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Entered according te Act of Parliament 
C^r ^"^ in the yearl898. 




' '/ 

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UNDERGROUND RA.ILROA.D.— By this term we rleaignate the 
many methods and system by which fugitive slaves from the 
Southern States were aided in escaping to the North or Canada. 

After slavery was abolished in the North slaves frequently ran away 
from their masters and attempted to reach the free States of the North 
or better still, Canada wh^re they were beyond the reach of their fort er 

These socalled railroad'? were moat useful anxilariea in giving aid 
to the negro. Fugitive slave laws gave masters the right to persue the 
slaves into another state and bring them back. The men interested in 
these railroads were men who felt they should fear God rather than 
man, that the fugitive slave laws ware unjust «nd that thev should not 
be obeyed. They were composed of a chain of good men who stretched 
themselves across the land from the border of the slave states all the 
way to Canada. ManyJ||g^tiue slaves were thu*? permitsed to escape. 
They were carried by night to a place of safety and then turned over to 
another conductor who very often would lovd up and >«Qn>ey^the fugi- 
tives in a covered wagon to the next sta^.ion, th'is thay were CJlrrieri on 
from one place to another. 




. ( 

Mr. Simons enters 
Simons — a conver- 

Part IsT. A Planter and Slave Trader. - ' 
Mr. Simons and Mr. Shipley- 
Mr. Shipley sits reading. • ' - 

A knock at the door, Dinah is called to anHwev. 
Good morning mister Shipley, Good morning Mr. 
sation as to bupiness, &c. ensues. 
Mr. Simons wants to buy two boys to make out his load, he is buying up 
slaves to sell in a Richmond market. Mr. Shipley wants ^16.00,00 for 
the two boys but is beat down to $12.00.00, The bargain is made and 
the boys to be taken away in one week. 

Before th? bargam is completed Mr. Simons wants to see the boys. 
The bell is rung, Dinah enters, she ia told to bring in some wine and call 
in the two boys. The boys enter Pete and Sam. 

Mr. Shipley — Say, Sam I want you to take this gentleman'3 horse 
and clean and feed him, and Pete i want yon to examine the horse and 
see what you think of him, I am thinking of making a trade. 

While the boys are standing the trader is looking at them, they 
leave and the bargain is made. One Hundred Dollars is paid to bind 
the bargain — Dinah is listening at the door. 

At night the boys and parents are all having a good time in the 
quarters — singing; playing and dancing, &c. 

When Dinah comes in and tells them of the sale. She hid 
herself behind the door and heard all about the transaction, when the 
boys at once tnmbled to the actions of their master 4nd the stranger. 

The following conversation took place. 
Pete— Do you know what the Underground Railroad is Sing ? 
Sing — Yes it's not a road underground it's a train of men that take vou 
from one to the other un Jl you are safe in Canada — well Pete I think 
we had better find it. 

Pete — There is an old free man IWes way down creek, Old Uncle Jerry 
Byers if we go to him he will take us through. I Have been looking 
for this long ago and I found oat the way, I think we had better go 
down to night and see him and make arrangements for leaving Saturday 
night. After eleven o'clock at night they take two horses and start 
down to see Uncle Jerry. 

2nd. Boys' arr've at Uncle Jerry's knock at door. Is this Uncle Jerry ? 
Uncle Jerry comes to doer with candle in hand enquires of their busi- 
ness ; when they tell him they want to run away. Uncle Jerry asks 
when they want to go, what their names are, who they belong to, how 
much money they have, &c. arrftugemeuts are made to leave the Satur- 
day coming twelve o'clock at night. 

The boys leaving home Siturday night Mother, Father and Sisters 
weeping and crying after them, the boys try to console them tells they 
are sold and they will mn chances and try to get free. They leave sipg- 
ia>» "goodbye mother Goodbye Father if I don't see yon any more. 
I'll m?et yon iu the Heavens in that blessed kingdom if I don't see you 
any more." 



They have all day Sunday to go unnoticed by their master. 

Monday morning, master caHn for the boys, when aunt Dinah says 
th^ boys aint here mas^a ihc»y done bin gone ever since Saturday night, 
I spect they done gone run away. 

The master gets in a great ra<*e calls for Jim to jret out his horse, 
Dinah to get hia revolvers and starts off to Frederick City to get out 
hand bills and advertise them. 

While Mr. Shipley is on his way to the city Mrs. Shipley calls 
Aunt Dinah and Jenny tries to pick them and make them tell what they 
know about the boys, when they declare indeed, indeed, and double deed, 
Missus, I don't know nufiiu 'tail about the boys. 

There being an old colored conjurer in the neighborhood, she sends 
for him while Mr, Shipley is away. 

Old Uncle Mingo comes. 

Mrs. Shipley — Uncle Mingo, can you do tricks ? 

U. M. — Yes Missus. 

Mrs. S. — Well, we have two boys run away and I wan'.) you to work 
them back. 

Uncle Mingo sets his bag down, calls for a howl of water, takes his 
two sticks and chicken foot and chews his roots, asks for three pieces of 
silver, starts to work shaking foot over bowl, &c. He tells her he has 
them turned around and wants three more pieces of silver to make them 
come back ; he leaves by telling her he has stopped them from crossing 
the line. 

By this time Mr. Shipley arrives at the printing office very much 

Is this the Snn Printing Office ? Yes, sir. I want to get some bills 
and advertising done. What do yuu want ? 

Two runaways, five hundred dollars reward taken dead or alive, 
five hundred D — five hundred D — dead or alive. The printer has a 
hard time to get him straight. What is thel.- names, &o. 

Pete is 22 years, 5 feet 6 inches. 

Sam is 19 years, 5 feet 9 inches. 

Both dark complexions, Pete a scar over the right eye, Ac. 

The printer gets him straight and he pays the bill and leaves. 

The boys are next seen at Uncle Jerry's travelling in the bush. 
Uncle Jerry leaves them pointing out the way. They are told to go five 
miles to the cross roads and they would oome to Uncle Johnny Miller's, 
a Quaker, and he would take them to the next station. 

They are next seen with Mr. Miller in the bush, when they run 
against the slave -catchers on their tracks. 

They meet Uncle Johnny returning from hiding the boys away 
when they enquire of him ; 

Have you seen any runaways ? 

I seen them about two hours ago. 

Where, where, where ? 

Uncle Johnny takes his time, takes some snuff, picks his teeth and 
tells them where he thinks they would be about that time — at the same 
time he is turning the catchers another way altogether from the run- 

Balding hani bMls, fivehnndred dollars reward, &c. 

The catchers Ptart off as directed. Uncle Johnny takes the boys 

another station further, where they are sent to Philadelphia. 

Three more started from Kentucky — Anderson, Gibbs and Johnson. 
In the ti»ht Johnson was shot, while Anderson and Oibbs got safe to 

*' It will be remembered that Anderson was betrayed and arrested in 
Simcoe, Canada, in 1858, and taken t« Brantford, Canada. 

" When Wm. Mathews, the Acting Magistrate, gave him up to the 
South the colored people of Brantford secured the services of Mr. A. 8. 
Hardy, who appealed againsf the decision, and was sent to Toronto and 
given up again by Chief Justice Robertson. He was carried before a 
bench of twelve judges, cleared nnd sent to England." 

Anderson was a plasterer by trade and belonged to a man in Ken- 
tucky by th i name of Diggs. A slave trader came along by the name of 
Woodfork. He and Diggs have several games of cards, when the trader 
gets all of Diggs' money. Anderson is then put up and is won by the 
trader. Anderson finding out he was gambled off, makes up his mind to 
run away that night. Before leaving he tells his wife of the circum- 
stance and to get his things ready, when a heart-rending scene takes 
place. He tries to console her by telling her he was sold and they w^uld 
never meet again, but if he would run off and get to Canada he would 
send for her. — Leaves singing 

•• Grieve noc my wife, grieve not for me, 

Oh, do not break my heart, 

'Tis naught but cruel slavery would cause me to depart ; 

If I should stay to quell your grief 

Your grief I should augment, 

For no one knows the day that we asunder would be rent, <fi;c." 

He leaves that night and gets about ten miles away to a bush, where 
he is followed by his master and two others, and a big fight takes place, 
Anderson striking his master with a club, laying him out for dead. 
While the othetd were trying to bring Digga to Anderson made good his 
escape and got safely on the Underground Railroad. Anderson went to 
Bantford, Canada, where his master came after him, but did not take 
him back. 

The last station on the Underground Railroad was in Philadelphia, 
Penn. From thence they were put on the car3 and sent to Canada. 
There being about five to be sent away, all seated around in the sitting 
room having a good time, after having a good supper. 

Mr. Hill walks in and congratulates them on their arrival safe In 
Philadelphia, and tells them they have an hour and a half before the bus 
would leave for the station and to have a good time. He enquires of 
eaeh one v/here they are from, and how they got away — when each one 
told his story of escape. 

Mr. Hill enquires of No. 1 and No. 2 where are you from, your 
names and your masters', and how you made your escape, Ac. My name 
is Petec Diivi!?, mv name is Davis, we belong to a man by the name of 
Tom ^lipley in Frederick County, Md. 

Mr. Hill — Well give nsan old Maryland gig and song. 
Mr. Hill — Well where are you from, ^'C. 

I am from Riolimond, Vir., I belong to a man named Tom biator, 
my name is VVm. Brown ; they put me in a box and just left room for 
me to use my hand with a gimlet to muke holes to get my breath. They 
marked the box right side up with (.-are, but sometimes I was standing 
on my head, ana when I landei in Pliiladelphia they opened the box and 
1 hopped out, and there was not a dry thread on me. 

Mr. Hill — Go; d boy, well give us a Virginia song. 

Where did you come from, etc. ? I cotne from Georgia. 

Mr. Hill — How did you get here from Georgia? 

The Captain put me down in the bottom of the boat and piled a lot 
cotton bilos over me, but when I got to Philadelphia I was nearly 

The next was Anderson from Kentucky ; he told the story as relat- 
ed previously. After a few more songs, the bus comes and all march 
around shaking hands and singing : 

I am on my way to Cana- a that free and happy land, 
The dire effeat of slavery 1 can't no longer stand. 


Mr. Hammond is a wealthy planter in Carol County, M.D. 

Mr. Hammond's w'.fe was a daughter of a wealthy planter b/ the 
name of Major Johnson. At his death he left her six slaves, the younger 
ones to be free at the age ot 25 years and the older ones for her to take 
care of until they died. 

She was very good to her slaves. Uncle Jefif and Aunt Ceily being 
on the old list. Nancy was housemaid and Alfred their carriage driver. 
Uncle Jeff sp . nt the most of his time sitting in the corner smoking his 

Mr. Hammond had three children. Miss Polly, Miss Safrona and 
Master Norman. Miss Safrona, a line looking young lady of 16 years, 
was very wild and playful. She thought a great deal of Alfred and it 
kept Aunt Ceily busy trying to keep her out of the kitchen. She often 
had to take the broomstick to drive the young master out to keep him 
from Nancy, while it kept Uncle Jeff busy jumping up with iiis staff 
trying to keep order. Alfred conies in, speaks to the old man, wants to 
know his age, &c., when the old man tells him the first time be was sold 
he heard his master say he was born in 1790 ; it does the old man so 
much good to give a history of his past life, what a good man he was and 
what a fighter, &c. 

By this time Miss Safrona comes skipping out, she makes for Alf 
and in the tussel knocks the old man over, when Aunt Ceily threatens 
to call her mother out and send her in the house. 

Nancy comes runniug out screaming and her young master, 
Norman, after her. In the scuffle the old man is tumbled over again. 
The old lady and old man try to run them out again. 

Miss Safrona wants to take a drive, comes out after Alf, when her 
brother interferes, and tells her she shall not go out again without her 
sister went with bdr. She got very ai.gry iinl goes into a madhystericril 
fit, when her m jther runs out and remonstrates with her. Nancy goes 
after the camphor, but Norman puts hartshorn to her no^e and she soon 

The mistress orders the horse hitched up and she would go. 




vud it 




ts to 


I so 


Mr. Hammond has not got much love for Alf, he thinks he is Hpoiled, 
and thinks he is a little too fresh. He falls upon a plan ta sell him as he 
did one before and make out that he had ran ofiF on the Undergroand 
Kailroad. He writes to Mr. Woodfork, a slave trader, to come down. 
Mi'. Wuo;lfork comes, Nancy is called to bring in some wine and she 
listens to the conversation at the crack of the door. Mr. Woodfork 
wanted to see him, but Mr. Haramond told him he was the carriage 
driver and he knew who he was. The sale was made with the nuder- 
standing that he (Woodfork) would sell him as far south as he could so 
his folks could not see him or know where he was. 

Nancy did not lose much time in running iu and telling her mistress. 

Mrs. Hammond comes out and says is this Woodfork? Yes 
madam. Have you bought my boy ? Yes, I bought one. 

Mrs. Hammond makes things pretty lively around there for a while. 
She also flnda out he bad sold the other one to him that she thought had 
run off. She threatens Woodfork and her husband to make them suffer 
for selling her property. She drives Woodfork out with a chair and 
then goes for her husband and a general house*fight takes place, all the 
children and slaves fighting for their mother and mistress, the old man 
playing a prominent patt most of the time under their feet. Also Clnff, 
a 10 year-old boy who is always in mischief and as troublesome as Peck's 
Bad Boy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Johnson of West Virginia were going to take a trip to 
Philadelphia to see her mother, &o. Mrs. Johnson sat reading. Mr. 
Tohnscn comes in. Come Mol, it's tima you were getting ready. Mrs. 
J.->Is it time to get ready ? Yes. Well, I don't feel much like going, I 
feel like something's going to happen, Nonsense, nonsense, get ready, 
what's the matter? Weil, I am afraid they might run away with the 
house, but I guess we can trust them for a few dayti. 

They got ready, Mrs. Johnson calling the housemaid, giving her a 
lecture and instructions how to take care of the place, &o. They got 
ready and left, bidding all good-bye. 

They had told Betsy some time previous to their going the time they 
intended to leave, so Betsy and the servants made arrangements to have 
a big pirty oti that night. She sent out her invitations all around and 
got ready for a big time. 

Instead of going to Philadelphia, they changed their mind and only 
wuuu cv ' '" as Petersburg and returned back that night. When they got 
naar home tiiey ^eai'd fiddling and dancing. They watched them to 
their satisfaction auci opened the door and walked in, and then the 
trouble came — some jumping :nt of the window, turn stricken, running 
in all directions, knocking Mr. and Mrs. Johnson down aud running over 

While they all are having a good time, before the arrival of their 
master, Betsy would sing— "Joy yourselves, joy yourselves ladies and 
gentlemen, marse gone to Philadelphia, left me all the keys." 

AbDut this time t)ie master comes. 

Ho ! the car of emancipation 
Rides ma)«8tic through our nation. 
Bearing on its train the story 
Liberty a nation's glory. 


Boll it along, roll it along, roll it 

Through the nation freedom car 


All true friends of emancipation 
Haste to freedom's railroad station, 
Quick into the cars get seated 
All is ready and completed. 



i'uton the steam, pnt on the steam, 

put on the steam, 
They are all trying, liberty a nation's 


Baihoad to emancipation 
Can not rest on clay's foundation 
And the road that Polk directs us 
Leads to Slavery and to Texas. 


Pull np the rails, pull up the rn-W", 

pull up the rails. 
They all are trying, liberty a nation 



May be sun^' to the tune Oh ! Susannah. 

I'm on my way to Canada, 

That free and happy land. 
The dire effects of slavery 

I can no longer stand ; 
My soul is vexed within me so. 

To think I am a slave, 
I'm now resolved to strike the 

To freedom or the grave. 

Cho — Ohl righteous Father 
Wilt thou pity me 
And aid me on to Canada, 
Where colored men are 

I heard old master pray last 

I heard him pray for me. 
That God weuld come with all 
His might. 

From Satan set me free. 
If I from Satan would escape 

And flee the wrath to come ; 
If there's a fiend in human shape 

Old master must be one. 

Ofo— Oh ! Oh ! master, 

While you piay for me, 
- I'm doing all I can to reach 
The land of liberty. 

I heard that Queen Victoria said 

If we would all forsake 
Our native land of slavery, 

And come across the lake. 
That she was standing on the shore, 

With arms extended wide. 
To give us all a peaceful home 

Beyond the rolling tide. 

Cho— Farewell! old master. 

That's enotigh for me, 
I'm just in sight of Canada, 
Where colored men are free.