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Full text of "Industries of Canada [microform] : historical and commercial sketches : Kingston, Prescott, Brockville, Belleville, Trenton, Picton, Gananoque, Sand Banks, and environs : its prominent places and people, representative merchants and manufacturers, its improvements, progress and enterprise : illustrated"

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[HE (IROWTH of the Province of Ontario in all departments of 

industry and commerce is so great that its best informed citizens 

arc not able to keep pace with the very many rai)id changes that are 

continually going on about them. I'articularly is this the case 

with the thriving cities and towns which mark the westward march 

of civilization and progress, such as Kingston, Prescott, Brock- 

ville, Uxbridge, Belleville, Trenton, Picton, (iananotiue, Sand Banks, 

Markham, Newmarket, (leorgetown, \Veston, Sarnia, Woodstock and 

Windsor, sketches of which are comprised in this volume. 

Recognizing the need of some work which would give a compre- 
hensive and intelligent knowledge of these places, the publishers have 
no hesitancy in placing such in the hands of the public,' believing that 
no volume heretofore issued contains so great an amount of useful m- 
formation. The design of the work is not only to acquaint the people 
of this Province with what properly belongs to their cities and towns, 
and the respective material growth of each, but also to place with them 
a convenient work of reference of such character that its distribution abroad will be a 
matter of interest to all. 

Whatever may have been the state of affairs set forth as existing under the Canadian 
Government, the final outcome seems to have been satisfactory to a great majority 
of this Province, and redounded to the welfare of all trade centres by giving an impetus 
in the right direction, and which is now likely to be continued. 

It has been our object to produce a volume of readable sketches dealing largely 
with local affairs of the respective places here dealt with, and particularly replete with 
personal matter in reference to those who are mainsprings commercially and otherwise, 
and with whom many of the public, familiar but in name, would gladly become more 
intimate. To the complete attainment of this object we have secured such aids and 
general support as must remove our attempt from the limits of mediocrity, and insure for 
it a permanent success. 






";•&;" ■;•:•■ ',':♦•' >1 
til 11 1 II II 1 1 I'll 


,»t:w(":!', .:-,•»'■ i-fjf..,, 

John «l. Daley & Co., RenI Kst.ite Dealers.^- 
In a young and rapidly developing city like Guclph, 
situated as it is in the best grain and stock-raising 
section of country in Canada, the business of dealing 
in real estate is necessarily a very important one, and 
especially so because, in addition to city property, 
there is a very large amount of farm property con- 
tinually changing hands, the greater [lart of which is 
handled by the firm of Messrs. John J. Daley & Co., 
who are well known, not only in this Dominion, but 
also in the United States 
and Europe. 

Mr. John J. Daley, 
whose portrait is before 
you, succeeded Messrs. 
Thompson & Jackson 
two years ago in the 
" Royal City ;" he is now 
the principal owner and 
sole manager of the most 
extensive and most sys- 
tematically conducted 
real estate business in 
farming lands in Canada. 
Mr. Daley has evidently 
achieved the success pre- 
dicted for him by several 
leading journals when he 
came to the -'Royal City" 
from Toronto. The fol- 
lowing are two brief ex- 
tracts : " John J. Daley, 
Esq., who is popularly 
known, is about to open 
a real estate office on an 
extensive scale in Guelph. 
up in law, a practical conveyancer, and thoroughly 
acquainted with the intricacies of the real estate 
business." " Being a young man well known 
to possess good ability, and all the qualities essen- 
tial to a gentleman, he may predict a prosperous 

Mr. Daley purchases a large amount of farm pro- 
perty, having within a few months' time bought 

John J. Daley, Kxq., Oiielph, Out 
He is a gentleman well 

six fiiruis at an aggregate price of $40, 
This firm have the best and most complete system 
of conducting their business known, which can 
readily bi' observed by any practical person on look 
ing over their books, and reading and examining 
their lithographed letters, agreements, pamphlets, 
etc., and more particularly when Mr. Daley briefly 
and ably explains the system which he himself has 
adopted. They have prominent agencies estalilished 
in Europe as well as in Canada, and they have 

thousands of applications 
for farm pro])erty from all 
parts of Canada, the 
United States and Eu- 
rope, ati 1 many from the 
Island of Jamaica and 
South Africa. 

The Canadian Farm 
Advertiser, published by 
this well-known firm, 
which has a very large 
circulation throughout 
Canada, Europe and 
the United States, con- 
tains the prices and full 
particular:; of about five 
hundred farms, besides 
city property, at an 
aggregate value of over 
three million dollars, 
and the sales eflfectetl 
recently through this 
medium is something 
unprecedented in the 
history of real estate 
' transactions in farming lands in Canada. The 
; firm are well known for their honorable and straight- 
\ forward system of doing business, and have thus 
} secured the full confidence of all with whom they 
have transacted business. They are active, ener- 
getic, and most reliable in all their transac- 
tions, and highly esteemed in commercial and social 

—July 1st, 1887. 



Ames, J. H., nifr l)oots and shoes and 

rubber goods 

Armstrong, John, harness maker...... 

Auburn Woollen Co., John Carnegie, 


Ifelleghem, D., furniture mfr 

Bickle, Robert, cheese bo.v mfr 

Bowie, E. K., agricultural implem'ts. 

Uraden, J., grocer, etc 

Brodie Woollen Mills, A. W. Brodie 

.Si Co., proprietors . 

City Depot, groceries, flour, feed, 

water lime, etc.. Van Every & Co.. 

City Hotel, Wm. Clancy, prop 

Craig & Mooney, furniture, etc 

Crosby, J. W., pianos and organs, etc. 
Curtis, Mark & Sons, infrs. brick and 


Dickson Co., mfrs. lumber, shingles, 

builders, sup|ilies, etc 

Dolan, T. & Co., wholesale and retail 


Klavelle, J. W., flour, feed, pork, hay, 


Gough, E. D., clothier, etc 

Grand Central Hotel, F. J. Daly, 


(ireen, Rol)ert H., grocer, eic 

Hawley Bros., tea merchants .. 

Hill, W. H., general ins. agent 

Irwin, James M., Lumber 

Le Brun, H., merchant tailor 

Lindsay-Seldon Furniture Co 

Long Bros. , confectioners, etc 

McBain, John J., grain and produce. 

McKadden, Wm , photographer 

McKee, John, druggist 

Manning, W. H.,L.D.S 

Moore, C. H. & Co., groceries and 


Moore, T. W., marble works 

Morgan House, A. P. Morgan, prop. 
Mowry, Richard, agricultural works. 

Nugent, John, druggist 

Ontario Canoe Co., James Z. Rogers, 


Ormond & Walsh, druggists 

Parker, A., steam dyeing, etc 

Peterboro Mattress and Upholstering 

Co., Faint & Doxsee, props 

Peterboro Roller Mills, Meldrum & 

Davidson, 'ijroprietors 

Quirk & Co., imp. and mfr. cigar.s 

Rubidge, Geo. W., cigars and tobac- 

Sherwood Bros., mfrs. wrapping 

paper, paper_ bags, woodenware, 

grocers sundries 

iSheppard, Henry, dry goods, cloth- 
ing, etc.„ 

.Stenson Bros., mfrs. boots and shoes. 
Stephenson, John S., canoe builder.. 

Sullivan, M., dry goods 

TuUy, J. D, Pharmacist 

Turner, J. J., sail, tent and awning 


Wainright, Mrs. R., hair goods 

Wainright, Robert, wholesale and 

retail butcher and ice dealer 

Warde, G. F., groceries, flour and 


Wilson, Macfarlane, wholesale and 

retail crockery 


Anderson, Nugent iS; Co. .furniture 

manufacturers 63 

Benson House, E. Benson, Prop 66 

Berry, J., m.inufacturer saddles, har- 
ness, trunks 73 

Bryans, Robert, lumber, laths, shing- 
les, coal 69 

Campbell, A., flour, grain, pork, gro- 
ceries, etc 68 

Chambers* Faniuharson, mfrs. gran- 
ite and marble monuments, etc 67 

Carr's Motel, G'lo. Carr, proprietor... 70 
City Livery Stable, Walsh .S: Begg, 

proprietors bj 

Dal)' House, E. Daly, proprietor 63 

Dobson, John, grocer, wines, liiiuors 

and tobacco 68 

Edwards, J. G., hardware and car- 
riage hardware 71 

Foley, Wni., shelf hardware, leads, 

oils, etc... 72 

Goodwin, W, A., wall paper and 

picture framer 74 

Graham & Lee, groceries 72 

Higinbotham, A., druggist 63 

Holtorf, H., furniture mfr. and under- 
taker 72 

Hurley & Brady, groceries, grain, 

flour, etc 75 

Irwin, Win. H., pump mfr 73 

Knowlson, J. B., general ins. agent.. 71 

Kylie, R., carriage works 73 

.Lindsay Planing Mills, Geo. Ingle & 

*l< .<^o •. 74 

"'j Lisle, Joseph, tanner and currier 65 

Mackay, Wm., merchant tailor 74 

Mansion House, J. S. McCarthy, 

proprietor 62 

Milne, Geo. A., merchant tailor 65 

Matthews, Geo., pork packer . . ...... 73 

O'Connell, Dennis, blacksmith 74 

O'Connor, L., carriage mfr 64 

Petty, S. J jeweller 68 

Perrin, .S. , druggist 66 

R'8gs> Joseph, tobacco, cigars and 

jewellery .. 63 

Robson, Thos., mfr. wa.\ed and grain- 
ed leather 69 

Robson, W. M., groceries, china and 

glassware 70 

Royal Hotel, Thos. McConnell, pro- 
prietor 64 

Smyth, R. & Son, imps, dry goods. 

milliner>, clothing, etc 65 

Sootheran, Cathro & Mark, dry 
goods, millinery, carpets, merchant 

tailoring, etc 67 

Terry, A. B., confectioner 71 

Wallace, J. W., prop. Lindsay Wool- 
len Mills 66 

Williamson, E., photographer 70 

Williamson, J. A., saddles, trunks, 

valises 70 


Clarke, J. T., jeweller 76 

Deyell, R., groceries and crockery.... 75 
54 Gillott, John, cabinet maker and un- 
dertaker 76 

56jNeedhani, J. E., pianos, organs, ag- 
ricultural implements, etc 76 

45lQueen's Hotel, S. Crocker, prop 77 


Heaverton Roller Mills, Dobson iV 

Campbell, proprielr)rs 77 

Cameron, James, hardware 78 

Hamilton House, Ale.v. Hamilton, 

proprietor 78 

McNabb, D., dry goods and groceries 78 

Smith, Will., foundry 78 


American House, W. F.dvards 80 

Bertram, Peter, general hardware. . 84 

Boyce, Henry, brickniaker 81 

Cameron, H. T., farm implements, 

organs and pianos 81 

Dan McKiiil.iy's Livery 8q 

Del.any, F. J., boat builder 86 

Donnelly, R. M., agricultural iniple- 

nier.ts 89 

Eaton, J. R., builder and contractor. 89 

Elliott, lluiitly, boat builder 81 

Fletcher Bros., boots and shoes 82 

Eraser, A., livery 8.) 

Gaskin, W., iiake.- and confectioner., yq 

Golden Beaver, J. 1 Tipping & Co.. 88 

Couchiching Planing ivli'l 81 

Grand Central Hotel, V. C. Crockett. 85 

H.iger, S. A., groceries 88 

Herbert, M. J , brewer 79 

Kean, K., Sons & Co., dry goods. ... 87 
Kinnon, Mrs. J., groceries and pro- 
visions 90 

Ltlwrenceft Co., Dominion Restaurant 87 

McDonald, Mrs. L. M 82 

McPliee, S. D., surgeon dentist 82 

Mllrhell, ']'. B., furniture manufac- 
turer 88 

Orillia Ta-uary, S. Wainwright 8j 

OriUia Roller Klour Mills 90 

Our House, J. H. Wilson 85 

Phillips, T. & Co., stoves and tinware. 80 
Ramsay, William, carriage manufac- 
turer 86 

Reeve, G. W., agricultural imple- 
ments 89 

Robinson, T. H.,chemistandstationer 85 

Ross, Robert W., carriage builder. . . 84 

Ru.s.sell House, R. 1). Moodie 87 

Simcoe House, VV. W. Robin.son. . . . 83 

Slaven, J. W., druggist and bookseller 81 
Strathearn Bros., watchmakers and 

jewellers 83 

The Bankrupt .Store, John T. Porter 

& Co 90 

The Old OriUia Foundry, Francis 

Tutton & Sons 85 

The People's Tailoring House, E. 

Baker 84 

The People's Mill, Walker Bros 86 

Thompson, J. B., watchmaker and 

jeweller 85 

Thomson, C. E., veterinary surgeon. 90 

Traders Bank of Canada 84 

Tresidder& Henderson, tinsmiths and 

plumbers 86 

Wilson, J. G., implements and seeds 82 


Franklin House, Ed. C. Hall 125 

Godfrey's Livery 124 

Markham Shingle Mill, P. E. Jaynes 124 

Tremont House, F. G. Percy 124 


W. Staiilschmidt & Co. 


Office, School, Chtirch and Lodge 








No. 2.— CHAIR. 


e-*a.tte iiiAa.^ 


-FOR — 


— ANU- 

Jr*rice List 


o 2 
^ O 

> ? 


^ O 


Patented Jan. 14th, 1886. 

See Page 147. 

\. \ i 










Maker, W. J,, carriaKC mantiractiirer. 

Hruwn, (!. iV J.> iiianiirAcUiiinK com- 
pany, luiiiult'r^ aiul iiiai liiniNts. . . . 

I hciwii, A. k , liardwaie 

Uaviii, Will., hanit's'. iiiaiiiiracliirer . 

I)ickcns, H. ('. « Siiii, l>akrr~<aii>lciiM- 

•■'enn, H, fi J., ciKnf* and tiiliaccu 

Kr(»t, John (i., iiifr. caUiiiet ware . 

Ko.^ler, T. V., vrii'rinary surneiHi . . . 

lieen, Allien I.., <liii>;){ist 

(»ilisoii H'Hise, Kulitit (iibsini 

Malnes it l.ockelt, luml?. and -.liocs. 

Masliiigs, Loan and IrnesUiieiit So- 

Ileadqiiarters Motel, Win. Ryan.... 

Meiinessy, lames, dry uoods 

Johnston, James, niercliarl tailorinK 

Mclllc, Will., stoves ami tinware.... 

')'ltrien's Hotel, Win. ,\. Taylor, prop. 

Panter, J. C. gents' furnisliinK 

Kitcliie, (leo, \ i;o., dry Koods 

Sanderson, K. I(., fruit and confec- 

SpanKenlierK, .S. A., importer and 
manufacturer of jewelU-i y, etc 

Stroud, Hros , importers tei'.s and 

Sulman, ( !. \V., fancy goods 

The Family Kmporiuin, J. (.'overell. . 

'Ihompson, Win., undertaker 

Unioii Hotel, Joliii (iautliier 

Verniilyea, C. H., clothing 

Wamsley & Kpaftord, grocers 


Honter, t'. II., jeweller 

Ihillen & Spaflord, groceries 

tJr.'iig, Jaiiies it t.'c., groceries 

Cumining, Win., fruits and confec- 

Mr. Day 

Ucans, Dr., chemist and druggist 

Keeler, Win. N., general lil.icksinith 

Kno.\, A,, drugs, stationery, etc 

McCready & Co., mercliant lailors. . 

.McClung, S. K. & Co., sto\es and 

.Miller, \V, W., grocerie.s and provi- 

Nethery, S. IJ , groceries 

Nulty, John H., dry gooils 

Ostrom, (lillierl W 

O'Neil, J. R., grocer 

Queens' Motel, M. R. ruirlingliani. . 

Roenigk, Louis Jr., furniture 

Kawe, (jeorge D., jeweller 

Saiisom, R. A., builder and contractor 

Seeds, Thomas W., sash, door and 
lilinil manufacturer 

.'^hea, Win., stoves and tinware 

Skeltoii, James & Co., planing mill. 

Stewart's Banking House 

■Symington, K. D., agricultural manu- 

The Seven Cent Bargain House, 
David Lane 

Trenton Bridge and Engine Works. . 

Voung & Douglas, dry goods 










94 j 





1 03 1 


97 1 












Corkindale, A. I., general store 154 

Fralick & Bros., carriage manufac 

turers 153 

Johnson, W. F., photographer 155 

Lent, J. E., marble works 155 

Mottashed, J., grocer 156 

Porte, W. J., jeweller 155 

Wilcocks, H. S., groceries, crockery, 

etc 155 

Welbank, H., hardware 154 

Welsh, John, carriage manufacturer. . 154 

Wait, i. N., stoves and tinware 154 



Baker, Robert, cigars and tobncCos.... ijB 

llaslow, J. (i,, sanitarian 131 

Drown, J. W. & Co., carriage builders 129 

Brock, A. M., jeweller 129 

Dolaii, Martin, harness maker 130 

(iibson, David, groi;er 127 

(iront, .\ ( , sign and ornamental 

painter and scenic ortist 130 

Jackson & (o., bottlers 130 

Johns, Thos. M., Victoria Warehouse IJ9 
McMalion, .\. J., dry goods and gents' 

furnishinKs 131 

Miniies& Burns, dry goods, carpels 

etc 128 

Montgomery, R., Slrau' Dye Works. laB 

Newlands, K., tobacconist 129 

Opera Fish Market, W. II. 

Carnovsky, prop 127 

Pipe, \V., bottler of ale, porter, beer, 

etc 127 

I'owell, J. W., photographer, 128 

Rattenbury, j. R., gents' fiirnisliings 127 
Runians, N. 1%., groceries, crockery, 

etc 131 

Slittldon jJc Davis, photographers 131 

Simmonds, A. D., stationer .. 129 

Spence & Crumley, dry goods, etc. . 130 
Swans on. A., baker and coiifectioper 127 
The China Tea Store, Jamis Redden ijo 


Bradley Mouse, Mrs, J. Uradlfiv ... 121 

Daniels' Motel, L. M. Daniels, prop.. i-'2 
'irenville Hrewery, John .McCarthy 

A; .Son, props 121 

Prescott Brewing & M.-.ltingCo. , (!eo. 

'I'. Labatt, ingr 12a 

Ryan Mouse, A. Ryan, prop 121 

Smith, James, furiiltipe and under- 
taking 122 


Ashley, ( 1. K., merchant t.iiior 125 

Bishop, ( leo. W., meicbaiit tailor ... 123 

Brady, Thos., dry goods 124 

Das'is, R. A: Son, dry goods 124 

Copelaiid, K., boots and shoes 124 

Dresser Ji Dresser, merchant tailors.. 1.24 

Mcl'.wan, T.| fnriiiiiiriandu;idertaker 12 j 

McMillan, P. K., druggist 1 

Moore tSc Rehoe, merchant tailors 123 

Ontario (Hove Works, James Hall & 

Co., jirops ... 1 

Vineberg, C. P., gents' furnishings ... 124 


Carriage Gear Mar'ifactory 133 

Darling, David, groceiies 13) 

Kureka House, W. F. l-atiiiicr 135 

Ferguson, John, clotl'.iiig and milli- 
nery 132 

CanaiKxiue Carriage Co., H. 1',. 

Walton, manager 134 

Marri.son St (Jraiige, ilruggists 134 

[ohnston, R. R., merchant tailoring. 133 

.McCullougb & Robinson, dry goods 135 

Provincial Hotel, Neil McCarney. .. 134 

Richardson & Jackson, dry goods. . . 134 

Robinson, James, t;racer 132 

Sheppard, S., grocer 732 

.Skinner & Co., saddlery hardware, 

et''. 135 

St. Lawrence Woollen Mills, Cook & 

Mi^ntyre 132 

Taylor, Robert, dry goods 133 

Thompson, Hugh, general merchant. 133 

Turner, J. B., groceries 135 


Evergreen House, J. C. Conger, pro- 
prietor 136 

Lake Shore House, McDonald & 
Hyatt, proprietors 136 



Bail), I. f'l., tinsmith, stoves, etc 133 

Bain Waggon Factory 14^ 

Biidierton, R. & ( o., builders' sup- 
plies, etc 1)1 

Boyes, W. < i., boo! s, stationery, etc. 145 

Carter, I homas, pianos, organs, etc. . 137 

Catling, J. I., pliiiiilier, etc 14 , 

Chaplin, F., poi k pai kir, etc i (g 

Commcriiai Motrl, (l. .\, Forbes.. . 136 

( ovcntry, John, dry gooils 14, 

Dent, A. !.., grocer 138 

Douglas, John, siiildlriy andlianirss 114 

lliinii, F. W., saw and tool repairing. 1 14 
Francis, A. W., pr.iprietor Wooilstock 

Ti lilts I )(, 

Fulton, R. R. iV Co., groceries 14,. 

(^•ould lliotticrs, llniir and feed 14.1 

(Ireat Western Rolling .Mills, Mc- 

Donalil vV Tlioiiipson i j; 

May, James I'v to. , furniture 1 jj 

May, James li (11., glue 13a 

Imperial Bank of I aiiada 136 

Karn, W. .\., druggist 14a 

Knight iV liniwii, real estate, etc. .. . 141 

McDean, A., hardware 143 

McDonald, James, dry goods 14... 

Mcintosh A (iriffiths, coal, wood, etc. 140 

McKay, R. del ick, merchant tailor.. 134 
McKeii/ie, John A., insurance and 

transportation i^i 

Mcl.eod, James II., merchant tailor. 13; 

.\leriier & Co., merchant tailors 146 

Millman, W. fl., crockery, groceries. 137 

Molsons Bank 140 

Morrison, John, groceries 13^1 

Newton, .Andrew, merchant tailor ... 136 
New York Store, C. J. 'I'uthill & Co., 

groceries, etc i ^ ^ 

O.vford Foundry and ICngine \\'orks. . 138 

O.xford Tin Sheet Mill Works 14a 

Peacock, Daniel, builders' supplies ,. t4o 

Perks, W. C., .M.D., physician, etc.. 145 

Pike, John, seeil warehouse 137 

Reid, W. A., groceries, etc I'^i 

Richmond, D. C'., boots and sbo»s. .. 13:' 

Ross, J. A., boot and shoe maker. . . . 138 

.Sachs, .A., plumber, etc 139 

Sawiell, R. W., insurance 154 

Scott, James, groceries, wines, etc.. 1 55 

Sharp, IC, furniture 141 

Siple, ¥.. F., b.ikerand confectioner.. 139 

Stark, R t^ her t, chemist 139 

Thomas, F. C. & C.^., organ nianfrs.. 144 
Wadland it Webber, land, loan and 

insurance 14^ 

Watson, Alexander, mfr. of stoves... 138 

Watson, Alex., Jr., tinsmith, stoves 143 

Wetherall, Francis, gioctries 141 

White, John S: Co., dry goods 131 

Whitney, J. L., stoves, tinware, etc. 146 

Willis Bros,, cigars, billiards, elc. . . . 140 

Wilson, W. C. , groceries ij ^ 

Wootl, W. M., agent 144 

Woodard, A. J., meats 132 

Woodburn Roller Mills, Suilter it 

Mc(jiiibban i j^ 

Woodstock Planing Mills, F. B. 

Scofield. 140 


Dominion Foundry, Ben Plowman... 130 

Linton, J., general store : jo 

Pratt, W. P., harness and collar iiikr. 130 
Taylor, Geo., baker 1 30 


Barclay, P., stationery 160 

F-ndress Bros., furniture 160 

Pearce, C, dry goods ijg 

Van Camp, J. C, Furniture and Un- 
dertaking ijg 

Van Tuyl and Fairbank, carriage 

manufacturers ifio 

Van Tuyl and Fairbank, hardware, . 160 




The Great International IIigiivvay between every City in 

Ontario and Quebec, and all principal points across 

the American Continent. 

^\ne p>cacl2e^all 

(^Id Orchard Beach Portland 

Quebec White Mountains 

Rapids of the River St. Lawrence 

Thousand Islands Niagara Falls 

Lakes George and Champlain 


Montreal Peterborough 

London St. Catharines 

Hamilton Chatham 

Brockville Ottawa 

Sarnia Kingston 

Toronto Detroit 

Buffalo Chicago, Etc. 

Pullman's Palace Sleeping and Parlor Cars are attached to all 
Express Trains and run through on quick time. 

An extensive variety of Tourist tickets on hand at all the 

principal offices, comprising the most popular and 

interesting routes on the continent. 

Through tickets at Lowest Fares on sale at all Stations and Agencies. 

Wm. Edgar, L J. Seargeant, J. Higkson, 

General Pass, Agent Traffic Manager General Manager 



y in 











Its Ei.EMKNTS ok WiCAi.rn, Manui acturinc; Industriks and AdRicui/ruRAr, 

I'RODiKTioNs, Etc. 

|HK steadily increasirif,' population of the Old Country, and tho (loldH of induHtiy and 
onterpriKc wliicli in so nnuiy l)i'uiclien of trade, owin^i to improved labor-Having 
niacliinery and the iinportationa of other countritn, have become ko restricted, cause 
vast nunibcrH to look to the colonics of Great Urilain fortliat lield of labor svliich is jjractically denied 
them at home, or is so crowded and circumscribed as to prevent the development and exercise of 
tliat luitive talent or energy, which, if properly used, should in the course of time lead to a com- 
petency and independence. The employment of capital not less than the employment of lai)()r, 
the relief of distressed trades, of overpeopled districts, of individuals and their families strut,'f,'linK 
vainly without hope, and of overflowing; manufactures seeking; a nnirkct and a beneficial ret-.u — 
are all comiected with the subject of emi^jration and with the effects tintt (,'row out of it in a 
new country. It is not therefore to be wondered at that the public should not be easily satisfied 
in their iiiquiries upon a subject which in times like the present comes home to the businesses and 
boBoma of a larf,'e and enterprising class of individuals. As the interest of the subject rises above 
tliose classes by whom it has hitherto been looked upon merely as an ultimate relief from pressing 
distress, and extends to persons in better circumstances, who begin to in(iuiro into tho state, 
prosjjects and industries of these new countries which open such a field for energy and enterprise, 
a species of information comes to be required more particular and authentic than the hasty opinions 
of publishing travellers or the brief reports of settlers in the woods. Such information is the object 
of these publications on the iN'nUKiniiis of Canada. 

The Imperial Government has for many years attempted to deal with the surplus population, 
and liberal assistance has continuously been granted to deserving and desirable emigrants. The 
question at the start for those wlio contemplate leaving their native land is, naturally, wliere to go. 
Equally natural it seems to be that as the individual growth of a town or city is in a westerly 
direction, so the civilization and development of this globe has advanced in a similar path, and 
the would be emigrant unconsciously follows the immortal advice of Horace Greeley, "Go west, 
young man, go west 1 " and turns his eyes to the western continent of America. Though Great 
Britain has possessions in all parts of the globe, it is to Canada that most look for the eBtablish- 
ment of that new home over the seas, amd the reasons are patent. The Dominion is within 
comparatively easy access, the rates for passag"} are very low, the difference in life and climate is 


not 'o marked as is (jenerally 8U).;'')s<i'il, \/hik' as a laud of reaourcoH ('anada offers indiicfsments 
which cannoti readily he duplicated. The history of this country is in a fji'eut measure made up of 
her individual settlers and of the five millions cf people who are now spread over this vast extent 
of territory. Miuiy thousiuids came liere, both in early youth and in middle a^e, who, without 
any means, l-.ave nevtrtheless, by ti.e exercise of indomitable eiiergy :ind perseverance, attained an 
independence, and ii many cases atHuence. This is especially the case with tenant farmers from 
Pi lain. Never in the history of En«^lish farminj; have bad years so successively and for so long a 
v^ontiuuation followed the efforts f tlrj aj^riculturist at home, yet to him at all times (^anada opens 
up her boundless tracks of rich ai-d fertile soil, which are simply awaitiuf,' the ploujjh of the 
pioneer. It is true that some hardships may at first havo to be encountered, but the certain hope 
of independe' o is sutTicient to sustain the mind under all temporary privations. The settler 
here sees the time fast a))proachin}i when the wilderness to him shall be " a fruitful field, ^.nd the 
desert shall blossom as the rose," wlion the productive soil shall gratefully yield an ample reward 
to his toils. 

The emigration from European countries has in the last f w decades constituted an exodus 
which has formed a remarkable feature in modern history, and no Detter emif^ration agents are in the 
field than tnise who liave settled here, and liave by practical experience benefited by the change of 
country, and wiio now urge friend": and relations to throw ofT tlie ties of a long association and find 
here a new liome, witli every hope of prosp-arit.y a;;" success. Statistics show that during me last 
twelve years about two and a lialf millions of people liave emigrated from and through Great Britain, 
and there is at present no signs of any decrease in numbers. Many of 'hese have permanently located 
in Canada, and a fato which in this connection i i an iniportant one, as illustrating the prosperity 
liere attained, is thai lai-ge sums of money — in one year amounting to over $10,000,000 — are annually 
transmitted to the Old Country to prepay the passages of friends to enable them also to emigrate. 

Tlie consideration of tlie right classes whr> should emigrate is an iniportant factor, as it cannot 
be dei.ied tliat many, by specious promises ari false statements of emigration agents and other 
interested parties, are induced to emigrate to Canada who aro botli unfit and undesirable settlers. 
Canada is essei 'iially an agricultural country ; her riches are the result of the illimitable resources 
of lier fertile soil. Hence there is primarily a steady demand for tlie tiller of the land ; f^is demand 
lias ever exceeded the supply, 8.nd the inducements offered to the farm labourer cannot be excelled 
in any country. There has ever been a gt'eat scarcitj' of female domestic servants, and such find 
here immediate employment and remunerative wages. It is more difficult to speak collectively of 
mechanics and artisans. In seasons of special activity there is steady employment, at good wages, 
for carpenters, joiners and bricklayers, but there are periods at wliich work is difiicult to obtain ; 
higlily skilled labor finds, however, a ready market, and tlie completion of tlie Canadian Pacific 
Railway should develop new industries in tlie Ncrtli-West. In a general way the various manu- 
factories, wliicli in all our cities and towns are in some brancli or orther engaged in active operation, 
make a demand for immigrant labor, while tlie timber, fisliin;' and mineral resources of the 
Dominion all attract tlieir due proportion of labor and enterprise. 


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Aa the riilurian and Laurentian rock-bed8 stretcli under the seas from the mother land to 
•Canada, so do the firm bonds of mutual interest and brotherly affection cause the two peoples to together on the <.'round of a common Imperial origin, a common pr.jsent purpose, with equal 
hopes of a profitable and inseparable future alliance. 

Amongst the numerous colonial possessions of Great Britain, Canada has long ranked an the 
brightest gem in the Imperial diadem, and as emigration from the Old ('ountry is especially 
ilirected towards her ever inviting shores, the history of the Dominion is of more general interest 
in an individual sense than that of other and more distant colonies. 

• The honor of discovering thai portion of North America afterwards called Canada is con- 
sidered to belong to John Cabot and his son Sebastian, both Italipus, who, two years after the 
discoveries of Columbus became known in England, received a commission from Henry VII. to 
discover a north-west passage to the East Indies or China. In the year 14S7 these adventurers 
sailed with six ships, and in June of the same year discovered the coast of Newfoundland. Pursuing 
their course they reached Labrador, which they erroneously behaved to be part of the Indian 
continent, from which mistake the natives of this country hive continuously been styled Indians. 
Here their researches seem to have ceased ; and having taken possession of the territory in the 
name of the king, they returned to England. 

It is, however, to Jacques Cartier, an able navigator, of St. Malo, France, that the honor of 
piercing the interior of Canada belongs. He, in 1534, took command of an expedition to the western 
world, and entering the Gulf of St. Lawrence, landed at what is now Gaspe Bay, where he planted 
the French flag, erecting a large cross with a shield bearing the arms of France. 


The orif^in of the name of Canada in involved in much obscurity, and the accountB of the 
different authorities vary conaidei-ably. One autlur says : "An ancient Castilian tradition existed 
that the Spaniards viHited these coasts before the French, and having,' perceived no appearance of 
mines or riclies, they excUiinicd frecjnently, ' Acanada ' (sipiifyiiif,' ' Here is nothing,'') ; the natives 
cauKlii up the sound, and wlieu otlier Europeans arrived, repeated it to tliem. The strauHers con- 
chided that these vverds were a designation, and from tliat time thii magnificent country bore the 
name of Canada." 

Charlevoix, however, gives a different derivation, and supposed the name to have originated front 
the Indian word " Kannata," signifying a collection of huts, whicli is most probably the true origin 
of the title since given to the whole country. 

In 1542 Cartier returned to France, whore he soon afterwards died, and for many years no 
further action was taken in regard to this vast territory, wliicli his enterprise had gained for his 
sovereign. Home sixty years later there appears upon the scene one of the most remarkable of the 
many men who have aided in moulding the fortunes and destinies of Canada— Samuel de Cham- 
plain. A noted discoverer and geographer, he had risen to the rank of captain in the royal marine 
of France ; he had also served as a soldier and fought during the wars of the League, under Henry 

of Navarre ; he was a hero of the mediiBval type, 

of chivalric courage, fond of romantic enterprise, 
and inspired by religious enthusiasm. In 1G08 two 
sipall banjues, of twelve and fifteen tons, bore a 
band of liardy adventurers, under the command of 
Champlain, ao-oss the stormy deep : their voyage 
was, however, a fruitless one in discovering the 
Indian trading posts and friendly natives, who 
were the object of their search, and they soon re- 
turned. In ]''04 a second expedition, of which 
Champlain was again a member, under the com- 
mand of Sicur de Monts, who was granted vice- 
regal power, started out, and gaining the IJay of 
Fundy, a settlement was founded on the main 
coast, Jiear the ))reseni site of St. John, on which 
tlie name of Port Royal was bestowed. It was. 
an unfortunate choice of site. The winter set in 
early and the cold was intense; the Frenc' 
became an easy prey to disease, and of the seventy- 
nine exiles, thirty-five fell victims before the spring to the dire ravages of scurvy. The indomitable 
spirit and perseverance of Champlain alone prevented the whole party sinking into lethargy and 
despair. Succours fortunately arrived from France, which a<;ain in IfiOCi were further augmented, 
to be, however, followed the following year with the revocation of the charter and orders to abandon 
the settlement. 

BafHed in his attempts to plant a colon\' in Acadia, De Monts dispatched Champlain up the 
So. Lawrence to locate a suitable site for a new settlement. Proceeding up that noble river, the 
voyager of to-day will find the feature.; of the country, which at its mouth were rough and rugged,^ 
gradually soften, particularly towai'ds the south, and its cultivation rapidly increase, with many 
pretty and picturesque settlements along its margin, until, passing the Island of Orleans, which 
divides the river into two narrow channels, he comes suddenh' upon a lofty rock on its northern 
banks, upon the summit of which he will perceive the flag and fortifications of the high-seated 
citadel of Quebec. The history of Quebec for close on two centuries may be said to be that of 
Canada, and as such more than ordinary interest is attached to tiie " Rock City." 



On the 3rd of July, KiOH, Clmmplaiii's little baiitl, but twenty-eij^ht in number, landed and 
founded the site of the present city, and the establishment of the French in Canada became an 
«8tabli8hed fact. Champlain continued his wise- administration of the infant settlement up to the 
time of his death in 1(13"). The colony could ill spare him ; for twenty-seven years he had labored 
hard for its welfare, sacrificing fortune, repose and domestic peace, to a cause embraced with 
eulliusiasni and pursued with intrepid persistency. With the life of this faithful soldier closed 
tlie opening period of "New Franco." In 1(;:{7 the .Jesuit's (ollege was founded, while Ui'.V.i 
miirked the arrival of the Ursnline nuns, who weie destined to render invaluable assistance to 
popular education. Witliin the piecincts of tlieir convent lie buried tiie renuiins of the gallant 
Montcalm, who fell in the eventful battle of the Plains of Abrc.ham, Sept. IS, IToO. 

View from the Citeidel, Qiicbee, 

ovcrloolinatlie St. 


It not till 1()G5, when the wise policy of Louis XIV. instituted a Koyal Government, that 
any substantial progress in the new settlement was made. Under his paternal care, horses, sheep, 
cattle, and young women for wives, were dispatched in abundance, and in one season nun-e than two 
thousand persons had landed at Quebec at the royal charge. 

One obtains glimpses of the jiristine state of Quebec through the early police regulations. Each 
inhabitant was required to make a gutter along the middle of the street, befoi-e his house, and also 
to remove refuse and throw it in the river. All dogs, without exception, were ordered home at nine 
o'clock. Smoking in the streets was forbidden, as a precaution against lire ; householders were 
required to provide themselves with ladders, and when the fire alarm was I'ung all able-bodied 
persons were obliged to run to the scene of danger, with buckets or kettles full of water. 

The infant colony did not get through its early years without trouble. The New Englanders 
were the bitter fo.'>s of the French, who at first had the best of it in many a tussle. The Indians 
usually sided with the CJatholics against the Puritans, and their aid was very material assistance. 
In the Maritime Provinces the Acadians could make no successful head, but Louisburg remained a 
tower of strength, and a rallying point for the French, until \l\e year before the fall of Quebec. 





t >. 

» I 

After tlie disastrous defeat of 
tl.3 Kiif^lish under Sir WilliiiiM 
Phipps, tlie colony enjoyed ii lonj^ 
period of unbroken tran<iuillity, 
during whicli time arts, com- 
merce, at^riculture and ^'eneral 
manufactures slowly prof,'resBed. 

jijff'*- I'cn-f of the l.tnrcr Uampurts—V'ivw at.Quibec, 

In 1713 was si>,'ned tiie treaty of Utrecht, 
which ceded the Hudson Bay Territory, 
Newfoundland and Acadia, to Britain, while 
France retained Canada, Cape Breton and 
some fishery rights in the Gulf of St. Law- 
rence, leaving still dangling between the two rivals that everlasting apple of discord, the question of 
the boundaries. 

The year 1759, by the results it led to, is one of the most memorable in Canadian annals. 
Under the French domination Canada was more a military than an agricultural colony ; during 
time of war the various settlements were little more than a chain of bai'racks ; while tlie more 
mercantile and agricultural settlements on the British — now the American — side of the St. 
Lawrence and the lakes, were rapidly progressing in prosperity and power. The State of 
Massachusetts alone at this time could muster 40,000 men capable of bearing arms ; Connecticut, 
27,000; New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania and Virginia could add considerably to the 
number ; and though at the commencement of the next campaign the Canadian forces gained some 
partial advantages, the day was fast approaching when the proud fleur-de-lis of haughty France- 
must bend beneath the paw of the British lion. 






William Pitt, then Prime Minister, had resolved that the flat,' "f "'d England should float on 
the bastions of Quebec. Canada was to be invaded at three distinct points by over .helniinf< forces, 
with Quebec as the centre of attack. Tlie ancient capital is thus for ever identified with the renown 
of the two ffceui nations who contended for its possession ; and the history of this period will always 
be referred to as equally interestinf,', attractive and important. U'lie varied incidents of the 
expedition — the arrival before the town, the attack of the lire ships, the defeat at ^Montmorency, 

the bomb ar( 
raeut from Point i 
Levis, the land 
ing under thei 
heights of Abra* 
ham, tlie battle 
of the Plains, the-, 
death of the two 
heroic leaders, 
the surrender, the battle of 
Sillery or St. Foye, the siege 
by the French, and the arrival 
of the English fleet— form a 
series of spirit-stirring events 
which possess the mind with 
the eager interest of vicissi- 
tudes, as they in turn develop 
the great game of war, played 
by the most skillful hands and 
for the noblest stakes. The 
scene of this heroic drama, the actors and the event, will be for ever memorable. Any one who visits 
the celebrated Plains of Abraham, the scene of this glorious fight— equally rich in natural beauty 
and historic I'ecollections — will admit that no site could be found better adapted for displaying the 
evolutions of military skill and discipline, or the exertion of physical force and determined valor. 
The victory of the English, which forever settled the fate of Canada, was, however, dearly bought 
by the death of the valiant Wolfe at the very moment when success was assured ; though a death 
more glorious, attended with circumstances more picturesque and interesting, is nowhere to be 
found in the annals of history. A lofty monument to the joint memory of Wolfe and his great 
rival, Montcalm, is now erected on the spot where the former fell. 

A complete change now took place in Canada. From the lofty cape, where for more than one 
hundred and fifty years the white flag of France had waved defiantly, now streamed the banner of 
St. George ; a Hanoverian sovereign, who held his sceptre by virtue of the conquest of England by 

A l^iew 'rom the Citadel, Quebec 




. ''^ 

i I 


■ 1 1 


i .'! 

1 r 

William the Norman, was now called on by conquest 
to rnle over a Norman colony. HiHtory has many of 
theHe myrtterioiiH tciichin(<H. 

In udditiou to hcinf{ the oldest city in Nortli 
America, Quebec, historically Hpeakin^, is also the 
most interesting'. The traditions and associations 
which clin>{ to its beetling,' crays and hoary battlements, 
and cluster around its Inittlefields, monnnients and 
institutions, are luunerous and important in the eyes 
of the world. History speaks from every stone of its 
ruined walls and from every standpoint of its snr: 
roundiuf^s; antiijuity is stamped upon its face, and 
qnaintncHs is its chief characteristic. 

The points of ^'reatest interest are the followinii,' : 
The Dufferin Durham Terraces give a walk, 
with a view which is one of the " f;;rcat views of the world." Athens, Prague, Edinburgh, 
Salzburg, Venic6 and Quebec have, perhaps, the most beautiful sites ; and travellers will agree 
that the last is not the least in jmsaessing the attributes of grandeur. From this terrace a circuit 
should be made along the " Old Town Lines "--ancient embrazured defences, still showing the 
cannon of a past age pointed to the approaches by which assaults were made in the last century. 
If such a promenade be taken, the tourist will pass the wing of the old Chateau de Ht. Louis, where 
dwelt the French governors and commanders, and passing the Post Office, should note a curious 
stone inlaid in tlio new wall — a stone wliich came from an old building, and whose story forms the 
motive of a charming novel, written by W. Kii-by in English, called the '• Chien d'Or," a book 
which should be bought and read at Quebec. 

The Archbishop's palace is a goodly pile of stone, wherein lives the prelate, who most worthily 
represents a Church winch governs the conscience of as hardy, pure and happy a population as 
exists anywhere in the fold of the Catholic communion. The palace, a great seminary, and a 
university that was founded l)y Hishop Laval, and named after him, all stand together, enclosing 
a pleasant garden above the rampart walls. A good museum, rich in Indian pipes and other 
remains of the red man, a library and excellent lecture rooms, fill this fine university building. 

Nearly a half of the ciicumference of the citadel has now been traversed in our walk, and from 
the fortress we obtain the very best all-round view. Looking up the river, just in front of us is the 
grass-covered plateau on which was fought the famous battle. Beyond is a curve in the river, and 

it was in that bay 
that the red coats 
landed, to swarm 
up the wooded cliff 
b afore the grey 
dawn came on the 
famous morning in 
September, 1759. 
A verj- ugly prison 
building stands 
near the place 
where the English 
general died. To 

the right the city 
The Citadel, Quebec 

t;^^^,'y^^^>^' ,Sh«*^ 




has extended fnr beyond its old liniitH, and itH upper fringe of villas encircleH tiio liiindHonio now 
Purliument buildinf{B of t)ie Provincial Lut^iHlaturo. 

li'olfe's Cove, near Quebec 

Quebec is well called the Gibraltar of British America, the strength uf its citadel and its 
remarkable position for a full command of the St. Lawrence below, and the country around it, 
fully entitlinf^ it to this appsllat'on. The population of the city is about ()3,000, wliile the 
surrounding country forms a complete panorama of the most picturesque scenery in the world. 
The climate is one of the happiest under the sun. There is no malaria, every climatic influence 
being healtliy and pure. 

In the Province of Quebec there are about (),000,000 acres of land surveyed, the population by 
the census of 1881 being 1,359,027 ; of these 1,073,820 were of French origin ; 81,515 of English; 
54,923 of Scotch ; 123,749 of Irish ; and the remainder of other origins. Classified according to 
religion, there are 1,170,718 Roman Catholics and 188,309 Protestants. Agriculture is the chief 
occupation of the people of Quebec, but manufactures, fishing in its great waters, and commerce 




occupy the labors of u considerable part of the population, as do also lumbering', mining and 


Let UH leave these hyperborean problt mih and look at the shores of Labrador or Newfoundland. 

Those of the north- 
ern land are low, 
those of the south- 
ern island bold, in- 
dented and pictures- 
que. It was upon 
these that the gaze 
fell of the first Eu- 
ropean who discov- 
ered the New World, 
when Eric the Bed's 
son. Lief, coasted 
along them in his 
Norse galley in the 
days when, as Hum- 
boldt says, "the Cal- 
iphate of liagdad 
was still flourishing 
under the Abbassi- 
des, and while the 
rule of the Saman- 
ides, so favorable to 
poetry, still flourish- 
ed in Persia." Nine 
hundred years have 
since come and gone, 
but these shores re- 
main as they were, 
for the thick woods 
of light firs are un- 
cleared, and the deer 
on the land, and the 
seals, the white por- 
poises, and the wild 
fowl of the waters, 
have almostas "good 
a time " as they en- 
joyed in those old 
days. Newfoundland 
still receives with 
loyalty a Governor 
sent out by the Old 
Country, instead of 
following the exam- 
ple of the Provinces 
of the Dominion, which, with equal loyalty, receive a Governor nominated aa the representative of 



monarch icurdoniocracy by tlie Canadian Government. For two terms hIio Iiuh had tlie happincHH 
of having a distin^jiUHhed sailor and colonial stateHinen, namely, Hir John (; lover, to jircHido over 
hercoimcilfl. Bir John has lately returned to liis first transatlantic love after a brief connection 
with a j^ronj) of the fair West Indian Isles. As all the world knows, he was to have hid tluf 
expedition against Kin>^ ("offco in Ashantfe. Hnt at the eleventh lionr a change in the views of tlio 
military authorities of lOn^^land took plaee, and Hir (larnot Wolseley, with re^^uhir troops, was sent 
out, leaving; Bir John Olover the task of making an attack to divert the attention of the enemy by 
a parallel march with his ({allant black " Iloussa " levies. The jiart thus allotted to Hir John 
Olover he undertook with the j»reatest success, but at one [point of the nuirch fortune seemed to 
declare against him. A native chief livinj,' some distance up country swore that he could not 
provide the necessary transport. It wns well known that he was perfectly able to do so, and after a 
conference which had proceeded uselessly fo * whole morninj?, aflat refusal was ^iven by the black 
Bovereij^n. BirJohn's 
ire was up, and ho 
rose, and with di*,'- 
nity and precision 
hurled at the dark 
dif»nitary a rouj,'h 
chair on which he 
had been sittinj,'. It 
caut,'ht liim in the 
right place, and in 
two hours the neces- 
Bary number of port- 
ers were ready. Tliis 
Btory, like many an- 
other, became dis- 
torted in the telling 
of it. Sir John was 
nominated for the 

Newfoundland Gov- 

„_„^^ i „j Place d'Armea Square, Ilontreal 

ernment, and some 

one in England wrote to a friend in Newfoundland, saying, " Look out for your next Governor, for he 

is not a man to be trifled with. He knocked his last Prime Minister down with an arm chair .'" 

The whole of this enormous territory is divided into Provinces, whose limits are probably 
not all permanently fixed. For instance, among those which originally formed part of the 
confederation, it is possible that Nova Scotia and New Piunswick, or one of them, may amalgamate 
with Prince Edward Island. Again, in the newly-settled country of the Central Continent great 
spaces have been provisionally named, but as time fills them with people their bounds may be 
found to be ill-set, and a readjustment may be made. On the other hand it is curious to observe 
with what tenacity the several States of the American Union, whether they be small or big, have 
kept to the original lines marked out for them when much of their land was unexplored forest or 
unknown^prairie. The Americans gave in the beginning the title of " Sovereign " States to the 
members of their Union, and it was a moot point whether a State had or had not the right to 
secede from the Federation, disastrous as such a proceeding must prove to national life. That 
point was settled in favor of national autonomy by the civil war which raged between the North 
and South from 1861 to 1885. The Canadians, when they drew up their scheme [of Federation,, 
were careful to eliminate as far as possible the danger which might spring from weakness of thft 



I 1 

i I 

' i' 

I t! 

1 I 

I i 

1 Mi 

' -1: I!. 

I; i S' 

t' K 



Purlitniunt liuihtiimn, (Htnira—Wcitt lilnrk. 

Central Power. Tlioy provided 
fully for local rule and for a Na- 
tional (iovernniont. Kiu-li I'ro- 
vin(;ial(iov(M'iiMU<nt waH^'ivon full 
jM>wer to niaki! lawH for tho edu- 
cation of children, for the manner 
in whicli pn)))orty Hhould be lield 
an<l devolve, and for the raiHint{ of 
rcvonno for local purpoHCH. No 
individual Province can ar>n and 
maintain troopH, lay on exixirt 
and import duticH, control navi- 
j^ation, or nnike a railway beyond 
itH own borders, without Federal 

The Union was not brought 
about in a day. It was the result 
of long and anxious discussion. 
It was born of the necessity to have greater common strength, not ai,'ainst an enemy, but against 
tlio imi>otency inseparable from disorf^anization. Railway and mivi^ation works were wanted, and 
isolated colonies could not execute them. But there was much opposition. Many in the French 
Province did not like the plan, fearin>^ that it mit,'ht diminish the security of the treaty ri({ht8 of the 
French for the preservation of their laws, la|iKua<{e and iistii/Utions. Nova .Scotia, too, had a 
sfcronf,' party a^'aiiist the [iroposal. Prince Edward Island oidy joined her sisters after they had 
joined hands, and Newfoundland has consistently kept to her resolve to remain alone. But the 
rif^hts of all who joined, or may join, are carefully guarded. Quebec was made the " Pivot 
Province," in tliat she had a certain number of representatives, and the representation of the 
others was based on the numbers she sent. In Hir .John Macdonald's words, spoken in ISdiJ, " the 
whole thinj,' is worked by a simple rule of three. For instance, we have in Tipjier Canada one 
million four bunured thousand ; in Lower Canada, one million one hundred thousand. Now the 
jiroposition is simply this : Lower Canada has a rii,'ht, with one million one hundred thousand, to 
sixty-five members ; bow many 
members should Upper Can- 
ada have ? The same rule ap- 
plies to the other Provinces; 
the proportion is always ob- 
served, and the principle of^ 
population carried out. . . . 
If an increase is made in the 
numbers in the bouse. Lower 
Canada is still to be made the 
pivot on whicli the whole cal- 
culation will turn." But all 
these safe<^uards could not 
prevent mis>{iving8 amoii^' 
some of Quebec's worthiest 
sons. Their feelings were like 

those whichprompted the old 

Departmental Buildingit, Ottawa— West Block. 







t'liiliiniii III llniim , Olhiini 

H(;ottiHli |M<orH]artli<< titiiunf 
the Union with lOnuliiiid. I 
WKM, in tlii'ir feiirH, •• the onil 
of II iiohlc old Honv!." " (!on- 
ffdcriilion," Hitid^ one of 
them, "only cxiKtH hh it 
-ilii'iiic. Milt when the dif- 
ii lont I'rovinctiH HJiail meet 
hi<,'(>th('r in tlic l''cdtiral I'ur- 
liiuiuMit iiH on II tlt'ld of hut- 
tie ; when th«y hiive there 
lontriu'ted the habit of con- 
teiidinj^ with euch other to 
ciiime their own iiiteroHtH, ho 
varioiiH luiil ho ineonijtiilibk!, 
to prevail ; and when, from 
repetition of this iindyit)^' 
Htrife, jealoiiHy and inevita- 
' ' ' liiitri'd hIiiiU imve reHiill- 
ed, our Hentinients towards theotlier IMipvIiiclh will no l(iiit;eil)(! the sflnie ; and Hhoiild any Kreat 
dan){or, in which our Hafety would depend upon our imile(l eondition, arme, it would then, perhaps, 
he found that our Federal union had been llie sij^iiaj for om- own disunion." 

Huch j,'looniy views were met by the tirni ami coiiliilent lanf,'iia(4e of another French ('Hniidian 
Htatesnum. " If we remain alone," lie exclaimed, •' we can aspire to no position, wc ciin j,'i e rein 
to no ambition as x people. We have at the present time us many systems of judicature as we 
have Provinces; Afith Confederation, on the coat lary, liiis defect will l)0 removed, and there will 
be but two Hyntt^ms, one for Lower Caniidu, because (jiir laws are different from those of the other 

Provinces, because we are a sepai'iite pcoiile There aie also now as many different 

tariffs as there are different Provinces- as many connnercial and customs rej^ulations as Provinces. 
Currency and the interest on money are also rej^'ulated l)y ditferent systems in the several 
Provinces. Wni with Confederation all these matters would be under the control of one Central 
Legislature. . . . There is another alter- 
native that is proposed to Confederation — an- 
nexation to the ITuited States. I do not be- 
lieve there is a single member in the House or 
out of the House who would consent to the 
annexation of Canada to the United States. I 
now come to the other alternative proposed — 
that of Independence. Men may be found, 
both in the House and out of it, who will be 
disposed to say that we had better have Inde- 
pendence than Confederation. For my part, I 
believe that the independence of the British 
North American Provinces would be the great- 
est misfortune which could happen to them ; 
it would be to leave us to the mercy of our 
neighbors, and throw us into their arms." 

The tone of this speech was in complete „ / /^/M ^4 

^ ^ Post Office, Ottawa 






liHrinotiy with thut wliicli whm dtilivoruct liy Kir .lolin 
Maodoiiiilil. "If W(i wiHli," li« Hitid, ■* III fortii ii ^niul 
iialii)iiiility, I'liniiniiiiiliii^ lliu rtrnpiict of tlio worlil, iiblii 
to hold our own iiuuiiiHt ull <)|ip(iriiMitH, and to dofund 
thoH(* iiiMtitiitioim w«i pri/u ; if wo winh to huvu oiui nyn- 
tt'inof Ooverniiiuiit, and totiHtiihhHh Muoniiiioroiul union, 
with unruNtrietud fruc trudu, liotwoon tho puoplti of thti 
ttvi- I'rovincuH, holonv;in|{ as tluiy do to thit hiuiih nation, 
ol)uyin;{ till) Manu) Hovoroinn, o\, inu tlm waino allc^'iaiutu, 
and being for tliu nioHt part of tlu* Hatno blood and 
iiiuHi(o ; if we wiHli to bti ablti to afford to uiudi othur tho 
ineniiH of mutual defunco and Hupport a^fuiimt a^^'roHHion 
and iitlack, tliix can oidy bo oi)tain(td by a union of Honie 
kind butwuun tho woak and Mcattorod boundarioH com- 
poniuj^ tho Britiuh Nortli American I'rovincoH." And 
Inter, in iho Hamo spooch, lio continued, " I am Htronj^iy 
nf (ii''.nion that year by year, an we ^row in population 
and Htroiif^th, I''iiij,'land will hoc more the advantaf,'o of 
miiintainin;^ tlio alliance botweon UritiHli North America 
and lioiHolf. luHtoad of iookinj^ upon uh aH a merely 
Lonl Lniisiloinif; HmrrnorHiiurnl dependent colony, England will have in uh a friendly 

nation, a Hubordinate, h\ Htill a powerful people, to atand by lier in North America in peace and 

in war." 

And new, in lookinj^ back upon thiH Hpeech, it may be well to remember that Ijord Derby, 
speaking; ii/ IHH4. said that ho did not know where tho public man could now be found wlu) would 
venture to propoHo the Hoparatiun of thocolonioH from the Mother (Jountry. Already, therefore, tlie 
prophecy that the tyin>{ to^jether of the Hoparato Hticks into one fa;,'ot would provide fuel for 
patriotic ardor and spirit amonj{ the coloniHts, and respect in the Mother Country towardti lier great 
depondencieH, has jiroved true, Canada proHtntH to tiio world the Hpcctacle of a united people, 
■daily and hourly growinj^ in 8trenf{th and union. Hor alliance will soon be a prize, licr dependence 
iH a losHening fear even to the most nervous and reHpouBibility-hatinfj politician. In her institutions 
she has kept to the model shown by the three kinj^doms. There is the representative of the 
■8overei(,'n in the Governor-General, who is bound to be a constitutional ruler, giving to tho Ministry, 
representing th(? majority of the House of Commons, his loyal support. It is his duty to use his 
moral influence with his Minister for what lie conceives to be the public good; but his opinion as 
■expressed to them must remain unlieard beyond the Council Chamber. Where he sees danger to 
the Imperial connection, it is also his duty to make known his views ; perhaps, if occasion requires 
it, to a larger audience. There is a Senate, having the attributes, but hardly the strength, of the 
British House of Lords ; and there is the People's Assembly, tlio House of (Commons, chosen by a low 
but not by a universal suffrage. The number in the popular house is at present 212. The debates in 
ths Commons display great talent, and among no section of the population is forensic ability more 
frequently shown than among the French Canadians. Lawyers and physicians are perhaps in a 
majorityjin this assembly, and it is said that when one of the members fainted on the floor of the 
House, one half of the representatives of the people rushed up to render him their medical 
assistance ! Most of the Provinces have two Chambers, although the most populous, namely, 
Ontario, is content with one. The nation represented in these assemblies will have a wide 
flontinuons belt of populated territory stretching [right across the continent. The only sectioni/ 
■where their numbers .will be sparse are those also which are strong in defensive positions, and in 




thn (lit)U'iiUiim tliu (uxiiitry |iruH<>iit<t to iiii «<tu>inv hh well uh tn the Hwanim of Htatlt'i'N, Tiii'Mii two 
tructi Hru, Hr«t, thti ro((ioti uloiiK tlif iioitli <i( l.ukc Hiiporior ; uml, mixiiikIIv, tliiii vxli< ri- tlio tii|ilf 
ohuiiiH of tliu Itocky MoiititiiinH, tlu> Kt'lkirk and tlitt (!uMcu<lti riinuiiH, hIiiiI out rnnii tlu' iiiijii I'mitli 
<'oiiHt tlio MweriT t<'i)i|)i'rntiir<'H of tlm Ci'iitnil Coiitiiii'iit. 

If wi< compare the <'tii)iibililiuH Ciiiitidti hIiowh for llii' poHKfHHion of it t'oiitiiiuoiiH U'lt of |io|iiilu 
tion from hoiv to Mtii, with the eapHoity of niiy Kiviiii Itt'lt l)«'loiiMiM({ to tliu United HtnteH, uiid 
Htrutc'liiii»< ucruHH from the Atliintic to tli- Pacific, we hIiuII lltul that the coiiipiirisoii in fnvoriilile to 
the iiortliurn liuid. Althou^'h what the inapH (;all " t!ie ^rcat American DuMeft " huM been proved to 
be ill many placcH <'ai)al)i(! of Hcttlciiicnt and cultivation, vet there are vaHt HpaccH on anv K'i^eii line 
from east to went in the I'niteil Htaten which cannot he protltahly used, 'riiero is an aridity which 
defies tho a({ricultiiriMt, if he cannot prociiru water Hullicient for irri;{atioii. There In nothing more 
curiouM ill the phyHicul probUuiiH of any country than that fiirniMlu-d by Home of the ((reut plaiim of 

America. It seems aw though the whole surface was beiuf; raised and desiccated. Tlieru ia 
evidence enough that in remote ages there was an abundance of water in these parched regions. 
To the south the sands of New Mexico, Southern C'alifornia and Arizona are the sands of an old sea 
bottom. In Wisconnin the country, now bare and dry, shows the traces of many lakes ; and 
innumerable mounds, the work of old dwellers in the land, pi'ove that numbers of human beings 
lived, worked and died on the enormous steppes. On the other hand, to the north, while tho same 
process of the raising and dryint' of the land is evidently in progress, it has not proceeded so far 
There are dry, cactus-covered plains along the frontier of Assiniboia, the central Province of the 
Canadian North-West ; but as soon as the Saskatchewan valleys are reached, and in general far to 
the south of this limit, the moisture is evident in the lu.xuriance of the grasses, until '"vond the 
North Saskatchewan the moisture is great enough to support the dense growth of fir forest whicli 
clothes in a wide flat arch the whole of the country below the sub-arctic circle. Therefore, through 
an almost unbroken belt, the Canadians have a territory which should support 40,000,000 of people. 
It has a varying depth of from 450 to 100 miles, and in all parts of it the climate has been proved 
to be most healthy. 



liittlo was known of the Northern New World until a comparatively recent date, Within the 
memory of middle-ajjed men, Chicago was the frontier post of civilization. MapH compiled by 
French t,'eo>,'rftpherH in the Hoventeentli century f,'a e up all the country west of Hudson Hay to an 
inia<,'iniiry and indetinite ocean, Around this Knt,'li.-.hnien jilaced "New Houth Wales" and " New 
("aledonia," while no one disputed that " New France " wan all the St. Lawrence Valley. To be sure, 
the New Fn^landers did not like thin, and were determincii to alter it if possible, but they never 
succeeded in doiny so. In nnii)H of tl;'.- time of V.'illiani and Mary you will still see that everylhinf,' 
to the north of the (lulf of California is narked as unknown. On the Pacific the if^norance of 
California was so jLjeneral until recent years that when in IHli) the first strong influx of Americans 
took place into that Htate, men in New York derided the folly of friends who pi'oposod to settle in 
that " unprofitable wilderness 1 " The laud which is far to the north of California, namely, British 
Cohimbia, is one of tho host valued of the (Canadian States. 

A Pioneer Farm 
France has become too Parisian, or she might have colonies. But she loves the boulevard, 
hides even the street view with trees, and shuts up the end of the vist.i with a museum, or a monu- 
ment to national glory. Slie jilimts out her view of things at home, and she does not plant herself 
abroad. This is a mistake. What she could dcif she were not always turning to the looking-glass 
she showed in the sixteenth and the early part of the seventeenth centuries ! Then she sent her 
peoi^le to subdue the earth. They began the work and have continued it, but the mother country 
again took to tiie looking-glass, and in her contemplation of herself forgot her children. They did 
not at that time contribute to her vieniis plainirif, which might occasion a fresh wrinkle, so they 
were corniced. But what gallant children they were who thus remained forsaken, yet fortunate ! 
The names of the first pioneers, soldiers and martyrs of New France will be as honored h.s are those 
of the early warriors and saints of the Frankish kingdom. 

In 1837 the French (,'anadians, with reason, demanded a wider constitutional privilege than 
they possessed, and this was practically secured by the measures taken after the mission of Lord 
Durham. To Lord Elgin must be ascribed the credit of having in time of trial and provocation 
resisted the party which woull have made him go back rom the doctrine of ministerial responsibility, 





Within the 

compiled by 

1 Hay to an 

' and " New 

To bo sure, 

tliey never 


Kii'irance of 


to settle in 

ely, Britisli 

^***« , 



He faced a riotous mob in order to give Executive sanction to the measures of his Covemment, and 
from that doy pur^ constitutional Government, and with it a freedom unknown elsewhere on the 
American continent, has found its home in Canada. From that time great works have been under- 
taken by a people recognizing each year more and more the necessity and use of union. The 
Intercolonial Railway, binding Nova Hrotia and New Brunswick to Quebec; the Grand Trunk, 
traversing' a great part of the older portion of the country, and having its termini in the American 
cities of Portland and Chicago, with other lines, have been undertaken by tlie yonng nation. 
Immense labor has been bestowed on tlie creation and deepening of canals and river channels. 
Tha prosperity of the country and its vast undeveloped resources have combined to attract 
«migrants to an extent heretofore unknown. The numbers of the emigrants have risen of late tiora 
40,000 per annum to 100,000 ami ].^5.000. 

A Homestead Farm in Ontario 

)r a monu- 
int herself 
B sent her 
sr country 
They did 
le, 80 they 
fortunate I 
i are those 

The Dominion of Canada occupies the northern halt of the continent of North America. It 
has a territory of abou' the extent of Europe, and larger than that of the United States without 
Alaska. The southern frontiei" of Manitoba and the North-West Territory, if extended across the 
Atlantic Ocean, would strike the continent of Europe a little below the latitude of Paris ; while the 
southern point of the Provii-ce of Ontario is as far south as the latitude of Rome. Canada is 
therefore the physical equivalent on the continent of America of the great empires and kingdoms of 
Italy, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, the British Islands, Russia in Europe, and Sweden and 

This vast territory comprises an area in round numbers of 3,500,000 square miles. From east 
to west it stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, and from the southern latitudes above 
stated to the Arctic circle. 

Very large portions of this great territory are cultivable ; and those portions not CHltivable are 
rich in mineral wealth. The proportion of cultivable land in the Dominion^ suited to the produc- 
tions of the temperate zones, ia quite as large ag that in the United States. It pcsseeses th<3 largest 




extent of land yet open for settlement adapted to tlit* jjrowth of the ^rasgeB, cereals, and other 
productions of the temperate climates, not only on the continent, but in the world. 

It has many thousands of square miles of the finest forests on the continent, and many 
thousands of square miles of the most fertile prairie land. 

Its rivers and lakes form one of the most remarkable phyHical features of the continent. This 
water system furnishes important facilities for communication ; and thn course of the St. Lawrence 
is in the line of the sluirtest sailing circle across the Atlantic. T le same favorable condition 
prevails on the west coast, from the terminus of the Pacific Railway across the Pacific Ocean to the 
marketB of China, Japan, and aiso to Australia. (]bupled with these important commercial 
conditions, tliere is the (act that the Canadian Pacific Railway crosses the continent .m tht shortest 
line through the fertile belt, and at the " gate " of the Rocky Motuitains, crossing them on 
immensely more favorable conditions, both iis resi^cts grades and curves, than the line of railway 
which reaches the Pacific coast at San Francisco. 

Ontario Thoroiighbred Sheep Farm 

As at present constituted, it is divided into seven Provinces, viz. : Nova Scotia, New Bruns- 
wick, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia, together with the 
vst extent of North-West Territory, out of which the Districts of Assiniboia, Alberta, Saskatche- 
wan, and Athabasca have been formed; districts which wili in the near future become great 
provinces of the Dominion, each having a territory as large as a European kingdom or empire. 

Canada has fisheries of almost boundless extent, both on its Atlantic and Pacific coasts, which 
are without equals on the continent, or, it is believed, in the world. It has coal fields of immense 
extent on both its Atlantic and Pacific coasts ; and there are large deposits beneath the surface of 
its prairie lands east of the Rocky Mountains. It has also iron, gO' d, silver, copper, lead, and other 
mines of great richness, including petroleum and salt ; together with almost every description of 
stone and granite and other valuable building materials. 

It baa great variety of climates, from the arctic to that of almost the most southern of the 
temperate zones. The climates of the settled portions of the Dominion, and of the lands open for 


his, and other 

;, and many 

-inent. This 
3t. Lawrence 
[lie condition 
Ocean to tlie 
the sliortest 
ng tliem on 
le of railway- 

settlement, are among the most pleasant and healthy in the world, and favorable to the highest 
development of human energy. The Dominion of Canada must therefore, from these facts, become 
in the not distant future the home of one of the most populous and powerful peoples of tlie earth, 
while to the European immigrant, of whatever nationality, it offers an inheritance rich in resources 
And fruitful in products. 

Canada seems especially fitted to supply the United Kingdom with much of the farm produce 
that is necessary for her to import. The older Provinces export horses, beef, mutton, butter, 
cheese and fruits ae their leading staples from the field and the garden, while Manitoba and the 
North- West export wheat and other grains. Large ranches have also been successfully established 
on the great grass lands at the br.w of the Rocky Mountains, and when these come into full play 
their products will be enormous. The cattle can be driven to the nearest railway stations, which 
are not more distant from the Atlantic sea-ports than are those railways in the United States, 



1*ii!ti|#li;i:!:3|i;:"i:- ^ ' 

■;w:::C!:;i:»i,ii..!!.. :- ■-■.Sliiir ,„ 



j:*i3;f»r_i ..-:,. 


New Bruns- 
er with the 
, Saskatche- 
icome great 
jasts, which 
of immense 
e surface of 
i, and other 
Bcription of 

bhern of the 
ds open for 

Progressive Farming 

West and Soutli-West, which now successfully bring cattle via Chicago to the Atlantic ports foi 
export to Great Britain. 

The general healthfulness of climate, and favorable conditions for feeding all kinds of stock, 
which prevEiil in.the older Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince 
Edward Island, as well as in what may be called the new North- West, leave no room for doubt that 
Canada is capable of supplying the needs of the Mother Country as respects supplies of horses, 
cattle and sheep. It is to be remarked, moreover, that since the beginning of this export trade, 
there have been marked improvements in stock, by the importation of Short-Horn, Polled Angus, 
Hereford and other varieties. The success which has attended various well-known establishments 
in the Dominion devoted to the rearing of thoroughbred stock, is sufficient guarantee of the profit- 
able nature of the enterprise, which is yet comparatively in its infancy. 

The soil of Canada may be said to be the source of her greatest wealth and strength. Her 
forest lands, her smiling farms, and her rich and vast rolling prairies, make the attraction she 
ofifers for the agricalturist. 





; wi 


There may be more scientiflc farming in England and in Scotland than in Canada. English 
high farmers would find in Canada much that they would consider very rough work ; but thera 
are exceptions of highly cultivated farms. In the Province of Ontario there is a School of Agricul- 
ture, connected with a model farm, at which scientific and practical agriculture is taught. There 
are also model farms in the Province of Quebec. The result is a marked improvement of late years 
in the style of farming in some parts of the country. But there is much to be done yet in thia 
direction. In too many instances the land is merely scratched over ; and it speaks well for the 
character of the soil and climate that under such adverse circumstances such excellent yields are 
obtained. It has been hitherto found that what we may call pioneer farming, that is, taking from 
the soil in the roughest and readiest manner what it will produce, is more profitable than higher 
farming with its more costly appliances of labor and fertilizers. But in the older portions of the 
country this state of things is beginning to change. The sufficient reason for its existence in the 




Inventive Oenius reaping her reward 

past has been that the land has been plentiful, cheap and virgin, while, on the other hand, labor has 
been dear. It was, therefore, natural to take the most from the land at the least cost of labor. 

Let a new-comer in Canada go into a farming district, and call at the first large, comfortable 
house he may meet with, surrounded with well-tilled fields, herds of sleek cattle,* great barns and 
extensive stables, all showing evidence of prosperity. Upon asking the owner's expe'"'.jnce, in nine 
cases out of ten the reply to this would be that he came from the OH Country fifteen, twenty or 
twenty-five years ago, with an empty pocket ; that in his early days he had to struggle with difii- 
culties; but found his labors rewarded by success, and ultimately crowned with independence. 
Paying no rent, and owning no master, he has educated and settled his children around him iii 
equally favorable conditions with his own. This is not an isolated case ; it is the experience of 
hundreds and thousands of men. For the agricultural laborer who comes to Canada, the question 
is not simply what wages he may earn, but to what position of independence he can attain in the 
evening of his life ; in contrast to that possible goal in the Mother Country, if he should become 
unable to work with his accustomed vigor — the workhouse. 



la. English 
i ; but there 
1 of Agricul- 
[,'ht. There 
of late years 
e yet in this 
well for the 
t yields are 
taking from 
than higher 
tions of the 
itence in the 

The opening up and successful carrying on of the export of cattle trade with England has 
sensibly changed, in many cases, the character of the farming in Canada ; and this is well, for 
farmers had begun to overcrop the soil, in so constantly producing cereals. 

In comparing Canada's present standing ae a stock-breeding country with her standing twenty 
years ago, we find that her progress in this direction has beon mos^. roiTiarkable. It is barely 
twenty years since the first herd of English thoroughbred short-hornH was brought to ('anada. 
Previous to that time very little attention had been paid to stock raising. In many instances cattle 
were allowed to look after themselves, and for market purposes they added but little to the settler's 
income. It was the opinion of many persons in those days that stock-breeding could never be 
successfully carried on in Canada. The experience of the last few years shows that that opinion 

Jersey Stock Farm 

was an error. Though the number of farmers who have ventured on the experiment of stock-breed- 
ing, on a large scale, is not great, the test has been most thorough and complete in both Ontario 
and Quebec, and part of the Maritime Provinces, and the result satisfactory. 

It may now be stated with confidence that the collection of cattle at the great stock-breeding 
farms of Canada is among the most va, lable in the world. It is made up of the very best blood of 
the bovine aristocracy of England. Not many years ago there were no pure herds in the country, 
except the small species of cow in the French part of Lower Canada, which were brought in chiefly 
from Bretagne, and possess the milking characteristics of the Alderneys. To-day, there are in 
Canada many herds of the best English breeds, with a pure and unbroken record extending back 
many generations. 

It is a fact, established beyond all doubt, that the famous shrrt-horns of England not only do 
well in Canada, but that the character of the stock actually improves in the new country. In not a 
few instances the offspring of stock taken out from England has been carried over to the mother 
oountry and sold at high prices. At a recent sale in England a three-year-old bull which brought 






i ; 

tlie extraordinary price of three thousand six hundred guineas was of ('anadian breed. The herdu 
to be seen at the Provincial and other Exliibitions are tlie wonder and admiration of experienced 
English stockniasterH. 

Tlie tjrowinf? of fruit, as well for home consumption as for exportation, is a very imiwrtant 
industry in Canada, and one which excites the wonder of many new-comers. People wlio have been 
accustomed to think of Canada— as described in the words of the French king bofore the cession — 
as " a few acres of snow," are at first incredulous as to the extent and excellence of the fruits pro- 
duced in a country which has the summer skies of Italy and France. There are vineyards in tha 
Province of Ontario of fifty or sixty acres in extent ; peach orchards of similar extent; and apple 
orcliiirdH almost innumerable. 

Durham and Thoroughbred Stoik Farvi 

Wine of excellent quality is now largly manufactured from the grapes, and this fruit is so cheap 
as to be within the everjday reach of the poorest. It may be mentioned that in the county of 
Essex, on the shores of Lake Erie, the vine is very largely grown for the purpose of wine-making, 
and both the growing of the vines and the making of the wines are systematically carried on by 
French viticulturists, bj French methods and processes, with very great success. Frenchmen engaged 
in this work have declared the conditions for growing the vine are more favorable in Essex than it 
the east of France, while the wine which is made is of a superior (luality. The great wealth of 
Canada in fruits is a fact which is not only interesting to the intending settler as an industry, but 
as a climatic fact, the country in this particular being much before the United Kingdom. 

The apples of Canada are especially very highly prized, and find their way in very larg« 
quantities to the markets of the United Kingdom ; and it may be mentioned here that at th« 
Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia the Americans honestly admitted themselves to have been 
fairly beat. a by this Canadian product. A New York illustrated paper, on that occasion, stated 
that the finest show of fruits at that great Exhibition was " made by the Fruit-growers' Association 
of Ontario, Canada." 




Tlie horda 

y imiwrtaiit 
lo liave been 
le cesHion-- 
) fruits pro- 
urds in tlia 
and apple 

It iH to be obnerved that tlie arean of the ((reat watorH, Huch as the (,'reat lakeH and rivers of the 
iJpper Provinces and the Ht. Lawrence, the bays and iidets of the Lower Provinces, as nearly as 
they can be estimated from measurement on the maps, would be about 140,U00 mpiare miles, which, 
added to the areas taken from the census districts, would ^ive a total of over 3,()10,00{) 6(|uare miles. 

The area of the whole of the continent of Europe is 8,900,000 wjuare miles; the area of the 
United States, oxclusivo of Alaska, is 2,033,588 square miles — that of Alaska is 577,300 square 
miles-combined making .H,')10,078 miles. Thus the Dominion is nearly six hundred thousand 
S()uare miles larger than the United Ktatos without Alaska, and nearly eighteen thousand square 
miles larjjer tlian both combined. 

The total p()))ulatioii of the Dominion by the census of 1881 was 4,324,810, ajjainst 3,687,024, as 
shown by the census of 1871. Tlie increase in the old Provinces during the decenniad is over 18 per 

s so cheap 
county of 
ied on by 
in engaged 
Jx than it 
wealth of 
iistry, but 

■ery large 
lat at the 
lave been 
>n, stated 

Lincoln County Qrnpcry 

cent. The increase for the same Provinces in 1871 over \861 was over 12 per cent. The number o\ 
males in 18H1 was 2,188,854 ; that of the females 2,133,05(); there being a preponderance of more 
than 50,000 males over the females in the Dominion. This has probably arisen from the excess in 
immigration of males over females. 

Of this population, 478,235 were born in the British Isles and Possessions ; 101,047 in Prince 
Edward Island ; 420,088 in Nova Scotia ; 288,2(53 in New Brunswick ; 1,327,809 in Quebec ; 1,467,- 
988 in Ontario ; 19,590 in Manitoba; 32,275 in British Columbia ; 58,430 in the Canadian North- 
West Territories ; 77,753 in the United States ; and 53,3.30 in other countries. 

Ontario is the most populous and wealthy province of the Dominion of Canada, and its growth 
has been exceedingly rapid. The area within its old limits, as taken from the census districts, is 
101,733 square miles ; but if we compute this area from simple measurement of the map, including 
rivers and lakes, its extent would be increased by about 20,000 square miles. It is further to hb stated 
that the territory recently in dispute has been declared to belong to Ontario by a decision of the 


JiidioiMl Coinmittoo of tlio Privy Council, and tliiH u<1.1h ab<iut H0,()00 wiuare tnileB to the Province, 
Miakin»{ alto^ialior a total of alxiiit 200,000 H(|iiuro miloH. 

The I'rovincuof Ontario rcachoH the most Houtlitrn point of the Dominion, namely, to the latitude 
of Uoniii in Italy ; and l)t)in>,' in a \n,rm' nuiaHure Hurroundod by the Great Lakes of the Continent of 
North Aniiirictt, itt* climate in much modified by their influence. The principal Bource of itH wealth 
iM aKriculluru, and it may be waid to take the lead in the farming operations of the Dominion. The 
numlxir of acres of land surveyed in this Province is about 31,000,000, and the number of acres 
already granted and ho1<1 is about '2'2,0(M),00<). Tlie population of Ontario is 1,023,2*28, as shown by 
the ccuHUs of IHSI ; and, as already stated, a«riculturo forms the principal occupation of the in- 
habitants, altbouf^h lumbering in the rich forests, mining in the bountiful deposits, commerce, and 

.,, . -^' ^^^^ 


L ,ui. 

' 7 lii 

II. ■t(nil..i.'llli. 

'•'. i ., 



» o "» #-, 


Ontario Apple Orvharti 

soafarin^ <H;cupatiun8 on the Great Lakes, attract a portion of the labor of the energetic people of 
ilio Province. 

Toronto, the seat of the Provincial Government, had a population of 86,415 by the census of 
1881 : but it api^ears from a mimicipal census recently taken, its population is 102,276; it is a city 
of which any country niij^ht be proud, and it is very rapidly continuing to grow, both in wealth and 

This fair city, stretching along the blue waters of Lake Ontario, is not the largest city in oar 
young Dominion, but even her more (wpulous rival does not deny that she is the fairest and the 
most full of promise ; and by common consent she is known all Canada over as " the Queen City of 
Ute West." Her progress has not been a slow and dreary pace ; for her veins are full of vitality, 
and her heart firetl with ambition. Some of the most enterprising spirits in Canada are ranked 
among her citizensliip, and she counts among her business houses some of *;he greatest and most 
important trade institutions in the country. In alt those factors that go to make a commonity 



proBvorous and worthy, Hho will be found well Hupplied. No poiBonous Jfllunm exint within her 

limitB to harbor pestilence ; lier BtreetH no longer lie under their old reproach, for many of them ar« 

paved and deaidy. Hocieties with every dfcBcription of benevolent, moral and olevatinj? aim are 

buBy among her citizens ; her educational Bystem iB perfect as the age can give, and education haH 

become the proiwrty of one and all. In art, too 

she haH much to show ; and her late foHtival of 

choruses promiseH that in music she is destined to 

win a world-widd fame. The power of the pulpit 

in Toronto is groat ; and she emphatically is a 

church-going city. In walking her thoroughfares 

you And no empty houses ; new buildings are 

being reared, and not in pairs but frequently in 

whole streets. Consolidation and unification are 

going on by the incorporation, with the Queen 

City herself, of those thriving suburbs that girdle 

her loins with clusters of little communities, 

industrious, ambitious and intelligent. 

A regular steam-ferry service is established 
during the summer between the city and the 
Humber regions, or you may go by rail as well. 
Through the munificent generosity of Mr. How- 
ard, the city now owns a beautiful stretch of 
woodland, in'orspersed with st^sep hills and deep 
gulches, known as High Park. To the numerous 
retreats of shade and picturesquenesB which theso 
grounds afford our city folk resort in hundreds. 
HcL-e you see a " select " picnic party, presided 
•ver by some dignified, yet winsome, chaperon ; 
a little way distant is a church or Sunday-school 
picnic, the youths and lasses regaling themselves 
in enjoyable and healthful exercises. All the 
woods, hills and hollows are full of life, health, 
beauty and gladness. 

Residents have at last discovered that even 
the broiling midsummer days may be spent with 
delight and comfort without leaving the environ- 
ments of the city, for fronting their vory doors 
liea the Island, cool and delicious, when the clank 
of the nlachinery wheels is stilled and the day's 
work is done. This Island has been shamefully 
neglected in the past, but one is glad to note that 
certain steps have been decided upon to save this 
Talnable piece of land from further destruction by 
water during storms. But even as it stands, it is 
a most salubrious &ad inviting spot for those tired 
in arm or brain. All day long, ferries, launches of various sizes and sail craft, from the tiny akiff 
to the more taut and stately yacht, ply between the city and the Island, and one finds in the late 
summer, midway on the bay, a stream of yellow, golden and brown butterflies on their way from 



the wider li«l<lH of the mainland to the rare clover-bloomB, the few and vivid flowern, that hriRhten 
the face of the warm Hand. Diirin^ tiio cveninRs fre<iuenter8 may •ometimoH he numbered by th« 
thouHand, enjoying the nunieroiig paHtinii'H that the purvcyorn of amuHomentH have provided. The 
incrry-Koroiind, with ItH froijjht i;f ridorH— comprising pretty laHHCH, with healthful clieekH and 
«unnv eyeH, and ladH who vit vU-a-vi$ to catch the coquettiHh HmilcH or minchievoUH gluncea of the 
«irU— never ceasoH its revolutions Have to take a batch of new-comerB. The bwIbIi and rumble of 
the roUer-cottflter, an it taken itH paHHengerH up the steep na well as down, are pleaHant Hounda ; and 
to theH'j is added the incoHHant crack of rirtes, from the practice in the Blu)otin^ gallerieH. Those 
who care to Heo the entire Hurroundinns brought together in picturesciuo tout fiimviblf, may enter 
the camera obscura, or wizardV dark chamber. Fringing a considerable porticui of the Island coast 


I I T 

» » » » 

m r '5„i,,, 


. jmaw^ 



Hotel Hanlan and Inland Pleasure JtcHort, Toronto ' . '. 

is a range of tasty cottages, cool and pleasant, and fronting the green, or green and blue, waters of 
Ijake Ontario. For the greater part the color combinationB of these cottages are very happy. India 
red upon the roof harmonizes well with the rich Nile-green of the sides. Along the sands it is cool, 
and the color close to the water line is dun pink, or as the ladies phrase it, " ashes oi roses." Re- 
freshment houses, cleanly and sumptuously kept, abound ; and all the luxuries or delicacies that 
you find in the city you can purchase there. No tourist should leave Toronto without pending an 
evening at the Island. 

The railway, unfortunately, runs along the lake, preventing any pleasant " Strand " Street, and 
spoiling, as it does at Genoa, the access to the shore. Here, as at Kingston, the French were first 
in the land, and the place is mentioned in old reports of skirmishes with Indians and English. Yet 
thiere are men now alive who are old enough to remember hearing when the first buggy was 
driven through the streets, which are now broad, well paved, and lined with houses, giving evidence 
of all the prosperity of a pushing and thriving commerce. Toronto had its troubles and excitements 
during the American War ; and not far off, across the water, the battle of Qneenston Heights gav« 




liriK-k, th« Hritinh OanerftI, a Rravo, and the re^nlar and prnvincial troopH a well tMirnod victory over 
«ii uiutniy Htri)tif(ly {tnstud. 

A luHH Hf{r<>oal>l'.< ruiiiiniitcence itt tliu iiidcciHJvo H^'lit between a ((reatly HU|)«rior ))<)dy of FoniauH 
and a Toronto battalion in 186(1 near the Wollund ('anal, when both aidea, after firing much, 

<>«(/(«)</(■ Hall, Toronto 

retreated — the Fenians to Fort Erie, the Toronto men towards the canal. The object of the 
Canadian attack was attained, for the cutting of the canal, wliich was the object of the inviMlers, 
was frustrated. Beveral gallant youths belonging to the University were killed, and a monument 
in the pleasant and shady park attracts the respect of the citizens for those w)io were foremost in 
giving evidence at that time of the patriotic spirit which animated all Canadians. Osgoode Hall, 
where are the Law Courts, is a line building, worthy of the learned Bar which meets there, and of 
the ability of the judges who preside over the Provincial Courts. It was named after the first 
Chief Justice of Upper Canadn,and is memorable for an 
imposing ceremony in which Mr. Dlake, the leader of 
the present Opposition in the Federal Parliament, and 
one of the ablest lawyers in the Dominion, welcomed in 
an impressive speech the American Secretary of State, 
Mr. Evarts. That remarkable statesman and orator de- 
livered to the assembled company in the library a most 
eloquent reply, dwelling on the part taken by the ex- 
ponents of law in the affairs of nations, and emphasizing 
his hearty desire — a desire for which Mr. Evarts, through 
his high official position, was able often effectively to 
labor — for the continued harmony and good understand- 
ing between the United States and the British Empire. 

This reception was one of the historic events which 

will live in the memory of the men of Toronto, where 

politics are as eagerly pursued as are the material gains 

of trade, and where neither the one nor the other is able 

to efface a love for letters, learning, the arts and the 

S>r John A. Macdonuld, K.C.B. 
sciences. When the University is visited the Observa- Premier of Canada 



tory ()( the Fudural Oovoriiiiient for Me* 
tuorolotty mIiouUI not be iie((locttMl, for from 
■Itch hoii(l(|iiartorH come t))«"iitorm warn- 
iiiKM" wh.jli HO wlioloHDinoly lifTri^lit our 
nailorH, keeping them to wafo iN)rtH, and 
Kiviiin tlittrn wariiinn of tempoHt. Dr. Carp- 
maol is at tlie head of thin eHtubliHhiiuMit, 
and it i» the only one whioli in very well 
provi<li)il witli IntttrutnontH an<l hoUH« Hpiu-t\ 
bein^ liettor even tlian that at WaHhin^ton 
in thin ruHpoot. Dr. Danitil WiJHon, tlin 
author of many learned and uxculUnlly- 
written workH, Huch aH "Old Kdinburj^h " 
and " rrimoviil Man," and Dr. Hiitton, 
with many able niun, are IVofeHMorn of 
Toronto Univcrnity, aHoatof learning daily 
^t^Towin^' in popular favor, and dentinod to 
be the nietro{M)lilan UnivorBity of Ontario. 
The buildingH are >;ood, but will need en- 
larnoinont, if we i.iay jud^o fn)ni the over- 
'■'■■ ^ ^'^ increaHinj? number of HtudentH, There are 

«'. Jf. nowlatiil, Khi,., Mayor of Toronto collo^eB amiiated to the University, and 

Kin«'B College, Trinity and others attest the powers the denominations possess in attracting to 

special establiahments the sons of those who fear to embark their offspring on the unshepherded 

fields of University life favored by the Hcottish and contini-nial Hystems. 

The Horticultural (Jardens, which comprise a handsome gotliic structure, the scene of many a 

musical festival, and where many a prima donna has displayed her vocal powers, form one of the 

University of Toronto 
chief attractions of the Queen City. The grounds around are tastefully la .°l c u( , , , 

summer fill the air with the rich perfume of their variegated flowers and plants, while a handsome 
fountain in the centre of the grounds lends additional grace with its shining spray to the surround- 
ing scene. 


T<>n>iit<> may wull b« ualluil the ru<li»tiiimK>iiit of the whole of thit witHtcrn hiuI north wiiiit4>rii 
portions of the Dominion ; but ere piirNiiinK an onward courite, a tripacroHM l.nke Ontario to Niagara 
iniiHt OrNt Im) taken. Tlio diHtance atTona Ih Home thirty milea ; a well a|)|M>inte(l teamer makinK 
two tri|>H daily in the aeaaon of lake navigation. 

City of St. Citthiirinin 

Niii^'iira Fallw ih one of the mighty wonders of thin world ; a temple not made l>.v ImndB. Ita 
viiHt i^'randtnir \h boyond the power of description, iind the pen of criticiHui in completely piiraly/^d. 
Tberi) JH Homethin)^ ho inteiiHely Hiicred in the place thiit, aw you approach it for the hrHt time, you 
feel iiH tboiifjli you were treading on the couflnea of sonio ({reat unruvealod aecret — tbut you were 
About to face the Majesty of God in nature, 

" An BMHeiulily Huch n* onrth 

Hnw iievor, kucIi uh Honvt'U NtoupH duwii to lue." 

An immenae torrent of water tears headlong down from some threat hoif^ht, but there ia no idea of 
shape or situation, nnthin(2 but va^jue immensity. Few can comprehend the vastneHM of that 
scene ; in its contemplation one is bowililored ; yet straujjely comminj^led there comew a feelin({ of 
peace. Peace of mind, tran- 
quility, calm recollections, 
great though ts of eternal rest 
and happiness, iu)thinf{ of 
gloom or terror. Niaj^ura is 
stamped on the heart as an 
image of beauty, to remain 
there changeless and indelible 
until its pulses cease to beat 
forever. Tliis mighty cataract 
is formed by the emptying of 
the waters of Lake Erie, which 
in turn receives the waters of 
Lake Huron, into Lake On- 
tario. A cluster of islands in 
the centre of the stream causes 
the river to diverge into two 
branches, sending the water 
over the American Falls on the 
one hand, and over the Cana- 
dian or Horse-Shoe Falls on 
the other. The latter have a 




! ■:.!& 

width of about 1,000 feet. The face of float Island oooupiea a quarter of a mile, and following 
that are the American Falls, which present an almost straif^lit line of fNMfael, ao that the Falls 
and the JHlands form one )^'^n<^ ^ut broken and irregular, curve of nearly a mile in length. It ha» 
been computed that twenty million cubic feet, or seven hundred and ten thousand tons of water 

per minute, empties 
itself over the Horse- 
Shoe Falls alone. Be- 
low the Fulls is Queen 
ston, where is erected 
a monument, in the 
shape of a iine Corin- 
thian colunm, to the 
memory of General 
Brock, a name famous 
in the wars for inde 
pendencn . 

Hamilton is an- 
other remarkable in- 
stance of the growth 
of aCanadinn city." It. 
was Itiid out (IS recent- 
ly as til 6 year 1H13, and 
has new a population 
of about 40,000. As 
proof of its rxpid de- 
velopment and in- 
crease, the popula- 
tion, between the years 
1850 and 1857, rose 
from 10,000 to 25,000. 
It is the centre of the 
wool trade of Canada, 
for it is estimated that 
the Dominion pro- 
duces over five million 
pounds of wool per 
year;] three-fourths of 
which passes through 
the hands of the Ham- 
ilton wool staplers and 
dealers. The neigh- 
borhood 18 also re- 
markable for its agri- 
cultural and dairy pro- 

From Hamilton westwards, the country assamea a different appearance; generally the land had 
been flat, but now may be met a succession of hill &nd dale, greatly resembling in appearance that 
of the Old Country. But independent of these old country associations, which are further aug- 





mented by the similarity in the names of villages, towns and cities, there is much to be seen which 
is peculiar to this new world, and which we cannot get in the old world. 

Between Hamiltcu and the western limit of the Province of Ontario, a number of thriving 
cities and towns are passed, all indicative of that progressive spirit of enterprise which so cliarac- 
terises the western settler : The growing town of Gait ; the Royal City of Oueli)h, found'- 1 on St. 

Ontario Agricultural College, Oiielph 
George's Day, and so named in honor of the Royal family, a great stock-raising centre and the seat 
of the Ontario Agricultural College, a Government Institution, whose efforts in the cause of 
agriculture are most praiseworthy ; Berlin, the centre of an industrious settlement from the 
Fatherland ; Brantford, so called after the great Mohawk chief, Joseph Brant, who, in the 
troublous times in which he lived, was the staunch and worthy friend and ally of the British, here 
too is a celebrated seminary for the education of young ladias, known as the Brantford Ladies' 
College ; Paris, so designated from its contiguity to beds of gypsum or plaster of Paris ; Wood- 
stock, the f-ounty seat of Oxford, a triving trade centre ; Ingersoll, noted for its manufacture of 
cheese— all in turn are passed by. 

London. ^,he metropolis of Western Ontario, 
like the illnstrious city from which it takes it 
namo, is situated in the County of Middlesex, 
and on the banks of the River Thames. This 
is one of the pleasing features one meets with 
jn Canada. The emigrant, when seeking a new 
home in the far off west, takes with him, as far 
as he can, ihe country of his birth, and he gives 
to the new home the familiar name of the old 
home, and surrounds it by such circumstances 
as bring most readily old country thoughts, 
ideas and as'-ociations. This city was incor- 
porated in 1855, ana now has a population of 
some 30,000, forming a busy hive of industry 
and enterprise, while she occupies speci-^l pre- 
eminence as an educational centre from the 
fact of its being the seat of the renowned 
Western University, as well as having a widely 
oelebrated institution for the education of j. j, Daly, Esq., Oudph 





young ItkAieB in Hellmuth College, one of the moBt noted estabUshments of its kind on the 
American continent. 

Southward of London is St. Thomas, which, since the construction of the railways, has laade 
a phenomenal rapid progress, unsurpassed by any Canadian city. It was incorporated as a 
«ity in 1881, is an important railway centre, while the extensive workshops of the M. C. R. R., 
which give employment to a large number of hands, are located here. The Alma Ladies' College 
of this place is a noted scholastic institution. 

In the western portion of the Province we come on the rock oil or petroleum district ; a district to 
which, more or less, nearly every cottage home in England is now indebted for its ' artificial light. 
The rock oil, or petroleum, is one of the most remarkable and peculiar natural products of Canada. 
By some authorities it is claimed that the oil-bearing limestone extends over an area of seven 

City of Brant/ord 
thousand ^square miles. It is certain that the area must be an extensive one, otherwise the enor- 
uTiOus yield of oil could not be obtained. The oil exists in the cavities of the limestone look, which 
are of marine origin. The amount of oil given out by some of the wells is simply enormous, a 
single one having been known to give over thirty thousand barrels, or one million ten hundred 
thousand gallons, of oil in the course of twelve months. 

What the future of Canada may be no man can faintly imagine. That it will meet with checks 
and obstacles in the progress of its develop' ..ent, all must expect and be prepared for. But the 
country, as in the case of the opposition to the Canadian Pacific Railway, will rise superior to such 
obstacles, and find itself all the stronger because they have been met. Practically boundless in 
extent, and with a range of temperature and climate of the widest diversity, it is a world within 
itself, the glory of whieb may be only rising when that of many an old world dynasty is fading 
away. That snch a country should have remained practically unknown to other parts of t; e 
habitable globe for so long, that up to even the present time millions upon millions of square miles of 
country should still remain unsurveyed, and notwithstanding that although every nation and every 
tongue has been helping to give it a population, the Anglo-Saxon language is everywhere spoken, 
would seem to make all that can be seen or heard about it of deep and special interest to the 
inhabitants of Great Britain, to w^hom this greater Britain offers an ever open field, rich in 
enterprise and resources, in which the descendants of both will be called upon to take a part, the 
like of which the old world in all its history has never dreamt of. 

It is a common belief among the Americans, a belief which is shared in by a few annexe 
tionists, that increase of population, productiveness of soil and the general advance of civilizaticn 
are very much greater in the several States of the Union than in Canada. Nothing can be f artht>r 
from the truth. Upper Canada, especially, has quite outstripped even the most prosperous of all 
the original States of the Union. A comparison of the statistics of the counties shows this to 
be undoubtedly the case. And with respect to the productions of the two countries, there is found 
the same proportion in favor of Canada. So also with regard to vessels, in comparison to popu- 
lation the tonnage of Canada more than equals that of the United States. .. 


kind on the 




Amon^ the officials who have been prominently connected witli the Grand Trunk Railway 
Bmoe 1801 ia Mr. Joseph Hickson, the General Manaj^er. He was born at Otterburn, Northumber- 
land, England, in 1H:!0, and entered the service of the present Northeastern Railway Co. when a 
boy, and by his industry and care worked his way up to the principal agency at Carlisle, and 
eventually became assistant to the General Manager of tlie M., S. & L. Ry., at Manchester, which 
position he left in 1861 to come to Canada, having been appointed Chief Accountant of the Grand 
Trunk Railway. He af i 'wards became Secretary and Treasurer, and in 1874, in consequence of 
his great executive ability, he obtained the position of General Manager. When Mr. Hickson 
assumed the management, the total amount of the mileage operated was 1,383 miles, which has 
grown di'.ring the last decade to 2,918 miles. 

The following are the prii cipal statistical and linancirl details of the Grand Trunk Railway : 
Lines of Road — Portland, Me., to Detroit, Mich., 8G1 miles ; Niagara Falls, Ont., to Windsor, 
Ont., 2^.{)M ; Fort Erie, Ont., to Glencoe, Ont., 14r) ; total length of all lines December 31st, 1884, 
2950.9 miles. 

On August 12th, 1882, the Grand Trunk Railway Co. and the Great Western Railway Co. were 
consolidated under the name of the former. The Grand Trunk Railway Co. was originally char- 
tered in inrA. Opened from Portland to Montreal in 1853 and from Richmond to Quebec in 1854. 
The division from Montreal to Toronto was completed in 185fi, and that from Toronto to Sarnia in 
1858. The line from Montreal south to the province line was brought into use in 1853. The Eastern 
Extension was opened from Chaudiere Junction to St. Thomas in 1855 ; to St. Paschal in 1859 ; 
and to the Riviere du Loup in 1860. In 1879 the extension to the Riviere du Loup (124.25 miles) 
was sold to the Colonial Government, and the transfer made August 12th, 1879. In the same year 
the Grand Trunk Railway Co. acquired by purchase and con&truotion a line between Port Huron, 
Mich., and Chicago, 111., about 3.30 miles in length. This line comprises the old Chicago and L.eke 
Huron R. R. (including the Chicago and Northeastern), 281 miles ; the Chicago and Southern R. R,, 
20.50 miles ; and new construction, 28.50 miles. For this acquisition and other purposes the Com 
pany issued first mortgage six per cent, twenty-year bonds to the extent of £1,240,000. The wliole 
line was opened February 8th, 1880. The Company has also by subsequent agreements obtained 
control of the Port Dover and Lake Huron (63 miles) ; the Stratford and Huron (27.50 miles) ; the 
Montreal and Champlain (23.50 miles) ; the Michigan Air-Line (33 miles) ; the Grand Trunk 
Georgian Bay and Lake Erie (91 miles) ; and the Montreal and Champlain Junction (G.50 miles) 

The Great Western Railway Company was chartered March 29th, 1845, and the several addi 
tional lines as follows: Gait and Guelph, February 9th, 1852; Hamilton and Toronto Ry. Co. 
November 10th, 1852; the Sarnia Ry. Co., April 2()th, 1853 ; the Canada Air-Line (Glencoe Loop) 
Ry. Co., December 24th, 1869 ; the Allanburg Branch Ry. Co., May 26th, 1874. Themain line was 
completed January 27th, 1854 ; the Hamilton and Toronto Railway was completed Decembei 3rd, 
and the Sarnia, December 27th, 1858. The branch to Gait was opened August 21st, 1854, and was 
extended to Guelph September 28th, 1857. It was operated under lease until January 31st, 1879. 
The Air-Line (Glencoe Loop) was opened in 1873, and the Allanbqrg Branch, which connects it 
through the Welland Railway with the Suspension Bridge, in 1875. 

By the terms of the consolidation, the United Company assumed all the resources and liabilities 
of the two companies, the capital consisting of two classes, viz., the Grand Trunk capital and the 



' I 

i ! ^ 

i t 



Clreat Western cupittil. Any increiiHe of cupitiil made by the United Company to consist of seventy 
por cent, of such increase to the (Irand U'rnnk and tliirty jut cent, to the (jreat Western Railway 
Co. Tlio net revenue between the two chissos of capital shall be divided at the rate of seventy per 
cent, to the Grand Trunk and thirty per cent, to the Great Western. Bhoiild the thirty per cent. 
<if net rovonuo appropriated to Great Western capital of any year ho insuiilicient to pay di''idends 
0:1 the stock, at the rate of ') p(?r cent, on pri^fcrred and three per cent, on common, the amount 
necessary to make such dividends ijood shall be taken from tlie seventy percent, paid the Grand 

The Capital of the Company is as follow:-; : 

4 por cent. Guaranteed Stock L" ^.fin.T!) t 

1st I'reference ;i2l .,i4i> 

2nd " 2,327,7!);^ 

:!rd " 7,i<in,05;; 

Ordinar\ Stock 2(),ir.7,<)7<) 

Total Sliare f'apital 

liOan ra))ital, Tin-minal Bonds 

(Jrand Trunk — ."> per cent. Debenture Stock i;i,270,i")7-"> 

4 " " " 2,()0'2,(l.-)7 

Great Western— (1 per tc-t. Debenture Stock 2,773,!)00 

Tola Debenture Stock 

Advances from Cuiiadiiin Government in Aid of tlie Construction of tlui 





Total Capital 

The fii'st charfjes on tlio Revenue of the Company after the payment oi! working expenses are 
the Interest on Debentures and Rental of Leased Lines, amountinfjto about £830,000 per amiuni. 

Rolling stock, June 30th, IS.SiJ : Locomotive engines, 70."); cars — passenger (first-class^ 3i!2 ; 
second-class, 217), •')4!); baggage, mail, etc., 223; freight, brake-vans, 3");"; goods, 11,821; eiittle, 
1,147; platfoi-m, 4,300; grand total, 17, C8(}. Also, 4'J snow-ploughs. 

The mmiber of passengers and amount of freight carried were : 





NO. AMorNT. 

4,75o,821 ?r>,567,!)23 

4,098,481 (),172,7");! 

4.790,4()8 .'■),342,890 

5,334,000 5,728,715 



5,510,794 *10,915,018 

(i.114,518 10,449,0(15 

(), 157.151 9,441,751 

f),49(),.328 11,194,299 




In the year 1883, dividends were paid on all classes of securities, excepting the ordinary stock, 
but in 1884 not on second or third preference stock, and in 1885 the ruinous competitions bel»veen 
the United States, the depressed condition of trade and the small-pox epidemic so prostrated the 
business of the Comjiany that it failed to yield sufficient coin to pay its debenture interest in full, 
but the above figures show better results for the year just closed. 

The claim of the Dominion of Canada against the Company, represented by £3,111,5(K), 
" Canadian Government Advances," will rank after the ordinary stock of the United Company as 
now authorized. 

To work this large mileage there is a staff of 20,000 men directly employed, and it is probable 
that there are indirectly dependent on the earnings of these employees a number of souls equal to 
one-fiftieth of the entire population of the Dominion. The influence that can be exercised by one 
controlling this staff, and expending about fifteen million dollars a year throughout the Dominion, 
must be very great. Mr. Hickson, however, has always pursued a neutral course, both as regards 
politics and municipal affairs ; and having the control of such large interests will no doubt watch 
and endeavor to thwart attacks made upon the Grand Trunk Railway and those ho is employed in 






it of sovonty 
LTii Railway 
seventy i)er 
ty per cent. 
ly dividoncls 
tlie anidiint 
rl tlio Grand 


jxpcnses uro 
per annum, 
class, 3:i--'; 
824; t"ittli.', 

ompany as 

protect. Until Mr. Hickson'n idea ot having a westtTn outlet at C'liicajjo and l>uildin<{ towrd 
Toledo was nirriod out, tlio (Irand Trunk was (,'rontly dependent on Aniericuii lines at Detroit ; his 
aim, while sorvint; the interests of tlio CJompany \vliich ho inana;,'os, has always hccn tinj,'ed with 
patriotism, by carryin;.^ as much American i,i;'.*^,c Ix^tween the Kiint and West tlirou^^h tlio lonf^ost 
distance possible in Ca,r.ada. Before the fusion, the Gre'it Western Kaihvay, like the Canada 
Southern to-day, was used as a means of doin>» the op)Kiaite. The absorption of the Canada South 

Joseph Hickson, Esq., Gcvcral Managfv Grand Trunk Railivny 

em by the Michigan Central would have stripped the Great Western Railway as an independent 
concern of its through traffic, and in a year when there was a deficient Canadian harvest it would 
have left it a very poor business ; but Mr. Hickson's policy utilizes it, as indicated above, and 
benefits Canada from Halifax to Windsor, and makes three lines of railways between the same 
places in Ontario under one control. Previous to Mr. Hickson's management, the Grand Trunk 
earned no dividends — a fact which is generally unknown. The General Manager has an abiding 
faith in the great resources of the Dominion and has earned the respect and esteem of the staffs of 



..J I i! ■'■ 

Nil f 

i i hi 



( I 

tlie cnjTuninies of which he in the liciid, luul of llio ofl'icera of the other linoH, and also the thanks of 
tlie f,'eneral i>iil.lic. He liaH done hiw utmost to improve the breed of cattle and horses, by importing 
improved stock from England, and has taken a great interest in agricultural and indfstrial exhibi- 
tions, and his presidency of the Winter Carnival Committoo Bhows that even with his active life he 
can sympathize and mingle with the sports and pleasures of the young people of the Dominion. 
On his last visit to Kngjund !Mr. llickson was presented with a valuable testimonial of silver plate 
by the Board of Directors of the Cirimd Trunk Railway, to show their appreciation of his valuable 
services. In iHll}) Mr. Hickson married Miss Dow, and has a family of three sons and two 
daughte s. Mr. Hickson is a self-made, honorable man, who works untiringly for tlie interests of 
the Grand Trunk Hallway and the public, and is in every resi^ect one of the moat popular public 
men in the Dominion. 

Gknkuai. OiiicKs OF TiiK GiiANi) Tbunk Raimvay Company, — Montreal, Canada ; London Office, 
Dashwood House. !» New Broad Street, London, Eng. 

Dini;cTons.--Sir Henry W. Tyler (President), Sir Charles Lawrence Young, B.nt. (Vice- 
Tresident), Lord Claud John Hamilton, M. P., Robert Young, Esq., Robert Gillespie, Esq., 
William Unwin Heygate, Esq., James Charles, Escj., John Marnham, Esq., Major Alexander 
George Dickson, 'M. P., London, Eng. ; Hon, Jamea Ferrier, Montreal, Canada. 

AuuiTous. — Harry Chubb, Esq., London, England; Thomas Adams, Esq., London, England; 

William M. Ranisay, Ks(\., Monti-eal ; Thomas Davidson, Esq., Montreal 

Offici-m.s of the System. — Head-Qitartkrs, Montreal. 

General Manager Joseph Hickson Accoinitant H. W. Walker 

Traffic " L. J. Seargeant!General Freight Agent T. Tandy 

Asi-- ': nt " Wm. Wainwright General Passenger Agent Wm. Edgar 

Tre^.arer Robert Wright; General Ktore-Keeppt .John .Taylor 

Traffic Auditor T, B. Hawson, Stationery Agent 11. K. Ritchfe' 

■orthcrn Division, 
Michigan Division, 

Divisional Okkiceks. 

SurEiUNTENDKXTs Tkakfic Dei'aut.mknt.- Eust of Toronto, Midland Divisior 
West of Toronto, James Steplienson ; Soutlicrn Division, W^est of Toronto, Charles .Sti 
Port Huron to Detroit, MichiRan Air- Line. W. J. Spiccr, in charge, A. h. Atwater. 

MiCfiiANicAL SLTKKiNTENDKNTM.—tj rand Trunk and Midland Divisions, Herbert Wallis; Great Western 
Division, C". K. Domvillc ; JlichiKan Division, Ilorbort Uoberts, Detroit. 

('iiii:k PvNOINEerh TkacIv Department.— Grand Trunk Division, K. P. llannaford ; Great Western 
Division, 'oseph Hob.son ; Midland Division, ,1. G. Mucklin (Engineer); Michigan Division, George Masson 

Freight Department.— Through Traffic General Freight Agent (Western District), J. W. Loud, 

District General Freioiit A(iKNTS.— Montreal to Toronto and Midland Division, Arthur \\Tiite, 
Toronto; of Montreal, Andrew Uiiriis, .'dontreal ; West of Toronto, Jolin Earls, Toronto; Michigan, 
John Main, A.^siiitiuit, Detroit. r- 

United Stated A(!EN('IES. E. P. Beach, General Agent, New York ; F. A. Howe, Freight Agent, 
Chicago, 111.; W. Itobin-son, I'assenger Agent, Detroit, Mich.; \V. ('. Tallinan, Xew Englanrf Piussenger 
Agent, Boston, Mass. ; G. H. Peters, Freight Agent, Ho.ston, Mass. ; G. B. Oswell, Passenger Agent, Ogdens- 
burg, N. Y. ; T. 1). Sheridan. I'assenger Agent, Buffalo, X. Y. 


lie thankn of 
)y importing 
itriiil exliibi- 
active life lie 
e Dominion, 
f silver plate 
his valuable 
ins and two 
» interests of 
pular public 

idon Office, 

3.-ut. (Vice- 
38pie, Esq., 
r Alexander 

I, Euf^land; 

W. Walker 
..T. Tandy 
Wm. Edgar 
rohii .Taylor 
. K. Ritchfe' 

■rn J)ivision, 
ran Division, 

peat WcHtern 

eat Western 
orge Masson 

J. W. Loud, 

thur WTiite, 
; Afichigan, 

Jight Agent, 
it PiissenRer 
ent, Ogdcns- 

'Mi„l£.-v& .*i»*w- ,liM'S4jS^Jt^»&,'^ 

f5HieLA>-. ,MK^^A^''^ ^ ^ 







<^y ' ^y^i 

. ''»<^t~f-^<-s'^t<^ ■■ 







— OK — 





Ailmirably located on Ihe hanks of the Otonabee River, which gives excellent water power for manu- 
facturing 'purposes, the nourishing town of I'cterhoro' gives rich promise of a brilliant future. It was 
incorporated as a town in the year 1850, anti is the county seat of Peterborough county. It i; located in 
North Monaghan township, on the Midland Division of the Orand Trunk Kailway and the Ontario & 
Quebec Line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Taking advantage of the excellent water powtr many large 
manufacturing establishmtnts have been located here, 
consisting (>( five (lour, four woollen, two p'aningand four 
saw mills, four fouiulries, live furniture factories, three 
agricultural implement works, one lock manfuactory, one 
stove works, and tanneries, canoe factory, potteries, brick- 
yards, biscuit, boot and shoe factories, and various other 
industries. The different religious denominations are well 
represented, there being l^piscopal, Presbyterian, Metho- 
dist, Haptist and Catholic churches, this being also a 
Catholic bishopric diocese. It has an excellent Colle- 
giate Institute and five public schools, with over 1,000 
pupils and twenty-two competent teachers. It has also 
two separate schools and a convent, boarding and day 
schools. The Business College of Peterboro' is one of 
the best in the country, having an attendance of 160 
pupils, a library of 500 volumes, a laboratory and 
museum, with a '. ge collection of valuable specimens. 
[Its Mechanics' Institute has a library of 5,000 of 
standard .scientific and geneial literature. There is a 
■ well conducted hospital, a court house, and opera house with a seating capacity for 1,000. Its financial 
I matters are attended to by four banks, and the citizens are kept well informed on the general news of the 
[day by five newspapers : The Review (daily and weekly). Times (AaWy and weekly), the Canada Lumber- 
man (semi-monthly), and the Canadian Agriculturist (monthly). The assessed valuation of the town, both 
[personal and real, is $4,000,000, with a bonded indebtedness of $185,000. The popu'ation of Peterboro' is 
1 9,000, and including Ashburnham, which is on the other bank of the river, connected by an iron and several 
[ railway bridges and might be considered a part of Peterboro', il,oco. The town is lighted by electricity 
[and gas and an excellent system of water works, and an efficient fiie department. 





RIohard Mowry, A^ri<; Wurks, Otonabce 
KivLT. Mdilcrii invciitivu ^;i'iiius has (lime imicli in 
providing; iiifcliiiiiical comrivances iliat liuvc ilnnc 
miicli to s.wc inaiiual hil) r, l)iit in no diii-ciioii is ihis 
more iiniiifi-st in thai o( aj;rii:iihural inachintTy. 
Tne auricuiiural rt'soiircfs of a coiintry constiiiite one 
of lis chief features of WL-aiih, licnce an imliistry that 
is destined to aid in ar.v wav the devclopnient of 
agriculture is one which is entitled to primary con- 
sideration. Such an i;>tal)h>hinent is that of Mr, 
Richard Mowry, of I'eterljoro', who conducts impor- 

grateful consideration, as it is lo the druggist that we 

h in owe, in time of neeil, alleviation fr<ini pain. The 

owe, in time ol neeii, aneviaiion ir<iin pain. i ne 
drug^;ist is the right hand of the i)hysician, and his 
skill in a great uua^ure rendt rs the medical profession 
eflicieiit A very old tsialdished and in every way re- 
liable drug store in l'eteri)oro' is that trading under 
the lirni name of Orinond iV Walsh. This liusiness 
was originally founded liy Mr. C. Orniond in 1856, 
and was afterwards carrieii on hy .Messrs. Ormond 
and Oilmour, till in iSoS it entered on its present 
constitution, thougli ikjw Mr. W. Walsh is the only 

MOW Jn! \- s 

R()\ Kl) .SK PARA TOR 

tant works for the manufacture of agricultural impie 
ments and machineiy. This business is an old estab- 
lished one, having been founded forty years ago by 
Mr. Marcillo Mowry, the father of the present pro- 
prietor. This enterprise was commenced on a very 
small capital, but by the energy and enterprise of those 
at its head, its resources have been developed and its 
trade steadily increased. The premises occupied are 
situated on a half acre of ground, on which have been 
erected buildings suitable for the prosecution of this 
business in the way of machine and moulding shops, 
blacksmith's forge, etc., which are supplied with 
every modern ap|)liance necessary in this business. 
The products include a general variety of agricultural 
implements, such as experience has demonstrated to 
be the best suited for farming operations in this 
lo'ality, special attention being paid to threshing 
machines, which for range of work, strength, dura- 
bility and general excellence cannot ' ' surpassed. In 
this concern some ten to twelve hands find active em- 
ployment, the best of materials only is used and the 
complete knowledge and long exjierience of Mr. 
Mowry all combine to the acknowledged results that 
no where is machinery produced which gives better 
satisfaction or more comolelely performs all the func- 
tions claimed for it. The motive force is gained by 
ample water power from the Dickson estate, Oton 
abee River. ' Mr. Mowry is a native of Ashburnham, 
and is a gentleman of enterprising and progressive 
business habits. 

Ormond (c Walsh. Druggists, comer George 
and Simcoe Streets. — It is impossible to overrate the 
importance of the profession of pharmacy, and there 
is no branch of science which is more deserving of our 

surviving partner, the old title is still retained. 
This establishment is one of the leading instituiionsof 
its kind in the town ; the occupied comprise 
' a substantial three-story building, l8x8o feet in 
dimension?, which includes a handsomely appointed 
store, well adapted for the business, which is thoroughly 
j fitted up with all the most modern improvements and 
I stocked wiih a full line of drugs, chemicals, toilet 
I articles.proprietarymedicines, fancy goods, physicians' 
] supplies and everything usually (ound in a first-class 
\ pharmacy. Mr. Walsh is a practical and experienced 
, druggist, and gives special attention to the careful 
; compoundingof physicians' prescriptions, in which he 
uses only the purest drugs and chemicals. Having a 
thorough knowledge of materia medica, he makes a 
specialty of compounding difficult formula? upon the 
highest standard of professional skill. In addition to 
the drug department Mr. Walsh also deals extensively 
in seeds, which for garden, market garden or farm 
use will always be found pure and reliable and war- 
ranted genuine. Mr. Walsh manufactures a special 
preparation of Knglish cattle and horse feed, which 
meets wiih a ready demand in this section of the 
country. Mr. Walsh was born in Cavan in 1844, 
and came to Peterboro' in 1858 and has since resided 
here. He is widely recognized as a gentleman of 
high business ability ; he is a member of the 
Ontario College of Pharmacy, and by his strict atten- 
tion to the calls of his profession, he has built up a 
substantial trade. 

T, W. Moor*. Importer and Dealer in Marble 
and Gianite, opposite the Market. — Since the days 
of the early Greeks and Romans the art of sculpturing 
has been held in the highest esteem, and as it is in 


H !•; P II K S h N T A I I \' !•; 1 11 S I N K S S M I', N 


still retained. 

ig instituiionsof 

ciipied comprise 

i8xSo feet in 

niely appointed 

cli is thoroughly 

provements and 

eniicais, toilet 

)ds, physicians' 

in a first-class 

nd experienced 

to the careful 

)ns, in which he 

als. Having a 

ca, he makes a 

mula; upon the 

In addition to 

eals extensively 

jarden or farm 

iliable and war- 

tiires a special 

rse feed, which 

section of the 

Zavan in 1844, 

as since resided 

gentleman of 

lemher of the 

his strict aften- 

has built up a 

the prcidiictions of the ■sculptor's ^kill that we mark 
the renting pincc of our diMd, it U obvious iliiit ilii. 
Ir.vlf li)rnis no iiniini rlntit item in the list ol iiidiis- 
Iries ci>ii>tiiiiti- imr ccminurri;!! f.ibric. A prom 
im-nt est;ilili>.liinenl, well known in the Midland 
coiniiiei, and which is (jevot.-d to this pursuit, is that 
of Mr. T. VV. Miiori'. impnritr and licak'r in niarl):c 
anil granite. Tiiis Ims'tiess was <'sial)'isln(| six years 
ago l)y Mes-irs. .S A. Mnorc X; Sun, Imt for the last 
three years ii has hcen iindei the sole nianageminl of 
Mr, T, W . Mc.oro. 'liio premises occupied are 
situate opposite the market, an<l include a spacious 
yard wi'li a sliuwromn. 22\ J2feet indiinensioiis, where 
roiigli work is executed. This establishment i> a thor- 
oughly representative one, and all kindsof monuments, 
slabs and headstones are turned out in the highest per- 
fection ()( the an ; the ceint leries in this section show 
smu! beautiful speeimens of the artistic work turned 
out from these premises. There are few families but 
sometime or other have the mournful but at the .same 
time satisfactory tasl; of erecting a monument f)ver 
the grave of some dear deceased. In consulting Mr. 
Moore, they will at the same time best consult their 
own interests, and at his hands will receive every 
.satisfaction. Mr. .Moore was born at Napanee 30 
years ago. He is a thoroughly practical stonecutter, 
marble worker and designer, and enjoys a large trade 
in this district. 

T. Dolan li OO., Wholesale and Retail Clothiers, 
•orncr of (;eorge and Hunter .Streets. -Enterprise, 
coupled with the ever necessary practical knowledge 
of a business, are the two principal requisites to a 
rapid growth and per- 
manent success, and It is 
an agreeable task to 
chronicle the history and 
facilities of an establish- 
ment like that of Mes- 
srs. T. !':)lan iV: Co., 
which now forms the 
subject of this sketch. 
This csial'lishment is 
one of the chief business 
houses of I'eterboro', and 
conducts a wide and ex- 
tended busintss in the 
line of wholes.nle and re 
tail clothing. The ready- 
made clothing trade has 
undergone a wondeiful 
dcvelo()n)ent in the 
course of the last half 
century, and has mate- 
riallyadded lotheindus- 
trial resources of a coun- 
try and at the same lime 
has furnished employ- 
ment to a large nund^er 
of hands, both female as 
well as male. Th..; b isiness of Messrs. Dolan & Co. 
was founded by the present proprietor 12 years ago, 
and since its inception at that period, its trade has been 
of a steadily increasing nature, now amounting to from 
$60,000 to $80,000 per year, while its facilities and 
advantages have been equally developed. The prem- 
ises utibz'd for this 'arge and comprehens ve busi- 
ness consist of a handsome brick structure, admirably 
located at the corner of George and Hunter .Streets, 
and which, from an architectural pomt of view, forms 
an adornment to the town. The building is four stories 
in height, and comprises two stores, the one 24x90 

■ feet in diinenslon.s and the other J.SxQo feel ; these 
are slocked with a full .mcl varied as-drinieiit ol cloths 
and ready-made cliuliing, niamifaclurt d in ilie latest 
styles ill all iiKidein r ..d Lisliiniiable gimds, and which 
both for durabiily and <|iiably of maleilal used, as 
well as fur superior woikmanslilp niul general ext el- 
lence, are the etpial of any goods in this line in the 
I whole |)omii)loii, great cue beiig displayed in the 
selecli' n and purchase of the vaiious classi s of goods 
Isold at this establishment, which find n n ady market 
ihrouchout Ontario and the North- West. 'Yhi 
I second fl.n is ulili/eil as wareroom^, and the third is 
I devolcd to ihe making up of ordered garments, of 
! which a specialty is made. A staff of competent 
assistants is kepi for this |)urpose, the culling being 
j enlrusied to Mr. 1'. .Siii>oii>, who has had a varied 
, and practical experience in this line, and is a thorough 
, ma>ler of his art, excellent workmanship a'ld per- 
I feci Ills are in every case guaranteed. Mr. Dolan 
was born at I.oiigliglynn, county Rosc(mimon, Ire- 
land, in December 1851, and came to this countiy in 
l86g, locating at once at I'eteiboro', where he has 
ever identified himself with the best inti resis of the 
place of his adoption. He is chairman of the License 
Commissioners, and also chairman of the School 
] Hoard. In his commercial caieer he has achieved a 
prominenc • .iccorded only to iho'e whose trans- 
actions have been ba.scd upon the enduring principles 
of equity and honor. He has brought lo bear on his 
enterprise sound judgment, tact and enirgy, which 
traits have enabled him to meet the demands of the 
trade, ar>d to draw around him the wide [connection 
he now enjoys. 

Quirk Ir Co>« Importers and Manufacturers 'of 
Foreign and Domestic Cigars. Office and Factory, 
Simcoe Street. — The manufacture of tine cigars is ari 
important industry in any country, and in Canada 
this branch of pur.''uit forms a verv prominent feature 
of her commercial enterprise. The thriving town of 
I'eterboro' is well represented in this directicm by the 
firm of Alessrs, Quirk & Co,, well-known importers 
and manufacturers of foreign and domestic cigars. 
This business was established three years ago by 
Messrs. Quirk, 'illar & Co., and m its present con- 
stitution is composed only of Mr. Hugh Quirk and 


TOWN ()!• I'K rKKIKUlO' 


Mr. I). I'. Millar, wim luo Knili |)rarii(,il liimincHs 
men, wi'll vc'iMC I ill nil thi- dctaiN oi lhi^ Imsiiusx. 
Their cjlVuf 1111(1 f.iclory \^ l<nMUtl mi Siiiiiih- Mnct, 
whi-ri! two flii«, 4C)\iS fi'ft in ilimnisioiis, art' luili/.fil 
for the i>iir»uil nt lhi> lr:\ile, cniployment licinj{ fur- 
nished ti) (iftecii iimi[)oieiU iiiisiNtanis. The |iri«luc- 
tiiins of iliix hiMiHe li.ivf met with nencrai I'.ivor where- 
ever ihfy have lieen inlroiliiceil, anti tiu'ir li.xle is n( 
a xteailily ini:rea-»iiin naliire, extciidinn thr>iiiv;h all 

pirts of tiiL' county, as well as to n.iirie, Orillin, 
f'ohouru ami more ili-tnni P"'"*"'- 'l"o succeed in this 
enterprise ie<|uires able business ninnaneuiriil and 
exceptional ability as a jud^e of the leaf lobacco ; 
that Messrs. (Juirk & ("o. are possessed o( these re- 
<|uirenients, their wide re|) ami Hii'«ini» trade 
amply demonstrate. They keep at all times a lull 
assortment of imported fij»ars, as well as those of 
their own make, which have a standard character in 
the market, and which include such well-known 
hrand.i as " Octim.itiis," " Whip poor- will," ''Chic- 
Chic," ".Matador." "(lood l•;nou^;h,•' -'Karly liirds," 
" I'eterboro' " and "La Krivola;" a la rye stock of 
totiaccos is always kept on lund. Of the individual 
members of this linn, Mr. (^)uirk was burn in the 
township of llurford, in the county of Itrant, May <). 
1855, while Mr. .MMIar was born at llamihon, July 
20, 1S62. Diirinj; their basines-i career, which has j 
been characterized by er. 'rtjy and enterprise, these 
gentlemen have achieved an envi.d)le reputation for 
promptness auil reliability, and are held in high re- ; 
.sj)ect and esteem. I 

Ir.iile. 'I'hey n>anul.iciiire parlor furniture of every 
description and enbinet work to ordi r, and a'so re- 
pair and iipholsiei linniture ui the shoiiesi notice, 
an<l Ti re>idi'iire furnisheil tllroll^holll fi»m this eHlah- 
lishment leaves the occupant nbsuluiely noihin^ to 
wj«h lor. They do the laruesi iipholstiiy trade in 
the town, and also deal in pictures and picture 
frames. The individual members of this lirm ure 
Mr. John D. t'raij;, who was born in I'eterboro' 28 
year« ago, and Mr. ArchibaM Mooney, who was born 
here 2.) years a^o. Iloih are active, reliable business 
men, who by the exerciie of enterprise and energy 
have attained a prominence in (he trade that itt nc 
Corded only to those whose operations are character- 
ized by the sound piinciples of meicaniile probity. 
Mr. Crai^ is also assistant chit of the lire depart- 

Oraig li Moonay, Upholsterers and (General 
Furniture Dealers, corner (leorge and Hrock Streets, 
opposite the ro-' Office. -The attention that has 
been gi' "in to the production of tine furniture in this 
country .lurmg the past lew years has develoiied the j 
fact thai Canadian skill and inventive ;»enius are ( 
<|uite as successful in 'his industry as they have proved . 
in many others. Of the marked improvement in the 
culture and general good taste of the public, no more 
convincing proof is to be found than by a visit to an 
establishment such as that conducted by Messrs. 
Craig & Mooney, at the corner of Craig and Brock 
Streets, and a comparison made of the furniture and 
upholstered goods shown at this house with the very 
best of 20 years ago. This concern, which bearj the 
marks of enterprise and judicious management, 
enjoys a substantial trade which radiates in all 
directions. This busine-s was purchased by the 
present proprietors from Mr. W. J. Langford ; the 
premises occupied comprise two well-arranged flats, 
60x30 feet in dimensions, where every facility is at 
hand fur the efficient prosecution of this business 
The first flat is utilized as a store and the second is 
devoted to manufacturing purposes, employment 
b^ing given to four competent hands. The store is 
replete with an extensive stock of all kinds of parlor, 
dining room and bedroom furniture, sofas, chairs, 
tables, spring beds, mattresses, etc., and in fact 
everything that will add in any manner to the ele- 
gance and comfort of home. A specialty is made of 
upholstering, which is executed in all standard 
materials in the highest degree of skill known to the 

H. LaBruilt Merchant Tailor. The business of 
merchant tailoring forms no unimpoiiant void in the 
list of industries that go to make up the commercial 
fabric of a large community, ami as such is deserving 
of especial notice in a compitbeiisive work of this kiiui. 
.\mongsi those establishments which have gained 
a thoroughly well deserved reputation for the su- 
perior (jualiiy and make of their garments, that 
of Mr. II. LeHrnn is especially deserving of men- 
tion. This house was founded by the present 
proprietor fourteen years dgo, and since its incep- 
tion at that period it has gradually developed its 
resources anil increased iis trade. ( ommencing in a 
comparatively small way, wiili a liir I capital, the 
energy and enterprise of .Mr. LeUri iibined with 

a straightforwarcl business sysieii united to 

place this establishment amongst inc p'ominent and 
reliable busincrss houses of the town, while an annual 
trade is enjoyed which now amounts to b. 'tween 
$40,000 and $50,000. The premises occupied com- 
prise three flats, each 70x30 feel in dimensions, and 
wliich are admirably adapted for the reipiirements of 
this buiiness ; the first serves as a general store and 
show room, tlie second is devotcil to ready-mnde 
clothing, while the third is used as a. workshop. The 
stock is very full and complete, and comprises line 
cloths, tweeds and vestings. worsteds and diai;onals, 
cassimeres, and all standard materials, of the best 
foreign manufacture, which have been selecteil with 
the greatest care, and which for cpiality, variety 
and elegance, must suit the tastes of the most fastidi- 
ous ; these cloths are the pick of the best markets 
and in the most fashionable patterns. A specialty is 
made of custom work, which is conducied under an 
able and artistic cutter, while emoloyment is give to 
from twenty-five to thirty hands. Mr. Lelirun 
possesses ample facilities for the prompt fulfdment of 
all orders, and all operat'ons are conducted under his 
personal supervision. None but experienced hands 
are employed, and thus first-class workmanship is at 
all times a leading characteristic. To those desiring 
a high grade of custom clothing, this house commends 
itself as one that will furnish only such garments as 
shall rank superior in all respects. In ready-made 
clothing a stock of goods is carried, which has the 
style and finish of ordered clothing, and which is 
sold at prices that defy competition. This house, 
widely known as the "City Clothing Store," displays 
the sign of the golden horse shoe, symbolic of good 
luck to all who pass under it. Mr. LeBrun is a 
native of St. Eustache, in the Province of Quebec, 
and enjoys the respect and esteem of all with whom 
he is acquainted. 




ituro of every 
r, anil a'to re- 
loricNi notice, 
oni this cxtiit)- 
riy iiiiihinK to 
Htiiy triKli- in 
s iiiiil |iiciure 
lliis lirni arc 
I'rU'lliiiro' 28 

mIiii was liorn 
li.ililc* Inisincss 
ic aiul energy 
idt- ilint i.s nc- 

arc charncter- 
aniile proWily. 
If tiri; (le{)art- 

lif luiiiness of 
anl void in the 
III- ciinnnercinl 
cli is ilfservini» 
)rk III' this kiiul. 
Ii liavi; ^aiiii'tl 
nil fur the su- 
^aiiiifiits, that 
LTviiiy of men- 
y tlif present 
iiice its iiicep- 
(Ifvuli'iieil its 
innieiiciii^ in a. 
1 capitiil, the 
iiliiiied with 
uiiileil to 
[p'liniinent anil 
liilc an annual 
Its to I) 'tween 
icciipied com- 
elisions, and 
iiiiements of 
al store and 
ksli'jp. The 
im prises tine 
d iliaj^onals, 
of the best 
selected with 
ality, variety 
most fastidi- 
liest markets 
\ specialty is 
ed under an 
lent is give to 
Mr. LeUrun 
t fulfilment of 
cted under his 
ienced hands 
manship is at 
those desiring 
use commends 
\\ garments as 
n ready-made 
hich has the 
and which is 
This house, 
ore," displays 
bolic of good 
LeBrun is a 
;e of Quebec, 
II with whom 

the house has obtained a lilieral and influential pat- 
ronage, owing to the unsurpassed elegance, (juality 
and novelty of its glassware and porcelain goods. 
Mr. Wilson is a leading imiiorler in ih s line, and 
conducts an important wholcsalje and retail business. 
The premises occupied are very comm idious and 
spacious, and comprise two flats, each 50x120 feet in 
dimensions, the one being devoted to fancy goods 
and China, and the other to dinner and breakfast 
services and staple goods. A fine assorted and most 
co.Tiplete stock of choice glassware is always carried, 
including the finest Bohemian glass, Laver and 
China goods, decorated in the most exquisite manner. 
In student, argand, duplex and gas chimneys the 
stock is large, covering every conceivable want of 
the most refined communities. Both in Baccarat and 

the earliest moment, and the splendid exhibit in his 
show rooms affords abundant proof of his ability to 
supply the most exacting demands of a critical trade. 
A I'lrge business is also done in American and 
Canadian coal oil, which is of the purest quality, 
from leading refineries. Employment is given to six 
assistants, and two horses and waggons are kept 
steadily busy delivering goods. Mr. Wilson was 
born in Norwich, 29 years ago, and for several years 
was engaged in business in St. Thomas, leaving that 
place five years ago in order to locate in Peterboro'. 
Mr. Wilson enjoys a high reputation for his honor- 
able and equitable methods, and has developed a 
trade whose character and magnitude indicate the 
large measure of confidence reposed in him by a 
large class of patrons. 



■"'v^i' *T-*''r? ■ 

;'T'7'"T1T '"V'^'"?.'^^ — T7jiii.»ji*niyppf,(WjH 





John Nugent. Chemist and [druggist, Hunter 
Street, opposite OrientalHotel. — Amongst the jKomi- 
nent necessities of a community, a rclialile drug store 

is one of primary and 
essential importance. 
The drugtiist is tlic aide 
assistant of the physician 
and his skill in a great 
mefsiire renders the 
medical profession effi- 
cient ; the doctor may 
successfully diagnose, 
but the chemist cjiupounds the relief. A representa- 
tive establishment in I'eterhoro' and one that enjoys 
a deservedly h'gh repu'ation, is that of Mr. John 
Nugent, whose place of business is centrally located 
on ilunter Street, opposite the Oriental Hot.l. The 
store, 70x14 feet in dimension-, is elegantly and 
elaborately titteil up, with every facility for conduct- 
ing the busines \ The siocU consists of pure fresh 
drugs, chemicals, toilet articles, extracts, perfumery, 
proprietary meilici".i;s of worth and merit, fancy toilet 
soaps, and a number of druggists' sundries usually 
found in a first-class establishment ol this kind. 
Special attention is given 10 physicians' and family 
prescriptions, >*hich are compounded in an accurate 
and careful manner, showing the highest standard of 
professional accomplishment. Mr. Nugent has a 
thorough knowledge of materia medica. Amongst 
the special pre|iarations manufactured by this gentle- 
man may be mentioned I'ine Tar Cordial, which is 
prepared from pure pine lar and is highly recom- 
mended I'or obstinate coughs, colds, asthtiia and 
bronchitis. Nugeiit's Dysp^'p-ia Remedy is widely 
and successfully used as a specific cute for dyspepsia, 
indigestion and acidity of the stomach, and as many 
can gratefully testify, has been used with the most 
gratifying results. -Mr. Nugent was born January 8, 
1849, in Victoria county, and is widely known as a 
gentleman of hiuh professional abilities and scholarly 
attainments. Le was formerly lieutenant of No. 6 
company of the 45th Battalion Infantry. 

without injury, and finished to give them the ap|)ear- 
ance of new goods, at the most r^ason.^ble prices. 
The trade extends throughout this section of the 
I'fovinc-.', and is of large dimensions. Mr. I'arker is 
a native of Macclesfield, Yorkshire, Kngland, and 
came to Montreal 20 ^ears ago, where he worked ab 
a machinist. He a.'terwards went to Ottawa, where 
he learnt the dyeing business, being 15 years in that 
line with his father. .Mr. I'arker, who is now 28 
years of age, is a gertleman of thorough pushing and 
enterijrising business habits. 

A. Parkftr, Ste.iin iJycing and Scouring Estah- 
.Ishnient. Office and Works, Wat-r .Street, opposite 
the Market. —.\ii important enterjjMse and one of, 
great convenience 10 the community in general is the ' 
steam dyeing and scouring establishment of .Mr. A. 
Parker. This business was started by Mr. Parker 
three years ago, and in that period he has built up 
from a comparatively small beginning a substantial 
and steadily increasing trade. The premises utilized 
for this business are centrally located on Water .Street, 
opposite the market, by the river side, and comprise 
a spacious buihiing. 70x30 feet in dimensions, which 
is admirably adapted for the purposes of this business, ■ 
and is replete with every facility and aop'iance for its 
efficient prosecution. Kmployment is given to six 
assistants, ai'.d the motive po.\er for the steam ex- 
tractoi, presses and cylindets is supplied by a 15 horse- 
power engine. The sp cial business cirried on is 
dyeing all kinds of fabrics and clothing, also cle.ining 
and removing spots and stains, and cleanirg, curl- 
ing and dyeing ostiich plumes in all shailes. 
Clothing is cleaned and dye<l w'thout taking 
apart, and dresses and shawls, lace curtains, 
fringes, braids, gimps, velvets, si'ks, broche 
and crape shawls and the finest fabrics are made 
to look equal to new after going through the 
new and iinproved process introduced at this 
establishment. All articles from the coarsest fabrics 
to the finest are cleaneci and dyed in the best manner. 

E. D. OOMgh, Clothier, Hats, Caps and Gents' 
Furnishings, (ieorge Street. — There is no trade 
which, in the la-t half century, has undergone a more 
comjiletc revoliition thai: has the clothing trade. The 
introduction of re.ndymafle clothing has conferred an 
inestimable benefit on all cjasses, for the advantages 
of obtaining clothes at a momep.t's notice, tipial in 
c|uality and mak-; to custom-made goods, must be 
obvious to ever)one. Thanks 10 the energy and 
enterprise of one man, this branch of industry in 
Pelerboro' is most matvri:illy developed. When Mr. 
Gough, the wonderful cheap man, teitled here ind 
opened up a business in ihis line two years ago, 
he conferred an inestimable boon, not alone on the 
immediate community. In" throughout mi'ny parts of 
the Province, where his proitucts are in constant and 
eager demand. Mr. Gough conducts a very large and 
extended business as a clothier and dealer in hats, 
caps and gents' furnishirgs. When first 'ocating here 
he occupied premises in the Arcade liuildings, but 
the almost phenomenal ('■.■velopment of his trade 
necessitated larger (piarters, and he accordingly re- 
moved to his present location, occupying the store 
formerly known as the Ron .Marche; here three 
spacious flat.=, each 125x40 feet in Himensions, are 
utilized for the pui poses of this comprehensive busi- 
ness, the first constitutes the store, the secc-d is 
devoted tu overcoats, etc., while the third is used for 
manufacturing purposes. Every facility is enjoyed in 
this establishment for the rapid and efficient prose- 
cution of this; business. This house is in every way 
able to compete with its conteniporr-ries in Ontario, 
and besides advant.'.ges jieculiarly its own, it has 
siiecia! facilities for obiainiiii; sujiplies in bulk. The 
goods of this house are highly esteemed wherever in- 
troduced, for the style, ij:iality and excellence of its 
manufacture, and the aim of the concern is not to 
realize a large profit, but to supply fine goods at low 
price's, and to derive its compensation from increased 
sales and quick returns ; in short, not tti compete, but 
to excel. The large stock carried is of a most com- 
prehensive nature, ai-.d includes re.idy-made clothes 
of every ])a'tern ar.l style, such as men's blue serge 
suits for $3.50, all wool tweeds lor $4.00, West of 
Euijland and Scotch tweeds, $5 50 to $8.00, which, 
if bought by custom wo'k, would cost from $15.00 
to $22.00; boys" suits from 98 cents np, with a cap 
thrown in, and other specialties too numerous to 
mention, which are sold at jirices that must astonish 
all. To mark the enterprise which characterizes Mr. 
Gough in his administration of this busim-ss, he pays 
railroad fare within a radius of 100 miles of Pelerboro' 
to anyone visiting his establishment and purchasing 
$;o worth of goods. Mr. Gough owns a store in 
Toronto, located at 420 Queen Street West, where, 
in the brisk con. petition that there exists, he bids fair 
to outdistance all contemporaries. Mr. Gough was 
born M.ay 30, 1857, in KIcinburg, Vaughan, Vork 
county, and has been two years a resident of Peter- 
boro'. He is a gentleman of rare executive ibilily. 

rri^AITf •(•■' f,» ' 





of the 
'arker is 
111, and 
)iked m 


in that 
now 28 
ing and 

possessing a thorough knowlcdgj of the l)usiness and 
the re(|uirements of the trade, and is in every vay 
<]ualifie(i for its successful prosecution. In gents' 
lurnishings and the hat department the same high 
standard of goods, with low prices, is maintained, 
which, combined, have served to spread the (ame and 
reputation of this establishment in all directions. 

M. Sullivan, Dealer in Staple and Fancy Dry 
Goods, No. 3 Cox's Block, (Jeorge Street. — In review- 
ing the commercial pursuits and ii.dusiries of I'e'er- 
boro', it has been our aim to mention those houses 
which ire best representatives of the various liranches 
of tro jc, and which contribute most to the reputation 
of the town as a source of supply. Among the various 
avocations followed here, that of dry goods may be 
regarded as of the greatest importance to the com- 
munity as comprising such a variety of goods that 
may be said to be of absolute daily necessity in some 
shape or form. A prominent house is that of Mr. M. 
Sullivan, of Cox's Block, Cleorge . treet, who carries 
on a thriving business as a dealer in staple and fancy 
dry goods. Mr. Sullivan was formerly a.'.sociated in 
this enterprise with Mr. Giroux, but for the last yeai- 
he has alone conducted this industry, havinjj bought 
out the interest of his former prriner. A widely 
extended trade is enjoyed, circulating through the 
midland counties, and is of a steadily increasingnature. 
The premises occupied for business purposes comprise 
a well arranged store, 60x30 feet in dimensions, 
with a basement for the storage of goods. The stock 
is very extensive and embraces the cheapest prints to 
the most expensive silk and velvet fabrics, ladies' and 
gents' furnishing good;-., hosiery, linens for household 
use and for wear, woollens, cottons and mixed goods 
of every texture and description, and in short, every- 
thing that legitimately pertains to the staple and fancy 
dry goods trade. Buying in large quantities for cash 
Mr. Sullivan is enabled to give his customers the 
benefit of short profits ; populrr prices prevail : polite 
and attentive assistants serve customers intelligently 
and promptly ; the stock is constantly renewed by 
fresh invoices and something new, beautiful and use- 
ful tan always be found on the "^helves and counters 
Mr. Sullivan was born in Peterborough couniy, 32 
years aq;o, and is a gentleman of thorough business 
experience and ability, while his house commends 
itself as one that may be implicitly relied upon to 
furnish only such goods as shall rank superior in all 

the market. He occupies some 10 acres of ground, 

where he has abundant soil, admirably adapted for 

the making of bricks, while his yards are provi(l"d 

1 with every improved appliance and fiicility for the 

efficient prosecution of this trade, making use of 

Martin's patent brick-making machine. Messrs. 

i Curtis & Sons turn oh» all standard kinds of bricks, 

i finished in the most approved style, and which gives 

I every satii-faction to those ui-ing them ; they make 

' some 18,000 a day. In the Ime of drain tiles they 

1 manufacture a very superior aicicle ; for this purpose 

they have in operation a machine made by Close A 

I Son, of Woodstock, which is one of the best to be 

procured in the world, and is capable of turning out 

I 10,000 siTiall tile.'' day. This establishment is now 

I in a position to meet all demands made upon it, and 

j to fill orders promptly and efficiently. The individual 

I members of this firm are Mr. Mark Curtis and his 

three sons, Charles, Albert E. and George. The 

i former was born at Warminster, Wiltshire, England, 

and has been in Canada for 32 years, where his long 

and practical experience in brick-making has enabled 

him to develop a large and lucrative business, which 

now gives employment to a staff of 20 hands. This 

firm ship their articles of manufacture to all points in 

the Midland district, and as far east as Ottawa, 

including a)' the points intervening. 

Mark Ourtis Ir Sona, Manufacturers of Brick 
and Tile, Otonabee. — The rapid development of the 
building interests throughout the whole Province of 
Ontario has given a keen impetus to the manufacture 
of brxks and tiles, and in a comprehensive work of 
this kind, dealing with our industrial resources, this 
importnnt branch of commerce is one deserving of 
particular mention. The steady advancement in 
building operations in this section has caused an active 
demand for supplies in this line, and for years the 
firm now known as Messrs. M. Curtis & Sons have 
been actively engaged in supplying that demand. 
Mr, Curtis commenced this business 26 years ago, 
ami in '.hat lengthy period his trade has most 
materially increased, and the demand for his products 
is growing larger every year. He supplies builders 
and contractors throughout a wide district, and the 
materials turned out by him have a high reputation in 

Long Broa>, Confectioners and Pastry Cooks, 
George Street. — In no country is there, proportion- 
ately, so large a consumption of confectionery as in 
this, and thus this branch of trade forms a very im- 
portant feature of our commercial 
pursuits. In Peterboro' an old es- 
tablished firm is that of .Messrs. 
Long Bros., who have succeeded 
in building up a reputation and a 
trade which has been wholly due to 
the high quality of the goods manu- 
factured and dealt in. This busi- 
ness was established by these gen- 
tlemen 1 2 years apo, two separate 
stor2s, both located on George 
Street, are utilized, the one 75x13 
feet in dimensions, and the other 
I 2^..x65 feet, both being admirably 
adapted for the purposes of this 
I trade. All the goods are manu- 
factured according to the most 
improved methods, special atten- 
tion being devoted to cleanliness. 
A full stock of confectionery, at^ 
all times fresh, is always on hand, and while all 
the goods are of the best description, a specialty is 
made of wedding cakes, for which the Messrs. Lore 
Bros, receive orders from all sections of the Midland 
counties ; they also cater to evening parties, suppers, 
banquets and wedding breakfasts, lurnishing every- 
thing necessary for such entertainments, while their 
charges are of a most reasonablenitture. Handsome ice 
cream department and soda water fountains are 
attached to each of the shops. They give employ- 
ment to nine assistants, and personally supervise all 
departments of their business. The individual mem- 
bers of this copartnership are Messrs. J. and Harry 
Long ; both were born near VVarminster, in the 
county ol Wilts, England, and came straight to 
Peterboro' on their arrival in this country, and that 
their energies have been well directed is evinced by 
the prosperous business they now control. 







pianos found here embrace 
every attribute that a musician 
could crave ; and for beauty 
and fullness of tone, with neat- 
ness of finish an<l execution, 
are simply unsurpassed. Mr. 
Crosby is sole agent in the 
counties of Peterborough and 
Victoria tor the Stephensori 
piano, Kingston ; the Girard 
Heinlzman celebrated Lans- 
downe piano, Toronto ; the 
Emerson piano, Boston ; the 
Steinway and Haynes, New 
\'ork ; and several other first- 
class American pianos, as well 
as the celebrated Uxbridge 
organ, and Doherty, of Clin- 
ton, Ont. This organ has no 
equal in tohe, finish and gene- 
ral excellence, and wherever 
introduced has given every 
satisfaction. Mr Crosby is a 
native of I'xbridge. where he 
was born 39 years ago, and is 
a gentleman of thorough ex- 
perience in all details pertain- 
ing to this business. 

«!• W. Crosby, I'ian(js, Organs, etc., fJeorge 
.Street. — .\dvancenient in civilization is always reached 
by a corresponding improvement in the music .ind 
musical instruments in general use among the people. 
To the ancients, the pipes, die lyre, llute and harp \ 
were the mediums for delighting the ear with sweet 
sounds. At the present time ihe pianoforte and '. 
organ are the most popular of musical instruments, 
till now one or either is considered an absolute neces- 1 
sity in most homes. As in most articles of daily use, ; 
there is an immense difference in the make an<i tone ; 
of these instruments, and thus it is of primary import . 
ance that they should alone be got through the 1 
medium of a thoroughly responsilile and reliable I 
house, such as that of Mr. J. W, Crosby, who is a i 
prominent dealer in this section in pianos, organs 
and musical goods in general. I\ir. Crosby has been i 
engaged in this business in Peterboro' for the last 
two years, and in that period has gaineil a substantial 
connection, and a solid reputation for dealing only in 
those instruments which are in every way sat sfactory, 
and which can be guaranteed to be exactly as repre- 
sented. Every facility isoffered purchasers for obtaining 
first-class goods at reasonable terms and prices, and 
instruments are bought, sold and exchanged. The 

Robert H. Oreen, Dealer in Groceries, Pro- 
visions, Crocktry, eic, Fruit and Vejretables in 
season, corner Hunter and Aylmer .Streets. — The 
trade in groceries is of a most comprehensive nature, 
and includes the products of every country in the 
globe. These products include the great majority 
of necessities required in our daily life, hence this 
industry is fairly entitled to rank as one of the most 
important of our commercial pursuits. Amongst 
those establishments devoted to this pursuit in Peter- 
borcj', and which from the standard quality of their 
goods have earned a solid reputation, is that of Mr. 
K. II. Green. This gentleman has been established 
in business for 18 years, the last eight of which in his 
present stand, and in that time he has ever enjoyed 
a liberal share of support, and his business is of a 
steadily increasing nature. His premises, con- 
veniently located at the corner of Hunter and Aylmer 
Streets, comprise a neatly arranged store, 45x20 feet 
in dimensions and three stories in height, which is 
stocked throughout with a finesupply of choice staple 
and fancy groceries, general provisions, hermetically 
sealed goods in tin and glass, breakfast cereals, the 
best of teas from Japan and C hina, with fragrant 
coffees from Java, Mocha and South America, con- 

U t; I' II E S E N T A T 1 \' V\ H L S 1 N E S S M E N 


(iiiiienls and lahlc delicacit-S, toyclhcr wiili 'riiit and i 
vefjeliililfH in season. A fresh supply of =;(,'(;« and 
butter and oilier farmers' prddiice is kejit in si(jck at 
all seasons, Mr. Green getting tluin direct from the 
farmers, lie has every lacihty for (ihtaininj; the lie>t 
and freshest of supplies, aiu! husir.ess relations once 
entered into are sure to he lastini; and saiisfactory, 
his sole aim being to jjive entire saii-faciicn loall his 
patrons. Hmjilojuient is tjiven to three assistant,-., 
and a horse ami waggon is kept busily going deliver 
ing goods. Mr. (Ireenisa native of North Mouaghan 
in this Province, having been born there 45 years ago; 
he is a gentleman of eneigy and enterprise, and has 
evrr taken a warm interest in all movements having 
for their object the welfare of I'eterboro" ; for tw(< 
years he represented No. 2 Ward in the town council. 
Mr. Cireen's uncle, Richard 'I'ooley, Esq., represents 
East Middle ex in the Ontario Legislature. He is 
an experienced parliamentarian, having been returned 
to represent this county for several tertiis. 

Orand Central Hotel (late C.iisse House), V. 
J. Oaly, I'loprieior. There is nothing which marks 
the importance or adds to the prestige of a place more 
efTeclively ihan desiralile hotel accommoda;ion. In 
this line I'ettrboro' is |)arlicular;y fortunate, and 
among the jiopidar and representative houses of the 
loMn, he (i^aml Central Hotel, owned i)y Mr. I'. J. 
Daly, l.ikes primary rark. This establishment was 
originally founded by Mr. Leon t,"aii-se, and for many 
jears was known as the Caisse llmise. Since its in- 
ception it has passed through sevural hands, till some 
four 5 ears ago it was taken f)ver by Mr. I)a y, whose 
immediate predece>sor was Mr. T. G. Choate. Mr. 
I laly is a thorough hotel man, enterprising and ener- 
getic, and hns done much in adding to the reputation 
of the Giand Central Hotel. The building is a sub- 
santial structure of four stories in height, and ii 
admirably located. Internally its arrangements arc 
in e-. cry respect up to the highest standard of comfort 

Ea E« Bowlai Agricultural Implements, Hunter 
Street. — The inventive genius of this progressive age 
has found one of its most fertile and usefid fields in 
devising implements designed to lighten the labors 
of ihe, and as a result, the tiller of the 
scil of to-day is provided with machines, which to a 
very great extent relieve him from heavy manual 
labor. I'eterboro' is the centre of a wide and 
important agricultural district, there is ihusaconstant 
demand for improved machinery and implements for 
farming purposes. An establishment which since its 
foundation has proved a pei feet boon to farmers in 
this section is that which is so ably controlled by 
Mr. E. E. Howie, at whose warerooms on Hunter 
.Street, west of George, a inost complete assortment 
of the newest inventions in machinery and im- 
plements is to be found. This sicjck, which is of a 
most comprehensive nature, includes the Rubicon 
traction engine, Oshawa engine, new model 
thresher, clover mill, Oshawa mower, Chathai 
twine binder, Chatham waggon, beaver drill, 
Masson rake and folding cultivator, the I .V L 
fanning mill, J. Whyte& Co. 's ploughs, gang ploughs, 
three sizes of land rollers, harrows, straw cutters, 
cultivators, horse hoes and many other productions 
of practical use and e-isential necessity to every 
farmer. All kinds of repairs are always kept on 
hand for any machines sold from this establishment. 
Mr. Bowieis also agent for Cockshutt's celebrated "J. 
G. C." riding plough, a purely Canadian design and 
patent, which was first offered for sale in 1886, and 
which in its constructive and comprehensive range of 
work eclipses all similar iniplenients. This plough 
is the only one in the world built on the king bolt 
princijile ; it is self adjusting, and the depth of the 
furrow is regulated by two levers, which are worked 
from the seal while the plough is speeding along. 
The stock carried by Mr. I5owie is carefully selected 
from the best firms in the Dominion, and all goods 
purchased here may be relied upon as in every way 
first-class, combining thorough excellence and effi- 
ciency. Mr. Bowie has had a long experience in 
this line; he was first established here for three years, 
some fifteen years ; ago for two years at Hamilton, 
four years in Prince Edward Island, and four years 
in London, where he had charge of Mr. F. W. Glen's 
warehouse. Mr. Bowie was born in the county ot 
Peterborough 52 years ago, and is a gentleman widely 
known and respected in all circles. 

Mvl elegance, and I'o pains or expense have been 
spared to render this hotel first-c'ass in every respect. 
The plumbing and ventilation are of a most satisfac- 
tory character, and the b\iikliiig is supplied with the 
latest and most improved appliances It is heated in 
the winter by sieam, anil is lit with electric light and 
gas. The hotel has 50 bedrooms light and airy, 
furnished in modern style and replete with every 
convenience ; abo parlors, smoking and reading 
rooms, a billiard room with four excellent tabk-s, and 
a dining room capable of seating a targe number of 
guests. The iitisiiie is under first-class management, 
and the table is liberally supplied with the delicacies 
of the season. All apartments are spacious and com- 
modious and elegant in all their appointments, fixtures 
and ujiholstery. There is staiiling for 20 horses, this 
department being in charge of ex])erienced assistants. 
Mr r ly is himself a lover of the horse, and is owner 
I f.imous mare "Fannie B." Mr. Daly is a 

n.ui\c of this Proviiif-e, having been born on the 15th 
September, 1 85 1. j was for several years proprietor 
of the Daly House, Winnipeg, from which he removed 
to take over his present establishment. Mr. Daly 
makes a most obliging and genial hoJvt, and guests 
will at all times find here courteous p:id prompt atten- 
tion, a pleasant locality and everj thing indicative of 
home comfort. 




Mill Street, Otonabee I^iver. A. J. Lindsay, W. 
Sel'lon. — A sure proof of the progressive enterprise 
of Peterljoro' is afTorded by the attraction of fresh 
energy and industry to the town, a notable instance 
of which is alTorded by Messrs. Lindsay (Ji: Seldon, 
who a year ago settled here ami opened up an im- 
portant establishment for the manufacture of furni- 
ture. The attention that has been given to the pro- 
duction of tine furniture in this country in recent 
years, has developeil the fact Canadian skill and 
inventive genius are quite as successful in this iniius- 
try as they have proved in many others. Ample 
proof of this is aflToided by a visit to the factory of 
the gentlemen above mentioned, which now forms 
the subject of this sketch. Though comparatively 
recently established, they have by the recognized 
superiority of their productions built a solid founda- 
tion o( a trade that only wants lime to develop to 

ed in all styles and finished in the highest state of 
l)erfection thai mechanical ingenuity can devise, 
The factory is located on the banks of tfie Oton- 
abee Kiver, from which ample water power 
is derived by lease from the Dickson estate. 
The members of this copartnership are Mossrs. A.J. 
Lindsay and VV. .Seldon, both of whom are natives 
of Canada, and the business they have so tar built up 
is the result of the unusual energy and ability which 
they have i)rought to bear upon their 
Hoth gentlemen «re thoroughly practical men, 
having been connected with the largest establish- 
ments in America; they understand every detail 
of their business, and give personal supervision 
on the premises, Mr. Lindsay having the mechan- 
ical department in charge, while Mr. Seldon attends 
to designing, carving, etc. The bu'intss of late has 
increased so rapidly that the proprietors have deter- 
mined to aigment the present structure, and 
the coming fall it will be enlarged to twice its 
present size. Both members of the firm are from 
Caledonia, Haldimand county, and are young men of 
push and energy. 

proportions of much greater magnitude. The build 
ing occupied is a large and substantial one, four 
stories in height, and 40x80 feet in size, admirably 
equipped with all modern tools and appliances for 
prosecuting a business of this nature. Thirty hands 
are employed in the factory, and the product is a 
large quantity annually of all kinds, styles and 
grades of furniture. The firm di-play a magnifi- 
cent stock of unusual magnitude and wonder 
fully complete assortment. It embraces everything 
in the furniture line, such as fine chamber sets in 
numerous designs, including a great variety of 
novelties in centre and side tai)les, library fur 
niture and general house requirements. All 
their goods are made from the most care- 
fully .'elected and thoroughly seasoned material, 
and the workmanship expendi^d upon them is of the 
very best, nothing being allowed to leave the factorv 
at all incomplete or imperfect in finish. They use 
the hot bla^t dry kiln for drying lumber, one of the 
latest and most improved kilns made. The trade 
of the house is very extensive, and includes large 
wholesale transactions in all parts of Canada ; 
the retail trade is confined to custom work. A 
specialty of this house is the manufacture of mantels, 
walnut chamber and art furniture, which are design- 

W. H. Manning, L.D.S.f over Taylor & Mac- 
lonald's Drug Store, entrance on Ilunttr Street. — 
The development of the various professions has been 
me of the pronounced features of the nineteenth 
century, and especially has wonderful improvement 
i)e>Mi made in that of tlentistry, though it is only of 
recent years that this important ]iursuit has risen 
from an operative art to the dignity of a science. 
This result has been attained by the as.-iduous study 
)f those engaged in this profession, who have made 
ts development a life study. Tfieie is as necessary 
I demand for the services of the dental surgeon as 
fir those of the physician, and our health is in no 
■ mall measure dependent upon efficient masticating 
irgans, and none should fail to periodically submit 
he mouth lor inspection. A leading and thoroughly 
ualified exponent of this profession in Pelerboro' 
IS Mr. W. H. Manning, L. U.S., whose office and 
iperating rooms are conveniently located at the 
orner of Hunter and George Streets. This gentle- 
nan has been established here for the last seven 
years and has established a wide reputation, due to 
his strict attention to the calls of his profession, his 
thorough knowledge of the details of dentistry, and 
his moderate charges for services rendered. His 
establishment comprises reception and operating 
rooms, with a well-appointed laboratory, equipped 
with the newest and best appliances for the efficient 
prosecution of this business. Ansesthetics are admin- 
istered with the best effecis, and teeth extracted 
thereby without pain. In operative dentistry Mr. 
Manning is equally succes-ful, and single teeth or 
complete sets are fitted in the most satisfactory 
manner on the most approved methods. M . Man- 
ning is a native of I'eterboro', having been born here 
32 years ago ; he is a graduate of the Roynl College 
of Dental .Surgeons, Omario, and possesses the fullest 
confidence of a wide circle. 

Th« Morgan House, A. P. Morgan, Proprie- 
tor, corner Water and Ilunier Streets — There is 
nothing which adds to the resources and conveniences 
of a town, or which more essentially marks its prog- 
ress and developn ent, than good hotel accommoda- 
tion. In this respect Pelerboro' can b'last of several 
first-class houses, amongst which the Morgan House 
enjoys a wide and well deserved reputation, and with 
residents, fanners and the general travelling public 



tate of 





■'. A. J. 


)uiit up 

y which 








late has 

e deler- 

re, and 

wice its 

ire from 

g men of 

maintains a solid popularity. Tliis house is an old 
established o le, and has l)een for >evc'r,il years in the 
hands of its present propriet(;r. The buildinj; is a 
large and commodious one, and has some 40 sleeping 
ap.irtments, provided with every moder:; convenience. 
In every department it is lilted with neatness and 
elegance, and offers to all the very best accommoda- 
tion, combined with all home comforts. Mi . Motgan, 
the courteous and genial proprietor of this house, is a 
gentleman who thoroughly understands how to make 
his guests comfortable and at home, and furnishes a 
table bountifully spread with all the luxuries and 
dainties, and leaves nothing undone that is conducive 
lo the pleasure or comfort of those who make this 
fa -orite hostilry their headquarters. The tlining room 
has seating acct.mmod,i;ion for a large numbet; of 
guests, and the culinary depaviment is under able and 
experienced management. The cellars are stocked 
with the best brands of wines, liquors and ales, of 
both foreign and native manufacture, and in all de- 
partments this house will be found ihe equal of any 
similar establishment. .Some 13 obliging assistants 
are engaged, and the '-mdlest want of any guest re- 
ceives prompt attention. There are large stables in 
connection, with stabling ro im forsome 22ohorses,nnd 
every attention is paid to hor>es stabled here. The 
terms of this house are most re.isonable, and the ac 
commodation and attention are all that can be de ired. 
Mr. Morgan was born in I'eterboro' some 40 years 
ago, his parents having emigrated from Wales to this 
country in 1834. He posse.-ses all the attributes ne- 
cessary for the carrying on of this business, and under 
hiscare and able administration the house has achieved 
a wide popularity, being hi>;hly spoken of by all who 
have ever experienced its accommodation. 

«!• Bradon, Dealer in Choice Family Groceries, 
Biscuits, Confectionery and i'"ruit, one door north of 
Ormond iS: Walsh's Drug Store, George Street. — It 
would be impossible to overestimate the imp ^rtance 
of the grocery trade, for this branch of industry in- 
cludes a great majority of the necessitie-; and delicacies 
of our daily life. Occupying a high rank among the 

representative firms in 
Peterboro' in this line 
of bu-iness is that of 
•Mr. J. Uiaden, proprie- 
tor of that establish- 
ment popularly known 
as "The Pantry, "who 
conducts a live busi- 
ne-s as a dealer in 
choice family grocer- 
ies, biscuits, confec- 
tionery and fruit. TMs business was e-t blished by 
Mr. Braden four years ago, and in that period he has 
built up a wide and substantial trade, which is of a 
steadily increasing nature. This sati^factory result is 
entirely due to the high standard of goods kept by Mr. 
Braden, who spares no efforts on his part to give entire 
satinl'action to all who favor him with their patronage. 
The premises occupied for business purposes, conven- 
iently located on Cieorge ~lreet, comprise three flats, 
each 60x20 feet in dimensions, which are specially 
adapted for this business, the building being of rrcent 
and modern construction ; the first flatisusedasastore, 
the second for reserve stock, and the third for storage of 
goods, while there is a room for sugar in the rear, 
12x20 feet in size. The trade comprises a fine assort- 
ment of staple and fancy groceries, general provisions, 
canned meats of all kinds, sugars, condiments and 
table delicacies, pure confectionery, domestic and 

foreign fruits, woodenware, and the usual grocers' 
sundries as found in all first-class establishments of 
this kind. A specialty is made of teas and pure 
spices, which include the finest growths of China and 
Japan, together with fragrant coff>.'es from Java, 
.Mocha and South America. In every department 
the very best of goods are kept, and all orders receive 
prompt ai.eniion. Mr. Braden was born in the 
township of Hamilton, in the county of Northumber- 
land, and is a gentleman widely experienced in busi- 
ness, and whose transactions are all conducted on the 
basis of sound commercial integrity. 

Th« DIokson Oompany, Manufacturers of 

Dressed Lumber, Shingles, Builders' .Supplies, etc. 

— The residents of this country are an eminently 

practical p ople, and ii is largely to this practicability 

that the wonderful development of the country must 

be attributed. One of the best evidences of this 

practicability is found in that subdi\ision of the 

trades that divides each portion into specialties, thus 

enab ing greater proficiency to be gained in the 

manufacture of a given article, and to be produced at 

a less cost than where every branch of the business is 

conducted under one roof, by one The force 

of thi;s<' remarks will be seen by every one experienced 

in the building trade as applied to that line, for no 

one will deny but that we have houses and Ijuililings 

ol better appearance, and belter adapted to our wants, 

since the planing mill has been in operation than 

when every part of the erection was the work of the 

carpenter having the job in charge. Even of late 

years the work of the planing mill has come to be 

divided into departments, and that improvement has 

been made in the special articles produced is pretty 

generally conceded. The Dickson Company of this 

town proves an excL-iicnt illustration of these rem.irks, 

one portion of the business they now conduct is for 

the inanuliicture of builders' supplies in the line of 

sawn lumber and shingles. The perfection to which 

they have brought the manufacture of these articles, 

coupled with the greatly reduced amount of their 

cost, has created a demand for their products, which 

keeps ttieir factories running to their fullest capacity. 

rheir custom saw mill, 100x70 feet in size, is fitted 

up with every facility and modern appliance for the 

efficient prosecution of this business ; they saw 

lumber 60 feet long and any thickness, and prepare 

all kinds of timber for b .ildings, ana do a large trade 

in shingles and other building material. The motive 

force !s obtained by an ample water supply, while 

employment is given to a large number of hands. 

' The trade of this Company extends all through this 

: section, reaching as far as Toronto and \Vaubaushene. 

I The products ol this establishment stand high in the 

' tstimition of the trade, due to the excellence of the 

I workmanship an<l the promptitude with which orders 

! are executed. The Dickson Company is a most 

! important and influential organization in this locality, 

! owning a lirge number of industrial enterprises in 

j the shape of mills of all kinds along the Otonabee 

I River, and which are leased to different parties. The 

I founder of this Company was Mr. .Samuel Dickson, 

I who forty five years :igo conducted this business as an 

individual enterpri>e. This Company as at present 

constituted con-isis of Mr. George A. Cox, who was 

born near Col borne 47 years ago ; Mr. T. G. Hazlitt, 

who was horn in Armagh, in the Province of Ulster, 

freland, 57 years ngo ; Mr. Richard Hall, born near 

Peterboro' 42 years ago; Mr. William Davidson, 

born in this town 45 years ago, and Mr. William 

Walsh, born in Cavan, Ontario, 41 years ago. These 



gentlemen are well known as enlerpiising l)u-iness 
men and piiiilie spirited citizens, anil the -.tandint; of 
their Company in I hi: commercial world is such as to 
especially commend it to the trade and genera' 
public. The Dickson Comp.iny also operate a gang 
mill, where they manufaclin-L- lumber for the Ameiican 
market, their trade being chietly ronlined lo Albany, 
Troy, Koston and New \'oik : in this connection a 
large business is done, and a large amount of labor 
employed. The machinery used is most coin|)lete, 
and includes four gales, two gings, and two blabbers, 
circular saw, trimmers, planers and cross cuts ; in 
short, every facility is employed for theefiicient juoduc- 
tion of the beil kind of work. Another industry 
operated by this Company is a circular saw mill, which 
was formerly run by Mr. James '/.. Rogers, but which 
was purchased by this Company two years ago ; the 
mill is a two-st ly structure, 75x60 feet in dimensions, 
and is fully tcpiipped with all necessaries for the 
business. The importance of the operations of this 
Company cannot be overestimated in this neighbor- 
hood, while liy a liberal employment of labor they 
contribute in no small degree to the industrial thrift 
of this locality ; their products help to spread 
abroad the importance of I'eterboro' as a central 
point of onimerce and manufacture. The Company 
own ^ of a mile of water frontage on each side of 
the Otonabee River within the city limits, which they 
have laid out in sites, and upon which they propose to 
erect mills or factories and lease the water power, which 
is excellent and unfailing, to those so desiring, on the 
most reasonable terms. The river is blocked liy three 
dams and has a fall of 7 feet, 13 feet and 25 feet, 
respectively, which produces a large amount of effect- 
ive power. The Company light their mills, grounds 
and ofhcts with electric light, and have complete 
telephone communication. The following concerns 
are already located upon the Company's grounds 
and are using the water in operating their machinery ; 
Messrs. Kincaid & McWilliams, planing mill and 
carpenter >hop ; Forsyth, fanners' implements ; Mel- 
drum iS; David-on, roller mi'Is ; Lindsay & Seldon, 
cabinet factory; lirodie's woollen mills; Wilson's 
woollen mills ; Faint & Doxee, mattress nianufac- 
'.urers; l\ichard Mowry, agricultural works; Otonabee 
Roller Mills; M. McFaddeii, cabinet shop; Wm. 
Wand, planing mill ; Stephenson's canoe factory, and 
the I'eterboro' Fiectric Light Company. The later 
company is a very valuable addition to the business 
industries o( I'etirboro' and is mee;ing with much 
success. They have th° Thomp-son- Huston system, 
furnishing 100 lights, run by four dynamos, and supply- 
ing the electric light to P'eterboro' and Ashburnham 
as a general street illuminator. The electric lii^ht 
has also made its way into churches, halls, opera 
house, shops and liolels, and is very popular. 

Petorboro' Roller Mills, Meldrum & David- 
son, Proprietors. — The flour trade is confessedly one 
of the greatest factors in the astonishing development 
of the commerce of this countiy, and everything re- 
lating to it is of general interest, not only to those 
engaged in the business, but to all intelligent business 
men. The facilities of Peterboro' as a grain centre, 
together with its excellent water power, have con- 
duced to make the milling business one of the most 
important industries of the town. In this line the 
Peterboro' Roller Mills take high rank These mills 
are situated on the banks of the Otonabee River, and 
derive their power from the Dickson estate ; they 
were started a year ago under the joint proprietorship 
of Messrs. William Meldrum and William Davidson, 

who have since built up an excellent trade in conse- 
(|uenceoflhe unsurpassed quality of the llour pro- 
duced. 'l"he mill is a subitaniial structure, four 
stories in height, 40x80 feet in dimensions, and is 
(itted and ei|iiippc(l with the most imprr)ved roller 
proce>s machineiy. The business of this establish- 
ment has developed so rai)idly that the 
tiriii are obligcil to make it into a 500 
barrel per day mill. A complete set of new 
rollers of ihe m;inufacture of the Messrs. Cochrane, of 
Washington, and pnlenled, have been put in, making 
it one ol the best mills in America. These rollers 
are a new iin|)rovement, and Messis. Meldrum & 
Davidson were the tii>t to take ailvanlage of them 
at a very large expense. They are much superior to 
the, old roller |)rocess, inasmuch as I hey give per- 
fect granulation, rigid motion, noiseless, automatic, 
less wear and tear, immediate control of the miller, 
who can regulate them separately or together at will, 
and give a greater percentage of patent flour. The fill 
wheat Hour which the firm ship to f.urope has gained 
for itself an enviable reputation and commands a ready 
sale at outside prices. Hlmployment is given to 12 
hands, and the products of these mills find a ready 
market in all parts of the Province, while large 
(|uantities are also shipped to London and Glasgow, 
their special brands being the "Alaska" and 
" Mikado." These mills are stuate on the banks 
of the Otonabee River, from which ample water 
power is derived, and for economy in running and 
general excellence of their products they cannot be 
surpassed. This firm have recently completed an 
elevator 40x60 feet in dimensions and 60 feet high, 
which has a capacity of holding 60,000 bushels of 
grain. Of the individual members ol this firm Mr. 
.Meldrum was born near Waterloo, Ont., 37 years 
ago, while Mr. Davidson is a native of Peterboro', 
where he was born 40 years ago. These gentlemen 
are thorough practical millers and conversant with 
every detail of their business, which, due to their 
energy and entei prise, they have so materially 

Hawley Brathers, Tea N'erchants, Hunter 
Street. — There are few cominerci;d enterprises that 
add so greatly to the character of the town as the 
modern importing houses, and therefore ihose in 
Peterboro' must receive their share of attention in 
the present review. The trade in tea nas in the last 
few years grown to be one of immense impctance, 
yet of all articles thai enter into the list of our daily 
commodities for consumption, there is none so diffi- 
cult to obtain in a state of purity as that of tea. Tt e 
field of enterprise in this direction is a very large ont, 
and a critical experience is wanted to be a successful 
judge of leas, and the wants of a community have to 
be pretty well understood to be successful in blend- 
ing. These necessary attributes are, however, in a 
marked degree possessed by Afes'srs. Hawley Bros., 
who conduct a live and steadily increasing business 
in this important line. This enterprise was started 
by them nearly three years ago, and they have now 
laid the foundation of a .solid trade, a result in no 
small degree due to their own personal energy and 
business abi'ity, combined at the same time with a 
relial)le and superior quality of leas dealt in. Thesi 
teas comprise the choicest productions of China and 
! Japan, as well as the growths of the Himalayas and 
i Assam obtained straight from the native plantations, 
: and which for fragrance and general excellence can- 
; not anywhere be excelled. These leas are blended 
: and sold at popular prices in grades to suit the 

-"TVP!jipp^»|i' f 7™ """''.' " 



pockets and palnies i)f the most fastidious. The 
tirm also keep a (;enerai as>!>aiiMit uf colTce, liukinu 
pjwder, crockery anil j;lassware. The premises are 
located on Hunter Street, ami consist of a well ar- 
ranged stt)re 40x16 feet in liinieiisions, where a line 
assortment of choice teas may always he found. An 
inspection of this stock, and the manner in which 
the trade is conducted, point at once to a systent of 
Older antl method which must in the nature ot things 
result in permanent advanta^jes to ]iatiiins, the in- 
ducements olTered being dirtiiull to procure else where. 
The individual members of this tirm are Messrs. T. 
K. and T. W. llawley : both are natives of King- 
ston, the former having been bom there 25 years ago, 
and the latter 23 years since. Their jirospects are of 
the brightest kind, and ihty thoroughly deserve all 
succes.s that may attend their efforts and enter[)rise. 

ducted under the title of \'anI'Aery A: Co., is worthy 
of prominent mention, both on accoimt of the extent 
of his trade and the-atall-times reliable and superior 
(juality of the goods kept in stock. Mr. V'anl'lvery 
conducts a large business as a wholesale and retail 
dealer in groceries and provisicjiis, Hour and feed, 
seeds, water lime, etc., the trai e circulating through- 
out the town and county of IVterboro', ,Mr. Van- 
Kvery has b'.'en in his present establishment for the 
la>-l year. The premises, which are conveniently and 
centrally located on Hunter street, comi)rise a spaci- 
ous .'.iid well arranged store <)Ox2u feet in dimensions, 
where may at all times be found a full and well 
selected assortment of choice family supplies in the 
line of staple groceries and |)rovisions, heiinetically 
sealed goods in tin and glasi, the tinesi grailesof teas 
and coffees, and the usual list of grocers' sumlries, 

including a most complete lin>^ of delicacies aiui 

City Hotel, William Clancy, Proprietor, (iecrge necessities belonging to this trade. The best grades 

Street. — In the matter of hotels and accommodation of family and bakers' (lour is kept, as well as all 

for the travelling public, I'elerboro' is well |)r(jvided. kinds ol mill feed. An extensive trade is done in 

Not so much with that class of hotels which give hay and oats, Mr. VanlCvery having three sheds, 

more attention to external attractions than to the each 1 5x20 feet in dii.;i;nsions, where a stock of hay 

solid comforts, but rather with a class of houses is always on hand. Iv.ery facility is enjoyed for ob- 

which subordinate fancy disjjlay to the more ilesir- taining the best, purest and freshest of supplies, and 

able home comforts, which are so acceptable to the in all departments the enterprising proprietor of this 

smoke-stained anil dust-covered touri-.t or traveller, establishment aims at jireserving the highest pos- 

whether he be on business or pleasure intent, sible standard. Employment is given to three assist- 

Among the really excellent an.l homelike hostelries ants, and a horse and waagon is kept constantly busy 

of this city may bi noted the |)opular and widely- delivering goods. Mr. V'anKvery is a native of 

known City Hotel, on (ieorge Street. I'his house Went worth county, and sinci his rei^idence in Peter- 

was established by Messrs. I)olan it IJanks in Janu- 
ary, 1881, and in November, 1S82, passed into the 
hands of its present proprietor, Mr. \Villiam Clancy, 
under whose able management the hotel has gaineci 

ijoro has gained an excellent business and social 
status in the community, anil is prompt and reliable 
in all his transactions. Mr. X'anEvery is largely in- 
terested in other enterprises in this ciiv, and without 

a wide reputation and is now a favorite resort for the enumerating them in detail we might mention that 
travelling public, to say noihing of home su])port. he has a large interest in the "(iolden Lion" dry 

The building is a substantial brick structure, three 
stories in height, and contains some 35 bedrooms, 
large, light, well ventilated and finely furnished, and 
which are rendereil as comfortable and invitirg as 
careful effort and constant attention can possibly 
make them. The dining room has a seating capacity 
for a large number of guests, and the culinary depart 

goods s'.ore situated on George .Street. 

W. H> Hill, (General Insurance Agent. Water 
Street. — The life insurance system has been for many 
years a positive force in the progress of modern 
civilization and the accumulation of national wealth. 
It has been an important factor in the education of 
ment is "under the charge of experienced assistants, every community, which it has influenced in habits 
and the table is supplied with ihe best of everything of economy and prudence. Ins ranee fire 
in season. All modern conv!»->ience.s are at hand, and the protection of property is another prominent 
and the chnrges are moi .iC. The cellar con- feature of commercial enterprise, and is one which no 

tains a fine stock of imported and domestic wines and prudent business man neglects. The insurance in- 
licjuors, and every attention is paid to guests. Mr. terests of the residents of Peterboro' in this vicinity, 
Clancy was born in the township of Cavan, Durham both tire and life, are well represented by Mr. W. H. 
county, in .September, 1853, but has lived in Peter- Hill, whose oftke is on Water Street, and who has a 
boro' all his life. He makes a most popular and thorough practical experience of all the details of 
genial host, and is well known to the travelling 1 insurance, and who has established an extensive 
public. He served for three years in the Peterboro' connection of a strictly fir.-l class character. Mr. 
cavalry, but returned 12 years ago. He is an ardent Hill represents some of the most solid and substan- 
admirer of horses, of which he is a practical judge, tial insurance companies in the world, amongst 

insurance companies in the 
which may be mentioned the (Glasgow and London, 
the Norwich Union, established 1797, with a capital 
of $5,500,000 ; the Imperial, of London, founded 
1803, with a capital of $7,786,666. and as.sets close 
on $9,000,000 ; the Queen Insurance Company — 
fire and life — of Liverpool and London, with a 

and is owner of " Royal Jim," the celebrated trotter, 
that has won prizes all through Canada. 

"CltyDspeV Hunter Street. VanEvcry& Co., 
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Groceries and Pro- 
visions, Flour and Feed, Seeds, Water Lime, etc., 

etc.— In the general development of trade which the capital of ;,^2,ooo,ooo sterling ; the Mercantile 
last half century has witnessed, there is no branch in i Fire, with head office at Waterloo, Ont., hav- 
which a more material growth has been apparent ! ing an authorized capital ~A $500,000 ; the North- 
than in that of groceries This trade is a most im- em Insurance Company— fire and life— with a 
portant one, and in its comprehensive nature includes capital of $15,000,000 ; THE SUN LIFE ASSUR- 
the products of every country on the face of the civil- ANCE COMPANY OF CANADA, with assets of 
ized globe. Amongst the grocery establishments of $1,573,027. The Ce.^tral Agency of the Sun Life 
Peterboro' which are entitled to rank as leading and Assurance Company of Canada includes Peterboro', 
representative ones, that of Mr. W. VanEvery, con- Victoria, Haliburton, Northumberland and Durham. 

, 1 
! > 



iais-Swt^ 'Sjtilii*; 

> J. 



A stnff of six competent assistants are employed 
Its total insurances in force at pri'sent nreovcr $12,- | 
CKX),o&o. Its popular Non-conditional Lift I' 
and the lihcraliiy willi which it setihs hi;iliniate; 
claims, makes it one of the mo^t popular ol similar : 
in>iituii.ins in Ifntish Nuth America. 'I'liis curnor- 
ation also executes nolicies ayainsi accident, 
Mr. Hill, in additio' , represini.s tlie Hand- 
in-Hand I'laie (ilass In-urance (Ompany, and 
the Canada Permanent Loan and Sa\ ii i;s Com- 
pany. The above i isliimions are all widtly 
known, an<l the joint capital represented hy 
them amounts to the larjje sum of $5^,000,000. Mr. 
Hid is a native of the Province of (^uthec, and en- 
joys the highest repuaiion for sound iiusiness prin- i 
ciples, strictly honorahle dealinps, and full ability to 
carry out any undertaking in which he may engage 
He holds the con mis.-ion of lieutenam in the I'eter j 
boro' Kangers, and is popular in all circles. 

Mr«. R. Walnwright, Hair Coods, (George 
Street. — Amon-; all the businest industries conducted 
in any community, t' .'re are none of more importance 
to the ladies than th ,se which deal in hair goods. It 
is said that a cjood head of hair is a woman's crown o( 
glory, so tha those who have not the natural, seek 
the artificial. Prominent among those ergageil in 
the hair busin ss in Peterboro' is Mrs. K. Waln- 
wright, whose store is located in tiie Post OfTice 
Block, George Street, Peterboro'. .Mrs. Wain- 
Wright is sole agent for Prof. Dorenweiid's celebrateil 
hair goods, comprising reversible bangs, V'um 
7um bangs, Parisian bangs, water waves, 
braids and switches, etc., etc. Mrs. Wainwright 
keeps on hand children's clothes, little girls' dresses, 
pinafores, little boys' clothe-;, ladies' and children's 
underwear, infants' robes and wrappers, and other ar- 
ticles of a similar nature. Mrs. Wainwright gives 
employment to' 7 competent assistants throughout the 
year in the manufacture of hair gods, children's 
clothing and dressmaking. Mrs Wainwright is a lady 
of marked business ability, and thoroughly under 
standing the wants of the public is ready at all times 
to meet their demands. 

John MoKa«, Chcnnst and Druggist, George 
Street, — There is no branch of business of such daily 
necessity and importance as that of the chemist and 
druggist, and the significance of the prii'e-sion can- 
not be over estimated. The druggist is the ab e 
assistant of the physician, and his ski 1 renders the 
medical profession, in a great measure, efficient. A 
veiy old e-tablished and thoroughly reliable drug 
establishment is that of Mr. John McKee. of (ieorge 
Street. This business was establishtd by Mr. A. \V 
Kempt in 1850, and at his death, some ten years ago, 
it was for tw:> year> managed by Mr. McKee for '' . 
benefit of the widow, at the end of which tir.:c .hat 
gentleman bought out the intertst and good-will of 
the bu-iness. .Since its inception, during its long 
existence of thirty seven years, it has ever maintained 
a high reputation as a leading drug store, and under 
the able administration of Mr. McKee this pref.tige 
has been fully susiained. The premises utilized for 
this business comprise two spacious flats, 90x18 feet 
in dimensions, the first being devoted to the store and 
laboratory, while the second serves for manufacturing 
and storage purposes, four experiennedassis'antsbeing 
employed. The stock carried, which is of a most 
comprehensive nature, comprises a full line of pure, 
fresh drugs and chemica's, pop\ilar and desirable 
patent medicines, toilet articles, perfumery, physicians' 

supplies, mineral waters and the usual variety of 
druggists' sunilries as fiuiid in all first -class esiablish- 
inenis of this kind. A specially is made of physicians* 
prescriptions and family recipes, which are com- 
pounded under the personal supervision of Mr. 
.McKee, with reliability, accuracy and di>p.iich, in the 
higlK'st standard of professional skill. Amongst the 
inanufaclun deompounds put up at this esiablishment 
due iiU'iition must be inaile of the celebrated Ontario 
(.lougli keiiiedy, soda water extracts, coffee ex;ract 
and oiher well-known specific preparations. .Mr. 
McKee was born in Wellesley township, in the 
county of Waterloo, August Olh, 1851, and came to 
l'eterl)oro' in the beginning of 1879; he is a 
gentleman of high professional ability, possessing a 
thorough pharmaceutical knowledge, and by his 
energy and skill has develope<l a business, the 'Mns- 
nctions of which eijual that of any establishment in 
Eastern Ontario. 

Robart Walnrlght, Wholesale and Retail 
HutLh^' and Ice Dealer.— In common with all ihose 
followini ifie same vocation as he does, Mr. Wain- 
right nt dou'-'l is fullv convinced that ox n and sheep, 
together with .he other living things usually killed for 
man's food, were provided by an all-wise Creator for 
that purpose. At any rate, hi has the majority of the 
population with him in that faith. A glance at his 
store when benches and blocks are laden with prime 
cuts and other toothsome morsels, is enough to con- 
vert a vegetarian ; and when, on a busy day, the pro- 
prietor and his seven hands arc kept on the gui vive 
selecting and cutting and weighing the various 
meats, the sight is a cheering one to all who like to see 
a brisk business well run. In addition to fresh meals, 
Mr. Wainright prieles himself upon keeping a gootl 
stock of bacon, hams, all kinds of sausages, head 
cheese, and other fancy meats, also keeps fish of all 
kinds. He furthermore supplies the town and neigh- 
borhood with ice, which he keeps in A.shburnham. A 
trade so extensive naturally calls lor aderpiate means 
ol distritnition, in this case supplied by nine horses. 
To meet the demand for saus.iges, a six horse-power 
machine is employed. Boiled pig feed and feed for 
stock is also kept on hand by this enterprising Peter- 
boro' business man, who was born in Toronto forty- 
five years ago, but who has conducted his present 
business for eighteen years past. 

William MoFaddan, Photographer, George 
Street. — In the general development of commerce 
and in the advance of science, no more marked im- 
provement in any line has been made than in the art 
o'' photography. To produce satisfactory and pleas- 
ing piciures requires skill, refined taste and apprecia- 
■ .on of the laws of light and shade, an expensive out- 
fit iind a well appo nted studio. All these require- 
ments are to be found at the e.-^tablishment ol Mr. 
William McKadden, the popular phologra|)her of 
Peterboro', who is pronounced by all who jiatronizS 
him to be one of the most eminent and successful ex- 
ponents of the science of photography. He possesses 
a thorough mastery of the different meth' 's and the 
recent improvements in the art, and ha> ing a most 
complete studio, he is enabled to produce the best of 
likenesses, showing harmony in their composition and 
truth in their outlines. In makii g pictures he omits 
nothing, not even the most trifling deihil, and thus 
the result is a likeness of great artistic excellence. 
This studio is divided into eight separate depart- 
ments, allotted as follows : The operating room, 
40x19 feet; drafting room, 30x20 feet; dressing 


'i .1 


room, I2xi6 lect ; piiiitinj; rocuii, 12x20 ffel ; dntk 
room, I()x20 ffet ; lu-jjaiivc riKiiii, 8mo k'ti ; silver 
room, 8x10 ffft ; and a iiackiii^ rooin, 20x10 feci. 
It will ihus lie seen thai Mr McKailden has \iii>iir 
l)as-.f(l facilities for the»iit |ir<iseculion ol this 
pursuit. It is ot an i-asy niatitr to ^ive a picture a 
nu)re jjleasing ex|)ressii)n than the original ; it can he 
done, th()U|;h, hy tirstrlass artists, and it is heinu 
daily accomplisheil hy Mr. McKaddrii. A visit to 
his studio will satisfy any one who has taste to per- 
ceive the hcautifid in art and nature, that the ori- 
ginals, while perfectly natural, are improved in his 
tr\ie-to-nalure pictures.. All sizes of i)lioi<)}jraphs are 
taken in every style, while a specialty is made ol 
family groups antf children. I'ictur^., are also en- 
larged and finished in crayon, India ink or water 
colors. Mr. Mcl-'adden was horn at Inkernian, 
Canada VVe8t, in 1846 ; he is a natural and cultivated 
artist, and has estahli>hed a business in I'eterboio' 
second to none in its line, and of which he may feel 
a justifiable pride. 

lloll«rt Blekl*, Cheese Box Manufacturer, 
Otonabec River. — In reviewing the various resources 
and manufacturing pursuits of this countiy, it will be 
found that cheese occupies a prominent position as a 
.staple article of food, and forms a by no means un- 
important factor in the list of our exports, large 
quantities of this commodity being annually shipped 
to the Old Country. The making of cheese is one of 
the thriving industries of the Miuland counties, and 
as a result a held of enterprise is opened up for the 
manufacture of boxes specially designed for the 
packing of cheese. Alive to this necessity, Mr. 
Robert Dickie has just opened up a business specially 
devoted to this pursuit, for which purpose he occu- 
pies a conveniently arranged factory, 25x35 feet in 
dimensions, which is fully equipped and provided 
with every accessory for turning out cheese boxes, 
such as shall in every way be satisfactory, both for 
the purpos'S for which they are intended, as well as 
for moderation in prices. Mr. Bickle has every 
facility for the prompt fulfilment of the largest orders, 
and those interested in the making of cheese cannot 
do better than e-tablish business relations with him 
for the securing of cheese boxes. Though bit 
recently established he has yet met with a most saii,;- 
factory trade, which time must materially develop, 
and gives employment to some five or six h.Tnos. 
Mr. IJickle is a native of England, but for several 
years has lived in Canada, coming to Peterboro' in 
order to start his present business, in which he well 
deserves all success. 

Brodi* Woollan Mills, A. W. Brodie & Co., 

Otonnbee River. — Wool enter.s into the composition 
of so many artichs of necessity in our daily life, thai 
it forms an essential and important feature of our 
commercial pursuits, and in no direction is the t-xcel- 
lent power of the Otonabee River uiili/td to betttr 
efftct than in the running of the Brodie Woollen 
Mills, which constitute one of the chief manufacturii g 
in lustries of Peterboro', and which, since ihi ir incep- 
tion, have exerci ed a beneficial influence on the town, 
and have served to spread abroad th'- fame of Peter- 
boro' as an important manufacturing centr. . The 
ground occupied for this pursuit covers an acre of 
ground, on which is erec'ed a three-set mill of four 
stories in height, 100x56 feet in dimensions, with a 
sorting room, 40x60 feet in size, with another building, 
30x60 feet, u<ed as a dyeing house. The mills are 
fully equipped with all modern machinery and appli- 

ances necessary fur thi" prosecution of this business, 
while the pro<lucts of the lioust* have a standard 
rcputatiiin in tin- market, and tiiid a ready sale in all 
parts of till- Dominion, the chief centres ol trade 
licuig Montreal ami Toronto. .So great is the demand 
for llicir goods that these mills are Kt|>l running; iii^;ht 
and ilay, wal' r, secured by lease f^r 
son estate, supi lying the 

uianiifaciure (lanne's, etc , all of which are produced 
ill the highest standard of manufacturing; art. Pro- 
viding eni])loyniciit for from 75 to 100 hands, this 
conci rii exercises a beneticial innumce on the indus- 
tiial thrift of Peterboro', while at the same tiiiie, in 
supplying a superior class of manufactiiu'd goods, it 
has cont'ibuled its (juota towords spreading the fame 
ot the town abroad. 

oin the |)ick- 
nioiive power. They 

JiDaTully, Pharmacist, (Jeorge Street.- Among 
the leading pliarniacies of Peterboro', none have 
higlitr claims to excellence in every particular than 
that of Mr.j. I). 'I'ully, whose elegant store is located 
on ( 'eorge Street. Mr Tully establislud his business 
in January, 187 1, when he was but 20 years of age. 
The premises occupied by the business are 20 x 60 
feet in dimensions, with a dispensary in rear, making 
an entire depth of 100 feet. The store is elegantly 
fitted up in el>ibjrale walnut fittings and cabinets 
and plate-glass show cases for the advantageous 
display of the handsonie stock carried, consisting of 
I fresh and pure drugs and chimicals, fancy and 
toilet articles, imp(jrted and domestic perfumes, 
s )aps, etc.; also proprietary medicines of ac- 
knowledged merit and standard reputation, and all 
1 those articles used by physicians in their practice. A 
! specialty is made in the compounding of physicians' 
[ presciiplions and difficult formulx. The store is 
[ well linhted by electricity, and the dispensary, which 
is one of the finest in the town, by gas. This store is 
the cynosure of all tyes frsni its handsome fittings 
and elaborate display. Mr. Tully has been a resident 
of I'elerboro' from earliest infancy, and is most thor- 
oughly identified with all the best interests of the 
town. Mr. Tully is the compounder of the following 
specialties ol his own : Dandelion Bitters, Chemical 
Hail iJrower, (Janadian Cough Remedy, American 
Iljrse Powder, etc., etc. Thi-i is one of the best 
houses in the city with which to do business, and the 
utmost satisfaction is guaranteed in all cases. 

Oeo. W. Rubldge, Dealer in Fine Cigars, 
Smoking and (hewing Tobuccos, George Street. — 
Few d scoveries have contributed so universal a com- 
foit to mankind as has the smoking of tobacco, and 
in dealing with the cominercial pursuits and industries 
of our country, that of tobacco marks a most im- 
|)ortant item in the constitution of our mercaniile 
fabric, and the trade in (Canada is an espi cially well 
developed one. Annual statistics show the marked 
increase in the consumption of the favored w i. 
In Peterboro' this business is well represeftted 1, 
gentleman whose family name is forever interwover,- 
with the early history of the place— Mr. George W. 
Rul'i''ge. The grandfather of this gentleman, who 
was a commander in the Royal Navy, settled in Peter- 
lioro' many years ago, and gave his name to the street 
known as Rubidge Street. Me held the position of 
Registrar of the county, and materially assisted in 
settling and developing this division ol thf- Province 
of Ontario. The business now controlled by his 
grandson is an old e-tabli-hed one, dating its incep- 
tion back to the year 1868, when it was founded by 
Mr. T. J. Winship, who 14 years ago was succeeded 




TOWN or I'l; rKiiitouo' 

liy ilif prc!sent propriijlor. The premises occiipifil, 
ceniriilly Idcitcd on (Jeorne Slrert, coiiiprisc a very 
neatly :\iran^;<'il store 50x15 feet in <limen->ions, whicli 
is a(lniiral)ly atliiplcd lor the pr )Mf('Uiion of this 
l)Usinfss. I'ho slock carrieil is a full and complete 
one, and coniprisrs a line line of the choicesl and 
lust hr.inils of ci),'ars which liave niet with the ap 
pidval of smokers in all parts, and which for cpiality 
and flavor it wnuhl lie impossiMe to beat ; also 
tf)l)accos, plu^;. smoking; and chewini;, such as must 
meet the tastes of the most fastidious, and which ;ire 
liiiectly imported by Mr. Kubid^e, who in this l)usi- 
ness has had a wide experience, and who is an ack- 
nowled(^ed judfje of the (|'ialilies of cigars antl 
tobaccos. A tine assortment of briar and meer- 
xchaum pipes is also handled, as well as snuli and all 
kimls of smokers' siipplit.'s, selected wilh more than 
ordinary care and discrimination. Mr. Rubidgc was 
horn in I'eterborout;h county in 1852, and is a 
fjentleman popular and esteemed by all wiio know 
him ; he enjoys a wide trade connection and his busi- 
ness is of a steadily progressive natu e. 

il> H. Ames, Manufacturer an<l Dealer in Moots 
anil Shoes, Rubber (!oo<ls, etc., (jeorjje .Street. — 
The manufacture of leather into articles ol general 
necessity and utility constitutes an important laclor in 
dealing with the industrial resources and pursuits of a 
counliy, and in no branch is this more marked than 
in that of boots and shoes. An old established and 
reliable house engaged in this pursuit is that of .Mr. I. 
H. Ames, who for a long number of years has beer, 
prominemly identified with this business. Mr. Ames 
occupies spacious premises on George Street, com- 
prising a store 60x17 '^'-''-'t in dimensions, admirably 
adapleil to the pur|«)ses of this busines.s, employment 
being given to four experienced assistants. This busi- 
ness was founded by Mr. Ames nineteen years ago, 
and since its inception ai that period, \<. has always 
enjoyed the fullest confidence of the public, and by 
energy and perseverance the proprietor has succeeiled 
in building up a substantial and |iermanent trade. 
Mr. Ames manufactures aiul deals in all kinds, styles 
and grades of boots, shoes, and slippers for ladies', 
gentlemen's, misses', youths' and chiUlren's wear, em- 
bracing everything from the coarsest and heaviest 
goods to the rinest lines of ladies' goods, and line 
custom work. A specialty is made ot boots and shoes 
to order; these are manufactured in the highest degree 
of art known to the trade, none but the very best of 
material is used, and their productions in this line can, 
for perfection of fit, of execution, durability 
and general excellence, compare with those of any 
similar house in the I'rovince. The trade done by 
M r. Ames is a widely extended one, circulating through 
the town and surrounding country. Mr. Amts was 
born in Krome, , Somersetshire, England, and came to 
this country in 1832; before settling' in I'eterboro' he 
was a resident for thirteen years in Oshawa, where he 
gained a knowledge in his present business. He is 
regarded as a thoroughly reliable business man, and 
is esteemed and respected in all circles. 

Stcnson Brothers, Manufacturers of and Deal 
ers in Hoots and Shoes, George .Street. — There is no 
article of our necessary attire on which we are so de- 
pendent for our personal comfort as on that of boots 
and shoes, nor is there any branch of trade of a greater 
importance and significance. It is hence essential 
that those engag . in this pursuit should be men of 
experience and practical ability. One of the oldest 

established boot and .shoe buMincsses in I'eterboro' 
is 1h.1t of Messrs. .Stenson Hros., wtdch was established 
forty live years ago by .Mr. K. Stensoii, and was sue 
cee<ied by his son James T , who in ,\pril of the pre- 
sent rttircil in favor of his sons, .Messrs. K.J. 
and I'red .Stenson ^incc its foundation and during 
the long period of its existence this house has ever 
maintained a high reputation for the reliable ijuality 
of its goods, which comprise all styles and grades of 
the lincst boots and slioes lor ladies, gentlemen, 
youths, misses and children, which can with every 
di gree of confidence bo honestly rt commended to 
customer'!. The premises occupied comprise three 
spacious flats, each Ick)x2(j feet in diin'jnsions, the 
first of which is devoted to the purposis of a store, 
while the secon<l is used as a workshop and the third 
as a storeroom. A siaffof practical and experienced 
assistants is employed and a sjucialiy is made of 
custom woik, in which none but the best of materials 
is used, while first class workmanship is a lead- 
ing chaiacterisiic. The pro(luciir)ns of this firm can 
comp.ire most favorably with those of any similar 
house in neatness, durability ami general excellence, 
while a comfortable lit is in all cases guaranteed. 
The sales-shop is one of the lines! of its kind to be 
found in the district and lately has been repainted, 
retloored and |)a|)ered, making it present a very 
handsome appearance, lioth memliers of this firm 
are natives of I'eterboro" and are regaided as young 
men of business ability and enterprise, who are doing 
their full share towards ujaintaining the reputation of 
this lown as a wide-awake, pushing and progressive 

O. F. Ward*, George Street, north Post Office.— 
We have no difficulty in placing Mr. Warde as one of 
I'eterboro's representative men. He does not hesi- 
tate to admit that h s present extensive business was 
developed from small beginnings, though he would 
be a bold man who ventifecl *o prophesy a limit to 
its possibilities. Mr. Warde was born in Rochester, 
N.V.,was briuight up in I'orlsmoMih, Kngland. anci 
has been a resident ot this country for 15 years. Two 
years ago he opened the premises on (ieorge .Street 
as a Hour and feed store, his capital at the time being 
only moderate. Twelve months after he added the 
selling of groceries, vegetables and fruit, and so 
rapidly has he built up a good connection that to-day 
he gives employment to live bands, a horse and a 
wag,»on. His goods are distributed throughout the 
surrounding country, and are collected from a still 
wider area. For example, he brings in flour from 
Lakefield and fruit from Rochester. The store 
measures 30x50 feet, with warehouse in the rear. 
Upstairs is a storeroom 30x50 feet. A yard, measu- 
ring 30x70 feet, is used as a warehouse for hay and 
all kinds of grain, whilst conveniently situatul is a 
hay-pressing machine. Altogether, Mr. Warde has 
just reason to be proud of his well-appointed and 
Dusiness-like establishment. It is just >uch enter- 
p:ises which build up a solid town, and demonstrate 
to new-comers or outsiders that it is the right place in 
which to locate for business purposes. In the short 
space of two years this gentleman has built up a 
business, embracing the extensive sale of groceries, 
flour and feed, vegetables, fruit, canned goods, teas. 
cofTef":, butter, bread, eggs, pickles and general 
provisions. His success is not personal alone ; whilst 
keeping himself he has helped the town he lives in, 
and to tha' extent, if not in any other re.spect, he his 
earned the gratitude and respect of all good I'eter- 
borians. < 



Haitry Sh«ppard, Dry Goods, Hats, Caps, 
Clothing, etc., Arcade Building. -The dry goods 
trade is confessedly one of ihe greatest factors in the 
commercial pursuits of this country ; the largest of 
our business structures are devoted to its interests, 
i.nd our most prominent merchants find a remunera- 
tive employment in its pursuits. One of the leading 
anil best retail dry goods establishments in this 
section of the I'rovince is that over which Mr. 
Henry Sheppard ]iresides. Though iiut recently 
established in I'eterboro', this business having been 
started in the present year, Mr. Shejjpard is yet 
well-known in connection with the dry goods 
business, having conducted a successful one at 
.\urora for two years prior to locating here. Mr. 
Sheppard all the aptitude and executive 
business ability for a successful mercantile career, 
while his experience in the dry goods line was 
gained at such well-known establishments as 
Messrs. T. Eaton & Co., R. .Simpson iS; Co., and 
Samson, Kennedy & Co., whose business head- 
<Hiarters are all located in Toronto. The premises 
occupied by Mt. Sheppard are situate in the Arcade 
liuilding, and compri>e two spacious stores, each 
!Sox22 feet in dimensions, with basements. The 
store is well lighted, neatly and tastefully arranged 
with every convenience for the handling and display 
of goods, and for the accommodation of customers, 
both sides of the counters being lined with plush 
covered seats, the ceilings richly ornamented ; in 

short, the whole fitted up in a style that reflects the 
greatest credit upon the enterprising ])roprietor. 
The heavy stock carried includes a complete line of 
the multitudinous list of articles essential to a well 
regulated and first-class dry goods house. This 
stock is too comprehensive and varied to be mention- 
ed in detail, but consists of every description of 
foreign and domestic staple and fancy dry goods, 
and all the new fashions and styles in dress goods 
are to be found here, together with trimmings, 
white goods, shawls, cloaks, silks and laces, gloves 
and underwear, and all goods belonging to this line 
of trade, the general assortment including every 
thing new, stylish and fashionable. Mr. Sheppard 
is ever on the alert for the latest and most desirable 
novelties, purchasing directly from manufacturers 
and first hands. The facilities of this house are not 
excelled by any similar establishments, while for 
the general excellence of its goO(ls and the extremely 
moderate prices asked, this establishment cannot be 
beaten by any contemporary. All goods are 
arranged in appropriate departments, and are under 
charge of experienced salespeople, who are always 
prepared to give prompt, polite, careful and expe- 
ditious attention to customers. An especial feature 
of this business is its clothing department, which 
comprises fine serge and worsted suits for men and 
boys, made up in first rate style, and sold at prices 
impossible to under.sell. Mr. Sheppard makes it a 
special point to charge no fancy prices for goods, 




but U) ni.irk evi-rythiin{ ai low a» can lie coniiHtently 
done Willi a livini; liiiHiiii'Hs. Mr. Shc|i|)ftrii wax 
horn at St. John's, Newfoutxllancl, May, iS4(j, and 
went to Toronlii in 1S72 ; he coniincncfii husines* in 
Aurora in 18K5, ami rcnioveil to I'ctcrhoru' in the 
beginning ol this year, svhtre he '.as laid the 
tion of a business which now bids fair to exceed 
$50,000 a yt'ar. While in Toronto he was an 
esteemed nicMd)er of the UrocKton ('ouncil, now .St. 
Mark's Ward, Toronto, rcpresentinj; that division in 

1883-4. He i'. an owner of considerable real estate 
in Toronto, and is a fjentleman of wide and practical 
experience, of strict integrity, while his ])roininenl 
establishment (^ives 'every evidence of a ])rosperous 
and protjressive future. I''roin the Amoia /tofi-a/is, 
March 28th, 18S7 : "On Wednesday evening; last a 
few of Mr. Sheppanl's most intimate friends and ad- 
mirers invited iiim to a sleigh ibive and a supper 
pievious to his departure for I'eterboro'. Arriving 
at the 'Oak Ridge' hotel a iKjunteous supper was 
found prepared by mine host Curtis. Soon all were 
gathered around the festive board, where joyous 
hilarity, g(jod feeling and oysters ran riot. After 
ample justice had l)een done to the good things pre- 
pared, an adjournment was made to the silling room, 
where songs, speeches and slory-telling whiled away 
a couple of ))leasant hours. To the toast of our host, 
Mr. Sheppard responded in a very elo(|uent manner, 
referring to the many ups and downs of his mercan- 
tile life, to the pleasant associations and sincere 
friends he had found since conung here, and his 
regret at leaving such pleasant scenes. The 
jiarty broke up about midnight \ith 'He's a jolly 
good fellow' and '(jod Save the Tueen.' Now that 
Mr. Sheppard has left town, nothing but general re- 
gret is heard. He was essentially by the people and 
with the people for cheap goods. We trust his lines 
among the good people of I'eterboro' have been cast 
in i)leasant places, and that ht may go on and 
prosper in his new home," 

«|. il. Turnsr'a Sail, Tent and Awnini^ Factory, 
i'he nianuf.K lure of sails, Icntx ami awnln^l« Con 
Htituirs a very iin|)ortanl (eaturc of (onimercial pur- 
suit, such pKiducIs entering into llic re- 
ipiirementi of so many branches of daily 
cnlirprise. In this line .Mr. J. J. Turner gained a wide reputation, nml hix 
gooilshai'ea slandmd repuluiion in all 
parts of the |)ominion. He has had a 
long experience in the business, having 
conducted a similar evtablishment al I'ort 
Hope for a period of 12 years, orior to 
locating here a year ago. Mr. I'urner has ample facili- 
ties for the inanufaciurc of awnings, tents, (lags, ham- 
mocks, canvas and black-painted liorse, carl and truck 
covers, and other Npccialtics in thi» line. The very 

best materials only are used, and the workmanship 
is unexcelled for durability and linish. Mr. Turner 
gives his personal supervision to all work, and being 
prompt and reliable in all transactions he always 
gives satisfaction, and is highly endorsed by those 
who have made use of his jiroducts. Mr. Turner 
was born in London, i'lngland, J7 years ago, and 
came to Canada in 1863, locating at once in I'ort 
Hope, which place he left in order to establi.^h his 
present business in I'eterboro'. He is a gentleman of 
practical experience, and is widely recognized as an 
energetic and straightforward man of business, who 
well deserves the success that has attended his well- 
directed edorts. 

tlOhn Armstrons, Harness Maker, etc., Simcoe 
Street. The manufacture of leather into articles of 
practical utility opens up a very wide and imi)ortaiit 
field of enterprise, in which that of harness ])lays a 
prijminent part. One if the (inest eslablishments 
devoted 10 the sale of horse goods in this section is 
that of Mr. John Armstrong, who occupies admirable 
premises on Sinicoe Street. The store is a handsome 
and well appointed one, 60x20 feet in dimensions, 
where a complete slock is carried, which in its selec- 
tion shows experience and discrimination. It con- 
sist? of all kinds and styles of line harness, saddles, 
bridles, bits, whips, robes, horse clothing, brushes, 
combs and all goods used upon or about horses or 
stables ; in fact it is totally unnecessary to particular- 
ize, as the assortment simply covers the whole range 
of goods coming under this head. The harness dis- 
played is of his own superior manufacture, in which 
nothing but the very best materials, trimmings and 
mountings are used, and nothing but the most ex- 
pert and conscientious workmansliip permitted. A 
large custom business is done in fine and heavy 
harness, re(|uiring the services of some three tirst- 
class skilled workmen. Mr. Armstrong is a 
thoroughly ])ractical man, and gives close personal 
attention to the business, supervising carefully every 
detail and rigidly inspecting all goods before leaving 


I). liL 



of ent 


















em pi 


all k 

has < 



the Mtore, (hii« keeping hii« produclionH fully up tu 
the htancianl of cxccllfnrc which he hftt eHinlilithnl 
for hitnrtelf, ami which he lirnily iniiiriinin* under all 
ciroiiniiitance*. Mr. AriiistronK iiliKMlcaN in truiikit 
nnd valisen, n varied and well Hclecled assortment 
liein^ always on hand. This gentleman is a native 
of Krockville, where he was horn S4 years a^o, and 
>incc hix eKtalilishnient in this imlusiry ei^hi years 
a|;(>, he haH tnanifestcl an ener({y, enterprise .uid 
comprchet. ive i;rasp of Imsiness that euniiot fail tu 
prove fruitful in a lucceitsfui and prosperous ImsineHu 

D> ■•llaghSIMi Manufacturer of an<' Dealer 
in Furniture of all Descriptions, Ipliolstered 
<ioo<ls, etc. Factory and Warerooms : Hunter 
Hireet. Few branches of trade have assumed in 
recent years so marked an ini|)<. lance as has that n( 
furniture in this country, and in I'eterhoro' we lind 
one of the lending and most thoroughly developed pro- 
ductive industries in the manufacture of hne furniture 

ship of the furniture turned out from this eslahllth- 

I ment. The warehioins are rcitlete with an cxteniive 

slock of parlor and chamher furniture, nofas, chairs, 

' tnhles, etc., and in fact everything thnt wdl ndd in 

aiiy manner to the elegance and comfort of home, 

ran^ini; from the cheapest and plaineitt kitchen furni- 

I ture lo the richest goods that mechanical skill can 

1 |iro<luce. All good* are niade Ironi I he most cart fidly 

{ selected and thoroughly scasntu'd nialerial, and the 

workmanship expende<l upon thiin isof the very best. 

I A tine assortment of carpels, such as tapeslry, Urus- 

I Rein and Canadian, made in ihc leading establish- 

I menis of the l)orninion, is kept on sale ami in which 

a lor^je trade is done. A special feature of this estab- 

j lishment is that all purchases in sinns over $25 are 

packed aixi delivered to destination, in any part c)f 

the Midland district, free of charge. The articles of 

furniture, etc., being manufactureil on the premises, 

are sold to customers at wholesale prices, thus saving 

I the middle man's profit. I'he trade of the house is a 

i very extensive one and it is but recently that Mr. 

and upholstery. The excellent establishment of Mr. 
I>. Helleghem,in the character of the goods produced, 
will comp.ire with the best houses in any section of 
the Dominion. This concern, which b<:ars the marks 
of enterprise and judicious management, exercises .nn 
inlUience that extends f;ir beyond the limits of I'eter- 
boro', its products being in constant demand in 
<listant parts. This house was esiablished in a small 
way by Mr. Tanner, who was succeeded eight years 
ago by the present proprietor. At once the business 
policy instituted by him, combined with a natural 
energy and enterprise, was producti\e of beneticial 
results, and an increased trade was soon established. 
The old premises, with a store 50 x 20 feet in size, 
were totally inaileqi.ate to meet the demands of his 
trade and Mr. Belleghem accordingly increased his 
ncconimodation and now occupies three spacious Hats, 
e.ich 100 X 20 feet in dimensions ; the first two are 
used as show rooms, while the third is devoted to the 
^ll>rage of unfinished work, the whole admirably 
arranged and ec|uipped with every necessary 
appliance for the prosecution of the business, 
employment being given to some twenty-six 
experienced assistants. Mr. Belleghem manufactures 
all kinds of furniture and upholstered goods, an(' he 
lias ever enjoyed a liberal and substantial patronage in 
consef[uence of the unsurpassed quality and workman- 

Belleghem completed the furnishing of the new resi- 
dence of l\ev. Dr. I'otls ai Toronto. In addition to 
furniture he also conducts a big business in the under- 
taking line, carrying out the delicate duties involved 
in the pursuit of this business in a most satisfactory 
manner. It is the intention of Mr. Belleghem in a 
short lime to considerably augment his present 
buildings and embark in supplying the wholesale 
trade. .Mr. Belleghem was born in (,)uebcc thirty- 
live years ago and came to Peterboro' when (|uite 
young, where he learned his trade and has since 
steadily resided. Of him personally it is but projier 
U) say that the s])!eiKlid establishment which he 
has built u|i is l)Ut a ixMpiel to the unusual energy and 
ability which he brought lo bear on his business. 

il. W. Flavalie, Flour, Feed, Seeds, Pres.sed 
Hay, Pork, Bacon, Mains, elc. Peterboro', .Simcoe 
Street, Wholesale and Retail ; Toronto, 76 Front 
Street Fast, Wholesale. — Prominent among the 
leading and more notab'e establishments located 
in Peterboro", there is probably none more uselul or 
more in keejiing with the needs of the vicinity than 
the hay, Hour and feed house of Mr. J. W. Flavelle, 
situated on .Simcoe street. This business was estab- 
lished by the present proprietor eight years ago, during 







which period a brge and steadily increasing trade has 
been done. The premises occupied consist of a spa- 
cious double store, 80x80 feet in dimensions, with 
every possible convenience for the s'orage of goods 
and the despatch of business, the trade being both 
wholes.-.le and retail. The stock embraces tne best 
brands of flour and the choicer' grades of pressed hay, 
pork, bacon and hams, as well as pure and reliable 
strains of flour and farm seeds, the value o( a lar^;e 
experience showing plainly in the great variety and 
excellent quality of the goods selected. Mr. Flavelle 
also has a branch house at 7'> Front Street East, 
Toronto, where a large wholrsa'e business is con- 
ducted, every facility for obtaining the best of supplies 
being enjoyed ; the house receives from all parts of 
the country, and is widely known as a thoroughly 
representative one in this line. Adhering strictly to 
the principles of integrity and frugal industry, which 
have been conspicuous features of his business life, 
Mr. Flavelle has won the esteem and regard of all 
with whom he has been brought into contact, and 
relations once entered into with this house will be- 
come permanent and in all cases satisfactory. Mr. 
Flavelle was born at Toronto 32 years ago, and is a 
^'entleman of enterprising business habits, and one 
thoroughly reliable in all transactions. Mr. Flavelle 
resides at Toronto, and the management of the busi- 
ness here is under the supervision of Mr. John Strain, 
who is thoroughly well posted in all the details of the 
business, and a piactical gentleman. 

C. H. Moore ft Co., Dealers in Groceries, Pro- 
visions, etc., Elizabeth Street. — There is no branch of 
enterprise in which so many of our business men find 
active employment and in which so much capital is 
invested as in groceries, and it is marvellous to con- 
template the develojiment that has been made ir 
this pursuit. Tlio thriving village of Ashburnham 
can boast cf -several prominent establishments devoted 
to this business, amongst which that of Messrs. C. II. 
Moore & Co. takes a leading position. This house 
dates its inception back to some four years ago, 
when it was first started by Mr. Moore, who by 
energy, enterprise arfd business ability, has materially 
develo])ed ii s trade, v.hich is of a steadily increasing 
nature. The store ir. a spacious and well r.ppointe(l 
one, 60 X 20 fet in dimensions, specially arranged for 
the requirements of this business; a fine array of goods 
is tastefully displayed, consisting o*" stable and fancy 
groceries, general iirovisions, hermetically sealed 
goods o*" e. cry description in tin and glass, sugars, 
spiceb, condiments and table delicaces, wit) a full 
line of the u>>ual grocer's suiKhies as carried in a first 
class store of this kind. Of all articles that enter 
into our iKuly consumption, there are none more 
di'ficull to obtain, puie ami reliable, than teas and 
coffees ; those found at this esl.Tblishnient are of 
especially fine flavor and fragrance, comprising in 
teas, tht finest ])ro(iuctions of China and Japan, and 
in coffees, the best growths of fava. Mocha and .South 
America. In everything Mr. Moore strives to keep 
none but the very best of goods, and housekeepers 
and others will find this a most desirable house with 
which to establish trade '•elations. Mr. Moore was 
born ai Sni'th Town 28 years agf , and is recognized 
as an enterpriiing and pushing man of business. 

Th« Pc^orberr' Mattress find Upholster- 
ing Co«( Manufacturers of all kinds of Mattresses, 
holsters, Pillows, etc., etc. Factory on Otona- 

bee River, East End of Hunter Street, Bridge. 
—Mattresses constitute articles of practical neces- 
sity in every household, and in no small de- 
gree conduce to our personal comfort, as such 
their manufacture forms no unimportant factor 
in our industrial pursuits. An establishment that is 
reliable in every particular and enjoys considerable 
popularity for the superiority of its goods, is that of 
Messrs. Faint & Doxsce, who are actively engaged in 
the manufacture of mattresses, which are prepared 
with the greatest care, and are strong, durable and 
comfortable. These productions are manufactured in 
various styles, and orders for any particular grade are 
])romptly filled, prices being most reasonable. Since 
the inception of this business a steadily increasing 
trade has been enjoyed, and the products of this house 
are shipped in all directions. They had the misfor- 
tune to be burnt down last fall, but they speedily 
rebuilt and their enterprise carried on with renewed 
vigor. 'I'he premises occupied consist of a substan- 
i lial building, three stories in height, 40x60 feet in 
' dimensions, where every facility is enjoyed for the 
prosecution of this work, while employment is fur- 
nished to some six or seven hands, who ar<-' engaged 
in upholstering of every description, making a spe- 
cialty of parlor suites, lounges and easy chairs, and 
the manufacture of mattresses. The machinery 
is run by power obtained from the Dickson estate. 
Of the individual members of this firm, Mr. 
Faint is a Canadian, aged 40 years, while Mr. Doxsee 
is also a native of this country, being now 35 years of 
age. They conduct business u|)on those sound prin- 
ciples of e(|uity and probity, and all their affairs are 
transacted upon the highest standard of mercantile- 

Sherwood Bros., Manufacturers and Whole- 
sale Dealers in Woodenware, Wrapping Paper, Paper 
Bags, Twines and Grocers' Sundries, Water Street.— 
There are no articles manufactured that enter more 
directly into the uses of nearly all branches of business 
than wrapping paper, paper bags and woodenware. 
As human ingenuity develops and the country is 
being constantly presented with small goods of neces- 
sity, these indispensable articles are in daily demand, 
rnd thus in dealing with the industries of Peterboro', a 
prominent place in this work must be accorded to the 
establishment -f Messrs. Sherwood Hros., manufac- 
turers and whok;s 'e dealers in woodenware, wrap- 
ping paper, paper I.. twines and grocers' sundries. 
The premises vcav as warerooms are located on 
Water Street, .)ein^ 'i.-iSO feet in dimensions, while 
they have also a manufactory on Hunter i'.treet, near 
the Otonabee River, where brooms, whisks and all 
kinds of brushes are made, and in this department 
their facilities are such as to enable them to success- 
fully compete with any contemporary house. The 
j stock includes brooms, ceiling brooms, hearth brooms, 
j window brushes, foundry brushes, tanners', printers' 
I and brewers' brushes, horse and dandy brushes, 
I scrubbing, Ptove and shoe brushes, mops, etc. Messrs. 
[ Sherwood IVos. also manufacture paint, varnish and 
I kalsomine brushes, which, in common witii all the 
others, are of a very superior tpiality. The products 
of this house are well known and are in active demand 
wherever intioduced. Employment is given to a 
large number of hards. The individual members of 
this firm are Messrs. W. J. and A. I'-. Sherwood, 
both of n'hom were born near to Peterboro'. Poth 
gentlemen are highly esteemed for the honorable» 
straightforward manner in which they have always- 
conducted their extensive business. 






I such 
Jiat is 
jiat of 
jcd in 
1e and 
Ired in- 
Ide are 


John S. Staphonaon, Canoe Builder, Ash- 
burnham. — The early history o( the development of 
■our country is in various ways associated with the 
canoe, which was the pioneer means of locomotion 
adopted both by the native aboriginal races as well 
as by European explorers. The roughly hewn canoe 
of those days has, however, now given way to the 
scientific manipulation of the present times, which, 
for neatness of execution, elegance and sailing proper- 
ties, may be called a masterpi-jce of nautical skill. 
The invetition of this perfected bark is due to Mr. 
John .S. Stephenson, who the manufacturer of 
the first canoe ever laid down on the lines now 1 
adopted, and which he has brought to so high a i 
standard. Mr. Stephenson has been established in j 
this line of business at Ashburnham for the last 30 ' 
years, and having devoted the whole of his life to this i 
branch of industry, it is safe to say that the products ; 

any length, having a 6-foot circular saw ; the top 
story is fitted up for a shingle mill. Here employ- 
ment is furnished to 30 skilled workmen ; the capa- 
city of the shingle mill is 50,000 per day. On the 
handsome grounds are located the private residences 
of Mr. Irwin .-nd of Mr. Hamilton, the manager ; 
also six double houses for the employees, with a 
boarding house to accommodate 100 men, also sleep- 
ing houses and offices, and large stable. Mr. Irwin 
ships lumber to New York, Albany, Boston, Roches- 
ter, and other points in the United States; and in 
Canada to Toronto, Montreal and other Canadian 
cities. .Since the inception of the business it has 
made very marked progress, and is still rapidly in- 
creasing. Mr. Irwin owns large timber limits forty 
miles south of the mills, and also in the nine town- 
ships owned by the English Land Company, Hulibur- 
ton county, employment being furnished in all to 

of his establishment are unexcelled in any part of the 
world. Not only arc his canoes in con.^tant demand 
here, but they find a ready market in England and 
the United .States. All work is conducted 
under his personal supervision. For the purposes 
of a factory he utilizes a two-story building, 
20x30 feet in dimensions, where he has every con- 
venience and facility in the shape of all improved 
appliances for satisfactorily conducting this branch of 
industry. Mr. Stephenson, who is of English descent, 
his parents having emigrated from Cumberland, was 
born in this country S6 years ago, and has given his 
constant study to the building of canoes. Those 
requiring a first-class boat of this description cannot 
do better than place their order with Mr. Stephenson, 
and they may rely on being served with a canoe, 
which, for durability, combined with lightness and 
general excellence, cannot be beaten. 

Jamas Mi Irwin, Lumber.— Among the most 
important of the business industries conducted in any 
community in Canada is that of lumber, which gives 
employment to thousands of men, and requires the 
investment of large capital. Holding a prominent 
place among those engaged in this line of business in 
Peterboro' is Mr. James M. Irwin, whose mills are 
located on the banks of the Otonabee River, three 
miles from Peterboro' and six miles from Lakcficld. 
One mill is 120x60 feet in dimensions, fitted up with 
all the latest and most improved wood -working ma- 
chinery, which is run by water power, and where 
employment is furnished to 72 competent workmen, 
the capacity of the mill being 100,000 feet per day. 
There is also a lath department, capable of turning 
out 30,000 laths per day. There are two Yankee 
gang saws, slabber and gangs, and 6-foot circular saw. 
There is also a steam mill on the opposite side from 
this, divided into three departments, viz.: ground 
floor — planing mill, with two planing machines, re- 
saw, ripping table and swing saw; second floor, 
devoted exclusively for cutting dimension timber to 

over 400 men. The yards, which are located near 
the mills, have a storage capacity of 12,000,000 feet 
of lumber during the season. The Crand Trunk 
Railway track runs through the yards, with station on 
the property, offering excellent shipping facilities. 
The firm do a large wood business, shipping upwards 
of 30,000 Cords during the season, principally to 
Toronto. Mr. Alexander Hamilton, the manager, is 
a native of Fermanagh, Ireland, and came to Canada 
14 years ago, and has been in Mr. Irwin's employ 
for the past ten years, and has been manager for the 
past five years. He is a thoroughly practical man, 
and understands every detail of the business. Mr. 
James M. irwin, the proprietor, is a native of Ty- 
rone, Ireland, and came to this country at 18 years of 
age, and is a surveyor by profession, and came to 
Peterboro' nine years ago. The business was estab- 
lished by Messrs. Smith, Irwin it Boyd 30 years since, 
and were succeeded by Messrs. Irwin & Boyd in 1877, 
and by Mr. Irwin in 1880. The lands owned by the 
house comprise 300 acres, and are located on the 
banks of the Otonabee River, which gives excellent 
water power. Mr. Irwin is a thorough-going man of 
business, active and enterprising, and is a valued 
member of the community. 

Tha Auburn Woollan Company. —One of 

the most important industries conducted in Peter- 
boro' is that of the Auburn Woollen Company, 
whose mills are located on the Otonabee River. 
This business was established in 1862, and the 
premises were enlarged in 1872. The premises as at 
present used are : main building, 130x60 feet in 
dimensions and 4 stories in height ; south wing, 
45x80 feet in dimensions and 3 stories in height ; 
other wing, 80x40 feet and 2 stories in height ; dye 
house, 60x30 feet, I story ; boiler house, 40x40 feet ; 
picker house, 80x30 feet, which includes machine and 
carpenter shops ; offices, i story, 30x40 feet, all of 
which, with the exception of the offices, are built of 
stone. The mill is a 9 set one, and employment is 





furnished to about 140 competent hands, and is one 
of the largest and most complete in the Dominion . It 
is fitted up with all the latest and most improved 
machinery and appliances. The Company use all 
foreign wool, so that their manufactured product is 
equal to any that can be obtained in this country 
in the line of fine tweeds, which is their exclusive line 
of manufacture. James Kendrey, Esq., is the man- 
ager ; President, John Carnegie, Esq., ex-M.P.P. ; 
Secretary, J. I. Davidson, Esq. The trade of the 
Company is very extensive, extending from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific. The mills are beautifully 
situated amongst elm trees, the ground being taste- 
fully laid out on tlie banks of the Otonabee River, 
3^ of a mile from the city. 

John il. MoBalllt Dealer in Grain and Produce, 
corner Charlotte and Aylmer Streets, near G. T. R. — 
The grain and produce trade is confessedly one of the 
greatest factors in the astonishing development of the 
commerce of this country, and everything relating to 
it is of general interest, not only to those engaged in 
the business, but to all intelligent business men. 
Among the prominent and well-known houses devoted 
to the handling of grain and produce is that of Mr. 
John J. McBain, who is a leading representative of 
this important industry. Mr. McBain has had a long 
experience in this connection, having started this 
business in conjunction with his father eighteen years i 
ago, though for the last five years he has alone con- 
ducted this enterprise, his father having retired from 
the business. Mr. McBain occupies a very spacious 

and commodious warehouse, 200x40 in dimensions, 
admirablyarranged and fitted with every appliance and 
convenience for the prosecution of the business. The 
specialties of this house are wheat, barley, oats, seeds 
and general produce, in which a large and ever in- 
creasing business is done. Mr. McBain has a large 
and influential connection through the best producing 
sections of the country, and his facilities for handling 
produce are such that in all cases on goods consigned, 
quick sales and prompt returns are secured. Liberal 
advances are made on all kinds of grain and produce, 
and the entire reliability which may be placed on all 
goods emanating from this house, as well as upon 
every vepresentation made, may be regarded as a 
prominent feature of the business, and one that has 
largely contributed to its success and prosperity. This 
house is in every way a representative one, both on 
account of the magnitude of its transactions and its 
high standing in the mercantile community at home 
and abroad. The long experience of Mr. McBain 
and his thorough acquaintance with the business 
have given him a complete knowledge of the same, 
while his large connection assures him prompt sales. 
His trade extends in various portions of the Dominion, 
and he also ships to the United States and England. 
Nothing is neglected and those forming trade associa- 
tions with the house are induced to continue on account 
of the promptness and accurate business policy that 
characterize all transactions. Mr. McBain was born 
in the township of Cavan, thirty-four years ago, and 
is held in the highest estimation in social and com- 
mercial circles, wherever he is known. He is an 
esteemed member of the Toronto Board of Trade, 


The flourishing town of Lindsay, which is situated on the banks of the Sciigcg river, in Ops township, 
Victoria county, was first settled in 1835, and owing to its excellent location and the rich farming country 
surrounding it, it rapidly grew up, and was incorporated as a town in 1857, and at the present day has a 
population of 5,540. It is well lighted with gas, and has an excellent system of water works and an 
efficient fire department. Its assessed valuation on real ard personal property is $1,449,093, with a bonded 
indebtedness of $141,740. It is the centre of railway communication, being 56 miles from Haliburton, 37 
miles to Coboconk, 78 miles to the Georgian Bay, 70 rr.iles to Toronto, 45 miles to Whitby, 24 miles to 
Peterboro', and 43 miles to Port Hope, with all of which it is connected by railway. It contains several 
manufacturing industries, deriving power from the Scugog river, and consisting of flour, woollen and saw 
mills and agricultural implement works. It contains a high school, having 160 pupils ; public schools, with 
an average attendance of 800 ; and sejjarate schools, with 200 scholars. Its Mechanics' Institute contains a 
library of 1,200 volumes. Its opera house has a seating capacity for 600. Its finances are managed by 
three chartered banks, and two weekly newspapers, the Canadian Post and Victoria Warder, keep the 
inhabitants informed on passing events. It has excellent inland water communication with numerous 
points, with steamboat facilities. From its past record, Lindsay will at no distant day hold an importan 
position among the prominent inland towns of Ontario. 

Mansion House, J. S. McCarthy, Proprietor. 
—The enterprise and progress of a town are in no 
small degree measured by the extent and character 
of its hotels, and judged on this basis Lindsay can 
most favorably compare with her sister towns. A 
desirable house o accommodation that embodies all 
the requirements of a first-class hotel is that so widely 
and favorably known as the Mansion House, the 
esteemed proprietor of which is Mr. J. S. McCarthy. 
This popular resort was built eight years ago by its 

present proprietor, and is specially arranged for the 
convenience and comfort of guests. The building is 
a substantial brick structure, two stories in height, 
with an observatory and balcony, and contains 21 spa- 
cious and well ventilated bedrooms, with comfortable 
sitting and smoking rooms, a well appointed bar and 
sample room. The dining room, 15x40 feet in di- 
mensions, is capable of seating a large number of 
guests. The table is liberally supplied with the 
dainties and delicacies of the season, while for the 




J seeds 
|er in- 
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as a 
lat has 
I This 
3th on 
|ind its 

accommodation of travellers, meals are served im- 
mediately on the arrival and lielore the departure of 
all passenger trains, the hotel being located exactly 
opposite the Union station. Special attentio-. has 
been piiid to the efficient drainage and ventilr/.ion of 
this establishment, and no pains are s])ared to pro- 
vide every home comfort for patrons of this house. 
In the winter months it is heated throughout with 
hot air. This house is specially recommended to the 
travelling public on account of its excellent faciliiies. 
Good sheds and stables are also in connection. Mr. 
McCarthy was born at New Haven, county Limerick, 
Ireland, and on coming to this country settled al 
once in Port Hope, where he engaged in the shoe- 
making business. He came to Lindsay 26 years ago, 
where he embarked in the grocery and fancy goods 
trade prior to entering on his present occupation, 
Mr. McCarthy is a most obliging and genial host. 
and is widely known and very popular. 

A> Miginbothaitli Dispensing Druggist, Doheny 
Block. — In dealing with the industrial and profes- 
sional pursuits of our country, none can deny the 
right of the druggist to be specially represented in 
this work. The profession of pharmacy is one which 
deserves the grateful consideration of all, as it is to 
him we go for alleviation of pain in time of need. 
This branch is in Canada a specially well developed 
one, and is represented in general by men of high 
professional abilities and sclfiolarly attainments; at 
least this is the case in Lindsay, where in Mr. A. 
Higinbotham the inhabitants of this thriving town 
are fortunate in being represented by a gentleman so 
well and favorably known, and who at the same time 
is a thorough master of the science and mysteries of 
drugs and chemicals. Mr. Higinbotham has been 
established here f(/r the last nine years, and in that 
period he has, by strict attention to the calls of his 
business, built up a substantial and permanent con- 
nection, which is steadily increasing. His premises 
comprise a well arranged store, 40x18 feet in dimen- 
sions, with n fully etpiipped laboratory in the reur, 
A fine stock of pure fresh drugs and chemicals is 
carried, as well as popular and desirable proprietary 
medicines, physicians' supplies, a rich assortment of 
perfumes, toilet articles, fancy goods, and all the 
accessories which come under the heading of drug- 
gists' sundries, being such as are to l)e found in all 
really first-class establishments. In the line of phy- 
sicians' prescriptions and family re, pes, Mr. Higin- 
botham especially excels, and compounds the most 
difficult formula' ii Lhe hij;hest standard of profes- 
sional skill. Anil .jst the noteworthy compounds 
put up at this estai -hment must be mentioned the 
Dandelion lilood 1. teis. White I'ine Balsam and 
Old English Horse ' ndiiion Towdeis, which meet 
with thorough appvi iation whe ever introduced. 
Mr. Higinbotham was born at Hrantforil in 1854, and 
is a gentleman of high ability, wh(j is well and favor- 
ably known throughout this section of the country. 

Daly House, Kent Street, L. Daly, Proprietor. 
— Among the jiopular establishments in I^indsay de- 
signed for the accommodation of the public, the Daly 
House is one of the most favored hotels, and enjoys 
a reputation that is widespread for all those essentials 
the embodiment of which constitute the comfort and 
attraction of hotel life. This house has been under 
the able management of its present proprietor, Mr. 
E. Daly, for the last three years, and in his harids 
the trade of this establishment has wonderfully in- 
creased, and a wide connection has been established. 

The hotel consists of a three-story brick building, 
60x100 feet in dimensions, with all interior arrange- 
ments admirably appointed, being furnished in the 
most modern style, and lit thi.ughoul with gas. 
There are 30 spacious bedrooms, re]ilete with every 
comfort and convenience for guests ; the dining room 
has ample seating capacity for a large number of 
guests, and the table is liberally supplied with the 
best of viands and delicacies in season, the culinary 
department being under competent management. A 
free 'bus runs to and from all boats and trains, and 
nothing is spared that can in any way add to the 
comfort and convenience of patrons of this house. 
In every respect this is a first-class hotel, and as a 
dollar a day house is the eijual of any in the Prov- 
ince. There is plenty of accommodation for ar.y 
number of horses. Mr. Daly is himself an ardent 
lover of horseflesh, and owns four rattling pacers. 
This gentleman was born in Lindsay in 1850, and is 
one of the most obliging, courteous and genial hosts 
to be met in this circuit, and those making this their 
headcjuarters will always be treated in the most con- 
siderate manner. 

•losaph RISS*! Tobaccos, Cigars, Jewellery and 
Watches. — Tobaccos anil cigars enter largely into the 
recjuirements of the great majority of the male sex, 
and, if report speak truly, of a good many ladies also, 
su/) rasa. Be that as it may, the trade is an all im- 
portant one, and in dealing with the resources and 
industrial pursuits of our country must in this com- 
prehensive work be duly represented. In Lindsay a 
representative and old established house engaged in 
this line of business is here noted in that of Mr. 
Joseph Kiggs, who since 1873, when he started this 
enterprise, has been a prominent member of the com- 
mercial community of this town. His store, 22x40 
feet in dimensions, situated at the foot of Kent Street, 
with its significant emblem, "The Illuminated Cigar," 
is stocked with a fine assortment of smokers' supplies 
and sundries, including all brands of tobaccos, the 
choicest of cigars, imported and domestic, cigarettes, 
briar, meerschaum and clay pipes, as well as walking 
canes, razors and shaving materials, knives and toys 
of every descriplinr. A variety o.*" carefully selected 
jewellery is also displayed) consisting of gold and silver 
watches of American and S iss manufacture, rings 
set with all kinds of stones, watch chains, charms, 
brooches, bracelets and a variety of fancy goods, both 
useful and ornamental. In musical instruments will 
lie found violins, accordions and concertinas, while 
Mr. Riggs is also agent for bicycles, which he can 
supply on as reasonaliie terms as if obtained direct the manufacturer. .-Vli kinds of natural water 
waves and switches are kept in stock or m.ade to 
order. Mr. Kiggs was born in Dorsetshire, England, 
j in 1847, and came to Canada in 1869. He is 
i known as a pushing and enterprising man of business, 
! and his establishment is one which caters to the warns 
I of the public in a vast variety of ways. 

Anderson, Nugent & Co., Furniture Manu- 
facturers. — The attention that has been given to the 
production of fine furniture in this country during 
the past quarter of a century has developed the fact 
that Canadian skill and inventive genius are quite as 
successful in this industry as they have proved in 
many others. A vast improvement has been made 
in the culture and general good taste of the public, 
and the well furnished houses of all classes io-day 
testify to the skill of the manufacturers. An old es- 
tablished house, which in no small degree has con- 

.; . 


i.*^3*-*E£id*.w / 



tributerl to first raise and now to maintain this high 
standard of excellence, is that of Messrs. Anderson, 
Nugent & Co., the well-known furniture manu- 
facturers of Lindsay. Thi.= concern, which bears the 
marks of enterprise and judicious management, 
exercises an influence that extends far beyond the 
limits of Lindsay, the trade reaching all parts of the 
Province. It was founded originally by Mr. John 
Anderson 34 years ago; in 1856 Mr. Robert Nu- 
gent was admitted into partnership, and in 1886 
the name of Mr. J. \V. Anderson was added to the 
firm, and the |)resent constitutional title adopted. 
.Since its inception this house has always enjoyed a 
liberal and substantial patronage in consetiuence of 
the unsurpassed (|uality :.ntl workm.inship of their 
furniture. The premises occupied are very spacious 
and commodious, and comprise three Hats, each 
20x50 feet in dimensions, with a factory and luml)er 
yard on Peel Street, the lictory being 25x80 feet in 
size, admirably arranijed iind equipped with every 
necessary ajipliance, in the shape of planers, joiners, 
band, gig and circular saws, necessary for the ])rose- 
cution of the busines*-. The warerooms are replete 
with an extensive stock of jiarlor, dining room and 
bedroom suites, as well as durable kitchen furniture, 
and in fact everything that will add in any manner 
to the elegance and comfort of home. The products 
of this house have a wide and well deserved reputa- 
tion, and the trade ij boih wholesale and retail, 
while employment is provided for twelve skilled and 
experienced workmen, the motive force for the 
machinery being supplied by a 15 horse -power 
engine. In connection with the furniture depart- 
ment, general undertaking also receives special 
attention, this branch of the business being under 
the immediate supervision of Mr. Nugent. The 
experience and natural aptitude possessed by this 
gentleman enable him to discharge his duties in this 
relation to the entire and unf|ualitied satisfaction of 
those most directly interested. He is prepared to 
assume the whole direction of funerals, furnishing 
casket, hearse an<l everything needful for the due 
performance of the last solemn rites of the dead. Of 
the individual members of this (irm, Mr. John 
Anderson was born at Lanark, in this Province, 56 
years ago; Mr. Robert Nugent is a native of 
Victoria county, where he was born 32 years ago ; 
and Mr. J. W. Anderson, who is now 23 years of 
age, is also a native of the same division. All are 
held in the highest estimation in social and com- 
mercial life for their many excellent qualities and 
strict integrity, and have always been active support- 
ers of any measure that has been brought forward 
for the good and welfare of their fellow citizens. 

Royal Sletel, Thos. McConnell, Proprietor, cor. 
Kent and Lindsay Streets. — Nothing ad.'.s to the 
status and importance of either a city or town than 
desirable and good accommodation for the public, 
and in this respect the thriving town of Lindsay' is 
well represented. The Royal Hotel has attained a 
high degree of popularity among the hotels of this 
section, and has become one of the popular resorts 
under the able and judicious management of .Mr. 
Thomas McCornell. The house is always kept in the 
best style, and is neatly and handsomely furnished 
throughout, and offers good inducements to both 
permanent and transient guests. It is 
located at the corner of Kent and Lindsay 
and will always be found first-class in every 

stories in height, and was erected some twenty-four 
years ago, Mr. Haslam having been the predecessor 
of Mr. McConnell. It contains twenty bedrooms, 
which are fitted up in the most comfortable manner 
for the convenience of guests, the apartments are 
large, airy and well ventilated, and handsomely 
furnished ; there are also cosy sitting rooms, a 
billiard room and a well stocked bar, where the 
best of wines, liquors and ales, imported and 
domestic, are always to be had. The culinary 
department is under experienced management, and 
the table is always liberally supplied with the 
choicest of viands and delicacies in serson, served up 
in the most attractive manner. Stabl.ig is provided 
free, and there is ample accommodatioi for a number 
of horses. As posses.sing those essent ..Is which con- 
stitute home-like comfort in a hotel, his establish- 
ment must commend itself to al , and Mr. 
McConnell spares no efforts on his part to satisfac- 
torily cater to the wants of his guests. Mr. 
.McConnell was born at Woolwich, in the county of 
Kent, England, and has been in this country since 
1869. He is a gentleman of wide hotel experience, 
ami makes a most iiojuilar and genial host. 

S reets, 

The building is a substantial brick structure, two 

L. O'Connor, Carriage, Waggon, Cutter and 
Lileigh .Manufacturer, corner William and Rus.sell 
.Streets, next door to Carr's Hotel. ^Amoug the 
varied interests of this town due mention must be 
made to the establishment of Mr. L. O'Connor, 
whose business is devoted to the manufacture and 
sale of fine light carriages of superior workmanship. 
To build a first-class carriage or waggon, where stay- 
ing ([ualities, beauty of design and elegance of finish 
are combined, retpiires skill, experience and intelli- 
gence. All these essentials are possessed in an emi- 
nent degree by Mr. O'Connor, as is highly demon- 
strated by the fact that he has always been awarded 
first prizes wherever he has exhibited. This busi- 
ness has been conducted with marked success by its 
present proprietor for the last 16 years. The premi- 
ses occupied, al the corner of William and Russell 
Streets, are of ample dimensions, consisting of two 
show rooms, the one 30x40 feet in dimensions, the 
other 32x42, with a workshop 30x50, blacksmith's 
shop 30x25, paint shop and trimming shop 75x30, 
and a yard 100x80 feet. The establishment is 
equipped with the latest improved and necessary ap- 
pliances, and gives every facility for the production 
of carriages, from the preparation of the raw material 
to the handsomely furnished vehicle. Some nine 
highly skilled workmen are employed, while all 
operations are conducted under the personal super- 
vision of the proprietor. The products of the house 
consist of light and heavy carriages and sleighs of all 
descriptions, a specialty being made of light work. 
Mr. O'Connor uses his utmost care to select only the 
most suitable and best seasoned woods and most dur- 
a'tle materials, which, combined with first-clas.s 
workmanship, obtain the most satisfactory results. 
A fine stock of carriages is always kept on hand, and 
those interested in the purchase of vehicles will do 
well to pay a visit to this establishment, as in addi- 
tion to first-class carriages, they will get advantages 
in terms and prices that are not readily duplicated. 
Mr. O'Connor is a native of Ireland, having been 
born in Wexford 52 years ago ; he came to this coun- 
try and learned his trade in Belleville. He is well 
known as an able, tiiergetic, enterprising business 
man, who, by strict integrity, has won an enviable 
reputation and the respect and esteem of all. 


T»!5lipf5^.'i^VV?iW'vi-^'v;«^»iff^"r,«T:'Jt".<7'™i3'rT'''r'' t^t^wt^^t" ■■^■•myr' 









Oaorg* A. Miln«, Tailor, Doheny Block, Kent 
Street. — Among the various avocations followed in 
all thriving communities, that of merchant tailoring 
may be regarded as of the greatest importance to the 
public in general, as furnishing those evidences of 
taste in dres; that are represented in fashionable and ' 
well fitting garments. As one of the houses in this 
section of the country which has been foremost in 
promoting the standard of elegance in gentlemen's 
attire, that of Mr. George A. Milne is of special im- 
])ortance, and is deserving of paiticular mention in a 
review of those places most desirable as purchasing ' 
points. This house was founded by its present pro- 
prietor two years, ago and since its inception at that 
period he has met with a flattering share of success, a 
result due to the always reliable quality of his goods 
and the superior make of his garments. The prem- 
ises occupied, centrally locpt'id in the Doheny 
Block on Kent Street, comprise a well .irranged 
store, 40x18 feet in dimension; , with a workshop in 
the rear, where employment is furnished to fourteen 
experienced assistants. This establishment is widely 
known for the mar'^ed goo:i taste displayed in the 
selection of the slock, which is unsurpassed as to 
quality and style, giving customers ample assortments 
from which to choose, for either business or dress 
suits, not excelled by any contemporary establish- 
ment. These goods consist of fine cloths, cassimeres 
and suitings of direct importation, the productions of 
the looms of the most famous of British manufactu- 
rers, of every variety of the latest styles of the day, 
in stripes, plaids, checks, mottled and other designs, 
which are manufactured to order at moderate prices 
and in style after the latest fashions. As none but 
experienced hands are employed, first-class workman- 
ship is at all times a leading characteristic of this 
house. In the style and make up of garments this 
establishment is unexcelled; few have had such a 
complete and thorough training in the art of tailoring 
IS has Mr. Milne. He was born in London, Eng- 
land, forty years ago, and learned his trade in a first- ; 
class establishment in one of the most fashionable 
business centres of the metropolis — Saville Fiow. I le 
has been in Canada twelve years, and was for three 
years located in Toronto. Those desiring really first- 
class garments at reasonable prices will do well to 
visit this house. 

R> Smyth Ir Sent Importers and Dealers in 
Dry Cloods, Millinery, Clothing, Gents' Furnishings, 
Hats, Caps and Furs. — As contributing in a marked 
degree in various directions to the v/ants and require- 
ments of a people, the trade in dry goods, millinery, 
clothing and gents' furnishings seems to be one which 
must engross the immediate attention of all. A com- 
prehensive establishment in Lindsay, dealing in all 
the articles embraced under 
these respective headings, is 
that of Messrs. R, Smyth & 
Son. This business was es- 
tablished by the present senior 
partner of the firm 12 years 
ago, and for the last 1 2 months 
has been known 
under iis present 
constitutional ti- 
tle. The prem- 
ises occupied 
comprise a sub- 
stantial building 
>f three stories 
n height, I20x 
4ofeet in dimen- 
sions, admirably arranged for the facilities of this 
business. The first Hat is devoted to dry goods and 
millinery, the second fiat to gents' furnishings and 
clothing, and the third to tailoring, while the dress- 
making is prosecuted in rear of the second Hat. 
The stock is of course too extensive and varied 
to be mentioned in detail, but consists in part 
of cloths, cassimeres, silks, satins, velvets, foreign 
and domestic dress goods, ginghams, flannels, 
worsteds, prints, muslins, linens, etc. Also ladies' 
and gents furnishing goods, such as underwear, 
neckwear of the newest and richest styles, hosiery, 
gloves, shirts, collars, cuffs, etc. ; also buttons, 
trimmings, laces, ribbons and fancy dry goods 
in general. These are all arranged in appropriate 
departments, and are under charge of a number of 
salespeople, who are always prepared to give prompt, 
polite and expeditious attention to customers. Messrs. 
Smyth cS: Son make it a special point to charge no 
fancy price for goods, but to mark everything as low 
as can be done consistently with a living business, 
hence in a great measure is the result of the substan- 
tial trade enjoyed. Gentlemen requiring elegantly 
m.ade garments in the latest style and fashion will 
meet with every satisfaction at this establishment. 
All departments are kept up to the highest point of 
perfection, and a staff of from 30 to 40 as.sistants is 
kept busily going. Of the individual members of 
this firm .Mr. R. Smyth was born at Kirby, Lonsdale, 
Vork.shire, England, and came to this country when 
young. Me first settled in Keene, and then moved 
to Woodstock, he taught school at Elizabethville and 
Kendal for five years and then located at Lindsay, 
where he has ever identified himself with the best 
interests of the place. He holds the position of 
Reeve at the present time ; he served in the Fenian 
Raid of 1866, and was Captain of No. 7 Company of 
the 45th Durham X'olunteers. ^[r. Sydney G. Smyth, 
who was admitted a member of the firm a year ago, 
was born near Port Hope, and renders valuable assis- 
tance in the prosecution of this important enterprise. 

Joseph Llele, Tanner and Currier, and Dealer 
in Leather. — The leather industry constitutes an im- 
portant element in the commercial pursuits of any 
country, and in Canada this branch of trade, is especi- 
ally well developed, a number of thoroughly equipped 




tanneries being situated in all parts of the country. 
Continuous success is the real test of the reliability ;<f 
all business houses, and this being the well deserved 
fortune of Mr. Joseph Lisle, of William Street, Lind- 
say, tanner, currier and dealer in leather, no other 
conclusion can be drawn than that he is entitled to 
the entire confidence of the trade. This business was 
established some twenty years ago. and since its in- 
ception its range of trade has been steadily developed. 
The premises occupied are sjiacious and commodious 
and cover some quarter of an acre of ground, on which 
are located a main building 85x30 feet in dimensions, 
with a bark house 40x20 feet and offices 30x15. 
Every facility and modern appliance is at hand for 
the efficient prosecution of this business in the shape 
of jacks, splitting machines, large vats and all the 
needed accessories of an establishment of this kind. 
The products of this tannery in the shape of harness 
and upper leather have a standard reputation in the 
market and find a ready sale wherever introduced, 
though most are shipped to Toronto manufacturers. 
The motive force for the machinery used is supplied by 
a 16 horse-power engine, with a boiler of 25 horse- 
power, while employment is furnished to some six to 
eight hands. Mr. Lisle is a native of Scotland, hav- 
ing been born in Glasgow in 1832 ; he has been in 
Canada for fifty-two years, and he has spent twenty- 
six of them in Lindsay, having previously been 
engaged in business in I'eterboro'. The leather and 
goods manufactured by Mr. Lisle are of very b.'st 
(juality, and those entering into business relations with 
him will meet with every satisfaction and be liberally 
dealt with. Mr. Lisle can well be congratulated on 
the success which he has attained by energy, ability 
and perseverance. 

Benson House, E. Benson, Proprietor.— 
There is nothing which adds so much to the pres- 
tige and importance of a place in the eyes of strangers 
as first-class hotel accommodation. Lindsay may 
well be congratulated on the possession of establish- 
ments of this kind of a hii^h order, and which in 
every way can compare favorably wiih toA-ns 
similarly situated. The leailing and papular hotel 
in Lindsay is that which to travellers and others is .so 
well known as the Henson House, and which for the 
last 12 years has been under the able administration 
of the gentleman from whom it takes its name, Mr. 
E. Henson. The building, which is eligibly located, 
is a substantial brick structure, while the interior is 
modelled and finished in the most thorough and com- 
ple'e manner, with all the modern conveniences and 
arrangements of first-class ci y hotels. There are 50 
bedrooms for the accommodation of guests, these 
apartments being large, well lighted and well venti- 
lated, and neatly furnished throughout. There is a 
spacious dining room with six tables, capable of 
seating a large number of guests ; also ladies' and 
gentlemen's parlors and rooms, cii suite, and a bil- 
liard room with two excellent tables. Every ar- 
rangement that can in any way add to the comfort of 
guests has been carried out ; the halls and corridors 
are wide, spacious and convenient, while the rooms 
throughout are all commodious, handsomely furnished 
and elegant in all their appointments, fixtures and 
upholstery. The "Benson IIou.5e'' is in every way 
a most desirable hotel, not surpassed by any in the 
Midland counties ; its cuisine is most excellent, the 
table at all times being served with choice viands and 
delicacies. Mr. Benson makes one of the most popu- 
lar and esteemed of hosts, and on his part no pains 
are spared to make this hotel one in every way re- 

plete with home comforts. The rates of this house 
are $1.50 per day, with special terms to boarders and 
'ong-time visitors, and in every way this ht)use com- 
m -nds itself to all seeking hotel accommodation in 
thii locality. 

1I. W. WallaOOf Proprietor of the Lindsay Wool- 
len Slills, corner of William and Bond Streets. -The 
trade in wool in the raw state constitutes one of the 
natural resources of any sheep farming country, 
while in the ntnnufactured state wool enters largely 
into a variety of articles that are in daily requirement, 
and thus a very wide field of enterprise is in this 
direction opened up. Amongst the leading industrial 
establishments of this town due mention must be 
maile of the Lindsay Woollen Mills, which have now 
been in existence for the last 1 1 years. These mills 
are owned by Mr. J. W. Wallace, and since their 
establishment their resources have been materially 
developed and a solid and permanent trade connection 
formed. Mr. Wallace manufactures full-cloth, tweeds, 
flannels, blankets, yarn, stocking yarn, etc., all of 
which products have a standard reputation on the 
market and find a ready sale in all parts of the Pro- 
vince, the trade being both wholesale and retail. The 
premises occupied at the corner of William and 
Bond Streets comprise a spacious factory 152x32 feet 
in dimensions, with a store room 30 feet square, and 
a store 32x20. the whole establishment being specially 
adapted for a business of this kin,!, the mills being 
fitted with the newest modern appliances and ma- 
chinery for the manufacture of woollen goods ; the 
motive force is supplied by a 30 horse-power engine, 
while employment is furnished to twenty hands. 
Custom carding, fulling, dyeing and cloth dressing 
are done on the shortest notice at these mills, while 
the highest market price is paid for wool pII the 
year round. In connection with this industry, Mr. 
Wallace keeps a very choice assortment of approved 
lines of general dry goods, for obtaining supplies of 
which he has unsurpassed facilities and can thus offer 
special advantages to patrons. Mr. Wallace is a 
native of Millbrook, where he was born in 1842, he 
has been many years a resident of Lindsay and has 
ever prominently identified himself with the best 
interests of the place of his adoption, in which he is 
held in the 1 ighe t possible esteem, having been elec- 
ted to fill the position of Mayor in the years 1883, 
1884 and 1885, fulfilling his duties in this connection 
with credit to himself and with satisfaction to all con- 
cerned. Mr. Wallace holds the commission of Cap- 
tain in the 45th Battalion. 

S. Perrin, Druggist, next door to the Henson 
House. — Many of the notable and most beneficial 
discoveries of the age have been the result of the sci- 
entific researches of the chemist, while his skill in a 
great measure renders the medical profession efficient. 
Certain it is that this profession is one deserving 
of our most grateful consideration and especially 
merits due acknowledgment in this work. An old 
established and representative house in Lindsay is 
that which for a long number of years has been oper- 
ated by Mr. Samuel I'errin, whose office and store 
are located on Kent .Street. This gentleman has 
been estalilished in the town for the last twenty-five 
years, and in that period has completely gained the 
confidence of all with whom he has had dealings and 
at the same time has established a wide connection. 
His store is 17x100 feet in size, with a well appointed 
dispensary in the rear, while the stock carried con- 
sists of a fine, fresh assortment of drugs and chemi- 



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->n in 

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jst be 

cals, desirable anil popular proprietary medicines, toilet 
articles, perfumery, physicians' supplies, brushes, fancy 
goods ar>d the usual sundries as carried in all first-class 
establishment8()f this kind. Special atleniion is 
paid to physicians' prescriptions and family recipes, 
which are compounded under the personal super- 
vision of Mr. I'errin, with accuracy, relialiility and 
dispatch. Employment is furnished to three 
assistants, and a.non^st the special productions of this 
house must be mentioned I'errin's Pine Tar Cordial, 
Perrin's Worm Powders, Hrown's Botanic Blood 
Bitters, Australian Laxative Kenit<ly, Beef, Iron and 
Wine, and Watson's Antibiiious Pills, all compounds 
of specific virtue, and which have only to be tried 
to be appreciated. Mr. Perrin was born in 
Peterboro' in 1840, and is widely known as a 
gentleman of high professional ability and scholarly 
attainments. Me was formerly a member of the 
56th Victoria Volunteers. 

Seoth«ran, Oathro li Mark, i^ealers in Staple 
and Fancy Dry Goods, Millinery and Mantles, Car- 
pets and Oilcloths, Merchant Tailors and Centlemen's 
Outfitters, No. 2 Dobson's Block, Kent Street.— In 
the long and varied list of industries that go to make 
up our commercial fabric, that of dry goods p'ays one 
of the most important parts. We find in this country 
our most prominent merchants devoted to the pursuit, 
and the industry is a renriarkably well developed one. 
One of the leading business establishments in Lindsay 
is that of Messrs. Sootheran, Cathro & Mark, vhoare 
dealers in staple and fancy dry goods, millinery and 
mantles, carpets and oilcloths, while the house is also 
headquarters foi merchant tailnring and gents' fur- 
nishings. This establishment dates its inception 
under its present constitution back to some six years 
ago, since which its business has materially developed, 
while its trade extends in all directions. The prem- 
ises utilized comprise a substantial brick structure, 
three stories in hei'^ht, 100x24 feet in dimensions ; 
the first flat is used as a general store, the cecond is 
devoted to millinery and carpets, w'.\ile the third 
serves for the tailoring departnvi.t and the 
storage of oilcloths. So far as the character 
of the stock and its extent is concerned, it 
may be stated it is unsurpassed by any other contem- 
porary concern, antl embraces a diversity simply ini- 
possible to describe in dress goods, from the cheapest 
prints to the most expensive silk and velvet fabrics, 
ladies' and gentlemen's furnishing goods and hosiery, 
linens, woollens, cotton and mixed articles of every 
texture and description, and everything in the line of 
staple and fancy dry goods, while special attention is 
paid to the millinery department. In carpets and oil- 
cloths a varied and well selected assortment is carried, 
from the cheapest tapestry to superior Brussels and 
Wiltons. All goods are purchased direct from manu- 
facturers and first hands, both here and in Europe, in 
large quantities, and the ]irinciple on which the busi- 
ness is conducted is that of just dealing, giving full 
value for money, and obtaining emolument rather in 
increased sales than in large individual profits. A 
specialty is made of merchant tailoring, in which 
style, fit and finish are in all cases guaranteed, and as 
none but thoroughly competent assistants are em- 
ployed, first-class workmanship is a leading character- 
istic. As a proof of the extent of its trade, this house ! 
employs more men in this line than all the other stores : 
in Lindsay combined ; in all departments some forty- 1 
three hands being employed. The members of this j 
firm are well fitted by experience and ability to sue- 1 

cessfully con<luct the affairs of this house, and are 
h(!ld in the highest estimation for business enter])rise 
and integrity. In every respect this concern may be 
considered a representative one, prompt, liberal and 
enterprising. Of the individual members of this co- 
pnrlnership, Mr. |. II. Sootheran was born in, 
in this Province, forty years ago; Mr, Alexander 
Cathro is a native of .Scotland, where he was born forty 
years ago, but has been a resident of Canada for 
seventeen years; and Mr. |. R. Mark was born in 
Mariposa twenty-nine years ago. Mr. Sootheran is a 
member of the Town C!ouiicil, and is also a member 
of (he Local and Toronto Hoards of Trade, and is also 
on the Board of Mechanics' Institute; Mr. Cathro 
' was a member of the Council two years ago. The 
operations of this house are conducted with a scrupu- 
lous regard for the interests of all patrons, and busi- 
ness relations once entered into with it, are certain to 
become as pleasant as they will be jirofitable and 
satisfactory to all concerned. 


Ohambara ft Farquharson, Dealers in and 
Manufacturers of all kinds of Granite and Marble 
Nlonuments, Headstones, etc., Lindsay Street. — 
Since the days of the early Greeks and Romans, (he 
art of sculpture has ever been held in high esteem by 
all civilized nations, and in the present age, as an 
industrial pursuit, it occupies a most important posi 
tion. Granite and marble monuments constitute the 
form of memorials we erect to our dead, and the 
elegant artistic designs that grace our cemeteries in 
this locality are in many instances the result of the 
skill and handiw'ork of Messrs. Chambers A Karqu- 
rius business was founded by Mr. R. Cham- 
bers three years 
ago, and a year 
later .Mr. William 
Farqu harson was 
admitted into part- 
nership. Though 
comparatively re- 
cently established, 
they now do a .'ery 
large business, and 
orders are steadily 
pouring in. The 
prenuses occupied 
are situate on 
Lindsay Street, 
and comprise a 
workshop 30 x 40 
feet in dimensions, 
with a yard 60x40 feet, where employment is furnished 
to five competent and experienced ma.ble cutters. 
Messrs. Chambers & Farquharson are dealers in and 
manufacturers of all Umds of granite andma-blemonu- 
nients, headstones, etc., which are executed in the 
very highest degree of niech.inical and artistic skill, 
and which ave among the finest specimens of work of 
this kind to be found in this neighborhood. There 
are few of us but at some time or other have the 
mournful but yet satisfactory task of erecting a monu- 
ment ; in consulting Messrs. Chambers & Farquharson 
the result will in every way be most satisfactory. Of 
the individual members of this copartnership, Mr. 
Chambers was born in England 28 years ago, while 
Mr. Farquharson, who is of .Scotch descent, was born 
in this country 35 years, since. Both are thoroughly 
practical sculptors, marble workers and designers, and 
they well deserve the success which has so far attended 
their well-directed efforts. 




A. Oampball, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 
Flour, drain, Pork, Groceries, Provisions antl Port- 
land Smoked Fish, China, Glassware and Crockery, 
Doheny Block, Kent Street. --The grocery trade 
occupies a very important position in the 
commerce of all communities, as this depart- 
ment of trade includes every necessary article 
of food, among which are the products of every 
country in the world. Kng.ngcd in this branch 
of trade we find the well-known and highly popu- 
lar establishment of Mr. A. Canipljell, which for 
several years has occupied a prominent (uisition 
amongst the business enterprises of Lindsay, and since 
ts inception has always enjoyed a large anil subsianiial 
patronage. This business has l)een in the hands of 
Mr. Campbell for the last five years, who succeetled 
Mr. C. L. Hiiker, though prior to that he was in a 
similar business for two years. The iiremises, which 
cover an area of 140x70 feet, are furnished through- 
out with every facility for the storage of goods and 
the prompt fulfilment uf orders; the facilities of the 
house are such, by virtue of its large operations, 
that buying direct from first hands, and in such 
quantities that terms and prices are secured im- 
possible to be ol)tained by small dealers, and by 
these means the house is in a position to confer 
advantages and benefits that few similar establish- 
ments can accord It is almost marvellous to con- 
template the magnitude which the wholesale grocery 
enterprise has attained in this country compared to 
the limits to which it was circumscribed twenty 
years ago. The stock carried by Mr. Campbell 
is a full and complete one, comprising everything in 
staple and fancy groceries, general ])rovisions, 
hermetically sealed goods in tin and glass, condi- 
ments and table delicacies, and the usual grocers' 
sundries as found in a first-class house of this kind. 
Special attention is paid to teas, which include the 
choicest productions of China, Japan and the 
northern districts of India, as well as fragrant 
coffees from Java, Mocha and South America. 
Mr. Campbell is ever zealously employed in pre- 
serving the high standard of his goods, and the 
reputation he has gained is thoroughly deserved ; 
his trade is both wholesale and retail and extends 
through the Midland Counties and back townships. 
This business is of a comprehensive nature, as in 
addition to general groceries, a big trade is done in 
flour, grain, pork and Portland smoked fish, as well 
as china, glassware and crockery. Elmployment is 
given to eight assistants, and three horses are kept 
busy delivering orders. Mr. Campbell is a Canadian 
by birth, having been born in 1837, in the township 
of Thorah, near Lake Simcoe; he settled in Lindsay 
in 1865, and has, by untiring energy and devotion to 
the business, added much to its prosperity and 
success. The equitable manner in which the busi- 
ness is conducted, as well as the admirable 
qualities and uniform reliability of the stock, are 
guarantees sufficiently obvious why dealers would do 
well to place their orders with this house. 

John Dobsen» General Groceries, Wines, Litpiors, 
Tobaccos, Fish, Canned Goods, etc. — The trade in 
groceries, considered as a branch of commerce, is 
probably one of the most important existing in this 
country, representing as it does an immense capital 
and furnishing employment to a vast number of people. 
Lindsay is not behind her sister towns in the extent 
and importance of her grocery business and in the 

enterprise which i;haracterizes her leading houses. A 
thoroughly representative establishment and one 
which mr many has been devoted to this pursuit, 
is that of Mr. John Dobson, who does a thriving busi- 
ness as a wholesale and retail dealer in general 
groceries and family supplies. This house dates its 
inception back to twenty-five years ago, and during 
the long period of its existence it has steadily devel- 
oped its resources and increased its trade. The 
premises occupied, centrally located on Kent Street, 
are very extensive, well arranged and adapted for the 
business; the store is 100x24 feet in dimensions, and 
the stock carried is large and varied, embracing both 
stajile and fancy groceries, hermetically sealed goods 
in tin and glass, and provisions of all kinds, choice 
teas from China and Japan, fragrant coffees from 
Mocha, Java and .South Amer-ca, and in short every- 
thing pertaining to the legitimate grocery business. 
The growth of this establishmtnt is only commensur- 
ate with the energy and enterpri-e of its proprietor, 
who is sedulously employed in maintainingthe charac- 
ter of his various importations, .^lr. Dobson was born 
in l'"ermanagh, Ireland, 1824, and has been in Canada 
twenty-seven years, which, with the exception of two 
years in Toronto, have all been spent in Lindsay ; he 
is highly esteemed in social and commercial circles 
for hi> strict integrity antl probity, and is numbered 
amongst our most substantial and public spirited 
citizens. lie has ever taken an active interest in the 
welfare and advancement of Lindsay, of which town 
he was Mayor in 1873 ; he is also President of the 
Board of Trade and President of the Mechanics' 

8> J> P«tty« Watchmaker and Jeweller, and 
Dealer in Precious Stones, Kent Street, next to the 
Daly House. — In the general advance that has been 
made in most branches of trade in recent years, that 
of jewellery has undergone a substantial development, 
and constitutes a very important item in our com- 
mercial pur.suits. A popular establishment devoted 
to this pursuit in Lindsay is that of Mr. S. J. Petty, 
who conducts a thriving business as a watchmaker 
and jeweller, and dealer in precious stones. This 
business was originally started by Messrs. Davies & 
Petty, but for the last two years it has been under 
the sole management of the latter gentleman. His 
store is admirably located on Kent Street, and is 
iix6o feet in dimensions, and as regarcs interior ar- 
rangements is tastefully furnished with plate-glass 
show cases and cabinets, and contains a large, 
varied and well selected assortment of fine jewellery 
in all the new styles, and rich, elegant, unique 
designs, embracing all those articles for use or orna- 
ment, including gold and silver watches of well- 
known makers in Europe and America ; also French, 
Swiss and American clocks, diamonds and other 
precious stones, solid silver and plated-ware, eye- 
glasses and spectacles and opera glasses, and an 
endless array of fancy articles, which would be ap- 
propriate for wedding presents and for gifts on all 
occasions. Mr. Petty gives special attention to the 
repairing of watches and clocks, and also manufac- 
tures jewellery to order in all styles and designs, all 
work being executed in the most efficient and satis- 
factory manner. Mr Petty was born in Northum- 
berland county, in this Province, in 1851, and has 
had a long and- varied experience in the jewellery 
trade, in which he is thoroughly practical. All 
goods purchased at his establishment are warranted 
in ail cases to be as represented. 

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ThoSi Rebaeilt Manufacturer of Waxed and 
Grained Leather, VVellingtnn St.— Connected with 
(Jen. (irant's biography will ever go down to posterity 
the story of his work in the tannery of his lather and 
brothers. In such position he aimed to make as 
much a success of the leather business as he after- 
wards did on the field of battle, and in the President's 
chair. While Mr. Thos. Kobson has no military 
record that we know of, he can make just as goo<l 
and perhaps better leather than (len. (irant could. 
His aim is to keep abreast of the times, and in so 
doing he uses a main building, 44x50 feet, and 
another 24x48; these do not meet the re(|uirements 
of his business, and he is putting up still another, 
36x52. The amount of business done re(|uires the 
united labors of 12 men, and he sends his leather to 
both Montreal and Toronto. He employs a 1 5 horse- 
power engine to drive his six machines ; pebbling, 
splitting and bark mill, grinding machine, hide mill 
and stuiVmg mill ; he makes a specialty of harness 
leather and shoe leather, and the trade he commands 
is witness of the <|uality. The business was founded 
by Mr. Joseph Lysle twenty years ago, and ho was 
succeeded by Mr. Robson after five years. Mr. 
Robson is a native of Whitby, Ontario, is forty-six 
years old, and has only to regret that he is not a 
younger man in order to see how far he could increase 
his business in forty instead of the twenty years which 
he may reasonably expect to attend to all the details. 
I le has made a name of which he may be proud as an 
energetic, thorough-going and far-sighted business 

Robert Bryans, Dealer in Lumber, Lath and 
Shingles, Coal of all kinds and Dry Wood, Whole- 
sale and Retail ; also Dressed and Matched Lumlier. 
Office and Yard : next to Sylvester liros.' Foundry, 
on Victoria Avenue. -It would be im|)ossil)le to 
blend together two distinct industries that have indi- 
vidually a more prominent claim on the consideraticn 
of the public than those of lumber and coal. Lum- 
ber is an essential in all building oi)eralions, and in 
no department is the growth of a place better illus- 
trated than in tl.ose which pertain to the building 
trade. As the saw mill is the first building generally 
reared inthe primeval forest, so do the higher branch, s 
of industry in the same line that s])ring from it indi- 
cate the progression that is being made in the section 
in which it was located. Since '878, Mr. Robert 
Bryans has been prominently identified with this 
pursuit. This gentleman conducts a thriving busines- 
as a dealer in lumber, lath and shingles, also dressed 
and matched lumber, as well as coal of all kinds and 
dry wood, his trade Ijeing both wholesale and retail. 
This business is the largest of its kind in Lindsay, and 
the products of this esiablishm* nt are shipped to all 
parts of Western Ontario and east as far as King-ton, 
as well to portions of the United Slates. The offices 
and yards located on Victoria .Avenue cover two and 
a (juarter acres of ground, with spacious sheds lor 
storage purposes ; Mr. Bryans also occupies another 
yard, an acre and a half in size, on the river side by 
Wellington Street bridge, and is thus able to ship by 
both water and rail. .->ince its inception nine years 
ago, this house has enjoyed a steadily increasing trade, 
and the products have a standard reputation in the 
market. The coal trade of this country forms a very 
important factor in the constitution of our coninieicial 
fabric, and counts among its merchants some of the 
most active and enterprising business men of the 
Dominion. Mr. Bryans does a big business in both 
anthracite and bituminous coal, which is carelully 

screened before delivery. Receiving large shipments 
of coal direct from the mining regions, Mr. Hryans 
is enabled to sell coal at the very lowest market 
prices. His slock of wood comprises all kinds of 
dry wood for kindling, which is sold in (|uantilies to 
suit purchasers. Mr. Hryans is a native of Lindsay, 
having been born here in 1844 ; he has built up an 
excellent reputation for s(|uare and fair dealing, nnd is 
rapidly extending the business of his establishment. 
He is hehl in the hight si esteem by all who know 
him ; he has been a member of ihe Town Council for 
six yenrs, of the ( ounty t'ouncil two years, and also 
holds the position of Deputy Reeve, and is a Director 
of the Victoria Agricultural Society. 

Walsh If ■••!, Proprietors of the City Livery 
Stable, next door Kast of Veitch's Hotel.- -Among 
the active enterprises of a town like Lindsay, the 
business ol a livery stable occupies necessarily an im- 
jiortant place, contributing as it does to the pleasure, 
convenience ami actual necessities ol the community. 
Among the most notable establishments of this 
class ill this locality is " The City I.ivety," the pro- 
prietors of which are Messrs. Walsh I'v: Hegg, and 
though but recently in the hands of these gentlemen, 
still a wide conneciion has been established and a 
high popularity enjoyed. This business was started 
three ) ears ago by Mr. luigi ne Tee, who two years 
later was succeeded by .Messrs. Silver iV Culbert, 
who con<lucted this enterprise for n. year, when on 
March 9th of the present year Messrs. Walsh c: ISegg 
entered into possession, and it is safe to assume that 
under their able administration the interests o' patrons 
will be well looked after. The premises cov-ersome 
(juarter of an acre of ground, on which have been 
erected a well adapted building for stablinj; puiposes, 

60x25 f*^^' in dimensions, with a harness room 18x15 
feet, ami a carriage house 80x40 feet. The stables 
are capitally arranged, being well drained, lighted 
an'l ventilated, ami provided wiih every convenience 
for due care and attention to horses, while employ- 
ment is given to four exp^rieo' ed and trustworthy 
assistants. Messrs. Walsh & liegu' keep some 10 
horses for livery purposes, all f>f superior stamp, 
good goers, free from vice, and sound in winil and 
limb. The vehicles are of an e(|ually high character, 
and comprise eight stylish buggies, as well as 
pluvinns, Covered carriages, sleighs and ])leasure 
waggons. In short, both resiHents in and visitors to 
Lindsay can rely on getting a thorough good turn- 
out at this establishment. The individual members 
of ihis cojiartnership are Messrs. James IJ. Hegg and 
William II. Walsh, the latter born at Kingston 33 
)cars ago, and the former at Lindsay 26 years since. 
Mr. Walsh was in the 45th Hattalion for six years, 
ol which regiment he was Sergeant. Both gentle- 
men are capital judges of horses, and are well 
deserving of public support and patronage. 

,:. * 



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W> M> llobSOlli lamily (IriMcr, I'rovisiuns, 
I'ruits, Sfi cU, (rockery, C!hina, (i lass ware, ttc. ; 
Liivlsay Ti;u House, Kent Sircii VV»»t.- The trade 
in jjroceries consiilerud as a Uranch of coniiiiercf 
is piol)al)Iy one ol the most ini|ioriant existing in this 
country, representing as it (K)cs an iinnieti»c capital 
and furnishing employment loa va.t nunilier of peoi)le. 
In this important hrancii Lindsay is well represented, 
a leading anil old esialilished house heinj; that of Mr. 
W. M. Kohson, i)roprietor of the wellknown "Lind- 
say Ten Mouse, located on Kent Street West. Tliis 
l>usiness was established l>y Mr. Kohson twenty years 
a^o. and the premises now occu|)ied hy him were 
erected by himself, and are specially arran^jed for this 
trade, they comprise a basement anil two (lats of 
ample dimensions, every facility beinj; provided for 
the slorajje ami rapid handling of tjoods. The stock 
carried is a full and complete one, and comprises a 
line line of choice fancy and staple groceries, general 
provisions, hermetically sealed goods in tin and glass, 
condiments and table delicacies, foreign and domestic 
fruits, pure confectionery, and the usual sundries car- 
ried in a first-class house of this kiml. I'ounlry pro- 
<luce is bought and sold and in all departments 
<|uaniity and (jualily are guaranteed. Ol all articles that 
enter into our daily consumption there are none so 
hard to obtain pure in quality and (lavor as good and 
reliable teas. This necessary coinmodily is made a 
specialty of by Mr. Rohson, who has unsurpassed 
facilities for obtaining the purest produilionsofChina, 
Japan and North India, together with fragrant cotlees 
from Java, Mocha and South America. This estab- 
lishment is in this line reg^rdfil as head(|uarters, and 
its custom is drawn from all |)arts of the town and 
surroundinL' neighborhood. The growth of this house 
is only cominensuraie with the energy and enterprise 
of its pro])rietor, who is sedulously employed in main- 
taining the character of his various importations, 
which include the products of every country on the 
universe. .Mr. Rol).son is a grower and dealer in 
garden and Hour seeils, which are sold in small or 
large quantities and areguaranteed of pureand reliable 
strain, for this purpose he has five acres imder cultiva- 
tion; crockery and glassware are also dealt in. Mr. 
Rob.son was born in Ayton, England, and has been 
in Canada for twenty-seven years. He is a gentleman 
highly esteemed for strict integrity and probity, and is 
a respected citizen of Lindsay. 

Oarr'S Hotel, William street, Geo. Carr, Pro- 
prietor. — In pointing out to the public those estab- 
lishments that can with every degree of confidence be 
recommended as embodying those essentials which in 
hotels conduie to the comfort and satisfaction of 
guests, due mention must in connection with Lindsay 
be made ol Carr's Hotel, a well-known and highly 
popular hostelry, which for a number of years has 
served as a house of entertainment to the public. 
This hotel was originally started by Mr. Robert 
Murty, from whose executors it was fou'teen years 
ago ])urchased by its present proprietor, Mr. (Jeorge 
Carr, under whose able admim-tralion the standard 
of the house has been greatly elevated, with the satis- 
factory result of a materially increased patronage. 
The building is a substantial structure, with a front- 
age of lOO feet and a depth of 120 feet, and has 
some thirty spare beiiroonis, ;,pacious, airy and well 
lighted. The interior of the hotel is well appointed 
throughout ; the kitchen department is under compe- 
tent management, and t! ■ table is liberally supolied 
with choice viands and delicacies in season. There 
are convenient sitting rooms and bar, and the whole 

house has a thorough air of home comfoti that is 
especially inviting. The premises cover one acre of 
grounil, and there are Hpncioiis stables an<l sheds 
where jfX) horses can be well accommodated. A 
good business in done, Mr. Carr getting his full share 
of public i>atronage and su|>|)ort. Mr. (Jarr was 
born on the high seas when <•« loiilf from (Queens- 
town to (Quebec, having bf-en born on the broad 
Atlantic J9 years ago ; he was in the Stales for some 
time, and also in Montreal fot a number of years. 
He is a genial and popular host, and his house ig a 
thoroughly well conducted one. 

tl. A. Wllllamsoil, .Saddler, Trunks and 
Valises, opposite Daly House, Kent Street. 
Branches ; Cambray, Little Hritain, Coboconk. — 
The services of the horse enter so largely into so 
many of our commercial pursuits that the manufac- 
ture of harness .md horse furnishing goods is one of 
peculiar interest to all, and constitutes one of the 
most important branches of trade in any community. 
Among the most prominent manufacturers and 
I dealers in this line due mention must be made of Mr. 
J. A. Williamson, whose establishment is located on 
Kent Street. The store is 14x80 feet in ilimensions, 
' including a well arranged workshop in the rear. A 
large stock of all that variety of goods usuaHy com- 
prehended under the head o( harness and horse 
goods genern"v is always on hand, embracing all 
kinds of hai -, saddles, bridles and horse furnish- 
t ing goods, whips, lly-nets, combs, brushes, robes, 
; b'ankels, etc., all of whicli are sold at the lowest 
prices consistent with a living trade. A line slock of 
I trunks and valises, in all styles and at all piices, is 
[ also carried. This assortment, like the harness 
slock, is most comiilete, ami bears evidence of hav- 
ing been selected with t.iste and discriminative 
judgiTienl. Fine custom work is executed to order 
with proinptntss and in the highest style of the trade, 
while all ordeis for repairing receive every attention. 
Four skilled ami experienced hands are employed, 
only the very best of malerials are useil, and the 
goods produced by this estal)lishment will most 
favorably compare with those of any similar concern. 
This business was originally foundeii by Mr. John 
llaisley, but since 1 879 it has been in the hands of 
its present jiroprietor. .Mr. Williamson was born in 
Manilla in 1855, and came to Lindsay in 1873 ; he 
holds the rank of (Jiu irtermasier Sergeant ol the 
cJ5th Hattalion, and is an esteemed member of the 
Hoard of Trade. Mr. Williamson also has branches 
at Cambray and (.'oboconk. 

Ci Williamson, Photograiiher, opposite Chas. 

Hritton's. The present age has witnessed a rapid 

development of scientific pursuits, though but few 

arts have n) phenomenally advanced as has photo- 

' grajihy. Yet it must not be surmised that the art of 

I the photographer is alone de|)endent on scientific 

and mechanical arrangements. To produce satisfac- 

i tory and ])leasing pictures requires skill, refined 

' taste, appreciation of the laws of light and shade, a 

i perception of correct, culture, and also much 

i study and practice, as well as an exiiensive outfit and 

well arranged studio. All these requisites may be 

found at the well-known and popular photographic 

establishment of Mr. E. Williamson, whose art 

galleries are located opposite Mr. Charles Briiton's 

; in Lindsay, where he has elegantly appointed recep- 

I tion and operating rooms. This Inisiness was estab- 

j lished by Mr. Williamson seven years ago, and in 






-i«!ippp"n;<Mi.4>«>^HLi|i>.i'UqiHii, v.. 




(liat period he has fully establi-^hed his riuht to taktr 
li-atliii|; rank in this profesiiion. I lis estarilislniiciit is 
one in which every process knowiv to the art is eui- 
p'oyed, and the pictures taken arc nu>i>t admirable 
likenesses and at the same lime specimens of his 
artistic talent. There is always a softness and 
naturalness in all pictures taken Ity him. and the 
position of the subject is studic<l U< sucli a <le;;ree ' 
that there is a total lack of stiffness or '^llain(;ll pose. , 
Photographs and |>ictureN of all kinds are taken in 
the latest and l)e^t styles, every satisfaction is t;uar- I 
anteed and prices are moderate. Pictures are copietl 
and cnlary;ed, and all kinds of frames are made upon 
the premises. Mr. \Villiams(m h.-is '.ad a practical 
experience of many years, and is a true artist hy hoih 
nature and culture. He was horn in the township of 
iJavan'in 1856, and has been a resident of Lindsay 
for ihe last 10 years. 

il. Oi Edwards, (General Hardware Merchant,] 
and Carriage Hardware, Kent Street. -An important 
element of the industrial activity of a community i^ 
ill the line of hardware, which coniiirises a vast assort- 
ment of articles uf practical utility and absolute neces [ 
sity in the prosecution ol various enterprises. Amongst 
the leading hardware merchants of this section of the 
country Mr. J. (i. Kdwards lakes jirominent rank. 
His business IS an old eitablishcd and reliable one, 
having been founded by Mr. Uertram, wiio is now 
engaged in a similar line in Toronto, who was sue- j 
ceeded in Lindsay in 1880 by Mr. Kdwards. The 
l>remises occupied comprise two spacious flats and 
a basement, each 140x20 feet in iliniensions ; the first 
door is devoted to the jnirposes ol a general store, the 
.second is used for forks, spring and farm tools, while 
a. third story, 90x20 feet in size, serves fji wheel and 
carriage woodwork. The stock carried is of a most 
■comprehensive nature, and includes all kind- of shelf 
and heavy hardware, and house furnishing goods in ' 
general, comprising both table and pocket cutlery of 
;\ll the leading ami most reliai)le makes and styles. 1 
The finest quality of building hardware is always 
kept in stock, also glass, putty, paints and oils. Far- 
mers will find this a capital estal)lishment at which 
to iirocure farming tools in the way of scythes, forks, 
hoes, jiicks, .shovels and spades, as well as carpenters' 
tools of all kinds, rasps and farriers' tools. The traile 
of this house circulates all through this .'■erlion of the' 
country and supplies the wants of a numerous cl.iss of 
customers, who regatd this estalilishinent as head- 
<iuarteis for anything in the hardware line. Kvery 
attention is paid to carriage hardware. Mr. Edwards 
was born at I'eterboro' and for ten years was engaged 
in a similar enlerpriseat Uobcaygeon; his long experi- 
ence has given him a most minute knowledge of all the 
details of this business, and he has also unexceptional 
facilities for obtaining supplies on the most advan- 
tageous terms. Mr. I'klwards enii)loys a staff of com 
petent assistants, anti all orders receive the most 
prompt attention. 

A. B. Tarry, The Leading Lindsav Confectioner, 
Kent Street. The large amount of confectionery con 
sumed in this country at once constitutes this bi.anch of 
industry asan important factor in ourcommercialfi^bric, 
and some of our best appointed business houses are en- 
gaged in this pursuit. In Lindsay Mr. .V. M. Terry in- 
dubitably takes leading rank in this bu' Miess, in which 
he has been est.-bli^hed for the last three years, having 
bought out Mr. l''ari|uharson, his predecessor in this 
concern. The prelnises occupied, centrally located 
on Kent Street, are spacious and commodious, hand- 

somely fitted up and provided with every convenience 
for the accommodation of cuRtomers. The store is 
iHxCm feet in dimension*, with a well appointe<l 
bakery in the rear, 24XJ6 feet. Purity is one of the 
main es>entiaN of the clans of goods manufactured by 
this house, ancl to-day the dilticulty to obtain them 
devoid of adulteration and dc'eieriouM sub.stancen i.H 
so great, that the advantages of dealing with a house, 
whose reputation for making the best quality of goods 
is so establishetl, must be at once manifest. Mr. 
Terry manufactures a full line of confectionery, which 
has met with an appreciation due to its quality and 
for the tasteful ami attractive manner in which it is 
put up. \U supplies all lunches, suppers ami other 
social occasions with best refreshments at moderate 
prices ; a prominent specialty is made of wedding 
cakes, in tne finest and most chaste of designs, orders 
being (illi-d on the shortest notice ; cakes are iced 
and oriiamenteil, and lunches, with every delicacy in 
season, can be obtained at any hour. Oysters in 
sea.son are served in any desired style, while hot tea 
an<l coffee are on han<l at all times. This establish- 
meiit is certainly the leading one in this district, and 
it proves a great boon to the residents of the town 
an<l neighborh<iod. Mr. Terry was born in Prince 
Kdward county in iSt)0, and he has been a resident 
of Lindsay for ten years, having been for some time 
engaged in the establishment of Mr. A. Campbell, 
grocer. Mr. Terry is a young man of push and, and in every way merits the success which 
he has attained. 

J. B. KnOWlsen, Ceneral Insurance Agent 

Insurance constitutes a very important feature of 
comiiii'icial .activity and enterprise, and is now re- 
garded as an aciual necessity which no shrewd busi- 
ness man evrr neglects. One of the most enterpris- 
ing of those engaged in business as general insurance 
agents in this locality is Mr. J. \i. Knowlson, who 
has always held a leading position as a representative 
man of the town, and who transacts a large amount of 
business, placing insurance against fire upon property 
of all kinds, including dwellings, household gf)ods, 
manufacturing establishments ; also life and plate- 
glass insurance, being the authorized representative 
of some of the most iirominent and solid companies 
of the world. The rates of the companies he repre- 
sents are as low as any reliable corporation of this 
kind, and all losses are [iromptly adjusted. As these 
companies (irotect so large a portion of business men 
and citizens, it may be well to briefly notice their 
chief characteristics for public favor. The Western 
/\=surance Company of Toronto was incorporated in 
I 1S51, its charter embracing fire, marine and life ; so 
far its Inisiness has been confined to fire, and as 
proof of its progressive career its assets now amount 
to $1, 550,054.40, while it has paid losses since its 
organization up to the present time of $11,228,- 
S40.4J; the Phcenix of lirooklyn, established in 1853, 
with a cash capital of $1,000,060, and assets of 
$5,383,171.68; the Lancashire of England, founded 
in 1852, with an authorized capital of /,'3,ocx5,c)00 
sterling, doing business in both fire and life ; the 
Pho'iiix of London, one of the solid oKI companies 
I doing a solely fire insurance business, founded as far 
back as 17S2, which effects insurances in all parts of 
the w )rld : the Standard Life of Edinburgh, estab- 
lished in 1825, the total risks of which exceed the 
sum of $100,000,000, while its annual income is over 
; $4,000,000, or more than $10,000 per day ; also the 
Clasgow «.V London and the Queen Insurance 
i Company. All the above are strong financial insti- 




lulions, and ihcisc inlerestiil in insurance can net no 
better terms <>r conipnnieii than Mr. KnnwUon i« 
able to offer. Mr. Knowlion ii n ^Ltillciiian of hi|{h 
standing and l)usineHii ex|)erience, and who has a 
th<)rouj;n knowltdjjc of the »ul>jccl of insiiranic. lie 
is a native of C'aii.ula, having been born in the town- 
ship of ('a\an 54 years a^o ; lie is hi^»hly esicemed 
jn Lindsay, and has helil the position of I'own 
C'lerk for 2J years, ami also Treasurer of the town 
for 13 years. 

H« Helforf, Manuf.irturer of .-ind Dealer in nil 
Kinds of I'lunitvire and Upholstered (ioods. — The 
furnitur<' trade has in recent years been woiiderfidly 
(levcioi)ed, and the ^;ood taste displayed in the make 
and design of lloll^ehold furniture is one of the chief 
features of the prof^ress of the aj;e. One of the most 
])rominenl anum^ the old established huusi-s in the 
furniture trade in this section c)f the country is that of 
Mr. II. Iloltorf, who man\ifaclures irnd deals in all 
kinds of furniture and upholstered goods. The 
. ])remises con.sist of a handsome large budding, three 
stories in height, which i.s admirably arranged for 
manufacturing purposes and for tiie display of the 
line goods always kepi in stock ; three llat.s, each 40.\ 
20 feet in dimensions, are utili/.e<l as warerooms, 
while the fourth serves as a furnishing shop. The 
stock comprises every description ol household fund- 
ture, a specialty being made of jiarlor, drawing room, 
bedroom, dining room, hall and library furniturj, 
which is ina<iein both u odern and antique designs, in 
all the desirable, fashionable styles, upholstered in 
velvet, plush, silk, leather, etc. A number of skilled 

sable articlei of general utility in every household, 
and as such constitute* a prominent feature of com- 
mercial pursuit. A popular establishment, which has 
gained a solid reputation for the superior and reliable 
ijuality of its |{oo<ls, is that of Mr. William Foley, 
who is an extensive dealer in shelf hardware, lead, 
oil, paints, |{lass, putty, and the usual sundries of a 
hardware business. This enterprise is an oUl estab- 
lished one, having been ctmiluctid by Mr. Jamcii 
NVetherup (or nine years, who two years ago sold out 
to the present proprietor, umlcr whose able manage- 
ment tliis house has maintained the high stamlard of 
all goods dealt in. The premises nccupied comprise 
a spacious and commodious store, 4U.X75 feet in di- 
mensions, specially arranged for the conveniences ol 
this business, ami which contains a large »«sortment 
of shelf hardware of every description, tin, copper 
and sheet-iron ware ; also lamps and lam|> goods, as 
Well as the best Shellield cutlery. The business done 
by Mr. I'oley circles through a wide district, and a 
solid and steadily increasing trade is enjoyed ; all 
goods are of the .^ery best quality obtainable, and are 
such as can with every degree of confidence be re- 
commended. .Mr. Kolcy is thoroughly experienced 
in every detail of hi< business, to which he has de- 
voted many years of his life, lie was born in Mont- 
real 48 years ago, and has been a resident of Lindsay 
for 28 years ; he is a complete master of his trade, 
and all work entrusted to him will receive |)rompl 
and careful attention. 

cabinet inakeis are employed 011 the premises, and Mr. 
Iloltorf can make to order, when desire<l, any kind 
or .style of furniture or cabinetware from original 
designs or from designs furnished. This house has 
been established for twenty-live years, and by the 
extent of its operations and tiie liberal, honorable 
manner in which it is conducted, has always held a 
foremost position among the reliable furniture houses 
of the Province. In connection with this establish- 
ment, Mr. Il(jltorf also carries on a general undertak- 
ing i)usiness. lie is prepared to take the eritire charge 
of funerals, providing every retiuisile from the casket 
and mourning badges to ihe hearse and coaches. His 
wide experience and moderate charges render him a 
most pojniiar member of this profession, and he dis- 
charges his duties m a manner highly satisfactory most concerned. -Mr. Iloltorf, who is 62 
years of age, is a native of Germany, and has been a 
resident of this country for some thirty years, where 
he has won the esteem and commendation of all with 
wliom he has had business or social relations, and he 
well deserves the large ni'.-asure of success which has 
atteniled his exertions. 

Wltl. Foley, Dealer in Shelf Hardware, Lead, 
Oil, (ilass, I'utty, Nails, etc. — The trade in hardware 
comprises in its compass a large variety of indispen- 

Oraham li Laa, (irocers. — The grcnt majority 
of the nece.ssities of life, to sa;' nothing ol the 
delicacies, are comprised under the heading ol general 
groceries, hence this trade assumes in every way a 
most significant imixirtance. The amount of capital 
invested in it is immense, while lucrative employ- 
ment is furnished to a large number of hands ; hence 
this industry contributes in a marked degree 'o the 
thrift and enterprise of our country The (,'rown 
Central Orocery establishment of Lindsay, controlIe<l 
by .Messrs. (iraham iV Lee, marks (me of the chief 
commercial |iursuits of the town, and since its in- 
ception has enjoyed a liberal share of public patron- 
age and support, while its trade is steadily increasing. 
1 he premises occupied are most spacious and com- 
modious, being 76x24 feet in dimensions, with a 
warehouse in the rear 80x24 feet in size, here every 
facility and convenience is enjoyed, both (or the ac- 
commodation of stock and the convenience of cus- 
tomers. The stock carried includes a choice line of 
family supplies in the way of fancy and slap'e gro- 
ceries, which comprise general provisions, hermeti- 
cally sealed goods in tin and glass, breakfast cereals, 
condiments ami tabledelicacies, domestic and foreign 
fruits, sugars and spices, woodenware, and all articles 
legitimately belonging to this branch of trade. Teas 
and coffees are made a specialty, and s|)ecial care is 
taken to obtain these favorite essentials pure and of 

I good cpiality. The teas are the finest productions of 
China and Ia])an, while the coffees come direct from 
Java, Mocha and .South America. I'lour and feed, 
china, glassware and crockery, as well as Havana and 
donit-stic cigars, are also dealt in. The intlividual 

j members (d this copartnership are Messrs. W. H. 

I Graham and John W. Lee ; the former was born in 

I Cavan, Ireland, 27 years ago, and has been in Canada 
10 years, while the latter is a native of Lindsay, hav- 
ing been born here 25 years ago. Mr. (iraham is a 
Lieutenant in the 45th Battalion, while Mr. Lee is a 
Sergeant in the same corps and was present at 






R. KjflU, Carriam- W<trk«, I 'ainliri(lt;i' Sircfl. 
No nvicw (il ilif irminicrciiil ami maniilnctiirlnK in 
ilustrieHof I.iml'.ay would lie toiii|ili'li' v\illioul vmif 
reforfiicc to the fhlahlisliiut m nniniil al)ovc. I he 
iinnual turnover in iipwar.l, o( $io,ixx), an.l then- i, 
iiMially ir» sl.xk ahoiit $.t,«xx) worih of vt-hiilfi of 
various (li-scri|iii.)nH two (nils wliicli aie clo(|iifnt a» 
II) the lepiilatioii luiili up in ll..- seven ycari Mr. 
Kylif has heen in liusines-,, •'(lood wiric needs no 
I'lish," nor i,> it nei es>.ary to say more in this coniiec 
tion that his carriajjes are widely known, and where 
known are iiopular. As is usual in ( ana<la. thtr<- is 
a special ileniand in this nei^lilioihood for litjhl 
lnn;nies, a .leinand which Mr. Kjlie has successfully 
endeavored to supply, in or<ler to which he has in 
his employ ei^ht couipcieiit workmen, whose skilled 
labor i.s supplemented hy ilicir prinei()ars varied 
experience. Kvery convenience, every impro\euunt 
in method for the prompt and efticient lilliii); of 
orders, has lieeii furnisheil in the factory, which is 
otherwise well adapted, and which covers iioliy \o 
feel. The result is that whvllier the demand lie for 
lnif,'^ics in summer or slti^hs in winter, for a lijjiu 
waf{(,'on or a ponderous lorry, lor a -jiacious ilemocrat 
or a cosy little carria|;e, this house i^ eipial to the 
emergency. Mr. Kylie is yet l.nt .{4 years old, and 
Mi.iy the more he complimenteil on his (success. He 
is a native of Lindsay, where he ha- spent the inajoi 
p.irl o'' his life. His irade, however, he learned in 

William H. Irwin (successor to \Vm. I'.rnden). 
Manufacturer of Model, I'orce and Cistern I'umps. — 
Silu;ite on William .Street may he seen the pump fac- 
tory of .Mr. William II. Irwin, a business purcliased 
eighteen months ago liy that gentleman from the 
former proprietor, William liraden, who started it a 
ilecade before. The average resilient in large town-, 
and cities is scarcely aware to what .-in extent resi- 
dents in other localities are dependent upon pumps 
for water, both (or coiisuniption and irrigation, not to 
mention the many other purposes to which o:ie form 
or other of |)unip is applied. Whatsoever is good in 
in |)umps, however, .^Ir. Irwin is prepared to sup])ly, 
and, as the proof of the pudding is in the eating, it is 
fair to suppose he turns out a good article, as he does 
a good business and can aflbrcl to carry a large stcck 
from which purchasers can select. His trade, which 
is principally local, is carried on in 40.\I9 premises, 
with a good sized yard contiguous, and where are 
quarters for a team ol horses and a waggon. Probably 
one reason why the pmnp m.ide by this (inn is so 
popular, is because that article is the only product of 
the shop, so that the ]iroprietor and his hel|) are able 
lo give undivided attention to us careful manufacture. 
.Mr. Irwin is yet quite a young man, having been born 
in Lindsay 34 years ago. Judging, therefore, by 
what he has already accom[)lished, there is every 
reason to suppose that there is a great future before 
him as a prosperous business man in his native town. 

ila Barry, Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles, 
Harness and Trunks. — Among the prominent manu- 
facturers and dealers in saddlery and harness ware in 
Lindsay is the establishment of -Mr. f. Herry, which 
for over a quarter of a century has been -ievoted to 
'.he purposes of this business, and which during its 
long existence has ever enjoyed the most liberal sup- 
port and the fullest confidence of those who have had 
tr.-insactions with the house. The store, located on 
Kent Street, is a large and spacious one, 100x40 
feet in dimensions, including a neatly arranged work- 

»hop, furnixhcd with every cnnxcn'ence and appliance 
for ihe proHfcuiion of thi> bu-incsn. .\ fiplrndid 
Ktock is carriid of all thai vnrit ly of gomli miunlly 
comprised under the head of hnrne»s and liuriie goo<l» 
generally, imluding all kimU of harnos, sadille*, 
briilli's and hor^c furnishing goc«K, whip-., fly netM, 
combs, brushes, robes, blankets, and ,ilso a hne»iock 
of triiiiks, bans .ind valises. This latter asHorlmeht 
Is, like the harness stock, mosi complete, and bears 
evidence of having been selected with much more 
than ordinary tasic and discriminative juilgmenl. 
(•'itit custom work is executed to order with 
promiiinesH ami in the highest style of the trade, 
while all orders for repairing receive that careful anil 
expeditious attention thai its iiiiporiam e demnnds. 
I'our skilled and experienced hands are employed, 
the \ery best leather and othi r materials are used, 
and the goods proihued by tiiis establishment will 
bear most favorablt; comparison willi those of any 
similar establishinciil, while the trade extends through 
.1 wide circle. .Mr. Iterry i- a naiive of the county of 
< ork, Ireland, and has been in this country for over 
J7 years, being located 111 llelli-ville before settling 
here. He is a gentliiuan of enteiprise and energy, 
who well deserves the success he has attained. 

0«0. Matthews, I'oik I'acker, and Dealer in 
Mess I'l.rk, liacoii. Lard, Hams, S|)iced Uolls, 
llreaklast It.uon and Sausages. I'ork enters largely 
into the daily consumption of our people, and statis- 

tics .prove that there is more of this article of food 
consumed on the American continent, per capita, 
than in any other country. It will thus be seen that 
the jiacking of pork constitutes a by no means unim- 
portant factor in our commercial constitution. 
Amongst those who have gained a high reputation in 
this connection, and whose products are in con: tant 
demand in all parts of this Dominion, is Mr (ieorge 
Matthews, who has large jiacking houses at Lindsav 
and I'eterboro'. This business was originally started 
by Mr. C. L. Maker 21 years ago, whose interests .Mr. 
-Matthews bought out nine years since. The pack- 
inc ho-.isc at Lindsay is located on Cambridge .Street, 
and consists of a spacious three-story building, 1 20.\6o 
tect in dimensions, specially adaiUed for the prosecu- 
tion of a business of this kind, being provided with 
all machinery .-ind modern appliances necessary, the 
motive force being supplied by a ten horse-|)ow'er 
steam engine. Mr. .Mattnews has a most thorough 
.and complete knowledge of all that appertains to the 
proper scientitic principles of curing meats, and he 
does a large business in mess pork, bacon, larrl, hams, 
spiced rolls, breakfast bacon and sausages. The 
brand of hams turned out have a wide repute, while a 
very superior quality of lard is produced. The pack- 
ing house at I'eterboro' is conducted on even a larger 
scale than that at Lindsay, and thus .Mr. Matthews 
has every facility for promptly tilling the largest 
orders. Mr. Matthews is a native of Birmingham, 
England, where he was born 50 years ago. lie has 
been in Canada 35 years, 27 of which have been 





speril in Lindsay. Wiih a thd'.uugh nc(|iiainlance of 
all de'aiK n( his irnric, and wilh hiisincss ahilily, be 
has established an enterprise cnditahle alike to him- 
self ani 10 ll'e I wo tov i'-' in which its operations are 

W. A. Oeodwin, Cheap Room Paper and 
I'lcture Frame .Sho|), Kent Street There is nothing 
which ailds sf> miieh to the comfort and adornment 
of a house as the jiidi:ii)iis adniinislralion of the 
. brusli of the p.iinier and {gilder, to say nothing of the 
decorations of the walls of rooms by the artistically 
desi(;recl |)apers now mnniifactiiied. A j^reat ad- 
vancenieiii has, in the present j;eneralion, been made 
in interior decoralions, and it would be haril to de- 
cide whether ill the outward appearances of buildings 
or in the nrnameniatioti of the interior the greater 
progress hiis been maile. In this connection tlie , 
services of Mr. W. A. Cloodwin are in constant re , 

quest. This gentle- 
man has for the past 
quarter of a century 
carried on a tliriviiig 
business in painting, 
<tQ WW lii itlOV^ MKa^ gilding and ornamental 
-'"^" ™ W^^ in^^ paper hanging, etc., 

and also now deals in 
room |iaper and picture 
frames. This liranch 
of industry was founded 
by liim iS years ago, 

and since that period a 

steadily increasing trade has been enjoyed. 'I'he prem- 
ises iccupied, conveniently locattd on Kent Street, 
cr^miiise two spacious flats 20x50 feet in dimensions, 
where every facility is enjoyed for tlie prosecution of 
thi.s business, and employment is given to four com- 
petent assistants. Tliese flats aie connected by an 
elevator for the convenience of handling g'ass. 
motddings, etc. A specialty is made of banner paint- 
ing and jiicture framing, which are produced in the 
highest degree oi the art, in all designs, styles and 
shapes, and which are sold at the most reasonable 
rates ; in fact, less than city prices. Mr. Goodwin 
also carries a fine line of pictures, engravings, etc., 
the works 01 reproductions of well-knosvii artists ; 
also mirrors and wall papers, ooih of Canadian and 
F'"orcign manufacture. .Mr. Coodwin was born at 
Spalding, Lincolnshire, lOngland, 47 ) ears ago. He 
has been jO years in this country, four of which 
weio spent at Cobourg and adhere. During his long 
business career Mr. (ioodwin has e\er sedulously 
stuilied the best inteiests of his patrons, and all work 
executeo under his management uiay be regarded as 
reliable in ev ry way. 

Dennis O'Connell, Blacksmith, Lindsay St.— 
There are few branches of trade whose operations are 
of so com[)rehpnsive a nature, and at the same lime 
of such general utility, as those of -the blacksmith. 
In the advance and development of a country it will 
be found that the forge ol the blacksmith is the first 
institution ol the village that may afterwards I des- 
tined to bud into a thriving or city, an-i in all 
communitiL's the .services of the blacksniiih are in 
constant demand In this lin'' Mr. Dennis O'Connell 
takes a leading position, and though he has been but 
comparatively recently established, yet the reliable 
nature of his work, combined with his prompt atten- 
tion ill the execution of orders, have conduced to a 
Inrge and permanent trade, which is of a steadily in- 
ceasing nature. His premises are located on Lind- 

say .Street, and comprise a spacious and conrmodious 
forge, 3014c feet in dimcnsioiis. provided with modern 
tools and all necessary appliances for the efficient 
prosecution of all kinds of work in the blacksmith's 
line. Mr. O'Connell gives employment to two as- 
sistants thoroughly experiencetl in the business, but 
personally superiniends all operations, thus ensuring 
most eflieient workmanship. Nime but the best of 
materials are used, and all work is turned out in the 
highest ])erfection of mechanical skill. .Special at- 
tention is given to horse-shoeing, jiarlicularly to 
horses having ill-formed or abnormal feet, Mr. (J'C'on- 
iiell shoeing on the most scientific principles. Mr. 
O'Connell is a native of West Ciwillimbury, county 
of .Simcoe, where he was born 36 years ago ; he 
learnt his trade at Orillia, aiid is a thorough |iraciical 
and scientilic tradesman. He has also a large busi- 
ness in Atherley village, where he carries on cairiage 
works, blacksmithing, elc. 

William MaoKay, Merchant Tailor.- It is no 
uncommon tiling for would-be wiseacres to sneer at 
the man who is careful about his dress. We are told 
by ihese good people that "a man's a man for a' 
that;" that appearance is no criterion ; that only 
dudes care about fashion, and so on. just the reverse 
is the truth. The intellectual man who dresses in a 
slovenly style and yet wins respect, does so in spite 
of his carelessness, not because fif it. Many a num- 
skull has won his way to social or commercial suc- 
cess because he knew how to dress. It is not given 
to all of us to understand the true science of dressing, 
and just here is where the advice and assistance of a 
good tailor comes in. Mr. MacKay would not be 
the happy possessor of so good a business did he not 
realize these facts. He has only been twelve months 
in his present iireniises, yet ip that short period he 
has made for himsell a reputation as well as a good 
trade. Thanks to his pluck and energy, he now 
gives eni]iloyment to eight hands, who are kept con- 
stantly busy making ordered clothing for the local 
market. This staff, together wilti tlie sewing ma- 
chines operated by some of them, may be seen daily 
and busily engaged in the shop and workroom, pre- 
mises covering 60x15 ^^'-'^- ^I""' MacKay has had a 
varied experience, an invaluable qualification in a 
tailor. Born in Kdinbuigh, Scotland, ;n 1S51, he 
learned his business in the Modern Athens, after- 
wards going to the United States, through which he 
travelled extensively, finally settling in th.; [jromisiiig 
town of Lindsay some four years ago. 

Lindsay Planing Mills, Gee Ingle & Co., 

Manufacturers of Doors, Sash, Window Blinds, 

Mouldings etc. — This is one of the busieit and most 

important firms in i^indsay. The principals are Geo. 

' Ingle, born in Port Ilrpehalf a century ago, and J. 

P. Ryley, a native ol Bethany and 28 years of age. 

The senior partner, in conjunction with Mr. George 

Matthews, established the business in 1S72, but the 

latter retired in 1882. from w'liich date until March, 

1883, Mr. Ingle ran the concern alone. .Since then 

the style of the firm has been as now. By dint of 

\ steady application and judicious enterprise, a very 

I extensive trade has been built up, and the anntial 

1 output of doors, sashes, frames, mouldings aud plan- 

ings, noi to mention their many other mEnufactures, 

; is speaking testimony to the business aptitude of the 

I firm. This industry is likewise of great value to the 

town, as giving employment to 14 hands and two 

'. horses. The premises consist of two buildings, each 

; two stories in height, the one 87x45 feet, the other 





40x65 feet. A 30 horse-iinwer engine supplies mo- 
tive ])ower to the foliowint; improved machinery : | 
surface planer, two rip saws, hand saw, threesidtd ' 
sticker, matcher, one-sided sticker, crosscut saw, 
buzz planer, shaper. panel raiser, and other appliances . 
necessary to ihe class of work done. In all, there , 
are 18 machines in the factory, the busy hum from 
which i.s elotpient of the ceaseless activity displayed , 
in the production of the several specialties lor which ' 
this firii' is .so widely and so favoral)ly known. Mr. 
Ingle has occu|iied the honorable position of I)LUUly ' 
Reeve of Lindsay, and has done duty as a niemhei "f 
the Town Council. 

Hurley & Brady, Dealers in Croceries, Pro- 
visions, Grain, Crockery, Classware,!' lour and I'eed. 
Probably there is no business that has had a more rapid 
growth than that of groceries, and this increase must be 
largely ascribed to the enterprise and efforts of those 
connected with the trade and who have made its 
extension a life study. In its jjvesent comprehensive 
nature this business ii eludes the ])roducts ofe.rv 
country in the world, in which are comprised a gi at 
majority of the necessities, to say nothing of tb.e deli- 
cacies of our every-day life. Among the popular 
grocery cstablishinenis of Lindsay there are none 
enjoying a better reputation than that of Messrs. Hur- 
ley iVr Hrady, of Kent Street, whose store is one of th^ 
conspicuous features on this thoioiighfare. This 
b isiness was established by Mr. Hurley two year.-, ago. 
and so successful has been tlie result of his well 

directed efi'orts, that he has in that jieriod built up a 
trade the annual transactions of which amount to 
$40,000, and which are steadily increasing. The 
premises occupied for business purposes com [rise a 
spacious store and basement, each 100x30 feet in 
dimensions, finely fitted up and jirovided with every 
convenience for business jiurposes, and contain the 
tinest lines of choice fancy and staple groceries, in- 
cluding canne<l goods of all kinds, breakfast cereals, 
sugars, spices, condiments and table delicacies, as 
al A) fresh produce. This spring Mr. Iir.';(ly,a promi- 
nent grain merchant in Lindsay, was admitted into 
partnership and the two lines of business amal- 
gamated. .Special attention is i)aid to teas and 
coffees, and in this stock will be found the tinest 
brought into this country, as the lirni possess 
unsurpassed facilities for prociiiing their supply direct 
from leading importers and can oiler iixiucements 
that cannol readily be obtained elsewhere. .Since its 
inception this house has always e:ijoyed a steadily 
increasing patronage, and is to-day one of the most 
prominent groceries in the town. The firm also 
deal in crockery and glassware, ""nd carry tine 
grades of lamilv Hour and mill feed • . II kinds. In 
everydepartmenl they make strenuou. efforts to main- 
tain the highest standard of -juality in all their goods, 
and a discerning public know how to a|iiireciate so 
consistent a jiolicy. Mr. Hurley was born in ("obourg 
in I .Ss2, and iias been a resident of Lindsay for the 
last twelve years, where he is well known and 
esteemed. Mr. Hrady is a native of Linds-.iy, and is 
a highly esteemed member of the commur.i y. 


:;: i 


In 1814 the village now known as Millbrook was first settletl. It is locateil in Cavan township, in 
Durham county, on the Division of the CWand Tim:1 Railway, at the junction of the Peterboro' 
branch. It is situated on a creek, which supplies power t flour, saw, oatmeal and woollen mills and a 
tannery, while grain, lumber and produce are shipped. Millbrook is 25 miles north-west ofCobourg, which 
is the county seat. It onta ns two pub'ic schools, with excellent stafTof teachers, and the average attend- 
ance of scholars is about 325. There is a fine town hall, having a seating capacity for 400, while the financial 
affairs of the village are attended to by two banks, and the news of the world is noted weekly by the A/is- 
setv^'cr. To look after the spiritual aflairs of the people, there are Methodist, Lpiscopal and Presbyterian 
churches, which are well attended and liberaliv supported. Millbrook incorporated as a village in 
i8^j, and has a population of a little over 1,300. The assessed valuation of real and personal property is 
$iSo,ooo, with a bonded indebtedness of .$2,000. Stages run daily to Cavan, Ida, Mount Pleasant, South 
Monaghan, Baillieboro, Bcwdley and Glamorgan. The Great Norlh-Western T.-legraph Company and 
the Canadian Express Company have offices here, and a mail is received daily. 

R. Deysll, China Hall, Groceries, etc., corner 
King and Tupper Streets. -It is almost wonderful to 
contemplate the magnitude which the grocery trade 
has attained in this country, when compared to the 
limit to which it was circumscril)ed a few years ago. 
This trade, comprising as it does so many of the 
actual nece.ssities of life in our daily existence, is a 
most important one in any community, and as house- 
keepers well know there is too often a vast diflerence 
in the quality of goods kept and sold by the various 
establisiiments. It is the object of this work to point 
out only such as are representative and reliable, and 

as such the house of .Mr. Robert Deyell is one that at 
once commends itself for favorable notice. This 
business is an old established one, having been 
founded fifteen years ago by its present proprietor, 
and since its inception at that period, it has steadily 
increased in popular favor, and its development has 
been attained by a steady and progressive growth. 
The premises, conveniently located at the corner of 
King and Tupper Streets, coni'-ise a well arranged 
store, 50x25 f^eet in dnnensions, with an ample store- 
room of similar size. The stock comprises a fine 
selection of amily supplies in the line of choice, 




(iiTicy and staple groceries, general provisions, lier- 
meticallysc.ilcd goods in tin and glass, condiments and 
tai)ie delicacies, the finest grades of China and Japan 
teas, with fragrant coffees from Java, Mocha and 
South America, and in short, the inniiiiierrilile, but at 
the same lime useful, articles tha( go to make up a 
first-class grocery establishment. Seeds of all kinds, 
pure and of the finest strains, are also dealt in. A 
prominent feature of this business is the tine stock of 
china and glassware carried, which is one of the liest 
and most comprehensive outside of the metropolitan 
cities. This slock includes all kinds of imported 
china and glassw.i'i.', I'rench, P'nglish and other 
foreign goods of the tin si (|uality, comprising every- 
thing desired in this class of goods. .Mr. Deyell 
spares no efforts im his pari to keep all de]i:irtments 
of lii.-. business uv to the very highest standard, and as 
a consetpuTce ol' this conservative policy he has 
secured a sub.stantial and permanent trade. He was 
born in the township of Smith, county if I'etcrliorough, 
42 years ago, and is a grandson of John Deyell, l'".sr|., 
who sellled in the town>hii) of Cavan in the year 
1817, of which Millbrook is the principal town. He 
has been a resident of the phicc over 30 years. He 
is a gentleman highly respe( led in all circles, and has 
been foremost in supporting any measure lor the 
welfare of the town. He is an esteemed member of 
the Town Council. 

J. T. ClarkOt bweiler ami Watchmaker. — In no 
direction has there been a more marked improvement 
than in the iiianulactureof line watches and jewellery, 
while the facilities at hand have enabled producers to 
turn outsuiierior articKs at greatl)' reduced jirices and 
thus have put reliable lime keeper.^ within the reach 
of every one. This branch of b'l^iness opens u|) a 
wide field of enterprise, and ainongst those who in 
.Millbrook have recently entered on this piusuit is 
Mr. J. T. t'larke. This business was tirsl started by 
.\lr. A. K. Richardson, who a few months since was 
succeede<l by the present prt)prietor. The store oc- 
cupieil, though of no great dimensions, is vet compact 
and neat, and is handsomely fitted up with a line 
stock of jewelleryand watches, in tlie>eliction of which 
more than ordinary care and discernment have been 
displayed. The stock comprises g(jld and :ilver 
watches, of English, .Swiss and American manufacture, 
i plain and fancy cases, and which in their 
..iriety must suit both the tastes and pockets of the 
most fa.stidious. King.s set in precious stones of all 
kinds, chains, lockets, clocks and fancy articles of 
every description, speciallv adapted for wedding and 
birthday presents, are to be seen in profuse arrange 
nienl. A full line of W.^ltham watches is carried ; 
these goods, for general excellence and the low ])rices 
charged, cannot be excelled by any other make. .Mr. 
Clarke makes a specialty of repairing watches and all 
kinds of jewellery, and also manufactures to order in 
both golil and silver ; he also tloes engraving. Mr. 
Clarke was born at Cobourg twenty-two years ago, 
and is a gentleman thoroughly experienced in his 
business, who well deserves all the success that may 
attend his well directed efforts. 

■ ■ Ea Noedham, Pianos, Organs, Sewing Ma- 
chines and Agricultural Implements. Music occu- 
pies a very prominent part in the arts, but music is 
comparatively pwei less without mechanical aids to 
give il expression, and from old Tubal Cain to the 
present time no instruments have ever been so uni- 
versally used as the piano and the organ, which may 
now be said to have attained what is apparently their 

highest development. If one business more than 
another reveals the progress of a community in high 
and civilizing arts, it is that of the piano and music 
dealer. In Millbrook, Mr, I. E, Needham has in 
a great measure been instrumental in fostering this 
art and conducts a live business as a dealer in piano.-, 
and organs, these being the productions of leading 
i manufacturers, selected with the greatest c.tre and 
di/ tnment. Kvery attribute that a musician could 
! crt. e is embodied in these magnificent instnimenis, 
each being the result of many years of patient experi- 
^ meiits by thoroughly competent and enthusiastic 
workers in the cause. I'ianos can no longer be con- 
' sidered articles of luxury, ihey row constitute a neces- 
sity in almost every household, and as is the case 
' wlthmostother articlesthe best is always thccheapesi. 
The best draws out and develujis a natural taste fcr 
I music, whereas the mediocre or indifferent suiltifus 
land drives it 'jack. Mr. Needham has been estab 
I lished in this business for the las! live years, and occu- 
pies spacious premises adn.^rably adnnted for the 
] prosecution of this business, which 1.. addition to 
! pinnos and organs comprises sewing machines and 
' agricultural implements. The sewing machines are 
1 the celebrated productions of tlie Wan/.er (.Company, 
: so well and favorably known in all parts ol the 
civili/ec' ,vorld, and which embody all those essentials 
that find favor with the public, namely, almost silent 
I operation, a wide and comprehensiv'e range of work 
and general economy. Farmers and olheis in need 
of agricultural implements can secure such on most 
I advantageous terms through the medium o*" .Mr. 
Needham. The organs are from the famous Tlu)ma<' 
I organ factory. .Mr. Needham was born in .\lanche>- 
1 ler, Kngland, and has been a resident of Canada for 
fifteen years. .Since he has been in .Millbrook he has 
ever idenlilied himself «ith the best interests of the 
[ilace, alw-ay fa\(iring any moNenienl that hod lor its 
object the " elfare of his fellow citizens. 

Joh.-I Oilloitf Cabinet Maker J'nderlaker, 
(iillof's Block. The attention that has been given 
: to the production of tine furni.ure in this country 
during the past few years has developed the fact that 
i Canadian skill and inventive genius are (|uile as suc- 
cessful in this industry as they ha\e proved in many 
others. Of the marked iniptovement '' the culture 
; and general good taste of the i)u;i'''- no more con- 
vincing jirool is to be found than yy a visit to an 
establishment such as that conducted by Mr. tohn 
GMIott, and a comparison made of the furniture 
shown at this house with the very best of 20 years 
I ago. This business is an old established one, having 
! been founded by Mr. (Jillott 27 years ago, and during 
the long |)eriod of iis existence it has ever maintaine(l 
; a high repulaiion for the-atall-times reliable standard 
ol the goods dealt in, while a recorcf of over a (piarter 
of a century for straightforward and honorable 
transact! ins in business is one of which any person 
might feel ]iroud. The premises occupiecl by Mr. 
I (lillott comprise three stores, with a frontage of 56 
] feet and a dejith of 80 feet, admirably arrarged and 
' e(iuipped with every necessary ajipliance for ihe 
I prosecution of the business. The warerooms are re- 
plete with an extensive stock of parlor and chamber 
j furniture, sofas, chairs, tables and all kinds of cabinet 
work, in fact everything thai will add in any manner 
to the elegance and comfort of home. Employment 
is given to a staff of competent as.= slants, and all 
kinds of furniture made to order in tl ■ most satisfac- 
tory and efficient manner. In connection with this 
department, Mr. Gilloll also conducts an undertaking 





II to 


1 are 




business ; he lakes the entire charf^e of funerals, |)ro- 
viiling every re'iuisite, from the casket ami mouniinjj 
badges up to providing hearse and CDaches; a stock 
of coffins and shrouds is always in hand. His wide 
expericnceand moderate ch.-vrgc, lilieialityand honor 
render him one ot the popular meiuhers of the 
profession ."ind he lias ileveloped a wide connection, 
extending to a radius <i( lifteen miles. Mr. (iilloti is 
prepared to furnish coffins and caskets of all sizes and 
(jualities, wliich come within the reach of all, while 
every facility is afforded for the due and decorous 
performance of the last otiices to the dead. Mr. ( dl- 
iott is a native of South Lincolnshire, l",nj;land, 
where he was horn 50 years ago, hut for the greater 
part of his life he has lived in MilUirook, where he is 
well known as an upright and honorable business man. 
His son, Mr. Walter W. (iillott, is a Sergeant in the 
^rd Prince of Wales I )ragoons. 

Queen's Hotelt S. Crocker, i'roprielor. There 
is nothing which so effectively marks the progre-s 
and development of a city or town as the establishment 
of good holels, and in ihis line .Millbrook marks the 
develo])ment she has attained by the institution of 
several desiralde houses of entertaimneni for the 
travelling public and others, .\inongst ihe |)opular 
hotels of the town <lue mention must be made of the 

"Queen's," wliich under ilie able administration of 
its present popular proprietor, Mr. S. Crocker, has 
attained a well deserved reputation and has become 
a favorite resort for who desire a house of ac- 
commodation with the <|uiel and comforts of a home. 
This business was recently bought by Mr. Crocker 
fr>)ni the former proprietor, Mr. Raper : the hotel is a 
substantial compact building, possessing eighteen 
bedrooms, spacious, well lighted and ventilated, and 
comfortably heated in the cold weather. The dining 
room has ample seating accommodation for a large 
number, the table is always liberally supplied with 
choice viands and delicacies in season, the culinary 
d -liartment being under exjierienced management. 
There are also cosy sitting and smoking rooms, a 
well appointed billiard room and a ba'' well stocked 
with choice native and imported wines, li(|uors and 
ales, as well as cigars of well-known and jioiiular 
i)raii<ls. Mr. ('rocker, though a young man, has 
had consic'erable hotel experience and is possessed of 
lI;ose essential i|iialities which go to make a host 
])opular and esteemed. He was born in Millbrook 
twenty two years ago, and visitors to this house may 
rely on no eiforls b.'ing spared on his part to make 
them thoroughly at home and comfortable, while the 
rates iliarged are most reasonable. There is good 
stabling accommodation in connection. 


:) ': 


Jieautifully situated at the mouth of the lieaver river, in Thorali township, < )ntario count)', the village 
of Beaverlon lies. It is on tlie main line of the Midland Division of the Crand Trunk Railway. The 
Heaver river gives liood water power, which has been utilized by several mahufacturing concerns, such as 
flour an! woollen mills, a tannery and several other industries, giving employment to a number of people. 
The village is 45 miles north of Whitby, which is the county seat, and is 74 miles north-east of Toronto. 
It contains a little over 1,000 of a iiopulation, which is rapidly increasing. The religious affairs of the 
inhabitants are looked aftei by i-resbylerian, lijiiscopal. Catholic and Methodist churches, which are 
lib-rally supported. There is a public school ; a 'ibrary, contu'ning 200 volumes ; a iniblic hall, with a 
seating capacity for 500 ; a bank, and the K.x/>ress, a weekly newsjiaper. The products shipped consiAof 
leather, yarn, tile, brick. Ilour, grain and produce. The assessed vaUiation of real and personal property 
is $148,000. There is a daily mail, and the Canadian Kxpress has an office here, as has also the Great 
North-Western Telegraph v'ompany. The business men of Heaverton are a progressive and enterprising 
class, and it is not too much to exjiect that within the next five years the population of the pl.ace will have 
doubled, and the business industries materially increased. 

Beaverlon Roller Mills, I n/.:^on \' Campbell, 

Proprietors, Merchant Millers. - Ph.- milling business 
forms one of the most imi.ortanl industries of our 
country, and engrosses the attenlio.i of many of our 
most prominent business men. Tlu I'.eaverton Roller 
Mills have in no small degree helpen to spread abroad 
the fame of this town as a manufacturing centre, and 
have produced brands of Hour that have a standard 
reputation on the market, and which lind a ready 
.sale in all parts of the Domiiiicm. These mills were 
originally built by Mr. j. A. Proctor twelve years ago, 
and were operated by him till two years ago, when 
his interests were bought out by ;he present proprie- 
tors, Messrs. Dobson ..V Campbell. These mills 
consist of a subslanlial structure, four stories in height. 
50x60 feel in dimensions, which is fitted and eipiipped 
with the most improved roller process machinery, the 

motive force being supplied by a 50 horse-power 
engine. The mills have acajiacityofone hundred barrels 
a day, and for economy in running and excellence of 
proilucts cannot be surpassed. The Hour jiroduced 
by the roller process is universally conceded to be in 
every respect superior to that produced under the old 
system, and a specialty of this establishment is strong 
bakers family Ilour, which for stiength, color and 
])urity is the ecpial of any on the market. Mr. 
Dobson is patentee and sole owner of The Dobson 
Patent flour Dresser, designed lo lake the place of all 
other bolts in the mill, being capable of handling all 

' classes of slock. This machine is a circular cylinder, 
with a series of slats forming buck-is, each one 
separate from the other and so arranged .is lo dis- 
tribute the meal over a large portion of the silk, and 

I when working to lull capacity will carry a portion 






over the top and drop it on the going down side, and 
the air spaces between each bucket give the meal a 
much fr';er action on silk than can he found in any 
other l)olt, thus giving tliis reel a very great capacity 
with the slow speed of the ordinary bolt, thus doing 
away with the objectionable harsh treatment found 
in the use of other reel.' There is also attached to 
the reel a revolving brush, by means of which the 
silk is always free, relieving the miller from the 
annoyance of brushing, and as a rebolier this machine 
has no e(|ual. Parlies adopting this bolt will save at 
least one third of space and one-third of power and 
one-third of money in building or remodelling mills. , 
To responsible parties and intending |)urchasers thirty 
Jays' trial will be given. The individual members of 
this firm are Mr. Alexander Dubson, born in Peebles 
shire, Scotland, i.i 1857, and who has been in C'anada 
since iiS73, and Mr. Archibald Campbell, born near 
Oshawa, forty years ago ; both are gentlemen of wide 
experience, and as may be seen at once from iheir 
enter])rise, stand |)re-eminent in the special dejiart- 
ment of industry to which they have given their 
attention, while they largely aid in lb.>tering the 
general ^ood Mr. (.'aiiipbell is a member of the 

The Hamilton House, A. Hamilton, Pro- 
prietor. — A very importaiil eonsiileraticin in connec- 
tion with all places is desiraiile hotel accommodation, 
and on no point is the public more anxious to be in- 
formed as to those ho'els which emi)ody tho>e requi- 
sites essential to comfort and conxenience. In !5eaver- 
ton theleading hotel i.-, che Hamilton I louse, ai.d visitors 1 
to this popular liosttlry will (ind it well deserving cif ' 
the high reiailalion it now enjoys. This house is an 
old established one, having been founded by its 
present proprietor, Mr. A. Hamilton, twenty one 
years ago, an<l since that period its history has been 
one of continual progress and increased [irosperily. 
The building is a substantial structure, three stories in 
height, 42x66 feet in dimensions, and has twenty bed- 
rooms for the accommodation of guests; these looms 
are sjiacious, well lighte<l and ventilated and are well 
furnished throughout. The dining room is 42x1^ 
feet, and has am])le sealing cajtacity for a large num- 
ber of gui;.5ts, while the table is always liberally siip- 
pllpd with the choicest of viands and delicacies in 
season. A well app-.)inted bar is attached as well as 
spacious stable room. In connection with this 
house is the Alexandria Hall, with seating capacity 
for 500, which is used for concerts and entertain- 
ments. In every way this hotel commends itself to 
travellers and others as one suggestive of home 
comforts, and one where every effort is shown 
to satisfactorily ]iiovide for the wants olgitests. Mr. ; 
Hamilton, who is the owtier of this property, was ! 
born in Toronto fifty years ago, makes a genial and 
obliging host, and '^ popular with all who know him. 

D. McNabb, Dealer in Sltple and l'"ancv Dry 
tioods, Groceries, ReadyMa ie Clothing, etc. — ! 
Beav.;rlon has a number of comprehensive establish 
menls that in ihe'r wide j:\i.^e o( enterprise include 
.several of ilie most im])ortant briitiches of commercial 
pursuit. A'liongst these li.e Toronto House, the 
proprietor of wiiicli is Mr. D McNabb, takes promi- 
nent rank. This well-knov\n l.ouse has for a num- 
ber of years been <ievoted to th? sale of staple and 
fancy dry goods, groceries, readv-niude clothing, 
hats, caps atid gents' furtil.-iiings. ind in that direction 
has materially contri'nited to ll.e wants and reipiire- 
msiits of a large linmber of residents in this section. 

and has throughout maintained a solid reputation for 
! straightforward business dealings in all transactions. 
, This establishment has been under the administration 
I of Mr. McNabb for the last nine years, a gentleman 
I of wide commercial experience, who is well fitted for 
i a business of this kind. The store is 40x24 feet in 
dimensions, and here is to be found a line selection 
of staple and fancy dry goods, of foreign and domes- 
tic manufacture, chosen with a thorough knowledge 
of the wants of this community, ami which includes 
a full variety of dress goods and ladies' hosiery and 
underwear. The groceries, staple and fancy, com- 
, prise the usual family supplies included under these 
heading.'?, all being of good ((uality, a special regard 
being paid to teas and coffees. Ready-made clothing, 
suitable for men, boys and children, made in the 
newest i)ai ferns and in the latest styles, can be ob- 
tained here on the most reasonable terms; while the 
supply of gents' furnishings, in the line of Hne shins, 
neckwear, liosiery, c tfl's and collars, is in every re- 
spect ,. full and complete one. Mr. McNabb was born 
in Beaverton, ^^ years ago ; he has had a varied busi- 
ness experience, and prior to establishing himself in 
this place, he for many years lesided in Harrie. He 
is a gentleman of enterprise and pusii, and as such 
will succeed in business life. 

dames Cameron, Hardware and .Stove 
Emporium, Paints and Oils. —The trade in hardware 
is an important one, and in its comprehensive range 
includes a wide variety of articles that are of daily 
necessity. The leading business in Beaverton in 
this connection is that of Mr. James Cameron, who 
owns a large hardware and stove emporium, and 
does a trade in the articles connected therewith 
that circulates widely in this section. This business 
has been in active operatit)n under .he administration 
of its present |)roprietor for the last seventeen years, 
and during the whole of his career Mr. Cameron 
has ever enjoyed the highest of reputations for 
straightf(;r\vard and honorable dealings. The 
premises utilized for this business comprise three flats, 
42x26 feet in dimensions, and are completely stocked 
with ranges, parlor and cooking stoves and house- 
furnishing goods of every kind and vilue, besides a 
large stock of general hardware, including tin, sheet 
iron, copper and brass goods, paints and oils ; also 
lamps ano lamp gijods in general. All goods are of 
the very best obtainable quality imported from lea<l- 
ing English manufacturers. Cash is paid for wool, 
sheep-skins and raw furs, the highest market ])rices 
being given. In addition to this pursuit Mr. Cameron 
also holds the position of ]iostmaster, tilling this 
important jiust with credit to himself and with 
satisfaction to all concerned. Mr. Canieron is a 
native of Heaverton, having been born here forty 
years ago ; he has ever taken an active interest in 
any movement having tor its object the welfare of 
hi.s fellow citizens, and is personally highly esteemed 
by all who know him. lie is Secretary-Treasurer 
! of ihe .School Board. 

Wm, Smifh, Beaverton Foundry, Iron Founder, 
.Nianiifaciurer o' Implements, etc., c'c— In present- 

i irg a coni|iilation of condensed fact: 

i abroad the ri-sonrces and enl..'i ui !-■■ 

. tow-n of Peaverton, it is coi -.iil >i'.,i 

I the nature of this work *'•> r; ''; 
dustries which exert e: -ler ■! intl,en 

. merciai siandiic of th,. town and 
chief mani'facn I ;i; pursuit in the 

I Mr. Wni. .Smith, ,■ opiietor of the ISeaver,, n i'oun- 

;. X. •■1.1' t ."^Id 
of the ihriiiiJ 
, -x.-paliiiie will! 

.It til ih 1S<' lit 

1' ip >v, (It- cuu:- 
1 i ,vi 'oe. The 
tow 14 i> hai of 


is : 



dry, which has been in active oixralion under the 
management of this gentleman fur the last i6 years. 
The buildings occupied for this important pursuit 
cover half an acre of ground, the foundry being sup- 
plied with the most Tnodern machinery and appli- 
ances that will best facilitate the prosecution of this 
work. Modern civilization owes nuich to the art of 
melting and casting of metals. It is impossible to 
estimate the amount of labor and capital, as well as 
material, saved by the substitution of cast-iron and 
other inetal work in the place of wrought, The 
enterprise of Mr. Smith has built u|i a very im- 
portant concer/l, svhich takes a justly primiinent .ank 
amongst the industric- of the Province of Ontario. 
Employment is (iirnishcd to a staff (jf froui 15 to 20 
hands, who are actively engaged in the manufacture 

of implements and iron work of all kinds, castings in 
every shajie are made to order, and repairing is 
promptly atteniled to. The motive force is sujiplied 
by a 20 horse-power engine, ami tin- (jroducts of this 
establishment have a standard reputation, the trade 
extending through all parts of the Province. Agri- 
cultural implements of all kinds are turned out in the 
highest degree of mechanical skill, wliile a .specialty 
is made of (lour mill machinery, son.c of our most 
notable mills having been tilted up with machinery 
fro 11 the Beaverton Foundry. Mr. Smith was born 
in Montrose, .Scotland, in 1835, and has been in this 
country for iS years. He p(/sse.-ses in a marked de- 
gree that energy and enterprise that is so character- 
istic of the native Scot, and is a gentleman of high 
executive business abilitj'. 


One of the most beautifully situated towns in central Ontario is Orillia, which is located on the shores 
of Lake Couchiching nenr its junction with Lake Simcoe. It was tirsl settled in iSji, and in 1867 was 
incorporated as a village, ami in 1S74 it received its charter as a town, and now has a population of 4,000. 
It is in Orillia township, county of Simcoe, and is on the Midland division of the Grand Trunk Railway. It 
contains numerous manufacturing industries, such as saw and Hour mills, carriage factories, tanneries, foun- 
dries, etc. Il has churches belonging to the following denominations : Episcopal, liaptist, Methodist, 
IVesbyterian and Caiholic, and its eilucational interests are conserveil by two public sch lols, with an 
efficient staff of teachers. The Mechanics' Institute is well supported, and has a library ot 1,600 volumes. 
A public hall for lectures, meetings and entertainments has a seating capacity for 500. It contains two 
chartered hanks and three weekly newspapers, the Pack't'/, Times and Ne-a's Liifcr, as well as the CaiuuHun 
[Vorkman, which is the organ of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, which is a monthly publication. 
The bonded iniiebtediiess of the town is $431,260. This is a popular summer resort, and has an excellent 
water supply and an etiicient tire department on the volunteer system. The Ontario .•\sylum for the Insane 
is also located here. 

M. J. Herbert, Hrewcr. The would-be wise; 
legislators who would make men temperate by com- 
pulsion and the Scott Act are Iteginning to see that 
they have " taken the wrong bull by the horns," and 
that the .Scott Act towns have earned an unr iviable 
record for drunkenness, owing to more whiskey being 
drunk, being more easily obtained, and it is antici- 
pated that soon the law will be changed, permitting 
the sale of the more temperate beers and wines, and 
this is as it should be. Among those engaged in th. 
brewing industry in Orillia i> Mr. M. J. Herbert. 
Mr. Ilerbei was formerly of the tirm of Heniert iV 
Clarke, who succeeiled the lountler, Mr. Farrall fcnir 
years ago, and two years since he assumed full con- 
trol of the business. The brewery has a frontage i)f 
50 feet with a depth of 200 feet, and is three stories ^ 
in height, being fitted up with all the most complete 
brewing appa.atus, with an engine of 40 horse-power, 
and having a brewing capacity of 2,000 gallons per 
week, emnlf)ymenl being furnished to six competent , 
hands. Mr. Heibert is a native of Tenterden, Kent 
Co., England, where he was born 33 years ago, ar^d | 
came to Canada in 18S3, when he started m his 
present business. Mr. Herbert is a thorough-going 
business man, and has a complete knowledge of the 
brewing business, so that the j rodiu't of his brewery j 
is of the very highest ([uality, and health-giving in its 
nature, nothing but the best and purest materials 
being used. 

W. OaskJn, TJaker and Cdnfectioncr, etc, Peter 
Street. — There is no trade ( r business of more im- 
portance to the community than that of the baker. 
Dread is the siidfof life, and is the most necessary 
article of all our food supplies. Prominently identi- 
fied with this branch of trade in Orillia is Mr. W. 
daskin, who.e--)hop is located on Peter .Street. This 
Inisiness was established 28 years ago by Mr. Frost, 
who, after conduclirg it for a quarter of a century, 
was succeeded by the present proprietor. The 
bu.siness since the dale of its inception has ever 
enjoyed a liberal patronage, and has steadily increased 
in extent and iiuixirtance up to the present time. 
The premises occupied by the store are 15x25 feet in 
dimension.--, while tiie bake shop is of similar dimen- 
sions. Kmployment is furnisheil to three competent 
assistants in conducting the operations of the business, 
and one h(irs<; and waggon are used for the delivery 
of goods to customers. Mr. Oaskin has a high 
reputation fur the excellence of his bread and pastry, 
nothing but the best (pLility of materials being ustd. 
He makes a specialty of wedding cakes, and is in 
receipt of orders from all parts of tne country for such. 
Mr. Gaskin is a naiive of Maidstone, Kent coun'.y, 
England, wdiere he was born in 1S57, and came to 
Canada 13 years ago, and has resided in Orillia for 
the past elever years. He is a thorough practical 
baker, and an enterprising and active business 




T. Phillip* Ii C Stoves and Tinware, i 

Mississaga Sircel. Am . ,; ihe niosl prominent of 
the maniifactiirint; and lni.iiiu'^s industries located in 
Oriiiia is tliat conducted hy T. Phillips iV C'o. , 
inanufactiiiers of refri(;erators, tinware, etc., and 
dealer> in stoves and housefurnishin}; {;oods. This 
liusiiiess was estaiili^hed ten years at;o hy Mr. 
Thomas I'liillip-i, a man of stronj^ inventive (jeniiis 
aiul persevering pluck : for the live years the 
llrm lias incluilfd Mr. H. (Greenland. Throu(;h the 

energy ami aliility of the ))roprietors, and the uni- 
formed rclial)ility of all work ])erformed by them, 
the business from a comparatively small comnuiice- 
nient has attained its present larye proportions. 
The tirni manufactures the celebrated "Garneit" 
patent ini-lined butter tub, having purchased the 
rights of inanufaciure from the patentee, Mr. (',. 
(.arnett, of |!c-'h,iny, for the county of .Simcoe and 
districts u( Mu^koka ami I'arrv .Sound. I'his tub 

assuming large proportions, an ord'-r for 5,rx)0 being 
tilled for one linn alone this s( on. The firm 
has recently secured a patent foi their " I'erfect 
Refrigerators." By a new proces- "id ingenious 
arrangement of dead air diambers un<ler the ice 
chambers, it effectually prevents all sweating, thus 
overcoming the great ilrawback which exists in 
every other refrigerator made. To butchers and 
others that retiidre an absolutely dry and cold 
refrigerator this invention will be a great boon. 
This branch of their business is 
rapidly increasing, so much so 
that they have been compelled 
to lease from the Salvation Army 
the rear portion of their exten- 
sive barracks, vvhich gives them 
a workshop and wareroom 50X 
250 feet in dimensions. The re- 
tail premises are located on 
Mississaga .Street, consisting of 
two Moors, each 30x50 feet in 
dimensions, the main tloor being 
used for the store and showroom, 
and the upper tloor for tiie work- 
shop in the plumbing and tin- 
smithing department. Another 
valuable patent owned by this 
lirm is that known as " Phillips' 
Tubular Lantern," the most per- 
fect lantern in the world, which 
is now being made by the largest 
tirms in (.'anada. Great Britain 
and the United States, and has 
very extensive sale. This firm 
makes a s|)ecialty of hot air fur- 
nace work, in which line they enjoy a wide reputa- 
tion for excellent workmanship; they aKo do a large 
plumbing and steainfiiting business, which is yearly 
l)ecoming more extensive, and employing, as they do, 
only the best skilled wori^iinen. their reputation in this 
line is assured. Tiiey give employment to 14 work- 
men, and are looked upon as one of the most enter- 
prising titms in Canada. 

Amorloan House, W. Edwards, I'r ,irietor.— 
A favorite hotel in ( Iriilia is thai known as the 
American House. It was built by the present pro- 
prietor ten years since, is of solid brick, contains 18 
bedrooms, four parlors, a billiard room, a dining hall 
with seating capacity for 100 guests, and is admirably 
adapted for the business of a comfortable family and 
commercial hotel. The building measures 80x40 
feet, IS four stones in height, and next winter is to be 
heated by hot air, u|) to date stoves having been used. 
The intern.d fittings are good and substantial, a 
pleasing c!i'-ct having been obtained without sacri- 
ficing comfort and convenience. The daily bill of 
' fare, the attendance, the bedroom and other a])point- 
; ments, the cooking, and indeed all the departments, 
bear testimony to the energy and liberality of the 
proprietor, who, during the ten years" history of the 
I house, has made many friends both in and out of the 
I town ; his varied experience has doubtless stood him 
after a three years' test is pronounced unequalled by in good stead. He was born in .Shrewsbury, I^ngland, 
any other p.ickage, and (rom its many points ."f 54 vears ago, coming to this country in 1857, so that 
superiority is fast gaining in popularity, it is the he has 30 years' ac(|uaintance with it. Of that time 
only package which ensures good sweet butter, ^> spent five years in farvis ; then he lived in Orillia 
being entirely free from or taint of any lour years, afterwards going to Alliston for another 
kind. The Use of the '' Garneit"' tub by grocery and foui years, and where he kept an hotel. Finally, he 
commissi <n men is now regarded a< indispensab'e, , settled in 'lie town he now resicies in, and where he 
as evinced by the (.;rowing deniiiiid, which is fast has built nj) a very good business. 



J. W. Slavan, Dray^ist and Hooksellcr. - ' 
The profession of ihc ilriit;^;ist forms a very import- 
ant factor in the various l)ianili>,-s of enterprises <if a 
thriving community. It is hi^ pfenijjativi', in tiniu 
of need, to administer alleviation from sud'erint;, and 
thus this iirolcssion deserves the ^jrateful con- 
sideration of ail. An old cstahlislied house in ( )rillia, 
and one which is in every uay reliable, is that of Mr. 
J. W. Slaven, whose business is centrally located at 
the corner of Mississajja and I'eier Streets. 21; years 
cn^'ajjed in ont,' business means a life-loni; ac(|iiaint- 
ance with and ac(|uired experience of practical 
knowledge of a business or profession that no theory 
could ever f^hc ; yet, s ;ch an e.vperience has Mr. 
.Slaven liad ; he founded his own business, and has 
built it uji in a thoroughly creditable manner to its 
present condition of permanent pros])erity. The 
premises occupied by him are sjiacious and com- 
modious, and com|)rise a stort', 1)0x25 feel in dimen- 
sions, a basement lor storage purposes of siiiilar 
dimensions, and an upstairs store, 52x24 feet. The ' 
store is neatly and handsomely arranged, and contains 
a full and general line of |)ure drugs, patent niedi- 1 
cines, perfumes and toilet reipiisites, and many 
articles in use by ])hysicians in iheii jiractice. Mr. 
.Slaven i.s a licentiate of the Ontario School of I'har 
macy, and is a druggist of many years' experience, 
and has well earneil the repulaiion he enjoys as a 
reliable, competent and useful member of the phar- 
maceutical fraternity, of which he is an honored 
member. He gives his s]K-cinl attention to physicians" 
|irescriplions and family recipes, in the ccjuipounding 
of which he uses only [)ure, Iresh drugs, and is always 
careful, accurate and reliable. Mr. .Slaven also deals 
in books and stationery, in which an extensive trade 
has been developed. Mr. .Slaven is a native of Can- 
ada, having been born in 1834, and tluring his hjng 
residence in Orillia he has ever taken a keen interest 
in the advance and development of the place, lie 
has been Reeve and Deputy Reeve, .ind has many 
times been a member of the Town Council, while he 
also held the commission of captain iu the No. 7 
Ccmipany Simcoe I'Oresters X'olunteers ; he is a 
gentleman with a thorough knowledge of materia 
medica, and is f.ossessed of high professional abilities, 
lie ran for the Local House in 1882. 

Couehiehinji; Planing Mill, Lake Shore, I'. 
.Madden. Prominent among the more important 
industries in Urillia is that of the (.Ouchichiiig Plan- 
ing Mdi, which is located on the Lake Shore, and 
which IS owned and CLnaducled by Mr. 1'. Madden. 
This busines- was estainiished eigh vears ago, and 
ever since the date of v.s inception it has eni 'yed a 
large -.hare of public patronage, and has adily 
mcreasei in extent and imponance. The , ..uiing 
mill is a frame structure, two stories in iieight, 40x72 ' 
leet in dimensions, with a 1 ick engine .louse, is^jo 
fu-et. The mill is titled up w. ti all the latest and 
most imjiroved machinery and apviiarces or wood- 1 
working, which are driven by a 1:5 
engine. Mr. .Madden manufactures everv uescription 
of sash, doors, blinds, sheetings, tloorrngs, mouuiings, 
and all kinds of builders" materials, the trade ^\aeiin:i 
ing throughout Urillia, while quantities of materi.!. 
.ire shipped north. Employment is t'Mrnished to a 
number of skilled workmen througl ul the year. 
Mr. Madden is a native .)f Ireland, atid is jS years of 
age ; he came to Canada 30 years ago, and nsiiled in 
Toronto for a numl>er of years. He is a thorough- 
going man of business, and is hi^^hly esteemed by all 
who know him. 

Huntiy Elliott, Itoat Huilder, foot of Coldwater 
Street. The popular boaihouse here mentioned was 
purchased by the present proprietor from Nir. 1'". J. 
l)e Lany in the s])ring of 1.SS6. As a native of the 
town, having been born here 27 years ago, anil hav- 
ing lived here all that time, Mr. Idiott is i)erlectly 
well aware of the public wants, and has laid himself 
out to supply them, so far at least as boating is con- 
ceriii-d. There i^ a good demand in ( )rillia for boats 
on hire, and at this boaihouse are to be found 15 
craft of diflerent kinds, from the frail racer to the 
more comfortable and social family gig, whilst those 
wh') hnd keener enjoyment in sailing may also pro- 
vide themselves with the while-winged skitf or yacht. 
As indicated, Mr. I'lliott is comparatively young in 
this business, having succeeded to it only a ago, 
but it is pleasant to know that he reports a good 
business, and today reipiires the assistance (jf one 
hand. In these da\.s, when there is so great a ten- 
dency to .sacritice health, if not more, at the altar of 
commercial success, it is eminenlly desirable that 
every centre of population should oiler facilities for 
innocent lecrealion and moderate physical develop- 
ment. Of all the pastimes indulged in, ther(; is nor.e 
more invigorating or innocuous than boating, when 
proper precautions are taken against accident. He 
also makes a specialty of building Sharpie sail f)oats. 

H. T. Cameron, Dealer in all kinds of Farming 
Iniijlenicnts, C>rgans and I'ianos, .Mi.-sissaga .Street.-— 
During the jiasi (piarter of a century there has been a 
verx marked improvement made in the manufacture 
of agricultural implements, to such an extent in fact 
that the mode <>( farnung has been almost entirely 
changed — not a year |>asses but some great changes 
are made in the im|)lements, until at the present time 
they might almost be considered perfect. Holding a 
prominent ])lace among ihose engaged in the sale of 
this line of goods is .Mr. H, T, Cameron, of Orillia, 
whost store is located on Mississaga Street. This 
business was established here ten years ago, and from 
the date of its inception it proved remarkably 
successful. The pieniises occupied for the business 
are 40.\50 feet in dimensicms, with a storeroom 20x30 
feet, where two competent assistants are given em- 
ployment, and one horse and waggon are used for 
delivery ot goods, Mr, ("amenm is agent for the 
implements manufactured by Sylvester Bros,, of 
Lindsay ; also for the pianos of Mr, K, .S, Williams, 
of Toronto ; for the organs of .Mr. K, (1, Thomas, of 
Woodstock; and also those of .Mr. Kilgour, of Ham- 
ilton. l'ri>m the arrangements made by Mr, Cameron 
with lliese houses he is enableil to sell their instru- 
men sat the very lowest prices, while every instrument 
is guiranteed by the manufacturers for six years. 
The irade of this house extends within a radius of 50 
miles ftoui Orillia. Mr. Cameron is a native of the 
United .Stales, and has resided in this country durin,; 
the past JO years, and is still in the prime of lifv. 
being only 40 years of at'e. He is a gentlei.ian 
highly '-sieenied by all who know him in both biisi- 
nes- and social circles. 

Nanry Boyee, Hrickmaker, l-'ront Street,— In 
all the cities and towns of Canada brick enters very 
lariielv into ihc building operalions, most of the 
l)iisliies.i slriictuits anil residences being constructed 
o( this material. Among those most |)rominently 
identihed with this line of manufacture in Orillia is 
Mr, Henry rio)i:e, whose yards are located on Front 
and (iill Streets. This i)usiness, although established 
one year ago. Ins already made very marked ptogiess. 



and from prcscnl in<licali()iis iis |)rr)spects for the 
future arc the hrijjhtest. Tlie plant CDVcrs ten 
acres of t^round, including' the clay heds, kilns, etc., 
and where eiiipJDynient is furnished to six coni|)etent 
hands. Last year Mr. Hoyce nianufacture<i ahout 
half a Miiiion of l)ricl<s, and lliis year the iiund)er 
will far exceed that. Mr. lioyce i> also a huilder as 
well as a brickniaker, and uses his bricks in the 
structures he erects; they are of excellent (|uality, 
hard and durable. Mr. Hiiyce is a native uf Canada 
and has resided in Orillia for over 50 years, in which 
place he owns considerable property, the result of 
liis untiring industry, activity and enterprise, lie is 
a gentleman of extensive business ability and is highly 
esteemed by all of the connui.nity. 

FlefOhar Brothers, liuots and .Shors, Missis- 
saga Street. Tlie iuiport.ince of that brunch of trade 
wliich embraces boots and shoes is one which has a 
personal interest for us all, and to no more useful 
purpose is leather devoted than to tlie manufacture 
of this necessary commodity. In (,)rillia a leading 
house is that which is operated by .Messrs. Fletcher 
I'rotl.ers, whose house of business is located on 
Mississnga .Street, and which is an important em- 
porium for the procuring of the best (pialities of boots 
and .shoes. This business was estab- 
lished by iheui six years ago, and since 
its inception each )'ear has witnessed a 
steaily growth in the <levelopment of 
its trade. The pnuiises utilized com- 
irise a large store, 60x14 feet in di- 
luensior.s, with a well arranged work- 
shop, where an average of six or eight 
exi)erien-.:cd hands (ind sleaily em- 
ployuunt. The stock carried is most 
::omplete, and includes the best (|uali- 
ties in every style (jf hanci- 
made and machine work in 
men's, hoys', youths', lathes' 
and misses' boots and shoes, 
■uttoned or laceil, as well as 
full line of slippers and 
1 libber-. It is, however, in 
i*'^ line or Im" r;i.t,i//ii*work :hat this house chielly 
ex<v-.' , its proi-lK's it, tivi>i connection for neatness, 
eleganreand dura'W'-.i'y, omhintM Aith the most rea- 
sonable of |)rices, car iff]] c^,**i|)are n'ilh those of any 
similar h(.u ' ' busme-s in tlie hootand shoelrade. 
Only the \vi\ best of materials are used, and first- 
class workiiianshi]! and a thonuigh til are in nil cases 
guaranlecil, wlilK icp;iiriiit; i, m-itly extcUteii. 'i"he 
iiidiiidiial members ol this coparlneiship are Messrs. 
William James and (leorge llenry Fletcher, Ixith of 
whom are natives of i'eierboro', tlu' (onmr having 
been born tlicie 27 years ago, and the latter 24 jears. 
They are gentlemen of vast practical experience, ami 
have a thorough knowledge o( the requirements of 
the trade in v/hich they are engaged. 

Mrs. L. Mk McDonald, (.'onfectionery, Fruit 
and Restaurant, Mississaga Street. -Amongst the 
newer established houses of Orillia which contribute 
in no small degree to the necessities of the community 
is that of Mrs. L. M. McDonald, who carries on a 
thriving business in confectionery and fruit, and also 
runs a restaurant. This business has been in the 
hands of .Mrs. McDonald for the last three months, 
prior to which it was for several months run by Mar- 
shall iS: Co., the building, which is especially .ulapted 
for business purposes, having been erected some 12 

monllis since, and is centrally located on MissisHaga 
Street The store is 20x50 fett in dimensions, with 
a neatly arranged dining room and three small ice 
cream parlors. The confectionery is all of the purest 
make, and meals are served at any hour in the most 
attractive manner, a specialty being made of oysteis 
in season, which can be obtained in any style. A 
large trade is done in ice creams in the summer 
months, and private houses can be supi)lie<l with this 
favorite delicacy. Mrs. McDonald also owns the 
( )rillia Steam Laundry, located at the corner of West 
and (!olborne .Streeis, which consists of a large frame 
building, divided into nine comiiartments, where 
work in this connection is executed in the highest 
degree of perfection, no compounds being used that 
will in any way destroy goods, and the utmost satis- 
faction in all cases guaranteed. Mr. Holland, of 
Toronto, is manager rif this concern, while Mr. .Mc- 
Donald also assists in the jiroseculion of the work in 
this connection. Mrs. .McDonald i< a native of Oiil- 
lia, while her husband was born in Pickering, in this 
Province, in liSOl. 

J. O, Wilson, Dealer in Reapers, .Mowers, Plows, 
.Seed Drills, etc., West Street. — The wealth of a 
country is in a primary degree associated with its 
agricultural resources, and thus an industry developed 
for the provision of the most im|)roved machinery 
and appliances for agricultural purposes is one that 
has a s])ecial consideration for us all. The inventive 
genius of the present agehasfouiKl-me of its most fertile 
fields in devising iinp'ements designed to lighten the 
laborsof the agriculturist ; and the progressive farmer 
of to-day is provided with machines which, to a very 
great extent, relieve him from heavy manual labor. 
A prominent representative of this important branch 
of industry in Otiltia is Mr. J. (]. Wilson, who con- 
ducts a live business as a dealer in reapers, mowers, 
plows, seed drills, horse rakes, twine binders, horse 
hoes, spring-tooth harrows, straw cutters, fanning 
mills, s|)ring-tooth cultivators, gang plows, seeders, 
etc. This business ha-, been in active operation for 
the last live years, and in that period a wide connec- 
tion has been established through this district for a 
radius of fifteen miles. The premises locale ' on 
West Street comprise a well arranged strucluiL'. 
40x25 feet in dimensions, while 11 line iissorlmt nt of 
all the aliove implements are to he proci'"d, most of 
them being the products of Mr. ). O. Wisner, of 
Braniford, whose goods lind a ready sale in all jiarls 
olilii Dominion. Mi. Wilson is a tialive of Orillia, 
having been born here lid) -two y^nrs ago ; for many 
years he was engaged in farming occu|).itions, and 
thus has a practical knowledge of th ,se implements 
most suited for agricultural operali(jns. Since 
August, 187.5, ^'f- VVilson has held the |iosilion of 
li.iilill i)f the Oth Division t'luirl of ilu' county ol 
.Siuicoe, and is a gentleman well known and highly 

S> D. MePhss, M.R.C.D.S., Surgecm Demist, 
(iraduale of Toronto School of Dentistry. — The pre- 
sent age has witnessed a material development in all 
the scientific professions, Imt in no direction is this 
more apparent than in dental surgery, which, due to 
the assiduous attention of those engaged in its pursuit, 
his in recent years risen from an operative art to the 
dignity of a science. The subject of the teeth is one 
vvhich in a great majority of cases is most lamentably 
neglected, and )et our health is in a great measure 
dependent on our masticating organs, and periodical 
visits to an experienced surgeon dentist cannot be 







I ill- 












|l thai 


il, of 


|()rk in 


in this 

too stronnly insisted updn, A thorough scicntilic 
exponent of tlie dental profession in Urillia is Mr. S. 
I). Mcl'hee, who is a inenil)er of the Koyai College 
ol Dental Surgeons, havinj^ graduated al the Toronto 
School of Dentistry. This gentleman has heen estali- j 
lished here for the last six months and has laid i 
the foundation of a sul)stantial and permanent prac- ' 
lice. Mis office and operating rooms are located on 
Mississaga Street, where he has every facility for the ' 
edicient prosecution of this profession, having a well 
equipped lahoratory, supplied with all the latest and 
most ini|)roved appliances used in ojierativc dentistry. 
Vitalized air and nitrous oxide gas are administered 
with the most satisfactory results, teeth thereby being 
extracted without pain. In fitting in false teeth, Mr. 
Mcl'hee is a thorough exjiert, lixing iheni on the most 
apjiroved methods Those who have cmsuUed this 
gentleman >peaU highly of his professional ability, and 
he can with every confidence be recommended lo 
those seeking advice in this connection. Mr. Mcl'hee 
is a native oi Orillia, having been born here 25 years | 
iigo ; he is not only well known in the locality, but is ' 
also highly esteemed and popular in all circles. 

SImeO* House, W. W, Robinson, I'roprietor. 

Amongst the iio])ulai houses of i lUerlainmeiil that 
endiody those essentials that particiilarlv commend 
ihemselves to the travelling pulilic, and others whom 1 
business or pleasure may call lo Orillia, is the .Simcoe 
House, which is eligibly located at the corner "f 
Alississaga and West Streets. This house was 
formerly run by Mr. V. C. Crockett for four years, 
who, on the 1st of Sejitember, kSS6, was siuxeeded 
by the present proprietor, Mr. W. W. Robinson. 
The building is a solid brick structure, three stories 
in height, with ample cellar room, and has a frontage 
of 50 feet and a de])th of 45 feet. There are some i 5 
spare bedrooms, all spacious aparlinents, well venti- 
lated anil elegantly furnished throut;houl : the dining 
room has ample seating accoi.'uio(laiion, 'vhile the 
table is always liberally su|)plied with the best of 
viands and delicacies in season. There are comfort- 
able silting rooms, and the whole establishment is 
pervaded with a thorough, home-like air of cr miort, 
and every inducement is offered to guests, no effort 
being spared by Mr. Robinson to give sa'isfnction to 
all his patrons. .Since its establishment this house 
liiis always been regarded uilli favoi, both by resi- 
ileiils and visitors, and under .Mr. Robinson's able 
adminisl ration the rep\itation of the house is well 
maintalnt:(|, and a goi}d conneiiiou is now W'dl eslab 
lished. Mr. Robinson is a luitive of Orillia, where 
he was born 25 years ago, and has had a varied e\pi ri- 
ence in hotel life, having been connected with the 
American Hotel at Victoria, IS. C. He is a mosi 
genial and obliging host— po|)ular with all who know 

Strafhearn Bros>« Watchmakers, Jewellei's 
•md Engravers, Mississaga Street.— It a well-known 
fact that the trade of a watchmaker and jeweller is 
one of the most, if not the most, difficult to ac(|uire. 
The nature of the articles to be handled is in many 
cases so intricate, the mechanism so delicate, thai 
nothing but long jiractice and ■■aniest ellort can 
enable a man lo become proficient in this line of 
business. In Orillia the Messrs. Stralhearn Uros. 
'•njoy the well earned lepiitation ol being fine work- 
'• en in all branches of their trade. They have been 
in business here for .six years, thus giving them 
sufficient opportunity lo become familiar with all the 
intricacies of their profession. The premises utilized 

by tht'm are located on .Mississaga Street, and con- 
sist of a new structure, admirably adapted for the 
purposes of a business of this kind ; the s'ore is 14x30 
feet in dimensions, with a workshop of similar si/e. 
.As regnrds inteiior appointments the store is taste- 
fully arranged with plate-glass show cases and 
cabinets, and contains a large, varied and well selected 
assortment of line gold fashionable jewellery in all 
the new styles, and rich, elegant, unii|ue designs, 
embracing a variety of articles lor use or ornament, 
including gohl and silver watches of Kuropean and 
American manufacture ; also hrench, Swi.-s and 
American plain and oinamental clocks, all kinds of 
precious stones, silver and ])lated ware, optical goods, 
as well as an tndless line of fancy articles, which 
would be appropriate for wedding |)resents and for 
gifts on all occasions, Employment is furnished to 
four skilful assistants, and a specialty is made of line 
watch repairing, every satisfaction being guaranteed. 
The trade of this house is widely exteniled and cir- 
culates through all the northern counties, while they 
also conduct another store at .Midland, under the 
personal superintendence of Mr. (ieorge .Straihearn. 
The members of this C(jpartnership are Messrs. 
(ieorge and Robert Strath> nn, both of whom are 
natives of Orillia, the forun 1 born January 1st, 1S57, 
and the latter May bill, iSj.S ; they are thorough 
masters ol their profession, and will always be lound 
upriylit in all business transactions. 

Orillia Tannery, S. Wainwright, West Street. 
Tanner and Currier, Dealer in .Shoemakers' 
I'lunishings, etc. - The leather interests constitute a 
very important factor in our commercial industries, 
as leather enters largely into so many articles of 
daily necessity in various directions, The Orillia 
Tannery owned by Mr. S. Wainwright is one of the 
oldest institutions in this section of the country 
devoted to the manufacti're of leather. Under the 
adininstration of its present proprietor it has been in 
active o[)era;ion for the last thirty years or more, 
and in that time its resources have been developed 
and its trade increased till now a veiy large trade is 
enjo)ed. The tannery is located on West Street, 
and consists of a spacious Iwostory building, ()ox64 
feet in dimensions, where every modern ap|)liance 
and all necessary machineiy is su])plied lor the 
elficieiil prosecution of this industry, the motive 
power being supi)iied liy a 25 horse-iiower engine. 
The proilucts of this cslablishnieiit have a standard 
tepulation and find a ready sale wherever intro- 
duced, the chief ceiicre of tiade being Toronto. All 
kinds of leather are produced, but a specialty is 
made of shoe uppers and harness leather. Mr. 
Widnwright also carries all kinds of shoemakers' 
furnishings. This industry gives employment to ten 
hands, and in no small degree adds to the material 
resources of Orillia as a manufacturing centre. Mr. 
Wainwright's long experience in this connection 
enables him to utilize every facility that can in any 
way expe<lite operations, and the products of this 
tannery are not surpassed by any similar establish- 
ment in the country ; the highest price in casli is 
paid for hides. Mr. Wainwright is a native of 
I'.iiglaiid, having been born in Clieshire6o years ago; 
he has been in Canada for forty years, and is a 
gentleman highly esteemeil and respected in this 
district ; he was Mayor ol the town in 1880, dis- 
charging his duties in connection with that high 
office with credit to himself and with satisfaction to 
all concerned. He is an owner of considerable 
property in this locality. 



Rebart W. Ross. Carriage lluildcr, We^t St. 
If ilii- liislory ol (•;irriaj;e liuiidiiitj nnd llic diflerfiit 
kinds of vehicles that liavi' ln-fii liiiill in rivili/.od and 
uncivili/i'd i-ounlrifs Irnni the farlicst afjes ii|> lo llic 
presi'nt tinu' was writli'n, il woultl make a vt^ry in- 
lert'siin^; work, imt oidy loi ilie Irado, hiil tlie inlflli- 
jjcni public generally. Aniun^; ilmsr conncrled with 
this linu of niannracture in Orillia ilfsorvin^ ol nior: 
than nieri' passing notici' is Mr. Roliert \V. Uoss, 
whoRj sliop is localifl on West .Street. Althouuli 
this business was oidy estalilisiied a year ajjo it has 
already made very rapid strides, aiul is now on a 
hij;hly successful basis. The premises occupied for 
the l)usines- are feet in dimensions and two 
stories in height. Mr. Ko-'S manufactures all kinds 
of c,irria^;e.«, l)UL;(;iis, pfi.elons, wajjijons, etc ; noth- 
\ng hut the best materials are used, the best seasoned 
wood and lines) quality of steel and iron, and noihinj; 
is (indtled that could possibly add to the strength, 
durability and l)eauty of the vehicles marie, and in 
this rcspeii he has ol)taintil a high an<l widespread 
reputation. Mr. Koss is n native of Canada, and is 
47 ye.nrs of age ; he learned his trade in iirantlord, 
and was for some years in business in llawkesville 
previous lo removing here. He warrants all his new 
work for three years. 

Ai Frasar, Mvery, .Mississaga Street— One of 
the best e(|ui|)pe(l and most jiopular livery establish- 
ments in ( )rillia is that of Mr. A. Kraser, which is 
locattd on Mississaga .Street. This l)usiness was 
founded by Mr. Tiiompson some years ago, who was 
succeeded by the present proprietor fifteen months 
since. The premises occu|)ied are large, com- 
moilious and well appointed, and are fitted u|i 
with every modern convenience, being well drained 
and ventilated and su))plied with everything that 
could conduce to the lualtli of the horses. There is 
stabling accommodation for twenty-live liorses, and he 
can at the same time turn out ten pair of horses with 
an accompanying nunilier of single and double rigs. 
Mr. Kraser conducts a livery, sale and boarding stable, 
and those having horses that they recpiire boarded, 
cannot lind a better place than this, I'or competent 
grooms are in attendance and Mr. I'raser gives his 
constant and personal attention to every detail of the 
business. The stables are open at all hours and those 
re(|uiring family carriages, buggies or coupes with 
good roadsters can here lind just what they desire. 
Mr. l-'raser was born in Orillia 52 years ago, an<l is 
a gentleman well-known and highly esteemed by all 
classes of the community for liis many excellent 
(lualities ol head and heart. 

the rear ; employnient is |{iven to lour h.inds and the 
trade of the house circulates through a radius of one 
hiindreil mile.s. The stuck carried is a thoroughly 
comprehensi\e one, and comprises a very carelully 
selected assortmentof shelfanil heavy hardware, hoiisi' 
furnishings and all the innumerable articles that are 
classed under the he.iding of general hardware. The 
stock of stovesand ranges in especially line and includes 
I he products of the best manufacturers in the country, 
being such as lor general excellence, must commend 
them to all. Mr. Miitram deals in coal, his 
yards being locali'd at the Midland station ; he has 
every facility for obtaining the best o( supplies, and is 
|)re|iared lo txei'ule all orders promptly and illicieiitly. 
Mr. Ilertrani iHa native ol Scotlanci, having been born 
at Kenton Harns, Haddingtonshire, in 1851 ; he has 
been in t."anada nineteen year-., and since his residence 
in Orillia he has ever t.iken an active interest in all 
movements relating to the wellaie of his fellow 
townsmen and the advancement of ihe town. He is 
an honored member of tlie Council ; President of the 
.Mechanics' Insti'ute, and the l'',ast Simcoe Agricul- 
tural Society, and is also a member of the High 
School Board. 

Pater Barlram.Signof the Circular Saw. Dealer 
in (.jeneral Hardware, Paints, (Jils, (Jlass, Stoves and 
Tinware, Mississaga Street. — The saw has ever played 
a conspic uous part in the economy of manufactures, 
and the sign of the " Circular Saw " in Orillia marks 
one of the mcst enterprising establishments in this 
thriving town. The lra<le in hardware, as dealing 
with so many articles of general utility, must be classetl 
as one of tlie most important of our industrial pur- 
suits, and the establishment of .Mr. I'eter Hertram 
takes prominent rank amongst the business enter- 
prises of this district. This house is an old estab 
lished one, as for twelve years Mr. Bertram has 
carried on a thriving business as a dealer in general 
hardware, paints, oils, glass, stoves and tinware. 
His ])remises located on Mississaga .Street are most 
spacious and commodious and consist of two flats, 
2i\8o feet in dimensions, with ample storage room in 

Tradara Bank of Oanada, Local Branch. - 

l''ortunately. the days of bartering are now practically 
jiast, and cash paymer'.s have happily superseded 
"dickers," except in a few remote townships. How- 
ever, the use of money necessitates the establishment 
of houses where that useful commodity may be stored 
for safety, transferred into securities, and the like. 

I .Moreover, there are thousands of successful business 
men in Canada who could never have attaini'd pros- 
perity had it not been for backing sup|)lied by banks. 
No concern of this kind has won and deserved a 
higher reputation than that now enjoyed by the 
Traders Bank, with its authorized capital of $l,ooo- 
000, and a paicl-up capital ol $500,000. A branch 
of this institution was recently opened on Mississaga 
.Street, under the management of .Mr. A. \V. Mur- 
ton, whose capability and thorough astuteness are 
already widely recognized in the locality. The 
|)remises are excellently adapted lo the business, and 
are very conveniently located. All the varied 
branches of the banking business are carried on here, 
giving residents just the same facilities as arc' en- 
joyed by ])atrons ol the head office. Oeneral bank 
ing, Collections, the receipt and forwarding of drafts 
to all ])arts ol the world are of course included ; 

• interest is allowed on deposits, and everything ]ier- 
taining to t)anking is attended to by the local man 

[ ager. The bank is already gathering together a 

I sound, profitable connection. 

•' Tha Paopla'a Tailoring Houaa," K. 

Baker, Merchant Tailor, I'eter .Street. -The merchant 
tailor exercises an important influence upon society of 
the ]iresent day. To be well received by the world 
; at large a man must be well and fashionably dressed, 
and tailoring has now been brought to such a state of 
I perfection that it might well be designated one of the 
, line arts. Prominent among those engaged in this 
; line of business in Oiillia is Mr. E. liaker, proprietor 
' of " The Peojile's Tailoring House," on Peter .Street. 
I Mr. IJaker established his business 14 years ago on 
Mississaga Street, where he remainecl for 12 years, 
and then removt d to his present more eligible premi- 
se.':, which are 16x50 feet in dimensions, with work- 
' room in rear, and where four skilled operators are 
given steady employment. Here a line assortment ol 
i imported and domestic woollens, tweeds, etc., is 














i-nrrioil, suilalilc for oac-h season, in ihf latest and most 
raslii'inal>lL' palliTiis, whicli he niakcn ii|i in niilcr l>) 
lUfaMirc on tlii' shoilest notice in itte highest style ol' 
the art ninl at the most reasonnM.- prices. Mr, 
Maker is a native of Nottini'liainsliire, I'.n^land, where 
lie was l)()rn in 1S24, and went to the I'niied Sinles 1 
over JO years ,i^;ii, where he remained for one and ' 
a hail years and then came to I aiiada, which he has i 
since made h's home. lie is a skilled prailiral 
tailor, and supervises all work entrusted to him. 
Ileinn a thorough practical LiiUn, lie llallers himsell 
he can compete with any >iher house in ilic trade; 
and h.uin({ a thorounh kuowl(il|,'e of ail clasM's of 
j;oods, and hiiyinj; f.)r cash, he can therefore j,'iM' the 
customer the lienttit of his cash system. 

" Our House," j. 11. Wil.son, Groceries an<l 
Provisions, corner Makic lash and Missis?.ai;a .Streets. 

Amon^; the old csiaMisliod and popular 'msniess 
houses in the j'rocriy trad<' lu 1 )rilli:i is tli;u known 
as "Our House." corni;r of Makl(<iash and \'issis- 
saj;a Streets, of which \\r. 1. II. Wdson i> the 
proprietor. This business was eslahlished in l.S()0 by 
Mr. I,. Wilson, who was succeeded by the present 
proprietor in 18K5. .Since the <late of its imepiion 
this business his enjoyeij a large measure of success, 
and has steadily a;id constantly inciea'.ed in extent 
and importance. The pieinises occupied by the 
business are grocery store, 24x40 Itet in dimensions ; 
butcher sho|), 12x24 feet. Here an excellent slock 
is carried of line ^jroceries and provisions, choice 
brands of teas from China and japan, fra^jrani 
coffees from Java and Kio, pure .]iices, talile deli- 
cacies, etc., etc., as well as llour, feed, pork, bacon, 
etc. ; all pood> dealt in art of the very best i|ualily, 
and are sold ai the lowest market prices. 'I he trade . 
of the house exlemls within a raelius of 10 miles, and 
Mime jjoods are shipped to Muskoka, Midlan<l and 
Iteaverton. I'.niploynient is furiii'-hed lo livi com 
petent assistants, and one horse and waj;};on aie used 
in the business. Mr. Wilson was born in 1 trillia m 
185X, and has resideil here all his life. He had 
chari^e ot his falhei's business for some years previous 
to taking control himself. He is a mendier of the 
Town Council for the Soitth Ward for the present 
year, and is a jjenlleman hi{;hly esteemed by all who 
know him. 

«!• B. Thompson, Watchmaker and Jeweller. 
Mississaga Street -The buMnessof the watchmaker 
and jeweller is one that cannot meet with much sue 
cess, except in communities that are well-to-do, and 
where how to obtain the necessities of life is not the 
all-ahsorbini' to|)ic. The success that has attended 
the business of .Mr. J. !!. Thomiison, of Mississnjja 
Street, Orillia, therefore speaks well for the thrift 
and prosjieri y of the people of that place. Mr. 
Thompson established his 17 years ago, and 
since the date of it- inception has received a liberal 
share of the jiublic patronage, which has been emi- 
nently deserved. The premises occujiied for the 
business are i^x^^ feet in dimensions, with a work 
shop io.\2ofeet. The store is beautifully fitted up 
with plate-glass show cases, cabinets, etc., in which 
an elegant stock of gold and silver watches and jew- 
ellery in rich designs, as well as silver-plated ware, 
is shown lo the best advantage. Mr. Thompson 
manufactures all kindsof jewellery, except Americ.m, 
and doe.s engraving of every description on the 
shortest notice and in the most artistic style, a s'all 
of five skilled workmen being steadily employed. 
The trade of the house extends throughout OriUia 

and north as far as ^.nilt Ste. Marie, and withiti a 
radius of 100 miles. A full line of Masonic regalia 
is I'.irneil, and Mr. Thompson is aUo agent for the 
( ieneva Optical Co.sjol New \ ork, famou.sspcciac les. 
.Mr. Thompiion is a native of tiie town of .Simcoe, aid 
!•< a gentleman liighly esteemeil by all cla.sses of the 
coniniuniiy, and is at present Keevc of the town. 

Orand Central Hotol, .Mississaga Street, V. C. 

('rockeit, I'roprieior. < ertainly the wayfarei in this 
lown can have no dilliciilly in finding hotel accom- 
ini dation. Amongst the many houses of this descrip- 
tii Ji for which it is justly noted is llic (irand ("eniral 
I lolel, situated on Nlissassaga Street, and ow ned by 
\'. I . t 'rocketl. Although he took possession only 
about a year ago, having then suiceedeil Mr. Chris- 
topher Moore, he is recogiii/ed as a thoioughly com- 
peleiil and obliging host. I he house |)ro|)er is well 
located. mea-.uring 111) feet in dejuh with a frontage 
of 50 leel. In the rear are stables, shed ami coach 
house. The hotel premises are moib-rn, commodious 
and well arranged, halls and corridor.-, being spacious 
as well as Ight. The bedrooms, of which there aie 
25, are well ventilated and clean, with all neees-ary 
accessories. The furniture and fittings ihroughout 
are in good taste and in the most approved style. In 
a word, tlie general e'piipment ol this pojiular hotel 
IS all that the guest.s re(|uire. In the kilciieii eipiaily 
good management and care are evidently displayed, 
uidging b) ilie f;i( that tin- table i> a one. 
Neeilless tn say lh.U,froin the ptoprieloi down to the 
youni;est ol his lialf-do/en helps, all ci\ ditic^ are ex- 
perienced by the jialrons of ihe Imuse. <'hoce 
eii, irs are .dways kept in stock. 

T< H. Robinson, Chemist and Stationer, .Miss- 
issaga Street. ^One of the mi>si imporiant of all the 
liiie> of business indu^liy is that of the ilispmsing 
chemist. It re(|uires much study and never-ceasing 
cue to be successfully conducted and avi'id errors. 
Among those prominenlly identified with this line of 
business in Orillia is .Mr. T. H. Robinson, whose 
store is located on .Mississaga ."street. This business 
was founded 1 v Messrs. Hunter iV Tudhope in 1X77, 
which lirni w..> succeeded by the present proprietor 
in iS/i). .Since the date of its inception it has proved 
eminently successful, and is steadily increasing. The 
premises occupied consist of a store 24x50 feet in 
dimensions, an<l a dis|)ensary and telephone agency 
24x^0 feet, while employment is furnished to live 
ccunpetent assistants and clerks. An excelient stock 
is carrie<I of fresh and pure drugs and chemicals, 
fancy and toilet articles, imported perfumes, soaps, 
etc.; also proprietary medicines "f acknowledged 
merit and stamlard reputation, as well as those arti- 
cles Used by physicians in their practice. A specialty 
is made of com|)o\iniling |)hysicians" p.rescriptions and 
difficult formuke. Mr. Robinson is a graduate of the 
t')iilario College of i'haimacy, and a licentiate by 
examination of the (^>uebec Pharmaceutical Associa- 
lion, and is a thoroughly ])roficienl chemist. I le also 
cariies a fine line of stationery for the household, 
school and ollice. .Mr. Robinson is a native of Pe- 
terborough county, and is agent fm' the Hell Tele- 
phone Company. 

Tha Old Orillia Foundry, Kmiiis Tutton i^ 
•Sons, Proprietors, Manufacturers of all kinds of 
Machinery for (jrist. Shingle and Saw Mills, etc. — 
The mainstay of Canada to-day, as it has been in the 
past, and as it must continue to he, is un<|uestionably 
her agricultural resources. For this reason, if for 








1.0 !ri^ I 





i^ 1^ 1 2.2 

It m 



IM 1^ 




*<i ^ffjf 












WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 8.'2-450S 





no other, the mechanical iiuliistrics of tlie coiinlry 
must larj;ely aPl-ct her prospciity. When, in llie old 
• lays, the p'oneers depended tijion the Mother Country 
tor tiieir i(ni)iements, these necessary tools were not 
only expensive, hut they were not well adapted to the 
work re(|iiired of then., since farming ihtne and heie 
differ larj;ely. Now, however, machinery s[)ecially 
constmctt-d for C'anadian fanning;, luinberinj^ and the 
like, is made, so to speak, on the spot. (Irist mills, 
shinj^le mills and saw mills, ecpiipped with (aiKidian 
marliinery ih-Mouj^hly capable for its work may now 
be foimd throut;lioiit the I)omini(.n. rruminent 
ani()n|,'st liouse-i turning oi)t this cla.-:s of work is the 
'•Old Orillia Koimc'ry," ()wned by Messrs. I' rancis 
Tiiiton iV .Sons. This concern was founded by 
McHain & liartholomew, and was taken over by the 
present lirni eight years ago. M'. I'rancis Tutlon, 
the senior partner, came to Kingston in ICS51, where 
he became mechanical superinlemtent of the locomo- 
tive works there, lie afliMwards transferred himself 
to the N\)ithern Railway, eventually settling down in 
Orillia. His sons, Frank and Frederick, were born in 
New York, being now associated with him in the 
"Old Foundry," where th,ir united experience and 
skill have found ample scope. The wt)rks are both 
extensive and well ti|uip|ie(l. Surrounded by yarils 
covering sonn' one ami a half acres are two buildings, 
one 80x125 feet, two stories high, the other being 
sinlge story, 40x62 feet-. A 20 horsepower engine 
drives the machinery, the employees numbering 20. 
B sides making ajiparaius for grist, shingle and saw 
mills, Messrs. Tuiton build engines, keep on hand 
]ilough points, land sides, etc., and do (piite a busi- 
ness in general mechanical repairs. 

Tresidder ft Henderson, theC'heaj) Tin .shop, ' 
West Street. — It is always a pleasant duty to lujiice I 
the inception of new business houses of importance in j 
any community, denoting, as it does, the progress I 
and |)iosperity of ihi_ ])lace in which they are started, ! 
In this connection the house of Messrs. Tresidder & ! 
Henderson, tinsmiths, steam-titters and plumbers, of 
West Str.-et, is worthy of more than mere ])ussing ' 
notice. This business, which wa.^ establi-hed only 
thiee months ago, has already given promise of a j 
jirosperous future. The premises occupied are 27x27 ! 
feet ill dimensions, where nine hand machines are in 
use and three skilled worlunen are given emjiloyment j 
in the manufacture of tin, iron, copper and brass waie ] 
of every description. The firm also do steam-fitting | 
of every kind, as well as sanitary plumbing. The | 
wi'ik ilone by this house is the very best that can be 1 
found in thi- section of the country, while the prices , 
charged are the lowest of the low, and satisfaction is 
guaranteerl in every case. Uoth members f)f the firm 
are young men of much push, enterprise and energy, 
and are natives of Canada. Mr. [imes Trewdder 
was born in 185S, and Mr. Colin Henderson in 1858. 
They are highly respected by all who know them. 

The People's Mill, Walker Brothers, West 
."•'treet. -Canada is a great grain growing and llour 
])roducing country, and there is scarcely a town or 
city throughout the Dominion where a flour mill 
may not be found. Among those engaged in this 
line of industry worthy of special inention is the firm 
of Messrs. Walker Bios., owr.ers and operators of 
the People's Mill of Orillia. This business, which 
was established only last year, very soon assumed 
important proportions and steadily increased in 
extent and development. The premises occupied 
consist of a three-stoiy structure, 42x60 feet in 

dimensions, and is htled up'with all the ' itest and 
most imjiroved machinery and appliances, with six 
set of rolls, driven by a 4S horse-power engine, 
while employment is furnished to four competent and 
skilled millers. The product of the mill is of the 
very highest (piality, the grades being excellent for 
l)read and pastry. The trade of the house is 
piincipTlly hical, and is (piite exten.^ive, the mill 
working to its utmost capacity. The members of 
the firm, Messrs. (leorge and Walter Walker, are 
gcMllenun in the j)rinie of life, and are natives of 
Canada, and are enterpiising and progressive 
business men ami geiulenien lield in the highest 
estimation in trade an<l social circles. 

F. d> De Lany, Ho.u Builder. -Not only has 
(anaiki given birth to the premier oarsman of the 
world, but she ])roduces as line craft as ever danced 
over the water. is this a matter of surprise, 
considering that the Dominion is the home of a hardy 
race, and includes within her bor<lers the lines; water- 
stretches in the world, fiinged by a wealth of timber 
at once the admiration and the envy of what our 
cousins call " the whole airth." The t.iwn of Orillia 
is fonunaie in having a boat builder whose craft are 
known and sought after from there to Winnipeg. 
Mr. 1''. lohn De I. any, whose boathouse is situated on 
Mississaga Street East, is making skiffs, yachts, 
cances, etc., of all descrijitions, and for seven years 
past has hied the reputation of buildini; boats light 
and light, sound and strong. 1 lis knowledge of woods 
has stood him in good slead, whilst his a<|uatic experi- 
ence enables him to combine speed and beauty where 
those (|ualilies are retiuired. His main shop is two 
stories in height, and is 20x30 feet, the storehouse 
and varnish ro<ims adjoin, and are 16x20 and 16x25 
re.'^jiectively. Three skilled assistants are employed. 
I'revious to coining to Orillia, Mr. De Lany had 'iv.';d 
in Cobourg, where he carried on the manufacture of 
fishing tackle ; whilst there he was an active mem- 
ber of the 40th Battalion. He continued the same 
business when fust he located in Orillia in 1872, 
changing to his jiresent occupation seven years since; 
he is agent for the Ontario (Janoe Company, of 
I'eterboro', and for Brough's patent centre board. 
Industry, integrity and perseverance have won for 
him a well-earned measure of success. 

William Ramsay, Manufacturer of every de- 
scription of Carriages, I'ha-tons, Buggies, Buck boards, 
Sjiring Waggons, Farm and Lumber Waggons, etc. 
- The most important of the manufacturing industries 
of Simcoe county is that of Mr. William Ramsay's 
steam factory for the manufacture of every description 
of carriages, buggies, waggons, etc., on 0)ld water 
.Street, Orillia. This business was established 40 
years ago by Mr. William Ramsay, Sr., father of the 
present pro|irietor, who succeeded to the business 20 
years ago. The plant is very extensive, and covers 
over one and a half acres of ground, u])on which are 
a number of buildings, the main shop being 60x200 
feet in dimensions and two stories in height, with 
engine house, 16x25 f^cel ; a show room, 60x30 feet in 
tliinensions and two stories in height; besides paint 
shops, machine shops, trimm-ng shops, etc., where 
employment is furnished, on an average, to 45 skilled 
workmen. The works are fitted up with all the 
latest and most improved machinery aad appliances, 
diiven by a 25 horsepower enj^ine. This house 
carries the largest slocic of lumber thoroughly seasoned, 
the largest variety of patent buggy gears, and all 
other material necessary of any manufacturer in the 



line in tlic Domininn. F.vciy ii.irt of iht- wcnk done , muslins, jiarasnls and umbrillas. liaherdashtry, lace 
is under the sii[)crvi.-,i<)n of llioroULjldy rx|)eiienccd I cur aius, carpels, hoolsand shoes, ready-made cloth- 
foremen, and every part is strictly scruiinizcd while ! inj;, [gents' furnishiuf^s, j^rocericj, etc., etc. In the 
in process of manuf.icture, while Mr. Uamsay {jives nerchant tailoring departnieni will he found a line 
the following warianty with every vehicle delivered : line of imported and domestic tweeds, woollens, 
"Eveiy part of ai.y vehicle made at this factory is | vorsl 'd suitings, trouserings, etc., which are made 
warranted free from defc't.aitd I agree to furnisli frej up to order in the highest style of the art, at the very 
repairs f(;r any breakage thai oCv^urs with fair usage, Ujwest prices. The lirm make a .specialty of selling 

by reason of <lefeciive workmanship or material, with- 
in one year from date of purchase, upon the broken 
part being ])ro<luced as evidence o( defect." Mvciy 
description of carriages, ph.etons, buggies, buck 
boards, spring waggons, faun and lumlier waggons ; 
also light ! nd heavy bobsleighs, and numberless 
cutlers. The house tuins oul about ',200 rigs a year 
of all descriptions, the trade extending llnciughout the 
Dominion. The vehicles inaiuifaclurcd by this house 
hold a very high reputation ihroughout the counliy. 
the iiame of Ramsay in ( onnecion wilh his manufac- 
tures being synonymous with " perlecuon." Mr. 
Kamsay is a native of Scinland, but came to this 
couniry when only four months old with his parents' 
permission. He has been in the carriage bailding 
business since lust starting to woik, and what he does 
not know about the trade is not worth learning ; he 
i-. an active and (irtgre.ssive business man and a 
public s|-.irileil citizen, and is Deputv Ketvc of 

Lawrence & Co., Dominion Reslaurant, Miss- 
is.saga .Street. — The restaurant laisim ss now conducted 
by Messrs. Lawrence tv; Co., on Mississaga Street, 
was first established by Mr. Thomas Stevenson in 
1881, who was succeeded in iSi'4 liy Mr. Nathaniel 
linker, pnd he in turn by the present firm on .May 
14th of the present year. Tlie prendses occupied by 
the business are ii.xSo feet in <limensions, mally 
titled up and containu g dil'ferent luncheon depart- 
ments foi- private jiarties, and also a store for groceries 
and confectionery. A large l(^\d and larmers' trade 
is done in oystei and other kit. :hes. The hrni keep 
a fine stock of choice family groceries and confec- 
tionery, and do a good business, with excellent 
prospects for their future success. Mr. A. Lawrence, 
the senior mendier of the firm, is a native of Canada, 
and his partner, Mr. J. W. .Mitchell, iUtish by birih. 
Mr. Mitchell is bandmaster of the Orillia Citizens" 
Ua -d, ard is an excelleiit musician. He also keeps 
a billiard room and cigar store on Peter Street, under 
Kennedy's Mall. Mr. was a clerk in a 
hardware store for a number of years, lioth are 

ihe best (|ualily of goods at the very Ifiwesl nuirket 
jirices. The " h'anious "' has Iring been known as 
ihe oldest, cheapest and most reliable house in 
Orillia. Mr. I'rank Kean, the senior mendier of the 
lirm, is a native of Canada, .iml his son, Mr. .M. D. 
Keati, was b.irn in Ordlia. liolh genllemen are act- 
ive and enler-ri^ing merchants, and are liighly 
esteemed in trade and circles. This firm ketp 
a traveller on the roa 1 'overing llie < ounlry north of 
lii're a^ far as .Sault .Sle. Marie, taking orders for 

Russell House, K. n. Muodie, rrojinctor. - 
Holding high rank amongst the hotels of Orillia is 
the Russell House, and the present host must be con- 
u;ratulaled upon having s\icceeded to a business so 
ihoroughl) well estaiilished, so extensive and so 
popular. The iiotel was founded by Mr. Russell, 

Finn seven years 
to Mr. Moodie on 

who was followed by \Ir. 1'. W 
ap.o, .md who in turn gave place 
May 13th of this year. Having a frontage of 90 feet 
with a depth of 140 feet, and an elevation ol^ three 
thorougli-going, active and enterpris'ing business men, stories and basement, the hotel has a commanding 
and are well de.serving of all success. " appearance. Few houses of entertainment have so 

1 many accessories likely to be of interest to guests. 
i iiesides the billiard room (containing two tables) and 
F. Kean, Sons & Co., Dry Goods, Mississaga bar, there is a bowiing alley and a shooting gallery. 
Street. "Holding a prominent place among 'he old Stabling is provided for 25 horses; the yards and 
established and representative business houses in i sheds, together with buildings, in all covering about 
Orillia is that of Messrs. F. Kean, Sons 6c Co., dry ' an acre of ground. 44 bedrooms, a dining room, 70- 
poods and clothing merchants of Mississaga Si eet. , X30, four parlors, baths, and all modern improve- 
This business was established in 1S58, and from ! mcnts, combine to make this about as complete an 
the date of its inception it has kept stea<lily ad- i hotel as could be desired. The staff consists of 16 
vancing and developing year by yea.-. The premises | helps. The proprietor promises that by next winter 
occupied for the business are 25x90 feet in dimen- ' the premises shall be steam-heated, and lit by elec- 
sions and two stories and basement. The basement [ tricity. All trains and boats are met by a free 'bus 
is utilized for the carrying of surplus stock, the main | belonging to the hotel, and in every other way the 
flDor for the general store, and the second floor for comfort and convenience of guests have been studied. 

the merchant tailoring and mantle-inaking depart- 
ments. Here is carried a very large and well selected 
stock of dry goods, dress goods, Jer.sey cloths. Nuns' 
veiling, cut cashmeres, crape effects, etc. ; cottonades, 
shirtings, hosiery, notions and gloves, prints and 

Mr. iSIoodie is well experienced in the business, 
having previously kept the Revere House in I'erth, 
county Lanark, his native town. His obliging 
demeanor, together with his business push, have 
made him generally popular. 


TOWN OF Olill.r-IA 



•'Oolden Beaver," J. L. Tipping \ < '<>., I )ealcrs 
in Ciinict Family ( Iroc.rics, I'lovisions, (anneii 
Goods, i)ystcr<, I'orcijjn ami I )on)csiic Fruiis, cic. 
Tlu' Choicest Brands nf Cij^ars ami Tobr.ccos always 
ill SlocU. -The grocery trade is imdoulitedly one of till' 
greatest factors in the commerce ofthis cotiiilry, ami il 
is wonderful to conIeni|>late the magnitude it ha.^ as- 
sumed at the present time, when compared to the 
limit to which it was circumscrilied a few years ago. 
Among the popular grocery < stal)lishmenl> of Orillia 
there arc none eiijoying a higher reputation tlian that 
of Mesi-fs. |. L. Tipi>ing X- <'o., whose establishment 

is iil'.ntilied hyth.- Mgn of the " (ioliien Hea\er."' 
This business «as starteil eight years ago by Mr. II. 
!■■. Sinclair, when, -Jier four years, il became Sinclair 
i!v; Tipping, by whom it was jointly con<lucteil for iS 
months, when Mr. Tiiiping disposed of liis interest to 
Mr. Sinclair, till in h'ebruaiy of the piesent year he 
liought back the business, which is now carried on 
under the constitution of I. I.. 'I'ipping \ (\). In 
order to meet the re<iuiremeiil> of their rousiantly 
growing trade they intend moving shortly into laigii 
and more commodious premises, specially eiecled 
for business purposes, ciunprising a three-storied 
building, 27\<iS feet in cmiiensious. the whole block 
costing $!3,oo(3. Their business is of a thoroughly 
comprehensive nature, and in its wide variety in- 
cludes the products of e\ery country in tlie wcrhl, 
while the Iraile of the house is both wholesale ai.d 
retail. The slock carried includes evc.ything in the 
line of staple and fancy groceries, general provisions, 
hermetically sealed gooils in tin and gla.>s, breakfast 
cereals, sugars, spices and table dulicacies, foreign 
and domesiic fruits, together with the choicest brands 
of cigars and tobaccos. Special attention is paiil to 
teas, wliicli include the choicest productions of China 
and Japan, as well as fragrant colTees from Java, 
Mocha and South America. China and glassware, 
of foreign and domestic manufacture, of every cie- 
scrii)tion, is also dealt in. The individual members 
of this linn are Messrs. J. L. Tipping and ( leorge 
Thompson. Both are natives ot Canada, the former 
born in Orillia in i8(')0, and the latter in the same 
place in 1S62. Both are gentlemen o( business 
ability, energy anrl enterprise, thoroughly experienced 
in all details of the grocery trade. 

T. B. Mitchelli I'umiture Manufacturer, I'n- 
(iertaker, etc.-- I'or obtaining household sup|)lies in 
the way of furniture, carijcts, etc., the establishment 
of Mr. T. I). .Mitchell has long occupied a very 
prominent position amongst the business 
of Orillia. A marked improvement in the culture 
and general good taste of the public in connection 
with furniture has been maile manifest in recent 
years, anci in this respect the i)roduction.- of native 
mechanical talent in C.anida can compare with those 
of any country. Mr. Miti hell has been established 
in business in the furniture and house-furnishing line 
in Orillia for the last 15 years, and each successive 

year has witnessed the stead) growth and develop- 
ment of his business. Ilis premises on West Street 
are spacious and coinmodiou.^, where every facility is 
enjoved Ut the pro ecution of trade, the whole build- 
ing covt ring an area of I05\.j0 feet. The warerooms 
are re|)Iete with an extensive slock ot parlor and 
chamber furniture, sofas, side ami centre tables, 
chairs, bureaus. <lesUs, and in fact everything from 
the richest down to the plain kitchen furniture, and 
such as will suit the tastes and pockets of all. .Mr. 
Mitchell also carries a tine assortment of carpets, 
mattressts, sjiring beds, etc., ami a residence fur- 
nished throughout from this es- 
lablishtnei.t leaves the occujiant 
ab.-oluiely nothing to wish fiu-. 
In connection with this business. 
Mr. Mitchell conilucts a general 
undertaking business, and |)os- 
■•I sses i very facility and approv ed 
api liance for the prest rvation or 
inlMlmmg of the dead. Mr. 
Mitclu-U takes ihe entire cl arge 
of funerals, providing every re- 
ipiisite from the casket and 
ii.ournine badges up to provid- 
ing heaise ami carriages, performing all duties de- 
volving upnn him in ilii>,conneciion in a skillful and 
satisfactory maniu r. Ilis wide experience and mod- 
erale chargt s render 'him one of the most popular 
members of the piolis-ion, and he is |irepared to 
lurnish coUiiis anil caskets of all .-.izes ami (jualities, 
which he olllr> at pr ces which come within the 
reach i<i all, while every facililv is afTorded for the due 
and decorous p-rlorm.ince of the last offices to the 
(ieail. Mr. Mitcheli is also ag»nt for lleintzman'> 
piano'-, the Bell organ, and thi best sewing 
I'hi- geiuliman is a nalive of I'.iigland, and has been 
a le^idenl of Canada for 24 )ears. lie is an enter- 
prising business maii. and is highly resju'ctcd by all 
who know him. 

S. A. Hager, Dealer in (Iroceries, Provisions, 
Fruits, Canned doods. etc.- IVohably no l)u>ii'.e!-s lias 
had a more rapid growth than that of groceries, 
and this increase must be largely ascribed to the 
enterprise and efforts uf ihosc connec'ed with the 
trade, and who have made its extension a life study. 
Among the [jopular grocery establi-shments of Orillia, 
there are none enjoying a better reputation than that 
of Mr. S. A. I lager, who has been established in this 
business in his jiresent location for the last eighteen 
months. This gentleman has in that lime built I'p a 
solid connection in trade as a wholesale and retail 
dealer in groceiies, provisions, fruits, canned goo<ls, 
etc. The jiremises occupied are en Mississaga Street, 
and comprise a spacious stcjre, 60x20 feet in size, with 
a basement of similar dimensions. The stock carried 
is a full and complete one, and comprises a fine 
assortment of choice staple and fancy groceries, gene- 
ral provibions, hermetically sealed gooi's in tin and 
glass, breakfast cereals, sugar.=, spices, biscuits and 
the usual line of grocers' sundries usually found in all 
tirst-class establishments. Special attention is paid 
to teas and cotTees, which of all articles that enter 
into our daily coiisun^'ition are the hardest to obtain 
|)ure and of good (|uality ; those carried by Mr. 
' llager are the very finest products of China and Japan 
I !n teas, with fragrant coffees from Java, .Mocha and 
South America. Mr. Hager also deals in foreign 
and domestic fruit, as well as country produce. 
His trade is a widely extended one, as he ships goods 
to Waubaushene, Gravenhttrst, Midland, Victoria 
Harbor and other points, and in all deparlinenis he 


csl Str<;el 

facility is 

uilt' build - 


)arliir niui 

re lai)l(.'s, 

hing from 

lilure, and 

all. Mr. 

)f carpels, 

ck'pcc fiir- 

iMi ihis cs- 

c occupant 

wish fur. 


s a pcncrai 

and ])()s- 


( rvaiiim ur 

cad. Mr. 

lire cl argc 

J every rc- 

askct and 

to provid- 

dnlic> dc- 

-.killful and 

; and niod- 

)st [jopidar 

prepared to 

1 (|uaiities, 

within the 

for the (hie 

ices to tin; 

eiiilznian '.^ 


id has iieen 

s an enter- 

■ctcd hy all 

l)tisines-s has 
f groceries, 
ihed to the 
ed with the 
a Hfe study, 
s of Orillia, 
in tlian that 
islied in this 
St eighteen 
le built vp a 
e and retail 
ined goods, 
saga Stieet, 
in size, with 
lock carried 
)rises a fine 
:eries, gene- 
; in tin and 
biscuits and 

found in all 
ition is paid 
5s that entsr 
;st to obtain 
ied by Mr. 
la and Japan 

Mocha and 
s in foreign 
ry produce. 

ships goods 
id, Victoria 
lartments he 





This is one of the imjiortant cities of the Province of Ontario, and has a [jopulation approaching 1 1, coo, 
which is rapidly increasing. It is located 113 miles from Toronto, and 220 miles from Montreal, on the 
banks of the Moira River, which affords excellent water ])ower for manulacturing [lurposes at its confluence 
with the Bay of Qiiinte, and on the line of the (irand Trunk Railway. It is in Thurlow township, Hastings 
county, of which it is the county seat. It was settled by one Captain J. \V. Meyer in 1794, and was in- 
corporated as a city in 1878. It is an extensive manufacturing centre, containing breweries, foundries, 
saw mills, potteries, planing and other mills, tlie products of which, as well as grain, produce, etc., are 
shipped. There are three Episcopal, four Methodist, two l-resbyteriaii, and liaptist, C^atholic and Congre- 
gational churches. In educational matters it takes a high position, Iiavirg a high school, eight public and 
separate schools, with an average attendance of over r,ooo pupils ; and for the higher branches of educa- 
tion there are the Albert University and the Alexandria Ladies' College, which is a .Methodist institution. 
There is a Mechanics' Institute, having a library of 2,500 volumes ; an opera house, with a seating capacity 
of 1,200 ; a city hall, seating 500 ; and the Metropolitan hall, seating 700. Bellevdle is most charitably 
inclined, having an hospital and a home for the friendless, under the su;)ervision of the Women's Christian 
Association. For financial affairs there are two lianks ; and to keep the people informed on the news of 
the world there are two daily papers, the littelli^^etuer and Daily Ontario^ both of which issue weekly 
editions. The assessed valuation of real and personal property is $3,766,241, with a bonded indebtedness 
of $405,000. The city is well abreast of the times in all modern improvements, and has a street railway, 
is lighted with gas and electricity, and has an excellent fire department. 1 here are excellent stage, steam- 
oat and railway communications with all parts of the Dominion from this point. 



Wm. MeOI«, Stoves and Tinware, Front Street. 
— Among the many lines of business industry cen- 
tred in Helleville, that of stoves ard tinware is 
deservin}; of more than mere passing mention. The 
stove trade of Canada has assumed very extensive 
proportions of late years, mammoth manufacturing 
concerns lieing dotted throughout the country. In this 
city in the retail trade will be found Mr. VVm. Mc- 
Gie, who established his business as recently as six 

months ago, and has already made very marked pro- 
gress in it, with very bright prospects for the future. 
The premises occupied by the business consist of a 
store, which is located on Front S: , and is 20x75 feet 
in dimensions. Here a large and well assorted stock 
of stoves and ranges from some o'" the leading manu- 
facturing houses in the Dominion is carried, which 
he sells at a slight advance above cost, and thus is 
getting a large .ihare of the trade There is also a 
large stock of tinware and house-furnishing goods of 
this nature, and nothing that is required in this line 
but may here be found in abundance. Employment 
is furnished to four competent hands throughout the 
year. Mr. McGie is a native of Canada, of Scotch 
descent, and is a wide-awake, active and enterprising 
business man, and one well res oected by all who 
know him. 

O. W. SuI'Man, Fancy Goods, Tinware, etc., 
Front Street. — That Belleville is a progressive city, 
and is sure at no distant day to be an important 
centre of trade, is evidenced by the fact that its 
merchants have all the required energy and enterprise 
to accomplish this much desired result ; and also by 
the fact that many new business houses are being 
constantly started in the different lines of trade. 
Among those who have started within a compara- 
tively recent period is that of Mr. G. W. Sultnan, 

dealer in fancy goods and tinware, whose store is 
located on Front Street. This business was founded 
about one year ago, and has already taken a jiromi- 
nent position among the business houses in the city. 
The premises occupied are 20x55 feet in dimensions, 
with a department for tinware, 20x65 ^^^^ '" dimen- 
sions. A large and well assorted stock of fancy goods 
is carried, consisting of articles too numerous to be 
mentioned, both useful and ornamental ; and there is 
also a large stoc'< of house- furnishing goods in the 
tinware line. Mr. .Sulman is a native of Canada, 
and is a thorough-going and progressive business 
man, and a highly respected citizen. 

il> C. Pantdr, Gents' Furnishings, Laundry, etc., 
Front Street. — In detailing the various pursuits which 
are carried on in Belleville, and which, together, 
combine to make up its commercial importance, 
mention must be made of the gents' furnishings trade. 
In this line Mr. J. C. I'anttr is prominently identified. 
He established his business I }4 years ago, and during 
that comparatively short space of lime has built up a 
large and ever increasing custom. The premises 
occupied, which are located on F'roiU .Street, are 15X 
65 feet in dimensions, where a large and well assorted 
stock of gents' furnishings in all the most fashionable 
styles and latest novelties in neckwear, hosiery 
notions, suspenders, etc. Mr. I'anter is also a shirt 
manufacturer, and in this respect has earned a high 
reputation. The shirts marii- !;y Mm are perfect in 

lit, sit easily, and are of excellent ([uality, while the 
prices charged are extremely low. Shirts may be 
manufacturt-d and worn, but they will readily soil, 
and so a laundry is connected with the business, 
where ladies and gentlemen can get their v/ork done 
in an excellent manner, and on the shortest notice. 
The trade of the house is conducted at both wholesale 
and retail, and extends throughout the city and 
sections of surrounding country, while employment is 
furnished to seven capable hands and assistants. Mr. 
Pantei is a native of Canada, and is a go-ahead, 
active and enterprising business man, and one highly 
esteemed by all who know him. 

H> ft J.FoniliCigars and Tobaccos, Front Street. 
— Among the many business industries located in 
Belleville none are more deserving of particular 
mention than that of the dealer in cigars and tobaccos. 
There is nothing more refreshing or soothing to the 
tired nerves as a good cigar or a smoke of a pipe 
with fragrant tobacco. Among those prominently 
engaged in this line is the firm of Messrs. II. & J. 
Fenn, dealers in cigarsand tobaccos and tobacconists' 
goods, whose store is located on Front Street. This 
business was estatslished five years ago, and has been 
conducted by the present firm during the past three 
years. The premises occupied are neatly fitted up 
and contain a fine stock oi the choicest brands of im- 
ported and domestic cigars and tobaccos. Also un 
excellent line of smokers' goods, pipes, cigar and 
cigarette holders, tobacco pouches, match boxes and 
other articles of a similar nature. There is also a 
barber shop in connection with the establishment, 
where the most particular can get a good shave or 
hair cut in the highest style of the art, employment 
being furnished to four competent assistants. The 
members of the firm are natives of England, and are 
possessed of all those qualities, push, energy and 
enterprise which are bound to command success in 
any line of business. 

store is 


a promi- 

the city. 


in (limen- 

icy goods 

oils to he 

d tlicrc is 

Is in ihe 



nd (luring 
built up a 
are 15X 
so a ihirt 
d a high 
perfect in 
while the 
i may be 
(lily soil, 
/ork done 
:sl notice, 
city an(] 
ijynient is 
fits, Mr. 
le highly 



O'.^rg* RItohia li Oo., Dry (;oo(is, Merchant 
Tailoring, etc., Front Street. In all business com- 
munities there are to be found some houses that 
o'ertop all others in their line in enterprise, iil)ility 
and extent of their operations. Of course all cannot 
be at the head, and therefore it is the greater credit to 
those who are. In the dry goods line in Helleville, 
the house of Messrs. (leorge Ritchie iV; Co., of Front 
Street, must be awarded the post of honor. This 
house was established 30 years ago, and has long en- 
joyed a large share of the public patronage, not only 
of Belleville, but of the surrounding country. The 
oresent proprietor o( the business is Mr, Thomas 
Ritchie, brother of the founder, who iie succeeded 
ten years ago, but contitiu'es the business under the 
old title lor convenience sake. As the business i'-, 
conducted entirely on the Ccsh system, the goods car- 
ried are sold at the very lowest market prices, as there 
is no necessity for putting on a certain percentage 
to cover liad debt.s, as is usually done by the credit 
system, and cash paying customers are made io pay 
their proportion for those who do not. The premises 
occupied by the b isiness are 42x160 feet in dimen- 
sions and 3 stories in height, with a basement, which 
are substantially fitted up and suitably arranged (or 
the different departments conducted, the two upper 
stories being 42x100 feet in dimensions. In the dry 
goods department the stock is full and complete and 
comprises dress goods, silks, satins, velvets, linens, 
trimmings, hosiery notions, gloves, laces and all such 
other articles of a similar nature usually to be found 
in a first -class esiablishment of this character. In 
the millinery department will l)e found all the latest 
and most f.ishionabli; styles from London, Paris and 
New \'ork, and there are skilled milliners in attend- 
ance to make up goods to order. There are also 
dress and mantle makers in these departments, so 
that any lady can have those articles of attire made 
to order by this house in as high a style of the art as 
can be obtained in Toionto or Montreal, while the 
prices charged are more reasonable. The otlier 
branches of the business, which it is unnecessary to 
detail at length, as they are conducted on the same 
high standing r.s those enumerated, are merchant 
tailoring, carpets, general house- furnishing goods, 
and gents' furnishings. As .Mr. Ritchie goes to 
Europe twice every year to [lersonally select and 
purchase goods, his customers may rest assured that 
in no other house in the Dominion can they obtain 
better satisfaction than here. Employment is fur- 
nished to 70 skilled and competent operators in the 
difTerent dei)artments throughout the year. Mr. 
Ritchie is a native of Canada, and is a representative 
business man of marked ability and enterprise, and 
is President of the Board of Trade, and his house 
will be founri one of the best with which to form 
business relations. 

this city, and his services are highly appreciated by 
the owners of horses and cattle, who commend him 
in the highest terms ar an experienced, reliable and 
thoroughly (pialified veterinary surgeon. Mr. Foster 
furnishes medicine and gives his personal attention to 
all calls, and has a stable in connection with his 
office, where horses may be left for treatment. 

H. C. Diokans It Son, Bakers and Confec- 
tioners, I'ront Street. — The house of Messrs. II. C. 
Dickens iV Son, bakers and confectioners, on Front 
Street, Belleville, is one of the oldest established 
enterprises in this line in the city, having been insti- 

' luted by Mr. \Vm. Dickens 20 years ago ; it then 

] became iJickens & Sanderson, and more recently 

j that of the present title, whieh is 

I composed ol^ Mrs. II. C. Dickens 
iV .Son. The house has enjoyed 
an honorable and successful biisi- 

' ness career, and the length of time 
it has been in existence is of itself a 

! strong commendation. The prem- 
ises oecujiied are large and com-| 

I modioiis and handsomely fitted up, 
being 28x1 lofeet in dimensions, the 

I front part being utilized for the sale 
of fruits and confectionery, of 
which an excellent stock is carried. 

j Th'.re is an elegant refreshment 

: parlor, tastefully and artistically 

I furnished, containing 20 tables, with 

I another jirivate refreshment room in 
rear. Here is served at all times 

! first-class lunches, ice cream and 

I cakes and aerated beverages, there' 
being a beautiful soda fountain in ihe front store, 
the process of manufacture in the bakery the greatest 

I care is exercised in all details. None but the best 
brands of selected flour are used, and this, coupled 
with skillful suiiervision of experienced workmen, 
results in an output that can defy legitimate com- 
petition from any (piarter. F^mployment is furnished 
to nine skilled workmen and assistants throughout the 
year. Those in search of anything in the line fur- 
nished by this house will find great advantage by 
dealing with this old established, well-known and 
entirely reliable house. 


T. N. Foster, Veterinary Siirgeon, Front St. — 
One of the most successful of the skilled veterinary 
surgeons in Belleville is Mr. T. N. Foster, who has 
given his special attention to the ailments and dis- 
eases of horses and cattle for a number of years. He 
is a graduate of the Toronto Veterinary College, and 
is specially qualified to treat all the diseases of ani- 
mals. He possesses a thorough knowledge of the 
anatomy of the horse and his diseases, and knows 
how and when to apply the proper remedies. Mr. 
Foster has been established in this city for the past 
seven years, and was in Oshawa for some months pre- 
vious to removing here. He is a native of Canada, 
and has become very popular during his residence in 

Ra H< Sanderson, Fruit and Confectionery, 
Front Street. — One of the leading houses in the fruit 
and confectionery line in Belleville is that conducted 
by Mr. R. II. Sanderson, on Front Street. The 
premises occupied are 25x85 feet in dimensions, 
which are very tastefully fitted up, and make a hand- 
s(.>me display of the goods carried. There is also a 
neatly furnished refreshment parlor, where ice cream, 
cakes and soda water may be obtained at all times 
during the day and evening. Mr. Sanderson con- 
ducts a bakery in connection with the business, and 
in all gives employment to six competent assistants. 
He keeps an excellent stock of fresh fruits from tro- 
pical climes and the temperate zone ; also oysters in 
the shell, in bulk and canned, fine chocolate creams, 
and all kinds of confectionery. Nothing but the 
purest materials are used in the confectionery this 
house handles, which are received from some of the 
leading manufacturers in the Dominion. Mr. San- 
derson is a native of Canada, End has a thorough 
knowledge of the business he conducts. He is a 
gentleman well known and highly esteemed in the 




W> «l. Baksr, Carri.i^^c MnniifiK turer, Mill 
Street. — The art of carriage Imildinfj is an enterprise 
which in recent years has enj^agei! the attention of 
the u'.ost skillful mechanics, aiul the trade has grown 
to extended proportions, keeping piee wiih the 
times, and indeed in many respects ahead of its con- 
tem|)oraries, is the house of Mr. \V. J. liaker, which 
is located on Mill Street. This geiitlenian fouiiilcd 
his imsiness 23 years ago, and from a comparatively 
>^mall beginning has huilt up an enviable trade, which 

is still steadily increas- 
ing and now extends 
throughout Hastings 
ciiimty. The factory is 
50x75 feet in dimensions 
and is tilled 1^ with all 
the recpiireinents for the 
successlul |)roseriition ol 
the business. JMglit sLilled and competent workmen 
being given steady employmeiU Ilirougliout the year. 
Mr. Kaker manufactures all kinds of vehicles, buggies, 
carriages, waggons, sleighs, cutters, etc. The re]iu- 
tation wiiich his work has attaineil ihronghnul the 
country offers the best evidence of its merit, and the 
steady increase of his operations is a signilicant 
indication of the apjireciation in which his pro- 
ductions are held. Particular attention is p.-iid to 
the selection of all raw material used, which is the 
very best that can be procured : care is also taken to 
employ none but intelligent and skilled labor, and 
this, coupled to the complete knowledge of the busi- 
ness possessed by Mr. IJaker, all unite in the pro- 
duction of goods that will compare favorably with 
any others in the Uominion. Mr. JJaker is a native 
of Canada and i.-, an ex-member of the Hoard of 
Aldermen of Bellcille. 

(lespilrh. The following are the ofiiceA, who are 
all old employees of the Hrown .Manufacturing Co. : 
\V. \V. Lee, I'resident ; William Tenant, Vice- 
President ; Directors, VV. Hopkins, A. I'ullerlon, 
T. Rowlands ; James Kdgar, Manager, .Secretary and 

O. 8r il. Brown Manufacturing Co., 

Founders and Machinists, Front Street. --One of the 
most imiioriant of the manufacturing industries 
in Helleville is that conducted liy the (1. vV J. 
Hrown .Manufacturing Co., founders and machinists, 
whose works are located on Front Street. This 
business was established as long ago as 1846, and 
throuch jiersistent enterprise, energy and i.ijility has 
been built up from a comparatively small beginning 
to its present extensive proportions. The building 
occupied is 60x400 feet in dimensions, and is fitted 
up with all the latest and most improved machinery 
for the successful ])rosecution of the work in hand. 
The firm give employment to 35 skilled and compe- 
tent workmen in the different br.-nches of their manu- 
facture. The hrm manufacture all kinds of agricul- 
tural implements, such as reapers, mowers, horse rakes, 
gang plows, circular saws, portable steam threshing 
engines; they are also bridge builders and manu- 
facturers of all kinds of railway sup|ilies, which 
are supplied with the latent improvements ; Ben- 
nett's patent Champion fanning mill engines, 
boilers, and every description of mill work. 
This brief enumeration will convey some idea of the 
extent of the operations of the house, whose trade 
extends throughout the entire Dominion, from Hali- 
fax on the east, to Vancouver on the west. The 
work done by this hou-^e is ot a most superior tiuality, 
and has earned a high and widespread reputation 
throughout the country, excellence being at all times 
the motto of the firm. In all matters of improve- 
ments on machinery and agricultural implements 
they keep steadily abreast of the limes, and all work 
entrusted to them will receive the most jiarticular at- 
tention, and he executed with promptness and 

Walmsley ft Spafford, (irocers, I''ront Street. 
.\mong the biisinos hou^e.s of importance in the 
I grocery traile in lielleville is that of Messrs. Walm- 
sley & Sjiafl'ord, whose store is located on Front 
I Street. This busin ss \vn.s establisheil here six years 
ago, and has always held a prominent imsition in the 
.trade, while its operations have steadily increased 
from year to year. The premises occupied by the 
businei-s are 35x124 ff<'t in dimensions, anil are fitted 
up ta.slefully and suitably for the trade conducted. 
Here a very large stock of staple and fancy groceries 
is c;iirii'd, consisting of the ciioicesl brands of teas 
ami coffees, ])ure spices, dried Iruils, table delicacies, 
hernuticaily sealed goods, an excellent (|uality of 
provisions, and all those other articles of a similar 
nature usually to be found in a flvst -class house of tliis 
character. The trade is conducted both at wholesale 
! and retail, and embraces the city of Htlleville and 
I sections of the surrounding country. lieingimjjorters 
• and buying in large (juaniitics direct from first hands, 
they are enabled to secure the largest discounts, and 
> thus can sell to the trade and the public at the lowest 
market prices, a fact that appears to be well under- 
: stood if the excellent trade engaged by the house is 
'. any criterion. Both members of the firm are natives 
of Canada, and have had many years' experience in 
the grocery business, and thoroughly understands it 
in every detail. Mr. Walmsley is a retired captain 
of the 15th Battalion. 

C. H. Vermilyea, Clothing md Cent's Tnirnish- 
ings, Front Street. --The city of Belleville is well 
supplied with business he mses of various lines of trade, 
which will bear comjiarison with many of the larger 
cities in the Dominion for extent of lousiness trans- 
acted and the nature and character of their transac- 
tions. Among those promintmtly identifitid with the 
clothing and gents' furnishing trade here is Mr. C. H. 
Vermilyea, whose store is located on Front Street. 
This business was established three years ago and 
rapidly advanced to a position of prominence, increas- 
ing steadily year by year. The premises occupied for 
the purposes of business are 22x55 ^'^^^ •" dimensions 
and are two stories in height, where is contained a 
large and well assorted stock of ready-made clothing, 
in all sizes to suit men, youths and boys. The gar- 
ments are cut in the latest and inost fashionable styles 
by some of the leading houses in Canada. In the gents' 
furnishings department the stock is full and complete, 
and embraces all the novelties in neckwear, hosiery, 
notions, suspenders, gloves, etc. Mr. Vermilyea 
makes it a business principle to sell cheap, for he be- 
lieves that a " nimble sixpence is better than a slow 
shilling," and hence the large trade he does. He 
gives emjiloyment to three competent clerks through- 
out the year in the operations of the Imsiness. Mr. 
Vermilyea is a native of Canada and is a gentUnian 
highly esteemed by all who know him for his. .iiany 
excellent business and social qualities. Since writing 
the above Mr. Vermilyea has moved to the old busi- 
ness stand, known as "Oak Hall," where he has 
I increased his trade and his stock double. He has 
j established a strictly one price business, and will 
always be found at the head of the clothing trade in 
I Belleville. 

^ho ate 



Albarl L. 0««n( Druggist, Front Street.— 
Among the more important, prominent and pojuilar 
old eslabiishfd drug stores in ncUcville is that con- 
(hicted by Mr. A. L. C.een, which is located on Front 
Street. This business wiis purchased from J. ('. 
HoUlen on the 2nil Octol)cr, 1871, and soon gained a 
leading position among the pharmacies in the city. 
The premises occupieil are 28x75 feet in dimensions 
and are arranged with neatness and taste and made 
attractive with double plate-glass show windows and 
in the interior with ornamental counters, cases and 
cabinets. In its a|)pointments it is c"ni|jlete ir. every 
detail and has gained a re nit,iti(jn lor being one of 
the most reliable and ably conducted drug stores in the 
city. Mr. Geen is an accomplished chemist and phar- 
macist, having gained a thorough knowledge of the 
business through years of experience, and as a com- 
pounder of physicians' prescriptions and diflicult 
formuhe, is not surpassed either in skill 01 exactitude 
by any other. The stock ccmtains fresh and pure 
<lrugs and chemicals, fancy and toilet articles, so.ips, 
perfumeries, proprietary medicines of acknowledged 
merit and those articles re(|uired by physicians in 
their practice. Mr. (ieen also keeps paints, oils, 
window glass, plaster of Paris, and cements, and 
also a full line of seed. I'imployment is liirnishetl to 
a number of competent assistants and ajiprjiuices in 
the operations of the business. Mr. (leen is a 
native of Canada and is highlv esteemed by all 
who know him, and was a member nf the Council 
for three years. 

Stroud BrOS>« Importers of Teas and Coffees, 
Ashley Block, Front .Street. -^-One of llie most im- 
portant of the business houses in liell'jville is that of 
Messrs. Stroud ISros., imjiorters of and dealers in 
teas and coffees, whose store is located in Ashley 
Ulock, on Front Street. Thi-; business was estah- 
lisheil in this city four years and a half ago, and since 
the date of its inception has ever enjoyed a large 
share of public patronage. The firm make a specialty 
of teas and coffees of their own importation, which 
they can thus guarantee in every respect. Some of 
the brands carried are Japans, Young Ily.sims, Gun- 
powders, HIacks, extra choice India, .\ssam, and 
extra choice Formosa Oolong. The coffees are ground 
fresh every day. Importing direct, as they do, in 
large quantities, to su]i]ily the demands of their 
stores in Montreal, Ottawa, Kingston, Toront<i and 
this city, they are enabled to place their goods upon 
the market at the lowest prices, a fact that is appa- 
rently well understood by their numerous customers. 
The manager of the 15elleville is Mr. A. Minto. 
a Canadian by birth, and a gentleman eminently 
<iuaiified for the po.sition, as he has many years" 
experience in the tea and coffee business, and thor- 
oughly understands its every detail. 

3-story stone structure, 45x65 feet in dimensions. It 
contains 15 '"omfortably furnished and well lighted 
bed chambers, large dining h.'ill, tastefully furnished 
private jiarlor, business ofVice, a neatly fitted up bar, 
where the choicest brands of wiv.s and liquors and 
the finest of imported and domestic cigars can be ob- 
tained ; also, a billiard room, containing three excel- 
lent tables. The menu provided by the house is all 
that the most fastidious could desire, and the (uisitit 
is faultless, while the rates charged are very moderate. 
Fmployment is furnished to six competent and cour 
teoiis assistants, who look well after the interests of 
the guests. Mr. (;ilis(m is a gentleman well km wn 
and highly spoken of by the travelling public, and is 
highly esteeme<l by all classes of the comnninity. 

I A. R. Ohown, Hardware, Front Street. There 
I are few business industries of more imjiortance in any 
{community than that in hardware. The articles 
j dealt in are used in every househol.l, oflice, and in 
[ all building operations, as well as in all farming 
j industries. Holding a jirominenl place among those 

engaged m this line in lielleville is .Mr. A. K. 

Chown, whose store is located on i'ront Street. 

OlbSOn HouSOf Robert Gibson, Proprietor, cor. 
Bridge and I'ront Streets.— A town or city is very 
often judged by the hotel accommodation which it 
afTords, and there is a great measure of truth in the 
estimate. In this respect Belleville is fortunate in 
possessing some very good hostelries. One of the 
oldest established and most popular in the city is the 
Gibson House, which is located on the corner of 
Bridge and Front Streets, and of which Mr. Robert 
Gibson is the proprietor. This house was established 
20 years ago, and has always been a favorite resort 
with the travelling public, as it has always been ex- 
cellently managed. The house is a substantial 

This business was established 20 years ago by -Mr. 
Turner, G. Chown, R. Chown lV Co., A. Chown, 
W. \V. Chown & Bro., who vsere succeeded I^ 
years since by the present |)roprietor, Mr. A.^ R. 
Chown. The business, ever since the cbte of its 
inception, has proved successful, and has steadily, 
year by year, increased in extent and importance. 
The premises occupied are large and commodious, 
and are well adapted to the business conducted, 
being 24x85 feel in dimensions, with a large basement 
for the storage of heavy goods. The stock carried is 
large, well as.sortcd and complete in every particular, 
being well selected and embracing everything in the 
line of shelf hardware, stoves and tinware, while 
there is a special department for the manufacture of 
tin, galvanized iron and pijie, furnace work, etc. 
Fmployment is furnished to three skilled workmen 
and assistants in the operations of the business 
throughout the year. Mr. Chown is a native of 
Canada, and is a gentleman of large business experi- 
ence, and thoroughly understanding the wants of the 
public is ever ready to meet their demands in the 
most satisfactory manner. 





'■3-'. ■'! i 

Hasting* Lean and lnv«stm*nt Seolaty, 

J. 1'. C. I'hillips, Mana^jer, Front Slrccl. Tho mon- 
etary in!ilitutions and loan societies of Canada liolii a 
high place amon^ the financial houses of the world. 
Their affairs, as a rule, are ( onducted u|)on the nu)st 
conservative liasis, security la'in^; more sought after 
than extended husiness. Holding a high position 
among the loan societies of the country is the Hast- 
ings Loan and Investment Society, of lielleville. 
This Society is incorporated by Act of I'arliameiit, 
has lieen established over II years, and since 
the date of its ince|)tion it has niade marked pro- 
gress and steailily developed in strength and im])ort- 
ance year by year. The authorized capita! of the 
society is $250,000, and the subscribed cipital 
$225,000. The foliowinj.^ well known gentlemen are 
the officers for the present year: President, Hon. 
Mackenzie Howell, Minister of Customs ; Vice-l'resi- 
dents, Rev. A. C^ampbell, John iirenion, I'^sip, Man- 
ager, J. I'. C. Phillips, Msi).; I)irect(jrs, Hon. Mac- 
kenzie Howell, Kev. A. Campbell, John Hrenton, 
Es(|., John Kow, I'.s'|., John Hell, i;s(|., <^).C., solici- 
tor (irand Trunk Railway, John McMullen, Es(|., 
Thos. li. Wragg, I'",s<|., A. Robertson, Es(|., M.I'., 
Wm. Hamilton, I'^sci.. manager .Merchants Hank ; 
Bankers, Merchants Hank of Canada ; Solicitor, (ieo. 
D. Dickson, Kscj., (,).C. In iSSo, two half-yearly 
dividends at the rate of 7 per rent, per annum were 
declared, and $1,41 5.09 placed to the credit of tlie 
Reserve Fund, making the amount to that credit 
$11,624.57. The loans of the Society amount to 
$292,050.30; the appraised value of the |)roperly 
upon which this money was loaned is $542,000. 
This is an excellent showing for the Society, and is 
evidence of the efficient manner in which its afl'nirs 
have been managed. Its manager, J. P. C. Phillips, 
Ksip, is a gentleman well ((uaiilied for the position, 
having much executive and financial ability. He has 
been its manager for the past nine years, and is held 
in the utmost c inlkiencc and esteem by the share- 
holders and the public generally. 

Th* Family Emporium, J. C. Overt!!, Pro- 

|)rietor, Books and Stationery, Front Street. 
Prominent among the old established and popular 
busine.'S houses in Helleville is that of Mr. J. C. 
Overell, bookseller and stationer, whose store is 
located on I'ront Street. This business was esiali- 
lished in this city 23 years ago, and ever since the 
dale of its inception it has met with marked support, 
and has steadily continued to extend and develop in 
importance. The i)reniises occupied are 24x100 feet 
in dimensions, and are tastefully lilted u]i and suit- 
ably arranged lor the requirements of the business 
conducted. A very large and well selected stock is 
carried of books and stationery of every dejcription 
for the home, the school and the oflice ; also fancy 
goods of every kind in extent and variety that would 
require a volume to enumerate. The sportsman is 
not forgotten, f^n- fishing tackle, flies, sjioons, reels, 
rods, etc, are here to be found in abundance. In the 
wall paper depart.ment will be found an excellent 
stock of the newest and most fashionalde designs for 
the parlor, bedroom and hall ; also dados, friezes, etc. 
The stock is very complete in all the lines, and the 
prices charged are moderate in the extreme. Employ- 
ment is furnished to five competent assistants in the 
different departments. Mr. Overell is. a native of 
London, England, and has resided in this country for 
53 years. He was a member of the Council in Paris, 
Ontario, and was engaged at one time in the dry 
goods business in Quebec for some years. He is a 
gentleman highly esteemed by all who know him. 

Union Hotol, John Cauthier, Front Street. 
Nothing so conduces to the good temper and happi- 
ness of the travelling public as a good, comfortable 
hotel. After the fatigue of tra.-elling to be able to 
feel at home in an hostelry sooths the tired limbs and 
the mind at one and the same time. Among the 
most comfortable of the hotels in lielleville is the 
" Union,'' which is located on I'ront .Street. This 
house was established 25 years ag(., and has always 
enjoyed an excellent reimtation with travellers .nnd 
tourists. .Mr. John (iauthier succeede<l .Mr. Fr.'nk 
Troist two years ago, and instituting some char|;es 
has made the place more popular than ever. 
The hotel, which is 50x85 feet in dimensions and 
three stories in height, contains eleven comfortably 
furnished bedrooms, which are well lighted and ven- 
tilated and comfortably heated in winter. There is 
a large dining room and tastefully furnished parlor and 
other modern accommodations. The menu is all that 
could be desired and the intsine is unexceptionable. 
There is a large billiard room, containing three first- 
class tables, and a finely fitted up bar room, where the 
choicest of imported and domestic wines ann liquors 
and cigars may be obtained. The rales of the house 
are very moderate. .Mr. (lauthier, the proprietor, is 
a I'Vench-Canadian by birlh, ami is a live, active and 
enterprising business man and a genial and popular 

Halnoa Ik Lookett, lioots and Shoes, Front 
Street. — One of the most prominent and popular hoot 
and shoe houses in central Ontario is that of Messrs. 
Haines & Lockett, whose main store is located on 
Front Street, Helleville. This house was founded 23 
years ago, in this city, in a comparatively small way, 
but by energy, indomitable industry and enterprise, it 
was steadily built up and developed, and the firm 
opened a branch in Trenton, and then another in 
Kingston. The premises occupied in Belleville are 
25x100 feet in dimensions and two stories in height, 
where a large and elegant slock of boots and shoes, 
slippers, rubbers for ladies pnd gentlemen, misses, 
youths and children, are carried in all kinds, from 
the heavieft kip to the finest of kid, and in the most 
stylish shapes. A complete line of trunks, valises 
and travelling re(|uisiles is also carried. The trade is 
conducted at both wholesale and retail, and extends 
throughout the city and sections of the surrounding 
country. I'",niploynient is furnished to ten competent 
ami courteous assistants in the operations of the 
business in Belleville, six in Kingston, and four in 
Trenton. The individual members of the firm are 
Messrs. J. J. Haines, Jr., the founder of the business, 
a native of Kingston, Canada, and F. G. Lockett, 
an F^nglishman by birlh. They are among the most 
representative business men in Belleville, and take a 
deep interest in whatever pertains to its welfare. 

Wm. Davis, Harness Manufacturer, Front Street. 
— Among the more important of the manufacturing 
industries of any civilized community is that of har- 
ness making. It would certainly be interesting to 
read the descriptions of the various styles of harness 
made and in use in the different countries of the 
earth, or, in fact, of the different changes that have 
taken place in those of our own country. Prominent 
among those engaged in this line of industry in 
Belleville is Mr. Wm. Davis, whose store is located 
on Front Street. This gentleman established his 
business 23 years ago, and by steady industry, energy 
and enterprise coupled with ability, he has always 
enjoyed a large share of public patronage and built 
up his present lucrative business. The premises 



occupied by the business are i8x6o feet in dimensions, 
where employment is lurnisiied to four skilled and 
competent workintMi lhrout;hout the year, in the 
manufacture of linlit and heavy, sinjjle and double 
harness. Nothing; but the best i(uality of material 
and trinmiint;s is used, and the work done by the 
house cannot bo surpassed for style, finish, durability 
and eiejjance by that of any other house in the city. 
Mr. Davis is a native of Canada, and is a skilled, 
practical harness^ uiaker and an eiilerprisinf; and 
pr(mressive business man, highly esteemed by all 
classes of the c<immunity, whom he has servetl in tlie 
Couiicil and .Sehool Hoards, 

JohnO> Frost, Manufacturer of l''ine and Mulium 
Cabinet Ware, U|)holstcry, Ornamental Draperies, 
etc. — One of the leadini; and most thoroughly e(|uip- 
ped productive industries of Itelleville is the manu- 
facture of line furniture and u])holstery. There are 
in this branch of business a number of lirst-class es- 
tablishments which, in the character of the ^joods 
|)roduced, will (:om|)are most f.ivorably with the best 
houses in the Dominion ; aiiinni' these is the well- 
known house of Mr. John (i. Irost, whose establish- 
ment is located on 1' runt Street, This business wns 
established in 1874 an<l soon took a leading place in 
the trade, which it has steadily continued to improve 
upon during the passing years. The building occu- 
pied for the iiusiness is a substantial three-story struc- 
ture, 32x145 feet in dimensions, the factory i)eing tit- 
ted up with all the latest and most improved wood- 
working machinery. Thirty-one skilled workmen are 
employed and the product is a large (piantity annually 
of all i<inds, styles and grades of furniture, a specialty, 
however, being made of line and rx'dium cabinet 
ware, upholstery and ornamental draperies, etc. In 
the salesrooms is displayed a magnilicent stock and 
wonderfully com|)lete in assortment. It endiraces 
everything in the line, such as neat cottage sets, fme 
chamber sets in numerous designs, dining room and 
hall furniture and rich parlor stts, beside.': a great 
variety of novelties in the sh;ipe of centre tables, 
library furniture, card tables and stands, etc To 
liousekeei)crs and others interested in the subject, 
this establishment is well worthy ,1 visit if merely to 
inspect the beautiful array of handsome goods which 
are for sale at the very lowest market prices. .Mr. 
Frost is a native of England, and is an esteemed and 
public-spirited citizen and has served six years in the 
City ('ouncil ; and it is but just to say that the splendid 
establishment that he has built up is but a sequel to 
the unusual energy anil ability which he has brought 
to bear upon his business. 

Jamas Hennossy, Dry Goods and Merchant 
Tailoring, Front Street. — Holding a prominent and 
important place among the leading dry goods houses 
in Belleville is that of Mr. James Ilennessy, which is 
eligibly located on the principal thoroughfare of traile, 
Front Street. The success that has attended it since 
its inception 12 years ago is sufficient evidence that 
it has always been conducted upon the strictest prin- 
ciples of business morality and honorable and liberal 
dealing. The premises occupied for the business are 
24x115 feet in dimensions and three stories in height, 
and are tastefully and suitably fitted up for the 
requirements of the trade. The house has a high 
reputation for keeping not only a large but a first- 
class stock of the best quality of goods. The stock 
of silks is very complete, as is also the case with dress 
goods, while in cloaks, cloths, dimities, linen table 
cloths and table napkins, sheetings, hosiery notions, 

underwear, trimmings, etc., it is not excelled. In 
the merchant tailoring <lepartment will be found an 
excellent stock of imported and domestic clolhtt, 
woollens, tweeds, etc., in all the latest and most 
fashionable patterns from which to select. A staff of 
skilled ()|)erators and first-class cutters are employed, 
and the garments manufacturtil are not surpassed 
here or elsewhere for fit, style and i)erfectlon of 
finish, while the prices chargeil are very moderate, 
Mr. Ilennessy, the propiitlor, is a native of Ireland, 
and has a thorough knowledge of every detail of his 
business, and those forming business relations with 
him will find all transactions conducted upon the 
most satisfactory basis. In the <litferent departments 
of his business he gives employment throughout the 
year to 20 competent ami courteous assistants and 

I Jamas Jehnaton, Merchant Tailoring, Front 
I Street. The iiu:e|)tion of new business houses in 
' any community is always an encouraging sign, show- 
ing plainly that the i)lace is progressing, an<l that its 
prospects for. the future are of the brightest, and such 
' is in reality the case with IJelleville. Among those 
I who have started in busincis here williin a conqiara- 
i lively recent period, and who are worthy of special 
mention in a work ol this nature, is Mr. James 
; Johnston, merchant tailor, whose store is located on 
Front .Street. This gentleman established his busi- 
ncj-s over one year ago, aiul has already built up an 
j excellent custom. The reason for this is not far to 
I look for : In his large and haiulsome store, which is 
15x100 feet in dimen.sions, and is titled up with 
I much t.nste, is carried a huge and elegant stock of 
I imported and domestic fabrics, woollens, tweeds, 
I etc , in all the latest and most fashionable patterns. 
j These he makes up to order, by measure, in the 
! highest style of the art, perfect in fit, beuulilul in 
style and elegant in finish, in which important ([uali- 
ties they are not suri)asseil by any other house in the 
' city, while the prices charged are moderate in the 
'extreme. I'lmploymenl is furnished to 15 skilled 
[ and competent operators and courteous assistants in 
the operations of the inisiriess throughout the year. 
.Mr. Johnston is a native of Canada, and is a gentle- 
I man of extended business experience, and, thoroughly 
i understanding the wants of the public in his line, is 
j ever ready to meet their requirements. 

S. A. Spanganbarg, Importer and Manufacturer 
of Watches, Clocks, Jewellery, Masonic Regalia, Sil- 
ver- Plated Ware, etc., Front .St. — The business of the 
above mentioned house established 14 years ago, 
since which ]ieriod it has succeeded in building up an 
important trade, which extends well over Helleville 
and this section of Ontario. The premises occujjied 
for the business are located on Front .Street, and are 
15x45 feet in dimensions, which are fitted up in a 
very tasteful and elaborate manner, with plate-glass 
show cases and caLinels for the proper display of the 
fine line of goods cavried, which consist ol gold and 
silver watches, clocks, chains, rings, brooches, scarf 
pins, sleeve buttons, silver-plated ware, and many 
other beautiful and artistic articles too numerous to 
mention. In the manufacturing department all con- 
veniences and facilities are at hand in the way of 
improved tools and appliances, and where employ- 
ment is furnished to six skilled workmen and assist- 
ants. Mr. Spangenberg manufactures all kinds of 
fine gold and silver jewellery, including rings, chains, 
jets, medals, masonic regalia, etc. The best work 
only is turned out, and this, coupled to low prices 



and promptness, has been n|)precialc<I hy the trade. 
A specially is made of all kinds of jol)t)in(; and re- 
pairinf;. 'I'he hoiist- also iinporls direct from some of 
the leading; watch mamifactnrers and jewellers abroad, 
Mr. Spaiigcnberj; is a native of Canada, and of (ler 
man descent, lie is a th<)ri)iijjh(;oin(; man of busi- 
ness and a public-spirited citizen, highly esteemed by 
all classes of the community. 

Wm. Thor ipsen, Undertaker, Maniiractiirei and 
Dealer in all kinds of I'lrsl class Furniture, Ironi 
Street. The manufacture of modern furniture may he 
classed among the (ine arts, for the ^oods jiroduccd 
are very artistic in design ami excelletit in finish. 
Amoiif,' those iironiinenlly en^ajjed in ihis line of 
business in Belleville i.-. Mr. \Vm. Thompson, whose 
warero(uns are located on l-'ront Stri-et oi)p<isite the 
t'ity Hotel. This business was est;d)lished on the 
1st March, i8Si, and since that time it has made 
very marked development ami steadily increased 
in extent and im|)orlan(-e. Employment is furnished 
to twelve skilled and competent workmen through- 
out the year in the niaiuifacture of (irslclass house- 

lar with the travelling public than ever. The house 
is a substantial two-story stone structure, .',Sx7 J feet 
in dimensions. It contains six comfortr'ily furnished 
bedro ims, which arc well lighttd and ventilated ; a 
good-si/ed dining room and a neatly titteil up bar, 
where s|iiritual refreshment can be had in 'he shape 
of the best branils of wines and licpiors, and the 
choicest of imported ami domestic cigars. Ti.e /;/<■//« 
contains all that the most fastidious coulil desire in 
tlie shape of the delicacies of the season, backed up 
by the more substantial viands, while the iiti.iifif is 
all that could be desire<l. Mr. Kyan is an active an<l 
enterprising business man, and makes a genial host, 
looking well after the comfort and convenience of 
his guests. He is a native of Canada, and has tin- 
good will and esteem of all who know him. 

O'BrUn's Hotel, \Vm. \. Taylor, Kront Street. 

Holding a promincnl place among the old estab- 
lished and |io|)uhir hotels in lielleville is (J'Hrien's 
Hotel, whi( h is most eligibly located on I'ront Street, 
in the business cenire of the city. .Mr. O'Hrien, 
after whom the huiisu is calle<l, established the busi- 

hold and office furniture, which is beautiful in its 
artistic design and richly U|)holstered. He makes it 
a business policy to sell his goods at the lowest pos- 
sible prices, and thus has built a most enviable trade 
throughout lielleville and sections of the surrounding 
country. Mr. Tliompson is also a funeral director, 
and conducts this most delicate of business enter|)rises 
in a highly satisfactory manner, giving entire satis- 
faction to the family and friends of the departed, and 
in this regard has won a high and witlespread repu- 
tation. He supplies coffins, caskets, hearses, and all 
the minor re(|uisites for these mournful occasions. 
Mr. Thompson is a native of Ireland, and has reside<l 
in this county many years, where he is well known 
and highly esteemed by all classes of the community. 

Hsadquarfars Hetal, Wm. Ryan, Front St.— 
Among the more comfortable and convenient hotels 
in Belleville that enjoy a high reputation is that 
known as the "Head<iuarters." This house was 
established 20 years ago, and has been at all times 
successfully conducted. The present proprietor, Mr. 
Ryan, succeeded Mr. A. Dulmage on the 1st of May 
of the present year, and has instituted many im- 
provements, which will make the house more popu- 

ness JO years ago on 'he opjio-ite side of the street, 
and opened this place 15 years since. He wai 
succeeded by Messrs. McNully iV Hult, who con- 
ducted it for \'/2 years, when they, in turn, were 
succeeded by the jjrtsent proprietor, Mr. Taylor. In 
size and accommodations O'Brien's Hotel is one of 
the leading ones of the city ; it has a frontage of 80 
feet by a dej)th of 45 feet, and is three stories in 
height, and contains jo comfortably furnished bed- 
rooms. Its interior is neatly fitted up and comfort- 
ably arr.anged ; the dining room is large and well 
arranged ; the table set by Mr. Taylor is first-class in 
every particular, and the delicacies of the season are 
served as well as the more substantials. while the 
cuisine is all that the most fastidious could desire. 
There is a tastefully fitted up bar in connection, 
where the choicest brands of imported and domestic 
wines and liquors as well as the choicest C'gars can 
be obtained. There is a stable in rear of the hotel 
with accommodations for 75 horses. Kmployment is 
furnished to 10 competent and courteo"s assistants 
in conducting the atTairs of the hotel. r. Taylor is 
a very pleasant gentleman and a genial h if.', and 
takes particular pains to look after the comfort and 
convenience of his guests, while his charges are very 



The house 
•,5x75 ficl 


lilatcd ; n 

ii|> linr, 

If shn|ie 

ami tilt- 
Pi.f menu 

ilfsirc in 
ackfd u|> 
I uisiiii' is 
iciivf and 
nial host, 

IliclKf ui 

I has tlic 


This is a.. im..ip<)rat.-d town on the Kivcr Trmi, from which it derivct its name, ami is loi miles 
cm-,t from Toroni... The Tnnt hero has its conlhirncr with the Ilav of (Jiiinte. Trenton is in Sydney 
township, Ilnstint's county, and is 12 miles wi-st of IVIIcville, which is the county seat. Thi» place was 
settl-d in I7.)«, an.l was incrporated as a town in i.Syy. It has several important mnr ■ '.u,lurinK indus- 
tries, such as paper, saw and Hour mills, the pro.iucls fn.m which are largely shipped to all p-ints, as well 
as timber, grain and produce. It is n..l iackin^ in religious instituti-.n- , Having rreshyterian, Melho.liM, 
Catholic and Kpiscopal churches ; an.l for educational purposes there are three pul.lic schools, with an 
average attendance of 70(1 pupils. There is a public ball f..r amusements, lectures, concerts, etc., with a 
seating capacity of 450. For the convenience of linanrial matters there are two rbartcre.l banks ; and two 
weekly newspapers the Tuvl Valley Aaro.aU and the Coioivt disseminat,; the news of the world. 
Trenton has a populati.m of somewhat over 5.000, and the assessed valuation of real aiitl personal properly 
IS $i,ooo,coo, with a bonde.l indebtedness of $ Theie is excellent steamboiii and railway com 
inunication from Trenton to river and lake ports .md inland towns. 

Oilb«r« W. Ostrom, i:\Mayor of Trenton. 
Iloldiii;^ a hij;li and hon.ired place? among the citi/eiis 
of Trenton is (iiliiert W. Ostrom, i;s.(., the popular 
ex-mnyor. This ^'eiuleman is a native of Melleville. 
Ont., in which place lie was born in June, iSj7 



has achieved a high reputation in let:;al circles, having 
studied law with John Hell. <^).C.. and also with the 
Hon. Lewis Wallbridge, at present Chief [ustice of 
Manitoba. He commenced his professional career 
in Belleville, having been called to the bar in 1809. 
In the beginning of 1S77 hetemoved to Trenton, and 
soon made bis influence felt, and through liis instru- 
mentality the village soon developed into a town. 
He was a member of the common council in 1878, 
and was deputy reeve in 1879, representing the village 
in the county council. In the following year he was 
elected reeve, and succeeded in having Trenton incor- 
porated as a town. In 1881 he was reeve, member 
of tiie town council and also of the county council. 
It was through his indefatigable etTorts that the 
Central Ontario Railroad was started, and opened up 
the great mining districts north of Trenton. In 
January last Mr. Ostrom was elected mayor by 
acclamation, which was a fitting testimonial of the 
appreciation in which he was held by the people of 

MoCroady li Oe«, Merchant Tailoring, (ients" 
liiriiishings. etc.. I'roni .Street. -The occupation of 
the niercliant 'ailor is an indispensable one in the 
business industries of any coiiimimity. Well-littiiig 
garments in these modern days have become more 
than ever a necessity, for men now-a days are mo?t 
fie(|iienily judged iiy the clothes they wear. The 
business of .Messrs. McCreadv iS; Co., merchant 
tailors, w.Ts estaiilished 20 years ago, and has 
steadily continued to iticrease and develop with the 
development ol Trenton. The premises (jccupied by 
the lirni are located on Front Street and are 20x65 
leet in dimensions, where are displayed a variety of 
fabrics, iiu-liKJing the linest of importeil goods, wliich 
have been selected wilii a judgment which a life-long 
experienne in the business confers. The lirm give 
em|)loyincnt to 12 ■, killed and competent ojierators in 
the marnifaclure of garmenls to ordi' j n.easure, 
which for style, fit and general excellence of linish 
are not surpassed by those of any other merchant 
tiilor in this section of the countr}'. while the i>rices 
eharged are most reasonable and must meet the views 
of the most economical. The house also carry an 
excellent stock of gents' furnishings in all the latest and 
most fashiona!)le novelties; also a full and s|)lendid 
assortment of hats and ca|)s from the leading manu- 
facturers of this country and Europe. The mend<ers 
of the (inn are .Mr. H. .McCready and his son Mr. M. 
The father is a native of Ireland, and was a member 
of the Separate School iJoard of Trenton, while his 
son is a Canadi.m by birth. Both gentlemen are 
thoroughgoing business men and are held in the 
highest estimation by all classes of the community . 

W. W, Miller, Groceries and I'rovisions. Front 
Street. — The grocery trade is well represented in 
Trenton, and naturally so. for the dealing in the food 
products of a people is among the more important of 
any industry in any civilized community. Promi- 
nently engaged in this line in this town is Mr. \V. 
W. Miller, whose store is located on Front Street. 
This business has, ever .since its inception 17 years 
ago, .steadily developed in extent and importance, the 
trade of the housenow extending throughout the town 
and sections of the surrounding country. The premi- 
ses occupied are 24x65 feet in dimensions and con- 
tain a large stock of fine family groceries, the choicest 
brands of teas and fragrant coffees, table delicacies, 
pure spices, hermetically sealed goods, etc., as well 





as first class provisions of the best quality, country 
produce and Hour and feed. The prices charged by 
this house arc as low as any that can he found in the 
market, Mr. Miller believing that " small profits and 
((uick returns " is the best manner in which to con- 
duct a busireai,. Employment is furnished to thiee 
conipetent assistants and one horse and waggon for 
the delivery of goods. Mr. Miller is a native of 
Canada and is a wii'c-awake, pushing and perse .-er- 
ing busmess man and a higb'v esteemed citizen. 

8. B. MoClwng & Co., .Stoves and Tinware, 
Front Street. -In reviewing the business industries 
of Tren'">n, one is impressoil by the varied character 
and extent of iheir operations and the enterprise ex- 
hibited by those engaged in them. The stove and 
tinware line is well represented, and among ilie num- 
ber worthy of m'<re than mere pas: ing notice is the 
firm of .Messrs. S. B. McCiung i!t Co. This business, 

lough, both of whom are natives of Canada, and the 
patrons of the house may rely upon being treated 
with a uniform courtesy and liberal dealing. This 
firm make a specialty of handling .Stewart's celebra- 
ted ".Sultana coal stoves, a rut of which appears at 
the head of this notice. 

Thomas W> SasilVi Sash, Door and Elind Man- 
ufacturer, Front St. — If there is one branch or depart- 
ment of general enter|irise of more importance to the 
advance and welfare of a community than the build- 
ing trade and those lines connected with it, it is not 
kno>vn. The prosperity and increase of this great 
branch of industry leflects at the same time Canada's 
increase in material wealth and development. Hold- 
ing a prominent place among those engaged in the 
manufacture of sash, doors, blinds, etc., in Trenton, 
is Mr. Thomas VV. Seeds, whose factory is located 
on Front .Street. This business was established 1 8 
month' ago, and very rapidly took a leading position 
in the trade in this section of the country. The 
premise:, occupied are 30x50 feet in dimensions and 
two stories in height, with a "Icanto" of 24x30 
feet. The factory is fitted up with ail the latest and 
most improved machinery, driven by a 30 horse- 
power engine. The energies of the house are devot- 
ed to the manufacture of sash, doors and blinds. 
Special attention is given to the production of hard- 
wood finish for stores, banks, public and private 
buildings. In this respect the work executed is of 
the most artistic character, beautiful in design and 
workmanship, and etpial 10 the very best of fine 
cabinet work, lie also manufactures base, casings, 
mouldings, stair railings, balusters and newel posts, 
and gives prompt attention to matching and custom 
planing. Employment is furnished to 10 sk''led and 
competent workmen on an iverage throughout the 
year. Mr. Seeds is a native of Canada, and is a 
thoroughly skilled, practicrd workman, and gives his 
personal supervision to all the details of his business 
in the interests of perfection of workmanship. The 
facilities of the house are aI.'-'> of the very best, so 
that orders are executed with the least delay and in 
the most satisfactory manner. 

although established only two years ago, has already 
taken a foremost position among the progressive and 
successful houses in this line, and 'he outlook for the 
future is of the brightest. The premises occupied are 
22x75 f-^l- •" dimensioiis, and are wall stored with a 
fine assortment of stoves and ranges of the most hand- 
some designs and superior workmanship, purchased 
direct from the most celebrated manufacturers in the 
country. The firm also carry a large assortment of 
house-furnishing goods of all descriptions, and they 
make a specialty of furnace and stove-pipe work, as 
well as the manufacture of tinware, for which they 
have available the services of competent and experi- 
enced workmen. The individual members of the 
firm are Messrs. S. B. McClung and P. T. McCuI 

Louis Roenlgk, Jr., Furniture, Front Street.— 
A stock of modern (urniture is one of the most at- 
tractive <;ights. There is an originality and variety 
of designs, coupled with richness of materials and ex- 
cellence of workmanship, that almost entitles each 
piece to be called a work of an. Among tliose of 
recent establishment engaged in the sale of furniture 
in Trenton i.-. Mr. Louis Roenigk, Jr.. whose store 
is located on Front Street. This business was estab- 
lished o.ily one year ago, but has already made very 
marked progress, and its trade is steadily and con- 
stantly increasing. The premises occupied are 
24x70 feet in dimensions, and contain an excellent 
stock of furniture of all kinds, of handsome design 
and latest style, and so constructed as to withstand 
the wear of years, if not improperly treated. The 
house does not make a specialty of manufacturing, 
although they do particular work to order in the best 
style of the art and with all promptness. Those in 
search of furniture, or in employing the services of 
this house in any of its departments, may rest assui 1 
that their interests will be greatly enhanced, and 
may feel equally confident that in the matter of price 
nothing will be left to be desired. Mr, Roenigk, Jr., 
■s a native of Canada, and is a gentleman highly 
esteemed by all who know him. 



i '■ 

Bf. DaanSf Chemist and DrugRist, I'ront Street. 
— Holding a i)rominent place among the old estab- 
lished an<i prominent l)usiness men of Trenton is Dr. 
Dtms, whose pharmacy is locaied on Front Street, 
in the business heart of the town. This house was 
established over 25 years ago by Dr. Deans, and 
eightyearsagoheadniilted .Mr. Munnintopartnership, 
when on that genileni.m's deccise one year nrn it 
reverted to its present title. Dr. Drans is a gradu- 
ate of (^Hieen's College, Kingston, an! was for some 
years a praciising physician, but unfortunately he 
received a stroke of paralysis which prevented his 
practice, and he now conducts a chemist and druggist 
business asprevious'y ii.fntioned. He has been very 
successful during his professional and business career, 
and owns considerable jiroperty in town. He is a 
native of Melrose, Scotland, a [)]ace associated with 
the writings of and made memorable by Sir Walter 
.Scott in his description of Melrose Abbey. It will 
1)6 interesting to note that Dr. Deans' father was Sir 
Walter -Scott's pharmacist and a personal friend, at- 
tending him in his last hours, and also attended the 
funeral by inv. ation. Dr. Deans takes great pleasure 
in conver.sing about the "land of brown lieath anu 
shaggy wood, land of the mountain and the flood." 
He is a gentleman most highly esteemed by all classes 
of the community. 

R. A, SanSOm, Builder and Contractor, Tren- 
ton. —The building interests of this country a.e 
conducted u])on a very extensive scale, and give 
employment -n a great many people. Among those 
prominently connected with this Vne in Trenton is Mr. 
R. A. Sansom. This gentleman is a Canadian by 
birth, having been born in the county o( Hastings 34 
years ago. He -.ettled in Trenton when he was 22 
years of age, and has resided here ever since. He is 
one of the most prominent contractors and builders 
in this section of the country, and iloes all kinds of 
work, such as putting up furnace work, smoke stacks, 
Portland cement work for windows, caps, etc., and is 
the only one in this section of the country doing this 
kind of work. He is one of the most imitortant 
employers of labor in this county, and at least 20 men 
are given work during the year. Mr. .Sansom is a 
man who started small in life, not physically speaking, 
but so far as ca])ilal is concerned, and he is one of the 
self made men of the country, antl a gentleman who 
IS entirely deserving of all honor and esteem from 
every class of the community. 

Quaen'a' Hotel, M. R. Burlingimm, corner 
Dundas and Front Streets. — One of the most 
prominent as well as most popular of the hotels in 
Trenton is the " (Queen's," which is located at the 
corner of Dundas a .d Front streets, in the mos*. eli- 
gible part of the town fot business. The present 
proprietor, M. R. lUirlingham, succeeded Mr. 
Thomas Ciopton two years ago, and has 'milt 
up an excellent cuftoni, being popular with the 
travelling public and commercial men who make the 
" Queen's" their headtjuarters. The hotel is a three- 
story brick structure. 75x75 feet in dimensions. It 
contains 40 well lighted and ventilated and comfort- 
ably furnished bedrooms, a large and tastefully fitted 
up dining hall, well furnished parlors, ofTice and 
reading room and a tastefully arranged bar, where .ha 
choicest brands of wines and liquors and imported 
and domestic cigars may always be obtained. There 
is also a billiard hall with three excelleni tables of 
the latest construction. The menu of the house is 

everything that; could be desired, containing »H the 
delicacies of '.he season as well as the substanliaU, 
while the cuisine is not excelled by any other house 
in this section of the country. Kmployment is fur- 
nished to II competent and courteous assistants, who 
study the wishes and reciuirements of the guests and 
anticipate their wants. The proprietor, M. R. 
I'.uiiingham, is a native of Carfadu, and a thorough- 
going and enterprising business niari and genial host, 
and is highly spoken of by all who have stopped at 
the (Jueen's Hotel while in Trenton. 

Wm-i Shan, Stoves and Tinware, Front Street.-^ 
There is nothing that can afford a better proof of 
the business stability of Trenton, or the honorable 
methods conducted by its merchants, than by noting 
those of long es- 

whose energies 

still keep pressing 

Prominent among 

proof of this <iuil- 

Shea, manufac- 

copper ware, ,ind 

and t i r. w are, 

mentis located on 

business was es- 

two years after 

in this country from iJublin. 

place. He is one of the oldest 

t a b I i s h m e n t . 
never i.dl, but 
steadily onward, 
those who give 
ily is Mr. Wm. 
turer o." tin and 
dealer in stoves 
whose establish- 
Front St. This 
tablishedin 1844, 
Mr. Shea arrived 
which is his native 
nhabitants in town. 

and his business is one of the oldest established. 
The premises occujjied for he business are 25x60 
feet in dimensions and two stories in height, where 
he gives employment to eight s-killed workmen and 
assistants. He carries a large stock of very hand- 
some stoves and ranges of tl\e very best make from 

some of the leading manufacturers in the Dominion, 
while his stock of tinware is very complete. He 
also manufactures copper and tinware to order on the 
.shortest notice and in the very best manner. Mr. 
Shea is a thoroughly enterprising business man and 
a public-spirited citizen. He has filled about all the 
municipal offices, and was Reeve for in years. He 
is held in the highest esteem by all who know him. 



Th* Savvn Osnt Bargain Houaa, David charged are as low as can be found in the nnfcrket. 
Lane, Dundas Street.— Among the business houses Enr.ployment is given to two competent and courteous 
olTrcnton worthy of moit; than a mere passing notice assistants in the operations of the business. Mr. 
is thai of Mr. David l^ane, dealer in fancy goods, ■ Voung, the senior meinber of the firm, is a native of 

whose store is lo- Canada, and Mr. Douglas is a native of Ireland. I?oth 
cated on Dundas ' gentlemen are young men of much push and enter- 

stands, etc. Mr. 

Street. This busi- 
ness was founded 
here 6 years ago 
and since itr, incep- 
tion has enjoyed a 
large and steadily 
increasing patron- 
age. The premises 
occupied are 20x35 
feet in dimensions 
and contain a large 
stock of fancygoods 
in infinite variety, 
both useful and 
ornamental, hand 
glasses, combs and 
brushes, pictures 
and ]ih()tQ^'ra]ih 
Lane's well-known custom of sell- 

prise, and a-e highly esteemed by all classes of the 

■ullan It Spaffordi Groceries, Wines and 
Liipiors, Dundas Str-'ct. — Holding a prominent and 
popular place among the representative business 
houses in Trenton is that of Messrs. I5ullen & 
Spaflbrd, importers pnd de^ders in choice English 
groceries, wines and iicjuors, whose establishment is 
located on Dundas .""t.eet, in Jeff's Block. This 
business was founded in Trenton eight years ago, 
bu' the original store has ijeen in Belleville for the 
past 27 yiars, at 261 Front .Street. The premises 
occupied 22x70 feet in dimensions, and are taste- 
fully fitted up, and suitable for the business -.on- 
ducted. Here a large and excellent stock of choice 
English groceries is carried, including table delica- 
cies of every description ; also the finest brands of 
teas from China nnd Japan, fragrant coffees from 
ava and Rio, hermetically sealed goods, pure 
pices, and ail other articles usually !o be found in a 
lirst-class grocery establishment. They also carry a 
tine stock of wines and liquors specially adapted for 
the best family trade, as well as imported and do- 
mestic cigars. The trade is conducted at both 
wholesale and retail, and extends throughout the 
town and sections of surrounding country, while em- 
ployment is furnished to four competent and obliging 
assistants. Both Messrs. Bullen & Spafford are 
natives of Canada, and are active, energetic and 
enterprising business men, and highly esteemed 

ing at the lowest (lossible prices has earned (or him a ; , 
large patronage, which extends throughout the town ; ^^ 
and surrounding country. He is a native of Canada i "J 
and for some years carried on the grocery business in 
Bedeville. Here he has by indomitable industry, 
perseverance and industry, joined to ability, built u]i 
his present excellent trade. He is a gentleman 
high') eateenie<l by all who know him. 

A. Knox, Drugs, Stationery, etc. , Front Street. — 
Trenton is well favored in its Inisine^s houses, where 
everything necessary to the welfare and comfort of 
the community can be obtained as readily as in any 
metrt)iioliian city. /Vmong those houses deserving of 
special mention is ihu of -Mr. A. Knox, dealer in 
drugs, stationery and wall papers, etc. This business James Skelton & Co., I'laning Mill, Ontario 
was establishetl four years ago and has steadily con- and Hawley .Streets. — The town of Trenton has 
tinued tt increase in volume and importance year l.y , many and varied industries both commercial and 
year. The premises occupied are 15^70 feet in ; manufacturing, and among the number worthy of 
dimensions and are fitted up in a suitnble manner for particular nien;ion is that of Messrs. James .Skelton 
the business conducted. A good line of fresh and 1 &. Co., whose planing mill is located at the corner of 
pure drugs and chemicals, fancy and toilet articles, ; Hawley and Ontario Streets. This business was 
soaps, perfumes, etc., is carried, as well as stationery of , establi.;hed 12 years ago by Mr. Thomas McRae, 
every description for the household, school and office. , who was succeeded two years ago, by the present 
There is al:o a special department for wall papers, firm. Since the date of its incept'in it has ever 

proved successful, but more especially so under its 

where a fine stock is carried, comprising the latest 
and most fashionable desgns. Mr. Knox is a Cana- 

p.'tsent management. The premises occupied are 

dian by birth and is a graduate of the Ontario College ; 70x44 feel in dimensions and two stories in height, 
of rharmacy, and makes a s]5ecialty of the dispensing ! with sheds, yards, etc , for containing lumber, cover- 
department of his business, compounding physicians' j ing aboi-.t ^ an acre of ground in extent. There is 
prescriptions with care and economy as well as a workshop adjoining the main building, which is 
as promptness. j 20x40 feet in dimensions, and there is also an excel- 

j lent d'y kiln for the seasoning of lumber. Employ- 

Young & DOHglas, Dry Goods, Dundas Street. | ment is furnished to 10 skilled and competent worl<- 
It always gives pleasure to announce the inception men throughout the year in the planing of lumber 

of business houses in any community, showing as it 
does the development of the place as a commercial 
centre. In this connection the establishment of the 
dry goods house of Messrs. Young & Douglas, on 
Dundas Street, Trenton, is deserving of more than a 
mere passing notice. This business was founded in 
April of the present year and already has given 
promise of a prosperous future. The premises occu- 
pied are 20x70 feet in dimensions and contain a fine 
stock of dry goods of every description, from the 
European, American and Canadian markets. The 
(|uality of the goods is the very best and the prices 

and the manufacture of sash, doors, blinds, mould- 
ings and other builders' materials of a similar nature. 
The trade of the house is principally local, but many 
orders are filled for Toronto and other western places. 
The mills are fitted up with all the most improved 
and latest wood- working machinery, driven by a 15 
horse-power engine. The individual members of the 
firm are Mr. James Skelton and Mr. James Redick. 
Mr. Skelton is a native of England, and Mr. Redick 
is a Canadian by birth. Both gentlemen are thor- 
ough-going business men and are highly esteemed 



Tranton Brldg* and Engin* Works, 

Robert VVetlt'ell, Trenton. -Among ihe well-known 
industries of Canada is that of the Trtnton Uiiiige 
and Engine Works, which aie located at Trenton. 
This business was eslahlislied here 14 years ago by 
Mr. Robert Weddell, and from a comparatively small 
lieginning has grown to its present extensive propor- 
tions. This has been due in a great measure to the 
push, energy anil abiliiy of the proprietor, as well as 
to the excellent cpialily of the work done, which has 
gained a high re])ulation lluoughoui the country. 
The plant locatetl in Trenton consists of a boiler 
shop, blacksmith shop, fouiulry, machine shop, 
engine house and l)ridge bui.ding establishment. 
The works are lilted up vvith all ihe lali_st and most 
improved machinery an<l .ipplinnces. The firm 

dian by birth. The Company have lately made 
large additions and improvements, enabling them to 
compete successfully with any other firm in the 
business. The foundry and machine shops are 
e<|uipped with all the latest and most improv- 
eii machinery, and every facility is on hand 
for tlie juompt and satisfactory completion of ail 
work entrusted to them. The members of Ihe Com- 
jiany of the Collingwood house are, Mr. David 
Flemnig. I'resident; .\Ir. j. I). Silcox, Vice- President ; 
Mr. Kiibert Weddell, .Sccretaiy-Treasurer ; and Mr. 
A. C. Weddell, Manager. Mr. Robert Weddell, 
who is located in Trenton, is a native of Scoihiiid, 
and is a most thorough-going business lu".!! and 
public-spiri'ed eili/en, highly esteemed fcir his social 
and business (pialities. 

manufacture steel and iron liridges of every descrip- 
tion, which have been universally adopted by many 
counties, railroads, municipalities and the Depait- 
ment of Railways and Canals throughout the Domin- 
ion. They also manufacture turntables, iron piers 
and roofs, stationary and marine engines and boiler;, 
dredges, tugs, steamboats, excavators and contractors' 
si'i)plies of all kinds, while a specially is made of 
gilder and structural work. A large staff of skilled 
practical workmen are tmployed throughout the 
year under able and practical management. When 
the works were burned down in 1875, I'^'^V ^^'^'"'^ 
immediately rebuilt on a much larger sca.'e owing to 
the increasing business, and so it has been from that 
lime forward, inijiiovements and additions having been 
constantly made. Owing to the e:;cellent position 
which the Trenton ISiidge and Kngine Works occupy 
for shipping facilities, cheaj) rates enable them to 
compete successfully with any other concern in 
Canada. They have the advantage of being on one 
of the best shipping points on the (irand Trunk Rail- 1 
way and the Canadian I'acihc Railway, as well as 
being at the hjad of the Bay of ()iiinte and entrance | 
to the Murray and Trent Valley Can.als. The Tren- ! 
ton works are conducted by Mr. ivobert Weddell, I 
manager and proprietor, and Mr. J. D. Evans, engi- j 
neei.' Mr. Weddell is also one of the owners of the 
Collingwood Dry Dock .Shipbuiloing and Foundry 
Co. (Limited), which are located at Collingwood, on 
Georgian Bay. The works comprise an excellent 
''ry dock and foundry with ship yard. The dry 
dock is built of stone, and is the largest on the lakes, 
and consequently takes in the largest of the vessels 
floating there. They do all kinds of ship work in 
wood or iron, tarrying at all times a large stock of 
ship timber and material. The dry dock emplo)s 40 
skilled men. It is 325 feet in length and 80 in width, 
having a depth of 18 feet of water. Mr. D. Andrews, 
who is in charge, is a practical shiobuiider and 
understands every detail of the work. He is a Cana- 

ilOhn H. Nulty, Dry Goods and ^^lllinel•y, Kron' 
Street. — One of the most important branches of trade 
in this country and in which Trenton holds its own, 
is that of tlry „'oods. l^ngaged in it are gentlemen 
of good business ability and enterprise. Holding a 
prominent and popular place among those in this 
line is Mr. John H. Nulty, whose establislnnent is 
located on I'ront .Street, in the business centre of the 
town. This business was es;,iblished 15 years ago, 
and has ever enjoyed since the date of its inception 
a large share of the imblic patronage. It has steadily 
continued to grow and develop in extent year by 
year, until at the present dav it takes its place in the 
front rank with the best in this section of the country. 
The occupied are .'arge and commodious, 
being 30x100 feet in dimensions, and are tastefully 
fitted u]) and contain a well assorted slock of dry 
goods of every description in all the latest and most 
fashionable designs and novelties from the European, 
American and Canadian markets. A sjiecial depart- 
ment is that of millinery, in which many very beautiful 
and artistic styles are shown, while a staff of compe- 
tent milliners are employed in manufacturing millin- 
ery to order in *.he best style of the art. Employ- 
ment is furnished to 8 competent assistants in the dif- 
ferent departments throughoiit the year. Mr. Nulty 
is a native of Canada and is a thoroughly represent- 
ative l>usiness man and a valuable citizen. 

d. R. O'Nell, Grocer, Front Street.— When 
i new business houses are found springing up in any 
community, it is a healthy sign of the prosperity and 
future development of the place. In this connection 
mention must be inade of Mr. J. R. O'Neil, grocer, 
who founded his business in Trenton six months 
ago, and it has already presented marked evidences 
of success. The premises occupied, which are 
located on F'ront .Street, are 20x75 ^'^^^ '" dimensions, 
.and are well stored with a large and judiciously 
selected stock of groceries, inclu^ling the choicest 



brands of teas from China and Japan, fragrant 
coffees from Java and Kio, pure spices, table delica- 
cies, hermetically sealed goods, and all such other 
articles usually to be found in a (irst-class grocery 
establishment of this character, fie also carries an 
excellent f|uality of provisions, country produce and 
flour and feed. Kmployment is furnished to two 
capable and attentive assistants, and use is made of 
a horse and waggon in the delivery of goods to cus- 
tomers. Mr. O'Neil is a native of Ottawa, and is a 
thorough-going business man, having a well 
grounded knowledge of every detail of the business 
in which he is engaged. 

O. H. Bonter, Watchmaker and Jeweller, Front 
Street. — Prominently identified with the business 
industries of Trenton is the house of Mr. O. II. 
Konter, watchmaker and jeweller, who is located on 
Kiont Street. This business was established 12 years 
ago and has made very marked progress during that 

time, steadily developing a? the town has developed. 
The premises occupicl are 15x60 feet in dimensions 
and are tastefully fitted up with show cases, etc., and 
suitably arranged for the business conducted. A fine 
stock of goods is carried, consisting of watches, chains, 
rings, brooches, lockets, studs, scarf pins and other 
articles too numerous to mention, in handsome and 
artistic designs. A special department of the busi- 
ness is that of watch reDiiring, Mr. Bonier being 
himself practical in this department and in which he 
does a large business. He gives employment to a 
skilled and competent assistant throughout the year. 
Mr. Bonter is a native of Canada, and is a gentleman 
held in the highest esteem by all classes of the com- 
munity, and was for four years a member of the Town 

Jamas Oralg & C0>, Groceries and Crockery, 
Dundas Street. — Among the more important of the 
business industries of any community are those which 
deal in the necessaries of life, of which groceries 
form no inconsiderable portion. Prominently en- 
gaged in this line of business in Trenton are Messrs. 
James Craig & Co., whose store is located on Dundas 
.Street. This business has been established here over 
three years, and since the date of its inception it has 
made steady and continuous progress in extent and 
development. The premises occupiei' are large and 
commodious, being 20x100 feet in dimensions, which 
are well stored with a large and judiciously selected 
stock of groceries, the finest brands of teas and fra- 
grant coffees, pure spices, table delicacies, canned 
goods, and also a fine line of crockery and glassware. 
Employment is furnished to four competent and 

courteous assistants in the conducting of the business, 
and one horse and waggon are used in the delivery of 
goods to customers. Mr. Craig was for 18 years 
bookkeeper for Messrs. (Junn ct Co. of Kingston, 
but had to resign on account of ill health, which has 
been much improved since he settled in Trenton. 
He was President of the St. Andrew's Society, and 
also a member of the Kingston City Council ; is a 
member of ;he Trenton School Board, and President 
of St. Andrew's Society. He is a gentleman highly 
esteemed by all who know him, and is an active and 
enterprising business man. Mr. Craig has interested 
hinibelf in Sabbath School work for the past 30 years ; 
he was also a prominent member of .St. Andrew's 
Church Choir, Kingston, for over 21 years. 

Dr. Dajf) Trenton. — One of the mo^t prominent 
as well as popular members of the medical profession 
in Trenton is Dr. Henry Wright Day. This gentle- 
man was born in the Township of Kingston in 1831. 
He is a son of Calvin W. Day and ElizaJ>eth Wright. 
His antecedents were United Empire Loyalists, and 
his great grandfather, Barnabas Day. once lived on 
the present site of New V'ork city. At the close of the 
revolution, hccametoUpperCanada, selectinggovern- 
mcnt lands four miles from Kingston ; then returning 
to New York he brought his wife and family in a canoe 
from Sackett's Harbour. The original homestead is 
still in possession of the family, and is owned by 
Sidney W. Day, a younger brother. Dr. Day is a 
graduate of (Queen's University, Kingston, receiving 
his degree in 1859. In 1869 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Council of Physicians and Surgeons for the 
•^uinte and Cataraqui districts, and held the jjosition 
for three years, and was thereafter elected president 
of the Council. He is at present mayor of the town 
and held the same position in 1881 and '82. He is a 
gentleman highly esteemed by all classes of the 

8> B. Nathary, Groceries and Provisions, Ridge- 
way Street. — Among those business enterprises in 
Trenton which are of comparatively recent establish- 
ment is that conducted by Mr. S. B Nethery, grocer, 
on Ridgeway Street. This house was founded by 
Mr. Charles .Savior over a year and a half ago. He 
was succeeded by Mr. Waddington six months since, 
and he in turn by the present proprietor in March 
last. The premises occupied are 20x40 feet in di- 
mensions, where is carried a good stock of choice 
family groceries, the finest brands of teas and fragrant 
coffees, pure spices, table delicacies, hermetically 
sealed goods in glass and tin, an excellent quality of 
provisions, and also flour and feed. The prices 
charged are as low as can l)e found in the market. 
The trade of the house since the inception of the 
business has been steadily increasing, and the pro- 
spects for the future are the brightest, owing to the 
activity, perseverance and ability of Mr. Nethery. 
This gentleman is a native of Canada, and was for 
;ome years a school teacher. He is a gentleman who 
is highly respected by all who know him. 

Wllla N> Kaalar, General Blacksmith, East 
Dundas Street. — The poet Longfellow has immortal- 
ized the trade of the blacksmith in his beautiful 
poem "The Village Blacksmith." It is a well 
deserved tribute to honest toil and steady endeavor. 
Among those engaged in this line of business activity 
in Trenton is Mr. Wm. N. Keeler. This gentleman 
has been connected in the business with his father 
since 1870, his lathe- having built the shop in which 



nith, East 

immortal - 


t is a well 

ess activity 
his father 

ip in which 

he now is, The premises occupied arc 40x90 feet in 
dimensions, fncluding the front yard, and employ- 
ment is furnished to live skilled and competent hands 
throughout the year. Mr. Ketltr does a {general 
blacksmith business, the principal line heinj; in the 
manufacture of carriaj^es, t)Uf;gies, wapgons, sleighs, 
etc, ; he also had done a good deal ol heavy mill 
work for Gilmour iV Co., and is well e(|uippfd for 
that class of work. Tho work done by him is not 
excelled by any other cuncein in this section of liie 
country, being lirstclass in (|uality of material and 
excellent in finish. Mr. Keelcr is a native of Canada, 
and is an enterpiisini;, persevering and progressive 
business man, and a highly esteemed citizen. 

R. D. Symington, Agricultural Implements, 
Ridgeway .Street. — It is peculiarly a pleasure to note 
those enterprises which are of recent establishment, 
as nothing so much conduces to the adxancement and 
prosperity of a locality as the formation of new houses 
of business, which, in their institution, indicate the 
advantages held out by Trenton as a business centre 
and increasing its facilities as a point of distribution. 
Mr. R. D. .Symington, dealer in agricultural imple- 
ments, on Ridgeway Street, estai)li.-hed his business 
in the spring of this year, and from present indications 
it bids fair to prove very successful. The premises 
occupied by the business are 20x50 fret in dimensions, 
where is contained a line of agricultural implements 
of the very best <|uality and description Irom some ol 
the leading houses in the Dominion. The improve- 
ments that have taken place in this line of manufac- 
ture during the past ten years have been very marked, 
and those who would farm profitably must ke-p uji 
with the times in the implements they use. 'Mr. 
Symington is a native of Canada and is a gentleman 
who thoroughly understands the business in which he 
is engaged in its every detail, and those re(|uiring 
anything in his line would do well to call on him. 

Oeorge D> Rawe, Watchmaker and Jeweller, 
Dundas Street, — Among the prominent business men 
of Trenton is Mr, George D. Rawe, watchmaker and 
jeweller, whose store is located on Dundas .Street. 
This business was established here two years ago, 
but Mr, Rawe was in business in Madoc for 27A years 
previously. The premises occupied are 20x70 feel 
in dimensionsand are handsomely fitted up with plate- 
glass show and cabinets for the proper display 
of the fine stock carried, which consist of gold and 
silver watches, chains, wedding and keeper 
rings, brooches, scarf pins, sleeve Iniltons and silver- 
plated ware. The stock is an excellent one from 
which to make a selection, while the prices charged 
are very reasonable. He makes a specialty of tine 
watch repairing, and gives employment to an ex- 
perienced assistant. Mr. Rawe is a native of Eng- 
land, and was for 20 years clerk in the Division 
Court at Madoc, which office he resigned. He is 
also a major on the retired list of the 49th Battalion, 

and is a gentleman held in the highest esteem by all 
who know him. 

Wm. Oummlng, I<ruits and Confectionery, 
Front Street. — That the town of Trenton is rapidly 
growing in extent and importance may reatii'y be 
seen by the number of new houses being erected, 
and the new stores that are being opened. Among 
the more recent comers to the business arena is 
Mr. VVm. Gumming, manufacturing confectioner, 
""^ whose store is located on 

^ ■■*" Kroni Street. This busi- 

1; ness was established on 
^?^ihe 1st of .\pril of the 
^r:3 present year \n this town, 
!^^^ although .Mr. Gumming 
ii;=# had been in business in 
Toronto for six years on a 
previous occasion. The premises occupied are 15x60 
feel in dimensions, and contain a nice stock of fruits 
and confectionery. He makes a specialty of choco- 
lates, caramels and creams There is an ice cream 
])arlor in r"nr of the store, where in summer time that 
tovjthsonie delicacy with cake, etc., can be <d)lained. 
The manufactory lor conleciioncry is in rear, where 
Mr. Ciuummt; makes an excellent (|uality of goods, 
nothing liut the purest materials i)t'ing used. Mr. 
Cumnung is a native of Scotland, ami has resided in 
this country many years, where he is well knovMi 
and highly esteemed for his many excellent (jualities 
as a business man and a citiztm. 

Stewart's Banking House, I. H. Stewart, 
I'roprielor, front .Street. — The banking institutions 
of Canada, both public and private, hold an honorable 
and high piisiiion among the numetary institutions 
of any country, which is due to the conservative jiolicy 
pursued and the very efficient manner in which their 
! managers conduct their business. Holding a prom- 
I inent position among the financial institutions in 
: Trenton is that of Stewart's Hanking House, located 
on Front .Street, of which Mr. J. H. .Stewart is the 
proprietor. The offices are neatly fitted up and con- 
veniently arranged for the [jromiit transaction of 
I business. A general banking business is conducted. 
I Money is received on deposit and interest allowed, 
I loans on notes and mortgages are negotiated on the 
; most advantageous terms, and all other business of a 
i similar nature coming under the general head of 
j banking. Farmers and others will find this an ex- 
j cellent house with which to do business. This 
' business was established seven years ago and has ever 
proved most successful, the amount of business done 
i having steadily increased year by year. Two compe- 
tent assistants are employed, and all financial matters 
I are transacted upon the most satisfactory basis. Mr. 
Stewart is a Canadian by birth and has a thorough 
knowledge of every detail of banking. He holds a 
high reputation among the and financial 
community, and is at present a member of the Town 



|,V i|; 


'\ie Onhs^pio Canoe Comp§\ny (etd.) 

j. Z. l\()(;i'RS. I'resiilcnt and Manaf^ino- D'inxtor 

Tlie canoe is a vcrilahlc Canadian institution and is 
found upon all our rivers and lakes, used for business 
and pleasure. We arc by far the lari;est nianufactur- 
inji house in this line in Clanada, and are the only o>ie 
(hat has any niachiu'.Ty in their estahlisliinent. The 
most iniporiant manufacturing; houses in this line in 
Canada is the Ontario Canoe Co. (Limited), of I'eter- 
boro'. This business has since the date of its incep- 
tion made very marked projrress, and is steadily 
increasint; year by year, 'i'he premises occupied are 
30 x 65 leet in <lmiensions, with four llojrs, witii a 
buildini; 36 X Sj feet, and with two lloors for offices 
and for the sloraj^e of canoes and materials. There is 

They carry a lar(je stock of tents, sails and canoe 
littin^s, an<l can furnish canoeists with almost every- 
thinj; they re<(uire. Those wanting; a canoe cannot 
do better than call upon or write to this house and 
they will find everytiiinj; most satisfactory. .Mr. I. 
/. Rogers, the I'tesident ;>nd Managing Director, 
is a gentleman well qualified, by 
abiliiy and experience, lor the ]iosi- 
lion he holds, and under his su])er- 
intendence ihc Comjiany has met 
with flattering success. They ship 
canoes to Australia, New Zealand, 

a steam engine, planer, moulding machine, band saws, 
circular saws, and other machinery necessary for the 
successful pro-ecution of the work in hand. The 
canoes manufactured by this concern are noted for 
their beauty and speed, and are both open and decked, 
and can i)e fitted with outriggers ft)r those who prefer 
rowing. They manufacture about 200 different kinds, 
so that anyone can get just what kind of a canoe they 
desire. They build an open cedar rib canoe weighing 

British Columbia and other foreign countries, and 
have the following agents : J. C. Cording & Co., 19 
Piccadilly, London, Kng. ; John Clindinning (boat 
builder), foot of Lome .Street, Toronto ; National 
Manufacturing Company, 70 King St. West, Toronto; 
John Forman, 467 .St. Paul St., Montreal; National 
Manufacturing Company, 16 Sparks .St., Ottawa ; 
Thomas J. Egan, 177 Lower Water St., Halifax, 
N..S. ; Indian Bazaar, 91, 93 I'rince William St., 

12^ lbs. that will carry 450 lbs. They test all canoes 
manufactured, having a large tank for that purpose. 
They were awarded a silver medal for their caiioes at 
the Antwerp Exhibition and gold medal at Eisheries 
Exhibition, London, and have been awarded medals 
and prizes at every exhibition where they were shown. 

St. John, N.B., and J. Crawford McLean, Brock- 
ville ; W. Ditchburn, Rosseau ; N. Turner & Son, 
Cornwall; W. P. Shaw, Winnipeg, Man.; II. 
L. Gullini iS: Co., Victoria, B.C. ; Eraser & Leonard, 
Vancouver, B.C. ; and are continually adding new 




Twi: row'x op sarnia 

THOUGH the early and possil)ly more imimrtaiit part of the history of Canaila is conmrted with her 
eastern cities and towns, still the western limits of this Dominion in which, and through which, the 
march of civilization and progress has advanced are hy no means devoid of inlerest, as serving to 
show the settlement, growth, together with the comniercial and industrial resources of our country. The 
town of Sarnia marks one of the chief limits of the wes'em boundary of the ( Jueen Province of Canada, and 
being the terminal point in liiitish soil of the (Irand Trunk line, it is one ot our most direct important links 
with the United States. The vast amount of trallic passing between Port Huron on the American side and 
Sarnia on this, constitutes an important item in the trade between ihe two countries. Sarnia is situated at 
the head of St. Clair River, where it issues from Lake Huron, forming a direct communication between that 
body of water and Lake Krie, an<l is thus on ihe high road of commerce with the western and eastern 
portions of the American continent. Sarnia is in the townshij) of Sarnia, in the county of Lambton, of 
which division it is the county seat. It is situate opposite to I'ort Huron, with which it is connected V)y 
constant ferry communication both winter and summer. The river at this point is a mile wide- rather too 
wide for a bridge even in America — but passengers are taken across without having to leave their seats 
notwithstanding. An enormous steam ferry-boat, propelled by a pair of engines of 750 tons each, is brought 
right up to the end of the rails and the train drnwn right on to it, in two parallel lines, the train being 
divided into two sections for that purpose. Arrived on the opjiosite shore, the cars are drawn o(T the ferry- 
boat on to the American line of rails, and proceed at once on their westward course. The growth of Sarnia 
since its foundation has been solid and progressive, and its material resources have been surely developed. 
It contains woollen and planing mills, foundries, machine shops, breweries, tanneries, stoneworks, etc., the 
products of which, in connection with grain and live stock, are shipped to all parts of the Dominion, while 
a considerable portion finds its way to the other side. It has churches of all denominations, Presbyterian, 
Methodist, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Church of England and Congregational, several of these are sub- 
stantial edifices, which, from an architectural point of view, add in no small degree to the adornment of the 
town. Sarnia has also a high, model, two separate and four public schools, a library with close on 2,000 
volumes, a town hall capable of seating six hundred, three weekly newspapers, 7/ie Obsetver, The 
Canaiiian, and 77ie Sun. Three banks are here represented, the Bank of Montreal, the Bank of Com- 
merce, and (he Traders' Hank. The assessed value of property is $1,950,000, and the bonded indel)tedness 
$168,000. The water supply is excellent, and in the season there is steamboat communication with all 
parts of the lake, Sarnia being a port of considerable shipping importance. Boats ply between here and 
Duluth twice a week, calling at intermediate ports. A street railway connects with Point Edward, the 
terminus of the main line of the Grand Trunk, which i<- two and a half miles away. Stages run daily to 
Corunna, Moore, Courtright, Sombra, Port Lambton, and Wallaceburg. The population of Sarnia is 
5,500 and is steadily increasing. The town is distant 168 miles from Toronto and 62 miles from Detroit. 

D. Maokensie, Dry Goods, Millinery, Carpets, 
etc., Front Street.— " Many years ago "—as the old 
story writers used to begin their narrations—Mr. I). 
Mackenzie started in the general store business in 
Sarnia. To be more exact, it was in 1849, a time 
when the western part of Ontario was not so well in- 
habited as at present. He commenced in a compara- 
tively small way, but by energy, enterprise and ability, 
and understanding the wants of the public and 
anticipating those wants, has built up a business that 
has no superior in the western section of Ontario. The 
premises occupied by Mr. Mackenzie are large and 
commodious, being 25x120 feet in dimensions and 
three stories in front and two in rear. Here a very 
large stock of staple and fancy dry goods is carried, 
which are specially imported by the house, as well as 
carpets and oilcloths ; all the latest novelties and 

most fashionable goods being obtained as soon as 
placed on the market. Besides dry goods there is a 
department specially devoted to millinery making, 
where a special staff of milliners is constantly em- 
ployed in making up those wonderful creations which 
are the envy of the ladies and the bewilderment of 
the gentlemen. There is also a department devoted 
to gents' furnishing goods, where all the latest styles 
in neckwear, hosiery, etc., are always carried. Also 
a department for merchant tailoring, where an expert 
cutter and a staff of operators are employed, and the 
garments made by this house cannot be excelled by 
any other merchant tailoring establishment in town. 
For those, who do not care to go to the extn. expense 
of having their garments specially made to order, 
there is a large stock of ready-made clothing, in all 
the latest fashions, constantly carried and in sizes to 



1} . . m 


fit all. Again, there is the ( ariict and (.ilcloih de- 
partment, where will lie found a very large and <(iiii- 
plete stuck of Wilton, l!riis-,els, tapestry and other 
carpets, specially imported I'V this house, as well as 
oilcloths and linoleums. Thus it will he seen that 
the house is one of the nio-t complete of its kind in 
the Dominion. The business of the house is excel- 
lent and it is stateil that last Christmas they did the 
largest trade of any season yet. Mr. .Mackenzie is 
a native ol Scotland and it i.' not necessary t^i state, 
is a thorough business man. Ajiart (roni devoting 
his attention to so extensive a business as that which 
he conducts, he has suftkienl energy and public 
spirit to attend to municiiial nl'I'airs, and las been 
in all the municipal otiices culminating in reeve and 
mayor. U\ ihc iiianagvment of his extensive dry 
goods establi>hmenl he is -.uHicienlly assisted by his 
.sons, .Messrs. James !•'. and .Mex.inder Mackeii/ie, 
both young men of goinl business aliility. 

buying and selling. Mr. [as. T. .Smith manages the 
business at Dresden .nnd resides there, while Mr.Thos. 
Smith devotes his attention to the Sarnia numufactory. 

Sarnia Woollen Mills, Smith llros., l-'ront 

Street. — Among the |ironiinent manufacturing lines 
of industry in Sarnia that of the Sarnia \Voolleii 
Mills, which is owned by Messrs. Smith ISros., hold-, 
a leading place. The business ha.s been established 

Maokanil* Hardwara Mouaa, Fstahlished 

1S4S. {'. Mackenzie, Milne (V Co., Sarnia, (Jnl. 
When many of the business men of to-day were in 
iheir cradles .lie well-known hardware house of 
Messrs Mackenzie, Milne i\: Co. was established. This 
was as long ago as 1.S48, the inceplor of the business 
being Mr. J. .Mackenzie. It was small in its begin- 
ning but the perseverance and ability displayed by 
liie hrm built it uj) to its present important prcjpor- 
tions. The premises they oc-cupy are in a very hand- 
some brick building of modern design of architecture, 
ju-t erected by Mr. .Mackenzie, and .idjoins the oKi 
store on Front .Street. It is 3 stories in height and 
43 X ()o leet in dimensions. This will be one of the 
finest buildnigs and stores in Sarnia. The stoik car- 
ried is very large and complete, consisting (if heavy 
and shelf hardware and oil well supplies. The film 
being ship chandlers, they also carry all suppliesneces- 
sary for vessels. In this they do a very large trade, 
supplying the boats running on the St. Claii River and 
the upper lakes. They manufacture all kinds of tin 
and copper ware to order on the shortest notice. As 
sanitary |jhinil)ers and steam-litters they kee]) a num- 
)er of men, well skilled in their business, who arc 
kept constantly busy in such work, in tilting up new 
)uildings and making alterations and repairs on the 
old. A\ ogelher the firm give employment to 20 
competent hands throughout the year, as their business 
extends ihrouglioul the I'rovince of C)ntario. .Mr. 
.Mackenzie is a native of .Scotland, and has all those 
sterling (|ualitiis so iiilurent in that race and which 
have made them beloved at home and respected 
abroad. lie is the chairman of the linaiu'e commit- 
tee of the Council. The house is one that has a high 
standing in business circles and the member., of the 
' (irm are held in the highest estimation in social and 
business circles. 

here for the past 3 years and during that lime there 
has been marked development shown, the increase ! 
being steady and constant. The mill property is 
50 X 60 feet in dimensions and 3 stories in height, 
with basement, being part brick and part ''rame, 
Messrs. Smith Bros, having built the brick part on 
locating here. The null is what is known .as a 2 
set, and employment is furnished to 25 competent 
hands. The firm manufacture all kinds of tweeds, 
blankets, flannels, yarns and etofTes. The <|ualily of 
the work produced by the house is of a very superior ' 
kind and is not surpassed by any similar house in 
the Dominion. The house sells at both wholesale 
and retail, the wholesale trade embracing Toronto, 
Hamilton and London, while the retail extends 
throughout .Sarnia and within a radius of 30 miies. , 
The firm lor many years carried on a j 
tailoring anil gents' furnishing establishment in | 
Dresden and still continue to conduct the same, j 
and also conducted woollen mills at the same place 
for 12 years, which are still continued for custom i 
work. Both members of the firm are natives of I 
Canada and are wide-awake, enterprising business 
men, who thoroughly understand their business; while 
Mr. \\. T. Smith has served as a memlier of the 
Town Council of Dresden, and also as captain of No. 
6 Company of the 24th Halt. Canadian X'olunteers. 
Mr. W. T. .Smith attends to financial part, and the 

O. Wenino, Family Grocer, Front Street. — The 
family grocer is one ol the most important factors in 
any civilized community. \Vitht)ut hi;ii life would 
be a blank and existence an arid waste. But this is 
moralizing, the dry facts of the case are that among 
all branches of trade that of dealing in groceries is 
the most extensively carried on. Among those who 
are prominently connected with this line in Sarnia is 
Mr. (;. Wenino, whosestore is located on Front Street. 
This gentleman has been established in bu.siness for 
himself for the past six years, and was engaged in 
the same line with his parents for some years previous. 
The premises occupied are 24x90 feet in dimensions, 
which are well stored with an excellent line of staple 
and fancy groceries, including the choicest brands of 
Japan and China teas, the most fragrant coffees, pure 
spices, table delicacies, hermetically sealed goods, 
dried fruits, butter, cheese, etc., and also a good 
assortment of China, glassware and crockery. In 
rear of the store is to be found flour, feed and all 
kinds of grain and produce. Mr. Wenino gives 
employment to two assistants and uses one team in 
•he delivery of goods to customers. His trade is 
steadily and constantly increasing, and thoroughly 
understanding the wants of the public, is at all times 
ready to anticipate them. Mr. Wenino is a native 
of Sarnia, in which town he has been all his lifetime, 
and has grown up with the place, and is a young 
gentleman held in the highest esteem by all who 
know him. 

It K V H K S I'', N r A I' I V I', M L: S [ N K S H M K N 


T. Kvnny li Oo>« Wholesale (Iroccrs, Importers 
of Teas, Wines, Ktc, Sariiia, Ont. - It is conipuii.'d 
that there is more iiioncy invested in the oper.iiions 
of the Kfof-'efy Imsiiicss throunhoiii the Dominion 
than in any other line of com- 
mcrcial iniiustry. The whole- 
sale houses have to carry heavy 
stocks in order to distribute 
throughout the wide extent of 
ct)untry which they eiidirace. 
Aniony those lioldin|.; a lead- 
ing place in the wholesale gro- 
cery line in Sarnia is the well- 
known firm of Messrs. T. 
Kenny iS: Co., whose extensive 
estalilislinient is located on 
Front Street. The businei-s 
was established 17 years ago, 
in the retail line, and four yeai s 
ago it was changed entirely tcj 
w holesale. The pieuiises oc- 
cupied are 24x1 50 feet m di- 
mensions and three stories in 
height, with l)asement. Here 
will be found a very heavy 
stock of staple groceries, eni- 
bracini; the choicest brands of 
teas direct from China and 
Japan, fragrant coffees, spices, 
hermetical'y sealed goods, I'.ng- 
lish and Caniidian ])ickles, and 
all such other commodities as 
are usually to be fouiifl in 
wholesale houses of the tirsl- 
class. The trade of the house 
is very extensive and constant- 
ly increasing, exteiuling at pre- 
sent thro"gli the counties of 
Lambton. Middlesex, Kent 
am' up the lake districts as far 
as Fort William. Eiiiployment 
is furnished to 4 assistants in 
the prosecution of the business. The owner, Mr. T. 
Kenny, is a native of Ireland, and is a gentleman 
thoroughly understanding every detail of the business 
over which he so ably presides and which he has 
brought to such a s.xcessfui condition. 

Ji Barron, Music, .Musical Instruments, etc.. 
Front Street. — Music has in all ages played a prom- 
inent part in the cuUivati<in of the masses. There is 
an indefinable something so war]ied up with the 
human soul in imisic that makes not only the 
highly cultured but the savage subservient to its 
power. Among those who are prominently identi- 
fied with the music industry in Sarnia is Mr. J. 
Barron, a gentleman who has been established in this 
line for the past 20 years. The premises occupied 
by him are 18 x 75 feet in dimensions, and contain a 
very full and well selected stock of musical instru- 
ments, sheet music, photographs, pictures, mould- 
ings, pianos and organs. In the sheet music Pne 
all the latest and popular selections are carried 
in stock at the lowest prices obtained in the United 
States or Canada. The musical instruments lor 
which Mr. Barron is agent are standard in every 
respect, and have earned a leading icputation amongst 
all competitors. iMnployment is furnished to 3 com- 
petent and courteous assistants, who thoroughly un- 
derstand the business in every department. .Mr. 
Barron is a native of Scotland and is a gentleman 
universally respected by all who know him. 

Randal Kanny, Staple .md Fancy Croceries, 
!• ront Street The more a comniunily advances in 
civili/aiion the mon: do they desire the comforts of 
life, anil in this respect they are more particular with 
respect to their food supplies, 
and in the grocery stores will 
be found table dflicacics that 
some years ago were unthought 
ol. Among the grocery mer- 
chants of particular promi- 
nence in Sarnia is the well- 
ki.own house of Mr. Randal 
Kenny,' who has enjoyed a 
prtisperous business career of 
over l.S years. The premises 
occupied are large and com- 
modious, being 21 X IK) feet 
in diiiit'nsions and 2 stories in 
height, with a storeroom in 
rear for oil, salt, llour, feed, 
etc. A very large and well 
selected slock of staple and 
fancy groceri<Ns is carried, con- 
sisting of choice brands of teas 
and coll'ees, ])ure spices, table 
delicacie.s heinieticaliy sealed 
goods, (Irieil fruits, butter, 
cheese, llour, feed, etc., be- 
sides a large stock of china, 
crockery and glassware. The 
goods carried are of the very 
best and [nirest, .Mr. Kenny 
being very particular with re- 
gard 111 this matter. The trade 
of the house extends tlirinigh 
out Sarnia and the outlying 
dis'lrict, and it requires 7 com- 
petent assistants and two de- 
livery teams to properly attend 
to the trade. .Mr. Kenny is a 
native of Ireland and is a live 
and enterjjrising business man, 
and has the interests of his adopted country at heart, 
as is evinced in the fact that he went out as lieutenant 
with his brigade of Sarnia Artillery during the I'cnian 
raid, and is exjiecting a medal. He is a popular gen- 
tleman and highly esteemed in the community. 

Rivar Viaw Hoiiaa, W. Whittaker, Front 
Street. — " I'or a well ke]it, comfortable hotel, com- 
mend me to the River \'iew House," was the remark 
of a traveller one day on his way on the train from 
Sarnia to London. And such is doubtless the remark 
of many. The River \iew House, which is "run " 
by Mr. W. Whittaker, is pleasantly situated on Front 
Street, having a full view of the St. Clair River and 
Port Huron, Mich. It is 35 x 100 feet in dimensions 
and 2 stories in height, having 18 bedrooms, and 
these are comfortable, well lighted and ventilated. 
There are 5 tastefully furnished parlors for the accom- . 
modation of guests. The dining room is large and 
neatly and appropriately furnished. There is a well 
kept bar. where may be found at all times the best 
brands of imported and domestic cigars, also every 
description of temperance drinks. The bill of fare 
contains all that the most fastidious could desire, em- 
bracing all the delicacies of the season and the more 
substantial viands, while the cooking cannot he excel- 
led by any hotel in town. Four attentive assistants 
are engaged, who make it a pleasure to attend to the 
wants of the guests. The house is well lighted by 
gas and there is telephone accommodation. Mr. \Vhit- 




J« i 

taker, wild lui-i comliictiMl ilic liuiHf for over 4 yi-ars, 
is a yoiini; j;ciiileinaii wt-ll <|ualifi<ji| lor llie position. 
He is pi asaiit in .narintMs, and consiantiy careful 1 
that ({uests receive every atli-riiion. lie was for 10 
years previous i<> (.^'i'^t! '"''' ''"' l>"'t"l l)ii-.iness, chief 
storcnian for the i-jrand 'I'runk Kaiiway Company. 
AiiV)n^; the tfavt-liinj; jmlilic and the citizens of Sariiia . 
he lias won hosts of friends. Me is a native of New 
\'oik State and has all the (jeniiine (pialiiies of the 
true American. 

»-■-.-=-* \ 

Otorg* L«ys li Oo.f Tailors, Kront 
Street. - rroniinenl amoiijj the many l)u-.ini'ss houses 
in S.unia is that of Messrs. Geor^^e Leys & Co., nier- 
chant tailors, on Front Street. This lirm have hecn 
. .^ " "" . established in 

business for the 
past twenty- 
eight years an<l 
durin^^lhat time 
have built up a 
biisines.s that is 
second to none 
in the town. 
The premises 
occupied are 
larjje and com- 
mixlious, being 
24x84 feet in 
tlimensions and 
elegantly fitted 
up. The ceil- 
inu, which is 
lofty, is beauti- 
fully (hcorated, 
giving to the 
/on/ ensemhie 
an artistic ap- 
pearance that 
IS pleasing to 
behold. A 
very large stock 
of tweeds, wool- 
lens, cassimeres, broatlcloths, etc., is carried in all the 
latest patterns, direct from the English and French 
manufacturers. The variety of the patterns is such 
that anyone can be "suited." Mr. Leys himself 
is a practical cutter and learned his trade in one of 
the leading houses in Scotland. The garments made 
by this tiouse are not surpassed by any other in On- 
tario, and for style and fit are most perfect. It is a 
rule of the firm never to a' iw an illfitting garment 
to leave their establishment, as they have built up 
their reputation upon the perfection of their work- 
manship. Besides the merchant tailoring department, 
the firm carry a large stock of gents' furnishing goods, 
in all the latest novelties in neckwear, hosiery and 
such other goods, which they receive direct for the 
diflferent seasons, as such goods change in the 
spring and fall. Eruployment is furnished toeighteen 
competent assistants and operators throughout the 
year. Mr. Leys is a native of Scotland and is in 
every respect a typical Scotchman, possessing all those 
sterling qualities which have madethatrace welcomed 
in every clime. While a go-ahead, active and ener- 
getic business man, Mr. Leys still takes time to per- 
form his duties as a citizen and has served in every 
municipal office, being in the School Board, Council, 
was reeve and two years mayor. He is at present 
and has been for several years Secretary of the Re- 
form Association. His copartner in the business is 

Mr Win. Williams, a gentleman who is well known 
and universally roijceied for his uniform probity and 
reliability in all commercial transactionii. 

Ocorg* Williams, Meiehant Tailor, i'ront 
Street. It has come to be a recogni/ed fact that the 
tailoring establishment of Mr. (ieorge Williams is 
one (/ the most prominent in Sainia. This has been 
the result of the aim of the proprietor to produce otdy 
first-clasM garments. The making of gentlemen's 
gariiienls to order by measure i-. one of llio~e arts that 
re(|uires, for its successful prosecution, the highest 
tlegree of aitisiic skill in every ilepartmeni of the 
business. Possessing a thorough practical know- 
ledge of the trade, Mr. Williams established the busi- 
ness three years ago, having been for 14 years 
previt)us a metiber of the tirni of (ieorye Leys 1% 
C'o., dufing which time he had entire charge ol ihtir 
merchant tailoring department. From its inception 
the principle of the house has been to give full value 
for money, the best material, lit and excellence, and 
thus a trade has been acipiired among the best class 
of citizens, and which isamuially increasing in volume. 
The premises occupied by the business, which are 
located on Front Street, are 18x45 '*-''■' '" 'limensions, 
which are replete with the finest imported fabrics 
from the principal looms of F.urope, embracing -uit- 
ings coatmgs, trouserings, overcoat goods, etc., of 
the latest patterns and highest f|ualities. Twelve 
skilled workmen are furnished employment, and the 
specialties of the house are correct styles, elegant fits 
and choice garments. Mr. Williams is a native of 
Scotland, and is a gentleman of excellent business 
qualities, and all who patronize him will find their 
business relations with the house of the most .satis- 
factory character. 

R. & H. Maokanzio, Furniture, Planing Mill, 
etc., l-ront Street. —Among the earliest settlers in 
Sarnia were the Mackenzie family, one of whom, 
Hon. Alex, Mackenzie, became premier of Canada. 
Two other brothers, Messrs. R. it H. Mackenzie, in 
1848, established themselves in the furnituie business, 
and since that time have been closely identified with 
the business interests of the town, the business ex- 
tending and developing as the town grew in jiopula- 
tion and importance. The premises occupied are 
35x70 feet in dimensions and 4 stories in height, 
which are well filled with a large and well assorted 
stock of furniture of every discription suitable for 
parlor, bedroom, diningroom, jftice, etc. In con- 
junction with the furniture department the firm have 
a large saw and planing mill, being builders and con- 
tractors. The mill has a frontage of 270 feet by a 
depth of 300 feet, which extends to the wharf on the 
St. Clair River and gives excellent facilities for ship- 
ment. The mills contain all the latest and n.ost im- 
proved wood-working machinery. There are two 
12 horse-power steam engines, one for the saw- 
mill and one for the planing mill. The firm manu- 
facture all kinds of sash, doors, blinds, mouldings, 
sheetings and all other builders' materials of a manu- 
factured nature, employment being furnished to fifteen 
assistants. Mr. Mackenzie is a native of Scotland, 
and cameto Canada in early life. He is a gentleman 
of sterling business qualities, and is held in the high- 
est estimation by the community of which he has 
been for so long an integral part. 

. ■. V. Ui'^ilr -iJti-. '.^i.-,'ji'-F«i- 



••rnia Iron Work*, Krancis Ulmki.-, I.ochiil 
Street.- - VVhcnSartiia wasliiiU- iiKiri; than nslragnliiig 
hamlft of Imt a few huusis, Mr. I'raiu'is Mlaikic »s- 
lavished his present l)usiiuss of a iimcliinisl. Thi-. 
was 40 years ajjo and since that remote period he has 
i)iiilt up an exceiler I ' business, whicli hi\s l.een of steady 
luit con.slanl (;ro\\ h. The premises occupied liy 
him ar.' J5 x 2ckj feet in dinien.sions, inihi(hnj; 
ssverat iiuildings for foundry, niaciiine shop, etc.. 
and where hi- k'^cs cniploynitnt on an average 
throughout the year to 20 skilled workmen. The 
works arc lilted up with all the rci|uisite machinery, 
turning lathes, planers, drills, etc., .ind are operated 
by a 15 horse-powei engine. .Mr. Itlaikie makes a 
si)ecialiy of manufacturing; pumps for waterworks, 
of which he makes a large number, and which are 
ntil excelled by any other manufacturer in ihe Do- 
minion, llesides iliese he makes steam iioilers and 
engines for boats, etc., does general repairing and 
makes all kinds of brass and iron castings, and does 
every description of mill work. Mr. ISlaikie is a 
•horoughly practical machinist of large experience, 
and is a native of .'-Scotland, iVom which country he 
came when but a youth. lie is in the truest sense 
of the word a self-made man, and has earned the 
respect and good- will of the general counnuiiiiy. 
Among the many places where spctinuns of his 
production may be seen are the CJuelph City Water- 
works. .Sarnia Water-works and Gas Works, ihe 
Alph Oil Works and a sjiecial veneer mill of his make, 
which he ships largely to the United .States. 

gi.ods, carrying all the leaning brands, including the 
celebrated Viiginia smoking and chewing lobaccon, 
also meerschaum and briar root pipes, tobacconists' 
sundries, fancy goods anil all article* rei|uireil by 
tho»e who use tobacco in any form. On the second 
story is a barbtr shop ami bath rounis for hoi ami 
cold baths. This latter is a great convenience to the 
travelling public, especially in a town where there 
are no balhs in any ot the hotels, and is therefore 
well patroni/eil ; every alicntion is given by cour- 
teous ami careful assistants, limplovnu nt is fiirni^lie<l 
to 5 comoetent hands throughout the year. .Mr. 
Storey is a native of I'.ngland and is an active, enter- 
prising bu.'iness man, who is oupular with the whole 
comii\uniiy, and who, during a long business career, 
has always been successful as an upright, honorable 

" Big 4," F. Smith & Co., Itoots and shoes, 
I'ront .Street.- When a good article is placed upon 
the market and the proprietors desire that the puldic 
shall know it and that it shall stand or fall upon ils 
merits, they place a tra<le mark upon it, and thus the 

Standard Livery, 1'. Dundas, Christina Street. 
— One of the most popular and prominent among the 
first class livery atid boarding stablts in Sarnia are 
those known as the .Standard Livery, and owned an<l 
conducted by Mr. T. Dundas, who has been estab 
lisheil in the business for the past ten years. The 
premises occupied, which are located on Christina 
iitrpet, are 68x1 50 feet in dimensions and two stories 
in height, and a substantial structure. Thei-e are the 
finest and largest stables and have the best accom- 
modation for horses in the city. Kvery attention is 
given to horses left in his charge, which aie boarded 
by the day, week or month upon the most reasonable 
terms. Two ex|)erienced grooms are employed, and 
as regards facilities, convenience and ventilatiim the 
stables have no sujierior in .Sarnia. In the livery 
department there are ten spirited, stylish driving 
horses, 14 fashionable rigs on wheels and 12 sleighs 
and cutters. Mr. Dundas also runs a bus in con- 
nection with the Krie & Huron Railroad, which calls 
at all the leading hotels for |)assengers previous to 
the outgoing of the trains. Mr. Dundas is a native 
of Canada, is a popular citizen, and enjoys the con- 
sideration of the whole community. He does a large 
business and his jiatrons are derived from the leading 
fashionable and best citizens. 

Wllliain Storoy, Tobacconist, Wholesale and 
Retail Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Tobaccos and 
Cigars, and Tobacconists' (ioods, Front .Street, oppo- 
site the Belchamber — One of the largest 
establishments in the tobacco trade en Front Street, 
Sarnia, is that of Mr. William Storey, who has been 
established in the business for over 20 ye.irs. The 
premises occupied are large and well adapted to the 
business conducted, being 20x65 ^^^^ '" dimensions. 
Mr. Storey is a wholesale ind retail dealer in foreign 
and domestic tobaccos and cigars, and tobacconists' 

jjubliccan purchase the goods of that brand or leave 
them severely alone. Thus .Messrs F. Smiths: Co., 
boot and shoe dealers of I-'ront .Street, Sarnia, know- 
ing that they propose to han<lle nothing but the best 
([uality of goods, have made their trade mark the 
" Hig 4," and for the comparatively short time they 
have been e-tablished in business in Sarnia the " liig 
4 " has become one of the institutions of the town, and 
the reputation of the lirni for superior (piality of goods 
carried has becoirie well established. The premises 
occupied are 20 x 60 feet in dimensions, and 3 stories 
in height, where a large stock o( bo(.>ts and shoes, 
rubbers, etc., is carried, suitable for ladies and gents, 
youths and misses, as well as children, in the most 
fashionable styles and from the heaviest kip to the 
finest kid. There is a special custom work depart- 
ment where work of a superior (piality is executed 
by skilled workmen, that cannot be excelled by any 
other house in town, employment being furnished to 
6 competent assistants and workmen. The firm have 
another similar store in Chatham, which is likewise 
successful, beingrun upon the same principle. .Messrs. 
.Smith & Co. are natives of Canada, and are live, 
thorough-going business men, who understand the true 
road to business success. 





■? ■'- 


Barilla Atrloultural ImilUnitnt Manu* (-onipUtcly revDtutiiiniml l>y Ihr intr<><luctionnrtno«e 

faeturing Oompany, Llmlfad, M,iniir.i(-liir('r> Muiiik-r^ of niccliiiniHiii, ihc iMii<li-rn ;iKri(-ulturnl itn- 

of Ri ipirs, MowiTs, lliiulerit nml Tlirc-iher^. In tin- |)U-nuiils. rroniincnl .inionn llm>f ellna^cc>l in ihi» 

miUiufiiclureofnjjriculluriil iniiilenu-nlHalnrynnKmni line <if nianiifncluri- is tUv Sarnia AKriiultiiiai Iinple- 




of money is invested, and employment is furnished to ment Maniifacluring Company. The plant is very 
thousands of workmen throughout the Dominion, j extensive, and consists of seven buildings, each being 
Within the past quarter of a century farming has been 40XICX) feet in dimensions and one story in height, 




IwinR Holidly built of l)rick. Thi- ilifTiri-ni clcjiiiri 
invntK ciinHiitt of fmindry, slorcrnom^, lilai kmnih 
shop, nmchinc -thnii, wnotl sbii|i, |i\ini -diup ntul Murf- 
hiiiiscH, In pnssiii^ through ihrsc <lt luriini'tu-. ii 

in ilic fimni'iy, wodiI sliDp or mnrtiinc Kh")), lliim 
iiiilicniiii),' llio thi)riiii^li s^^icin tlit-rr it In cvrrytliini;. 
I'll'- (Miiiial iif the t'limpiiny, wlijili in n joint slock 
iiiif, i-. $i(R),oon, ;iiiil ill'' iithrcr^ nn- as follows: 













visitor will specially notice the activity which is Oeor^e Leys, Lsq. President; T. Kenny Esq., 
displayed on every hand, and the businesslike Vice-President ; K J. CruR, Ks<).. Man.-er ; J. G^ 
appeaLce there is about everything, whether it be j Craig. Ls<;., Secretary. The Company have been 







t . ? '^i 

t i- 

: I 


estal)Iished for fivo years in Sarnia, 
and for the past 14 years in Straih- 
roy. They give einpioynient to 
60 skilled workmen throughout the 
year, and use a 35 hto^-e-povver 
engine in driving the machinery. 
The line of implements manufactured 
hy this Company include the Maiidin 
Chain Mower, Kureka Two- Wheeled 
Binder, and McCloskey Talent Sepa- 
rator, cuts of which ar- herein given. 
The production of the Mailclin Chain 
Mower and the Kureka Steel Two- 
Wheeled Binder is attril)ulai)le to the 
long and patient toil of S. D. Maddin, 
who has spent many year:; in perfecting 
the machines, and now has the satis- 
faction of knowing that he has given 
to the world a hinder and mower that 
are sure to revolutionize the trade in 
their particular line. In the season 
of i8b6 the Maddin Chain Mower 
was first introduced, and all who saw 
it at work, at once pronounced it the 
leading machine of the day. This 
mower is almost entirely constructed 
. of malldable iroii and steel, and is by 
■fc^ far the lightest and simplest mower 
C ever introduced. The knife will run 
"j e<iually well with the cutting bar in 
"^^ any pjsition, thus making it the best 
*> machine a man who has stumpy or 
"^ hilly ground can buy. For many 
.£ years the binder users of the United 
*^ Slates and Canada have been asking 
S^ for and expecting a binder light in 
1 weight and simple in construction. 
.' The Euieka Binder is just the machine 
^ that has been wanted It is the light- 
o est, strongest, and most positive in 
? its operation of any binder ever pro- 
_C duced ; weighs one-half /fss than any 
^•' other, and is the only machine that 
•S two horses can successfully handle. 
? Strange as it may seem, this binder is 
jj; constructed without a shaft or key, 
and coiled springs are almost entirely 
dispensed with. We would advise all 
contemplating purchasing a binder to 
send for circulars, as after an examin- 
ation of the many advantages of this 
machine over all others, you will 
purchase no other. The McCloskey 
Separator is the most popular machine 
in Canada. The Company claim that 
the McCloskey Separator will thresh 
and clean more grain in a given time 
than any other machine now m use. 
Send for circulars. The annual s-'les 
of the Company average about $/S)- 
000. Mr. V. J. Craig, the efficient 
manager, is a native of Canada, and 
has a thorough practical knowledge 
of the business he so s'-'.y superintends, 
lie is a gentleman highly esteemed 
by all who know him, and was 
formerly Mayor of Strathroy, a pos- 
ition he filled with profit to the towii 
and honor to himself. 




Allinghfim BrOSi, Grocers, Prdvisions, |- riiits, 
Vetjetables, anJ llea(l(|uartfrs for \'essel Supplies, 
Chrislina S''eet. — Among those enyagt-d in ihc 
grocery line in S.irnia, the tirm of Messrs. Ailinghiun 
iJros. is deserving of special notice. This hiisiiiess 
was established over two years ago, an<l during tiiat 
comparatively short time has increased lapidly. The 
premises occupied, which are located on Chrisiina 
Street, are 25.\I35 feel in dimensions, wherein is car- 
ried a large stock of staple and fancy groceries, the 
finest brands of teas and colTeei'fi"- famdy use, piire 
spices, table delicacies, canr-.a goods and all kinds 
ofprovisons. In their season fresh Iruits are largely 
dealt in and also vegetables. The tirm do a large 
trade with the vessels trading on ihi: rivtr and lakes, 
and keeping the best class of goods at the lowest 
market prices, they are constantly increasing their 
business. The firm also have a special departnient 
for meats, so that orders for all such lines are promptly 
filled. Employment is furnished to three competent 
assistants, and a team is used in the delivery of 
goods to customers. Mr. William Allingham is a 
native of the United States and has resided in 
ada since he was six years old ; Mr. Edward Alling- 
ham is a native of Canada. Both genllemtn are 
fine business men and are on the highway to business 

celebrated make, is ii.-ide a specialty. On the third 
story is the tin> -'ith shop, where everything in the 
line of tin an.l copper ware is manufactured by skilled 
workmen. The stock carried by this house is very 
complete, and embraces all lines of hardware, all of 
the best f(uality, which are sold at prices that defy 
compelititjn. In carrying on tlie business employ- 
ment is fur:iisheil to eight competent assistants. 
The Messrs. J. it G. SicEdward are natives of 
Canada, and are enterprising business men of energy 
and ability, and the success 'hey have achieved is 
well deserved. They are gentlemen highly esteemed 
in the communi;y. 

O. F. DiiQkens, Poultry, Stock a'ld Hird Fan- 
cier, DulTerin Avenue. — While all regidar lines of 
industry represented in Satnia . re receiving con- 
siderate and careful notice at our hands, wt take 
special ])leasure in calling attention to (for this jilace) 
a new and very ini];ortant as well as fast developing 
enterprise established recently by Mr. C. F. Dickens, 
of tht .>outh Ward of this town, we refer to his prize 
poultry raising and egg i)acking business. From a 

Panlel Clark, Groceries and Provisions, 
Christina and George Streets, — Many years ago, , 
when Sarnia was still in her infancy, and its tine busi- i 
ness blocks were unthought of, Mr. Uaniel Clark 
established himself in the grocery business. That 
was 30 years ago, and during that time he has built 
up an excellent trade that now extends not only 
throughout .Sarnia, but the district surrounding. 
The preiiiises occupied, which are large and com- 
modious, consist ol two stores, each being 20 x 50 
feet in dimensions, and are weli stored with a full 
and complete stock of choice groceries, including the 
best brands of teas from China and Jajian, fragrant 
coflTees, pure spices, table delicacies, hermetically 
sealed goods, butter, cheese and all kinds of provisions, 
also flour and feed. .Mr. Cl.'irk gives employment to 
3 competent and courteous assistants, and uses a team 
for the delivery of goods throughout the section of 
country wherein his trade extends. Mr. Clark is a 
native of Canada and is a persevering, enterprising 
and able business man, whose many years' experience 
has given him a thorough knowledge of the wants of 
the public and enables him to anticipate their require- 
ment-j. He is a gentleman held in the highest 
estimation by i^ 1 who know him, and he is public 
spirited and 'takes a deej) interest in all that pertains 
to the welfare of the town, and was at one time a 
member of the Council. 

«l. ft O. MoEdwrard, Hardware, Front Street. - 
As a coun'ry develops and gets built up tht re is a 
constantly increasing demand for hardware, either for 
building purposes, tlie household, factories or offices, 
and consequently the supply should equal the demand. 
Sarnia is favored in this respect in having the exten- 
sive hardware establishment of Messrs. J. & G. Mc- 
Edward, which is centrally and eligibly located on 
Front Street. Although only established for two 
years a large business has already been attained, 
extending liiroughout the town of Sarnia and outlying 
districts. The premises occupied by the firm are 
30x60 feet in dimensions and three stories in height. 
Here a very large stock of staple and shelf hardware 
is carried ; also stoves, of which the " Sultana." a 


small and unostentatious beginning this vcnluie has, 
under the fostering care and judicious management 
of Mr. Dickens, assumed extensive proportions, 
which are, however, but the nucleus of what the 
bu>iness is destined to become. Through the kind- 
ness of ihe proprietor, the writer was enabled to 
visit this establishment, and under the guidance of 
Mr. E. B. Shaver, the polite and efficient young 
man in charge, learned much that he did not know 
in regard to the improvements that have been maile 
in poultry laising since he was a boy on a back- 
woods farm. The poultry farm consists of ten acies, 
abfiut half of which is at present utilized for the 
buildings, yards and hen runs. Several hundred 
birds are kept, all belonging to the several 
branches of the sristocratic family known as the 
"Plymouth Rocks " They are of all ages and sizes, 
from the tiny little piper lately turned out by the 
Mammoth Incubator to the majesiic Patofamilias, 
who cost his owner fifty dollars and carried off the 
first prize at the Toronto Exhiiiition. A modest 
looking pullet was also shown, which came into this 
flock in exchange for $25 ; in fact, all the breeding 
pens are filled with birds valued at from $5 to $25 
each, several of which have taken first prizes and 
scored from 90 to 95* points at all the leading poultry 
shows. The entire capacity at pre^e:ll afiorSs ac- 
commodation for 1,500 adult fowls and l,oco chick- 
ens every six weeks, while altogether a capital of 
about $10,000 IS at ihe back of the business. The 
main building contains many compartments, one be- 
ing occupied by the hatching machine, which has a 




11 > 

capacity of 400 eggs, another by the brooders, where 
the little ones are cared for during; the tirst month of 
existence. There are some halfdozcn Iront compart- 
ments opening on to an ecpi!'! number of hen runs 
where the fowls take open air exercise, while beyond 
i< a |)lantation of sunilowers that would make Oscar 
Wylde t^row green with envy. .Mr. Dickens has in- 
vented all the appliances in use in this establishment, 
and many of them are marvels of ingenuity and con- 
venience. II'.' has also a new |)rocessof hisown for the 
preserving of egii;s, which has proved cminen'.ly sat- 
isfactory, and this department will henceforth receive 
special attention. Mr. Dickens is one of Sarnia's 
most respected citizens ai:d most expert business 
men. We wish him every success in his present un- 

Oeorge Luoas, Jr., Harness Manufacturer, 
Christina Strcel. — Among the prominent industries 
conducteii in Sarnia is thai of harness making, and 
assuredly no better work is turned out anywhere in 
Western Ontario than is here. Holding a leading 
place among manufacturers in this line is Mr. George 

Lucas. Jr., whose store is located on Christina Street. 
Till, business was first established by his father as 
far back as the year 1845, when Sarnia was still in 
its infancy, and five years ago the son — the present 
proprietor — succeeded to the business. The premises 
occupied are 26x40 feet in dimensions, where employ- 
ment is lurnished to 6 skilled workmen. Mr. Lucas 
manufactures all kinds of single and double harness, 
which for lightness, durability and finish is not su - 
passed by that of any other manufacturer in this sec 
tion of the country, a fact which is substantiated by 
the fact that Mr. Lucas receives many orders from 
parties in Manitoba and the North-West. He also 
deals in whips, robes, blankets, saddles and all such 
other articles as properly come under the name of 
saddlery. Mr. Lucas was born and brought up in 
Sarnia and is a practical workman as well as thorough - 
going business man. He is held in the highest re- 
spect in the community where he has so long resided. 

Cdwin Wright, Insurance Agent, Front Street. 
— Among the most important of all institutions in a 
business community is that of insurance. It is a 
recognized power by all thinking men, who would as 
soon leave the doors of their stores or warehouses 
open at night as to go to bed uninsured. The only 
point that there is any idea of hesitancy upon is, in 
what company it is most advisable to place their 
risks. Among those doing business in Canada there 
are none more substantial or are conducted upon 
sounder basis than the .Etna, Hartford, Citizens 
(fire,'life and accident), Quebec, British America, 
Phienix, Fire Insurance Associatif)n of England, and 
Lloyd's Plate Glass, each in their different sphere. 
These companiesare old established and arewellknown 
throughout the world as representative in their line 
and perfectly sound and reliable. Mr. Edward 

Wright, the agent for these companies in Sarnia, has 
been established in business for the past 3 years and 
is a gentleman well known in the business com- 
munity. He will be pleased to give all information 
respecting these companies, and will effect insurance 
upon the most advantageous terms. He is a native 
of England and is a thorough-going business man, 
possessing a ileep kno 'iedge of insurance in all its 
details. He is a gentleman who has won and 
merited the esteem of the public for his genuine 
qualities of head and heart. 

I. Bond ti Oo>, Bakers and Conic ctioncrs. 

Front Street. — It has been well said that " bread is 

the staff of life." It is a fact that bread is something 

of which one never tir?s. und life can be sustained for 

an indeiinite period upon nothing more than bread 

and water. Among those prominently connected 

i with the bread, pastry and confectionery business in 

! Sarnia is the lirm of Messrs. I. Bond it Co., whose 

establishment is located on Front Street. This firni 

' successfully conducted business in Alvinston for 6 

years, and, wishing to move to a larger sphere of 

' labor, removed to Sarnia, where they bought out the 

i business of Mr. James Copeland one year ago. The 

I premises occupied, which are very tastefully fitted 

' up, are 20x80 feet in dimensions. In the rear is to 

be found the bakery ivith standing ovens and all the 

I necessary appliances for successfully carrying on the 

business of a bakery. Employment is furnished to 4 

competent hands, and a waggon for the delivery of 

] the bread and pastry throughout the town is used. 

The business has rap'dly increased since Messrs. 

Bond d- Co, took hold of it one year ago, and it is 

! daily increasing. Mr. Bond is a native of Canada 

and is a practical baker and a live, energetic business 

I man, honorable and upright in all his dealings. 

j Hall Bros., Tannery and Harness Makers, Front 
'■ Street. — "There is nothing like leather" is an old 
: saying, and it might have been added "well tanned," 
' which is one of the great requisites of all good 
leathers. The art of tanning dates back to the earliest 
' ages, but it has made marked improvements of late 
years. Ainong those who are prominently engaged 
i in thij line of industry in Sarnia are Messrs. Hall 
i Bros., whose tannery is located on Front Street. 
I The premises occupied are 24x70 feet in dimensions 
I and two stories in height, where they manufacture 
i upper leather, calfskins and kip. The tannery con 
; tains all the requisite machinery and appliances for a 
proper prosecution of the work, .so that the leather 
produced by them is not surpassed by that of any 
other manufacturer in Western Ontario. Employment 
is furnished to four competent workmen throughout 
the year. Besides the tannery Messrs. Hall Bros, 
have a store further east on Front Street, where they 
carry all kinds of single and double harness, and 
leather and findings. They also manufacture harness 
of all descriptions, the workmanship of which is ot 
the best, and the quality of the leather most superior 
and durable. The premises here occupied are 20x60 
feet in dimensions, and four competent workmen are 
given employmen'. The fiim have been established 
in business for a quarter of a century. Messrs. 
Hall Bros, are natives of Scotland, and are thorough- 
going business men. Mr. Richard Hall has been a 
member of the Town Council for five years, and Mr. 
Morrison was formerly a member of the same body. 
Both gentlemen are held in the highest esteem in 
business and social circles. 

j; ^ r 4Wi.' •* - t-A. it, 

",i&W^ J^(^^^ 



a, has 

s and 






II its 



R. WanlCSSf Family (Irocer, Corner Christina | 
and Lochiel Streets. -No more certain or reliable ' 
evidence of the progress of a community can be fur- ' 
nished than the steady growtii of its domesiic com- 
forts. In the matter of groceries, this juogress has i 
been very marked within the past fifteen or twenty 
years, delicacies being constantly added to the staple 
.stock. Among those holding a ])roniinent place in 
the grocery line in .Sarnia is Mr. R. Wanless, whose 
store is located at the corner of Lochiel and Christina 
.Streets. This business established in 1X67, and 
ever since its inception its development has been con- 
stant and steady, until it now embraces in its opera 
tions iiot only the town of Sari.ia. l)ut the surround- 
ing section of country. The premises occupied are 
25x40 feet in dimensions and three stories in height, 
with basenient. Here is carried a very large stock 
of staple and fancy groceries, including the choicest 
br.xnds of teas from Chinaand japan, fr-igrant coffees, 
pure spices, table delicacies, hermetically sealed 
goods, etc., etc., as well as all kinds of provisions, 
flour and feed. Employment is furnished to six as- 
sistants, and three horses and ilelivery waggons are 
used in the business. Mr. Wanless is a native of 
Scotland and is a gentleman of thorough-going busi- 
ness habits, combining energy, enterprise and ability, 
which have been instrumental in gaining for him his , 
present success. 

a. O. HughSOn St Co., Sash, Doors, P>linds, 
etc., Vine Street. — Among the most important of 
the industries carried on in Sarnia is that of the 
manufacture of builders" materials. In compara- 
tively new sections of country building is carried 
on to a large extent, and its operations are extensive. 
Prominent among thos<: engaged in the building 
material line in Sarnia is the well-known firm of 
Messrs. J. C. Hughson & Co., whose premises are 
located on Vine .Street. This business was estab- 
lished 12 years ago, and during that time has devel- 
oped rapidly, now embracing in its scope both Sarnia 
and the surrounding district. The plant, which is 
composed of numerous buildings and lumber yards, 
covers a space of over i^ acres of ground. The 
planing mill contains all the latest and most im- 
proved wood-working machinery, driven by a 25 
horse-power engine. In the works employment is 
furnished to 25 assistants and skilled workmen in the 
manufacture of sash, doors, blinds, mouldings, sheet- 
ings, balusters, etc., etc., and all other kinds of 
builders' materials. The work produced by this firm 
is not excelled by any other concern in Sarnia, either 
in finish or quality, and the prices charged are the 
lowest of the low for similar class of goods. Mr. G. , 
L. Hughson, themnnager of the Sarnia establishment, ■, 
is a native of the United States, and is a thorough ; 
go-ahead business man, fully abreast of the times ; ! 
he is a member of the School Board, and is highly 
esteemed in business and .social circles. : 

the people of Sarnia for the ])ast 25 years. The 
premises occupied by him, which are eligibly situ- 
ated on Front Street, are 20x66 feet in dimensions 
and 2 stories; in height, where he carries a very 
large and complete stock of books, both in litera- 
ture and blank books lor mercantile purjioses, also 
note and letter papers for the oflice, school and 
home, pens, ink, mucilage, etc. lie aiso has a very 
nice and well selected stock of fancy goods of every 
description, which he is .selling at prices that cannot 
be btaten. His stock of wall papers will be found 
to contain many handsome designs of the latest 
])atlerns of French and English manufacture. Mr. 
.Mc Master is a native of Ireland and is a thorough- 
going business man and holds the res])onsible office of 
tciwn assessor. lie is h<'ld in high esteem by all 
who know him. 

D. MoMaslar, Bookseller and Stationer, Front 
Street. — What people in the ancient days did with- 
out books to read, or paper, pens and ink to write with, 
is a mystery to many people in this more advanced 
age. Of course very few could read and so books 
were not required, and as less could write certainly 
the other articles mentioned were never missed by 
the masses. But in this age of the world's history 
the reverse is the case. Amoi.g those prominently 
connected with the book and stationery trade in 
Sarnia is Mr. D. McMaster, who has been supplying 
Irnowledge and the means of diffusing information to 

Sarr.ia MarbU and Stona Worka, Henry 
likelier. Front Stre t. — The working in granite and 
marble is among the earliest of the known arts, having 
been practised long before the erection of the 
pyramids, .so that it is an ancient and honorable 
craft. Among those prominently connected with it 
in Sarnia ic Mr. Henry Blacker, proprietor of the 
Sarnia Marble and Stone Works, which are located 
on Front Street. This gentleman has been estab- 
lished in the business for the past 12 years, and has 
built up an extensive trade, which extends throughout 
Sarnia and surrounding district. The premises 
occupied by him for office and yards are 50x100 feet 
in dimensions, where employment is furnished to six 
competent and skilled workitien. He manufactures 
all kinds of tablets, monuments and mantels, and 
dresses stone for builders. Mr. Blacker has a high 
reputation in his line, and the work executed by him 
cannot be surpassed by any other concern in Ontario, 
he being a practical stone-cutter and an expert work- 
man. He is a gentleman held in the highest esti- 
mation in the community for his bu:iness and social 




■•<,■ . ■■ 



A. O. RIOC & COat Mniiulachirers of Stave 
Baskets, Cheese Hoxes, and Kiuit Packages of every 
descri[)ti(jn, Sarnia, Ontario. - Amoiig the specialties 
in the line o( manufacture in Sarnia is the manufacture 

of cheese boxes, baskets, fruit packages, etc. This 
industry was established by Messrs. A. C. Rice iV Co. 
3 years ago in the old Methodist Church on Elizabeth 
St. Mr. A. C. Rice was for some years with .Messrs. 
A. W. Wells & Co. in 
the same line in St. Joseph, 
Michigan, where he learned 
the biisines-s. The premises 
'occupied, which are 40x80 
feet in dimensions and 
substantially built of brick, 
are already becoming too 
small for the rapid develop- 
ment of the business, which 
so that the (irm propose 
enlarging and extending 
their facilities early in the spring. That their busi- 
ness is rushing may be gleaned frcm the fact that they 

have orders on 
hand now that will 
lake them till Oc- 
tober to till. Mr. 
Rice is a mechan- 
ical genius, and 
has devised and 
in fact manufac- 
tured some of his 
I own machinery 
'which, being speci- 
ally adapted for 
the work in hand, could not be obtained otherwise. 
The other machinery he had made under his specifi- 
cations in the States. A 25 hjrse-power engine fur- 
nishes the power ref|uired, while employment is 
furnished to 15 competent workmen and more will 

soon beref|uired. 
The trade of the 
house extends 
hroughout the 
entire Dominion, 
and a specialty is 
now being made 
of axle grease 
boxes, besides all 
kinds of stave 
baskets, cheese 
box'-.-s, bushel 
>askets, sixteen 
|uart crates, 
grape boxes. Diamond uiarket baskets, half-bushel 
picking baskets, etc. Messrs. Walter Woods & Co. 
are their wholesile agents for Ontario. Mr. Rice is 
a native of New York State and is possessed of all 
that go-ahead enterprise so characteristic of the 
Americans. He is building up an industry in Canada 


whose proportions in the future cannot at present be 
foreseen. Mr. John Nesbett, the other mt-mber of 
the firm, is one of Sarnia's best known citizens and 
most expert business men ; and besides the above 
described enterprise is proprietor of the extensive 
business known as the Courtright Salt Co., while in 
the coal trade he handles some 40,000 tons annually, 
and supplies fuel to the Grand Trunk Railway Com- 
pany for the division west of Sarnia. 

Hill, Simpson & Oo., Wholesale and Retail 
(Irocers and Jobbers, Front Street. Prominent 
among the many mercantile houses in Sarnia is that 
of Messrs. IIMl, Simpson & Co., whose establish- 
ment is located on Front Street. This business was 
established 13 years ago by Mr. Hill, the senior 
member of the present firm, who, in 1885, tcok 
.Messrs. Simpson and Gibb into partnership with 
him, forming the present firm of Hill, Simpson & 
Co. The premises occupied are 30 x 60 feet in 
dimensions, with basement. Here is carried a very 
large and well selected stock of staple and fancy 
groceries of the purest ([uality. The firm do a 
wholesale and retail business, and are jobbers and 
general dealers in oysters in Imlk, can or otherwise. 
They deal very extensively in salted fish, handling 
most of the caich taken in the south-east portion of 
Lake Huron and the .St. Clair River in this vicinity. 
Their mnual ouijiut in fish alone avera'];es $10,000 
a year. In fruits, hay, etc., they ship large quanti- 
ties during the season o( navigation up through the 
North-West. In winter they handle the fish prin- 
cipally. In the grocery line their trade extends 
throughout Sarnia and district and up as far as Win- 
nipeg. They have a bonded warehouse principally for 
tobaccos now, as since the .Scott Act they do not handle 
li<|uors. Employment is furnished to 5 assistants 
throughout thf year. Taking all the branches of the 
business conducted by this house, i's operations are 
on a very extensive scale, embracing as it does the 
western portion of Ontario and the North-West. 
.\11 ihe members of the firm are progressive, enter- 
prising and able business men, fully up to the times 
in every respect and leading tlie majority of their 
contemporaries. Mr. D. Gibb, the junior member 
of the firm, is a member of the Council. The house 
is held in the highest repute throughout the trade for 
their honorable dealing, and individually they are 
held in the highest esteem in the community. 

I Wnt. ilehltston, Family Grocer, Lochiel Street. 
— Among the business houses in Sarnia whose de- 
velopment since its inception has been most marked, 
and therefore worthy of special mention, is that of 
Mr. William Johnston. This business was estab- 
lished 9 years ago, and has met with constant and 
steady increase. The premises occupied are 22 x 40 
feet in dimensions, with sheds and "^torehouses in rear. 
A very full and complete stock ot groceries and pro- 
visions is carried, -.Iso flour and feed. The teas 
and coffees are of the choicest grades for family use, 
also table delicacies, condiments, dried fruits, the 
best dairy butter and fresh eggs, etc., which are sold 
at as low prices as can be found in the market. 
Employment is furnished to 4 capable assistants, 
and 2 horses and waggons are used in the delivery of 
goods to customers throughout Sarnia and surround- 
ing sections of country. Mr. Johnston is a native of 
i Ireland and is a thorough-going and progressive busi ■ 
, ness man, who is fully up to the times in all matters 
I of business, and who has by his genial qualities won 
i the esteem of all who know him. 


11 K P |{ K S K N 1' A T I \ K H T S I X K S S M K N 


T. Ic «l. S. Symington, Dry (, (.•tc, 
Front Street. Sariiia can l)oast of many (irst class 
business houses that would (io creilii to any city in 
the Dominion, particularly is this the case in refer- 
ence to its dry jjooils houses, which for extent of 
premises and quality and variety of stock canied 
cannot be suri>:issed 111 Western Ontario. Holding 
a leading; place among such establishiuenis is the 
well-known house of Messrs. T. \- |. S. Sj'minglon, 
which is centrally located in their own block on !■ nmi 
Street. This busintss has been established for 20 
years, and from a comparatively small beginning has 
grown to large proportions. The premises occujjied 
are admirably adapted to the business conducted, 
being large and commcjdiuus, and are 24x140 feet in 
dimeijsions and 3 stories in height, where employ- 
ment is given to 30 competent assistants. In the 
department ol staple and fancy dry goods the stock 
is very complete, embracmg all the latest and most 
seasonable novelties in that line which the tirni have 
specially imported, as well as Wilton, Brussels, 
tapestry and other carpets and oilcloths, from the 
leading manufacturers. The stock ol carpets and 
oilcloths is full and complete, and embraces all the 
more recent and fashionable designs, which arc ex 
tremely artistic. A specially is made of line tailor- 

ng, a lirst-class cutter of many years' experience 
being specially engaged for this department and the 
stock of Scotch and French tweeds, overcoatings, 
etc., which they carry and from which the most par- 
ticular can make selection, is very extensive and 
varied. The garments made by this house are per- 
fect in fit, style and finish, and satisfaction is in ail 
cases guaranteed. The members of the firm are 
natives of Canada and are live, enterprising business 
men, who kaow no siich word as fail, as Richelieu 

wruld express it. T'ley are held in the highest 
regard by all v\ith whom they have busine-;s or social 

City Roll«r Mill, James Major >t Son, Front 
Street. -Milling is, in Canada, an important branch 
of industry, and scattered throughout the country, 
but more especially Ontario, which is the greatest 
giain growing section, apart from the North-West, are 
to be lound (lour mills of more or le^= prominence. 
Holding a leadmj plice m this line in Sarnia is the 
City Roller Mill, o! which Messrs. James Major iV 
Son are the pr.)prietor-. This mill, whi'n started by 
them in iSXt, was a stone mill, but two and a half 
years ago, to keep abreast of the times, they changed 
it over to a roller mill, putting in all the latest 
machinery, The mill is a frame structure 3.J stories 
in height ami 30x40 feet in dimensions. It is lilte<l 
up in excellent shape, and contains every description 
of machinery that will lend to imjirove their pro- 
duct. Among the rest may be mentioned the 
" Alis Four lirake" mac'iiine, ths "Style 1! " 
doid)le machine, one for low grade slufl and one for 
middlings. There are two run of stone, one for 
tinishing and one for chopping, the tinishing being 
done on one stone. I'or " boiling "" there is the 
following machinery: i centrifugal reel. 5 bolting 
reels, 4 scal|)ers, 2 purifiers, l bran duster and I 
combined smutter and separator. The machinery is 
run by a 35 horse-power engine, while the cajiacity 
of ihe mill is Oo barrels per day. The leading 
brands of tlour manufactured are " Snow Flake,' 
■' Straight Patent," and the low grade is known as 
" l''aniily.'" I'"ive competent hands are given em- 
ployment in ihe mill. Mr. James Major is a native 
of London, England, but he has spent 2 years over 
half a century on Canadian soil and is thoroughly 
imbued with Canadian ideas, and has been a magis- 
trate for many years. His son, of course, is a Caiui- 
dian. Both gentlemen are honorable, upright citi- 
zens and are held in the highest esteem in the com- 

L«ys It Morrison, Staple and Fancy Dry 
Goods, F'ront Street. — Sarnia is well supplied with 
business houses of the best class where goods can be 
obtained of as good quality and at as reasonable prices 
as in the larger cities of the Dominion. In this ^c 
spect the dry goods business may be said to take a 
leading part, and among those who have placed them- 
selves in the leading ranks, must be mentioned the 
firm of Messrs. Leys & Morrison, whose establish- 
ment is loci-ted on Front Street. This business was 
established seven years ago, and has been built up 
from what might be called comparatively small be- 
ginnings to its present enviable position. It has al- 
ways been the motto of the house to keep nothing 
but the best of goods in the market and sell on the 
smallest margin of profit, believing that "a nimble 
sixpence is better than a slow shi"'ng," thus they 
are always turning over stock and '. ymg in the latest 
novelties. The premises occupied by the firm are 
25x90 feet in dimensions and two stories in height, 
which are well filled with a large and varied assort- 
ment of dry goods, consisting of dress goods, wool- 
lens, winceys, laces, ribbons, and all such other ar- 
ticles as are usually to be found in a first-class estab- 
lishment. Besides the standard stock of dry goods 
Messrs. Leys & Morrison do a good merchant tailoring 
business, and turn out garments in perfect fit and 
finish at the lowest prices for the quality of the goods. 
Both members of the firm are natives of Canada, and 
are thorough-going business men, who are building 
up a trade of which they may well be proud. 

{ dames King, Roller Flour and Oatme.1l Mill, 
Cirain Merchant, Lumbermen's Supplies, Baled Hay, 
Oats, etc., .Sainia, Ont. — In a large grain growing 
country, such as that of Western Ontario, flour mills 
may be found dotted here and there at convenient 
sections, scarcely a town but what contains one or 
two. It is an important branch of industry and em- 
ploys a large amount of capital, and gives emp'oyment 
to many. The Sarnia Mills were erected in 1845, 
near the banks of the St. C^lair River, and 
like all others were what is known as a si one mill. 
Fifteen years ago Mr. James King purchased the 
mills, and continued them as stone mills until two 
years ago when he changed them entirely, sub- 
stituting rolls for the stone. There are nine set 
of rolls, cleaners, purifiers, separators and all other 
of the latest and most improved milling machinery, 
driven by a 60 horse-power engine. The mill is 
about 50x75 feet in dimensions, and three and a half 
stories in height. It is situated immediately on the 
line of railway and also of dockage on the St. Clair 
River, so that most admirable facilities for ship.iient 
are afforded. The special brand of flour manu- 
factured is " Snow Drop." The capacity of the mill 
is 125 barrels of flour per day. In connection with 
the flour there is an oatmeal mill, containing one set 
rolls and all the other necessary machinery for the 
proper prosecution of the work in hand. The special 
brands of oatmeal manufactured are the " Avondale" 
and "King" brands. Employment is furnished to 
sixteen competent hands. The trade of the concern 
extends throughout the Georgian Bay districts and 



locallv, anfl the surplus manufacture is exported. 
Mr. King, the proprietor, is a native of Scotland and 
is 1 tjcnllcruan held in the highest repute in social 
and business circles, and being a man of public spirit, 
and taking a deep interest in all matters that aflect 
the town, lias given his services in Vhe" Council in 
former years. Mr. Kinq, besides his )nanufacture ot 
Hour and oatmeal, is a heavy dealer in grain, hay and 
provisions, handling these extensively. 

Wltl. Haii, Board and Sale Slables, Christina 
Street. — There are many people who would keep a 
rig for their own convenience or jileasiire were it not 
that they have no means of stabling the horse or no 
time to attend to its care. To such the boarding 
stable is a great convenience and enables them to 
enjoy all the pleasures of such a rig without any of its 
(jtherwise accouijianying cares and trouble. Among 
those who make a specialty of i)oar(ling horses is .Mr. 
William Ilall, whose stable is locateci on Christina 

business was established over one year ago and has 
proved very successful so far. Mr. Mall intends ad- 
ding a livery to his boarding business in the spring, 
so that patrons can be accommodated with a rig at 
any lime. A competent and careful groom is em- 
ployed, .so that parties need have no hesitancy in plac- 
ing their horses in .Mr. Mall's care. Mr. Hall was 
born and raised in Sarnia and is well and favorably 
known in the community where he has so long residt d, 
anil where his many friends wish him every possible 
success in his undertaking. 

Street, the premises occupied being 45 x 70 feet in 
dimensions and substantially built of brick. The 
stables are neatly kept and are well ventilated and 
drained, and specially adapted for the board of horses, 
having a ca])acity for the care of 55 horses. The 

St. eiair HOUSO. W. Connor, Front Street.— 
For a ( comfortable anil thoroughly satis- 
factory place of abode, whether transient or regular, 
the St. Clair House has no superior in S^irnia. This 
is an old established and well-known hotel, and since 
coming into possession of its present projirietor, Mr. 
W. Connor, has bt en thoroughly refitted and repaired 
throughout in the most superior manner. This is the 
most convenient to the Grand Trunk Railway station, 
and the Eric & Huron dock, of any hotel in town, 
and also makes connection by bus with the f>ie 
station, and all poin's of importance in and around 
Sarnia. Having aneligilile iocuion on Front .Street, 
the house, which is substantially built of brick, has a 
frontage of too feet by a depth of 50 feet, and contains, 
besides dining and reading rooms, several sample 
roonisfor theaccommodationof the knights of the road, 
who patronize the St. Clair to a very liberal extent. 
The bar is stocked with a choice assortment of foreign 
and domestic cigars, and temperance drinks ; there 
are also several sitting rooms and 30 bedrooms, all of 
which are furnished with a view to both elegance, 
comfort and convenience. The //utiit consists of all 
the delicacies of the season, as well a.s the subslantials, 
and both cuisine and dining room are all that couKl 
be desired, and are in charge of a staff of courteous 
and com])etent assistants. iVIr. Connor, although 
quite a young man, is an experienced and popular 
hotel keeper, and is well and favorably known to the 
travelling public. 




One i)f the most notable towns in the whole of the Dominion is I'elrolea, so named from ihc vast 
([uantities of petroleum oil which exists in this district, and which is shipped to all parts of the lial>ital)le 
globe. This rock oil, or petroleum, is one of the most remnrkalile and peculiar natural jiroducts ol Canada 
West. By sonieauthoiities it is estimated the oil-be.iring limestone extends over r.n area of seven thousand 
square miles. It is certain that the area must be a most extensive one, otherwise the enormous yield 
of oil could not he obtained. The oil exists in the cavities of the limestone rock, which are of marine origin. 
At the present time, the number of wells pumping oil is ,3,000, 450 engines are used for pump ng, and 
some 600,000 barrels of crude oil are produced, the average cost per well l)eing $500. I'.etween 
two and three thousand hands are employed in pumping. There are nine large refmeries in the vicinity, 
which produce about 3,500 barrels of refined oil per week. Underground tanks to the capacity of 300,000 
barrels are used for storage, while some $3,000,000 are invested in the various branches of the oil industry. 
In this neighborhood the wells are from 450 to 500 feet deep, and are bored with extraordinary nipidi.y, 
the hole being aljout five inches in diameter. Usually the borings are thr-.Aigh 90 feet of clay, 30 feet of 
hard rock, 10 feet of soap stone, $ feet of hard rock, 130 feet of soap stone, 20 feet of hard rock, 40 feet of 
soap stone, and then through 166 feet of liard rock, after which tl'cr.- is a "show" of oil. The amount 
of oil given out by some of the wells is simply en irnums 'I singl'i well havini' been known to give over 
30,000 barrels, or 2,000,000 gallons of oil in the course of twelve months. The Grand Trunk Railway 
Company have several hundred oil tank cars, each containing 35 barrels, of 40 gallons each, for con- 
veying the oil from the wells to vaiioiis retineries along their line of rcnite. 

Fetrolea is an incorporated town, 160 miles from Toronto, located on Bear ('reek, a tributary of the 
Sydenham River. The I'etrolea branches of the O. W. Division of the (Jrand Trunk and of the Canada 
Divisior. of the Michigan Central both terminate here, i'etrolea is in Knniskillen township, in the county 
of Lambton, 16 ...lies from Sarnia, the county seat. 

Petrolea was settled in 1838, incoiporated as a village in 1866, and as a town in 1874. It has several 
manufactories, three foundiies and machine shops, two boiler works, lk)ur, planing and saw mills. There 
are churches of all denominations, Methodist, Presbyterian, Church of Kngland, Roman Catholic, Con(:re- 
gational and liaptist ; a well organized school system, and a branch of the IJank of London. There are 
two papers, both weeklies, the Advcitiser and Topic. The assessed valuation of real and personal 
property is $800,000, and the bonded indebtedness $30,000. There is a good volunteer fire deputment, 
with two steam and a hand engine ; while the population is 5,000. 

il. e. Van Camp, Furniture and Undertaking, 
Main Street. — Prominent among the business houses 
located on Main Street, Petrolea, is that of Mr. J. C. 
Van Camp, in the furniture and undertaking line. 
The business was first established by Mr. Charles 
McCormack 17 years a^o, which gentleman was 
succeeded by the present proprietor 14 years since. 
The premises occupied are 20x250 feet in dimensions, 
in which is carried a large stock of excellent furniture 
in bedroom, parlor and dining room sets, in different 
woods, which for beauty of design and finish cannot 
be surpassed by any other dealer ia Western Ontario. 
Besides his furniture business, Mr. Van Camp carries 
on the undertaking, having every facility for the 
proper conducting of funeral obsequies, such as a 
handsome hearse, foffins, caskets and other 
requisites. He is peculiarly qualified for this im- 
portant office, and all funeral arrangements placed 
in his care receive due attention. He gives em 
ployment to two assistants, who are both competent 
and courteous. Mr. Van Camp is a native of Canada, 
and is a gentleman of good business ((ualifications, 
and takes a lively interest in public matters, and 
served the town for three years, with much acceptance, 
in the Council. 

j C. Paaroei Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Main 
; Street. — The starting of new business enterprises in 
I any community, especially in a comparatively new 
1 district, is an evident sign of development and prog- 
I ress. It shows that there is abundant hope for the 
I further growth of the place. Such is the case with 
I I'etrolea; it is growing steadily every day ; new 
I businesses are being formed, new enterprises started. 
Among the comparatively new-comers in the dry 
goods line is Mr. C. Pearce, whose establishment is 
on Main Street, in a central location. This gentle- 
man established his business one year ago, and since 
that time its strides have been rapid. The premises 
occupied are 20x85 feet in dimensions, and are well 
stored with a large and excellent stock of staple and 
fancy dry goods, dress goods, linens, woollens, trim- 
mings, and such other articles as properly come under 
this head, of the latest designs and fabrics. He also 
keeps a very fine stock of gents' furnishing goods in all 
the latest novelties in neckwear, hosiery, etc., and in 
the conducting of his business he gives employment to 
two assistants. Mr. Pearce is a native of England, 
and has had a lengthened experience in the business 
he now conducts for himself, and which from his pre- 
sent methods will be calculated to secure success. 





V ■.■' 

':■ ■< 

*! ,i^i 



• =1 

Van Tuyl & Falrbank, Carrin^c Manur.ic- 

liners, Main Slrcc-i. The ;ili(>vc iiicn!.ii)neil linn arc 
the i)r()|)rii-lors of tlie iar(;cst carriage inaniifactDry 
in I'clrolea, tiic WDiks licin^; siliiati.'<l on Main 
Street. The prenii>es occupied arc 50x<)0 feet 
in (liniensions, tiie U)wer lloor heinj; dividod into 
three (le|)artincnts, tlie wood shop, l)laci;.sinith sliop 
and show rooms ; tiie upper lloors for paintini; and 
hnisiiini; sliojis. Tiie ixisincss was originally estai)- 
lished lo years a^;o liy Mr. Kyder, who was suc- 
ceeded two years ago hy Messrs. Van Tuyl iV Hair- 
bank, the present proprietors, and during the two 
years the latter tirni have been in business their 
vehicles liave gained a reputation second to none on 
the continent. The tirin not only supply the local 
tr.ade, but ship all over Ontario and the North- West, 
and even to far-distant India. Their work is noted 
for its style, finish and durability. They manufac- 
ture all kinds of carriages, open and top buggies, 
cutters, American Portlands, etc., in the shrigh line, 
ami in heavier work they make lumber waggons, 
trucks, etc. They give employment to, on an aver- 
age, lo men in winter and l6 in summer, all being 
skilled and competent workmen. All work is guar- 
anteed to be first-class, nothing but the best material 
bei.ig used. Messrs. Van Tuyl iV I'airbank are 
thorough-going business men, and full of push and 
enterprise. The manager o( the works, Mr. Nel-,on 
l?owen, is a gentleman of large experience and well 
qualified for the position, having conducted a business 
of his own in Moretown for some years. 

and the firm supply all the oil district with their 
>.up|)lies of whatever inture, keeping constantly on 
hand a coniplele assortment of everything, so that 
there is not the slightest delay in having to send to 
the .States or manufacturers for anything. The 
Messrs. \'an Tuyl iV Kairbank are live, active repre- 
sentative iiusiness men, who are "up to the times" 
in everything they undertake, and their establish- 
ment is in every respect a credit to the western 
peninsula. To facilitate the business of the house a 
liranch establishment is operated at Oil .Springs for 
the accommodation of their customers in that 
vicinity. Mr. T'airbank, whose name is a household 
word in I'etrolea, has represented the constituency 
in the Oominion I'arliament for many years, and has 
always been the leailing spirit among those who have 
proinoteil the interests of the town on every possible 
occasion. He is, besides the extensive interests al- 
ready mentioned, the largest oil producer ii) the 
|)ominion, and a member of the (inn of Vaughn & 
!• airbank, prominent bankers of Petrolea. 

Van Tuyl It Falrbank, Hardware and Oil 
^Vell Supplies, Main Street. — The business of the 
above-mentioned firm was established in 1873, and 
from comparatively small beginnings rapidly increased 
and became the largest hardware store west of 
Toronto, its main or heavy lines being, however, 
more special than general, although you can obtain 
anything here in the hardware line "from a needle 
to an anchor ;" no. not an anchor, probably, but an 
oil well rigging. Entering the main or general 
store, which is about 25x100 feet in dimensions, 
one is impressed with the amount of stock carried, 
and is at a loss to know how such an establishment 
could pay in I'etrolea ; but they have only put their 
foot upon the threshold. Ooing through to the 
large warehouses, of which there are two, with a 
depth of about 150 feet in all by 60, the surprise is 
greater. These immense warehouses are stocked up 
with bar iron, iron piping, ropes, glass, chiinneys, 
spades, forks, rakes, hundreds of kegs of nails, 
and all kinds of oil well supplies. Here will be 
found iron pipe from Glasgow, there some from 
Middletown and McKeesport, I'enn., and still 
again some from Wednesbury and Walsall, England, 
in almost all diameters. Besides the pipe in the 
warerooms, there is an immense quantity outside 
at different foundries being threaded ; this is 
the larger kind of pipes, the smaller being already 
threaded by the manufacturers. There are hun- 
dreds of tons of this iron piping, all carefully 
arranged by their sizes and make, in the warehouses. 
The firm carry nothing but the best stock, and as 
an instance it might be mentioned that they import 
their lamp chimneys from Pittsburg, Penn., as they 
could get nothing good enough in the Dominion, 
the Pittsburg chimney being as tough as " boarding 
house steak," and as clear as crystal. The firm re- 
quire the services of a large force of men and 
assistants throughout the different departments. The 
average output per annum amounts to about$25o,ooo, 

Endraaa Broa, Furniture, Main Street.— 
Among the different branches of commercial industry 
that of furniture holds a leading and important 
place. The household would be a chi'erless place 
without some nice, comfortable an<l artistic furniture 
to "set it off." Among those prominently engaged . 
in dealing in this line are Messrs. Endress Hros. , who 
have been established in the business over 2^ years. 
The business has steadily and constantly increased 
since its inception, and during the past sea.son has 
surpassed that of any other since starting. The 
premises occupied are 20 x 60 feet in dimensions, 
and are completely stored with a fine stock of hand- 
some household and ofifice furniture, parlor sets, 
bedroom sets, dining room furniture in diflferent 
kinds of wood and of handsome designs, which the 
firm sell at very moderate prices. The trade of the 
house is derived from the town, the Springs, Oil City 
and sections of surrounding country. Messrs. 
Endress Bros, make a specialty of window shades 
and picture framing. The members of the firm are 
natives of Canada and have good business qualifica- 
tions and are well deserving of every success. 

P. Barclay, Stationery and Fancy Goods, Main 
Street. — Prominent among the hrst settlers, in 
fact the first of the present settlers, of Petrolea is Mr. 
P. Barclay, who established the stationery and fancy 
goods business on Main .Street eighteen years ago. 
About that time he was also appointed postmaster, 
and has filled that position with honor ever since, 
being the present postmaster. The years that have 
passed have seen many changes in Petrolea, and Mr. 
Barclay has seen it grow up from a straggling hamlet 
to a good sized town. The premises at present 
occupied for a stationery and fancy goods store are 
10x45 f^^^ i" dimensions and are well stocked with a 
lull assortment of stationery of all kinds for school 
and ofifice use, a large assortment of fancy goods of 
every description, blank books, toys, wall papers, 
spectacles, etc., etc. The stock is a good one to 
select from, and the prices will be found very moder- 
ate. Mr. Barclay owns considerable oil lands, but 
does not work any wells at present. Mr. Barclay 
is a native of Scotland and came to this country 
when quite young, tie is a gentleman highly 
esteemed for his sterling qualities by all the com- 





^^^^•^-^^^^-'•-^ -'-'--'-- 







R' '■->.■■ 



<6r<: nil tlUr^rrto (v^ . 

V<? AND ^- 

BottlersofFineAles & Porter 



SEE PAGE 121. 

' 'i.:. 


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IW5to, mtb Ir^itr^^ £}k k |irtf C 




ThU incorporalfd town is pleasantly situated in Augusta township, Grenville c duniy, on the tianks of 
the St. Lawrence river, ami on iht- line of the Cirand Trunk Uailway, at its Junction of the S". Lawrence & 
Ottawa lino ol the (Canadian I'acilic Railway. It has a population of .},<xk), and the assessed *aluatiou of 
its real and personal proi)erty is $850,000. .Shipments are made of lumher, ale, whiskey, i;roin, etc. To 
meet the religious rc(|uirements of the people there are Kpiscopal, Caiholic, rresl.yierian, .Methodist and 
I'lymoulh Brethren churches. It cont.-iins three public schools and Mechanics' Institute, a town liall and 
music hall, which has a sealing capacity for 1,200. There are three weekly newspa|)ers for the disseniin 
ation of the news -the Afessvnger, the Telegraph, and the Leeds and (Jrenville /nilapentitHt. Connection 
hy . 'ry is had every half hour with the city of Ot;densi)ury, N.\'. ; and there is also a railway ferry in con 
nection with the Uiica & Ulack Uiver, the Rome iK: Watertown, and Lake Champlain railways. 

Oranvlll* Br«W«ry, John .McCarthy c'v: Son, 
Proprietors, I'rescoit— The brewing interests of the 
Dominion consiitii'e a very important feature of out 
commtrcial ])ursuiis, A vast amount of capital is 
embarked in this enterprise, and some of our most 
prominent citizens and representative men are en- 
gaged in its pursuit. Otic of the prominent brewing 
establishments of I'lastern Ontario, the productions 
which are of the highest order of merit, and which is 
as perfectly e<piipped as any in the province, is the 
well-known tircnville lircwery, which for a number 
of years has been prominently identified with the 
beer-brewing interi sis of the country. This brewery 
was started in 1SO9, by Messrs, John McCarthy and 
James (^uinn, trading under the constitutional title 
of McC'arthy \ Co.: Mr. Quinri retiring in 1S77, this 
business has since been conducted by .Messrs. 
McCarthy tV .Son. Since its incejition, the products 
of this brewery have enjoyed a widr reputation, the 
result of which has been a steadily increasing busi- 
ness, to meet ihe demands of which the original 
buildings were found to be totally inadeciuate, and 
new premises were in 1883 erected. These are 
located on the banks of the .St. Lawrence river, from 
whence ainple water supply is obtained ; the brewery 
is a substantial brick and stone structure, four stories 
in height, with a capacity of 15,000 barrels of beer 
annually, and a malt house with a capacity of 25,000 
bushels, the whole premises covering some seven acres 
of ground. In the construction of the brewery every 
modern improvement in machinery and apjjliances 
has been introduced, and thus the facilities for the 
production of a first-class article are all that could be 
desired. The (piality of the beer is of a most 
superior nature, and is not excelled by that of 
any establishment of a similar nature ; they are 
pure, sound malt liquors, containing no impuri- 
ties or adulterations. Mr. McCarthy is a prac- 
tical brewer of many years experience, and has 
kept an even march with all the advance that has 
been made of recent years in the science of brewing, 
and to this fact must be attributed the high reputation 
all the productions of the Grenville Brewery have at- 
tained. Employment is given to a large staff of 
assis;ants, and thus this enterprise in no small degree 
contributes to the industrial thrift of this locality. 
Mr. John McCarthy, the head of the house, was born 
in Canada, of Irish parentage ; by his own indomita- 
ble energy, perseverance and business ability he has 
built up his present substantial enterprise, and well 
deserves the success that has attended his well direct- 

ed etforls. His son, Mr. I) J. McCarthy, who is a 
partner in ihe firm, attends to the financial depart- 
ment, and is a gentleman of wide experience, well 
and popul.irly known in commercial circles. The 
trade of the house extends chiefly through the Ottawa 
valley, Montreal, <^)uebec and the eastern Provinces, 
and its field of operations is steadily developing. 

■racll*y Heu»«t Mrs. J. Hradley, King Street. 
—Among the iiromincnt hotels locattd in I'rescott, 
deserving of pariicular notice as tending to develop 
the commercial interests of ihe town, by affording 
e.M'ellent accommodations to tiavelleis aid tourists, 
is the IJr.Tilley House, which is located on King 
S reet. This business wns eslalilishtd 24 years ago 
by.Mr. J. Hradley, and by him con<lii(:led until the 
time of his demi-e, v hich occurred 15 years ago, 
when his widow, Mrs. liradley, came into possession, 
Tfie house, which is 40x60 fett in dimensions and 
three stories in height, contains 25 comfortably 
furnished and well lighted and ventilated bedrooms, 
and all other modern acconiiiiodalions, a lari;e dining 
room and parlors. Employment is furnished to eight 
attentive and courteous assistants. The tuciiii con- 
tains all the delicacies of the season, as well as the 
more substantial, while the (tiisine is all that could 
be desired. The rates of the house are very reason- 
able, being only $1,00 per day. .Mrs. liradley has 
also a grocery store adjoining, where a large and 
excellent slock of groceries is carried ; also flour, 
feed, provisions, and crockery and glassware. .Mrs. 
Hradley is a native of Canada, and is a thorough- 
going and enterjjrising business woman, and has 
earned the esteem and respect of all who know 

Ryan Houta, A. Ryan, (irand Trunk Avenue.— 
Situated conveniently to the depot of the Grand 
Trunk Railway on (Jrand Trunk Avenue, is the Ryan 
House, of which Mr. A. Ryan is the popular proprie- 
tor. This house has been established nine years, and 
during that time has won a high and widespread 
reputation as being one of the most comfortable l.otels 
in town. The hotel is a neat, substantial structure, 
two stories in height, and contains 35 comfortably 
furnished, well lighted and ventilated bed chambers, 
parlors, sitting room, and billiard room with two ex- 
cellent tables. There is a neatly fitted up bar where 
the choicest brands of imported and domestic cigars 
may be found, as well as Scott Act temperance 
drinks. The menu of the house is excellent, contain- 




■>' >: 


inj; i\ll ilip (k-licaciesof thi- NensnnnH wi'll as ihe mure 
HultstantiaN, while the iiiisim is iil! ihnt the iii<»i 
fastidious cinild ilcsirc. I'',ili|il(iyni(;nt is furnished ti> 
2o coiniieteiit nnd eourleniis assistants, whi» study to 
please llie ^;llests. \lr. Kyan. the ho'-t, is a genial 
gentleman, wliol('->oided ami honorable in all his 
dealings, and those who have ever made his liouse 
their home while in town speali in the lii({hest terms 
of the accoiiiniodationx nnd the aticnlioii reecived, 
while thi rates art moderate, lieinjj oidy $1.50 per 
day. Mr. Kyan is a native of Montreal, and has re- 
sided in I'rescoi.t many years. 

Prasoett Brewing and Malting Oo., Ceo. 

T. Lidiatt, Maiiaurr, Kin^; .Street. — Amonn the more 
important of the industries jocited in I'rescotI is tlie 
well known I'rescotI lirewin^; and Mallini; (,'0., o( 
which Mr. (ieor^e T. I.abatt is Manager. Tliis busi- 
ness was eslalilished as lonjj a^o as 1S57 by a Mr. 
William I'.llis, who, afier cou'lucliiij; it for some 
time, sold out to Mr. (i. \V. .Siidth, a ^;entleman who 
had considerable experience in the brcwinj; business 
in l'',n^,dand. Thii t;entleman in turn, in 1864, sold 
to Mr. k. I'. Labatt, who may be said to have estab- 
lidied the reputation of the house for the excellenc" 
of their i)roilucts. Mr. Labatl had much experience 
in the ( )ld ( 'ountry in brewinj;, and he improved upon 
his knowledjje there gained by dilinenl piactical 
study. On account of ill health, Mr. Lrbatt t;ave.ii|) 
the maiiatjeiTieiU of the brewery, and a joint stock 
company was formed, Mr. Labatt retaining a large 
interest. Mr. (ieor^e T. Labatt is the present Secre- 
tary and Manager, and none better could be selectetl 
for the position, for he not only attenils to the busi 
ness details of the company but, being a practical 
brewer, he personally superintends the brewing, thus 
ensuring proficiency and excellence in every detail. 
The brewery is located between King Street and the 
St. Lawrence front, with a frontage of 250x05 feel, 
and froui two to four and a lia'f .stories in height, in- 
cluding brewery, malt houses, etc. The brewery is 
htted up with all the latest and most improved 
machinery and rppliances for the proper proseculion 
of the work in hand. I iderneath the main floor of 
the brewery, is .•xcavatid from the solid rock ? large 
and roomy cold cellar, in which an even temperature 
is majntained by means of ice chambers. 1 erything 
that ex|)erience could suggest or science iic.ate has 
been utilized in this brewery, and the n -.i/.t is that 
Labatl's India I'ale Ale and Stout hav' as high a 
reputation throughout the Dominion as hass' Ale and 
Guinness' Stout in England. The capacity of the 
brewery is 15,000 gallons per week. The trade of 
the Company extends throughout Ontario and 
(^)uebec, and is steadily increasing. "Good wine 
needs no bush," an<l it is therefore not necessary in 
this work to speak at any greater length upon the 
quality ot the product or the excellent business 
methods of the i'rescott Brewing and Malting Com- 
pany, v^'ho have established such a high and en- 
viable reputation throughout the country. 

Jamaa Smith, Furniture and Undertaking, 
King Street. — The bu.siness of the undertaker is a 
peculiarly delicate one, requiring a deep knowledge 
of human nature, and a sensitive feeling for others' 
alflictions, combined with tact and prudence, for its 
successful prosecution. These qualities Mr. James 
Smith seems to possess in a large degree, and he 
has already, although only being in this line of busi- 

ness over a year, gaineil a higli reputation in this re 
spect. The business he conducts as furniture dealer 
and undertaker was established 20 years ago by Mr. 
S. .M. (/roun. The premises occupieil, which arc 
located on King Street, are 24x75 (eet in dimensions 
and three stories in height, where a large and well 
selected stock of househoM and olllee furniture is 
carried, in all the laies; designs and diftVient kinds 
of wood, beautifully upholstered. The goods are 
received direct from some of the leading manufac- 
turers in the I)()niinion,-iiid buying in large luian- 
tities, .Mr. Smith is thus enabled to sell at the lowest 
|)ossil)le prices, lie gives his personal attention to 
.■•11 funeral arrangements and supplies hearses, car- 
riages and all the minor re(|uisites. .Mr. Smith is a 
Canadian by birth, nnd is an enterprising and pro- 
gressive business man '•nd a highly esteemeil citi/en ; 
he served the town in the council lor one year. 

Danlala' Hotal, King Street, L. II. Daniels, 
I'roprietor.- A town or city is very often, and doubt- 
less reasonably, judged by the hotels they maintain. 
If the hotels and accommodations are poor the tiav- 
eller g'us away with the imjiression that the town or 
ciiy is a "one horse place." The leading hotel in 
i'rescott is the "Daniels'," which is eligibly located 
on King Street in the business centre of tlie town. 
This business was established as long ago as 1S64, 
but the hotel was rebuilt in modern style since 1884, 
anil was furnished throughout with the newest designs 
in carpets, furniture, etc. The hotel is a three story 
structure, 80x80 feet in dimensions. In its appoint- 
ments the hotel has no superior in the Dominion, hav- 
ing all 'he modern inii)rovements and conveniences ; 
electric bells in every room communicate wi'h the 
office. There are 50 elegantly furnished rooms, well 
lighted and well ventilated, detached and en suite, 
and five large and tastefully fitted uj) parlors. The 
Ladies' drawing room is elegantly furn'shed, and con- 
tains a (irand piano for the use of the guests. There 
is a large billiird room furnished with Htunswirk X: 
Baick tables and a handsomely titled up bar wliere 
the choicest brands of domestic and imported cigars 
and Scott Act refreshments will always be found. 
There are a number of large and well arranged sample 
rooms for the use of commercial men. The hotel is 
located within two hundred feet of the St. Lawrence 
river, where there is excellent boating and fishing ac- 
commodations, antl a ferry line connects with Og- 
densburg, on the American shore, every 30 minutes 
The menu of the house is excellent, and contains all 
the delicacies of the sea.son, while the cuisine is un- 
exceptionable. Mr. L. H. Daniels, the proprietor, is 
a genial and painstaking host, and looks well after 
the comfort of his guests. He gives employment to 
20 courteous and attentive assistants ; he is a Can- 
adian by biith, and was a member of the Town 
Council and Board of School Trustees of Prescott. 





This is oiR' (if tin ^ii'ithi'ad. lively and iiroLTi'Hsivc i(iwn<i on tin- I'.uiks of the St. I.a»i-i)ce ainl nn the 
main line of the (ir;inil 'I'riinli Railway, .ind ilif ttriiiiiiio nf llif llrockvillc :inil Oliaw.i liranch of the 
Canadian racilli Kailway, in Kli/.alicthtown township, Leeds county, of which it is ih<- county seat. It ha* 
a population of io.ckx), and is niowinj; rapidly. Ii was >etlltd in 17<)0, and incorpiiratfd in |S(2, It 
cuntains several ni; nufacturin^ indiisliics, an<l siiip-. ^;rain, live slock and produci-, as well as ilie |<r(iduclH 
ol the lactories. The assessed valuation of real and personal property amounts to $2,5oo,oc», with a 
hcnded imlelitedni'ss of $},S,ikto. It is well lighted hyua.s, and has an excellent volunteer lire dep.'rtnient. 
The i)eo|)le are lilu'ral in their sup|)ort of rclinioii-. mailers and sustain two episcopal, two Methodist, v«!> 
rreshyterian, and Catholic, Connreyational fiiui Hapiisl churches. Kducational matters are not overlook.. !, 
thero heiii^; live puMic schools, with a itafT of excelleiil teachers There are Iwd daily papel^, which is'ue 
weekly editions, ///<■ /iwi'i and A'tuoiv't'i-. There is a line opera house seating;, and a town hall 
with a seating capacity of 600. Hrockville is situated immediately opjiusile Morrisiown, N.\'., wiih which 
there is a ret;ular communication liy ferry. 

Moors If KohOO, Merchant Taihirs, Knit; .Street. 
— At the present day the art of the merchant tailor 
has been liroujjht to a hi^jh state of perfection, 
for it is indeeil an art to make a welilitiin^; and 
stylish j;arnrent to order by measure; it rei|uirts 
great skill and mueli e\perience. I'rominent 
among those engaged in this line of industry in 
l)ic"j!:\ilie, is the lirni of .Messrs. Moore A. Kehoe, 
whose sh'ip is located on King Street. This liusi- 
ness, which was established live years .go, soon 
sprung into popular lavor, and the trade has steadily 
increased since llie date of its inception. The ])reni- 
ises occupied by the business are 28\S0 feet in di- 
mension ,, where is carried a laigi' anil line stock of 
imported ainl domestic woollens, iwee<ls and oilier 
cloths, in ihe latest anil most fashionable pat'erns, 
which the lirm make up to order \ipon the shorlest 
notice, in the highest style of the art, which for per- 
fection of ht anil beauty of style and linish are not 
surpassed by any other house in town, at the same 
time their prices nnisi meet the views of the most eco- 
nomical. 'I'hey also carry an elegant slock of gents' 
furnishings, embracing all the novelties in neckwear, 
hose, etc. The lirm give einployinent to 36 skilled 
operators and assislans in the operatieuis of iheir 
business, lloth .Messrs. Moore iV Kehoe are natives 
of Ireland, and have resided in this couniry for a 
number of years. They are gentlemen of marked 
business ability, and are highly esteemed members of 
the comniunily. 

P. K. MoMlllan, Chemist and Druggist, r g . 
Street. — The business of the chemist and druggi ' i.; ' 
one of very great importance to the community, and 
ref|uires great caie, experience and thorough know- 
ledge for its proper prosecution. Among those most - 
prominently identified with this line in Hrockville is j 
Mr. ]'. K. McMillan, whose store is located on King I 
Street. This gentleman entered the busbiess in j 
Scotland 25 years ago, and has, since commencing ! 
business in' Hrockville four years ago, built up an 
ever increasing and enviable trade, ranking now, as 
it does, among the first in the town. The premises 
occupied by the business are 25x70 feet in dimensions, 
and are very handsomely fitted up with orna- 
mental counters, plate-giass show cases and cabinets, 
displaying to the best advantage the excellent stock of | 

goods carried, which consist of pure drugs and 
cheiiucals, fancy and toilet articles, jierliimes, 
propiielary articles of acknowledged merit, as well 
as all those other articles reipiiied by ])hysicians 
in '.heir practice. .Mr. .McMillan is 1 member of 
the Ontario College of riiarmacy, and is a native of 
Scotland, lie is a gentleman well known and 
highly esieemeil by all classics of the community. 

T. MoKwaili Furniture and Unilfrtaking, King 
Street. It is a very evident fact, in looking over the 
many handsome buildings recently erected in Hrock- 
ville, thai the town has made rapid progress during 
ihe past few years, and that its merchants are 
thoroughly imbued with (he spirit of enterprise that, 
well directed, achieves success. Among those 
merchants de-erving of more than a mere [lassing 
notice is Mr. T. McKwan, furniture dealer, whose 
store is eligibly located on King Street. The premi- 
ses occupied by the business are 24x70 feet in dimen- 
sions, and contain a large and well assorted stock of 
liandsome household and office furniture which is 
richly upholstered in the highest siyle of the art, and 
are sold at prices that cannot be beaten in the 
market for a similar quality of goods Mr. McKwan 
is also a funeral undertaker, and jiays particular at- 
tention to all arrangements of this delicate nature 
placed in his care. lie carries in slock an excellent 
line of Collins, caskels, and all the minor re(|uisite.s 
necessary. In this jiarlicular branch of his business 
Mr. .McKwan has achieved a high and wide-spread 
repuiaiion for the satisfactory manner in which he 
attends to these duiies. Mr. McKwan is a native of 
Canada, and is a gentleman of extended i)usin<ss ex- 
perience, wide awake, enterprising and progressive 
in all his methods. 

OoOa W> Bishop, Merchant Tailor, etc.. King 
Street. — Among all those lines of business that exert 
a peculiar influence upon society at the present day, 
there is none to ex:eed that of the merchant tailor in 
this respect. It 's an absolute necessity 'tor business 
men to be well and fashionably dressed to be well 
received by the world at large. Among those who 
have recently started in the merchant tailoring busi- 
ness in Hrockville is Mr. George W. Bishop, whose 
store is located on King Street. This gentlemen 


TOWN OF brookvillp: 

li t 

established his business on the 8th of January last, 
and during this comparatively short time he has done 
remarkably well, and from present indications will 
have a successful future. The premises occupied are 
28x45 feet in dimensions, and contain a fine stock of 
imported and domestic woollens, tweeds, etc., in tiie 
latest and most fashionable designs, which he makes 
up to order on the shortest notice, and in 'he highest 
style of the art ; he also carries an excellent slock of 
rents' fu.nishings, and hats and caps. Mr. Bishop is 
I native of Canada, and was in business in this town 
on another occasion for one year. He is a gentle- 
man uf ;<ash and enterprise, and is highly esteemed 
by all who know him. 

Thomas Brady, Dry Goods, King Street.— 
The hou cf Mr. Thomas Brady, dry goods mer- 
chant. King Street, BrockviUe is one deserving of 
more than mere pr.ssing notice in this work, from 
the fact that ilthough it was established only in 
January of the.present year, it has already taken a 
prominent position in the trade, and makes an ex- 
cellent siiowinij in comparison with older established 
houses. The premises occupied for the business are 
large and commodious, being 2^x75 feet in dimen- 
sions, and lYz stories in height. Jlerealarge and 
judiciously selected stocl: of staple and fancy dry 
goods is carried, consisting of silks, satins, velvets, 
trimmings, laces, ribbons, muslins, linens, tablings, 
hosiery, notions, gloves, and all those other articles 
coming under the head of dry goods, usually to be 
found in a first-class dry goods establishment. Buy- 
ing closely, he is enabled to sell at the lowest market 
price, believing that a nimble sixpence is better 
than a slow shilling. Employment is furnished to 
seven competent and courteous assistants in the 
operations of the business. Mr. Brady is a native 
of Canada, and is a thoroughly progressive business 
man, and a highly esteemed citizen. 

C. Copaland, Boots and Shoes, King S'reet. — 
The old saying that " there is nothing like leather" 
is a very true one, and in no pa, ticular more so than 
when used for foot wear, and very large tiuantities 
are" for this purpose anually Among 
those holding a leading position in the boot and 
shoe trade in BrockviUe is Mr. E. Copeland, whose 
store is located on King Street. This gentleman 
established his business 18 years ago, and has ever 
i-njoyed a large and steadily increasing share of the 
public patronage. The premises occupied are 
24x60 feet in dimensions, which are neatly and 
appropriately fitted up for the requirements of the 
business. Here a vf ry large and elegant stock is car- 
ried of boots and shoes, slippers, rubbers, etc. for ladies 
and gentlemen, misses, youths and children, in all 
the leading styles, received direct from some of the 
principal minufacturing houses in the Dominion. 
A specialty is made in custom work, and those de 
siring can have boots or shoes made to measure op 
the shortest notice, and in the highest style of the 
art, while the prices charged are moderate in the 
extreme. Jimployinent is furnished to four com- 
petent assistants in the operations of the business. 
Mr. Copeland is a native of Ireland, and has resided 
in this country man/ years. He is a thorough- 
going business man and a popular citizen 

R. Savia tt Son, Dry Goods, King Street.— 
BrockviUe is a fast progressing town, and during 
the past few years has erected many handsome 
business blocks as well as residences, thus showing 

the march of improvement that is being made. 
There are many first-class stores devoted to the 
dry gooils trade, among the number being that of 
Messrs. K Davis & Sons, on King Street. This 
business, since the date of its inception, has enjoyed 
a t'ery large patronage, and taken a leading place in 
the trade. Among those therefore deserving of 
special mention is this house. The piemises 
occupied are large and commodious, being 28x85 
feel in dimensions, with half of the upper floor. A 
very large and excellent stock of staple and fancy 
dry goods, hats and caps, ready-made clothing, 
carpets, jil cloths, etc. is carried. In each of the 
departments the stocks are full and complete, and 
comprise all the leading styles and novelties, and all 
of the best quality. The prices charged by this 
house will be found as low as any in town for the 
same quality of goods, and in every case the best of 
satisfaction is guaranteed. Employment is furni.shed 
to five competent and couiteous assistants throughout 
the year. The members of the firm are natives of 
Canada, and are thoroughly representative business 
men and highly esteemed citizens. 

O. P. Vinobarg, Clothing and Gents' Furnish- 
ings, Cor. King and Buell Streets. — Within the 
past twenty years a wonderful de> elopment has 
been made in the manufacture of ready-made 
clothing, and many firms are now turning out as 
handsome styles and well-filting garments as can be 
obtained from merchant tailors, and for about two- 
thirds the price. Among those holding a leading 
phce in the clothing trade in BrockviUe is Mr. 
C. I'. Vineberg, whose store is located on King 
Street. This gentleman established his 'nisiness in 
1884, and has since that date made very marked 
progress, and achieved enviable success. The 
premises occupied by the business are 20x65 feet in 
dimensions, and contain a hirge and well selected 
s;ock of ready-made clothing, of all sizes, for men, 
youths, and boys, made up in the latest and fashion- 
able styles, and cut from the best quality of cloth, 
which he sells at the very h;west prices in the 
market. He also carries a fine stock of gents 
furnishings, in all the novelties in neckwear, hosiery, 
notions, gloves, suspenders, cuffs, collars, etc., and 
will be found an excellent stock from v.'hich to make 
a selection Mr. Vineberg is a native of Poland, 
and has resided in this country many years, where 
he is well known and highly esteemed for his many 
business and social qualities. 

Dreasor Ir Drosaar, Merchant Tailors, King 
Street. — The merchant tailor does a great deal in 
forming the world's opinion of a man, for it is an un- 
deniable fact that one is very often judged by the 
clothes he wears, especially at the present day ; so 
that to be well and fashionably dressed is an absolute 
necessity, if one would hold the good opinion of the 
world. Among those prominently identified with 
the merchant tailoring business in BrockviUe is the 
firm of Messrs. Dressf & Dresser, whose establish- 
ment is located on King Street. This business, 
although established as recently as 1881, has already 
taken a prominent plaf-e in the trade, and its custom 
is rapidly increasing. The store is neatly fitted up 
and contains a large and well selected stock of im- 
ported and domestic woollens, tweeds, etc., in the 
most fashionable and latest patterns, which the firm 
make up to order by measure in the highest style of 
the art, and at the most reasonable prices. The gar- 
ments made by them are not surpassed in the town or 



elsewhere for pei.'ection oC fit or beauty of style and 
finish. Employr.ien* is furnished to 15 skilled oper- 
ators steadily throughout the year. Mr. J. D. 
Dresser, the father, is a native of the United States, 
and Mr. C. J. Dresser, the son, is a Canadian by 
birth. Both gentlemen have a thorough under- 
standing of every detail of their business and are 
highly esteenieil members of the community. 

Ontario Olov* Works, James Hall & Co., .St. 
Lawrence. — The manr,fr.:ture of gloves is of very 
ancient oiigin, for Xenophon 400 years H. ( — 
says that among other marks of Persian efTeminacy, 
they wore gloves, and Homer writes of the lather of 
Ulysses that he had his hands protected from thorns 
by a pair of gardening gloves. Prominent 3' llie 
glove manufacturing concerns of the present day is 
the Ontario Glove Works, of Proc,:ville, of which 
Messrs. James Hall & Co.. i,e the proprietors. Mr. 
James Hall located in I'lrockville as long ago as 1831, 
and was engapp . in the tanning business for some 
years. In 065 he commenced in a small way the 
manufacture of heavy mitts and winter gloves from 
domestic leather. From this comparatively small 
beginning was built up by degrees the extensive busi- 
ness now conducted. The premises occupied by the 
works are situated on the banks of the .St. Lawrence, 
and are two and three storey buildings, and other de- 
tached buildings, tne whole covi ring about 80x200 
feet in dimensions. The works are fitted up with all 
the most improved machinery, driven by a 40 horse 
power engine, and employment is furnished to a 
large staff of skilled workers, both male and female. 
The concern manufacture all kinds of gloves and 
mitts, from the finest kid to the heaviest buck, and 

in all the leading shades. They have supplied large 
contracts for the Militia and North-West Mounted 
Police. Mr. Hall is a native of Clackmannan, Scot- 
land, and possesses all the intnnsic ([ualities of that 
race. He is thoroughly persevering and enterprising, 
and \i one of IJrockville's most estp-med and valued 

O* C. Aohloy, Merchant Tailor, Ki'ng Street.— 

The business of the merchant tailor is an important 

one at the present day. As has been said of the 

ladies, " fine feathers make fine birds," so may it 

eciually be said of the gentlemen, that for the manner 

in which they are accepti • by the world they owe a 

I great deal to their tailor — some owe them too much 

i in fact. Amcmg those most prominently identified 

■ with the merchant tailoring business in Brockville is 

j Mr. Geo. E. Ashley, whose shop is located on King 

Street. This gentleman established the business 

four years ago, and ever since the date of its inception 

it ha? steadily continued to advance, and to-day its 

development is more rapid than ever. The premises 

occupied are large and commodious, being 28x65 feet 

• n dimensions, and here will be found an excellent 

stock of foreign and domestic woollens, tweeds, etc., 

in all the latest and most fashionable designs from 

which to select, and which will be made up to order 

on the shortest notice, and in the highest style of the 

I art, at prices that cannot be beateti in lirockville or 

'elsewhere. He also carries a fine line of gents' 

j furnishings in all the latest novelties in neckwear, 

' hosiery notions, etc. Employment is furnished steadily 

io 18 skilled operators and courteous assistants. Mr. 

Ashley is r. native of Kingston, and is an upright and 

! honorable business man and a valued citizen. 







Over two hundred years ago, negotiations were entered into between Courselles and the Indians, 
who were in possession nf the country in the vicinity of what is now known as the city of Kingston. This 
was in the year 1672. The negotiations were successful, and permission was granted to erect a trading 
post and fort, where is now situated the barracks on the Kingston end of the long l)ridge, and called Foit 
Frontenac in honor of the successor of M. de Courselles, Count de Frontenac, who completed the work of 
his predecessor, and erected a stone fort of great strength, commanding the entrance to the Cataraqui 
Cn;ek and the site of the present city. Kingston is beautifully situated on the banks of the St. Lawrence 
River, where are united the waters of the Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario and Cataratjui Creek, and is immtd; 
ately at the hcail of the far-fami d Thousand Inlands. It is admirably situated for water transportation 
facilities, having the St. Lawrence to the east and Lake Ontario on the west, and these have been taken 
advantage of in building up an extensive commerce. The Rideau river and canal afford means of trans- 
portation for the immense mineral and manufactured wealth of Central Ontario, which can be distributed 
throughout the Dominion and Europe from this point. Kingston was an important point during the w , 
of 1812, munitions of war and naval stores being concentrated here. Lord Sydenham, who was the G 
ernor of the Colony in 1840, jiroposed making Kingston the capital of the Provinces of Upper and Lo'. . ■ 
Canada, but his demise immediately thereafter put a stop to ihe project. It is an important strategic point, 
and is almost impregnable from an objective point, and this safety of the position gave confidence to all 
kinds of business enterprise. Commercially it is one of the most solid cities in the Dominion, and business 
failures are rare. The shipping interests are very largely represented, and each year sees an increase in 
lOnnage and value, while the amount of grain consigned to this port for transmission to Montreal and 
European houses is extensive. Kingston is an important manufacturing centre, and special and liberal 
inducements are held out for enterprises of this kind to locate here. 

.\s a city it is well and solidly built, and with many handsome public buildings, including the City 
Hall, County Court House, Provincial Penitentiary, Rockwood Asylum, General Hospital, two cathedrals 
and many beautiful churches, Forts Henry and Frederick, and the Martello Towers. It is an important 
educational centre, the Queen's University, a gift ol the citizens, being located here, having on an average 
300 students and a staff of 15 professors; the Royal College of Physicians and Suigeons, witii 120 
students and 12 ]irofessors ; Royal Military College, with a staff of English military oflicerc 
and about 80 cadets ; Kingston Ladies' Medical College, which was endowed by the citizens ; Kingston 
Collegiate Institute, and Technical and Business College, with 2co students ; also 12 public and separate 
schools with staffs of competent teachers. Thus it will be seen that Kingston ranks high as an educational 
city. It is one of the, if not the, healthiest cities in the Dominion, and is a most pleasant place to visit or in 
which to take up a permanent residence. The city is well lighted by gas and electricity, and there is a good 
fire department, while the houses and business blocks being principally two stories in height and solidly 
built of stone, extensive conflagrations are almost unknown. 



il. R. Rattenbury, (;ents' lHiinishinj,'s, 206 
Princess Slroci Among the many indusiries in 
Kingston deserving of more tlian a mere passing no- 
tice is tlutt conducted hy Mi. J. K. Rattenbury, deal- 
er in gents' I'urnisliinn-., hats "and caps. This l)usi- 
ness, althougii only founded four years ago, has met 
with a l.-irge siiare of public patronage, and has stead- 
ily and constantly piogressed in extent and develop- 
ment. The |)remises occujiied arc 12. 40 feet in di- 
mensions, and two stories in heiglit. A line stock of 
gents' furnishings is carried, containing all the latest 
novelties in neckwear, hose, handkerchiefs, etc., and 
in hats and caps the latest styles are carried, of for- 
eign and d<imestic manufacture, at the most reason- 
able prices. On the upper floor, .Mr, Rattenbury 
conducts a laundry where eight conipeient hands are 
given employment. The work done at this laundry 
is very satisfactory, Ixnh in finish and cleanness, and 
from the fact that the fabrics are not eaten up with 
chemical.'!, such as are used in some other esiaiilish- 
ments throughout the county. Mr. Ratteidniry is 
a native of Canada, and is an able aiid energetic busi- 
ness man, who is highly esteemed by all who know j 

g'ain, etc., and keeps an excellent stock of groceries 
for family trade, the finest brands of teas and cofj'ees, 
table delicacies, pure spices, and all other articles 
usually to be found in a first-class store of this kind. 
.Mr. (libson i'. a iiighly esteemed and public-spirited 
citizen, aniF has done much good in the School Board 
and the Hoard of Aldermen, where he served fcjr ten 

W. Pipe, Dottier of Ale, Porter, Lager Beer, etc., 
259 Princess Street. -Mr. W. Pipe, whose estaldish- 
ment is 'ocaled at No. 259 I'rincess Street, Kingston, 
has become distinguished for the standard character 
of his ginger ale and Lcrated medicated and mineral 
waters, which have won their way to popularity with 
wonderful rapidity. The invigorating and refreshing 
p.)wer of his beverages make them doubly grateful as 

Opera House Fish Market, W. II. Camovsky, 
212 Princess Street. — .\mong food products th^.e 
is nothing so templing to the palate for a change as 
nice fresh fish or oysters. Among those who make a 
specialty of dealing in fresh tish, etc., in Kingston, is 
Mr. W. II. (!arnovsky, proprietor of the Op^ra 
House Fish Market, No. 2'2 I'rincess .Street. 
This business, although only established two years, 
has already become one of the business institutions of 
the city, and has increased in extent and importance 
to a marked degiee in that short lime. The premises 
occupied are 18x30 feel In dimensions, and three 
stories in height. .Mr. Carnovsky deals in all kinds of 
fresh fish, from river and lake, oysters and lobsters, 
poultry and game, foreign and domestic fruits, early 
vegetables, hermetically sealed goods, etc., a specialty 
however being made of oysters in their season. 
Nothing but the ^ ery l)est of goods are handled, ana 
the prices charged are very reasonable. Mr. 
Carnovsky is a native of Kingston, and is an enterpris- 
ing and progressive business man, and eminently 
deserves the large measure of success that has attended 
his efforts in giving to the people of Kingston such 
an excellent fish and fruit depot. 

David Olbson, (Irocer, 345 Princess S;reet.— 
Among the grocers of Kingston there are none de- 
serving of more extended notice than Mr. David 
Gibson, ivhosc establishment is located at No. 345 
Princess Street. This gentleman made his first 
"Impression" upon the public in the city of King- 
ston over half a century ago. He received a good 
common school education, antl took to journalism, 
starting at the foot of the ladder as a "devil," as the 
entered apprentices in this nolile craft are called. 
His ability soon developed itself, not in "pieing" the 
forms, but as a news gatherer and writer, having 
filled the various positions in the establishment in 
which he served his apprenticeship, of journeymai\ 
foreman, manager, and the editorial chair. After 
some years laborious toil, he had to resign on account 
of ill health, and then went into the hardware busi- 
ness, and from that became a clerk in the dry goods 
house of Messrs. J. D. Biyce & Co., where he re- 
mained six years, and then went into the grocery 
business 20 years ago, and now we find him a suc- 
cessful merchant with property. He deals in flour, 

i a pleasing, refreshing, non-intoxicant drink, exhili- 
rating and revivifying. Among the l)everages manu- 
' factured are ginger ale, birch beer, sarsaparilla, cream 
and lemon, soda water, cider, syrup, mineral waters, 
etc. He is also a b ttler of ale, [)orter, lager beer, 
etc., of the best quality, from the leading breweries in 
' the Dominion. He supplies a large demand from 
i grocers, hotels and restaurants, not only in the city, 
l)ut throughout the surrounding sections of country. 
; The premises used as a factory are 25x55 feet in 
! dimensions, and are fitted up with the latest improved 
I machinery for meeting the demands made upon it. 
' This business was established 30 years ago, and has 
steadily atlvanced in extent and im))ortance during 
the years that have iia.ssetl, and is still constantly in- 
creasing. Employment i-s furnished to six competent 
hands, and two delivery waggons are used for supply- 
ing goods to customers. Mr. Pipe is a native of Eng- 
land, and has resided in this country many years, 
where he is highly esteemed by all classes of the 

A. SWdnston, Baker and Confeciioner, corner and Barrie Streets.- -One of the most impor- 
tant industries in any civilized community is that 
which supplies the people with bread. It is the 
staple of life, and is a necessity in the household 
economy. Among those prominently identified in 
the bakery business in Kingston is Mr. A. .Swans- 
ton, whose store and bakery are located at the corner 
of Princess and Barrie Streets. This business was 
established 20 years ago, and has always enjoyed a 
large share of the public patronage, having steadily 
and constantly increased in extent and development 
year by year. The premises occupied are 20x24 f^ct 
in dimensions for the purposes of a store, being htted 
up with show cases for the display of the goods cir- 
ried, consisting of bread, cakes, confectionery, etc. 




Nothing but the very best and purest of materials are 
used, and Mr. Swansum's extended practical expe- 
rience has made him a baker without a superior in 
this city. The bakery is located in the basement, 
and is well lighted and roomy, and contains all the 
modern improvements for the prov^er prosecution of 
the work in hand. Kinployment is furnished to four 
competent hands and assis'anls throughout the year. 
Mr. Swanston is a nalive of .Scotland, and has lived 
in this country many years, where he is well known 
and highly respected. 

MIftnat ft Burns, cornci I'rincess and Bagot 
Streets, Dry Goods, Carpets, etc.— Holding a con- 
spicuous and popular place among the leading 
dry goods houses of Kingston is that of Messrs. 
Minnes ami IJurns, which, although it has been 
established only three years, has nlready reached 
a pio'i inent position among the enterprising and pro- 
gressive business houses ol the ciiy. The premises 

occupied, which are located at No. 140 Princess 
Street, corner of Bagot Street, are 25 by 80 feet in 
dimensions, with spacious basement. The stock 
here carried is very large and complete, and em- 
braces all the leading lines of dry goods, silks, 
satins, velvets, ribbons, cashmeres, muslins, cottons, 
sheetings, hosierv, trimmings, etc.. etc. There are 
also special departments for house furnishing goods, 
carpets and oil cloths, and gents' furnishings. In 
these departments will be found large and well 
selected lines of goods in all the latest styles and 
most fashionable designs from which to choose at the 
most reasonable prices. Ten competent and courteous 
assistants are engaged and take pleasure in showing 
goods. This will he found one of the most satisfac- 
tory houses with which to do business in the city, as 
the firm have a re )utation for honorable and liberal 
dealing. Both Mr. Minnes and Mr. Burns are 
natives of Canada, and are go-ahead, live, active and 
progressive business men and highly esteemed cii.i- 

R. Montfontery, Steam Dye Works, 225 
Princess Street. — The steam dye works of Mr. R. 
Montgomery, which are located at 225 Princess 
Street, are the most important of their kind in Kings- 
ton, and control a large custom. Throughout every 
department ihe works are furnished with every facility 
and appliances, steam boiler, etc. A special business 
is made of cleaning, scouring and dyeing ladies' 
dresses and gentlemen's suits without being taken 
apart ; also table linen, piano covers, rep curtains, 
cloth, cotton and woollen goods, velvets, veils, 

fringes, etc. The work is done in the most skilful 
manner, in the newest styles. Kid gloves are also 
Cleaned, and ostrich feathers and plumes are cleaned, 
dyed and curled in the best French style, so as to 
look equal to new, and all work is guaranteed to be 
satisfactory. This business was estalilished as long 
ago as 1862, and is the oldest renovating and dyeing 
establishment in Kingston, and has steadily and con- 
stantly grown in extent and importance year by year. 
The premises occupied are owned by -Mr. Montgomery, 
and he has taken gre^ii c?.re, when recently erecting a 
new dye house, to have evety department fitt'.d up 
with the latest improvements. lie claims to have the 
best patent for the renovating of crape in Canada. 
He does a large business in cleaning and finishing of 
lace curtains ; he does not stretch them on frames as 
is usually done, and which is so injurious to them, 
but has a special machine for finishing them so that 
they cannot be detected from new ; he also shows 
great taste in dyeing lace curtains all colors, vhich are 
so stylish at present ; one advantage there is in getting 
work done at this establishment is, he is a practical dyer 
himself, which isseldom the case in large cities, where 
they have to depend on strangers ; not so at this place, 
as everything must ])ass through his hands before and 
after it is finished. Mr. Montgomery, the proprietor, 
is a native of the north of Irelantl, and has resided 
here for 20 years. He is familiar with every branch 
of the business, He is conducting a large business^ 
and enjoys the esteem of all who have dealings with 

Robert Baker, Cigars and Tobaccos, 209 
Princess Street. Among the recently established 
business houses located in Kingston, deserving of 
more than a mere passing notice, is that of Mr. Robert 
Biker, dealer in cigars, tobaccos, etc. , whose store 
and billiard room is located at No. 209 Princess 
Street. This business was es'ablished on the 1st of 
April of the present year, and from the energy, per- 
severing disposition and enterprise of the proprietor, 
bids fair to meet with marked success. The premi- 
ses occupied are 21x55 feet in dimensions, the front 
part being utilized as a cigar store ; and adjoining is 
a tastefully fitted up pool and billiard room, con- 
taining three excellent tables of the latest and most 
improved -nake. Mr. Baker carries a very fine line 
of the choicest brands of foreign and domestic cigars 
and tobaccos, and a large stock of smokers' articles, 
pipes, cigars and cigarette holders, tobacco pouches, 
match boxes, and all other kinds of smokers' requis- 
ites. Mr. Baker, who is a native of England, has 
resided in this cuintry 11 years, and was in the same 
line of business for six years previous to locating in 
this city. He is a gentleman well qualified by abil- 
ity and disposition to make a success of whatever he 

J. W. Powell, Photographer, 165 Princess St.— 
Perhaps in no other mechanical art has the march of 
improvement and invention made such strides as in 
that of photography. Little more than one genera- 
tion back we were well pleased with the commonest 
tin-type, and any photographer who could then pro- 
duce anything in the shape of even a carte-de-visite, 
was considered at the head of his profession. Now 
all this has changed, and to-day the work done by the 
leading photographers in our towns and cities are 
veritable works of art. Holding a prominent posi- 
tion among those engaged in this line is Mr. J. W. 
Powell, wiiose studio is located at No. 165 Princess 
Street, Kingston. This gentleman established his 



l)usiness 25 years ago, and has steadily throughout all 
those years kept al)reast of the times in all the im- 
provements that have taken place in the art. anri >m. 
day the line of work nioduced by him is not excelled 
in this section of the Dominion. 1 le does eve y des- 
cription of photography, enlarging, copying, etc , 
India ink, crayon, water colors, etc. The premises 
occupied by the business are 20x100 feet in dimen- 
sions ; the reception room being in front and the 
operating room in rear. The reception room is very 
tastefully fitted uj) and contains numerous Ijcautiful 
specimens of the work done by Mr. Fowell, while 
the operating room is replete with all the latest and 
most improveil a]iparatus and appliances for the suc- 
cessful prosecution of the work. Employment is 
furnished to three skilled and competent assistants in 
the operations of the business. Mr. Powell is a 
native of Canada, and is a gentleman of much business 
ability, and a skilled practical photograplier of more 
than ordinary ability. 

ThOS. H. Johns, Victoria Warehouse, 270 
Princess Street.- — Prominent among those engaged 
in the grocery business in Kingston, deserving of 
special mention in this work, is Mr. Thomas H. 
Johns, whose establishment is located at No. 270 
Princess Street. This business was established by 
Mr. J. Z. Parkhill, i6yearsago, and he was succeeded 
by the present proprietor two years since, although 
the firm name was not changed until March of the 
present year. The premises occupied are 24x7^^ feet 
in dimensions, being a fine large and well appointed 
store, 'lid containing a large and judiciously selected 
stock of choice staple and fancy groceries, the 
choicest brands of teas from China and Japan, frag- 
rant coffees; from lava and Rio, table delicacies, pure 
spices, and all other articles usually to be found in a 
first-class grocery store ; also flour, feed, grain, crock- 
ery and china. Employment is furnished to seven com- 
petent and courteous assistants in the prosecution of 
the business, and two horses and waggons are re- 
quired for the delivery of goods to customers in the 
city and surroundings. Mr. Johns is a native of Eng- 
land, and is a gentleman who thoroughly understands 
every detail of the grocery business, and can guaran- 
tee his customers every satisfaction. 

A. D. SlmmondS, Bookseller and Stationer. 208 
Princess St. — Although Kingston is one of the oldest 
established cities in the Province of Ontario, [} people 
were very much surprised when Mr. A. D. Simmonds 
opened his "old and new" book store. It was a 
novelty which most of the people did not understand ; 
but that was ten years ago, and now they appreciate 
what was at that time an innovation. The business 
was founded in Brown's block on Princess Street, 
but four years ago it was burred down, and the busi- 
ness removed to the present more eligible location. 
The premises occupied are 13x50 feet in dimensions, 
and two stories in height, which are well filled with 
a large and miscellaneous assortment of new and sec- 
ond-hand books of standard worth, and some very 
rare books, which Mr. Simmonds, being in a certain 
sense a bibliomaniac, is constantly collecting. He 
also keeps a fine stock of stationery, fancy goods, 
school and blank books, etc. Mr. Simmonds is a 
native of England, and is a thoroughgoing and enter- 
prising business man, highly esteemed in the com- 
munity. He is the receiver of the A. O. U. W. in 
this city, and in token of their appreciation of his 
valuable services, they recently presented him with a 
beautiful silver tankard. 

H, NawlandS, Tobacconist, 70 Princess Street. 
— One of the most popular cigar stores in Kingston 
is that conducted by Mr. k. Ncwiands, at No. 70 
Princess Street. The premises occujiied are 12x25 
feet in dimensions, and are tastefully fitted up, 
containing plate glass show cases, etc., in which 
are displayed fine lines of the best brands of imported 
and domestic cigars, and the choiceS't lines of smok- 
ing and chewing tobaccos. Mr. Newlands is an 
excellent judge of the goods he deals in, and h-'idle.s 
nothing but the very best, so that lovers of ;. good 
cigar or tobacco can rely upon what they obtain at 
his itore. He also carries an excellent assortment of 
smokers' articles of every description — briar roots, 
meerschaum, corn cob and other pipes, cigar and 
cigarette holders, tobacco pouches, match boxes, and 
all other such articles usually to he found in a first 
class tobacconists. Mr. Newlands is a Canadian by 
birth, and is an active, energetic and enterprising 
business man, and a much esteemed citizen. Since 
he established his business two years ago, he has 
built up an excellent trade, both in the retail and 
jobbing line, which is steadily increasing. 

A. M. Brook, Watchmaker, Jeweller and En- 
graver, 90 Princess Street — Among the business es- 
talilishments of Kingston deserving of more than a 
mere passing notice, is that conducted by Mr. A. M. 
Brock, watchmaker and jeweller, whose store is lo- 
cated at No. 90 Princess Street, in one of the most 
eligible business sections of the city. The ]irenuses 
occupied, are 1 2x20 feet in dimensions, and are fitted 
up with show cases, cabinets, etc., for the display of 
the goods carried, of which there is a very nice stock 
of watches, chains, brooches, scarf pins, earrings, etc. , 
also silver plated ware for presetits and household 
use. Mr. Brock is a skilled and practical watch- 
maker, and makes a specialty of fine watch repairing 
and also engraving. The work done by him is first- 
class in every particular, and is not surpassed by any 
other watchmaker or engraver in the city. Mr. 
Brock is a Canadian by birth, and since he establish- 
ed his business in this city, three years ago, he has 
steadily and constantly built it up, and it is still 
steadily improving. Mr. Brock is a gentleman of 
excellent business qualifications, and is deserving of 
every possible success. 

J. W. Brown li Oo<, Carriage Builders, 300 to 
330 Barrie St., and 369 Princess St. — The above 
mentioned firm have gained a high and widespread 
reputation for the standard character of the work 
produced by it, and for the enterprise and energy de- 
veloped in the business. The establishment is well 
equipped with every mechanical appliance and every 
convenience requisite for the perfection of the work, 
while a staff of 15 skilled and competent workmen 
are given steady employment throughout the year. 
The work of the firm is not surpassed, and as regards 
style, elegance of finish, neatness and general superi- 
ority, will compare favorably with any first-class 
manufactories in the Dominion. The best seasoned 
wood and the finest steel and iron alone are used in 
all work, and nothing is omitted that would add to 
the strength, beauty and durability of the different 
vehichs. which include phaetons, post -carriages, 
buggies, single and double carriages, and sleighs of 
every description. The premises occupied for the 
works on Barrie Street, from Nos. 300 to 330, are a 
four story brick building, 30x60 feet in dimensions, 
with other buildings about three times that size, if 
combined. This business was established 20 years 




ago in .T comparatively small way, but by persevering 
industry and well directed eft'ort and enterprise it has 
been built up to its present exlonsive pro])ortions. 
The members of the firm are Mr. Ceorge Hrown (the 
father), an<i Messrs. j. \V. and Samuel George Brown. 
They are natives of Kingston, and are highly esteem- 
ed and jjublic spirited citizens. Mr. (Jeorge Hrown 
was a mcTuber of the Hoard of Aldermen, and .Mr. 
J. VV. Mrown, is at present a member of the School 

Aa Ca Orantf Sign and Ornamental Painter, and 
Scenic .\rlisi, Corner of Clergy and Princess Streets, 
— .Vmong the industries of any community there are 
none of any more importance to the appearance and 
comfort of a ])lace than that of the house decorator 
and sign painter. Prominently engaged in this line 
of business is Mr. A. C. (Jrant, whose shop is located 
at the corner of Princess and Clergy .Streets, Kingston. 
This business was established 20 years .igo, and has 
always enjoyed a large share of the public support, 
the tr.ade extending year by year with the develop 
nient of the city. .Mr. tlrant is a skilled and practical 
workman, aiiislic in his designs, and having an 
excellent eye for colors and their eflfects in different 
positions and for different purposes. His workman- 
ship as a sign painter may be seen on most of the 
leading stores in Kingston, while the handsome in- 
teriors of many private residences and public build- 
ir ^ive evidence of his skill as a decor.xtive painter. 
He gives employment to three skilled workmen, 
giving all work entrusted to him his personal super- 
vision. Mr. Crant is a native of Canada, and has 
resided in Kingston the greater part of his lifetime, 
where he is well known and highly esteemed by all 
classes of the community, ami where he has built up 
an enviable and lucrative business. 

Sp«no* Ir Cruinlsy, Dry Oosds, etc., 132 
and 134 Princess Street.— The city of Kingston 
contains many first-class houses devoted to the 
dry goods trade, which are worthy of cities of 
more metropolitan proportions. Holding a prom- 
inent and popular place among this number is that of 
Messrs Spence tS: Crumley, whose establishment 
is located at Nos. 132 and 134 Princess Street. This 
business was founded in 1879, and has sieadily, year 
by year, since the date of its inception, made sterling 
and rapid progress. The premises occupied arc large 
and commodious, being 28 by 85 feet in dimensions, 
and 3 stories in height, where employment is fur- 
nished to 18 competent and courteous a.ssistants. This 
house carries a very large and excellent stock of dry 
goods of every description and of the best quality, 
including dress goods, hosiery, cottons, sb.eetings, 
muslins, silks, velvets, satins, trimmings, etc. They 
also have departments for millinery and gents' fur- 
nishings, in both of which they show the 
novelties and most fashionable goods at prices that 
cannot be beaten for cheapness. Mr. Spence, the 
senior member of the firm, is a native of the Orkney 
Islands, aT.d Mr. Crumley is a Canadian by birth. 
Both gentlemen have had an extended experience in 
the dry goods trade, and are thoroughgoing, active 
and enterprising business men. 

Martin Delant Harness Maker, 219 Princess St. 
—Occupying a prominent and popular place among 
the houses of Kingston is that of Mr. Martin 
Lolan, harness manufacturer, of 219 Princess 
Street. This business is one of the oldest in its line 
in the city, having been founded 38 years ago, since 

which time it has steadily continued to increase in 
extent and importance with the jjassing years. The 
premises occupied are 22 by 85 feet in dimensions, 
the front being utilized for a sales department, where 
is contained a large and excellent stock of harness, 
saddles, whips, bridles, stable utensils and horse 
clothing, all of the most s.iperior <|uality and excel- 
lent in finish. In the rear of the premises is the 
workshop where five skilled and comjietent workmen 
are given constant employment throughout the year. 
Mr. Dolan manufactures every kind of single and 
double, light and heavy harness, and other leather 
Sjoods of a similar nature. The work done by tiiis 
house is of the most supeiior kind, both in quality 
of material and finish and style, while the prices 
charged are most reasonable. Mr. IJolan's extended 
experience in the business has given Mm a marked 
advantage over his com|)etitors, which is appreciated 
by the public, asevidenced by hislarge and constantly 
extending trade. He is a native of Ireland, anrl has 
resitled in this country since early youth, and has by 
his enterjirise, energy and ability not only built up 
an enviable business, but won the respect and esteem 
of all classes of the community. 

The China Tea Store, James Redden, 176 
Princess Street. — There is usually in all centres of 
business activity some merchants who seem to push 
ahead of all competition, and take their appropriate 
place in the front rank. Among those in the grocery 
business in Kin^iiton who may well lay claim to 
this distinction is Mr. James Redden, proprietor of 
the China Tea Store, which is located at No. 176 
Princess Street. This business was established 15 
years ago and has steadily grown in extent and pop- 
ular favor during those years, until it has now 
assumed its present extensive proportions. The 
premises occupied are 24 by 75 feet in di.iiensions 
and three stories in height, where a very large and 
well selected stock of staple and fancy groceries is 
carried ; the choicest brands of teas from C!hina and 
Japan, fragrant coffees from Java and Rio, table del- 
icacies, hermetically sealed goods, pure spices, and 
all other articles usually to be found in first class 
establishments. A specialty is made of Redden's 
Chinese Mixture, which is the best tea mixture to be 
obtained, and is not injurious to even the weakest 
stomach. It is highly recommended by all who have 
used it. Employment is furnished to seven compet- 
ent and courteous assistants, and two delivery waggons 
are used in the prosecution of the business. Mr. 
Redden has resided in this country and is a gentle- 
man highly esteemed by all who know him, and he 
has served the city for seven years in the council, 
being at present a member, and is also President of 
the ^lechanics' Institute. 

Jaokaon & Co., Bottlers, 69 Princess Street.— 
The city of Kingston is admirably situated to allow 
of its becoming one of the more important cities in 
the Dominion from a commercial point of view. It 
is sufficiently removed from botri Montreal and 
Toronto to avoid competition with those cities, while 
the larger towns and villages within a radius of 75 
miles seek their supplies here. Among the industries 
of importance located in the city is that conducted by 
Messrs. Jackson & Co., agents for the Toronto 
Brewing Company. The premises are located at No. 
69 Princess Street, and are 20x60 feet in dimensions, 
with three floors and basement, which are fitted up 
with all the necessary appliances for the business 
conducted. This business was established only three 


years ago, and has, clininjr that comparatively short 
space of lime, made very marked developinent, the 
trade of the house exten linj; from Trenton to Alex- 
andria Hay. The hrm are JHiitlers of ilie Toronto 
Brewing Co , of which Mr. Alex. Manninj,' is presi- 
dent. They put up their ales and por'.rs, which 
they supply to th"- trade throughout the territory 
mentioned. The product of the I'ompany they repre- 
sent as agents is known throughout the Dominion for 
its superior (|uality, and has a high standard for purity 
and excellence. Km|)loynient is furnished to hve 
competent assistants, and three horses and waggons 
are used in the l)usin<'ss. Mr. Jackson is a native of 
Canada, and is a gentleman of large i)usiness experi- 
ence, and is held in the highest estimation hy all 
classes of the community. 

N. K. RunlanSi (jroceiies, Provisions, Crock- 
ery, (llassware, tie., 242 Princess .Street. -Among 
the more important branches of commercial 
industry, those which deal in the necessaries of life 
must necessarily take a leading place. Next to bread 
and meat, come groceries in their life sustaining 
qualities, though not l)y any means less in their bus- 
iness im])()rtance. Among those prominently iden- 
tified with the grocery business in Kingston is Mr. 
N. E. Runians, whose store is located al No. 242 
Princess Street. This business was established 
20 years ago, and has been conducted in its present 
location during the past 10 years. The premises 
occupied are 15x50 feet in dimensions which are well 
stored with a large and carefully selected stock of 
fresh groceries, provisions, crockery, glassware, etc. 
The choicest brands of teas from China and Japan, 
fragrant coffees from Java and Rio, pure spices, her- 
metically sealed goods, table delicacies, etc. The 
business is conducted at both wholesale and retail, 
and has steadily developed since the date of its incep- 
tion. Employment is furnished to two competent 
assistants, and one horse and waggon are used in the 
delivery of goods. Mr. Runians is a native of Can- 
ada, and is a thoroughgoing, active, and enterprising 
business man. 

A. J. MeMah" '), Dry (.oods and (Cents' Fur- 
nishings, iiol'ri s Street, Kingston. The above 
enterprising house nas been established oidy since 
Novend)er of iSS(), but owing t(. its exci'ptional fa- 
cilities and the advantages wirch it is in a position 
to accord the public, it is entitled to a consideration 
not often due t.) houses of mud older establishment. 
The premises occupied are three stories in height, 
each 24x60 feet in dimensions, where a large and 
well selected stock of staple anti fancy dry goods is 
carried ; silks and velvets, muslins, cotl(jns and 
sheetings, dress goods of the latest and most fashion- 
able designs, cashmeres, cloths, and all other uriicles 
generally to be found in a lirst-class dry goods store. a very full line of gents' furni-.hing goods in all 
the latest novelties, at prices to suit the most eco- 
nomical. Employment is furnished to six compe- 
tent and courteous assistants in the o])'.'rations of the 
business. .Mr. McMahon, the pro; rietor, is a native of 
Kingston, where he has spent his lifetime. He was 
ff)r 12 yeais with the dry goods house of James 
Richmond, and so thoroughly understands everydetail 
of the business he now conducts. He is a gentle- 
man of marked business ability and is entitled to all 

J. 0> BastOW, Practical Sanitarian, 349 King 
Street. — It is (piite essential now-a-days that all 
dwellings built in large towns and cities should have 
the services of a competent sanitary plumber. As 
they cannot be disjiensed with any more than the 
carpenter or builder, it naturally results that the 
more expert in this line should do an extensive busi- 
ness. For such reasons as these Mr. J. C. Bastow, 
l)ractical sanitarian, of 349 King Street, Kingston, 
has met with the most eminent success during the 
r' e years he has been established in business. Mr. 

Bastow is a thoroughly 
skilled, practical plumb- 
er, and conducts his 
work upon scientific 
principles, thus ensur- 
ing the utmost safety 
from defective drainage. 

Shaldon It Davis, Photographers, King St.— 
Probably in no other line of business industry has so 
much progress been made as in that of photography. 
Not a year has passed during the past 20 years but 
what some decided improvement has been made in 
the ait, until, at the present day, it might be thought 
impossible to improve upon it. Holding a prominent 
place amongst the old established and reliable busi- 
ness houses in this line of business in Kingston is 
that of Messrs. Sheldon & Davis, whose studio is 
located on King St. This business was established 
a quarter of a century ago and in all improvements 
has kept steadily abreast of the times and is not sur- 
passed, if e()ualled, by anyone in the city. The 
studio is hand.somely fitted up and contains a fine line 
of specimens of the handiwork of the firm. They are 
beautiful in design and artistic in finish. The firm 
do all kinds of photography, copying, enlarging, etc. , 
while the prices charged are very reasonable, consider- 
ing the quality of the work. Employment is furnished 
to 4 skilled and competent assistants. Mr. Davis is 
a skilled, practical photographer and an energeWic 
and enterprising business man, and one who is highly 
esteemed by all who know him. 

He does c U kinds of plumbing, gas and steam fitting, 
and pays special attention to steamboat work and 
fitting up dwellings with steam and hot water. He 
also carries constantly on hand, baths, sinks, lift and 
force pumps, engineers' supplies, etc. He gives em- 
ployment to six skilled and competent workmen, and 
personally supervises all work done, thus ensuring 
entire sati.sfaction in every case, while his charges are 
very moderate. Mr. Bastow is a native of Canada, 
and is a thorough-going man of business, and a 
gentleman who is highly esteemed by all classes of 
the community for his many social and business 
qualities. , 

Jt. i^iHtt^-^^^wjUsi^bS S 





" ft 

This flourishing village is beautifully situated on the banks of the St. Lawrence river, immediately 
opposite a beautiful cluster of the Thousand Islands, and is on the banks of the (jananc.,i"e river, at its 
confluence with the St. Lawrence river. The Gananocpie affords excellent water power, and many extensive 
manufacturing establishments have been located here in consequence. It is in Leeds township, Leeds 
county, and is connected with the main line of the Grand Trunk Railway by a branch road of 24 miles. It 
was settled in 1800, and was incorporated a village in 1863. It has Methodist, Kpiscopal, I'resbyterian 
and Catholic churches, a high and two public schools, having an average attendance of 500 pupils. There 
is an excellent music hall, and two weekly newsjiapeis. The Journal Kn^ The A'ef>orle>\, embody the news 
of the world. The shipments are woollen cloths, .igricultural implements, springs, nails, carriages, 
waggons, etc. The assessed valuation of real and personal property is $665,350, and the bonded indebted- 
ness $27,500. There are excellent granite (juarries in this vicinity. There is an excellent water works 
system, a volunteer tire brigade, and telephone communication. The population ofGananocpie is about 
3,000, and of late years is increasing rapidly. The people are persevering and enterprising, 'and the 
prospects for the future are exceedingly bright. 

«l«m«S Robinson, Grocer, King Street.— The 
providing of tood supplies to the people is one of the 
most important of the business industries of any 
civilized communitv The grocery trade is possibly 
one of the most diffused of any throughout the country 
and gives employment to many in its operations. 
Among those engaged in this line of business in 
Gananoque, deservingof special mention in this work, 
is Mr. James Robinson, whose store is located on 
King Street. This business was established seven 
years ago, and has been prosecuted with considerable 
success since the date of its inception. Mr. Robinson, 
who is a Canadian by birth, is a gentleman of much 
push and energy and consideralile business ability, 
and from long experience he understands the require- 
ments of the public in his line, and is ever ready to 
meet their demands. The premises occupied are 
28x40 feet in dimensions, where will be found a good 
stock of family groce* ies and provisions, teas, coffees, 
sugars, spices, canned goods, butter, cheese, eggs 
and other produce, which he sells at the lowest 
market prices, and those who trade with him will 
find every thing very satisfactory. 

ilohn PorgUSOn, Clothing, Millinery, etc.. 
King Street. — Among the various mercantile estab- 
lishments of Gananoque, in the clothing trade, there 
are few that present such an extensive line of goods 
as Mr. John Ferguson, whose store is located on 
King Street. This business was established 16 years 
ago. and since the date of its inception it has enjoyed 
a very liberal and ever increasing patronage. The 
premises occupied consist of a double store 40x45 
feet in dimensions. The business is divided into 
diflTerent departments, the ready-made department 
being well stocked with a large assortment of goods. 
The gents' furnishings department contains a hne 
line of the Liest novelties in neckwear and hosiery, 
and in hats and caps the stock is very complete. In 
the adjoining store is conducted the millinery de- 
partment, and here will be found a very choice stock 
of millinery, embracing all the latest fashions as 
at present in vogue in Paris and London. Employ- 
ment is furnished to 10 competent milliners and 
courteous assistants in the operations of the business. 
Mr. Ferguson is a native of Canada, and will be 
found a liberal, honorable gentleman to deal with, 
and always prepared to oflFer the best inducements in 
the way of bargains to purchasers. 

S« Shoppord, Grocer, King S< reel.— Among 
the prominent, popular, and old-'' lablished houses 
in the grocery trade in (Jananotpie is that of Mr. .S. 
Sheppard, which is located on King Street. This 
business was founded over 18 yeiirs ago, and has ever 
obtnined a large share of public patronage, owing to 
the liberal dealing of the proprietor and the well- 
known fact that he sold the best quality of goods at 
the very lowest market prices. The premises occu- 
pied are 18x75 feet in dimensions, and contains a large 
and well assorted stock of family groceries and provi- 
sions, the finest brands of teas and fragrant cofTces, 
pure spices, hermetically sealed goods, and all those 
other articles usually to be found in a first -class estab- 
lishment of this character, as well as a good stock of 
crockery and glassware. Employment is furnished 
to three competent assistants in tne operations of the 
business. Mr. Sheppard is aho a real estate dealer, 
buying and selling property on commission and other- 
wise, and of this branch of business he has a thdr- 
ough knowledge. He is a native of Canaila, and is 
an ex-member of the town council and school 
boards, and was for many years village collector. He 
is a gentleman highly respected and esteemed by all 
classes of the community. 

St. Lawronoo Woollon Mills, Cook & 
Mclntyre, Gananoque. — One of the most important 
of the b'joiness industries centred in Ganuuoque is 
that of the St. Lawrence Woollen Mills, which is 
owned and conducted by Messrs. Cook A Mclntyre. 
This business was established 15 years ago, and since 
the date of its inception it has proved very successful, 
and constantly increased in extent and importance. 
The premises occupied consist of a three story stone 
structure, 80x200 feet in dimensions. It is what is 
known as a threeset mill, where employment is fur- 
nished to 40 competent hands The firm manufacture 
an excellent line of tweeds, blankets and flannels, of 
the very best quality and ptrfect workmanship, their 
goods having a high reputation in the market. The 
mill is fitted up with the latest and most improved 
machinery, driven by water power. The trade cv- 
tends from Hamilton on the west to Quebec on the 
east, and is brisk at all times, the mill having to run 
to the fullest capacity. Mr. Cook, the senior mem- 
ber of the firm, is a native of Canada, as is also Mr. 
Mclntyre. Both gentlemen are thorough-going busi- 
ness men, fully mderstanding every detail of their 



l)usiness, and knowing the demands of the trade are 
ever ready to meet its re(|uirenienl.s. Mr. Mclntyre at 
present is Reeve of the town, which oftice he tilled 
most acceptably for the past three years. 

DavM Darllngt (Groceries and Provisions, King 
.Street.— Among the old istablisheil ami popular 
business houses in the grocery trade in Gananoque is 
that of Mr. David Darling, whose store is located on 
King Street. This gentleman, who is a native of 
Canada, has had many years' experience in the line 
of business he now so successfully conducts, and 
thoroughly understanding the wants of the public 
ever anticipates their requirements. The premises 
occupied by the business arc large and well arranged 
for the trade conducted, being 22x90 feet in dimen- 
sion's, where is contained a large and well-selected 
stock of fine groceries and provisions, including ihe 
choicest brands of teas from China and Japan, fra- 
grant coffees from Java, Rio and South America ports, 
table delicacies, pure spices, hermetically sealed 
goods, and all such other articles usually to be found 
in a first-class establishment of this character, as well 
as a well-assorted line of crockery and glassware. 
Kmployment is furnished to three competent and 
courteous assistants in the operations of the bu-iness 
throughout the year. This will be found one of the 
most reliable and tatisfactory houses with which to do 
business in (janano(|ue. 

Ilobart Tayleri Dry Goods, 
King Street.— In a review of the 
business industries of Gananoque 
the dry goods trade shows to much 
advantage, and among those holding 
a prominent position in it is Mr. 
Robert Taylor, whose store is 
eligibly located on King Street. 
This business was established eight 
years ago, and since the date of its 
inception it has made very marked 
progress up till the present time, 
when it has been found necessary 
to build on anextension of 46 feet 
to the premises, which will make 
them 28x95 feet in dimensions. Here a laige and 
judiciously selected stock of staple and fancy dry 
goods of every description is carried, as well as boots 
and shoes and ready-made clothing. All goods are 
obtained from first hands, and nothing but the best 
([uality is handled, and from the policy of the house, 
selling at the lowest market prices and giving the 
best value for money received, the trade has been 
been built up steadily year by year. Mr. Taylor, the 
proprietor, is a native of Canada, and is a thoroughly 
represei .tive business man, active, energetic and 
progressive in all his methods, and knowing from 
experience the wants of the public is ever ready to 
meet their demands. He is a public-spirited citizen, 
and is a member of the School Hoard. 

occupied, which ure replete with every facility for 
conilucting the business with efficiency and despatch. 
The stock carried comprises a well selected assort- 
ment of general merchandise, including dry goo<ls, 
clothing, boots and shoes, teas, coHees, hermetically 
sealed goo<ls, and fancy and general groceries. Mr. 
Thompson has always taken a deep inteiest in every- 
thing connected with the welfare of (iana.ioque, 
having been a member of the Town Council, and is 
universally respected and esteemed in and 
social circles. He sailed for eleven seasons on the 
great lakes, first as mate and subsequently us master, 
during which time he served on the different routes 
which sailed out of Garden Island, Oswego and 
Huffalo, and retired in 1858, owing to an accident 
received while on duty, 

Oarrlag* 0«ar Manufaetery, Makers of 

Crank AxletreelhiggyGearandCarriageMakers'Tools 
of excellent (|uality and every variety, K. 1'. Colton, 
l^roprietor. i;anano(|ue is the nucleus of several im- 
portant manufactories. I'roniinent among the number 
of those lately established is the Carriage Gear manu- 
factory of Mr. K. 1'. Colton, which was founded over 
a year ago. The premises occupied are well adapted 
to the business conducted, and are fitted up with all 
the latest and most improved machinery, driven by 
water power. The factory gives employment to 12 
skilled and competent workmen in the manufacture 
of Welch's Crank Axle Gear, which was patented on 

HHgh Thempaent General Merchant, Main 
Street. — Mor^ than thirty years ago, when Gananoque 
had but scarcely emerged from her primeval solitude, 
the subject of this sketch, Mr. Hugh Thompson, 
settled here, and ever since that time has continued 
as one of the town's representative and active 
business men, and with the development of the place 
he has also seen his own business grow until its pre- 
sent extensive proportions have been reached. To 
meet the growing demands of his establishment new 
and commodious premises have been erected and 

March 6th, 1885. Hy this the carriage body is sup- 
ported by two carriage springs, one at rear and one at 
front, secured to the centre of the springs, the ends of 
which are thrown down below the axle when the load 
is carried. The spring is very elastic and gives the 
gear a very steady and easy motion ; the body hangs 
low and will turn in a 20 foot ring. These gears are 
adapted to a high buggy A axle :ind wheels, or a light 
market waggon carrying 800 or 1,000 pounds, to a 1^' 
axle carrying 3,000 to 4,000 pounds. Mr. M. H. 
Welch is the patentee and is the general agent abroad. 
The trade of the extends throughout the entire 
Dominion. Mr. Colton, the proprietor, is a native 
of the United States, and has resided in this country 
for over 50 years. He is a gentleman of extensive 
business experienre, and is held inihe highest esteem 
by all classes o'' the community. 

Ri R« ilohnatoilt Merchant T.iiloring, King 
Street. — Merchant tailoring at the present day has 
been brought to such a state of perfection that it 
should be recognized as one of the fine arts. It 
requires a great deal of skill and experience to make 
to order by measure a well- fitting garment. Among 
those prominently identified with this branch of trade 
in Gananoque is Mr. k. R. Johnston, whose estab- 
lishment is located on King Street. This business 


,» 411 J |iiv|Li 



was founded by him nine years ajjo, and liy dint ol ! 
enerj^y and cnteriirisc, well l)ncked iiy aliilily, he has 
siuxeedeil in liuiidinj; up an excellent custuni, which ' 
from prtseni indications will continue steadily to 
increase in the fuliiie. 'l"he premises occupied are ^ 
extensive, and contain an excellent nssortnienl of 1 
fori'ij;n and domestic cloths in the latest and most i 
fashionable patterns from which to select, which he j 
makes up to order hy measure on the shortest notice, I 
and which, for perfection of workmanship, heauly of 1 
style and linish o( garment, cannot he excelled in the j 
town. lie gives cmjiloyment to lo skilled and com- ' 
pctent workmen throufjhout the year in executing [ 
orders. Mr. Johnston is a native of Canada, and is a 
thoroughly practical mtrchant tailor, and a pushing 
and energetic business man, well resjjectcd by all who 
know him. 

Provineial Motal, Neil McCarney, King St. 
Among the most prominent and popular hotels in ' 
(lananofpie, is the " I'rovincial," which is located • 
on King Street, and is well and favorably known to \ 
the travelling public whose business or ])leasure calls 
them to the town. This house was established 30 
years ago, ami was conducted by Mr. (iamble for 
many years, that gentleman succeeded by the 
present ]iro|)rii-tor, Mr. Neil McCarney, twoyears ago. 
This genllemon is no novice in the hotel business, as 
the great army of commercial travellers and tourists 
can tell who havestayedat any ofthefour hotels which 
he has conducted in Hrockvillc during 'he past 20 
years. The I'lovincial Hotel is a substantial two 
story stone structure, 40x75 feet in dimensions, and 
contains 35 comfortably furnished, well lighted and 
ventilated bedrooms, siiiing-rooins, office, and all 
other modern conveniences, making the hotel one of 
the most comforiable and homelike in this section of 
the country. Em]iloynient is furnished to 14 com- 
|)etent and courteous assistants, who study to antici- 
pate the conveniences and requirements of the guest. 
The menu is not surpassed by any other house in 
town, while the cuisine is all that the most fastidious 
could desire. Mr. McCarney is a native of Canada, 
and seems by his disposition and executive ability to 
have been specially adapted for the business of hotel 
keeping, in which he has been so highly successful. 

Harrison Ir OrangCf Druggists and Btationers. 
King Street. — One of the most important of all the 
business interests of any community is that which 
deals in drugs, the handling and compounding of 
which must be done with care, or fatal results may 
result. Among those engaged in 'his line of bu.siness 
in Gananoque is the firm of Messrs. Harrison & 
Grange, whose store is located on King Street. This 
business was established by Mr. E. L. Atkinson 
three years ago, and that gentleman was succeeded 
by the present gentlemen in April last. The premi- 
ses occupied for the business : re 28x85 feet in 
dimensions, where a large slock of fresh and pure 
drugs and chemicals, fancy and toilet articles, per- 
fumery, soaps, etc., as well as those articles rec|i .ed 
by physicians in their practice, are carried. A 
specialty is made of the compounding of physicians 
prescriptions and difficult formula, for which they 
have acquired a widespread reputation. They also 
carry a fine stock of statfonery and wall papers in all 
the latest and most fashionable designs. Messrs. 
Harrison & Grange are natives of Canada, and are 
gentlemen of marked business ability, and are highly 
esteemed by all classes of the community for their 
many business and social qualities. 

Oanane^H* Oarriafa Oo., 11. v.. Walton, 

Manager, Stone Street. - In all lines of business in 
any country there will be found some particular house 
that stands ahead of all coin|)etilors in the same line. 
This is especially true of the (iananoque Carriage 
Company, which, as the name implies, is located in 
Ganano(|ue. This business was establisheil two 
years ago as a joint stock company, the previous 
proprietors taking into the managtinent proprietors 
and managers of lour of the largest carriage works in 
the United States, whose combined production 
amounts to over 45. ocx) vehicles a year. The works 
have been completely reorganized and fitted up with 
all the latest and most imjiroved machinery, employ- 
ment being furnished to 150 hands throughout the 
year. The plant consists of a number of substantial 
and handsome buildings covering two acres in extent, 
and having a tloorage area of 75,000 .s(|uare fftet. 
The Colnpany manufactures carriages, waggons and 
sleighs, and this year are getting out a belter class of 
vehicle than ever before as regards style, finer finished 
work, better trimmings, painting and other improve- 
ments, and among the new vehicles produced this 
year may be mentioned jump seat, being on Timken 
springs ; Itufl'alo road waggon, being low ; koyal 
buggy, road queen gear, with e(|uali/er both rear and 
front ; one horse light church waggon, being on run- 
about gear ; four passenger canopy lop Surrey. 
Horse-shoe cross spring on their No. 2 in ])lace of 
Brewster, making it the most stylish as well as the 
easiest riding vehicle on their list. The daily output 
of the Company averages 15 vehicles throughout the 
year. The following gentlemen constitute the board 
of management ; .Manager, 11. K. Walton, Esq. ; 
Secretary, C. \V. Taylor, Es(|. Those of the traile 
who form business relations with this house will find 
all business transacted ujion a most liberal and 
honorable basis, and the utmost salisfaction will in all 

cases be guaranteed. 

Riehardaen tr Jaokaon, Dry (]oods, King 
Street. — Holding one of the most conspicuous places 
among the leading and old established houses in the 
dry goods trade in (jananoque is that of the firm of 
Messrs. Richardson iV Jackson, whose establishment 
is located on King Street. This business was 
founded over 30 years ago, by Messrs. Jas. Turner 
& Co., of which firm .NIr. T. P. Richardson was a 
partner, and was so conducted until 15 years ago, 
when the present firm succeeded the inceptors. 
.Since the date of the inception of the business its 
course has been steadily forward, and has improved 
with each succeeding year. The premises occupied 
by the business consist of two floors, each 25x65 feet in 
dimensions, where is contained a large and well 
selected stock of staple and fancy dry goods of every 
description from the leading markets in this country, 
the United States and Europe. Silks, satins, velvets, 
ribbons, trimmings, laces, gloves, underwear, and 
the thousand and one other articles too numerous to 
mention. There is a special department for ready- 
made clothing, where will be found all sizes of suits 
for men, youths and boys, in the latest styles, from 
some of the leading manufacturers in the Dominion ; 
also a well assorted stock of crockery. The house 
make a policy of selling at the lowest po.ssible, and 
giving at all times full value for the money. Both 
gentlemen are thoroughgoing business men, and 
public spirited citizens, highly esteemed by all who 
know them. Mr. Richardson, the senior partner of 
the firm, is an Englishman by birth, and was deputy 
reeve of Gananoque from 1880 to 1883. Mr. Jackson 
isanativeof Canada, andisMajorof the4ist Battalion. 

K" '.'.-.■siJK.i^i-5U;^\*---^y^:wft"*lt!:.iJ^IC-i,^."«i.VXJ'^.',.M 

'^S':^"-^W *' '''*^'WV' i"^,*MNJ[«.^ f'FW'.JFT^ 



MeOullouir) It Robinson, Dry CmxkIs, etc, 
Kinu Street. Anionjj llic iironiirieni Ijiisincss Iihums 
of (innnnci(|UL- tluii lend to I'sialilisli ilic cinDincrcinl 
importance (il tlif vill;\j;c. is tluii of Messrs. .McCul- 
loiijjh iV l<ol)inson, tlry j^oods mcrchaiiis, whose .store 
is located on Kili^; Street, in the centre of trade. This 
liiisiness was estal)iished four years ,n;o, anil since the 
(late of its inception ii )ins made steady and increas- 
'"H pro^;ress, which is due to tiie fact that ih'' pro- 
prietors are j^entlcmen of lari;e hiisiness e.\|)erience, 
and fully understand all the details ot tiieir trade, ami, 
knowing the ac(|uiiements of the puhlic, are at all 
times ready to meet their demands. The premises 
occupied liy the hu.siness arc 22x65 feet in dimen- 
sions, and contain a line stock of (general dry goods 
in all the latest patterns of dress ^ooils, etc., from 
the leading markets in this country and P-urope; 
also an excellent line of jjents' furnishings, and 
hats and caps, with all the novelties in neck- 
wear, hosiery notions, etc. The .stock is an excel- 
lent one from which to make selection, while th'/ 
prices charged will lie found ino>-t reasonable and 
entirely satisfactory. lioih Mr. McC"ullough ami 
Mr. Kohinson are natives of Canada, and are gentle- 
men of punh, energy and enterjirise, and have the 
respect and esteem of all who know ihem. 

ill ■• Turnor, Groceries, nm! Doots and Shoes, 
King Street.- Holding a prominent place among the 
old-estahlished ouslness liouses in (ianano<|ue is that 
of Mr. J. I!. Turner, dealer in groceries and hoots 
and shoes, whose store is located on King Street. 
Thirty years ago this business was estalilislicil by .Mr. 
lames Turner, father of the present projirietor, and 
from the lime of its establishment its success has been 
most pronounced. Mr. |. H. Turner succeeded his 
father in iSj^, but the latter gentleman still has his 
othce contiguous to the store, where he tran.sacts a 
real estate business, buying and selling on his own 
account and on commission, lie owns the block in 
which his son does business, and many other blocks 
throughout the town. The premises occupied for ihe 
business are 2iSx30 feet in dimensions, and contain a 
large and well selected stock of fine family groceries, 
, and also a nice line of boots and shoes, which are 
purchased direct from first hands, and which he sells 
I at the most reasonable prices in the market. This 
house is an excellent one with which to do business, 
! and those forming trading connections with it will 
j find liberal, straightforward and honorable treat- 
I ment. lioth lather and son are gentlemen who are 
well-known and highly esteemed l)yall classes of the 

" Euroka HOUOO," \V. F. Latimer, King Street. 
—The Greek philosopher, after years of diligent 
research and pouring over the midnight oil, discovered ; 
while in his hath one day what he concluded was the 
object of hissearch. He jumjicd out of the bath ex- | 
claiming "ICurekal" I have found it. Thus those; 
in search of dry goods, carpets, etc., in (janan()(|ue, 
wlicn they visit the store of Mr. W. K. Latimer on 
King .Street, will exclaim "' Kurekal" for there lliey 
wi" find the best tiuality of goods at the most reason- 
able prices. This business was established 15 years; 
ago, and has ever proved very successful, but never , 
more .so than at the present day. The premises ; 
occupied by the business are large and commodious, 
being 30x75 feel in dimensions, which are tastefully ; 
and suitably fitted up for the requirements of the , 
trade, and contain a large stock of staple and fancy I 
dry goods, boots and shoes, carpets, oil cloths, hats 
and caps, fine furs, anti all such other articles as are 
usually to be found in a lirst-class establishment of | 
this nature. Buying in large (|uantities from first : 
hands, and obtaining the 'aigest discounts, he is 
enabled to sell to his customers upon the most satis- 
factory conditions, as who form business 
relations with him will readily prove. Mr. Latimer 
is a native of Canada, and is a public-spirited citizen, 
taking a deep interest in whatever pertains to the 
welfare ol Gananoriue. 

Sklnnor Ic Co., .Manufacturers of Saddlery 
Hardware, etc., Gananoque. One of the I'lost im 
portant, as it is also one of the oldest es.ablished 
manufacturing houses in (iananociue, is that of .Messrs. 
.Skinner I'v: Co., nianufac'urers of brass, silver and 
nickel saddlery hardware, etc. This house was 
established as long ago as 1834, in a comparatively 
small manner, but by the dint of energy, ability and 
the production of nothing but the very best (|ualily of 
gooils, it was gradually but steadily built up to its 
present iiiiporlant proportions, the trade of the house 
extending throughout the Dnminion, The premises 
occujiied for the wtjrks consist of a three story .sub- 
stantial stone structure 50150 feet in d mensiors, 
with a blacksmith shop 40x50 feet. The works arc 
(itted up with all the latest and most imprDved 
machinery specially adapteil for this line of manufac- 
ture. During th« course ot the year from 75 to lov.) 
hands are given emploympnt in the manufacture of 
haul' s of every de,-cripiion, brass saddlery hardware, 
swath-, grain cradles, snow shovels, and other articles 
of a similar nature. The goods manufactured by this 
house are well known and have a high rei)Utation in 
the trade. Mr. Skinner is a native of Canada, and 
his business is carried on under a policy at once 
liberal and just, and the work turned out is of a 
superior grade, meeting the conditions of all contracts, 
and giving tlie concern the consideration and esteem 
of all concerned. 




TliL' <iri|;in of llii'se rainuiii nnd woniiiTful Sand Uanl(<i has never Iwen xcientilicully ilccidcd. All 
tliL-ories put forth, when critically investigated, have failed to solve their pccidiarchaiacter and construction. 
They are situate in a very fertile and productive part of the count) and vegetation ({rows luxuriantly to their 
very base. Theyend)race a large extent, being about one mile in width and three ur four miles long taper- 
ing to a point towarilsthe North-Wesl. They are travelling inland from the west to the east, swallowing 
up forest and field. Along the margin o( these hanks nuiy li',- seen the forest in all stages of devastation 
some of the trunks partly under, some with only their branches free, and others with just a few feet of the 
top visible. The sand is a light saffron color, so fine that you cannot hold a handful in your hand without 
losing it between your lingers. It will not soil the finest fabric ; in fact, it has a tendency to cleanse, as it 
will not adhere. Snow is found the year round by digging a few Icet in the sand. Vegetation is to be found 
on nearly all parts of these banks. At one time a very delicious cherry, known as the "Saml Cherry," was 
founti in abundance ; but has of late years disappeared. This summer resort is located on the shore of 
Lake Ontario, at the extreme southern edge of the Sand Hanks, in a delightful grove, with nice broad lawn. 
On the right lies a beautiful sand beach, reaching away westward for a number of miles. It is conceded 
that this beach is e(|ual to Coney Island for bathing. To the left, lies a beautiful point of land, known as 
West Point, with a large maple grove, the shore being composed of clitV and cove, with here and there a 
niagniliceni table-ruck. For health and coolness, this summer resort cannot be surpassed on the continent, 
the temperature being entirely controlled by the water. As the prevailing winds are lar ard, and coming 
over so many miles of water before reaching the coast, the air is entirely acclimatei' 'emperature of 

the water, which insures a cool, healthy, pure, vigorous air to our guests. Two inland liout five miles 

in extent, furnish all the good hshing the most sanguine could desire. Iteautiful drives through roads of 
evergreens and maples, miles in extent, which no other resort in Canada con furnish. 

Llk« Shora HOM«*t McDonald (Iv' Hyatt, Sand 
Hanr.s. — One <>< the most delightful summer resotls 
in C nadais what is known as the Sand Hanks, West 
I'oint, I'rince I-'.dward county, on the east shore of 
Lake C'r.tario, about ten miles from Picton. Here 
will be found the Lake Shore House, kejn by Messrs, 
McOonald & Hyatt. The hotel is a three-story 
structure 133x40 feet in dimensions, and has verandas 
and balconies, v/hich are comfortable places on which 
to lounge on summer evenings. The hotel has accom- 
modations for 100 guests, the bedrooms being well 
lighted and ventilated and comfortably furnished, 
whde the parlors are tastefully fitted up, and the 
house contains all the modern improvements. The 
menu contains all the delicacies of the season as well 
as the more substantials, while the cuisine is all that 
the most fastidious could desire. The hotel is pleas- 
antly situated in a park of ten acres with parks sur- 
rounding. There is a summer house detached from 
the main hotel which is kept for guests. Attached 
to the main building is a large music hall used for 
dancing, etc. Hoats are kept for hire for hunting, 
fishing and pleasure parties. The hotel contains a 
fine bar neatly fitted up and containing the choicest 
brands of wines and li({uors an^l the best of imported 
and domestic cigars. The hotel was established in 
1877 and has been successfully conducted ever since 
as a summer resort, which has gained in favor with 
the general public with each succeeding year. There 
are bowling alleys, roller skating rink and all other 
sources of amusements for the pleasure of the guests 
of the hotel. The proprietors, Mr. Daniel McDonald 
and Mr. John P. Hyatt, are natives of Canada, and 
are thorough-going, active and enterprising business 

men and popular hosts, and bear a high reputation 
as hotel men with all who have ever been their guests. 

I CvsrgraanHOMS*! J. C. Conger, Sand Banks.— 
There are many beautiful summer resorts in Canada , 
j but none that will surpass the location of the Fver- 
j green House, which is on the banks of West Lake, 
j in close proximity to the shores of Lake Ontario in 
i Prince Edward county. West Lake abounds with 
|Mke, bass, muskallonge, and fish of almost every 
description, while there is also excellent duck shoot- 
ing. The hotel is a two-story structure 84x45 I'eel 
in dimensions, and is fitted up with all the modern 
conveniences, comfortably furnished bedrooms, which 
are well lighted and ventilated, large dining hall, 
tastefully furnished parlors, billiard and pool rooms, 
and a finely fitted up bar containing the choicest 
brands of wines and liquors and imported and 
domestic cigars. Tents are provided by the proprie- 
tor of the hotel for the use of those desiring to camp 
out. Excursion boats run from Kingston, Belleville, 
Trenton and othe.- p'?ces. There is a beautiful grove 
surrounding the house, and every comfort and con- 
venience is oflTered to guests, while the rates of the 
house are very low and special rates are given to those 
remaining for any lengthened period. Mr. Conger, 
the proprietor, is a native of Canada and of English 
descent, and has successfully conducted this hotel for 
over a year. It was established eleven years ago and 
was conducted by Col. Blood previous to Mr Conger's 
taking possession. It will be found a delightful place 
for pleasure parties and summer residents who desire 
the comforts and conveniences of home. 

If I . I' It K S K N T A r I V K fU S I \ K S S M K N 


W. N. Millmaiit liii|»>ritr of Cnukcry ixti'l 
htaler 111 (in>tirin, cit.. jn'i KiimlnH Siti.i. Woll 
<liicilfrl energy away, t,||», luul no U-licr pn.i.f of ii 
can Ih- fiiiiixl ilian in ihr ra>c ol Mi. \V. || Millinan. 
This H<?"'l'i"'>n 'I'tiinif.Kol lucincnn in 1.S71), win n 
liiit iwenty ihrii- ymr- n( aur, with a Ncry itniall 
copiial, ami with nmhin^ oNi- Imt Iii» own resourtf* 
to ili|Mti«l upon. lie i, now OHO ol the moKl 
pronijnen' nunliani* in WooiUtocU ; hut in entrr- 
pri»c he sianiU alone. The premise* ocruiuii arc 
lai 'c ami L-omnioilions, hfiii)? io()x3(> ftti in ilinicn 
sions ami two stories in htitjht, exclusive o( (•cllar, ihe 
hrsi Mat hfinn devottil to urocerii-s ami the sec (iml lo 
crockery. The stock carriid minht \\iihoui niin h 
cxa({Keralion lie called inuncnse, anil eonsisls ^enei 
ally of a complete line of j;roceiics of excellent i|iiality, 
a specialty licin^ nia<le of leas, coffees ami suj,mi, 
of crockery an. 1 (mil. Mr. Millinan is an extensive 
• lealer in su^ar, receiving consinmnent^ .lireci fron 
Canadian relineries by the carloail, and lie irnporl> 
<lirect from the llriti^h ami Knropean |)otterus 
heavy consignments of crockery and Kn^jlish cut tjlass, 
includint; the highest stand. ml i>f j;<)o(ls. Me is also a 
lar^;e fruit exporter to London, I,iv 
erpiiol, (d.isf^ow, and .\nlwerp, 
having shipped 4,.k)o liairels of 
apples last season. Hut Mr. Mill- 
man's enterprise is not yet at an 
end. Last fall he imported a stud 
of ('lydehdiiles ami llnjjli.'.h shires ti? 
Canatia, some of which he has al- 
ready disposed of to advantage, am' 
nuw the im|>ortation and sale ol 
horses ha-i become a reconni/ed 
branch of .Mr. Millman's business. 
The [irincipal commercial centres of 
Kurope are Nisited by him every 
year. It jjoes wiihoiii s.iyinjr that 
this gentleman carries on a larjje 
tra<le, bf>ih wholesale and retail, no 
merchant in the crockery and (;ro- 
cery lines approaching; hWn in VVocxlstock in respect to 
volume of business. Notwithstanding; -Mr, Millman's 
business and the urgent demand it makes upon his 
attention, he is able to <levote a portion of his time 
to public matters, having been elected Couiicillor nnd 
second Deputy Keeve. Mr. .Millman is a Canadian, 
ami rellects the highest honor upon his town and 

Weodburn RolUr Mills, Suitter .S: Mc(,)uibban, 
Dundas Street. --Prominent among those engaged in 
the flouring business are .Messrs. .Suitter iv .Mc- 
<^uibban, of the Woodburn Roller Mills. These 
inilLs were established some twelve years ago, having 
since gone through several hands. During the year 
i886 the present firm accjuired them, having already 
established themselves by a large and reassuring 
trade. The ground covered by the mills is some 
three-fourths of an acre, the buildings being four 
stories in height. The lull Hungarian roller process 
is in operation. The daily output is 100 barrels, the 
industry embracing three grades, known as first 
patent, second patent and low grade. The products 
arc not surpassed in the Canadian market, as the 
trade, since the inauguration of the present firm, has 
rapidly increased, being principally confined to the 
Lower Provinces, to say nothing of the large export 
trade to England. .Mr. Suitter is a Canadian and 
Mr. McQuibban is a Scotchman. Both are jiractical, 
energetic and persevering, being most reliable and 
thorough men of business. 

John PIka, Seed Warehouse, 448 Dundnn Street. 

Among ihe iiichi^trial enierpii>es associaled with 
ihedexelopmeni and natural product ionnol .1 counti\, 
theu' are none which occupy a nu>re piomineiii 
pooition in lelrttion to out general prosperity than 
that in which Mr. I'ike is actively engaged. Thi» 
gentleman for the last live years ban been conducting 
a large business as a grower, imnorier. ami ilealei in 
farm, panlen ami llower seeds, garden nipiisius, 
elc. It niu.t be patent lo all that an e>i 'ishment 

such as th.nt comlu ted by Mr, I'ike be of 

inestiniitble benedi to a country and eommunit). 
This bu'ines-. was established in iSSi by the present 
pro|piiitoi, who has a spacious ottici and store, 22\U^ 
leei 111 si/e, with a basement for storage pin poses, at 
448 I Hiiidas Slieet. 1 le has also a garden of ilirec 
acres in extent in the highest stale ol cultivation (or 
Ihe growing of small seeds of the (iin si spei imeiis of 
vcgUables .mil (lowfis, while he aKo ini| oils laige 
i|uaniities (rom Ivnglaiid and (iermaiiy, Iroin well- 
known grower.s, of guaianleed purity .nid Hue to its 
individual kind. I'hese seeils aie put ii|> in conven- 
ient packages for the trade and those desirous of 

procuring the most reliablo and fresh articles in this 
line. A |)rominent feaiure of liiis business is the 
preparation of lloral tiesigns for weddings, funerals, 
lialK, |)arties ami festive occasions. His choice 
stock ol llowets and his long experience in this line 
enable him to furnish the most el.i'uorale ilecorations 
at short notice and at the most reasonable rates. In 
the busy season this induslry gives em|)loyment to 
some six hand.s, while the aniiiial business amounts to 
$20,000. Mr. I'ike is a native of .Somersetshire, 
Lngland, and l;as resided in Woodstock for the last 
seven years. He is attentive to all branches of his 
business, ami is meeting with the success that suc'.i 
enterprise deserves. 

Thomas Osrisr, 'V-aler in Pianos and Organs, 
also jewellery. Watches and (blocks, -^f)! and .39J 
Dundas Street, Woodstock. This gentleman handles 
a full line of organs and pianos of most jiopular and 
best makers, which he is selling upon very favorable 
terms and prices. This fact accounts for the |)romi- 
nence he has attained in this line of trixde. In 
watches, clocks and jewellery he has also proved a 
shrewd buyer, and thereby laid the foundation for 
his self-evident success in these lines, upon the only 
sure basis, '' good value for your money," being hiy 
motto. Mr. Carter is an Knglishman of severa 
years residence in this country, and those having 
dealings with him pronounce him an energetic and 
enterprising man of business, being thoroughly 
reliable and upright in his relations. 

1 ».. 





Oxford Foundry and Engino Works, k. 

Whitela'.v, Victoria anil Carroll Streets. — 
Prominent amoni; the industries of Woodstock is that 
carried on ai the Oxford Foundry and Kngine Works, 
of which Mr. R. Whitelaw is the proprietor. These 
works were eslal)'ished in 1856. at lieachville, by 
Thomson & Co., and in i860 Mr. Whitelaw, the 
present proprietor, ac(|uired them, conlinuinfj the 
industry in Heachville until 1874, when the plant was 
removed to Woodstock, since which time a very 
large and flourishing trade has been built up. 
The works cover at least one acre and a half of 
ground, the buildings being substantial white brick 
structures. Motive power is supplied by an engine 

of 30 horse-power, and a staff" of 80 skillful and 
experienced meciianics is employed. The works are 
equipped with the latest and most improved machin- 
ery and tools, there being every facility incident to 
this particular industry, which embraces generally 
the manufacture of steam engines, principally com- 
mon slide valve and Buckeye automatic cut-oflf 
engines, of which a specialty is made, milling 
machinery of all kinds, boilers, iron and brass castings, 
etc. The work turned out is generally reported 
to be second to none in the Dominion, and the lead- 
ing lines have secured for Mr. Whitelaw a wide and 
enviable reputation. A very large and constantly 
increasing trade is car'ied on, which extends through- 
out the whole of Canada, $75,cxX) representing the 
average yearly turn-over. Sir. Whitelaw is a Scotch- 
man, but has spent the most of his life in this country, 
having been here since he was a boy. He is a 
thorough mechanic, possessing splendid executive 
business abilities, and is most reliable, being highly 
esteemed in the community. 

Aloxandor Watson, Manufacturer of Stoves 
and Generiil Founder, Vansittart Avenue. — The town 
of VVoodstock is justly reputed for its manufacturing 
industries, and prominent among them is the manu- 
facture of stoves, etc., as carried on by Mr. Alex- 
ander Watson. The specific industry carried on by 

this gentleman was established many 
years ago by (Jreen Bros., aft'_i wards 
carried on by Paulin & Co., Mr. Wat 
son succeeding the latter some sixteen 
years ago. The foundry covers aboiW 
an acre of ground, the buildings being 
two stories in height. The industry 
embraces the manufacture of stoves, 
principally cook and parlor stoves, and 
castings of every description. The work 
turned out is of first-class qualiiy, the 
workmen employed, twelve in all, 
being skilllul and experienced hands. 
The stoves manufactured by Mr. Wat- 
son are well known in the m.irket by 
the name of " Advance," and a large 
and reassuring trade is carried on, cov- 
ering as it does a larj^i- extent of country, 
as also does the trade carried on as a 
manufacturer of £,eneral cistings. Mr. Watson, who 
is a native of Scotland, came to this country some fifty 
years ago, and for many years prior to his coming to 
Woodstock he carried on a successful foundry trade 
in the village of Norwich, Ont., under the firm name 
of Barr & Watson. In Woodstock he has devoted 
much of his time to public affairs, having been in the 
Council, was a member of the Board of School 
Trustees for sixtCvH years, a position which he stilt 
occupies. Mr. Watson is widely known and highly 
esteemed in the community. 

d. Aa Ross, Boot and Shoe Maker, 492 Dundas 
Street. — The trade in ready-made boots and shoes is- 
a large and very important one, but those who have 
experienced the greater comfort of custom work will 
readily testify that ordered goods in every way can at 
all points discount the machine-made productions. 
Though but recently established, Mr. John A. Ross, 
has in the line of custom boots and shoes earned for 
himself a wide reputation, both for the excellence of 
his products, their uniform neatness and general 
durability. His premises are located at 492 Dundas 
Street, and comprise a store 20x20 feet in dimensions, 
where employment is given to three experienced 
assistants. Mr. Ross is a native of this country, 
having been born in Woodstock in 1861 ; he has 
acquired a wide reputation for persevererce and 
general business ability. 

A. L. Dent, (Irocer, 695 Uundas Street. — 
I Some of the most energetic and enterprising mer- 
( chants of the go-ahead town of Woodstock are identi- 
fied with the grocery trade, and prominent among 
i those engaged in it is Mr. A. L. Dent. This 
1 gentleman commenced business at his present location 
j in October, :886, having been personally associated 
with his brother-in-law, the late J. J. Mackay, for 
years. Since opening up the present place of uusi- 
' ness, Mr. Dent hp.s built up a large and flourishing 
trade, a credit alike to his energy and ability, and to 
the town. The stock consists of a complete line oi 
groceries, a specialty being made of teas, Dent's Own 
Baking Powder, coffees and spices. Ther:; is also a 
large stock of flout and feed, and fine lines of 
crockery and glassware. The entire stock is of 
superior quality, and being purchased on the most 
favorable terms, the advantages derived therefrom by 
the merchant are extended to the consumer, hence 
the large and flourishing trade carried on. Mr. Dent, 
who is a native of Oxford county, is widely known and 
highly reputed. He is an energetic and thorough 
man of business, and honorable in all his dealings. 



Robert Stark« Chemist and Drug^^ist, Lamp 
CJooils, etc., 469 Dundas Jifcet. — There is no branch 
of business more important in the wliok: list of occu- 
pations thnn that of the chemist and druggist. A 
prominent and representative csiablishment devoted 
to this branch of industry is that of Mr. Robert 
.Stari<, who for a long number of years has been before 
the public in this line, and whose house is one of the 
oldest in Woodstock. This business was originally 
established by Messrs. Mcl-aren iV Co., who were 
succeeded by the present proprietor in 1S57. His 
premises at 469 Dundas .Street comprise a spacious 
and admirably adapted store, 22x60 'eet in dimen- 
sions, where at all times is carried a complete line of 
pure drugs and cuemicals, medicines, patent mixtures, 
perfumery, toilet articles, fancy goods and the usual 
druggists' sundries. Special attention is paid to the 
compounding of physicians' prescriptions and family 
recipes, the same being put up with care, dispatch 
and accuracy. Employment is given to a staft' of 
assistants of exjierience, while Mr. .Stark ilevotes his 
whole time and atlentio.i to the reijuirements of his 
trade. He does a lar^e business both of a local and 
wholesale character, dealing largely in proprietary 
meihcipes, many of which have a large sale, such as 
his Cherry Halm, Barlees' Pills, Worm Candy, etc. 
Mr. Stark is a. thorougiiiy educated and proHcient 
druggist ; he studktd his profession with Mr. G. E. 
Cartwright of Ilamiltvxii and Mr. R. .S. Strong of 
Gait, and was also a student of materia medica, 
pharmacy, dialetics, etc., at Glasgow University, 
Scotland. He was born at Dunda^ in 1837, and is 
the eldest son of the Rev. M. V. Stw:k, A.M., of 
that place, and has resided in this town siace 1857, 
during wh'ch time he has taken a keen interest in 
the affairs of Woodstock . He has with all credit lo 
himself filled several important positions, as Secretary 
of the Mechanics' Institute, Master of Masonic 
Lodges, Churchwarden and Trea.surer of St. Paul's 
Church, and is a gentleman highly esteemed and 

E. F. SIple. Baker and Confectioner, 529 Dundas 
Street. — Among the prominent establishments en- 
gaged in the important industry of bread and fancy 
baking m this town is that conducted by Mr. E. F. 
Siple, whose store and bakery are located ?t 529 
Dundas Street. This business was originally es- 
tablished by Mr. George Hill, who, in 1886, sold 
out to the present proprietor. The store is a well 
appointed one, 22x25 feet in dimensions, with a 
bake house in the reai of similar proportiems. In 
connection there is a lunch room, and oysters in every 
style, and ice creams, are served in season. The 
bakery is equipped wiih all the requisite appliances 
in all its departments, and turns out an average ot 
2,000 loaves per week. Employment is given to three 
experienced assistants, and bread and confectionery 
are delivered to any part of the town. Though a 
comparative stranger in Woodstock, Mr. Siple has by 
the always reliable quality of his productions gained 
the confidence of a large circle of customers, and his 
trade is a steadily increasing one ; the products of 
the house compare most favorably with those of any 
similar establishment. Mr. Siple was born in 
Dereham township, in the county of Oxford, in 1864, 
and has been a resident of Woodstock since taking 
his present business a few months ago. By his own 
exertions, enterprise and ability, he has laid the 
foundation of a business, which time will materially 
develop: and though a young man, he is a thoroughly 
experienced and practical baker. 

A. Saehs, Plumber and Gas Fitter. — The im- 
portance of mechanical and sanitary p'lnbing cannot 
be over-estimated, and it has fre<iuently been ])roved 
that much of tlie sickness developed in many house- 
holds, has been du^ to deficient workmanship on the 
part of the plumber. Though but recently established 
in Woodstock, Mr, A. Sachs takes high rank as a 
plumber, steam and hot water heating and gas fitter. 
In this line Mr. Sachs ha? had a varied experience, 
having for some years been associated with Mr. |. J. 
Blackmore, 01 St. Thomas, and, as his reinitation 
had preceded him here, he has had no lack of work 
entrusted to him. This business he established in 
1866, having a well fitted store, 15x40 feet in dimen- 
sions, 'vith a basement for storage purposes. He 
does every description of plumbing, fitting up stores, 
private residences and public buildings in the most 
thorough and workmanlike manner. He makes a 
leading specialty in the mechanical line of plumbing, 
gas fitting, steam and furnace heating apparati's, and 
carries in stock a most complete assortment of fine 
gas fixtures, chandeliers and brackets. He also 
keeps all varieties of plumbers' materials and plain 
and fancy articles pertaining to this line. Mr. Sachs 
was born in Hespeler, Ont., in 1862, and came to 
Woodstock to open up his present business. He is a 
thorough practical plumber, is conversant with all 
the details of the business, and as an energetic and 
reliable man of business, has justly merited the 
success which has attended his enterprise since its 

F. Chaplin, Pork Packer and Provision Mer- 
chant, 489 Dundas Street. —One of the chief native 
industries of Canada is her traoe in i)ork packing and 
provisions, and in this especial enterprise is shown 
in Western Ontario. The products of this portion of 
the I^rovince, in this line, circulate through all 
parts of the Dominion, as well as to the markets of 
European countries. A representative iiouse en- 
gaged in this pursuit in Woodstock is that of Mr. 
F. Chaplin, who for several years has been before 
the public as a prouiinent pork packer and provision 
merchant. This business was established by himself 
in 1870, since when, by energy and enterprise, and a 
practical experience of the requirements of the trade, 
he has considerably increased the volume of his 
business. His premises at 489 Dundas Street com- 
prise a store and packing house 20x130 feet in 
dimensions, where his facilities for conducting this 
business are extensive and ample. He carries a 
heavy stock, does a large city business, and ships to 
all parts of the Provinces. His packing department 
ranks high amongst the commercial resources of 
Woodstock, where is prepared for market a cele- 
brated brand of hams, while he also [roduccs a 
superior quality of lard. Mr. Chaplin conducts in 
addition a general business in groceries, staple and 
fancy, general provisions, canned goods and the usual 
grocers sundries carried in a really first-class house. 
His annual t.ade amounts to between $30,000 and 
$40,000, while employment is f>iven to eight hands ; 
the specialty of the house being the packing of pork. 
Mr. Chaplin was born in Nottingham, England, in 
1844, and for some years served in the regular army, 
receiving his discharge in 1869. In this country he 
was formerly in business in Listowel, but has been 
a resident of this city for the last seven years. Mr. 
Chaplin is an enterprising business man, who 
thoroughly understands every branch of the industry 
in which he is engaged, and which he has developed 
to such substantial proportions. 



Thfl) MolSOns Bank, Incorporated, 1:^55; I'aid- 
iip Ca^.! -il, $2,000,000 ; Rest Fund, $800,000. 
iiead Office, Montreal ; Branch, Dundas Street, 
Woodstock. — Among the monetary institutions of 
Woodstock, the Molsons Hank merits a prominent 
place. The prosperity and financial standing of this 
liank need not be referred to |)articidarly, as its 
history is generally well known, having heen estab- 
lished since 1855. Suffice it to say that it ranks 
among the most substantial financial institutions of 
this country. With a paid-up capital of $2,000,000 
as a bank stock, it has a bull tendency, being recently 
145 bid, 150 asked on the market. The Woodstock 
branch was established some three years ago, since 
which time a progressive business has been carried 
on, which will compare most favorably with that of 
any other bank in Woodstock. The efficient man- 
ager is Mr. C. M. McCuaig, an energetic and reliable 
young gentleman., who has been connected with this 
bank for 1 period of twelve years, having been ac- 
countant in the London branch prior to his accepting 
the managership of the Woodstock branch. Mr. 
McCuaig, who is a thorough banker, painstaking 
and devoted to the interests of the Molsons Bank, is 
a son of Mr. J. S. .McC^uaig, ex-Iif.!'. for Frince 
Edward county. 

Willis BrOSi) Cigars, Tobaccos, and Billiard 
Rooms, 412 Dundas Street. — Among the enter])rising 
business houses of this town, whose operations are 
worthy of record in a work devoted to its commercial 
establi.shments, is that of Messrs. Willis Brothers, 
dealers in fine cigars, plug, smoking and chewing 
tobaccos, pipes, and all kinds of smokers' sundries. 
This business was originally established by Mr. A. 
.Smith, but was purchased by the present proprietors 
in 1885. In connection with their business in cigars 
and toliaccos, they have also the leading billiard 
rooms in town, being 22x85 '^^l '" dimensions, with 
five tables, of the popular make of Mr. Samuel May ; 
four of these are with pockets, and one for the carom 
game. As a scientific recreative and fascinating 
pastime, the game of billiards may appropriately be 
ranked as among the most popular existing at the 
present day, whether in public parlors or private 
residences. In this line the establishment of Slessrs. 
Willis is a most favorite resort, while the cigars and 
tobaccos handled by tliem are received with the 
utmost approval by tl'e best judges in ihi; town and 
surrounding country. They make a specialty of the 
" Green Seal " brand, as manufactured by A. Smith 
& Co., though they aim at all times to keep a full 
stock of the best grades constantly on hand. They do 
a large trade, wholesale as well as retail, and are 
themselves capital judges of cigars and tobaccos. 
These gentlemen, Mr. II. B. Willis and Mr. F. W. 
Willis, .'.re natives of New England, U. S., but have 
resided in Woodstock for the last .seven years, where 
they enjoy an extensive acquaintance and patronage 
within the town and surrounding neighborhood. 

MelntOSh & Orifflths, Dealers in Coal, Wood, 
etc.. Main Street. — Among those resources which go 
to make up the commercial resources of the town of 
Woodstock, the trade carried on in coal and wood 
is a most important feature, and foremost among 
those engaged in it here are Messrs. Mcintosh & 
(Griffiths. This business was established in 1873 by 
.Mr. A. J. Mcintosh, the senior member of the 
existing firm, and .some seven or eight years ago he 
associated with him Mr. (iriffiths, trading under the 
firm name o<" Mcintosh & Griffiths. The ground 

covereii by their yards is about two acres in extent, 
and daring the year thejj turn-over some 5,000 tons 
of coal and 1,000 cords of wood. The trade enjoyed 
by these gentlemen in coal and wood is necessarily 
very large, being, in fact, the largest of its kind in 
Woodstock. They are also extensive dealers in salt, 
lime, sert'er pipe, cement, etc., in which they also 
carry on a representative trade. In addition, they 
are leading building contractors here, having been 
entrusted with the crecticm of the immense brick 
structure in the town for I'aterson's Agricultural 
Implement Works, Central School, Registrar's office, 
and several chuiches in the town. .Messrs. Mcintosh 
it (iriffiths are Canadians, being energetic, entei pris- 
ing and thorough men of business. They are most 
reliable, widely knosvn and highly esteemed. Mr. 
Griffiths is a member of the City Council, and takes a 
prominent part in public affairs. 

Gould Brothers, Dealers in Baled Hay, Flour 
and Feed, 13 Imperial Bank Buildings. -Amongst 
our important industrial pursuits that of flour and 
feed 'akes deservedly high rank, dealing as it does in 
commodities of such daily necessity. This business 
is a newly established one, but yet during its short 
existence it has laid the founda- 
tion of a most satisfactory and 
substantial trade, which time will 
materially develop. The trade 
of this house was established in 
1886, by the present proprietois, 
as dealers in baled hay, best 
grades of flour, oatmeal and all 
kinds of feed. Their premises 
at No. 13 Imperial Bank Build- 
ings comprise a well appointed 
office, '6x20 feet in size, with a cellar for storage 
purposes, as well as a warehouse, 18x30 feet, at No. 
31 Finkle Street. The trade of this is both 
wholesale and retail, and employment is given to 
three hands. Much of the popularity and reputation 
gained by this house is due to the fact that Messrs. 
Gould keep none but the very best of articles 
obtainable ; their flour is of the finest grades, by the 
improved roller process. All kinds of fe°d are 
constantly on hand, while a specialty is made of 
baled hay. Mr. Hiram Gould, the senior partner, 
was born in Whitby in 1850, and has been a resident 
here for 32 years ; while his brother, Mr. William 
Gould, was born in the city in 1857. Both gentlemen 
have a thorough practical knowledge of all depart- 
ments of their business, while their promptness and 
reliability must mark them as most desirable with 
whom to establish business relations in this line. 

Danlsl Psaoook, Manufacturer of Builders' 
Supplies, corner Young and Dundas Streets. — Promi- 
nent among the industries carried on in Woodstock 
is the manufacture of builders' supplies, and promi- 
nently identified with that industry is Mr. Daniel 
Peacock. This gentleman commenced business 
some 30 years ago, having since built up a trade and, 
simultaneously with it, a reputation, so that he will 
compare most favorably with any local contemporary. 
The area of ground covered by the works and yard 
is at least one-half of an acre, and there are twelve 
men employed, being skillful and experienced work- 
men; while in tools, machinery, etc., the facilities 
are first-class. Mr. Peacock is also an extensive 
building contractor, in which he also sustains a wide 
reputation, being reliable, painstaking and thoroughly 
satisfactory, as there is ample evidence to show. 



domestic uiility and eronomy. Upi.olstcring and 
cabinet work of all kinds is prcm])tly done to order, 

Mr. Peacock is by birth an EnRlishman, l)ut he has I Royal Canadian ; and for the following ocean steam- 
spent the most of his life in this country, in which I ship companies: Cunard, White Star, Inman, An- 
his career has been one of jiroyress with honor. ' chor. National and .State. Messrs. Kni^^ht iS; Brown 

I are most energetic and thorougli men of l)usiness, and 

John Coventry, Dry (ioods ami Clothing, 446 j reli-.bie in all their transactions. 

iJundas Street. A strong and representative house | 

in this line in Woodstock i,' that of Mr. John Coven- ' C. Sharp, Furniture IV.alcr. 5e5 Dundas St.— 
try, who for several years has been carrying on fi Mve We have in this line in Woodstock an important 
business as dealer in general dry goods, ordered and house, which, though but recently eslablishtd, has 
ready-madeclotliing, hats, caps, furs, carpets, oil cloths yet laid ihe foundation of a substantial trade. Mr. 
and house furnishings. This business was established Sharji commenced business in this branch of industiy 
in 1879 by Messrs. Coventry iV Wilson, the latter of i in 1886; his premises at 505 Dundas Street comprise 
whom retired the following year, since when Mr. i a spacious store 25x75 feet in dimensions, with a 
Coventry has alone conducted this comprehensive in- ' workshop in the rear, where two experienced assist- 
dustry ; and such has been the enterprise and strong i ants are steadily employed. lie here carries a 
executive ability he has brought to !)ear on it, that this ; complete line of furniture of all kinds, comprising 
trade has materially increased in volume, showing ! parlor and beilroom suites and numerous articles of 
annual transactions in the neighborhood of $50,000, 
while he has three distinct ar.d separate stores. The 
head office at 446 Dundas Street comprises a com- 
modious building 22x85 ^^^^ '" <limension'; and three 
stories in height, where on the tlrst Hat is carried a 
lull and vnried stock of foreign and domestic dry 
goods, both fancy and staple, and which include a 
variety of articles as relate to the general wants of a 
community. The upper story is utilized for carpels 
and house furnishings, which comprises every de- 
scription of carpets from the cheajiest tapestries to 
the best Brussels and wiltons, which are sold at the 
lowest possible prices. The store at 478 Dundas 
Street is used as a clothing house, both ready-inade 
and to order. Mere a large and complete stock is 
always on hand of the most desirable goods of latest 
pattern and make, while in the manufacture of gar- \ 
menis they turn out perfect lits, while all goods are I 
guaranteed to be just as represented. None but i 
thoroughly experienced hands are kept foi this de- 
partment An east-end establishment, chiefly de- 1 
voted to dry goods, is conducted at 709 Dundas j 
Street. In these various stores none but the best of | 
of goods are kept, while Mr. Coventry spares no j 
efforts to give satisfaction to all his numerous cus- | 
tomers. This gentleman was born nithin a few | 
miles of the town. He is possessed of .1 large busi- | 
ness experience, and occupies a prominent position I 
in commercial circles. 

Knight (r Brown, Real Estate Brokers, Insur- 
ance Agents, Conveyancers, etc., Dundas Street. — 

carpets are stretched and drapery attended to. The 
specially of this house is the manufacture of the 
Patent Rocking Chair, the best in the country, and 
was patented b> Mr. Sharp ; it is a noiseless swing 

The names mcst prominently identified with this rocker, and ha., a wide circulation m this section of 
business here are those of Messrs. Knight & Brown, the country. He is a reliable tradesman and a 
Mr. R. W. Knight established this business in 1873, ■ practical worker, who is able to hll orders of any size, 
devoting himself mostly at the outset to insurance, 'rom the grandest suites to the ordinary domestic 
In 1876 he added the steamship agency. In 1884 ; furniture oi comparatively small cost. Upholstery is 
Mr. Knight associated with him Mr. 1. H. Brown, i covered in silk, plushes and other standard material, 
since which time the business has be"en carried on , although the ordinary repairing work of mattresses and 
under the firm name of Knight & Brown, and prior \ lounges, as well as general furniture, here receives 
to this date the real estate business was all but : the best attention. As a layer of carpets, which 
unknown in W^oodstock, this firm being really ' should not be trusted in the hands of any but an 
identified with its foundation here and recognition ■ expert, .Mr. Sharp is able to show a satisfactory list 
as a distinct department of business. It is almost : of customers for whom this work has been executed, 
unnecessary to add that these gentlemen conduct the 1 He is a native of Canada, having been born in this 
largest real estate business in thissection of the country, town in 1841 ; he was connected with the volunteer 
Theirjudgmenlisrelieduponaslothenatur. due force at the time of the Trent affan-. He has gained 

of real estate in these parts, being frequei ..died ! for himseH a reputation as a solid and reliable trades- 
uponasarbitrstorsand valuators of land and property. ! man, d one whose energy and enterprise must of 
With a thorough knowledge of the law aflfecting real ! necessuy materiallly develop this enterprise, 
estate, they are aho extensively engaged as con- 

veyancers, lend money on mortgages at low rates. 

Franols Wotherall, I>caler in Groceries, etc. 

manage estates, collect rents and accounts, and are i and Manufacturer of Hosv-ry, 694 Dundas Street, 
agents for the following insurance companies : | Well directed energy '. seldom wide of the mark, and 
Lancashire, Queen, Fire Insurance Association, and i when concentrated »ill never fail to accomphsh a 




desirable result. A case in point is that of Mr. 
Francis Wetherali. This gentleman commenced 
business some six years ago, engaging in ihe manu- 
facture of hosiery goods of all kinds, which have 
secured for Mr. Wetherali a wide reputation, and in 
which he carries on a large and ever increasing trade. 
In 1886 he opened a grocery store on the same 
premises, carrying a comp'ete line of groceries, pro- 
visions, canned goods, fruits, etc. The stock is of 
excellent (juality throughout, and being bought on 
the most favorable terms, special advantages are thus 
afforded to the customer, owing to the discount 
secured by a cash purchase. Kirst-class quality and 
the most reasonable (|uotalions can always be relied 
upon at Mr. Wetherall's establishment. This gentle- 
iiiftn i.; by birth an Englishman, having come to 
Canada some 34 years ago. making Woodstock his 
home, in which he has been so successful. lie is a 
thorough and most reliable man of lousiness, being 
much esteemed in the comuninity. 


Mr. (i. 1'. .Snelgrove, the head of the establishment, 
is a native of Woodstock. lie is practical and ener- 
getic, most reliable in all his dealings, and highly 
esteemed in the community. 

Wa Aa liarili Druggist, Dundas Street, opposite 
Post Office. — One of the most popular and efficient 
druggists in the town of Woodstock is Mr. W. A. 
Karn, whose llourishing establishment is located 
opposite the I'ost Office on Dundas .Street. Mr. 
Karn commenced about 10 years ago the business 
which from a small beginning has grown to such ex- 
tensive proportions. The premises occupied are 
commodious, and tastefully fitted up and stocked 
with a complete assortment of drugs, chemicals, 
pharmaceutical preparations and proprietary reme- 
dies ; also perfumery, toilet and fancy articles, and 
all those goods known as physicians' re(|uisites, as 
well as F^nglish, French and German chemitals. 
Employment is furnished to four competent assist- 
ants, and to meet the retiuirements of his steadily 
increasing business a branch has been opened at the 
east end of Dundas Street, known as the " East End 
Drug .Store." He is himself a practical expert in 
the compounding of drugs and their properties, makes 
a specialty of physicians' prescriptions and difficult 
formuhv;, and has become celebrated for the skill, 
exactitude and promptness with which he prepares 
them. Hut ilrugs do not occupy all of Mr. Karn's time 
and attention, (or, although quite a young man, he 
is one of the most prominent citizens in the town, a 
keen sportsman and a prominent officer of the Wood- 
stock ,\mateur Athletic Association, which is, with- 
out one exception, the most extensive and flourishing 
institution of its kind in the Dominion. 

Oxford Tin She«t Mill Works, G. F. .Snel- 
grove ifc Co., Dundas Street. — Among the industries 
successfully carried on in Woodstock, that of the Ox- 
ford Tin Sheet Mill Works must be included. The 
proprietors are Messrs. G. V. Snelgrove it Co. . who 
began operations in 1876, having since built up a 
large and flourishing trade. These gentlemen manu- 
facture sheet metal goods of every description, such 
as eavetroughs, cornice work, stove pipes, and tin- 
ware of every description, an industry in which they 
have achieved remarkable succes?, and in which they 
enjoy a large and constantly increasing trade. They 
employ three able assistants, and work turned out is 
always guaranteed. In addition, Messrs. G. I*". Snel- 
grove & Co. carry a large and excellent assortment 
of stoves, base-burners, ranges, of the most recent 
design, furnaces, tinware, flatware, hollow-waie, 
japanned-ware, etc., the entire stock being of excel- 
lent quality and secured on the most favorable terms, 
and a large and reassuring general trade is carried on. 

Ra Ra FHlton li COa, Staple and Fancy (Grocer- 
ies, and Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Fruits, etc., 

[ 461 Dundas Street. — The grocery trade is one of the 
most important departments of commerce all the 
world over, representing as it tloes the staple articles 
of consumption. In Woodstock it is somewhat ex- 
tensively engaged in, the establishments being of a 
generally represcntativt character. Prominent among 
those engaged in it are .Messrs. K. R. Fulton iV Co. 

, These gentlemen commenced business in 1882, 

: having succeeded Clarke & Clarke. The store is a 
large and commodious one, being loo feet deep. 
The stock consists principally of staple and fancy 
groceries, a specialty being made of teas, of foreign 

' and domej'.ic fruits, crockery, glassware, etc. An 
enormous trade is carried on in grapes alone, in 
season, being the largest of its kind in Woodstock. 
The entire slock is of first-class c|uality, and is pur- 
chased on the most favoraljle terms, the advantages 
thus afforded being extended to tiie customer. A 

, leading trade is carried on by the.;'i gentlemen, which 
is constantly increasing, averaging in the meantime 
$40,000. Mr. R. K. Fulton, the sole proprietor of 
the establishment, is by birth a .Scotchman, being a 
moit enterprising and thorough man of business, 
whose relations have consistently been of an upright 

Jamas MoDonald* Staple and Fancy Dry 
Goods, 382 Dundas Street. — The trade in general 
dry goods has long constituted one of the leading 
features in the commercial pursuits of our country, 
and in this line we have in Woodstock an old estab- 
lished and thoroughly representative house in that 
now controlled by Mr. James McDonald, who carries 
on a large business as an importer of staple and fancy 
dry goods. This establishment dates its inception 
back to the year 1836, when it was known under the 
constitutional title of Messrs. W. C. McLeod & Co. 
Mr. Mcl.eod, however, retired in 1882, since when 
this business has been nndcr the sole control of Mr. 
McDonald. The premises, located at 382 Dundas 
Street, comprise a handsome and substantial building, 
three stories in height, 22x110 feet in dimensions. 
The first flat is utilized for the purposes of a store and 
show room, while the second is devoted to the 
tailoring department. At this house a full line of 
every description of foreign and domestic dry goods, 
both staple and fancy, is always kept, and which may 
be relied upon for excellent goods and moderate 
prices. Mis facilities for replenishing his stock with 
the most desirable articles at short notice enable him 
to keep at all times full lines of the freshest and 
latest styles, ,~.nd no old stock is allowed to accumulate 
on his shelves. His annual sales, a large proportion 
of which is derived from residents in the rural 
districts, to whom his elegant and comprehensive 
establishment is a great convenience, are about 
$30,000, and steadily increasing, a sufficient proof of 
the perseverance and industry displayed in the 
management of this concern. Special attention is 
given to the tailoring department, in which seven 
experienced assistants are employed. Here an 
extensive stock of foreign and domestic cloths for 
gentlemen's garments is always carried, embracing 
a complete line of piece goods of latest styles. All 
goods are guaranteed to be as represented, with 



perfect work and neat Ills in all 
cases, Thcailniiralile laste exliibit- 
cd in the make up of his costumes 
has drawn a numerous class of pa- 
trons to his estahlishnienl, and has 
insured him a ninst prosperous husi- 
ness. Mr. McDonald was born in 
Scotland in 1842, and has heen a 
resident of Woodstock for the last 
<|uarier of a century, where he is 
regarded as an unrij^lit and enerjjetic 
man of business, and is highly es- 
teemed and respected in commer- 
cial and social circles. 

Al«iiand«r Watson, Jr., Tin 

smith and Dealer in Stoves, etc., 
Dundas Street. — Woodstock ranks 
deservedly high as a commercial 
centre, and prominent among its 
resources is the trade carried on in 
stoves, tinware, etc. Idenlilied 
with this trade deserving of notice 
is Mr. Alexander Watson, Jr. This 
gentleman has been in business for 
a period of eight years, during which 
time he has succeeded in building 
up a large and flourishing trade. 
The i^remises occupied are some- 
what commodio'js, and constant em- 
ployment is found for two skillful 
workmen. As a manufacturer of 
tinware, Mr. Watson has secured a 
wide reputation. His stock con- 
sists principally of stoves, ranges 
and base-burners, manufactured by 
the best known houses in Canada, and all the latest 
and most approved designs. There is also a large and 
comprehensive stoc!; of tinware constantly on hand, 
the store being indeed well supplied with everything 
relating to this particular- business. The trade is 
constantly increasing, a fact which speaks for itself. 
Mr. Watson, who is a native of Dundas, Ont., has 
lived in Woodstock for fifteen years. He is an 
energetic and thorough man of business, and is highly 
esteemed, being honorable in all his dealings. 

the cu.ilomer. A very large and flourishing trade is 
carried on, and Mr McBean already ranks among 
the most prosperous merchants of Woodstock. He 
is a Canadian, being a native of Cobourg. He is 
energetic and enterprising, a ihorough man of 
inisiness, and being honorable and upright in all his 
dealings, he is highly esteemed in the community. 

A. MoBsan, Dealer in Hardware, House Furnish- 
ings, Stoves, etc., 443 Dundas Street.— Prominent 
among the commercial resources of the town of 
Woodstock must be included the trade carried on in 
hardware, house furnishings, etc., and among those 
most prominently identified with it is Mr. A. McBean. 
This gentleman commenced business in March, 1886, 
having succeeded J. G. Short & Co. Notwithstand- 
ing the comparatively short period that has elapsed 
since Mr. McBean's acquisition to he business, he 
has built up a trade alike a credit to himself and to 
the town in which the enterprise is carried on. The 
premises occupied are large and commodious, being 
100 feet deep and embracing altogether four flats. 
The stock consists generally of shelf and heavy 
hardware, stoves and ranges of recent design and 
manufactured by the most highly reputed firms of the 
Dominion, and house furnishings, a specialty being 
made of the last, including as it does lamp goods, 
tableware, plateware, tinware and such like. Mr. 
McBean also engages in the manufacture of all classes 
of tinware, an industry in which he has obtained a 
deservedly high repute. The entire stock is of 
excellent quality, and being bought on the most 
favorable terms, special advantages are offered to 

J. J> Catling, I'limiber, Brass Finisher, Gas and 
Steam Finisher, 509 Dundas Street. — The plumbing 
industry has at all times been of great importance, 
and within recent years it ias been rendered more so 
by the introduction of additional branches, nami ly, 
the fitting uj) of steam and hot air furnaces, demand- 
ing as it does much mechanical skill and ingenuity. 
The plumbing industry in Woodstock is carried on 
with success, and is thoroughly representative in its 
character. Prominent among those engaged in it is 
Mr. James Catling. This gentleman commenced 
business some ten years ago, since which lime a large 
and flourishing trade has been built up, which will 
compare most favorably with that of any similar 
establishment in Woodstock. Mr. L'atling engages 
in all classes of pluminng work, brass-finishing, bell- 
hanging, gas and steam fitting, employing the services 
of competent and experienced workmen. A 
specialty is made of plumbing, gas fitting and belF 
hanging, and in these branches Mr. Catling has no 
superior. There is always to be found on hand a 
large and superior stock of lead and iron pipes, and 
everything relating to the industry carried on. Mr. 
Catling is by birth an Englishman, having come to 
Canada some fifteen years ago. He is a competent 
[ and experienced mechanic, a thorough man of busi- 
I ness, and is most favorably quoted in the community. 



K. O. Thoniaa d Co., Organ Mmuiracturers. 
— It may lie noted as significant of the importance of 
Woodstock's manufactiirini; interests, that among her 
other numerous and noted branches of industry, she 
possesses a manufactory where organs are turned out 
which will coini)are favorably with those of the most 
noted establishments in this country, and which for 
purity of ton'.', elegance of workmanship and re- 
liability cannot be excelled. The business which 

and a boiler of 60 horse power, the factory being 
supplied with nil improved machinery and modern 
appliances for the ])roseculion of this business ; 
25 machines are used for wood-work, while emjiloy- 
ment is given to some 80 hands. The establishment 
comprises five departments, each arranged with every 
convenience necessary to the prompt and speedy 
transaction of business. The organs manufactured 
are strictly in every particidar, and range 
in price from $200 to $500, the trade extending 
throughout all parts of Canada. These organs sell 
readily upon their own merits, and are highly com- 
mended by amateurs and professionals. These 
instruments aie designed for parlor and chapel use, 
and are made in numerous designs and styles, amongst 
the most popular being tiie " Gem," the " Favorite," 
the " Ruby," the "(iarnet," the "Crand Harmonic," 
which with a black walnut case, line polished panels, 
folding desk and adjustable lamp stand, is the finest 
organ case ever offered to the public. In chapel 
styles Messrs. 'I'homas & Co. manufacture instru- 
ments specially adapted for churches, Sunday schools 
or halls, and are so consiructeil that the performer 
can be seen by the audience. The tone is very sweet 
and full, they are made of the best material 
throughout, and are a triumph of musical art and 
mechanical effect. Mr. E. G, Thomas, the enter- 
prising founder of this industry, was born in Toronto, 
Oct. 2, 1853, and came here in 1875, since when he 
has taken a leading ]5osition amongst the commercial 
men of Woodstock, filling with credit to himself the 
position of deputy reeve ; he is a graduate of the 
Military School, and was for some years associated 
with the volunteer force. This establishment has 
received the credit of producing in a pre-eminent 
degree volume with purity of tone, a distinction 
bespeaking the highest possible musical qualities, 
while at the same time it has been accredited with 
havmg produced more and finer styles of cases than 
any other manufacturer in the Dominion. In 18H3 
Mr. John Cameron was adtpnitted as a member of the 

forms the subject of this sketch was started originally 
by Mr. E. G. Thomas, in a small way and on a 
limited capital, in the year 1875. Hut owing to the 
energy and enterprise brought to bear in this concern, 
combined with the at all times reliable ([ualities of 
the instruments manufactured, the reputation and 
trade of the house have so rapidly increased as 
to now place this establishment in the front ranks in 
the manufacture of organs, and to have secured for it 
an annual business of some $170,000, with every 
indication of continued increase and prosperity. 
The Thomas organ is renowned all over the Dominion ; 
its tone, which in foundation stops is a pure diapason 
quality of a pervading character, and in the solo stops 
is of a marked peculiarity, varying from the delicate 
string effect of the violin Etheria, to the full, round 
Bourdon and pipe-like melodia. The best material 
available is used in the construction of these organs, 
every part of which is made specially with a view to 
withstand every change of climate and temperature. 
The factory is a large brick and stone structure, 
50x156 feet in dimensions and four stories in height, 
having a floor accommodation of 27,000 feet, which 
is admirably arranged in all departments, with due 
regard to economy in running. The motive power 
issupplied with a Wheelock engine of 50 horse-power 

W, M. Woodf General Agent, Ontario Mutual 
Life Assurance Company, 408 Dundas .Street. — This 
well-known and popular Life Assurance Company has 
now been public for the past eighteen years, and 
from Its inception to the present day has steadily 
increased its field of usefulness and developed its- 
resources, until it is at present one of the most 
prosperous and reliable institutions of its kind in the 
Dominion. It is a purely Canadian company, with 
assets of upwards of $1,000,000.00 aid more than 
$10, 000, 000.0c of assurance in force. Ai! its business 
is transacted on a cash basis, no assessments being 
levied. Policies are issued on the "ordinary life " and 
"endowment plans," a special feature bei.ig the 
"surrender values" attached to each policy, by 
which the holder can relinquish it to the Cowpany 
i for a cash equivalent at any time. The headquarters 
I of the Company are in Waterloo, but a I.irge 
I amount of business is transacted in Woodstock 
\ at the office of Mr. W. M. Wood, Geneial Agent for 
I the counties of Oxford and Norfolk. Mr. Wood is a 
\ native of the United .States, but has been a res'.dent 
! of Canada for many years, and has travelled cxten- 
I sively all over this continent. He is a thoiough 
j expert in all insurance matters, and brings to the aid 
I of his practical experience a genial temperament and 
! courteous disposition, which have aided him materi- 
I ally in building up the large business which he 
I controls. 



^. Ot P«rks« M.O«t rhysiciin and Surfji-on, 
469 Dundas Stret.t.- In a coniprehtMisivu work of 
this kind, dealing with industrial pursuits, sciences, 
arts and professions, it is only lit and rijjht that that 
jirofcssion on which in some pt-riod or other of our 
lives- the medical |)roft_ssion wc are all more or 
less dependent, should he noticed. It is the preroga- 
tive of the physician to relieve or alleviate the ail- 
ments to which sutVering humanity Is prone, and as 
such he deserves the most grat-.ful consideration ot 
all. A jirondnent physician and surgeon, who i)y 
his own great abilities has attained disiimiion in his 
profes.sion, is Dr. \V. C. i'erks. This gentleman was 
born in fort Hope in 1S59, and studied medicine 
with Ur. I'erks and Dr. Clemenshaw, both of that 
town. He graduated at Mctiill College, M.D.C.M., 
with honors, in 1881 ; he is a li- 
centiate of the Koyal College of 
Physicians, London, Kngland ; a 
licensed practitioner on the Eng- 
lish registry; a member of ihe ]!ri- 
tish Aledical Association, and 
started practice in Woodstock in 
1885, before which lime he was 
for between four and five years in 
Dundas in partnership with Dr. 
Holford Walker, who has a very 
extensive practice in both Dundas 
and Hamilton, so that his expe- 
rience is extensive and his educa- 
tion superior. Though but acorn- ,'^:i.^i: 
paratively short time here. Dr. —J" 
Perks, by his assiduous attention to , jr:- 
all patients, hiis acquired a large ' j<«=.,;-^.- 

and steadily increasing practice, while he has gained 
the confidence of all as a clever and scientific prac- 

■•In Waggon Faotory, I'.ain hros,, 
.Street. -The industries of Woodstock are princi|iall)' 
of an important character, ably and successfully 
carried on, the proilucls being such as to have secured 
for this western town a reputation of which any 
might well be proud. i'rominent among the in- 
dustries here is the manufactute of waggons, the name 
most prominently identitied with that indi'stry being 
that of Main Bros. These gentlemen commenced 
operations some four years ago, and it is now hardly 
necessary to say anything in recommendation of their 
products, whicii have secureil for lliis lirm so wide 
and enviable a reputation. The works cover a lo'iu- 
area of ground, the buihliiigs being substantial 
structures three s'ories in height, while the factory is 
e(iuippeil with thj latest and most improved machin- 

Wa 0> BoyaSf Dealer in Books, Stationery and 
Fancy Goods, 413 Dundas Street. — It is needless to 
estimate the importance of the book and stationery 
trade, as that has long since been recognized, its 
importance being coeval with the (ievelopment of a 
country commercially, .socially and intellectually ; 
and the character of an establishment of this kind 
decides to a very large extent the intellectual status 
of the commun'fv I,, v. Mchit exists. In Woodstock 
there is certaiii.^ i.ause for congratulation, as here 
there is one of the finest book and stationery estab- 
lishments outside of Toronto ; we refer to that of 
Mr. W. G. Boyes. This gentleman commenced 
business in 1882, since which time he has built up a 
very large and flourishing trade, being, in fact, the 
largest and finest of its kind in Woodstock. The 
premises occupied are commodious, being too feet in 
depth and two stories in height. The stock, which 
is very large and the finest west of Toronto, consists 
principally of a large assortment of books, stationery 
of all kinds, wall paper — both Canadian and Ameri- 
can — pictures, such as steel plates, engravings, arto- 
type, etc. ; a full line of artists' materials and fancy 
goods o( every description. Mr. Boyes also makes 
picture frames, in which he has secured a wide 
reputation, and canvas stretching for artists, for 
which a staff of skillful hands is employed. That a 
large trade is carried on is evidenced by the fact that 
Mr, Boyes' business amounts to a very large sum. 
Mr. Boyes is an Englishman, having come to this 
country in 1880. He is a thorough and most re- 
liable man of business, and is highly esteemed in the 

ery, and every facility incident te this particular 
industry. There are about 45 hands employed, 
being skillful and experienced workmen, and it can 
be stated confidently that the work turned out is not 
surpassed by any similar concern in the Dominion. 
The industry embraces jirincipally the manufacture 
of farm waggons, but sleighs and several lines of light 
spring waggons are included. The trade carried on is 
enormous, and extends over the whole of Canada, 
increasing year by year. Messrs. Bain Bros, are 
most energetic and enterprising gentleman, possessing 
a thorough knowledge of the industry in which they 
are engaged. They are most reliable men of busi- 
ness, and are most highly esteemed in the comnninity. 

Wadland & Webbar, Land, Loan and Insur- 
ance Agents, 408 Dundas Street.— The Oxford Heal 
Estate Exchange, established last year by Messrs. 
Wadland & Webber, has for its object the sale and 
exchange of stock, grain and fruit farms, town lots 
and residences, stores, hotels, mills, factories, etc., 
throughout the county of Oxford and elsewhere. 
Messrs. Wadland * Webber have a large amount of 
money to loan, at reasonable rates of interest, and 
for any period. They also do a general insurance 
business, representing the Perth Mutual, of Stratford, 
and the Guardian, of London, England ; while they 
are also agents for the Northern Assurance Company of 
London, Eng. Thesecompaniesaresolidand reliable, 
with ample capital and asset;;, while they are prompt 
in paying all, there being no litigious or 
vexatious delay. Of the members of this firm, Mr. 
John Wadland was born in 1848 in the county of York, 
Ont., and has 1-een a resident here for the last three 
years ; Mr. Arthur Webber was born in 1852 in Oxford 
county, and has lived in Woodstock the last two years. 
Though but recently established, a considerable 
volume of business is transacted through their medium. 



J. x^'i'ixitiitJS^K'Si<. 



That which has cor.triluUed largely to theii success, lamp goods. Ik- was born in Geneva, Wis., U.S., 

has bien the thoroughly reliable and methodical in 1X58, has been in this country some 24 years, aiid 

business prim^iples which havegoverneil their dealings came to Woodstock to start his business. With Ills 

in all transactions, and established for them a popular correct business principles and el'liciency with which 

favor which strict probity alone c.nn secure, the motto this business is conducted, it cannot fail to contribute 

of the house l)eiiig " Honorable representations and largely to the convenience of a community and to its 

fair treatment to all." own established prosperity. 

J. L> Whitney, Stoves, Tinware and House 
Furnishings, I )un(las Street. The important enter- 
prise controlled by Mr. |. L. Whitney comprises so 
many articles of jiractical utility and absolute 
necessity to every home as to merit for this establish- 
ment a more than passing notice. This i)usiness was 
established by the jjresent proprietor in 1886, who 
prior to loc.nling in Woodstock had been engaged in 
this branch of commerce in both Wingham and 
•Seaforth, having remained four years in each place. 

His present premises are located on Dundas Street, 
and comprise a spacious store 16x70 feet in dimen- 
sions, with a workshop in the rear 16x30 feet, where 
employment is given to four experienced assistants. 
The stock carried is a large and diversified one, i v 
eluding stoves of all kinds of the best and me •. 
popular makes, self-feeders, base-burners, co- * ind 
wood cook stoves, a specialty being mat',c jf the 
"Art Royal" coal stove, as manufactured by the 
McClary Manufacturing Co. of London. Though 
but recently established, this hotise is a thoroughly 
representative one in its character, its stock including 
numerous articles useful and indispen-able to the 
homes of all. Mr. Whitney manufactures al' kinds 
of tinware, and also deals in cutlery, lamps and 

Weodstook Planing Mills, K. M. Scoiield, 

105 Wilson Street. — Promincnl aniong the industries 
carried on in Wood.-tock is the niaiiuf.icture of 
builders' supplies. This industry, as carried on here, 
is thoroughly re|)resentative in its character, and 
foremost among those engaged in it is Mr. F. M. 
Scoiield, whose planing mills are located at 105 
Wilson .Street. This gentleman commenced business 
some 28 years ago, having since l)uill up an immense 
trade, which is by far the largest of its kimi >i Wood- 
stock. The planing mills, saw mills and lumber 
yard cover an area of two acres, and a staff of 20 
hands is employed in the factory, which is comiiletely 
e(|uip]ied with all tools and machinery incitlent to 
liie industry, and of the most modern kind. The 
indu<> ;•" embraces the manufacture of all kinds of 
buik'ers' -upplies, of boxes for biscuit.', soap, candles, 
organs, and such like, and custom saw work. A 
large supply of lund)er is carried, bill stuff, lath and 
shingles, of which a specialty is made. Mr. Scofield 
is a Canadian, being a practical, energetic and most 
reliable inan of bu.siness. Any description of this 
establishment would be incomplete that did not con- 
tain a notice of Messrs. Henry and James .Scofield, 
the sons of the proprietor, to whose energy and 
ability much of the prosperity of the conern is due. 

C. Marnar fc Oo., Merchant Tailors and Cents' 
Furnishings, 467 Dundas Street. — .Vniong the most 
skilled and reliable merchant tailors of this city is the 
firm of Messrs. K. Merner & Co.. who though but 
comparatively recently established have gained a 
wide reputation for the superior tiuality of their goods. 
This business was established by the present firm in 
1884, and they at once commenced a substantial 
business, which has since annually increased. Their 
premises at 467 Dundas .Street comprise a spacious 
store 22x65 feet in size, an upper flat of similar 
dimensions being utilized as a workroom. They 
carry in stock a full line of piece goods of the most 
popular makes and styles, and they have no hesita- 
tion in guaranteeing the most perfect fits in garments 
in all cases. Twelve experienced hands are em- 
ployed, and no garments are allowed to leave the 
store which are not carefully inspected and entirely 
s-itisfactory to the customer, and as a consequence 
this firm has received a high popularity, not only in 
this city but throughout Western Ontario, in which 
section their trade chiefly circulates. Though num- 
bered amongst the youngest of the merchant tailors 
of Woodstock, Mr. Merner tnoroughly understands 
the business in which he is engaged, and he is one 
before whom is indicated a most successful business 
career. Hats and caps, in all recent styles, as well as 
a complete stock of gents' furnishing goods, are 
always on hand. Mr. Merner was Ixir.. in Waterloo 
county in i860, and has resided here since March, 




School and Church Furniture, King Street. — Canada 
has long sustained an enviable reputation in the 
manufacture of furniture, being second to no country 
in the world, and within recent years special lines 
have been gone into, and prosecuted with marked 
success, namely, that ol office, school and church 
furniture, and no name is more prominently identified 
with these lines than that of Stahlschmidt it Co., of 
Preston. Mr. W. Stahlschmidt commenced business 
in 1884, and his success since then has almost been 
phenomenal, and he has been obliged to erect a large 
factory, which is a substantial stone structure, three 
stories in height, and which, with wood -yard, covers 
an acre of ground. The factory is completely equip- 
ped with the latest and most improved machinery, 
the facilities being equalled by no other similar es- 
tablishment in Canada, and a large number of skillful 
and experienced hands are employed. The industry 
embraces the manufacture of school, office, church 
and lodge furniture, a specialty been made of school 
desks, of which three kinds are made, namely, the 
"Marvel," which Mr. Stahlschmidt has covered by 
patent, the " Model " and ' ' Favorite. " These desks 
are already well known, having secured for this house 
an enviable reputation. At the Colonial Exhibition, 

London, 1886, there was an exhibit of the products 
of this house, which so favorably impressed all who 
saw it, that .Messrs. \V. Stahlschmidt I'v: Co. have 
received large orders from all parts of the world, 
includintj Great Uritain, Ireland, France, Helgium, 
Germany, Australia and Morocco. The trade of this 
house extends throughout the whole of Canada, 
while the export trade is very considerable. Mr. 
Stahlschmidt, the head of this concern, and by whose 
energy and aiiility so marked a success has been 
achieved, is an accomplished and experienced 
mechanic. He is widely and most favorab) • known, 
and to him belongs the credit of having '"cn to 
Preston more than a " local habitation and h me." 
Mr. Jacob E. Klobz, the junior member of this firm, 
is a gentleman of wide experience in this line ; he 
personally superintended their exhibit at the Colonial 
Exhibition, and with two assistants attended to the 
numerous sales there made. He appointed agents 
all over Great Britain and at Hamburg to represent 
this house in connection with the manufacture of 
school desks and office furniture. Her Majesty 
Queen Victoria purchased one of the finest and largest 
desks there exhibited, known as the " Office King," 
the one on exhibition having been purchased by a 
leading Hamburg firm— C. Morgan & Co. 

><.':,. •'^ J^v«'.Jj&nV; 



North Amarlean Net«l, the Predion Summer 
kt-ort, (.'. Kress, I'roprirtor, Main Street. — There is 
ixiihin^ which can ('r)ntril)Uie more ti> the sociiil if 
not to the intiinsic importniirc of a place, than ni\ 
e\cellently ic|iiippetl hotel ami simuner resort. It 
lends to the locality a social prestij;e which could not 
otherwise he obtained. The villajje of Preston 
hoasis such n resort, namely, the now popidar and 
widely known Noilh American Hotel, whose mineral 
liatlis have afToided relief to so many who had been 
surt'eriny from ijout, nervous debility, disease of the 
stomach, etc. This hotel or summer resort is 

splendidly situated on rising ground at the head of I 
the village, and commands a magnificent view of the ' 
surrounding country. The hotel contains fifty bed- 
rooms, four parlors, and a smoking and silting room. ; 
In the house are all modern conveniences, and there 
is everything to be found in a first-class hotel. Mr. | 
Kress, the proprietor, also owns a few neat cottages 
in the vicinity, which he lets to priva'e parties during 
the summer months. They are pleasantly situated, 
affording all the charms of rustic retreats. .Behind 
the hotel is the mineral fountain, while there are also 
shady walks and a skating rink. In the front, on a 
square, a hand stand is erected, where during the 
summer evenings a band discourses sweet and 
appropriate airs. In connection with the hotel is a 
large livery and boarding stable, and Mr. Kress is 
the owner of the stage which runs daily from the 
house to Berlin, in connection with lines to St. 
Jacobs, KImira, Mawkesville, etc. Mr. Kress is 
eminently <|ualified for the position as proprietor of 
a summer resort, and is deservedly popular with all. 

medium and coarMe, in light and heavy weight*, and 
150 operatives are employed. 'I'he reiiutation of the 
goods of the I'reslon Woollen Mills is already 
established, being of 4 cpiality unsurpassed in the 
market. With the most complete tacilities, with 
practical, cxpericncetl and competent management, 
such a result is easily accounted (or. .\s might be 
expected the trade extends over the whole of the 
Dominion, and in volume it is increasing year by 
year. Mr. fJeorge f'attinson, the Manager, is emi- 
nently (jualilled for the position, and under his 
>v^'///(- the success ofthe concern is largely attribui,able. 

H. 0« Hamaehar, ('arri.ige Ituihlei, 
Fountain Street. The manufacture of car- 
riages is an industry re(|uiring much skill 
and experience, and th,; best proof of the 
possession of the essential (pialilicatiimN is 
the success with which the efforts of those 
engaged in this industry are rewarded. 
The manufacture of carriages is a most im- 
portant industry in I'reston, Mr. II. C. 
Ilamacher being its representative. This 
gentleman commenceil business in 18S3, 
having since built up a splendid trade, which 
is constantly increasing, and that is the best 
recommendation |hat can be given of the 
class of goods turned out, being really of a 
first-class character, none but skillful and 
experienced workmen being employed. 
Mr. Hamacher manufactures all kinds of 
carriages, making a specialty of light work, 
such as pleasure sleighs, Surrey wag- 
gons, Gladstone waggons, phxtons, and 
piano box buggies. The goocls are all hand-made, 
and in design, finish and general workmanship are 
unsurpassed. Mr. Ilamacher is himself a jiractical 
and experienceil carriage builder, and gives his per- 
sonal attention to his industry. He is widely known 
in Prey".on and surrounding country, and is highly 
respec' id. Mr. Wm. Nafe has the general super- 
vision of the work.'), and through his untiring energy 
and executive ability the works have obtained their 
present proportions. 

Praaton Woollan Milla, Robinson, Howell 
& Co., Preston. -Preston is deservedly noted for 
its industries, and foremost among them is that 
carried on at the Preston Woollen Mills. They are 
alike an honor to the village and a credit to the 
energy, enterprise and ability of their projectors. 
These mills were established in 1870, and passed into 
the hands of the present proprietors in 1876. The 
gentlemen at the head of this concern are Messrs. 
Daniel Howell, John Ferguson, and George Pattin- 
son, who is also manager. The building constitutes 
a substantial stone structure, three stories in height, 
and covering a large area of ground. There are 
2,500 spindles in operation, and 45 looms, and the 
annual output in tweeds is 450,000 yards. The in- 
dustry .ibraces the manufacture of tweeds, fine 

A. 0« Doarnar, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, 
etc., King .Street. — The trade carried on in general 
merchandise is of very great importance, and 
constitutes a leading factor in the commercial fabric 
of the smaller towns and villages. It is a line 
of business requiring special (|ualifications of a high 
order, and only those possessed of these succeed in 
this somewhat precarious undertaking. Prominent 
among those engaged in this line in Preston is Mr. 
A. C. Doerner. The specific business carried on by 
this gentleman was established some twenty years ago 
by A. Doerner, the present proprietor succeeding in 
1880. Mr. Doerner carries a complete line of gro- 
ceries of excellent (|uality ; and in this connection it 
may be mentioned that Mr. Doerner is agent for 
Preston for the Li-quor Tea Co. of London, England. 
An excellent assortment of dry goods is carried, a 
specialty being made of gents' furnishings. A 
specialty is also madf; of fine lines of crockery, a 
large and excellent stock of which is constantly on 
hand. Mr. Doerner enjoys a large and constantly 
increasing trade, his whole stock being always of 
excellent quality, and bought on the most favorable 
terms, special advantages are thus afforded to the 
customer. Mr. Doerner is an energetic and thorough 
man of business, his relations being of an honorable 
and upright character. 



H. ■•Okt Merchant Tailor, King Street. AmonK latter one ^lory. The woikn an- ciiuiiiiu 
the industries carrit-il on in I'rcston, liu' nianiifinturc , latest and \iut*{ np|iri>vri| mac hiner) , and 
ol'gintH' clothing is a most iniportani onf, and whi'ii eniplojrd arc skillful and ix|ifriLncfd 
carried on as in the pit-scni instance, in accortlance The inilusirs uniliraics princ ipall) Unman 
with the pn vailing styles, the importiiiict is surely hoi air furnaces, stoves and r.»ni;cs, noods 
all the greater, alike a credit In the village that sus- 1 
tains such an industry, and to llie genllenian engaged i 
in it. Mr. Heck is the rtfogiii/eii fashior.alile laiUir I 
of I'reston. 'I'his genlleinan comniencid liusiiicss in j 
l88j, having since huilt up a splendid Iri'd';, which I 
is constantly increasing. In clollis Mr. Itick makes, 
a specialty of ( 'anadian and Scotch tweeds, ami keeps 
always in stock an excellent assorlnieni of worsted ' 
twjeds. The work turned out l)y this gentleman has 
secured for him a first-class reputation, and purchas- ' 
ing hi.s cloths on the mosi fashionable terms, he is , 
enabled to sujiply his goods at the most reasonable i 
f|uotations. Mr. Heck is an experienced and skillful 
tailor, honorable and upright in all his dealings, and ' 
in ileserving of the large and constantly increasing ; 
patronage of which he is in the enjoyment. ^ 

d with ih<- 
the hands 
u fact II re of 
which are 

Olar* Bros, ft OO., Manufacturers of lloi Air 
Furnaces, Stoves, Ranges, etc.. King .Street. The 
i')wn of I'reston stands deservedly high as a manu- 

facturing centre, and prominent among it.s industries 
is the manufacture of hot air furnaces, stoves, ranges, 
ect., as carried on by Messrs. Clare Bros. & Co. This 
industry was established in 1853 by Mr. John Clare, 
the father of the present proprietors, who succeeded 
to the business in 1881 in connection with Mr. H. C. 
Hilborn, during which year the founder retired. The 
works cover a large area of ground, the main build- 
ings, which arc substantial stone structures, being 
100x45 feet and 223x40 feet indimensions, respectively, 
the former of which is three stories in height, and the 

well known in the market by the name of " Perfect,"' 
the trade name of this firm. It is not necessary to 
enter into the peculiar inerils of these g(jods, as their 
reputation lias long since been estahlishetl, anel llieir 
leading features are conseipienlly well known. Suttice 
it to say that they are unexcelled in the Canadian 
market ; and during this year, with incieaseil facilities, 
their goods, if possible, will be better than ever 
before. The large and constantly increasing trade 
enjoyed by this firm is substantially over the whole of 
the DDiiiinion, although the principal market is in 
Ontario. Messrs. (^lare Hros. I'v: (^^o. are gentlemen 
of energy and enterprise, thoroughly conversant with 
every detail (jf the industry over which they exercise 
immediate control, and as men of business they 
deservedly enjoy a high reputation. 

W. D. H«pburn ft Oo., Manufacturers of Moots 
and Shoes, (iu'jlph Street. — i'rominent among the 
industries carried on in Preston is the manufacture of 
boots and shoes, as represented by the well-known 
house of W. D. Hepburn & Co. This concein was 
established some twelve years ago, and is now known 
all over the country. The buildings are large and 
commodious structures, being 120x30 and 20x40 feet 
in dimensions, respectively, and two stories in height. 
Some sixty hands are employed, being skillful and 
experienced workmen. A general line of goods is 
manufactured, including ladies', gents', boys', youths', 
and children's fine boots and shoes, and the whole 
stock turned out by Messrs. W, I). Hepburn & Co. 
is unsurpassed in the Dominion, whether as regards 
design, finish, material used and general durability. 
As might be expected, a very large trade is carried 
on, which is constantly increasing, although at 
present it is principally confined to the western 
section of Ontario. Mr. W. D. Hepburn, the head 
of the concern, is an energetic and thorough man ot 
business, his dealings have been consistently of an 
honorable and upright character, and he is highly 
esteemed in the community. 




Windsor, so cnlleil after the Koyal Itoroui;!), with which the hiitoiy of KhkIo*"! >>• *<> iiulinMuhilily con- 
ncclcd, marks the wtst«-rii limit of the Province of Onl.irio, nnil is the chief ronrn-ciinj; point l)etwcfn 
tJanada and the United States. It is situated on liie l)anl<» of the Detroit Kivcr, and is exactly oppoiitc 
the city of Detroit, but ihou^jh fur outnumlicrcd by it* American neij{hlK)r, \Vin<l»or yet holdn itx own kH an 
important seat of thriving; imiu^irv, and even aiiriX-.s enterpriie from it.s populous rival. WimUor is an 
incorporal'.'d town, in Kasi Sandwich township, in the ctwmty of K^sex, lieinj; two nule.s north-east of 
Sandwich, the county Hcat, with which town it in connected by utreet caiUxay. It \s an important railway 
centre, bcinj; i!'e terndniis of the (ireal Western liranch of the ( irand Trunk, x-i well as of the Canada 
Division of the Michigan Southern Railways, Itolh these lines have |)owerful steam ferm* for conveying 
cars across the river, which is kept open all winter. During navigation Windxor has daily sleamhntU con- 
nection with all parts of the lakes and river systems, and ferries cross to Detroit every five nnnutes. 
Wiiulsor was laid out in 1SJ4, and llioiigli its growth has not licen phenomenally rapid, it has yet surely ami 
steadily progressed, and may rea.sonably hope to be one yf the next of the towns of Ontario to attain the 
dignity of a city. Its population at the present time is 7,060. 

Windsor has chiirches of all denominations, Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopal, Roman Catholic, 
Haptist and Bible Christian. There are also a Model, High, I'ublic and Separate Schools, a Convent, 
0|)era House and Town Hall. The Merchants' Hank of Canada and the Hank of Commercj have branches 
here, while there are two weekly jiapers, the Jis.ux h'econi and AW> A'cvieh'. The surrounding country 
is rich and fertile, grain, live stock, fruit and the products of its manufactures are shipped in all directions. 

'I'he town is lighte<l with gas, has an excellent water supply, a tire department, and telephone com- 
munication on both the (Canadian and Michigan systems. 

Windsor is 225 miles from Toronto and 558 from Montreal, and is the most important of the towns 
of Ontario which border on the States. 

Windsor Varnish Works, J. L. Dunn .'^ Co., 
Parent Avenue and Albert Street. — There are few 
lines of manufacture in which the excellence of the 
product is so vital a condition of success as in the 
varnish trade. Consumers are rigid in their requi'C- 
ments as to (piality, and they readily recognize the 
merits of those concerns where a uniform and superior 


quality is always obtainable. Among those engaged 
in this line of industry in this section of Ontario is 
the firm of Messrs. J. L. Dunn & Co., proprietors of 
the Windsor Varnish Works, which are located on 
Parent Avenue and Albert Street, Windsor. The 

business was established four years ago and has 
steaciily and constantly increased since its inception, 
and evidences still further success owing to the 
superiority of goods manufactured. The premises 
occupied are four buildings, located on a lot half an 
acre in area, where the necessary kettles and other 
appar.atus are in use. Kmployment is furnished to 
four comjietent workmen. The firm manu- 
facture hard oil finishes, varnishes and Ja- 
K;^ pans, and licpiid dryers, etc. ; their " Excel- 
* sior ■' paint dryer being the best in the mar- 
ket, having taking medals and diploma? at 
Toronto, Montreal, London ; and every place 
where they have exhibited they took first 
priz'.'s and highest awards, their goods being 
the standard brands manufactured in the 
Dominion. Mr. Dunn has had over twelv; 
years' experience intho manufacture of var- 
nishes and Japans, and manufactured for t'le 
firm of Whiting & Scarfe, of Brantford, or 
a number of years. His trade exterds 
throughout the Province of Ontario and 
Quebec, including the cities of Toronto an 1 
Montreal. Mr. Dunn is a practical business 
man and public spirited citizen, and has and 
is serving the town in the Council. He 
enjoys the confidence and esteem of the 
trade and the whole community. They 
also carry a very large stock of^ carriage 
varnishes, which they claim to be superior 
to any other varnish made in Canada. 
Parties using their varnishes, and after a good 
trial, will use no other, as they exceed in hardness, 
durability and brillisncy, and are being introduced 
into all the leading carriage manufactories in On- 



: .^^ 

TH« ■arnum WIr* anri Iron Werha. I . S. 

I.vniit and (ieii. ('. Ilunili, l'rii|iri('irir>.. In n (own 
like WiiuUiir man) aii<l vnried lini^ nf ni.inurncluro 
arc carricil on nnil many new (int'<. nrc Ixin^ run- 
Ktantly Marleil. Thii is dui' nut unly tu the enter- 

prise nnd eniT(4y of the l)iisiness men, luu i:i a ^;rtat 
di'|{rce Id its natural rtdvanlnjjfs as n cenlial jiDrl for 
shipment through the great lake district in llie west 
or by cars ai.d boat to the east. Anion^ those enter- 
jirises which will illustrate the fact is lliat of the 
Marniini Wire and Iron Works, whose extennive 
establishment is loiated west of Oueletle Avenue, 
fronting the Detroit River; the premises occupied 
being 72x100 feet in dimensions and four stories in 
height, and substantially built of brick. Throughout 
the works every facility and convenience is provided, 
and a large business is carried on wiili all parts of 
the Dominion. T^e business was first established in 
Detroit, and in 1SS4 it was transferred to Windsor, 
where it has n\et with marked success. The C'om- 
pany manufacture all kinds of wire work, embracing 
jiot cleaners, moulders' sieves, (lour and meal sieves, 
og muzzles, potato mashers, etc. ; also ornamental 
wrought iron work ami brass work, stable fixtures, 
tinials, settees, trellises and lawn furniture, wire 
railings for banks and offices, ciiee-se safes, etc. 
They also manufacture brass furniture trimmings, 
and also for hardware lines, and bank railings and a 
fine class of forged work. They have a foun('ry for 
making all kinds of brass castings. The work pro- 
duced by this house is not surpassed for beauty of 
design, (jualily of material, or excellence of finish by 
any other house in the Dominion, and their facilities 

for turning out work on the shortest notice are unex- 
ceptionable. They give employment to thirty skilled 
and capable hands on an average throughout the 
year. The proprietors, Messrs. Evans & Booth, are 
natives of Canada, and are thorough-going, enter- 
prizing and progressive business men, thoroughly 
understanding all the details of their extensive busi- 



ness, tintl are always abreast of the times, either in 
improved styles of ^jods or prices. They are gentle- 
men held in the highest esteem in the business and 
social community of Windsor. They did all the 
ornamental brass and iron work of the Bank of Mon- 
treal, Hank of London, Hank of Hamilton, Imperial 
Hank, Yonge Street, Toronto, Star Publishing Co., 
Montreal, Central liank, Toronto. In the Hank of 
Montreal they used '>nf and a half tons of wrought 
steel on the main counter, and are also the sole manu- 
facturers of Merchants' Cash Railway, which they I 
have for sale or to lease. ] 

Pr«d«rlek Staarns Ir Cd Manufacturing 
Pharmacists, Sandwich Street West.- Holding one 
<il the highest positions among the leading manu- 

facturing industries of this contment, and one of the \ 
most important, is that of the firm of Messrs. \ 
Frederick Stearns iV Co., manufacturing' pharmacists, 
whose Canadian establishment is located on .Sand- 

incorporated under the present titie in 1882. The 
otTicers of the firm are Frederick Stearns, I'resident ; 
Frederick K. Stearns, Secretary and Treasurer, 
while I. H. Taylor is the Manager of the Canadian 
house in Windsor. This Company have had a very 
prosperous career ever since the inception of the busi- 
ness, the standard ([uality of :heir preparations could 
always be relied upon in the market as the purest of 
the pure, and their upright and honorable method: of 
doing business have been duly appreciated by the 
trade. They are the originators and manufac irers 
of what is known as "a new idea," viz. : "Popular 
Non-Secret Preparations." They are also manu- 
facturers of full lines of lluid extracts, solid extracts, 
effervescent granules, medicated elixirs, medicated 
syrups, sugar-coated pills, pure powdered drugs, 
distilled waters, packed 
roots and herbs, medicinal 
■' '""'- ,«,,, . lozenges, resinoiils, oleo- 

resins, suppositories, plas- 
ters, tinctures, and ether 
miscellaneous articles. The 
quality of these goods is 
unquestioned, and have a 
large and widespread sale 
throughout the Dominion, 
which sale has been steadily 
increasing during the four 
years that the Company have 
been in Windsor. In the 
Windsor branch 20 compe- 
tent and careful assistants 
are employed making up the 
preparations, having all the 
necessary machinery and 
ajjpliances, with 25 horse- 
power engine. Mr. I. H. 
Taylor, the Manager of the Canadian branch, is an 
American by birth and is a gentleman well qualified 
for the position he holds, thoroughly understanding 
every detail of the business and being possessed of 
much executive ability. 

wich Street West, occupying a large and substantial 
brick building, five stories in height, and each flat 
35x65 feet in dimensions. This ma<nmoth business 
was tira' establis.t.ed in Detroit in 1855, and was 

J. C. DaHarnoia, Merchant Tailor and Dealer 
in Ready-Made Clothing, 55 Sandwich Street West.— 
Among the popular and prominent tailoring estab- 
lishments of Windsor is that conducted by Mr. J. C. 
DeHarnois, whose store is located at No. 55 
Sandwich Street West. Mr. DeHarnois is a practi- 
cal cutter, -id the house has achieved a wide 
celebrity as bt t one among the leaders of gentle- 
men's fashioris le lown. The premises occupied 
are 28x65 '^^^ ii.nensions, and are fitted up with 
neatness and carefully arranged, and are well stocked 
with a large and valuable assortment of English, 
Scotch and French woollens, which are cut and 
made to order in the most fashionable styles at 
moderate prices. 15esides the merchant tailoring 
department the house carries a very large stock of 
ready-made clothing of the latest styles and of the 
best quality of fabrics, which are sold at prices that 
cannot be beaten by any other house in the town. 
In the gents' furnishings and hat and cap depart- 
ments ali the newest styles and latest novelties of the 
season are to be found, and the stock is large and 
well selected. Employment is furnished to fourteen 
assistants and skillful operators. Mk. DeHarnois 
I is a thorough-going, enterprising and energetic 
j business man and a much esteemed citizen, and during 
j the fiv^ years he has been established in business he 
has met with marked success. He is a native ot 
I Montreal and a public spirited citizen of Windsor. 



D. M. Perry li Oe>i Incorporated Seedsmen, 
Sherman R. Miller, Manager.— It is universally ac- 
Jcnowledged that D. M. F'erry & Company are the 

lai^est seedsmen in the world. Their headquarters 
are in Detroit, occupying a mammoth building located 
on Brush and Croghan and Lafayette Streets, being 

six stories in height and having a lloor area of nearly 
seven acres. The Canadian establishment is located 
11 numbers 122, 12^^, 126 and 128 Sandwich Street 

West, Windsor, 
and was establish- 
ed in 1879. It is 
a substantial brick 
structure, being 
seven stories in 
height facing the 
JJetroit River, and 
h V e s t o r i e s in 
height fronting on 
.Sandwich St., the 
tlats being 72 x 65 
feet in dimensions. 
Here employment 
is furnished to fifty 
artisan.'^ and skilled 
hands. This house, 
being large seed 
growers, have ex- 
tensive farms of 
I }4 milesonClrand 
River Avenue, De- 
troit, with soil i)ar- 
ticularly adapted 
to seed growing. 
Here employment 
is given to over 
one hundred and 
fifty hands. The 
farms are under the 
charge of one of the 
most experienced 
growers in Amer- 
ica. Hesides tl.e 
farms specified, the 
Company h a v e 
contracts with ex- 
perienced growers 
in United States, 
Canada, England, 
France, Germany 
and Italy. The 
stock seed used in 
these countries is 
all furnished by 
the firm, and is 
carefully selected 
by them. Their 
trial grounds, con- 
sisting of ten acres, 
are situated on 
Ferry Avenue, and 
are devoted exclu- 
sively to testing 
seeds. A sample 
of every lot of seed 
received is tested 
to ascertain its vi- 
tality and purity, 
and a careful re- 
cord of the same is 
made, so that they 
are able to detect 
the least tendency 
to deteriorate, as 
well as to take ad- 
vantage of any superiority of any particular slock. 
Their records show that they have tested over 3,000 
varieties last season. This branch of their business 



is under the supervision of Professor Tracy, late of 
one of the leading agricultural colleges, and favorably 
known to scientific men. The trade of the Canadian 
house cNtends throughout the entire Dominion, and 
is constantly and steadily increasing. This house 
has the enviable reputation of furnishing only reliable 
seeds. The manager of the house in Windsor, Mr. 
Sherman K. Miller, is a gentleman of large business 
experience, and has a thorough knowledge in every 
detail of the extensive business over which he pre- 
sides. This house publishes annually a beautiful 
illustrated, descriptive and priced Seed Catalogue, 
which is invaluable to every person using garden, 
field or flower seeds, and is mailed free to all appli- 
cants. We would advise all of our readers to send 
for it. 

il. M. Ballantyn*, Fashionable Tailor and 
Cutter, 12 Ouelettc Avenue. — The business of the 
merchant tailor is one of much importance in any 
civilized community, for the man is most frecjuently 
judged by the clothes he wears before his intrinsic 
merits are known and appreciated. Among those 
who are popularly and prominently identified with 
the merchant tailoring business in Windsor is Mr. J. 
M. Ballantyne, whose store is located at No. 12 
Ouelette Avenue, where he has been established for 
the past one and a half years, having bought out his 
predecessors. Brown, iiurn it Co. The premises 
occupied are 22x70 feet in dimensions, where is con- 
tained an excellent stock of English and P'rench 
cloths for suitings, trouserings, overcoatings, etc., of 
the latest and most fashionable designs. The work 
done by this gentleman is first-class in every particu- 
lar, and his garments are not surpassed by any other 
tailor in the town for fit, style and elegance of finish, 
and his prices are most moderate and within the 
reach of all who desire to be well clothed. Mr. 
Ballantyne isapractical and skillful cutter, and gives 
this branch of the business his personal and closest 
attention, giving employment to eight operators in 
the custom department. lie is a native of Cannda, 
and is a thorough-going and enterprising business 
man, who is held in the highest regard in the com- 

V. Maranttttfe, Books and Stationery, Ouelette 
Avenue. — Books and stationery must be classed 
among the luxuries as well as the necessaries of 
modern civilization. Many years ago when very few 
people could read and, fewer still, write, these articles 
would have been a drug in the market, but all that 
is changed now and the benign influence of education 
is felt upon every hand. Among those prominently 
connected with the stationery business in Windsor 
none hold a higher position than Mr. Marentette, 
whose store is located on Ouelette Avenue, near 
Sandwich Street. This gentleman has been estab- 
lished in business for the past three years, and since 
its inception it has met with pronounced success. 
The premises occupied, which are handsomely and 
tastefully fitted up, are 18x60 feet in dimensions, 
where a large and well assorted Stock of books and 
stationery for home, school and office use are carried, 
including school books and requisites, blank books, 
fancy goods, papers and periodicals, etc. Employ- 
ment is furnished to three careful, competent and 
courteous assistants. Mr. Marentette is a native of 
Canada, and is a gentleman of excellent business 
((ualities, persevering, active and enterprising, and is 
highly deserving of the success which is attending 
his efforts. 

Windsor Tniek Oo., I'onting & Raddiffe, 
Oue'ette Avenue. — Among modern institutions of 
commerce, nothing has done more to promote the 
development of internal business communication than 
the express and teaming system. It facilitates trade 
to an extent that few people realize, and it may 
truthfully be said that if they were suddenly to go 
out of existence business transactions of g^reat magni- 
tude would simultaneously cease. The people of 
Windsor are favored with a first-class institution of 
this kind in the Windsor Truck Co., and its services 
ire characterized by (qualities which render it a favor- 
I ite with all who patronize it. The teams of the 
Company are strong, and the waggons adapted in 
every way for doing all kinds of express business and 
light and heavy carting. All kinds of commodities 
are removed or conveyed to and from all parts of the 
town, and careful and obliging men only are em- 
ployed, so that goods are handled without any extra 
wear and tear, and the arrangements are such that 
not a moment is lost in the forwarding department. 
The Company have three double and six single wag- 
gons, and have contracts with many of the leading 
business men for receiving goods from trains and 
steamers, paying freights and delivering goods. 
Both Mr. P. C. Ponting and Mr. J. Radcliffe are 
gentlemen of large business experience, and during 
the three years they have been established in their 
present business have built up a most valuable trade. 

S. H. Webster li Oo., Merchant Tailors, 9 
Sandwich Street West. — The excellent and well con- 
ducted establishment of Messrs. S. II. Webster & 
Co., fashionable tailors, of No. 9 Sandwich Street 
West, is one of the best known among the merchant 
tailoring establishments in that thoroughfare, and is- 
liberally patronized by a large class of the commun- 
ity. As a merchant tailor, Mr. Webster occupies a 
prominent position, and is considered among the 
best in the town. Me has been established over 
nineteen years, and he can always please those who- 
favor him with their custom. The premises occupied 
are 28x65 feet in dimensions, where a large stock of 
superb goods of both English and F'rench production 
is always to be found upon the tables, and those who- 
desire to be well and fashionably clothed will find 
just what they want at this establishment, at prices 
that cannot fail to meet their views as to economy. 
The firm have a large custom from Americans, who- 
find it to their interest to cross the river and leave 
their orders here. Employment is furnished to nine 
assistants and competent operators. Mr. Webster 
is a native of Scotland, and is well and favorably 
known to the whole community, and as a business 
man, a correct cutter and first ;class merchant tailor,, 
is not surpassed by any other in Windsor. 

Robinson tt Anderson. Wholesale and Retaif 
Dealers in Teas, Coffees and General Groceries, 
Crockery and Glassware, Medbury Block, Sandwich 
Street West. — Among the many enterprises necessary- 
to complete the commercial resources a town or city 
none is of more importance to the community than 
that of the wholesale and retail grocer, as being one 
of the main factors in the furnishing of our food sup- 
plies. Prominent in this trade is the well-known 
house of Messrs. Robinson & Anderson, which is 
located in Medbury Block, Sandwich Street West, 
Windsor, which was established three years ago. 
The premises occupied are large and commodious^ 
and handsomely fitted up, and are 24x100 feet in 
dimensions, with a large and high studded basement. 



Here maybe found a complc.e variety of domestic 
and imported groceries of ail k' .ids, care''iiiiy selected 
with a due regard to the wants of the trade, and 
giving especial care that every article shall be of the 
first (|uality. The choicest brands of teas and cof- 
fees, table delicacies, condiments, etc.. also crockery 
and glassware, are here to be found in abundance and 
hantlsomely displayed, and at prices that are as low 
as the lowest in the market for a similar quality of 
goods. The trade of the house extends throughout 
Windsor and vicinity, and in its operations four cap- 
able assistants are given employment, besides delivery 
teams. Mr. Robinson is a native of Canada, and is 
a thorough -going business man. Me was conductor 
on the Great VVestern Kailway for fourteen years 
previous to entering upon commercial life. Mr, 
Anderson is also a native of Canada, and previous to 
entering upon a commercial life was also conductor 
upon G. VV. R. for ten years ; and besides being an 
experienced business man is also a public spirited 
citizen and served the town as a member of the 
•Council. They are also agents for the " Wanzer 
I'atent Lamji." They deal largely in all kinds of 
fish, and ship them throughout the country. 

ThOSa Ea Kllroy* Groceries and Crockery, 
White Building, Sandwich Street. — Among the many 
enterprises necessary to complete the commercial re- 
sources of a town or city, none is of more importance 
than that of the grocer, as being one of the main 
factor:; in the furnishinr of our food supplies. Prom- 
inent in this trade is the establishment of Mr. 
Thomas K. Kilroy, which was established in the east 
end of Windsor fifteen years ago, and two months 
ago was removed to its new and very handsome 
quarters in White's new building on Sandwich Street, 
which is a more eligil)le location and better adajited 
to the business conducted by the house The premi- 
ses occupied are large and commodious, being 22x00 
feet in dimensions, where may be found a complete 
variety of domestic and imported groceries of all 
kinds, carefully selected with a due regard to the 
-wants of the trade. All goods are procured direct 
from first hands, and from the extended experience 
of the proprietor, this house is able to compete in 
all respects with contemj varies. Besides the staple 
and fancy groceries carru il there is a large stock of 
china, glass and stone ware of the best quality and 
at the lowest prices. Employment is furnished to 
five cap; le assistants and use is made of two teams 
in the ql very of goods. Mr. Kilroy is a native of 
Ireland, a 1 is a gentleman possessing a full and 
complete k, wledge of every detail of the trade, and 
customers li.ue realized hat at this house they may 
depend upon obtaining terms and inducements not 
readily to be duplicated elsewhere. The house also 
handle? produce of all kinds by the carload. Dealers 
on the outside would do well to correspond with Mr. 

W. D. Hortllli Chemist and Druggist, 10 Goyeau 
Street. — Among the most important as well as popu- 
ular drug stores in Windsor is that of Mr. \W. D. 
Hortin, which is located at No. 10 Goyeau .Street, 
which contains every requisite and convenience in 
this line of business, and has the reputation of being 
one of the best and most reliable in town. .\s a 
druggist and dispensing chemist Mr. liorlin has a 
wide reputation for care, skill and accuracy, and 
makes a specialty of compounding physicians' and 
difficult formula'. The premises occupied are 22x40 
in dimensions and are neatly fitted up, and contain a 

general assortment of fresh and pure drugs, chemicals, 
proprietary medicines, perfumery, fancy and toilet 
articles, etc., besides all the other requisites used by 
physicians in their practice, Employment is furnished 
to two competent assistants. Nlr. 1 lortin is an asso- 
ciate of the Ontario College of Pharmacy, and hiis 
lieen established in business for the past thirteen 
years, during which time il has met wi;h eminent 
success and has kept constantly developing. Mr. 
Hortin manufactures many sj)ecialtie>^, among the 
number being neuralgia pills, cough medicines and 
English Pain Destroyer, etc. lie is a native of 
Tasmania, born of I'lnglisli parents, and is a gentle- 
man who has seen much of the world in travel. Ik- 
is held in the highest estimation in the community 
for his many social and business (|ualities. 

il. 8> Edgar, Boots and Shoes, 23 Sandwich 
.Street West.— The i)oot and shoe trade is 1 le of 
much importance and is well represented in Windsor. 
Holding a leading idace <imong the more prominent 
merchants in this line is Mr. J. S. Edgar, whose 
store is located at No. 23 Opera Ilouse Block, Sand- 
wich Street West. This business was established 
1 eleven years ago, and ever since its inception has 
1 steadily and constantly increased in extent and im- 
I jrortance. The premises occupied are 23x60 feet in 
] dimensions and one and a half stories in height. 
i Here is carried an excellent and large stock of the 
I finest make of boots and shoes from the leading 
I manufacturers in the Dominion, embracing the most 
[ fashionable footwear for lailies and gents, youths 
! and children, from the finest kid to the heaviest ki(); 
also rubbers and a full line of trunks and valises. 
! Besides the manufactured stock in hand, .Mr. Eilgar 
I makes boots and shoes to order, employing ten 
1 skilled workmen, and the work turned out by him is 
I not surpassed by any other house in town for fit, 
, quality of material or excellence of workmanship. 
, Mr. Edfnr is a thoroughly practical business man 
i and understands all the details of his business. He 
i is a public spirited .tizen, and has been a member of 
j the Council, and also of the School Board for the 
past three years. He is a native of (Juebvc city, 
and is a gentleman highly respected by all who know 

«l. W. Blaekadder, Dry Goods and Crockery, 
15 .Sandwich .Street West. — There are few older 
established business houses in Windsor than that of 
Mr. J, W. Blaekadder, which was established as far 
back as 1S49. Windsor was not very much of a 
place at that time, consisting mostly of a few scattered 
houses and stores ; but many changes have taken 
place since that, and the town is rapidly growing in 
importance. The premises occupied by .\lr. Black- 
adder are located at No. 15 Sandwich Street West, 
and are 20x60 feet in dimensions, where employment 
is furnished to three competent and careful assistants. 
A full stock of staple and fancy dry goods is carried, 
consisting of all the latest designs in patterns and 
fabrics, also a good assortment of crockery, glass- 
ware, stoneware, etc., which are sold at the lowest 
prices in the market. Mr. Blaekadder is also a 
manufacturer of mitts, in which he does quifp an 
extensive trade, which is constantly on the increas.' 
the business extending throughout Windsor and 
vicinity. Mr. Blaekadder is a native of Scotland, 
ani is an energetic and enterprising business man, 
and one who has won the esteem of the community 
in which he has so long resided. 



Ja RoOhclvaUf Clothin}>, Cients' Furnishings, 
L'tc, 45 Sandwich Street West and 8 Oiiuieite Ave. - 
Prominent anionj; the leading clothing houses in 
Windsor is the well-iinown house of Mr. J. Roclie- 
leau, which is located at 45 Sandwich Street West. 
This business was estalilished fourteen years ago, 
and since its inception has witli enviable success, 
having constantly and sieadily increased. The prem- 
ises occupied are large and commodious, being 18x95 
feet in dimensions and two stories in heiglu. Here 
will be found one of the largest stocks of ready-made 

clothing in the town, of the most fashionable cut I 
and of the best (luality of goods from the leading i 
manufacturers of the IJominion, and at prices that ' 
cannot be beaten. A large and well selected stock ' 
of gents' furnishings is also carried, including all the 
latest and most seasonable novelties in neckwear, 
hosiery, etc., also hats iind caps. In connection ■ 
with the business there is a merchant tailoring de- 
partment, with an experienced and skillful cutter, 
and it is not too much to say that the garments pro- ■ 
duced by this house are not surpassed for tit, style 
or elegance by any other establishment in Windsor. : 
Kmployment is furnished to twenty assistants and 
skilled operators, and the trade of the house extends 
through Essex and Kent counties. Mr. Rocheleau 
is a native of Canada, and is a wide-awake, enter- 
prising and progressive business man, as well as a i 
public spirited gentleman, and has served in the 
Town Council of Windsor. I 

W. O. Nutson, Planing Mill, London Street 
and Dougal Road. Among the business enterprises 
connected with manufacture there are none which 
have done more to build up the commercial prosperity 
and material progress of Canada more than the 
lumber and ])laning mill business, giving as it does 
employment to a l.trge number of worKmen, and 
employing in the aggregate large capitals. Among 
those who occupy a popular anu prominent position 
in this branch of trade in Windsor is Mr. W. G. 
Nutsoii, whose jiremises are located on London 
Street and Dougal Road. This gentleman has been 
established in business for ten years, and by perse- 
verence, industry and ability has built up a trade 
second to none in the line in Windsor. Owing to 
the rapid increase in his business he was compelled 
to erect a new planing mill last fall, into which he 
removed in the beginning of the present year. The 
building, which is a substantial brick structure, is 
55x95 Icet in dimensions anil two stories in height. 
This is fitted up with all the latest and most improved 
wood-working machinery, a new 40 horse-power 
engine and boiler having also been put in. The 
yards connected with the mill are 125x400 feet in 
dimensions, where is carried on an average three 
million feet of pine timber. Mr. Nutson manu- 
factures all kinds of sash, doors, blinds, mouldings, 
sheetings, etc., requiring the ^^crvices of thirty-five 
skilled workmen in its operations. .Mr. Nutson. 
is a native of Canada, and is a gentleman of large 
business experience and ability, as well as a public 
spirited citizen, and has served in the Board of Town 
Council. He is held in high esteem by all who 
know him. 

Bradley Bros., Watchmakers and Jewellers, 14 
Ouelette Avenue. — Among the thoroughly skilled 
pr.ictical watchmakers in Windsor there are none ' 
who are more liberally patronized than .Messrs. 
Bradley Bros., whose store is located at No. 14 
Oueletto Avenue, where they have been established | 
since 1886, in the month of February. They have a 
full and comprehensive knowledge of every branch j 
of the business, and are considered among the most 1 
careful and correct in town. They make a specialty [ 
of fine wptch and CiOck repairing, and execute all ; 
work left with them it. the very best manner and ' 
which i.. guaranteed to<;,ve entire satisfaction. They ' 
are doing a good bu-ir. .'ss and enjoying the esteem' 
of all who deal with tliem. The premises occupied 
are 12x30 feet and are stocked with very fine lines of 
watches, clocks and jewellery of every description, : 
chains, scarf pins, shirt studs and sleeve links, 
brooches, ear- rings, etc., which they sell at the most 
moderate prices. The firm are natives of t!anada, 
and are young, active and enterprising business men, 
who seem to be on the sure road to business success. 

Connelly Bros., General Insurance, Real Estate 
and Passenger Agents, Windsor, Ont. — Among the 
most important lines of commercial industry in any 
business community is that of insurance, which gives 
security to the merchant and the householder alike, 
and secures him from possible loss in case of the 
destruction of his property by fire. Among those 
prominently engaged in the insurance business in 
Windior is the well-known firm of Messrs. Connelly 
Bros., whose office is located at No. 96 Sandwich 
Street West. This business was established ten 
yeursago, and since its inception has proved eminently 
successful. The firm represent, among others, the 
following well-known and substantial companies. 
Fire Insurance Companies : Lancashire, Guardian, 
Norwich Union, City of London, Scottish Unioa 
& National, Glasgow & London, National, Liver- 
pool, London & Globe, Atlas, Phwnix of Brooklyn, 
Citizens' Hand-in-Hand, Royal Canadian, Lloyd's 
r^ate-Glass. Steamship Companies : North German 
L'oyd, White Star, Netherland, Guion's Line, State, 
French, Cunard, Anchor, Allan, Hamburg American, 
Inman, Monarch, and Dominion lines. They are 
also the Windsor agents for the American Express 
Company. In adition to the above mentioned lines, 
they conduct a real estate business, buying, selling 
and exchanging, and making valuations on property, 
and loaning money on real estate security. Their 
facilities for loaning are unexcelled, representing as- 
they do the London & Canadian Agency Company 
the Toronto General Trust Company, and other first- 
class monetary insti utions, besides having on hand 
large amounts of private funds. The members of 
the firm are natives of Canada, and are thoroughly 
enterprising and progressive business men, who are 
well deserving of the success attending their efforts. 



R. Oluna, Tanner and hoot and Shoe Dealer, 
II Sandwich Street K. — Among the old established, 
popular and ])roniinent business houses in Windsor is 
that of Mr. k. Gluns, whose establishment is located 
at No. II Sandwicli Street East. This business 
wa.s first estat)lished in Sandwich Street in i860, and 
sixteen years ago the boot, shoe and leather store 
was opened in this town. The tannery conducted 
by Mr. (jluns, which is located in Sandwich, is 
20x40 (eet in dimensions, one building, and another 
20x30, and several other detached buildings in con- 
nection with the works. The line of goods manu- 
factured comprises upper, harness, calfskin and kip 
leathers, which are sold both at wholesale and retad 
throughout Essex and other counties. The retail 

store in Windsor is 20x50 feet in dimensions, where 
is carried a large and excellent stock of boots and 
shoes from some of the leading manufacturers in the 
Dominion, and suitable for ladies anil gents and 
youths, misses and children, in all the most fashion- 
able styles and in leathers ranging from the finest 
kid to the heaviest kip. A customs department is 
also in connection, and the best class of work by 
skilled and cxiierienced workmen is here produced. 
There is also carried a full line of trunks antl valises, 
and also leathers of his own manufacture. l''oi:r 
assistants are employed in the tannery and two in 
the stores. Mr. (iluns is a native of (iermany, and 
is an enterprising, energetic ?nd prosperous business 
man, and is at present l<eeve of Sandwich. 


A. MsoklSOn, Grocer, Front Street. - Among 
those prominently identified with the grocery trade 
of Strathroy is .Mr. A. Meekison. This gentleman 
began business son e 15 years ago, and during the 
period that has since elapsed a large trade has been 
built up, which is constantly increasing. The prem- 
ises occupied are 50 feet deep, ami the stock in trade, 
consisting as it does of groceries of all kinds, i)ro- , 
visions, flour and feed, crockery aiid glassware, is of! 
superior quality, and being procured for cash the 
advantages afforded to the customer are considerable ; 
Mr. Meekison's motto being " small profits and quick 
returns." Everything necessary to the carrying on of 
a first-class grocery business is at all times to be found 
in this store, and at the most reasonable prices. 
Moreover, Mr. Meekison's trade has been built up by 
honorable and straightforward dealing, possessing the 
confidence of all with whom he has had any relations 
whatever. Mr. Meekison is a Scotchman, and came 
out to this country 25 years ago, orniore, and during 
most of the time he has lived in Strathroy. He is a 
thorough and energetic man of business. 

Ma BiX6l It Son, Manufacturers of Lager Beer, 
Caradoc Street. — The manufacture m{ lager beer is an 
industry pf great importance in this country, and 
ranks deservedly high in quality. In -Strathroy the 
firm of M. Bixel & Son is well-known, and wherever 
their goods are found they are held in high repute. 
The brewery operated by these gentlemen was estab- 
lished in 1872 by Henry Large, who was succeeded 
by one of the name of Beaity. In 1875 Mr. M. Bixel 
became sole proprietor, and was the first to manu- 
facture lager beer in Western Ontario. In 1881 he 
associated with him his son, trading under the firm 
name of M. Bixel & Son. The plant covers two acres 
of ground, the brewery is a substantial white brick 
structure;^ twenty competent hands are employed. 
The output of malt is 15,000 bushels a year, and of 
lager beer, which is solely manufactured, 224,000 
gallons are yearly turned out. The products of this 
firm are not excelled in Canada, and a large .ind con- 
stantly increasing trade is the result, extending as it 
does throughout the whole of Western Ontario, Mr. 
M. Bixel, who is a German by birth, came out to 
Canada when twenty years of age. He was the first 
to introduce the manufacture of cigars in Brantford. 
This was in 1854, and he continued to carry on a suc- 

cessful enterprise until some twenty-five years ago, 
when he removed to Ingersoll and began the manu- 
facture of ale, under the style and firm of M. i\: L. 
Bixel. It will thus be seen that Mr. Bixel is endowed 
largely with the spirit of enterprise and the(|ualities for 
success, having succeeded in every enterprise he has 
undertaken, being most reliable in all his transactions. 

il. D. Me«kiSOn, Bookseller and Stationer, 
Front Street. — It would be difficult to estimate the 
value of the book and stationery trade, and with the 
advance of education and refinement its claims are 
being more readily recognized. Prominent among 
those engaged in it in Strathroy is Mr. J. D. Meekison, 
a young and enterprising gentleman, who has been in 
business for one year. The premises occupied are 
commodious, being 70 feet deep, and the stock 
carried is heavy and well assorted, consisting of books, 
stationery of all kinds, fancy goods, and Canadian, 
American and English wall paper. The entire stock 
is procured on those terms which enable .Mr. Meeki- 
son to offer special advantages to the public, and 
hence a large and flourishing trade is carried on. 
.Mr. Meekison is also agent for the Canadian Pacific 
Railway Telegraph Company. Mr. Meekison is a 
native of London, and studied in the Collegiate 
Institute of Strathroy, after which he entered a 
mercantile house, and prior to embarking in the 
stationery business was engaged in the grocery trade. 

Hoskin ScCOm Tinsmiths and Dealers in Stoves, 
etc., Frank Street.— Strathroy is justly reputed for 
its industrial enterprises, and among those deserving 
of notice here is the manufacture of tinware. Those 
most prominently identified with this industry in 
Strathroy are Messrs. Hoskin & Co. These gentle- 
men commenced business in 1S79, since which time 
a constantly increasing trade has been carried on, 
which now extends as fnr as Lake Erie. The premises 
occupied are large and commodious, being 125 feet 
deep ; six competent and experienced hands are 
employed. The industry engaged in is tinsmith work 
of all sort, copper and sheet iron work, eavetrough- 
ing and galvanized iron roofing, a specialty being 
made of metallic roofing — a branch in which these 
gentlemen have no superior, and are the only ones 
i^ngageil in it in Strathroy. They keep constantly 
on hand stoves and base-burners manufactured by 



the most prominent houses in Canada, tii:ware and 
all house furnishing goods. These gentleni>.-n also 
deal very largely in skins and hides, and carry o.; an 
enormous trade, supplying one party in London alo le | 
with $5,000 worth of these goods per annum. T le i 
total annual trade of this tirm amounts to $15,0(10. 1 
Mr. Hoskin, the head of this establishment, is by j 
birth an Knglishman, but has lived in Canada for at 1 
least half a century. He is a practical mechanic and , 
thorough man of business, and is ably assisted by his 
sons, Messrs. F. T., K. G. and Ci. H. Hoskins, who 
are associated with him in business. 

Strathroy Manufaoturing Oo. (Llmltad), ! 

Head .Street. — Prominent among the industries car- , 
ried on in .Strathroy is that of the manufacturing I 
company of that name. The premises occupied were j 
originally used as a foundry. Est^ilished some j 
fifteen years ago ; and in November of last year 1 
<l886) the present joint stock company was formed, 
of which the officers are Messrs. Chas. Grist, Prcsi- ; 
dent ; W. J. IJyas, Vice-President ; Jas. H. English, i 
Manager, and A. A. Cockburn, Secretary. The ■ 
plant covers over an acre of ground, the buildings are 
substantial white brick structures, and the factory is 
e(|uip])ed with the latest and most improved machin- ! 
ery. Motive power is supplied by an engine of 40 
horse-power, and there are some forty mechanics 
employed. The industry embraces the manufacture 
of hand hay-rakes, grain cradles, grass snaths, fork, ' 
hoe and broom handles and wood turnings. These [ 
goods as produced by this Company are not surpassed 
anywhere on this continent. Every mechanical facility 
and the most skilled and competent labor being 
brought to their production, hence the trade carried on 
is very large and constantly increasing. Mr. James H. 
Englisti, the manager, is an Irishman by birth, com- 
ing out to this country when only seven years old. 
He is a thorough, energetic and a most competent, 
painstaking and reliable manager. 

Strathroy Knitting Co., Front Street.— The 
knitting industry of Canada is of deservedly high 
repute, and foremost among the industries of Strathroy 
is that of the Strathroy Knitting Co. This concern 
was established in Ancaster in 1865, l)eing the 
original knitting mill in Canada, and in 1875, when 

it was burned, the whole plant was removed to 
Strathroy, where it has since been successfully carried 
on. It is controlled by a joint stock company, the 
olHcers being Messrs. James Watson, President ; 
Rupert Watson, Secretary, and William Dewar, 
.Manager. The grounds covered by the mill and 
complete plant is at least one acre and a tpiarter in 
extent, and the buildings are substantial white brick 
structures. There are 120 hands employed, seven 
sets of cards being in operation. All classes of 
knitted goods are turned out, such as men's and 
ladies' underwear, etc., the annual output averaging 
from 25,000 to 30,000 dozen of shirts and drawers. 
The goods turned out have secured for this concern 
an enviable reputation, an enormous trade being 
carried on, which extends over the whole of the 
Dominion, totaling at $150,000 jjer annum. 
The manager, Mr. William Dewar, is a native of 
Glasgow, Scotland, having lived for twenty-nine 
years in this country, twenty of which he has been 
manager of the above concern. He is practical and 
experienced in all the details relative to this particular 
industry, painstaking and most assiduous in his 
attention to the interests of the company for whom 
he has so long and so successfully managed their 

Charlas Orlat, General Hardware and Iron 
Merchant, corner Front and Frank .Streets. — The 
hardware trade is of primary significance, and fore- 
most among those engaged in it here is Mr. Charles 
Grist. This gentleman commenced business in 1871, 
since which time a large and flourishing trade has 
been liuiltup. The premises occupied form part of 
a substantial white brick structure, and are 80x24 
feet in dimensions, three stories in height. The 
stock, which is very heavy and of first-class ([uality, 
consists of a complete line of shelf and carriage hard- 
ware, paints, oils, glass, doors, sash rope, etc. The 
stock is procured on the most favorable terms, and 
the large trade enjoyed by this gentleman is both 
wholesale and retail, the jobbing alone being con- 
siderable. He is also a large dealer in carriage 
goods, wood works, wheels, etc. Mr. Grist is a 
Canadian, and learned his business in Quebec and 
Montreal. He has lived 18 years in Strathroy, being 
now one of its most prominent and highly respected 





R. M. Wanz«r li Co., Manufacturers and 
Patentees of the celebrated "Wanzer" Lamp, 
Hamilton, Ont.— The present age is undoubtedly 
one of the greatest progress, and every year witnesses 
new tiiuniphs in the world of invention. Perfection 
is rapidly approaching in every article of manufacture, 
and nowhere is this more clearly to be seen than the 
advancement which has been made in the plans and 
devices for the purpose of providing the most efficient 
of artificial light, with the greatest degree of safety. 
The numerous accidents to life and property, which 
have been caused by lamp explosions, have naturally 
turned the attention of scientists and inventors in the 
direction of supplying such an article, as while dis- 
tributing an even, steady and full light, shall at 
the same time be of such a construction as to make 
explosions an impossibility. Such an invention has, 
after fifteen years' experimenting, been produced by 
Messrs. R. M. Wanzer & Co. The fame of this 
Companyinconnectionwith the well-known" Wanzer" 
Sewing Machine is world-wide, and in the production 
of the "Wanzer" lamp, they have added fresh laurels 
to their crown. The general utility of the sewing 
machine is in a great measure confined to one sex, 
but the utility of the "Wanzer" lamp is universal, 
and its great merits must be recognized as a boon by 
the whole civilized globe. The wide reputation of 
the Company is in itself sufficient to insure for this 
production a trial, and when once tested its own 
peculiar qualities will require no further recommen- 
dation. No expense has been spared in purchasing 
the latest improved tools and machinery necessary to 
manufacture it ana place it on the market as cheaply 
as possible. It is positively non-explosive, and can 
be rolled around the floor when lighted with perfect 

safety. The cold blast of air constantly surrounding 
the oil well keeps it cool, therefore the cheapest 
grades of coal oil can be used with perfect safety as 
well as the highest grades. Should the lamp fall 
from the table the flame would instantly be extin- 
guished, instead of causing an explosion like the 
ordinary lamp. No chimney is used, or glassware of 
any kind, the combustion is perfect and there is no 
odour whatever, while the mechanism is on an 
entirely new principle and the lamp will last for many 
years. The " Wanzer wick " is made expressly for 
this lamp, and the mechanism will with one winding 
give a light of fifty candle-power, for over six hours, 
the flame given out being much better than gas. 
Fixtures specially adapted for this lamp are also 
manufactured, whereby water can be heated, tea or 
coffee made, oysters cook 'd, etc., in a few minutes, 
while in the sick room it is tn invaluable acquisition. 
The "Wanzer" lamp was patented in 1886, both at 
home and abroad, and since its introduction the 
demand has been enormous. The factory used for 
its manufactory is perfectly equipped in all its details, 
covering an area of four acres, with a frontage of 900 
feet and 151,570 square l-et of flooring. The 
Emperor of Austria conferred upon .Mr. R. M. 
Wanzer the lion Cross and knighted him with the 
Order Francis Joseph the F'irst, for his valuable 
services in the sewing machine business, which wert 
the highest honors conferred at the Vienna Exhibition 
of 1873. Though unable to confer specific honors, 
the citizens of all enlightened countries to an equal 
extent show their appreciation of his latest production 
by heartily endorsing, in the shape of practical use, 
this wonder of the world — the " Wanzer " Lamp. 



W. Ball l( Co., Manuracturers of the "Hell" 
Oigan, Guelph. — The history of ihc inception and 
progress of the firm of W. I^eli & Co., manufacturers 
of the " Bell " organ, is one full of interest. The 
business was esial)lishe<l in 1864 in a small wooden 
building, which is existing at the present day, an 
inferior and dilapidated shanty, and in striking con- 
trast to the magnificent and mammoth building now 
the home of the manufactory, which is located on 
Market Square, and is the first structure of import- 
ance that meets the eye of the stranger arriving at 
the depot. The development of the business has 
been astonishing, but it has been due entirely to the 
energy, push, enterprise and ^ibility of the 
firm, and the superior quality of the in 
struments manufactured by them, which 
now give forth their melodious tones not 
only in Canada but also in England, on 
the European Continent, in Australia, and 
other foreign countries. At the inception 
of the business one organ a week to be 
manufactured was no small task, while now 
they average 6,000 per annum, which, 
placing the price of each instrument at 
$100, a low average, would give the an- 
nual output to be $600,000, and this has 
been a rapid increase from 1885, when the 
total average for the year was about 4,800 
instruments. The premises occupied by 
the firm are two extensive buildings, the 
main structure being five stories in height 
and the other four stories, and both having 
a floorage area of 200,000 square feet. 
All the different departments are under the 
supervision of a skilled and competent 
head. All the latest and most improved 
machinery and appliances are in the build- 
ing, the machinery being driven by an 80- 
horse power engine, with two boilers of 
double that capacity. Employment is given 
to about 350 skilled workmen. Messrs. W. 
Bell & Co. are self-made men, and have 
built up an industry of which the people of 
the Riyal City of Guelph may well feel 
proud, and may well hold the members of 
the firm in the highest estimation. 





"' M 

\ i 





evy imppoVesl 

Singer Sewing Machine 

Is our latest production, and is superior to all others for simplicity, 
durability, ease of operation, quietness, beauty of stitch, perfection of 
mechanical principles in construction, etc., etc., besides possessing 
jnany points of excellence over all others which cannot be here 
enumerated, and must be seen to be fully appreciated. It has a High 
Arm, Automatic Bobbin, Winder, Self- Setting Needle, and an Oscil- 
lating Shuttle that can be threaded without removing it from the 
machine. I*" is almost noiseless, and runs so lightly that a child can 
operate it. 

All kinds of Plain, Fancy and Artistic Needlework, on every kind 
of fabric, can be done with the attachments now givei| a-W^ay with 
this machine. 

It excels in all kinds of Family Sewing, and delights every lady 
who owns one. 

Do not buy a machine until you have seen and tried our New 
Improved Family. Sold on easy monthly payments. We have 
Branch Offices in all large towns, and agents nearly everywhere. 


Principal Office, 
Head Office for Canada, 

34 Union Square, New Yori( 
66 King Street West, Toronto 




St. liAWKK.Ni k Hvhtk.m. 'I'hti Kn'ikt liikti ami rivor HyMti^ii of Cuimilii liiut lioxn nimlo (u)iitiM\i- 
ouhIv iiavlKuliIti for a tliHtuiu'o of L'.IIKI Hlatiitc iiiIIoh, by a I'oniicctltiH; clialii of ton canalu, (M)iii- 
utMimTli iiiilfH of artirlrial iiuviKatloii. TIiIh HyHtviii uxtviuU from tlio HtrailH of HuUc IsU; to 
ThuiidtT Hay, iU I ho lioail of liako .Siiiiorlor. 

Tho foUowlnt; tublu of diHtuiicox indlcutcH alao tho rospoctivo positioim of those caiiaLs, IIiuh : ~ 


8trait« of Hollo IhIo to Kathor Point ttl3 

l-'atlior Point lo UimouHkl 6 

Uiiiioiwkl tog,iiol(0(; 177 

Qiieb(!c to Tliiro Itivoi'H (or titlo-wator) 71 

Tliroo ItlvorH to Montrual M 

Lacliino Canal 8} 

Jwicliliiu to Hcauliarnols 17) 

Iioiiiilian\oi.s ( 'anal 17i 

Kt. Cci'ilo to Cornwall 32J 

(Cornwall Canal lU 

111 vor and Karran'8 Point Canal IBJ 

Uapldo Plat Canal — ^ 1 

Ulvor and Point Iroqtiois Canal 7i 

.1 unction and GalopH Canala « H 

Prcrtc'ot t to KlnKHton 66| 

KinKHton to Port Dalhounio 170 

Port DallioiiHlo to Port Colbornc (VVcUand Canul) 27 

Port Colborno to Anihorstburt? 232 

Anihorstburg to Windsor 18 

WindHor to Foot of St. Mary s iHland 25 

Foot of St. Mary's Island to Sarnia .I'J 

Sarnia to foot of St. Joseph's Island 270 

Foot of St. Joseph's Island to Hault Sto. Mario 17 

Saiilt .Sic. Mario Canal 1 

Head of Hault Ste. Mario to Polnto aux Pins 7 

i'oiuto aux Pins to Duluth 390 

Total 2,381 

I)i8TANCi:s TO LivEUPOOL.— Add to this table tho 2,231 statuto niilos' distance from tho Straits 
to Liverpool, and it Kivos a total navigable length of 1,018 miles from Duluth, tho extreme hood of 
Lake .Superior, to Liverpool. 

DiFKEitKNCE OK LEVELS,— Tho dift'cronco in level to be overcome, to where tidal influence 
ceases, is about, (iOO feet. Of this, tho Canadian caiuils, with a total number of 53 locks, overcome 
a height of IkVI^ feet. The one-mile long Sault Ste. Mario Canal, built by tho United States, has 
one lock, lifting 18 foot. 

Size of Locks.— Tho size of tho locks in this system ranges from 20O to 270 feet in length by 15 
feet in width. The depth of water i.s from !> to U feet, and tho Government intends to nuike the 
whole route fit for vessels of 12 to 1 1 feet draught of water. 

Ottawa Canals.— Tho canal route from Montreal to Ottawa and Kingston has a total length 
of 2161 miles, with 69 locks exclusive of the Laehine Canal, and a lockage of 533i feet. Tho new 
works on this route give 9 feet water in locks 15 x "200 feet. 

St. Lawrence and New York.— Canal navlKiition is secured between the St. Lawrence and 
New York by means of the Richelieu River an<i Chambly Canal. This has 9 locks, with 7 feet 
depth of water ; and <'onnc(ts by Lake Champlain with the United States Eric Canal, and the 
lludson Itivor ; a total distance of 411 miles. 

Trent River Navigation.— Of the Trent River navigation, between Lake Huron and tho 
Bay of Quinto on Lake Ontario, 2;i5 miles, only part has been made navigable, chiefly for the 
[>a8sage of timber ; and 155 miles' distance is available for light draft vessels. 

St. Peter's Canal.— Finally, there is the St. Peter's Canal, cut through an isthmus half-a-nille 
wide, between St. Peter's Bay on tho Atlantic, and tho Bras d'Or Lakes of Cape Breton. It has a 
lock 18 X 200 feet, with a depth of 18 feet and a breadth of 55 feet. 







./(//«■ :i()th, JSS'j. 



Lknotii or Link. 


AUciiitlc U North-Wont 

Hay of Quiiiitt At NitvlKntlon I'cMupiiiiy. 

lOiiunda Atliiiitlc 

(!iiniiil'i Hoiitlittru. 


(Iloil* laliU 

Canndliin J'urlHo ;i,U!).'JO \ 

Moiitrotil tnOttiiwn ^Huctlou iif g. M. 11. Jit I). llallWHy) 

(IrtMllt Valloy Wl.lH) 

Miiulliibii Himth-WoMtorn N).7n 

( )iitiirl<i «i gnBbu(! ]U1»J«) I 

Torouto, Oriiy «t llrueo 11)3.00' 


iliirllUinfc armivlllii 

Oiitnil Oiitiiric) 

l!lmlliHm Hi'iinch 

CobDui'if, l'('t(>fl)i>rc>' At Miirmorik 

(lurulxinniiil Itiiilwny At (Inul Co 

KaMl(<ru Kilnii-<li>ii 

KIk'Iii, PctllcMdliio (i lliivi'lock 

Kiic fi Huron 

(Jriiuil HoiitliKiii 

Oruud Trunk H«7.'JIS \ 

Huffiilo *t l.iikM Ilurou lrt'2.iH) 

(ieortfiau liny & liftko I'.rlo 171.IH) 

Moutreiil A[ Cliiimplnin .luaollou ea.'jri 

/OrtMit Wo.<loru 1)Iv1h1ou\ Urtwit Wo«ter i KKLiKt 

\ i.oiiiiou u. I'oiM diiiiiii'y ) 'am 

WfUtuitton, (*roy ft 11 uoo 16a.;« 

DriiUltord, Norfolk Hi I'ort llurwoU 114.74 

I.oudoii, Huron U Uruco 6H.W) 

/Midland Division \ Mldliiud lW.7n 

V 1 orouto & Nlplsrtlng / 111.80 

Oriind Junction 87.7S 

Whitby, Portl'Brry U LludHay iaJCa 

Vlcloriii -LlndHny lo IliiUburton 63.'26 

Miidoo .Tuootion to llrldgowuter 8.60/ 

Oroat Northorii 

Hamilton & North-WoHtorn 



.Taoques Cartlor llulou 

Kent Northern 

Klnif stou ti PiMnbroke 

/laultoba & North- Western 

.NlasHawinpl Viilloy 

27 I Montronl U Sortd 

U8 I Mr>ntrenl& V'i'rmout .Tuuctlon 

Napauee, Taniworlh& Quoboo 

Now UrmiHwlck 174.00 i 

Now llruuswlok d Canada ' 

Ht. .John & Maluo 92.i;0 : 

Frodorlcton '.aSO ) 

New Hnin^wlck ti Prince PMward'a Inland 

Northc'i-n It.iUway of Canada 




33 I Northern & W('.<lorn of New llrunswlck. 













! Norlhi'ru U Pacdllo .Junction. 

[North .Shore (.Section of y. M. O. «£(). K'y) Quebo to Mo .troi.l 

! North- Wustorn Coal d Naviijatlon Co 

I Nova Scotia, Nlctaux fr Atlantic 

lOxford to Now 01asj,'ow ( Section of Montreal & Kuropean Short Lino K'y . 

I PoutiactPaolflo. Junction 

j Prince lOdward Island 

jQu'AppoU I Lon)? Lake Ik Kaskotchowaii 

tJuelHH! & Lake Ht. John 

3. BO 


:M2 44 



13 00 

3ft. 00 

14 00 

82. BO 




HI. 06 



112 tlO 

78. '>4 



23 (!0 



17 no 

209 74 


aw. 00 


lUucbcc Central. 

taii-t(';iil, Shi'lToril &Charal)ly 

South-Kiistcrn IM.DII ^ 

I Mont real, P( >rtlan(l & Boston 4B.00 

I Lake Cham plain Jte 8t, Lawrence Junction fiS.tJO * 

46 St. Lawrence & Ottawa 

47 '.St. Martin's Jk TTphara 

43 IThousand Islands 

a , WaterUioSi MaifOK 20.00 . 

i>lissis<|uoi Valley 10.10 \ 

BO Western Counties 

CI I Windsor*; \nuapolis 84.00; 

Windsor Branch 32.00 <, 

4:i.i)0 ;. 

260.00 '. 








•J07 (K) 


13 00 


61 M) 


101. 2^ 

109.. 'lO 

1,') (10 
40. 1 '0 

812. '25 



THE — 

"PAbnCR H0(JSC" 




liT TX^B ClT-2" 

Complete in all its appointments, with magnificent parlors and bedrooms 

detached and en suite. 



Large and convenient sample rooms for travellers.