distinct black lines ; legs deep yellow. 
Inhabits New York. 



2U)— .m STY AND GUFY FALCON. 

I'lilco dixclor, Tiid. Oi-ii. Sup. p. xii. Act. Soc. \. lli.it.de Paris, i. [il. 1, p. !•! I. 

,S7i«ir'.« /.<i(i/. vii. ISo. 
Dri- hunt.' Falkc, .///./■.//. To-, ii. s.OSO. 1'2S. 
I.'ii-tv ami (ircv Falcon, Ciin. Si/ii. Sup. ir [). b'-i. 



'J'lIE size of this liird is not mentioned, but accordini;' to tlir 
description, tin.' nj>per parts of the phnnaue ar»' dusky grey; and 
nndcr, breast, belly, and thighs, dusky rust-colonr ; under wing 
and tail coverts white. 

Inhabits Cavenne 



■iw 



FALCON. 



27.J 



-17._SWALL0W-TAILED FALCON. 



Falco fuiTiitiis, /iif/. Dm. i. 'i-i. Lin.Si/st.'i. 1-29. Cm. Lin. \. 3()± Shaui't Zuol. \\\. 

107. 
IMilvus ('aroliiifiisis, lirU.\.A\K 7(/. 8vo. IIS. /)(/)((/. ii. )5->, Buf.\.21\. 
Fiilco I'tTiiviumis, caiidii t'uTcata, KIrin. .1v. ;jl. 14. 
Hirumlo maxima peruviana, T'niill. It. ii. ]). ;J.'J. 
!.f .Milan iiolr & IjlaiR', I'irill. Am. li. 38. pi. 10. 
Le Fau<-oii a (na-iic en riscaux, I'ut/. iV/hura, iii. No. .'JS. 
Swallow-taili'd Falcon, Uen..Si/n.\. (10. /</. .Vi/y;. ii. p. '28. Arct. Zou/.h. No. lOS. pi. 

10. Luwii. Carul. l:iS. Burt. 7'iuv. -ISO. Aat, Misc. pi. iOA. Aimr. ()i,i. m. ,,[. 

51. 1. -2. 



and 



THIS laosit elouniit species is less than tlie ooinmon Kite; 
lent- til two feet, broadtli tonr. IJili Mack : cereblu*-; irides reddish 
oranue; licad, nerk, hnast, and beneath pure wliite, in some in- 
rlininu- t<. bidf-cohnn-; rest of the plnniaue above, the win.us, and 
tail purphsli bnnvii, ahnost bhick, y hissed with ureen on the rump, 
upper tail eoverts, and tail ; shajje of the last very forked, l;}in. in 
ienuth, the two outer feathers exceeding the middle ones full eiuht 
inches: the wings, when closed, leach two-thirds on the tail : hus 
yellow. 

lioth sexes are nearly alike in plumage. 

Inhabits Carolina, in summer; also (Georgia, feeding on snakes, 
the larva' of wasps, and other insects, tearing the nests of ihein. 
V liich hang on the trees, t"or the sake of the contents. By some it is 
called the Snakn-IIawk; is migratory, retiring in the colder season 
to Peru, and other parts of South America. 31. d'Azara supposes 
this to be the bird (pioted from his voyage above, but M. Sonniiii. 
his commentator, thinks it a distinct .species. 



VOL. I. 



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274 



FALCON. 



218.--BRAZILIAN KITE. 



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Falco braziliensis, /«c/. Orn. i. p. 21. Gm. Lin.'u 2C>'2. liaii, Si/n. p.lT. G. lYilLOrn. 

p. 4-2. t. 9. Bris. i. 405. /</. 8vo. 110. BtifW. ^2r2. Daud.w. \\0. Shuu.-y 

Zool.vn. 100. 
Caraciira, Marc Braz. p. 211. Voi/: d'Azara,'m. No. 4. 
Brazilian Kite, Gen. Si/n. i. ^3. Will. Engl. p. 76. 



SIZE of a Kite, witli the bulk and strength of tlie greater 
Buzzard; lengtli 21 in. Bill hhick ; i rides gold-colour ; round the 
eyes yellow ; general colour of the plumage rufous, spotted with 
wlute and yellow; wings reach to near the end of the tail, which i>! 
nine inches long, the colour white and brown mixed, but whether 
forked in shape or not, is not mentioned ; legs yellow, claws black ; 
in some the breast and belly are white. 

Inhabits Brazil, and tliere known Ijy the name of Caracam : 
said to be a great destroyer of poultry. This is somewhat rare in 
the neigldjourhood of tlje Kiver Plata, but found more frequent 
al>out Paraguay, where it is called Carancho ; at Brazil named Gavia 
(Buzzard). These birds begin to pair in June, and make the nest 
on the tops of trees, forme<l of sticks, almost flat, and lined with 
hairs; lay two eggs, dark-coloured, spotted with red, and somewhat 
pointed at the smaller end ; <»bserved mostly in pail's, or single, 
except in pursuit of prey, when four or rive are sometimes seen 
together; will attack land)s, and pursue other birtls who may have 
been in possession of spoil, and force them to give it up, the Eagles 
])erhaps excepted ; also is very destructive to small birds, which it 
takes on the wing, and has been knowji to force the Carrion Vulture 
to give uj) its prey. 



■i ■ 



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FALCON. 



276 



219— MISSISSIPPI KITE. 

Falco Mis»issippensis, Mississippi Kite, Amer. Om, in. pi. 25. f. 1. 

LENGTH 14in. ; extent of wing 3 ft. Bill, cere, lore, and a 
narrow line round the eye, black ; irides dark red ; head, neck, and 
exterior webs of the second quills, hoary white ; lower parts whitish 
ash; back, rump, s«Hipulars, and wing coverts, dark ash, inclining- 
to black ; wings very long and pointed, the third quill longest ; 
primaries bhick, with reddish shafts ; the prime coverts also tinged 
the same, but slightly ; all the upper parts of the plumage white at 
the roots ; scapulars spotted white, but oidy seen when the feathers 
are blown aside ; across the wing, just above the great (piill.s, a bar 
of white, arising from the ends of the secondaries being of that 
colour; tail slightly forked, jet black; rump the same; legs tine 
orange red, towards the tail blackish; wings and tail equal in length. 

Inhabits the Mississippi, a few miles below Natchez, an«l thought 
by the author to be a new species; sails about in easy circles, and at 
a considerable height, in conq)any with the Carrion Vultures, ami 
imitates them in tlight ; the principal part of the food seems to be 
cicada', as it was observe*] sweeping among the trees, in which they 
abounti ; likewise beetles and grasshoppers. 



N N 2 



m 



276 



FALCON. 



22().-vSALVAI)OR FALCON 



Fiilco piilustris, Muxiin. Truv. i. \>. 9.3. 



'I !■ 



.! in' 



\i'H 



LENGTH l})in. S lines. ITead siiriouiuled \v\i]\ an 0,\l\ 
rrown, of a mixture of yellowish white and dark brown ; (»ver the 
eve a wliitish stripe; all the upper parts ofthe plmiiane dark Ijrown; 
lower parts pah' yellowisli red, with dark brown, loni^itudinal sti'ij)es; 
tliroat <lark biown ; thighs and rnnip rii^ty red ; (piills and tail ash 
grey, with <lark brown, tr.nisverse strijx^s. 

Inhal)its JJrazil, met >\ith near Ihe >'illa de St. Salvador. — 
Prince .Maximilian ealls it a beautifnl species ot' Kite, but does n<rt. 
mention the shape of the tail. 



221.— ST. JOHN'S FALCON. 

Falco S. Joliannis, /»(/. OrH. i. ;J4. (win. Lin. \. 27;]. Dattd.n. 10-3. Sfiaiv''s Zool. ru, 

150. 
St. Joliu'si Ful<'on, Ccn. Si/n.'\, 77. Arct. '/.ool.n. X<>. 9.'3. i)l. 0, 

BILL horn-c<jlour, m ith a black tij) ; cere yellow ; forehead 
\\hite; head and neck ferruginous; chin the same, a little mottled; 
u])|)er j)arts of the body deep brown, the margins of the feathers 
paler, some of them nearly white ; ridge of the wing white; thighs 
feathered to the toes, marked with broad and narrow streaks ; base 



W 



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FALCON. 



2T7 



of the tail clay-colour, the rest of the leiiirlh liulit, barn*! uith 
black, the bars crossing; some of the feathers ol>li(|uely ; lei,rs ycljdw. 
Inhabits Newfomullaud. 



2-22.— NEWFOUNDLAND FAL( ON 



P, ■' 



Falro nova, tcrr.,., Ind. Oni. i. 3-1. Cm. Lin. i. 271. Duud. ,i. lOu. .S7,„a\ /.v/. m, 

147. 
Newfouiidlaiiil Falcon, Gen.Si/u.u 7'J. liiit. Zuu/.u. <J.j. 



LENGTH 20 ill. Bill pale ash, tip bla<k : cere y..'llou ; iiidts 
• ieep yellow; plumage above brown ; nape iVmiuiiK mis'; back, wiim 
eoverts, and .-capniars, with paler maruiiis ; dieeks 1iim,,| ^^\\U 
ash-colonr; belly fern ii-i nous, with dark irie-idar l)l.>telM"s ; ycnt 
<.'lay-colour; thiuhs mottled ash, with round dark spots ; (he h.ue. 
feathers with four great blotches of the same; tail barred deeper and 
paler brown, four bars in all; legs strong, yellou, feathered lu.li 
way doMTi. 

I idiabits Newfoundland; probably allied to the last. 




m 



278 



FALCON. 



223— PIf;EON-HAMK. 

Fiilro rohimbariiis, fnd.Oni.i. ]). 44. Li'h. i. 128. Cm. Lin. \. '2S1. Pliif, Trans, 
Ixii. .'JS-2. />. ./hkt. p. !). A7< i/i. ^/c. p.51. U«r/r. Y'ruf. '2H(>. y>»i(i. ii. ji. H'J. 
.S/i(iic'.t /(»)/. vii. IW). j-lmcr. Orn.W. pi. l.'). f. 3. 

Af'i'ipittT curolinensis, litijW. ."17^. /(/. !Svo. 1 10. 

Tlnmiiicnliis columhariiis, ("ifsscrelli' di's l*ii,'roiis, Vicitl.Am.x, \i.'W. pi. II. 

EpiTvier lies I'l^^t'oiis, liiij'. i. "i.'jS. 

Fiijt'on-Hawk, Gen. Syn,\. 101. Id. Sup, 27. Cates, Car. \. pi. 3. Arct, Zool. W. 
No. 111. 



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LEXfJTII 10! ill.; ])r('a«Uli 22! iiiclw's; Mci-lit (>] oiiiiees. IJiU 

wliifisli, Mitli a l>lark tip; ctre and iiides liiteoiis ; Ik ad. and all 

llie iipjicr i).i!ts brown; tliioat, and all beiieafh }t'llu\\ili white, 

streaked with l)n)wn ; tail crossed with four narrow, darkrr hands; 

lei-s yellow, ehn^ s black. From the description of one sent to me 

by Mr. Vbbot, oi" Cieoruia, J learn that the margins of the brown 

tlathersare rnlbns, and a pale whitish streak j)asse.s over the eye to the 

iia]>e ; that the tail is lonu,', and the wings do not reach innch beyond 

the base of it; the length of this last bird 1();] in. and the breadth 2,9. 

My late friend 31 r. llntchiiis informed me, that it comes into 

Ilndson's ]}av in .Mav, and !>reeds there, making the nest of .sticks 

and grass, lined with f(^atliers, either in the hollow of a rock, or tree, 

ami lays from tuo to four m hite eggs, thinly spotted ^ith red ; the 

yonng tly in Angust, and early in the following month it retires 

again southward ; it preys there on .small birds, and is known by the 

name of Pecnsish. 

Mr. Abbot speaks of it as common, and that it is the greatest 
enemy of all the Hawks to poultry, more especially in autumn. 
He observes, too, that at first sight it lias much the air of the 
Ringtail, ])nt the rump is not white; it goes by the name of Hen- 
Hawk, or Chicken-Hawk, about his neighbourhood. 



FALCON. 



279 



^-. 



224-SIIARP-SHINNED HAWK. 



Falio jIuMii", Tnd. Orn. i. 44. Cm. Lin. i. 2S1, Daud. ii. 122. 
Slmr|>-sliimuil Hawk, KiiUo vtlox, Jm. Orn. v. IU\. pi. 4.'). f. 1? 
Duliioutt Fulcoii, Cen. Si/n. .Sup. 37. Arcl. Zoul. ii. No. 112. 






THE iiijile of this is 10 in. in length, and wti^lis .six ounces. — 
Bill dusky ; cere iuul iritles yellow ; liead dusky, streaked with rust- 
<;olour; hack and winu' coverts hrown, ed<>ed with rust; prime quills 
dusky ash, haned with hiack ; and within with oval, transverse, 
ferni^inous spots ; hreast and belly «lirty white, with ohlonu; hrowii 
streaks, somewhat in the manner of the Merlin ; tail loni;-, deep 
cinereous, crossed with four bars of black, resemblin<;- that .»f the 
Sparrow Hawk; lei's huviv and slender; soles of the feet irre<j,ular, 
and lobated ; claws lilack. 

The onedesj'rib'j;! in the Amer. Ornith. is, we J)elieve, the t'emale; 
.said fobc \t]'\i\. l<»nu,', and 'i-jin. in extent; the colours are less bright, 
and the bird is larger, as usual in that sex ; but the colour of the 
plumage does not essentially ditfer; I observe, however, that the 
vent an«l under tail coverts are white, and the tips of all the tail 
leathers also white. 

Inhabits America; fomidatXew York and Carolina; that men- 
tioned in till' Anun-. Ornith. was shot on the banks of Schuvlkill, and 
reij'.arka()lc for its swiftness in tliyht — another character also belonu:s 
to this species, which is, the sharpness of the insides of the shins, 
below the knee, imitatinj;- the edge of a knife; it feeds on small 
birds like many other Hawks, and also a [)articular kind of Lizard, 
known in the country by the name of Swift, and which, it is su})pose<l, 
none other of the Hawk tribe is able to obtain. 




280 



FA ICO V. 



'226— SLATE-COLOURED FALCON 




WB§^ 



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P'alco pi'imsylvaiiicus, Shitc-colouicil IIio\k, Am. Oni. vii. pi. 4t>, f. 1. 

THIS is 11 in. lon^-, ;nul 31 in extent of Avinir- Bill blue- 
Itlin'lv; ct'ie and sides of tlie nioiifh, (Inll uieen ; eyelids velKiw : 
iiidt's fiery oranue ; plmnaiie above fine skite-colonr ; primaries 
l»roun-l)laek, and, as well as the se<'ondaries, barred with dnsk\ ; 
scapnlars s|»ott4'd \\hite and biown ; shafts of all the feathers of the 
n|»j)er parts black ; tail sliiihtly forkeil, brownish ash-<'olonr, crossed 
with I'oni' broad bands of l»la<'k, tipped with \\liite, and is tliree 
inches lonyer than the win^s; over the eye a dull ^liite streak; chin 
white, marked with fine black hairs ; breast and belly varieuated 
\\\\\i terrniiinons and transverse spots of white; thiiihs the same: 
vent pure white : l(\<is lonij,', very slender, rich orange yelloi\ ; ejaws 
black, larii( . and remarkably sharp : in the fii;nre, 1 obscive the 
same lobes on the inuk'r part of ihe toes as in the last sjiecies, tlKtniiu 
omith'd in the description. 

rnha])its Pennsyhania, and the Atlantic States iienerally ; the 
one from which this description wa ti.ken, was sh.»i in t!se neiuhbonr- 
hood ol Philadelphia. It certainly seems mucli allied to the Sharp- 
shimied. or last species, bnt is <(»nsidered in tlie Amer. Oniith. as 
distinct. 'I'he ab(»ve described was a male. 



Pi 



^ 
i 



^ 



0. 



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FALCON. 



281 



226 —BROWN-BACKED FA LCON 

LENGTH 18. Bill dusky, cere yellow; plumag-e aliove l)ro\\n, 
<larkt'r on tjie crown ; cheeks tawny brown ; chin cinereous >\ Ijite: 
with slender streaks; the rest beneath barred thisky white and 
ferrufiinous ; quills barred with black on the inner ^vcbs, from the 
base to the middle white ; tail rounded, dark dove-colour, witli Hve 
blackish bars, the end dusky white; tlie quills reach s\bout three- 
fourths on the tail; leifs feathered one-third below the jon<t, and on 
the outer side tliey hansr over it to some lenuth ; thev are loii"- 
slender, and yellow ; claws very long, black ; on the niidtlle foe u 
kind of lobe, or appendage. 

In the collection of Mr. Bullock. 






u 



I 



227.— BARRED-TAIL FALCON. 

LFIVGTII 17in. Bill and cere dusky ; plumaiie alwve rustv 
brown, mixed with ferruginous, the feathers being ol>scur( ly baneJl 
and lipped with the same, most conspicuous on the upper tail and 
lesser wing coverts ; chin, and throat to the breast, blotched with 
bnrt' and dark brown ; from thence dull tawny ^^hite, crossed with 
numerous brownish bands, each tawny in the middle; tail nine 
iuche* long, a trifle rounded at the end, brown, crossed with 20 c.r 
more darker brown bars, not very distinct on the n])per surface; 
legs moderate, yellow, feathered somewhat l)elow t!ie joint, and the 
side feathers of the thighs hang over it ; claws black. 

In Mr. Bullock's Museum. 



VOL. I. 



O o 




m 


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282 



FALCON. 



228. - BLUE-B AC K E I) V\ LCON. 

LENGTH IHin. breadth '2\\. Bill (lusky blue; cere yellow; 
iri«les red ; pliimaiie above line blue ufrey ; with a tew lines of black 
on the head, and back of the neck; (juills dusky bla<'k ; tail bhie, 
crossed with three dusky bars, which at the end an<l tli«j base are 
twice as broad as those of the middle; all the under parts, fr«nn chin 
to vent, pale, marked with liju;ht ferrui,inons bars and stre.dvs; thiuhs 
the same, the feathers long ; vent and under tail coverts white ; legs 
yellow, slender. 

Inhabits the neighbourhood about Georgia in America, .^ A 
[>articularly destructive to chickens ; when<,'e it has obtained the ii.«ai'- 
of (;hicken-Hawk. This has some afHnity to the Pigcon-IIawk, 
l)nt in Mr. Abbot's opinion is a distinct species, and a much scarcer 
bird. 



ioo.—GREAT-BILLEl) FALCON 

Falco mafi;nirostris, ln(I.Oni.\. p. 40. Cm, Lin.\, '282. Ihiuil. n. S4. .V/uiic',^ Zon/. 

vii. 190. 
EpervitT 11 tfro.H her i\v CiiyeniK', Buf. i. 2-')7. PL fii/. 401.' 
l^)i-'rvi(.'i- Iilt'Uiitie, I'oy. iVAzaru ii. >'<>. '20, 
Gieiit-ljillt'd Falcon, GVrt. Si/n. i, p. lOU. Id. .S'h;». u, '27. 

BUFFON describes this bir<l as exceeding the Sparrow-IIawk 
a little in siz«! ; the bill longer, thicker, ami !)lack ; cere yellow : 
irides omnge; plumage brown above, edged with frrugimms; befor< ., 



'ili-i 



2'}0.— AM^T^ICAN Bl{OW> HAWK. 



i««iP 






FALCOX. 



283 



as far as the breast, the same, but >\ itli a ifreater mixture of ferrutri- 
nous ; belly, thighs, and vent, Mhite, crossed with mnnerous, narrow , 
ferruginous strite; tail baudeu black and white; legs yellow, shorter 
than in the Sparro\\ -Iluwk ; claws black. 

Inhabits Ca3euMe. IJiittbu refers to the pi. enlum. which lias 
the l)ill only of the (ronimon size ; but that such a bird as the Great- 
billed Falcon does exist, is manifest, from one sent among a collec- 
tion from thence ; in this I observed the bill so large as to merit the 
term monstrous, from being of twice the usual size, and very hooked ; 
the upper mandible black, the under yellow ; aboiit the legs almost 
bare of feathers ; plumage above as in the other, behind the neck a 
crescent of white; chin and fore part of the neck rufous, with a J)ar 
of ])lack at the end of each feather; luuler parts of the body white; 
thighs and parts between them rufous and white: the tail was want- 
ing ; the length of this last described was one foot from the tip of the 
bill to tin rump. 






rake, ruscus, /«</. Oni.i. p.4:J. Gw. Lin. \. 2S{). Mill. IH. t. 18. Dand.'u. i. 8(5. 

Shtiw's Zool. vii. Kil. 
I. a IJiiM- ^silliiiivorc, I'iiUlot. .Imrr. i. p. 3:}.' 
Aim riciin llrown ILiwk, (jlcii. Si/n. i. p. 08. 



SIZE and shap<- of the Sparrow-IIawk. Bill pale lead-colour ; 
cere dusky; [»lumag«Md)ove cinereous brown, with a trifle of white 
on the scapulars; top an<l sides of the head marked with longitudinal, 

O o 2 



f ri ! 




284 



FALCON. 



narrow, white streaks ; beyond the eye a pale-roloiired one ; aU 
hen^.ath the body white; fore part of the neck, the breast, and Ix-Ily, 
streaked witli leddish Inown down the sliafts ; thighs dirty wJiite, 
streaked with brown; tail crossed witli tln*ee bars of dark brown, the 
end pale. Another, supposed to be the fenude, had thelongituiUtial 
streaks beneath more niunerons, besides some transverse bars of h;iht 
brown ; the leys in both slender, as in the Sparrow-Hawk, ami i>t' 
tlie same coh>nr. 

Described from the collection of the late Sir A. Lever, and pro- 
bably is tlie .' <,«^ bird referred to in Miller's plates, in which the 
irides are wry p; early white, but the claws are so remarkably 

thi<k and short, a>. lO make it probable, that there was some inac- 
curacv in the eniiravin<>'. 



iiT i 



1 :.! 



'i:31 . — lU 1 01 S-J3ELLIED FALCON. 

Fiiloo nitivPiitiis, Inil. Orn. Sup. \i. \\\\. Enci/c. Meth. \>. (iS7. Daud.Orn.ii. p. SC. 
Epeivier hkuiitie, Vot/.d' Azara, iii. No, 20? 
Rulous-ljelli«l Falcon, GVh. Syn. Sup. ii. p. 39. 

SIZE of the SpoiTow-IIawk. Bill blue; head cinereous bro>\ii, 
i)aler at the naj)e ; throat whitish in the middle, and rufous on ea<h 
side ; upper j)art of the body deep brown ; the under rufous ; vent 
nearly white ; legs yellow ; claws black. 

The female is paler in colour. 

Inhabits Cayenne. 



1 


i 


■ r 
: I 


"l 
■ !■ 


11 : , , 







FALCON. 



28.> 



•232 —SURINAM FALCON. 



I'alco Sufllator, fnd. Ont. i. '37, Lin.u V17, Cm. Lin. \. 27r}. Daud.u. 114, i'Aujt'j 

Zoul. \ ii. 155. 
Surinam Falcon, Cin. Si/n. i. 84. Bancr. Ciuiuii. 153. 



AVE learn fVoni Linnanis;, Ihat the cere is yellow ; nostrils 
fiiriiislied with a fleshy lohe between them ; the covering of the eyes 
bony;* body above brown, the feathers Avhite at the base ; nnder 
parts and tail spotted with brown, white, and luteous ; legs yellow. 

Inhabits Surinam ; when this bird is angry, or frightened, it is 
said to blow up the head to the size of the body.t 

I observed one similar in the collection of Miss Blomefuld. 
Size of the Ilen-Harrier ; above brown, mixed with ferrnginons ; 
forehead and throat palest ; a streak of brown from the base of the 
]>ill to a little beyond the eyes, pointed behind; under parts white, 
streaked with brown, the breast tinged with rusty ; thighs buff- 
rolour ; quills spotted with rust, beneath dirty white, with obscure 
narrow bars of brown. 

This last was brought from Cayenne. 



* Oculorum operculis o,»ff;«— probably meaning, that tlie opacpie part of tlie cornea of 
the eye is of a bony texture ; if so, it is l)y no means peculiar to this bird, for it is more or 
less a iiaril substance in most of the •;enus, but renuukably so in the Owl tribe; in whicii, the 
«-ye being large, tlie circumstance is very; conspicuous — on this head Klein in his Stem. Av. 
1. 10. f. 1. a.2. b. may beconsulted — also Beseke Vog. Kurlands, t.8. & 9. at tiie endof whic h 
Ii a treatise on the subject. 

t Mentioned also by Dr. Bancroft, who says, the bird distends the head with air when 
angry or terrified ; liow this is occasioned we know not. As to the enlargement of the breast of 
the Powter Pigeon, it arises from the crop being filled with air, yet I do not find tiiat this part 
has any thing ditferent in structure from thnt of other pigeons. 



if 

■ i 

■ 1 


" ,i 
■\ 

11, i 


! . 


n 


" 1, ,, 




t 

i 


! :t 





•iS() 



FALCON. 



2.'w.— lalt; hixg falcon, 



Fulfo I'acliiiinaiis, Jiid. Orii. i. 37. Lin. i. 128. (,'m. Lin. 1. 277. Daud. ii. 11(5. 

Sftuw's Zool. \\\. !•")(). 
I.i- Fnucoii noirutn- & lilinic, Jo;/. iVAzarn iii. No .'3-1. 
LaiiLrtiiiiLr Falcon, (iin. Si/n. i. p. S.'i, 



'm • 



'rrilS sliort rlescription is given by Linnanis. Cere and legs 
liiteous; eyeli<ls white; hody brown and wliitish mixed; all beneath 
>\hite; tail Ijanded luteons and black. 

Iidiabits America; on ?;eeing any one, it is said to set np a kind 
of laiiiih ; iiossibly it may differ in sex from the rollowinu:. 

/..eiigth KJin. Crown dashed with blown ; on the wings, when 
closed, a large bntt'-colonred spot, crossed with slender brown stripes; 
this arises from the greater qnills, all of which, except the two tirst, 
are hiitf-colonred in the middle; beneath the body whitish, Ijieast 
and belly dashed here and there with brown, some of tlu- leatheiii 
^>holly brown ; thighs pale bntf, obsoletely streaked with brown. 

Inhabits Ca>enne; called Pagani gris tachetc. One of these, 
.said to be met >\ith in Paraguay, in October, near twenty niches 
lont>, and fii'ty-eight broad. 



234.— WHITE-1 HOMED FALCON. 






i 



li 



1 



TN this the bill is black ; cere sky-bine; irides yellow ; forehead 
>\li from thence to the to}) of the head a streak of white, half an 
inch hroad ; between this and the eye mixed deep brown and \\hite; 



i;M; 



:l ..' 



\rl' 



m 



ri.Mi. 



Im-y-; 





I': I., 



FALCOV. 



287 



the rest of the head wliite, with a hirge spot of dusky at tlie Ini<k 
of tlie neck; all the upper parts dusky, except the tail, of uliirh 
the twoiuiddle feathers are plain, the rest crossed with duskv and 
white bauds; some of the greater quills have also the same uiaikiuus ; 
all beneath, from the chin, snow white; upper and under tail coverts 
banded hrown and white; leys bluish white. 

I met wiMi this in a collection of birds, but without any history 
annexed ; the size omitted to be noticed. 



2;3o.— SPOTTED-TAILED IIOBmV-PL. XIT 



Fakoplmnlnus, /,„/. Orn.i. 49. G,„. Lin.l. 2S9. Dmtd. u, V^\. Shaw's Zool \ii 

Milvus C.nchris, Le Milan Cresserelle. Jieill. Am. Sept. i. 38. pi. 10. 
Spottwl-tiiik-a IloI.In-, Gen.Spi.i. lOG. 

SIZE of a Sparrow-IIawk, but with a shorter tail; length M', 
inches; breadth 2ft. 11 in. Bill black, cere dusky y^dlo^^^ irides 
red; tliioMgh theeyeabroad black streak ; head, neck, and lower 
l)art oi" the back cinereous, the plumage elsewhere darker, almost 
lead-colour on the shoulders; but the (piills, tail, second coverts, and 
quills are pale, and the middle of the prime ones fine nifous: 
the first (piill is two and a Imlf inches shorter than the 
second, and that one inch shorter than the third, whicli is the loimest 
of all ; tail dusky lead-colour, nearly even, the two middle feathers 
l)lain, the others marked with three ^hite spots on the inner web, 
one uear the end, the second al>out the middle, and a thir.l near the 
»>;Lse; wings and tail nearly even in length ; legs dull yellow, with 





, 


fl-' 




f '■ 




I ■;'' 









' It 



Mm 



2S8 



FALCOV. 



a purplish tinffp, and tessellaU'd ; claws black; the feathers of the 
joint cover tlie shins a trifle below it. 

Inhabits Cayenne ; met with als(» in the neiuhbonrhood of 
Savannah, in (leorifia, in the snniiner, and is nnjch on the wiiiir; in 
winter it disappears. JJy soniecalltd the Pijueon-Ifawk — Mv. Abliot 
says it varies fioni aijeorsex, butth«' rufous spaces in theniithlleof the 
quills, and the three white spots on the tail feathers, are jiermaneiit. 
and will prevent its bciiii;' mistaken for any other species. Found 
(omuion at fiuiana, and as far south as 27 deg. latitude; called by 
M. d'Azara, Azule/o.* 

That described in the Synopsis was from one in my own 

ft 1 ft- 

collection, and had the head, neck, lower part of the back, and all 
beneath lis>ht grey ; the jdumage elsewhere very dark h ad-colour, 
w ith the three s])ots on each side of the tail feathers, and the inner 
webs of the quills rulbus, us before mentioned, but without the 
.streak through the eye ; perha|)s this may differ in sex, On 'i Mr. 
^^r. M'Leay's collection had the shafts of the quills, and ta hers 

^\hite beneath; this came from Berbice, and was namt d iMiie/i 
Barini. 



236.— HOBBY BUZZARD, 

Falco Buzoii, Iiid.Orn. Sup. [>. \\. Ditud.W. 108. Shaw's Zool. \n. -lO'l. 
Le Buzoii, Lei-ail, Ois. i 80. pi. 21. 

La Buse des .Siivaiuieo noji'es <l'iiii roiigeatre fonct', Vol/. d'Azara, \\\. Js'o. 14. 
Ho))by B\izzurd, Gen. Si/h. Sup. \\, p. 31. 

SIZE of the Hobby. Bill horn-colour ; cere deep yellow ; 
irides bright red ; head and neck dusky, the base of the feathers 

• Apunt. pani la Hist. Xat.de los Paxaros del Paraguay, 1. 1. No. 57. p. 167. 



FALCON. 



2Hii 



white ; upper parf of the body and winir.s rutous aiul hhuk, iiremi- 
larly mixed; quills cl.isky; secondaries etlifed with rufoiis; tail e>vn, 
blaek, with a narrow hand of white about the middle, tip uhite; all 
the umler parts (»f the bo<ly and thighs pule rutins, crossed ivith 
darker markinij:s; le'^'s yellow. 

Inhabits Cayenne ; diliers from the Bu/zarets, in n(»t ha\iim 
the quills reach beyoiul one-third on the tail ; in the latter they are 
equal to it in length, and the bill is more broad, and shorter 'than 
m that bird. It seems somewhat allied to the Spotted-tailed Hobby. 
One killed in Paraguay, in December, was IT^in. long and 4obroad. 



237.— ORANGE-BREASTED HOBBY. 

Falcoaurantius, Ind. Orn. i. 48. Cm. Lin. i. '283. Daud. ii. 130. Shaw's Zool. v.i. 194. 
L'Eintrilloii ilecoiileur (If ploiiib, Votf. d'Azara, iii. No. 39? 
Orange-breiisted ilohbj-, Gen. Syn. i. 105. /(/. Sup. p. 28. 



SIZE of the Hobby; length loin. Bill lead-colour, with a 
pale base; plumage above dark brown ; all, except the crown, hind 
part of the neck, and wing coverts, crossed with narrow, interrupted 
whitish bars; feathers of the chin long, narrow, hairy, and whitish ; 
throat brownish orange, spotted with white ; breast orange ; belly 
dark brown, barred with dusky butf-colour ; thighs ferruginous, 
dashed with brown down the shafts ; under tail coverts the* same, 
barred with dusky ; tail as the back, the base half crossed with 
narrow white bars ; the end half plain ; legs long and slender, lead- 
coloured ; toes and claws long; the wings reach to the middle of the 
tail. 



VOL. I. 



P P 



i 1 



ii ;.- 



',* '. 



ill 





2f)0 



FALCON. 



The above is probuMy a female; I liave met wifli two siniUer 
•>ne<i, vvhieh we may sit|»|)(»se were males; llie first t»f (hem was only 
nine iiieli'^s in leiiii^tli ; tlie bars on the baek not very <'onspieiums ; 
ehin |)hiir N\nite; the tliroa! aloiu* onniyc ; space romxl the eyes 
sparinuly rurnislu'd \\\\\\ liath rs; the seeond abont ten inehes Ioh/l;-, 
and had a huiie rnfons patch on the throat ; hi tlie mi(hlleof tlii«i a 
spot of wliite ; ]dnmaiie above I>rown bhick, l»arre»l with bhiish ; 
l>reast an«l belly the same, barred with white ; h.iver belly, thighs, 
and vent rnfons; legs oran lie. 

The first inl<a]»its Snrinam— the other twobronuht iVom C'avenne. 



2'JS.— LITTLE r A LCON. 

Mai.f..— Faico Spiiivci'ins, Tml. O.n. i. 42. I.'ni. i. 1"2S. Cm, Lhi. i. 284. raiin. Aiiui . 

srpt. tit. pra lix. Dimd. \\. '-X'i. Sfiuir's '/ool. vii. li)0, t. 'iti. V'uill. Amtr. i. 

p. 41), i-i. 1'2, l:J. Amer. Orn ii. \,\. US, f. 1, /,/. iv. jil. 32, f. 2. 
yl'^salon < liriiliiniisis, liris. i. .'JS(i. t. .■}2, t'. I. /(/. t<T(>. 112. 
I'alco vtTtict' vil riihn) vcl lutto, Klein. Av. ]>.^)l, 
Faloo niitiDr riit't'sccns. Druwu. Jitiii. 471. 
Esmerilloii lirmit't bleuatir, f'oi/. d'Aznrn, .'}, \ . 40.* 
Esmeiilldu di' L'avfiiiu', Buf. i. 2!)1. /)/. etil. 444. 

EMiR'rilloii Cry (iiy, Run Si/n. p. 1!>, No.-'}. Iht T< rtrf Antil. ii, 25:}. lUud. ii. 138. 
LittK' Fiilfoii, C.Vh. Syn. '•. 110 Vats. Car. i. j.l. ",, Arrl. Zm<l. ii. No. 110. 

Ff.MaLE. — Fulco <!()iniiiit'(.'iisis, Gm. Lin. i. 285. Datid. ii. 14.3. 
/EsaliMi (loniinict'iisis, Bris. i. (J80. t. S-'J. f. 2. I<i, tno, 112. pi. tnl. 4()3. 
Nt'n-Vork iMerliii, (len. Syn. i. 1)8. A. 
"it. DuiiHiigu Merlin, G't'», Syn. i. i>. 111. Ar<t. Zool. ii, 212. 

THE male is the size of the < <>mm<M- Merlin ; length I'^.iii. 
breadth 21 ; weight 3^ oz. bill blmsli ; t.ere and irides yellow 







FALCON'. 



2yi 



crown of the head hrovr'nisl 



pale lead-coloured 



I oniiiir,., surrounded with a wreath oj" 



three blaek niarh 



frey, spr-n.ifiiiii: troni the forehead ; in l)ot}i 



the 



s on each side of <lie head. 



sexes 



ears, and a snialier one J)ehind ll 



vi/. under the eye, ovi 



nape, makes the nninher in all seven ; pli 
of the hodv oranue brown, striatetl 



le 



Ijcin, which, witli one on tl 
iniai-e on the upper part' 



bl 



across with blaci 



ne 



Iv ; wnii;- co\erts 



-M-rey, transversely spotted ^ith black; thr,)at uhit" : beneall 



the iKMly pale, inarke<l with black : tail red 1 



end with a broad black bar 
black. 



Mown, marked at the 
an<l the tip white ; lei;s vcllow, claus 



The ftMuale is a tritle biii^er, and diti 



striped across with man\ black b 



"ers as in <»ur Kestril ; beiiii; 



tail, too, is rul 



ous, Willi nine or ten I 



>ars. and sjmts on the winys ; the 



lars of black; but the two out 



feathers are white, or nearly so, barn(U\ith black as tl 
IS said that the male is like the female till tl 



er 



It 



»e rest. 



and after that the tail liatl 
black 



le tirst change, 
lers are rufous, with onlv one bar of 



T\ 



abid 



lis species inhabits Virninia, Carol 



m: 



es in the two former all tl 



may be obser>ed sittinii- 



and St. Dominuo, 
le year; is connnon in Georuia, and 



>nild 



s u\\ trees in an elevated situat 



on the tops of dead trees and st 



of dry twit's, root 
Mith ridoi 



on, ajid makes a nest 



umps; it 



and d 



ni a 



holl 



o\v 



rv iirass 



tl 



nassl 



IS spots; is freipieutiv found 



le ei.;i;s white, four in number 



loppers, nncc, and small birds. 
In its nature observed t,, | 



round j>onds, and fond of 



»e I 



and has much of the nature- and act 



nore iicnth; than any other hau k 



Mr. Abb(»t, from whom I learn theab 



ions t,{ the Windho\ 



Cl- 



one, w 



hici 



a few streaks of I 
ill I 



I was a yomii-- bird, dilferiny- in the 



ove particulars, uientioned 



cr(»un on 



»rown in the middle, ami on the breast 



Iv, 1 



ot small bnmn spots; also the streak 



lavnit; 
a numbei 



the i; 



romul a darkej- red I 



on the neck and back thicl 



ker 



)ro\\n. 



1' p 2 



.1 



2.92 



FALCOX. 



The blue Jay lias a great antipathy to tli.s bird. 
M. . IJ'Azara iiientions one found at Paraguay, which is most 
probably this, if not, a Variety of our Merlin. 




I' 111 



I % 





239.— AI3BOTIAN FALCON. 

LENGTH 12^ in. breadth 25^; bill black; space ronnd the 
e>e vellow ; back and wings brown, not much varied ; tlie heatl 
finely streaked m ith l»rown ; over the eye a slender streak of white : 
rjiin white ; vnuler parts of the body white, blotched with ferrugi- 
no\)s brown ; under wing coverts brown, marked with pale round 
spots; quills, and larger whig coverts beneath, dusky, with oblong 
])ale spots, like liars, on the inner webs; plumage bluish; tail 
lirown, about one-third from the end deeper in colour, w itli three 
series of jiale, or nearly white, spots on each teather, the tips 
white ; legs rather short and yellow. 

Inhabits various places about Savannah, in Georgia, and has 
the manners of the Little Falcon ; is said to be rare, and is probably 
a distinct species, being considered as such by Mr. Abbot, who scut 
a drawing of the bird. 



241 .-CAYENNE SPARROW-HAWK . 

Accipiter cayeimensis, Daud. ii. p. 81. Maudnit. Enc. Method. 

We are informed l>y M. 3Iauduit, that he met with two Sparrow - 
Jlaw ks at Cayenne, which appeared as varieties of the common one, 



'U ^> 



; ii' 



I I 



i< ' 



FALCON. 



2i)3 



in size and general appearance, differing only in the disproportion of 
the markings; in one pale brown ; the tail cinereous, with I'oiir 
brown bands; throat and neck before whitish, longitudinally strejiked 
with rufous ; and under the tail marked with rufous spots. 

The other deeper bro^^ n ; tail the same ; throat and neck befoie 
marked with brown lines on a white ground ; belly Ijarred with 
brown, but the bars neither so l)road nor close as in tlie other, more 
of the white being visible ; thighs white, striped across with pale 
rufous ; under tail coverts white ; in both some whitish spots on the 
nape, as in the European one. 



242.— GREATER CAYENNE SPARROW-HAWK. 

Accipiter Cayenneusis major, Dautl 11. 82. Maudiiit Enc.Meth. 085. col. 2. 



]M. .MAUDUIT de^ dbes two otliers from Cayenne, wliich 
although hirger by one-thn.l appear to him to bear n** small attiuity 
to the connnon species, yet, in r«idit\ thstiuct; the on< brown above, 
the edges of the feathers pale rufous ; beneath v hite, marked with 
rufous brown i)arallel streaks, in the direction of the feathers ; the 
other deeper brown, edged with rufous; throat wliii,, the frathers 
streaked witli brown down the sliafts ; side*; -f the neck the same • 
middle of it, breast, belly, and vent, white, nuirked on the sides 
with oblong brown spots ; and the thighs tiimsv* isely barred with 
the same ; the tail in both deeper or j)aler bro\\ n, barred with a 
darker colour ; perhaps the difference of the >i/.e may be owing to 
that of the sex . 



294 



FALCOX. 



1 I' 



213.^GIIANA FALCON. 

Falco superciliosus, Iml. Ont. i. 45. Lin. i. 1"2S. Gm. Lin. i. 28. Duud. ii. 1'23. 

5Aan-'jt /oo/. vii. 101. 
tjuiuiiii Falcon, (,'eii. Si/n. [, p. 10*2. No. S7. 

SIZE of a 3Iam>i«^ IJill ]>lac'k ; oere and eyelids yellow • lore 
fliinly beset with blaek bristles; eyebrows prominent, naked beneath ; 
plumage above brown, barred on the rnnip with white and black ; 
beneath white ; the belly nndnlated with fine transverse black lines ; 
vent white, with black lines; prime qnills ferrnghious, with many 
bands of black ; secondaries whitish on the posterior margin; tail 
bhiclv, ciossed with two jialer broad bands, tip cinereons; lei»s yellow; 
claus black. 

Inhabits Snrinain. T have received one similar, l)nt vnialler. 
from Cayenne, which I snjjpose to be the male — it greatly resembled 
the male Sparrow-ria\\k, being innch of the same make and 
pioportion. 



244.— PIED SP \HH()W-HAWK. 



L'Eperviir iioir \ lilanc, >'"//• '/V/raroiii. No. 28. 



Tins is in si/e and make like the Sparrow-Hawk. IJill black: 
t ere blnisli ; irides cinnamon-colonr ; throat, forepart of the neck, 
all the nnder parts of the body, antl whig coverts wliite, but the 



,1 I 



i: ■ 1: 't« .1 



FALCON. 



'2i)''i 



feathers of tlie last liave a iew roiuul spots ; at the nape a kind oi 
liali* cellar, mixed brown and vvliite, passing- to the eye beneath ; the 
rest of the phuna£»e black, though the loot of eaeli feather is white; 
<|uills varied witJi white on the outer webs ; tail crossed with tWur 
iiarrow white ])ands, and a white tip , legs y« How. 

Inhabits Paragnay. AVhether this is distinct, or a mere variety 
of the Sparrow-] la' vk, does not seem certain. 



t I; 



■(I 



24.5.~ACCIPITRINE FALCON. 

Falco accipitrinus, Daud. ii. p. 87. Enci/c. Met/i. p. CS7. col. '2, 

SIZE of a Merlin; bill whiti.Oi, with a black tip; general 
colour of the jdumage dusky brown; cheeks, .sides of the ne<;k, 
and luider parts of the body greyish white, marked with transverse 
lirown bands; tail brown above, whitish beneath; the intermediate 
feathers banded with black ; legs long, slender, pale yellow. 

Inhabits Cayeime, but said to be rare. 



'•'! 
« 



246.— TINY FALCON. 



Fiiiro tinus, Lid. Orn. i. .'iO. Dand. ii. 140. 
Tiny Fiilcon, Crii. Si/ti. Sap. j). 3!). 



LENGTH to rump six inches; bill dusky; plumage abov 
cinereous bro^ii ; crown dusky white ; under parts of the body the 
same, barred >\ ith <lusky ; legs yellow. 



e 
e 



If Ml 



ri 



II- * 



■' m 



j;:|l 



mM 



296 



FALCON. 



One of thsse was brought from Cayenne. The tail was wanting, 
but in respect to the size of the body differs very little from the 
following. 



237.— PYGMY FALCON 



* 




SIZE of the Cinereous Shrike ; bill blad ., with a very con- 
.s]>icuous notch ; general colour of the plumage blackish above, and 
\\ hite beneath ; thighs black ; over the eye a .streak of white ; quills 
bhu^k, on the inner webs six oval bars ; the rest beneath white, 
barred with black ; tail black, even at the end, with five or six 
white spots on the inner webs of the feathers ; legs dusky black. 

A specimen of tliis was exhibited May, 1812, for .sale at Mr. 
Cluistie's Room, Pall-JMall, without any account from whence it was 
brought. 



■i ■ !■! 



!l 1; 



OWL. 



297 



I?, J' I 



.pi^'.i'f 'I 



: I : il 

■'' il 



GENUS IV.— OWL. 



|! !l 



d 

Is 

e, 

IX 

r. 
as 



* JVilh Eared Heads. 


24 White-fronted E. 

25 Siberian E. 


51 Spotted Indian 


1 ( Jieat eared 


52 Bay 


A Atlienian 


20 Powdered E. 


53 Selo-Puto 


B Smooth-legged 


*♦ JVith smooth Heads. 


54 Rufescent 


C Magellanic 


27 Snowy 


55 Chestnut-winged 


O African 


28 \\'apacutim 


50 Barn white 


2 Scandinavian E. 


29 Grilliaii 


57 Javan 


3 Virginian E. 


30 Ermine 


bH Cayenne 


A White 


31 I'alconine 


59 Mouse 


4 Striped-eared 


32 Wlnte-faced 


00 Striated 


5 Donble-cared 


33 New-riolland 


01 China 


6 HutuinE. 


34 Variegated 


02 Undulated 


A V.iriety 


35 Fasciat'u 


03 Large-eyed 


7 (\ylonese E. 


30 .•■.•perjilons 


04 Mountain 


8 Chinese E. 


37 Cinereotis 


05 Georgian 


9 C'oromandel E. 


38 Barred 


00 Boobook 


10 Long-eared 


A Variety 


07 Ominous 


A Italian 


39 Si)eetacle 


08 Mexican 


li M'hite-collared 


A Variety 


09 New Spain 


C Yaickan 


B Masked 


70 Coquimbo 


11 American E. 


40 Downy 


71 New Zealand 


A Mexican 


41 Tawny 


72 Pearl 


1-2 Red E. 


A Aluco 


73 Tengmalm's 


13 Short-eared 


42 Austrian 


74 Dwarf 


14 Caspian E. 


43 Austrian white 


75 Acadian 


1-) Marsh E. 


44 Austrian rufous 


70 Little 


1() Peregrine E. 


45 Austrian ferruginous 


77 Streaked 


17 Brazilian E. 


40 Solognese 


78 Bare-legged 


18 Mottled E, 


47 Kestril 


79 Booted 


19 Indian E. 


48 Saint Domingo 


80 Cabure 


20 Lcmpi-ji E. 


49 Canada 


81 Sparrow 


21 Oriental E. 


A Hawk 


82 Knocking 


•22 Ketupu E. 


B Ural 


83 Rufous 


23 S- ops E. 


50 Indian 




Carniolic 


A Variety 




VOL. I. 


Qq 





:\imi 



liOfi 



OWL. 



Ui' 



I iUZ hill in this genus is (.rooked as in the last, but verj rartly 
l"urni«*hetl with a cere. 

Nostrils oblong, covered with bristly feathers. 

Head larue ; the usual opening of the ears very spacious. 

Eyes large ; tongue bifid. 

Toes placed three before and one behind, the outer one capable 
of being occasionally turned backwards. 

The external edge of one, or more, of the greater quills serruted 
in most of the species. 

The Owl is a no(,'turnal bird ; the greater part of them prey by 
niglit, or rather twilight, at which time many of the genus appear to 
ilistinguish objects best, for having by no means the faculty of 
perfect vision by day, it may be doubted whether they can see 
I tetter when the night is very dark, and it is more probable that it is 
• inly tor an hour in the evening and the ino •" ' g that they see clearly, 
tNLcept by moonlight, for in such tin . »ole nights they may le 
observed to hunt after prey without ceasing. Tlie want of sight is 
ill some meas\u"e compensated by their aickness of hearing, which 
their ample ears sufticientlv testifv. 

Some few of them, however, not only see well by day light, 
hut take their prey at that time, l)ut whether such have the faculty of 
>eeing by twilight is not mentione«l. 

It is observed, that in general, Falcons and Owls, and we 
believe, Vultures, bring up the indigestible part of their food, such 
as hairs, feathers, and the like, at intervals, in the shape of large 
roiuul pellets or balls, which are to be found every where in tlie 
neighbourhood of their haunts. 

We must, in thispl.ice, confess our suspicions, that more species 
are here recorded than really exist ; but such as are mentioned by 



■r^i- |i 



0>VI., 



209 



authors of respectability could not be otiierw ise tlian noticed, i)ot- 
withstandinff the reader mav hesitate concenrnu: their certaintv. 
Be this as it may, we think it nuich better fur the descriptions, 
unsatisfactory and imperfect as they are iu many instances, to stand 
as they do, till the identity of such specimens nii.v be li ^ter 
ascertained. 

The same circumstance will be observed in regard to the birds 
belonging to several other genera, for which the same apology must 
hohi good. We have taken every pains possible to elucidate the 
subject, as repeated instances will shew ; the rest must be left to tlie 
more successfid Ornithologist. 

We have divided the genus of Owl into two sections, ^iz. — 
Tliose which have two tufts of feathers, larger than the rest, on the 
top of the head; usually, though improperly, called ears— The 
other, in which the h'^adis destitute of them, being perfectlv smooth. 



I hi: 



'' h ? 



t 4'' 



ga 



ri\ 



I 



l.I,;- 3;, 



a()o 



OUL. 



* WITH EARED HEADS. 



1. -GREAT EARED OWL 

Stiix Biiho, Ind. Oin. i. p. 51. Lin, i. I:jl. I'n. Siifc. No. 09. (Jin. Lin. 1. [i. 280, 

Scop. Ann. i. No. 7. liaii, p. '24. JVi/l. p. (i:j. t. 12. firj*. i. 477. /»/. 8vo. l.'}{». 

Mullcr, p. 10. Kram.cl. 32:J. Crurgi. Ui4. J'n. Arair. ^). 70. Borowsk. j\at. 

ii. p, 67, t. 3 />fr. /eMM. ii. 142. Mus. Lie. No. 3. tub. 5. Vaud. il, 208. 

Bfchst. Dfutsc/i. ii. 3.33. .SViaif's Zool. vii, 211, t, 28. Temm. Man. Orn. p. -fj. 

Id. t(l. 2d. p. 101. 
Ulula, Klein. Ac. p. 53. 1. Id. Or. p. 20, t.7, f. 1. r/m/i, t. 93. 
I>uljo maxinuis, Uerin.'x. t. 81. Jf'/fJ. To!,'. t.50. 
Dor Scliuliu, A'h<»;/. 8. s. 50. 27. 

l.c -raiul Due, liuf. i. 332. pi. 22. pi. cnl. 435. liohtrl. ic. pi. 18. 
(info, Zinnan. I'ur. 90, t. 10. f. S3. 
Great Eared Owl. (.'en. Si/n. i. p. 110. /./. Sup. p. 40. /(/. Snp. 2. p. 55. Br. Zoo/. 

i. pl.29. Id./ol. pl.a. /(/. ct/. 1812, 2.54, pi. 30. Am. Zuul. h. M4. Alb. Vn. 

pi. 0. Will. Engl. p. \)Q, pi. 12. Bewick, i. p. 45. Liwin's Birds, i. pi. 23. 

Hood's Zoogr. i. 408. Orn. Diet, ^y Supp, 



IN size tliis bird is almost equal to an eagle. Trides bright 
yellow ; head and body finely varied with lines, spots, antl s|»e<,ks, 
of black l)rown, cinereous, and ferruginous ; wings long : tail short, 
marked with dusky bars ; legs thick, covered to the end of the toes 
with a close and udl down, of a testaceous colour ; claw s great, 
much hooked, and dusky. The tuft of feathers, or, as they are 
railed, ears, over each eye, form a conspicuous character ; they are 
formed by a range of several feathers longer than the rest, near the 
circumference of the aperture of the ears, but are not visible at all 
times, as in the Long-Eared Owl, being raised or depressed by the 
bird at pleasure, j)rincipally when (juiet and undisturbeil, and are by 
.10 means distinguishable from the rest at any other time. 



OWL. 



tm 



Tliis noble species is not uncommon in various parts of Europe, 
chiefly on the Continent, but has seAeral times been met with in 
this kingdom, certainly in Scotland, as well as in Yorkshire, Sussex? 
and Kent ; other places have Jjeen mentitjned to me, tliouuh not so 
well ascertained, nor have we learned whether it has yet bred here ; 
said to be not uncommon in the Orknies;* it, for the most part, 
inhabits ruined edifices, monntainous and cavernous places, or in- 
accessible rocks ; rarely seen on plains, or on trees ; preys chiefly on 
leverets, rabbits, moles, rats, and mice, sometimes on reptiles; swal- 
lowing the larger, by morsels, with the bones, and hair; the lesser ones 
whole ; and, after digesting the nutritious parts, emits the indiges- 
tible ones, in the shape of round pellets, which are often found in 
(juantity near its haunts. This circumstance we believe to be com- 
mon to all the genus. Is supposed to see better in the day than any 
other owl, as it is frequently oI)served preying on its game in lull 
day-light. Aldrovandus says, it provides so plentifully for its young, 
that a person living near the nest of one of them, may be supplied 
with some dainties, and yet leave enough, to satisfy the young birds. 

It is found in France, but less common there than in other 
places on the Continent, nor is it certain that it stays there through 
the year. The female lays two eggs, which are about the size of those 
of an hen, and white. Is found on the north summit of the rock of 
Gibraltar, but we are not told whether it is there a constant inha- 
bitant ; met with also in Ciermany, and indeed varions places on 
the old Continent, extending even to the Arctic regions ; is comm<Mi 
also at Kamtschatka, likewise at Astrachan to the south ; and men- 
tioned, among others, as frequenting Aleppo. jVI. Levaillant met 
with it in Africa ; and, as we shall see below, it seems to be a spe- 
cies nniversally spread over both the old and new Continent, if ^e 
take in all varieties. 



* Aeilts Tour in Orkney, ly'j. Hist. Orkney, 312. CuHfd Stock-Owl and Kat-l'-l. 
According to Ilorrtbow, there are no owls in Iceland. 



ii' i: ■ 





M^} 



OWL. 



We do not find timt the Owl jias lieen so tar domesticated as to 
Im' used in li»lroniy, hiit serves, e(|ually well as others of the trilx;, tor 
a stale, by which fowlers entice small hirds into a net. 

Aniontf the drawings of Sir John Anstrnther is an Owl, with 
every appearance of the Enropean one, bat seems mor«! mottled with 
nifonsand hiaek. The hill black ; the two onter tail feathers not 
rlouiled. but plain rnlVnis, crosstd with three or four bars of black ; 
Jhe bill black ; the ears seem shorter and more streaked with black, 
and the feathers of the neck all round have a streak of black down 
the middle; the under parts of the body much the same as the 
upper. 

Inhabits Ikngal. 

The Owl was accounted a bird of ill omen by the Ep:yptians 
and Romans, an<l is held to this day in superstitions fear by the 
American savages. JJy the Athenians esteemed sacred, and, from 
iN uravity, emblematic of wisdom, was detlicated to the goddess 
Minerva. Particular veneration was obser>'ed to l>e paid to it in 
Oneeheow*, as also by the natives of the west side of New-Holland, 
'I'he Owl is called, at the Frien<lly Isles, Looloo. f 

A.— Hiibo AtliiMii-'iisis, /.in. Sysl. i. 131. /3. Gm. Lin. i. 2S0. 
IJuho ltiilic\i.i, Urii.'\. 4S-2. A. LI.Hvo. 140. Boiowik. \i. p. 77. 

•■ s'- vul^iiris, Cerhi. i. t. S'2, 8:1? 

— — sfcniulns, Will. p. WJ. 

Black-winded Horu-0»l, Albin.'xW, pl.G. 

Athenian Horn-Owl, Oh. Sijii. i. i). US. ICJw. [A. 227. Shaw's Zool. vii. pi. 2!). 

This is describe<l as darker in colour throuifhout, especially the 
Willi's ; the legs are .shorter, and less strong ; claws large and 
sharp. 

Mv. Edwards says, that the face is whitish grey, and the colour 
tif the whole binl brown, variegated with black ; height, as it .sits on 
I 1m.' perch, 17incije<. 

• I'ookN last Voy. ii. 21'.>. 
f Id. append. 



i 



w 



OWL. 



3m 



^A 



B — Biiho peilibu* nudis, J3ri». 1. 483. b. /d. 8vo, 141. .S/iaw'i Zoy/. vii. 214. 
Bubo tertiu8, JVill. p. 04. Id. Engl. p. 100. 
Siiio«)ili-U'gged Owl, GVh. .Si/n. i. 118. 

This differs only in having the legs bare of feathers, and both 
legs and feet weaker than the last. — Inhabits Italy. 



n 



C— Jiuurutii, Murc^. Bran. p. 10!>. Buf. i. 338. 
I.e Nacurutu, I'oi/. d'Azara iii. No. 42. 
lliboii iks tfrres uiii:;L'lItiiii({iu'!i, pi. ml. 385. 
Mttgtllunio tared Owl, Cen. Sytt. i. p. 118. Shaw's Zool. vii. 215. 

Marcgrave describes this bird as being the size of a goo.se, with 
a head like a cat; a black, crooked bill, the eyes shining like chrystal, 
with a yellow circle ; near the holes of the ears, pointed feathers, tAvo 
fnigers long, whicli can be lifted np to appear like ears ; tail broad, 
the wings not reaching to the end of it ; legs downy to the feet ; 
colonr of the pi ninage variegated with yellow, blackish, and white. 

The Nacnrutu is said to have two young, which, as soon as they 
have once moulted, have the adult plumage ; the young are easily 
tamed ; both sexes are much alike ; are often domesticated, lint are 
apt to destroy the poultry, if not full fed ; said to build on trees with 
twigs, and generally at a great height ; has three s(»rts of cries, the 
one like a whistle, another .sharp and piercing ; besides which, it 
utters notes similar to the name it is called by, Nacurutu. 

D.— Grand Due d'Afiique I,*i'ai7. pl.40. Daud. ii. p. 209. 

This is .smaller than the tirst-named, and has a greater mixture 
of black in the plumage. Levaillant found it near the Elephant 
River, at the Cape of Good Hope. 

An Owl of a very large species is said to have been .sliot in the 
passage of Taranta, in the Red Sea, near the African coast, July 2(>.* 

• Valent. Voy. ii. 466. 



if\m 



Ml 



II ! 



ii:j.::j'' 



|(!! ;!' 



!H 



i 



1 i. 



5 ( 



'"i !: 




ill i. ' i 


ii,i[i 


^|:'; 








304 



OWL. 



2- SCANDINAVIAN EARED OWL. 

Strlx Soamliac.i, Ind. Orn. i. p. 53. Lin, i. 133. in. S'Mec. No. 70 Cm. Lih. 1. 

287. Amccn. Ac. vii. 479. §. xvi, 2. Dand. ii. 210, Shaw's Zool vii. 214. 
Bubo Lappoiiicis, Bris. i. 486. No. 3. Jd. 8io. 142. 
Siandiiiavlaii Eared 0"1, Ccn. Si/n.'i. 120, Arct. ZooLn. 237. ..•/. 

THIS is said to be the size of a turkey ; tlie body white, 
sprinkled witli blark spots ; in all respects like the Snowy Owl, 
except in having an eared head. 

Inhabits the mountains of Lapland, and is probaby a variety 
of the great eared species. Linnaeus first described it from a paint- 
ing of Rudbeck; and we also find it recorded a. one of the rare 
birds of Norway, by M. Tenninc:, of Drontheim, where the Snowy 
Owl is likev ise found. 



3— VIRGINIAN EARED OWL. 

Strix Virginiana, Ind. Orn, \. p. 52. fim. Lin. i. 2S7. Bris. \, 484. Id.8\o. 141. 

Cerin. i. t. 84. Baud. ii. 210. Shaw's Zool. vii. t. 30. 
K;i'^\i- Owl, Arc:. Zool. \\. 228. 

MoiiL-aOwl, Ell. //«(/«, B«y, p. 40. pi. 2. Bartr. Trav. 285. 
Huh') I'inii.ola, Virill. Am. i. p. 51. pi. 10. 
V i; jriiiiaii uarcd Gwl, Gen. Syn. i. 111). F.dw. pi. GO, 

RATIIEiR smaller than the jtluropean Eagle Owl; length 
about 20 inches; the ef^.r-like feathers are large, and arise just at 
the base ot the bill, which is black ; irides gold-colour ; plumage on 



OWL. 



305 



H 






^1 



the upper parts broun, variegated \\ ith slender, nifoiis, and cinereous 
lines; beneath pale ash-colovuv, transversely striped with brown ; 
throat white ; lower part of the neck and sides of the breast, orange 
brown, spotted with darker brown ; the middle part of the breast, 
the belly, and other parts beneath, pale ash-eolom", striated with 
brown ; quills and tail banded with the same ; legs and half the 
toes covered witli cinereous feathers. 

Inhabits Virginia and various other parts of North and Soutli 
America ; is not unfrequent at Hudson's IJay, in the woods, build- 
ing in March, a nest coni[)osedof a few sticks laid across, and f<n' the 
most part placed on the pine trees ; lays two or thrive, rarely four, 
white eiiU's, and the voung flv in June ; is called bv the natives 
Natowokey Omissew ; sometimes nuikes the nest in a hollow tree, 

]Mr. Abbot informs me, that it is not uncommon in Georgia ; is 
nearly two feet long, and fifty inches in extent of w ing ; on each side 
of the breast a bunch ' f loose feathers, covering the sides of it, and 
under the \> ings, which can be made to meet over the belly ; the 
feathers of the breast also long and loose, and the outer web of the 
exterior quill feather serrated on the edge. It is observed to be fond 
of poultry, insomuch that it will often get into a hen house, if a 
Mumll door or window be left open. 

^tVe learn that the Owl was held as a i emblem of wisdom by the 
ancients, and Bartram* informs us, that the junior priests or students 
among the Creek Indians, carrj' about them a stulfed l>ird of this 
species, sometimes wearing it as a crest upon the liead, or borne on 
the arm or hand; these bachelors being naturally of a taciturn, grave, 
and solemn disposition, or attecting to be so, suppose that the 
bearing such a symbol adds to their ciuisequence, 



VOI„ 1, 



• Trav. p. 502. 

Rr 



I u 





A. — Strix maximu8, capitcaurito, corpdeniveo ; Great Horned WliiteOwl, Bartram's 

Trfli'. p.285. 

According to Mr. Bartram, this bird is found iu Pennsylvania, 
arriving there from tlie North in autnum, wliere it continues (hnini^ 
tlie winter, returning again the spring following to breed. This iv 
probably a white variety of the Virginian species, and it is said aKo, 
that in the European Arctic Regions it very often inclines to white.* 



Pi 



i:^ 



i! ; 



:if-l 



4.— STRIPED-EARED OWL. 

LENGTH 16 in. Bill stout, yellow ; face sniooth, without any 
appearance of circles; forehead white; behind each e\e, rather 
above the level of it, a long eared tuft of ieathers, five or six in 
nundjer, of unequal lengths, the huigest nearly three inches, each 
tawny brown on one web, and Avhite on the other, giving a stri}>ed 
appearance ; general colour of the idunjjjge above, «piills, and tail 
rufous brown, with minute black specks ; ])eneath pale rufou'<, 
minutely speckhnl with brown ; on the wing coverts a few solitary 
spots of white, the size of pease. The fust quill shorter by two 
inches than the adjoining one ; the third the longest, the outer edges 
of them rough, but not to be calle<l serrated; tail even at the end, 
and the wings reach to about three-fourths of the length ; legs 
covered to the toes. 

In the possession of Mr. Latham, of Comi)tou Street. Tt*< 
native place said to be South America. One is also iu the collection 
of Mr. Bullock. 

* Pallas List. MS. 



1^4 



mi 



li'fi'-'iffr 



Mil 



11^ 

i 


1 


1 


( 
! ; 

i 

■I I 

i 1 

■1 l| 


1^ 
1 


"'■'h, 



li ; " 







m 



I 




'///,/, 



// /// 



(' . ^ 



// 



/. 



l.:i^ i 



ilN 



OWL. 



307 



I • 



I Mi 



5— DOUBLE-EARED OWL. 



DouLIc-Earca Owl, Peini, J'icw of Uindoosl.U. p. 30. 

jMU. pennant mentions an Owl, found about Pondicherry, 
which he says, is a large species, and new — and may be called the 
J)ouble-Eared, having two pairs of long tufts of feathers. The 
w ings and back grey, spotted ; breast pale grey. 



6.— HUTUM EARED OWL.~Pl. XIII. 



LENGTH 19 in. Bill two inches, very strong, hooked, and 
yellow ish green ; space round the bill and eyes covered with erect 
bristly feathers, but not composing a circle of face feathers, as in 
many Owls ; at the back of the head, on each side, five or .six 
feathers, two inches long, forming a kind of ear ; chin Avhitish ; 
general colour of the plumage reddish brown ; the feathers on the 
up[)er parts dark on the edges, and streaked with the same down tht^ 
shafts, and in some birds very obscure dirty white spots ; fore part of 
tlie iieck, and beneath the body paler than above, marked with 
brownish bars on each feather, and streaked down the shafts, 
growing liuhter-coloined, and less distinct towards the vent, which 
is nearly white ; thighs the same ; quills white at the base, beyond 
it barred dusky and dirty white, inclining to brown towards the 
ends, which are white ; tail romuled, eight inches long, barred like 
the wings, but more brown ; the wings, when closed, reach beyond 

11 r2 



308 



OWL. 



, I 



the end of it ; legs and feet bare of featliers, being covered only 
with naked uarts, of a pale brown ; claws blackish. 

Tills is found about Calcutta throughout the year, and makes 
a tremendous noise, from thence called liutum, or dreadfid : always 
found in pairs; builds in large trees, near villages, preying on rats, 
birds, frogs, &c. In Hindustan Proper is called Gugu, and by the 
Bengalese, Ilutmn Pecha. — Dr. Buchanan. 

In Gen. Ilardwicke's drawings is one 22 in. long, and the colour 
ilarker than in the above described, the upper part of the plumage 
plain ; this is said to be a male, and had the irides of a deep yellow, 
inclining to orange. 



A. — Size uncertain. General colour of the head, and upper 
parts deep chocolate brown, the featliers margined with darker ; 
under parts pale brownish buff, each waved across with six or seven 
dusky, obsolete lines, and a blackish dash down the shafts ; t;iil very 
short, Inown, crossed with five or six whitish bars; quills the same, 
but the bars form oblique circles round the face, in two or three series of 
feathers, with darker ends ; horns .short in proportion, pointing 
backwards, almost at the nape ; bill dusky, surroundetl with hairs, 
pointing forwards ; legs pale ; irides yellow ; the wings, w hen closet!, 
are even with the end of the tail. 

Inhabits Bengal ; probably related to, if not the same as the 
last. 



I 



OWL. 



309 



7.~-CEYL0NESE EARED OWL. 

Strix Ceylonensis, Iiul. Orn. i. \).'r2. Gm, Lin. \, 287. Daml.W. p. 211. S/iaw\- 

Zoo/, vii. 218. 
Ceyloiifse Horned Owl, Gen. Si/ii,\. 120. Iil.Siip.[^.4\. Bruwn. III. p. 8. pi. 4. 

LEXGT[I 'il in ; weight 2lbs. 9;|oz. The bill i.s horn-cohjured; 
iritles yellow; plumage above pale retUli.sh brown, beneath yellowish 
white, each feather marked with four or fi>e dusky bars, and 
streaked with black down the .-shafts; circles round the face pale 
reddish brown, streaked with black ; ears short, and pointed ; j)rime 
<piills and tail barred with black, white, and j»ale red ; legs naked 
to the knees. 

Inhabits Ceylon, and is there called Raia Allia; is probably 
found in Sumatra, as Mr. 3Iar.sden observes, that several Owls are 
seen there, particularly the Great Horned one, by which he most 
probably meant this species.* In some fine drawings, sent from the 
Province of Oude, to Lord 3Iountnorris, is one of these, named 
Wooloe.f This seems allied to the ITutum Eared Owl. 



8.— CHINESE EARED OWL. 



Strix Sinensis, Tnd. Orn. i. p. 53. Daud. ii. 209. Shatv's Zool. vii, p. 219. 
Hibou de la Ciiine, Sou. Voy. Lid. ii. 185. 
Chinese Eared Owl, Gen, Si/n. Sup. p. 44. 

SIZE of the Long-Eared-Owl; length about 15 inches. Bill 
black ; top of the head, hind part of the neck, back, wing coverts, 



* Hist. Sumatr, p. 98. 
doubt from its cry. 



t The Indian Eared Owl called Woollock, both names no 



' 1 i 



iiM 



! I 



't 



mo 



OWL. 



and tail, rufous Jn'owii, >vi(h fiue luululuted black lines; greater 
(juills the same; on the secondaries four transverse, pale rufous 
bands, and the outer nebs of the jninie ones spotted with rufous 
Mliite. The forehead white; fore part of the liead pale rufous; on 
each feather of the throat a dash of black down the shaft, broailer 
at the end ; breast, belly, and thighs, of a deeper rufous, marked in 
tlie same manner down the shaft, and crossed by bands of white ; 
legs ]>lack. 

Inhabits China. 



.H !!l 



n m 



9— C OROMANDEL EARED OWL. 

Strix coromanda, Ttiil. Oni,\. p. 95. DuikJ. Orn, \\, 215. Shau'\^ Zool. y'u. '220. 
Hibou df Coroniaiidfl, Sou. Voy. Iiid. ii. 180. 
Coiuiiiaiidtl wired Owl, Ceii. Hi/n. Sup, p. 44. 

THIS is one-third less than the last. Bill black ; irides yellow : 
cheeks white; head and upper parts rufous grey, spotted with rufous 
white; second quills the same, crossed with I'ufous white bands, one 
of which is at the end ; ])rinie cpiills darker, spotted on the outer 
web like the others; the tail is also similar, crossed with three bands; 
the luuler parts of the ])ody reddish, transversely marked with 
curved bands of Idack ; legs reddish, and feathere<l to the claws. 

Inhabits the coast of Coromandel ; whether this or the last has 
the eared feathers, is not said, but the name Hibou being applied, it 
should seem to belong to the eared species. In some drawings at Sir 
Joseph Banks's, I met with one corresponding exactly as to colour 
and the length of the drawing was 20 in. ; this had vast ears, standing 
upright over the forehead. 



'T'T 



OWL. 



311 



10— LONG-EAIIED OW L. 



Strix otus, IiuLOrn.\. |). o:}. Li».Syst.\, 1:}'2. J'li. Sure. Nu.TI. (,iiirl. I.ui. i, 

288. Scop. Ann. \. "So.n. /fu«;. p. 25. A '_>. »(7/. p. 04. t. 12. /fnoi. Nc K;. 

jVm//. p. 10. A'c<ii"' /■,'}22. Faun. Arair. \}.7l. Ilassel, I'm/. I'.iii;!. l!Hi, lioroufk. 

ii. p. 78. DfcoKi. liiiss. ii. 142. iJ«M(/. ii. 212. Ihrhst. Dcutsch. ii. p. :j40. 

.S'AnnVv Z.»o/. vii. 221. Tcmw. .l/«w. d'Orn. p. lo. /</. i:./. 2. ]). 102. 
Anio, lhi>.\. 4Ni, /(/. 8v(«. 142. Klein, .tv. |). 05. Ocriii. \. t. 85. Schfrf. El. Orn. 

t. 22. 
Xoctua minor ii\iritii, Srop>, Frisch. t.99. 
Horn oiliT Olniiili', (iitnlh. jNV.s<, m. £y. t. 40. 
Klfiiie HoriKiile, yaliirf. S. Ii?. 2S, 
llihoii on ."Nlovfii Uu.-, /i»/. i. y42. PI. Fnl. -20} Hist. Prov. i. ^HS. I.evnil. Ois. 

i. )>. l(!(i. 
Lrin-r.fiiicil, or Ilornrd Owl, f.Vji. .S'//h. i. 121. Id. Sup. p. 42. Br. Zool. \. pi. .'JO. 

/(/. /o/. t. B.4. f. 1. Id. Ed. 1812. i. P.25S, pi. 31. Arct.Zoul. Ii. No. 115. Alh. 

pi. 10. UUI. Enal. p. 100. pi. 12. Bewick; i. pi. p. Ki. /.r,f/», i. pi. 24. /(,'. 

Egtrs. pi. iv. f. 1. >r«/<-. .S'//H. i. pi. 24. Orn. Diet. Amir. Orii. vi. i)|.51. 1'. ."J. 



THIS seems to be a copy iu luiniiitiire of the Greiit Eiiied Owl. 
The female is \4h inches long-, breadth -ift. 4in. and weigh »; nine or 
ten ounces. The bill is black ; iriiles yel!(»w ; the featlieis round 
the bill white, with black shafts; those surrounding tlic face ar< 
white forward, and rufous on tlie bat.'k i)art, and these two colours 
are separated by a dark streak ; the eared tufts consist of six feathers 
of unequal lengths; the hiiubnost 1^ inches long, black, bonitied 
with dull yellow, the foremost much shorter ; the plumage on the 
upper parts of the bird bro\\n, rufous, and whitish mixed ; beneath 
rufousattheba.se, and whitish at the tip, longitudinally, and trans- 
verselv streaked with black brown ; tail cros.sed with <liiskv and 
reddish bars; beneath it ash-colour; legs feathered to the toes; 
•'laws black. 

In a male, sent to me some years since by ]Mr. Hoys, in 
December, I found the length to be 12^in. breadth i34in. Aveight 
H^oz. ; the horns in this specimen consisted of nine fe*thers each. 



n ! 



I 



li ! 



l! 




Ul-2 



OWL. 



<»f \\lii<li tlie front one was the sliortest, aiul tlie tiftii the longest; 
whni they were in their phices, there appeared a hhick broad stripe, 
\\ilh the onter edue yeUow, the* inner erossed with two or three 
ohsenre bars ot' a darker shade. 

This is a bird known thronirhoiit I'urope, and not unfre(|nent 
both in France and r^nuhnid,bnt niorr; so in the northern parts ot'the 
latter. It is observed that thest; birds rarely eonipose a nest for theni- 
seUes, J)Ht ti»r the most ])art make nse of an old inaiipi(!'s or buzzard's 
nest, an<l lay four or five w hite egi;s ; the youn<;' lue at first white, 
bat eome to their colonr in about fifteen da\s. 

In (iermany it is sufliciently common, and we believe in no 
plaee migratory ; inhabits also Sweden, and both the north and 
south parts of the Kussian dominions, and east part of Siberia, even 
as tar south as Astrachan, and the hot climate of Egypt. I.evaillant 
met with it at the Cape of (ioctd Hope, and other parts of Africa, 
and we remember to have observed it in some drawings from China ; 
it is also seen in India. ]Mr. Ilutehins foinid it connnon at Hud- 
son's ]5ay ; and says, the weight of a male is eight oimces and a half, 
breadth 2Sin. and that it is rarely met with, except at a distance 
from the sea ; he observes, that it is very clamorous at night, but 
seldom seen in the day ; breetis in trees, laying four white eggs, and 
the young fly the end of May. It is know n there by the name of 



Anns 



kOl 



lO. 



A.— Asio Italicus, Bris.x. 401. A. LI. 8vo. 142. 
Asio, sive Otus, Ahlroi-. Ar. i. 519. t. in. 523, 
Itiiliaii Eart'd Owl, 6V«. Sijn, 1. 519. p. 12'2. 



This is said to be a trifle bigger than the last ; head ash-colour^ 
mixed with pale chestnut and black ; body ferruginous ash, irregu- 
larly spotted with brown ; coverts, and bend of wing white ; the 
tail reaches six inches beyond the wings when closed, and is marked 



I I 



OWL. 



3 Hi 



with zip;-zau: black lints; liill, iri«le.s, ami legs, as in the other, 
Inhabits Italy. 



I). — 1111)00 ii Cruvatf IjIuikIii', Daud.u. 213. 

This is like the Lon;;^-Eave<l Owl, exeeptin*; that it has a baud 
of white round the neck ; the vent feathers are also white. 



( ■ — Strix (l.iiiiinitii, Ind. Orn. i. p. 50. Pall. It. ii. 707. Gw. Lin. i. '290. Daud. li. 

21.3. Shuw\s Zool. vli. 2;JS. 
Vaicliuii Eurt.'d Owl, (,Vh. Syn. i. 12S. 

We learn very little more concernin*; this, than its being under 
the Seops as to size, and weighing less than a pound, but so like the 
fireat Eared Owl, that, excepting the plumage being less elegant 
and distinct, one description might serve. 

ft is said to be found both in the woody and mountainous parts, 
boidering on the Yaick, and Ural Mountain!?, in Siberia. 



11.— AMERICAN EARED OWL. 

Stnx Americana, Ind. Orn. i. p. .j4. Daud. ii. 214. Shaio's Zool. v ii. 228. 
Asio Ainencanus, Bris. i. 498. Id. 8vo. i. 145. Gm. Lin. i. 288. 
Bu!)o oci-o-ciiier. pcctoiv man.loso, Fenil. Jour, des Obs. p. 59. 
American Eared Owl, 6V;i. Si/n. i. 122. 



SIZE of the Long-Eared Owl. Bili luteous, irides gold-colour: 
round the eyes ash-colour; plumage on the head, and upper ]Kirts 



YOL. I. 






314 



OWL. 



of flit body cinereous — beneatli ferrnginoiis ; rump and vent wlii^'.-, 
sj>otfed witli l)liick; .juills and tail f"eiTii,i»inous, transversely barred 
rinereous and grey; legs yellow, claws l)laok. 
Inhabits South America. 



A.— Strix iiiCNicana, Ind. Orn. i. p. 54. (win. Liti. i. 288. Daiid. n. 214. S/ur.i-'s 

Zool. vii. '22S. 
A.«io mexicanus, Brut. i. 4(K). Id. 8vo. 14i>. 
TecolotI, Rait. p. KiO. 
Mexican Ean'<l Owl, (ieii. Si/ii. i. 1'23. 

The very concise description we find in Kay, from Feniaiidt/. 
will scarcely enable us to judge of the distinction between it and 
the foregoing. He briefly tells us, that it is a kind of Owl with tars. 
vaiiegated with black and brown, having the irides of a gold-colour, 
and that it is found at Mexico. 



12.— RED EARED OWL. 



Cm, Lin.\, 287. I'ltiin. firoer. No. 
Shaw's Zuvl. \u. 229. Vieill. Am. \. 



Strix Asio, Ind. Orn. i. y. 54. Lin. Si/,i/. i. 1:'I2 

J7. Si»dou\sk. lii. t. 4. M)aud, ii. 210. 

p. 53. pi. 21. 
S<ops Carolinifiijiis, Brh. i. 4f)7. Id. 8vo. liA. 
Le Nacurulu tacht'tt', f"oi/, li'Azaru, Vn. No. 4-J. 
Little Owl, or Streeili Owl, Cates. t'ar.'i, pi. 7. Barlr. Trnv. 285. 
Red Eared Owl, Gen. Syn. i. 123. .4rct. Zool. ii. No. 1J7. pi. 11. Amer. Oniith. v 

p. 83. pi. 42. f. I. fern. 




THIS species is from 8i in. to lOin. in length, and about 22in. 
in extent of wint;. Bill pale honi-colour ; irides ;.artron ; plumage 
on the upper part-i of the bcxly bright ferruginous red ; abt>ve the 



OWL. 



31) 



eyes two tnfts of featliers, nine or ten in nnniber, standing np as 
ears; edge of the bastard wing marked with wl'ite, and on the 
greater coverts five or six spots of white ; qnills l/arred ferrnginons 
and dusky; five or six of tlie onter ones barren', lialf way from the 
base, Mith l)rown and white, tlie rest of the length brown; tail barred 
ferrnginons and dnsky ; the circle of feathers snrronnding the eyes 
dnsky red, the inner half surronnde'I with white, and meeting over 
the nostrils; beneath, from the b.east, dusky white, tinged, more or 
less, ^rith rnfons, n'td a dash of deep brown down the sliafts ; legs 
covered to the toes with light browr. feathers; toes brown, claws 
black. 

The female is brown, with the n^arkings very indistinct, thongh 
not greatly ditt'erent from those of the male. 

Inhabits America, from New York to the Carolinas ; is called 
in (leorgia, and we believe also in other parts, the Screech Owl. Is 
also found in the south parts of Greenland, especially about Tun- 
nk'dliorbi<'k, and is probably the one known there by the name of 
Sintitock. 

13._SnORT-EARED OWL. 

Strlx l.nidijotos, r>id.Oni.\. ■,). j-j. i.m.Lin.i. 289. Ph. Trans. \\r.. i>..'iS4. /•'«(/». 

-Iriii;. p. 71. Duiid.\\. -lUt. Sfiuw'> Zool. \n. •2-23. Amir.Orn.A. m\.:U. (A. 

Ti'in. Man. il'Oni. p, -47. /</. '•</. 2. p. 99. 
SJrixuhila, Srpp.f'oti-.t. p.(»:]. Mate & Female'. Lin.i. 2:W ? Cm. Lin. \. 294.' 
A.-ctu;'. iiiajoi-, Bliss. \. 51 i, /(/, Svo. 149. Gtriii. t. 80. 87 } 
Strix :irctita, Miis. Carls. Fuse. iii. t. 51. 

t;iiouettL', oii f,'raii(le i.r. noclif, Bii/. i. 372. pi. 17. PI. enl. 4:jS. 
lJr.nviiO«l, (,','/(. Sy/i. i. UO. /</. .S'm/j. p. 47. Alb. \i\. pi. 7. 
Slioii-farod ()«l, ^..ii. \(/». 1. 124. /(/. .S'm/j. p.4;j. Jd.2. Sup. M. lir. Zonl. >. So. 

(KJ. pl..'{l. /,/. /•o/. p.VI. t. B.;j. 4cB.4. (-.2. /</./w/. 1812. 1.2(10. pl.;j2. Ani. 

Zoo/, ii. in>. /if«v<A i. |)l. p. 4>. &oO. Lenin, u pi. 25. MV//(on. pi. 25. 

Donor, pi. .15. Oni. IHr). ^y Sii]>. 

J.ENd'TIl to theenii of the tail, and to the toes. l.>in.; extent 
of wing 3ft. (iin. ; weight I'iiozs. Bill and claws black; before the 

S s 2 



^^-' 



316 



OWL. 



Ifiii 



m 



:iaiiiiinai;iijm" 





e\e<i, next the nose, white, beliind theui black ; on tlie Lack of tlie 
<-:ns, in the middle, a brou n spot ; irides yellow ; p'ound colour ol' 
the liead and neck li^lit yellow butt", loni;itudinally streaked with 
black, most beautifully behind, but on the liack the black brown 
is most predominant, and the yellow blotched and streaked ; wiiii;- 
i'overts much the same, but in (he middle the spots approach to 
white ; second quills barred buli-yellow and brown black, ir the 
middle of the buti" a spot of brown black; outer quills mucli the 
same, but the first eiyht without the spots in the buii"; under the 
wings A\ hitish ; five of the iinier bastard feathers tipped for nearly 
an inch with brown, formini;" a bar; one inch below this on the out- 
most feather, a transverse bar on the inner web; the others havi- 
three or lour bars of the same, and the ends also brown; tail feathers, 
us the outer ((uills, barred brown and buff; the two middle ones 
with a spot <ff brown in the l)uf}" and the one on each side the same, 
but the spots more faint and smaller, the others plain ; breast and 
belly yellow bufi", marked with lonti' streaks of brown; thighs and 
vent |)aler and ])lain ; legs feathere<l to the toes. 

The female chiefly differs in the colours being less bright. — 
Much has been .said concerning the ear tufts of this species, and 
jiiauv ha\e supposed them to consist only<»f a single feather each. 
.Mr. M hite, many years since, gave us some «'ause to hesitate on this 
head, as he observed to the contrary, both in this and th<' Scops, 
during his residence in Gibraltar, and Col. Montagu has fully «'on- 
firmed the circumstance, shewing that these tufts are composed of 
a series of feathers scarcely longer than the others, but which may \u- 
erected at the will of the bird ; imleed, as this gentleman observes, 
one of the feathers is visibly longer than the rest, but is by no means 
erected singlv, nor is it easy to find even this longer feather, after the 
death of the bird. 

This is a winter inhabitant in England, coming in October and 
retiring in Afarch, and the time of its stay being about the same as 
that of the ^^'oodcock, has occasioned its being called the Woodcock 



! I 



OWL. 



31: 



Owl; it is oftener found on tlie ground, among lone; grass, &c. than 
on trees, and when disturbed, will, after flying a little way, alight 



agani among the grass; in this situation is supposed to search 
after reptiles for food, as also mice, and in some places, which ha\ e 
been infested with the latter, the Owls liave collected in large troops, 
an«l attacked those dej)redators to their utter extirpation.* This 
species will also occasionally attack small birds, and has itself been 
taken in a net set for larks, and in the act of making a pounce at 
tlie decoy l)ird. We once found in the stDUiacli of one, three legs ot" 
tlnushes, besides a quantity of feathers. Those which we see Jicre, 
are supposed by some to breed in tlie Orknies, and more probably in 
Norway; said to make the nest on the ground ; is a very fierce bird ; 
one having been shot in Derbyshire in the wing, would not sptler 
itself to be taken up, as it darted at the jjerson with snrprising fury, 
and was obliged to be killed before it could be secured. 

Is called at Gibraltar the Heath Owl, as it is found in abundance 
in the commons and heaths about the Isthnuis there ; very numerous 
in the woods of Siberia, where it comes blindly to the night fnes, 
aiul assaults men, so as often to be knocked down with sticks. 

Inhal)its America; visits Hudson'.^ Bay in May; makes a nesl 
of dry grass on ihe ground; the eggs are white; departs southward 
in Sc[)tember; called there the Mouse Hawk and Hawk Owl, by the 
Natives, Th(»thosecausew. 

I once received a specimen from Hudson's Jjay, under the name 



* A remark of this kin.l is mnitioned l,y Dale—" In the vcnr loSO, at Ilallownti.l.- „. 
uru.y of HMce^., over run the u.arshe,. near South Minster, tliat they eat up the -nass to'th,- 
very roots; but at length u great number of strange painted Owls eau.e, and devoured all the 
miee. Iho like happened in Essex in \MS.— IMcIIurwH,.li,,,. p. ;jy7. Note '2. i\,\ 
Montagu mentions a similar instanee at Bridgewuter; in the neighbourhood of whieh. u.hv 
^^.■re ... such abundance, a few ye«,-s since, as to destroy a la.ge po.-tion of vegetation, au.l ir. 
the autun.n a great many of the Short-eared Owls .esorte.l to that part, in order to p,ev 
them.-On,. D,rt. .S^. Mr. Ueu .ck inf..rn,s us, that "iS have been found