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Full text of "Historic records of the fifth New York Cavalry, First Ira Harris Guard [microform] : its organization, marches, raids, scouts, engagements and general services, during the rebellion of 1861-1865 : with observations of the author by the way, giving sketches of the armies of the Potomac and of the Shenandoah : also, interesting accounts of prison life and of the secret service : complete lists of its officers and men"

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HISTORIC BECQBDS 

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OBSEKfATIONS OF THE AUTHOR BY THE WAY. 



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0k(Ut)es pf t^e OltmUe af tl)« Potomac ond of t^< 
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niTEREBTIHO AC50OUMTS OF PRISOIT UPE 

AMD or TBI 

SECRET SERVICE. 

Complete IiistB of its Officers and Men. 

. / pan 

By Bbv. LOUIS N' BOUDRTE, 
OEAn^iR ov nn sMnnnn. 

nXlISTBATKD WITH BTKBL P0BTBAIT8 AHD WOOD 0TJT8. 

ALBANY, N. T. : 

J. MUNSBLL, 82 8TATB STEBBT. 

1868. 



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Xntered Aeeonling to Act of Coofren in the Tmt 188B, t^ 

havn N. Bousna, 

In tb« Olwk't Office of th« District Oonrt ct the United SUtet for th* 

Iforthem District of New Torlc 



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TO TEE BSAVE"' SOTS 
OF TEH OLD FJFTE, 
who 
have 
to ofUn d^gfiayed uniurpamd 

PatrioUtm, FarMudt 

and Valor in fl« 
tri/ini/ t)iei$tUude» of 
Military Lift; and uha, 
en to many Noody Fiddt 
cf BcMe, hone heniecMy up- 

M ihtBtarry Banner t and June 

itt auOiffrO^ in (he pret- 
<if itt onemiei, are (heie 
torie Beecrdi tf (Mr 
1. BLE DEEDS' 

DEDIOATED by fheir 
OEAPLAm. 



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HiAD QtTABTimi, Fifth N. T. CMftlrjr, \ 
Near SUunton, V»., Junt Hlk, 1866. J 
Rmt. Louis K. Boddrti, 

ChapUin, Fifth N. T. Ca-ralry, 
Z)«ar 5ir: We, the offioera J the Fifth New York C«T»lry, 
desirous to possess true and full Historio Reoords of the Regiment, 
since its organiiation, do respeotfully request you to prepare tha 
same for publication in such form, that ourselves and the men of 
this Command may te able to procure them. 

Pledging you our assistance in the accomplishment of this diffi- 
cult labor, wb remain 

Respectfully Tours, 
(%««</).— A. H. Wbiti, Col.; T. A. Boici, Lt. Col. ; E. J. Bae- 
K», Major; H. A. D, Mimsirr, Mijor; 0. W. ARMSTkoio, Sur- 
geon, and others. 

Caisf Fifth New York Cavalry, \ 
Nea? Otaunton, Va., Junt m, 18G6. / 

Col. A. H. Wbiti, Lt. Col. T. A. Boioi, Md others. 

Dear Sir$ : I cbeerftiUy undertake the " difficult labor," which 
you request me to perform for several reasons, vis; first, because 
you request it. Second, because I believe it to be the duty of 
every regiment 'o prepare a correct hiitory of its services in this 
war, for ftiture reference. Third, bqoause my services as chaplaia 
of the regiment, for nearly three years of its active campaigning, 
have afforded me an ample opportunity to know its character and 
history. A diary of all tha remarkable events of that pecriod, 
written during the lull of battle ; — in the halt of the march ; — 
through the respite of hospital labor; — in the lonellneGs of the 
prison (where I was confined three months), and during the quiet- 
ness of the camp, — will be invaluable in this enterprise. I pledge 
mj self to search out diligently, and to state faithfully, the faett of 
our eventftil history. Hoping that uiong these records in future 
days, we may spend many happy and profitable hours, living 
over again some of the glorious experiences of our military life, 
I remain, Very Respectfully Tours, 

Louis N. Boudkyb, 
Chaplain, Fifth N. T. Cavalry 



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ILLUSTRATIONS. 



STEEL PORTRAITS. 

Paom. 
I. Chaplain Louis N. Boudrye Frontigpieoe. 

IL Colonel 0. DeForest, 29 

in. Colonel John Hammond 76 

IV. Colonel A. H. White 117 

V. Lieutenant Culonel T. A. Boioe 186 

VL Surgeon L. P. Woodt, 288 

WOOD CUTS. 

L Battle of Brandy Station, 81 

II. Burial of Sergeant 8. W. Sortore 182 

in. Our Chapel Tent 247 

IV. Libby Prison, Biohraoni', Va., 267 

V. Interior View of Libby Prison 267 

VI. Our Soout, Approaching Hagorstown, Md., 281 



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OP TABLES 



I. Offioen «t Time of Muster Out, 202 

II. CommandMita of the Regiment, 204 

III. Non-Commiuloned Staff, -••• S*^* 

IV. Streugth of Command at Various Datee, 206 

V. Full Statistloe - 206 

VI. Engafemenle and their CaeualOes, ~ 2l2 

VII. Men Killed ia Action 216 

VIII. Men Mortally Wounded in Action, - 218 

IX. Men Discharged by Reason of WouadB « ?19 

X. Retired Officers 221 

ZI. Men who Died in Rebel Prisons, 27'» 



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CONTENTS 



202 

204 

ir4 

206 

206 
212 
216 
218 
?19 
221 
270 



CHAPTER I. 

Our CaTkiry Deficient kt Bull Run. — This Arm Recruited. — Org*n- 
ixation of the Fifth Mew York Cayalr/. — Hon. Ir» Hftrris 
lends his Name and Influence. — Early History of Regiment. — 
On Staten Island, New York.— -Flag Presentation, — Speech of 
Senator Harris. — Regiment LeaTes the State. — In Baltimore.— 

In Annapolis At Camp Harris.— Jwjy 26<A to Dee. 81«(, 

1861 17 

CHAPTER n. 

Discipline and Drill. — First BiTouao. — At Harper's Ferry. — Win* 
Chester. — Its Appearance then. — First Capture made by the 
Regiment. — Col. Turner Ashby (Rebel) in the Valley. — Fight 
with him »t Harrisouburg. — Qallant Conduct of the Fifth. — 
First Casualties. — Caralry towing Infantry across a Riyer by 
hanging on the Horses' Tails. — Battle of Front Royal. —The 
Flanker Stonewall Jacksoc. — The Regiment Engaged. — A 
Portion of it out oiT. — Qreat Daring. — Belle Boyd, the female 
Rebel Spy. — Letter of Charles H. Oreenleaf. — How Gen. 
Backs sared his army. — ^R«sult of Retreat. — Jan, to May 26(A, 
1862 28 

CHAPTER m. 

Bebbl Army Crossing South of Blue Ridge. — Suceessftal Advapie 
on Martlnsbnrg.— Serrices ftnd Sufferbgs of the CaTalry.— 



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X Contents. 

Cavalry Battle of Orange Court House. — Fifth New York BoyB.— 
Terrible Dealers in Hardware. — R'iconuoiBsanoe to Louisa 
Court House. — Qen. Stuart's Adjutant General and Important 
Diapatohes Arom Gen. Lee Captured.- — Reconnoissanoe through 
Snicker's Gap and to Berryyille. — Capture cf a Rebel Camp, 
one Stand of Colors and much Spoil. — Charge on a Sutler's 
Shanty. — Sword Presented to Qen. J. P. Hatch. — Interesting 
Correspondenoe. — ifay Zlit to December Biit, 1862, 86 

CHAPTER IV. 

Mosby, the Guerrilla. — His men. — Picketing against him at Chan- 
tilly. — Building Winter Quarters at Germantow:a. — Descrip- 
tion. — Mosby at Fairfax Court House. — Fight at Chantilly. — 
At Warrenton Junction. — Congratulatory Order of Command- 
ing General. — Fight at GreapwioL.— Capture of a' Howitxer. 
— Gallant Conduct of Lieut. Barker. — Jan, lit to June J14(A, 
1868 4« 

CHAPTER V. 

Uen. Lee Inv.ides Maryland and Pennsylvania. — Breaking Camp 
at Fairfax Court House. — Fidelity of the Horse. — March over 
Bull Run Battle Field. — Reorganization of the Ca /airy Corp^. — 

Kilpatriok in Command of the Third Division Caralry Battle 

of Hanover, Pennsylvania. — Battle of Gettysburg, Third Day. — 
Attack on Rebel Train in Monterey Pass. — Battle of Hagera- 
town. — Battle of Boonsboro'. — Attack on Rear Guard of Rebel 
Array at Falling Waters. — The Invaders Expelled from Free 
Soil. June 19tA to July Uth, 1868 61 

CHAPTER VI. 

Lee's Invasion, a great Failure. — He is not Pursued very Vigor- 
ously. — Reasons Why. — We Reoross the Potomac The Qun- 

Boat Expedition. — Battle of Culpepper Court House. — Lee 
flanks Meade. — We Retreat from the Robertson and Rapidan 
Rivers. — Kiipatrick Surrrounded at Brandy Station. — His 
Brilliant Charge. — Battle of Buckland Mills. — The Armies 



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th New York Boys.— 
|oiR8anoe to Louisa 

aeral and Important 
lonnoissanoe through 
V cf a Rebel Camp, 
bhargo on a Sutler's 
IHatch. — Interesting 
\t. 1862 85 



gainst him at Chan- 
lantowa. — Desorip- 

ightatChantilly. — 
)rder of Command- 
»ture of a Howitxer. 
n. Itt to June J4tA, 
4« 



ia. — Breaking Camp 
Horse. — March over 

the Cn/alry Corps. 

on — Catralry Battle 
sburg, Third Day.— 
— Battle of Hagers- 
Rcar Guard of Rebo! 
Expelled from Free 
• 61 



Pursued Tery Vigor- 

otomao The Gun- 

]!ourt House. — Lee 
rtson and Rapidan 
ndy Station.— His 
lills.— The Armies 



Contents. 



XI 



ill 



Swing like Pendulums. — Skirmish at Stevensburg. — Several 
Days' Fighting at Raocoon Ford. — Change is the Soldier's Lite.— 
Excitemeut about Re<>nlisling as Veteran Volunteers Build- 
ing Winter Quarters Jul;/ 16M to Deembtr 31»<, 18f>3,.. 72 

CHAPTER Vn. 

Life in Winter Quarters. — Its Duties and Pastimes, — Its Interest- 
ing Scenes. — Dangerous Picketing between the Rappahannock 
and the Rapidan. — Frequent Attacks by Guerrillas. — Kilpat. 
rick's Second Raid to Richmond. — Col. Dahlgren's Part of the 
V/ork. — Full Account by Lieut. Merritt, who accompanied 
Dahlgren. — Object of the Raid. — General Plan. — Dahlgren's 
Command. — Successful Capture of Rebel Pickets on the Rapi- 
dan. — Honor to Lieut. Merritt's Command. — Capture of a Rebel 
Court Martial. — Conduct of Prisoners. — The Faithless Negro 
Guide. — He is Hung.— -Property of Mr. Seddon, Rebel 
Secretary of War. — His Negroes. — Their Depredations. — Our 
Soldiers falsely Accused of Pillaging. — Henry A. Wise wisely 
Skedaddles. — Within a few Miles of Richmond. — CoHperation 
with Kilpatriok Impossible. — Preparation to Attack Richmond. 
— Nature of the Fight. — Withdrawal. — Casualties. — Terrible 
Night's March. — Meet a Rebel Ambulance Train. — Crossing 
the Panunkey. — The Mattapony. — Marching and Fighting. — 
The Ambuscade. — Dahlgren Killed. — Road Barricaded. — In 
Straits. — Ammunition Exhausted. — Preparation to Disperse. — 
The Party Broken up. — The Cabin in the Woods.— The Surren- 
der. — A Baptist Preaoher.->- The Parson's Bobbery and Apolo- 
gy. — Dahlgren's Rem<\in8. — Arrival atLibby Prison. — Casual- 
ties of the Fifth New York. — Synopsis of Kilpatricks March. — 
The Terrible Tornado.— Tcnuary 1«( to May 2d, 1864 90 

CHAPTER Vm 

Army of the Potomac. — Good Condition. — First Steps of th« 
Great Campaign under Gen. Grant. — The Fitth New York opens 
the Battle of the Wilderness at Parker's Store.— Detailed at Army 
Headquarters. — Scenes at the Hospital. — Lines of Battle. — 
Second Day. — Lee breaks our Lines twice. — Is Repulsed. — 



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CONTKNTS. 



Col. Hammond Ordered to Qermania Ford. — Ib Placed in Coa- 
mand of ProTisicual Brigade of Cavalry. — Brings up Rear on 
First Left Flank MoTement. — SkirmislieB on the My and Po 
RiverB. — Affair at the Maitapony. — Sergefcnt Sortore Killed. — 
Hi* Burial. — Battle jt Milfurd Station. — A Stratagem at Little 
River. — Vast Forests uf Virginia. — Battle of Ashland Station 
— Dark, Muddy March along the Pamunkey — Tedious Marcnin 
Rear of a_ Supply Train. — Men Sleep on their Horses. — At 
Charles Ciiy C. H. — Fight at White Oak Swamps.— ifay 3d 
to June IQth, 1864, 120 

CHAPTER IX. 

Crossing the James River. — Pleasant Scene. — The WiUon Raid, — 
First Day.— Battle of Nottoway Court House.— The Danville 
Railroad. — What we D<*Btroyed. — The Contrabands. — Battle 
of Reams Station.— The Swift Retreat. — Awful Scenes.- The 
Author's Personal Adventures. — Is Diamounted in the Woods. — 
Travels by Night and Rests by Day. — Narrow Escapes. — Assist- 
ed by Negroes. — Reaches our Lines Safely. — Casualties of tbe 
^aid. — The Division Ships for Qeisboro' Point, D. C. — June 
I7lh to Auguet 9(A, 1864, 143 

CHAPTER X. 



To the Shenandoah Valley. — Exciting Scene in Snicker's Qap. — 
Battle of Summit Point. — Battle of Keameysvill' Station. — 
Crossing into Maryland. — Old John Brown air in Charlcstown. — 

Skirmishes near the Opequan Battle of Winchester. — Drive 

the Enemy through Front Royal. — Up Luray Valley. — Raid 
to Staunton and Waynesboro'. — Cavalry Fight at Tom's Brook. — 
Battle of Cedar Creek. — Sheridan's Ride. — Unparalleled Cap- 
turos by the Regiment. — Gi. j. Custer's Congratulatory Order. — 
Reconnoissance to Rood's Hill. — Spirited Engagement near Mt. 
Jackson. — Regiment Detailed Escort of Qe&eral Sheridan. — 
The Fruit of Sheridan's Work in the Valley. — August I2th to 
December 81«^ 1864, „ 162 



Contents. 



xiu 



Is PUoed in Coai- 
rings up Rear on 
n the Ny and Po 
t Sortore Killed. — 
Stratagem at Little 
of Aehland Station 
Tedious Marcnin 
their Horses. — At 
Bwamps. — May Zd 
120 



The Wiloon Baid. — 
use. — The Danville 
>ntraband8. — Battle 

wfu! Scenes. — The 
nted in the Woods. — 
w Escapes, — Assist- 
. — Casualties of tiie 

Point, D. C— June 

14S 



in Snicker's Gap. — 
neysTill' Station. — 
lir in Cbarkstown. — 
Winchester. — Drire 
uray Valley. — Eaid 
ht at Tom's Brook.— 
— Unparalleled Cap- 
gratnlatory Order. — 
Ingagcment near Mt. 
Seneral Sheridan. — 
ey. — Augutt 12lh to 
„ 1C2 



*:--<»*^-^»^igi<t „ 



CHAPTER XI. 

General Sheridan's Last Raid, — Up the Valley — Battle of 
Waynesboro'. — Many Prisoners. — In Charge of the Regi- 
ment. — Rosser Annoys Rear of Column. — Battle of Rood's 
Hill. — Rosser Defeated. — Fall of Richmond. — Lee Surren- 
ders. — Suburbs of Winchester. — Rebel Soldiers Anxious to 
bo Paroled. — Expedition to Staunton. — Preparation to Muster 
out the Regiment. — Camp Illumination. — Last Order of Col. 
White. — Journey to Hart's Island, N. T. Harbor. — The Fifth 
New York Cavalry is No More.--./afluary 1«( to July 26th, 
1866, 190 

CHATTER Xn. 

Regimental Items. — Tables : Officers at Time of Muster Out. — 
Commanding Officers. — Non-eommissioned Staff. — Exhibit of 
Strength on Monthly Returns. — Full Statistics. — Former 0< 
oupations of our Men. — Their Places of Birth. — Marches of 
the Regiment. — Counties Traversed. — Escort Duty. — Gen- 
erals under whom we Served. — Burial of Our Dead. — Tables: 
Engagements and their Cttsualtics — Men Killed in Action. — 
Mortally Wounded. — Discharged by Reason of Wounds. — List 
of Retired Officers 200 

CHAPTER Xm. 

Mementos to Officers. — Col. 0. DeForest. — Col. John Hammond. 
— Surgeon Lucius P. Woods — Major A. H. Krom. — Major E. 
J. Barker.— Capt. L. L. O'Connor,. 224 

CHAPTER XIV. 

Influence of Campaigning on our Men. — Who can best Resist the 

Evils. — Means Employed. — The Mail Bag The 8p<)lling 

School. — Literary Classes. — Our Chapel l^nts. — Our Tempe- 
radce Club. — Meetings for Religious Worship. — The Effect on 
our Discipline, 242 

2 



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XIV 



Contents. 



CHAPTER XV. 

Life In Southern Prisons. — Personnl Experience of the Author. — 
Capture. — Gen. Stuart. — Incidents of March to Staunton, Va., 
from PennsylTania.— Libby Prison, Eiohmond. — Cruelties of 
Managers. — State of Rooms. —Vermin. — Rations. — The Soup. 
-Water.— Richmond Papers. — " Sltirmishing." — Bone Cut- 
ting.— The Debating Club.— "Libby Lice-I-see-'em," (Lyceum). 
— The Weekly Libby Chronicle. —Utenty Classes. — Religious 
Services. — The Author Preaches to our Prisoners in Pember- 
ton Castle. — Wretched Conditicn of our Men. — Release. — 
What he Brought with him. — Diary of Sufferings at Salis- 
bury, N. C —Untold Wretchedness at Andersonville, Ga.— 
List of Men who Died in Rebel Prisons, 261 

CHAPTER TTI. 

Our Scout.— With Gen. Stahel. — Guides Cayalry Corps from Fair- 
fax C. H. to Frederick City, Md., June, 1868.— Ordered to Watch 
Movements of Rebel Army, Marching on its Grand Invasion of 
Pennsylvania. — In Disguise he Visits Rebel Gen. Stuart. — 
Captures Rebel Army Mail, with Important Dispatches, at 
Hagerstown, Md.— Carries Dispatches from Gen. Grant to 
President Lincoln, during Battle of the Wilderness. — Among 
the Rebels near Weldon & Petersburg R.R. — Hard Tramp 
through Woods and Swamps. —The Colored Guide. — Gladly 
Reaches our Lines Again, — 276 

CHAPTER XVn. 

Company Registers. — Organiiations.— OflSoers. — Interesting In- 
cidents in Personal Adventures of the men 287 

• CHAPTER XVm. 

Complete Roster of the Regiment ; each company given alpha- 
. betioally - 81" 






•i-««»«»«i«i^»asssSi^^« ! 



ice of the Author. — 
ch to Staunton, Va., 
nond. — Cruelties of 
lationg. — The Soup, 
shing." — Bone Cut- 
-see-'em," (Lyceum). 
Classes. — Religious 
'risoners in Pember- 
' Men. — Release. — 
Sufferings at Salis- 
Lndersonville, Qa. — 
261 



»lry Corps from Fair- 
1.— Ordered to Watch 
;s Grand Invasion of 
ebel Gen. Stuart. — 
rtant Dispatohes, at 
From Gen. Grant to 
Wilderness. — Among 
R.R. — Hard Tramp 
>red Guide. — Gladly 
276 



lers. — Interesting In- 
1 287 



[. 

lompany giren alpha- 
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i^.-:..l'73*^i>-*Mifi'^«l*^ I 'l"J L 'I life! 



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CHAPTER I. 

Our Cayalry Deficient at Bull Run.— This Arm Recruited.— Organ- 
iiation of the Fifth New York Cavalry.— Hon. Ira Harri* 
lenda his Name and Influence.— Early History of Regiment.— 
On Staten Island, New York.— Flag Presentation.— Speech of 

■ Senator Harris.— Regiment Leaves the State.— In Baltimore.— 
In Aaaapolig.- 'At Camp Harris.— /u/y 26M to Dee. 81«t, 1861. 

Tho first battle of Bull Run clearly demonstrated the 
importance of the cavalry arm of the serrice, and that the 
enemy's cavalry, including his notorious Black Horse, was 
far superior to ours. Fully aware of our deficiency the 
authorities went directly to work to reenforce this weak arm 
and to invigorate it with new life and discipline. Recruit- 
ing officers at once appeared in every section of the loyal 
north, whose calls were made for cavalrymen, who would 
bo expected to take the field against the proud chivalry, 
whose success, thus far, had made them more defiant and 
confident than before. 

On the twenty-sixth of July, 1861, the secretary of war 
authorized Col. Othniel De Forest, of New York city, to 
raise a regiment of cavalry for the field service. With 
earnest zeal the colonel began the work assigned him, and 
by the last of September he had gathered on Staten 
Island, New York, the nucleus of a fine cavalry brigade. 
From this assemblage of recruits Col. De Forest organized 



-4 



18 



Historic Records. 



tlio Fifth New York Cavalry, known as the F.rc t Ira Kar- 
ris Guard, in honor of Senator Ira Harris, of Albany, 
under whose patronage the organiiation wa« commenced 
and completed. New York City had contributed liberally 
of men, though whole companies and parts of companies 
were raised in Essex, Wyoming, Allegany, Tioga and 
0/ange counties. A few men were also obtained from the 
states of Massachusetta, Connecticut and New Jersey. No 
bounties were then paid to recruits, and a bounty of only 
one hundred dollars was promised to be paid by the United 
States, at the expiration of term of service. 

On the Sist of October, on Staten Island, New York, the 
field and stafiF of the regiment were mustered into the service 
of the United States for three years, by Capt. L. 8. Larned, 
of the United States army. The muster took effect from 
that date. The regiment was now quartered in common, or 
A tents, furnished by the United States, and the place 
where the boys received their first lessons in discipline and 
drill was called Camp Scott, after the old veteran, who, at 
that time, was closing his active military labors. The first 
and tice^nd battalions received their horses during the month 
of October, and began to be instructed in mounUd drill. 

October 81«<. The regiment was inspected for the first 
time by Lt. Col. D. B. Sackett, of the United States army. 
The last company had now been mustered in, and the com- 
mand stood with a strength of 1,064, besides the oflicers. 
On this day of inspection the regiment, was also mustered 
in for pay, preparatory to receiving its first remuneration 
from the government, which came on the sixth of Novem- 
ber. At that time the government had not yet learned to 
deal in paper money, and the boys received their pay 



*.;iV---V.a- XX'rt**'?5 



(■.■«MiS±i«aaJSi^** 




the First Ira Ilar- 
larris, of Albany, 
n wu commenced 
itributed liberally 
)arts of companies 
ogany, Tioga and 
obtained from the 
1 New Jersey. No 
1 a bounty of only 
)aid by the United 
ce. 

nd, New York, the 
red into the service 
Capt. L. 8. Lamed, 
or took effect from 
ared in common, or 
tes, and the place 
18 in discipline and 
Id veteran, who, at 
y labors. The first 
!8 during the month 
Q mouvfid drill, 
pected for the first 
Inited States army, 
id in, and the com- 
besides the officers. 

was also mustered 
I first remuneration 
he sixth of Novem- 
,d not yet learned to 

received their pay 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



19 



wholly in gold and silver, though it was the last time they 
were cumbered with the precious metals. 

Monday, November Wth, was a memorable day for the regi- 
ment, which was Ihon presented with two beautiful flags, 
one by the common council of the city of New York, and 
ilio other from the hands of Misses Kate Harris and Mary 
F. Klake. A stand had been erected in the centre of the 
plain, at Camp Scott, in front of which, at the appointed 
time, the regiment was formed into a hollow square, the 
officers, some thirty in number, in full dress uniform, 
advancing to the front, Col. De Forest occupying the centre 
of the group. 

At the unfurling of the colors. Senator Barris, who was 
present, arose on the stand, and spoke as follows: 

Col. De Forest, Officers and Soldiers of tJte Ira Harris 
Guard: — I am here to-day to perform a most pleasing 
service. It is one of the proudest moments of my life. 
To-morrow,imany of you will depart for the seat of war, 
there to take part, actively and successfully, I trust, in the 
great encounter in which our country is now engaged with 
treason and rebellion. The rest of you will soon follow. 
Before you go, I desire to place in your hands and commit 
to your keeping a most sacred deposit — one which I am sure 
you will be ready to defend with your hearts' best blood, 
liook upon that standard. Behold these stars and stripes. 
As the star of Bethlehem has been, for ages, the great 
centre of religious hope, so these stars and stripes are the 
emblem of all we hold dear as Americans. Upon these the 
patriot rests his best hopes. They are the great beacon- 



1 The regiment did not go as was expected. 



,•'^iJ5&?K^i^iii^ 



\ 



1 ■ 

;: 



ii 



5;^»» 






hi 



20 



IIisTortio Records. 



light of oppressed humuuity throughout the world. And 
yet those Btara and stripea — so preciouH in the eyes of every 
true American — and now tenfold more precious than over 
before — were, a little while ago, at Fort Sumter — in one 
of the states represented by these stars, basely, ignomini- 
ously »hot down. This outrage was oummittcd, not by a 
foreign foe --this could have been endured — but by the 
coward hands of traitors. This was too much to bear. At 
their country's call, hundreds of thousands of patriotic 
men have gone forth to revenge the insult and suppress this 
most atrocious rebellion — the most atrocious that the world 
ever saw. Hundreds of thousands more are ready to go 
whenever their country needs them. Neither men nor 
money shall ever be wanting until this great rebellion is 
uttorly extinguished. This is the great and noble errand 
upon which you go. I think I know the men to whom I 
speak. They are brave men — they are patri( tic men. I 
trust and believe there is not one of you who would not 
pour out his blood like water, to save his country from 
destruction and dishonor. How gladly would I go with 
you. Did my circumstances permit, I would march with 
you to-morrow, and share with you the perils und the glory 
of the patriot soldier. But though I cannot go, I rejoice 
that my name and honor are to go wl'h you. I know they 
will be safe in your hands. Col. De Forest, as the represent- 
ative and leader of this noble band of men, I commit this 
standard to your hands. Keep it — stand by it — defend it, 
even with your life. Let it be rent and marred in the 
intensify of the conflict to which you go, but let it never be 
dishonored by the polluting touch of a traitor's hand. And 
I ask you — both you and the men of your command — now 



A: 



r?.**-*.',:'. ^■^;'W .V-flV^ 



■--:i:^imf:^i^'^' 



FiFTU New York Cavalry. 



21 



the world. And 
tho eyes of every 
rociouB than over 
Sumter — in one 
baiioly, ignoiuini- 
amitted, not by a 
ired — but by the 
luch to bear. At 
lauds of patriotic 
and suppress this 
>UB that the world 

are ready to go 
Neither men uor 
great rebellion is 
and noble errand 
10 men to whom I 

patri(tio men. I 
)u who would not 
his country from 
would I go with 
would march with 
srils und the glory 
in not go, I rejoice 
^ou. I know they 
t, as the represent- 
len, I commit this 

1 by it — defend it, 
and marred in the 

but let it never be 
'aitpr's hand. And 
jr command — now 



and here, in the presence of this large assemblngo, to record 
your vow, that, God helping you, this banner shall not pass 
from your hands until it shall wave in graceful triumph 
over the very grave of treason. And, colonel, I have yet 
another equally delightful office to perform. The duty has 
been assigned me of presenting to you this other flag. It 
conies from delicate hands. It is the united gift of love 
and patriotism. Take it with you, and, when far away 
upon the tented field, let it be to you for a memorial of tho 
Kjved ones you leave behind you. And when you come to 
meet the foe in battle, let it, with talismanio power, neive 
your arm to strike heavier, deadlier blows in your country's 
cause. And now, colonel, officers and men, farewell I I 
shall watch your movements with the intensest interest. 
Whatever my humble efforts can occomplish for your wel- 
fare or comfort shall be done. But the life of a soldier is 
no holiday life. I know you will endure hardships as good 
soldiers — that you will brave even death itself in a cause 
BO glorious. Some of you will fall in battle. Oh, it is a 
glorious death thus to die. Some of you — most of you, I 
hope — will live to return. But come not back, I charge 
you, until you come covered all over with glory, to receive 
tho plaudits of a grateful country." 

To this profoundly impressive address, which was fre- 
quently interrupted by cheers from the whole regiment, 
(Jol. Do Forest made a very touching and appropriate response. 
This was ibllowed by an outburst of enthusiastic cheering. 

November IHth. The regiment took its departure from 
the state, and after a pleasant journey by rail road without 
accidents, reached Baltimore on the 19th. During their 
stay ill tl»e Monumental city the 3d battalion drew horses 



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.V'A* -i^asfji'j^sii''' " 



i"« '.<e.t&s^i<-^«6k*ii 



^^ 



22 



HiSTOBic Records, 



and equipments, and on the 25th the regiment made ica 
first march, from Baltimore to Annapolis. During their 
stay here most of the men were quartered in St. Mary's 
College and yard. On the 28th they left this capital and 
pitched their tents about three miles from the city, and 
named the place Gamp Harris. 



i'.v^*.itiA^'.fe:«<ite*:- 



■ *S«'SA-<i?8]^;«®S«*i»*>- 



[imeiit made ics 
During their 
in St. Mary's 

|thi8 capital and 
the city, and 



CHAPTER 11. 

Discipline and Drill. — First Bivouao. — At Harper's Ferry. — Win- 
chester. — Its Appearance then. — First Capture made by the 
Uegiment. — Col. Turner Ashby (Rebel) in thff Valley. — Fight 
irith him at Harrisonburg. — Gallant Conduct of the Fifth. — 
First Casualties. — Cayalry towing Infantry across a River by 
hanging on tha Horses' Tails. — Battle of Front Royal. — The 
Flanker Stonewall Jackson. — The Regiment Engaged. — A 
Portion of it cut off. — Great Daring. — Belle Boyd, the female 
Rebel Spy. — Letter of Charles H. Qreenleaf. — How Gen. 
Banks savtid his army. — Result of Ketreat. — Jan. to May 26M, 1862. 

The winter at Camp Harris was not spent in vain. 
Under the instructions of a thorough disciplinarian, and of 
excellent drill masters, the regiment had become versed in 
the tactics of war. Horses as well as men had learned the 
" certain sounds" of the bugle, and were masters of evolu- 
tions and dispositions required of them. Thus the founda- 
tion of a career destined to be important and glorious was 
laid, and the command was only waiting for the opportunity 
of practicing in the field what it had learned in camp, and 
of achieving what had been fondly hoped by its friends. That 
time soon came. The last day of March, 1862, found them 
breaking up their winter quarters and preparing for the 
realities of field service. On that day the 1st and 2d 
bnttalions marched to Annapolis Junction, and entered into 
their first bivouac. The first April they were at the Relay 






V-i^A 4«K.'«A»igKRaW»«' 



1 



24 



Historic Records. 



House, and on the 2d at Harper's Ferry. Until the ninth 
April the battalions wore separated from each other, and sent 
from one post to the other as though the authorities did not, 
know where they were really needed. They alternated 
between EUicott Mills, Washington and Harper's Ferry, until 
at length the whole regiment bivouacked together amid the 
rough scenes of the John Brown raid. On the 10th Cos. 
F and L escorted Maj. General Roseorans to Winchester, 
Woodstock, Paris, and returned again to Harper's Ferry. 

During aheavy rain, which made the roads almost impassa- 
ble, and the weather uncomfortable, the regiment marched, 
on the 20th April, to Winchester. This was then a beautiful 
town. " Grim visaged war," with her fire and sword, hr.d 
not yet desolated the fine public buildings, nor destroyed 
the beautiful shrubbery and foliage of the streets. But 
Wir.chester was then as rebellious and aristocratic as it was 
beautiful. Thoroughly loyal Union families were there, 
but they were like angel's visits, "few and far between." 
It is true it cost something to be loyal there, but the virtue 
of loyalty is a possession well worthy its expense. 

The regiment remained not long to luxuriate in this 
pleasant locality, but moved on the 22d to Strasburg, where 
it remained two days, moving to Woodstock on the 24th. 
On the 26th the men received their pay from the govern- 
ment, and were prepared to march to New Market the next 
day. On the 29th, while on a scout, they captured four 
prisoners. This was the first capture the regiment ever 
made, and, at that time, it was considered a big thing. 

May 2d. Co A made a reconnoissance from Harrisonburg 
toward Port Republic, running into General Jackson's camp. 
In the skirmish and flight that followed, they had one man 



■ 'Sj*jrs-ti-5Jt»l«M-i\««'-'*?*-rf^i 



y tfSy^mi'^^-.'i^i^^^f^y'M^- 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



26 



Until the ninth 
idh other, and sent 
authorities did not 

They alternated 
irper's Ferry, until 
together amid the 
)n the 10th Cob. 
ins to Winchester, 

Harper's Ferry, 
ids almost impassa- 
regiment marched, 
as then a beautiful 
ire and sword, hr.d 
ttgs, nor destroyed 

the streets. But 
ristocratic as it was 
nilies were there, 
and far between." 
lere, but the virtue 
expense. 

) luxuriate in this 
to Strasburg, where 
[stock on the 24th. 
ly from the govern- 
w Market the next 
they captured four 
the regiment ever 
3d a lig thing. 
from Harrisonburg 
iral Jackson's camp. 
I, they had one man 



captured, the first man ever lost from the regiment in an 
engagement. 

i/fiy Sd. The regiment advanced to Harrisonburg, and 
reported to Brig. Gen. John P. Hatch, commanding cavalry 
in the valley. On the 5th the whole force fell back to New 
Market and bivouacked. 

Mai/ Qth. Col. Turner Ashby, a young dashing Rebel 
officer, with a force of picked cavalry, had been playiiig mis- 
chief with our outposts for several weeks. His exploits had 
been so daring, quick, and so generally successful, that he 
had made himself a great name, and become a terror to our 
forces. During the day it was reported that Ashby with 
his men was coming down the pike from Harrisonburg. lu 
the afternoon a detachment of the Fifth New York was sent 
out to check any advance that might be made. Within 
about five miles of Harrisonburg, they encountered the re- 
doubtable Ashby. Our men all eager for a fight, fell like a 
whirlwind upon theenemy,and using their sabres with terrible 
effect, soon scattered and turned thera back in confusion. 
And now commenced a scrambling race. Clouds of dust arose 
from the road, which almost entirely enveloped both the 
pursued and the pursuers. Occasionally the Rebels rallied, 
but were swept away again, and finally chased into the sub- 
urbs of the town, badly defeated. The conflict cost thera 
3 men killed, 5 wounded and 7 prisoners, besides several 
good horses captured. On our side we lost Asahel A. Spencer, 
Go. E, killed, who was the first victim of the regiment, 
offered to the God of battles. William Mills, Co. I, was 
wounded. Sergeant Wm. H. Whitcomb, Co. M, was cap- 
tured, butesoaped through dint of Yankee ingenuity. " The 
Rebels hud stripped off his arms and were using the inde- 



-.'il. 






itmfki»tm»^m^^mm0^ 



26 



IIisTORic Records. 



coruB language with whicli tbo Yankee prisonar is usually 
saluted," when he informed them that they had been pursued 
by only a dozen Yankees whom they might all capture by 
dashing back upon them . They charged back, were scattered, 
and some of them captured by our boys, and Whitcomb 
escaped. Adjutant Hasbrouck was here captured and taken 
to Ricb^rond. 

One correspondent says of the affair: "The brilliant 
charge, of which you were informed by telegraph, has estab- 
lished beyond a cavil the reputation of the Ira Harris Guard. 
Hereafter the Rebels will not forget that there is cavalry 
in this division capable of driving back their mounted 
guerrillas in confusion and consternation; capable of using 
the sabre, the proper instrument of the trooper, in close 
hand to hand conflict. This is the firsi time that we have 
heard from this body of New York cavalry, and they have 
made a good report of themselves, and done honor to their 
state." 

Another writer says: "I asked one of the prisoners, 
if he thought our boys could fight well. He said : ' Only 
that regular cavalry ) they fought like devils.' That regu- 
lar cavalry was the glorious New York Fifth," 

After returning from this successful encounter, some of 
our men, while bathing In the river near New Market, were 
attacked by bushwhackers, and two men of Co. I were killed 
and one of Go. L captured. 

The day following this affair, the news was received of 
the evacuation of Yorktown, and the army was in a great 
jubilee of rejoicing. Consolidated bands visited Generals 
Banks, Williams and Hatch, and made the town echo with 
patriotic music. They also visitei and serenaded tbo Fifth 



I*' n 



I 






a.««fAV.- -v orf 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



27 



prisoner ie usually 
had been pursued 
rht all capture by 
ck, were scattered, 
9, and Whitcomb 
;aptured and taken 

: "The brilliant 
legraph, hasestab- 
Ira Harris Guard. 
b there is cavalry 
ik their mounted 
; capable of using 
trooper, in close 
time that we have 
ry, and they have 
)ne honor to their 

of the prisoners, 
He said : * Only 
evils.' That regu- 
fth." 

noounter, some of 
New Market, were 
)f Co. I were killed 

ws was received of 
rmy was in a great 
8 visited Generals 
he town echo with 
erenaded the Fifth 



New York in honor of their gallant charge yesterday. As that 
had been the first cavalry charge of the war, where sabres were 
used, and with such signal success, the affair created much 
comment at the time in military circles. 

On the 12th the whole force fell back to Woodstock, and 
continued aa far as Tom's Brook on the 14th, at which time 
quite a skirmish was fought at Woodstock by our cavah-y. 
As our army fell back, ita rear was closely followed and 
frequently attacked by Ashby's force. Consequently a strong 
guard was required. On the 21st, Gen. Hatch, with about 150 
of the Fifth, made a successful attack upon this force, drivin,; 
them many miles, killing, wounding n.ud capturing several 
and returning without the loss of a man. 

Meantime, Co. H, which had been detached with Brig. 
Gen. Sullivan in the Luray Valley, during the last of April, 
had fought several spirited skirmishes with the enemy and 
now rejoined the regiment. While in the Luray Valley 
they had witnessed a curious modus operandi, where a force 
of our infantry and cavalry was hard pressed by the enemy 
on the bank of the Shenandoah river, which was so high as 
to be unfordable. As a last resort the cavalrymen plunged 
into the stream, swimming their horses, and towed across 
the infantrjrmen who clung to the animals' tails. 

Matf 23rf. Gen. Banks had been lying securely a few days 
a and about Straiburg, when he was unexpectedly informed 
uy messengers oi' the Fifth N. Y. Cavalry, that a sudden 
attaik h^'* oeen made by the great flanker, Stonewall 
Jackson, upon Col. Kenly's force at FrontRoyal. Companies 
B and D had been sent to Col. Kenly during the afternoon 
arriving just as the Rebels began to pour down the valley 
and the hills upon this devoted garrison. The cavalry was 



VI 



^tfitfA"-': >';-!»a 





\ 



J6k*' 




Historic Records. 



m- 



mi^ 



m-. 



iminediataly ordered to charge the enemy. Qu'ckly obeying 
the order, a splendid charge iras made with great force. 
Had bravery been sufficient to win, the Ira Harris Quard 
would have again succeeded, but, greatly outnumbered, 
flanked and almost surrounded, with a large number killed. 
wounded and captured, the remnant was driven back upon 
our main force which was now retreating at a rapid rate. 
In this charge fell the young and brave Lieutenant Dwyer, 
Co. B, mortally wounded. Capt. A. H. White, Co. D (after- 
ward Colouel), and Adjutant Griffin, while gallantly leading 
their men, fell into the enemy's hands. 

Gen. Banks, in his report to the war department, says: 
" Information was received on the evening of Blay 28d, that 
the enemy in very large force had descended on the guard 
at Front Royal, Col. Kenly, First Md. Regiment, commanding, 
burning bridges and driving our troops through Strasburg, 
vtritb great loss. Owing to what was deemed an extravagant 
statement of the enemy's strength, these reportii were received 
with some distrust; but a regiment of infantry, with a strong 
detachment of cavalry and a section of artillery, were imme- 
diately sent to reenforce Col. Kenly." 

Meanwhile preparations were made to fall back to Win- 
chester aa rapidly aa possible. Col. De Forest with six 
companies of the regiment and Col. Tompkins with an equal 
number of his regiment — the First Vermont, with a detach- 
ment of Zouaves d'Afriqne (Gen. Banks' body guard), and 
a section of Hampton's battery, were ordered to cover the 
rear and to destroy stores not provided with transportation 
at Strasburg. But before this oonld be accomplished the 
enemy had pushed a force between our main army and this 
rear guard. Swift and desperate charges were made, but 



f. Qj-'ckly obeying 
e with great force. 
I Ira Harris Guard 
eatly ontnumbered, 
arge number killed. 
s driven back upon 
ng at a rapid rate. 
) Lieutenant Dwyer, 
White, Co. D (after- 
lile gallantly leading 

ir depftrtatat, aajn: 
ing of May 28d, that 
cended on the guard 
riment, commanding, 
through Straaburg, 
smed an extravagant 
reports were received 
fantry, with a strong 
irtillery, were imme> 

1 fall back to Win- 
De Forest with six 
fipkins with an equal 
■mont, with a detach- 
es' body guard), and 
ffdered to cover the 
with transportation 
be accomplished the 
main army and this 
;e8 were made, but 



■&.ia!.^i&W^ 



I' 




^^^/>N^^/-5^^^;x^: 



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(,■.* 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



81 



a junction could not be cffooted and our men wore threatened 
with annihilation. Middlotown and Newtown CrosH Roads 
were the scenea of fearful encounters, but the noble band 
was beaten back every time. At length, breaking away 
from the enemy, this guard took to the fields toward the 
Little North Mountains, hoping, by a circuitous route around 
the enemy's flank, to be able to join Gen. Banks at Winches- 
ter, where Col. Tompkins with some artillery joined him 
next day. Col. De Forest, encumbered with a train, was not 
80 fortunate, but was compelled to pass over the rugged 
mountain roads for several days, reaching our army 
at last by way of Cherry Run and Clear Spring, and bringing 
in with him a train of 82 wagons and many stragglers. Gen. 
Banks, after a hasty and disastrous retreat, fell back into 
Maryland at Williarosport and Falling Waters. Belle Boyd, 
the noted Rebel female spy, was undoubtedly instrumental 
in causing our defeat. It was afterwards ascertained that 
she was the bearer of an extensive correspondence between 
Rebels outside and inside our lines. 

The following letter from one of our brave boys, will 
show how Gen. Banks saved bis army from utter destruc- 
tion at Strasburg : 

WiLLiAMBPORT, Md., May 26, 1862. 

Dear Father and Motlter : You have probably heard by 
this time of the three days' fighting from Strasburg 
and Front Royal to Martinsburg. Our company and com- 
pany B were ordered to Front Royal in the mountains, 
twelve miles from Strasburg, last Friday, and when we got 
within two miles of our destination we heard cannonading. 
The majori ordered the baggage to stop, and our two oom- 

' Mai. P. G. Vought, oommanding Detachment. 



sesj^siiiss 



] 



82 



Historic Records. 



1 if 



puniea danhod on, and found soveral companies of our 
infantry and two pieces of artillery engaged with Hevcral 
thousands of the enouiy. Just as we arrived on the field, 
Col. Kenly, who had command of our Torces, rodo up to uie, 
and ordered me to take one man and the two best horMes in 
our company, and ride for dear life to Gen. Banks' head- 
quarters in Htrasburg for reenforeement. The direct road to 
Strasburg was occupied by the enemy, so I was obliged to 
ride around by another, seventeen miles. I rode the seven- 
teen miles in tiily-five minutes. Gen. Banks did not seem 
to think it very serious, bat ordered one regiment of infantry 
and two pieces of artillery off. I asked Gen. Banks for a 
fresh horse to rejoin my company, and ho gave me the best 
horse that I ever rodo, and I started back. I came out on 
the Front Royal turnpike, about two miles this side of 
where I left our men. Saw two men standing in the road, 
and their horses standing by the fence. 1 supposed they 
were our pioketij. 

They did not halt me, so I leked them if they were 
pickets. They said no. Says I, " who are you ?" " We are 
part of Gen. Jackson's staff." I supposed they were only 
joking. I laughed, and asked them where Jackson was. 
They said 'he was in the advance. 1 left them and rode 
toward Front Royal, till I overtook a soldier, and asked him 
what regiment he belonged- to. He said he belonged to the 
Eighth Louisiana. I asked how large a force they had, and 
the reply waa " twenty thousand." 1 turned back and drew 
my revolver, expecting either a desperate fight or a southern 
jail; but the ofiBcers in the road did not stop me, and I was 
lucky enough not to meet any of their pickets. But if it 
was not a narrow escape, then I don't know what is. When 



■ i^ 



lib I 



'ZM» .vt<«^Wiisjrt;i.i<4^fis^ai>&UF-«^iVi 



— ""^ 






•iiiiipnnies of our 

iiKfid with Hovcral 

ived on the field, 

ea, rodo up to me, 

two best horses in 

jlen. BankH' heiul- 

The direct road to 

3 I was obliged to 

I rode the seven- 

tanks did not seem 

sginientof infuntry 

Gen. Banks for a 

3 gave mo the best 

ck. I oanie out on 

miles this side of 

audiug in the road, 

I supposed they 

;hem if they were 
eyou?" "We ore 
led they were only 
here Jackson was. 
eft them and rode 
iier, and asked him 
he belonged to the 
"orce they had, and 
rned back and drew 
fight or a southern 
stop me, and I was 
pickets. But if it 
3W what is. When 



Fifth New York Cavaley. 



88 



I (;ot out of the enemy's lines, I rode as fast as the horse 
could carry me to Ocn. Banks, and reported what I had 
Hcuu and heard. Ho said I had saved the army. 

In less than an hour the whole army was in motion 
toward Winchester. After I left Front Royal to take the 
(lispatch to Strasburg, our two companies of cavalry, who 
were covering the retreat of infantry and baggage, were 
attacked on three sides by about three thousand of the 
enemy's cavalry. Our boys fought like devils, till nearly 
half of them were killed or wounded, and then retreated to 
Winchester. Capt. White, William Watson, Ileury 
Appleby, and nine or ten men of my company are killed or 
taken. William Marshall is all right, except a slight sabre 
cut in the shoulder. 

Wo had a fight at Winchester, got licked and retreat- 
ed. Our company hud company E were ordered to cover 
the parrot gun batl/Ory, and bring up the roar. We rode 
all the way from Winchester to Martiusburg, with caun^/u 
shot and shell flying around us faster than it did at Bull 
Kun. W<i crossed the Potomac last night. It was so dark 
that we could not find the ford, and had to swim our horses 
across. We have got our batteries in position on this side, 
and the rear of the army is crossing. 
From your son, 

Charley H. Oreenleaf, 

Co. D. Fifth N. Y. Cavalry. 

Thus ended this famous retreat. It cost the govern- 
ment about 50 wagons, which were either abandoned or 
destroyed, about nine hundred European rifles left at Stras- 
burg and large quantities of medical and hospital stores, 
including surgeons' instruments, destroyed and abandoned at 



3 




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^:life''a4fe-^^i^:i:;r«s^l^il^ 



kK^JN-. 



f% 



34 



Historic Kecoeds: 



Strasburg and Winchester. The army waa conoiderably demo- 
ralized. Discouraged with their defeats raauy of the boya 
took advantage of their sojourn in Maryland to take 
French furloughs, though some of them afterward returned 
to their commands. 



iWi 



i 'l' 



.^s;i-;#«ffi*S*>*<fr'-Vi*.»K>.--*^ 



,,si;.liS».ai^':"»«'«£i«^SS^^ 



w^am 



coDoiderabiydemo- 

Iraauy of the boys 

laryland to take 

ftorward returned 



CHAPTER m. 

Kebel Army Cri/ssing South of Blue Ridge. — Successful Adyance 
on Martinoburg. — Services and Sutferingg of tlie Ctvalry. — 
Cavalry Battle of Orange Court House. — Fifth New York Boys. — 
Terrible Dealers in Hardware. — Reoonnoissanoe to Louisa 
Court House. — Qen. Stuart's Adjutant General and Important 
Dispatches from Gen. Lee Captured. — Reoonnoissanoe through 
Snicker's Gap and to Berryville. — Capture of a Rebel Camp, 
one Stand of Culors and much Spoil. — Charge on a Sutler's 
Shanty. — Sword Presented to Gen. J. P. Hatch. — Inieresting 
Correspondence.^ May 31«( to Decembtr 9\»t, 1862. 

With the valley cleared of the Yankee army, the Bebels 
began to throw their forces across the Blue Kidge to attack 
our main force in front of Washington, leaving only a 
strong picket line at the foot of the valley, opposed to our 
army in Maryland. It soon became necessary to advance 
across the river, and ascertain what was in our front. The 
regiment, which had been divided in the retreat, now 
advanced from Harper's Ferry and from Williamsport. 
The former column met the enemy at Gharlestown, and 
(IroTe him; and the latter advanced on Martinsburg, drove 
the pickets through the town and cantured several prisoners, 
a wagon, musketa, ammunition and an American flag. 
They also recaptured several of our officers and men lost at 
l*Vont Royul, among them Adjutant Griffin. Several 
engines and cars were also captured from the enemy, who 




tJ,»itj.'vS*{.i -.ifafi^^i^SS^*' ' 



\ 



m-^-- 







f'^mr 



86 



Historic Records. 



appearea to have been taken wholly by surprise. This 
encouraging advance took place the last day of May. On 
the fourth of June the regiment advanced to Winchester, 
where ita fragmenta were reunited. However, companies 
B and D, which had distinguished themselves at Front 
Royal, were detached from the regiment, to serve on a bat- 
tery. (See register of companies). Not much was accom- 
plished during the month. 

On the '•'xieenth the regiment received pay, marched to 
Midd. ♦'^\T the twenty-seventh and to Front Royal the 

thirtieth. This march was continued to Flint Hill, the 
fifth of July, and on the sixth, at Sperryville, a squad of 
Rebel cavalry was encountered and a fight ensued, our boys 
scattering the enemy. The regiment was here joined by 
Major Gardner, who had been detached with Companies C, 
¥, G, and L, on the 19th of June. 

July %th. The regiment marched to Gaines' Cross Roads, 
advancing on Culpepper Court House on the twelfth, where 
it had a skirmish with the enemy, drove them through the 
town and captured fifteen prisoners. The sixteenth the 
boys enjoyed an all-day march through an all-day rain, to 
Rapidan Ford. The next day they marched into Orange 
Court House, expel' ^rter a short skirmish, the enemy 
that was in town, t^ ., the first Union troops that had 
ever visited this /)la. le^ were objects of excited obser- 
vation. But to the iuti " satisfaction of the people, they 
left on the eighteenth, auu returned to Rapidan Ford. 
While on picket at Barnctt's Ford, a large portion of 
Company A was captured. 

This was a season of great suffering among our men and 
horses for want of rations and forage, especially the former. 



<i-:<,..4SiA^KS». .^*'***i 



-if^iimm^'»^St^^ii>mtm*^ii^iMX^£^'^S^^'" 



iH 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



87 



)y surprise. This 
day of May. On 
sed to Winchester, 
owever, companies 
emselves at Front 
to serve on a bat- 
t, much was accom- 

d pay, marched to 
to Front Royal the 
to Flint Hill, the 
yville, a squad of 
it ensued, our boys 
'as here joined by 
with Companies C, 

aines' Cross Eoads, 
1 the twelfth, where 
3 them through the 
The sixteenth the 
an all-day rain, to 
arched into Orange 
:irmish, the enemy 
ion troops that had 
M of excited obser- 
)f the people, they 
to Kapidan J"ord. 
a large portion of 



imong our men and 
peeially the former. 



IJeing iilnioRt constantly on the move, and most of the time 
on the extreme out-posts, it was not possible to bring them 
supplies. Of the cavalry in general, one correspondent 
makes this remark : — " They picket our outposts, scout the 
whole country for information, open our fights, cover our 
retreats, or clear up and finish our victories, as the case 
iiiiiy bo. In short, they are never idle, and rarely find rest 
lor either men or horses." And he might have added, 
"are often sadly in want." During the remainder of July 
uo force of the enemy was encountered, but the regiment 
was almost constantly on the march, having passed and 
bivouacked by the following places: — Sperryville, Wood- 
,ille, Culpepper Court House, James City, Wolftown, and 
into the Luray Valley, by way of Swift Run Grap, to Luray, 
Woodville again, and back to Culpepper Court House near 
which they bivouacked until the 1st of August. On this day 
tbey marched to Raccoon Ford. At this place was concen- 
trated quite a force of cavalry, under Gen. Crawford, pre- 
paratory to an important movement. During the month 
Gen. Hatch was removed from the command of the cavalry 
in this department. Gen. John Buford succeeded him. 

August 2d. Gen. Crawford with the Ist Vermont, 1st 
Michigan and the 5th New York advanced at an early hour 
to reconnoitre the force and position of the enemy about 
Orange Court House. Scarcely a Rebel appeared until the col- 
Tiinn approached the town. Without opposition the advance 
entered the town, whose streets they found deserted, while 
u stillness like that of death seemed to reign all around. 
lUit suddenly volley after volley broke the stillness, and 
proclniniod the presence of a heavy force of the enemy. 
On reaching the suburbs of the town, a strong flanking party, 



^H 



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1 



^i«.V ' .-n.^fe'.e-^*- 



^-V^Pj—/'' 



■--^#5 



38 



Historic Rkcorus. 



consisting of Cos. G and H, under command of Capt. 
Hammond, was ordered around to the left toward the Gor- 
donsville road, whither they dashed off with spirit, under 
their gallant leader. 

The main column encountered a b^avj charge of the 
enemy in the street, which, at first, drove our fellows back a 
littie. Rallying from the first shock, they now dashed back 
upon the enemy^ and a fierce conflict from pistols and car- 
bines followed. Shots flew in every direction, killing horses 
and men alike. The fight waa furious in the narrow streeta ; 
and just as the enemy's column began to waver, Capt. 
Hammond, who had fought the enemy at the depot, and was 
now partially surrounded, with drawn sabres charged upon 
the rebels in his front, crying as he flew forward, " give 
them your hardware, boys 1" And they did the work most 
heroically. Tremendous were the blows they dealt, and 
the street was strewn with unhorsed men whose heads dis- 
^ played fearful gashes from the Yankee sabres. Lieutenant . 
Penfield, Co. H, with a thorough knowledge of sabre exer- 
cise, with a long, strong arm, and a courageous heart, did 
terrible exocution in this fray. The enemy could not 
stand these " hardware " dealers, and fit J in the utmost 
confusion, leaving their dead and badly wounded in our hands. 
The great number of these only showed how determined 
and gallant had been our attack. Fifty prisoners were cap- 
tured, including a major, a captain, and two lieutenants. 

During this fight. Col. De Forest had a very narrow escape 
with his life, and wa3 indebted for his preservation to bugler 
Bohrer, of Co. I.l 



> See Register of Co. I. 



Sito*-jv^.-„;iJi>'.c<.i'3^iH^^f-^s^*--^-?'i* '^'*-' 



s,i/s^^im'»-£^i^is0^.i^^^^-is^^^^'*'^^^'^^^^^^'^^' 



•Ky^-orimasgssi:-.^ 



Fifth Nbw York Cavalry. 



39 



imand of Capt. 

toward the Gor- 

[ith spirit, under 

'y charge of the 

nr fellows back a 

now dashed back 

pistols and car- 

on, killing horses 

le narrow streets ; 

to waver, Capt. 

he depot, and was 

>res charged upon 

¥ forward, " give 

lid the work most 

1 they dealt, and 

whose heads dis- 

tbres. Lieutenant , 

dge of sabre exer- 

■ageous heart, did 

enemy could not 

:J in the utmost 

nded in our hands. 

how determined 

irisoners were cap- 

70 lieutenants. 

ery narrow escape 

lervation to bugler 



This engagement clearly proved our superiority over the 
enemy's cavalry, which, in this instance, consisted of their 
best Virginia regiments lately under Col. Ashby. 

Heavy reinforcements having been received by the enemy, 
and our work having been accomplished, our cavalry fell 
back to the Rapidan, where the Rebels ceased pursuing. 
Here were rested our victorious squadrons. 

On the 4th the regiment marched to Culpepper a'jd to 
Madison Court House on the 5th, bivouacking near the town. 
From Wolftown to Stannards on the 7th we formed a line of 
pickets; and on the 9th was fought the memorable battle of 
Cedar or Slaughter Mountain. Only a few of the regiment 
were engaged in this battle, one of those being killed. A 
slight skirmish was fought with the enemy on the 10th as 
they fell back toward Gordonsville. 

Avgmt Wth. The regiment marched to Culpepper Court 
House and found the town full of our wounded from the battle 
of the 9th. 

AiigrMt \2th. On a reconnoissance to Barnett's Ford on 
the Rapidan and back to Culpepper. Paid ofif on the 15th 
and marched to Mitchell's Station on the 16th, preparatory 
to a Bwifl move on the enemy's lines. 

August nth. Detachments of the Fifth New York and 
First Michigan, Col. Broadhead commanding, marched out 
early on a bold reconnoissance to Louisa Court House, where 
they captured Gen. Stuart's Adjutant General and several 
ycjTf important dispatches. Gen. Pope in his report speaks 



or 



this affair as follows: 



" The Cavalry expedition sent out on the 16th in the direc- 
tion of Louisa Court House, captured the Adjutant General 
of Gen. Stuart, and was very near capturing that officer 



m 



sa&'s*&»(fe'^K^feS&'' 



40 



Historic Records. 



himself. ^ Among the papers taken was an autograph 
letter of Gen. Kobert E. Lee to Gen. Stuart, dated Gordons- 
ville, August 15th, which made manifest to me the disposi- 
tion and force of the enemy and their determination to 
overwbe'm the army under my command before it could be 
recnforced by any portion of the army of the Potomac." 

Having spent a night in chasing through the confederate 
lines, our men returned to their own side of the Rapidan. 
Gen. Pope's army was falling back across the Rappahannock, 
and the regiment marched to Barnett's Ford on that river, 
and held the crossing. 

Auffust 20/A. The regiment advanced to Kelly's Ford, 
and took part in a general engagement. They were ordered 
to support :' battery, which vaa exposed to a fearful fire. 
The colonel encouraged his men by a short address, and they 
did their work well. 

On the 22d we marched to Fayetteville, continued the 
march to Warrenton the next day, and on the 24th partici- 
pated in a severe engagement at Wat«rloo Bridge. Our 
men suffered from the Rebel batteries which were brought 
to bear upon them. During the fight a shell took effect iu 
our ranks killing instantly three horses belonging to the 
three officers of Go. I but fortunately only a few men were 
hurt. 

On the 27th Cos. I, K, & L, were detached as orderlies 
and escort of Gen. Heintzelman; the balance of the regiment 
was made escort of Gen. Pope. On the 28th Gompai^y M 
was detailed escort of Gen. Banks, and the main body of the 
regiment marched to Bull Run Bridge and camped. 



> His belt wati captured. 



'^*iiSI;:lsi-,-'4^';'^KHl\*'*#'-.'-'*^"-"'!£'''-"'i'^"^ 



i*l*ii*S<«&^»iS«iiS(U.;»'!«5Sr«.«»« 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



41 



18 an autograph 
, dated Gordons- 
» me the disposi- 
determination to 
tefore it could be 
he Potomao." 
h the confederate 
of the Rapidan. 
le Rappahannock, 
ord on that river, 

to Kelly's Ford, 

rhey were ordered 

d to a fearful fire. 

address, and thoy 

[lie, continued the 
n the 24th partici- 
rloo Bridge. Our 
hich were brought 
shell took effect iu 
} belonging to the 
ly a few men were 

;ached as orderlies 
loe of the regiment 
28th Company M 
e main body of the 
id camped. 



Augutt 29th. To-day commenced what has generally 'jeen 
known as the second Battle of Bull Run, better named 
Groveton. The Rebels were in overwhelming force, driving 
Gen. Pope before them. Our lines fell back, and on the 80th 
the conflict was renewed on the field of the first Bull Run. 
The field though hotly contested, was again won by the enemy, 
and though not panic-stricken we were compelled to retreat. 
Gradually on the 31st our forces fell back toward Washington. 

September l$t. Generals Kearney and Stevens distin- 
guished themselves on the bloody field of Chantilly, and both 
lost their lives. The regiment reached Fairfax Court House. 

The retreat was continued and the regiment cajnped at 
the Arlington House on the 5th. !rhe Rebel army now 
moved into Maryland, and on the 17th and 19th was fought 
the memorable battle of Antietam. 

October Sth. Lt. Col. Johnstone with one hundred and ten 
men went out with the brigade on a reoonnoissance to the 
Rappahannock, returning, without meeting the enemy, on 
the 11th. 

October Ibth. Another expedition went ouv under Maj. 
Hammond, marching the firat day to Chantilly, then on to 
Aldie, White Plains, and back to Centreville on thvi 19th. 
During this expedition skirmishes were fought at Leesburg, 
Upperville and Thoroughfare Gap, ending with a running 
fight from Haymarket to Warrenton whither we drove the 

rcbols. 

On the 20th the regiment was ordered on picket at Chan- 
tilly, where it continued patrolling and picketing the 
country until the twenty-eighth, when it went to Centre- 
ville, and next dav to Manassas Junction and back to 
Chantilly. 



V 



H'\ 



ir 



I? 



•iMami:ms^'W^' 




-0M--' 



42 



Historic IIecouds. 



October SOlh. We patrolled to Pleasant Valley, and 
closed the month by picketing by detachments at Pollock's 
Church, Anandale and Centreville. This work wag very 
dull, and yet very wearing. The weather was becoming 
cold and unpleasant, and picketing and scouting were not 
very desirable. However, the month of November was 
wholly devoted to this work, so that there was scarcely a 
day of rest. The journal of movements runs as follows : on 
the first to Centreville ; second to Bull Run battle field and 
picket; third to Gainesville; fourth to Buckland Mills; fifth 
to New Baltimore and have a fight; sixth to Buckland 
Mills; leventh to Gainesville; eighth through Hopewell 
Gap, after a skirmish; ninth to Aldie and Middleburg; 
tenth to Hopewell Gap; eleventh through Thoroughfare 
Gap with a fight, and to Aldie; twelfth to Middleburg on 
patrol; thirteenth to Hopewell Gap; fourteenth to Aldie, 
where we rested on the fifteenth. Such was the cavalry 
service in those days. On the sixteenth we had a skirmish 
at Upporville, and returned to Hopewell Gap next day, and 
on to Chantilly the eighteenth. Here we met with a little 
rest, the monotony of which was broken by an expedition to 
the Blue Ridge and into the Shenandoah Valley and back. 
This expedition, in command of Gen. Stahel, commenced its 
march November 29th. The men of the Fifth New York 
Cavalry were commanded by Capt. Krom, Company G. In 
Snicker's Gap a Rebel picket was captured. On arriving at 
the Shenandoah river at Snicker's Ferry the Rebels annoyed 
our men and prevented rapid crossing, by firing from the 
houses beyond the river. Capt. Krom, with his men, 
dashed across the river, though the water was deep and the 
current swift. On reaching the bank the Rebels were 



:" ^?if.'iK^fe*^-^:!i*S':-'i**' 



iim--::m^'->-^-i^^^i^^'^'i^'^'^^^^^^^'^^'''^'^^' 



isant Valley, and 
ments at Pollock's 
tig work wag verj 
:,her was becoming 

scouting were not 
of November was 
lere was scarcely a 
runs as follows : on 
lun battle field and 
lokland MilU; fifth 
sixth to Buckland 
through Hopewell 
I and Middleburg; 
»ugh Thoroughfare 

to Middleburg on 
urteenth to Aldie, 
jh was the cavalry 

we had a skirmiRh 

Gap next day, and 
ne met with a little 

by an expedition to 
h Valley and back, 
ahel, commenced its 
he Fifth New York 
m, Company G. In 
red. On arriving at 
the Rebels annoyed 
, by firing from the 
)m, with his men, 
er was deep and the 
k the Rebels were 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



48 



furiously charged and driven. Our men pursued them at 
the utmost speed of their horses for about three miles, 
when they came upon the Rebel camps, which the enemy 
attempted to defend. Their effort failed. Our men being 
reenforoed, the enemy was beaten and fled, leaving in our 
hands one captain, two lieutenanto, thirty-two men, one 
stand of colors and several wagons, one of them filled with 
tents, and others with provisions. Several ambulances also 
were taken laden with articles which had been taken by 
White's men, in a recent raid into Poolsville, M..-yland. 
Sixty horses and fifty head of cattle were also captured in 
this gallant charge. The expedition returned on the 80th 
through Leesburg, Goose Creek, Broad Run to Chantilly. 

December 1«<. To our old duty again on picket until the 
4th, near Chantilly. On the 10th we picketed at Centre- 
ville, and did the same duty on the Bull Run battle field, 
on the 12th. Marched to Chantilly the 13th and picketed 
till the 28th. Being relieved from this duty, we were 
immediately sent on a scout to Union Mills and Fairfax 
Station, spending the night at Fairview. 

December 29lh. Stuart's raiders came through our lines 
and passed near our camp on their return. The regiment 
wa.s sent in pursuit. We followed them about six miles, 
but found their force too strong for us to attack. On the 
30th we returned to Chantilly on picket, and ended the 
year by falling back to Fairfax Court House, where the 
boys, actuated by mischief and with a desire of having 
something with which to celebrate the coming New Year, 
made a charge upon a sutler's shanty, which resulted in 
the capture of much spoil and in a general victory. 
The following correspondence will explain itself : 



■^^i^imss 



44 



Historic Records. 




2i> Catalrt Bbioadi, 8d Army Corpi^ 1 
Near Fort Scott, Va., Dersmbor 8d, 1862. > 

To Brig. Oen. John P. Hatch : 

General : The accompanying sabre is presented to you by 
the officers of the First Vermont and Fifth New York Cav- 
alry. 

We have served under you while you commanded the 
Cavalry in Virginia — a period of active operations and 
military enterprise — during which your courage and judg- 
ment inspired us with confidence, while your zeal and 
integrity have left us an example easier to be admired than 
imitated. 

We, who have passed with you beyond the Rapidan, and 
through Swift Run Gap, are best able to recognize your 
qualities as a commander. 

Accept, therefore. General, this testimonial of esteem, 
offered long after we were removed from your command, — 
when the external glitter of an ordinary man ceases to affect 
the mind, but when real worth begins to be appreciated. 

On behalf of the Officers of the Fifth New York. 

Robert Johnstone, 
Lt. Col. 5th New York Cavalry. 
Otweffo, N. r. Deo. 16th, 1862. 
To the Officers of the Fifth New York and First Vermont 
Regiments of Cavalry : 

Gentlemen : A very beautiful sabre, your present to my- 
self, has been received. I shall wear it with pride, and will 
never draw it but in an honorable cause. 

The very kind letter accompanying the sabre has caused 
emotions of the deepest nature. The assurance it gives 
of the confidence you feel in myself, and your approval of 



»-A~S*-.'*&'!'S-'%'«" 



rtirif*3a^s*feiS»at*«*Sa*'*^*^S'5**^^ 



i. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



46 



)■, 8d Army Corpi^ 1 
Dersmber 8d, 1862. > 

presented to you by 
ifth New York Cav- 



^oa commanded the 
tive operatiunB and 
ir courage and judg- 
'hile your zeal and 
r to be admired than 

nd the Rapidan, and 
lo to recognize your 

itimonial of esteem, 
im your command, — 
' man ceases to affect 
a be appreciated. 
1 New York. 
' Johnstone, 
Jew York Cavalry. 

r. Deo. 16th, 1862. 
k and First Vermont 



my course when in command of Banks' Cavalry, is particu- 
larly gratifying. You, actors with myself in those stirring 
Bconcs, are competent judges as to the propriety of my course, 
when it unfortunately did not meet with the approval of my 
superior; and your testimony, so handsomely expressed, 
artcr time has allowed opportunity for reflection, more than 
compensates for the mortification of that moment. 

I have watched with pride the movements of your regi- 
ments, since my separation from you. When a telegram 
has announced that " in a Cavalry fight, the edge of the sabre 
was successfully used, and the enemy routed," the further 
announcement that the Fifth New York and First Vermont 
were engaged, was unnecessary. 

Accept my kindest wishes for your ftiture success, — 
sharp sabres and a trust in Providence, will enable you to 
secure it in the field. 

Very truly, my friends, 

Your obedient Servant 

John P. Hatch, 
Brigadier General. 



your present to my- 
1; with pride, and will 
le. 

the sabre has caused 
e assurance it gives 
nd your approval of 



ai»" 







cnAPTER rv. 

Mosby, the OiierriUs — His men Picketing Against him at Chan- 

tilly. — Building Winter Quarters at Qerraantown. — Descrip- 
tion. — MoBby at Fairfax Court House. — Fight at Chantilly.— 
At Warrenton Junction. — Cougralulatory Order of Command- 
ing General. — Fight at Greenwich. — Capture of a Howitser. — 
Gallant Conduct of Lieut. Barker. — Jan. lit to June lith, 1868. 

The campaign of 1862 had ended, and the two great armies 
had constructed their winter quarters facing each other, 
al' be line of the Rappahannock, the Rebels occupying 
tl '\ bank above and below the heights of Fredericks- 

burg, and the Federals stretching .(heir camps for man; 
miles on the northern shore above and below Falmouth. 
Between this line and that uf the defenses of Washington 
lies a vast territory, which abounds in creeks, marshes, deep, 
sombre forests, with only here and there a village or settle- 
ment. A little to the west runs the chain of the Bull Run 
Mountains, with their ravines and caverns. This is a very 
fit hiding place for guerrillas and bushwhackers, who, in con-, 
siderable numbers, infest the country, and commit their 
depredations on our lines. These guerrillas consist mostly 
of farmers and mechanics, residents of this region of country, 
who are exempt from the Rebel conscription. They gene- 
rally follow their usual avocation during the day, and congre- 
gate at certain localities at night ready for any work proposed 



Ml 



-V- '■..i/>-.r-s^-'' 



:; v,^ f« t.***,-. f.<^:tA.in-- ,>>a:.i*s3:Sa.:.^A«W»v.-.^«a:«.iaJi8K-»?*i6S^^ 



40l\ 



J. 

ing Against him at Chan- 
SerinantowD. — Desorip- 
— Fight at Chantilljr.— 
ry Order of Command- 
apture of a Howitier. — 
. Ui to JuM lith, 1868. 

id the two great armies 
rs facing each other, 
the Rebels occupying 
beights of Fredericks- 
heir camps for manj 
alid below Falmouth. 
efcDses of Washington 
creeks, marshes, deep, 
ere a village or settle- 
shain of the Bull Run 
'ems. This is a very 
whackers, who, in con-- 
ry, and commit their 
lerrillas consist mostly 
this region of country, 
loription. They gene- 
ng the day, and congre- 
for any work proposed 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



47 



by their leader, though each is often found to act quite 
inde|H!udently of the rest. Their commander-in-chief is 
John S. Moeby, who, aa a Rebel soldier who had known him 
from childhood up informed the writer, had always been a 
sort of guerrilla — deserting from his homo in mere boyhood 
— fighting duels as a pastime — rowing the country far and 
wide in search of pleasure or profit — andfiudingnow hischicf 
delight in the adventures of guerrilla life. Under such 
ifuJorship this guerrilla force has become very formidable, 
mid a strong picket line was necessary at some distance from 
the defenses of Washington. 

January 1»<, 1868. The regiment celebrated this anni- 
versary by marching from Fairfax Court House to Chantilly, 
and was there posted .u picket, to guard against the incur- 
sions of M' y and his gang. The peculiar nature of the 
force opposed to us requires special pains in the picketing. 
The main reserve, established from one to two miles from 
the line of videttes, is so situated as to be within easy striking 
distance of each picket relief — at least when this can be 
done — so as to render speedy assistance in case of an attack 
on any portion of the line. 

The boys will not soon forget the dreary, dangerous hours 
they spent along this picket line. In fancy they will see 
themselves shivering around a miserable fire among the 
plies, compelled often to sit or lie down in mow or mud. 
In this plight they hear the summons to be ready to stand 
post. Mounted upon their shivering horses, the poor fel- 
lows with nothing cheering but their courage, go out to sit 
in the saddle for two hours, facing the biting wind, and 
peering through the storm of sleet, snow or rain, which pelts 
them in the face mercilessly. Happy if the guerrilla does 



■ir 






i 

w 



I 









4iS-j«?,«»! 



fe.^|teS^iii&->fe|*«S^^**^;i«*'^*siB'«^9'fe*-'''' 



ai 






48 



Historic Records. 



iWI 



IS! 



not creep through bushes impenetrable to the sight, to in- 
flict his cruel blows. The two hours expired, relief come? 
and the vidette returns to spend his four, six, or eight 
hours off duty as best he may. 

January bth. At a post called Frying Pan, the pickets 
were attacked by guerrillas, and quite a number of men 
were captured. The nature of the country is such as to 
afford the enemy the greatest possible advantage. Deep 
ravines, skirted by massive foliage summer and winter, give 
him shelter, while his knowledge of every road and foot- 
path gives him a fine opportunity to escape with his booty 
in case of pursuit. 

January Qth. Several men were captured and one wounded 
on picket near Cub Run. The guerrillas are very active. 
The utmost vigilance on our part cannot secure us perfectly 
from their depredations. The only way to rid ourselves of 
this plague would be to scour the entire country with a 
large force, arrest every male inhabitant able to carry a 
musket, and burn to the ground every building, including 
housf- where these bushwhackers reside or find refuge. To 
so stern a punishment, falling upon innocent and guilty 
with like terror, the government is not willing to resort. 
If the war is to continue long this would prove to be true 
policy, saving the lives of many of our brave boys. 

January 10th. From the Chaotilly mansion, owned by 
one of the Stuarte, the regiment moved to Germantown, 
pitching camp on a pine-covered knoll. The streets are 
laid out quite regularly by companies, a space averaging 
about 25 or 30 feet being occupied by each company. Tho 
men construct ptockades of logs about 3 feet high, on which 
they place their tents, called A tents, on account of resem- 



j^..^^; _:_^ .^.-.j^ i*,^^,ii^_^j... ^j^^- .,^^ -^.-^'i.';iS':..^d^-4ii^'^:M3!h^'t^^- ihiS^M 



to the sight, to in- 
cpired, relief come? 
four, six, or eight 

g Pan, the picketa 
a number of men 
tntry is such as to 
advantage. Deep 
ler and winter, give 
very road and foot- 
eape with his booty 

ed and one wounded 
las are very active. 

secure us perfectly 
■ to rid ourselves of 
ire country with a 
ant able to carry a 

building, including 
I or find refuge. To 
nnocent and guilty 
t willing to resort, 
lid prove to be true 
brave boys, 
mansion, owned by 
ed to Germantown, 
1. The streets are 
, a space averaging 
ach company. Tho 
feet high, on which 
□ account of reseni- 




m. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



49 



blauce to that letter. Chimneys are made of stone, or of 
bricks found in the remains of destroyed houdes in the 
neighborhood, and sometinaes of sticks of wood carefully 
laid in mud, which is by no means very inferior mortar. 
With this material the crevices of the stockades are also 
vfell plastered, making the soldier's cabin quito tight and 
\sarm, if he is not too idle to supply himself amply with 
i'uel. In front of the tents is a street which has to bo 
corduroyed or it will become impassable for mud, and just 
across the street are the stables for *he horses. These are 
u.sually covered with a thick thatchirg of pine boughs, which 
atiord a tolerable shelter for the cavalryman's crusty friend 

January 11th. The regiment went on a scouting party 
to Brentaville, and returned by way of Bristoe Station and 
Manassas Junction. 

January 12lh. A false alarm aroused the entire camp, 
which consists of a brigade of cavalry, composed of the 
First Virginia (Union), Eighteenth Pennsylvania aud Fifth 
New York regiments of cvalry. 

January l%th. Another false alarm disturbed our usual 
rest; and before quieting down again we were sent on 
picket, to remain about five days. We were relieved on 
the 17th. 

January llth. Sergt. Maj. Oall and 1st Sergt. Bryant, 
Company G, went to Buckland Mills with a flafc of truce. 

January 20th. Companies E and Or went on picket at 
Frying Pan, dismounted, that they might be the better 
prepared for guerillas should they appear. 

January 94th. The same companies were ordered out 
on a scouting party to Ilerndon Station, and captured a 



m 



m 









m.;-»Jf^^^m 



.,4l^j^^i0^Z%f^jfili^S4i-^%i-*-*^^ -^ ■*- ^1*^''a^^ -^sb. 



50 



Hif-TORio Records. 



sutler's wagon, which was being smuggled iu«) the Rebel 
lines, and some prisoners. 

January 2Qth. ^losby made an attack on the 18th Pa. 
on picket near Chautilly Church, capturing 11. The Fifth 
N. Y. was sent in pursuit of the guerrillas. Having reached 
Middleburg, Maj. Hammond, in command, ordered a charge 
through the town, which was executed handsomely and with 
entire success, resulting in the capture of 25 prisoners 
and the scattering of Mosby's men. The entire party, save 
one man captured, returned safely to camp, after a journey 
of 84 miles. 

January 29<A. We resumed picketing this morning, 
only a small portion of the regiment remaining in camp. 

January 30<A. The regiment was relieved from picket 
until further orders. The object, doubtless, is to give us other 
work to do. 

February 2d. We were ordered out on a. scout. Passed 
through Centreville about sundown. Followed the pike 
over the Bull Run battle field, by Gainesville and New Balti- 
more, arriving at Warrenton, as the town clock struck 12 
of the night. No force of the enemy was found in town. 
One hundred muskets were captured and destroyed. Patrols 
were sent to Waterloo Bridge and Sulphur Springs. The 
country appeared to be clear of the enemy. Having accom- 
plished the object of our scout we returned to camp, after 
a cold, dreary journey. 

February 9th. The regiment was again sent out to scout 
the country. At Bristoe Station companies F and H, with 
Capt. Penfield in command, vere sent to Warrenton. On 
their way at New Baltimore they encountered quite a force 
of the enemy, with which they had a spirited skirmish, 



i^t^M«&W*«&W^SW(«fe»*<rfSfi^feS^^ 



:::H^\^V- 



Fifth New York Cayalry. 



61 



led iuM) the Rebel 

k on the 18th Pa. 
ng 11. The Fifth 
a. Having reached 
1, ordered a charge 
ndsomely and vith 
e of 25 prisoners 
I entire party, save 
np, after a journey 

jng this morning, 
oining in camp, 
lieved from picket 
a, is to give us other 

)n A scout. Passed 
Followed the pike 
rille und New Balti- 
wn clock struck 12 
foa found in town, 
destroyed. Patrols 
bur Springs. The 
ly. Having acoom- 
rned to camp, after 

in sent out to scout 
lies F and H, with 
:o Warrenton. On 
ntered quite a force 
I spirited skirmish, 



which Kas repeated but with less energy at Warrenton, 
next day. The main body of the regiment on the 10th 
Jiove in the enemy's pickets near Spotted Tavern, where 
they captured two prisoners. 

February \ith. The regiment moved to within four 
iiiilo-s of Falmouth, and then turned northward throughT 
Stafford Court House. It pursued its journey through 
Dumfries, Wolf Run Shoals, Fairfax Station and Court 
House, reaching camp on the 13th, after a very fatiguing 
journey. 

February \%th. Company G was sent on a scout to Hern- 
don Station. 

February 2lst. Rec«ived orders to resume picket duty. 

February 25(h. During the night the 18th Penn. lost 
twenty men and thirty horses on picket, by Mosby. 

February 2Qth. Major Bacon, with one hundred and fifty- 
one men, started on a scout, passing through Centreville. 
Not being able to oross the Bull Run bridge, he returned to 
Centreville, wher were rendezvoused other cavalry. 

Februari/ 21th. The whole .imnand under Col. Wynd- 
ham m< to Hcaleton Station and thence to Falmouth. 

The going <s horribly muddy, many horses trivii ' out by 
the way. This was tlio mos^t remarkable 1 ituie of the 
expedition. After r in? ourselves aitJ animals for a few 
(Jays at Falmouth, the exp iition retun.. 1 to camp by way 
uf SUifford Court House and Wolf Run Shoals, arriving 
March 3d, very much exhausted. 

March 1st. Capt. Farley with ?■ my two men was sent 
on a Bcout to Aldie, and returned without meeting the 
enemy. 

March 9lh. About three o'clock 
5 



!-:V: 



A. M Mosby and his 



fa, 



■-iMSiim^H>>^^i^ 



62 



Historic Records 



II 



'• IP * 



» 



gang, led by Sergeant J. F. Ames,' formerly of company L, 
of this regiment, having safely passed by the pickets, 
entered Fairfax Court House. Without scarcely firing a shot, 
they captured fifty fine horses and about thirty prisoners, 
including Brig. Gen. Stoughton, and Capt. Barker, Fifth 
New York Cavalry. The brigade was sent in pursuit of 
the dashing party, each regiment taking different routes j 
but they returned at night unsuccessful, the Fifth New 
York having gone to Herndon Station. Such a raid, five 
or six miles within our lines, resulting in such a heavy loss 
to us, reflects very uncreditably upon some of our military 
leaders, while it shows how wily a foe we have to contend 
wi' a. It ia thought that not a few of the inhabitants of 
the region are more or less engaged in the business of giv- 
ing Mosby important information, which lays the founda- 
tion of his success. 

March \2.th. We sent two hundred men on picket, 
averaging the number fro-j; the dififerent companies. . 

March lith. Maj. White with first battalion went out at 
night as a reserve for the pickets. We are almost constantly 
on duty. One small brigade of cavalry is doing the duty 
t^at one division should do. 

March \bth. We moved our camp a little below Fairfax 
Court House on a fine elevation, which overlooks the sur- 
rounding country. Before night snow and hail began to fall, " 
and a terrible night was experienced. The mercury at 5 
p. M. stood at 28° 30'. 

March 18/A. The regiment went on picket for 24 hours. 




j.S«tl^. 



»Ame8, after deserting to Mosbj, was called Big Yankee. 
He became efficient for the UebcU and was finally killed. 



■*!<!!!«» ■S»*S'*»'»8f^*t' 



aaerly of company L, 
ed by the picketa, 
scarcely firing a shot, 
out thirty prisoners, 
Capt. Barker, Fifth 
IS sent in pursuit of 
ng different routebj 
sful, the Fifth New 
1. Such a raid, five 
in such a heavy losa 
some of our military 
we have to contend 
)f the inhabitants of 
the business of gir- 
lich lays the fouuda- 

red men on picket, 
nt companies. . 
battalion went out at 
are almost constantly 
iry is doing the duty 

little below Fairfax 
ih overlooks the sur- 
nd hail began to fall, ' 
I, The mercury at 5 

I picket for 24 hours. 

i8 called Big Yankee. 
B finnlty killed. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



68 



March 1M. Wont out on picket again. About 5 P. M. 
Mosby made an attack on the pike, introducing himself 
liy Hhooling the first vidette he came to through the head. 
The main reserve being alarmed, fo.med and pursued this 
lorce about three miles. Here a barricade of trees is 
thrown across the road, back of which the guerrillas had 
iormed themselves. Our column was stopped by a fire of 
carbines and pistols, and by a flank fire from the woods. 
At this inopportune moment the Rebels made a charge, 
which broke our column. Our boys were then driven back 
furiously. Some horses giving out, the hapless riders were 
captured. By the heroic exertions of Major White and 
the arrival of the reserve from Frying Pan, the boys were 
rallied and the Rebels again driven back, and pursued for 
eight miles. But they escaped after inflicting upon us very 
serious injury. For some reason the regiment never acted 
with so little concert, and was never so badly beaten by so 
small a force, supposed to be about eighty strong. Every 
one felt mortified at the result of this day's work, and 
resolved to retrieve our fortunes on some more fortunate 

occasion. 

March ^hth. Maj. G*n. Stahel took command of this 
cavalry division, composed of three brigades. The third 
bvi-ade is composed of the 1st Vir9;inia, 18th Pennsylvania 
and Fifth New York. 

March Tith. We went on picket with Maj. Bacon for 

2 \ hours. 

March^Oth. Picket duty again with Maj. White. 

April M. Maj. Bacon went out again with the regiment 
on picket. The three rt^'imenta of the brigade do picket 
duty by turn, being on duty one day and off two. 



lif% 



i 



i?»ii 



fii 



1*1 

f ! 



m. 



WM 



■i^S 



iw» 




64 



Historic Kbcoeds. 





April Gth. We sent out one hundred men for picket. 

April 12tL The 3d brigade paraded for piuster, under 
orders from Col. De Forest, who was assigned to the com- 
mand as acting brigadier general, the seventh inst. His 
command appeared well on parade. He rides his htr"-* 
beautifully, and presents a very soldierly bearing. 

April nth. The 18th Pennsylvania was transferred to the 
2d brigade, and the Ist Virginia, with which we were eo 
often associated in 1862, waa trancferred to the 3d brigade. 

April ISth. Our' brigade made a reconnoissance to Cat- 
lett's fStation. 

April 21tt. The regiment received the new and beautiful 
flag, ordered for us by the city of New York, in November, 
1862. For some rea»)n unknown to us, it has been long 
delayed. 

April 2Tth. Gen. Stahel, with the 2d and 3d brigades and 
a ;;jrht battery of four guns, moved out about 6 A. M. on a 
reconuoissance. As each regiment wended its way from its 
camp to Fairfax Court House, the place of concentration, 
presenting the appearance of a vast serpent, winding ita 
folds through ita accustomed path among the hills, the 
morning sunlight fell with magical effect upon the scene, 
producing an impression which the beholder does not soon 
forget. The force moved on to two piiles beyond Middle- 
burg. 

AprU 2Sth. The regiment being detaohed, moved out two 
miles, sent patrols to Upperville, and rejoined the division, 
with which we moved to Rectortown, Salem, White Plains, 
and back to Middleburg. Thirty-five prisoners were 
captured, mostly guerrillas of Mosby's gang. 

April 29th. The division moved east of Aldie and 



i*fefc«-i:W:i^Atf-s*i&c^s#ai#KkH5§ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



55 



len for picket, 
for muster, under 
signed to the com- 
eventh inst. His 
[e rides his h?r"'> 
bearing. 

i transferred to the 
irhich we were so 
to the 3d brigade, 
moissance to Cat- 
new and beautiful 
ork, in November, 
it has been long 

ad 8d brigades and 
nbout 6 A. M. on a 
ed ite way from its 
I of concentration, 
rpent, winding its 
ong the hills, the 
3t upon the scene, 
}lder does not soon 
es beyond Middle- 

led, moved out two 
oined the division, 
lem. White Plains, 
e prisoners were 

mg- 

aat of Aldie and 



bivouacked for a few hours. After dark we moved back to 
our camps at Fairfax Court House, arriving after midnight. 
The boys made the old hills ring with shouts of delight on 
returning to their tented homes. 

May Ut. Col. De Forest, with the 3d brigade, moved to 
Bristoe Station. The command had two days' rations. 

Mat/ 2d. The regiment was ordered to reconnoitre as far 
as Rappahannock Station; and having accomplished ita 
task, returned to Warrenton Junction. 

Mai/ Sd. At an early hour the Ist Virginia cavalry, 
while feeding and watering their horses, were surprised by 
a force of Rebels, consisting of detachments of the Black 
Horse Cavalry, Mosby's and other guerrilla forces, with 
Mosby commanding in person. Our boys, being thus dis- 
mounted, fled to a house near by, where they fought with 
terrible earnestness, but to great disadvantage. All eflforts 
of Mosby to make them surrender were in vain. Finding 
that he could not intimidate them with bullets, he ordered 
the torch to be applied, and the house was set on fire. At 
this critical moment, the Fifth New York, which had bivou- 
acked in a grove at a short distance from the scene of action, 
with Maj. Hammond commanding in person, descended Jike 
an avalanche upon the guerrillas. Mosby was heard to 
exclaim, " My God ! it is the Fifth New York !" A hand 
to hand encounter now took place, where Yankee sabres 
were used with fearful effect, and soon the Rebels broke p j. 
fled, entirely demoralized and panic-stricken. Gen. Str jcI, 
in his dispatch to Gen. Heintzelman, says : " The Rebels, who 
fled in the direction of Warrenton, were pursued by Maj. 
Hammond, Fifth New York Cavalry, who has returned and 
reports our charge at Warrenton Junction a» being so terrific 



I J^SS^f- •- '•fe#.«».*iJ-i.U*s«5*r« 




Il 




56 



Historic Recoiids. 



as to have thoroughly routed and scattered them in every 
direction. I have sent in 23 prisoners of Mvisby's command, 
all of whom are wounded — the greater part of them badly. 
Dick Moran (a notorious bushwhacker) is among the number. 
There are also three oflScers of Mosby'a. The loss of the 
enemy was very heavy in killed besides many wounded, who 
scattered and prevented capture. I have no hopes of the 
recovery of Maj, Steele,' of the 1st Virginia. Our loss is 
one killed and fourteen wounded." 

Tenipleton, a Rebel spy, was killed. In the Richmond 
Sentinel of May 16th, we find this interesting notice of the 
fight : — " About the Ist of May, near Warrenton Junction, 
Mosby, with his company, fell in with the First Virginia 
regiment, so called, which haa been a long time looking for 
him. A fight ensued, which resulted in the capture of the 
whole regiment. As Mosby was making off with his prize, 
however, the First Vermont^ and Fifth New York beset 
him and recaptured the Virginia Yankees. Mosby's loss 
was small, and he wanta to know whether the First Virginia 
is looking fo. him again." 

The following Complimentary Order was issued: 

Head Qrs. Stahel's Cavalry Division, 'X 

Department of Washington, V 

Fairfax Court Uotue, May 6, 1863. J 

Special Obdbbb No. 30. 
When soldiers perform brave deeds a proper acknowledg- 
ment of their services is justly their due. The commanding 



> He was a noble officer and a splendid soldier. His wound 
proved mortal. His funeral services were attended with military 
honors, Sunday, May 31 gt, 

' The First Veiinont was not engaged. 



K-*x:-,-.>-£„v-^-.ii%-n-'i6Ti:'piiis>'''i^ifi^ 



Fifth New Yoek Cavalry. 



67 



red thorn in every 
Mvwbj's command, 
art of them badly, 
mongthe number. 
The I088 of the 
any wounded, who 
e no hopes of the 
inia. Our loss is 

In the Richmond 
sting notice of the 
arrenton Junction, 
the First Virginia 
ig time looking for 
the capture of the 
J off with his prize, 
1 New York beset 
ees. Mosby's loss 
r the First Virginia 

'as issued : 

VAIBY Division, ) 
t of Washington, !■ 
M«, May 6, 1863. J 

proper acknowledg- 
The commanding 

ioldier. His wound 
;euded with military 



general therefore desires to express his gratification at the 
oonduot of the officers and men of Col. De Forest's oom- 
maud, who were engaged in the fight at Warrenton Junction, 
on Sunday, May 8d, 1863. By your promptness and 
gallantry the gang of guerrillas who have so long infested 
the vicinity, has been badly beaten and broken up. The 
heavy loss of the enemy in killed, wounded and prisoners, 
proves the determination of your resistance and the vigor of 
your attack. 

Deeds like this are worthy of emulation and give strength 
and confidence to the command. 

By command of 

Maj. Gen. StaheIi. 
Henry Baldwin, Jr., Major and A. A. O. 

This order was followed by another of similar import by 
Maj. Gen. Heintiolman, commanding the department. 

May Sth. Gapt. Mo Masters, with six men, was attacked 
and pursued by a squad df the Black Horse Cavalry, while 
on his way from the picket lines to Fairfax Court House. 
One of his men was captured, and another, Sergt. Mur- 
phy, Company C, was drowned while endeavoring to ford 
Bull Run. 

May 11th. \ scouting party of the regiment went to 
Eappahannock Station. They saw a few Rebels, but had no 
encounter with them. 

May 15th. The pickets were driven in by the enemy, 
with some confusion. Bands of guerrillas like so many 
ravenous beasts and birds of prey, hover around our lines, 
attacking wherever an opportunity offers plunder. 

May Ibth. We were ordered to Kettle Run, a little 



Ml 






^^g^^^i^i^e^te^;j2J8^^ ' 




68 



Historic Records. 




south of Bristoe Station, and wo camped along the rail 
road. 

May VJih. A scouting party, under Capt. Ilasbrouck, 
wentto Brentsville, and toward Dumfries, and returned with- 
out meeting any force of the enemy. 

May 2bth. While the main portion of the regiment wqb 
picketing along the rail road a sufficient number of men 
remained in cump to care for it. To-day the camp vian 
moved about a half mile north into a piece of woods, with » 
clean, grassy field just in front. 

Mat/ 30<A. Between seven and eight o'clock a. m. the 
cavalry pickets and reserves were startled by artillery firing, 
just below them on the rail road. A train laden with 
rations and forage had passed on its way to the Rappahan- 
nock, but a few moments before. It was soon ascertained 
that the guerrillas had carefully unfastened one of the iron 
rails, in the woods, and by means of a wire fastened to it, 
and extended at some distance fiom the road, a man had 
drawn the rail out of place just as the engine was approach- 
ing it, and thus stopped the whole train. A mountain how- 
itzer had been placed in position, which immediately 
plunged a shell through the train. The infantry guard ou 
board the train fled in confusion, leaving the whole ground 
to the Rebels, who destroyed the train by fire. But the 
cavalry had been aroused, and detachments of the First 
Vermont and Fifth New York, each in separate routes, 
commenced a vigorous pursuit of the enemy. Mosby, who 
commanded in person, did not anticipate so sudden an attack 
as was made. The detachment of the Fifth, after going 
about two miles, came within range of the howitzer, which 
sent a shill, that exploded in the midst of the solid column. 



'Ah' 



K>s&S**iSiw* -■ - =,i>4i&^B«*i^®««fefe««*»sfe'^^ 




3. 

upcd aloDg the rail 

r Gapt. Ilasbrouck, 
H, and returned with- 

of the regiment was 
iunt number of men 
o-day the camp wan 
ioce of woods, with a 

ght o'clock A. M. the 
ed by artillery firing, 
A train laden with 
fay to the Rappahan- 

was soon ascertained 
«ned one of the iron 
L wire fastened to it, 
the road, a man had 
engine was approach- 
n. A mountain how- 

which immediately 
he infantry guard ou 
ng the whole ground 
in by fire. But the 
jhments of the First 
I in separate routes, 
enemy. Mosby, who 
t« so sudden an attack 
he Fifth, after going 
f the howitzer, which 
t of the solid column. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



6» 



Fortunately no one was hurt, except that Lieut. Bouteile, 
('umpany A, was suddenly dismounted by the killing of his 
hurse. The nature of the ground was unfavorable for u 
cavalry charge. The enemy, however, showed no disposi- 
tion to fight but fled toward Warronton as rapidly as possible, 
firing an occasional shot, but without inflicting injury. 
Eagerly the boys spurred on their chargers, and were soou 
joined by the Vermonters, who added fresh excitement to 
the pursuit. The Rebels, finding themselves too closely 
t'ullowed, and knowing that something desperate must bo 
done, suddenly turning at the head of a narrow lane, brought 
their artillery into position and commenced firing. " That 
gun must bo silenced or captured," cried Lieut. Barker, 
of Company H, "an J who will volunteer to charge it with 
me?" About thirty brave men promptly responded, and 
suiting the action to the words, " charge, boys !" he rushed 
furiously forward at their head, but rell severely wounded 
before a murderous discharge of grape and canister, which 
killed three men and wounded several others. But before 
the piece could be reloaded the surviving comrades were 
crossing sabres with the gunners over the gun. The con- 
flict was a fierce one, but of short duration; the boys in blue 
retaking the twelve pound howitzer, which had been cap- 
tured by the Rebels from the lamented Col. Baker at Ball's 
Bluff. Among the enemy's wounded and captured was a 
Capt. Haskins, formerly in high rank in the British army, 
who had run the blockade and espoused the Rebel cause, 
lie received his death wound as follows : Having wounded 
Geo. H. Jenkins, private of Company F, he loughly cried 
out, " Surrender, you damned Yankee." " I will see you 
damned first," was Jenkins' characteristic reply, at the 



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ume time lodging a piiitol ball in the captain'n neck. The 
Uebols were completely routed, and pursued as far us the 
jaded condition of our horHes would permit. In the corre- 
spondence of Mr. George H. Hart, we find the followini; 
quotable sentence : " The troops fought gallantly, and the 
Fifth New York ably suHtained its claim to the title of the 
Fighting Fif^h; nor were the First Vermonters behind- 
hand." 

This engagement has been known as the battle of Green- 
wich, from a little village near by, bearing that name. 

Jwic lOth. Adjutant Gail, with a small party, encoun- 
tered a squad of Mosby's men at Middleburg and captured 
Lieut. Turner in command. 

June lith. Tho regiment returned to camp at Fairfax 
Court House, from Kettle Run, and awaited further orders. 









>8. 

captain'd neok. The 
pursued aa far as the 
irmit. In the corre- 
we find the foUowini; 
ht gallantly, and the 
Im to the title of the 
Vermontera behinJ- 

8 the battle of Green- 
ring that name, 
small party, encoun- 
dloburg and captured 

d to camp at Fairfax 
raited further orders. 



CHAPTER V. 

Oen Lee Inrsdes Maryland and PennBylvania—Breaking Camp 
«t Fairfax Court House.- Fidelity of the Home.- March OTer 
Hull Ran Battle Field.— Reorganiiation of the Caynlry Corps — 
Kilpntriok in Command of the Third Diyision.- Cavalry Battle 
of llnnover, Pennsylvania.- Battle of Gettysburg, Ihird Day.- 
Aiiack on Rebel Train in Monterey Pass.- Battle of Hagers- 
,„„„_ Battle of Boonsboro'.- Attack ou Rear Guard of Rebel 
Army at Falling Waters.— The Invaders Expelled from Free 
Soil. June nth to July Uth, ISeS. 

The disastrous battle of Chancellorsville bad been fought 
and Gen. Lee resolved upon a grand invasion of the north- 
em states. His intention was fairly understood in the 
early days of June. It now became necesnary to concentrate 
w> large a force as possible to meet and drive back the invad- 
ers. Consequently General Stahel's cavalry division was 
detached from the defenses of Washington, to be incorpo- 
rated into the great Army of the Potomac. 

June mh. Orders for breaking up camp were received 
and the work immediately commenced. Surplus baggage, 
which always accumulates during winter quarters, was put 
into parcels and sent to our northern homes, by express, or 
boxed up to be sent to Alexandria for storage, under the 
charge of the quartermaster of that post. This done, our 
t«nts°were soon struck and sent to the rearwith the baggage, 
and we were left to bivouac as best we could, until the 



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Historic Records. 




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orders to march should he received. To the young soldier 
this was a new era in military li*";. Wa tec* now is bounded 
only by the far off horizon, and covered by the canopy of 
heaven. Rolled up in his woolen blanket or rubier poncho, 
having sought the shelter of a leafy tr^e (if such a desirab'o 
spot was accessible), he lies down with a stone, or, perhaps, 
his saddle for a pillow, while his faithful horse stands as a 
watchful guardian by his side. It is often the case, that a 
cavalryman htfsuothing to hitch his ho^se to but his own hand, 
and though the animal will walk all around him, eating tLo 
grass U8 far as he can reach, yet it is worthy of note, that an 
inftance can scarcely be found where the horse has been 
known tj step upon his master, 

Jinie 21st. The regiment moved with the division abont 
noon on the Little Kiver turnpike. Passed through Cen- 
treville, and over the Bull Run battle field, the aceldama 
of America. Evidences of the terrible conflict of the past 
are still visible on every hand. Unexploded shells and 
pieces, solid shot, broken muskets, and remains of gun- 
carriages, graves, and bones of unburied heroes, tell their 
sad stories as we pass. A skull is kicked along by the 
horses as they move over the muddy way I No one seems to 
care much about it, for worse sights have so often been 
seen before. 

After passing through Gainesville, wo bivouacked near" 
Buckland Mills. 

June 22d. The line of march was resumed with the 
early simlight, passing through New Baltimore, and arriv- 
ing at the beautiful village of Warrcnton about noon. No 
force of the enemy was here encountered, as had been 
expected. Small scouting parties were sent out in various 









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BS. 

To the young soldier 
!3 ttic* now is bounded 
3red by the canopy of 
iket or rubier poncho, 
•« (if such & desirable 
li a stone, or, perhaps, 
hful horse stands as a 
1 often the case, that a 
se to but his own hand, 
round him, eating the 
rorthy of note, that an 
re the horse has been 

ith the division abont 
Passed through Ceo- 
;tlp field, the aceldama 
blc conflict of the past 
Fnexploded shells and 
and remains of gun- 
iried heroes, tell their 
) kicked along by the 
my ! No one seems to 
have so often been 

, we bivouacked near" 

ras resumed with the 
Baltimore, and arriv- 
iton about noon. No 
intered, as had been 
ere sent out in various 



Fifth New York Cavalry, 



63 



directions, arJ the division bivouacked for the afternoon and 
night in the fields adjacent to tlie town. 

June 2M. Journeyed back to Ifairfax Court House after 
making quit« a halt at Gainesville to issue rations, and rest 
our animals. It was after midnight when we arrived. 

June 24th. Division moved about 3 p. M. toward Lces- 
burg, stopping for the night about one mile beyond Draines- 
ville. 

June 25th. The march was resumed at an early hour. 
A little beyond Broad Run the column turned to the right, 
striking the Potomac a little below Edward's Ferry, where 
we forded. On reaching the Maryland shore, the 3d brig- 
ade with a section of the 9th Michigan battery and one 
brigade of infantry, was stnt to Poolsville, and thence by 
MoDocacy Ford to Licksville, where we bivouacked. 

June 2Gth. This force moved on to Adamstown, Jefferson, 
Birkinsville, through Cramj^/con's Gap, where the infantry 
and artillery remained, though the cavalry ipoved on near 
Rhorersville, where we spent the night. 

June 27th. The brigade moved at 4 P. M. to Birkinsville, 
Middletown, Frederick City, and three miles and a half 
north on the Emmettaburgh road, where we bivouacked 
with the remainder of the division, at daybreak. 

June 2Sth. Gen. Pleasanton reviewed the division, and 
reorganized the entire force. We are now the Third 
Division of the Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, with 
il>e gallant Kilpatrick in command. The first brigade 
consists of the Ist Vermont, Ist Virginia, 18th Pennsylva- 
nia and 5th New York, Brig. Gen. Farnsworth command- 
ing. Brig. Gen. Custer commands the 2d brigade, com- 
posed of Michigan regimenta. 
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HisTOKic Records. 



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Gen. Buford commands the first division and Gei,. Gregg 
the second division; the whole force forming the most 
eflBcient cavalry corps ever organized on this continent. 
To-day Gen. Meade superseded Gen. Hooker in the com- 
mand of the Army of the Potomac. 

June 29th. At 10 A. M., with its new commander, the 
division moved to Pennsylvania, passing through Walkers- 
vi'.le, Woodsboro', Ladiesville, Mechanicsville, Taneytown, 
and finally Littlestown, Pa., where we were received with 
the greatest demonstrations of joy by the people. A large 
group of children, on the balcony of a hotel, waving hand- 
kerchiefs and flags, greeted us with patriotic songs, while 
the men made the welkin ring with their cheers. How 
different was such reception from that we had been accus- 
tomed to have given us by the inhabitants of Virginia, 
villages ! 

June 30th. The column moved early to Hanover, whore 
wo were again enthusiastically received by the citizeni^, wiio 
furnished refreshments liberally to the troopers, as each regi- 
ment entered and passed through the town. This enjoyable 
state of things continued until about 10 o'clock ; and while 
the Fifth was receiving the attentions of the people, the 
sudden report of a cannon was heard from one of the neigh- 
boring hills. At first this was taken as a friendly salute 
for our troops, but the deception was soon removed by a. 
fierce charge of Rebel cavalry under immodiate command of 
Gen. Stuart, upon the unsuspecting coiui m in the street, 
sending terror to the people, especially to the dies and chil- 
dren, who were paying their compliments to thir defenders. 
With his accustomed coolness and bravery, Ma, Hammond, 
in command of the regiment, quickly withdrew from the 



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ision and Gei,. Gregg 
forming the most 
on this continent. 

Hooker in the corn- 
new commander, the 
ng through Walkers- 
aicsville, Taneytown, 
3 were received with 
the people. A large 
I hotel, waving hand- 
patriotic songs, while 
i their cheers. How 
t we had been accug. 
ibitants of Virginia . 

y to Hanover, where 
1 by the citizeniS, who 
troopers, as each ragi- 
own. This enjoyable 
10 o'clock ; and while 
as of the people, the 
rom one of the neigh- 
1 as a friendly salute 
5 soon removed by a 
mediate command of 
coiui 1 in the street, 
to the jies and chil- 
ita toth. ir defenders, 
ery, Maj Hammond, 
withdrew from the 



Fifth New York Cavalrt. 



65 



street to the open field near the rail road depot, ordered the 
boj8 into line and led the charge upon the Pebels, who 
then possessed the town. The charging columns met on 
Frederick street, where a hand to hand conflict ensued. 
For a few momenta the enemy made heroic resistance, but 
linally bro'-.e and fled, closely pursued by our men. They 
rallied again and again but were met with irresistible onaetn, 
which finally compelled them to retire behind the hills 
under cover of their guns. . 

In less than fifteen minutes from the time the Rebels 
charged the town, they were all driven from it, and were 
skulking in the wheat fields and among the hills of the 
viciDtty. The dead and wounded of both parties, with many 
horses, lay scattered here and there along the streets, so 
covered with blood and dust as to render identification in 
many cases very difficult. Meanwhile, Gen. Kilpatrick, 
who was several miles beyond the town, at the head of the 
column, when the attack was made, arrived upon the field, 
and took personal charge of the movements. These were 
ordered with consummate skill, and executed with prompt- 
iiessand success. His artillery, well posted on the hills facing 
the Rebels, and well supported, soon silenced the guns of 
the enemy, and compelled him to retire in the direction of 
Lee's main army. He left not less than 25 dead in the 
strsets and fields, and his wounded by far exceeded this 
number. We captured 75 prisoners, including Lt. Col. 
Payne, who commanded a brigade, and one stand of colors, 
the flag of the 13th Virginia cavalry. This was the trophy 
of Sergt. Burke, Company A. Our entire loss was nine 
liillod, thirty-one wounded and a few prisoners. Among 
the killed was Adjutant Gall, who fell while gallantly 



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charging the enemy in the street. The fatal ball entered 
his left eye, and passed through his head, killing him in- 
stantly. 

The citizens of Hanover, who so nobly cared for our wound- 
ed in the hospitals during and after the battle, and assisted 
us in burying tlie dead, will long remember that terrible 
last day of June. 

The brave boys, who had so valiantly defeated the enemy, 
though taken by surprise, built their bivouac fires and spent 
the night on the field of their recent victory. 

Julj^ Irt. At 11 A. M. the Ist brigade moved to Abbotts- 
town, to Berlin, and pursued Rebel cavalry from this place 
to Rosetown, capturing several prisoners, and returned to 
Berlin at midnight and bivouacked. 

July 2d. The division moved to within two miles of 
Gettysburg, thence to New Oxford and Hunterstown, where 
we fought till dark. This was the extreme right wing of 
our army, while engaged in that great conflict, which decid- 
ed the fate of the Rebellion and saved the Republic from 
ruin. 

July Sd. During last night we moved from the right to 
the left flank of our army, about 2§ miles from Gettysburg, 
near Little Round Top. The remaining portion of the 
sjavalry corps was left to attend to Stuart and his troopers, 
who still threatened our right. Kilpatrick's work waa with 
infantry. His division, however, was reenforced by Gen. 
Merritt's regular brigade of the first division. About 10 A. 
M. Kilpatrick sent out his skirmishers upon the Rebel right 
flank and rear. The design was to create a panic, if possi- 
ble, and force the enemy back upon his trains. About 3 
p. M., during the most terrific cannonade ever known upon 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



67 



fatal ball entered 
;ad, killing him in- 

ared for our wound- 
battle, and assisted 
imber that toirible 

lefeatcd the enemy, 

ouao fires and spent 

itory. 

moved to Abbotts- 

ilry from this place 

irs, and returned to 

yithin two miles of 
lunterstown, where 
reme right wing of 
inflict, which decid- 
the Republic from 

d from the right to 
38 from Gettysburg, 
ng portion of the 
xt and his troopers, 
ick's work was with 
reenforced by Gen. 
ision. About 10 A. 
pon the Rebel right 
te a panic, if possi- 
18 trains. About 3 
ie ever known upon 



this continent, a large force of Rebel infantry was seen 
advancing, with the evident intention of sweeping away the 
cavalry, and of then turning our position on Little Round 
Top, occupied by our artillery with infantry support. To 
defeat this design of the Rebel chief, became Kilpatrick's all 
animating theme. Quickly making the best possible disposi- 
tioD of his command, he ordered Gon. Famsworth to charge 
these serried ranks, which must be broken. Placing the Fifth 
New York in support of Elder's Battery, which was exposed 
to a very hot fire, and ordering the First Vermont, First 
Virginia and Eighteenth Pennsylvania, into line of battle, 
he led them gallantly on to the unequal contest. 

Though this charge was not entirely a success, its well 
directed blow prevented the flank movement, which prison- 
ers asserted, was the intention of their leader, and thus the 
cavalry added another dearly earned laurel to its chaplet of 
houoT, dearli/ eanicrf because many of her bravest champions 
fell upon that bloody field. Gen. Kilpatrick, in his official 
report of this sanguniary conflict, says: "In this charge 
fell the brave Farnsworth. Short and brilliant was his 
career. On the 29th of June a general, on the 1st of July 
he baptized his star in blood, and on the 3d, for the honor 
of bis young brigade and the glory of hia corps, he yielded 
up his noble life." 

During this charge a shell passed through the body of 
Daniel Huriey, Company C, killed a horse, and afterward 
exploded, wounding John Buckley of the same company, 
and several others. Elder's battery was handled with \m 
usual skill, and with wonderful effect, silencing two or three 
times a Rebel battery that coiihl not hn »een, a thing but 
very seldom accomplished. 



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Before the sun went down on that day of carnage, it was 
evident that the Uniou arms had been victorious, after three 
days' almost inceavmt fighting, and our tired and nearly 
worn-out boys that uight rested quietly, upon the fields so 'I 

dearly won. 

July 4th. Having gathered his troopers together, Kilpat- 
rick addressed them a few words of cheer, assuring them 
that their noble deeds would not be passed by unrequited, 
and that he tru8t«d their future conduct would be but a 
copy of the past. Havi»>g received orders to intercept the 
Rebel trains, which were known to be on the retreat south- 
ward, the whole division was moved to Emmettsburgh, to 
Monterey Springs and to the summit of the South Moun- 
tains, where the train was encountered, passing through the 
gaps. The night was pitchy dark, and the rain fell fast, 
before the train guards were met. For some time they 
kept up a desultory fire upon us, but finally yielding to 
our superior skill and determination, a train of 200 wagons, 
mostly loaded with plunder from the stores and granaries 
of Pennsylvania, fell into our hands, and about 1,600 
prisoners, among whom were several wounded. Most of 
the wagons were destroyed. 

July bth. Moved to Smithburg about 8 A. M., and sent 
the prisoners to Boonsboro'. About sundown we shelled the 
forces of Gen. Stuart approaching us from the mountain 
passes. This done, we marched to Cavetown, and thence to 
Boonsboro', where we bivouacked and rested. 

July Qth. Moved to Hagerstown and held the place in 
advance of Gen. Stuart. His approach was met with deter- 
mined resistance, and a heavy battle was the result. Had 
not Gen. Ewell's corps come down upon us we could hove 



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day of carnage, it vag 
I victorious, after three 
car tired and nearly 
otlyupon the fields bu 'I 

opers together, Kilpat- 
' cheer, assuring theu 
passed by unrequited, 
induct would be but a 
orders to intercept the 
be on the retreat south- 
I to Emmettsburgh, to 
t of the South Moun- 
3d, passing through the 
, and the rain fell fast, 
For some time the; 
but finally yielding to 
, a train of 200 wagons, 
,h6 stores and granaries 
inds, and about 1,500 
ral wounded. Most of 

about 8 A.. M., aad sent 
sundown we shelled the 
us from the mountain 
IJavetown, and thence to 
ad rested. 

t and held the place in 
lach was met with deter- 
le was the result. Had 
upon us we could have 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



69 



managed the cavalry alone, though they were compelled to 
fight desperately , as this was their only way of retreat. C!flarge8 
and counter-charges were frequent during the day. One 
reporter says, " Elder gave them grape and canister, and 
the Fifth New York sabres, while the First Vermont used 
their carbines." 

In one of these charges, made in the face of a very 
superior force, Capt. Penfield, at the head of his company 
(H), had his horse shot down under him, and, while strug- 
gling to extricate himself from the animal, was struck a 
fearful blow of a sabre on the head, which came near 
pro.ing fatal. Thus wounded, with the blood running down 
upon his long beard and clothes, he was made a prisoner. 
It was here the gallant Captain Dahlgren lost his leg 
while leading a charge. 

Before the heavy infantry force which was now attacking 
us, we retreated to Williamsport, fighting all the way. 
From Williamsport, having joined Gen. Buford, we fell 
back to Timball's Cross Roads. 

July 7th. The division moved to Boonsboro' and bivou- 
acked. 

July Sth. The Rebel cavalry under Gen, Stuart, supported 
by Hood's infantry, attacked our pickets along the Antietam 
Creek, and drove them in with some confusion. 

About noon a furious battle was raging near Boonsboro'. 
Buford and Kilpatrick united their respective divisions in 
the work of repelling this attack. Over the broad plains, 
it was a splendid sight to witness the manceuvrings of 
these cavalry chiefs. The struggle was desperate — Stuart 
fighting for the safety of t) .e Rebel army, and our boys for 
the South Mountain pass. About sundown, after a brief con- 



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Historic Kecords. 




Bultation between Bulbrd and Kilpatrick, their bugles were 
ringing with the order for a concentrated and united charjre; 
and with a wild shout those invincible squadrons fell upon 
the enemy, driving his broken lines from the field, which 
he left strewn with his dead and dying. With the laurels 
of another glorious victory, our boys returned to their 
bivouac, and sought the repose they had so well earned. 

After the battle Col. De Forest assumed command of 
the brigade, having been ill several days. 

Julii 10<A. The regiment moved to Jonathan Doub's 
house and bivouacked. 

July Wth. Wo moved out two miles, drove in the enemy's 
pickets, and returned to our bivouac. 

July \2th. Gen. Kilpatrick moved his division to Hagers- 
town, and, after a skirmish with the enemy, occupied the 

place. 

July Wth. At 4 A. M. the division moved in pursuit of 
the retreating Rebel army, which, it was ascertained, was 
crossing the Potomac as rapidly as possible. The third 
division swept away what vestiges of it remained at Wil- 
liamsport, and, following it down the river, struck the rear 
guard, under Gen. Pettigrew, at Falling Waters. The 
battle was short, but disastrous to the Rebels. Many a 
poor fellow never gained the long looked-for Virginia shore. ^ 
One brigade of infantry, two battle flags, and two pieces of 
artillery fell into our hands. Gen. Pettigrew waa mortally 
wounded. In the charge made upon the Rebel earthworks, 
constructed to protect this important crossing, the 6th 
Michigan cavalry. Major Weber commanding, covered 
itself with immortal honor. By the boldness of their 
charge, and by the destructive fire of Pennington's battery, 



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FiFTU Nkw Youk Cavaluy. 



71 



k, their bugles were 
i and united charjre; 
squadrons fell upon 
•om the tiold, which 
r. With the luureU 
] returned to their 
d 80 well earned, 
iisumcd command of 

to Jonathan Doub's 

drove in the enemy's 

is division to Hagera- 
enemy, occupied the 



these remains of the once boastful invading army, were 
uiade to feel tbat they could fight us at much better advan- 
tage upon their own soil than upon ours. 

As the last foot of the invaders disappeared on the 
southern shore of the Potomac, our boys built their bivouac 
fires and rested themselves and their weary animals near the 
suene of their victorj 



moved in pursuit of 
was ascertained, was 
possible. The third 
F it remained at Wil- 
river, struck, the rear 
illing Waters. The 
the Rebels. Many a 
ed-for Virginia shore, 
igs, and two pieces of 
Bttigrew waa mortally 
the Rebel earthworks, 
at crossing, the 6th 
commanding, covered 
10 boldness of their 
Pennington's battery, 



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CHAPTER VI. 

Lee's InTMion, • groat Failure.— He is not Pursued very Vigor, 
ously.— Ueasons Why.— We Recioss the Potomac— The Gun- 
Boat Expedition.— Battle of Culpepper Court House.— Lee 
flanlis Meade.— We Retreat from the Robertson and Rapidan 
Rivers.— Kilpalrick Surrrounded at Brandy Hiation.— His 
Brilliant Charge.— Battle of Buokland Mills.— The Armies 
Swing like Pendulums.— Skirmish at Steyensburg.- Several 
Days' Fighting at Raccoon Ford.— Change is the Soldier's Life.— 
Excitement about Re^nlisting as Veteran Volunteers. —Build- 
ing Winter Quarters Julif 15th to December 81«t, 1863. 

The enemy waa uow fairly expelled from the free states 

which he had insolently entered a few days before. His 

losses had been immense in men and material of war. lie 

had failed in all the important minutiae of his plan. Instead 

of weakening the Union cause as he fondly hoped by the 

pomp and promise of his entry into Maryland, he hud 

increased our numbers and strengthened our hands in the 

good work. He was now returning to hit own place, with a 

demoralized and beaten army, whose ranks had been thinned 

by det-i rtions and by unprecedented casualties in battle. He 

had barely escaped annihilation. To pursue him as closely 

as possible, harrass his rear and do him all further damage 

in our power; was the course adopii;d by the commanding 

general ; the main body of the Rebel army escaping as 

best it could through the valley towards Staunton and 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



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Pursued very Vigor. 

'otomao The Qun- 

('ourt (louse. — Lee 
ertson and Rapidan 
andy Hiation. — His 
Mills.— The Armies 
evensburg'. — Several 
sthe Soldier's Life. — 
Volunteers. — Build- 
6«r81*r, 1863. 

prom the free states 
r days before. His 
tterial of war. lie 
r his plan. Instead 
)ndly hoped by the 
Maryland, he had 
i our hands in the 
i own place, with a 
ks had been thinned 
ilties in battle. He 
irsue him as closely 

all further damage 
f the commanding 

army escaping aa 
irds Staunton and 



fiordonsville, their cavalry meanwhile taking possession of 
the gups in the Blue Kidgu to prevent flunk ujovonicnts. 
Our pursuit was not as vigorous as it would seem it might 
have been. But it must bo rumembcrod that our infantry 
had made many foro'il marches, describing in its route a 
line resembling the circumference of a circle, while that of 
the llebel army was like the diameter. Our cavalry had 
not only defeated the Rebel cavalry in many battles and 
xkirraishes, but it had met the solid columns of their infantry 
also, as at Gettysburg. Con80(|uently our movements were 
nut as rapid as they might otherwise have been, owing to 
the fatigue of our men. 

Juli/ I5th. The division moved up the river to Williams- 
port, swung around to Tlagerstown, and bivouacked for the 
night at Boonsboro'; men and horses oame to their rest with 
a wonderful relish. 

Juljjf IGth. "Boots .iiid saddles" at an early hour, and 
the whole division wn soon in the saddle, where we might 
be said to live, move, and have our being, and we were cgain 
on the march. We revisited Rhorersville, recrossed Cramp- 
tun's (iap, and bivouacked near the Potomac at Berlin. 
Before night the first brigade moved to Harper's Ferry and 
bivouacked in the yard of the ruined arsenal. 

Juli/ nth. This morning we crossed the Shenandoah on 
the new wire bridge, passed around the foot of Loudon 
Heights, and followed the Potomac to opposite Berlin, 
where we were joined by the second brigade, which crossed 
on pontoons. The division then moved to Lovettsville, 
Wheatland, Purcelville, Va., and halted for the night. 

July I9th. The division moved to the following places : — 



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SniokersTille, Bloomfield »nd Upporville, where we itopped 
and rested. 

July 2fdth. The 5th and 6th Michigan, with the 6th Now 
York, under Col. Town, of the Ist Michigan, marched to 
Aflhby'B Gap, expelled therefrom a force of the enemy, 
after a brief akirniiRh, and occupied the Uap. The Fifth 
New York returned to Upperrille. From this time until 
September, the headquarters of the third division were 
near Warrenton, while picketing was performed by the 
regiments in rotation, along the line of the Rappahannock, 
opposed to Stuart's cavalry, whose headquarters were at 
Culpepper. 

September 4<A. To break the monotony of picketing, and 
to subserve the cause, a most novel scheme was now under- 
taken, known as Kilpatrick's Gun-boat Expedition. The 
object was to destroy a part of the Kebel navy (?) anchored 
in the Rappahannock, near Port Conway, opposite Port 
Royal. This peculiar warfare, which required dath and 
boldness, was waged by the troopers with complete succeKs, 
and they returned to their old bivouac fires, to enliven tho 
weary hours with stories of the long march down tho river, 
and their successful attack upon the gun-boats of the enemy. 

September \ith. A grand advance of the Union army 
had been ordered by its chief, ia which the cavalry was to 
take a prominent part. Accordingly, at an early hour,^ 
Gen. Pleasanton moved bis corps, crossing the Rappahan- 
nock with Gregg's division at Sulphur Springs, Buford's at 
Rappahannock Bridge and Kilpatrick's at Kelly's Ford. 
The enemy's pickets were easily driven before this mighty 
iiost, and dispositions were made to attack Stuart at Culpep- 
per, a naturally strong and fortified position. Pleasanton. 



8. 



le, where wo stopped 



n, with thfl 6th Now 
iohigan, marohed to 
force of the enemy, 
the Gap. The Fifth 
ETrom this time until 
third division were 
M performed by the 
f the Rappahannook, 
leadquarters were at 

jny of picketing, and 
heme waa now under- 
lat Expedition. The 
bel navy (?) anchored 
lonway, opposite Port 
h required dash and 
rith complete Huccesa, 
J tires, to enliven the 
narch down the river, 
in-boats of the enemy. 
i of the Union army 
oh the cavalry was to 
y, at an early hour,, 
rossing the Rappahan- 
r Springs, Buford's at 
ick's at Kelly's Ford, 
iren before this mighty 
tack Stuart at Culpep- 
position. Pleasanton. 



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Fifth 'New Yoek Cavalry. 7T 

with the first and second divisiojiB, moved directly on 
the anemy from Brandy Station, where they had ooBoeu- 
trated. Over the plaina they moved on, sweeping eveiy- 
fhing before them, unti! within a inile of the town, where 
diey were checked by the stubborn and determined reaiist- 
ance of the Rebels. Not long had this equal contest eon 
tiiiued, when Kilpatrick's artillery wan heard thundering in 
the enemy's right flank and rear, on the roud from Stevens- 
burg, whither he had led his swift BC|iiflidron3. Under thta 
well directed fire the enemy fell back into the town; and, 
before ba had time to reform liis broken line, and in spit« 
of a heavy fire fromi bia artillery, the Fifth New York and 
First Vermont, with detachmeata fVom other i-egimeats,, 
('(larged into the streets of the town, capturing three 
Blakely giio-?, and thiowing the boafjt of the chivalry into a 
perfec'c rout. They hastily rotreat-esd in the direction of 
Pony Mountain and Rapidan Bridge, whither they were 
pursued olosely by our viotorioun boys. Several prisoners 
fell into our hands. The way having thus been prepared, 
the Army of the Potomac advanoed norosa the Rappahan- 
nock, Gen. Mfade making his headr^uarters at Culpepper. 

September lAih. The cavalry advanced and took posses- 
sion of the fovih. along the Rapidim and the Robertwa 
rivers. This wa« not done wilhout opposition, the enemy 
defending these iinportfinfc crossings with vigor md perti- 
nacity. The regiment oncountei'ed a tremendoua shellirg 
at SomerviUe Ford, on the Robertson, 

September S2d. While on a leoounoiiiBance in Madison 
County, the •r(jgiment had quite a skirmish at Brookin's 
Fo-rd, on the Eapida/n. 

Septenhher 2lHh. A detachment of the regiment, Captain 



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78 



Historic Rkcords. 



Farley commanding, while on a scout, encountered a cou- 
sidorable force of the enemy at Hazel River Brid';,-3, and a 
sharp skirmish ensued. 

October 8ch. The regiment reconnoitred along the Rob- 
crtaon river, and met the enemy at Ceighrsville, where a 
short light followed, resulting in the retreat of the enemy 
across the river. 

While we were thus picketing and scouting along these 
streams, living sumptuously on a country that had not yet been 
impoverished by the march of armies, Geu. Lee, whose army 
lay mostly south of the Rapidan, crossed the river, moveJ 
to Mudisou Court House, and by a rapid flank movement on 
our right, compelled us to beat a hasty retreat, which was con- 
tinued until Gen. Meade's main army occupied the heights 
of Centreville. 

October lOth In the early morninpr a heavy force of the 
enemy came down upon the regiment, picketing along the 
Robertson river, at Russell's Ford. The flank movement of 
the enemy was discovered and quick work was required. 
Swift messengers from officers in high command brought 
orders to retire with promptness, but in good order, if possi- 
ble. Our men, in many instances, were compelled to leave 
their palatable breakfasts of roast lamb, sweet potatoes, fine 
wheat bread, milk and honey, &c., with which the country 
abounded, and to attend to the stern and always unpleasant 
duties of a retreat, with the enemy pressing heavily apon 
us. A sharp skirmish had taken place at the ford, which 
wa« continued at intervals on our march to James City, 
where a battle raged with fury and slaughter. Though 
engaged for many hours during the day the casualties of the 
regiment were not very great. 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



79 



ntered a cou- 
Brid-i^-i, aud a 

long the Rob- 
ille, where a 
of the enemy 

g along these 
.d notyet been 
I, whose army 
river, moveJ 
movement on 
'hich was con- 
i the heights 

r force of the 
ing along the 
movement of 
was required, 
land brought 
rder, if possi- 
elled to leave 
potatoes, fiue 
the country 
vs unpleasant 
heavily upon 
i ford, which 
James City, 
ter. Though 
ualties of the 






October 11th. Skirmishing was continued to-day at almost 
every step of our march. On the Sperryville pike to Cul- 
pepper, the enemy pressed us closely. From this point the 
cavalry corps separated, Gregg with his division, falling 
back by way of Sulphur Springs, Buford by Stevensburg, 
leaving Kilpatrick on the main thoroughfare along the rail 
road by Brandy Station. Scarcely had Kilpatrick moved 
out of Culpepper, when Hampton's division of cavalry made 
a furious attack on his rear guard with the hope of breaking 
through upon the main column and scattering it, or of 
retarding its progresa, so that a flanking column might fall 
upon him ere he could reach the safe shore of the Rappa- 
hannock. Gallantly repelling every attack the command 
moved on, without expending much of its time or material, 
nutil opposite the residence of the Hon. John Minor Botts, 
wben a few regiments, including the Fifth New York, sud- 
denly wheeled about, and facing the pursuing foe, charged 
iiim with pistol and sabre, thus checfcin</ bis advancing lines. 
On arriving at Brandy Station Kilpatricl. found his com- 
m?.ad to be in a most critical situation. 

Already Gen. Fitzhugh Leu's division of cavalry held the 
only road upon which it was possible for Kilpatrick to 
advance. Stuart, with a portion of Lee's and Hampton's forces, 
threatened his left flank, assisted by artillery well posted on 
tl^e hills. Behind him were Hampton's Legions. Buford, 
having fallen back more rapidly than Kilpatrick, had before 
passed on toward the Rappahannock, leaving hie right flank 
perfectly exposed, where sharpshooters were already making 
themselves a source of great annoyance from the woods. 

This was a situation to try the stoutest hearts. Nothing 
daunted by this formidable disposition of an onemy very 



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Buperior in numbers, Kilpatrick showed himself worthy to 
command the bravo men who composed his division. Fttrm- 
ing his force in three lines of battle, assigning the right to 
(ieii. Davies, the left to Gen. Custer, and placing himself 
in the centre, he advanced with terrible determination totbe 
contest. Having approached to within a few hundred yards 
of the enemy's lines, his band was ordered to strike up 
Yankee Doodle, to whose inspiring notes was added the 
blast of scores of bugles, ringing forth the charge. Fired 
with a sort of frenzy, and bearing aloft their colors, this 
band of heroic troopers shook the air with their battle cry, 
while their drawn and firmV grasped sabres flashed in the 
light of the declining sun. Gen. Custer, pulling oflf his cap, 
gave it to his orderly, and thus led on the charge, while his 
yellow locks floated on the breeze. Ambulances, forges and 
cannon, with pack trains, non-combatants and others, all 
joined to swell the on-flowing tide, before which the Rebel 
lines broke in wild alarm. Kilpatrick thus escaped serious 
injury, defeated his pursuers, and presented to the beholders 
one of the grandest sights ever witnessed in the Nevf 
World. 

His divi jion soon after joined that of Buford, and together 
they engaged the enemy in a series of brilliant charges, which 
materially checked his advance. At night they recrossed 
the Rappahannock in safety. 

The cavalry continued its retreat, covering the rear of 
the infantry, to the old field of Bull Run, where it was 
expeci/id a third battle would be fought. One night, while 
the regiment lay bivouacked near Bristoe Station, a caisson 
was accidently set on fire, causing a rapid explosion of the 
ammunition it contained. The consequence was a wide- 



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iiself worthy to 
ivision. Form- 
n? the right to 
placing himself 
ruiuation tothe 
hundred yards 
i to strike up 
vaa added the 
iharge. Fired 
jir colors, this 
leir battle cry, 
flashed in the 
ing off his cap, 
irge, while his 
ices, forges and 
ind others, all 
lich the Rebel 
iscaped serious 
the beholders 
ia the Ne>f 

1, and together 
barges, which 
hey recrossed 

ig the rear of 
where it was 
3 night, while 
bion, a caisson 
plosion of the 
was a wide- 






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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



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Hpreiid alarm, which brought every cavalryman to his horse, 

reuily to meet the foe, who was supposed to have made a 

powerful attack. 

October With. The regiment was sent to test the Rebel 

pickets at Groveton, with whom we had a slight skirmish. 
Octoher 17 th. The work of yesterday was repeated. 
October ISth. A third time the regiment skirmished 

with the pickets at Groveton and advanced to Gainesville. 
October 19th. The Rebel army having spent its time 

in tearing up and destroying the rail road, refusing to 

uttttck, Gen. Meade ordered a general advance. Kilpat- 
rick marched through Groveton and Gainesville, meeting 
the enemy in overwhelming force at Buokland Mills. Had 
it not been for great skill and daring his entire command 
would have been annihilated. As it was, he narrowly 
escaped, saving all his guns, but leaving some of his men 
in the enemy's bands. 

Before our advancing army, Gen. Lee gradually retreated, 
receiving a terrible shock at Rappahannock Station, which 
sent the remains of his army across the Rappahannock. 
It is quite singular to remark how these great armies have 
been swinging like huge pendulums during the present 
season. In June they swung from the Rappahannock, Va., 
to the Susquehanna, Penn.; then back to the Rapidan; 
afterward almost to the Potomac, then back to the Rapidan 
a^ain. It is encouraging to notice that the swing of the 
Rebel army toward the north, shortens at every move, 
giving indications of its waning power. 

In the early part of November our army laid its pontoons 
across the Rappahannock, and advanced upon the enemy, 
drlvin" him from the line he had selected for his winter 



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Historic Records. 



quarters. Many of their huts, already completed, fell into 
our hands. 

November 9th. The regiment had a spirited skiriuish 
with the enemy, in driving him from Steveiisburg. 

From a correspondent of a New York daily, we quote tho 
following description of this affair. " I must be allowed to 
mention, that Kilpatrick's division, or rather Davies' brig- 
ado of that division, was engaged in quite a brisk encounter 
with Hampton's division of Rebel cavalry, on Sunday the 
8th inst., in tho vicinity of Stevensburg. I allude to it 
here, because, as yet, it has scarcely been noticed at all in 
any papers that I am aware of, although it was one of the 
most spirited and handsomely managed affairs that has 
occurred during the late movements. There was no very 
severe fighting, it is true, but the ease with which the 
enemy was driven from his position, and the short duration 
of the fight, were mainly attributable to the adroitness used 
in the disposition of our forces, and the intense eagerness 
and animation with which our men went up to th6 attack. 
A battery of the enemy which occupied a commanding 
position at Stevensburg, right in the line of our advance, 
was started off at a double quick, almost without firing a 
dhot, by sending a regiment round to the right, which came 
in upon it from an unexpected quarter, and threw the gun- 
ners into instant alarm for the safety of their guns; and 
■when they had taken up a new position and were busily 
shelling our troops coming upjn front. Major Hammond, 
commanding the regiment just mentioned, with about 
twenty of his men, again compelled them to decamp by 
coming up under cover and unseen to within easy carbine 
range of them, and thus picking off the artillerists." 



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ett'd. ffill into 

ted Bkinuish 
lurg. 

we quote tho 
be allowed to 
Diivifs' brig- 
isk eiioounter 
a Sunday the 
allude to it 
iced at all in 
as one of the 
irs that has 
was no very 

[h which the 
lort duration 
roitness used 
ise eagerness 
to th^ attack, 
commanding 
our advance, 
iout firing a 
which came 
rew the gun- 
r guns; and 
were busilj 
■ Hammond, 
with about 
decamp by 
sasy carbine 
:ists." 



The rogiment camped among the pines, whenccf tlioy had 
driven the enemy. 

Xitvmbcr llth. The regiment was ordered to picket 
aluii{< the Kapidan, extending uur videttee from Morton's 
lord near to German ia. 

November X'ith. A squad of Hampton's cavalry, dressed 
in uur overcoats, surprised and attacked the 18th l^ennsylvii- 
iiiu, near Qermania Ford, capturing many prisoners, and their 
headquarters wagon. Capt. McQuinn, Company A, in char{;e 
ut' the nearest reserve, assisted in beating back the Rebels, 
who fled across the river. 

November 21«/. The paymaster appeared with his green- 
backs, and though the rain has fallen almost incessantly 
nnoe have been heard to murmur. Whatever trouble or 
liifficulty the soldier has, pay-day is sure to take it all 
away — at least if his accounta are all right. 

N'uivmber 22d. Th men are sending their money homo 
to their friends. Some foolishly squander theirs away, but 
moat men of the rugiment put a proper estimate ou their 
earnings. 

November 2ith. A grand movement of the army toward 
the Bapidan was commenced, at an early hour. Our divi- 
siuD moved toward Raccoon Ford. A heavy rain having 
set in, the troops were countermarched to their wet 
•bivouacs. • 

November 26th. The movement commenced and aban- 
doned on the 24th was to-day resumed. Gen. Meade, 
desiring to cross his main force at German ia Ford, ordered 
the cavalry to attack the Rebel lines along the upper fords, 
and, if possible, compel them to busy themselves with us. 
Our division broke camp early, and reached the river about 



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nine o'clOok at Morton's Ford. The fortifications on the 
high hills along the river swarmed with Rebels. They 
opened their heavy batteries upon us. The division moved 
up the river toward Raccoon Ford, most of the time 
e:£posed to the artillery fire. Shells fell fast near the solid 
column, spattering mud all over our Thanksgiving suits, 
for this was Thanksgiving day. Our flying artillery occa- 
sionally replied. This artillery duel was continued all the 
day, and yet not a man was injured. How wonderful is 
the preservation of human life on occasions like this ! At 
night we bivouacked in the woods about a mile from the 
ford. The ground was wet and the weather cold, and we 
were compelled to make fires sparingly, lest the enemy 
aight discover our position, and give us a Thanksgiving 
supper of shells, as he had done for our dinner. 

uVovember llth. Early in the morning the division 
crossed the river at Raccoon Ford, having discovered that 
the enemy had abandoned his works in the night. Fitz- 
hugh Lee's cavalry, however, waa encountered approaching 
at no great distance from the river, compelling our boys to 
return after a sharp skirmish. 

November SOth. We still continue by the river, exchang- 
ing occasional shots, and sometimes volleys, with the pickete 
on the other side. Now and then the batteries open. 
Just before sundown the Rebels sainted us with a rapid 
shelling, which made the woods and hills resound. Wc 
bivouac among the pines, when off duty, where moss is 
plentiful for our carpets. Our fare would be quite pleasant 
if it were not for the biting frosts of the nights. 

December 2d. Gen. Meade is returning from his uusuc- 
eessful affair in the wilderness about Mine Run. His 



V 



ibrtifications on the 
ith Rebels. They 
rhe division moved 
most of the time 
I fast near the solid 
'hanksgiving suits, 
yiiig artillery occa- 
s continued all the 
How wonderful is 
ons like this ! At 
ut a mile from the 
iather cold, and we 
y, lest the enemy 
us a Thanksgiving 
dinner. 

aing the division 
ng discovered that 
n the night. Fitz- 
l^ered approaching 
Jelling our boys to 

the river, exchang- 
s, with the pickets 
be batteries open. 
i us with a rapid 
lills resound. Wc 
tj, where moss is 
i be quite plea.sant 
nights. 

a; from his uusuc- 
Mine Run. His 




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Fifth ISiEw York Cavalry. 



87 



expedition has been attended with great fatigue and suffer- 
ing, and some losses. 

December Sd. As vas expected, we were relieved from 
til is position and taken back to our old camps, near Stevens- 
burg. Our euuip began to assume a delightful appearance, 
with it!i rows of shelter tents, and an occasional wall tent, 
when about 3 p. M. the woods were ringing with bugles, 
soiimling " boots and saddles." Tents were taken down, 
and the brigade moved out in the direction of the river to 
meet the enemy, who was supposed to be crossing the river 
to attack us in heavy force. It proved to be a fright of the 
pickets stationed along the river. We were soon back in 
our old spot again, putting up our shelters. 

Change is the soldier's life. It marks his daily experi- 
ence. Now he lies securely in his wood-surrounded home, 
then he revels in the pomp and terror of the battle ; now 
he suffers from the long march or the extra duty, then he 
grows weary with long waiting and anxious fears. His life 
is a moving panorama, which presents every shado of color- 
ing, and every phase of human experience. 

December ith. Quite an excitement was created among 
the men, by an effort made to ascertain what number of 
them are willing to reenlist under the orders recently issued 
by the War Department, respecting Veteran Volunteers. 

A large majority of the men present are ready to reenlist 
for a new term of service. Though they have seen hard 
service, and long, they are unwilling to return to the quiet 
pursuits of civil life while the conflic* goes on. They want 
to join in the last conflict am' to swell the final shout of 
victory, over the downfall of ti\is Rebellion. Every one 
appears to be in the best of spirits, 



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88 



Historic Records. 



December 5f.h. A large mail was received, after a sus- 
pension of several days. These are always occasions of great 
rejoicing, in camp life. Our mail bags are great instruments 
of power. 

December 8th. A large detail of the regiment went out 
on picket to the Rapidan. A squad of eighteen recruits for 
the regiment was received this evening. 

December 15th. Our boys on picket near Germania Ford 
are becoming quite familiar with Rebel pickets on the other 
side the river. Papers are exchanged, coffee is given for 
tobacco; and visits of the Rebels among us, and of our boys 
among them, are quite frequent. 

December llth. A cold, freezing rain has fallen all day; 
and the men, wet, cold, hungry and tired, returned from 
picket. The pines were lighted up with the lurid light 
of our 5res at night. 

December ISth. Moved camp to the hill known in this 
region as The DeviVs Leap, where we expect to build our 
winter quarters. 

December 2Qth. The main portion of the regiment went 
out on picket. 

December 2,M. The cold is intense and we are suffering 
for the went of winter quarters. We have just received 
orders to buiid them. Wc are camped on a crest of hills, 
which was very thickly wooded with fine timber just before 
we took possession. The wood had been purchased by the 
Rebel authorities at a high price, with the hope that this 
would be their winter quarters. The forest is quickly 
disappearing. 

December 27th. The men are busily engaged in the work 
of constructing their log cabins. Every man has suddenly 



sived, after a sus- 
occasions of great 
great instruments 

egraent went out 
hteen recruits for 

IT Germania Ford 
ekeis on the other 
offee is given for 
i, and of our boys 

las fallen all day; 
d, returned from 
1 the lurid light 

ill known in this 
pect to build our 

B regiment went 

we are suffering 
ve just received 
a crest of hills, 
mber just before 
lurchased by the 
e hope that this 
)rest is quickly 

»ged in the work 
lan has suddenly 



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Fifth Nkw York Cavalky. 



89 



become a mason or a carpenter, and the hammer, the axe 
and the trowel are being plied with the utmost vigor, if not 
with the highest skill. 

December 8lst. The Adjutant's quarters are crowded with 
work >i o is making out or giving instructions to others to 
make ov:'^, discharge papers, muster out and muster in rolls 
for the men, who are enlisting as Veteran Volunteers. 
A gentle rain fell this morning, and has continued, with some 
wind, 80 that all day Jong the Heavens have wept over the 
departing year. 



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Ir- 



itS,^'^ L. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Life in Winter Quarters — Ita Duties and Pastimes. — Its Interest- 
ing Scenes. — Dangerous Picketing between the Uappahannock 
and the Rapidan. — Frequent Attacks by Guerrillas. — Kilpat- 
rick's Second Raid to Richmond. — Col. Dahlgren's Part of the 
Work. — Full Account by Lieut. Merritt, who accompanied 
Dahlgren. — Object of the Raid. — General Plan. — Dnhlgren's 
Command. — Successful Capture of Rebel Pickets on the Rapi- 
dan. — Honor to Lieut. Merritt's Command. — Capture of a Rebel 
Court Martial. — Conduct of Prisoners. — The Faithless Negro 
Guide. — He is Hurg. — Property of Mr. Seddon, Rebel 
Secretary of War. — His Negroes. — Their Depredations.- -Our 
Soldiers falsely Accused of Pillaging. — Henry A. Wise wisely 
Skedaddles. — Within a few Miles of Richmond.— Cofiperatiou 
with Kilpatrick Impossible. — Preparation to Attack Richmond. 
— Nature of the Fight. — Withdrawal. — Casualties. — Terrible 
Night's March. — Meet a Rebel Ambulance Train — Crossing 
the Pamunkey. — The Mattapony. — Marching and Fighting. — 
The Ambuscade. — Dahlgren Killed. — Road Barricaded. — In 
Straits. — Ammunition Exhausted. — Preparation to Disperse. — 
The Party Broken up. — The Cabin in the Woods. — The Surren- 
der — A Baptist Preacher. — The Parson's Robbery and Apolo- 
gy. — Dahlgren's Remains. — Arrival at Libby Prison. — Casual- 
ties of the Fifth New York. — Synopsis of Kilpatrick's March. — 
The Terrible Tornado.— January Ut to May 2d, 1864. 

After the great excitement of an active campaign with ita 
long marches and almost constant fighting, life in winter 
quarters seems quite too dull. For some weeks at least, 
until somewhat accustomed to his new home, the soldier 




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Fifth New Yobk Cavalry. 



91 



. — Its Interest- 
Uappahannock 
rillas. — Kilpat- 
m's Part of the 
accompanied 
n. — Dnhlgren's 
kB on the Rapi- 
)ture of a Rebel 
FaithlesB Negro 
Seddon, Rebel 
edations.--Our 
A. Wise wisely 
— Cobperatiou 
ack Richmond, 
ties. — Terrible 
■ain — Crossing 
md Fighting. — 
arricaded. — In 
to Disperse. — 
. — The Surren- 
ery and Apolo- 
isou. — Casual- 
rick's March. — 
864. 

paign with its 
life in winter 
eeks at least, 
le, the soldier 



feels more or less uneasiness. However, this life is not 
without its duties nor its opportunities for employment. 
Several days are consumed in making our quarters comfort- 
able and convenient. Our northern friends would wonder 
to see the skill and taste exhibited in the construction and 
internal arrangprneots of our cabins. 

The day is u^^hen .' 'n with the reveille, well executed by 
the bugle corps, wL 'a has been reorganized, and drilled 
for the purpose. At he blast of these bugles we are called 
to our breakfast, dinner and supper. Koll call is sounded 
and the men of each company fall into line and are 
accounted for. The bugle sounds to call the orderly ser 
geantsto assemble at the adjutant's quarters to receive any 
special orders he may have to communicate. By the bugle 
the camp guard is assembled, inspected and ordered to its 
posts of duty. At water cill the men lead out their horses 
to the watering. Drill call sends them to the field to learu 
the tactics of war. 

Thus call after call to duty is sounded at intervals 
throughout the day, ending with the taps, which calls for 
the blowing out of lights, and the seeking of rest, which 
night demands. To these duties and excitements come the 
days of picketing, when a large detail is sent out, leaving 
behind a number just suflScient to care for the camp. These 
are generally men too sick for hard duty, or whose horses 
are un.serviceable. 

While in camp checkers and cards afford a pastime to 
many, but a large number spend their hours in reading and 
writing. We usually receive a daily mail Thus our time 
is filled with some kind of employment, and even our camp 
life is far from monotonous. 




f 






i \M: 



i,i;-!i;': 



-fi-i J 4 ' 



92 



lIisTouic Rkcouds. 



January \st. The morning was fair and beautiful, but 
the day ended with the coldest weather ever known to our 
veterans, wliile in Virujinia. The reiinlisted men, nmnber- 
hv^ one hundred and eighty-one, were mustered in. Others 
will recnlist before many days. 

January M. The paymaster has paid his compliments tc 
the veterans, and they abound in greenbacks. 

January "ilh. Sent out a picket detail of three officers 
and fifty-six men. 

January \Qth. The camps of this grand army occupy a 
large territory, stretching from Stevensburg to two or three 
miles beyond Brandy Station. The roads are becoming 
almost bottomless. However, long trains of forage and 
commissary wagons may be seen passing to and fro with 
horses and mules in mud from " stem to stern." Caval- 
cades of mudded horses and riders traverse the camps and 
adjoining fields in various directions. Large flocks of 
crows with their bi^.V -perched videttes when alighted, or 
their regular line oi march when on the wing, leave an im- 
pression upon the soldier's mind. These sights are of daily 
recurrence. 

January Idth. The regiment is picketing near the Rapi- 
dan, a little below Germania Ford. A line of pickets ex- 
tends across to the Rappahannock a little below Fields' 
Ford. The peninsular territory below this line and be- 
tween the rivers abounds in thick underbrush and deep 
ravines, through which guerrillas creep up and attack our 
pickets. Patrols are sent oat daily from the picket reserves, 
on the main roads to the fords of the rivers, to drive out 
any force of the enemy that might seek to advance upon us 
from that direction. To-day our patrol was attacked by a 



^-<-^f^«f^»?*»*SI»«Viift;v,^j- -•^..f'.^^.s.v:-.. ■•.y'^ii^^^.,^,^^: 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



98 



jcautiful, but 
known to our 
lieu, nuuiber- 
ad in. Others 

implinients tc 

three officers 

my occupy a 
two or three 
ire becoming 
f forage and 
ind fro with 
irn." Caval- 
lie camps and 
;e flocks of 
alighted, or 
leave an ira- 
i are of daily 

ir the Rapi- 
f pickets ex- 
elow Fields' 

ine and be- 
ih and deep 
d attack our 
ket reserves, 

to drive out 
ince upon us 
ttacked by a 



considerable force concealed in bushes by the road side. 
Under very great disadvuntage, our boys defended them- 
selves as best they could, but suffered quite severely. This 
was near Ely's Ford, Rapidan. 

Januarj/ 22d. Our boys were out again patrolling towaid 
the Rappahannock, and were attacked by bushwhackers near 
Ellis' Ford. As on the 19th inst., one man was killed, 
several wounded and captured. Among the latter were 
several veterans, who were daily looking for their 35 days' 
furlough promised in their reiJnlistment. They will have a 
dreary furlough in southern prisons. 

January 'ilst. Our chapel tent was dedicated this even- 
ing by Chaplain E. P. Roe, 2d New York Cavalry, who 
preached an excellent sermon to a large audience. 

February Gth. The 2d Corps made a demonstration on 
the Rebel lines at Raccoon and Morton't. Fords, fighting all 
day. Gen. Hays greatly distinguished himself in some 
of the charges made on the enemy's fortifications. Mean- 
while Kilpatrick's cavalry crossed the river at Culpepper 
Mine Ford, and reconnoitred along the plank road. At 
Hampton's Cross Roads a squad of the enemy was encoun- 
tered and quickly dispersed. A few prisoners fell into our 
hands. 

February 7th. The regiment returned to camp at 2 p. M., 
after a journey of about 35 miles. 

February ISth. Sixty-eight recruits joined the regiment. 
Our ranks are thus being filled. 

February 21st. A large temperance meeting in the chapel, 
and a large number signed the pledge. 

February 2Sd. A grand review of a portion of the army 
before Generals Meade, Pleasanton, Kilpatrick and others, 



I t 



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l'??::^ 



j'i'lj. 



-:«Wn -v:?f; TiCT^ • : : r :t:JI- V; i:Tr:^];i:j "' J£^"^J > ' 



iSft Lj3»i i*" 



94 



IIiSToiiic Records, 



took place on the plains between Stevensburg and Pony 
Mountain. The infantry, artillery and cavalry appeared in 
their best uniform and with flying colors, prosentiug an im- 
posing spectacle. The exorcises closed with a cavalry skir- 
niish and charge. 

February 2Ath. The paymaster occupies the chapel for 
paying the regiment. 

February 26th. The long-looked-for veteran leaves-of-ab- 
scnce and furloughs made their appearance, but had not 
been in camp thirty minutes before they were sent for from 
brigade headquarters. They are doubtless detained for 
some wise purpose, but many fail to see the point. 

February 2Sth. The whole division under Kilpatrick, 
accompanied by Col. Dahlgren, who was intrusted with a 
very important position in the expedition, set out on a great 
raid to Richmond. We append the following full and 
interesting narrative of the raid, by Major Merritt (then 
Lieutenant), who accompanied Col. Dahlgren, and was with 
him at his death. 



Narrative of Dahlgren's Raid. 

Kilpatrick's second raid upon Richmond was made with 
the purpose of releasing our officers and men confined in 
Libby Prison, Castle Thunder and Belle Island, and to 
destroy the mills, workshops, materials, stores and govern- 
ment property of the Rebels in that city and vicinity, and 
the rail road communications. The plan also comprehended 
the capture of Lee's reserve artillery at Frederick Hall 
Station or* the Virginia Central rail road. 




'!^i^' ,•>- ,. ; -'i^iY - ; 




■g and Pony 
( appeared in 
cntiug an iiu- 
. cavalry Bkir- 

be chapel for 

1 leavea-of-ab- 

but had not 

sent for from 

detained for 

'nt. 

r Kilpatrick, 
rusted with a 
out on a great 
ing full and 
Uerritt (then 
and was with 



D. 

IS made with 
n confined in 
sland, and to 
and govern- 
vicinity, and 
jomprehended 
rederick Hall 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



95 



In the execution of this general plan, Col. Dalilgrcn's 
command, diverging from the main column to the right at 
Spottsylvania Court House, was to march by Frederick 
Hall, capture and destroy the artillery, cross the James 
river at Columbia Mills, send a party to destroy the rail 
road bridges where the Danville road crosses the Appomat- 
tox river, and move upon Riclmond from the south, in the 
hope of gaining possession of the bridges spanning the river 
between Munchester'and the city by surprise, dash over and 
release the prisoners, while the main force under Kilpatrick 
occupied the enemy's attention on the north side of the 
town. 

The expedition of Col. Ulric Dahlgten marched from 
Gen. Kilpatrick's headquarters at Stevensburg, Va., on the 
evening of Sunday, February 28th, 1864. It comprised 
detachments from the 2d New York, 5th New York, 1st 
Vermont, 1st Maine and 5th Michigan regimento of cavalry 
of the 3d division cavalry corps, army of the Potomac, in 
all four hundred men. The detachment of the Fifth New 
York under command of Lieut. Merritt, Co. K, consisted ot 
Lieut. Robert Black and forty men selected from companies 
I and K. This party left camp about 3 P. M., being sent 
in advance with orders to capture the enemy's videttes at 
Ely's Ford on the Kapidan river, and, if practicable, their 
picket reserve also, the object being to secure the passage 
of the river and open the way for the march without the 
alarm's being communicated to the enemy. 

We proceeded to within two miles of the ford and halted 
until dark, when Lieut. Merritt, with fifteen dismounted 
men and two scouts, sent from headquarters, waded the 
river about one mile above the ford, and, aided by the 



I-- 



: ^ 



UG 



lIisTOHic Records. 



durkness, the night boin^ slormy, succeeded in aj)proachinj» 
and Heeuriiig the two videtUjs guarding the ford, and, after 
much difficulty, ascertained the position of the reserve. A 
iurge fire built in a ravine on the banics of the river some 
distance below the ford, evidently intended to deceive us, 
caused some delay ; but we finally discovered that their 
picket reserve were in a house some distance buck from the 
river. We proceeded silently to this house, surrounded it, 
and, rushing in, after a brief struggle, captured the whole 
piirty, sixteen men, a lieutenant, and the officer of the day, 
who had halted for the night on nis tour of inspection. 
His report of the vigilance and efficiency of his picket was 
probably never made. Oaly two shots were fired, and no 
alarm raised, as we afterward ascertained that the enemy 
were not aware that we had crossed the river until the 
column had passed Spottsylvania. 

Lieut. Black, with the remainder of the men, was left 
on the opposite bank of the river, with directions to throw 
out a few skirmishers on the edge of the stream, and move 
down as close as possible without discovery, and to be pre- 
pared either to cross or cover our party as circumstances 
rendered necessary. Securing our prisoners we returned to 
the river and found the advance of Dablgren's column 
across, we having immediately communicated our success. 
Twenty-three of our men were sent to the rear in charge of 
the prisoners. Col. Dahlgren, in recognition of our success, 
assigned to us the advance of the expedition, which duty 
we performed throughout. 

Taking the Chancellorsville road we passed through 
Spottsylvania Court Hovse and, bearing to the right, 
marched without iucident, until we came to the vicinity of 



Fifth Ninv Yokx Cavamiy. 



97 



n approachin," 
rd, and, after 
e reserve. A 
le river some 
to deceive us, 
red that their 
buck from the 
surrounded it, 
ed the whole 
ir of the day, 
of inspection, 
lis picket was 
fired, and no 
it the enemy 
iver until the 

men, was lefl 
ions to throw 
am, and move 
md to be pre- 
circumstances 
re returned to 
ren's column 
our success. 
r in charge of 
f our success, 
, which duty 

ssed through 
to the right, 
he vicinity of 



Frederick Hall Station, about 3 p. M. Monday. Here wo 
found the reserve nrtillery, numbering 83 pieces of every 
calibre, parked, with a small brigade of infantry guarding 
it. Approaching through the woods with the utmost cir- 
eumapection, we came within 300 yards of the camp with- 
out discovery. A rapid but thorough reconnoissance demon- 
strated the impossibility of capturing their guns with our 
small force, and we saw the necessity of withdrawing from 
the dangerous vicinity without attracting the notice of the 
enemy. To accomplish this we had to pass around the base 
of a small hill on the edge of the camp. Here there was a 
house, and we observed a number of men moving about, 
and from the character of tlie ground suspected the pres- 
ence of a battery also. It was of course necessary to 
ascertain whether this suspicion was correct, and to capture 
the men. In order to save the valuable time it would have 
required to deploy skirmishers, and as the only probable way 
of preventing the alarm of the camp, our detachment vol- 
unteered to charge the hill, Major Cooko, 2d New York 
deploying a squadron to cover us in case of nood. Separat- 
ing in two parties we charged on opposite sides of a gorge 
running into the hill, and approached the small house in 
such a manner as to surround it. After a few shots, the 
party who had retired inside the building, when, to their 
utter amazement they discovered ou haracter, surrendered 
themselves prisoners, and we learn 1 with almost equal 
astonishment and no little amusement, that we had captured 
a court martial, securing the entire party, president, judge 
advocate, members of the court, witnesses, prisoner, and 
orderlies in attendance. Among them was a Col. Jones, 1st 
Maryland Light Artillery, two majors and the usual com- 



w 



'itim 



98 



Historic Records. 



pleraent of captaina and lieutenants, the whole party 
numbering about thirty, with several fine horses. The 
Rebels were engaged in artillery practice when we approached 
their camp, and the regular and continued discharge of their 
•runs served to inform us that wo remained undiscovered. 

Nearly all the prisoners subsequently escaped from us 
during the night, as we were unable to guard them properly, 
and, in fact. Col. Dahlgren did not desire to be encumbered 
with them. The judge advocate, Lieut. Blair and another, 
however, adhered to us most faithfully until the finul break- 
ing up of the expedition. Lieut. Blair afterwards visited us 
in Libby Prison, and tendered his testimony in our favor, 
but without mitigating the severity of our imprisonment in 
any way. 

The rail road was torn up about one mile from Frederick 
Hall, and we then proceeded on our march. A heavy storm 
prevailed during Monday night. The rain fell in iorrents 
and rendered the roads almost impassable. Men and horses 
wore beginning to suffer for rest and refreshment. The 
woods being dense increased the difficulties of the march, 
and about three o'clock Tuesday morning, it became neces- 
sary to make a brief halt in order to close up the column, 
which was scattered several miles in the rear, struggling 
through tliP mud holes of the miserable swamp road. At 
the halting p! ,co we captured six wagons loaded with 
forage for Lee's army. 

We now learned that we were about three miles from 
Dover Mills, and ten miles below CoLxmbia Mills. The 
guide, a negro, had misled us during the night, and, to 
obviate the delay of retracing our steps. Col. Dahlgren, on 
the representations of the negro that an excellent ford was 



"' ^ - -•^i!.f>S''Y **** » A>^' 



•f^lf'i'kjj^^?!', , ',^. 



Finn New Yokk Cavalry, 



99 



whole party 
horses. Tbc 
te approached 
barge of their 
discovered, 
aped from ua 
hem properly, 
I encuaibered 
and aaother, 
le fin< J break- 
irds visited us 
in our favor, 
prisonment in 

om Frederick 
\. heavy storm 
ill in torrents 
en and horses 
shment. The 
of the march, 
became neces- 
p the column, 
ir, struggling 
mp road. At 
loaded with 

ee miles from 
a Mills. The 
night, and, to 
Dahlgren, on 
silent ford was 



to be found at Dover Mills, concluded to cross at that point. 
After two hours' halt we again moved on. and soon reached 
. Dover Mills, but only to meet disappointment. The negro 
bad deceived us, no ford existed at this point nor any means 
of crossing the river. He then stated that the ford was 
tl'.ree miles below: this was obviously false, as the river was 
evidently navigable to and above this place, as we saw a 
sloop going down the river. 

This man was sent from headquarters to guide us and was 
cunsiaered faithful and reliable. I afterwards learned that 
he came into our lines from Richmond, in company with 
several officers who escaped from Libby Prison by Col. 
Streight's tunnel, and whom he piloted through. He was 
born and had always belonged in the immediate vicinity of 
Dover Mills, was very shrewd and intelligent, and it would 
seem impossible that he should not know that no ford 
existed in the neighborhood, where be had seen vessels 
daily passing. Col. Dahlgren had warned him that if 
detected acting in bad faith, or lying, wo would surely hang 
him, and after we left Dover Mills, and had gone down the 
river so far as to render further prevarication unavailing, 
the colonel charged him with betraying us, destroying the 
whole design of the expedition, and hazarding the lives of 
every one engaged in it,— and told him that he should be 
hung in conformity with the terms of his service. The 
negro became greatly alarmed, stated confuseflly that he 
was mistaken, thought we intended to cross the river in 
bouts, and finally said that he had done wrong, was sorry, 
etc. The colonel ordered him to be hung, — a halter strap 
was used for the purpose, and we left the miserable wretch 
dangling by the roadside. His body was afterwards cut 



jjj'i S' 



100 



HiSTOKic Records. 



down and buried by Capt. Mitchell who had remained 
behind some time to complete the destruction of some mills 
and grain. 

At Dover Mills we halted about two hours on the 
property of Mr, Seddon, the Eebel secretary of war. No 
Union troops had ever been here before, and our appearance 
created great excitement and consternation among the 
whites, — while the contrabands flocked about us in great 
numbers, nearly wild with joy. The negroes invariably 
came with the request that we would visit their master or 
overseer, and arrest or punish him fo" his cruelty. We of 
course declined the office of redressers of grievances of this 
nature. 

The ties of affection we sometimes hear about, binding 
master and slave together under the patriarchal institution, 
evidently did not exist in Mr. Seddon's neighborhood, how- 
ever it might be elsewhere. 

At this point we destroyed a number of fine mills, several 
<janal boats with army supplies, and a large amount of flour, 
meal and grain. A lock of the Richmond and Lynchburg 
canal was also blown up. Besides this, we captured a large 
number of 5ne horses. In fact our command had been 
able to keep well mounted from the number of horses 
fiecured up to this time. The barn of Mr. Seddon was 
burned, whether by accident or design is not known. It 
was not done by order of Col. Dahlgren The negroes on 
this estate, as well aa those of a Mr. Morson near by, were 
greatly excited and exasperated, and invited the soldiers to 
plunder, themselves setting the example. Some excesses 
were committed but the oflicers exerted themselves to the 
utmost to drive the soldiers from both these houses. The 



.fun'^-fSs^., ".■'■-. »';fl 



i^^^g^gWSggg 



S^^MS^^^ 



in 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



I ] 



101 



ad remained 
)f some mills 

ours on the 
of war. No 
ir appearance 
1 among the 
; us in great 
es invariably 
leir master or 
elty. We of 
ranees of this 

30ut, binding 
al institution, 
)orhood, how- 
mills, several 
lountof flour, 
i Lynchburg 
jtured a large 
nd had been 
)er of horses 
. Seddon was 
t known,. It 
le negroes on 
near by, were 
he soldiers to 
Some excesses 
nselves to the 
houses. Tho 



•rrcatest damage was done by the negroes, who seemed 
frantic for plunder and revenge; it was especially so with 
ttie women. They invaded both mansions screaming for 
silk dresses, breaking furniture, and tearing everything to 
pieces they could lay hands upon. Pantries and closets 
wore thoroughly ransacked, judging from the appearance 
of tho ground outside the house. They said they were 
nearly starved, overworked and cruelly beaten without 
cause, and certainly exhibited a most miserable condition. 
The extent of the damage I did not observe, having been 
sent by Col. Dahlgren to search a house near by for Rebel 
correspondence, upon information given by negroes, and 
only returned a moment before we resumed the march. 
But it is certain that nothing of the character charged upon 
us by the Richmond authorities and newspapers, ever 
occurred^ such as wholesale plundering, wanton destruction 
of private property, carrying off plate and jewelry, etc. 
On the contrary the soldiers were restrained to the utmost, 
and were forced to return such plundered articles as were 
found in their possession. It was impossible to prevent 
some acts of disorder being committed upon the pro- 
perty of so prominent a Rebel official as Seddon, espe- 
cially under the example and imitation of his own house 
servants; but as to carrying off his plate and his wife's 
jewelry, I can say that I observed in the possession of one 
soldier only, anything resembling such articles. One man 
had a sugar basin, cake basket, and rouple of candlesticks, 
all apparently plaited ware of a very cheap description, of a 
pattern found in every shop window. These I ordered the 
man to throw down upon the lawn, and they were left lying 

therie. If Mrs. Seddon's plate and jewelry were all of the 
7 



f, 



It i 



il'i 






H 



102 



HiSTOHic Eecords. 



same character and value, she will be able to replace them 
without difficulty and at very slight expense. 

Sergt. D. n. Scofield, company K, learned that Gen 
Henry A. Wise was stopping in the neighborhood, and, after 
some search, discovered his whereabouts. He went to the 
place just as the redoubtable ex-governor mounted his 
horse. Scofield made after him, and quite an exciting chase 
ensued. The hero of Hatteras Island was not inclined to a 
personal encounter even with a single man, and, being well 
mounted, succeeded in making his escape into the woods. 

Unable to cross the James, there was but one way 
open to us — the western pike, running along the river and 
approaching llichmond from the west. Leaving a small 
force under Capt. Mitchell, 2d New York cavalry, to burn 
some mills and stores, Bahlgren pushed rapidly on with the 
rest of his command (halting only to dispose of the negro 
guide) until we arrived within seven miles of the city and 
■in sight of the outer line of fortifications. Here we halted 
about three P. M. at a cross road. Kilpatrick had been 
engaged on the Brook pike, the northern approach to the 
city, during the morning. We heard his guns for some 
time, but they had finally ceased, earlier in the day. Bahi- 
gren immediately dispatched scouts to communicate with 
him ; they never returned. We ascertained that the outer 
line of work in our front was held by a picket only, and made 
preparations to attack at dark. We had little hope of ac- 
complishing more than a reconnoissanoe. Kilpatrick had 
evidently withdrawn, and we could not hope to enter the 
city with our small party from this direction. Thi locomo- 
tive whistles on the opposite side of the James indicated 
thatreenforcements were rapidly ccniing in from the direc- 



;0 replace them 

ned that Gen 
liood, and, after 
He went to the 
r mounted his 

exciting chase 
ot inclined to a 
and, being well 
to the woods. 

but one way 
; the river and 
saving a small 
avalry, to burn 
dly on with the 
le of the negro 
of the city and 
Here we halted 
trick had been 
pproach to the 
guns for some 
he day. Bahi- 
imunicate with 
1 that the outer 
only, and made 
tie hope of ac- 
Kilpatrick had 
ipe to enter the 
Th3 locomo- 
nmes indicated 
from the direc- 



•5*e««a,w<,^.treSJ?1^f,'^|J»2 fr**«*!-«'' «i.-*««-<«,-.-«^-<^,"'^.'-.j^,.,,„,5^*„ 



Fifth New Yokk Cavalry. 



103 



tion of Petersburg. But Ddhlgreu observed chat we could 
gain some information of the ground and character of the 
defenses which might be useful at a future day. and besides, 
•yt were all unwilling to withdraw without at least an 
attempt to carry out the object of the expedition, however 
improbable the chances of success. We learned from per- 
sons coming from the city, whom we arrested, that Gen. 
Kilpatrick had retired after the attack in the morning, and 
the scouts having failed to report Lieut. Reuben Bartley, 
United States signal corps who accompanied the expedition. 
wa«, towards evening, sent out with a party to endeavor to 
find Kilpatrick or communicate with him. He proceeded 
across the country to the Brook pike and approached to within 
'd few miles of the city, but without success. He ascertained, 
aowever, that a large force of Eebel cavalry was out, and 
iiad great difficulty in avoiding several parties. As soon as 
evening set in Lieut. Bartley endeavored to open communi- 
cation with rockets but his signals were not replied to. 

Before attacking the enemy it was necessary to dispose 
of the ambulance containing signal rockets, materials for 
biirning bridges, &c., together with the negroes — several 
hundreds having followed us, on foot and mounted, some 
with bundles containing their movable possessions, some 
with an extra horse taken from the plantation in renumera- 
tion for services rendered, others barefoot and almost naked, 
but all happy in the conviction that they werr free. They 
were sent off in the direction of Hungary Station and 
awaited us near an old church which the signal officer had 
selected for observations. 

Arrangements being completed, at dusk, we moved down 
upon the enemy's pickets, who hastily retired, evidently in 



II,- 






u 



i»K 



W 



_3I U,J 



104 



Historic Record?. 



surprise. Wo pursued them rapidly inside the outer line 
of defenses — earthworks aubstantialiy constructed, but 
not mounted. The first real opposition we met was near the 
second line. Here they had rallied a considerable force, 
and evidently intended to make a stand under the protec- 
tion of a piece of woods where the road made a bend. Our 
charge in column was received with a heavy volley, and it 
became necessary to deploy, to dislodge them. Our men in 
the advance were quickly formed on the right of the road 
as skirmishers, and by gaining a position well up on the 
flank of the enemy, assisted materially in driving them out, 
which was done after three chc.rgea led by Col. Dahlgren 
and Major Cooke. The Rebels, consisting entirely of in- 
fantry, including the Richmond City battalion, broke across 
the fields for the town. Our men were dismounted and 
pursued them with the utmost impetuosity. The small 
column kept mounted on the pike alone maintaining their 
forui.ition. It was a scrub race, — across fields, fences and 
stone walls, we pressed after them, rallying, and scattering 
them repeatedly as they attempted to dispute our advance 
whenever a wall or house aflForded shelter. Between for- 
midable works, over rifle pits, ditches and every obstruction, 
with a cheer, a run and a volley from our Spencers, we 
crowded them back to the edge of the city. Here we 
encountered a heavy force formed in line of battle. It was 
now dark and the gas lights burning. We were inside the 
city limits, though the houses were scattered. Many of our 
boys expected at last to see the inside of the Rebel capitol. 
But the force in front was soon found to be too great for ua 
to contend with. Formed in skirmish line we could not 
entirely cover them. Still our men advanced gallantly to 



.:!<*vn!' -■■ 



^'•■TWiW^l 



he outer line 
structed, but 
t was near the 
lerable force, 
jr the proteo- 

a bend. Our 
volley, and it 
Our men in 
it of the road 
ell up on the 
ring them out. 
Col. Dahlgren 
jntirely of in- 
1, broke across- 
imounted and 
The small 
itaining their 
Is, fences and 
and scattering 
> our advance 

Between for- 
ry obstruction, 

Spencers, we 
ty. Here we 
attle. It was 
ere inside the 
Many of our 
Rebel capitol. 
DO great for ua 
we could not 
d gallantly to 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



106 



the attack, and even forced them back somewhat from their 
position, stubbornly hok!>Qg all we gained. Their right 
rested upon a hill descending abruptly into a swampy flat. 
This we could not turn in consequence of our small num- 
bers, and the colonel soon decided to withdraw. He said 
we hr.d gone " far enough " — and indeed had militia ardor 
been any of the most ardent, we would have found it quite 
too far. Leaving Capt. Mitchell with a strong party to 
cover our rear and check either pursuit or attack, Dahlgren 
proceeded to collect his scattered force, picking up a'l the 
wounded we could find in the dark. Having no means of 
conveyance, the assistant surgeon of the 2d New York was 
left in charge of them, and fell into the enemy's hands. 

We retired leisurely and without the slightest annoyance 
from the enemy. Their loss was variously stated by their 
newspapers to be from forty to seventy killed and wounded, 
including several oflScers. We h^d but one officer wounded, 
Lieut. Harris, 5th Michigan cavalry. Our losses in all 
could not be ascertained but probably did not exceed a 
dozen or fifteen. 

The route now pursued was in the direction of Hungary 
Station, on the Central rail road, taking up the signal officer 
and the rest sent away in the afternoon. Wo were obliged 
to force a citizen to become our guide, as the scout, sent from 
headquarters for that purpose, although assuring us that he 
kne'^ every foot of ground within thirty miles of Rich- 
mond, proved utterly inefficient. No one engaged in that 
night's march will ever forget its difficulties. The storm 
had set in with renewed fury. The fierce wind drove the rain, 
snoT7 and sleet. The darkness was rendered more intense by 
the thick pines which overgrew the road, and which dashed 



^i 



, 






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1 1' ; 



i f 



"^ if 






vll. 

'4 




106 



Historic Recoeds. 



into our faces almost an avalanche of water at every step. 
Using unfrequented wood roads we were halted frequently 
to remove trees fallen across the path, and to trace the course 
with our hands, for even the sagacity of the horses was often 
at fault. Tired and exhausted the men fell asleep upon their 
horses. It became necessary to march by file, and at every 
turn of the path to pass the word down to "turn to the right" 
or keep to the left of the tree. It was utterly impossible to 
see a yard in advance. Slowly and laboriously we toiled 
through ^ — the jaded animals stumbling and falling down, 
and when we finally reached Hungary Station, discovered 
that Capt. Mitchell and his party had become separated 
from us. They were unable to track us, although following 
close in our rear, but, more fortunate than ourselves, suc- 
ceeded, after hiding in the woods all night, in making their 
way to Kilpitrick, whom they joined next day near White 
House. 

Lt. Bartley had been informed by contrabands, that Gen. 
Kilpatrick had gone down the peninsula, with a large force 
of the enemy in his rear. Concluding, therefore, that it 
was impracticable to join him, Dahlgren, after consultation, 
decided upon making for Gloucester Point to join Gen. But- 
ler's army. We crossed the Chickahominy at McClellan's 
bridge, and, soon after, came upon a rebel ambulance train 
returning to Richmond with wounded from the scene of an 
attack made that night, upon the 2d Brigade of Kilpatrick's 
Division. For some time they were not aware of our char- 
acter, but were loud in their boasts that they had driven off 
the Yankees — their surprise was ludici^us when Col. Dahl- 
gren informed them that we were Yankees, and asked " if 
they did not think they were a nice lot of fellows." — De- 






,t every step, 
cd frequently 
ice the course 
irses was often 
ep upon their 
, and at every 
1 to the right" 
impossible to 
3ly we toiled 
falling down, 
n, discovered 
ome separated 
mgh following 
lurselves, suc- 
I making their 
ly near White 

ads, that Gen. 
1 a large force 
•efore, that it 
r consultation, 
join Gen. But- 
at McClellan's 
[ibulance train 
be scene of an 
of Kilpatrick's 
:e of our char- 
had driven oflf 
[len Col. Dahl- 
nd asked " if 
ellows." — De- 



'";?s*»'«(t»*'ffr'^»'i»'''»*rfli?,rT'?K?<;«pi^^ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



107 



taining them long enough to enable us to close up our own 
men, and after conversing with some of our wounded in the 
ambulances, but failing to gain any inforrxtion to guide us, 
we dismissed th..in, — t anticipating immediate pursuit, 
proceeded rapidly towards the Pamunkey river. Wo reached 
Hanovertown ferry about 8 o'clock A. M. Wednesday. The 
river was very high, and the flat-boat used at the ferry had 
been removed, but we discovered it hidden among the 
bushes on the opposite bank. Several of the boys stripped 
oflF their clothing and two succeeded in swimming over and 
bringing back the boat. The tow rope was found, and quick- 
ly stretched across and made fast. — Several hours were con- 
sumed in crossing. As soon as all hands were over we 
continued our march for the Mattapony river, encountering 
and dispersing several small parties of the enemy. 

After driving out a party of Rebels at Ayletts, we crossed 
the Mattapony about 2 p. m. using the ferry boat, (fortu- 
nately discovered some distance down the river), for the 
men, and swimming the horses. The crossing was effected 
in about an hour. When half the party had crossed an 
attack was made upon us, but it was easily repulsed by a 
few skirmishers. 

After crossing the Mattapony until we reached the scene 
of final disaster, we were engaged in constant skirmishing 
with the enemy who had collected from every point to op- 
pose our march. But a single road was available, and at 
every point of woods we were assailed by a volley from 
shot guns, carbines and rifles. Our flankers were captured 
almost as soon as sent out. The enemy invariably declined 
coming to close quarters, scattering before our repeated 
charges. Notwithstanding the annoyances, our progress, 



., ! 



11 t 



>/^3'M.V^^-ii^^•;<s?■: 



108 



Historic Records. 



though slow, was Htoady until about 6 p. M., when wo were 
forced to make a long halt to feed both horsea and men, 
both being utterly prostrated with fatigue and hunger. We 
stopped soon after crossing the Anseamancock creek, and a 
few miles from King and Queen Court House. Cora was 
procured in oviple quantity from a barn near by, and the men 
prooeedc(^ to cook their first meal for nearly thirty-six hours. 
Our party had become reduced to about seventy men. Seve- 
ral had been captured during the day, and a few wounded 
and left from necessity. Nearly all the effective force was 
with Capt. Mitchell, and consequently lost the night before. 
One hundred to one hundred and fifty contrabands still ad- 
hered to us. Ammunition was mostly exhausted, the ma- 
jority of the men having none at all. Some were slightly 
wounded, or so much exhausted as to be useless, but we 
still hoped to succeed in reaching Gloucester Point, opposite 
to which we would find some of Gen. Butler's army. After 
three hours' rest we aroused the men, not without exertion, 
and after getting them mounted, resumed the march. The 
night was again -tioririy, a drizzling rain falling. The road, 
as usual, rar through thick pine woods, rendering every ob- 
ject invisible. 

The first evidence of the enemy's being in advance was 
the absence of three men sent upon picket a short distance 
ahead of our halting place. Very soon after the discovery 
we were challenged. The advance guard consisted of but 
six men, all that could be spared from the column. Col. 
Dahlgren had ridden to the head of the advance guard a 
momvJit before we were challenged by the enemy. He was 
immediately followed by Major Cooke. I responded to the 
challenge by demanding " who are you ?" The word was re- 



/ 



_^-rnarw^*^r?f >^' ^.-t*'' rv,: ... , ,-., r,:;-. .... . . ..,»..,»„5p_^,, _,^.,,,.^ ,, 



Fifth New Youk Cavalry. 



109 



lien we were 
ae8 and men, 
hunger. We 
creek, and a 
). Cora was 
■,and the men 
irty-six hours, 
y men. Seve- 
Few wounded 
ive force was 
night before, 
lands still ad- 
sted, the ma- 
were slightlj 
sless, but we 
'olnt, opposite 
army. After 
.out exertion, 
march. The 
g. The road, 
ring every ob- 

advance was 
short distance 
the discovery 
isisted of but 
jolumn. Col. 
vance guard a 
imy. He was 
ponded to the 
i word was re- 



peated and the colonel immediately culled out, " surrender or 
we will shoot you "--and snapped his pistol, the cap only 
exploding. The next instant a heavy volley was poured in 
upon us. The flash of the pieces aflbrded us a momentary 
glimpse of their position stretching parallel with the road 
about fifteen paces from us. Every tree was occupied, and 
the bushes poured forth a sheet of fire. A bullet grazing 
my leg and probably .striking my horse somewhere in the 
neck, caused him to make a violent spring sideways. I was 
aware of some one dropping beside me, and attracted by a 
movement upon the ground, demanded who ii was. Major 
Cooke replied, that his horse had been shot. Neither of 
ns knew, at the moment, of the death of Dahlgren, though 
he was not four feet from us when he fell. A scout 
who had been somewhat in advance, new returned and 
reported that the road was barricaded two hundred yards 
ahead, and wiis impassable. In a moment a heavy fire was 
opened upon the flank and rear of our column. Major 
Cooke desired me to go back and assist the colonel to take 
care of it. We both supposed he had escaped, as not a 
groan was heard, and everything was invisible in the dark- 
ness. Leaving Major Cooke, who was extricating himself 
from his horse, I rode back to the column. Dahlgren waa 
not there, and I now knew that he had fallen, as there were 
but four in the group ahead when the volley was fired 

Instantly ordering all who had ammunition to fire into 
the bushes to check a charge, which would have routed us, 
the column was moved ahead, until a slight opening in the 
thick woods enabled us to turn off the road and form into 
line. The road was graded down about four feet with 
perpendicular banks supported by. cedar boughs interlaced. 



1) 



.' .i 



'\.' 






'I- 



/ 



110 



Historic Recobds. 



in a manner tUMjuently soon in Virginia. OrJoring the 
fence thrown down, the men were immediately brought into 
line, lacing the road. Major Cooke had now returned. 
Wo soon dincovered that we were in a small clearing on 
rising ground surrounded by the forest. Moving back a 
few yards for more space, we massed the negroes compactly 
in the rear, and awaited the enemy. The men stood per- 
fectly firm though almost all of them were utterly destitute 
of animunition, and fully aware of the hopelessness of our 
position. After a time we discovered that the enemy did 
not propose to attack us. We wore aware that two battalions 
of cavalry were at King and Queen Court House, which we 
hoped to flank by a road about two miles from the town. Wo 
were now cut ofiF from this road by the force ahead and the 
barricades. There was no other road in the vicinity but the 
one we had been marching upon. The country was broken 
up in rough hills, thickly wooded, or dense jungles, render- 
ing it utterly impracticable to make our way across the coun- 
try mounted. We were also cut off from the rear, and could 
not retrace our steps, and soon discovered that we were 
entirely surrounded. The two prisoners, during the cou- 
fusion, had made their escape, as well as thu citizen guide 
whom we had pressed into service, and th" enemy were 
aware that our ammunition was exhausted. An inspection 
showed that less than thirty rounds remained in the whole 
party. I had but a single pistol cartridge myself, which I 
had reserved for a last recourse. 

Uader these disastrous circumstances, Major Cooke, after 
a consultation with Lt. Bartley and myself, decided upon 
the necessity of breaking up the party in the hope of get- 
ing through the enemy's line dismounted, and by spreading 



FiFTU New York Cavalry. 



Ill 



Ordering the 
y brought into 
now returned, 
ill clcuring on 
Moving back a 
;roe8 compactly 
men stood per- 
tterly destitute 
lessuess of our 
the enemy did 
,t two battalions 
)U8e, which wo 
the town. Wo 
ahead and the 
vicinity but the 
try was broken 
uugles, render- 
icross the coun- 
rear, and could 

that we were 
uring the cou- 
li citizen guide 
h" enemy were 

An inspection 
id in the whole 
nyself, which I 

jor Cooke, after 
decided upon 
le hope of get- 
ad by spreading 



out in twos and threes, to baffle pursuit, and accomplish the 
remaining twenty-five miles which we estimated to be the 
distance to Gloucester Point. Major Cooke and myself 
together made a careful reconnoissauce, and found that we 
were closely surrounded by a large force. Their fires could 
be seen at several pointa, and so near were they that their 
voices, in conversation, were plainly audible. The men were 
dismounted, and ordered to drive tlieir sabres into the 
ground and picket their horses to them, it being impossible to 
kill the animals without attracting notice. The Spencer car- 
bines were destroyed by removing and throwing away, or 
burying the chambers, and breaking the magazine tubes. 
The me'ii were instructed to take only their bolts, revolvers 
and haversacks, that they might not be impeded b/ a heavy 
load which would be soon abandoned, affording evidence of 
the trail, and assist pursuit. As soon as these arrangements 
were silently made, we desired them to select companions 
ind to form into parties of three or four, when we gave them 
the points of direction as nearly as could be determined, 
and bade them good bye. One of the men made a collec- 
tion of cartridges and brought me a charge for two revolvers. 
I shall never forget the kind act. 

About forty men departed in this manner, the rest, being 
too much exhausted, remained on the ground and surren- 
dered themselves next morning. The negroes we had to 
abandon to their fate. After all who could do so, had with- 
drawn, Major Cooke, Lieut. Bartley, myself and three 
scouts, took our departure, which we effected by creeping 
on hands and knees for about half a mile, between the 
different parties and posts of the Rebels. We traveled 
until daybreak when we secreted ourselves in a jungle of 



i) . 






I 



1 m 



112 



Historic Records. 



young pines, where we passed the day principally in sleep, 
which we greatly needed. When night returned we re- 
sumed our journey. After traveling several miles we con- 
cluded to stop at an isolated cabin to procure food. We 
entered the place and found an old man, overseer of the 
plantation, and his wife. They consented with apparent 
willingness to give us supper, and prepare a supply of food 
to carry with us, for which we offered to pay liberally. The 
old man built a blazing fire and we all gathered around the 
hearth to infuse a little warmth into our benumbed limbs. 
Suddenly the door was opened and before we could grasp 
our pistols from beneath our clothing, where we bad carried 
them, to keep them dry, the room was filled with soldiers, 
who demanded our surrender, and we were forced to comply. 

The lead • of the party was the owner of the plantation, 
captain of home guards, and Rev. Mr. Bagley, pastor of a 
Baptist church. This gentleman of three-fold calling took 
us to his own house near by, where a plentiful supper was 
already prepared for his band, who had been beating the 
woods all day in search of our fugitives. The chagriu 
occasioned by our escape from their well contrived ambush 
had stimulated their exertions, and they had been rewarded 
with almost comploto success, only three of our party 
making good their escape. The country was completely 
aroused. Every man, and even women, children and dogs 
took part in the search. 

We were apparently objects of great interest. Numbers 
came to gratify their curiosity with a view of us. Our 
captors guarded us most assiduously, pistol in hand, or, while 
engaged at supper, kept them beside their plates. Major 
Cooke asserts that the parson said grace with a cocked revol- 



■''•.' ^ ■■-■■•' -'?^^s«»^jss*a^!igi«%fi^iii^ji^^ ^ 



TiFTH New York Cavalry. 



118 



pally in sleep, 
turned we re- 
miles we con- 
re food. We 
verseer of the 
with apparent 
supply of food 
liberally. The 
:ed around the 
lumbed limbs, 
ve could grasp 
(re had carried 
with soldiers, 
ced to comply, 
the plantation, 
y, pastor of a 
id calling took 
ul supper was 
en beating the 
The chagrin 
trived ambush 
been rewarded 
of our party 
as completely 
dreu and dogs 

ist. Numbers 
J of us. Our 
land, or, while 
plates. Major 
, cocked revel- 



er in his hand. After supper we were removed to the "best 
room," where shake downs were prepared, and we viewed 
with great satisfaction the arrangements for a good right's 
rest. Our slumbers were guarded by five vigilant parti- 
sans, sitting cross kneed with leveled revolvers. Twice 
(luring the night I was aroused by the ceremony of 
changing guard, but found them always on the alert, a 
pistol being brought to bear upon me the moment my eyes 
opened. They were .withal courteous enough, except that 
tliey would inflict upon us their views on the secession and 
war questions, and scoff at the folly of attempting to conquer 
the South, and while treating us with no small degree of 
deference, would assert their profound contempt for Yankees 
universally. 

Next morning, after a breakfast the precise counterpart 
of supper, and which 1 hold in grateful remembrance to 
this day, and reverted to in imagination many a time during 
subsequent days of short commons, the parson politely but 
firm'y demanded our watches, and other articles of personal 
property, which were handed over with no little reluctance 
and indignation. Seeming to think that some apology was 
necessary for conduct so plainly in violation of both clerical 
and military character, he explained that his loss had been 
very great, and " that it was his only means of making him- 
self whole." Besides, he remarked, if he did not get the 
plunder it would be taken from us in Richmond, and he 
might as well have it as the officials there, who were all 
thieves and raacals. "Well, perhaps the parson was right. He 
certainly estimated his Richmond friends at tht' true stand- 
ard of morality. 

From these people we learned .the particulars of Dahl- 

10 



' 1 • 



t ' 



'if? 



-• Iff 



114 



Historic Records. 



gren's fate.i His body was found perforated with five 
bullets, and his death had been instantaneous. One of them, 
a physician, au intelligent, and in appearance, respectable 
man, assured me that the remains were buried in a decent 
manner. He said that the best joiner in the neighborhood 
had been employed to make the coffin, which was of stained 
wood, the best material available. He alro stated that it 
was the universal wish to give a fitting burial to so gallant 
a soldier. It was an after thought which doubtless eminated 
from Richmond, to disinter, and heap wrath and indignity 
upon the senseless corpse of a dauntless foe. We were 
subsequently informed that the body had been mutilated 
before burial by a Lieut. Hart, 7th Virginia cavalry, who 
severed one of the fingers to possess himself of a valuable 
ring worn by tie colonel; but the act was regarded as so 
disgraceful, that several soldiers of the same regiment who 
witnessed the act and informed us of it, said that the 
scoundrel deserved to be shot. 

After breakfast Friday morning, March 4th, we were 
turned over to Capt. Magruder of the cavalry, who escorted 
us to Biohmond, a distance of forty miles, where we arrived 
Saturday evening, foot sore and hungry, to be transferred to 
the tender mercies of Major Thomas P. Turner, and his 



1 As our book goes to press (November, 1866) we find a telegram 
in the papers, relating to the remains of Col. Dahlgren, which we 
gladly insert in our pages. The search for his remains was long 
and earnest, and finally successful. *' Philadelphia, Penn., Nov. 
Ist. The remains of Col. Ulrio Dahlgren laid in state in Inde- 
pendence Hall during the night and the funeral took place this 
morning. Among the distinguished mourners were Admiral 
Dahlgren, Generals Meade and Humphries and Major Henry." 



^ 



ted with five 
One of them, 
se, respectable 
id in a decent 
neighborhood 
was of stained 
stated that it 
1 to so gallant 
tless euiinated 
and indignity 
be. We were 
een mutilated 
i cavalry, who 
of a valuable 
regarded as so 
regiment who 
said that the 

4th, we were 
J, who escorted 
lere we arrived 
8 transferred to 
urner, and his 

e find a telegram 
tlgren, which we 
emains was long 
ihia, Penn., Nov. 
in state in Inde- 
took place this 
8 were Admiral 
[ajor Henry." 



\ 



'^'?!}. W^*f^-^%7ss< . ^ - »^>f mf>^m*tn--mv'm»fv/fmi^^^ 



\ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



115 



fellow Samaritan, Inspector Dick Turner, who provided us 
with a dungeon in the cellar of Libby Prison, where we 
were considerately informed we should remain until 
arrangements were completed to hang us. 

It would be improper to conclude this paper without 
alluding to the good conduct of the men of the Fifth New 
York. Through the entire raid their behavior elicited fre- 
quent and earnest commendation from Col. Dahlgren, and 
reflected credit upon the regiment. But all connected with 
the expedition did their duty well, and if gallantry or 
endurance could have won success they would not have 
failed to grasp it. All entered ardently into the spirit of 
the enterprise, inspired by the example of the " one legged 
colonel," whose noble memory no Eebel vandal can ever 
mutilate or tarnish. 

Casualties of the 5th N. Y. Cavalry. 

Lieut. H. A. D. Merritt, Co.K, captured, escaped from prison, Co- 
lumbia, S. C, November 28, 1864. 
Corp. Alfred Richards, Co. I, captured, survived, and was exch'd. 
Pvt. Charles F. Smith, " " " « <• « « 

" John A. Lundin, 
Corp. George Munroe, 
Pvt. John Phillips, 

" James D. Dowd, 

" David Howe, 

" Franz Briell, 
Sgt. John Hardy, 
Pvt. Frank Wood, 

" Herman Harmes, 
Farrier James Welsh, •« K, 
Pvt. George Tresch, " " 

March 4<A. A detail of the regiment for picket remained 



" K, 

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f« (I 

" I, 

i< <( 

II II 



41 
II 



II 



II 



II 
II 
II 
H 
II 
II 



died at Andersonville, Qa. 

11 II II II 

i< II II II 

II II II II 

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■ii.n'ST-s.Sff-faifs :.■ 



mm?>>. 



116 



Historic Records. 



here when the raiders left. To-day they were attacked 
near Fields' Ford, by bushwhackers, and severely handled. 

March Wth. Our pickets were again attacked near 
Southard's Cross Roads, but succeeded in driving the eueuiy 
away, after a brief engagement. 

March 12</t. Judt before dark, our weary raiders returned 
to camp, making the hills resound with their shouts of joy. 
From them we learn the following particulars. Kilpatrick 
moved his command rapidly, reaching the fortifications of 
llichmond in the afternoon of March 1st. A vigorous 
attack was made on these fortified lines, while the general 
waited to hear from Dahlgren, who, by the perfidy of a 
guide, failed to fulfill his part of the programme. At night 
Kilpatrick withdrew, crossed the Ghickahominy at r>I«adow 
Bridge, and, in the midst of a drizzling storm of sleet and 
hail, bivouacked with his weary troopers. Scarcely had 
the bivouac fires begun to illuminate the darkness of tho 
night, when Hampton's Legions made a desperate attack 
upon our forces. All that dreary night our men marched, 
and, continuing their journey the next day, they passed by 
Old Church, where they scattered the last band of Rebels 
that hung upon their rear. The march was continued 
down the Peninsula. Annoyed only occasionally by bush- 
whackers on their way, our boys finally found safety and 
rest in the department of General Butler, near Yorktown. 
The division was brought in transports to Alexandria, 
whence it marched to its camps at Stevensburg. 

March 14/A. The veterans left this morning for home on 
their thircy-five days' furloughs. They were a happy com- 
pany. 

April 22d. Our division of cavalry, with a large force 



ri>»jitw;-^)iJj?^^^|S5V?y Jg?»'%»!s!>r,0>^->«^'- -^^^ ,-~t^ 



'W 



;re attacked 
iy handled, 
tacked near 
g tlie enemy 

lers returned 
liouts of joy. 
Kilpatrick 
^ifications of 
A vigorous 
the general 
perfidy of a 
ne. At night 
y at Meadow 
of sleet and 
Scarcely had 
•kness of the 
)erate attack 
uen marched, 
dey passed by 
md of Rebels 
as continued 
ally by bush- 
ad safety and 
ar Yorktown. 
I Alexandria, 

g- 

; for home on 

a happy com- 
a large force 



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A^. 



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116 



Ih ■ ■ :«is Recovds. 






{..■rf. «'. :. i;j« ■■ .-iit-r'. '>••». To J":? !^u^y wern attack«.-i 
■j«u: F ■ : ■ '-i '*' .mrfhwH^ti.-*'!*. »U''' severely hiiDdle<J 
^ ^ ufrf Our ;(..Uf# wuro a:iT*in attacked u-mr 
t- ,*s Roau>4,i.iit. suoceoded it. siriviug the eaeuij' 
j; brief eimagei««ttt. 
./«:,.;/. 1'2<A.. .1iiK« bel'ore dark, oar weury raiders rctunwd 
;,... *-amp, makiug the hills resound with tUeir sbouts of juy 
!■ rem; tl>«u! wa leara the following part.iottI(»rr . Kilpaipck 
moVKil his couuiiaud rapitily, reachiug thu furtificationv of 
'li.hiuond in the aftAirnoou of March Ist. A vigo^.•}* 
att^ick wuF made on Uicsa fortified Ymua, while the geii<.rjii 
waited, t'^ hear fro la Dtthlgren, who,' by the prQdy wf * 
guide, fmUid s^.i fuifill hi part of the prugrttir.iuo At lUjc^A 
Ktiy..M'!k withurevv. cTt«js<jd ih« ChJck^hosniiiV at Mea>i«w 
}ti.'i"f , »u<i. so the laidst of a drizaiiug storm of aleet aiul 
hail, I ivoufiokod with his weary trooper.^j. Scarcely htfi 
thebivi.unc fire." begun to illuminate .ho darUrK'-^s of tiw 
niiiht, «hen ILiOiptots'ti Legions made a de;-p'riit.' att«-.i 
upon our ioroca. AH that dieary night our m<in U'.aroht:;. 
au'l, continuing their journey the neit day, ihey passed i'\ 
Old Chnroh, where they Hoatt^red the last ijaud of Rebt i& 
that Ming v.]mju tbcir roar The maroh '.viw coutinu.-i 
.,t.'>wn the l'<iniu!»ula. AuDoyid only oeoasionally by bush- 
wh>tcker« oa ib^F «sy, our boj8 finally fouud isifety aui 
raft! in the departwsnt of acnoral Butler, near York town 
The diviaioii was bruu^ht in transports to Alesundriii, 
.(■hence it njarched to it"' ",amps at Stov6n*burg. 

'^a- " Hth. The veterans le^t this Dio-aiug for home vU 
tht"./ thirty five daya' furloughs. They were a happy com- 
pany 

Aprif SJ.<i Our division of cavalry, with a large forte 



«SM9W:«.i>»v-««»'(jJ5|^W»Jt^*^¥¥.\^^ 



roly hiiodleri 
att<)(;keil u-imr 
iug the cuctji- 

liders rctunwi 
sboutfl of joy 
r. Kilpatr'i^i;. 
)rtifications oi' 

le the gen<.»ai 
e parfidy i,i % 
niu« At nifc'jl 
iiiV at Mea-irw 
tu of sleet a) id 
Scarcely hud 
larkhiv^s of tiw 
iip^'riit.' attn;4 

in<in U'.arohti. 

ihey passed b.^ 
band of Ilel>. ia 

T^'AA coutirju>"i. 
jually by hw&h- 
luud Kiifety au.i 
near York to wn 
to Alfsundiiii, 
arg. 

ug for lionie vU 
■e a hiippy c(nw- 

th a large fortft 




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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



119 



of infantry, appeared in review before Lieut. General 
Grant, on the Plains of Stevensburg. The army is very 
unthusiastic over its oommander-in-chief. Some change 
lijLs recently taken place in our cavalry. Gen. Eilpatrick 
iia8 been asHigned to a larger command in the west, and Gen. 
.John H. Wilson succeeds him. Gen. Davies is also removed 
to some other position, and Col. Molntosh commands the 
first brigade, which is now composed of the 18th Pennsyl- 
vania, Ist Connecticut, 2d New York, and 5th New York. 

April 29t/t. Orders were issued early this morning to 
break up winter quarters, preparatory to the campaign, 
which is about to open. The regiment moved about half a 
mile, near brigade headquarters, which are in the house of 
a Mr.^ Rosa. 

^Vay 2d. The day had been fine until about five P. M., 
with only an occasional cloud, which floated lazily through 
the sky. At this time a terrible commotion of the elements 
was observed in the west, and heavy clouds of dust arose 
from the hills about Culpepper, and swept down over the 
plains in the direction of our camps. In an incredibly 
short time from its appearance, the tornado struck us, with 
a fury and force seldom witnessed. Scarcely a tent was left 
standing, while pieces of tents, shelters, boards, articles of 
clothing, papers, &o., were flying on the wings of the wind. 
At times the dust suffocated and blinded us. Horses broke 
loose from their fastenings and ran about in wild dismay. 
Men laughed at each other's calamities or ran to each 
other's relief. This carnival of winds continued about twenty 
minutes, and was followed by a cold rain, which fell upon our 
unsheltered heads. With much difficulty some shelters wero 
replaced, and a tolerable night's rest was enjoyed. 



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s-.-^l 




CHAPTER Vni. 

Array of the Potomac. — Qood Condition. — First Steps of the 
Great Campaign under Qen. Qrant. — The Fifth New York opens 
the Dattle of the Wilderness at Parlter's Store. — Detailed at Army 
Headquarters. — Scenes at the Hospital. — Lines of Battle. — 
Second Day. — Lee breaks our Lintr twice. — Is Repulsed. — 
Col. Hammond Ordered to Qermania Ford. — Is Placed in Com- 
mand of Provisional Brigade of Cayalry. — Brings up Rear on 
First Left Flank Movement. — Skirmishes on the Ny and Po 
Rivers. — Affair at the Maltapony. — Sergeant Sortore Killed. — 
His Burial. — Battle of Milford Station. — A. Stratagem at Little 
River. — Vast Forests of Virginia. — Battle of Ashland Station 
— Dark, Muddy March along the Pamunkey — Tedious March iu 
Roar of a Supply Train. — Men Sleep on their Horses. — At 
Charles City C. H. — Fight at White Oak Swamps. — Jfay 8d 
to June 16M, 1864. 

The Army of the Potomac had never been in as good 
condition as Gen. Grant found it in the spring of 1864. 
All winter long its ranks had been filling up, and its drill 
grounds around the camps had been thoroughly trodden. 
" Numbers and thorough discipline" had been the motto of 
its masters. The rank and file were largely made up of 
veterans, who had seen service for three years of hard cam- 
paigning, and who had reenlisted for three yxirs more, if 
their services were needed all that time. This was a great 
element of power. The supplies from the quartermaster 
and commissary departments Wf^re abundant and generally 



^««!»f.Wi»»«»»w >»fsnr!^"5'A-3^ 



Fifth New Youk Cavalry. 



121 



. First Steps of the 
ifth Now York opens 
). — Detailed at Army 

Lines of Battle. — 
le. — Is Repulsed. — 
— Is Placed in Com- 
-Brings up Rear on 

on the Ny and Po 
int Sortore Killed. — 
\. Stratagem at Little 
B of Aehland Station 
■ — Tedious March in 

their Horses. — At 

Swamps. — Jfay 3rf 

r been in aa good 
16 spring of 1864. 
ng up, and its drill 
horoughly trodden. 

been the motto of 
largely made up of 

years of hard cam- 

hree jp<\rs more, if 

This was a great 

the quartermaster 
dant and generally 



pr.tisfactory. Great confidence was reposed in our military 
leaders, who had shown themselves worthy of the positions 
tlii'y occupied. The Lieutenant General, under whoso im- 
mediate superintendence this army was about to move, was 
everywhere received with the most enthusiastic applause, 
while no one doubted but that he could plan a campaign 
and execute its movements with an ability equal to any 
general of the ago. 

Such was the Army of the Potomac on the 3d of May, 
when it received orders to bo ready to move at 12 o'clock 
that night. Day by day, as we had watched the smoke 
ascending from the camp fires of the Rebel army just across 
the rapid river, we had gathered fresh inspiration ; and we 
knew that but a shoit journey would bring ns face to face 
with our confident enemy, whom we expected to drive be- 
fore us. 

The order for preparation to move was obeyed readily 
throughout our camps, and but a few minutes past 12 at 
night the bugles sounded " To Horse," and the cavalrymen 
were ready for the march. The third division moved down 
to Germania Ford, where it forded the stream early on the 
morning of the 4th, and the rising sun shone upon its flags, 
already borne over earthworks which the enemy had used 
on former occasions, but which we now found deserted. 
The enemy's plan seems to have been this — to place no 
obstacle to our advance, and when the army was fairly 
across the river, and had entered the wilderness country, to 
fall upon it, break its ranks, and compel a hasty and disas- 
trous retreat. But in this he had mistakenhissubjects, aa 
the sequel proved. 

The cavalry advanced on the plank road toward Ghan- 



'1 



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i?'4>" 



122 



lIisTouic Records. 



oollorsville, just beyond WilJcrnoss Tavern, where the plank 
road from Orange Court House intercepts thif. Here the 
Fifth New York wan detached from the division and ordered 
to proceed to Parker's store, where it was to establish a 
Btrong line of pickets. Meanwhile the cavalry corps, now 
under command of Gen. Sheridan, set out on a grand raid 
toward lliohmond, often meeting and defeating the enemy's 
cavalry, and killing its chief, Oen. J. E. B. Stuart, 

May 5th. Occasional shots were fired during the night, 
and, at the break of day, a heavy column of Rebel infantry 
made ita appearance on our front. The whole line soon 
became desperately engaged. This was the first blow of 
the great battle of the Wilderness. For this honor the 
regiment paid dearly. Having sent word to General 
Meade that a heavy column of infantry was advancing, and 
that he would " check them as long as possible," Col. 
Hammond kept the regiment well in line, encouraging the 
men with his presence and action. Many of the men were 
dismounted, and their Spencer carbines made the dense 
woods ring, and told with fearful effect upon the enemy. 
Prisoners, afterwards captured from this attacking division, 
swore that a whole brigade must have been in their front. 
Fighting with a during rarely equaled, and compelled to fall 
back belbre superior numbers, we nevertheless held them at 
bay for five hours, until relieved by a portion of the Gth 
Corps. Our service had been most important to our army, 
but the regiment had suffered a loss of 13 killed, 22 
wounded, and 24 known to have been inpturcd, besides 15 or 
20 from whom tidings have never since been heard. They 
were probably killed. Among those known to have been killed 
was Captain L. McGuinn, Co. A, a most gallant young 



1 



.:^-''""-'' 



rr 



Fifth New Youk Cavalry. 



128 



, where the plank 
thif. Here the 
ision and ordered 
ras to CBtablirih a 
avalry corps, now 
; on a grand raid 
iting the enemy's 
i. Stuart, 
luring the night, 
of Rebel infantry 
whole line soon 
the firBt blow of 
ir this honor the 
word to General 
as advancing, and 
as possible," Col. 
, encouraging the 
r of the men were 
I made the dense 
t upon the enemy, 
attacking division, 
en in their front, 
i compelled to fall 
eless held them at 
portion of the Gth 
irtani to our army, 
of 13 killed, 22 
urcd, besides 15 or 
been heard. They 
to have been killed 
lost gallant young 



officer. A correspondent of the N. Y. Ilerald makes his 
bow to the regiment, on this occasion, and says: 

" The Fifth New York Cavalry was detached from Colonel 
Mcintosh's command for duty under the immediate orders 
of General Meade. This was a compliment well earned by 
its gallant conduct at I'arker's store. It is under the com- 
mand of Colonel Hammond, one of the best officers in the 
service." 

The regiment 'having reported to General Meade, was 
ordered to bivouac just in the rear of the old Wilderness 
Tavern. But now came the care of the wounded. In am- 
bulances, when they could bo secured, or on stretchers, they 
were conveyed to the hospital, established only about a milo 
in rear of the line of battle, at a small house in the woods. 
Some of the poor fellows were fearfully mangled. Private 
Anson Jones, Co. A, had his left arm completely fractured 
from the elbow to the shoulder. He died from the ampu- 
tation. 1st Sergeant Cross, Co. L, had likewise a broken 
arm. Private Charles Westerfiel4, Co. 13, had a fractured 
thigh, which, however, was saved from the amputating blade. 
But the most terrible wound to look upon was that of pri- 
vate John W. Slyter, Co. K. A ball had passed through 
his mouth, tearing it out at least one inch back on both 
sides, breaking out most of his teeth, and cutting the 
tongue down to the root, though the end still hung to its 
place, a helpless appendage. He survived the awful shock, 
and was afterwards transferred to the Invalid Corps, subse- 
quently known as the Veteran Reserve. But time would 
fail us to specify even a hundredth part of the mutilation 
which was presented at the hospital on that terrible day. 
In the deep wilderness the" battle was raging fiercely. 



I, ■ . ■ 



j'rS., 



II i:l V 



J~,™- 



124 



Historic Records. 



From the battle line to the hospital was constantly passing 
a train of ambulances laden with our suflForing comrades, 
wounded in cv.^ry conceivable manner from the crown of the 
head to the soles of the feet. Occasionally a groan escaped 
from some poor dying follow, whose last word or little token 
of remembrance, such as a daily perused Testament, or cher- 
ished portrait, had been deposited with some more fortunate 
comrade to be sent to friends far away, to testify that even 
in death they were not forgotten. Remarkable, however, is 
the stillness of the hospital. How calmly the brave boys 
endure the wounds received in defense of their beloved 
country I How cheerfully even they approach the amputat- 
ing taole, to awake from the operation with the painful 
consciousness of loss of limbs, which no artificer cau 
fully replace. 

Now and then there comes from the battle field a 
wounded man who is able to falk, and who supports with 
one hand its bloody, mangled mate. At times, two men 
may be seen approaching^ supporting between them their less 
fortunate companion, whose bloody garments tell that he had 
faced the foe. By every means possible our wounded were 
brought from the field of carnage to be cared for at the 
hospital, but in the vast multitude of disabled ones many 
were left, who afterwards sufiered from fires which broke out 
and ran far and wide among the dry leaves of the woods. 

The line of battle to-day was somewhat in the form of a 
horseshoe. General Grant having the inner circle. His 
headquarters, near General Meade's, were well up toward 
our extreme right. General Lee's attack was mostly on the 
extremo wings, but with greater fury on our left. Amid 
the roaring of the musketry, which continued till late at 



instantly passing 
foring comrades, 
the crown of the 
a groan escaped 
rd or little token 
stament, or cher- 
le more fortunate 
testify that even 
cable, however, is 
f the brave boys 
of their beloved 
)ach the amputat- 
with the painful 
no artificer cau 

[le battle field a 
rho supports with 
t times, two men 
;en them their less 
its tell that he lad 
aur wounded were 
cared for at the 
aabled ones many 
es which broke out 
es of the woods. 
,t in the form of a 
inner circle. His 
ire well up toward 
: was mostly on the 
1 our left. Amid 
ntinued till late at 



JS^.*^'iysa*r?#*«i«^;^S*'«^^*"'^^^ 



1 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



125 



night, the regiment sought rest not a mile from the line of 
battle, near our left flank. 

May Qth. The opening day looked on the renewal of the 
conflict. Each antagonist, rousing every slumbering element 
of power, seemed resolved upon victory or death. All day 
long they struggled for the mastery. So dense was the 
forest where they fought, that artillery could scarcely be 
used, and the lines of battle were only a few yards apart. 
About noon General Lee threw a heavy force upon our left 
with the design of turning our position. The onset was 
partially successful. The 9th corps (General Burnside's) re- 
ceived the shook, and was broken ; but the repulse was only 
■momentary. Bringing up his reserve and gathering his 
broken lines, the general hurled them against the exultant 
foe, driving him bacK, and regaining the ground which had 
been lost. 

Gen. Lee, having failed upon our left, repeated the 
operation with redoubled fury, upon our right, just at night. 
His endeavor, for a time, gave promise of success. The 
old 6th corps, in which the utmost confidence had been 
placed by the commanding general, was posted in this im- 
portant position. Notwithstanding its former prestige, it 
could not withstand the terrible blows that were dealt upon 
it. For a time, the rout that followed threatened disaster. 
General Grant's headquarters were soon within musket 
range of the advancing Rebels, and doubtless would have 
been removed to a safer place, had not the general " resolved 
to fight it out on this line." His band was quickly advanced 
in the woods as far as possible, where it struck up Yankee 
Poodle. Inspired by the notes, which sounded clearly on 
the evening air, our men were reformed, and, with a wild 



Li 



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126 



Historic Rkcohds. 



shout of battle, they charged the enemy, and drove him 
back to his former lines. 

The regiment had been ordered from the left to the right 
wing, just in time to prevent the stragglers from our broken 
lines passing far to the rear. After our position was 
reestablished we rested for the night. 

May 1th. Early this morning, the following order was 
received : 



; li^AD QtJABTBES, 6th Army Corps, ") 
May 7th, 1864. / 

Col. Hammond, Commanding 5th N. Y. Cavalry : 

Gen. Sedgwick directs (in accordance with orders from 

headquarters Army Potomac and General Grant) that you 

move forward and remain as far as possible near Germania 

Ford, and report immediately any movements of the enemy. 

Be sure that no force of the enemy crosses the plank road 

without notifying General Sedgwick at once. 

By command of Major General Sedgwick, 

C. A. Written, 

Major and A. A. A. G. 

The regiment marched to th ^ vl on receiving the order, 
and picketed the road, with > > nthax cavalry regiments, 
which we found posted on m.- . , .^i 2 p. M. an attack 
was mr,de with cavalry and ligut v- .<j:y, on the two regi- 
ments above mentioned. They bro)^ and fled, exposing 
our left, thus compelling us also to fall back, which we did 
quite rapidly down the river, nearly as fi^r as Ely's Ford. 
On our way toward the plank road again, at no great dis- 
tance from the river, Colonel Hammond received another 
order. 



, aud drove him 

left to the right 
from our broken 
ar position was 

lowing order was 

Army Corps, "» 
ay 7th, 1864. / 

Cavalry : 

rith orders from 

Grant) that you 

le near Germania 

ata of the enemy. 

es the plank road 

ce. 

dgwick, 

^.. Whitten, 

li A. A. A. G. 

'.ceiving the order, 
savalry regiments, 
2 p. M. an attack 
J, on the two regi- 
and fled, exposing 
ck, which we did 
f£^r as Ely's Ford, 
in, at no great dis- 
d received another 



'''W»imWl^m*Mmp'm^^mm^.<i^^'mmm^'f}imm^»tsms^i^m'* 






Fifth New York Cavalry. 



127 



Hbad Quabtkes, 6th Army Corps, "1 
May 7th, 1864. j 

Commanding Officer of 22d N. Y. and 2d Ohio Cavalry : 

You will report immediately to Lt. Col. Hammond, Fifth 

New York Oavalry, who is hereby ordered to take command 

of all the cavalry on the Germania plank road. 

By command of Major General Sedgwick, 

C. A. Whitten, 

Major and A. A. A. G. 

Having made such disposition of his command as was 
necessary to check any further advance of the enemy, Ooi. 
Hamriond moved the regiment, near the spot where we 
bivGiacked last night, arriving late. While we were cook- 
ing our suppers by our bivouac fires, suddenly the wilder- 
ness before us became vocal with deafening cheers, extending 
up and down our vast army lines. Lee had been outgene- 
raled, hia lines driven back, his right almost broken, and 
Grant was prepared for his first left flank movement. Be- 
fore we slept, still another important order was received. 

Head Qcabtbrb, 6th Corps, 't 
May 7th, 1864. / 

Col. Hammond, Commanding Cavalry : 

You will please remain with your command near the old 

Wilderness Tavern, until you are notified by Maj. Gen. 

Hancock, that his corps and pickets are withdrawn. Gen. 

Hancock's pickets are to be withdrawn at 2 A. M. (two 

o'clock A. M.) Upon being so notified you will follow the 

2d Corps. 

By command of Major General Sedgwick, 

C. A. Whitten, 

Major and A. A. A. G. 
U 



V ' , 






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i'.-.'.Vr^t.fyi^^p't- 



128 



HisTOPxc Eecokds. 



Ma;/ Sth. The night had heen occupied in removing the 
wounded to Fredericksburg. But for want of transporta- 
tion, — so great was the number of woandet', — a considerable 
number of the worst ones, who probably could not. have 
borne the journey, and others, were left behind. A surgeon 
and a corps of nurses were ordered to remain with them. 
The remains of those hospitals presented one of the most 
sickening sights ever witnessed. Here were some recent 
dead, some dying, and some of the most mangled and torn 
which the battle leaves living. Resigned to their fate we 
left them to move forward to other scenes of conflict. As 
soon as we had fallen back they fell into the enemy's hands. 
About eight o'clock our rear guard left old Wilderness 
Tavern, and moved on to Chancellorsville, which became 
our extreme right wing. 

Mai/ dth. Sent out on a reconnoissance to Ely's Ford. 
Returned to Chancellorsville to bivouac at night 

Mai/ lOth. Our "horses had long been denied their usual 
allowance, — in fact, we had been without grain for several 
days. We were compelled to search for the best grazing 
the country afforded, which we found near Mr. McQee's, on 
the Fredericksburg road. At night we were ordered on 
picket at the Old Foundry. 

May llth. Returned to McGee's to graze our horses and 

bivouac. 

May 12th. Moved to Chancellorsville, and found grazing in 
the neighborhood. The fields and woods show signs of 
Hooker's great battle here a year ago. Bodies and bones 
of unburied men, and of those only partially buried, may be 
found on every hand. 

May Uth. All these days the grand arniy has been fighting 



,.;..-i*li'f,»^-%^it.f'. 



in removing the 
at of transporta- 
— a considerable 
could not, have 
lind. A surgeon 
main "ffith them, 
one of the most 
ere some recent 
langled and torn 
; to their fate we 
I of conflict. As 
le enemy's hands. 
t old Wilderness 
e, which became 

k to Ely's Ford, 
night. 

enied their usual 
grain for several 
the best grazing 
Mr. McQee's, on 
were ordered on 

ize our horses and 

d found grazing in 
is show signs of 
Bodies and bones 
;ly buried, may be 

y has been fighting 



-^^•SS^"??s^sg!3?**i%»-i'^!!^w?»>'»r>»«*j^^^ , 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



129 



about Spottsylvania Court House. Just at night the regi- 
ment march'^d through terrible mud and dark forests, near 
army headquarters, not far from Spottsylvania. 

May Ibfh. The regiment was ordered to the extreme left. 
Grazed our ho'rses near Massaponax Run, and advanced near 
the church that bears this name, where we had a slight 
brush with the enemy. 

Mai/ 16th. Advanced beyond the church, and drove the 
enemy's cavalry across the Ny river, after a lively skirmish. 
A heavy force of the enemy was found on our front. 

May nth. The following order in General Meade's own 
handwriting was received and preserved : 

Headquarters, Army of the Potoraivo, "l 
1, 30 p. M., May 17th, 1864. f 

Col. Hammond, Fifth New York Cavalry : 

Colonel : Your dispatch reporting a superior force of the 

enemy at Guineas Station received. I send you Lieut. 

Col. Chamberlain, Ist Massachusetts, with 1,200 men from 

Dismounted camp. You will take command of these men 

and endeavor to drive back the enemy's cavalry and destroy 

the depot at Guineas. Also advance on their right flank 

and ascertain all you can of the enemy's position and force. 

Respectfully Yours, 

Gbo. G. Meade, 

Major General. 

Among the men above mentioned were about one hun- 
dred and fifty of our veterans. This combined force 
advanced as ordered, and found the enemy strongly posted 
on the banks of the Po river. A severely contested engage- 
ment followed, in which we lost Capt. Bryant (captured, 






' » 



4. r'N 



VJ 












180 



Historic Recohds. 



though at first supposed killed), and others. The main 
force returned to its bivouac, and the Fifth spent the night 
on picket. 

May \%th. Another reconnoissance was made to the Po, 
where the enemy still continues iu force. A^hort skirmish 
followed. Our men returned unhurt. 

May 19/A. Orders were received this afternoon to be 
ready to move at eleven at night. The column of cavalry, 
with a battery of artillery, moved out precisely at the hour, 
ic the direction of Bowling Green. Having gone about 
four miles, the main column was countermarched, though 
the Fifth continued to near Fredericksburg, and returned, 
traveling all night. 

May 20</t. At noon our mail arrired, the first we have 
received since the campaign opened.' There were at least 
two bushels of letters ! And what eager boys waited for 
the home messages, as each company's mail was being 
sorted out ! Scarcely a man but had a letter, and some 
had ten or twelve. A large mail was sent away before 
night. Orders were received this p. m. to be ready to move 
for the accomplishment of the task which was abandoned 
last night. 

May 2\it. Expecting to move in the night the men 
had sought an early sleep, as usual, upon the lap of earth, 
from which they were aroused about one o'clock, and were 
Boon on the inarch. The night was pleasant. A few shots 
with scattered pickets were exchanged on the way, until we 
reached the Mattapony river, at a point below Guineas 
Station, where the road on which we were marching crosses 
the rail road. Here quite a force of the enemy made its 
appearance. The day had now dawned. The Fifth New 



Iiers. The main 
Ii spent the night 

made to the Po, 
A 'short skirmish 

afternoon to be 
olunin of cavalry, 
sisely at the hour, 
iving gone about 
rmarched, though 
rg, and returned, 

the first we have 

lere were at least 

r boys waited for 

mail was being 

letter, and some 

sent away before 

be ready to move 

ch was abandoned 

le night the men 
n the lap of earth, 
e o'clock, and were 
sant. A few shots 
a the way, until we 
int below Guineas 
re marching crosses 
le enemy made its 
!. The Fifth New 






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Fifth New York CavajuKv. 



188 



York had the advance. Flankers were seni out, and the 
advance guard was placed in command of Ist Sergt. S. W. 
Sortore, Company E, who moved boldly forward. Enter- 
iiig the woods, which skirt the river, along whose banks 
runs the road to Bowling Green, another road was found 
turning to the right across the river, which the fleeing 
Rebels had taken. The sergeant advanced to cross the 
bridge, but found that a portion of it had been removed, 
rendering it impassable. He had no sooner halted, than a 
fatal bullet from a Rebel, concealed in the thicket beyond, 
pierced his manly breast. In less than fifteen miuutes he 
was dead. Wrapped up in his blanket, we buried him 
under a beautiful swamp willow, only a few of his many 
friends being permitted to assist in his burial. While this 
was being done, the bridge had been rebuilt, companies A 
and B had been sent out to drive the Rebels back and 
picket this road, and the column had passed on toward 
Bowling Green. A short halt was made m this pleas.:nt 
little village; and the column moved again to Milford 
Station, which was taken after a severe engagement. The 
regiment behaved handsomely in this fight, which resulted 
in the capture of six officers and sixty-si's privates, and the 
dispersion of the entire force which guarded the station. 
In the depot were found some stores of the Rebel quarter- 
master and commissary, which were readily appropriated. 

On the ground whence we had driven the enemy by hard 
fighting, we built our bivouac fires and rested. 

May 22d. About 3 p. M. we were ordered to New Bethel 
Church, across the Mattapony, where we found excellent 
grazing for our horses. 

May 23J. "Boots and sadc^es" sounded at three o'clock. 



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184 



IIiSToiiic Rkcoeds. 



and by daylight the column was in motion, toward Hanover 
Junction. Not fur from the North Anna river, just below 
Mt. Carmel Church, the enemy in force was encountered. 
A desperate fight ensued, which resulted in a general en- 
gagement, during which the Rebels were driven from thoir 
strong position along the North Anna. The battle contin- 
ued till nine o'clock at night, ending with a terrible 
cannonade. 

May 2ith. We were ordered to the extreme right, where, 
after crossing the North Anna, we had a flying skirmish 
with the enemy's cavalry. 

Mat/ 2bth. The regiment reconnoitred the enemy's po- 
sition on the Little river. Fell back from the river to the 
Virginia Central rail road, which our men are effectually 
destroying. The fire of the ties, culverts and bridges makes 
a line of lurid light along the evening sky. 

May 26th. We rested in bivouac until about sundown, 
when we were joined by the division, just returned from 
Sheridan's great raid, which commenced with the opening 
of the campaign. At night we skirmished with the enemy 
at some of the upper fords of the Little river, and made a 
feint of crossing. To complete the deception, fences, boards, 
and everything inflamable within our reach, were set on 
fire to give the appearance of a vast force, just building its 
bivouac fires. 

While we were thus making a feint of lively work on the 
right, and keeping the attention of the enemy, General 
Grant effected his third left flank movement, which brought 
his base of supplies at W bite House Landing. 

After the accomplishment of our stratagem we fell back, 
crossed the North Anna river on a bri<lge, which we de- 



toward Hanover 
river, just below 
jvas eucountered. 
a a general en- 
Iriven from tlunr 
ho battle contiii- 
with a terrible 

me right, whore, 
flying skirmish 

the enemy's po- 
i the river to the 
sn are effectually 
ind bridges makes 

1 about sundown, 
ist returned from 
with the opening 
1 with the enemy 
river, and made a 
on, fences, boards, 
lach, were set on 
just building its 

lively work on the 

3 enemy. General 

•nt, which brought 

ling. 

igem we fell back, 

ge, which we de- 



„_. .i#»»v»»'»'»»--*«»«9ftp.f«aB|i>"--v/7i;io»:^^^^ f,, .ti-f....^- 



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.Fifth Nkw York Cavalhy. 



135 



fitroyed behind us, and bivouacked, about two hours past 
midnight, 

Mdj/ 21th. Throe or four hours only had the weary boys 
to rest, and the bugles sounded the advance. Over vast 
jilains, generally thickly wooded, the column passed, and, 
after seeini: the smoking ruins of Chesterfield Station, it 
halted for another rest. As we travel from point to point 
over this Old Dominion we are peculiarly impressed with the 
viistness of its fijrests, which cover thousands of acres of as 
fine arable land as can be found upon the continent. How 
different is this from the impressions we had formed of 
Virginia when reading of its early settlement, and of its 
agricultural advantages. But when we look into its system 
of land owning — wherein we find one individual monopo- 
lizing a vast territory, — and into its worse system of labor, 
we need search no further for the causes of this backward- 
ness in agricultural pursuits. Who does not sincerely hope 
that the time is at hand when the rich acres of this great 
state shall be more properly divided among its inhabitants, 
and, when freed from a burden and curse which has long 
paralyzed their energies, instinct with new life and enter- 
prise, the people will realize the true dignity of labor. 
Then will the almost interminable forests disappear, and in 
their places the industrious yeoman will behold his rich 
fields of waving grain. Then too, along its now useless 
.-streams and swift water courses, will spring up the factory 
and the mill, whose fabrics will bring wealth and prospe- 
rity io the nation. 

May 2%th. Our march was resumed at an sarly hour, and 
continued as usual through vast woods, with only here and 
there a plantation. For want, of forage and rest, many 



"'!.■ 



i 4 



i 









!C 






136 



lllSTOUIC llKCORDb. 



horHCH ).^ave out by the way. It is womlorful bow long tbeso 
faitbl'ul animals carry tboir riders witb tbeir kit, oven after 
overtaxation of muscles bos nearly destroyed tbem. Ou 
they plod, fearful of being abandoned by their mates, until 
strength has entirely departed, and they qu'vcr beneath 
their load, and would fall, if not relieved. 

On a march like this, these " played out " horses are 
invariably shot, lest they might fall into the hands of the 
enemy, and, in a few weeks of care, become serviceable. 

The column halted for the night at a small settlement 
called Mangohick, where a good rest was enjoyed. 

Miiy 20th. A pleasant march brought us at an early hour 
to Locust Grove, '^ar the Tamunkey river. Some corn was 
foraged from tl --ounding country for our horses. 

Mat/ 30//t. C -y, by almost constant fighting, our 

noble army has been advancing through the enemy's 
country, until to-day our artillery is plunging its shells 
very near the door of the Rebel cupitol. Our forces have 
taken possession of Mechanicsville, and established their 
lines not far from Cold Harbor. 

About ten A. M. the regiment was detailed to march to 
Dunkirk, to guard a supply train, which was expected. 
The journey was performed and the train brought in 
before night. ^ 

May Slst. We moved early to Dabney's Ferry, where we 
crossed the Pamunkey on pontoons, and advanced toward 
Hanover Court House. The enemy's outer cavalry pickets 
were encountered at Signal Hill, whence they were driven, 
after a lively skirmish. Gen. Rosser, a Rebel cavalry 
chieftain, here took a prominent position against us, " fight- 
ing," in the language of his friends, " for his altars and his 



il bow long those 
ir kit, oven after 
oyed them. On 
:hcir mates, until 
quivci" beneath 

out " horses ore 
the hands of the 
.0 serviceable, 
small sottleuient 
snjoyed. 

8 at an early hour 
f. Some corn was 

our horaes. 
ant fighting, our 
gh tho enemy's 
unpins; its shells 

Our forces have 

established their 

tailed to march to 
3h was expected, 
train brought ia 

3 Ferry, where we 
advanced toward 
ter cavalry pickets 
they were driven, 
a llebel cavalry 
against us, " fight- 
• his altars and his 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



187 



fires." Ilis residence was in tlio neighborhood. So waa 
also that of Gen. Wickbum, another llebel cavalryman. 
After Hcuutiiig the neigiiborhood, and picketing the main 
mads, till dark, tlio whole division was moved toward 
Hanover Court House. 

June Ist. Tho enemy strongly contested our advance, 
and quite a skirmish was fought at the Court House. In 
tiie early morning this force was driven, and the division 
moved on to A.'<hlaiid Station on tho Virginia Central rail 
road. The object of this move was to destroy the two rail 
road bridges across the South Anna river. The second 
brigade was sent to do th . work of destruction, while the 
first was to eng:i the enemy. The plan succeeded, but a 
fierce battle wnis fought at Ashland, by the first brigade. 
Several times our boys were partially surrounded ; but the 
ceaseless fire of their carbines and the grape and canister 
of the artillery, mowed fearful gaps in the enemy's lines, 
and strewed the ground with slain. While gallantly riding 
up and down our lines, directing the operations and encour- 
aging the men. Major White, of the Fifth, received a 
dangerous wound through the body, which was feared would 
prove fatal to his valuable life. Col. Hammond received a 
bullet, which flattened upon his scabbard, but cracked the 
bone just above the ankle joint. It was a narrow escape. 
When the force fell back, Dr. Armstrong volunteered to 
remain with Major White, who could not be removed. This 
iioble act was never forgotten. Crowned with recent victory 
the division returned to Signal Hill, and bivouackei^. 

June 2d. After so hard fighting and marching the boys 
very naturally expected a little rest. Well, they got a little, 
and a vvry little rest it was. The time for an abundance of 



138 



Historic Records. 



that luxury had not yet come. The day was spent broiling 
under a scorching sun. At 5 p. M., just as rain began to 
fall, the bugles sounded for another move. Compelled to 
throw' away preparations for supper, which could not be 
taken, we were soon in line waiting the word to march. 
Tae rain fell faster, and a cold wind arose, which made the 
prospect of a march through mud and darkness rather un- 
pleasant. But wrapped up carefully in our rubber coats or 
pcnchoes, the soldier's invaluable garments, from which 
rolled the rain drops that pattered upon us, we were kept 
comfortably dry and in tolerably good humor. However, 
the march waa a hard one. We moved to Dabncy's Ferry, 
and turned to the right down the river, arriving at Liuney's, 
where we stopped, about 12 o'clock that night. 

June Zd. About 10 A. M. firing was heard in the direc- 
tion of Salem Church, and messengers soon announced that 
the Rebel cavalry had advanced and attacked our pickets. 
The division was immediately moved to the scene of action, 
and the Rebels wf again beaten and repulsed in a fair open 
field fight. They had the advantage of some hastily con- 
structed breastworks, from which our men drove them with 
a charge. In this fight was killed the gallant Col. Preston, 
of *he Ist Vermont; and Col. Chamberlain, of the 8th New 
York, was wounded. The regiment spent the night on 
picket. 

June ith. After we were relieved from picket, this morn- 
ing, we bivouacked on an eminence called Mt. Pisgah. 
Here a large mail was received. 

June Qth. We have passed those few days pleasantly. 
Our horses are improving on newly brou^lxt forage, and the 
men rejoice in full rations. Bands of music have enter- 






Fifth New York Cavalry. 



139 



s spent broiling 
as rain begun to 
. Compelled to 
3h could not be 

word to march, 
which made the 
;ness rather un- 

rubber coats or 
ts, from which 
18, we were kept 
mor. However, 
Dabney's Ferry, 
iving at Liuney's, 
ght. 
rd in the direo- 

1 announced that 
ked our pickets. 

2 scene of action, 
sed in a fair open 
omc hastily con- 
drove them with 

lant Col. Preston, 
n, of the 8th New 
nt the night on 

picket, this morn- 
Ued Mt. Pisgah. 

days pleasantly. 
]i.t forage , and the 
lusic have enter- 



tained us with patriotic airs during our evening hours, and 
wo liave gained new strength and inspiration for coming 
labors. 

Ileveill6 was sounded about daylight, arid the regiment 
was marched to Old Church, whence we were sent to picket 
aloTig the'Pamunkey. 

June 1th. Continued all day on picket. The line? are 
quiet and our work is pleasant. 

June Ml. lldieved from picket by the 3d New Jersey 
Cavalry, a regiment that has quite recently been assigned to 
our brigade. The regiment moved near brigade r "adquar- 
ters, and went into camp. 

June 10th. The whole brigade was called out this after- 
noon to repel an attack upon the pickets. After a brief 
skirmish, the lines were reestablished and the brijiade 
returned into camp. A brigade of colored troops occupy 
Old Church. They have fortified themselves with strong 
and beautifully constructed earthworks. They are fine 
appearing soldiers. 

Ju7ie 11th, The brigade was aroused by an early reveille, 
and moved out toward Cold Harbor. At Shady Grove the 
enemy's infantry was encountered, charged and driven into 
their earthworks. Our boys behaved gallantly iu the 
charge, some of them urging their horses over the fortifi- 
c tions. A few of them never returned. The regiment 
was in camp again about noon. The few days past have 
presented signs of another flank movement. 

June 12th. Wr were ordered on picket about three miles 
from Old Church. 

Jtme ISth. We began to withdraw our pickets about two 
o'clock this morning, and an advance guard was pushed to 
12 



friTtk-irTlli-iii 



140 



Historic Records. 



Allen's Mill. By daylight the whole brigade concentrated 
there, and moved on through woods and fields, over deserted 
camps and fortifications, making but a short halt for break- 
fast. A few prisoners v/ere captured by our advance and 
flankers. At noon we halted again a few minutes near 
Ilupkiu's Mill on Black Creek. Our march was continued 
across the Richmond and York river rail road, between 
Dispatch and Summit Stations, and, about sundown, we 
crossed the sluggish Chickahominy, on pontoons, at Long 
Bridge. One can never forget the sombre appearance of 
the dense and gigantic forest through which we passed, 
known as the White Oak swamps. This name can never 
be spoken without a shudder by those who have campaign- 
ed it loi-;,' in these malarious woods. 

When night came on we were ordered to be rear guard 
of a large train. And, Oh ! deliver cavalfy from such a 
job €%s this, especially when the roads are almost impassable, 
and in the night. Our progress was exceedingly slow, and 
had it been steady it would have been more tolerable. But 
it was halt, advance, halt, advance, with this variety occur- 
ring at every five or ten rods, and the halts were frequently 
much longer than the advances. To relieve the tired horses, 
wlien a halt occurred, some men would dismount, and sink- 
ing to the ground through exhaustion, would quickly fall 
asleep. With the utmost difficulty they were aroused when 
the column moved. Others slept in their saddles, either 
leaning forward on the pommel of the saddle, or sitting quite 
erect, with an occasional bow forward, or *.o the right or left, 
like the swaying of the flag on a signal station. The horse 
of such a sleeping man will generally keep his place in the 
column, and the m in will very seldom fall ; though occa- 



■^^-■^v:^;:i?, 






I l l 1 ;< li I »M i ib« Li» i ' « .fc^i » n .i«,aM'tr 



»vv' 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



141 



e concentrated 
3, over deserted 
lialt for brcuk- 
r advance and 
minutes near 
was continued 
road, between 
; sundown, we 
itoons, at Long 
3 appearance of 
lich we passed, 
lame can never 
have canipaign- 

be rear guard 
Ify from such a 
most impassable, 
dingly slow, and 
5 tolerable. But 
lis variety occur- 

1 were frequently 
! the tired horses, 
mount, and sink- 
rould quickly fall 
ere aroused when 
}ir saddles, either 
le, or sitting quite 
) the right or left, 
ation. The horse 
p his place in the 
all J though occa- 



sionally this will happen, and the poor fellow tiwakes only 
to find himself deep-set into a mud hole, while general mer- 
riment is produced among the beholders. As no one is 
hurt, the man is soon remounted, and the journey pursued. 

With all these experiences we traveled until after mid- 
night, and finally bivouacked and sought rest. 

June \Aih. Four hours' rest was all we got, not half what 
weary men needed. But to the bugle's shrill call every one 
must answer. -After a very hasty meal the march was 
again resumed, and we finally halted at Charles City Court 
House, in sight of the flags and tents of army headquarters. 
While resting here, by the crumbling walls and chimneys 
of once opulent and tasty dwellings, we read in the scorched 
trees and in the general desolation, a few pages of Rebellion's 
record of sorrow. Having grazed our horses, and received 
forage and rations, we moved back to St. Mary's church, 
where we bivouack' 1 about eleven o'clock at night. So 
near to us were tli' jnekets of the enemy that we were 
ordered to V 'Id no fires, and the boys ate their supper 
without the i' coffee. 

Tune \bth. 'ILe division m ved by daybreak towari the 
,'* hite Oak swamps. ^ beyond Smith's stoic, in the 
edge of the swamps, a strong olunin of R> 'lel infanfry was 
encountered. So masterly had been conducted this flank 
movement across the James river, that the R< Is were 
deceived as to its object. Expecting 'hat a strong force 
would advance on Richmond by way * Malvern Hills, on 
the north side of the James, they had sent a corresponding 
force to meet it. It was this force which we met. A 
hotly contested battle followed. Engageil ith numbers 
far greater than our own, and infantry a ,.it, wo suffered a 



it*" 

% 

' if'i'ii 



i£»;&i 



?■**<!*•.■ ,■ 



.■?>C*Tfift^'5yfaw(.' . 



142 



IlisTORic Records. 



heavy losp and were compelled to fall back, which we did in 
good order, bringing most of our dead and wounded from 
the field. At St. Mary's Church was established a hospital, 
and in the fields and woods adjoining, the division went 
into bivouac. A heavy picket line was thrown out in the 
direction of the swamps. 

June \&th. The regiment was detailed on picket this 
morning, where it remained all day. At night all the 
pickets were withdrawn, and the division was moved to 
Wyanoke Landing on the James, where we arrived after a 
long, toilsome match, a few hours before day. 



■f'^^^r^^lJZ 



?liich we did in 
wounded from 
ihed a hospital, 
! division went 
own out in the 

on picket this 

t night all the 

was moved to 

arrived after a 



»-ter-.^WSSEi1iff.;-Wj.r^c^a(giSi-8;3fc/flt?££; 




CHAPTER IX. 

CroBging the JamQS River. — Pleasant Scene. — The Wilson Raid. — 
First Day. — Battle of Nottoway Court House. — The Danville 
Railroad. — What we Destroyed. — The Contrabands. — Battle 
of Reams Station.— The Swift Retreat— Awful Scenes.- The 
Author's Personal Adventures. — Is Dismounted in the Woods. — 
Travels by Night and Rtsts by Day.— Narrow Escapes. — Assist- 
ed by Negroes. — Reaches our Lines Safely. — Casualties of the 
Raid. — The Division Ships for Geisboro' Point, D. C. — June 
nth to August 9th, 1864. 

June nth. After about three hours' rest we were started 
on the march again, and about a mile below Wyanoke, and 
a little above Fort Powhatan, the division crossed the James 
on a pontoon bridge. This was as pleasant a scene as we 
had ever witnessed. The broad, smooth river, the crafts of 
various kinds which had collected at this point and floated 
BO quietly on the water, the long brid'^e, which, swayed by 
the current of the stream, formed a gentle, graceful curve, 
the long lines of cavalry slowly moving to the opfosite 
shore, and, poured over all, the glad sunshine of tho Sab- 
bath morning, presented a scene so much in contrast to 
those rough experiences, through which we had just passed, 
that every one was delighted, a short rest was enjoyed on 
the southern bank, during which were issued forage and 
rations. At three p. m , under a sweltering sun, our march 
was resumed in the direction of Petersburg. Great destruc- 



■J.e 









M 
m 






m 
m 

'Iff*- 



\iSS'' 



',ffl» 



.r,,«|V,'#,<<tl^»(,;'. 



144 



Historic Records. 



tion of property was visible on the march. People, frijrht- 
eneJ by the advance of the Yankee army, had forsaken 
their houses and fled. Such places were destroyed. Had 
the inhabitants remained at home, the houses, at least, 
would not have been molested. About sundown we passed 
Prince George Court House and bivouacked about two 
miles beyond. With great difficulty the boys obtained 
water for their coffee, most of them being compelled to 
take it from the tracks of the horses where they had been 
led to watering, in the swamps near by. 

June 18/A. The division moved early, in a southeasterly 
direction, to the region of the Black Water swamps. The 
regiment was sent on picket not far from Mt. Sin"i Church. 
As the country abounded in milk, honey, corn, wheat, meat 
and sorghum, the command lived well. 

June 2\st, These days have been spent quietly on picket. 
This afternoon an order was issued to prepare to move early 
to-morrow morning. 

June 22(1. About three o'clock A. M. Gen. Wilson's 
division, reenforced by Gen. Kautz's brigade of cavalry 
with fourteen pieces of flying artillery, including two 
mountain howitzers, was ready for a raid. At a rapid rate, 
principally through by-paths, and unfrequented ways, to 
avoid any force of the enemy, the command advanced, 
striking the Wcldon rail road at Reams Station. Here the 
depot and about a mile of track were destroyed. This work 
was quickly done, and we moved on in a westerly course to 
Dinwiddie Court House, where we turned our faces north- 
ward. At Gravelly Run a short halt was made and our 
horses were watered. About sundown the Southside rail 
road was reached a little west of Sutherlauds, and destruc- 



-.-.^^■-'^--■^^f;- 



m-'.^i.'S>L£itSm^^ »^t.-i'^.,^£,V .-^^^:,-,-]^j^ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



146 



People, frijrht- 
had foreakeu 
jstroyefi. Had 
)uses, at least, 
lown we passed 
ked about two 
boys obtained 
I compelled to 
they had been 

a southeasterly 
: swamps. The 
t. Sinni Church. 
)rn, wheat, meat 

uietly on picket, 
re to move early 

Gen. Wilson's 
gade of cavalry 

including two 
At a rapid rate, 
uented ways, to 
mand advanced, 
ation. Ilere the 
oyed. This work 
'esterly course to 
1 our faces north- 
as made and our 
he Southside rail 
uds, and destruc- 



tion of ties, rails, culverts, bridges, &o., began in earnest. 
The night was soon illuminated by the destroying fires. 
Our march now lay along the rail road, and was continued as 
far as Ford's, where we halted about eleven p. M., after 
capturing two trains, one passenger and one freight. The 
engines, having been set on fire by means of rails and 
boards piled around them, made the night hideous with 
their unearthly shrieks, which continued for several hours, 
disturbing the rest, which, weary and sleepy, we sought in 
vain to enjoy. 

June 23<i, At early light we were on the move again, 
engaged in the work of destruction. The great heat and 
drought were very favorable to our enterprise, though men 
and beasts sufiered much for the want of water. A few 
rails or sticks of wood laid along the track and ignited, suf- 
ficed to make the destruction complete. Here and there the 
road was torn up, the ties heaped together and set on fire, 
while the iron rails were laid crosswise upon the burning 
piles. They were thus efiectually destroyed. Telegraph 
posts were cut down, and the wire was twisted and broken. 
One regiment after another was detailed to perform this labor, 
and such was the wisdom of the arrangement, that the main 
column was not impeded in its progress, while the work 
was going on. Uninterrupted in our progress, we advanced, 
beyond Blacks and Whites, crossed the Little Nottoway 
creek, and encountered the enemy in pretty strong force, 
not far from Nottoway Court House. Intent on harassing 
our column, the enemy engaged us with spirit and determi- 
nation. The battle continued until about eleven p. m. The 
regiment was on the skirmish line and fought with its usual 
vigor. While the main force of the enemy was here.en- 



I '.,ti 



■<rl: . 












• ;-f''''"**^>'i!®^f 



146 



HrsTOHic Records. 



gapped, a feebler attack was made on our rear guiird at 
Blacks and Whites. Meanwhile, Gen. Kautz, who had been 
detached during the night from the main column at Ford's, 
hud made a successful detour around the enemy, who vainly 
supposed he was fighting the whole force of raiders at Not- 
toway, and without opposition, was destroying the junction 
of rail roads at Burkesville. Thus far Gen Wilson's plana 
had worked admirably, and success followed in our train. 

June 24</t. As our object was not to fight the enemy un- 
less compelled to do so for defense, and, having driven him 
as far from our line of march as suited our purpose, wo 
abandoned this road, and struck out through the country by 
Hungrytown, and reached the Danville rail road at Meher- 
rin Station about four o'clock p. M. Here Gen. Kautz 
rejoined the division, and the whole force bent its energies 
to the destruction of this important thoroughfare. The 
work was comparatively easy, owing to the peculiar con- 
struction of the road. Across the ties a heavy timber, 
generally of pine, is notched in and fastened, upon which 
lie the rails, — thin pieces of iron similar to the tire of a 
heavy wagon wheel. The labor of tearing up and burning 
could be done in half the time it would take on the ordinary 
roads. Decidedly encouraged by such advantages, the boys 
applied themselves faithfully to the accomplishment of their 
task. Every foot of the road was destroyed from Meherrin 
to Keysville, where we arrived about eleven p. M. and 
bivouacked. 

June 25<A. The Keysville depot and a store near by it 
were burned this morning. The day has been very warm. 
Many horses "played out" by the way. They were invari- 
ably shot, and replaced by horses and mules captured in the 



,;,; r-f''"«!'»;J'iK-f' ■'";■: 



Fifth New Youk Cavalry. 



147 



ur rear guard at 
atz, who had bcea 
column at Ford's, 
nenty, who vainly 
3f raiders at Not- 
ying the junction 
m Wilson's plana 
id in our train. 
;ht the enemy un- 
aving driven him 

our purpose, we 
gh the country by 
lil road at Meher- 
[lere Gen. Kautz 
e bent ita energies 
loroughfare. The 
the peculiar con- 

a heavy timber, 
tened, upon which 
' to the tire of a 
ig up and burning 
ke on the ordinary 
vantages, the boys 
iplishment of their 
ed from Meherrin 
eleven p. M. and 

i store near by it 
s been very warm. 
They were invari- 
ies captured in the 



country. Scouting parties and flankers are constantly re- 
pleuishinj,' the column with installments of fresh, fat animals, 
which the people have not the time or adroitness to hide 
from the swift-moving Yankees. This afternoon our ad- 
vance, commanded by Gen. Kautz, reached the Staunton 
liver, and made a desperate assault upon the force guarding 
tiie rail road bridge. For a time there was a promise of 
success, and our men took possession of the bridge, but 
before the torch oould be eflFectually applied they were com- 
pelled to fall back before murderous discharges of grape 
and canister from a Rebel battery. The project of destroy- 
ing this valuable bridge had to be abandoned. In the 
vicinity of lloanoke Station, the division bivouacked late 
at night. 

June 26</t. Up to this time, including Roanoke Station, 
we had burned ten important stations, and several smaller 
depots. About fifty miles of rail road track, including 
several bridges and culverts, had been completely destroyed. 
Though we had lost many horses, our numbers were made 
good from our captures by the way. Our column had been 
reenforcod 6y hundreds of contrabands, who flocked to our 
banners from the country far and near. Our loss of men 
had been very slight, and mostly in wounded and captured. 
Our train had been enlarged by the addition of several fine 
carriages and barouches, in which our worst cases of sick 
and wounded were carried. Our tout ensemble was encour- 
aging, and though far out in the enemy's country, hopes 
were entertained of a safe and speedy return. Ji'rom Roa- 
noke Station the column moved before daylight, in a south- 
easterly direction, by Wylliesburgh, and thence to Christian- 
ville, a fine little village, where was found a great abundance 






i. 



148 



Historic Records. 



n 



of corn for our horses. From this place our course wns ili- 
rcctly " facing tho enst," aud about cloven r. M. wo halted for 
rest along a nearly dried up stream called Buckhorn creek. 

June 27th, Our journey was resumed early, and at ten 
A. M. we crossed the Mcherrin river at Stafford's Bridjje 
Our course bearing a little to the north, brought us at night, 
after receiving a refreshing shower, in the vicinity of Siur- 
geonville, where we halted 

June 2Sth. As usual we were in the saddle before tho 
lawn, and on our march homeward. About twelve M. wo 
crossed the Nottoway river at Double Bridges. Our course 
■now became a little more northward, and contrabands 
flocked to us in unusual numbers. There was no end of 
the interesting tales they had to tell, which, at times, excited 
our admiration, and then incited to tears. To us most of 
them came destitute of all things, except the hope of liberty. 
This was the circle of all their thoughts. For this the 
gray-haired slave, bending with the infimities of many toil- 
some yeara, was " toting" his grandchild on his arm and on 
his head by turns, along the column. The mother, with 
her young babe clinging to her breast, traveled through 
the woods and brush, the heat and dust, hoping for better 
days. Young men and maidens, with more of the European 
than the African in their features and complexion, plodded on 
their way, happy to be among those whom they recoguiEed 
as their deliverers. 

At night the column encountered a heavy force of Rebel 
infantry at Stony Creek Station on the Weldon rail road. 
All night the battle raged fiercely, with only now and then 
an interval of rest. Those who were not engaged on the 
battle line were compelled to stand to horse, and to shiver 



Jb'u-TH New Youk Cvvalrv: 



149 



ir coursf wns di- 
M. WO halted iVir 
Buckhorn creek, 
iarly, and at ten 
Stafford's Brid.no 
mglitusat niglit, 
vicinity of Siur- 

addle before tlio 
)ut twelve M. wo 
jes. Our course 
ind contrabands 
e was no end of 
, at times, excited 
To us most of 
he hope of liberty. 
ts. For this the 
ties of many toil- 
m his arm and on 
fhe mother, with 
traveled through 
hoping for better 
1 of the European 
lexion, plodded on 
\ they recognized 

vy force of Rebel 
Weldon rail road, 
nly now and then 
it engaged on the 
)rsc, and to shiver 



with the cold, which was peculiarly felt in that locality, Tt 
waa an awful night of fatigue and doubt. 

June '^dth. Before the dawn of day Gen. Wilson moved 
forward such a portion of his force as ho thought might bo 
spared from the skirmish line, leaving tho second brigade to 
bring up the rear. The enemy made a desperate charge on 
tiiis brigade, which threatened it with annihilation A 
large number fell into the enemy's hands, and the remainder 
were thrown into much confusion, but es-caped. About ten 
A. M. tho whole command was within three or four miles of 
llearas Station, on ground made familiar by our outward 
pfwsage just one week previous. It was hoped that assist- 
ance would be rendered us by our main army, as we were 
not far from its left wing. This had been promised us by 
Qeu. Meade. But assistance failed to come in time. 

Regiments were deployed to ascertain the position and 
strength of the enemy. It was soon found that he was not 
only able to resist our passage, but also to surround and 
annihilate us if we remained long within his reach. At 
noon orders were issued to abandon the entire train. Forges 
and wagons were burned, and the ambulance train was 
parked near the banks of Rowanty creek, and hospital 
flags placed over it. All wounded and sick who could ride 
were mounted; all others must be left behind. It was a sud 
hour. Never had the boom of cannon sounded more 
solemnly. 

The advance of the retreating column moved about one 
mile from the ambulances and there awaited orders. The 
road was literally packed, and for rods in the woods on either 
side, wherever a man could ride, was a mass of human 
beings with anxious, throbbing hearts. About three o'clock 



150 



Historic Records. 



Gen. Wilson passed through the column, though it was diffi- 
cult to make a wuy for him, and us soon as lie reached the 
front the entire crowd moved forward. What followed can- 
not be described. Think of such a force of cavalry, at the 
utmost speed of their horses, over a road with six inches of 
dust in places, on one of the warmest, sultriest days ! There, 
too, were the contrabands mostly dismounted, men, women 
and children, who knew that to be captured was death, oi 
worse than death ! It was well, perhaps, that the blinding 
dust should partially hide the scone from view. 

No halt was made until we came to Stony creek, a dis- 
tance of five or six miles from llowanty. Here the creek 
is quite deep, and the bunks rocky and precipitous. The 
bridge is very narrow. It was hoped that no heavy force 
of the enemy had followed us. The scattered fragments of 
regiments were called together, with design to hold the 
bridge. The men were almost completely demoralized, at 
least one third having either thrown away or lost their arms 
in the flight. Scarcely had the work of reorganization been 
completed, when the pursuing foe, with cavalry and artil- 
lery, came upon us. Wo wore in no condition to resist him, 
though some men fought bravely. Panic-stricken, nearly 
all soon broke ranks, and fled as best they could. And 
such a sight! . Down the steep banks of the creek, men 
urged their weary steeds, until they fell headlong into the 
splashing water. Some were pushed off the bridge, falling 
on others in the stream. Men and horses mingled in al- 
most every conceivable shape, struggled to reach the oppo- 
site bank, while bullets whizzed among the trees, and shells 
screamed over our heads. (Diverging from the main tenor 
of this narrative at this point, the author wishes to give a 



Fifth New Youk Cavalry. 



161 



a^h it was diffi- 
lie reuclied tliu 
at followed cuii- 
' cavalry, at the 
th six inches ut' 
t days I There, 
ed, men, women 
td was death, oi 
[lat the blinding 
ew. 

my creek, a dis- 
Here the creek 
recipitous. The 
no heavy force 
•ed fragments of 
ign t« hold the 
f demoralized, at 
)r lost their arms 
irganizatiun been 
avulry and artil- 
ion to resist him, 
3-8tricken, nearly 
ley could. And 
' the creek, men 
eadlong into the 
lie bridge, falling 
es mingled in al- 
I reach the oppo- 
) trees, and shells 
m the main tenor 
wishes to give a 



few days of personal adventures and experiences. He is 
coiistraini'il to do this, as it will represent, in the main, 
the experience of hundreds of others). 

Driving down as far as my horse would go without fall- 
ing, I dismounted, and, as I knew the animal could not 
carry mo much further on account of exhaustion and lame- 
ness, I concluded to leave him. Down the crevice of the 
ro'jks near the water's edge, I reached a retreat safe from 
fulling horses iin4 flying bullets, and, for a moment, thought, 
/ will surrender. But I had tasted the prisoner's bitter 
cup, and I resolved to go forward so long as I could put 
one foot before the other. I stepped into the stream, with 
water to my waist. Near the opposite bank the water was 
deeper, and, striking a slimy log on the bottom, I fell prone 
into it. Struggling toward the shore, the branch of an 
overhanging tree caught my hat ajid, flung it down the 
stream. At length upon dry ground I stood, a sorry picture 
of a sorry Yankee, weak from exhaustion, heavy with water 
in my clothes and boots, and hatless ! liaising my right 
foot by the toe of my big boot, I poured out the water at 
the knee, and while endeavoring to do the same thing with 
my left boot, I beheld a large riderless bay horse, rising 
from the creek and coming toward me. I seized him by 
the bridle and mounted into the saddle, joining the column 
with new hope. 

This horse belonged to the 1st District of Columbia cav- 
alry, as I knew by the sixteen shooter that he carried. I 
had not gone far before I discovered that he was nearly 
exhausted, and would soon give out. While reflecting on 
my own wretchedness, I saw a man a little to the left of 
the column, riding a mule that had neither saddle nor bri- 
13 lO 



l'62 



Historic Eecords. 



! I 



die, aud the man himself had nothing on hut an army rhirt i 
I was compelled to laugh in spite of myself, aud soon 
became willing to be hatless and destitut ,. I had cut away 
all the baggage from the saddle, to make the burdf n of my 
horse as light as possible. However, on arriving near Sap- 
pony creek, he failed me completely. Two men of the 
regiment, Charles T. S. Pierco, company G, and Oscar L. 
Bardeu, company B, were near me at the time. Their 
horses were nearly m the condition of mine. We resolved 
to share each other's fate, to leave the column, and on foot, 
by night marches, to reach our lines if possible. We were 
in a dense forest. Imploring Dime aid in our hazardous 
journey, we moved about a mile from the road, and stopped 
for the night among thick bushes. We heard the rear of 
our column as it passed Sappony bridge, we also heard the 
pursuers, who fired into the woods in every direction, but 
we were quiet and safe. 

Ju7ie. SOth. We suffered from the chill of the night. 
The day has been spent in Wood-tick bivouac, so named 
from the numberless wood-ticks that Lave infested the 
place. N thing but a wild pig, with which these forests 
abound, came near our resting place. We are not much 
burdened with luggage, having but one overcoat, two pon- 
choes, two haversacks and one canteen. I have a good map, 
but we have no compaas. We have also matches and ink. I 
carry my journal and Greek Testament, Pierce carries a 
Bible and Hymn book and Barden has thread and needles. 
Our store of eatables consists of about a half pint of rice, a 
quarter pound of coffee and sugar mixed (no cup to cook 
these in), five pounds of flour and a little salt. 

As soon as night came on we began to travel, guided by 



J 



I'lFTH New York Cavalry. 



153 



,t an army rbirt i 
yself, aud soon 
I had cut away 
le burden of my 
riving near Sap- 
?wo men of the 
G, and Oscar L. 
iie time. Their 
B. We resolved 
mn, and on foot, 
sible. We were 
a. our hazardous 
road, and stopped 
jard the rear of 
Tie also heard the 
jry direction, but 

11 of the night, 
vouac, so named 
ave infested the 
ich these forests 
Ve are not much 
ivercoat, two pon- 
have a good map, 
atehes and ink. I 
Pierce carries a 
iread and needles, 
lalf pint of rice, a 
(no cup to cook 
salt, 
travel, guided by 



the stars, which here and there peeped through the thick 
foliage of the forest. Our course was northeast. At eleven 
o'clock we came to Sappony creek, which we crossed 
yesterday. Bad as was the water, we drank of it freely, 
liaving had but one canteen of water since yesterday about 
seven v. M. Here we mixed about half of our flour into 
dough. Fearful that if we built a fire we might be disco- 
vered by the scouting parties that were hunting for us, we 
repaired to a deep rapine, skirted with many bushes, where 
we made a small fire of dry sticks and leaves, on which we 
laid our dough which was smoked and charred horribly. 
This was our only staff of life, and all we h»d to eat for 
nearly forty-eight hours. Thus ended with .us the month 
of June on the banks of the muddy Sappqay. 

July 1st. About one o'clock A. M. we crossed the Sappony 
on a fallen tree. We afterward traveled as rapidly as we 
could, through swamps, tangled brushwood and briars, occa- 
sionally through a field, until daylight, when we sought the 
shelter of tall, thick-grown brackberry briars, in the edge 
of a field. At nine o'clock p. M. we came out of our hiding 
and resting place, and moved on as the night before. 
Emerging from a thick wood, we came upon a herd of 
cows in a yard, where we vainly sought to get some milk. 
As they were doubtless accustomed to be milked by women, 
as are cows generally in Virginia, we could not approach 
them. Following a footpath we found a cherry tree with 
cherries, which relished well. . But we had no sooner com- 
menced regaling ourselves, than a tall, heavy, shadowy man 
dressed in light gray, was moving toward us up the path. 
On discovering us he moved away rapidly. We traveled on 
probably quite as rapidly as he, as we soon saw that the 



■ijUi.Ui_3m« t i "iiWMj<>'i: i iiiiiiii li I ' "' ' "'■'■"■""'•'"'""■' ' icffi'i i - I I '' I ' ll M 11 . 11- • 






154 



Historic Records. 



nei<'hborliood had been alarmed. Lights were seen at the 
houses, and dogs made hideous howlings. With terrible 
pictures of blood-hounds before our thoughts, we quickened 
our steps. This danger passed, and we were thankful; and 
our joy was still more increased, when, led by the voice of ^ 
sinTino- frogs, w:) found excellent water in a field. On 
leaving this place of refreshing we entered the woods under 
a beautiful arch of foliage and soon came to Stony creek. 
Laying aside our garments, and rolling them up in tight 
bundles, we crossed safely oyer. The water was about four 
and a half feet deep. 

Ju?y 2d. About three A. M. we came in sight of several 
picket fires just ahead of us. We flanked them by turning 
to the left. At daybreak we came into a large field, and 
sought refuge in a thicket, though not far from a house. 
We had but just fallen asleep, when we were aroused by 
footsteps approaching and voices distinctly heard. Soon 
the black faces of two slaves appeared through the bushes. 
This "ave us hope. One of them afterward disappeared, 
the other continued coming toward us. Before he had seen 
us, I spoke at a high whisper, " come here," when his big 
black eye, with its surrounding pure white, fell excitedly 
upon us. 

"You're not afraid of Yankee soldiers, are you?" I inter- 
rogated. 

" Oh, no, massa," and he walked up by our side. 

" What's your name ?" 

"Tom." 

" Tom what ? Have you no other name ?" 

" Dunne, massa, dey allers calls me Tom." 

<' Well, who lives here ? 



'^iS&'V.'^'j^.jfCvi^. ;■ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



155 



rere seen at the 
With terrible 
i, we quickened 
B thankful; antl 
by the voice of ^ 
in a field. On 
the woods under 
to Stony creek. 
;m up in tight 
was about lour 

sight of several 
them by turning 
large field, and 
r from a house, 
'ere aroused by 
y heard. Soon 
(Ugh the bushes. 
ird disappeared, 
fore he had seen 
," when his big 
e, fell excitedly 

•e you ?" I inter- 

)ur side. 



?" 



" Major Malone, whose son is in the Rebel army." 

" IIow far is it to Reams Station ?" 

"Two miles an' half." 

We no'^saw that we were in a critical position, within 
the Rebel army lines, and on the premises of a prominent 
Rebel. From Tom we learned that Rebel soldiers frequently 
came to the house during the day, though not generally at 
night. He promised to get us some bread, which he did, 
for which we gave him some money. He also promised 
to guide us at night across a ford of Rowanty creek, by a 
way that would soon lead us across the Weldon rail road. 
The time set for starting was nine o'clock. During the 
day several cavalrymen were seen passing on the road, 
which, at one point, was visible to us, and, at one time, a 
cavalryman rode directly toward us, stopping only a few 
paces from us. We could hear the breathings of his 
horse, as we lay almost breathless, on the ground. In this 
condition we longed for the night. It came at length, but 
with it came no Tom, for what reason we never learned. 
This was a sore disappointment. 

Jitli/ '6d. Having waited for Tom, in vain, until after 
midnight, we finally started, guided only by the stars. 
Rowanty creek was soon reached, but at a place so wide 
and apparently deep, that we durst not undertake to ford. 
We followed it, until day brought us into a large, muddy 
dismal swamp. We crossed as we had done at Stony creek. 
After retiring in the depths of the swamp, we kindled a fire 
at the roots of an ancient oak, and cooked the last flour we 
had into bread. Until evening we remained in the swamp, 
disturbed now and then by the cries of wild hogs, eagles 
and foxes. When darkness came we moved out of the 



'' " -'■ r V- nil 11 1 m i i t i i iT ii i T i T^'V/"'^'''''' ' •^V ^ -'. g'-"'" •■'• ;»^'-' 



156 



Historic liEcoiiDS. 



r. 

'h 

■f 



woods, passed by a farm house, and, having crossed a well 
traveled road, arrived at the Wcldon rail road. This was 
at a deep cut, where we could not cross. A picket fire 
could be distinctly seen at our left. Rapidly we followed 
the road to the right, until, coming to a depression in the 
bank, we slid down to the track below. We now found the 
opposite bank too steep and high to climb. Undaunted, we 
moved on along the track, and found a place, where, by 
means of bushes and roots of trees, we got out of this dan- 
gerous spot. After traveling a few hours the heavens 
became overcast with clouds, and we were compelled to 
advance by guess, and finally to stop altogether. 

July 4th. We had waited for the morning sun in vain, 
for clouds so obscured the light as to render the points of 
the compass very doubtful. However, as we had lost time 
during the night, we concluded to travel as best we could. 
Along a swamp we found some ripe berries, which we en- 
joyed. We had not marched long before two Rebel soldiers 
were seen advancing in a path that would intersect ours at 
no great distance. We were quickly hidden under the 
bushes, which abounded. While the boys slept I made a 
short reeonnoissance, in which I ascertained that we were 
only a stone's throw from the Weldon rail road again, and 
near the picket post, whose fire it was probable we had seen 
the night before. Cautiously we moved out of this place, 
and continued through the woods to a plantation. In a 
cornfield a negress was at work. Of her we inquired for 
direction. Said I, "which way is east?" 

"Dunno, mossa." 

" Which way is west ?" 

A like answer. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



157 



crossed a well 
id. This was 
A picket fire 
y we followed 
jression in the 
now found the 
Undaunted, we 
ace, where, by 
lut of this dan- 
's the heavens 
8 compelled to 
ler. 

ig sun in vain, 
ir the points of 
e had lost time 
best we could. 
3, which we eu- 
ro Rebel soldiers 
intersect ours at 
iden under the 
slept I made a 
}d that we were 
road again, and 
ible we had seen 
lUt of this place, 
lantation. In a 
' we inquired for 



" Well, where does the sun rise ?" 

" There," pointing with her finger. 

Her master's name was John Slay. Beyond that she 
seemed to know very little. 

Our next point of interest was the Jerusalem Plank Road. 
While standing in the edge of the woods, consulting as to 
whether it were best to travel much more by day, out rode 
from the thick forest a cavalryman, whose giugling sabre 
and accoutrements bespoke danger to unarmed men. He 
rode quite rapidly by, within three rods of us, and we 
rejoiced to have escaped his observation. As he disap- 
peared we lost no time in seeking a quiet, secluded spot, 
where we waited for the night. Night came on with bright 
stars, and we journeyed joyfully. At nine p. M. we arrived 
at another plantation. A light was seen through the cre- 
vices of a log shanty, and the low voices from within were 
taken for those of negroes. I knocked at the door, and a 
voice said, "come in." Opening the low door, I invited a 
pure African out, and learned that there were none but 
slaves present. With haste the women began to prepare ua 
some supper, while we waited without. We were soon 
invited in, and sat down to a dish of fried pork and corn 
bread hot from the ashes, to which we did ample justice. 
This was the first meat we had tasted since the morning of 
June 29th. After supper we paid them well, their eyes 
sparkling with delight. From them I obtained a hat. The 
faithful man Alison then guided us through Jonds' Hole 
Sw^p, and we crossed thti .Jerusalem Plunk Road near Dr. 
Proctor's. Alison then left us, wishing us all prosperity, 
and returned to his master, Fred Raines. 

July 5th. We traveled spme during the morning at the 



;;t''.*T .-'■'w -;5'.*',f-»',i;>t4i)ai(«j«-^-if.7,-»,.. 



158 



Historic Rkcokdd. 



ii ,'. 






right of the phmk road, and rested but little durinj^ the 
day. At STi.idown we made inquiries of some colored people, 
and of a Union white man, a rare article in that part of 
Virginia, who informed U3 that our pickets were only about 
three miles ahead of us near Lee's Mills, and that the 
country abounded with guerrillas. We were cautioned to keep 
in the woods and avoid the road. V/hen darkness came, 
we advanced. Weary of briars and busUes, on reaching the 
road, we followed it, carefully watching every suspicious 
object. Soon something was seen moving ahead of us, 
which was afterward discovered to be a man. Hoping it 
might be one of our own men, we quickened our footsteps, 
and on overtaking him, what was our surprise to find him 
to be a Rebel soldier, with his musket on his shoulder. 
My first thought was : this is doubtless a guerrilla, and 
though alone, by a whistle or other signal, up will spring 
from the thick bushes along the way as many helpers as ho 
desires. However, I knew that alone he could not harm us 
materially, as we walked up by his side, so near that he 
could not take his musket down, before we could seize him. 
On approaching him, he turned his head about, and said, 
" You're Yankees, I reckon." We made no reply but 
walked on in sad silence. On making a turn in the road wo 
came in sight of several fires. I broke the oppressive 
silence by saying, " There's a Yankee camp, I think." 
" Yes," replied the stranger, "and there's a Yankee picket 
just ahead of us, and I am going to give myself up to them 
as a prisoner." The vail was at once lifteid from our pros- 
pect, and we entered into a friendly conversation. I found 
that he belonged to the 2d North Carolina cavalry, and had 
come from IJcants Station, since our ught there. While 






y^->^''-*.p" 



•Fifth Nkw Yokk Cavalry. 



159 



little during; the 
le colored people, 
B in that part of 
1 were only about 
Is, and that the 
cautioned to keep 
I darkness came, 
s, on reaching the 

every suspicious 
ng ahead of us, 

man. Hoping it 
sued our footsteps, 
•prise to find him 

on his shoulder. 
8 a guerrilla, and 
al, up will spring 
nany helpers as he 

could not harm us 
I, so near that he 
ve could seize him. 
d about, and said, 
lade no reply but 
turn in the road wo 
)ke the oppressive 
B camp, I think." 
'b a Yankee picket 
5 myself up to them 
fteid from our pros- 
versation. I found 
na cavalry, and had 
dght there. While 



conversing together, wo suddenly came to a stop, at the cry : 
" Halt '. Who comes there ?" " Friends," cried I. We 
were soon safely, with our Rebel friend, within the lines of 
the 3d New Jersey cavalry, where we found old acquaint- 
ances, and received all proper attention. 

Almost completely exhausted, we were gladly welcomed 
to tbe leafy abodes of our old comrades, where we enjoyed 
full rations and undisturbed sleep. 

Jiili/ Sth. We reached the regiment, encamped near 
Light House Point, this afternoon. From them we learned 
that June 29th, Gen. Wilson retreated south to Jurrett's 
Station, crossed the rail road, then by an east, northeast, 
north course, reached our lines after two or three days. Gen. 
Kautz, more familiar with the country, struck through the 
woods north of Stony creek, reaching our lines the morn- 
ing of the 30th. The loss of the command was nearly one 
thousand men (mostly captured), with the whole artillery 
and train. Nothing was saved that went on wheels. The 
loss is less than had been feared, as many, who were account- 
ed lost, afterward came in as did the writer of these lines. 

Juli/ I2th. As it needed it, the cavalry has been recruit- 
ing its energies in quiet camps for several days. However, 
many of our men were disabled by the raid and have been 
sent to hospitals, and many dismounted fellows have gone 
to Camp Stoneman, at Geisboro' Point, D. C. These latter, 
numbering a little less than one hundred, were engaged 
in those memorable battles and skirmishes with the Rebel 
invaders of Maryland and the Jistrict of Columbia, com- 
mencing with the battle of Maryland Heights, July 6th, 
and ending with the battle of Kernstown, the 24th, at 
which time Col. Mullignn was killed. 






^.j ;• 



IGO 



Historic Records. 



What remained of the regiment with the division, was 
sent out at half past three P. M., to picket along Powell'a 
creek at Cooke'd Mill, several miles down the river. This 
duty was very easy. 

July Ibth. Wo were relieved from picket, and returned 
to camp again near Light House Point. 

Juli/ 25th. The brigade moved at dusk, to the picket 
lines at the Gurley House, nearly south of Petersburg. The 
regiment went on duty, after arriving, establishing its lines 
nearly parallel with the Weldon rail road. We found the 
Rebel pickets very quiet and friendly, and a pleasant inter- 
course was enjoyed. 

Juli/ 30th. The dawn was ushered in with a terrible 
explosion and cannonade, making the earth tremble beneath 
our feet. To these was added a rapid musketry. Expecting 
an attack, the cavalry withdrew its pickets, and made pre- 
paration for any emergency. The enemy did not make his 
appearance on our front. Our infantry lines were engaged 
for several hours, but the great mine explosion ended very 
disastrously to our cause, with a loss of many men. Wa 
returned on picket at night. 

August 1st. We were relieved from picket, and went into 
camp near brigade headquarters. 

August bth. For some days the first division of cavalry 
has been leaving this department, and taking transports for 
Camp Stoneman, District of Columbia. This morning the 
third division received orders to march to City Point, where 
we were embarked on transports, with our horses. This 
was a slow, toilsome job. It was nine o'clock p. M. before 
we were aboard. 

August %th. The men have enjoyed the day's sail, down 






J 



■iFi-VE^^'^Sr*^'^!;^^-'''^-^-^'' -"' 



(j5if«;'».-'«?,'''i»w'\;' 



the division, was 
it along Powell's 
I the river. This 

:ot, and returned 

sk, to the picket 
' Petersburg. The 
tablisbing its lines 
d. We found the 
d a pleasant inter- 

n with a terrible 
th tremble beneath 
sketry. Expecting 
3ts, and made pre- 
r did not make his 
lines were engaged 
ilosion ended very 
' many men. Wa 

sket, and went into 

iivision of cavalry 
iking transports for 
This morning the 
a City Point, where 
I our horses. This 
o'clock p. M. before 

he day's sail, down 



Fifth New York Cavaluy. 



161 



the James, up Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac, to Kettle 
Bottom, where we cast anchor for the night. 

August 7th. We weighed anchor at early light, and about 
three P. M. we were landed at Geisboro' Point. We went 
into camp near Camp Stoneman. 

August 9th. The boys were made glad by the presence of 
the paymaster and his greenbacks. Our time is mostly 
occupied in exchanging our poor horses for good ones, and 
remounting our dismounted men. This looks like work 
ahead for the cavalry. 



CHAPTER X. 



'5 



i 



1.1 



To the Sbcnfimlofth Valley. — Exciting Scene in Snicker's Gap. — 
Battle of Summit Point. — Hattle of Kearneysville Station. — 
Cro.s8inj{into Maryland. — Old John Urown air in Charlestown. — 
Skirmislics near the Opoquau. — Battle of Winchester. — Drive 
the Enemy through Front Royal. — Up Luray Valley. — Raid 
to Staunton and Waynesboro'. — Cavalry Fight at Tom's Brook. — 
Ba(tle of Codar Creek. — Sheridan's Ride. — Unparalleled Cap- 
tures by the Regiment. — Gen. Custer's Congratulatory Order. — 
Keooiinoisaance to Rood's Hill. — Spirited Engagement near Mt. 
J .ckson. — Regiment Detailed Escort of General Sheridan. — 
The Fruit of Sheridan's Work in the Valley. —August 12ih to 
December 8Ut, 1864. 

Augimt I2th. Orders were issued to the division, to bo 
ready to move at sundown to its new field of duty. At 
the appointed hour the bugles were ringing clearly, and 
the rested cavalrymen were soon gladly on the march. It 
was after nine o'clock before these well equipped and tho- 
roughly disciplined squadrons had traversed the streets df 
the .vtion's iipital, laden with the hopes of every loyal 
heart. We were now to enter upon a field of operations 
the glory of which would eclipse all that the cavalry had 
yet accomplished. 

Until eleven o'clock we continued our march up the Poto- 
mac to Chain Bridge, where we crossed into Virginia again, 
and bivouacked about three miles from the river. 

Aiiiju^f IStJi. Before daylight the n^iximent was detailed 



Fifth Xew York Cavalhv. 



1G3 



ne in Snicker's Gap. — 
larneysville Station. — 
D air in Charlestown.— 
}f Winchester. —Drive 
Luray Valley. — Raid 
Fight at Tom's Brook. — 
e. — Unparalleled Cap- 
ongratulatory Order. — 
d Engagement near Mt. 
f General Sheridan. — 
alley. —Auguit 12th to 

the division, to bo 
w field of duty. At 

ringing clearly, and 
lly on the march. It 
3II equipped and tho- 
.verscd the streeta of 

hopes of every loyal 
a field of operations 
I that the cavalry had 

ur march up the Poto- 
>d into Virginia again, 
in the river, 
ro^iment was detailed 



to escort Col. Chipnian, a dispatch bearer to Gonciul 
Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. Great spec<i was 
neoessary, and the regiment moved accordingly. 'I'liu 
line ol' march led us through PraincMville, Leesburg, 
Hamilton, Purcelville and Snicker's Gap. A very brief 
halt was made near Goose creek, where we forded in pretty 
deep water. Near Lcesburg a slight attack was inade on 
(lur rearguard by a squad of White's guerrillas, who were 
easily dispersed 

IJofore reaching Snicker's Gap, we were informed by 
the inhabitants, that Mosby with a strong force was in 
the vicinity. We expected to meet him in the gap. It 
was night, and not a breath of air stirred the heavy foliage 
of the trees. No sound was heard save the song of the 
katydid and the heavy trcnip of our horses on th» hard 
road. The moon shone brigli ly, flooding the mountain tops 
with her silvery beams. The woods wore that sombre, 
weird appearance, so often spoken of in fairy tales. Our 
feelings were (ioubly excited by the expectation, that from 
the shady nooks or dark crevices of the rocks, would flash 
the deadly weapons of our enemy. But our passage was 
performed without meeting him. Prom the summit of 
the gap, the Shenandoah Valley, filled with the hazy light 
of the moon, presented a scene that was perfectly enchant- 
ing. We forded the broad shining Shenandoah 'river, at 
Snicker's Ferry. Near Berryville we saw the burning 
remains of a supply train which Mosby had captured and 
destroyed that day. We entered within our lines near the 
Opequan creek, and, tired and sleepy, we halted about three 
A. M. within two miles of Winchester. This was the 
longest march ever performed by the regiment in the same 
ii 



•yy 



164 



Historic Records. 






I ': k 



tiiiio : we hud trave)e<l about Hcventy-fivo miles in twenly- 
two bourn. 

August \Alh. Tbis afternoon wo moved througb Win- 
cboBter, to Milltown, and camped near tbe creeic. 

Auguit \Qth. Reveille sounded before daylight, and, 
breaking camp, at sunrise, we moved to Borryville. Hero 
we joined the division, with which wo moved toward 
Ashby's Gap, marching till midnight. 

August nth. Moved through White Post, and back to 
Winchester. Gen. Sheridan's army was falling back from 
Cedar creek. The third division was detailed to picket the 
main roads, which centre at Winchester and to bring up 
the rear of the army. The Fifth was sent on the Ilomney 
pike to Petticoat Gao. The picketing was quiet until dark. 
The Rebels now advanced upon us at nearly every point. 
From a high hill near Milltown, our artillery opened upon 
the advancing column of the enemy. In consequence of 
our line's retreating on the Valley pike, before we could 
be apprised of the fact, the Rebels entered the town, thus 
flanking us completely. No time was lost, however, in full- 
ing back over the hills, northwest of town, passing through 
the embankments of Fort Milroy. We rejoined our forces 
on the plains below, and together we continued retreating 
toward Summit Point, on a dirt road, east of the pike. 
About midnight we halted for rest not far from Wadesville. 

August ISth. The column was set in motion early, and a 
heavy rain came down upon us. The division halted at 
Summit Point, and the regiment was sent back to picket 
along the Opequan. 

August 19th. Our boys on picket were attacked by a 
strong party of Rebel cavalry, and forced back nearly two 




I miles in twenty- 

-ed through Win- 
e creek. 

re daylight, and, 

Berryville. Hero 

we moved toward 

Post, and back to 
falling back from 
(tailed to picket the 
jr and to bring up 
ent on the Romney 
fas quiet until dark, 
nearly every point, 
tillery opened upon 
la consequence of 
ke, before we could 
jred the town, thus 
ost, however, in fall- 
wn, passing through 
J rejoined our forces 
jontinued retreating 
d, east of the pike, 
far from Wadesvilie. 
motion early, and a 
le division halted at 
sent back to picket 

were attacked by a 
rccd back nearly two 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 166 

miles. Rciinforccnicnta were sent out and t\m Rebel ad- 
vunoo was checked. 

Amjust 20th. Relieved from picket, and bivouacked near 
Sunmiit Point. The linos were quiet. 

Aiiffmt 2l8C. As has been so often the case on the Sab- 
bath, it was not possible to pass the day without an ongngo- 
n.ent. About eight o'clock our pickets were driven iniand^nt 
nine a strong force of infantry and cavalry confronted us at 
tho Point. Boldly they came out of the woods into an open 
licld, and flaunted their miserable flag into our faces. But a 
well directed shell from our artillery, which exploded among 
'hem, sent them " kiting" to the woods again. However, a 
force far superior to ours in numbers compelled us at length 
to retreat, which we did in good order. We arrived at Charles- 
town about sundown, but left the village to our right, and 
halted in the fields almost in sight of the steeples of its 
churches. Here we found our infantry also falling back, 
with its main column headed toward Halltown. 

August 22d. Our horses, which had stood all night 
saddled and ready for a move at a moment's warning, were 
in use with tho first light of morning. The enemy's 
cavalry, displaying a Httio more daring than was their wont, 
advanced upon us with considerable show of fight. Their 
infantry was within short supporting distance. A spirited 
skirmish took place, and, under the circumstances, we fol- 
lowed the advice of the poet, who sings : 

" He who fights and runs away, 

Will live to fight another day." 

We retreated to Halltown, and moved with the head of the 

column to the left, and finally halted pretty well up the 

river, opposite Maryland Heights. Within our bivouac 



■ ■^■^ — 'T r i T s ' . r. nfj K mnk ' l yy t^ - j 



166 



Historic Rkoorus. 



was planted the Rebel battery that had killed Col Miles, 
comniandiiig Harper's Ferry, ou a former occasion. '1 lie 
spot was pointed out to us by a Mr. M., a citizen in the 
neij^hborhood, who presented us an anomaly commonly met 
with in this region of country, of a man making high j)r()- 
fi-ssioiis of Unionism, and yet earnestly pleading for Se- 
cession. 

August 2'id. Under light marching orders, the division 
went out on a reconnoissauce in the vicinity of Duffield's 
Station, on the Baltimore and Ohio rail road, and engaged a 
heavy force of the enemy's infantry. The fight was spirited 
but brief, and our forces returned to camp after a few hours 
of marching and fighting. 

Auijust 2bth. One day's uninterrupted rest had been en- 
joyed as a rare luxury ; but this morning at three o'clock the 
hills and woods were ringing with reveille. At five the 
division was in motion in the direction of Shepardstown, not 
far from which we were joined by the first division of cavalry. 
This united force moved to Kearneysville Station, near 
which, the enemy, under Breckenridge, was met advancing 
towards Maryland in heavy force. Seldom are forces so 
suddenly and furiously engaged. The artillery of both 
parties was immediately brought into position, and the hills 
resounded with the rapid discharges of screaming shell and 
sweeping grape and canister. Before the quick firing 
of our Spencers, and our swift charges, the enemy's 
column at first recoiled and gave us a decided advantage 
over him. But we were at lengtl. compelled to retreat 
before superior numbers, ihat were lapping around our 
flanks. In this engagemenc the regiment behaved with its 
usual gallantry. Lieut. Greeuleaf, in command of Co. A, fell, 



illcd Cul Mil.^s, 
occasion. 'Hit: 
a citizeu in the 
y commonly met 
laking high i""- 
pleading for Se- 
ers, the division 
lity of Duffield'a 
.d, and engaged a 
fight was spirited 
after a few hours 

rest had been en- 
; three o'clock the 
ill6. At five the 
Shepardstown, not 
iivision of cavalry, 
lie Station, near 
ras met advancing 
lorn are forces so 
artillery of both 
tion, and the hills 
;reaming shell and 
3 the quick firing 
rges, the eneu)y's 
decided advantage 
mpelled to retreat 
pping around our 
it behaved with its 
maud of Co. A, fell, 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 167 

mortally wounded, but waa carried from the field. Nearly 
all our dead and wounded remained in our own hands, and 
were taken back with us. We returned to our old bivouac 
and erected our tents with hopes of a good night's rest. 
]3ut before dark we were ordered to pack up and make 
prepar '.l.na for a night's march. 

At ttn p. M., the regiment alone, accompanied with a 
brigade staflF ofiicer, moved to the Potomac, which wo crossed 
on pontoons at the foot of 3Iaryland Heights. The division 
moved also, but by some other route. We marched until 
three A. m., and halted to rest our weary animals and our- 
selves at the memorable Antietam creek, near Antietam Fur- 
nace. 

August 2Qth. At one P. m. we resumed our march to Sharps- 
burg, nearly every house of which bears marks of the great 
battle that was fought here in 1862. Turning to the right, 
the column passed over the main portion of the battle field, 
and bimacked a few rods beyond Keedysville. At half past 
nine p. M., through pitchy darkness, we were counter- 
marched to Sharpsburg. On the way we encountered one 
of the worst thunder storms ever witnessed. The rain fell 
in torrents, driven by a strong wind. The frequent light- 
nings cleft the darkness, and left us blinded and in greater 
darkness than before. The thunder roared and shook the 
earth beneath us. Some of our horses became quiw un- 
manageable, and rendered our march perilous as well as un- 
comfortable. On the wet ground, after this shower, we 
bivouacked in the fields near the town, having sent out a 
few pickets towards the river. 

Auffiis. 21th. We pi'-keted in front of Sharpsburg till 
twelve M., and were then sent ap the river about three miles, 

II 



*(i'ii^BS!lo 



168 



Historic Eecords. 



to picket some fords near Mercersville, where we continued 
till next morning. 

..I'j'Uit 2Sth. Sunrise found us with our pickets with- 
drawn, und in line of march towards Sharpsburg, where we 
joined the division. Again our faces were turned towards 
Virginia, and we were soon on its "sacred soil," having forded 
the Potomac a short distance below Shepardstown. Slowly 
and safely we advanced to Charlestown, halting by the rail 
road to allow the infantry to pass through the town before 
us. With flying colors our brave boys entered this very 
rebellious village, and the bands struck up the air cf Old 
John Brown, and played lustily as they marched through 
the streets, where but a ibW years past gathered the chivalry 
to witness the execution of Old Ossawatomie. The cavalry 
at last marched on in rear of the infantry, and encamped in 
the woods not fur from town. 

Up to this time our work in the valley had been very 
discouraging. It had been constant marching and fighting, 
but always retreating. The Rebels had had things nearly 
all their own way. However, we had prevented their cross- 
ing again into Maryland ; and now, for some reason, they 
were falling back to the line of the Opequan creek. Gen. 
Sheridan, with some reiinforcements, v/as now advancing to 
make battle in terrible earnest, and to push the enemy, if 
possible, far from the states he was so anxious to invade. 

Avgust 'idth. The x'egiment was made sad this morning 
by the departure of Col. Hammond from its command. 
(See Mementos), lo a ^eld near our camp, the regiment 
waa formed into a hollow square, and the colonel took 
formal leave. He undertook to speak a few words, but was 
choked by emotion. He rode fc -'ard to the officers, who 



re we continued 

ir pickets with- 
sburg, where we 
B turned towards 
I," having forded 
istown. Slowly 
Iting by the rail 

the town before 
■ntered this very 
ip the air of Old 
inarched through 
ered the chivalry 
lie. The cavalry 

and encamped in 

y had been very 
liing and fighting, 
had things nearly 
jrented their cross- 
uonie reason, thejr 
j[uaw creek. Gob. 

now advancing to 
ish the enemy, if 
sious to invade. 

gad this morning 
rom its command, 
amp, the regiment 

the colonel took 
few words, but was 
:o the officers, who 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



109 



were formed in front and centre, and shook hands wifh 
them. He then addressed a few parting words to the luen, 
and with three cheers proposed by Lieut. Col. Bacon, he 
pa.ssed out of the square, and left us. The regiment was 
immediately formed in lino of march, and, with the division, 
advanced to Berryville, where we made an early bivouac. 

September 2d. As we have not full feed for our horses, 
our men are compelled to fi^rage through the country, and 
occa^id ually squads of them are attacked and captured. 

During the night our poeition wrni flanked on f.he right, 
and this morning early we retreated on a back road by way 
of Myerstown, and returned to the pike not far from 
Charlestown. It was hoped we might here have a few days' 
rest, and preparations were made for comfortable shelters, 
but about sundown the v/oods rang with " boote and sad- 
dles." Again we advanced on Berryville, which we reached 
about ten P. M. We fouad the place occupied by the e?iemy, 
who retreated after a brief skirmish. 

September ?,d. The division advanced this morning to 
Millwood and Whit« Pest, encountering a heavy force of 
the enem.y a little beyond, from which we retired without 
an engagement. The rear of the column spent the night 
near Millwood. 

Scptemhiir 'kth. The command was made happy this 
morning with the news ; '■' AAhmU is oura !" The enemy's 
cavalry, hjvjng taken possession of the pike betM'cen us 
anci Berryville, we retreated to its vicinity by means of a 
circuitous route toward the Blue Ridge, (Jn arriving we 
found that the enemy held the td^wn in force, CMir artillery 
was used qwha extensively, the rcgimeul: supporting a bat- 
fery^ Theire was son:e musketry on the skirxaish line, on 



^^-■^inj 



VZ:siT,;Sku/AxXt.<~Ji:.'^3^^^tiiiiaf*iius^ 



170 



Historic Rkcoeds. 



which the regimeut lay all night, having been relieved from 
the battery. 

September 5th. The enemy was expelled from Berryville, 
and retired to the Opequan. The Fifth New York was 
sent on picket. A cold rain storm made mud for us and 
discomfort. 

Si'ptcmher 1th. Th"! day dawned bright and beautiful, 
after the storm. The division went out on the White Post 
road some distance, and turning to the right, proceeded as 
far as the Opequan, where we had a heavy skirmish with 
the enemy. Returned to Berryville at night. 

Septcmhcr dth. The regiaient spent yesterday and to-day 
on picket. The division has gone into camp on the north 
side of the pike. A large force of our infantry is also 
camped near by; and some of them arc busy building earth 
works across the pike about one mile eiist of Berryville. 

/September 10th. The regiment was relieved from picket 

September ISth. The first brigade advanced toward Win- 
chester on the pike, encountering the Rebel pickets at the 
Opequan. A quick dash was made upon their reserve, 
within two miles of Winchester, which, after a short 
skirmish, resulted in the capture of the 8th South Carolina 
volunteers. Sixteen officers, including their colonel, fell 
into our hands, and also their battle flag. The brunt of the 
engagement was borne by the 3d New Jersey and the 
2d Ohio regiments of cavalry. 

At the expiration of eight hours from the time the brigade 
moved out, we were back into our camps. This was one 
of the most brilliant exploits ever performed by the brigade. 

September 15th. The regiment went out again to the 
Opequan and skirmished with the enemy's pickets. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



171 



en relieved from 

from Berryville, 
New York was 
mud for us aud 

it and beautiful, 
the White Post 
ht, proceeded as 
y skirmish with 
;ht. 

(crday and to-day 
imp on the north 
infantry is abo 
.sy building earth 
of Berryville. 
eved from picket 
accd toward Win- 
bel pickets at the 
lOn their reserve, 
■h, after a short 
1th South Carolina 
their colonel, fell 
The brunt of the 
V Jersey and the 

he time" the brigade 
ps. This was one 
led by the brigade, 
out again to the 
fa pitkets. 



September IGtk. Spent the day on picket 

September llth. At one A. M. several regiments of the 
Ist brigade made another reconnoissance to the Opequan. 
The Fifth went mostly through the woods and fields. 
Crossed the creek at Burnt Factory, where a skirmish com- 
menced and continued, until we returned to the creek, on 
the pike. We then fell back to camp near Berryville. 

Scptcmher \^.th. Regiment on picket. 

September idth. General Sheridan had at length per- 
fected his arrangements for a general move upon the enemy. 
Atone A.M. the " general call" was sounded, tents were 
struck, and all due preparation made for the march. At 
tv^o o'clock a splendid force of infantry, cavalry and artil- 
lery, was advancing toward Winchester. The 2d New York 
had the advance, followed by the Fifth. Before daylight 
the Rebel cavalry pickets were charged at the Opequan, 
and driven hastily before us. Believing that this was noth- 
ing more than a repitition of the many reconnoissancea 
and raids, we had recently made, the Johnnies were 
scarcely prepared for the onset that was made upon them. 
Passing around a heavy barricade across the pike, the 
cuvalry waited not for the infantry supports, but dashed up 
the road, and charged the enemy's fortifications. Before 
they had fairly time to recover from this unexpected blow, 
they were struck by the strong lines of our eager infantry- 
men, and shells from our batteries just in position, fell fast 
among them. And now commenced one of the mo?it brilliant 
engagements of the war. 

Our first attack, so unexpected and furious, gave us the 
enemy's first line of works. This was a decided advantage, 
both in demoralizing the foe, and in giving us a better 



:, HfiSiiee:-.:. 



172 



Historic Records. 



position. The contestants soon became engaged throughout 
the entire line, extended for four or five miles across the 
country. 

About ten o'clock, by a persistent effort to keep his army 
well in hand, and by planting his artillery on the hills and 
chosen positions in front of Winchester, General Early, 
commanding the Rebel forces, succeeded in checking our 
advance. A terrible contest now followed. Forward and 
backward, advancing and receding, uurged those living lines' 
of men like the foaming waves of ocean. But, at length, 
the cavalry, the first division on the right, the third on 
the left, succeeded in driving in and enveloping the extreme 
wings of the Rebel army. At this the centre of their line 
began to waver, and, ere long, the whole force was in a 
swift retreat through Winchester, leaving their dead and 
wounded behind them. The battle had raged from morning 
till nearly sundown, and the field was strewn thick with 
the wrecks of recently prou 1, brave men. 

Five distinct charges had the regiment made during the 
day, four of these against infantry. In one of these charges, 
Capt. Farley, company C, while gallantly rallying his men, 
lost his right leg, which was taken away by a solid shot 
or shell. It was amputated above the knee. In another 
charge, led by Gen. Mcintosh in person, the general 
received a fearful gunshot wound in the left leg, which was 
nriipiifated below the knee. We had sustained a heavy loss, 
the bitterness of which was mitigated by the glorious success 
which had crowned our effort. 

Notwithstanding the fatigue of our horses and men, we 
were sent in pursuit of the retreating army. Swinging 
around Winchester to ihe left, we came up 1o the pike just 



em 



Fifth Njsw York Cavalry. 



173 



iged throughout 
iiiles across the 

keep hia army 
on the hills and 

General Early, 
in checking our 
I. Forward and 
those living lines' 

But, at length, 
bt, the third on 
iping the extreme 
itre of their line 
le force was in a 
ig their dead and 
^ed from morning 
trewn thick with 

t made during the 
e of these charges, 
rallying his men, 
,y by a solid shot 
knee. In another 
rson, the general 
left leg, which was 
tained a heavy loss, 
the glorious success 

lorses and men, we 
g army. Swinging 
up to the pike just 



above Milltown, and advanced beyond Kernstown, where we 
bivouacked for the night. 

September 20th. The division advanced to Newtown, 
and, turning to the left, struck the Front Royal pike at 
Nineveh, which we followed to Cmoked Run, where the 
enemy was met, and a slight skirmish followed. 

The command bivouacked early in the grassy fields. 

September 21st. The division was early on the move. 
The morning was chilly and foggy. The North Fork She- 
nandoah was crossed without opposition, and the enemy was 
found in considerable force on the South Fork. He was 
quickly driven from his strong position, leaving his spades 
and pickaxes in the trenches he was constructing. We 
pursued him rapidly through Front Royal, and halted to 
feed our horses in the fine corn fields beyond the town. At 
three p. M. we moved up the Luray pike to Asbury Church. 
This road is exceedingly romantic, with the broad, clear 
river on one side, and the lofty, precipitous rocks on the 
other. 

At the church we halted, and received one of the 
most fearful shellings, through which we ever passed, from 
the Rebel batteries posted on a high, commanding hill. 
Several regiments of the brigade broke before this fire, but 
the Fifth New York received high commendation for stand- 
ing firm. We built our bivouac fires by the church at 
night. 

September 22d. In the night the Rebels retreated up the 
valley, and early in the morning we gave them pursuit. 
We followed them to Milford creek, where we found them 
strongly intrenched in an impregnable position. All day 
we skirmished and fought with them. The Fifth New 






174 



IIisTOiiic Recohus. 



It ^ 



1!. 



York was engaged till night, when the division fell back, 
and left us on picket. 

September 2orf. This morning the whole division moved 
back toward Strasburg, stopping by the river near Water- 
liok Station, Manassas Gap rail road. Uere we received 
Gen. Sheridan's dispatches announcing his great victory at 
Fisher's Hill. They were read to the division, and the air 
was rent with the vociferous cheering of our mei . At night 
we were again advanced up the Luray Valley, halting after 
midnight near Milford creek. 

Septemher 24<A. During our absence the enemy had 
abandoned his strong position at Milford, and was fleeing up 
the valley. Before sunrise wo resumed our march. Near 
Luray where the valley becomes broad and beautiful, the 
enemy was encountered in force and driven, about one hun- 
dred prisoners falling into our hands. They were all loud 
in their denunciations of Gen. Early, the "apple-jack 
bibber," as many of them called him. On the hills beyond 
Luray we went into camp. But scarcely had we cooked 
our suppers, when "boots and saddles" hurried every man 
to his horse, and in an incredibly short time the whole 
force was in motion. This move was made in hopes of cap- 
turing the enemy, who had gone up the mountains toward 
the Shenandoah Valley, but, finding it occupied by our 
forces, was compelled to descend to the Luray again. How- 
ever, night came on too soon, and, in the darkness, the enemy 
slipped out of our hands. We forded the river, and 
bivouacked about nine o'clock, in a settlement, called JMas- 
sauutten. 

September 25th. This bright Sabbath morning found us 
vigorously pursuing our march over the Massanutten moun- 



7'moa fell back, 

I division moved 
ver near Watcr- 
[ere we received 
3 great victory at 
ision, and the air 
rinei. Atuiglit 
lley, halting after 

the enemy had 
nd was fleeing up 
Dur march. Near 
md beautiful, the 
m, about one hun- 
hey were all loud 
the "apple-jack 
n the hills beyond 
ly had we cooked 
lurried every man 
rt time the whole 
de in hopes of cap- 
mountains toward 
b occupied by our 
iuray again. How- 
larkness, the enemy 
ed the river, .ind 
lement, called ^laa- 

1 morning found us 
Massanutten moun- 



FiFTH New York Cavalry. 



175 



tains, through a gap from which a splendid view is obtained 
of the two valleys, which this range separates, the Luray 
and Shenandoah. About ten A. M. we arrived in the 
vicinity of New Market, where we met our supply train. 
Commissaries and quartermasters were in great repute just 
then, as were also the sutlers with their scanty supplies at 
enormous prices. We were camped a few hours in the 
woods. Here we received a good mail. 

About 2 p. M. the whole command started up the valley, 
halting near our vast infantry camps at Harrisonburg, about 
eleven o'clock. 

September 2Qth. This morning the cavalry moved up 
the valley, reaching Staunton at dusk. Not far from town, 
on the road to Waynesboro', we bivouacked, after a very 
fatiguing journey. 

September 21th. At ten A. M. the regiment was detailed 
to escoH Gen. Custer to his new command, lately Gen. 
Averill's, known among us as the Second division. This com- 
mand was near Port Kepublio. On the way the regiment had 
a fearful skirmish with the enemy at Mt. Meridian. How- 
ever, it succeeded in getting through, with the general unhurt. 

September 2%th. The boys were early on their way to 
rejoin the division, which they did at night, just after the 
battle of Waynesboro', in which a good number of the 
regiment were engaged. The division was now retreating, 
and a long, dreary march was before us. We passed 
through Staunton, and followed the pike down about two 
miles ; then turning to the left, we followed a rough, crook- 
ed road that led us to the Glade, a small valley near the 
foot cf the North or Shenandoah mountains. We journeyed 
all night long, and halted for breakfast at Spring Hill 
15 



^^ "i^^ju-:- 



176 



HisTOHic Records. 



September 29<A. From this halt the regiment waH rear- 
guard of the coluiun. A Hlight attack was made on us and 
repelled. Many of our horses gave out bj the way and 
were shot. The divi.>*ion took possession of Bridgewuter 
about noon. The regiment was on picket till night, when 
it camped near the town. 

October 2d. During our rest hero our horses have fared 
well with the forage, which is abundant all around us, and 
the men have obtained very comfortable subsistence from 
the country. Meanwhile, General Wilson has been removed 
to a large command in the western army, and General 
Custer has superseded him in the command of the Third 
division. 

At noon the command broke camp, and soon after the 
enemy's cavalry made a dash on our pickets and succeeded 
in penetrating the town. They were, however, driven back 
with some loss. Nearly all the aflernoon skirmishing 
and cannonading have been going on. The regiment 
had a dark, unpleasant night's picketing along this danger- 
ous line. 

October 3 J. On picket till five P. M. We then joined 
the brigade near Dayton and went into camp. 

October ith. In retaliation for the murder of Capt. Meigs, 
son of Quartermaster Gen. Meigs, near Dayton, by some 
citizen guerrillas, the regiment was ordered to report to 
Capt. Lee, provost marshal of the division, to burn every 
building within a circle of three miles from the scene of 
the murder. This was the most heart-sickening duty we 
had ever performed. Splendid mansions in great number, 
in the vicinity, were laid in ashes; but before the work 
of burning the town commenced, the order was oouu- 



Fifth Nisw Youk Cavalry. 



177 



a'mient was rear- 

8 Tuado on us and 

by the way and 

I of Bridgewater 
t till night, when 

borses have fared 

II around us, and 
subsistence from 

has been removed 
my, and General 
land of the Third 

,nd soon after the 
ets and succeeded 
(vever, driven back 
moon skirmishing 
I. The regiment 
along this danger- 

We then joined 
amp. 

•der of Capt. Meigs, 
: Dayton, by some 
dered to report to 
sion, to burn every 
from the scene of 
-sickening duty we 
IS in great number, 
ut before the work 
J order was coun- 



termanded. The execution of such orders, however just 
and right, has a very demoralizing effect upon tho men. 

October <oth. On falling back from the upper portion of 
the valley, Gen. Sheridan ordered all stacks or ricks of hay 
or grain, or the same in burns, to be destroyed by fire. 
Grist mills were to share the same fate. This precaution 
was to prevent the enemy's ever returning to subsist his 
army on this fruitful country. The march of our army 
could now bo traced by the heavy smokes, which rose on 
the air. 

On leaving Dayton this morning two grist mills were 
destroyed. The enemy followed very closely on our rear. 
Not far from Turleytown near Brock's Gap, he made a 
strong attack, in a \ ?ition very advantageous to himself. 
By dint of effort and Sne fighting he was prevented from 
doing us much injiry. The regiment lay all night on the 
skirmish line. 

October 7th. We continued falling back on the moun- 
tain road, and were rejoined by a squadron of the regiment, 
that was sent to Brock's Gap last evening, was cut off, but 
succeeded by great exertion and good fortune, to pass 
unhurt through the enemy's lines. At Forestville our 
column was attacked by a strong force. During the skirm- 
ish we lost seven forges, including ours, several ambulances, 
and a few men. Here Sergeant Whitney, company F, then 
in command of the company, lost his life by a fatal bullet, 
while gallantly struggling to repel tho enemy. 

We continued our march to Columbian Furnace, near 
which we bivouacked for the night. 

October Sth. As usual we were early on the move. The 
rear guard was attacked several times on the way. We 



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rei:ched Fisher's Hill b.!f'ore tiuudovn, and were sest on 
picket toward Tom's Brook. 

October 9ih. Annoyed by the frequent attacks of the 
enemy on our rear guards and pickets, Gen. Custer resolved 
to drive him from the vicinity. So facing about with his 
division, this morning he advanced upon Generals Rosser 
and Lomax in a nn*^ position nf^ai Tom's Brook. This 
wiis 'i pure cavalry fight, and one of the most spirited of 
the war. Having properly planted his artillery, and dis- 
posed his forLe as advantageou.sly as possible, the general 
ordsr6d the bugles on the entire Hue to sound the advance, 
and leading the Fifth Now York in person, he made p. dash 
on tho enemy's central position in the road. Our color 
bearer, Sergeant Buckley, company C, displayed his usual 
bravery, bearing our flag close by the side, and, at times, 
ahead of the general b. With a shout and a dash, with 
thundering artillery and gleaming sabres, with trusty car- 
bines tnd Yankee grit, our boys scattered the enemy before 
them, and won a complete victory. On the pike the First 
division, GKan. Merritt commanding, made a clean sweep of 
the enemy's cavalry on t/ieir front. 

October llth. This afternoon we moved to the pike, 
passed through Strasburg, and camped, aller dark, near 
Be'ie Grove, Gen. Sheridan's headquarters. 

October 13<A. The enemy made an attack on our cavalry 
pickets on C<.dar creek. The regiment was sent oat to 
recnforce the pickets. After some cannonading and skirm- 
ishing, the enemy withdrew, and the pickets were reestab- 
lished. 

October 14<A. The regiment wont on a reconnoissance to 
Lebanon church, where the enemy was met, and, after a 



■■''•'*!ii;v.^"--i'*' 



SSSi'SJi^SSSSlSSais.'SK**^^ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



179 



and were sent on 

nt attacks of the 
n. Custer resolved 
ing about with his 
n Generals Rosser 
m's Brook. This 
e most jpirited of 
artillery, and dis- 
aiblo, the general 
ound the advance, 
n, he made a dash 
road. Our color 
splayed his usual 
de, and, at times, 

and a dash, with 
, with trusty car- 

the enemy before 
he pike the First 

a clean sweep of 

red to the pike, 
after dark, near 

k on our cavair; 
was sent oat to 
ading and skirm- 
ets were reestab- 

•econnoissance to 
let, and, ailter a 



^ii:;ht skirmish, we returned to the north bank of Cedar 
iTock. 

October 15th. Went on piclcot along the creek. 

October IQth. We were relieved by the 1st Connecticut, 
nnd came back to the brigade, where we went into camp. 

October 10th. About four o'clock A. M. we were aroused 
Irom our slumbers by an attack on our cavalry pickets at 
die right of our line. This was followed by the discharire 
•jf signal guns down the Rebel lines, ending with a feurtul 
and surprise attack on the 8th corps (Gen. Crook's), which 
iiecupied our left. Here the men were killed and captured 
in their tfints, and nearly the whole camp, with sutlers' 
wagons, trains, and several pieces of artillery, fell into the 
eucniy's hands. Drivpu back in confusion, panic-stricken, 
the left of the 19th corps (Geu. Emory's) was uncovered 
and exposed to a withering fire from the exultant foe. Many 
of our brave fellows fell while contesting this central and 
important position. But our forti^ed lines had to be 
abaadoued, and the old 6th corps (Gen. Wright's) came 
under the flaiik fire of the advancing columns. 

Nine o'cIocIl and our lines had been driven back about 
three miles, and disaster had followed us at every step. A 
deep gloom had settled upon the army. The absence of 
Gen. Sheridan was deeply felt by all. But about ten o'clock, 
loud cheering in the rear, taken up by centre and front, 
announced that the hero of the Shenandoah had arrived 
upon the field of carnage. His blacL charger, reeking with 
foam, and covered with dust, had brought him in qu' ^k 
Iwste from Wiuphester. 

" The flfBt that the general saw were the groups 
Of gtriigglois and the retreaiing troops. 




;n 1- 






» ■ 



•7 i«5F> 






180 



II18T0R10 Records. 



What was done, what to do, a glance told Lim both ; 

Then, striking hie spurs with a terrible oath, 

He dashed dourn the line mid a storm of huzias, 

And the ware of retreat checked its course there, because 

The sight of the master compelled it to pause." 

The tide of battle immediately turned. Every man became 
suddenly transformed into two men, and the general's pres- 
ence gave a foretaste of victory. The meeting of' the 
generals was exceedingly affecting. Hata and caps were 
thrown into the air, and tears fell from their eyes like rain. 
Old gray-headed heroes sobbed like girls. Custer, the dar- 
ing, terrible demon that he is in battle, caught Sheridan in 
his arms, but was unable to utter a word I It was no time 
for sentiment. While consulting with his generals the 
alarming intelligence reached Sheridan that the enemy's 
cavalry was rapidly moving to flank him on the right. 

" Custer, I can trust you with the work of driving back 
this force," he said, after looking around him for a moment. 
No time was lost, and the work was successfully performed. 
Inch by inch the Rebel lines gave way, until about sun- 
set, when our artillery opened along our entire line with a 
galling fire. Then came the impetuous charge of our entire 
force, with the usual war-cry, more terrific than cannon's 
awful bellowing, and then, too, came the disastrous rout of 
the enemy. At this juncture the ever-ready Third division 
of cavalry made a grand dash at the fugacious Johnnies. 
A glance to the rear showed them closed in a solid body, 
their sabres flashing dimly through tbe smoke of that terri- 
ble field. No cheering now ; nothing but the thundering 
tread of the coluFnns, announcing our approach to the enemy, 
as we swept into the fire. The creek had been forded, and 






9i 



■''i^^^^^^^M'^^^i&mim^^^miii^mfiti^ 



Fifth Nkw York Cavalry. 



181 




oth; 



'e, beoanso 

sry man became 
general's pres- 
aeeting of the 
and caps were 
eyes like rain. 
!a8ter, the dar- 
;bt Sheridan in 
It was no time 
s generals the 
it the enemy's 
the right, 
driving back 
for a moiaent. 
illy performed, 
intil about sun- 
ire line with a 
;e of our entire 
than cannon's 
[StrouB rout of 
Third divisioD 
lous Johnnies, 
a solid body, 
of that terri- 
,e thundering 
to the enemy, 
in forded, and 



only half a mile, before we could reach the guns that were 
belching shot and shell at our troopers. The bugles again 
sounded the charge, and with a cheer ire rode straight for 
the foe. It was a maddening timn. The Kebals delivered 
one fierce volley, and the next ini^aLi, the pitiless sabres of 
our men and the iron heels of the horses were doing their 
work. For three miles the charge continued, the bloody 
ground, the broken m\iskets, the dead and wounded, told 
its ferocity. Only the darkness of night put an end to the 
slaughter. Never in this war was so much gained. Sheri- 
dan's victory was complete. 

Interesting accounts of extraordinary valor in the regiment 
may be found in the chapter of registers of companies. 
The following artiole, with receipt, from t New York daily, 
ffill show how the regiment behared on this memorable day : 

Among the regiments that participated in Sheridan's vic- 
tory of October 19th, none equaled the success of the Fifth 
New York Cavalry. The followiug interesting and important 
receiptforproperty,oapturedbytheregimontha8 been issued : 

Headquarters First Brigade, 1 
Third Cavalry Division.Oot. 2lBt, 1864. / 

Received of the Fifth New York Cavalry, commanded by 
Major A. H. Krom, twenty-two pieces of artillery, fourteen 
caiesons, one battery wagon, seventeen army wag6ns, six 
spring wagons and ambulances, eighty-throe sets of artillery 
harness, seventy-five sets of wagon harness, ninety-eight 
Iiorses, sixty-seven mules, captured in action in the buttle 
of the 19th of October, 1864, on Cedar creek, Va. 
A. C. M. Penninqton, Jr., 

Colonel Commanding Brigade. 
Adjutant's General's Ofiice, Oct. 25, 1864. 

[A true copy.] E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. G. 







^:> 



182 



HisTORio Records. 



To this receipt mighi have been added tvro battle flags 

and many prisoners. The following congratulatory order 

was issued and promulgated to h's divisiou by General 

Custer : 

Headqisarrcra.Third Division, Cavalry Corps, 'l^ 
Middle Military Division, October 21, 1864. j 

Soldiers of the Third Cavalry Division : 

With pride and gratification your commanding general 
congratulates you upon your brilliant achieveme nbs of the 
past few days. 

On the ninth of the present month you attacked a vastly 
superior force of the enemy's cavalry, strongly posted, with 
artillery in position, and commanded by that famous "savior 
of the Valley," Bosser. 

Notwithstanding the enemy's superiority in numbers and 
position, you drove him twenty miles, capturing his artillery, 
six pieces in all ; also his entire train of wagons and ambu- 
lances, and a large number of prisoners. Again, during 
the memorable engagement of the nineteenth instant, your 
conduct throughout was sublimely heroic, and without a 
parallel in the annals of warfare. In the early part of the 
day, when disaster and defeat seemed to threaten our noble 
army upon all sides, your calm and determined bearing, 
while exposed to a terrible fire from the enemy's guu8, 
added not a little to restore confidence to that portion of 
our army already broken and driven back on the right. 

Afterwards, rapidly transferred from the right flank to 
the extreme left, you materially and successfully assisted in 
defeating the enemy in his attempt to turn the left flank of 
our army. Again ordered on the right flank, you attacked 
and defeated a division of the enemy's cavalry, driving him 



*i«t^«fti>=#»S5si- - 







Fifth Nbw York Cavalry. 



iia 



tro battle flags 
jratulatory order 
sion b^ General 



!avalry Corps, I 
ober 21, 1864. j 



Handing general 
evemeita of the 

attacked a vastly 
igly posted, with 
' famous "saTior 

in numbers and 
ing his artillery, 
tgons and ambu 

Again, during 
tb. instant, your 

and without a 
arly part of the 
•eaten our noble 
mined bearing, 
I enemy's guus, 
that portion of 
I the right. 

right flank to 
fully assisted in 
;he lefl flank of 
k, you attacked 
ry, driving him 



in confusion across Cedar creek. Then changing your fVont 
to the left at a gallop, you charged and turned the left 
flank of the enemy's line of battle, and punned his broken 
and demoralized army a distance of iGive miles. Night 
alone put an end to your pursuit. 

Among the substantial fruits of this great victory, you 
can boast ot having captured five battle flags, a lar* aum- 
ber of prisoners, including Major Gen. Ramseur, an* .brty- 
five of the forty-eight pieces of artillery taken fro. a the 
enemy ou that day, thus making fifty-one pieces of artillery 
wliich you have captured from the enemy within the short 
period of ten days. 

This is a record of which you may well be proud, a record 
won and established by your gallantry and perseverance. 
You have surrounded the name of the Third cavalry division 
with a halo as enduring as time. 

The history of this war, when truthfully written, will 
contain no brighter page than that upon which is recorded 
tiie chivalrous deeds, and glorious triumphs of the soldiei-s 
of the Third division. 

G. A. Custer, 
Brigadier General Commanding. 
Official : Chs. Siebert, Captain aud A. A. Q. 
On the 19th of September we gave the Rebels a thorough 
whipping at Winchester; on the 19th of October we repeated 
the operation with a double dose on Cedar creek, each time 
with the 19th corps in the centre of the line, giving us an 
arithmetical assemblage worthy of remembrance by the 
American people. 

It was quite late at night when the pursuit was disoon- 
tinued, and the troops returned to their "old campground." 



: i. 
if 




m. 



184 



Historic Records. 



October 20th. The division wont out on a reconnoissaDoe 
to Tom's Brook on the mountain road, but captured only s 
few stragglers. The column returned to camp but the Fifth 
wac left on picket at the Cedar creek neighborhood. Migor 

Boice took command. i4;^,.ii->.^*-v »-*>.•• * 

October 2Ut. The 2d OTklo reheTed vm about sundown, 
and we came near brigade headquarters iuto camp. 

On the 25th and Slst we took our tour at picketing. 

.November 6th. The regiment went out on a reconnoissance 
toward Romney. It returned at night, atter a tedious, cold 
and fruitlens march. 

November Sth. The whole army broke camp and moTed 
near Kernstown, where it is expected we may build winter 
quarters. 

November 9th. The first brigade waa sent out on the 
mountain road near Zion Church, where • picket, Una wu 
established. .4 1 . v\,c ^.,j..!l. '^' 

November 12th. The enemy's cavalry (Irore in our pickets 
this morning, and made their appeal » ^ very near oor 
camp. The First, brigade went out and drove them beyona 
Cedar creek, after an exciting engagement. Col. Hull, of 
the 2d New York, while pushing on at the head of his men, 
was killed. He was a gallant young officer, who had but 
recently borne the eagle. He was generally lamented. 

We returned to our eamps at night, after aerer^ly 
punishing the enemy, c i; !►. . ii . s&5'5-?E 

November ISth. A reoonneissance was made to Cedar 
creek, but the enemy was not discovered. 

Novemher 21»<. The Second and Third divisions started 
up the valley on a reconnoissance. The whole force bi- 
vouacked in and about Woodstock at night. 



m 



fi 



on a reconnoissanoe 
but captured only a 
camp but the Fifth 
)ighborhood. Major 

OB about sundown, 
into camp. 
ir at picketing. 
: on a reconnoissanee 
utter a tediona, cold 

s camp and moved 
e may build winter 

18 sent out on the 
) a picket line was 

'Irore in pur picketa 
■'^ very near onr 
drove them beyona 
nt. Gol. Hull, of 
he head of his men, 
icer, who had bat 
ally lamented. 
:ht, after severely 

ts made to Cedar 



d divisions started 
le whole force bi- 
It. 



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Fifth Nkw Yohk Cavalry. 



187 



m. 



November 22il. The advance, at Edinburg, captured the 
Rebel outpust of pickets this uiorning, and as rapidly as pos- 
sible the wbule furco advanced to the Shenandoah beyond 
Mt. Jackaun, where a strong picket lino was encountered. 
The Second divisiun was moved across the river, with a 
portion of the Third division, and advanced in skirmish line 
near Hood's Hill, where it developed the power of the enemy, 
who came out in three well-formed lines of battle. To 
ascortain the position and force of the enemy was pU we had 
iutcndod. Having accomplished this to our satisfaction, all 
we desired was to escape from this force with the least possi- 
ble injury. This was not done, however, without a hard- 
fought balt!e. In this engagement the regiment performeu 
deeds of the most wonderful daring, preventing a flank 
movement on the column by the enemy's cavalry. About 
three P. M. we succeeded in dealing our pursuers such 
a blow, aa to enable us to fall back unmolested. The main 
force returned to Woodstock, and halted for the night 
The Fifth, however, was left to picket the rear along Stony 
creek. The night was very cold, occasioning some suffering. 

November 2'&d. A cold march, over frozen ground, brought 
UH buck agcin to our camp near the sources of the Opequan, 
about three miles from Kernstown. 

November 24<A. This evening, after feasting on our 
Thanksgiving chickens and turkeys, sent us by our friends 
iti the north, the regiment was made doubly thankful by 
receiving an order from General Sheridan detailing ua for 
bis escort. 

November 2bth. Obedient to the order, we reported to 
General Sheridan at nine A. M., and were ordered into camp 
near bis headquarters at Kernstown. 



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188 HiSTObIC Recobds. 

Quite an effort wn3 made by some high olSoials to get the 

regiment back to the brigade, but the general sai^, " What 

I have written, I have written." 

As our campaigning is now ended for the season, with 

pleasure we append the following result of Qen. Sheridan's 

work in the valley : 

Pnionert oapturod at Wiiioheiter (well) 2,200 

Priaoners captured at TVinobeater (wounded) 2,000 

PriBonera oaptured at Fisher's Hill 900 

Prisoners captured on ttie march beyond and since and 

before the battio 1,600 

Prisoners captured at Cedar creek 2,000 

Total prisoners 8,600 

CaunoD ovptured near Martinsburg 2 

Cannon captured on the Opequan 6 

Cannon captured at Wisher's Hill 21 

Cannon captured in cavalry battle 11 

Cannon captured at Cedar creek 60 

ToUl 89 

Small arms captured at Winchester 6,000 

Small arms captured at Fisher's Hill 1,100 

Small arn:s captured at Cedar creek (say) 6,000 

Total 12,100 

Cai8<;ons captured at Winchester 4 

Caissons captured at Fisher's Hill 9 

Caissons captured at C:<lar creek (s»,> „ 22 

Total 36 

Wagons captured at different points 160 

Wagons captured at Cedar creek 100 

ToUl 260 

December 1st. The regiment escorted the general to 
Sheridan hospital near Winchester, where we witnessed 






■ •■AJfU. 



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Ii 3ffioial8 to get tlie 
meral said, " What 

r the seasoQ, wit,h 
of Qen. Sheridan's 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



189 



the ceremony of a flag raising, a flag presented by the Union 
ladies of the f«WD. There was a largo and brilliant assem- 
blage of smiling ladies, andgayly dressed officers, and not a 
few of our brave boys seated on bench«^8 and chairs, who 
had lost arms, legs, health, &c., for the proud flag, whose 
floating to-day they cheered with happy toices, 

December Uth. We escorted the general to his iiew head- 
quarters at the Logan mansion in Winchester. The regi- 
ment was ordered to build wibteic quarters, which work was 
begun near >h»j town on west side of the road to Martins- 
burg. Nearly the whole army has constructed or is con- 
structing its winter qnai ters. 

December 81rt. The old year is dying, with the pure 
white snow for her winding sheet and the hoarse winds for 
her requiem. These are solemn hours to the Christian 
soldier. Memory recalls the terrible dangers through 
which he has passed and the awful scenen he has witnessed. 
His heart swells with gratitude to the Great Preserrer for 
the gift of safety, and he prays for courage and strength to 
be faithful and efficient until his work is done. 



,1..^ 



16 




CHAPTEli XL 




tieneral Sheridan's Last Raid. — Up the Valley — Battle o( 
Waynesboro". — Many Priftoners. — In Charge oi" the Regi- 
ment. — RosBer Annoys Rear of Column. — Battle of Rood'i 
Hill. — RoBser L'e'oated. — Fall of Riohuond. — Lee Surren- 
ders. — Suburbs of Winchester. — Rebel Soldiers Anxious to 
be Paroled. — Expedition to Staunton. — Preparation *.o Muster 
out the Regiment. — Camp Illumination. — Last Order of Col. 
White. — Journey to Hart's Island, N. Y. Harbor. — The Fifth 
New Yorlt Cavalry is No More — January l.t to July 26M, 1885. 

January IQlh. Several of General Sheridan's B<^outs, ac- 
companied by a detail of the regiment, made a domonstrii- 
tion on the Rebel pickets, near Edinburg, capturing a good 
number. Keturuiug tjiey tarried too long at Woodstock, 
where they were attacked by a large force, the prisoners 
liberated and some of the party captured. 

January 22d. An affair quite similar to the above oc- 
curred at Edinburg Our loss was larger than before. 

February 23rf. The regiment went out on a reconnois- 
sance to Newtown, White Post, Millwood, and returned at 
eleven o'clcsk at night, without seeing even the semblance 
of an enemy. 

February 27th. A grand cavalry movement was com- 
menced to-day, the fruit uf vhich will compare favorably 
with any other movement during the war. Gen. Sheridan, 
with the cavalry of the valley, moved out toward Staunton 



■"^■ajTv 



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alley — Battle of 
ge oi" the Rcgi. 
Battle of Rood's 
d. — Lee Surren- 
iiers Anxious to 
aration '.o Muster 
ast Order of Col. 
rbor.— The Fifth 
!o July 26M, 1885. 

ian's Bi^outs, ac- 
de a domoostru- 
!aptur:ng a good 
; at Woodstock, 
>, the prisoners 

I the above oc- 
tian before, 
jn a reconnois- 
nd returned at 
the semblance 

nent wa3 com- 
ipare favorably 
Gen. Sheridan, 
award Staunton 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 191 

about ten o'clock. The regiment accompanied him. Tho 
column moved as rapidly as possible up the Valley pike, 
which is one of the finest highways of the country, and in 
good condition at all seasons of the year. 

March \st. The advance reached the vicinity of Waynes- 
boro', the headquarters of General Early, commanding 
Kobel forces. Here the Third clivision again proved itself 
worthy of the renown it had. acquired. With his usual 
daring Gen. Custer advanced his division upon the Rebel 
camp. All resistance was fruitless. Our men swept around 
this ill-starred army and enveloped them like fish in a 
net. Gen, Early barely escaped, by cunningly dodging 
into a thicket, pursued closely by the horsemen. His staff 
officers and nearly his entire force fell into our hands, 
making a total of about 1,400 prisoners. His artillery, 
camp and garrison equipage and stores were either appro- 
priated to our own use or destroyed, mostly the latter. This 
was but the beginning of achievements, which place the 
name of Sheridan among the first heroes of modern times. 

Encumbered by so great a crowd of prisoners, the general 
concluded to send them to the rear by way of Winphester. 
This was no small task, to guard upward of a thousand 
men nearly a hundred miles through a country infested by 
guerrillas, and by the forces of General Rosscr. This task 
was committed to the Fifth New York, with detachments of 
other regiments, and a promiscuous lot of dismounted men, 
and of men whose horses were wcil-nigh "played out," 
making a command about on'3 thousand strong. 

Retaining with himself such of the regiment as were 
orderlies for his staff officers, messengers, color bearers, &o., 
tlic general pursued his journey over the Blue Ridge, cap- 





19S 



Historic Records. 



tured cities and prisoners, destroyed rail roads, canals and 
other public property, eluded the enemy by the swiftness of 
his motion, and, after inflicting irreparable injury, rested 
his brave, tired squadrons near White House Landing. 
But he was ready for the orening campaign near Peters< 
burg, where he covetod himself and his men with glory, at 
Dinwiddie, Five Forks and Appomattox, surrounding the 
enemy at last and compelling him to a hasty surrender, 
From this digression we return to the main body of the 
regiment. 

The roads from Waynesboro', cut down by the train, the 
pontoon wagons and the artillery, and trampled by the ioog 
lines of cavalry, were almost impassable. Along these the 
guard and prisoners floundered, traveling in the fields 
where they could, and finally rejoiced to have struck the 
firm macadamized pike near Staunton. Here supplies of floar 
and meat were obtained in abundance, and the command 
was prepared to undertake its long, perilous march to Win- 
chester. 

At Mt. Sidney a considerable body of Rossor's men 
made their appearance, and attacked the rear guard. They 
were repelled after a brief skirmish, during which Edward 
M uton, company M, had a ball wound his horse and another 
pass through his canteen full of sorghum, letting out the 
contents. Occasional shots were exchanged with these 
pursuers, who hung on our rear, all the way. At Laccy 
Springs, their numbers having been increased, they made 
quite a demonstration. This was renewed with new zeal 
and numbers at New Market, while the force was gathering 
on every side to contest the passage of the Shenandoah near 
Mt. JacLson. On the morning of the seventh of March, the 






i5!«<&«i&fet£-fejgfe*feftl^lK:i*S» 



Fifth Nbw York Cavalry. 



198 



roads, canals and 
by the swiftness of 
ible icjury, rested 

House Landing. 
)aign near Peters- 
men with glory, at 
:, sarTounding the 

1 hasty surrender, 
main body of the 

n by the train, the 
impled by the long 
Along these the 
ling in the fields 
o have struck the 
ire supplies of flour 
and the command 
ous march to Win- 

of Rossar's men 

ear guard. They 

ing which Edward 

lorse and another 

letting out the 

ged with these 

way. At Laccy 

reased, they made 

ed with new zeal 

tree was gathering 

Shenandoah near 

th of March, the 



in 



command was ready to cross the river. The Fifth was 
sgain rear guard. Gon. Rosser, intent on releasing the 
prisoners, had collected his force, and, coming down Rood's 
Hill, charged on the column. Col. Boice, commanding tho 
regiment, suddenly changed direction, held his men in good 
line, each reserving his fire uatil the enemy had approached 
within a few rods, then ordering and leading the charge, 
be fell with a crushing blow upon the enemy. The John- 
nies, not expecting such a dash, wneoled about and under- 
took to fly, but were prevented doing so rapidly on account 
of the mud of the field where they were. A band to hand 
contest of unusual excitement followed, in which the most 
daring deeds were done. Col. Boice, having emptied every 
chamber of his revolver, unhorsed six Rebel troopers with 
the butt. The affair resulted, not in the release of the 
prisoners as fondly hoped by Rosser, but in tho capture of 
thirty- five of his men, the killing of quite a number, and 
the dispersion of his entire force. Our boys went on their 
way rejoicing, and crossed the river unmolested, while a 
few 0^ the beaten Rebels grinn ad at them from Rood's Hill, 
beyond carbint range. 

The remainder of the march was quite pleasant, and the 
arrival of the column at Winchester, the eighth of March, 
was hailed with a salute from the First Maine battery. 

The regiment returned to camp, and the prisoners were 
sent on to Harper's Ferry. The regiment was now subject 
to orders from Oen. Hancock, who had the temporary com- 
mand of the forces in and about Winchester. 

March 18th. The regiment went on a reconnoissance to 
Berryville. Deserters from the Rebel lines are daily coming 
in our own, and giving themselves up. 



m 



fsSfe 



■4fW^'^ 



L 




194 



Historic Kecords. 



B'i 






'March 16<A. The paymaster is making us a friendly call, 
and is relieving bimsolf freely of " stamps," as the boys 
call his greenbacks. 

March 29th. The regiment had the honor of being 
reviewed by two generals with their staffs, nac'ely, Hancock 
and Torbert. Gen. Hancock was heard to say, " Well 
done," on witnessing some swifl evolutions, which gave 
the boys peculiar satisfaction. 

April 'Ad. Swift telegrams announce Gen. Sheridan's 
victorious battles below Petersburg, and the fall of Rich- 
mond ! Batteries rend the air with their salutes, aad 
bands of music fill the intervals with joyful airs. The 
evening has been made luminous with fireworks from the 
signal tower on Logan mansion, and bonfires in the streets. 

April 9th. Midnight! and the booming cannon announce 
the surrender of General Lee and the army of Northern 
Virginia. Aroused from their slumbers the soldiers and 
some citizens rush to Gen. Hancock's headquarters, a happy, 
almost crazy throng. The Logan mansion shines with an 
illumination, the signal tower blazes with fireworks, bt'ls 
ring, bands discourse patriotic music, flags are paraded 
through the streets, &nd the multitude grows hoarse with 
cheering. The whole night is filled with jubilation. 

April \bth. All are filled with gloom at the news of the 
assassination of our beloved President Ifst evening. Thus 
the bitterest cup is tendered to the lips of the people in the 
midst of their highest joy over past victories. Freedom's 
noblest champion, a nation's great chief, falls a martyr to 
his cause ! 

April 27th. It has been a busy day, breaking up winter 
quarters, and removing into a grassy field about a mile from 



a.-ev» J. 'jW *^,«- Uii 




w< 



"iiiiVrritiifliii'f^UiiiriiiriiiiiihirirTiM-'' 



mi 



FiFTU Nkm- York Cavalry. 



196 



; ua a friendly call, 
imps," as the boys 

e honor of being 
h, nas'ely, Hancock 
ird to say, "Well 
iitions, which gave 

e Gen. Sheridan's 

td tho fall of Rich- 

their salutes, and 

I joyful airs. The 

fireworks from the 

ifires in the streets. 

[ig cannon announce 

army of Northern 

s the soldiers and 

idquarteiB, a happy, 

ion shines with an 

ith fireworks, h Us 

flags are paraded 

rows hoarse with 

jubilation. 

at the news of the 

3t evening. Thus 

P the people in the 

tories. Freedom's 

falls a martyr to 

Ireaking up winter 
about a mile from 



town near tho llomney pike. We are now merged into a 
IVovisional brigade of cavalry, under command of Col. 
Keno. Before leaving sight of Winchester, we should say, 
that though it does not appear as when first visited by tho 
regiment in 1862, it still presents some objects of interest. 
Near by it on the Romney pike are the ruins of the man- 
sion of Jomes M. Mason (Mason and Slidell), once the 
! eadquarters of Gen. Banks. 

On the north side of the town, in an old cemetery, is the 
i;rave of " Major Gen. Daniel Morgan, who died in 1808," 
of revolutionary fame. The marble slab is of poor quality, 
and has been wantonly broken piece by piece, for tho sake 
of relics, until the inscription is partially obliterated. 

To the east of this cemetery is the Union soldiers' sleeping 
place, a parterre enclosed with a neat board fence, and 
ffliose straight rows of graves with their uniform head- 
boards, painted white with black inscriptions, present a 
scene thrillingly interesting. This graveyard is contiguous 
•o the Winchester cemetery, whose monuments and tomb- 
stones show marks of the many battles which have been 
fought in this vicinity. 

April 29th. Fragments of the Rebel army are constantly 
coming in, even guerrillas, who ^ere scarcely expected to 
give up their work so soon. They, too, are eager for their 
parole, sick at heart with the war, and glad to return to 
more peaceful pursuits. 

A salute was fired to-day on the reception of a telegram 
announcing the surrender of Johnston and his army to 
Gen, Sherman. 

Mai/ ith. At seven this morning the regiment moved out 
with a brigade of infantry, the whole in command of Brig. 




: m-'tt 



196 



Historic Records. 



Geo. Duval, on the way to Staunton. The march was per> 
formed quietly, resembling more a picnic party, than an 
assemblage of warriors. 

Wo were everywhere received with cordiality, having 
nothing to offer but " pettce and good will " to all law- 
abiding oitisens. Farmers are in their fields, mechanics in 
their shops, merchants display their scanty stores, and a new 
lifti is manifested on every side. 

May 9<A. The expedition reached Staunton, and camped 
in and about the town. It is remarkable how readily paroled 
Rebel soldiers a£Eiliate with us, and how anxiously those who 
are not paroled seek their papers. The rank and file of tba 
llebel Hrmy will return to a cordial submission to our lawi, 
more readily than the people generally, who have simplj 
looked on the conflict. 

May 19 'A. The re^in.<jnt went out with two days' rations 
and forage, under light marching orders, to Lexington, 
where they captured or arrested Ex-Governor Letcher, and 
brought him to Staunton, arriving on the 20th. This ex- 
pedition was quite a relief from the monotonous life, which 
we are now living. There is not enough to do to keep up 
our energies. And as the war is over, and we have aooom- 
plished the work we came out to do, there is a very general 
desire that we may be mustered out and sent home at an 
early day. Several officers and men have sought to dissi- 
pate the ennut of our situation, by visiting Weyer's Cave, 
near Port Republic on the South Fork Shenandoah. 

June 9th, Under order No. 83, Adjutant-General's Office, 
mustering out all men whose term of service expires pre- 
vious to October 1st, we lost quite a large number of our men 
to-day, who left us for home. It was hard in many in- 



m 



mm^M 



>s. 

The march was per 
}ionio party, than an 

h cordiality, having 
od will " to all law. 
■ fields, mechanics in 
iOty stores, and a new 

Mnnton, and camped 
I how readily paroled 
' anxiously those who 
) rank and file of th« 
bmission to oar lawi, 
f, who haye simplj 

jith two days' rations 
ders, to Lexington, 
vernor Letcher, and 
the 20th. This ex- 
lotonous life, which 
to do to keep ap 
>nd we have acoom- 
re is a very geBeral 
sent home at an 
e sought to dici- 
ng Weyer's Cave, 
enandoah. 
t-General's Office, 
rrice expires pre- 
umber of our men 
ibard in manv in- 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



197 



stances to sever the attachments that have been formed 
during our peculiar life and acquaintance. 

June \2th. The regiment gladly obeyed ordv 'S to i rm 
tu Winchester. We commenced our march at five P. M., with 
the design of marching mostly in the cool of evening and 
night, and of resting during the heat of day. Our uiarch 
was pl'idjantly performed, and we reached Winchester 
about noon of the 15th, and vitohed our tenta in Caiup 
Ihmmond, which we had left. 

Juli/ Ibth. Busy preparations are being made and are 
nearly completed for the mustering out of the regiment. 
Consequently general gladness prevails in camp. This 
inward joy was manifbci^d this evening by a grand camp 
iiiumlDation. Candles were placed in rows upon the tents 
aud carried up into the trees of the woods where we are 
eucamped. Bon^res were built in the company streets, and 
torches were carried in procession. Several oflScers of the 
field and staff were cheered, and Col. White was called out 
for a speech, which he made. The entertainment closed by 
banging and burning Jeff. Davis in e&gy. Those who wit- 
nessed the novel scenes of the evening will not soon forget 
them. 

Juli/ l&th. This morning the regiment received the last 

general order ever issued to it. 

Head QuAimRa Fifth N. Y. Cavalry, 

In the Field near Winobester, 7a., 
July 18th, 1866. 

In compliance mth orders from the commanding general 
the regiment will leave Stevenson's Station this p. m. at 
three o'clock, en route to New York city, for final discharge. 

Transportation will be furnished for ofilcers' horses to place 
of muster out. The regiment will march for the depot at 



'••} 



m 



.\'* 




198. 



UisTOHio Records. 




twc'.ve M. Every officer and enliHted iran will be in c»nip 
to march promptly at that hour. Ku route homo and UDtil 
final dinchurgo, it is earuontly hoped the regiment will nus- 
tain its good name. • 

After four years of hardship and honor yon return u> 
your state to be honorably mustered out of service and t(/ 
return once more to a peaceful I le among your friends and 
loved ones. In a few days you will be scattered and the 
Fifth New York Cavalry will be no more. The hardships 
you have endured ; the comforts of which you have been 
deprived ; the cheerful and prompt manner in which jou 
have always done your duty, and the successes you have 
met with on the battle field, have won the admiraticn of ever; 
general officer under whom you have served. Surpassed bj 
none, equaled by fbw, your record as a regiment is a glo- 
rious and an honorable one. 

May your future lives be as prosperous and as full of 
honor to yourselves, as the past four years have been to your 
country, to your state and to the Fifth New York Cavalry. 

A. H. White, 

Col Comd'g 

6th N. Y. Cavalry. 

The regiment was ready to move at the appointed hoar, 
and at three p. M. the train that bore many a happy heart, 
moved from Stevenson's Station toward Harper's Ferry. 

Jul}/ I9th. Our muster out papers all bear this date. 
In the City of Brotherly Love at " Cooper Shop," the regi- 
ment waf entertained with an excellent supper. Cheerfnil; 
we pursued our journey to the metropolis, where we tarried 
not long, and on the afternoon of the 20th, we were neatly 
encamped on Hart's Island, New York harbor, awaiting our 



■;. ill 



*^Si£Sii; 



•«isj(^, ^-Sr^A, ^ .M>^^ ~.^m»x-^ ' ,.«i*^a^*^' 



s. 



Fifth Nfw York Cavalry. 



199 



run will be in camp 
oute homo nnd until 
e rcginiont will gus- 

honor you return to 
it of service and tu 
>ng your friends and 
e scattered and the 
>re. The hardships 
lich you have been 
inner in which jou 
successes you have 
I admiration of every 
rved. Surpassed by 
a regiment is a glo- 

-ous and as full of 
rs have been to your 
New York Cavalrj. 

mdg 

N. Y. Cavalry. 

le appointed hour, 

lany a happy heart, 

arper's Ferry, 
bear this date. 
3T Shop," the regi- 
upper. Cheerfully 

where we tarried 

1, we were neatly 
irbor, awaiting our 



tuiu with the paymaster. The Fifth Regiment of Cavalry, 
I'il'ih Infantry and Fifth Artillery, N. Y. Vols , met to- 
gether for the first time on Hart's Island. 

Juljf 2bth. The first and second battalions and Co. I of 
the third were paid this afternoon and evening, and many 
of the men took boat from the island for home. 

July '16th. The remaining three companies of the regi- 
ment were paid this morning, and the Fifth New York 
Cavalry was no more, except in story. 




\ I 







■ 




1 




* 



CHAPTER Xn. . 

RegimenUl Ilemi. — Tablet : Oifioeri at Time of Mutter Out. — 
Coniin»nding Officeri. — Non-oomniitiioned Staff. — Exhibit of 
Btrengib on Monthly Returnt. — Full Htatittioi. — Former Oo- 
oupationt of our Men. — Their Placet of Birth. — Marob^ of 
the Regiment — Countiet Traterted. — Etoort Duty. — Q«a- 
erali under whom we Served. — Burial of Our Dead. — Tablu: 
Engagement! and their Caiualtict. — Men Killed in Action. — 
Mortally Wounded. — Diioharged by Reaion of Woundt. — Lilt 
of Retired Offioeri. 

In passiog from the diary of the regiment, we intro- 
duce the reader to what may seem more dry and uninterest- 
ing, yet not less important, to a vast array of statistios. To 
any one but a member or friend of the regiment it may 
seem to have been unnecessary to appropriate so much space to 
these numbers. Our apology — if indeed any be needed— 
shall bo brief. We look upon such tables as invaluable to 
correct and full history. Figures often reveal more than 
narration. Great pains have been taken lo present them iu 
an attractive form, and one convenient for reference, and 
no time has been spared in making them reliable. Not less 
than three months of hard labor have been consumed in tbe 
compilation of these tables, one of them Jone — "eugage- 
ments and their casualties" — having occupied nearly one- 
third of that time. 

Were the historian supplied with such data from eacb 



fi ,'■■ 



■'***»% 



:-i-iiiiLJ>f'i^tiij^giijiim^ai^^A^^&it^^i:.!^ M ■'■.•iiSkiii^^^'- 



YiTTH New Yobk Cavalhy. 



801 



le of Muster Out. — 
1 Buff. — Exhibit of 
istios. — Former Oo- 
Birth. — Marob*! of 
Isoort Duty. — Gen- 
Our Dead. — T»blMi 
Killed in Action. - 
in of Wounds. — Liit 



igiment, we intro- 
Iry and nninterest- 
r of Btatistios. To 

regiment it may 
te so much space to 
'. any be needed— 
i as invaluable to 

reveal more thso 

present them iu 
for reference, and 
eliable. Not less 

1 consumed in the 
itlone — " engage- 

upied nearly one- 



rcjrimont, which htm participated in our terrible struggle 
an incalculably interesting and valuable history of this 
rebclliun might be compiled at no distant day. But it is to 
bo feared that in many instances uot even the number 
mach less the names, of our noble defenders, who have 
fillen in the conflict, will ever be known to posterity. 
While it is a noble thing to die for one's country, it is an 
iiinobie thing for survivors not to chronicle the deeds and 
iianieH of their loss fortunate companions. We have en- 
deavored to do juiitice to the memory of our comrades in 
these pages, and if, in any way, we have failed to do it well, 
let it not be attributed to a want of devotion to them or to 
the facts of history. 

With thoughts like these we are doubtless prepared to 
enter upon the perusal of the following statistics. 



data from each 



1> 




202 



Historic Recobds. 





Officers of the Regiment at Time of Muster-out, July 19, '65. 



Naxm. 



Baxk. 



FlKLDAMD SlAII. 

Amo!< H. White,» 

Theodore A. r.oioe,* 

Elmer J. Barker,' 

Henry A. D. Merritt,* 

Liberty C. Abbott 

Fred M. Sawyer,' 

Dewitt H. Diokineou, 

Joseph A. Phillips, 

OrlanJc W. Armstrong,*... 

Isaac N. Mead,,.. 

Kicbard H. Goodoll 

Louis N. Boudrye,^~»..».,.. 

Co. A. 

Frazer A. Boulelle,'. 

Michael Hayes,* 

William T. Boyd,"" 

Co. B. 

Jabei Chambers,"... 

Samuel McBride," 

Edward Price, 

Co. C. 
Benj. M. Whittemore,".... 
William Leahey,'* 



Colonel, ... 
Lieut. Col,, 
Major, 



Adjutant, 

Eegt. Q. M.,. 
Hegt, Comm., 

Surgbon, 

Ass. Surgeon, 
If (I 

Chaplain, .> 

Captain, .... 
1st Liout.,.., 
2d Lieut., .., 

Captain,.... 
1st Lieut.,., 
2d Lieut 

Captain, ... 
1st Lieut.,.., 



Rank at 
Tm or 
Rntbt. 



Tmi ov EsTw, 



1st Lieut. 
Private,. 



IstLient. 
As. Surg. 
Hosp.St. 
As. Surg 
Chaplain 

Private, 



Private, . 
Hosp. St. 
Private, 



Sept. 

June 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Oct. 

May 

Mar. 

Deo. 

May 

Jan. 

June 
Aug. 
Dec. 

Aug. 
Sept. 
Aug. 



Private, 



Sept. 
■ Aug. 



26, 1861. 
15, 1861. 
19, 18til. 
9, 1861. 
26, 1861, 
22, 1861. 
18, 1862. 

8, 1862, 

18, 1863, 
26, 1862 

9, 1864. 
81, 1863. 

1,1861 
15, 1861. 

19, 1863. 

21, 1861. 
28, 1861. 
12, 1861, 

10, 1861. 
11, 1861. 



I. Captared Mar *8, '63, Front Royal. Wonnded In foot Jnne 80, '61, Hts- 
over. Fa. Shot through body June 1, 'M, Aehland, aiid captnred. 

5. Capturwl July 18, '63, Barnett'g Ford. Again captnred Oct. 36, '68, by 
Moiby, and received Ave wounds while eBcaplnc from captor. 

8. Severely Injured by falling of horse, In chaive, Feb. 9, '63, New B«ltl- 
more. Received two grape »hot wonnda May 80, '&, Grierwlch. 

4. Received three sabre cuts March '3S\ '68, Chantllly, and ciptpml. 
Captured again March 3, '64, near Richmond with Col. Dahlgren. Eac*p(4 
n-om priBon, Columbia, S. C, Nov. 36, '64, uiii wa« 80 days In reachhig our 
llncB. 

6. Captured July 18, '68, Orao-:* C. H. Wonnded In right hand ilighUr, 
Oct. 19, '68, Bockland Milli. 

6. Remained voluntarily with Major White, who wai suppoced to be mor- 
tally wonnded, June 1, '64, Aehland, and captnred. 

7. Captnred July C, '63, Monterey Pass, Pa. Released Oct. 7, '63. 

8. Severely Injured by falling of horse, in charge, June 80, '63, Hanover, P». 
». Wounded Hllghtlj and captured June 80, '63, Hancver, Pa. 

10. Captured Juno 39, '64, Reams Mtatlon. Escaped from priaon, ColimiUl, 
3. C, Nov. 4, '64, and was 31 dsys lu reaching our Unci. 

II. Captnred July 8, 'm. Hsgerstown, Md. 

13, Severely wounded Mav 3, 'KS, Wairenton Junction. 

18. Captured June 30, '64. 'Reams Station. Escaped from prison, CnlomUi, 
B. C, Nov. 4th, '64, aud was 81 days lu reaching our lines. 

14. Wonnded in arm March 33, '63, Cliautltly. 






IDS. 

uittr-out, July 19, '65. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



203 



Rank at 






TlMK OF 


TtMM 


o» Bntbt. 


Gmtbt. 






IstLieut. 


Sept. 


26, 1861. 


Private,. 


June 


15, 1861, 


tt 


Sept. 


19, 18til. 


11 


Oct. 


9, 1861. 


i< 


Aug. 


26, 1861. 


i« 


Aug. 


22, 1861. 


t( 


Oct. 


18, 1862. 


iBtLient. 


May 


3, 1862. 


A3. Surg. 


Mar. 


18, 1863. 


Hogp.St. 


Deo. 


26, 1862 


As. Surg. 


May 


9, 1864. 


Chaplain 


Jan. 


81, 1863. 


Private, . 


June 


1,1861 


(C 


Aug. 


15, 1861. 


« 


Dec. 


10, 1863. 


Private, . 


Aug. 


21, 1861. 


losp. 81. 


Sept. 


28, 1861. 


'rivate. . 


Aug. 


12, 1861. 


'rivate, . 


Sept 


10, 1861. 


ii 


Aug. 


11, 1861. 



ed In foot Jone 80, '68, Ha- 
aiid captured. 
In captured Oct. S6, '88, by 
rrom captor. 

;e, Feb. 9, '68, New »«ia- 
Grjerwlch. 

ChautlllT, and captured. 
Col. Bahlgren. Eacaptd 
80 days in reacniDg out 

kded In right band iUghtljr, 

|o was snpposed to be moi- 

keaaed Oct. 7, '68. 

1 June 30, '63, Hanorer, Pi. 

^ancvcr. Pa. 

Bd fi-om priaott, ColumbU, 
lliuca. 

ption. 

I from prison, Colombtti 
r Hneii. 



Offiiert of the Regiment at Time of Muster-ovt, July 19,' 65. 



Namm. 



Rank. 



Kank at 

TiMB OP 

Bntbt. 



TixB or Entbt. 



Patrick Tiffany,... 

Co. D. 

lUnsoni A. Perkins 

.leremiiib J. Callanan,'.. 

Co. B. 

Foster DickinsoD,' 

Miiilhew Strait,' , 

.Vddison S. Thompson,*, 

Co. F. 

William D. Lucas,* 

Merritt N. Chafey, , 

John K. Jeffrey,* , 

Co. O. 

John H. Wright,' , 

William H. Knight,' 

.Abijih Spafford, 

Co. H. 
Eugene B Hayward,*... 

I.ucins F. Renne,'" 

Clark M. Pease, 

Co. I. 
Edmund Blunt, Jr.,"... 

t'hristopber Heron, 

William M. Conklin, 

Co. K. 
Laurence L. O'Connoa,.. 

Thomas O'Keefe, 

Nathaniel M. Talmage,. 

Co. L. 
George C. Morton, 



2U Lieut.,. 

IstLieut.,., 
2d Lieut.,.. 



Captain, ... 
1st Lieut.,.. 
2d Lieut.,., 



Captain, ... 
let Lieut.,.. 
2d Lieut., .. 



Captain, ... 
1st Lieut.,., 
2d Lieut.,.. 



Captain, ... 
Ist Lieut,,., 
2d Lieut.,. 



Captain, ... 
Ist Lieut., 
2d Lieut.,.. 



Captain, .... 
Ist Lieut., 
2d Lieut.,.. 



Captain, , 



Private,. 

Private, . 

it 

Private,. 



2d Lieut, 
Private,. 



Pri/ate,, 



Private,, 



2d Lieut. 
Private,. 

<t 

2d Lieut. 
Private,, 

2d Lieut, 



Aug. 8, 1861. 

Sept. 26, 1861. 
Sept. 28, 1861. 

Aug. 26, 186L 
Aug. 81, 1861. 
Aug. 26, 1861. 

Aug. 30, 1861. 
Sept. 12, 18<U. 
Oct. 6, 1862. 

Aug. 22, 186'1. 
Sept. 1, 1861. 
Cept. 9, 1861. 

Oct. 1, i861. 
Oc... 1, 1861, 
Oct. 1, 1861. 

Sept. 26, 1862. 
Sept. 4, 1861. 
April 8, 1863. 

Oct. 16, 1861. 
Sept. 16, 1861. 
Oct. 9, 1861. 

Sept. 3, 1861. 



1. Sabre cnt In right hand June 80, '68, Hanover, Pa. 
'i. Wounded in left le^ June 1, '84, Ashland. 

3. Sabre cnt ou wrixt Oct. 11, '68, Brandv Station. Gun shot in thlsh 
March 1, 'M, near Kichmund. Wounded slightly In hand Sept. 19, '64, Wm- 
cliwter. 

4. Captured March 3.3, '63, Ch&ntllly. Escaped from guards the 34th. Re- 
citpiiirfn iind nuroled the 35th. 

a. (Aptiircd July 7. '63, near Tllllameport, Md. Released March, 1866. 

t). Wounded slightly Oct. 11, '68, Brandy SUtlon. 

7. Captured June 3t), '68. Hanover, Pa. 

s. Ciiptured Sept. 8, '64, White Post. Escaped ftt)m prison, Colombia, 
S (' , Dec. •*(, 'H4, and was 18 duya in reaching our lines. 

!• Wounded in left arm Aug. 3. '63. Orange C. H., and by a shell slightly 
in the ihlL'h March 1, 'tM, near Richmund. 

10. !<liKluly wounded by enerrillaei In left shoulder May IS, '6S, Tom's Brook. 

11. Wounded la left ear Aug. 3S, '64, Kearneysvllle tation. 




:.s«K«t:.::.:;:.n:,^ 



if»3*'-' 



-.t..,i'..'..i,^:X>«i-.r 



w 






204 



Historic Records. 



Officer* of the Regiment at Time of Muster-out, July 19, '65 



Naxm. 


BiJIK. 


Rank AT 

TlMB OF TllM or EXTRr. 

Edtrt. 


William H. WJiitoomb,' 

Peter MoMullen,' 


let Lieut., «... 
2d Lieut 

Captain, 

lit Lieut., 

2d Lieut 


Private,. 
•« 

Privace, . 
«« 


Oct. 1, 1861. 
Not. 18, 1861. 


Co. M. 
Wilbur P. Oaklev.' 


Oct. 28, 1861. 


Wrr.iaM 0. Peckham,* 

JuBius Travis 


Aug. 31, 1861. 
Sept. 20, 1881, 



1. Captnrrd M>7 6, '63, HiUTiiionbnrK. E»capedbyi>trat«Kein. Again ctptared 
July 6, 'ttS, IlaKcnitoivD, Hd. Wounded Id Deck elightly, Hay 6, '04, Pirker't 
Store. 

St. HIlKbtW wonnded iu left hand, May S, '64, Parkor'o Store. 

8. Wdiimiod in head, Oct. 10, '63, JameaCtty; arain in head Aug. 96, 'M, 
KeariicyHvillo Statiou. 

4. Wounded In breaot, June 1, '64, Ashland. 

Officers who have Commanded the Regiment. 



NAUa 



OthnielDeForest, 
KobertJobnstone 
John Hammond, 
William P. Bacou 
Abram H. Krom, 
Kliiier J. Barker. 
Theo. A. Boice, 
Amos H. White, 



Rank at 

Time of 

Relief 

fh>m 

CoRHnand^ 

Colonel,. 
Lt. Col., 
Colonel, 
Lt- Col., 
Major,... 
Captain, 
Lt. Col, 
Colonel,. 



Rank at 

Time of 

Taking 

Command 



Date of Taking 
Cuu-niaud. 



Date of Rellrf 
from Cummiuid. 



Colonel,. 
Lt. Col., 
Major,... 
Lt. CoL, 
Major,... 
Captain , 
Major,...! Uct. 
Colonel,.' Ueo. 



Oct. 

Sept. 

June 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Oct. 



1, 18U1. 
10, 18«1. 

1, 1868. 
80, 18C4. 
12, 1864. 
19, 1864, 
2\, 1864. 
19, 1804. 



Sept. 

.lune 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Got. 

Oct. 

Deo. 

July 



10, 1862. 
1, 1863. 
80, 1864. 
12, 1864. 
19, 1864. 
21, 1864. 
19, 1864. 
28, 1865. 



Non- Commissioned Staff, July 19, 1865. 



Naxh. 



Rank. 



Rank at 
Tme OF 
Kntbt in 
Rboimknt. 



Tina or KNTBT. 



Dennis O'Flaherty,' 
William C. Page,'... 
Klicbael Dunigaa,'.. 
Cliarles B. Thomas, 
Stephen D. Oreen,*.. 
David F. Woloott,... 
Dennis O'Brien, 



Sergt. Maj., 
Ilosp. St.,.. 
Q.M. Sergt., 
Com'y Sergt 
ChiefBuglr. 
Saddler Sgt. 
Vetr'ySigu. 



Private,... 



July 2, 1861 

Jan. 16, 1868 

Sept. 16, 1861,.. 
Sept. 21, 1861,... 
Aug. 22, 1861,... 
March 10, 1862,. 
Aug. 22, 1862,... 



1. Captured Hanover, Pa., Juno no, '68. Again Oct. S9, ■B8,Thoronghl!«reO«p. 
— 9. Captured Oct. 11, '6.3, Brandy Station.— 3. Ca_ptnred Oct, 10, 'tS, HusmU i 
Ford.— 4. For a lung time Krigudc, aud Uiviaion Bugler. 



■■^«iunj6:'. 



■;^-i:X,»l^^^iiiimA^i^^f^'M>-^^^^'^' -i^^'SaSi**" 




ler-out, July 19, '65 



NX AT 




>( or 


Tun o» EKTur. 


HTBT. 




vate,. 


Oct. 1, 1861. 


<i 


NoY. 18, 1861. 


▼ai«, . 


Oct. 28, 1861. 


<• 


Aug. 31, 1861. 


t< 


Sept. 20, 1861. 


tratapem. Again capfured 


htly, May 6, "W, Parkeri 


pr'a Store. 


tin in head Aug. %,'U, 


\e Regiment. 


raking 


Dnto of Relief 


BUd. 


firom Cumnuuid. 


18U1. 


Sept. 10, 1862. 


18«1. 


June 1, 1863. 


1868. 


Aug. 30, 1864. 


1UU4. 


Sept. 12, 1864. 


1864. 


Out. 19. 1864. 


1864.'Oot. 21, 1864. 


1864. Deo. 10, 18C4. 


1864. July 28, 1865. 


19, 1865. 


Tim OF INTBT. £ fc 3 


a«2 


iiy 2, laei 


A. 


n. 16, 1863 


B. 


pt. 16, 1861,.. 


1). 


pt. 21, 1861,... 


F. 


ig. 22, 1861,... 


G. 


irch 10, 1862,. 


E. 


ig. 22. 1862,... 


L. 



FiFi'H New York Cavalry. 



205 



The folloicing will exhibit the Nion-ComtniMioned Staff in the 
order in which they were appointed from the orffunixatioH 
of the regiment : — 

Sergeants Major, — John Greenback, Reg't, from Co. 
K ; James Seddinger, Ist Battalion, B ; George T. Smith, Ist 
Batt., B; Richard C. Stananought, 2d Batt., G; Warner 
Miller, 3d Batt., I; Alexander Gall, SdBatt., I; Richard C. 
Stananought, Reg't; Alexander Gall, Reg't; Fred M. Saw- 
yer, Reg't, C ; Lewis J. Gorham, Reg't, H. 

Hospital Stewards, — Samuel McBride, Joseph Par- 
melee, Richard Marion, Isaac N. Mead. 

Quarter Master Sergeants, Simpson, Reg't; W. 

F. Haviland, Ist Batt. ; Fred Paul, 2d Batt. ; Alfred K. 
Wil8on, 3d Batt. ; Dewitt H. Dickinson, Reg't; David H. 
Scofield, Reg't, K. 

Commissart Serqeants, — Miles L. Blanchard, 1st 
Batt. ; William Banta, 2d Batt. ; Daniel Hitchcock, 3d Batt. ; 
Merritt N. Chafey, Reg't, F. 

Chief Buglers, — Luke 3. Williams, P ; Conrad Bohrer, 
I ; Julius G. Lamb, I ; Robert Heisser, D ; Louis Erdman, M. 

Saddler Sergeants, — John J. Bush, Ist Batt. ; William 
B. Vincent, 2d Batt., G ; Asahel S. Loliman, 3d Batt., M. 

Veterinary Surgeon, — John Young, B. 

Veterinary Sergeants, — James Jelly, 1st Batt, B. ; 

A. D. Styles, 2d Batt., P.; William G. Edwards, 3d Batt. L 

Whole number on Mutttr Rolli, a* thovm by monthly rttum* of th* 
folloicing dates; 




Datei. 



fiS, ThoronghfBrt' Gup. 
c'd Oct, 10, 'tis, KamwU 1 



October, 1861,. 
Janiiiiry, 1862,. 

April, 1862 

July, 1862 

October, 1862,. 
Jaiumry, 1863,... 
.\pril, 1863, 
July, 1803,.. 



Oomm. 


Enlisted 


Offlcera. 


Men. 


60 


1064 


60 


932 


47 


Oil 


86 


607 


80 


668 


86 


628 


44 


620 


87 


634 



Dates. 



October, 1863,.. 
January, 1864,. 

April, 1864, 

July, 1864,. 

October, 1864,.. 
January, 1866,. 

April, 1866 

July, 19, 1866,.. 



Corom. 
OlBceni. 



Rnllsted 
Men. 



88 
82 
86 
82 
26 
88 
46 
47 



622 
596 
979 
814 
780 
778 
1007 
064 







t-:.'9 



y.\-i^^i v.rrJv^ ;-.-ti^-:S_S:iVr:-.. 







206 



IIisTOBic Records. 



II ! 






Stattsticaf Recorc 


of the 


Reffiment. 


Original number of men 1064, 


Enlisted 


men discharged by 


ReoruitB added 1074, 




reason of ■ 


Original number of offioerB, 


60, 




wounds, 25, 


Whole number of officers,... 


124, 


II 


•« discharged for 


Original officers remaining. 


4, 




Phyeical 


Officers from the Ranks, 


86, 




Dinikbility, .. 295, 


4t 


killed and mortally 




<i 


" discharged at 




wounded, 


6. 




expiration 


l( 


wounded, 


an. 




of term, 802, 


II 


captured, 


19. 


i( 


" discharged by 


11 


died of Disease 


4, 




order of 


II 


dismissed by Court 






President,,.. 2, 




Martial, 


10, 


II 


" transferred to 


II 


discharged by order 






other Com- 




War Department,. 


6. 




mands, 103, 


II 


resigned, 


87, 


« 

II 


" deserted 826, 


II 


discharged at ex- 


*< recnlisted in 




piration of term,.. 


18, 




1864 212, 


Enlisted men killed and 




Number of Battles fought, .. 62, 


moi 


■tally wounded 


75, 


11 


" Skirmishes " .. 119, 


Enlisted mou wounded 


286, 


II 


" Wounds receiT- 


<« 


*' captured 


617. 




ed in action,. 820, 


<t 


'• killed acci- 




Men lost in action and 




dentally, .... 


IB. 


neyer 


beard from 18. 


II 


" died in Rebel 




Men remaining July 19, '66, 694, 




Prisons 


114, 


Original 


Veterans remain- 


« 


" died of Dis- 




ing, .. 


167, 



ease, O0,l0riginal horses remaining,.. 

Former Occupationt of Us Menibers. 

That the regiment might have constituted a very respect- 
able colony in itself, fnlly able to go and possess the laud 
and to establish therein the various trades and occupations 
necessary to progress in all the departments of human thought 
and activity, may be inferred from the following avocations 
which it represented, with the comparative number of men 
belonging to each. Farmers 578, laborers 226, olorks 65, 
boatmen 54, blacksmiths 50, carpenters 88, sailors 88, shoe- 
makers 29, teamsters 28, mechanics 25, painters 16, soldiers 
16, machinists 14, tailors 14, butchers 13, printers 12, 



^m^^^^^^^^^^^^mS^^^i^i^^'- 




Fifth Nhw York Cavalry 



207 



ffi'ment. 

sn discharged by ' 
reason of • 
wounds, 25 

' discharged for 
Physical 
Disability, .. 295, 

' discharged at 
expiration 
of term, 802, 

' discharged by 
order of 
President,,.. 2, 

' transferred to 
other Com- 
mands, 108, 

deserted 825, 

reculisted in 
1864 212, 

Hfittles fought, .. 62, 

Skirmishes " ., ng^ 

Wounds receiv- 
ed in action,. 820, 

n action and 

fd from 18, 

ng July 19, '66, m, 

terans remain. 

167, 

ses remaining,.. 

rubers. 

ted a very respcct- 
d possees the laud 
I and occupation; 

of human thought 
llowing avocations 
9 Dumber of men 
« 226, dorks 65, 
I, sailors 88, shoe- 
intera 16, soldiers 

13, printers 12, 



coopers 11, masons 9, molders 9, millers 9, bakers 9, stu- 
dents 8, lumbermen 7, tinsmiths 6, harness makers 6, stage 
drivers 6, showmen 5, hatters 5, merchants 5, engineers 5, 
hostlers 5, barbers 5, artists 5, stone cutters 5, wagon 
aakcrs 5, ministers 4, lawyers 4, spinners 4, bartenders 4, 
ivhcelwrights -i, mariners '4, book keepers 4, carmen 4, 
cigar makers 4, tobacconists 3, ship carpenters 3, sleigh- 
nmkers 3, sawyers 3, peddlers 3, seamen 3, curriers 3, coach- 
men 3, carriage makers 3, farriers 3, wagoners 3, saddlers 
3, wool carders 3, bricklayers 2, wire-workers 2, bloomers 2, 
vaiters 2, sawmakers 2, sailmakers 2, jewelers 2, upholster- 
ers 2, expressmen 2, grocers 2, shoebinders 2, spinners 2, 
cabirntmakers 2, musicians 2, brushmakers 2, joiners 2, 
teachers 2, riiiners 2, veterinary surgeons 2, firemen 1, en- 
gravers 1, fishermen 1, papermukers 1, wood choppers 1, 
roofers 1, file cutters 1, telegraph operators 1, apothecaries 1, 
clothiers 1, mill hands 1, salesmen 1, burnishers 1, tanners 
1, boiler makers 1, grooms 1, brewers 1, lithographers 1, 
gardeners 1, porters 1, morocco dressers 1, packers 1, jailors 
1, locksmiths 1, grainers 1, dressers 1, confectioners 1, cooks 
1, druggists 1, .doctors 1, travellprs 1, coppersmiths 1, 
colliers 1, iron-masters 1, pailtnakers 1, millwrights 1, book- 
binders 1, drovers 1, cobbler?' l, watchmakers 1, cotton 
makers 1, caulkers 1, manufacturers '', hewers 1, curry- 
comb makers 1, minstrels 1, hotel keepers 1, blockmakcrs 1, 
gilders 1, axemakers 1, making in all 126 different occupa- 
tions. 

State* and Countries represented. 
It is not strange that so many men, representing so many 
and varied walks of life, should have sprung from many 
different states and countries ; nor is it a matter of minor 



'■i^& 









m 



208 



HiSTORio Recohos. 








importance to ascertain what regions have contributed 
thought and muscle for the great work of crushing this 
gigantic rebellion. The men of the Fifth New York GaTairy 
had their birth in the following places : 

New York 797, Pennsylvania 91, New Jersey 39, Massa- 
chusetta 32, Vermont 31, Connecticut 18, Ohio 8, Mary- 
land 4, Michigan 4, Maine 8, New Hampshire 3, Illinois 2, 
South Carolina 2, North Carolina I, Mississippi 1, Pelaware 
1, District Columbia 1, Bocky Mountains 1, Ireland 221, 
Qermany 75, Canada 65, England 62, Scotland 12, Prussia 
12, France 8, Switzerland 3, Poland 2, Wales 2, Spain 2, 
Sweden 2, Australia 1, Italy 1, Belgium 1, Denmark 1, 
Saxony 1, Nova Scotia 1, New Brunswick 1. 

The tallest man ever in the regiment was Jacob H. Ten 
Eyok, Co. M, 6 feet 4 inches ; the shortest, John Catlin, 
Co. A, 4 feet 5 inches. 

Joumeyingt of the Regiment. 
If you take a map of the United States or a good War 
map, and a pencil, I will enable you to trace the contoar of 
the country in which the regiment has fought its battles 
and made ita marches. Place your pencil on the memorable 
field of Gettysburg, Pa., and move due east to Hanover, 
thence southeasterly to the head oi^ Chesapeake bay. Follow 
the bay to the mouth of James river, and up the river to 
Fort Powhatan on south side. From the fort, strike a 
straight line to Jarretts Station on the Weldon and Peters- 
burg rail road, and bearing due west, pass through Christian- 
ville, thence a lijtle north of west to Roanoke Station, where 
the Danville and Bichmond rail road crosses the Staunton 
river. Here you may rest awhile for you are more than 
half way round. Following the rail road northward to Burkes- 



'■■"^mm'tH'-rft ■xm^f^iit^iM^e^i»§0A'- 



s. 

G have contributed 
)rk of crushing this 
h New York Cavalry 

w Jersey 39, Massa- 
18, Ohio 8, Mary, 
ipshire 3, Illinois 2, 
isissippi 1, Delaware 
lins 1, Ireland 221, 
Scotland 12, Prussia 
, Wales 2, Spain 2, 
ium 1, Denmark], 
ski. 

was Jacob H. Ten 
rtest, John Catlio, 

ient. 

ates or a good War 

race the contour of 

fought its battles 
il on the memorable 
5 east to HanoTer, 
peake bay. Follow 
ttd up the river to 

the fort, strike a 
'eldon and Peters- 
through Christian- 
oke Station, where 
Mses the Staunton 
>u are more than 
rthward to Burkes- 



Fiprn Nbw York Cavalry. 



209 



TJlic, we will go west to Appomattox Court House ; strike a 
straight line to Lexington on the James, west of the Blue 
ridge and thence north to Moorefield. Now draw your line 
northeastly through Martinsburg; continue it through 
Hafjerstown, Md. , and back again to Gettysburg. The ter- 
ritory inclosed by this line has been traversed by the regi- 
ment, and some portions of it many times. 

I insert the counties through which the regiment has 
marched, beginning with those we have traversed most fre- 
quently and with which we are best acquainted :— 

Fairfax, Va., Culpepper, Frederick, (in these the regi 
ment spent three successive winters,) Clarke, Jefferson, 
Loudon, Prince William, Fauquier, Madison, Orange, Spott- 
syivania, Shenandoah, Rockingham, Augusta, Warren, Page, 
Stafford, Rappahannock, Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, Ca- 
roline, Hanover, King William, New Kent, Henrico, Charlea 
City, Louisa, Rockbridge, James City, York, Gloucestei, 
Prince George, Dinwiddle, Nottoway, Prince Edward, Ap 
pomattox, Charlotte, Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, Brunswick 
Sussex, and King George ; — Montgomery, Md., Frederick, 
Carroll, and Wash" -;^'tonj — York, Pa., and Adams. 

Escort Duty for Oenerah. 
The regiment was appointed escort for Gen. Pope, August 
27, '62, and served till Sept. 4, '62. It was appointed 
eecort for Gen. Sheridan, Nov. 24, '64, and occupied the 
position till April, '65. 

Oenerah under whom the Regiment has served. 
Gen. N. P. Banks, commanding Army of the Shenandoah 
Gen. John Pope, commanding Army of the Potomac. 
Gen. Heintzelman, commanding Defenses of Washington 



3^.1 




210 



UiSTOBio Records. 



1^ 



Gens. Hooker and Meade, commanding Army of the 
Potomac. 

Gen. P. H. Sheridan, commanding Army of the She- 
nandoah. 

Gens. Stoneman, Pleasanton and Torbert, commanding 
Cavalry Corps. 

Gen. John P. Hatch, commanding Cavalry with Gen, 
Banks. 

Gen. John Buford, commanding Cavalry with Gen. Pope. 

Gen. Stahel, commanding Cavalry Division under Gen. 
Heintzelman. 

Gens. Kilpatriok, John H. Wilson, George A. Custer 
commanding 3d Division, Cavalry Corps. 

Gens. Elon J. Farnsworth (killed July 8, '63, Gettys- 
burg), Henry E. Davies, Jr., J. B. Mcintosh (wounded in 
left leg, amputated, Sept. 19, '64, Winchester), commanding 
Ist Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry Corps. 

The following Colonels, acting Brigadier Generals, have 
also commanded us, Wyndham, De Forest, John Hammond, 
and 0. M. Pennington. 

Burial of our Dead. 

By reference to the table of " Men killed in Action," it 
will be seen that many of our brave comrades were left un- 
buried on the bloody fields were they fell, many of whose 
bones have doubtless bleached in the sun and rain, throngh 
the wilderness and along the river courses of Virginia. But 
fortunately we were permitted to perform the solemn rites 
of burial and pay the last honors to some of them, the 
memory of whose graves will frequently call forth the sym- 
pathetic tear, and stimulate us to the performance of heroic 
deeds. To thee, land of our birth ! and to thee, proud 



!^^^ 411 



■«-Va>-a> v-.fc4<a#A.ftA^Sf»i*»«^«^^5i^M^Sffi^*ift^ 




ding Anny of the 

Army of the She- 

•rbert, commanding 

Cavalry with Gen. 

Iry with Gen. Pope. 

division under Gen. 

'■-">. 
ft 

George A. Custer 

aJy 8, '68, Gettyg. 
[ntosh (wounded in 
ester), commanding 

tier Generals, hare 
t, John Hammond, 



lied in Action," it 

rades were loft un- 

many of whose 

and rain, through 

of Virginia. But 

the solemn rites 

•me of them, the 
ill forth the sym- 

brmance of heroic 
d to thee, proud 



J^iFTH New Yohk Cavalry. 



211 



Flag of the free, we feel unwonted love, since you have 
both been bathed with the pure blood of our nuble dead ! 

Wo have endeavored to indicate the resting places of our 
companions by rude head-boards with their names engraved 
or cut thereon, though often nothing has been left to iden- 
tify the precious remains, except the tree that waved in 
mournful requiem over them, or the rock that stood as their 
eternal safeguard. Around those quick-made graves we 
were often compelled hastily to assemble, and from them, 
perhaps, more hastily to retire, with no funeral note or word, 
but not without a purpose. Occasionally the military salute 
baa been fired, the brief eulogium and prayer been pronuno- 
ed,> and we have left our comrades to slumber, hvJ, not to be 
forgotten. In some instances we have learned, with satis- 
faction, that the enemy had given our dead a decent inter- 
ment, and we are conscious of having often returned tho 
favor. Whenever it has been possible the remains of our 
comrades have been embalmed and sent home to their 
friends, to molder by the side of kindred dust. 



' See Burial of Sergt. Sortore, p. 188. 



im 



S'J^*Sft;iffsr?Sg#> 



iLi,i;it;S^JSe(«^ 




212 



Historic Records. 



Engnge.mentt and their Catualtien. 



I' I 





Placi or ENOAomMT. 



Port Kepubllc 

Coiirad'H Store, l.nmj Valley, 
ItockliiKhiim Kumace, " 

Conrad « Htore 

Ilarrlnouburg 

rohimbia Bridge, Lorajr Vy, 

W(Kid»tock, 

WoodKtock, 

Front Koyal, 

Middletown 

Newtown Croci Roadi, 

Winchester, 

Ilan«'r'« Ferry, 

C'harleiitown, 

Martlnnhnrg, 

Sperryvllle, 

Culpepper C. H., 

Orange C. H., 

Liberty Mllla, 

Rapldnn Statlonj. 

Itarnott'i! Ford, Rapidan,.. 

Orange C. U., 

Cedar Mountain, 

Cedar Mountain, 

Louisa C, H., ^... 

Kelly's Ford, Rappahannock, 

Waterloo Bridge, 

CentrevUle, , 

Groveton, 

Bull Run 

ChantUly 

Antletam, 

Ashby's Gap, 

Leesnurg, 

Uppervitle, 

Tboroughfore Gap, 

Hay Market, 

New Baltimore, 

Cedar Hill 

Hopewell Gapj. 

Thoroaghhre Gap, 

Htddleburg, 

UppervUle, 

Aldle 

Snicker's Gap, 

Berryvllle, 

Aldle,. , 

Cub Ron, , 

Prying Pan, , 

Ctjb Ron , 

Mlddleburg, 

New Baltimore, 

Warren ton, 




Natubi, 



I Jan. 6, n.%. . 

I Jan. 6, "63, . 
Jan. 86, 'fi.3, . 
58 Feb. 9, '8.3, . 
68 IFeb. 10, '63, . 



Battle, .. 
HklrniUh,. 
Battle, . . . 

Skirmish,. 



1 I May 9, '««,., Skirmish,.. 

9 !.M»y 3. "O'J, 

8 May 4, 'M, 

4 May B, '««, 

6 May 6, 'SU, 

n Muy 8, 'Ba, 

T May 14, 'IK, 

R May SI, '««, 

May 28, 'B», 

in May M, BS, 

11 May !M, 'tt«, 

IS M«v!i5, '68, 

18 I.May 28, '62, 

14 May 31. "6% 

15 May 81, '62, 
lA July 6, '62, 

17 July 12, '62, 

18 July 17, m, 

19 July 17, '62, 
90 JulylH, '62, 
81 July 18, '62, 
99 Aug. 9, '69, 
88 Aug. 9, '69, 
94 Aug. 10, '68, 
96 Aug. 17, '68, 

26 Aug. 90, '62, 

27 Aug. 94, '89, 

88 Aug. 88, '62, 

89 Aug. 89, '69, 
m Aug. 80, '68, 
81 H«pt. 1, '68, 
32 Sept. 19, '62, 

83 8ept.39, '68, 

84 Oct. 16, '62, 
SS Oct. 17, '68, 

86 Oct. 18, '68, 

87 Oct. 18, '68, 

88 Nov. 6, '68, 

89 Nov. 6, '68, 

40 Nov. 8, '62, 

41 Nov. 11, '68, 

43 Nov. 18, '62, 
48 Nov. 16, '62, 

44 Nov. 29, '62, 
46 Nov. 80, '62, 

46 Nov. 30, '62, 

47 Dec. 18, '62, 

48 Dec. 81, '89, 



Comm. I'SnTIttl 
Ofllcem.l Mea. 

nihil 

g 5,g.ii= s a. 



Skirmish,. 
BatUe, . . . 



HUrmlah,. 



L 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



218 



laltiei. 



Engaijementt and their Ca»ualtie», Rontinued. 



Comm. 
Ofllcent. 



i 



II Mm. 



rml«h,..'. 



tie. .. 
ruilsh,. 

tie, . . . 

rmtsb,, 



Plaoi or Knoaoimikt. 



No. 



Oati. 



NATcmi. 




Spotted Tavern, 

Alillc 

chaiilllly 

W'lilu mln« 

Warrentun JunctlOD, 

i Irci'n wlch, 

Middlflmrc, 

Ilmiover, Pn 

Iluiiti'ri'town, P«., 

(Mlynbuiv, Pft.^. 

Monterey I'bsh, P»., 

!*inlthhurg, Md., 

IIat,t!ri>towD, Md 

BoonKboro', Md., 

UaKemtowD, Md., , 

A»Bbv'« G»p, 

Pnrt ronway, 

Culpepper C. H., 

Soniervllle Ford, Robertson,. 

Broukin'8 Ford, Rapldan, 

Ilszel Klver Bridge, 

CtlghrevUle 

RiiMell's Ford, Robertson,. . . 

J«me»01ty, 

Hiwrryvllle Pike, 

Bnndy Station, 

Oruveton, 

Oroveton, 

liniveton, 

(lalnesvllle, 

Bufkland Mill 

Stcvcimburg, 

Oermaula Ford, Rapldan, .... 

Raccoon Ford, Rapldan, 

KuccooQ Ford, 

EIt's Pord, Rapldan 

Ellis' Ford, Rappahannock, . . 

Ilsrapton's Cross Roads, 

Ui'fiimes of Richmond, 

llHuover Town, 

Ajrletts 

Stephftnsvllle, 

Field'it Ford, Rappahannock, 

Suuthard'e Cross Roads 

I'apker's Store, 

Wilderness 

fiermnnla kofd, 

MsBoaponax Chorch, 

Ny River, 

Pii River 

Po River .'." 

Msttapony River 

Milford SuiUon, 

18 



*»'»=i(*.'5s*«attffis 



M Feb. 
SB {March 
S6 I March 



SB 
90 
91 
9S 
98 
94 
flfi 
06 
97 
06 
99 
100 
101 

loa 

103 
KM 

ine 

lOU 



April 

May 

May 

June 

Jane 

Jnly 

July 

July 

Jnly 

Jnly 

Jnly 

Jnly 

Jnly 

Sept. 

8ept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Nov, 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Not. 



10, '08, 

4, '««, 
8»,'(B, 
98, 'fiS, 

8,'tBJ, 
80. 'BS, 

10, '(«, 
80, 'BS, 

5, 'B8, 
8,'Ba, 
4, '«8, 
B, -BB, 
«,'68, 
8, 'B8, 

11, "BS, 
M, '88, 

4, '88, 
18, '68, 
14, '68, 
M, '68, 
». '68, 

8, '68, 
10, '68, 
10, '88, 
11, '68, 
11, '8.S,, 
IB, '6«,i 
IT. '63, 
18, '88, 
18, '68, 
19, '68, 

8, '63, 
18, 'fl.3, 
88, '0.3, 
*I, '83, 



Skirmish,. 



Battle, 



Skirmisb, 
Battio,... 



Skirmish,. 

ti 
Battle,... 

Skirmish,'. 



Jan. 19, 
Jan. as, 
Feb. 6, 
March 1, 
March 3, 
March 3, 
March a, 
March 4, 
March 11, 
May 6. 



Battle. . . . 
Skirmish,. 
Mattle, . . . 
Skirmish,. 



Battle, . . . 
Skirmish,. 

Battle, . . . 
Skirmish,. 



BatUe, . . . 
Skirmish,. 



May 
May 



May 15, 

May 16, 

IMay 17, 

May 18, 

jMay 81, 

IMay 21, 



'64, 
•61, 
'84, 
'64, 
'64, 
'64, 
Bl, 
'(W, 
64 

'64! Battle, ... 
'M, " ... 
'&t,ISkirmlsh,. 
61, 
'B», 
•61, 
'M, 
'«■!, 
'tM, 



Battle, . 



Comm. SulUt'd 
Officers. Men. 



» 

1 



189 



is 



18 
1 
8 

a 

M 



14 



18 



1 



II 

PS 

i 

m 
1 

m 

i 

I 



tt-i 



1 ii 



n 



'smmmmmmm^^m^m^^'^^s^'^- 




814 



Historic Records. 



EngagemenU and thr.ir £!atuaUie$, oontinoed. 



Plaoi or RNOAosKairr. 



Mt.Otnnol Church,. 



Morlli Anna Hirer,. 

Mttic Klvor 

HlKnnl Hill 

IlMUovrrC H 

A'lilaml HUtloa, 

Palcni I'hurch 

iiothcU'lmrch, 

Hiiuly drove 

White Oak Hwamm,. .. 
White llimae Ijindloff,.. 

Blacka and White* 

Nottoway C. It 

Koani>k« Station, 

Htony ( 'reek Htatlon,. . . . 

Kt^ama Htatlon 

Rowanty Oeek, 

Htony Cruek 

Maryland Hcl(;htf 

Maryland Ilclghta, 

ItiH-KvlUe 

Toll Gate. 

I'oolpavllie, 

Siilckor'n Ferry, 

Kernntown 

WlncheBter, 

Opo|uan Creek, 

Biiiiuiilt Point, 

Charlentown 

DntHold Htatlon. .. 

Ki-nrni'yavllle S'iatlon, , 

Perry ville, 

BerryvlUe, 

Oimqaan Creek, 

Opeqiian Oreek, 

0|M'<|uan Creek, 

Obeqnan Creek, 

WlnihcKter, 

Crooked Uun, 

Fnint K<>val 

/ "^ury Ciiurch, 

Aili^ra, Luro" Valley,. 

I'.t. dorldlan, 

\Vft /Ueaboro', 

H-idce water 

'trock'B Oap, 

yoreatvlUe,. 

Tom'a Brook, 

Cedar Creek, 

L<!lianon Church, 

Cedar Creek, 

Cedar Creek, 

Ut, Jackaon, 



No. 




Natcbi. 



Comm 



107 
ION 
ion 
110 
111 
IW 
11? 
114 
115 
116 
117 
IIH 
111) 
110 
181 
IJM 
1!M 
134 
ISA 
11N> 
187 
18H 
180 

lau 

181 
188 
188 
l»t 
18S 
186 
187 
13H 
188 
14fJ 
141 
148 
143 
144 
146 
146 
147 
148 
140 

lao 
isi 

1S8 
1A8 
IM 
IIU. 
1S6 
1S7 
158 

lao 



Hay 
May 

May 
May 

Jane 

June 

lane 

June 

June 

Jane 

June 

luue 

Jane 

(nno 

June 

Jane 

June 

Juiiu 

July 

July 

July 

July 

July 

July 

July 

Auu. 

Aug. 

Auk. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept, 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

iOct. 

INov. 

Nov. 



*S,'H4, 

M, '64, 

86, '64, 

81, '64, 

1. '64, 

1. '64, 

«,'64, 

10, '61, 

11, '61, 

16, '64, 
10, '64, 
88, '64, 

88, '64, 
85, 'M, 
3H.'64, 

89, ••», 

80, "64, 
88, "64, 

6, 'tM. 

7, M, 
10, '64, 
ia.'64. 
15, 'O^- 
18, 'M. 
!M, 'M,. 

17, •"•■ 
10, '64, 

81, 'M.. 
88, '64, 
88, '64,- 
85, 'M,. 

i '64,. 
4, "Bl- 
7 'M.- 

15, '64.. 
17 'M,- 
10, '«*<■ 
80, '64.- 
31, '64,- 
81, '64. ■ 
83, '64,. 

87, '«.■ 

88^ 'W. • 

8^'64,- 

«^ Si'' 

7, '64,. 

9. '64,. 
18, '64,. 
14, 'M.- 
10. '*»,, 
IS, '64, 
88, "tM, 



Battle.. . . . 
Bklrnilah,. 




Battle, . . . 
SklrmUh,. 



Battle,... 
Sklrmlah,. 



Battle, . 



Bklrmlsh,. 
Battle, ... 
Sklrmlah,. 



Battle, . . . 

Sklrmlah,. 

Battle,... 
Sklrmlah,. 

Battle, . . . 
Hkirmlih,. 



Battle, .... 
Sklrmlah,.. 



'Batllti. 

Skirmish,. 

Battle 

H'-.irmlah,., 



Battle. .... 
Sklrmiah,., 

Battle,. ..' 
Sklrmlah,.. 



1 

1811 
t 

I I 

8)4 



.. t 
I I 
. t 
S« 

« 



,. 1 
*\ 1 








t Ik 



1 '<. 



216 



Historic Records. 



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CHAPTER Xin. 



it 



'.' t 




i: ' 




Mementos to Officers, — Col. 0. DeForest. — Col. Jolin Ilammond. 
— Surgeon Lucius P. Woods. — Major A. II. Krom. — Major E. 
J. Darker Capt. L. L. O'Connor. 

No pains have been spared by the author to secure doca- 
nients in which honorable mention had been made of officera 
and privates for meritorious conduct in battles, but with 
only partial success. Such as have been obtained are 
inserted, though many names ought to have been added to 
this list, Tfhose deeds were glorious, and would embellish 
the pages of any history. 

CoLONKL 0. Deforest. 

We have been furnished with an interesting account of 
the presention of a horse to Col. DeForest, clipped from a 
New York daily, which we are pleased to give in this place. 
It is as follows : 

" The friends of Col. DeForest met yesterday (October, 
1861), in front of his dwelling. No. 97 East Forty-ninth 
street, and presented him with a very acceptable token of 
thei' appreciation of him as an officer, and also of hia 
unequaled efforts in raising the brigade to which he is 
attached. The present was a splendid light dappled gray 
stallion, well known as the < General Jackson ' of Cherry 
Valley. He is seven years old^ a noble animal, and was 



■-^^^ ^mi^>- rM^M^ 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



225 



Col. John Hammond. 
H. Krom — Major E. 

hor to secure docu- 
een made of officers 
battles, but with 
been obtained are 
ave been added to 
d would embelliHh 



resting aoconnt of 
St, clipped from s 
give in this place. 

isterday (October, 
East Forty-ninth 
Beptable token of 
and also of his 
9 to which he is 
ight dappled gray 
skson ' of Cherry 
animal, and was 



purchased specially for his new owner. About 1.500 men 
of the brigade almost entirely from the country, fully 
uniformed, and preceded by their own splendid band of twenty- 
eight pieces, wore drawn up in front of the block in which 
Col. DeForest resides, the intended present held by a groom, 
being immediately in front. The Hon. D. B. Taylor then 
stepped out upon the front steps of the building and form- 
ally presented to the colonel, who was standing by his side, 
the donation, accompanied by the following remarks : 

" Colonel De Forest: The kind partiality of your immediate 
friends and neighbors have imposed upon me the pleasing 
duty of presenting to you in their name something which 
shall be calculated to keep their memories ripe with you in 
the midst of the excitements and dangers to which you 
have so gallantly dedicated your immediate future. * * 

" These men, you will in a few short days lead into a battle 
field such as the good people of this heretofore favored land 
would give all but their country's life to avoid. But the 
sad fiat has gone forth; it is a struggle between our 
country's existence, with all the bright hopes of returning 
happiness, and its death with the surest certainty of ever- 
lasting woe and ruin. Terrible is the issue, but we must 
contemplate it solely with the stern eye of philosophy, and 
that, too, quickly. Our independence was achieved by 
precious blood and countless treasure, and by the same con- 
sideration can it now only be preserved. It seems that the 
tree of Liberty must be nourished by the blood of its sub- 
jects ; to this conclusion, however sad, must every honest 
conviction turn. You, sir, will soon lead your column to 
its position in the long line of battle, and to bear yoa 
proudly on, we, whoso every pulse beats high with hopes 

ID 



fi^*iJiK^ 



*^Mmi#,^0^ii»iiimm!^mis^^&ik'''itMum^ss»f' 




r 



226 



lllSTOBIC RkCOUDS. 



mm 




iV 



for your success, place you upon the back of this Jield horn 
and pru; that the God of Battles may hold the rein, until 
victory shall bo proclaimed throughout our whole country. 
Should ProTidonoo, in it« inscrutable wisdom, cause you to 
perish in the great conflict before you, we feel a holy assur- 
ance that you will fall with your face to the heavens, and 
your feet to the foe. Oo on, then : adieu ! but the living 
God grant that your mission may be fulSlled, and your 
glorious and happy return give us cause for a day joyout, 
far more joyous than this ; let this be the day of hope, that 
the fulfillment. 

" Col. DeForest then mounted the horse as theband struck 
up an appropriate air, and when the music ceased, evidently 
with a good deal of emotion, very happily returned his 
thanks for the nianifestation toward him, and fully pledged 
himself that if the God of Battles spared his life he would 
faithfully fulfill the wishes of his friends. 

" After the cheering had ceased, a call was made for Sen. 
Ira Harris of Albany, after whom the Guard take their 
name. He soon appeared upon the balcony, and, being 
presented by Mr. Taylor, addressed the ofiicers and soldiers 
for a few moments with much feeling, telling them that 
although he was too far advanced in life to join them as a 
soldier, he felt great satisfaction in being able to send hia 
name. He doubted not it would be seen where rebellion was 
strongest and treason most defiant, and he was perfectly will- 
ing to trust it in the keeping of such officers and such men." 

(Copy.) Washimgtoh, Omi. W, J884. B. M. Stamtok, Secrttary qf War. 
Dear 81r— Col. O. DeForent served under me tn the Shenanaoah Valley In 180), 
for nearly a year. Ho waa Uien colonel of 6th New York Cavalry, and pot- 
formed hla duty willingly, ftilly, and with great energy. HU re^ment win 
the beet under my command. Aa an officer, then and there, be showed mnch 
ability, and I do not heBltate to recommend him to the favor of the Dep't. 

(Signed) N. P. Banks, M. O. V. 



,.-i- .-. . ■i/,»4f«*s*tt!«#^«w?',f^'«^f^S^^ 



■,*■ 



RD8. 

h&cV o{ thhjield hom 
ly hold the rein, until 
mt our whole country, 
J wisdom, cause you to 
, we feel a holy assur. 
B to the heaTons, and 
adieu I but the living 
« fulfilled, and your 
use for a day joyoui, 
the day of hope, that 

vrscas the band struck 
usio ceased, evidently 
happily returned his 
11, and fully pledged 
ired his life he would 
ds. 

Jl was made for Sen. 
le Guard take their 
balcony, and, being 
officers and soldiers 
, telling them that 
ft to join them as a 
ng able to send his 
where rebellion was 
e was perfectly will- 
cers and such men." 

"TON, Stcrttary qf War. 
lenanaoMh Valley In 18(9, 

York Cavalry, and per- 
fxy- HIg regiment was 

there, he ahowed much 

• fevorofthe Dep't. 

• P. Banks, M. Q. V. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



227 



Col. John Hammond. 
The application of Col. Hammond for muster out was 
{endorsed as follows: 

HiAD QuABTBBS, TLifd Cavalry Division, \ 
Auguit 80M, 18(54. > 
[Rcnpeotfully forwarded, approved]. 
Cul. Hammond is a most valuable and worthy officer and 
I has nerved with great credit to himself and benefit to the 
hervice — but the regiment would be left in the hands of a 
<.'i)o<l officer ' should he bo mustered out, while the reasons 
urged by Col. Hammond for his leaving service are of so 
<:nive a character as to deserve the serious consideration of 
I the major general commanding the department. 

J. H. Wilson, Brig. Gen'l. 

Head QuAETKBg, Cavalry Forces, 

Middle Military Division, 

Cliarlestown, Va., Aug. 80(A, 1864. 

I am constrained to approve this application under the 

circumstances ; but I am pleased to mention from personal 

observation that he is one of the most accomplished officers 

I have known in service, and the country can ill afford to 

lose the services of such an officer at this time. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. T. A. TORBERT, 

Brig. Gen. Vols. Com'd'g Cav'y. 

A few days after Col. Hammond took leave of his com- 

luand, he reoeived the following letter : 

H«AD QuABT«a», Third Cavalry Division, \ 
Near Berryville, Aug. ZUt, 1864. / 

My Dear Colonel: I am sorry you todk your final fare- 
well from the division without letting me see you again ; I 
cannot, however, allow your absence to prevent my sending 

' U. Col. Wm. P. Bacon « 



■•I 
1:1 



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228 



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^ 







after you my Rinoere regrets at loeing you, and ray bestl 
wishes for your prosperity and happiness. 
. It ifl no flattery to say, your loss cannot be repaired k\ 
this oonmiand except by yoar return to it, and I must earn- 
C8t)y hope for its sake and the cau»e, that circumstances may I 
so shape themselves as to allow you speedily to rejuin lu 
with increased rank and authority. 

There may be something personal in it, but your absence I 
gives uio special pain. Our cause, the country's, needs not 
only the support of stout arms and br^ivo hearts, but that of 
every pure and moral nature in the land. When ooe such 
OS yourself leaves the service, there is, therefore, a double 
loss, with more than the ordinary diffi' 'Hies to overcome in 
repairing it. There are plenty of m o wish to advance 

themselves, but few that are worthy j places to whlcii 

they aspire. 

In writing you this letter permit me to assure you the 
sentiments I express are shared by Qen. Sheridan aswdlu 
by every member of my staflF. 

With sentiments of the highest regard, I am, Colonel, 
Very Truly Your Friend, 

J. H. Wilson, 
* Brig. Gen'l. 

Shortly after his departure from the regiment, the fol- 
lowing letter appeared in the Essex County (N. Y.) Rt- 
vublican. Its contents wore approved by those who had 
been the colonel's military oompitnions. 

It is seldom we are called upon to chronicle as painful 
an event as that which separated Col. John Hammond iVom 
the Fifth New York Cavalry. / fler so long a term of 
service with him, we had learned not only to respect, but to 



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•KDS. 

«ing you, and ray best I 

inesa. 

i cannot bo repaired in 
1 to it, and I must earn. 
that circumstances niaj 
I speedily to rejoin u 

in it, but your absence | 
bo country's, needs not I 
ravo hearts, but that of | 
land. When one such 
is, therefore, a double j 
V 'Hies to overcome la 
wish to advance 
- places to which 

me to assure you the 
en. Sheridan asvdias 

ard, I am, Colonel, 

Friend, 

H. Wilson, 

Brig. Gen'l. 
the regiment, the fol- 

Count^ (N. Y.) Re- 
d by those who had 

chronicle as painful 
Tohn Hammond from 

so long a term of 
ily to respect, but to 



Fifth Nrw York Cavalry. 



220 



>vt' hill), while we admired the great virtues which so hap- 
>,lj blond in him. It is no wonder that there wa.<t not a 

liiryeyo among the officers who shook his hand In furuwell 
letiug yesterday, nor difficult to account for the emotion 

\ii\\iA\ choiced his utterance wheu he undertook to address 
1- a i'uw parting words. 

It is not often we comment upon the private or publio 

wrtuos of liviii!/ men, but in this case our justification lies 

11 iluro^ating from our general rule. 

The early call of our country for patriot soldiers, found 

I iwhcre a heartier response than in the heart of John 

I llumuioud, of Grown Point, Essex Co., N. Y. Gathering 
iicelher the young men of his neighborhood, a < lupany 
hI as effective men as ever drew a sabre was formed, known 

I a company H, Fifth New York Cavalry, and John Ham- 
mund was chosen its captain and leader. To his men the 
captain devoted his attention and means. Mutual confidence 

j and respect increased with discipline in camp and service 
in the field. It was soon discovered that Capt. Hammond 
was no ordinary military leader. Gradually he rose from 
one post of trust to another. While a major he had com> 

I mand of the regiment more than a year. At the earliest 
vacancy he was commissioned lieutenant colonel, and soon 
thereafter colonel, and no man ever bore the spread eagle 
more worthily. Had not his term of service expired at a 
time when the call of his family was nearly imperative, we 
'•ubt not lie would soon have borne the star. The com- 
iiiendaiions he has received from both division and brigade 
wuianders, are known to its all, and are such as any man 
might be proud of. His fame is unsullied and extensive, 
liii record fuir and imperishable. 






m 



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230 



Historic Records. 



Few men combine in thcmgelves so many qualifications 
of the true man 8"d soldier. His patriotism was not h 
mere matter of name, aa the sacrifices he ma(^e for his coun- 
try fully attest. All who came in contact with him felt 
that this was the ruling motive of all his action. As a 
disciplinarian he was str>t without being severe, and thor- 
ough. In preparation for, and during, a battle, none could 
excel him. 

His plans were quickly made and well executed. 
His selection of positions, and disposition of forces always 
exMbited great sagacity and military genius. He held 
his men in perfect control. His clear voice went like 
magic through the ranka, while his manly form, always in 
the thickest of the fight, elicited the warmest enthusiasm. 
His equanimity of mind was never overcome by his celeriij 
of motion, but seemed to be equal. Rarely is so great pru- 
dence found with so undaunted courage, fie had an 
indomitable will that would not brook defeat. The word 
impoi»ibU> he never knew, when diflicu'^'os came between 
him and duty. He was ambitious, yet humble. 

Added to all these mental qualifications vras that perfect 
phi/sique, which made John Hammond the model soldier. 
As an equestrian we have never soeu his superior. His 
pc«ver of endurance also vas very great. For three long 
years of active service he has stood with the regiment mid 
storm and sun, mid fatigue and danger. He was no wan- 
derer from his men, nor lover of ease at the expense of 
duty. For this the men honored him; and they loved him 
because in all his promotions he never forgot their waata, 
nor stood aloof from them. He was always the affable yet 
dignified John Hammond they had known in days past, 



m 



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DS. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



281 



so many qualifications 
patriotism was not a 
he ma(?9 for his coun- 
contact with him felt 
all his action. As a 
eing severe, and thor- 
;, a battle, none cuuld 

and well executed. 
tion of forces always 
iry genius. He held 
3lear voice went like 
manly form, always in 
I warmest enthusiasm, 
ercome by his celeriij 
larely is so great pru- 
turage. fie had an 
)k defeat. The word 
icu'^'os came between 
t humble. 

tions was that perfect 
id the model soldier. 
iu his superior. His 
eat. For three long 
ith the regiment mid 
;er. He was no wan- 
ISC at the expense of 

and they loved him 
er forgot their wants, 

ways the afifablfl yet 
knowu in days past. 



We hope the men of his late command w'll never forget his 
last words to them: — " God bless yoa." 

Long live Col. John Hammond, and long be remembered 
among us his military and social virtues. 

Surgeon Lucius P. Woods. 

Hba" Qcahtbbs Fifth New York Cavalry, "» 
Winchester, V»., July 10th, 1865. / 

Intelligence having been received of the death of Dr. 
I.ueius P. Woods, late surgeon of this regiment, a meet- 
in;; was this day convened, and a committee, consisting of 
Mjjor H. A. D. Merritt, Chaplain L. N. Boudrye and Capt. 
L. C. Abbott was appointed to prepare fitting resolutions 
eipressive of our sorrow. The following were submitted 
and approved. 

Resolved, That we, the officers of the Fifth Regiment of 
Cavalry, New York State Volunteers, have heard with most 
profound sorrow, of the death of our late surgeon, Dr. 
Lucius P. Woods, at Wiiosted, Conn., May 30th, 1865, 
and desire to convey to his bereaved wife and fiiends our 
sympathy, and to express our sentiments of esteem and 
respect for the memory of our late comrade and friend. 
Appointed to this regiment, December 24th, 1861, he 
shared with us, during three years' active service, its vicis- 
situdes, dangers and privations. Devoted to the duties of 
his vocation, he added to rare profb^sional skill the most 
untiring industry. Insensible to fea;*, indefatigable to 
alleviate suffering, he was ever to be found where the battle 
raged most fiercely, ministering to the wounded, shunning 
not the post of danger, if it were but the post of duty. 

Conscious of declining health, and viewing with calmness 
and resignation the rapidly approaching termination of his 



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282 



Historic Records. 



W '> 






life, De persevered, until strength failed him, in the dis 
charge of his responsible and arduous duties. F-lua'iiy, 
enfeebled and dying, he returned to the peaceful scenes of 
home, and to the loved home circle, to meet the final change 
Happily his earnest patriotis'u was rewarded with a know- 
ledge of the triumph of the cause to which he gave his lite 

Retolved, That in the several positions of surgeon of the | 
Fifth New York Cavalry, surgeon-in-chief of the First brig- 
ade. Third oavalry division, surgeon-in-ohief of the Third 
cavalry division and medical director of the Cavalry corpe, 
Army of the Shenandoah, Dr. Woods earned the commen- 
dation, respect and affection of all who knew him, A-om the 
soldier in the ranks to the major general commanding. 

Resolved, That as a friend we found in him every qoalitj 
that could endear him to us a..! embalm his memory in our 
minds. To the refinement of the gentleman he added 
social and Christiac virtues rarely equaled, and while ha 
loss will bo deplored by all, to ourselves, peculiarly his 
friends, it is irreparable. We will cherish his memory and 
strive to imitate his example. 

ReMolved, That a copy of these resolutions, signed by the 
officers of the regiment, be transmitted to Mrs. L. P. 
Woods, to whom we tender our sincere condolence. Ma; 
"He who tempereth the wind to the shorn lamb," comfort 
and sustain her ; and may the blessed thought that he has 
given his life for his country mitigate the aoguish of her 
bereavement. „-.^;i;i,i, .U-',- ..\;„ ;, •,,,i.^*-^f .■-,t,. 

Interesting extraota from Dr. Woods' letters from the 
army, are here inserted. 

" Haetwood Chdboh, Va., *Sep<. bth, 1868." 

*' I returned yesterday after a three days expedition after 



,-.-*' 



»^— «|- 



'■&y'v,::S3i;v- 



I«d him, in the dis. 

IU8 duties. Fliiailj, 

le peaceful srenes of 
leet the final change. 
varded with a know- 
lich he gave his life 
ns of surgeon of the 
ief of the First brig- 
Q-chief of the Third 
f the Cavalry corps, 
earned the oommen- 
} knew him, fVom the 
d commanding, 
in him every quality 
n his memory in our 
;entleman he added 
taled, and while hi« 
lives, peculiarly hi« 
ish his memory and 

tions, signed by the 
ted to Mrs. L. P. 

condolence. May 
orn Iamb," comfort 

lought that he has 
the anguish of her 

letters from the 



?ep<. 5th, 1868." 
lys <.xpedition afWr 




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/ 



t r^y/'^.. 



HI 



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the 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



285 



gun-boats ! * We all laughed at the order, Bending cavalry 
after such craft, but I am happy to say, that the object of 
the expedition was accomplished. We left camp at two 
o'clock A. M., marched all dy and all night, till three 
o'clock next morning, when we made a furious charge upon 
Rebel infantry. They ran so fast as to disarrange the gen- 
eral's plan of attack. The morning was so dark we could 
not see one rod in advance. We captured twelve or four- 
teen prisoners, and Gen. Kilpatrick gave orders in their 
hearing to have the whole command fall back, stating that 
the gun-boats would be alarmed and the expedition be a 
failure. The general took particular pains to allow half 
the prisontirs to escape and get across the Rappahannock. 
After falling back two miles, we wero counter-marched 
toward the river, near which we were formed in line of 
battle. We sat there on our horses waiting for daylight. 
Then the flying artillery of ten guns, supported by the old 
Fifth New York and First Michigan, dashed at a full run 
down to the river bank, wheeled into position and gave the 
Rebels a small cargo of hissing cast iron, which waked them 
up racie effectually than their ordinary morning call. They 
soon came to their senses, and for half an hour sent over to 
us what I should think to be, by the noise they made, tea- 
kettles, cooking stoves, large cast iron hats, &o. But our 
smaller and more active guns soon silenced theirs and drove 
their gunners away, when we turned our attention to the 
boring of holes in their boats with conical pieces of iron, 
vulgarly called solid shot. I assure you I can recommend 
them as first class augers, for they sank the boats in time 



• See page 74. 



r-'^m? 



15 



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-MMiimimmmm»^ 



286 



Historic Records. 




for all hands to sit down to breakfast at half past nine 
o'clock. The repast consisted of muddy water, rusty ult 
pork and half a hard cracker, termed by us ' an iron clad 
breakfast.' We were absent from camp three days and had 
only nine hours' sleep." 

" August 29th, 1864." 

" I was quite astonished yesterday at receiving a paper, 
signed by nearly all the officers of the regiment and approved 
by Gen. Mcintosh, offering me the colonelcy of the regi- 
ment. I am now surgeon-in-ohief of the division." 

" February 12th, 1865." 

" To Colonel Hammond : My official business is done by 
a clerk and I simply sign my name. The reason : a terrible 
cough, drenching night sweats, swollen feet and limbs and 
diarrhoea. Are not these sufficient to palsy the brain and 
band? Often have I tried with my will to arouse wj 
system to action and my mind to its duty, but as I crawled 
to bed I almost cursed the sluggish brain that balked my 
efforts." 

We gladly insert the following tribute to Dr. Woods, in 
a letter from Col. Hammond to Dr. H. M. Knight, of Lake- 
ville. Conn. 

" It will be impossible for me to think of writing any- 
thing that would do justice to the memory of one I loved so 
much. I could but poorly give yon an idea of the many 
trials and hardships as well as incidents of a pleasing 
character, through which myself and dear friend have 
passed together. 

"His frankness and determination won him a host of 
friends wherever ho went. He was ever quick to appre- 
ciate worth and kindness, and ever as ready to resent a 




' •■M'i^. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



287 



; at half past nine 

water, rusty gait 

r ufl ' an iron clad 

three days and had 

nut 29/A, 1864." 
receiving a paper, 
meat and approved 
neloy of the regi- 
diviflion." 
try 12th, 1865." 
usiness is done by 
reason: a terrible 
3et and limbs and 
ilsy the brain and 
rill to arouse n;y 
, but as I crawled 
1 that balked my 

to Dr. Woods, in 
Knight, ofLake- 

: of writing any- 
of one I loved so 
idea of the many 
ts of a pleasing 
ear friend have 

I him a host of 
quick to appre- 
ady to resent a 



m * * * * * 



wrong or injury. ^^ "^ » f f » j ^[\\ dose by saying that 
Dr. Woods was ever in my mind the most perfect type of a 
man I ever met." 

Dr. Woods graduated at the medical college of Pittsfield, 
Mass., in November, 1855. 

Captain (afterward Major) A. H. Keom. 

From the Oweyo Timei of May, 1864, we clip the follow- 
ing memorial : 

Hbad Quabtibs Fifth New York Cavalry, l 
Fairfax Court House, Va., Map 19tA, 1868. / 

This has been a high day for the officers and men of 
company G ; and well might it be so, for the boys were 
about to consummate a noble enterprise, and true merit was 
about to be rewarded. We may as well tell the story plain- 
ly. Capt. Krom had distinguished himself as a man and 
soldier in camp and in battle. On the 8d instant, during a 
severe engagement with Maj. Mosby's Rebel band, at War- 
renton Junction, Va., Capt. K. narrowly escaped with his 
life, bearing away two fearful wounds, one in his left leg, 
the other in the face. His horse was killed under him; 
but he had used his sabre with terrible effect upon the 
enemy, as only the man with a brave heart and strong arm 
can do. From that time he has been a cheerful sufferer in 
our hospital. He will doubtless recover, as is the strong 
desire of all his companions in arms. His absence from the 
company did not obliterate his memory from the boys. 
They have been busy raising funds among themselves, 
every man in the company contributing freely, and to-day 
we see the result — a beautiful $ash, sword and belt for the 
captain. At six o'clock p. M. the ceremony of presentation 



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jj; 



288 



Historic Rkcokds. 



W 




.1 I 



took place. The company were all prrsont, drawn up in 
line before the captain, who had been brought to his camp 
quarters on a stretcher, and seated in a large arm chair 8e- 
cured for the occasion. Many officers of the regiment nrere 
present, while ladies assisted in making the company coui- 
pK'te. The sword was presented by Lieut. Krohn, company 
G, who read the following address : 

" Etteemed Commander: The men who have the plea.«iure 
and honor of being under your command ; men who have 
learned to respect you for your uniformly kind and generoos 
conduct toward them, who have learned to love you as only 
soldiers can love their benefactor in the midst of danger 
and trial ; men who now admire you for your tried courage 
and undaunted bravery in battle ; these men have gathered 
around you to-day to express their deep gratitude to the 
kind Providence that has preserved your life to this hour, 
and to present to you a token expressive of their high ap- 
preciation of your military genius and valor. And what 
better could we give to one who has distinguished himself 
with the sabre in so many engagements, and especially on 
the 8d instant, at Warrenton Junction, Va., where you 
valiantly fought, and gUriously fell, bleeding from the 
wounds that remove you, only temporarily, we trust, from 
our mdist? 

What better could we present to such a hero than 
this sword ? 

" Captain, take this : I present it on behalf of these men, 
who desire never to have a better commander ; who pray 
God to restore you speedily to strength and to command 
again, that, with you, they may march on to conquest and 
to victory, and, if need be, to death, scattering the enemies 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



289 



rriiont, drawn up m 
brought to his camp 
large arm chair se- 
f the regiiuont -rere 
J the company corn- 
it. Krohn, company 

have the pleasure 
ad; men who have 

kind and generoua 
to love you as only 
le midst of danger 
rour tried courage 
tnen have gathered 
) gratitude to the 
r life to this hour, 

of their high ap- 
ealor. And what 
nguished himself 

and especially on 

Va., wheire you 
eeding from the 
Ij, we trust, from 

ich a hero than 

alf of these men, 
nder ; who pray 
md to command 
to conquest and 
ring the enemies 



of our beloved country, and bearing aloft the ' Stare and 
Stripes' in proud triumph." 

The captain not being able to respond on account of his 
wounds, the chaplain of the regiment, who stood by, spoke 
as follows : 

" In behalf and by request of the captain, I wish to make 
a few remarks in response to the sentiments expressed by 
the company and the gift presented. He looks upon this 
a« one of the proudest days of his history, and the most 
memorable since he entered the service of his country. B'or 
nearly two years he has been your commander, while the 
very best of feeling has existed between you and him from 
tho first to the present, only with an increase of respect and 
affection. He has occasion to-day to ent«rtain the hope that 
the future, in this respect, will be but a repetition of the 
past. 

" As to his gratitude for your kindness so generously ex- 
pressed in the gift of this hour, it cannot be told. When 
a man is overwhelmed with a sense of thankfulness, words 
arc not adequate to the task of uttering the pent-up emo- 
tion. And his gratitude is greatly multiplied as he recog- 
nizes in this gift an expression, not only of personal regard 
toward him, but also of devoted loyalty to the cause of the 
Union, and of attachment to the good old flag, which he 
feels you are determined to bear forward until it shall wave 
in triumph over every land and sea. Men, you behold 
your captain, wounded and disabled ; but he wishes me 
to say to you that he hopes the time is not far distant, 
when his wonted strength and vigor will return to his now 
somewhat withered limbs — when again, at the shrill 
battle-notes of the bugle, he shall be permitted, with you, 
20 



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240 



Historic Recurds. 



to leap forward to ^lorioufi conflict. Though wounded 
he ii not killed. In concluHion, allow me, on hia behalf, to 
bow to jou uU most heartfelt thanks." 

After this ceremony, the numerous guests and all the 
company were richly entertained with a sumptuous supper, 
gotten up by the captain. Thus ended an intcreBting 
chapter in the auiials of company Q, Filth Now York 
Cavalry. 




■n. 



mW 



LlKUTBNANT (afterward Major) E. J. Barker. 

From v.ie of the April (1804) numbers of the Etux 
County Republican, we extract an interesting account of 
a sword presentation to Lieut. Barker, at a largo meeting, 
held at Hammond's Corners, Crown Point, when the vete- 
rans of uompaoy II were welcomed by the people, on their 
veteran furloughs. 

Hervey Spencer, Esq., having been requested by com- 
pany H, on behalf of the company, presented to Lieut. £. 
J. Barker a beautiful sword, purchased by the members 
of the company for gallant conduct in battle, particulurly 
that of Greenwich, May 80th, 1863. 

Mr. Spencer, in an able manner, addressed the young 
lieutenant, giving a short sketch of his gallant and manly 
bearing since entering the .service, reminding him of the 
due appreciation of hia conduct and bravery, by the brave 
men of his command, and as a testimonial of their love and 
esteem of him whiioi they had followed even to the can- 
non's mouth, presented him with this beautiful sword. 

Lieut. Barker, made a short but eloquent reply. 

He thanked them for this token of their regard for him. 
He said he had simply done his duty. That without their 



■■■in. 



MMM 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



241 



Though toounded 
, on hifl behalf, to 

guests and all the 
iuniptuous supper, 
3d an interesting 
Fifth Now York 



couporation he oould have done nothing. IIo again feel- 
ingly thanked them for thoir beautiful present, and assured 
them that when they returned to tho field, that it should be 
faithfully wielded by him in the defense of his country, aa 
lung as armed treason existed within her borders. 

Tho gallant lieutenant was heartily cheered and congratu- 
lated fur his very appropriate and elegant remarks. 



J. Barker. 
era of the Euex 
Bsting account of 
t a large meeting, 
t, when the vetc- 
people, on their 

(quested by com- 
Bted to Lieut. E, 
by the members 
ittle, particularly 

essod the young 
illant and manly 
ling him of the 
7, by the brave 
•f their love and 
3ven to the can- 
iful sword. 
■ reply. 

regard for him. 
It without their 



LiEDT. (afterward Capt.) Laurenok L. O'Connor. 

Wak DiPAKTMiNT, Washington D. C, Y 
April 2d, 1888. / 

St'r: I am directed by the secretary of war, to acknow- 
ledge the vigilance and fidelity with which it is reported, 
jou have in the discharge of your duty, as Provost Mar- 
shal at Fairfax Court House, watched contrabandists and 
prevented or broken up their disreputable and disloyal 
trade. 

Your integrity and oflBciency in the discharge of your 
duties merit and will receive the commendation of this 
department. 

Very respectfully your obedient servant, 

P. H. Watson, 
Assistant Secretary of War. 
Lieut. O'Connor, 5th N. Y. Cavalry, ) 
Provost Marshal, Fairfax, C. H., Va. J 



B 






■i^^^iS^itiB&'il'fK.vM'ii^ikX^fiiiilii^.'--- 



11. 

t 



(«, 



CHAl'TER XIV. 

Iaili)<>noe oi Csmpnigning on our Men. — Who can best Rieist (bt 
EtUs. — Mear.8 Employed. — The Mail Bap, — The SpelliBg 
School. — Literary Classrtg. — Our Chapel Tents. — Our Tempo- 
ranee Club. — Meetings for Ueligious Worship. — The Effect ot 

• our Discipline. 

Many unavoidable influences have a very detrimental 
effect upv^n the niind of the soldier. His frequent expo- 
sures to the extremes of heat and cold, of hunger and thirst, 
of fatigue and excitement, with the general wear and tear 
of military life, debilitate body and mind together. OdIj 
men of the most steady habits, and of naturally strong phy- 
sical constitutions, can at all resist these influences; and 
even such m^n are more or less affected. Such influences 
the soldier experiences on the diflicult and daugeroiu 
picket; on the long, tedious march, through ruin, dust, or 
snow ; in the fierce conflict of battle, and, more emphaticail; 
still, in the dreary dungeon, and by the barbarous treatment 
of the enemy while a captive in his hands. Under th« 
above exigencies, the cavalry suffers more than the infantry- 
it is more constantly on duty, and, when in captivity, feels 
more poignantly the effects of the weary foot marches to 
which our prisoners have been so often subjected. 

Aside from these influences, affecting the entire mental 
manhood, are others which have only a moral bearing. 



.*-'■ V* ■-W^-^'^V 



i'^Mm 



I 



... ■WiiMniMM 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



243 



V. 

Who can best Rieisttht 
il Bag — The SpelliDg 
lel TentB.— Our Tompe- 
i^orship.— The Effect oa 



e 8 very detrimrnfal 
. His frequent expo- 
of hunger aad thirst, 
general wear aud tear 
uind together. Onlj 
naturally stxong phy- 
;hese influences; and 
Such influences 
icult and dangerous 
hrough rain, dust, or 
more emphatically 
>arbarou8 treatment 
hands. Under ths 
than the infantry— 
in captivity, feels 
iry foot marches to 
subjected. 
g the entire mental 
a moral bearing. 



in 



First. t:ia, perhaps, most important of these, w the remo- 
val of the wkoletomt and normal restraints of virtuous soci- 
(ty, of home and its hailowed associations. These influences 
ifliiy not be entirely fo. gotten by the soldier, but in few 
cases onlj do they control him. Neither must it be ig- 
nored that his business, in great part, is demoralizing. He 
is taught and disciplined for one thing— to destroy and kill. 
Moreover, he is often compelled to execute orders of re- 
taliation for acts of brutality and murder, perpetrated by 
the enemy.' However noble may be the object sought, or 
wholesome the influence of the chastisement visited upon 
the evil-doers, these military necessities are far from being 
promoters of morality in the actors. While we doubt not 
that the ultimate influence of war is salutary on the body 
politic and social of a nation, yet it must be conceded that 
the actors in war, — soldiers in camp and field, are them- 
selves more or less demoralized. And this must be said 
evea of our army, the most intellectual and moral army 
ever known in the history of nations. Soldiering makes 
tome men ; it unmakes many. 

This regiment has had occasion to feel a due proportion 
of evil influences, which are inseparably connected with 
active military service. But there has been displayed a 
strong disposition to resist and overcome themj so that 
while evils Lave abounded among us, we are not without 
some tokens of mental and moral strength, as well as growth 
and development. These have been manifested, while in 
camp, through the mail-bag, which carried, on an average, 
aboat one hundred and twentv-five letters per day ; also in 

'See page 176. 






1 

1 



w- 



-i^i\ 




%" 



I K 



244 



Historic Records. 



literary classes, established in the spring of 1863, in men- 
tal arithmetic, phonography and French, which were kept ! 
up as long as camp life permitted, and evinced remarkable 
application and scholarship. Mention must also be mode of 
what the boys of the Old Fifth will never forget, of the 
spelling school, which was held regularly once a week, and 
called out crowded audiences of happy, thoughtful fellows. 
The following account of "Our First Spelling School in 
Gamp," is drawn partially from my diary and was publiHhed 
in February, 1864, in the New York Christian Advocate 
and Journal. 

Efforts had been put forth for several weeks to get the 
men out to the newly-erected chapel tent for religious ser- 
vices ; also for classes in reading, writing, spelling, arith- 
metic, phonography, etc., but the number scared did not 
appear commensurate to the occasions. Finally, while re- 
peatedly asking myself the question, "What can I do 
more?" my mind alighted upon what promised to meet the 
exigency of the times. Immediately I announced at the 
meetings, and to individuals whom I met, that on Mondij 
night, Feb. 15th, there would be a epelling school in the 
chapel. By the sparkle of many an eye I quickly saw that 
T had pulled on the right string. The appointed time for 
our first spelling school in camp drew near but too tardily. 

The evening was fine and the chapel full. We soon 
addressed ourselves to the business of the occasion. It was 
a season of intense enjoyment. The " choosing of sides" 
and the " spelling down," how much they reminded us of 
schoolboy days 1 Every one was happy in that remem- 
brance, and joyful in the new throbbings of intellectual life. 
The short intermission for rest, after the severe conflict, in 






M 




'■"■""—"'•■■""" lllVWnTiM' 



'S. 

ng of 1863, in men- 
h, which were kept 
evinced remarkabis 
au8tal8obein.ideof 
never forget, of the 
•Jy once a week, and 
thoughtful fellom. 
Spelling School in 
' and was published 
Vhriftian Advocate 

weeks to get the 
t for religious 8er- 
ng, spelling, arith- 
ir scared did not 

Finally, while re- 
'What can I do 
)nnsed to meet the 
announced at the 
t, that on Mondaj 
ling school in the 
[ quickly saw that 
Jpointed time for 
• but too tardilj. 

full. We soon 
occasion. It was 
oosing of sides" 

reminded us of 
in that remem- 
intellectual life, 
ivere conflict, in 



FiFTU New York Cavalry. 



245 



ihicb troop "A" missed fire eleven times, and troop "B" 
CD, was spent in social parky, and ended with the " Star- 

9gled Banner," Bung with an unusual zest. 

Spelling was continued with such interest that the shrill 

II call took us all by surprise, and we dispersed, each 
Ifrtiing that long would be remembered the spelling school, 
lit which our pedagogue was the chaplain, and our spelling- 
|iiook, the Army Regulations ! 

I regard this enterprise as a great success in my line of 

atj as chaplain. For, 

FxTit. Anything that will stimulate the mind toward 
Uneral improvement, must be beneficial. The peculiar 
trials, habits and labors of the soHier, very naturally be- 
I Dumb his intellect, and, in a great measure, incapacitate 
him for mental and moral improvement. Hence ordinary 
influcDces fail to reach him. Something peculiar must be 
iried. This was furnished by the spelling-school movement. 

Second. Memories of childhood's innocence and youth's 
isipressive lessons at the home fireside, at the church and 
khool, are the most potent influences which can be brought 
to bear on the soldier's heart and conduct. Those may be 
iroused, to a certain extent, by the chaplain's ordinary labor, 
but to a much greater extent by this novel spelling-school 
movement. 

Third. The ohapli'n's influence in the regiment is pro- 
portionate to his real >. luaintance with the men. This he 
may gain by various m ans : by distributing pape " from 
tent to tent; by visitin the sick at the hospital and at 
tlieir quarters; by the public services for preaching; by 
iae Sunday school or Bible class, and other social, religious 
a.^tcmblies ; but in all these he appears in his official capa- 



■.>tL.J 



V'5'>«t»l-^-'ray-V'*>S".-:^W.BJ.1V<rJ*9. i'A- -^.a>'-'. if»^ .».V>^Jl -.^^'V ■■- V*-:(*t\^-j;SiaS., . ... .^.Jj^-r 



•.r^V.*»'tl^. " 






*v 








iiv?- 



246 



lIisTouic Records. 



city, and tbo soldier who is so disposed, has ample opportn- 1 
nity to prepare himself to repel every approach. Not so ! 
whea the chaplain comes as the schoolmaster, the good- 
natured schoolmaster of bygone days. The chaplain thus, 
though not with the intention of the spy, approaches una- 1 
wares to the heart of the soldier, and then has power to do 
him good. While I do not ignore any ordinary means of 
chaplain's service, I heartily rejoice in the spelling-school 
movement. 

Our second spelling school in camp, Providence per- 
mitting, , will be held on Monday evening, Feb. 22d, the 
anniversary of Washington's birthday. 

For all these privileges we were much indebted to the 
U. S. Christian Commission, which furnished us with 
large flies or paulons and stoves, with which we were able 
to construct rude, but comfortable chapel tents. These 
tonts were built of large logs or trees, notched at the ends, 
and thus fitted one on the other, for the walls, while the 
whole was covered over by means of the flies furnished by 
the Commission. By a careful application of mud — that 
Virginia mortar with which every soldier is so familiar— 
to the crevices between the logs, then by flooring with pine 
boughs, or boards, as opportunity allowed, we secured 
places for our public assemblies, resembling those of our 
pioneers in the wdstern wilda, and rivaling for comfort, if 
not for architecture, those of our northern homes. In 
these chapels were also evidenced our moral and religious 
tendencies. Not only to the classes and schools did the 
boys turn their attention, but night after night many could 
be seen wending their way from their tents to the meetings 
for temperance, and for religious worship. An honorable 



■^^■m'c yafe^i*iv<it ; ' M^^m^^^ 




■it 
■U 
t 



)S. 

i, has ample opportn- 
•y approach. Not so 
oolniaster, the "ood- 
The chaplain thus, 
spy, approaches «H(i- 
then has power to do 
ly ordinary means of 
n the spelling-school 

ip, Providence p«r- 
ning, Feb. 22d, the 

uch indebted to the 
furnished us with 
which we were able 
apel tents. These 
lotched at the ends, 
the walls, while the 
B flies furnished by 
tion of mud — that 
ier is so familiar— 
r flooring with pine 
owed, we secured 
bling those of our 
lag for comfort, if 
rthern homes. In 
loral and religious 
id schools did 
night many could 
nts to the meetings 
ip. An honorable 



I 






'r 




^fcx^ ■■ ' «Wt#BM*M 



■■,rti,>r.--;v.'* ;,)f.^--i^;^;^jr.ji-':>„- ^^y.i. ■•:■■.;• „ 






I'iFTH New York Cavalry. 



249 



ncroll, superscribed with a total abstinence pledge, contains 
the names of upward two hundred men of the regiment. 
On this subject I quote from my diary. 

Fehruarjf 21st, 1864. It is gratifying to see that notwith- 
standing the almost universal custom of dram drinkin(f in 
the army, the subject of temperance meets with general ac- 
ceptation when it is fairly presented to soldiers. On Wed- 
iicsday evening, the 17th instant, I lectured on the trite sub- 
ject of the " physical and mental influences of intemper- 
ance." A lively interest was awakened. I at once pro- 
[losed the organization of a temperance society. At least 
one-half the audience voted for it. A committee was ap- 
pointed, who drafted the following preamble and pledge : 

" We, the undersigned members of the Fifth New York 
Cavalry, desiring to strengthen each other against the evils 
of intemperance and to save therefrom our comrades in 
arms, if possible, do hereby form ourselves into a society 
to be known as ' The Fifth New York Cavalry Temperance 
Club,' and agree to conform to the following pledge: I 
hereby solemnly pledge myself, on the honor of a gentleman 
and soldier, to abstain entirely from the use of all intoxicat- 
ing liquors." 

This evening our chapel was crowded for a temperance 
meeting. Chaplain Roe, Second N. Y. Cavalry, gave us a 
spicy talk on the degrading influences of intemperance. 
Mr. James H. Bond, of Co. A, followed him, giving us 
" bits " of personal experience, and deepening the interest 
already awakened. I then offered the pledge. The invi- 
tation was promptly responded to and by greater numbers 
than had been expected by the most sanguine. Several 
maue remarks as they came up to the noble work. One 



; -.:)f^iitTO«!«''«'.'^'*'^«'»C--l*^'*M<».-«inK **,hl.! 



^ .Mnpi.«*;i- ->^-xtuft*ie^t:.<*i'*;imnitiitMiM>Sil''''- 



^fif (MftMrtiKOiH-^ 



S50 



Historic Records. 




said, " How glad will mother be when she hears of this." 
Another, " My wife would rejoice to know what I am doing." 
Some one asked, " When a soldier deserts the country's 
cause we shoot him ; what shall we do to him who deserts 
this cause ?" ' " Shoot him," was the almost unanimous 
reply. One officer came forward, saying, " he could not 
bear being stumped by a private." The work went ou 
gloriously. Forty-seven names were on our list before the 
meeting closed ; forty-three in the column, " for life," and 
four, " for term of service." 

The meeting was one of intense interest— I think we 
never can forget it. At a later date I wrote as follows : 
ninety-five have given their names. Our meetings are 
large and interesting. A pledge also against profanity is 
being circulated with success. 

ATprU 29<A, 1864. Before leaving our old camp ground, 
this morning, the two-hundredth man signed the pledge, in 
consequence of which, Mr. Doggett, the owner of the 
place, who was present, changed the name of the eminence 
from "The Devil's Leap" to "Temperance Hill," a name 
which it truly deserved and which should go down to his- 
tory. Some remarkable instances of reform from intemper- 
ance as w jll as from profanity might be mentioned, while 
the Christian would delight to hear recitals of reforms even 
more radical and far-reaching. Meetings for divine wor- 
ship, which have been numerous during winter quarters, 
whether held in chapels, rudely constructed by our own 
hands, or under "the clouded canopy or starry decked 
heaven," in woods or fields, have been generally well at- 
tended. These agencies have had no small influence on the 
discipline and consequent efficiency of the regiment. 



- f-HS ' ^ 1 ffiiv 



e hears of this." 
nrhat I am doing," 
rts the country's 
> him who dflserts 
ilmost unanimous 
g, " he could not 
16 work went ou 
lur list before the 
in, •' for life," and 

rest — I think we 
Krrote as follows: 
lur meetings are 
ainst profanity is 

)ld camp ground, 

led the pledge, in 

le owner of the 

of the eminence 

ce Hill," a name 

go down to his- 

m from intemper- 

mentioned, while 

of reforms even 

for divine wor- 

winter quarters, 

ted by our own 

or starry decked 

eneraliy well at- 

influence on the 

regiment. 



CHAPTER XV. 

Life in Southern Prisons. — Personal Ezperienoe of the Author. — 
Capture. — Gen. Stuart. — Incidents of March to Staunton, Va., 
from Pennsylvania. — Libby Prison, Richmond. — Cruelties of 
Managers. — State of Rooms. — Vcriiin. — Rations. — The Soup. 

— Water. — Richmond Papers. — '■ Skirmishing." — Bone Cut- 
ting.— The Debating Club. — "Libby Lice- (-see-' em," (Lyceum). 

— The Weekly Libby Chronicle. — Literary Classes. — Religious 
Seryices. — The Author Preaches to our Prisoners in Pemher- 
lon Castle. — Wretched Condition of our Men. — Release. — 
What he Brought with him. — Diary of Sufferings at Salis- 
bury, N. C Untold Wretchedness at Andersonville, Ga. — 

List of Men who Died in Rebel Prisons. 

Life in southern prisons presents us by far the darkest 
picture of the war. The cruel treatment of prisoners during 
the dark ages of the past, seems but as a pleasant pastime, 
compared to that inflicted upon our brave men at Richmond, 
Salisbury, Columbia, Andersonville, and at other places, by 
the professedly chivalrous people of the south. The statis- 
tics of these pages show, that while the enemy killed but 
wventy-five of our men in battle, he killed one hundred and 
fourteen in his prisons. Though this proportionate loss 
may not exist in every regiment which has participated in 
this struggle, yet the world will stand aghast at the figures, 
—if a correct computation is ever made, — exhibiting the 
amount of mortality occasioned by this cause alone. 

The outlines of prison life 'are too well known throughout 
1' 16 



i 
l! 

i 

n 



• 'i4?'M5'i^Vij'*.S!l^-*'i';S>««l2JM^-'*»'V'-»'*«?*-^»'»-<^^ 



-y jHfa>tJ- ■.-.^-r-r <W«V^> 




252 



IIiSTOuic Records. 



the country to warrunt us in givin<^ uiore than a brief 

uketch of pergonal uxperioDco, by men of tho regiment. The 

author, who, with hundreds uf others, sojourned lor a season 

in the t'uuious Libby Prison, rejoices in an opportunity ot 

publishing in these records, a few letters, which set forth 

what he saw, what he did and what he endured while 

among the ilebels. 

NiAB Stacntoh, V»., ■> 
July nih, 18G3. / 

Mif Dear P. R. : I never wrote you under so embarrassing 
and peculiar circumstances; nor do I know that my letter 
will e\«r be of any avail. I am a poor, wretched prisoner 
of war 1 Sunday morning, tho 6th instant, near 

Monterey (x ^ . Pa., during Gen. Kilpatrick's raid on the 
Rebel train, retreating from Gettysburg, I was surrounded 
by the enemy and captured. Others with me shared the 
same fate. It was hard to say, I surrender." It vas 
Jenkins' cavalry that had done the deed. Being a chap- 
lain and my horse my own and not the government's, it wia 
promised me that as soon as I reached Gen. Stuart's head- 
quarters, I would be released and none of my property 
would be molested. True as the chivalry are able to bo to 
their promises, on reaching the general, I was immediately 
released — of my horae and of all hopes of liberty. A per- 
sonal interview with the general and earnest pleadings were 
in vain. Gen. S. is a fine looking officer. His features arc 
distinct in outline, his nose long and sharp, his eye kceu 
and restles-sly on the lookout. His complexion is florid. 
He wears a gray plush hat with a black feather ; has plain 
uniform, and a short bowie knife by his side with ivory 
handle, attached to his person by a golden chain. He seems 
to trust no man to do what he can possibly do himself. But 



^> ' 



s?v'-',.'Miiniii 



■^''.--^iM-^iisr*-^'*?-'.., ^5^, ^K>i. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



258 



> than ft brief 
Of^inient. Tlie 
led lor a scasun 
opportunity ot 
'hich set forth 
endured while 

HINTOH, Va., \ 
I 17M, 18tt8./ 

30 embarrassing 

that my letter 
3tched prisoner 

instant, near 
's raid on the 
vas surrounded 
me shared the 
ider." It Wis 

Being a chap- 
nmcnt's, it wtu 
Stuart's head- 
r my property 
•e able to be to 
immediately 

erty. A per- 
ladings were 

is features arc 
his eye kceu 

xion is florid. 

ler; has plaiu 

de with ivory 
■tin. He seenu 

himself. But 



there is more chivalry in the exterior than in the interior, I 
fear. 

HafT. 1 at every point, dismounted and dispirited, I spent 
n miserable Sabbath, I assure you, traveling nearly all day 
uver the Gatoctin mountains into Maryland. 

Monday evening, the 6th, after a dreary day of marching 
and filling — for our rations were short and poor, — the 
(uluiun had halted and the prisoners sought sleep on the 
!^oft grass. I had just fallen into a doze, when I was 
nmscd up by a strange voice, calling '• Chaplain Filth New 
York Cavalry." Looking up, I beheld a Rebel lieutenant, 
with whom I had oonverHi-d a little during the day, who 
(topped up toward me with a cup of smoking hot coffee and 
afine piece of warm bread. "There, chaplain, I thought you 
might be hungry, and brought you this for your supper." 
I was quite overcome with gratitude at an act so unexpected 
and 80 rare, and my heart leapt up for joy, as at the sight of 
the first flower of spring. That, I think, was a noble man, 
though he was a Rebel, and I have not found another 
among them like him. On Wednesday, the 8th, we were 
pat across the Potomac at Williamsport. The Rebel army 
was very much discouraged - and demoralized. The officer 
of the guard on reaching the " Old Virginy Shore," flung 
his sword on the ground, exclaiming with much feeling, 
'Lie there, and I never will cross this river again on an 
expedition of this kind." Many Rebels appeared to feel aa 
he did. 

Near Washington Springs, not far from Winchester, we 
Sfient two days to rest. There were about 200 officers, prison- 
era, with me, and about 4,000 privates. While at the 
Springs we heard of the fall of Vicksburg. An amusing 



I 



m 



I 



i 



9% 



"*H" 




354 



HiBTORio Records. 



m- m 



Hid intoreating incident here took place. A little slave 
mulatto boy, about twelve years of ago, wai« asked wliom he 
liked bcBt, the " Rebs " or the " Yanks ?" Soarooly willing 
to answer, as there were more llubels around him than 
Yankees, he hung his head down a little while, but 
finally looking up with his large, intelligent eyes, he said, 
*' The Yanks." All joined in a hearty laugh over the un- 
expected answer. I then asked, " Why do you like the 
Yanks best?" "Because they don't sell me," was the 
quick and emphatic reply, astonishing us all at his wisdom 
and understanding. 

At Winchester I had an interview with Gen. luiboden. 
I failed to obtain relief, but obtained a storm of abusive 
words. With varied experiences I have come up this valley, 
traveling in all, since my capture, about 200 miles, on an 
average of twenty miles per day. The soles of my feet are a 
complete blister. To-morrow we .expect to take the oars at 
Staunton for Richmond. If I ever get a chance, I will 
send you my letter, if not, I will try to preserve it. 

Ever yours, 
L. N. B., Chaplain 6th N. Y. Cav. 

LiBBT Pbison, Richmond, Va., ) 
September Itt, 1868. / 

Jl/y Dear P. R: I hope you have received my former 

letter which I sent secretly by ,who was more fortunate 

than the most of us, and got away on a special exchange. 

On the 23d ultimo, I received two of your letters. Oh! 

what joy they were to me in my prison house; Every flag 

of truce boat brings and carries mail, but we have to write 

only one page for a letter, and it has to be read in the ofliee 

below, before it can pass. ' Yours meet the same fate before 



',=*w.'^.. 




Fifth New York Cavalry. 



265 



. A little Hiave 
a8ked wlioin he 
Soaroolj willing 
ound him than 
ittle while, but 
it ejros, he said, 
igh over the un- 
lo jou like the 
1 me," was the 
1 at hia wisdotu 

1 GeD. Imboden. 

Aitm of abusive 

e up this valley, 

iOO milea, od an 

of my feet are a 

take the cara at 

chance, I will 

rve it. 



ITS, 

N. 



Y. Cav. 



|hmond, Va., 'I 
er III, 1868. / 

ed my former 

more fortunate 

ecial exchange. 

letters. Oh! 

e; Every flag 

have to write 

i in the oflice 

me fate before 



reaching me. You say you are very anxious to know how 
wo fare. I will tell you. As we expected when I wrote 
you, we reached this place on Saturday evening, the 18th 
July. From the depot we were marched to the priaun, 
which stands on the corner of 20th and Gary streets. It is 
a largo brick building, about 185 feet long and 105 foot 
wiilo, three stories high on Gary street, and four stories 
hiifh back on the canal. Next to the street is a row of cells 
uo'lcr ground. On the corner of the building is a sign 
with " Libby & Son," from which the prison takes its name. 
Two heavy walls divide the building into three nearly equal 
parts making nine large rooms above ground. By means 
of openings or doors through these walls, access may be 
bad from one room to the other. You will shudder when 
I tell you that these rooms are so infested with vermin, 
ti.at you cannot escape their loathsome presence. The 
windows around us are mostly barred, though some are not. 
So much, then, for the place where we live, I mean, stay. 

I will now give you some specimens of the men who rule 
over us. On arriving at the prison, we were unceremoni- 
ously introduced to Dick Turner, who, having conducted us 
, into the reception hall, fell to pillaging ue. I was quickly 
delivered of my poncho, haversack and cant«en. My 
money was not taken, for what little I had was Gonfed.; 
that they did not want. Those who had greenbacks were 
soon relieved of their burden, unless their treasure waa 
concealed. While this work was going on, Turner took a 
piece of shell from a lieutenant's pocket, which he was 
patting in his own. The robbed man said, " I did not 
know that you had a right to take such things." " No 
light ? " retorted Dick angrily, and at the same time, hit 



•':)' 

4 



a 



256 



Historic Rkcouds. 



the lieutenant a fearful bio v with his hand upon the faco, 
nearly knocking him down, and then ordered him to be 
put into a cell. 

During the warm summor days, the prisoners discovered 
a scuttle hole through the roof, through which we could 
climb by means of a ladder, where, in the cool of the even- 
ing, wo could spend a few moments, freed from the stench 
and heat of the rooms below, and hav3 an opportunity of 
looking at the bright sky overhead. Dick Turner, having 
learned that we could thus obtain a few inspirations of pure, 
fresh air, came into our rooms furiously mad, and forbade 
our going on the roof again. They sometimes say they 
starve us because they have not suflScient bread, but why 
can't they give us aii- ? The guards who patrol about the 
prison and live in tents across the way, are generally aft«r 
the same pattern of Turner. If a man steps near the win- 
dow, to view the scene beyond, or breathe a purer atmos- 
phere, he is at once ♦ .d to step back, or is fired.on. These 
are the men (if it be proper to call them so), at whose beck 
we are driven to and fro, and on whose cruel hands we 
depend for our daily bread. 

I will now tell you what they furnish us to eat. In the 
morning they bring us about twelve ounces of broad and 
three ounces of boiled beef. At night they bring us about 
a pint of rice soup, in such pails, and of such sort, that to 
get it down at all, we must do so without either seeing, 
smelling or tasting. This is all we have to live upon, not 
enough to average one meal per day. I have been so \reak 
fx-om hunger, as to be compelled to lie down much of the time, 
and unable to rise, without a painful dizziness in my head. 

One night they brought our soup to us late. It was 



MM 



hand upon the face, 
1 ordered hiui to be 

prisouers discovered 
igh which we could 
ihe cool of the even- 
eed from the stench 
3 an opportunity of 
)ick Turner, having 
inspirations of pure, 
y mad, and forbade 
sometimes say they 
ient bread, but why 
ho patrol about the 
, are generally after 
. steps near the wiu- 
athe a purer atmos- 
• is fired,on. These 
1 so), at whose beck 
)8e cruel hands m 

k us to eat. In the 
unoes of broad and 
they bring us about 
f such sort, that to 
bout either seeing, 
'e to live upon, not 
t have been so \reaic 
'0 much of the time, 
ziness in my head. 
) us late. It was 




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259 



dark and could not be seen. The next morning wherever 
a sediment could be found ia pails or ciapa, big maggots 
took the place of rice. The soup was made of old bacon . 
JIany prisoners were sick at the thought of what they had 
eaten. 

The water we have to drink is from JaincH river, and in 
consequence of recent rains, it is so roily, that to fill a cup 
and let it stand an hour, you can find half an in<ih of mud 
on the bottom. It is with difficulty we can use it at all. 

After we had been in prison about a week, they brought 
in stoves and wood, gave us our rations raw, bread ex- 
cepted, added e little salt and vinegar, and we did our own 
ccKjking. Though this adds much to t\xn heat of our rooms, 
we prefer to malto our own soup. The prisoners are divided 
into messes, each using the fitoves by turns. A tabk haa 
also been constructed, with benches along side, which ren- 
der our meals more acceptabio. These are the only seats 
in our !fo<jms, except in one room, where they have bunks, 
which are used for sitting and sleeping. 

About the last of July an arraugemcnt was made, whei-e- 
by we could seud out money by the prison authorities, and 
purchase such groceries w ws chose. Some had money, 
md they have been living well For one dollar green-- 
backs, we can get from five to ten dollars CJonfed. Capt, 
Hamlin had five dollars eeui: him. from homo, which tho 
authorities deUiiued, and for which they gavo him t'hirty- 
iive dollars Confed. At this rate of oschnngo, tho einor- 
mous figures attached to the things we purchase, are not 
1-0 very large prices after all. Piles of vc^oUibles, bread 
and fruit, are brought in about every other morning, and 
it is estimated that the 60D officers now confined iu Libby, 



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expend on nn avorapje of 3650 Confed. daily. Thin ig u 
great privilege which most of the prisoners enjoy. How- 
ever, some have no money, and are compelled to live on 
their scanty rations. 

Yours, at times very lonely, 

L. N. B., Chaplain 5th N. Y. Cav. 

LiBBY Peison, Riolimond, Va., I 

tetober 6th, 1803. ( 

J/y Dear P. R.: In my last I gave you a description of 
our fare, I will now tell you how we spend our time. Wc 
ore generally roused in the morning by the cry of black 
Ben: — "All four copies of de morning papers! Great 
news in de papers 1" He finds a ready sale for his insigni- 
ficant sheets, which are as free of literary taste as they arc 
of truth, though we have to pay twenty-five cents per copy 
Between the reading of these and tho performance of our 
toilet, the morning hours pa^s away. Then comes the work 
in bones, bones from the beef supplied us. You would 
wonder to see the crosses, rings, books, boxes, stars, hearts 
&c., which I have already manufactured with an old jack- 
knife and a little file. So.ne of the prisoners spend all their 
time in this work. In fact, hone on the brain is a diseiuse 
almost as universal as that other which prompts to "skir- 
mishing," a habit the prisoners have of taking oflF their 
clothes and picking them. This is done to keep down fl»u'- 
mal life, which, here, is very exuberant. But this mere 
change between bone cutting and "skirmishing," became too 
monotonous, and some of ua have organized a debating society, 
which is known as " The Libby Lice-I-see-'em," (Lyceum). 
In this body grave questions are discussed, besides those 
that are not so grave, and many momeuts are whiled awny 



— ■iimwMWffiiwg'^'-'-' 



Fifth Xew York Cavaluy. 



261 



3njoy. How- 
ed to live on 



^f. Y. Cav. 

lond, Va., 1 
5th, 18(58. f 

escriptiou of 

ir time. Wo 

cry of black 

jera ! Great 

r his iusigni- 

! na thoy arc 

Qts per copy. 

jance of our 

les the work 

You would 

stars, heartvS 

an old jack- 

2nd all their 

is a disease 

3ts to "skir- 

ig oflF their 

p down ajit- 

it this mere 

' became too 

ting society, 

(Lyceum). 

sides those 

liiled away 



filoa.santly. The subject of Mesmerism attracted very able 
(libatera, who entertained us several days with instructive 
speeches and some amusing experiment's. From these 
debates sprang the idea of mock trials aud lectures, which 
liavo displayed no little amount of humor, wit and literary 
ability. 

The debating club have also organized a newspaper af»so- 
elation, and have appointed me editor-in-chief of the 
weekly Jyibbj/ ChronkleA This is now the great focus of 
attraction. Friday morning of each week at ten o'clock, if 
you could peep into the east room, upper floor, you would see 
It filled with an attentive audience, while the columns of the 
Chronicle are being read, of course, from manuscript. 

To aid in the quickening of our intellectual life, a few 
days ago, an opportunity was offered for purchasing books 
from the city, and immediately Libby Prisoa was converted 
into one of the highest literary institutions of the south, 
i'ou will hardly believe m^, when I tell you that we have 
classes in arithmetic, algebra and geometry, in philosophy, 
history, theology and medicine, while the languages, Greek, 
Latin, German, Italian, Spanish and French, are each stu- 
"died with peculiar delight. My French class alone numbers 
about one hundred members. And last, but not least, comes 
tiie class in phonography, which can boa«t of nearly two 
hundred. In this we have no books. But by means of a 
poncho, thrown over a shelf, a narrow blackboard is made, 
on which, with a piece of chalk, I delineate the mysterious 
taaracters, which the prisoners readily learn. Already 
articles for the Chronicle have been received, in phonographic 
characters. 






' Wee Appendix. 



■^- 



t*>t«v-iV!^*'-itaf*'jiB«%i(»'w^4A , 



262 



HisToiuc Records. 



You see that many of us are very busy, especially when 
vou add to the above studies and oooupations, the houra 
spent in singing and in religious worship. From two to 
four sermons are preached per week, alternating between the 
nine chaplains who are prisoners here. Every evening an 
hour is devoted to a meeting for social worship in which 
many take a lively interest. These interesting seasons are 
often followed by a reunion for singing, during which the 
prison walls are made to echo with our best patriotic airs, 
sung with a aest seldom known elsewhere. Chaplain 
McCabe, one of the most impressive singers I ever heard, 
generally takes the lead. I have often wondered, that the 
authorities did not veto this privilege, as the guards around 
the prison are oilen heard to curse and hiss with madness, 
at the sentiments of our songs. 

Having thus spent the day and evening, we seek rest 
upon tke hard floor, along which the prisoners lie, close- 
packed, like sardines in a can. To the hard Poor and t\v, 
" pesky varmints" many sleepless hours are (!•.. oted, which, 
however, are licqaeutly beguiled by the cracking of jokes, 
and the calling iiji, by mnans of catechetical questioning 
and answering, ))|| ijiii Immurous scenes and incidents of 
the day. Sleep at last comes with dreams of home and bet- 
ter days; but we awake ngain to the reality of prison life. 

Yesterday — which was Sunday — I was permitted to visit 
Pemberton Castle, across tl^e way from Libby, where I 
preached to about 1,800 of our brave boys, who were cap- 
tured at Chiokauuiuga, and whose officers are in Libby. 
I found these men in the most wretched condition. On 
being brought here they were stripped of overcoats, blank- 
ets, ponchoes, haversaoks and canteens. Their rooms arc 



a 



Fifth Nkw York Cavalry. 



268 



pecially when 
ns, the hours 
From two to 
g between the 
y evening an 
hip in which 
ig seasons are 
Dg which the 
patriotic airs, 
e. Chaplain 
I ever heard, 
ered, that the 
;uards around 
rith madness, 

we seek rest 
iTS lie, close- 
f'oor and t\u 
. )ted, which, 
iug of jokes, 
1 questioning 
incidents of 
rome and bet- 
prison life, 
uitted to visit 
bj, where I 
rho were cap- 
re in Libby 
ndition. On 
■coata, blank- 
ir rooms are 



filthy and full of vermin, evev? worse than Libby. The 
stench from the rear, unchecked by any doors, floods the 
rooms with a nausea the most sickening and deadly. These 
poor, half-naked men, spend their nights walking to and fro 
in the rooms, unable to sleep from the cold, which, at this 
treason of the year, is quite intense. Their rations are less 
than those given to the officers in Libby. During my stay 
ill the Castle I found nearly 200 men, so siok, that they 
were not able to raise their heads I'rom the dirty floor, 
where they lay without blankets, nor even a stick of wood 
t'ur a pillow. I was so much afi'eoted on seeing them as 
almost to incapacitate me to preach to them. At the close 
of the services they brought me a package of about 175 
letters for their friends, which the authorities refused to 
transmit for them, and which I promised to send — a few 
at a time — through the channel open to the officers. I 
enjoyed the walk to and from the Castle, and rejoiced on 
reaching my room in Libby, that my condition was so de- 
sirable, compared to that of others. 

There are some rumors that the chaplains are soon to be 
unconditionally released. It may be so. 

Yours hopefully, 
L. N. B., Chaplain 6th N. Y. Cav. . 



On Board Flag-of-'f race Boat, New York, 
In the James, off City Point, Va 
October 7<A,1868 

I am free 



a 



Mj/ Dear P. R. : 1 am free I This morning about three 
o'clock, the sergeant of the prison guard, entering my room 
with a candle in his hand, cried out, " Are there chaplains 
in this room?" I quickly answered in the affirmative. 
" Pack up, and come down," was quickly said in his usual- 






llfe*^^'^'-" 



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264 



Historic Recouds. 



ly griiflF way. Such packing up 1 it took not many momenta. 
I hastily stuffed the files of the Libhy Chronicle in mj 
boot 'egs, carefully secured in my ooat pocket 123 letters 
from the prisoners of Pembertoa Castle and of Libby, 
which were brought me as soon as it was known I wa« 
going, put my Spanish grammar under my arm, hid inj 
treasures of worked " bones " in my pants pockets, and drew 
around me, over all, a shawl which they had not purloined 
from me. There were fears that we would be searched as we 
had been upon entering Libby. Those of my friends, who 
knew how many documents and letters I had on my person, 
sought to have me leave them, as their discovery by the 
authorities would cost me prolonged imprisonment, and, 
doubtless, too, in a dingy cell. But T had promised our 
poor fellows in the Castle that I would care for their letters, 
and was bound to do so at any cost, nor was I willing to 
leave behind me the pages to which I had devoted so many 
hours of careful study. I ran a fearful risk. We were 
not searched, and the precious relics are mine. The letters 
I will seal, put stamps on them, and mail thei^ on reaching 
Washington. A little before daybreak we bade good bye 
to our friends and fellow-sufferers, sad to leave them there, 
and turned our backs on Libby. On passing to the street, 
the guard were crying out, as was their custom at stated 
periods of the night, "Post No. 1, all's well," "Post No. 
2, all's well," &c. It was the first time we had seen the 
" all's well " in the light it then appeared. 

Only eight of us were released, Chaplains Jos. T. Brown, 
6th Md. Vols.; E. C. Ambler, 67th Pa. Vols.; D. C. Eber- 
hart, 87th Pa. Vols.; James Harvey, 110th Uhio Vols.; 
E. W. Brady, 116th Ohio Vols; Geo. H. Hammer, 12th 



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Fifth New Youk Cavalry 



266 



many moments. 
'hroHicle in mj 
sket 123 letters 
and of Libby, 
18 known I wag 
f arm, hid inj 
ckets, and drew 
I not purloined 
searched as we 
y friends, who 
on my person, 
Boovery by the 
onment, and, 

promised our 
•r their letters, 
aa I willing to 
i'oted 80 many 
sk. We were 
. The letters 
4 on reaching 
Jade good bye 
3 them there, 

to the street, 
lorn at stated 
" " Post No. 
had seen the 

)s. T. Brown, 
D. C. Eber- 
tihio Vols.; 

immer, 12tb 



Pa. Cavalry; 0. Taylor, 5th Mich. Cavalry, and myself. 
Chaplain C. C. McCabe, 122d Ohio Vols., was compelled 
to remain, sick in the hospital. Before sunrise we left the 
Rebel capital for Petersburg, where we changed cars for 
City Point, and at twelve M., fo the first time, after many 
liinjj days df waiting, we beheld our glorious starry flag, 
floating at Toast head on the flag-of-truce steamir. A few 
moments more and we were beneath its protecting folds 
and among our friends. Too much cannot be said in praise 
of Major Mulford, agent of exchange, on board the New 
York, who sought by every means in his power to make 
U8 comfortable and happy. The rest of the story I will 
tell you when I come, as I expect a leave of absence on 
arriving at Washington. 

Yours, for Home and the Flag, 

L. N. B., Chaplain 5th N. Y. Cav. 

Thti following account of prison experience will be found 
full of interest : 

I was captured in the fight at Cedar creek, the 12th No- 
vember, 1864, by the 4th Virginia Cavalry. They took my 
liorse equipments, pocket book, knife, trinkets, boots and 
Kpurs, and marched aie off with about 150 other prisoners 
from our division, to Rosser's headquarters near New Mar- 
ket, where was served out to us a pint of flour each, all we 
got for thirty-six hours. Hero we were stripped and 
searched. When remonstrance was made, they said they 
were looking for commissions. Our good clothes were taken 
from us and we were obliged to take their filthy rags. On 
the 15th we were sent from New Market to Staunton, a 
distance of forty-three miles, where we arrived the 17th, 



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IIisTouic Records. 



almost nakod, having been robbed and plundered the whole 
of the way, even to the cutting off of our buttons. Here 
we were served with rations, four crackers and one quarter 
pound of beef to each man, and closely confined iu a strung 
log guard house. The 21st we were put on a iVeight train 
and sent to Richmond, being eighteen hours on the cura. 
Here we wore confined in Libby Prison one night. Next 
morning we were stripped and searched again, meanwhile 
receiving the greatest abuse. After the search we were 
placed in Pemberton Castle. Wo suffered very much for 
want of food and clothes, it being piercing cold. 

December 2>d. Serveu out two days' rations, consisting 
of one small loaf of bread and one fifth of a cod-fish. Next 
day we were crowded in freight oars and sent to Danville, 
where we arrived at eight o'clock p. M., and were confined 
in the cars all night, without being able to get a drink of 
water ; and some of the men were in the greatest filth. 

December 5th. Changed cars. A few others and myself 
were put in a car with fifty embalmed bodies. Changed 
cars again at Greensboro', and, at ten o'clock at night, were 
put on a freight train, with one hundred men in each car, 
and so closely packed that it was not possible to sit down. 
Two men died in the night from suffocation. At three 
A. M. next day we arrived at Salisbury, N. C. and made a 
stand in the road, mud ankle deep, until nine o'clock, when 
we were marched to prison. It was once a cotton mill, sur- 
rounded by a high fence, strongly guarded, and commanded 
by three twelve pounders. It is a hard place. Being the 
last batch, we have no tents nor any kind of shelter yet, and 
from sixty to eighty dying every day from actual starvation. 

DeceTnher 1th. It ruined and froze hard last night, and poor. 



MMM 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



267 



3red the whole 
uttuns. Here 
id one quarter 
0(1 iu a strong 
I freight train 
s on the cars. 

night. Next 
in, meanwhile 
irch we were 
iry much for 
d. 

US, oonsistiog 
d-fiah. Next 
i to Danville, 
were confined 
St a drink of 
est filth. 
i and myself 
iS. Changed 
at night, were 

in each oar, 

to sit down. 
1. At three 

and made a 
•'clock, when 
A)Q mill, 8ur- 
1 commanded 
Being the 
Iter yet, and 
il starvation. 
;ht, and poor, 



half-naked men are in a miserable plight. It is heart- 
rending to see some of them, with their famished looks and 
mere skeleton forms. 

December Slh. The guard (68th N. C. regiment) received 
orders to fire on any of us seen walking about the yard, or 
|{oing *iO the rear after nundown. That night they killed 
two men and wounded another. In the morning they shot 
a man in a tent asleep. I reported the sentry to Major 
Gee, in command. He questioned the sentry about it, 
whose excuse was, that he had three niggers in line and 
never expected such a shot again, but he happened to miss 
them and killed this man. He was praised for the act and 
received a forty days' furlough. 

December 10th. We feel the cold very much. The groand 
is covered with snow. Men are to be seen almost froitni 
to death — hands and feet frozen, in several cases — in 
every direction. A great many died during the night fVom 
exposure and want of food. We have been kept seventy- 
five hours without rations, and in the meantime the Rebels 
tried to persuade us to enlist, by offering a bounty of fifty 
dollars, one loaf of bread, and a canteen of whiskey — " the 
isrgest bounty," they said, " ever offered in the Confede- 
racy." They got some recruits — men who were afraid of 
starving to death, and enlisted to save their lives. 

December IQth. Several escaped, myself in the number. I 
got within twenty miles of our lines, was recaptured, and 
brought back to prison again. We are tunneling, and ex- 
pect soon to make another break. 

January ith. Eighty-six men in the dead house, who 
died during the night. Thirty of my men^ died since I 

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came here. Four companies of Yanks that were enlisted 
here, from time to time, and fully equipped, in Florence 
killed their Rebel officers, hung their Sergeant Major for 
interfering seiied four pieces of artillery, and effected their 
escape to 3ep. Sherman's lines. 

January Qth. Quarter rations, consisting of meal, made 
from corn and corn-cobs groucd together, and baked into 
bread. 

January 12th. I have several men without any kind of 
shelter. A great many have dug holes in the ground to 
live in, working at them with a part of a canteen, a nail, or 
piece of iron, or any thing they can get, not being allowed 
any tools. Thirty-nine men died last night. The commis- 
sairy has nothing to issue to the prisoners, no food of any 
kind. There is plenty outside the prison, but not for us. 

January IHtfi. Three table-spoonfuls of molasses issued 
to each man, and one quart of vinegar to every hundred 
men. 

January 20tk. One of my men dropped dead while trying 
to eat some soup, made of rice and water. Another tunnel 
is finished. Ten of us escape from prison, are seen snd 
fired on by the guard. Three men, with myself, got wi far 
as Morgantown, a distance of eighty-four miles, when we 
were recaptured and brought back to prison again. 

January 2Sth. A men, sent out to the dead house for 
dead, comes to life in tho dead cart on his way to be buried, 
and is brought back to the hospital, where he recovers. 

January SOth. The Rcbs are trying to get more recruito. 
Last night a man was robbed of seventy dollars in green- 
backs and three hundred in Confed. that he was fortunate 
enough to secure, in hopes of sometime making his escape. 



irijr»i-.w mm^iimM'mi 




mt were enlisted 
)ed, in Florence, 
rgeant Major for 
ad effected their 

g of meal, made 
and baked into 

out any kind of 
n the ground to 
iQtecn, a nail, or 
Dt being allowed 
t. The comrnis- 
no food of any 
>ut not for OS. 
molas&cs issued 
every hundred 

ead while trying 
Another tunnel 
n, are seen and 
yself, got Rfi far 
miles, when we 
again. 

dead house for 
ay to be buried, 
e recovers. 
it more recruite. 
illars in green- 
le was fortunate 
cing his escape. 



Fifth New York Cwalby. 

February Sd. Two men only allowed to go once a day to 
bring the allowance of wood for each hundred men. 

Februory f)th. Sixty-five men escaped over the fences last 
night. It is thought the guard assisted them, as some of 
them also are missing. 

February Hth. There have been, up to this date, five thou- 
sand seven hundred and fifty deaths in this prison, out 
of nine thousand, in less than three months. 

February llth. Men suffering very much from scurvy. 
The small-pox has also broken out. Got one quart of vine- 
gar to each hundred men to-dr-y. 

February lith. Capt. Porter, 18th Mass., Maj. Howard, 
4th N. Y. Mounted Rifles, and a Capt. of the 146th N. Y. 
S. Vols., whose name I don't remember, commenced issuing 
a iew blanket* the government sent us last November, but 
were kept in Richmond, until the cold is nearly over, by 
tl Rebel authorities there. 

February ISth. Three hundred prisoners came here from 
Andersonville and Charlotte. Pants, blouses and shirta 
were issued by the above-named officers, one hundred of 
.each to a division, consisting of one thousand men. 

February 20th. I am making out rolls of the men able 
to bear a journey. We are going to to be paroled when 
these rolls are finished. 

February 22d. Sending sick to Richmond. The rest 
were fallen in on the square ; a parole was read to us and about 
noon we left the prison, marched to South Atkia, six miles 
rom Salisbury, and camped for the night. 

FAruary 23rf. Marched out early. Passing through 
Lexington a lady gave me a gingerbread cake that was most 
acceptable. Four miles beyond the town wo camped. 




««wiwa««»K«w«s*» 



270 



Historic Bscords. 






Fehruarit 2\lh. Marched along the railroad. A great 
many men gave out, not being able to stand the march. We 
passed through Thomasville, then on to High Point, 
where we camped for the night. 

February 2,Qth. Having reached Greeasboro' we were 
put on the oars and sent to Goldsboro' by way of Ra- 
leigh, where we had to wait until parole papers were made 
out. I had to pay forty dollars (Confed.) for my dinner 
there on the 27th. Parole papers made out, we were put 
on board oars for Wilmington, where we arrived safely. 
The moment we beheld the Old Glory, three enthusiastic 
cheers burst Arom one and all. It was gladdening to think 
we wore under ita protection once more. The dear old 

^, may it never lose tt star ! 

On getting into town, the U. S. Sanitary Commission did 
everything they could to alleviate our suffering. 

March lit. I drank my first cup of coffee since my im- 
prisonment. It ia reported, that when Gen. Schofield, 
commanding department, saw our wretched condition from 
starvation, he gave orders to put the prisoners he took on 
capturing Wilmington, on quarter rations, and reduce them 
to skin and bones. 

March 8d. Left Wilmington on the Esoort. 

March bfh. Crossed the Bar and embarked on the Her- 
man Livingston for Annapolis, Md., via Fortress Monroe. 

March 10th. Disembarked at our destination, received 
compensation money, Ac, Ac, and got things comfortable 
once more. (Extracts from the Diary of John Evans, Esq., 
of the Fifth New York Cavalry). 

Chaplain: You can never know how much we have suf- 
fered. Tongue cannot tell nor pen describe the suffering and 



i i iiiii wimi.]j i i i iii > » < 



d on the Hei- 
ress Monroe, 
tion, received 
^ comfortable 
1 Evans, Esq., 

I we have suf- 
I suffering and 



HMBtHR 




Fifth Nbw Yoek Cavalry. 



271 



oad. A great 

be march. We 

High Point, 

boro' we were 
y way of Ra- 
lera were made 
for my dinner 
t, we were put 
iriived safely, 
ee enthusinstio 
jning to think 
The dear old 

ommission did 

since my im- 
en. Sohofield, 
ondition from 
ars he took on 
1 reduce them 



misery endured by our soldiers at Andersonville, Qa., 
where I was confined. Yoa would not believe it, if it were 
told. I would not, t.3A< v not been there. But Qod has 
been good to me in sparing my life. (Extract from a letter 
of William P. Smith, company C, Fifth New York Cavalry, 
dated Parole Hospital, Yicksburg, Miss., April 12, 1865). 



The following list of the men of the regiment, who 
died in Rebel prisons, h>>.s been prepared with much 
care, and must prove intensely interesting to their friends 
and surviving comrades. These important data were mostly 
secured from men, who had retoroed to ns, and who had 
watched their less fortunate fellow-suffeiers, as mind and 
body gave away under the Bufferings and destitution of 
their wretched imprisonment. 

Some information was also obtained from official docu- 
ments from the War Department, at Washington, D. G. 




272 



Historic Recoudb. 



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CHAPTER XVI. 

Our Scout. — With Gen. Stahel. — Quides Cavalry Corps from Fair- 
fax C. H. to Fredericlc City, Md., June, 1868.— Ordered to Watcli 
Movementa of Kebel Army, Marching ob its Qrand Invasion of 
I'onnsylvauia. — In Disguise he Visit! Rebel Gen. Stuart.— 
Captures Ilebel Army Mail, with Important Dispatches, at 
H'igerutown, Md. — Carries Dispatches from Gen. Grant to 
President Lincoln, during Battle of the Wilderness. — Among 
the Rebels near Weldon & Petersburg R.R. — Hard Tramp 

' through Woods and Swamps. --The Colored Guide. — Gladly 
Reaches our Lines Again. 

At the time of the Rebel inTasion of Maryland and 
Peunsjivania, in 1863, I was chief scout of Gen. Stahel, 
commanding division of cavalry in Defenses of Washington. 
June 24, 1863, I guided the cavalry from Fairfax Court 
House on ita way into Maryland. We forded the Potomac 
at Young's Island, two miles below the mouth of Qoose 
creek, and marched to Frederick City. I put up at the 
Dill Hotel, the headquarters of the general. At eleven p. 
M. the general sent for me. Obeying the summons, I found 
him with Major Kephart, Captains Kidd and Chauncoy, of 
his staff, engaged in drawing sketches and routes of the 
enemy* from a large map, spread out before them. Rising 
from his seat the general bade me a pleasant " good eve- 
ning," and added : 

" Sergeant, I have a very hard trip for you. If you 



'i j ' .jM..m,.o.ff. ' i ' ^-- '^ M.' ' - ' 



vj v,'J* i e ' t- -y^i'ri 



J'lFTii New York Cavalry. 



277 



ry Corps from F»ir- 
— Or(iered to Witch 
Grand Invasion of 
el Gen. Stuart. — 
mt Dispatches, at 
>m Gen. Grant to 
Iderneas, — Among 
R. — Hard Tramp 
d Guide. —Gladl/ 

f Maryland and 
of Gdn. Stahel, 
8 of Washington, 
n Fairfax Court 
ded the Potomao 
mouth of Goose 
I pnt up at the 
I. At eleven p. 
immons, I found 
nd Chauncoy, of 
d routes of the 
them. Rising 
saut " good eve- 

ir you. If you 



think it can be accomplished, I wish you to commence it 
to-night, for, if it is to bo done at all, now is the time." 

"Well, general," I replied, saluting him, " I am readj^ to 
do all in my power to help the cause, and if we are to 
commence the work to-night, the sooner we get to business 
tho better." 

He then directed me to repair to the Potomac near 
Williamsport, to watch the movements of the enejiiy, to 
aseerttiin his strength and the routes taken by the different 
columns, &c,, and to communicate all serviceable informa- 
tion to himself, or to Gen. Meade, who bad just assumed 
command. I was to Uke aa many men as I needed, to 
mount them on horses secured by his order, to take such 
routes as, in my own judgment, were best, and to return only 
when I thought tho interest of the service so required, or I 
should receive further orders from him. 

My horse was aoon ready, and, after receiving the gene- 
ral's order for ten picked men out of Col. Price's brigade, I 
bade him good bye, and set out to Middletown, near which 
Col. Price was then encamped. It was ten A. M. when I 
presented my order to the colonel, with the request that the 
- men should be taken from the 1st Michigan Cavalry, each of 
ten companies to furnish its bravest and best man. Those 
gallant troopers were soon ready, and, having reported to 
me in due style, we began our toilsome march over the 
South Mountain for Boonsboro', which we reached at four 

A. M. next day. 

Here we learned that the Rebels were crossing the river 
at two points, Falling Waters and Williamsport, but their 
advance had not yet entered the town. We spent the day 
riding up and down the river on different roads, watching 




IWK&-^'K^ 



«-.-" «^4.fflti..l 1' Jiff' . '«,v.^! 1^^, 






V 



278 



Historic Records. 



their moTcmenta. At night I left my men at the United 
States Hotel, kept by a good Union man namcni Smith, and 
started for Hagorstown. I soon found that the main bodj 
of thoir army was moving towards Ghambcrsburg, Pt. 
Having spent the night in the vicinity, I returned eirlj 
next morning, and dispatched a messenger to the general 
with what information we had obtained. 

These proceedings occupied our time until Saturday night 
of that week, when Qec. Stuart, commanding Rebel oavalrj, 
came into Hagerstown. 

I was very anxioui to learn all about his force, and the 
movements contemplated, and resolved upun a plan to see the 
general himself, or some of his btaff. 

Of a Union man 1 procured a suit of raglingt, knocked 
off one boot heel to make one leg shorter than itc mate, and 
put a gimblet, a tow string and an old broken jack-knife in 
my pockets. My jewelry corresponded with my clothes. I 
adopted the name of George Fry, a harvest hand of Dr. 
Farney's, from Wolitown, on the north side of the mountain, 
and I was a cripple from rheumatism. Having completed 
arrangements with Dr. Farney, Mr. Landers and other Union 
men, that they might be of service to me in case the Rebels 
were suspicious of my character, I hobbled away on my 
perilous journey, and entered the city, by leaping the high 
stone wall which guards it on the north side, near the 
depot, just as the town clock struck one. 

It was a clear starlight night, and the glistening bayo- 
nets of the sentries could be seen as they walked their 
lonely beat Scarcely had I gained the sidewalk, leading 
to the centre of the town, when the sentry cried, ''Halt I 
who goes there?" "A friend," I replied. " A friend to 



I 
I 






Fifth Now York Cavalry. 



279 



aen at the United 
aampd Smith, and 
bat the main bodj 
lambcrsburg, Pa, 
I returnod early 
er to the generti 

til Saturday night 
ing Rebel cavalry, 

lis force, and the 
D a plan to see the 

'Offh'ngi, knocked 
han its mate, and 
i^en jack-knife in 
h my clothes. I 
est hand of Dr. 
of the moantain, 
having completed 
and other Union 
a case the Rebels 
led away on my 
leaping the high 
1 side, near the 

glistening bayo- 
ey walked their 
dewalk, leading 
J cried, "Halt! 
" A friend to 



north or south?" "To south, of course, and all right." 
" Advance then," wan the response. I told him I had come 
in to see our brave boys, who could whip the Yankees so 
liandBomely, &o., and we fell to discussing the war ques- 
tions of the day. In the midst of our ooUoqny, up came 
thd officer of the guard, who, afler asking me a few ques- 
tions, said : " Had you not better go with me to see Gen. 
Stuart?" " I should reelly like ter git a sight of the gini- 
r;il," I quickly replied, " for I never seen a reel giniral in all 
my life." I was soon in the presence of the general, who 
received me very cordially. I told him who I was and 
where I lived when at home. " Wolftown J" remarked the 
[general, " have not the Yankees a large wagon train there?" 
I told him they had, and, turning to one of his utaff, he said, 
'I must ha>e it, it would bo a fine prise." I noted bis 
words, and I determined, if I possessed any Yankee wit, to 
make use of it on this occasion. " Qiniral," said I, "you aU 
don't think of capterin' them are Yankee wagons, do you?" 
" Why not ? I have here 5,000 cavalry and sixteen pieces of 
artillery, and I understand the train is lightly guarded." 

I told him they came there that afternoon, with twelve 
•big brass cunnoo and three regiments of foot soldiers, and 
if he was to try to go through the gap in the mountain, 
they would shoot all the cannon off right in the gap, .d 
kill all of his men and horses. The general laughed, t^d 
said I had a strange idea of war, if I thought so many men 
would be killed at once, and added, that I would not be a 
very brave soldier. I replied, that many times I had felt 
like going into the Confederate army, but my rheumatism 
kept me out. 

After 8 while the general concluded not to try the train, 





Trajv: 



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v''^'~^^:mi'y'^'^f?^i^y.^^-^.m^'S^i^::imip'p-^r*'^ 



280 



Historic Records. 






5;: 

V,,' 

II 









and I was heartily glad, for he would have taken 2,000 
wagons easily, as they were guarded by not more than three 
hundred men. 

He then gave orders to hav3 the main body of his cav- 
alry move toward Green Castle, and I distinctly heard him 
give orders to the major to stay in town with fifty men m 
rear guard, and to send on the army mail, which was ex- 
pected there about six the net evening. I made up my 
mind thnt it would be a small mail he would get, as I pro- 
posed to myself to be postmaster for once. 

After seeing the general and his cavalry move out of 
town, I went directly for my horse, which I had concealed 
in a safe place some distance from the city, and surveyed 
the ground to see which way I could best come in to cap- 
ture the mail, and determined to charge the place ra iho 
pike from Boonsboro' and made my arrangements to that 
efiFect. I got a Union man by the name of Thornburgh to 
go into the town and notify the Union people, that when 
the town clock struck six p, m. I would charge in and cap- 
ture the Rebel mail, -vt the risk of losing my own life and 
every man with me. I had now but eight men, two hav- 
ing been sent to the j^ aeral with dispatches. 

I then returned to Boonsboro', and found my men waiting 
for me. I told them my intentions, and offered to send 
back to his regiment any man who feared to go r.ith me. 
But every one bravely said he would not leave me, nor 
surrender without my order. I ordered them to bring 
their horses, and we were soon on the road. It wa.", a 
moment of thrilling interest to us all, as we approached 
Hagerstown, and lingered to hear the signal strokes of that 
monitor, in the old church tower. At the appointed time 




lave taken 2,000 
it more than three 

n body of his cav- 
itinctly heard him 
with fifty men m 
lil, which was ex- 
;. I made up my 
)uld get, as I pro- 

ralry move out of 
h I had concealed 
ity, and surveyed 
st come in to cap- 
I the place rn iho 
ngements to that 
jf Thornburgh to 
people, that when 
harge in and cap- 
f my own life and 
ht men, two hav- 
es. 

d my men waiting 
d offered to send 
3d to go r.ith me. 
lot leave me, nor 
1 them to bring 
road. It wa.s a 
IS we approached 
>.al strokes of that 
ic appointed time 




'1 



't* 



■> f 



' t 



-:* 



imsiK--"^ 



Wi-k 



m 



tnu 



lii' 



H ill ! w ii . ii uu ' wi i kiaji ' ! I' l l , -fflsuggg^- ^ bagg/ ' 



Fifth New York Cavalky. 



283 



(we had entered the edge of the town), with a wild shout 
we dashed into the street, and the major and his fifty braves 
fled without firing a shot. We captured sixteen prisoners, 
twenty-six horses, several small arms, and a heavy army 
mail, which contained three dispatches from Jeff. Davis, 
and two from the Ilebel secretary of war, to Gen. Lee. 
All this substantial booty we safely carried within our lines, 
without the loss of a man or a horse. 

Many thanks are due to Dr. C. R. Doran, and to Robert 
Thornburgh, for their kind and timely assistance, and also 
to Misses Susie Carson and Addie Brenn.ir, who did so 
much for the comfort of our bravo men. I still have in my 
possession some choice flowers, preserved from a bouquet, 
presented me by Miss Cirton the evening we captured the 
Kebei mail ; and though the flowers have faded, ine good 
deens done by the giver will ever grow bright through 
coming time. All honor to the brave Union ladies. 

Saturday, May 7th, 1864. I left Gen. Grant's headquar- 
ters, accompanied by G. M. Cline, Gen. Meade's chief of 
scouts, with importaut dispatcbea for President Lincoln, 
Quartermaster Ge". Meigs, Surgeon Gen. Barnes, and 
.others of the Department. The fighting was terrific on the 
right and left wings when we started. It was two P. M. 
Crossed the Rappahaunoek at U. S. Ford. We traveled] all 
night through the enemy's country. We could see their sig- 
nal rockets, sent up along the line of signal stations, from Belle 
Plain to Guineas Station, on the Richmond and Fredericks- 
burg rail road. We reached the Potomac at four next 
morning at Acquia creek. Fearing the guerrillas, should 
we remain on the Virginia shore, we constructed a raft of 
drift wood and boards, on which, by great exerticu, pad- 





'IS" 



284 



IIiSTORic Records. 



dling under a broiling sun, we succeeded in crossing the 
river, which, at this point, is several miles wide. By trav- 
eling afoot about five miles, we met a Union guard, who 
conducted us to Gapt. Bussell, company A, First Purneli 
Legion. 

The captain entertained us with a good dinner, which 
relished well afler over twenty-four hours' hard toil, miniu 
our rations. After dinner we hailed a schooner, bound lip 
stream, and Gapt. Russell sent us out to her in his row- 
boat. It proved to be the General Hunter of Baltimore, 
The captain informed us that he had a case of smallpox 
aboard, and strove to warn us away. But we were too 
anxious to get to Washington with our dispatches to be 
delayed by one case of small-pox. Light breezes, or no 
breeze at all, delayed us, and we did not reach the capital 
till seven A. M. on the 9th. We were knded at the navy 
yard, whence we were sent to the War Department in the 
private carriage of the officer in command. 

The authorities had not heard from the army in three 
days — and eventful daye they had been — as Mosby had 
cut off all communication by way of the Orange and Alex- 
andria rail road. 

After delivering our messages and receiving answers, 
with other dispatches for Gen. Grant, Gen. Meigs sent us 
down the river aboard the steamer Lizzie Bake?. We 
were landed at night, near Acquia creek, and traveled to 
Fredericksburg. Seeing camp fires in and about the 
town, we expected to meet the Rebels^ but were gladly 
disappointed in finding them to be our own. 

The next morning, the 10th, we had the pleasure of tak- 
ing breakfast with Lieut. F. A. Boutolle of the Fifth New 



Is • 



Mwfun 



'"^S5W^'''''!?WSgRSSW^^ 




i in crossing the 
I wide. By trav- 
nion guard, who 
A, First Purnell 

»d dinner, which 
hard toil, minu» 
looner, bound up 
) her in his row- 
ter of Baltimore, 
3086 of smallpox 
Jut we were too 
dispatches to be 
it breezes, or no 
reach the capital 
nded at the navy 
apartment in the 

he army in three 
— as Mosby had 
)range and Alez- 

oeiving answers, 
sn. Meigs sent us 
zie Bake ■. We 
and traveled to 
and about the 
but were gladly 
I. 

i pleasure of tak- 
)f the Fifth New 



Fifth New York Cavaluy. 



2d6 



York Cavalry, chief ambulance officer of the division 
Having secured horses and an orderly, we started for Gen. 
Grant's headquarters, which we reached about eleven A. M., 
near Spottsylvania Court House. The fighting was very 
heavy during the day, and continued through the night. 

May 11th, near SpoUxi/lvania Court House. Our men cap- 
ture eight generals, forty-five pieces of artillery, and seven 
thousand prisoners. 

4.itffust 30lh, 1864. It had been reported that the Rebels 
were constructing a cross rail road from Stony Creek Station, 
Woldon & Petersburg rail road, to the Southside rail road- 
I was sent to ascertain the fact, in company with James Hat- 
tan, one of Greneral Grant's scouts. As neither of us knew 
the country, we procured a darkey guide. We had pro- 
ceeded but a short distance from our lines, at a point near 
Lee's mills, on the Blackwater river, when a squad of 
Rebels saw us, and gave us chase. Being on foot, we soon 
reached thick woodfi, and escaped. We traveled nearly all 
night, and, getting near our destination, we started for a 
large farm house, to make some inquiries, when a picket 
cried out " halt !" As we did not obey him, he fired, and 
thus aroused a whole regiment, that was soon in the saddle. 
We took to the woods again. We spent considerable time in 
trying to cross the Indian swamp, but in vain. Here we lost 
our guide, who, desiring to visit his wife at her master's, Mr. 
Dunn, whose house was under Rebel guards, was either 
killed or captured. By a new route we traveled on toward 
Stony Creek Station, till daybreak. At this time we sought 
the nearest ravine, where we crept into a few bushes, and 
sought rest. Though we were much exposed during the 
day, much Rebel cavalry prowling about, and, some of the 





t 



286 



Historic Records. 



time, very near us, yet from a faithful da'key, whom we 
saw, we secured both food and drink, and received all 
needed information about the new cross rail road, which was 
not yet being built. 

Under the darkness of night, we 8tarte(i back for our 
lines, and crossed the Indian swamp near Mr. Sterling 
Saunder's farm, and soon arrived at Mr. Charlos Kean's, 
where we found a darkey prepared for a promenade with big 
Dinah, it being Sabbath evening. He was dressed in grand 
style, with black coat, white panta and vest, standing collar, 
and a splendid beaver. He sported a big cane, with a brass 
knob on the handle. Thus caparisoned, he did not relish 
the idea of becoming guide. But excuses were useless, and 
he must show us across the big swamp called Jones' Hole. 
The night became very dark, and we were compelled to/ee/ 
our way much of the time. This was no easy task^ as we 
were obliged to walk on fallen trees, some lying in the water, 
and others three or four feet above. By a misstep, Mr. 
guide went oflF one of these logs into mud and water. It 
was difficult to restrain laughter, when the poor fellow 
crawled out, to think, had it been day, what a sudden change 
of color his white pants and vest must have undergone. 
Having reached terra firma on the opposite side of the 
swamp, we gave the guide a five doHar greenback, and sent 
him back to his Dinah. We crossed the Jerusalem plank road 
just south of Captain Proctor's farm house, and reached our 
lines about twelve M., at Burnt Mills, near the Norfolk rail 
road. We wero furnished horses and an orderly, and made 
our way to General Grant's headquarters, glad to be within 
our own lines once more. C. A. P. 

Co. G, Fifth New York Cavalry. 



^ '• "im.!^h^mm < .^.ii^sf^ 



^ssssms^^mm^m.sm^m^k 



rkey, whom we 
1(1 received all 
road, which was 



a back for our 
r Mr. Sterling 
::)harl<js Kean'fl, 
nenade with his 
ressed in grand 
standing collar, 
ae, with a brass 

did not relish 
ere QMless, and 
d Jones' Hole, 
•mpelled to /eel 
asy task, as we 
ig in the water, 
a misstep, Mr. 
nd water. It 
le poor fellow 
sudden change 
ve undergone, 
ite side of the 
iback, and sent 
Jem plank road 
nd reached our 
le Norfolk rail 
erlj, and made 
d to be within 

A. P., 
ork Cavalry. 



CHAPTER XVIL 

Company Kegisters. — Organizations. — Officers.- 
cidents iv Personal Adventures of the men. 



• Interesting In- 



In tL.s connection is given only an epitome of each com- 
pany, in which may be found the dates of the appointments 
or commissions of its officers ; an account of its organiza- 
tion ; the leading events of its history, and a brief mention 
of a few men, who, for special acts of bravery, or for pecu- 
liar misfortunes, are deemed worthy of this notice. It would 
be a pleasure to mention here all those men, who possessed 
the " stuff of which heroes are made," and who have always 
performed their duty so well, but the space allotted us will 
not permit it 

Company A. 



Officer*. 



Re- 



Augustus P. Green, Captain, August 15th, 1801. 
signed, November 5th, 1862. 

Thomas Burns, 1st Lieutenant, August 15th, 1861. He- 
signed, May 2lBt, 1862. 

Henry Wilson, 2d Lieutenant, August 15th, 1861. Ist 
Lieutenant, May 21st, 1861. Captured, July 18th, 1862, 
Barnett's Ford, Resigned, December 28th, 1862. 

Luke McGuinn, 2d Lieutenant, May 23d, 1862. Captain, 
24 







I 



im ' 



288 



Historic Kkcords. 



November 5th, 1862. Killed, May 5th, 1864, Parker's Store. 

Frazer A. Boutclle, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, 

September 10th, 1862. 1st Lieutenant, December 20th, 

1863. Discharged, Expiration of Term, September Ist, 

1864. Captain, November 14th, 1864. 

Theodore A. Boice, 1st Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
December 29th, 1862, Captain, Company B, December 
20th, 1863. 

William T. Boyd, 2d Lieutenant, December 20tb, 1863. 

Michael Hayes, 1st Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
November 14th, 1864. 

This company formed the original nucleus of the regi- 
ment, and was raised by Captain Green, in New York city. 
It' was mustered iu the » jrvico of the United States, August 
15th, 1861, at Staten Island, N. Y., by Captain L. S. Lamed, 
5th U. S. Infantry. The first recruit of the company was Fra- 
zer A. Boutelle, ite present captain. It was engaged alone io 
the first action recordpd in our history. May 2d, 1862, near 
Port Kspublio. It there lost the first prisoner ever made 
from the regiment — John Beaumont. 

Sergeant C. A. Maguire, August 30th, 1862, distinguished 
himself as bearer of dispatches from Gen. Pope to Gen. Mc- 
Dowell, having to traverse the enemy's lines between Ma- 
nassas Junction and Gainesville, compelled to fight much of 
the way, assisted by only ten men, yet accomplishing his 
task. 

Sergeant T. McGiveran bad three horses killed under 
him, and Sergeant W. Murray fou , A solid shot taking 
away the horse's head of the latter, June Ist, 1864, at Ash- 
land, while falling, he coolly exclaimed, " Be jabers, this is 
a fine way to dismount a man I" 






Fifth New York Cavalry. 



289 



Parker's Store, 
rom Sergeant, 
'ecember 20th, 
Boptember Ist, 

a Ist Sergeant, 
B, December 

er 20th, 1868. 
Ist Sergeant, 

us of the regi- 
'Jew York city. 
States, Angnst 
n L. S. Lamed, 
mpany was Fra- 
igaged alone in 
2d, 1862, near 
ner ever made 

2, distinguished 
)pe to Gen. Mo- 
8 between Ma- 
fight much of 
omplishing his 

3s killed under 
lid shot taking 
, 1864, at Ash- 
'e jabers, this is 



Sergeants T. Burke and W. Herrick, June 80th, 1363, 
at IlanoTer, Pa., captured a Rebel battU ut;sg and several 
prisoners. 

John Catlin, bugler, a boy 8ixt«en years old, March 7th, 
1865, Rood's Hill, captured General Rossor's chief bugler, 
a tall man, and secured his bugle as a memento of the war. 

Nearly the whole company was captured, on picket, at 
Barnett's ford, Rapidan, July 18th, 1862. 

Original number of men, at time of muster in, 76; whole 
number, 183 ; luen killed in action, 2 ; mortally wounded, 2 ; 
wounded. 26 ; number of wounds, 35 ; men captured, 58 ; 
missed in action and never heard from,^ 2 ; died in Rebel 
prisons, 6; died of disease, 7; veterans,' 13; veterans re- 
maining, July 19th, 1865, 12; whole number of mea 
remaining, 63. 

. Company B. 

Officert. 

Lyon Isaacs, Captain, August 21st, 1861. Resigned, May 
18tb, 1862. 

David Abohbot, 1st Lieutenant, August 2l8t, 1861. Re- 
signed, May, 1862. 

Philip Dwyer, 2d Lieutenant, August 21st, 1861. Mor- 
tally wounded. May 23d, 1862, Front Royal. Died, May 25th. 

Alfred W. Creamer, Captain from Ist Lieutenant Co. E, 
May 2d, 1862. Resigned, January 12th, 1863. 

Jeremiah Collins, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, May 
24th, 1862. Left by Special Order, December 13th, 1862. 




' These men were probably killed. 

' These velerana are men who were originally with the regi- 
ment, and who reenlisted in the early part of 1864. 



290 



Historic Records. 



I 



mi 



Abrorn II. Hagbrouck, Captain from 2d Lieutenant Co. 
G, January 12th, 1868. Left by Special Order, December 
26th, 1863. 

Samuel MoBride, 2d /'ieutenant from Iloapital Steward, 
December 13th, ISfi?. Ist Lieutenant, July 27th, 1863. 

Llewellyn N. Stevens, Ist Lieutenant, January 9th, 18t)3. 
Itesigned, June Ist, 1868. 

Frederic Von Klitiiing, 2d Lieutenant, May 19th, 1863. 
Resigned, September 6th, 1863. 

Jabex Chambers, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, Sep- 
tember Ist, 1868. Ist Lieutenant, March 28th, 1864. Cap. 
tain, December 9th, 1864. 

Theodore A. Boice, Captain from 1st Lieutenant Co. A, 
December 20th, 1863. Major, September 15th, 1864. 
Lieutenant Colonel, November 14th, 1864. 

Edward Price, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, Decem- 
ber 9th, 1864. 

Capt. Isaacs organized this company in New York city, 
commencing the work in. July, 1801. It was mustered into 
the service of U. S., August 21st, 1861, Long Island, N. 
Y., by Capt. A. P. Green. 

The company suffered terribly with company D, May 23d, 
1862, at Front Royal. 

These two companies were afterward detached from the 
regiment, to serve on Crosby's battery, which they did 
till October Ist, 1862. Meanwhile they were engaged, 
September 19th, at Antietam. 

October 9th, 1864, the company aasiafed in capturing six 
pieces of artillery and the enemy's train. October 19th, 
1864, it captured four pieces of artillery. 

Capt. Chunibcrg, September 19th, 1864, captured seven 



"■ . , i JTiJj)g |Mljlgl|W«jw ^»j l l ili ) iili^i| B ili|i y 



^'i m & mmMssusmi iss us^ i ^sf ^^m^^^smff" 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



291 



2d Lieutenant Co. 
i Order, Docembor 

Hospital Steward, 
uly 27th, 1868. 
Fanuary 9th, 18t)3. 

May 10th, 1863. 

Ist Sergeant, Sep- 
28th, 1864. Cap- 
Lieutenant Co. A, 
iber 15th, 1864. 

Sergeant, Deoem- 

1 New York city, 
was mustered iuto 
Long Island, N. 

janyD, May 23d, 

itached from the 

which they did 

jr were engaged, 

i in capturing six 
. October 19th, 

I, captured seven 



prisoners. Sergeant 0. Statley was twice wounded and onco 
captured, but escaped from his guards. 

Johu Braden was twice captured, but effected his escape 
each time, and has had three horses killed under him in 

action. 

Original number of men, 84; whole number, 190; men 
killed in action, 5; mortally wounded, 2 ; wounded, 27 ; 
number of wounds, 83 ; men captured, 44; missed in action 
and never heard from, 2; died in Rebel prisons, 10 ; died of 
disease, 2 ; killed iccidentally, 8 ; discharged by reason of 
wounds, 7; veterans, 12; veterans remaining, July 19th, 
1805, 8; whole number of men remaining, 59 

Original horses remaining, 1. 



Left by Special 



Company C. 
Officen. 

Ira Wrighi, Captain, August 8th, 1861. 
Order, Septemlwr 22d, 1862. 

Henry L. Bogardus, Ist Lieutenant, August 8th, 1861. 
Resigned, June Ist, 1862. 

Charles J. Farley, 2d Lieutenant, August 8tb, 1861. 
Captain, September 22d, 1862. Wounded twice, October 
19th, 1863. Wounded in foot, August 25th, 1864. Lost 
right leg, and slight wound in head, September 19tb, 1864. 
Discharged, Expiration of Term, Jtvnuary 16th, 1865. 

Edward Whiteford, 1st Lieutenant, June 1st, 1862. 
Resigned, November 12th, 1862. 

Benjamin M. Whittemore, Ist Lieutenant from Sergeant, 
November 13th, 1862. Captain, January 16th, 1865. 

Joseph B. Grice, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant Co. L, 
September 22d, 1862. Left by Special Order, May 7th, 180.'} 




V,'. 



Ss*:. 

I: 






292 



UisTonic Uecords. 



Robert tiarper, 2d Lioutoiiant from 1st Sergeant, May 
7th, 1H68. LoJl by Special Order 877 A. G. 0., NovemW 
l«t, 1804. 

William I^ahoj, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1SG4. Ist Lieutenant, January IGth, 1865. 

i'litrick Tiffany, 2d Lieutenant from lat Sergeant, Janu- 
ary 16ih, 1805. 

This oomprny was raised in Now York city, ly Capttia 
Wright, and was mustered into the sorviae of the United 
Sutos, September 8d, 1801, at Staten Island, N. Y., by 
Captain L. S. Lamed. It won great praise during the 
second battle of Bull Run, by carrying dispatches at night 
through the enemy's linos, from General Pope to General 
Kearnuy. 

Sergeant McNulty was severely wounded and captured, 
March ISth, 1804, Ely's Ford, but escaped, saving his 
money, h oontiderable amount, in the bottom of one of hit 
boots. The Rebels undertook several times to take his 
bootfi from him, as was their custom to do, but be plead 
successfully on account of his wounds. He was captured 
again, June 28th, 1864. Escaped from prison, Greensboro', 
S. C, and was five weeks in reaching our lines. 

The following captures were made by the company, 
October 19th, 1864, at Cedar creek : 

Lieutenant Leahey, one headquarters medical wagon; 
Sergeants Tiffany and Highland, two pieces of artillery and 
twenty prisoners j Harvey Ricknrt, one piece of artillery ; P. 
J. Geraty, seven prisoners and one wagon ; Sergeant W. H. 
Norcott, one caisson and six prisoners ; Corporal J. Farrell, 
one gun and limber and six horses ; Sergeant John Tluckley, 



'..i}?r/'^"| 



"3^3 



L«S*/w'«i>«'^ ".'^ 



'A^J^SSSit'i 



Fifth Nkw York Cavaliiy. 



296 



Ist Sergeant, Ihy 
• Q- 0., Movembtr 

l»t Sergeant, No- 
uary IGth, 1865, 
It Sergeant, Janu- 

c city, Ijr CapUin 
i«e of the United 
[sland, N. Y., by 
raiae during the 
ispatchea at niplit 
Pope to General 

od and captured, 
iped, saving big 
om of one of his 
mes to take big 
io, but he plead 
He was capture d 
fon, Greensbori)', 
inea. 
r the company, 

ncdical wagon; > 
of artillery and 
oof artillery; P. 
Sergeant W. H. 
•oral J. Farrell, 
; John Tluokley, 



one gun and six horHCH ; tlio same by James Pc-ry, who waa 
accidentally and mortally wounded, February 27 tb, 18»ift. 

John Stein was four times captured, and died in prison. 

Original number of men, 76; whole number, 188; men 
l(illod in action, 7; mortally wounded, 2; wounded, 28; 
number of wounds, 29; men captured, 48; missed in action 
and never heard from, 2 ; died in Rebel prisons, 9 ; died of 
disease, 6; killed acoidenUiUy, 8 ; veterans, 22 ; veterans re- 
maining, July 19th, 1865, 14; whole number of men re- 
maining, 00. 

Original horses remaining, 1. 

Company D. 
Officers. 

Thomas Coyle, Captain, August 2l8t, 1861. Died of dis- 
ease, November 24th, 1861. 

Amos H. White, Ist Lieutenant, September 21st, 1861. 
Captain, December 9th, 1861. Major, January 30th, 1863 
Lieutenant Colonel, September 15th, 1864. Colonel, No- 
ember, 14th, 1864. 

Seth B. Ryder, 2d Lieutenant, September 29th, 1861. 

- Ist Lieutenant, June 11th, 1862. Captain, January 30th, 

1863. Captured, October 10th, 1868, and a prisoner till 

March, 1865. Discharged, Expiration of Term, May 15th, 

1886. 

George H. Nichols, Ist Lieutenant. March, 1862. Re- 
signed, June 11th, 1862. 

William Watson, 1st Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
February 13th, 1863. Left by Special Order, July 27th, 1863. 

Edward J. McArdlo, 2d Lieutenant, February 2d, 1863. 
Kesigned, June Ist, 1863. 



¥:i; 






Ss»s?;---i 



[Isb-^.-' *' 



^s: 



294 



Historic Recouds. 



1 



Pi 



11 



Henry J. Appleby, 2d Lieutenant from Q. M. Sergeant 
June Ist, 1863. let Lieutenant, July 27th 1863. Di^ 
charged. Expiration of Term, September, 1864. 

Charles H. Greenleaf, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
July 27th, 1863. Mortally wounded, August 25th, 1864. 
Died next day. 

Ilansom A. Perkins, 2d Lieutenant from Commissar; 
Sergeant, September 15th, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, Novem- 
ber 14th, 1864. 

Jeremiah J. Callanan, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, 
November 14th, 1865. 

This company was formed by Captain Coyle, of men en- 
listed in the states o' ..ilaBsachusetts and Conueotiout, and vos 
mustered into the senrise of the United States, October Ist, 
1861, at Staten Istand, N. Y., by Col. D. B. Sacket, U. 
S. Army. 

With company B, it performed the peculiar work attached 
to a battery, from June to October, 1862. 

Sergeant C H. Groenleaf, May 23d, 1862, carried dis- 
patches from Front Boyal to G3n. Banks at Strasburg.i 
By bravery and skill, he gave timely notice of Stonewall 
Jackson's flank movement, whereby he saved Gen. Banks' 
army, which led the general to recommend him for promotion 
He was mortally wounded in action, while in command of 
company A, fighting bravely. 

H. A. Smith received four sabre cuts, May 2Sd, 1862, 
and was captured. Wounded again and captured, Jtfne 
23d, 1864, at Nottoway Court House. 

Corp. John Walsh, October 19th, 1864, at C^^^-ar creek. 



> See liis letter, page 31. 



•-•.■*li«.'ft 



Fifth New Yobk Cavalry. 



295 



>m Q. M. Sergeant 
r 27tli 1863. Du. 
, 1864. 

from 1st Sergeant, 
Vuguflt 26th, 1864. 

from Commissary 
■lioutenant, Noveni- 

at from Sergeant, 

Coyle, of men en- 
)nnecticut, andwas 
States, October 1st, 
D. B. Sacket, U. 

iliar work attached 

1862, carried dis- 
ks at Strasbnrg.i 
otice of Stonewall 
aved Gen. Banks' 
iim for promotion 
e in ooiumand of 

May 23d, 1862, 
i captured, JlAie 

, at C^''.ar creek, 



recaptured the colors of the 15th New Jersey Vols., for 
which he received the " Medal of Honor," awarded by 
Congress. 

Original number of men, 82 ; whole number, 161 ; men 
liilled in action, 3 ; mortally wounded, 1 ; wounded, 23 ; 
lumber of wounds, 27 ; men captured, 59 ; missed in action 
auil never heard from, 3 j died in Rebel prisons, 10 ; died 
of disease, 7 ; killed accidentally, 1 ; discharged by reason 
of wounds, 1 ; veterans, 16 ; veterans remaining July 19th, 
1!<65, 15 ; whole number of men remaining, 45. 

Company E. 
Officert. 
Willium P. Pratt, Captain, August 15th, 1861. Major, 
July Ist, 1862. Resigned, January 80th, 1863. 

Alfred W. Creamer, 1st Lieutenant, September 17th, 
1861. Captain Company B, May 2d, 1862. 
William H. Williams, 2d Lieutenant, November 7th, 

1861. 1st Lieutenant, May 2d, 1862. Captain, May 28th, 

1862. Resigned, February 7th, 1863. 

William P. Dye, 2d Lieutenant froifi 1st Sergeant, May 
2d, 1862. 1st Lieutenant, May 28th, 1862. Captain, 
. February 7th, 1863. Resigned, September 3d, 1864. 

Daniel B. Merriman, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, 
May 28th, 1862. 1st Lieutenant, February 7th, 1863 
Discharged for physical disabillity, March 29th, 1864. 

Liberty C Abbott, 2d Lieutenant from Q. M. Sergeant, 
June 30th, 1863. Ist Lieutenant, March 29th, 1864. 
Captain, November 14th, 1864. Major, May 2d, 1865. 

Foster Dickinson, 2d Lieutenant from let Sergeant, May 
21st, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, November 14th, 1864. Cap- 
tain, June 1st, 1865. 





8«a 






296 



Historic Records. 



fill 



if 



Matthew Strait, 2d Lieutenant from Corporal, November 
14tb, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, June Ist, 1865. 

Addison S. Thompson, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
June Ist, 1865. 

Major Davidson raised this company in Allegany county, 
N. Y., and it was mustered into the service of the United 
States, August 3 Ist, 1861, at New York city, by Capt&ia 
S. B. Hayman, U. S. Army. 

Asahel A. Spencer was the first man of the regimen',, 
killed in action, May 6th, 1862, Harrisonburg. 

The company has lost two 1st Sergeants, killed in action, 
£. S. Dye and S. W. Sortore, and their commissions of 
2d Lieutenants reached the regiment just after their deaths. 

John Lciser deserted irom the Rebel army and joined 
this company. He was a true and brave soldier. (See 
Table — Men who died in Rebel Prisons.) 

Henry W. Monroe, June 30th, 1863, at Hanover, Pa., re- 
ceived a gunshot wound through his body, so that stones of 
cherries he had eaten that morning passed through the 
wound. He got welk 

Corporal Charles A. Miner, October 9th, 1864, Tom's 
Brook, while pursuing the enemy, emerged from a piece of 
woods, in sight of eight Rebels. He cried out " Come on 
boys 1" looking back as though he were leading a company 
of men. Without firing a shot the Rebels fled, leaving a 
wagon loaded with hay, and six mules. He was killed by 
the falling of the walls of Union Hotel, Winchester, 
December 16th, 1864. 

Major L. C. Abbott, October 9th, 1864, captured six pri- 
soners, by making a sabre charge upon thorn. 

Lieutenant M. Strait, September lOtb, 1864, had a button 




SW^!im^;«lii!lJffl';R«.'i!A^*Jk4)IWSvii>l»'i*Aa:- 



I 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



297 



Jorporal, November 

865. 

from 1st Sergeant, 

1 Allogany county, 

'ice of the United 

city, by Captain 

of the regimentj 
burg. 

8, killed in action, 
r oommissions of 
after their deaths. 

army and joined 
ive soldier. (See 

Hanover, Pa., re- 
, so that stones of 
ised through the 

Jth, 1864, Tom's 
1 from a piece of 
id out " Come on 
nding a company 
Is fled, leaving a 
le was killed by 
tel, Winchester, 

captured six pri- 

m. 

'64, had a button 



of his poat driven into his left hand, by a bullet. Ho 
fought bravely, October 9th, 1864, capturing General 
Kosser's headquarters wagon, and securing the general's 
private saddle. October 19th, he captured a brass battery 
of six guns. 

S. K. Ford joined the company, August, 1861, but dis- 
played no soldierly qualities until October 9th, 1864. He 
then captured five prisoners, and October 19th ho fought 
desperately, eliciting general admiration, but was stiverely 
wounded through the right lung. 

Lieutenant A. 8. Thompson, October 6th, 1864, Brock's 
Gap, had his horse killed under him and was surrounded by 
the enemy. He managed to secrete himself in bushes until 
night, though so near the Bebels as to hear them converse, 
and escaped through their picket line, under cover of the 
darkness. He has had three horses killed under him. Ser- 
geant S. T. Uptegrove, October 6th, 1864, was captured, 
stripped of all his clothing, and only old rags replaced, and 
almost starved. He escaped from Rebels daring the fight at 
Tom's Srook, October 9th. 

David F. Woloott was promoted to Saddler Sergeant, for his 
fidelity as a soldier ind a man. 

L. C. Smith had three horses killed under him in action. 

Original number of men, 94; whole number, 169; men 
killed in action, 5; mortally wounded, 2; wounded, 27; 
number of wounds, 39 ; men captured, 41 ; died in Uebcl 
prisons, 7 ; died of disease, 7 ; killed accidentally, 2 ; dis- 
charged by reason of wounds. 1 ; veterans, 36 ; veterans 
remaining July 19th, 1865, 31 ; whole number of men re- 
maining, 60. 

Original horses remaining, 1. • 




I 



. ^>.<^3f^-*^ 



298 



HisTOBic Records. 



Company F. 
Officers. 
Washington Wheeler, Captain, August 80th, 1861. 
Major, July Ist, 1862. Besigned, September 26th, 1862. 
Levi Curtis, 1st Lieutenant, August 80th, 1861. Cap- 
tain, July Ist, 1862. Resigned, January 22, 1883. 

William D. Lucaa, 2d Lieutenant, August 30th, 1861. 
1st Lieutenant, July 1, 1862. Captain, January 22, 1863. 
£dward D. Tolles, 2d Lieutenant from Commissary Ser- 
geant, July Ist, 1868. Ist Lieutenant, July 22d, 1863. 
Resigned, October 29th, 1863. 

William B. Pickett, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, 
January 22d, 1863. Ist Lieutenant, October 80th, 1863. 
Discharged, Expiration of Term, October 15th, 1864. 

Walter C. Smith, 2d Lieutenant from private, October 
80th, 1863. Discharged, Expiration of Term, October 16th, 
1864. 

Merritt N. Chafey, Ist Lieutenant from Regimental Com- 
missary Sergeant, November 14th, 1864. 

John K. Jeffrey, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1864. 

This company was organized in Wyoming county, N. Y., 
by Captain Wheeler, and was mustered into the service of the 
United States, September 2l8t, 1861, at New York city, by 
Captain S. B. Hayman, U. S. Army. 

George H. Jenkins May 30th, 1863, shot an English 
officer, who was working a Rebel howitzer. (See account c" 
that engagement, page 69). 

Q. M. Sergeant D. J. McMillan has been six times 
wounded, receiving three sabre cuts, June 30th, 1863, and 



t^»m'''V;i'i!gstMmii^:>-sim.i^<!^iiiiMim^^ 



Fifth New Yokk Cavalry. 



299 




ist 80th, 1861. 
aber 26th, 1862. 
th, 1861. Cap. 
12, 1888. 
;u8t 30th, 1861. 
inuary 22, 1863. 
lommissarj Ser- 
luly 22d, 1863. 

a Ist Sergeant, 
ber 80th, 1863. 
5th, 1864. 
)rivate, October 
1, October 16th, 

Regimental Com- 

t Sergeant, No- 

; county, N. Y., 
le service of the 
n York city, by 

lot an English 
(See account c' 

been six times 
tOth, 1863, and 



thretf gunshot wounds afterward, one through the left 
lung, October 19th, 1863. 

Eugene Pratt received eight wounds in one engagement, 
March 11th, 1864, from the musket of a guerrilla, three 
Diusket balls and five buck shot. 

William H. Nieman, captured, October 19th, 1863, was 
not released till April 28th, 1865. 

Original number of men, 92 ; whole number, 189 ; men 
killed in action, 5 ; mortally wounded, 4 ; wounded, 23 ; 
number of wounds, 84 ; men captured, 48 ; missed in action 
and never heard from, 2; died in Rebel prisons, 10; died 
uf disease, 6 ; killed accidentally, 8 ; discharged by reason 
of wounds, 4 ; veterans, 9 ; veterans remaining July 19th, 
1865, 8 ; whole number of men remaining, 66, 

COMPANT 0. 
Officers 

Abram H. Krom, Captain, August 1st, 1861. Wounded 
twice. May 8d, 1863. Major, December 5th, i868. Dis- 
charged, Expiration '^f 7erm, October 21st, 1864. 

Wallace M. Boyer. Ist Lieutenant, August 30th, 1861. 
, Resigned, July Ist, 1862. 

Eugene B. Gere, 2d Lieutenant, Augt'.st 27th, 1861. 
Lieutenant, July 1st, 18(^2. Wrjnded, August 2d, 
1862. B«8igned, Novembci 19th, 1862. 

Abram H. Hasbrouck, 2d Lieutenant, September 20th, 
1862. Captain, company B, January 12th, 1863. 

James Bryant, Ist Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, Novem- 
ber 19th, 1862. Captain, December 5th, 1883. Captured, 
May 18th, 1864. Discharged, Expiration of Term, Janu- 
ary 18th, 186fit 

19 




t ^ 



IfK 



800 



Historic Records. 






Philip Krohn, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, Jannary 
12th, 1863. Ist Lieutenant, December 6th, 1863. Dis- 
charged, Expiration of Term, May 15th, 1865. Three 
times captured, July 17th, 1862; August 10th, 1863; 
June 1st, 1864. 

John H. Wright, 2d Lieutenant from let Sergeant, 
March 29th, 1864. Captain, Jan\ary 12th, 1865. 

William H. Knight, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, Janu- 
ary 12th, 1865. Ist Lieutenant, ^ une 1st, 1865. 

Abijah Spafford, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, June 
Ist, 1865. 

Captain Krom enlisted this company in Tioga county, 
N. Y. It was mustered into the service of United States, 
September 30th, 1861, Staten Island, N. Y., by Captain 
' Lyon Isaacs. 

John Mooney had five horses killed under him in action, 
during campaign of 1864, yet was not wounded nor hurt 
himself. 

Sergeant Charles A. Phelps has been employed in the 
secret service, as scout, by Generals Stahei, Kilpatiick, 
Pleasanton and Meade. 

Sergeant N. W. Barnum, at the battle of Five Forks, 
bore General Sheridan's flag, which wau pierced by two 
bullets, and the standard grazed. 

Oscar E. Farnham, captured, June 27th, 1864, made 
his escape by jumping from cars, while moving at the rate 
of twenty miles an hour, between Augusta, Ga., and Savan- 
nah. He wa£ thirty-four days in reaching General Sher- 
man's army, assisted by negroes, on his way. 

P. H. White and R, Dinehart, October 9th, 1864, cap- 
tured one piece of artillery. 






> B^ i w i i, i m i II iiiii uimn, iiii im i Mij i iJMi'Hi i' i!t - Wgif W »ir-"w .iiii nM. 



'igesa 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



801 



Sergeant, January 
r6th, 1863. Dig- 
th, 1865. Three 
iguat 10th, 1863; 

rom lat Sergeant, 

Ith, 1865. 

im Sergeant, Jauu- 

3t, 1865. 

Ist Sergeant, June 

in Tioga county, 
s of United States, 
N. Y., by Captain 

ider him in action, 
wounded nor hurt 

n employed in tbe 
Jtahel, Kilpattick, 

le of Five Fori^s, 
uj pierced by two 

27th, 1864, made 

uoving at the rate 

a, Ga., and Savan- 

ing General Sher- 

ay. 

r 9th, 1864, cap- 



8. Lynch, October 19th, 1864, captured one piece of 
artillery. 

John Evans, March 7th, 1865, had a ball pass through a 
pack of cards and several plugs of tobacco, lodging against 
the skin opposite his heart. 

Sergeant B, G. Wilmot was captured, rejoined the regi- 
ment, and was captured again the same day, May 17th, 1864. 

Original number of men, 95; whole number, 155; men 
killed in action, 6; wounded, 22; number of wounds, 82 ; 
men captured, 48 ; missed in action and never heard from, 
2 ; died in Rebel prisons, 9 ; died of disease, 7 ; discharged 
by reason of wounds, 2 ; veterans, 27 ; veterans remaining 
July 19th, 1865, 25 ; whole number of men remaining, 56. 

Company H. • 

Offijctrt. 

John Hammond, Captain, September 14th, 1861. Major, 
September 26th, 1862. Lieutenant Colonel, March 24th, 
1864. Colonel, July 3d, 1864. Discharged, Expiration of 
Term, September 3d, 1864. Fore-finger of his right hand 
broken by a pistol ball, September 13th, 1863 ; Leg bone 
jost above right ankle cracked by a Mini6 ball, June Ist, 
18G4, at Ashland. 

Jonas A. Benedict, 1st Lieutenant, October 22d, 1861. 
Died from amputation of right arm, resulting from the bite 
of a man on thumb, December 11th, 1861. 

James A. Penfield, 2d Lieutenant, October 22d, 1861. 
1st Lieutenant, December 11th, 1861. Captain, September 
2Gth, 1862. Wounded by sabre cut in head, and captured, 
July 6th, 1863. In prison till March, 1865. Commis- 
sioned Major, March 29th, 1864. Resigned, May 2d, 1865. 

John G. Viall, 2d Lieutenant, December 11th, 1861. Ist 




802 



Historic Records. 

Captain, 



Company M, ■ 

I 1 



Lieutenant, September 26th, 1862. 
April 2d, 1864. 

Elmer J. Barker, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, Septem- 
ber 26th, 1862. Ist Lieutenant, November 6th, 1868. Cap- 
tain, March 29th, 1864. Major, November 14th, 1864. 

Eugene B. Hayward, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
November 6th, 1868. lat Lieutenant, March 29th, 1864. 
Captain, November 14th, 1864. 

Lucius F. Renne, Ist Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1864. 

Clark M. Pease, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1864. 

This company was organized in Crown Point, Essex 
county, N. Y.,by John Hammond, assisted by C. F. Ham- 
mond, Esq., who furnished all the original horses for the 
company to the number of one hundred and eight. It was 
mustered into the United States service, October 18th, 

1861, at New York city, by Captain Bankhead,U. S. Army. 
It was detached from the regiment, to cooperate with in- 
fantry in the Luray Valley, during the early part of May, 

1862. While there it participated in several sprightly 
skirmishes with the enemy. 

Lieutenant E. J. Barker distinguished himself. May 
80th, 1868, by leading a charge on one of Mosby's how- 
itzers, where he fell wounded with two grape shot. 

Abram Folger, June 30th, 1868, captured Lieut. Colonel 
Payne, Rebel, in a tan vat, where the colonel had fallen. 

Sergeant S. J. Mason, with nine men, guarded the neu- 
tral ground between the two armies, where General Lee 
surrendered his army to General Grant, April 9th, 1865, 
at Appomattox Court House 



*tmmMi^m^^^^m^^mw^^^MS&^^^^^m^!;^^^m^^ 





in, Company M, 

argeant, Septem- 
6th, 1868. Cap- 
r 14th, 1864. 
m Ist Sergeant, 
aroh 29th, 1864. 

St Sergeant, No- 

st Sergeant, No- 

n Point, Essex 
I by C. F. Ham- 
1 horses for the 
d eight. It was 
October 18th, 
ittd, U. S. Army, 
jperate with in- 
rly part of May, 
leveral sprightly 

1 himself. May 
if Mosby's how- 
e shot. 

d Lieut. Colonel 
el had fallen, 
uarded the neu- 
re General Lee 
^pril 9th, 1865, 



Fifth Nkw Yokk Cavalry. 



803 



John P. Durno, 0. T. Cornell, D. H. Robbins, all en- 
listed in this company at Winchester, Va., in the spring of 
1862, and were all discharged at the same place, at expira- 
tion of term of service, without ever having been wounded 
or hurt, except that Robbins was a prisoner about five 
months. 

Original number of men, 106; whole number 198; men 
killed in action, 6j mortally wounded, 2; wounded, 81; 
number of wounds, 34 ; men captured, 65; missed in action 
and never heard from, 2 ; died in Rebel prisons, 15 ; died 
of disease, 12 ; killed accidentally, 2 ; discharged by reason 
of wounds, 4 ; veterans, 28 ; veterans remaining, July 19th, 
1865, 22 ; whole number of men remaining, 47. 

Original horses remaining, 4. 

COMPANT I. 
Officers. 
George A. Bennett, Captain, September, 1861. Be« 
signed, June, 1862. 

Edward C. Woodruflf, 1st Lieutenant, September, 1861. 
Resigned, April 6th, 1862. 

George C. Morton, 2d Lieutenant, September 3d, 1861 
Ist Lieutenant, May 6th, 1862. Captain, June 2l8t, 1862. 
Disouarged by Special Order 70 A. G. 0., February 12th, 

1864. 

William B. Cary, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, May 6th, 
1862. 1st Lieutenant, June 21st, 1862. Captain, March 
17th, 1864. Discharged, Expiration of Term, October 
23d, 1864. 

Eugene Sullivan, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, June 
2l8t, 1862. Left by General Orders No. 7 Army of Poto- 
mac, March 24th, 1864. 




•„i^ '. j~^— -■-- -1 j^'.-spi,^ 'I ,-•"■' -^ 



fe' 




304 



Historic Rkcords. 



Robert Black, Ist Lieutenant from 2d Lieutenant, com- 
pany K, March 17th, 1864. Discharged by Special Order 
No. 471 A. G. O., December 28th, 1864. 

Christopher Heron, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
March 29th, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, January 18th, 1865. 

William H. Conklin, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
January 13th, 1865. 

£dmOnd Blunt, Jr., Captain from Captain company M, 
June, 1865. 

This company was formed by Captain Bennett of men 
enlisted in New York city, Orange county, N. Y., and in 
Plainfield, N. J. It was mustered into the service of the 
United States, September 27th, 1864, at Staten Island, N. 
Y., by Captain L. S. Lamed. It was the escort of General 
Heintcelman, then in command of Defenses of Washington, 
from August 27th, 1862, to September 1st, 1863. A por- 
tion of the company was in the advance with the lamented 
Colonel Dahlgren, on General ' Kilpatriok's raid to Bioh- 
mond, March, 1864. (See account, page 94). 

Bugler Conrad Bohrer, August 2d, 1862, saved the life 
of Colonel DeForest, who was beset by a dozen Rebels. 
But Bohrer's horse being shot, he fell, and an enemy thrust 
him through the body with a sabre. The enemy, being 
finally beaten and driven, the body of this dauntless bugler 
was recovered and honored with a military burial, where 
he fell. 

Robert Campbell, October 20th, 1864, captured fourteen 
prisoners in a squad near Cedar creek. 

Lewis H. Crandall was poisoned, October, 1864, at Hani- 
vonburg, dying soon after. 

Original number of men, 90; whole number, 190; 



- gw i -Bti f^ r'/^fW?;-,' 



»:'«iteMSMfe#5fe«fcs*g#Sfea&^agg^P^S^^ 




FiFTu New York Cavalky. 



806 



leutenant, com- 
^ Special Order 

I Ist Sergeant, 
^ 18th, 1805. 
n Ist Sergeant, 

lin :^oinpany M, 

iennett of men 
N. Y., and in 
service of the 
taten Island, N. 
cort of General 
of Washington, 
, 1863. A por- 
;h the lamented 
s raid to Bioh- 

). 

S, saved the life 
I dozen Rebels, 
in enemy thrust 
) enemy, being 
launtless bugler 
ty burial, where 

ptured fourteen 

1864, at Harri- 

number, 190; 



men killed in action, 8 ; wounded, 6 ; number of wounds, 8 ; 
men captured, 20; died in Rebel prisons, 10; died of dis- 
ease, 10; discharged by reason of wounds, 2; veterans, 8; 
veterans remaining, July 19th, 1865, 3; whole number of 
men remaining, 57. 

Company K. 
Officert. 
William P. Hallett, Captain, October 1st, 1861. Re- 
signed, December 16th, 1862. 

Zolman J. McMaaters, Ist Lieutenant, October 9th, 1861. 
Captain, December 16th, 1862. Died of dUease, September 

24th, 1863. 

Laurence L. O'Connor, 2d Lieutenant, October 16th, 
1861. 1st Lieutenant, December 9th, 1862. Resigned, 
August 16th, 1863. Captain, March 5th, 1864. 

Henry A. D. Merritt, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, com- 
pany L, December 9th, 1862. 1st Lieutenant, August 16th, 
1863. Captain, November 14th, 1864. Mojor, November 

14th, 1864. 

Robert Black, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, September 
1868. 1st Lieutenant, company I, March 17th, 1864. 

William H. Whitcomb, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, 
company M, May 2l8t, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, company L, 
November 14th, 1864. 

Thomas O'Keefe, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1864. Ist Lieutenant, June Ist, 1865. 

Nathaniel M. Talmage, 2d Lieutenant from Ist Sergeant, 
June 1st, 1865. 

Captain Hallett organized this company in New York 
city, and it was mustered into the United States service, 



t; 




\^t .1 



..'■■>S*KIPMJJSB'» 



806 



lIisTuiiiu Ukcurus. 



September 27th, 1801, at Staten iHland, N. Y., by Captain 
L. 8. liurned. It waa liotailod a« Body Uuard for Qon^ral 
HeiDtzelman, August 27th, 1862, until kSepteniber l:;!th, 
1802, and ait escort for General Euiory, oouiuianding 10th 
Army Corps, September, 1804, and continued with the 
general until April, 1805. 

Lieiitouant H. A. D. Mcrritt, in command of part of this 
company, and of company I, distinguished himself with Col- 
onel DahJgron, by whoso side he rode, witen the Colonel 
was killed, on Kilpatrick's raid to Richmond, March, 1804. 
(See his narrative of the raid, page 94). 

Sergeant D. 11. Scofield, October 19th, 18G4, captured the 
colors of the 12th Virginia Infantry, for which labor he re- 
.ceived from the Secretary of War, the " medal of honor," 
awarded by Congress. 

Mit'hael Ke::ney has driven a team of six mules since 
the organization of the regiment, and retains four of the 
original animals. 

Original number of men, 104 ; whole number, 164 ; men 
killed in action, 2 ; mortally wounded, 1 ; wounded, 8 ; 
number of wounds, 13 ; men captured, 81 ; missed in action 
and never heard from, 2 ; died in Rebel prisons, 11 ; died of 
disease, 5; killed accidentally, 1; discharged by reason of 
wounds, 1 ; veterans, 17 ; veterans remaining, July 19th, 
1805, 9 ; whole number of men remaining, 60. 

Company L. 
Officert. 
Charles Arthur, Captain, September 27th, 1861. Left 
by Special Order, October 24th, 1802. 

Charles C. Suydam, Ist Lieutenant, September 27th, 
1801. Resigned, May 0th, 1802. 



aaj.jto; 



i. y., by Onptain 
luard for Oerferal 
iSepteniber I2th, 
ouiuianding lOth 
itinued with the 

id of part of this 
himself with Col- 
hen the ColoDel 
od, March, 1864. 

8G4, captured the 
rhich labor he re- 
medal of honor," 

' six mules since 
4iiDs four of the 

amber, 164 ; men 
Ij wounded, 8; 
; missed in action 
sons, 11; died of 
;ed by reason of 
ining, July 19th, 
, 60. 



'th, 1861. Left 
September 27th, 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 

Augustus Barker, 2d Lieutenant, September 27th, 1861. 
]8t Lieutenant, May 6th, 1862. Captain, October 24th, 
mi. Captured by Mobby, March 9th, 1863, at Fairfax 
Court House. Killed by guerrillas, at Kelly's Ford, Sep- 
tember 14th, 1863. 

Frank A. Monson, Ist Lieutenant, October 24th, 1862. 
CapUin, September 14th, 1868. Wounded in arm, May 
3d, 1863, at Warrenton Junction. Resigned, July 12th, 1864. 
Albert B. Waugh, 2d Lieutenant from Sergeant, October 
24di, 1862. Ist Lieutenant, September 14th, 1863. Dis- 
charged, Expiration of Term, October 28d, 1864. 
George C. Morton, Captain, July 19th, 1864. 
William H. Whitcomb, 1st Lieutenant from 2d Lieutenant 
Company K, November 14th, 1864. 

Peter McMullen, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Sergeant, No- 
vember 14th, 1864. 

The original men of this company were mostly from New 
York city. Captain Arthur organized the company, and it 
was mustered into the United States service, September 
27th, 1861, at Staten Island, N. Y., by Captain L. S. 
Lamed. It has been in all the engagements of the regi- 
ment. It was detailed, with companies I and K, as Body 
Guard for Qeneral Heintzelman, August 27th, 1862, report- 
ing to the regiment again, with company K, September 
13th, 1862. 

John McEwan, on picket near the Rebel lines, accompa- 
nied and directed General Lee to the house where he held 
his first interview with General Grant, and surrendered his 
army. 

Original number of men, 79 ; whole number, 164 ; men 
killed in action, 4 ; mortally wounded, 1 } wounded, 9 ; 




\\ 




A .^^ n 









I'isSIl' 



jti»- 



i4''i%^S^^M(L^^><rM'^i^-ierti^>J'^m'^^^ •^■**' * 



■&^'» 



ifffi'iJSU 



308 



Historic IIecokds. 



•>it 



& 



number of wouuds, 12; E:en captured, 39; missed in action 
and never heard from, 1 ; died in Rebel prisons, 10 ; died 
of disease, 12; discharged by reason of wounds, 2 ; vete- 
rans, 12 ; veterans remaining, July 18th, 1865, 10 ; vhole 
number of men remaining, 44. 

Company M. 
Ojffirera. 

James P. Foster, Captain, October 1st, 1861. Resigned, 
August 28th, 1862. 

Samuel Ten ^loeuk, 7st Lieutenant, October Ist, 1861. 
Captain, August 28th, 18G2. Died of disease, July 4th, 
1863. 

George S. Clough, 2d Lieutenant, October Ist, 1861. 
Resigned, May 6th, 1862. 

Eugene D. Dimmiok, 2d Lieutenant from 1st Ser^'eaot, 
May 9th, 1862. Ist Lieutenant, August 28tb, 1862. Cap- 
tain, July 4th, 1863. Wounded in right hand, July 6th, 
1863. Discharged by reason of wound, November 6th, 1863. 

Edmund Blunt, Jr., 2d Lieutenant, September 26th, 
1862. Ist Lieutenant, July 4th, 1863. Captain, Novem- 
ber 14th, 1864. Transferred to company I, June, 1865. 

Wilbur F. Oakley, 2d Lieutenant from Isi Sergeant, 
July 4th, 1863. let Lieutenant, November 14th, 1864. 
Captain, January 12th, 1865. 

John Q. Yiall, Captain from 1st Lieutenant company H, 
April 2d, 1864. Appointed Assistant Quartermaster of 
Volunteers, June 18tL, 1864. 

William G. Peckham, Ist Lieutenant from Sergeant 
company E, January 12th, 1865. 

This company was raised by Captain Foster in New York 



. ;S!.:.'-.J.fc-ii 



nant company H, 
Quartermaster of 

i from Sergeant 

ter in New York 



1 



Fifth Nkw York Cavaluy. 



309 



> J missed in action 
1 prisons, 10; died 
■ wounds, 2 ; vete- 
i, 1865, 10; whole 



1861. Resigned, 

October 1st, 1861. 
disease, July 4th, 

cfcobor Ist, 1861. 

Tom Ist Serj'eant, 
J8th,1862. Cap. 
t hand, July 6th, 
vomber 6th, 1863. 
September 26th, 
Captain, Novem- 
I, June, 1865. 
m Isi Sergeant, 
aber 14th, 1864. 



city, and in the counties of Greene and Columbia, and it 
wag mustered into the service of the United States, October 
;]lst, 1861, at Staten Island, N. Y., by Captain A. H. 
Krom. It was escort for General Banks, from August 
28th, 1862, till September 2l8t, 1862, when it reported to 
ihe regiment. 

E. B. Warner had five horses killed under him in action, 
in one day, September 19th, 1864, at Winchester. He 
was not hurt himself 

Sergeant W. H. Whitcomb had two horses killed under 
him in action, and six mortally wounded 

Original number of men, 86; whole n-.mber, 186; men 
killed in action, 2; mortally wounded, 2; wounded, 11; 
number of wounds, 14 ; men captured, 26 ; died in Rebel 
prisons, 7 ; died of disease, 9; killed accidentally, 3; vete- 
rans, 13 ; veterans remaining, July 19th, 1865, 10 ; whole 
number of men remaining, 77. 




^s^^^^-^ 



^^^0^^ 



isi 



iSfc' 



CHAiTEi; 'VHI. 

Complete Roster of the Regiment ; each company giren alpha- 
be. "cally. 

T»ie following abbrevlatlonB are need :— Veterans, by small capitaw ; Priioii- 
or» of War, by the letter a ; Died of disease, by the letter « ; Killed accidentally, 
by the letter e ; Missed in action and never heard from, by the letter d ; Num- 
oer of woimds received in action, by the ngnres 1, 8, 8, Ac. 



Allen, Solomon, 
AUIaou, John, 
Avery, Sdward, 
Bolt, James V., 1. 
Brandt, Qeorge, 
Babby, Justin, a 
Bemhardl, Fred. W., a 
Burke, Tbomae, 
Beanmont, John, a 
Bond, James H., 
Br", Joseph, 
Barwick, Thomas, 
Branch, Kuthvin L., 
Brown, Amos, 3. 
Boyd, William T., a 
Boioi, Tbko. a., 6. a 
Bates, Qeorge, a 
Bradford, Landon, 
Backman, Augustua 
Brlttell, Erwln, 
Bradley, Peter, 
Bibbins, John E., 
Bums, Michael, 



Company A.* 

Boutelle, Frazer A., 
Calvin, Uenry, 
Cavanangh, Jamea, 
Cbadwick. William, 
Crowley, James, 
Catlik, John, a 
Clark, WiUlam. 1 
Coon, Samuel C, 
Crandall, Charles A., 
CbafTeo, Alpheus, b 
Ctuidwick, Francis B,, 
Clooney, John J., 1. 
Cooper, Edward, 
Clinton, Robert, 
Donohne, Patrick, 
Donohuo, James, 
Duncan, Alexander, 
Dougherty, Charles, 
Day, Edgar, 6 
Douglass, John, 
Eldridge, Thomas, 
Fl«mmlugs, David, 
Fiagg, Hubert, 



Freeman, Winiam, 
Farley, James, a 
Goodwin, Rollln C, a 
Qallagher, James H., 1. 
Ulodell, John, 
Oolng, James, a 
Gillefcple, Patrick, 
G< ' 'a-"' niiarles, a 
'. "i , KJiimrd, 
>' ->' '■ ;: JaJdn J., 
. ^ tre >rge A, 
H.. .,,.•- Jr- -■!•, 
Hall, >> , .ninF., a 
Hare, Oomci us, 
Hacket, Uri, 
Hay, Asa, 

Hatks, Hicbacl, 1. a 
Hennessey, William, 
Hathaway, Cl-acies A., 
Holloway, William R, 
Hanberry, John, 
Haesett, William, 
Hallenbeck, 'I'unis, 



' This Company had In all la? Men. 



.' ?>^;=4;^^^5 



SS&iiiE'S*-;, 



.v.i,rt',»^S*i!*S-- », .(atitei^w*.-Sl'i| 



Fifth New Yoek Cavalky. 



311 



ompany giTen alpha- 

f small CAPiTAu ; Pri»oii- 
er b ; Killed accidentally, 
n, by the letter d ; Niuii- 
8, &c. 



Froeman, Winiam, 
^rley, Jamea, a 
Goodwin, Rollln C, a 
Gallagher, Jamea H., 1. 
[ilodell, John, 
QolDg, James, a 
Gillekpte, Patrick, 
QoVv'v niiarlei,a 
; -t)'^. t.jhirard, 
A- X ■■ i, :AJdn J., 
. ^ George A., 
bt. ... Jr .)', 
Hall, ij , -.iilii F., a 
Bare, Oornci. us, 
Backet, Vri, 
Hay, Aaa, 

flATSS, HlCBACL, 1. 

tlenneseey, William, 
flathaway, Cl-aries A., 
Holloway, William R, 
Hanberry, John, 
Hassett, William, 
HalleDbeck, 'I'nnis, 



Haut, Patbiok, a 

IlKKKICK, WlIXlAM, 1. 

Ililnfler, Henry, 
lleilcr, John, a 
llcipklna. Merlin J., a 

llDDaKINfl, JOUN, 

llu|>kiu», William H., 
l»dell, John B., 
Inuulla. Robert, 
irwin, Robert, 
JoueB, Auaon, 1. 
Joues, Luther W., 
Jonen, JnlluB, 
Johnston, Robert, a 
Jeuks, George K., 1. 
Kennpy, Thomas 8., 
Kelley, John, 
Lamport, John H., a 
Leary, Daniel, 
Leddy, Bernard, 
Lively, William H., 
Lougeway, Antolue, a 
Lord, William B., 
Uppan, William H., 
MnKRAT, WujjAJi, a 
Halley, John, a 
HcGkabt, Babtlit, 
Michaels, Charles A., b 
Marron, John, 6 
McCarron, WUUam J., 
Moon, John, 

HcOlTEBiJI, Tboxai, a 
MAauiHK, Cbab. a., 3, 
HcKcon, Arthur, 
McNere, Patrick, 1. a 
Martin, Danixl, a 
McDonald, Jeb., S. a 
Mkrbux, Cuaoiccbt, 



Mailer, Charles, 
Morehouse, Edward A., 
Merrill, Henry, 
Morgan, William, 

MOROAM, OBABLBS, 

Milspaugh, WilUam, 
Mohan, James, 
McCauley, Robert, o 
McCormick, Michael, a 
McCormack, William, 
McDermott, Thomas, 
Mnrphy, WUUam, 
Nell, Arthur, 1. a 
Normati, Merritt, 
Nealo J, Patrick, a 

O'SUAUOUMKSST, PaT., 

O'DoNNiLL, Patbiok, 
O'Connor, Thomas, a 
O'Farreil, James, 
O'Flahbbtt, DiNKiB, a 
O'Brien, John, 
O'Counell, James, 
Otis, Henry, 
Feck, Jeremiah, 
Pierson, William H., 
Pulcipher. William P., 
Pbtebson, John, 
PhlilipB, Christopher, d 
Pierre, Frangols, 
Plunkett, Robert, 
Peet, Edward D., 6 
Rickey, James, 
Ritchie, Thomas, t. 
Bodgem, William, 
Romaine, Constantine, 
Ryan, Peter, 
Reed, Alexander E., 
Ryan, Thomas, 



Ryner, John, 
Stickney, Moses, 
Bimmonds, Chas. F., d 
Bchreldner, George, 
Sinclair, Donald, 
Bmlth, Charles A., 

SOBNCIDCB, CBARLIS, 

Stevenson, John Q., 
SulUran, John, 
Satherland, Charles, 
Sinclair, Robert, 
Smith, David, 
Salter, Alexander, 
Spargl, Francis, 
Taylor, William, a 
Taylor, Alexander, 
Thompson, James, 
Tripp, John, 
Tappan, WUUam H., 
Terbosh, Laancelot B. 
Tyrrell, Beth, d 
Tv'ofi Abel T., 
Van Kirk, Thomas W., 
Van W«rt, Jas. C, b 
Vun Osdale, Lewis, a 
Williamson, George, 
Wandell, Andrew, a 
Wetmore, Dennis, 
Wales, Selden O., 
Wilbur, George F., a 
Wtnn, Jamss, 1. a 
Walksb, Gkobor, 
WInchell, James N., 
Wilson, John, 
Whitiiobb, Albx., 
Woods, WUUam, 
Woods, John, 
Zimmerman, Baldwin, 




•i^m' 



(.««'•■■' 



Pi' 



m 
m 

I 
I 

mi- 

I 
p 



812 



Historic Records. 



Avlst, Henry P., 
Alderdice, Wtlllam, 
Abel, Fredrick, 1. 
Billtngg, Cklvln, 
Brown, William, 
Brsdshaw, Giifit'R. W., 

BUTTEBWUBTH, TBOS., 

Beebv, Chaulbb, 
Bont, Edwards., a 
Bkadin, John, a 
Brown, George, 
Browm, Jomr, 
Burnap, Tracy, 
Balcom, Myron B., 
Burt, Bdmand, Jr., 
Barden, Oscar L., 
Bufnn);ton, Henry P., 
Bufflngtnn, Nathan H., 
Bonxcrlee, John, 
Bradshaw, John, 
BnrriUa, Francis, 
Chambbbs, Jabiz, a 
Cooney, William, 
Crlddle, William, e 
Col<>mBn, Mifihael, 
ChrlHtlan, Robert, a 
Chaffee, Hanson Q., 1. 
Chaffee, Otis H., 
Chaffee, Edwin B., 1. 
Cole, Orlando, 1. 
Cole, Avery, 
Corbin, Levi H., 
Cortes, William, 
Cann, Edward, b 
Cram, Henry, 
ColOn, Oerman, 
Curaher, Peter, 
Carlos, Jotin, 
Collins, Jeremiali, 
Dyke, Jolin, 



Company B-* 

Dewey, Matthew, 
Dillon, John, 
Driscoll, James, 
Denniston, Saml. H., 1. 
Da 'enport, Keyes, 
Doij^herty, William, a 
Decker, Charles, 
Day, Michael, 
Duffcy, James, 
Dana, Henry L., 
Dubois, John B., a 
Depow, Job, 1. 
Dncat, Joseph, Jr. 
Dulrais, Henry, 
Ellis, Charloa, 
Eddy, Albert, 
French, James, 
Ford, William V., a 
Fceney, Thomas, 
Freeman, Hugh, 
FeiyuBon, John H., 
Fowler, John A., 
Fero, Pet«r H., 1. 
Ooggana, John, 
Oabdklle, Obotmi, 1. 
Gorton, Cornelius, a 
Graham, Edward, 1. 
Green, Jackson, 
Green, John, 
Hayes, Charles,' 
Holler, Christian, 
Hank, Edward, 
Hogan, James, 
Horr, John, 

Hntchlns, Simeon, A., a 
Hogle, Martin V., 
Hay, Wellington, 
Hay, William, 
Hannan, James, 
Isaacs, David, 



' This Company had in all 190 Men. 




Jones, Joei, 
Jelley, James, ' 

Kelley, James, a 
King, Lonls, 
Leech, Thomas S., 
Lamarsh, Peter, 
Leno, Thomas, 
Laren, John, 
I«tonr, Joseph, a 
Latonr. Solomon, Jr., 
lAthrop, Mervin, 1. 
Lewis, Cyrus B., 
Lewis, James, 1. a 
Lynch, John, 
Lanney, Patrick H., 
Levy, Bernard, 1. 
Lagnna, Migtiel, 
Miles, SiUs, a 
McChale, Michael, 
McCormick, Robert, 
McXalley, Edward, 
McChale, James, 
McCaw, John, 
McHanns, John, 
HcCarty, James, 
Miller, Amos, 
Morse, John L., a 
MIIId, Francis, 
Martin, Edward A., d 
M4]or, Benjamin, 
Mnrpliy, Daniel, 
More, Adam, 
Mowbray, William R, 
Moran, William, 
Manning, Mortimer F., 
Mahar, Robert, 
Morriseey, John, «' 
Newland, Frandi, 
Northaway, Sraetns, 
Neddo, John U 






..«.,^»/..v 



.•.^■..ai*»»*it- 



roDea, Jmi, 
Jelley, James, ' 

Selley, Jamei, a 
Qng, Loaii, 
^ch, Tbonuw S., 
iJtmsnsh, Peter, 
[<eno, Tbomai, 
Jiven, John, 
Atonr, Joaeph, a 
^toar. Solomon, Jr., 
Athrop, Hervin, 1. 
.cwl», Cyrus B., 
.ewiii, James, 1. a 
•ynch, John, 
•anney, Patrick H., 
-evy, Bernard, 1. 
a^na, Miguel, 
[ties, Silas, a 
luChale, Hlchael, 
:cCormlck, Robert, 
:cNalIey, Bdward, 
cChale, James, 
:cCaw, John, 
icUanuB, John, 
cCarty, James, 
lller, Amos, 
oree, John L., a 
ttlf, Francis, 
artin, Edward A., d 
iioT, Benjamin, 
urphy, Daniel, 
ore, Adam, 
owbray, William R, 
oran, William, 
annlng, Hortlmer F., 
fthar, Robert, 
orrigeey, John, «' 
iwland, Francis, 
irthawsy, Erastns, 
iddo, John B 



;0*feSsfe' 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



313 



O'BlenIa, Charles, 
O'Connell, Lewis, 
O'Donnell, James, 
O'Connell, James, 
Page, WUlUm C, a 
Putnam, Charles K., 
Pbici, Edward, 
Pahlow, EBaMinB E., 
Perrt, Josbpr, 
Place, Armstrong B., 
Pray, John H., 
(|uiun, Joseph, 
Reeves, William P., 
Reed, John, 
Reed, Gorman H., 
Rosenbrock, Joseph, 
Kichnrds, Samuel, 
Koacb, James M., 
Rlx, Silas A., a 
Ranclman, John R., a 
Richards, Thomas, 
Richards, Herman, a 
Rooney, John, a 
Rooney, Michael, 




Statlbt, Ch>s., S. a 
Snyder, Edward, 
Sheardown, J. M., 1. a 
Smith, John S., 1. 
Stewart, Charles, 
. SAMPsoir, WuxiAM H., a 
Surprise, Nelson, it 
Scafe, Robert, 
Smith, Amos B., 
Stafford, John, 1. 
Scully, William, 
Son, William H., 
Strong, Harvey J., 
Smith, George T., 
Smith, Edmund, 
Seddlnger, James, 
Schorry, Jacob, 
Sauerwein, Alliert, 
Shugare, Daniel, 1. 
Tonnerhlll, James, 
TiBRNBT, Patrick, 
Updyke, John R., 
Ward, Edward, 



Walsh, William, 
Waghom, Jotm. 3. a 
Whalen, James, 
Wood, Oscar, 
Wliklns, David, 1. 
Welsh, Andrew, 
Waggoner, George, 
Walsh, Jaius, 
Whaley, George T., b 
Winch, Clark, 1. 
Wilbur, WIUlB, 1. <5 
Whipple, EliBha W., 
Whipple, Frank, 
Wheeler, Ellas W., 
Williamson, William, 
Whitaker, Aaron, 
Walsh, James, 
Wayne, William, 
Walker, Charles H., 
Westerfield, Charles, 1. 
West, William, 
Young, John, 
Young, WUllam, 1. d 



,,%#-'f 



,.:(!#!»»**' 



314 



Historic Kecords. 



ANDBRtlON, ROBIST 8., 

AdHinH, JanieB, 
BatcRoD, John, 
BakeniAo, William H., 
Brothers, Charles, a 
Blrtiell, Abner, 
BillliigR, Calvlo, 
Bureau, Joseph B., a 
BUROEM, A. D., 1. a 
BucKLxr, JORX, 1. 
Brennan, William, 1. 
Bogue, Fred S., a 
Barry, ■William. 
BIgelow, Ephralm, d 
BIgclow, Henry, b 
Beardsley, William P., 
Browu, Charleti, 
Curtis, B. N., 
CovrKB, Hiciuni, 
Clarke, James W., 
Cooklln, Oardner, 1, a 
Crolghton, William, 
Cooper, Louis, 
Caldccott, Joseph, 
Church, Charlea L., a 
Campbell, Levi C, 
Cavanangh, Joseph, 
Caple, Elijah, 
Clare, Simon, 
Duvall, Robert H., 
Doty, George W., 
Douglass, Joseph, 
Dailey, Anthony, 
Doyle, Cornelius, 
Doyle, James, 
Drlscoll, John, 
Donohue, Florence, 
Dovoe, John, 
Dudley, John, 
Durand, Ferdinand, 



Company C* 

Doslletz, Fellr, 1. 
Evans, Jok.j W., a 
Flitchard, George, 
FarroU, James, 
Fuller, Perclval, 
Fitch, Edward H., a 
Falrchlld, Uenry, 
Fbkntkr, Tuomas, 
Ferris, Almon F., 
Finan, Patrick, a 
Flnley, Martin, b 
Graham, Robsbt W., 
Geratt, Phiup J., 
Gaffuey, Philip, 
Greenwood, Wlllbun, 1. 
Grugoire, Himla, 
Gardner, John, 
Haley, Michael, 
Hnlley, MIchsel, 
Ilodge, ('harles, 
Ilogan, Philip, 
Hickok, George C, 1. a 

nARFKB, ROBKRT, 1, 

Hogan, Patrick, 

HoWABD, HlOHABL, a 
QiailLAHD, Jamkb, 
Hayes, Timothy, c 
Haley, Michael, 
Hurley, Daniel, 
Holdrtdge, William, 
HIckey, William, 
Hand, Lanrence, a 
Hill, Henry, 
Hughes, Michael, 
Harrington, Philip, 
Johnson, Charles, 
Jones, David, 
Jones, William, a 
Jeandro, Elijah, 
Keefe, Edward, 



King, Theodore, 
KIstner, John, 1. 
Ketchum, Charles, b 
Kelley, William, 
Kamahan, Patrick, a 
Kenney, Patrick, 
Leeney, George, a 
LEAnrr, William, 1, 
Leonard, Bartholomew, 
IJncoln, Patrick ^, a 
Lucas, Jobn C, 
Lauray, George C, 
Lncha, John, a 
Lahne, Napoleon, a 
Murphy, MIciiael, r 
Meagher, John, 
Martin, Edward, 
Michaels, James, a 
Morrell, Isaac, 
Mornemeut, Mark D., 
Meade, Sylvester, S. a 
Montgomery, Thomas, o 
Manor, William, a 
Miller, Rockwell D., d 
Moore, Orlando, 1. 
:.Iorau, Edward, 
Mead, Edward, b 
Mitchell, Thomas, 
Mack, Michael, 
Marshall, Miltoa C, 
Mason, George, 
McCormick, Willlaro, 
McCoy, Alleu B., 
McComb, James, b 
McKlssIck, David, 
McCAin.ET, OWKN, 1. a 
McNijLTT, Owen, 7. a 
McGlade, Joseph, 
McLane, John, 
McDade, James, 1. 



* This Company had In all 166 Men. 



\.^t'^^tX-'--'^-:%^^Vl^^ ■ •■ 



Fifth New York Cavalky. 



815 



J, Theodore, 
ner, John, 1. 
chum, Charles, b 
ej, WUIlam, 
AH4if, Patiucx, a 
ney, Patrick, 
ley, George, a 
DBT, WlIXIAV, 1, 

lard, Bartholomew, 
oin, Patrick Q., a 

k», JOBN C, 

ay, George C, 
la, John, a 
le. Napoleon, a 
[ihy, Michael, r 
gher, John, 
TIN, Edward, 
laels, Jame«, a 
-ell, Isaac, 
lemeut, Mark D., 
le, Sylvester, S. a 
tgomery, Thomas, « 
)r, William, a 
tr. Bock well D., d 
V, Orlando, 1. 
u, Edward, 
1, Edward, b 
lell, Thomas, 
:, Michael, 
hall, MUtoii C, 
>n, George, 
jrmick, Willlaro, 
>y, Alleu B., 
)mb, James, b 
Issick, David, 
LUI.ET, 0WI!N, 1. a 
JLTT, OWBN, 7. d 

ade, Joseph, 
me, John, 
kde, James, 1. 



McNeamey, Charles, 
HcOrath, William, 
Norman, Adeodat, 
Norman, Edward, 

NOBTBTT, WlIXlAM H., 

Newton, Horace, 
Nolan, Thomas, 
oMcara, Daniel, 
O'Connor, Timothy, 
O'Connor, Patrick, 
Owen, Leonard, Jr., a 
P«i«e, Henry W. 
I'erty, James, e 
I'TRis, Uenrt, a 
Qi'iNuiN, Patrick, 
KIckcrts, John B., 
Rlckerti, Harvey H., 
Kensing, Bgnotc, 1. 
litymer, Fredrick, a 
Riches, James II., 
Ttoach, William. 
Reynolds, Thomas, 
Bock, John, 



Riley, Martin, 1. 
Riche, Ix>nis, 1. 
Stananaught, Richard, 
Smith, Sherman U., 
Smith, Jolin, 
Smith, John, 
Smith, William ?., a 
Smith, George W., 
Smith, James, 
Stinson, George, 
Sackett, Edmand, a 
Southard, Matthew, a 
Sawtbr, Frio M., 1 
Shea, John, 
Stein, John, 1. a 
Snyder, John, 
BhsUey, Thomas, 
Spaoldtng, Nelson W., 
Soper, Briggs, 
Schoolcraft, Perry, 1. 
Shaver, Samuel M., 
Sketton, John, 
BuUlvan, James, 



Tiflkny, Patrick, a 
Taylor, John W., 
Tench, James, a 

TiLBSTOM, ARTRUBT., 

Titus, WUIlam H., 
Touhill, John, 
'Van, Nicholas, 
'Vreclond, James, 
Wr' lit, Aaron, 1. 
Willard, Charies W„ 
Wilbur, George H., 
Wilter. WUIlam, 
Whittemoro, Be^J. M., a 
Wissells, George, 
WlUiams, Charles, 
Weaver, Charles, 
Whaien, Michael, 
Withers, John, a 
WUUams, John, 
Wescott, Brastu, 
Wood, James, 
Whitney, Oeois*, 





20 



.»*"■ 



;:i:,ii-^i'"'' 



i'5 






816 



Historic Records. 



s 



ffl. 



Alberty, Jamea F., 
Armstrong, James n., 
Angellne.Michael, 
Allen, Alonzo F., 
Appleby, Uenry J., 1. 
Adams, Joseph, 
ilnsh, Thomas, 
Billings, peury C, 
Bellows, Qeorge H., 
BalUrd, Geoige W., 
Btngham, Charles K., a 
BowuiB, Patrick, 1. 
Barber, Edmnnd, 1. 
Bakeman, William H., 
Bennett, Edwin, 
Bnnn, Oeorgo A., 
Brooks, Keaben, 
Collins, Thomas, 
Courtney, John C, a 
Cnrran, John C, 
Chaffee, Wilson, b 
Cady, Michael, 
Chapman, Tarquin, a 
C'rltchley, Kdward, 
Cadwcll, Jerome, 
Colo, John P., 
Caixanan, Jib. J., 1. 
Ciuoamon, C. H., 1. a 
Cinnamon, Pbtsb, 
Cook, Ira J., 
Caroli, Frederic, 
Cringer, David E., 6 
Cardelle, Samuel, 
Davis, Henry, 

DUNIOAN, MiOHABI., a 

Duren, Henry M., 
Dovoe, Comelins, a 
Elliott, John H., 
Eastman, Cuarlrs h., 
Fancier, Thomas, 



Company D.* 

Fox, Thomas,* 
Geary, Michael, 
GRKSuir, 8. H., 1. a 
Gallagher, Patrick, a 
Grosvenor, Charles H., 
Goyette, John, 
Oarrow, James, 

QBEBNLBAr, CiLAS. H,, 

Hurlbert, Ira O., 
Hants, John G., Jr., 
Hathaway, William, 
IIeisskii, Robiht, 

HURUIIRT, GlOBOB E., 

HoKiRK, Obobub B 
Higgins, Peter, a 
Ileam, Joseph, 
Hastings, Edward, a 
Hazleton, Norman, a 
Hard, Henry, a 
Jordon, Walter, 
Jandrew, Francis, 1 
Kenwell, Richard, a 
Kelley, Patrick, 
Lee, James, 
Lester, Oharies F., 
Laspen, Germanio, 
Llndee, Francis, d 
Latham, Joseph, 
Langdon, John, 
Lanlgar, John, 
Lather, Allen D., 
Lynch, Thomas, a 
Marehall, WlUiam H., 1. 
Matthews, Peter, 
HoiTATT, Jambs, 
Mahoney, Dennis, 1. a 
Matthews, Charios, a 
Murphy, Michael J.. 
Malone, Edward, 
Morehouse, Frank, a 



McDormott, John, 
M'Olnluy, J«». A.A.n 
McCarthy, Patrick, b 
McSweeney, Engcne, a 
McGovem, Peter, 1. a 
McNeil, John T., 
McDuugall, Horace, 
McCoy. Thomas, 
Newell, Nelson M., a 
Ortman, Henry, 
Preston, Edwin, b 
Preston, Homan, 
Perry, Abraham, 
Preble, Clark, 
Pitcher, William, 
Pinkham, Andrew, a 
Pierce, Henry C, 1. 
Perry, Arthnr, a 
Pbllbtt, Hbnbt H., 
Pbrkinb, Ransom A., 
Parris, George W., 
Quinu, John, 1. a 
Riley. Thomas, 
Ross, Thomas H., 
Rhine vault, Orman, a 
RIloy, Patrick, 
Randall, A. M., 
Reed, James W., b 
Retnolss, Thomas, 
Rogers, Harman, a 
Bhearer, Sanford L., a 
Stone, Henry, a 
Smitb, Hibak a., 5. d 

BUIXITAN, MiCHAXL, 

Smith, James, d 
Smith, Nelson, 
Smith, Henry J., 
Scrtpter, Cyril E., a 
SuLUTAN, John, a 
Saunders, Reuben, a, i 



• This Comiiany had in all 161 Men. 



^ *-«s^ 



f cDormott, John, 
ilcdlnlcy, J«». A.. 1. n 
IcCarthy, Patrick, b 
IcSweeney, Eagene, a 
IcGoTern, Peter, 1. a 
IcNell, John T., 
[cDougalt, Ilorace, 
[cCoy. Thomas, 
fewoll, Nulson M., a 
rtman, Henry, 
reaton, Edwin, b 
reiton, Iloman, 
erry, Abrnham, 
reble, Clark, 
Itcher, WiUlam. 
Inkham, Andrew, a 
lerce, Ilenry C, 1. 
erry, Arthnr, a 

tLLSTT, HlNBT H., 
RRIUHB, IUn*OX a., 

irriB, Oeorg^ W., 
ainu, John, 1. a 
lley. Thumaa, 
088, Thomaa H., 
tiinevaalt, Orman, a 
lloy, Patrick, 
indall, A. M., 
eed, Jamea W., b 
ETNOLOB, Thomas, 
tgera, Harman, a 
learer, Sanford L., a 
one, Henry, a 
QTB, HiBAX A., 6. a 
ILUTAN, HiCHAXL, a 

lith, James, d 
ilth. Nelson, 
iltb, Henry J,, 
ripter, Cyril E., a 
iLUTAM, John, a 
nnders, Beuben, a, b 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



Sheebey, William, a 
Stone, Fred. B., (i 
Schermerhom, K. L., a 
8chermerhom, Peter, a 
Schaltz, Henry, e 
!(lnne, Oardner, 
Tuflleld, Labare, 
Tcrliune, John J., 
Tnieey, Eira B., 
TiiERMCT, John, a 

TOBIN, MiCHAIL, a 

Ttnner, James H., 
Taylor, Robert, a 
Tucker, John, a 



Trendon, John B., 1 
TucI, David, 
Talnter, Charies, 
Thomas, Highland, 1. a 
Underhlll, Frederick, 
Van Valkenburgh, U., 
Van Orman, William D., 
Van Marter, William W., 
Van Harter, Alh«d A., a 
Vanghn, John, 
Walsh, Jamis, a 
Walsh, John, a 
Wasbbnm, Albert, i 
White, Jamea, 



White, Joel J., 
Wright, Charles, 
Williams, John P., a 
Watkins, William W., 
Wyatt, DaTid K., 
Watson, William, a 
Watson, John, 1. 
Washbnm, NichoUa, a 
Wheeler, Garry D., 
White, Addison D„ 1. <f 
Wales, Rnssell, 
Wamor, Ebenezer, 
Welsh, Thomaa, 
Goodrich, Warren D. 






8#-' 




818 



IIlSTOBIO RbCORDS. 



Abbott, Libkitt C, 
Avrrat, Botal Q., a 
Auitlu, Flank, 
AuzAMDia, B., 1. a 
AtUmi, Leonard, 
Aldricb, Annon, 
Andrew*, Ellas N., 
Ileardaley, Charlea B., 
Bamnm, Godfrey, Jr., 
Balgard, Edward, 
BIzby, Daniel C, a 
Boyle, James, 
Blood, Aognstas C, 
Bronson, Lafoyette, 
Berdan, Albert, 
Bennett, Lyman H., 
Bennett, Hilton H., 
. Bcardsley, Charles W., 
Brown, Ell P., b 
Hrown, George R., b 
Brown, Ueury C, 
Byinoton, R. N., 1. 
Bnrke, John, 
Broniion, Frank, 
fioylBlon, Edgar 0., 
Breunan, John, 
Bernard, Jnlea, 
Chase, Jamis H., 1. 
Campbell, Dennis, a 
Cnff, Charles, 
Crowley, James, 
Clark, Fred J., a 
Crawford, Rochester W., 
CnmpbeU, Owen, 
Dragon, Frank, 
PavU, Leroy F., 
Dcvanna, John H., 
Dolph, Aaron, 
Dolph, Joseph, 
Dickinson, D. R., b 



Company E.* 

Dye, William P., 
Dye, EUm 8., 

DlCKIKBOM, FoaTBH, 1. 
DaTIS, WlLUAM U., 1 

Davis, L. Uberto, 
Dillon, Michael, 
Batoh, Aaron 0., 

EaTOM, WlUiAM A., a 

EnaAN, CmusTiAN, 1. 
Ehinan, Fred J., Jr., a 
Ehman, Jeremiah, 
Elliott, William J., 
Euber, Lewis, 
KItch, John P., 
Flak, Frank, b 
FiLKiNS, Isaiah V., a 
FoBD, 8hbr>ah K., 1. 
Gould, Adelbert E. 
Gallup, Joseph O., 
Gallup, Gordon, 
Gleason, Jonathan, 
Gordon, Jefferson T., 
Granger, James, 
Hams, Edward, b 
Heady, John, 7. 
Bahoe, John, 
ntles, Francis, 
Uuestls, John, 
Hall, Archibald, S. 
Hall, WiUlam, 
Hamilton, John B., 
Hnssey, John, 
Howard, William, 
Johnson, Emstns, 
Jabert, James, 
Jackson, William, a 
Jackson, Andrew, a 
King, Joshua, 
King, Reuben T., 
Keyes, Orson S., a 



Katun, BuiuiBB S., 
Kennedy, John 0., 
Leslie, William J., 
Laromy, Bartomie, 
Lawrence, Hiram M., 
LItynskI, Joseph, 
Lakb, OcoRaB W., 
Lollls, John E., 
Lamarsh, Charles, 
Leiser. John, a 
Long, George, 
Marsh, Daniel W., 
Merrtman, Daniel B., 
Merrlman, D. W., 
Morris, Charles A., 1. 
MiNKB, Chas, a., I. e 
Miner, Henry, a 
Miner, Cornelius W., 
HoBOAN, James K., 1. 
Monroe, Henry W., 1, 
Morris, Edward L., 
Maloney, Michael, . 
Montz, William, 
Mulligan, John, 1. 
Mortimer, Henry, b 
Magai, Johannis, 
Hahia, Charles, b 
Mackey, Patrick, « 
Hasten, Paul, 
Myott, Oliver, 
Moran, John, I. 
MachUng, Debold, 1. a 
McMin.uni, Chabucs, 
HcELastnniT, A. J., 
McGrolgan, Charles, 
McCallon, George, a 
Newtoh, Cbas. M., 1. 
Nash, Halcom H., 
Olmsted, Franklin, 
Osborn, Joseph R., a 



* This Company had in all 1U9 Hen. 



LiixK, Bcmm K., 
mnedy, John C, 
■lie, WUlikm J., 
romy, Bcrtomle, 
wrence, Oiram M., 
tynekl, Jo«eph, 
KB, QCOMI W., 
Ilia, Jobii K., 
morsb, Cbtrlet, 
Iter, John, a 
ng, Oeorife, 
nh, Daniel W^., 
irlman, Daniel K, 
rrlman, D. W., 
rrls, CUrle* A., 1. 
jr«B, Cha*. a., 1. e 
ner, Henry, a 
ler, Cornelioa W., 
ROAN, Jaui K., 1. 
nroe, Henry W., 1. 
rrls, Edward L., 
loney, Michael, . 
lU, William, 
lligan, John, 1. 
•timer, Henry, b 
;ai, Johannlt, 
ila, Charlea, b 
key, Patrick, e 
ten, Paul, 
)tt, Oliver, 
an, John, 1, 
:hling, Debold, 1. a 
Awixtt, Chablzs, 
ifl«KNBT, A. J., 
trolgan, Charles, 
'allon, George, a 
rTOH, Chai. H., 1. 
b, Halcom H., 
8ted, Franklin, 
>rn, Joseph R., a 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



819 



Porter, John C, 
Filmer, Alonio, 
Pierce, Cnrtla B.. !■ 
Peiinei, Francli, 
P»CKHA«, W. O., 1. 
Paokabd, LomK F., !• 
Paddock, Bo«w«ll A,, I 
Pabcblui, T., 1. o 
Rew, Hn/roK D., a 
Rew, Newton 0., 1, a 
liatbbone, John, 
Raaey, LorencoU, 
Rubertaon, J. Kllphalet, 
Ryan, John A., a 
Richard!, Godftay, 
Rlcbardi, Thomaa B., 
RobertMm, Alex. L., 



Btaanton, Henry, 

SORTORI, SAMimL W., 

BoRToiia, Hamtoro H., 
Sortore, John D., 
Sortore, Blliba, 
Swart, FRAmtuir 9., 
, Btrait, Matthbw, S. a 
Bnow, Andrew J., 1. 
Beaman, Henry, 
Bherrer, Henry, 
Spencer, Aaaliel A., 
Smith, Lafliyette 0., 
Thoiowon, a. B., a 
Tbraix,, Eownr, a 
Thrall, Ira, 
Trowbridge, John B., 1. 



Tonrrtllon, Adolph, 
Uftrohotr, B. T., ». a 
Vsnderrtlle, John. 1. 
Whipple, Walter, 
Woodward, Jacob, 

WOODRUW, JOHH B., 
WoRTBUtOTOIl, L. U., a 
Woi^corr, Datid F., 
Watuuiousr, W. H., a 
Walsh, Michael, 
Wood, John L., 
Well, John, 
Wells, Richard M., 
Wemette, PanI, a 
Williams, Bdwin 0., 
WllUa,JamM, 








viJW***' 



iM^M^' -^j«iSSSS&*>fe^--^'*« .>*^<^*^ A'^-x'^-' *" 



n.^'m^$^>!>pimmw,»'i^wi;s&^^ 



820 



IIiBTORio Records. 



fej?i 



Atiatln, Merritt, a 
Arnold, Corrtogton F., 
Aztetl, Jdneph, 
Acklor, Wtlltiun v., 
Aiken, Iloraco, 
Atwood, HIlM H., 1. 
Ayleiwortb, C. 0« K., 
Aiken, WiUUm, 
Arnold, Addison C, 
Baker, SamDel, 
Bush, Amos, 
BaUit, Homnel, 
Benton, ThomM, 
Butler, Hamtioi, 
Brand, Clurleii, 
B'loor, Charlet, 
Babcock, Samuel, 
'B«m, Alunzo, a 
Bkldvrin, LTtnan, 
Bbown, Wiluam J., 
Brown, Ira, 1. 6 
Brown, John, 
Bernard, John W., a 
Brooka, Ilenry J. a 
Bennett, Wlnant H., a 
Brady, John R., 
Brink. Perley, 
BrlRter, Elijah, 1. 
BrUler, Ira, 
Bagley, Avory E., 
Bostwick, Jndaon, 
BInke, WllUam, 1. 
Bullock, Samuel, 
Briggs, William K., b 
Benaon, Peter, 
Bngley, Daniel E., 
Cumminga, Nelaon B., 
Conlon, John, a 
Carney, Philip, a 
Clark, Theodore, 



Company F.* 

Carl, Frank W., 
CaUln, Thomaa N.. t 
CnA*aT, UmMMm ^., 
Clark, Nelaou, 
Cnig, Jotm, 
Churchill, Homer, 
CuggcD, Joseph, 1. 
ClauB, John W., 
Co'ilatoo, WilUun 0., 
Cralfi, John, 
Clongh, Clarence H., 
Curtia, Henry, e 
Davli, WtUUm, 
Dodge, Ooorga W., 
Doulon, Th' «, a 
Davanna, i, U 

Daries, V , 

De Mott, . .., 1. a 

Dennta, George W., b 
De La Loaa, Yaldro, e 
Sari, Hinun U., a 
Bpaal, Qabriol F., 
Eogalla, Peter, a 
Edwards, Albert, 
Enaign, Nelaon, 

FCLUm, COLONIL, 

Freeman, Poter B., 
Fowler, Illckson A., 
Fowler, William U., 
Freeman, James, 
Ferris, John P., 
Gregg, Jolin, a 
Galnsha, Waterman, a 
Griffith, Lucini, 
Galplu, William, 1. 
Goodale, Ezra M., 
Graves, Pliny A., 
Hogan, James, 
Hanley, Michael, 
Hooper, John, 



HaTM, John W., 

BAtLmWARTR, P.. a 
Uatton, WnUam B., a 
nawley,WU]lBm, a 
Holmes, John, 
Hawley, Erarett A., 1 
Harrington, Charles U., 
Ilurlburt, Riley A., 
Haeatla, Franl^ 
Hai:, Warren A., 
ToNM, John B., 1. a 
Jackson, Jokx W., a 
Jeffrey, John K., 1. 
Jenkins, George H., 1, 
Jackson, Francis A., 
Knowlton, Clark C, a 
Kinney, Edward, 
Kimball, Horton, a 
Leek, Horace F., 
Logan, Charles H., 
Lawrence, George D., 
Lntlier, Asa, a 
Levria, Charles, 
Leiloua, Henry, 
HcMuxAH, D. J., fl. 
Hcitlllan, John, B., a 
HcQowan, James, 
HcDonald, Bernard, 
Moroy, William C, 
Horoy, Homer A., 
MooRB, Jakm, 
Hoore, Wallace, 1. 
Moore, Franklin B., a 
MadUon, John, 
Meade, AJonzo H,, 1. 
Mullen, William, 
Metcair, A. Jndson, 
Metcair, George, 
Morton, Henry A., 
Moore, Victroy, 



* This Company had in all 180 Men. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



321 



m», John W., 
iLmwAnTB, P., a 
iton, WllUam B., a 
vl«r,-WUlUm, a 
mot, John, 
tiej, KT«reU A., t 
rlugton, Chiu-lM U., 
Iburt, Riley A., 
latia, Frank, 
!, Warren A., 
u, John B., 1. a 
K«oN, iroHX W., a 
tej, John K., 1. 
kinii, George H., 1, 
Icaon, Fraud! A., 
)wlton, Clark C, a 
ney, Edward, 
ibsll, Horton, a 
k, Horace F., 
nn, Charlei H., 
rrence, George D., 
ber, Asa, a 
rli, Charles, 
QUI, Henry, 
11IU.AS, D. J., fl. 
mUao, John, B., a 
lowan, Jamea, 
)osiaId, Bomard, 
«y, William C, 
Dy, Homer A., 
na, Jakm, 
ire, Wallace, 1. 
)re, Franklin B., a 
lUon, John, 
de, Alonzo H,, 1. 
len, WlUiam, 
•M, A. Jadaon, 
calf, George, 
ton, Henry A., 
ire, Vlctroy, 



Mnpea, William W., 
Murpm, Daniel, 
Mniiteraon, Jamea, 
Mlllnr, Jacob, 
NIeman, William H., o 
Nimrae, Alfred W., 
Niiiton, Samnel K., 
Mihola, Wallace, 
Nufh, Orvln D., 
0<h<)m, Calvin W., 8. a 

Oedcn, William, 

Oliver, Jadaon S., a 

Olnpy, Marvin, 

I'rini, Kwald, 

Vslmcr, Henry, 

Pctpraon, Mahlon J., 1. 

Pnrklna, Samuel 8. 

Fettle, Ralph, 6 

Prince, Henry A., 

Pickett, William B., 

PbATT, KtJOBNB, 8. a 

Porter, Charlea H., 
Pettia, Zepbanlah, 
Plnney, Henry A.. 



Parka, William U., 
Pratt, Gardner, 1. 
Partridge, Heneklah D , 
Portler, Kralle, 1. 
Poyer, Henry, 
Roff, John F., 
Rtchardaon, Charlea H., 
Riley, John, 
Rogera, Edward A., 1. 
Hathbone, George D., 
Hhodea, Jnllna D., 
SOWKBtBT, Wm. W., 
Smith, Victor D., 6 
Smith, Peter W., 
Smith, Walter C 
Stewart, HoeeaB., 
Saylea, William > 
Stevena, Victor M., 
Stilea, Addlaon D., 
Steama, Rolltn A., 
Snmner, Byron, a 
TBOHAt, Cbaxum B., 
Tntblll, Jamea H., 



rracey, Walter J., 
Tollea, Edward D., 
Tollea, Ralph N., <J 
Tallmaa, Frank, 
Updyke, Nelaon, 
Wallo, Darwin, 
WIckham, Jamea B., 
Whitmnrah, Kniatna, b 
Wight, Marvin, a 
WlOHT, DAwmL, a 
Wnlla, MIlea, 

WHITHBT, CnAHLKS, a 

Whitney, Ellaha, 
Whitlock, Thaddena K., 
Wl! ., LnkeS., 
Wella, Georg*, o 
Wella, William H., a 
Wllcoi, Charlea F., 
White, Andrew J., a 
White, Henry, 
Waterman, Nelaon E., d 
Toanga, Silaa A., 
Zahler, Mlcholas, 



■;*'v 



v' ,'!: 



n >' 



I 



, -,*^^*w%'y^^fM*5*-' 



, sj-^A, ^ f 



i 



HI 



822 



Historic Recobds. 



I; 



Adamg, Williiim, a 
AniU, Frederic D., 
Addorley, Jamen. 
Byron, Theophlloi, 
Bowden, William, 
Italify, David, a 
Bailey, MMIHsm V., a 
BllTANT, Jamkc, a 
BiTMAK, William, 

BOVEB, BoDKBr, 

Babnby, Aluin, 
BAHNim, N. W., 8. a 
BnAiNABD, H. £., a 
Bamen, Bnger.e B., a 
Banner, Philip H., 
BroolclnB, Fred O., 
Bnfflngton, Channcey, 
' Bidwell, JoJ>n W., 1. a 
Billinga, Jamea 9. 
Ca»e, noaston h., 
ConrtwrlgJit, Richard, a 
Cai>w>.ll, Eobbbt B., 
Conlon, Peter, a 
Campbell, Philip, 
Clarlc, David A., . 
Cox, AnguRtaa, 
Cnrry, John, 
Camp, W. nABBignr, 
Cabpkntbb, Rybon R., 
Culver, Lewis J., 9. 
Dunn, Michael, 
Dinbrabt, Robbbt, 
DiNEBABT, Jab, a., 8. 
Devine, John, 
Davis, Henry T., o 

DatISON, EflBBBT, 

Dooij^N, Timothy, a 
Dobimhb, Theodobk, 
DiNQMAN, John, 
Dan»u, John L., 



Company G.* 

Daro, Chadnckt, b 
Dx TnoMPaoN, Oko. E., 
Doyle, John, a 
Dlngman, Ahram, 
Fverett, James H., 
Evans, John, S. 
Fox, Jefferson, 1. 
Falrrhtld, Mason A., 
Fabnhax, Oscab E., a 
Fuller, Corydon, 
Forsyth, Augustus, 
Foster, Johnson, a 
Fnmhnm, Charles P., a 
Gatefield, Edmund M., 
Grant, James, 
Grkkn, Wmni.sB C, 9. 
Obibn, Stkphkn D., 
Qordon, Samuel, d 
Green, Calvin E., 
Goodwin, Edward H., a 
Horgan, John. 
Hlbbard, Ku,rard, 
Hoyt, Andrew J., 1. 
Hayden, Alben, B., 
Hunt, James, 
Hnlett, Benjamin A.. 
Hulett, Abram H., a 
Hazen, Alfred B., 
Hazkn, John H., a 
Johnson, Horace P., 
Knuppeubnrg, John, 1. 
Enigbt, WnxuM H., a 
Kbohn, Phiup, a 
Knapp, Joseph, ft 
Lane, David, 1. 
Lane, Cherter J.. 1. 
Lloyd, John, 
Lowe, William T.L, 1.0 
Lynch, Stephen, 
Markham, Chester C, b 



Mooney, John, c 
Moran, William, 
McBride, John, 
Harkell, James, 
Marikle, James, 
Mallory, James, 3. a 
Meddangh, George, 
MsUoty, Warren, 1, o' 
Noble, Asa S., 

WOBTON, CTBUS B., 

Nareh, Marvin A., 
Narsh, John W., 
Overocker, DeWitt C, a 
Osborne, Richard, 
PntBcx, Chablbs T, 8., 
Payne, George, a 

PuLLABO, JkMES M., 1, 

Phblfs, CHARues A., 
Phelps, John H., 
Phelps, Jeremiah W., 
Phelps, Theodore A., 
Prince, George H., 
Qninn, John, 
Rowley, James, 
Roberta, Lnclus, d 
Rush, Richard, 
Ryan, Philip, a, 
Roberts, Philemon, 
Rhlnevault, 8. P., 
Romans, George H., a 
Russell, Ralph L., 
Rogers, Martin 8., 1. a 
Steele, Seth A., b 
Smith, Schuyler F., a 
Smith, John, 
Shaw, WlllUm, 
SpArroBD, Abuah, 
Sullivan, Daniel, b 
Snow, George W., 
Spencer, Nathan 0., 



* This Company bad in all 166 Men. 



Fifth Nkw York Cavalry. 



828 



joney, John, 4, 
Dran, WUlUm, 
:Bride, John, 
irkell, Jamet, 
irikle, Junet, 
lUory, Jameg, 3. a 
^dangh, G«orge, 
iUor7, Warren, I. a' 
>ble, Asa S., 
>RTON, Ctbus B., 
ireh, Marvin A., 
ir»h, John W., 
ferocker, DeWltt C, a 
borne, Richard, 

CSCS, CnABLKB T. 8., 

yne, George, a 
iLLARO, JkMia M., 1, 
[KLF8, CHARUeS A,, 

lelps, John H., 
elp«, Jeremiah W,, 
olp«, Theodore A., 
ince, Qeorge H., 
linn, John, 
iwley, James, 
>bert«, Lnclna, d 
i8b, Richard, 
an, Philip, 9, 
bertg, Philemon, 
linevanlt, 8. P., 
imana, Qeorge H., a 
meell, Ralph L., 
gero, Martin 8., 1. a 
sele, Seth A., 6 
lith, Schnyler F., a 
lith, John, 
aw, William, 
4rroBD, Abuah, 
Ulvan, Daniel, b 
ow, Qeorge W., 
encer, Nathan 0., 



SotiAwick, Qeorge, 
Taylor, Benjamin V., 
TlKRIHT, Jo««PH, a 
Trum, John, a 
Thorn, John, 
Turner, William, a 
Towiier, Lent H., f 
Thompson, I»!aic M., 
Vincent, William B., b 
Van Marter, F. W., 
Van Mabtrb, J. C, 1, 
Vandirhabk, LnoAB, 



Vandermark, Natlian, 1. 
Vandbrmabk, John, 
Van WiNKLB, C. O., 
Wrioht, John H., a 
Wn-ooi, Chablm R., a 
Wn^oT, Btron G. a 
Wbmb, Josbpb, a 
Whits, Pbtib H., 1," 

WniTB, LOBKNEO, 

Wbitb, Hbnbt v.. 
White, Barney H., 
White, Charlea, 



WWte, Amoa, 
White, Squire, 
Wilson, John A., b 
Williams, John A., 
Witter, John, B., 
Witter, William A., a 
Witter, William, 
Wintibld, Hbnbt, 
Weston, Nathan, S. 
Wiggins, Frank, 
Wright, William, 




:a,*Saaaa5feai^^i8^tt«^^ " 



i;iil!!#^** 



824 



Historic Records. 



Andrews, Thonuc, 
BriKlln, Pntrick, 
Bottnmly, Wtlilam, 
Beobe, CsWn L., 

nARXER, El.HKR J., i. 

Brydkn, Jaxss, 1. 
Bakkr, GsoBes A., 1. 
Baker, Rosseix. W., 
BnowN, Wkslit, a 
Barrows, Wltllam, 
Boudrye, Charles A., 
Barton, M'tlliam H., 
Baker, Fayette H., 1. a 
Baker, Caleb C, 
Oarrett, Alvin, a 
Barber, William N., 
Barber, George D., 
Black, George, 
Blgelow, Amos, 
Brittell, Gay, 
Baker, George W., 
Benedict, Jonas A., b 
Bnrlingame, Henry H., b 
CkunrET, Jaxcs, 
Ctrkindajx, Waltsb, 
Cnrtls, Charles W., S. 
Cornell, Oliver T., 
Chlllson, Charles N., 1. 
Cook, William II., 1. 
Culver, Coolidge B., 
Carr, Dnransie 8., a 
Connor, John, d 
Chaffee, Rnftas A., a 
Conway, John, 
Conway, John, Jr., 
Oronk, Abram, 
Davis, WiujAit, 
Dtckerson, Nelson 11., 
Decatur, Samuel 0., 
Dawes, Oraon J., 



Company H.* 

Durno, John P., 
Dnmo, George C, a 
Dn Chene, George C, 1. 
Dnnlap. Robert A., a 
Dolbeck, Cloophas, 
Darling, Truman, 
Dwinelle, Nehemlah B., 
Daniels, Andrew J., 
Drake, Orlando, 
Davis, Almeron, a 
Edwards. R,..","Tt W. 
Ellis. Richard R., 
Elliott, Robert, 
Fuller, Nelson, e 
Ferby, John, 
FtTLUtR, Warren R., 1. 
French, John C. C, a 
Folger, Abram, 1. a 
Finney, Thomas, 1. 
OoRBAM, Lewis J., 
GriUln, Henry, 
Graves, Horace, 
Gilleo, Henry, b 
Gilleo, Charles, 
Glldden, Stephen T„ 
Gillett, Mark, 
Hildreth, Charles H., d 
Hildreth, Hartwell H., 
Howland, Arthur, 
EowLAiTD, Warren, 
Hahchett, Elbert E., 
HoLOOMB, Charles H., 
Hatward, EiroENB B., 
Hayward, Monroe L., 
Hart, Frank, a 
Hoyt, Irvln P., 1. 
Hammond, Jobn, S. 
Howe, Lowell G., 
Hayes, Blum, 
Howke, Phineas, 



Hayford, Edwin T., b 
Holden, Ira S., 
Habcau., Busha F , 
Ives, George, 
Jackson, Richard, 
Joiner, Henry M., 
Jordan, Carlos A., a 
Johnson, Walker E., a 
Johnson, Perry, 
Johnson, Warren, 
Johnson, Henry F., 
Jordan, Alfkado, 
Jones, Irving W., a 
Keach, William H., b 
Kilmer, Reuben, 
Knisbt, Jabec, a 

KeLLET, WiLLIAlt B., 

lAne, Zadoc F., 
Laverty, William, 
Laverty, Allen, 
Lbtson, Tboxas, 
Lamb, Joseph J., 
Lafhmce, Frank, 
Larason, William P., I, 
Lyford, Erakine W., 
Lively, James, 
Lively, William, S. 
Labonnty, Louis, a 
Leach, George W,, 
Maloney, Nelson, 
Mead, Abner B., 
Moncrief, Albert, 
Miller, David B., 
MrLLBR, Harmon C„ 
Murdock, James A., 
Marshall, Charles E., b 
Moore, Viceroy, 
Moore, Orville J., 
MOORB, Alpbabis H., 
Miner, John J., Jr., a 



* This Company had in ail 100 Hen. 



[ayford, Edwin T., i 
olden, Ir& E., 

lAROAIX, EUSHA F , 

'eg, Qoorge, 
tckson, Itlchnrd, 
Jiner, Henrjr M., 

}RnAN, CARLO! A., a 

ihnnon, Walker B., a 
3bnM>n, Perry, 
ohneon, Warren, 
)hnson, Henry F., 
3rdan, Alftsdo, 
)neg, Irving W„ a 
Bach, William H., b 
llmer, Benben, 
nsBT, Jabkz, a 
nj,BT, WnxiAK E., 
»ne, Zadoc F., 
iTerty, William, 
iverty, Allen, 
rraoif, Tboxas, 
imb, Jbaeph J., 
iftance, Frank, 
meon, William P., 8. 
ford, Er«kine W., 
vely, James, 
vely, William, ». 
ibonnty, l«Qii, a 
*ch, Qeorge W., 
jloney, Nelson, 
sad, Abner B., 
>n<:rief, Albert, 
Her, David B., 
UAR, Harmon C, 
irdock, James A., 
rshall, Charles B., b 
•ore. Viceroy, 
lore, OrvUIe J., 
osta, Alpharir H., 
NBR, John J., Jr., a 



Fifth New York Cavalry 



Mason, SrLAB J., a 
McCartt, Tihotht, a 
McCauohh, Patrick, 
McMancs, Edward, a 
McConley, John, o 
McKenile, Walter J., 
McGlnnisg, Warren. 
McGowen, Erastug, 1. 
Nelson, Jameg, a 
Ozlcr, Jogeph J., 1. 
Odell, Henry, a 
Orb, Horack. 1. a 
Oaks, NxLgoN 8., 3. 
Ober, William, 
Oliver, Edward A., 
Oakley, John, 
Payllng, William, 
Porter, Zely W., 
Palmer, Allen, 
Perking, Igalah, b 
Perkins, GUman, ft 
Porter, Robert W., 1 a 
PxASK, Clark M., 
PcDfleld, Jameg A., 1. a 
Pierce, Amos, a 
Potter. Allen L., 
Peasoly, Henry, a 



Page, Benjamin F., a 
Parmenter, George, ft 
Palmer, Peter W., 
Rbnnk, Lucius P., 1. 
Ralne, James H., 
Bobbins, David H.. a 
Redman, John, 1. a 
RuBh, John, ft 
Sickler, Isaac, 
Smith, George E., 
Smith, Henry V., ft 
Smith, George W., 
Smith. George W., 
Smith, Charles, a 
Sdlth, John, a 
Swift, WlUlam W., 
Shepard, Edgar C, e 
Sherman, Abram, 
Starling, Edgar, 
Sartwell, William, 1. 
Btarks, John E., 1., a 
Staot, Jamss, o 
Spaiildlng, Heiir-', a 
Spaalding, J ■ . n 
Spanldlng, J >*' . 

"hattack, Albert h , 1. 




Stone, Harry L., 
SCHSNK, Charlm, 
Town, George L., 
Town, Simon, 
Thrasher, Orlando F., 
Todd. Henry D., 
Uhdkrbiix, Hiram, 
L'nderhill, Charles, 
ViAix, John G., 
Van Wert, Jameg E., 
WeRCott. Jogeph J., 1. 
Wegtcott, Jonathan, 
WKJ.M, Charlbs, 
Wtmak, Hbnrt E., 
Watbrmam, Johh, a 
Washbum, Ben]. F., 
Woster, Jogeph E., S. 
Warner, Samnel 8., 
Wellg, Edgar J., 
Wells, Nathaniel, 
Wiley, Henry A., 
Winters, Edward A a 
Wright, Abner Z., b 
Wilcox, Charles H., 1. 
Warren, Joseph B., 
I iVoodward^ ZephanUh, 










iM^mi 



iiSiSiisftSfe 



ii^jj^^i^jfti:isiisss¥'«i 



isWsw^'' 



8S6 



Historic Records. 



%l' 



Adami, William, 
Adams, Henry, 
Andoraon, Robert S., 
Arnold, 0«orga, 
Beylsn, John, 
BrookB, John, 
BcU, Richard, 
Banrer, AaKUit, 
Babbitt, William L., a 
Barbt, Jxifxs, 1. 
Barry, Edward, 
Banlier, Oeorge R., 
Barlow, Nathaniel A., 
Banfield, Michael, 6 
Bennett, Joseph H., a 
Behrendt, John, 
Blanvelt, John H. 
Boland, William, 
Bolirer, Conrad, 
Beyer, John, 
Boyle, Michael, 
Bly, Reuben, 
Battles, Isaac D., a 
Calhonn, Samael, 
Oary, WllUam B., 
Carroll, Thomas, 1. 
Carpenter, Oeorice A., 
Clarkson, James B., 
Cleeland, William, 
Coddington, Job, 
Conroy, Frank, 
Conway, Jacob, 
Connolly, John, 
Conklln. WlUlam, H., 
Crandall, Lewis H., b 
Crawbnck, Richard V., 
CnnnlDgham, Thomas, a 
Crooks, Jacob C, 
Clynton, William H., 
Cliutoa, Robert, 



Company I.* 

Cammings, Robert B,, 
Campbell, Robert, 
Drake, William, 
Donglass, John, 
Dempsey, Charles, 
Dowdy, James, 
Daly, William, a 
Darsy, Nicholas, 1. 
Day, Patrick. 
Dov, Bdward S., 
Duuu, WUliam B., 
Dnnn, Joseph, b 
Danliam, Randolph, i 
Edwards, Isaac, 
Edwards, Charles, 
Edwards, William O., 
French, Jamt., 
Fairweather, Jolm B. 
Fennely, Martin, 
Frazer, Lewis A., b 
Ferguson, John H., 
Freeman, Albert S., 
Flynn, Lanrence, 
Fuller, Ira W., 
Oall, Alexander, 
Gale, Harrison, 
Oarrln, Frank B., 
Gai^ner, David, a 
Grist, John P., 
GBaHAII, Elus J., 
Gray, Asa, 
Green, Robert, 
Garrigao, James, 
Garanger, Stephen, 
Hughes, Francis, 
Harding, Alonzo, 
HaTens, Ransom W., 
Henderson, William, 
Hand, Laurence, 
Hill, Henry, 



Haney, George H., 
Harris, Oeorge H., 
Harris, George W., 
Hart, Joseph, 
Herox, CasiSTorKn, 
Hamnee, Herman, a 
Haupert, Jacob, 
Heck, Henry, 
Howe, Lowell 8., 
Havens, Thomas, 
Harder, John, fr 
Herriman, Edson, 
Houston, Jamos, 
Jordan, Christopher, 
Johnson, Daniel R., 
Kino, CtLkxuu, 
Koch, John, 
Elette, Henry, 
Lowrey, Harvey, 
La Fountain, Gabrid 
Lnndin, John A., a 
Lewis, Geoisie C, 
Lovejoy, Isaiah H., 
Lamb, Julius C, 
Lynch, James, 
Mann, James, 
Meeken, Henry, 
Mdjs, Wnxiax, 1. 
Miller, Georgo, 
Miner, Peter, 
Morrison, WUliam, a 
McNallen, James, 
McMlnn, Samuel, 
McDonald, James, 
McEenney, Edward, 
Mundrane, John, 
Monlther, Charles, 
Moore, J. Bnel, 
Mattlson, Dwlght L., 
Miller, Warner, 



* ThU Company had In aU 100 Men. 



Fifth New Yokk Cavalry. 



82T 



lanejr, 0«orge H., 
Sanis, George H., 
larria, 0«orge W., 
lart, Joceph, 
Seroh, CHsiaTorRn, 
larmeK, Bennan, a 
Uupert, Jacob, 
leek, Henry, 
lowe, Lowell 8., 
laveDB, Thomaa. 
larder, John, i> 
terriman, Bdaon, 
[onston, Jamoa, 
ordan, Chrlatopher, 
ohnaon, Daniel R., 
LiNe, Crabuh, 
Coch, John, 
□ette, Henrjr, 
lOwrey, Harvey, 
a Fonntain, Oabrlel 
,andla, John A., a 
ewla, Oeorge C, 
ovejoy, Iiatah H., 
amb, Jollna C, 
ynch, Jamea, 
[ann, Jamee, 
'eeken, Henry, 

[CU, WlUJAK, 1. 

lller, Oeorgo, 
:iner, Peter, 
orrlaon, WUIIam, a 
cNallen, Jamea, 
cHlnn, Samnel, 
cDonald, Jamee, 
cKenney, Bdward, 
nndnme, John, 
oulther, Charles, 
oore, J. Bnel, 
attlaon, Dwlght L., 
llier, Warner, 



Mack, Jamea D., b 
Mmire, A. B., 
Nonnan, Adeodat, 
Nickcrgon, Daniel, 
JJ-ionan, Edward, 
O'HsUoran, Daniel C, a 
O'Relly, William, 
O'Meara, Daniel, 
Olmeted, John A. H., 
Olmeted, Orman B., 
O'Mellle, Matthew, 
Pierce, Henry, 
Parsons, Thomaa C, 
Phillipe, John, 
PhllllpB, Kdward, 
Ponlson, Jacob C, 
Port, John H., 
Peaseley, Amaaa H., 
Randolph, cTonathan D., 
Randolph, WUIIam H., 
Richards, Alfred, a 
Roach, Charlee, 
Riley, Martin, a 
Ryan, Patrick, 



Rnnyon, Angb^ins, 
ilcardon, Daniel, 
Stlmpson, George B., 
Scott, John J., 
Santabar, FrancU, a 
ShlfTer, Morgan, a 
8now, John, b 
Schwartz, John, 
Shay, Jamee, 
Smith, Charlea P., a 
Smith, John W., 
Sovut, Pbteb, 1. 
Spencer, Robert, 1. 
Springsteen, John, 
Southard, Aaahel, 
Shalley, Thomas, 
Sabring, Alfred, b 
Tracey, George W., b 
Townsend, Thomas, 
TItns, William U., 
Townsend, N., 
Tool, John, 
Tlmmons, Stephen, 



Van Iderstein, Peter J., 
Van Gorden, Ell, 
Van Allen, Benjamin F., 
Vaeblnder, William H., 
Treeland, Stephen K., 
Vreeland, John T., 
White, William, 
Wedding, WUIIam, 
WermeUter, Francis, 
Wlltse, Isaac, 
Wilts*, W. Kslbst, 
Wlltse, Robert L,, 
Wood, Frank, a 
Wriobt, Jairs O., a 
Whitfield, Nathan A., 
Wcsterrelt, Benjamin, 
Wolfe, John, 
Wilson, William, 
Wool, Lnther, 
Woodward, Philander, 
Yonug, Abner 8., a 
Yates, Henry, 
Zimmerman, Bennan, 






[ 



"?t?-^^*teSte^4'.VJ*<«^'' .„'.t«.,-«*4»wi^**.i v^-sva*- .;-• VA*.-*****- 




HisTOi ic Records. 



Aldrtch, Aaron, 
Abbey, Alansou L., 
Bate;, John, 
Black, Robkrt, 1. 
Briden, Domlnlck, 
Brown, Leonard, 
Brlell, Frans, 
Beach, Henry C, 
Butts, Horace D., 
Barber, WlllUm, 
Baltey, Amoa, d 
Colea, William P., 
Connets, John, 
Culllon, William, 
Coleman, John, 
Clark, John, 
Clark:, John C, 
Conner*, Michael, 
Currier, Andrew, 
Conway, Jacob J., 
Carter, RoUln W., 4 
Campbell, Ed. A., 1. a 
Cole, George W., b 
Coggiua, Tbomaa E., 
Condlyea, Edward, 
Ducat, Hoeea, 
Daly, Philip, 
Dlnamore, Qeorge W., a 
DoouNe, John, 1. 
DoMALD, John, 
Dowd, Jamse D., 1. a 
Doty, WUUam, 
Dougherty, John, 
Daley, Timothy, 
Doegan, John, 
DuboiB, Henry, 
Dikeman, Oeorge R., 
Erregger, Charles, 
Englieh, Oeoi'ge C, 
Flaherty, Tbomaa, a 



Company K.* 

Fox, Jobn. 
Fuller, Robert, 
Pealey, John, 
Oriffln, Patrick H., 
Garroty, Jamea, 
Greenback, John, 
Gleaaon, Patrick, a 
Galen, Michael, 
Qeahaw, Dennis, 
Holden, John, tt 
Howard, Abraham, a 
Howe, Darid, a 
Hemble, Michael, 
Hecker. Frederick L.. 
Howard, Oeorge, 
Howard, Charles W., 
i. '«ting8, Chester C, 
Bola;>n, Thomas M., 
Harper, James, 
Haley, Michael, 
Hobart, Albert, 
Head, William, 

Hoover, Bamael, 
Herriman, Reuben D., 
Hall, James A., 

Henley, Frederick, e 

Harris, John, 

Jasper, Robert, a 

Jadah, Theodore, 

Jones, John, a 

Kmskmt, Miohail, 

Keeley, Michael, 

Kennedy, William, 

Keiley, Patrick, 

Kingsley, James M., a 

Keeler, Horace, 

Latterall, Charles, 

Lahiff, Jamee, 

Lockwood, Edmund, 

Mack, John, a 



Monroe, Oeorge W., • 
McCnllongh, WiUlam. 
McDonald, Edward, 
MoCne, Alonzo, 
Mclntyre. James, 
Martin, Joseph, 
|fooney, Terence, 
Myers, Joseph D,, 
Maddon, John, 
Martin, Thomas, 
Maddon, James. 
Mallory, Thomas, 
Mazfleld, Oeorge, 
Maban, Bei^amin, d 
Merton, Robert R, 

NOOITAN, jBHlnAJi, 
NiALOM, JaKXS, 

Nadow, Michael, 
O'Enra, Thomas, 
O'Nin,, MioBAU,, a 
O'Brien, John, 
O'ReiUy, WlUiam, 
O'Connor, Henry, 
Otis, Horace, 
PRtLUFS, John, a 
Perry, Oeorge W., 
Perry, Alamanza, 
Perry, Antoine, 
Porter, Marvin B., 
Parsons, Nelson R., 1. 
Parker, TjCwIb B., 
Falmatler, Daniel, 
Pecot, Eugene, 
Pecot, Josepli, 
Pease, WlUlam H., 
Quinn, Francis, a 
Quern, Carl, 
Rouse, Peter, 
Rouse, Alvin, 
Rhodes, Ludns, 



This Company had in aU 164 Men. 



■':^^^iiT>^JiT^>,-^'li,^>■■'v>■^(^tn^iy-' 



lonroe, George W,. • 
ilcCnUoagh, Wmiun. 
IrDonald, Bdward, 
[oCne, Alonzo, 
[clntTre. Jamea, 
Urtin, Joseph, 
fooney, Terence, 
lyera, Joseph I)., 
taddon, John, 
Isrtin, Thomaa, 
Uddon, Junei, 
[allory, Tbomu, 
lazfleld, Oeorge, 
tahan, Bei^amln, i 
[erton, Robert R., 

fOOHAM, JXBMMIAM, 
flAXOM, JaKU, 

Udow, Michael, 

I'KlITB, TBOMAI, 

I'Nia^ MioBAU,, a 
'Brlen, John, 
I'RelUy, WlUlam, 
'Connor, Henry, 
tig, Horace, 
RILLIF8, John, a 
Brry, Qeorge W., 
irry, Alamanza, 
Brry, Antolne, 
)rter, Marvin B., 
trsona. Nelson R., 1. 
uker, T^wts B,, 
ahnatler, Daniel, 
9cot, Eugene, 
icot, Jofteph, 
laee, William H., 
^nn, Francis, a 
iiem, Carl, 
rose, Peter, 
rase, Alvin, 
lodes, Lucius, 



Fifth Nkw York Cavalry. 



329 



Reed, John, 
Kuwell, Warren, 
Keynoldn, Bdwarl D., 
Stunton, Amos, 
Sure*, Anthony H., 
RMTea, Peter, 
ScoriBLD, David H., 
Schaffer, Charles, 
Stockton, Thomas, 
Stafford, Thomas, 
Sherwood, Nathan, 
^Myter, John W., 1. 
Shaw, James, a 
Schaeffer, Frederic 
Scott, Qeonte, a 



Bnddard, DaTid H., 
Smith, Charles J., A 
Talmask, Nath'l M., 
Talmadge, Oliver, b 
Tons, GioBsa W., 
Telfer, James. 
Turley, WlllUm. 
Tmesdale, Laclns, 
Treach, George, a 
Tyrrell, Patrick, 
Van Valkenborgh, R., 
Vllandre, Theodore, 1. 
Watson, Qeorge, 
WIlUamROD, James, 
Wilcox, Edward, A 



Wilson, William J., 
Wmis, Charles H., 
Ward, Richmond, 
Weatherwax, John, a 

WlUOHT, HORACZ, 

WUklns, Amos, 1. 
Walker, Charles H., a 
WUklns, James, 1. a 
Walsh, James, 
Welch, James, a 
Whltmore, James, 
Tonng, John, 
Yonng, WlUett, 
Young, Henry Y. 





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330 



Historic Records. 



Aikani, Hngb, 
Allen, HeDi7 M., 
Alexander, Charlei, 
Ames, James F., 
Akers, Charles, 
Avery, Hora'ie G., 
Aotlsdale, FrederUk, 
Anttsdale, Qeorge, a 
Barton, Jcieph, 
Bowen, Eseck, 
Booker, Joseph, 
Brown, Henry, 
Brown, William, 
Boyd, James, 
Boyd, John, 
Brady, Thomas, b 
Brennan, John, 
Bridges; Charles D., 
Boate, Qeorge, b 
Companion, Rdward, 
Caine, William, 
Craoo, Frank, 
Compton, Lewis, 
CoixxsKia, John, 1. i 
Cross, Antliony, 1. 
Cooper, Lewis, a 
Coles, WilUam T.. 
Carman, Archibald, 
Comes, William, 
Cooley, Horatio 0., 
Cameron, Eli, a 
Connell, Dennis, a 
Clark, Job D.. 
Connor, Thomas, 
Crow, Bei\]amin, 
Davknpobt, H. L., a 
Driesecs, Julias, 
Dann, John, b 
Darling, Thomas, 
Dorsey, Edward, 



Company L.* 

Dorman, James, 
Earle, Robert, 
Earle, Ilenry, 
EIneson. Richard, 
Bastou, Theodore M., a 
Fraser, William, 
Fraser, Archibald, 1. 
Fobs, Gottlieb, 
Fitzpatrick, Oomellns, 
FItzRimmons, Patrick, 
Gartland, John, 
GoBDON, John, a 
Oenard, Augaata, a 
Oorth, Henry, 
Orleser, John, 
Grice, Joseph B., 
Gable, Michael, 
Qerock, Charles, 
Harvey, Frederick, ft 
Hlcka, Frederick H., a 
Holm, Louts, a 
Hedland, John, a 
Hegeman, William, 
Ualnes, John T., ft 
Hatch, Orrin 8., ft 
Holm, Martin, 
Hambleton, WllUam, 

HlNKITTT, HlOBAXI^ tt 

Uewltt, James, 
Hnrd, Joseph, 
Holford, William, 
Hibbard, Gardner, 
Hedricb, Ferdinand, 
Jocknm, AdoU^ 
Keer,*Charle8, 
Keffer, Earl, 1. 
Enarr, Jamm, 
Kemon, Jamea, 
Elotz, Julias, 
Kellett, Robert J., 



Knapp, llieodore X., 
Keefer, Frank, 
Lindsay, James, 
Leigh, James D., 
Lee, Henry R., 
Lavoisier, Frederic, 
Lockwood, Sidney B., 
Lalor, Flnton, 
Lamb, Georga, a 
Lang, George, 
Lehman, Henry, 
Lawrence, Edwin C, ft 
McMVULBI, Pbtib, 
McKnlght, Mortimer, 
McEwan, John, 
McManns, Hngh, 
Merton, Curtis, 
Merritt, H. A. D., & a 
Marland, Charles, <t 
Miner, John 8., 
Metzler, Joaepb, 
Mahoney, John, 
Morse, Ezra, 
Nelson, Peter, 
Needham, William, 
O'BaniN, Dennis, 
O'Brien, Thomas, a 
Perry, Albert, 
Perry, Alhannan, 
Plade, Henry, ft 

PUBDT, JlSSB. 

Porter, Clandloa, 
Pratt, Albert Y., 
Place, Philip U., a 
PeUe, Charles R., 
Quest, John P., ft 
Rooney, Daniel, 
Rnnney, William, 
Riley, James, 
Robinson, Calvin, 



* This Company bad in all 164 Men. 



h,u&,-; ., A. 



pp, Theodore X., 
'er, Frank, 
Iu7, James, 
b, Jamei D., 
Henry K., 
)lsler, Frederic, 
cwood, Sidney B., 
r, Finton, 
b, George, a 
r, Georife, 
omn, Henry, 
rence, Bdwin 0., b 

[VUMX, PlTIB, 

nigbt, Mortimer, 
fftn, John, 
[anni, Hngh, 
on, Cnrtta, 
Itt, H. A. D., <. a 
and, Charles, d 
ir, John 8., 
ler, Joseph, 
}ney, John, 
le, Ezra, 
on, Peter, 
Iham, William, 
ats, Denmis, 
en, Thomas, a 
r, Albert, 
r, Alhannan, 
>, Henry, b 

IT, JlBSB, 

ir, Clandlus, 
, Albert Y., 
, Philip H., a 
, Charles B., 
t, John P., b 
ey, Daniel, 
ey, WiUiam, 
, James, 
ison, Calvin, 




Fifth New York Cavalry. 



881 



Rrsssix, WiujAM P., 
KnKg, Hilss. 
Richards, Frank, 
Reynolds, Charles J., 
Bkith, Jaios Q,, a 
Smith, John, a 
Smith, Darid A., 
Sythofi; Henry A., 
8iH>, PmB A., 
Bterens, George, 
Simpson, Bei^amin, 
Sparlr,, Elijah, 
St. Clair, Nelson, a 
Sandlspree, Paul, 1. 
Slmonson, Frederick, a 



Bchlapfsr, John, 
Stmts, Charles O., a 
Stone, Nelson J., 
Scott, William J., 
Sweeney, John D,, 
St. Clair, Joseph, 
Starks, William, b 
Taft, Henry, 
Tardy, Aoguste, a 
Trainor, Michael, b 
TuKKiB, Bnt/Ainif, 
Tittle, Frederick, a 
Townsend, Samnel, a 
Taylor, John, 
Utter, Jamsi, 



91 



Unwin, Edward, a 
Watson, William, : 
Wells, AlArod, 
Waogh, Albert B., 
Walders, Charles, b 
White, Charles H., 
Williamson, James, 
Walker, Albert G., 
White, Isaac, 
Wallace. Matthew L., a 
Wharton, Robert, a 
Tagle, Joseph, 1. a 
Tonta, William, a 
Zimmerman, Baldwin, 
Cratty, John Ii. 



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5^ii^^^^^^^^^^ii^^#^wWiS!*^^*^^ 



882 



Historic Records. 



i» 



AnwiD, Jededlnh D., 
Akeni, David, 
Arvt, MHrlln, 
AljitRr. Alunxn, 
Acker, l)e Witt, 
Acker, Wallace, 
IllrdMall, Cheater K., 
Bot;ardn«, (ieorge A., 
I><>KardaB, Joreinlali, 
HogardiiH, William U.,1. 
Burn*, JamcR, 1. 
BlHliup. Walter J., 
Blunt, Edmund, Jr., 
Bebon, Juaepli, a 
Brown, Abnun T., a 
Bruwn, John, 
Blanchard, Ilenry B., 
Burton, Ezra, 
Brando, Lewia, 
BitiiwEMAN, Andrew, 
Crani, William, 1. 
Colo, John J., a 
Coon, Alfred, 
Cole, John, 
Clongh, George 8., 
Cloagh, Jeremiah J., 
Chapman, \ ''illiam, 
Crandall, Edwin, 
Conine, William H., 
Dx Witt, Oblian, S. a 
Uongherty, John, a 
Davis, Michael, 
Cuvall, John W., 
Daines, Arnold P., 
Deitz, Arthur H., 
Deer, Jacob, 
Dimmick, Eugene O., 1. 
De Long, Ira, 
Dennis, William H., 
Delano, Charles, 



Company M.* 

DepfiW, Munes, 
Drixcoll, James, 
Dp|)«w, James, 
Dowllng, llcnry, 
Erdman, Louis, a 
Edwards, James, 
Edwards, William H., 
Fricke, Charles, 
Flemming, Samuel, 
Frank, OonrHKY, a 
Frazler, Francis U., 
Feen, John, 1. 
Fryhoon, James H., a 
Frvellug, John, e 
Fulton, Philip 8., 
Foster, James P., 
Finlay, James, 
Fenner, Charles, 
Fenner, James, 
Ficro, James, 
Gardner, Leslie, 
Goodscll, Timothy M., 
Graves, Hiram T., 
Garvcy, James, 
Hcddle, William, 
Hoover, James, 
Haines, John H., b 
Howe, Ralph, 1. 
Hoover, Augustus, 
Hulman, Helvln, 
Horton, J. Goodrich, 
Havey, Jotm, 
Heckerman, Thomas, 
Holleubecl^ Eugene, 
Hawes, Leroy, 1. 
Hoilenbeck, Charles W., 
Haley, John F., 
Ilaney, John D., 
Hoyt, William F., 
Hayes, Peter, 



Jones, William A., a 
Jackson, John, 
Johnson, William H., 

KlVILAND, HlNBT, a 

Kceler, Egbert, 
Knhn, Bttrnard, 
Kulin, Daniel, b 
LowiK, Oliver C, 
Locke, John, 
Lutb, Charles, 
Lewis, Jocob 8., 
Lawrence, Natlutnlel, 
Lohman, Axel 8., 
Lowe, Abraham, 
Lucklow, Philip, 
Lowe, Levi F., 
Lee, Jotu H,, 
Lee, George 8. W., 
Lucas, C'liarles B,, 
Lynch, John, 
Moore, Philip H,, a 
Moore, Franklin, 
McCann, John F., a 
McAllister, Peter, a 
Mc(jrady, James, b 
McGready, Hugh, 
McCarthy, Daniel, 
Morton, Edward, 
Myles, John, 
Markham, William S., 
Murray, Thomas, 
Morris, Henry, b 
Magher, John, 
Morse, Harrison, 
Harston, Brastue D., 
Mahue, Joha, 
Matthews, OeorgeA., 
Matthews, Laurence A., 
Mead, William H., 
Hickle, Peter, 



• This Company had in all 186 Men. 



^•H'l 



Fifth Nkw York Cavalry. 



333 



in(-«, Wim»mA., o 
ii'ksun, John, 
uhiiiun, WDliam H., 

IVII.AND, niNBT, a 

eoler, Stcbcrt, 

iilin, B<Timr(l, 

aim, Daniel, A 
, Oliver C, 

(K-ke, John, 

iith, Cliarlea, 

■wl«, Jocob 8., 

wroiico, Mattuuilel, 

uliDisn, Axel 8., 

)we, Abraham, 
ucklow, Philip, 
i>we, Levi P., 
BO, John H., 
!0, Geot^e 8. W., 
ica», Charles B., 
'Dch, John, 
oore, Philip R„ a 
oore, Franklin, 
cCann, John F., a 
cAIIUter, Peter, a 
cGrady, Jamea, 4 
cGready, Hugh, 
cCarthy, Daniel, 
>rton, Itdward, 
rica, John, 
irkham, William D., 
irray, Thomas, 
irrla, Henry, b 
igher, John, 
irgo, Harrleoo, 
rston, Brestns D., 
hue, Joha, 
tthewa, George A., 
tthewa, Lau'ence A^ 
ad, William H., 
:kle, Peter, 



Mliini'fli'y, ChArlea, 
Maliar, John, 
Martin, Hawley, ft 
MiirrtiHin, WluUm, 
Noef. I'nilo, 
O'hiiiirkit, Patrick, 
OilHl, Oliver, 
Oaki.it, Wilbur F., 3. 
(Nbom, George C, 6 
Piiiiltney, Robert, 
Pllmley, George P., 
P»mK, Oln«t, 
."iTfHiB, Saji'l T. B., 
I'lli'lcr, Samuel, a 
(Jiilmby, Ephralm, 
KafTiTly, Petor,a 
HiMit, Ocorge O., 

RlZIR, WlUJAW, 

Riiwell, William, 
Ri-yniildd, John C, 1. 
Ryan, Michael, 6 
Rice, George P., 
Raliiuy, James, 



Ryan, John, 
Rowe, John, 
RiKkafeltow, Horace, 
hugif, George, W., a 
Reevoa, William, o 
Bhopard, Chnrlea, 
Smith, Charles D., a 
Smith, Henry, 1. 
Smith, Frank, 
Smith, Charles R., 
Sharkey, Edward, e 
Scntt, Ellsha B., 
Strent, Jacob, 
Swintz, Jacob, a 

SPAHN, JORN, 

Shoemaker, John W., 
Saunders, Carmine, 
Spencer, Andrew K., 
Seaman, Samuel, 
Swan. Thomas H., 
Sbonksat, Jamks. 1 
Schadler, Ixiuls, 



Ten Broeck, 8amu':l, tt 
Thavir, Ji;sTtT*, 1. 
Th<>ruton, J. Chauncey, 
Ten Byck, Jacob II., 
Ten Byck, Edward. 
Tripp, Usvl. 
Van Ness, Harmon R., 
Van Loan. Jacob U.. 
Van Gorder, Ellas, 
Whitcomb, W. H., \.a 
Winnie, Peter, 
Wallace, Edward, 
Walt, Richard, B., 
Warner, Edward B., 
Warner, William, 
Werner, William, 
Williams, Samuel, 
Woodbridge, Henry N., 
Waldolph, William P., 
Tence, John E., 
Zimmerman, Fred, 
Zimmerman, Jacob, 



i 



NoTi 1. — Great labor has been bestowed upon this Hnstor. Should Inac- 
cnracies occur, or some men foil to recive due notice or their casualties, it 
mnat be attributed to the want of documents for reference. In some Instan- 
ce!,— as in Gen. Banks' Retreat flrom Strasbnrg, — company papers were lost. 
However, it Is to be lamented that fbU documents were not kept more 
generally. 

Note 3.— Many of the men marked Vktbbans, were not originally with 
the regiment, bnt Joined it after iiavlng aarved two years or more, in soma 
other organization. 



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APPENDIX. 



Yielding to an urgent desire and request of my many 
subscribers and friends, I append to these Records the fol- 
lowing selections from the files of the weekly journal, which 
I pulilished or road, to the prisoners, while confined in 
Libby Prison. It may serve to illustrate more clearly than 
it has been done in the body of the work the tout entemhle 
of that dark period in the history of thousands of our 
loldiers. 



DITOTBD TO TUCrtB AKD Vtm. 

Vol. I.] Xi66y Priton, Richmond, Va., Augutt 2Ut, 1868. [No. I. 

Prospectus.* 
The Ziiiy Chronicle will be issued weekly, from Prisoner 
k Co.'s steam press of thought. Such will be the equali- 
lation of labor among those engaged in the enterprise, that 
this publication can be afforded at very low rates. Price of 
subscription, weekly, one moment's good attention, in- 



' Eight numbers of the Chroniele were issued. 

28 



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Historic Records. 



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variably in advance. These terms being comp'led with, the 
paper will be forwarded postage free. 

With such facilities before the public foi- obtaining UBef'al' 
knowledge, it is needless to state that wo expect an extensire 
patronage. Our adherence to facts, vhich are always the 
most stubborn arguments, ard ta the motto that 
" A little nonsense now and then, 
Is relished by the wisest men," 

is a full gur.rantee to our patrons that they will ever obtain 
an ample equivalent for their subscription price. We can- 
not very well forbear mentioning that the contributors to 
our columns are among the most eminent of the land, in- 
cluding the skillful lawyer, the sedate judge, the erudite 
priest, the amusing comedian, the renowned legislator, and 
BCOi-es of others from the various walks of life, whose cou- 
uection with our periodical places success beyond a doubt. 
As we make our humble bow to the public, we hope that 
progress may mark our course in every department of our 
work, until the / ibb^ Chronicle, its editor and publisher, 
its friends and patrons, will find themselves sailing toward 
the North Laud of liberty and civilization. 



Kansas Brigade's Version of John Brown. 

John Brown's body lies mouldering in the grave, 

While weep the sons of bondage whom 'ae ventured all to save, 

And though he lost his life in strugglirig for the slave, 

His soul is marching on. — CnoBtis. 
John Brown was s hero, undaunted, true and brave, 
Kansas knew his valor when he fought her rights to save, 
And though the grass grows green hbove his northern grave, 

His soul is maroliing on. — Chobhs. 






\ 



Ig conip'ied with, the 

c foi- obtaining useful ■ 
fc expect an extensire 
hich are always the 
lottc that 
od then, 
t men," 

Iicy will ever obtain 
'oa price. We can- 
t the contributors to 
ent of the land, in- 
e judge, the erudite 
wned legislator, and 
H of life, whose ecu- 
cess beyond a doubt, 
public, we hope that 
•y department of our 
iitor and publisher, 
selves sailing toward 
ion. 



John Brown. 

rave, 

ntured all to gave, 

the slave, 

! on. — Caoacs. 

I brave, 
ghts to save, 
northern grave, 
on. — Chorus. 



Fifth New York Cavaluy. 



837 



He captured Harper'c Ferry with bis nineteen men so few, 

And frightened "Old Virginny" till she trembled through and 

through; 
They hung him for a traitor — ihorai'ulveH a traitor crew. 

But his sotil 18 marching on. — Chorus. 

The conflict that be heralded he looks from heaven to view. 
On the army of the Union with her Hag, rod, while and blue. 
And heaven shall ring with anthems o'er the deeds we mean to do, 
As we go marching on. — Chobvs. 

soldiers of Columb'a, then strike, while strike you .nay, 
The death-blow of oppression in this better time and way, 
And the dawn of old John Brown will brighten into day. 
As we go marching on. — Cuoius. 
Captain, 



"South Window," Libby Prison; Rich.mond, Va. 
No. 1. 

Mr. Editor : Who among your hearers have not felt as 
the writer feels to-day, weary and worn out with the dull 
monotony of prison life ? There is no future here ; night 
and day succeed one another with but the same scene, the 
same fruitless longing for liberty. Even these more than 
precious letters, brief mementos of the dear ones at home, 
make the bitterness of captivity but the deeper. Many, if 
not all of us, have faced death on the battle field and are 
willing to do so in our Country's cause again ; but who, 
once released; would yield to see the walls of Libby Prison 
or.ce more ? True, thi i rome have been unfortunate enough 
to now be prisonerp of war a second, and, in one instance, 
we believe, a third time, — such are entitled to our sympathy. 
They are indeed sufferers. 




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Historic Rkcords. 



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Am I harping, Mr. Editor, on a threadbare theme ? I 
crave pardon. A fit of the blues is on me to-day, and what 
I write partalces of it. Even the heavens are overcast with 
clouds. 

" The autumn days haye come 
The saddest of the year.—" 

We take a sidelong glance from our "south window," and 
see away off in the distance a portion of Belle Isle, occupied 
by thousands of our brave men. Poor fellows! There lot 
is, while it lasts, even worse than ours. — 

Hark, what sound breaks from the depths below our feet ? 

"Mess No. , dinner." We go, Mr. Editor, we go. 

Sorrowfully we lay our pen aside, hoping when we write 
.again, to reach a more cheerful result. 

Au revoir. Black bean soup awaits us. 

Captain P. 



Conundrums. 

Q. In what respect do the officers confined in Libby re- 
semble Dives in the parable ? 

Ans. They are looking to Abraham for comfort. 

Q. Why is an elephant like a pile of brick f 

Ans. Because neither can climb a tree. 

Q. Why •■«! our soup in Libby like the stuff of which 
dreams are made ? 

Ans. Because it is a body without substance. 



n 



4-4 



idbare theme ? I 
to-day, aad what 
are overcast with 



le 



nth window," and 
ille Isle, occupied 
diows ! There lot 

18 below our feet f 

. Editor, we go. 

when we write 



Captain P. 



aed in Libby re- 

lomfort. 

2k? 

stuff of which 
nee. 



Fifth New Yokk Cavalry. 889 



Castlb Thunder. 

FAST I. 

On Gary street, in Richmond, there is a mongrel den 

Of thievee, sneaks, and cowards, mixed up with gentlemen. 

Oh, it is a shame to huddle in together 

Men and beasts, wild and tame, like birds of every feather. 

The Eeb. authorities scared up this living wonder, 

Made it a prison, and named it Castle Thunder. 

Here they tumble in characters of every hue, 

Reprobates steeped in sin with the Christian and the Jew. 

Conscripts by the dozen, at daylight and after dark. 

Come pouring in the Castle like animals in the ark ; 

Some are small, some are great, some show pluck, some white liter, 

Some from Mississippi state and " Goobers" from Tar river. 

Substitutes and deserters come in in sorry plight, 

And sub-gents, too, are hero quartered for the night. 

Blockade runners, also, are shut up for a warning. 

But seldom leave, as promised, early the next morning. 

While on Potomac's banks both parties try to nab 'em, 

If they escape the Yanks, old JefiF. is sure to grab 'em. 

So-called spies are castled here, who think it real hard luok, 
They are all from mkeedom, excepting one Kennuck ; 
Disloyalists are also here, and one for being a gnide, 
9 boys call him Doodlebug, for piloting Burnside. 
V also have an oyster man, who the oflioers discover, 
Ws. Union on the York but Seoesh on James river. 
Par: first tells you where the Castle is and who are there, 
Part second will disclose the manner of our fare. 

We have a doten rooms or more, *ndin some two or three, 

The boys wear handoufifs, balls and chains — Confederate jewelry. 

Some rest on cots, on boards, with blankets, some without them, 



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And when (hey get to sleep the big hugs often rout them; 

They never sleep in quiet though ever so much drowsy, 

For the vermin are so thick and big, the lice themselves are loiigy. 

We have eighteen kinds of food, though 'twill stagger your belief, 

We have bread, beef and soup, and bread, soup and beef; 

Then we separate about, with twenty in a group. 

And get beef, soup and bread, and beef, bread and soup ; 

For our dessert we obtain, though it costs us nary red, 

Soup, bread and beef, and beef, soup and bread. 

The bread we usually get is of a very good sort, 

True, it is the staff of life, but our staff is rather short. 

Our beef's so lean and dry, that, swallowing, it will bound back, 

Unless we recollect afore, to try to grease the track. 

It is too tough and strong, for our noses or our knives. 

The cattle were so poor aud thin, were killed to save their lives. 

The hides are made up into shoes, the sinews into strings, 

The mcrrow into soup, and the bones in pretty rings. 

Our soup is much too weak, to please a very high liver, 

'Tis made of beans, bugs and rice, and extract of James river. 

Now I've told you what we eat, whether we're well or sick, 
What we drink is never strong though sometimes rather thick. 
Our drink is rarely river water, except to save from death, 
And then for want of whiskey we smell an officer's breath. 
Meat and drink are now so scarce as to raise a serious doubt, 
Whether the Confederacy is not about played out. 
Number one and two you've heard, and now in division third, 
I will say a word about the way we are officered. 

PART III. 

Military officers of the very meanest stuff, 

For every local post, are oontidered good enough. 

In officering Richmond they varied not the general rule, 

To appoint a drunkard, a tyrant, a coward or a fool. 

It is plainly to be seen that in a little while 

When Salnn fccoopes his jewels up, in Biohmond he'll get a pile. 



■'i'ias.- 



i 




Fifth New York Cavalry. 



841 



rout tbem; 
I drowsy, 

hem selves are lougy. 
stagger your b«Uef, 
p and beef; 
up, 

and soup ; 
lary red, 
d. 

f, 

er short. 

t will bound back, 
track. 
' knives. 

to save their lives. 
Into strings, 
r rings, 
igh liver, 
of James river. 

well or sick, 
nes rather thick. 

from death, 
cer's breath. 
I serious doubt, 
out. 

a division third, 
ed. 



igh. 

aeral rule, 
a fool. 

id he'll get a pile. 



At the head of Richmond post they've placed a Marylander, 

And like the devil in regions lost there sits General Winder. 

He snaps and snarls, he rips and swears, whether sober or tight, 

The old villain's heart's as black as his bead is white. 

All through this vicinity they hate him as hard as they can, 

Kor ever slander him with epithet of decent man. 

However mean, he's a patriot, that may be undertttond. 

For when he left the Yankee land, 'twas for his country's good. 

We come to Major Griswold. who is our Provost Marshal, 
He's a little prejudiced, which makes him rather partial ; 
15ut when compared to Winder he seems no virtue to lack. 
As green is almost white by the side of jet black. 

And there's Judge Baxter, who also is a queer old case, 

He has so large a centre he can hardly change his base. 

He says whiskey's adangerous thing to have about the town, 

So, with all his might, he's for putting whiskey down. 

Whiskey is fifty cents a drink, and of the meanest sort, 

The Judge, to get his money's worth, swallows it by the quart. 

I win slyly tell you, boys, if your money you begrudge, 

How to get your whiskey cheap — step up and tap the judge. 

In the door of the castle, like a stopple in a jug. 

To shut the prison's mouth, they've stuck a Baltimore plug ; 

It is Captain Alexander, who is so cross and spunky, 

He is certainly not fit to command an oyster pungy. 

The captain is such a case as may be often seen, 

Wlio thinks he's very smart; but is invisible green | 

He is a thundering blower, but would not dare lo flght. 

As dogs that bark the loudest are seldom known to bite. 

Yet he has streaks of good, as well as mean, miKsd for relitf, 

The first are scarce and thin like fat in Confederate beef. 

He also came from Maryland, ami meen as Nick can make him, 

And the reason why we keep him is because the devil won't tak* 

him. 






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IIisToiuc Records. 



Allen 18 a smooth old rat, that is truthfully said, 

He shines with blnck from boots to hat, his face shines with red; 

He pours down whiskey double-quick, there is no doubt of that; 

Sometimes he makes believe he's sick but it's a brick in his hat. 

Uld Allen is a villam of the Tery darkest stripe, 

He'll go home to purgatory as soon as he is ripe. 

And if he does not blow off steam and soon shut down the brakes 

In a dream of delerium he'll find his boots are full of snakes. 

He has an oily tongue and face full of deceit and evil. 

And should Old Nick miss that scape-grace, there's no need of a 

devil. 

A Pkivatb. 



Facts and Fun. 

I am one of those who have derived much information 
from the facta which have been demonstrated, and much 
amusement from the fun which has been generated in the 
columns of the Chronicle. We have been favored with 
statements and demonstrations of facts pertaining to almost 
every subject of public interest. Creeds of religion and po- 
litical faith have wisely been excluded from the /act depart- 
ment of this association. No one could consistently with 
tne objects of the association and the courtesy due individual 
members thereof, lead off with a bigoted or partisan state- 
ment and denunciation, which would necessarily be offensive 
to others, and would, if replied to in the same spirit, lead 
here as elsewhere, to recriminations, disputes and disunion. 

We are gratified to observe that this principle has com- 
mended itself to all, and that such questions have not been 
obtruded upon ground sacred to instruction. 

Success to the "stubborn" department of the Ljceum, 
and may matters of personal experience, travels, history, 



I 



W"P 



Fifth Nbw York Cavalry. 



348 



shines with red ; 
doubt of that ; 
irick in his hat. 



down the braltes, 
ill of snakes. 
I evil, 
re's no need of a 

A Pbivatb. 



iich information 
tted, and much 
«nerat«d in the 
n favored with 
lining to almost 
religion and po- 
the fact depart- 
onsistently with 
y due individual 
•r partisan atate- 
irily be offensive 
Eime spirit, lead 
iS and disunion, 
nciple has com- 
is have not been 

)f the L;)ceum, 
travels, history, 



science witb its innumerable branches, extending from the 
depths of the earth to regions above and beyond our ken, 
the arts and graces, Christianity and patriotism, never lack 
for able defenders and expounders, and the meetings of the 
association will not lack in interest, nor the speakers or 
readers for appreciative listeners. In tbe stubbornness of 
fact is found a self-suppoi ting dignity. 

Fun, on the contrary, is apt, inside and outside of our 
circle, to degenerate into folly. The harmless play of seven 
and eight P. M. has, at nine or ten, degenerated into pro- 
fanity and obscenity, which wisely await darkness before 
coming forth to disturb the sleep and sensibilities of the 
majority of the officers here confined. Inside our circle 
great care is necessary lest the joke grate too harshly on 
rough edge or straight edge. 

Of this food so healthful for body and mind we should 
seek the highest and best, by keeping watch and ward over 
our unruly members, and carefully analyzing and examining 
those specimens which are recognized models of wit. When 
well executed the burlesque is, perhaps, the happiest style 
of wit. May our /an never grow less in quantity or quality. 

Yive la Bagatelle. 

Major P. 

Newb of Libbt. 

Monday, September 28tb, 12 M. 
Rumored that the exchange oommissioners did not meet 
yesterday as was expected. 

Four P. M. Rumor says that the United States commis- 
sioners, having heard of Spencer Kellogg's execution, imme- 
diately returned without awaiting the arrival of the Confede- 



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Historic Records. 



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rate States troop, and that there will be no exchange of 
prisoners soon. 

September 29th. As a result of yesterday's news tlie 
spirits are drooping in all, except those of the huxtering 
fry, who seem to have renewed their diligence. 

September SOth. We have news from a reliable source, 
that all the Federal officers are to be paroled and sent north 
on the next truce boat. 

Three p. m. Since receiving the above telegram we have 
received information that no exchange or parole is to occur, 
as the exchange agents have not acceeded to any proposi- 
tions yet oflFered, and that the next truce boat will bring 
blanketfi and clothing for the Libby family. 

October 1st. The huxtering fry say they will allow fruit 
to be conveyed down Red Lane pike, if the teamsters will 
allow them a profitable remuneration. 

Latest from the hospital, four and one half p. M. A United 
States gun-boat brought dispatches that no exchange even 
of privates would be allowed until the case of Kellogg is 
satisfactorily explained. 

Still later, nine P. M. The commissioners are to meet on 
the 3d October. The United States commissioner will bring 
six gun-boats along to protect the white flag. 

Yours, 

Jack Rumortrap. 

"South Window." 
No 2. 

Shall I tell you why, Mr. Editor, that ensconced in this 
out-of-the-way corner, close to this cross-barred frame, why 
I call it my South Window ? Because memory reverts to 



SSU". 



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I 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



345 






no ezchango of 

rday's news tlie 
of the huxtering 

uce. 

» reliable source, 
ed and sent north 

telegram we have 
parole is to occur, 
sd to any proposi- 
boat will bring 

sy will allow fruit 
he teamsters will 

If P. M. A United 
exchange even 
use of Kellogg is 

rs are to meet on 
issioner will bring 

: RUMORTRAP. 



nsconced in this 
irred frame, why 
emory reverts to 



another scene and time in by-gone days, when a fair bright 
face oft watched adown the road, the first to welcome the 
toiler home. I wonder if she sits in that "south window" 
nuw and waits the wanderer's return ? 

Ah, Mr. Editor, whose heart so cold it would not warm 
with thoughts like these ? Ever as memory goes back to 
those fast-growing far distant hours 1 picture my happy 
lionie. Situated a few miles away from the busy hum of 
the metropolis on a little bay, nestled among a magnificent 
1,'ruve of chesnuts, hid by them from the sight of the passer 
by, is my home. 

There at night, after the work of the day, have I retired 
in keen enjoyment of the comforts of a happy home, sur- 
rounded only by those who love. Such a life is almost the 
poet's dream of Elysium. There in the early mists of the 
morning have I mounted my horse for a ride along the sea- 
Bhore, or through the clover fields ; or In the moonlit sum- 
mer's evening have unfurled the sails of my "Bonny" yacht 
and glided on the smooth surface of the bay, hour ailer 
hour, happy in forgetfulness of all save the present. This, 
in all its wide meaning, is home. 

And here, Mr. Editor, the ofVrepeated prayer arises, may 
the day soon come, when you and I, and all of r^, shall 
leave our prison abode, and be permitted to clasp our loved 
ones in a warm embrace, when the dismal clouds of war are 
scattered, and the sunshine of peace shall fall upon a reu- 
nited land. 

Once more, Au revair. 

Capiain p. 



m. 






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846 



Historic Eeoobds. 



(Written exprewly for the LlDby ChronUtt.) 
ThC LiBBYAD. 

"Of Libby'sjioe to us th« direful apring 
Of woM annumbar«d, heavenl/ muaes iiing." 

Homer moderniied. 
Think not mj theme lo trifling, none you can meution, 
Ueoeivea in Libby half lo muoh attention. 
A phonographic clan of half a doien score, 
In one short week, falls off a half or more ; 
French, too, and Spanish, as all can plainly see, 
Lose their students in the same degree ; 
But who so laiy, so busy, or so nice, 
Neglects to giT« an hour each day to lice, 
Will be beset with troubles great and small. 
And have hard scratching to get along at all. 
If poeU write of battles 'twixt ftrogs and mice, 
Why not of skirmishes 'twixt men and lice T 
And while these Terses rude we are enditing. 
Look 'round to see the different styles of fighting. 

Watch Fngilisticus, he in a trice, 
Pulls off his dirty shirt to fight his lice ; 
His muscles thus of cumbrous duds bereft. 
See with what science he " puts in his left" 
Upon the bodies of his luckless brood, 
And Pngilisticns has gained '< first blood." 
With double i .ry he "puts in his right," 
And PugilisticuB has " won the fight." 

And there's Historious, with scabby back. 

Would trace their history as he hears them crack ; 

Wonders if these lice bear the same description, 

As those once scratched by Pharaoh and the Egyptians. 

He tries, in vain, from facts and from analogy. 

To thread their lineage and genealogy. 



1 






8 

ling." 

omer modtrniied. 

au oaa m«ulio&, 

in. 

ore, 

)re; 

ainly lee, 



le, 

mall, 

at all. 

d mios, 

lioeT 

liting, 

of fighting. 



•eft, 
left" 

)d." 



ok, 

hem oraok ; 

loription, 

id the Egyptian!. 

analogy, 



Fifth New York Cavaluy. 347 

He learns, ImweTer, irith rery little paine, 

The proudoal blood of Llbby is flowing in their veini. 

He marks, too, that the death ')f tli«He, his little foes. 

Is not as ignominious as thoughtless men suppose. 

Siscra, a great warrior, was slain by Jael, 

With those unwarlilte weapons, a hammer and a nail, 

While to slay these, so very much abused. 

Although tlicr. be no hammer, two nails are always used. 

Mark now Gallantrlous, that nice young man, 
With taper fingers made to wi-^ld a lady's fan. 
Much disgusted, see him huiuing, half ashamed of being seen, 
Thinks it " very unprelty," lico should stay in «hirt so clean. 
See now his handsome visage, wnat contortions and grimaces! 
As if to scare the nasty things, by making ugly faces. 
What would she think, his would-be, future spouse, 
To see him strip and squat and grin and louse ? 

Behold TheologiouB, with reverend lace, 

Peering with care in every hiding place. 

And while his little flock crawls 'round through heaps of slain, 

Such thoughts as these come crawling through his brain: 

What if 'midst all the creeds and doctrines which so stagger us, 

That should be true announced by old Pythagoras I 

That after death men's souls instead of going 

To heaven or hell according to the showing 

Uf orihodosy teachers, simply go forth 

To inhabit birds and beasts, insects and so forth 

Base or noble as their lives may show forth. 

Most in this prison, if I judge aright, 

Will live in noble beasts and birds of lofty flight. 

But some there are, who'U live again as hogs. 

Some skunks, some asses, some as snappish dogi. 

A very few have souls so small and base 

That even such as these they would disgrace. 

Crammed in this loathsome prison, scorned like slaves, 

29 






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848 



Historic Records. 

IniuUed, slarTcd by coward traitor knaTei, 
The men who in our lufferini; have betrayed ua, 
And fawn on tboie who brutally degrade ui, 
Even auch email aouls, will find a fitting nice, 
And lire hereafter, in loathsome Libby'a Hoe. 

There'a Philosophious, with thoughtful brow. 

Who know* the " why" of eyerything, the " what" and " how." 

He watched his louse to learn each aecret habit. 

Before with bloody fanga he proceeda to grab it. 

Beea it in ita ooiy neat recline, 

Marka it making love and obaerTea it dine. 

With wise diaorimination he can trace 

The difference 'twixt the louae and bedbug race — 

But I'll cease aoratihing linea and acratoh •' Sootoh-fiddle" 

tunea. 
At aomething crawling in my pantaloona. 

LiBUTBXANT CoLOHlIi W. 



Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., September 26th, 1863 
To His Excellency, Augustus W. Bradford, 

Governor of Maryland, 

Sir: We, the undersigned officers of your state, now 
suffering the privations of prison life, though conscious that 
we are not forgotten by you, would nevertheless urge upon 
your consideration the importance of making ft personal 
effort for our release, should such effort be found practi- 
cable. Our imprisonment has become almost intolerable. 
Depri-'ed as we have been, so long, of the sweet sunshine 
and pure air, also of our accustomed diet when fretv we 
have gradually sunken under the debilitating influence. 

Scrofulous and dropsical diseases have already manifested 
their alarming syroptons among us, and will doubtless prove 
fatal in many cases, unless we are soon released. Our fel- 



i' 



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Fifth New York Cavaihy. 



849 



ei, 
lyed ui, 

nice, 
Hoe. 

irow, 

" what" »nd "how." 

habit, 
grab it. 



low-Bufferer, Major Morris, but recently fell a Tictim to our 

wretched condition. OtherH will probably soon follow him. 

Can anything be done for us ? Our prayer is brief, but 

earnest. 

We are, respected Sir, 

Your obedient servants, &0. 

(Signed by many officers of the state of Maryland). 



ug raoe — 

h " Sootoit-fiddU" 



■RANT COLOHBL W. 

nber 26th, 1863 

DFOBD, 

ernor of Maryland, 
)f your state, now 
lugh oonsoious that 
rthelesB urge upon 
naking ti personal 
b be found practi- 
almost intolerable. 
;he sweet sunshine 
let when free; we 
ting influence, 
already manifested 
ill doubtless prove 
eleased. Our fel- 



Who IB RfHPONHIBLE FOR NON-EXCHANQE OF PbIBONKBB? 
ST I.1BUTB1IAMT OOLOIIRL X. 

It is with much regret that we announce the fact to the 
readers of the Chronicle, that there are those among the 
officers now confined in this delectable (?) locality, ycleped 
Libby, who are uttering curses, "not loud, but deep," 
against our government, for permitting them to remain here 
»o long. These officers evince more of the spirit of spoiled 
I'liiUlren, than of that manly courage and patience which 
bhould characterise the actions of the American officer and 
soldier. 

The officer who utters complaints against our government 
fur his continued incarceration, shows that he does not under- 
Htund the principles involved in the controversy, in relation 
to the exchange of prisoners, or else he is prompted by mo- 
tives altogether selfish and unpatriotic. The exchange of 
officers was suspended in consequence of the unfair proceed- 
ings of the Bebel authorities, about the first of June, in 
retaining certain officers in an unjust and arbitrary manner. 
Among those thus retained were Colonel Streight's officers, 
Captain McKee, of the Fourteenth Kentucky Cavalry, and 
Lieutenant Conn, of the Second Virginia Cavalry. Our 



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Historic Records. 






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commissioner, o i discovering this injustice, respectfully in- 
formed the ReVel commissioner, that all exchange of officers 
would be suspended, until the Rebels would exchange officer 
for officer and man for man, according to rank and to date 
of capture. 

The Rebels, at that time, were anticipating a series of 
successes, which they have not realized, though they persist, 
with a dogged obstinacy, in the unjust course which they 
had marked for themselves. Instead of removing obstacles 
which they had thrown in the way of the cartel, they con- 
tinue to increase those obstacles, by high-handed acts of 
injustice and cruelty, and make the affair more complicated. 
All that ii necessary, is to return to the cartel and proceed 
as formerly. When the Rebels do this, our government is 
ready to exchange, but until then, it acts properly in refus- 
ing to "xchango. A partial or special exchange would leave 
many an unfortunate prisoner, exposed to even worse insults 
and indignities, than now. The suspension of the cartel 
will doubtless continue until the Rebels are willing to con- 
duet the exchange on fair principles, and every patriotic 
officer should submit to his sad fate with manly fortitude. 

Our government has not forgotten us, but, on the con- 
trary, it is pursuing that course which will result to our 
advantage. Should partial exchanges be made, a portion 
of the officers would be held as hostages, confined in wretched 
cells, and reserved for hanging or sheeting, for the amuse- 
ment and recreation of the chivalry. Such exchanges 
would add to the comfort of some, but would increase the 
Bufferings of others. What officer is so devoid of humanity 
ae to be willing to accept his personal liberty at such 
expenso? If there be any such in Idbby, ttry had better 



1 






Fifth Kew York Cavalry. 



361 



le, respectfully in- 
^change of officers 
exchaflge officer 
I rank and to date 

ating a series of 
ougli they persist, 
urse which they 
emoving obstacles 
3 cartel, they con- 
i-handed acts of 
more complicated, 
irtel and proceed 
)ur government is 
properly in refus- 
lange would leave 
even worse insults 
sion of the cartel 
re willing to con- 
id every patriotic 
lanly fortitude, 
but, on the con- 
rill result to our 
made, a portion 
fined in wretched 
?, for the amuse- 
Such exchanges 
lid increase the 
oid of humanity 
liberty at such 
ttfj had better 



tender their "immediate and unconditional" resignation, as 
soon as possible, and retire to their own place. But, in the 
language of Holy Writ, let us " endure hardness as good 
soldiers," trusting in nr God of battles to deliver us; assured 
also that we are not forgotten by father Abraham, who is 
evidently doing all that justice and mercy can prompt him 
to do for our relief. While it is well for us to invite the 
aid of our influential friends in th^ north, in this matter of 
exchange, it is equally proper to bide our time with patience 
and resignation. 



"South Window." 
No 8. 

October, 1st, 1863. 

Amidst the excitements of ''fresh fish"i (and this is ever 
a fishy place) and exchange, there has been little time of 
lato to write, and even now your correspondent knows of 
little that will interest your htirers. "Changing, forever 
clianging; so runs on the petty pace from day to day," says 
the poet, and how has its truthfulness been proven during 
the few weeks pa.st. Victory and defeat have hovered o'er 
our country's banners, and as we watch to see the smoke 
of battle roll away, we see the red result — a result which 
we, men of war, have seen but too often. 



■ Whenever a company of prisoners was seen approaching Libby, 
the cry, "fresh fish 1" " fresh fish 1" was made within, followed by a 
nmh to the fi'ont windows, to get a glimpse of the uew comers. As 
they generally had friends in the prison, and were bearers of the 
If»t!»st reliable news from the army, on being introduced into the 
rooms, they were surrounded by an eager tlirong, and a shower 
of questions was raincJ upon them. Those were seasons of great 
pxcitement. 






1 




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362 



ilisTouic Records. 



•XI 



Vast armit umbered by ibeir tens of thousands, j»o 
crashing togetiu ■ , steel clashes against steel, fire responds 
to fire ; the one recoils, and again amid the whistling ball 
and hurtling shell, the scene is rctinacted, until the one, 
weaker and worn out, is hurled back, whipped, defeated, 
routed. They, who were brave men an hour before, on 
losing hope, fly for safety under some impregnable fortress. 
Thus, though, Mr. Editor, has it not been with our valiant 
army of the Cumberknd. 

Forced into a battle without position, what did our brave 
Rosecriiiis? Witli numbers small ir comparison to those 
of his foe, we see him day after day stubbornly fighting. 
At length his linos are driven back, for they cannot reiiist 
the foiee that is hurled, coofident in their weight of num- 
bers, against them. Back, back they fall, and, in a few 
moments more, all will be lost; but see I a form, well knowa 
and love<l by each of that gallant army, dashes forward, 
scarcely an hundred yarda from the advaacung foe; and 
there, amid a storm of buU.ets, which they who were there 
tell UH they never saw equaled, right in the jaws of (Jieath, 
between the two combatants, their lender ifidea ; his hat is 
raised aloft, and he shouts, " Forward men ! Will you let 
Hebels drive you back ? Forward ! Crive them the bayonet ! " 
And they did ;, the day was saved. 

Night came on apace, and, bo quietly that the enemy 
knew it not, he fell back to ChattarKM.)ga,, where Braxton 
IJragg, with all the appropriat-eneas of hia aame, will 
not attempt to attack him. .Better far, and none know 
it better than he, to be content with what he lay call a 
vict^jry, — a victory indeed in one sense, but certainly a 
very barren one. 



ii 



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thousands, go 
1, fir'.i respom^B 
whistling ball 
until the one, 
pped, defeated, 
our before, on 
gnable fortress. 
Tith our valiuut 

t did our brave 
ttvison to those 
(ornly fighting, 
ej cannot reuist 
weight of num- 
, and, in a few 
inn, well kuowa 
iashes forward, 
ncing foe; and 
who were there 

jaws of death, 
'dea; his hati.s 

I Will you let 
J the bayonet ! " 

flat the eneuij 
ivboro Braiton 
ii« 'jame, will 
Qd none know 
ho lay call a 
at certainly a 



KiFTii New Yobk Cavalry. 



858 



AN Officeb and a Gentleman. 

lit lIBUTBH/iNT COLOBBl 8. 

It Btill runs in the memory of many, wheni to be an officer 
of the American, army, was to be as a covtsequence, ii iijen- 
tlen.an and a man of honor. The claimant to official rank, 
„f whatever grade, waH ever the vecipient of marked atten- 
tion. The announcement of his arrival was paraded in the 
jounialB of the day, and the blandest smiles of mina host, 
and the cosiest chamber of " mim inn," were instr.ntly at 
l>is command. From the great, the learned, the wealthy 
and the lair, 'hospitaUtiea, invitations and favors of every 
kind were tendered him, and his sojoura in town or coun- 
try, was a continuation of f^te days, culmi-aating in intensity 
as his leave of absence drew near its close. 

"All mevi r«»ore-l hirn, all women loved." 
To impugn his character, or to doubt his honor, Hubjeoted 
the utterer 'to the closest investigation, or to the stern ar- 
bilrameot of arms, while, to him, to fall from his high 
position, was a descent second only to that of Lucifer. In 
camp, courteovB to bis subordinates, he was ever respectful 
to his superiors; and in the field, ho faced the foe, because 
the path to glory k through the field of dangtr. 

For his associates, with whom ho had encoimtered many 
vicissitudes "through field aud flood," he entertained an 
affection dearer than the tiei* of r«ktionf,hip ; aiul wai^ ever 
ready to aid, support and ddeud them at all hazards. Such 
were the life, character and nttribat,^s of au Amcriean officer 
at the commencement of this contest ; and whether enroUci 
iu defense of constitutional right and a juivl governracn!:, 
or engaged in ma-rshalling the ranks of the disloyal and the 



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Historic Kecords. 









traitor, to this day he retains, in an eminent degree, most, if 
not all, of tLise virtues. 

Let us now turn to the volunteer. Called to arms by his 
country's need, the gifted, the honored, the brave, throwing 
off the lethargy of peace, donned the uniform of his govern- 
ment, and, pledging his life and his sacred honor, rushed to 
th 'I defense of a time-honored flag, and the beloved inatitu- 
tions of his forefathers. A hearty volunteer in a glorious 
cause, he brought with him the enthusiasm of the patriot, 
and the loyalty of the citizen; accustomed to comfort and 
nurtured in luxury, he endured the privations of the camp 
and the bitter experiences of martial life, with cheerfulness 
and obedience ; proud of his cause, his country and his uni- 
form, he strove so to guide his steps, that each and all 
might be honored by his advocacy. Acquainted with the 
amenities of civil life ; filled with the recollections of the 
social distinctions accorded to the oflicer of former day.s, 
and a firm believer in the attributes of the chivalric soldier, 
he naturally turned to his immediate associates in arms, for 
an e'^'nbition of those characteristics, which have garnishuJ 
the pages of history and peopled the world with heroes. 

The chiR which nightly awakens the denizens of Libby 
by its eager search after the paternal Teet;' to whom the 
knowledge of light, air, and impalpable being, is but a thing 
of yesterday, is yet old enough to chronicle the downfall of 
theso expectations ; and could he answer, young as he is, 
his youthful visage would rival, in intensity ^f color, his 
spanked extremity, after a severe flagellation by his irate 

'Cnptain Joha Teed could imitate the crying of a iittle child so 
perfectly, as to render detection almost impossible. Hours of 
intense merriment were occasioned by this thing alone. 



! 



M: 



Fifth New York Cavalrv. 



355 



U degree, most, if 

ed to arms by his 
e brave, throwing 
nu of his govern- 
honor, rushed to 
e beloved institu- 
tecr in a glorious 
lai of the patriot, 
d to comfort and 
tiou8 of the camp 
with cheerfulness 
intrjr and his uni- 
hat each aud all 
juainted with the 
icol lections of the 
r of former days, 
chivalric soldier, 
iates in arms, for 
i have garnisht'ii 
with heroes, 
enizens of Libby 
tj' to whom the 
ig, is but a thing 
the downfall of 
young as he is, 
ity :>f color, his 
;ion by his irate 

of a little child no 
ssible. Hours of 
; alone. 



ancestor, while recounting the reverse of the picture. For, 
did he speak truly, he would tell of the lie bandied, in lieu 
of the sacred word of honor ever implied; of the act and 
fresture of filth and indecency, iu place of the manly joke 
uiul good humored repartee ; of the blasphemous response 
1 1 the authorized command of the superior, instead of the 
(graceful obedience of the subordinate ; but, worse than all, 
ho would t*ll of the rights invaded, the property purloined, 
and the pocket rifled of one officer, by his fellow. 

Mr. Editor, had such a statement been made in any 
journal as respectable as your own, previous to my advent 
tij Libby, i would have deemed it my duty to hunt the 
anonymous slanderer from Lis secret lair, and nail the cal- 
umny to his forehead ; but now, alas, a short but painful 
experience in a military prison, has revealed to me, that an 
officer and a gentleman are no longer synonyms ; that the 
uniform of the soldier may cover the car ass of the sneak, 
and the shoulder straps of the officer may serve to conceal 
the brand of the thief. Dare any one deny this ? If any 
such there be, let them dispassionately investigaie the record 
of the past two weeks, and, ere venting their virtuous indigna- 
tion, inquire of the first officer they meet of /*('« experience; 
or, better, let them consult the official announcement, affixed 
to these walls, proclaiming the loss, by theft, of one hundred 
and eighty dollars, within the past fortnight; or they may 
be enlightened by the recital of innumerable petty larnenies, 
minor scoundrelisms and sneaking pilferings, unworthy the 
talent J of the meanest thief that ever graduated from the 
Fi- - Points. Even the honor which obtains among rogues, 
is forgotten, for we have it on record, that thief has robbed 
Uiief, and the sneak preyed upon his brother. And yet. 



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Historic Records. 



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forsooth, these miscreants bear a commission, hold a com- 
mand, and, by my manhood, even sport a sword. Of such 
men the immortal Shakespeare has written thus : 

" He will steal, sir, an egg out of a cloister. He pro- 
fesses not keeping of oaths ; in breaking them he is stronger 
than Hercules. He will He, sir, with such volubility, that 
you would think truth were a fool. Lrunkenness is his 
best virtue, for he will be swine-drunk, aud in his sleep he 
docs little harm, save to his bed clothes about him ; but 
they know his conditions and lay him in straw. I havo 
but little more to say, sir, of his honesty ; he has every- 
thing that an honest man should not have, what an honest 
man should have, he has nothing." 

I would not have it understood, Mr. Editor, that a ma- 
jority, or even a tenth of our number, are open to these 
charges. The bad among us are, I am proud to say, nu- 
merically small, but that they are killful and proficient 
their present concealment evidences. Brought from the 
rariuus armies of the north and west, we are, in a degree, 
^otal strangers lo a large number of the present inmates of 
IIiIh prison. The very man who shares our plank, is un- 
K nown to us, by name or state, and may be, for all we 
jcnow, the mirror of knighthood, or the veriest poltroon. 

A sufferer by the peculations complained of, we turn in 
querulous bas^e, with jealous eye, upon the first comer, and 
arc more likely to suspect the innocent, than to detect the 
guilty; and we ourselves, while seeking our despoiler, are 
in turn susoected by a fellow-sufferer, who deems the eager 
looks of the loser, the preying scrutiny of the thief For 
cur own sakes, then, let us combine to purge our body of 
this moral blot, to rid our profession of this UMVel stain 



1 



HEii 






FiFTU New York Cavalry. 



J57 



[ssion, hold a com- 

a Bword. Of such 

in thus : 

cloister. He pro- 
them he is stronger 
ich volubility, that 
Drunkenness is his 

at>d in his sleep he 
es about him; but 

in straw. I havo 
sty ; he has every- 
ve, what an honest 

Editor, that a ma- 
are open to these 
n proud to say, nu- 
Iful and proficient 
Brought from the 
re arc, in a degree, 
present inmates of 
our plank, is un- 
may be, for all we 
ericst poltroon, 
led of, we turn in 
be first comer, and 
than to detect the 
our despoiler, are 
deems the eager 
)f the thief. For 
surge our body of 
f this novel st-ain 



To one or the other, the condition and opinion of each and 
every man are known. The knave and the coward, under 
a close surveillance, must inevitably be discovered, while 
the brave and the honorable can rarely be misunderstood. 
Murk then every man, by his words and actions. Scan 
closely the unguarded movements and desultory remarks 
ut' the suspected. Meet cunning with stratagem, and ply 
the rogue to his ruin. The cause we advocate and the 
uniform we wear, demand that we should expose the un- 
worthy and unmask the dishonest; and it is the duty of 
every honest man, to bring the r'' "ant thief to that justice 
he so much needs and fears. 



Written expressly for the Chronidt). 

Thk Irruption.* 

BT UKUTBITANT N. 

'Twas night, and Rebel Libby, wrapped in sleep, 
Was hushed to quiet, weird, sublime and deep : 
Along the floor the moon's pale, flickering beam, 
Athwart each visage, shot with fitful gleam, 
As if in pity she did stoop to bless, 
And cheer each prisoner with a fond caress. 

And what a sight that moon-lit floor displays t 
In each pale face, upturned to meet her rays, 
She shines resplendent, and paints in colors bright 
A cheerful soul within, content and light ; 
Tet through its workings, now in fit and start, 
Unfolds the sorrows of an anguished heart. 



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* This poem was written eoon after the arrival of oar ofllcen, captured at 
Chlckamanga. 



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358 



IliSTonic Records. 



f. I 




From scene like this wo turn our weary bead, 
To court unwilling Sleep to bless our bed ; 
When, hark ! upon the stillness harshly breaks 
A sound, that to the base old Libby shakes ; 
Like to the war of billows, tempest-clad, 
That beat old Ocean's shore, in foment mad. 

Or cannon's thunders loud, when heard afar. 
In battle's dreadful strife, " grim-visaged war.' 
It nearer, louder comes. " What can it be ? " 
Each wakened dreamer cries, and starts to see. 
And what a sight meets their astonished gaze, 
By light of moon and candle's flickering blaze 1 

The vandal Yankees, in " irruption " bold, 

In numbers seventy and one all told. 

Are in a horde dark Libby's cells invading. 

And 'long its files with stealthy tread are raiding; 

Their guide a contraband : deceitful black. 

To thus direct the cunning Yankees' track. 

Surprised, awaked by the in-coming foe. 
The inmates rise to strike a mortal blow : 
Aloft they rise in majesty so grand 
These dreamers, this incarcerated band ; 
With mingled crios of joy, of fear and rage, 
They quickly haste the coming fight to wage ; 

When, lo t above the din cries out a wag: 
"'Tis not the vandals, only Braxton Bragg, 
Who comes to reinforce the garrison. 
With gobbled troops of Teuton Rosy'a men " 




5 foe, 
blow : 

and; 
id rage, 
> to wage ; 

wag: 
^ragg, 
t 
8 men " 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



LlOIITS AND SUADEH IN LiBBT. 



359 



No. 1. 

[BdUoriat.] 

Day dawnf>, and light falls upon the adjacent fields and 
waters, and struggles through the barred windows of Libby. 
How many it arouses from sweet dreams of home and dnys 
of liberty, to look upon solemn prison walls, bare rafters 
under the roof, and naked posts and beams. What a con- 
trast to the waking scenes of other days ! 

Scarcely have you made yourself believe that you are a 
prisoner of war, when your ear is greeted by a clear voice 
Id a broken tongue, which cannot well be mistaken, " All 
four copies of de mornin' papers ! " And occasionally, for 
mirth's sake, the voice exclaims, "News from Ireland!" 
" Full account of de flyin' mule ! " etc. But when our 
sable friend, " Old Ben," cries out, " Full statement of 
exchange of prisoners ! " there is a general resurrection of 
heads and bodies throughout the room, and a large patronage 
is enjoyed by the poor slave, who so often has cheered the 
inmates of this doleful place by his musical voice and plea- 
sant laughter. This is a part of our matinee. 

Now there is a pounding and a grating, and no little 
rumbling and ratiling. You need not wonder, the cooks 
have commenced their work. The stoves fairly groan under 
their loads of pots and kettles for coflfee and soup, while their 
ovens are pregnant with the accustomed bash and toast. 
All day loag this is a source of annoyance or diversion. 
There is pounding on the floor for water from below, when 
the faucets have been closed ; there is haste to secure the 
best pots, kettles and pans for public and private uses ; there 



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860 



Historic Records. 



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is gouge game and grab game, from head cooks to young 
apprentices, and from those who are not cooks at all, while 
selfishness and profanity, meanness and brute force miD};le 
too frequently in dreadful confusion. 

This is only a part of our culinary arrangcmentfl. Long 
tables stretch across the room. How munificent the supply 
of spoons, knives and forks, as one mess after another appears 
fur its refreshments I Our silver and porcelain sets have 
turned into rusty tin ; and even worse, for one man is 
reduced to eat, d la Turque, with his fingers ; another by 
hiu side gulps his soup with a rough wooden spoon, carved 
out with his dull jack-knife. Yet, after all, this eating is s 
great institution, in which many continually abide, living to 
eat, not eating to live, at least if their stores hold out. 

Simultaneously with the close of the morning meal ap- 
pears the "general," a colored prisoner, whoso chief employ 
seems to be to disinfect the rooms, by means of his " Union 
smoke," as he loyally calls his fumigations, made from burn- 
ing tar. Groups gather around his smoking skillet, enjoy- 
ing the " general's " spicy Union talk quite as well as his 
disinfectant. 

Once a week about this hour a voice is heard announcing 
from room to room : " Meeting of the .Debating Club in 
upper east room." Then there is a stampede, and a rush to 
secure the best seats ! These consist of the dirty floor, upon 
which, in semi-circles, the crowd sits like Indian chiefs at a 
war council. The scenes, at times presented, are worthy the 
pencil of a Raphael, and the pen of an Irving. On his way 
to his exalted seat, on a level with the audience, the chair- 
man detaches from the bulletin-board the following notice, 
which will suggest the order of exercises : 



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Fifth New Yoek Cavalry. 



861 



lad cooks to young 
t cooks at all, while 
brute force ininfjle 

rangcments. Long 
unifioont the supply 
fler another appears 
porcelain sets have 
le, for one man is 
fingers ; another by 
Doden spoon, carved 

all, this eating is a 
ally abide, living to 
ores hold out. 

morning meal ap- 
whose chief employ 
eans of his " Union 
18, made from burn- 
)kiDg skillet, enjoy- 
[uite as well as his 

9 heard announcing 
jOebating Club in 
ipede, and a rush to 
he dirty floor, upon 
9 Indian chiefs at a 
ited, are worthy the 
rving. On his way 
mdience, the chair- 
he following notice, 



Libhy Lyceum t 
First Discussion— Tuesday, Aug, 4th, 10 A. M. Question : 
Reaulvcd, that the Fear of Punishment has a greater in- 
fluence on mankind than the Hope of Reward. 

LllUT. 8. H. B/.LtABD, 1 _,. . n- . . 

„ t Chtef Duputantt. 

LiiCT. Jamis Burns, J •' "^ 

LiEPT. CoL. F. F. Cavada, 1 subttilulti. 
LiKUT. H. D. Chambbblaim, J 
All members are requested to prepare themselves for the 
discussion. 

By order, 

H. Rees Whiting, Secretary. 
Louis N. Boudrye, I\esident. 

From fifteen to twenty participate m the spirited debate, 
which elicits no little amount c general intelligence, good 
oratorical ability, wit and humor. With the chairman's 
decision, the choice of another question, appointments and 
miscellaneous business, the parties disperse, feeling that 
their time has been admirably spent. 



Correspondence. 
We have received the following from our special corre- 
spondent, at Havanna : 

Sefior Redactor del LMy Chronicle: Por el prdcsimo 
vapor, por via de Nueva York, enviar6 d vd. diez mil tobacos 
superiores, para el uso de los prisioneros Federales en la 
cdrcel de Libby. 

Su seguro servidor, 

Que sus manoB besa, 

Juan Snooks. 




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362 



Historic Records. 



Why do Gentlemen Smoke ? 

The chewing of tobacco, although u filthy practice, may 
oe defended on the ground that if the chewer be careful to 
use the spittoon, he annoyb or injures no one but himself, 
and every man has » right to amuse himself as he pleases, 
provided he does not interfere with his neighbor. But can 
as much be said in defence of smoking? We think not, 
especially in Libby, where at least /our hundred mtinking 
pipes pollute the air most villainousli/. This stench may 
counteract, it is true, the noxious and sickening effluvia 
from the sinks, but in this case the remedy seems even worse 
than the disease. 

Erom the earliest dawn of the gray morning, until long 
after we have sought sleep on the verjiin-infested floor, this 
choking and offensive smoke loads all the air, permeates 
every nook and corner of the prison, and irritates our luijg>' 
at every breath. At meals we have it thick about our heads. 
It mingles with our hash, lends its hateful flavor to our 
Rio C?) coffee, settles in " puffs " and circles into our soup ; 
in jhort, we are forced to eat it with overy mouthful of our 
food. 

At " roll cull " we seek a place in the ranks, where no 
pipe is near, but v o scarcely get into " position," when pop 
comes a German gentleman in our rear, protruding his long- 
handle pipe over our shoulder, while its hot, reeking stench 
slowly ascends to our very nostrils. The call over, we hasten 
to a window to catch, if possible, one breath of the sweet 
morning air, and we have gained but one inspiration, when 
we are saluted with, " Fine morning, captain." We try to 
answer, " yes," but are choked off by the dense cloud of the 






' .i. 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



863 



;,,?!■, 



iE? 

thy practice, may 
wer be careful to 
one but himself, 
ilf as he pleases, 
ighbor. But can 
We think not, 
hundred stinking 
fhis stench may 
iekening effluvia 
seems even worse 

rning, until long 
ifested floor, this 
e air, permeates 
•ritates our luug>' 
about our heads, 
'ul flavor to our 
8 into our soup ; 
mouthful of our 

ranks, where no 
ition," when pop 
trud;ng his long- 
i, reeking stench 
1 over, we hasten 
ith of the sweet 
nspiration, when 
in." We try to 
inse cloud of the 



" fumes of the weed," which surround, envelop and engulf 
us, and we stand aghast to find ourself flanked on either 
side by an old " black stager " of a long-used clay pipe. 
Retreating from this dilemma, we pass into the kitchen, 
aud, the morning being cool, we try to hover near the stoves 
a moment, when we are startled by an authoritative voice 
behind us, calling out: "There's too much crowd around 
these stoves! Are these gentlemen all cooks?" Not 
belonging to that fraternity on this occasion, we hastily 
retreat, fearing wtj have intruded, when the speaker, with 
all the insolent nonchalance of an acting a»»istant adjutant 
general, steps up to the stove bnd — lighU hi$ pipe! 
Amused, we turn to leave, but are attracted by a gentleman 
who is chopping meat for hash. A. well-filled pipe, at tho 
end of two feet of cane reed, hangs down and rer.ches nearly 
to the meat, while at every blow of the knife, the jotting 
motion shakes a little ashes and tobacco into the dish. A 
queer condiment, we think ; but, then, perhaps his mess all 

smoke. 

As we leave the kitchen we pause to read the " Hints for 
Cooking," kindly posted for our uoe, but, lo ! the title page, 
frontispiece, and a part of the first page, are torn away: for 
wiiat? To light the pipes, forsooth 1 Disheartened, we 
turn again to a window foi »n instant's relief from the ever- 
lasting pipe. But here also we find a commissary peeling 
cold potatoes to make his hash, and as he works he is 
"crooning o'er some auld Scotch sonnet," and ever and 
anon the motiou of his lips shakes, from his over-loaded pipe, 
small flakelets of the burning weed, which sprinkle each 
potato thoroughly. But, then, he is making private hash, 
80 that's all right. 






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364 



Historic Rucohos. 



We hear the sound of music, and, turning, see two good 
singers holding the book. Fond of music we approach to 

have a treat, when, whew! each in his left hand holds a 

pii^e I and at every " rest" ia the tune, each takes a hearty 
whiff. Choked, tired and disappointed, we turn away to 
pray that Gen. Meredith would hurry up the exchange. 

Gerold. 



1 -m 






The Beautiful. 

Beauty is not confined to nature, to trees, to flowers, and 
to the material world. It is the prime element of spirit iial 
life. It manifests itself in its highest and most subli -^ 
form, in the nobler traita of human character aud conduct. 
The only really tubstantial beauty in the world is truth, 
mercy and love. The natural rose soon fades, but the roses 
of moral conduct and spiritual life bloom forever. 

The highest typa of beauty this world ever saw, is con- 
tained in the life and death of Jesus Christ. There is 
beauty in the heavens, the stars, the clouds and the arch of 
blue; in the wide waste of old ocean, in the hills, plains, 
mountains and valleys of the earth. But there is nothing 
in these to compare with the feeblest effort for the elevation 
and welfare of the down-trodden and oppressed, the poor 
and despised, the ignorant and unfortunate, the erring and 
lost of the Luman race. What beauty in a fault forgiven, 
in a tear dried, in an error corrected, in a want supplied ! 

There is sublime beauty in Niagara, but a sublimer in the 
widow's gift of mites, or in the heavenly mission of Florence 
Nightingale ; more beauty in tii. refmal of Moses, than in 
the pomp and splendor of Pharaoh ; more in the ragged and 



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Fifth New York Cavalry. 



365 



1i: 



niDg, see two good 
sic we approach to 

it hand holds a 

lach takes a hearty 
we turn away to 
the exchange. 
Geuold. 



ees, to flowers, and 
lenient of spirifiial 
and most subli «^ 
icter aud conduct. 
Qe world is tnith, 
iides, but the roses 
forever. 

ever saw, is con- 
Christ. There is 
s and the arch of 
the hills, plains, 
there is nothing 
■ for the elevat'on 
pressed, the poor 
«, the erring and 
a fault forgiven, 
Tant supplied ! 
1 sublimer in the 
ssion of Florence 
' Moses, than in 
1 the ragged and 



despised Lazarus, than in the purple and fine linen of Oives ; 
more in visiting widows and orphans, than in the glory of 
vain princes. Such are the beauties of the soul, which 
reflect the brightness of heaven. These beam with the rays 
of eternity. 

S. G. H. 



Lights and Shades in Libby. 
No. 2. 

TIow truo is the saying that a man cannot long hide his 
real character. Remove him to the antipodes, or utterly, 
change the circumstances of his life, and he is still the 
same. Bayard Taylor once thought that if he could ever 
tread the sacred soil of Palestine, he would be a holier, bet- 
ter man, but be writes that when he stood in the consecrated 
ground of Gethsemane, he was the same Taylor still. The 
soldier will be a soldier, place him where you will. Who 
can doubt ihis, who looks out upon the teeming multitudes 
of Libby, some bright morning, after the light of day has 
aroused the miserable eleeperfe . Fcr then, even without 
orders, and thus making himself liable to a court-martial, 
every man sets himself to "skirmishing." The better to 
accomplish his work, like the racers in the Olympic games, 
I'o casts aside all his loose garments, which frequently in- 
cludes his entire wardrobe, and great preparations are made 
fur the conflict. The soldier must be a soldier. 

Wo ! wo now to the enemy that may chance to linger in 
the open fields, for the sharp-shooter will certainly dismount 
him. A dash is made, the grounu is cleared, all flank 
movements are prevented, and now there is a falling back to 



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866 



Historic Records. 




the fences and ravines, which, in prison parlance, are called 
"seams of shirts and pants." The battle now deepens. 
The reports of the missiles of death are numerous. Hunan 
blood is spilt. The casualties are mauy. for the black flag 
is raised ; no quarters, no prisoners, death or victory. Thii 
battling for human rights against brute force is going on in 
every room of the prison throughout the day, unless it be 
on those fortunate days, when the call is made, spreading 
like wild contagion from room to room : " The mail ! the 
mail !" Whatever men are doing is laid aside, and a rush 
is made generally to the upper west room, where one of our 
officers reads aloud the addresses. Every one hopes for a 
letter from the dear ones, a brief, yet precious memento. 
Eagerly each one listens for the calling of his name, though 
but a few are ever gratified with a message. The bustle of 
distribution over, each man regains his accustomed place, 
when an unusual quiet reigns. The disappointed are com- 
muning with their own thoughts, while others are busy with 
words from their loved and distant. As we pass from place 
to place, how easily we learn, without inquiring, what news 
has been received. Here a countenance glows with a 
delightful delirium over words of love and pleasant intelli- 
gence, but, there, hidden away as far as possible from the 
crowds, is one whose flowing tears fall upon the page that 
tells of ominous sickness or sorrowful death. Fain would 
he retire, as Joseph did from his brethren, co weep alone, 
unseen by any, save by Him, who gives and takes away, who, 
though He afflict on the one hand, always comforts on the 
other. 

Thus mid hopes and fears, sorrows and joys, mid scenes 
of strife and toil, the day wears away. We have "skir- 






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)arlance, are called 
ittle now deepens, 
umerous. Hunan 
for the black flag 
1 or victory. Thij 
rce is going on in 
e day, unless it be 
is made, spreading 
" The mail ! the 
aside, and a rush 
, where one of our 
ry one hopes for a 
precious memento. 
F his name, though 
5e. The bustle of 
accustomed place, 
appointed are com- 
hers are busy with 
we pass from place 
uiripg, what news 
ice glows with a 
d pleasant intelli- 
possible from the 
)on the page that 
ath. Fain would 
m, io weep alone, 
I takes away, who, 
comforts on the 

! joys, mid scenes 
We have "skir- 



i^iFTH New York Cavalrv. 



367 



mished," ont bones, studied books, recited lessons, heard 
numberless and contradictory rumors about exchange, wit- 
nessed new arrivals of " fresh fish," swept our rooms, cooked 
and eaten our scanty allowances, formed new and long-lasting 
acquaintances, and the twilight, at length, with its mellow 
haze, settles down around us, to hide the weary day. This 
is the most sacred hour in the history of man. Manual and 
purely intellectual labors are laid aside to give place to 
higher, nobler toil. Now the weightier thoughts, which lay 
deepest during the day, rise to the surface, and become 
ruling forces. The ruder passions hide themselves, or. at 
least, keep silence, while the finer sentiments claim control. 
It is now that the better angels of our natures fold us in 
their wings. Memory, with her buely hands, gathers the 
richest fruita of by-gone days, and imagination paints the 
loveliest pictures of the friends we cherish. Who can por- 
tray the prisoner's depth of feeling in this hour, his deep 
study, his sad ennui, his brilliant poesy ? 

His heart surcharged with the rushing currents of emo- 
tion, seeks some object of contact upon which to cast its 
burden, and the mind, conscious of vreakness, desires to 
rest upon a foundation broader, surer than itself, and ha 
cries, " Lead me to the Bock, that is higher than I." It is 
the natural hour of prayer, and Libby becomes a sanctuary 
of worship. Most of the prisoners gla lly welcome the call 
to " evening prayers," and what a moral m the scene I Men 
who had never met before, of every shade of creeds, seem 
moved by one common impulse, and absorbed by one great 
desire to worship God. The numl ?r of those who take no 
interest or part in the solemn servic 3 is nightly growing less. 

They gather in a circle and a arailiar hymn is sung by 



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S68 



lIisToivic Records. 



all with unusual zest. IIow appropriate for us to make 
these old, dingy walls echo with sacred song ! Would they 
might repeat the strain to their cruel owners ! Wc kueel 
in prayer, while one, appointed by his brethren, leads tha 
devotions. Well it is for us all thai we can join in an 
exercise which has so often calmed the troubled heart, sent 
joy among the disconsolate, inspired the reformer in his 
noble work, nerved the warrior in his dangerous path, and 
crowned the dying Christian with victory. Memories of 
homo come crowding thickly upon the heart, as loved ones 
are commended to the care of God. Humility is felt as sins 
and shortcomings are confessed. Hope spreads her wings, 
and moral vigor is imparted to faith, as precious promises 
are pleaded. Patriotism kindles brilliant fires upon her 
altars as dear country becomes the burden of petition. 
Hearts glow with intense enthusiasm as the fervent prayer 
to " Our Father " arises for our release from this coafiue- 
ment, which is becoming so oppressive. 

The well-known doiology is sung, or tha oft-repeated 
prayer of childhood, " And eow wc lay us down to sleep," 
etc., rendered to the tune of Hebion, and the worshipers 
disperse with "strength renewed" and "joys divinely 
sweeteued." Darkness now enshrouds the landscape around 
Libby, and like caged birds we sit by the Wrred windows 
gi-.zing on the stars that shine in the distance. Under 
. similar circumstances, undoubtedly, the poet traced upon the 
walls of a house used for a hospital, during and after the 
battle of Chantiily, the following touching lines : 

I nm far from my home to-n^g^t, 
No cherished friend I see, 



H 



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I 



Fifth New York Cavalry, 



369 



for us to make 
|ng ! Would they 
"ners! Wc kueel 
Jrethren, leads the 
■e can joia in an 
)ubltd heart, sent 
i reformer in his 
agerous path, and 
y. Memories of 
art, &s loved ones 
lility is felt as sim 
spreads her wings, 
precious promises 
ut fires upon her 
irden of petition. 
;he fervent prayer 
from this confine- 

■ the oft-repeated 
8 down to sleep," 
nd the worshipers 
I "joys divinely 
I landscape around 
e Wrred windows 
distance. Under 
et tracea upon the 
ing and after the 
lines : 



Though all th9 star- 'n heaven are bright, 

They are not as /ht to me 
As once they seeraei n days gone by, 

Before I learned tt roam, 
Bespangling all the valley o'er, 

Above my distant homn. 

But my Flag and Country bade me go, 

And I will not repine. 
In all my wanderings to and fro, 

Whatever lot be mine, 
For still, perohanoe, the day may oome. 

When I no more shall roam. 
When those who sigh that now I'm gone. 

Will bid me welcome home. 



Advertisements. 

Barber and Hair Dreiser. 
Adjt. Lombard respectfully informs the inhabitants of 
Libby, that he has opened a new Tonsorial Shop on Main 
street, four doors north of Sanderson's eating saloon. Thank- 
ful foi past favors, he solicits the patronage of the public. 

Attortuy and Couniellor-at-Lav. 
Major Rogers would announce to the publio, that he has 
retired from military life, and resumed the more important 
business of the bar. He may be found on Egan street, one 
door south cf Ryan, Lii 'hfield and Go.'s Soap manufactory. 
All business promptly attended to. 



Important Appointment. — We are happy to learn that 
Hon. John Haldeman has been appointed Prosecuting Attor- 
ney for the Common wealth of Libby. 

U 



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870 



IIlSTOBIC ReCOBDB. 




Recovering.— We are informed that Hon. Judge Willets 
is rapidly recovering from hia dangorous illness, supposed to 
have been occafiioned by bathing at a Jate hour at night. 
He vrill be able to resume hia duties in a few days. 

A Card. — Dr. Uhler, Physician and Surgeon, after a long 
and successful practice in the armies of the United States 
has returned to Libby, and located opposite Mitchell's gym- 
nasium. Will attend all calls in his profession. 



The AndefsonVillk Post Office. 

rrhe followlnu tonchtit '•■ '», descriptlTe of an Incident In the Pen 
Union prieoncrfi Kt AndenijUTlUe, 0»., are attributed to 0. H. HoIIlster, 
of Litchfield, Conn. The war has yet eUclted nothing of ladder Inf ereit 

No blanket round his wasted limbs, 

Under the rainy sky he slept; 
While pointing his envenomed ahafts. 

Around him Death, the archer, crept. 
He dreamed of hunger, and held out 

His hnnd to dutch a little bread, 
That a white angel with a torch. 

Among the living and the dead, 
Seemed bearing, smiling as he went; 

The vision waked him, as he spied 
The post-boy followed by a crowd 

Of famished prisoners, who cried 
For letters — letters from their friends 

Crawling upon his hands and knees 
He hears hia own name called, and lo 1 

A letter from his wife he sees t 

Gasping for breath, he shrieked aloud, 
And, lost in nature's blind eclipse, 

Faltering amid the suppliant crowd, 
Caught it and press'd it to his lips. 



of tht 
Esq., 



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<\.«4^jAj>' .l.V\\.At^ /««>>C):«S"S^ rA\i!^^ 



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I. Judge WilleU 
less, supposed to 
hour at night. 
n days. 

eon, after a long 
I United States, 
Mitchell's gym- 
ion. 

FIOK. 

nt In the Pen of the 
a. H. nollistsr, Esq., 
ladder Interett.] 



Fifth Nkw York Cavai-ky. 

A guard who followed, red and wroth, 

And flourishing a rusty braud, 
Reviled him with a taunting oath, 

And snatched the letter from his hund. 
"First pay the postage, whining wretch !" 

Despair had made the prisoner brave, 
"Then give me back my money, sir I 

I am a captive — not a slave I 
You took my money and my clothes ; 

Take my life too — bu» lot me know 
How Mary and the children are. 

And I will bless you ere I go." 

The very moonlight through his hands, 

As he stood supplicating, shone. 
And his sharp features shaped themselves 

Into a prayer, and such a tone 
Of anguish there was in his cry. 

For wife and children, that the guard — 
Thinking upon his own— passed by. 

And left him swooning on the sward. 
Bpyond the " dead line" fell his head — 

The eager sentry knew his mark, 
And with a crash the bullet sped 

Into hia brain, and all was dark t 
But wl'.en they turned his livid cheek 

Up toward the light, the pale lips smiled, 
Kissing a picture fair and meek, 

That held in either hand a child. 



871 



[Reported for .Th» lAbbn Chrcniei*.'\ 

The Mock Trial. 
Thursday, August 20, 1863, will long be remetnbered by 
the denizens of Libby, for the fun and general mirth occa- 
sioned by the trial, at a mock court, of one of their number. 

31 



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372 



IIisTonic Records. 



About eleven o'clock the esciting affair was announced by 
the stentorian voice of the quati sheriff, " Hear ye ! hear 
ye ! ! hear ye ! ! 1 the honorable court for the county of 
Libby, and state of Imprisonment, is now open. All ye 
who have business therein, draw near and ye shall bo heard." 

A motley crowd at once assembled at the call, and beheld 
a solemn-faced, grey-headed cavalry captain, who was to play 
the rok of judge, seated upon a lofty arm-chair, made of a 
partly broken barrel. His mock dignity, professional air 
and shrewd humor, frequently convulsed the court and 
lookers on with laughter, during the proceedings. To the 
right and left of him were seated on impromptu benches of 
broken boards, sticks of wood, or on the floor, the district 
attorney, sheriff, under sheriff, counsels, sergcant-at-arms, 
clerks, etc. 

The impaneling of the jury was rendered amusingly diffi- 
cult to correspond with the other movements. Foreigners, 
with the longest and worst-sounding names, had been 
selected for the bench, from the French, Germans and 
Hungarians, some of whom could scarcely understand a 
word of English. The foreman, when called up to be 
sworn, feigned he did not understand the questions of the 
judge, and responded in French. Every word filled the 
audience with merriment, and seemed to puzzle the court. 
At last this barbarian was ruled out, as he did not know 
the language of the court. Meanwhile a bystander inter- 
rupted proceedings by vociferating that the fault was not 
the juryman's but the court's, as they ought to be com- 
petent to understand him. The judge thereupon ordered 
the arrest of the offender for contempt of court, and the 
sergeant-at-arms cleverly executed the order. The next 



>-*>* " 



anoouDced by 
Hear yo ! hear 
the county of 
open. All ye 
shall bo heard." 
call, and beheld 
who was to play 
ibair, made of a 
professional air 
the court and 
edings. To the 
optu benches of 
oor, the district 
ergeant-at-arms, 

amusingly difE- 
ts. Foreigners, 
imes, had been 
I Germans and 
Y understand a 
illed up to be 
[uestions of the 
word filled the 
zzle the court, 
did not know 
ystander inter- 
fault was not 
;ht to be com- 
eupon ordered 
court, and the 
r. The next 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



373 



juryman questioned was as deaf as an adder, and tho third 
was a Dutchman, who carried out the figure most charmingly, 
and for some time kept the room in an uproar of laughter 
and applause. At length a jury was duly impaneled, and 
a grave-looking prisoner was brought to tbo bar, charged 
with having disturbed the peace of the place, by seeking to 
enjoy the raptures of a clandestine bath, contrary to tho laws 
of the people. 

As the witnc-ises were brought upon tho stand, they were 
required to raise their left foot or both feet, and to subscribe 
to the following oath ; " You do pompously swear that you 
will tear, tatter, transmogrify and torture the truth, the 
whole truth, and everything but the truth, so help you Jeff. 
Davis." If the witness was a Quaker, and did not wish to 
swear, he could affirm under the pains and penalties of being 
put into the sink. 

The accused soon became the butt of all the mischievous 
witticism of the occasion, but conducted himself in a manner 
becoming the best good nature. The trial was continued 
for several days with ui;abated interest, in which was dis- 
played no little amount of juridical knowledge, and con- 
summate skill and ingenuity in managing a case. The 
counsel for the defence were indefatigable, and succeeded in 
presenting the laughable arguments, with no little array of 
evidence, that the prisoner had not been known even to 
wash his face, since he had taken his abode in this county, 
and that he was subject to fearful attacks of hydrophobia. 
Witnesses were also subpoenaed, who proved a case of aft"6t, 
by testifying that on the night in question the accused was 
seen coming out of an ice-cream saloon on Main street, 
Richmond, with a Confederate lady on his arm. In proof 



i-: •?■ 



..;s^, 



874 



Historic Kecords. 



I Tj 









of thia, tho fragment of a letter, found near the wash tub, 
was produced, signed " Susan," tho contents of which greatly 
defamed the marital fidelity of the aged warrior, and revealed 
some highly ludicrous incidunts of hie amatory experience. 

Tho respondent listened to all thes; personal jokes with 
excellent good temper, and none seemed to enjoy more than 
himself the comical buffoonery of witnesses and lawyers. 
But notwithstanding the artful pleadings of his counsel, a 
verdict of «/«% was at last rendered, and he was sentenced 
by the court to imprisonment for forty-eight hours in the tivk. 
This severe punishment was afterward commuted to a public 
promise of good behavior in future, he having entered 
into a recognizance to treat the judge, jury and counsels, 
whepever they should get out of Libby, which obligation 
will undoubtedly be faithfully kept. 

Clerk. 



n 

N i 

4' 



II 






• Important Letter. 

Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., August 31, 1863. 
Hon. James A. Seddon, 

Secretary of War, 

Sir : I take the liberty of addressing you on behalf of 
myself and fellow-prisoners, in relation to our situation. 

About six hundred of us are confined here, with an 
average space of about twenty-eight square feet each, which 
includes our room for cooking, eating, washing, bathing and 
sleeping. Our rations consist, as nearly as I can judge as 
to quantity, of about one-fourth pound of poor fresh beef, 
one-half pound of bread and one-half gill rf rice or black 
peas, for each man per day. Thi- amount has been found 



HaTS^^w- '^i' Ai«WM8*i**'<*«5^W'^?!»«'''<i'''»*«*^'" -'* 



Fifth New York CAVAiiRY. 



876 



nr the wash tub, 
of which greatly 
■ior, and revealed 
ory experience, 
flonol jokes with 
onjoy more than 
es and lawyers, 
jf his counsel, a 
le was sentenced 
bours in the link. 
mted to a public 
having entered 
ry and counsels, 
rhich obligatiou 

Glebk. 



ust 31, 1863. 



u on behalf of 
r situation, 
here, with an 
eet each, which 
ig, bathing and 
I can judge aa 
wor fresh beef, 
^ rice or black 
las been found 



insufficient to sustain life and health in our close prison 
confinoiuent. Scorbutic diseases have already appeared, 
proving fatal in one instance (Major Morris), and impairing 
seriously, if not permanently, the health of many others. 

Our sanitary condition would have been much worse than 
it now is, but for the large purchases of vegetables and other 
provisions, amounting to nearly one thousAnd dollars [Con- 
t'liderate] per day, which we h&ve been allowed to make. 
But as nearly all our money was taken from us when we 
entered the prison, the daily expenditure of this large sum 
has at length about exhausted what was left us. We have 
also been notified that we would not be allowed to receive 
any portion of the money taken from us here, nor to receive 
such sutnt a$ have been $ent to u$ from home since our im- 
prisonment, though before writing for these moneys, we were 
expressly assured by your officers, having us in charge, that 
we would be allowed to receive them. 

It will be perceived from the above statement, that our 
immediate prospective condition is, to say the least, that of 
semi-starvation. The rations furnished ■. your government 
may be as good and as much as it can afford, under the 
circumstarices, but in that case it does seem that we Ghould 
be allowed to purchase the necessary amount to sustain us. 
It cannot possibly be that it is intended to reduce to a 
famishing condition, six hundred prisoners of war. Humanity 
cannot contemplate such a thing without feelings of the 
deepest horror. Sayiug nothing of our rights as prisoners 
of war, even criminals, guilty of the blackest crimes, are not, 
among civilized people, confined for any length of time on 
insufficient food. 
I wish further to state to you, that previous to my sur- 



i. 



i 

,1 



376 



Historic Records. 



( i 



' If. 



render, I made a stipuktion with General Forrest, to whom 
I surrendered, that all private property, including money, 
belonging to my officers and men, should be respected. 
This stipulation, in the hand-writing of General Forrest, 
o\-or his own signature, is now in the hands of General 
Winder, having been taken from me here. Notwithstanding 
this, my officers (ninety -five in number) have been notified 
with the balance, that their money has been turned over to 
Confederate authorities. 

For the purpose of avoiding further loss of money, or 
misunderstanding, and if possible to obfaiin relief from the 
unhappy situation in which we are placed, you are most 
respectfully requested to state in your answer to this com- 
munication, the manner in which we will be allowed to obtain 
the necessary food and clothing to render us comfortable. 
I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 
A. D. Streight, 
Colonel of fifty-FirBt Indiana Volunteers. 



Lights and Sha&ks in Libby. 
No. 8. 
As we sit at a safe distance from the window, to avoid the 
sentry's notice, and gaze on the bright stars, we can but 
reflect on the purity of the Architect of the universe, whose 
" all-seeing eye the sun, moon and stars obey, and under 
whose waiclifal care even the comets perform their stu- 
pendous revolutions," and yet who condesi nds to dwell in 
the heart of the lowly and contrite, even among the wretched 






Fifth If ew York Cavalry. 



877 



Forrest, to whom 
ncluding money, 
Id be respected. 
General Forrest, 
ands of General 
Notwithstanding 
ive been notified 
a turned over to 

)8S of money, or 
n relief from the 
d, you are most 
3wer to this corn- 
allowed to obtain 
la comfortable. 

servant, 

;iGHT, 

na Volunteers. 



SBY. 

dow, to avoid the 
tarS) we can but 
B universe, whose 
obey, and under 
irform their sta- 
nds to dwell in 
ong the wretched 



creatures who inhabit this dingy prison. How true is the 
poet's riiyn a, which we never so fully understood before • 
While blest with a sense of hie love, 

A palace a toy would appear ; 
And prisons would palaces prove, 
If Jesus would dwell with me there. 

While thus we muse we are accosted by a fellow-prisoner, 
who has recently been converted in our evening meetings, 
one of a largo number who have thus passed « from death 
unto life," and found this dungeon a Bethel to their bouls. 
What a privilege it is to witness in this place such a work 
of reformation ! Like the old apostle we can say, " The 
things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto 
the furtherance of the gospel; so that my bonds in Christ 
arc manifest in all the palace. End in all other places." 

Taking this young disciple by tho arm we will saunter 
through the different wards of the prison for exercise, con- 
versation and observation. A few flickering candles here 
and there light our way. Objects of interest meet us on 
every hand. No place, perhaps, presents greater contrasts. 
Here are the noisy and the quiet, the studious and the care- 
less, tho sad and the happy, until you are led to exclaim 
" How strangely are the lights and shades, the joys and 
sorrows, the good and bad, of this world, mingled in one 
mysterious mass !" Already at this early hour of the night 
lies a man upon the dirty floor for a bed, with, perhap<», a 
poor lousy blanket under Lim. At his side are those who 
sing loudly, or whistle for their amuseuient. Yonder is a 
group busy in conversation. Here an individual is striving 
to study by the pale light of the moon, or by the light, 
nearly ."W palo, from a distant candle. 



iii 



i.'i 

'4 



, **M<^I 



1 i 



878 



Historic Rkcoeds. 



\ i 



(/ 




At length we are attracted to a noisy group around a 
candle, whose singular occupation is a subject of no little 
query. Their attention seems to be wholly given to a 
pack of little papqr billets, strangely figured outside and 
inside. One would naturally suppose these things to 
answer for a baby's playthings, or a child's pictura primer. 
Suddenly one of the party takes up the bunch, shakes or 
shuffles them rapidly, und then distributes or deals them 
out to his comrades. T,et us watch and listen, and thus we 
may loam something new. We huar one speak of " hearts." 
We draw nearer, for we begin to think that they have hearU 
after all that has been said of men following their occupa- 
tion. " Diamonds," shouts another. We draw still nearer, 
for if these men have true hearts and deal in diamonds, they 
are not as dangerous as they have been represented to be. 
We are becoming favorably impressed, when one says, 
" high, low," another, "jack and the game." What strange 
words I We are startled, and look upon the operation with 
astonishment. What are they talking about? "High, 
low I" do they mean high and low thoughts? Truly we 
isee nothing very elevating yet. Is it high and low cards ? 
We look in vain to see one card much higher than another. 
We cannot understand this jargon. Suspicion seizes upon 
U3. We fear they are " jacks " at all games, making use of 
" low " as well " high " principles to carry out their designs. 
Soliloquizing upon the singular scene, one of the party cries 
out, " clubs ! " Our suspicions were not groundless. These 
men who profess to have hearts, and to appreciate the beauty 
of diamonds, carry with them clubs, doubtless to assassinate 
either strangers or one another. Trembling with fear we 
start to leave, when the party cries out for " spades." We 






Fifth New York Cavalry. 



879 



;roup arouDd a 
ect of no little 
ply given to a 
id outside and 
lese things to 
picture primer, 
nch, shakes or 
or deals them 
>Q, and thus <re 
ak of "hearts." 
hey have hearts 
g their occupa- 
•aw still nearer, 
diamonds, they 
resented to be. 
hen one says, 
What strange 
operation with 
3ot? "High, 
ts? Truly we 
ind low cards ? 
than another, 
on seizes upon 
making use of 
their designs, 
he party cries 
dless. These 
ite the beauty 
to assassinate 
with fear we 
pades." We 



are correct, these men are professional murderers, for they 
have clubs to slay their Tiotims and spades to dig their 
graves, and what else we are not advised, and as we fly in 
terror from the scene, we hear them speak of " trumps." 
Poor fools ! we think they are vastly mistaken, if they 
believe that they can kill one another with clubs, dig one 
another's graves with their sp&des, and then, Gabriel-like, 
call one another to life again with their trumps. The men 
must be either crazy or very childish, and their conduct, it 
geems to us, can be justified only on the ground that, espe- 
cir'ly here, "a little nonsense now and then is relished by 
the best of men." 

As we pass into another room we meet quite a procession, 
representing & country caravan on a small scale. The ele- 
phant is none other than two officers, bent forward, with a 
blanket thrown over them, while two stickb of wood pro- 
trudiog from the blanket, make the tusks. One man 
mounted upon another is the camel, and another on all-fours 
the bear. These are paraded through the rooms, headed by 
bearers of torches, and a band of music, performing Yankee 
Doodle and other airs on split quills, hair-combs, tin plates 
and oups. Accompanying the show are hideous iraitations 
of all kinds of fowls and beasts, with a menagerie-like effect, 
which would do honor to Barnum's American Museum. 

Having passed by this amusing scene, we hear a rustling, 
grating coise, with the tramping of many feet, and a rush 
is made toward ji. We step aside to avoid the shook. It 
is a " raiding" party d la cavalrie. Twenty or more of the 
most desperate oharacte) i among us form the squad. They 
dash through, armed with broooi>8ticks, and other like 
weapons, sweeping all before them, upsetting evorything 



t; 



.in ' 



: ^? 









880 



UlBTOBIO KeCOROS. 



and every body that comes in their ^vay. These raiders are 
the terror of the more sedate of our community, and their 
rude, not to say, heathenish practice, resulting in the dis- 
comfort and hurt of resny, is justly worthy of the severest 
reprimand. 

In another room we are drawn to a crowd, who, at inter- 
vals, shout and laugh aa though frantic with joy. Wo 
elbow our way through the press to get a sight of the fi:n, 
when, oh ! shades of the feathery king of the barn yard ! 
here are fowls without feathers, spurs or crcits, engaged in 
a " cock-fight." Two individuals hive submitted themselves 
to the process known as " bucking," and now within a ring, 
marked with chalk on the floor, hop around, crow and butt 
each other in a " rooster-like " style, which results in one or 
the other, and sometimes both tumbling over in a most 
laughable manner. Each " bird " has his ring of betters, 
who lend no little amount of excitement to the play. 

But our evening ramble is quite sufficient, and now weary, 
" like a quarry slave at night scourged to hia dungeon," we 
wend our way to our humble pallet, which we welcome, 
though far from being equally satisfactory to our former 
lodgings upon the hard, cold ground. We lie down, bnt not 
to sleep at once, for we have not yet recited- our catechism. 
How like the days of childhood, though great is the con- 
trast between the subjects presented. Still it is well here 
to be reminded of these domestic animals, cat-echism and its 
mate dog-m&tism. They are species of very ancieut descent. 
The one has cleared the centuries of the past of their rats 
and mice of religious folly, and the other has kept at bay 
infidelity's beasts of prey. The keen eye of the one, and 
the hoarse, threatening voice of the other, have given evi- 



rhese raiders are 
Qunity, and their 
[ting in tho dis- 
y of the severest 

d, vho, at intfr- 
with joy. Wo 
sight of the fun, 
the barn yard! 
rcits, engaged in 
aitted themdelres 
>w within a ring, 
d, crow and butt 
results in one or 
over in a most 
ring of betters, 
the play. 
, and now weary, 
is dungeon," we 
eh we welcome, 
J to oiur former 
ie down, bni> not 
[■ our catechism, 
reat is the con- 
I it is well here 
ct-echism and its 
ancieut descent, 
ast of their rats 
las kept at bay 
>f the one, and 
have given evi- 



FiFTH New Yobk Cavalry. 881 

dence ot their usefulness. Time honors their labors, and 
from them history borrows important lessons. It is well 
that the fire-side and Sunday-school are not the only legiti- 
mate fields of theii operations. Catechism, at least, has 
found its way into Libby. We cannot sleep until we have 
recited, whether the task be pleasant or otherwise. Now 
the gray-haired sire lifts bis venerable head, and with his 
ancient, solemn, eepulchral voice, propounds his important 
q lestions to bis listening, numerous family, who, by tho 
promptness of their replies, evince a thorough study of the 
lesson. No subject is allowed to escape. The whole course 
of Libby experionce is thoroughly canvassed, and wo to the 
man who has made himself subject of remark. Whatever 
men hivve on the brain (if they have ani/ brain), whether 
bread or bones, French or Spanish, exchange or escape, all 
must be reviewed. Whatever one has done publicly, pri- 
vately or secretly, by some magic power of the caiechist, is 
brought to judgment. Such questions as these are asked, 
" Who hid behind the big gun ? " " Wac bos Star en the 
brain?" "Who oflFered to enlist in the Kebel army to 
escape imprisonment?" "Who undertook to wash his 
clothes in the coffee-kettle ? " etc. The names of the several 
offenders are thWn out in answer, much to the amusement 
of the crowd. Thus many sleepless moments are whiled 
away in the midst of jokes almost too severe to be mirthful, 
and of facts almost too startling to be true. 

Gradually the pounding on the floor with fists and feet 
dies away, the roars of laughter cease, and "Sleep, tired 
nature's sweet restorer," comes to drive away our oares and 
to put our sorrows in oblivion. We now wander througa 
dreamland, where kind friend^-are met, loved ones held m 



382 



Historic Records. 



fond embrace ; battles too are fought, and bloody viotoiies 
won, until tha morn shall hreak again. 



THRitLiNQ Sketches.* 

Rotigh and TSitnbU. 

During Banks' retreat from Winchester, on May 24, 1862, 
four companies of the Fifth New York Cavalry, under com- 
mand of Captain Wheeler, were moving on the left flank of 
the retreating column, to protect it from any attacks from 
the Rebel cavalry. Emerging from a thick wood, Captain 
Hammond, who had the advance with four or five men, 
suddenly came upon a squad of mounted Rebels, and imme- 
diately called on them to surrender. However, they fled, 
closely pursued. Captain Hammond succeeded in approach- 
ing the hindmost, a large, powerful man, and again demanded 
a surrender. Both had their pistols drawn. Hammond 
fired, but missed his mark, owing to the fearful gait of his 
horse down a steep hill.. The Rebel did the same thing. 
Hammond now found that the cylinder of his pistol would 
not revolve, and he attempted to deal a blow with it upon 
his antagonist's head, but, missing his mark again, the wea- 
pon fell from his hand. 

Quick work was now necessary. Another spurring of his 
horse brought him within arm's length of the flying Rebel, 
whereupon he caught hold of his coat collar with both hands 
and dragged him backward from his saddle. Holding firmly 
his grasp, both horses went from under them, and they fell 



> These details were not received In time to be embodied in their 
appropriate places in the Reoords. 



nH > I .««*,*, 



T-Hu t '-^^'ii'- 






Fifth New York Cavalry. 



888 



bloodj Tiotories 



m May 24, 1862, 
airy, under com- 
the left flank of 
iny attacks from 
ik wood, Captain 
inr or five men, 
ebcls, and imme- 
wever, they fled, 
ded in approach- 
again demanded 
iwn. Hammond 
sarful gait of his 
the same thing, 
his pistol would 
low with it upon 
: again, the wea- 

: spurring of his 
;he flying Rebel, 
with both hands 
Holding firmly 
m, and they fell 

embodied in their 



pell-mell to the ground. Luckily Hammond was uppermost, 
and, seizing his foe by the throat with one hand, he sought 
with the other to gain possession of his pistol. Now com- 
menced a fearful struggle for the mastery of the weapon. 
The Rebel being the heavier, stronger man, the result seemed 
doubtful. 

But just at this moment one of company F boys rode up, 
iind. from his horse, fired at the upturned face of the pros- 
trate foe, the ball grazing his scalp, and causing him to 
reiin(|uish his hold of the pistol. Thus ended one of the 
most exciting, and, withal, amusing contests of the war. 

Straight and yarrow Way. 

One dark und stormy night, during the same march men- 
tioned in the preceding sketch, while rain fell in torrents, 
and the artillery of heaven as well as that of Maryland 
Heights, shock the mountains around Harper's Ferry, and 
the only light which penetrated the darkness was the fitful 
gleams of lightning, and the flying and bursting shells, 
which madi; the scene t«rribly grand and frightful, four 
companies of the regiment led their horses safely across the 
rail road bridge on a tingle plank, laid upon the iron frame. 

This was threading the " straight and narrow way" under 
trying circumstances, and yet the difficult task was accom- 
plished by those who felt that one of the cardinal virtues, is 
obedience to orders. 

Danger and Daring. 
In October, 1863, while the Fifth was picketing Thorough- 
fare and Hopewell gaps, Lieut. T. A. Boice, while scouting 
with his orderly a short distance from camp, was captured 

"2 



r*. 



U- 



884 



HiBTORio Records. 



'U^ 






by a dozen Rebel guerrilla, dressed in Federal uniforms. 
Boice, aa usual, waa thoroughly armed, with two revolvers 
in his saddle-bow, one in his bolt, and oae in each boot-leg. 
In their ha8t« to leave what his captors deemed to be a 
dangerous proximity to the Yankee camp, they did not 
disarm him, but fled in a by-way, where they were compelled 
to go by twos, Boice being lucki'y in the rear with a Rebel 
guard at his left. Having called the attention of his careless 
keeror from himself, with his characteristic dexterity he 
drew ti.? pistn 1 from his right boot-log, and the next moment 
the doomed Rebel waa tumbling from his horse, a dying 
man. In quick succession shot aft.er shot was discharged at 
the frightened cavaliers, who, supposing that they had fallen 
in an ambush, fled at a break-neok speed. 

Boice's orderly, who was just before him in the column, 
on discovering the game, wheeled his horse and fled in the 
direction of the camp j but Boic6 himself, forgetful of all 
danger, and intent only on punishing the enemy, remained 
in the road, firing with both hands at the deceived and 
flying foe, until at length they discovered who waa the cause 
of their casualties and fright, and, turning upon him with 
exasperation, they swooped down like eagles after tbeir prey. 
It waa now uo time for re&iatance. Mounted upon such a 
charger aa only Boice would ride, he wheeled, and, like a 
bird, flew in hia race for life. He waa closely pursued for 
several miles, receiving three bloody wounds through the 
body above the waist, also one in the hand and another 
through the thumb, but he waa confident of having killed 
one and of wounding at leact three of his captora and pur- 
aaers, and finally escaped. His faithful horse received one 
alight wound. He came into camp faint, and bathed with 



''Ml.. 



'^^•■^fe. 



tv«t^* 



;^r^« 



'i'- / 



j/>|S* ^-"a 



Fifth New York Cavalry. 



885 



oderal uniforms. 
ih two revolvers 
n each boot-leg. 
deemed to be a 
p, thej did not 
f were compelled 
ar with a Rebel 
}D of his careless 
tie dexterity he 
the next moment 
I horse, a dying 
as discharged at 
b they had fallen 

1 in the column, 
and fled in the 

forgetful of all 
inemy, remained 
e deceived and 
10 was the cause 

upon him with 
after tbeir prey, 
ed upon such a 
iled, and, like a 
iely pursued for 
ds through the 
id and another 
f having killed 
»ptors and pur- 
•se received one 
ind bathed with 



his own blood. Being temperate in hia habits, and poBseBS- 
ing an iron constitution, with a vivacious mind, in the short 
space of three months he was well and again on duty, 

Testimonial of an Enemy. 

In Blachcood'M Magazine for Febru"ry, 1&66, wo find 
the following scrap of history, in a series of articles entitled 
" Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence, by 
'Horos Von Borcke, chief of staff to Gen. J. E. B. Stuart. 

"Reconnoissance in force, and fight near Emmettsville, 
Va., Nov. 10, 1863. 

" About ten o'clock our advance guard came up with the 
enemy, with whom we were soon hotly engaged, the Yankees 
falling back slowly before ub. I could not help admiring on 
this occasion the excellent behaviour of a squadron of the 
Fifth New York Cavalry, who received with the greatest 
coolness the heavy fire of our battery, maintaining perfect 
order while shell after shell exploded in their ranks, and 
saddle after saddle was emptied, quietly filling the gaps in 
their lines, and finally only giving way when wo charged 
thorn with several squadrons." 



I 




^ 

M