(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Correspondance between Gen. Harney and Gov. Douglas [microform]"




^ 



IMAGE EVALUATION 
TEST TARGET (MT-3) 




// 




^/ 



^ >*. 




'ks 




i< 



'^ 



, ^ 
^^^.% 

^W 

V 



^ 



o 



;: 114 

I us 12.0 



1.0 ^^ 1^ 

^^s itt U2 12.2 

lyi n^ iji^ 




Photographic 

Sciences 

Corporation 




33 WIST MAIN STRUT 
(7]ia; r>72-4S03 



VV' 

^ 



CIHM/ICMH 

Microfiche 

Series. 



CIHIVI/ICIVIH 
Collection de 
microfiches. 




Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions / institut Canadian de microreproductions historiques 





Technical and Bibliographic Notes/Notes techniques et bibliographiques 



The institute has attempted to obtain the best 
original copy available for filming. Features of this 
copy which may be bibliographically unique, 
which may alter any of the images in the 
reproduction, or which may significantly change 
the usual method of filming, are checked below. 



D 



n 



D 



D 
D 



D 



D 



Coloured covers/ 
Couverture de couleur 



I I Covers damaged/ 



Couverture endommag6e 



Covers restored and/or laminated/ 
Couverture restaur6e et/ou pellicula 



I I Cover title missing/ 



Le titre de couverture manque 



I I Coloured maps/ 



Cartes gdographiques en couleur 



Coloured ink (i.e. other than blue or black)/ 
Encre de couleur (i.e. autre que bleue ou noire) 



I I Coloured plates and/or illustrations/ 



Planches et/ou illustrations en couleur 

Bound with other material/ 
Reli6 avec d'autres dccuments 

Tight binding may cause shadows or distortion 
along interior margin/ 

La re liure serr6e peut causer de I'ombre ou de la 
distortion le long de la marge int6rieure 

Blank leaves added during restoration may 
appear within the text. Whenever possible, these 
have been omitted from filming/ 
II se peut que certaines pages blanches ajout6es 
lors d'une restauration apparaissent dans le texte, 
mais, iorsque cela 6tait possible, ces pages n'ont 
pas 6t6 filmies. 

Additional comments:/ 
Commentaires suppl^mentaires; 



L'Institut a microfilm^ le meilleur exemplaire 
qu'il lui a AtA possible de se procurer. Les details 
de cet exemplaire qui sont peut-Atre uniques du 
point de vue bibliographique, qui peuvent modifier 
une image reproduite, ou qui peuvent exiger une 
modification dans la mithode normale de filmage 
sont indiqute ci-dessous. 



Tl 
tc 



I I Coloured pages/ 



Pages de couleur 

Pages damaged/ 
Pages endommag^es 

Pages restored and/oi 

Pages restaur6es et/ou peiliculies 

Pages discoloured, stained or foxe< 
Pages ddcoiories, tacheties ou piquies 



r~~| Pages damaged/ 

I I Pages restored and/or laminated/ 

r~} Pages discoloured, stained or foxed/ 



Tl 

P< 

o1 
fil 



O 
bi 
th 
si 

01 

fil 
si 

01 



□ Pages detached/ 
Pages d6tach6es 



r~~y Showthrough/ 
1—1 Transparence 



I I Quality of print varies/ 



Quality indgaie de I'impression 

Includes supplementary material/ 
Comprend du materiel suppl^mentaire 

Only edition available/ 
Seule Mition disponible 



n 



Pages wholly or partially obscured by errata 
slips, tissues, etc., have been refilmed to 
ensure the best possible image/ 
Les pages totalement ou partiellement 
obscurcies par un feuillet d'errata, une pelure. 
etc., ont 6t6 fiim^es A nouveau de fapon d 
obtenir la meilleure image possible. 



Tl 
%h 
Tl 
w 

M 
di 
en 
bi 

rl« 
re 



This item is filmed at the reduction ratio checked below/ 

Ce document est film6 au taux de rMuction indiquA ci-dessous. 



10X 








14X 








18X 








22X 








26X 








30X 






























"^ 


















1 








m 








16X 








20X 








24X 








28X 






32X 





Th« copy filmMl h«r« has b—n r«produc«d thanka 
to tha ganarosity of: 

Library Division 

Provincial Archivei of British Columbia 



L'aaamplaira film* fut raproduit grlca A la 
gAnArositA da: 

Library Division 

ProvirKial Archives of British Columbia 



Tha imagas appaaring hara ara tha baat quality 
poaaibia conaldaring tha condition and lagibillty 
of tha original copy and in kaaping with tha 
filming contract apacifications. 



Original capiat in printad papar covars ara filmad 
baginning with tha front covar and anding on 
tha laat paga with a printad or illuatratad impraa- 
•ion, or tha back covar whan appropriata. All 
othar original capiat ara filmad baginning on tha 
firtt paga with a printad or illuttratad imprat- 
tion. and anding on tha latt paga with a printad 
or illuttratad imprattion. 



Tha latt racordad frama on aach microficha 
thall contain tha tymbol — ^- (moaning "CON- 
TINUED"), or tha tymbol y (moaning "END"), 
whichavar appliat. 

Mapt. platat, chartt. ate, may ba filmad at 
diffarant raduction ratiot. Thota too larga to ba 
antiraly includad in ona axpotura ara filmad 
baginning in tha uppar laft hand cornar. laft to 
right and top to bottom, at many framat at 
raquirad. Tha following diagramt illuttrata tha 
mathod: 



Laa imagaa auivantaa ont At* raproduitat avac la 
plua grand toin. compta tanu da la condition at 
da la nattatA da Taxamplaira filmA. at m 
conformitA avac laa conditiont du contrat da 
filmaga. 

Laa axamplairaa originaux dont ia couvartura an 
papiar att imprimA'i tont filmAt 9n commanqant 
par la pramiar plat at •n tarminant toit par la 
darniAra paga qui comporta una amprainta 
d'imprattion ou d'illuttration. toit par la tacond 
plat, talon la caa. Tout laa autrat axamplairaa 
originaux tont fihnAt an comman9ant par la 
pramiAra paga qui comporta una amprainta 
d'imprattion ou d'illuttration at •n tarminant par 
la darniAra paga qui comporta una talla 
amprainta. 

\Jn dat tymbolat tuivantt apparattra tur la 
darniAra imaga da chaqua microficha. talon la 
caa: la tymbola «»• tignifia "A SUIVRE". la 
tymboic ▼ tignifia "FIN". 

Lat cartat. planchat. tablaaux, ate. pauvant Atra 
filmAt A dat taux da rAduction diffArantt. 
Lortqua la documant att trap grand pour Atra 
raproduit •n un taul clichA. il att filmA A partir 
da I'angia tupAriaur gaucha. da gaucha A droita, 
at da haut an bat. Bn pranant la nombra 
d'imagat nAcattaira. Lat diagrammat tuivantt 
illuttrant la mAthoda. 



1 


2 


3 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 



GEN. HARNEY'S LETTER TO GOV. DOUGLAS. 

' IIbabiOi/artbrs Dei'ARTMENT or Orruon, ) 

W^Fort Vancouver, W. T., Aug. Gth, IBSO. j 
Hit Excellency, Jamis Doua^As, C. B., Gonemor of Vancmiver'H 

hland, dhe., and Vice Admiral of' the same. 

Sir : I have the honor to inform yuu of the receipt of an official 
copy of a protest made by you to the occupation of San Juan Inland, 
in Puget Sound, by a company of United States troopH under ray 
command. 

This aforesaid copy was furnished by Capt. Hornby, of Her Ma- 
jesty's ship Tribune, to the United States officer in coinnuind nt 
San Jnan Island, Capt. George Pickett, of the 9th Infantry of the 
American army, together with a communication threatening; n joint 
occupation of the San Juan Island, by the forces oT f lir Miyoiity's 
ships Tribune, Plumper, and Satellite, now in the harbor of that 
Island by your orders. 

Am the military command v of the department of Oregon, assign- 
ed to that command by the orders of the President of the United 
SUtes, I have the honor to state for your information, that by such 
authority invested in me, I placed a iTiilitary command upon the 
Island of San Juan to protect the American citizens residing on 
that island from the insults and indignities which the British au- 
thorities of Vancouver Island, and the establishment of the Hud- 
son's B»7 Company have recently offered tlieni, by sending a Bri- 
tish ship of war from Vancouver Island, to convey the ohiof factor 
of the Hudson's Bay Company to San Juan, fur tiic |)urpo80 of 
seizing an American citisen and forcibly transporting hiui to Van- 
couver Island to be tried by British laws. 

I have reported this attempted outrage to my government, and 
they will doubtless seek the proper redress from the British gov- 
ernment. In the meantime, I have the honor to inform your Ax- 
oellency, I shall not permit a repetition of the insult, and shall 
retain a command on San Juan Island to protect its iMtizcns in the 
name of the United States, until I receive further onlers from my 
govemm«>nt. 

I Lave the honor to be very resp'y, your ob'dt serv't, 

AV. S. IIARNEY, 
Brig-Gen. U. S. Army, Commanding. 



REPLY OF GOV. DOUGLAS TO GEN. HARNEY. 

■* _ 

GOVERNNRNT HoUSE, VICTORIA, ) 

i'^ancouvor's Island, I3th Aug. 1859. ) 
Brtgadier-deneral Wm. S. Habnbv, Cinninnit^in.j thn Troops in 

the DeiKirtment of Oiegon — 

Sir: On the evening of tLe 10th inst., I bad the honor of re- 
ceiving your Dispatch dated Fort Vancouver, AuguBtr6th, 1859. 

In reply thereto, I must thank you for the frank and straight- 
forward manner in which you uommunicato to me your reasons for 
occupying the Island of San Juan in the Ilaro Archipelago with a 
portion of the military forces of the United States under your 
command. 

I am glad to find that you have done so under your general in- 
structions from the President of the United States as Military Com- 
mander of the Department of Oregon, and not by direct authority 
emanating from the Cabinet at Washington. 

You state that the reasons which induced you to tnke that course 
are the " insults and indignities which the British authorities of 
Vancouver's Island, and the Establishment of the Hudson's Bay 
Company have r«>c?r*lv offered to * American citizens residing on 
the Island of San Juan,' by sending a British ship of war from 
Vancouver's Island to convey the Chief Factor of the Hudson's 



Bay Company to San Juan, for the purpose of t<cizin){ an Aniuricau 
citizen, and forcibly transporting liiui ti> Vanoouvvr's Island to be 
tried by British Laws." 

I will explain for your information that the Agents of the Hud- 
son's Bay Co. hold no official position in Vancouver's Islanil, nor 
exercise any official power or authority, and arc as entirely distinct 
from the officers of the Executive (•overnmcnt as are nny of the 
other inhabitants of Vancouver's Island. 

To the reported outrage on an American citizen, I liog to give 
the most unhesitating and unqualified denial. None of ilcr Ma- 
jesty's ships have ever been sent to convey the Chief Factor or any 
officer of the Hudson's Bay Company to San Juan for the purpose 
of seizing an American citizen, nor hai< nny attempt ever been 
made to seize any American citixon and to transport him fon-ibly 
to Vancouver's Island for trial as represented by you. 

Up to a very recent period but one American citizen has been 
resident on San Juan. About the commcnceuient of the present 
year a few American citizens began to "si|uat" upon tlio Islandt 
and upon one occasion a complaint was niiMlo to me bv a Britiah 
subject of some wron^oniuiitted against his property by an Auifr^ 
ican citizen, but uoJOBntion was paid to that cumpluint, outifP 
consideration and respect to the friendly government to which ft»o 
alleged oti'ender belonged, and whose citizens, I think it cannot Ih) 
denied, have always been treated with marked attention by all the 
British authorities in these parts. AVith reference t») San Juan in 
particular, I have always acted with the utmost caution to prevent, 
so far as might lie in my power, any ill feelings arising from col- 
lisions between British subjects and American citizens, and have 
in that respect cordially endeavored to carry out the views of the 
United States Government as expressed in a dispatch fioni Mr. 
Marcy, dated 17th July, 1855, to Her Majesty's Minister at Wash- 
ington, tt copy of which I herewith enclose for your information, us 
I presume that the document (;annot l>n in your possession. 

Following the dignitiod policy recommen-.led by that dispatch, I 
should in any well grounded case of complaint against an Ameri- 
can citizen have referred the nmtter to the Federal authorities in 
Washingttin Territory, well assured that if wrong hiut been com- 
mitted reparation would have followed. 

I deeply regret that you did not communicate with ine for infc- 
mntion upon the subject of the alleged grievance, you would then 
have learned how ua|iMHide(l vfM the complaint, and the grave ac- 
tion you have adop^^nilglit have been avoided. I also deeply 
regret that you did nttTmoution the matter verbally to me when I 
had the pleasure of seeing you at Victoria last month, for a few 
words from ine wouUI, I am sure, have removed fi-om your mind 

any erroneous impressions, and you would have ascertained ner- 
Du..,jr.^ e...^ ...«. i.».. — _; ... , t i .^ i ^ »„ „^ .^ .. , '..i 

utir St of my power with the officers of the United States (Jovern- 
meut in any measures which might bo mutually beneficial to the 
citizens of the two countries. 

Having given you a distinct and emphatic denial to the cir- 
cumstances which you allege induced you to occupy the Island of 
San .itian with United States troops; having shown you that the 
reascins you assign do not exist, and having endeavored to assure 
you of my readiness on all occasions to net for the protection of 
American citizens, and for the promotion of their welfare, I must 
call upon you, sir, if not as a nnxtter of right, at least as a matter 
of justice and of humanity, to withdraw the troops now quartered 
upon the Island of San Juan ; for those troops are not required for 
the protection of American citizens against British authorities, and 
the continuance of these troops upon an Island, the sovereignty of 
which is in dispute, not only is a marked discourtesy to a friendly 
Government, but complicates to an undue decree the settlement in 
an amicable manner lA the (piestion of sovereignty, and is also cal- 
culated to provoke a collision between the military forces of two 
friendly Nations, in a distant part of the world. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your Most Ob't Serv't, 

JAMES DOUGLAS. 






195844