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Full text of "Atlas manuale, or, A new sett of maps of all the parts of the earth, as well Asia, Africa and America, as Europe [microform] : wherein geography is rectify'd by reforming the old maps according to the modern observations ; and the coasts of all countries are laid down, agreeable to Mr. Edmund Hallex's own map : which is not done in any before extant : this being the first whole sett of maps that agrees with the observations and corrections that have been made by the astronomers and travellers of this age : the maps are fairly engraven on copper; and the scale is large enough to shew, not only the province but also all considerable cities, and the towns too of chiefest note"

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Atlas Manuals: 

Or, A New Sett of 

M A P 

Of all the Parts of the Earth, 

AS WELL 

ASIA, AFflllCA znd AUE^I^^ICA 

AS ^ 

EUROPE. . 

WHEREIN 

By Reforming the Old i^Aps a^dmg to flMp> 

Modern Ohjhvatwns. 
And the Coafts of all Countries are laid down, 

""^^wK -^^ ¥!f ^'^'^"'''^ ^l%*5 own Man. 
Which IS not done m any ocfore extant, ^' 

This being the Firft whole Sett of Maps that a|;rees 
with the Obfervations and Corrections chat have been ma^ by the 

ASTUONOMERS and TRAVFI TFPg .r .1.:. >g. 
The Maps are fairly Engraven on Coffer ; and the Scale is 
large enough to jhew, not only '^* pp^.^-,^,-.^ hut alfi 
att confiderable ^p-jyn and the.-^^J^:ponfW^^^ 
Mofily ferPrmPhy hhr v/a M Mm y. 



T^ O N D V A' 



Printed for ^ and <V V/ in Pa 

and j; ciiUi ^'^ ^^ fautiaiiitch-y^iTd, 



in Pater^Nofier^-Roiif f 



MDCGIX, 



r ■■»!■ 



u 



Advertifement : 

Concerning this Sett of 



/ ■' 



M APS 

A N D T H E 

CorreHion of Longitude 

By Modern Obfetv'^tioa 

T He Art of making UA?^ and Sca-Gha^ts, is anlnventioh^f 
fucli vaCt u(e to Mankind, that perhaps there is nothing 
for which the World is more endebted to the KVudious Labour| 
of Ingenious Men. For by the help of them Geography is 
made plain and eade, the Mariners are dire£bed in fetching us 
the Commodities of the moft didant Parts.^ and by the he)p 
of them, we may at home, with Pleafurc, lurvey the feverjil 
Countries of the World, and be informed of the Situation, Oi» 
ftance. Provinces, Cities and remarkable Places of every Nation. 
To do this with Exaftnefs, was an Art ( to be fure ) not eaftly 
attainM ; it was not one Man, nor one Generation of Men, that 
could bring it to any reafonable Perfefbion ; and accordingly, 
tho' it was very Early begun , it is but now in our Days that a 
Method is found out» whereby Maps may be truly Corre£bed. 

Even fo early as ^««.<«/i««if^^ the Difciple and Succeflbr of 
thaUi^ Geographick Tables, or Maps have had a Being : A plain 
DemonQrration of the Valueof this Science ; (inceit began with 
the beginning of Literature. We are told AUxMder carried 
Callifihenes with him to Bahyhn, Co o^akea MapofhisConquefts; 

"and 



^ 



11 



Adv€rtifement. 



.1 



and undoubtedly the Creeks and Rtmsnt had Geographi- 
cal Tables of all their Countries, tho* none of cm have been 
prefervM to our Days, except that which (hews their Vn^ 
^Icilfulnefs in making them , I mean the Ancient Map 
of the Roman Empire flill extant, under the Name of the 
Petitingerian Table.s, from Conr. Peutinger, a Learned Gentleman 
of Auishurgy to whom we are beholden for the Publication of 
chem. Thole Tables contain an Itinerary of the whole Empire 
frpm tVtJi to Edfi, with the diftance bf Towns by Menfuration } 
but then the Seas, Defarts and Forefts, being not Travel'd 
through or Meaiut'd, are not fet down in their true Form, the 
Latitude or Breadth from North to South, being not at all regard- 
ed. This to befure muft have been the general Fault, before*- 
Afttonomy was made to afllfl; Geography, which had been 
faintly attempted by divers, but never effected by any *;efore 
Ptoltny. 

CUudius Ptolemdus a very Learned Aftronomer, who flourifhed 
at Alexandria under the Keign of Antoninus the Philofopher, 
making ufe of all preceeding Di^cove^ies^ and jovning the Ob- 
iervations of HipparcbuSf Timocharis and the Babylonianst with 
thofe of his own, formed the Syftem of the IJniverfe, flill 
known by his Name ; and prefcribM the Methods of difcover- 
ing Longitude and Latitude, by Obfervatlon of the fix'd Stars, 
and the Courfe of the Planets ; inventing alfo the Meridians 
and Parallels, the better to direct: the exact placing of Towns on 
the Map i and himfelf publiih*d a Sett of Maps, which were 
made u(e of for many Ages. ^ 

But iince the invention of the Mariners Compafs, and the 
great increafe of Navigation by the help of it, we have been 
able to vidt all thofe mofl: diftant Places that Ptolemy had but 
imperfefl; Accounts of ; have efpeclally difcoverM that he was 
very much miftaken in his Accounts of Longitude^ and that all 
Maps hitherto extant are vaftly erroneous in the Situation o^ 
l^laces Eaftward. The Fault in General was computing the 
Degrees on the Earth Bifter than would anfwer to thofe in the 
Heavens, and thereby making Places to f«em farther diftant 
from thefirfl: Meridian than they really are : Thus France, Italy, 
Gfeece, Sec were by little and little fo extended, and the Medi- 
terranean Sea thereby Co much lengthened, that upon exaft 
Obfervarion it is found, at Scanderoon, no lefs than 13 Degrees 
were gain'd, and the Voyage thither reprefeoted as too Leagues 
longer than it is. And the farther we go Eaftward,the greatet 
is the Error, the Coafts of India being laid ao Degrees too far 
Eaft, and Ckna zi Degrees beyond its true Situation. This . 

fault 



w 

J 



jraphi- 
; been 
ir Un- 
Map 
of the 
tleman 
ition of 
Empire 
iration ; 
'ravcl'd 
•m, the 
regard- 
, before- 
id been 
*jefore 



uriihed 
>ropher, 
the Ob- 
tst with 
rfe, ftill 
ifcovcr- 
d Stars, 
[eridians 
owns on 
:h were 



ind the 
ve been 
lad but 
he was 
hat all 
ition o^ 
[ing the 
in the 
diftant 
c, Italy, 
Medi- 
n exaft 
[Degrees 
eagues 
greatet 
Itoo far 
This 
£iule 



w 



Advmifement. iii 

fault had like to have proved fatal to Mr. Damfier and his 
Company : For when they ftood off from the South-Sea to 
the R»fi'lndtett they found the Voyage 500 Leagues longer 
then the Maps reprefented it, and themfelves almoft (larv*d 
by trufting to *em. But as by Aftronomy, Geography was 
at /irft Corre^d ; fo the Amendment of theft; Errors is ow« 
ing to the great Improvement now made to that Science, and 
the exquifite Ingenuity and Induftry of modern Aftronomers ^ 
who by the aflmance of excellent Trlefcopes and other In- 
ftniments of modern Invention, have made very considerable 
Difcoveries in the Heavens, and thereby found Out a way of 
afcertaining Longitude as well as Latitude at Land, and cor- 
rcfbing the Maps to a perfect exaftnefs. 

This method is by Obfervation of Edipfes ; whofe beginning 
at Londtn or Pgrit being exafikly calculated, and thereby certainly 
Predi^ed, and the beginning of the fame Eclipfe being ob« 
fervM at any diftant Place, tne difference of Time is certainly 
known, and 1 5 Degrees being allowed to an Hour, the diftance 
may be fix'd to a few Miles. The Eclipfes of the Sun and Moon 
only,* were at firft madeufeof to this purpofe; butasthofb 
occur but feldom^ and are vifiblein fome certain Places only,the 
Obfervations could not be often made, and therefore this great 
Work would have been long a doing, if the difcovery of the 
SsteSitet of Jupiter and their Edipfes had not afforded a new, 
and very confiderable help to it ; for thefe being four in num- 
ber that make a continual Circuit round that Planet, there hap- 
pens almoft every day an Edipfe of one or other of them. 

The SateBitet of Jupiter were difcoverM ^y Galiiep, the E- 
clipfes of them by Huygens, the Theory of thiem formed by the 
Academy of Sciences at Parh, and the Eclipfes firft calculated 
for a whole Year by Mr. FUmfieud, and together With the Me- 
thod of computing Longitude thereby, communicated in the 
PhiloftPhical TranfaiHon: of December, 1683. Since which Time 
an Ephemerik of them is annually calcu^ted, and Obiervarions 
for corre£Hng Geography, are very commonly r^;ie abroad.. 
Thus this great U'ork of diicovering Lmgitude, v hich was 
thought impoflfible, is in a great meafure performed ; the Longi- 
tude any where on Land ^ being certainly taken-, and thereby 
the Coafts and*Situation of Towns exaaly laid down , and 
perhaps in Time the Art may be fo improved as to be pra£^ica- 
ble at Sea too. At leaft if Ships were fent out to make thcic 
Obfervations, at all the Capes and Head-Lands round the Globe, 
the Seamen would be able to Corrcft their Reckonings very 
often in long Voyages. 

This 






iv . Acherttfement, 

This being jpremired, viz That there is a wav of afcertain^ 
ing the Situation of places Esft and JVefi^ as well as Notth and 
Swthf and that many Obfervations have been made in diftant 
parts of the Earth, whereby the Coafts and chief Towns have 
iwen brought to their rijB;ht Situation in the Map, and thofe 
l)eing known; fmaller Towns, and other Places dependent 
correfted by *em : To evince that S»nfmt, and all the Maps 
Ibrmerly PublifliM were exceedingly Erroneous, and that the 
Sitt »f Maps tont»ined in this Book Mre Correff, We ihall let down 
a few of thofe many Obfervations that have been made, and 
fubjoyn a Table ot the Difierences between thofe Obfervations 
and the common Maps, viz. 

Pan's by Obfervation is found to be a Degrees ay Minutes 
tsji from Lorleltn. Breji 4 D. ly M. Weft from Lou J. Madrid 
3 D. 37 M. If^tft from Lond. Rome i} D. Eaft from Lond. 
Copenhagen IiD. n ^^ Dantztck 19 D. Mofcovf 38 D. 45: M. 
^/#j>^*38rD. 45 M [Philof. TranfaSf. June i6i-i. Feb. t6gi.] At 
the Cape of Good Hope P. Tacherd made an Obfervat. by the Sa- 
tiUites. June KSSy, and found it to be 14 D. 30 M. Eaft from 
Paris. [Voyage de Syant.] Aden in Jrabia near the Mouth of 
the Red'Sea, by Obfervation is found to be 47 D. 30 M. Eaft 
from Lond. Cape Comorin by Obfervation is found to be 7<J D. 
Mfft from Lond.^ Bombay on the Weftern Coaft of India, is 
found to ^ be 7 a D. 30 M. Eaft from London. Fort St. George 
80 D(g. from London. [PhilofTranfaSi. "June 1^83. & Obfervat, 
JPhyf. & Math : Envoy es At Acad, de Pan's.] An Eclipfe of the 
JMoon being by Mr. HaSey^s Dire£l:ion obferv'd at Baflafore m 
the Bzy of Bengali, by Mr. Benja. Harry, and the fame Eclipfe 
. obferv'd at London by Mr. Hallcy, at Dantzick by Mr. Hevelius, 
and at Avignon by Mr. Gallct the Meridional Di fiance between 
that Place and London, was found to be 87 D. [PhUof Tranf. 
Feb. i6Si.] P. CamiUe and P. Beza, by Obfervation of the 
Satellites:, Sept. ap. 1689. at Malacca found that Place to be $<} 
D. 4S M. Eaft from Paris. The Weft Point of Java is obferv'd 
to be 140 D. ^<»/?from Lo7td. Syaniby Obfervation ofanEcliple 
of the Moon by P. Tackard 98 D. 30 M. Eaft from Paris. Kimpo 
ontbe Eaflern Coaft ofcAmi*, Obfervation by P. Noel. 117 D. 
k9M. Eaft from JParis. [obfer. Phyf& Math] The Weftern 
Coaft of America was ftrecht out too far, as Mr. Halleys Obfcr- 
vatioos in his late Voyage make appear, Cape AUguftin on the 
Co:t(^hf Bra/il, being 35 D. Wefl from Loud, notwithftanding t'-.e 
p,r/W Maps lay it down in a j. And CajLc Frio on the fame 
Goad (under the Tropick), is 4a D. 30 M. fVeft from London. 



'Twould 



AdfvertiJtmtHU f 

'Twould be tedious to enumente all the Obfervations that 
hive been made { thele we have mentionM are at fuch diftanc 
Parts, that almoft all our Maps may be examined by *em, and 
ihall trouble the Readei «rith only theie two more, viz. 

Frunet in the former Maps of it had been extended fevera! 
Degrees on every fide, fo that the Kingdom was made to ieem 
exceedingly larger than it is, but this has been corre6led by 
many Years labour of the Academy of Sciences at P<in#, and a 
New Majp correftly made, according to their Oblervations, 
was publiih*d at Pgrit, from which this in our CoUeflion ia 
copied. 

Mufcrvy on the other hand, had been contrafled in its South- 
ern Fart near 150 Milei; for the Pulus MMtit was made to rife 
up to the 52 Deg, of Latitude, and the City ofAufht is plac'd 
in r I Deg. N. Lat. bv Sunfon and the Diaeb Maps. But (ince 
the ConqUeft of that Place, the Ctar has caufed an aClual Sur- 
vey to be made of the Country South from Aiofctw, and of the 
Courfe of the River Don, whereby it appears that jtzofh lies 
in 47 D. and that the Courfe of that River is very much dif- 
ferent from what was formerly reprefented, as may be feen in 
comparing the old Maps with that in this Book, which is Co- 
pied from that Survey. 

Abundante of other grofs Errors in former Maps, correiled 
in this Sett, might be mention*d, (uch as the HeMi cjf the River 
tJile )aid down it Deg. that is, 900 Miles more South than ic 
really is, the CsJfian'Sts, being made of Oval Form from EsB 
to ft^tltt whereas in Truth *tis almoft an oblong Souare frora 
North to South; and many more, which to avoid tiring tho 
Reader, we omit, and leave it to his own Obfervation to 
difcover. 

But to apply thele Obfervations to our Maps, it muil be 
remembred that the Degrees of Longitude in them are com- 
puted from the firft Meridian* which was iix*d at Tenerijfif be* 
fort the Fireneb remov*d it to the Ifland Fnrr§ a D. 30 M. more 
JVeft; but the Obfervations we here let down being deduced 
from London, which is 17 D. 30 M. £4^ from Tenmfft, or 39 
from Ferro, an Addition muft be made of ib many Degrees in 
places Eaft ward, or Subtraction proportionate for places Weft- 
ward ; and then the true Longitude of thefe Places as they 
ought to ftand in the Maps will appear thus, 



ViZ. 



Tiuf 



^f 



Jr-r 



Of 



... -s, 
.no? 



True L o N G 1 T u 



tonf fude frbm iMd^n by Ob- 
fervation. 

D. M. 



"X3 U»^ 






4.lM«r. ., 


IPariJ. 


. I. a J. Baft. 




Madrid. 


3. 37. Weft 


„ > 'J u*a> '.:••■ 


Rome. 


ij. — E. 




Copenhagen. 


12. 53. E. 




.Dantztck. 


J9. — E. 


> j.-'v 


Conftantinople. 


3?. 30. E. 


• 


Mofcow. 


38. 4?. E. 


,. .*'\ - 


Aleppo. 


3«. 4J. E. 




Cane Good Hope. 
Aden. 


itf. 5f. E. 


«■ 1'. '• 


47. 30. E. 


.*■'' ( 


Bombay. 
Cape Cdmorin. 


72. 30. E. 


■< y 


75.- 


■ ' 


Fort S^. George. 


80. — 


t. ■ 


Ballafore. 


»7. - 


■- ■ .. , ..-. 


'IMaUtca. 


101. 10. 




Syam. 

Weft Point of Jwii. 


100. sy, 


f 


104.— 


h^:. 


Kinipo inChiM. 


lao. 93. 


"* ' 


Pekim. 


117. 4?. 


J* 


Cipe AiJgniHnin Br/tp. 


"••^ JX- 




Ca^jc Frio. 


49. 30. W. 



fWw Tenerif. 



D. 

19. 

M. 

39. 
30. 
36. 

49- 
5(f. 

5<5. 

34- 
tfj. 

93- 

97- 
104. 

J I J. 

fi8. 
121. 

137. 

ns- 

341. 
334* 



M. 

n 

30. 

23. 

30. 

«y. 
25. 



30. 
30. 
30. 
40. 

ay. 

30. 

53. 

>y. 

30. 

30. 



^m Ft 



D. 

22. 
16. 

3J. 
32. 
39- 
51. 

58. 

58. 
3<J. 
<S7. 

92. 
9^. 

00. 
07. 
23. 
20. 
24. 
40. 

37- 

♦r- 

37' 



2 
4 



By this Table may be (ecn the diffirrence between t^e ) v Obferv 

and the Old Maps, ^nd thereby it appears, that Jiuii§ n laid almo 

is, and Cibifitf no lefs than. 500, Leagues too far to the ft. " 

thei'e lb greit, as to lay that City 135 Miles too ftr off, *' 
in Old Map feems at leai^ 49 Miles more than it is. 

agree with che Obfervations, and confequently whether j ..« „«j 

Maps. Biitit is liecelTary to Adyertiie, that the four G iral Map: 

£ngrareq accordiiig to the Old, that foby comparing particul 
miy the ^better appear. 



ff. Nay, 

the difta 

thefe 1 

y are no 



\xt Longitude. 



iWw Tenerif. 



D. 
19. 

n- 

3»- 
30. 

36. 

49- 
5<f. 
55. 
34- 

pp. 

93- 

97- 

104. 

lip. 

118. 
III. 
137- 

ns- 

341- 
334» 



M. 
55- 

n 

30. 

13- 

30. 

»y 

25- 



30. 
30. 
30. 

40. 

ay. 

30. 

53. 

»y- 

30. 

30. 



frtm Ftrro. 



D. M. 



1:. 

16. 

33- 
3»' 
39- 
5». 
j8. 

J8. 
3<5. 
<J7. 
92. 
9^. 
00. 
07. 
23. 
I20. 

I40. 

37. 

137- 



:c between t|ie 
irsy that Jndi§y 
too far tothej 
lies too &r off) 
^re than it is. 
mently whether 
that t|ie four " 
>y cbmparing 



2J. 

a3. 

53 

30. 
45- 
45- 
55- 

30. 

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23. 
45. 



Crronioufly Placed in the com* 
mon Maps. 



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4a' 

<I5. 

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38. 

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112. 

116. 
1x9. 
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343- 



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168. 


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160. 


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347. 


— 


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343. 


— 



Obfervations, which are according to the Truth, 
Jaid almoft 400 Leagues further off, than it really 
W. Nay, to go no tarther than Atmr, the fault is 
[the diftance between GmoM and Rnmtt meafurM on 

thefe Tables will alfo be feen how thefe Mans 
ly are not rather to be coniiilted than the Old 
p] Maps o(Eitrop9» M»i Jfi'ics and jtmtries^ttt 

particutor Maps with them, the Ifm CmiBim 



\ 



A TABLE <?f/foMAPS comund 

in this Volume^, 









I npHe WORLD. 

X 2 EUROPE. 

3 England. 

4 Scotland. 

5 Ireland. 

6 France. 

7 Flanders unA the tther Pro- 

njinits «/ the Spaniih 
Netherlands. 
% Holland tmi the other Pro- 
vinces of the Vnittd Ne- 
therlands. 

9 Germany. . 

10 SwifTerland. 

J I Savoy snd Piedmontk 
J 2 Italy. 

13 Spain «»// Portugal. 

14 Scandinavia in general with 

Ifeland. 

15 Denmark. 
36 Sweeden. 
J 7 Poland. 

18 Mufcovy or the Ruflian 

Empire- 

19 Hungary. 

ao Greece and the other Coun- 
trier Suhjelf to the Turks 
in Europe. 

II A S I A /n General. 
J\ 22 Turkey in Afia 

with Arabia. 
33 Aria-Minor,Syria,Chaldea, 
Mefopotamia, Armenia , 
Georgia, the Black Sea and 
Crim-Tartary. 

24 The Holy Land or Judsa, 

divided into the Territories 
of the Twelve Tribes. 

25 Pcrfia. 

.a6 Grand Tartary. 

27 The Main Land «/ India 1. e 
the Empire of the Great 
Mo,iul: And Pegu, Toii- 
qgiin, Syam, &c. 



28 The tflands of the Indian 

Sea. 

29 The Empire ^ChJna. 

30 A F R I C A in gene- 
JLX , ral. 

\ Barbary «»//Biledu]gerid. 
c Egypt and Barca. 

32 Zaara, Negrdland, Gui<* 
nea, &e. 

33 Abyflinia 47;flf Nubia. 

34 Lower Ethiopia; Congo, 
Angola, Monoemugi and 
Monomotapa; together with 
theCoa/lsoftheCifftcs and 
Zanguebar. 

3f A MtKlC A in general. 

XjL 3^ The N. E. part vf 
America, vix. Louifana, 
New Mexico, New Grana- 
da, &e. together with the 
tfle California. 

37 The N. W. part, viz. Hud- 
fon^s Streights and Bay. 
Terra Labarador or New- 
Britain, Canada ar New- 
France. The Engliih Em- . 
pire, and Newfoundland. 

38 The Kingdom of Mexico, or 
New Spain divided into 
itsfot:r Audienza*s. 

39 Terra Firma, wi$^ the An- 
ti lie and Caribbec Iflands. 

4Q The Kingdom of Peru, and 
the inland Country Ama* 
zonia. 

41 Brafil divided into its Cap- 
tainjhips. 

42 Paraguay and the other 
Countnys lying on both fides 
the great Rivir dela Plata. 

43 Chiii, Magellanica, the 
Streights and Terra deJ 
Fuogo. 



,,«-- r;-"'*? 



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