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' IIbabiOi/artbrs Dei'ARTMENT or Orruon, ) 

W^Fort Vancouver, W. T., Aug. Gth, IBSO. j 
Hit Excellency, Jamis Doua^As, C. B., Gonemor of Vancmiver'H 

hland, dhe., and Vice Admiral of' the same. 

Sir : I have the honor to inform yuu of the receipt of an official 
copy of a protest made by you to the occupation of San Juan Inland, 
in Puget Sound, by a company of United States troopH under ray 

This aforesaid copy was furnished by Capt. Hornby, of Her Ma- 
jesty's ship Tribune, to the United States officer in coinnuind nt 
San Jnan Island, Capt. George Pickett, of the 9th Infantry of the 
American army, together with a communication threatening; n joint 
occupation of the San Juan Island, by the forces oT f lir Miyoiity's 
ships Tribune, Plumper, and Satellite, now in the harbor of that 
Island by your orders. 

Am the military command v of the department of Oregon, assign- 
ed to that command by the orders of the President of the United 
SUtes, I have the honor to state for your information, that by such 
authority invested in me, I placed a iTiilitary command upon the 
Island of San Juan to protect the American citizens residing on 
that island from the insults and indignities which the British au- 
thorities of Vancouver Island, and the establishment of the Hud- 
son's B»7 Company have recently offered tlieni, by sending a Bri- 
tish ship of war from Vancouver Island, to convey the ohiof factor 
of the Hudson's Bay Company to San Juan, fur tiic |)urpo80 of 
seizing an American citisen and forcibly transporting hiui to Van- 
couver Island to be tried by British laws. 

I have reported this attempted outrage to my government, and 
they will doubtless seek the proper redress from the British gov- 
ernment. In the meantime, I have the honor to inform your Ax- 
oellency, I shall not permit a repetition of the insult, and shall 
retain a command on San Juan Island to protect its iMtizcns in the 
name of the United States, until I receive further onlers from my 

I Lave the honor to be very resp'y, your ob'dt serv't, 

Brig-Gen. U. S. Army, Commanding. 


■* _ 


i'^ancouvor's Island, I3th Aug. 1859. ) 
Brtgadier-deneral Wm. S. Habnbv, Cinninnit^in.j thn Troops in 

the DeiKirtment of Oiegon — 

Sir: On the evening of tLe 10th inst., I bad the honor of re- 
ceiving your Dispatch dated Fort Vancouver, AuguBtr6th, 1859. 

In reply thereto, I must thank you for the frank and straight- 
forward manner in which you uommunicato to me your reasons for 
occupying the Island of San Juan in the Ilaro Archipelago with a 
portion of the military forces of the United States under your 

I am glad to find that you have done so under your general in- 
structions from the President of the United States as Military Com- 
mander of the Department of Oregon, and not by direct authority 
emanating from the Cabinet at Washington. 

You state that the reasons which induced you to tnke that course 
are the " insults and indignities which the British authorities of 
Vancouver's Island, and the Establishment of the Hudson's Bay 
Company have r«>c?r*lv offered to * American citizens residing on 
the Island of San Juan,' by sending a British ship of war from 
Vancouver's Island to convey the Chief Factor of the Hudson's 

Bay Company to San Juan, for the purpose of t<cizin){ an Aniuricau 
citizen, and forcibly transporting liiui ti> Vanoouvvr's Island to be 
tried by British Laws." 

I will explain for your information that the Agents of the Hud- 
son's Bay Co. hold no official position in Vancouver's Islanil, nor 
exercise any official power or authority, and arc as entirely distinct 
from the officers of the Executive (•overnmcnt as are nny of the 
other inhabitants of Vancouver's Island. 

To the reported outrage on an American citizen, I liog to give 
the most unhesitating and unqualified denial. None of ilcr Ma- 
jesty's ships have ever been sent to convey the Chief Factor or any 
officer of the Hudson's Bay Company to San Juan for the purpose 
of seizing an American citizen, nor hai< nny attempt ever been 
made to seize any American citixon and to transport him fon-ibly 
to Vancouver's Island for trial as represented by you. 

Up to a very recent period but one American citizen has been 
resident on San Juan. About the commcnceuient of the present 
year a few American citizens began to "si|uat" upon tlio Islandt 
and upon one occasion a complaint was niiMlo to me bv a Britiah 
subject of some wron^oniuiitted against his property by an Auifr^ 
ican citizen, but uoJOBntion was paid to that cumpluint, outifP 
consideration and respect to the friendly government to which ft»o 
alleged oti'ender belonged, and whose citizens, I think it cannot Ih) 
denied, have always been treated with marked attention by all the 
British authorities in these parts. AVith reference t») San Juan in 
particular, I have always acted with the utmost caution to prevent, 
so far as might lie in my power, any ill feelings arising from col- 
lisions between British subjects and American citizens, and have 
in that respect cordially endeavored to carry out the views of the 
United States Government as expressed in a dispatch fioni Mr. 
Marcy, dated 17th July, 1855, to Her Majesty's Minister at Wash- 
ington, tt copy of which I herewith enclose for your information, us 
I presume that the document (;annot l>n in your possession. 

Following the dignitiod policy recommen-.led by that dispatch, I 
should in any well grounded case of complaint against an Ameri- 
can citizen have referred the nmtter to the Federal authorities in 
Washingttin Territory, well assured that if wrong hiut been com- 
mitted reparation would have followed. 

I deeply regret that you did not communicate with ine for infc- 
mntion upon the subject of the alleged grievance, you would then 
have learned how ua|iMHide(l vfM the complaint, and the grave ac- 
tion you have adop^^nilglit have been avoided. I also deeply 
regret that you did nttTmoution the matter verbally to me when I 
had the pleasure of seeing you at Victoria last month, for a few 
words from ine wouUI, I am sure, have removed fi-om your mind 

any erroneous impressions, and you would have ascertained ner- 
Du..,jr.^ e...^ ...«. i.».. — _; ... , t i .^ i ^ »„ „^ .^ .. , '..i 

utir St of my power with the officers of the United States (Jovern- 
meut in any measures which might bo mutually beneficial to the 
citizens of the two countries. 

Having given you a distinct and emphatic denial to the cir- 
cumstances which you allege induced you to occupy the Island of 
San .itian with United States troops; having shown you that the 
reascins you assign do not exist, and having endeavored to assure 
you of my readiness on all occasions to net for the protection of 
American citizens, and for the promotion of their welfare, I must 
call upon you, sir, if not as a nnxtter of right, at least as a matter 
of justice and of humanity, to withdraw the troops now quartered 
upon the Island of San Juan ; for those troops are not required for 
the protection of American citizens against British authorities, and 
the continuance of these troops upon an Island, the sovereignty of 
which is in dispute, not only is a marked discourtesy to a friendly 
Government, but complicates to an undue decree the settlement in 
an amicable manner lA the (piestion of sovereignty, and is also cal- 
culated to provoke a collision between the military forces of two 
friendly Nations, in a distant part of the world. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your Most Ob't Serv't,