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rnOFEHSOE or KNOUSH literature in the university of PENNSYLVANIA • 








( ! 


The publishers of Reid's Enoush Dictionary solicit 
the^altenuon of Professors. Tutors, and Students to tl.i. 

Notwithstanding its eompaet si.e, and distinctness of 
typo, It compnses forty thousand words. I„ addinon to 
the correct orU.oepy, this manual of words contara, fou^ 
invaluable improvements : 

1. The primitive word is given, and then follow the 
imme^,ate derivatives in alphabetic order, with the part of 
speech appended. *^ 

tor!; t^' "'" •^^™"^''' '^°"^' " "'^=«^<1 A« original 
tom whence it is fonned. with the name of the langLo 

from which it is derived. ° '' 

3 There is subjoined a Vocabulary of the Roots of 
English words; by which the accurate purport of them 
IS instantly discoverable. ,i " • 

4 An Accented List, to the n^nber of fifteen thou 
sands, of Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Name,^, 

use of schools and families and is far iuperio, ,o «> 
otiier existing compilation. ' 

Ntw York, May 13, 184S 



Rjid's Dictionary of the English Language is an admirable book foi 
the we ©I schools. Its plan combines a greater number of desirable con- 
ditions for such a work, than any with which I am acquainted: and it 
seems to me \o bo executed in general wiih great judgment, fidelity, and 

C. S. Henry, 

Professor of rhilosophy, History, and Belles Lettres, 
In the University of the City of New York. 
April 28, 1845. 

Phillips Scliool, Boston, May 2, 1845. 
I have partially examined the Dictionary which you are publishing, 
dnd am much pleased with the plan and execution of the work, so far as 
I have been able to peruse it. Much matter is condensed into a small 
compass. All words in good use are selected and clearly defined. Each 
word is 60 marked as to indicate its pronunciation, and the value of tho 
work is much enhanced by containmg the derivation of every word. I 
hope it will meet with that share of patronage which it richly deserves. 

Samuez. S. Greene, 
♦ Master of the Phillips School 

Boylston School, May 2, 1845. 
I fully concur in the opinions expiessed by Mr. Green, and should b« 
wuch pleased by the introduction of the Dictionary into ourpuUic schools 

T. Baeer, 
Principal of the Boylston Schoo*. 


Aft.r ™cl, an cxa„i„..i„„ „f ., Uoii-, E„g,M, Diciona^,,. „, , ,,„, 

Is" n™, ' ' ""' '"f^'y '"y "»' I -HBidcr i. aupL ,o any " 
ll.a School D,ct,o„ario. „i,h which I am ac,i.auUed. li, aocumo a^d 
oonc«„,io„s. and a vocabulary of ,he rooU orEngM 311^ 

M. P. Parkb, 

U. 8. Military Acade.„y. West Poln, 7th ApSl'"' "' '"'""' "' ^'^''"• 

I have examined Reid's English Dictionarv wT*'''''!' '''^"' ''''•,. Pleased .iU, it. The p^Ian' if I^ZrlC aX; h^eT 
den ,y bestowed great attention to minute accuracy in the det^L o^ex;! 
cution. I hope to see the book extensively used. 

John Frost, 
Professor Belles Lottres, Philadelphia High School. 

satLa « on 3 t t . '',""''' I^-tionary with much interest and 

Batisfaction, and take great pleasure in recommending it as admirably 
adapted for usefulness in oUr common schools. The judicious omi^i"^? 
antiquated and obsolete words, has enabled the author to condeZthl 
work w,thm small compass, and yet retain every word m our ill, g^^ 
wluch ,s sancfoned by any modem writer of competent authority ^tS 
evident care and pains taken in the department of orthoepy, the accurate 
conform.tyof the ortkograpky to the best authorities, and the elaborate 
e.y»^o%.aZ learning it exhibits, combine to render this D c^ ;; a 
worko£ smgular merit for schools and families, for which it appear7to 
have been specially designed by its author. The vocabulary of The Its 
of Enghsh words, and the extensive list of accented classicaUnd scripTure 
proper names are m^portant and valuable additions, which cannot fail ta 
be appreciated, especially by teachers of schools, for whom it will furnish 

:r:t ir^"^^ " -' '--'-' '- ^^- -y «^ t^« '^^etiona' 

D. Meredith Reese, 
Sui.enntendent Common Schools for the City and County of Ne^v Yotk. 


f« • J « .J, ^. N«w York, Aug. 14th, 1845. 

X exammed Se.d'. Dictionary of the English Language when it fi« 
came out, with considerable care ; and. as far as I am capable of forming 
an opmion. I look upon the plan of this work to be very judicious, and 'Z 
execution remarkably accurate. I trua that its republication hero will 
promote an object in itself confeswdly desirable, but heretofore too little 
attended to. nameIy.-uniformity. both in the use and the pronunciation 
of words, amongst all who .peak the English language. In furtherance 
of this design, I think it a happy circumstanee that the Meesm. Appleton 
are enabled to offer to the American public, editions from the identical 
rtereotype plates from which the English edition was prmted ; ina-much 
as the value of such a work, so far as pronunciation is concenied, must 
depend upon the accuracy with which the minute points of its typography 
have been executed. /i~s 1- *y 

JoNA. M. Wainwriqiit 


Reids English Dictionary contains-firet, a Dictionary of 40 000 
words, arranged alphabetically under their roots, and defined more accu- 
rately than IS usual m abridgments; second, a vocabulary of 3,000 foi- 
eign roots of the English language, with examples of derivatives under 
each ; thu-d, an accented list of 15,000 Latin, Greek, and Scripture proper 
names. ^ i'»"i«'« 

After a careful examination, I am convinced that the work has stronc 
claims npon the attention of teachers generally. It is of convenient size, 
beautifully executed, and seems well adapted to the use of scholars, from 
the common schocj to the university. 

D. H. Chase. 



Reids Dictionary of the English Language appear to have been com- 
pUed upon sotind principles, and with judgment and accuracy. It ha. 
the ment, too, of combining much more than is usually looked for in Dic- 
tionaries of small s;ze, and will, I believe, be found excellent as a conve- 
nient manual for general use and reference, and also for various purpose. 
WMucation. *^ 

Henry Seed, 

Profcsorof English Literature In the Univenlty of Pennsylvania. 





T.« publi,h.« of this ediUon aro enabled, by the „„chM, of c^ 
^m depute, of .he origiaal edition, .0 i»„e « book'^XlT 
«lly correeponding with the volume printed m Edinbarrt ^T 
been ,e,ueeted by them to fnmieh „ in.rod„ct"n toS,Itition d 
=e,beca„» .he diotionaT, appears to have been comT^ZTl^a 
pr,nciples, and with judgment and accuracy. I. haa ho mr 3 «t 
combmmg much more th«> i. Mually looked for in 1^7^!? 
»a.l eize and will, I believe, be fonnd^ .coUontt "c 1'!^: 
for general nee and reference, and aUo for variomi p„T„„ea of educTrn 
It would plainly bo inappropriate to mtroduce here elaborate orl. 
matter in a work that has been prepared with mncirC^ Z^^hoT 
a«l,,p and good aenee, and perhape the b™t nse it ia within my abiavt 
<nako of a few introdnctory pages, wUl be to give them .7^ 
celianeeuaauggeation. and aelectiona. mtended in «>me CoTo It 

^dTh. heToT."" 1 T ""■-'" °" ""'^"Se should be l^L" 
and the help that may be fonnd m this volume 

Our English language is spreading fast and far over the world b» 
Br. »h colon,zat,on and American .ettlemont, and wherever .1^^ 

law and that laerature which are the joint inheritance and pos^on rf 
.11 who speak the tongue. It becomes then a great trust, brmginTwi* 
.t the duties and responsibilities of a .rust, to every on, to wh™^ 

eare and a etndy. It is a subject which especiaUy, now and he» w. 
«»t tak. heed to , for tl.„ iUgh-wrongh. Xy .''."i.*'!!' 



of neceHBily. a causo of l.aaty. loose, and wrongful use of worcli-Uie 
neglect of good old onoB. and the raal. adoj.tion of spurioun now o,.e» 
Excellent words and excellent idioms are over in dungo. of pcrishii,. 
ho tongues and the pe,»s of men are often losing them, either by igno- 
anco-perhaps ignorance in one of its most troublesome shapes-that of 
J^uiry, or ,t may be by licentiousness. There is this reason too for 
our usmg words with more reflection and less at random, that wo may 
be able to discern whether or no there is error in the Americanisms wo 
are mefmea charged with. It is justly a term of reproach, like the 
bcotticmm. or Galhc^m. or British provincialism, if wo use a word 
^^h « an unauthorized and needless novelty; but the reproach is re- 
oeJed when we can show 4h«t a good word of other and older days hw 

ZonTh Ir 'T' f""^'' '' '" ^"^'^ ^"^y ^-- '^- --ths of 

men on the other s.da of the sea. In the changes that a language under- 
goes, there is no more delicate process than that by which it is enriched 
and improved, and none more subtle than its corruption and degeneracy 

But let it not bo thought that the dutiful safe-keeping and cultivation 
of one s language is merely matter of critical interest. There are highei 
considerations that enter into it. " Many years ago," says Coleridge, 
in convemng with a friend, I expressed my belief, that in no instance 
had the false use of a word become current without some practical ill 
consequence, of far greater moment than would prima aspectu hav« 
been thought possible. That friend, very lately referring to this remark, 
assured me that not a month had passed since then, without some in- 
stance m proof of its truth having occurred in his own experience : anc 
added, with a smile, that he had more than once amused himself with 
the thought of a verbarian attorney-general, authorized to bring infer- 
mation ex officio against the writer or editor of any work in extensive 
Circulation, who, after due notice issued, should pe;-severe in misusing a 
word. (« Church and State," ch. ii. note.) The history of language 
would supply not a few examples of this process by which words mislead 
our thoughts and give them a wrong practical direction. How much 
error, for instance, both in theory and practice, may be traced to the 
confusion of the terms education and instruction ! Again, for the per- 
ception of the beautiful we have the term taste, a metaphor takan from 
that which is passive in the body, and transferred to that which is 
active mthe mind; and it is reasonable to believe that the art of criti- 
cism has been lowered and narrowed by the utter inadequacy of the 
term to express the co-operating power which is demanded for the en. 
loymont of poetry and the fmo-urts. A more poj.ular example of tiii. 


fa « H,UcaU,r,„ ,ha. I.a. grow., .o b. ../f„,,,i„ ^.Z'. t f 

w rd z : :" ''°"'°' "° ""= ""'"""'"" " '""«" ""■' "- * 

r I ' T' ^ ;"«l'l"-"Pmto wl,on Ihu, applied . „„ ,„„ ,. „ . 

I d , trr!^ " -uUo„»ly proscribed,,-, ap. to be mi.„„d„r.,J 
...d pervortod, ,„ co,„„„„„c„ of faho i„,pros,io„, ,aisod hy the t,r.n 

oTr;:;,."""" °"" °"- °^ '-«»"^° ""■ °""'--i' -y >.» r- "/m 

Tho ,„oral ,elat,o„ of a la„p,ago to «,„ ,ho„g|,„ ,„d ,.,„„„ „f ,,,„ 

. i'™:'-;'' ;r'T'>'.•'°'"''''"'°«'"'*'"'°■••»-"•'»- 
^ UJ8, to o,.o of l„, llalia,, friend,. It ulls him ,hat it ougl.t „„t to I,. 

nought u matter of ™,all importanee, wl,ethor.l,o lang„ago„ " 1 1 
bo paro., corrupt, a„d wl,at is tho character of their daily ,peoI-tM 
.s „a oehef that, whenever a language become, h.accura'ea ,d tic ot 
the degeneracy of it will ,„o„ be followed by ,l,e downfall of hoTato' 
and a degraded and inglorion, condi,lo„-for when there i, a ,a.y o « 
l.oen.,o,« „,„ of word,, with ignorance „r carelcne,, of their genu , 
n,ean,„g„ not this, ho a,k„ one of tho plain ,nark, of „ peepLT 
pm c,plod and slnggish, and f„n ready for .omo slavery or otho Bm 
o,, the 1, or hand, l,„ add,, there never wa, empire or ..ate, w^ieh 2' 
not flounsh more or le,„ so long a, , ho people dutifully eal.ivredheh 
ansuago and upheld it, character. To tbi, fine philosophy oft, E^ poe ,„ay bo added the reflection of a most thoughtm French 
:;":■! I O;--^-""-," observe. Do Maistre. "whcLr ndXa 
omational ,s stra,ghtway announced by a degradation exactly propor- 
,ona .„ th. language. How could man lose an idea,orevenrta. 
tegrtty and npr.ghtnes, of an idea, without losing the word or the .ecu 
racy of the word that expre^e, it ; and how, o'„ the cent ,;oa„h." 
have ether new or bettor thought, without it, beeomin. manife 1 1^, 
d,ately in his speech r (<. i„ Soirees * Saint-Pe^ZT'?' 

If these ,r„tl„ need historical illustration, tho student may bo „. 
m,nded of he jo,nt degeneracy of manner, and of speech in tha.Lrthll 
and w,cked period of English history, the time, of the se d C rL 

: :: rrr "T't ^^^^ "°'° '°"°"=^ "^ --- "^2 

««)» at ,h« Restoratto,,. Licentious,.^ ,' ,if„ and ribaldry of .peec" 



i^eptablo ^ a v.c.oua King and Court and almost tokens of a spurion, 
loyalty, were m close companionship. The stately and pedantic style ol 
a former generation, over-abounding iu Latinized and leam.d words 
gave plaoe to a free and easy f^hion of writing and speakin^. which' 
.fa consequence of loose living, served also to increase^and ::c^^^: 
It. It was the period of .or language when not only colloquial idioms 
and expressions were greutly m favour, but also that coarseness and vul- 
ganty which can be described only by a term provided by the vocaba- 
^ of those t.mes-sZa„g^; a corrupt dialect which Dryden could not 
withsuuxd, and which in «,n.e degree vitiated pulpit eToquence-now 

»h T^ """"l ^^""^ "' ^^''''' ^''"^' ^' ^^''fi^'d the reflection, 

which have been quoted above, as uttered by Milton, years before in his 
early manhood,and it may be added, that amid the general corruption. 

LcalTT "' f ''°^"'^^' '^' ^'™"' ^^°-' P-— d his purity! 
because though ,n the age, he was not of it-because in truth his «so^ 
was like a Stai> and dwelt apart." 

It will be seen in the statement given by the Compiler of this Die 
Uonary m his Preface, of 'he several rules which he prescribed forll 
execution o the work, that in them he recognizes the pLciole of genen^ 
and authontative ,.age-in the choice of words and in the^rtho^ary 
and pronunciation of them. This is indeed the true and only saffS 
.jp^, while there may, to be sure, b. in the apph^ 
*f It, from the difficulty of ascertaining such usage. Bui it is important 
^unde^tand that even when ascertained, it is'not the Jd "n ut 
var^nng standard which many expect to find it, and others hope to mako 
t. It IS not, and camrot be so in a living language. ^i, a pre- 
rous truth .n this metaphor of life, as applied to speech: thL Ta 
nealthy, vital action going on, which is as far removed from the feeble 
pro ongation of anUouated words as from the rash introduction of those 
that are needless as well as new. There is perpetual birth and deaTl 
among words: som. fall into disuse, are forgotten and die ; while others 
are happily created, and grow up in the language. We may speak o7 
general and authorized usage in our day, and m'ost impoZtt 
find and recognize it, but what is the nature of such usage may best be 
learnt from the history cf iho language. 
I have before me the English Dictionary entitled « The New World 

tr""^ ' u """" ^"^"'^'** "^ ^^^^' ^y E^'^^rd^ PhiJl'^, one of 

Milton 3 nephews and pupils. In the Preface, in noticing the derivation 
tf EflSlrsh verb, m t.^e from the Greek verbs, he adds that of lato the 


Mme teim:nation was given to common words, aa cimlize, naturalize 
sp^ntua^ize, " which humour of^' he census, « a^^a imml^ata 
mdulgonce as if ii was designed to raise a generation of ^d" ofTw 
sta,np out of any noun whatsoever-which extravagant luxuriance notl^n^ 

Irr Tt"^ ''"' " appended" A Collection of such affected 
w^ords from the Latm or Greek, as are either to be used warily, and up.n 
ocoasjou only, or totally to be rejected as Barbarous and illLlhr cZ 
pounded and derived." ^w in this list of what are styledt'^^ ^ 

^ee. wUh such words as these which have well survived-Z«^«pA, 
B^bl^ograpky, Evangelize, Eutkanaeie, Ferocious, ImprescriptibTe^lZ 
^m^cal,M^santkropisL^In a sermon preached m IGsCby Do^^^ 
Dean of St. Paul's, I find him remarking, « We have a word Zde^ 
zened, and brought into familiar use amongst us, compliment; and for 
the,mo.t part, m an iU sense." The word was already in use by Shak- 
apere, m one passage, however, (in 'As You Like It,') in a manner 

too ofT. T ''f '' "" " "^" "°''^- '' -- ^^'^ *^« «-ctio" 

too, of ^x.lton. and other writers of tha 17th century. It is said tha 

the language .s largely mdebted for the class of word, having the prefix 

tnter to the poet Daniel, (who died in 1624,) him who won L epitlet 

of 'welManguaged.' One of that group of words. ' intemaUonar 

now infrequent use, is attributed to as recent a writer as thelatriS^. 

Benthap,, who, happdy, however, failed in his attempt to intrude his 

other fcnnat.ons-^ multitude of strangely fashioned words. Jean 

Swift u: h|s Letter on the English language, addressed to the Earl of 

Oxford, wntten m 1711-12, speaks o( "those monstrous producdou^ 

appellations, have over-ron us for some years past" In an article on 
the meanmg of * CivUization,' m the Classic! Museum, (No. 3,) it ^ 
observed that "When Johnson published his Dictionary, ci^ilizattX^ 
^t become an establ^hed word in its modem acceptation. Johnson i^ 
«»rts ,t, but assigns to it only the legal sense of converting a criminal 
mto a civd proceeding. It occurs in Robertson and Warton; and i. 
used by Burke in his 'Reflections on Ihe French Revolution.'" It I 
also used by Gibbon. 

I have referred to these examples because we chance to be furnished, 
often mcidentally, with the date of the introducUon of the words W 
T«mo expre«.^iOi. of contemporary opinion on them. They servo to show 




f life ia ir tr "'"""'' ''°""'" '''™'«i' '"ve aa eta™ 

ho„ghtf„, paper „p„„ .^^^^^ OrthoZLy^ bv a\7""°"' '"'' 
«u./ e*, b, hi„ at .he Unive,.,., of Zl:;^,,? '^"'°'°^"=' *' 

wrong, it is by »„ means necessanr o exoTnde „I " ™.^"^» ="" 
from .he list of .hose elemen.s whS. iend bet ZZ .1 T r" 

::etra.ircrcri.;rf- -t -- -' -'—"-: 

powers, but in some in»asur« aT=« ianuence on the generative 

have been delnded and gl ^ " ^r'" ""'"" "■« '"^^ 

-o.„.ofeve^,ang;ag:r:aotltc. t7t: r M ''" 
overy people i„ ,he a.tempt .0 find voeal =1117, ^ ^'^ '^™' 

Aas,is guided by certain feeltogs rn^il^^ ,'f emotions and 
these feelings and notions, however a e to .hV ? ^ " °"''°^^' 
Kure, and may easilv hLjlTi, "■"stpart fatal and oh. 

.n=hiB.becase^i. Tt Jml ff""" '"'*'^""'- »"' -"»« 

-ur.obegotrid of orslres, rr °' "°'""'"""° '" '» - 
perpet„al,y^arried on in" vCJten? ""'""^' ""' '^'^^ "" "-» 
Who have endeavoured .0 :iT;:r:f.hor T ""' '^ "■°^" 
l.igh and deep .hongbts, by those whoCe b , 1.2' " "1"'" '" 
eaho vulgar into the harmonious whofe If a het„V "' "' 
«»ago a thing fix. and nnohan. oab^ Tt no ™ ^. ^^"^"^ ^"^ " 
.o;onU.e eo„.rary,it is pe^etu^' ^ attanith "tbeT i"" " "^ 
notions of .he people who se..leei.. a rfeJi "^''"^ ""^ 

unchangeable; bn.l. so aiwlglne M'"'^"^'' ""^^ ^^ «« and 
"A very slight acquaintance with the IiUfnr,, f 

--.H and .bat under Se::X..';r nit' tS": 




l«tu.Ily coined 10 meet the demaTdof^ . New one, are p.,. 
01 newfeetoes that have JuToTotlT , T'.'"'"^"'''"'^ 

that have shot forth fmm ,7 *"'''' "' ""^ "•""• •>' '*" 

»o.d,. meiT^rftuJr ::::!: T "°' °?°' '"""'^fe" = °'- 

their meanine narrowed a^r^.r^ ° '''^°'"°' "*'" 1"™ 

and their prf;.", 1 1: ettetj zzz:":;': r '"'" °"- 

will now and then be thrown over^I^ a^ new ^ " " *"'* 

of analoCT sain mound 4 l,- , T'. '°^ " Perception. 

viciasitod^Xnlfbrtinted „'7- ', ,'°"^^S« '« -«ch all theee 
uewword *o„Td be not f' ? " ^ °^ *° '°'"'^"*" "' ^™'y 
done in th. ZXtltl'ir^t^I^^rX' "-" ^^^ 


traced throngh their aocrt. Ji T '"""*'"''« '>""<I« should b. 

over the oan^'td^rZ ^ Zr'c;^::^^,! t^tT 
snoh a work, executed bv a m.n „f . , " "P'a'ned— 

.veil stored ;i.,. Ind p'rincS olT,!" T *T"' ""*-'»'i'»S. 
his life to the task weald n„?„, °V ?''''' '"^ "''" """ devote 

ti.ow n,ore ^^J^^: zc^"^ :::T:-rir ir 

bra inspun systems of metaphysics that e™ were Trin " ''"' "" "" 


»an works for the molTan Ike ^l.u : 1^^"^°" "' '°°^"^' 
Of which he is uncon^ciou's; and «JZ:^ ^l thrih ,7 
case. For what would be the worth of . I,„ , " "" 

cording to any scheme he mighntsc to 1 /dZ X'^ T "■ 

cipes and laws? TVav i,^. ,j , '^'X aown ot ita general pno- 

.Lples ai7Ls,t ; ;; r acL™?™ T "°"°" °^™'' 

or more of the a,r„r,,:-! If™,""/ f!""-'"'™ f™m on. 

Eoago adant itself ,„ .l.. ■""'■■ °"""°' ""'' *"'"'' ^"^ a Ian- 

> so adapt Itself to the cxigonc^m of the different classes of society, tr 


AU the ph, cipher, m th. world could never make a Ian™.™ f„r . 
won,an Meed. i. ta a n>oe. happy «,d beauWu. p„«i„„ ZmZI 
.honld ™b,be .heir naUve language primarily a^d mainly flLu™ 
n.ohe,. sheuH .uck it in, aa it were, along with their mL, Li " 

tttent^r . T """r '"'''"■ ^" "°™" •" "-O -« dut™:^ 
reoipienls of the laws of nature and society • tliev are n..,..l. i .• . 7 

.0 be deluded by fantaaUcal «.eoriee; and liZTZt^Z^ 
-«k. that, in order to feel all «,, beauty and purity of anyL^ar 
wo must hear it fre-n the lips, or read it f„m the pen, of a seLbk weT 
«l«cajed woman. That is to say, literaUy ftom 1' pen.'ilTe ^ * 
m books. For when women turn author, they step ma mann rTut „f 
tte,r sphere; the swanlik, ease ana grace of their effortless LTt^,^ 
^ away irom them; and, like that most graceful of aU "Zl 

But as this tram of reflections might be misapplied to jusUfy tanova- 
Uons nucongen,al and injuriins to the language, the writer aLT«In 
«.»,as m every other practical question, there are two extremes into 
which one may err. No true patriot-for our language is a Z ^d 
a most njportant part of our count,y-wiU think' f LLing'lh U 
ra* y. Nobody who is aware how a nation's feelings and opiulrand 
whatever characterize, it, are mterwoven with its ifnguaV^y "^d^ 
.f nnpercepfble fibres, wiU ma the rtt of severing them. ^NoWy wt 
has a duo reverence for his ancesto,^, or even for his own spiritual LC 
w^hhas been maiuly trained and fashioned by his nativeTn^^gZ' 
.obody who nghtly appreciates what a momentous tUng it is to Lp 
hemu vof a people entire and mibroken, to preserve afd foelc aSS 
nafonal recollections, what a glorious and mestimable bleing .t t! 
speak the tongue that Shak.pea« spake,' will ever wish tlfrim ^ 
ougue according to any arbitrary theory. But though our laZl 
hkeeveryhmg and indeed more almost than anything els" whThT." 
have nhented from our ancestors, is to bo regarded with duti u7vl*r 
^n thatvener.,ti.n fanot '. be merely passive, m which case 1'"^ 
»on degeaerato mto idolatry, but active. It is not to be put :^i^^ 
h»k np as an heirloom, but to be employed and cnlUv« d" d ^ 
pwed as an estate. We are to uphold oar native language, but Z, 
ttennpunuesit may m cou^ of time have contracted fl'^olc 

H^Z°''"'r^'"' °"""' """'"-y-™ »P"oM it best byC. 
H (h*« the* ,mp„r,.,^i we are to call forth its plastic pdwei mu 

adapt it to the now idcai it ta ♦»» «i *u ,.i 

..tarn vofab °I^ of ,;l' f ''° ^"^ "' *° l>°'f«»» «» ■« K"-^ m Ih. 

»aa .ho^d love anTterl ;:^*:' "^'^ ■»««»' "■^'-^ it A 
and mould, and rnlerfht in f^" °' °" '"'' *°"«''''' *« fcame, 

-tare, and JZtl^Z' ZmlT"" " "'"='' "' "" "" """ 
the image in which tC wi.dl f r ^ T" """""''° ^'* ''™««'' " 
lim. Ho who to^mZJT °'.^'^,'"" '"«»™ «» «veal iteelf u 

=re now become cmrr. l!^ "™'- "'™ *" '" '»'»«'. 

IV ol that new words are altogether to be outlawed. What v,™ M ■ 
guage have been, had thie principle been acted" fromtteV';: 

..=.0. .ne language, by derivation or composition; or in°a la^^uag.™" 




«^ oh Iho go„»raf,v<, power fa nearly extinct, « worr" „., fc. ^„„t«, 
ir'n , ,'°°'''°' "'"^ '"" "■-'■Oy ""PPIM it with Bii„ 

they are designed for. * • oeuu« 

■■The corruplien of style <lcea not lie i„ a writer's oceasionally mi,,, 

a,,„neommo„ or a new worr,. On the contrary, a ma.culino writer 

who ha, been led to adopt a ,lain, .i^^e style, not, like wonren, by In 

n,t, dehcacy of taste, but by a refle. act of jndgment, a,^d who 

ha. taken pleasure ,n visiting the sources of his native language, anJin 

.rao,ng ,ts streams, will feel desirous at times to throw Tis'seed al ^ 

upon the waters; and he fa the very ,,.,«,„ whoso studies will best fil 

h.m for da,„g so. Even Cowper. whose letters are the pattern ofTure 

":. '. r"° '=°^'""' ""' ■"" •■='''"" «'" -» "- wordsT:: 

such a fannbar look, and learing its meaning and the features of it! 
kindred so v,s.blo in its face, that we hardly know whether i. fa n^ 1 
old ac,ua,n,ance. Then mote especially fa it likely to b, genuine wh™ 
■ts author h.mself fa sca«=ely conscious of its novelty. It™ evelts™ 
should not seem to be the fruit of sf iiHv i,nf , ■ 
the inspiration of the moment.'' " '"' '° ''""' «P»'=>»-usly from 

» * "The futility of all attempts to check the growth of a language 
so long at least as a nation continue, to exercise any acti^y "vLt 
the lower departments of thought, fa proved by the Lccessive 7ZoZ 
of the d,ct,ona,y publisht by the French Academy. Not cement wi* 
cruslungandsffling freedom in the state, KichelieL ambition aLTl" 
becommg autocrat of the French language. He would h.™ L 7 
word uttered throughout the realm, nnU. b'e had Ztlig^ 7,-. b"u: 
ancent usage, and the wants of progressive civilization, werin thfal 
^ance too m^hty for him. Every time the Academy have iled th" 
d,ct,onary afresh, they have found themselves compelled tHdm, a 
nmnber of new word, into their censorial register; and in tl c lastTftv 
yean, more especially a vast influx ha, taken place " ^ 

I have thrown together these quotations because, if the trair of 
th ugh. ,„,„ I, f„„„^, „„, ,^ y^^.^ ^^ ^ .a,n o 

help m the use of hfa own language one may reasonably ook It a 
d,ct^onary It w,ll bo understood that there fa a just respect d°e o a 

T Zr?f"', "" '^^'™™S"'"' ^-"i =<^™!e deference to it. How 
-»• . ought to chug to a word that is growing obsolete, and how see" 


in tho UF6 of words Tl,« \Z ll "^ ^^ conscientious feeling 

-«.„, with . l;„:l " ,E:r; 'rr- '""'"^ai-^trev,. 

grand, fcrivains crai^nM / , ^ " "'" "" *'"'*». "le. 

qu-« „W p fpen rCo«I '7°'- ""-'--"«-' lesaverti. 
«...amotime onThTn.t 1 f " """° ''° "■" 'VMeur,.- A. 

aBomalona-i, the attempt a vain 1 ,„ *" /"S'*-comp™ite and 
precmcl. of vocabulary or fframlr r ."'' ^ ^^ ""'^" "'° 

vi.ed. a.d they b.y7ZrZ7Zl tl« 7! T' """ ""^ ^™ ''- 
inexorably n„der .bem, produc ,ha" „ If '° °™"'' «" '»^°S° 

of by the oontemptuoua torn of ^7 T Tj '"' '"""'S"™' «°™ 
b6 similar pedantic abll^n ,^°'>°°''»«^'^''« English.' There may 
dictionary. ' "'" '""^"^^ '>3' ^^ "'-Jogging „Be of U,, 

wntx^iiTi:ne"ietir'ri- ■'"'■•--'• 

■ «<./e«ei' is given in thk 1, „^ ^ ' ^'"^^^ ^ho word 

the sanction ofNoarWeb^rr bu^df'^''""' "'™ '» " «« l-ving 
used ,00 bastiiy i„ c^JI:^Z'XZ^^7T T " "^ "-» 
r.»') vehemently objects to'the intr^S- of i " f "" '"' ' '"'""'• 
as a violation of analogy, and attribute; t'^..! h ierrT'"'"""' 
ongin. The best amhority I find for it is thf T f » i ' -^"""a" 
mono „f whose works I remelt . 1 ' Egerlon Brydges, 

acquainted with the Ta„ J"Tn ' ° ™ """ """"= """■«■—" 
waa however a volumino; Ifd h Jy JZ" r" °'^!^ '""""™- '» 
and never correcting Th„ „ Tl ™'"-°''°°™« Ws words rapidly 

belongs to JTZZ]::^ t:i '•"' "■ f' "''-»' -» 

one that dates only from a f yel I r TU* f T '"""'' " 
tbo latter .hould at least remembeMh: mo*, J Iw tboT *" "" 
meamng taken from the parable in Iho We„ T T^ former-, 

to intellectual endowment aIih , '^'"'7''"'™"' and transferred 
I>e Quincey, by J^ZsL^Tfr """^ '»'»"'«'"■¥!» u»ed by 

^=01. a good L«'z ;;'.:'■ '^'Tf"'^''''^•''^ ^™'«- 

. , t.K. ,v„,d ,s upheld as „„^ j,^^^;^^ y_^ 



.tcU«nanUe.' and « r„ complete „c,rf„„ „^ .n.l<,gy_,h„ .j. 
^7 appropriate for Ih. noun, and corre<,>.nding with 'Wand 
■nu,nly: The „„rf 'MgUW «.hich has been .operf. ded by^Ljr 
h- .he .„tl,orieyof MUlon, (for example-" The high* ofthtl^l; 
.rgaraent.- .Paradie, Los.,-) and has been restored by iZfZ 
lI«.:,.ha..he«ivan..geover,hewerd by which i. hL b^n h^ 
««... in fta. it presenre. fl.o conneCion with the adjective toJand I! 
U.e ^.alogy wiU, .h. ending of ft, ..her tenns of n.L„re Jnt "^ 
Be«des the consideration whether a woM is in or ont of fte lang«.„ 
«ood,ng to nght authority. Uro student has to inquire into«,.7^a? 
phcafon of words, liable a, they are, by carclessnL or igno le tot 
pemrted to spurious meanhrg. The verb Mo r.alij dl^,^ 

••When It » rightly nppLed m < realizing a wish-realizinj a hone « 

defin,.,on and also to U>. best authorities, as when people talk Z red 
»mg an even.-a stale of things, etc.'_«,us making if a «,bs«.u.r't 
.hmk. conceive. nndor.tand,etc.> This is believed 'o be .TZ'Z 
me of .he word unless perha,» it might be .raced far.her back ^Z 
pur.taus .n England. Again, there is not unfrequently broughrhe™ an 
mocourate and mther absurd nse of a word, about which .ht sell to 
have b«n a k,nd of fashion m England, hut which is th«, stronglyTon 
demned by an English writer in fte ■ Philological Museum =• ^^ 

That stupid modem vulgarism, by which we nse Uie word nice to de 
ncealmcs. every mode of approba.i.n for almos. every varied oT'^t 
and from sheer pover.y of a,ough.. or fear of saymg any .hL d!iniZ 

wrap up every .hmg mdiscrimmatelyin tois d.araLLcder^fo Ik 

.«:::;^'v%":ivZrdeT^e:r;::t::zr "" ^ 

A. I. . «viugo ui 7naii,erie nor nice seems orimnnnv 

to have been only „.«„ had whelmed Ure whole islond-ehTvXS 
has a .ady .aken ^ot even in the lowest, and one hear^XT 
boys talkmg of n,ce weather, and sailors of a nice sea." P. 650 To 
.h« common, .t is only necemry .0 add. by way of contrast to su;h in 
d^r,m,nate use of the word, what Swift-with characteristic a.^. 
aess and equally characteristic accuracy of languago-.aid. tliat < a 2» 
man IS a man of nasty ideas.' * 

Another example may be cited from the "Guesses at Truth," where 
. » remarked as «a whimsical incongruity, a. the very .il wheu 
««ugly mark, outlines of character are fading away, eve^a™ omt 

AMERICAN liDlT.pN. j^^ 

^d Child h« Buddenly started up an indivUual This again h ,« e, 
ample how language is corrupted by a sillv rfr««^ «T , 
Our ancestors were n,.„ and lomel Th« f 7 """ "^^^^ 

tisod generally as it i« .f ill 7t T r* °""'' ''°'*'' *~'' ^«« ^^^^ 

No" eiv. « . «„. V 7 ""y"""? short of a <iu.cJrWUaWo 

lion, too, b a good and valnablo word. ^T^^hLw f "" """^ 
appropriate eijnifioalion. Wo want . 1 h" 7 ^""^ "" "" ■""■ 
it, and havo no .nWtuto to ffl, l! V^^'lTr^"" 
except where «,me dielinction or conLreith' *."*'' ''° •"^■ i. an individual, a, rera^ed ttl ■ ^ "' ™""* ^ 

inhUpubiic capacity! not:\lti''; T^t'^T: T'/l 

-.^* .ro. other .en. T^i:^i^:;::i^iS!:^t 

out of ourspecch by the newer Frenoh Pn„i- k 7 '^ ^ *™' 

"rfel.owhere,mth.Lil«gy, and fa 7. T,. I"^ *"'"'"'• 
•f English IJteratu^, and TwonM fa eedta^rtht' I'"^" 

;-, si-e-._ojs!, rvotoxuig a word, wJiich, though it has 



M.Ilou'8 authority, too. has lost ks familiarity to tlie modcnx ear-the 
verb ' to trorsen :' wo have our Latia-Engli^h counterparts, • to ameliorate^ 
and to deteriorate,' and tho language ought not to bo empoverished 
oy the loss of tho Saxon-English counterparts,-Wo ic«cr' and 'to 

These last examples suggest one other matter, which I wish to ask the 
rtudents attention to. and for the examination of which such a manual 
dictionary affords ready facilities. The etymological part of the work ap- 
pears to have been prepared with much pains and accuracy, and serves 
to show the various elements of our composite language. To an accurate 
knowledge and command of the language, there is. perhaps, nothing more 
important than to learn the relative character and various uses of the two 
great elementary parts of the language-the Saxon-English, and the 
Latm or French-English, but not for the purpose of setting them in any 
thmg like hostility to each other, which would be like attempting to kindle 
agam the ancient feud-eight hundred years ago-between Saxon and 
Norman. Our language is made up by the combined and harmoniou» 
ex^tence of these elements ; ;each has its use and value, and the language 
suffers when their just proportions are disturbed. Simple idiomatic Eng- 
lish was in danger when Johnson was inundating literature with unwieldy 
words-when the Preface to his Dictionary, (in 1765.) contained such a 
paragraph as this : 

_ u K;nired senses may be so interwoven, that the pt ploxity cannoi 
be disentangled, nor any reason be assigned why one shomd be ranged 
before the other. When the radical idea branehes out into parallel 
-amificaiwns, how can a consecutive series be formed of senses in theii 
nature collateral ? The shades of meaning sometimes pass Imperceptible 
mto each other; so that though on one side they apparently differ, yet it 
IS impossible to mark the point of contact. Ideas of the same race 
Ihough not exactly alike, are sometimes so little different, that no word-' 
can express the dissimilitude, though the mind easily perceives it, when 
they are exhibited together ; and somethnes there is such a confusion or 
acceptations, that discernment is wearied, and distinction puzzled, and 
perseverance herself hurries to an end, by crowding together what she 
cannot separate." 

It became the plain and chief duty of writer to bring back the Ian 
guage to more simple and genuine English-a pure and true style-, 
healthy, hearty, vigorous speech. But the reaction from the dialect of 
Dr. Johnson and his imitators, seems sometimes to carry criticism away 
mto an opposite extreme, and then comes the contrary danger of ^ 

Foraging ^hat may be called tho Latin side of the language t„o M 

DOM. <„ '°^,'y """'■ °° =»">"">■> occasions and for common nu, 
S s r "T " """"^ '""'''"■ "■ ' •»" i' w"-'" ™ n a^ 

part Of j^-^ ;rr rrj^r::: r""""° '^r° ^^"'™ 
.0^, admirab 7sCor.i ;::, """ r'f """"' "> ^"^'^'' ?""»' 

.; Of o„r ;Scrf:rzro7rc:r'rr!.t"-" 

whole prospect so boundr^ ,„ .1 ""'' ^'"'P'"' «»<» "■• 

Which shaV:c"r;-c':iirwr r^^^^^^^^ "™» "<-" 

.onjething more than iifo What ist :lj^::^']ts"'' 

:":r!:n:vi;i:z:f^'"r°' ^---"-^^ 

• I affirm,.. ;■ ad •' hat 107 n""T' ""' '° "^ """'"^ °' ""*•" 
«„ot„r;adcolseT "Zt'"^'' °'"""'' '" "■« «'-Sow 
« for the grounds «,«>»?;; bad counsel for the result a, tcD 

.M, in thc^ j;;:;:i;:7„t;r,rr: :; t",r r" 

.. an .mpossiblc cou.,sc.-an impracticable c^lel-!: eoun X ' " 
for us pun,oso to embarrass and lay the mind in tl ■ "'"« 

.ublimily. Milton wl 1 f „ " '"?■ '"' "'"' "^ '" ''-»««" a-i 
J' lumon was not an extensive or discurslvft fhJnt^ 

»n^ was; for the motion, „f his mind .ZlJ^::" 



"suit. Two thing, raay be .Mortod of nil hi, oxoUc idion„H-l.t That 
M. That thoy harmo„,xe with lh« E„gli,h language, and give a color 

JJ^„ T f "°°'' '''°"°" "'°™ ""' '•' " »»' by author, 
whose thoughUl are high and whose learning i. g„„„i„. and de'n Z 

ho language i. in danger of being corrupted! nor! it 4 .^ addTd on 

the other hand, ,. it, a. ha. been truly remarked, (in the Phitlola^ 

Musaun,,) fron, tl.evulg.randimte,.te.h..corr„;tiLi„.„rC^^^^^^ 
have ansen, «, „„ch a. (ron. ...he h.lf.I.a„,.d and parcelJoald " 

JlZ ""^i, ■" , '""''''"' '° ""' *" '"'""i-otion with somethin, 
hat favor, the ..mpio and leM learned side of our language, and it i^ 
from an author who.o writing, have been truly descS a, de L! 
.mpregnaled the spirit „f classical antiquitv-who ha, sS 
eamcUylo chasten and preserve our speech, both by preeep, and Z 
exanaple Of a .tylo of genuine n>o.hcr-E'ngli,h-who.' ^.'^11^: 
h» enabled h™ to use Loth .„ verso and p™.c, the I«.l„ lan/uaTet 
rf t were h,. own to wnte in_i. i, fr„„ ,uch an author I am quoting 

pervert-that .■ ,f we w,d. to write wcU, we must keep our Greek «>d 
I-tm out of .,ght.» (Walter Savage I,.rdo,'. .. Utter „ a. aZ^, 

U B. 

rnuPBLrmi, Jlprii Si iSiS. 

li t 



derived from the Greek and the Latin. But The Comlr k . "^ 
mg and Pronunciation which are sunnorfp^ w ^u ^ ^P'"' 

founa i^t,.o earlier a„t^„4:L!::rwlfi!°2:t''e°" 
mon colloquial „=e have not been authorized by cCw w 

a few are entirely technical, that i, to say are emT!^ f ' 

to tl>e» fonr ckaaes :_,h„se bekngiTtrfte^oT t!. f « 

-»ol„^rh.n.. totheaeconaXrth'^rno'rru:.:^ 


l)y sufficient aaUiority ; to the third, because they are not used in 
general speech or writing ; and to the fourth, because they do not 
differ in derivation, meaning, or pronunciation, from the words from 
which they are formed. After aU these deductions and omissions^ 
there still remain nearly forty thousand words, which are contained 
in tlie present Work, and for which quoted authority will be found 
in the larger Dictionaries, 

In the spelling of words, the Compiler hac taken as hia guide the 
prevailing usage of the principal lexicographers. A more' uniform 
system might have been introduced by adopting certain general rules, 
according to which particular classes of words might have been 
spelled. But every such rule would have led to greater changes in 
the usual practice than the CompUer felt himself authorized to make. 
Instead of aiming at uniformity, therefore, he has preferred that 
mode of spelling each word wliich he found to be supported by the 
greatest number of authorities. 

He has pursued a similar plan in the pronunciation of words. 
Generally, the system of Walke. l^as been adopted, as being most in 
accordance with the usage of the * iucated portion of society; but 
the CompUer has not hesitated to depart from it, whenever he found 
it at variance either with the majority of authorities, or with general 

In the mode of indicatmg pronunciation, however, the present 
Work diflFers, in various respects, from that of Walker. In the first 
place, marks have been preferred to figures, as being equaUy precise 
and less perplexing. In the second place, the pronunciation is in- 
dicated only by the marks and the ordinary sounds of the letters, no 
attempt being made to render the pronunciation more plain by a 
different mode of spellkg; except in peculiar words, and in sucli aa 
are pronounced in two different ways, one of which ways is generally 
indicated by marks, ^nd the other by spelling the word as it is pro- 
nounced. In the third place, marks are placed only above the vowels 
in syllables which have the primary or secondary accent, most of the 
others being pronounced o obscurely that the sound cannot be 
exactly indicated. At the foot of each page is a key to the notation, 
and appended to this Preface is a table of the sounds indicated by 
marks, or by syUabication ; by the help of which there will be no 
difficulty in ascertaining, with all necessary precision, the pronuncia- 
tion of 01 ery word. 


Tho most satisfactory way of giving the derivation ot words wouW. 
have been to have taken the most remote root, and traced it, through 
all Its changes, into English. But tliis was not practicable in a work 
of limited extent like the present ; and, for want of space, the Com- 
piler was forced to adopt a mode of derivation which, while it is 
sufficient to show the origin of words, at the same time saves all 
avoidable repetition, both of the roots and of their signification 
Instead of giving its root after each English word, he has collected 
mto fomilies or groups all words which are derived from the same 
wot and which begm with the same syllable and have affinity in 
signification as well as in etymology, placing first, in large letters, 
^'hat may be c^ed the head of the family or group, and arranging 
under it, m smaUer type, the other derivatives, ia alphabetical order 
In hke manner, instead of explaining each root as it occurs in the 
body of the Work, h. has coUected the principal roots into a Voca- 
bulary, m which he has given their signification, and, as examples 
of their derivatives, the head or first word of every group in the 
Dictionary. These arrangements are attended by several disadvan- 
tagcs :-occasionally there is a slight departure from the strict alpha- 
bctical order of the words ; sometimes the most remote root is given 
without the intermediate derivatives through which the word passea 
into English ; and frequently it may be necessary to consult the 
Dictiorary for the English word, and the Vocabulary for the meanin- 
of Its root. But, on the other hand, the Compiler did not see how 
he could, m any other way, comprise the explanation and derivation 
of what may be termed the classical words of the English language 
within the limits of a school-book ; the absence of its signification 
after cacn root will not be felt as an inconvenience by those who are 
acquamted with the learned languages, or have made some progress 
m the study of etymology ; and, when the Work is used as a text- 
book for teacliing derivation, a most useful exercise for advanced 
pupils will be to make them find out the intermediate derivatives 
through which any foreign word, whether ancient or modern, has' 
been transferred into the English language. In this exercise, as well 
as m the study of etymology generally, considerable help will bo 
obtained from one of the annexed tables, in which are detailed the 
prmcipal changes which letters undergo in derivation. 

On this division of the Work, it may be recessary to explain, that 
waea an Euglisli word is, in form and signification, the same aa it» 





root, the latter is not printed, but only the language to which ii 
belongs IS indicated ; that, when the root is thus of the same fcrm as 
the English derivative, and also when the form is different, but tlic sig- 
nification the same, the root has not been inserted in the Vocabulary 
that roots are not placed after words for which no probable derivation 
has been assigned ; that all doubtful roots are denoted by a point of 
interrogation ; that a few Latin words not purely classical, and some 
obsolete French words, will be found among the roots; that the 
roots m the Dictionary, and the radical parts of the words in the 
Vocabulary, are printed in italics ; that, in Greek words, the grave 
accent on e final (^) indicates that it is not silent, as in English • that 
m the Vocabulary, r, and « are generally represented by e and o'; and 
that the quantity has been marked in all Greek and Latm words in 
which errors in pronunciation were likely to occur. 

The most phUosophical mode of explaining words would have been 
to have given first their primary signification, as indicated by their 
denvation, and afterwardo, in the order of their connexion with it, 
all their secondary meanings. But in this, as in derivation, the 
Compiler has been restricted by want of room ; and he has been 
under the necessity of confining himself to those accepfcxtions which 
words most commonly bear in speech and writing. It thus not 
unfrequently happens, that the primary meanings of words have been 
omitted, because they are not m use, and that secondary meanings 
are attached to them, which appear to have no connexion with their 
derivation. Such explanations and definitions as he has given, how- 
ever, the Compiler has endeavoured to make as perspicuous, and, at 
tlie same time, as concise as possible ; and he trusts that they will 
be found sufficient to convey the ordmary acceptations of all the 
authorized words in the English language. 

To make the Dictionary more complete as a school-book, the Com- 
piler has added a copious list of Greek, Latm, and Scripture Proper 
Names. As in the first part of the Work, the vowels are marked as 
tJiey ought to be pronounced, in syllables having the primary or 
secondary accent : they are also marked in some of the terminations 
which are liable to be mispronounced. To save the trouble of consultm- 
two lists, the Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names have been 
printed together. When a Proper Name occurs both in the Classical 
writers and in Scripture, but is differently accented, each mode of 
pronunciation is indicated ; and when there are two wajs of spelling 


novcrthdess hop. that, a' atl lotittr:^ fo^ ^^^^^^ ? 
"ny dictionary at present in use. Ho can at It. f^-^^.^P^'O'to 
for tlio Publishers tW „„ 1 r ° "" ""^ ^' «"y f"' hmseli; and 

" servo tl pu;:;t t j kT"' f f'^^.'n'""" 'P-^'^^ako 
written hv .L r •, ■ "ira'Pied- It was all carefiiUy 

Peny F^It™ w' ""^^"''»'5' '"^ pronunciation, Walker, jTn^' 
works which ll ""'•''"^"la to tho authors „:f the various oth« 

tho^l"'"" 7'r"°"'' "■» CompUer commits hi. Dictionary to 
wUch hy\?, ?" ''T """ " ''" ^""o «'^' aPProbationf «1 
iWorthy " °' ''''°™' ^"^-^ ^ ^ endoavoured to „i,o 

Edinbuhqh, Septe,nber 1844 







































































UtKtuU. Examples, 

5*^^ ) iC commercial 

6ial ^Uke shal< controvorsiai 
tial -' 'partial 

Seous 1 I'fariuayeous 

jioua Uike shus-x capacious 
tiou3 ) V sententious 

^ous I J Ireli^ioua 

♦tn }«*«shun|^^««i«^ 
tion J (nation 

gion, «*(? zhiia confugiou 

xion, like kshun connexion 

z, AAre zh azure, glazier 

\\-£t. likfr mr.ft 1rv>-.>>.M~ 

ph, like f phautoa 

jTin' i '^T i TOrr ^ ■numj- 'Li:«riM i tiw 



C 10 3 





Any vowel or diphthong may be substituted for another: the following ar. 
tho changoa which most frequently occur:— 
A is changed into o, i, o, u, ei, io. 
E is changed into a, i, o, u, ai, ie, oa, oc, oo. 
I is changed into a, o, u, y, ai, ei. 
O is changed into a, e, i, u, ea, eu, oy, oc, oi, ou, ui. 
U is changed into a, o, i, o, y, au, eo, cu, io, oi, ou. 
Y is changed into ie. 
Ao is changed into ai; ai into ae, cej au into o, ou; oi into oc, c; ou into u. 


Consonants, which are pronounced by tho same organs of speech, aro trans- 
mutable ; namely,— ' 

labials, b, f, p, ph, y, w. 
Dentals, d, t, th, s, z, c soft. 
Palatials, c hard, g hard, ch hard, k, q. 
Liquids, 1, m, n, r. 

rhe foUowing consonants aro also transmutable ; b, v, g soft: 4, g ,<>ft U 
«. y ; 1. u; sc, sh; s, x, z. .*../,»,» .V',J I 

Tlio letters e, h, s, are wmetimes prefixed; b, d, g, iusertod. 

C n 1 


lowing ar« 


Adjective, arc for«d by affixing the termtoations ae, al, a„, ar, ary oo. 

rCuof le^; ;r °"-- "'-• '-'■ °-' °""' -"-• ^= '=>■• '^^«. '^> '^'au^ 

Verbs are f.nned b, affixing the tominalien,, ate, en, fy, ish ise i» 
Adverbs are fermed by affixing the tenninatie;,, l^ ^ard, «S 



ou iuto u. 

iro traus< 

i i<ift,J I 

n, noun 

a. adjective 

pr. pronoun 

V. verb 

ad. adverb 

prep, preposition 

con. conjunction 

int. interjection 

Ar. Arabic 

C. Celtic 
Cb. Cbaldeo 

D. Dutch 
Dan. Danish 
Fr. French 
Cr. Gotliio 
Gael. Gaelic 
Ger. German 
Gr. Greek 

Gr, L, Greek, Latin 
H. Hebrev? 
lo, Icelandio 

tinff. singular 

pl. plural 

eomp. comparative 

stip. superlative 

p. participle 

p. a. participial acUoctifv 

pr. present 

p. t. past tense 

p. p. past participle. 

Ir. Irish 
It. Italian 
L. Latin 
P. Persian 
Port. Portugese 
S. Anglo-Saxoa 
Sc. Scripture 
Sp. Spanish 
Sw. Swedish 
T. Teutonic 
Turk. Turkish 
VV.- Welsh. 

i ! 






Aj tho mdofinito article, placed bc- 
loro words beginning with tho sound of a 
consonant. Before words beginning with 
the sound of a vowel, it is written an. 

.Aa-ron'ic Aa-ron'i-cal, a. relating to 
tho pnesthood of Aaron. 

A-back', ad. (a, back) backwards. 
Ab'a-cns, n. (L.) an instrument for 
calculating; the uppermost member of a. 

A-baft',flrf.(S. f)(vfian) behind ; towards 
the stern of a ship. 

Ab-ra'icn-ato, v. (L. alt, alienus) to 
iiuiko over to another. 

A-ban'don, v. (Fr. abaiidonner) to 

give up ; to desert ; to forsake. 
A tx"/!""°^'' V- «• forsaken ; very wick.d. 
A , !VJ""'^''' "• 0"<> "ho abandons. 
A-biln don-mcnt, n. the act of abandoning. 

A-baso', V. (L 'd, basis) to briiixj lovv : 

to humble ; to aepre»3. ' 

A-base'nient.,n. tlio state of bcingbrouglit low. 

^:¥^^^'',«: ^^'(id, basis '{) to wake 

.ashamed ; to confuse. 
A-basli'ment, n. tlie state of being ashamed. 
A-batc', V. (S. bea(rrn) to lessen : to 

lower m price; to diminish. 
A-bate ment, n. the actof aUiting ; tho siun 

or quantity taken away. ^"o amn 

A-bat'ei','*». one who abates. 
f,l»'ba, n. a Syriac word for father. 

A\ ).VfT'i"' "'"f^?'" privileges of an abbot 
4-J;oa tial, a. relating to an abbey 
Ab 1x588, n. iho chief of a nunnery. 
Ab bey, H. a monaatery : a convent. 

4 JJo*».»»- the chief of an abbey. 
.AbTjey-lob-ber, n. an idle persou iii on abbey, 

Ab-bre'vi-ate, v. (L. ab, brevis) to 
shorten-— n. an abridgment. 

Ah"hi:f"v-5f'°"' "• *•!« n«t of shortening. 
Ab-bre-vi-a'tor, n. one who abridges. * 
Ab-bre vi-a-ture, n. a mark used for shorten- 
mg; an abridgment. ^"uritii 

A, B, C, ». tho alphabet. 

A-be-f e-da'ri-an, n. a teacher of the alphabet 

A-be-9e'da-ry, a. belonging to the alphabet 

Ab'di-cate,«. (L. ab, dico) to eivo ud 
v/JSht! to resign; to renounce. *^ 

Ab di-cant, a. giving up ; renouncing. 
Ab-di-ca'tion, n. the act of abdicating. 

"^Sif beri**^°' "• ^^'^ ^^^ ^°^*^' P*^* o' 
Ab-dOm'i-nal, a. relating to tho abdomen. 
Ab-dOm'i-nous, a. having a largo belly. 

Ab-dufo', V. (L. ab, duco) to dr; 

away ; to separate. 
Ab-du'9ent, a. drawing away. 
Ab-dae'tion, n. a carrying away. 
Ab-dOc'tor, n. a muscle that draws back. 
A-bed', ad. (a, bed) in bod ; on tho be 

Ab-er'ranyo, Ab-er'ran-cy, n. (L. a 

erro) a Wimdering from the right wav. 
Ab-er-rri'tion, m. the act of wandering. 
Ab-Cr'ring, p. a. wandering; going astray. 

A-bet', u. (S. betahy to encouraco : to 
set on ; to aid. e> > ••' 

A-bet'ment, n. tho act of abetting. 
A-bet'ter, A-bCt'tor, n. one who abetg, 

A-bey'an9e, re. (Fr. bayer ?) something 

sn reversion, but iioi in possesiioii. "" 





Ab-hor , V. (L. nb, horreo) to hato bit- 
torly ; to tlotost ; t(» ivhoiiiiniito. 

Al) Iii.r'ronvo, Ab-Iior'ruu-vv, n. t!;o act of 
ubliorrin;,'; oxtroiuo Ii,itrc<l. 

All lior'riMit, n. struck with nldiorronco ; 
o(IIi)Uh; coiitriry to ; inciilihistu'iit with. 

Ab-hor'ror, n. oiio who iilihon. 

A-blilo', t>. (S. afiidnn) to stay in a 
pliico ; to dwell ; to wait for ; to support 
or (irifhiru ; ;;. t. and p. j». a-hodo', 

A-lild'niivi', n. coiitinii.tneo ; atuy. 

A-liM'tr, n. OIK) who ivhldos. 

A-hld'iiiB, n. coiitlniiaiK'o ; ntay, 

A-hado', »*. II dwolIiiig-i)liico ; stay. 

A-lnl'i-ty. See under Able. 

Ah-ji-ot', V. (L, nf,, jactum) to throw 

inviiy; to cast down. 
Ali'joct, n. nieiwi; worthless; base.-— «, oiio 

without hope. 
Ahjfc'ted-mws, n. the stnto of bning abject. 
AI)-^i>c'tion, n. iiioannosa of mind. 
Ali'jt'ct-ly, ad. in nn nbjoct manner. 
Ab'jcct-niiss, «, moannoas; sorvility. 

Ab-juro', t». (L. nh, jiiro) to ronounco 
^mionoiith; to retract; to abandon. 
Al) jii-ra'tion, n. the act of abjuring. • 

Ah-lactri'tion, n. (L. ab, lac) a mode 

of grafting. 

Ab-la-qno-ft'tion, n. (L. ah, laqncn) 
tlio act of opening the ground about tho 
roots of trues. 

Ab-lu'tion, n. (L. aJ, latum) a taking 
. iiway; a depriving. 

Ib'la-tivo, a. that takes aw.iy : applied to tho 
sixth c*so of tho Latin noun. 

A'blo, n. (S. ahul) having strength 

or power ; skilful ; suffloient. 
A-bll'i-ty, »i. power; capacity ; qualification : 

yl. tho powers of the mind. 
A l)le-nes9, i>. power of body. 
A'bly, ad. with ability. 
A'ljlc-bCid-ied, a. strong of body. 

Ab-lc-ga'tion, n. (L. ab, h-(jo) a send- 
ing away ; a dismission. 

Ab-ludc', V. ("U ab, ludo) to bo unlike. 

Ab'hi-ont, a. (L. ab, luo) cleansing. 
Ab-lu'tion, n. tho act of cleansing. 

Ab'no-gato, v. (L. ab, ncqo) to deny. 
Ah-no-ga'tion, n. denial, renunciation. 
Ab'iio-ga-tor, M. OHO who denies. 

A-bt"»ard', ad. {a, board) in a ship. 

A-budo'. Sco under Abide. 

A-bodo', V. (S. bodian) to foretoken. 
A-lKld'an^e, n. an omen. 
A-bodo'ment, >i. a secret anticipation. 
A-bod'ing, u. presentiment. 

A-bol'ish, V. (L. ab, olco) to annul ; to 

repeal ; to destroy ; to make void. 
A-bol'ish-ment, f», tho act "f abolishing. 
^b-o-Il'tion, n. tho act of abolishing. 
A.b-o-ll'iion-i'it, M. onb who seeks to abolish. 

t\-l;dui'i-nato, r. (L. ab, omen) to ab- 
iior ; to detest ; to hato utterly. 

A-bnm'1-na-blo, a. dotcstablo ; unclean. 
A-bfim i-na-blo-ness, n. hatofulnofw. 
A-bOni'i-na-!>ly, ad. hatefidly ; dutustubly. 
A-bOin-i-n.-i tion, «. detestation; pollution. 

Ab-o-rTij'i-ni'H, ji. ( L.) tho earliest in- 

habitants of a country. 
Ab-o-rlt;'l-nal,a. priuiltivo; pristine. 

A-bor'tion, n. (L. ab, ortus) nntimolf 

lilrth ; misearrlago. 
A-bOr'livo, a. untimely; promatiiro. 
A-bor'tive-ly, rti/. Inntiaturely ; untimely. 
A- M.r'tive^nesH, n. the state of abortion. 
A-bort mont, n. an untimely birth. 

A-boilnd', v. ( L. ab, undu) lo havo ol 

bo In groat plenty. 
A-bftQnd'ing, n. incrensp. 
AA-nu'danve, n. greiit plenty. 
A-bi^n'dant, «. very plentiful. 
A-bQn'dant-ly, ad. in great plenty. 

A-bout', prep. (S. abiitan) round ; near 
to ; coneermng.— rtrf. circularly ; nearly. 

A-bovo', prep. (S. abufun) higher in 
place or power ; more than.— <k/. overhead ; 
m till) regions of heaven. 

Ab-ra-ca-dub'ra, n. a suncrstitioua 
charm against agues. 

Ab-rfulo', t;. (L. ah, radn) to rub off. 
Ab-ra'.jion, «. the act of rubbing off. 

A-brCast', ad. {a, hr':asl) sido by sido. 

Ab-ro-ndilnfo', v. (L. ab, re, nuncio) 

to disown ; to disclaim. 
Ab-re-uan-(,i-a'tion, n. tho act of rcnouncmg. 

Ab-rup'tion, n. (L. ab, raptum) the 
stato of being carried away. 

A-bridgo', V. (Fr. abrcffcr) to mako 

shorter ; to contract ; to (iimiuish. 
A-brtdij'er, «. ono who abridges. 
A-brld^''ment, n. tho contraction of a work 

Into a smaller compass ; a summitry. 

A-brr)ach',r. (S. a, brccan) to tap ; to sot 
abroach — cut. in a posturo to let out liquoe 

A-broSd', ad. (S. brad) from homo; 
in another country ; widely. 

Ab'ro-gato, v. (L. ah, ro(jo) to repeal ; 

to ann \\.—p. a. annulled. ' 
Ab-ro-ga'tion, n. tho act of repealing. 

Ab-rupt', a. (L. ab, ruplum) broken ; 

craggv ; sudden ; unconnected. 
Ab-mp'tion, n. a sudden breaking off. 
Ab-rQpt'ly, ad. suddenly ; hastily. 
Ab-rflpt'ncss, M. suddenness ; haate. 

Ab'svcsK, 7?. (L. abs, cessum) a tumour 
tilled v/ith purulent matter. 

Ab-S(;ind', v. (L. ab, scindo) to cut olf. 
Ab'sctss, AI)-39Ts'||» w. part of tho diaiuetos 

of a conic section. 
Ab-3915'.sion, n. tho act of cuttin|f%ff. 

Ab-scond', v. ( L. aha, condo) tc hido 

one's self; to retire from public view. 
Ab-sc(5nd'cr, n. one who absconds. 

Ab-sent', v. (L. alus, ens) to keep away j 
to withdraw. "' • 

Kate, fAt, fdr, fail ; mO, mCt, thf ro, h^r- nine, pin, field, fir; nOte.nflt, u3r, mOve 






^b sent, a. not proDOBt; IniUtontlvo. 
A ) Hon?o. ;». tho Mt;it« of Ijoiiijj ubauiit. 
Alj-Hfii-tcv; , »». Olio nl))i.,.iit from liis utatio;,. 

cinplo.viiicnt, or country. 
Ali-Hmi-tCO'isni, n. tho priiftleo of I.clng away. 
A )-H{iMt or, /I. ono iilwont from duty. 
AI>-sCut munt, u. tlid »tuto of bciiis absent. 

Ab-sTii'tlii-aii, a. ( L. absintluum) of the 

natiiruof worniwood. 

Ab-snlvo', w.( L. nl>, soloo) to froo from : 

toilcir; toiirqiiit, ' 

AI';5ii-)JT'or, n. onu who ahsolvos. 
Al)!)o-luto,<j.c()mplotoj ; not 

himto.!; j)08itivej certain; arhitrarv. 
A J mi- utu-.y, Oil. complotuly ; poaitivi'lv. 

A .to- atu-iiess,n.conipletonosii; (loapotHm. 
A h-so-lu tioii, n. tho act of alwolvini;. 
A h .sol-ti-to ry, a. t'lut absolvea. 

Ab'so-naut, a. (L. ai, sono) contrarv 

to rc;uson j absurd. ^ 

Ab'Mo-nous, a. dimigrcolng; discordant. 
Ab-sdrb' i-. (L. ab, sorbeo) to suck up ; 

to iinbibo : p. p. ab-sorbod' or ab-sOrpt'. 
Ab-s..rbent, a. sucking up.— »t. a subatanco 

tliat sucks up. 
Ab-s6rp'tion, m. tho act of sucking up. 
Ab-stfiiti', w. (L. abs, tenco) to refrain 

from ; to forbear. 
Ab-atCii'tion, n. tlio act of holding off. 
A b (iti-nonvc w. a refraining from ; fastinir. 
A ) s ti-no»t, a. practising abstinence. 
Ab sti-nent-ly, ad. witli abstinence. 

Ab-stc'rai-oii3, a. (L. abs, temctnm) 

tomporate; abstinent." 
Ab-sto'nii-ous-iy, ad. tomporatoly ; soberly. 
Ab-Hto mi-ous-uess, n. tho being alwtomious. 
Ab-Htcrf;o', u. (L. abs, tergeo) to ^vipe. 
.\l)-,stiT'^'cnt, a. having a cleansing quality. 
Al)-sti'rse', V. to cleanse ; to purify. 
Ab-sti'i-'sion, n. tlio act of cleansing. 
Ab-sti'r.sive,a.liavingthoquality of cleansing. 
Ab-stcr sivc-noss, ri. tho qiulity of cleansing. 

Ab-strilct', V. (.L.abs,(rac(um)to draw 
from ; to separate ; to abridge. 

Ab'stract, a. separate; existing in tho luind 
only. — ti. an abridgment. 

Ab-striU-t'od, ;;. a. separated ; refined. 

Ab-strSct'ed-ly, ad. simply ; by itself. 

Ab-«triict'ed-nes3,»j. state of boingabstracted. 

Ali-strilct'er, n. ono who abstracts. 

Ab-strfte'tion, n. tho act of abstracting : ab- 
sence of mind ; inattention. 

Ab-strflet'ly, ad. in an abstract manner. 

Ab-strilct'nws, n. a separate state. 

Ab-struso', ff. (L. abs, trusurn) hiudcn : 

obscure; difficult. 
Ab-strQse'ly, ad. obscurely; not plainly. 
Ab-struso'ness, n. obscurity ; difficultv. 


Ab-8Qrd'ncsg, n. tho quality of being abturd. 
A-brm'daiifc. Sec uiulor Abonud. 
^r '??!?'' r- \ ^" "^'''^''wOto make au in 

i'«of; tolmiKKoupon; to rovil... 
A-iniso , n. ,11 iHu; a corrupt practice • rude 

rc|,r„a(li ; contumely. 1 •^'*'-i'<->' . rude 

A- HI ja-ble, a. that may bo abused. 

A- hfmivo, a. containing or practising abusa 
A-bo s>ve-ly, ad. in an ab.iHlvo manner. 
A-bc.s.vo-ne.s,n.the quality of beingabusive. 
'^i.!!!'f'' *'• ^ ••'*'• "' ^""0 to end at : t* 

Ion IT upon ; to meet. ' 

A ilrlM"!''"' *.V ".'''' *''''^'' '•"'•''«'-8 upon. 
A-but tal, /». tho boundary of land. 

^"h|!-'"I' ^;l>yf '. «• (Or. a, bimos) a 

fathomless depth ; a gulf. ' ' 

Ab-strQ'si-ty, n. that wliiyh is abstruse! 

Ab-surao'^ V. (L. aW sumo) to tako 
away wBoUy ; to destroy. 

Al)-sajnp'tion, n. destruction. 

Ab-surd', a. (L. ab, surdus) unreason- 
able ; inconsistent. 

Al>-sOr'di.ty, n. tho quality of being absurd ; 
thjit which is absurd. 

Ab-sOrd'ly, ad. unreivsonably; injud'cinnslv. 

A-c.i'yi-a, n. CL.) a slirub ; a drug. 

Ac'a-dL-iuo, n. (r.r. akndcmos) ouo of 

ed soci'e't'y. • •'°''' °^ P''»o''"l"'y J alourn- 

"^ -ciLmce".^; n;.V"=''i'y ^"•"Z''? promotion of 
Ac a ,1-'..,? ''"' " P'"™ "f education. 

Ac-a-dP. ; A"- '\ '?"'"'''"■ °'»» academy. 
AC a-uom ic, a. relating to an academv -- 

Ac'^Xm'i"'?''" phlloaSphor ; a 8?S 
A-cftd e ,,-'' "• '"'''»"»'"» to an academy. 
A n? '". • ^■"'"' '•; * member of an academy. 
A-ca o.m,jm, „. the academical philosophy 
A-cad'e-mist, «. a member of an academy. 
A-can'tTni3, n. (L.) a prickly shrub. 
A-can thme, a. pertaining to acanthus. 
Ac-9edo', V. (L. «r/, ccdo) to agroo to. 

fe 'si 1'.T!'''T^' ' '^'''"*-^.^'''" i increase. 
tribntfM'^'^fi-f'"'"';''^'''- j^'ned to; con- 
tributing additional.— n. ono who helM 
to commit a crime. •* 

Ac-K^bi;"'i^^• *"-''"' -^^ •'^'"'^ accessary. 
Ac-9es a -bio, <r. that may be approached. "> 
Ac-fCs-si-bll'i-ty, n. tho being accessible. 
Ac-(;6s sion n. the act of coining to ; addition. 
Ac-fes-sO'ri-al, a. pertaining to an acceCrj! 
Ac-9el'cr-ate, v. (L. ad, celer) to hast- 

en ; to quicken ; to increase tho spood ofc 
Ac-vo -cr-a'tion, n. the act of hastening. 
Ac-i-Ol cr-a-tive, a. increasing the speed. 

Ac-vend', V. CL. ad, candeo) to kindle j 
to set on fire ; to inHaino. * 

Ac-jen'sion, h. tho act of kindling. 

Ac'c;cnt,ra. (L.^rf, catitum) tho manner 
of speaking; the stress of the voice on a 
syllable or word ; a mark to direct tho m(^ 
dulation of tho voice. 

Ac-fCnt', f. to express or note tho accent. 

Ac-pC'iit'u-al, rt. relating to accent "'* 

A»-9Cnt.u-iVtion, n. the act of placing th« 
accent ; marking the accent. * ^ » '"' 


Ac'9ep-ta-ble-ness, Ac-c^p-ta-bH'i-ty. n. th« 

quality of being anceptablo. ^' ' 

Ac 9cp-ta-l)ly, a^/. in an acceptable manner. 

Ac-fep tiin9e, «. reception with approba- 


»abe,tDb,f(m; cry, crypt, mi^rrh; tOIl, bay, OtSr, 

nOw.nevSr; 9ede,fem,rai|e,e^lrt,IWii 





if-Vep-ta'tion, n. reception ; tJio inoiuilngof 

u word, iM it in ctiiniuonly rccuivod. 
AcvCpfur, n. oiio wlio nccipts. 

Au-<;i<H3'. See under Accodo. 

Ac'yi-dcnt, n. (L. a(f,eado) a property 

or qiiiillty not osaontialj an unforcacon 

ovpiit; oimmlty; cIhuico. 
Ac'vUU-nvo, w. a book containing tlio flMt 

rudliiifnti) of ffraninmr. 
.1c-vl-dOnt'iil, a. not ui<H«ntiaI ; unforeawni 

ciisiwl.— «. ft property not (wwjntiiil. 
Ac-ji-ddnt ij-ly, ad. by chiinco; casually. 

Ac- claim', V. (L. ad, clamo) to ap- 

plaud.— n. loud nppluiHo. 
Ac-clji-nifl'tion, n. a, bhout of npplaiiao. 

Ac-cliv'i-ty, n. ( L. «</, c//i;m«) etccn- 
nena rotkonud upwards, 

Ac-co-lildo', n. (L. nd, colhm) a ccro- 
luony used in conferring knighthood. 

Ac-o<5m'njo-datc, v. (L. ad, con, modus) 
to supply with conveniences ; to fit; toad- 
Just.— a. suitiiblo; fit. 

Ac-cOui'nio-da-blo, a. that may bo fitted. 

Ac-cOm'uio-date-Iy, ad. suitably ; fitly. 

Ac-cOm'mo-datu-ness, n. fitness. 

Ac-cOiu-mo-da'tlon, n. prevision of con voni- 
races ; fitness ; reconciliation. 

Ac-cOni': -io-da-tor, who accommodates. 

Ac-com'pa-ny, v. (L. ad, con, panis ?) 
to ^'o with ; to join with. 

Ac-com'pa-id-nicnt, n. that which accom- 
panies, or is added as an ornament. 

Ac-com'plif;e,- ». (L. ad, con, pllco) an 
oasociato in crinie ; a partner. 

Ao-C(5m'pligh, v. (L. ad, con, pled) to 

completo; to fulfil; to obtain; to adorn 

or furnish the mind or body. 
Ac-cOm'plishe<l, p. a, complete in somoqua- 

llilcation ; elegant. 
Ac-cOni'plish-er, w. one who accomplishes. 
Ac-cOm phsh-inent, n. completion ; full por- 

tonuauco; ornament of miud or body. 
Ac-compt'. Sec Account. 

Ac-cord', V. (L. ad, cor) to agree ; to 
liarmonizc.— n. agreement ; union ; will. 

Ac-cord'ance, n. agreement ; conformity. 

Ac-corti'ant, a. consonant ; correspondinir. 

Ac-cord'ing-ly, ad. agreeably ; confor-nably. 

Ac-cord u)g-t6, prep, agreeably to ; with re- 
gard to ; in proportion. 

Ac-cor'po-ratc, v. (L. ad, corpus) to 
unite. i > ^ 

Ac-cost', V. (L. ad, casta) to speak to 

iirat ; to oddres.s. 
Ac-c6st'a-blo, a. easy of access ; familiar. 

A o-cou-clicur', Sc-cu-shcur', n. (Fr.) a 
man who assists women in childbirth. 

i)unt', n, (L. ad, con. puto) a reck- 
ig ; narration ; regard ; advantage.— 


oning, .-„...-., ..^.„..v„^a.— reckon ; toassign tbeciiuses; toestuom. 

Ac-c60nt'a-ble, a. liable to account. 

Ac-cOQnt-a-bil'i-ty, n. liability to give ac^ 
count ; responsibility. 

Ac-ci^ant'a-ble-ness,n. the beingaccountable. 

Ac-cOQnt'ant, n. one employed in accounts. 

Ae-cOiint'b60k, m. a book contalniujt oo 
counts. ^ 

Ac-cotiplo, V. (L. ad,copulo) to join 
together. * ' w 

Ac-cofi'tro, V. (Fr. accoulrer) to equip. 
Ac-coa tru-ment, n. cquli»ge; trappings. 

Ac-crCd'it, v. (L. ad, credo) to procuro 

creditor honour to. 
Ac-crcd-i-ta'tlon, n. the glvhig of credit. 

Ac-cr28'9ont, a. (L. ad,creaco)ao'wina 

to; increasing. " " 

Ac-cro'tion, n. the act of growing to. 
Ao-cro tlvo, a. Inercashig by growth. 

Ac-crf5a<?h', v. (Fr. a, croc) to draw to : 

to take what is another's. 

Ac-crfto', V. (Fr. a, era) to be added 

to ; to arise from. 
Ac-cra'mcnt, n. addition ; increase. 

Ac-cu-ba'tion, n. (L. ad, cubo) a lyiufl 

or reclining. ' J a 

Ac-cOm'ben-cy, n. the state of reclining. 
Ac-cOm'bent, a. leaning or reclining. 

Ac-cu'mu-lato, v. (L. ad, cumulus) to 

heap up ; to increase.— «. heaped up. 
Ac-eu-niu-la'tion, h. a heaping up; a heap. 
Ac-cQ inu-la-tive, a. tliat accumulates. 
Ac-cQ mu-la-tor, w. one who accumuhttea. 

Ao'cu-ra-9y, "• (L- ad, cura) correct- 
ness; exactness; nicety. 
Ac'cu-rate, a. correct ; exact ; precise. 
Ac cu-rate-ly, ad. correctly ; exactly. 
Ac'cu-rato-uess, n. exactness ; nioety. 

Ac-curso', V. (S. cursian) to doom to 

misory ; to imprecate evil upon. 
Ac-cQrs'ed, a. doomed ; execrable. 

Ac-cufo', V. (L. ad, causa) to charge 

with a crime; to blame. 
Ac-cQ'5a-blo, a. that may be accused. 
Ac-oD f^int, n. one who accuses. 
Ac-cu-sa'tion, n. the act of accusing ; a cliargo. 
Ac-cQ ija-tive, a. accusing: applied to the 

fourth case of the Latin noun. 
Ac-cu'sa-to-ry, a. containing an accusation. 
Ac-cuj'er, n. ono who accuses. 

Ac-cus'tora, V. (L. ad,eon^uetum) to 

mako familiar by use ; to habituate. 
Ac-cOs'tora-a-ble, a. of long custom, 
Ac-cQs'tom-a-bly, ad. according to custom. 
Ac-cOs tom-a-ry. a. usually done ; common. 
Ac-cOs'tom-a-rl-ly. ad. usually ; commonly. 
Ac-cOs'tomed, a. frequent; usual. 

A9e, n. (L. as) a unit : a einele point 
on cards or dice. r — • 

A-pa'da-ma, n. (H.) a field of blood. 

A-cgph'a-list,%. (Gr. a, kephali) one 
who owns no head or superior 

A-^i^r'bi-ty, n. (L. acerbus) sourness • 
roughness; severitya 

A-9es'9eut. Soo under Acid. 

Ache, re. (S. eece) a continued pain, 
—v. to be in pain. 

rate, fat, fir, fall; mc.mCt, thfire.hlr; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nSr.mdre. sin; 



ontaluiutf oo 

ulo) to join 

cr) to equip, 

) to procuro 

; of credit. 
CO) growing 


to draw to ; 

be added 


ilio) a lyiug 


umulus) to 
pcd up. 
lip; tthoap. 

58) correct- 




> doom to 



to charge 


lied to tlio 


letumi) to 




; common. 


gle point 

)f blood. 
iali) on« 

ourness : 

9<1 pain. 





A<;hiOvo', i<. (Fr. «, chrf) (o 

form ; to flnlsh { to pulii • tiniM.iiii. 
A-vhiOv'ft-ble, n. that iimy l.o mliluvcd. 
A-y liov'unvo. n. u porfdriiiiimo. 
A-vhiii vo'mcnt, n. u pcrloriujiuca ; an ncUon ; 

an t'sciittliCDii. 
A-yliiOv'or, «. ono who nchlovcs. 

A'chor, n. (Gr.) scald bead. 

A(!li-ro-nifit'ic, n. (Gr. a,chroma) mo- 

vcntmjrtliu effect of colours. 
Ay'id, a. (L. acidus) sour ; filiarp to the 

A •"''\iV"~"" " ^'""■« "'"""P '*"l)«t.inco. 
A-VJi 1-tv, n. Hoiirnos'i ; HhurpiictiH. 


•^ Vjd'o-Iato, V. to tincfo with acids. 
A-ylU u-lous, a. sourish. 
A-^C'^'funt, a. tending to sourness. 
A-9t tous, a. liiiviiiK tlio iiuiility of vinegar. 

Ac-knowl'odgc,ak-norcdKO, v. (S. cna- 
wan, Urpnn) to own ; to confess. 

Ac-knOwl od^r-nient, n. concession ; rocosid- 
tion ; confession ; gratitude. 

Ac'ine, n. (Gr.) tlio highest point., Ac'o-l^to, n. (Gr. ako- 
louthos) a servitor in tlio Uoniisli church. 

Ac'o-nTto, n. (Gr. akoniton) tho herb 

wolfsbane; poison. 

K'curn n. (S. ac, corn) tho fruit or 
. sood of tho oalt. 
A'cornud, a. fed with acorns. 

A-ci)ri'stic, n. (Gr. a/coito) rclatinc to 

hcnrinp, or tho doctrine of sounds 
A-c-^a 'sties, n. ;)/. the theory of sounds : mpdl- 

cmes or instruments to help tho hearing. 
Ac-nufiiiit' V. (L. ad, con, notum ?) to 

iiiaku fannhar with ; to inlbrm. 
Ae-(iiia,„t'anro, n. familiarity; linowlcdire : 

a i)erson ^vhom wo Isnow. 

Ae-quiiirit'ed,/j.rt. familiar with ;wellknown. 
Ac-cjuest'. See uudcr Acquire. 
Ac-qiii-csfo', V. (L. ad, nuics) to rest 

in ; to reniam satisfied with ; to comply. 
^c-qui-Os i-cnyo, n. consent; compliance. 
Ae-(]Ui-us font, a. easy ; submitting. 

Ac-quTro', v. (L. ad, qnwro) to ffaiii ; 

to obtain ; to come to ; to attain. 
Ac-qinr a-ble, «, that may bo acquired. 
Ac-qiiired', p. a. Rained ; obtained. 
Ae-qulie'ment, n. that which is acquired. 
Ac-qui-si tion, M. tho act of acqiiiriuff or 

pamm- ; the thiii'; acquired. 
Ae-qnlj'i-tive, a. tliat is acquired. 
Ac-quT-i i-tivo-ly, ail. by acquirement. 
Ac-quc\st', n. tho tiling gained; attaehmont. 

Ac-quit' t'.(,Fr.vttt7/er) tosetfioe: 

to clear from ; to dibchar?e. * 

Ac-qalt;ment, n. tho act of acquitting. 
Ac-iju t tal, n. deliverance from a char-e. 
Ac-<iuu'taufe, n. disehargo from a debt. 

\' n. (Gr. a, krasis) excess ; 
irregularity. ' '^''^°'' > 

A^'cro, n. (S. (Bcer) a piece of laud con- 

•...niiig .\o\\) oquaro yards. 

I A'nrud, a, possos-inff acres. "^ 

■^f '"''» ''• <^- fii-cr) Iiot and bitina t« 

the) ta'tfoi blttor; pungent. *' 

Ac-rl-nKVni-ous, a. sharp ; bitter. 
Ac r -mo-ny, n, sharpticis ; severity. 
^c rl-tudc, n. an acrid tasto. 

Ac-ro-a-niat'in, Ac-ro-a-miJt'i-cal, a. 

(Ur.uAro(joW(j()pertaining to docp loarnlng. 
A-croii'y-ca), n. (Gr. akroH, nux) ri». 

Ing when tho sun sets, or setting when the 

A-crOn'y-cal-Iy, ad. at tlio acronycal tinio. 

Ac'ro-spTro, 71. (Gr. nkrox, speira) a 

shoot or si)rout from tho end of seeds. 
Ac ro-splred, a. luiving sprouts. 

A-crftss', ad. (a, cross), athwart : from 

Bide to sid«. ' 

A-cros'tu3, Ti. (Gr. akros, stichon) a 
poem of which tho first letters of the line* 

mako up some name a. relating to an 

acrostic ; containing an acrostic. 

A-crOs t -cal-ly, ad. in tho manner of an 

Act, w. (L. actum) to bo in action ; to 
perform; to imitate.— n. n dood; an ex. 
ploit ; a decree ; a part of a play. 
Act m-, n. the act of performing. 
Action, n. stato of acting; a dood; opera, 
tion ; gesticulation ; battle ; a hiwsuit. 

c tion-,a-bIo, a. liable to an action at law. 

c'ti-vate, v, to make active. 

c tive, a. busy ; nirablo ; quick. 

tc tivo-Iy, aa. in an active manner ; busily. 

.c'tivo-ness.n. quickness; nimbleness. 
Ac-tlv'i-ty, n. the quality of being active. 
Act'losM, a. without spirit ; insipid. 
Ac tor, n. one who acts ; a stawe-playor. 

c'tress, n. a female stage-plityer. 

'^ '""'!;''<*• '■'^al ! truu ; certain. 

ic-tu-ai'i-ty, n. tho stato of being actual. 

c'tu-a|.|y,ad. really; in fact. 

c'tu-a-ry, n. a registrar or clerk. 

Ac tu-ato.r. to put in action,— /i. put in action. 
Ac-tu-a'tion,n.tho stato of being put in action. 

A-cuto', a. (L. acuo) sharp ; iucoiii. 
ous ; penetrating. ^ ' ° 

Ac'i!-ate, V. to sharpen.— a. sharpened. 

A-eu i-ty, n. sharpness at tho {xiint. 

A-eu le-atc, a. having a point ; prieklv. 

A-cu mon, n. a sharp point; quickuess ol 
intellect ; discernment. 

A-cu'iui-nato, v. to rise to a point.-<i. ced- 
ing in a point ; sharp-pointed. 

A-cu ml-na-tcd, a. ending in a point. 

A-cuto iy, art. sharply ; ingeniously; keenly. 
A-cuto'nes3, n. sharpness ; quickness. 
Ad'apo, 71. (L. adapium) a proverb. 
A-da'gi-al, a. proverbial. 

A-da'^u-o,n. (It.) inmimc, a slew timo. 

Ad'a-mant, n. (Gr. adamas) a very 
„ hard stono ; a diamond. 
Ad-a-nian-te'an, a. hard as adamant. 
Ad-a-mftn'tine, a. made of adamant; hard. 

A-dSnt' 11. (J. ml nrnt^\ ♦« Cf 

thing to another; to suit ; to proportion. 

«£^,. t5ll, b.y. fiar. r,^^;;^. ^ ede. pom. raije. eyirt.t^ 


18!on, n, thoact of fitting; (itnes'a. 
A-dap'tion, h. tbc act of fltting. 

idd, V. (L. ad, do) to join to ; to in- 

croiiso; tojuiitmont; to wilarso. 
6' I i-ble, a. tluit mav ho added. 

!l ,,'"/ '''"'y'/'- P'f'*''Ji"ty of being added. 
Ad-dlt a-mciit, n. tho tliiii- added. 
Ad-di tion, n. the act of adding; tlio thinir 
ad, cd ; u rule for adding sum^ together.^ 
Ad-di t.on-al, a. tliat is added. 
Ad-dI't,on-al-ly, ad. in addition to. 
4d-dl tion-a-ry a. that may bo added. 

Ad ei'^lV^' ""• '"'^'"" '^° P"^'-''- of adding. 
Ad-den'duni, n. sonietiiing to bo added • an 
appendix: ;;/. ad-deii'daf "'"'°"''"' ''" 

Ad'der,7i.(S.H^Jrc) a venomous rcptife. 

iron tool ; a lund of axe. 

Ad-dict' V. (L. «r/, ,/;ro) to givo up 
to; to devote; to dedicate. ^^ " "P 

A( -die tea-noss, n, the state of boingaddictcd 
Ad-dle'tioii, ». the act of devoting. 

H'^h.\ \^- '"^'^ ''^^-'^"•0" ; ompty.- 
v. to mako barren J tocommt. ^ ""^ 

Ad die-head-ed, Ad'dlo-pr.t-cd.'a. having bar- 
ren brains ; of weak intellect. ^ 

^iStV'- ^^- "'^' f^ ^'^^ •> *" f'P^'-ik 

cour^uh n°"7"V'''r''H"'=^'o : application ; 

Ad-dnS% ''''"'r '^i'}"^''"" of a letter 
i».u ur. Si, er, n. one who addressee. 

Ad-dufo', V. (L. ad,duco) to brin^vfor- 
ward ; to allege. -"-(uim^ior- 

AdrlnlVf'."*' «• l":inging forward. 

A -dOc ,on, «. the act of brinirin- forward 

Ad-duc'tive, «. that brings forward. 

Ad-o-Ian-ta'do, n. (Sp.) a governor of 
a pjovnice; a lieutenant-governor 

A-dupt', n. (L. ad, aptum) one skilled 
m any art.-«. skilful'; thoroughlv versed 

A-dep'tion, n. attainment; acquisition" 

Ad'e-quatc, a. (,(sqtit(s) coual to • 
proportionate ; snfticient' ^ ' 

Ad e-qua-9y, w. sufficiency. 

Ad e-quato-ly, ad. in an adequate manner. 

Ad e-quatc-ness, n. state of bei.ig adequate. 

Ad-here', v. (L. ad, hcerco) to stick to • 
to remain fixed or firm. ' 

Ad-her'enfc, Ad-liOr'en-cy, w.tho onalitv of 

A ^^l^-'^';'"^ ! .-attachment ; tenac ty f H^ eh t v 

a'foS; "• '"":'-"^ *°' united with!lt 
d. loUowur ; a partisan. 

Ad-Jiurcr, ti. one who adheres 

Ad-hG sion, «. the act or state of sticking to. 

Ad- le sive, a. sticking; tenacious. ^ 

Ad-he sive-nesj, «. stickiness; tenacity. 

Ad-hTb'it, V. (L. af/, Aai^^o) to apply ; 
to make uso of. "■rt'v > 

Ad-hi-bl'tion, n. application ; use. 

.fc^;?/;^^'"''"' "j ^^- «^^» /^o'-'or) the 
act ofadvismg; advice. ^ 

Ad-lior'ta-to-ry, a. containing advice. 
A-dieu^ JKf. (Fr. a Dieu) farewell. 


Fai-v, fat, fftr, fall; mi 

Ad'i-pi)so,Ad'i-pou3,a.(L. adeps) fat 

forrifroln"-, "r"^^ or waxy sTbstini" 
lomcd from dead anhnal bodies. 

w'Jt*;tr!?;H^^- «'^' j^«'«) a passage for 
w.iter under ground ; an entrinco. 

Ad ja'^ent, a. (L. adjaceo) lyiuc nca' 

or close ; contiguous. ' "' ^ 

Ad-ja 9en-,;y, „. the state of lying close to. 

aHH^'' ^- ^h od,jnctum) to add to 
Ad-jee' lo... n. the act of adcUng to. 
4'b«<=-tnious, a. additional. *" 
Ad jec-tivo, n. a word added to a noun to ex. 
r P^e^^s soHie quality or circumstar^o 
Adjee-tive-ly, ad. like an adjective. 

Ad-j5ia', V. (L. ad,junno) to join to • 
to be contiguous to. '^ •* '" ' 

fl addnHtn'°"'''-V"','" ""''°'' to anothcr.- 
a. added to ; united with. 

Ad-journ', v. {Iv, h, jotir) to put off till 
another time; toaof/r; todelav " 

?ii^e"- "d!^n V • •"; •' ^'-'"J"" °'^ "» another 
imie, delay; nitermi.ssiun. 

Ad-jr,dffo', V. (L, arf, judea;) to scu- 

tcncc ; to decree ; to decide. 
Ad-ji,dg'ment, n. thoact of judging. 
Ad-^u'di-cate, v. to sentence; to decree. 
Ad-ju-di-ca'tion. n. the act of adjudkating. 

aVoTth^ T; 1^- «'^', •^■"'•«) to impose 

an oath ; to charge solemnly. 
Ad-ju-ra tion, n. theact of chargmg solemnly, 

der ; to regulate ; to adapt. ^ 
Ad-just er, «. one who adjilsts. 

|«J?:?S,^:&-t*^"'). helper. 

Adju-tan-9y, n. the office of an adjutant. 

Id' u v^ t' ";.T •}"}'" ^^hoassists the major, 
■aaju-va .t, a. helpfu.; useful. act of measuring according to rule' 
dimensions ; adjustment of proportions. ' 

se'r^Ji^'tf^'"',''- 5^- «'^' "»mis;er) to 

servo ; to sui)ply ; to manage. 

in^"Xtv?T' "• «'«=ict of administer. 
Ad mTn'?« f.w'-""° P-Y' of government. 
Adml^H-'^''^' "■ that administers. 
Ad i' sir- ''•'■' "• "'"^ *'"^ .-idrainisters. 

nis"e« "' "■ ^ ^'^'"^'° ^^lio admi. 

Ad'mi-ral, n. (Fr. atniral) tho chief 

„ commander of a fleet. 

no?nri"K' ?• •*'■'". P"^'*"- o*- officers ap. 
pointed to adiumister naval affaii-s. 

^£'J?"'°''^- ^^' «^» "">o'") to regard 

i with wonder or love. Aog»ru 

Ad'mi-ra-hle, a. worthy of being admired. 

4d lui-ra-bly, ad. so as to raise wonder. 
Ad-m -ra'tion.n. thoactofadmiring ; wonder, 
Ad-m r'er, n. one who admires ; a love" 
Ad-mlr'mg-ly, ad. in an admiring maimer. 
Ad-mit', V. (L. ad, mitlo) to give lo^ve 
to enter; to allow; to grant. 

met. thftre, Ur; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nCt."^^;7^^^;;;^, 



Ad-mIs'«l-blo, a. that riiny ba admitted. 
Ad-mls'sion, n. tlio act ohidmittiiiu'. 
A( -mlt ta-blc, a. that ir.ay bo admitted. 
Ad-niTt'tance, n. porr.iission to enter, 
Ad-mU'tcr, »». one 'vho admits. 

Ad-niTxt'ion, n. (L. ad, ynixtum) tho 
union of one ;jo((^ with anotlicr. 

Ad-nilx'turo, n. tho substance mingled. 

Ad-mon'ish, v. (L. ad, monco) to warn ; 
to eihort ; to roprovo sently. ' 

Ad-mi}n, ». one wiio adnionislies. 

i,i ^""" i' ?'"'''"'' "•"°''^'e"ff 'fits (>■• duties. 

^nV'""'-.,"- ^'"-^ '""^ 0*" 'I f "'It or duty 
counsel ; s:ciitle reproof. ^ ' 

Ad , ?,?%;"•'*•""'"' ','• -"^ "«""»' '-"l^scr. 
AU-nKln i-tive, a. tliat admonislies. 
Ad-niOn i-tor, n. 0!ic wlio adnionislics. 
Ad-mOH'i-to-ry, a. that iuhuciislics. 

•Ad-nas'fpcnt, «. (L. w^/, nascw) srow- 
. ins upon somothinir else. '^ 

Ad natc, a. growing upon. 

Ad'uoun, n. {, 7iomcn) an adjective. 
A-do', n. (a, do ?) trouble ; bustle. 

Ad-o-les'cenco, Ad-o-les'ncn-cy, n. (L 
rt(?, o/w) tlie state of prowins; vouth. ' 
Aci-o-iCii feiit, a. growing to nianHood. 

A-dopt' w. (L. ad, opto) to take as a 
son or dau-]iter ; to receive as one's own. 

A-( opt cd-ly, ad. in the manner of adoption. 

A-dop tion, 11. tlio act of adoptin". 

A-d6p tive, a. that adopts or is adopted. 

A-doro' V. (L. ad, oro) to worship with 
external horaaRO ; to love intensely. 

4-aura-bIe, a. worthy of adoration. 

Ad^o-rfi'tion, n. divine worship; homare. 

A-dor'er, ?t. one who adores. 

A-dorn', V. (L ad, orno) to dress ; to 

deck ; to embellish. 
A-dorn'ing, n. ornament ; decoration. 
A-dorn ment.M. oraaiuent; embellishment. 
A-drift', ad. (S. adrifan) floatiiifr at 

random ; moving without direction 


Ad-um-br.Vtion. n. a, shadow ; a faint sketch. 

stV;^,f??"' ": ^^- «''» ««««) the 

btatoof being united; union. 

A-diiu'9i-ty, n. (L. ad, uncus) crook- 

edncss ; form of .a hook. 
A-danque', a. crooked ; hooked. 

^^£'f*V- ^.^- "''^' "*'«"0 burnt up. 

A-dast cd, a. burnt ; scorched ; hot. 

A-dust ion, »». tho act of burning up or drying. 

Ad-van9e>. (Fr. avcV) to bring or 
go forwa-d; to improve; to pay before- 
hand.-;*, a going forward ; i in pro yen en t. 

proferment ; improvement. 
Ad-vau'fcr, n. one who advances. 

Ad-van'tage, n. (Fr. avani) superiori- 
ty ; benoilt; gain.— f. to benefit. 

Ad-viln ta^'c-a-ble, a. profitable.'^'eous, a. profitable ; useful. 

Ad-van-tri'gcous-ly, ad. conveniently. 

Ad-van-tfi'geous-ness, n. profitableness. 

Ad-van'tage-grOQnd, n. ground that gives 
adv-antage or superiority. 

Ad-yuno', v. (L. ad, veiiio) to come to ; 
to bo added to. ' 

A ^Vjf;''?^"*;"*' ^' '^""V"?? from outward causes. 

Afl vent, n. a coming; the coniiuL' of our 
Saviour; a season of devotion, mcludina 
the four weeks before ^ 

Ad-ven-ti'tious, a. accidental ; casual. 

A 1 ''^"^'^'^'. "• <;oi"'"fr from without. 

Ad-vOnt u-al, <j. relating to the advent. 

Ad->ent'uro, v. (L. ad, ventuni) to try 
the chance ; to dare ; to risk.-n. a chance • 
an enterprise ; a hazard. ^ ' 

Ad-vdnt'u-rer, n. one who adventures. 

Ad-vent'u-rous, a. bold ; daring. 

Ad-vent'u-rous-Iy, ad. boldiy; daringly. 

. , -,, Vr. .>.v.>,.uu. ■'-"-'"^"^"-'•ous-iy.aa. boldiy; daringly. 

s&^;'activ^e^^;g"o'n&s!'^ '^'^''''MHlfhj'^^i^ ""'' T''^^"'") ^ ^^^^^ 
A dr'^r;if ' "'• '>^^'f V^"y ; cleverly. S, o'^q . yTt\S j'nl' °^ ^"""'^^ 

A-dr.n ness,^«. dexterity ; skill ; readiness. Ad-ver'b -a{,\ peftnin^^''tc'a^?adverb. 

Ad-ver'bi-al-iv. nrf ni/,i .,., „j i. 

A-<lry', a. (S. adrigan) thirsty. 

Ad-sgi-ti'tious, rt. (L. Gf/, Wi7««») ad- 
ditional; supplemental. 

Ad-strTc'tion, n. (L. a<J, strictum) tho 

iict of lundiiig together. 

Ad-u-LVtion, «. (L. rtff^^o?-) flattery. 
Ad u-la-to-iy, a. flattering. "' 

A-diilt', a. (L. adnli%,m)?j:Qy<fn up — 
n. a person grown up. 

A-dul'ter-atc, f. (L. <7rf, alter) to cor- 
rupt; to dobaso.-rt. corrupted ; debased. 
4-( u-ter-a'tion, n. the act of adulterating. 

4 If"'"'^'"' "■ ^ '"'^" P"'"y of adultery. 
A-< ui ter-es:s «. a woman guilty of ndufterv. 
A-dul ter-ino, «. acliild born of au adulteress. 

— «• spurious. 
A-^lri'.'tyr-ous, a. guilty of a.luUery. 

Ad-ver'bi-al-iy, ad. like an adverb. 
Ad'vcrse, a. (L. ad, verstim) turned 
against; contrary; calamitous; afflictive. 
AdWsa-rv, n. an opponent; an eneniv! 

A(i-yersa-tivo,«.notiiigoppo!;iiion or variety. 
Ad vcrse-ly, a.?, oppositely ; unfortunately. 
AcNverso'iiess, n. opposition. ' 

Ad-vei-'si-ty, n. affliction ; misfortune. 
Ad-vert', v. (L. ad, verto) to turn or. 
attend to ; to reg.ard ; to observe. 

Ad vl^r'f,',','? "•^'^t/"'."'-^''"-?^'' "• -'"ention to. 
Ad-\er tent, a. attentive ; heedfuL 

Ad-Tor-tTso', V. (L. ad, vertof to in- 

lorm ; to give public notice. 
Ad-ver'tijo-ment, n. hiformation ; tnteffl. 

gonce; public notice. 
4'|-ver-tlj'er, u. one that advertis«» 

Ad-ver-tls'imr. n mulno. i„.„!i; .. * 

nishing or containing advertisemerta. 

tube, trib. fail; or;, crypt, W^^^liT^^^^^l^^^T:!^^^ 

h ^ 




f2^n ' f • ^^''- ?'""^''> t« counsel ; to 

A( -vis ed, a. prudent ; wise. 

Ad-vlj ed-ly, aii. doliburately; priidontlv 

Ad-v je'ment, n. counsel; infonAatiori. 

Ad-vlj er, n. one wlio advises. 

Ad-vi^'inj,', n. counsel ; .-vdvice. 

Ad-vi'p, 71. advice ; consideration. 

Ad-vl-jo-ry, a. having power to advise. 

Ad'vo^jate, u. (L. ad, voco) to pload 
for; to support; to defend.— n. one who 
pleads; an intercessor; a defender. 

Ad-vo-cu'tion, tu the act of pleading. 

iH'v^"^''':^^'.'*- ^^° ""' of pleading; pica. 
Ad vo^ate-slup, n. tlie duty of an adVocate. 

'J^^vT.'^^.'*^^' "• ^^'^'' (ivoutrie) adultery. 
Ad-vflu'tror, n. an adulterer. "' 

Ad-vOQ'trcss, «. an adulteress. 
Ac" vOQ'trous, a. adulterous. 

Ad-vow'soii, n. (L. ad, voveo) a ri.>-ht 
to present to a beuelicc. "= 

Adz. Sco Addice. 

^'dllo. SeoEdile. 

Ae'rie. Soo Eyry. I 

A-c'ri-al, n. (L. aer) beloiiffinc: to tlio 
air ; consisting of air ; liigh ; loft^ 

A cr-i-funu, a. having the form of air. 

^ er-o-litc, ji. a meteoric stone. 

A-ei--ol o-py, n. a description of the air. 

a.-er-()iu e-ter, 71. an uistrument for weiVli- 
ingair.or measuring tlie mean bulk of ras-es 

A er-o-naut, n. cue who sails in the air. 

A-LT-o-naiit'ic, a. sailing in tlic air. 

A-cr-o-sta tion, n. the science of weighing 
the air; aerial navigation. ° ^ 

AJH-mt'k, /Es-thct'i-cal, n. (Gr. «;*- 

ilutos) relating to sentiment or feeling. 
A-ftir' ad. (a, far) at or to a distance. 
Af 'fa-blo, (,. (L. ad,fari) easy of man- 
?f"f' ", ' ,^.""''t«ous ; complaisant. 
Ti'txl'^^'' "■ coiirtcnusncss ; civilitv. 
At fa-b e-ness, «. courtesy; condescension. 
AI la-bly, a<l. m an alhible manner. 

Af-fair', n. (L. ad, facere) business : 
concern ; transaction ; a rencounter. 

Af-fcct* u (L. ad, factum) to act upon ; 
to move the passions ; to aim at ; to be 
fond ot ; to malic a show of. 

If f^*'^!"""' "• ^'^'''^ **how5 pretence. 
Af ff '^',^' «-,'".'^^'"li f"" of allectation 

Af Vr.'I^'/ "••'"*"'• '"" 01 altectatio 
4J-'f' ' ?<1-Jy. «'?• in an affected manner. 
■Aj-Jf ' P8^. P- a- moving the feelings. 

^f-J^ction,«.desuo; love; kindness. 

*J«vf!''""*^'^"• f"ll of affection; fond. 
Af-fCc^tion-ate-ly, cut. fondly; tenderly. 
ff-'f-c tion-ate-uess, n. fondues.^ ; tenderness. 
Af-fec^tioned. a. inclined ; mentally disposed 
Af-tcct'ive, a. that affects. '^i^stu. 

Af-fect'er, rt. one who affects. 
Ai-f I^anfo. Sco under Affy. 

Af-fi-da'vit, n. (L.) a written declara- 
tion on oath. 

Af-flnod', a. (L. ad, flms) joined bi 
afhnuy ; related to. / J"*"ou uj 

Af-fln'i-ty, «. relation by marriniro- con. 
nexion; resemblance; attraSf' 

positively ; to ratftV ; to establish. 
Af-fjrm a-ble, a. that may be affirmed. 
Af tir",M-\'^'''' "• '■•oV^'-niation ; declaration. 
Af-fir-iKi'tion, «. the act of affirmiiiK dil 

chirat.on; averment; ratification.^* 

:ll!^ ?■''/''' ""• ^'"t ^ffi'-ms ; positive.-n. 

that which contains an affirmation 
Af-firm a-tive-ly, ad. positively. 
Af-tirm'er, n. one who affirms. 

^t^S,'?.!'** ^^-i ^"^' •^'^"'«> *o "'lite to 

tne end; to sulyom. 
Af'hx ,(. something added to the end of a word. 
Af-f ix'ion, 71. the act of affixing. 

Af-fla'tus, n. (L.) divine inspiration. 

.P'?,'",«9 grieve; to distress. ^ 

m"«, '."'""'•■^''•."- "'°**tateof beingafflicted. 
Af'm'- r"*"' "• '•i«t'-£-^'S; calamity ; misery. 
Af" '''?•""'',''■ P'""^"' ; calamitous. ^ 

Af-iUc tivc-ly, a</. in an alHictive manner. 

Af'flu-enyo, n. (L. ad, Jim) riches* 
r,^;?-'ilth; plenty; abundance. ^ "'^ ' 

if/« ■'^"'♦f;'^''""''-'"': wealthy; rich. 
Af 'Hux, n. that which flo^vs to. 
Af-flux'ion, 71. tlhj act of flowing to. 

"^I'/n^"^,''/- 9- "'^' •^^'•'"« ?) to Yield : 
« roduce; o grant; to be able to sell;' 
to be able to bear expenses. ' 

Af-for'est, V (Fr. a, farCt) to turn 
ground into forest. 

into l?,resl?'""' "" '''' '''* oft""'ing ground 
Af-frfiy', V. (Fr. effraycr) to terrify _ 

«. a quarrel; a tumult; a disturbance.' 
A-lraid , a. struck with fear; territied. 
Af-frio-Jit;, af.frit', v. (S. frihtan) to 
.f'j";'VJ,t'> terrify.-^, terror ; fear. ^ 
^Jfl -i^ 't eii-ly, ail. with fear. 

ff m''' '^'"'' ^- "''■"'^'•'^ 5 dreadful. 
At-fright'meut, Jt. fear; terror. 

^\oo£^ "; ^^- "'^^ •^'•''«*> to i"sult ; 

to oflend.— «. insuu ; outraire. ' 

At-iront^ing,iA a. contuiiKlious; abusive 
At-front'ive, a. causing affront, 

u^"£'?"'' ^- ( ^i- «'-',/"."/m) to pour upon. 
At-fu'Mon, 71. the act of pouring upon. ^ 

^^biS'' r ^^\ ""'' •^"^"> t« betroth ; to 
bhid ; to trust m ; to confide. 

A •" I'v,'.^'" "■ ^'^''■""'"^1 ; JoincJ I'y contract. 
At-iia.iiv', /,. a marriago contract; confl. 
dcnce.-.. to betroth ; to give conh'dencf 
A-ficld', ad. {a, field) to or in the field. 
A-fire', (td. {a, fire) on fire. 
A-flaat', ad. {a, float) iloating. 
A-foot', ad. {a, foot) on foot ; in action. 

A;foro',p,v7J. (S./«m;0 before; soonei 
in tune.— at/, in time past : in front 

— —-..-. ..> tiMit.±\, ^(*at( . Ill jrfjiii^ 

t'Atc. fat. far, f«ll ;"me. met. ^^^'^'^'^^^^T^^^^^^^^:^^^::^^ 

■ AFO 21 

A-rore^Ji.ind, at/, by a previous provision. 
A-,oro mCn-tionetl, a. mentioned before. 
A-f<jre'numocl, a. immed before. 
A-fore said, a. said before. 
A-fOre'timo, ad. in time past. 
A-fraid'. See under Affray. 
A-fresli', ad. (a, fresh) anew ; again. 
Af'ri-can, a. belonging to Africa — 
«. a native of Africa. ^ ^jrtca. 

A-^front', ad. ia, front) in front. 

Aft, ad. (S. cef() behind ; astern. 

Af tcr, prep, following in place or time ; be- 

Af Pr ''T"""^''"^ i"-^-^' '" succeeding time. 

Xf'f ^' "• " subsequent act. 

Al ter-a-ge§,M.p?. succeeding times; posterity. 

■^J,fer-band, n. a future band or chain. 

Af ter-birth, n. the placenta. 

At ter-cl,1p, n. a subsequent event. 

Ai ter-cOst, n. subsequent expense. 

At ter-course, n. future course. 

4' ter-crOp, n. the second crop. 

if /♦ "B'"°' ".• * subsequent scheme. 

Af 'ter-life, n. future life. 

4f 'ter-math, n. the second crop of grass. 

Af'ter-niOst, a. hindmost. 

4f ter-nodn, w. time from noon till evcnina 

At ter-p;uns, n. pi. pains after birth. 

4f 'ter-part, n. the latter part. 

Af ter-piGfe, n. a short piece after a play. 

Af ter-proot, n. posterior evidence. 

Af ter-state, m. the future state. 
iol''!'i*''°"5^'*' a^'ter-thfit, n. reflection af- 
ter the act ; expedients formed too late. 

^t ter-tlme, n. succeeding time. 

Af ter-ward, Af'ter-wards, ad. in later or 
subsequent tiule. ' 

Af'ter-wit, n. contrivance too late. 

A'ga, n. a Turkish military officer. 

A-gain, a-gen', ad. (S. affen) a second 

tune ; once more ; in return. 
A-gainst', prep, in opposition to ; contrary. 

A-gape', ad. (a, (jape) staring with 
eagerness or wonder, ^ 

Ag'a-ric, n. (Gr. agarUcmi) a kin<l 

of mushroom used in physic and dyeing. 
A-gast'. See Aghast. 

Xl^t*^'!?'.)"/.'^^''''/''*^ aprecious stone. 
Ag-a-ty, a. of the nature of agate. 

A^e,'n. (S. agan ?) any period of time : 
a generation of men; a hundred years' 
maturity ; decline of life. " ' 

A ^'ed, a. old ; stricken in years. 

A'gent, n. (L. ago) one who acts : 

a substitute ; a factor.-a. that acts. 
ARen-9y, «. the state of being in action; 

A >? ?j "^^ °^ "" ^'?''"' or factor. 
/W-^'Cnda, n. business to bo done; amemo- 

JSVp"n^T'''°°'' ;»-*'' '■'i"''^^ O"" scrvicc-book. 
A pnt-ship, n. the office of an agent. 

Ag-glom'er-ate, «. (L. ad, qlomus) to 

Rather tin in n i.nii . *,, „^Q^yt'.:.. / " 


Ag-glOm-er-a'tion. n 

n. nTnivir.jy r\f 1 

Ag-glu'ti-nato, v. (L. ac/, fl/«/f;„) *« 
unite one part to another. •^'"'^"'' " 
Ag-glu ti-naht, «. uniting parts toffother 

iltt^'Tf-'"'' "•,""'?"' cohesion. '• 
Ag-glu ti-na-tivo, a. having power to unite. 

Ag'gran.dizo, v. (L. ad, qrandis) in 
make great; to exalt; to enlarge. ^ 

mg ; the state ol being aggrandized. 
Ag'gj-a-vate, w. (L.arf, ^/ratJw) to makk 

worne ; to enhance ; to increase. 
Ag-gra-va'tion, n. the act of making worsa 
Ag'gra-va-ble, a. that may aggravate. 

Ag'gre-gate, v. (L. erf, <7mr) to collecl 
together.-^ formed o/ parts colkctcd.!^ 
^ M. iho sum of parts collected. 
A^fl'f^'r^^' «^- collectively; taken in mass. 
X^'i„ '^-^ J-°"'"-"'^^*ofcoIlectingintoono. 
if'frrS-".''''*'' *"• ^^''^ together; collective. 
Ag'gre-ga-tor, n. one who coUects is to a mass. 

Ag-gress' v. (L. ad, &ressum) to com- 
mit the first act of violence. 
Ag-grt's'sion, w. the first act of injury. 
Af '^IT^' *'• "^""^"^S the first attack. 
Ag-gr6s sor, n. one who does the first injury. 

Ag-grieve', V. (L. ad, gravis) to give 

sorrow; to vex ; to injure; to harass. 
Ag-griev anco, n. injury ; wrong. 

Ag-group', V. (Fr. «, .^roz^jse) to brine 
together into one figure. ^ ^ '''' """i> 

^Cv&f' ^■^^''*'' ""- <S. ,9«50 Struck 
with horror ; amazed ; terrified. 

A^'ile, a. (L. ago) active ; nimblo. 
A-^'H i-ty, 71. activity; nimbleness; quickness. 
A'gi-0, n. (It.) the difference between 

the value of bank notes and current coin. 
A-|ist', V. (Fr. g'ae) to take the cattlo 
A °I,^l, .*° pasture at a certain rate. 
A-^Ist'ment, n. the feeding of cattlo. 
A-^Ist'or, n. an officer of the king's forest. 

Ag'i-tate, V. (L. ago) to put in motion : 
to disturb ; to discusg. ' 

A^-i-ta'tion, n. state uf being agitated ; dia. 
cussion ; violent motion of the mind. 

Ag i-ta-tor, n. one who agiutes. 

^S^ot, Aig'let. n, (Fr. aiguillette) a 
point at the end of a fringe. ' 

Ag'nate, a (L. ac?. na^wm) allied to: 

akm from the father's side. ' 

\\^t^!.f' "• 'f "^''"S *" '^«8cent by the mala 
uno of ancestors. 

Ag-na'tion, n. descent in the mak line. 
•Ag-nize', V. (L. ad, nosco) to ackaowr- 

ledge ; to own ; to avow. 
Ag-iii'tion, ». acknowledgment. 

^f;n??""*,^l' ^' <^- «^' '^^^W) to 

name; to cjill byname. 

Ag-n(-)iu-i-na'tioii, «. allusion of one word U 

another by sound ; an additional name. 
Ag'nus, n. (L.) a little image repre- 

acntingour Saviour in ihr- « -•: - '^ • 




f . 


K-gCt'iTi^, p. a. in motion. 
A-gOne', ad. in time past. 

^d&Z^- ^^'■- "•'5'^s'7°) i« a State of 

desire ; strongly excited. 
Afj'o-ny, n. (Gr. af/on) violent pain. 

fli'nf","''^; "• *ol^oJi excessive yaiu; to af- 
A^-o-nlz'ing-ly, acC. witli extreme anpiiisli. 
Ag-o-nl8't.c, ig-o-nls'ti-cal, a. relatins to 

pnze-figliting, or atiiletic combats. 

A-giji'ri-an, a. (L. c//e?r) relating to 

tielda or grounds. ° 

A-gres'tic, a. relating to the country. 

^'rE^^'l ^- ^^^- "' .9''^) to be in cou- 
cord ; to concur; to become friends. 

A-gruc a-b e, a. suitable to ; pleasing. 

A-grcf a-ble-nes9, n. suitableness to ; quality 
of pleasing; rosembhince. ^ 

A-grue'ii-bly,w. consistently with ; pleasingly. 

.\-grced', p. a. settled l,y consent. ^ 

A-grC-e'ment,n. concord; compact; bargain. 

^ art of cultivating the pround. 

tni"o?i'*""''i'l' "• i"'''^'-'.'? to agrienltnro. 
Ag-n-cul tu-rist, n. one sldlled in the art of 
cultivating the ground, >- it i, oi 

A-ground', ad. {a, ground) stranded. 
A.'guo, n. (S. ccge) an intermitting fever, 

with cold tits.— v. to strike as with ""ue. 
4 gued a. struck with ague ; Miivering. 
4 gu-ish a. having the quaUties of agSe. 
4;gue-flt, M. the paroxysm of ague. 
A gue-proof, a. proof against agues. 
A gue-spell, n. a charm for the ague. 

Ah, a., ird. noting dislike, contempt, 
exultation, compassion, or complaint. 

"^^nd'c'onimit'. '"'■ ^''^P^^^^^^S triumph 
■^--Jiead', ad. (a, head) further on. 
A-hoy', int. a sea term used in hailing. 
Aid, V. (L, ad. jutum ?) to help ; to as- 

sist ; to succour.— w. help ; support, 
4id anye, M. help ; support; assistance. 
Aid er, n. one who brings lieln. 

Aw^ll' "• » *''0"Rl»«'e98, gay poreon. 
tit/MX ,• '<='»ting to the air ; gay ; sprlchtU 
A r'lil^fid-der, «. a blaudor filled with air? ^ 
Air born, a. born of the air; fancitul. 
Air'buTlt. a. built in the air. 

4 r gun, n, a gun charged witli air. 

fair's ;essoir"'""° ''' "'^^"''""^ "" 

AirS' "■ '} P"«^^f?o /"'• the air into mines. 
Air tiglit, ar'tit, a. not admitting t!:a air. 

^i,?l°'^ '?• (L,fl/a) the wing or sida 
of a church ; a walk in a churchf 

A^jjir',.crf. (S. accrran ?) half opened. 

A-kin', a. (a, ^j„) related to ; allied 

by blood ; partaking of the same properties. 

AKi-bas-tcr n. (Or. alalmstron) a kind 
of Mft marble.— a. made of alabaster. 

^■,1'^fK',"''- ^'" expression of sorrow. 
A-iack a-dfiy, mt. denoting sorrow. 

A"-^^?.'"-ty5 n. (L, alacer) chcorfnlncss ; 
hvehness; cheerful willingness ; readiness. 

A-]£lrm',n. (Fr. li Varme ?) a cry of dan- 
ger ; sudden terror.— D. to call to arms ; tu 
excite fear m ; to disturb; to surprise. 

A- arming, ». a. terrifying ; giving alarm, 

A-lann ing-ly, ad. m an alarming manner 

A-iarm ist, n, one who excites alarm. 

A- urm bCll, n. a bell rung to give alarm. 

A-iarm r st, n. the post or place of meet- 
ingm ^.ise of alarm. 

A-larm'wiitf h,w.a watch that strikes the hour, 

A-iris' int. (Fr. Mlas) a word exprcss- 
mg lamentation, pity, or concern. 

Alb, n. (L. albus) a white linen vest- 

ment worn by priests, 
A -bi-fi-cu'tion, n. the act of making white. 
Ai-bl no, n. a person unnaturally white. 
Al-bu-gln'e-ous, a. like the white of an egg. 
Al-bQr'num, n. the white or soft part of wood. 
Al bum, n. a book for inserting autographs. 

Allja-tross, n. a largo aquatic bird. 
""noSst^din^g^^"' ^'* ''^ ^^*^«"S'^J 

Aid les3,a.helplcss; unsupported; undefended. 

'')i*lr?.!!,'^if:l*::'=lVAs."- (F.;.) a military Al'ca-hest, Al'ka-hgst, n. (Ar.) a pre- 

_ omcer who conveys the general's orders. 
Ai'gret, n. (Fr. aigrette) the heron. 
Ai'gu-let. See Ag'let. 

^il, V. (S. eglan) to pain ; to trouble. 
4i nig, p. a. sickly; full of complaints. 
All ment, n. pain ; disease. 

tended universal dissolvent! 

Al-ciiid', n. (Sp.) a governor or iudca 
in Barbary and Spain. ° 

Al'chy-my, n. (Ar.) occult chemistry. 

or tliat part of chemistry which propose! 

tlie transmutation of metals. 
Al-chym'i-cal, a. relating to alchjTny. 

Aim, V. (L. cestimo ?) to direct towards • ' A M^n^- In 'v" ^!^V"^ ^'^ alchj-my. 

to strive to hit ; to attemnt to rca Mi -« ri ! ' A i v ? .'"^al-y. ad. by means of alchymj, 
. rection ; endeavour :de£n/nt':w";l''- f, 'il^Sil':''- ?"' ""^^ f.tudies alchymy.'' 

41-clij-mIs ti-ci-1, a. practising alchymv. 

rection; endeavour; design; conjecture, 
Ami'er, n. one who aims. 
Aim'lcss, a. without aim or object. 
Air, n. (L. aer) the fluid winch wo 
bieathe ; gentle wind ; the mien of a per- 
son; n tmie.— I', to expose to the air; to 
.vwrm by the tire. " * • lu 

^ir'i-ness, n. exposure to the air; gayotv, 
4!r mg, M. a short excursion to enjoy the air. 
Air less, a. not open to the free air. 

Archy-mlzc, v. to transmute. 

Al'co-hol, n. (Ar,) pure spirit. 
41'co-ho-llze, V. to convert into alcohol, 
Al-co-hol-i-za'tion, n. the act of converting 
mto alcohol. ' 

■^^^''iJ'^l?'/*' ^^^' ^^' ^oran) tho book 

of the Mohammedan faith. 
Al-co-r;tn'ish, a. relating to tho koran. 

fate, fat, far. tall; nio, met. there, her; pine. pin. field, fir; note. n6t, nor. m"^;;;;;;;, 



Al-cGvo', n. (Sp. akoba) a rocesa in a I 
chaiubor ; an arbour. 


Ai'dor, n. tho name of a trco 
Al'deni, a. made of alaar. 

Al'der-man, n, (S. enld, mati.) a niajris- 
„ trate in <v tov/n corpnrat?. 
Al'dur-iuan-ly, a. liko an al(lon;!;ii). 

Alo n. (S. cafe) fcrmeutcd malt lir(uor. 
Al ish, a. reserablitiff ale. 
Ale'bi'nfh, u. a bench in an alnlimis>\ 

Alu'liouse, »», a house where alo is sold. 

MstuS' "• ^'^'-^ '^ "'^'^^^ ""'"'^ ^^ 
A-lert'noss, n. sprightliness ; briskness. 
Al-ox-an'dnne,n, a verse of twclvo svl- 


a. (Ijri. (, pharmahon) expelling poison. 
Al'ge-bra, n. (Ar.) a peculiar kind of 

Al-,tre-bru'i-cal, a. relating to algebra. 
A -^e-bra'i-cal-l.v, ad. by means of algebra. 
Al-;;e-bra'i3t, n. . skilled in algebra. 

Al'go-i-ism, Al>-rithm, «.°(Ar.) the 

Al'gua-zil, n. (Sp.) a Spanish officer of 
justice ; a constable. 

A'li-as, ad. (L.) otherwise. 

Al'i-bl, n. (L.) elsewhere ; the plea of a 

I)erson who, when charge. 1 with a crime. 

_ alleges that he was in another place, ' 

Al'icn, a. (L. fl!&«r;s) foreign : . tran- 
gedfroin.-H. a foreigner; a stranger.-j;. 
to trans er property ; to estrange. 

Al ;en-a-ble, a. that may bo transferred. 

Ai len-ate, v. to transfer property to another • 
to withdraw theafifectioni-4. wUhd^^awn 

. from ; estranged. ■•""i.iwu 

Al-ien-a'tion, n. the act of transfoi-ring pro- 

perty ; change of affection. 
Al len-a-tor, n. one who alienates. 

A-Iight' a-lit', V. (S. a, lihtan) to come 
down ; to dismount. 

A-lIke', a. («, like) having resemblance. 
— <ui. in the same manner or form. 

Al'i-mcnt, n. (L. alo) nourishment : 
yfood; support- ^v-uK , 

Al-i-ment'al, a. nourishing; nutritious. 
I -i-mCnt'al-ly, ad. so as to nourish. 
AM-m6nt'a-ry, «. belonging to aliment. 
Ai-i-men-ta'lion, n. the act of iiourisliing. 
Al i-mo-ny n. the allowance to a married 
woman when separated from her husband. 
Al'i-quant, a. (L, aliquantus) parts of 

never make up t^e number exactly : u a li 
an ahquaut part of 10. "^'V .Man 

Ari-quot, a. (L.) parts of a number 
which will measure it exactly, without a,f» 
remainder : as 3 is an aliquot part of 12.^ 

A-llv'o', a. (a, live) having life ; not 
«ead; active; cheerful. ' 

AlTia-li n. (Ar. al, kali) a salt which 
neutralizes acid: pJ.'ill'ka-lies. " 

A J va-los yent, a. slightly alkaline. 

Al ka-hue, a. having the quahties of alkali. 

All, a. (S. call) tho whole ; everv one • 
every part.-n. the whole; every tiling.- 

i«'^\9""f i completely; wholly. "^ ^ 

A -tools-day', n. tho first of April. 

A -fouri', n. a low game at cards. 

A -hail', int. all health.-i,. to salute. 

All-saint.j-day', n. tho first of November. 
AU-soulj-duy', n. the second of November. 


Af-layVr, n. one who allays. 

Al-lay'meut, n. the act of allaying. 

Al-l&e', V. (L. ad, lego) to affirm : Ij 
declare ; to plead in excuse. 

Al-loge .a-ble, a. that may be alleged. 

Al-Ie-ga'tion,ji. affirmation; plea; excuie. 

Al-le'giau9o, n. (L. ad, liqo) tho duty 
of a subject to the government. 

Al'le-go-ry,n. (Gr. allos,aqora) a figur- 
ative discourse, implying soinething tfat ia 
not literally expressed. 

o'f'n'f nih ^1-1^-S'X'-'^''"' «• in tl'o form 
ot an allegorv ; not literal. 

A e-go-iist, n. one who teaches by allemry, 
Al'le-go-rlze, v. to turn i to allegory. ^ 

^in^mSi^' "• ^^*-^ ^ sprightly motion 

Al-le-lu'jah, al-le-lu'ya, n. (Heb.) a 

^Lw^'^:**°' ^- ^^- '^'^' ^^^^■«) to make 

A,'f-''M *?,.'''''se; to soften; to extenuate. 

h^f ?-*^'i°"' **• "'^ '*°* of making light 1 
that which eases pain. ° * 

Al'ley, 71. (Fr. aMe) a walk in a gaj-- 

den; ft narrow passage. ° 

Al-ll'anpo. Seo under Ally. 

AI-li'gien-5:y, n. (L. arf./arjo) the power 
of attracting; attraction; magnetism 

Al'li-gate, y. (L. ad, ligo) to tie toge- 
ther; to join; to unite. * 

Al-h-ga'tion, w. tho act of tyiag together • « 
rule of arithmetic. ^ lofeemer , « 

Arii-ga-tor, n. (L. lacertal) the .rbne- 
rican crocodile. 

Al-li'sion, 71. (L. ad, Iwsum) the act of 
striking ono thing againsc another. 


iQbe, tab, full; cri-, crjfpt, m Jrrh ; tOll, b6y, Oar, nOvir, 

cr-iiiion, M. (L. «a, A7gra) the 

, new J f cde, ge u, rai^, c-jist, thia 




befflnnlnB of govcial wordb in succosiiion 

with tllO HillllO lottlT. 

AUlu'or-ii-tivo, a. purtuinIiiK to nllitcrntlon. 
Ario-cato, V. (L. (kL locus) to place : 

^ lo not n«i(lL'. * ' 

Al-lo-cu'tiou, »». ft iiladtig or iwMiiiff to. 

Al-lo-cn'tioii, 71. (L. (ii/, lociilim) tho 
ni't or iimiinor of spwikiiig to. 

Al-lO'di-Hra, M. (S. /,■<),/) a iVw iiianor. 
Al-Io (U-ttl, «. Imlopuiidoijt of liny siii)uiiur. 

AMoii'. Soo Halloo. 
AI-lt<t' V. (S. h/oi) to sivo by lot : to 
Al-l(H'iueiit, «. tlmt which Is nllotted. 
Al-low', ,,, (S. a, li/jhn) to admit ; to 

Kniiit: t() |>i-rmit; to pay to; to luuko 

ubati'inontorpniviMion. ■ 

A -Irtw'a-blo, „. that may I.o allowed. 
A - (^w a- .o-iu-(vs, « tho hoiiiK allowable. 
A - .iw a-bly, ,ui. with .liiim of allowaiu-o. 
AiACW aiivo, n. poriiiissioii ; aanctioii ; ubato- 

inoiit ; a Kiaiit or Btiiiomi. ' 

Al-loy', V. ( L. ad, /h/n) todobaso by mix- 
mtx.—n. a baser mutal luixod witli a tinor. 

^I'>^M.¥\''- f"^.- '?''' ^'"'") to refer to : 
to hint at; to insinuato.\Mon,«.ari>foroncL«tosomcthiiigknown; 
fthmt; imiiiiplioalion. ^ ' 

A -111 8ivo-ly, ml. iii an allusivo miiiuior. 
AWu fiivo-iioss, n. tho boinij allusive. 

Al-lflro' t- (Fr. /^,/nr) to entice; to 

rtocoy ; to hold out temptations. 
Al-lore'meiit, ii. that wliieh allures. 
Al-lnr'or, M. Olio who allures. 
A - or'mjf, 11. the ]>o\ver to allure. 
Al-iur uig-ly, (1,^ ill Jill alluriiijj manner. 

Al-li-i'vi-ou, Al-lu'vi-,im, n. (L. «</, luo) 

earth deposited l.v water. 
Al-iu'vi-al, a. deposited by water. 

Al-ly' V. (L. ad, lifjo) to tinito bv kin- i ^ • ' 

Ahuji'dood, n. an net of charity. """ 

Aliiiji';;iv-cr, ». oiio wlio Rive* ahui 
Aliii;f'KTv-liijf, ti. tho Kiviii/; of alais. 
AlMi}^li"i03u, n. a houso for the poor. 
Aliuj'iu.ln, »(, a 111(111 siipporlud by alnii. 

Ai'nui/j;-(rCe, ?i. a treo iiioutioiied In 
beriptiu'o, ^'* "* 

AruoH, ?j. (C r. ahc) a troo ; a wood Cat 

perfumes ; a medicinal Juici., 
A -o-Ct'ie, a. eousiMiud of alo'.-a. 
Al-o-a i-ea|, rt. per',.iliiiinf to alocat C0» 

sistmgehiolly of aloes. 

A-lolV, «(/. (S. /////) on bi^'h ; in < ao air, 
A-lOno', a. («:, v.;, ', y'- ,jio . solitary. 
A-l(1iift' «r/. (h. ,: , Jiff) at length : 

tliroiiKliout ; torvs " ' 

A-lon^j'sido, ad. by tno s!do of ft slilp. 
A-loof, ad. {all, off) at a diatauoo. 
A-loiid', ad. (a, loud) loudly : with a 

groat iioi^jo ; with a strong voieo. ^ 

Alp, w. (C. ?) a lofty nioiiiitaiu. 

Al i)ine, a. luountaiuous ; liigh. 

Al'plia, n. the first letter iu tho Greek 

^aliiliabet; tho first. 
Al'plia-bet, V. tho letters of a languaRC. 
A -pha-b.-t-.Vri-an, n. an A. H. CV scholar. 
Al-pha-bet'ie, Al-i.ha-bet'i-cal, a. m tho or. 

der or maimer of tho alphabet. 
Al-pha-bCt'i-eal-ly, ad. in alphabetic order. 

Al-read'y, ad. (all, ready) now : at 

this time. ' 

Al'so, ad. (S. call, swa) iu tho eamo 

iiiauner ; likuwibe. 

Al tar, n. (L. alius) tho placo whoro 

olleriii-s are laid ; the comiumiion tablo. 
A 1 tar-cloth, »i. a cloth thrown over the ultttr. 
Al'tar-pioyo, n. a painting overall altar. 
Al'tar-wljo, ad. pUicod like an altar. 

1)V friendship or treaty. 
Al-li'anye,H.reliUion; a league; a confederacy. 

^J;n^'?;^".?'^?^'"- ^-^r-) ''^ circle pa- 
^ rallel to the horizon. '■ 

Al'ma-nac, 7i. (At.) a book coutainini?- 
the days and inoutlu ; a calendar. 

Al-mii,'ht;y, ftl-mtt'y, a. (all, mujhh,) 
of unluiuted power; oiuuipoteut.-K. TLo 
.Omnipotent; Ood. 
Al-might'i-ness, n. uuliiuitod power. 

Al'mond, a'immd, n. (Vv. aiuande) tho 
. nut of tho almond tree. 
Al luouds, tu pi. tho glands of the throat. 

Al'niost, ad. (all, most) nearly ; well 
High ; for the greatest part. 

Alms, ams, n. (S. almcs) what isKivcn 
. to the poor. ^ 

Al'mo-ner, »». aii officer who distributes alms. 

^^!^1^a'7'-, ^''"'""y. »»• the place where alms 
^ are distributed. 

iVlma baa-ke t. v. a basket for receiving alms. 

^ make or becumo otherwise. 
Al'ter-a-ble, a. that m: i>c changed. 
Al'ter-aut, a. prodiicin-, change. 
Al-ter-a'tion, »». the act of altering; change 
Al'ter-a-tive, a. having thoquality of altering 

Al-ter-ca'tion, n. (L. alfcr) debate : 

stnle; controversy; wrangling. 

Al'torn, a. (L. altfr) acting by turns. 
Al-teruate, a. being by turns. — n. that whicl) 

liappeus alternately.— r. to perform alter. 

nately ; to change reciprocally. 
Al-tcr nate-ly, ad. in reciprocal succession. 
Al-ter-na tioii, n. reciprocal succession. 
Ai-terna-tive, u. tho choieo given of two 

things.— rt. olVering a choice of two things 
A -ter na-tive-ly, ad. by turns ; reciprocally. 
Ai-ter ui-ty, n. succession by tunis. 

Al -though', al-thC)', con. (all, ihough) 
notwithstaudiug ; however. 

Al'ti-tude, «. (L. alius) height ; clo« 
vation; superior excellence; highoatpoiutt 
Al-tls'o-ur.Mt, a. high sounding. 

fate, fat, far. fiU; mO. mft. tli^hir; pine, pin, field, fir; note. mit. nor, mftve. »««'; 



nluca; con* 

Al-to-K2th'or, ad. (all, to,i;alher)com- 
l>lotely ; without cxcuiitioiio 

\l'(iiri, n. (L. alumen) a mineral salt. 
^-n^ lui-iious, a. pcrUininK to iiliiin. 
11 uui-mh, a. having; tlio imtiiro of aliiiti. 
<^l'vvriys, ad. (all, way) perpetually ; 
continually ; constiuitly., tho first poraoii sinj^ular, iiidica- 
livo mood, prosoiit tonso, of tlio vurb to be. 

Am-a-bil'i-ty. Sco under Amiablo. 

A-infiia', ad. (S. mmpi) with forco : 

viKoi-ousIy ; vclioiiiently ; violently. 
A-mal'^ram, «. (dr. Jinma, namco ?) 

nuxtnro of nictiils ; a conipounil. 
A-iu,11'),'!i-niato, v. to mix or ui\ito motah. 
A-inftl-ga-nia'tion, n. tlio nut of nmalL'a- 

lUtttnig. ° 

A-maii-u-cii'His, n. ( L.) a person who 
writes what another dictates. 

Am'a-ranth, n. (Gr. a, maraino) a 

Hower whieh never fades. 
Am-a-riln'thino, a. consisting of aniarantlts. 

A-mar'i-tudo,n.(L. nmarus) bitterness. 

A-mass', v. (L. nd, massa) to collect 

into u heap ; to nccnmulate. 
A-mass'ment, n. a heap ; an accumulation. 

ous, a. (L. amatum) relating to love. 

Aui-a-teur', n. (Pr.) a lover of any art or 
•cienco, not a professor. 

A-nifizo', V. (a, maxc) to astonish ; to 
confound ; to perplex.— n. astonishment ; 
Mnfusion ; perplexity. 

A-ma'zed-ly, ad. with amazement. 

A-ma'zed-nesa, n. Btato of being amazed. 

A-mtlzo'ment, n. astonishment ; confusion. 

A-maz'iiip, p. a. wonderful ; astonishing. 

A-maz'mg-ly, ari. wonderfully; astonishingly. 

Aln'a-zon, n. (Gr. a, mazos) a warJiko 

woman ; a virago. 
Am-a-zcVni-an, a. relating to tho Amazons ; 

warlike ; bold ; of masculiuo manners. 

Am-br/ges, n. (L.) a circuit of words ; 
an indirect manner of expression. 

Ara-bSs'sa-dor, n. (S. ambchtl) a 
person sent in a public manner from ono 
sovereign power to another. 

Am-bas'sa-dress, n. tho lady of an ambassa- 
dor ; a Xemalo ambassador. 

AmT)er, n. (Ar. arrbar) a yellow 
transparent substance— a. consisting of 
amber — v. to scent with amber. 

Am'ber-grls, n. a fragrant drug. 

Am-bi-dex'ter, n. (L. ambo, dexter) 
one who can use both hands alike ; ono who 
Is equally ready to act on either side. 

*m-bi-dCx'trou3, a. using either hand ; prac- 
tismg on both sides ; double-dealing. 

Ara'bi-«nt, a. (L. am, co) surround- 
ing; euccmpassing ; investing. 

Am-bi-gu'i-ty, n. (L. am, ago) doubt- 

minesa of meaning ; Juubio meiuiiug. 

Am.blg'ii-ouR, a. doubtful; having two 

meanings ; of uncertain signlllciitlon. 
Am-bTg'u-ous-ly, ait. doubtfully; uncertainly. 

Am'bit, n. (L. am, Hum) tho compasi 

or circuit of any thing. 
Am-bl'tion, n. desire of honour or power. 
Am-bl'tious, a. desirouB of honour or power. 
Am-bi'tious-ly, ad. in an ambitious manner. 

Amljlo, V. (L. ambulo) to move be- 
tween a walk and trot.— n. a paco butweon 
y a walk and a trot. 
Am'bler, n. a horso taught to amblo. 

Araljo, n. (Gr. ambon) a reading desk 
or pulpit. 

Am-bro'sia, n. (Gr.) tho imaginary 

lood of the gods. 
Am-brf»'}i-al, Am-brfl'^i-an, a. of tho naturo 
of ambrosia; delicious; fragrant. 

Ara'bry, n. (nlinonn/) a placo whore 
alms aro distributed ; 'a pantry. 

Ambs-a^o', amz-us', n. (L. ambo, as) 

a double aeo. ^ 

Am'bu-lant, a. (L. ambulo) walking ; 
moving from placo to placo. 

Am-bu-lA'tion, n. tho act of walkiig. 

Am'bu-jflto-ry, a. having tho power of walk- 
ing ; moving from placo to placo. 

Amlbush, n. (Fr. en, bois) tho placo 
oract of lyingin wait.— place in ambush. 

Am-bus-cfide', n. a private station in which 
men lie to surprise others. 

Am'bQsh-ment, 7J. lying in wait ; surprise. 

Am'el, n. (Fr. einail) tho matter used 
for enamelling, 

A-mcl'io-rato, v. (L. ad, melior) to 

make better ; to improve. 
A-mel-io-r.1'tion, n. the act of making better. 

A-racn', ad. (Gr.) so bo it. 

A-mG'na-blo, a. (Fr. a, mener) liable 

to account ; responsible. 

A-mend', v. (L. a, menda) to correct ; 
to reform ; to grow better. 

A-mCnd'ment, n. change for tho better ; cor- 
rection ; reformation ; recovery. 

A-mOndj', n. recompense ; compensation. 

A-men'i-ty, n. (L. ammnris) pleasant- 
ness; agr ieablcness of situation. 

A-men-tiV9eous,«.(L.a?nen/Mm) hang- 
ing as by a thread. 

A-mer^o', v. (L. ad, mcrces) to punish 

by fine ; to inHict a penalty, , 

A-mi'-rfeVblo, a. liable to amercement 
A-miSrye'ment, n. punishment by line. 

A-mer'i-can, a. pertaining to Ameri- 
oa- — M. a native of America. 

Amej-aje'. See Ambs-age. 

Am'e-thyst, n.. (Gr. a, methu) a pre- 

clous stoBo of a violet colour. 
Am-e-thjst'ine, a. resembling an anaclliyst. 

A'rai-a-blo, a. (L. amo) lovely ; plcaa- 
.. Ing; charming; deserving nffei'tinTi. 
Am-a-bll'i-ty, n. lovelinc-s; power of pieasing 

l&b tab, full; cr?, crVpt, myrrh : tOTl. bftC, ft-'ir. nr; 

/,'!%, .ji-;)«, /ai&e, £i".?t. 'hir 





i'mi-a-ble-noss, n. quality of bcin,'? amiable, 
mi-a-bly, ad. in uii amiable iiwiincr. 

Am'i-antTi, Am-i-au'thns, n. (Gr. a, 
miaino) an incombiiatiblo mineral liliu ilax. 

Am'i-ca-ble, a. (L, amicus) friendly ; 

kind ; obliging j peaceable. 
Am^i-ca-blu-iioss, n. friendliness; good-will. 
Am'i-ca-bly, ad. in an amicable manner. 
Am'i-ty, n. friendship ; good-will. 

Am'if;e, 7i. (L. rtw?WM«) the undermost 

part of a priest's habit. 

A-mid', A-midst', prep. (S. an, midcl) 
in tlio midst ; mingled with ; among. 

A-miss', a. (S. mmian) faulty ; wronir : 
uuproper.— a(i. in a faulty manner. 

Am'i-ty. See under Amicable. 

Am-mo'ni-ac. n. (L. Ammon) a drug. 
Am-mo-iii'a-cal, a. pertaining to ammoniac : 
navmff the properties of ammoniac. 

Am-mn-m'tion, n. (L. ad, munitum) 
military stores. 

Am'nos-ty, n. (Gr. a, m'ncstis) an act 
of general pardon. 

A -mong' A-mongst', prep. (S. amang) 
mmgled with ; conjoined with. 

^m'o-ret, n. (L. amor) a lover. 
Am'o-rist, «. a lover; a gallant. 
Am o-rous. a. inclined to love. 
Am o-rous-ly, ad. lovingly ; fondly. 
Am o-rous-nc83, n. fondness ; lovingnoss. 
A-mOur', M. an affair of love ; an intrigue. 

A-mor'phous, a. (Gr. a,mornU) shape- 
less ; not having a regular form. 

A-mort', a. (L. ad, mors) in the state 
of the dead ; dejected ; depressed. 

A-mor-ti-za'tion, A-mor'tize-ment, n. the 
right nf transferring lands to mortmain. 

A-mor'tize, v. to alienate lands. 

A-mount' V. (L. ad, mans) to rise to : 
to compose in the whole.— ?i. the sum total. 

Am-phib'i-ous, a. (Gr. ampin, J/os) 
having the power of living in two elements : 
partaking of two natures. 

Am-phi-bol'o-gy, n. (Gr. amplii, baUo, 
^logot) discourse of uncertain meaning. 
Am-phi-bo-lfl^'i-cal, a. doubtful ; equivocal. 

Am-p]iib'o-lou3, a. (Gr. amphl, hallo) 

tossed from one to another. 
Am-phlb'o-ly, n. ambiguity of meaning. 

Am-phis-bsD'na,n. (Gr. amphl^,haino) 
a serpent supposed to move with either 
end foremost. 

Am-phTs'9i-T, n. (Gr. amphi, sMa) the 
inhabitants of the torrid zone, whose sha- 
dows fall in one part of the year to the north. 
and m the other to the south. 

Axn-phi-thc'a-tro, n. (Gr. arpvhi, then- 
iron) a building of a circular form, with 
seat." all round. 

Ait;'ri-cal, a. relating to exhibi- 

Ara'plo, <7. I L. ampins) large: widd s 

extended ; liberal ; diffusive. 
4.m'ple-nesji, n. largcnuss ; cxtonsiveneis. 
Am p i-ate, v. to enlarge; to extend. 
4m-p i-a tioii, 71. enlargement ; diffusoneas. 
Am p i-fy, ,. t(; enlarge; to exaggerate. 
Am-pli-h-ca tion, n. eiilargument ; cxtenuloa 
4"i pli-fl-er, n. Olio who iiiiiplilius. 
4m'pli-tu(li;,n. largeness; extent; capacity. 
Am ply, ad. largely ; liberally ; copiously, 

Am'pii-tatc, V. (L. am,puto) to cutoff 
a limb. ' 

Am-pu-ta'tion,n. the act of cutting off a limb. 

Am'u-Iet, n. (L. a, moles) a charm 
against evil or mischance. 

A-rausc', V. (L. a, musa) to cjitortain ; 

to divert ; to deceive. 
A-mujc'ment, n. that which amuses. 
A-mu.}'ing, p. a. entertaining; pleasing. 
A-muj^ive, a. having power to amuse. 
A-mO} ive-ly, ad. in an amusivo manner. 

An, (S.) the indefinite article, placed 
before words beginning with the sound ol 
a vowel. 

An-a-bap'tist, n. (Gr. ana, haplo) one 
who holds the doctrino that adults only 

„ should be baptized. 

An-a-bap'ti^m, n. the doctrine of Anabaptists. 

An-a-bap-tls'tie, An-a-bap-tls'ti-cal, a. re- 

„ lating to Anabaptists. 

An-a-b.1p'tls-try, n. the sect of Anabaptists. 

An-a-bap-tlze', v. to rebaptize. 

An-ach'o-rlto, n. (Gr. ana, choreo) 3 
monk who leads a solitary life ; a hermit. 

An-a-cho-rCt'i-cal, a. relating to an anacho 
rite or hermit. 

An-ach'ro-nism, n. (Gr. ana, chronoA 

an error in computing time. 
An-.lch-ro-nls'tie, a. containing an anachrp 

nism ; erroneous in date. 

A-nac-re-on'tic, a. relating to Anaa- 
roam in the manner of Anacreon. 

An'a-deme, n. (Gr. ana, deo) a chaplef 
or crown of flowers. 

An-a-gog'ic3, 71. pL (Gr. ana, ago) mys- 

terious considerations. 
An-a-gOg'i-cal, a. elevated ; mysterious. 

Ar/a-gram, ?i. (Gr. ana, gramma) the 
cnaiigo of one word into another by trans- 

„ posing the letters. 

An-a-gram-mat'i-cal, a. formingan anagram. 

An-a-gram-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of 

y an anagram. 

An-a-gram'ma-tism, n, the acit or practice 
of making anagrams. 

4n-a-grftm'nia-tist, n. a maker of anagrams. 

An-a-gram'ma-tize, v. to make anagranis. 

An-a-lep'tic, a. (Gr. ana, lepsis) i*. 

storative ; strengthening. 
A-nal'o-gy, r<. (Gr. ana, logos) rcscni. 

blance ; 'similarity ; proportion, 
An-a-l<5g'l-cal. a. Laving analogy. 
An-a-lCg'i-cal-iy a J. )n an analogical manner. 
A-niil'o-^'lzc, I, to a;ip'ain by analogy. 
A-n,11^'o-gous, rt. I'avjntj resemblance. 
I A-nai'o-(5^ous-]y, OiL i/'. U/.au-jIugous manner. 

Fate, fat, far, full; me, mCt, thfire, h(5r; pine, pin, fieid,for ; nCte, not, .jfir, move, sOaj 




An a-l^ze, v. (Gr. a? a, luo) to resolve 
a compound Into ita Hrst principles. 

A-nai y-sis, n. the separatiou of a compound 
into Its constituent parts. 

An'a-lyst, n. one who analyzes. 

An-a-lyt'ic, An-a-lyt'i-cal, a. pertaining to 
ana ysis ; resolving into first principles. 

An-a-lyt i-cal-ly, ad. iii an analytical manuer. 

An a-lya-er, n. one who analyzes. 

A-na'nas, n. tho pine apple. 

?in'|i-pcst, n. (Gr. ana, paio) a metri- 
cal foot, containing two short syllables and 
J. one long. 

An-a-pCs'tic, a. relating to the anapest. 
Aii'ar-chy, n. (Gr. a, arche) want of 

government; disorder; political confusion. 
An arch, n, an author of confusion. 
A-nar'chic, A-nilr'chi-cal, a. confused ; with- 

out rule or govcrnnient. 
Aji^ar-chijm, n. want of government. 
An ar-clust, n. one who occasions confusion. 

An-a-sar'ca, n. (Gr. ana, sarx) a kind 

„ of dropsy. 

An-a-sar'cous, a. relating to anasarca. 

A-nas'tro-phe, n. (Gr. ana, strophe) a 
figure by which the order of tho words is 

A-nath'e-ma, n. (Gr.) an ecclesiastical 

curse ; excommunication. 
A-nath^e-raa-ti.}m, n. excommunication. 
A-natn e-ma-tize, v, to pronounce accursed. 
A-natn-e-ma-tlz'er, n. one who pronounces 

an anathema or curse. 

A-nat'o-my, n. (Gr. ana, temno) tho 
act of dissecting the body ; the structure of 
the body ; a skeleton. 

An-a-tOm'i-cal, a. relating to anatomy, 

An-a-tOm'i-cal-ly, ad. in an anatomical 
ner ; by means of dist^ection. 

A-nat'o-mist, n. one skilled in anatomy. 

A-nat'o-mize, v. to dissect ; to lay open. 

An'5es-tor, n. (L. ante, cessum) one 

„ from whom a person is descended. 

An ces-tral, a. relating to ancestors. 

An yes-try, «. a series of ancestors ; lineage. 

An'chor, n. (L. anchora) an iron in 


And, con. (S.) the particle by >fliich 

sentences or terms arc joined. ' 
Aml'i-ron, and'i-urn, n. (hand, iron n 

spit turns, or on which wood is laid to burn 
Aii'dro-gyno, n. (Gr. aner, gune) a 

kind of hermaphrodite. 
Au-drOj'y-nal, a. having two sexea, 
An.dr6^',a</. of two sexes. 

An'ec-doto, n. (Gr. a, e/c, dotos) an in- 

cident of private life. 
An-ec-d6t'i-cai, a, pertaining to anecdotes. 
A-ncm o-no, 71. (Gr.) tho wind-flowor. 
An ou-nsrn, n. (Gr. atia, .urus) a dis- 

casojn which tho arteries become dilated. 
A-npw , ad. (a, new) over again. 
An-trac'tn-oso, An-frSc'tu-ous, a, (L. 

am.fractum) full of breaks or turnings. 
An ^'eJ, n. (Gr. angelos) a messenger : 

A n ?ii-' •■ ."■ ^°'^ coin.-a. like an angel. 
An-^^ei'ic. An-gci'i-cal, o. belonging to angels. 

An'gor,n. (L. anffo) resentment ; race : 

pam.— ir. to enrage ; to provoke. 
An gry, a. aireeted with anger; provoked. 
An gn-jy, aa. in an angry manner. 

An'gle, n. (L. anfjulus) the space bo- 
tween two lines that meet in a point ; a 
point where two lines meet ; a corner. 

An glcd, a. having angles. 

An'gu-lar, «. having angles or corners. 

An;gu-lar'i-ty, n. tho quality of bcingangular. 

An gu- ar-ly, ad. with angles or corrfers. 

An gu-la-ted, a. formed with angles. 

An gu-lous, a. liaving corners; hooked. 

An'gle, V. (S. angel) to fish with a rod 

^ and hook.— J^. a fishing-rod. 
An'gler, n, one who angles, 
-lins ■■ - . - 

strument to hold a ship.— 1>. to east anchor. 
An chor-a^e, n. ground for anchoring in ; 

duty paid for liberty to andior. 
An chored, p. a. held by the anchor 
An ehor-hold, n. the hold of an anchor. 
An chor-smlth, n. a maker of anchors. 

-§.n'cho-rIte. See Anachorite. 
An cho-ress, n. a female recluse. 

An-cho'vy, n. (Sp. anchova) a small 
iSsli used as sauce. 

An'cient, a. (L, antiquus) old ; of 
. old time ; not modern. 
-AnVients, w. pi. men of former times. 
An cient-!y, ad. in old times. 

An'gling, n. the art of fishing with arrod. 

An'gli-can, a. pertaining to England 
An'gli-^ije, f. tomakeEngHsh. 
An'gli.yijm, n. an English idiom. 

An'guish, n. (L. ango) great pain 0« 
body or mind.— i;. to torture. 

An-gus-ta'tion, n. the act of making narrow. 

An-he-la'tion, n. (L. am, halo) tho act 

of panting ; difficult respiration. 

An'ile, a. (L. anus) relating to an old 
woman ; imbecile. 

A-nll'i-ty, n. the state of being an old wo- 
man; dotage; imbecility. 

An-i-mad-vert', v. (L. animus, ad, ver- 

to) to turn the mind to ; to censure. 
An-i-mad-v^r'sion, n. remark ; censure. 
An-i-mad-vert'er, w. one who animadvcrte. 
An'i-mal, n. (L.) a living corporcU 

. . ., . >,.„ j w creature.— a. beloneing to animals. 

An cient-ness, w. existcnci' from old times. - 4""*"'"'^''<^"'e, n. a very small animal. 
' " • An-1-mai'cu-l.-ir, a. relating to animalcules. 

An'clent-ry, n. honour of linosige. 

An'9ient, n. (L. insigne) a flag ; tho 
bearer of a flag. ' 

An-yma-ryja. (L. anailla) subservient. 

n-i-mai'i-ty, n. the state of animal exiatcnca 
An'i-mate, v. (L. animus) to givfe lif« 

to; to quicken; xo cncoui'age. — «. luivei 
pcssessing animal life. 

labe. ttlb. IttU; cry, crjpt, mjwii; m\, b(5v^ «iJr, ti6\v, neW; ?oJo,5CBi,rai5a,e^ist,tlliB 





n' liavinRlifo; lively; viRoroiis. 

n-i-ni.l'tJon, n. tiio uct of animatint; or en- 

livening ; lifj ; Bjiirit j viROur. 
An'i-*liia-tor, n. oiio tliat gives lifo or aplrit. 

Ati'iso, n. a species of parsley. 

ink'er, «. (D.) a liquid measure '•' 
ten gallons. 

^ jiTclo, 71. (S. anclcow) tlio joint be- 
tween tbo foot and tho leg. 

/In'nal.?, n. pi. (L. annus) history rc- 

Iftted in tho exact order of time. 
|]i'nal-i8t, n. a writer of annals. 
)vu'nal-lzo, V. to writo annals; to record. 

ln'nats,n. jt3^. (L. annus) the first fruits. 

in-nCal', v. (S, an, eelan) to heat in 

order I j fix colours ; to temper glass. 
4 u-ncal'ing, n. the art of tempering glass. 

A.n-ntfx', V. (L. ad, nexum) to unite 

to at tho end ; to subjoin ; to affix- 
in-nex-a'tion, n. conjunction ; addition, 
m-nfix'ion, n. the act of anv.exing. 
4n-nCx'mcnt, n. tho thing annexed. 

An-mlu-lato, v, (L. ad, nihil) to re- 
duce to nothing ; to destroy. 
An-nl'hi-Ia-ble, a. that may be annihilated. 
Au-nl-hi-lu'tion, n. tlic act of anuibilating. 

An-ni-viSr'sa-ry, n. (L. anmis, versum) 
a day celebrated as it returns eacli year.— ■ 
a. returning with tho year ; annual. 

An-ni-v'Jr'sa-ri-ly, ad. annually. 

An'no-tate, v. (L. ad, nolo) to make 

remarks on a writing ; to comment. 
An-no-ta'tion, n. a remark ; a comment. 
An-no-ta'tion-ist, n. a writer of comments. 
An'no-ta-tor, n. a commentator ; a scholiast. 

An-noun9e', «. (L. ad, nuncio) to pub- 
lish ; to proclaim ; to give notice. 

An-nOQn9o'ment, n. the act of giving notice ; 
a declaration ; an advertisement. 

An-nan'9i-ate, bring tidings; to amiounce. 

An-ndn-fi-a'tion, n. the act of announcing ; 
the anniversary of the angel's salutation 
of the Virgin Mary, being tho 25 th of March. 

An-noy', v. (L. ad, noceo) to incom- 
mode; to vex; to molest. — n. injury; 
molestation; trouble. 

An-nOy'anfe, n. that which annoys. 

An'nu-al, a. (L. annus) coming yearly. 

-Hd. that which comes yearly. * 

An'nu-al-ly, ad. every year ; yearly. 
An-nu'i-tant, n. one who has .in annuity. 
An-nu'i-ty, n. a yeany allowance. 

An-nul', V. (L. ad, nullus) to make 
void ; to aboUsh ; to abrogate. 

An'nn-Iar, d. (L. annuhis) having the 

form of a ring ; pertaining to a ring. 
An'nu-la-ry, a. like a ring ; circular. 
An'nu-lct, fj. a little ring. 

Au-nu'mo-rate, v. (L. ad, 7iumerus) 

%o add to a former number. 
An-nu-me-ra'tion, ». addition to a former 


An-niin'pi-ate. Sec under Announce. 

An'o-(!yne, n. (Gr. a, oduni.) mc<lioin« 
which assuages pain.— a. mitigating puiu. 

A-uoiut', V. (L. ad, vnctum) to rub 

over v;ith oil ; to consecrate by unction. 
A-nOlnt'er, n. one who anoints. 
A-nOTnt'ing, n. tho act of rul)l)ing with oil. 
A-nOlnt'ment, n. tho state of being anointo<L 

A-nom'a-ly, n. (Gr. a, homalos) a devi* 
ation from tho common rule ; irregularity. 
A-n<^m'a-lijini, n. a deviation from rule. 
A-nflm'a-lous, a. out of rule ; irregular. 
A-nOm'a-loufl-ly, ad. irregularly. 

An'6-my,n.(Gr.a,«owo5) breach of law. 

A-non', ad. (S. on, an) quickly ; soon. 

A-non'y-mous, a. ^.Gr.a, onoma) want- 
ing a name. 
A-uOa'y-mous-ly, ad. without a namo. 

An-oth'cr, a. {an, other) not tho same j 
one more ; any other. 

An'swor, un'sor, v. (S, answarian) 
to speak in return to ; to reply to ; to bo 
equivalent to ; to satisfy. — n. that which 
is said in return to a question ; a renly : a 
confutation ; a solution. 

An'swer-a-ble, a. admitting a reply ; liable to 
give account ; suitable ; proportionate. 

An'swer-a-blo-ness, »i. the being answerable. 

An'iwer-a-bly,arf. suitably; proportionately. 

An'swer-er, n. one who answers. 

Ant,n.(S. cemet) an emmet ; a pismire. 
Ant' hill, n. a little hillock formed by ants. 

An-tSg'o-nist, n. (Gr. anti, agon) ono 
who contends with another; an' opponent, 
—a. counteracting ; opposing; combating. 

An-tftg'o-ni^m, n. opposition of action. 

An-tSg-o-uls'tic, a. contending against. 

An-tarc'tic, a. (Gr. anti, arktos) re- 
lating to tho south polo. 

An-te-fcdo', v. (L. ante, cedd) to go 

before ; to precede. 
An-te-9e-da'ne-ou8, a. going before. 
An-te-9e'den9e, An-te-90'den-9y, n. the act 

or state of going before ; precedency. 
An-tCf.ce'dent, a. going before. — w. that which 

goes before ; the nouu to which a relative 

pronoun refers. 
An-te-9C''dent-ly, ad. previously. 
An-te-9Cs'8or, n, one who goes before. 

An'te-chfim-ber, n. {ante, chamber) the 
chamber that leads to tho diief apartment. 

An'to-cUfp-el, n. {ante, chapel) the 
part of a chapel leading to the choir. 

An'te-date, v. (L. ante, datum) to date 
before the real time. — n. prior date. 

existing before the deluge.— n. ono wlio 
lived before the deluge. 

An'to-lopd, n. a species of deer. 

An-te-lu'can, a. (L. ante, lux) before 
daylight; early. 

An-te-muu'dane, a. (L. antj, mundus) 
before the creation of the world. 

fate, fat, far, fall ; me, mC^, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; iiOte, n5t, nOr, mOve, B^n; 



?, cedo) to go 

An-te-po-nult', n. (L. anle. nenp nlii. 
mus) tho last Byllablo but two. ' 

A.?;*/'W."- ^^-"^ KO'"fi beforo; prior. 
An.te-ri-Or'i-ty, «. the state of being UiouL 


An'ther, n. (Gr. on/Aos) tho tip of the 
stamen m a flower. ^ 

An-thSl'o-^ n. (Gr. an/Ao,, fo„ja) 

a collection of flowers or poems. 
An-tho-loj'i-cal, a. relating to an anthology. 

hS'Sn*1^d;.''""° °^ '''^ ^'^"'=t"'° of the' 

An-thm-po-mor'phite, n. (Gr. a7i/Aro. 
pp*. morphe) one who' believes that tho 
Deity has a human form. ' "'° 

An-thro-pop'a-tJiy, n. (Gr. anthmnno 
pathos) tTieaJrectionsofm... '^"^'*"'^«*» 

An-thro-p(^ph'a-§T, r. jo/. (Gr. a«/Aro- 
pot phage) man-e&Un: cannibals. 

An'tic, a. (L. antiquus) odd ; ridicii- 

itto'lf^";-^- * '^"'^°''" ''^'^^ appearance. 
An tic-Iy, orf. m an antic manner. 

niWer) opposing tho ministry. * 

An-ti-m3n'ar-chl8t, n. (Gr. an/i. imw 

»*o*, arcV) an enemy to monarchy. 
An.ti-rao-n4rch'i-cal, a. monarchy. 

An'ti-mo-ny, n. (Gr. anti, moms ?) • 
mineral substance. ^ «/* w ■ 

Au-ti-mo'ni-al, a. composed of antimony. 

contradiction between two laws. 

gation of the moral Iaw._<i, relating to tb* 
sect called Antinomians. " 

An.ti-nfl'mi-an-i^m, n. Antinomian tenets. 

An-tln'o-mist, «. one who disregards law. 

An-ti-pa'pal. Seo under Antipopo. 

An-tip'a-thy, n. (Gr. anti, pathos) a 
feeling affainst : aversion ; dislike. 


an aversion to; of an opposite diiposltlon. 
An-ti-phlo-^Ys'tio, a. (Gr. anti,phlogis- 
tot) counteracting inflammation. 

An'ti-phon, An-tTph'o-ny, n (Gr. and 
P//Jne) alternate chant or singing. ' 

n^^°a h ' 1 '?'""'.'» to alternate sing- 
mg.—n. a book of anthems. 

An-tiph'ra-sis, n. (Gr. ^n/i, »Arcsw) 
tjie use of words in a sense opposite to their 
„ proper meaning. *^*^ """'ti-cal, a. relating to antlphrasia. 
An-ti-phras'ti-cal-ly, ad. with anUphS 

^n A'*'"^''?!"- ^^' ^^^- °nti,pous) tho 
people who live on tho other side of tha 
globe, having their feet opposite to ours. 

An-tlp'o-dal. a. relating to tlie antipodes. 

An'ti-popo, n. (.Gr. anti, pappas) om 
who usurps the poredom. *^ ' ^ ' "" 
An-ti-pa pal, Ar •ii-pa.pis'ti-cal, a. opposing 

ndr, mOve, Bdn/ 

An'ti-chrlst, n. (Gr. anti, Christos) tho 
groat enemy to Christianity. ^ ^ 

AiMi-chrlst'ian, a. opposed to Christianity. 

X^ t" enemy to Christianity. ""^°"y. 

an-ti-chrlst'ian-ism,ln-tl-chrls.ti.'«n't tv « 
opposition or c^ntWiety to ChriiiSi"??^."- 

An-tic'i-pate, v. (L. anfe, capio) to 
take befSre ; to foretaste ; to preXde 

An1^rj?f*"°"' "• theactof^tTcSunff. 
An-tif i-pa-to-ry, a. taking before thVtim!: 

An-ti-clI'max, n. (Gr. anti, Mimaa!) a 
sentence in which the last part expresses 
something lower than the firet. ''*P'^**^' 

An'ti-dotc, n. (Gr. anti, dotos) a medi- 
A^X^T^ the effecti of poison. " 
An ti-do-tal, a, counteracting poison. 

^R-f jf:P'^'*'°-P^^' «• <Gr. anti, ^m. 
S nvpcv) aav erse to episcopacy. '^'' 


An'tl-quatc, v. (L. antiquus) to pul 
„ out of use ; to make obsolete. ^ 

An-ti-qua'ri-an, a. relating to antiquity.- 
n. one versed in antiquity. "^ 

ln'tV"^.Vn*U"*""*?'"' "• 'ove of antiquities. 
An ti-qua-ry, n. a man studious of antiduitv. 
An ti-qime-ness, n. tho being obsolete. 

4SM'*"i ''""• "• *tate of being antiquated 
An-t que', a. ancient ; of old fasliion. 
An-tlque'ness, n. the quality of being ancient, 
An-tlq'ui-ty, n. old times ; the people of old 
times : a relict of old times ; anciontness. 

ple, on different sides of the equator, wlhoso 
shadows at noon project opposite wkys." 

sciiSry."" ' ^•'''<»*"'«'> efficacious again*? 

^Pii;f*'''!P'*"-':'?™' "• (^r. anti, L. 

tcriptum opposition to the Holj Scriptures. 
An-ti-scrlp'tu-rist, n. one who denies the rtj. 
vine origin of the Holy Scriptures. 

An-ti-sep'tic, a. (Gr. anti, sepo) conn- 

.erfir-ingputi efaetion.— n.a niedlcliie wWci 
resists or corrects putrefaction, 




4n-tTa'tro-pho, n. (Gr. anti, strophi) 
the iccond itania of an odo lung in parts. 

An-tith'e-sis, n. (Gr. anli, thesis) op- 
potltlon of word* or lonUiucuki ; coctrast : 
pi. an-tlth'e-Ki. 

An-ti-thCt'i-cal, a. placed In contrast. 

An'ti-type, n. (Gr. anti, lupos) that 

which in prcflgurod by tlio type. 
An-ti-tfp'i-cal, a. relating to the antitype. 

Aiitlor, n. (Fr. andouiller) tlio branch 

of a stng's horn. 
Aiit'lercd, a. bavins antleri. 

A 11 -too'9i, an-te'(;I, n. jtl. ( Gr. anti. oikco) 
pooplo who live under the same latitude 
and longitude, but in diCRircnt hemispheres. 

An-to-no-ma'fi-a, n. (Gr. anti, onoma) 
the use of the name of sonio office or digni- 
ty instead of the name of the person. 

An'tro, n. (L. antrum) a cavo ; a den. 

Au'vil,n. (S. anjilt) a smith's iron block. 

Any-i'e-ty, n. (L. ango) trouble of 

mind ; concern ; solicitude. 
Anx'ious, a. uneasy ; concerned ; careful. 
Anx'-ious-ly, ad. in an anxious manner. 
Anx'ious-ncs8, n. the state of being anxious. 

An'y, gn'y. a. (S. anig) every ; who- 
ever; whatsoever. 
An'y-wljo, ad. in any manner. 
An'y-wh^re, ad. in any place. 

A'o-rist, n. (Gr. a, horos) an indefinite 
tense in the Greek verb. 

A-or'ta, n. (Gr.) the groat artery 
which rises Immediately out of the left ven- 
tricle of the heart. 

A-pa9o', ad. (a, pace) quickly ; hasti- 
ly; speedily. 

Ap-a-gog'i-cal,«.(Gr.apo,rt^o) showing 
the absurdity of donyuig what m affirmed. 

A-part', ad. (a, part) separately ; dis- 
tinctly ; at a distance. * 
A-p&rt'meut, n. a part of a house ; a room. 

Ap'a-thy, n. (Gr. a, pathos) want of 

Ap-a-thCt'ic, a. without feeling. 
Ap-a-thls'ti-cal, a. unfeeling; indifferent. 

Ape, n. (S. apa) a kind of monkey ; 

an imitator. 
A'pish, a. lika an ape ; foppish ; silljr. 
A'pish-ly, ad. in an apish manner., 
A'piali-nesa, n. mimicry ; foppery. 

A-pe'ri-ent,» a. (L. aperio) opening ; 
gently purgative.— n. a purgative. 

i-p6r'i-tive, a. opening ; laxative, 
p'er-ture, ». an opening ; a hole. 

A-pet'a-lous, a. (Gr. o, petalon) hav- 
kig no flower-teaves. 

A'pex. n. (L.) the tip or point of 

any thing : pi. fl'pe«-es or a'pi-9eii. 

A-phrer'e-sis, n. (Gr. apo. haireo) the 
taking away of a letter or syllable from the 
beginning of a word. 

A-phGli-on,n. (Gr. apo, heluis) the pari 

of a phinut'it orbitmost romotofrom tba lun. 

Aph'o-rism, r». (Gr. apn, horos) a short 
pithy sentence ; a maxim. 

Apli'o-rist, n. a writer of uphorlsmd. 

Aph-o-rl»'tic, Aph-o-rU'ti-cal, a. liaving (h« 
form of an apliorism. 

Aph-o-rl»'ti-cal-ly, ad. in the form or man- 
ner of an aphorism. 

A'pi-a-ry. n. (L. apis) a place whore 
bees are kept. 

A-pie9o'. ad. (a, piece) to the part or 
Biiuru of audi. 

A-pTt'pat, ad. with quick palpitation. 

A-plus'tro, n. (L.) the ensign carried 
ill ancient ships. 

A-pSo'a-lypso, n. (Gr. apo, kalupto) 

revelation ; discovery. 
A-pAc-a-lyp'tic, A-poc-a-lJp'ti-cal, a. per- 
tuiiuiig to revelation. 

A-p8c'o-po, n. (Gr.) the omission of 
the lust letter or syllable of a word. 

A-poc'ry-pha, n. (Gr. apo, krtipto^ 
boolis soiuctimes appended to the Hacred 
Writings, but of doubtful authority. 

A-pOc'ry-plial, a. not canonical ; uncertain. 

Ap-0-dxc'ti-cal, a. (Gr. apo, detjuia) de- 
monstrative ; evident beyond contradiction. 

Ap'o-^'t3e, n. (Gr. apo, ge) the part of 
an orbit most remote from the earth. 

A-pol'o-^y, n. (Gr. apo, logos) a de- 
fence ; an excuse. 

A-pOl-o-j;Ct'ic, A-poI-o-j;6t'i-cal, a. said in 
defence or excuse. 

A-poro-|:ist, w. one who makes an apology. 

A-pOl'o-glze, V. to malie an apology. 

Ap'o-logue, n. (Gr. apo, logos) a fable. 

n. (Crr.a|)0,;;/iWicrt/na) areiuarkable saying. 
Ap-o-thCg'ma-tizo, v. to utter apothegms. 

Ap'o-plex-y, n. (Gr. apo, plexis) 
. sudden deprivation of sense and motion. 
Ap-o-pl6c'tic, Ap-o-plfic'ti-cal, a. relating to 
, apoplexy. 

A-pos'ta-sy, n. (Gr. apo, stasis) de- 
parture from professed principles. 

A-pOs'tate, ». one who renounces his reli- 
gion or principles. — a. false; traitorous. 

Ap-o-stafi-cal, a. like an apostate. 

A-pOs'ta-tize, V. to forsake one's principles. 

Ap'o-stCme, Ap'o-stumc, n. (Gr. apo^ 
histemi) a swellmg filled with matter. 

A-pOs'te-raate, v. to become an apostemo. 

A-pOs-te-ma'tion , n. the formation of an apo»- 
teme ; the gathering into an abscess. 

A-pos'tle, a-pos'sl, n. (Gr. apo, stello^ 

one sent to preach the QospcL 
A-pOs'tle-ship, m. the office of an apostle. 
A-pOs'to-Iate, n. the dignity of an apostle. 
Ap-o-Btol'ic, Ap-o-stol'i-cal, a. relating t4 

an apostle ; like an apostle. 


Vm, f&%, far, fall ; mO, mSt, thSre, her ; pine, ptn, field, fir ; rote, nOt, nor, n»6ve, sto i 



horos) a short 

10 form or man* 

cal, a, said in 

Gr, m6vo, sto f 

iS'^fiAi'l""*}"'^' "''• '" "" ni>o»tollc i.mrmor. 
Ap-o-.tol l-cttl.ii«M, n. npiwlolkulautliorlty, 

A'pfls'tro-pho, n. (Ur. «;,o, strophi) a 
turning from ti.o persons 'present to iul- 

ing thut a word ii* coiitriictfd. 
A-po. tro-p«U2e, t;. to mako ,m lipostripho. 
Ap'o-stQme. Sco Apostemo. 

A-path'o-ca-ry, n. (Gr. apo, thcki) ono 

who compounUii and golU ihudiclnea. 
Ap'o-thogm. Soo Apophthegm. 

'\'VS;*^5^'^'^"» "• ^^'- "Po* tl^eoa) act 
of placing among the gods ; duiflcation- 

A-p<5th'o-si8. n. (Gr. apo, //,^«.,) tho 
plac ng of a fructure.l bone^in its right posi- 
tion J a repository In tho primitive cJiurihes. 

A-pi5t'o-mo, n. (Gr. apo, temno) tho 
remainder or difTeronce of two iiicommen- 
surablo quantitici. ""i-uuuaen 

Ap'o-zom,n. (Gr. «po,J!reo) a decoction. 
Ap-o-zOm'i-cal, a. lilio a decoction. ""'"""' 

^.W^ 'f "• 5^; "''• ^«^'^<') to frighten : 

to terrify ; to doprcsB ; to dlscouruKO, 
Ap-pai'ment, n. depression from fear. 
Ap'pa-nago, n. (L. od; ^nw ?) lands 

for younger children ; sustenance. 

Ap-pa-ra'tus, n. (L.) instruments ne- 
cessary for any art or trade. 

An-piir'cl, n. (L. ad, paro) clothinrr : 
dre83.-i>. to clothe ; to dress. *" ' 

Ap-pil'rent, a. (L. ad, pareo) plain ; 
nol doubtful; seeming; visible; evident. 
Ap-pa'rent-ly, aiU evidently; seeraingly. 

A n"£d"j;rf'°°'"* "'^ """« "appearing ; a gfiost. 
^l'l^^b^°W^ summoner; a messenger. 
^I'lft' "• *** *'^..'" *'■»''* 5 *o »>« evident. 
Ap-pcar'anfe, n. the act of coming into siulit • 
the thing seen; show; probability. ^' 
Ap-pcar er, n. one who aripears. 
Ap-p£ar'ing, n. the act of appearing, 

^'^V^'* V-.l^- "^> F^^o) to transfer to 
1,a£"^^ tribunal; to refer to another as 

rail J ^''°' tribunal; an accusation; a 

call on any one as a witness. 
Ap-poal a-ble, a. that may be appealed. 
Ap-pea'er, n. one who appeals."^ 
Ap-pei lant, n. one who appeals.-<i. relatini? 

to an appeal, or to the appealer. ^ 

Ap-pei'late, a. relating to appeals. 

Ap-pear'. See under Apparent. 

^JPa'K^'' ""-S^'^d^ Pa^) to quiet ; to 

calm; to pacify; to reconcile. 
Ap-pcaje'ment, n. the act of appeasing. 

r£nh^^'^i2^'!^- ^^- «'^' i»^^^«^ a name : 

An ^M't "jy *'"'•* ""y ^•''"e '» called. ' 

Ap.pei la-tive, n. a common name as opposed 
A n r*J>''''?" na'ne.-ii. common. '^^ 
Ap-pdlhi-tive-ly, ad. as an appellative. 

^HrlfJ'^i'.^' 5^- < penceo) to hang 
or attach to ; to add. ^ 

Ap.pcn'dage, n. somethuig added. i 


Ap.pCn'danco, n. something annoi«<L 
Ai>-pen'danf, a. hanging ,„? annoiSd!-^,. . 

perc«pt!oii which reflects upbn ItsX ' 

Ap-por-tilin', V. (L. ad, per, leneo) to 
tofong to ; to rehito to ; to cot cern. ^ 

^£;l;'t?;'s/ng^1;r'''"••"^"'• - »-'-«• 

Ap'po-ten9e, Ap'po-ten-oy, n. (L. arf 
^Vflo) desire; sensual doslrl' ' 

in'^^H m' "' d''f''-'nff ; very desirous. 
4p ^«-t -^'e. a. that may be desired. 

Ap'po-ti-tivo, a. that desires. 

Ap-plfiud', V. (L. arf, plaudo) to praiso 

ty dapping the h,uids j'^t.. comment, 
Ap-p uud^'er. „. one who applauds. 
Ap.p uuw', n. approbation loudly expressed. 
Ap-pluu'jive, a. containing appliuse. 

&' "• («• '^Pl) the fruit of tho ap- 
ple-treo ; the pupil of the eye. ' 

^?X* V' <f • fl'^.P^'^o) to put to ; to 
»uit to; to study; to address to; to iL-vva 

."«?»"eto; to keepatworlf. • '^^'" 

Ap-p I a-ble, a. that may be applied. 

Ap.pli'anre, n. the thing applied, 

Ap P |-ca-b e. a. lit to be applied. 

Ap-pli-ca-bU'i-ty, n. the being appHcahle. 

Ap ph-ca-blo-ness, »». fitness to be upulied 

Ari'p |-cant, n. one who applies. '^'^ 
p-pU-ca'tion, n. tho act of applyhig; in- 
tense study; great industry. ^* •'"'*• '" 

Ap'ph-ca-tivo, a. that applies. 

vFvinTl^^kJ' rl""'"*? the act of op. 

piying.— n. that which applies. 
Apph-ca-to-ri-ly, ad. so as to apply. 
Ap-pli'er, n, ono who applies. 

Ap-pSg-ia-tA'ra, n. (It.) a note in mu- 
SIC taSen out of tho time of another note. 

Ap-p5int'j V. (L. adf punctum) to fix • 
to settle; to decree; to furnish. -"" ""^ » 

Ap.pMnt'er, n. one Mfho appoints. 

'^P;f!?}£'?«!rA«_"-."'e act of^ppointing ; sti- 

r i;"'"> •"><••»,». uieucioiaPDomtini'- <»fi 
pulation; decree; diroction^^j^uE'ent. 

Ap-por'tion, v. (L. ad, portio) to divide 

and assign in just proportion. 
Ap.por'tion-ment.n.adividinginto portions. 
Ap'po'jite, a. (L. ad, posUum) proper ; 
„ Ht ; well adapted to. *^ ^ ' 

Ap'po-sito-ly,ad. properly; fitly; suitably. 

fe^n'*',*/?-"^'*' "• «tnessVsuitablenesfc ^ 
Ap-po-ji'tion, n. addition ; the puttum of 
two nouns in the same caJe. **""™8 ™. 
Ap-poj'i-tive, a. applicable. 

Ap-praijio', v. (L. arf, pretium) to get a 

price upon any thing, in order to sale. 
Ap-praije'ment, n. the act of appraisimr. 
Ap-pfasjfcr, a. ono who sets a price. " 

•'"^ "'• ''" • "7.c'-yPt.-?rrh; t5il, boy.6iir,nO*,new; code. gem. raUe. ..isll^ 





Ap-pro-ca tion, n. (L. ad, precor) car- 

nest prayer or well-wishing. 
Ap'pro-ca-toi-ry, a. praying or wishing good. 

Ap-pre'yi-ate. v. (L. ad, pretium) to 

value ; to estimate. 
Ap-pre-fi-a'tion, n, valuation ; estimation. 

Ap-pre-hcnd', v. (L. ad, prehendo) to 

lay hold on ; to seize ; to conceive by the 

mind; to fear; to notice. 
.|p-pre-h(5nd'er, n. one who apprehends. 
Ap-pre-hiSn'si-ble, a. that may be appro- 

handed or conceived. 
Ap-pre-hCn'sion, n. the act of apprehending ; 

the faculty of conceiving ideas ; fear. 
Ap-prc-hCn'sive, a. quick to understand; 

fearful ; suspicious. 
Ap-pre-hCn'sive-ness, n. the quality of being 


Ap-pren'tiye, n. (L. ad, prehendq) one 

bound to learn an art or trade. — v. to put 

out as an apprentice. 
Ap-prCn'tife-ship, ». the state or term of 

bemg an apprentice. 
\p-prIzo', V. (Fr. appris) to inform ; 

to give notice. 

\p-prCach', v. (L. ad, proximus) to 
draw near. — n. act of drawing near ; access. 
Ap-pr6ach'a-ble, a. that may be approached. 
Ap-prOa9h'er, n. one who approaches. 
Ap-prOaph'ment, n. the act of coming near. 

Ap-pro-ba'tion, n. (L. ad, probo) tlio 

act of approving; attestation. 
Ap'pro-ba-tive, a. implying approbation. 
Ap'pro-bi-to-ry, a. containing approbation. 

Ap-pro'pri-ate, v. (L. ad. proprius) to 
take as one's own ; to consign to some par- 
ticular use.— o. peculiar ; fit ; adapted to. 

Ap-prO'pri-a-ble, a. that may bo appro- 
priated, or applied to a particular use. 

Ap-prO'pri-ato-fy, ad. fitly ; peculiarly. 

Ap-pro'pri-ate-ness, n, peculiar titness. 

Ap-prO-pri-a'tion, n. the setting ajiart of 
any thing for one's own use ; application 
to a particular purpose. 

Ap-prO'pri-a-tor, n. one who appropriates. 

Ap-prove', v. (L. ad, probo) to like ; 
to be pleased with ; to commend; to prove. 
Ap-pr6v'a-ble, a. meriting approbation. 
Ap-prdv'al, n. conuaendation. 
Ap-prdv'ange, m. approbation. 
Ap-pr6ve'»nnnt, n approbation ; liking. 
Ap-prdv'er, n. one wno approves. 

Ap-prox'i-mato, v. (L. ad, proximiiA) 

to bring or draw ^ww *,c^-~a. othr to. 
Ap-prOx-i-m» 2^, n. a drawjog near to. 

Ap-piilse', n. fL. ad, pulsum) the act 
of striking against. 

A'pri-cot, A'pri-cock, n. (Fr. abricot) 
a kind of wall-frutt 

A'pril, n. iL.Aprilis) the fourth mouth 
of the year. 

A'pron, rt. (Ir. aprun) a cloth worn 
before, to keep the other dress clean. 

Ap'sis, n. (Gr.) the point in a planet's 
orbit, ail the greatest or least distance from 
the sun or the eaKU : pi. ap'si-dOf. 

Apt, a. (L. apto) fit; hablo to; incHO' 
_ ed to ; ready ; quick ; qualified tor. 
■Ap'ti-tudo, n. fitness ; tendency; dispositioa 
Apt'ly, ad. properly; justly; readily. 
Apt'ness, n. fitness ; quickness ; tendency. 

Ap'te-ra, n. (Gr. a, pteron) insecti 
without wings. 

Ap'tute, n. (Gr. a, ptosis) a noun with- 
out cases. 

A-quat'ic, «. (L. aqua) pertaining to 
_ water ; living or growing in water. 
A'que-Dus, a. of the nature of water. 
Aq'ue-dact, n. an artificial channel for water. 
Aq-ua-for'tis, n. nitric acid. 
Aq-ua-rC''§;i-a, n. nitro-muriatic acid. 
A-qua'ri-us, n. the water-bearer, one of the 
signs of the zodiac. 

Aq'ui-line, a. (L. aquila) like an eagle ; 

Ar'a-bic, a. belonging to Arabia.— 

n. the language ot Arabia. 
Ar'a-bCsque, a. in the manner of Arabian 

architecture and sculpture. 

Ar'a-ble, a. (L. aro) fit for tillage. 
A-ra'tion, n. the act of ploughing. 
A-ra'ue-ou3, a. (L. aranea) like a 

Ar'bal-ist. See under Archer. 

ArTji-ter, n. (L.) a judge ; an umpire. 
Ar'bi ♦ra-ble, a. depending on the will. 
Ar-bTt'ra-ment, n. determination ; choice. 
Ar'bi-tra-ry, a. despotic ; absolute. 
Ar'bi-tra-ri-ly, ad. despotically ; absolutely. 
Ar'bi-tra-ri-ness, n. tyranny ; choice. 
Ar'bi-trate, v. to decide ; to judge of. 
Ar-bi-tra'tion, n. the determination of acans* 
. by persons agreed upon by the parties. 
Ar'bi-tra-tor, n. an umpire ; a judge. 
Ar'bi- tress, n. a female umpire. 

ArHbour, n. (L. arbor) a shady bower. 
Ar-bO'rc-ous, a. belonging to trees. 
A.r-bo-ros'9ont, a. growing like a tree. 
Ar'bo-ret, n. a small tree or shrub. 
Ar'bo-rist, n. one who studies trees. 

Ar'bute, 71. '(L. arbutus) the straw- 
berry tree. 
Ar-bu'te-an, a. of the strawberry tree. 

Arc, n. (L. arcus) a segment of a circle. 
Ar-cado', n. a walk arched over. 
Ar9li, n. part of a circle or ellipse. — v, to 
. cover with an arch. 
Ar9lied, a. in the form of an arch. 
Ar9h'llko, a. built like an arch. 
Ar9h'wl}e, ad. in the form of an arch. 
Ar'cu-ato, a. bent like an arch. 

Ar-cfi'di-an, a. relating to AreaitA • 

pastoral; rural. 


Ar9h, a. (Gr. archos) chief ; principal ; 

roguish ; waggish ; Sly ; shrewd. 
Arch'i-cal, a. cliicf ; primary. 
Arfh'ly, ad. waggishly ; shrewdly. 

Fate, fiit, fftr, Ull; me, mCt, thfire, ht^r; pine, ptn, fjeld, fir; note, not, nOr, ni4vo, a^n, 




a noun with- 

) the straw- 

Qr, lutkvc. t&Di 

4rch'\.ess, n. shrewdness ; sly humour. 
Ar-chf'ic, a. ({jr. archaios) ancient. 
Ar'cha-ijm, «. an ancient phrase. 
Ar-chiE-Ol'o-Ky, Ar-chai-ftl'o-gy, n. know- 
ledge of antiquity. * 

Arch-an'^el, n. (Gr. archos, angelos) 
. an nngel of the highest order. 
Arch-an-j;ei'ic,.a. belonging to the archangels. 


al.ishop who superintends other bishops. 
Arph-Msh'op-ric, n. the state or jurisdiction 
. 'jf an archbishop. «"^v-wuu 

Ar-chl-e-pls'co-pa-cy, n. the state and dig- 
. nity of an archbishop. '' 

'^^■?^»-e-pl3'co-pal, a. belonging to an arch- 

Ar9h-d5a'con, n. (Gr. archos, dia, ho- 
A J"ifl,n°? **"' ^^PP'iea the place of a bishop. 
„t :f ^^ '^°"''"^' "• *'«' °*<=e, jurisdiction, 
. or residence of an archdeacon, 
-^'jchi-^.ac'o-nal, a. belonging to an arch - 

Arch-dQke', n. (Gr. archos, L. dux) a 
. title of some sovereign princes. 
Aryh-dQ'cal, a. belonging to an archduke. 
Arfh-dOch'css, n. the wife, daughter, or 
, sister of an archduke. 

Ar9h-dflch'y, Arch-dOke'dom, n. the terri- 
tory of an archduke. 

Arjh'er, 7i. (L. arous) one who shoots 
, with a bow. 

Arfh'er-y, n. the use of the bow. 
Ar'cu-bal-ist, Ar'bal-i* , .>». a cross-bow. 

Ar-cu-bai'is-tor, Ar'bal-is-ter, n. a cross-bow- 

Ar'che-typo, n. (Gr. archos, tupos) the 
. origmal ; the model ; the pattern. 
Ar'che-ty-pal, a. original. 

Ar-chi-pel'a-go, n. (Gr. archos, pela- 
gos I) a sea abounding in small islands. 

Ar'chi-tect. n. (Gr. archos, tekton) a 
professor of the art of building ; a builder. 
Ar'cln-tec-tivo, a. nerfonuing the work of 
^ architecture ; Jised in building. 
Ar-chi-tec-tOn'ic, a. liaving skill to build. 
Ar'chi-tfic-ture.n.the art orscience of building. 
Ar-chi-tec'tu-ral, a. relating to architecture. 

Ar'chi-trave. n. (Gr. archos, L. trabs) 
that part of an entablature which rests 
immediately on the capital. 

Ar'chlvc5,n. pi. {Gr.arc?ieion)thQ place 
^ where records or ancient writings are kept. 

Ar'chon, «. (Gr.) the chi«f magistrate 
^ among the ancient Athenians. 

^rc'tic, a. (Gr. arkios) northern. 

ir'cu-ato. See under Arc. 

A.r'cu4) See under Archer. 

A.r'dont, a. (L. ardco) hot : burnine : 
^ fiery; vehwient; passionate. ^' 

ai uea-f^=, 3. heat ; warmth ; eagerness. 
Ir'dent-ly, ad. with warmth ; eagerly. 

Ar'dour, n. heat ; fervour ; eagemcM. "*" 

^tliv'^K^'J^J^- «'-^«««) lofty ; hud 
, to chinb ; difficult. j > »«»»» 

Ar'du-ous-ness, n. height j difficulty. 

Are, third person, phiral number, in 
dicative mood, present tense of to be. 

A'ro-a, 71 (L.) an open surface : th# 
supemcial contents of A figure. ' 

T^^'^h'^' ^^' '^^^^^ *o make dry. 
Ar-e-fac'tion, n. the act or state of drVing. 

■^rr&f*' ^- ^h^ * P^^^'o covered with 

sand for combats. 
Ar-e-na'peous, a. sandy; like sand. 

Ar-e-Sp'a-^rte, 71. (Gr. Ares, pagos) a 
^ memberof the court of Areopagus at Athens. 

Ar'|rent, a. (L. argentum) silvery ; 
^ bright hke silver. ^ * 

Ar'gil 71. (L. argiila) potter's clay. 

Ar-gil- a'foous, a. of the nature of clay. 

Ar-gll lous, a. consisting of clay. 

Ar'go-naut, n. (Gr. Arao. iiauffi) nnn 
. who sailed in the ship Argof "°"'^*^ ^^^ 
Ar-go-nauficp. pertainingto the Argonauts. 
Ar'go-sy, n. a merchant ship. 

Ar'guoy V. (L. argno) to reason : to 

.dispute; to debate ; to prove. '"^"'".> *" 
Argu-er, n. areasoner; adisputcr. 
Ar^gu-mg, n. reasoning ; argument. 
Ar^gu-ment, n. a reason alleged ; the subiect 

of any discourse; controvursv. '"'"'""J®'^' 
Ar-gu-mCnt'al, a. belonging to ar^raent/ 
Ar-gu-men-ta'tion, n. the act of reasoning. 
Ar-gu-mCnt^a-tive. a. consisting of argument 
Ar-ga-mCnt'a-tive-ly, ad. by argument. 
Ar gu-men-tize, v. to debate ; to reaaon. 
Ar-guto', a. (L. argutus) sharp ; witty. 
Ar-gute'uess, n. acutencss ; wittiness. ^ 
A'ri-an, n. one of the sect of Arim 

who denied the divinity of Christ. 
A ri-an-ijm, n. the Uoctrine of the Arians. 

f S t ^^- '^'•'^0) dry ; parched. 

A-rlQ'i-ty, n. ciynesa. 

A'ri-es, 71. (L.) the ram, ouo of the 

signs of the zodiac. 
Ar-i-e-ta'tion, n. the act of butting like a ram. 
A-right', a-rit', ad. (a, right) rightly. 

A-ri-o-la'tion, Har-i-o-la'tion, n. (L. 
nar%olus) sootlisaying ; foretelling. 

A-rTso', V. (S, arisan) to mount up- 
ward; to get up; to proceed from: ». t 
a-r0je';p.i}.a-rlj'en. *^ 

Ar'is-tar-chv, ti. (Gr. aristos, arcU\ a 
body of good men in power. """^-> » 

Ar-is-toc'ra-ry, „. (Gr. arf«/os, kratos) 
government ly the nobles; the principal 

^ persons in the state. Ffiuupai 

— r :s=,o.'CrSi, ?s. one who favours aiistocracv 

"^i;"^"***^"?*/'^' ^'-"-to-crat'i-cal.lrdSi- 
ing to aristocracy. 





* mnn^r!'"'"^-'^' **• '"^ '"^ ari^tocratical I Arrack A-rack', n. a spi^I^^^s'Ii^ 

X,.;„ +^ i-n: __ I '^'^'*"»=" *" the Kast Indies. 

Ar-raign', ar-ran', v. (S. wregan%\ 


A-nth'me-tic, n. (Gr. arithmos) tho 
dcience of numbers. / v v 

Ar"!lh'I^f»'J"*^l',* '■''i^""^ *° arithmetic. 
Ar-ith-mSt'i-cal-ly, ad. by arithmetic. 

A.-rltIi-mo-tI'yum,n.one8lullfid in arithmetic 
Ark, n. (L. area) a chest ; a close vessel. 
Arm, « (S. earm) the limb which 
reaches from the hand to the shoulder: a 
bough of a tree ; an inlet of tho sea. 
Arm'fai, «. what the arms can hold. 
Arm'less, a. without an arm. 
Arm'let, n. a little arm ; a bracelet. 
sSlde'r."^'^"' "• "'"cavity under the 

Arm,w.(L.amo)tofurnish with arms : 

, to take arms ; to provide against. 

Arm?, n. pi. weapons of oiTence or defence- 

Ar-ma da, n. (Sp.) a naval armament. 

^wKavrheiJ.'^' ^" -^'' --^ 

ArWment, ». a force equipped for war, 

to indict ; to accuse ; to* charge. 
Ar-raign'ment, n. the act of arraigning. 
Ar-ran^o', «. (Fr. ranger) to put \% 

proper order; to adjust; to settle. 
Ar-ran^e'ment, n. tl.e act of putting in order . 

adjustment; settlement; classitication. 
Ar-rang'er, n. one who arranges. 

fe'^ant, a. (L. errol) infamous. 
Arrant-ly, ad. infamously; shamefully. 

Ar'ras, n. » kind of tapestry, manu- 
factured at^n-tw in Prance. 

^n,"^^y'' 'i- ^^- «'*"^-«'«» ?) to deck : to 
put m order.-w. dress ; order. * 

Ar-rear', n. (L. ac/, rt/ro ?j that which 
remains unpaid. ' »»i"i.ii 

Ar-rear'a^e, h. the remainder of a debt. 

Ar-rect', a. (L. q^/ rectum) upright : 
erect ; attentive. F^^S"* i 

Ar-rep'tion, n. (L. arf, raptum) the 

^ act oT snatching away. 
Ar-rep-tl'tious, a. snatched away; mad. 

».r raa-ture, »». armour for defending the bod v 
Ar-mlp'o-tent, a. powerful in armi. ^* 

Ar'mistipe, n. a cessation from arms. 
Ar'mour, n. defensive arms. 

Ar^mfi'Hal'*"^"!'!''" ?'*''''"" "'• "''"« a™s- 
^™ * i'"'^'' "; belonging to the arms or 
. Mcutcheon of a family. "^ 

Ar mo-ry, n. the place in which arms are kept. 
Ar my, «, a large body of armed men. 

""mTur oft^^'K- '''' ""^ "^'«« *'''' ^- 

^'uS^\^a7e'let!• ^^^ ""'^'^'^^ ''''^^ 

^nr'^jS,'?*"' **• '•elating to the doctrine 

of^mmf«*._n. a follower of Arminius 
Ar-mln'm-ijm, «. the doctrine of ArSus. 
A-ro'ma, to. (Gr.) the fragrant prin- 

ciple in plants. ** *^ " « 

aPo mf t^'„ « "♦ ^"^e^l'i drug. ^ &azme of miUtary or naval stores. 

AKnm^M •'^•*°1'="^"*' *''P"f"™e « - 

^obSfrf ^-/I^-."^' '•f. *'£•) to stop ; to 
obstruct ; to seize under a legal process.- 
n. seizure under a legal process. 

■^ni'n^J^^'j "• ^^' «^' »■*>«) to come to a 

place ; to reach ; to happen. 
Ar-rl val, w. the act of coming to a place. 

Ar'ro-gate, v. (L. ad, rogo) to claim 
^roucRy or rainly ; to assunie. 

L''^'.'^*"?,®' ^'^'■o-gan-9y, ». assumption ol 
too much importance. 

i^'r«'S^"J'i'**'"f".™i"g; haughty; proud. 

itl.:^^}'^^' '^•.i." '^'^ arrogant niinner. 
Ar-ro-ga'tion, n. tho act of arrogating. 
Ar'ro-ga-tive, a. claiming unjustly. 

Ar'row, TO. (S. arewa) tho pointed 
y weapon shot from a bow. 
Ar'row-y, a. like an arrow. 

A,/r. ,^ I, — ' '^ i^-^"-, w pwiume. 
Ar'o-ma-tU-er, n. that which perfumes. 

A-rflje',;).^. of ame. 

A -round', ml. (a, round) in a circle : 
on^every 8ide.-pr<p. about ; encircling. 

A-roufio' V. fa, rotwe) to wako from 
sleep ; to raise up ; to excite. 

A-row', ad. (a, row) in a row. 

A^roynt', int. (Fr. ronger ?) begone ; 

Ar-pgg'ri-o, «. (It.) distinct instru- 
mentAl chorda accompanying the voice. 

Ar'que-buse, ». (Fr.) a hand-gun. 

^ oTf;-M""i^*^°> V^"" '''°* °f a° arquebuse ; 

Ar'se-nic, to. (Gr. arsen) a mineral 
poison. "»^"viu,i 

Ar-sen'i-cal, a. containing arsenic. 

Ar'son, to. (L. arsum) the crime of 

Art, second person singular, indicative 
^ mood, present tense of to be. 

Art, TO. (L. ars) the power of doine • 
skill ; a trade ; dexterfty ; cunning. ^ ' 
Art'ful, a. skilful ; cunning, 
Art'fai-ly, ad. skilfully ; cunningly. 
Art'ful-ness, n. skill ; cunning. 
Ar'ti-ftfc, n. trick ; fraud ; trade. 
Ar-tlf'i-fer, n. a mechanic ; a contriver. 
Ar-ti-fl'fial, a. made by ait; not natural. 
Ar-ti-f[.9i-ai'i-ty, ?», qualityof belngartlflcial 

a distilled water for woundi . -■'-"-•'-yi-i.n-ty.H.quaiuyoiDeingartlflci 
^L^a"f«"h"I"^' "• " «°^'^'" "'°«<i ^^"h an | Ar-ti-f I'f ial-ly, ad. hy art ; not naSlIy 
L___I IfA -qijan, ». a uiecLaiiic ; a handicraftsman, 

*■***• '^'' f^'' ffiJM mf, met, thfire. hor ; piSJn. field, fir; note. not. nor, m6Te. sW 




Artless, fl. iin«Uiifiii . „r>i,i „r / j . . to asacauso; to imnnto. ♦« ™o.,i™, " 

. aiy of the fine arts. 

Arfless, a. unskilful; void of fraud; simple. 

Art Ios9-ly, ad. in an artless manner. 

ArtlesB-ness, n. want of art. 

Arts'man, n. a man skiUed in arts. 

Ar'te-ry, n. (Gr. aer, tereo) a vessel 

tWff ""''^y'' '''^ ^•°«"^ *■«•<"» the heart to 
the different parts of the body. 

Ar-t6 n-al, a. relating to an artery. 

Ar-thnfic, Ar-thrit'i-cal, a. (Gr. ar- 
^ thron) relating to the joints or to the gout. 

^»'i''*^"^*'' "• <^'' artichaut) an escu- 
lent plant, resembUng a thistle. 

Ar'ti-cle, n. (L. artus) one of the parts 
of speech; a single clause of an account^ 
a st.puiat on.-.,, to tlraw up or^M b^ 
articles; to stipulate. f "»• uma oy 

Ar-tic u-Iate, o. jointed; distinct _» tn. 
utter words distihctly. °'si">ct— f. to 

Ar «^'li!*'f''^' '^;.'nan articulate vojce. 
Ar-tlo-u-la'tion, n. distinct utterance ; a jbint 

Ar-ttTl'Ior-y, n. (Fr. artiUene) missive 
w.f'.ponsofwar; cannon; ordnance. 

•^.'Sf 'P^f^'. ^- ^^- fi^uspex) a sooth- 
sayer ; a diviner by the entrails of beasts 

A-raB'pi.9y, «• the act of prognosticating hv 
mspecting the entrails of saSrificor ^ ^^ 

Aa, con. (S. ase) in the same or like 
nwnner ; in the manner Ui^; fha^! 
«* similarly; in respect of; forexamjlr 

As-a-foet'i-da, n. (asa, L. faiidus'i a 
gum resiu of an offensive smell. ' 

^!£^'^^^'Jt' ^^^' «? *^'««) a mineral 

*'&•"•=«' '^*''°»^ «"•! incombustible. 
cSuTtlbl^ P'^^'*--« »" -b^^toB; in- 

As^nd', V. (L. arf, jcanrfo) to climb 

As-o6ndant,n. telght; elevation; superi- 
A. "i*;r"- supenor; above the horizon 
As-9en den-^y. «. influence; powen 
As-9Cn's,on, n. tho act of ascendlnT 
AG-f6n'sive, a. rising; tending ^rlk 

i%Son-dt'"^*l'*«^' ''"^'"^"^"^e^ 
„/ • , y» "• ^^^ <lay on which tho 
ascension of our Saviour is cominemorkted! 

As^r-tain', v. (L. ad, certus) to make 
A.^"^.i'lLl^«f^bJ•!!' ^ to deterSiJr^^' 

4s-9er-ta „;a-bre7r;h.^tma7b™^^^ 
As-5er-tum'ment, „. the act of as^eSfng.' 
As-9etio, a. (Gr. askeo) employed in 

rtreSThStl -*-- ^« 
As-96t'i-9i|im, n. the state of an ascetic. 

&^'- **:, ^'- ^C^r. a, ^Aria) peonle 
^"ff >" t'>e torrid zone ' who, at eerto n 
times of the year, have no shadow arno^n! 

^:$L*®®' «• (Gr. «sA:os) a species of 

A^K 'a^'^^J''"*^,"^ "i« abdom^en? ' ^* 
A*-f« ic, As.9lt'i^al, a. dropsical. 

to as a cause ; to impute ; to assiim 
A-scrlbVble. «. that iSay be ascrS 
A-scrlp'tion, n. tho act of , ascribing. 
As-unp-tl'tious, a. that is ascribed: 

Ash, n. (S. asc) a tree, or its wood. 
Ash'en, a. niadoofash. """u. 

Ash'col-oiired, a. between brown and tnr 
like the bark of ash. ^^'^ 

A-shamed' a. (o, sAaTw^) affected bv 
shame; abaahed; confused. ' 

Ash'es, w. pi. (S>.asce) the remains ol 

■ftsn y, a. like ashes ; pale. 
Ash WCdnes'day, n. tlio first day of Lent. 
A-shore' ad. (a, shore) on shore ; 
to tho shore ; stranded. ' 

^'sian, a. relating to Asia. 

tShabiliSsr ° ^^"-"- ^ "'^"^^'i-9ijm, «. imitation of the Asiatics. 
A-sIde', ad. (a, side) to one side ; apart. 
As'i-nlne. See under Ass. 
Ask, «. (S. «c«tffln) to beg ; to petition ; 

Is^'or'T°A' *» 1"«^ti«n ; to inquire. " ' 
Abk er, n. a petitioner; an inquirer. 

^'omem'^ti/,^^'^- ***''^> «^^^^"«^y; 

^oSdi "''^ ^''' ^^''"'^ obliquely; on 
A-sIccp', ad. {a, sleep) sleeping. 
1- -P^'' .¥• (S- aslupan) with de- 

chvity; obliquely. ^ ' ^^ 

Asp, As'pic, n. (Gr. <wpw) a poison- 
ous serpent. /- / » i/wiouu 

Asp, As'pen, n. (S. orspg) a species of 

poplar, with trembling leaves. 
As pen, a. relating to the aspen tree. 

As-par'a-gus, n. (L.)an esculent plant. 

As'pect, w,..(L. ad, spectum) look: 

countenance; view; sitiiSition. ' 

?Afte'^*®'"-^^-'"P^'')to'nake rough. 

As-FCr'i-ty, n. roughness ; harshness. ^ 
AS pcr-ous, a. rough ; uneven. 

A-sporse', v. (L. arf, sparstim) to 

slander ; to.caluraniate ; 'to cast upon. 
A-sper'sion, n. a sprinkling; calumny. 

As-phai'tos (Gr.) As-phal'tum (L.) n. 

bitumen ; Jew's pitch. ^\^.)n, 

As-phai'tic, a. bituminous ; gummy. 
As'pho-del,7i.(Gr. asphodelos) day-lily. 
A-spIre', V. (L. ad, spiro) to desire 

eagerly ; to pant after ; io aiin at. ^ 

ffl r^t"„ ',r**°°^ '"'"^ ''*'''''°» i a candidate. 
Aspi-rato, V. to pronounce with full breath. 
-^- pronounced with full breath.-n. th< 


'•1 a^ijiration. 

wkii'^'nlT^/*;* '"•^'thing after ; an arde.t 
wian, act of pronouncing with full breath. 

lob. «b.faii; cr;„h, ««. b.^ 6a;:i;^^;:;;^r^;^;:^^ 

ASP 36 

A-splre'merit, w. the act of aspirirg. 

A-spIr'or, ». one wlio aspires. 

A-gplr'ing, n. thu dcsiro of something great. 

Aa-por-ta'tion, n. (L. abs, porta) the 
act of carrying away. 

A-squmt', ad. (D. schuin) obliquely. 

Ass,n. (L. asinus) an animal of burden^ 
As'i-nino, a, pertaiiiiiig to an aas. 
Assliead, n. a dull person ; a blockhead. V. (L. ad, salio) to fall upon ; 

to attack ; to invade. 
As-sail'a-ble, a. that may be attacked. 
As-sSil'ant, a. attacking. — n.onewhoattacka. 
As-sail'er, n. ono wlio attacks. 
As-sail'ment, n. the act of assailing. 

As-sas'sin, n. (Fr.) a secret murderer. 
As-sfts'si-nate, v. to murder secretly. 
As-sas-si-na'tion, »». the act of murdering. 
As-sSs'si-nu-tor, n. one vho assassinates. 

As-sault', «. (L. ad, sal turn) to attack 

with violence. — n. an attack ; an onset 
As-siiult'a-ble, a. that may be assaulted. 
As-sault'er, n. one who assaults. 

As-say ', v, (Fr . cssaycr) to try or prove, 

as metals.-^ a triai ; examination. 
As-say'er, n. one who assays metals. 

As-so-cQ'tion, n. (L. ad, seoutum) 
acquirement; act of obtaining. 

As-sem'ble, v. (L. ad, simul) to bring 

together ; to meet together. 
As-6Cm'bIag:e, n. a collection of individuals. 
As-sem'bler, n. one who assembles. 
As-sdra'bling, n. a meeting together. 
As-sCm'bly, n. a company ; a convocation. 
As-sem'bly-rfl6m, n. a room in which persons 

assemblei especially at public meetings. 

As-sent', «. (L. ad, sentioi) to agree to ; 

to admit as true ; to concede. — n. the act 

of agreeing to ; co sent. 
As-scn-tii'tion, n. compliance out of flattery. 
Aa-sCnt'cr, n. one who assents ; a favourer. 
As-sCnt'ment, n. agreement ; ccnsent. 

As-sSrt', V. (L. ad, sertuin) to affirm ; 

to maintain ; to claim. 
A s-si'r'tion,n.the act of asserting; affirmation. 
As-ser'tive, a. positive ; dogmatical. 
As-sur'tive-ly, ad. affirmatively. 
A8-s6r'tor, n. a maintainer ; a vindicator. 
As'ser-to-ry, a. affirming ; supporting. 

As-scss', V. (L. ad, sessum) to rate ; to 

fix the proportion of a tax. 
As-sCs'sion-a-ry, a. pertaining to assessors. 
As-sSss'ment, n. the act of assessing; the 

sum levied on certain pro, 3i1y. 
As-sOs'sor, n. one who assesses , an assistant 

in council. 

As'sets, n. pi. (L. ad, satis) goods suf- 
ficient to dlschaige all legal claims. 

As-scv'er, As-sev'er-ate, v. (L. ad, se- 

verut) to affirm solemnly. 
As^fiCv-er-a'tion, ». solemn affirmation. 

Assi-du'i-ty, n. (L. ad, sedeo) dili- 

gence ; closeness of application. 
As-sld'u-ous, a. constant in application. 
Ab-siU'u-OUtt-iy, ui. uiii^uviy ; uunsiantiy. f 


AB-sld'u-ous-ncsg, n. constant application. 

As-sign', as-sTn', v. (L. ad, signo) U 
mark out ; to apportion ; to make over.— 
n. one to whom assignment is made. 

As-slgn'a-blc, a. that may be assigiieeL 

As-sig-na'tion, n. an appointment to meet. 

As-sign-eC, n. one to whom assignment ii 
made; one appointed or deputed by another. 

As-slgn'cr, n% one wlio assigns. 

As-slgn'mc \ n. tlie act of assigning; a 
transfer ui title or interest. 

As-sim'j-Iate, v. (L. ad, similis) to 

make or grow like. 
As-8lm'i-la-ble, a. that may bo made like. 
As-sTm-i-la'tion, »». the act if assimilating. 
As-slm'i-la-tive.a.having power to assimilate 

As-8ist', V. (L. ad, sisto) to help. 
Aa-8T3t'an9e, n. help ; aid ; succour. 
As-slst'ant, a. helping ; aiding.— n. one wh« 

assists ; a helper. 
As-slst'lcss, a. without help. 

As-sTze', n. (L. ad, sessiirn) a court held 
twice a-ycar to try causes by a judge and 
jury ; a statute for determining weight or 
price. — V. to fix a rate of weight or price. 

As-slz'er, n, an officer who inspects weights 
and measures. 

As-so'yi-ate, v. (L. ad, socius) to unito 
with ; to join in company.— a. joined with ; 
confederate. — n. a companion ; a partner. 

As-so-9i-a'tion,w. union; confedcfacy; part- 
nership ; connexion ; an assembly. 

As-so'^i-a-tor, 71. a confederate. 

As-soil', V. (L. ab, solvo) to solye ; to 
set free ; to acquit. 

As-s6rt', V. (L. ad, sors) to class ; to 
arrange into kinds of like quality. 

As-sort'ment, n. the act of classmg ; a quan- 
tity selected or arranged. 

As-sua^o', V. (L. ad, suavisl) to soften; 

to mitigate; to abate. 
As-suage'ment, n. mitigation ; abatement. 
As-sua'sive, a. softening ; mitigating. 

As'sue-tude, n. (L. ad, suetum) cus- 
tom; habit; use. 

As-siimo', v. (L. ad, sumo) to take to ; 
to take for granted ; to arrogate. 

As-sQm'cr, n. one who assumes. 

As-sQm'ing, p. a. arrogant ; haughty. 

As-s(kmp'tion, n. the act of taking; suppo* 
sition ; the thing supposed. 

As-sOmp'sIt, n. the legal term for a volun- 
tary promise. 

As-sure', t>.(L. ad, securus)to give confi- 
dence ; to make secure ; to assert positively. 

As-sQr'anfc, n. certain expectation; contt- 
dence ; want of modesty ; security. 

As-sQred', p. a. certain ; not tloubtmg. 

As-sDr'ed-ly, ad. certainly ; indubitably. 

As-sOr'ed-ness, n. the state of being assured. 

As-sQr'er, n. one who assures. 

As'ter-isk, n. (Gr. aster) a star oi 

mark in printing, as *. 
As'ter-ism, n. u constellation ; an asterisk. 
As'ter-old, n. a name of tlic four small plauuti 

between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. 

Kate, fat, far, fall j me, ra#t, thCre, hit ; pine, pin, field, fir : note, not, nor, move, scu: 




assigning; a 

for a voluD* 

^-st^rn', ad. (a, stern) at the hinder 
part of a ship. 

Asth'ma, Sst^na, n. (Gr.) shortness 
A »l^'"''x^*,'? • difficulty of breathing. 
S W ■^^'>-°»^''i-ca'. «• troubled with 

As-ton'ish, v. (L. ad, tono) to amazo : 
to Burprise ; to confound. ' 

aL*2°/-'u*?"^'.* wonderful; surprising. 
A riftn J'.h'"'^"'*^' '^- •" " S"n»rising manner. 
a!" i^n K'/"""'?'' "•. amazement; surprise. 
As-tOQnd', V. to strike with amazement. 

^^'!.T M^*^' "• , ^^^- astraffalos) the 
S?umii?^'"°'""^ the top and bottom of a 

As'tral, a. (Gr. aster) starry, 

^^ghSlv"'^' ^''' '''"^^ ^"* '^ *^ 

^?»*w/' '"• ^^' <^' strictum) to bind, 
-^-s^ c^ ?on, „. the act of binding. 
A-strlc'tive, a. binding; contracting, 
^^■st^rido', arf. (a, stride) with the legs 

A-stringo', v. (L. erf, ji-rmffo) to bmd 

together ; to contract. 
A-3trln'gcn-9y, n. the power of contracting. 
A-strln'gent, a. binding; contracting.- 

n. medicine which contracts. 

As'tro-labe, n. (Gr. aster, lahein) an 
Jm 1 J^T^T* ^o^nerly used to take the alti- 
tude of the sun or stars. 

As-trol'o-^, n. (Gr. aster, logos) the 
protended science of foretelling by the stars. 

Ab-trol'o-ger, As-tro-lo'jri-an, n. one who pro- 
fesses to foretell events by the stars. 
. As-tro-lfig'ic, ls-tro-l6^'i-cal, a. relating to 
astro ogy; professing astrology. 

As-tro-l6j:'i-caUy, ad. according to astrology. 

As-tron'o-my, w. (Gr. aster, nomos) the 
science which treats of the heavenly bodies 
As-tron'o-mer, n. one skilled in astronomy 
4s-tro-nOm'ic, Is-tro-nOm'i-cal, a. peS- 
iiig to astronomy. ' P^'ta»°- 

As-tro-nOm'i-cal-ly, ad. in an astronomical 
A, f^n'„'' ^y ^^^ principles otastronoSy. 
A3-tr6n'o-mlze, v. to study astronomy. ^ 

As-tro-the-ol'o-gy, n. (Gr. aster, theos, 
loffos) proof of a (Jeir\y founded on the obser- 
vation of the heavenly bodies. 

'^ra^annJr! '^^' ^"' ^''"^^ ^" ^ strutting 

As-tnto', a. (L. astutus) cunninff • 
shrewd; penetratmg; sharp. """'"S , 

A-sun'dcr, ad. (a, sunder) apart: 
separately; not together. '^i^^^f > 

A-sy'lum, n. (L.) a place of retreat, 
want of proportion. '^ 


--.^, ui;i. agreeing; mffeiiiig. 

Asymp-tote, «. (Gr. a, sun, pipto) a 

lino which continually approaches a curri 
without ever meeting it. 

figure which omits the conjunctions. 

At, prep. (S. «o denoting nearness, 
presence, or direction towarcfi. ""^ "*''*'*» 

At'a-bal, n. (Sp.) a kind of tabor. 

At'a-rax-y, n. (Gr. a, tarasso) calm- 
nessofmind; tranquillity. ' 

At'ax-y n. (Gr. a, taxis) want oi 

order; disturbance; coafusion. 
Ate,p. /. ofea^ 

'^nh/;""'''^*"' '^- '•elating to the creed 
of At/tanaii^-^ a follower of Athanasiu* 

A'the-ijm, n. (Gr. a, theos) disbeliel 
^in the existence of a God, '"°"«'"w 

of .tood"' °"° ^^^° ^•'"'^^ ^'^^ existenci 

faS^f i^Sf "-'. - P-t^nins to 

A'thejous, a. ungodly; profane. 
A-thirst', arf.(a, /Am/) in want of drink. 
Ath'Iete, n. (Gr. athletes) a contender ^ 
Atft'i I'?*"''^ °^ «*'°"Sth ; a wrestler. 
Atn-iet ic, a. strong of body; vigorous. 

A-thwart', prep, (a, /Arrar/) across : 
from^side to side.-^rf. crossly ; wrong? 

A-tnt', ad. {a, tilt) in the manner of a 
tuter ; m a raised posture. 

f^'l^s, ra. (Gr.) a collection of maps. 
AirJ^'^f^^' "•• pertaining to Atlas. 

wlo!? Vt."- elating to the ocean on tho 

west of Europe and Africa. 

At'mos-phere, ra. (Gr. atmos, sphaira) 
^ the air which encompasses the earth. 
At-mos-pher'ic. At-mos-pher'i-cal, a. be- 
longing to the atmosphere. 

^fl°^' "•i?''- «» '«»nno)an extremely 
small particle ■^ 

A-tom'i-cal, a. pertaining to atoms. 
4t,om-ism, w. the doctrine of atoms. 
atXr* "■ °"° wJio^'olds the doctrine 01 

A-tOne', V. {at, one) to make satisfao- 
tion for ; to expiate ; to reconcile. 

A-tone raent, n. expiation ; satisfaction. 

A-top', ad. {a, top) on or at the top. 

At-ra-bi-la'ri-an, At-ra-bi-Ia'ri-ous, a. 

melancholy.''"' ''^'"''^ ^"'^ ^^^ ^^^i 

At-ra-ment'al, At-ra-meut'ous, a. (L, 
a<ramc?»<«OT)ihky; blaclj.. 

A-tro'cious, a. (L. a/rojp) wicked in a 

nigh degree; enormous; outrageous. 
A-tro fious-ly, ad. in an atrocious manner. 
A-trO cious-ness, n. enormous wicliedness. 
A-trOc'i-ty. n, horrible wioki'dnes?., cry.crypt.m?rrh; t«l. b6?; ;;;i;:;^;;;;:;^— ^^ 

- ' 






At-tiijh', V. (Fr. aUachc'i to tako ; to 
aeizo ; to flx ; to win ; to gain over. 

At-tft^h'ment, n. adherence ; Hdclity ; unlow 
of affection ; an appretiension. 

At-tSck', V. (Fr. attaquer) to assault ; 
to fall upon.— n. an assault ; an onset. 

At-tAck'er, n. one who attacks. 

At-tain', t). (L. ad, teneo) to gain ; 

to come to ; to reach ; to arrive at. 
At-t.^in'a-ble, a. that may be attained. 
At-tain'a-ble-ne3», n. the being attainable. 
At-tain'ment, n. that which is attained. 

At-taint', v. (L. ad, tinctum) to dis- 
grace; to corrupt; to And guilty of treason. 
At-tfiin'der, n. the act of attainting. 
At-tfiint'ment, n. the state of being attainted. 
At-taiut'ure, «. imputation ; reproach. 

At-tem'per, v. (L. ad, tempera) to 
mingle ; to soften ; to regulate ; to fit to. 
At-tem'per-ate, a. proportioned ; suited. 

At-tempt', V. (L. ad,tento) to try ; to 

endeavour. — n. a trial ; an attr-ck. 
At-tempt'a-ble, a. that may be attempted. 
At-tCmpt'er, n. one who attempts. 

At-tend', v. (L. ad, tendo) to fix the 
mind>upon ; to wait on ; to accompany. 

At-tend'an9e, n. the act of waiting on ; ser- 
vice ; the persons waiting. 

Ait-t6nd'ant, a. accompanying.— n. one who 
attends, or is present. 

At-tCnd'er, n. a companion ; an associate. 

At-tent', a. heedful ; regardful. 

At-tCn'tion, n. the act of attending; civility. 

At-tCn'tive, o. full of attention ; heedful. 

At-tCn'tive-ly, ad. heedfully ; carefully. 

At-t6n'tive-ness, n. state oi being attentive. 

At-ten'u-ato, t;. (L. ad, tenuis) to make 

thin or slender.— «. made thin. 
At-t6n'u-ant, a. making thin. 
At-t6n-u-a'tion, n. the act of making thm. 

At-test', t». (L. ad, testis) to bear wit- 
ness to ; to affirm ; to invoke. 
At-tes-ta'tion, n. testimony ; evidence. 
At-test'er, At-tCst'or, n. a witness. 

At'tic,a.relatingtoJ««ca or Athens ; 

elegant ; classical. — n. a native of Attica ; 

the uppermost room in a house ; a garret. 
At'ti-9ise, V. to use atticisms. 
At'ti-(ijm, ». an Attic idiom. 

At-tiro', V. (S. tier) to dress ; to ar- 
ray.— n. clothes ; dress ; the headdress. 
At'tVing, »». dress; the headdress. 

At'ti-tude, TO. (L. apto) posture ; po- 
sition; gesture. 
At-tollent, a. (L. ad, tollo) lifting up. 

At-t8rn', v. (L. ad, torno) to transfer 
the service of a vassal or tenant. 

4>,-t6r'ney, n. one who acts for another, 
especiaUy in matters of law. 

At-tor'ney-ship, n. the office of an attorney. 

At-t6rn'ment, ». the yieldmg to a new lord. 

At-tract', V. (L. ad,tractum) to draw 

^n • *f\ o^iiisM • ^n sntics t to oniyofyftr 
Ar-trac'ta-bie, a, that may be atTracted. 
At-lrac-ta-bU'i-ty, n. quality of attracting. 

At-trflc'tion,n. the act«rpower of drawing to 
At-trAc'tivo, a. drawing to ; alluring; inviting 
At-trac'tivc-ly, ad. in an attractive manner. 
At-trac'tive-ncas, n. the being attractive. 
At-trac'tor, n. one that attracts. 
At'tra-hent, ;>. that which attracts 

At-trib'ute, v. (L. ad, tributuni) to give 

as duo ; to ascribe ; to impute. 
At'tri- bote, n. the thing attributed ; a quality 
At-trTb'u-ta-ble, a. that may be attributed, 
At-tri-ba'tion, n. the act of aUributing. 
At-trlb'u-tiVe, a. expressing an attribute — 

n. a word expressing an attribute. 

At-trite', a. (L. ad, tritum) worn bj 

rubbing ; grieved for sin. 
At-trJ'tion, m. the act of wearing ; grief for sin 

At-tQno', V. (L. ad, tonus) to make 
musical ; to acjjust one sound to another. 

AuTjurn, a. (S. brun) brown ; of a 
dark tan colour. 

Auc'tion, n. (L. auctum) a public sale 
^ by bidding ; the things sold by auction. 
Auc'tion-a-ry, a. belonging to an auction. 
Auc-tion-ec-r', n. one who sells by auction. 

Au-da'pious, a. (L. aiidax) bold ; im 
„pudent; daring; confident. 
Au-da'9ious-ly, ad. boldly ; impudently. 
Au-da'cious-ncss, n. boldness ; impudence. 
Au-da9'i-ty, n, boldness ; effrontery. 

Au'di-ble, a. (L. audio) that may be 

„ heard ; loud enough to be heard. 
Au'di-bly, ad. so as to be heard. 
Au'di-cn9e, n. the act of hearing; admit- 

„ tance to a hearing ; an assembly of hearers 
Au'dit, w. a final account.— v. to examint 

^ and adjust an account. 

Au'di-tor, n. a hearer ; one who examinet 

„ and adjusts an account. 
Au'di-tor-ship, n. the office of an auditor. 
Au'di-to-ry, a. having the power of hearing. 
— n. an assembly of hearers ; a place where 

„ lectures are to be heard. 
Au'di-tress, n. a female hearer. 

Au'ger, Au'gre, n. (S. nafe-gar 1) a tool 

for boring holes. 
Aught, at, n. (S. aht) any thing. 

Aug-ment', v. (L. augeo) to increase. 
Aug'ment, n. increase ; state of increase. 
Aug-m6nt'a-ble, a. that may be increased, 
lug-men-ta'tion, n. the act of increasing; 
^ state of behig increased ; the thing added. 
Aug-mSnt'a-tive, a. that augments. 
Aus-ni6iit''2r» "• <^"8 who augments. 

Au'gur, n. (L.) one who predicts by 
omens ; a soothsayer. — v. to predict by signs 
Au'gu-rato, V. to judge by augury. 
Au-gu-ra'tion, n. the practice of augury. 
Au-gQ'ri^al, a. relating to augury. 
Au'gu-rous, a, predicting ; foreboding. 
Au'gu-ry, n. prediction by omens. 

Au-giist', a. (L. augustus) grand 
^magnificent; majestic; awful. 
Au-gflst'ness, n. dignity ; majesty. 
Au'gust, M. the eighth month of the ycMi 
named in honour of Augustus Gxsar. 

Vite, fat, f4r, fall; mS, raCt, thfire, hiir; pme, ptn, field, fir; nOte, nOt, nor, mOvo, son/ 




An-gttBt'an, a. pertain Ing to Augustus. 

Au-la'ri-an, n. (L. aula) tlio mcmbor 

« of a hall. 

AuHlc, a. pertaining to a royal court. 

Aiiiit. n. (L. amita) a father's or mo- 
ther a sister. 

Au re-ato, «. (L. aurum) golden. 
Au-rCHi-a, n. the chrysalis of anlnscct 
Au-rlfer-ous, o. producing gold. 

Au-to-mat'io, 4. belonging to an automatm 
Au-tOm'a-tous, a. liaving self-motion. 
Au'top-sy, n. (Gr. antos, opsis) sccino 
J ■ »'"■;«: one's self; ocular cfcmonstration. 
Au-top ti-cal, a. seen with one's own eyes. 
Au-tOp'ti-ca)-ly, wl. by one's own eyes. 

Au'tumn, n. (L. autumnus) the third 

season of the year. 
Vu-tQni'nal, a. belonging to autuion. 

" >-«-wua, u. prouuemg goia. ^ ' -v.v...(,iinj m uuiuiua. 

Au'ri-clc, n. (L. auris) the external A"?-<^'?>s, n. (Gr.) a figure by which a 

_ ear ; an appendage of the heart. « '^ '* '°° '""<^'» nmgniWcd. 

{Il'^n'"'!''' "■ ^'"''/^''?'' '^ «««^er. Auy-n'ia-ry, j. (L. flM.ri7iMm) helping. 

.«, ... „^uft ij v*n, u, iiuwur. 

Au-rTc'u-lar, a. pertaining to the ear ; secret. 
Au-rlc'u-lar-Iy, ad. in a secret manner. 
Au ro'ra, n. (L.) the da^vn of the day. 
Au-nVra BO-re-a'lis. n. (L.) a meteor seen 
^ m the northern hemisphere. 

Aus-cul-ta'tion, n. (L. auris, cullum) 
^ a hearkening or listening to. 
Aus'piTO, n. (L. avis, specio) an omen 
drawn from birds ; protection ; influence. 
Aus'pi-cate, v. to foreshow. 
Au-spT'fious, a. having omens of success; 
-prosperous; propitious; lucky. 
Au-spl'9ious-ly, ad. prosperously. 

Au-stere', a. (L. austerus) severe : 
^ harsh; rigid; stern. 
Au-atero'ly, ad. severely ; rigidly. 
Au-stCre'ness.n. severity; rigour; strictness. 
Au-stSr'i-ty, n. severity; harsh discipline. 
Aus'tral, a. (L. auster) southern. 

Au-thcn'tic, An-then't'-cal, a, (Gr. 
authentes) having authority ; genuine; true. 
Au-tlien ti-cal-ly, ad. in an authentic manner. 
Au-thDn'tl-cal-ness, n. the being authentic. 
Au-thCn'ti-cato, v. to prove by authority. 
Au-thon-tl5'i-ty, n. genuineness ; authority. 
Au-thCn'tic-ly, ad. in an authentic manner.' 
Au-th6n'tic-nes3, n. the being authentic. 
An'thor, n. (L.auctor) the beginner or 
- first mover ; the writer of a book. 
Au'thor-css, n. a female author. 
Au-thflr'i-ty, n. legal power; influence: 
, rule*; support ; testimony ; credibility. 
Au-thOr'i-ta-tive, a. having authority. 
Au-thOr'i-ta-tive-ly, ad. with authority. 
Aii'thor-lze, V. to give authority ; to make 
, lej?al ; to establish by authority. 
Au-thor-i-za'tion, n. the giving authority. 
Au'tluir-less, a. without an author. 
Au'thor-ship, n. state of being an author. 

Au-to-bi-(Vra-phy, n. {Gr. autos, bios, 
jjrapko)thii life ofa person written byhimself. 

Au-toc'ra-9y, «• (Gr. auios, kratos) 
. unlimited power in onp person. 
Au'to-erat, n. an absolute monarch. 
Au-to-crat'i-cal, a. absolute; unlimited. 

&u'to-grSph, n. <Gr. autos, graph*) 
, one s own handwriting. 
Au-to-graph'i-cal, a. of one's own writing. 

(iu-tom'a-ton, n. (Gr. autos, mao) a 
self-moving machine : pi. au-tOm'a-ta. 

aidmg ; applied to verbs which help to con ■ 

jugate other verba.— n. a helper: an a» 

sistant ; a confederate. 
Auj^-il'ia-to-ry, a. assisting; helping. 
A-yuil', V. (L. valeo) to profit ; to ba 

of advantago.-n. profit ; advantage, 
A-vflil a-l) e, a. profitable ; powerful ; useful 
A-vail a-ble-ness, n. power; legal force. 

AvVlancho, n. (Fr.) a mass of sno'.v 
sUdmg down from a mountfiin. 

A.v'a-riyo, n. (L. avarus) desire of gain 
•* v-a-rryious, a. greedy of gain. 
Av-a-rrfious-ly, ad. covetously. 

A-vast', int. hold ; stop : a i^v, term. 
A-vSunt V«/.(Fr.ara7iOhenco ; begone. 
A've, n. (L.) an address to the Virgin 
Wary ; an abbreviation of Ave Maria. 

A-ven^o', V. (L. vindex) to take von- 

geance ; to punish. 
A-vCnge'ment, n. vengeance ; punlshi 
A-ven^''er, n. one who avenges. 

Av'o-nue, n. (L. ad, venio) a passage ; 

a way of entrance ; an alley of trees. 
A-v&^, V. (L. ad, verm) to declare 

positively; to affirm with conttdence. 
A-ver ment, »». a declaration ; an affirmation. 

Av'er-a§e, n. (Fr. ouvrage ?) a mean 
number or quantity.— a. containinira mean 
proportion.— r. to reduce to a medium. 

Av-er-run'cate, v. (L. ab, e, runco) to 

root up; to tear away by the roots. 
Av-er-run-ca'tion, n. the act ot rooting up. 

A-v^rt', V. (L. a, verto) to turn from r 

to put away ; to keep off. 
Av-er-s<ytion, «. hatred ; abhorrence. 
A-verse ,.a. disinclined to ; not favourable. 
A-v^rse ly, ad. unwillingly ; backwardly. 
A-verse'ness, n. unwillingness ; dislike. 
A-ver'sion, n. hatred ; dislike ; abhorrence 
A-v6rt'er, n. one that averts. 

A'vi-a-ry, n. (L. avis) an onclosurt 
for keeping birds in. 

A-vid'i-ty, n. (L. avidus) greediness . 
eagerness ; appetite ; desire. 

Av-o-ca'tion, n. (L. ad, voco) the act 
of calling away, the business that calls away 

A ;d', v.\L. vidua ?) to shuu ; to escape 

from ; to evacuate ; to annul. 
A-vfild'a-ble, a. that may bo avoided. 

tube. tab. fail ; cry, crjpt, mf rrh ; t6Tl, bdy, 6tir, nOw, new j f ede, gem, raije, ejS«t, thl» 




A,-T&td'an9e, n. tho act of avoiding. 
A-vAId'er, n. one wlio avoids. 
A-vOId'leas, a. that cannot be avoided. 

A^-oir-da-pois',n. (Vr.avoir,du, poids) 
a weight, of which a pound contains six- 
teen ounces. 

A.v-0-la'tiou, 71. (L. a, volo) a flying 
away from. 

A-v3u9h', V. (L. ad, voco) to affirm; 

tc declare ; to maintain ; to vindicate. 
A-vOil9h'er, n. one who avouches. 
A-vAO(li'mcnt, n. a declaration. 

A-v3vV', V. (L. ad, voveo) to declare 

openly ; to acknowledge and justify. 
A-vOw'a-blc, a. tlmt may be avowed. 
A-vOw'al, n. a positive or open declaration. 
A-vO*'ed-ly, ad. in an open manner. 
A-vO*'er, n. one who avows or justifies. 

A-vul'sion, n. (L. a, vulsum) tho act 

of tearing or pulling away. 
A-vQlscd', a. plucked away. 
A-wait', V. (rt, wait) to wait for ; to 

expect ; to attend. 

A-wake', v. (S. atvacian) to rouse from 

sleep ; to cease to sleep : p. t. a- woke'. 
A-wako', a. iiot sleeping ; not being asleep. 
A-wa'ken, v. to rouse from sleep. 
A-w:.'ken-cr, n. one that awakens. 
A-wa'ken-ing, n. the act of rousing. 

A-ward', v. (S. weard ?) to adjudge ; 

to determine.— ft. judgment ; sentence. 
A-ward'er, n. one who awards. 

A-ware', a. (S. war) watchful; vi- 
gilant; guarded; apprised. 

A-way', ad. (S. a, weg) at a distance ; 
absent — ird. begone. 

Awe, n. (S. ege) reverential '■ r ; 
„ dread.— w. to strike with reverence or fear. 
Aw'fai, a. that strikes with awe. 
Aw'fai-ly, ad. in an awful manner. 
Aw'ful-nes3, n. tho quality of being awful. 
Aw'less, a. void of awe ; irreverent. 
Awe'strflck, «». impressed with awe. 
A-whIle', ad. {.a,while)iox a short time. 

^'Awk'ward, a. (S. awerdV) clumsy; 
„ unhandy ; unpolite ; inelegant. 
■JLwk'ward-ly, ad. in an awkward manner. 
Awk'ward-ness, n. clumsiness ; inelegance. 

Awl, n. (S. (bI) a tool for piercing 
small holes. 

Awn'ing, n. (G. huli/an \) a covering 

to keep off the weather. 
A-woke', p. t. of aivake. 
A-wry', ad. (S. wrUhun) obliquely; 

Axe, Ax, n. (S. cex) a sharp iustru- 

tnect for hewing or chopping, 
ix'bead, «. the iron part of an axe. 

Ax-S'lar, Ax-nia-ry, o. (L. axilla) 
belonging to the arm-pit. 

A-xlom, n. ((ir. axioma) a self-ovi- 
^ dent truth. 

Ix-io-mat'i-cal, a. pertaining to on axiom. 

Ax'is, n. (L.) tho liuo, real or imajgi 
nary« on which a body revolves: p). ax'ea. 

Ax'le, Ax'le-trOO, n. tho pin or pole on whick 
a wheat turns. 

Ay, ad. (S. ia) yes. 

Aye, ad. (S. ad) always ; for over. 

Ay'ry. See Eyry. 

Az'i-muth, n. (Ar.) tho arch of the ho- 
rizon between the meridian of a place and 
any given vertical line. 

Az'iite, n. (Gr. a, zoe.) mophitic air ; 
nitrogen gas. 

A'zuro, a. (Fr. azur) faint blue ; slcy- 

coloured.~n. a blue colour. 
A'zured, a. blue. 

Az'yme, n. (Gr. a, sume,') unleavened 


to cry 

BaA, n. the cry of a shsop.- 
like a sheep. 

Bab'ble, v. ill. Babel ]) to talk con- 
fusedly; to prattle like a child.— m. tdk 
talk ; senseless prattle. 

Bftb'ble-ment, n. senseless prate. 

Bab'bler, n. an idle talker. 

Bab'bling, n. foolish talk. 

Babe, n. (Ja, ia?) an infant ; a child. 
Ba'ber-y, n. finery to please a child. 
Ba'bish, a. like a babe ; childish. 
Ba'bish-ly, ad. childishly. 
Ba'by, n. a young child ; an Infant. 
Ba'by-hd6d, n. infancy ; childhood. 
Ba'by-ish, a. childish. 

Ba-b66n', ». {babe 1) a large monkey. 

Bac'cha-nal,n. (L. Bacchus) a reveller. 
Bac-cha-na'li-an, a. relating to revelry. 
Bilc'nha-nalj, n. pi. drunken feasts or revels. 

Ba5h'e-lor,n. (L.6accffl,/aMrMs?) an un- 
married miin ; one who has taken bis first 
degree in the liberal arts ; a knight. 

Bafb'e-lor-ship, n. the state of a bachelor. 

Buck, n. (S. bcBc) the hinder part of tho 
body in man, and the upper part in beasts; 
the hinder part of any thing; the rear.— . 
ad. to the place left ; behind ; again.— w. to 
mount a horse ; to place on tho back ; to 
second ; to maintain ; to move back. 

Back'blte, V. to speak ill of the absent. 

Back'bl-ter,n.ono who speaks ill of the absent 

Back'bl-ting, ». slandering tho absent 

Back'bOne, n. the boiw of tho back. 

Back'dOOr, n. a door behind a house. 

Back'frifind, n. a secret enemy. 

Back[gr6and, n. ground behind ; shade. 

Bacffpigge, n. armour for the back. 

Back'r66m, n. a room behind. 

Back'slde, n. the hinder part. 

Back'sllde, v. to fall otf ; to apostatize. 

Back'sll-der, n. an apostate. 

Bftck'sll-ding, n. desertion of duty. 
1 Back'staff, n. a kind of quadrant 
i Back'stairj, ». pi. private stair*. 

*ite, fit, far, ISU; mP, m6t, thfire, h«r; pine, pin, field, fir; nSte, nfit, nOr, mOW, 




Bftck'swOrd, n. a sword with one sharp cdgo j 
H stick with a basket handle. 

Back'ward, ad. with the back forwards ; to- 
wards the back or the past.— a. unwiHlnK ; 
hesitating; sluggish; (lull; late. 

IMck'wardj, ad. towards the back. 

Bdck'ward-ly, a<i, unwillingly; perversely. 

Udck'ward-ness, n. dulnesa ; tardiness. 

Back-gSm'mon, n. ( W. tao, cammaun) 
a game with box and dice. 

Ba'con, balcn, n. (S. bacan) hog's flesh 
•alted and dried. 

liiid, a. ill : not good ; vicious ; hurtful. 
Bad ly, ad. in a bad manner ; not well. 
Il.1d'ness, j». want of good qualities. 

iJade,p. ^ofijd. 

Badge, n. (S. beag ?) a mark or token 
of distinction.— K to mark as with a badge. 
Badgo'less, a. having no badge. 

Bad'^er, n. an animal that earths in 

the ground.— w. to worry ; to poster. 
Bad ger-legged, a. having legs like a badger. 

Bad'i-nafe. bad'i-nazh, n. (Fr.) light 
or playful discourse. 

Baffle, t>.(Fr. befler) to elude ; to con- 

found ; to defeat.— n. a defeat. 
Daf'lier, n. one who baffles. 

Bag, n. (S. bcelp ?) a sack ; a pouch ; a 

purse — V. to put into a bag ; to load with 

a bag; to swell like a fidl bag. 
BiVgaj e, n. the luggage of an army ; the 

goods that are to be carried away ; refuse ; 

lumber; a worthless woman ; a flirt, 
nag'pipe, n. a mnsical wind instrument, 
uag'pi-per, n. one that plays on a bagpipe. 

Bag'a-telle, n. (Fr.) a trifle. 

Bagn'io, ban'yo, n. (It.) a bathing- 
liouse ; a brothel. 

Bail, V. (Fr. bailler) to set free on se- 
curity ; to become surety for another's ap- 
pearance.— m. surety given for another's 

Baira-ble, a. that may be balled. 

Brii'liff,w.a subordinate law officer ; a steward. 

B.ii'li-wick, n. the jurisdiction of a bailiff. 

Bail'ment, ' delivery of goods in trust. 

Bait, V. (S. baton) to put meat on a 
liook as a lure ; to give refreshment on a 
journey.— w. meat set to allure ; a tempta- 
tion; refreshment on a journey. 

Bait, V. (G. beilan) to attack; to harass. 

Baize, n. a kind of coarse cloth. 

Bake, V. (S. bacan) to dry and harden 

by licat ; to dress food in an oven p. ». 

baked or bak'en. 

B.ik'er, n. one whoso trade is to bakoa 

Bak'er-y, tu a baker's work-place anc^ven. 

Bak'ing, n. the quantity baked at ones. 

Hake'hoase, n. a place for baking. 

Bake'mcats, n. meats dressed in an oven. 

baran9e, n. (L. bis, lanx) one of the 
aitterence of an account ; a sign in the zo- 

diac— v. to weigh In scaloa ; to coiinten>ob« 
to regulate an account j to make eaual • U 
hesitate ; to fluctuate. 
Baran-9ing, n. equilibrium ; poise. 

Bal-cO'ny, or Barco-ny, n. (S. bah) a 
frame or gallery before a window. 

Bald, «. (balled 1) wanting hair: uu* 

adorned ; inelegant ; naked. 
Bald'ly, ad. nakedly ; inelegantly. 
Biild'ness, n. want of hair ; inolegancei. 
Bald'pate, n. a head without hair. 
Bald'pat-ed, a. destitute of hair. 

Bai'der-dash, n. {ball, dash) a jargon 
of words ; senseleas prate ; rude mixture. 

Bale, n. (Fr. balle) a bundle or pack- 

ago of goods.— v. to make up into a bale. 
Bale, t;. (Fr. bailler) to lave out water. 
Bale, n. (S. beal) misery ; calamity. 
Baie'ful, a. sorrowful ; destructive. 
Bal'is-ter, «. (Gr. ballo) a cross-bow. 
Balk, b3k,n. (S. bale) a ridgo of land: 

a gi-eat beam ; disappointment.— v. to dis- 

appomt ; to frustrate ; to elude. 

Ball, n. (G.) a round body ; a globe: 
a bullet. J » « > 

Ball, n. (Fr. bal) an entertainment ol 

Bai'let, n. a kind of historical dance. 

Ballad, n. (Fr. ballade) a song. 

S!,'!"^'"^'*' "• °: '"*'''°'" <"■ singer of Ballads. 

S!, "?■'■?• "• *'"' ^"^Ject or style of ballads. 

Bai'lat-ed, a. sung in a ballad. 

Ba ad-mak-er, n. one who writes ballads. 

Ba ad-mon-ger, n. one who sells ballads. 

Bai lad-8lng-er, n. one *ho sings balkiCa. 

Bai lad-tune, n. the tune of a ballad. 

Bai lad-wrlt-er, n. a composer of ballads. 

BaHast, n. (D.) heavy matter put ia 
the bottom of a ship, to keep it steady.— 
V. to put weight in the bottom of a ship: 
to keep any thing steady. 

Bal-ioon', n. (Fr. ballon) a largo round 
vessel used in chemistry ; a baU placed enei • 
a pillar ; a lurge bag of silk filled with ga^ 
which makes it rise into the air. 

Ballot, n. (Fr. ballolte) a ball used in 

voting.— V. to choose by ballot. 
Bal-lo-ta'tion, n. a voting by ballot. 

Bojlm, bam, n. (Gr. balsamon) an odo- 
riferous plant ; a fragrant ointment.- v. to 
anoint with balm ; to soothe. 

Balm'y, a. having the qualitie.s of balm, 
fragrant; soothing; mitigating. 

Bai sam, w. a shrub ; a soothing ointment 

Bal-sam'ic, Bal-sSm'i-eal, a, having the qu 
hties of balsam ; soft ; soothing. 

BSl'no-al, a. (L. balneum) belonetDC 
to a bath. " " 

Bai'ne-a-ry, n. a bathing room. 
Bai-ne-a'tion, n. the act of bathing. 

Baruster, n. (Fr. balustre) a aaiaU 
column or pilaster. 

! qu»» 

!0b«,tflb,f01i; cry,(..'jpt,mfrrh; tiJil,b6y.6Qr,n6w,new; 9ede, pom, rai,e, e^irt, Ifchi 




t)M'us4«re<1, a. having bnliistcrB. 
liariu-trOdo, n. a row of balusters. 

Bam-b66', n. an Indian plant of tho 
roed kind. 

Iiara-b6()'/,lc, v. to deceive ; to mislead, 
l>inu-b6a'«lor, n. a tricltitig follow ; a cheat. 

BSn, n. (S. bannan) a public notice ; 

a curse; intordiction.— c. to curie. 
BAn'dit, Ban-dlt'to, n. (It.) an outlaw; a 

robber : vl. ban-dlt'ti. 
Ban}, orBilnnj, n. proclamation of marriage. 

Band, n. (S. banda) any thing which 

binds.— v. to unite ; to associate. 
Ban'daf e, n. tliat wliicli bind* ; a fillet, 
nand'er, n. one who unites with others. 
Band'bf^x, n. a small, sliKht box. 
Iian'de-lct, n. a fiat moulding or illlet. 
Han'dOg, n. a Lirgo dop. 
Ban-do-lOOrj', n. wooden cases for powder. 

Band'rol. See under Banner. 

B5n'dy, n. (L.' pando) a club for strik- 
ing a ball.— V. to beat to and fro ; to toss 
■ about ; to give and take ; to excliange. 
Bftn'dy-lCg, n. a crooked leg. 
Ban'dy-lOgged, a. liaving crooked legs. 

Banc, n. (S. bana) poison ; mischief ; 

ruin. — V. to poison. 
Bane'fui, a. poisonous ; destructive. 

BSng, V. (D. bengeler) to beat ; to 
thump.— n. a blow ; a thump. 

BSn'ishj v. (Fr. bannir) to condemn to 

leave his country ; to drive away. 
Ban'isJi-er, n. one who banishes. 
Ban'ish-ment, ». the act of banishing ; exile. 

BSnk, ft. (S. banc) a mound or ridge ; 
the ground rising on eacli side of water ; any 
heap piled up ; a bench or seat ; a place 
where money is deposited. — v. to raise ■', 
bank ; to put money in a bank. 

Bank'er, n. one wlio keeps or manages a b.mlc. 

Uank'rupt, a. unable to pay debts ; insolvent. 
— ».. one who cannot pay his debts.— «. to 
make insolvent. 

Bank'rupt-fy, n. tho state of a bankrupt. 

tlwn'nor, tt,. (Fr. hanniire) a military 

standard ; a ilii;? ; a stre;unor. 
Ban'nered, p. a. displaying banners. 
Ban'ner-et, n. a knight made in the field of 

battle ; a little banner. 
Bftn'ner-Ol, Band'rol, w. a little flag 

Ban'quet, n. (Fr.) a feast ; a grand 
entertainment. — v. to give a feast. 

Ban'quct-er, n. one who feasts. 

Bun'quet-ing, n. the act of feasting. 

Uan'quet-hoase, Ban'quct-ing-liOQse, n, a 
house where banquets arc held. 

Ban'ter, V. (Fr. ba liner ?) to play upon ; 

to rally ; to jeer.— .». raillery ; ridicule. 
Ban'ter-er, n. one who banters. 
Ban'ter-ing, n. jesting ; ridicule ; ra;Uery. 

Uant'ling, n. a little child ; an infant. 

Bap-tize', V. (Gr. bapto) to administer 

the sacrament of baptism. 
fMp'tijra, 71. one of the Christian sacraments. 
B.ap-t!s'nia!, a. portfsinirg to baptism. 

Biip'tlst, n, one opposed te infant Inptlsm. 
Bap'tls-ter-y, n. a place for baptiiing. 
Bai)-tls'ti-cal, a. relating to baptism. 

B4r, n. ( Fr. barre) a long piece of wood 
or metal ; something to hinder entrance ; q 
bolt ; a gate ; a l)ank at tho entrance of a 
harbour ; tho place where lawyers plead, of 
crin'inals stand j an enclosed plapo in a 
tavo.-n ; a line in music which divides tha 
notes into equal portions in respect !» 
time.-- «. to fasten with a bar; to nmderi 
to exclude ; to except. 

Bar'ful, a. full of obstructions. 

Bar-ri-cJide', n. (Pr.) a fortification mnd<» In 
haste to keep off an attack.-ri>. to stop 
up a paiisage ; to fortify. 

Bar'ri-cr, m. an intrenchmcnt ; a defence j 
a fortres? ; an obstruction ; a boundary. 

Bar'ris-ter, n. a counsellor at law. 

BArb, n. (L. barha) any thing in placo 
of a beard ; tho points that stand backward 
in an arrow; armour for horses. — i'. to 
shave ; to jag arrows with hooks ; to fur- 
nish horses with armour. 

Bflr'ba-ted, «. bearded ; jagged with points. 

Barbed, p. a. bearded ; armed. 

Bar'bel, n. a species offish with barbs. 

Bar'ber, n. one who shaves beards. 

B;\rb, n. a Barbary horse. 

BarTia-can, n. (Fr. barbaranc) a for- 
tification before tho walls of a town, or at 
the end of a bridge ; an opening in a wall 
for guns. 

BArTja-rous, a. (L. barharus) rude ; 
uncivilized; savage j inhu:uan; contrary 
to good use in language. 

Bar-ba'ri-an, n. a savage; an uncivilized 
person ; a cruel person. — a. savage. 

Bar-bar'ic, a. uncivilized ; foreign. 

Biir'ba-rijm, n. inhumanity ; cruelty ; igno- 
rance ; an impropriety of spSech. 

Bar-bar'i-ty, n. savageness ; cruelty. 

Bar'bar-Ize, v. to render barliarous. 

Bar'lxt-rous-ly, ad. in a barbarous manner. 

Bdr'ba-rous-nesa, n, rudeness ; cruelty. 

Biir'be-cue, n. a hog dressed whole. — 
V. to dress and roast a hog whole. 

Bard, n. (C. hardh) a minstrel; a poet. 
Bard'ic, Bftrdlsh, a. relating to bards. 

Bare, a. (Si. bar) naked ; without 
clothes ; uncovered ; unadorned ; poor i 
mere.— V. to strip ; to mako naked. 

Bare'ly, ad. nakedly ; poorly ; merely. 

Bare^icss, n. nakedness ; leanness ; poverty. 

Bare'bOne, n, a very lean person. 

Bare'boned, a. very lean. 

Bare'fa9ed, a. shamaless ; impudent. 

Rare'fa9ed-ly, ad. shamelessly ; impudently. 

Baro'frtfed-r.ess, n. effrontery ; assurance. 

Bare'f6ot, a. having no shoes.— od. with- 
out aboes ; witli the feet bare. 

Bare'fOfit-ed, a. having the feet bare. 

Bareliead-ed, a. with the head bare. 

nrtre-hCad'cd-ness, n. tiio being bareheaded 

Bare'lfiggf d, a. having the legs bare. 

Bare'n6cl<ed, a. exposed. 

Barc'ptcl'.ed, a. picked to the bone. 

Bare'ribbed, a. lean. 

Bare, p. t. of bear. 
pin, f.ekl, fir ; note, nOt, nC- mdve, lAnf 


BAr'jtain, n. (Fr. barnuioncr) a con- 
tract ; ail asro«iiont ; tlio thlnj? bought or 
sold.— ». to mako n contract ; to gull. 

BAr'galn-er, n. one who nmkos a bargain. 

Bdr'galn-ing, n. the act of making a bargain. 

Bilr^e, n. (D. bargie) a boat for ploa- 

''iire, or for burden. 
H,ir'ycr,B4r^e'man , n.tho manager ofa barge, 
li&r^e'm&t-ter, n. the owner of a barge. 

Ba-rilla, n. (Sp.) a plant cultivated for 
its oahes. 

B&rk, n. (Dan. barck) the rind or co- 
vering of a tree — v. to strip olT bark : to 
cover with bark. 

Bark'y, a. consisting of bark. 

Diirk'bflred, a. stripped of the bark. 

Bdrk. V. (S. beorcari) to mako the 

noise of a dog ; to clamou> . 
nark'er, n. one that barks. 

Dirk, Bdrquo, ». (Fr. barque) a ship. 

Bar'loy, n. (S. bere) a fipecies of grain. 
Bar'ley-corn, n. a grain of barley. 

Biirm, n. (S. bcorma) yeast. 
Biirm'y, a. containing barm. 

Barn, n. (S. bere, em) a house for 
farm produce. 

Bar'na-clo, n. (S. a shell-fish ; 
a bird like a goose; tax instrument for 
nolding a horse by thp nose. 

Ba-n^m'o-ter, n. (Gr. baros^ mctron) 
an instrument for measm-ing the weight of 
the atmosphere. 

Par-o-m6t'ri-caI, a. relatingto thebarometer. 

Bar'on, n. (Fr.) a rank of nobility 

next to a viscount.'on-a^e, n. the dignity oresta*eofa baron ; 

the whole body ot barons or peers.'on-ess, n. a baron's lady. 
Bar'o-njr, n. the lordship or fee ofa baron. 
Ha-rO'ni-al, a. relating to a baron or barony. 
Bar'on-et, n. the title next to a baron. 

Bar'o-scOpo, n. (Gr. baros, skopeo) an 
instrument to show the weiglit of the at- 

Bnr-o-scflp'i-'M, a. relatingto the baroscope. 

Bar'rack, n. (Sp. barraca) a building 

to lodge soldiers. 
Bar'rack-mas-ter, n. the officer who super- 
intends a barrack. 

Bar'ra-tor, n. (Fr. barater) an en- 

courager of lawsuits. 
Bar'ra-try, n. foul practice in law. 

Btir'rol, n. (Fr. baril) a round wooden 
vessel ; any thing hollow and long ; a cy- 
linder. — V. to put into a barrel. 

Bar'ren, «. (S. bar) not prolific ; un- 
fruitful ; not copious ; uninventivo ; dull. 

Bar'ren-ly, ad. unfruitfully. 

BiJr'ren-ncss, ». want of offspring ; unfruit- 
fulness; sterility; scantiness. 

§ar-ri-cade'. See under Bar. 
ar'row, n. (S. berewe) a small hand 
or wheel carriage. 



flar'row, n. (S. bearg) a iiog. 
Biir'row, n. (S. bearw) a mound. 

Bur'ter, v. (Fr. barater) to traffic bj 
exchanging ; to give in oxoliaDgo.— n. traf 
tic liy exchange. 

B;ir'ter-er, n. one who barters. 

Ba-ry'tcg, Ba-ry'ta, Baryto', n. vGr. 
baroi) a ponderous earth. 

BSr'y-tOno, a. (Gr. barosy tonos) not- 
ing a grave deep sound. 

Ba-salt', n. (L. basaltes) a bard, dark- 

coloured stone. 
Ba-sait'ic, a. pertaining to basalt. 

Base, n. (L. basis) tho bottom ; the 
foundation ; tho pedestal of a statue.— 
I', to lay the foundation ; to found. 

Base'less, a, without a base. 

Base'ment, n. an extended base. 

Ba'sls, n. the foundation ; the pedestal of a 
column ; that on which any thing is raiso'l , 
the groundwork or first principle : pi. ba'ses. 

Bass, a. in music, low ; grave ; deep. 

BiUs-re-liC'f, n. sculpture, the figures of which 
do not stand far out from tho ground. 

Bas-sOOn', n. a musical wind instrument. 

Bass'vl-ol.Baso'vI-oi.n.amusical instrument 

Baso, a. (L. basis) low ; vile ; illegi- 
timate ; without value ; deep ; grave. 

Base'ly, ad. in a base or un .vorthy manner. 

Base'ness, «. meanness ; vileness. 

Buse'bOrn, a. illegitimate ; of low parentage. 

Base'cOurt, n. lower court ; the farm-yard. 

Base'mlnd-ed, a. mean-spirited ; worthless. 

Base-mlnd'ed-ness, »t. meauuess of spirit. 

Bas'e-net, n. (Fr. bassinet) a helmet or 


Ba-shSw', n. (Ar.) a Turkish viceroy ; 

an imperious person. 

BSsh'ful, a. (L. basis ?) shamefaced ; 

modest; sheepish; shy; exciting shame. 
Bash'fai-ly, ad. modestly ; in a shymanner. 
Bash'fai-ness, n. modesty ; rustic shame. 

Baj'il, n. the slope of a joiner's tool.— 
V. to grind the edge of a tool to an angle. 

Ba-fil'ic, n. (Gr. basileus) a large hall; 

a magnificent church 
Ba-fll'i-ca, n. the middle vein of the arm. 
Ba-^ll'ic, Ba-jll'i-cal, a. pertaining to the 

middle vein of the arm. 
Ba-sll'i-con, n. an ointment. 
Baj'i-lisk, n. a crested serpent ; a kind of 


Ba'sin, ba'sn, n. (Fr. bassin) a small 
vessel ; a pond ; a hollow i,Iace ; a dock. 

Bask, V. (D. backerenl) to lie in 
warmth ; to warm by exposing to heat. 

BasTcet, n. (W. basged) a vessel made 

of twigs or rushes. 
Bas'ket-hllt, n. a hilt which covers the hand. 
Bas'ket-hllt-ed, a. having a baaket-hiit. 

Bass. See under Base. 

Bass, n. (T. last) a mat. 

Bass, n. a fish of the perch kind. 

tnb«. tttb. fail ; cr?, crJtt, mfirh ; 4511, bOJ, Oflr, n6\V, no* j fedo, pm, raije, ejirt, tUa 




I ^■- 

Ba8'flct,n.(Fr. batsette) a game at cards. 

liils'tard.n. ( W. battardd) a child born 
out of wedlock.— a. illeKltliimtc ; spurious 
Ilfts'tard-Uo, v. to provo lo bo ii bitstiird. 
Hftg'tttrd-ly, a. spurious ; iiluBltliimto. 
J).lii'tard-y, n. tho statu of b«ing a bustard. 

Uriflto, w.(Sw. batn) to beat with a rtlck ; 

to drip butter on nioiit ; to low slightly. 
IJAst'injf, n. tho act of beating with a stick. 
UAs-ti-nado', lJas-ti-n.i'do, n. thu oct of Ijeiit- 

iiig with ttcudgd — V. to beat with acudgol. 

nSs'tilo.n. (Fr. bastille) a fortilicatiou; 
a costlu ; a state prison. 

Biist'ion, n. (Fr.) a mass of earth 
standing out from a rampart ; n bulwark. 

Bat, n. (S.) a heavy stick; a club 

used in playing at cricket. 
Hftt'lot, H. a picco of wood for beating linen. 
Iiat'on, Uu-toon', n. a stalf ; a club. 

But, n. a small winged animal. 
DAt'tish, a. liko a bat.'ty, a. boionging to a bat. 
Uftt'fftwl-er, n. one wlio practises bat-fowling. 
Uat'fOwl-ing, n. bird-catching at night. 

Biityh, n. (S. bacan) tho quantity of 
bread bukud at once. 

Bate, V. (S. beittan) to lessen ; to lower 

in price ; to tuko away ; to grow less. 
nate'less, a. not to be abated, 
liilte'ment, n. diminution, 
llat'ing, prep, except. 

Bate, n. (S.) strife ; contention. 
Biito'fal, a. contentious. 

Bath, n. (S. b<Bth) a place to bathe in; 

a bouse for bathing ; a measure. 
DAthe, V. to wash in a bath ; to soften. 
Du'ther, n. one wlio bathes, 
liu'thing, n. tho act of washing in a bath. 

Ba'thos, n. (Gr.) a sinking in poetry. 

But'tail-oua. See under Battle. 

Bat'tel, bat'tl, v. (S. batan) to render 
fertile ; to grow fat *-a. fertile. 

Bat'ten, v. (S. batan) to make fat. 

Bat'ter, v. (Fr. baitre) to beat down; 

to wear out.— n. a mbtture beaten together. 
Bflt'ter-er, n. one who batters. 
Bat'ter-y, n. the act of battering ; a raised 

work for cannons ; a violent assault. 
Bat'ter-ing-rSm, n. a military engine. 

Bat'tle, n. (Fr. bataille) a fight ; an 
engagement.— V. to contend in lijjlit. 

Bat'tail-ous, a. warlike. 

Jlat-tul'la, M. battle-array. 

Bat-tai'ion, n. a division of an arnij'. 

Bat'tle-ment, n. a wall with embrasures. 

Bat'tle-ment-ed, a. secured by battlements. 

Bat'tling, n. conflict ; encounter. 

Bat'tle-ar-r5y, n. order of battle. 

Bat'tle-Axe, ». a weapon of war. 

Bat'tle-iloor, Bat'tk-dOre, n. an instrument 
used in playing at shuttlecoclc 

Bat-tol'o-gy, n. (Gr. Batlos, logos) a 


Bat-t01'o-t;ist, n. one who rcpeaU imrtfwilj 

thu niunu words. 
Bat-tol'o-Kizc, I', to rojioat ncedleiily. 

Bav'a-roy, n, a kind of cloak. 

Buv'in, n. a Htick for firewood ; a fagot. 

Buw'ble, n. (Fr. babio/e) a triakotjl 

gewgaw ; a trille. 

Bawd, n. (\V. batv 1) a procurer, ot 

jirocurws.- 1', to procure ; to dirty. 
Bawd'y, q. tllthy ; obscene ; iincliast«. 
JJawd'i-ly, ad. obscenely ; lewdly. 
Biiwd'i-ness, n. obscenity; lewdness. 
Bdwd'ry, n. obscaiity ; unchaste Utnguage. 
Bawd'born, a. descended from a bawd. 
Biiwd'y-hOOse, n. a house of prostitution. 

Bawd'rick. Seo Baldrick. 

Bawl, V. (S. bellan) to cry aloud; to 

shout i to proclaim as a crier. 
Buwrcr, n. one who bawls. 

Bay, a. (L. badius) brown inclining 

to chestnut. 
Bay'ard, n. a bay horse ; a gazer. 
Bay'urd-ly, a. blind ; stupid. 

Bay, n. (S. buffan) an arm of tho tea. 
Bay'Biilt, «. ialt'mado of sea-water. 
Bay-wln'dow, n. a window jutting outwards. 

Bay, n. (Gr. baion ?) tho laurel tree. 

Buy, V. (Fr. abot/er) to bark at.— n. a 
stand made by one surrounded by enemies. 

Bay'o-net, n. (Bayonne) a dagger fix 
ed to a musket.— V. to stab with a bayonet. 

Ba-zaar'jBa-zar'jft. (r.)amarket-placc. 

Bdoll'ium, del'yum, n. (L.) au aro- 
matic gum. 

Bo, V. (S. Ucon) to exist ; to become ; 
to remain : pr. am ; ji. t. was ; p. p. bocn, 
BC'ing, n. existence ; any thing that exists. 

Beach, n. tho shore ; the strand. 
Beayiicd, a. exposed to the waves. 
Beayh'y, a. having a beach. 

Bca'con, bc'kn, n. (S. beacen) some- 
thing on an eminence to give notice; a 
lighthouse.— «. to light up. 

Bca'coned, «. having a beacon. 

Bea'con-age, n. money paid for mairXoining 

Bead, n. (S.) a little ball strung upon 
thread, used for necklaces and rosaries; 
any small globular body. 

BOiitrroll, n. a list of those to bo prayed for. 

BOadj'nian, n. a man who prays lor others. 

Bcad/wom-an, n. a. woman who prays for 

BSa'dle, n. (S. hudcl) a petty officer 

in a court or parish. 
Bca'dle-ship, n. the oflRce of a beadle. 

Bea'gle, n. (Fr. bigle) a small hound. 

Beak, n. (Fr. bee) the bill of a bird 5 

any thing like a beak. 
Beaked, a. having a beak. 

Beak'er, n. (Ger. becher) a vessel foi 
drinking; a flagon. 

Fate, fat, f4r, fAlI ; me, met, there, hit ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, m6ve, 






BeBin,n. (S.) tho mam picco of timber 
that supports a building j k part of a ha- 
jnnco ; tho polo of a chariot ; a part of a 
loom I tho lioni of n staor. 

fJOam'y, a. liko a boain ; having: horns, 

lilfam, n. (S.) a ray of light.— «. to 

Hhliio forth J tj omit rays, 
noam'loss, a. emitting no ravs of light. 
HCam'y a. omitting ray?" j radiant. 

Utan, n. (S.) a apocica of pulso. 

Boar, V. (S. heran) to carry ; to snp- 
P<Jrt; toenduro; tosufforj to brinjf forth: 
;>. t. bOre or b.lro, p. p. bOnio, born. 

Ucar'er, n. one that boars.'injf, n. Kusturo ; mien ; tho place or re- 

,, 'aUon of ono object with respect to another. 

UDflrins-dOth, n. a cloth for covering a child 
when carried to baptism. 

Hoilr, nXS.hera) a rough savapo animal. 
Uoftr'ish, a. having tho quality of a boar. bait-ing, n. baiting boars with dogs. 
JJclr garden, n. a place for keeping bears. 
Hi!.Ar h.^rd, Dear'wArd, n. a keeper of bears. 
Hoar'llko, a. resembling a bear. 

Beard, n. (S.) tho hair on tho lipg and 
chin ; tho barb of an arrow or hook.— 1>. to 
tako by tho beard ; to oppose to tho face. 

IJi-ard'ed, a. having a beard ; barbed. 

HOard'less, a. without a beard ; youthful. 

Beast, 71. iL.hestia) a foiir-footod ani- 
mal ; an irrational animal ; a brutal man 

iJOast'lIke, a. resembling a boast. 

iJOast'ly, a. liko a be.ast ; brutal. 

JJOast'li-ness, n. brutality ; fltthincss. 

Ijost lal, a. belonging to a boast ; brutal. 

UCs-ti-al'i-ty, n. the quality of beasts ; unna- 
tural connexion with a beast. 

BfiBt'ial-Ize, v. to make like a beast. 

BOst'ial-ly, ad. in the manner of a beast. 

Beat,u.(S.6raten) to strike ; tobruiso: 

to tread a path ; to conquer ; to dash : to 

throb: p. t beat; p. p. buat'en. 
neat, n. a stroke ; a striking ; a pulsation. 
Heat en, p. a. mado smooth by treading. 
HOat'er, n. one that beats. 
Hoat'inf, n. tho act of striking ; correction. 
Be-at'i-f?, v. (L. bcatusjacio) to make 

happy; to bless with celestial happiness, 
nu-a-tlfic, no-a-tlfi-cal, a. blissful. 
il'--?:*.''l'-'^a!-'y« od- in a blissful manner, 
lle-ftt-i-fl-ca'tion, n. the act of pronouncing 

a dead person blessed. 
Be-at'i-tQde, n. blessedness ; perfect felicity. 

Beau, bo, ». (Fr.) a man of dross : a 

fop : pi, beaux, boz. ' 

Beau'ish, a. like a beau ; foppish. 

Beau'ty, n. (Fr. beau) an assemblaco 
of graces ; a particular grace or excellence ; 
a beautiful person. 

BeaQ'te-ous, a.fair; elegant; pleasing. 

Beau te-ou8-ly, ad. in a beauteous manner. 

BeaQ te-ous-ness, n. the being beauteous. 

BeaQ tj-fQl rt. possessing beauty; fair; elegant. 

HeaQ'ti-ful-ly, ad. in a beautiful manner. 

Beafl'ti-ful-nefs,, n. the being beautiful. 

Beau't;-f?, v. to make beautiful ; to adorn. 

Boaft^ti-n-er, n. one that boautittes. 

ocau ti-iy-ing, n, iLo uci of malting beautiful. 

BoaQ'ty-spot, n. a patch j a fall. 
Bca'vor, n. (S. heoffir) an smphibioui 
qMulnmcd; tho fur of the boa/or ; u h«t. 
Ilea ..>rod, a. wearing a bc»ver. 

Bi<c-a-fi'co,n.(Sp.)abird, tho flg-eatcr. 
Bo-oalra', bo-cum', v. (be, calm) to 

•till ; to quiet. 

Bo-cr»mo', p. t of become. - 


Bo-9hSn9o', v. (be, chance) to hap. 
pen ; to befall. *^ 

Bo-jharm', v. (be, charm) to captivate. 
Bgck, V. (S, bencen) to mako a sisni 

with tho head ; to call by a motion of tha 
n.??-~^- " *'8^ ^*'"*> "'o head ; a nod. 
BOck on, V. to make a sign to.-n. a iign 

without words. 

Bo-cWud', V. (be, cloud) to dim ; to 

obscure. ' 

Bc-como',w. (S. becnman) to enter into 
some state or condition ; to suit; tobeHt; 
p. t. be-came'; p. p. be-c6rae'. 

''"•C'>m'ing, p. a. graceful ; seemly. 

] e-c6m ng-ly, ad. In a becoming manner. 

Be-com'ing-ness, n. decency ; propriety. 


Bed, n. (S.) .something to sloop on ; a 

couch ; a plot in a garden ; tho channel ol 

iiT„'"i>i" ''r"'ri a'ayer; a stratum. 
—V. to p ace in bed ; to sow or plant ; tc 
lay In order ; to stratify ; to cohabit. 

Bed'dmg, n. tho materials of a Led. 

S^lS'Vl'J*"*"^'"' "• •* chamber for a bed. 

T.$i^i'?*,^°?' "• *''° coverlets on a bed. 

Ken fel-lnw. n. nnn mhadln. I.. ^1 

BM'ttl-low, n. one wJAiKm in'thV^mo bed. 
I, n. pi. cifrtains of a bed. 

Bdd'hang-ings, .„ ^ «„., „. „ „, 

i^^d mak-er, n. ono who makes beds. 

nM'!!^w°' "•.?"" '^'1° ^'•^^P' 'n *ho same bed. 
BM post, n. tho post at tho comer of a bed. 
Bcd'prCs-ser, n. a lazy fellow. 
Bed rid, Bcd'rld-den, a. confined to bed b^ 
age or sickness. ■' 

n^^'^^A • "• ^^^ P^'v^ege of tho marriage-bed. 
Bcd'rrtdm, n. a room for a bed. 
BM side, n. tho side of the bod. 
Bed stead, n. the frame of a bed. » 
BCd'tlme, n. the time to go to bed. 
BCd'ward, ad. toward bed. 

Bo-dab'ble, v. (be, dabble) to wot ; to 
besprinkle. ' 

Be-dag'gle, v. (be,daggle) to soil with 

Be- dash', V. (be, dash) to wot by 
throwing water. ^ 

Be-daub', v. (be, daub) to daub over. 

Be-dSz'zle. V. (fie, dazzle) to make the 
sight dim by lustre. 

Bo-deck', v. (be, deck) to adorn ; to 

ornament; to grace. 
Bo-dew', V. (be,dew) to moisten gently, 
Be-diffht'. bn-dit'. », (b'> 'ti.nhtx *- 

adorn ; to dress. i j j ^ 

»Obt,tllb,fflll; or?, crypt, mjrrh; tOll, bOJ, ctir, nOw, now ; 9cde. yem, ralje, ejist, thk» 





Be-dim', v. {be, dim) to make dim ; 

to obscure ; to cloud ; to darken. 
Be-dl'zon, v. {be, dlzen) to dress out. 

Btld'Iam, 7i.(corrnptcd from BeiUehem, 
an hospital in London) an hospital for 
lunatics; amadliouis; aniadraan.— a.mad. 

Bed'lam-ite, n. a insidnian ; a lunatic. 

Bo-drag'glo, v. {be, draggle) to soil in 

the dirt. 
Bo-drenfA', v. {be, drench) to soak 

Bo-drop' V. {be, drop) to sprinkle 

over with ; to mark with sjwts. 
Be-duck', v. {be, duck) to put under 

Be-dung', v. {be, dung) to cover or 

manure with dung. 
Bo-dwarf, V. {be, dwarf) to hinder in 

growth ; to stunt. 

Bo-dye', v. {be, dye) to stain. 

Bee, n. (S. beo) an insect that makes 

honey aiid wax. 
noe'gar-den, n. a place for hcc-hivcs. 
Hec'hlve, n. a box or case for holding bees. 
»ce'uias-ter, n. one who keeps bees. 

Beech, n. (S. bece) a forest tree. 
IJcefh'en, a. belonghig to or made of beech. 

Beef, n. (Fr. bmtf) the flesh of an ox, 
bull, or cow.— a. consistuig of the flesh of 
an ox, bull, or cow. . 

nceves, n. pi cattle ; oxen. 

IJoefuat-cr, n. a yeoman of the guard. 

BC-Gf'wIt-ted, a. dull ; stupid. 

Been, p. p. of be. 

Beer, n. (S. bcor) a liquor mado of 

malt and hops. 
Beest'ings. See Bicstings. 
Beet, n. (L. beta) a garden vegetable. 

Bee'tlo,7i. {S.bytl) aheavy woodenmal- 
Ict; an insect.— J>. to jut out; to hang over. 
neo'tle-brOw, n. a prominent brow. 
130C''tle-brOwod, a. having prominent brows. 
BuC-'tie-hfiid-ed, a. dull ; stupid. 
IJec'tle-stbck, n. the handle of a beetle. 

Be-fair, V. (S. be, feallan) to happen 
to : p. t. be-foU'; p. p. be-fallen'. 

Be-fit', V. {be, fit) to suit ; to become. 

Be-foam', v. {be, foam) to cover with 

Be-fool', V. {be, fool) to make a fool of. 

Bo-f ore', prep. (3. be,foran) farther on- 
ward ; in front of; in presence of; prior to ; 
superior to.— od. sooner than ; in time past ; 
previously to ; hitherto ; farther onward. 

Be-fore'hanu, ad. in a state of anticipation ; 
previously ; antecedently ; at first. 

pe-fOre'tlme, ad. formerly ; of old time. 

Be-for'tune, v. {be, fortune) to hap- 
pen to ; iu Uelide. 
Bo-foul', V. {be, foul) to make foul. 

Bo-friend', v. {be, friend) to favour , 
to assist; to countenance. 

Be-fringo', v. {be, fringe) to Adom 
with fringes. 

Beg, V. (Ger. begehren) to ask ; l<i 
crave ; to ask alms ; to live upon alms. 

Bfig'ga-ble, a. that may be begged. 

BOg'gar, n. one who bugs ; one who lives b* 
begging. — v. to reduce to beggary ; to di«. 
prive ; to exhaust. 

Beg'gar-ly, a. mean ; poor. — ad. meanly. 

B6g'gar-li uess, n. meanness; poverty 

Beg'gar-y, n. great want ; indigence. 

Be-get', V. (S. be, getan) to generate 
to produce: p. t. be-gOt' or be-git'; p. tt 
be-gOt'ten or be-gftt'. 

Be-get'tcr, n. one who begets. 

Bo-gilt', a. {be, gild) gilded over. 

Be-gin', V. (S. beginnan) to enter upot* 
something new ; to do the first act ; t9 
commence : p. t. begAn' ; p. p. be-gun'. 

Be-gln'ner, n. one who begins. 

Be-gln'ning, n. the first or original caiise ; tha 
first part ; tlie rudiments or first groundi. 

Be-gln'ning-less, a. without a beginning. 

Be-gird', v. (S. be, gyrdar^ to sur 
round ; to encircle ; to encompais : p. t 
be-gird'ed or be-girt'; p. p. be-girt'. 

Beg'ler-bcg, n. a Turkish governor. 

Be-gnaw', be-navf', v. (S. be, gnagat 
to eat away. 

JiQ-gonQ' ,int.{be,gone) go avray ; hcnc"*. 

Be-got', Be-got'ten, p. p. of beget. 

Be-grime', v. {be, grime) to soil w^ith 
soot or dirt. 

Be-griid^e', v. {be, grudge) to cuvj; 
the possession of. 

Be-guUe', v. {be, guile) to impose upon, 

to deceive ; to amuse. 
Be-gull'er, n. one who beguiles, 

Be-gun', p. p. of begin. 

Be-half, be-haf',7i. (S. behefe)faxo\ir) 
cause; mterest; account; sfvhe; support. 

Be-have', v. (S. be, hablan) to con- 
duct ; to demean ; to act. 
Be-hav'iour, n. conduct ; demeanour. 

Be-head', v. {be, head) to deprive of 
the head. 

Be-hcld', p. t, and p. p. of behold. 

Be'ho-inoth, n. (II .) an animal describ- 
ed in the book of Job, supposed to be thi 

Be-hest', n. (S. be, hces) a command. 

Be-hlnd', prep. (S. be, hindan) at the 
back of ; following another ; remaining af- 
ter; inferior to.— ad. in the rear; back- 
wards; remaining. 

Be-hlnd'hand, ad. in arrears ; backward. 

Be-hold', V. (S. be, Itealaan) to view ; U 
1 see: p.t. be-held'; p. p. be-liCld'or be-hOld'«n. 

Pate, fat. fir, m. ; me, met, «iere, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n5t, nor. mfive. sin* 

u favour , 
to adoni 
I ask ; lo 

m alnu. 


iho Uvea b* 

ary ; to di*- 




3-gat'; p. V 


;nter upot* 
rst act ; t« 

I cause; thx 

'st grounds, 

II to siir 
^Sais: p. t 


?, gnagat 

) soil with 

) to euvi^ 

pose upon, 

fe) favour; 
12; support. 

n) to con- 

deprive of 


lal describ- 
sed to be tht 


ian) at tht 
•emaining af- 
rear ; back* 


to view; ia 

, mdve. B6n> 




Uo-hold', int. see ! lo ! 
Be-hold^en,p. a, bound in gratitude. 
Me-hold er, n. one who beholds. 

Be-h6ove', Be-h6ve', v. (S. behofian) 

to be necessary ; to be fit ; to become. 
{If ^°^'/ »• Proat • advantage; benolit. 
. Be-h66v'a-l)le, a. piotitable ; usefuL 
«c-hodve'ful, a. fit ; expedient. 

Bii'ing. See under Be. 

^"-^'^'bour, V. (be, labour) to beat: 
to thump. ' " » 

Bo-lri§ed', aXbe, lace) covered with lace. 
Be-late' v. (be, late) to retard. 
«o-lat ed, a. overtaken by niglit. 
lie-lat ed-ness, n. slowness ; backwardness. 

^?:}J^^'' Z' ,^^^' '^'"^^ *o Wock up ; to 
besiege ; to fasten a rope. 

mifh'v.(S. bealcan) to eject wind 
ouUrt. ? "'"f h.-^. the act o^f throwing 
out from the stomach ; eructation. 

Belf/<'ing, n. eructation! 

Bel'dam, n. (Fr. belle, dame) an old 

woman ; a hag. ' 

Be-l{;a'guer,u.(D.6e%grera) to besiege. 
Be-llc', y. (S. 5<?, leogan) to give the 

lie to ; to slander ; to calumniate. 
^°-^i^ve' «. (S. gelyfan) to credit ; to 

put conlidence in ; to have firm persuMion 

of ; to exercise faith. »uuoiou 

Be-hef, «. persuiwion ; opinion; the thing 

believed; f»ith; religion. " ^u'ug 

Be-iGv a-ble, a. that may be beUeved. 
.»ie-liev'er, n. one who believes. 

Be-lIIce',arf.(6e,^i/,re)probably ; perhaps. 

Bell, n. (S.) a hollow sounding vessel 

of metal ; any thing in the form of a bell. 

u^J^h ^A ^^'^ P'''*'=^ ^^''^''^ a l^e" '8 hung. 
«^ /I x**"'^'®''' «-one who casts or founds bells. 
i^e , hSng-er, n. one who hangs bells, 
w^ l™^' V' °°° *''" ""Ss a bell, 
ilea met-al, n. a mixture of copper and tin. 
used ior making bells. ' 

Beil', w. one who rings bells, 
n . /«^x1®' "' *''^ '"P*' hy which a bell is rung, 
i;^ ," x^.;:*''"' "• ^^^ P'^nt campanula. 
Beil wether, n. a sheep which carries a bell. 

Belle, n. (Fr.) a gay young lady. 

^iftiraS!*"'''^^^-^^'*'*"' "• ^Fr-) PO"*^' 

Bel-li^'er-ent, a. (L. bellum, gero) car- 
rymg on war.— n. r. nation at war. 

^r}'^*^^' ??• ^^- ^^^^«") *o inako a noise 

like a bull ; to roar.-n. a roar, 
nci' ow-er, n. one who bellows. 
Bel low-ing, n. loud noise ; roaring. 

meni for blowing the fire. 
Bel'lu--ae, a. (L. i^/Zwa) beastly 

S?' y-}'*"''. «• a girth for a horn. 

1|'5} y-g<id, n. a glutton. ' 

J]*^' ly-pluched, a. starved. 

n^ ' n l^'t' "• ** ^'/^^.*° ^^^ appetites. 
•BCI ly-tlm-ber, n. food. 

Be-lc>ng', w (D. belanqen) to bo th« 

fauK ' *°'^PP"'^"» *'>; to havef* 

^P'i^' ^-u^^- *^^^> *J'at part of the 
^ -Ii," ••"^" c^fitS"" liii; !J<nvcis ; mat part of 

Beily-ache.n. the colic; pain in the bowels. 

Sfu^T^/'^P- "^ ^*^' ^°«^) much loved 
Be-16v'ed, a. greatly loved ; dear. 

Be-low', prep, (be, low) under in place, 
time, or dignity.— «d. in a lower place. 

Belt, n. (S.) a girdle; a band.— «. t« 
gird with a belt ; to encircle. 

Be-mun'glo, v. {be, mangle) to tear 
asunder ; to lacefate. i^ / "" 

Bo-mask', v. {be, mask) to conceal. 
Be-maze', v, {be, maze) to bewilder. 
■^.."i^J'^^''^'- ^^^' '"''■^> to cover with" 

mire ; to drag in tho miro. 

Be-moan', v. (S. be, ..loenan) to la- 
ment ; to bewail. ^ *« «■ 

Be-moan'ing, n. lamentation. 
Bo-mock', V. {be, mock) to deride. 
Be -moil', V. {be, moil) to bemire. 

Be-mon'ster, v. {be, monster) to maka 
monstrous. ' *"«*n.« 

Be-mOurn', V. {S>.be,murnan)io lament. 

Be-mCLjed', a. {be, muse) overccmo 
with musing; dreaming. 

BgnpA, n. (S. bene) a long seat ; a 
seat of justice; the persons who sit us 
judges.— V. to furnish with benches. 

Benf ft er, n. a senior in the inns of court. 

Bend, v. (S. bendan) to make crooked • 
to incline; to bow; to subdue; to direct to 
a certain point : p. t and p. p. bCnt. 

BOnd, n. a curve ; a crook ; a flexure. 

BOnd'er, n. one that bends. 

B6nt, n. the state of being curved; inclina- 
tion; tendency; fixed purpose. 

Be-neath', pr(?p. (S. be, nythan) under : 
lower m place, rank, excellence, or digni' 
ty ; unworthy oL-ad. in a lower place. 

Bgu-e-dic'tion, n. (L. bene, aictum) a 
blessmg; mvocation of liappiness ; thanks. 
Ben-o-fac'tion, n. (L. bene, facio) tho 
T?«^ „tt"^ ^°°^ *° ^"°"'er ; a benefit, 
n^nl'f^^'"' "• one ^vho confers a benefit. 
BCn-e-fac'tress, n. a female benefactor. 
BCn 6-%% n. an ecclesiastiejil living, 
Ben'o-flfcd, a. having a benefice. 
Be-neri-9enf e, n. active goodness. 
Be-nCf i-fent, a, doing good ; kind. 

R«"n"f fV/^ -".'"'y' "J^- '" ^ beneficent manner 
«en-e-fl'9ial, a. advantageous ; useful. 
B6n-e-fl cia -ly, ad. advantageously. 
Jiun-e-ircial-ness. n. nspfuinoaa • «-/^«i 
Ben-e-fi'ci-a-ry, a. holding in'subordinktioa 
to another.— M. one who has a benefise ■ > 
person benefited by another. ' 







n6n-«-ft'9icn-9y, n. kindneis ; benignity, 
nsn-e-fl'fient, a. doing good. 
Bdn'e-fit, n. a kindness ; advantage ; use. — 
t>. to do good to ; to gain advantage. 

Be-ngv'o-len9e, n. (L. bene, volo) dis- 
position to do good ; kindness ; charity. 
3c-nev'oOent, a. liaving good will ; kind. 
ne-nSv'o-lent-Iy, ad. in n kind manner. 
Be-nCv'o-lous, a. lilnd ; friendly. 

Bo-niglit', bo-nIt', v. {be, night) to in- 
volve in darkness ; to overtake with night. 

Bo-nign', bo-nln', a. (L. benignus) 

kind ; generous ; gentle. 
Be-nlgn'ly, ad. kindly ; graciously. 
He-nlg'nant, a. kind ; gracious ; good. 
Be-nlg'ui-ty, n. kindness ; graciousness. 

Ben'i-fon, n. (Fr. benir) a blessing. 

Bent, p. t. and p. p. of bend. 

Bent, n. a kind of grass. 

Bc-niim', Be-numb', v. (S. benumcn) 

to make torpid ; to stupify. 

Beu'zoin, n. a medicinal resin. 

Be-paint', v. {be, paint) to cover with 


Do-pinf A', V. {be, pinch) to mark with 

Bc-pow'der, v. {be, powder) to sprin- 
kle or cover with powder. 

Be-prai^ie', v. {be, praise) to praise 
greatly or extravagantly. 

Be-qu5ath', v. (S. becwcethan) to leave 

by will to another. 
Be-quCst', n, something left by will ; a legacj'. 

Be-rate', v. {be, rate) to scold. 

Be-rat'tle,w.(ie,r««fe)to fill with noise. 

Bere, n. (S.) a species of barley. 

Bo-reave', v. (S. bereajian) to deprive 
of; to take away from : p. t. and p. p. be- 
reaved' or be-ri5ft'. 

Be-reave'ment, n. deprivation ; loss. 

Be-rhyme', be-rira', v. {be, rhyme) to 
mention in rhyme. 

Ber'Iin, n. a sort of coach, first made 
at Berlin. 

Ber'ry, n. (S. beria) any small fruit 
containing seeds or stones. 

Berth, n. {birth) a ship's station at an- 
chor ; a room in a ship ; a sleeping place. 

Ber'yl, n. (L. beryllus) a precious stone. 

Be-scrawl', v. {be, scrawl) to scribble 

Bs-screen', v. {be, screen) to shelter ; 
to conceal. 

Bc-scrib'blo,u. {be, scribble) to ^vritc on. 

Bo-seeyh', v. (S. be,secan) to entreat ; to 
beg ; to implore : p. t. and p. p. be-sought'. 
' " cn( 

De-st!e9h'er, n. one who beseeches. 

Bfl-sc5em', «, (be- seem) to bocomo 
be tit : to be decent for. 


Be-scom'ing, a ecoming.— ». comuliiMa^ 
Be-sOOm'ly, a. bj.oming; decent. 

Bo-sct', V. (S. be-, settan) to surround } 
toenclose; to perfics: p. fcandp.p. be-sCt'. 
Be-sCt'ting, p. a. habitually attending. 

Be-shrow', bc-sliru', v. (S. be, syrwan) 
to wish a curse upon. 

Be-sldo', Be-sTdcj', prep, {be, side) at 
the side of; over and above ; not accord- 
ing to. — ad. moreover ; ovar and above. 

Be-siego', v. {be, siege) to lay siego toj 

to hem in ; to beset. 
Be-sio^'er, w. one who besieges. 

Bc-smear', v. {be, smear) to bedaub ; 
to soil ; to overspread. 

Be-smiit', v. {be, smut) to soil with 
smoke or soot. 

Be'som, n. (S. besm) a broom. 

Be-sort', v. {be, sort) to suit ; to fit. 

Be-sot', t'. {be, sot) to stupify; to dull. 
Be-sOt'ted-ly, ad. in a besotted manner. 
Be-sOt'ted-ness, n. stupidity ; infatuation. 

Be-sought', bo- sat', p. t. and p. p. of 

Be-spSn'gle, v. {be, spangle) to adorn 
witn spangles. 

Bo-spat'tcr, V. {be, spatter) to spot 
over with dirt. 

Be-speak', v. {be, speak) to speak for 
beforehand : p. t. be-spoko'; p.'en. 
Be-spOak'er, n. one who bespeaks. 

Be-specTilc, v. -{be, speckle) to mark 
witii speckles or spots. 

Be-spl9o', V. {be, spice) to season with 

Be-spit', v.{l>e,spit) to daub with spittle. 

Bc-spot',u.(ie,spoOto mark with spots 

Be-spread', v. {be, spread) to spread 
over : p. t. and p, p. be-spr6ad'. 

Bc-sprent', p. a. (S. be, sprengauf 
sprinkled over. 

Be-sprin'kle, v. {be, sprinkle) to sprin- 
kle over. 

Be-spiirt', v. {be, spurt) to throw out 

Best, a. (S.) superlative of good; good 
in tl;e highest degree. — ad. superlative oi 
well ; in tlie highest degree of goodness. 

Be-stuin', v. {be, stain) to mark with 

Bo-stcad', V. {be, stead) to profit; to 
accommod.'vte ; to dispose. 

Bestial. See under Beast. 

Be-stick', r. {be, stick) to stick over : 
p. t. and p. p. be-stQck'. 

Bo-stir', V. {be, s'ir), to put into brisk 
or vigorous action. 

Be-stOw', V. {be, stow) to give ; to confer 

Pite, Hit, fdr^ fail; me, mSt, thSrc, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nOr, m^ve, sdnf 




B»-8tflWii!, n. act of bcStoVmR ; disposal 
Bo-stOw'er, n. ono who besKAvs. 
Bo-stOw'mcnt, n. tho act of bestowing. 

Be-strcw', be-stril' or be-stro', v. (S, 
be, slreoioian) to sprinlile over : p. p. be- 
strewed' or be-strewn'. 

Bo-strldo', V. (S. be, strcede) to place 
a leg on each side ; to stride over : p. t. be- 
strld'; p. p. be-strld' or be-strld'dcn. 

B©-stud>.(ig,s/wd)to adorn with studs. 

B2t, n. (S. bad) a wager. — v. to wager. 
p*t'tlng, n. tho act of wagering. 
B*t'tor, ». one who bets. 

Bo-take', V, (S. be, tcecan) to have re- 
course to: p. t. be-t661i'; p. p. be-tak'en. 

Be'tel, Be'tle, n. an Indian shrub. 

Bc-think',u. (S. be, Ihencan) to call to 
inind; to consider : p.t. andp.p. be-thought'. 
Bo-thiimp', w. (be, thump) to boat. 

Be-trde', v. (S. tidan) to happen : to 
beftill : p. t. be-tld'ed or be-tld'; p.p. be-tid'. 

Be-tlmo', Be-times', ad. (.by, time) 
soon; early; seasonably. 

Bo-to'kon, be-toTcn, v. (be, token) to 
signify; to foreshow. 

Be-t66k', p. t. of betake. 

Bo-torn', p. a. (be, torn) torn in pieces. 

Be-toss', V. (be, toss) to agitate. 

Be-tr?y', v. (L. trado ?) to give up or 

discU treacherously ; to discover, 
ne-trfly'er, «. one who betrays. 

Bo- trim', w. (be, trim) to deck; to adorn. 

Bc-troth', V. (he, troth) to contract in 

order to marria-je ; to affiance. 
Du-trOth'ment, n. the act of betrothing. 

I3c-triist', V. (be, trust) to commit to ; 
to confide. 

Bet'ter, v. (S- betrian) to improve ; to 

advance.— n. a superior.— a. the compara- 
tive oi good.— ad. tho comparative ottoell. 

Be-tum'bled, n. a. (be^ tumble) dis- 
ordered ; rolled about. 

Be-twcen', prep. (S. be, twegen) in the 
intermediate space; from ono to another; 
belonging to two. 

ne-twixt', prep, in the midst of two; from 
one to another. 

Bev'el, Bev'il, to. (Fr. buveav) a kind 
of square used by niasonf ana joiners ; in- 
clination from a rigui line.— 1>. to cut to a 
bevel angle. 

Bev'»r-a|e, to. (L. bibo) drink ; liquor. 

Be v'y, TO. (It. beva) a flock ; a company. ' 

Be-wfiil', V. (be, wail) to lament. 
Ile-wairor, n. one who bewails. 
Be-wail'ing, n. lamentation. 

u-trsiiv. V. \u, uc, zcariaii) lu re- 
gard with caution ; to take care. 

Be-weep', V. (be, weep) to weep OTer. 

Be-wil'der, v. (be, wild) to perplex i 
to entangle ; to confound. 

Be-witfh', V. (be, witch) to charm : (e 

fascinate ; to enchant. 
Be-wltfh'er, n. one who bewitches. 
Be-wltch'er-y, n. fascination ; charm. 
Be-wltfh'fai, a. alluring ; fascmating. 
Be-wltf h'uig, a, fascinating ; enchanting. 
Be-wltf h'ing-ly, ad. in an alluring nuumer. 
Be-wUfh'ment, n. power of charming. 

Be-wray', be-ra', v. (S. wrcgan %) tc 

betray ; to discover ; to shew. 
Be-wray'er, n. a betrayer ; a discoverer. 

Bey,TO.a governor of aTurkish province. 

Be-yond', prep. (S. be, geond) on tho 
farther side of ; farther ariward than ; be- 
fore ; above.— ad. at a distance; yonder. 

Bez'ant. Soo Byzant. 

Bez'el, TO. that part of a ring iu wliich 
the stone is fixed. 

Be'zoar, to. (P.) a medicinal stone. 
Bez-o-ar'dic, a. composed of bezoar. 
BCz-o-ar'ti-cal, a. having the quality of an 

Bl'as, TO. (Fr. biais) tho weight lodged 
on one side of a bowl ; inclination ; par- 
tiality. — V. to incline to some side. 

Bib, «. (L. bibo) to drink frequently ; 
to tipple.— 71. a piece of cloth put on tne 
breasts of children to cover their clothes. 

Bib'ber, n. a tippler. 

Bib'u-lous, a. absorbing; q^cnigy. 

BlTjle, TO. (Gr. biblos) The Book, by 
way of eminence ; the sacred Scj-iptures, 

Blb'li-cal, a. relating to the Bible. 

Blb-li-Og'ra-pher, n. one skilled in the know- 
ledge of books. 

Blb-Ii-o-gr.1ph', a. relathig to tho know- 
ledge of bsoks. 

Bib-li-Og'ra-phy, n. a description or know, 
led^e of books. 

Bib-li-o-ma'ni-a, n. a rage for possessing rare 
and curious books. 

Blb-li-o-ma'ni-ac, n. ono who has a rage foi 

Bib-li-Op'o-list, n. a bookseller. 

Blb'li-o-thOke, n. a library. 

Blb-li-o-the'cal, a. belonging to a library. 

Bib-li-oth'e-ca-ry, n. a librarian. 

Bl9e, n. a blue or green colour. 

Bi-jTp'i-tal, Bi-gTp'i-tous, a. (L. bi$, 
caput) havmg two headg. 

Bick'er, v. (W. bicre) to skirmiiah ; to 

fight ; to quiver. 
Blck'er-ing, n. a skirmish ; a quarreL 

Bick'ern, to. (beak, iron 1) an iron elid- 
ing in a point. 

Bi'como, Bi-cor'nous, a. (L. bis,cornu) 
having two horns. 

Bid, V. (S, biddan) to command ; to 
desire; to oiTor; to invite; p. L bid ot 
bMo ; p. p. bid or bid'den. 

labe.tOb.faU; crj, crypt, myrrh; tOll.bOy, OQr, n5w, now; ?edo, ^em, rai?e, ojist.thia 






Btd'dcr, «. one who bids. 

Hld'ding,n. command ; order ; offer of a price. 

Bido, V. (S. hidan) to dwell ; to re- 
main ; to continue ; to endure. 
Uld'ing, n. residence ; babitatioa. 

Bl-dent'al, a. (L. bis^ dens) liaviug 
two teeth. 

Bi-det', n. (Fr.) a little horse. 

B!-en'ni-al, a. (L. bis, annus) conti- 
nuingtwo years; happening every two years. 
Hl-fin'ni-al-ly, ad. every two years. 

liier *n. (S. beer) a carriage or frame 

for carrying'the dead. 

B;C8t'ings, n. (S. bt/st) the first milk 
of a cow after calving. 

Bl'fid, Bif'i-da-ted, a. (L. bis, Jindo) 
divided into two. 

Bi'fold, a. (L. bis, and fold) twofold. 

Bi'form, Bl'formed, a. (L. bis, forma) 

having two forms. 
Bl-form'i-ty, n. a double form. 

Hi-fr5nt'ed, a. (L. 6js, /rows) having 
two fronts. 

Bl-fur'ca-ted, a. (L. bis,furca) hq-ving 

two forks. 
Ul-fur-ca'tion, n. division into two branches. 

BTg, o. ( S. byqgan ?) great ; large ; huge ; 

pregnant ; draught ; distended ; inflated. 
Big^y, ad. haughtily ; with bluster, 
lilg'ncss, n. bulk ; size. 

BVa-mist, n. (L. bis, Gr. gameo) one 

who has two wives. 
Ktg'a-my, n. the crime of having two wives. 

'JTg'gin, n. (Fr. beguin) a child's cap. 

Bight, bit, n. (S. hug an) a bend ; a 
bay ; a coil of a rope. 

BTg'ot, n. (S. bigan) one unreason- 
ably devoted to a party, creed, or opinion ; 
a blind zealot. — a, blindly zealous. 

BTg'ot-ed, a. unreasonably zealous. 

BTg'ot-ry, n. blind zeal ; great prejudice. 

Bil'an-der, n. {.by, land) a small mer- 
chant vessel. 

Bfl'berry, n. a small shrub and its 
fruit; whortleberry. 

BTl'bo, n. (Bilbon) a apier ; a sword. 
Ull'bOej, n. pi. stocl^ fo: the feet. 

Bile, n. (L. bilis) a thick, yellow, bit- 
tor liquor, separated in the liver, and col- 
lected in the gall-bladder. 

IJll'ia-ry, a. belonging to the bile. 

Bll'ioua, a. affected by bilo. 

HiSgo, n. (S. beelg) the breadth of a 
shin's bottom ; the protuberant part of a 
cask. — r- to spring a leak ; to let in water. 

Bfringj-gate, n. (from a place of this 
name m London) ribaldry ; foul language. 

chout; to de- i 


fraud ; to elude. 

ziii iztiictTi ) 

Bill, n. (S. bile) the beak of a fowL- 
V. to caress ; to fondle. 

Bai, n. (S. bil) a hatchet with a 

hooked point ; a battle-axe. 
Biriet, n. a small log of wood. 
Blll'man, n. one who uses a bill. 

Bill, n. (Fr. billet) a written paper ; an 
account of money due ; a proposed law. 

Birict, n. a note ; a ticket airecting soldioit 
where to lodge.— r. to quarter soldiers. 

Bil'let-doux, bll'le-dQ, n. (Fr.) a lov^-lettor. 

Biiriards, n. pi. (Fr. billard) a game 
played with balls and maces on a tamie. 

Bill'ion, n. (Fr.) a million of millions. 

Billow, n. (S. bcBlg) a wave swoln 
and hollow. — v. to swell or roll like a wave. 
Bll'low-y, a. swelling ; turgid. 

Bin, n. (S.) a place for wine, &c. 

Bi'na-ry, a. (L. binus) two ; double. — 
n. the constitution of two. 

Bind, V. (S. bindan) to coiifine with 
bonds J to gird ; to fasten to ; to tie toge- 
ther ; to oblige by kindness ; to make cos- 
tive ; to covar books : p. U and j:;.p. )>60nd. 

Bind'er, n. one that binds. 

Bind'ing, n. a bandage ; the cover of a book. 

Bin'na-cle, n.the compass-box of a ship. 

Bl-noc'u-lar, a. (L. binus, oculus) hav- 
ing two eyes ; employing both eyes. 

Bl-no'mi-al, a. (L. bis, nomen) com- 
posed of two parts or members. 

Bl-og'ra-phy,7i. (Gr. bios, grapho) tho 

history or account of a life. 
Bl-Og'ra-pher, m a writer of lives. 
Bl-o-graph'i-cal, a. relating to biography. 

Bip'ar-tlte, a. (L. bis, partitttm) hav- 
ing two correspondent parts. 

Bl'ped, n. (L. bis, pes) an animal with 
two feet. 

Bl-pen'nate, Bl-pen'na-ted, a. (L. J«, 
pmna) having two wings. 

Bl-qua'drate, n. (L. bis, quadratum) 

the fourth poiver in numbers. 
Bl-qua-driit'ic,rt.relating to the fourth power. 

Birgh, n. (S. birce) a tree. 
Biryu'en, a. made of birch. 

Bird, n. (S.) a general name for the 
feathered kind ; a fowl.— w. to catch birds. 
Bird'bolt, n. an arrow for shooting birds. 
Bird'caje, n. an inclosure to keep birds in. 
Bird'catfh-cr, n. one who takes birds. 
Bird'llme, n. a glue to catch birds. • 
Bird'man, n. one who catches birdj. 
Bird's'eye, a. seen from above. 

Birth, 71. (S. beorth) the act of coming 

into life ; extraction ; rank by descent. 
Birth'd,ay, n. the day of one's birth. 
Birth'nlght, n. the night of one's birth. 
Birth'plai^es n. the place of one's birth. 
Birtli'right, n. the rights to which one is bom, 

iji-a j;aii, via ii.U, n 

kind of hard dry bread. 

(jis, cacium) a 

PAtc, f3t, far, fall; me, mC't, tbCrc, her; pine, pTn, fleld, f!r; note, n6t, nor, mOve, sdn/ 




Bl-8«<ct', V. (L. bis, secttim) to divide 

into two equal parts. 
Hl-sec'tion, n. division into two equal parts. 

Bish'op, n. (Gr. epi, skopeo) one of the 
higher order of clergy, who has the charge 
of a diocese.— v. to confirm. 

Blsh'op-ric, n. the dioceso of a bishop. 

Bis'muth, n. (Ger. wiszmuth) a metal 
of a reddish white colour. 

Bl'son, n. (Gr.) a kind of wild ox. 

Bis-sex'tile, n. (L. bis, sex) leap year. 

Bis'tour-y, n. (Fr. bistouri) a surgeon's 
instrument for making incisions. 

Bis'tre, n. (Fr.) a colour made of soot. 

Bi-siircous, a. (L. bis, sulcus) cloven- 

Bit^h, n. (S. bicce) the female of the 
dog l£md ; a name of reproach for a woman. 

Bite, V. (S. bitan) to crush -with the 
teeth ; to give paia ty cold ; to wound ; 
to cheat : p. t bit ; p. p. blt'ten or bit. 

Bite, n. seizure by the teeth; the wound 
made by the teeth ; a cheat ; a sharper. 

Bit, n. a small piece ; a morse! ; the part of 
a l)ridle put into a horse's mouth. — v. to 
put the bit in the mouth. 

Bit'er, n. one who bites. 

BU'lng, n. the act of biting.— a. sharp ; se- 
vere; sarcastic. 

Blt'ing-ly, ad. jeeringly ; Barcaatically. 

Bit'ta-cle. Sec Binnacle. 

Btt'ter, a. (S. biter) biting to the taste; 

sharp ; painful.— j». any tiling bitter. 
Bit'ter-ly, ad. in a bitter manner ; sharply. 
Blt'ter-ness, n. a bitter taste; sharpness; 

severity; malice; hatred; sorrow. 
Blt'ter-sweet, n. an apple sweet and bitter. 

Bit'tcm, n. (Fr. butor) a bird. 

Bi-tu'men, n. (L.) a kind of pitch. 
Bi-tQ'mi-nate,t>. to impregnate with bitumen. 
Bi-tu'mi-nous, a. containing bitumen. 

Bi'viilve, a. (L. bis, valvce) having two 

valves. — n. that which has two vaives. 
Bl-vai'vu-Iar, a. having two valves. 

Bi'vi-ous, a. (L. bis, via) having two 
ways ; leading different ways. 

BTv'ouac, n. (Fr.) the guard or watch 
of a whole army during the night.— v. tc 
be on watch all night. 

Blab, V. (T. blabberen) to tattle ; to 

tell tales. — n. a telltale. 
BiabTjer, n. a telltale ; a tattler. 

Black,o. (S. blac) of the colour of night ; 
dark; cloudy; dismal; wicked.— n. a black 
colour ; a negro.— r. to make black. 

Bl.lck'en, v. to make black; to defame. 

Blfn.'k'ish, a. somewhat black. 

P.iiok'ly, arf. darldy ; atrociously. 

Bliick'ness, n. the quality of being black. 

BlSck'ing, n. paste or liquor to bUacken shooa. 

t.Iiick'a-modr, BlSck'moor. n. a negro. 

liliieit'biill, V. to reject hi choosing. 

Dl:kk'bOr-ry, n. the fruit of the bramble. 

ni.1ck'l)Ird, n. a singing bird. 
Biack'cat-tle, n. oxen, biWla, and co«ik 
Biack'cOck, n. the heath-cock. 
Black'oyed, a. having black eyes, 
niack'fafcd, a. having a black face. 
Black'guard, n. a mean, wicked fellow. 
Biack'jack, n. a leathern cup. 
Black'lSad, n. a mineral used for penciU. 
Black'mfiil, n. a rate paid for protection U 

men allied with robbers. 
Black'raiiQthed, a. usmg foul language. 
Black-pfld'ding, n. a kmd of food made ol 

blood and meal. 
Biack'rfid, n. the usher belon^ng to tlu 

order of the Garter. 
Black'smlth, n. a smith that works in iron. 
Black'thorn, n. the sloe tree. 

Blad'der, n. (S. blcedr) tho vessel that 

contains the urine ; a blister ; a pustule. 
Blad'dored, a. swoln like a bladder. 

Blade, n. (S. blaed) the spire of grass 
before it grows to seed ; a leaf; the cutting 
part of an instrumect ; a brisk man. 

Blad'ed, a. having blades. 

Blain,». iS.blegen) apustule; a blotch. 

Blame, v. (Fr. bldmer) to charge with 
a fault ; to censure.— n. imputation of a 
fault; crime. 

Blam'a-ble, a. faulty ; culpable. 

Blam'a-ble-ness, n. state of being blamable. 

Blam'a-bly, ad. culpably. 

Blame'fai, a. deserving blame ; gm'ltj'. 

Blame'less, a. without blame ; guiltless. 

Blame'less-ly, ad. innocently. 

Blame'less-ness, n. innocence. 

Blam'er, n. one who blames. 

Blame'wor-thy, o. deserving blame. 

Blume'wor-tlii-ncss, «. the quality of deserv- 
ing blame. 

Blanch, v. (Fr. blanc) to whiten ; to 
strip or peel ; to evade ; to shift. 

Bland, a.(L.blandus)so{t ; mild ; gentle. 
Blftn'dish,v. to smooth; to soften; to caress, 
BlSn'dish-ing, n. expression of kindness. 
Blan'dish-ment, n. kind speech ; caresses. 
Blan-dll'o-quenyc, n. flattering speech. 

Blank, a. (Fr. blanc) white ; without 
writing; empty; confused; without rhyme. 
— n. a void space ; paper unwritten ; a lot 
without value.— w. to make void ; to damp. 

Blank'et, n. (Fr. blanchet) a woollen 
cover for a bed.— v. to cover with a blank- 
et ; to toss in a blanket. 

Blank'et-ing, n. tossing in a blanket. 

Blas-pheme', v. (Gr. blasphemeo) to 
apeak impiously of God ; to speak evil of. 

Blas-phcm'er, n. one who blasphemes. 

Blas-phem'ing, n. the act of blasphemy. 

Blas'phe-mous, a. containing blasphemy, 

Blas'phe-mous-ly, arf. impiouslv. 

Blas'phe-my, n. indignity olTered to God by 
words or writing. 

Blast, n. (S. blcest) a gust or puff of 
wind ; the sound made by blowing a wind 
instrument; blight.— v. to strilto with • 
siiddt>n T>lnfjnp ? t-o make to wither: ixi 
■blight ; to injure ; to confound ; to blow up. 

Blast'er, n. one that blasts. 

tube, tab, full; cr?, crjpt, myrrh ; m\, bOjf , OQr, nOw, new; ^edc, gem, raije, ejist, tSkln 





i ■ 


Blftrtlng, n, dcBtruction ; expkslon. 

Bla'tant, a. (S. hlcBlan) bellowing as a 

Blat'tcr, V. (L. blalero) to mako a 
senseless noise. 

Blil7.e, n. (S. blase) a fiamo ; a stream 
of light ; wide diffusion of a report ; a mark 
like a blaze— V. to flame ; to publish. 

Bliz'er, n. one who spreads reports. 

BU'zon, V. to explain the flares on ensif^s 
armorial ; to deck ; to display ; to cele- 
brt^e ; to mako public. — n. tnc art of draw- 
ing coats of arms ; show ; publication. 

i)lci'zon-cr, n. ono who blazons. 

Bla'zon-ry, n. the ari of blazoning. 

Bleach, v. (S. bUeean) to whiten. 
Bleayli'er, n. one who whitens. 
BlCa; h'er-y, n. a place for bleaching. 

Bleak, a. (S. blac) palo ; cold ; chill ; 

cheerless; dreary; desolate. 
RlCak'ly, ad. coldly ; in a chill Bituaiion. 
UlCak'ncss.n. dreariness; coldness; chilness. 
BlOak'y, a. cold ; chill ; dreary. 

Blear, a. (D. blaer) dim with rheum or 

water. — v. to make watery or dim. 
BlGar'ed-ness, n. the state of being blear. 
Bloar'oyed, a. having sore eyes. 

Bleat, V. (S. bleetan) to cry as a sheep. 

— n. the cry of lambs or sheep. 
BlGat'ing, n. the cry of lambs or shoep. 

Bleb. Sec Blob. 

Bleed, V. (S. bledan) to lose or draw 
blood; to drop as blood: p. t. and p. p. bled. 
Dluud'iug, n. a running or letting of blood. 

Blom'ish, V, (Fr. blemir) to mark with 
any deformity ; to tarnish ; to defame ; to 
disfigure.— n. a mark of deformity ; taint. 

Blt-m'ish-less, a. without blemish ; spotless. 

Blenfft, V. (Fr. blano 1) to shrink ; to 
start back ; to give way. 


Bless, V. (S. bletsian) to mako happy ; 
to wish happiness to; to invoke a blessing 
upon ; to praise : p. t and p. p. blessed 
or bl6st. 

OlCss'ed, p. a. happy; holy. 

BlCss'ed-ly, ad. happily. 

Bldss'ed-ness, n. happiness ; divine favour. 

BlCss'er, n. one who blesses. 

BlSss'ing, n. a prayer for happiness; bene- 
diction ; a benefit ; divine favour 

Blew, p. t. of blow. 

Blight, bllt, a. (S. be, Ulitan'i) mil- 
dew. — V. to corrupt with mildew ; to blast. 

Blind, a. (S.) wanting sight ; dark ; 
unseen. — v. to make blind ; to darken. 

Bllnd'ly, ad. without sight ; implicitly. 

Bllnd'ncsa, n. w.ant of sight ; ignorance. 

Bllnd'fOld, V. to hinder from seeing.— <x. hav- 
ing the eyes covered. 

Bllnd-man'^s-bQflF', n. a play in which one 

_ blindfold tries to catch the others. 

lilind'side, n. weakness; foibie. 

Bllnd'w6rm, n. a small serpent. 

Blmk, V. (S. blicnnX) to wink ; to 8M 

obscurely.— n. a glimpse ; a glance. 
BlTnk'ard, n. ono who blinks. 

Bliss, n. (S.6/is) the highest happiness 
BlIssYftl, a. happy in the liighest degree. 
Bllss'fiil-ly, ad. m a blissful manner. 
BlTss'fQl-ness, n. exalted happiness. 
Bllss'less, a. without happiness. 

Blis'ter, n. (D. bluyster) a thin bladder 
on tho skin ; a plaster to raise blisters.-* 
V. to rise in blisters ; to raise a blister. 

Blithe, a: (S.) gay ; airy ; joyous. 
Bllthc'ly, ad. in a blithe manner. 
Bllthc'ness, n. the quality of being blithe. 
Bllthe'some, a. gay ; cheerful ; merry. 

Bloat, V. {blow 1) to swell ; to puff up. 
BlOat'ed, a. puffed up ; turgid. 
BlOat'ed-ness, n. tho state of being bloated. 

Blob or Bleb, n. (Ir. plub) a blister ; 

a bubble ; a vesicle ; a little tumor. 
BlOb'ber-lIp, n. a thick lip. 
Blob'ber-llpped, a. liaving thick lips. 

Block, n. (D. blok) a heavy piece of 

timber; a mass of matter ; an obstruction; 

a pulley ; a stupid fellow.— v. to shut up ; 

to obstruct. 
BlOck-ado', n. a siege carried on by shutting 

up a place to prevent relief.— r. to shut up. 
BlOck'ish, a. stupid ; dull. 
Bldck'ish-Iy, ad. in a stupid manner. 
B16ck'ish-ness, n. stupidity ; dulness. 
Bl6ck'h6ad, n. a stupid fellow. 
BlOck'hCad-ed, a. stupid ; dull. 
BlOck'head-ly, a. like a blockhead. 

Blood, n. (S. blod) tho red fluid that 
circulates In the bodies of animals ; family; 
kindred; descent; high birth; murder; 

, a hot spark ; the juice of any thing.— v. to 
stain with blood ; to inure to blood. 

Blood'y, a. stained with blood ; cruel. 

B166d'i-ly, ad. cruelly. 

B166d'i-ne3s, n. the being bloody. 

Blood'less, a. without blood. 

B166d'bOl-tercd, a. clotted with blood. 

IJUWd-guIlt'i-ness, n. murder. 

Blood'liflt, a. as hot as the blood. 

BI66d'h6and, n. a fierce species of hound. 

HMjbA'i&t, V. to bleed ; to opan a vein. 

B166d'l6t-ter, n. ono who lets blood. 

BI66d'rCd, a. red as blood. 

Blood'shed, n. murder ; slaughter. 

B166d'shed-der, n. a murderer. 

B166d'sh6t, a. filled with blood ; red. 

Blodd'staincd, a. stained with blood. 

B165d'stOne, n. the name of a stone. 

B166d'sQcker, n. a leech ; a cruel man. 

BIAod'swOln, a. suffused with blood. 

Bl(Wd'thirst-y, a. desirous to shed blood. 

B166d'vCs-sel, n. a vein or artery. 

Bl66d'y-flQx, n. dysentery. 

Blood'y-mind'cd, a. cruel. 

Bloom, n. (G. blnma) blossom ; the 
opening of flowers; the prime of life ; Un 
flush on the cheek.— v. to yield blossoiusj 
to flower ; to be in a state of youth. 

BlflCm'ing, a. flourishing with bloom. 

Ili&dm'y, a. full of blooms. 

Blos'som, n, (S. Mosma) tho Sower tf > 
plant.— r. to put forth blossoms. 

F£to, fSt, fdr, fall; mc>, mSt, there, her; pitic, pin, field, fir; nCte^ n&t, nOr, mO «-•( s^at 




Bluff, a. big ; surly ; obtuse : steep. 
BlOfTness, n. the quality of bting bluff. 

Blun'der, v. (D. blunderen) to mistake 

grossly.— n. a gross mistake. 
BlOn'der-er, n. one who blunders. 
BlQn'der-lng-ly, ad. in a blundering manner. 
BlOn'der-bass, n. a gun with a large bore. 
Blfln'der-head, n. a stupid fellow. 

Blunt, a. (T. plomp t) dull on the edge 
or point ; rough ; rude ; abrupt.— v. to dull 
the edge or point; to depress. 

BlOnt'ing, n. restraint ; discouragement. 

Blfint'Iy, ad. in a blunt manney. 

BlOnt'ness, n. want of tdgo ; abruptness. 

Blant'wlt-ted, a. dull; gtupid. 

Blur, n. a blot ; a stain v. to blot. 

Blurt, V. to utter inadvertently. 

Ulush, V. (D. biosen) to redden with 
sliame or confuilon. — n. red colour raised 
by shame ; a red colour ; sudden appearance. 

Blash'ffll, a. full oi blushes. 

niash'ing, n. the reddening of the face. 

niOsh'less, a. without a blush ; impudent. 

ulUsh'y, a. liavingtho colour of a blush. 

Bliis'ter, v. (S. blast 1) to roar as a 
stonn; to Bally.— n.noise ; tumult ; swagger, 

BlfiB'iBr-tog, n. noise ; tumult. ' "'' 

BIAf'tom-y, a. full of blossoms. . 

B18t, V. (G. blautjan) to obUtorate ; to 
efface ; to spot with ink ; to stain.-n. an 
obliteration ; a spot or stain ; a reproacli. 

Blotch, n. a spot upon the skin ; a pustule.— 
V. to mark with blotches; to blacken. 

BlOt'ter, H. one that blots. 

Bldt'tiug, n. the making of blots. 

Blow, n. (D, blowe) a stroke ; a sud- 
den calamity ; the egg of a fly. 

Blflw, V. (S. blawan) to make a current 
of air ; to pant ; to breathe ; to drive by 
the wind ; to inflame with wind ; to swell ; 
to sound wind music : p. t. blew ; p.p. blown. 

BlOw'er, n. one who blows. 

BlOw'ing, n. the motion of the wind. 

Blow'pipe, n. a tube for blowing. 

Blow, V. (S. blowan) to flower: to 

bloom.— n. bloom ; blossom. 
BlOwth, n. bloom ; blossom. 

Blow^ze, n. (D. biosen) a ruddy fat- 
faced wench. 
BlOw'zy, a. fat and ruddy ; high-coloured. 

BlubTier, n. (Ir. phib) a bubble ; the 
fat of a whale ; a sea-nettle.— w. to weep so 
as to swell the cheeks. 

Blud'^eon, n. (G. bhjggwan) a short 
stick, loaded or heavy at oao end. 

Blue, n. (S. bleo) one of the seven pri- 
mary colours.— a. of a blue colour. 
Bluc'ly, ad. with a blue colour. 
Blue'ness, n. the quality of being blue. 
BlQ'ish, a. blue in a small degree. 
Bla'ish-ness, n. small degree of blue colour. 
BlQs'bOt-tle, n. a flower ; a luga fly. 
Blue'cycd, a. having blue eyet. 
Blue'v£ined, a. having blue stieaks or veins. 

BlOs'tcr-ous, a. noipy ; tumultuous. 
BO, int. a word used to terrify childrwi 
Boar, n. (S. bar) the male swine. 
BOar ish, a. swinish ; brutal ; cruel. 
BOar'spCar, n. a spear used in hunting bean, 

Board, n. (S. bord) a flat piece of wooct: 
a table ; the deck of a ship ; food ; enter- 

ta-inment ; a council ; a court », to Lit 

with boards ; to enter a ship by forco t to 
live at a certain rate for food and lodsine. 

Board'er, n. one who boards. 

BOard'ing-schOOI, n. a school where tha 
scholars live with the teacher. 

BOard'wa-Kes, n. wages allowed to servants 
to keep tnemselves in victuals. 

Boast, V. (W. bostiaw) to brag ; to 
talk ostentatiously ; to exalt one's self.— 
n. vaunting speech ; cause of boasttag. 

BOast'er, n. one who boasts. 

Boast'ffll, a. ostentatious ; vain. 

BOast'ing, n. bragging speech. 

BOast'ing-ly, ad, ostentatiously. 

BOast ive, a. presumptuous ; assuming. 

BOast'less, a. without ostentation. 

Boat, n. (S. 6aO a small open vessel: 

a ship of inferior 8i«e. 
BOat'man, n. one who manages a boat. 
Boat'swain, bO'sn, n. an ofBcer in a ship, 

who has charge of the boats and rigging. 
Bob,w. to play backward and forward 5 

to cheat; to strike; to cut short.— n. som«- 

tjiing that plays loosely; a blow; ashortwijj. 
2$Kr*l?"y' "• » P'ay among children. 
BOb'tail, n. a short tail ; the rabble. 
BOb'tailed, a. having a short talL ' 

BOb'wIg, n. a short wig. 

BSb'bin, n. (Fr. bobine) a small pin to 
wmd thread upon ; round tape. 

Bode, V. (S. bodian) to portend ; to 

foreshew ; to be an omen. 
Bode'ment, n. a portent ; an omen. 
Bod ing, n. an omen ; a prognostic. 

Bod'kin.n.ibodikin ?) an instrument to 
bore holes, or dress the hair ; a dagger. 

Bod'y, n. (S. bodig) the material part 
of an animal ; a person ; the main part ; a 
collective mass ;acorporation;a8ubstance; 
a system.— V. to produce in some form. 

Jiod'ied, a. having a body. 

BOd'i-less, a. without a body. 

BOd'i-ly, a. relating to the body ; corporeal : 
real ; actual.— od. corporeally. 

BOd'lf e, n. short stays for women. 

Bfld'y-clOthef , n. clothing for the body. 

BOd'y-guard, n. a guard to protect the person 

Bog, n. (Ir.) a marsh ; a morass.— 

V. to whelm as in mud or miro. 
BOg'gy, a. marshy ; swampy. 
BOg'l.Ind, a. living in a boggy country. 
BOg trOt-ter, n. one who lives in a booKj 

country; a freebooter; a robber. 

Bo'gle, Bog'gle, n. (W. bwg) a bugbear. 

a spectre; a goblin. 
BOg^gje, V. to start ; to hesitate. 
ij&y'gk-f, n. see who boggies. 
BOg'glish, a. doubtful ; wavering. 


i.«.b ton ; cry, crypt. m:frrh; toil, bOy.fiflr.nOw, new; sede, gem, taJje, e|Ist, tlil» 





D9-hSa', n. a epecics of tea. 

BSfl, V. (L. bulla) to bo agitated by 
heat ; to bubble ; to heat to a. builiug state ; 
to cook by boiling. 

Bftll'er, n. one who boils ; a vessel for boiling. 

BOTTing, n. the act of bubbling; ; ebullition. 

Boil or Bile, n. <S. lyl) a sore angry 

IJilis'ter-ous, a. (D. hyster) stormy ; 

violent; noisy; turbulent. 
BOTs'ter-ous-ly, ad. violentl v -, iumultuously. 
Bdls'ter-ous-ness, n. turbulence ; violence. 

I'ijld, a. (S. bald) daring ; bravo ; con- 
fident; impudent; striking to the Bijflit. 

Rilld'en, v. to make bold. 

Hold'ly, ad. in a bold manner. 

IlOld'ness, n. courage; intrepidity; confi- 
dence; freedom; impudence. 

BoM'fafed, a. impudent. 

Bole, n. a kind of earth. 
Bo'la-ry, a. pertaining to bole or clay. 

Boll, n. (S. bolla) a round pod or cap- 
sule. — V. to form into a round pod. 

Bol'stor, n. (S. bolstar) a long pillow ; 

a pad.— ». to support ; to 1. old up. 
Bol'stored, a. swelled out. 
Bol'ster-er, n. a supporter. 
Bol'ster-ing, n. support ; a p;'op. ' 

Bolt, n.'(S.) an arrow ; the bar of 
a door; a fetter. — v. to fasten with a bolt; 
to fetter ; to spring out suddenly. 

Bolt, V. (Fr. bluter) to sift; to separate. 

Bolt'er, n. a sieve. 

Bolt'head, n. a long glass vessel. 

Bolt'sprit. See Bowsprit. 

Bolus, n. (L.) a quantity of medicine 
to be swallowed at onco ; a largo pill. 

Bomb, biim, n. (Gr. bomhos) a loud 
noise ; a hollow iron shell, filled with gun- 
powder, to be thrown from a mortar. 

Bom-bfird', v. to attack with bombs. 

B(5ra-bar-dier', n. one who shoots bombs. 

Bom-bard'ment, n. an attack with bootbs. 

Bomb'ketch, Bomb'vSs-sel, n. a ship for tir- 
ing bombs. 

Bom-ba-5iin', n. (L. bombyx) a slight 
stuff made of silk and worsted. 

B8m-bast'j n. stuff of a soft loose tex- 
ture; fustian; inffatod language.— a. high- 
sounding ; inflated. — v, to Inflate. 

Bom-bSs'tic, a. high-sounding ; inflated. 

Bom-bi-la'tion, n. (Gr. &om&os) sound; 
noise; report. 

Bom-by9'i-nous, a. (L. bomhyx) made 
of silk ; of the colour of the silk-worm. 

B3nd, »i. (S.) any thing that binds ; a 
cord ; a chaM; a writing of obligation : 
pi. imprisonment ; captivity.— a. captive. 

DOnd'af e,n.captivity; slavery; impriecnment. 

Bflnd'mald, n. fi female slave. 

l{6nd'man, n. a man slave. 

Bftnd'si^r-vantj n. a slave. 

Bflnd's^r-vieo . n. slaverv. 

I Bflnd'slAvo, n. one in slavery. 
JJOnd^'man, n. a slave ; a surety. 
BOndfwOra-an, BOnd'wOra-an, n. a foaioH 

BOne, 71. (S. bati) the firm hard mh- 

stance in an animal body. 
Boned, a. having bones. 
Bono'less, a. without bones. 
BO'ny, a. consisting of bones ; full of bonea, 
HOne'ache, n. pain in the bones. 
B(ine'set, V. to set broken bones. 
Bone'sCt-ter, n. one who sets broken bonei. 

Bon'ftro, n. (S. b(Bl,fyr\) a fire made 
to express public joy. 

Bon'not,n.(Fr.)a covering for the head. 

Bon'ny, a. (L. bonus) beautiful ; gay. 
BOn'ni-ly, ad. handsomely ; gayly. 

Bp'nus, n. (L.) a premium in addition 
to a privilege, or to interest for a loan. 

Bon'zo, n. a Japanese priest. 

Boo'by, n. (Ger. bube) a dunce ; a bird. 

Book, n. (S. hoc) a volume in which we 
read or write ; a literary work ; a division 
of a work.— w. to register in a book. 

BSaii'ffll, a. full of notions from books. 

B6flk'ish, a. given to books or study. 

S^Vwi^''''^' ""'• '" " ^*y devoted to books. 
«60k'i9h-nes3, n. fondness for books. 
BoOk'less, a. without boolcs ; unlearned. 
Book'blnd-er, n. one who binds books. 
BflOk case, n. a case for holding books. 
Sa A. /. '-'P"^'"' **• °- J<G"Por of accounts. 
ii9,wK'-"'-"P'"''^'''-*''''"''t of keepingaccounts. 
B6dk'learn-ed, a. versed in books. 
Book'learn-ing, n. learning acquired from 

Ba6k'mak-ing, n. the art of making books. 
JJoOk man, n. a sckolar by profession. 
B06k'm;"ite, n. a schoolfellow. 

S?Aw"x.'?' "• ^^ ^'^"^ '"aJe on the Bible. 
Jjook'sCl-ler, n. one who sells books. 
B66k'worm, n. a worm that eats holes in 
books; a student closely given to books. 

B66m,n. (B.) a longpole used to spread 
out the clue of the studding sail ; a pole set 
up as a mark ; a bar laid across a liarbour 
— f. to rush with violence ; to swell. 

Boon, n. (S. bene) a gift ; a favour. 

Beon, a. (L . bonus) gay ; merry ; kind 

?aa5? u"' ^^- **^'') ^ ^'"stic ; a clowii. 
Badrish, a. rustic; t. ,nish. 

SA5'^!^''■'y• <^- "* ^ boorish manner. 
BOar ish-ness, n. rusticity; clownbhness. 

Boot, V. (S. bot) to profit ; to advan- 
■r,H?«~"* profit^ gain; advantage. 
Bd6t ess, a, useless; unprofitable. 
Boot Icss-ly, ad. to no purpose 
BOat'y, n. spoil ; plunder. 

Boot, n. (Fr. botte) a'covering for the 
foot and leg ; part of a coach.— », to itut 
on boots. ' 

Bodt'ed, a. having boots on. 

Bact'hoje, n. stockings to serve for boots. 

Booth, «. (W. bwth) a shed of boarda 
or br.inches* 

Fate, fat, fir, fall ; mo, m6t, thfire, Ux ; pine, pin, tteld, fir ; note, nSt, nOr, mdyri «6nl 





• n. a feaioH 
1 hard sul>- 

rull of baata, 



oken bonef. 
El firo made 

or the head. 

tiful ; gay. 

in addition 
)r a loan. 


ice; a bird. 

1 which we 
c ; a division 

id to books, 


juired from 

king books, 

the Bible, 

ats holes in 
to books. 

I to spread 
1; a pole set 
9 a harbour 


rry ; kiud 

; a cloTvai. 


to advan- 


ag for the 

— ». to ]tUt 

for boots, 
of boa^fl 

fcO-pGCp', n. a play among children. 

Bar'ael, n. (Fr.) a brothel. 

J^t^T'der, n. (S. bord) the outer part or 
edge ; the exterior limit ; a bank round a 
garden.— V. to touch at the side or edge ; to 
approach near to ; to adorn with a border. 

Bor'der-er, n. one who dwells near a border. 


re, V. (S. borian) to make a hole ; to 
perforate.-n. a hole ; the size of any hole. 
Bor'er, n. one wh» bores. 

Bore, n. (bear ?) a tide swelling above 
another tide; a sudden influx of the tide. 
Bore, p. t. of bear. 

Bo're-as, n. (L.) the north wind. 
Bo're-al, a. northern. 

BOm, p. p. of hear ; brought forth. 
±Jorne, p. p. of bear ; carried. 

Bor'ough, bur'o, n. (S. burh^ a cor- 
porate town. 

Bor'row, v. (S. borgian) to take the 

US8 of for a time ; to ask a lour . 
Ijor'row-er, n. one who borrows. 
BOr'row-mg, n. the act of taking in loan. 

Bos'ca^e.n. (Fr. bocoffe) wood ; wood- 
lands ; the representation of woods. 
BOs'ky, a. woody. 

Bo'jom, n. (S, bosum) the breast : the 
heart.— O; confidential ; intiniate.-V. to 
inclose m the bosom ; to conceal. 

B8ss, n. (Fr. basse) a stud ; a knob. 
Bossed, a. ornamented with bosses, 
■uossy, a. having bosses; studded. 

Bot'a-ny, n. (Gr. botane) the science 
which treats of plants. 

n^1 «"/■''' l*?-''''n'i-cal. «• relating to plants. 
«o-tan i-cal-ly, ad. according to bota'iy. 
BOt'a-nist, n. one skilled in plants. 
BOt'a-nlze, v. to study plants. 

Bot9h, n.(It. bozza) an ulcerous swell- 
ing; a work ill finished.— r. to mark with 
botches; to mend awkwardly. 

BOtfh'er, n. a mender of old clothes. 

J^$j9h er-ly, a. clumsy; patched. 

Dx:fv,®''"^'"-^'^'"'°*y"°^'t>on ; patchwork. 
uotf h'y, a. marked with botches. 

Both, a, (S. ba, tioa) tho two ; the one 
and the other.— <;o». as well. 

Both'er, V. to perplex ; to tease, 

Bot'ry-oid, a. (Gr. botrusy eidos) hav- 
ing the form of a bunch of grapes. 

Bots. n. pi. small worms in the en- 
trails of horses. 

Bot'tle, n. (Fr. bouieille) a vessel with 
a narrow mouth, to put liquor in ; the con- 
tents of a bottle ; a quantity of h.iy or 

nx!r^^\''""^'^'^ up.— V. to put into bottles. 

HOt t ed, a, put into bottles; protuberant. 

BOv t mg, n, the act of putting into bottles. 

MOt t o-nofed, a. having a large thick nose. 

Bot tie-screw, w. a screw to pull out a cork, 

Uot'tom, TO. (S. bolm) the lowest part; I 

the gr>ind under water ; tho foundaUor i 
a dale ; a ship ; an adventure.- v. to foucJ 
or build upon ; to rest upon for support. 

B6t'tomcd, a. having a bottom. 

BOt tom-less, a. without a bottom. 

BOt tom-ry, n. the act of borrowing money 


liflQght, n, a twist ; a bend; the part of a 
shng which holds the stone. ^ 

Bought, bat, p. t. and p. p. of buy. 

Bounfo, V. (D. bonzen) to lean : to 
sprmg; to thump; to boast; to lief-iii. ■ 
heavy Wow ; a sadden noise ; a boast/ 

BflQn'cer, n. a boaster; a bully; a liar. 

BOan'ymg-ly, ad. boaatingly ; with threat 

Bound, p. t. and p. p. of bind. 

Bound, n. (S. bunde) a limit : that 

n7«^'^? restrams.-!;. to limit; to restrain. 

BOOnd'a-ry, n. a limit. «'««!. 

ixB"^^^"'*'-°'^''Kod; appointed. 
S^H"5 f' "• °"« that limits, 
«««I!l^^*' "• '^"hout bound ; unlimited. 
BOOnd'less-ness, n. the being unlimited! 

BSund, V. (Fr. bondir) to spring ; to 

jump ; to fly back.-n. a spring ; a ifa'p. 
Boand'mg-stone, n. a stone to p¥y with^ 

Boun'ty, n. (L. bonus) generosity: 
hberahty; munificence; a premium. ^ * 
Boon'te-ous, a. hberal ; kind. 
mSn Jf:^"'''^' *^- "berally ; generously. 
Brtfln'tf ^,f '^Tk' "• "'"''•airty ; munificence. 
«aS ,!?,?•."• ^'5^™' ' generous. 
nA?"'f-'Ji','"'^' '*^- "berally; generously. 
BOQn'ti-fai-ness, n. generosity. ^ 

Bou'quet, bu'ka, ». (Fr.) a nosegay. 

Boiir'^eon, v. (Fr.) to sprout ; to bud 

Boum, n. (S. bume) a bound ; a limit. 

Boiise, «. (D . buy sen) to drink sottishly. 

Boa'jy, a. drunken; intoxicated. 

Bout, n. (It. botta) a turn ; a trial. 

Bo'vlne, a. (L. bos) pertaining to oxen. 

Boj^, V. (S. bu<jan) to bend ; to in- 
cline towards; to depress; to make a re- 
verence.— n. an act of reverence or respect 

BOw'er, n. one who bows. *^ 

Bow, n. (S. boga) an instrument for 
shooting arrows ; any thing bent in the form 
Of a curve ; an instrument with whic 
stringed instruments are played. 

BOw'yer, n. a maker of bows ; an archer. 

Bow'bCnt, a. crooked like a bow. 

Bow^hand, n. the hand that draws tho bow. 

Bow'ieg, n. a crooked leg. 

Bow'lcgged, a. having crooked legs. 

iiow archer ; one who shoots a bow 

liOw'shOt, n. the distance aa arrowmay reach 

Bow'strlng, n. the string of a bow. ^^' 

BOw'sprit, n. a large boom or spar projert 
Ing from tho head of a ship. *""Je«»- 

BOw'wIn-dOw, n. a projecting window. 

Bow'els, n. pi. (p>. boyau) the inten 
tines; the enf rails ; pity; tenderness. 

BOw'el-less, a. without tenderness or pity. 

tob8.t0b,fan; cry, crypt, mj^rrh; tan.boy.OOr now, new; ?cdc, ^em, raije. o|ist, tbte 


B<J*'or, n. (S. bur) a retired cham- 

bar { a shndy recess. 
Ba*'er-y, a. Imvlng bower* ? shady. 

Bawl, n. (S. io//a) a \ last) to hold 
liquid ; tho hollow part (»f any 

Bo*l, n. (Fr, boule) i lall for playing, 

— w. tc roll as a bowl ; to play at bowls. 
Ba*l'er, n. ono who plays at bowls, 
l»a>!H'lng, n. tho act of pL'.yinff 1 1 b 
ua*l'itiff-grOCii, n. a leva! pieco of ground 


navVl der-stOno}, n. pi, Mund atones, found 
chiefly on tho sea-snore. 

Bflw'Jino, n. (Fr. bou'ine) a ropo used 
to make a sail stand clc>so to the wind. 

B8x, n. (L. burus) a tree or ehrub. 
Hdx'on, a. made of box 5 like box. 

Bfix, n. (S.) a case made of wood ; a 
chest. — V. to Inclose in a box. 

B8x, n. (W. bock%) a blow with tho 

flat.— w. to fight with the flat. 
nox'er, n. one who boxcfi ; a pugilist. 
BOX uig, «. the act of fighting with the fist. 

noy'hOdd, n. the stat j cf a boy. 
Boyish, a. liko a boy ; childish. 
Boy'ish-ness, n. tho being like a boy. 
BOy'i^m, n. the state of a boy ; puerility. 
BOJi play, n. amuaemejit of a boy. 

Bra^e.n. (Gr. brachon) a bandage ; a 
piece of timber to k ep a building from 
swervmg; a crookec. line in writing' and 
printing ; a pair : pi. straps to keep up any 
part of the dress.— ». to bind ; to tie close : 
to strain up. 

Bra'f er, n. a bandage ; a cincture. 

IJrftce let, n, an ornament for the arm. 

Mrach'ial, a. belonginf; to the arm. 

BrSck'et, rt. a support fixed to a wall: a 
crooked line in writing and printing. 

Ura9h, n. (Fr. bruque) a bitch hound. 

Brach'man. See Bramin. 

Bra-chvg'ra-phy, n. (Gr, brachus, gra- 

pho) short-hand writuig. 
Bra-chyg'ra-pher, «. a short-hand writer. 

BrSck,n.(S.iracan) abroach; a crack. 
BrSck'en. Soo under Brake. 

BrSck'ish, a. (B. brack) rather salt. 
Brftck'ish-ness, n. saltnoss in a small degree. 

BrHg, V. (D. braggeren) to boast 

n. a boast ; a gitme at cards. 
Brag-ga-do'51-0, ». a boaster. 
Brag'gar-dijm, «. boastfulness. 
Brag'gart, n. a boaster.— a. boastful. 
Brag'ger, n. a boaster. 
Brag'ging-ly, oc/. boastmgly. 

Braid, V. (S. bredan) to weave toge- 
ther.— n. a texture ; a sort of lace ; a knot. 

Brain, n. (S„ brngen) the soft wliitish 
mass inclosed 1.^ tho skull ; tho understand- 
ing ; the fancy.— 1>. to dash out the brains. 

Brain'ish, a, hotheaded ; furious. 

Brainless, a. sillyj thoughtless. 

Brain'n.ln. tj, the skull cont-iininsr the brnlns 

Brain si ck,a.di8ordored in thounderstandloE 

Brft n 8Tck-ly, ad. wc-vkly; giddily. 

Brain sick-nuss, n. giddiness ; indiscretion. 

Brake, n. (S. bracan) an instrument 
for dressing flax ; a snafHe for horses. 

Br'k'?, n. (S. bracan ?) forn ; a thicket. 
iiia'tijT, rt I'lomy; rough; prickly. 
Biaok'an, n. fern. 

luum tie, n. (S. bremel) tho black* 

berry bush ; a prickly shrub. 
Bram bled, a. overgrown with bramble*. 

Bra'miri,Brah'inin,n. an Indian priest 
Bra-mln'i-cal, a. relating to tho Bramiiifc 

Br2n, n. (W.) husks of ground com. 
Bran'ny, a. conslsti'ir, 'f »u.,,n 

BrSnfA, n. vi.'r. branche) a bough ; a 
shoot ; offspring.— divide into branch.^. 

BranfA'er, n. one that shoots out into 
branches ; ^a young liawk. 

Branfft'lesa.Hi. without branches. 

BranfA'y, a. full of branches. 

Brand, n. (S.) a burning piece of wood; 
a sword ; a mark of infamy.— v. to burn 
with a hot Iron ; to mark with infamy. 

Brand'ish, tt.towave; to shake; tofiouruu; 
to play with. — n. a flourish. 

BrSnd ling, n. a kind of worm. 

Bran'dy, n. (brand, wine) a liquor 
distilled from wine. 

Brun'glo, v. {be, wrangleX) to dispute* 

to squabble.— n. a dispute. 
Bran'gling, n. quarrel. 

BrasTl'. See Brazil. 

Brass. «.(S.Ar«s) a yellow metal, com- 
posed of copper and zinc ; impudence. 

Braj ier, Braz'ier, n. one wh» works in brass. 

Bras'sy, a. partaking of brass; impudent. 

Braze, v. to solder with brass; to harden. 

Bra'zen, a. made of brass ; impudent.- 1>. to 
bo impudent ; to bully. 

Bra'zen-faye, n. an impudent person. 

Bra'zen-ta9ed, a. impudcn ; sliameless. 

Brat, n. a child, so called in contempt. 
Bravo, a. (Fr.) courageous ; gallant ; 
bold. — n. a bold man ; a boast.— v. to defy 
Brave'ly, ad. in a brave manner. 
Bra'ver-v,n. courage; intrepidity; heroism. 
Bra-va do, n. a boast ; an arrogant throat. 
Bravo, n. an assassin ; a daring villain. 

Brawl, V. (Fr. brailler) to quarrel noi- 

sily ; to drive away.— n. a noisy quarrel. 
Brawl'er, n. a noisy fellow ; a wrangler. 
Brawl'ing, n. the act . . quarrelling. 

Brawn, n. (S. bar) tho flesh of a boar; 

the muscular part of the body ; the arm. 
Brawned, a. muscular; strong. 
IJrawn'er, h. a boar killed fir the table. 
Brawn'y, a. muscular; flesi.y; liard. 
Brawn'i-ness, n. strength; hardness. 

Br3y, V. (S. bracan) to grind small ; 

to pound ; to make a harsh noise, like aa 

ass. — n. the noise of an ass. 
Bray'er, n. one that brays. 
•Jvaj in^, is, eiaijic-uf ; iioise. 

Patfl, fat, far, fall : mc, mCt, thOro, h^r ; pine, ptn, field, fir ; nOte, n6t, nOr, mflve. s6n. 





t instrumont 
or horses. 

1 ; a thicket. 


) tho black' 


adian priosl. 
10 Brautin^ 

ound corn, 
a bou^h ; a 

ots out into 


. — w. to burn 
:h infamy. 
i; toliouruu; 


a liquor 

to dispute • 

netal, com- 
orks in brass, 
to harden, 
udcnt.— 1>. to 


I contempt. 

; gallant ; 
• — V. to defy 

ly; heroism, 
ant throat. 
: villain. 

uarrel noi- 

ly quarrel. 



of a boar; 
; the arm. 




tid small ; 
ise, like &a 

mflve, s6n, 


Drove. Sco under Brass. 

Bra-zjl', n. (I'ort. braza) a kind of 
wood for dyeing. 

BrCajh.n. (S. brecau) the act of break- 
ing; a gap; a quarrel; an infraction. 

BrSad, n. (S.) food made of ground 
corn ; support of lile. 

Breadth, n. (S. brad) measure from 

side to side. 
BrCadth'less, a. havi.ig no breadth. 

iJroak, V, (S. brecan) to part by vio- 
lenco; to burst; to crush; to shatter; to 
tamo; to make bankrupt; to discard; to 
infringe: ». t. brOkoor brake ; p.p. brO'keii. 

Mrouk, n. tho state of being broken ; an open- 
ing ; a pause ; a line vlrawn ; tho diiwii. 

h„"^ '''■' ['• """^ **'?' ^''''''^ •' a wave broken 
Dy a rock or 

Iir«:!&; «• bankruptcy; dissolution. 

—n. the first meal in tho day. ^ 

iW-eak'nCck, n. a steep place. 
lireflk'wa-t.T, ». a moio to break the force 

of the waves. 

Bream, n. (Fr. breme) a fish. 

Breast, n. (S. breost) tho part of the 
body between tho neck and tlio belly : the 
bosom : the he.ut ; tho conscionce.—v. to 
meet in front ; to oppose breast to breo«t. 

BrOast bone, n. ilic bone of tho breast. 

HrCast i\Q<:p, a. \x\> o tho breast. 

Breast' iigh, a. up to the breast 

Breast kn6t, n. a knot worn on the breast. 

Brftist'pi r n. an ornament for the breast. 

Brdast piato, n. armoiu' for the breast. 

BrCast'work, n. a work as higli as the breast. 

Breath, n. (S. brceth) tho air drawn in 
and expelled by tho lungs; life: respite: 
pause ; breeze ; an instant. 

Breathe, v. to draw in and expel tli air • to 
live ; to pause ; to utter p, vately. 

JJrOath'er, n. one who breathes. 

ISreath fai, a. full of breath or odour. 

«reathing,n. respiration; vent; accent. 

Jircat h'ing-iili-i9e, n. a pause; a vent. 

iJrCat . ing-tlrae, »i relaxation; rest. 

BrCaiu '■<-'. a. out ..f breath; dead. 

iJreath Ic^, liuss, n. tho state of bei.ig out of 

Bred, p. t. and p. p. of breed. 

Breenh, ra. (S. brecan) tho lower part of 
the body; tho hinder part of ly thing.— 
». to put into breeches; tolii lia breech. 

Brt.och'es, brifh'cs, n. pi. a nient worn 

BrflCi'y, a. fanned with gales; full of^ 
Brcth'rcn, pi. of brother. 

Breve, n. (L. brcxm) a musical noto .' 
a writ ; a short note or minute. 

Brevet, n. a commission wliich entitles aa 
othcor to rank above his pay. 

Urov'la-ry. n. nn abridgment; an epitome ! 
ft book containing the daily services of tha 
Ronnsh chunii. ^ 

Brev'iate, n. a short compcii.linm. 

Brev i-ty, M. shortness ; conciseness. 

Brew, brA, v. (S. brhcan) to mak« 
malt hquor; to mingle; to contrive.- 
n. that which is brewed. 

Brew'a^-e, n. drink brewed; a mixture. 

Brew'er, n. one who brews. 

IJrew'er-y, n. a place for brewing. 

Brew ng, n. tho miantity brewed at once. 

Brow house, n. a house for brewuig. 

Bribe, n. (Fr. bribe) a reward civon 

to corrupt the conduct.— v. to give a bribe 2 
to gain by bribes. " t.yu u unoe j 

Brlb'er, n. one who gives bribes. 

urib er-y, n. tho giving or taking of bribes. 

Brick, n. (Fr. briijite) a squared masg 
of burnt clay ; a small loaf.— 1>. to lay with 
bricks ; to place as a brick. ' 

Brtck bat, n. a piece of brick. 

Brick clay, n. clay for making bricks. 

nS/J^?,*'' "• '^"'tmado 1 V pounding brickn 
Brick kiln, n. a kiln for burning bricks. 
Brlck'lay-er, n. a brick-ma;.on. 
Brick mak-er, n. one who makes bricks. 

Bride, n. (S. bryd) a woman about to 

bo married, or newly married. 
lirl da , w. a wedding.— «, belonging to a 

wedding; nuptial; connubial, 
i'ride bed, n. a marriage bed. 
J irido cake, n. cake distributed at a wedding, 
ir J!i' ,'^''?1."''^'''"' "• "»o nuptial chamber, 
iirlde gr60m, n. a man about to be married. 

or newly married. "«*i"wu, 

Bride;inaid, n. she who attends on the brida 
lirldo uiin.n. ho who attends the bridegroom. 

Brlde'wSll, n. a house o*" correction : 
so called from n palace near f Bride's Well. 
in London, which was tun. ! into a work' 


Dv men over the lower part oi the bod^ 
Bree9h'mg, n. a whijiiMiig. 

Breed, v. (S. breda)i) to procreate ; to 
give birth to ; to educate ; to bring up ; to 
be with young: p. t. and p. p. brCd. 

Rr,'i:t'"'°'™'^^' offspi-iiig; progeny; a kind. 
Hreod'er, n. ono that breeds. 

Breed'mg, n. education ; manners; mrrfnre. 

Breeze, n. (S. briosa) a stinging fly. 

Breeze, n. (Fr. br'ise) a gentle galo : 

a soft wind. ?•, t"- Jilov- ■■■-•■{ st 

Brecio'less, a. without a )7rVe2e'." 

Bridge, n. (S. brycg) a building raised 
over water for convenience of passage ; the 
upper part of the nose ; the supporter of 
the strings of a musical instrument.— y. to 
DUild a bridge over. 

Bri'dle, n. (S. bridl) t ho reins by which 
ahorseisp-vemed; a restraint; a curb.— 
V. to put on a bridle ; to restrain. 

Brid'ler, n. one who bridlis. 

Bri'dle-hand, n, the hand whicL holds the 
bridle m riding. 

Brief, a. (L. brevis) short ; concise} 
contracted.— jj. a short extract; the s'^to- 
ment of a case given to a pleader. 
BriGf'ly,ad.infewword3; concisely; quickly, 
Bnof ness, n. shortness ; conciseness. 

ihi'er, n. (S. c; -,) a prickly'slirub. 
Brl'er-y, a. full ol iiriers; rough. 


tflbe, tab. fQll; cry, crypt, mjrrh; tOII, boy.'aor, nr .-, new; 9eu fem, raije, e?l8«, tfchi 





DrTg, n. (Mganiine) a vosaol with 
two uuuts. 

^ri-gado', n. (Fr.) a division of troops. 
UrlR-a-dior', n. un officer who comiuanda a 

BriL''an(l, n. (Fr.) a froobootor. 
Bri>,''aii-d.aRc, n. thuft; plunder. 
Brii^an-diiio, n. a light vessel, »uch ns wa» 

formerly used bjr pirates ; a coat of mail. 
Brig un-tlne, n. a light veuoL 

Bri«ht, brit, a. (S. AeorAO shining ; 

cleiwj resplendent; evident; illu»triou»: 
Rrlght'cii, V. to make bright. 
Hrlght'Iy, ad. splendidly ; with lustre. 
Oright'ness, n. lustre ; ucuteness. 

BrTgue,n.(Fr.) cabal; intrigue; coa- 
tention.— w. to canvass j to solicit. 

Brilliant, a. (Fr. briller) shining: 
sparkling.— n. a diamond of the fluest cut. 
S"".' ' an-fyt n. lustre ; splendour. 
Brill'iant-fy, ad. splendidly. 

Brim, n. (S. brymme) the edge : tho 
upper edge of a vessel; the brink of a foun- 

n ''^'"j//^*^'"','"' ^°° — «'• to fill to tho brini. 
I rim fai, a. full to the brim. 
iJrim'loss, a. without a brim. 
Hrlui'mcr, n. a bowl full to the top. 
Urim'miug, a. full to the top. 

Brim'stono, n. (S. bri/ne, stan) sulphur. 
Brim'sto-ny, a. full of brimstone. 

Brm'ded, a. (S. byrnan !) streaked. 
Brin'd e, n. the state of being brinded. 
iJrlii'dled, a. streaked ; spotted. 

^^J^^X *!", ^^: ^^y»^) water imprcg- 

nated with salt ; the sea. ^ 

Brln'ish, a. saltish ; like brine. 
Brin'y, a. salt ; like brine. 
Brine'pit, n. u pit of salt water. 

Bring, V. (S. bringan) to fetch from ; 
to convey or carry to ; to draw along ; to 
procure; to attract; to induce; to prevail 
upon : p. t and p. p. brought. 

Bring'er, n. one who brings. 

Brink, n. (Dan.) the edge ; tno margin. 

Brisk, ,7. (Fr. brusque) lively; active; 

full of spirit ; vivid j'bright. ^ ' ' 

IJrlsk'ly, ad. actively ; spiritedly. 
Urisk'ness, n. liveliness; activity. 
Brisk'et, n. (Fr. brechet) the breast. 
BriVtle, bris'sl, n. (S. bristl) the hair 

of a Bwme ; stiff hair.— ». to erect as bristles. 
Brlst'ly, a. thick set with liristles. 

Brit'ish, a. relating to Britain, 
llrlt on, n. a native of Britain. 
Uri-ian'nic, a. belonging to Britain. 

Bnt'tle, a. (S. brytan) easily broken. 
Urlt'tle-ness, n, aptness to break. 
Brizo. See Breeso. 
Broach, n. (Fr. broche) a spit.^ 
spit; to pierce; to open; to let or give oui. 
UrOa9li er, n. a spit ; one who broaches. 

Broad, 0. (S. brad) wide ; large ; ex- 
tensive; open; coarse; obscene. 

BroAd'en, v, to grow brood. 
Broad'ish, a. rather broad. 
I|roiid1y, aU. in a broad manner. 
Ilroiid'ness, w. breiulth ; coaraenesi. 
iJroufl diHh, n. a line kind of woollen cloth. 
Uroad side, n. tho side of aship ; a dinohargt 

or all the guns at once from the sioe of« 

snip ; a large slicut of paper. 
Broad'HWOrd, tu a cutting sword, with a 

broad blade. 
Broad' In the direction of the breadth. 

Bro-cildo', n. (Sp. brocado) a kind of 

flowered silk. 
Bro-cfld'ed, a. woven or worked as brocado : 

dressed In brocade. 

Bro'ca^e. See under Broke. 
Broc'co-li,n. (It.) a species of cabbage. 
Brock, n. (S. broc) a badger. 
BrSck'et, n. a red deer, two years old. 

Brogue, 71. dr. brog) a kind of shoo ; 
corrupt dialect. 

Broi'der, v. (Fr. broder) to adorn with 

ngtircs of needlework. 
BrOl'der-er, n. one who brolders. 
BrOI'der-y, n. ornamental needlework. 

BroH, n. (Fr. brouiller) a tumult ; a 
quarrel. ' 

Broil. V. (Fr. bruler) to cook by layiii'» 
on the coals ; to be in the hcut. "'•''"' 
lirOll'er, n. one who broils. 

Broke, v. (S. brucan) to transact 
busmcss for others. 

BrO'kaj'e, BrO'ca^ o, n. profit gained by pro- 
moting bargains ; dealing in old goods ; hire, 

JJro kcr, n. a factor ; a dealer in old goods. 

llro ker-a^e, «. the pay or reward of a broltor. 

BrO'ker-ly, a. mean ; servile. 

BrO'ker-y, n. the business of a broker. 

Broke, p. t. of break. 

BrOTcen, p. n. of break. 

BrO'ken-ly, ad. in an interrupted manner. 

BrO ken-ncss, n. the state of being broken. 

BrO-ken-heart'ed, a. having tho spirits crush, 
ed by grief or despair. 

Bro-ken-wlnd'ed, a. having short breath. 

Brdn'chi-al, a. (Gr. bronchos) belong- 
ing to the throat. ° 

BrOn'cho-cC-lo, n. a tumor in tho throat. 

Bron-chflt'o-my, n. tho operation of cuttina 
the wmdpipe. '• 

Bronze, Bronze, n. (Fr.) a metal com- 
pounded of copper and tin.— r. to harden 
as brass ; to colour like bronze. 

Brooch, TC. (Fr. broche) a sort of buc- 

hie for fiistening the dress ; a jewel t;. to 

adorn with jewels. 

Brood, V. (S. brod) to sit as on eggs .• 
to remain long in anxiety ; to mature with 

Wn.;7?'?^''P""^' rrogeny; the number 
hatched at once ; a production. 
BrOOd'y, a. inclined to brood. 

Brook, ji. (S, broc) a stream; a rivulet, 
BrOOk'y, a. abounding with bronks. 

rite, fat. far. fail; rvC, m«, thCrc. Mr; pi„e. pin. field, fir; note. not. nor. mdve. b6u-' 




> transact 

Brtkik, V, (S. brucan) to bear ; to onduro. 
DnWra, n. (S. brom) a. shrub; a bosom. 
{;'" • A ",*^ nr^Hin, ». to clonn a 8l)lp. 
JlroAiuy rt fullon,rooni;«MiHistlnt(orbroom. 
llroOni htrtff, Breom'ntlck, n. the iiaiidJo of 
a buaotn. • 

I3r3th, n. (S.) liquor in which llosh 
lias been bulled. 

I3r3th'ol, «. (Fr. d„r(M) a house of 
Ui\V(lne»s 1 a bnwdy-hoine. 

II !!J?^!"'®''' "• ""° "'"' '"■"qtients brothels. 
UrOth'ol-ry, n. whoredom ; obscenity. 

Bri^th'cr, n. (S.) ono born of tho samo 
parents ; any ono closely uniK'd ; an oaso- 
cUite: pi. br/.th'ers atut brOlh'ren. 

JJroth er-hdOd,n. tho state of being a brother- 
a frnternity ; an association. 

Ilroth'or- ess, a. without a brother. 

JJroth or-liko, a becominff a brother. 

Ur6th or- y, a. lllto a brother ; atleetionate— 
o«. in tho luanuor of a brother. 

Brouglit, brat, p. t. and p. p. of briiiff. 

Dr8«r, n, (S. hraw) tlio ridiro over tho 
ove ; tho forehead ; tho edge of any LiRh 

T. 'l»S?-~''' *° ^'"■'» ^''0 •-•''ko or border oL 

J.x ,,.**• ^- '" depress by stern looks. 

I A » /uS'^'"'"'''' "• "■ t'epressing by stern looks. 
r^A I '^""''' «• "owned ; having a diadeiu. 

JJri^xV'lcss, a. without shame. 

13r(5*n, n. (S. brun) tho namo of a 
colour.— a. of a brown colour ; diiaky. 

nrOwn'ish, a. somewhat brown. 

HrOiX-n'ness, ». a brown colour. 

HrOxVu-stQd'y, n. deep thoughtfnlness. 

Bro^je, V. (Gr. brosko) to cat tender 
branches or shrubs.— n. branches or shrubs. 

BrOwj'ing, M. food for cattle. 

Bruise, u. (S. brysan) to crush or man- 
gle by blows.— w. a hurt from a blow. 
UiQij or, n. one who bruises; a boxer. 


Bruit, n. (Fr.) report; 
V. to noise or spread abroad. 

Bru'mal, a. (L. bruma) belonduff to 
the wmter. t^ a "" 

Bru-nStte', n. (Fr.) a woman with a 
brown or dark complexion. 

Brunt, n. (S. byman) tho heat or vio- 
lence of an onset; shock. 

Brush, n. (Fr. brosse) an instramcnt 
for cleamng or sweeping j a pencil used by 
painters ; the tail of a fox ; an assault : a 

,.,^„ ®'*T;^ *1 ^*^^P ^"'i a l^'ush; to 
move with haste. 

lirDsh'er, «. one who brushes. 

l!r.?!h'I'..A:,'"''"H'' °"" ?''-''»sy. like a brush. 
I3rQsh'w66d, n. low close bushes. 

Brusk, a. (Fr. brusque) rude; abrupt. 

Brus'tlo, brus'sl, v. (S. brastlian) to 
crackle ; to make a noise. 

Bruto, a. (L, brutits) senseless ; irra- 
nrA°r„i '■ ^'\y,'^SO.-n. an irrational animal. \ 
li"^" r?!' ,«• "Iw a brute : savaeo : erunl. ( 

Uru-iaU-ty, w. savageness ; inhumanity. I 

lira tal-ly, ,ul. In a brutal manner. 
Jjrato'lv, tut. In a rudo manner. 

I. ^.. .',"•'"'?'!'''' »avago; gross. 

i. X/.. u'^' "''• '" "'"' "wrmor of u brute. 

lira tlsh-ness, n. savageness. 

Brjf'o-ny, n. (L. brt/onia) a plant. 

Biib'blo, n. (D. bobbcl) a small bla<ldei 
of water; any thing empty; a cheat; i 
false show.— V. to rise in bubbles; to rui 
with a gentle noise ; to cheat. 

Unb'bler, «. a cheat. 

BQb'bly, a. consbtlng of bubbles. 

BqI)©, n. ((.r, boubon) tho groin; a 

tumor in tho groin. * * 

Ba'bo-no-vdo, H. rupture In tho groin. 

Buc-a-iiier', Buc-ca-ncer',n. (Fr. bon- 
cajjtv ?) a pirate. 

Buck, n. (Gor. beuche) lyo or suds in 
wiiicJi clothes are soaked or washed.— 1>. to 
soak or wash in lye. 

Back'bas-ket, M, a banket In which clothei 
aro carried to bo washed. 

Buck, n. (S. bucca) tho malo of cer. 
iinl" ?"''"al8. as tho doer ; a diishlng fellow. 
Back skTn n. loathei made from a buck's skia 

Back stall, n. a net to catch deer. 
Buck'et, n. (S. *««) a vessel for draw- 

Ing waier. ^a-n 

Buc'kle, ». (Fr. boucle) an instrn- 
ment for fastening dross.— ». to fasten wittt 
a buckle ; to prepare for action ; to bond. 

BQck'ler.M. a kind of shield. 

Buck'ram, n. (Fr. bougran) a sort of 
stiffened cloth.-a. stiff; pi-eciso. 

Soril.' ^''•''"^'i-«*>' «• iGr.boukolos^. 
Bu-cOl'ic, n. a pastoral poem. 

Bud, n. (Fr. boiclon) tho first shoot of a 
plant ; a gem.-t;. to put forth buds. 

iSf' ^- ^^^' ^oufler) to stir. 
Bad'^^er, n. ono who stirs. 

Bud|:e, n. the dressed fur of lamba. 
Biid'get, n. (Fr. bougette) a bag ; a 
stock ; a statement respecting finances. 

E^!^^ ^^*-? * ^'"*^ ^^ ^^"j ox. 

BQff, H. leather made of a buffalo's skin • tha 
colour of buff; a light yellow. • * 

°K*: "• <^*- *"#'«o) a blow with 
Rft ? ^'•'•~''- '" ^^^''^ w"h tl'o fist. 
Hut fet-nig, n. striking; contention. 

2"Ji^J'' "• ^F^"-) '-^ kind of cupboard. 

R.ff,Un '"'""''•",''• *" ""'•^e ridiculous.*' 
Buf-f6an'er-y, n. low jesting; mimicry; 

i>ug, n. an insect. 

Bug Bug'boar,7i. (W. bwg) somethinff 
that scares, or raises absurd fright. 

huntmg or miUtary horn. '^ ' 

tabe. tab. fail ; cry. crypt, mj^rrh; tOU. boy."^; fode. ^em. ,^1^;:;^^^ 




BQ'gle.n. a shiniug bead of black glass. 

Build, V. (S. btjldnri) to raise a fabric 
or edifice ; to erect ; to construct ; to de- 
pend on : p. t. and p. p. built. 

liulld'er, n. one who builds; an architect. 

Bulld'ing, n. a fabric ; an edifice. 

Bulb, n. (Gr. bolbos) a round root. 
BollrauB, a. having bulbs. 

Bul^e. n. (S. balg) the protuberant 
part of a cask; a protuberance. — v, to 
swell out ; to bo protubenvnt. 

Bulk, «. (W. bwig) sho ; magnitude ; 
the mass ; the main part of a ship's cargo : 
a part of a building that juts out 

BQl'ky, a. of great size. 

Bal'ki-ness, n. greatness of size. 

BQlk-hCad', n. a partition across a ship. 

Bull,7». (Ger. bulle) the raalo of cattle: 

one of the signs of the zodiac. 
Bul'lock, n. an ox 

JJ"}!'bait-ing, n. a fight of bulls with dogs, 
liull calf, n. a male calf; a stupid feUow. 
iiaU'dOg, n. a species of dog. 
OuU'flnph, H. a species of bird. 
BQIl'trflflt, n. a large kind of tront. 
IiOl rOsh, n. a largo rush growing in water. 

Bull, n. (L. bulla) an edict of the 

pope; a blunder. 
BQl'Ia-ry, n. a collection of papal bulls. 
Jiai ist, n. a writer of papal bulls. 
Hul hsh, a. of the nature of r, bull or blunder. 
Bul'ia9e, n.'a sort of wild plum. 

BuHet, n. (Fr. boiilet) a round ball of 
metal; shot. 

BiiHo-tiD, n. (Fr.) an official report. 

Bullion, n. (Fr. biUon) gold or silver 
m mass, or uncoined. 

Bul-li'tion, n. (L. bullio) the act of 

Bully, n. (L. bulla ?) a noisy, quarrel- 
some fellow.— ». to bluster; to threaten. 

r MVark, n. (D. bolwerke) a fortifi- 
v-ation ; a security.— <>. to fortify. 

Bum, V. (D. bommen) to make anoiae. 
CQmp, V. to make noiw ; *a) strike.— »». a 

swelling ; a protuberance. 
BQm'ble-bee, or IlQm'ble-bCt, n. a large bee. 
BQm boat, »». a boat that carries provisions 

to a ship. 
Bump'kin, n. o. clown ; a rustic. 

Buu,Bann,n.( Ir.fittnna) a kind of cake. 

BunpA, n. (G. bunke) a lump ; a clus- 
ter.—*, to swell out in a bunch. 

BCmfh'y, a. full of bunches ; like a bunch. 

Bun'dle, n. (S. bt/ndeh a number of 
things bound together.— if. to tie together. 

Biing, n. (W. bwTiff) a Btdppcr for a 

barroL— #. to stOD ud a barrel. 

BOng'hole, n. th« hole in the side (■ *>«rel 
Bun'glfi, V. {W. bwngler) to perfom 

clumsily.— n. a clumsy performance, 
nong'ler, n. one who bungles. 
UQng'luig-ly, ad. clumsily ; awkwardly. 
Bunt'ing, n. the name of a bird. 
Buoy, n. (Fr. bouee) a piece of cork oi 

r^*l?. 5°?''"8on the water, tied toa weighl 
■,,^^$^^°^^o^--v-tokeepafiofit ; tobeartip. 

S.^^t'*":^^' 2- *^? *>"*"ty of floating. ^ 
Buoyant, a. floating; light. 

Bur, n. the prickly head of burdock. 
Bur'deu, or Bur'then, n. (S. byriheit) 
_^hat " ''"^e ; a load.-v. to loadf ' 

ijJf.°en-oua, a. grievous ; useless. 

n«S^®""''^'"°' **• '^^*^y! grievous; severe, 
aar'den-some-ness, n. weight ; heaviness. 

BiSr'den, n. (Fr. bourdon) a chorus. 

Bu-roau', bu-ro', n. (Fr.) a chest of 
drawers with a writing board. 

Bur'ga-not, Bur'go-net, fi. (Fr. bour 
guignoU) a kind of helmet. 

Burgh, burg, n. (S. burh) a corporate 

to^vn ; a borough. f ^v- 

BQr'gap, n. a tenure by whica tho inhabi. 

tantsoftowns hold their lands or tenements, 
iinr'^ess, n. a ireeman of a burgh. 

BDr'^ess-ship, n. the state of a burgess. 
BQr'gher, n. a freeman of a burgh, 
uorfirmote, n. a burgh court. 
BQr'go-mas-ter, n. a magistrate of a city, 
uor'grave, n. a governor of a town or castle. 
•^*War, n. (S. burh, Fr. larron) a 

thief who breaks into a house by night. 
Barg la-ry, n. housebreaking by night, 
liurg-la'n-ous, a. relating to housebreaking. 

Bur 'gun-dy, made inDurgundy. 

Bur'i-al. See under Bury. 

Bu'rino, n. (Fr. burin) a graving tool. 

Burl, re. to dress cloth, as fullers do. 
Bdrl'er, n. a dresser of cloth. 

Bur-lesque', a. (Fr.) tending to raise 
laughter ; jocular.— n. a ludicrous renre- 
sentation.- 1>. to turn to ridicule. 

Burly, a. {boor, like ?) big : tumid : 
boisterous. ' 

BQr'li-ness, n. bulk ; bluster. 

Burn, V. (S. bijrnan) to consume with 

Are ; to wound with fire ; to be on Are • 

p. t, and p. p. bQrned or bQrnt. 
Barn, n. a wound caused by flre. 
BOrn'er, n. a person or thing that bums. 
BQrn ing, ji. fire ; flame; inflammation.— 

a. flaming; vehement; powerful. 
BDrn'ing-glass, n. a glass which collects oi 

condenses the sun's rays. 

Bur'nish, v. (Fr. bmnir) to polish : to 

grow bright.— ». a gloss ; brightness. 
BDrnlsh-er, n. one that burnishes. 

Bur'row, 71. (S. beorqan) a holo in th« 
ground for rabl)its, Inc.— v. to make holoi 
in th!? grosind. 

Pate, fat, far, lail: mc, met, there, hit', pine, pin, field, fir; note, nat. nOr, mOve.sda 




Siine, n. (L. bursa) an exchange 
where merchants meet. 

BQr'sar, n. the treasurer of a college ; a stu- 
dent who has an allowance from a fund. 

BQr'sur-ship, n. the office of a bursar. 

Uar'sa-ry, «. the treasury of a college ; the 
•lUowance paid to a bursar. 

Bur."!;, V. (S. berstan) to break or fly 
aa'>v>aer; to break open suddenly ; to come 
su .uenly or with violence: pXandp.p.bOrst. 

BOr , n. a sudden disruption ; a rupture. 

Bur'then. See Burden. 

Bur'y, ber'y, v. (S. birgan) to put into 
a grave ; to cover with earth ; to conceal. 
Bur i-al, n. the act of burjing ; a funeral. 
Bur'y-ing, n. the act of putting into the grave, 
liur'y-iug-plafe, n. a place for graves. 

Bush, n. (Ger. busch) a thick shrub ; 

a bough.— v. to grow thick. 
Bush'v, a. full of bushes ; like a bush. 
BQsh'i-ness, n. the quality of being bushy 

Bush'el, n. <Fr. boisseau) a dry mea- 
sure containing eight gallons. 

Biisk, n. (Fr. busa) a piece of steel or 
whalebone worn in stays. 

Bus'kin, n. (D. broseken) a kind of 
half boot ; a high shoe worn by ancient 
actors of tragedy. 

Bus'kined, a. dressed in buskins. 

Buss, n. (L. basiurn) a kiss ; a salute 
with the lips.— D. to kiss. 

Bus3,»i. (D. buis) a boat used in fishing. 

Biist, n. (It. busto) a statue of the 
liead and shoulders. 

Bus'tard. n. a largo bird of the tur- 
key kind. 

Bus'tle, bus'sl, v. (S. brastlian't) to 

be busy with quick motion ; to be active 

n. a hurry; a tumult. 

BQs tier, «. an active, stirring person. 

BusV biz'y, a. (S. biscq) employed 
with earnestness J active; officious.— i>. to 
employ ; to engage. 

Buf'i-ly, ad. in a busy manner. 

Buj'mess, blz'ness, n. employment ; serious 
engagement ; an affair ; concern ; trade. 

iSuj y-bdd-y, n. a meddling person. 

BuL con. (S. butaji) except ; except 
that ; besides ; only ; unless ; yct.-ad. no 
more than — prep, except. 

But, n. (Fr. bout) a boundary ; a 

limit.— w. to touch at one end. 
Bat'Cnd, n. the blunt end of any thin?. 
But'raent, n. the support of an arcli. 
liOtt, n. a mark to be .limcd at ; an cbject of 

ridicule ; a blow or push.— 1», to strike with 

the head or horns. 
BQt'Bhaft, n. un arrow 

Bfttph'er, ra. (Fr. houchcr) one who kills 
animals to sell ; one who delights in slaiish- 

tA^JT, "• .*° ''■" i *o murder. ^ 

Bflt9h^er-ly, a. bloody; cruel 

iSut^n er-y, n. the trnde of a butcher • ".I".!!'?};- 
ier; the pi^ce where animals are kiiied.'' ' 

Butler, TO. (Fr. bouteitle) a serrwil 

who has charge of liquors, ic- 
Bat'ler-ship, n. the office of a butler. 

Butt, n. (S. but) a large cask. 

But'ter, TO. (L. butyrum) an oily sub« 
stance made from cream by churniug.-« 
V. to smear or spread with butter. 

Bat'ter-y, a. having the qualities of butter.— 
n. a room where provisions are kept. 

Bat ter-fly, n. a winged insect. 

BQt'ter-mllk, n. the milk which remains 
when butter has been made. 

BQt'ter-prlnt, n. a stamp to mark butter. 

Bu-ty-ra'9eous, Bu'ty-rous, a. having ths 
qualities of butter. 

Biit'tock, TO. (Fr. bout \) the rump. 

But'ton, TO. (Fr. bouton) a knob or ball 

for fastening clothes ; the bud of a plant 

V. to fasten with buttons. 

BQt'ton-hOle, n. a hole to admit a button. 

BQt ton-mak-er, n. one who makes buttons. 

Biit'tress, n. (Fr, bout) a prop : a sup- 
port.— f. to prop ; to support 

Bux'om,a. (S. bocsum) obedient ; yields 
mg; gay; lively; brisk; wanton. 

BOX om-ly, ad. obediently ; wantonly. 

liax om-ness, n. obedience ; wantonness. 

Buy, V. (S. bycgan) to obtain for mo- 
ney ; to purchase : p. t. .and p. p. bought. 

Buy'er, n. one who buys ; a purchaser. 

Buzz, V. to hum like a bee ; to whisper. 

— n. the noise of a bee or fly ; a whisper. 
BOz'zer, n. a secret whisperer. 

Biiz'zard, to. a species of hawk : a 
blockhead.— a. senseless ; stupid. 

By, prep. (S. be) denotes the agent, 
wiiy, or means; at; near.— ad. near; be- 
side ; m presence ; passing. 

By, Bye, n. something not the direct and im- 
mediate object of regard : as i>y the <>« or bye. 

By'and-by, ad. in a short time. 

By, in composition, implies something out o! 
the direct way. 

By'cOr-ner, n. a private corner. 

By'Cnd, n. private intcrc^'t. 

By'g(ine, a. past. 

By'lane, n. a private lane. 

By'law, n. a private rule. 

By'name, n. a nickname. 

By'past, a. past ; gone by. 

By'path, M. a private path. 

By'road, n. a private road. 

By'stand-er, n. a looker on. 

By'stroet, n. an obscure street. 

By'view, n. a self-interested purpose. 

By'walk, n. a private walk. 

By'way, n. a private and obscure way. 

By'wipe, n. a secret stroke or aarcasm. 

By'wOrd, n. a saying ; a proverb. 

Byz'ant, Byz'an-tine, to. a gold coin. 

made at Byzantium. ' 

^ c. 

-.;!b, TO. (11.) a Ilebriw meaBure uf 
about three pints. 

Ub«,Wb,fflll: cry, crypt, mjrrh; toil, boy,attr,n6*, new; 9edo,5em, rai^,etiBt,(Jui 





^hISS'' C^'^'a-la, n. (H.) Jewish tra 
„ "'Won ; secret science. 
r«h'?'p!°' "• *^° ^''•^"ce of the cabala, 
rah ^ i', l"-^"" ^''■"ed in Jewish tradition 

ctbir ?' i'*^?.''-*-'y"-'^''«- ««"«t5 occult 
r «K. I. * t«-cal-ly, ad. mysteriously. 
oab a-lize, V. to speak like the cabalists. 

Ca-bar, n. a privato junto : au in- 
trigue.— w. to intrigue. > «*" iu 
Ca-bai'ier, n. one who intrigues. 

^toSS"'"' ''^- -"«*«^^«*) belonging 

Cab'a-ret, n. (Fr.) a tavern. 

^'5'*'ba?e, «. (L. cajOM^?) a vegetable. 

Cab Ja§:e, v. to steal in cutting clothes. 

^!Ji'if?' "• ^^- "'**'*"> a cottage ; a 
small room ; a room in a 8hip.-«. to five 
or confine in a cabin. 

CSb'i-net, n. (Fr.) a closet : a room in 
which consultations are held ; the collective 
body of ministers of state ; a set of drlwere 

Cab'iSftf'r ''■," ^^' ^°' things of vaTu" 
miLTs^e^f '°-f''' "• * *="""<=" "^ «^binet 

^ woit *"™^''""' "• * °^" °' ''"^ ^°o<J- 
^«wl*''*"* IP- '''^*^^> 3, rope to hold a 

ship at anchor ; a large rop5. 
l-a bled, a. fastened with a cable. 

Cab'ri-o-let, cSb'ri-o-la, n. (Fr.) a sort 
Cabr° ^^^'^^^' commonly shortened into 

^Se^oU'dy- ^^'' *'^^"*- ^^'*> ^ I>^^ 
""Se^f bi.d^r'''^'"-'^"'- '^- living a bad 

^Sghtw?^'*'*'"* ''• ^^' '"'"'^'i'^no) loud 
^!^^^ »', "• 1^- ^aecJcelen) to make a 
Cackling, n. the noise of a hen or goose. 
a bad state of the humours. 

^^'tL^h^SSiSJiSlffil-^' -^ ^^^'"^^ 

^bid^fS!*^* "• ^^'' *«*«*• ^^^i'^^'') 

Ca-coph'o-nv, n. (Gr. AraAos, p7^o«^) a 
bad sound of words. ' 

*^d;fdlJd;.'*"'' "• ^^' ''«^^''^''-> ^^k« a 

CSd'dis, n. (Gael, cacfas) a kind of 
tape ; a worm or grub. 

Cad'dow, n. a chough ; a jackdaw, 
tade, a. taino ; bred by hand. 
Cade, n. (L. cadus) a barrel or cask. 

Ca den9e, n. (L. cado) tho fall of tlM 
voice m reading or speaking; the flow of 
verses or periods ; the tone or sound. 

Ca'dcnt, a. falling down. 

Ca-det', 71. (Fr.) a younger brother ; 
a volunteer in the army, who serves in ex- 
pectation fa commission, 

! Ca'di, n. (Ar.) a Turkish magistrate. 

I 9^-^f9'>^sMl'.cadueus) falling early. 
I Ca-du'fi-ty, n. tendency to fall ; frailty. 

Co9-pu'ra, n. (L.) a pause in verse. 
Cae-ja ral, a. relating to a caesura. 

Ca^e, 71. (Fr.) an inclosure for birda 

or beasts.— V. to inclose In a cage. 
Cairn, n. (C.) a heap of stones. 

Cai'tiff, 71. (It. cattivd) a mean villain: 
a knave — a. base ; servile. 

Ca-jolo', V. (Fr. cajoler) to flatter ; to 

coax ; to delude. 
Ca-jol'er-y, n. flattery ; deceit. 

Cake, 71. (D. koek) a kind of bread : 
concreted matter.— r. to form into a cake. 

Cal-a-man'co,n. a kind of woollen stuff. 
Cara-mlne, n. an ore of zinc. 

Ca-lam'i-ty, n. (L. calamilas) misfor- 

tune ; misery ; distress. 
Ca-lam'i-tous, a. full of misery; distressful. 
Cara-mus, 71. (L.) a sort of reed. 

Ca-lash', n. (Fr. caliche) a sort of open 
carnage ; a kind of hood. 

Cal-ca're-ous. See under Calx. 

Cal'ye-do-ny. See Chalcedony. 

Cal-flne'. See under Calx. 

Cal-ciJg'ra-phy. See Chalcography. 

Cal'cu-late, v. (L. calculus) to com- 

pute ; to reckon ; to adjust. 
Cai cu-la-ble, a. that may be computed, 
oai-cu-la tion.n.acoraputation ; areckoning. 
J^^ ,cu- a-tive, a. belonging to calculation, 
oai cu-la-tor, n. a computer; a reckoner, 
cai cu-lus, n. stone in the bladder. 
>^J} cu-'a-ry, a. relating to the stone, 
oai cu-lose, Cai'cu-lous, a. stony ; gritty. 

Cal'dron, to. (L. caldarium) a larea 
kettle; a boiler. *> 

Cal'e-fy, V. (L. caleo) to grow hot. 
Cai-o-fac'tion, n. the act of heatinL-. 
Ca-ltd'i-ty, n. heat. 

Cal'i-dflct, n. a pipe to convey heat ; a stove. 
Cal'end?, to. pi. (L. calendce) tho first 

of every month among the Romans, 
cai en-dar, n. a yearly register; an almanac 
' — V. to enter in a calendar. 

Cal'on-der, v. (Gr. kuliiidroa) to dresa 
clotu.— n. a hot press for dressing cloth. 

Cal'en-ture, to. (L. caleo) a species of 
lever peculiar to hot climates. 

Calf. Caf. TO. (S. C.enJf\ iha v/Min» «. 

^ato. fat, fdr, mXi mo. met, thCre. Wr, pine, pin. field, fir; note. n«. ^O^T^^;;:^ 




cow J » stupid fellow ; the thick part of tho 

lug ; j/l. calvc}. 
t llf 'like, a. resembling a calf. 
C*lve, V. to bring fortti a cult 
Calv'ish, a. like a calf. 

Cal'i-ber, Cal'i-bro, to. (Ft. calibre) tho 
bore of a gun; capacity; cast; sort. 

Carijo. See Chalice. 

Cal'i-co, n. a stuff made of cotton, 
from Calicut in India. 

Calif, Caliph, to. (Ar. khalifa) a title 

of the successors of Mohammed. 
Cai'i-phate, n. the office or dignity of a caliph. 

Cal-i-|[a'tion, to. (L. caligo) darkness. 
Ca-lIg'i-nou3, a. dark ; obscure ; dim. 

Ca-lig'ra-phy, to. (Gr. kalos, qrapho) 

beautiful writing. 
Cai-i-graph'ic, a. relating to beautiful writing. 

Cal-i-pash', Cal-i-pee', to. terms of 

cookery in dressing turtle. 
Cal'i-ver, to. (Fr. calibre) a liand-gun. 
Calix, Ca'lyx, TO. (L.) a flower-cup. 

Calk, cak, v. (S. ccele) to stop the leaks 

of a ship. 
Cfilk'er, n. one who calks. 
Calk'ing-l-ron, «. a chisel for calking. 

Call, TO. (L. calo) to name ; to summon ; 
to convoke ; to cry out ; to make a short 
visit — n, an address; a summons; a de- 
mand ; a short visit. 

Call'er, w. one who calls. 

Call'ing, n. vocation ; profession ; trade. 

Cal-lid'i-ty, to. (L. callidus) craftiness. 

Calli-pcrj, to. pi (Fr. calibre) com- 
passes with curved legs. 

carious, a. (L. callus) hardened ; in- 
sensible; unfeeling. 
Cal-lOs'i-ty, n. a hard swelling without pain. 
Cai lous-Iy, ad. in an unfeeling manner. 
Cai'lous-ness, n. hardness ; insensibility. 

Callow, a. (S. calo) unfledged; naked. 

Calm, cam, a. ( quiet; serene; 

u:\disturbed. — n. serenity; quiet; repose. 

— .';. to still ; to quiet ; to pacify. 
C;"iln\'er, n. one that calms. 
calmly, ad. serenely ; quietly. 
Calm'ness, n. tranquillitv ; mildness. 
Calm'y, a. quiet ; peacelul. 

Cal'o-mel, n. (Gr. kalosy melas) a pre- 
paration of mercury. 

Ca-lor'ic, to. (L. calor) the principle or 

matter of heat. 
Cai-o-rlf'ic, a. causing heat. | 

Ca-13ttc', TO. (Fr.) r. coif ; a cap. 

Ca-loy'ers, to. pi. (Gr. kalos) monks of 
the Greek church. 

Cal'trop, Carthrop, n. (S. collrwppe) an 

instrument of war for wounding horses' feet. 

Cai'u-met, n. an Indian smoking pipe. 

Cal'um-ny, to. (L. calumnia) slander : 
lalie accusation. 

Ca-lara'ni-ato, v. to slander ; to accuse bimH 
Ca-lQm-ni-a'tii)n, n. false accusation. 
Ca-lQm'ni-a-tor, n. a slanderer. 
Ca-lQm'ni-a-to-ry, a. false ; slanderous. 
Ca-lQm'ni-ous, a. falsely reproachful. 
Ca-lQm'ni-ous-ly, ad. in aslanderous mannen 
Ca-lQm'ui-ous-ness, n. slanderous accusation, 

Cai'vin-ism, n. the doctrine of Calvith 
Cal'vin-ist, n. a follower of Calvin. 
Cal-vin-ls'tie, Cal-vin-ls'ti-cal, a. relating to 

Caix, TO. (L.) lime or chalk ; powder 

made by burning : pi. cai'f es. 
Cal-ca're-ous, a. of the nature of lime or chalk. 
Cai'9ine, v. to burn to a calx or powder. 
Caryi-na-ble, a. that may bo calcined. 
Cal'f i-nate, v. to burn to cals or powder. 
Cai-fi-na'tion, n. the act of calcining. 

Cam'bric, to. a kind of fine linen, from 
Cambray in Flanders. 

Came, p. t. of come. 

Cam'el, to. (L. camel us) an animal com- 
nion m Arabia and other eastern countries. 

Came'lot, Cam'let, n. a stuff made of camel's 
hair, or wool and silk. 

Cam'cl-o-pard,n. (L. camelus.pardus) 

the giraflfc, a large quadruped. 

Cam'e-OjTO. (It.) a gem on which figures 
are engraved. 

Cam'e-ra ob-scu'ra, to. (L.) an optical 
machine used in a darkened chamber, by 
which objects without are exhibited. 

Cam-e-ra'tion, to. (L. camera) a vault- 
ing or arching. 

Cam-i-sa'do, to. (Fr. chemise) an attack 
made in the dark. 

Cam'o-mlle, to. (Gr. chamai, melon) a 

plant. ' 

Camp, TO. (L. campus) the order of tents 
for an army ; an army enrcamped.— v to 
fix tents ; to lodge in tents. 

Cam-paign', cap^.-pan', n. a large open coun- 
try ; the time an army keeps the field in 
one year.— V. to serve in a campaign. 

Cam-pfis'tral, a. growing in fields. 

Cam-pan'i-fOrm, a. (L. campana) in 

the form of a bell. ^ 

Cam'phor, Cara'phire, n. (L. camphora) 

a solid white gum. 
Cam'phire, v. to impregnate with camphire. 
Cam'pho-rate, Cam'pho-ra-tcd, a. impreji- 

nated with camphor. 

Can, V. (S. cunnan) to be able ; to 
have power : p. t. could. 

Can, TO. (S. canna) a vessel for liquor. 
Can'a-kin, n. a little can ; a small cup. 

Ca-naillo', ca nail', to. (Fr.) the rabble. 

Ca-nal', to. (L. canalis) a water-courso 
made by art ; a duct. 

Ca-na'ry, to. wine brought from the Ca^ 
nary islands ; a smging bird ; an old danco, 

Can'ccL tu (Tj, cancelli) to hlotout : ta 
efface ; to obliterate. > - 

lube, <i\b, fail; cry.srypt.mjhrh; tail, bOy, flttr, nOw, new ; ?ed8, gem, ralje, e^lrt, tJUa, 




Can'^eMa-tcd. a. marked with cross lines. 

C5n'5cr,n. L.) a crab-ilsh ; one of tho 

signs of tht rodiac ; a virulent sore. 
lj.1n cer-ate, t. to grow cancerous. 

Ciin'dcnt, a. (L. candeo) hot : clowinc 
with heat. ° 

Can'did, a. (L, candidus) fair : open : 
frank; ingenuous; Bincere. 

/.^"r'^.'^''^' "*'• ^^'''y 5 0P«nlyJ frankly. did-ness, n. frankness ; ingenuousness, 
can dour, n. openness; frankness; fairness, 
can di-date,H, one who compotes for an office. 

Can'dio, n. (L. candela) a light made 
of wax or tallow. ^ » *"auv 

JI?"^'!!®"!''^''^'^'"* "• °"<5 ''ho holds a candle. 

CAn dle-llKht, n. the light of a candle, 

can dle-mas, n. the feast of tho purification 

Of the Blessed Virgin, formerly celebrated 

with lights. 

Can'dle-stick, n. an instrument for holding 
a candle. <> 

Can;dle-stQff, n. stuff for making candles. 

can dle-wast-er, n. one that wastes candles. 

Can'dy, V, (L.canrf^o ?) to conserve with 
sugar : to grow congealed.— n. a conserve. 

Cane, n. (L, canna) a reed ; tho sujrar- 
plant ; a walking-stick.— v. to beat. 

ca ny, a. full of canes ; consisting of canes. 

Ca-nlne', a. (L. canis) having tho pro- 
perties of a dog ; pertaining to a dog. 

Caii'i-cule, Ca-nlc'u-la, n. the dog-star. 

Ca-nlc'u-lar, a. belonging to the dog-star, 

CSn'is-ter, n. (L. canistrum) a small 
box for tea ; a small basket. 

Cank'er, n. (L. cancer) a worm ; a 
«iisea8e m trees; a corroding ulcer; any 
thing that corrupts or consumes.— ». to 
corrupt : to decay ; to infect. 

cank ered, a. crabbed ; morose. 

Cilnk ered-ly, ad. croasly ; adversely. 

cank er-ous, a. corroding like a canker. 

cank er-blt, a. bitten by an envenomed tooth, 
and F'^l'"' "■ **°'''^ ^^* destroys plants 

Can'ni-bal, n. (L. canis 1) a man-eater. 

r^n'ni'K*!"!^™' «•. the eating of huniin flMh! 
Can ni-bal-ly, ad. m the manner of a cannibal. 

CSn'non, n. (L. canna) a great gun 

Can^on-ade', v. to batter with cannon.— 
ii.^n attack with cannon. 

Can-non-ier', n. one who manages cannon.— 
r. to Are upon with cannon. 

Cftn^non-ball, n, a ball for a cannon. 

can non-pr66f, a. proof against cannon. 

Clnnon-shOt, h. balls for cannon; tho dis- 
tance a cannon will throw a ball. 

CSi^'not, (can, not) a word denoting 

Ca-itoe', n. an Indian boat. 

CSn'on, n. (L.) a rule ; a law ; the 
books of Holy Scripture; a dignitu-y in 
cathedrals. ° ^ 

CSn'on-esB. n.a woman iiossesaor! nf ~ T^r^v.^-.^ 

Ca-n6n i-cal, o. according to canon ; rMii,<ba 
Ca-non i-cal-ly, ml. agreeably to canon? 
Ca-nOn i-cal-ness, n. the being canonical. 
Ca-noni-calj, «. pi, the full dress of a ciei* 

Ca-non'i-cate, n. tho office of a canao. 
can on-ist, M. one versed in canon law. 
riH^^r", ' "*^' t belonging to a canonist 
can on-ize, V. to declare a man a saint. 

r. ♦hnH^'i <^"n ""ihip, n. a benefice in a 
cathedral or collegiate church. 

^i^yV'u^'^ ^^^- ''ontps) a covering 
over ..he head.— r. to cover with » canop" 

Ca-nO'rt)us, a. (L. cano) musical. 

Cant, n. (L. cantum) a whinincr, hypo- 
critical manner of speech ; corrupt dialect • 
ai'ction.-w, to speak with a wliintag, af' 
focted tone ; to sell or bid at an aucUoc 

Cf.nt'er, n. a hypocrite. - 

Cant'mg-ly, ad. in a canting manner. 

can ti-cle, n. a song; Song of Solomon. 

oan to, n. a book or section of a poem. 

Can-zo-nt5t', n. a little song. 

Can-teen', n. (Fr. caniine) a tin jessel 
used by soldiers to carry liquors. 

Can'ter, n. {Canterbury) an easy gal- 
lop.— v. to gallop easily or gently. 

^^^l^^y^l^^h'^-P^- ^^•) Spanish Hies, 
used to raise blisters. ' 

^ifrSe^t. ^■'"" y"""'"^""*^) a piece ; 
CSn'ton, n. (Fr.) a division of a coun- 

try.— V. to divide into little parts, 
can ton-ize, ». to divide into sirall districts, 
can ton-ment, n. a division or uistrict occu- 

pied by soldiers when quartered. 

Can'vass, to. (L. cannabis) a coarse 
Hempen cloth ; examination; solicitation. 
— ». to sift; to examine; to solicit votes. 

can'vass- sr, n. one who canvasses. 

CSp, n. (S. cappe) a covering for the 

"^^ad—r. to cover the head. 
C..p per, n. one who m^kes or sells caps. 
Cap.a-pi6', a. (Fr.) from head to footT 
cap case, n. a covered case; a chest, 
cap pa-per, n. a sort of coarse paper. 
Ca'pa-ble,a. (L. capio) able to holder 

contain ; eqaal to ; qualified for. 
ca-pa-bTl'i-ty.n. the quality of being capable. 

cfS^;^ ';."'''•,"• "■? '*'**'^ °f beini capable 
Ca-pac'i-ff , V. to make capable. 

Ca-pa'f lous, a. wide ; large ; extensive. 

Ca-pa cious-ness, n. the power of holding. 

Ca-pa9'i-tate, v. to make capable. 

tJ'.^^^M^ V°°'^' "P'"'*'! power; abili- 
ty; state; character. 

Ca-par'i-son. n. (Fr. caparacon) a co- 
vermg for a horse.— v. to dress pompously. 

Cape, n. (L. capui) a headland : th« 
neck-piece of a coat or cloak. 

Ca'per, n. (L. caper) a leap ; a jumo 

— ». to dance ; to leap , iu skip. 
Ca per-er, n. one who ""pers. 
Ca'pri-61e, n. (Pr.) a leap without advan* 

ir«M.flt. fir. faUj mfi, met. thdre, Mt; pino, pin, field, fir 

I, ilr; note, not, nor, mOvej, a&ii 

CAP 65 

Ca'per, n. the bud of the caper-bush, 
used aa a pickle. 

Cap'il-la-ry, a. (L.capillus) like a hair; 

small ; ininute.'--»i. a small tube. 
Ca-pina-ment, n. a flne thread or fibre. 


CSp 1-tal, rt. (L. caput) relating to the 
head ; affecting the life; chief; principal. 
--«. the upper part of a pillar ; the chief 
city; the principal sum ; stock; a large letter. 

o.ip i-ta -ist, n, one who has capital or stock. 

C.lp i-ta -ly, ad. m a capital manner. 

cap-i-ta tion, n. numeration by heads : taxa- 
tion on each individual. 

C.lp'i-tol, n. the temple of Jupiter at Rome ; 
a tv-niple ; a public edifice. 

Ca-pit'ii-lar, n. a st.-vtuto or member of an 
ecclesiastical chapter. 

Ca-plt^u-lar-ly, ad. in the form of an eccle- 
siastical chapter. 

*^ac!idrai!' '*' '•^'""""S *» «'e chapter of 

i^iJtTf'H'M'f' "• *" ^""'•cnclcr on conditions. 
Ci-pTt-u-ia tion, n. the act of capitulating. 

Cu'pon, n. (L. capo) a castrated cock. 

^l?i^^K' i"- i^/- ''"P^ce) a monk's 
hood; the hood of a cloak. 

Ca-prico', n. (Fr.) wliim ; fancy, 
ta-prl C10U3, a. whimsical ; fanciful. 
Ca-pn cious-ly, ad. whimsically. 
C'a-prl 9ious-ness, m. whimsicaliiess. 

Cap'ri-corn, n. (L. caper, cornu) one 
01 the signs of the zodiac. 

Cap-ri-fi-cn^tion, n. (L. caper, Jicus) a 
method of ripening figs, » y»i- «o y «, 

C?p-sl2e', V. to upset ; to ovefturn. 

Cap'|tan, n. (Fr. cahestan) a machine 
to draw up a great weight. 

Cap'sule, n. (L. capsula) the seed ves- 
sel of a plant. 

tap su-late, Cap'su-la-ted, a. inclosed. 

Cap'tain, n. (Fr. capitaine) the com- 
mander of a ship, a troop of l-orse, or a 
company of foot ; a chie:. 

tap tain-9y, n. the office of a captain. 

Cap'tam-rv, n. chieftainship. 

tap tain-ship n. the rank or post of a cap- 
tain ; skill in warfare. ^ 

Cap'tion, n. (L. capittm) the act of 

taking by a judicial process. 
Cap-ta'tiou, n. the act of catching favour. 
rKus'.v- "l^^y^'^Stitf.xuhs; fpt to cavil, 
ri^.-^ ^ ^' "**• "? ^ captious manner, 
tap tious-ness, «. inclination to ffr.i •■ r 
cap ti-vate, V. to tike prisoner; chrs;' 
Cap-ti-va'tioii. H. the act of capV-atk * 
Cap tivo. »i. one taken iu war ; oue d .; toed. 

—ii. made prisoner. > " "' -.uieu. 

I', to take as a prize, 


i^inATf r''" " "^°°' '^^ ^'^'^' of friars; a 
.tind of pigeon. ' 

Car, n. (L. carntsya small carriace of 

burden ; a chariot of war or triumBhr 
Carman, n. a driver of a Okr. 

Car'a-bine, Car /;inc, n. (Fr. carabine^ 
a short gun. ' 

Car-a-bin-eer', «. a sort of light horseman, 
Car'ack, n. (Sp. caraca) a large ship. 

Car'at, Car'act, n. (Gr. keration) % 
weight oi four grains; a weigh: that ex« 
presses the fineness of gold. 

Car-a- van', n.( Ar.) a body of traveilera. 
tar-a-van'sa-ry, n. a house for travellers. 

Car'a-yel, Car'vel, n. (Sp. caravela) % 
sort of ship. ' 

Car'bon, n. (L. carlo) pure charcoal, 
tar-bo-na fcoiis, a. containing carbon. 
tar-bOn ic, «. pertaining to carbon, 
tar-bo-na'do, n. meat cut across to be broil- 
?he°c"o 1 " *'°^'''*~''- *° <="' ^0' broiling oa 
Carbun-clc, n. a rod gem ; a pimple, 
tarbun-cled, a. set with carbuncles. 

Car'ca-net, n. (Fr. nurcan) a chain or 
collar of jewels. vxia.u vi 

Car'cass, n. {Fr.curcasse) a dead body. 

Car'9c-ral, a. (L. career) bclonerirc to 
prisons. ** 

Card, n. (L. charta) a painted, paper 
used for games; a paper containing an 
address ; a note. * 

Gardner, n. one who i. nys at carets. 

r?!!^''"?? "■ "'® ''*^' °^ P'aying r,t cards, 
tard mak-er, n. a maker of ca?ds. 

r?!:^''^;*'!' "• • •'''''® ^°' P'^y'^ff cards, 
t, iJ^^^H' u' •* P'^™ "^ card dipped in 
melted sulphur. 

Card, «. (L. cAro) to comb wool ; to 
mingle I to disentangk.— instrument 
^ for combing wool. 
Card'er, n. one who cr.rds wool 

Car'dl-ac, Car-dl'a-cal, a. (Gr. kardia) 
pertaining to the heart. ' 

Car'di-al-gy, «. the heart-bum. 

Car^di-nal, a. (L. cardo) principal ; 
chief.— n, a dignitary in the Romish church, 
next in rank to the pope ; a woman's .jloak! 

'^■"ftar£l'^''^''-'"'"^'P' "• *»>«««<=• 

Care, n. (S car) anxiety ; cautiwi : 
charge.— V. to be anxious ; to have a reJ 
gard to ; to be inclined. 

Care'ful, a. anxious ; provident ) watchful. 

C.refu iy, ad. heedfnlly; providently. 

v.areful-ness, n. heedfulness; anxiety. 

tare ess, a. having no care ; heedless. 

Carcless-ly, ad. without care; negligently. 

Care'less-ness. «. heedlessness; atglLnce. 

Cure'crSzed, a. broken with tare. 

tare'tuned, a. mournful, 

Ca-regn', v. (L. carina) to lav a vesseJ 
ou one side, in order to repair thi oAher. 
j Ca-recr, n. (ir. cmHtre) a course; 
I race; speed — «. to move rapidly. 

'flbo.tQb,f(ill| cr?,crypt.m^rh5 tCll, b0t.6Qr,n6w,„ew; ^^o^^^^^^^^^^i^;^^^^;^ 




CSr'en-tanc, 71, (Fr. qnarantnme) a 
papal IndiilKvnce, multiplying the rcmis- 
uion of peiiunuu by fortius. 

C-v-rCss', V. (li. cams) to fondlo ; to 
t>iiil)rftco with affection.— », an act of en- 

Ca'rct, ri- (li.) a mark Ca) which shows 
where aomotliing interlined should bo read. 

CAr'go, n. (L. carrus \) the lading of a 

CSr-i-ca-turo', n. (It. caricalura) a lu- 
dicrous painting or tlcscription.— v. to ridi- 
cule ; to represent ludicrously. 

Cftf-l-ca-tQ'rist, n. one who caricatures. 

Cil'ri-es, n. (L.) rottcauosa of a bono. 
CTri-oHS, a. rotten. 
Ca-ri-Os'i-ty, n. rottenness. 

C:vr-miu'a-tivo, a. (L. carmtn) expel- 
ling wind.— n. a medicine that expels wind. 

CArk, V. (S. care) to bo anxious. 
Carl;'ing, n. anxiety ; care. 

Carle, n. (S. ceorl), a strong rv. !ii man. 

Cilr'inino,n. (Fr. carmin) a bright rod 
or crimson colour. 

Car'nal, a. (L. caro) fleshly; lustl'il. 
CAr'nal-ist, n. one given to carnality. 
Car-nal'i-ty, n. tteshly lust ; sensuality. 
Ciir'nal-lzo, !•. to debase to carnality. 
<Jar'nal-ly, ad. according to the ttesli. 
Car'nage, tu slaughter ; havock. 
Car-na'tion, n. a flesh colour; a flower. 
C'ftr'ne-ous, Car'nous, a. fleshy. 
Car'ni-f?, V. to breed or form "flesh. 
Car-nlv'o-rous, a. flesh-eating. 
Ciir-nOs'i-ty, n. fleshy excrescence. 
Oar'nal-mlnd-ed, a. worldly-minded. 
CAr'nal-mlnd-ed-ness, n. grossness of mind. 
Car-nd'ian, n. a precious stone. 
Car'ni-val, n. a popish feast before Lent. 

Ca-ro9ho', n. (It. carrozza) a sort of 

CSr'ol, n. (It. carola) a song of joy 

and exultation.— w. to biiig; to warble. 
Oar'ol-inj:, n. a song of devotion ; a hymn. 

Ca-rot'id, a. (Gr. karos) a term applieti 
to the two arteries which convey the blood 
from the aorta to the brain. 

Ca-rSfije', v. (Fr. carrottsse) to drink 

largely ; to revel.— n. a drink-ng match. 
Oa-rOO'^, n. a festival ; a revelling. 
Ca-rOQ'jer, n. a drinker ; a toper. 

Carp, n. (Fr. carpe) a pond fish. 

Carp,t>. {Lxarpo^ to find foult ; to cavil. 
Cdrp'er, n. a caviller ; a censorious nuvn. 
Carp'ing, a. captious ; censorious.— n. cavil ; 

censure ; abuse. 
Carp'ing-ly, <«'. captiously ; censoriously. 

Gar'pen-ter,n. (L.carpentum) a work- 
er m wood ; a builder of houses or ships. 
Clr'peu-try, n. the trade of a carpenter. 

Car'pet. n. {Cairo, It. tapeto ?) a cov- 
ering ifor the floor.— 1». to spread with 

CSr'ri-on, n. (L. caro) dead putrefyinjf 
flosh.~a. relating to carcasses ; feeding oa 


Crir'rot,n.(Fr. caro/^c) an esculent root 
CVrot-y, a. like a carrot In colour. 

Cfir'ry, v. (L. carpus) to bear ; to con- 
vey ; to transport ; to effect ; to behave. 

Car'ria^e, cflr'rij, n. the act of carrying ; a 
vehicle; behaviour; manners. 

CAr'ri-er, n. one that carries. 

C.1rt;»>. a carriage with two wheels for luggage. 
—I'. 10 carry or place in a cart. 

CAi'i/a^rc'i n. act of carting, or charge for it. 

CArt'cr, n, one who drives a cart. 

CArt'er-ly, a. like a airter ; rude. 

Cftrt'fQl, H, as much as Alls a cart. 

CArt'hOrso, n. a horse that draws i\ rnrt. 

C.lrt'lOadj »». as much as loads a cart. 

Cftrt'rOpc, M. a strong cord. 

Cftrt'.ot, H, thcf track of a wheel. 

Cilrt'w.-y. »i. a way for a carriage. 

Cart'wrlqht, «. a maker of carts. 

Car'tcl, 71. (L. charta) an agreement 
for the exchange of prisoners ; a ship com 
missioned to exchange prisoners. 

Car-tOOn', n. a drawing on largo paper. 

Car-toOfh', n. a case for powder and ball. 

'":ir'tridj;o, n. a paper case contaiuitig the 
■; iiargo of a gun. 

CAr'tu-la-ry, n. a register; a record. 

Car-tc'sian, a. relating to the philoso- 
phy of Dcs Cartes.— n. a follower of l)ui 

Car'ti-lago, n. (L. cartilago) gristle. 
C4r-ti-lfl^'i-nous, a, consisting of gristle. 

Cfir'un-cle, n. (L. caro) a small pro- 
tuberance of flesh. 
Ca-rQn'cu-la-ted, a. having a protuberance. 

Curve, V. (S. ccorfan) to cut into elo- 
gant forms ; to cut meat at table ; to hew. 
Curv'er, «. one who carves ; a sculptor. 
Carv'ing, n. the act of carving; sculpture. 

Cas-cfido', n. (L. casuni) a waterfall. 

Case, 11. (Fr. caisse) a covering; a box; 

a sheath.— V. to put in a case ; to cover. 
Cls'lng, n. the coveiing of any thing. 
C.ase'h.-ir-den, v. to harden on the outside. 
Otlse'knlfo, n. a long kitchen knife. 
Case'shOt, n. bullets inclosed in a case. 
Caso'worm.n. a worm that makes itself a case. 

Case, n. (L. casum) condition ; state ; 

contingence ; question ; a cause or suit iu 

court ; an inflection of nouns. 
Cilj'u-al, a. accidental ; not certain. 
C.1j'u-al-ly, ad. accidentally ; without design- 
Cl/u-al-ty, n. accident ; chance. 

Cfiso'mate, n. (It. casamatta) a kind of 
vault or covered arch-work. 

Case'mcnt, n. (It. casamento) a win- 
dow that opens on hinges. 

Ca'se-ous, a. (L. casctis) resembling 
cheese; cheesy. 

Ca'gern, n. (Fr, caserne) a lodeincfor 

Wte, fat, far, faU ; mc, met, thijre, hir ; i.ino, pTn. flcM, fir; nOte, nOt, n?r, mflve, stej 




■oldler* between tlio houses of ii town mid 
the ruuipurts 

CSsh, n. (Fr. cnis/te) money ; ready 
money.-^. to turn into nionoy: to pay 
money for. 

Cn-Mct', n. one who has the charge of money. 

CAsh kcop-er, n. ono Intrusted with money. 

Ca-shier', v. (Fr. oaiate) to diamisa 

Crom a post ; to discard, 
cask, 71. (Fr. caqrie) a barrel. 
CiJsli'ot, n. a small box for jewels. 

cask, CSsquo, n. (Fr.) a helmet. 
CSs'si-a, n. (L.) a sweet spico ; a tree. 

Cas'sock, n. (Fr. casaque) a loose coat : 

a vestment worn by clergymen. 
Cus'so-wa-ry, n. a largo bird. 

cast, V. (Dan. kaster) to throw; to lliuff : 
to scatter ; to condemn ; to compute: to 
p. '^m '^'' ^'^ '^'"^'■P' <• and 

cast, n. a throw ; a mould ; a shade : air or 
mien ; a. small statue. 

^^^■*'W "-.?"*! yj'" ''"'*'' a sma" Ijo^ or 
phial for the table ; a kind of small wheel. 

Cftst mg, ?». the act of throwing or foundinir. 

CSst'lmg, n, an abortion. * 

Cast'a-wily, n. an abandoned person : a ro- 
probate.— «. rejected ; useless. 

Cast'ing-nCt, n. a net to be thrown. 

cnst ing-vote, n. the vote .vhich casts the ba- 
lance when opinions are equally divided. 

CSstjCasto, ra.(Sp. casta) a race ; a tribe. 

Cus'ta-net, n. (Sp. castanetd) a small 
shell of ivory or wood, which dancers use 
to keep tune with when they dance. 

Cas'ti-gate, t;. (L. castigo) to chastise. 

cas-ti-ga'tion, n. chastisement; correction. 

CAs ti-ga-tor, n. ono who corrects. 
Cas'ti-ga-to-ry, a. tending to correct. 

Cas'tle, cas'sl, n. (S. castet) a fortiiicd 

house; a fortress. 
Cils^tej-lan, n. the governor of a castle. 
Cas te - a-ny, n. the lordship of a tastle. 

rt^ZA^^A'^A a<Joi:"t'd with battlements. 

Oas t ed, cfts'slod, o. having castles. 

cas tle-ry, Caa'tel-ry, n. the government of 

a castle. 
Cftst'jet, n. a small castle. 
Cas'tle-bulld-cr, «. one who forms visionary 

Cls'tle-bulW-ing, w. the act of building cat- 
ties m the air. * 

Cas'tor, n. (L.) a beaver. 

the art or practice of encamping. 

Cps'trato, V. (L. castrd) to geld. 
Cas-tra'tion, n. the act of gelding. 
Oas'trel, n. a kind of hawk. 
Ca^'u-al. Seo under Case. 

Ca^'n -ist. n. (L. casm) ono who studios 
and lettlea cases of conscience, 
wrfe''"'""*^^' "■ '■'^''"'"S '° <=a8e3 of con- 

Cat, 71, (S.) a domestic animal. 

^'?.'r°/"?""'''*"?' "• a wliip with nine lasbM 
cat 8 paw, n. the dupe of an artful porajn. 
Cat^a-iu6&n-tain, n. a wild cat. 
Cat'cal, Cat'pipe, n. a squeaking instrumeni 
Jj"l/°!1'7""'' "• *° ""'•"' a noise like cats, 
cat got, n. a string for musical Inatrumonta I 

a liind of linen or canvass. 
Cat'khi, n. a sort of flower. 

Cat-a-bSp'tist.n.. (Gr.Ara/o, bapto) one 
opposed to baptism. /'.»/«« 

Cat-ffl-chrCsis, n. (Gr. kata, chresie) 

the abuse of a trope. 
Oat-a-chrCs'ti-cal, a. forced; far-fetched. 
oat-archrCs'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a forced manner 

Cat'a-olyjm, n. (Gr. kata, kluzo) a 
deluge ; an inundation. 

Cat'a-cOmb, n. (Gr. kata, kumlos) a 
cave for the burial of the dead. 

Cat'a-dQne, n. (Gr. kata, doupos) a 
waterfaU ; one who lives near a waterfall. 

Cat'a-iep-sy, n. (Gr. kata, lepsis) a 
Kind ofapoplexy. 

Cat'a-loguo, n. (Gr. kata, logos) a list. 
—V. to make a list of. »•>''"' 

Xj , a. iiic science oi a uisulst. 

Ca-tal'y-ais, n. (Gr. Aato, lusts) disso- 

Cafa-phrSct, n. (Gr. kata, phraklos) 
a horseman in complete armour. 

Cat'a-plajm, n. (Gr. kata, plasso) a 
poultice ; a soft plaster. 

Cat'a-pult, n. (Gr. A-nta, pgtVe) a mili- 
tary engine for throwing atones. 

Cat'a-ract, n. (Gr. kata, raktos) a wa- 
terfall ; a disorder in the eye. 

Ca-tarrh', ca-tar', n. (Gr. kata, rheo) 
a disease in the head and throat. 

Ca-tarrh'al, Ca-ttohfous, a. relaWng to a 
catarrh. ^ b « « 

(Jataa'tro-plic, n. (Gr. kata, strophe) 
a final event J aclamity. 

Cat9h,u. {(3,v.ka:.u,echo 1) to lay hold on ; 

to seize : p. t. and p. p. caught or catchcd. 
oatf h, n. seizure ; an advantage ; a snatch • 

any tiling that catches ; u VJnd of song, 
catch'a-ble, a. liable to be caught. 
Cat(;h'er, n. ono who catches. 
Cati:h'p6n-ny, n. a worthless publication. 
Cutfh'poll, n. a ; a bumbaililf. 
cat9h'word, n. a word under the last lino oi 

a page repeated at the top of the next. 

Cat9h'up, Oat'sup, n. a liquor made 
from boiled mushrooros. 

Cat'e-chlje, v. (Gr. kata, echeo) to in- 
struct by questions and answers: to auc*. 
tion ; to interrogate. 

Cat'e-chlj-er, n, cue who catechises. 

cat o-chlj-ing, n.interroeatiou; examination. 

cat e-chijm, n. a book of questions and an- 


Cat'e-chist.n. one who instructs by questions, 
Cat-e-clns'ti-cal, a. instructing by questions 

Cat-e-ChlS tl-cal-lv. tui. hv nnpsf i.-in unA „__ 

swer. " ' "* '^~ 

lObe.tOb.failj cry. crypt, mj-rih; tOll.boy Car.nOw.ncw; ?cde,sem.rai«e, c^ist,"^ 




Olt-e-cfaMIc, Cat-e-chet'1-cal, a. consisting 
of question and answer. 

Cflt-e-chet'1-cal-ly, ad. by question and an- 

Cat-e-cha'men, n. one who is yet in the ni- 
dlaients of Christianity ; a pupillittlo ad- 

CSt'e-go-ry, n. (dr. kata, agora) a 

series of iaeas ; % class ; a predicament. 
CAt-e-gftr'i-cal, a. absolute ; positive. 
Cat-e-gOr'i-cal-ly, ad. directly ; expressly. 

CSt-e-na'ri-an, a. (L. catena) relating 

to a chain. 
Cat-e-nft'tlon, n. regular connexion. 

Ca'tor,«. (Fr. acheter ?) to providofood. 
Ca'ter-er, n. a provider ; a purveyor. 
Cu'ter-ess, n. a woman who provides food. 
Gates, n. jpl. food ; viands ; dainties. 

Cat'er-pil-Iar, n. an insect ; a grub. 

CStti'a-rist, n. (Gr. katharos) one who 

pretends to great purity. 
Ca-tnar'tic, Ca-thAr'ti- 

Ca-tnar'tlc, Ca-thAr'ti-cal, a. purgative. 
•Cp. tMr'tic, n. a purging medicine. 

Ca-t!i5'dral, n. (Gr. kata, hedra) the 
head church of a diocese.— «. pertaining to 
tlio see of a bishop. 

Cath'e-dra-ted, a. relating to the chair or 
olfico of a teacher. 

Cath'o-lic, a. (Gr. kata, holos) univer- 
sal ; general ; lil)eral.— '». a papist. 

Ca-thori-cal, a. universal ; general. 

Ca-thori-pijin, «. adherence to the catholic 
church; utiiversjility ; liberality. 

Cath'o-lic-ly, ad. generally. 

Cath'o-lic-nesp, n. universality. 

Ca-thOl'i-con, n. a universal medicine. 

Cat-op'trics. n. (Gr. kata, optomri) 
that part of optics which treats of vision 
by reflection. 

Cat-Op't<^-cal, a. relating to catoptrics. 

Cat'tle, n. (L. capitalia ?) beasts of pas- 

Cau'dal,a.(L.cffl7/rf«)relatingto the tail. 
Ciu'date, a. having a tail. 

Cuu'dle, n. (L. calidus) a warm drink 
mixed with wine, &c— d. to mix caudle. 

Caul, n. (L. caula) a membrane 
covering the intestines ; a kind of net. 

Cauli-flSwr-er, n. (S. cawl and jlower) 
a species of cabbage. 

Cau'po-nI?e, n. (L. caupo) to sell wine 
or victuals. 

CJauje, n. (L. causa) that which pro- 
duces an effect ; a reason ; a motive ; a suit • 
a side ; a party.—*, to effect as an agent. 

CSuf'a-ble, a. that may be caused. 

Cau|'al, a. relating to a cause. 

Cau-sai'i-ty, n. the agency of a cause. 

Cau5'al-ly,ad.according to the order of causes. 

Cau-|a'tion, n. the act of causing. 

Cau'ja live, a. that expresses a cause. 

Cau'^-tive-ly, ad. in a causative manner. 

Cau-ja'tor, n. one who causes. 

Cauje'less, a. having no cause. 

Cauje'lesi-ly, ad. without cause. 

CAujoless-noss, n. state of being cwuelau. 
Cauj'er, n. one who causes. 

Cau'^ioy, CaujoVay, n. (Fr. chauisie) 
a way raised and paved. 

Cau'ter-y, n. (Gr. kaio) a burainrt,' bf 

a hot iron; a searing. 
Cau'tcr-lze, v. to burn ; to war. 
Cftu'ter-ljui, n. the application of cautery. 
Ciiu-ter-i-za'tion, n. the act of cauteriiing. 
Ciios'tic, Caus'ti-cal, a. burning ; corroding 
Caus'tlc, n. a corroding application. 

Cau'tion, h. (L. cautum) prudence ; 

care ; security ; warning. — v. to warn. 
Cau'tion-a-ry, a. given as a pledge ; warning. 
Cau'tious, a. wary ; watchful. 
Cau'tious-ly, ad. warily ; prudently. 
Cau'tious-ness, n. carefulness ; watchfulness. 
Ciiu'tel-ous, a. cautious ; cunning. 
Cau'tel-ous-ly, ad. cautiously ; cunningly. 

C5v'al-ry,n. (L. caballtts) horse troops. 
Cav-al-cade', n. a procession on horseback. 
Cav-a-liCr', n. a horseman ; a knight ; a gay 
military man.— n. gay ; bravo ; haughty. 
Cav-a-liOrly, ad. haughtily ; disdainfully. 

Cave, 71. (L. cavus) a hole underground ; 

a cell ; a den.— v. to dwell in a cave ; to 

make hollow. 
Cav'ern, n. a hollow place in the ground. 
Cav'erned, a. full of caverns; hollow; living 

in a cavern. 
Cav'er-nous, a. full of caverns. 
Cav'i-ty, n. hollo wness ; a hollow placew 

Ca've-at, n. (L.) intimation of caution. 

Ca-viare',ca-ver',n. the roeof tho stur- 
geon, and other large fish, salted. 

Cav'il, V. (L. cavilhr) to raise captious 
objections. — n. afalse or frivolous objection. 

Cav-il-la'tion, n. the practice of objecting. 

Cav'il-ler, n. a captious disputant. 

Cav'il-ling, n. frivolous disputation. 

Cav'il-lous, a. full of vexatious objections. 

Cav'il-lous-ly, ad. in a cavillous manner. 

Caw, V. to cry as a rook. 

Ca-ziquf>', n. an American chief. 

^ease, V. (L. cessum) to leave off; to 

stop ; to fail ; to be at an end. 
Qeaso'Iess, a. without stop ; continual, 
^ease'less-ly, ad. perpetually ; continually, 
^es-sa'tion, n. a stop ; a rest ; a pause. 

^ey'i-ty, n. (L. ccbcus) blindness, 
(^e-cu'ticn-cy, 7». dimness of sight. 
(^e'dar, n. (L. cedrus) a largo tree. 
^C'dam, ye'drine, a. belonging to tho ced&f 
^e'dry, a. of the colour of cedar. 

^ede, V. (L. cedo) to yield; to give up, 
^es'sion, n. act of yielding; retreat, 
^fis'si-ble, a. yielding ; easy to give way. 
(!68-si-bll'i-ty, n. quality of giving way. 

9eil,«. (L. c(fslum)io overlay the innoi 

roof of a building or room, 
^eil'ing, n. the inner roof. 

Gel'a-ture, n. (L. obIo) the art of en* 

graving ; tho thing engraved. 

Pate, f»t, rar, fSU; me, ui«t, there, her; pine, 

pin, field, fir ; note, nOt, nor, nidve, ste, 




(381 e-brato, v. (L. celebro) to praiso ; 

to extol ; ta honour ; to mako famous ; to 

distinguish by solomn rites. 
^Cl-e-bra'tion, n. the act of celebrating; 

praiso; renown. 

?ere-bra-tor, n. one who celebrates, 
o-lfib'ri-ty, n. fame ; rcnowu ; distinction. 

^0-ler'i-ty, n, (L. celer) swiftness. 

^gl'er-y, n. a spccioa of parsley. 

9c-12st'ial, a. (L. caelum) heavenly. 

^'eli-ac, a. (Gr. koilia) pertaining to 
the lower belly. 

9eri-ba-9y, n. (L. Calebs) single life : 

unmarried sUite. 
Qel'i-bate, n. single life. 

Cell, n. (L. cella) a small, close apart- 

ment ; a cavity ; a rave. 
VCrlar, n. a place under ground for stores. 
(JCl'Iar-af e, n. cellars ; space for cellars. 
<;enar-er, n. one who has charge of a cellar, 
(^ei'lu-lar, a. consisting of little cells. 

^el'si-tudo, n. (L. celsus) height. 

9em'ent,7i. {L.camentum) a substance 

which makes bodies unite ; mortar. 
^e-m6nt', v. to unite ; to cohere. 
^Cm-en-ta'tion, n. the act of cementing. 
(,'e-m6nt'er, n. one tiiat cements. 

^em'e-tcr-y, n. (Gr. koimeterion) a 

place where the dead are buried. 
^em-i-t6'ri-al, a. relating to a cemetery. 

9o-na'tion, n. (L. cana) tho act of 

supping; a meeting for supper. 
V6n'a-to-ry, a. relating to supper. 

^en'o-by, n. (Gr. koinos, bios) a place 

where persons live in community. 
^Cn'o-blte, n. one who lives in community. 
9Cn-o-blt'i-cal, a. living in community. 

^'en'o-taph, n. (Gr. kenos, taphos) a 
monument for one buried elsewhere. 

^ense, v. (L. candeo) to perfume. 

(^Cn'ser, n. a vessel for burning perfumes. 

^en'sor, n. (L.) an officer at Rome, 
whose business it was to register persons 
and property, and to correct manners: 
one who finds fault ; a scrutinizes 

Ven-sO'ri-al, a full of censure ; severe. 

Cen-s6'ri-an, a. relating to a censor. 

^en-so'ri-ous, a. addicted to censure ; severe. 

^en-sO'ri-ous-ly, ad. in a censorious manner. 

^en-sO'ri-ous-ness, n. disposition to find fault. 

^Cn'sor-ship, n. the office of a censor. 

•^en'sure, n. blame ; judgment ; judicial sen- 
tence.— v. to blame ; to condemn. 

Ven'su-ra-ble,a.deserving censure ; blamable. 

'^fln'su-ra-ble-ness, «. fitness f o be censured. 

jfin'su-rer, n. one who censures. 

(JCn'su-ring, n. blame ; reproach. 

^ense, »i. a public rate ; a tax ; rank. 

^Cn'sus, n. an oflicial cinuneratiou of tho 
Inhabitants of a country. 

P-£n'8U-al, a. rel.itintr to the census* i 


^2nt, n. (L. centum) a hundred ; m 

American copper coin, 
(jent'upe, «. rate by the cent or hundred. 
(^'Cn'te-na-ry, n. the number of a hundred. 
Ccn-t6n'ni-al, a. c jnsisting of a hundred yean 
<Jen-te«'i-ma!, a. the hundredth. 
Q!on-tll'o-quy, n. a hundred-fold discourse. 
Cen'ti-pcde, n. a poisonous insect. 
9Cn'tu-ple, a. a hundred fold.— v. to inultlcl* 

a hundred fold. 
9en-tQ'pli-cate, v. to mako a hundred fold. 
<jen-tQ'ri-a-tor, ^On'tu-ritt, n. a historian 

who distinguishes time by centuries, 
^en-tu'rion, n. a Roman military officer, 

who commanded a hundred men. 
^fin'tu-ry, n. a period of a hundred years. 

^en'taur, n. (Gr. kenteo, tauros) a 
fabulous being, half man half horse. 

^Sn'to, n. (L.) a composition formed 
of passages from various authors. 

^en'tre, n. (Gr. kentron) the middle 
point.— V. to place on a centre ; to collect 
in a point. 

^fin'tral, a. relating to the centre. 

Cen-trai'i-ty, n. the state of being 

yCn'tral-ly, ad. with regard to the centre. 

Cen'tric, CCn'tri-cal, a. placed in the centre 

yen^tri-cal-ly, ad. in a centrical situation. 

Cen-trlf u-gal, a. flying from the centre. 

^en-trlp'e-tal, a. tending to the centre. 

^e-phal'ic, a. iGv.kephalc) pcrtaininfr 
to the head. ^ /r a 

9e-ras'tcs, n. (Gr.) a serpent having 
horns. ° 

^cre. V. (L. cera) to cover with wax.— 
n. the naked skin on a hawk's bill. 

Ce rate, n. an ointment of wax, oil, fj.c. 

^ere'ment, <;;orc'clOth, n. cloth dipped in 
Wivx or glutmous matter. 

ye're-ous, a. waxen ; like wax. 

^e-rQ'men, n. the wax of the ear. 

9er-e-a'Ii-ous, a. (L. ceres) pertaining 
to com. ** 

9er'e-brum, n. (L.) tho brain. 
Cfir'e-bral, a. pertaining to the brain. 
^Sr'o-bel, n. part of the brain. 

9£r'e-mo-ny, n. (L. cceremonia) out- 
wwd form in religion, state, or civility. 

yer-e-mo'ni-al, a. relating to ceremony.— 
n. outward form or rite. 

^er-e-raCni-al-ly, ad. according to ceremony. 

^er-e-mo'ni-ous, a. full of ceremony ; formal 

(j'er-e-mO'ni-ous-ly, ad. formally. 

^gr'rus, n. (L.) the bitter oak. 
(JSr'ri-al, a. relating to tho cerrus. 

Cer'tain, a. (L. certus) sure; resolved; 

undoubting; unfailing; regular; some. 
<;er'tain-ly, ad. without doubt ; without fiiiL 
^t5r'tain-ty, n. exemption from doubt or fail- 

ure; that which is real ; truth; fact. 
Ver tcs, ad. certainly ; in truth, 
(^er'ti-fy, v. to give certain information oL 

Ycr-ttfl-cate, n. a tcsiiaiony in «TiiiEg, 

lObe. tab. fQU ; cr?, erf pt, m Jrrh ; toil, boy, Oflr, nOw, new ; vede, pm, rai|e, ejist, tfii* 




Wr-tl-fl-ca'tlon, R, tho act of certifying, 
^er'tl-tude, n. freedom from doubt. 

9o-»''1'}o-an, (;^o-rnae-ous, a. (L. carw 

leu3) IjUjo ; sky-coloured. 
yCr-u-lWic, a. producing a bluo colour. 
Ce'rQse, n. (L. ccrnssa) white lead. 
9e'rQ3cd, a. washed with white lead. 

^^r'vi-cal, a. (L. cvrvia.) bolou«in<j to 
theneelf. m a » 

CJe-fia'ro-aii.rt. (L.Ca^sar) tlio Cesarean 
operation i.s tho act of cutting tlio diild out 
01 tho womb. 

?*8j;J>i-ti'tiou3, a. (L. cespes) made of 

C'fiss, n. {assess ?) a rate.— 1>. to rato. 
<je88'or, n. a taxcr ; an assessor. 
9e8-su'tion. Seo under Ceaso. 

^gs'sion. See under Cede, 
^es'tus, n. (L.) tho girdle of Venus. 
^Csure. Seo Cajsura. 

(^hafo, V. (Fr. chauffhr) to warm by 
rubbing; to fret; to mnlio angry,— m. i 
^ fret ; a rage. ' 

V'haf'ing-dlsh, n. a portable grato for coals. 
Chafer, ». {S.cenfur) a sort of beetle. 
^huff, n. (S. ccaf) tho husks of grain. 
^hafTIess, a. witliout cliafT. 
Chaffy, a. full of cliaff ; lilto chaff. 
V^haf'tinph, n. a bird said to liko chaff. 
^haf'fer,w. (S. ceapian ?) to treat about 

Ch^^l^^^' tp'iw; to buy; to exchange. 
9haffer-y, n. tratSc; buying and selling. 

Cha-grin', sha-grin', n. (Fr. ^haarin) 
lU humour; vexation.— v. to vex ; to tease. ' 

9hain, n. (L. catena) a series of con- 
nected links or rings ; a bond ; a fetter— 
tf. to fasten or bind with a chain ; to cn- 
slave ; to unite. 

^hain'pQmp, n. a pump used in large ships. 

^ain'shOt, n. bullets fastened by a chain. 

^ain'wtirk, n. work with links like a chain. 

9hair,n. (Fr.cAaJre) a moveable scat : 
a seat of Justice or authority ; a sedan. 

Vnair man, n. the president of an assembly : 
one who carries a sedan. ' ' 

Chaise, shaz, n. (Fr.) a light carriage. 

Chai'5e-do-ny, n. Whalcedon) a pre- 
cious stone. / ui iti-y^ 

^S;^^^'''^;^]'^' "• ^^J"- chalkos, gra- 
pko) the art of engraving on brass. 

Chal'dee, a. relating to Chaldea. 

<?haI'dron, fha'dron, n. (Fr. chaudron) 
a coal moasure of thirty-six bushels. 

^hai'ipo, n. (L. caliw) a cup ; a bowl. 

Vlial iped, a. having a cup or cell. 

Clialk, 9hak, n. (S. cealc) a white cal- 
careous rub or mark witli chalk. 

)?hr I /^ w '^'""''^""ff 0' chalk ; like ohalk. 
X - ,V"'-*"' "• » n^n W'o digs chalk. 
Uiu k pit. „. ft pit in which chalk l.s duf. 
Vhulk stone, n. a small piece of chalk, 
^.'hanon^o.v. (L.calumnior?) to call t« 
acontcst; to accuse; to object; to.Inim- 

(,; la cnjrc-a-ble, a. that may be chaUunged. 
Vhiil Ien-g(.r, „. one who challenges. 

Clin ]yb'c-an,a. (Gr.chnlvps) relating 
CIm ,'^',"' "'/'eel well wrought or te.Bpor>>dr 
Cha-lyb e-ato, a. impregnated with Iron. 

ChanijM. (P.) the sovereign of T.irtary. 

^ioJ^^''"'' ^j'''^-ni''»J'. "■ (Fr.) the boat 
of the drum for a parley or a surrender. 

^ham'bor, n. (L. camera) an apart- 

2ZLV.T''''u •"•yy °- court.-». to 
rjfw. P •** '" "■ i*"*'"'"''- ! to bo wanton, 
gham ber-cr, n. a man of intrigue. 

^han.'ber-ing, n. intrigue; want, nness. 
Vhambcr-lain, n. an overseer ci * ho cham- 
bers ; an ofticor of state. 
V'j^^gjer-lain-ship, n. the office of cham- 

^ham'ber-c0fln-9il, council, 
Vham'bor-cOQn-se;. >i. a counsellor who -ives 

his opinion in private. 
(?ham'ber-f01-low, n. one who sleeps in the 

8.amo .ipartmciit. ^ 

^'cl',?i'nn'.!?'i^'''' "• "■ '"'"■*°' *''^ has tho 
care or bedrooms. 

giiutn'ber-prac-tife. n. tho busines^^ of eoun- 
sellors who give their advice privately, 

Clia-me'lo-on, n. (Gr. chamai, lean) au 
animal of the lizard kind. ^ 

gham'for, «. (Fr. echancrer) to chan- 
nPwf ^V*x° '^^'^ column ; to wrinkle. 
<?liam'fer, ?ham'fret,n. a furrow; achannel. 

^^J^'.T'^' shrmSi, n. (Fr.) a kind of 
caUedir^." " "'""' '''*' ^°'' "^"''"•' 

Cham'o-mllo. See Camomile. 

ChSmp, y. (Gr. Icapto ?) to bito with 
tTd1vour.°°' *°''"« frequently; tocliew; 

Qhamp'er, n. a biter; a nibbler. 

Cham-pagno', sham-pan' n. a kind of 
wme from Champagne in France. 

Cham'paign, 9ham'pan, n. (L. campus) 
a Hat open country — a. open ; flat. 

^ham'per-ty,n.(L. campus,pars) main- 
tenance of a man in his suit, on condition 
of having part of tho thing, if recovered. 

tjham per-tor, n. one guilty of champerty. 

Cham-pign'on, sham-pin'yon, n. (Fr \ 
a kiud of mushroom. »'-vix.; 

9hrim'pi-qn, n. (L. campus) one who 
hghts in singl ■ combat ; a warrior ; a hero. 
— V. to challenge. 

^ham'pi-on-css, n. a female warrior. 

Chan9e, ». (L. cado) casual event: ac. 
— V "o'ha '""°"~''' '"^i'l'*^"'"S by chanca 

Pate, fat, far. fall; mc. m« th^ro ii.'.r- nr-ie i-v^ n " - T "^ ~~- 

' •'■''^' P'°®» P'^f ">-•»". nr; note, not, nor, >h6t«, ada; 

CHA 71 

(,'hin;«a-b:e, a. acci.Jental ; fortuitous. 
Vbanyt-niWlcy, n. l' j kllUug of a P'TSon 
by cbanca, 

fh.lii'Ml, n. (L. cancelli) the eastern 
part of a <? arch, wburo the altar stands. 

f hun'foj-lo n. ( r.. cancelli) a juiIl'o or 
other officer Uij presides over a court. 

J?han yel-lor-.s .. „. the ottico of chancellor. 

l^han fer-y, n. .ue high court of oqultj. 

Chan', re, Bhauk'er, n. (Fr.) a yav. 

real leer. 
(Jhftnc'roui, a. ulcerous. 

^Wndlor, n. (L. canded) ono v.ho 
nukes ana sells caiulles ; a (i- ' >•. 

Chan-de-Uer', shan-do-licr', n -anch for 

^hand'lor-ly, a. like a chandler. 

Ch.1nd'lcr-y,n.tlieartlclfis sold by a chandler. 
VhSnd'ry, n. a place where candles are kept. 

(?hau^o, «. (Fr. changer) to put ono 
thing in place of another; to alter; to make 
tiilterent— n. alteration; novelty; small 

(;iianf e'a-ble, a. subject to change ; fickle. 
Vhanj:o'a-ble-nos8, ». inconstancy; fickleness, 
^hanj^'o'ful, o. full of change; inconstant. 
(,h.injte'lc33, a. without change; constant. 
Vhan^-e'ling, n. a child left or taken in place 

of another; an idiot; one apt to change. 
Vnan ^'cr.n.ono who alters; a money-changer, 
f "un'nel, n. (L. canalis) tho hollow bed 

of run nu)g waters; a long cavity: a strait 

a furrow.— r. to cut in channels. 

ChSnt, V. (L. cano) to sing; to sine 
the church-service.- . a song ; a part oJ 
tho church-service. 

(;'hant'er, n. one who tuants ; a singer. 

(.■iiant'ress, «. a female singer. 

Cjian fry, n.a chapel for priests to sing mass in. 

', lulnt'i-clGCr, n. a cock j a loud cro wer. 

Cha'os, 71. (Gr.) a confused mass : con- 

fusioii. ' 

Cha-Ot'ic, a. resembling chaos ; confused, 
^hap, jhop, V. (S. ge-yppanl) to 
ceaye; to split; to crack.-;,, a cleft; a 
chmk; a gap. ' 

^hap, fhop, n. (S. ceafl ?) the upper or 

undar parts of a beast's mouth. 
Vhap'less, a. without fiesh about the mouth, 
^hap'fallen, a. having tho mouth shrunk. 
Chape, n. dr.) a catch; a hook ; a tip. 
c;hape'less, a. wanting . chape. 
9hSp'el,ra. (L. capella) a place of wor- 

shi^.--v. to deposit in a chapel ; to enshrine. 
Vnap el-ry, «. the jurisdiction of a chapel. 
VhSp'lain, 71. one who performs divine ser- 

r^i"^, '? *"® "■l^y *"■ "* V' <"• in a family, 
ghap'lam-yy, ghap'lain-ship, n. the office or 

business of a chaplain. 
Vhap'let, n. a small cliapel or shrine. 

Chap'e-ron,shap'c-rong,?i. (Fr.) a kind 
of hood or cap — v. to attend on a lady in 


9hXpi-tor, n. (L. caput) tho 

part or capital of a pillar, 
yhap trol, n. acapitai which supports a pillar 
^'hSli'lot, n. a garland or wreath for th« 

I' ad ; a string of beads ; a moulding. 
*' ' ''.i.*""' !'• " '''*''s'on of a lK)ok ; an assembly 

< the clui;;y of a cathedral; a decrutai 

< i)«tle.— r. to tax ; to correct, 
^'hap'a ui, n. (S. ccap, man) a doalor. 

uir, «. a kind of fish. 

t. h&r,v.(S.cerran J) to bum to a cinder. 
(^hit'cf il, n. coiil made by burning wood 
Vhdrk . i;, to burn to a blacis cinder. 
9har,n. (S. cer) work done by tlio day. 
r^iTi" '? ^'""^ "' ""Other's houso by the day. 
i.iUr'wOm-au, n. a woman wlio does char- 

Cllar'ac-ter,7^. ''ar.)aniark ; a letter; 
a personage; pumonal qualities; reputa- 
f^u^3'~*'' '** '""wibe ; to describe, 
i^har'ac-ter-ijm, n. distinction of character. 
« Ar-ac-ter-ls'tic, n. tlut which marks tho 

o-ter-Is'tic, <.:ii9r-ao-teMs'tl-caI, a. 

constituting or markniK the character. 
Char-ac-ter-ls'ti-cal-ly, ad in ;i manner that 

distmguishes the rharact 
Char-ac-ter-Ts'ti-ca' loss, v iio quality of 

being p. 'uliar to < ractcr. 
Char'.ic-ur-Ize, v. ti, give a character; to 

engrave or imprint; » ■ mark with a stau.p 

or token. "^ 

Char'ac-ter-i, , .'. without a character. 

Cha-rado', sha-rad', n. a kind of riddle , 

^hdr^e, V. (Fr. charger) to intrust; to 
impute as a debt ; to accuse ; to command ; 
to eiyom; to load; to make an onsot — 
n. care; precept; mandate; trust; accu- 
iwtion; imputation; expense; cost; onset. 

t,narf e a-ble.ti. imputable ; expensive ; costly. 

Vhar^e'a-ble-nes», ». expense ; cost. 

VhWa-bly, ad. expensively; at great cost. 

yiar less, a. cheap ; unexpensive. 

^hai r, n. a large dish ; a war horse. 

<^hii i-ly. See under Chary. 

Char'i-ot, n. (L. carrus) a carriage of 
pleasure or state ; a car formerly used in war 

Vnar-i-otGer, n. one who drives a chariot. 

^har'i-ot-raf e, n. a race with chariots. 

Char'i-ty, n. (L. cams) kindness: love: 
good will ; liberality to the poor; alms. 

Vnar'i-ta-ble, a. kind ; benevolent ; liberaL 

V'har'i-ta-ble-ness, n. disposition to charity. 

giiart-ta-bly, ad. kindly ; benevolently. 

^h.Vi-ta-tive, a. disposed to tenderpess. 

Char'la-tan, sharla-tan, n. (Fr.) a 
quack ; a mountebank ; an empiric 

^har-la-tan'i-cal, a. quackish ; ignorant 

^'har^a-tan-ry, n. wheedling ; deceit. 

9h4rles's-wain' n. (S. carles, wmn) tha 
northern constellation called theOreatBear. 

^drm, n. (L. carmen) a spell ; some* 
thing to gain tho afiections,— v. to be> 
witch ; to delight ; to subdue. 

tQbe, tab, foil; 

"?, crypt, m:?nh; toil, boy, Ottr, n6w, 

new ; f cde, ^em, rai^e, e^ist, tUa, 





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(716) 87^-4503 







jjhftnaed, p.a.enchanted ; fortiflod by chamu. 

"^ftrm er, n. one who charms ; an enchanter. 

?h4nn'fai, a. abounding with charmg. 

CMrm'ing, p. a. pleasing In the highest degree. 

\, ad 'nahighlypleasingmanner. 

J3i&r'nel, a. C caro) containing flesh. 

^h&r'nel-haose, n. a place for the bones of 
toe aead. 

UiArt, kart, n. (L. charta) a delinea- 
tion of coaate ; a map. 

\a&r'ter, n, a writing bestowing privileges.— 
f.tu establish by charter; to let or hire m 
■hip by contract. 

vMfJtered, p. a. granted by charter; hired 

^f^J«i-J»-'y. See Cartulaiy. 
Vbar'ter-I&nd, n. land held by charter. 
9hftr'ter-p4r-ty, n. a contract respecting the 
hire and freight of a ship. ^ "-""» "•" 

SS3!^' ^' i^' <^^9,^9) careful ; cautious. 
Vba'ri-ly, ad. wanly ; frugally, 
^hfi'ri-ness, n. caution ; nicety. 

9hasfl,«. (Fr. chasser) to hunt: to pur- 
8ue > to drive away.— n. hunting ; pursuit : 
ground where beasts are hunted j bore of a 
gun. ' 

Chase'a-ble, a. fit for tin chase. 
J?has'er, n. one who chases ; a pursuer. 

Cjasm, n. (Gr. ckasma) a cleft; a gap. 
Chasmed, a. having gaps or openingk ^ 
Qiaste, a. (L. castas) pure ; uncorrupt. 
Chaste'ly, ad. in «, chaste manner; purely, 
^astd'ness, n. purity ; chastity. 
9ha8'tl-ty, n. purity ; freedom from obscenity. 

Chas'ten, chas-'n, v. (L. castwo} to 
correct; to punish; to mortify. " ' " 
Vnas ten-er, n. one who corrects, 
^has-tlje', V. to correct by punishment. 
9has tice-ment, n. correction ; punishment. 
Vhas-tlj'er, n. one who chastises. 

'^St'-'J!' ^Y^' ^'^^eter) to prate; to 

^ftt'ty, a. fuU of prate ; conversing freely. 

^ ♦S» f' fu*" ^^'^^ * ""'"^ '*e birds, or with 
the teeth: to talk Mw «, «„~,i— i.. 

• *»._ r ' IL ""•"•'= " uuisB iitte c;ras, or with 

i^t,oM;K*^ ** U, "'>^ «»■ carelessly.- 
»!. noise of bu-ds ; idle prate. 

^at^ter^r, 11. an idle talker ; a prattler. 

vnat f er-ing, n. Idle or unprofitable talk. 

VnSf ter-jfii, n. an incessant talker. 

Sit^ft"' ''^^*'^' «• <Fr.) a castle. 
Chat el-la-ny, n. the district of a castle. 

^«M» **' "l^^- c^PiiaRa ?) any move- 
able property. J *"WIO 

Chfiv'en-der, n. the chub, a fish. 

%'ew!li^iheX'"^ *' "'"'*^'"*'' 


SK"''''V**"«°'P"° '»»y5 to lessen value. 
J^aapHy, od. at a small pr' -e. 

^^ap'ness, n. lown«8st)f price. 

^hCat, V. (S. ceao to defraud ; to {m, 

rjf/lil? "??"•""• **'■*"<'! a trick; a deceive* 
gheatVl)lc-ness, n. liability to bi cheated. 
VUeat'er, n. one who practises fraud. 

^^«rh^' ^^^- ^"^^'^^ *o repress ; ta 
curb; to reprove; to stop.-«: stop; r». 

Chl!:t'"kr'''' "P'^^f' a^terminch^e* 
^hCck, ^hfique, n. an order for money. 

Check'er, n. one who checks. 

X^fck^^ess, a. unrontrollable ; violent 

^^. t^^®; "•* "movement on a chess-board. 
— t'. to finish. """i"" 

^&k, n. (Fr. echec) cloth woven is 

•2««'e» of different colours. "'*''^«"» 

^vt^f' 9''^"'«'. "^ *o variegate; to di- 

rh£3'!i'7"'i? ''°*'^ ^°' chess or draughts. 
vn«k er-T, jrk, n. variegated work. 

^&theil"''"'> *^' ''^^ '^ "'' ^""^ 
Cheeked, a. brought near the cheek. 

^hff^2!?r.l' **• *•"» •'°°« o'**"' cheek. 
<?he6k'tdOta, n. the hindf ..' tooth or tusk. 

ghggr, « (Gr. chairo ?) to encourace • 
n «hT/°J*' ,*° gladden; to applaa3— ' 

vijff';fJJ.«- lively; gay; moderately joyfiiL 
ChSSr'fai-ly, ad. in a cheerful manner. 

^hf f /^'"°®'"''"-^"'"^"°'^ • S'l'cty ; alacrity. 

?^!?f f !2®'"' '^ '^'*''°"* eaiety or gladness. 
Kf f^y* «• «ay ; bri8k.--a(i. briskly. 
nKf^?'!'^^^' '^'•Sl'tly; making gay. 
9heer'i-ly, od. in good spirits. 

^S!t^' '^^ ^S. c^«^> * Jiind of food made 

by pressmg the curd of mUk. 
Vnee ^, a. havmg the nature of cheese. 
Vheeje cake, w. cake made of curds, sugar, &o 
ghcesemon-ger, ». one who deals in Sera& 
Cheese par-ing. n. therind or paring of cheese 
VhoOje press, n. a machine for pressing curd* 
Cheeje'vat, n. a wooden case for car^ 

^hefc&sh.- ^^'*- "^''^^ *^« «J*^ «f a 
Che-mise', she-mije', n, (Fr.) a shift. 
Chcm'is-try, kim'is-try, n. (Ar. ArtmJa) ' 
the science which shows' the mtuw Md 
properties of bodies. " 

K'?'S°K*"*=^' «: Pert»toh.g to cbem. 
_*«*ry.i Jnade by chemistry. 

Ph w}:?^''^' ««• by a chemical process. 
Phf" ?*!•'*• ?°« V"*"®* In chemlStryT^ 
Che-mls'ti-cal, a. rehjting to chemiitry. 

Chequ'er, yhgck'er. See under Chock. 

9he-quin'. See Zechin. 

^gr'ish, V. (L. cants) to treat with 

rhlSr^h"^'^ ' *° """« ' ^0 support ; toshelter. 
9h6r'i8h-er, n. one who cherishes. """"""' 

Cher'ish-ing, n. support; encouragement, 
^w?^' "• ^L-. <'«»•««"«) a small stono 

S"e^rJ'dd'S'°"« '" " ''"'^' "^° • 
ghfir^ry-plt, «. a child's play. 

f»^ in. ftr. fiU: «c m«. th^re. h^r , p,ne, ptn, fteld. firT^^^^i^^ii^^;;^;^, 




ChSr'so-nCsO) ». (Qr. ohersot^ nesoa) a 

^h^rt, n. (Ger. Tuarjar) a kind of flint, 
^h^rf y, a. Uke chert ; flinty. 

^her'ub, n. (H.) a celestial spirit ; an 
angel : pi, cb^r'abe or cher'u-bim. 

^he-ra'bic, Clie-ra'bl-<!ai, a. pertaining to 

yher'u-bin, n. an angel.— a. angelicaL 

(HiSr W «. (ehirp) to make a cheerful 
noise, bice a bird. 

^hSss, n. (Fr. echec) a game. 
Cheas'bOard, n. a board for playing cheu. 
C&e«r'man, n. a puppet for cbera. 
^ess'play-er, n. one wbo plays at chess. 

^'hSs'som, n. melloTf -?itth. 

^h^st, n. (S. cy«0 a large box ; the 
thorax. — p. to lay up in a west : to place 
in a coflSn. 

^hest'ed, a. having a chest 

Chest'nut, chSs'nut, n. (L. castanea) a 
tree ; a nut.— a. of a bright brown colour. 

Chev-a-lier', shgy-a-ler', n. (Fr.) a 
knight ; a gallant man. 

^gv'er-il, n. (L. caper) a kid : kid- 

Chev'ron, shgv'ron, n. (Ft.) an honour- 
able ordinary in heraldry, representing two 
rafi«rs meeting at the top. 

^hSv'roned, a. diaped like ^ chevron. 

Chew, 9h<!k, v. (S. ceotean) to crush with 

the teeth ; to masticate ; to ruminate, 
(^hew'ing, ». mastication. 

Chi-cane', shi-cfine', n. (Fr.) trick in 
law proceedings ; artifice.— 1>. to prolong a 
contest by tricks. 

Qhi-ca'ner, n. one guilty of chicanery. 

^hi-ca'ner-y, n. trickery; mean artifice. 

^hick,^ick'en,n. (S. cicen) the young 

cf a bird, particularly of a hen. 
^liTck'en-hcft/t-ed, a. timorous ; cowardly. 
(^htck'en-pAx, m, an eruptive dbease. 
^hlck'weed, n. the name of a plant 

^hlde, V. (S. cidan) to reproTO ; to 
scold ; to find fault: p. U chid w chdde ; 
p. p. f hid or fbld^den. 

(^hlde, n. murmur; gentle nois», 

(^hid'er, n. one who diidea. 

^bld'ing, n. scolding; rebuke; contention. 

^hld'ing-ly, od. in a reproving manner. 

^hisf, a. (Ft. ehef) principal ; most 
eminent— fi. a oommander ; a leader ; the 
principal part— ad. principally. 

(?hiene«8, «. without a chief! 

Clii<!nj, (Hi. principally; eminently. 

Chieftain, N. a leader ; the head of a clan. 

Cliief tahi-ry, ^ieftain^riiip, n. headship. 

vhiefage, ^ifi'vage, n. a tribute by the head. 

yhiefrie, N. a small feudal rent 

^hilTblfiin, n. {chill, blain) a swelling 
or sore caused by frost. 

9hild, n. (S. cild) an infknt ; » rerj 
young person; a descendant : o/.chll'dr«I 
'iild'hMd, n. the state of chUdren. 
illd'ish, a. like a chUd ; trifling, 
illd'ish-ly, od. in a diildish manner. 
tUd'ish-ness, n. puerility ; triflingnesa. 

!hlldaes8, a. without children. 
iIldTwar-ing, n. the act of bearing children 
illd'bed, n. state of a woman in labour, 
illd'birth, n. the act of bringing forth. 
lUdllke, a. like or becoming a child, 
ill-der-mas-day', n. the day which com- 
memorates the slaying of the children bs 

Chill-ad, n. (Gr. ehilias) a thousand. 
Chll-i-a-he'dron,n.afigure of a thousand sides. 
Chll'i-Arch, n. a commander of a thousand. 
Chll'i-4r-chy, n. a bodv of a thousand men. 
Chll'i-ast, n. a millenarian. 

C!ha-i-f Sc'tion. See nndor Chyle. 

^hill, a. (S. ceL) cold ; dull ; depress- 
ed.— «. cold; a shivering.— r. to make 
cold ; to depress. 

^llly, a. somewhat cold.— ad. coldly. 

^hllOl-ness, ^ll'ness, m. coldness ; shivering. 

^hime, n. (L. clamo ?) sound of bella 
in haknony; concord of sound.— «. tb 
loimd in hiurmcny ; to agree. 

Chi-me'ra, ». (Gr. chimaira) a wild 

Cbi-merl-cal, a. bnaglaary; fiincifiiL 

Chi-:nere', shi-m5re'. See C^ar. 

^un'ney, n. (L. caminus) a passage 
for the ascent of smoke ; a fireplace. 
9hIm'ney-cor-ner, n. the fireside, 
^hlm'ney-pic^e, n. a shelf over the fireplace; 
ghtm'ney-sweep-er, n. a cleaner of chimneys. 

9hm, n. (S. cyn) the lowest part of 

the face. 
9!ilnned, a. hav^iig a chin. 

^hi'na, n. porcelain, a species of earth- 
enware made in China. 
^-nCfe', n. the language or people of China. 

Chin'cough, ^hiu'cof,/*. (D. kind,kuch) 
the hooping cough. 

9hlne, n. (Fr. echine) the back-bone or 

spine.— p. to cut into chines or pieces. 
9hlned, a. relating to the back. 

^hink, n. (S. cina) a crack ; a gap ; 

as opening.— V. to crack ; to open, 
^htnk'y, a. opening in narrow clefts ; gaping 
9hink, V. to make a sharp sound. 
^hJtntz, n. ptintod cotton cloth. 
9hiop-pine',n.(Sp.cAaptn)ahigh shoe. 

^hip, V. (D. kappen) to cut into small 
pieces. — n. a smatl piece cut or broken oit 
^Ip'ping, n. a fragment cut off. 

CJhi-rSg'ri-cal, a. (Gr. eheir, agra) ha v. 
ing gout in the hand. 

Chi'ro-grSj'h, n. (Gr. eheir, grapho) a 
writing ; i deed ; a fine. 

tobe, tab, fan s cr?, cr^pt, ro^rrh; tdH, bOy, fitlr, nd^, ae«; (ede, ^em, ni|e, e^, tUa. 






Ulil-rflg'mrpher, n. a writer; au officer who 

l/hj-rrtjc'ra-pfcigt, n. one who tells fortunes by 

the hand. 

Chi-r«l'o-^, n. (Gr, cheir^ logos) talk- 
ing by manual signs. 

ChT'ro-mnn-9y, n. (Gr. cheir, manteia) 
tJie art of foreteUing by inspecting the hand. 

Wil ro-inftn-f cr, n. one who foretells by in- 
specting the hand. ' 

^ll^P' V: ^P^^- '^'HPen) to make a noiso 
ill I « ''"^ — ^ ^^^ vo'co of birds. 
Vuip ing, n. the gentle noise of birds. 

Chi-rftr'^e-on, n. (Gr. chsirterffon) one 
who cures ailments by extenuU appUca- 
tions: a surgeon. fp «»- 

«ail-rur'j;e-ry, n. the art of curing by eztar- 

. "»• applications s surgery. 

Chl-rOr'^ric, Chl-xOr^i-cal, a. relattag to th« 
2J*«fh«aUa«r by external appUcaUons ; 

Qit;<'el, n. (L. scUsum) an instrument 
M '^'■^"'^ *°°'^ °' stone.— w. to cut with a 

^hOTfe, n. the act or powerof choosinir 5 ihi 
thing chosen.-asofect; precious ; ,^f„i 
ghOIfe'less, o. without power to chc^ieT 
yhOTfe'ly, ad. with great care; ouriously. 

J!:Kx,^^5®!'• "• "'"^'yj particular value. 
VhOtfe drawn, a. selected with great care. 

9^^Pi *• (D. happen) to cut with a 

qufckblow; to cut'into small p«MeI-« . 

PhP'e^ chopped off; a small piec^e^meat: 

ghop'haose, N. a house of entertainment 

Ch!t, n. (S. cj7A) a sprout : a shoot: a 
^ child.—*, to sprout ; to shoot. 

VJhtt-'ohXt, n. (cAaO idle talk; p ittle. 

^ft'tor-ling?, n. pi. (Ger. *t<«<?/) the 
uowels of an editable animaL 

Vt Vai-ry, n. (Fr. cA««o/) knighthood: 
ritour; the bodr or order of kn|hts. ' 

^htyU-rous, a. relating to chivahy ; knight- 
ly; gallant; warlike; adventurous. 

^iTCf, n. p/. the filaments in flowers. 

^^*2^^' «• (Gr. chloros) green 

Chio-r»t'ic, a. affected by chlorosis. 

<*«o'o-Iate, n. (Fr. chocolat) a prepa- 

(fctlon of the cocoa-nut 
Ohtrtye. Sae under Choose. 

^'ItaiSj^^i n. (L. cAoriM) a band of 
ffl«i,*i"iP*^ of a church where the 
Jmgen are placed. 

^-£'2!!;tK^".^'£^"£f A°8««'.S verses of a 

«! ..ti'A'Jj!.^" '" ^"^ manner of a ( 

Vha &. ^'^K *^'"' "•."?'"*««■ «"- -chair. 

!i?:5t *??■' *• *•** superintendent of the an- 

oient chorus. 

^liOke, V. (S. aceocan) to suffocate r to 

nf^SiRi' *° 0^1*^0* J to suppress. * 
VuAkeHtai, a. as fuU as possibleT 

Ch81'or,n.(Gr.oAoW)bile; anger: rage. 
ChM erni, H. a diseaM from bile. ' ^ 
Chrt ep-lc, a. fiiU of choJor ; irascible. 
r!li01er4c-nes8,n. anger; irascibility. 
phMfp, V. (S. eeosan) to take by pre- 

(JliftiYw. »- one wbo chooses. 
V'hft<Ying, It. election i dwlco. 

9hSp, «, (S. ceap) to barter ; to ox 
chan^ : to bargain ; to bandy. ' 

«?h6p pmg, n. act of bartering • altercation, 

PhSp, n. (chap) a crack ; a cleft. 

^Ihflp'py, o. full of cracks or clefts. 

^hSp'ping, a. stout; lusty; plump. 

^liSps, n. pi. (chaps) the jaws. 

^hOp'lallen, a. dejected ; dispirited. 

Ch6rd, n. (Gr. chordi) the string of a 
musical instrument: harmony in one or 
more notes; aright line draWn frxim one 
extremity of an arc to another.-*, to string"'co-pal, a. (Gr. chores, epi, 

.'*ajUti^K" *'' '°"" °' "^ '^^'^ 
^'^^■J^°P^-V^Y, n. (Gr. choros,grapho) 
™„^^"*/" PJ?*'* «« of describing wformtoa 
ChWo?iPn»:"""'*' "^°^« O' countries.^ 
Cho-r6g'ra;pher, n. one who describes parti- 
cular regions or countries. *^ 

.„;f?;P*P? '"<^*'y» <"'• *» » manner de- 
Bcriptive of regions or countries. 

91i0?e,gh3j'en, ja. /. and p.p. of choo ^ 

Chough, fhiif, n. (S. ceo) a sea-bird. 

^houle. See Jowl. 

?house, V. (Turk, chiaous?) to cheat : to 
trick.— M. one who is easily cheated ; a trick. 

a^nsm, n. (Gr. clirio) consecrated oil. 

Chrlf'mal, a. relating to ehrism. 

Chrt/ma-to-ry, n. a vessel for «Arism. 
/}J ora, n. a child that dies within a month 
after its birth ; a cloth anointed with holy 
ou, which children formerly wore till thev 
were baptized. ' 

(^3'ten, kris'sn, v. (Gr. christos) to 

baptize ; to baptize and name. 
Chrts'ten-hig, n. the act of baptizhig and 

naming. »• a «• 

Clwls'ten-dom, n. the oountries inhabited by 
Christians ; the whole body of Christians. 
nl ■ '?°' \ * beUever in the religion ot 
cnristj-na. believing or professing tie reli- 
gion of Christ. 

Chrlst'ian-ism, a. the Christian religion. 

Chrts-ti-an'i-ty, n. the religion of Christians. 

JJirlstian-Ize, v. to convert to Christianity. 

Chrlst'ian-jllte, a. befitting a Christian. 

onrlst'ian-ly, a. becoming a Christian. -od. 
like a Christian. 

rh^JfK'*"'"^"^®'^"' r*""" fJv®" It baptism 
Chrtst'mas, n. the festival of Christos ua- 

tivity, 25th December. 
Chrlst'mas-bOx, n. a Christmas present 


mc. <»., Hr, an: ».. ma. «..„. tir «„,. p,, «„«, „,, „„,, „,. .,,, „,„_ ^; 





Ch:9-mltt'ic,a. (Gr. chroma) relatins 
to colour; relating to muiic. 

ChriJn'ic, ChrSn'i-cal,a. (Gr. chronos) 
relating to time ; continuing a long time. 

ChrSn'i-cIo, n. (Gr. chrmoa) a reffister 
of events in the order of time ; a history— 

r.i""-*"/®?""' ^" ^ chronicle ; to regUter. 

Chron'i-cler, »♦. a writer of a chronicle. 

Chron'o-gram iXGv.chr(mos,qramma-) 
an inscription in which the date is ex- 
pressed by numeral let TS. 

i''.'^"/?"f''™'"l.*'''-^'' * belonging to or 
containiPg a chronogram. »■•""«■ 

oSS^s^^"*'"*"*''*' "• * ^"erof chron- 

ClM-o-nSg'ra-phy, n. (Gr. chronos, gra- 
pho) the description of past time. 

time" "** '' "• °"° ^^° *"'"' °^ past 
Chro-nSl'o-^, n. (Gr. chronos, logos) 

of time?*'® ° ' ^^P"""* «Jat«» or Periods 
Chro-nol'o-jrer, Chro-n61'o-gist, n. one who 
_,"»a>es or explains chronology. 

rhrA^1!'!AS'.' *f """^'"Kto the order of time. 
ChrOu-o-lOj^i-cal-ly, ad. in the order of time. 

^fe"^"^'®;*®'"' ^- ^^^' chronos, me- 
tron) an instrument for measuring tfane. 

Chrys'a-iis, n. (Gr. chrusos) aurelia. 
or the form of certain insects before thev 
become winged. ' 

Chrys'o-llte, r (Gr. chrusos, lithos) a 
precious stoiK ^ 

cAnwo#, pra*on) a precious stone. 

Chub, «. a river fish. 

^uxu»^' *•• "'^^ ^ *'''"'' ! short and thick. 
^hOb'faped, a. havfag a plump round face. 

Chuck, V. to make the noise of a hen • 
ri,« ^f , *" a hen.-n. tho noise of a hen. ' 
^hiic'kle, V. to ?all as a hen; to fondle; to 

trilimph?''^^'^^^' *° '*"^'' inwardly in 
ChSck, V. (Fr. choquer) to strike 

f^A'?.' 1? "'™* *"•* «!"'='« motion.-n. 
a gentle blow. 

^hflck'far-thing, ». a same. 

Chuff, «. (!) a coarse blunt clown. 

S'hQf'fy.a. blunt; surly; fat. 

^haf ', oA in a rough surly manner. 

Chum, n. (Fr. ehomer) a chamber- 

Chump,n. a thick heavy piece of wood. 

*^'nf"?& «• ^^'*' \'!''''°h "**''«) a place 
of Christian worship ; the collective body 

?.„5"''il"'^J'*i aparticujar body of Chris- 
tians; the body of the clergy; ecclesiastical 

rifnrlfe' ^•~*':u*° ';*''"'■" thanks in church. 
^hQrjh'ing, n. thanksgiving in church. 

j; lOrfh dom, n. the authority of the church. 

ViiQrfliaike, a. becoming the church. 

^arch'man, n. an ecuJesIastic ; an adherent 

rhftV h' kI"'*"" '.''" episcopalian. '"^''"" 

rh«^u, l" P' "• l"st"«tion of the church. 

^ ,Sff ^k ^J ^•. " ^^''^ *■ ^«"t to commomo. 
ri!?'°u/'?!? de«J'cation of a church. "™''™*^ 

^ t?<Si body ' "" ''''*"* *° *" **^'^'"'*»- 

^Wer"'^'*'' "• °""'° """*<' *" <*»'•* 

'^cKS""^^'''°'°*' "• » '^"'''" Jn thi 
^haryh'war-den, n. an officer appointed as 
guardian of the concerns of the diS^i! 
ri,« •* representative of the parish. ' 

5hQr9h'y4rd,». the burial ground of a church. 

Churl, n. (S. ceort) a rustic : a aurlT 
man ; a miser ; a niggard. ' ' 

^«'l,^u •."• ""'® ' ••*"•» ; avaricious. 
ghOr .sh-Iy. ad. rudely ; brutally. 
<?hOrl'ish-ness, n. rudeness; niggardliness. 

^^^'"l^?-"*^"*) a vessel used in 

^2™^*?fl."' *^® '«'* of making butter, 
ghom'itaff. n. the ftaflf used in churning. 

Chyle, n. (Gr. chulos) a milky juico 

Ch^nteiL*' ~?8««ting o;chyle. I 

Chyi-i-fac tion, «u the act of making chyle. 


Chyioua, a. consisting of chyle. 

Chfme, n. (Gr. chumos) food after it 

has undergone the action of the stomadi 
Ch^mls-try. See Chemistry. 
Cic'a-trije, n. (L. cicatrix) a scar. 
gic a-trize, w. to hoal a wound by inducimr a 

skin; to skin over. j'-iuunnga 

gic-a-tri-za'tion,n.the act of healingawound. 
Ci-ce-ro'ne, 5hi-che-ro'ne, n. (It.) a 
guide, who explains curiositieo. ^ ' " 
Ci9-e-rO'ni-an, a. resembling Cicere. 
yTf-e-rO'ni-an-ijm, n. imitation of Cicero. 
CiVu-rate, v. (L. cicur) to tame, 
yic-tt-ra'ticn, «. the act uf tamtog. 

^JSf'*' "-iFr-cirfre) the juice of applos 

expressed and fermented. *^*^ 

yi der-ist, n. a maker of cider. 
91'der.kin, n. an inferior kind of cider. 

^irA^' "'/Sp' cwarro) a small roll 
of tobacco for smoking. 

^hhyfifdi' ^^' "'*"'"^ belongng to 
CWi'5ious,a. (L.ct/iciM»i)m»de of haii-. 
Cim'e-ter.., See Scimitar. 

Cim-ms'ri-a,n, a. JL. Cimmerii) ex. 
tremelydark. ' 

C^nc'ture, n. (L.,cinctum) a band : s 
belt ; a girdle ; an inclosure. 

C?n'der, n. (S. sinder) matter remain- 
ing after combustion ; a hot coal that hai 
ceased to flame. v«M«i»»aa, 



tabe.tttb.fflU; cry, crypt. m:Mh; tMl.b5y,«ttr.nO>V,new; (ede. pem. mi,e, e^ i.t, t&i» 


who rakM msiiM for dndenT' 





9ln.6-rl'tlou,. «. having the form of adic 

^?qu1;te; ^^'' «»»«^) an ore 

^*S2Wii£f • «««««o^») the 
gfnque, n. (Fr.) the number^lTe. 

C'I'on. See Scion. 

Jnoc«.ltc:.-r^er„ todSS^"^*' 

^r^ pqne, pfr'cuB, n. (L. cinw) an 

area fer^rt,, ^u, «ato around for ttj 

9lr-f 6n'.lHin, a. relating to the drcoa. 

^inMl®' 'i; ^^; *^*»'*««) » lino continued 
till it ends where it began. ha»iM Si «f. 
P"tB equidUtant fromr^'oSS^cS -^ 

round body} an orb; compaw: aVm? 

thh?/ °&?T"y-r*- *« "oVe^und SiT 
[!SSll ' to Jncfose j to lurround. ' 

[reeled, a. havhigr the form of a drclw 

3r^clet, n. a little drcle ; an orh. 

^r'cUngr, p. a. round ; surroundfaw J IncIo»inff 

notice addrewod to a afcT* * '*****' <" 
^r-cu-lar'i-ty, n. a circular form, 
^irju-torjy, oA in form of a circle. 
V^r'cu-la-ry, a. ending ta itself. 

E"^*H "• ** "° '^ ™"'''' 5 *« "Pwad. 
ar"^t «m'''-'''^^*"«~"''<»5 currency. 
a^r£.;f ''■°"'' "• *™'^e"i°» in a circle. 

Vjrcun. «. (L. etrcum, Uum) the a*"* 

dXeKrt the jWm tacloSdin. 
♦h. ?• !?*®2*J aring; via tationof iudcaq* 
the tract of country vl«ihShvJ..*^' 
V. to move round. "^ judges— 

Sl^'t^f.*''* "• "°* ''''*> *™^«»« a circuit 
S:^ft'i ? *'"• "• ' «°'°« «"»«» J compass I 

JirHjQ'i-tous-ly. act m a drcuitone mamier. 

eo) .urroundiag, en'oompS^Jf"'"* *""' 

VT-cmn-Sm'bu-late, « fL /••V/.^.m 
ambm to wmnSd about. • "'^^"'"' 

?ir-camTer-en9e, n. (L. «>««« r^>r«) 
mej^ureroundl^b^ut; IheCffilS 

i^etretm,jluo)1lowiagroaad. * 


?Ir^um-fa'!ion, «. the act of pouring round. 
?Wam-£s.ta'tlon. „. (L. drcum, 
^w«M») the act of canyfag about, 
gfr-ciun-^yre', gir-cfim'^-rate. « 
(L. rircum. mfrtu) to roll or'tum round 

9{r-cum.ja'5ent, a. (L. c/rcum, Vaceo) 
Ijrfag round ; bordering on eveij Aa^^**^ 

Clr-cuni-lo-oQ'tion. n rr. «•«.« 

^-cum-IOc'a-to-iy, a. using many words, 
gfr-cam-mored', a. (L. ciwum, murus) 
^^•JJ^"™^; encompassed with iTtoIIl' 

(L. eiroum^ 

Or'cum &'*!'"'='' "'■ ?"-«'"'™ Of nuOei 

^-cum-dSct', ». (L. ciVwtm. ductum\ 
^toeontrawne;' to nullify: * ««<''«») 

^SS?"*^**'*'"'*''«^»»«««t; anan. 

plfr-oiun-nav'i.gate, w. 
navU, ago) to sail ronad. 
QI«um.nav', a. that may be sailed 

gi>cum-nav-l-ga'tion, «. act of sailing round, 
gir-cum-nav'i-ga-tor. n. one who saltorounS 

round or near the pole. f"*"**; 

«/t»m) the act of plactag round about 

9lr-cum-ro-ta'tion,». (L.ctVcrm ratk\ 
the act of whfrltag Wd. * ' 

<?r-cum-ro'ta-to-ry,o. whirling, ad. 
9ir-cum.scribe', v. (L. circwm, *mfio> 

^rr°if™°'^' *?>«nd! to limit; To confine 
ar-cum-scrlp'tion. n. Ihnitation ; bound. 


ClJSn^Sl^i!?»f"'"^«" cautious'; ^dent 
^um-spec^tion, n. watchfuhies^; acution 
gMum-spec'tive. a. vigitont ; cautiouiu 
gb^cum-spect-ly.oA watchfully; cautiously 
^r'cum-spect-ness, «. caution ; vigUancT 
gfr'cum-stanfe, n. (L. circum, sto\ 
something attending or relative toa'ffct' 
s"£A"2^"'^«"*' event; conditS; 
2;;;cttm-8tant a. surrounding; environing. 
^iMum-atan tial, a. accidental; not esseL 
tial; casual; particular; detailed. 




5I^m-«tSn'tlal-ly, md. accidentally ; not o»- 

Cl^Pi^f .^ • n"/."".'*-'^ ' '"•''*"y circumstance. 
^lr-cum-.tan'ti-ate, v. to place in particular 
circumBtances ; to deacrfbe exactir 


• .u ucounuo exactly. 

V»r-cum-tor-ra'ne-ous, «. (L circum 
ferra) around the earth. <'"''?'«, 

ftm) fortlflcation round a place. 

vj^-cum-vgnt', «. (L. circum, ventum) 

Ori^tafiln/r'" *^*'**> '• *° *'»P'"'« upon. ^ 
Wr-cuto-vto'tion. »..fraud; deception. 

gir-cum-vgst', ». (L. circum, veslis) to 
cover round with a garment. ' 

to roll round ; to put Into a circular inotinn 
fir^um-vo-la'tionrn. a rollinrrouSd. 
V^lr'cus. SeoCirc. 

^^}'»-^^'Cisia)acase ; anexcaration. 
V«« See under City. 

c?'tS *L' ^^- "^'"^ *° ^""™o° ; *o quote. 

V ta.n. summons; quotation; reproot 
9 -ta ion,**umnons ; quotation ; mention. 
91 ta-to-ry, a. havlngr power to cite, 
yi'ter, n. one who cites. 

gft'ron, n. (L. ci/rtw) a kind of lemon." 
V" «ne,a.lemon^jobiired; ofadarkyeUow 
9U-ri.nft'tion, n. a turning to ayeUow colour! 
V« y. n. (L. civilas) a large town ; a 

towncorporate.-a. relating to a cit^ * 
V"» M» a pert low citizen. ^ 

9U'a-del, n. a fortress in a city, 
^it'i-pijm, n. the manners of a citizen. 
9U'ied, a. belonging to a city. 

V" '-zen-shIp, n. the freedom of a city. 

^&t<i?- ''"^""^ P^^"'"^ from 

^?/i°' <^\fl'- c«m) pertaining to a 

^ Hp«i' f'i„f ^'-'''^f *° the community; poll- 
„."^}i Intestme ; comjplaisant : well'bred 
9i-vll'ian. «. one skilierf in civil law! 
yi-vU'i-ty, n. politeness ; courtesy, 
f IVil-ize, t'. to reclaim from barbarism • to 

^8tot« n^^hi?"' "• \^^ '*°iP' civilizing ; the 

Clv^ll-lz er «^«nf'*V"''*.'^J?'° barbarism, 
'j-iv u-u-er, ». one who civilizes. 

9lv'il-Iy, ad. in a civil manner ; politely. 

Clack'er, n. one that clacks. 

Clack mg, „. continu.aI talkirg ; prating. 

Wad, p. t. and jo. p. of c/o/Ae. 

^r?ihi'. 'i/^- ^^"""^^ *o demand of 
n-|ht;'a*U!^"'"-«- «» «J«'>«^d as of 

r « J?*"*' "• "^^y'l'S : besoechfag awnMtlv . 
Clam'our, M. outcry ; noise • vKm^^^' 

r to make an out^cryTi^^ocS f ""- 
r w^""""""',"- "°''/5 voclferuuH; loud 
uam our-er. n. one who m^es an outciy. 

Clam. V. (S. clcemian) to cloir with an* 
g lu fnous matter ; to be moUtf *"' 

r w™!*'' *^ ^"*=°"« 5 glutinous ; ,tlckv 
Clam'ml-ness, n. stickiness ; tenacity. 

^1,4^'ljpr, V. {climb) to climb with 
dilhculty, or with hands and feet. 

ClSmp, n. (D. Mamp) a piece of woo-* 
or iron used to str^gthen any thin^ 
V. to strengthen by a cUimp. ^ ^ 

a}i3'h <!*•• c^«nn) a race ; a tribe 
r w°K?''' "• "''« » ""an 5 closely united 
Clan'ship, n. state of union as ii a clanT 

C15n'cu.Iar,o.(L. clam) secret : orivat*. 

g f »^»- a-Iy. od. closely'; SiL?/. 
r^nl^!' f'"^'.'^ secret; hidden! private 
C^n-dfis'tme-ly, ad. secretly; privately, 
uang, n. (Gr. Mange) a sharo shi-iJi 

Clank, n. a shrill noise, as o?a chata _« i, 
make a sharp shrUl noise. ''"'''°— "• *' 

^wiih''^Si;''^''^^''"> *<» 3*''ke togetbe- 
with quick motion ; to applaud with th 
hands ; to thrust suddenlyrto shuSt Iv' 
^iosioHfh^*''!,''^ """^^ col "sion^ 2u 


Ciap per-cliw, V. to scoldi to revUe. 
iight and shade in painting. "•• '"^«- ; 

C ar-i-flHia'tion, n. the act of making dear 
C f^ "ni* "• b"S»»'nes8; splendour"^ 

ciar', n. a kind of hautboy. 
Clash ». (D. A:&fe<f») to strike against • 
ru.^*" '° opposition.-*, noisy colE ' 
Clash'mg, n. opposition; contrfflton. 

Clasp, n. dr. clasbd) a hook to hold 
any thmg close; an embrac&-H,. to shut 
with a clasp ; to embrace. * ^ "'"* 

C asp'er, n. one that chisps. 

hlSdk!^'* "• * ^^"^ ""^^^ 'ol* into the, n. iL.classis) a rank, an order t 
a number of pupils learning t^ie same ks 

-«o?-.-'i, to. arrange in a ojass. 

Clas'sic, Clas'si-cal, a. relati^ to author, «i 
the first order or rank ; eleK; denotto2 
an order of presbyterian assemblies. ' 

Clas^sic, n. an author of the first ^^ 

laiw, tob, fail • crV, cr*pt, mfrrh • iftti ka^ x« iT^ 1 7 — — ■ 

g Ml. myrrn , tftll, bOJ, fior, nOw, new ; fcde, gem. r»I»e, e?W. Olfcs 



ruflt^'"'^'.**- *" * clawlcal manner. 
i;ia*-iI-fl^»'IIon, M. a ranging' into classes, 
^intfe"-.^^' */«^^»-<'«) to make a 

riiH.-J*'*?'' "• 0"« *ho clatters, 
ciat ter-lng, n. noise j clamour. 

^iJl^'n^^i?*'^'*'"'."' ^^- '?^a«</««) a halt- 
ing or Umping; lamonesa. 

aauje n. (L. clauaum) the words In 

CWus'tral, a. relating to a clotater. 
C uu jure, ». act of tSmttingj confinement 
USv a-ted, o. (L. clava} club-shaped. 
Cls.Ye, p. t. of cleave. 

Ciav'i-chfird, n. (L. ciavu, chorda) a 
musical iMtniment. v «/»«»/ » 

C]av'i-ole,n. (L.c/attt*) the coUar bono. 
^!^'i?*tf ^'li.'l® f^®* o^a ^east or bird. 

rnfi!!/K.' ?: '""'••hed with claws. 
Clfiw'back, n. a flatterer; a sycophant. 


cWn^/'cleft.'"^^''^*^-'">«»' li^* 

t'lWt, M. an opening made by splittlngT 
C12f, n. (Fr.) a character in music. 
Clftn'ent.a. (L. ckmem) mild : centla 
Cfimen-cv.n. mildness; mercy; fefflenci/ 
ClCrn'ont-fy, ad. in a merciful iMnner. 

i^fej** ^^: "''*•<'> * tenacious kind of 
^1.5^ — "" *° *^*'^<" 0' manure with clav 

C !^f/h « ''nP.^'l',"* °C*='^y ! "''^ clay. ^ 
rif ^I2!l!i''' partaking of the nature ofW. 

oIr^*T?'*"**« "• P-ound abounding with clav 
^ W*. "• » pit where clay is dug ^' 

CI«y'in4rl, n. a whitish chalky clay. 

a two-handed sword ; a broad-sword. 
jI^J*' »• ^^u- ''^*"> ^'«e from dirt or 

23!l* i!:.. •~^" ^ "^?« '™™ dirt J to purify. 
nTi^L^^^^V P^J^^sctly; completely.*^ ^ 
r f^^'^' "• free from dirt ; neat ; pure. 
PMnn ':"^1' •*• ''?«»o'n from rtirt ; neatness. 

Ceffi«ftT"?' Pl"«'y! dexterm'slyf^ 
C ean ness, n. freedom from dirt: purity. 
C eanje, v. to free from dirt ; to pur fy. 

t^iean; ing, n. the act of purifying. 

Clear, a. (L. clams) bright : serene • 
pure; perspicuous; Indisputable; mani-' 
fest; acute; distinct; innocent; f?^e - 

ODscurl.y or encumbrance ; to vindicate • 

!?fi^°f«! toffiV over aadaboraU «: 
rii^fi***""**" RJainly ; quite. 

4ft*tSt a .Wn''h*A'''''*?»' « <>ertifl. 

Cjeai^w, It. one who clears ; a brightener 

C ef Sv'^lJ?' ^*l!!?*"°". ' 'indication" '• 
C K^»'.f^" '"'f*'^'^' plainly; evidently. 
r^S^?"**'^."-. I'f'Shtness; transparencv • 
/^iS"*!^*^ ? distinctness ; sincerity. ^ ^ ' 

dl^a^rtf »<:h f*' "i«li8cemment. 
J« t !/'lA'fr''* ^ *° ^'"''e" with Btarch. 
l^ieWstdrf h-er, n. one who clearstarches. 

^fcli ."; <S.. cfi/i«n) to adhere ; to 

hold to; to unite aptly: p. t clave, 
aeave, w. (S. ofea/on) to split ; to 

CiJ;P'sy;dra, n. (Gr. klepto, hudor) « 

kind of water-clock among the a«^nta. 
ClSr'^y, n. (L. elericus) the body of 

ClCr'pi-cal, a. relating to the clergy. 

C Cr^^y-a-ble, a. admitting benefit of clerw. 


cler^!*' * '''"Wman.-o. relating to tht 
Clerjl-cal, a. reUtlng to the clergy. 

«™^n^^* "'J* "•"'«?'"» J a scholar; one 

employed under another as a writer : one 

cA^r^^ the responses in church ' " 

r fib"*®' "• l^**? " "'e'"^ '• 'earned. 
Clerk'ly.a. scholar-like; clever.-od. in an 

ingenious or learned manner. 
Olerk ship, n. scholarship ; office of a clerk. 

Clew n. (S. cHwe) a ball of thread ; a 
guide; a direction.-». to guide, as by a 
thread ; to direct ; to raise the laUs. 

Click, V. (D. klikken) to make a small 
sharp noise.— n. a small sharp noise. 

Cll'ent, n. (L. nUens) a dependent : one 
who employs a lawyer. * 

C i-ent'al, a. dependent. 

C I ent-ed, a. supplied with clients. 

C '^n; fM;"""**lK°"'''*'?.".°'" ""iice of a client, 
Cll ent-ship, n. the condition of a client. 

^wS "• ^.^- f ''^*> * ^teep rock. 

Ollf fy, a. broken ; craggy. 

^ IrJ; 5" 5,?*Bep rock ; a crack ; a fissure. 
Cllf'ted, Cllf ty, a. broken ; c^ggy. 

Cli-mSc'ter. See u«der Climax. 
Cli'mate, n. (Gr. klima) a region or 
phJ^* of country ; temperature of ti.e air. 
Clime, n. a region ; a tract of the earth. 

Cll'max, n. (Gr.) gradation ; ascent ; 

*j"8"'e in ketone, by which the sentence 

gradually rises. 
Cli-mac'ter, Cllm-ac-t6r'ic. n. a progression 

humnrf* * ui a critical period of 

Cl!m-ac-t6r'ic, Cllm-ac-tCr'l-cal, a. critical. 

Climb, clTm, v. (S. diman) to ascend 

• IJlilK'-'i''""','. *1 mount: P- t. and p.p. 
climbed or clflmb. *^ *^ 

Cllmb'er, n. one who climbs. 
Climb'ing, n. the act of ascending. 
ClinfA, V. (D. klinken) to grasp • to 

«iY-!!?™ ' *° ''^ ' *" nvet.-*!. an amblgiity. 
ClInfA'er, n. a cramp ; a holdfast. 

^I'^^u*" ^^' <'^«»5'a») to hang upon ; 
to adhere; to dry up; p.t.andp.j7.clOng! 

rue. f«. fSr. fall ; me. m«. the;;::^if7^i;;;7;^eld, fir ; note, nOt, n.^ «6we. .a«" 





Clln'lc, n. one oonflned to bed byrickneM. 
Cirnk, V. (D. klinken) to make a Rmall 
«Wp ^uKd^ a .harp .ucce^v* nS' 

^S.**^i^*''^*> » ^008® outer gar- 

r,-'^y,tf^y' "<*■ In a concealed manner 

C oak'bag,„.atravelllngb^y . apTSeau. 

w&t'^ii.?h S'"<'^'»> »" instrument 
riA il?" .?''• *^^ *>»»» 8 an insect 

C S&T'n'^ *"*• T"" mS^elocka 

I-'wfirk n. the machlaery of a dock. 

Lipck, «. (S. cloccan) to make a noi«A 

Clod pou, n. a dolt; a blockhead. 
cm. SeoCloagh. 
C18g, p. (W.) to load with ; to en- 
cumber; to obstruct.-t,. a weUt. an 
««"««'nbnirjce; awood^ahoe. * ' "" 
cKv"^^ V? o»'st"»ction ; a hindrance. 
WOg'gy, a. that clogs ; thick ; adhesive. 

^Snt''"* ^^-cjausum) a monastery : 

^i^ur?®"^*' "■ Viazvu-v. to shut up l£a 

rirtT.4i" '. *° ''""^^^ '' *o immure. ^ * 

aKrl*'l;''«"'*'/:^,' ''""' *"h cloisters. 
ClS?l^^\Vn°u'n''''"^''«' *° "^ '^'°"»"- 
Cloke. See Cloak. 
Clomb, clSm,p;f. and;>. p. of c/.ttiJ. 
Clt"5se, V. (L. clausum) to shut • to 
conclude; to inclose; to join; tocoalescf 

closed place s a field.' * "^'J^— *»• «« in- 
t- ose^ly, acj. In a close manner • secrpttir 
C ose'ness, n. the state of betogcl^*"^- 
CWfet, n. a small privateroom ; acunboard 

--«. to shut up in a closet ; to coS ^" 

Close'stOai, n. a chamber utensiL 
C13t,ra(c/orf) concretion ; coaeulation 
nime? «T «='"'«; to concret'ejtoSato* 

Cm^, ». a thickscu'u ; a blockhead. 


Clothe. « V/'J: *"*• ^ P- «'«»^ «r oST' 
oi?.i / '• "• *^' «a"iionta ; raiment : dnlr 
C 0th ,er, «. a maker or J^Uer ofcloth. 

darkness ; a vein or snot i» , ^ *' *" 

r^iAM jn "•""» "• '"8 "tate of beioff cloml* 

C A2HV.t"i "• ^"«>"t clouds ;oK&rt. 

Clond'cftpt, a. topped with douder * ^*"^ 

^ft^hS' ^^K'^ ^^^' "• <S.) the deft wf 

a hiD ; an allowance of weight. 
ClSfit, n. (S. c/Mf) a cloth fnr »•» 

the foot divided in J twoJSi * *"""« 

Clove, n. (S. elufe) a spice : snJn a- 

root of garlic ; awelght * "^ ** 

cio'iS*-i^"^'^-^^> » 8P«cies Of trefoil. 

tiO vered, o. covered with dover. ""' 

C13*n, n. (L. co/oniw!) a rhiMm. m. 

ciSI^-11nT°L?'°°» *' "& 

viown er-y, n. ili-breeding ; rudenewi 
Clfiwn'ish-ness, n. rustidty ; colSSK* 

Srt%«^; (L. c Wo !) to fill to loirthiafc 

coy less, a. that cannot doy. "***"*«• 
Cloy'ment, n. satiety ; surfeit. 

n}^J^J ?• ^^- c/wpa) a heavy atiok 
gabbed a^ heavy, iike a dubT^ ****• 

r ftK?'<^*^"**'.V«- ,'»''"'» a thick head 
I layman, n. one who carries a dub. 
Club, n. (S. oleofan ?) an associatinn a# 

iSn?end?°^°° ''^*^«" *<> «>»«b«S 
CiQb r06m, fi. a room m wUch a diib 

tab.. tttb, foil; cr?.cr^pt.m^rrh, tOtl.b05,fiflr,no*,ne* 

C uck, «. (S. cfoccan) to call as a Uou. 
Clue. See Clew. 

Clump, n. (Ger. Mump) a shanelesa 
muss ; a cluster of trees or shrubs *^** 
Clam'per, v. to form into damps or nuaan 
Clum'sy, a. (Gor. Mump) awkward • 
ri«^Xy • ""gaiily; nnhan^; UI-madT^ * 
Clam'gi-ly, ad. in a clumsy maimer 
C OmV-ness. «. awkwardn'ess ; -ungai„U„e,» 
Clung, p. t. and p. p of oling. 
Clus'ter, n. (S. clyster) a bunch ' • 


'--l^. SflBt, tuth 




ClQt9h, V. K^. p«-laccan\) foBelzo ; to 
fn«p: to gripo.— n. graipi srlpei oL 
Uloni; pawi. •- • r r- 

Qfit'tor, n. {clatter) a noiso ; a bustle. 
—V. to nuke • noise or buatla. 

Clys'tor, n. (Gr. klusler) an injection. 

Cp-a-^Sr'vate, t>. (L. com, acerviu) to 

heap up together. 
Co-fl9-er-ra'tlon, n. tlio act of heaping up. 

Ct3a9h, n. (Fr. cache) a close four- 
wheeled rebiole with teaU frontluff each 
other.--». to ride In a coach. 

SO^fK^i*.*' »»• •** "' tha t'riwr of a coach. 
COa^h'fai, n. a coach filled with pereona. 
COa? h'hJre, n. money for the um of a coach. 
C0a9h'h0r8e, n. a horse for drawing a coach. 
COach'mllk-or, r one who niakeii coachei. 
COttfh'nian, n. thj driver of a coach. 
C0ayh'jnan-8hlp, n. the skill of a coachman. 

Co-Arct , Co-Aro'tate,«. (L. eon,aroto) 

to prcKs together 5 to straiten ; torettmin. 
CO-arc-ta'tion, n. restraint; conlinenicnt. 

COarao, a. (L. orassus 1) not refined x 

not soft or fine { rude ; jn-oss ; Inelegant 
f -iinrso ly, ati. In a jo.arac manner. 
COarso'ncss, n. rudeness ; grossncss. 

Coast, n. (L. costa) the shore ; a bor- 
«i;r ! a limit.— w, to sail near the coost. 

C(la»t'er, n. one that soils near the coast. 

Coat, n . (Fr. cotte) the upper garment ; 
a petticoat ; the hnlr or nir of a beast ; a 
covering.— w. to cover; to overepread. 

i/Oat ing, n. the act of coyerlng ; a corerlng. 

Co-Ko'tion. n. (I<. cotit actum) com- 
pulsion ; force. 
Co-4c'tive, a. compulsory ; restrictive. 
Co-flc tlve-ly, ad. to a compulsory manner. 

Co-Sd'ju-tant, a. (L. eon, ad, jutum) 

uelplng; assisting; co-operating; 
CO-M-M'tor, n. a follow-hefper ; an assistant. J 

C6-«d-lfl'trix, n. a female fellow-helper. 
CO-ad-ja'van-f y, n. concurrent hel^ '^ 

Co-ad-u-na'tion, Co-Sd-u-m'tion, n. 
(L. eon, ad, unv«) union of different sub- 

CO-ad-T«nt'u-rer, n. (L. con, ad, ven- 
turn) a fellow-adventurer. 

Co-a'^ent, fli. (L. eon, ago) aa 
assistant ; one co-operating with another. 

Co-5g'ulate, v. (L. con, ago) to force 

or run into concretions ; to change f'-om a 

fluid into a fixed state. 
Co-flg'u-la-ble, a. that may coagulate. 
Co-&g-u-la'tion,n. the act of coagulating; the 

body formed by coagulating. 
Co-ag'u-Ia-tive, a. having power to coagulate. 
Co-ag'u-la-tor, n. that which causes coairu- 


Coal, n. (S. col) a common fossil fuel ; 

cliarcoal.— u to burn wood to charcoal. 
COal'er-y, n. a place where coals are dug. 
OOal'y, a. containing coal. 

COjl'ler, n.adlgger or coals; acoal-merchant. 
C611'iep.y, n. a place where coals are dug. I 
Cany.n. smut of coal.— w. to smut with coal. 
COarbiack, a. black in the highest degree. 
COarbOx.n. a box to carry coals to the fire. 
COal hOQse, n. a house to put coals in. 
COal'mlne, n. a mine in which coals are dug. 
COftJ mln-er, n. one who works in a coal mine. 
Cflarnit, n. a pit in which coals are dug. 
CO^'stOne, n. a sort of cannel coal. 
COal'work, n. a place whore cools are dug. 

CO-a-les9o', V. (L. con, alesco) to ci'ow 

together; to unite; to join. 
CO-a-lSs'f ence, n. act of coalescing. 
Ca-a-les'9ent, a. joined ; united. 
CO-a-lI'tion, n. union in one body ; junction. 

Co-ap-ta'tlon, n. (L. con, apto) the 
•4jii*tment of parts to each other. | 

COax, V. (G. kogge \) to wheedle ; to 

flatter ; to per; .tde by flattery. 
COax'er, n. a wheedler ; a flatterer. 

C3b, n. (S. cop) the head ; any thin/? 

round ; a coin ; a strong pony. 
Cflb'ble, n. a roundish stone: a pebble. 
Cflb I-ron»,n.«i. irons with o knob at the end. 
Cflb not, n. a boy's game; a larije nut. 
cab swftn, n. the head or leading swan. 

Oi'hSM, n. (Ger. kobalt) a mineral. 

CSbTjle, Coble, n. (S. cuople) a fishing 

Cflb'ble, V. (Dan. kobler) to mend 

coarsely ; to do clumsily. 
COb'bler, n. a mender of shoot ; a clumsy 


CSb'web, n. (D. kopweb) the web or 
net of the spider.— «. flne: slight: flimsy, 
cob wCbbed, a. covered with spider** webs. 

C89h'i-neal, n. (Sp. cockiniUa) an in- 
sect used to dye scarlet. 

CSchle-a-ry, C8ch'le-iit-ed, o. (L. 
eoMea) in the form of a screw. 

C8ck, n. (S. cocc) the male of birds ; 
a spout to let out w.iter ; part of a gun 
lock ; a small heap of hay ; the form of a 
hat — V. to set erect ; to strut ; to set up 
the hat ; to fix the cock. 

COck'er-el, n. a young cock. 

Cflck'lng, n. the sport of cockflghting. 

Cock-ade', n. a riband worn in the hat. 

Cock-ad'ed, a. wearing a cockade. 

COck a-t6y, n. a bird of the parrot kind. 

COck' a-trl9e, n. a serpent supposed to rise 
from a cock's egg. 

CrtcU'brainod, a. giddy ; rash ; hair-brained. 

Ci5ck'crOw-ing, m. the dawn ; early morning. 

Ctlck'fight.COck'nght-ing.n.a battle of cocks. 

COck'hOrse, a. on horseback ; exulting. 

Cflck'left, «. the room over the garret. 

Cflck'mfts-ter, n. one who breeds game cocks. 

C0ck'mat9h, n. a cockfight for a prlae. 

COck'pU, n, the area where co«ks fight ; a 
place on the lower deck of a sb^ of war. 

Cock'shat, n. the close of the evening. 

COck'sDre, a. confidently certam. 

Cock, Cock'bOat, n. (G.kogge) a small 

boat belonging to a ship. 
Cock'swam, kok'sn, n. the officer who has 

the conuuond of the cockboat. 

CSck'er, «. iW. cocru) to fondle; to 
indulge; to pamper. 


rate. iat,ftr, lall; me, met, there, h^r; pine. ptn,lJrtd,fir; nflte, nOt, p6r, in6ve. 86bv 












6fl«k'«r-log, n. ladulffonco. 
C8cM0, n. (S. ooccel) a wood, 
cockle, n. (Gr. ArocA/o*) a shollflsh — 

». to contract liito wrinkles liko the iliell 

or a cockle. 
■Jdck'led, a. shelled ; twiitod ; iplral. 
C(5ck'ney,n. {Vt. cocaffneh a native 
mil.' "''ir,' •*" «>''[''«"'"'»»«. Ignorant cltUon. 

Skn/^^"' * "*""* '''° nuinnor. 0/ a 

^S*' 'i-.i^P- ?'^''> '^ "Pccios of palm- 

trco, and iti fruit or nut. 

C»d, CtJd'nsh, n. a sea-fish. 

^S:"' <S. cor/f/) a husk ; a caso : a 
bag.-v. to inclose In a bag. ' 

SJf' n- <^-<'<«fc'») a collection of laws, 
c^ '^ Ji?- "" "PPfndage to a will. '' 

C0d-i.9il>la-ry, a. of the nature of a codicil. 

Co-dnio; n. (Fr.) a term at ombro. 

^Aii}®' **• ^^- <^«^»*«t) to parboil. 
Cod'ling, M, a kind of apple. ^ 

Co-5f 'fi-ca-^y, n. (L. con, ex, facto) the 

poweroftwoormnr<.M,in„'„„.!r„r- "/.'"' 



CO-«»-I,t'enf, a. Mlatiug ut tl.o wmo tJmT 

CO-cx.t?nd', «. (L. con, <T.r, tendon U 

extend oquaily with Another. * **' ** 

C,Vcx-ten sivo, o. Imving the wuu. eitoi,*. 

rifc"- ^f''-«?A') the berry of the 

Cm'f^n mT' "" '"/'"""" '""» "'"berry. 
C%t±tl''L "•..": i:]""? «^ entcrtalnn.o^nt 

poweroftwoormoro things actingtogether! 

CO-of-f I'pient. n. that which unites In action 
with something elso.-i,. co-operatinj. 

pooai-ac. See Celiac. 

*^^;!Ttf '';"' "• <J" '^«»' emptum) the 
act ot buying up the whole quiatity, 

^?S£?' *'• ^'''"' ^"' ^'^^ *« «»Joy 

Co-e'qual, o. (L. con, cbquus) of the 
tTa"SoTht.°' ''«""^-"- --^'^^ i^eS 
CO-e-quul'l-ty. n. the state of being equal. 

r^trf* **• ^^- <^<'"' O'"'?<^o) to restrain 
Co-|r^9ion, n. penal restraint check 
Co-^r^9 ve, a. restraining by firce. 
Co-dr'five-ly, orf. by constraint. 
Cc^s-sen'tial, c. (L. con, cmc) 

taking of the same essence. 
"^'a^rreS-*^' "• P"«^'Pation of the 

^hl'Si.®;**"' "• ^^- ''<'"» '^'««) one of 

Ca'^1^!:,"?'-'^' «rf- with equal otcmity. 
CCe-ter'ni-ty, n. equal eternity. ^ 

^«;f S tlL?"L'^"«'") Of th« same 

Crtf'f^"«A"."' "• °"'' '"]'" •""'J"' « coffoohousib 
Crtf foo-pnt, n. a put for l,oi/ing coffee. 
Corfee.r66,n, «. the public room In ^ Inn. 

^Sl^f' ."•/^''- '"'•^''?) a chest ; a 

money chest ; a trcasuTe.-t>. to treasure up. 

Cof fer-er, n. one who treasures up. '^ 

^f^h ^- ^^^- f(ophinos) a chest for a 
coran-mak-er, n. one who makes coffins. 
^foSrl^'^'' "• ^^- <'««»/««rfo) a joint 
^??o'«h'„r?- .*''?-^^> * ^'t"« ''oat ; tho 

tooth of a whecL-i;. to wheedle : to cheat. 
C.Vgcr-y, n. trick ; falsehood ; deceU. 
COg'ging, n. cheat ; fallacy; iinposture. 

Co'^ent, a. (L. con, ago) forcible: 
powerful ; convincing. ' »"**''wiu , 

Co^en-fy, n. force; strength; power. 
C0'j;, ad. forcibly i powerfully. 


«a£ . r«/.. ^' ''• "'" "^'"S cogitable 
nJtM."''' "' *''°"»''' 5 meditation. 
CO^-l-ta^lve, a. having the power of thought. 

i!f„'"i^*''' Pi 1^^- ''""' ««'»»») allied by 
Cog-najtion, n. lelationship ; kindred. 


Cflf^n I'J?'!"- ^'•^i!?» *'l? P°^^" of knowing 

Cof" n^^^of • "• •frr'e-'ge ; actof knowing 
Oog-nos f I-ble, a. that may be known 


„ age Wit,', anorhVr:::ra ^ temVom; 
Co-d'vo_us.^a. being of the same age. ^ 
Co-cjc-ist', V. (L. con^ ex, sisto) to exist 
_at the same time 

suraSme. ''"'''' °'""^' P«'^'«'"8 »« the 
Cog-nOm-i-na'tion, n. a surname. 
Co-hSb'it, «. (L. con, habi(o) to dwell 
r„ h^h^'f- **° "^'^ °» '"'«»"»"d and wife. 
Co'hf h ■«"> "• °"*' \!^'"K •" the same place. 
Co-hab-i-ta'tion, n. the act of cohabiting. 

Co-heir',co-Ar',n. (L. con,hcBres) a joint 
ri'hl'/*"'^ who inherits along with otiers. 
Co-h6ir'ess, ». a joint heiress. ' 

Co-htJre', «. (L. con. A«r^o) to «1^ 
together : to be united ; to fit ; to am^ 

Co"hct^nr'/°;"e''-«";f^' ?• "onnLI^ 
rnhf'irJ' «-«t'ck'ng together; counccfed 
Co-he J on, n. the act of sticking together. 
Co-he^sivo, a. having tho poweFof stioWng 
Co-he'sive-ness, n. the being cohesive. 

CoTio-bate, v. to distil again. 

'''"'*''•''"' ^••^'"^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^'^^ 




Av-ho-U'UoB. n. npMtod dlitUUllon. 

Cflliflrt, n. (L. Mhnr$) % body of foot 
■oldlon »ninnjr th« Roninni | r Iroop. 

CiTff, n. (Fr. cnijfr) a hnftd-drom ; » 
cftn.-i». to ooTor or draM wlUi ■ oolf, 

OOirnire, n, a hoad-drtM. 

0%nn. CoTiun. (Gr. gonia) a corner ; 
ft wooden weogt. 

Cfltl, ti. (L. eon, Itffo t) to gathtr into a 
narrow onmi«M.— w. rop« wound Into a 
ring: turnmUi Ulr. 

Ciltn, n. (Ti. oitneiii) money stampod 
hy Authority.-- V. to •tamp uioiiov j to 
make : to Invent. 

O0ln'aM,n.a«t of oolnlnfi money J Invention. 

COIn'er, n. one who oolnt t lui invuntor. 

Cfl-in-vldo', w. (L. con, in, endo) to fUll 

upon t'le aaiuo point ; to conair. 
Co-in'^l-donye, - -' ■ " 

oidlnff ; 



. n. the act or iUto of coin- 
, conuurroiico. 
=- •", vi"'!"""^^' "• *«"<le»>oy to the name ond. 
Oo-ln ?l-dent, a. falllnH upon the muio point ; 

concurrent J coneletont. 
O0>tn-9l'der, n. one that colnddoi. 

COTatril, n. ikeslrel) a, coward. 

Cdlt. Soo Quoit. 

Co-T'tion, n. (L. eon, Ui4m) a jtolnir 
together; copulation. 

Co-jQ'ror, n. (L. con. juro) oiio who 
•wewrs to another'! crodibility. 

Coko, n. (L. eoquoX) ftiol qudo bv 
charring pit-cool. ^ '' 

Col'an-dor, n. (L. eoh) a sieve. 
Cfll'a-ture, n. the ftot of etrainlnK \ nitration. 

Citl-bor-tinojn. a laco so named from 
the maker, CoOaH. 

chill ; Indlfforent } without paaelonV ro- 
r.^i^-~:"- r'^'vation of heat i a disease. 
Ofl dly, ad. without hoat -, without concern. 
^^u«".'?h'^^"* °^ •>«»» « unconcern. 
SaK^u'^?"^' *^ '^y?""* f««»nK Of concern, 
cold heArt-«d,a.lndlfferont ; wanting pmaion. 

Cole, n. (S. cawt) cabbaco. 
Caie'eced, n. cabbage seed. 
COle'wfirt, n. a ipecics of cobbago. 
C^rio, n. (Gr. A:o/on) a paiu in tlio 

bowols.--<i. affwting the bowels. 
Col-lSpso', V. (L. con, lapsum) to fall 

topether ; to close by failing together. 
n!!i iJ*^ • **• «»-.'*"en together; withered. 
Col-Iap'8ion,ii. a liUUng together or shriilking. 

Cifllar, n.( somothinir worn 
ty^^^^ nock.-». to aeUe by the collar. 
CAl'hrad. «. having a collar. 
C0inar4>dne, n. the clavicle. 

Cot-lat©', ». (L. con, tatum) to lay to- 
gother mid compare ; to place in a benefice. 

voi-ia tion , »». comparison ; the act of placinjr 
In a benence 5 a repast. 

Col-j4'tlve, (1. able to confer or bestow. 

Coi-Ia'tor, n. one who collates^ 

Col-Wt'or-ftl, a. (L. con, hUm) bdoA 

•l.lo by Ridn J not dlroct 1 rnnciirront. 
Col lat'or-al-ly, ati. side by side j Indlreotly. 

Col-hlnu', «. (L. con, laim) to join ia 
praising. ' 

C<5rica«uo, n. (L. con, froo) a partner 

or assoolutu In oftloo or cniiiloymont. 
Co -Uiaguu'. V. to unite witli. 
CM league-ship, n. purtnorehip. 

C;ol-lfot', t). (L. con, hu'tum) to cathor 
togethw J to gain by olisorvatlon j to Infur 
Cftl Oct, n. a short coiiiprolionslvo prayer. 
Co - Pet m, 1). rt. Kirtluircd j rocovorod | too>. 
Col-iect'yd-ly, ad. in one view ; cotilly. 

«"!'!«''J^}".'"."***' "• ■•*»• ••' '•"'"? «'olluol*l. 
Co . Oct' -bio, a. that nmy bo collected. 
Col-iiVf Ion, n. the act of gatlierlng together; 

ojintribntion 1 an a«smiiblaa« 1 a comnlla- 

tion i doduntton 1 corollary, 
nol-lfo'tlvo, a. giitborod Into one body. 
Co - e(!^tlve ly, (Iff. In a Imdy i not singly. 
Co - ec tor.> who collects; a t«x-gr-tlioror. 
Col-lCc'tor-shIp, n. the offloo of a collector. 

Ciirio^'o, n. (L. con, lego) a sooioty of 
men sot apart for learning or religion ; n 
sciiilnnry of learning; » bouse lu which 
collegians reside. 

Ooi-lo'^l-an, fi. a member of a college. 

UoMo'Kl-ate, a. containing a college ; like a 
college — «. a muniber of a college. 

CiU'Ict. »». ( li. co/lum) tho part of a 
ring In which the stone is set. 

Col-lido', V. (L. con, lado) to strike 
agiiinst each other; to dash together. 

Col-li'jion, n. tho act of striking together. 

Ciiirior. Soo under Coal. 


Sco Cauliflower. 

C«ni-fiato, V. (L. con, ligo) to tie or 

bind together. 
Cfll-ll-ga'tion, n. a binding together. 

CiU'li-quato, v. (L. con, liquco) to melt. 
Co -liq'ua-bic, a. easily melted. 
C(ll-l!-nua'tion, n. tho act of melting. 
Co -Hq'ua-tive, a. melting ; dlseolvfng. 
Crl-liq-uo-fac'tlou, n. a melting togoUier. 

Col-li'jiion. Soo under Collide. 

CSllo-cato, V. (L. con, locus) to pUm 

together.— a. placed together. 
COl-lo-cA'tion, M. act of placing together. 

C31'lop, n. (Gr. A:o//ojm) a slice of flesh. 

Col'lo-qny, n. (L. con, loquor) oonfer- 

ence ; conversation ; dialogue. 
Co -lo'qul-al.rt. relating to conversation. 
Cfll'lo-quist, Col-lo-ca'tor, n. a epeaker in ■ 


C81-luc-til'tion, n. (L. con, /uc/or) con- 
test ; contrariety ; opposition. 

Col-lado',«. (L.cott, ludo) to conspire 
ma fraud ; to act In concert. 

^' . "I ^^I'f • "■ ""^ **'>° conspires in a tmxA. 
Col-lQd'lng, n. trick ; deceit. 
Co .jQ'^lon, n. a secret aproement for fraud. 
Ool-IQ sive, a. fraudulently concerted. 
Col-la'sive-ly, ad. in a collusive manner. 

Wte.f»t. Or. cm, m». mCt. there. hiJr; pino, pin, field, fir, note. 6«. nor. mflv, .d^ 



Cariy. Soo undar Cu, :. 

Mokunihisi tho hiu'or appu, » kind o/ 
iourd J tt purtfutlvo drug. "^ ' """•* " 

Cyion, n, (fir, kn/on) a point (•) ' tho 

Coronol, orir'noL n. (Vr.) tho com. 

i.u....ln« officer o/aro^.uo,, "'" *^°°* 

Col'onel-v*. Col'o„o|.»,.|n, „. the rai.k or 


Cai-on-ufid.)', n. (L. columna) a. raniro 

n«!^ V /■'""' •""■" ' ""> country pkiUud. 
S»- '^ " -a>i a. rulating to a colonv, '^ 

CO o-mUI, n. an liiliftbUoiit of a colciiy. 

Col-o-i. la'tlon, Coi'o-nU-Jnif, n. tho Tet of 
planting wltL liihabitanU. °' 

Ci11Vphoti,n.(L.) tho conclusion of a 

Col'c-phony, n. a black rctln. 

c^'}KT;^^,- ^^'} "^ ^''ffantlc statue. 
coloMUi } gigantic j huge lu .Ibo. 

Cill'our, ». (L. co/or) tho huo or ao- 
IH»ranoo of bodies to tlia oyoj the tint of 
thepnlntor; fulHtt^how; cornploilooT |3. 
a •tandard.-t,. to nmrk •omo hue* 
to iMtlliato ; to nmku i.lau»iblo ; to bluX ' 

CAL^'i:!i)'.'*"T'': •'>«*'! coloured.^ 
Oo -o-rft tion, n, tho art of colourUig. 
Co -o-rlf Ic, a. ablo to give colour. 
Co our^a-ble, a. specious; plausible. 
Co our-a-bly, ad. speciously; plausibly. 
Co oured, a. streaked ; strlp^l ; spociui s. 
Co our-lng, n. the art of applying colouri 
Co lour- ist, n. one who exwFs In coIourinS^. 
tai'ouHese, a. without colour j traunparout 
CCl'Btaff. Soe Cowlstaff. 

Colt, n. (S.) a young horso ; a foolish 
youth.-v. to frolic ; 'Jo befool.' 

rrt L^.AA^f' "**• ° 'he manner of a colt. 
COlU'taOth, n. love of youthful ploaaure. 

C31'um-ba.ry, n. (L. columba) a dovo- 

cot ; » pigeon-hoiiie. 
COl um-bino, n. tho name of a plant. 
CSl'umn, n. (L. columna) a round 

pillar; any body pressing perpendicularly 

on its base ; a line of flguris; a section df 

a page j a file of troops. 
Co-lQm'nar, a. formed in columni. 

C^!^"f'., «. /jA (Gr. kolouroi) two 
RTeat cfrcles passing through tho poles and 
the equinoctial and solstitfal points. 

Co'ma, n. (Gr.) lethargy ; stupor. 

COm'a-tOse, a. lethargic j Irowsy. *^ 

Comb, cflW; r,. (S. amh) an i„Mira. 

inont for thu hair I tho crest nf'wok.X 
cavillo. In which l«.«,lo.lw. thulr 1™ ^f 
dry ...ea.„ro.-u. to divide, clean. ^^1^ 
Ju»t.lh« half , to b.y .moolii and Jtm ih» 
Coudrer, n. one who combs. -"'"*"» 

comb loM a. without a comb or orotl. 
COn.b'mflk^r, ». one who makes cmiibc 

C<'m^at,«. («, Fr. battr,;) to lidit i 
to opp..Hc.-»«. a contest j a Uitt e i i ifi ,1- 

C(Jm'bat-aut n. one who cumUailT V Urn ^ 
plou.-a. disposed to quarrer 

^-*'^n«'.f- (I^. con, AintM) to join u> 
tethorj to unites to agree; tocmil..".- 

Som'b nut :'''^ * '^*' T^ ^ combing- 
«rtm h .^» V "• ••?«"•«<' i betrothed. 
Cftm-b nation, n. union ; assoclaUon. 
Coiu-bl'ner, n. one tlu»» combine.. 
Com-bast' a. (L.r?o«,„j,<M,„)nppIj„^ ^, 

»-om.bO» tl-blo, «. that may bo burut,r-4i. a 
lubstanee that may be burnt. ''"""'^•* • 
Coin.bQs-tl-bll'|-ty, Com-bOs'ti-blMieM n 

vow-uat (.va, a. disposed to take lire. 

CJUme, V. (S. cuman) to draw noar • tu 
ftdvance towards ; to arriw , to^iL,;,," 
p. t. cfline J p. p. ctJmc. "-ppen i 

Ci,ju'er, n. one who comes. 

C6in iUK. n, approach ; arHTaL-«.adToiidiM 
new; ready to oomo{ tManT ""'■"""" 

Cdm'o-dy, n. (Gr. *•««,- orfi) » plav 

^»y'iv^'';;.rsft^^^^^^ - 

COmac, a. rotating tor— ■ ™ ■""• 

Cgm^ate^.(G r.Arom^) hairy ; like hair. 

com,n.thequaatyof being comical. 

CtSme'U-ness.n. grace; beauty; dl^dty? 

CSm'ot, n. (Gr. homi) a hoarenly bodv 

wJth a train of light, and eccentric iotS 
com e-ta-ry, a. relating to a comet, 
r^ln '^'/'i^"' * '•"•^rawing a come*, 
com-ot-^g'ra-phy, n. adescripUon of oonieta. 

^!?I?*' !f • f ^•<'o»./«c'«'n) a dry sweet- 

meat.-v. to preservo dry with sukr. 
Com'at-ure, n. a sweetmeat 

C3m'fort, V. (lu conjortis) to strength- 
en; to enliren; to console; to cheer". 

C6r;i'fK'*hf/^li?*?"*°'^''i "=<""«'»"'»"• 
C.W'fo^T t""'J*! "• ***"' of conVfort. 
rw£ J'^"'''^'' **• '" " comfortable manner. 

ni° «' JH® """ °' "•• Holy Ppirifc 
C6m fort-less, a. without coiSorfe 
C6m for-tress, n. a fomala who comikrta. 
CSm'ic. See under Comedy. . " 
Co-mrtial. d. (L. comUia) reJatinir ta 
latlng to an otJ-rof presbyterlaaaMemUta* 

*"'" *'"• ^'^ • «^^^^^^^^w«h, to,u,,oflr.„o*,„e*. .^.p«.»i,.-;;jw-;^ 



powerful manner «"""»anaing or Oom.min'V, . m ' P*"i' *" P"'verii!e. 

C8m'ina, n. (Gr. k/mma) a point f "> 

Com-mSnd' y. (L. co», wonrfo) to go- 
v«m; to order; to lead as a general -n 
the ngiuof roramandiiig; orderTaSrltv* 

C<5.n.„,an.dar,i' „. the com mn ding officer 

c?mm'andf" "'■'•^' "• '^^""^ ^''^ ^^'-'^^ of a 

ro.'n'JI.I^I''''''''""'''''^'' commands; alcader. 
Coin-mand'et-y, n. a body of knights -the 

revenue or rcMdenco of a bod v ofknichts 
to„..inand „g, a. controlling ; 'no verfQ 

"^"^SS^^r^"' ^" ^ -"'--S or 


CommarJc. n. (S. mearc) 

^'ZTstinf.n?^* ~- ^^- <=on. materia) 
consistmg of tho same matter. 

ro™fe'"-ra-ble, a iL.con, metior) 
ii-auciuie to the ijame measure. 

cC-mem o r^','?"''^ = *° celebrate solemnly, 
j^om-mem-o-ra'tion, n. pub He celebrfltinn 

pr;;serving the memory of. " '''' 'J^> "' 


Com -mend', v. (L. con, wan</c) to re- 

Com-mSDd'a-bly, od. laudably. 
Com-raen-da'tion, «. praise ; eulogy. 
C. m-mCnd'a-to-ry, o. con aiclnl prai • 
holduig m commendar.— tj. eulLv ' 

U.ra-mCnd'arn, n. a benefice held in trust 


Com-mtVyial-iy, arf. jn a commercial view. 

removal of a large body o' people "froir 
one country to another. ^ 

TnV; '^i ;, denunciation of puniehment. 
Com-min'a-to-ry, a. threatening. 

^mf;^!!!'^^*'' ''■ ^^- <'^"' S- mengan) to 
mix mto one mass ; to blend ; to unite. 

^l^'fi-nQte, V. (L. con, minrjo) to 

break into small parts ; to pulvertel 
Com.mln'u-i-ble, a^eda'cible'^^o powder. 

pity; to compassionate. 
CoS mrl tr"^'!*-'®' "• '**''.'*''y of compassion. 
Corn'mrfw 5 f?^'"' "• P''y: compassion. 
Cn^^Y^^'*^'!!^°' ,''• compassionate. 

CoS m !'«r*?" '''^•'y' "* e"* "^ compassion. 
Com-mTj er-2-tor, who has compassion. 

^T'£^\^- /^- ''^."' '"'■''°> *o intrust ; 

t?nfl .P.1"' '° ''=°'^ '0 P"«o"; to Perpc- 
trato ; to expose. ' 

commVtJw*'- ^°'?-m'"'tal. n. the act of 
committing; imprisonment. 

nr'Tnl '^®' "• P^"*'"^ ««l«-ted to examine 
or manaire anv inntfpr. 

C.^ra-men-sa'tion. n. ealingat the same table. 

to'^'rfduch;'!* **♦"• ^^- ^««.'»^"*«m) 
10 reduce to some common measure — 

KortiSr.r'''"'""'^ m^^ureTe";^ ; 

^col;rn'^^Sl: "• "''-^''"' *" --« 


common measure; proportion. 
Com ment, i'. (L. con, mgns) to write 

"oJ«^on 5 to >'xpound ; 'to exphiin.--n:an. 
f .Sin"/ «*P'»"a"on; erposition. ^ 
Crt nw'J?*r'"-''" exposition ; annotation. 

t'!M't;^;f' ''^'^'^^^ an annotator. 
».om men-tl tious, a. invented • imaginary. 

"X'Ti'o "' ^^' ''^"' '"'''••^) trade ; 

or manage any matter. 

Com mTt'tpr«"P' "• *f <=' of a committee 
rnS^^Yf/*?^'."' one who commits. 
cZw «i^^''' "• *'!?*, '"'*y ^^ committed. 
„S„^ ^■"^'il'"^' "• » delegate ; a deputy ; an 


COm-mis-sa'ri-at, n. the body of officers who 
regulate provisions and ammuiStion! 

Sry!"""^" ^'P' "• **"' "^''^ of a com- 
Com-mi.,'8ion, n. the act of committing ; a 

a?JLst o^nffinP"'"^*"'" ""^ P"'°ons joined ,n 
atrust or ofhce.— empower : toaonoint 

Com-m s'sion-al, Coi:.-mIs^iou.a-ry!Tap: 
CoKt"?-''y\'"*'"'^»* of authority ^ 
r^™■'"J^^"'°■**'^' »•■ to empower. 
Com'SJc o'"""®""' " empowered to act. 
Com-mTs'sure, «. a joint ; a seam. 

Com riw^.' *' """^ "'0 one mass. ^"^ ' 
J^om-mlx'tion, n. mixture ; incorooration 
Com-mlx'ture, «. the act of mingg^g. °' 

Com-mq'di-ous. a. (L. co», modus) 

convenient; suitable; useful. '"°°"^' 

rnl^'J^ V r "°"^"'y ''^''-conveniently ; suitably. 

rom"S!"?"'""'"'«' »»• convenience. ^ 
Com-mod'i-ty,n. interest; advantage? am 

thmg bought and sold ; merchandise 
Com-raode', n. a head-dress. 

Com'mo-doro,«. (Sp. comendador) the 
commander of a squadron. 

Com-in(5d-u-Ll'tion, n. (L. con,mod-,s) 
measure ; agreement. ' ^ 

^J;??-™o-Ji't'on, n. (L. con, mola) the 

act of ccmpicasing and grinding. ' 
torn nio», a, (L. co«, wMn^s) belong. 
tfiiui uiic: gonerai; usual} 


-- ., " '""" ""«; general; usual} 

P«e. f.t, f.r. fall; mC. mOt. h.r; V^n^.^^^^i-^^^i-i^^T^T^;:^^ 




^ ^^to ':jSS?».^. <»p" p^^"" around. 

Cdm'mojii, n,^ t:.e common neonla- thn 

r.^JIJw"''''*''"' "' •""<* 5n common. 
Com mon-ap, «. right to a common. 

c.^m'm'ln''''^"'^' "• *'^« common people, 
com mon-er, n. one of the comi^n p«j«4e • 

C(Jm'mon.fy, ad. usually; freqnentlv 
rrAlKft, »• ^'^^ <=--! «^ - city 

■4 oX;7/: trite •*"'' '° ^'""'"^ ^'''^ 

^m^.Tf'f,^'^^-^^^^' "• a l"'ofc in which 

Com'mon-wcal, n. the public good. 
Cto'mon-wealth, „. the state ; the public • 

a government in which the suprcmlpowe; 

13 lodged m the people ; a republic 

COm-mon-wealths'man, noni^who favours 
a republican government. " 

Com-mSn'i-tiTe, Com-m5n'i-to-rv. a 


Com-mQ'to-ble, a. thu may be excl.nn"^' 
OOm-mu-ta'tion, ». (Aai^M • aiternt,^,T^ 

Com-mu'ta-al, a. Ih. con, mutuus\ 
jomtly mutual; reciprocal ' """'""*! 

^5^'^'^*^*'. "• ^^' ''on, pactum) an 

ctstrutte.!^''^-- ^--oiiii 

Comt«^ f*''"^^'."- fi'-mness; density. 
Com-pact ly, ad. closely ; densely 
Com-pact'ness, n. firn.n^s; close less. 
Com-pac'ture, n. close miion ; etrucfSfre. 
Com-pa'^es n. (L) a system of many 

parts united. •' 

Com-pa^^'i-nate, v. to set together. 
Com-pa^-I-na'tion. n. miion; structure, 
t^om pa-ny,n. (L. con, panis n Dersnn<. 


Commo-ranpo Com'mo-ran-cv, 

''SSESLeiim^ -»' ---) 

Com-m6ve', «. (L. cora, moveo) to out 

com-mo tion-er, n. » disturber of peace. • 
^om-muno' w. {L.con,«iM„y,) to con- 

nTca?ed"^^;^hi'«*'>J^''?' T^^ »>« commu- 
nicaiea , capable of bemg imparted 

Cau.-mo-ni-ca-bIl'i.ty. Com-mQ'ni-"ca-We 

^ men"^of"hf roVdVCpe''^' °' *'' "^^'^ 

rSl'.'lo'do:*'' ^'^P"*: tobestoTv; 
lu reveal ; to desiver: to rmrtaiia «f ♦»,» 

im rnQni-oft-tn-rv /. !,«.,„...•.' >_„ 

anotner; an associate: afallnw i ...7. 
v^om pan loa-ship, n. company; fellowship, 
t-om-pare', «. (L. com, paro) to esfi- 
mte one thing by anotAe?" to liken !.« 
•COnf'na*?i° I'^T^ compared'; simihtudr' 
rrtm'H? **u ®' «• worthy to be compared 
J^Ompa-ra-bly, ad. of equal regard 
g^°»P^-™te8. two thinycompared 

Com-'K: Ive'l^- '^T'"" ^^«^?4Sn 
Com-Mr^or ^ ^' '^i. ^^ comparison. 
TnJIJt^!,?'^' "• °"^ who compares. 

rw?^5*'' "• ^^- '^'"»' P«»-«) to divide 
Compass, t>. (L. con, «fl5s„ro) ♦« en 

• oS J? r*^ ""°^r to"b™iej^;'?o 

pi. an mstrument for drawing circles! ' 

r,i,r, ,„;:•• ■ /™"»ne3s xo impart. 

conimon possession ; unif)n in fa th and d?,' 
^b?d';SJ; c"om*X"osrsff "^ ' *^« 

fill .. '*■"■ ■V' "„' '"^""t^u lo pity 
rnn. Tw •'' P''y '. *° commiserate. ' 

Com-pSt'i-ble, a. (L. coa. jw/o^ eon 

sistent with ; suitable to ;Tiffle 

Com-pat-i-bH'i-ty.Com-pat'ifb'le-ne8s ;, con. 
oistency; suitableness; agreement!' "°" 

inTtS".*'"- ^^•''''"•^«^'''^) »»ff«r. 

Com-pa tri-ot,n. (L. com paMa) one of 
the same count ry.-^, of tfiS^me country 

, . , . ■ ' — ""■"° vi-uuiry.— «. 01 ine Same country 




Com-peer', n. (L. cm, joar), an equal j 
a companion.— ». to be equal with ; to mote. 

Cora-pgr t>. (L. con,peUo) to force. 
Com-pa 'la-ble, a. that may be forced. 

#>^!I!"P£^"*°"''y' "• ''?^*"8f P""*' W compel. 
Oom-pei'ler, n. one who compels. 

Com-pai'sion, n. act of compelling ; forw. 

Com-pal'sa-to-ry, Com-pQl'sive, Com-pol'- 

80-ry,o, haying power to compel ; forcing. 
C«m-pcl-la'tion, w. (L. con, pello) style 

or manner of address. ^ 

Com'pend, Com-peu'di-um, «. ( 
pcndnm) an abridgment; a summary. 

Com-pen'di-ous.a. short; abridged ; concise. 

Com.p6n'di-ous-ly, ad. shortly ; summarily. 

Com-pen'di-ous-ness, n. shortness ; brevity. 

Com-pgn'sate, v. (L. con^ pensum) to 
give equal value to; to make amendffor. 

COm-pen-sa'tion, n. amends ; remuneration. 

Com-p6n'sa-to-ry, a. making amends. 

Com-pete', «. (L.con, peto) to strive for 
the same thing as another ; to rival. 

COm-pe-ti'tiou, n. rivalry; contest. 

Com-p6t'i-tor, n.a rival ; an opponent. 

com-pet'i-to-ry, a. in competition. 

Com-pCt'i-tress, Com-pfit'i-trix, n. a female 
who competes. 

Cflm'pe-tent,a.8uitable ; moderate; qualihed. 

Cdm'pe-tence, COm'pe-ten-fy, n. sufficiency. 

C6m'pe-tent-ly, ad. adequately ; moderately. 

Com-plle', V. (L. con, pilo) to collect 
from various authors 5 to compose. 

Cflm-pi-la'tion ,n.a collection ; an assemblage. 

Com-pile'ment, n. the act of heaping up. 

com-pU'er, n. one who compiles ; a collector. 

Com-pla'cent, a. iL. con, placeo)ciyil : 
affable ; having a desire to please. 

Com-pla'fenfe, Comrpla'cen-cy.n. pleasure : 
satisfaction ; civility. 

Ci^m-pla-fCn'tial, a. causing pleasure. 

Com-pla yent-ly, od. to a soft or easy manner. 

Com-plaiu', v. (L. con, plango) to 
lament ; to find fault ; to bewaiL 

Com-pl3in'ant, n. one who urges a suit. 

Cora-plain'er, n. one who complains. 

Com-plain'ing, n. expression of sorrow. 

i/om-plumt', n. lamentation ; malady ; accu- 
sation ; toformation against. 

Com-plai-gant'jO. (L. con, B/acgo)civil; 
courteous; desirous to please. 

Com plex, a. (L. con, plenum) of mant 
parts ; not simple . intricate.— ti.collectioi|| 

COm-plCx'ed-ness, n. compound state. 

Com-plcx'ion, n. involut.ion ; colour of th| 
8km ; temperament of the body. 

Com-plex'ion-al,a. pertaining to complexion. 

Com-plfix'ion-al-ly, ad. by complexion. 

Com-piex'ion-a-ry, a. relating to complexion. 

Com-piex'ioned, a. having a complflxion. 

Com-plfex'i-ty, C'Om'plex-ness, n. state of 
being complex. 

COm'piex-ly, ad. in a complex manner. 

Com-piCx'ure, n. involution ; complication. 

Com-pli'ance. See under Comply. 

Com'pli-cate, v. (L. con, plico) to en- 
tangle ; to mvolve.— a. compounded ot 
many parts. 

COm'pli-cgte-Iy.rtd. In a compllcatedmanner, 

com pli-cate-ness, n. the being complicated. 

COm-pli-ca'tion, n. a mixture of many thtogs. 

CSm'pli-mont, n. (L. con, pleo) an act 
f or expression of civility.— r. to flatter: 

to praise ; to congratulate. 
Cflm-pli-m6nt'al, a. implying compliments. 
C0m-pli-m6nt'al-ly, ad. by way of civility. 
COm-pli-ment'a-ry, a. expressive of compli- 


C5m'pliae,n. (L. con,p!eo) the last act 
of worship at night, which completes the 
service of the day. 

CSm'plot, n. (L. con, S. plihtan ?) a 

conspiracy ; a confederacy to crime. 
Com-pl6t', V. to form a plot ; to conspire. 
Com-plOt'ment, n. a conspiracy. 
Com-pl(Jt>er, n. a conspirator. 

Com-ply', V. (L. con, pleo) to yield to ; 

to accord with ; to suit with. 

Com-pli'a-ble, a. that can bend or yield. 

Coni-pli'an9e, n. the act of y'-jlding; sub- 
mission; complaisance; perlormance. 

Com-pll'ant, a. yielding ; bending; civiL 

Com-pli'er, n. one who complies. 

Com-po nent, a. (L. con, pono) forming - 
a compound. — n. an elementary part of a 
compound body. 

Com-po'nen-fy, n. mixture ; combination. 

COm-pai-jSnce'.M. civiRty ; courteousness. 
Com-plai-jani'ly, ad. civilly ; politely. 

Com-pla'nate,Com ulane' v. (L. con. 
p/ont«t)to make level. 

Com'pl«>nent, n. (L. con, pled) the 

full numb«r or quantity ; perfection. 
C0m-ple-m6nt'al, a. filling up; completing. 

Com-pl6te', V. (L. con, pletum) to fill ; 

to perfect; to flnl8h.-<i. full; perfect: 

finished; ended. 
Com-pletely, ad. fully; perfectly. 
Com-plete'ment, n. the act of completing. 
Com-plete'ness, n. state of being complete. 
Com-pls'tion, n. fulfilment ; perfect state. 
Com-ple'tive, a. making complete ; filling. 
Com-ple'to-ry, a. fulfilling; accomplishing. 

Com-pOrt , V. (L. con, porto) to agree ; 
to suit ; to bear.— n. behaviour ; conduct. 
Com-pOrt'a-ble, a. suitable ; consistent. 
Com-pOrt'ment, n. behaviour ; demeanour. 

Com-pose', V. (L. eon, posxtum) to put 
together ; to form a compound ; to write as 
an author ; to calm ; to adjust ; to settle. 

i-pOj;c ,... „, 

Oom-poj'er, n. one who composes. 
Com-pOs'ite, a. applied to the last of the 

five orders of columns, because its capital 

is composfd out of those of the orders. 
COm-po^l'tion, n. the act of composing; a 

mixture; a written work; adjustment; 

compact; agreement. 
Com-pflj'i-tor, n. one who sets types. 
COm'pOst, n. a mixture; manure. 

manure ; to enrich with soil. 
Cojn-pO'fure, n. the act of composing ; set* 

tlement: sedatencss: calmness. 


P*te. fat, far, fall; me, mCt, thCre, hir; rtne, ptn, field, fir; note, not, nOr, mftve. rf-j 



C5m-po-ta'tion, n. (L. con, poto) t 

act of drinking together. 
COm'po.ta-tor, n. one who drinks with an- 


Com-pSund', v. (L. con, pono) to 

mingle; to combine; to unite: to adiust. 

COin'pOQnd. a. formed out ot^nySt 

. i'nSenr^'"P'"-^'^'^'««^°^°y 
Com-poand'er, n. one who compounds. 

C(Jm-pre-ca'tion, n. (L. con, precor) 
supplication; pubUc prayer. 

Com-pre-hgnd', ». (L. con, or^Acnrfb) 
r,ln'Ii^i"f'^f % to contain ; to understand. 
CCm-pro-h6n'8i-bIe, a. intelligible; con- 
ceivable; that may be comprised. 
t'Om-pre-hen'si-ble-ness, n. intaiiiribleneM 

C0m-pre-h6n'sion, n. the act or quality of 

rflrnTh«"'"-"^' capacity; ^.sumr^rj. 
COra-pre-hSn sive, a. comprising much. 

• r.^m"^rf hf " '■ ''''■'y- '"^- ^"'^ ^'•eat extent. 
COm-pre-heu'sive-ness, n. the quality of ifi. 
eluding much in narrow colapass.'ri-aI, «. (L. con, Gr. 
Ttt&rSZ' *° *'^ Preabyteriaa'form 

Com-press' v. (L. con, pressum) to 
press together ; to condense ; to embrace 
Com'press, M. a bolster of soft linen cloth! 
cZtrl' !!"k t;-«; ^''^^ "^y "« compressed. 

Com-pres'sion, n. the act of compressing. 

Com-prtVsuro, n n, ' of pressing together, 
com-pnse ,«.(!,. compris) to iuclude. 
Com-prl'^1, n. the act of Including. 

Com'pro-bate, v. (L. con, «ro5o) to 
agroe with ; to concur in testimony. 

COni-pro-ba'tion, n. joint proof; attestation. 

Com'pro-mTje, n. (L. con, pro,mmum) 
an agreetaent in which concessions are 
V n,,.?" ^"^^ 8ide.-t;. to adjust a dispute 
by mutual concessions. 

COm'pro-mlt, v. to pledge ; to promise. 

Com-pro-vm'jaal,n. (L.cora, pro,vinco) 

one belonging to the same province. 
Coinpt. See Count. 
Corap-trol'. See Control. 
Com-pul'sion. See under Compel. 

Com-pfinc'tion, n. (L. con, punctum) 

a pricking ; ren^orse ; contrition. ' \ 

tom-pflnc'tious, a. repentant; sorrowful; ! 

Com-pur-ea'tion. n. (L. con, puroo) 
the act orestablishiiig oneman'g veSv 
by tl.e testimony of another. ^'''acity 

COm-nur-ga'tor, n. one who beare testimony 
to the credibility of another. "'"""""J 

^TrF^Y:"-^}"- """' J""'") to reckon ; 

rnm'^hl''".*? ' *" '""""«'• ; to count. 

COm"»n «'« *• "• *'^e' ™''*y ''« compited. 
com-pii-ta'tion. n. the act of renknninn. 

-om-puw, Oompu-tlst, n. a reckoren 

CSm'rade, CSm'rado, n. (L. catnerm^ 

a companion ; an associate. ' 

Con, r. (S. cunnian) to commit to me- 
mory ; to fix in the mind. 

Con-cam'e-rate, w. (L. con, camera) tt 
arch over ; to vault ; to lay a concave over 
Con-cam-e-ra'tion, n. an arch; avTull 

hnk together ; to unite in asuccessive order 
Con-cat-e-na'tion, i.. a lerles of lin^ '" 

Con'cave, a. (L. con, cavns) hollow • 
opposed to convex.-n. a hollow; acavityi 
vZ't^K"^^' "• ho lo>vnesB ; intemkl surSci 
COn ca-vous a. hollow without angles. 
C6n'ca-vous-ly, ad. with hoUownew. 

in^'i.^"'*^^"^^'.' "• concave on one side 
and convex on the other. 

Con-^eal', V. (L. con, celo) to hide. 

Con'Jr? 'o;,^'^ '^•}^''^ ""^y •»« concealed. 
Con-f ea ed-ly, ad. so as not to be detected. 
Con-9ea er, n. one who conceals. "'"*''"*°' 

rnn"&"^\"-'*'''^'"^! a keeping close. • 
Con-ffcal'ment, «. a hiding; a hiding-plaro. 

Con-cede', v. (L. con, cedo) to yield • 
to admit as true ; to grant ; to allow. ' 
Con-ffis'sion, n. act of yielding; aprant. 
Con-fCs sive «. implying concession. 
Con-ffis'sive-ly, ad. by way of concession. 
Con-ceive' «. (L. con, capio) to form 

to til'S'.'l ' k" '"'"^"® 5 to comprehend ; 
to think ; to become pregnant. 

Con-peiv'a-ble, a. that may be conceived. 

Con-feiva-bly, ad. in a conceivable maimer. 

Con-9eiv'er, n. one who conceives. ^^^'^ 

Con-feiv'ing, n. apprehension. 

Con.9Git', n. thought ; notion : nieasant 

fancy; self-fiattering opinion. IV. ToX2 

a notion ; to think ; to fancy.' 

r^!!"^!- J'^^',"- h^^*"^ * ''*8h opinion of rolf. 
Con-fgit ed-ly, ad. with foolish vanity. 
Con-fcit ed-nws, n. fondness of self; pride. 
Con-96p'ta-cle. n. a vessel ; a receiver: 
Con-96p't|-blo, a. that may be conceired. 
Con-9ep tion,».the act of conceiving ; notion • 

r«TT/." ^^° """«* ' purpose ; thought 
Cou-9£p'tive, a. capable of conceiving! 

S*^"^/'?*,!?,"- ^^*^<'"'<^°"'«'n) harmony. 
cZttnl'^^V- <^?'"P'etely harmonious. ^ 
i^on-9ent u-al, a. liarinoniou* ; accordant. 

Con-9en'trato, v. (L. con, centrum) to 
drive to a common centre; to bring intc 
a narrow compass. ^ ^ 

COn-fen-tra'tion, n.act of concentrating. 

Con-96n'tie, v. to tend to a common centre. 

Con-9en'tric, Con-fen'tri-cal, a? havtog a 
common centre. ««*»"ig a 

Con-^ep'tiou. See under Conceive. 
Con-y^rn' v. (L. con, cerno), to belonir 
to; to affect; tointer'est; tofiiakeuneS^ 
—n. business; affair; interpst: anxiftv 
Con.9^rn;ed-!y. a,i. witf, affection oHnterest. 
Con-fern ing. prep, relating to ; regarding! 
Con-9ern'ment.«.business: interest; moment. " 
Con-fert', v. (L. con, certo) to settle : 
^ to contrive ; to adjust ; to consult, 
-...•nyert, n. agreement ; accoiniauce ; bar 
mony ; a musical cntortamment. 

lObe. tab. f.11; cry,crypt. mjrrh Tk^^Ii^s. aur, nO*. new ; fcde. pm. raije. ejlst. tiki 





Con-p^r'to, n. (It.) a piece of music com- 

posed for a concert. 
COn.pcr-ta'tion, n. strifo ; contention. 
Con-jes'siou. Seo under Concede. 
Ctnich, n. (L. concha) a shell. 
Con-chd'o-gy, n. the science of shells. 
Con-fil'iar. See under Council. 

Con-9il'i-ate, v. (L. concilio) to win : 

to gain ; to reconcile. 
Con-pll-i-a'tion, n. act of conciliating. 
ton-9ll'i-a.tor, n. one who maltes peace. 
Con-fll'ia-to-ry, a. tending to conciliate. 

Con-^Tn'nons, a. (L. concinnus) be- 
coming; pleasant; agreeable; suitablo, 
Con-fln'nl-ty, n. fitness ; neatness. 

Con'ci-o-na-to-ry, a. (L. concio) used 
m discourses to public assemblies. 

Con-gi3e',a.(L.con,ccesuTn) brief: ehort. 
Con-9ise'ly, ad. briefly ; shortly. 
Con-fise'ness, n. brevity ; shortness. 
Con-f I'jion, n. a cutting off. 

C8n-ci-ta'tion, n. (L. con, cito) the act 
of stirring up, or putting Ik motion. 

Con-cla-ma'tion, n. (L. con, clamo) an 
outcry or shout of many together. 

Con'clave, n. (L. con, clavis) an als- 
sembly of cardinals ; a close assembly. 

Con-cludo', V. (L. con, claudo) to shut ; 
to comprehend ; to decide ; to end ; to infer. 

Con-clQ'den-fy, n. logical deduct! i. 

Con-clQ'dent, a. bringing to a close ; decisive. 

Con-clQ'der, n. one who concludes. 

Con-clO'ding-Iy, ad. incontrovertibly. 

Con-clQ'si-ble, a. that may be inferred. 

Con-clQ'sion, n. end; close; inference; de- 
termination ; final decision. 

Con-clQ'jion-al, a. tending to a conclusion. 

Con-clQ'sive, a. decisive; ending debate. 

Con-clQ'sive-ly, ad. decisively ; finally. 

Con-clQ'Bive-ness, n. the being conclusive. 

Con-co-ag'u-lato,«.(L.con, con,aq6) to 
curdle or congeal one thing with another. 

Con-coct', V. (L. con,coctum) to digest: 
to purify ; to refine ; to ripen. 

Con-cOc'tion, n. digestion ; maturation. 

c.on-cOc'tive, a. digesting ; ripening. 

Con-c6m'i-tant, a. (L. con, comes) con- 
joined with.~n. an attendant. 

Coii-coni'i-tanfe, Con-cOm'i-tan-cy, n. a be- 
ing together with another thing. 

Con-cOm'i-tant-ly, ad. along with others. 

Con'cord, n. (L. con, cor) agreement : 

union ; harmony ; a compact. 
Con-cord', t'. to agree. 
Con-cord'anpe, n. agreement ; a dictioniry 

of the principal words used in the Bcrip- 

tures, vvitli the book, chapter, and verse 

in which they occur. 
Coii-(rir(ran-9yj n. agreement. 
C-orvcord'ant, a. agreeing; harnionioas.— 

». tliat which is correspondent. 
Cou-c.Vd'ant-ly, ad. in conjunction. 
Lon-coid'at, n. a compact ; a convention. 

CoTi-cnr'po-rate, v. ih.con, corpus) to 
unite into one body or substance. 

Con-cor-po-ration, n. union in one bmly. 

Con'courso, n. iL.con,cursum) a,meei 
ing; an assembly of people; amultituda 

Con-cre-ate', v. (L. coa, creo) to create 
at the same time. 

Con-crgd'it,«.(L.cofi,cred<))to intrust. 

Con-creto', v. (L. con. cretum) to co- 
alesce into one mass ; to form by concretion. 

con crcte, a. formed by concretion ; not ab- 
stract.— n. a mass formed by concretion. 

C6n-crete'ly, ad. not abstractly. 

Con-cre'tion, n. act of concreting ; a mass. 

Con-cre'tive, a. causing to concrete. 

C6n cre-ment, n. mass formed by concretion. 

Con-crCs'cenfe, n. the act of growing bv 
union of particles. * ' 

Con'cu-bliR.n. (L.con, cubo) a woman 
who cohabits with a man without beine 
married. •= 

Con-ca'bi-na^e, n. the act or state of living 
as man and wife without being married. 

Con-ciircate, v. (L. con, calco) to tread 
or trample imder foot. 

Con-cQ'pis-jenpe, n. (L. con, cupio) 
irregular desire ; lust ; carnal appetite. 

Con-cu'pis-pent, a. libidinous ; lecherous. 

Con-cQ pis-9i-ble,a. impelling or inclining to 
carnal pleasure. 

Con-ciir', v. (L. con, curro) to meet in 

one point ; to agree ; to contribute with 

joint power. 
Con-cQr'ronfe, Con-cfir'ren-9y, «• union: 

agreement; combination; assistance. 
Con-cOr'rtnt, a. acting in conjunction ; con- 

constant.— n. a joint cause ; equal claim. 
Con-cflr'rent-ly, ad. with concurrence. 

Con-cQs'sion, n. (L. con, quassum) the 
act of shaking; agitation. 

. to pronounce guilty ; to doom to punish- 
ment; to censure; to blame. 
Con-dSm'na-ble, a. blamabJe ; culpable. 
COn-dem-na'tion, n. sentence of punishment. 
Con-d6m'na-to-ry,a. implying condemnation. 
Con-dSm'ner, n. a blamer ; a censurer. 

Con-dense', v. (L. con, densus) to make 
or grow more dense.— a. thick ; close. 

Con-den'sa-ble, a. that may be condensed. 

Con-dfin'sate, v. to make or grow thicker.—. 
a. made thick ; compressed. 

C6n-den-sa'tion, n. act of making moredense 

Con-dSn'ser, n. one that condenses. 

C8n-de-S9gnd', v. (L. con, de, scando) 
to descend from the privileges of superior 
rank or dignity; to stoop ; to yield. 

C0n-de-89eii'den9e, n. a voluntary yieldin;^. 

COn-de-spen'ding, a. yielding to inferiors; 
courteous ; obliging.— «. act of volunturt 

COn-de-spen'd'ng-ly, ad. courteously. 

C0n-de-896n'sion.n. descent from superiority 

C('n-de-896n'8ive, a. courteous; not haughty 

Con-dign', con-din', a. (L. con, dignus] 

deserved; merited; suitable. 
Con-dlg'ni-ty, n. merit ; desert. 

rate, fat. far, fftU; me, mCt, there, Ut; pine, pin, field, fir; nOte, nOt, nOr. mdve, tba 



CiJn'di-moiit, n. (L. condio) scasoniuir • 
r^^ul'"'V^'"}<^, V'"'' *° Kivo relish. ^ ' 
Lon-dlte mont, ». a composition of conserves. 
Con-dT'tion,n. iL. con, datum) quality • 
nfllV *'")'P^'' rank .-'gtipulation; terms 

Con-dl'tion-al, a. containing or dopcniUiiK 
on conditions; not absolute. "''P''"'""^ 

Con'd 'JirTI'^^'w"' ^.l!" "«'"« conditional. 


n,>„ j^ 7 ".vv, „. Durrow wiin oiners. 
£""i9 'enpo. «• grief for anotI)er'» sorrow. 
Con-doI'mg, n. exprossion of condolence. 

Con-do-nu'tion, n. (L. co#, dono) a 
pardoning; a forgiving. ' """''* 

^toJ^t'r^Jbr'* ''«^''> t« i«ad or 
tend , to contribute ; to serve. 

Coii-du j-o'inent, n, a leading to ; tendency 
Con'H"iM!' "• ^r'^i'.'fi t'' 5 contrSng^- 
Ton" r '^•" ' "'' ''• *^"'"'°» to ; promotingf 
Con-du'f -hle-ness, n. quality of conducinc 

C^nwf «■"'"'• "• '^"■■^''^y of conducing, 
ml^ '"• ni^inafi^eruent; guidance; com- 
mand ; convoy ; behaviour? 

Crtnl'^o^Vr ""'***• to, direct; to manage, 
rnn'^-n^'fr"""'*,"- |n'P>oyed far wa^cs. ^ I 

r .nM "> ^'l*^; "• a ^^oman that directs. 

Con duit, cun'dit, n. a water-pipe ; a canal. ' 

Cono, n. (Gr. konos) a solid body, cir- 
cular at the base, and ending in a point • 
the fruit of the flr-tree. ^ ' 

J^^'V*''S^,"''"^^''''-''''iv'"g the form of a cone. 
COn;,-cal-ly a<« .n the form of a cone? 
cm ics, M. pi. the doctrine of conic sections. 
Co-nit er-ous, a. bearing cones. 
Co noid, n. a figure like a cone. 
Cou'cy. Seo Cony. 

^Zw^^V^^^' ^'' ^^' con^fahulor) to 

t-on-fab-u-la'tion, n. familiar talk. 
Con-fab u-la-to-ry, a. belonging to talk. 

Con-far-ro-a'tion, n. (L. con, far) the 

togeU.'er.'"^ °^ "''"■""'^' ^^ •^"*"'° "''^^ 

Con-fgct', V. (L. con,facium) to make 
up nito sweetmeats ; to preserve with sugar. 
Con foct, n. a sweetmeat. *" 

r^rff'^i'""' *•■ ^ sweetmeat ; a mixture. 

,!^lnf°. *'°""''*"''-^' "•. '""'' ^'''0 n-akes sweet- 
meats ; a preparation of sweetmeats. 

sweeScaTs!'' "" °"" ""'" ■'"'''''' °' ^''"^ 

vZiff^nP'.V'': '■'''•''*'"'^ to sweetmeats, 
« Oij tit, Crtn'H-turc, n. a sweetmeat. 

Cuii-fcd'cr-ato, ■,,. (L. con,faedus, ,o 
ji'iu in a league.— rt. united in a leasue.— 
n. one united in league ; an ally. 

U.ii-fOd er.a-9y,„.a league ; federal compact. 
r-4 tion, n. leagua ; alliance. 


a, . — 

locongctt; to compare; to give; tofestow. 
«^.fU,.fail; cr^.cr^pt.m^rh; mi.l>6^.6i,r,r.>,'^;:^^,^;r^^;;^,^^^ 

I COn fer-enfo, n. formal dlicourse • m •• 
pomted meeting for debatoT comparSoST 
Con-for rer, n. one who confers. ""'P""*** 
Con-ler ring, „. comparison ; examination. 

knl?',' "• ^y '^'on, fassum) to ao. 
rm?w'¥,'* "'!"<" to avow; to gr t. 
Con-f cVsed-Iy, rtrf. avowedly; indlsputablv 
Coii-fCs sion. n. acknowledgment ; avowal^' 

hoaffn.^-'^V"-*"'' P'"«« where a S«t 

rnn ^4- ' ° "Confession of a penitent. 

S°n-/f » «.'on-a-«-y, a. belonging to confession. 

COn'fftsr'^''"' """ rho professes his & 

in thi; ?«n'„";r*'r" '''''° professes his faith 

ionftions."' '^"«^'' " P"^«' «''« bear. 

CtoSrntVl"„°'''l.'''='"''; °P«"5 k"own. 
i^on n-tent, n. one who confesses his faults. 

^^n-fide' w. (L. con,fido) to trust 
COn-fl-dant', COn-fl-danto', n. one trusted 
C^fl^?on'''' ' «,""«1ential friend. "'*''' 
C.Wfl"denr;,'V n™ *'<="'-'!;' ''"«t; boldness, 
in,/, hnii'"'^""^'"*"'"^*'! Po-'tive; trust* 
r,-n^fl' ^« ?;•";»• one t.-asted with secrets. 
Cto'HlnM'''''';*''^!'^' f'"tl.ful; private. 
Pnn ?:i''"t-'y. arf. without doubt Or fear. 
Con-f Id'er, n. one who confides. 

Con-f ig'ure, u. (L. con,figura) to form • 
to dispose into a certain sfiape. ™' 

Con-f Ig'u-rate, v. to show like the aspects ol 
the planets towards each other. ^ 

p"anlt'^''"^'"''"' "• '°""' ""P^'^t of the 

^boS?'n".- ^^; <^o^> finis) a limit ; a 
Con fT^i a boimdary.-t.. to border upon. 
Con-f ine', v. to lim t ; to shut un • to rp^tr^L 

Con"f r:;?! ""• «•,*"*' «»ay'aait"eS!'''*"^ 
Con"fnn ''"'•.''• l''!"n'i'«ss; unlimited. 
Con-f ne'ment, n. imprisonment; restraint 
Con-f in'er, n. a borderer ; a restrained 

«ri!^.™''«''- ''h '^'^'^^firmus) to make 
"^'"5 to fix; to establish; to ratify -to 
admit fully into Chriatian commS.' 

Sn'Hrm - •'"• ''• "''■\' ""^y be conflm^. 
COn-nr-mu'tion, n. the act of establishtair • 
Crtn «'','""-"? testimony; an ecclesiSu^S! 
COn-Hr-n a'tor, «. one that confirms. 

Con rJrIJJv ":'•'•'*■' "• *'">* ««'-^''« to conflnn. 
con-f rmeu-ness, n. state of being conflrmwi 
Con-firm er, n. one that confirms. """"«* 
Con-firm iiig-ly, arf. with confirmation. 

^fJlM?,'?''*^' .','•• ^^- ^««.>CM*) to for- 
ctn\n-r '""''"' '■''■'''"'■y--^- forfeited. 

nnM •;'';' """' "• *''e ict of forfeiting to tba 

public treiisurv. 

rnn'?-,''''^"'^i'"'' "• °"^ who confiscates. 
Con-fis ca-to-ry, a. consigning to forfeiture. 

Cou'fit. Seo under Conflict. 

Con'fl-teut. See under Confess. 

&'"/''?''"• ^^- '^<»hfia'n7n)to fix dovro. 
Con-flx'ure, n. the act of fastening, 

C9n-fla'ffrant, a. (L. con,Jiaqro) burn 

COn-fla-gra'ticn, n. a general lire. 

^^IV^^KV*^"' "• ^^- ^'^"' /«/«»«) the 
act of blowing many instruments toirethor 

r wfl^l*^*' 'i- ^}'- '^on^Jlictum) to strive. 
^^onHict, n. Collision; contest; struggle. 




Cfin'flu-enf?), n. (L.e<m,fluo) the junc- 
tion of aevtiral Btreams ; a concourse. 

COn'flu-ent, a. flowing together ; mectinjr. 

Cdn'flux, n. union of several currents ; crowd. 

Con-flQs-i-bll'i-ty, n. the tendency of Culda 
to run together. 

Con-form', v, (L. con, forma) to make 

like ; to comply with.— a.n) ade lilto ; similar. 
Con-lorm'a-ble, a. having the same form; 

agreeable ; suitable ; cor. distent ; compliant. 
Con-forra'a-bly, ad. agrcK' tly; suitablv. 
COn-for-ma'tion, n. the act of confonuing ; 

the form of things aa relating to each other : 

Con-grm'er, n. one who conforms. 
Con-furm'ist, n. one who conforms ; one who 

complies with the worship of the established 

Con-form'i-ty, n. resemblance; consistency. 

Con-fSund,' v. (L. con,fundo)tc mingle: 

to perplex ; to stupify • to destroy. 
Con-faond'ed, a. hatefiU ; enormous. 
Con-f(5and'ed-ly,ad.8hamefully ; enormously. 
Con-fdfind'ed-ness, n. the being confounded. 
Con-faOnd'er, n. one who confounds. 

CSn-fra-t^r'ni-ty, n. 'X. con, /rater) a 

religious brotherhood. 
Con-frl'er, n. one of the same order. 

CSn-fri-ca'tion, n. (L. con, frico)^a, 
rubbing against ; friction. 

Con-front', v. (L. con, from) to stand 

fece to face ; to oppose ; to compare. 
Cdn-fron-ta'tion, n. act of confronting. 

Con-f u?e', V. (L. con,fusum) to mix ; 

to perplex ; to disorder ; to abash. 
Con-fQsed' ».a.'mixed ; perplexed ; abashed. 
Con-fDs ed-fy, ad. indlstmctly ; not clearly. 
Con-fQ| ed-ness, n. want of distinctness. 
Con-fa^ion, n. irregular mixture ; tuMult : 

disorder ; overthrow ; astonishment. 

Con-fute', V. (L. con,futo) to convict 

ri ** !J?i?' K^P P™''^ *° ^^ wrona; ; to dlst.rove. 
Con-fo'ta-ble, a. that may be disproved. 
Con-fQ'tant, Con-f Q'eer, n. one who confutes. 
OOn^a-tft'tion, n. the act of confuting. 
Oon-fDte'ment, i». disproof. 
CSn'^e, n. (Ft,) act of reverence ; bow ; 

courtesv ; leave ; farewell.— 1>. to take leave. 
COn-je-d e-Ure', n. the sovereign's permission 

to a dean and chapter to choose a bishop. 
Con-feal', v. (L. con, gelo) to change 

from a fluid to a solid state ; to concrete. 
Con-§:eal'a-ble, a. that may be congealed. 
Con-|reaI'raent,n. mass formed by congealing. 
C6n-pe-la'tion, n. the act or state of con- 


Con'^e-ner, n. (L. con, gemis) one of 

the same origin or kind, 
eon-frfin'er-a-fy, n. similarity of origin. 
Con-|:«n'er-ous, a. of the same kind. 
Con-j6n'er-ous-ness, «. similarity of origin. 
Con-|rfi'ni-al, a. of the same nature ; kindred. 
Con-^e-ni-ai'i-ty, n. state of being congenial. 
Con-gen'itc, Oon-geii'i-tal, a. of the same 

birth. • 

CiJn'ger, -r . dQr. gongrot) the sea-eel. 
Con-^gst',t).(L.con, gcstum) to heap up 
Con-^Cst'ioa, n. a collection of matter. 
Con-^'ri-es, n. a mass of small bodies. 
Con'gi-a-ry, n. (L. congiarium) a gift 

to tne Roman people or soldiers. 
Con-gla'ci-ate, v. (L. con,glacies) t9 

turn to ice ; to freeze. 
Con-gla-9i-a'tion, n. a freezing ; congelation. 

Con-glObo', V. il,. con, globus) to gather 
into a ball ; to collect into a round mass. 

CC a'glo-bate, v. to gather into a hard flrsa 
ball — a. gathered into a hard firm ball. 

COn-glo-ba'tion, n. collection into a ball. 

Con-glOb'u-late, gather into a smallmass. 

Con-glSmVsr-ate. v. (L. con, glomus) to 

gather into a ball.— a. gathered into a ball. 

Con-glom-er-a'tiou, «. collection into a ball. 

Con-glu'ti-nate, v. (L. con, gluten) to 

glue together.— a. joined together. 
Con-gla-ti-na'tion, n. a gluing together. 
Con-glQ'ti-na-tor, n. one that glues together. 

Con -grSt'u -late, v. (L. con, gratulor) 
to wish joy to j to compliment on any 
happy event. 

Con-grAt-u la'tion, n. an expression of joy. 

Con-grat'u-la-tor, n. one who congratulates. 

Con-grat'u-ia-to-ry, a. expressing joy. 

Con'gre-gate, v. (L. con, grex) to as- 
semble; to meet; to collect together.— 
a. collected ; compact. 

Con-gre-ga'tion, n. an assembly ; a collection. 

COn-gre-ga'Ifon-al, a. pertaining to a coh- 
gregation; public; general » 

Coa'gress, n. (L. con,gressum) a meet- 
ing ; an assembly ; the legislature of tha 
United States. ' 

Con-gr6s'8ive, a. meeting; coming together. 

Con'gru-ent, a. (L. congruo) agreeing. 
COn gru-enfe, COn'gru-en-fy, n. asreemeiit. 
Con-grft i-ty, n. agreeablcness ; consistency. 
Con gru-ous, a. agreeable to ; consistent. 
COn'giU-ous-ly, ad. suitably; consistently. 

Con'ic. See under Cone. 

Con-jec'ture, v. (L. con, jactum) to 

guess. — n. guess ; imperfect knowledge. 
Con-^6c'tor, n. one who guesses. 
Con-jec'tu-ral, a. done or said bv guess. 
Con-j6c-tu-rai'i-ty, n. the being conjectural 
Con-jec'tu-ral-ly, ad. by guess. 
Con-j6c'tu-rer, n. quo who guesses. 

Con-join', V, (L. con,jungo) to unite 
Con-j(ilnt', a. united; connected. 
Con-jfllntly, ad. in union ; together. 
Con-jdnct', a. united ; concurrent 
Con-j0nc'tion,n. union ; a connecting word 
Con-jftnc'tive, a. uniting; connevJing. 
Con-jQnc'tive-ly, ad. in union. 
Con-jOnct'ly, ad. together; in union. 
Con-janc'ture, ». union ; a critical tiroe. 

Con'ju-gate,». iL.con,jugum) to unite 
to inflect verbs.— n. a word agreeing it 
derivation with another word. 

Can-ju-ga'tion,n. a couple; a pair; the form 
of mflecting verbs ; union ; assemblage. 

• »iB, fat, tar, fail ;' mO. m6t, th^re, h^r ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nflt, nor, m6ve, sfin- 



CfliiMu-gal, a. belonging? to marriage. 
COn^u-gal-ly, ad. niatrimouially. 

Con-juro',r. iL. con, _juro) to summon 

iH a lacred name ; to enjoin solemnly, 
Con'jure, v. to practise charmg. 
Cfln-lii-ra'tion, n. the act of conjuring. 
C6n'jur-er, n. an enchanter; a juggler. 
Con-jQre'ment, n. loleinn injunction. 

Con-nSs'genge, n. (L. cm,nascor) birth 

of two or more at the K\me time. 
Cdn'nate, a. bon with anottter. 
Con-nat'u-ral, a. connected by nature. 
Con-nat-u-rfll'l-ty, n. union by nature. 
l/on-nat'u-ral-Ize, v. to connect by nature. 
Con-nat u-ral-ly, ad. by nature ; originally, 
Con-nat'u-ral-ness, n. natural union. 

Con-nSct', v. (L. con, necto) to join ; 
to unite ; to fasten together. 

^^I!"!?f*^f.'^®',''-'J°J°'°8-— »• a conjunction. 
Con-nCc'tivo-ly, ad, hi conjunction; jointly. 
Con-nCx , V. to join or link together. ^ 

r.'in'Sf J/-""' "• ""J?n ! junction ; relation. 
Con-nCx'ive, a. having power to connect, 


CfJn be-crate,t;. (L. con, Mcer) to mbka 
sacred ; to appropriate to a sacred use: ta 
dedicate -«. sacred; devoted; dedicated. 

Cftn-se-cra'tion, n. the act of consecratTntfT 

con se-cra-tor, h. one who consecrates. 

C6a se-cra-to-ry, a. making sacrod. 

Con'seo-ta-ry, a. (L. con, sector) fol. 

lowing; consequent.— n. deduction. 
Con-sgo^u-tiye.a. (L. con^secutum) fol. 
r^A^ ."*^^!1,*'"*'" • successive; consequentiaL 

r^n'J^^il°''', "• ^*'?'" of consequences. 
Con-sflc'u-tive-ly, ad. in succession. 

Con-nive , v, (L. con, ntveo) to wink 

at ; to close the eves upon a fault. 
Con-ni'vanf e, n. voluntary blindness. 
Con-nl ven-fjr, n. pretended ignorance. 
Con-ni'vent, a. forbearing to see. 
Con-ni'ver, n. one who connives. 


fen"**®/' "• 9": '^^^^ "'"<') **> betoken, 
con no-tate, v. to imply ; to infer. 

COn-no-ta'tion, n. implication; inference. 
Con-nu'bi-al, a. (L. con, nuho) per- 
taining to marriage ; matrunoniaL 

a reckoning together. '' 

Co'noid. See under Cone. 

Con'quer,«. (L. con, quoerd) to gain bv 
conquest ; to overcome ; to subdue. 

C6n quer-a-ble, a. VaaX may be conquered. 

Ct)nquer-or,n. one fho conquers. 

can quer-ess, n. a female who conquers. 

COn quest, n. theact of conquering : victory 
that which is conquered. ^ ' ^ ' 


of the same blood ; near of kin. 
COn-san-guIn'i-ty, n. relation by blood. 

Con''s5ien9e, n. (L. con, scio) the faculty 
of knowing right from wrong. "' 

COn-sf i-en'tions, a. regulated by conscience. 

CCn-S9i-en', ad. according to the 
direction of conscience. 

COn-sfi-fin'tious-ness, n. tenderness of con- 
science ; exactness of justice. 

'--On'spion-a-ble, a. reasonable; just. 

C6n'8¥ion-a-bly, ad. reasonably ; justly. 

v/On 8910US, a. knowing one's own thoughts 
and actions ; knowing by mental perception. 

C0n'89ious-ly, ad. with knowledge of one's 
own thoughts and actions. 

C(sn s?ious-ness, n. the perception of what 
passes in one's own mind. 

Con'script, a.'(L. con, scnptum) en- 
rolled.— ». one enrolled for the araiy. 

Con-lerln'tinn. «. nn oni'n1I!n~ 1 -•-' -•-- 

Con-sgnt , n. (L. con, sentio) agree- 
ment to something proposed.— ». to be oJ 
the same mind; to agree; to yield. 

Con-sfin'sion, n. agreement; accord. 

can-sen-ta'ne.ou8,a.agreeable to ; accordant. 

COn-sen-ta'ne-ous-ly, ad. agreeably ; consis- 
tently; fuitably. 

Con-s6nt'er, n. one who consents. 

t/on-s6n'tient, a. agreeing in opinion. 

Con'se-quenge, n. (L. con,sequor) that 
which follows ; an effect; an inference, 
importance; influence. ""i-", 

COn'se-quent, a. following as an effect or 
inference.---n. an effect ; an inference. 

COn-se-quen'tial, a. following as the effect • 
important ; conceited ; pompous.. 

Cfin-se-qu6n'tial-ly, ad. by consequence. 

can se-quent-ly. ad. by necessary connexion. 

Can'se-quent-ness, n. regular connexion. 

Con-s^r'tion, n. (L. om^ sertum) junc- 
tion; adaptation. '•* 

Con-sXrve', v. (L. con, servo) to pre- 
serve without loss; to candy fruit-^n. a 

Con-s^r'vant, a. that preserves or continues. 

COn-ser-va'tion, n. the act of preservinjr. 

Con-s6r'va-tive, a. having power to preserve. 

can-ser-va'tor, n. one who preserves. 

Con-ser'va-to-ry, n. a place for preserving. 

Con-ser'ver, n. one who conserves. 

Con-sid'er, v. (L. considero) to think 
upon with care ; to ponder; to study. 

Con-sld'er-a-ble, a. worthy of consideiation • 
respectable ; important ; more than a little! 

t/on-sld'er-a-ble-ness, n. importance. 

Con-sW'er-a-bly, ad. in a considerable degree. 

Con-sld'er-ate,a. thoughtful ; prudent ; quiet. 

Con-sld'er-ate-ly, ad. calmly f prudently. 

Con-sTd-er-a'tion, n. the act of considering • 
prudence ; contemplation ; importance • 
compensation: motivoof action ; reason.' 

Con-slder-a-tivc,a.takinginto consideration. 

Con-8Tder-a-tor,».on« given to consideration. 

Oon-sld'er-er, n. one who considers. 

Con-sld'er-ing, n. he»ilat!on ; doubt. 

Con-sld'er-ing-iy, ad. with consideration. 

Con-sign', con-sin', v. (L. con, siano) to 
give to another ; to transfer ; to commit. 

can-sig-na'tion, n. the act of consigning. 

Con-slgn'ment, n. the act of consigning; 
the writing by which any thing is consignei 

Con-sig-ni-fi-ca'tion-, n. (L. con, sia- 

num, facto) simihir signification. 
Con-sim'i-lar, a. (L. con, similis) hay. 
^ing a common resemblance, 
voa-si-mii'i-ty, jj. jruaeiuuiance.; cry. crjpt, myrrh; tail, ba?, aOr. nav^. new; f edo, gem, rai,e. oitaTttte 




Oon-sfst', t>. (L. con, nslo) to continue 
flxed ; to ba comprised j to bo composod : 
to agree. 

Coii-8lB'tente,Coii-8Ts'ten-py,n. natural state 
of bodies ; deprrce of density ; substance : 
agreement with itself. 

Con-sts'tcnt, a. Hrm ; not fluid ; uniform. 

Con-sls'tent-ly, ad. without contradiction. 

Con-sls'to-ry, n. (L. con, sisto) a spiri- 
tual court ; an assemlily. 

Cfln-sis-tO'ri-al, a. leiatinj; tn a consistory. 

COn-sis-tO'ri-an, o. relating to an order of 
Presbyterian ussemblics. 

C!on-so'9i-ato, n. (L. con, socins) a 

partner; un accomplice.— u. to unite. 
Cou-so-9i-a'tion, n. alliance j union. 

Con-sOle', V. (L. con, solar) to comfort. 
Con-sOl'a-ble, a. admittin;? comfort. 
Crtn-so-Ki'tion, n. comfort ; alleviation. 
COn-80-la'tor, n. one who comforts. 
Con-sOl'a-to-ry, a. tending to comfort. 
Con-sOl'er, n. one who gives comfort. 

Con-s8ri-date, v. (L. con, solidus) to 
make or grow solid ; to form into a com- 
pact body; to unite.— 0. formed into a 
compact body ; fixed. 

Con-sOl-i-da'tion, n. the act of consolidating. 

CSn'so-nant, a. (L. con, sono) agree- 
able ; consistent.— n. a letter which canndt 
be sounded by itself. 

COn'so-nanfc, COn'so-nan-fy, n. agreement 
of sound; consistency; concord. 

COn'ao-nant-ly, ad. consistently ; agreeably. 

C8n'so-pTte, v. (L. con, sopio) to lull 

asleep ; to calm.— a. calmed ; quieted. 
Con-80-pi-a'tion, n. a lulling osltep. 

C<5n'sort,n. (L.con,sors) a companion ; 

a partner ; a wife or husband. 
Con-aort', v. to associate ; to join. 
COn'sort-ship, n. fellowship ; partnership. 

Con-spic'u-ous, a. {L. con, specio) ob- 
vious to the sight ; distinguished ; eminent. 

tjOn-spi-cQ'i-ty, n. obviousness ; brightness. 

Con-spic u-ons-ly, ad. obviously ; em..iently. 

Con-splc u-ous-ness, n. exposure to the view ; 
Obviousness ; eminence. 

Con-spire'- v. (L. con, spiro) to concert 
a crime; to plot ; to contrive ; to concur. 

t/on-spTr'a-fy, n. a plot ; a combination. 

Con-splr'ant, a. plotting ; conspiring. 

COn-spi-ra'tion, n. agreement to an end. 

Jvon-splr'a-tor, n. one engaged in a plot. 

t/on-splr'er, n. one who conspires. 

Con-spir'ing-Iy, ad. by conspiracy. 

Con-spis:sri'tion,'». (L. con, spissus) 
^tho act of tluckeuing ; thickness. 

CSn'sta-ble, 7>,. ih. comes, stabulum) an 
olflcer of tlie crown ; a peace officer. 

COn'sta-b e-ship, «. the office of a constable. 

COn'sta-ble-wick, n. district of a constable. 

Con-stab u-la-ry.o. pertaining to constables. 

COu stant, a. (L. con, sto) firm ; fixed ; 
unclianging; steady; certain 

COn^htan-ry, w. firmness ; lasting affection. 
COn'stant-ly, ad. perpetually ; firmly. 
Con-Stellate, v. ( L. con, 'stella) to shine 
with united radiance ; to unite in splendour. 

C8n-8tel-la'tion, n. a cluster of fixed atui i 

an assemblage of excellenoiei. 

C<1n-ster-na'tion, n. (L. con, sternal 
amazement; surprise; terror. 

Con'sti-pato.w. (L.con,s/ijt)o)to thicken : 
rA,?^?. ,JI?^' to stop up; to make costive. 
con-sti-pa'tion,n. condensation ; costivenoss. 
Cdn'sti-tQte, v. (L. con, statuo) to 

makoj to establish; to appoint; to depute. 
Con-stTfu-ent. a. forming; composing; e*! 
r'A^" Vi" T/'-°"° ''^' constitutes ; an elector, 
con sti-ta-ter, n. one who constitutes. 
COn-sti-tQ'tion, n. the act of constituMnir • 

the frame of body or mind ; tho system ol 

laws ; form of government. 
Cfln-sti-ta'tion-al, n. inherent In the constl- 

tution ; consistent with the constitution. 
C0n-8ti-tn'tion-al-ist, COn-sti-tQ'tion-ist. n. 

an adherent to a constitution. 
Cfln-8ti-tQ'tion-al-lv, ad. legally. 
COn'sti-ta-tive, a. that constitutes. 

Con -strain'jV.CL. con, stringo) to force: 

to compel ; to restrain ; to confine. 
Con-stram'a-ble, a. liable to constraint. 
Con-strain'ed-ly, ad. by constraint. 
Con-straint', n. compulsion ; confinement. 
Con-strict , v. to bind; to cramu ; to contract. 
Con-strlc'tion, ». contraction ; compression. 
Con-strlc'tor, n. one that constricts; 
Constrlnge', v. to compress; to contract. 
Jon-strln'^ent, a. binding; compressing. 

Con-struct', v. (L. con, stnictum) to 
Ijuild ; to form ; to compose ; to devise. 

Con-strQe'ter, n. one who constructs. 

Con-strQc'tion, n. the act of building ; fabri- 
cation ; the connexion of worda in a sen- 
tence; interpretation. 

Con-stroc^tion-al, a. respecting the meaning. 

Con-strOc'tive, a. by construction ; deduceS. 

Con-strOc'tive-Iy, ad. by way of construction. 

Con-strOc'ture, n. an edifice ; a fabric. 

construe, v. to arrange words in their na- 
tural order ; to interpret ; to explain. 

Con'stu-prate, v. Hj. con, stupro) to 

violate ; to debauch ; to defile. 
COn-stu-pra'tion, n. violation ; defilement 

Con-sub-sist', V. (L. con, sub, sisto) to 

exist together. ' 

Con-sub-stan'tial, a. (L. con, sub, sto) 
having the same essence ornature. 

CCn-sub-stan'tial-ist, n. one who believes in 

COn-sub-stan-ti-ai'i-ty, n. existence of mora 
than one m the same substance. 

C6n-sub-stan'ti-ate, v. to unite in one com- 
mon substance or nature. 

Cfln-sub-stSn-ti-a'tion, n. the union of the 
body and blood of Christ with the sacra- 
mental elements. 

a ritual of customs and forms.— a. cua- 

Con'sul, n. (L.) tho chief magiatrat.« 
in the ancient Roman republic ; an office* 
appointed to protect the commerce of hi 
country in foreign parts. 

C6n'su-lar, a. relating to a consul. 

COn'su-latfc, n. the office of consul. 

Fate. fat. far, fall ; m.l. mOt. there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; .jOte. nOt^nOr. mdre; ,6, " 



"'K'Sfto'liiil" "«'''=«'''-"'""' -the 

Con-suit' V. (L. consulo) to take 
counsel tofftthor ; to ask advice of ; to ro- 
ffard : to p uco.-n. the net of consulting : 
determination ; a rouncil. ^ ' 

rnni'"'^'."""' "•,"'° «"=' of conaultinff. 

l^on-sOlt'cr, n. ono wlio consults. 

^'°^'^^y'\''-Pv ^""^ *«""') to waste: 
Ton 2^''' \ ^° ''"'^fy • *° ^^ exhausted. ' 
f-on-sum a-ble, a. that may be consumed. 
j^-on-sQm'er, n. ono who consumes. 

hI: "''l.'"'."' *• the act of consuming: a 
disease that wastes away. "^ ' 

f^rtWll""' "• ""^""S' destructive; af- 
iccttd with consumption. 

ton-sQmp'tivc-ly, ad. in a consumptive way. 
Con-sum'mato, v. (L. con,.«<mOTMs) to 
complete; to perfect.-^.conplete ; perfect 
Con-som'ma e-ly, orf. completdy ; p'cVfectfv 
COn-sum-ma'tion. n. compfetion ; 'pStion! 


Con-tftc'tion, n. the act of touching; 
Con-ta ^lon, «. communication of disease by 
^ contact : infection ; pestilence, 
■on-ta ^lous, a. caught by contact. 
Con-ta'gious-ness, n. the being contagious, 
con-tain', v. (L. con, ^cra«-o) to hold ; to 

oomprehend; to comprise ; to restrain. 
Ccn-tain a-ble, a. that may be contained, 
oon-tam'er, n. ono that contains, 
con-tent , n. that which is contained. 
COn'ti-nenfe, Cfln'ti-nen-cy, «. restraint- 

self-command ; chastity. restraint , 

nnrMnn !if 'i "' ^'''^^f '■ terapemte.-n. a large 
j^on-ti-nent'al, a. relating to a continent 
Con'ti-nent-ly, «|^«hastely ; temperately. 

^dpfltf"^'^*"?;*?^^- <rL. contamino) to 

defile ; to pol ute ; to corrupt.-fl. polluted. 

Con-tam-i-na'twn. n. pollution ; deSlement. 

despise; to acorn ; to disregard;' to neglect. 
Con-tfim'ner, n. one who contemns. 
Con-t6mpt' n. the act of despising ; the state 

of being despised ; scorn ; yi'ieness disgrace! 

r«n"J-'"P*-t'*' "• ^°'"'y of contempt, 
con-temp ti-blc-ness, n. meanness ; baseness 
Con-temp ti-bly. ad. meanly; baselyr 
Con-temp tu-ous, a. scornful ; apt to despise 
Con.temp'tu-ou8-ly, ad. in a scornful Sin 

moderate ; to reduce to a lower degree. 
Con- 6m per-a-ment, n. degree of auality. 
Con-tem'per-ato.p. to moderate; to tcmnor 
Con-tem-per-a'tion, «. act of moderat^2 

^sL*?"/P^"*p' **• ^^- ^^"^ templum) to 
study; to meditate; to consider; to intend. 

'^nn ♦r;^^ ""• "• «""''«»8 thought. 

Pnn't^'" pM"'^'.«- S'^en to thoulht. 

COn'tem ^ rJ'^''-'^' '"'• ^."»' '''^"I' Attention, 
con tem-pla-tor, n. one who contemplates. 

t;OU-tgm'po-ra-ry, a. (L. con, tempus) 


! ^ »i?e's'=;[[iKfe''?ir°""^--«- 

'"ZnSr""''-"'^"' "• ^'^'■''»°''^° "» «- 
Con-tem'po-rl}c, r. to make contemporary. 
Lon-tend v. (L. fon, tendo) to strive : 

Con f/nT'" • *" ^'"^ \ '° '''«P"'e : to contest 
Co "^n^f .*"■' "• " ^'''"'^''tant ; a champion. 
Cnnlf^n'* ''"'"•"■'^''' ''ebftte ; contest. 

ri^_' :"■*"""."• s"e" »' sinie : quarrcliiom 
Con-ten t;ous-ly, at/, quarrelsonicly; 

■ten tious-ness, n. pronenesa to contest 


Con-tgnt , o, (L. cora, tentum) satisfied: 
easy; guiet.-v. to satisfy; to please- 
n.satis/action; acquiescence. »"'*««•- 

Con'MM»'i1'iP-''w**."''"^'*5 "ot repining. 

rA„ jaI,./! ' pt^vwuy content. 
Con-tCnt less, a. dissatisfied ; uneasy, 
i-tent ment,n.acquiescence ; gratrflcation 


r> ±v , ■"-">•>- f6'"""i;ution. 

capable of the same bounds. 

Conl^'I^mi'T""'' "• '1''^'?*? ^''e »ame bounds, 
con-tcr'mi-iious, a. bordering upon. 

^Vh;*.*^'''^'V"^"*"' «• <L. con, /crm) of 
the same land or country. 

Con-tgs-ser-a'tion, n. (L. con /cAAyr/i^ 

a variety ; assemblage ; colleS "^"^ 

Con-test ,v.(L. con, testis) to dispute • 

C6n test, n dispute ; debate ; quarrel. 
Con:tIs#n'.'?^ ^y ''•*'' °^'=™'«'"''55^^bate. 

rnri«!:. ^"'y- '"^- '" ** contesting manner. 
Con-Wst'less, a. not to be disputed. 

^?.fl*H^*' "• ^^' ?.''"' '^•^'"'n) the series 
?oiroiTsSei'^ '''''' ^^'^^ P-"'^^ -^^ 

r^^!I^V• "• ^" togetlwr ; firm. 
r^ri«M"''®',"- composition of parts. 
Con-tex tu-ral.a.relatingto the human frame. 

frame of beams ; the act of frkming. 

^?n°;?^'";*'"/' "; <L.con, tanffo) meet- 
ing ao as to touch ; bordering upon. 

Con «?u J;; ^."- " V*?*"""^ '• ^t"aTc„ntact. 
Con It^^I '"'y- '"^' '" '^ "'-inner to touch. 
Con-tlg'u-ous-ness, n. state of contact. 

Con'ti-nenje. See under Contain. 

Con-tin'^ent, a. (L. con, tango) hap- 
pening by chance; depending on some- 
thing el8e.-«. chance ; proportion 

of being contingent ; a casualty; an accfdon l 

Con-tln'^-ent-ly, ad. accidentally. *^"'' 

Con-tin'ue, v. (L. con, teneo) to remain 
m the same state or pl^e ; to last ; to per" 
«vere; to protract ; to extend. ' ^ 

Conlrn'II'o 'i"- '"io*^""* S.uninterrspted. 
con-Un'u-a ly, ad. unceasingly. 

Con-tJn':i-al-ness, n. permanence. 

Con-tin u-anfe, n. duration; permanence; 

Con-tln'u-ato, y. to join closely together.-^ 
a. smnioi.iatety Uaiicd ; uninteriupied. 

t[>oe,tflb,fail: cry, cr?pt. m*rrh • tftilhA* ~Z7^ ~ ; — — 

)P.,myrrM. tdll.boy,; 5ede,pm.rai|«,e{Ut,,tWi» 



ConuS ?.'n^'y' "* T"''""* Interniptlon. 
Onn"Hn''.. " J °"'"- "njnterrupted 8.,cce*ion 

rnn I „/ '^".'?''' "-.""^ '"'« continues. 
Cnn"t n mT '"'y- '^^ *l"'^"^ interruption 
rrtn'n nJ? ' "• °"^ '*''° continues. 


nA« rr y.,-\' """ """ continues. 
Ortn-t -nO'i-ty, n. uninterrupted connexion 
i-Mnu-ous, a. joined witliout interruptioi 

o«!! ;:;•"■"'"> "-J"'"™ wimout interruption 
Con-tm'u-ous-ly, ad. without interruption, 

«**":*"*;*'» "• <L. cow, /or/fim) to twist. 
Con-tor'tion, n. a twUt; wry motion. 

Con-toiir', n. (Fr.) outline of a figure. 
^^"'t>:a-l>Snd, a. (L. contra, It. Aonrfo) 
prohibited; iflegal.-n. illegaf trafflc. 

^'i^'^Ju^^''^- (L.eon, iractum) to draw 
toffether; to lessen; to abridge; to bar- 
to a^.i-in^uT' ' »°«««"««J toWire; 
Cftn'trflct.n. a covenant; a bargain; a com- 
Co^n'trlc^tpT"*"'^ containing an^j^eeS 

Con'trf ^'ff 1"'^' "^- *".* contracted manner. 
rnn"#^» 'r ,'","®^*' "• "'« being contracted. 
Con' ran '-'k ?;t *'''P''''''« of contraction. 
Con-' Mc't IP '^'" ^' ?• "'"^ *"''"» contractible. 
rnn ♦!? /» ^' "• l'?^*"*^ Po^c to contract. 

„n ^^S V""' "• "'« "«' of drawing together; 
Co-^/tw^"*^' a shrinking; abbreviation' ' 
Con-trac'tor, n. one who contracts. 

Con-tra-dict' V. {h.contrn, diclimyto 
con ^rHT^'^"^ ' *° '^'^f'^ the contrary. 
Crtn'fV^l^j!""' ^- °"^ "''^° contradicts. 
,.nl^:^'*' "°"' "• *«''*'al opposition ; in- 
consistency; contrariety. ' 

^a!!"* ""jJ ,.*.'°"''''' «• inconsistent. 
rAn\J!?iM!°"*' * inclined to contradict 
Cfintn'H^'.""""""'*'' "• inconsistencvr. 

sfs'ton; w? L'""'^' "• °PP°*"« *° 5 incon- 
CAn tr» H w^:"^''; » contrary proposition. 
r^n\^ 1° *°"5-'y> '«^- inconsistently. 
COn-tra-dlc'to-ri-ness, n. entire opposition. 

C 'n-ffib t wV "^"•^'J ^y °PP°^'t« qualities.' 
CAn tS Hi= «^1? * of opposite qualities. 

8Ue?uSi«2f'""'' "• *''*^'=«°" ''y "PPO- 
COn-tra-dia-tlnc'tive, a. opposite in qualities. 

t^rl /J? J**?'"* °"* ? syniPtom or cure con- 
Cfl^[^J?nM? ^*'"»^'^' *''"«'• °f a disorder. 
C6n-tra-In'di-eant, COn-tra-Jn-di-ca'tion n 

ofl dffrdl^"'*''''*^"'*^ ^''^ usuallJeatmeni 

^5S;*''*;1^*'""''*^»«- (I'-contra, nalum) 
opposite to nature. ' "'*'"•' 

^^I'i?"?""?^'^^^"' «• <I- contra, posi. 
turn) a placing over against. ^ 

Con-tra-punt'ist, n. (L. contra, puno- 
tum) one skilled in counterpoint. 

CSn-tra-rgg-u-lSr'i-ty, n. (L. contra 
rego) contrariety io rule. cowira, 

Con'tra-ry, a. (L. cora/ra) opposite : 
contradictory; adverse.-». a thing of op- 
posite qualities ;. a contrary proposition?^ 

Con-tra'ri-ant, a. inconsistent ; opposite" 

Crtn'tra""' f-ty* 'Kopposition; inconsistency. 

Cantra-n-ljr,fld.ina contrary manner. 

Cn^Mvl'""'',*'' "PPoo't^S repugnant 
Con-tra'r -ous-ly, mi. oppositely ;contrariI« 
C0n'tra.ri-wl|e. cut. conversolyt oppositoJy: 
Con-trSst', v. (L. contra, sio) to plac« 
in opposition, so m to exliil)it the difTorence 
CAn trast, n. opposition ; dlssimilitudu, 

C3n'tra-tSn-or. See Comitertonor. 

^?»-t'"'»:^'')l:'a'tion, n. {h. contra, ml- 
♦1. ' ''■ortiHcation round a city, to prevent 
tlio sallies of the bosiegod. *""""• 

Con-tra-vetie', v. (L. contra, venio) t» 

oppose ; to obstruct ; to bnfflo. 
tjOn-tra-vOn'er, n, one wlio opposes. 
con-tra-vCn'tion, n. opposition ; obstruction. 

a turning to tlio opposite side. 

Con-trec-ta'tion, n, (L. con, tracto) a 
touching or Jiartdling. 

Con-trib'uto, v. (L. co?i, tribntum) to 

give tp a common stock ; to bear a part, 
ton-trlb'u-ta-ry, a. paying tribute to the 

same sovereign. 
CAn-tri-bQ'tion, n. the act of contributing ; 

that wliich is given to a common stock. 
Oon-trtb'u-tive, a. tending to contribute. 
Con-trlb'u-tor, »i. one who contributes. 
Con-trlb'u-to-ry, a. promoting the same end. 
CSn'trite, a. (L. con, tritum) worn 

with sorrow ; grieved for sin ; penitent, 
i^on-trl tion, n. sorrow for sin ; penitence. 
Con-trlyo' v. (L. con, Fr. trouver) to 

r-?- ♦JJ" , , ^"° '.*" *"ve"' ! *o scheme. 
Con-trlv'a.ble, a. that may be contrived. 
Con-trlv'anfe, n. the act of contriving; th< 

thing contrived; apian; a scheme. 
ton-trlve'mer\ n. invention ; contrivance. 
Con-trlv'er, n. n inventor ; a ichemer. 

Con-trol', n. (Fr. contre, role) check ; 

restraint ; power; authority.— ». to check; 

to restrain ; to govern. ' 

Con-trol'la-ble, a. subiect to control. 
i/on-trOI ler, n. one who controls or directs. 
Con- ro ler-ship. „ the office of controller. 
Con-trol'ment, n. the act of controlling. 
CSn-tro-T^rt', v. (L. contra, varto) to 

dispute; to debate ; to contend against. 
COn'tro^ver-sy, n. dispute ; debate ; quarrel. 
CAn-tro-vor^s a , a. relating to controversy 
CAn-tro-ver'sial-ist, COn'tro-v^rt-er, Co«-. 

a dirutant' *** ""^ ^°f^S^ »" controversy ; 
CAn-tro-virt'i-ble, a. disputable. 
Cou'tu-ma-cy, n. (L. con, tumeo) obsti • 

naey; stubbornness; perverseneas. 
t;An-tu-ma fious, a. obstinate; stubborn. 
CAn-tu-ma'f lous-iy, ad. obstinately. 
C0n-tu-ma'9iou3-ness, n. obstinacy. 

C3n'tu-mo-Iy, n. (L.con, tumeo) riido 

ness ; insolence ; reproach. 
COn-tu-me'li-ous, a. reproachful ; rude. 
CAn-tu-me i-ous-ly, ad. reproachfully. 
C6n-tu-me'h-ou8-ness,M. rudeness ; reproach 

Con-tui^e', V. (L. con, /«*«»«) to bruise 
Con-tQ'jion, N. act of beating ; 't, bruise. 

Co-nun'drum, n. a low jest ; a riddle 

PSte, tat, far, fall; me, mfit. thfire. Mn nin«„Tn ft-M p- — — : 

- - ' «• — T tr-^i ..»!«, Ux i uviv, not, nor, mov«, son 





C«n-va-lt'8yent,a. (L. con, valco) ro- 
coverlnghealtli after Mckncs.. ^ 

nowal 01 .ottltl. ; recovery fr^om JTckneJ. 

Con-vt^no , «. (L. con, venio) to como 

together; to assemble • to call twether 

r,^I^\^?/ •^'* "• """ w'"» convenes. 

r .^'^a" I"^' "• "'" '»'•■* "f coniing together. 

Con-ve'ni-onvo, Con-vCnl-cn-cy, n? Htness • 

r,fn v""".'""'i''»<^' accoinmoJat 01 . ' 

Con vA„f/ "'I'y* <^- cominodiously; fltly. 
^on vent, n, an assembly of reVious npr. 

one who^ vi'»t^„'''''"'?''''f '» a convent.-^. 

Con-vCn' U^ «; ^'n^" """^mbly for worship. 
Con-vCn'tion ^'?/'*'>"*'"'''''°f«on^ 
Con-vOn't on'aT « ''''"'"l*''y ! « contract. 
Con-vC 't on-a r^J?*"?J* °" ''^ compact. 
«on-vCn't on l«t « n^ "^'"V^S^ "?°" contract, 
von vcn t'on.i8t, who umkes a contract. 

Cou-vEnicy Se"„r '^ 4'°'^^ neare ' 
tZ, ?5?''" fy* "• tendency to one point 

'rtoE'' """■^'^''f^"*' - ^-'^^ to 

COn'ver.^m* A quilftted for conversation. 
COn-vcr.Son' n"'"!l '^'^ ?:'">! ^'^'""iar. 
COn-vcr-sa't onV? • ^i^'"''f';.di8Courso ; talk. 

^tFonrconvemt- "•*""* *«> '=°°^"«- 

C9n-vert', «. (L. con, verto) to chinirn 
mo bnother form or atate ; to turn ^ 
Crtn vf *• "• °"° ^J"" » converted 
Canll?.%"- "U "PP^S'te proposition. 
ConivIPsloi;' ?^;.^"h char,go*^of order. 

Con-vfe er, n. one who converts. 

CoS-'ffi-'b l'i?v"A"**f"7 Ve converted. 
Con-virt' .b V "^' ?: "'^ ''''',7» convertible, 
'^uu vtri i-Diy, oa. reciprocally. 

CSnVex, a. (L. con, wec/Mw) risinc in 

rnn'vx*,°^>,«- "ade convex. 
S°°-^|« ?d-ly, ad. in a convex form. 

cZH^V^''^'/' S'°'""a«- form? 
c2n vAv''^V^' *" " ^^'''^^ex form. 
Con-vCx o-cfin'cave, a. convex on one side 
und concave on the other ' 

Con-vay , V. (L. con, veho) to carry • 

P*° transmit ; totransf'er; to impart ^ ' 

whllT'*"^''' "• t*>« ^<=t o^ conveK that 

JroSrtr"'"' * '''^' '°'- ^'^'^^S 

^r^S?rTn??rop'er°t'J! "'° '^^'^^ ^^^"^ ^°' 

H Jir'"';^ '5»', "• *he act or practice of 
drawing dee ds for transferring property. 

tot)*, tttb, fflll; cry, cryrt, m^rh; tail, bO?, Ofir, 

Cnr»-v^'er, n. one who conveya. 

Cda-vi-yiu'i-ty, n. (L. t-on. rwiViiwi 
neighbourhood ; nearneus. ^"""^i 

Cou-yTnye', v. (L. con, vinco) to make 
sensible of by proof ; to satisfy ; to per^e 
Con-v ct', V. to prove guilty. ' «""aae. 

can Vict, n. one found guilty. 
Ooii-vlc'tlon, n. the act of proving iniiltv 

ron'!!^!}"®'!"- ''!i''l"» P^^^' *>' convince. 
Con ylc'tiye-ly, ad. fii a convincing manner 
Con-vin^e'ment, n. the act of convincUg? 
Con-vTn'cer, n. one that convinces. 
r^I!"^,"'^"'''*'''- "'at may bo convinced. 
Pn^'J^J"/^!"^',"- PS'-si'ading by evidence. 
Con-vln fing-ly, ad. in a convincing manner. 

Con-vTv'ial, a. (L. con, vivo) relatinjr 
rm? S? eptertainment ; festive ; social. ^ 
Con-vIv-i-.,i'i-ty, »». convivial disposition. 

Con-voko , «. (L. con, voco) to call to- 
gether ; to summon to an r-.ssembly. 
con vo-cate, v. to summon to an assembly. 
COn-vo-ca'tion, n. an assembly. """"""'' 

Con-volve', v. (L. con, volm) to roll 

rrX IrV t,° '"" U"5 part on another. 
OOn vo- nt-ed,a. rolled upon itself; twisted 
COn-vo-lQ'tion, n. the act of rclUng together. 

Con-voy', V. (L. cm, veho) to accom- 

pany for defence ; to escort. 
OOn'vOy, n. attendance for dei'ence. 

Con-vulso', «, (L. con, vulsum) to affeo 

by violent motion; to shake. 
Cou-vai'sion, n. violent motion ; tumult 
Con-vQl sue, o. producing convulsion. 

Con'y, n. (D. konyn) a rabbit : a eim 

Con'v-bar.row, n. a rabbit's hcle. 
Con y-cat9li, v. to cheat ; to trick ; to deceiva 

Cod, V. to cry os i. dove or pigeon. 
C06'ing, n. the note of the dovef 

Cook, V. (L. coqm) to dress awl pre- 
pare victuals for the table.-», one who 
prepares victuals. , 

rAAVm?"'i "• t*"^ "•■.*."' «l'-es3ing victuals. 
J^A M "5 A '■' "• * ™aid that dresses victuals. 
C66k ro6m, n. a place for dressing victuals. 

Cool, a. (S. col) somewhat cojd ; not 
-rdent.-«. a moderate state of cold.--r. to 
make cool. «• v. lo 

S^^K?*".' "• 0"° f'at cools. 
C06rish, a. rather cool. 
Ca6I'Iy, ad. without heat or passion. 
Co6 ness, n. gentle cold ; indiflferenc* 
CdOl'head-ed, a. without passion. 

Coop, TO. (L. cnpa) a barrel ; a case : 
a pen for animals.-!), to shut up : to con&ie 
CdOp er, n. one who makes barrels 
COdp er-ap, n, price for cooper's work • a 
place where a cooper works. 

Co-op'er-ate, «. (L. con, opus) to work 

together J to labour for the same end. 
oo-Op-er-a'tion,n.the act of working together. 
^o:&r:t:t";'i^ Pr°™2'J'!.? t]l*'.?ame «MI. 

nO^f^.now; 9ede,fem,raije,e^t,tttt^ 

■ ^ 






t'tion, n. (L. con, opto) adop- 
. ossuinptloa. 

Co-Ot'iii-iiato, a. (L. con, ordo) liolding 

tho samo rank ; not subordinfttu. 
Co-Or'H-niitc-ly, wi. in tho »iiino rank. 
Lo-Or-ul-ua'tioD, n. equality in rank. 

C()6t, n. (D. koel) a small black water- 

cap, n. (S.) tho head ; tho top. 
Cope, n. a cover for the head ; a prlenfg 
clonk ; an arch.— v. to cover as witli a cope, 
cop ina, n. tho top or cover of a wall. 
OOpped, a. rising to a top or head. 
COp'pled, a. rising In a conical form. 

Co-pi\r'90-ner, n. (L. con, pars) ono 
wlio has an equal share of an inheritance. 

Co-pdr'ro-na-ry, n. ioint heirship. 

Co-p4rt'ner,n.ono who lias a share In business. 

Co-p4rt'iicr-ship,n. joint concern in business. 

COpo, V. (S. oenpian ?) to contend ; to 
strive; to encounter; to interchange kind- 
ne^ or sentiments. 

COpes'mate, n. a companion ; a friend. 

Co-per'ni-can,ffl.relating to Copemicnt. 

CiVpi-oiia,fl.(L. co;)m) plentiful ; ample. 
C(Vpi-ou8-ly, wl. plentifully ; largely. 
CO pi-ous-ness, n. plenty ; exuberance. 

C8p'per, n. (L. cuprum) a metal ; a 

large boiler — a. consisting of copper.— t;. 

to cover with copper. 
COp'per-lsh, a. containing or like copper. 
COp per-y,a. containing copper ; like copper. 
COp'per-nOso, n. a rod nose. 
COp'per-plato, n. a plate on which designs 

are engraved ; an impression from the plate. 
Cap'per-smlth, n. one wlio works in copper. 
C0p'per-w6rk, n. a place where copper is 

worked or manufactured. 
Cfip'per-as, n. sulphate of iron ; green vitriol. 
Cop'pice, 71, (Gr. koptol ) wood of small 

growth ; wood cut at stated times for fuel, 
Cflpse, n. a wood of small trees ; a place 

overgrown with short wood.— r. to preserve 

COp'sy, a. having copses. 

C8p'u-la, n. (L.) tho term that 'initcs 
the subject and predicate of a proposition. 

cop u-late, V. to unite ; to conjoin ; to come 
together sexually.— a. joine'l. 

COp-u-la'tion, n. embrace ii tho sexes. 

COp'u-la-tive, a. that unites or couple*,— 
n. a conjunction. 

Cop'y, n. (Fe copie) a manuscript ; 

an imitatior , a transcript ; a pattern ; 

an mdividiial book — v. to transcribe : to 

CPp'i-er, C6p'y-ist, n. one who copies. 
COp y-b06k, n. a book in which copies are 

written for Iciriicrs to '.mitate. 
COp'y-hOld, n. a t':ri'ire hy copy of court roll. 
L6p'y-hOld-er,n.oi.A >ic •',( . '• right of copyhold. 
COp y-rlght, n. i»:e vros; .! ; v which nn author 

or his assigncs ;■ -; I' v "Hsrari >^ork. 

Co-quette',, .- ,\ r.) a vain 
female, who entl .,Y'W,v. lo gain admirers. 
Co-quCt , V. to act tJi lorer from vanity. 
Co-qu6t'ry, n. trifling in love. 

Co-quCt'tiih, a. practising coquetry. 

Gtr'a-clo,n. (W. cwrwnle) a boat uMd 
by Ushers. 

CSr'al, n. (Gr. koraUinn) a hard cal- 
careous substance found in tho ocean ; • 
child's toy.— <». made of coral. 

COr'al-line, a. consisting of coral.— n. a m»- 
rine production ; a sou-plant. 

COr'ttl-lOId, C6r.(U-l0ld'ul, a. like coral. 

Co-riint', n. (L. curro) a danco. 
CorT)an, ra. (I I .) an alms-basket ; a gift. 

CGrd,n. (Gr.cAorr/e) a string; aropo, 
a 8ino;Y — I', to bind with cords. 

Cord'aKO, n. a quantity of cords ; ropes. 

Cord'ed, o. bound with cords ; furrowed. 

Cor-de-liCr', «. a Franciscan friar. 

Cor'don, cGr'dong, n. (Fr.) a line of military 

Cor'di-al, a. (L, cor) proceeding from 
the lieart ; sincere ; rtviving.- n. a medi- 
cine or drink for reviving the spirits ; any 
thing that comforts or exhilarates. 

Cor-di-fll'l-ty, n. heartiness ; sincerity. 

Cor'di-al-ly, atl heartily ; sincerely. 

Core, n. the heart ; the inner part. 

Cor'do- van, n. a kind of leather, origi- 
nally from Cordova in Spain. 
Cord'wain-er, COrd'iner, n. a shoemaker. 

Co-rii'^ont, n. (L. con, rego) a joint 

regent or governor. 

Co-ri-a'9cous, a. (L. corium) consisting 

of 'eatlier ; resembling ioathor. 

Co-rI'val. See Corrival. 

Cork, n. (L, cortex) a tree, and its 

bark ; a s'upplc.— w. to stop with corks. 
Cork y, a. consisting of cork ; like cork. 
Cork'ing.pTn, n. a pin of tho largest siza. 

Cor'mo-rant, n. (L. cornus, marinus) a 
bird that preys upon flsh ; a glutton. 

Cnrn,n. (S.) seeds v?hich growinears ; 

grain.— f. to form into grains ; to sprinkl* 

with salt ; to preserve with salt. 
Corn'y, a. containing corn. 
C(5rn'chand-ler, n. one who retails com. 
Corn'fleld, n. a field where com is f^rowing. 
Corn'flOOr, n. a floor for storing . i 
Corn'hi'ap, n. a store of com. 
Corn'uiill, n. a mill to grind com. 
Com'pipe, n. a pipe made of a rLn" o'' c.itn. 
COrn'wam, n. a waggon loaded >»Uli corn. 

Cor'ne-ous, a. (L. cornu) homy ; re- 
sembling born. 

Corn, n. an excresi^ence on the feet 

Corn'oge, r». an ancient tenure of lands, 
which obliged the tenant to give notice ol 
invasion by blowing a horn. * 

C3r'ne-a, n. the horny coat of the eye. 

Cor'ni-cle, n. a little horn. 

Cor-nlc'u-late, Cor-nl^'er-ous, a. homed. 

Cor-nDte', v. to bestow horns ; to cuckold. 

Cor-nQt'ed, a. having horns ; cuckolded. 

Cor-nu'to, n. a man with horns ; a cuckold. 

Cor-nQ'tor, n. a cuckold-maker. 

VU9,m, tir, fall; me, met, thfiro, Wr; pine, pin, field, fUr; uOto, nflt, nOr, m6re, aAnl 

COR 07 

Cflrn'cOt-ter, m. one who extirpates corni. 
CiVnol, Cor-nCl'ian-trfO. n. a plant 
car-nu-cO'pi-o, n. (L.) tbo horn of plenty. 

Cor-noriau-stOno. Soo Carnclian. 

Cclr'nor, n. (L. cornu) w antrlo ; a 

aecrct or remote place ; the lu.iiost limit. 
Cor'iioroil, a. having corners or angles. 
Cfjr'ner-stOno, n. the stone which unites two 

walls at the comer ; the principal stone. 

Cfir'net, n. (L. comn) a musical in- 
itruini>nti an officer who bears the stan- 
dard of a troon of cavalry. 

COr'net-fy, n. tiie commission of a comet. 

C3r not-er, n. a blower of the comet. 

Cui'nish, a. relating to Oamttmll.—n. 
the people or language of Oorawall. 

C«r'ol-la-ry, n. (L. corolla) a conclu- 
sion ; an inference j a consequence ; surplus. 

Co-ro'na, n. (L.) the large flat member 
of a cornice, wliich crowns the entablature. 

Cor nl9e, n. the top of a wall or column. 

C6r'o-nal, n. a crown ; a garland. 

Co-ro'nal, a. belonging to the top of the head. 

COr'o-na-ry, a. relating to a crown. 

Crtr-o-na'tion,n.act or solemnity of crowning. 

COr'o-ner, n. an officer who inquires i.ito the 
cause of any casual or violent death. 

Ciir'o-net, n. a crown worn by the nobility. 

Cor'po-ral, n, (Fr. caporal) the lowest 
officer of Infantry. 

Cor'po-ral, a. (L. corpus) relating to 

the body ; material ; not spiritual. 
Cor'po-ral, COr'po-rale, n. a linen cloth used 
to cover the sacred elements In the eucharist, 
Cor-po-ral'i-ty, n. state of being embodied. 
Oor'po-ral-ly, ad. bodily; In the body. 
Ci3r'po-rate, a. united In a body; general. 
Cui-'po-rate-ly, ad. in a corporate papacity. 
Cor-po-ra'tlon, n. a body politic, or society, 

author'^ed by law to act as a single person. 
Cor-pcVre-al, a. havinga body ; not spiritual. 
Cor-pO're-al-ist, n. a materialist. 
C()r-pO're-al-ly,ad.ln a bodily form or manner. 
Liir-po-re'i-ty, n. the state of having a body, 
("or-po're-ous, a. having a body ; bodily. 
Corps, cor, n. (Fr.) a body of soldiers. 
Corpse, COrse, n. a dead body. 
Cor mi-lenfo, Cor'pu-len-py, n. bulkinoss of 

body ; fleshiness ; excessive fatness. 
Cor'pu-lent, a. bulky; fleshy; fat. 
Cor'pu3-9le, n. a small body ; a particle. 
Cor-pQs'cu-lar, a. relating to corpuscles. 
Cor-pQs-cu-la'ri-an, a. relating to bodies.— n, 

an advocate for the corpuscular philosophy. 
Corse'let, n, light armour for the body. 
Cor'set, >». (Pr.) a bodice for a woman. 

Cor-ra-di-a'tion. n, (L. con, radius) a 
conjunction of rays in one point. 

Cor-rect', v. (L. con, rectum) to make 

right; toamend; to chastise; to punish 

a. free frftn faults ; right ; accurate. 

Cor-rec'tlon , n. the act of correcting ; amend- 
ment; discipliJie; punishment. 

ForrCc'tive, a. having power to correct 

n. that which coirects. 

Cor-rCct'Iv, ad. in a correct manner. 

Cor-rCet'iiess, n. accuracy ; exactness. 

Cor-rec'tor. H. one who cnrrprta 


Cor r?y'l-dor. n. (Sp.) i, Spanish maglrtni 
corn-^j-^Se, a. tlmi may be corrected. 

Cflr're-lato, n. (L. con. re, latum) one 
tliat stands in an opposite relation. 

Cor-rCl'atlve. reciprocal relation. 
— n. that which has )» reciprocal relation. 

Cor-rgp'tion. n. (!<. cnn,raptum) chid- 
ing; reproof; reprthensiou, 

CtJrro-spfud', v. (L. con. re, spondeo) 
to suit ; to answer; to agree; to ho iro- 
portlonate ; to hold Intercourse by letters. 

COr-re-spOn'denve, Cor-re-spfln'don-cy, n. 
relation ; fltness : intercourse ; interchang* 
of letters or civilities. 

COr-ro-spfln'dent, a. suitable ; adapted.— n. 
one who holds intercourse by letters. 

COr-re-spftn'dent-ly, ad. suitably; fitly. 

Cflr re-spftn'dlng, p. a. answering ; agreeing, 

OOr-re-spOr slve, a. answerable; adapted- 

C^r'ri-dOr, n. (Fr.) a gallery round a 
building ; a covered way round a fortitica- 
tlon ; a passage ; a long aisle. 

Cor-ri'val, n. (L. con, rivus) a fellow 
T\va\.—a. contending.— D. to vie with. 

Cor-rI'val-ry,Cor-rI'val-8hip, n. competition. 

C8r'rl-vate, v. (L. con, rivus) to draw 
water out of several streams Into one. 

Cflr-ri-va'tion, n. the uniting of waters. 

Cor-r8b'o-rate, v. (L. con, rw)ur) to 

strengthen ; to conflrm.-a. confirmed. 
Cor-r6b'o-rant, a. giving strength, 
Cor-rfib-o-ra'tion, n. the act of confirming. 

"■"L^^u ?"™"''^^' * stfengthening.— n. that 
which increases strengtiu 

Cor-rOde', v. (L. con, rodo) to cat away 
by degrees ; to prey upon ; to consume. 

l/or-rO dent, a. having the power of corrou- 
Jng. -n. that which eats away. 

n2'"''nMi'?l^' *'• *2 *=*' '^"^y »>y de-rees. 
Cor-rO di-blo, a. that may be corroded. 
Cor-rO-si-bll'l-ty, ». the being corrodlble. 
cor-rO s on, n. act of eating away by degree* 
Cor-rOslve, a. consuming; wearing away i 
fretting ; vexlng.-n, that which consumM. 
ror-rO sive-ly, ad. In n corrosive manner. 
Cor-rO'sive-ness, n. the quality of corroding. 

Cor'ru-gate,u.(L. con,runa) to wrinkle : 

to purse up — a. contracted. 
COr-ru-ga'tion, »j. contraction Into wrinklet. 

Cor-rupt',r.(L.con,rt/p/?(m) to change 
from a sound to a putrid state ; to deprave : 
to pervert; to bribe.— a. tutoted ; un' 
sound; vicious. 

Cor-rOpt'er, n. one who corrupts. 

Cor-rQp'ti-ble, a. that may be cormpted. 

Cor-rap-t}-bll'i-ty, n. the being corriiptible. 

Cor-rOp ti-bly, ad. in a corrupt manner. 

cor-rQp tion, n. wickedness ; perversion i 
putrescence; taint; bribery! >=""'» 

Cor-rDp'tive, a. tending to corrupt. 

Cor-rQpt'less, a. free from corruption. * 

Cor-ropt'iy, ad. in a corrupt manner. 

Oor-rQpt ness, n. the state of being corrurt 

Cor-rQp'tress, n. a female who corrupts. 

Cor'sair, n. (L, cursum) a pirate. 

tabe, tnb, fail i crj. crypt, rajrrh ; tail, b5y, 60r, nb<v, new , fede, jem, ralje. e^isTtbl^ 





C8r8 nod, n. (S. cors, snced) the morsel 
of execration, a pieco of broad to be swal- 
lowed as a trial of innocv xs. 

Cor-tego', cor-tazh',n. (Fr.) a train of 

Cor'tox. n. (L.) bark ; the cover. 
Cor'ti-cal, a. belonging to the bark. 
CGr'ti-cat-ed, a. resembling bark. 

Co-rus'cate, v. (L. conisco) to flash. 

Co-rQs'cant, a. flashing; glittering. 
Odr-us-ca'tion, n. a sudden burst of light 

Cor-yStte', n. (Fr.) an advice-boat. 

Cor'vo-: ant. See Cormorant. 

Cor-y-bSn'tic,a. (L. Corybantes) madly- 

Cor-y-phe'us, n. (Gr. horuphl) the 
chief of a company. 

Cos-met'ic, n. (Gr. !:osmoa) a prepara- 
tion to improve beauty.— a. beautifying. 

C8,j'mi-cal, a. (Gr. kosmos) relating to 
the world ; rising or setting with the sun. 

COj'mi-cal-ly, ad. with the sun. 

Coj-mOg'o-ny, n. the creation of the world. 

Co j-mOg'o-niBt , n. one who describes creation. 

Coj-mftg'ra-phy, n. the science which treats 
of the general system of the -vorid. 

Cof-mflg'ra-pher, n. a describer o ' the world. 

Oflj-mo-graph'i-cal, a. describing he world. 

COf-mo-grflph'i-cal-ly, ad. in a manner re- 
lating to the structure of the world. 

Cflf-mo-plfts'tic, a. forming the world. 

Co|-mOp'o-lIte, n, a citizen of the world. 

CSst, TO. (Ger. host) price ; charge ; 
expense; luxury; loss. — v. to be bought 
for ; to be had at a price : p. (. and p. p. eOst. 

COst'less, a. without expense. 

Cdst'ly, a. expensive ; of a high price. 

C6st'U-ness, n. expensiveness. 

Cos'tal, a. (L. casta) belonging to the 
ribs or side. , 

Cos'tard,n.ahead ; a large round apple. 
Cfls'tard-mon-ger, Crts'ter-mon-gor, n. a 
dealer in apples ; a fruiterer. 

CSs'tive, a. (L. eon, stipo ?) bound in 

body; constipated; close; cold; formal. 
C6s'tive-ne3i, n. state of being costive. 

Cos-tQme', n. (Fr. coutume) style or 
mode of dress. 

Co-suf fer-er. n, (L. con, sub,fer6) one 
who suffers along with another. 

Gl-su-premo', n. (L. con, supremus) a 
partaker of suprema''y. 

est, n. (S. cota) a small house ; a hut ; 

a sheep-fold ; a bed ; a hammock. 
Cote, n. a cottage ; a slieep-fold. 
Cot'tag:e, n. a small house ;«a nut. 
Cfit'taged, a. having cottages. 
Cflt'ta|:e-'y, a. suitable to a cottage. 
Crtt'tar^er, n. one who lives In a cottage. 
Crtt'ter, COtt'ier. n. one who lives tn a cot- 

Co-tem'gc-ra-ry. See Contemporary. 

Cot'er-io, n. (Fv.) a friendly or fashion 
able association. 

Co-til'lon, co-til'yong, n. (Fr.) a brisk 
lively dance. 

Cot'quean, n. (Fr. coguin ?) a man who 
busies himself with women's affairs. 

Cot'ton, n. (L. cotoneumi) a plant; 

the down of the cotton-plant ; clotn made 

of cotton.— a. pertaining to cotton ; inada 

of cotton. 
C6t'ton-ous, Cat'ton-y, a. full of cotton; 

soft like cotton ; downy. 

CiJt-y-l6'don, n. (Gr. kotult) a seed lobe. 

Cofi9h,». (Fr. coucher) to lie down ; to 
stoop ; to repose ; to include ; to fix a spear 
in the rest ; to remove a cataract from tiie 
eye. — n a seat of repose ; a bed. 

Caa9h'ant, a. lying down. 

Couch'ee, cflsh'ee, n. (Fr.) bedtime. 

COOfh'er, «. one who couches cataracts. 

C0tl9h'ing, w. the act of bending. 

CA09h'fel-low, n. a bedfellow ; a companion. 

C6&9h^ass, n. a weed. 

Cough, cof, TO. (D. kuoh) a convulsion 
of the limgs.— w. to have the lungs con- 
vulsed ; to eject by a cough. 

Could, cud, p. i. of can. 

Coul'ter, TO. (L. culler) the fore iron 
of a plough, which cuts the earth. 

C6\xn'qil,n. (h. concilium) an assembly 
for consultation, deliberation, or advice j 
the body of privy counsellors. 

Con-9ll'iar, a. relating to a council. 

Cdtln'9il-lor, n. a member of a council. 

Cflan'9il-bOard, C6Dn'c!il-ta-ble,"n. thetablt 
round which a council deliberates. 

Coiin'sel, n. (L. consilium) advice ; di- 
rection ; consultation ; secrecy ; an advo 
cato.— w. to give advice ; to advise. 
C6Qn'sel-la-ble, a. willing to follow advice. 
CdQn'sel-lor, n. one wlio gives advice. 
CftQn'sel-lor-ship, n. tlie office of a counsellor, 
COOn'sel-keep-er, n. one who keeps a secret 
Caon'sel-keep-ing, a. keeping secrets. 

Count, V. (L. con,puto) to number , to 
reckon.— n. number ; reckoning ; a charge. 

COflnt'a-ble, a. that may be numbered. 

COOnt'er, n, a substitute for money used in 
counting ; a reckoner ; a shop-table. 

C6flnt'less, a. that cannot be numbered. 

C(50nt'er-cflst, n. a delusive contrivance. 

CfiOnt'er-cast-er, n a book-keeper. 

COOnt'ing-hOflse, m. a room for accounts. 

Count, TO. (L. comes) a foreign title. 
COOnt'ess, n. the wife of an earl or couiH, 
COant'y, n. a shire ; a circuit or district. 

CSiin'te-nanfe, to. (L. con, tetieo) form 
of the face ; air ; look ; comnpsure ; pa- 
tronage ; support,- 1). to supiWrt ; to pa- 
tronise ; to encourage. 

Coan'te-nan-9er, n. one who countcnanix.15, 

Coiint'er, a. (L, contra) contrary to. 

Coun-ter-uct', v., actum) t* 

act contrary to ; to hi^idr 
COQn-ter-ftc'tion, n. opposition ; hindrance. 

Fate, ftttfAr, CUl; me, m6t, there, h5r; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, mdve, sin/ 




C8un-ter-at-<rac'tion, n. (L., 
traetum) opposite attraction. 

Coun-ter.baran9e, v. (L. contra, bis, 
latuc) to weigh against.— n. opposite weight. 

Coiin'ter-buff.u. {lj.conlra, li.buffetto) 
to repel ; to strilte back.— n. a blow in a 
contrary direction. 

Coun'ter-phan^e, n. (L. contra. Ft. 
c/ianger) reciprocation.— «. to exchange. 

Coun'ter-charm, n. (L. contra, carmen) 
tliat which breaks a charm.— ». to destroy 
enchantment. ' 

Coun'ter-9heck, v. (L. contra, Fr. echec) 
to opposp ; to stop.— n. a rebuke ; a stop. 

Coun-ter-ev'i-dence, n. (L. contra, e, 
^taeo) opposite evidence. 

Cotm'ter-feit,t). i:L. contra, factum) to 
forge; to copy; to feign.-a. forged ; fleti- 
tioua ; deceitful.— impostor : a forirerv 

n^S'V!''''?^*"f' "• ^^o'Ke*": an impostor. 
C^On ter.felt-ly, od. falsely; fictitiously. 
C6fln ter-felt-ness, n. tha being counterfeit. 

Coun-ter-f^r'ment, n. (L. contra, fer- 
meraum) ferment opposed to ferment. 

Coun-ter-m'flu-enge, v. (L. contra, in, 
Jluo) to hmder by contrary influence. 

CSun-ter-mSnd', v. (L. contra, mando) 

to revoke a command. 
COOn'ter-mand, n, repeal of a former order. 

Coun-ter-march', v. (L. mitra. Fr 

marcher) to maroh back. 
CdCn'ter-maryh, n> .. marching back. 

C6un'ter-mark,n. (L. contra, S. mearc) 
an after mark on goods or coin. 

Coun'ter-m!ne, n. (L. contra, Fr. mine) 
A mine to frustrate one made by an enemv. 
—V. to defeat secretly. 

Coun'ter-mure, n. (L. contra, murus) 
a wall behind another. 

Coun'ter-nSije, n. (L. co?itra, noxia) a 
sound by which any noise is overpowered. 

Coun'ter-paje, n. (L. contra, passus) 
contrary measure 

Coun'ter-pane, n. (counterpoint) a co- 
Yerlet for a bed. z' / w 

Coun'tflr-pdrt, n. (L. contra, pars) a 
correspondent part ; a copy. 


to oppose one plot by another. 
COUn ter-pldt, n. a plot opposed to a plot. 
voim ter-plot-ting, n. the aet of opposing. 

Coiin 'ter-p6Tnt,n. ( L. contra,punctum) 
a coverlet woven in squares ; the art of 

^composmg harmony; an opposite point. 

C6un', v. (L. contra, Fr. 
pf^er) to counterbalance.— M. equivalence 
01 weight. 

Coun'ter-pSi-5!on, n. (L. contra, patio) 
an antidote to poison. 

Cmin-ter-prgs'sure, n. (L. contra,pres- 
tum) opposite force. 

^1"^'*^'^"P^"-J<^''*' "• (I" contra, pfA 
Jactum) an opposing scheme or project. 

the exterior slope of a ditcii round a forti- 
ned place ; a covered way. 

Coun'ter-seal, v. (L. contta, sigillum) 
to seal with another. *^ ' 

Coun'ter-sign, coun'ter-sTn, v. (.contra, 
ngnum) to sign what has already baeo 
signed by a superior.— n. a military watch- 
word. »»».•«- 

Coun-ter-stat'ute, n. (L. contra, statu- 
turn) a contradictory ordinance. 

Coun'ter-stroke, n. (L. contra, S. astri- 
can) a stroke returned. 

Coun'ter-sway, n. (L. contra, D 
fftrnaj/ea) opposite influence. 

CSun'ter-taste, n. (L. coM/m, Fr. tdter) 
false taste. ' 

Coun'ter-tgn-ori n. (L. contra, teneo) 
a part in music between the tenor and the 

Coun'ter-tide, ». (L. contra, S. tid) a 
contrary tide. "^ 

Coun'ter-tlme, n. (L. contra, S. tinrn) 
resistance; opposition; defence. 

Coun'ter-turu,n. (L. contra, S. tvman\ 
the haight of a play. 

CSun'ter-vail, v. (L. contra, valeo) to 
have equal force or value.— «. equ^ weight. 

Cofin'ter-view, n. (L. contra, Fr.vue) 

opposition; contrast. 

Coiin'ter-Yote, v.iL. contra, votuni) to 

oppose ; to outvote. 

Coun'ter-weigh, coiin'ter-wa, v. (L. 
cmilra, S. tvcBg) to weigh against. 

Coun'ter-wheel,t>. (LrContra, S.Imeol) 
to wheel in an opposite direction. 

Coun'ter-work, y. (L. contra, S. wSorc) 
to work in opposition to. 

Coun'try, n. (L. con, terra) a tract of 
land ; a region ; one's native soil of resi- 
dence; rural parts, opposed to town or 
city.— a. rustic ; rural ; rude. 

CoOn'tri-fled, a. rustic ; rude. 

Cofin'try-man, n. one born in the same 
country ; a rustic ; a farmer. 

Count'y. See under Count. 

Couple, n. (L. copula) two ; a pair ; 

the male and female ; man and wife ; ■ 

chain.— 1». to join ; to marry. 
CoOp'le-ment, «. union. 
Coap'let, n. two verses ; a pair. 
CoQp'ling, n. that which couples ; junction. 

Cour'a^e, n. (L. cor) bravery ; valour. 
Cour-a'pous, a. brave ; daring; bold. 
Cour-a'|eous-ly, ad. bravely ; boldly. 

Cou-rant', n. (L. curro) a dance ; any 
thing that spreads quick, as a news|Miper. 

♦fl«)e. ttib, m\ ; cry. crypt, m^rrh ; tfitl, boy, flflr, nOw, new; jede, gem, raife, e jirt, thh^ 






I ■ > 
F r t 

' i 

Coa'ri-er, n. a messenger sent in haste. 

Course, n. (L. cur»um) race ; career ; 
progress ; order ; conduct ; inclination ; 
ground for racing; track in whicli a siiip 
sails ; number of dislies set on a table at 
once : pL tlie menses.— ». to run ; to liunt. 

COur'ser, n. a swift horse ; a hunter. 

COur'sing, n. hunting with greyhounds. 

Court, n. (Fr. cour) the residence of a 
sovereign ; the attendants of a sovereign ; 
a hall or place where ' >ice is adminis- 
tered ; an assembly of judges ; address ; 
flattery; an inclosed place in front of a 
house; a space inclosed by houses.— v. to 
solicit ; to woo ; to flatter. 

COurt'er, n. one who courts. 

COurt'ier, n. one who frequents court ; ouo 
who courts favour. 

Cjurt'llke, a. elegant ; polite. 

Court'ling, n. a retainer of a court. 

COurt'ly, a. relating to a court ; elegant ; 
flattering — ad, in the manner of a court. 

Court'li-ness, n. elegance of manners. 

COurt'ship, n. the act of soliciting ; the act 
of making love to a woman. 

Conr'te-ous, a. polite ; well-bred ; civil. 

CoOr'te-ous-ly, ad. politely; respectfully. 

CoQr'te-ous-ness, n. civility ; compl .isance. 

CoOyte-atr, n. civility ; complaisance; respect. 

Cotlrte'sy, n. reverence made by women.— 
V. to make a rpvcrence, . 

Cofir'te-zin, n. a prostit ate. 

COurt'breed-ihg, n. education at court. 

Court'day, n. the day on which a court sits. 

COurt'hand, n. the -nanner of writing used 
in records and judicial proceedings. 

Court-m&r'tlal, n. a court of officers for 
trymg offences in the army or navy. 

Cous'in, cuz'n, n. (Fr.) the child of 
an unci* or aunt ; a kinsman. 

Cove, n. (S. cof) a small creek or 
bay ; a shelter.— v. to arch over. 

Cor's-nant, n. (L. con, venio) an agree- 
ment ; a compact.— r. to bargain ; to con- 
tract ; to agree. 

Cov-e-nan-tOe', n. a party to a covenant. 

C6v e-nant-er, n, one who makesa covetfant. 

C^v'er, V. (L. con, operio) to over- 
spread; to conceal; to hide; to sh^;lter.— 
n. a concealment ; veil; shelter; defence. 

C6v'er-cle, n. a small cover; a lid. 

Cov'er-ing, n. any thing spread over ; dress. 

Cov er-let, n. tho upper covering of a bed. 

Cov'ert, n. a shelter ; a defence; a thicket.— 
a. sheltered ; secret ; insidious. 

Cov'ert-ly, ad. secretly; close! v. 

Cov^er-ture, n. shelter ; defence ; tho state 
of being a married woman. 

Cov'et, V. (L. con, votum) to desire in- 
ordinately; to have a strong desire. 
Cov'et-ing, n. inordinate desire. 
C6v'e-tou3, a. avaricious; gioedy. 
Cov'e-toiis-ly, ad. avariciously ; greedily. 
Cov o-tous-u£33, n. eagerness of gain ; avarice. 

Cov'ey, n. (L. cubo) a brood of birds. 

Cov'in, n. (L. con, venio) a deceitful 


Cov'c-noua, uov'i-iious, «. deceitful. 

Cow, n. (S. cu) the female of the bull 
COw'hfird, n. one who tends cows. 
COw'hftQse, n. a house in which cows are kept 
Cflw'le09h, n. one who professes to cure cowa 
Cdw'keep-er, n. one who keeps c jws. 
C6w'like, a. resembling a cow. 
Cfl\v'pttx, n. the vaccine disease. 
COw'sIip, n. a species of primrose. 

Cow,u.(Sw.A:M/z<ja)todepress with fear. 

Cow'ard, n. (Fr. couard) one wanting 
courage; apoltroon.— a. dastardly; timid, 

COw'ar-di^e, n. want of courage ; fear. 

C6w'ard-llke, a. acting as a coward. 

C6w'ard-ly, a. fearful ; pusillanimous ; mean 
— ad. in thb manner of a coward. 

Cflvv'ard-li-ness, n. timidity ; pusillanimity. 

CSw'er, V. (W. cwrian) to sink by 

bending the luiees ; to crouch. 
Cowl, n. (S. cyjle) a monk's hood ; a 

vessel for carrying water. 
Cfiwled, a. wearing a cowl ; hooded. 
Cdwl'staff, n. a staff for supporting a cowl. 

Co-work'er, n. (L. con, S. weorc) one 

engaged in the same work. 
Cox'comb, n. {cock's comb) a comb 

formerly worn by licensed fools ; a fop. 
C6x'c0rab-ly, a. like a coxcomb ; foolish. 
Cox-cOm'i-cal, a. foppish; conceited; vain. 

Coy, a. (L. guies ?) shy ; modest ; 

reserved.— V. to behave with reserve; to 

caress ; to stroke ; to allure. 
Cfiy'ish, a. somewhat coy ; reserved. 
Cfly'ly, ad. with reserve ; shyly. 
Cay'ness, «. raserve ; shyness. 

Coys'trel. See Coistril. 

Coz, n. a familiar word for cousin. 

Coz'en, ciiz'n, v. (D. koosen) to cheat. 
C6z'en-a^e, n. fraud ; deceit ; trick. 
Coz'en-er, n. one who cheats. 

Crab, n. (S. crabba) a shell-fish ; a 
wild apple ; a peevish person ; one of the 
signs of the zodiac— v. to sour. 

Crab'bed, a. peevish ; morose; difficult. 

Crab'bed-ly, ad. peevishly ; morosely. 

Crab'bed-ness, n. sourness ; asperity. 

Crab'by, a. difficult ; perplexing. 

CraTjer, n. the water-rat. 

Crack, v. (Fr. craquer) to break into 
chinks ; to split ; to burst ; to craze ; to 
boast.— n. a chink ; a flaw ; a sudden noise ; 
craziness; a boast. 

Crack'er, n. one that cracks ; a boaster ; a 
firework ; a hard biscuit. 

Crac'kle, v. to make slight cracks ; to make 
small and frequent noises. 

Crack'ling, n. a small frequent noise. 

Crack'nel, n. a hard brittle cake. 

Crack'brained, a. cra»y. 

Cra'dle, n. (S. cradel) a moveable bed 
. in which infants are rocked ; a case for a 
broken limb. — v. to lay or rock in a cradle. 
Cra'dle-clothe|, n. bed clothes for a cradle. 

Craft, n. (S. crceft) manual art ; trade ; 

fraud: cunning; small ships. 
Crafty, a. cunning ; artful ; sly. 

Fate, fat, Ut, fall, ms, met, thfire, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nOr, mfive, siJni 



fV^M^n'.**- cunn'ngly; artfully. 
(w5 **'*• "• cunn'n?; stratagem, 
trafts'nian n. an artiffcer ; a mechanic. 
Crafts'mas-ter, ». a man skiUed in hi" trade, 

Sed' l^fi.n''^/^^ * '°"«^ s*<2ep rock, 
urag-ged, a. full of crags ; rugged. 

Crag^ged-ness. n. fuUntss of cilgs 

Crag;gy,a.rocky; rugged; rmfgh. . 

Crag'g.-ness, n. the stite of being craggy, 

^t&t^; ^% crammian) to stuff; to 
thrust m by force ; to eat beyond satilty. 

Cram^o,n. a play at rhymes; a rhyme. 
l>5mp, n. (D. kramp) a soasmodic 

piece of bent iron.-v. to paia with snasm^ • 

to confine ; to bind with cramp -TdTffi: 

cult : knotty ; troublesome. 
Cramp fish, n. the torped" 
Cramp i-ron, n. a piece of bent iron. 
Cranfh. See Craunch. 
Crane, n. (S. cran) a bird ; a machine 

for raismg heavy goods ; a crooked pipe. 

Cran.i-61 o-gy, n. the study of the skulls of 
animals in connexion with their faculties 
and propensities. lacuiues 

Crankae, ». to break into bends or angles. 

Crank,a.(D. ArranA)stout : bold ; liable 
to be overset. * "auio 

CrSn'ny, n. (L. cr^wa) a chink ; a cleft 
Cran'nied, a. fuU of chinks. * 

Grants, n. «/. (Ger. Arrant) garlands 


Cra'ven, n. (crave ?) a coward ; & re. 

creant.-^.cowardly.-,>. to makVcowMdlJ* 

Craw, n. (Dan. kroe) the crop of bird* 

Craw'fish, Cray'fish, n. (Fr. ecrevisse^ 
a small crustaceous liah. • "'^revwsej 

Crawl, «. (D. krielen) to creeo • ia 

move as a worm ; to moCe slowly! ' 
Crawl'er, n. one that crawls. ^ 

Crr 'on, n. (Fr.) a kind of pencil 
Craze, v. (Fr. ecraser) to break • to 
CrvfpH' *« "JJw'd" the Intellect ^* *° 

r^v^^* "• *'™l'en; disordered in intellect 
Cra'z -ness. n. weakness ; di«,rder of mhid. 
Creak, V. ( W. crecian) to make a sharn 
harsh grating sound. *»-oaBnarp 

Cre vk uig, n. a harsh grating sound. 

^^^»^.' ?t: ^J'-f «'«<»•) the oily part of 

cS'?,' ^'"" °^'''«'"° .• "ke cream. 
Cream'fafed, a. pale; cowardly. 

Crease, n. (T. kroesen) a mark left bv 

a fold.-.«. to mark by doubling. ^ - 

Cre-aty, v. (L. creaium) to form out 
of nothing; to make; to cause; top^diS 
Sell' v«' ^' r* -"^ 'i?''""« '• *he im^vcT^!* 
Sl-1'tor „ th» n*!? "'« P°*^er to creat^^ 
r,Ll: • ' *"® ^"^'"ff *no creates. 
Crea'ture, n. a created being :Tnv thin^ 
created; an animal; a denendkn? ; ^a word 

CMaWP ^'';^^l°"^"8 *° * "mature. 

J^fw: ®"Y? "• ''•'^ a creature. 

Crea ture-ship, n. the state of a creature. 

^Sy woveT'- '''^'^ ^ ^^^ «*»ff 
CrSp'u-la, n. (L.) a surfeit. 
CrSsh, «. (Fr. ecraser) to make a noise 
as of things faUingand breakingt to bS 
r.*s''i™"®—**- " ''^"d mixed noise ' 

Crash'mg, n. a violent mixed noise 

Cra'sis, ». (Gr.) the temperament • the 
mingling of two vowels in one Sle 

cS^t^^^i^hj'i^-V^^ «^o«s J coarse, 
ijras si-ment, n. thickness. 

rrLV'nii"^®' "• Jfossness; coarseness. 
Crass'ness, n. grossness. 

£?A "• ^h '"''^'^*> a, frame for hay. 
Crate, n, a wicker pannier ; a hamper. ^ 

Crfi'ter, n. (L.) the mouth of a volcano 

^Sthet'out-h!^-*'^^^"'*^"> *« ''^'^ 
Cra-vat', n. (Fr. crayfffe) a neckcloth. 

^♦!T5i!'-,^^-^*'«.A«") to ask earnestly : 
era ver, n. one who craves. 
^^^ ^"^S, n. unreasonable desire. 

— ** »-™»'ur( 

Cre'brous, a. (L. creSer) frequent. 

^Sa "• ^^- ^^^'^^^ that which is be. 

Crf d^n^^^ "• •'^ 'fr* >"f *>" ! confldenc" 
Cie-d6n'da, n. p/. L. things to be believed 

r^!^«"l'.'^ ^y «f belief ; having credit 
Cre-dCn'tml, n. that which entitle! tS credit 

CrM {"ht1J.1- ^''^^ V'^y ''° believed. 
rrM'?"Ki" *'*5'« "• «='^"n to belief. 
Cr1d'"h r^SS"'"- ^'"•'hiness of belief. 
CrM'it ^' 1^1,'iJ * IT''""" claiming belief, 
vrea It, n. belief; honour; good ODininn • 

ffil«: *»•"«' reposed; influence-,? to b": 

S |l:Kg:r •w'l-trs^" ' ""-*'-• 

cJld' IrhJ t;*'r? '"''? *'"'^«' "•• gives credit. 
J^ !?/."• "• * female creditor. 
rlt^^^}'^^\**- easiness of belief. 
rrM'.'J'^^.V^"'^' ***• *"»> easy belief. 
Crfid u-lous-ness, »». aptness to believe. 

Creek, n. (S. crecca) a small inlet • t 
„ bay ; a cove ; a turn. ' ' * 

Creek'y, a. full of creeks ; winding. 

-1-7 -- — •■'■! r-j-itit.) lu iiiovc as a 
worm ; to move slowly or feebly; to jrrow 
along; to steal in; tofawn: p.Yandp.p 

♦abe, tab. fail; „,, crypt, m^rh; tmi. b«y. «ur. n.v.. ne* ; '^^^^:^;;;:;.^,^::~^:^ 




Orecp'er, n. one that creeps. 
Creep'ing-ly, ad. slowly ; like a reptile. 

Cre-ma'tion, n. (L. cremo) a burning. 

Cre'mor, n. (L.) a creamy substance. 

Cre'na-ted, o. (L. crena) notched. 

Cre-pus'cu-line, Cro-pus'cu-lous, a. 
(L. creptuculum) glimmeriiig. 

Crg3'9ent, a. (L. cresco) increasing ; 
growing. — n. the moon in her state of 
increase ; any thing in the shape of the new 
moon. — V. to form into a crescent. 

CrC8'9ive, a. increasing} growing. 

Crgss, n. (S. cerse) an herb. 

Crcs'set, n. (Fr. croisette) a light on a 
beacon ; a torch. 

Crg3t,n.( feathers ; 

a lielraet ; the comb of a cock ; a tuft ; 

pride ; spirit— v. to furnish with a crest ; 

to marlc with streaks. 
CrCst'ed, a. havibg a crest. 
CrCstI' ss, a. without a crest. 
CrCst'faiion, a. dejected ; dispirited. 

Cre-ta'ceous, a. (L. ereta) abounding 
with ctialk ; like chalk. 

Crev'ige, n. (L. crepo) a crack ; a cleft. 
— V. to crack ; to flaw. 

CreWjCrA, n. {S,cruth) a company; 
a ship's company. 

Crew, crfi, p. /. of crow. 

Crew'e], cru'el, n. (D. klewel) yarn 
twisted and wound on a ball. 

Crib, n. (S. cryb) a manger ; a stall ; 
a cottage ; a child's bed. — v. to shut up ; 
to confine. 

Crib'bage, n. a game at cards. 

Crick, n. (S. cricc) a painful stiffness 
in the neck. 

Crick'et, n- '.D. hreken) an insect. 

Crick'et, n. (S.mcc) a game. 

Cri'er. See under Cry. 

Crime, n. (L. crimen) a great fault ; 

a wicked act ; an offence. 
CrIme'fCkl, a. wicked ; contrary to virtue. 
Crlme'iess, a. without crime ; innocent. 
Cilm'i-nal, a. guilty; wicked; relating to 

crime. — n. one accused or guilty of a crime. 
Cr1m-i-nal'i'ty, n. state of being criminal. 
Crlm'i-nal-ly, ad. wickedly; guiltily. 
Crlm'i-nate, v. to charge with crime. 
Cr1m-i-na'tion, n. accusation ; charge. 
Crlm'i-na-to-ry, a. accusing ; censorious. 
Crim'i-nous, a. very wicked ; guilty. 
Crlm'i-nous-ly, ad. very wickedly. 
Crim'i-uous-ness, n. wickedness; guilt. 

CrTmp, a, <S. acrymman) easily crum- 
bled ; friable ; brittle. 

orim'ple, v. (D. krimpen) to contract. 

Critn'soitj crfm'zh, n. (Ar. kermes) a 
deep red colour.— a. of a deep red. — v. to 
dye with crimson. 

Cringe, v. (Ger. kriechenX) to bow; ic 
fawn ; to flatter. — n. a sevvile bow. 

Cri'nite, a. (L. crinis) like hair. 

CrinTcle, V. (I>.krinkelen)', to windy 
to bend ; to wrinkle.— n. a wrinkle. 

Crip'ple, n. (D. krepel) a lame person. 
— a. lame.— V. to make lame. 

CrI'sis, n. (Gr.) a critical time or turn : 
pL cri'ses. 

Crisp, a. (L. crispus) curled ; brittle ; 

friable ; brisk.— v. to curl ; to twist. 
Cris-pa'tion, n. the act of curling. 
Cris'py, a. curled ; brittle. 
Crls'pmg-I-ron, Crls'ping-pln, n. a curKng 


CrI-te'ri-on, n. (Gr.) a standard by 
which any thing can be judged: pi.cil-tc'ri-a. 

Crit'ic,n. (Gr. krites) a judge of merit 
in literature or art ; one who finds fault.— 
a. relating to criticism. — play the critic 

Crlt'i-cal, a. relating to criticism; exact; 
judicious; censorious; producing a crisis. 

Crit'i-cal-ly, ad. in a critical manner ; at the 
exact point of time. 

Crlt'i-fl^e, V. to judge; to censure- 

Crlt'i-flj-er, n. one who criticises. 

Crit'i-cijm, n. the act or art of judging ; ro< 
mark; animadversion. 

Cri-tlque', n. a critical examination. 

Croak, v. (L. crocid) to cry as a raven 
or a frog; to make a hoarse noise; tomur- 
mur. — n. the cry of a raven or a frog. 

CrOak'er, n. one who croaks ; a murmurcr. 

CrOak'ing, n. a low hoarse noise ; murmuring. 

Crock, n. (S. crocca) an earthen vessel. 
CrOck'er-y, n. earthen ware. 

Croc'o-dile, n. (Gr. krokodeilos) ?,n 
amphibious animal of the lizard kind. 

Cro'cus, ji. (L.) a flower. 

Croft, n. (S.) a small field near a houso, 

Croi-sade'. See Crusade. 

Crone, n. (Ir. criond) an old woman; 

an old ewe. 
CrO'ny, n. an old acquaintance ; a companion. 

Cron'y-cal. See Acronycal. 

Crook, n. (D. krook) a bent instru- 
ment; a shepherd's hook; an artifice.— 
V. to bend ; to pervert. 

Cr66k'ed, a. bent; not straight; curved; 
winding; perverse; untoward. 

Cr06k'ed-ly, ad. in a crooked manner. 

CrAOk'ed-ness, n. state of being crooked. 

Crrtok'back, n. a person with a crooked back. 

CrAok'backed, a. having a crooked back. 

Cr6ok'kneGd, a. having crooked knees. 

Cr66k'sh0ul-dered, a. having bent shoulders. 

Crop,n. (S.) the first stomach of a bird. 
Crfip'ful, a, having a full belly. 
CrOp'per, n. a pigeon with a large crop. 
CrOJa'sTck, a. sicic with excess. 
CrOp'sIck-ness, n. sickness from excess. 

I Crop, n. (S.) the harvest ; produce.— 
I V. to cut off; to mow ; to reap. 

Fate, fat, (ar, fall; mO,r,iCt, th6re,h5r; pTne, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, m^ve, sOn) 




Orfip'ear, n. a horse with cropped ears. 
CrOp eared, a. having ihe ears cropped. 

CrSss, n. (L. crux) ono straight body 
laid over another ; the ensign of the Chris- 
vian rehgion ; miafortuno ; hindrance ; vex- 
ation.— a. transverse ; oblique ; perverse • 
peevish.-v. to lay athwart; to sign with 
the cross ; to cancel ; to pass over ; to 
tnwart ; to embarrass.— jwen. athwart • 
over; from side to side. ' 

Cro'jier, n. a bishop's staff. 

CrOs'let, n. a s " cross. 

CrOss'ing, n. i act of signing with the 

rrA«'?J ^^P°*.\5'°" 5 ^pediment; vexation, 
Crflssly, ad. athwart ; adversely; peevishly, 
Cross iiess, n. perverseness ; peevishness. 
Ci'fiss armed, a. with arms across. 

n^^^^r^^' "• secured by transverse bars. 
Crftss'blte, n. a cheat.— v. to cheat. 
Cross bow, n. a weapon for shooting. 
CrOss'cQt, «. to cut across ; to intersect. 
CrOss-ej-ara'ine, v. to test evidence byques- 

tions from the opposite party. 
Cr6ss'graiued, a. having the fibres trans- 

verse; perverse; peevish; vexatious. 
Crflss'iegged, a. having the legs crossed. 
Cross pOr-pose, n. a kind of enigma or riddle • 
a contradictory system. ' 

Ci'oss-quCs'tion, v. to cross-examine. 
Cross road, n. a road across the country. 
CrOss'rOw, n. the alphabet. 
©rOssVay, «. a path crossing the chief road. 
Cross wind, n. an unfavourable wind. 
Crotch, n. (Fr. croc) a hook: a fork. 
CrOt9h et, », a note in music ; a mark in 
printmg, thus [ ] ; a fancy ; a whim. 

Crou9h, V. (Ger. kriechen) to stoop 
low; to lie close down; to lawn; to cringe. 

Croup, n. (Fr. croupe) tho buttocks 
of a horse ; tho rump of a fowl. 

trop per, n. a strap to keep a saddle right. 

Croup, n. {S>,hreopan)a. disease in the 

Crow, n. (S. craw) a large black bird ; 
the cry of a cock ; an iron lever.— v. to cry 
as a cock ; to boast : p. t. crew or crO wed. 

Crow'flOw-er, n. a kind of campion. 

Crow'fA6t, n. a flower. 

^'■^w'Hf ^P"^'' "• ^ scarecrow, 
CrOwVfeet. n. the wrinkles n 

r< X • »J *^ • ' • " scarecrow. 

Crow 5i feet, n. the wrinkles under tho eyes. 

Cro'S'd, n. (S. cruth) a confused multi- 
tude ; the populace.— ». to thrust together : 
to press close ; to fill to excess ; to encr iber! 

Cro«;d, n. (W. cnvth) a fiddle.-v. to 

CiOwd'er, n. a fiddler. 

CrSwn, n. (L. corona) an ornament 

Jh°/?.?.1f'l? ^1^^^^ sovereigns ; a garland ; 
the top of the head ; regal power ; reward • 
honour ; completion ; a silver coin.— ». to 
invest wivh a crown; to dignify; to adorn: 
to reward j to complete ; to finish. 

rrOwn er, n. one that crowns. 

CrO^Crn'et. See.Coronet. 

Crft'cji-ate, v. K L. crux) to torture. 

^rQ 91-nI, a. transversa? infaraantino., n. torture ; agony""""' 
Cri/yi-ble, n. a chemist's melting-pot. 

'^S.SaoS-tSe^cSr "'• P"""""* «' '^ 
^'totfcr'S "• "'°P""'*«entofnaaing 
Cra'9i-form, a. having the form of a crow. 
Cra yi-fy V. to put to duUh by naiUng to a 
r.^/"f^*°°''"""'yj to torment. ""'*'*'■ 
era fi-fi-er, n. cue who crucifies. 

Crfide, a. (L. crudus) raw; unripe r 
„ ^a"h ; mdigested ; unfinished. ^ 

rrflH^'i^' '^' *"''°"* <i"e preparation. 
r^S?^®."}^"' "•• 'awness; unripeneis. 
Cra'dl-ty, n. mdigestion ; unripeness. 

CrA'el, a. (L. crudelia) inhuman ; hard- 
hearted; savage; ferocious. 
Crfl e -ly, ad. in a cruel manner. 
>^'"^'el-ness, n. inhumanity, 
era el-ty, n. inhumanity; barbarity. 

Cru'et, n. (Fr. cruchettey a vial tbf 
vinegar or oil. ' ^ 

^^5!?®' V"- ^^- '''■"'^) * Toyage without 
Crrt^f'»f !f' " course.-^, to rove over the sea. 
Craij er, «. a person oFship that cruises. 

^Si«'i^''"°^^ "• ^^-cruma) a small 
E'^'^' ? fragment; the soft part of 
n « ^u.'""- *° ^^^^ '"to small pieces. 
CrQm'ble, v. to break or fall into small pieces. 

Crump, a. (S.) crooked. 

CrQm pie, v. todrawinto wrinkles: to shrink 
up; to contract. ' "'"'""* 

rr^f?'ln'*'w- ^^'^ ^"^^^ ; coagulated blood, 
era en-tate, a. smeared with blood. 

Crup'per. See under Croup. 

Cru'ral,a.(L.crtfs) belonging to the leg. 

Cru-sade' n. (L. crux) an expedition ' 
against the infidels. ^y^^nwa 

cX^^^lZ' "; °"? employed in a crusade, 
.^i-?- ?' "•• ^k Pi's^'us who carry the cross , 
soldiers in the crusades. 

CrAse, n. (Fr. cruche) a email cup. 

Crush, «. (Fr. ecraser) to squeeze ; to 

iSon. '"''^"'-»- a '""I'^g to«et?>er 5 

Crust, n. (L. crusta) an external coat 

nf hrlT"^ ' ? '''^" •'^'^^^i the outer part 
^bread.-r. to cover with a hard case ; to 
gather a crust. ' 

Crus-ta'Mous, a. shelly, with joints. 

Crus-ta'tion, n. an adherent coTorin>». 

rl^l^M '*• ''S*^'"^*^ '^'t'' crust ; snappish. 
CrOstj-ly, ad. snappishly; peevishly. 
CrDs ti-ness. n. the quality of being crusty. 

Ciut9h,n. iSi.cricc) a support used by 
cripples.— V. to support on crutches. 

Cry,t;. (Fr. crier) to utter a loud voico- 
to call; to exclaim; to make public; tc 
proclaim ; to weep.— n. a loud voice ; cla- 
mour; lamentation; shriek; weeping. 

Crl er, n. one wlio cries goods for sale. 

Cr7 mg, n. clamour.— a. notorious. 

£*"M' "^.^Pr- Ifrupto) a. cell or cavo. 

J^- ii-,i;L-, yrypn-cai, «. liiuden ; saprcC 
Cryp ti-cal-ly, ad. secretly ; occultly. 
Cryp-tOg^a-my, n. concealed fructification. 

»Obe.tOb,fail; cr?.crypt.m^rhj t6Il. b6?, fittr, n6V^. ne* ; fede, jem,rai|e. exl^;;^^ 







dyp-tag'a-inous, a. secretly married ; having 

tho fructification cuiicealud. 
Crjfp-tflg'ra-phy, n. the art of writing: in 
secret cliaracteri. 

Crj^s'tal, n. (Gr. krustalloa) a regular 
solid body ; a kind of gloss.— a. consisting 
of crystal ; clear ; transparent. 

CrVs'tal-llne, a. consii-ting of crystal ; rcsnm- 
bling crystal ; bright; clear; transpa< nt, 

Crys'tal-lize, v. to form into crystals. 

Crj^s-tal-ii-za'tion, n. the act of crystallizing. 

Cub, n. (L.cubo ?) the young of a beast ; 
a stall for cattle.— v. to shut up. 

CQbe, n. (Gr. kubox) a regular solid 
body with six equal sides ; the product of a 
numl)er multiplied twice into itself. 


CQ'bi-cal-ly, ad. in a cubical method. 

Ca'bl-cai-ness, n. the state cf being cubical. 

Cu-bic'u-lar, a. (L. cubo) bolo Jging to 

a chamber. 
Cu-blc'u-la-ry, a. fitted for lying doira. 

Cu'bit, n. (Gr. kubiton) ameasuro from 
the elbow to the extremity of the middle 
finder, estimated at eighteen inches. 

Ca'bi-tal, a. containing the length of a cubit. 

CQ'bi-ted, a. havmg the measure of a cubit. 

Cuck'ing-st661,n. an engine for punish- 
ing scolds and unquiet women. 

Ciick'old, n. (L. cuculus) one whose 
wife is false to his bed.—*, to corrupt a 
man's wife. 

COck'old-ly, a. poor ; mean ; cowardly. 

Cfick'ol-dom, n. adultery ; state of a cuckold. 

C (ick'old-mak-er, who makes a cuckold. 

CuoTcoo, n. a bird. 

Cu'cul-late, Cu'cul-la-tcd, a. (L. cu- 
cullia) hooded. 

Cu'cum-ber, n. (L. cucumis) a plant, 
and its fruit. 

Ca'cur-bite, n. (L. cucurbila) a chem- 
ical vessel. 

Ciid, n. (S.) food which ruminating 
animals bring from the first stomach to 
chew again. 

CQd'weed, n. a plant. 

Cud'dle, V. (T. kudden) to lie close ; 
to Join in an embrace ; to hug. 

Ciid'^el, ». (W. cogel) a stick to strike 

with.— If. to beat with a stick. 
CQd'^cl-ler, n. one who cudgels. 
CQd'pl-prddf, a. able to resist a stick. 

Cue, n. (L. Cauda) tho tail ; the end ; 
a hint. 

Cuer'po, n. (Sp.) the body. 

Ciiff, n. (Gr. kopto 1) a blow ; a stroke ; 
part of a sleeve.— v. to strike with the fist. 

Cui'rSss,n. {Fr.cuirasse) a breastplate. 
Cul- ras-sier', n. a soldiep armed with a 

Cutsh, n. (Fr. cuisse) armour for the 


Culi-na-ry, a. (L. culina) relating to 
the kitchen or cookery. 

Cull, V. (L. con, lego) to pick out. 
CQl'ling, n. any thing selected. 

CuU'ion, n. (It. coglione) a scoundrel } 

a mean wretch. 
Coirion-ly, a. mean ; base. 
Cal'ly, n. a dupe.— v. to befool ; to cheat 
Cal'ly-ijm, n. the state of a cully. 

Cullis, n. (Fr. couHs) broth of boiled 
meat strained. 

Chil-mif'er-ouB, a. (L. eulmus, fero) 
producing stalks. 

Ciil'mi-nate, v. (L. cultnen) to bo ver- 
tical ; to be in the meridian. 

Cttl-mi-na'tion, n. the transit of a planet 
through the meridian ; the top or crown. 

Ciil'pa-ble. a. (L. culpa) blamable ; 

guilty; criminal. 
Col'pa-ble-ness, n. blame ; guilt. 
COl'pa-bly, ad. blamably; criminally. 
Col'pa-to-ry, a. charging with crime. 
CQl'prit, n. a person accused of a crime. 

Ciirter. See Coulter. 

Ciil'ti-vate, ». (L. cultum) to till ; to 
prepare for crops ; to improve. 

Cai-tl-va'tlon, n. act of tilling ; improvement. 

Cdl'ti-va-tor, n. one who cultivates. 

CQl'ture, n. the act of cultivating ; improve- 
ment.— v. to till ; to improve. 

Cul'ver, n. (S. culfra) a dove. 
Cai'ver-hOflse, n. a dovecot. 

Cul'ver-in, n. (L. coluber) a cannon. 

CumObent, a. (L. cumbo) lying down. 

Cum'ber, t>. (D. kommeren) to em- 
barrass ; to load ; to busy.— n. vexation j 
hindrance ; embarrassment. 

Cflm'ber-some, a. troublesome ; burdensome 

COmTjer-some-ly, md, so as to cumber. 

CQm'bran9e, n. burden ; hindrance. 

Cam'brous, a. troublesome ; burdensome. 

Ctim'brous-ly, ad. in a burdensome manner. 

Cum'in, n. (Gr. kuminon) a plant. 

Cu'mu-late, v. (L. cumulus) to heap 

CQ-mu-la'tlon, «. act of heaping together. 
CQ'mu-la-tive, a. consisting of parts heaped 


Cunc-ta'tion, n. (L sunctor) delay. 
Cunc-ta'tor, n. one who delays. 

Cun'ning, a. (S.) skilful ; artful ; sly. 

— n. skill ; artifice ; craft ; slyness. 
Ciin'ning-ly, ad. skilfully ; artfully. 
COn'ning-ness, n. artifice ; slyness. 
Can'ning-man, n. a fortune-teller. 

Cup, n. (S. cupp) a drinking vessel-, 
a draught ; a part of a flower.— y. to draw 
blood by a cupping-glass. 

COp'per, n. one who cups. 

COp'bear-er, n. an attendant at a feast. 

COp'board, n. a case with shelves. 

COn'ping-giass, K. a glass used for drawing 

Fate, fat, far, fail ; mC, met, thfire, hit ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, nfit, nSr, mdvt, nia, 



Co pel, n. (L. cupelld) a small cup or 

vessel used In refining metals. 
CD-pel-la'tion, n. the process of aasnylr.j and 

purifying metals. 

Cu-pid'i-ty, n. (L. cupio) eager desire : 
covctousness. ' 

Cu'po-la,n.(It.)adomo;an arched roof. 
Cu'pro-ous, a. (L. cuprum) coppery : 
consisting of copper. *'*' J > 

Ctir, n. (D. A:orr) a degenerate doc. 
COr'risIi, a. like a cur ; snarling, 
cor ris i-Iy, ad. snarlingly; brutally. 
Cur^rish-ness, n. moroseness; churlishness. 
CQr ship, n. meanness ; ill-nature. 

Cu'ra-blo. See under Cure. 

Ctirb, n. (Fr. courber) part of a bridle : 
res raint.-i^. to restrain ; to check. ' 

CQrb'ing, n. restraint ; check. 

^i|^^» «• <|y- crudus-i) the coagulated 
r«P M ""^ ™'»'T''- to i.irn to curds.^ 

rnJ^rlv '^•f''Tf*'^"^^i"'*'«="''<^ 5 to coagulate. 
CQr'dy, o. full of curds ; coagulated. 

Cure, n. (L. oura) the act of healinc • 
remedy; the benefice of a clergyman^ 
f. to heal ; to pickle. ' 

Cu'ra-ble, a. that may bo healed. 

Cu ra-ble-ness, n. possibility to be healed. 

Cu ra-tive, a. re ating to the cure of diseases. 

Cure less, a. without cure; without remedy. 

Cu rer, n. one who cures ; a healer. 

Curate, «. a clergyman hired to perform 
the duties of another ; a parish prfest. 

Cu ra-cy, n. the office or employment of a 
curate ; a benefice. j'ucui, oi a 

Cu'riite-ship, n. the office of a cumte. 

Cti-ra tor, n. one who has the care of any 
thing ; a guardian. -^ 

^SeTi'."" ^^^-"^^'vri^^M) aneven- 

Cu'ri-ous, a. (L. curiosus) inquisitive • 
accurate ; exact ; rare. ' 

Cu-n-Os'i-ty, n. inquisitivoness; a rarity. 
^";""-.*i'.' "• ^curious_person ; a virtuoso. 


CQ ri-ous-ly, ad. mquisitively; artfullv, 
Cu n-ous-ness, n. mquisitiveness ; nicety. 
Curl, «. (D. krullen) to turn the hair 
in ringlets; to twist; to rise in waves— 
M. a ringlet of hair; wave; flexure. 

rSli^f'.o"'"'"?^'^'""'^' tending to curl. 
CQr'li-negs, n. the state of being curled. 

Cur-miid'goon, n. (Fr. coeur,mechant) 
^ an avaricious churlish follow. 
^ur-mttd'j;eon-ly, a. avaricious ; churlish. 

^Us'S' "* ^^''''■'"'^) * slirub, and 

Cur'rent, a. (L. curro) running ; pass- 
ing; generally received.-n. a running 

^ stream ; course. *• 

cOr'ren-py, n. circulation ; general reception : 
money, or paper passing as money. 

WOr rent-ly,ad.m constant motion ; generally. 

Cur'rent-ness, n. circulation ; fluency. ^ 

i-Qr'ri-cIe, n. an open chaise with two wheels. 

Ciir'ry,«. (L. corium) to dress leather ; 

i>at ri-er, n. one who dresses leather. 

I ^^r'ry-mg n. the act of rubbing down 
I CDr'ry-cOmb, m. an iron comb. 

Curso, u. (S. cursian) to wish evil to 

to execrate; to afflict; to utter finprS.' 
A'^^^r:^' "^'^d'ction ; affliction ; orK 
Co^^ph'i?" <'\''<'«9"'"» a curse ; vexatious 
CQr'«PH'L^„'f''' '""e^'^ly! Bhaniefully. 
CQr sed-ness, n. the state of being cursed 
CQr ser, n. one who utters cursesT 
r,ir«r^' "-the uttering of a curse. 

rrtr^fnto"*"^""' r««vi«h! malignant 
COrs^t'ness, n. peevishness; mali^ity. 

Cur'so-ry,a. (L. cursum) hasty ; sliehL 

pL*''*'"L' "• 'i •''erk in the court of cliM. 
eery, who makes out original writs. 

Ciirt, a. (L. curtits) short. 

rJirl- •!'• "■ *° *'"""'^" J to cut off. 
rl :"!,',?'■• **• °°'* ^''f'o curtails. 

Cor'tal «^l H • «''^':«^'a«on ; abridgment. 
COrtal n. a dog or horse with a docked tail. 
r^r?.\ ""^'^5 abridged. ^ 

CQrt'ly, od. briefly; shortly. 

CflX^lf ?/„'**''•"*'• *° ''""S «ith curtains. 
car'tain-lCc-ture, n. a reproof given in bed 
by a wife to her huoband, 

Curt'sy. See Courtesy. 

CiVrule, a. (L. curulis) belonging to a 

chariot; senatorial; magisterial 
Curve, «. (L. ci<r«Ms) crooked: bent. 

-n. any thing bent.-v. to bend. 
Ciir-va'tion, n. the act of bending. 

cSl^W "/v"'«' n • ""oj'edness ; bent form, 
corvi-ty, n. crookedness, 
car-vi-lin'e-ar, a. conslstingof a crookedline. 
Cur-vet', n. (It. corvetta) a leap ; a 
bound.-v. to leap ; to bound. ^ ' 

Cush'ion, cflsh'uu, n. (D. kussen) a 

pillow for a seat. 
Cfish'ioned, a. seated on a cushion. 
Cttsh'ion-et, n. a little cushion. 

Cusp, n. (L. cuspis) the point or horn 

of the moon or other luminary. 
CQs pi-dal, a. ending in a point. 

^K''„^f'^'-n- (W.CMJs/arrf) a composi- 
tion of milk, eggs, sugar, &c ^ 

Cus'to-dy, w. (L. custos) imprisonment : 
^ care ; security. , ' 

Cus-tO'di-al, a. relating to custody. 
Cus'tom, n. (L. con, suetum) habitual 
practice ; fashion ; manner ; a tax or duty oe 
rft«'L°^'' "u,"^ »nports.-v. to make familiar 
COS tom-a-b e, a. common ; habitual, 
r JJo'fT""'"^'^' "''• according to custom. 
CQs tom-a-ry, a. conformable to custom, 
cos tom-a-ri-ly, ad. commonly; habitually. 

cos tom-a-ri-ness,«.coinmonness; frequsDCT 
cos tomed, a. usual ; common. ^''i'"'™' 

r,w?.T""' "• °"^'" *!^^ ^-"^'^ of purchasing. 

COS tom-hoose, n. a house where duties on 
exported or imported goods are collected. 

Cut, V. (Gr. kopto ?) to Sfinamio hv «r. 
edged instrument ; to divi(fe; tohewVu 
carve; to pierce : p. t. and p. p. cQt. 

tabe. tOb. fail; cry. crypt, myrrh; tm. b6y. aor, nO^, new; fcdo. ^cm. rai,e:";^tSa 





Cat, n. the action of an edged initrument ; a 
wuuiul iiiadu by cuttinK ; a part cut off; a 
near passage ; an engraving ; laghlon ; shape. 

CQt'tcr, n. one that cuts ; a hght sailing vesaeL 

Cot'ting, n. a piece cut off; an incision. 

Cat'lass, n. a broad cutting sword. 


Cot'ler-y, n. a cutler's ware or business. 

Cot'let, n. a small piece of meat. 

C^ t'pQrso, n. a pickpocliet ; a thief. 

Cat'thrOat, n. a murderer ; an assassin a. 

cruel ; inhuman. 

dat'wurk, n. work in embroidery. 

Cu'ti-clo, n. (L. cutis) a thia skiu ; the 

scarf skin. 
Cu-tlc'u-lar, a. belonging to the skin. 
Cu-ta'ne-ouB, a. relating to the skiii. 

Cut'tle, n. (S. cudele) a fish ; a foul- 
mouthed fellow. 

Cy'cle, n. (Gr. kuklos) a circle ; a 

periodical space of time, 
^y'cldld, n. a geometrical curve. 
^y-clOm'e-tnr, n. the art of measuring circles. 
(^y-clo-pae'dlHl n. a circle of the arts and 

sciences ; a book of universal knowledge. 

^y-clo-pe'an,9y-clop'ic, a. (L.Cyclops) 
vast ; terrific ; savage. 

^y'der. See Cider. , , 

^yg'net, n. (L. cygnus) a young swan. 

9yl'in-der, «. (Gr. kulindros) a long 

round body ; a roller. 
<^y-lln'dric, ^y-Un'dri-cal, a. having the 

form of a cylinder. 

Py-mar', n. (Fr. simarre) a scarf. 

^ym'bal, n. (Gr. kumbalon) a musical 

9yn'ic, n. (Gr. kuon) a surly person ; 

a snarler ; a misanthrope. 
<jSn'ic, ^yn'i-cal, a. Bnarling; satirical. 

yy'no-sure, n. (Gr. kuon, oura) the 
star near the north pole, by which sailors 
steer ; any thing which directs or attracts 

^y'pher. See Cipher. 

Qy'press, n. (L. cupressus) a tree ; an 
emblem of mourning. 

^y'prui^ n. a thin transparent stuff, 
originally made in Cypnu. 

9yst, n. (Gr. kustis) a bag containing 

morbid matter, 
y j^s'tic, a. contained in a bag. 

9yt'i-sus, n. (L.) a flowering shrub. 

Czar, zfir, n. the title of the emperor 

of Russia. 
Czar'ish, a. relating to the czar. 
Cza-rl'na, n. the empress of Russia. 


l)ab, V. (G. daupjan) to strike gently 
witli something iiioist ; to slap.— n. a blow 
witit something uioiat ; a small lump. 

Dilb'ble, V. to smear; to spatter; to wetj 
to pluy in water ; to do any thing in • 
slight manner ; to tamper. 

Dab'bler, n. one who dabbles or meddles. 

Dab'(hlck, n. a small water-fowl. 

Dab, n. {adept) one expert at anj 
thing ; an artist. 

Da9e, n. a small river fish. 

Dac'tyl,n. (Gr. daktulos) a poetic foot 
consisting of one long syllable and two 
short ones. 

Dac-tjl'ic, a. relating to the dactyl. 

Dac'ty-list, n. one who writes flowing versos. 

Dac-ty-lOl'o-gy, n. the art of conversing by 
the hands. 

Dad, Dad'dy, n. {da, da \) father. 

Dffi'dal, de'dal, a. (L. Dcedalus) vario- 
gated; skilful. 

Daf'fo-dil, Daf'fo-dil-ly, n. (Gr. as- 
phodelos ?) a flower. 

Dag'ger, n. (Fr. dague) a short sword. 
Dagigerj-draw-ing, ».' approach to open vio- 

DSg'gle, V. (Dan. dagX) to trail in mire 
or water ; to run through wet or dirt. 

Dag'gle-tail, Dag'tailed, a. bemired ; be- 
spattered ; trailed in mud. 

Dai'ly. See under Day. 

Dain'ty, a. (L.rf<?ns1) delicious; nice ; 
squeamish; scrupulous; elegant; affect- 
edly fine.— n. something nice or delicate. 
Dain'ti-ly,ad.delicately ; njcely ; fastidiously 
Dain'ti-ness, n. delicacy ; fastidiousness. 

Dai'ry, n. (Sw. dia) a place where milk 
is kept, and made into butter and cheese ; 
a milk farm. 

Dai'ry-maid, n. a female servant who man- 
ages the dairy. 

Dai'ly, n. (S. dceg, cage) a flower. 
Dai'jied, a. full of daisies. 

Dale, n. (D. dal) a space between lulls. 

Dai'ly, V. (D. dollen) to trifle; to 

fondle ; to sport ; to delay. 
Dal'li-an9e, n. mutual caresses; acts of 

fondness; delay. 
Darii-er, n. a trifler ; a fondler'. 

Dam, n. (Fr. dame) a female parent. 

Dam, V. (S. demman) to confine water. 
— n. a mole or bank to confine water. 

Dam'age, n. (L. damnum) mischief; 
hurt ; loss : pi. compensation for mischiel 
or loss. — V. to injure ; to impair. 

Dam'age-a-ble, a. that may be damaged. 

Dam'a-s9ene,n.(L.Z)ania«ci«) a species 

of plum. 
Dam'ask, n. figured linen or silk. — v. to form 

flowers on stuffs ; to variegate. 
Dam'as-kin, n. a sabre. 
Dam'ask-rO^e, n. a red rose. 

Dame, n. (Fr.) a lady ; a mistress of 
a family. 

Damn, dam, v. (L. damno) to doom to 
eternal torments ; to curse ; to condemn. 

■"ate, fat, far, full; mO, mfit, thfire, h6r j j)lne,pKn, field, fir; iiSte, nat,n0r,m6ve,s6n; 




a mistress of 

Gr,in6ve, s6n; 

Dam'na-ble, a. deterving dnnmntlon. 

Dflm'na-ble-ness, n. stiite of beiiiR diimnabla. 

para'na-bly, ad. in a damnable manner. 

Dam-na'tion, n. exclusion from divine mercy; 
condemnation ; state of eternal torment. 

Dftm'na-to-ry, a. containing condemnation. 

Dam'ne<l,p, a. hateful ; detestable ; abhorred. 

pam'nl-fy, v. to injure ; to cause loss. 

Dam'ning-ness, n. tendency to procure dam- 

Damp. a. (D.) moist ; wet : foggy ; de- 
jected.— n. moisture; fog; dejection.- v. to 
moisten ; to wet ; to depress ; to discouiage. 

pamp'ish, a. inclining to wet ; moist. 

I»ftmp'ish-ncs8, n. tendency to wetness. 

p.lmp'ness, n. moisture ; fogginess. 

Damp'y, a. moist ; dejected. 

Dam'5;cl, n. (Fr. damoiselle) a young 
woman ; a girl. '' " 

Dam'son, dam'zn. See Damascene. 

Dance, v. (Fr. danser) to leap or move 
witli measured steps.— n. a regufeted move- 
ment of the feet ; a motion of one or many 
in concert. "" 

pan'9er, n. one who practises dancing. 

pan'fing, w. a moving with steps to music. 

pan 9ing-mfis-ter, who teaches dancing. 

Dan'9ing-oclia61, n. a place where dancing is 

Dan-de-li'on, n. (Fr. dent, de, lion) a 

Dan'dle, v. (Ger. tandebi) to move a 

child up and down ; to fondle ; to delay. 
Dan'dy, n. (Fr. dandin) a fop. 
DSn'di-prat, n. a conceited little fellow. 

Dane, n. a native of Denmark. 
Da'nish, a. relating to the Danes. 
Dahe'gelt, n. tribute paid to the Danes. 

Dan'^er, n. (Fr.) risk ; hazard; peril. 
Dan'^er-less, a. without hazard. 
Dan'^er-ous, a. hazardous ; perilous. 
Dan'^er-ous-ly, od. hazardously ; perilously. 
Dan'ger-ous-ness, n. hazard ; peril. 

Dan'gle, v. (Dan. dinghr) to hanc 

loose; to follow. ^ ' *=" 

Dan'gler, n. one who dangler or hangs about. 

Dank, a. (Crer. tureen ?) aj,mp ; moist. 
Dank'ish, a. somewhat dank. 

Dap'i-fer, n. (L. dapes,fero) one who 
brin meat to the table. 

Dap'per,a. (D.) little and active ; neat. 

DSp'ple, a. (appleh marked with 

various colours ; streaked v. to streak : 

to variegate. 

Dare, V. (S. dear) to have courage for 
any purpose ; not to be afraid : p. t. dtirst. 
DSre, V. to challenge ; to defy, 
par'er, n. one who dares or defies, 
par'ing, p. a. bold ; adventurous ; fearless, 
uaring-ly, ad. boldly ; courageously. 
Dar mg-ness, n. boldness ; fearlessness. 

Dark, a. (S. deorc) wanting light ; not 

of a vivid colour ; obscure ; gloomy n. 

Want of light; obscurity. 

Dar'ken, dftr'kn, v. to make dark, 
par'ken-er, n. one that darkens. 
DArk'ish, a. approaching to dark ; diukv. 
park'ling, a. being in the dark, 
park'ly, ad. obscurely ; blindly, 
park'ncss, n. absence of light ; obscurity. 
Dark'sonie, a. gloomy ; obscure. 
Dark'hfiOse, n. a madhouse. 
Dark'work-ing, a. working in secret. 

Dar'ling, a. (S. di/re) beloved; fa- 
vourite.— n. one much beloved. 

Darn, v. (\V.) to mend a rent or hole 
Dam'ing, n. the act of mending holes. 

Dar'nel, «. a weed. 

Dart, n. (Fr. dard) a weapon thrown 

by the hand.— r. to throw ; to emit. 
Dart'er, n. one who throws a dart. 

Dash, V. (Sw. daska) to strike against ; 
to break; to besprinkle; to mingle; to 
sketch in haste ; to obliterate ; to con- 
found; to fly off; to rush.— n. collision; 
aUow; admixture; a mark in writing(— ». 

Dash ing. a. rushing carele^; precipitate. 

Das'tard, n. (S. adastriqan) a coward. 

—a. cowardly.— r. to intimidate, 
pas'tar-dize, v. to intimidate ; to terrify, 
pas'tard-ly, a. cowardly ; timorous ; mean. 
Das tard-li-ness, n. cowardliness. 
Das'tar-dy, n. cowardliness ; timorousnesi. 

Date, n. (L. datum) the time at which 
a letter is written, or an event happens ; a 
stipulated time ; duration ; continuance.— 
r. to note the time ; to reckon ; to begin. 

Date'less, a. without a date or fixed term. 

Dat'er, «. one who dates writings. 

Da'ta-ry, n. an ofHcer of the chancery at 
Rome ; the office of a datary. 

D.Vtive, a. the epithet of the case that signi- 
lies the person to whom any thing is given. 

Da'tum, n. a truth granted : p/. da'ta. 

Date, n. (Gr. daktulos) the fruit of 
a species of palm tree. 

Daub, V. (W. dwbiaw) to smear ; to 

paint coarsely.— n. a coarse painting. 
Daub'er, n. one who dau^s. 
Daub'er-y, n. any thing artful. 
Daub'ing, n. plaster ; mortar ; paint. 
Daub'y, a. glutinous ; viscous ; adhedve. 

Daugh'ter, da'ter, n. (S. dohtor) a 

female child ; a female descendant. 
Daugh'ter-ly, a. like a daughter. 
Daugh'ter-li-ness, n. state of a daughter. 

Daunt, V. (L. domitol) to discourage; 

to frighten ; to intimidate. 
Daunt'less, a. fearless ; bold. 
Daunt'less-ness, n. fearlessness. 

Dau'phin, to. (Fr.) the heir apparent 

to the crown of France. 
Dau'phin-ess, n. the wife of the dauphin. 
D9w, n. a bird. 
Daw'ish, a. like a daw. 

Daw'dle, v. to waste time : to trifle. 
Dawn,w. (S.dagian) to begin to grow 

li^ht ; to glimmer : to cnen. tu brssJ; r' 

day; beginning; rise. 

IOb«. tflb, full ; cry, crjfpt, mVfrrh ; tOTl, bttj , OOr, ndw, neVir ; f ede, |em, raige, e^Ut, thia 




Dftmi'lng, n. break of day ; morning. 
D'iy, n. (S. dteg) the time between the 

riwngand setting of the sun ; the time from 

noon to noon, or midnight to midnislit ; 

light ; sunshine ; life ; an appointed time : 

an age; a contest. 
Daily, a. hajmuning every day ad. cveA 

day; very often. 

R^^/I'S'*! "• " '^°"'^'' *""'■ "■"'" ''"'■Inar the day. 
I^ii.v bOOI<. n. a daily register of mercantile 
* jjfly'hrealt, n. first appearance of light ; dawn. 
iJay drOam, n. a vision to the waking senses. 
I);1y M-bonr, n. labour by the day. 

J!','^/ .^■J*?"'"'®'"' "• •'"0 *"o works by the day. 
Day' light, n. the light of day. ^ 

uays man, n. an umpire: a mediator. 
I >.ty spring, n. the rise of the day; dawn, 
i'ay'star, n. the morning star. 
Ijay'tline, n. time i.: which there is light. 
t>ay work, n. ,vork imposed by the day. 

Da?4», V. (S. dwcEs ?) to overpower with 
liglX ; to blind by too a light. 

"^K^y ';sE" "'"'"«''*' *°'"'- 

Daa'zling, p.a. striking with splendour. 
IJflz zlmg-ly, ad. in a manner to dai«le. 

Dea'con, deTcn, n. (Gr.rffai,*on<?o)one 

of the lowest order of the clergy ; an over- 
seer of the poor; the nuster of an incor- 
porated company. 

Jlta'con-ess, n. a female deacon. 

Ilea con-ry, Dca'con-ship, n. the office of a 

Dead, a. (S.) deprived of life : inani- 
mate ; motionless ; dull ; still ; tasteless.— 

,. "• dead men ; a still time ; depth. 

UOad en, v. to deprive of force or sensation : 
to make vapid or spiritless. 

Dead ish, a. re.semWing what fs dead. 

DCad'ly, a. destructive; mortal.-«if. mor- 
tally; unplacably. 

J^x''*'i?.!'''"^' '»• the state of the dead. 
Dead li-ness, n. the being deadly. 
Dead ness, «. loss of life ; fri-jidity; faintness. 
i;! !l,!l°"'"j^' "• destructive ; killing, 
i^^'^iu'"?"''' ?- ^^ *''■""'« as to be helpless. 
^f^"! ^^'t-ed, a. liavinga faint heart, 

Jil^t'i^^.f.' '^''■"''*'' "• '^a"t of fortitude. 
?^!'*^«'*y'-'"«f' <»• "*'"'"« at once. 
DCadaift, n. a hopeless exigence. 
i>Cad rCck-on-ing, n. conjecture of the 'lace 

where a ship is by the log. 
Dead'strQck, a. struck with horror. 
Deaf, o. (S.) wanting the sense of 

ftearing ; not listening ; obscurely heard. 
Deafen, v. to make deaf. 
OCaTness, n. want of power to hear. 
Deal, n. (S. dal) a part ; a quantity ; 

a thin plank.— 1>. to distribute ; to troMc : 

to mtervene ; to act. ' 

Deaj'er, n. one who deals; a trader. 
ve&i mg, n. action ; intercourse ; traffic. 

^^;a|-ba'tion, n. (L.rfe, albus) the act 
of b'eachmg. 

De-am-bu-lii'tion, n. (L. de, ambulo) 
the act of walking abroad. ' 

Oe-am', a. walking abroad.-n. a 
place to walk in. 

Dcan, n. (L. decanus) the eeoond die 

nitary of a diocese. " 

Dcan'er-y, n. the office or house of a dean. 
Dcan ship, M. the office and rank of a dean. 

Dear. a. (S. dt/re) beloved ; prociona; 

costly; 8carcc.-n. a word of endearment. 
Dcar^ly, ad. with fondness ; at a hich price 

ear^noss, n. fondness; coitlinesi * ^ 
Dearth, n. scarcity; want; famine. 
i>flar^bouglit, a. purchasmi at a higli price, 
Duar'lovfcd, «, much loved. 

Dgath, n. (S.) extinction of life ; mor- 
n^ yfAi"!f""^':°'''^*"»i "t^teof thadead 
n^? 'JS '^l- tructive; murderous. 
n« ;^i "^^''' "• appearance of death. 
a" . 'uS"' "• nevcr-dving; immortal. 
nM' 'i'f • "• ^escmbring death, 
n^l .'^ '"^'^' »• tJ'« ^''^ «" which a person die. 
Death ward, at/, toward death, 
li'^'^.'l',',"?''"'"'''' «• portending death. 
l).'ath;dftrt-ing, a. Inllictingfleath. 

m!J h,'.nl^n""' "• "''''*'■ "PP'-o»eJ' of death. 
Deaths man, n. an executioner. 

shadeJof S: ''• ^"-'"P-^-l ^y '»»• 

nf»!?'w-'i'®i"* "• * *'^ of approaching death. 
Death watch, n, an insect whose noise ii 
supposed to prognosticate death. 

^%'}}^'\'"-J^- '^^^ ^'r- ^(^rre) to ex- 
elude; to hinder. ' 

De-base', v. (L. de, basis) to lower ; to 
degrade ; to adulterate. "",«-« 

nf 'k w ""^"t' »• tl'fi act of d>!basing. 
De-bas'er, n. one who debases. * 

Do-bate' V. (L. de. Ft. batire) to dis- 
pute ; to contest ; to dehberate.-n. a dis- 
pute ; a quarrel ; a contest. 

De-bat'a-ble, a. subject to debate. 

Ue-bate fftl, a. quarrelsome; contentious. 

De-bate ment.M controversy; combat. 

De-bat'er, n. a disputant ; an arguer. 

Dc-bau9h', V. (Fr. debaucher) to cor. 
nipt ; to vitiate,— j». a tit of intemperancei 
excess; lewdness. "•pnautei 

Do-bAuf h'ed-ly, ad. in a profligate manner 

De.buu9h'ed-ness,n,intemperance ; lewdnesi 
Deb-au-chee', deb-o-shee'^n, a drinlwrd • a 
man given to intemperance, *"•"•» 

Ue-biiuf h'er, n. one who debauches. 
De-bau9h er-y, n. intemperance; lewdneu 
De-baufh'ment, n. the act of de^uching. 

De-bentW n. (L. debeo) a writine 
acknowledging a debt. / •• "**""S 

Sf Ki!*': ?• ^^- '^^*'^'*> '"^ea'f ; feeble, 
nfh {"f'"^ f' *'• *" ll^'^*'^" ' *° enfeeble. 
T^fKl ;•■»'' *^'°"' *»■ the act of weakening 
De-bli'i-ty, n. weakness ; feebleness. 

Deb'it.n. (L.debitum) the debtor side 
of an account.-v. to enter on the debioi 
side of an account. "="•*»» 

Debt, det, n. what one person owes tc an- 

Debtor, n. one who owes to another; the 

Srged.'"' '^'°""* °° ''^''■* ^^^^ ^* 

Deb-o-nair', a. (Ft. de, bon, air) ele- 
gant; civU; well-bred. 

rate. Mt.fir. fall; me. mfit. thfire. biV: pine, pTn. field, fir; nCte.'nOt. n3r, u*;;;^ 




Wb-o-na rt-ty, n. clegnnco of manners. 

K$ ''°'"? I^'^'- *'• el^Pii'tlyj ciYilly. 
UCI>-o.nair'no88, n. civility j complaisance. 

D^c'a-chonl, n. (Gr. deka, chordi.) a 
musical instrument with ten itringg. 

Dcc'ado, n. (Gr. dcka) tho sum or 
number of ten. "* v* 

De-cri'den9o, Do-ca'don-cy, n. (L. de, 
Cflrfo) decay; fall. "' v^. «t^, 

DCc'a-gon, n. (Gr. deka^gonia) a ficuro 
bttvlng ten aides. ' "b"*" 

Di?c'a-l(1gue, n. (Gr. rf<?A:a, %o*) tho 
ten conimamlmcnts. .//»"« 

Uc-cfll'o-plst, expositor of the decalogue. 

Do-ciimp', V. (L. de, campus) to shift 
tliocjimp; tonioveoflF. 

'^"Ja'S^ry: ^^' ''"''"""*> pertaining 

^i"nil"*'' "• f ^,- ''^' <^««'«"») to pour off 

Rcntly 80 as to leave the sediment: 
I»e-can'ter, n. a glass vessel for liquor. 

nf"n«^P-'H^*°'^-^V^''^''/'«') to behead. 
De-cap-i-tu'tion, n. tlio act of beheading. 

Dec'a-stich, «. (Gr. deka, slichos) a 
poem of ten lines. ' 

^it^'^yV'-/^.' '''^' <'«''''> to Joso excel- 

ne-cayVd-nesfl, n. state of decay, 
De-cay'er, n. that which causes d 
De-cay'lng, n. decline. 

De^m', V. (L. det cemo) to Judge. 
Dc-f^^rpt', a. (L </<?, carptum) cropped, 
Ue-vtVp tion, n. a cropping or taking off. 

I?0-9or-ta'tion, n. (L. de, cerlo) strife j 
contest for mastery. ' 


De-yhArm' «, (L. de,carmen) to coun- 
teract a charm. 

Decide' V. (L. de, ccedo) to fix the 

event of; to determine ; to settle. 
Do-9l(i a-ble, a. tliat may bo decided. 

n»l H/f!^'.^*"".''?'^"!''"''' 5 ""equivocal. 
Ile-9 d'ed-ly, ad. in a determined manner. 
We-fld'er, n. one who determines. 
Ue-9ls ion, n. determination of a difference 

doubt, or event ; the act of separaf .n. 
De-9 8 ve, a. conclusive ; final ; positive. 
Wo-fl s ve-ly, ad. m a conclusive manner. 
i>e-9i sive-ness, n. state of being decisive. 

De9'i-den9e,n. {,cado) a falling off 
De-9ld'u-ou8, a. falling; not#erennial. 

Deg'i-inal, a. {li. decern) numbered b\ 
ten.— n. a tenth. •' 

I>e9'l-mate, v. to select every tenth. 
J)e9ji-mri tion, n. a selection of every tenth. 
D69'i-ma-tor, n. one w*o decimates. 

I decay. 

'^ffi V '' ^A ^h ^^' '^«*««'n) departure 
from life ; death v, to die. 

^m^Sf '*%• ^^- ''^' ^«/"'«> *o cause to 
n^^^ii' { f ° impose upon ; to cheat; to mock. 
De-9eiv'a-ble, a. that may bo deceived. 

I)e-9eiva-ble-ness,n.liableness to be deceived. 
I)e.9Civ'er, n. one who deceives. 
Oe-fCiv'ing, n. the act of cheating. 
ne-9Git'. n. fraud ; a cheat ; artifice 
nltu^^h"- f"» «f <J«ceit fraudufcnt. 
K ^^^ hS "'^' «* fraudulently ; with deceit 

nf^- '^'""'''J "• 9" •'eing fraudulent. 
De-9Lit', a. free from deceit. 

Rn'^^JJ I'-i'lt'."- '''^^'« '" *'e deceived. 
Do-90p.t,.l,il',.ty,n. liableness to be deceived 

wt-fcp tious, a, apt to deceive. 
Uc-yep tivo, a. liaving power to deceive. 

^«-?^™'bcr, n. (L. (/cc(?m) the last 
month of th« year. '' 

^n;?,'"w '"'a ''• ^^- (I^-) ten men ap 

pointed to draw. up a code of laws " 
ancient Rome, 


ne-9era'vi-ral, a. belonpinff toa decemvirate 
Do-pem'vi-iate, n. government by ten men! " 

De'cent, a. (L. rf^c<?o) becoming : fit • 
suitable ; modest ; grave. ^ ' ' 

oe fen-cv, n. propriety ; modesty. 
De;9ent-ly, ad. in a decent manner. 
Ue fent-ness, n. propriety; due formality. 

decern, annus) con- 

tinning ten years. 

^S?","I2"^?'''*^' "• <I^-> a book in 
Which the sheet is folded Into sixteen leaves. 

De-5l'pher, v. (L. de, Fr. chiffre) to 

oxpain; to unfold ; to unravel. "^ 
Uo-cl pher-er, w. one who deciphers. 

Deck, t>, (S. decan) to dress : to adorn, 
-n. the floor of a ship. • ' * 

cmJT' "• ""i" ^'"^ «^'es»C8 or adorns ; a 
ship having decks. ' 

DCck'ing, n. ornament. 

De-claim', v. (L. </<•, clamo) to speak 
to the passions ; to harangue. 

»e-clalm'er, n. one who declaims. 

«e-c aim'ing, «. an appeal to the passions. 

uec- a-ma'tion, w. a discourse totlie passions. 

Dec-la-ma'tor, n. an orator; a riietorician. 

L»e-ciam a-to-ry, a. appealing to the passions. 

De-clare', v. (L. de, clarus) to make 

known ; to proclaim ; to publish. 
We-c ar a-ble, a. capable of proof. 
l»Cc-la-ra tion, n. an open expression j an 

alhrmation; a proclamation. 
i>r^ iJl!/'^"!'^'®' ''• proclaiming; explanntory 
De-c ar'a-to-ry, a. affirmative ,• expressive. 
De-c ar'a-to-ri-ly, ad. by declaration. 
De-c hlr'ed-Iy, ad. avowedly; openly, 
ue-c are ment, n. discovery; testimony. 
De-c ar'er, n. one who declares. 
De-clar'mg, n. publication ; exposition. 
Do-cline', v. (L. de, clino) to lean ; to 

lail ; to decay ; to bring down ; to shun : 

to refuse; to inflect.— «. a falling off; di' 

mmution; decay. 
De-clen'sion, n. tendency to fall ; degene- 

racy; descent; inflection of words. 
"6-e r"*:'''e> «• that may be declined. . 
Dec-h-na'tion, n. the act of bending down j 

Dec'li-na-tor, De-clln'a-to-ry, n. an inrtru. 
ment used in dialling. «• «• 


»^'«^e.,ab.full; cry.crypt.m^rh; t«l. bfly.^^r;^^:^;^^;^;^^-^^^ 





De-cHv'i-ty.n. (L.<fo, clivui)tk cradaal 

doBcant ; a ilopo. 

Do-cSct', V. (L. de,coclum) to prepare 
hy boiling 5 todige»t. 

De-cOc'tion, n. the act of boiling ; a prepa- 
ration inade by boiling. 

pe-cSHato, «, (L. de, collum) to behead. 
DCc-oI-la'tion, n. tlio act of belieading. 

De-c31-o-rfl'tion, n. (L. rf*?, co/or) ab- 
• Bonco of colour.', V. ( L. de, con, posilnm) to 
■eparate the constitueiit part* ; to resolve 
Into elementary principle*; to dissolve. 


pe-cftm-po-jjT'tlon, n. a separation of parts. 

De-com-pOdnd', v. to compound a second 
time.— o. compounded a second time. 

D<}-com-pdand'a-blo, o. liable to bo dissolved. 

Di?c'o-rate, v. (L. decor) to adorn : to 

deck ; to embellish. 
Dfc-o-ra'tion, n. ornament ; embellishment. 
I)e-crt reus, a. becoming j proper ; decent. 
I>o-cO'rous-ly, ad. in a becoming manner. 
^ De-cO'rum, n. propriety; decency; order. 

De-c6r'ti-cate,v. (,cortea;) to strip 

off bark ; to peel. 
De-cOr-ti-ca'tion, »j.4he act of peeling. 

De-cSy', V. (D. kooi) to lure Into a 

snare ; to entrap.— n. a lure ; a snare. 
De-coy'dock, n. a duck that lures others. 

Do-crease', v. (L. de, cresco) to grow 
loss; to dimlniBh.— n. state of growinir 
less ; decay. ° 

DSc're-ment, n. decrease ; waste. 

De-crC'tion, n. the state of growing less. 

De-crCe', v. (L. de, crelum) to deter- 
mine; to ordain ; to appoiut.— n. an edict; 
a law ; a determination. 

De-cre'tal, a. pertaining to a decree.— n. a 
book of decrees or edicts. 

De-crC'tist, n. one who studies the decretal. 

De-crc tlvc, a. having the power of decreeing. 

DCc-re-tO'ri-al, a. belonging to a decree. 

pec're-to-ry, a. judicial ; detinitive ; critical. 

U6c re-to-ri-ly, ad. in a definitive manner. 

De-crgp'it, a. (L. de,crepitum) wasted 

and worn by age or infirmity. 
De-crfip'it-ness, De-crep'i-tude, n. a broken 

state of body from pgo or infirmity. 
De-crCp'i-tate, v. to crackle in the the. 

De-cro\Vn', v. (L. de, corona) to depriye 

of a crown. 
De-crOwn'ing, n. the depriving oi a crown. 
Do-cry', V. (t>de, Fr. crier) to cry 

down: to clamo# against ; to censure. 

Be-crl'al, n. clamorous censure, 
e-crl er, n. one who decries. 

Dec-u-ba'tion, n. (L. de, cubo) the act 

of lying down. 
De-cOm'ben9e, De-cdm'ben-py, n. the act of 

lymg down ; the posture of lying. 
De-cDm bont, a. lying ; leaning; bending. 
D»-cQm'bi-ture, n. confinement to bed. 

pgc'u-ple, a. (L. decern) tenfold. 
J>e-cD'ri-on, n. a commander over ten. 
Dec'u-ry. n. a body of ten men; 

Do-cur'rcnt, a. (L. de, curro) ninaio| 

or cxtciiding downwards. 
Du-cQr'sion, n. the act of running down. 

Do-ciis'flate, v. ( L. decusao) to inter- 
sect at acute angles. 
Dfi-cus-sa'tion, n. the act of crossing. 

Dc-don-ti'tion, n. (L. de, dens) loss or 
shedding of the teetli. 

Dgd'i-cate, v. (L. de, dico) to devote t 

to consecrate ; ta Inscribe a. devoted i 


D6d-i-ca'tion, n. the act of dedicating j con- 
secration ; an address to a patron. 

pcd i-ca-tor, M. one who dedicates. 

I>ed'i-ca-to-ry, a. composing a dedication. 

De-di'tion, n. (L. de, do) a civinc up ; 
surrender. » ' b » f^ 

De-du9o', V. (L. de, duco) to draw 

from ; to infer ; to gather. 
De-dQce'mcnt, n. the thing deduced. 
JJo-dQ'fi-blo, a. that may be deduced. 
De-dOct', V. to take away ; to subtract. 
De-dQc'tion, n. that which is deducted ; 

abatement; inference; conclusion. 
De-dOc'tive, a. that may be deduced. 
De-dQo'tivo-ly, ad. by regular deduction. 

Deed, n. (S. deed) an action ; an ex- 
ploit ; fact ; a writing containing a con- 
tract and the evidence of its execution. 

DGCd'less.a.without action ; without exploits. 

Deem, v. (S. deman) to think: to 
Judge ; to determine ; to imagine. 

Deep, a. (S. deop) extending or beine 

far below the surface ; profound ; low ; 
entering far ; sagacious ; insidious ; grave ; 
dark-coloured.— n. the ocean; the aost 
solemn or still part.— od. to a great depth. 

l>eep en, deop'n, v. to make or grow deep. 

peep ly, ad. to a great depth j profoundly. 

Deepness, n. profundity; sagacity; craft. 

ueptn, n. measure from the surface down- 
wards ; a deep place ; the middle of a 
Bcnson ; abstrusenesH ; obscurity ; sagacity. 

pccp'drriw-ing,a.8inking deep into the water. 

pocp mOOthed, a. having a hoarse loud voice. 

pecp'mDs-ing, a. thinking profoundly. 

Deep rCad, a. profoundly versed. 

Deer, n. (S. deor) an animal, hunted 
for venison. 

De-fage', »;. {,facio) to destroy: 

to erase ; to disfigure. 
pe-face'ment,n.injury ; erasure ; destruction. 
JJe-ta'9er, n. one who defaces. 

De-f ail'anjo, n., fallo) failure; 

De-fSl'cato, v. (L. dc,falx) to cut off. 
De-fal-ca'tion, n. diminution ; abatement. 

De-famo', «. {',fama)to slander,- 

to calumniate. 
D6f-a-ma'tion, »i. Blander ; calumny. 
J)e-fam'a-to-ry, a. slanderous ; calumnious. 
De-fam er, n. a slanderer ; a calumniator. 
De-fam'ing, n. slander j detraction. 

De-f at'i-gate,«.(L. de,fatigo) to weary. 
De-fat'i-ga-ble^ a. liable to be weary. 
i.-c-.ftt-!-ga'tioii, ff. ivcarincss ; fatigue. 

Pave, m, fAr, fall; m6, m6t, thfire, h«r; pine, ptn, Held, fir; note, nOt, n3r, mfve. s^ni 




>n ; an cx- 

De-fBult , n. (L. de,/al/o) omiHston ; 

failure ; defect.— v. to t-JI In pcrfornihiK. 
Dc-ffiult'ed, a. havina defect. 
Dc-f»lult'er, n. one who tnakea debult 

Do-fca'panfe, n. (L. de,faoio) tho act 

of annulling. 
De-foa|'l-ble, & that may be annulleu. 

Do-fcat', t>. (L. de, factum) to over- 
throw ; to friutrate.— n. an overthrow. 

D^f'e-cate, «. (L. de.fax) to purify; 
tocleanne — a. pnrined. ^ 

Dof-e-ca'tlon, n. purification. 

Do-f5ot', n. (L. de, factum) want ; im- 

pprfcctlon; fault. 
De-fL'c'tl-ble. a. imperfect ; liable to defect. 
I)o-fPc-ti-bIl'|.ty, n. the state of fallinif. 
I)o-fec'tlon,n.want ; failure ; apostasy; revolt 
.."'E" h'*'®'."' *"">""« ; full of defects ; faulty. 
l)o-fCc'tlvo-ly, aa. In a defective manner. 
I)o-fec tive-new, n. state of being defective. 
De-fCc'tu-ous, a. full of defect*. 

Do-fgnd', V. (L. defendo) to protect ; 

to maintain ; to forUfy ; to repel. 
Defence', n. protection ; guard ; vindication. 
De-fCn'fed, a. fortifled. 
De-fen9e'le8s, a. without defence ; unarmed : 

unprotected; impotent. 
De-fence'less-ness, n. an unprotected state. 
De-fPnd'a-blo, a. that may be defended. 
De-fCnd'ant, a. proper for defence ; making 

defence,- n. a person accused or sued. 
De-fCnd'er, n. one who defends. 
JJc-fen'sa-tive, n. guard ; a bandajfo. 
l)e-fen'8l-ble, a. that may be defendi-d, 
De-fOn'sive, a. that serves to defend n. a 

safeguard ; state of defence. 
De-fen'slvo-ly, ad. in a defensive manner. 

De-f^r', V. (L. de,fero) to put off: to 

delay ; to submit. *^ ' 

DCf;er-en9e, n. regard ; respect ; submission, 
pet er-ent, a. carrying.— n. that which carries. 
ne-fiVment, n. delay; postponement. 
De-fer'rer, n. one who defers. 

De-fl'an9e. See under Defy. 

De-fi'jient, a. (L. de, facio) failing ; 
wanting ; imperfect. " ' 

De-f I'flen? e, I>e-f I'den-yy, n. want ; failing. 
Def'i-fit, n. want ; deflciency. 

De-file' «. (S. afylan) to make foul ; 

to ■>>ollute ; to corrupt. 
De-f ne'ment, n. pollution ; corruption. 
De-f ll'er, n. one who defiles. 

De-fTlo', V. Oj. de,fitum) to go off file 
by file.— n. a narrow pass. 

Dc-ftne', V. (, finis) to explain; 
to describe ; to determine. 

De-fln'a-ble, a. that may be defined. 

De-f in'er, w. one who defines. 

R^£!-"!te. ,«• certain ; exact ; precise. 

UC'f i-nite-ly, ad. in a definite manner. 

uef-'-nl explanation ; adescription. 

Ue-f In i-tive, a. determinate ; positive ; ex- 
press.— n. that which ascertains or defines. 

De-f in'i-tive-ly, ad. positively; decisively. 

Dcf la-grate, v. (L. de,Jlagro) to set 

fire to; to bum. 
Pa- .A'gra-ble, «. coiubustible. 

Def-Ia-gra-MI'l-ty. n. combuatlhllUy, w. burning; coiubiotlon. 

Do-fli<ct', V. (L. de, Jlecto) to tuni 

aside ; to deviate ; to bend. 
Do-fiCc'tion, n. a turning aside ; deviation. 

De-flSflr', t>. (L. de,flos) to dcprivo of 

flowers ; to ravish. 
D6f-Io-rft'tlon, n. tho net of <loflouring. 
De-HflQr'er, n. one who dcflouri. 

Dc-flOw' «. (,fluo) to flow down. 
Do-flQx', De-flQx'lon, n. a flowing down. 

D2f-0D-da'tion, n. (L. de, faedut) tho 
act of making filthy ; pollution. 

Do-for9e',r. (,fortu) to keep out 

of possession by force. 
De-Mrct'ment, n. a withholding by force. 
De-fOr'yi-ant, n. one who deforces. 

Do-fOrm', v. (L. de, forma) to spoil 
the form ; to disfigure.— a. disfigured. 

n„ ;°!"'"^/"''"' "• '\'"8"KUrin(f: a defacing. 
De-formed', p. a. ugly ; crooked ; dlifigured. 
Do-fOrm'ed-Iy, ad. in an ugly mitnner. 
JJe-form or, n. one who defonns or deface*. 
Dc-form'i-ty, n. ugliness ; crookednew. i 

^^'r^rSiid' t, (L. de,fraus) to deprire ' 

of by trick; to cheat. ^ 

DO-frau-da'tion, n. ptivatlon by fraud. 
l)e-friiud'er, n. one wTio defrauds ; a cheat 
De-fruud'ment, n. privation by fraud. 

J^o-fray'. V. (L. de, Fr.frais) to bear 

the charges of ; to pay.'er, n. one who defrays, 
De-frfiy'ment, n. payment of expenses. 

Ki' "• i^- ''<'^> "«''^* 5 fit ; ready. 
Dfift'ly, ad. neatly ; dexterously. 
DCft ness, n. neatness ; beauty. 

Do-f unct', a. (L. de, functus) dead ; 

deceased.— M. a dead person. 
De-fanc'tion, n. death. 

De-fo', V. (L. de,Jido) to challenge: 

to dare ; to brave. 
De-f l-anfe, n. n challenge ; a daring. 
De-f I'a-to-ry, a. bearing defiance. 
De-f I'er, n. one who defies. 

De-^gn'er-ate, v. (L. de, genus) to de- 
cay in kind or virtue ; to become worse.— 
a. decayed in good qualities ; base. 

De-f en er-a-yy, n. decay in goodness; a grow 
ing worse or inferior ; meanness. 

De-f en'er-ate-Iy, ad. inadegenerotomanner. 

De-fCn-er-a'tion, n. the act of degenerating. 

De-f en'er-ous, a. fallen from goodness ; basa. 

De-fen'er-ou8-ly, ad. basely; meanly. 

Deg-lu-ti'tion, n. (L. de, glutio) the act 
of swallowing. 

De-CTado', V. (L. de, gradus) to lower 
in degree ; to dishonour. 

Deg-r.vda'tioii, n. aetof degrading ; baseness. 

De-grade'ment, n. deprivation of rank. 

De-grad'ing-ly, ad. in a depreciating'manner. 

De-gree', n. quality; rank; station; step: 
order; measure; descent; a title at » 
university; tho 3G0th part of a circle; 01 

_ geographical miles. 

iJii^-us-ta'tion,,gtisto) a tasting. 

tQbe, tab. m i cry, crjpt. myrrh ; toil, bOy, OOr, nO w, new ; j ede, f em, rai,e, efiTulito 





De-hort' r. (L. de,hortor) to dissuade. 
ue-iior-tation,n. dissuasion; advice aprainst. 
Wo-hor'ta-to-ry, a. belonging to dissuasion. 

Deign, dan, v. (L. dignm) to think 
worthy ; to condescend ; to grant. 

Dc'i-ty, n. (L. deus) the divine nature ; 

the Divine Being. 
De'i-fide, n. the act of putting to death our 

Saviour Jesus Christ. 
De'i-f^, V. to malte a god of; to adore. 
De-ln-cal, a. mal<ing divine. 
DC-i-fl-ca'tion, n. the act of deifying. 
De'i-ft-er, n. one who deifies. 
Do'i-furm, a. of a godlike form. 
De^i^m, n. the doctrine or creed of a deist. 
De ist.n. one who acknowledges the existence 

of God, but disbelieves revealed religion. 
De-ls'ti-cal, a. belonging to deism. 

Do-ject', V. (L. de, jactum) to cast 
down ; to grieve ; to discourage ; to make 
lad.— a, cast down ; low spirited. 

De-jLct'ed-Iy, ad. in a dejected manner. 

De-ject'ed-ness,n. the state of beingdejected. 

De-jCc'tion, n. lowness of spirits ; depression. 

De-jOct'o-ry, a. having power to deject. 

De-jec'ture, n. that wiiich is dejected. 

De-ISpsed', a. (L. de^ lapsum) fallen 

De-lap'sftn, n. a fallirig down. -, ^ 

De-late', v. (L. de, latum) to carry ; to 

convey; to accuse. 
De-la'tion. n. conveyance ; an accusation. 
De-la'tor, n. an accuser ; an informer. 

De-lay', «. (L.dejatum) to put ofiF; to 
hinder ; to stop. — n.a putting off; stay; stop. 
De-lay'er, n. one who delays. 

Del'e-ble. See under Delete. 

De-lec'ta-ble, a. (L. delecto) pleasing ; 
delightful. ^ ^ ' 

De-I^c'ta-ble-ness, n. delightfulnesi. 
J)p-l6c'ta-l)Iy, ad. delightfully; pleasantly. 
Dei-ec-ta'tion, n. pleasure ; delight. 

Del'e-gate, v. {, lego) to send on 
an embassy; to intrust — n. one sent to 
act tor others ; a deputy — a. deputed. 

D6l-e-ga'tion, n. the act of delegating. 

De-lete', v. (L. deletwm) to blot out. 
pei'e-ble, a. that may be effaced. 
De-le'tion, n. the act of blotting out. 
Pel'e-to-ry, a. that blots out. 
^ei-e-te'ri-ous, a. deadly ; destructive. 
Del e-ter-y, a. destructive ; poisonous. 

Delf, TO. (S. delfan) a mine ; a quarry ; 
earthen ware, made at Lelfl. 

p5ri-bate,u.(L. de, liho) to taste ; to sip. 
nci-i-ba'tion, n. a taste ; an essay. 

Do-l!b'er-ato, v. (L. de, libra) to weigh 
in the mind ; to thhik ; to consider.— a. 
circumspect; wary; slow. 

Hp-l!b'er-ate-ly, ad. circumspectly; slowly. 

I><wib'er-ate-n$ss,n.circumspection ; caution. 

Ue-llb-er-a'tion, n. the act of deliberating; 
thought ; consideration. 

De-Hb'er-a-tive, a. pertaining to deliberation. 
— «. a discourse in which a subject ia deli- 
berated or discnssed. 

Do-llb'er-a-tive-ly, ad. by deliberation. 

Del'i-ca-yy, n. (L. delicice) daintiness: 
nicety; softness; politeness ; gentle treat- 
ment; scrupulousness; weakness. 

Dc-ri-cate.a. nice; dainty; fine; soft.— mi 
nicety ; a rarity. 

Dei'i-cate-ly, ad. in a delicate manner. 

DCl'i-cate-ness, n. the state of being deUcat» 

De-lT'9ious, a. highly pleasing ; sweet. 

De-lI'9ioU8-ly, ad. pleasantly; sweetly. 

De-n'ciou8-nes8, n. pleasure ; delight. 

De-light', de-llt', n. great pleasure ; that 
which Ogives great pleasure.— v. to pleas« 
greatly ; to have pleasure in. 

De-llght'er, n. one who takes delight. 

De-llght'fai, a. pleasant; charming. 

De-IIght'fOI-ly, ad. pleasantly; charmingly. 

De-Ilght'fQI-ness, n. pleasure ; satisfaction. 

De-llght'less, a. wanting delight. 

De-llght'some, a. pleasant ; delightfuL 

De-llght'some-ness, n. pleasantness. 

Del-i-ga'tion, n. (L.rfe,%o) a binding 
up ; a bandaging. 

De-lin'e-ate, v. (L. de, linea) to de- 
sign ; to sketch ; to paint. 

De-lln'e-a-ment, n. a drawing ; a painting. 

De-lIn-c-a'tion,M. the first draught of a thing; 
an outline ; a representation ; a description. 

De-lTn'quent, n. (L. de, lingtto) an of- 
fender ; one who has committed a crime. 
De-lln'quen-f y, n. a fault ; a misdeed. 

Del'i-quate, v. (L. de, Hqueo) to melt. 
De-llq'ui-um, n. (L.) a melting or dissolving 
in the air ; a fahiting ; loss. 

De-lTr'i-um, n. (L.) disorder of the in- 
tellect ; alien.ition of mind. 
De-lTr'a-ment, m. a doting or foolish fancy. 
De-llr'an-fy, D6l-l-ra'tion, n. folly; dotage. 
De-llr'i-ous, a. lightheaded ; raving. 
De-llr'i-dus-ness, n. state of being delirious. 

Dgl-i-tes'cen9e, n. (L. de, lated) retire- 
ment ; obscurity. 

De-liv'er, v. (L. de, liber) to set frse ; 
to release: to rescue; to surrender; to 
give; to utter; to disburden of a chili 

De-llv'er-anfe, n. the act of delivering. 

De-ITv'er-cr, n. one who delivers. 

De-lT v'er-y, n. the act of delivering ; release ; 
rescue; surrender; utterance; childbirth. 

Dell, n. (D.rfa/) a.hollow. 

Delph. See Delf. 

DSrta, n. (Gr.) a triangular tract of 

land towards the mouth of a river. 
DertOld, 0. shaped like a delta ; triangular. 

De-lude', v. (L. de, ludo) to beguile : 

to cheat ; to disappoint. 
De-lnd'a-ble, a. liable to be deceived. 
De lud'er, n. one who deludes. 
De-lud'ing, n. collusion ; falsehood. 
De-lQ'fion, n. the act of deluding; decep. 

tion ; fraud ; false representation ; error, 
De-la'sive, a. tending to deceive. 
De-lQ'sive-ness, n. tendency to deceive. 
De-lQ'so-ry, a. apt to deceive. 

/T. MU...:. \ -_ : 1- 

■V. to drown ; to overwhelm. 

nS I'll fro 

"c-j — • 

tion ; a flood 

Kate, fat, far, fall; me, mCt, there, hc^r; pine, ptn, field, fir; note, nOt. nOr, mOve„»fin, 



DSlTe, V. (S. del/an) to dig. 
P*rver. a. one who digs. 

^fa^^a-gSgae, n. (Gr. demos, ago) a 
Sousli^'^'''^^' "^ P°P"'^' •"'* 

^w;;^?'"'? I>e-mesne', de-men', n. (L. 
aZSnf""'*^*^^^^''' '''"d Adjoining 

De-mand' r. (L. de,mando) to ask or 
claim with authority; to question.-n. a 
r, claim ; a question ; a calling. 

flriHf "^>"^'*' "■ ^IJ"* ™ay be demanded, 
nf^?"!*"*' "• " plaintiff in an action. 
De-mand'er, n. one who demands. 

De-mar-ca'tion, n. (L. de, S. mmre) 
division ; separation of territory. 

^h^^o^^'^'' ^•^^- ''^» '^^^ "»«»«>•) to be- 

have ; to conduct ; to lessen. . 
De-mean'our, n, behaviour; carriage. 

De-men'tate «. (L. de, mens) to make 

niad.-a. mad ; infatuated. 
De-men-ta'tion, n. the act of nuking mad. 
De-mer^e', t>. (L. de,mergo) to plunge 

mto; tosinl^down. 
ye-inersed', a. ph-nged into ; drowned. 
t»e-aier'sion, n. a plunging into ; a drowning, 


^s°erT-^!r''*f "' ^^' ^' '^^iium) ill de- 
De-mesno'. See Dcmain. 

^aThlfe.^- ^^'dimidium, lancea) 

Dera-i-na'tured, a. (L. dimidium, na- 

Salf * ^"''^ """ •''''"" °f '*^ther 

Dem'i-rcp, n. (demi-repuiation) a 
woman of suspicious chastity. 

^Kwl'"- ^^- ''*^''''''"-' s. t.«//) 

^l:J^''°'' "'. ^^- ''^' »"«««»») death : 

dccease—t;. to by will. ' 

Selm ,\'' n:. tt'''^'^'^'''''^" ' •'epression. 
JJe-mlss , De-mls'sive, a. humble. 
A-'e-mTt', V. to depress ; to submit. 

De-moc'ra-9y, n. (Gr. demos, kraios) 
government by the people. ' ""^"'^f 

'^t^Veirc'^ac'Jr"'^'''"^-"^'' "• -° ^-°ted 

Dftn-o-crat'ic, Dem-o-crat'i-cr!, a. relatinir 

to a popular government. 'eiating 

nmner:'*'*"^'-'^' "'^- '° '-^ deniocratical 

Ueni-o ll'tlon, n. the act of de.aolishing. 
Dc'mon, n. (Gr. daiinn>,\ n o,»;..u . 
evil spirit; a devil. ■""■ -•i"""> 
I'C mon-ess, n. a female demon. 


Do-mO'ni-ac, DCm-o-ni'a-cal. a. belnn.!.^ il 
demons ; devilish. oeiongiiij M 

De-mo'ni-ac, n. one possessed by a demon 
De-mCni-an. a. of the nature of demons 
Sl'lJlnn'A >'*''^' "• ^''« ^o^hiP of demons 

De-mfln'o-mist, n. one subject to demonai 
De-mOn'o-my, n. the dominion of demons 
De'mon-ship, n. the state of a demonT 

^fh°i?",'^*^**®' *'• ^I'- <^^. wows/ro) ta 
show plainly; to prove vith certainty 

s"tmted""tw' "'u'^^*- "*y be demon. 
or'cS/adKoT^ "^ '^"^^'^ ''^^""•^ ''°"« 

""deronSle.-""'' * ^''^ ^-'"^of being 
De-mon'stra-bly, aJ. evidently; clearly. 
Dem-pn-stra'tion, n. the highest degrU of 
evidence ; certahi proof. " "»* oi 

Ue-mOn'stra-tive, a. hivincibly cc.ichisivo. 
De-mOn'stra-tivo-ly, ad. clearly; pLaiuly 
Dfim'on-stra-tor, ^. one who d^mJnrtrites. 

i'™^^**^^"'^®' ^- ^^- de, mos) to lender 
corrupt in morals. «« *cuucr 

De-mor-al-i-za'tion, n. destruction of morals. 


De-mfir' « (L. rfe, mora) to Ofilay ; to 

pause ; to hesitate.— n. doubt: hesifatinn 

De-marWe, n. an allowance 'paid for de-" 

v>l^^^y *'^'P' ''^y°"'^ *be appointed time. 
De-mOr'rer, n. one who demii*. 

De-mure' a. {Vr. des, nueurs) sober- 
grave ; affectedly modesV ' ' 

De-mQre'ly, ad. with affected modesty. 
Dejmore'ness, n. soberneso; gravity. 

^f?* "-li?- ^^""> * cavern ; the cave 
of a wild beast.-v. to dwell in a den. 

^of^tfn''^'"" ^^' ^'^^^^^) the number 

^rfln^'^^^f'^l-'^'^' *• <^^- <^'^> nahim) to 
deprive of national rights. 

De-n!'al. See under Deny. 

Den[i-grate,v. (L. rf«,nj9ey) to blacken 
DSn-i-gra'tion, u. a blackening. "*''*'""• 

Den'izcn, n. (W. dinasddyn) a free- 

man.— V, to make free. " 

DCn-i-sa'tion, n. the act of making free. 

^^-?«m'inate, v. (L. de, nomen) to 

name; to give a natne to. 
De-nom'i-na-ble, a. that may bo named. 
De-nom-i-na'tion. m. the act of naming- a 

name; an appellation; a class. *' * 

np'nrtll,' '""'"i"*'''''' "' V'f't ff'ves a name. 
l>e-nOm'i-na-tor, n. the giver of a name. 

Do-note', V (, note) to mark ; to 
be a sign of; to betoken. ' 

nf „■?;*'' Jf°"' "•.*'"^ '''^t of denoting. 
De-no ta-tive, a. having power to dcnt-to. 
De-no^e'ment.n.sign; indication; tokeii, 
De-rim1n9e',u.(L.</^,ji incio'> to thrpat^n 

_ pUDliCIy; iu itifurin nir lintif • tr. o .» "" 

piiDliciy ; to inform ng linst ; to accuse.' 

e-noOnce'nient. «. tho ,.«♦ „» j , 


rk„ „-i^ ' '/ ■" ■•■■"■'" "fi ""=v j lo accuse. 
De-nOOnce'mcnt, n. the act of denouncing. 
1 9er, n. one who denounces. 

.Ol«..Ob.f«„; crf.crVpt;mJrrh; t^". b^J. fiOr. nO^:;;;^;^^^^:^;^:;^^^ 




De-niin'^i-aM, v. to threaten ; to denounce. 
De-ntin-yi-fi'tion, n. the act of denouncing; 

a pubhc menace ; proclamation. 
Do'nan'9l>i>,-tor, n. one who denounces. 

D5nje, a. (L. densus) thick ; close. 
DCn'°si-ty, n. closeness ; compactness. 

Dent'al,a.(L.</<?ns)relatingto the teeth. 
I>en-tJc-u-la'tion, n. the being set with teeth. 
Dent'i-fri9e, n. a powder for the teeth. 
DSnt'ist, 71. one whocurcsdiseases of the teeth. 
Den-tl'tion, n. the breeding of teeth. 

De-nude', v. (L. de, nudus) to make 

naked ; to atrip. 
De-nQ'date, v. to strip ; to divest. 
Dfin-u-da'tion, n. the act of stripping. 

De-ny', v. (L. de, nego) to contradict ; 

to refuse ; to disown. 
De-nl'a-ble, a. that may bo denied. 
De-nl'al, n. negation ; refusal ; abjuration. 
De-m'er, n. one who denies. 

DS-ob-struct', V. (L. de, ob, stricctum) 

to remove obstructions. 
De-Ob'stru-ent, a, removing obstructions. — 
^ n. that which removes obstructions. 

De'o-dand, n. (L. Deiis, do) a thing 
forfeited to the king for pious uses. 

De-op'pi-late,u.(L.cfe,o6,pj/o) to clear 

from obstructions. 
De-Op-pi-la'tion, n. the act of clearing from 

De-Op'pi-la-tive, a. removing obstructions. 

De-6r-di-na'tion, n. (L. de, ordo) dis- 

Do-(5s-cu-l'i'tion, n. (L. de, osculum) 

the act of kissing. 

De-paint', v. (L. de, pingo) to picture ; 
to describe. 

De-p&rt', V. (L. de, pars) to go away ; 
to leave ; to die. 

De-part'ing, n. a going away; separation. 

De-part'ment, n. a separate office or division. 

De-part-m6nt'al, a. belonging to a depart- 
ment or province. 

De-pftr'ture, n. a going away; death. 

De-pSs'ture, v. (L. de,pasturn) to eat 
up ; to feed ; to graze. 

De-pau'per-ate, v. (L. de, pauper) to 
malie poor. 

De-pec'ti-blo, a. (L. de, pecto) tough ; 
clammy; tenacious. 

De-pec-u-la'tion, n. (, pecuUum) 
a robbing of the state. 

De-pSnd', v. (L. de, pendeo) to hang 
from ; to rely on. 

De-pen'dant, De-pfn'dent, a. hanjjing down ; 
subordinate ; relying on.— «. one subordi- 
nate ; a retainer. 

De-pdn'dence, De-p6n'den-cy, tj. state of 
being subordinate ; connexion ; reliance. 

De-p6» 'der, n. one who depends. 

De-pCn'ding, p. a. iLTOgingdowil ; undecided. 

De-p?r'dit, n. (L. dc, per, do) any thing 

lost Qr dfistroviid; 
De-per-dI'tion,"n. loss; destruction. 

De-phleg^mate, «. (,Gr.phlegma 

to clear from phlegm. 
De-phleg ma'tion,n.the separation of phlegia 

De-pict', V. (L. de, pictum) to paint J 

to portray ; to describe. 
De-plc'ture, v. to represent in colours. 

Dep-i-la'tion, n. (L. de, pilus) tke act 

of pulling off the hair. 
De-pll'a-to-ry, a. taking away the haii. 

De-ple'tion, n. (L. de, pletum) the act 
of emptying. 

De-pl5re', v. (L. de, ploro) to lament ; 

to oewail ; to mourn. 
De-plO'ra-ble, a. himentable ; sad. 
De-plO'ra-ble-ness,«.state of being deplorable. 
De-plo'ra-bly, ad. lamentably ; miserably. 
D6p-lo-ra'tion, n. the act of deploring. 
De-plO'red-ly, ad. lamentably. 
De-plo'rer, n. one who deplores. 

De-ploy', V. (L, de,plico) to display; 
to open ; to extend. 

De-plume', v. (L. de, plama) to strip 
of feathers. 

De-pone', v. {,pono) to lay down 
as a pledge ; to bear test' iiony. 

De-po'nent, n. a witness ; an evidence. — a. 
having a passive form with an active sig- 

De-pop'u-late, v. (L. de, populus) to 

unpeople ; to lay waste. 
De-pOp-u-la'tion, n. destruction ; waste. 
De-pOp'u-la-tor, n. one who depopulates. 

De-port', «. (L. de, porto) to carry; to 

demean ; to behave. — n. demeanour. 
D6p-or-ta'tion, n. a carrying away; exile. 
De-pOrt'ment, n. conduct ; demeanour. 

Dc-po^ie', r. (L. de, positum) to lay 

down ; to degrade ; to near witness. 
De-pOj'a-ble, a. that may be deposed. 
De-pO^'al, n. the act of deposing. 
De-po^'er, n. one who deposes. 
De-pOs'ing, n. the act of dethroning. 
De-p5j'it, V. to lay down ; to lodge in tni»t 

—n. any thing lodged in trust ; a pledge. 
De-pOf'' ta-ry, n. one with whom any thing 

is lodged in trust. 
De-pdj'it-ing, n. a laying aside. 
DCp-o-si'tion. n. the act of deposing. 
De-p6s'i-to-ry ,n. aplace for lodgingany thing. 
De-pot', de-po', n. (Fr.) a place for storei; a 


De-pravo', v. (L. de, pramis) to Titiato; 

to corrupt^ to contaminate. 
DCp-ra-va'tion, n. the act of depraving. 
De-praved'ly, ad. in a corrupt manner. 
De-praved'ness,' n. corruption ; tatnt. 
Dc-pn"ive'raent, w. vitiated state ; corruptioo. 
De-prav'er, n. one who depraves. 
T)e-pruv'ing, n. the act of traducing.'i-ty, n. corruption ; wickedness. 

Dep're-cato, v. (L. de, precor) to beg 

off ; to pray that evil may be averted. 
DCp'ro-ca-ble, a. to be averted. 
DCp-re-ca'tion, n. prayer against ; entreaty, 

i-?P "?-Ca-tiV6, i^rp re-ca-to-ry,«. that scrvol 
to deprecate ; apologetic. 


•'ate, fat, fAr, fall : mC-, mCt, thfire, Mr ; pino. pin, field, fir ; nOtc, nOt, uOr, mfive, ida • 




Do-pre'd-ate, v. (L. de, preiium) to 
lessen the price ; to undervalue. 

Do-pre-fi-a'tion, «. the act of lessening the 
price or value. 

De-pre'91-a-tor, n. one who depreciates. 

Dcp'ro-date, v. (L. de, prceda) to rob ; 

to pillage ; to spoil. 

Dep-re-da'tion,n.a robbing ; aspoiling ; waste. 
DCp re-da-tor, n. a robber ; a spoiler. 

De-pred'i-cate, v. (L. de, prce, dico) to 
prochiim ; to commemorate. 

D2p-re-hend', v. (L. de, prehendo) to 

catch ; to discover. 
D5p-re-h6n'si-ble, a. that may be caught. 
DCp-re-hCn'sion, n. a catching ; a discovery. 

De-press', v. (L. de, pressnm) to press 

down ; to humble ; to deject. 
De-prCs'sion, n. the act of pressing down • 

abasement; dejection. 
De-prfis'sive, a. tending to depress. 
De-pres'sor, n. one that depresses. 
DCp n-ment, a. pressing down. 

De-prlve', v. (L. de, privo) to take 

from ; to bereave ; to debar. 
Dc-prlv'a-ble, a. liable to deprivation. 
DCp-ri-va'tion, n. act of depriving ; loss. 
De-pjive'ment, n. the state of losing. 
De-prlv'er, n. one who deprives. 

Depth. See under Deep. 

De-pul'sion, n. (L. de,pulsum) a driv- 
ing way. 

Dep'u-rate, v. (L. de,purus) to purify; 

to cleanse.— a. purified ; cleansed. 
DCp-u-ra'tion, w. the act of purifying. 

De-^ute', V. (L. de, puto) to send with 
a commission ; to empower to act. 

DCp-u-ta'tion, tu the act of deputing : the 
persons deputed. 

Dep'u-ty, ». one who transacts business for 
another ; a lieutenant ; a viceroy. 

De-ra9'i-nate, v. (L. de, radix) to pluck 
up by the roots. 

De-ran^e', v. (L. de, Fr. ranger) to 

disorder ; to embarrass. 
De-ranje'ment, w. disorder ; insanity. 

Der'e-lict, a. (L. de, re, linquo) wil- 
fully relinquished. Y y '" 
Der-e-llc'tion, n. the act of forsaking. 

De-rlde', v. (L. de, rideo) to lauL'h at : 
to mock ; to ridicule. ' 

I)e-rld'er, n. a mocker ; a scoffer. 
Ue-rld'ing-ly, ad. in a jeering manner. 
De-r!'jion, n. the act of deriding; scorn. 
We-rl aive, a. mocking ; scoffing. 
De-rl'sive-ly, ad. in a derisive manner. 
Be-rl Bo-ry, a. mocking ; ridiculing. 

De-rlvo', V. (L. de, rivus) to draw 

from ; to deduce ; to receive. 
De-ri'va-ble, a. that may be derived. 
U^T-i-va'tion, n. the net of deriving; thetrac- 

mg of a word from its original. 
.Je-rlv a-tive, a. derived from another.— n. 
^ the thmi^ or word derived from another. 
uc-nv-a-live-Iy, ad. in a denvativa manner. 
.»e-rlv'er, n. one who derives. 

to take 

Der'o-gate, v. (L. de, 

away ; to detract. — a. degraSedl 

D6r'o-gate-ly, ad. in a manner to derogate. 

DCr-o-ga'tion, n. the act of taking awat 
from reputation or honour ; detraction.' 

De-r6g'a-to-ry, a. detracting ; lessening. 

De-rOg'a-to-ri-ly, ad. in a detracting manner. 

Dcr'vis, n. (P.) a Turkish monk. 

Des'canljfn. (L. de, cantum) a aong or 

tune in parts ; a discourse. 
Des-cant', v. to sing in parts ; to discourses 
Des-cant'ing, n. remark ; fio^jecture. 

De-sgend', v. (L. de, scando) to go or 

come down ; to fall ; to sink. 

I)e-S9end'ant, n. the offspring of an ancestor. 

De-sffind'ent, a. coming down ; falling. 

De-Sffind'er, ?i. one who descends. 

De-s96nd'i-ble, a. that may be descended. 

De-s9Cnd-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being descendible. 

De-S96n'sion, n. a going downward. 
. De-jcfint', n. the act of descending ; progress 
\ downwards; declivity; invasion; birth; 

De-scribe', v. (L. de, scribo) to deli- 
neate ; to mark out ; to represent by words. 

De-scrlb'a-ble, a. that may be described. 

De-scrlb'er, n. one who describes. 

De-scrlp'tion, n. the act of describing; re- 
presentation; delineation; definition. 

De-scrTp'tive, a. containing description. 

De-scry', u. (, Fr. crier 1) to spy 

at a distance ; to detect ; to discover. 
De-scrl'er, n. one who descries. 

Des'e-crate, v. (L. de, sacer) to divert 

from a sacred purpose ; to profane, 
D6s-e-cra'tion, n. the act of desecrating. 

Do-jert', V. (L. de, sertum) to forsake ; 

to leave ; to abandon. 
DCj'ert, n. a wilderness ; solitude ; waste.— 

a. wild ; waste ; uninhabited. 
De-jjert'er, n. one who deserts. 
De-jSr'tion, n. the act of deserting. 

De-s&ve', v. (L. de, servio) tobe worthy 

of ; to merit. 
De-j^rt', ». merit or demerit ; reward. 
De-^ert'fai, a. meritorious. 
De-ii^rt'less, u. without merit. 
De-}ert'less-ly, ad. undeservedly. 
De-jerv'ed-ly, ad. according to desert. 
De-|^rv'er, n. one who deserves. 
jDe-j^rv'ing, n. degree of merit or demerit. 
De-jerv'ing-ly, ad. worthily. 

Do-sic'cate, v. (.L.^e, sicco) to dry up ; 

to grow dry. *^ ' 

De-slc'cant, n. that which dries up. 
DCs-ic-ca'tion, n. the act of making dry. 
De-slc'ea-tive, a. having the power of drying. 

— n. that which absorbs moisture. 

De-sid'er-ate, V. CL.desidero) to want : 

to miss ; to desire. 
De-std-er-a'tufli, »i. that which is desired OJ 

wanted : pi. de-sld-er-a'ta. 

Do-sign', do-sIn', v. (L. de, signo) to 
purpose ; to intend ; to plan ; to project ; 
to skctcii outi— -Ji. li •iijyii'i'?," ' — -•_i---.» 
a scheme ; a plan ; a sketch. 

De-slgn'a-ble, a. that may be designed. 

»*mtiVU J 

tube, tQb, fan ; cr?,cr«pt,m*rrh? tOlJ. bflV, 6flr, nO\v, ne* ; jede, gem, raife, e^ist, thla 




DSs'ig-nate, v. to point out ; to distinguish, 
ues-ig-na'tion, n. tlio act of pointing out ; 

tliat wliich distinguishes ; appointment. 
De-slgn'ed-iy, ad. purposely ; intentlonaHy. 
Do-»rgiici, n. one who designs ; a plotter. 
De-slgn'fai-ness, n. abundance of design. 
De-sfgn'ing, p. a. insidious ; treacherous.— 

n. tlie art of delineating. 
De-sljm'less, a. without design ; Inadvertent. 
Do-sigu'ment, «. purpose ; scheme ; sketch. 

Des'i-nenfo, 71. (L. de, sino) a close. 
DCs'i-nent, a. ending; extreme; lowermost. 

De-siro', v. (L. desidero) to wish ; to 
long for ; to asl£.~». wish ; eagerness to 
obtain or enjoy. 

De-^lr'a-ble, a. wortl^y of desire ; pleasing 

De-jlr'a-ble-ness, w. the being desirable. 

De-jir'er, n. one who desires. 

De-jire'less, a. without desire. 

De-flr'ous, a. fidl of desire ; eager. 

l>o-!flr'ous-ly, ad. with desire ; eagerly. 

De-sist',«. (L. de, sisto) to ceaso from ; 

to stop ; to forbear. 
De-sls'tan9e, iu a stopping ; cessation. 


Desk, n. (S. disc) an inclined table 
for writing or reading. 

Des'o-late, a. (L. de, solus) without 
inhabitants; laid waste; solitary. — i'. to 
lav waste ; to make desert. 

DCs'o-late-ly, orf. in a desolate manner. 

nes'o-la-ter, n. one who desolates. 

D6s-o-la'tion, n. destruction ; waste. 

DCs'o-la-to-ry, a. causing desolation. 

De-spair',n. (L. de, spero) loss of hope. 

— V. to bo without hope ; to despond. 
Re-spair'er, n. one without hope. 
De-spair'ing-ly, ad. in a despairing manner. 
Dfis-pe-ra'do, n. one who is desperate. 
DCs'pe-rate, a. without hope ; fiirious. 
DCs'pe-rate-Iy, ad. furiously ; violently. 
DCs'pe-rate-nees, n. madness ; fury. 
Pfis-pe-ra'tion, ». hopelessness ; fury. 

De-spat9h', V. (Fr. deptcher) to send 
awayhastilv; to perform quickly ; to con- 
clude; to kill. — n. haste; speed; an ex- 
press ; a message. 

De-sp.1tyh'er, n. one that despatches. 

De-9pat9h'fai, a. bent on haste. 

De-spl?e', V. (L. de, specio) to scorn ; 

to disdain ; to contemn. 
De-spCc'tion, n. a looking down ; a despising. 
I)es'pi-ca-ble,a.contemptible; vile; worthless. 
DCs'pi-ca-ble-ness, n. meanness ; vileness. 
Ues'pi-ca-bly, ad. meanly; vilely. 

pe-spl'cien-9y, n. a looking down ; contempt. 
De-splj'a-ble, a. contemptible ; despicjible. 
De-splj'al, n. scorn ; contempt. 
I)e-spl^ed-ness, n. state of being despised. 
pe-spl^'er, n. one who despises ; a scorncr. 
De-splj'ing, n. scorn ; contempt. 

Dc-splte', n. (L. rf<?, spectum) malice ; 

defiance.— ». to vex ; to offend, 
pe-spl'.o'fftl, a. malicious ; full of spleen. 

l)e-splte'fQl-nes3, n. malice ; Hate ; malignity. 

De-sp8il', V. (L. de, spolio) to rob ; tt 
deprive ; to divest. ^ 

De-spond', v. (L. de, spondeo) to lose 

hope ; to despair. 
De-spcin'den-fy, n. hopelessness ; despair. 
De-sp6n'dent, a. hopeless ; despairing. 
Do-spOn'dent-Iy, ad, without hope. 
De-spOn'der, ». one who dos|)onds. • 
Be-spfln'ding-Iy, ad. in a 1. jpeless manner. 

Dgs-poa-sa'tion, w. (L. de, sponsum 
the act of betrothing. 

Dea'pot, n. (Gr. despotes) an absoIut« 

prince; a tyrant 
De-spot'ic, De-spOt'l-cal, a. absolate ia 

power; arbitrary; tyrannical. 
De-8pflt'i-c£j-ly, ad. in an arbitrary manner. 
I DCs'po-tijra, n. absolute power ; tyranny. 

De-spu'mate, v. (L. de, spuma) to 

throw off in foam ; to froth. 
Des-pu-ma'tion, n. foam ; froth ; scum. 

Dessert', n. (L. de, servio) fruit served 

after meat. 

Des'tine, u. (L. dcstino) to doom j to 

appoint ; to devote. 
DCs'ti-nate, v. to design for any end. 
D6s-ti-na'tion, n. purpose ; end ; design. 
Des'ti-ny, n. fate ; invincible necessity 

Des'ti-tute, a. (L. de,statuo) forsaken ; 

friendless ; in want. 
DCs-ti-ta'tion, n. want ; poverty, 

Dc-stroy', v. (L. de, struo) to ruin : to 

la.v waste; to kill: 
De-stroy a-ble, a. that may be destroyed. 
De-str6y'er, n. one who destroys. 
De-strtlc'ti-ble, a. liable to dest iction. 
De-struc'tion, n.tlieactofde3tr ying; ruin; 

murder ; eternal death. 
Du-struc'tive, «. that destroys ; ruinous. 
De-strQc'tive-Iy, ad. in a destructive manner. 
De-strUc'tive-ness,n. the quality of destroying. 

Des'uo-tudo, n. (L. de, suetum) cessa> 

tion of use ; disuse. 

Des'ul-to-ry, a. (L. de, saltum) roving 

from one thing to another. 
Des'ul-to-ri-ly, ad. without method. 
Des'ul-to-ri-ness, n. the being desultory. 

De-sumo', v. (L. de, sumo) to take 
from ; to borrow. 

De-tach', v. (Fr. detacher) to sepa- 
rate ; to send off a party. 
De-tftfh'ment, n. a party detached.,u. (, Fr. tailler) to relate 

particularly.— n. a particular account. 
De-tail'er, n. one wlio details. 

De-tfiin', v. (L. de, teneo) to keep 

back ; to withhold ; to restrain. 
De-tain'er, n. one that detains. 
r)e-t<*n'tion, n. the act of detaining. 
De-tTn'ue, n. a writ against a person thai 

detains unlawfully. 

De-tect', V. (L. de, tectum) to discover | 
4o find out a crime or artifice. 

j-c-trc'tc-r, ft. oiie who dciccts. 
Du-tOc'tion, n. discovery of guilt or fraud. 

rMo,f.1t, fiir, fail; me.mSt, thfire^h^r; pine, ptii, Oekl.fir; note. nOt, nor, mOve, 8601' 




De-t?i^,r. (h.dCftcrreo) to discoura^o 

by terror; to prevent. 
De-Wr'uient, «. tlie act or cause of deterring. 

Do-t(?r§:e', v. (L. de, tergeo) to cleanse. 
De-ter'^'ent, a. having the power of cleansing. 

•— n. that which cleanses. 
De-tfir'sion, n. the act of cleansing. 
Ue-tfr sive, a. cleansing.— n. a medicine i 

which cleanses. i 

Do-te'rio-rato,u.(L.cfe/erior) to make 
worse ; to impair. 

De-tC-ri-o-ra'tion, n. act of making worse. 

De-ter'mine, «. (L. de, terminus) to 
nx; to settle; to conclude: to bound: to 
resolve; to decide. ' 

De-t^r'mi-na-ble, a. that may be decided. 

nn"tl'^'".'"'^"}®'.''-*'''*«^: limited; definite, 
ne-t^r'm -na e-ly, ad. definitely ; certainly 
H^Jf;™""^ ".'"'' «• resolution; decision, 
ne-tc^r'mi-na-tive, a. directing ti an end. 

nf ; w'"!'"'i"'*"'' "■ °"« who determines. 

J^e-t^r^mined, p. a. firm in purpose; resolute. 

l>e-tir'mi-ner, n. one who determines. 

De-ter-ra'tion n. (L. de, terra) a 
- takmg out of the earth. ' 

Do-test', V. (L. de, testis) to hate ex- 
tremely; to abhor, 
nrJ^of'***!!!"' «• extremely hateful ; odious. 
nfJI'K*"?^' "^^ hatefulfy; abominably. 
De-tSst a-ble-ness, n. the being detestable. 
l)et-es-ta'tion, n. hatred ; abhorrence. 
iJe-test'er, n. one who detests. 

De-tbrono', v. (L. de, thronus) to re- 

movo or drive from a throne. 
Jc-thrOne'ment, n. the act of dethroninir. 
De-thron'er, w. one who dethrones. 

De-tin'ue. Sco under Detain. 

^£So& ^^'^'^-^'^'^ -• ^^- ^e, tono) 
Det-o-na'tion, n. the act of exploding. 

^f„" »''*'? *; ^^'de,to>(um) to twist: 
to wrest ; to pervert. ' 

De"l^;^^°«' !*i,'',*«/«"5; perversion. 
Ue-tfiur', n. (Fr.) a turning ; a circuit. 

Do-trSct', V. (L. de, tractum) to take 
n„T7J/''l«"'^*«5 to defame.'^ ^ 

nn'f r wr "■• V^'''5<^"' • ' "• »ne who detracts. 

nplr^'''^?'^' "• ? t*'''"'? '"^^^ay ; blander. 
De-trac tive, a. tending to detract. 
Ue-trac'to-ry, a. defamatory; deromtorv 
De-trac'tress, n. a censorious woma^^ 

Hn.!;i"™^ K*' "• ^^' ^etrimentum) loss : 
damage; harm. ' ' 

Det-ri-ment'al, a. causing loss ; injurious. 
De-trude', w. (L. de, irudo) to thrust 
j,f °wn ; to force into a lo ,ver place. 
De-tra^lon, n. the act of thrusting down. 

^fi^^.n^'*'''"' "• <^-de,truncus) the 

act of loppmg or cutting ofiT. 

to'SJSie!^'''' ^^-"^''"^i"'*) to defile ; 
pou9e, n. (Fr. deux) tWo. 

•»»of) a second marriage 

^cUtcrOS, ga- 

DoD-ter-6g'a-mi8t, n. one who ontOTsIntoa 
second marriage. ""wm inro ■ 

Dou-ter-on'o-my, n. (Gr rf/..>/i^«. 


^f„M^^?W- <^^-divelopper) tQ.un. 

fold ; toWToover ; to unravel 
De-vel op-ment, n. an unfolding; disclosure. 

T.?°!'ljhe right way ; to err. 
ue-vi-a tion, w. a wandering from the riKb« 
way ; error ; sin ; variation. ^ ' 

ve vi-ous, o. out of the common track. 
De-vlge'. See under Devise. 
^il'\^'^^' '^^"Z"^) a fallen angel; 

an evi spirit ; Satan. ° ' 

nfv'' "-'k',"' "!S^ ? ^^"'^ ' wicked, 
nf V' 'Jch''^' ""*• 'V <^<'^'"^h manner, 
^f V, }- sh-ness, n. the quality of a deviL 
D5v;i -ijm, n. the state of devils. 

nw' r'u?' "• *° P'-'^'^e among devils. 
BfiVil-ship, n. the character of a devil. 

^foTZl"'/^-,'''' ^*'*"'"> to contrive ; 
to invent ; to plan, ' 

De-vlce', n. a contrivance ; a desim : In- 

vention; an emblem; a spectacle. 
De-vl9e'fa , a. full of devices ; inventive. 

De-vlj a-ble, a. that may be devised. 
iJc-vlj er, n. a contriver ; an inventor. 
De-vise', v. (L, divisum) to tyrant bv 
r>^ ,V^*. *''® ^'^t o' bequeathing by will. 

De"v f^^;^«' ''• ^''^f "•'^y ^« granteiby wilL 
iJe-vlj or, n, one who grants by will. 

Dev-o-ca'tion, ra. (L. de, voco) a callinc 
away ; a scMuction. -''""^ 

De-void', a. (L. rfe, viduus) empty: 
destitute ; free from. ^^ * 

De-voir', dev-war', «, (Fr.) service • 
an act of civility or respect. * 

De-volve', v. (L. rf^, «o/uo) to roll down ; 

to pMs from one to another. ' 

i^ev-o-lQ'tion, ro, the act of devolving. 

■^r^^*.?''^' ^^'de,votum) to dedicate: 
to addict; to doom. ' 

De-vot'ed-ness, n. state of being devoted. 

iJCy-o-te*;', n, one given wholly up to reli- 
gion ; a superstitious person ; a bigot. 

i^e-vote'ment, n, the act of devotinef 

De-voi'er, n. one who devotes. 

nff^n!!""' "• Pj^^y ' worship ; prayer ; strong 
affection ; ardour ; disposal. ^ 

JJe-vo tion-al, a. pertaining to devotioiu,. 

De-vo'tion-al-ist, De-vO'tion-ist, n.,fla»e for- 
mally or superstitiously devout. ^^^ 

TtTJilU "' PJ°"? • "I>«ious ; earnest. 

nf ^«* 'y' '^' piously; religiously. 

iJe-vOOt'ness, n, the_^tate of being devout. 

De-vour', v. (L. de, voro) to eat un 

ravenously; to consume, 
IJe-vflQr'er, n. one who devours. 

1 Dew, n. {S.deatv) moisture; a thin cold 
I vapour.-v. to wet with dew; to moisten. 

iObe.tOb,f.ll;^rrh; t6n.US,6ar.n6^,ne^.-^,-^;:^^i^;^^^ 








Dew'y, a. partaking of dew ; like dew. 
Dow'bCiit, a, bent by dew. 
IJcw'bo-sprCnt, a. sprinkled with dew. 
Dcw'drOp, n. a drop of dew. 
Dew'drOp-pinff, a. wetting as with dew. 
Uew lap, n. tlie flesh whigh haiigs from the 

throat of an ox. 
Dow'lapt.'o. furnished with dewlaps. 
DXx'ter, a. (L.) tlio right.^ 
Dex-tCr'i-ty, n. readiness; actllky; skilL 
DCx'ter-oiis, a. expert ; ready ; active. 
pCx ter-ous-Iy, ad. expertly ; skilfully, 
pcx ter-ous-ness, «. skill ; exportness. 
pex'tral, a. tlio right ; not the left. 
Dex-trai'i-ty, n. the being on the right side. 

Dfiy, n. formerly the title of the 
governor of Algiers. 

diUf chulos) a 
dia, Jcodeid) 

Dl-a-be'tea, n. (Gr.) a morbid copious- 
ness of urine. 

Di-a-bol'ic, Dl-a-bSl'i-cal, a. (Gr. dia- 
bolos) devilish ; atrocious. 

f^^*■!*$l'!"'^^'•'y• ^' '" <* diaboHcal manner. 
UI-a-b61'i-cal-ness, n. the quality of a devil. 
Di-ab o-hsm, n. the actions of a devil ; pos- 
session by a devil. 

Di-ach'y-lon, n. ■ (Gr 
mollifying pliister. 

Di-a-co'di-um, n. (Gr 
syrup of poppies. 

Di-ac'o-nal, a. (Gr. dia.koneo) pertain- 
ing to a deacon. 

Dl-a-cri't'ic, Dl-a-crTt'i-cal, a. (Gr. dia, 
krites) distinctive. 

Di'a-dem, n. (Gr. dia, deo) a crown : 

an ensign of royalty. 
Dl'a-demed, a. adorned with a diadem. 

Dl'a-drom, n. (Gr. dia, dromos) a 
■• course; a vibration. 

Dl-8er'e-sis,n. (Gr.diaMireo) themark 
L"] used to separate syllables ; as, aiir. 

Dl-ag-n8s'tic, n. (Gr. dia, ginoska) a 
distinguishing symptom. 

Di-ag'o-nal,a. (Gr. dia, qonia) roach- 
>ng from angle to angle.— n. a line from 
angle to angle. 

Pi-ag'o-nal-ly, ad. in a diagonal direction. 

Dl'a-gram, n. ((3r. dia, gramma) a 
figure drawn for demonstration. 

Dl'al, n. (L. dies) an instrument for 

measuring time by the sun. 
PI al-ling, n. the art of constructing dials. 
DI al-ist, n. a constructer of dials. 
Dl al-plate, n. the plate on which the hours 

oitlines are markad. 

Dl'a-lect, n. (Gr. dia, leqo) a peculiar 
form or idiom of a language ; speech • 
manner of speaking, -^ • t^ 

Dl-a-iec'tics, M. pi. the art of reasoning. 

pi-a-l6c'tic, Dl-a-ldc'ti-cal, a. logical. 

Dl-a-lec'ti-cal-ly, ad. li)«ically. 

DI-a-lec-tI'9ian, n. a logician ; a reasoner. 

Dl'a-loguo, n. (Gr. dia, logos) a con- 
vorwtion ; a conference — v'. to discourse 
with auojther ; to confer. , 

Dl-a-Iflj;'l-cal, a. pertaining to dlalogoe. 
Di.aro-jrI|e, V. to discourse in dialogue. 
Dl-ai'o-^'ijm, n. speech bet-reen two or mom 
Di-ai'o-gist, n. a speaker in a dialogue ; t 

writer of dialogues. 
Di-ai-o-^Ist'i-cal, a. speaking in dialogue. 
Dl-ai-o-gTst'i-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of c 


Di-5m'e-tor, n. (Gr. dia, metrmy a 
line which passes through the centre of a 
circle, and divide? it into two equal parts. 

I)i-am'e-tral, a. relating to the diameter. 

m-am e-tra!-Iy, ad. in direct opposition. 

Dl-a-'-'';,' nal, <:. d:-A- loing a diameter. 

■"'■'• 'y. ad. in a diametrical di- 

roc . ' rect opposition. 

Di'a-n ; , n. ( Gr. adamas) the hardest 
and most valuable of all the gems.— «. con- 
sisting of diamonds ; resembling a diamond. 

0\ a-mond-ed, a. in squares like diamonds. 

Di-a-pa'ijon, n. (Gr. dia, pas) an octavo 
in music. 

Dl'a-per, n. (Fr. diapre) linen cloth 

woven in flowers or figures v. to draw 

flowers on cloth ; to variegate. 

Di-aph'a-nous, a. (Gr. dia, phaino) 

transmitting light ; transparent. 
Dl-a-pha-iiC'i-ty, n. transparencv. 
Dl-a-phan'ic, a. transparent ; pellucid. 

Di-a-pho-ret'ic, a. (Gr. dia, plutreo) 
promoting perspiration.— n. a medicine 
tliat promotes perspiration. 

Di'a-phragm, dl'a-fram, n. (Gr. dia, 
phragma) the midriflF. ' 

Di-ar-rhce'a, dl-ar-re'a, n. (Gr. dia, 

rheo) a purging; a flux. 
Dl-ar-rhoet'ic, a. purgative. 

Dl'a-ry, n. (L. dies) an account of 
daily events; a journal. 

Di-Ss'to-le, n. (Gr. dia., stello) dilata- 
tion of the heart. 

Di-at'ri-bo. Dl'a-trlbe, n. (Gr.) a con- 
tinued d jurse ; disputation. 

Dibble, n. (D. dipfel) a pointed in- 
strument used in planting. 

Di-ca9'i-ty, n. (L. dico) pertness. 

Dife. See Die. 

Di-chot'o-my, n. (Gr. dicha, temno) 

distribution of ideas by pairs. 
Di-chOt'o-mlze, v. to separate ; to divide. 

Dic'tato, V. (L. dictum) to deliver with 

authority; to tell what to say or write 

n. a command ; an order ; a rule. 
Dic-ta'tion, n. the act of dictating. 
Dic-tiVtor, n. one who dictates ; one invested 

witli absolute authority ; a magistrate ir 

ancient Rome. 
Dlc-ta-tO'ri-al, a. authoritative ; overbearing. 
Uic-ta'tor-ship, n. the ofiice of a dictator. 
Die ta-to-ry, a. overbearing ; dogmatical 
Wic-ta'tiu:e, m. the office of a dictjitor. 

Dic'tion,w. (L.rf?c/Mm) language ; styl( 

DIe'tinn.!i-rv. n. n hnnlr n/%n>>.;ni«-'H~ ,.--_. 

f '■-• ^nDiiig tile »vort 



Fate, ai-df, fall; me, met, thfire, h^r; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt. nor. mOve. i^n ; 


^^... .. -■||.f,g|m^ 




of a Idnguago explained in ftlplmbctical 
order ; a lexicon ; a vocabulary. 

Did,p.t. of do. 

Di-dac'tic, Di-duc'ti-cal, a. (Gr. di- 

datko) Instructive. 
pi-dflc'tl-cal-Iy , ad. in an instruct! ve manner. 
Did-as-cai'ic, a. instructive ; preceptive. 

Did'ap-per, n. {dip) a bird that dives 
into tlie water. 

Did'dlo, V. to totter as a child. 

Di-duc'tion, n. (L.(/iV/Hc/«m) a draw- 
ing apart. 

Dio. Sco Dye. 

Die, V, (Sw. doe) to lose life; to ex- 
pire ; to perish. 
Dy'ing p. a. pertaining to death.— n. death. 
l>y mg-ly, ad. as at the point of death. 

Die, n,( Fr. rfe) a small cube used in 

gaming; hazard: p/. dica. 
Dlje, V. to game with dice. 
l>If'er, «. a player at dice. 
Dife'bOx, n. a box for throwing dice. 

Die, n. a stamp used in coining. 

Dl'et, n. (Gr. diaita) food; mode of 
Kving prescribed for the health.— v. to 
feed ; to eat by rule. 

pi'et-er, n. one who prescribes diet. 

Dl-e-tet'ic, Dl-e-tet'i-cal, a. relating to diet. 

Dret-ing, «. the act of eating by rule. 

Dl'et-drlnk, n. medicated liquors. 

Di'et, n. (L. dies) an assembly of 
princes or states. 

Differ, V. (L. dis, fero) to be unlike ; 
to disagree; to dispute ; to quarrel. 

Dirfer-en9e, n. state of being different ; dis- 
similarity ; dispute; distinction.— V. to 
cause a difference or distinction. 

J^E'J^''"'^"*' "• fl'st'nct ; unlike ; dissimilar. 

inrfer-ent-ly, ad. in a different manner. 

Dlf-fer-en'tial, a. infinitely small. 

Dif 'fi-cult, o. iL.dis,facilis) not easy; 

rwJi?!*^ '? H^ ^°"®5 troublesome ; laborious. 

i^I;,^*^"."''^' *"*• *"'> difficulty; hardly. 

WIf fl-cul-ty, M. hardness to be done ; that 
which IS hard to be done j distress : per- 
plexity; objection. * 

Dif-fide', V. (L. dis,fido) to distrust. 
«If n.den9e, n. want of confidence ; distrust. 
iJlf fi-dent, a. distrustful ; not confident. 
Dlf'fl-dent-ly, ad. in a diffii ent manner. 

Difflu-enge, Dif'flu-en-cy, n. (L. dis, 
Jluo) a flowing away on all sides. 

Dif 'form, a. (L. dis, forma) not uni- 
form; irregular; dissimilar. 
Dif-form'i-ty, «. irregularity of form. 

Dif-fufie', V. (L. dis, fusum) to pour 

out ; to spread abroad ; to scatter. 
Dif-fuse', a. widely spread ; not concise. 
Wif-fCijed', p. a. spread ; loose ; wild. 
«if-fuj'ed-ly, ad. in a diffused manner. 

I>lf-f Q'sive.a.spreading ; scattered ; dispenod 
|^!j-f"'»'ve-ly, ad. widely; extensively. 
Dif-fa'sive-ness, n. extension ; dispersion. 

Dig, V. (S. die) to work with a spade ,' 
to turn up the earth ; to excavate : o. ( 
and p. p. digged or d Qg, 

Dig'ger, M. one who diga. 

Di-gas'tric, a. (Gr. dis,gaster) hannf 
adoub^pelly. " '. ^ 

Di-gest', t). (L. di, gestum) to dis- 
tribute; to arrange; to dissolve in tb« 
stomach ; to reduce to a plan. 

Dl'yest, n. a collection or body of laws. 

Di-^'Cst'ed-ly, ad, in a methodical manner. 

Di-gCst'er, n. one that digests. 

Di-gest'i-ble, a. that may be digested. 

Di-^est-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being digestible. 

Di-^'est'lon, n. the act of digesting. 

Di-^6s'tive, a. causing digestion. 

Sfr f"? !?""''*^' "• **'ite of being diffused. 
Wif-fuse'ly, ad. widely ; not concisely, 
j^ii-ius'er, n. one who aiffuses. 
Dif-fQ jion, n. a spreading ; dispersion. 

Dight, dit, V. (S. dihtan) to dress ; to 
deck. ' 

Dig'it, n. (L. digitus) three-fourths of 
»n ipch ; the twelfth part of the diameter 
01 the sun or moon ; any number under ten. 

Uig i-ta-tcd, a. branched out like fingers. 

Di-glfi'di-ato, v. (L. di, gladius) to 

fence ; to quarrel. 
Di-gla-di-a'tioii, n. a combat ; a quarrel. 

Dig'ni-ty, n. (L. dipius) honour: 

rank; elevation; grandeur. 
Dlg'ni-fy, v. to honour ; to promote. 
Dlg'ni-fied, p. a. invested with dignity. 
Dlg-ni-fl-ca'tion, n. exaltation. 
Dlg'ni-ta-ry, n. a clergyman of rank. 

Di-gress', v. (L.di, gressum) to turn 

aside ; to wander. 
Di-gres'sion, u. a turning aside; a deviation 

from the main subject 
Di-grfis'sion-al, a. deviating ; expatiating. 
Di-grSs'sive, a. turning aside ; deviating. 

Di-ju'di-cate, v. (L. di, judex) to de- 

termine by censure. 
Di-jQ-di-ca'tion, n. judicial distinction. 

Dike, n. {S. die) a ditch; a bankt a 
mound.— V. to secure by a bank. ♦' . 

Di-lac'er-ate, v. (L. eft, lacer) to tear 

asunder ; to rend. 
Di-laf-er-a'tion, n. the act of rending. 

Di-la'ni-ate, v. (L. di, lanio) to tear ; 

to rend in pieces. 

Di-lap'i-date, v. (L. di, lapis) to go 

to ruin ; to decay ; to waste. 
Di-lap-i-da'tlon, n. ruin ; decay; waste. 
Di-ltp' who causes dila|MhtioQ. 
Di-late', V. (L. di, latus) to e^ndj 

to spread out ; to enlarge ; to widen j t» 

speak largely.— a, extensive. 
Di-la'ta-ble, a. capable of extension. 
Di-la-ta-bll'i-ty, m. the being dilatable. 
Dll-a-ta'tion, n. expansion ; extension. 
Di-la'ter, n. one who enlarges or extends. 
Di-la'tor, n. that which widens or extend* 

Di-la'tion, n. (L. di, iatum) delay. 
Dll'a-to-ry, a. slow; tardy; loitering. 

tQbe,tQl),fail; cr?, crypt, mfrrh; tfill, bfty, 5Gr. nd*. ne*' ; ^, o^ist, thia 







DTl'a-to-ri-ly, ad. in a dilatory manner. 
Pll a-to-ri-ness, n. slowness ; slaggishness. 

Di-li5c'tion, n. (L. di, lectum) tho act 
of loving; kindness. 

Di-lgm'ma, n. (Gr. disy lemma) a diffi- 
cult or doubtful choice. 

DTl-et-tun'te, n. (It.) a lover of tho 
flnearts: p;. dll-et-tan'ti. ^ 

Dil'i-gcnt, a. (L. di, lego) constant in 

application ; assiduous. 
Plri-^en9e, n. industry ; assiduity. 
Dll'i-yent-ly, ad. with assiduity. 
Di-lu'yid, a. (L. di, lux) clear. 
Di-ln'fi-date, v. to make clear, 
pj-lu-fi-da'tion, n. tlie act of making clear. 
I>i-lQ'fid-ly, ad. clearly; evidently. 

Di-lutc', V. (L. di, hio) to make thin : 
to make weak.— <i. tliin ; weakened. 

Dll'u-ent, a. making thin or more fluid.— n. 
that which makes thin. 

Di-lOt'or, n. one that makes thin. 

Di-lQ'tion, n. act of making thin or weak. 

Di-lo'vi-an, a. relating to the deluge. 

Di-lQ'vi-ate, v, to spread as a flood. 

Dim, a. (S.) not seeing clear ; obscure. 

— r. to cloud ; to obsoure. 
Dlm'ish, a. somewhat dim. 
Dim'ly, ad. not clearly ; obscurely. 
Dlm'ness; n. dulness of sight ; obscurity. 
Dlm'slght-ed, a. having weak eyes. 

Di-mgn'sion,7i. (L.di,mensum) space; 

bulk; extent; capacity. 
Di-raCn'sion-less, a. without definite bulk. 
Di-mCn'si-ty, n. extent ; capacity. 
Di-m6n'8ive, a. marking the boundaries. 

DTia'e-ter, a. (Gr. dis, metron) having 
two poetical measures. 

Di-mid'i-ate, r. (L. di, tnedius) to 
divide into two equal parts. 

Di-min'ish, v. (L. di, minor) to make 
or grow less ; to impair ; to degrade. 

Di-mTn'ish-er, n. one who diminishes. 

Di-mtn'ish-ing-ly, ad. so as to lessen. 

Di-mln'u-ent, a. lessening. 

Dim-i-nQ'tlon, n. the act of making less ; the 
state of growing less j discredit ; degradation. 

Di-mln'u-tive, a. small ; little ; contracted.— 
n. a word formed to express littleness. 

Di-m!n'u-tive-ly, ad. in a diminutive manner. 

Di-mln'u-tivc-ness, n. smallness ; littleness. 

Di-mit', V. (L. di, mitto) to send away. 
Di-mTs'sion, n. leave to depart. 
Dlm'is-so-ry, a. granting leave to depart. 

Diml-ty, n. (Gr. dis,mitos\) a kind 
of|pton cloth. 

Dim*ple, n. (S. dyntX) a hollow in the 
cheek or chin.— v. to sink in small cavities. 
Dim'pled, p. a. set with dimples. 
Dim'ply, a. full of dimples. 

Din, n. (S. dyne) a loud noise.— v. to 
stun with noise. 

Dine, V. (S. dynan) to eat or give a 
dinner; to feed. 

Din'ner. n. thA rhinf monl nt «lin A^^ 

Din'ing-rAAm, n. tho room for dining, 
Dln'ner-tlme, n. tho time for dining. 

Di-net'i-cal, a. (Gr. dine) whirliojl 

Ding, V. (S. dencgan) to thrust or dasb 
with violence ; to bluster. 

Din'gle, n. (S. </enu) a hollow botweea 
hills ; a dale. 

Din'^y, a. (S. dun) dark ; soiled. 
Din'gi-ness, n. the quality of being dingy. 

Dint, n. (S. dytit) a blow ; a mark j 
force.— V. to mark by a blow. 

Di'o-cese, n. (Gr. dia, oikos) tho juris- 
diction of a bishop. 

Dl-ftc'e-jan, n. a bishop as he stands related 
to his clergy or flock.— a. pertaining to a 

Dl-8p'tric, Di-(5p'tri-cal, a. (Gr. dia, 
optomai) aiding the sight ; pertaining to 

Dl-Op'trics, n. pi. that part of optics which 
treats of the refraction of light. 

Di'o-ri5;m, n. (Gr. dia, horos) defini- 
tion ; distinction. 

Dl-o-rls'tic, a. defining ; distinguishing. 

Dl-o-rTs'ti-cal-ly, ai.. in & distinguishing 

Dip, V. (S. dt/ppan) to pnt into any 
liquor ; to immerse ; to sink ; to enter 
sliL'htly.— n. inclination downward. 

DTp'per, w. one who dips. 

Dlp'9hlck, n. a small bird that dives. 

Diph'thong, dip'thong, n. (Gr. dis, 
piithongos) a union of two vowels in one 

Di-plo'ma, n. (Gr.) a writing con- 
ferring some privilege. 

Di-plo'ma-9y, "• a privileged state ; forms 
of negotiation ; body of envoy* 

Di-plO'mate, v. to invest with a privilege. 

I)Tp-lo-mat'ic, a. pertaining to diplomacy. 

Di-plo'ma-tist, n. one versed in diplomacy. 

Dip'sas, n. (Gr.) a serpent, whose bite 
produces a mortal thirst. 

Dip'tych, n. (Gr. dis, ptuche) a re- 
gister of bishops and martyrs. 

Dire, a. (L.dirus) dreadful: horrible. 

Dlre'fai, a. terrible ; dismal. 

Dlre'fai-ness, n. dreadfulness ; horror. 

Dire'ness, n. dismalness ; horror. 

Di-rect', u. (L.di, rectum) to aim or 
drive in a straight line ; to point ; to regu- 
late ; to order.— a. straight ; open ; plain. 

Dl-rec'tion, n. aim ; order; superscription. 

Di-rCc'tive, a. having power to direct. 

Di-rCct'ly ,ad. in a straight lino ; Immediately. 

Di-r6ct'ness, n. straightness ; straight coursft 

Di-r6c'tor, n. one who directs. 

Di-rec-tO'rI-al, a. giving direction. 

DI-r6c'to-ry, n. a book of directions? a 
guide.— a. guiding ; commanding. 

Di-rfio'tress, Di-rCc'trix, n, a female who 

Di-remp'tion, ti. (L. dis, emptum) se- 


Fit*, fat. fir. faU ; me, mCtj th6re, her ; pine, pin, neld, flr ; note, not, nor, m6vei s6a| 

s'"^ . 




Di-r5p't m, n. (L. di, raptum) the act 
of plundering. 

Dir^e, n. (L. dirige\) a mournful 

ditty J a funeral song. 
Dirk, «. (Gaol, dure) a dagger. 

Dirt, 7>. (D. dryt) mud ; filth ; mire : 

earth — V. to foul ; to bemire. 
Dlrt'y.o. foul ; nasty; filthy; gullied ; mean : 

base.— V. to foul ; to soil. 
I) rt;i-ly, ad. nastily; filthily; meanly. 
uirt l-ness, h. nastinesa ; meanness. 

Dts-an-nor er, n. one who makes voM.'ling. n. the act of making tcM. 
Dls-an-ndl'ment, n. the act of making voW, 

Dis-a-nSint', v. (L. d}$,ad,unctum) to 

render consecration invalid. 

Di3-ap-par'el, «. (L. dia, ad, paro) to 

disrobe; to disorder. 

I^is-ap-Biflr', V. (L. dis, ad, pareo) to 

be lost to the view; to vanish. 
Dls-ap-pear'anje, n. removal from sight. 

DiHvi'hln « a A- c A /v*.! • ""'■»P-Pear'««."- a vanishing from sight. 
wi8-.ible,w.(L.rfw,S.aia A to deprive Dis-nn nXtnt' « /t ^.-^ j 7 

of force; to weaken. vuoi^iiYo l^iS-ap-pfiint , W, (L. rfjs, arf, punc/uw) 

Dls-a-bli'i-ty, n. want of power • weakness. t^y= ^^'''^ «'?5P«ctation ; to balk. 
Dis-a'blcment. n. wcakne^T Ymp^dfmrt!* i ^i^-^P-P""*'"- '"». »»• defeat of expectation. 

Dis-a-bOse', V. (L. rfi*, ab, utum) to ! J^K^^^'j^fi;***'' ?• ^^' <^"' ««?. J^^-o- 
undeceive; to set right. ^ ! fT*"'' *° withdraw from an appropriate 

* u»e.—<i. not appropriated. 

Dis-ac-com'mo-date, v. (L. dis, ad, con, 
moiiut) to put to inconvenience. 


Dis-ac-knowl'edge, dis-ak-n81'edge, v. 
(L. dit, S. cnawan, tec^an) to deny: to 
disown. ■' ' 

Dis-ac-quaint', v. (L. dis, ad, con, no- 

tuml) to dissolve acquaintance. 
Dls-ac-quaint'anf e, n. disuse of familiarity. 

Di3-a-d6m', v. (L. dis, ad, orno) to 
deprive of ornament. 

Dis-ad-v5n'ta§e, n. (L. dis, Fr. avant) 

loss ; injury to interest.— ». to injure. 
DIs-ad-van-ta'g;eous, a. unfavourable. 
DlB-ad"Van-ta'|eous-ly, ad. unfavourably. 
DTs-ad-van-tS'leous-ness, n. loss; injury. 

^I^r^^l^S*'' **• <^- '^««» ad, factum) to 
T^, " w'th discoatcnt; to dislike; to disorder. 
Dls-af-fSct'ed, p. a. alienated ; unfriendly. 
I)Is-af-fect'ed-ness, n. the being disaffected. 
Dls-af-ffic'tion, n. alienation ; dislike. 
Dl8-af-fec'tion-ate, a. not well disposed. 

Dis-af.fW, D. iL.dis,ad,firmu») to 

contradict ; to deny. ' 

Dlu-af-firm'anfe, n. denial ; confutation. 

Dis-af-for'est, v. (L. dis, Fr. c, /ort/) 
to throw open a forest. 

Dis-a-gree', v. (L. dis, Fr.a,gre) to 

differ J to be unsuitable. 
Dls-a-grC-e'a-ble, a. unsuitable; nnpleasing 
Dls-a-grGG'a-bie-ness, n. unpleasantness. 
Dls-a-greC'a-bly, ad. unpleasaiitlv. 
DIs-a-gre6'raent, n. difference ; contrariety. 
DTs-al-]ie^e', v. (L. rfw, arf, Hgo) to 

alienate from allegiance. 
Dis-al-16w' t,. (L. dis, S. o^ It/fan) to 

denv; to refuse permission. 
iHs-al-lOw'a-ble, a. not allowable. 
Dls-al-.flw'anfe, n. prohibition. 

Dis-al-ly', V. (L. rfw, arf, %<,) to disjoin. 

Dis-an'i-mate, i>. (L. dis, animus) to 

deprive of life; to discourage. 
Dis-an-i-ma'tion, n. privation of life. 

Dis-an-nul'. v. (L. rfi>. a/J. ««« 

Kiako void. ' 

I^»?-ap-pr6ve', V. (L. cfi*, arf, proAo) to 

dishke ; to censure. ' "' 

Dis-ap-pro-ba'tion, n. dislike ; censure. 
UIs-ap-pr6v'al, n. censure ; condemnation. 

Dis-arm', v. (L.dis,armo) to deprive 

of arms; to divest. *^ 

Dls-ann'er, n. one who disarms. 
Uis-arm'ing, n. deprivation of arms. 

Dis-ar-ran^e', v.(L. dis, ad, Fr.ranger) 
to put out of order ; to unsettle. 

DIs-ar-range'ment, n. disorder ; confusion. 

DYs-ar-ray', v. (L. di^, ad, S. wriganl) 
to undress; to overthrow.— n. undress: 
disorder; confusion. 

Dis-Ss-si-du'i-ty, n. (L. dis, ad, sedeo) 
want of attention. * ' 

DY3-a8-sfl'9i-ate, v. (L. dis, nd, sociua) 
to disunite. 

Dis-Ss'ter, 71, (L. rfi*, astrum) mfsfbr- 

tune ; calamity ; misery v. to blast : ta 

injure ; to afflict. 

Dis-as'trous, a. unlucky; calamitous. 

Uis-as trous-ly, od. in a disastrous manner. 

Dis-au'thor-Ize, v. (L. dis, auctor) to 
deprive of authority. 

Dis-a.vou9h', v. (L. dis, ad, voeo) to 
retract profession ; to disown. 

Dis-a-vo«'', V. (L. dis, ad, voveo) to 

disown; to deny. 
DJs-a-vOw'al, DIs-a-va^v'ment, n. denlaL 

Dis-bSnd', v. (L.dis,S. handa) to dis- 
miss from service ; to disperse. 

I^is-t^/k', V. (L. dis, Fr. barque) to 

land from a ship. 

Dis-be-lieve', v. (L. dis, S. 

not to believe. 
Dls-be-lief, n. refusal of belief, 
DTs-be-liev'er, n. one who reftasM belief 

Dis-bSnpA', «. (L. dis, S. bene) to dri7« 
from a seat. 


Dis-blame', v. (L. dis, Fr. blamer) to 
clear from blame. 

j^''"""'"" j» x'. \xj. utw, t3. u:Kag) 10 ire* 
from the body. 

t«ibe,tttb,fail5 cry, crypt, mjrrh; toil, bOy. 6tir, n6*, neW; jede, gem. raife, e:; ist- thte 






■> I 



Dis-b8*'el, V. (L. dis, Fr. boyau) to 
take out the intestines. 

Dia-brfinfA', v. (L. dis, Fr. branche) 
to separate or break off. 

Dis-bur'don, V. (L, rfw, S. i» ,*<rn) to 
cose of a burden ; to unload. 

Disrburso', v. (L. rfj's, buna) to spend 

or lay out money. m, 


Dis-cal'fo-ato, v. (L. dw, calceus) to 

put oiT the shoes. 
Dis-cal fo-a'tion, ». a pulling ofif the shoes. 

Dis-cSn'dy, v. (L. dis, candeo) to melt. 

Dia-card', v. (L. dis, charta) to dismiss 
Iroin service or employment. 

Dis-ciir'nate, a. (L. dis, card) stripped 
of«csh. ^ ' ff 

Dis-caso', t'. (L. dis, Fr. caisse) to 
strip ; to undress. 

Dis-yep-ta'tion, n. (L. dis, captum) 
controversy ; disputation. 

.Dis-cern', v. (L. dis, cerno) to discover : 

to distinguish ; to judge. 
Dis-9^rn'er, n. one who discerns. 
I>is-f Srn'i-ble, a. that may be discerned. 
Dis-f^rn'i-bly, ad. perceptiblv ; apparently. 
Dis-firn'ing, n. the power of distinguishing. 

—p. a. judicious ; knowing. 
J>is-9ern'ing-ly, a</. judiciously; acutely. 
Dis-cern'ment, n. power of distinguishing ; 


Dis-9^rp', V. (L. dis, carpo) to tear 

in pieces ; to separate. 
Dis-ferp'ti-ble, a. separable ; frangible. 
Dis-^^rp-ti-bll'i-ty, n. the being separable. 
Dis-;£rp'tion, n. the act of pulling to pieces. 

Dis-^Ss'sion, n. (L. dis, cessum) de- 

Di8-§har^e', v. (L. dis, Fr. charger) to 
disburden; to unload; to pay; to exe- 
cute ; to dismiss ; to release ; to break up. 
— n. a vent; explosion; dismission; re- 
lease; ransom; payment; execution. 

Dis-yhar'^er, n. one who discharges. 

Dis-phurfh', «. (L. dis, Gr. kurios, 
oikoi) to deprive of the rank of a church. 

Dis-jido', Dis-9md', v. (L. dis, scindo) 
to cut in two ; to divide. 

Dis-91'ple. n. (L. disco) a scholar ; a 
follower. — v. to train. 

Dis-fl pie-ship, n. the state of a disciple. 

I>i8-9l'ple-llke, a. becoming a disciple. 

Dls'ci-Djine, n. education; rule of govem- 
ni<|Bk- military regulation ; subjection ; 
pioHplent.— V. to educate ; to regulate ; 
to l^p in order j to punish. 

Pls'^i-pUn-a-ble, a. capable of instruction. 

Dis'fi-plln-a-ble-ness, n. capacity of instruc- 
tion; state of subjectnon. 

Dls'9i-plin-ant, n. one under discipline. 

Ol»-9i-pli-na'ri-an,a. pertfiining to discipline. 
— »». one strict in discipline. 

Dls'ci-pli-na-ry, a. pertaining to discipline. 

Pig-ft1aim^-M. (T.. dts^clatao^ to disoTrn t 
to deny ; to renounce! 

Dls-clflim'cr, n. one that disclaims. 
Dis-cla-roa'tion, n. the act of discloimlnCi 

Dia-clOao', v. (L. dis, clausum) to un- 
cover • to reveal ; to tell. 
Dis-clOj'er, n. one who discloses. 
IJis-clO'juro, n. a revealing ; discovery, 
Dis-clQ'^ion, n. a throwing out ; emission. 

Dis-cOast', V. (L. dis, casta) to quit tho 
coast ; to wander. 

Dia-cSl'our, v. (L. dis, color) to cliaago 

the colour ; to stain. 
Dis-cdl-o-ra'tion, n. change of colour ; stain. 
Dis-col'oured, a. having various colours. 

Dis-c8m'fit, V. (L. dis, con, figo) to 

defeat ; to vanquish. — n. defeat. 
Dis-com'fl-turc, n. defeat ; overthrow. 

Dis-cSm'fort, n. (L. dis, con, fortis) un- 
easiness; sorrow. — v. to grieve; to^a<lden. 
Dis-c<im'fort-a-ble, a. uneasy ; sad. 
Dis-c6m'fort-a-ble-ness, n. uneasiness. 

Di3-com-mend', v. (L. dis, con, mando') 

to blame ; to censure. 
Dts-com-mCnd'a-ble, a. blamablc. 
Dis-cOm-men-da'tion, n. blame ; reproach. 

Dis-cora-mis'sion. v.' (L. dis, con, mis' 
rum) to deprive or a commission. 

Di3-c3m'mo-date. Dis-com-m6de', v. 

(L. dis,con,mo(iui) to put to inconvenience. 
Dls-com-niO'di-ous, a, inconvenient 
Dls-com-mo'di-ous-ness, Dls-com-mOd'l-ty, 

n. inconvenience ; disadvantage. 

Dis-cSm'mon, v. (L. dis, con, munus) 
to deprive of privileges. 

Dis-com-pOse', V. (L. dis, con,positum) 

to disorder ; to disturb ; to vex. 
D!s-com-poj'ed-ness, n. perturbation. 
Dis-c6m-po-st'tion, n. inconsistency. 
Dls-com-pO'jure, n. disorder ; disagreement 

Dis-con-9Srt', v. (L. dis, con, cerld} to 
unsettle ; to defeat. 

want of agreement. 

Dia-con-gru'i-ty, n. (L. dis, congruo) 

Dis-con-nect', v. (L. dis, con, necto) ta 

disunite ; to disjoin. 
Dls-con-nCc'tion, n. disunion. 

Dis-con-sSnt', v. (L. dis, con, seniio) 
to disagree ; to differ. 

Dis-con'so-late, a. (L. dis, con, sohr) 

comfortless ; sorrowful.. 
Dis-cOn'so-la-py, n. want of comfort. 
Dis-cfln'so-late-ly, ad. comfortlessly. ■ 
Dis-c6n'so-late-nes8, n. th« 'leing comfortless. 
Dls-cOn-so-la'tion, n. wan- of comfort. 

Dis-con-tent', n. (L. dis, con, tentumX 
want of content.— a. dissatisfied.— y. to 
dissatisfy ; to make uneasy. 

Dls-con tent'ed, a. dissatisfied ; uneasy. 

DTs-con-tent'ed-ly, ad. with dissatisfaction. 

Dts-con-tent'ed-ness, 71. dissatisfaction. 

nTs-con-tfnt'ingi .f, giving v.npasinQss. 

Dis-con-tent'ment, n. uneasiness. 

Fflte, fat, fir, fSfl; me, met, thfrre, h^r; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nCt, nOr, mflve, s6n| 




DYa-cou-ttn ue, v. (L. dis, con, teneo) 

to leave off ; to ceaae. 
DU-con-tTn'u-BHfe, n. cessation. 
Dl3-con-t1n-u-A'tion, n. disruption, 
I)Is-con-t1n'ii-er, n. one who aiscontiniies. 
])is-cOn-tl-nQ'i-ty, n. disunity of parts. 
Dls-con-tIn'u-ou8, a. broken off ; wide. 

Di.s-con-ve'ni-ent,a. (L. dis, co :, venio) 

opposite i incongruous. 
Dl8.con-vc'ni-eu90, n. disagreement. 

Dig'cord, n. (L. dis, cor) disagree- 
ment ; mutual anf^er.— v. to disagree. 

Di»-cor'dan9e, Dig-cor'dan-^y, n. disagree- 
ment ; opposition ■ inconsistency. 

Dis-cur'dant, a. inconsistent ; inliarmonious. 

Dis-cOr'dant-ly, ad. in a discordant manner. 

Dig-cOrd'fQI, a. quarrelsome ; contentious. 

Dis-cSfin'sol, v. (L. dis, consilium) to 

DTg'cSunt, n. (L. dit, con, puto) de- 
duction ; an allowance. 
Dis-cOQnt', V. to pay back : to deduct. 
Dis-cO&nt'cr, n. one who discounts. 


to abash ; to discourage. — n.cold treatment. 

Dis-cOOn'te-nan-fer, n. ono who discourages. 

Dls-cour'age, v. (L. dis, cor) to dig- 
hearten ; fo depress ; to deter. 

Dls-coQr'a^e-ment, n. the act of dishearten- 
ing ; that which disheartens. 

Dis-cotir'a-^er, n. one who discourages. 

Dis-course',n. (L. dis,cursum) conver- 
sation ; a speech ; a sermon ; a treatise.— 
V. to converse ; to treat of ; to reason. 

Dis-cOur'ser, n. ono who discourses. 

Dis-cOur'sIng, n. the act of conversing. 

Dis-cOur'sive, a. reasoning ; convcrsable- 

Dis-cour'te-ous, a. (L. dis, Fr. cour) 

uncivil ; rude ; unpolite. 
Dis-coQr'te-ous-ly, ad. uncivilly; rudely. 
Dls-coOr'ti-gy, n. incivility ; rudeness. 

. Dis-cov'er, v. (L. dis, con, operio) to 
show ; t), expose ; to reveal ; to espy ; to 
find out ; to detect. 

Dis-c6v'er-a-ble, a. that may bo discovered. 

Dis-ciiv'er-er, n. one who discovers. 

Dis-c6v'er-y, n. the act of discovering ; that 
which is discovered. 

Dis-cred'it, n. (L. dis, credo) igno- 
miny; reproach; disgrace.— v. to deprive 
of credit ; to disgrace. 

Dis-crCd'it-a-ble, a. disgraceful ; reproachful. 

Dis-creet', a. (L.dis, cretum) prudent; 

cautious; modest. 
Dis-crOCt'ly, ad. pnidently; cautiously. 
Dis-creet'ness, n. quality of being discreet. 
Dis-crCto', a. distinct ; di^oined. 
Dis-crfi'tion, n. prudence ; wise management. 
Dis-cre'tion-al, a. left to discretion or choice. 
Dis-cr6'tion-al-ly, ad. at pleasure.or choice. 
l)is-cr6'tion-a-ry, a. unlimited ; unrestrained. 
Dis-cre'tive, a. separate ; distinct. 
Dis-cre'tive-ly, aa. in a discretive manner. 

Dis'cre-pant, a. (L. dis, crepo) differ- 
ent; disagreeing; contrary. 
Dis'cre-panje, Dls'cre-pan-fy, n. difference. 

i ex« 

Dis-crtm'i-nato, v. (L. dis, crimen) tc 
distinguish; to separates to make a differ- ' 
ence. — a. distinguished. 

Dis-crlm'i-nntc-ly, ad. distinctly; minutely. 

Dis-crlm-i-nfi'tion, n. the net or faculty ol 
distinguishing ; distinction ; a mark. 

Dis-crlm'l-na-tive, a. marking distinction. 

Di»-crlm'i-na-tive-ly,od. with discrimination. 

Dis-criVyi^it-ing, a. (L. dis, crwe) 


Dis-cQ'bi-to-ry, a. (L. dis, cubo) lean« 

ing; inclining. 
Dis-cam'ben-9y, n. the act of leaning. X 

Dis-ciirpate, v. (L. dis, culpa) to clear 
from blame. 

Dis-ciimlor, v. (L. dis, D. kommeren) 

to unburden ; to disengage. 

Dis-ciir'sion, n. (L. dis, curaum) a 

running or rambling about. 
Dis-cOr'sist, n. an arguer; a disputer. 
Dis-cOr'sive, a. moving about ; desultory. 
Dis-cOr'sive-ly, ad. in a discursive manner. 
Dis-cOr'slve-ness, w. the being discursive. 
Dis-cOr'so-ry, a. argumental ; rational. 

DTs'cus, n. (L.) a quoit. 

Dis-ciiss', V. (L. dis, quasium) to 

amine ; to deb'.te ; to aisperse. 
Dis-cQs'ser, n. one who discusses. 
Dis-oOs'sing, n. examination ; debote. 
Dis-ctls'sion, n. examination ; disquisition. 
Dis-cOs'siye, a. having power to discuss. 
Dis-cQ'tl-ent, a. dispersing morbid matters. 

— n. a medicine which disperses tumors. 

Dig-dain', V. (L. dis, dignus) to thinV 
unworthy ; to scorn.— n. scorn ;-ccuntempt. 
Dis-dain'ful, a. scornful ; contemptuous. 
Dis-dain'fOI-ly, ad. with haughty scorn. 
Dis-duin'fai-ness, n. haughty icom. lil 

Dis-dain'ing, n. scorn ; contempt. 

Dig-ease', n. (L. dis, JPr. aise) dis- 
temper; malady.— V. to afiOict with dis 
ease; to infect. 

Dis-Caf'ed-ness, n. sickness ; morbidnMs. 

Uis-eaje'fai, a. abounding with disease. 

Dis-eajo'ment, n. trouble ; inconvenience. 

Dig-Sd^e', v. (L. dis, S. ecg) to blunt. 

Dig- em-bark', v. (L. dis, in, Fr. barque^ 
to land ; to put on shore. 

Di3-ora-bar'rags, v. (L. dis, Fr. em- 
barras) to free from embarrassment. 

Dis-em-bay', v. (L. dis, in, S. bugan) 
to clear from a bay. 

Dis-em-bit'ter, v. (L. dis, in, S. biter) 
to free from bitterneM. gi^ 

Dig-em-bod'y, v. (L. dis, in, S. |») 

to divest of body ; to discharge. ^^ 
Dls-em-b6d'ied, p. a. divested of the body. 

10 pour out ; to discharge : to flow out. 

Dig-em-bo'som, v. (L. dis, in, S. bosum) 
to separate from the bosom. 

D"is-em-bovv''t)l,t;. Gj.dis,in, Fr. boyau) 
to take out the bowels. 

»nbe, tQb, fan ; cr?, crjpt, mjrrh ; tSIl, boy, 6tlr, nO<fr,iiew ; fedo, pem, raife, e^ist, tHiiw 




DT(».oin-br8n'ilo, v. (L., and b«, 

wrangle f) to free frojji Utlgntloii. 

DTH-oni-brfiTl', v. (L. //i>, </i, Fr. (jrou- 
lller) to fruo from porptoxlt;. 

I)TH-on-n'l)lo, V. (L. dU, in, S. aia/) to 
uaprlvu of powur. 

DJfl-on-chSnt', v. (L. dit, in, cantum) 

to fri'o from onclmntincnt. 
X)Ti-oii-yhftiit'or, n. one who dUenchanti. 

Dh.«n.ol1in^or,t>. (L.rfw, in, D. Aom- 
Mwoji) to frcd from anrtimbmnco. 

Dl|i-oii.cOiii'brAn9o, n. freedom from onciim- 

DT8^n.Rn§;o', v. (L, din, in, Fr. ffa<fer) 
to sepnratO! to extricate { to withdraw: 
to rolenio ; to free. 

nii-cn-gflKml', p. a. vncnnt ; nt lolnure. 

l)lii-en-K«^o'niunt, n. rcleaio j vacancy. 

DTfl-cn-nrt'ble, v. (L. dis, in, nobilis) to 
deprive of what cunobloi. 

DTs-on-rOU', «. (L. dit, in, Fr. rClc) to 
onuo from n roll or liit. 

Dl8-cn-Blflvo',t>. (L. dis,in, Gor.sciave) 
to free from bondage. 

DitB-cn-tan'glo, v. (L. dis, in, S. tangh 

to unravel; to dlsongaoo. 
Dli-on-tfin'glo-nient, n. dbongnRoment. 

Dls-ou-thrfil', V. (L. du, in, S. Mrar/) 
to Mt free. 

DJs-on-thrflno', v. (L.dis, in, thronus) 
to depoM from Boveroignty. 

Dlfs-on-tl'tlo, V. (L. dis, in, titulus) to 
deprive of title. 

Dt8-en-tran9c', v. ( L. dis, in, Fr. transe) 
to awaken from a trance. 

DJs-e-sp8ajo' V. (L. dis, e, sponsum) 
to separate after espousal. 

Dfa-6-stCCm', n. (L. dis, (estimo) want 
of esteem: »llgbt regard.— v. to regard 

Dis-Cs-tl-ma'tion, n. disrespect. 

Dis-gx'or-cTfo, V. (L. rfw, ex, arcco) to 
deprive ofexercise. 

Dis-fil'vour, n. (L. dis, favor) slight 
displeasure j dislike.— v, todiscouutenaiico ; 
to dt'form. 

Dis-fa'vour-cr, n. one who disfavours. 

Dia-fifi'uro, v. (L. dis, fiqura) to 

change to w worse form ; to doiace. 
}J •-Jl«-"-ra'tlon, n. act of disfiguring. 
"••^B "'e-tneHt, n. change to a worse form. 

DlBp-'est. Seo Disafforest. 

Dis-frhn'vhise, v. (L. dis, Fr. franc) to 

deprive of privileges. 
»is-fran'rhije-ment, n. the act of depriving 

of privileges. 

Dis-fiir'nish, «. (L. dis, Fr. fournir) 
tc deprive ; to strip. 

Dis-car'nish, t>. (L. dis, Fr. oarniV) to 
■trip of ornaments. 

DIs-gflr'rr.ion, v. to deprive of a ffnrrlwa. 

I)iH-«l.yri-fy, f», (L. dia, gloria) to 
deprive of glory. 

DiH-«f)rifo',w. (, gorge) to vomit j 

to elect I to diitiiargp. 
I)l»-g(3r{fo'ment, n. the net of flisgorglng. 

Dis-gravo', n. (L. dis,orntia) stato of 
being out of favour j dinTlmiour ; shanM.— 
y. to put out of favour : to dinhonour. 

I)ln-grnv"'ff>l. rt. shameful ; Ignominious. 

IHn-Krnvo'fOI-ly, nU. shatiiofully. 

I>ln-grace'fai-noss, n. shameftilncss. 

I)ls-gra v«T, n. one who exposes to shame. 

Uis-gra'vious, 0. unploaslng j ungracious. 

DIs'sTo-Rato, V. (L.dis,grex) to Bopii- 
rate ; to disperse. 

Di8->?Ml5jo', V. (Fr. de, guise) to con- 
ceal by an unusual dress; to hide by a 
counterfeit appearance; to disfigure.— 1» 
a counterfeit dress ; a false appcaninrc. 

Pls-gu1j|'cd-Iy, ml. so as to bo concealed. 

I)lH-«ul'fo'ment, n. dress of conceahnent. 

l>i8-gul)'or, n. one who disguises. 

Dls-guljl'lng, «. the act of giving a false np. 
poaranco ; theatrical mummery or masking. 

Dis-eriat', v. (h.dis,giisliLs) distastoj 
dislike ; aversion.— r. to oHeud the tusto s 
to excite aversion. 

nis-gast'ffll, a. oflTensivo to the taste. 

nis-gOst'ing, p. a. nauseous j offensive. 

Dis-gOst'ing-ly, ad. in a manner to disgust. 

DTsh. n. (S. disc) a vessel for serving 
up food ; food.— v. to servo or put in a disL, 
DTsh'clOOt, n. a cloth to wipe dishes. 
Dish'wii-ter, n. water for washing dishes. 

DTs-ha-Mllo', n. {Fr. des, habillcr) un- 
dress ; loose dress. 

Dis-hab'it, w. (L. dis, habito) to drive 
from a liabltution. 

Dis-hcart'cn, dis-liArt'n, v. (L. dit. 
e. hcorte) to discouriigo ; to dtjecU 

Dis-lieir', dis-ar', v. (L. dis, hares) to 

debar frouj inheriting. 
Dis-liCr'i-fon, n. the act of disheiring. 
Dis-hCr'it, v. to cut off from inheriting. 
Dis-hCr'l-tanyo, n. the being disherited. 

Di-shev'el,i). (Fr. de, cheveu) to spread 
the hair in disorder. 

Dis-hon'est,di.s-8n'ost,a.(L.rfi*, Aowor' 
void of honesty; faithless; fraudulent. 

Dis-hOn'est-ly, ad. without honesty. 

Dis-httn'est-y, n. want of honesty. 

Dis-hOn'our, n. reproach; disgrace; igno- 
miny; shame.— r. to disgrace; to bring 
shame upon ; to treat witli indignity. 

I)is-hftn'our-a-ble,o. shameful ; reproachful. 

l)is-liOn'our-a-bly, ad. ignoniinlously. 

Dis-hOn'our-cr, n. one who dishonours. 

Dis-hu'mour, dig-Q'mor, n. (L. 
humor) ill humour ; peevishness. 

Dis-im-prove', v. (L. dis, in, probo) to 

reduce to a worse state. 
DTs-iin-prOve'mont, n. reduction to a worse 


Pile, fit. tir, fUli me, met, there, Wr; pine, pin, Held, fir; note, nftt, nCr, mAve, tini 




DYn-in-^Ar'ccr ato. v. iL.fHs,in,carcrr) 
to fruo from priion. 

DTfl-in-clfiio', V. (L. dii, in, clino) to 

iiroduco rllsllko J to make dlinffuctud. 
I)U-rn-cll-na'tlor. n. ditlike ; ivowlon. 

to deprive of corporate power*. 

I»lH-ln-cOr-po-r.Vtion, n. doprlvutlon of tlio 
privlltiKei of a corporate body. 

DiHin-^en'u-ous, a. (L, dis, iugenium) 

iMifttIr I meanly nrtfuL 
i}'"-|'"*f«'»)Q''-tyt n. moannem ofnrtlflco. 
I>ln-inf;Cn'u.oiii.|y, ad. mifalrly. 
DlN-ln-^Cn'ii-oui-nais, n. mean subtlety. 
DiH-iii-liab'it. Soo Dishabit. 

DiH-in-Wr'it, V. (L. dis, in, harea) to 

cut off from an Inheritance. 
l)l»-in-heri.]fon, n. the act of dlslnhorltlng. 
DTs-in-ty, M. (L. dis, in, terra) to 

tiiUe out of the grave ; to unbury. 
i)l8-In-ttVraent, n. the act of unburylng. 
Dis-Tii'tor-ost, n. (L. dis, inter, esse) 

dUiiilvantage ; indifference to proWt.— 1>. 

to disengage from private Interest. 
ni9-Tn ter-o»t-ed, a. free from Bolf-lntorcst. 
Uia-m ter-eit-ed-Iy, ad. in a dUintere»ted 


Dls-tn'tor-cat-ed-ncM, n. freedom from self- 
Dis.ln'ter-e»t-Ing, a. wanting interest, 
Dis-in-Oro', v. (L. dis, in, utor^ to 
deprive of practice or habit. 

DTfl-in-vIto', V. (L. dis, invito) to re- 
tract an invitation. . 

DTa-in-v81vo', v. (L. d!s, in, volvo) to 
uncover ; to disentangle. 

Dig.jgc'tion, n. (L. dis,jactum) a cast- 
ing down. 

Did-jdin', V. (L. dis, j'unao) to sepa- 
rate ; to disunite. i- -' "" °^1"* 

Dis-iMnt', V. to put out of Joint ; to separate 
a Joint; to break in pieces.-^, separated. 

p.s-jOInt'Iy, ad. in a dfvidcd state. 

l)is-iQnct', a. disjoined ; separated. 

JJis-jQnc'tion, n. disunion ; separation. 

Uis-janc^tive, a. separating; disjoining.-n. 
a word that dissjoins. "' •* '' *• 

I>Is-jQno'tiv»-Iy.a<t distinctly ; separately. 

Disk, n. iGv.diskos) the face of the 
sun or a planet ; a quoit. 

Dis-kmd'ness, n. (L.rfis, S. cyn) want 
of kindness; injury. 

Dis-like', n. (L. dis, S. lie) disinclina- 
tion ; aversion.— r. to disapprove ; to re- 
gard with aversion. 

Dis-lik'en, v. to make unlike. 

Uis-likQ'ness, n. want of resemblance. 

i>is-lik'er, n. one who dislilces. 

Dis-limn', dis-Iim', v. (L. dis, lumen) 
to strike out of a picture. 

Dtsao-cate, v. (L. dis, locus) to dis- 
place ; to put out of joint. 

PIs-lo-ca'tion, n. tiie act of displacing. 

r „ — . ... jinn^ J E« juiiii uispiacco. 


DiH-md^o', w. (L.rfi*,S.%<a») to r«. 

move from a place. 

DiH-lfly'al, a. ( \.. dis, Icjc) not true to 

iillf«lanc.i ; fHitlilcii*. 

l!!''".'2L'"!'y' "''• '*»»"''M»lyi treacherously 
J»isloy'al-ly, n. want of Hdolity. 

DTs'mal.w. (L. dies, malus 1) sorrowfali 

gloomy ; dire ; dark. 
ni,'mal-ly, ad. sorrowfully; horribly. 
IJlj'mal-ness, n. gloominess j horror. 

Dis-mSn'tlo, v. (L. dis, S. mentel) to 
strip J to divest ; to break down. 

Dis-mask', v. (L. dis, Fr. maseue) t* 

divest of a mask. 

Dis-mSst', V. (L. dis, S. mast) to de- 
prive of masts. ' 

Dis-mfty', v. (L. dis, S. maganX) to 

terrify ; to discourage.— n. terror. 
Dis-mtty'ed-nosi, n. dtjoction ?f courage. 

Dismo, dcm, n. (Fr.) a tenth ; tithe. 

Dis-mifm'bor, v. (L. dis, membrum) to 
divide ; to separate ; to mutilate. 

Dis-mfim'ber-ment, n. division ; separation. 

Dis-mTss', v. (L. dis, tnissum) to send 
away; to discard ; to despatch. 

Dis-ml» sal, n. a sending away ; discharge. 

Dis-mls'aion, n. the act of sending awav" 

Dis-mls'sive, a. giving leave to depart. 

Dis-mOrt'ga^e, v. (L. dis, mors, Fr. 
gage) to redeem from mortgage. 

Dis-mSunt', v. (L. dis, mons) to throw 
or alight from a horse. 

Dis-na'turcd.a. (L. dis,natum) devoid 
of natural affection. 

Dia-o-bfiy', v. (L. dis, obedio) to neglect 

or refuse to obay. 
I>l8-o-be'di-en?e,M. neglect or refusal to obey. 
DIs-o-be'dl-ent, a. refusing to obey. 

Dia-o-blI§e>. (L. dis,ob, ligo) to offend ; 

to displease ; to release from obligation. 
Di8-Ob-li-ga'tion,n. offence; cause of disgust. 
I>is-Ob h-ga-to-ry, a. releasing obligation. 
l»is-o-bllg'er, n. one who disobliges. 
Dls-o-bllj;'ing, p. a. offensive; uncivil. 
Dls-o-bllj;'iftg-ly, ad. offensively; uncivilly. 

Dis-flrbed', a. (L. dis, orbis) thrown 
out of its orbit. 

Dis-or'der, n. (L. dis, ordo) want of 
order; confusion; irregularity; tumult j 
sickness.— V. to throw into confusion ; to 
disturb; to discompose ; to make sick. 

Dis-or'dered, a. irregular ; deranged. ^^^ 

Dis-or'der-ly, a. confused ; tumultuous j fll. 
mi.— ad. without order; without law. 

Dis-or'di-nate, a. living irregularly. 

Dis-fir'di-nate-iy, ad. irregulariy; viciously. 

Dis-6r'ga-nTze,v. (L. dis, Gx.organon) 

to destroy order or system, 
Dis-oF-gan-i-za'tion, n. subversion of order. 

Dis-o'ri-ent-ed, a. (L. dis, orior) turned 
Irom the right direction. 

tQbe, tttb, fflU} cry, crjpt, mifrrh; tdll, b6f, 

Ottr, n8*, ne*; yede, gem, t»i|e, e^Ut, OkiM 








Dis-5wn', V. (L. dis, S. a.<7an) to deny; 

to renounce ; not to allow. 
Dis-pair', t>. iXt.diSfpar) to separate 

u pair or couple. 
Dls^pa-rate, a. separate ; dissimilar. 
Dis'pa-rates, n. pi. tilings unlike. 
Pis-par'i-ty, n. inequality ; difference. 

Dis-pSr'a^e, v. (L. dis, par) to injure 
by comparison j to undervalue ; to vilify. 

Dis-par'aKe-ment, n. injurious comparison ; 
reproach; disgrace; indignity. 

Dis-pflr'a-^er, n. one who disparages. 

Dis-pSr'a-^ing-Iy, ad. so as to disparage. 

Dia-p&rk', v. (L. dis, S. pearroc) to 
throw open ; to set at large. 

Dis-pdrt', V. (L. rfis, pars) to divide ; 
U> separate ; to break ; to burst. 

Dis-p5s'sion, n. (L. dis, passum) free- 
dom from passion ; apathy. 
Di8-pas'sior.-ate, a. cool ; calm ; impartial. 
Dis-pas'sion-ate-ly, ad. coolly; calmly. 
Dis-p.ts'sioned, a. free from passion. 

Dis-pStjh'. See Despatch. 

Dis-pSu'per, v. (L. dis, pauper) to de- 
prive of the claim of a pauper. 

Dis-pSl', V. (L. dis, pello) to drire 
away; to scatter; to dissipate. 

Dis-pend', v. (L. dis, pendo) to lay out; 
Dis-pen9e', n. cost ; charge ; profusion. 

D:° pense',«. (L. dis, pensum) i^ deal 

out ; to distribute ; to administer ; to ex- 

cuso ; to free from obligation. 
Dis-pfin'sa-ble, a. that may be dispersed with. 
Dis-pfin'sa-ble-ness, n. the being dispensable. 
Dis-pCn'sa-ry, n. a place where medicines 

are dispensed to the poor. 
Dl8-pen>sa'tion, n. distribution ; method of 

providence ; an exemption froni some law. 
Dis-pfin'sa-tive, a. granting dispensation. 
Dis-p6n'sa-tive-ly, ad. by dispensation. 
Dls-pen-sa'tor, n. one who dispenses. 
Dis-p6n'sa-to-ry, a. granting dispensation. — 

n. a directory ^r making medicines. 
Di8-p6n'ser, n. one who dispenses. 

Dis-peo'ple, v. (L. dis, vopulus) to 

empty of people : to depopulate. 
Dis-peo'pler, n, a depopulator ; {i waster. 

Dis-perse', v. (L. di, sparsum) to 

scatter ; to dissipate i to distribute. 
Dis-pers'ed-ly, ad. in a dispersed manner. 
Dis-pirs'ed-ness, n. state of being dispersed. 
Dis-per»e'nes8, n. thinness ; a scattered stata. 
Di»-pers'er, n. a scattcrer ; a spreader. 
Dis-per'sion,. n. the act of dispersing. 
li^p^sive, a. having power to disperse. 

tffl^ir'it^ V. (L. di, spiro) to dis- 
courage; to dishearten ; to deject. 
Dis-plfit-ed-ness, n. want of spirit. 

DiB-pla^e', V. (L. dis, Fr. place) to put 
out of place ; to remove. 

Di3-pla'9en-cy, «. {h. dis, placeo) in- 
civililty; dislike. 

Dis-DlSnt'. V. (L. dis, planla) to re- 
move a plant ; to strip of inhabitants. 

Dts-plan-ta'tion, n. the act cf displanting. 
Dis-plant'ing, n. removal ; ejection. 

Dis-plat', V. (L. dis, W. pleth) to u» 
twist ; to uncurl. 

Dis-play', V. (L. dis, plico) to spread 
wide ; to exhibit ; to set out ovtentatioiuly. 
— n. an exhibition ; a show. 

DiS'play'er, n. one that displays. 

I)is-pleaRe',v. {"h.dis, placeo) tc offexl] 

to make' angry ; to disgust. 
Dis-pl@a|'ant, a. offensive ; unpIeasASt. 
Dis-piea$'ant-ly, ad. in an unpleasing nianneK. 
Dis-plea^'ed-ness, n. tho being displeased. 
Dis-plCa^'ing-ness, n. offensiveness. 
Dis-piea^'ure, n. offence ; anger ; uneasiness; 

pain ; state of disgrace. 

Dis-plode', v. (L. dis, plaudo) to dis- 
perse >vith a loud noise. 
Dis-pla'jion, n. the act of disploding. 

Dis-plume', v. (L. dis, pluma) to strip 
of leathers. 

Di-spon^e', v. (L. di, spongia) to dis- 
charge as from a sponge. 

Dis-pOrt', n. (L. di, Ger. spottV) play; 
pastime. — v. to play ; to divert. 

Dis-po^e', V. (li. dis, positum) to 
place ; to arrange ; to regulate ; to adapt ; 
to incline ; to employ ; to bestow ; to sell. 

Dis-pos'a-ble, a. free to be used or employed. 

Dis-poj'al, n. regulation ; management. 

Dis-pO^'er, 7i. one who disposes ; a director. 

Dis-p6^'ing, n. direction ; regulation. 

Dls-po-§l'tion, n. order; distribution; fit- 
ness ; tendency ; temper ; inclination. 

Dis-p6f'i-tive, a, that implies disposal. 

Di3-pf)s'i-tive-ly, ad, (Tistributively. 

Dis-pO*jure, n. management : direction. 

Dis-po-s-jiess', V. iL.dis,possessum) to 

put out of j)03session ; to deprive. 
Dls-pos-j6s'sion,N.aputting out of possession. 

Dis-praise', n. (L. dis, pretium) blame ; 

censure.' — v. to blame ; to censure. 
Dis-praij'er, n. one who dispraises. 
Dis-praij'ing-ly, ad. with blame. 

Dis-pread', v. (L. di, S. sprcedan) to 

spread around ; to extend. 
Dis-prCad'er, n. a publisher ; a divulger. 

Dis-prize', v. (L. dis, pretium) to un- 

Dis-prof it, 'n. (L. dis, pro, facUtm) 
loss; damage; detriment. 

Dis-proof. See under Disprove. 

Dis-prop'er-ty, v. (L. dis, proprius) to 
dispossess of property. 

Dis-pro-por'tion.n. (L. dis, pro, portio) 
unsuitableness oi one thing to another; 
want of symmetry; disparity.— v. to join 
things unsuitable In quantity or form. 

Dls-pro-pOr'tion-a-ble, a. unsuitable. 

Dls-pro-pOr'tion-a-ble-ness, n. unfitness. 

Dls-pro-por'tion-a-bly, ad. unsuitably. 

Dls-pro-pOr'tion-al, a. without proportion. 

Dls-pro-pCr-tion-ai'i-ty,M.want of proportion 

Dis-pro-pui'tion-al-iy, ad. unsuitably. 

FaU, fat, far, fall | me, m6t, thfire, hit ; pine, ptn, field, fir ; note, u6t, nSr, mdve, 




Dls-pro-pOr'tion-ate, a. unsuitable. 
Dls-pro-pOr^tion-ate-ly, ad. unsuitably. 
DIs-pro-por'tion-ate-ness, n. unsuitableness. 
Dis-prove', v. (L. dig, probo) to prove 

false or erroneous , to confute. 
Dis-prdv'er, n. one who disproves. 
yis-pr66f', n. confutation ; refutation. 

Dis-pun^e', v. {L. dis, pungo) to blot 
out ; to erase. 

^j^-piin'ish-a-ble, a. (L. dis, punio) 
that may not be punished. /"*'""> 

Dis-pute', V. (L. dis, pulo) to argue : 
to debate; to contend.— n. arjtunient- 
controversy ; contest. argument , 

nJf Sm1x"^'^; "• ^^^ ""^y "'e disputed. 
iJl3-pu.tftf'i-ty, n. proneness to dispute. 

Dis Sn fVtV.^- "" »re^er ; a controvertist 
nte? ■*?/*'""• "• *'"' »« of disputing. 
sLj^^n."* ^ *."'"^' "• inclined to &pute. 
Dis-pQ'ta-tive, a. disposed to debate. 
Dis-pDt er, n. one who disputes. 
ui8-pQt mg, n. controversy; altercation. 

^t^^^l'^iH' ^^•<'"' ^««^«) to make 
n;^^'-', *o disable; to deprive of a right.'tion.n.thatwhich disqualifies. 

ness; ^^restlessness; anxilty.-a. uneasy; 

to disturb. 


^f a Ma*t: "' ^^' '^'*' *^'^^*> **> P«t out 
Dis-sgct', V (L. rfw, sec/uTO) to cut in 

pieces ; to divide and examine. 

ni'f'^^*',V-"'''®' "V*"** '"»;' be dissected. 
Dis-sCc tion, n, the act of dissecting. 
i>is-sec'tor, n. one who dissects. 

Dis-seize',«. (L. dis, Fr. saisir) to did. 

possess wrongfully; to deprive, 
nis-sei/in, M. unlawful dispossession. 
Dis-seiz'or, n. one who dispossesses another. 
Dis-sSm'ble v. (L. rfw, «m»7M) to dis- 

gUise; to play the hypocrite. 

ni'ftl™.,''^"?®' "• ^»n* of resemblance. 
Dis-sem b er, n. one who dissembles. 
iJis-sem'bling, n. fallacious appearance. 
Di3-s6m', ad. with dliSSion. 

n fif";'""? "°°' "• act of disseminating. 
Dis-sem'i-na-tor, n. one who dissemKl 

ir, mOT0, ate. 

ni«2„i'ff '^' "• "nea^iness; restlessn6ss. 
U|s-qul'et.ous, a. causing disquiet. 
I>is.qui'e-tr 4e, n. uneasiness ; anxiety. 

a discussion; examination. '^ 

Dia-re-gdrd', n. (L. dis, re, Fr. o^r^^r) 
sight notice; neglect ; 'contempt.-TL 
slight f to neglect ; to contemn. 

D sire'f IrH ?a|";°"® '',^° '"^'^'^ «•• contemns, 
uis-re-gard fai, a. negligent ; contemptuous. 

^'f-^ensh. n. (L. cfw, re, Fr. /t'cAer) 

fikl^t'n 't"''' ' na«seousn'ess.-:„. to dfs- 
"Ke; to make nauseous. 

Dis-re-pute', n. (L. dis, re, puto) dis- 
credit; clishonour.-r. to bring into dfs- 
credit or dishonour; to disregafd. 
I>is-r6p'u.ta-ble, a. not creditable • menn 
Dis-rep-u-ta'tion, „. disgrace rdfsi.o^our: 

Dis-re-spect', n. (L. dis, re, specttm) 
want of^resneet ; incivility. ' *'*""'"^ 
.WTs-re-spCctYQI, a. uncivil ; irreverent 
Dls-re.spect'fai-ly.fld.unciv'illy ; irreverently. 

drlL"^®/' ''• ^^•'''*' Fr.roie) to un- 
dress! to uncover; to strip. 
Uis-rOb'er, n. one who disrobes. 

^S;^ii'?'*^*',"' "• ^L- '^'«' »-«;'^w»') the 
act of breaking asunder. 

^il'f *?^"^^' "• <^^- '^'■'^ satis, facio) to 
^make discontented ; to displease. 

Disissrll^filn'f'""' "' «'»<:"nl«"' ; uneasiness. 
«is.8at-i».fac'to-ry, a. unable to give content, 

Dis-sent , v. (L. dis, seniio) to d sagreo 
*" oP'n'on ; to diflFer.-«. disagreement^ 
difference of opinion. ""sreement , 

n!=1x"^-''"'"' disagreement ; strift : discord 

D Hen tX' ''• '!"«':«"«>"«; contentS 

D s-slnilr «°"„';a • dlf^Sjeeable ; contrary. 

Li ^/' "; °"^ ^^° dissents ; one who 

does not conform to the established church 

^lo "dtpt'je"- ^^- '^^^ *^''> *<> ^^^^O'^eJ 
DlsW-^'Ji°"' *^ " discourse ; a treatise, 
bates" ' "' °"® "''° discourses or de. 

S"lS"^®'' ^- ^^'dis, semio) to injure 
Dis.s6r^vife, n. Injury ; mischie/. •' 

Dif-ltera'^l"' «• inji'-ious; hurtful, 
n p1aI/^ f ®"^"u y* '"*• 80 as to injure. 
Dis-sfir'vife-a-ble.neas.n. u^ury; hurt. 

Dis-set'tle-ment, n. the act of unftxing! 

^i^-sev'er, V. (L. rfw, Fr. sevrer) to 
part m two ; to divide. ""'^rur) t« 

»is-sev'er-ing, n. separation. 

^Si:JfS*aiLi^er!''*»*^''''''> "°*-gree. 

^SSiS"ol>e"n.^^-''^' *«"''> *'^«^«* 

Dis-sim'i-lar, a. (L. dis, similis) uuliko 
Dis-slni-i.lar'i-ty, ,,. unlikeness. ' * 

D r^'t';!?'?' ;*i-'^°' "• '*^"* of resemblance. 
l>is-s!m-u-la'tion, n, the act of disseniblinir • 
hypocrisy ; faUo pretension. '='""'"'« » 

Dis'si-pate, v. (L. rfmijoo) to scatter* 

to disperse ; to squander. 
Dis si-pa-bie, a. liable to be dissipated. 
Uls-si-pa'tion, n. dispersion ; dissolute llvinft 

Dis-so'ji-ate, v. (L. dis, socius) to sepa- 
rate ; to disunite ; to part. '^ 

l)is-sO-ci.a-bil'i-ty, n. want of sociability. 
Uis-sO-yl-a^tion, n. separation ; division. 

tnb..iflb.ffl]l. cr?,cr?pt.m^rrh; t6Tl. b6?, fiOr. nflvCsnew; jede. ^em. raije. ejl.t.lii 




Dia-sSlve', v. (L, rfw, solvo) to melt; 
to disunite ; to separate. 

Dls'so-lu-ble, a. tliat may be dissolved. 

Dls-80-lu-bll'i-ty,n.liablenes8 to be dissolved. 

DlB'so-lQte, a. loose; debauched; vicious. 

DTs'so-lOte-ly, ad. loosely; In debauchery. 

Dls'se-lQte-ness, n. looseness ; debauchery. 

Dts-so-lO'tion, n. the act of dissolving ; de- 
struction ; death ; dissipation ; the act of 
breaking up an assembly. 

Dls-86lv'a-ble, e. that may be dissolved. 

Dis-sOlv'ent, a. having power to dissolve.— n. 
tnat which has power to d'ssolve. 

Dif-jOlv'er, n. one that dissolves. 

Dis'so-nant, a. (L. dis, sono) harsh ; 

unharmonious ; discordant. 
Dis'so-nange, n. discord ; disagreement. 

Dis-suade', v. (L. dis, suadeo) to advisa 

or exhort against. 
Dis-suad'er, n. one who dissuades, 
nis-sua'^ion, n. advice against. 
Dis-sua'sive, a. tending to dissuade. — n. a 

reason or argument that diverts from any 


Dis-syna-ble, n. (Gr. dis, suUale) a 

word of two syllables. 
Dls-syl-iab'ic, a. consisting of two syllables. 

Dis'tafiF, n. (S. dlstcef) the staff from 
which flax is drawn in spinning. 

Dis-tain', V. (L. dis, tingo) to stain ; 
to blot ; to sully. 

Dis'tance, n. (L. di, sio) space be- 
tween two objects ; remoteness of place ; 
space of time; respect; reserve. — v. to 
place remote ; to leave behind in a race. 

Dts'tant, a. remote in place or time ; not 
allied ; reserved ; slignt ; faint ; not obvious. 

Dis'tant-ly, ad. at a distance ; remotely. 

Dis-taste', n. (L. dis, Fr. t&ter) dis- 
relish ; aversion ; dislilse ; disgust.— 1>. to 
dislilce ; to loathe. 

Dis-taste'fOl, a. nauseous ; offensive. 

Dis-taste'fCiI-ness, n. disagreeableness. 

Dis'tas'tive, n. tliat which causes distaste. 

Dis-tSm'per, n. (L. dis, tempero) a 
disease ; a malady ; ill humour. — v. to dis- 
ease ; to disorder ; to disturb. 

Dis-tem'per-ate, a. immoderate ; diseased. 

Dis-t6m'per-a-ture, n. bad temperature ; per- 
turbation ; confusion ; indisposition. 

Dis-t&nd', V. (L. dis, tendo) to stretch 

out ; to spread apart. 
Dis-tfint', a. stretched out ; spread apart. 
Dis-ten'tion, n. the act of distending. 

Dis-tSr', V. (L. dis, terra) to banish 
from a country ; to exile. 

D!s-t^r'mi-nate, a, (L. dis, terminus) 

separated by boun<}s. 
Dis-t^r-mi-na'tioOf It. separation ; division. 

D!s'tich,n. (Gr. dit, stichos) two poetic 
lines ; a couplet. 

Dis-tTl', V. (L. di, stillo) to drop ; to 

flow gently ; to extract spirit. 
DIs-tllia-ble, a. that may be distilled. 
Olfi-til-ia'tion. fii the act of distilliiisT: 
Dis-tll'la-to-ry, a. belonging *9 dittUllation. 

Dis-tll'ler, n. one who distils. 
Dis-tTl'ler-y, n. a place for distilling. 
Dis-tU'ment, n. that which is distilled. 

Dis-tinct', a. (Jj. di,stinauo) different^ 

separate ; clear ; specifiea. 
Dis-tlnc'tion.n. difference; separation; noi 

tation of difference ; preference ; discern* 

racnt; eminence; honourable estimation. 
Dis-tlnc'tive, a. that marks distinction. 
Dis-tlnc'tive-ly, ad. particularly; plainly. 
Dis-tTnct'ly, ad. clearly ; not confusedly. 
Dis-tlnct'ness, n. clearness ; precision. 
Dis-tTn'guish, v. to note the difference ; t« 

make distinction ; to separate ; to discern ; 

to constitute difference ; to make eminent. 
Dis-tTn'guish-a-ble, a, that may be known. 
Dis-tln'guished, p. a. eminent ; celebrated. 
Dis-tln'guish-er, n. a Judicious observer. 
Dis-tln'guish-ing-iy, ad. with distinction. 
Dis-tln'guish-ment, n. act of distinguishinf. 

Dis-tl'tle.v. (L. dis, titulus) to deprive 
of right. 

Dis-tort', V, (L. dis, tortum) to twist ; 

tf deform ; to wrest. 
Dis- dr'tion, n. act of distorting ; perversion. 

I)is-tract', v. (L. dis, tr actum) to draw 
apart ; to separate ; to perplex ; to mako 
mad. — a. mad. 

Dis-tract'ed-ly, ad. madly ; franticly. 

Dis-trSct'ed-ness, n. state of being distracted. 

Dis-tract'er, n. one that distracts. 

Dis-trdc'tion, n. separation ; confusion ; per* 
plexity; disorder; madness. 

Dis-trac'tive, a. causing perplexity. 

Dis-train', v. (L. dif stringo) to seize 

for debt ; to make seizure. 
Dis-tr*m'a-ble, a. that may be distrained. 
Dis-train'er, n. one who distrains. 
Dis-traint', n. seizure for debt. 

Dis-tress', n. (Fr. detresse) misery ; 
misfortune ; aflSiction ; seizure. — v. to af- 
flict ; to harass ; to make miserable. 

Dis-trSss'fOl, a. full of trouble ; miserable. 

Dis-trSss'fal-ly, ad. in a miserable iSanncr. 

Dis-triiss'ing, a. afilicting ; painful. 

Dis-trib'ute, v. (L. dis, tributum) to 

divide ; to deal out ; to dispense. 
Dis-trlb'u-tcr, n. one who distributes. 
Dis-tri-bu'tion, n. the act of distributing. 
Dis-trTb'u-tive, a. that distributes. 
Dis-trlb'u-tive-ly, ad. by distribution. 
Dis-trlb'u-tive-ness, n. desire of distributing. 

Dis'trict, n. (L. di, strictum) a pro- 
vince ; a territory ; a circuit. 

Dis-trQst', V. (L. dis, S. tryiosian) not 
to trust ; to duubt ; to suspect.— n. doubt | 
suspicion ; discredit. 

Dis-trQst'ffil, a. apt to distrust ; dlRidcnt. 

Dis-trOst'fai-Iy, ad. in a distrustful luaimer. 

Dis-trQst'fDl-ness, n. the being distrustful. 

Dis-trOst'ing, n. want of confidence. 

Dis-trQst'less, a. without suspicion. 

Dis-turb',«. (L. dis, turba) to perplex . 

to disquiet ; to interrupt. 
Dis-tar'ban(e, n. confusion ; tumult. 
Dis-tQr'ber, n. one who disturbs. 

DTs-u-nlto', V-. (L; dis- urms) to sepa 
rate ; to divide ; to part. 

uis-iii iB-io-ry, a. ueionging *9 swuiiaiiun. ram , lu uiviuu ; lu purt. 

Fate, fat, far, f^; me, met, thSrs, her; pine, ptn, field, flr ; note, n&t. dub mSve, suiy 




IMi-fln Ion, n. separation ; disjunction. 
lM»-a ni-ty, n. a state of separation. 
Dis-D'ni-form, a. not uniform. 

Dis-Dse', n. cessation of use. 
Dis-u'jage, n. cessation of custom. 

Dis-val'ue, v. (L. dis, valeo) to set a 
low price upon; to disesteem.— n. dis- 
esteem; disregard. 

Dis-vai-u-a'tion, n. disesteem ; disgrace. 

Dis-v8u9h', v. (L. dis^ voco) to dis- 
credit; to contradict. 

Dis-wont'j V. (L. dis, S. wunian) to 

deprive of wonted usage. 

Dis-wor'ship, n. (L. dis, S. weorth- 
scipe) cause of disgrace. 

Di-ta'tion, n. (L. dito) act of enriching. 

D%h, n. (S. rfic) a trench cut in the 

ground ; a moat.— v. to make a ditch. 
DIt9h er, n, one who digs ditches. 

Dl'the-ism, n. (Gr. dis,theos) the doc- 
trine of two Gods. 

Dl'the-ist, n. one who believes in two Gods. 

Dl-the-Is'tic, Dl-the-Is'ti-cal, a. pertoining 
to ditheism. " 

Dtth'y-rSmb, Dith-y-ram^ic, n. (Gr. 
dUhuramb»t) &\\ymxi in honour of Bacchus. 
Dltn-y-ram'bic, a. wild ; enthusiastic. 

Dit'ta-ny, n. (Gr. dikiamnos) a plant. 

Dtfc'to, ad. (LJiclum) as said ; the same. 

^K^h "• ^^- '^«<''w"» ?) a poem ; a eong. 
JJIt tied, a. sung; adapted to music. 

(Gr. dia, ourbn) pro- 
-n. a medicine that pro- 

Dl-u-ret'ic, a. 

moting urine 
motes urine. 

Di-ur'nal, a. (L. dies) relating to the 
day.— n. a day-book ; a journal. 

SI'S!/" ."."*'• "•• °,"® ^'"' ^^""''es a journal. 
Dl-Ornal-ly, ad. daily; every day. 

Dl-u-tur'nal, a. lasting ; of long continuance. 

Dl-u-tQr'ni-ty, n. length of duration. 

Di-van', n. (Ar.) the grand council of 
Turkey; a council ; a hall. 

Di-var'i-cate,v. (L. di,varico) to divide 

into two ; to open ; to stride. 
Di-vftr-i-ca'tion, n. partition ; division. 

Dive, V. (S. dvfian) to sink under 

water ; to go deep ; to penetrate. 
Div'er, n. one who dives. 

Di-vel'j V. (L. di, velh) to null asiinder. 
Di-vDl'sion, n. the act of pulling asunder. 
Di-vQl sive, a. having power to pull asunder. 
Di'verb, n. (L. di, verbum) a proverb. 

Di-ver^o', V. (L. di, verqo) to tend 

various ways from one point. 
Di-v^r'jrenfe, Di-ver'^en-9y, n. tendency 

to various parts from one point. ' 

Di-ver'^ent, a. tending to various parts from 

one point. 

Di-vcrf', V. (L. di, verhi) to turn aside: 
to amuse; to entertain; to exhilarate. 

Di vers, a. several ; sundry; more tliaa one. 
DI verse, a. different ; unlike ; various. 
pi-ver'si-f9, v. to make different ; to vary. 
I^;-ver-si-fl-ca'tion, n. variatitm ; change. 
Di-ver'sion, n, a turning aside ; sport ; pla> 
Di-versi-ty, n. difference ; variety. 
Di'verse-ly, ad. in different ways ; varioudy 
Di-vert'er, n. one that diverts. 
Di-v^r'tife, t;. to please; to e.thllaratei. 
Di-ver'tife-ment-, n. pleasure ; delight 
Di-ver'tive, a. amusing ; exhilarating. 

Di-vgst', V. (L. di, vestis) to strip. 
Di-v6st'ure, n. the act of putting off. 

Di-Tlde', V. (L. divido) to part ; to se- 
parate ; to sunder ; to deal out. 

Di-vld'a-ble, a. that may be divided. 

Di-vld'ed-ly, ad. separately. 

Dlv'i-d6nd, n. a share ; a part allotted In a 
division ; a number to be divided. 

Di-vld'er, n. one that divides. 

Di-vld'ing, n. separation. 

Di-vld'u-al, a. shared ; participated. 

Di-vlf'i-ble, a. that may be divided. 

Di-v!f-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being divisible. 

Di-vls i-ble-ness, n. quality of being divisible. 

Ui-ylj ion, n. the act of dividing ; that which 
divides ; the part separated ; disunion. 

Di-vl sive, a. creating division or discord. 

Di-vl'jor, «. a number that divides. 

Di-Tlne', a. (L. divus) pertaining to 
God; godlike; heavenly.— n. a miiuster 
of the gospel ; a clergyman ; a theologian. 

,~^: to foretel ; to presage ; to conjecture. 

Div-i-na'tion, n. the act of divining, 

Div'i-na-tor, n. one who professes divination. 

Di-vlji'a-to-ry, a. professing divination. 

Di-vliie'ly, ad. by the agency or influence of 
tiod ; in a divine manner ; excellently. 

Dl-vlne'ness, n. participation of the divine 
nature ; supreme excellence. 

pi-vln'er, n. one who professes divination. 

Di-vln'i-ty, n. the state of being divine ; the . 
nature or essence of God ; the Deity ; a 
false god ; a celestial being ; the science ol 
divine things ; theology. 

Di-vSrge', v. (L. di, verlo) to dissolve 
the marriage contract ; to separate.— n. the 
legal separation of husband and wife. 

Di-vorce'ment, n. dissolution of marriage. 

Di-vOi-'9er, n. one that divorces. 

Di-v<)r'9ive, a. liaving power to divorce. 

Di-vulge', V. (L. di, vulgus) to mako 

public ; to make known ; to proclaim. 
Di-vQl'gate, v. to publish.— a. published. 
Di-vul-ga'tion, n. the act of publishing. 
Di-vOl'ger, n. one who divulges. 

Di-vul'sion. See under Divel. 

Di'zcn, dl'zn, v. to dress ; to deck. 

Diz'zy, a. (S. dysi) giddy ; thought- 
less ; whirling.— D. to make giddy. 
Diz'zard, Dij'ard, n. a blockhead. 
Diz'zi-ness, n. giddiness ; vertigo. 

D6,v. (S. rfon) to practise ; to perform ; 
to execute ; to exert ; to transact ; to flniah t 
to answer the purpose : p. t. did ; p.p. d6n* 

pfl'er, n. one who does ; an agent. 

Do'ingj, n. pi. things done j Ua^auciions. 

DOat. See Dote. 

tOfce,tflb,fQll; erf, crypt, mjrrh; tflll,bOy,OQr,n6w,now; 9ede, f om, ralje, exUt, tftto 




D(t9 ilo, a. (L. doceo) teachable. 
D(l9'i-ble, a. easily taught ; tractable. 
Dd9'i-l)le-ne83, n. readines* so learn. 
Du-(1l'i-ty, n. aptness to be taught. 

Dock, n. (S. rfocce) a plant. 

DSck, n. (G. dok) a placo for building 

or laying up ships. 
Ddck'y&rd, n. a place where ships are built, 

and naval stores reposited. 

DSck, V. (W. tociaw) to cut off; to 
cut short — K. the stump of a tall. 

Drtck'et, n. a label or direction on goods ; a 
list of cases in court. — v. to mark with titles. 

Doc'tor, n. (L. doctum) a title in 
divinity, physic, law, &c ; u physician ; a 
learned man. 

I>Oc'tor-aI, a. relating to the degree of doctor. 

DOc'tor-al-ly, ad. in the manner of a doctor. 

DOc'tor-ato, n. the degree of a doctor.— y. to 
confer the degree of doctor. 

Ddc'tor-ess, n. a female physician. 

DOc'tor-Iy, a. like a learned man. 

Oftc'tor-ship, n. the rank of a doctor. 

Dfic'trine, n. what is tftught ; a principle of 
belief; a truth of the gospel ; instruction. 

D6c'tri-nal, a. containing doctrine ; pertain- 
ing to the act of teaching.— n. something 
that is part cf doctrine. 

DOc'tri-nal-ly, ad. in the form of doctrine. 

Dflc'u-ment,M.precept ; instruction ; a written 
evidence.— w. to instruct; to direct; to 
furnish with documents. 

DOc-u-mfint'al, a. belonging to instniction. 

Ddc-u-mCnt'a-ry, a. pertaining to documents. 

DSd'der, n. (Ger. dotter) a plant. 
DOd'dered, a, overgrown with dodder. 

Do-dec'a-gon, n. (Gr. dodeka, gonid) 

a llgure or twelve equal sides. 
D3d^e, V. idogX) to use craft ; to shift 

pl:i ; to play fast and loose. 
Dod'ntir, n. one who dodges. 
DOd'^er-y, n. trick. 

Dodldn, n. (D. duit) a little doit. 

Dod'man, n. a crustaceous fish. 

Do'do, n. a large bird. 

DOe, n. (S. da) the female of a buck. 

Doff, V. (do, off) to put off; to strip. 

Dog,n.iGeT.doffffe) a domestic animal. 
— V. to follow as a dog. 

Dftg'ged, a. sullen ; sour ; norose. 

I)Og'ged-ly,a<f. sullenly; sourly; morosely. 

Drtg'ged-ness, n. suUenness: moroseness. 

DOg'ger-el, a loose ; irregular ; vile ; mean. 
r-n. a loose, i"regular kind of verse. 

Dflg'gisli, a. churlish ; brutal. 

Di-ig'bri-er, n. the brier that bears the hip. 

DiVfheap, a. cheap as dogs' meat. 

DOg'dayf , n. pi. the days in which the dog- 
star rises and sets with the sun. 

Drtg'f Ight, n. a battle between dogs. 

)>6g'keep-er, n. one who takes care of dogs. 

Dog'flsh, n. a species of shark. 

r)(Vfly. n. a voracious biting fly. 

I)f)g'heart-ed, a. cruel ; pitiless ; malicious. 

Ortir'hrilG. H, A mpjin habltationa 

D Vken-nel, n. a bouse for dogs. j 

Dflg^ecfh, n. a dog-doctor, 
D6g mild, a, mad as a dog. 
Dflg'rOje, n. the flower of the hip. 
Ddgyearf , n. pi. the corners of leaves tt 

books folded down. 
Dflg'sTck, a. sick as a dog. 
Drtg'skTn , a. made of the skin of a dog. 
Dftg'sleep, n. pretended sleep. 
Drtg'j'mOat, n. refuse ; offal ; vile stuff. 
Ddg'star, n. the star Sirius. 
DOg'trOt, n. a gentle trot, like that of a dog 
DOg'tceth, n. tlie teeth next the grinders. 
DOg'trlck, n. an ili turn ; surly treatment. 
DOg'wea-ry, a. excessively weary. 

Do^e, TO. (It.) formerly the title of the 
chief magistrate of Venice and Genoa. 

DSg'ma, TO. (Gr.) an established prin- 
ciple ; a settled opinion ; a doctrinal notion. 

Dog-mat'ic, Dog-mat'i-cal,a. authoritative} 
positive ; magisterial ; arrogant. 

Dog-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. positively ; arrogantly. 

Dog-mat'i-cal-ness, w. the being dogmatical. 

DOg'ma-tijm, n. positiveness in opinion. 

DOg'ma-tist, n. a positive asserter. 

D(^g'ma-tlze, v. to assert positively. 

D6g'ma-tlz-er, n. one who dogmatizes. 

DiJi'ly, n. a species of woollen stuff. 

Doit, TO. {I>.duit) a small piece of money. 

Dole, V. (S. dcelan) to deal ; to distri- 
bute. — n. the act of dealing; any thing 
dealt out ; a portion ; charity. 

Dole, TO. (L. doleo) grief; sorrow. 
Dole'fai, a. sorrowful ; dismal. 
Dfjle'fftl-ly, ad. sorrowfully ; dismally. 
Dole'fdl-ness, n. sorrow ; melancholy. 
Dole'some, a, melancholy ; gloomy. 
Dole'some-ness, n. gloom ; melancholy. 
DO'lour, n. grief ; lamentation ; pain. 
DOl-o-rlf'er-ous, a. producing pain. 
DOl-o-rlf'lc, a. causmg grief or pain. 
DOl'o-i'ous, a. sorrowful ; dismal ; painful. 
D6ro-rous-ly, ad. sorrowfully ; mournfully. 

DoUjTO. (trfo/?) a child's puppet or baby. 

Dol'lar, TO. (Ger. thaler) a silver coin. 

Dol'phin, TO. (Gr. delphin) a fish. 

Dolt, TO. (S. dol) a heavy stupid fellow. 
Dolt'ish, a. stupid ; dull. 
Dolt'ish-ness, n. stupidity. 

Do-main', to. (L. dominus) dominioaT* 
estate ; land about a mansion-house. 

Dome, TO. (L. domus) a building; a 

house; an arched roof ; a cupola. 
Do'mal, a. pertaining to a house. 
Do-mCs'tic, a. belonging to the bouse ; pri. 

vate ; tame ; not foreign.- n. one kept in 

the family ; a servant. 
Do-mCs'ti-cal, a. belonging to the honse. 
Do-mes'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a domestic manner. 
Do-mfis'ti-cate, v. to make domestic ; to tame 
Dem'i-file, n. a house ; a residence. 
D5m'i-9iled, a. having an abode. 
DOm-i-ctl'ia-ry, a. pertaining to an abode 

intruding into private houses. 
Ddm-i-9iri-ate, v. to render domestic. 

D(?m'i-nate i?. (IJ. doTHintts^ to nilsi 
to govern; to prevail over. 

Pate, fat, far, fail; mC, mSt, thfire, hJr; pine, pTn, field, fir; n«e, nOt, nor, mOve, ti>u 




Dflni 1 -nanfe. a. ruling ; jfovemingr ; prevailing. 
pOm-i-na'tbn,». power ; dominion ; tyranny. 
UOni i-na-tsTe, a. governing ; imperious. 
DOmi-na-tor,n.a ruler; an absolutogovemor. 
pora-f-noer', v. to rule with insolence. 
Uo-raln ion, n. sovereign authority; power; 

government; territory; region; district. 
Do-min'i-cal, a. (L, dominus) notinc 

the Lord's day, or ihe Lord's prayer. 

Bon, n. (L. dominus) a Spanish title. 
Udn ship.n. the rank of a gentleman or knight. 
Don, V. (.do, on) to put on. 

Do-na'tioD, n. (L. donum) the act of 

giving ; a grant ; a gift. 
Do na-ry, n. a thing given to sacred uses. 
IJon a-tive, n. a gift ; a present ; a largess. 
Uo-nee , ft. one to whom any thing la given. 
UO nor, n. one who gives any thi-^g. 

Done, p./). of rfo. 

Don'jon, n. (Fr.) a strong tower. 

Doom, V. (S. dom) to judge; to con- 
demn ; tx> destine.~n. judicial sentence ; 
condemnation ; destruction. 

Dbflm'fai, a. full of destruction. 

DflOmj'day, n. the day of flnal judgment. 

DOdm&'day-bdflk, n. a book made by order 
of William the Conqueror, in which the 
estates of England were registered. 

Door, n. (S. duru) the entrance into 

a house or apartment ; a passage. 
DoOr'case, n. the frame of a door. 
DoOr'keC'p-er, n. one who keeps a door. 
Door'post, n. the post of a door. 
DOOr'stCad, h. entrance of a door. 

Doq'uet. See Docket. 

Do'ri-an, a. pertaining to Doris. 
DOr'ic, a. pertaining to Doris ; denoting one 

of the orders of architecture. 
Dor'i-fijm, ». a phrase of the Doric dialect. 

Dor'mant, a. (L. dormio) sleeping ; at 
rest J not used ; concealed ; leaning. 

p(Vmant,D6r'mar,nji large beam ; a sleeper. 

Dormi-tive, n. a soporific medicine. 

Dor'mi-to-ry, n. a place to sleep in ; a burial 

Dor'ture, n. a place io sleep in ; a dormitory. 

DormOdse, n. a small animal. 

Dorp, n. (D.) a small villago. 

Dorr, n. a kind of flying insect. 

Dor'sal, a. (L. dorsum) relating to 

the back. ** 

Dor'sel, D Vser, n. a pannier ; a basket. 

Dose, n. (Gr. dosis) the quantity of 
medicine taken at one time. — v. to give in 

')ot, n. (S.dt/ttani) a small pointer 
stop.— V. to mark with dots ; to make dots. 

Do'tal, a. (Gr. dos) relating to the mar- 
riage portion of a woman. 
Do-ta'tion,ni,the act of endowing; endoivment. 

Dote, V. (D. doten) to have the mind 
impaired by age or passion j to besiily; 
to love extremely ; to decay. 

Do'ta^o.n. imbecility of mind; silly fondneai. 

po'tard.n. one whose mind is impaired by age, 
J>f)'tard-ly,a(/.iikeadotard; stupid; wwk. 
pot er, n. one wlio dotes ; one weakly fond. 
Dot'ing-ly, ad. by excessive fondncai. 

DSt'tard, n. {doddered 1) a tree kepi 
low by cutting. 

Diit'ter-cl, n. {dole) a bird. 

Dofl-a-nicr', n. (Fr.) an officer di 


Doub'Ie, a. (L. dupleaf) two of a sort 
twice as much ; twofold ; deceitful.— <Ki', 
twice over.— It. to add as much more ; tc 
increase to twice the quantity ; to repeat ; 
to fold ; to pass round.— n. twice the quaa< 
tity or number , a trick ; a shift 

poQb'le-ness, n. the being double ; duplicity. 

DoQb'ler, n. one that doubles. 

poQb'let, n. a waistcoat ; two ; »pair. 

poOb'ling, n. an artifice ; a shift. 

DoQb' twice the quantity; deceitfully. 

poub-166n', n. a Spanish coin. 

poub'le-blt-ing, a. cutting on either side. 

poab'le-deal-er, n. a deceitful person. 

poab'le-deal-ing, n. artifice ; duplicity. 

poOb'le-dye, v. to dye twice over. 

poab'le-eyed, a. with a deceitful aspect. 

poob le-fa93d, a. deceitful ; hypocritical. 

poab'le-fOrined, a. having a mixed form. 

poQb Ic-fOOnt-ed, a. having two sources. 

poOb'le-glld, V. to gild with double colouring. 

poQb'le-liSnd-ed, a. having two hands. 

poub'ie-heart-ed, a. having a false heart. 

poab'le-lOck,«;. to fasten with double security, 

poQb'le-mind-ed, a. unsettled; wavering. 

poab'Ie-mouthed, a. having two mouths. 

poob'le-na-tured, a. having a twofold nature. 

poab le-slwde, v. to double natural darkness. 

l>oab le-shln-ing, a. shining with double 

Doub'le-tSngued, a. deceitful. 

Doubt, dout, V. (L. dubito) to waver ; 
to hesitate ; to suspect ; to question.— n. 
uncertainty of mind ; hesitation ; suspense ; 
suspicion; difficulty. 

D6Qbt'a-ble, a. that may be doubted. 

Uoobt'er, ft. ooe who doubts. 

I>OQbt'fai, a. not settled; ambigD6us; ob- 
scure ; uncertain ; hazardous ; suspicious ; 
not confident. 

poabt'fai-ly, ad. in a doubtful manner. 

pOQbt'fai-ness, n. suspense ; ambiguity. 

pOQbt'ing, n. scruple ; perplexity. 

pOObt'ing-ly, ad. in a doubting manner. 

pOQbt'less, a. secure.— od. unquestionably. 

DOQbt'less-ly.od. unquestionably; certainly, 

Dou-9eur', n. (Fr.) a bribe ; a lure. 

Dough, do, n. (S. dah) unbaked paste. 
Dough'y. «• like dough ; soft ; unhardened. 
DOugh'baked, a. unfinished ; soft. 
DOugh'knead-ed, a. soft ; like dough. 

Dough'ty, dou'ty, a. (S. dolUig) bravo 

valiant ; noble ; eminent. 
D6iigh'ti-ness, n. valour ; bravery. 

Doiise, V. (Gr. duo\) to plunge intc 
water ; to fall suddenly into water. 

Dove, n. (S. dtiua) a pigeon, 
D6ve'cOt, Dovo'hoasft, n. a place for dovei. 

Ittfc*, tOb, f QU ; cry , or y pt, m^h ; tflll, bfljf , OOr, nOVfr, new ; f ede, jcm, raifo, e^t. thta 





Hifoliko, a, rpsonililing n dovo. 
I>r»V(;'Hhl|), n. tho (iimlity of n dovo. 
Uov'lNh, a, like n. ilovo ; Innocent. 
D6vo't<1il, u. )i fiinn of Joining two bodici.— 
V. to Join by dovutiiil. 

I)«*'«>r, Dow'or-y, Do^'ry.n. (Gr.dos) 
the property wlncli n wife l>rinKii to lier 
htiKliiiiKl ; a widowV portion ; cnilowmont. 

!)ftw'ti-lilo, (I. tliiit nmy bo dowered. 

UAyV'a-pr, n. iv widow with a Juiuturo ; a 
liidy who Mirviven lior hu8l)and. 

f>rt\V'ered, a. fiirniglicd witli n dower. 

I)ft w'er-lo»s,«. without n do wcr;unportloned. 

DoN^'dy, n. (Gael, dudl) an awkward 

ilt-drntised woman.— a. uwl<wurd. 
l)(1<V'las, ?». a kind of coareo linen. 

D«<\Vn, n. (Di'.n. dimn) soft feathers 

or hair; nny tliinff timt Hiiotlioa. 
Dftwnod, a, stuffed with down. 
l)0*n'y, a. covered witli down ; soft. 

Di1*n, n. (S. dun) a flat on tho top of 
n hill ; a lurico open plain. 

DovVn, prei>. (S. adun) alone a do- 
scent J from 11 liiKlior to a lower place ; to- 
wards tlio nioutli of a river. — ail. to a lower 
place or state ; on the ground. — a, plain ; 
dejected — 1». to descend j to conquer. 

Drtwn'ward, DrtvVn'wards, ad. from a higher 
to n lower place ; in a aescciulinpr course. 

PftxVn'wnrd, a. tending down : dejected. 

l)fl\Vn'cast, a. bent down ; dejected. 

PrtNVn'fal, n. ruin ; cnianilty ; a sudden full. 

]>A\Vn'frillen, a. ruined; fallen. 

D^wn'ffyvcd, a. hanging down loose. 

I>ft\)('n'li11l, M. declivity.— a. sloping. 

DrtwnlOAkcd.n.glooiny ; sullen ; melancholy. 

l)0\X'n'l9-ing, n. the time of repose. 

DOvln'rIght, a. plain ; open ; direct ; iin- 
cerenionioua. — ad. straiglit down ; in plain 
terms; completely. 

DflvVn'rlght-ly, (ui. in plain terms ; bluntly. 

DAwn'rlght-ness, n. plainness ; bluntness. 

DONvn'sU-ting, n. tho act of sitting; rest. 

Dox-Sl'o-^y, n. (Gr., logos) a 

form of giving glory to Ood. 
DOx-o-lOg'i-cal, a, giving praise to God. 

Dox'y, n. a prostitute ; a sweetheart. 

Doze,?). (Da,xi. doscr) toshirabor; to 

sleep lighMy ; to stupify. 
D0'7.v, a. sieopy; droway; sluggish. 
Dii'zKness, n. sleepiness'; drowsiness. 
DO'zing, n. a slumbering ; sluggishness. 

Doz'en,duz'n, a. ( Fr. douzaine) twelve. 
— n. the number twelve. 

Drfib,n.(S.rfraM<»)aslut ; a strumpet. 

— V, to associate with strumpets. 
Drab'bing, n. a keeping company with drabs. 

Drab, n. (Fr. drop) a kind of thick 
woollen cloth.— <i. of adun colour, like drab. 

Drachm, drSm, n. (Gr. drachm*!) a 
Oi-cek coin ; the eighth part of an ounc. 

jiffiff, n. (D. draf) refuse; lees; dregs. 

OrAf'Jl&Ii, Draf'fy, a. dreggy; worthless. 

Draft See Draught. 

Drag, V. (3. dragan) io puii along by 

force ; to draw nlong ; to trail on tiM 
groimd ; to proceed heavily.— n. a kind ol 
net ; a hook ; a car ; whatever is drawn. 

DrAg'man, n.atlshonnan who usod a dragnet.'nCt, n. a net which is drawn along tbt 
bottom of the water. 

Drii^'o-man, 7i. (Ch. turgman) an in 
terpreter in Eastern countries. 

DrSg'on, n. (Gr. drakon) a kind o: 

winged serpent ; n Werce, violent person. 
DrAg'o-net, n. a little dragon. 
DrAg'oii-iHh, a. in tlio form of a dragon. 
Dr.lg'on-like, a. furious; llery. 
l)rflg'on-HC, n. a tierce stinging fly. 
DrAg'on'j^-bloud, n. a resin. 

Dra-g66n', n. (Gr. drakon) a eoldior 
who serves either on horseback or on foot. 
—V. to compel to submit. 

Drag-oon-ade', n. a ravaging by soldiers. 

Drain, v. (S. drehnigean) to ;.raw off 
gradually ; to make dry.— n. a channel for 
water ; a watercourse ; a sink. 

Drake, n. tho male of the duck. 

Dram,n. (Gr.rfracAm^) tho eighth part 
of an ounce in apothecaries' weight, and 
the sixteenth in avoirdupois ; a glass of 
spirituous liquor. 

Dra'ma, Dra'ma, n. (Gr.) a poi in 
accommodated to action ; a tragedy ; a 
comedy ; a play. 

Dra-mftt'ic, Dra-mftt'i-cal, a. pertaining to 
tho drama; represented by action. 

Dra-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. by representation. 

Dram'a-tist, n. a writer of ploys. 

DrSnk, p. t. of drink. 

Drape, t>. (Fr. drop) to make cloth. 

Pra'pcr, n. one who sells cloth. 

Dra'per-y,,n. tho trade of making or selling 
cloth; cloth; thodressofligures in paint- 
ing and sculpture. 

Dras'tic, a. (Gr. drao) powerful ; active 

Draught, dr&ft, n. (S).draqan) tho act 
of drinking ; the quantity drunk at oncot 
the act of drawing ; the quantity drawn ; 
delineation ; sketch ; a detachment ; tha 
depth to which a vessel sinks in water ; au 
order for money. — v. to draw out. 

Draughts, n. pi. a game resembling chess. 

Draught'hOQse, ft. a house for refuse or tilth. 

Draughts'man, n. one vho draws writing! 
or designs. 

Draw, V. (S. dragan) to pull along; to 
pull out ; to brliig by force ; to attract i 
to inhale ; to extract ; to extend ; to de- 
rive ; to deduce ; to allure ; to compose ; 
to delineate ; to move ; to advance : jx. & 
drew ; ». p. dr.lwn. 

Draw'a-ble, a. that may be drawn. 

Draw-ee', n. one on whom a bill is drawn. 

Driiw'er, n. one who draws; a waiter; • 
sliding box in a case or table. 

Draw'erj, ». pi. a close under garment. 

Dwiw'ing, n. delineation; representation. 

Drawn, a. equal ; having equal advantage. 

Dniw'b.ick, n. money paid back or returned 

Draw'brld^re, n. a bridge made to bo lifted up 

DrHw'iiig-rouui, n. a room for company. 

If ate, fat, far, fiill! mc, mCt, thtfre her; pine, ptn, field, fir; uOtc, iiOt, nor, ipJve.sdo* 




Dnlwl. V. (D. draalen) to uttor slowly. 
— n. slow protracted utterance. 

I.^'"''?.'/*' ^^- ^ragan) a low cart. 
Jrfly hOrao, n. a horse which draws a dray. 
vi-iy man, n. a man who attends a dray. 
Df Sad, n. (S. drad) great foar ; terror : 

n T5r^- »*'"'•-«'• to ho in great fear. 
DrCad'er, n. one who dreadi. 
Uread'ffll, a. terrible ; awful. 
I>read'fai-nes8, n. terrihleness. 
I)rCad'fai-ly, ad. terribly; frighliully. 
IJrCad'less, a. fearless ; intrepid. 
Uread'less-nesB, n. fearlessnesg ; intrepidity. 
Druam, n. (D. droom) thouglits in 
H cep ; idle fancy.—*, to have thoughts in 

sleep : to imagine ; to idle ; to see in a dream. 
IjrOani'er, n. one who dreams. 

l)r^U5}"^'''^'' "/• H^'SSiMy. negligenily. 

DrCam'less, a. free from dreams. 

Drear, a. (S. dreorig) dismal ; gloomy. 

Dreary a. dismal ; gToomy; mounifuL '' 
IJrtar ily, ad. dismallv; gloomily. 
Urt-ar'j-nejs, n. dismalness ; gloominess. 
DrSd^o, n. (Fr. dr^ge) a kind of net. 

— tt. to gather with a dredge. 
DrCd'ger, n. one who fishes with a dredge. 

Dredge, v. to scatter flour on meat 
wliilo roasting. 

Drggj, (G^r. dreck) sediment of 
liquors; lees; relctse. 

DrCg'gish, a. foul witii less. 

DfCg'gyt a. containing dregs ; muddy. 

DrSnr^, w. (S. drencan) to wet tho- 

roughly ; to soak ; to purge violently ;j, 

a draught ; a swill. ' 

Dress, v. V r. dresser) to clothe ; to 
adorn ; to deck ; to cook ; to covera wound • 
to put m order ; to arrange in a line : p.t. 
and p. p. dressed or drfist. 

DrCss, n. clothes ; garment ; habit. 

DrCss er, n. one who dresses ; a kitchen table. 

DrCssmg.M. attire; ornament; application 
to a wound; labour or manure upon land. 

VT&is «ng-r66m, n. a room for dressing in. 

Drew, dra, JO./, of c/rau'. 

^^^h y- S^' (iriopan) to crop: to cut 

on ; to defalcate.— n. a drop. 
Dnb'ble, V. to fall in drops. 
I)rll)'bling, »». a falling in drops. . 
Drib let, n. a small quantity or sum. 
DrI'cr. Sec under Dry. 

Drift, n. (S. drifan) any thing driven 
at i-andom ; a heap driven together ; de- 
sign ; scope.— ». to drive ; to be driven 
along; to be driven into heaps. 

^i*-n' "• ^^* ^*»^^«««) to pierce with a 
drill ; to bore ; to exercise troops ; to train • 
to sow in rows; to flow gently; to mu»*<r! 
— n. an ir.strume!it for boring holes* a 
small brook; military exercise; a row of 
gram; an ape 5 a baboon. 

Drink, t). (S.dnnc) to swallow liquors: 
to quench thirst; to be a habitual drunk 
ard ; to absorb : p. t drank ; p. ». drOnk. 

ifri.::., u. iiquo" to be sjnallowed ;"■ race 

Drink tt-ble, a. that may be drunk. 

Drink er, n. one who drinks ; a dnu>*»rd. 
JJrlnk ing, n. tho act of quenching thirM 
the habit of taking strong liquors to excetM 
Urink mOn-ey, n. money given to buy liquor 

Drip, V. (S. driopan) to fall in dropa 
— »». that which falls in drops. 

Drip pin;„ n. fat that falls from roast meat. 

Drive, V. (S. drifan) to force alone I 
to urge forward; to impel; to force; w 
carry on ; to guide ; to rush with violence : 
to pas8 in a carriage ; to tend ; to aim : e. £ 
drove ; p. p. dri v'en. """"•*. * 

Drive, M. passage in a carriage. 

nMff' "• °il® **'° 'l'"^«» '• a coachman. 
Drlv'ing, n. the act of impelling; tendency. 

Driv'el, drivl, v. (dribble \) to slaver: 

n™ r*"*' to,<l«»te— »• »»aver ; an idiot. 
Driv el-ler, n. a slaverer; an idiot; afooL 

Driz'zle, v. (G. driusan) to fall in 

small drops.— n. small rain or snow. 
Drlz;z ing, n. the falUng of small drops. 
JJrlz zly, a. sheddmg small rain or »now. 

DrSil, V. (D. druilen) to drudge : to 
plod.— n. a drudge ; a slave. 

.Droll, a. (Fr. drole) comical ; odd : 
merry.-n. a jester; a buffoon; a farce.— 
V. to play the buflToon ; to jest ; to clieat. 

DrO er, n. a jester ; a buffoon. 

Dro er-y, n. idle jokes; buffoonery. 

Dro ing, n. low wit; buffoonery. 

Dro ing-ly, ad. in a jesting manner. 

Drolrish, a. somewhat droll. 

Drom'e-da-ry,n. {Gr.dromas) a species 
of camel. / t- » 

Drone, n. (S. droit) jiale of tho 
honey bee; a sluggard; an idler; a low 
humiiung sound.— r. to live in idleness; 
to emit a low humming sound. 

DrOn'ing, n. dull drivelling utterance. 

DrOn ish, a. idle ; indolent ; sluggish. 

Dron Ish-ness, n. laziness; inactivity. 

Droop, V. (S. driopan)' to languish: 
to faint ; to sink. fa "" » 

Drijp, n. (S. dropa) a globule of liquid; 
a very small quantity of liquor ; an ear- 
ring.-v. to pour or fall in drops; to let 

^fall ; to fall ; to quit ; to die. * ' " "" 

Drop'let, n. a little drop. 

DrOp'ping, n. that which drops. 

Drop'sy, n. (Gr. hudor, ops) a collec- 
tion ol water in the body. 

DrOp'si-cal, a. diseased with dropsy ; tending 
to dropsy ; of the nature of dropsy. 

DrOp'sicd, a. diseased with dropsy. 

Dross, n. (S.dros) the scum of metals: 

rust ; refuse. ' 

DrOs;si-ness,n. foulness; impurity; rust. 
DrOs'sy, a. full of dross ; worthless ; foul. 

Drought, droilt, n. (S. drugolfie) dry 

weather ; want of rain ; thirst. 
DrOQght'y, a. wanting rain ; sultry; vhirsty. 
Drove, p. t. of drive. 

Drove, n. (S. draf) a number of cattle' 
any collection of animals ; a crowd. ' 

DrO'ver, n. one who drives cattle. 

labe.tiib.fQll; cry, crypt, m^h; toil. l,(5y. 60r, nOw. new; jede, gem, ruije. e,Ut. ii^ 






Drt5*n, v. (b. drencan) to suffocate m 
water ; to overwhelm in water ; to over- 
flow ; to inundate ; tc 'mmerge. 

DrO*n'er, n. one tliat dr >wns. 

Dri5*5!0, V. (D. droosun) to make heavy 

with sleep ; to slumber ; to look heavy. 
Drdw'sy, a. sieepy ; heavy; dull. 
DrOw'^i-ly, ad. sleepily ; heavily ; lazily. 
DrAw'^i-ness, n. sleepmeas ; Bluggishnets. 
Drdw'jjy-bCad-eJ, a. sluggish ; heavy. 

Drub, V. (Sw. drabba) to beat; to 
thrrjh.— n. a blow ; a thump ; a knock. 

DrOb'bing, n. a beating ; a thrashing. 

Drudge, v. (S. dreogan) to work hard ; 
to labour in mean offices.— n. one employed 
in mean labour ; a slave. 

DrOd'ger-y, n. mean labour; hard work. 

0rDd'^ing-ly, ad. laboriously; toilsomely. 

Drug, n. (Fr. drogue) any substance 
used in medicine ; any thing without value. 
— V. to season or tincture with drugs. 

DrOg'gist, n. one who deals in drugs. 

Drug'get, n. (Fr. droguet) a kind of 
woollen stuff. 

DrA'id, n. (Gr. drtis) an ancient 

Celtic priest. 
Dru-!d'i-cal, a. pertaining to the druiJi. 
DrO'ld-i^m, n. the religion of the druids. 
Drum, TO. (D. tro7n) an instrument of 

military music ; the tympanum of the ear ; 

a large concourse of visitors. — v. to beat a 

drum ; to expel with beat of drum. 
DrOm'mer, n. one who beats a drum. 
DrQm-ma'ior, ii. the chief drummer. 
DrOm'stlck, n. a stick fo:- beating a drum. 

Driim'ble, v. (S. dran i) to be sluggish. 

Drunk, a. (S. drinc) intoxicated with 

liquor ; saturated wit' ■>isture. 
DrOnk'ard, n. one habitually drunk. 
DrOnk'en, a. intoxicated with liquor. 
DrQnk'en-ly, ad, in a drunken manner. 
DrOnk'en-ness, n. intoxication ; inebriation. 
Dry, a. (S. drig) not wet ; not rainy; 

not juicy ; arid ; thirsty ; barren ; plain ; 

cold ; sarcastic— V. to free from moisture ; 

to drain ; to grow dry. 
DrI'er, n. that which absorbs moisture. 
Dry'ly, ad. without moisture ; coldly. 
Dry'ness, n. want of moisture ; barrenness. 
Dry'nQrse, n, a woman who brings up and 

feeds a child without the breast. 
Dry'salt-er, n. a dealer in dried meats, &c. 
Dry'shOd, a. without wet feet. 

Dry'ad, to. (Gr. drus) a wood-nymph. 

Du'al, a. (L, duo) expressing the 
number two. 

Du-al'i-ty, n. that which expresses two. 

Diib, V. (S. dubban) to make a man 
a kuight ; to confer any dignity ; to make 
a quick noise.— n. a blow ; a knock. 

Duiji-ous, a. (L. dubius) doubtful; 

uncertain; not plain. 
Du-bl'e-ty, n. uncertainty; doubtfulness. 
Du'bi-ous-ly, ad. uncertainly; doubtfully. 
pQ'bi-ous-ness, n. uncertainty : doubtfulness. 
Pu'fai-ta-bie, a. doubtful ; uncertain. 

DoTjl-tan-^y, n. lioubt ; uncertaiBty. 
Da-bi-ta'tiun, n. the act of doubting. 

DQ'cal. See under Duke. 

Duck, n. (Ger. ducken) a water-fowl*, 
a declination of the head ; a dip unoef 
water.— tf. to dive or put under water ; tf 
drop down the head ; to cringe. 

DOck'er, n. a diver ; a cringer. 

Dflck'ling, n. a young duck. 

Dack'ing-stOOl, ». a stool to duck scolds. 

Dack'legged, a. short-legged. 

Duct^ n. (L. ductum) guidance ; a 

passage ; a canal ; a tube. 
DOc'tile, a. easily drawn out ; pliable. 
DOc'tile-ness, n. flexibility; ductility. 
Duc-tTl'i-ty, n. capacity of being drawn out 

without breaking ; compliance. 
DQc'ture, n. direction ; guidance. 

Dud'^eon, to. (Ger. degen) a small 
dagger ; anger ; suUenness ; ill-wilL 

Due, a. (L. debeo) owed ; that ought 
to be paid or done ; proper ; exact. — ad. 
directly; exactly.— n. that which belongs 
to one ; right ; Just title ; custom ; tribute. 

DQ'iy, ad. in due manner; properly; fitly. 

DQ'ty, n. what one is bound to perform; 
obedience ; service ; tax ; impost ; custom. 

DQ'te-ous, a. obedient; respectful. 

Du'ti-fai, a. obedient; submissive. 

Du'ti-fai-ly, ad. obediently; respectfully. 

Da'ti-fai-ness, n. obedience ; submission. 

Du'el, n. (L. duellum) a combat be- 
tween two.— D. to fight a single combat. 
Du'el-Ier, n. a single combatant. 
DQ'el-ling, n. the custom of fighting duels. 
Du'el-list, n. one who fights in single combat. 
Du-Sl'lo, n. (It.) the rule of duellmg. 

Du-en'na, to. (Sp.) an old woman who 
guards a younger ; a governess. 

Du-et', TO. (L. duo) an air for two 

Dug, TO. (Ic. deggia) the pap of a beast. 
Dug, p. t. and p. p. of dig. 

Duke, TO. (L. duco) one of the highest 
order of nobility ; a prince ; a chief. 

Du'cal, a. pertaining to a duke. 

DQc'at, n. a coin struck by dukes. 

DOfh'ess, n. the lady of a duke. 

Doch'y, n. the territory of a duke. 

DQke'dom, n. tho possessions, title, or 
quality of a duke. 

Dul'5et,a.(L. rfw/m) sweet ;melodiou3, 
Dtil'f i-fy, V. to make sweet. 
Dtll-fi-n-ca'tion, n. the act of sweetening. 
DQl''9i-mer, n. a musical instrument. 
DQl'co-rate, v. to sweeten. 
DDl-co-ra'tion, n. the act of sweetening. 

Dull,a. (S. dot) stupid ; sluggish ; blunt ; 
awkward ; not quick ; sad ; gross ; noi 
bright ; drowsy.— y. to stupify ; to blunt ; to 
sadden ; to damp ; to make heavy ; to sully 

DQl'lard, n. a blockhead.— a. stupid. 

Dul'ler, n. that which makes dull. 

DQl'ly, od. stupidly ; slowly; sluggisTily. 

DOI'nega. fi. gtuniditv: heaYlnsss* bluntsess 

DQirbrained, a.'^stupid ; doltish. ' 

Kate, fat, far, fall ; mc, m6t, thfire, h6r ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, mdve, sAn 




l^fiinjrfiwed, a. having a gloomy look. 
DQlroyed, a. having a downcast look. 
Doirii^ad, n. a blockhead ; a dolt. 
DQU'Dight-ed, a. having weak sight. 

Dumb, (ium, o. (S.) mute ; not able 
to speak ; iiilent.— w. to silenco. 

DDmb'ly, ad. mutely ; silently. 

UQmb'ness, n. Incapacity to speak; silenco. 

DQm fOOnd, r. to make dumb ; to confuse. 

Dump,«. iGer. dumm) sadness; mel- 
ancholy; sorrow; a melancholy tune. 

DQmp'ish, a.8ad; melancholy; dull. 

I)Dmp'ish-ly, ad. in a moping maimer. 

Dilmp'ish-ness, n. sadness ; melancholy. 

Dump'ling, n. a sort of pudding. 

UQmp'y, a. short and thick. 

Dun, a. (S.) a colour partakinc of 

brown and black ; dark ; gloomy. 
Uun nish, a. inclining to a dun colour. 

Oiin, V. (S. dynan) to claim a debt im- 
portunately.— n. an importunate cre<litor. 
Dtin ncr, n. one employed in soliciting debts. 

Dunfp.n. (Ger.rfwns) a dolt; a dullard. 
DQn'fer-y, n. stupidity ; dulness. 
DQn'fi-fy, V. to make a dunce. 

Dung, n. (S.) the excrement of ani 
nials.— «. to void excrement ; to manure. 
}^<Jing'y.a« full of dung; mean; worthless. 
DOng'hIll, n. a heap or accumulation of 

dung — a. sprung fro^m the dungliTuT mean! 
DQng'yard, n. the place of a dunghill. 

Dtin'^eon, n. (Fr. donjon) a close dark 
prison.— V. to shut up as in a dungeon. 

Du'o, n. (L.) a song in two parts. 

DO-o-dCy'i-mo, «. a book in which a sheet is 
folded mto twelve leaves.— a. having twelve 
leaves to a sheet. 

Hu-o-dCc'u-ple, a. consisting of twelves. 

Du-Om'vi-rate, n. government by two. 

Diipo, n. (Fr.) a credulous person; 
one easily tricked — v. to trick ; to deceive. 

Da'ple, a. (L. duo,plico) double. 
Du'pli-cate, v. to double ; to fold.— a. double ; 

twofold.— n. an exact copy; a transcrfnt. 
Du-pli-ca'tion, n. the act of doubling ; a fold. 
Du ph-ca-tQre, n. a fold ; any thing doubled. 
1> vpllp'i-ty, n. doubleness ; deceit. 

L ure, V. (L. dura) to last ; to continue. 
ud ra-ble, a. lasting or continuing long. 
DQ-ra-bll'i-ty, n. the power of lasting. 
Du ra-ble-ness, n. the power of lasting. 
Du ra-bly, ad. in a lasting manner. 
DQ ran9e, n. continuance; imprisonment. 
Du-ra tion, n. continuance ; length of time. 
Du resse, n. imprisonment ; constraint. 
Du^ring, prep, for the time of continuance. 
Uuri-ty, n. hardness; firmness ; harshness. 
Durst, p. t. of dare. 

Dusk, a. (Ger. duster) tending to dark- 
ness ; dark-coloured.— «. tendency to dark- 
ness; darkness of colour. 

DOs'ki-ness, n. incipient darkness. 

DQs losh, a. inclining to darkness. 

pos^kish-ly, ad. darkly; cloudilv. 

if os'kl&h-ness, n. approach to darkness. 

UQs ky, a. tending to darkness ; gloomy. 

Dust, n. (S.) earth or other matte! 
reduced to powder ; earth ; the grave.— w 
to free from dust ; to sprinkle with dust. 

post er, n. that which frees from dust. 

DOst'y, a. filled or covered with dust. 

l)D8t'l-ne8S,n.stateofbeingcovered with dust 
DUst man, n. one who carries away dust. 

Dutyh, n. the people and language ol 

Holland — a. belonging to Holland. 
Dut'chcss. See Duchess. 
Du'ty. See under Duo. 

Dwarf, n. (S. dweorg) a person below 
the usual size.— a. below the usual size — 
V. to hinder from full growth. 

Dwarfish, a. below the natural sijse. 

Dwarf'ish-ness, n. littleness of stature. 

Dwell, V. (Dan. dvceler) to live in a 
place; to reside; to remain: ».(.and».p. 
dwelt or dwelled. * '^ 

Dweil'er, n. one who lives in a place. 

nweU'ing, n. place of residence ; habitation. 

Uweil ing.hOQse,». the house where one lives. 

Dweiring-plSf e, n. a place of residence. 

Dwin'dlo, V. (S. dwinan) to shrink : 
to grow less ; to fall away ; to make less. 

Dye, V. (S. deagan) to tinge ; to colour; 
to staiii.— n. hue ; colouring matter. 

Dye'ing, n. the art of '.-olouring cloth. 

Dy'er, n. one who colours cloth. 

Dy'ing. See under Die. 
Dyho. See Dike, 

Dy-nam'ics, n. (Or. dunamis) the 
science of mechanical powers. 

Dyn'as-ty, n. (Or. dunasten) govern- 
ment ; a race or succession of rulers. • 
Dvs'cra-sy, n. (Gr. dus, krasis) an ill 

habit or state of the humours. 

Dys'en-ter-y, n. (Gr. dus, enteron) 

looseness; bloody flux. 
Dys-en-tCr'ie, a. relating to dysentery. 

Dys'pep-sy, n. (Gr. dus, pepto) diffi. 

culty of digestion ; indigestion. 

Dys'u-ry,TC. (Gr. dus, ouron) difficulty 
m voiding urine. 

Eagh, a. (S. a;lc) either of the two . 
_ every one of any number. 

Ea'gcr, a. (L. acer) ardently desirous ; 

vehement; impetuous; sharp; keen. 
Ea'ger-ly, ad. ardently; keenly. 
Ea'ger-ness, n. ardent desire ; impetuosity, 

Ea'gle, n. (L. aguila) a bird of prey : 
a military standard. * 

fia'glet, n. a young eagle, 
Ea'gle-eycd, a. sharp-sighted as an eagle. 
ija'gle-slght-ed, a. havi- -f quick sight. 
Ea'gle-speed, n. swiftni. .j as of an eagle. 
Eiv'gle-stOne, n. a kind of stone. 

Ea'gre, n. (S. egor) a tide swellina 
above another tide. ^ 

tQbo.tOb.faU; crj.crjpt.mjrrh; t611, b6y, 6jJr, nSw, new ; fede.^em.rai^.efiat.t) 










Ean. See Yoan. 

C!ar,n. K'^.enre) tho organ of hearing; 

tlio power of Judging of harmony. 
Kar'leiis, a. without oara ; (let f. 
Giir'mArk, n. a mark on the air. 
fCar'rIng, n. nn ornament for the ear. 
f^r'shot, n. reach of the car. 
Knr'wftx, n. cerumen of the car. 
Gur'wl;;, n. an insect ; a whisperer, 
f^ir'wlt-ness, n. one who attests what he 

has heard. 

Ear, n. (S.) that part of corn which, 
contains tho seeds. — v. to shoot into ears. 

Ear, 1). (S. cnarO to till ; to plough. 
r;:ir'a-blc, a, that may be ploughed. 
Car'ing, n. a ploughing of land. 

f^arl, n. (S. eorl) a title of nobiHty. 

Karl'dom, n. the dignity of an earl. 

IBarl-ni&r'ghal, n. one of the great ofHeers of 
state, who hau the superintendence of mili- 
tary solemnities. 

fear'ly, a. (S. ar) soon ; being in good 
y time or season. — od. soon ; betimes. 
Ear'li-ness, n. the state of being early. 

]fiarn,«. (S.^amtan) to gain by labour; 
, to obtain ; to deserve ; to merit. 
Earn'ing, n. that which is earned. 

iiIar'ncst,o. iSt-eornest) ardent ; zealous ; 
eager. — n. seriousness ; piedge ; first fruits ; 
^ money given in token of a bargain. 
Kar'nest-ly.arf. warmly; eagerly; sealously. 
Ear'nest-ncss, n. eagerness ; seriousness. 

Earth, n. (S. ^or<A«) the matter which 
composes the globe ; soil ; the ground ; the 
terraqueous globe ; the world. — v. to hide 

^in the earth; to bury; t'' r-over with earth. 

Earth'er, a. made of eart'i or clay. 

£;arth'ling, n. an inha^iiant of the earth. 

]^arth'ly, a. belonging to the earth; not 

y spiritual ; vile ; mean ; carnal. 

Harth'y, a. consisting of earth ; resembling 
earth ; relating to the earth ; gross. 

Earth'i-ness, n. the being earthy ; grossness. 

Earth'bOard, n. the board of a plough that 
turns over the earth. 

EHrth'bOrn, a. born of '.he earth. 

Earth'bftOnd, a. fastened by the earth. 

^arth'bred, a. low ; abject ; grovelling. 

^.arth'cre-at-ed, «. formed of earth. 

Earth'fCd, a. low ; abject. 

IJarth'flax, n, a kind of fibrous fossil, 

Earth'ly-mlnd-ed, a. having a mind devoted 
, to earthly objects. 

E,arth'lv-mlnd-ed-nes9, n. devotedness to 

^ \irthly objects ; grossness; sensuality. 

^ '.rth'nQt, n. a root like a nut. 

Earth'quake, n. a convulsion of the earth. 

]|arth'shak-ing, a. shaking the earth. 

Earth'worm, «. a worm bred under ground ; 
a mean sordid wretch. 

Ease,n, (Fr. atae) quiet; rest; facility. 

—V. to free from pain ; to relieve, 
fiaje'ful, a. quiet ; peaceful. 
Ea^e'less, a. wanting ease; deprived of rest. 
Eajo'ment, n. relief ; convenience. 

Ea'jy, a. notdiflleuU ; quiet ; free from pain 
complying ; free from want ; not formal. 
£a'}l-ly, ad. without difficulty ; readily. 
£a'{i-ness, n. the quality of being easy. 

Ea'sel, C'zl, n. the frame on which % 
painter places his canvass. 

East, n. (S.) the quarter where tin 
sun rises ; the eastern parts of the earth.— 
a. from or towards the rising sun. 

Cast'cr-ling, n. a native of the east 

£ast'er-ly, a, coming from the east ; lying 
towards tho east ; looking ewtward. 

Cast'crn, a. being in the oast ; orientaL 

£ast'ward, ad. towards the east. 

East'er, n. (S.) the festival which com- 
memorates our Saviour's resurrection. 

Eat, V. (S. etaii) to chew and swallow; 

to take food ; to devour ; to consume ; to 

corrode: p. f. ate or eat ; p.p. eat or eaten. 
£at'a-ble, a. that may be eaten.— n. any 

thing that may be eaten. 
Eat'er, n. one that eats ; a corrosive. 
Eat'ing, n. the act of cliewing and swallowing. 
£at'ing-hOQse, n. a house where provisioni 

are sold ready dressed. 

Eave?, n. p/. (S. efese') tho edges of the 

roof of a house. 
Bavej'drOp, r. to listen under windows. 
£ave}'drdp-per, n. an insidious listener. 

Ebb, n. (S. ehhe) the reflux of the 
tide ; decline ; decay.— w. to flow back to- 
wards the sea ; to decline ; to decay. 

£b'bing, n. the reflux of the tide. 

£b'o-ny, n. (Gr. ehenos) a hard black 

wood. — a. made of ebony. 
£b'on, a. made of ebony; dark; black. 

E-bri'e-ty, n. (L. ehr'xut) drunkenness. 
£-bri-Os'i-ty, n. habitual drunkenness. 

E-buirient,a.(L. e, hullio) boiling over. 
E-bQirien-yy, n. a boiling over. 
£b-ul-ll'tion, n. the act of boiling. 

Ec-9en'tric, Ec-^gn'tri-cal, a. (Gr. ek^ 
kentron) deviating from the centre ; not 
having the same centre; irregular; ano- 
malous. — n. a circle not having the same 
centre as another ; that which is irregular 
or anomalous. 

fic-9en-trl9'i-ty, n. deviation from a centre ; 
deviation from what is u.sual ; irregularity. 

Ec-chy-mo'sis, n. (Gr. eAr, cAwo) a livid 

spot m the skin. 
Ec-cle-si-as'tic, Ec-clS-si-Ss'ti-cal, a, 

(Gr. eiiklma) relating to the church. 
Ec-cl6-fi-as'tic, n. a clergyman ; a priest. 
Ec-cle-^i-as'ti-cal-ly, ad. as to tho church. 
Ec-cle-si-as'te;, n. a book of Holy Scripture. 
Ec-cle-^i-as'ti-cus.n.a book of the Apocrypha. 

E-chi'nus, n. (L .) a hedgehog ; a shell- 
fish set with prickles ; a prickly head. 
£ch'i-nate, £ch'i-na-ted, a. set with prickles. 

Ech'o, TO. (Gr.) the reverberation of a 
sound. — send back a sound ; to resound. 

E-clair'cisse-ment, e-clslr'gis-mang, n. 
(Fr.) elpiaimtioD ; tile uct of cicaringuf 
an affair. 

Fate, fat, fur, fill; mS, wet, thCre, hit; pine, pit, field* tr; note, nOt, nOr, mOve, ■*«< 




£-clat', e-eW, n. {Ft.) applause : 
renown I splendour; ihow; lustre. 

Eo-Igc'tio, a. (Gr. ek, lego) selecting ; 
choosing*— ». one of the sect of Bclectlcs. 

E-clTpse', n. (Gr. ek, Icipo) the darken- 
ing of one heavenly body by the shadow of 
another; darkness; obscuration.— v. to 
darken; to obscure. 

Ecllp'tic, n. a circle which marks the sun's 
path in the heavens.— a. described by the 
ecliptic line. 

Ec'lfgue, n. (Gr. ek, lego) a pastoral 

E-c8n'o-my, n. (Gr.oikos,nomos)thntty 
management; frugality; arrangement; 

regulation ; systcmr 
Ec-o-nOm'ic, Ec-o 

. _ , -- -nOm'i-cal, a. pertaining 

to economy; frugal; thrifty, 

Ec-o-nCm'i-cal-ly, ad. with economy. 
Ec-e-nOm'ics, household management. 
i!.-cOn o-ralst, n. a good manager of affairs : 

one who writes on economy. 
E-c6n'o-mlze, r. to use with economy. 

Ec-phrSc'tio, a. (Gr. ek, phratto) dis- 
solving ; removing obstructions. 

Ec'sta-sy, n..(Gr. ek, stasis) excessive 
joy; rapture; enthusiasm; a trance.— v. 
to fill with rapture. 

Ecstat'ic, E>stat'i-cal, a. rapturous. 

ftc'type. 5i. (Gr. ek, tupos) a copy. 
Ec'ty-pal, a. taken from the original. 

£c-u-men'i-cal. See (Ecumenical. 
E-da9'i-ty, n. (L. edo) voracity. 

Ed'dy, n. (S. ed, ea) a contrary cur- 
rent; a whirlpool.— «. whirliiipr; moving 
circularly.— ». to move as an eddy. 

E-dera'a-toso, E-dem'a-tous, a. (Gr. 

oideo) swelling ; dropsical. 
E'den, n. (H.) paradise. 
E'den-lzed, a. admitted into paradise. 

fidge, n. (S. ecg) the cutting part of a 
blade; the border; the brink; keenness. 
~v. to sharpen ; to give an edge ; to bor- 
der ; to incite ; to move sideways. 

Kdpd, p. a. sharp ; keen ; not blunt. 

Bd^'ing, n. a border ; a fringe. 

Kfl^'e'Iess, a. blunt ; obtuse ; not sharp. 

Ed^e'tddl, n. a tool with a sharp edge. 

Ed^'e'wlje, ad. with the edge forward. 

fid'i-ble, a. (L. edo) fit to be eaten. 

E'dict, n. (L. e, dictum) a proclama- 
tion ; a command ; a law. 

Ed'i-fy, «. (L. cedes, facia) to build ; 
^ to instruct ; to improve. 
E-dlf'i-cant, a. building ; constructing, 
bd-i-fl-ca'tion, n. instruction ; improvement, 
wl i-ti-ca-to-ry, a. tending to editication 

ivrt 1-flpe, n. a building ; a structure. 
Ed-i-fi'f ial, a. relating to edifices. 
Ed i-fl-er, n. one wlio edifies. 
E'i^i-fyung, ti. instruction. 
Ed'i.fy.jng-ly, ad. in an instructive manner. 

E'dllo, n. (L. ades) a Boman mads* 
trato who had charge of buildings, &c. 

Ed'it. V. (L. e, do) to superintend tha 
publication of a book ; to publish. 

E-dl tion, n. publication of a book; tha 
whole impression of a book ; repuldiaition. 

1-d l-tor, n. one who superintends tlie publi- 
cation of a literary work. 

Ed-i-tO'ri-al, a. belonging to an editor. 

Ed i-tor-ship, u. the office and duty of m 

E-dOce', V. (L. e, duco) to bring out, 
t.-dQc'tion, n. the act of bringing ont. 
Ed u-cato, i;. to bring up ; to instruct. 
Ed-u-ca'tiop, n. the act of bringing up ; in- 

struction ; formation of manners. 
Ed-u-ca'tion-al, a. pertaining to education. 
Ed u-ca-tor, n. one who instructs youth. 

E-diirco-rate, «. ( L. dulcis) to , . weeten. 
E-dal-co-ra'tion, n. the act of sweetening. 
Eek. SeoEke. 

Eel.n. (S. eel) a serpentine slimy fisfl. 
fif'fa-blo, a. (L. ex, fart) utterablo. 

Ef'-faje', V. (L. ex,facio) to blot out; 
to erase ; to destroy ; to wear away. 

Ef-fect' n. (L. ex, factum) that which 
is produced by a cause ; consequence ; 
event; purpose; completion; reality: vt. 
goods; moveables. 

Sfi^'// "-J^^ i.'","* ^° P''" i *° produce. 
Ef-fec'ter, Ef-frJc'tor, ti. one who effects. 
Bf-fCct'i-bie, a. practicable ; feasible. 
Ef-fec'tive, a. having power to produce t 

operative; active; able; useful. 
Ef.fCc'tive-ly, ad. with efTect ; powerfully, 
liif-feet'less, a. without effect ; useless. 
Ef-fCc'tu-al, a. producing effect. 
Ef-fCc'tu-ai-Iy, ad. in an effectual manner. 
Ef-ffic'tu-ate, V. to bring to pass ; to fulfil. 

Ef-fcm'i-nato, a. (L. ex, femina) wo^ 
manish ; soft ; tender ; voluptuous.—*, to 
make or grow womanish or weak. 

Ef-fem'i-na-9y,n. softness ; unmanly delicacy. 

Ef-fC-m'i-nate^y, ad. softly ; weakly. 

Kf-fCm'i-nate-iiess, n. unmanly softness. 

Ef-fein-i-r;a'tion, »». womanish weakness. 

fif-for-vtsfe', V. (L. ex,ferveo) to be 

in commotion; to bubble ; to work. 
Ef-fer-vCs'fen^e, n. commotion ; bubbling. 
Ef-fer-ve3'9ent, a. gently boiling or bubbling. 

Ef-fcto', a. (L. ex,fetm) barren ; worn 

£f-fi-ca'9ious, a. (L. ex,facio) produo. 

tive of effects ; powerful. 
Ef-fi-ca'?ious-ly, ad. so as to produce effects, 
Ef'ti-ca-9y, n. jiower to produce effects. 
Ef-fT'9ience, Ef-fI'9ion-9y, n. the act M 

power of producing effects ; agency. 
Et-fl'9ient, a. causing effects ; producing.— 

n. an active cause ; one who mnkes. 
Ef-f l'9ient-ly, ad. with effect ; effectively. 

Ef fi-gy, n. (L. ex,fi,ngo) an image ; a 
_ likeness; resemblance; representation. 
Kf-f r^i-ai, a. oxiiiuiling an eiSgy. 

Ef-f I'^-ate,t».bform in semblance; to imagft 

lObe.tOb.fftll; cry.crjfpt.m^frrh;; fede.gera, raife.ejist.tiatt 




Ef-flate', V. (L. ex.flatum) to pufif up. 
Rf-tia'tlon, n. a breath ; a inuUl blast. 

Ef-flo-rgs'conco, ftf-flo-ri<9'9en-yy, n. 

(L. ex, flat) production of flower*; un ex- 

croHcenco; an eruption. 
fif-Ho-rC8'9tint, a. »hooting out llko flowers. 

ftf 'flu-out, fl. (L. r.r,./f«o) flowing out. 
ftrflu-ence, n. that wliich flows out. 
Kf-flQ'vi-um, n. a niinuto prticlu flying off 

from a body; vnpour: pi. cf-HQ'vi-a. 
firflux, n. tlio act of flowing out j eflusion. 
Ef-flax'lon, n. tho act of flowing out. 
Ef-form', V. (L. ex, forma) to fashion. 
£f-for-ma'tlon, n. tho act of fasliionhig. 

fif'fort, n. (L. ex,fortis) a struggle ; 
exertion; strain; endeavour. 

Ef-f8s'fiion, n. (L. ea,,fossum) tbo act 
of digging up. 

Ef-fron'tor-y, n. (L. ex, frons) impu- 
dence ; sbamulcss boldness. 

Ef-f ul?o', V. (L. ex, ful</eo) to send 
forth lustre ; to shlno with splendour. 

Ef-fargenfo, n. lustre ; brightness. 

Bf-fOl'f cnt, a. shining ; bright ; luminous. 

Ef-fumo', V. (L. ex,fumus) to breathe 
or puff out ; to evaporate. 

Ef-fa-ma-bll'l-ty, n. evaporation. 

Ef-fQ?o',«. (L. ex,fusum) to pour out. 
Ef-fQso', 0. dissipated; extravagant. 
Ef-fQ'sion, n. the net of poiirnig out ; a 
shc(lding ; waste ; that whieli is poured out. 
Bf-f a'sive, a. pouring out ; dispersing. 

fift, n. (S. efeta) a newt. 

ftft, ad. (S.) soon ; quickly ; again. 
£ft's06n, ad. soon afterwards. 
E-g^st', V. (L. e, gestum) *o throw out. 
E-fsst'ion, n. the act of throwing out. 

figg, n. (S. ceg) that which \s laid by 
leathered and' some other animals, from 
which their young is produced ; spawn. 

figg, V. (S. eggian) to incite, 
fig'ging, n. incitement, 
figlan-tino, n. {Yr.eglantier) a species 
of rose ; sweet-brier. 

fig'o-ist, n. (L. ego) one who doubts 

every thing but his own existence, 
ftg'o-tum, n. talking much of one's self, 
ftg'o-tist, n. one who talks much of himself, 
fig-o-tlst'i-cal, a. praising one's self. 


eminent ; extraordinary ; enormous. 
B-gre'gi-ous-ly, ad. remarkably ; eminently. 

E'gress, n. (L. e, gressum) tho act or 

power of going out"; departure. 
B-grfis'sion, n. tho act of going out. 

E'gret,n. (Fr. aigrette) a kind of heron. 

E'gri-ot, n, (Fr. aigre) a sort of cherry. 

• El'dor, n. (Sw.) a species of duck. 

DiMn.^^A.Y.n M. the dawn of th6 o>der duck. 

Eight, at, a. (S. (shta) twice four. 

Eighth, a. tho ordinal of cisht. 
KIghth'ly, ad. In tho eighth place. 
Kiglit'OCii, a. eight and ten. 
Eight'COnth, n. tho ordinal orelgntMn. 
Kight'y, a. eight times ten ; fourseoro. 
Kight'i cth, a. tho ordinal of ei(»lity. 
Elglit'fOld, a. eight times tho quantity. 
Eight'scOre, a. eight times twenty. 
Ei'thcr, a. (S. agther) one or tho other, 

one of tho two ; each. — con. or. 
E-jSc'u-lato, «. (h.ejacio) to throw 

out ; to cast ; to shoot ; to dart. 
E-jftc-u-la'tion, n. tho act of throwing out | 

a Hhiirt occasional prayer. 
E-jac'u-la-to-ry, a. throwing out ; sudden. 

E-jcct', V. (L. e,jaclHm) to throw out j 
to east forth ; to expel. 

E-jfic'tion, n. the act of casting out. 

E-jt?ct'ment, n. expulsion ; a writ command- 
ing an Inhabitant or tenant to depart 

ftj-u-la'tion, n. (L.cjulo) outcry ; wail- 
ing; lamentation. 

Eke, V. (S. ecan) to increase ; to supply : 
to protract.- M. an addition.— «»«. also; 
likewise ; moreover. 

E-lab'o-rate, v. (L. e, labor) to pro- 
duce with labour ; to Improve by successive 
operations.— a. flnished with great labour. 

E-lab'o-rate-ly.o'i.with great labour orstudy. 

R-iab'o-rate-ness, n. state of being elaborate. 

E-iab-o-ra'tion, n. the act of elaboratmg. 

E-ianfo', V. (L. e, lancea) to throw out. 
E-lSpse', «. (L. ^, /apsuffj) to glide away. 

E-ias'tio, E-lSs'ti-cal, a. (Gr. elao) 
springing back ; returning to the form from 
which it is bent, pressed, or extended. 

E-las-tTf'i-ty, »i. the property of springing 
back to its original form. 

E-late', a. (L. e, latum) flushed with 
success ; lofty.— V. to puff up ; to elevate. 

E-irit'pd-ly> ml. in a proud manner. 

E-la'tion, w. pride of prosperity. 

fil'bow, n. (S. elboqa) the next joint o! 

the arm below tho "shoulder ; an angle.— ». 

to push with the elbow ; to uit out in angles, 
ftl'bow-chaur, n. a chair with arms. 
fil'bow-rd6m, «. room -to extend the elbows. 

Eld, n. (S.) old ago ; old people, 
fil'der, a. surpassing another in years.— ». 

one more advanced in years ; an ancestor; 

an oflice-bearer in the presbyterian cburclt. 
fil'der-lv, a. bordering upon old age. 
El'der-ship, n. seniority ; office of an elder, 
fil'dest, a. most aged ; oldest. 

El'dcr, n. (S. ellarn) a tree. 

E-lect', V. (L. e, lectum) to choose ; to 
pick out ; to prefer.— a. chosen. _ 

B-lfic'tion, n. the act or power of choosing. 

E-lfic-tion-eCr'ing, »». arts used at an electioiii 

B-lfic'tive, a. bestowed by election. 

E-16c'tive-ly, ad. by choice. 

E-lCc'tor, »». one who has a voto at an elec- 
tion ; the title of certain princes in Germany- 

B-lSc'to-ral, a. Twrtnining to an elector. 

B-16c'tres»,n. the wife or widow of an elcctox 

Pate, fiJt, far, fall; mi, mCt, thCre, h^r; pine, pin, field, fir; nOte. n6t. nOr, m6ve, tin, 





E-lSo'tro, n. (Or. elektron) ambor. 
B-lCc'tric, B-l6c'trl-cal, a. portniniiig toelcc- 

triclty : containing cloctricUy. 
E-lec-trT'flan, n. ono who itudic* cleotrloli .. 
E-lec-trlf'l-ty, n. a property of bodie* which 

causes repulsion and attraction. 
E-lCc'trl-fy, a. to chaiiKo with electricity; to 

give an cl«dfric abock ; to excite widilonly. 
E-lCc-trl-fl-cft'Mon, n. tM act of electrifying. 

E-I2c'tu-a-rf, n. (Gr. ek, leicho) a soft 
compound mtdiclno. 

J£l-oo-mi5?'y-na-ry, a. (Cxr.elccmostme) 
given in charity ; depending on charlty.~ 
•I. ono who lives on chuiity. 

El'o-gant, a. (L. e, lego) choice: 

pleusing ; neat ; beautiful. 

Ero-gaiife, El'o-gan-^y, n. beauty; pro- 
priety; grace; neatnew; synimotry. 

El e-gant-ly, ad. with elegance ; gracefully. 

El'e-^, n. (Gr. elcgeion) a mouniful 

poem ; a funeral song. 

If-e-f I'ac, a. pertalahig to olcgy ; mournfuL 

— n. elegiac verse. 
El-e-gl'ast, El'e-fist, n. a writer of elegies. 

E-lc'^'it, n. (L.) a kind of writ. 

Ere-ment, n. (L. e/ementum) a first or 
constituent principle ; an ingredient ; proper 
state or sphere ; rudiments of IcnowledKC. 
— compound of elements ; to constitute. 

El-e-ment'al, a. pertaining to elements. 

El-e-men tai'i-ty, n. composition. 

El-e-ment'a-ry, a. primary; simple ; uncom- 
pounded i pertaining to elements. 

Ef-e-men-tar'i-ty, n. uncompoundcd state. 

K-lSnch', n. (Gr. elenchos) a sophism. 
E-lCnch'i-cal, a. serving to confute. 

fil'o-phant, n. (Gr. elephas) the largest 

of quadrupeds. 
El-e-philn'tino, a. pertaining to the elephant. 
El-e-phan-tl'a-sis, «. a species of leprosy. 

El'o-Tate, V. (L. e, levis) to raise up : 
to exalt.— a. raised ; exalted. 

El-e-va'tion, n. the act of raising up j exalt- 
ation ; dignity ; height ; altitude. 

E-lev'on, e-lSv'n, a. (S. endlufon) ton 

and one. 
E-lCv'enth, a. the next in order to the tenth. 

Klf, n.(S.) a fairy.— «. to entangle hair. 
Elfin, a. relating to fairies., Elv'ish, a. relating to elves. 
Elf lock, «. a knot of hair twisted. 

E-lT9'it, V. (L. e, lacio) to draw out : 

to strike out— a. brought into act. 
E-119-i-ta'tion, jj. the act of eliciting. 

E-lIde', V. (L. e, Icedo) to cut off. 
E-lI'jjion, n. the act of cutting off. 

£ri-§i-blo, a. (L. e, lego) fit to be 

chosen; worthy of choice ; preferable. 
El-i-^i-bll'i-ty, n. iitness to be choaen. 

E-lim'i-nate, v. (L. e, limen) to put 

outofdobrs; to expel ; to discharge. 
E-llm-i-na'tion, «. the act of R»p(»llmg. 

E-li'sion. See under Elide. 

£-lix-a'tion, n. (L. f, lijto) the set 4 

boiling or seething. 

E-lIx'ir, n. (Ar.) a liquid medicine 1 

relined spirit ; a cordUI. 
Elk, n. (S. eloh) a spocics of stag. 
Ell, n. (S. elne) a measure. 

El-lTp'sis, n. (Gr. ek, leipo) an omii. 

slon ; an oval figure : pi. el-llp'scs. 
El-llp'tic, Ei-llp'ti-cal, a. defectiwi having 

the form of an ellipsis ; oval. 
EMip'ti-cal-ly, ad. with an ellipsis. 

film, n. (S. ellm) a forest tree. 
EI'my, a. abounding with elms. 

£l-o-ca'tion, n. (L. e, locus) a removal) 
a departure. 

fil-o-cQ'tion, n. (L. e, locutum) pro- 
nunciation; utterance; delivery. 
El'o-cQ-tive, a. liaving eloquent expression. 

fil'o-^. See Eulogy. 

E-loigne', e-13Tn', v. (L. e, longus) to 

remove to a distance. 
E-lrtTgn'nto, V. to remove. 
E-laign'ment, »». remoteness ; distance. 

E-l(5n'gate, V. ( L. e,/on(5^7ia) to lengthen ; 

to draw out ; to protract. 
El-on-gi'tion, n. the act of lengthening out. 

E-lOpe', V. (S. hleapan) to run away 

clandestinely ; to escape privately. 
E-10po'uient,»».arunningaway clandestinely. 
E'lops, n. (Gr. ellops) a sea-serpent. 

firo-quenge, n. (L, e, loquor) the art of 

speaking well ; fluent and elegant speech. 
El o-quent, a. having the power of speaking 

with fluency, elegance, and animation. 
Ei o-quent-ly, ad. in an eloquent manner. 

Else, a. (S. elles) other ; one besides. 

— ad. otherwise ; beside ; except. 
Else'whfire, ad. in another place. 

E-la'9i-date, v. (L. e, lux) to make 

clear ; to explain ; to illustrate. 
E-lQ-fi-da'tlon, n. explanation ; exposition. 
B-lQ'fi-da-tor, n. ono who explains. 

£l-uc-ta'tion, n. (L. e, luctor) a burst- 
ing forth; escape. 

E-lude', V. (L. e, ludo) to escape by 

stratagem ; to evade. 
E-Ifi'di-ble, a. that may be eluded. 
B-lQ'ijion, n. escape by artifice ; evasion. 
E-la'sive, a. practising elusion ; deceptive. 
E-lQ'so-ry, a. tending to elude ; deceitful. 

E-liite', V. (L. e, luo) to wash off. 
E-lu'tri-ato, v. to decant ; to strain off. 
E-lQ-trl-a'tion, n. the act of straining oft 

E-ly?'i-um, n. (L.) the place assigned 
by the heathen to happy souls after deaik. 

E-lys'i-an, a. pertaining to Elysium; e>. 
ceedingly delightful ; delieiously soothiuj. 

E-ma'ci-ate, v. (L. e, maceo) to waste; 

to grow I«an ; to pine.— a. wasted. 
E-ma-9i-a'tion, n. the act of making lean. 

lii-mttO'u-lalt>,«. (Xi.e^macuia) to taa« 
out spots ; to make clean. 

«abe,tftb,fftll; cry, crypt, mi^rrh; t01I,b6y,aflr,n6w,newj fcd^ gem, raije, ejlit, ttla 




1^ ' 

&m'a-nate,o. (L.e, mano) to flow from. 
Em'a-nant, a. issuing or flowing from. 
Em-a-na'tion, n. the act of issuing from ; 

that which issues ; an efflux, 
fim'a-na-tive, £m'a-na-to-ry ,a. Issuing from. 

E-mSn'ci-pate, v. (L. e, manus, capio) 

to set free from servitude. 
Rman-fi-p-Vlion, n. the act of setting free. 
E-in.1n'9i-p4-tor, n. one who »ets free. 

E-mSs'cu-late, v. (L. e, mas) to cas- 
trate ; to deprive of virility.— a. unmanned. 
B-wfls-cu-ia'tion, n. castration ; effeminacy. 

Em-balo', v. (Fr. en, balle) to pack ; 

to bind. 

Em-balm', em-bam', v. (Gr. en, balsa- 
mon) to impregnate with aromatics to pre- 
vent putrefaction ; to preserve from decay. 

Em-balm'or, n. one "ho embalms. 

Em-bar', «. (Fr. en, barre) to shut; to 
inclose ; to block up. 

Em-bdr'go, n. (Sp.) a prohibition to 
sail.— V. to prohibit from sailing. 

Em-b4rk', v. (Fr. en, barque) to put or 

go on shipboard ; to engage. 
£m-bar-ka'tion, n. the act of embarking. 

Em-bar'rass, 7). (Fr. embarras) to per- 
plex ; to distress ; to entangle. 
Em-bar'rass- ment, n. perplexity; troub'j. 

Em-base', «. (L. in, basis) to vitiate ; 

to lower ; to deprave ; to degrade. 
Em-base'ment,n.deterioration ; depravation. 

fim'bas-sy,n. (S. ambeht ?) the message 

of an ambassador ; a solemn message. 
Era-bas'sa-dor. See Ambassador. 

Em-bSt'tlo, V. (Fr. en, bataille) to 

range in order of battle. 
Bm-bat'tled, a, furnished with battlements. 

Em-b5y', v. (eti, S. bugan) to inclose 
in a bay; to landlock. 

Em-bed', v. ien, S.bed) to lay as in a bed. 

Em-bellish, v. (L. in, bellus) to adorn; 

to beautify ; to decorate. 
Em-b61'lish-er, n. one who embellishes. 
Em-b6l'lish-ment, n. ornament ; decoration. 

fim'bera, n. pi. (S. eemyrian) hot 
cinders* or ashes. 

fira'ber-wcek, n. a week in which an ember- 
day, or day of humiliatior., falls. 

Em-bSz'zle, v. (Fr. embler) to appro- 
priate by breach of trust. 
Em-bez'zle-ment, n. the act of embezzling. 

Em-bluze', v. (en, S. blase) to adorn 

with glittering embellishments. 
Em-bla'zon, v. to adorn with figures of 

heraldry ; to dock in glaring colours. 
Em-bia'zon-er, n. one who emblazons. 
Em-bla'zon-ry, n, pictures on shields. 

fim'blem, n. (Gr. emblema) enamel; 
ft picture ; a figure ; a representation.— v. 
to represent by similar qualities. 

£m-ble-mat'ic,iim-bie-mat'i-cal, a. compris- 
ing an emblem ; using emblems ; allusive. 

fim-ble-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. by emblems. 

Em-liem'a-tist, n. an inventor of emblema. 
Em-biem'a-tIze, represent by an emblem 

£m'ble-ments,n.p/. (Fr. en,ble) profit* 

arising from lands sown. 
Em-bod'y, v. (en, S. bodig) to form 

into a body ; to incorporate. 
Em-bold'en, v. (en, S. bald) to mak« 

bold ; to encourage, 
fim'bo-lus, n. (Gr. en, ballo) something 

inserted or acting in another, 
fim'bo-lijm, n. insertion of days or year* M 

produce regularity of time ; intercalation. 
Em-bo'som, v. (en, S. bosum) to hold 

in the t)osom ; to inclose ; to surround. 
Em-bSss', V. (Fr. en, bosse) to form 

with protuberances; to engrave with relict 
Em-b6ss'ment, n. a prominence ; raised work. 

Em-boss', V. (Fr. en, bocage) to inclose 
or conceal in a thicket. 

Em-bot'tle, v. (Fr. en, bouteille) to put 
into a bottle ; to confine in a bottle. 

Em-bow', V. (en, S. bugan) to bend ; 
to arch ; to vault. 

Em-bo w'eljW. (Fr.en,boi/au) to take out 
the entrails ; to sink in another substance. 
Em-b6w'el-ler, n. one who embowels. 

Em-bow'er, v. (en, S. bur) to place 
in a bower ; to lodge ; to build. 

Em-brilco', v. 'Gr. en, brachion) to 
hold fondly in the arms ; to seize ardently ; 
to comprehend; to comprise; to take.— 
n. fond pressure in the arms ; clasp. 

Bm-brace'nient, n. clasp ; comprehension. 

Em-bra'fer, n. one who embraces. 

Em-bra'cing, n. fond pressure in the arms. 

Em-bra'9er-y, n. attempt to corrupt a jury. 

Em-bra'suro, n. (Fr.) an aperture for 
cannon | a battlement. 

fim'bro-cate, v. (Gr. en, breclw) to 
moisten and rub a diseased part. 

£m-bro-CH'tlon, n. the act of embrocating | 
the lotion used for embrocating. 

Em-broi'der, v. (Fr. en, broder) to 

adorn with ligured needle-work. 
Em-br6T'der-or, n. one who embroiders. 
EmbrOl'der-y, n. ornamented needle-work, 

Em-broii', v. (Fr. en, brouiller) to dis- 

turb ; to confuse ; to entangle. 
Em-brOU'raent, n. confusion ; disturbance. 

Em-brue'. See Imbrue. 

fim'brv-o, fim'bry-on,7i. (Gr. en, hruo) 
the offspring yet imperfect in the womb j 
the rudiments of any thing unformed.— a. 
yet imperfect or unfinished. 

E-mend', v. (L. e,menda) to correct. 
ftm-eii-da'tion, Ji. correction ; improvement 
ftm'en-da-tor, n. a corrector ; an improver 
E-mCn'da-to-ry, a. contributing correction, 

fira'e-rald, n. (Fr,(?m^raurfe) aprecious 

stone of a green colour. 
E-merge', v. (L. e, mergo) to rise out 

of; to' issue; to proceed. 

Pate, fat, fir, tall; me, mCt, there, hJr; pine, pin. field, fJr; nOtc, nOt, nor, in6v«, lAn 




B-mcr'^'enve, E-mer'pn-fy, n. the act of 

emerging; a sudden occasion. 
B-mer'j'ent, a. rising out of; sudden ; casual; 
E-mir'iion, n. the a^-l of rising out of. 

E-mcr'it-ed, a. (L. e, tr.eritum) having 
done sufficient service. 

fim'er-ods, n. pi. (Gr. haima, rheo) 
hemorrhoids; piles. 

Em'er-y, n. (Fr. emeri) a mineral 
used iu cutting gems and polisijing steeL 

E-met'ic, E-mct'i-cal, a. (Gr. emeo) 

causing to vomit. 
E-mCt'ic, M. a medicino that causes vomiting. 
E-met'i-cal-ly, oJ. so as to cauw vomiting. 

Em-i-ca'tion, n. (L. e, mico) a spark- 
ling ; a flying off in particles. 

E-m!c'tion, n. (L. e, mictum) urino. 

Em'i-grato, w. (L. e, migro) to remove 
^from one's native country. 
Lm'i-grant, n. one who emigrates.— <i. re- 
^ moving from one country to another. 
Lm-i-gra'tion, n. the act of emigrating. 

Em'i-nent, a. (L. emineo) high ; digni- 
^fied; conspicuous; remarkable. 
Ln>'*-nenfe,Em'i-nen-9y,n.loftiness; height; 
summit; fame; distinction ; a title of honour. 
Em'i-nent-ly, ad. highly ; conspicuously. 

E'mir, n. ( Ar.) a title of dignity amone 
the Turks, ^ 

E-mit', V. (L, Cf mitto) to send forth. 
Em'is-sa-ry , n. one sent on a mission ; a spy ; 
a secret agent. — a. looking about ; prying. 
E-m1s'sion, n. the act of sending out. 

Em'met, n. (S. eBmet) an ant ; a pismire. 

Em-mcw', V. (Fr. en,mue) to coop up. 

Em-move', v. (L. in, moveo) to excite. 

E-i»3irient, a. (L. e, mollis) softening. 

— n. a medicine wliich softens. 
Em-ol-ll'tion, n. the act of softening. 

E-mSru-ment, n. (L. e, mola) profit ; 

advantage ; gain. 
E-mfll-u-ment'al, a. yielding profit. 

E-mo'tion, n. (L. e, moluin) a moving 
of the feelings ; passion ; agitation. 

Em-pale', V. (, palus) to fence with 
a pale ; to put to death by fixing on a stake. 
Em-pale'ment, n. the act of empaling. 

Em-pan'nel. See Impanncl. 

Em-park',«. (en, S. joccrroc) to inclose. 

Em-pas'sion. See Impassion. 

£m'pha-sis,n.(Gr.en, pkasis) stress of 
the voice on a word or sentence ; force im- 
pressed by pronunciation: pi. Cm'pha-ses. 

Em-phat'ic, Em-phat'i-cal, a. uttered with 
emphasis ; forcible ; striking. 

Em-phat'i-cal-ly ,o<i. with emphasis ; forcibly. 

Em-phy-se'ma,n. (Gr.) a puffy tumour. 
lOm-phy-sOm'a-tous, a. bloated : piiffud^ 

Em'pire, n. {L.trnperium) the domin- 
ion of an emperor ; supreme power. 

6m per-or, ii. a monarch superior to a kinff. 
Empress, n. the wife of an emperor ji 
female who governs an empire. 

Em-pTr'ic, n. (Gr. en, peirao) a quack. 
Em-plr'ic, Em-plr'i-cal, a. versed in expcri. 

ments ; known only by experience. 
Em-plr'i-cal-ly, ad. by experiment. 
Em-plr'i-fijm, n. dependence on experionca 

without knowledge or art ; quackery, 

Em-plas'ter, v. (Gr. en, plasso) to cover 

with a plaster. 
Em-plas'tic, a. viscous; glutinous ; adhesive. 

Em-ploy', V. (L. in, plico) to keep at 
work ; to exercise ; to use.— n. business : 
occupation ; agency. 

Em-pioy'a-ble, a. that may bo employed. 

Em-ploj'er, n. one who employs. 

Era-plo j'ment, n. business ; occupation. 

E=i-poi'son,em-poi'zn,t). (L. in, polio) 
to destroy by poison ; to taint with poison. 
Em-p6l'jon-er, n. one who poisons. 
Era-poi'jon-ment, n. the act of poisoning. 

Em-po'ri-um, n. (L.) a place of mer- 
chandise ; ii lart. 

Em-pov'er-ish. See Impoverish. 

Em-p6w'cr, v. (Fr. en, pouvoir) to give 
power to; to authorize. 

Em-prl5e',n. (Fr. en, pris) an attempt 
of danger ; an enterprise. 

fimp'tion, n. (L. emptum) the act of 

Emp'ty, a. (S. cemti) containing no- 
thing; void; unfurnished; barren; vain. 
— V. to exhaust; to become empty. 

Emp'ti-er, n. one who empties. 

Emp'ti-neas, n. state of being empty ; want 
of substance; unsatisCictoriness. 

Em-piir'ple, v. (L. in, purpura) to 
make of a purple colour. 

£m-py-c'ma, n. (Gr. en,puon) a col- 
lection of purulent matter. 

Em-pyr'e-al, a. (Gr. en, pur) formed 

of pure fire or light. 
Em-py-re'an, Em-pjr'e-an, a. formed of 

pure fire.— n. the highest heaven. 
Era-pyr'e-um, Em-py-reCi'ma, n. the tasta 

or smell of burnt oils. 
Em-py-reu-mat'ic, fim-py-reu-mSfi-cal, a. 

having the taste or smell of burning. 
Era-pjr'i-cal, a. containing the combustibla 

principle of coal. 
Em-py-rO'sis, n. conflagration ; general fire. 

Em'u-late, v. (L. cemulus) to rival ; to 

strive to equal or excel. 
Em-u-la'tion, n. rivalry ; contest. 
Em'u-Ia-tive, a. inclined to emulation, 
^im'u-la-tor, n. a rival ; a competitor. 
Em'u-la-tress, n. a female rival. 
Em'u-lous, a. desirous to excel ; rivalling. 
Ein'u-lous-ly, ad. with desire of excelling. 

E-murgent, a. (L. e, tnulgeo) milking 
or draining out. 

Ti!-iiiril'«inn . 'ti a unft lim M ..i/t/f;^:^^ 
— — ^ — -**i ....-..»...».-. 

E-munc'to-ry, n. (L. e, munetum) a 
. secretory gland ; a duct 

labe, tOb, m\ ; cry.crjfpt, tafnh ; tOll, bo^^^ 60r, nOw, ne*; yedo, gem, rai|«, e^ist, thin 




E-mus-ca'tion, n. (L. e, muscus) the 1 

act of freeing from mow. 
En-a'blo, V. {en, S. abal) to make able ; 

to empower. 
En-a'ble-ment, n. the act of erabhng. 

En-act', «. (L. in, actum) to perform ; 

to establish by law ; to decree. 
Kn-act'ment,n, the passing of a bill into alaw. 
Bn-ilct'or, », one who enacts. 
En-act'ure, n. purpose ; decree. 

En-aHa-gc, n. (Gr.) a figure making 
some change in the mode of speech. 

En-am^ush, v. (Fr. en, bois) to hide 
in ambush. 

En-Sm'el, w. (¥r. en, email) to inlay; 
to variegate with colours ; to form a glossy 
surface.— «, a substance used in enamelhng ; 
the smooth hard covering of the teeth. 

En-am'el-ler, n. one who enamels. 

En-5ra'el-ling, n- the art of inlaying. 

En-am'our,«. (, amor) to inflame 

with love ; to charm. 
Eu-am-o-ra'do, n. one deeply in love. 

fin-ar ra'tion, n. (L. e, narro) recital; 

explanation ; exposition. 
E-nato', a. (L. e, natiim) growing out. 
En-ca§e', v. (Fr.en, cage) to shut up ; 

to coop up ; to confine. 
En-camp', v. (L. in, campus) to pitch 

tents ; to form an army into a camp. 
En-camp'ment, n. the pitching of tents; a 

En-case', v. (Fr. en, caisse) to inclose 

or hide as in a case. 

En-cSus'tic, a. (Gr. en, kaio) burnt in. 
— n. the art of enamelling. 

En-cave', v. (L. in, cavus) to hide as 
ill a cave. 

—a. with child; pregnant. ^ 

En-chafe', v. (Fr. en, chauffer) to en- 
rage ; to irritate ; to provoke. 

En-9hain', v. (L. in, catena) to fasten 
with a chain ; to bind. 

En-chant', v. (L. in, canium) to act 
upon by sorcery ; to charm ; to delight. 

En-chant'er, n. a magician ; a sorcerer. 

En-chant'ing, p. o. charming ; delightmg. 

Eu-chftnt'ing-ly, ad. in a charming manner. 

En-chant'raont, n. magical charms ; spells ; 
incantation ; irresistible influence ; delight. 

En-yhant'ress, n. a female who enchants. 

En-9b&r§e', v. (Fr. en, charger) to 
give in charge or trust. 

En-chase', v. (Fr. en, caisse) to infix; 
to adorn by embossed work ; to engravj. 

6n-chi-rid'i-on, n. (Gr. en, cheir) a 
little book for the hand ; a manual. 

Eii-yit'cle, V. (L. ill, circus) to sur- 
round; to environ. 
En-(ir'clet, n. a small circle ; a ring. 

Eu-clit'ic,n. (Gr. en, hlino) a particlfl 
which throws back the accent upon tM 
preceding syllable. 

En-clois'ter, v. (L. in, clausum) to 
shut up as in a cloister. 

Eu-clOjo', V. (L. in, clausum) to shut 
in ; to- surround ; to encompass. 

En-clOs'er, n. one who encloses. 

En-clO'sure, n. the act of enclosing; tue 
thing enclosed, or which encloses. 

En-coffin, r. (Gr. en, kophinos) to in- 
close in a coffin. 

En-co'mi-um,7i. (L.) praise ; panegyric. 

En-cO'mi-ast, n. a panegj'rist ; a praiser. 

En-cO-mi-as'tic, En-cO-mi-as'ti-cal, o. con- 
taining praise ; laudatory. 

En-com'pass, v. (L. in, con, passum) 
to inclose ; to surround ; to go round. 

En-c6m'pass-ment, n. act of encompassmg. 

En-core', ang-cor', ad. (Fr.) again.— 
V. to call for repetition. 

En-coun'tor, n. (L. in, contra) a fight; 
a battle; a contest; a meetmg.— v. to 
attack ; to engage ; to fight ; to meet. 

En-coan'ter-er, n. one who encounters. 

En-cour'age, v. (L. in, cor) to give 
courage to ; to animate ; to incite. 

En-coQr'age-ment, »•. incitement ; support. 

En-coOr'a-ger, n. one who encourages. 

En-coQr'a-|ing, p. a. giving hope of success. 

En-crease'. See Increase. 

En-croach', v. ( Fr. en, croc) to intrude ; 
to invade ; to advance by stealth. 

En-crOach'er, n. one who encroaches. 

En-crOa9h'meut, n. unlawful intrusion. 

En-cum'ber, v. {en, D. kommeren) to 

clog ; to load ; to impede. 
En-cara'bran9e,n.clog; load; impediment 


En-cy-clo-pae'di-a.ra. (Gr. en, kuklos^ 
paidda) the circle of the sciences ; a dic- 
tionary of instruction or knowledge. 

En-?J-clo-p8e'di-an, a. embracing the whole 
circle of learning and science. 

En-cy-clo-pa>'dist,n. one who assists in com- 
piling an encyclopaedia. 

En-§yst'ed,a. (Gr.ere, kustis) inclosed 
in a vesicle or bag. 

find, n. (S. ende) conclusion ; termi- 
nation; extremity; limit; death; final 
doom; purpose; design.— y. to terminate ; 
to conclude ; to finish ; to cease ; to die. 

ftnd'ing, n. conclusion ; termination. 

find'less, a. without end ; perpetual. 

£nd'less-ly, ad. incessartly; perpetually. 

find'less-ness.n.endlesstxtension or duration. 

find'16ng, ad. length-ways ; in a line. 

find'wlje, ad. on end ; erectly. 

En-dam'age, v. (L. in, damnum) to in- 
jure; to Harm; to prejudice. 
En-dam'age-ment, n. injury ; loss. 

En-dan'^er, v. (i''r. en, danger) to pn» 
into hazard ; to bring into periL 

Pate, fit, far, fall; mC, m6t. thfire, hSr ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nftt, nor, m6vo, eiai 




KsHlAn'irer-ment, n. hazard : peril. 

En-diJar', v. (m, S. dtfre) to mako 

dear ; to make beloved. 
Kn-dOar'ment, n. cause of love 5 affection. 
En-deav'our, n. (Fr. en, devoir) an 

effort ; an attempt — v. to attempt ; to try. 
Gn-deav'our-er, n. one who endeavours. 

En-dem'ic, En-dcm'i-cal, En-de'mi-al, 
a. (Gr. on, dernos) peculiar to a country. 

En-deiil-zen, v. (W. dinasddyn) to 
make free; to naturalize. 

£u-dlte'. See Indite. 

En-dSrso', v. (L.m, dorsum) to write 
on the back of a bill of exchange ; to assign 
by writing on the back. 

En-dorse'ment, n. the act oif endorsing ; that 
which is written on the back o£a biU. 

fcn-dors cr, n. one who endorses. 

Endow', V. (L. in, dos) to furnish 
with a portion j to settle upon ; to enrich. 

En-dOw'uient, n. the act of settling upon : 
the fund settled ; a gift of nature. 

En-due', v. (L. induo) to supply with ; 
to invest with ; to furnish. 

En-dure', v. (L. in, d^iruf'^ to bear ; 

to sustain ; to last ; to remain. 
Kn-dur'anfe, n. continuance; patience. 
En-dur'er, n. one who endures. 

Eu'e-my, n. (L. in, amicus) a foe : an 

adversary ; an opponent. 

En'er-^, n. (Gr. en, ergon) power; 

force ; vigour ; efficacy ; spirit. 
Ln-er-^et'ic, En-er-^6t'i-cal, a. forcible; 

active; vigorous; powerful; efficacious, 
bn-er-^et'i-cal-ly.od. in an energetic manner. 
K-ner'gic, E-n^r'^i-cal, a. vigorous ; active. 
Ln'er-glze, v. to give energy; to exciteaction. 
Kn'er-^'lz-er, n, one that gives energy. 

E-ner'vato,«. (Ju.e,nervus) to weaken: 

to make feeble.— a. weakened. 
En-er-va'tion, n. the act of weakening. 
E-nerve', v. to weaken ; to render feeble. 

En-fee'ble, v. (Fr. en, foible) to weaken. 

En-feoff', V. (L. in, fides) to invest 

with possession; to surrender. 
Eii-feolrment, n. the act of enfeoffing. 

j£n-fi-lade',n. iL. in, Jilum) a straight 
passage.— 1>. to pierce in a straight line. 

En-for5e',«.(L.m,/or/ts) to strengthen : 
to urge with energy ; to put in execution. 

En-fOr'9ed-ly, ad. by violence. 

En-forfe'ment, n. the act of enforcing ; com- 
pulsion; sanction; any thing whichcompels. 

En-fOr'9cr, n. one who enforces. 

En-fran'9hise, v. (Fr, en, frcnc) to 
make free ; to admit to the privik 'es of a 
freeman; to liberate; to naturalize. 

En-fran'^hise-ment.ji.the act of making free; 
admission to the privileges of a freeman. 

F.n.ffncro' •< /ft'tt m, ^^,.^..\ A„ i.;_ J . 

to enlist ; to embark ; to gain ; to attack ; 
to employ ; to encounter. 

En-ga'ged-ly, aj. with attachment 
En-ga|:e'ment, n. the act of engaging ; obU 

gation; employment; fight; conflict. 
En-ga'^er, n. one who engages. 
En-ga'^ing,j>. a. winning; attractive. 
En-ga'^ing-ly, ad. in a winning manner. 
En-pol', en-jal', r, {Fr . en, geole) ts 

imprison ; to confine. 

En-garland, v. (Fr, en, guirlande'* to 
encircle v/ith a garland. 

En-gSr'ri-son, v. (Fr. enyoarnison) to 

protect by a garrison. 

Fn-^en'der, v. (L. in, genus) to beget J 

to produce ; to cause. 
En-^en'der-er, n. one who engenders. 

En-gild', V. (en, S. gild) to brighten: 
to illuminate. 

En'^ine, n. (L. ingenium) a machine. 

En-^i-neCr', n.onewho constructsormanages 
engines ; one who directs artillery. 

En-^i-ncer'ing, n. the art of an engineer. 

En'pne-ry, n. the act of managing engines ; 
artillery; machination; device. 

En-gird', v. {en, S. gyrdan) to en- 
circle ; to encompass ; to surround. 

Eng'lish, inglish, a. belonging to Eng- 
tond.— n.the people or language oTEngland. 

En-glut', t>. {,glutio) to swallow; 
tctiU; to pamper; to glut. 

En-gor|e',v. (Fr. en,gorge) to swallow; 
to devour ; to gorge. 

En-graft'. See Ingraft. 

En-grain', v. (S. ge^-egnian) to dye in 
grain ; to dye deep. 

En-gravo', v. (Gr. en, grapho) to cut 
figures on metals, wood, or stone ; to im- 
pressdeeply : 2)-p. en-graved' or en-graven'. 

EL-grave'ment, h. the work of an engraver. 

En-grav'er, n. one who engraves. 

En-grav'ing, n. the art of cutting on metals, 
wood, or stone ; the picture engraved. 

En-grieve', v. (L. in, gravis) to vex. 

En-gross', v. (L. in, crassus) to in- 
crease in bulk ; to seize in the gross : to 
take the whole ; to copy in a large hand. 

En-grOas'er, n. one who engrosses. 

En-grOss'ment, «. the act of engrossing. 

En-gulf, V. (Gr. en, kolpos) to throw 
into a gulf; to swallow up ; to absorb. 

En-han9e', v. (Fr. en, hansseri) to 

raise ; to advance ; to increase. 
En-hance'ment, n. Increase ; aggravation. 
En-han'9er, n. one who enhances. 

j£n-har-m5n'ic, «. (Gr. en, harmonia) 
that proceeds by very small intervals. 

E-nig'ma, n. (Gr. ainigma) a riddle, 
„ an obscure question. 
Eu-ig-mafic, Eii-ig-mat'i-cai, a. obscure. 
En-ig-mat'l-cal-ly, ad. obscurely. 
E-nlg'ma-tist, n. one who deals in enignuut. 

tObe, tfib, ffill J cry, cr Jpt, m^rh ; tflll, Wy, Ottr, nOV/, now ; ?ede, gem, rai|e, efist, this 




Eii-j8m', V. (L. in,jungo) to direct; 

to order ; to prescribe. 
En-jOln'ment, n. direction ; commana. 

En-joy', V. (Fr. en, joie) to feel or 

perceive with pleasure ; to delight in. 
En-j6y'a-ble, a. that may be enjoyed. 
En-jOJ'er, «. one who enioys. 
En-J0y'ment,n.plea3iire ; happiness ; fruition. 

En-kin'dle, v. (L. in, candeo \) to set 
on fire ; to inflame. 

En-lard', v. (, lardum) to grease; 
to baste 

En-large', v. (L. in, largus) to make 
greater ; to increase ; to extend ; to am- 
plify ; to dilate ; to expatiate ; to set free. 

En-lar'ged-ly, ad. in an enlarged manner. 

En-large'ment, n. increase ; augmentation ) 
expansion ; release ; copious discourse. 

En-lar'ger, n. one who enlarges. 

En-lar'jing, n. the act of making greater. 

En-light', en-llt', v. (S. on, lihtan) to 
supply with liglit ; to illuminate. 

En-llght'en, v. to supply with light ; to illu- 
minate ; to instruct ; to cheer. 

En-llght'en-er, n. one who enlightens. 

En-lmk',«. (Ger. gelenk) to chain to. 

En-list', V. (r. •. en, liste) to enrol ; to 

register ; to engage in public service. 
En-»st'mcnt, n. the act of enlisting. 

alive ; to animate ; to excite ; to gladden. 
Bn-lI'ven-er, n. one that enlivens. 

En-mesh', v. (en, Ger. masche) to en- 
trap ; to entangle. 

fin'mi-ty, n. (L. in, amicus) unfriendly 
disposition ; liatred ; malice. 

En-no'ble, v. (L. t/i, nohilis) to make 

noble ; to dignify ; to exalt. 
Bu-nO'ble-ment, n. the act of ennobling. 

Enn'ui, an'we, n< (Ft.) weariness ; las- 
situde ; disgust. 

£n-o-da'tion, n. (L. e, tiodns) the act 
of untying a knot. 

E-nfir'mous, a. (L. e, norma) beyond 
rule or measure ; excessive; very wicked. 

E-nor'mi-ty, n. depravity ; atrocious crime. 

B-nor*. <0U8-ly, ad. beyond measure. 

E-nOr'mous-ness, n. the being enormous. 

E-nough', e-niif, a. (S. genog) that 
satisfies desire ; sufficient.— od. in a sufti- 
cient degree.— «. a sufficiency. 

E-nOw', a. the old plural oferwugh. 

E-nounce', «. (L. e, nitncio) to declare. 
E-ntSn'fi-ate, v. to declare ; to express. 
E-nun-fi-a'tion.n. declaration ; expression; 

manner of utterOince ; intelligence. 
E-nQn'fi-a-tive, a. declarative ; expressive. 

En-quIre'. See Inquire. 

F.n=r3jrs'. ?«. ( Fr. en^ raoe) to irritato. 

En-rfiak', v. (Fr. en, rang) to place in 
rauks or order. 

En-rap'ture, v. (L. in, raptum) to 
transport with pleasure ; to dalight highly. 
En-rapt', a. thrown into an ecstasy. 

En-rav'isli, v. (Fr. en, ravir) to throw 

into ecstasy ; to transport with delight. 
En-rav'ish-ment, n. ecstasy of delight. 

En-riyh', v. (en, S. ric) to make rich ; 

to fertilize ; to store ; to supply. 
En-rl9h'ment, n. the act of making rich. 

En-ridge', v. {en, S. rig) to form into 

En-ring', V. (.en, S. 7*rm.(7) tobind round. 

En-robe', v. (Fr. en, robe) to dress ; to 

En-rol', V. (Fr. en, role) to insert in a 

roll or register ; to record. 
En-ri5l'ment,n.tho act of enrolling ; a register. 


En-round', v. (L. in, rotundus) to en 

En-sam'plo,n. (L.ej'effijo/Mm) a pattern 

En-san'guined, p. a. (L. in, sanguis) 
stained or covered with blood. 

En-sched'ule, en-shSd'ule, v. (Gr. en, 
schede) to insert in a schedule. 

En-scongs', v. (en, Ger. schanxe) to 
cover as with a fort ; to secure. 

En-seal', v. (L. in, sigillum) to impress. 

En-seam', v. (en, S. seam) to sew up. 

En-sear', V. (en,S.searian) to cauterize. 

En-sem'ble, ang-sam'blo, n. (Fr.) all 
the parts taken together. 

En-shield', v. (en, S. scyld) to cover; 
to protect. 

En-shrlne', x\ (en, S. serin) to preserve 
as sacred. 

En-shroiid', v. (en, S. scrud) to clothe; 
to invest ; to shelter. 

En'sign, en'sin, n. (L. in, signum) the 
flag or standard of a regiment ; the officer 
who carries a standard ; a badge. 

fin'sign-cy, n. the office of an ensign. 

fin'sign-bear-er, n. one who carries a flag. 

En-slave', v. (en, Ger. sclave) to re- 
duce to slavery ; to deprive of liberty. 
En-slave'raent, n. servitude ; slavery. 
En-slav'er, n. one who enslaves. 

En-snare', v. (en, Dan. snare) to en- 
trap ; to allure ; to take by guile. 
En-snar'er, n. one who ensnares. 

En-so'ber, v. (L. in, sobrius) to maka 
sober ; to compose. 

Eu-sphero', v. (Gr. en, sphaira) t« 
place in a sphere ; to make round. 

En-stSmp', v. (en, D. stampen) to im- 
press as with a stamp. 

En-sue', v. (L. in, scquor) to follow. 

Pai«, at, fdr, fall: mf, met. th^re, her; pine, pin, field, fir ; nOte, n<it, nor, niOve, ado 




En-sQre', v. (L. in, securus) to mako 
ccrtnin or secure. Bco Insure. 

Kn-swCep' V. {en, S. swapan) to pass 
over rapidly. 

En-t&bla-ture, n. (L. in, lahula) tho 
architrave, friese, and cornice of a pillar. 

En-tail', V. {Ft. en, tailler) to settle 
the succession of an estate so that it cannot 
be bequeathed at pleasure.— n. an entailed 
estate ; the rule that limits the succession. 

En-tame', v. {en, S. tamian) to make 
tcme; to subdue. 

En-tSn'gle, v. {on, S. tang\) to in- 

volve ; to twist ; to confuae ; to perplex. 
En-tan'gle-ment, n. involution ; perplexity. 

En-t2n'(ier, v. (L. in, tener) to mako 
tender; to mollify. 

En'ter, v. (L. intrd) to go or come 
into ; to initiate ; to set down in writing. 

Rn'ter-er, n. one who enters. 

Ln'ter-lns, r. passage into a place. 

fin'tran^e, n. the act of entering ; the paas- 
age for entering ; initiation. 

En'try, n. passage ; the act of entrance ; the 
9Ct of setting down in writing ; beginning. 

Siutuaftalk; conference. 

fin'ter-prljOj n. (L. inter. Ft, pris) 
an undertakmg of hazard ; an arduous at- 
tempt.— V. to undertake ; to attempt. 

En'ter-prl|-er, n. a man of enterprise. 

£n'ter-prl|-ing, p. a. adventurous ; bold. 

En-ter-tain',t>. {h.inter, ieneo) to treat 
with hospitality ; to keep ; to hold in the 
mind; to amuse; to divert. 

Rn-ter-tain'er, n. one who entertains. 

En-ter-tain'ing, p. eu amusing ; diverting. 

Fn-ter-tain'ing-ly, ad. so as to amuse. 

En-ter-tain'ment, n. hospitable treatment ; 
a feast ; amusement ; diversion. 

En-thral'. See Inthral. 

En-thril', v. {en, S. thirlian) to pierce; 
to penetrate. 

En-throhe', v. (L. tK, thronus) to place 
on a throne. 

En-ttiu'si-ajm, n. (Gr. en, theos) heat 

of imagination ; ardent zeal. 
En-th D 'iji-ast , j». one of a heated imagination, 

elevated fancy, or ardent zeal. 
En-thu-ji-as'tic.En-thQ-ji-as'ti-calia. having 

enthusiasm ; ardpptly zealous. 
Gn-thQ-ji-as'ti-cal-ly, ad. with enthusiasm. 

fin'thy-meme, «. (Gr. en, thumos) a 
sjilogism of which one of the premises Is 

En-ti^e', «. {S.tihtan\) to allure; to 

attract ; to tempt ; to incite. 
En-tlce'ment, n. allurement ; blandishment. 
En-tl 9er, n. one who allures to ill. 
En-tl'ying, n. the act of alluring to ill. 
En-tl'ying-ly, ad. in an alluring manner. 

En-tire', a. (L. inteaer) whole : undi- 
vided; compiete; fuii. 
Bp-tlre'ly, ad. in wJiole; completely; fully. 

En-tlrCnoss, n. completeness ; fulnett. 
En-tlro'ty, n. completeness; the whole. 

En-tl'tle, V. (L. in, titulus) to give a 
title or right to ; to dignify with a title. 

fen'ti ty,n. (L. ens) being; existence. 

En-toTl', V. (L. in, tela) to ensnare. 

En-tomb', en-tom', v. (Gr. en, iumbos) 

to put into a tomb ; to bury. 
En-tdmb'mcnt, n. burial. 

fin-to-mSl'o-gy, n. (Gr. enlona, Icgvs) 

the natural histoiy of insects. 
En-t6r-ti-la'tion, n. (L. in, tortum) a 

turning into a circle or round figure. 

fin'trail J, n. pi. (Gi . entera)ihe bowels 
£n'tran9e. See under Enter. 

En-trSnge', v. (Fr. en, transe) to put 

into a trance ; to put into ecstasy. 

En-trap', v. {en, S. treppe) to catch 
in a trap ; to ensnare. 

En-treat', v. (L. in, tractum) to beg 

earnestly ; to beseech ; to use. 
En-trC-at'er, n. one who entreats. 
En-treat'ive, a. pleading ; treating. 
En-tf eat'y, n. petition ; prayer ; request. 

En'tre-mets, ang'tre-ma, «. (Fr.) small 
dishes set between the principal ones at table. 

En'tre-pot, ang'tre-pOj n. (Fr.) a ma- 

gaiine ; a warehouse. 

fin'try. See under Enter. 

En-twine', v. {en, S. twinan) to twin^ 
cr wreath round. 

En-twTst', V. {en, D. twisten) to twist 
or wreath round. 

E-nu'cle-ate, v. (L. e, nucleus) to 
clear ; to explain ; td solve. 

E-nQ'mer-ate, v. (L. e, numerus) to 

reckon up singly ; to number. 
E-nQ-mer-a'tion, n. the act of numbering. 
B-na'mer-a-tive,o. reckoning up; counting. 

E-nun'9i-ato. See under Enounce. 

En-vel'op, v. (Fr. envelopper) to in- 

wrap ; to cover ; to hide ; to surround. 
En've-lope, ang've-lOp, n. a cover ; a wrapper. 
En-v6rop-ment,n.perplexity ; entanglement. 

En-ven'om,w. (L. in, venenum) to taint 
with poison ; to po/son ; to enrage. 

En-ver'meil, v. (Fr. en, vermeil) to 
dye red. 

fln-Tl'ron, v. (Fr. en, virer) to sur- 
round ; to encompass ; to invest. 
En.vl'ronj, n. pi. places adjacent. 

fin'voy, n. (Fr. envope) a public 

minister sent from one power to another. 
En'voy-ship, n. the office of an envoy. 

fin'vy, V. (L. in. video) to hate another 
for excellence, happiness, or success; to 
ffriflyfi nt nnothcr 5 sQod I to srud'^Si— ?ii 
pain or vexation at another's good. ^ 

En'vi-a-ble, a. exciting envy ; desirable. 

tube, fib, full; cry, crjpti mjrrh j tOtl, MJ, OOr, nOw, new; jede, jfem, raijo, Cjist, thio. 





!in'Ti-er, n. one who envies. 
jii'Ti-ous, o. fuU of envy ; malicloui. 
jn'vi-oiis-ly, ad. with envy. 
,n'vy-ing, n. Ill will j niafice. 

£n-whCel|u.(en,S.AM;eo/) to encompass. 

En-womb', on-w6m', v. (en, S. wamb) 
to make pregnant ; to bury ; to bide. 

En-wrap', en-rSp', v. (.en, wrap) to 

Involve. See Inwrap. 
En-wrap'ment, n. a covering ; a wrapper. 

E-Sl'ic, a. pertaining to jEoHa. 

E-Oli-an, a. pertaining to JEolus. or 
the winds. 

E-Sri-pllo, n. (L. ^oius, pila) a hollow 
ball with a pipe. 

E'pact, ». (Gr. epL ago) the excess of 
the solar month and year above the lunar. 

fip-aj-n?l'ic, a. (Gr. epi, ainos) lauda- 
tory; bestowing praise. 

ftn'au-lgt, n. (Fr. epaule) a shoulder- 
knot ; an ornamf nf for the shoulder. 

E'pha, n. (H.) a Hebrew measure. 

E-phSm'e-ra, n. (Gr. epi, hemera) an 
insect that lives only a dny. 

E-pliCm'e-ral , E-phCm'e-r i \ ', ^ beginning and 
ending in a day ; short-li.ed. 

E-phCm'e-ris, n. an account of the daily mo- 
tions and situations of the heavenly bodies : 
pi. Cph-e-mer'i-dCj. 

E-phCm'e-rist, who consults the planets. 

fiph-i-Sl'tes, n. (Gr.) the nightmare. 

fiph'od, n. (H.) an ornament worn by 
the Jewish priests. 

iiJp'iojO. (Gr. epos) narrative ; heroic. 
— ». an epic poem. 

fip'i-gede, n. (Gr. ^i, hedos) a funeral 

song or discourse. 
Ep-i-90'di-an, a. elegiac j mournful. 

jSp'i-gene, a. (Gr. epi, koinos) common 
to both sexes ; of both kinds. 

Ep'i-cure, n. (L. Epicurus) one given 

10 the luxuries of the table. 
Ep-i-cu-rO'an , n. one of the sect of Epicurus. 

—a. pertaining to Epicurus; luxurious. 
Ep'i-cu-rijm, n. luxury; sensual enjoyment ; 

the doctrine of Epicurus. 
Ep'i-cu-rl/e, v. to indulge like an epicure ; 

to profess the doctrines of Epicurus. 

£p'i-9y-clo, n. (Gr. epi, kuklos) a little 
circle whoso centre is m the circumference 
of a greater. 

JBp-i-dem'ic, ftp-i-dem'ical, a. (Gr. 

epi, demos) affecting great numbers : gen^ 

erally prevailing. 
Sp-i-d6m'ic, n. a disease getierally prevailing, 

fcp'i-grSm, n. (Gr. epi, grainma) a 
short poem ending with a wittv thought. 

£p i-gram-mftt'ie, £p-i-grani->".At'i-cal, a. 
belonging to epigrams ; like an epigram ; 

^concise; pointed. 

&3P-i-grairt'uia-t!Si, ». a wf iie? of epigrams. 




fip'i-lcp-sy, 71. (Gr, epi, lepsit) 

falling sickness. 
Ep-i-lep'tic, fip-i-lCp'ti-cal, a. affected with 
epilepsy; pertaining to epilepsy. 

E-pil'o-^fjm, n. (Gr. epi, logos) com- 
putation ; enumeration. 

fip'i-logue, n. (Gr. epi,logos) the poem 
^or speeqh at the end of a play. 
lip-i-lo-^Is'tic, a. of the nature of an epilogue. 
E-pJl'o-glze, fip'i-lo-gulze, v. to pronounci 
an epilogue. 

E-piph'a-ny, n. (Gr. epi, phaino) a 
festival hold on the 12th day after Christ- 
mas, in commemoration of our Saviour's 
being manifested by the star which con- 
ducted the Magi to Bethleliem. 

E-piph-o-nC'ma, n. (Gr. epi, phone) 
an exclamatory sentence. 

E-piph'y-sis, n. (Gr. epi, phuo) ac- 
cretion ; tlio part added by accretion. 

E-pi3'co-pa-9y, »• (Gr. epi, skopeo) 

government by bishops. 
E-pls'co-pal, a. belonging to a bishop. 
E pts'co-pal-iy, ad. by episcopal authority. 
E-pls-co-pa'li-an, a. belonging to episcopacy. 

— n. an adlicrcnt of episcopacy. 
E-pts'co-pate, n. the oitice of a bishop. 
E-pIs'co-py, n. survey ; euperintendenco. 

fip'i-sodo, n. (Gr. epi, eis, hodos) an 
incidental narrative ; a digression. 

Ep-i-sOd'ic, Ep-i-sOd'i-eal, a. contained in 
an episode ; pertaining to an episode. 

Ep-i-sOd'i-cal-ly, ad. by way of episode. 

E-pis'tle, e-pis'sl, n. (Gr. epi, stello) a 

letter ; a writing sent. 
E-pls'tltr, n. a writer of letters. 
E-pls'to-la-ry, a. relating to an epistle. 
Ep-i-8t61'i-cal,a. havingthe form of an epistle. 
E-pls'to-lIze, V. to write letters. 

jfip'i-style, n. (Gr. epi, siulos) an 

Ep'i-tSph, n. (Gr. epi, taphos) an iu- 

scription on a tomb. 
Ep-i-taph'i-an, a. pertaining to an epitaph. 

E-pit'a-sis, n. (Gr.) the progress oi 
the plot in a play or poem. 

fip-i-tha-la'mi-um, n, (Gr. epi, thah' 
mos) a nuptial poem or song. 

fip'i-them, n. (Gr. epi, tithemi) a fo- 
mentation or poultice. 

fip'i-thet, n. (Gr. epi, thetos) an ad. 
Jective denoting a quality. 

E-pit'o-me, n. (Gr. epi, temno) an 

aorldgmcnt ; a compendium. 
E-ptt'o-mist, B-pU'o-mlz-er, n. an abrldger, 
E-pIf o-mize, v, to abridge ; to reduce. 

. ^p'och, E'poch, n. (Gr, epi, echo) a 
'• f time or period from which fortes are num- 
bered ; any pxed time or ;)r'iod. 

En'ode, n. (Gr. epi, ode) the stanza 
following the strophe an'', antistrophe. 

£p-o-pee', n. (Gr. 
or heroic poem. 

'!pos, poieo) an epia 

fato, fat, f4i, fill ; me, met, there, hir ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, -.Hi, r.Or, mOve, sou. 



fip-u-la'tion, n. (L. epulum) a feast. 

fip-ti-lot'ic, a. (Gr. epi, oulos) cica- 
trizing.—n. a cicatrizing medicament. 

E'qiial, a. (L. aqjins) having the same 
extent, bulk, qmilitlcg, decree, or value • 
even; uniform; just; adequate.— n. one 
of the same age. rank, or merit.-v. to 
make equal ; to be equal to. 

f5 ^V-^H^Jw '"'""' '° """'f ! «ven ; uniform. 
L-qua-bll'i-ty, n. evenness ; uniformity. 
v. qua-bly, ad. uniformly; evenlv. 
K-quiil'i-ty, n. likeness; uniformity. 

fe ^'.'.o '•'^®A,V; '° ""•'« ^l""*' ' to make even, 
h-qual-i-za'tion, n. state of equality, 
ij- qua -ly, ad. in the same dcpree ; uniformly 
t qual-ness, n. the state of being equal. 

"tlnn "f""'*"- * '"^'^'"^ «"liial ; tiie reduc. 
F m.v?^^*'''^™''* *" a "lean proportion. 
X "^!„'*- ? '^^'»* "'""cle pajising round 
the middle of the globe, at an equal dis- 
tance from the two polos. 
K-qua-tO'ri-al, a. pertaining to th^ enuatnr 
fc'qutto?'"'''"' "''• *"»,Tonhe 
ftq;ui-tyn, Justice; right; impartiality, 
hq u.-ta-b 0, a. just; right; impartial, 
];.q u -ta-ble-ness, n. iustness ; impartiality. 
E(i'ui-ta-bly, ad. justly ; impartiaiir 
Jji-qua-ntm'i-ty, n. evenness of min'd 


ij-qui-form'i-ty, n. uniform equality. 
K-qui-Iftt er-al, a. having the sides equal. 
Ivqui-li'brate, v. to balance equally. 
Ivqui- i-bra'tion, ». even balance ; equipoise. 
I^-qui.llb'n-ous, a. equally poised. 
fe-1"i-,i!'>''>-ous-ly, ad. in equipoise. 
*i-qull i-bnst, n. one that balances equally. 
K-qui-llb'n-um, n. equality of weiglit. 
1. qui-nOx, n. the time when the davs and 

n'Af%^^^^^' ^'"'"* ^^^ 2l3t of "March 
and 2ad of September. 

Equi-iiOc'tial, a. pertaining to the equinox, 
-n. the great circle in the heavens corres- 
ponding to the equator on the earth. 

li-qui-nflc'tial-ly, ad. in the direction of the 

l.-qui.pdn den-fy, n. a hanging in equipoise. 
E qm-piMse, n. equality of weight or force, 
li-qui-poi'lenfe, E-qui-pOl'len-cy, n. equality 

of force or power. i- ■» j 

E-q!u-p6l'Ient, a. having equal force or power. 
E-qui-pol'iont-ly, ad. of the same force. 
Ji-qui-pOn der-ance, n. equality of weight. 
J^-qui-pfln'der-ant, a. equal in weight. 
E-qui-pOn'der-ate, v. to be of equal weight, 
tj-qulv a-len9e, n. equality of power or worth. 
Ji-qulv a-lent, a. equal in value, merit, or 

power.— n, a thing of the same value. 
*j-(julv a-lent-ly, ad. In an equal manner. 
K-quTv o-cal, a. doubtful ; ambiguous. 
Jv quly o-eal-ly,ad. doubtfully; ambiguously. 
E-quly o-cal-ness, n. double meaning, 
ii-qulv'o-cate, i-. to use words of double 

meaning ; to speak ambiguously. 
»-.*^"J)^/"°"5l^'"-°°'."- ambiguity of speech. 

qm-voke, L'qui-vOque, n. a quibble. 

, mOvei g('>a< 

an officer who has saro of horsei. 
E-ques'tri-an, a. (L. eguus) portainina 
to horses or horsemanship. * 

E-quip', V. (Fr. equiper) to fit oi t. 
I Eq ui-pape, 7). the furniture of a horseman; 
; furniture; attendance; retinue. 
1 E-quip'inent, n. the act of equippiiw: fur- 
niture; accoutrement. t'*'"*' •"» 

E'ra, 72. (L. tsra) a point or period of 
time ; an epoch. i v v* 

E-ra'di-ate, v. (L. «, rarftiM'j to shoot 

like a ray ; to beam. 
E-ra-di-a'tion, n. emission of radiance. 

E-rSd'i-cate, v. (L. e, radix) to pull up 
by the root ; to extirpate. *^ 

J;i-rad-i-ca'tion, ». the act of eradicating, 
i^-rad'i-ca-tive, a. that eradicates. 

E-raje', «. (L. ^, rcwttm) to rub or 

scrape out ; to obliterate ; to ettace. 
:fc;-r5'jure, n. the act of erasing, 
^--rajion,**, the act of erasing; obliteration. 

Ere, ad. {S. ar) before ; sooner than. 
^ —prep, before. 

ferc-lOng', ad. before long. 

Ere-nOw', ad. before this time. 

Ere-while', ad. some time ago. 

E-rgct', y. (L. e, rectum) to place up- 
right; to raise; to build; to exalt.-^ 
P r^pi'Jlf L^'^'^'^VP^ards; bold; intenf. 
E-rected,p.a aspinng; generous; nobia 
E-rdc'tion, n. the act of raising ; a buUding. 
E-rCct'ness, n. uprightness of pasture. * 
ii--rec'tor, n. one that erects. 

ftr'e-mite, n. (Gr. eremos) a hermit 

B;^^"™',^^?®',"' *^^ residence of a hermit 
Er-e-mlt'i-cal, a. solitary; secluded. 

Er'go, ad. (L.) therfiore. 
Er'go-tijm, n. a logical inference. 

E-ris'tic, E-ris'ti-cal, a. (Gr. e^ts) 
controversial. ' ' 

fir'mine, n. (Fr. hennine) a spccns ol 
V animal ; the fur of the ermine. 
Er'mmed, a. clothed with ermine. 

E-rode', v. (L. e, rodo) to eat away, 
ii-ro ^lon, iu the act of eating away ; canier. 

fir'o-gate, v. (L. e, rogo) to bestow. ' 
ii.r-0-ga'tion, n. the act of bestowing. 

E-rot'ic, E-rot'i-cal, a. (Gr. eros) re- 
lating to love. 

Err, V. (L. erro) to wander : to miss 
the way ; to stray ; to mistake. 

Er^ra-ble-ness, n. liableness to err. 

E: rant, a. wandering ; roving ; vile ; bad. 

Erran-try, n. an errant state. 

Er-rat'ic, Er-rat'i-cal, a. wandering: irre- 
gular; uncertain. 

Er-rat'i-cal-ly, ad. without rule or order, 

Er-ra turn, n. an error in writing or printina ■ 
pi. cr-ra'ta. 

Er'ror. n. a mistake : .i hlnnder ? a gin. 

Kr-rone-oMs, a. mistaken ; wrong ; false. 

Er-rO'ne-ous-ly, ad. by mistake; not rightly. 

Ittbe, tab, full; cr?, crypt, au^rrh; toll, boy, otir.iia*, Hew; pede, g«m, raije, ejist, thia 




Br-rO'ne-ous-ncss, n. itate of l>cing crroneoug. 

Br'rand, n. (S. arend) a message. 

Er'rhlne, n. (Gr. en, rhin) a medicine 
for Uie noso ; medicinal snuff. 

Erse, n, the language of the Scotch 

hrst,ad. (S.tareai) first ; at first ; once : 

-formerly; till now. 

Ersfwhllo, ad. till then or now ; formerly. 

E-ruc'tate, ?;. (L. e, rucio) to belch. 
K-ruc-ta'tion, n. the act of belching. 

ftr'u-dlte, a. (L. e, rudis) learned. 
Er-ii-dl'tion, n. learning; knowledge. 

E-rQ'^-nous, a. (L. arugo) of the 
substance or nature of copper. 

E-rup'tion, n. (L. e, ruptum) the act 
of brealiing forth ; a violent emission ; a 
sudden excursion ; a breaking out of hu- 
mours ; efflorescence or redness of the skin. 

K-rQp'tive,a. bursting forth ; having eruption. 

fir-y-sip'e-las,n. (Gr.) a disease called 

St Antliony'g lire. 
Er-y-si-pCl'a-tous, a. having erysipelas. 

£s-ca-lade', n. (L. scala) the act of 
scaling the walls of a fortification. 

Es carop, scSllop. See Scallop. 

fis-ca-pade', n. (Fr.) irregular motion 
of a horse. 

E-8cfipe', w. (Fr. echapper) to See from ; 
to avoid ; to get out of danger ; to pass 
unobserved ; to evade — n. flight ; a getting 
out of danger ; evasion ; sally ; mistake. 

E-scap'ing, n. avoidance of danger. 

Es-carp', v. (Fr. esccrper) to slope. 

Escha-lot', sha-16t', n. (Fr.) a species 
of small onion or SEKlic. 

fis'char, n, (Gr. eschara) a crust or 
scab caused by a caustic application. 

Es.cha-r6t'ic, a. cau-*ic.— n. a caustic appli- 

Es-cheat', n. (Fr. echoir) property that 
falls to the lord of the manor by forfeiture, 
or for want of heirs.— v. to fall to the lord 
of the manor ; to forfeit. 

Es-;heat'or, ». an officer who observes 

Es-9hew', V. (Ger. schelten) to shun. 

E8'c6rt, 71. (Fr. escorte) a guard. 
Bs-cort', V. to attend as a guard- 

Escot. See Scot. 

Es-cri-toire', es-cri-twar', n. (Fr. ecri- 
toire) a box with implements for writing. 

Es'cu-ago, n. (L. scutum) a kind of 
tenure by knight's service. 

fis-cu-la'pi-an, a. (L, jEsctilapius) 
pertaining to the healing art. 

Es'cu-lent, a. (L. esca) good for food : 
eatable.— n. something fit for food. 

E-scut'pheon, n. (L. scutum) the shield 
of a family: ensicrig armoriah 

E-scQt'fheoncd, a. having an escutcheon. 

E-^o'pi-an, a. pertaining to yEsop ; ia 
the manner of iGsop. 

fts-o-t2r'ic, a. (Gr. eso) secret, 
Es-o-ter'i-cal-ly, ad. secretly. 
Es'o-tcr-y, n. secrecy ; mystery. 

Es-pSl'ier, n. (L. palus) a tree trained 

on a frame or stake. 
E-sp?c'ial, a. (L. species) principal • 

chief: particular. 
E-8pe9'iaI-ly, ad. principally ; chiefly. 

E-spI'al. See under Espy. 

fis-pla-nade', n. (Fr.) an open space 
before a fortiflcation. 

E-spou§e', V. (L. e, sponsum) to be- 
troth ; to marry ; to maintain. 

E-spdQ;'al , n. the act of espousing ; adoption ; 
protection : pi. a contracting of Tjarriage. - 

E-spOQj'al, a. relating to the act r .spousing. 

£-spdQ^'er, n. one who espouses. 

E-spy', V. (Fr. epier) to see at a dis- 
tance ; to discover ; to watch. 
E-spl'al, n. a spy ; observation ; discovery. 
K-spI'er, n. one who watches as a spy. 
Es'pt-o- nA^e, n. the practice of a spy. 

Es-quire', n. (L. .scutum) the attendant 

on a knight ; a title of courtesy. 
Es-aay', V. (Fr. essayer) to attempt. 
Es'say, n. an attempt ; a short treatise. 
Es'say-er, n. one who writes essays. 
Es'say-ist, n. a writer of essays. 

£s'sen9e, n.( L. esse) the nature, sub- 
stance, or being of any thing ; existence ; 
perfume ; scent.—tf. to perfume ; to scent 

Es-s6n'tial,o. necessary to existence ; very im- 
portant ; pure ; highly rectified.— n. being; 
a first principle ; the chief point 

Es-sfin-ti-ftl'i-ty, n. the being essential. 

Es-sCn'tial-Iy, ad. in an essential manner. 

E3-s€n'ti-ate, V. to become of the same essence 

Es-soin', n. (L. ex, onus) excuse ; ex- 
emption. — V. to excuse ; to release. 

E-st5b'lish, «. ilj.sto) to settle iirmly; 
to fix ; to ratify ; to confirm. 

E-stftb'lish-er, n. one who establishes. 

E-stab'lish-ment, n. that which is established: 
fixed state; confirmation; settled regula- 
tion; foundation; income. 

fis-ta-fetto',». (Fr.) amilitary courier 

E-stS : ',n.{JL.statum) condition ; pro- 
perty ; rank ; the government. 

E-steem', v. (L. cestimo) to value ; to 
prize ; to regard ; to respect ; to think.— 
n. value ; regard ; respect. 

B-steem'a-ble, a. that may. be esteemed. 

E-steem'er, n. one who esteems. 

Es'ti-ma-ble, a. worthy of esteem ; valuable. 

ts'ti-mate, v. to rate ; to set a value on ; to 
calculate.— n. computation; value; com- 
parative judgment. 

E8-ti-raa'tion,n.calcuIation ; opinion ; regard. 

Es'ti-nia-tive, a. having the power of esti* 
mating; imaginative. 

Es'ti-val, a. (L. cBstas) pertaining to 
the summer. 

Pate, fat, ikt, fall; mC, met, there, h«r; pine, pin, field, flrrnOte, n6t, nor, mftve. ida 

, u- 



fi»-»i-va'tlon, n. act of passing the summer. 

E-st«p', V. (Fr. etouper) to impede. 

Ea-tp'vcrs, n. pi. (Fr. etoffer) necos- 
saries allowed by law. 


E-stran^e', v. (L. extra) to keep at a 

distance ; to alienate : to withdraw 
E-8tranye'ment, n. aUeiation; See. 

^;^*Jh^''^' ^^ »'»•««'««) to wander— 
n. a beast lost or wandering. 

E-streat', V. (L. cj?, tractum) to copy : 
^ to extract ; to take rrom.-n. a true copy. 

^f}!*?!."' ^ 1^- '^*'«*) to boil J to be 

agitated ; to rise and fall. ' 

*;8-tu-a'tIon, n. agitation ; commotion. 

infn^'j^^' "• H'"i."'°""> °' a "ver widened 
into an arm of the sea. 

^racious.""*' *** ^^' """"^ liungry ; vo- 

fit-fa5t'o-ra, arf. (L.) and so on: and 
soiorth: contracted «te. and 4c. 

Etiih, V. (Ger. ete«n) to engrave on 
nie al by means of aquafortU ; to sketch. 

Etf h'mg, n. a method of engraving. 

E-t^r'nal, a. (L. astemus) without be- 
ginning or end ; endless ; perpetual : ever- 
lasting;.-n. an appellation of God. 

ii-ter'nal-ist, n. one who holds the past exist- 
ence of the world to be infinite. 

inSi""';'^' '^- without beginning or end: 
endless y; perjetually ; -unchanglably. ' 
nr»ni'*^;i »». durat on without beginning 
or end ; duration without end. 
Ji-ter'nue, ». to make eternal or endless. 

E-te'^-an, a. (Gr. etos) periodical. 

}!'^5'."'. ^^^- <^i'^r) a matter sup- 
posed to be finer and rarer than air; i5r 
refined or sublimed ; a volatile fluid. 
K-the re-al, a. formed of ether ; celestial. 

5!\hl/®'°."?' "• ^°™«<^ of ether; heavenly, 
^-the're-al-lze, v. to convert inti ether. 

Eth'io, fith'i-cal, a. (Gr. ethos) relat- 
#*h? *o,'"<»>"a>s ; treating of morality. 
Eth j-cal-ly, od. according to ethics. 

^biiaoo;. ^ °^*^'' "^ ^^^'''^'«' ^ 

^hS*'' fit'i'ni-cal, a. (Gr. jr/Arw) 
heathen ; pagan. ^ 

gJl'/"!"'."' •* heathen ; a pngan. 

litn ni-f ijm, M. heathenism ; paganism. 

£-ti-Sl'o-^, n. (Gr. aitia, logos) an 
account of the causes of any thing. 

Et-i-qnette', et-i-kgf, n. (Fr.) forms 
ofceremony or decorum. / « *"" 

Et-ui', ». (Fr.) a case for tweezers. 

Et-y.m81'o-|y, n. (Gr. etumos, logos) 
„ the derivation of words, 
at-y-mo-l Yi-cal, a. relating to etymology. 
^fe?5!''?''-«^-ly. «d. accordinrto fj- 
Et-y-moVo-gist, n. one versed in etymology, 

their roots. 
Et'y-mon, n. an original or primitive word. 

of'^'llvinil? "v^Clr.^M, charts) the act 

Lor'cl-ss?;;;'^;:'"'' "''' •^"^«"» «' '»>; 

Eu-cha-rls'tic, Eo-cha-rls'ti-cal, a. r^Iatinff 
to the sacrament of the Lord's Pupjer. 

Eu-chSro-^, n. (Gr. euchi, logos) a 
formulary of prayers. ' if / "> 

^SoFb'od'J-.^^'- *"'*'•««'> ''good 
EQc'ti-cal, a. (Gr. euchi) suppliant. 
EQ-di-8m'e-ter,n. (Gr. eudios,Kietron) 
oFthe •"™^° ascervaining the purity 


praise; panegyric. 
KQ io-j:ist, n. one who praises or commends. 
ii-u lo-gize, V. to praise ; to commend. 

^wiTn^h'^'K"- ^^'- ^«"^> ^cAo) a man 

who has been castrated. 
1;Q nu-chate, r. to make a eunuch, 
iitt nu-chijm, n. the state of a eunuch. 

^?e'^h;g.^^' "• ^^''- ^"» ''°'^<'*> "S^'t 

Eu'phe-mism, n.,phemi) a deli- 
cate way of expressing what might oilend. 

^^ih^'^^^' ":, ^^^» *«» PAon^) an 
agreeable sound ; smooth enunciation. 
souSd? ''• *="Ph«n'i-cal. a. ajpfi^bie in 

EQ'phra-sy, n. (Gr. euphrasia) tho 
herb eye-bright. / " 

Eu-rl'pus, n. (L.) a strait where the 
water is much agitated. 

Eu-ro-pe'an, a: belonging to Europe. 
—n. a native of Europe. ^ 

Eu'ryth-my, n. (Gr. eu, rhuthmos) 
narmony; proportion; symmetry. 

Eu'tax-y, n., toons) established 

EQ-than-a'd-a, Eu-thSn'a-sy, n. (Gr. 
ew, «<ina<M) an easy death. 

E-vSq'u-ate. v. (L. e, vaco) to make 

empty; to discharge; to quit. 
B-vac-u-a'tion, n. the act of emptying ; dis- 

charge ; abolition ; a withdrawing from. 
«-vac'u-a-tor, n. one who makes void. 

E-vade , V. (L. e, vado) to elude : to 

avoid ; to escape ; to slip away. 
B-va'jion, n. subterfuge ; artifice. 
E-va'slve, a. using evasion ; elusive. 
E-va'sive-ly, ad. by evasion ; elusively. 

fiv-a-ga'tion, n. (L. e, vaaor) the act 
ofwandermg; excursion; deviation. 

fiv-a-ngs'fent, a. (L. e, vantts) vanish- 
ing; fleeting; passing away. 
Ev-a-nes'cence. n. disaoDearanPA. 
E-va^'id, a. faint ; weaJt; evanescent. 
X!-yan'isb, v. to disajipear ; to vanish. 

tQbe. tab, fQll : cry. crjpt, mfrrhj tail, bfiy, 6fir. n6w, new; cede. ?em. raije. ejist."^ 




E-T^'ijel, n. (Gr. eu, angcllo) good 

tidlhgi; tht irospel. 
Ev-an-KCl'ic, f. v-ur.-yfll'I-cftl, a. accordinij to 

the guspel ; cuutained in tlio gospel. 
£ v-an -KCl'i-cal-ly , ad, aciord ing to the gospel. 
B-vAn'^Kl ijin, n. promulgation of tfu r.o >■,> : 
K-vin'gel-ist, n. a writer of .-» h <*> jxy 

our ^viour ; a preacher oHiUti goaj i ?. 
B-vfln-jfol-lst'a-ry, n. a aoluctioii f/jiu -mo 

gospels, to be read in divinu service. 
B-van'^oi-ize, v. to intitiuc t in the guspel. 

E-vSp'o-rato, v. ^L. e, vapor) to fly 
away in vapour ; to waste insenaibly. 

E-vflp'c-ra-ble, a. easily dissipated in vapour. 

B-vSp-o-ra'tion, n. the act of flying away 
In vapour ; conversion into vapour. 

£vc, E'\en, e'm, n. (S. cefen) the close 
of the day ; the evening before a holiday. 

E'vcn-ing, n. the close of the day ; the latter 
end of life. — a. toward the close of day. 

E' ven-8<Sng,n.forra of worship for the evening. 

£'ven-tlde, n. the time of the evening. 

E'von, e'vn , a. (S. efen) level ; uniform ; 
smooth ; equal ; parallel ; calm ; capable 
of being divided into equal parts. — v, to 
make even; to level.— <id. exactly ; verily; 
likewise ; so much as. 

B'ven-ly, ad. equally ; uniformly. 

E'ven-ness, n. tno state of being even. 

Cven-hand'-ed, a. impartial ; equitable. 

E-vSnt' n. (L. e, vcntum) that which 

happens ; an incident : consequence. 
B-vfint'fQl, a. full of events ; momentous. 
E-vfinfu-al, a. happening as a result. 
E-vfint'u-al-ly, ad. in the event. 

E-T?n'ter-ate, v. (L. e, venter) to rip 
open ; to disembowel. 

E-vSn'ti-late, v. (L. e, ventus) to win- 
now ; to sift out ; to discuss. 
E-v6n-ti-la'tion, n. the act of ventilating. 

Ev'er,a«f.(S.<p/er) at anytime; always. 

Ev'er-bOrn-ing, a. unextinguished. 

Ev'er-du-ring, a. eternal. 

fiv'er-grGen, a. green throughout the year. 
— n. a plant a I ways green. 

Ev-er-iast'ing, a. lasting without end ; per- 
petual; immortal; erornal. — ». eternity. 

Ev-er-lftst'ing-ly, ad. without end ; eternally. 

Ev-er-ISst'ing-ness, n. eternity ; perpetuity. 

&v'er-llv-ing,a.eteinal; immortal ; incessant. 

£v-er-mOre', ad. always ; eternally. 

E-v2rt', v. (L. e, verto) to overthrow. 
E-y^r'sion, n. overthrow; destruction. 

ftv'er-y, a. (S. tefer, ailc) each one. 
ftv'er-y-day, a. common •, usual. 
Ev'er-y-whfire, ad. in every place. 

E-vict', v. (L. e, viotum) to take away 

by a sentence of law ; to dispossess. 
G-vIc'tion, n. dispossession ; prooL 

Ev'i-dence, n. testimony; proof; a witness. 

— V. to prove ; to shew; to ' vin* e. 
Ev-i-d6i/tial, a. aft'ording evidence or proof. 
£v'i-dent-ly, qd. plainly ; obviously. 

E'vil, e'vl, a, (S. yfel) not good ; bad ; 

wicked ; corrupt.— n. wickednoM ; Injury i 
calamity.— i»<. not wuil ; iiguriously. 

E'vil-ly, ad. not well. 

I^'vil-ness, n. badr.uM ; viclousneia. 

K'vll-dd-er, n. one who docs evil. 

£'vil-e9ed, a. having a malignant look. 

ft-vll-fa'voured, a. iU-countenancod. 

ii-vil-fa'voured-ness, n. deformity. 

f;'vil-m!nd-od, a. malicious ; wicked. 

£-vil-spCak'ing, n. slander ; calumny. 

£'vil-w6rk-er, n. one who does wiukedncu. 

E-vin9o', t^. (L. e, v'lnco) to prove; to 

show ; to manifest : to make evident 
E-vln'fi-ble, a. capublo of proofs 

E-vTs'cer-ato, v. (L. e, viscera) to takt 
out the entr«ll8 ; to disembowel. 

Tl "1(0 . V. (L. (', vit6\ to avoid, 
ftv'l-ta-ole, a. that may be avoided. 
rWi-tate, V. to avoid ; to shun ; to escape. 
£v-i-til'tion, n. the act of avoiding. 

E-voke', V. (L. e, voco) to call forth, 
fiv'o-cate, V. to call forth. 
flv-o-cVtion, n. a calling forth. 


E-volve', V. (L. e, volvo) bo unfold ; to 

open ; to disclose ; to expand, 
fiv-o-lu'tion, n. the act of unfolding. 

fiv-o-mi'tion,n.(L.^,voOTo)a vomiting. 

E-vursion, n. (L. e, vulsum) the act 
of plucking or tearing out. 

Ewe, n. (S. sown) a female sheep. 

Ew'er, n. (S. hwer) a kind of pit iher. 

Ex-ac'er-bato, v. (L. ex, acerbus) to 
imbitter ; to increase malignant aualitles. 
E?f-ap-or-bu'tion, n. increase of malignity. 

Ex-act', a. (L. ex, actum) nice ; accu- 
rate ; strict ; methu'lioal ; punctual.— v. to 
require ; to demand ; to extort. 

E^-act'er, E$-act'or, n. one who exacts. 

Ex-ac'tion, w. extortion ; unjust demand. 

E^-act'i-tude, n. nicety ; exactness. 

Ex-.lct'ly, «.'. accurately ; nicely; precisely. 

E.v-act'ncss, n. accuracy; nicety; regularity. 

E^-act'ress, n. a female who exact.s. 

Ejc-ac'u-ato, V. iL.'eXyUcuo) to sharpen. 

Ej:-a^^er-ate, v. (L. ex, agger) to 

heap up ; to heighten by representation. 
E^-ag-ger-a'tion,>».ampliflcation ; hyperbole. 
Ej-a^pr-a-to-ryja.containing exaggeration. 
Ey-a^'i-tate, v. (L. ex, ago) to stir up. 

Ef-alt', V. (L. ex, altus) to raise ; to 

eleva i- ; to extol ; to magnify. 
Ex.-al-ta'tion,n.the act of exalting; elevation. 
E^-alt'ed-ness. n. state of (lij^nityorgreatness. 
Ex-alt'er, n. one who exalts. 

Ey-a'men, n.(L.) inquiry ;disquisitioni 
Ex-am'ine, . to search into ; to question ; 

to try ; to scrutinize. 
E:j-am'i-na-blo, a. that may be examined. 
E^-am'i-nant, n. one to be examined. 
E^-am'i-nate, n. the person examined. 
E^-am-1-na'tion, n. the act of • xamining. 
Ejc-am'i-na-tor, n. one who examines. 
Ef -aml-iier, n. one wi.o examine^. 

fate, fit, far, fall ; me, met, there, h^r ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, li&n \ 



Ej-8m pie, «. (L. ea^emplum) a copy : 

m^"'r ' " 'i""'*' • "" ''""'"H'o a spcci- 
men a precedent ; an illu.Htration. 

B?-ani pier, n. a pattern j a sampler. 

Lf^-an'gui-ous. Soo Exsan^juioug, 

^?-?"l°»?to. ,«. (L. e.v, anima) liic- 
less; fioud; npiritlcM; deircwcd. 

^n,;?"*.''*'°J ^' ^^^' ^^' ""llos) to draw 

out ; to . xhaust ; to waste away 
Ex-ant-la ,n, n. a drawing out ; exhaustion. 
Ex'arch, n. (Gr. er, archos) a vicerov 
Ex'ar-chato. ». the office of oii exarch. ^' 
Ej-Ss'per-ato, v. (L. eo', asper) to pro- 
voke; to enmffg.-<i. provokJd. '^ 
Ex-iU-per-a'tion. „. provocation ; Irritation, 

inii'Vri^"'"'^^'''''- ^ r-^*.« w^«m) to dis- 

KlKo'^t«°«''»-'^'i'°''?''^5 ' deprivation. 
c^x nu tno-rate, v. to dismiss from service 

i;?f-au Iho-rlze, v. to deprive of authority. 
Ex'ca-vate,Ex-ca'vato,», (L.^^ c«j)»/«^ 

to hollow ; to cut into hoHmvt! ' "*^ 
Ex-ca-va tion, n.act of hollowing j a cavity. 

f^&' ^ ^^- ^*' ''^'=^») to £0 beyond : 

vt'^^^An^* "• °°° ^»^" exceeds. 
^- vj^GCd ing. p. a. great in extent, (|imntlty. 
or duration.-^d. in a very great d.^rec - 
prA¥y?''*°/^°^"ff "beyond bounds. 
fcx-96ed'uig-ly, ad. greatly ; very much. 

^^„"?F' y-.,^^- ^■^^^^^<') to out.!.) in 
good qualities; to surpass; to be eminent 

.l^.Mr'"^''' fi5'fel-len-9 n. the stete of 

excel ing ; good q i ality ; .^Tiity • liiKh ranli 

plltf'?^?'"' ' " »'"« oVhonour^ * ^^ 

*^$f r ®"i',''- eminent in any good quality. 

Ex'fel-lent-ly, ad. well in a higrdcg?ee. ^ 

^ou"?Kl;»^^' ^■^' '^"f '«'») to leave 
r-T ^«n»° ''®*^'-~"-P^5'^e''''l"«'vely of ; unless. 


exchanging ; barter ; i.nlance of motmi 
a I Jaco where nierdiants meet. "*°°^» 
*-x-f han per, n. one who excliangci. 

Ex-5hoq'uer, ex-^hgck'er, n. ( Fr. echeo" 

HL^^V"^"''^'''^, "'« public revenue L 
paid.-v. to sue lu the court o* exchequer. 

Ex-<;Tse' n. (L. ex, casum) a tax oo 

conuiiodities.-v. to levy excise. 
fcx-fj (ia-ble, a. liable to excise, 

«,^!lf.'.'"*"' "•• *" "*"'^'-''" who inspepti com 
mod ics. and rates the excise upon them. 

Ex-9l;f'ion, n. a cutting off; extirpation. 

Ex-9lto', V. (L. ex, cito) to stir ud .* 

vlV'.^^V! t° animate: to stimulate. ' 
i*;t-9lt'a-ble, a. easily ixclted. 

p"x'^iV„";»'1''*?i' ".• *''" ''°'"« "asily excited, 
i/x f -tant, a. stirring up ; aniuiftting. 

*|X yi-tate. V. to stir up ; to rouse, 
ii;*'? tJ'^ ''""' "'the act of exciting. 
Kx-f It ft-tive, a. having power to excite. 
V^K*? ""'"*' "• the a(t of exciting J thestati 
of being excited ; that which excites, 
ijx-f It er, n. one who excites. 
lix-fU ing, n. the act of stirring up. 

Ft^;?m '™''^' ^L.e^,c/«mo) to cry out. 

l-x-claim'er, n. one who exclaims. 

lix-cla-ma tion, w outcry; clamour; a sen- 
tence passionately uttered; a mark ('» 
indicating emotion. *'' 

Ex-clam'a-to-ry, a. containing exclamation. 

li^-flP^^''"- (i • <'^,c/a?irf(,) to shut out. 
Ex-clu'jion n th,,- act of shutting out. 
Bx-c u'jion-ist, n. t,ne who excludes. 

ir'v ','k.Vu'"'" ^"'," "■»" i-ii'epiion of. 
Bx-yCp'tion, n. tho act of exceptinc • exchi- 

Pt'^^L""""*"'''^' "• "**'''-' *° objection. 
w^^fL'!"""'"'' "• °"® who makes objections. 

Ex"?^f. InU'' '^ J^'^^'' = '"" of objections. 
i|X-f e|) tious-ncas, n. ^ .vislmess. 

Pv"^«^'f "'^' "• '"<='" •' «" exception. 
Ex-yep tor, n. one wi maiies oxcoptions. 

Ex-9^rn', v. {h.ex.cerno) to rain out. 

Px^S'' *'; ^^-Z*' '^«*'J"''> to pick out. 
Fv'te,' "' ''^ «el«ct— «• a passage selected 

ix:?lrD'tor"'^-n''n-'l""^' *^^V'"'e«<^l^^<=ted. 
Bx-yerp tor, «. a picker ; a culler. 

^^n"^*^^^'' "• ^^A^'^' cessum) more thai 
enough; superfluity; intenii ranee. 

Ex-ySs'sive, «. beyond due bounds. 

fcx-yCs sive-ly, ad. in an extreme degree. 

Ex-chango', V. (L, e-v-, Fr. ckmnp^ -\ *.~. 
gJTo one thin g for another.-n. the act of 

Kx-clQ'jii,.,-„i, /I. tiiio WHO excludes. 

Ex-c n sive, rt. shutting out ; debarring. 

Ex-clu'siye-Iy. ad. without admitting or 

comprehending others. "*"""B o» 

Ex-c8ct', w. (L.ex, coctum) to boil up. 
Ex-cOc'tion, n. the act of boilmg. ^ 

T?5^ il^ thinking ; to contrive ; to invent. 
Ex-cdg-i-ta'tion, n. contrivance; invention. 

«,:,?"w™"['":S*te, V. (L. ex, con, 
mumu) to eject from communion witli the 
church.— <i, excluded from the church.— >». 
one excluded or en off. 

Ex-com-mune', v. t exclude; to expel. 

l'..x-cora-ma'ni-ca-b a. liable or desorvlng 
to bo excommunic d. 

th??'n"""i"*"''*r''; "."• exclusion from 
the fellowship of the church. 

■'^^«*l^2'"';*tev V. (L. ex, corium) lo strlo 

off the skin; to flay. ^ 

Ex-cO-ri-a'tion, tj. act of flaying; abrasion. 

^?1"T","S."*- "• (^- ^■^' cerno) that 
TJt i2'' 'l*^ir' '-'^'■sed from the animal body 
^x -ore-m6nt'aI,a.that is voided as cxcr. . , lon't. 

Fv"riT»!?^«r"'""j'''"?"u'*'"'"K excrement. 
Ex-crcto', V. to send out by excretion. 

^IZt 1!°"' "• i^l""- tion of animal matters. 
Ex'cre-tivo, a. that eparates and ejects, 
iixcrc-to-ry, a. having power to excrete.— 

«. a duct or vessel that excretes. 
Ex-crgs'9Pnt,«. {L.ex,cresco) crowinir 

outofsomelhingelse. ^» "'f, 

Ex-crfis'yence, Bx-crCs'ycn-yy, n. that which 

-■" ~ i = tuiuur ; a projuDcrurice. 

Ex-cr^ .;i-ate,r. {L.ex,cnue)to torturo. 

tab„t.b,faU; cry.cvpt.mfrrh; t5II,b6,.Mr. nfl^l^.. f^^^^;:^;^;-;;^^;;;^;;^ 





lla-crO-(l>A'tlon, n. torture ; torment I 

Ex-ciirpato, V. (L. «x, culpa) to Ciear 

fruiu tlio iiiiiiiitntlon of a fiiiilt. 
FiX-ciil-pa'tioi), n. act of clearing fmrn blame. 
Ex-corpii'tu-ry, ii. cleariiiK fruiii blame. 

Ex-cdr'sion, w. (L. ex, cursum) a 

ramlilo ; an vxpeilltion ; a diKrcHHlun. 
Kx-eOr'itive, a. rainlilliiK; wanaoririK. 
Kx-cOi-'hlvo-ly, tut. In a wandering manner. 
Kx-cQr'iiivo-neAfl, n. the bo4ng cxcumiva. 

lix-cfiso', V. (L. ex, causa) to pardon ; 

to free ; to diicngage ; to remit. 
Ex-cOso', n. a plea; nn apology; ttioactof 

excusing ; the canso of being ci used. 
Kx-cCi|f'cr, n. one who pic. 'U for u.iiothor. 
Kx-cbHe'lcRs, a. having nu excuse. 
Kx-cO)f'a-lile,({.ndmitting excuse ; pardonable. 
Rx-cn;Vble-ne!is, n. the being excusable, 
rtlx-cu-jA'tlon, n. plea; apology; excuse. 
Elx-ca'fu-to-ry, a, pleading excuse. 

Ex-cu8s', V. (L. ex, quassum) to shako 

oiT; to seize and dctiiin by law. 
Rx-cQs'slon, n. a shaking oil ; seizure. 

Kx'e-crato, t;. (L. ex, aacer) to curse; 

to imprecate 111 upon ; to abominate. 
Ex'e-cra-blo,a. accursed: hateful ; detestable, 
ftx'e-cra-bly, (uL cursedly ; abominably. 
Kx-e-cra'tion, n. curse ; imprecation of evil. 
Lx'e-cra-to-ry, n. u formulary of execrations. 

Ex-{fct'. Soo Exsect. 

Ex'o-c(\te,v.(lj. ex, seoutum) to carry 
Into effoct ; to perform ; to put to death. 

Ex'c-cfi-ter, n. one who executes. 

£!x-e-cQ'tlon, n. performance ; practice ; 
eifect; seizure; capital punishment. 

JEx-e-oO'tlon-er, n, one who intlicts capital 
punishment ; one who kills. 

Ef-ec'u-tlve, a. having power to execute.— 
n. the power in the state that administers 
the government; executive authority. 

E.^-Cc u-tor, n. one who executes a will. 

E:^-ec'u>tor-ship, n. the otticeof an executor. 

Ex-Cc'u-to-ry, a. relating to execution. 

E^-6c'u-trix, n. a female executor. 

Ex-e-^e'sis, n. (Gr.) exposition; ex- 
planation; interpretation. 
Ex-e-y6t'i-cal, a. expository ; explanatory. 
£x-e-^et'i-caMy, ad. by way of explanation. 

Ky-2m'plar,n. ( L.exemphim) a pattern. 
fix'em-pl.a-ry, a, worthy of imitation. 
E^'em-pla-ri-ly, ad. In an exemplary manner. 
£:^'era-pla-ri-nnBs,n.6tate of being exemplary. 
E^-em-plar'i-ty, n. a pattern to be imitated. 
E^-fim'pli-fy, V. to illustrate by exartiple. 
E^-Cni-pli-fl-ca'tion, n. illustration ; copy. 
E^-Cm'pli-fi-er, n. one who exemplifies. 

Ex-Smpt', V. (L. ex, emptum) to free 

irom. — a. free by privilege ; not liable. 
Ef -Cmp'tion, n. freedom from ; immunity. 

Ex-cn'ter-ate, v. (Gr. ex, enteron) to 

take out the entrails ; to disembowel. 
Ei^-en-ter-a'tion, n. a disembowelling. 

J6x'o-quie?, n. pi. (L. ex, seguor) 

funeral rites ; the ceremonies of biuriol. 
Bx-C'qui-ol, a. relating to funerals. 

j^x'or-vlfd, i>. (L. eA\ arceo) io employ; 

to train ; to practise i to exert t to keep 

busy. - n. labour ; practice; use; employ 
niuiit : task ; an example for practice. 

f:x'i>r.cly-er, n. one who exordsei. 

E)^-er-f l-ta'tion, n. practice ; use. 

Ex-urt', V. (L. ex, serltim) to use with 

elTurt : to put forth ; to puiform. 
E.^-iir'tlon, n. the act of exerting ; effort. 

E;t-e'?ion, n. (L. ex, eaum) the act ol 
eating out or through. 

Ey-Sa-tu-a'tion, n. (L. ex, cestus) the 
state of boiling ; ebullition. 

ExTfO'li-ato,t;.(L.ej:^/b/»'/m)t3 scale off. 
Kx'fO-li-a'tion, n. the act of scaling off. 
Ex-fo'li-a-tive, a. causing exfoliation. 

Ey-halo', V. {L. ex, halo) to .sond or 

draw out In vapour ; to evaporate. 
E^-hyia-blc, a. that may be exhaled. 
Kx-ha-ia'tion,»i. the act of exhaling; vapout. 
Ei^-halo'ment, n. matter exhaled ; vapour. 

Ex-haust', t; . (L. ex,liaustum) to (lra,va ; 

to draw out totally ; to consume. 
E^-haust'er, n. one who exhausts. 
E^-haust'i-ble, a. that may be exhausted. 
E^-httust'lon, n. the act of exhausting. 
Ex-haust'less, a. that cannot be exhausted. 
E^-liuust'ment, n. drain ; diminution. 

Ex-hcr'e-date, v. (L. ex, hceres) to dis- 
Ej-her-e-da'tion, n. a disinheriting. 

Ej-hib'it, V. (L. ex, habeo) to offer to 
view; to show; to display. 

Ef-hlb'it-er, n. one who exhibits. 

Bx-hi-bl'tliQn, n. the act of exhibiting ; dis- 
play ; public show ; benefaction to main- 
tain a scholar at a university. 

£x-hi-bl'tion-cr, n. one maintained at a 
university by exhibition. 

E^-hlb'i-tive,a.servtng to exhibit ; displaying. 

Esf-hiVi-tive-ly, aa by representation. 

E^-hlb'i-to-ry, a. setting lortli ; showing. 

Ex-hil'a-rato. v. (L. ex, hilaris) to 

make cheerful ; to enliven ; to gladden. 
E^-hll-a-ra'tion, n. the act of exhilarating. 

Ejc-hort', V. (L. ex, horlor) to advise 

or incite to good ; to odmonish. 
fi^-hor-ta'tion,»».thoact of exhorting; advice. 
E^-hOrt'a-tive, a. containing exhortation. 
BxThort'a-to-ry, a. tending to exhort. 
E^-hOrt'er, n. one who exhorts. 

illx-hu-ma'tk>n, n. (L. ex, humus) tlio 

act of unburying ; disinterment. 
Ex-io'caito. See Exsiccate. 

fix'i-gent, a. (L. ex, ago) pressing — 
n. pressing business ; a kind of writ. 

fix'i-^enfc, fix'i-^en-fy, n. demand ; want j 
need ; pressing necessity ; sudden occasion 

E>c-ig'u-ou3, a, (L. criguus) small. 
fi:j-i-g&'i-ty, «. smallness. 

jfix'ile, TO. (L. exilium) banishment 

the person banished.— v. to banish. 
Ex-lle'iuent, ». banishment. 

Ey-!le', a. (L. exilis) small ; slender. 
l£f-Ul-ty, n. suiiiUuess ', glendenieae. 

Pftte, tit, fir, (allt me. met, there, hir ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, n3rf mftve. aio 





fix-j-ll'tion, n. (L. ex, aalio) tho act 
of leaping or iprlnglng Out. 

Ex-Tm'i-ou8, a. (L. eximitu) oxcollont. 

Ky-tn-a-iil'tion, n. (L, ex, inanU) an 
emptying . privation j Iom. 

Ex-tHt', t>. (L. ex, tislo) to bo ; to have 

being; to live; torenmln; to endure. 
Kx-Is tonfe. n. itate of hulnff ; a being. 
J;.x-|» tent, a. having existence or being. 
K)f-U-ten'tiul, a. having cxintence. 

Ey-Tg-ti-ma'tion, n. (L. ex, mtimo) 
opinion; c»teeiu. 

Ex'it, n. (L.) a going out; departure: 
decease ; a way or passage. 

E^-T'tial, Ejc-t'tious, a. (L. ex. Hum) 
destructive to life ; fatal. 

fix'fldo, n. (Gr. ex, hodos) tho con- 
clud ng part of a dramatic entertainment. 

£xo-uui, n. departure from a place; the 
second book of AIokcs, which describes the 
departure of the Isiaulitcs from Egypt. 

Ey-(<n'er-ate, v. (L. ex, onns) to un- 
load; to disburden ; to free from a charge. 
t^-On-er-ft'tion, n. tho act of exonerating. 

fix'o-ra-ble, a. (L. ex, oro) that may 
be moved liy entreaty. 

Ejt-Sr'bi-tant, a. (L. ex, orbis) enor- 
mous; excessive; extravagant. 

Ex-Gr'bi-tanve, E^if-or'bi-tan-vy, n. deviation 
from rule or right ; enormity; extravagance. 

E^-or'bi- tant-ly,«d. beyond rule ; excessively. 

Kx-Or'bl-tate, v. to go out of the usual track. 

fix'or-yifiie, v. (Gr. ex, horkos) to ad- 
jure by some holy name ; to expel evil spirits. 
gx or-yl^-er, ft. one who exorcises. 
Ex'or-vijui, 7). expulsion of evil spirits. 
Ex or-vist, n. one who expels evil splriti. 

Ej-Gr'di-ura, n. (L.) the beeinniug: 

tho introduction ; the preface. 
Esf-Or'dl-al, a introductory. 

E5C-o6'Be-ous,a.(L.ea?,os)without bones. 
fix-o-tSr'io, ftx-o-ter'incal.fl. (Gr.exo) 

external; public. 
Ex'o-ter-y, n. what is obvious or conmwn. 
E)f-0t'ic, a. foreign.— n. a foreign plant. 
E j-at'i-ca' a. foreign ; not native. 

Ex-p5nd', w. (L. ex, pando) to spread: 

to lay open ; to dilate ; to dilTiise. 
Ex-panse', n. a wide extent of space or body. 
Ex-pan'si-ble, a. capable of being expanded. 
Ex |)ftn-8i-bll'i-ty, n. capacity of expansion. 
*<x-pan 8ion,ii.theactofsi)readingout; extent. 
Ex-pan'slve,, a. having power to expand. 

Ex-pa'/i-ate, v. (L. ex, spatium) 

range at large ; to enlarge upon. 
Ex-pa'/i-a-tor, n. one who expatiates. 

Ex-pa'tri-ate, v. (L. ex, pairio 

banish from one's country. 
Ex-pa-tri-;"i'tion,n. banishment ; emigiation, 

Ex-pSct'. V. (L. er. spec(o) to look for ' 
to wait for ; to apprebend. " ' 



Ex-pcct'*»Lle, a. that may be exuect«d 
fcx-pec'tanv«, Kx-poc'tun-cy. n. the act o| 

state of expecting; sonictliing exnectwi. 

HiX-pCc tant, a. waiting in expectation n 

• one who waits in txpoctatlon. 
Ex-pec-ta'tlon, M. tho act of expecting; th« 

object expected ; prospect of good to conn 
fc.x-pec ta-tive, a. looking or waiting for.— n 

the object of expectation. 
Ex-pCot cr, tt. one who expects. 

Ex-p5c'to-rato, v. ( L. ex, peclui) tt 

discharge from tho breast by coughing. 
Bx-pCc-to-ra'tlon, n. discharge by coughing 
Kx-peoto-ra-tlve^.promotlng expectoration. 
Ex-p(''di-ont,a.(L..?.r,pr.v)fit ; proper; 

convenlenr; suitable.— «. means to an end 

shift; device. 
Ex-pCdi-enyo. Ex-pe'dl-en-yy, n. fltnesit 

propriety; convenience; suitableness. 
Kx-po'dl-ent-!:;, ad. fitly; convenk-ntly. 
Expo-dlte, V. to hasten; to facilitate; to 

despatch.— a. milck ; hasty; easy; active. 
; Ex po-dlto-ly, atl. with quickness ; hastily. 
I Jix-pe-dl tion, «. haste; speed; activity 

a march or voyage ; an enteri)rlse. 
Ex-pe-dl'tious. a. speedy; quick; nimble. 
Kx-po-dt'tious-ly, ad. speedily; nimbly. 
Ex pe-di-tive, a. performing with speed. 

Ex-pgd'i-tato, v. (L. ex, pes) to cut 
olrtho balls or claws of a dog's fore feet. 

Ex-pCd-i-ta'tion, n. mutilation of a dog's foot 

Ex-pcr, V. (L. ex, pello) to drive or 
force out ; to eject j to banish. 

tx-pel'ler, n. one that expels. 

Ex-pgnd', V. (L. ffj«,jD^nf/o) to lay out ; to 
spend ; to disburse ; to employ ; to consume 
Ex-pen'di-ture, n. cost ; disbursement. 
Ex-p6nse',n.co8t; charge ; money expended. 
Ex-pfinse'fai, a. costly; chargeable. 
Ex-pense'fai-ly, ad. in a costly manner. 
Ex-pCnse'less, a. without cost. 
Ex-pen'slve, a. given to expense ; costly. 
Ex-i)Cn'aive-ly, ad. with great expense. 
Ex-pen'sive-ness.n. extravagance ; costliness. 

Ex-pe'ri-en9e, n. (L. experior) trial; 
practical knowledge.— v. to try; to prac. 

tise ; to know by practice. 

Ex-pe'ri-cnyed.p.a.gkilful or wise by practice. 
Ex-pe'ri-en-for, n. one who makes trials. 
Ex-pe'ri-ent, a. having experience. 
Ex-pCr'i-ment, n. trial, practical proof.— », 

to make experiment ; to try. 
Ex-pCr-i-ment'ai, a. founded on experiment 
Ex-pCr-i-menfal-ist, Ex-pOr'i-ment-er, n. 

one who makes experiments. 
Ex-p6r-i-m6nt'al-ly, ad. by experiment. 

Ex -pert', a. (L. experlum) skilful ; 

prompt ; ready ; dexterous. 
Ex-pert'ly, ad. skilfully; dexterously. 
Ex-p(5rt'ness, «. skill ; readuiess ; dexterity, 

Ex-pet'i-ble, a. (L. ex, peio) that may 

be wished for or desired. 

Ex'pi-ate, v. (L, ex, plus) to atone for 
Ex'pi-a-ble, a. that may be expiated. 
Ex-pi-a'tion , n. act of expiating ; atonemcni 
Ex pi-a-to-ry, a. having power to expiate. 

■Klt-'ni-lo+o •■ /T -.- —-•;-> A- 1. 

Ex-pi-la'tion, SI. robbery; waste. 


sObe. tOb, fan ; cry, crypt, m^h J mi, boy, ear, now, new • tede, gem, raije, e»igt, tbia 




Ex-piro , V. (L. ex, spiro) to breathe 
out ; to emit the last breath ; to die. 

Ex-pi-rfi'tioh, n. the act of breathing ; emis- 
Bion of breath ; death ; evaporation ; cessa- 
tion ; conclusion. 

fix-pls- cu'tion, n. (L. ex, piscis) a fish- 
ing out. 

Ex -plain', v. (L. ex, planus) to majco 
plain ; to expound ; to illustrate. 

ISx-plain'a-ble, a. that may be explained. 

Ex-plain'cr, n. one v/ho explains. 

fix-pla-nfi't ion, n. the act of explaining ; the 
sense explained ; adjustmentof a difference. 

Bs-plfin'a-to-ry, a. containing explanation. 

Ex-ple'tion, n. (L. ex, pletum) accom- 
plishment; fulfilment. 

Ex'ple-tive, a. filling up ; added for supply 
or ornament.— n. a word used to fill a space. 

Ex'ple-to-ry, a. filling up ; taking up room. 

ftx'pli-cate, w. (L. ex, plico) to unfold; 

to explain ; to clear ; to interpret. 
Ex'pli-ca-ble, a. that may be explained. 
fix-pli-ca'tion,n.cxplanation ; interpretation, 
fix'pli-ca-tive, a. tenaing to sxplain. 
iSx'pli-ca-to-ry, a. tundmg to explain. 
Ex-pil^'it, a. plain ; clear ; direct. 
Ex-pll9'it-ly, ad. plainly; directly. 
Ux-pllf'it-ness, Ji. the state of being sxplicit. 

Ex-plodo', V. ill. ex, plaudo) to hurst 
forth with noise ; to drive out ; to reject. 

Bx-plOd'ei , n. one who explodes. 

Ex-plO'ijion, n. a sudden bursting with noise 
and vioience ; a discharge. 

Ex-plo'sive, a. bursting with noise and vio- 

Ex-pliiit', n. (L. ex, pletum) a great 
action; a heroic deed; an achievement. 

Ex-plOre', V. (L. ex, ploro) to search 

for making discovery ; to examine. 
Ex'plo-rate, v. to search out ; to examine, 
ftx-plo-ra'tion, n. search; examination, 
fix-plo-ra'tor, n. one who explores. 
Ex-plOr'a-to-ry, a. searching ; examining. 
Ex-plOre'ment, n. search ; trial. 

Ex-pO-li-a'tion. See Exspoliation. 

Ex-po'nent, n. (L. ex, pono) the index 
of a power in algebra. 

Ex-port', V. (L. ex, porta) to carry or 

send out of a country, 
fix'port, n. a commodity sent abroad, 
fix-por-ta'tion, n, the act of exporting. 
Ex-pOrt'er, n» one who exports. 

Ex-pose', V. (L. ex, positum) to lay 
open ; to disclose ; to pi: t in danger. 

(5 X- po-sl'tion , n. explanation ; interpretation. 

Ex-pOj'l-tive, a. explanatory; laying open. 

Ex-pOjj'i-tor, n. an explainer ; an interpreter. 

Ex-pOs'i-to-ry, a, explanatory. 

Ex-j)u'pre, n. the act of exposing ; the state 
of bemg e::poscd ; the situation of a place 
as to sun and air. 

Rx-pOOnd', V. to explain ; to interpret. 

Ex-p6Qnd'er,n. an explainer; au interpreter., 

Ex-pos'tu-late, v. (L. ex, postulo) to 
__ reason earnestly; to remonstrate, 
iss-pos-tii-ld'tiou, H. ieasoning ; remon- 
strance; debate; altercation. 

Sx-p6s'tu-Ia-lo-ryi a. containing expostuUri 

Ex-press', v. (L. ex, pressum) to pres* 
out ; to utter ; to represent ; to denbte.-" 
a. plain ; in direct terms.— n. a messengei 
or message sent on purpose. 

Ex-prCss'i-ble, a. that may be expressed. 

Ex-prCs'sion, n. the act of expres Jng ; utter- 
ance ; a phrase or mode of speech. 

Ex-prCs'sive, a. serving to express. 

Ex-prSs'sive-ly, ad. in an exproesive mannei. 

Bx-prfis'sive-ness, n. power of expression. 

Ex-pr6ss'ly, od. plainly ; in direct terms. 

Ex-prC'ss'ness, n. the power of expression. 

Ex-prfis'sure, n. utterance ; form ; mark. 

fix'pro-brate, v. (L. ex, prohrum) to 

upbraid ; to censure ; to reproach. 
Ex-pro-bra'tion, n. upbraiding ; reproach. 
Ex'pro-bra-tive, a. upbraiding; reproaching, 

Ex-pro'pri-ato, v. (L. ex, proprius) to 

hold no longer as one's own ; to give up. 
Ex-prO-pri-a'tion, n. the act of giving up. 

Ex-pugn', ex-piin', v. (L. ex, pugno) 

^ to conquer ; to take by assault. 
Ex-pug-na'tion, n. act of taking by assault. 

Ex-pulse', V. (L. ex, puhum) to drive 

out ; to force away ; to expel. 
Ex-pfll'sion, n. the act of driving out. 
Ex-pal'sive, a. having power to expel. 

Ex-pungc', V. {ex, pungo) to blot out. 

Ex-pOnc'tion, n. the act of blotting out. 
Ex-pQn'^ing, n, the act of blotting out. 

Ex-pur'gate, V. (L.ex,pjirgo) to purge 
away; to cleanse ; to purify"; to expunge. 
Ex-piir-gu'tion. n. the act of cleansing. 
Ex-pdr'ga-tor, m. one who expurgates. 
Ex-pOr'ga-to-ry, a. cleansing ; purifying. 
Ex-pQrge', i<. to purge away ; to expunge. 

fix'qui-jiite, a. (L. ex, quansitum) ex« 

cellent ; complete; choice; extreme. 
Ex'qui-jite-ly, ad. completely ; nicely. 
£x'quj-jite-ness, n. nicety ; perfection. 

Ex-san'gui-ous, a. (L. ex,, sanguis) 
having no blood. 

Ex-SQind', V. (L. ex, scindo) to cut oflf. 

Ex-scribo',v.(L.ea.',scrtJo) to write out. 

Ex-sect', V. (L. ex, sectum) to cut out. 
Er-sfio'tion, n. the act of cutting out. 
Ex-sic'cate, v. (L. ex, sicco) to dry. 
Ex-sTc'cant, a, liaving power to dry. 
jfix-sic-ca'tion, n. the act of drying. 

Ex-spO-li-a'tion, n. (L. ex, spolium) a 
spoiling or wasting, 

Ex-stim'u-late, v. (L. ex, stimulus) to 

spur or goad on ; to incite ; to quicken. 
Ex-stlm-u-la'tion, n. the act of inciting. 

Ex-siic'cous, a. (L. ex,succus) without 
juice; dry. 

Ex-siic'tion, n. (L. ex, suctum) a suck- 
ing out. 

£x-su-da'tion. See under Exudo. 

•i^_ _— />/l»/i'._ -. /T I. ^_j.._> 

£.21. 3Ui»ua UU2J, It. \u. cir, !>-uu,jtu:cn!t} 

1. 3Ui»uU UOn, it. xu. f^j SUu.jiiitUinj 
\. blowing from beneath ; a kind of exorcism. 


Fate, fat, far, fall: mC, mCt, thfiro, hir; pine, pin, field, fir; nOto, n6t, nOr, mftye, son 




fix-sQffli-cntc, a. swollen ; empty. 
Ex-sQ'per-anfe, n. (L.ejr,sMjoer)exces3. 

Ex-sus-9i-ta'tion, n. (L. ca?, aub, cilo) 
a stirring up ; an awakening. 

Ex'tant, a. (L. ex, sto) standing out to 
^ view ; now in being ; not lost. 
Kx'tan(e, n. outward existence. 
Ex'tan-jy, n. the state of standing out. 

fix'ta-sy. See Ecstasy. 

Ex-tem'po-re,arf. (L. ex, tempus) with- 
out previous study or meditation. 

Ex-tdm'po-ral, a. uttered at the moment. 

Ex-tCm'po-ral-ly, ad. witliout premeditation. 

Ex-tem-po-ra'ne-ous, Ex-t6m'po-ra-ry, a. 
unpremeditated ; sudden ; quick. 

Ex-tem'po-rlze, v, to speak extempore. 

Ex-tcnd', V. (L. ex, tendo) to stretch 
out ; f expand ; to enlarge ; to continue. 

Ex-tend'er, n. one that extends. 

Ex-ten'di-ble, a. that may bo extended. 

Ex-t6n'si-ble, a. capable of being extended. 

Ex-t6n-sl-bTl'i-ty, n. the being extensible. 

Ex-t6n'sion, n. the act of extending; the 
state of being extended ; enlargement. 

Ex-ten'sion-al, a. having great extent. 

Ex-t6n'sive, a. wide ; large. 

Ex-tCn'sive-ly, ad, widely ; largely. 

Ex-t6n'sive-ness, n. wideness ; largeness. 

Ex-tfin'sor, n. a muscle that extends. 

Ex-t6nt', n. space ; bulk ; compass. 

Ex-ten'u-ate, v. (L. ex, tenuis) to 

make thin ; to lessen ; to palliate. 
Ex-tCn-u-a'tion, n. palliation ; mitigation. 
Ex-ten'u-a-tor, n. one who extenuates. 

Ex-te'ri-or, a. (L. exter) outward; 

external; extrinsic— n. obtward surface 

or appearance. 
Ex-te'n-or-ly, ad. outwardly ; externally. 
tjX-t^^n', a. outward ; visible ; not intrinsic. 
Ex-ter'nal, a. outward ; visible ; foreign. 
Ex-ter-nai'i-ty, n. external perception. 
Ex-ter'nal-ly, ed. outwardly ; aj)parently. 

Ex-t^r'mi-nate,v. {li.ex, terminus) to 

destroy ; to extirpate ; to abolish. 
Ex-t^r-mi-na'tion, n. destruction ; excision. 
Ex-ter'mi-na-to-ry, a. causing destruction. 

£x-tll-la'tion, n. (L. ex^ stillo) the act 
of falling in drops. 

Ex-tim'u-late. See ExstJmuIate. 

Ex-tinct'j a. (L. ex, stinguo) put out : 

abclished; dead. 
Ex-t..ic'tion,?!.act of puttingout ; destruction. 
Ex-tln'guish, v. to put out ; to destroy. 
Gx-tln'guish-a-ble, a. that may be put out. 
Ex-tTn'guish-er, n. one that extinguishes ; a 
^ hollow cone used to put out a candle. 
Ex-tln'guish-ment, n. suppression ; destruc- 
tion ; abolition. 

Ex-tir'pate,«.(L.«j«, stiTps)io root out. 
Ex-t!r'pa-hle, a. that may be rooted out. 
Ex-tir-pa'tion, n. the act of rooting out. 

Ex-tol', V. (L. ex, tollo) to praise ; to 

exalt ; to magnify ; to celebrate. 
Ex-tOl'ler, n. vne who extols. 

Jiix-iGrt', V. (L. ex, tortum) to take by 
force } *o wring from ; to gain by violence. 

Ex-tort'er, n. one who extorts. 
Ex-tor'tion, n. illegal exaction. 
Ex-tor'tion-er, n. one who practises extor*l<o 
Ex-tortious, a. oppressive ; unjust. 

Ex-tract', v. (L. ex, tractum) to draw 

out ; to take from ; to select. 
Ex'tract, n. that which is extracted ; a paaa* 

ago taken from a book ; essence ; tinctiir» 
Ex-trac'tion, n. the act of drawing out • 

lineage ; derivation. 
Ex-trac'tive, a. that may be extracted. 

fix-tra-ju-di'fial, a. (L. extra, judex) 
cut of the regular course of legal procedure. 

Ex-tra-ju-dl'fial-ly, a(t. in a manner out ot 
the regular course of legal procedure. 

Ex-tra-mTs'sion, n. (L. extra, missuvi) 
a sending outwards. 

beyond the material world. 

Ex-tra'ne-ous, a. (L. extra) of differ- 
ent substance ; foreign. 

Ex-traor'di-na-ry, a. (L. extra, or do) 
beyond ordinary ; remarkable. 

Ex-traor'di-na-ri-ly, ad. uncommonly; re- 
markably; particularly; eminently. 

Ex-traor'di-na-ri-ness, n. remarkableness. 

fix-tra-pa-ro'chi-al, a. (L. extra, Gr. 
para, oOxx) not withm the parish. 

fix-tra-pro-vin'9ial, a. (L. extra, pro. 
uinco) not within the province. 

fix-tra-reg'u-lar, a. (L. extra, reao) 
not comprehended within a rule. 

Ex-teav'a-gant, a. (L. extra, vagor) 
irr^lar; excessive; wild; wasteful. 

Ex-trav'a-ganye, Ex-trav'a-gan-cy, n. jrre- 
gularity ; excess ; prodigal expense. 

Ex-trav'a-gant-Iy, ad. wildly ; wastefully. 

Bx-trav'a-gate, v. to wander out of limits. 

Ex-trav-a-ga'tion, n. excess. 

Ex-trav'a-sato, v. (L. extra, vas) to 

force out of proper vessels. 
Ex-trav-a-sa'tion, n. the act of forcing out 
of the proper vessels. 

Ex-tra-ve'nate, a. (L. extra, vena) 

let out of the veins. 

fixtra-ver'sion, n. (L. extra, versum) 

the act of throwing out. 

Ex-trcmc', a. (L. extra) utmost ; great- 
est ; last ; most pressing ; rigorous. — n. tha 
utmost point ; the highest degree. 

Ex-trerae'ly, ad. in the utmost degree. 

Ex-trCm'i-ty, n. the utmost point or part i 
necessity; emergency; distress. 

fix'tri-cate, v. (L. ex, trices) to free 

from perplexity; to disentangle. 
Ex'tri-ca-ble, a. that may be extricated. 
Ex-tri-ca'tion, n. the act of extricating. 

Ex-trin'sic,Ex-trm'si-caI, a. (L.extra^ 

tcciu) outward ; external. 
Ex-trlu'si-cal-ly, ad. from without. 

E2-trildo',v.(,frMrfo)to thrust off 
Ex-tra'$ion, n. the act of thrusting off. 

t Qbo, tOb, fan ; cry, crVpt, mf rrh 5 toil. bO-?. 60r. nOw, new ; cede, gem, rai#e, exist, thin 


166 FAD 




Ex-toTjcr -ant, a X L^jr^uber) swelling. 
Cx-t D'her-aiiye, Ex-t u'ber-an-fy.n.a swelling. 

E^-u'ber-ant,a. ( L.e.r,uber) abundant ; 

liixumnt ; plenteous. 
E^-Q'ber-anye, n. abundiince ; luxuriance. 
I?>f-0'ber-ant-ly, ft<i. abundantly ; copious), 
£f -D'her-ate, v. to bear in great abuudonce. 

Ex-uc'cous. Seo Exsuccous. 

Ex-Q'date, Ex-udo', v. (L. er, sudd) 

to sweat out ; to issue out ; to emit. 
Ex-u-da'tioD, n. the act of sweating out. 

Ex-ur9er-ate, v. (L. ex, ulcus) to cause 

an ulcer ; to become ulcerous. 
•L-lf-al-cer-a'tion, n. the act of causing ulcers. 

Ex-ult', V. (L. ex, saltum) to rejoice 

exceedingly ; to triumph, 
(ilx-ult'anfe, E)f-0lt'an-9y, n. transport. 
E^-Qlt'ant, a. rejoicing; triumphing 
fi4'"l-'*''>o"t n. joy ; triumph ; delight. 

fix-un-da'tion, «. (L. ex, undo) over- 
flow; abundance. 

Ex-u'per-anfo. See Exsupcranco. 

Ejt-ust'ion, n. (L. ex, ustum) a burn- 
ing up. 

Ej-a'vi-jB, shells. 

Ey'as, n. (Fr. niais) a young hawk.— 

a. unfledged. 
E J'as-mOs-ket, n. an unfledged sparrowhawk. 

Eye, n. (S. eage) the organ of vision ; 
sight ; look ; aspect ; notice ; a small per- 
foration ; a small loop or catch. — v. to 
watch ; to keep in view. 

F.Jed, a. having eyes. Jt 

Ey'er, n. one who eyes. ^^ 

E^e'less, a- deprived of sight. 

Eye'lct, n. a small hole for light; a per- 

E^Tiad, n. an ogling glance. 

E je'ball, n. the apple of the eye. 

Eje'beam, n. a glance from the eye. 

Kye'brlght, n. the plant euphrasy. 

Eye'lrOw, n. the hairy arch over the eye. 

E>'e'dr6p, «. a tear. 

Eje'glan^e, n. quick notice of the eye. 

E)?e'gl.lss, n. a glass to assist the sight. 

E^c'ldsh, n. the hair that edges the eye. 

E^e'lld, n. the iu,»mbrane that shuts over 
the eye. 

Bje'salve, n. ointment for the eyes. 

E Je'sir-vi^e, n. service performed only under 

Efe'shftt, n. glance of the eye ; view. 

Eje'slght, n. sight of the eye. 

Eje'sdre, ». something offensive to the sight. 

Eje'string, n. the tendon which moves the 

Eje't60tft, ». the tooth in the upper jaw 
next to the grinders ; the canine tooth. 

B9o'wit-ness, rt. one who testifies what be 
has seen. 

Ey'ot, n. (S. iggath) a little island. 

Eyre, n. (L. iter) a court of justices 
Itinerant; a circuit. 

Jlv'rv fii (Si i^a\ a "lace wh^ro birds 
of prey build and hatctu 


FuTdIc, n. (L. fabuld) a feigned stoTy, 

a fiction.— r. to feign ; to write fiction. 
Fa'bled, p. a. celebrated in fables. 
Pa'bler, n, a writer or teller of fables. 
Fab'u-list, n. a writer of fables. 
Fab'u-lous, a. full of fables ; feigned. 
Fab-u-l6s'i-ty, n. fulness of fables. 
Fab'u-lou8-ly, ad. in a fabulous miinner. 
Fab'u-lous-ness, n. quality of beuig fabulous. 

Fab'ric, n. (L. faber) a building; n 

structure ; a m.inufacture.— 1>. to build. 
Fab'ri-cate, v. to build ; to construct ; to forgo. 
Fab-ri-ca'tion,n.act of building; construction. 
Fab'ri-ca-tor, n. one who fabricates. 

Fa^e, n. (L. fades) the visage ; tho 
countenance ; the surface ; the front ; ap- 
pearance ; boldness. — v. to turn the face ; 
to meet in front ; to oppose with confidence ; 
to stand opposite to ; to cover. 

Fa-cade', «. the front of a building. 
FAc'et, n. a small surface ; a little fj 
Pa fial, a. pertaining to the face. 

Fa'jing.n. a covering; ornamental covering. 
Fafe'cloth, n. a cloth laid over the face of a 

Fa9e'paint-ing,n.theart of painting portraits. 

Fa-cete',a. {li.facetus) cheerful ; witty. 
Fa-f'C'te'ly, ad. wittily ; merrily. 
Fa-9C'te'ness, n. wit ; pleasant representation 
Fa-f e'tious, a. merry ; jocular ; witty. 
Fa-9e'tious-ly, ad. merrily ; wittily. 
Fa-9e'tious-ness, n. cheenul wit ; mirth. 

Fa9'ile, a. (L.facilis) easy; pliant. 
Fft9'ile-ly, ad, easily ; pliantly. ' 
Fa9'ile-ness, n. easiness to be persuaded. 
Fa-911'i-tate, V. to make easy. 
Fa-911-i-ta'tion, n. the act of making easy. 
Fa-9tl'i-ty, n, easiness ; readiness ; dexterity ; 
ready compliance ; easiness of access. 

Fa-9in'o-rous. a. (L. /acinus) atro- 
ciously wicked. 

Fact, n. (L. factum) a thing done ; 

reality ; deed ; truth. 
Fac'tion, n. a party in a state ; dissension. 
Fac'tion-a-ry, n. one of a faction. 
Fac'tion-ist, n. one who promotes factios. 
Fac'tious, a. given to faction ; turbulent. 
Fac'tious-ly, ad. in a factious manner. 
Fac'tious-ness, n. inclination to faction. 
Fac-trtious, a. made by art ; artificiaU 
Fau'tive, a. having power to make. 
Fac'tor, n. an agent for another. 
Fac'to-ry , n. a house or residence of factors ; 

the body of factors in a place; a plac4 

where any thing is made. 
Fac'ture, n. the act or manner of making. 
Fac'ul-ty , n. a power of mind or body; ability { 

dexterity ; a body of professiooal men. 
Fac-slm'i-ie, n. an exact copy. 
Fac-tO'tum, n. a servant employed to do a'i 

kinds of work. 

Fac'und, a. (Ij.facundus) eloquent. 

Fsde^ t'i (L. vadol) to !os6 colour t tfl 
wither ; to languish ; to vanish.— a. fifiint. 

Pate, fat, f&r, fall; me, met. there, hiii pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, nGr, mAve, s^n / 





Pa^le^es8, a. not liable to fade, 
P.1d'ing-ncs3, n. liability to fivde. 
Pad'y, a. wearing away ; decaying. 

Fad^CjV. (S.fegan) to suit ; to agree. 

Fso'jcj. Sec Feces. 

Fag, V. iL. faiiffoh to grow weary; 

to drudge.— rt. one who works hard ; aslave. 
Pag-end', n. the end of a web or rope ; the 

refuse or meaner part of any thing. 

Fag'ot, n. ( Vf.fagod) a bundle of sticks 
for fuel.— V. to tie up. 

Fail, V. (JL.fallo) to be deficient; to 
cease; to decay; to miss; to miscarry; to 
desert ; to disappoint.— n. deficiency ; omis- 
sion ; miscarriage. 

Pail'anfe, n. omission ; fault. 

Pairing, n. deficiency ; fault ; lapse. . ' 

Fail'ure, n. deficiency ; (lessation jcuwrs'sion ; 
insolvency ; a laps e ; it fat " 

Fain, o.O.-;/^;en)glad.— ad. gladly. 

Faint, v. ( Fr. faner) to decay ; to grow 
feeble ; to sink motionless and senseless, — 
a. languid ; weak ; cowardly ; dejected. 

Faint'jng, «. a swoon ; syncope. 

Pdint'ish, rt. somewhat faint. 

Faint'ish-ness, n. slight degree of faintness. 

Paint'ling, a. timorous ; feeble-minded. 

Paint'ly, ad. feebly ; languidly ; timorously. 

Fiiint'ness, n. the state of being faint. 

Pain'ty, a. weak ; feeble ; languid. 

Paint-heart'ed, a. timorous ; cowardly. 

Faint-heart'ed-ly, ad. timorously. 

Faint-heart'ed-ness, n. cowardice. 

Fair, a, (S. fcBger) beautiful ; white ; 

clear ; favourable ; equal ; just ; open ; 

mild ; civil.— dd. openly ; civilly ; gently ; 

equitably; on good terms.- n.the female sex. 
Fair'ly, ad. beautifully ; commodiously ; 

openly ; candidly ; justly ; completely. 
Fair'ness, n. beauty ; honesty ; clearness. 
Fair'spO-ken, a. civil ; courteous ; plausible. 

Fair, n. (L.foruml) a stated market. 
Fair'ing, n. a present given at a fair. 

Fair'y, n. (Fr. fee) a kind of fabled 
being or spirit ; an elf; an enchantress.— 
a. belonging to fairies ; given by fairies. 

Faitb, n. {L. fides) belief ; trnst ; con- 
fidence ; fidelity ; honour , sincerity ; doc- 
trine believed ; revealed truth. 

Faith'fai, a. firm in belief ; loyal ; constant ; 
upright; true; Worthy of belief. 

Faith'fai-ly, ad. in a faithful manner. 

Faith'ful-ness,n. honesty; veracity; loy.iltv. 

Faith'less, a. without faith; perfidious; dis- 
loyal ; false ; neglectful ; deceptive. 

Faith'less-ness, w. want of faith ; perfidy. 

Fa'kir, Fa'quir, n. (Ar.) a sort of 
wandering monk or dervis in India. 

Fid'fhion,n,{L.falx) a short crooked 

sword; a »cimitar. 
Fftl'cat-ed, a. bent like a sickle ; hooked, 
ral-ca'tion , n. crookedness ; form of a sickle. 

Fal'con, falcn, 71. (L. falco) a hawk 

trained for sport. 
Fui'con-er, n. one who trains hawks. 

rrU'con-ry, n, the art of training hawks. 
Fal'co-nCt, n. a sort of cannon. 

Fald'stool, n. (fold, stool'i) a stool o» 
which the king kneels at his coronation j 
the chair of a bishop within the altar ; « 

Fall, V. (S. feallan) to drop down ; to 
decline; to decrease; to sink ; to ebb; to 
die ; to happen : p. t. fell ; p. p. fallen. 

Fall, n. the act of falling; overthrow; de 
struction ; diminution ; cadence ; a cata* 
ract ; autumn. 

Fiill'er, n. one who falls. 

Fall'ing, n. act of falling ; that which falls. 

Fairing-slck-noss, n. epilepsy. 

Fal-la'fious, a. (L. fallo) producing 

mistake ; deceitful ; sophistical. 
Fal-la'fious-ly, ad. in a fallacious manner. 
Pal-la'^ious-ness, n. tendency to deceive. 
Fai'la-fy, n. deceitful argument ; sophism. 
Pal'len-yy, n. mistake ; error. 
Fal'li-ble, a. liable io error. 
Fal-li-bll'i-ty, n. liability to error. 

Fal'low,a.(S./ea/o)palered or yellow; 

plowed but not sown ; uncultivated. — n. 

land plowed but not sown.— «. to plow 

without sowing. 
Fai'low-ing, n. act of plowing without sowing. 
Fariow-ness, n. state of being fallow. 

False, a. ilu.falsiim) not true ; coun- 
terfeit ; unfaithfid ; dishonest ; treacher- 
ous ; unreal,— art. not truly ; not honestly, 

False'h66d,n.want of truth ; dishonesty; trea- 
chery ; a lie ; a false assertion ; counterfeit. 

Fiilsdhf, ad. not truly ; perfidiously. 

Fals^HKs, n. want of truth ; deceit; perfidy. 

Fal'^^Bki;. to prove false ; to counterfeit ; 
to WKKK) ; to tell lies. 

Fal-si-fi-ca'tion, n. the act of falsifying. 

Fal'si-tt-ca-tor, n. one who falsifies. 

Fiil'si-fi-er, n. one who falsifies. 

Fal'si-ty, n. an untruth ; a lie ; an error. 

Fal-set'to, n. (It.) a feigned voice. 

False'fafed, a. hypocritical; deceitful. 

FAlse'heart-cd, a, treacherous ; perfidioili 

False-heart'ed-ness, n. perfidiousness. 

Fal'ter, v. (L. fallo) to hesitate in 

speech ; to fail ; to tremble. 
Fiil'ter-ing, n. feebleness ; deficiency. 
Fal'ter-iiig-ly, ad. with hesitation or difliculty. 

Fame, n. (L./ama) renown; report; 

rumour. — r. to make famous j to report. 
Famed, p. a. renowned ; celebrated. 
Faiiie'le»8,<j. having no fame ; without renown. 
Fa'mous, a, renowned ; celebrated ; noted. 
Fa'mouscd, a. much talked of; renowned. 
Fa'mous-ly, ad. with great renown. 
Fa'mous-ncss, n. renown ; celebrity. 

Fam'i-ly, n. {L.familia) a household; 

a race ; a generation ; a class, 
Fa-mll'iar, a. domestic ; affable ; free j wcU 

known ; aecastomed ; common. — »i. an in« 

timate ; a demon. 
Fa-mll-i-ar'i-ty, n. intimate converse; ac« 

quaintance ; aflfabilfty ; easy intercourse. 
Fa-mll'iar-Ize, v. to make familiar. 
Fs-m11'iar-lVi ad^ in s. fiimiliir ms-nnep. 
Fam'i-lijm, n. the tenets of the familists. 

;abe, tab, fail ; cry, crypt, mfrrh; tOll, bOJ, eor, nOvvr, no«r; fedo, pm, raije, ejlst, tbW 




PSm^i-list, ,1. one of the sect called the family 
of love ; the master of a family. 

FSm'ine,/?. {L. fames) scarcity of food. 
Pam'ish, V. to die of hunger ; to starve. 
Pam'ish-ment, «. extreme hunger or thirst. 

Fan, n. (.S.fann) an instrument used 
by ladies to cool themselves ; an instru- 
ment used to winnow com. — v. to cool with 
a fan ; to ventilate ; to winnow. 

Fan'ner, n. one that fans. 

F.ln'cing, n. ventilation. 

Fa-nat'ic, Fa-n5t'i-cal, c. (.Gr.phaino) 

wildly enthusiastic. 
Fa-iiatlc, n. a wild enthusiast ; a visionary. 
Fa-nat'i-cal-ly, ad. with wild enthusiasm. 
Fa-nat'i-cal-ness, n. religious frenzy. 
Pa-nat'i-fijm, n. wild enthusiasm. 

Fan'9y, n. (Gr. phaino) the power of 

forming images m the mind ; a notion ; 

taste ; inclination ; whim.— u. to flguro in 

the mind ; to imagine ; to like. 
Fan'9i-fai> a. dictated or influenced by fancy; 

imaginative; visionary; whimsical. 
Pan'fi-ffll-ly, ad. in a fanciful manner. 
Fan'9i-fQl-ness, n. the being fanciful. 
Fan'fy-framed, a. created by fancy. 
Fan'9y-fr6e, a. free from the power of love. 
Fan'j;y-m6n-ger, n. one who deals in tricks 

of unagination. 
Fan'9y-stck, a. unsound in the imagination. 

Fane, n. (It.fanum) a temple. 

Fan'fare, n. (Fr.) a flourish of trumpets. 
Pan'fa-ron, n. a bully; a blusterer. 
Fan-fa-ro-nade', n. bluster ; parade ; boast. 
Fang, V. iS.fengan) to seize r toj|tch. 
— n. the tusk of an animal ; a claw|fl^on. 
Faiiged, a. furnished with fangs. JjHp 
FSng'less, a. without fangs ; tootSHr 

Fan'ele, n. {S.fengan) a silly attempt. 
Fan'gled, a. gaudy; ridiculously showy. 

Fan'nel, Fan'on, n. (Fr. fanoii) an 
ornament like a scarf, worn by a priest. 

Fjfa|'ta-sy, 11. (Gr. phaino) fancy; ima- 
gmatior. ; idea ; humour. — v. to like. 

Fan'tii-sied, a. filled with fanci' ,. 

Fan-tas'tie, Fan-tas'ti-cal, a. irrational ; 
imaginary ; fanciful ; whimsical ; capricious. 

Fan-tas'tic, n. a whimsical person. 

Fan-tas'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a fantastic manner. 

Fan-tas'ti-cal-ness, Fan-tfts'tic-ness, n. hu- 
morousness ; whimsicalness ; caprice. 

Fan-ias'tic-ly, orf. whimsically ; irrationally. 

Fan'tora. See Phantom. 

Fa'quir. See Fakir. 

F5r, a. (S. feor) distant ; remote. — 

ad. at a distance ; remotely ; in great part ; 
^by many degrees; to a certain point. 
FArmOst, a. most distant ; remotest. 
Fftr'ness, n. distance ; remoteness. 
Par'ther, a.morc remote.— ad.more remotely. 
F&r'thest, a. most distant or remote.— ad. at 

or to the greatest distance. 
jf&r'fetfhed, a. brought from a remote place; 

studiously soufeht ; lorced; stiained. 
Farce, v. (L. farcio) to stuff; to fill 

with mjngled inp-edients ; (o swell out.— 

Far'fi-cal, a. belonging to a farce ; ludicrou* 
Far'9i-cal-ly, ad. in a farcical manner. 
Far'9ing, n. stufiing ; forced meat. 

Fard, t>. ( Fr.f order) to paint ; to colour, 

Far'del, n. iFr. fardeau) a bundle ; a 
little pack. — v. (o make up in bundles. 

Fare,t». (S.faran) to go ; to pass : td 
travel ; to happen v.ell or ill ; to be in any 
state good or bad ; to feed ; to eat. — »». 
price of conveyance ; food ; provisions. 
Fare-weir,ad.adieu ; thepartingcompliment. 
Fare-well', Fare'wCll, n. leave; departure 
— a. leave-taking. 

Fa-rl'na, n. (L.) the pollen or fine 
dust in the anthers of plants ; Hour. 

Far-i-na'ceous, a. consisting of mea! or 
flour; containing meal ; like meal. 

Farm, n, (S. feorm) land let to a 
tenant ; land under cult! tion. — v. to lease 
or let ; to cultivate land. 

Farm'er, n. one who cultivates a farm. 

Farm'ing, n. cultivation of land. 

Far-ra'go, n. (L.) a medley. 
Far-rag'i-nous,a.formed of various materials. 

Far'ri-cr, n. (L.ferrum) one who shots 

horses ; one who cures dise€n;ies of horses. 
Far'ri-cr- y, n. the business of a farrier. 

Far'row, n. (S.fearh) a litter of pigs. 

— V. to bring forth pigs. 

Far'tlier. See under Far. 

Far'thing, n. (S. feorih) the fourth 

part of a penny. 
Far'thingj- worth, n. as much as is sold for a 


Far'thin-galc, to. (Fr. vertugade) a 
hoop to spread the petticoat. 

Fas'yes, n. pi. (L.) rods tied up in a 
bundle, anciently carried before the lloraan 
consuls as a mark of authority. 

Fas'9i-cle, »i. a bundle ; a collection. 

Fas-9ine', n. a fagot. 

Fas-fi-a'tion, n. (L. /o.9cia) bandage. 

Fas'ci-nate,u. {Xi.fascino) to bewitch, 
to enchant ; to charm ; to captivate. 

Fas-9i-na'tion, n. the power or act of be- 
witching ; inexplicable influence. 

Fasli'ion, fash'un,TO. (L./acJo) make ; 

form ; mode ; custom ; general practice ; 

rank.— «. to form; to mouid ; to adapt. 
Fash'ion-a-ble, a. made according to the 

prevailing mode ; estab'-iehed by custom ; 

observant of the fashion ; genteei. 
Fash'ion-a-ble-ness, n. modish elegance. 
Fash'ion-a-bly, ad. in a fashionable manner. 
Fftsh'ion-er, n. one who forms or shapes. 
Fash'ion-m6n-ger,M.ono who studies fashions. 

Fast, V. (S. fastaii) to abstain from 
fond ; to mortify the body by religious ab- 
stinenee. — n. abstinence from food ; re!i« 
gious humiliation ; time of fasting. 

Fast'er, n. one who abstains from food. 

Fast'in.;, u. religious abstinence. 

FastM:;y, Fast'ing-day, n. day of rellgioui 

Fata, fat, tkt, U!l ; mc, met, thfiro, her ; pine, ptn, field, fir; note. nOt, nor, mOTCi 

•■I ton' 




FSst, a. (.S.feEst) firm ; strong ; fixed ; 

sound.— a</. lirmly j closely ; nearly. 
Past'en, ffls>'tn, v. to make fast; to niake 

firm; to hold together; to cement ; to iink. 
Fcls'tcn-ing, n. that which fastens. 
Fflst'ly, arf. surely ; firmly; closely. 
Fast'ncss, n.the state of being fast ; strength ; 

security ; a strong place. 
F.lst'liand-ed, a. avaricious ; coTCtous. 

Fast, a. (W. /est) speedy ; quick ; 
swift.— iwJ. swiftly ; quicldy ; frequently. 

Faa-tid'i-ou3, a. CL.fastus) disdainful ; 

squeamish ; nice ; difficult to please. 
Fa3-tld'i-ous-ly,ad.disdainfully; squeamishly. 
Fas-tld'i-ous-ness, n. disdainfulness.'tu-ous, a. proud ; haughty. 
l''fts'tu-ous-ly, ad. proudly ; haughtily. 
FAs'tu-ous-nei i, n. pride ; haughtiness. 

tigium) roofed ; narrowed to the top. 

Fat, a. (S.fatt) plump ; fleshy ; gross ; 

rich. — n. the unctuous part of animal flesh ; 

the best or richest part of any thing. — v. to 

make or grow fat. 
Fat'ling, n. a young animal fed for slaughter. 
Pat'ner, FSt'ten-er, n. one that fattens. 
Fat'ness, n. the quality of being fat. 
P.I t' ten, V. to make or grow fat. 
Fat'ty, a. having the qualities of fat. 
Fiit'ti-ness, n. grossness ; greasiness. 
Fat'l)rained, a. dull of apprehension. 
Fat'wit-ted, a. heavy; dull; stupid. 

Fat. See Vat. 

Fate, n. (L, fatum) destiny ; final 
event ; death ; destruction ; cause of death. 

Pa'tal, a. deadly; mortal; destructive. 

FP'tal-ijm, n. doctrine of inevitable necessity. 

F.i'tal-ist, n. one who believes in fatalism. 

Fa-tal'i-ty, n. invincible necessity ; decree of 
fate ; tendency to danger ; mortality. 

FiVtal-ly, ad. mortally ; destructively. 

Fat'ed, a. decreed by fate ; destined. 

Fate'faij «. bearing fatal power. 

Fa-tld'i-cal, a. having power to foretell. 

Fa'thor, n. (S. fader) the male parent ; 
the lirst ancestor; one who creates, in- 
vents, or forms ; one who acts with paternal 
care; one reve.end for age, learning, or 
piety ; the First Person of the Trinity. — 
V. to adopt i to own as a child ; to ascribe 
to any one as his offspring or production. 

Fa'thcr-h66d, n. the state of being a father. 

l-'ii'ther-less, a. without a father. 

Fa'ther-ly, a. like a father ; paternal ; tender. 
— ad. in the manner of a father. 

F;Vther-li-ness, n. the tenderness of a father. 

Fa'ther-in-law, n. the father of one's husband 
or wife. 

j'ii'mi 0, meaiiure 
tbt flepth of; to 

Fath'om, n. (S. ft^ 

of six feet. — V, to tr; 

sound ; to penetrate. 
Path'om-a-ble, a. that ur j oe fathomed. 
Fath'om-less, a, that cannot be fathomed. 

Fa-tiguo', V. (L.faHffo'> to weary ; to 
tiro.— «. weariness ; lassitude ; toil. 

Pat'i-gatc, V. to weary a. wearied. 

i!'at-i-ga'tion, ft. weariness. 

Fat'u-ous, a. {L.faluus) weak ; Billy, 

Fa-tQ'i-ty, n. weakness of mind ; imbecility, 

Fau'jet, n. i^Vr.fnuiset) a pipe inserted 
in a vessel to give vent to liquor. 

Fau'^^iion. Faul'f Aion. See Falchion.. 

Faugh, fa, int. (S./aA) an interjection 
of abhorrence. 

Faurcon. See Falcon. 

Fault, n. (L. fallo) ofience ; slighl 

cri'/ie; defect. — v. to charge with a fault. 
Fault'er, n. one who commits a fauh, 
Fault'fiil, a. full of fau'ts or sins. 
Fauh'less, a. without fault ; perfect. 
Fiiult'less-ness, n. freedom from faults. 
Fault'y, a, guilty of fault ; wrong ; defectiTe. 
Fiiult'i-ly, ad. defectively ; erroneously. 
Fault'i-ness, n. badness ; defect. 
Fault'flnd-er, n. a censurer ; an objector. 

Faun, n. {L. faunus) a rural deity. 
Faun'ist, n. one who pursues rural studies. 

Fa-villous, a. (L.favilla) consisting 
of ashes; resembling ashes. 

FiVvour, V. (L. faveo) to regard with 

kindness; to support; to countenance; to 

assist. — n.kind'iess; support; lenity; good 

will ; advantage ; any thing worn as a token. 

Fa'vour-a-ble, a. kind ; propitious ; friendly ; 

convenient ; advantageous. 
Fa'vour-a-ble-ness, n. kindness ; benignity. 
Fa'vour-a-bly, ad, with favour ; kindly. 
Fa'voured, p. a. regarded nith kindness; 

Fa'voured-ness, n. appearance, 
■er, n. one who fav^iurs. 
jte, n. a person or tljing regarded 
lur. — a. regarded with favour. 
(i|m,M. act of favouring ; partiality. 
!ss,a. without favour; unpropitious, 
I. a favourer ; a supporter. 
Fau'tress, n, a female favourer. 

Fawn, n. (Fr. faon) a young deer. — 
V. to bring forth a fawn. 

Fawn, «. iS.fagnian) to court ■trv- 

ilely ; to cringe.-^, a servile cringe. 
Fiiwn'er, n. one who fawns. 
Pawn'ing, n, gross or low flattery. 
Fawn'ing-ly, ad. in a cringing serN ile way. 

Fay, n. (Ft. fee) a fairy ; an elf. 

Fe'al-ty, n. (L. fides) duty to a supe- 
rior lord ; loyolty. 

Fear, n. (S.fair) ^read ; terror ; awe ; 
anxiety; the cause or object of fear. — v. to 
make or be .afraid ; to dread ; to reverence. 

Fear'ful, a. timorous ; afraid ; terrible. 

FearTftl-ly, ad. timorously ; terribly. 

Fear'fiU-ness, n. timorousness ; awe ; dread. 

Fear'less, i. free from fear ; intrepid. 

FCar'less-ly, ad. without fear ; intrepidly. 

Fcar'less-ness, n. freedom from fear ; couragei 

Fea'si"bIo,a.(L./acio)that may be done. 
Fea-si-btl'i-ty, n. the being practicable. 
FOa'.^i-ble-ness, n. practicability. 
FOa'ji-bly, ad. practicably. 

Feast, n. {h.festum) !t sumptuous en- 
tertainm'int ; Bomeviiing uolicioua to itii . 

tabe, tflb, fOU ; crj, erf ^it, cf rrh f tOIl. bfi?, Oflr, iiaw,new! cede, gem, raije, e?i«t, tftta 




palate ; a ceremony of rejoicing ; a festival. 

— ». to eat or entertain sumptuously ; to 

clelisht ; to pamper. 
Ffast'er, n. one who feaats. 
Pcast'fQI, a. festive; joyful; luxurious. 
t f-ast Hig, n. an entertainment ; a treat. 
Fc-asfnte, n. custom observed at feasts. 

Feat, n. (L. factum) an act ; a deed ; 

an exploit; a trick.— a. ready; skilful; 

neat — r. to form ; to fashion. " 
Feat'ly, ad. neatly ; dexterously. 

Feath'er, n. ( the plume of 
birds ; species ; an ornament.— v. to dress 
or cover with feathers ; to enrich ; to adorn. 

reath'ered, a. clothed or fitted with leathers : 
swift; winged; smoothed. 

FCatli'er-less, a. having no feathers. 

F6ath'er-ly, a. resemuling a feather. 

FCath'er-y, a. clothed or covered with feath- 
ers ; resembling a feather. 

Feath'er-bed, n. a bed stuffed with feathers, 

Feath er-drlv-er, n. one who cleans feathers, 

Feat ure, n. (L. factum) the cast or 

make of the face ; a lineament. 
Feat'ured, a. having features. 

Feb'rile, Fe^riio, a. (L. febris) per- 
taining to fever ; indicating fever, 

Fe-brlf'ic, a. tending ;o produce fever. 

FCb'ri-fQ^e, n, a nie ' cine to allav fever.— 
a. having power to oure fe'/er. 

Feb'rii-a-ry, n. (L.febrao) the second 

month in the year. 
F#b-ru-a'tion, n. purification. 

Fe'ces,n./)/.( L./<BceA)dregs ; excrement. 
FCc'u-lenfe, Pec'u-Ien-?y, n. mudtoess - 

sediment ; lees ; dregs. 
PCc'u-lent, a. foul ; dreggy ; mu< 

Fec'und, a. (L.fmcundus) , 

Fe-cOn'date, v. to make frnitfuf gl'^BWiflc, 
Fec-un-da'tion, n. act of making fruitful. 
Fe-cQn'di-ty, n. fruitfulness ; prolifipness. 
Fed, p. t. and p. p. of feed. 

Fed'er-al, a. (L.fcedus) pertaining to 

Wfeague or contract. 
Fed'a-ry, P6d'er-a-ry, ». a confederate ; an 

acconiplice ; a partner. 
Ped'er-ate, a. leagued ; joined in confederacy. 
Fed er-a-tive, a. joining in league ; uniting. 
FCd'Or-a'tion, M. a league. 

Fed'i-ty, n. (L.fwdus) baseness. 

Fi"e, n. (S. feoh) reward ; recompense; 
payment; a tenure by which property Is 
heId..;-t).to reward ; to pay; to bribe ; to liire. 

Fee'farm, n. tenure by which lands are held. 

Fee'ble, n. (Fr. foible) weak ; infirm. 
Pee ble-ness, n. weakness; inflrniitv. 
Pee'bly, ad. weakly ; without strength. 
Fee'ble-mlnd-ed, a. weaJc of mind. 

t'eed, V. (.S.fedan) to supply with food; 
to take food ; to nourish ; to supply • to 
grasc; to delight ; to prey : p. t and p.p. fed. 

I- eed, n. that which Is etten ; act of eating. 

Feed'er, n. one that feeds. 

Fccd'ing. n. pasture. 

Feel, «. (S.felan) to perceive by the 

touch ; to 1 e affected ; to ihave the arns* 
of ; to try ; t ) experience : p.t. and p.p. felt 

Feci, n. the sense of feeling ; the touch. 

Peel'er, n. one that feels ; horn of an insect. 

F ecl'ing, p. a. expressive of sensibility ; easily 
affected.— n. the sense of touch; percep- 
tion ; sensibility. 

Feel'ing-ly, ad. in a feeling manner. 

Feet, pi. oifoot. 

Feet'less, a. being without feet. 

Feign,f4in,?;. (L./in^o) to invent ; tor*- 
late falsely ; to make a show of ; to pretend. 
Feign'ed-ly, ad. in fiction ; not truly. 
Feign'ed-ness, n. fiction ; deceit. 
Feign'er, n. one who feigns. 
Feign'ing, n. a false appearance. 
Feign'ing-ly, ad. with false appearance. 
Feint, n. a false appearance ; a mock assjiult. 

Fe-ITc'i-tate, v. (L. felix) to mak« 
happy ; to congratulate.— a. made happy. 
Fe- 19-1-ta'tion, n. congratulation. 
Fe-119'i-tous, a. happy; prosperous. 
Fe-lif'i-tous-ly, ad. happily. 
Fe-119'i-ty, n. happiness ; prosperity. 

Feline, a. Ol'felis) like a cat: per- 
taining to a cat. 

Fell, rt. (S.) cruel ; inhuman ; savage, 
Fei'ness.M. cruelty; savagenoss; fury. 
Fei ly, ad. cruelly ; inhumanly ; savagely. 

Fell, n. (Ger. fels) a hill ; a mountain. 
Fell, n. (S.) a skin ; a hide. 
Fell'mon-ger, n. a dealer in hides. 

Fell,u. (.S.fyllan)to knock orcutdowD. 
t eil er, n. one who knocks or cuts down. 
Fell, p. t. of fall. 

FeHoe, Felly, n. (S./eelga) the out- 
ward part or rim of a wheel. 

Fel'low, n. {Q. felag) a companion; 
an associate ; an equal ; one like to an- 
other ; a inean person ; a privileged mem- 
ber of a college.-«. to suit with ; to match.- 

b ei low-ship, n. companionship ; association ; 
partnership ; frequency of intercourse ; 
social pleasure ; establishment in a college. 

F6 'low-iike, FCl'low-ly.o. like a companion. 

I-ei-low-yit'i-zen, n. one who belongs to the 
same city or state. 

F61-low-c6m'mo-ner, n. one who has the 
same right of common ; a commoner at a 
university who dines with the fellows. 

FCl-low-coon'sel-lor, n. a member of the 
same council. 

Fel-low-crea'ture, n. one who has the same 
I creator. 

FSl-low-feel'ing, n. sympathy ; joint Interest 
1 Fel-low-hSir', n. a partner of the same in- 
i hCi'itancj ; a coheir. 
Fei-low-help'er, ». one who concur., or helps 

In the same business. 
Fei-low-la'hour-er, n. one who labours in 

the same business or desfgn. 
Fei-low-mem'ber, n. a member of the same 

body or society. 
Fei-low-min'is-ter, n. one who serves the 

same office. 
Fei-low-peer' n. one who enjoys the same 

privileges of nobility. ^^ 

Fate, fat, far, faU ; me, met, thfire, h6r j pine, p!n, t\m, fir : 

note, not, nor, mOve, sde j 




F«l-low-prt}'on-er, n. one confined in tlie 
tnmc prison. 

Pei-low-schorar, n. one who studies in com- 
pany with anotlier. 

FDl-low-s6r'»ant, n. one wlio serves tlie same 

Fei-low-sOl'dier, n. one who fights under the 
same commander. 

FCl-low-sta'dent, n. one who studies in com- 
pany with another. 

Pei-low-sab ject, n. one who lives under the 
same government. 

Fel-low-sOf fer-er, n. one who saares in the 
same evils. 

Fei-low-trav'ol-ler, n. one who travels in 
conipanjr with another. 

Fel-low-work'er, n. one employed in the 
same occupation or design. 

Fdl-low-wrlt'er, n. one who writes at the 
same time, or on the same subject. 

Fel'on, n. (Fr.) one guilty of felony. — 
a. cruet ; fierce ; malignant ; traitorous. 

Pe-lO'ni-ous.a.wiclted ; malicious ; perfidious. 

Pe-lo'ni-ous-ly, ad. in a felonious manner. 

FC!'o-ny, n. a crime which incurs the for- 
feiture of life or property ; a capital crime ; 
an enormous crime. 

Felt, p. t. and p. p. oifeel. 

Felt, n. (S.) cloth or stuff made with- 
out weaving.— w. to unite without weaving. 
FOlt'er, V. to clot together like felt. 
Fclt'mak-er, n. one who makes felt. 

Fe-luc'ca, n. (It.) a small open boat. 

Fe'raalo,7i. (h.fcmina) one of the sex 
that brings forth young.— a. not male. 

FGni-i-nal'i-ty, n. tlie female nature. 

FSm'i-nine, a. relating to females ; soft ; 
tender ; delicate. 

Feme-co-v6rt', n. e. married woman. 

Fem'o-rRl, a. (L. femur) belonging to 
the tlii^h. 

Fen, n. iS.fenn) a marsh ; a bog. 
Fen'ny, a. marshy ; boggy. 

Fenge, n. (L. defendo) guard ; iu- 
elosure ; a mound ; a hedge ; the art of 
fencing ; skill in defence.— v. to guard ; to 
inclose ; to fortify ; to practise fencing. 

FCnge'fOl, a. aflfording protection. 

Fcnce'less, a, without inclosure ; open. 

Fen'^cer, n. one who practises fencing. 

Fen'fi-ble, a. capable of defence. 

FCn'ving, n. the"art of defence by weapons. 

FOn'fing-mfts-ter, n. a te.icher of fencing. 

Fen'ying-schbOl, n. a school where fencing 
is taught. 

Fend, V. to keep o(T; to shut out ; to dispute, 

FCnd'er, n, a utensil placed before the tire. 

Fen-er-a'tion, n. (L./cewws) usury. 

Fe-nes'tral, a. (L. /t'wesfra) belonging 
to windows. 

Fen'nel, n. {S.fenol) a plant. 

Food, fQd. See Feud. 

Feoff, V. (L.Jides) to put in possession; 

to invest with right. 
PCof-feC, n, one put in possession. 
pArjflF''t*^c»»*f _ jj^ t^£^ lii't of lyriiiitinu nc5i-°Gssion. 

Fe-ra'cious, a. (L.fero) fruitful. 
Fe-ra9'i-ty, n. fruitfufness ; fertility. 


Fer'e-to-ry, n. (L. feretrum) a place 
for a bier. 

Fe'ri-al, a. (L. ferice) pertaining to 

hoi' .ays, or to common days. 
PO-ri-a'tion, n. the act of keeping holiday. 

Fe'rine, a. (Jj.ferd) wild ; savage. 
Pe-rlne'ness, n. wildness ; savageness. 
Pfir'i-ty, n. cruelty ; barbarity ; wlldueag. 

Fer-ment', v. (L. ferveo) t» excite 
internal motion ; to work ; to effervesce. 

FtVment, n. internal motion ; tumult; yeast. 

Fer-men-ta'tion, n. an internal motion ot 
the small particles of a mixed body. 

Fer-ment'a-tive, a. causing fermentation. 

Fern, n. (S. fearn) a plant. 
F6m'y, a, overgrown with fern. 

Fe-ro'yious, a. ili.ferox) fierce ; savage. 
Fe-rO'9ious-ly, ad. in a savage manner. 
Fe-r(J'9ious-ness, n. fierceness ; savageness. 
Fe-r09'i-ty, n. fierceness ; savageness. 

Fer're-ous, a. (L. /errum) pertaining 
to iron ; like iron ; made of iron. 

Fer-rD'gi-nous, Ffir-ru-^ln'e-ous, a. partak- 
ing of iron ; containing particles of iron. 

F€r'rule,n.a metal ring to Keep from cracking. 

Fcr'ret, n. (L. viverra) an animal of 
the weasel kind.— r. to drive out of lurking 

'er'ry, v. iS.faran) to carry or pasg 
' [Ver water in a boat. — n. the place where a 
\,t passes over water. 


•man, n. one who keeps a ferry. 

Fer'tile,a.(L./(?ro) fruitful ; abundant. 
Fir'tilo-ness, n. fruitfulness ; fecundity. 
Per-tll'i-ty, n. fruitfulness ; abundance. 
F6r'til-Izt, V, to make fruitful. 

Fer'u-la, Fer'ule, n. (L. ferula) an in- 

Fcs'vcnt, a, ih. ferveo) hot ; boiling j 

velinnient ; ardent ; earnest. 
P^r'ven-vy, n. heat of mind ; ardour ; iseal. 
Fer'vent-ly,ad.ardently; vehemently; eagerly. 
Fer'vent-ness, n. ardour; zeal. 
Fer'vid, a. hot ; burning ; vehement. 
Fer'vid-ness, n. ardour of mind ; zeal. 
Fer'vour, n. heat ; warmth ; zoal ; ardaur. 

Fes'9en-nTne, n. (L. Fescennia) a 
licentious song. — a. licentious. 

Fes'cue, n. ih.fesiuca) a small wire 
to point out tlic letters to children learning 
to read. 

Fes'tal, a. (L. festum) pertaining to a 

feast ; joyous ; gay ; mirthful. 
FCs'tival, a. pertaining to a feast; joyous; 

mirthful.- n. a time of feasting and joy. 
PCs'tive, a. relating to a feast ; joyous ; gay 
Fea-tlv'i-ty, n. social joy ; gaiety ; mirth. 

Ppa'hor. 11. in r.inkle : to corrunt. 


• nbe, tab, fail; crj.crjpt.mifrrh; toil, b6y,oar,n0\v', new; 9flde, f em, rai^e, ejist, ihin 





Fcs-t(V)n', n. iVr.feston) m\ ornament 
in the form of a wreath. 

F(fs'tu-5Tnc, a. (h.festuca) of a straw- 
colour, botwoen Kreeu and yi:!Jow. 
Pcs-ta'cou«, a. formod of striiw. 

Fctrh, V. (S.feccan) to go and bring! 
to pni. J ; to draw ; to rt-acn. 

F(St^h,n. {S.J'acen) a trick ; an artifice. 

Fct'id, a. (h.fwteo) liaving a strong 

nnd olTonslve 8incll ; ninci<l. 
FC'tor, n. a stroiii; aiid olTuiisive smoll. 

Ftftlock, M. (feet, hck) a lock of hair 
that grows buhind thu pastern Joints of 

Fet'tor, n. (S. fiCter) a chain for tho 

fuet.— V. to bnuf ; to enchain ; to tie. 
PCt'ter-loss, a. free from reatiaint. 

Fe'tu>i, n. (L.) an animal yet in tho 
womb ; any thing unborn. 

Feud, n. (.S.ftehthe) a deadly qiiarrel. 

Feud, n. {\j. fides) a right to land on 

condition of military service. 
FoQ'dnl, a. pertaining to feuds; relating to 

tenures by military service. 
Pcfi'dal-ijm, n. the feudal sysitcm. 
Feu-dal'i-ty, «. feudal form or constitution. 
Feft'da-ry, a. holding land of a superior. 
I'V'Q'da-ta-ry, Foa'da-to-ry, n. one wlio holds 

land on condition of military service. 
Fou'dist, n. a writer on feuds or tenures. 

Fen'ille-mCrto, 7i.(Fr.)the colour of a 
faded loaf; a yellowish-brown colour. 

Fo'ver,n. (L./rirw) a disease cha: 
terized by quick pulse, increased heat, 
thirst. — V. to put into a fever. 

Fe'ver-ish, a. diseased with fever, 
to fever ; hot ; burning ; inconstant 

FO'ver-ish-noss, »i. tendency to fover. 

Fe'ver-oUfS, a. affected with fever. 

Fe'ver-ous-ly, ad. in a feverish manner 

Pe'ver-y, a. diseased with fever. 

Few, a. (S. feawa) not many. 
Few'ness, m. smallness of number. 

Few'eL See Fuel. 

Fi'an9e, v. iL. fido) to botrotk 

Fi'at, n. (L.) an order ; a decree. 

Fib, n. (L.fabu/a) a lie ; a falsehood. 
— tt to tell lies ; to speak falsely. 

Fi'bre, n. (L.fibra) a small thread or 

string ; a filament. 
Pi'bril, tu a small fibre. 
Jri-brll'lous, a. relating to flbreg, 
Fl'brous, a. composed of libres. 

FicTcIe, a. (S. ficol) changeable ; in- 
constant; wavering; unsteady. 
Pic'kle-ness, n. changeableness ; uiconstancy. 
Pick'ly, ad. without firmness or steadiness. 

Fic'tion, n. {L.fictum) the act of fcign- 
ing or inventing ; an invented story ; a lie. 

Fictile, a. moulded into form. 

Fic'tious, a. invented ; imaginary. 

Fic-tl'tious, a. counterfeit ; Ailse ; imaginary ; 
not real ; not true ; alUgorical. 


FIc-tt'tlous-ly, ad. falsely ; counterfeitljr. 
Fic-tT'tious-ness, n. feigned reprosentatioo. 
Fic'tive, a. feigned ; imaginary. 

Fid'dlo, n. (S.filliele) a ptringod iiv 
strument ; a violin.— v. to play on a tlddla 
Pid'dler, n. one who plays t,.' a liddle. 
Fld'illo-stlck, n. a bow used bv a Hddlot. 
Pld'dlo-strlng, n. tho string 0/ a llddlo. 
Fld'dlc-fad'dlo, n. trine8.-<i. trifling. 

Fi-d21'i-ty, n. {L. fides) faithfulness; 

loyalty : honesty ; Twaclty. 
Fl-dQ'fial, a, contident ; undoubtlng. 
Fl-da'9ial-ly, ad. cunHilently ; undoiibtlngly. 
Fi-da'fi-a-ry, a. confident ; undoubtlng ; 

held in trust.— -n. ouo who holds In trust. 

Fid^e, Fid'^et, v. (Svr.fika) to move 

about In fits and starts ; to bo restless. 
Fld'^et, n. irregular motion ; restlessness. 
Fid'pt-y, a. restless ; impatient. 

Fiijf, n. (Ij, fides) an estate held on 
condition of military service. 

Field, n. {S.fcld) a piece of land in- 
closed for tillage or pasture; tho grount* 
of battle ; space ; compass ; extent. 

FiOld'ed, a. being in field of battle. 

FiCld'bed, n. a bod for tho field. 

Field'faro, fCl'fure, w. a bird. 

Field indr-s!ial,n. the commander of an army; 
an officer of the highest military rank. 

Field'mOOso.M, amoiise thatlives in tho tlelds. 

FiCld'Of-fl-yer, »». an officer above tho rank 
of captain. 

Field'pie9e, n. a small cannon used in battle. 

FiCld'preayh-er, «. one who preaches in the 
open air. 

Pield'pr6a9h-lng, «. tBe act of preaching in 
the open air. 

FiOld'rOOm, n. open space. 

FiC'ld'spOrts, «. pi. shooting and hunting. 

Fiend, »t, iS.feond) a deadly enemy ; 

the devil ; an infernal being. 
FiCnd'fai, a. full of devilish practices. 
Fiend'ish, a. having the qualities of a fiend. 
Fic-nd'ish-ness, n. the quality of a fiend. 
FiOnd'llko, a. rescmbliug a llcnd. 

Fierce, a. (L./<?roar) savage; ravenou.s; 

violent ; furious ; vehement. 
FiC-rye'ly, t'd. violently ; furiously. 
FiCrf e'ness, n. savageness ; fury ; violence. 

Fi'er-y. See under Fire. 

Fife, n. (Fr. fifre) a small pipe or flute. 
Fif'er, n. one who plays on a nfe. 

Fifth. See under Five. 

Fig, n. (L.ficus) a tree, and its fruit. 
Fig'leaf, n. the leaf of the tig-tree. 

Fight, fit, V. (S.feohtan) to contend 
in battle ; to war against : to coml)at ; ta 
strive ; to struggle : p. t. and p. p. fought. 

Fight, n. a battle ; a combat. 

Fight'er, n. one who fights. 

Flght'ing, P.O. fit for battle.— n. contention. 

FTg'meut, n. {L.fingo) an invention. 

Fig'ure, n. (L. fiiiffo) form ; shape 
semblance; a statue ; an image; eminence, 
splendour : a cho.riictey denotinij a number 

rate, fat, fdr, fall ; mc? niCt, there, Mr; pino, pin, field, fir; u.lte, nOt, nOr, mdve, son" 




a (llftRTaiu ; a tyjio ; n modo of spoaklng or 
writing. — v. to form into any sliapo ; to 
show oy a rtisciuMaiice ; to udorn with 
llgiires; to iinagino; to luuku ligurcs; to 
bo distinguishud. 

FTg'u-ru-ble, a. capable of being formed. 

Flg'ti-ral, a. represented l)y llgure. 

Flg'u-nito, a. having a dutcruiinato form. 

Fig'ii-rat-cd, a, of a detcrininato form. 

Flg-u-ra'tion, n. act of giving u certain form. 

Flg'u-ra-ti vo, a. representing something else ; 
typical : mctaphoridi ; full of tlgures. 

Fig'u-ra-tive-ly, ad. by a figure; not literally. 

Flg'ured, p. a. adorned with figures. 

Kig'u ring, n. tlie act of making figures. 

Flg'u-riat, n. one who makes figures. 

Fig'u'e-cast-er, n. a pretender to astrology. 

Fi-lil'yeous, a. {L.fllum) consisting of 

tlireadg ; composetf of threads. 
FU'a-mcnt, n. a slender thread ; a fibre. 
FU-a-mCnt'ous, a. like a slender thread. 
FU'aii-der;, n. a disease in hawks. 

Fil'bort, 71. a species of hazel nut. 

F\\fh, V. to steal ; to pilfer ; to rob. 
FlUA'er, n. a thief; a petty robber. 

File, n. ili.filum) a lino or wire on 
which papers are strung ; a roll ; a scries ; 
a lino of soldiers.— r. to string on a lino or 
wire ; to march in tile. 

File, n. (S. fcol) an instrument for 

smoothing and polishing.— u. to smooth. 
FU'ingj, n. pi. particles rubbed off by a file. 
FUe'cat-ter, n. a maker of files. 

Fire-mot. See Fcuille-morte. 

Fil'ial, a. (L. films') pertaining to a 

son or daughter ; befitting a child. 
I''U'ial-ly, ad. as becomes a son or daughter. 

Fil'i-grane, Fil'i-grec, n. (L. fihm, 
granum\ delicate work in gold and silver, 
in the manner of threads or grains. 

Fill, V. (Si.fyllaii) to make or grow 
full; to satisfy; to glut; to store; to 
occupy. — n. as much as fills or satisfies. 

Ftll'er, n. one that fills. 

FlU'ing, n. a making full ; supply. 

Fil'Ict, n. (L. filurn) a band for the 
liair ; a bandage ; the fleshy part of the 
thigh.— ». to bind with a bandage or fillet. 

Fil'li-beg,n. (.Ga^ol. filkadhybeg) a dress 
reaching only to the knees, worn in the 
Highlands ol Scotland instead of breeches. 

Fil'lip, V to strike Tvitli the nail of 
the finger— n. a jerk of the finger from the 

Fil'Iy, n. i\Y.Jilau'(/) a young mare; 
a flirt. 

Film, «. (S.) a thin skin or pellicle. — 

V. to cover with a thin sliin or pellicle. 
Pll'my, a. composed of pellicles. 

Fil'ter,n. iS.felt) a strainer for clear- 
ing liquids.— 1-. to strain ; to percolate. 
Fll'trate, v. to strain ; to percolate. 
Fii-tia'tiuii, It. the act 01' piucoss 01 filtering. 

Ftlth, n. (h.ff/llh) dirt; nastineflB. 
Fdth'y, a. nasty; foul ; polluted. 
Fllth'i-ly, ad. nastily ; fouUy ; grossly. 
FUth'i-ncsB, n. nastincss ; foulness ; poUution, 

FTm'bri-ato, v. (L, fimbria) to fringe. 

Fin, n. (S.) the member by which a fisli 
balances its body and movos in tho water. 

Fln'lcss, a. without fins. 

Fin'liko, a. rcsoinbling a fin. 

Finned, a. having fins. 

F'n'ny, u. furnished with fins. 

FTn'f60t-cd, Fln'tOcd, a. having a mem* 
brane between the toes. 

Fin'a-blo. Sec under Fine. 

Fl'nal. See under Fine. 

Fi-iiJln9o', n. (Fr.) revenue; income. 
Fi-nan\'ial, a. respecting finance. 
Fi-nftn'^iCr, n. one who understands or 
man.ages tho public revenue. 

FinpA, n. iS. fine) a small bird. 

Find, V. (S. findan) to obtain by 
searching or seeking ; to discover ; to gain ; 
to como to ; to meet with ; '-^ determine by 
verdict ; to furnish : p. t. auu p. p. fOQnd. 

Flnd'cr, n. one who finds. 

Flnd'ing, n. discovery ; verdict of a jury. 

Find'fuult, n. a censurcr ; a caviller. 

Fine, a. (Fr. fin) small ; thin ; not 
coarse; pure;' keen; nice; artful; ele- 
gant ; shovy.— V. to purify. 
Fine'ly, ad. beautifully ; elegantly ; well. 
Fine'ness, n. elegance ; delicacy ; purity. 
Fin'er, n. one who purifies metals. 
I'er-y, n. show ; s^plendour ; gaiety. 
e', n. artifice ; stratagem. 
1, a, nice in trifles ; ifoppish. 
l-ness, n. extreme nicety ; foppery. 
Ftnc'spO-ken, a. using fine phrases. 
Flne'spQn, a. ingeniously contrived ; minute. 

Fine, n. (L. /mis?) a pecuniary pun- 
ishment ; a mulct. — v. to impose a fine. 
Fm'a-ble, a. admitting or deserving a fine. 

Fine.n. CL. finis) the end; conclusion. 
Fl'nal, a. last ; conclusive ; mortal. 
Fl'nal-ly,acf.Iastlv; in conclusion ; completely, 
Fi-na'le, n. the close ; the last piece. 
Fine'lcss, a. endless ; boundless. 
Fln'ish, V. to biiiig to an end ; to complete ; ti. 
perfect.— n. the last touch ; the last polish. 
Fln'ish-er, n. one who finishes. 
FTn'ish-ing, n. completion ; the last touch. 
Fl'nlte, a. limited ; bounded ; terminated. 
Fl'nlte-less, a. without bounds ; unlimited. 
Fl'nitc-ly, ad. within certaii iuiits. 
Fl'nitc-ness, n. limitation. 

Fin'ger, n. (S.) one of the cxtronio 
parts of the hand; tho hand; a snial] 
measure.— r. to touch lightly ; to handlu ; 
to pilfer ; to play on an instrument. 
Fln'gered, a. having fingers. 
FIn'ger-ing, n. the act of touching lightly; thf 
manner of touching an instrument of music. 
, Fln'ger-board, n. tho board at the neck of 8 
I musical instrument, where tho fingers act 
' on tho strings. 

tube-, tab, fftll ; cry, cr Jpt, mjrrh ; i&Tl, bti?, «ur, n6w, new ; sede, pn, raije, e^ist, thin 



FIR 104 

Hr, n. iW.fyrr) tho namo of a troo. 

Firo, n, (S./yr) tho i^tif>oiiR olemont ; 
ftnytlilnKbiirnliiR; aconflivjfration; tlirnoj 

liRlit ; lustro ; iinlour ; ipirii, j iUiMion 

V. to net on (Irt) ; ti> take Arv ; to kiiiUlu ; 
to iiillniuo ; to dinilinrifo Hrcnmis. 

)• Ir'er, f». oiui who not«on llro ; an Incoiidlnry. 

Fir Ing, H, fuel ; tllsclmrKo nf Hreariiit. 

1' Jro'Aniij, n. pi. gunn, tiuiHkots, &c. 

J' Iro'hiill, n. a ball Jiilod with cotnbiistlhleii. 

Flro'lTftiid, n. a picco of wood kliidlwl , an 
Incendiary; oiio who intlanien factions. 

Flro'brOsh, n. a brush to swcop the hearth. 

J'lro'drflko, »i. a Uory norpent ; an iKiiis fatiiUH. 

Firo'f n-yino, «. a mnchiuo to oxtioKuish lire. 

Kiro'lflck, n. a soldier's gun : a nuiskct. 

;• Iro'man, m. one employed to extlnguinh firos. 

iMro'no*, a. new from the forgo; bright. 

r Ire ftf-ilyo, n. an oflico of insiiriinco from lire. 

1' Ire'pfln, n. a pan for holdi ig lire. 

Fire's!;:,), n. a ship tilled with coiubiiatihles 
to tiro tho vosselii of the enemy. 

Flre'8ht\v-i>l, n. an Instrument tor taking up 
or removing hot coals. 

Fire-Hido', »i. tho hearth ; homo. 

Firn'stick, n. a lighted stick or brntid. 

1< Ire'wOAd, »». wood for fuel. 

Firo'works, n. pi. shows of lire. 

Mrk, V. (h.ferio \) to wliip ; to beat. 

FTr'kin, n. (S. feowcr) a vossol con- 
taining nine gallons ; a stuall vessel. 

Firm, fl. (Ij, Jlriinis) strong; fixed; 

constant ; compact ; solid.— r. to fix.— n. 

a partnership In business. 
I'ir'iui-tude, n. atrongth ; stability. 
l''irin'ly,rt(/. strongly; steadily; constant 
rirm'ness, n. stability ; solidity ; const 
Fir'um-ment, n. the skv : the lieavons. 
Fir-ma-mCnt'al, a. pertaining to tlm 

ment; celestial. 

Hr'man, «. ( Ar.) a passport ; a license. 

First, a. (S. fi/rst) earliest in timo ; 

foremost in place ; highest in diguitv.— a<i. 

before any thing else. 
FIrst'ling, n. t!,e first produce or offspring. 
First'born, a. ddest.— n. the eldest child. 
First'fraits,»*,|)i.earliest produce; first profits. 
Firth. Soo Frith, 

FTsc, n. {L.Jiscris) a public treasury. 

Fiscal, a. pertaining to the BulUie treivsury 
or revenue.— n. revenue; atrc'^jjurer. 

Fish, n. (S. Jisc) an animal that in- 
habits tho water.- V. to attempt to catch 
fl* ; to seek by artirtce. 

Flsh'er, n. one who tishes. 

Fish^er-y, n. the business or place of fishing. 

Fish'ing, n. theart or practiceof catchinglish. 

Plsh'y, a. consisting of fish ; like tisli. 

l-lsh'er-bSat, n, a boat used in lishing. 

FTsh'er-man, n one employed in ashing. 

Flsh'fai, a. abounding with flsh. 

Flsh'gig, Fi%'g!g, n. a dart for striking flsh. 

Flsh'hdCk, n. a hook to catch fish. 

Plsh'kOt-tle, n. a kettle for boiling fish. 

Flsh'llke, a. resembling tish. 

Ptsh'mon-ger, h. a dealer in fish. 

Flsh'prtnd, H. a pond for keeping fish. 

FlsH'spOar, n. a spear for striking fish. 


Flsli'wifi*, FIsh'wdni an, n. a woman who 
sells tish. 

Ffs'mirojn. (L. /7«sMjri) a cleft; a iiar 

row chaHm.— u. to cleave. 
Fu'iilo, a. that may bo f pllt or cloft. 

FTst, Ji. (S.///.9/) the clonclicii hanJ.— 

V. to strike with tho fist ; to gnpe 
Fls'ti-cDfl's, blows with the list. 

Fls'tu-la, n. (L.) a deep narrow ulcer. 
Fis'tu-lato, V. to m;ik| liollow like a pipo. 
Fis'tu-lotu, a. havlii/iho nature of a flstul*. 

Fit, n. (W./f/A?) a sudden and violent 
attack of (fisordor; n <"iivulsloti ; a pa* 
roxysui ; a temporary afiectlon ; intcrviU. 

FlffHI, a. varied by paroxysms; lull of ftt*. 

FTt,rt. (L./rtc/wm qualified ; f foper; 

suitable.— V. to adapt ; to suit. 
Flt'ly, ad. properly; suitably. 
Flt'noss, n. propriety; sidtableness. 
Fit'tor, n. one who confer* fitness. 
Fit'ting-ly, Oil. propi ly ; suitably. 

Fit(;h, n. (L. vicia) < kind of pea. 

Fit(;h'at, ntyh'ow, n. (D. Jiasc) a 

Five, a. (S. fif) four and one. 
Fifth, a. tho onlinal of llvo. 
Fifth'ly, <ul. in tlio llfth place. 
Firtoen, a. five and ten. 
Flftoonth, a. the ordinal of fifteeti. 
Fifty, a. five times tin. 
Fif'ti-eth, a. the ordii .1 of fifty. 
Fives, n. a game with u ball. 
Flvo'b.lrred, a. having five bars. 
Five'fOld, a. having live times as much. 

I'lvej, Vivefi, n. a disease of horse •. 

Fix, w. (L.^fi-vum) to make fast, firm^ 

or stable ; to settle ; to establish ; to rest. 
Fix-a'tlon,n.actof fixing; stability; tirnuK'ss. 
Flx'ed-ly.arf. certainly; firmly; steadfastly 
Fix'ed-noss, n. stability; firmness; solidity, 
Fix'i-ty, n. coherence of parts. 

Fix'turo.w.any thing fixed toapluce or house. 
Flx'ure, n. position ; firmness. 

Fiz'gig. See under Fish. 

Fizz, Fiz'zle,t).tomako a hissingsound. 

Fiab'by. a. {H.Jiabhe) soft; not firm; 
easily shaking ; hanging loose. 

Fluc'(;id,a.(L. /facc<?o)soft; loose; lax. 
Flac-9ld'i-ty, n. laxity ; want of tension. 

FlSg, V. (S. fieogan) to hang loose; 
to grow spiritless ; to grow weak.— ». a 
water plant ; a nulitary or naval ensign. 

FIftg's.v, a. weak ; lax ; insipid. 


Fl.lg'ship, n. tho ship which bears the admiral'. 

FKIg'stflff, n. tho statf that elevates tho flag. 

Flilg'worm, n. a worm bred among flags. 

Flag, n. {Ic.ftngan) a broad flat stone. 

Flag'el-lant, n. {h.flagello) one whc 

wliips himself in religious discipline. 
FLl^-el-lri'tion, n. a wliipping oi scourging, 

Fla^'eo-let, n. (Fr.) a musical instru- 

^ate.fat. fir, fall; mc, mCt, thero, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nor, md?e, t&m 




Fl»-ij;!'ti(>"3, a. CL.Jtagiliurn) wicked ; 


-ly, ad. wickedly ; ntroclously. 

Pla-«rtioiu-nQM, n. wIckudneMS villany. 
I' ; slg'oii, n, iS.Jtaxe) a <lriiikiii;^ v *9cl, 

FIu'(4rant, a. (L. yf^^ro) burning ar- 

(' 't; glowtriRi eiiKt-'r; notorloui. 
Fl.i ^ran^u, Fli'gran-yy, n. numin'! h«nt; 

tiro; luttoHuiiHiieMS i eiiwrmi' 
Fl^l'Krnnt-ly, arl. Brdt'iiii^ ; i> 
I''lA'|{rute, V. to burn ; tu injuru > ^ 
I'Mu-grA'tion, n. n burniii^. 

I'lfiil, n. (Ij. Jtnf/clio) au instrum' it 
for tliroHhiiig grn!" 

Flake, «. {H./lii ) a sniaU portion 
of Hiiow J any thiiiK t'cld looHuly tuguther ; 
n 1/iycr.— r. to form Into Hakes. 

Fl.Vky, a. ciitinlHting of Hakes or layers. 

Flam, ti. (Ic. Jlim) a wliirn ; a falso- 
huud. -V. to d juivo with fuiaohood. 

Fl.imo, n. (L.Jlamma) light omitted 
from fire; tire; blaio ; ardour; 'nee. 
— 1<. tu shine as tire ; to bum. 

riam'buau, tlftm'bo, n. (Fr.) u light .t 

Flamo'less.ii.without llamo ; without inccn»i". 

Fiuin'ing, a. brilliant ; red ; gaudy ; violent ; 
vehement.— -n. a bursting out in tlamo. 

riam'ing-ly, ad. brilliantly ; vehemently. 

Pla-mln'go, n. a bird of a red colour. 

I'Mftni'nia-blo, a. that may bo set on flame. 

Fi,1m-ma-bU'i-ty, n. the being ll;unnmblo. 

FInm-ma'tion, n. the act of setting on flame. 

FlAiii'me-ous.o.conaistini' ')fflanii ; like flame. 

Fla'niy.a. bliuing; burning; flume-coloured. 

Flarae'col-our, n. the colour of flame. 

Fl;ime'c6l-"urcd, a. of a bright yellow colour. 

l<\ame'of ' i, a. having eyes like flames. 

Fla'mcn, n. (L.) a priest. 
Pla-mln'i-cal, a. belonging to a priest. 

Flank, n. (Fr. Jlanc} the part, of an 
nnimsl between the ribs and the thigh ; 
the side of an army or fleet.- t'. to attack 
the side ; to secure on the side ; to b'rder. 

FlAnlt'er, n. a fortification which com: ids 
the side of an assailing body.— v. to c . nd 
or attack sideways. 

Fian'nel,n. (y/.ijwlan) a soft woollen 

Flap, n. {D. flnbbe) any thing that 
hangs broad and loose ; the motion or noise 
of a flap.— V. to beat or move with a flap. 

Flap'pcr, n. one that flaps ; a fan. 

Flap'dr.itr-on, n. a kind of play or game. 

Plflp'Cai-i 1, a. having loose and broud ears. 

Flap'jack. !. an npple-puff. 

Flap'moathed, a. liaving loose lips. 

Flaro, V. (D.fledercn'i) to give an un- 
steady light ; to glitterwith transient lustre. 

Flash, n. (Gr. phloxX) a sudden blaze ; 
a sudden burst of wit ; a short trjvnsient 
state.— V. to burst out into a sudden fiame 
or light ; to rise in flashes. 

Flash'y, o. sliowy without substance ; gay. 

Flask, n. (S.Jiaxe) a kind of bottle ; 

a powder-horn. 
Pl&a'ket ?i.a yease! in which viands are served- 

Flat, a. (D. pint) loTcl ; Rmooth ; lull } 

doproMod ; peremptory ; not sharp, n. • 
level ; a plain ; a ihallow; a mnrli of d». 
pression in muMic.— v. to make o; grmv Mai, 

Flat'ly, ad. in a flat manner; pirHni) irily. 

FliU'ness, n. evenness; dulncsi: di'ji;(;iion. 

l''l,U'ten,i;. to ma lui even or level ; todepri-**. 

FiAt'tiMli, a, somewliat flat ; rather flat. 

Flat'liOt-tomed, a. having a flat bottui;i. 

i'lat'lf^ng, a. with the flat downwards. 

Fi.M'n<)||ed, a. having a flat nuso. 

1 t wl^e, a. with thu flat downwards. 


to praise falsely ; to raise false hopi' 
Fiat'ter-er, n. one who flatters. 
Fiat'tor-lng, o. obH'^^quious; pleasing; artful. 
I'lat'ter-lng-ly, ad. in an obsoquloim nmnner. 
Fiat'ter-y, n. false praise ; adulation. 

Fl&t'u-lent, ft. (h. /latum) windy ;vam 
Fiat'u ' 'nvu, Flat'u-len-9y, n. windlness; 

emptiness ; vanity. 
Flat'u-ous, a. windy ; generating wind. 
Flftt-u-0»'l-ty, n. wmdiness; fulncsd of air. 
Fla'tur, n. w nd ; a breath ; a puif. 

FlAnnt,«. (Ic. rtana ?) to display osten- 
tatiouBly ; to flutter ; to carry a pert or 
saucy appeii ranee. —n. any thing loose and 
airy; an osi ■♦ous display. 

FhVvo r, n. ( flair 1) relifih ; tasto; 

odour, u. to LMvt' taste or odour. 
Fl.Vvord s,«. pliiasant to the tMte ; fragrant. 
Flavoured t. having a flue taste. 

' ' ', n. (.S. Jloh) a crack ; a defect ; 

u .uddcn gust ; a tumult.— v. to crack. 
Fliiw'less, a. without cracks or defects. 

Flftwn, n. (Fr. flan) a custard ; a pie. 

FijH^ n. (S. flcnx) a fibrous plant ; 

tnObres of flax cleansed and combed. 
Flax'en, a. made of flax ; like flax ; fair. 
PUx'y, 0. like flax ; of a light colour. 

Flay, V. (S.fltan) to strip oflf the skin ; 
to take off the surface. 

Flea, n. (S.) a small insect. 
Fl(?a'bUe, n. the red mark caused by a flea. 
Fita'bTt-ten, a. stung by fleas; mean. 

Fleak, n. (S. flacea) a small lock, 
thread, or twist. 

Fleck, V. (Ger.) to spot ; to streak. 
Flec'tion. See Flexion. 
Fledge, a. {S.fleof/an) feathered ; al>lo 
to fly.— V. to furnish with feathers or wings. 

FlGe.u. (S.Jlemi) to run from danger ; 
to depart ; to ovoid : p. L and p. p. liCd. 

Fleeye, n. (S. Jlys) the wool shorn from 
one sheep. — clip off; to strip; to plunder. 
Fleeced, a. having a fleece. 
Flee'cer, n. one who strips or plunders. 
Flee'jy, a. covered with wool ; like a fleece. 

Fleer, v. {Ic. flyra) to mock ; to gibe ; 

to leer.— n. mockery ; a deceitful grin. 
Flecr'cr, n. a mocker ; a fawner. 

Fleet, n. {S.flict) a company of ships,^ 

Fleet, a. (Ic. fliotr} swift of pace^ 
nimble. — r.toflvswiftlv: to vanish ; tosk' 


tttbe.ttkb.faU; crj, crjpt, myrrh ; tOll,b0J,6flr,; feue.gem, raije.cjist.tliin. 




1.0 ^n^ 1^ 





i '- IIIIM 

11.25 III 1.4 












WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 

(716) 87i2-4503 


is iis 









gjccny, ad. swiftly ; nimbly. 
FJfiGt'iicss, 11, swiftness : speed. 
PlccH'f06t, a. swift of foot. 

Fl&sh, n. iS.^sc) tho muscular part 
ofthobody; ar.imalfood; human nature; 
corporeal appetites ; <» carnal state ; raau- 
Rmd; kindred. -», to initiate; i;oglut. 

Fleshed, a. having flesh ; fat. 

PlOsh'y, a. full of flesh ; plump. 

Plesh'i-nes3, n. plumpness ; fatness. 

Flfsh'less, a, without flesh. 

PlCsh'ly, 0. carnal ; not spiritual 

Pj6sh'Ji-ness, n. carnal passions or appetites. 

F Csh ment, n. eagerness from initiation. 
FlCsh'brush, n. a brush to rub the skin. 
Pleah'col-our, n. the colour of flesh. 
FlCsh'dl-et, n. food consisting of flesh. 
P esh'fljf, n. a fly that feeds on flesh. 
Flfish'hOOk, n. a hook to draw up flesh. 
Flflsh'meat, n. animal food. 
Fiesh'mSn-ger, n. one who deals in flesh. 
Flfish pOt, tt. a vessel for cooking flesh. 

Flct9h, V. {Ft. fleche) to feather au 

Plctcli'er, n. a maker of bows and arrows. 
Flew, p. t. oifly. 
Flewed, a. chapped ; mouthed. 

Flex'i-ble, a. (L.flexum) that may be 
bent ; pliant ; yielding ; tractable. 

Flex-i-bU'i-ty, FlCx'i-ble-ness, m. the quality 
of bemg easily bent; easiness to bo per- 
suaded; pliancy. 

Fiex'ile, a. easily bent j obsequ; 

PlTp'pan-9y, «• talkativeness ; pertness. 
*np pant-Jy, ad. in a flippant manner. 

FKrt, w. iS.fleardianX) to throw with 
a jerk; to move suddenly ; to Jeer; to run 
about ; to coquet.— m. a sudden jerk ; a 
Jeer ; a pert girl ; a coquette. 

rhi-ta'tion, n. act of flurting ; coquetry. 

Flit, V. (Ic. fliotr) to fly away : to 
„,V?,^?^o"ff; to flutter; to remove, 
if lit ti-ness, n. unsUhdiness ; levity. 

Flitnh, n. (S.Jlicce) the side of a host 
salted and cured. ** 

Flfix ion, n. the act of bending ; a turn, 
J;jSx'or, n, a muscle which bends a joint, 
r fix u-ous, a. winding; bending; wavering. 
Fiex'ure, «. a bending ; a joint. ^^^ 

Flex-an'i-raous, a. changing the minoK 

Flick'er, v. {S>. fliccerian) to fliSr: 

to move the wings ; to fluctuate. 
FlIck'er-mflQse, n. a bat. 

Fli'er. See under Fly. 

Flight, flit, n. iS.fliht) the act of 
nying or fleeing ; a flock of birds ; a voliey ; 
m^ ^w^ • •"}, excursion ; a series of stairs. 
ii .V^^' "• fleeting ; unsettled ; wild. 
w1K'J/"t."x?'' "v*^° ^'**e 0' being flighty. 
Plight'shftt, n. the distance an arrow flies. 

Flim'flam, n. (Ic./m) a freak ; a trick. 
Flim'sy, a. (W. llvmsi) weak ; feeble, 
rilm f i-ness, n. weakness of texture. 

F^»PP'i. V. (S.Jleon^) to eliriuk? to 

withdraw from ; to fail. 
FllnfVer, n. one who shrinks or fails. 
Fling, V. (S>.fleon ?) to cast from tho 

Hand; to throw; to dart; to flounce: 

J'. /. and p. p. flong. 
Fling, n. a throw ; a cast ; a gibe ; a sneer. 
Flint, n. (S.) a hard stone ; a stone 

for striking fire ; any thing very hard. 
llJ"K^ ?• '"**^e of flint ; hard ; cruel. 
^•Jlnt heart-ed, a. having a hard heart. 

Flip, n. drink made of beer and spirits. 
Flip'pant, a. (W. llipanu I) nimble of 
dpeech; talkative; pert; petuLmt. 

Float, V. iS. Jlcotaii) to swim on the 
surface; to move lightly; to cover with 
water.— n. a body swimming on the water : 
a cork or quill on a flshing-line. 

Float'er, n. one who foats. 

FlOat'y.a. swimming on the surface ; buoyant. 

Jlj" ta, ". (&p.) a fleet of merchant ships. 

* lo-tllla, n. a fleet of small vessels. 

Flock, n. iS. Jlocc) a company of birds 
or beasts.— V. to gather in crowds. 

Flock, n. Qj.floccvs) a lock of wool. 

Flog, V. (1j. flagrum) to whip ; to lash. 

Flood, n. (S. /?orf) a great flow of water: 
^ t''e sea ; a deluge ; flux.— 1>. to deluge. 
1< Jood gate, n. a gate to stop or let out water. 
Flook. See Fluke. 

Floor, n. (S.^or) that part of a build- 
ing or room on which we walk ; a plat- 
form; a storyof ahouse.-v. to lay a floor. 

a loor'mg, M. the bottom of a building or room. 

Flo'ral, a. (L.^s) relating to flowers 
Plo'ret, n. a little flower. 
FlO'ri-a^e, n. bloom ; blossom. 
Fiar'id, a. covered with flowers; flusberf 
„,*''l^';ed ; embellished ; splendid ; brilliant 
F o-rld'i-ty, n. freshness of cololir. 
i;^lor id-ly, ad. in a showy manner. 
FWr'id-ness, w. freshness ; embelUshment. 
Flo'rist, n. a cultivator of flowers. 
F16s'cu-lou3, a. composed of flowers. 

Flor'in, n. acoin first made at Florence. 
Fl'j'ta. See under Float. 

Flounge, v. (D. plonssen) to move 
or struggle with violence; to deck with 
Bounces.— n. a loose trimming. 

Fiaon'der, v. to struggle with violent motion. 

Floun'der, n. (Ger. /wncfer) aflat fish. 
Flour, n. (L. flog) the edible part of 
grain reduced to powder ; meal. 

Flour'ieh, v. iluflos) to grow luxu. 
riantly ; to thrive ; to be prosperous ; to 
use florid language ; to brandish ; to em. 
bellish.— n, vigour; beauty; ostentatious 
embellishment ; a musical prelude. 

FloOr'ish-er, n. one who flourishes. 

El SL'-^l!'*"*''."' thriving; prosperous. 

Floar'ish-mg-ly, ad. ostentatiously. 

FlSut, V. {is.fiitan) to mock; to insult' 

to sneer.— n. a mock ; an insult. 
Float'er, n. one who flouts. 

Fate, fat, fir, fall; me, met. th6re, hfir; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor. mOve. ,6a'; 




ifluWf V. (^.flowan) to run as water ; 
to nae as tho tide ; to melt ; to proceed ; 
to glide smoothly; to be full; to hang 
loose and waving; to inundate.— n. the 
rise of water ; a stream ; abundance. 

FlOw'ing, n. the rise of water. 

FlOw'ing-ness, n. a stream of diction. 

Flovfr'er, n. (L.Jios) the blossom of a 
plant; an ornament; tlie prime; the most 
excellent part. — v. to bo in blossom; to 
adorn with flowers. * 

Fl6w'er-ct, n. a small flower. 

FlOw'er-y, a. full of flowers. 

F16w'er-i-ness, n. tho being flowery. 

FlOv^'er-ing, n. state of blossom. 

F16w'er-less, a. without a flower. 

FiOw'er-gar-den, n. a garden for flowers. 

Flown, JO. JO. of^y. 

Fltic'tu-ate, «. (la.fluo) to roll h:*hcr 

and thither ; to be unsteady. 
FlQc'tu-ant, a. wavering; uncertain. 
FlOc-tu-a't'on, «. motion hither and thither ; 

unsteadiness ; violent agitation. 

Flue, n. a chimney or pipe. 

FlQ'ent, a. ili.flud) liquid; flowing; 

copious ; voluble.— n. a flowing quantity. 
FlQ'en-fy, n. copiousness of speech. 
FlQ'ent-ly, ad. with ready flow ; volubly. 
Flu'id, a. running as water; liquid; not 

solid.— n. any thing not soLd ; a liquid. 
Flu-ld'i-ty, «. the quality of flowing readily. 
Fla'id-uess, n. tho state of being fluid. 

Fluke, n. (S./oc) a flounder. 

Fluke, n. (Ger. pflup) the part of ^n 
anchor which fastens In the ground. 

Flilm'mer-y, n. (W. llymry) a sort of 
jelly; flattery. 

Flung, j5. t. and p. jo, oi fling. 

Flu'or, n. (L.) a Luid state ; a mineral. 

Flur'ry, n. (Ger. flugsl) a sudden 
blast; hurry; agitation.-v. to agitate. 

Fliish, V. (Ger. fliessen) to flow sud- 
denly; to glow; to 'redden; to elate.— a. 
fresh; glowing; affluenV, conceited. — n. 
flow; bloom; growth; abun''anco. 

Flash'ing, n. glow of red in tho lace. 

Fliis'ter, v. {Ger. flugsi) to hurry; to 
be in a bustle or heat.— «. hurry; agitation. 
FlQs'tered, a. heated ; agitated ; confused. 

Flute, n. (L.flatum) a musical instru- 
ment ; a channel in a pillar.— v. to play on 
the flute ; to form cbiumels in a pillar. 

Flut'ter, V. {D.flodderen) to move the 
wings rapidly ; to move about with bustle ; 
to agitate ; to disorder. — n. quick and irre- 
gular motion ; hurry ; confusion. 

FlQt'ter-ing, n. tumult of mind ; agitatioJ. 

Flux, n. (L. fluxurn) the act of flow- 
ing; issue; dysentery; fusion.— e. to melt. 
Flux-a'tion, n. the act of passing away. 
Flux'i-ble, a. that may be fused. 
FlOx-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being fluxlble. 
Flux-Tl'i-ty, n. possibility of being fused. 
I'lftx'ion, n. the act of flowing ; the matter 

thnt flows: pL the analysis of infinitolj 

small variable quantities. 
Flax'ion-a-ry, a. relating to fluxions. 
Flax'ion-ist, n. one skilled in fluxions. 
FIQx'ive, a. flowing ; wanting solidity. 
FlQx'ure, n. the a«t of flowing ; fluid matter. 

Fly,u. (S.^eog'jn) to move with wings; 
to pass swifily ; to part with violence ; to 
depart ; to escape ; to flutter ; to shun ; te 
quit ; to cause to fly ; p. t. flew ; p.p. flown. 

Fly, }t. a small wiikged insect. 

Fll'er, Fly'er, n. one that flies. 

Fly'blOw, n. the egg of a fly.— v. to taint 
with the eggs which produce maggots. 

Fl^'bOat, n. a light sailing vessel. 

Fi j'catfh-er, n. one that hunts flies ; a bird, 

Fly'f !sh, V. to angle with flies for bait. 

Fly'flap, ». a fan to keep off flies. 

Fly'ing-flsh, n. a small lish which flies. 

Foal, n. (S).fole) tho young of tho horse 
or ass.— V. to bring forth a foal. 

Foam, n. (S./am) froth ; spume.— 1>, 
to froth ; to gather foam ; to be in a rage. 
FOam'y, a. covered with foam ; T.othy. 

I'ob, 71. a small pocket. 

Fob, V. iGer.foppen)to cheat; to trick. 

Fo'9ile,n. (Fr./oci^e)the greater or less 
bone of the arm or leg. 

Fo'cus, n. (L.) a point where rays of 
light meet ; apoint, of convergence : pi. fO'f I. 
Fo'cal, a. belonging to the focus. 

Fod'der, n. (S.) dry food stored up for 
cattle.— V. to feed with dry food. 

Foej».(S./"'/)an enemy ; an adversary 
Foe'hOOd, u mity. 
Foe'Uke, a. h. an enemy. 
Foe'man, n. an enemy in war. 

Foe'tus. See Fetus. 

Fog, n. {la. fug) a thick mist. 

FOg'gy, a. misty ; cloudy ; dull. 
FOg'gi-ly, ad. mistily ; cloudily ; darkly. 
FOg'gi-ness, «. the state of being foggy. 

Fog, n. (W.fwg) after-grass. 

Foh, int. (S./oA) an exclamation of 
abhorrence or contempt. 

Foi'ble, n. (Fr.) a weakness ; a failing. 

Foil, V. (Fr. affoler) to defeat ; to 
puzzle; to blunt.— n. a defeat ; something 
to heighten lustre, or set off to advantage ; 
a blunt sword used in fencing. 

Foil, n. {L. folium) leaf ; gilding ; a 
coat of metal on a looking-glass. 

Foin, V. (L. pungo) to push in fencing. 
— n. a thrust ; a push. 

F8i5'on,n.(L./e«io)plenty ; abundance, 

Foist, V. (Fr. fausser) to insert wrong 

fully, or without warrant. 
FOIst'er, n. one who foists. 

Fois'ty. See Fusty. 

Fold, V. (S^ fealdari) to double ono 
part over another ; to close over another ; 
to inclose ; to shut in a fold.— ». a double i 
a plait ; an iiiclosure for sheep. 

tabe, tnb, fail ; cr?, cr^pt, mjfrrh; tOIl, bOj^, H&r, uO'iv, new ; gcde, ^cm, raige, e^iat, tbia 




Folding, n. n doubling: tho keorinir of 

siKop la folds-o. closfiii over anX?. 
Fo'li-a^e, n. (L. /o/iwrn) leaves; a 

Pa i?a" *"' '«"v««— «'• to f"rnl«h witli loavos. 
fw.. '^ ?<wii», a. roiwistins: of leave*. 
^;^o ii-nto, V. to lv>nt into lenvos. 
1- <VI|.ft'tln.i, M, tJio act of Iwiiting Into leftvcs. 
*0 I -«-tiiro, M. the l)einff beaten into Iwvos. 
F.V i-cr, fi. goldaniitlu' foil. 
I<0 li-o. H. ft lonf or pnjfoi n book in wliich 
the «t,oot is foLIwi into tw leaves. 

I' li-o-niOrt. Boo Fouilfe-morto. 
roli-ot, n. at.foletto) a kind of demon. 

?dH;/'l^' "• <S./o/c) people. 
*0 k land, n. copjiiold land. ^ 
toiu. mote, n. a mooting of people. 

FcJl'li-clo, n. (L./ollis) a little bac : a 
cavity; aseedvosseU "'fe > » 

FoHow, t). ( to go or como 

to imitate J to result. * 

Fol'low-cr, n. one wlio follows; a disciple. 
Fol'Iy. See unaor Fool. 

Fo.m?nt',«. (L.foveo)to cherish with 
neat ; to bathe with warm lotions ; to en- 
cou^l^Te ; to promote ; to instigate. 

I-O-men.ta'tion, »♦. tho act of fomenting ; a 
warm lotion; «»ncoumgcniont ; instigation. 

Fo-m^4it er, tu one who fomenti 

F(5m{, rt. ' Ic. faanc) foolish: silly; 
foolishly tender ; relishing highly.— v. to 
ca. oao ; to dote on. » » ^ "• '« 

t x"!}!!'-' *'• '" ''■''** *'"» tenderness ; to caress. 

I;rtn.i iy, ,iJ. foolishly ; with great tenderness. 
1' end uoss, n. weaKuoss ; foolish tenderness. 

Font. n. (L.fons) a basin for water 

used in baptism. 
POn'ta-nCl, n. a discharge opened in tho body. 
Fon-tfin^o', »». (Fr.) a knot of ribands 

on the head. 

Food, n. (S. foda) meat ; Tictnals : 
V STS^r^.'""' J ?^y thing that nourishes. ' 
I.^aI'^"'' *^ '^"" '^^1"°^ 5 food. 
£^Aiv*^• 2;",°' affording food ; barren. 
i-Md y, a. fit for food ; eatable. 

Fool, n. (Fr./o/) ono of weak nnder- 
standing; an idiot; one who thinks and 
nets unwisely ; a wicked person ; n jester ; 
a bufioon.— f. to trifle ; to deceive. 

1 01 ly , H. want of understanding ; weakness • 
absurdity; depravity. ' 

k-aaD^k^' "• ''.*!'it"a' folly; an act of foil v. 

k-aaI'^^'."- v«»<1 of understanding; unwise. 

F6A ish-ly.od. unwisely ; weakly; wickedly. 

Fd6 ish-ness, w. want of wisdom ; absurdity. 

FOfirbom, a, foolish from the birth. 

Lv$ '!'?P"Py' *• •"'^I'y without contrivance. 

£^^^ "^"^y* "• ^""8 without judgment. 

£.?A.,:' . '*"*'^' '^ courage without sense. 

rofll tr.1p, ft. a snare to catch fools. 

Fooljj'oSp, n. (folio, shapei) a kind of 
pai>er of small size. 

Foot, n. (S.fot) tho part on which an 

nnlnml stands; that by which nny thini 
i!> .supported ; the base; the end;! mca" 

V^uJl ^T'*" ''"''"" 5 " c«'''»i" number of 
- «y"ttl>los in a verse : pi. foot. 
!• OOt, V. to dance ; to w.,lk ; to mako a fooi- 

Frt^it'lf i'^i' '"*'.°.' Kjmmi motion; step. 

I'AA.r? ' "• *'"M>cd in tho foot. 
9^ l'^!,"- »fo"nd for the foot ; supports 
foundation; pl,.co ; settlement; stoto 

{;<»*' 'ess, a. without foct. 
I'OOt bull, n. a ball driven by tho foot : tin 
FflSK" •"•"^•"•"'."f WeklngUie Sm. 
{.'A^M ,^*."-." •""""'■ i "n attendant in livery 

FM thrfn^""' **• »'"','"•''"•"" "f "'» foot 

f.A Ahf '0.*'* • "• "■ «"nii)ter cloth. 
FAA'fl '.'./•• " ""!{' P'^"'" *■""' i » stumble. 
i'AA /"'i'*.' "• " "'^''t or battle on foot. 
PAAf'IfMH''?' '*• '''• S"""'" of infantry. 
t^A w I'' ''' "■ ''1"^'="'' to hold the foot. 
f,V<*t "ck-er, »>. a mean flatterer. 

ilXTl'f\ " *"''"'''■ '^''" marches and 
ii«lits on foot ; a runner ; u servant in livery. 

K'.?^""''"'V'- V"" "'' '^'' '■"•^^""yof <^ "uiner. 
1.'AA ' "^il "• " '"8''r'>'"""> ^^I'o robs on foot. 
VAA '• '^'?' "• "■ 1"'"' ^"r foot passengers. 
i^A \,/' '->"'•• "• " 1'"*' t'"*t travels on foot. 
KAA,''?i""""''/*- " "oldicr that serves on foot. 
Iaa .'.% "• "■'"='': *rack; token; mark. 
I'Ortt st66l, n. a stool for the feet. 

hP' • i^- "";';'«) a man fond of 

dress and show ; a coxcomb. 
FOp'ling, n. a petty fop. 

PftlMIfP''."- ^|"'ltyj" ''ress and manners. 
^Op pish, rt. vain in dress and manners. 
FOp pis b-ly, ad. With foolish vanity. 

p5^''''iAA ir"' "• '■'"■'"«"' ^""ity in dress. 
Pfip'dOO-dle, «. tt simpleton ; a fool. 

For, prep. (S.) because of; with re- 
spoct to; in place of; for the sake of.~ 
con. because ; on this account that. 

For as-mOi-h, cut. in regard that. 

lor'a^o, n. (Fr. fotirrage) food for 
horses and cattle ; search for provisions.— 
V. to wander in searuli of provisions : to 
ravage ; to plunder. »»""»,«» 

FOr'a-pr, n. one who provides food or foragfc 

For a-^mg, »,. rovmg in search of provisions. 

Fo-ram'i-nous, a. (L. foro) full of 
holes ; perforated ; poroua, 

For-bear', v. (S./or, beran) to cease 

n-om; tcstop; to abstain: y. <. for-bdre' i 

p. p. for-bOrne . 

For-l)ear'an9e, n. the act of forbearing : in- 

termission; command of temper; patience. 

For-bear'er, n. one who forbears. ^^"'"-""^ 

For-bid', V. (S. for, biddan) to pra. 
h<bit : to interdict ; to oppose : n. <.*^for- 

^bade'; ».p. for-bld'den or for-bId'. 

^° v35,^*"^'^' "• prohibition ; edict against 

For-b!d den, «. a. prohibited ; interdicted. 

i;or-bld dcn-ly, ad. in an unlawful manner. 

i,or-bld d«i..ness, n. state of being forbidden. 

Pof-bid'd*,. n. ono who prohibits. ''"• 

Foi-bld'dit,.;, p. a. repulsive.— n. hindrance. 

For90, n. t L. fortis) strength ; vicoup : 
might; 'Molence; compulsion; virtue: 
eflicacy J armament.-i>. to compel : to 
constrain ; to urge; to storm; to ravish. 

Pate, fat, fir, faU; mC. met, thfire. hdr ; plne";^!;;:^,^!, ; note, not, na^m"^;;:^ 




/flr'f od-Iy, ad. violently j cotutralnedl/. 
Pjp'f cd-ne«», n. state of being forced. 
Porfo'fal, a. vloL;it; strong; Impetuous, 
rorro'loss, a. weak ; feeble ; iinpotoot. 
POr'cor, n. one tliat forces. 
FOr'ti-ble, a. strong ; mighty t violent ; !m- 

peiuoiiBj efReac!oii9; active j powerfti!. 
Por?l-bly ,ad. strongly ; powerfully ; by force. 
F0r'9ing, n. the act of urging ; compulsion. 

Fflr'cops, n. (L.) a surgical instrumout. 
Pfir'911-pa-ted, a. formed like pincora. 
PQr-9i-pa'tlon, n. a tearing W'th pincers. 

Ford, n. (S.) a ehallow part of a river. 

-V. to pnss a river without swimmiiiR. 
POrd'a-ble, a, passable without swimming. 

For-d6', V. (S. /or, don) to ruin ; to 

FOre, a. (S.) coining or going first ; 
not behind.— od. in the part that goes first. 

Foro-ad-mBn'isli, v. (S. fore, L. ad, 
moneo) to counsel before the event. 

Fore-ad-vlao'. v. (S. fore. Fr. aviser) 
to counsel before the Uwi of action. 

Filro-al-lg^o', «. {S.fore, L. ad, lego) 

to mention or cite before. 
Foro-ftrm', v. (S.fore, L. armo) to arm 

beforehand ; to prepare for attack. 

Ftlre-bOdo', v. (S. fore^ bodian) to 

foretell ; to foreknow. 
POre-bOd'er, n. one who forebodes. 
FOro-bOd'ing, n. perception beforehand ; 


Fore-cSst', v. (S.fore, Dan. hotter) to 

contrive beforehand ; to form schemes. 
FOre'cast, n. contrlvan'-o b^'orehand. 

Foro'cas-tle, fOr'cas-sl, n. (S. forr 
cattel) tbo fore part of a ship. 

Foro'9Tt-cd, a. {S.fore. L. cilo) quoted 
before or above. 

Fr)re-clf)se', t>. (S.fore, L. clausum) to 
shut up ; to preclude ; to prevent. 

Fore-con-ceive', v. (S. fore, L. con, 
capio) to imagine beforehand. 

Fore-date', v. (S.fore, L. datum) to 
date before the true time. 

Foro'd^ck, n. (S.fore, decan) the fore 
part of a deck or shipr 

Fore-de-sign', for-de-sTn', v, {S.fot'e, 
L, de, tigno) to plan beforetian^L 

Foro-de-t&'mine, v. (S. fore, L. de, 
termintu) to decree beforehand. 

Fore-ddom', v. (S.fore, dom) to doom 
beforehand.— n. previous doom. 

Fi5re'2nd, n. (S. fore, ende) the end 
which precedes ; the anterior part. 

Fore-fa'ther, n. (S. fore, fader) an 


?5re-fgnd', v. (S.fore, L. defendo) to 
prohibit ; to avert ; to secure. 

♦• orc'f in-ger, n. (S. fore, finger) the 
anger next the thumb. 

Fflro'f6flt,n. (S.fore, fot) tho ant«rio« 
foot of a quadruped. 

Foro'frXnt, n. (S. fore, L. fron$) the 

foremost part 

Fore'gamo, n. (S. fore, gamen) afirai 
game ; t'le iirst plan. 

Fore-gO', V. (S.fore, gan) to quit; to 

give up ; to resign. 
FOre'gO-er, n. one who goes before. 

F0ro'gr8und, n. (S. fore, grund) tho 
part of a picture wlilcli seems to lie before 
the figures. 

FOre'hand, n. (S.fore, hand) the part 
of a horse which is before the rider.— <i. 
done sooner than Is regular. 

FOre'band-ed,a. early; timely; seasonable! 
formed in the fore parts. 

Fore'hSad, n. (S. fore, heafod) the part 
of the face which is above the eyes. 

Foro-hCar', v. (S.fore, hgran) to bo 
informed before. 

F'lre-he*', v. (S. fore, heatoan) to cut 
in front 

FOro-hold'ing, n. (S. fore, healdav^ 
prediction ; ominous foreboding. 

Foro'hSrso, n. (S.fore, hort) tho fore- 
most horse in a team. 

Por'oign, for'in, n. (L.forit) belonging 
to another na- ' > or country; alien; ro> 
mote ; extranei^us ; not to the purpose. 

FOr'eign-er, n. one born in a foreign country } 
not a native ; a stranger. 

Fftr'elgn-neBs, n. want of relation. 

FOre-i-mS^'ine, v. (S.fore, L. imago^ 
to conceive or fancy before proofl 

Fore-judgo', v. (S. fore, L. judex) to 
judge before hear'ng facts and proof. 

Fore-Jad^'ment, n. judgment formed before 

Fore-know',fOr-no',«.(S. /ore,cnawon) 
to have previous knowledge of; to foresee. 

FOre-krOw'a-ble, a. that may be foreknown. 

FOre-knOw'er, n. one who foreknows. 

Ffire-knOwl'cdKe, n. knowledge of what is tn 
happen; prescience. 

FOrelSnd, n. (S. fore, land) a pro- 
montory ; A headland ; a cape. 

Fare-lay', v. (S. fore, lecgan) to lay 
wait for ; to prevent ; to lay beforehand. 

FOre-lCad'er, n. (S. fore, Uedan) one 
who leads others by his example. 

FOrelSck, n. (S.fore, loc) the hair on 
the forehead. 

Fore-look', v. (S.fore, locian) to see 

FOre'man, n. (S. fore, man) the Erst 
or chief person. 

Fare'mSst, n. (S.fore, mast) the mast 
nearest the head of a ship. 

mentioned or recited before. 

Iflbe, titt., fall t or y, crypt, m^rrh ; tail, boy, 6flr, nfivir, new ; jede, gem, ralje, e^ Ut. tbia 









Fare'mOst, a. (S. fore, moest) first in 
place or dignity. 

F0ro'm8th-er, n. (S. fore, modor) a 
lemale ancestor. 

FOro'named, a. (S.fore, noma) named 
or mentioned before. 

Fflre'noon, n. (S. fore, nan) tho time 
from morning to mid-day. 

Pore-nO'tife.n. {S.fore, L. nolo) notice 
of an event before it happens. 

Fo-ren'sio, a. (L. forum) belonging to 
courts of judicature. R fa • 

Foro-or-dain', v. (S.fore, L. ordo) to 

ordam beforehand; to predestinate. 
rOre-Or-di-na'tion, ». predestination. 

FOre'pdrt, n. (S. fore, L. pars) the 
part first in time or place. 

Fore'p28t,a. (S.fore, lu. possum) past 
before a certain time. 

F6ro-po?-?gssed', a. (S. fore, L. »os- 
leiiton) holding formerly in possession. 

FOro-prJze' v. (S. fore, L. pretium) to 
rate beforehand. '^ ' 

t5s.. FOre-prSm'ised, a. (S. fore, L. pro, 

'^ ♦»<««"») promised beforehand. ^ * 

F^'e'rank, ». (S./or(?, Fr. rang) the 
first rank; the front. :/y t"" 

Fore-read", v. (S.fore, radan) to sig- 
nify by tokens. -» °6 
FOre-read'ing, n. previous perusal. 

lyentioned or recited before.'bered, a. (S. /ore, L. 
WKBwr) raUed to mind before. 

^rJ^'v'^l**' for'rit, a (S. fore, riht) 
ready; forward; quickly.-od. forward. 

Fore-run', «. (S.fore,rennan) to come 
before ; to advance before ; to precede. 

»ore-rftn'ner, n. a messenger sent before : a 
narblnger; a predecessor ; a prognostic 

Fore'sail, n. (S.fore, segel) the saU of 
tlie foremast. 

Fore-sa/, V. (S. fore, seooan) to pre- 
dict ; to prophesy ; to foretell, 
rore said, a. described or spoken of before. 

F5re-s5e',v. (S. fore, seon) to see be- 
forehand; to foreknow, 
rore-se'er, n. one who foresees. 

^211'f j^r®'' .*'• 1^' Z''''^' *'r- saisir) to 
grasp beforeliand. ' 

F6re-shSd'ow, v. (S. fore, scead) to 
signify beforehand ; to typify. 

Fore'ship, n. (S.fore, scip) the fore 
port of a ship. 

Fore-short'en, for-shOrt'n, v. (S.fore, 
•sm} to shorten projecting parts of figures 
in drawing. 

Foro-sh5w', V. (S. fore^ sceawian) U 
show or represent beforehand ; to predict. 
I'ore-shOw'er, n. one who foreshows. 

Foro'slde, n. (S. fore, side) the front 
side ; a specious outside. 

Foro'flight, for'sit, n, (S.fore, qesight) 

the act of foreseeing; foreknowledge. 
FOre-slght'fOl, a. prescient; provident. 

^/J:S1'F''?^f>!' ''• <S,/or<f, h.signum, 
/ado) to betoken ; to foreshow; to typify. 

Fore'BkTn,n. (S. fore,jcm) the prepuce. 

^pro'sklfrt, n. (S.fore, Dan. skiort) 

tne loose part of a coat before. 

Foro-sISck' «. (S. fore, slacian) to 
neglect by idleness. 

Fore-slow', v. (S.fore, slaw) to delay: 
to neglect ; to loiter. ' ' 

Fore-speak', v. (S. fore, sprecan) to 

predict; to foretell; to forbid. 
FOre-speak'ing, n. a prediction. 

Fflre-spent', a. (S. fore, spendan) past : 
bestowed before ; wasted. 

FOre-spur'rer, n. (S. fore, spura) ono 
who rides before. " ' ^ 

For'ost, n. (Fr. fortt) a tract of land 
covered with trees.-a. sylvan ; rustic. 

* or est-ed, a. supplied with trees. 

DOr'est-er, n. the keeper of a forest ; an in- 
Habitant of a forest ; a forest tree. 

F6rest-born, a. bo.n wild. 

Fpre-stail', V. (S.fore, steal) to take 

beforehand ; to anticipate. 
FOre-stall'er, m. one who forestalls. 

Fore-taste', v. (S. fore, Fr. tater) to 
taste before ; to anticipate. 

FOre'taste, n. a taste before ; anticipation. 

Fore-teanh', v. (S. fore, iwcan) to 
teach before ; to inculcate aforetime. 

Fore-tell', V. (S. fore, tellan) to pre- 
dict ; to prophesy : p. t. and p. p. fore-told'. 

Fore-teil'er, n. one who foretells. 

FOre-teil'ing, n. prediction. 

Fore-thmk', V. (Sfore, thencan) to an 

ticipate in the mind ; to contrive before. 

I'Ore thought, n. prescience ; provident care. 

a previous sign.— w. to foreshow. 

Fpre'tooth, n. (S. fore, toth) a tooth 
In the fore part of the mouth. 

Fore'tSp, n. (S.fore, top) the hair on 
the forehead ; the fore part of a head-dresat 

For-cv'er, ad. (S. '/or, eBfer)tki all 
times; eternally; without end. 

affirmed before ; formerly told. 
Fore-warn', «. (S. fore, warnian) to 

atiinonish beforehand ; to caution against. 
FOre-wam'iDg, n. previous admonition. 

'"•• "'• Of. fiUi ■»=.»«,««. Mr, pin., pin, HeM, fir; MM. M,, „er, IlOv,, ^ 






Faro- worn', a. (S./ore, werian) worn 
out ; wasted by tinio or use. 

For'foit, V. (L. forts, factum) to loso 
py some offence.— n. fine for an o.Tence. 

For'feit-a-ble, a. subject to forfeiture. 

For'feit-iire. n. the act of forfeiting ; the 
thing forfeited ; a fine ; a mulct. 

For'fox, n. (L.) a pair of scissor? , 

For-gavs', jj. t. of fm-give. 

For^o, n. (Fr.) a place where iron is 
wrought ; a place where any thing is made. 
— t'. to form by the hammer ; to beat into 
shape; to counterfeit ; to falsify. 

POi'^er, n. one who forges ; a falsifier. 

For'pr-y, n. the crime of falsifying. 

For-ggt', V. (S. for, getan) to lose 
memory of ; to neglect : », L for-cOt' : 
p.p. for.g6t'ten or for-gflt'. 

For-gCt'fftl, a. apt to forget ; heedless. 

!• or-gct fai-ness, n. loss of memory ; iieglect. 

For-gCt'ter, n. one who forgets. 

For-gCt'tinjf-Iy, ad. without attention. 

For-give', v. (S./or, gi/an) to pardon; 
to remit: p. fc for-gSve'^; p.p. for-gTv'en. 
For-gl ve'ncss, n. the act of forgiving ; pardon. 
For-glv'er, n. one who forgives, 
r jr-glv'ing, p. a. disposed to forgive. 

For-got', p. t. and p.p of forget. 
Por-got'ten, for-g6t'tn, p. p. of forget. 

Fo-rin'ee-cal, a. (L. forts, secus) fo- 
reign; alien. 

Fork, n. (S. fore) an instrument 
divided at the end into two or more points 
or prongs.— V. to shoot in to blades; to mvide. 

Fcrk'ed, a. opening into two or more parts. 

Fork'ed-ness, n. the quality of being forked. 

1< ork y, a. opening into two or more parts. 

For-lorn', a. (S.for, leoran) forsaken; 

helpless ; destitute ; desperate n. a lost, 

forsaken, solitary person. 
For-lorn'ness,n.de8titution ; misery; solitude. 

Form, n. (L. forma) shape ; figure ; 

beauty; order; stated method; empty 

show ; ceremony.— V. to make ; to shape ; 

to model ; to plan ; to arrange. 
Form, n. a long seat ; a class ; seat of ^ hare. 
For'mal, a. ceremonious ; precise ; exact ; 

regular; methodical; external. 
Por'mal-ist, n. uii observer of forms only. 
Po^-mal'i-ty, n. ceremony ; order ; method. 
Por'mal-Ize, v. to model ; to affect formalif^y. 
POr'mal-ly, ad. in a formal manner ; precisely. 
For-ma'tion,n.theactofforming; production. 
FOr'ma-tive, a. giving form ; plastic. 
Por'mer, ». one who forms ; a maker. 
Pjjrm'fai, a. read||to form ; imaginative. 
Form'less, a. without regular form ; shapeless. 
For'mu-Ia, n. a prescribed form or order. 
POr'mu-la-ry, n. a book of stated forms. 

For'mcr, a. (S.form) before another 
in time ; mentioned before another ; past. 
FOr'mer-ly, ad. in time past ; of old. 

F6r-mi-ca'tion, n. (L. formica) a sen- 
sation as of ants creeping over the skin. 

Ffjr'mi-da-ble, a. {L.formido) exciting 
fear ; terrible ; dreadful ; tremendous. 

S-i^ISli""!'!®""''?',"- '1?® *">'"» 'ormidable. 
FOr'mi-da-bly, ad. in a formidable manner. 

F«>r'ui-catc, v. {L. fornix) to commit 
FOr-ni-ca'tion, n. incontinence or lewdneif 

of unmarried persons. 
For' who commits fornication. 
FOr'ni-ca-tress, n. an unmarried woman 

guilty of lewdness. 

FSr'ray, v. { forage 'i) to ravage: to 
spoil a country — n. the act of ravaging. 

For-sake', v. {S.for, secan) to learo j 
to desert : p. t. for-s6dk' ; p. p. for-sa'kcn. 
For-sak'er, n. one who forsakes. 
For-sak'ing, n. the act of deserting. 

For-s66th', ad. (S.for, soth) in tmth. 

For-swear', v. (S.for, swerian) to re- 
nounce or deny upon oath; to swear 
falsely : p. t. for-swOre' ; p. p. for-awOm'. 

Fort, n. (L.fortis) a fortified plac«5. 
POrt'ed, a. guarded bv forts. 
Il'^i'-Jf • "; V strengthen ; to confirm ; to fix. 
*or-tl-fl-ca'tion, n. the science of military 

architecture; a place built for strength. 
For'ti-f I-er, n. one who fortifies. 
FSr'ti-lage, n. a little fort ; a block-house. 
Por'tin, n. a little fort to defend a carap. 
FOr'ti-tQde,n. courage ; strength to endure. 
Fortress, n. a fortified place.— 1>. to guard. 

Forth, ad. (S.) forward; onward; 

abroad ; out.— pr«p. out of. 
Forth-c6m'ing, a. ready to appear. 
FOrth-ls'su-ing, a. coming out. 
FOrth-rlght', ad. straight forward. 
FOrta-wlth', ad. immediately; without delay. 
F6r'ti-eth. See under Forty. 

Fort'nightjfort'nlt, n. (fourteen.night, 
the space of two weeks. 

For-tu'itous, a. (L. fors) happening 

by chance ; accidental ; casual. 
For-ta'i-tous-ly, ad. by chance ; accidentally. 
For-tQ'i-tous-ness, n. chance; accident. 
For-tQ'i-ty, «. chance ; accident. 

F6r'tune,». (L.fortuna) the good or 
ill that befalls man ; chance ; success ; 
event; estate; riches; a portion. — v. to 
befall ; to happen. 

FCr'tu-nate, a. lucky ; happy ; successful. 

FOr'tu-nate-ly, ad. luckily ; successfully. 

For'tu-nate-ness, n. good luck ; success. 

For'tuned, a. supplied by fortune. 

Por'tune-less, a. luckless ; without fortune. 

FSr'tune-bflftk, n. a book of future evants. 

P8r'tune-h0nt-er, n. a num who seeks to 
enrich himself by marrying a woman with 
• fortune. 

F8r'tune-teil, t;. to pretend to reveal futurity. 

P8r'tune-teil-er, n. one who pretends to re- 
veal futurity. 

F6r'ty,a. (S.feower, tig) four timies ten 
Por'ti-etll, a. the ordinal of forty. 

Fo'rum, n. (L.) a public place in 
ancient Rome wLere lawsuits were de- 
cided ; a tribunal. 

For'ward, ad. (S.fore, weard) toward 
a part or place before ; onward.— iz. ready ; 

lQl»,tttb,fflll; cry, crypt, mjrrh; tMl,bOy,(Hir,nOw,ne*; jede, gem, raifo, efirt, thin. 






^,^^1 ^ ' advanced ; quick ; anterior. 
P/u^i..i^?^**"; ^ advance ; to send forward. 
Znt'Zt'f^'' **• **8erly ; hastily; quickly, 

*" eSaTboUrnes.^"'^""'" ' '»"'«''"- ' 
POr'ward}, ad. strajglit before ; progressively. 

^;wr;?i&Crf ^- -^'"•' ""'^'^^ ^' ^^- 

F3sse, n. (L. /owum) a ditch ; a moat. 
FOs'sil, a dug out of the earth.i-n. a sub- 
stance dug out of the earth. 
Ffis sll-lst, n. one versed in fossils. 

FSa'ter. v. (S. foslrian) to nurse ; to 
feed ; to support; to cherish ; to pamper. 
POs'ter-aye, n. the charge of niisin^ *^ 

WA^'f!'":*'"' "•♦u"" *'"» fosters; a nurse. 
PAM!ru*^'"**''^'i?'°f"""'"»i nourishment 
pS!' ^1f • "/ * '?»'«'-*='•"'* ' » nurse-child. 
wAl';!?k'-2:i?""""'® ^^''o nourishes ; a nurse. 

breast^^*"' "" °"® °"*"* "* *^° "^"^ 

^onl'L"^"'?''' "; It "''"•* """«<» 0' b"d by 

_ onowno is not its parent. ' 

i««!Ml!fi^lu**' ®i?'""' ^y ^'hich a plant is 
wa^S?T?k' *•*""«'» '"^' "' '"^tive soil. 

in ?W Us fathT. '"'"' '""«" "P "^ ^''"•^ 

Kfr'S*'*'"'""' F<i»''er-d.1m. n. a nurse. 
*08ter-86n, n. one brought up as a son. 
though not a son by nature. '^ "" " '°°' 
FiJth'er, n. (S.) a weight of lead. 
Fought, fat, p. (. and p. p. of fight. 
Fought'en.p. a. contested ; dispi.t^by arms. 

^^h^- ^^.--^"'^ ^"^y'' fi^t'^j; impure; 
muddy; stormy; wicked; un/air ; coarse • 

SubT^-d*file"^° ^''''' *■' ^"^'y-' *« 

P«Si'!^^'\,"^*''' "• "^'"» scurrilous language. 
FftOl^'spo-ken, a. contumelious; slandlrous! 

Foii'mart, n. (foul, marten) a polecat. 

!!?-?".«! P' '• *°<* P- P- of find. 
FdOnd'ling, n. a child deserted or exposed. 

^JWk*'--,1^-/""''''> *» ^ay the basis 

.1s"har;'tti;Sr.'^' onglna.; estal- 
S?S°.'!?*'*'®°"'^"' "• without foundation. 
PdOn'dress, n. a female who founds. 
Fj«faid,«. (L./ttrado) to form by melt- 

* Ofin der, n. one who casts metaJs. 

Fdfin der-y. n. a place where metals are cast. 
hn/?„™ '.*'• S^-f'^ndo) to sink to the 
ho«e?/oo*?'''"'*'^'=^"^ "<"-«««'»* 

POOn'der-ous, a. failing; ruinous. 

^S? ^^?»'*ain,«. (L./o«*)a spring; 
Prtnn't!i\, V^* ' a source ; a first cauSe. ^ ' 
PrtSSt^rt? w' M- 'J*''"?^ «° fountain. 
»r2 ,/.'.'*• '"'• of springs. 
FOOn'teln-hCad. n. primary source. 

Four, a. {S.feower) twice two. 

fourth, a. the ordinal of four. 
, FDurth'ly, cui. in the fourth place. 
! FOur'tcen, a. four and ton. 
I JOur;toenth, a. the oMinal of fourteen. 

*Our fArtt-ed, a. having four feet. 
^our'scOre, a. four times twenty ; eijthtv. 
PouKsquare, a. having four eqlull side. an4 

angles; quadrangular. 
FOur'whcCled, a. having four wheels. 

F3*l, n. (S.fuael) a winged animal : 
* W'-d.-r. to kih birds for food. ' 

wlr /?"■• "' » »POrte.nan who pursues birds. 
PA* "*• ?; *''^ ■"=' "' shooting birds. 
I" AM ing-ple9e, m, a gun for shooting birds. 

F5x,n. (S.) an animal remarkable for 
r.^"« 1'°?,' * *'/ cunning fellow. 
F6x sh, Fflx'lllio, a. cunning ; artful. 
*ox Iv, a. having the qualities of a fox. 

* dx ship, n. the character or qualities of a fox. 
v^l'h.'l' ''^'onging to.a fox ; wily aa a fox. 

* flx'case, n. a fox's skin. 

|.A*/?x!'®J "• P""">' of a fox with hounds. 
WA 2?2°P*'' "• * hound for chasing foxes. 
FOx-hOnt-er, n. one who hunts foxes. 

* ox trap, n. a snare for catchhig foxes. 

F8x. V. (G.foxa) to deceive : to Btupifv : 
to intoxicate. *^ ■" 

FrSct, V. (L.frango) to break. 
Prsv*!""' ?• * \'ejiking ; part of an integer. 
S J^!!*"*'^' ^' belonging to fractions. 
i.'"?L?'°"''' "• "OSS ; peevish ; fretfuL 
m xSyTP"' "• * breaking.—w. to break. 
Fragile, a. easily broken ; brittle ; weak. 
Fra-jrll'1-ty, n. brittleness ; weakness. 
PrSg'ment, n. a part broken oflT ; a piece, 
^ragrmen-ta-ry, a. composed of fragments. 

* ra gor, n. a nowe ; a crack ; a crash. 

Fra'grant, a. iL. fragrans) having a 
sweet smell ; od-rous. * 

*ragrant-ly, ad. with sweet smelL 

I'^'^jlj «• ili.fragilis) weak ; infirm. 

* rai ness, n. weakness ; InstabiHty. 
r rail'ty, n. weakness ; infirmity. 

Frail, n. a basket made of rushes. 

Frame, v. (S. fremman) to form by 
uniting several parts ; to make ; to fit ; ti 
regulate ; to contrive.— n. a structure com- 
posed of parts united; a fabric; order: 
scheme ; contrivance ; shape. 

Fram er, n. one who frames ; a maker. 

Frfime'w^rk, n. work done in a frame. 

Fran'shige, n. (Fr. franc) privilege : 

right ; exemption.— V. to make free. 
*ran fhi^e-ment, n. relMW ; freedom. 


Fran-gi-bll'i-ty, n. state of being frangible. 

FrSnk, a. (Fr. franc) free ; liberal ; 
open; ingenuous.— v. to exempt from 
postage.— n. a letter which pays no postage. 

Frank'iy, ad. freely; liberally; openly. 

* ""f ".-^ "."^ss.n-plainness ; openness ; liberalitj. 
trank'yliase, n. liberty of free chase. 

* ranjt in-fense, n. an odoriferous drug. 
Frank'lm, n. a freeholder ; a steward. 

Fate. fit. far. fill; me. met, there, h^r; pine. pin. field, fir; n0te.n0t.n6r.m6v.rrf.; 




FrXnk, n. (Fr. franc) a place to feed 
Bogg in.-a. fatted.-t>. tc shut up in a ity j 
to fatten. *^ ' ' 

Pran'tic.a. (Gr. phren) mad : furious. 
*ran tlc-ly, ad. madly; distractwlly. 

Fra-t^r'nal, a. (L. /rater) brothorly. 
Jra-tLVnl-ty, n. brotherhood ; a society. 
l-ra-tfir'nlEO, «;. to associate as brotliers. 
* ra-t^r-ni-z&'tion, n. union at of brothers. 
rnt rl-cide, n. the murder of a brother • 
one who kilU a brother. ' 


.1 y. '. •-• vj. n. deceitful- 

new; tricltislinoss; proneness to artifice, 
rrau du- ent, a. full of fraud ; done by fraud. 
Krau'du-lent-ly, ad. by fraud; deceitfully. 
Fraught, frSt» a. (Ger./racht) laden ; 

cliarged; filled; stored. ' 

I'raught'af;e, n. lading; cargo. 

a ttght,-v. to fright ; to terrify. * 

Fray. V. (L./ncc) to rub ; to wear. 
Fray'lng, n. the peel of a deer's horn. 

Freak, n. {Ger. frech) a whim ; a fancy, 
ii""? .,!*."• "• capricious ; humoursome. 
f rfak'ista-ness, n. capriciousness. 

Freak, v. (Ger.^cAr?) to variegate. 

Frfic^k e, n. a yellowish spot in the skin. 

FrCc'k ed, a. marked with yellowish spots. 

* rCc'kle-fflf ed, a. having freckles on the face. 

Free, a. (S.freo) having liberty ; not 
enslaved ; untestrained ; (^en ; frank ; 
liberal ; innocent ; exempt.— p. to set at 
liberty; to rescue; to clear; to rid from. 

Free dom, n. liberty ; independence ; privi- 
lege; exemption; laclhty; frankness: 
licence; familiarity. 

Free'ly, ad. with freedom ; frankly ; liberally. 

*rec ness, n. the being free ; openness ; can- 

1- •l<lV,'"i5?"®''°*''y' "berality; gratuitousness. 
l;ree'bddt-er, m. a robber; a plunderer, 
t ree bddt-ing, n. robbery ; plunder. 
Free'born, a. free by birth. 
Free'cOst, n. freedom frt)m expense. 
Free-dfin'i-zen, n. a citizen— r. to make free. 
i;^reed man, n. a slave manumitted. 
I- rce ffl6t-od, a. not restrained in marching. 
Free'heftrt-ed, a. liberal ; generous. 
Free'hOld, n. property held In perpetual right. 

* ree'hold-er, n. one who has a freehold. 
Frce'man, n. one who enjoys liberty; one 

not a slave or vassal; one possessed of 

peculiar rights or privileges. 
Free'ma-8on,n.oneof the fratemityof masons, 
t-'^t™!- .".®'^' "• «9iirplexed ; without care. 

* rec sch6dl,>i.a scWihThere no fees are paid, 
t ree'spo-ken, a. speaking without reserve. 
*re6 stone, n. a kind of stone easily wrought. 
Free thJnk-er, n. an unbeliever ; an infidel. 
Pree'think-lng, n. unbelief; infidelity, 
tree tdngued, a. speaking freely and openly. 
rree-wlU', n. the power of directing our own 

actions; voluntariness; spontaneousness. 
Free wdm-an, n. a woman not enslaved. 

Freeze. V. (S./n/san) to be congealed 
by cold; to harden Into ice; to chili: 
p. t. froze ; p.p. frO'zen. 

Freight,frat, n , (Ger./racht) the carM 

or lading of a ship ; the money due Tot 
transportation of goods.— «. to load a shin 
with goods: J..<.fr6ight'ed; p.p.freight'eS 
or fraught. 

Fr6iKh»'.«^io, n. transportation of goods. 

freight ef, n. one who freights a vesseL 

FrSncA, a. belonging to France 

w. the people oi- language of France. 

"Jll*."''' "• *•» ""*■'« French; to Infod 
with the manner of the French. 
Fron li'llke, a. imitating the French. 

Frgn'zy, n. (Gr. phren) madness. 
Fre-nCt'ic, a. mad ; distracted. 
FrCn'zi-cal, a. approachhig to madness. 

Fre'quent, a. {h. frequent) often dona. 

seen, or occurring; full; crowded. 
Fre-quCnt', v. to visit often ; to resort to. 
*requenfe,».crowd; concourse; repetition 
* re quen-cy, n. occurrence often repeated, 
rre-quent'a-ble, a. conversable; accesuiblc. 
I rc-quen-ta't ion, n. act of visiting; resort. 
Pre-quent a-tive, a. denoting frequency, 
Fre-quCnt'er, n. one wlio frequents. 
ht6 quent-ly, ad. often ; commonly. 

FrSs'co, n. (It.) coolness ; shade : a 
painting on fresh plaster. 

FrSsh, a. (S. fersc) cool ; not salt : 

new: recent; vigorous; healthy; brisk. 

• — n. water not salt ; overflowing of a river 

FrCsh'en, v. to make or grow fresh. 

Fresh'et, n, a stream of fresh water. 

PrCsh'ly, od. coolly ; newly; ruddilv. 

Fresh'ness, n. the state of being fresh. 

Frfish'blOwn, a. newly blown. 

FrCsh'man.n. a novice ; one in the rudiments ; 
one of the youngest class of students. 

Fr6sh'man-ship, n. the state of a freshman. 

Fresh'new, a. wholly unacquainted. 

FrCsh'wa-ter, a. raw ; unskilled. 

Frfish'wa-tered, a. newly watered. 

Fr^t, V. (S. fretan) to corrode ; to 
rub ; to wear away ; to agitate; to vex ; 
to form into raised work ; to variegatft— 
n. agitation ; irritation ; raised work ; the 
stop which regulates the vibrations of a 
musical instrument. 

Fret'ffll, a. distiosed to fret ; peevish. 

S'wf?'*"®"' *• peevishness ; ill-humour. 

*ret ting. n. agitation ; commotion. 

Frl'a-ble, a. (L./rto) easily crumbled^ 
FrI-a-bll'i-ty, n. the quality of being easily 
crumbled or reduced to powder. 

Frl'ar, n. (L. frater) a brother of 

some monastic order ; a monk. 
Pri'ar-ly, Frl'ar-like, a. like a friar. 
Fri ar-y, n. a monastery.— a. like a friar. 

FribTjle, v. (L. frivoltis) to trifle: to 

totter.— o. trifling; silly; frivolous. 
Frib'bler, n. a trifler. 

Fr?c-as-see', n. (Fr.) a dish made by 
cutting chickens, rabbits, or other ituali 
animals in pieces, and dressing- them in 
strong sauce — v. to dress in fricassee. 

Fri-ca'tion,n. (L./rico) act of rubbina, 
Frlc'tion, n. tie act or effect of rubbing. 

tabe.tQb.fOU; crj,crfpt,m^rhj tail, bOf , Oflr, nflw, a«*j fede.gem, rai|e,e^irt,tW» 






Frfday, n. iS, frig-dajf) llio hIxUi day 

of til* WMk. 

Friend, n. (S. frennrl) ono johiod to 
Mother by Mfrtc'tlon i «ii Intlniivtit iic<|iiitliit- 
mica 1 m c<>iii|Nitiion i n fiivmircr.— v. to 
fiivourt t<t t'(iiiiitutinnc« ; to ■iiiii><trt« 

Fri^mrou, a. Iiii-llnoil tolovu ; woirillHiinxpd. 

I'Vl^iid'hiM, <i. without frIoniJst ilimtltuto. 

FiK'iiil'lIku, «. hku M rrU<ii(t I kind. 

Fri^Mdl^v, 11. hAvhia tho itlipoNltlon of n 
frioiid i kind ( ftivolirnhlo ; unilciiblo { mUu- 
titry — int. Ill tho iiinnnor of a frioiid. 

1'ViCnd'll nuiM, n. diii|Mititlon to frIondHhIp. 

Pni^nd'RliliMi.lntliimoy iinltod with iin'oction t 
|iur»onul kiiidiiciui ; nHiiilty ; UMUtuiica 

FrlO«c, Friio, n. (Fr. fristi) a conrso 
woollen cloth I tho flat iiiombor batwoan 
thu urchltrava and tbu cornloc. 

FriOtu'liko, a. rosotublliiK a frloio. 

Frttc'ato, n. (Fr. fr(gnte) a ship of 
wur •iiinll«r than a »hl|i of th« line. 

Fright, frit, e. (S./nA/«n) to terrify; 

to duunt I to diiiimy.-Hi. •uddoii tornir. 
KriKbl'un, v. to torrify | to ihouk with dread, 
KriKht'fAI. <!. terrible I droadriil. 
KrlKlit'fai-ly, <ut. drttulfully ; horribly. 
1'VlKht'KU-iittu.n.qtialltyoiiinproMliig terror. 

FrT^'id, a. (h.frigeo) cold ; dull. 
Fri-gld'i-ty, n. ctildneu ; diilnwt. 
Vt\f\i\-\y, aO. coldly i dully. 
Frltco-rlflo, a. causing cold. 

Frfnffo, n. {Ft. /hinge) an oni.imontal 
border of loose threadi; edge; iiuirgiii.-- 
V. to Mdom with fringes. 

Frln^y. a. •domed with frlngos. 

Frliife'inflk-er, n. a manufacturer of Mngei. 

FrTp'pcr, n. (Fr./WjB#r) a brokor. 
FrIp'tHtr-y, n. old dotliMt a ptnce where old 
clotiioaaroaold.— a. trlHinK ; conteiuptiblo. 

Frfsk, t>. (Gor. frisch) to leap ; to 
nklp : to gainhol.— n. a frolic— <i. lively. 

FriHk'ul, N. a leapt a ciu)or. 

Frisk'cr, n. one who frUkt ; a wanton. 

Frlsk'fUl, <i. full of gaiety. 

FriNk'inR, n. firoHcsoniO diincinjr. 

Frlsk'y, a. frolirsome j gay ; airy. 

Frlsk'et, n. a franio to oouflue tiio ■beets of 
p»l>cr b printing. 

Frith, n. (L. /return) a narrow pasa- 
a^o of the sea i an estuary. 

Frith, n. CW.ffiHh) a woody place. 
FrUh'y, a, woody. 

FrH'tor, n. (L./nV/wm) a small pioco 
cut to be fried.— V. to cut or break into 
small pieces. 

Frtv'o-long, <?. (L. frimlus) slijfht ; 

trifling ; of little worth or importance. 
Pri-yfll'i-ty, n. trifllnjnicsa. 
Priv' triflingly ; without weight. 
Friv'o-lous-ucss, n. want of importance. 

Frte, V. {Fr. /riser) to curl ; to crisp. 
Fri-seur', n. (Fr.> a hair-drcsscr. 
Frirale, r. to curl,^n. a curl. 

FrC, ad. (S./ro) backward. 

FnVk, n. (Fr. yroo) a kind of oMt ; • 

gown for clilUiriiii t a druiti. 

FrtV. t>. (.S./ni//rt) a siaall ainphibiiui 
nnliiinl i a kind of tossol. 

Fr«rio, a. CS. /rco, lia) gay ; full of 

levity.— n. n priuiU.— 1». to plii.v pranks. 
Froiic-ly, ml. with mirth and Kiiinty. 
f'rOl'Ic-neiui, ii. wild gnli>tv J prank*. 
KrOlic-iioiiiti, a. full of wild giiUitv. 
Froriu toiiie-ness, n. wild gitiuty 't pranka 

Frflin, nrrp. {S./mm) noting prirs* 
tlon, dittunoe, absence, or departure. 

FriJiid, M. {h./ronn) a loafy branch. 
Frou-da'tioii, M. m lopping of trees. 

Frt^nt, n. (L./rons) tho forehead ; tho 

face i the van of an army ; the fore part of 

any thing.— v. to oppose b" ) to face ; to 

staiKl foremost. 
Front'al, a. relating to the forehead.- n. any 

thing applied to the foreheuil. 
Fr6iit'od, u. formed with a front. 
FrAii'tlCr, n. tho limit; tho border; the 

iitinost verge of a country. -n. lK)rdoring. 
Fr()i>'tiOrcd, a. giiardeil on thu frontiers. 
Froiil'U>Mi( a. void of shame; iii)i)iident. 
Fri'Mit'let, n. a bandage worn on the lorehoad, 
Fr(\nt'l>0s, n. a box in tho theatre from 

which there is a direct view of the stage. 
FrOu'tis-plOrei »• an ornament or picture 

frontiiiK the first page of a hook. 
Fr6nt'ri)6m, tt. a room in the foro part of a 


FrcJp'piah, a, peevish ; froward. 

I'rOre, a. ( I). t»»oor) frozen. 
FrO'ry, a. troton ; like hoar-frost., n. (S./orsl) tho power or act 
of free«ing ; a fluid oongoalcd by oolil. 

Frost'od, 0. OS if covered with hoar-frost. 

Fn^ist'y, a. producing or containing fi-ostj 
rciiembling frost ; very cold ; hoary. 

FrOst'i-ly, ad. with frost ; very coldly. 

FrflsfbU-toii, <J. nipped by tho 'rt)st. 

Fri^st'nAil, n. a nail driven into a horse's shoo, 
to prevent it from slipping on the ice. 

Frast'w6rk, >i. work resembling hour-froit 

Froth, n. (Gr. aphro.<i) foam ; sptimo ; 
empty show.— V. to foam ; to cause to fooni. 
FrOth'y, a. full of foam ; soft ; empty. 
FrOth'I-noss, n. tho being frothy ; cniptinesa 

FrSilnco, v. {Ft. /roncer) to frizilo ; 

to curl.— ». a curl ; a wrinkle ; a plait. 
Froun^o'lesa, a. witiiout wrinkle. 

Fr8u'5iy,a.fetid; musty; dim; cloudy. 

FrO'ward, a. {S. /raateeard) pcrvoraej 

peevish; refractory ;migovernable. 
FrO'ward-ly, aiL perversely ; peevishly. 
FrO'ward-ucss, n. pcrverscness ; peevishness. 

Fro'wor, n. a cleaving tool. 

Frov\n, V. (Fr. /roncer 1) to look 

stern.— n. a look of displeasure. 
FrO\\ n'ing-ly, ad. with a look of Oisplcosuro. 

Fro'zcn,fro'zn, p.p.o^/reesc.—a. con- 

gealcd; cold; cnilf; subject to frost. 
Fr0'«en-ncs8, »i, the state of being froien. 

Fate, fat,, f^ll ; mC, niCt, tliCro, hir ) pine, pin, field, fir ; ncte, nflt, nCr, mAre, sAn* 



Prlio'U-fy. Soo under Fruit. 

6toii(.mli-»l 1 not IttvUh. ' 

I-'|.iy, n. lliilfi J ucnnnniv. 
FrnKHl-ly, ad. thilfillyj »|mrir.u1y. 
*r»i-pU'8r-«u.i, 0. bourliig Iniit. 

Frftlt, n. iL./rmttu) tlio product of 
ft troo OP |>lnnt In which tlia tved U coii- 
tnlnc.1, or which U uiad for food j tlii off- 
••prlng of nn nnliiMl ; production ; onr«ct 

m "'J"'I"««"1«")"C0.— V. to i.roduco fruit. 

rrn,f ■'/' v..'" '"»'««/'"'»'"' i to bcnr fruit, 
•rOctl-M-ca'tlon, n. tho net of fruotlfylujf. 


rrOc-tu-A'tlon, m. product j fi'idt. 
}• rOc tu-onii, a. furtllo ; cuusing furtlllty. 
I;rQ U U(fo. n. fruit collectively ; vurloui. fruits. 
!• rO t er-«r, n. oiio who trades in fruit. 

Kpnu'w;^'""?"!,.*-"""'''*^"/"'^'" P'"«" '"'fruit. 

J/a M? ■'i'' "'*• ttbunduntly; picntoously. 
FrS T^'""""? "• '"'""tyj pVodnctlvcnoM. 
ivA, '**•."• '"'"«" i*»'n i unprolltablo. 

I«rOll luM-no»», «. Imrrcniii'Hs: vanity. 

I/a h'!'""'""*"'' "• *''»' *•''*;'' produces fruit. 
£::?''«f'->DK,a.i,r.ulucinK fruit. 
ITQ t (ffftve, n. a plftntatioii of frult-troos. 
f ruit troo, n. a tree that produces fruit. 

teVf'""'"' <L./r«i7ujft) enjoyment. 
I'rO i-tlvo, a. enjoying; possessing. 

Frfl'mon-ty, n. (L. frumentum) food 

made of wlioat boiled In milk. 
FrQmp, t>. to mock.—n. a joko. 
Frueh, v. (.Vr. froisser) to bruiso. 
Frflfi'trato, v. (h.frttstra) to defeat: 

to d sappolnt ; to nullify.-a. valu j in- 

GfTectual; null; dlsinipointcd. 
Fru».tr.Vno-ou8, a. vain ; unprofitable. 

K-Iift^'f.^"""' "• '!'»nPP"l"tnient; djfeat. 
iTOs ta-to-ry, a. that makes void. 

Frus'tum, n. (L.) a piece of a solid 
body cut olT. 

Fr4'ti-cant,a. (L./rw/tfaOfull of shoots. 

^l?t «• iL.friffo) to dresB in a pan on 
the Are J to bo roasted in a pan ; to melt. 
— n. a dish of any thing fried. 

I'ry ing.pan, n. a pan for frying food. 

Fub, V. iGer. foppeti) to delay ; to cheat. 
Ffl'cus, n. (L.) paint ; disguise. 
PO'cato, PQ'cat-ed, a. painted ; disguised. 

Fiid'dle^.toinakodnmkjto intoxicate. 
FQd'dler, n. a drunkard. 

Fiid^e, in/, au expression of contempt. 

Fu'ol, n. (Ft. feu) the matter or ali- 
nientof fire.— V. to feed with combustible 
matter j to store with firing. 

Pa'el-Ier, n. one that supplies fuel. 


Fill 'crura, n. (I,.) a prop ; a ropport. 
1 01 vlnicnt, n. a prop j a support. ' *^ 

V ^!f^J, '" P«"''»«'»" i to complete 
L.A I If"' "• °"« *''» f"<fll^ 

I'OI-fTl'ment, n. »<;complisbm«ntj PwW 
anoej completion j •mcutloo. *~"*""^ 
Far^cnt.a. (L./u//7M)Bhining; bright. 
FO gor, n. splendour j daiillng brightoesi. 
JO «u-rant, a. lightening; flaslilngf 
lal «"Tate ». to emit fiashei of l&it 
I- ol-gu-ra'tion, n. the act of lightening. 
Fu-llff'l.nous, a. (L.fuliffo) woty. 
Fu-ltp', ad. in a sooty state.' 
FQ'li-mart. See Foumart. 
Fiill, a. (S.) having no empty «Daco • 
replete: abounding" supplleS t^ pC .' 
saturated, complete; UrSe , strong ma-* 
tiire.— n. complete measure ; the whole.— 
„^'; quite S exactly ; directly. 
Fft ly, ad. completely ; entirely, 
l-ainess, n. the state of being fiill; com. 

pictoncss ; abundance ; satiety ; plenty. 
S^ ":c"rncd, a. fed full with aionii. ' 
pS 'MA*'"®*'' ?•>»«"» pertfect bloom. 
»S /KA.T* «-/u"y expanded op distended. 

r.? jli''2!"''"J"'J • «• ■'»*'»? » '"" bottom. 
Pa IbQt, ad. directly antTwith violence/ 
Fail fhAr^'ed, a. charged to the utmost. 
«?!w?*""".®^» "• cramuied to satiety. 
1,9 l^""®""^' "■ «Iresi»ed in form. 

Sa /£.*!*'• if-''"*'"? heads full of grain, 
?.A /# ?• ".• '"^ '° fulness ; sated ; fat. 
J^fl ftfiught. a. fully stored. 
FOIl'gOryed, a. too much fed 

Falt'OT^Wn. /> nn.n..l«>..l.. 

Fu-ga yioiis, a. iL.fiwto) flying away. 
Fu-ga'9iou3-nes8, n. quality of living away. 
Fu-gflc'i-ty, n. volatility; uncertainty. 
Fu ^-tlve, a. apt to fty away ; volatile ; un- 

stitble; fleeting; wandering; perishable. 

—n. a runaway; a deserter. 

HJJ "grown, a. completely grown. 
Fa he4rt-ed, a. full of confidence. 
£9 ,r/*V "• 'leated to the utmost. 
J," ''a-den, a, laden to the lulL 

Prt l™""?!?''? "■ ''i"y f"''si'»h«)d with men. 
WA /-'JIk"^'*"'''.'*- ^=*^'"K » •trona voice. 
>a 1 Orbed, a. having the orb complete. 

Wft /SP/*"^'^- fP'"''*'' *" *''« "t'^o't e«tent 
t.A A'SS"?'^*"'*'' "• <;rwnmed in thestomacb. 
Fa stOflFed, a. filled to the utmost extent, 
f,"' summed, a. complete in all its parts. 
1' Oil winged, a. having large or strong wings. 

Ffill, V. (S. /w//tan) to cleanse and 

t|| cken cloth in a mill. 
Fa erj n. one whose trade Is to full clotlL 

Fail'mg-mlll, n. a mill for fulling cloth. 

Ffirnii-nato, v. CL./ulmen)to thunder 

to explode ; to denounce. 
Fa-mi-na'tion, n. tho act of fulminating. 
1 01 mme, v. to thunder; to speak with power. 

Far8ome,a.(S./M7) nauseous ;offen8ira 
i,° ^onie-ly, ad. nauseously ; offensively. 
* 01 some-ness, n. nauseousness ; fouJaeas. 

Furvid,fl.(L./M/wi«) yellow; tawny 

»be, tttb. fOU ; cry, cpfpt. mjrrh j toil, bfty, flflr, n8*, ne«r , yede, pem. ralfe. iihlTtbto 








FQinl>lo, V. (D. /ommelen) to attempt 

awkwardly i to Imndle .iiiich t to [luzzlo. 
Pdriii'blur, N. on« who fumblM. 
FQiu'bliiig-ly, ad. in an awkward manner. 

tOmo, n. (L./umus) smoko; ■vapour; 
rngo : idle cuiicett — v. to .iiuuke ; io rage. 
Fii-inxdo, n. a Kinokcd HHh. 
I''a'ma-to-ry, Fo'nil-tcr, n. a plant. 
Fii-in#tt«', n. the icent of meat. 
I'fi'iiiid, a. tiuoky s vaporous. 
Ka'iiil gate, V. to smoke ; to perfume. 
KO-inl-gA'tton, n. acont rniicu bv iinokc. 
FQ'niiiiKi n. the act of scenting by smoke. 
Fa'ming-ly, ad. angrily ; In a rage. 
Fa'mUli, a. smoky; hot; choleric. 
FQ'mous, Fa'my, a. producing fumos. 

FQ'inot,n. (h.Jimus) the dung of dcor. 

(^un, n. (S. ftegen t) sport ; merriment. 
FOn'ny, a. droll; comical. 

Fu-n'im'bu-list, n. (L. funis, ambulo) 

a rope-dancer. 
Fu-nam'bu-ia-to>ry, a, like a rope-dancer. 

Func'tion, n. (L. functus) employ- 
ment; office; occupation; power. 
FOnc'tlou-a-ry, n. one who holds an ofHco. 

Fund, n. (L. funda) stock; capital; 
money lent to government. — v. to place in 
a fund. 

FQn'da-ment, n. (L. /undo) founda- 
tion ; the lower part of the body; the scat. 

ron-da-mCnfal. a. serving for the foimda- 
tlon : essential ; important.— n. a leading 
principle ; an essential part. 

Fan-da-mCnt'al-ly .ad.esscntially ; originally. 

FQ'nor-al,n. {h.funus) burial ; inter- 
nient.— a. pertaining to burial ; mourning. 
Fu-ne'bri-al, a. belonging to funerals. 
FCcnor-&'tion, n. the act of burying. 
Fu-ne'rc-al,a.relating to a funeral; mournful. 
Fu-nCst', a. doleful ; lamentublo. 

FQn'gus, n. (L.) a mushroom ; an ex- 
Fun^e, n. a blockhead ; a dolt ; a fool. 
Fun-gOs'i-ty, n. soft excrescence. 
Fan'gous, a. excrescent ; spongy. 

Funk, n. an offensive Bmcll.— v. to 
emit an oiTenslve smelL 

Fun'nol. n. (W. fynel) an inverted 
cone with a pipe ; a passage ; the shaft of 
a chimney. 

Fur. n. (Fr. fourrer) skin with soft 

hofr; soft hair.— a. mdJe of fur.— v. to 

cover with fur. 
FOr'ri-er, n. a dealer in Urn, 
POr'rl-er-y, n. furs in general. 
FDr'ry , a. covered with fur ; consisting of fur. 
FOr'bo-lOw, n. fur or trimming round the 

lower part of a woman's dress. — v. to adorn 

with furbelows^ 
FOr'wrougbt, a. made of fiir. 

Fur'bish, v. (Fr. fourbir) to burnish ; 
to polish : to rub to brightness. 

Fur-ca'tion, n. (L. furca) division 
like a fork. 

Fiir'dle, t». (Fr. fardeau) to draw up 
into a bundle. 

FQr'Air, n. (L.) hnsk ; aourf ; dandruft 
FQ'ri-oua. See under Fury. (Fr. ferlcr) to draw or wrap up 

Filr'lona', n. (S. far, lam/) a mcaaui\ 
of lengtli ; the eighth part of a wile. 

Fur'lough, fik'lo, «. (I), verlqf) t 
temporary leave of absence. 

Fflr'mcn-ty. See Frumenty. 

Far'na90, n. (L.fornax) a place foi 
melting metals ; an inclosed lirtplace. 

Fur'uish, t». (Vr.fournir) to supplyi 
to store ; to fit up ; to equip. 

FDr'nish-er, n. one who furnishes. 

FQr'nlHh-ii)g, n. a sample ; a show. 

FOr'ni-turo, n. moveables; goods; equipage. 

Fiir'row, n. (S. fur) a small trench 
made bv a plough.— v. to cut in furrows. 

FQr'row-fa9cd, a. having a wrinkled facs. 

For'row-wocd,n. a weed growing on ploughed 

Fur'thor, a. (S. forth) at a greater 
distance. — ad. to a greater distance. — v. to 
promote ; to advance ; to assist. 

For'ther-anfe, n. promotion ; advancement. 

FOr'ther-or, n. a promoter; nn advancer. 

FOr'thuHt, a. at tlio greatest distnnce- 

FOr'thcr-mOre, ad. moreover ; besides. 

Fur'tive, a. (L.fur) stolen. 

Fa'ry, n. (L. furo) madness; rage] 

passion ; frenzy ; a raging woman. 
Fo'ri-ous, a. mud ', raging ; violent. 
FQ'ri-ous-iy, ud. madly; violently. 
FQ'ri-ous-ness, n. madness ; frensy. 
FQ'run-cle, n. an angry pustule ; a boll. 
FQ'ry-lIke, a. raving ; raging ; violent. 

Furze,n. (S./yrs)a prickly shrub ; whin. 
FOrz'y, a. overgrown with furze. 

Fus'cous, a. (L.fuscus) brown ; dark. 

Fo^e, V. CL.fusum) to molt: to liquefy. 
FQ'jI-ble, a. that may be melted. 
PCl-fi-bll'1-ty, n. quality of being fusible. 
FQ'file, a. capable of being melted ; flowing. 
FQ'jfiou, n. the act of melting ; fluidity. 

Fu-sce', n. (L.fusus) the cone round 
which the chain of a watch is wound. 

Fu-86e' n. (Fr.) a musket ; a pipe for 

firing a bomb. 
Fu-;il', fu-ic', n. a musket ; a firelock. 
F Q-}i-leCr', n. a soldier armed with a musket. 

Fuss, n. (S.fus) a bustle ; a tumult. 

Fust,n. (Fr.fut) the shaft of a column; 

a strong smul. — v. to become mouldy. 
FOst'ed, a. mouldy ; having a bad smelL 
Fast'y, a. ill-smelling ; mouldy. 
F&st'i-ness, n. mouldiness ; bad smell. 

Fiist'ian, n. (Fr. futaine) a kind ol 
cloth ; an inflated style of writing ; bom* 
bast.— a. made of fustian ; bombastic. 

FQst'ian-ist, n. a writer of bombast. 

Fus'tic,n.(L./us^is)a kind of dye- wood, 

Fus'ti-gate, v. (L.fustis) to cudgel. 
Ftks-ti-ga'tion, n. a beating with a cu^eL 

Vate.fat, fit, fall; me, !»«> th£re, hit; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nOr, mdve, eSa < 





Fn'tilo,a.( r../«/i7w)trifliiiK; wortlilo"*' 

Kii-tll i-ty, n. trilliiigncu ; wani of woIb' 

FQ'turo, a. (L, fulurus) that is to be 

or coiiio hcr<»iif;cr.--n. time to come. 
Pa'tiiro-ly, eut. tn time to como. 
{• O-tii-ri'tlon, n. tlie being future. 
lu-tQ rity, ti. lime or event to coino. 

Fuzzj w. to ay out in Binall partlcloi. 
I'uii'biUI, n^ kind of fungu*. 

Fdz'zle, V. to make tiruulc. 

Fy, in:, (S. yffln) a word which ox- 
preiseB blame, dislike, or contempt 


cab, V. (S. ffabban) to talk idly; to 

prato.— n. loquacity. 
Gabble, V. to talk without meaning; to 

utter inarticulate sounds.— n. tulk without 


GSb'ar-dino, n. (Sp. gabardina) a 
coarse frock ; a mean dress. 

9'W; "• ^*'''- fidbelle) a tax. 
Cfbol-lcr, n. a collector of taxes. 

Ga'bi-on, n. (Fr.) a basket filled with 
earth, used in fortification. 

C'ITjIo, n. (Gor. giebel) the triangular 
end of a house. 

Pfj^I."- ^^-^ * wedge; a stile or graver. 
Gfld'Hy, n. a fly that stings cattle. 

GKd, V. (S. /7a?i1) to ramble about. 
Gfld der, n. one who goes about idly. 
Gad dins, n. a going about. 
Gild ding-ly, ad. in a gadding manner. 

Gaelic, n. (L. Gallia) a dialect of the 
Celtic language— a. pertaining to the 
Gaelic language. 

Guf for, ». (S. gcfera) an old rustic. 

Gaf'fle, n. (S, ^(7/frtj?) a iover to bond 

a cross-bow ; an artificial spur for a cock. 
Gag, V. (S. cagy to stop the mouth.— 

n. something to stop speech. 
Oag'ger, n. one who gags. 

Ga^e, n. (Fr.) a pledge ; a pawn ; a 
measure ; a rule.— », to pledge ; to measure. 

GSg'gle, t>. (D. gaggelen) to make a 

noise like a goose. 
Gag'gling, n. a noise made by geese. 

Gfli'e-ty. See under Gay. 

Gain, V. (Fr. gagner) to obtain; to 
win ; to attain ; to have advantage or 
profit; to advance.— u. profit J advantage. 

Gam'er, n. one who gains. 

Gain'fOI, a. advantageous ; lucrative. 

Oain'fQl-ly, ad. profitably; advantageously. 

Gam^ai-ness, n. profit ; advantage. 

Uiiin less, a. unprofitable ; of no advantage. 

Gain'less-ness, n. unprofitableness. 

Gain ly, ad. handily ; readily ; dexterously. 

Oflin',n. (againtt,giv«)tki^rituk 
against ; a mii«lving. ^ 

Gnin'sfly, v. (againtt, satf) to contra 

diet } to oppos« J to dispute ; to deny. 
Gftln'sly-cr, n. one who contradicts. 
Galn's«y-ing. n. opposition, 

Gai'risli. See Garish. 

Gait, n. (D. gat) a wav ; march ; (hi 

manner and air of walking. 
Oait'ed, a. having a particular gait. 

Gai'tor. n. (Fr. guilre) a covering of 
doth for the leg.— 1>. to dress with gaitera, 
Gala, n. (Sp.) show ; festivity. 
Ga-la^'. SooGaloche. 

Gai'ax-y, n. (Gr. gala) the milky way: 
a splendid assemblage. 

Gul'ba-num, n. (L.) a rcsiuoua gum. 

Gale, n. dr. gal) a strong wind. 

^ilh'a-hellt? ^^- ^''^'''^ '^'"''^ ''- 

S^r^"};'?^' ?• *'^® doctrine of Galen. 
Oa-ien'ic, Oo-len'i-cal. a. relating to Oalci, 
or his method of treating diseases. ' 

Oai en-ist, n. a follower of Galen. 

bitter; bitterness of mind; rancour; apgei^ 
G« ess, a. without p.ll or bitterness! 
Gall y, a. like gall ; bitter as gall. 
GUI some, a. angry ; malignant. 

Gall, «. (Fr. galer) to fret the skin by 
rubbing; to tease ; to vex.— n. a slight hurt. 

Giill, n. (L. galla) an excrcsccuco on 
the oak tree. 

GSHant. o. (Fr..j7rt/rtn/) cay ; splendid : 

brave ; lilgh-splrftcd ; nol^e ; cofirtly. ' 
Gal-Iflnt', a. polite and attentive to ladies.— 

n. a gay, sprightly man ; a wooer.— r. to 

pay attention to ladiei. 
Gill' ant-ly.od. bravely; nobly; splendidly. 
G.1 ant-ness, n. elegance ; accomplishment. 
Gallant-ry, n. show; bravery; nobleness; 

polite attention to women ; lewdness. 
GjilTor-y, n. (Fr. galerie) a passace 

leading to several apartments ; a balcony 

round a building ; a long room. ^ 

GSney, n. (L. galea) a vessel navi- 
gated with soils and oars ; a place of toil 
and misery. 

Gal^e-as, n. a heavy low-built vessel. 

Gai le-on, n. a large Spanish ship. 

Oal'li-ot, n, a small galley. 

Oariey-ffllst, n. a barge of state. 

Gai'ley-slave, n. a person condemned to row 
in tlie galleys. 

Gail'iard, a. (Fr. gaillard) brisk ; gay: 

n.lvv^'7,"' * ^"^y ""*" ' * »P"ShtIy danc«. 
oai liard-lje, n. merriment ; gaiety. 
Gai'liard-ness, n. gaiety; cheerfulness. 

Gaiaic, Gani-can,a.( L.6'a//ia)French 
Gal'li-9i5m, n. a French idiom. 

Gal-li-gSs'kinji, (L. caliga, Va*- 
cmium) largo open nose. 

kQbe, tab, fail; cry,crypt,m^rhj toil, boy, 0Qr,naw, new; 9edo,fcm,rs'«>,e,i8t,thi« 




OSl-Ii-ma'tia, n. (Fr. ffnlimatias) uon- 
»eno8 ; talk without meaning. 

Gai-li-milu'fry, n. (Fr. galimafrce) a 
hotch-potc»- ; a has!i ; n niedley. 

Gai-li-nri\'cous,a. (L. qallus) denoting 
l)irds of the pheasant lii'nd. 

CTini-pot, n, (clay, pofi) a small 
eartiien pot painted and p'.azed. 

GSl'lon, n. (L. Inf/enrA) a liquid mea- 
sure of four quarts. 

Gal-loon', n. {Yi.nalon) a kind of close 

GSriop, V. (Fr. galop) to move forward 
by leaps ; to move very fast.— i;. the swiftest 
motion of a horse. 

Gai'lop-er, n. one that gallops. 

GaHow, V. (S. ff<Blan^ to terrify. 

GaHo-wfiy, n. a iiorso of small si..3, 
originally from Galloway in Scotland. 

Gal'low-filass, n. an ancient Irish 

Gallow^, n. (S. ffaha) a beam on 

whieh malefactors are iianged. 
O.ll'lowj-frC-^, a. exempt from being hanged. 
GfU'lowj-treO, n. the tree of execution. 

Ga-locho,ga-l5sh', n. (Fr.) a shoe worn 
over another shoe. 

GSl'va-ni^im, n. (It. Culvani) a species 

of electricity. 
Oal-van'ie, a. pertaining to galvanism. 
Oai'van-Ize, v. to aflect by galvanism. 

Ga-mSsh'es, n. pL short spatterdashes 
worn by ploughmen. 

Gam-ba'docs, n. pi. (It. gamhd) spat- 

Glim 1)10. See under Game. 

Gam-bogo', n. a gum resin, from 

GSm'bol, V. (It. gamba) to dance ; to 
skip ; to frisk.— h! a skip ; a leap ; a frolic. 

Oam'brel, tu the log of a horse.— r. to tie by 
the leg. 

Game, n.iS.gamen) sport ; jest ; a match 
at play ; schei.J0 ; animals pursued in the 
field.— V. to play ; to play for money. 

Gam'ble. v. to play for money. 

Oara'bler, n. on« who plays for money. 

Oame'tome, a. froliceome ; sportive. 

Oarae'ster, w. one addi<;ted to plav. 

Oam'ing, n. the practice of play ing'for money. 

Oame'cOck, n. a cock bred to fight. 

Oame'kcep-er, n. one who protects game. 

Gain mg-hODse, ft. a house for gaming. 

aamjng-ta-ble, n. & table used for taming. 

Glim'mcT,n.<S.gemider) an old woman. 

GSm'mon, «. (It. gamba) the thigh or 
buttock of a hog salted and dried. 

Oam'mon. See Backj^^ammon. 

GSm'iit; »> (Gr. gamma) the scale of 
musiCwt EiOCos. 


Gan'der, n. (S. gandra) the male oi 
the goose. 

GSnff,n.(S.)atroop; ac mpany;aband, 
Qang'way, n. a passage ; a thoroughfar;. 
Gang' week, n. rogation wjek. 

GSn'cli-on, n. (Gr.) a tumor in the 
tenainoua parts. 

Gan'grene, n. (Gr. gangratna) a mor- 
tification.— t^. to bccwne mortified. 
Oan'gre-nate, v. to nroduce a gang'eno. 
Gan'gre-ncus, a. mortified ; putrefied. 

a military punishment in which the criminal, 
running between the raiilu, receives a lash 
from each man. 

Gan'za, n. (Sp.) a kind of wi'd goose. 

^aol, n. (Fr. .17^0/^) a prison ; a place 
of confinement. — w. to imprison. 

^aol'er, n. a keeper of a prison. 

9aol-de-ll v'er-y, n. the judicial process which 
clears gaols by trying the prisoners. 

Gape, cap, v. (S. geapan) to open the 
mouth wide ; to yawn ; to open ; to crave. 
Gaprw. an opening ; a breach ; a holo. 
Gap'cr, M. one who gapes. 
Gap'tdCthed, a. wide between the teeth. 

Garb, n. (Fr. garbe) dress ; clothes j 
habit ; fashion of dress; exterior appearance. 

Gar'bage, n. bowels ; offal ; refuse. 

Gar'blo, v. (L. cribello) to sift; to 

pick out what may suit a purpose. 
Gar'bler, n. one who garbles. 

Gar'boil, n. (It. garbuglio) tumult. 

Cr'den, gfir'Jn, n. (Ger. garten) a 
piece of ground inclosed for the cultivation 
of herbs, flowers, and fruits.— «. to culti- 
vate a garden ; to lay out a garden. 

Gar'den-er, n. one who cultivates a garden. 

Gar'den-ing, n, the cultivation of a garden. 

Gar'den-mouldi «. mould fit 'or a garden. 

Gar'den-plot, n. a plot laid out in a garden. 

GAr'gar-Tze,«. (Gr. gargarigo) to wash 

the mouth with medicated liquor. 
Gar'ga-rijra, n. a wash for the mouth. 

Gar'ect, n. (L. gurges) a distemper in 

Gar'gle, v. (Ger. gurgel) to wash the 
throat.— n. a liquor for washing the throat 

Gar'ish,r (S./7^arM>tan)gaudy; showy, 
Gar'ish-Iy, atU gaudily; splendidly. 
Gar'ish-ness, «. gaudiness ; showy finery. 

Garland, n. (Fr. guirlande) a wreath 
of branches or flowers.— i;. to deck with n 

Gar'lic, n. (S. garleac) a plant. 
Gir'lic-eat-er, n, a mean fellow. 

GAr'mont, n. (Fr. gnrnir) a covering 
for the body; clothes; dress. 

Gar'ner, n. (Jj.granum) a placo whnr& 
grain ii stored. — v. to store as in a gamer. 

FAt*, fat, fir. fill J mfi, met, there, Mr; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nOr, mdve, sfin; 




G&r'net, n. (L. granum) a mineral or 
gem of a red colour. 

Gar'uish. t). (Fr. garnir) to adorn ; to 
embellish.— n. ornament; embelli''.iment. 
Oar'nish- ment, n. ornament ; embellishment. 
Oarni-ture, n. furniture ; ornament. 

Ga.rous, a, (L. garum) rnsemblinff 
pickle made of tlsh. 

GSr'ret, n. (Fr. querite) a room on 

the floor immediately under the roof. 
Gar'rot-ed, a. protected by turrets. 
Oar-ret-eer', n. an inhabitant of a garret. 

GSr'ri-son, n. (Fr. garnison) soldiers 
for the defence of a town or fort ; a forti- 
fied place.— V. to place soldiers in garrison; 
to secure by fortresses. 

Gar'ron, n. (Ir.) a small horse. 

Gar'ru-lous, a. (L. oorrio) talkative. 

Oar-ra'h-ty, «. talkativeness ; loquacity. 

Gar'ter, n. (G. gartur) a string or 
riband to nold up the stocking; the badge 
of an order of knighthood. —w. to bind with 
a garter ; to invest with the garter. 

Gas, n. (S. gast) an aeriform fluid. 
Oaj'e-ous, a. ?iaving the form of gas. 
Ga-jOm'e-ter, n. an instrument to measure 
gas; a reservoir of gas. 

Gas'con, n. a native of Gascony. 
Gas-con-ade', n. a boast.— 1>. to boast. 

Gash, V. (Fr. hacher ?) to cut deep 

n. a deep cut ; a gaping wound. 
Gash'fai, a. full of gashes ; hideous. 

GSsTcinj. See Galligaskins. 

Gasp, V. (Dan. gisper) to open the 

raoath to catch breath.— n. a catch for 


Gast, ♦;. (S.) to frighten ; to terrify. 
Gast'ness, n. fright ; amaaement. 
Gast'ly. See Ghastly. 

GSs'tric, a. (Gr. gaster) belonging to 

the belly or ctomach. 
Gas-trll'o-quist, n. one who speaks as if liia 

voice came from another person or place. 
Gas-trOn'o-my, n. the science of good eating. 

Gat, p. t. of get. 

Gate, n. (S. geai) the door of a city 
or large building; a frame which opens 
and closes the passage into an iiiclosure ; 
an opeiiing ; a way. 

Gat'ed, a. having gates. 

Gate' way, n. the way through a gate 

Gath'er. v. iS. gaderian) to collect ; to 
assemble ; to pick up ; to pluck ; to pucker ; 
to deduce ; to increase ; to generate matter. 
— n. a pucker ; cloth drawn together. 

Gath'er-a-ble, a. that may be gathered, 

Gath'or-er, n. one who gathers. 

Oatli'or-ing, n. an assembly; a collection. 

Gaud, n. ih.gaudeo) a pleasing trifle; 

a toy ; a baubie.r-v. to exult ; to rejoice. 
Oiiud'ed, a. decorated ; coloured. 
«»iurer-y, n. finery; ornaments. 
Gttud'y, a. showy ; ostentatiously fine. 

Oaud'i-Iy, ad. showily ; finely. 
Guud'i-ness, n. showiuoas ; finery. 

Gau^e,«. iFr. jauge) to measure oap«> 
city or power.— n. a measure ; a standanl 
Gau jrer, n. one who measures vessels. 

Gaul'ish,a. relating to Gaul or France. 

Gaunf A. See Ganch. 

G^unt, a. (S. gewanian^ thin ; lean, 

Gaunt'let,n. {Fr. ganl) an iron g\&fB* 

Gauze, n. (Fr. gaze) a kind of tibin 
transparent silk. 

Gave, p. t. of give. 

G3y'el-klnd, n. (S. gifan, eall, cpny a 
tenure by which lands descend Irom a 
father to all his sens in equal portions. 

Gav'ot,n. (Fr.gavotle) a kind of dance. 

Gawk, n. (S. gac) a cuckoo ; a fool. 
Gawk'y, a. awkward ; ungainly; clownish. 

Gay,a. (Fr.gai) airy ; cheerful ; merry ; 

fine ; showy; specious.— n. an ornament. 
Gay'e-ty, Gai'e-ty, n. cheerfulness; finery. 
Gay'ly, Gii'ly, ad. merrily ; cheerfully; finely. 
Gay'ness, n. cheerfulness ; finery. 
Gay'some, a. full of gaiety. 

Gaze, V. (S.gesean) to look intently and 
earnestly.— n. intent regard ; .a fixed look 

Gaze'ful, a. looking intently. 

Gaze'raent, n. view. 

Gaz'er, n. one who galea. 

Gaze'h^ttnd, n. a hound whicli pursues by 
the eye, and not by the scent. 

Gaz'ing-stOck, n. a person or object gazed at. 

Ga.-zeV,n.iFr. gazelle) an Arabian deer 

Ga-zetto', n. (It. gazzetta) a news- 
paper.— w. to insert in a gaaette. 

Qaz-et-tecr', n. a writer or publLsher of news; 
a newspaper ; a geographical dictionary. 

Gear, n. (S. gearwian) furniture ; 
accoutrements; ornaments; stuff; goods. 

Geese, pi. of goose, 

^cl'a-tTne, ^e-lSt'i-nous, a. (L. gelu) 
formed into a Jelly; resembling jelly. 

Geld, «. (S. gylte) to castrate. 
Geld'er, n. one who gelds. 
GCld'ing, n. a castrated horse. 

^el'id, o. (L gelu) very cold. 

(jeHy. See Jelly. 

^em, n. (L. gemma) a jewel ; a pre- 
cious stone; a bud.— v. to adorn with 
jewels ; to put forth the first buds. 

9em'ma-ry, a. pertaining to gems or Jewels. 

(ii*m'me-ou3, a. of the nature of gem& 

ycm'my, a. rescmbUng gems. 

^em'el, n. (L. gemellus) a pair. 

^5m'i-nate, r. (L. yemino) to. double. 
9em-l-na'tion, n. repetition ; reduplication 
96m'i-nl, »t. (L.) oneof the signs of the zodiac^ 

?£ui''i-nous, 9. double ; existing in pairs, 
em'i-ny, n. twins ; a pair ; a couple. 

tabe, tOb, fall ; ctf. erf pt, rai^-rhj tOTl, boy. OOft nO*, ne* ; fedt, gom, raljo, afist, this 




^fti'der. n. ( L. germs) a kind ; a sex ; 
dutlnction of sex.— «. to beg«t ; to produce. 

P^?:«-»l'o-gy, n. (Or. genoi, logos) 

?nutor3r of tne descent of a personor family. 
en-e>a-lo^.cal, o. pertaining to descent, 
en-e-aro-^ist, n. one who traces descents. 

p8n'or-al, a. (L. genus) relating to a 

whole kind or order ; public ; common ; 

usual; compendioHs.--n. the whole; the 

commander of an army. 
9^n-er-aI>ls'si-mo, n. the supreme com* 

manderj the commaacter is cUef. 
Gen-er-<11-ty, n. the main body; the bulit 
yen'er-d>Ice, t;. to reduce to a genus; to 

arrange under general heads. 
9en-er-ai-i-z&'tion, n. the act of generalicing. 
^en'er<kl-Iy, ad. In general ; commonly. 
(^en'er-a!-4ie8s, n. wide extent ; commonness. 
^Sn'er-al-sfaip, n. the conduct of a general. 
9en'cr-al-ty, n. the whole ; the totality. 
9e-ner1c, <?e-nerl-cal, a. pertahiinr to a 

genus or kind. 
^e-nCr'i-cal-ly, ad. with regard to the genus. 

pSn'er-ate, v. (L. genus) to beget ; to 
produce ; to cause ; to propagate ; to form. 

Gen'er«.ble, a. that may be produced. 

Qen'er-ant, n. the productive power. 

^en-er-a'tion, n. the act of begetting; a 
race ; ofTspring ; a single succession ; an age. 

yen'er-a-tive, a. producing ; prolific 

Oen'er-a-tor, n. one who produces. • 

Oenl-talj, »./rf. the parts of generation. 

9en'i-tive, a. applied to a case of nouns ex- 
presdng property or possession. 

Vrta'i-tor, n. a sire ; a fother. 

yitel-ture, n. generation ; birth. 

9gn'er-ous,a.(L.^enttjt)of honourable 
birth; noble; magnanimous ; liberal ; strong. 
^Cn-er-Os'i-ty, n. magnanimity; liberality. 
Ocn'er-ous-Iy, ad. nobly ; liberally. 
9Cn'er-ous-ness, n. quality of being generous. 

^|n'e-8i8, n. (Gr.) the first book of 

9?ii'et, n. (Fr.) a small Spanish 
,hont ; an acima: of the weasel kind. 

^gn-eth-ll'a-cal, a. (CtT.genethle)^t- 
taining to natiWtiea. *^ 

tnH"'""**''*' "* **"' **"* calculates na- 

^SiSnlllfj ** ^^''- Senkvre) a spirit 
dtttilled from grain or malt, with Juniper 

9f' ni-al, a. (L. gigno) cau-^'ng pro- 
duction; natural; enlivening; gny. „ 
9e', ad. naulraUy ; cheerfi.!!^. V 

Qe-nlo'u-lat-ed, a. (L. flr^nw) jointed, 
ywilc-u-la'tion, n. a Jointing; knoUiness; 
the act of kneeling. 

^e'ni-us, n. (L.) peculiar turn of mind : 
great mental power ; a man of great 
mental power ; nature; digpo«itlon. 

96 nl-us, n. a spirit : pt. ^'C'ni-L 

9on-te6l', a. {L.gens) polite : elegant ; 
WTO ; graceful ; elegantly dressed. 

»»t*, fM. far. iali ; ro«, met, thCre, hit} pine, pin, field, fir ; note, 

9en.tecny, ad. elegantly; politaly. 
9en-tCCi'ncss, ». elegance ; politeness. 
9cn-tTl'i-ty, n. dignity of birtli ; elcgar««tf 
behaviour; gracefulness of i,.i en ; gentry. 
9en'tle, a. well-bom ; mild ; meek. 
Ofin'tle-ness, n. dignity of birth ; mildness. 
XfnJ'y. «'• softly ; meekly; tenderly, 
yen try, «. a class of people above the vulgan 

?en'tle-f()lk, n. persons above the vulgar. 
Cn'tle-man, n. a man raised above thi 

vulgar by birth, education, or profession. 
9en'tle-man-llke, 9en'tle-man-ly, a. becom' 

ing a gentleman ; honourable; polite. 
9Cn'Ue-man-sl)ip, n. quality of a gentleman. 
9<n'tle.wAm-nn, n. a woman above tfat 

vulgar; a female attendant, 
^en'tian, n. (L. gentiana) a plant, 
^gn'tile, n. (L.gen8) a pagan ; a hea- 
«; S.!VT?- belonging to pagans or heathens. 
9en'til-lsh, a. heathenish; pagan. 
96n'til-l|m, n. heathenism ; paganism. 
9en-tl-li'ti6us, a. peculiar to a people or 

nation ; national ; hereditary. 
9en'til-lze, If. to live like a heathen. 

^cn-u-flec'tion, n. (L. genu,flecto) the 
act of bending the knee. 

^en'u-ine, o. (L. genuinus) free from 
adulteration ; not spurious ; real ; true. 

9?n u-ine-ly,a(i. without adulteration ; truly. 

96n'u-ine-ness, n. freedom from adultera- 
tion ; purity ; reality ; natural state; 

^e'nus, n. (L.) a class of beings com- 
prehending many species : pt. gen'er-a. 

9e-o-9en'tric, a. (Gr. ge, kentron) 

having the earth for its centn. 
^e'ode, n. (Gr. ge) earth-stone. 

Ge-o-det'i-cal, a. (Gr. o<?, daio) re- 
lating to the art of measuring surfoces. 

^e-og'ra-phy, n. (Gr. ge, grapho) a 
description of the earth ; a book containing 
a description of the earth. 

9e-0g'ra-pher, n. one versed in geography. 

9e-o-graph'i-cal, a. relating to geography. 

9e-o-graph'i-cal-ly, ad. in a geographical 
manner ; according to geograj^y. 

^e-ol'o-gy,n. {,logos) the science 
which treats of the structure ofnhe eartli. 

9c-o-lo^'i-cal, a. relating to geology. 

9e-61'o-jist, n. coe versed in geology. 

^'o-man-9y, «• (Gr. ge, manteia) 

divination by figures or lines. 
9e'o-man-9er, n. a fortune-teller ; a divfaier. 
96-v)man'tic, a, pertaining to goomancy<- 

^o-om'e-try, n. (Gr. ge, metron) the 
science wliich treats of the dimensions oi 
lines, surfaces, and solids. 

?e-Om'e-ter, n. one skilled in geometry, 
e-o-met'ric, 90-o-m6t'ri-cal, a. pertaining 
to geometry ; accord:ng to geometry. 
9e-o-met'ri-caMy,ad. according to geometry; 
9e-6m-e-trl'pian, n, one skilled in geometry 
9e-0m'e-trlze, v. to perform geometrically. 
9e-o-p5n'ic9, n. p/. (Gr. ge^ ponos) thi 
"vt or -v—iiQi of vUiiiTaiing tna earth. 

not, itCr, mOra, 




^t^-VOn'l^cii, a. relatlns to agriculture. 
^e6r|e, n. a figure of St George worn 

by knights of the garter ; a brown loaf. 
ye6r'^o, a. (Gr. ge^ ergon) relating 

to agriculture.— n. a rural poem. 
^e6r'^.um Si'dug, n. (L.) one of the 

planeU, called also Herschel or Uranus. 

^i',T'^^'*'.".°J J!»^'^ltn, ». (Ger. geier. 
/itt0)abirdofprcy. * ' 

9«nn, n. (L. germen) a sprout; a 

shoot; theseed-ljudofaplant; origin, 
yermi-nant, a. sprouting j branching. 
OeKnii-nate, r. to sprout ; to shoot; to bud. 
9er-mi-na'tion, n. act of sprouting; growth. 

^er'man,n. (L. germanus) a brother : 
one nearly related.— a. related. 

^Sr'man, n. a native of Germany: 
the language of the Germans.— a. relating 
to the people or language of (Mrmany. 

yer'nian-ijm, n. a German idiom. 

^er'und, n. (L. gerundium) a kind of 
verbal noun in Latin grammar. 

^cst, n. (L. gesttim) a deed ; a show. 
96s'tic, a. legendary ; historical. 

9es-ta'tion, n. (L. gestum) the act of 

beanng the young in the womb. 
968'ta-to-ry, a. that may bo carried. 

^Tes-tio'u-late, v. (L. gestum) to make 

gestures or motions ; to act ; to imitate. 
^es-tTc-u-la'tion, n. the act of gesticulating ; 

gestures ; motions ; antic tricks, 
yes-tle'u-la-tor, n. one who gesticulates. 
9es-tlc'u-la-to-ry,o. Tcpresen ting by wstures. 
^Es'ture, n. action or posture ex esslve of 

sentiment ; movement of the body.— 1>. to 

accompany with action. 

G2t, «. (S. getan) to procure ; to ob- 
tain ; to gain ; to receive ; to acquire ; to 
learn : f>.fc gOt ; f.p. got or gflt-ten. 

Oet'ter, n. one who gets or obtains. 

Got ting, n. acquisition ; gain ; profit 

Gew'gaw,n. iS.gegaf) a shiwy trifle ; 
a toy ; a baubl^— a. showy 

Ghast'iy, gSstay, a. (S 
ghost ; pale ; dismal ; horrl 
Ghast'fai, a. dreadful ; fright 

Ohast'ful-ly, ac.. rightfully 
Ghast'li-ness, «. frightful as; 

tout value. 
it) like a 


; a spirit. 

Ghost,gost,7i. (S.gasi) th^ 
OhOst'less, a. without spirit o'irn>c. 
GjiOst'ly, a. relating to the soul ; spiritual. 
UhOst'lIke, a. withered ; ghastly. 

yi'ant, n. (Gr. gigas) a man of extra- 
ordinary stature. 
9l'ant-css,n.a female of extraordlna'-ystature. 
^rant-like, 9tftnt ly.a.huge; vast; bulky. 

?l'ant-ship, n. quality or character of a giant, 
l-gan-te'an, a. like a giant ; irresistible. 
9i-gWtic, a. like a giant ; very large. 

Gib. n. an old worn out Animal- 
uib-cat, n. a he-cat ; on old cat. 

GibW. gabhan) to speak rapidjf 

and ma tely. ' 

G]b'ber-i£ Jk without meaning,— a. ujj. 

meaning anteliigible. 

^Tbljct, 71. (Fr. gibef) a gallows.— 
V. to hang and expose on a gibbet. 

Gib'bous, a. (L. gibbtu) convex ; pro- 
tuberant; swelling; crook-nacked. 

Gib-bfls'l-ty, n. convexity; protuberance. 

Uibntrauj-neastn. convexity; protuberance. 

9«ibe, V. (S. gabban) to sneer ; to scoflf 
to taunt ; to deride.— n. a scoflf; a taunt' 

^ib'er, n. a sneerer ; a scoflfer. 

9lb'ing-ly, ad. scomfuUy; contemptuously. 

giblets, n. pi. iFr.gibier !) the parts of 
a goose which are cut off before it is roasted. 

Gid'dy, a. (S. gidig) having in the 
head a sensation of circular motion ; whi'i- 
ing; inconstant; heedless.— v. to mnke 
giddy ; to tender unsteady. 

Old di-ly,od. inconstantly; carelessly. 

Old di-neas, n. the state of being giddy. 

Sii^y'?l*'?*^' "• careless; thoughtless. 

Gld'dy-head, n. one without thought 

Old'dy-h6ad-ed, a. heedless; unsteady. 

Gtd'dy-pajcd, a. moving irreguhirly. 

^igr'ga-glo, n. (Ger. geier, L. aout^) 
a kfaid of eagle. » ' 

Gift. See under Give. 

Gig, n. {Fr.pigue) any thing whirled 
round; a light carriage drawn by on« 
horse ; a ship's boat ; a dart or harpoon. 

9i-gSn'tic. See under Giant. 

Gig'gle, V. (S. geagl) to laugh idly : 
totitter.-n.akindoflaugh. " 

Olg'gler, n. one who giggles ; a tittwer. 

Giglot.n.CS.^rc^o/) a wanton ; a lasci- 
vious gbl— a. giddy ; inconstnit ; wanton, 
^ig'ot, n. (Fr.) the hip-joint. 

Gild, V. (S. gildah) to overlay with 
gold ; to adorn with lustre ; to brighten ; 
to illuminate : p. L andp.p. glld'ed or gUt 

Glld'er, n. one who gilds. 

Glld'ing, n. the art of overlaying with gold ; 
gold laid on the surface for ornament. 

Gtlt, tic gold laid on the sur&ce. 

Gill, n. (L. aula) the organ of respi- 
ration in fishes ; the flap below the beak 
of a fowl ; the flesh under the chin. 

Gill, n. (Ic. gil) a fissure in a hill. 

9TII, n. the fourth part of a pint : 
ground-ivy; malt liquor medicated with 
ground-ivy ; a wanton girL 

9111'hdQse, n. a house where gillfs sold. 

^illy-flS^-er, n. (Fr.girqfiee) a fliower. 
^im'crSck, n. a trivial mechanism. 

Gimlet, Gim'blet, n. (Fr. gibelef) f 
borer with a screw at the point 

Gim'mal, n. device or machinery. 
Glm'mer, n. movement ; machinery. 

Gimp, n, a kind of silk lace. 

Wbo, tOb, fall ; cry, crypt, m:^h; t01l,bOJ,Oflr.nO'«',ne*; fede.peni, raije, e:|lst, tWi 





Pto. n. tfHffine) a *rap . j^ (mare.— 
». to oatch tu » trap. 

^In, n. {Fr.genittre) % distilled spirit. 
^UnW, n. (L. Mir^fiber) a plant or 

root of li hot splry quality. 
^In'Kor-brCHd, H. u awuet cako. 

(lln'^r-ly, ad. cautiously; nicely. 

^Jm'gi-val, a. (L. gingiva) belonging 
to (he guina. 

piii'gle, t>. (Gcr. klingcii) to emit or 
cau^e a sharp tlnUiig} noise.— ». a aluvp 
tinkling nuiso. 

GTn'gly-in3id. a. (.Gr.ginghimos.cidos) 
vateiubUAgahinge. *^ 

pip'sy, n. (£;(7yj9/ian) one of a race of 
vaimbpnds luppoacd to havo come oriRi- 
nolly from India ; a name of slight reproach 
to a woman.— a. denoUng (he huigungo of 
tho g pstei { denoting any Jargon. 

<,<lp'8y-ijm, n, the itote of a gipsy. 

(Jird, n. (S. ggrd ?) a twitch ; a pane.— 
v. to break ft scornful jest ; to gibe ; to suoer. 
Oird'or, n. a satirist. 

Gird, V. (S. ggrdan) to bind round : 
to invest J to dross ; to encompass : v. L 
and p. |,. girded or girt. ^ ^ 

G rd'er, n, the princfiiwU timber in a floor. 

Gird ing, w. a covering. 

Girdle, »i. a band; a belt; Inclosure; tho 
lodittc— t>.to bind nswith aglrdlc; to laclose. 

Gjrdler, n. a maker of girdles. 

«irt, II. a circular bandage ; compass. 

UlrtB, n. a band by which a saddle is flxr ^ 

on&horse; compass.— bind withagirth. 

Girl, n. (L.gerulai) a female child; 
a young woman. ' 

Q rl'hddd, ». the state of a girl. 
Girl'lsh, a, suiting a girl ; youthful. 

Git'tern. See Cithern. 

GXyQ,v.iS.gifan) to bestow; to confer; 

fim * „ ' }?,«"^^ 5 *o ft"ow : to utter. 

uut, n. a thing given; the act of givinir: 
??Hnl^»T.= atrtbo; power; faculty!-l??,^ 
endow with any power or faculty. 

Gift e(_ ,1. endowed with eminent powers. 

Glft'ea-ncss, fi. the state of being gifted. 

Qlv^er, ... one who gives ; a donor. 

Olv'lng, ». the Mt of bestowing. 

9ivcs. See Gyve. 

GIz'zard, n. (Fr. gesier) tho strong 
wusculous stomach of a fowl. 

Gla'brous, a. (L. glaber) smooth. 

nM/¥"?'*®'^-^^*-^'*«"'^*)to turn into ice. 
of ^r v:* '"^y ' .consist'ng of Ice ; frozen. 

uia ci-er, n. a field or mass of ice. 
Ul4'pi.ou8, a. icy; resembling ice. 

Gla'fis, ». (Fr.) a sloping bank. 

Glad, a. (S. gf(Bd) cheerful ; pleased : 

ni'^Ji.'""*^'^':"""- '9 '""'*'^ I?'"'* '• *o exhilarate. 
Glfid'den, «. to make glad ; to delight. 
Qlad'dor, n. one that makes glad. 
madly, ad. with gkuhioss ; joyfully. 

S Jd ncsa.n. joy ; cheerfulness j enhlhwatloa 
U ftdsome, a. pleased j giiyj causing joy. 
G ftd sopie-ly, a,L with Joy ; with deUiht 
GIttd'sonio.ness.w. Joy; delight. 
Gjado.M. (Ic./i/orfl) an opening in a 

GlHd'i-ft-tor, n. (L.gladius) a sword • 

player; a prir,e-flghter. ' 

OIftd'l:^;'5,„°'' ?• ^"'""'W '« Prl«e-flghter» 
G ftd' Ttn'r?'.?- '^'°V'V8 to prixeHghterfc 
uiad l-a-ture, «. sword-play; fencing. 

Glair, n. (S. .^ters) the white of an 

egg; any viscous transparent substance. 

li«nT.^' ?; «=°»»'«"n« of viscous trans, 
parent matter. 

Giango.n. {Gov. glanx) a sudden shoot 
or light ; a darthiK of tho eye ; a quick view. 
7u'J^ '"■', ? «»''•'">> roy of light ; to look 
wi 1 a rapid cast of the eye; to fly oil 
pbhquely; to hint. ' 

«L2»'v!»ff. «. censure by oblique hints. 

Glan ymgrljf, ad. by glancing; transiently. 

Gland, n. {L: glans) an organ formed 
«,i^ , . .convolution of a number of vessels. 
G An (hi-Iar, o. pertaining to the glands. 
G iln'dule, n. n small gland. 
O ftn-du-lOs'i-ty, tu a collection of glmuh. 
U fln du-lous, a. pertaining to the glands, 
u an derj, «. » contagious disease in horses. 
GIfln'dered, a. having glanders. 

Glan-dtfer-oua, a. (L. glans, fcro) 
bejirlng acorns or mast. "^ ' 

^\^^%^'\^- fffaren) to shine with a 
dajzling llglit.-n. a bright daiiling light. 

« Jf^!"?., «». notorious; Imrefaced. * * 

Uiarmg-ly, ad. notoriously ; evidently. 

Glare. See Glair. 

Glass, n. (S. glas) a hard, brittle. 
transparent substance ; a glass vessel ; a 
mirror ; a telescope.— <i. made of glaai— 
V. to cover with glass. • 

G as'sv, a. made of glass ; like glass. 

G as'si-ness, n. smoothness, like glass. 

Oiaze. V. to furnish or cover with glass ; to 
ncrust with a vitreous substance ; to over, 
lay with something smooth and sliining. 

O Aa'en, a. resembling glass. * 

r-i-i.n ' v. """e-uioq wiiiuows. 

G as' iig, M. Vitreous substance. 
«^*^r^.^"'■'"■• "• °"« **'o fashions glass. 

G .189 ftir-iinyo, n. a furnace for maldng class 
(, ass gilz-ing, a. linical ; conceited ; vain. 

O ass h(>aso, II. a house whore glass is made, 

O ass like, a. resembling glass ; clear. , 

U ass'nian, n. one who sells glass. 

G ass uiCt-al, «. glass in fusion. 

G ass'w6rk, n. a manufactory of glass. 

Olas8'w6rt, n. a plant used in making glass. 


Glfiu'cous, a. {Gr.glaukos) of a se». 
green colour. 

(Have, Glaive, n. (L. gladius) a broad 

sword ; a falchion ; a liuice. 
Gla'vcr, V. (W. glafr) ifi flatter. 

Gla'vcr<.er, «, n flatterer. 

F«»e, fit, iSf, fall, me, m«, there, h«r; pine, pin, field, fir; nOte,nflt. 

nOr, nOv*. idn 

GLA 18.) 


Olay'mOre. See Claymoro. 

GIpbo. Soo under Glass. 

GlCam, n. (S.) a shoot of light ; a lay ; 
hrightnesR.— V. to shine suddenly { to ilasii. 
nioain'ing, n. n sudden ilioot of light. 
Qleiuii'y, a. fiaabing ; darting light. 

GlCan, V. (Fr. alaner) to gather after 
reupers ; to gather what Is thinl v scattered. 
— N. n colloctiun ninde by gloonuig. 

GlOnii'or, n. one who gleans. 

UlCan'ing, n. act of gleaning; thing gleaned. 

GlGbe,ft. (L.^/«Aa)turf ; soil; ground; 
hiiid belonging tou parish church or bonoiice. 
GlC'by, a. turfy; cluddy. 

Gliide, n. (S. glida) a kind of hawk. 

GlCC, n. (S. glco) joy ; mprrimont ; 
gaiety ; a sort oTsong or catch sun.^ in parts. 
GICC'fQl, a. gay; merry ; cheerful. 
GlCC'nian, n. a musician ; a minstrel. 
GlCG'aome, a. full of merriment ; Joyous. 

Gluuk, n. (S. jr%) muaio; a scolT; a 
game at cards.— v. t:o sneer ; to gibe. 

Glean, V. (Gr. gknoal) to shine. 

Gleet, n. (S.glidan) a thin matter run- 
ning from a sore.— v. to oose ; to run slowly. 
GlOGt'y, a. thin ; limpid. 

Glen, n. (S.) a valley ; a dale. 

Gle«r. See Glue. 

Glib, a. (L. glaberX) smooth ; voluble. 

—V, to make smooth ; to castrate. 
Ollbly, ad. smoothly ; volublv. 
OlIb'iAns, n. smoothness ; volubility. 

Glide, «. (S. glidan) to flovir gently ; 
to move swiftiv and smoothly.— n. the act 
of moving swiftly and smoothly. 

Glld'er, n. one that glides. 

Glim'mer, v. (Qer. glimmen) to shine 
faintly. — n. a feeble light ; a mineral 

Ollm'mer-ing, n. faint or imperfect view. 

Glimpse, n. a faint light ; a flash of light ; a 
short transitory view ; short fleeting enjoy- 
ment.— v. to appear by glimpses. 


to sparkle with light. 
Olls'ter, V. to shine ; to be bright— n. lustre. 

Gllt'ter, t>. (S. glitenan) to shine ; to 
sparkle; to gleam — n. lustre; splendour. 
Gllt'ter-ing, n. lustre ; gluom. 

Gloat, V. (Sw. glutla) to stare with 
eagerness or desire. 

Globe, n. (L. globus) a round body ; a 
ball; asphero; the earth.— v. to gather round. 
Glo-bOge', OlO'bouSi «. round ; spheriuoL 
Glo-bfts'i-ty, n. roundness j sphericity. 
tilAb'ule, n. a small round particle or body. 
GlOb'u-lar, a. in the form of a splicro ; round. 
Oinb'u-lous, a. in the form of a small sphere. 
GlO'by, a. round ; orbicular. 

Glom'or-ate. v. (L. glomus) to gather 
GlOm-cr-a'tion, n. act of forming into abaU. 

G16dm,n.(S.j7/omttn«7)partial darkness j 
ohHurity; melancholy; sulleimoss.— v. to be 
dark: to bo melancholy ; to look dismally. 

OlOflni'v, a. obscure ; dismal ; melancholy. 

«IAAm'l-ly,a</. dimly; dismally; SMllanly. 

QlOOm'i-ncss, n. obscurity; mulancnoly. 

GhVry, n, (L. gloria) praise ; honour : 
renown ; splendour.-^, to boast ; to exult. 

OlO-ri-a'tion, »». boast ; triumph. 

GKVri-f?, V. to make glorious; to praisoi to 
extol : to honour ; to exalt to glory. 

flio-rl-n-ca'tion, n. elevation to glory. 

OI<>'ri-ous, a. noble ; illustrious ; excellent. 

GlO'rl-ous-Iy, ad. splendidly; Illustriously. 

OlO'ri-ous-ness, n. state of being glorious. 

OlO'ry-ing, n. the act of exulting. 

Gldsa. n. (S. glesan) a comment ; super 
flctal lustre; a specious Interpretation.— 
V. to explain by comment ; to make smooth 
and shining ; to give a specious appearance. 

GlOs'sa-ry, n. a vocabulary; a dictionary. 

Olos-sa'n-al, a. relating to a glonary. 

GIfls'sa-rist, n. a writer of comments ; one 
who writes a vocabulary or dictionary. 

Olos-sa'tor, n, a writer of comments. 

OlOs'ser, n. a commentator ; a scholiast. 

tilos'sist, n, a writer of glosses. 

GlosHsOg'ra-phcr, n. a commentator. 

GlOs'sy, a. smooth and shining ; specious. 

OliVsI-ncss, n. superficial lustre; polish. 

G!i)zo, Hatter.— n. flattery; speclousshow. 

Glox'er, n. a flatterer ; a liar. 

GlOz'ing, n. specious representation. 

GWt'tis, n. (Gr.) the opening of tho 
larynx or windpipe. 

GWfit, v.iG.gloa) to look sullen ; togaze. 

GlSve, n. (S. glof) a cover for the 
hand.— V. to cover as with a glove. 

Glow, V. (S. glowan) to shine with in- 
tense heat; to ourn ; to be hot; to feel passion. 
— n. shining heat ; brightness ; passion. 

OlOw'lng-ly, ad. brightly ; with passion. 

GlOw'wOrm, n. a small grub which shines in 
the dark. 

GlOze. See under Gloss. 

GlQe,n. (.L.gluteh) a viscous substance 
by which bodies are held together ; acement 
— V. to join with a viscuuscement ; to unite. 

Gin'ey, a. viscous; adhesive. 

GlQ'ish, a. having the nature of glue. 

GlQ'ii-nou3, a. viscous; tenacious. 

Gla'ti-nous-ness, n. viscosity; tenacity. 

Gliim, V. (gloom) to look sullen.— ». 

suilcnness of aspect. — a, sullen. 
GlQm'my, a. sullen ; dark ; dismnL 

Glut, V. (L. glutio) to swallow; io 
cloy ; to saturate. — n. more than enough ; 
superabundance ; plenty even to loathing. 

Glut'ton, glat'tn, n. one who cats to excess. 

OlOt'»on-lze, v. to oat to excess. 

Q'<i to n-ous, a. given to excessive eating. 

Ql i . u-y, n. excess in eating ; voracity. 

Glu'ti-nous. See under Glue, 



a kind of verse in Qreek and Lati^i poetry. 

tabe, tob, fftl! ; cr?, crypt, ni Jrrli j t61l, bfty, 6fir, uOifr, ne^ ; ?cde, ^em, raife, ef i8t» ttUa 





OlypWra-phy, n. (Gr. gluptot, 
graphoj n «fescrii;?Ioii of the art of en- 
gruving on precious iitones. 

QlVp-to-Krflpfi'ic, a. describing the method! 
or engruving tigures on precious stones. 

Guar, Giiarl, nar, nArl, v. (S. gnomo) 

to growl ; to murmur ; to snarl. 
Qnirl'ed, a. full of knots; knotty. 

Gnaah, nSsh, v. (D. knaschen) t i strike 

together ; to grind the teeth ; to mge. 
C.nftsh'ing, n. act of grinding thu t«eth. 

Gnat, nSt, n. (S.gncet) a small insect. 
Unat'siiap^per, n. a oird. 

Gnaw, ufi, «. (S. gnagan) to eat by 
degrees ; to bite off; to corh)de ; to waste. 
Gnaw'er, n. one that gnaws. 

Gnome. nOm, n. (Gr. gnomi) a brief 
reflection or maxim ; an Imaginary being. 
Onom'l-cal, a. containing maxims. 
Ono-mOl'o-^, n. a collection of maxims. 

Gno'mon, no'mon, n. (Gr.) tho hand 
or pin of^a dial. 

Gno-mOn'ic, Gno-mOn'i-cal, a. pertaining to 

the art of dialling. 
Gno-mon'ics, ».. the art of dialling. 

Gnos'tio, nSs'tic, n. (Gr. ginosko) one 

of an early sect in the Christian church 

a, relatmg to tho heresy of the Gnostica. 

Onfls'ti-fijjm, n. the heresy of the Onostioi. 

* ^Jk Py ^S. gan) to walk ; to move ; to 
INRrel ; to proceed ; to depart ; to pass ; to 
•«end ; to contribute : p.t. yUntip.p. gOqe. 

OO'or, n. one who goes. .^/"» u» 

OO'lng, n. the act of walking; departure. 

UO'be-tween, n. an interposing a^ent. 

^0 be, n. a passing by ; evasion ; artifice. 

S cart,n.amachine to teach children to walk. 

W)-t6', int, come, come. 

Goad,n.(S.^aflf) a pointed stick to drive 
oxen.— ». to drive with a goad ; to incite. 

Goal, n. (Fr. gaule) the point to which 
racera run ; a starting post ; a final purpose. 

GOar.n. (Ic^irdr) a slip of cloth in- 
serted to widen a garment. 
uOar'ish, a. patclicd ; mean ; doggorcL 

Gflat. n. (S. gat) an animal. 
S^Jl*,*"'^* resembling a goat, 
QOatTi^rd, n. one who tends goats. 
OOat'skin, n. the skin of a goat. 

Gob, n. (Fr. gn^ 

lump; amouthftil. 
OOb'bet, n. a mouthful ; a lump, 
uobble, V. to swallow hastily with noise; 

to make a noise as a turkey. 

GSblet, n. (Fr, gobelet) a bowl ^ a cup. 

Goblin, n. (Gr. kobalos 1) an evil spirit. 

God, ». (S.) the Supreme Being; anidol. 
OOd dess, n. a female divinity. 
•tOd'hSad, n. deity ; the divine nature. 
' ix^«. *"• "• '"'Pioos ; wicked ; atheistlcaL 

JOd ess-ness, n. state of being impious. 

I j! '"S. n- a little god or idol. 

^/ i^'i '^ »"""* ' relig«ous.-ad. piously. 
Tfl H-iy, ad. piously : reliiriouslv. 

a quantity; a 

GOd ship, n. (ho rafk or character of and 
GOd' ward , orf. tow ^rd God. 
GOd'like, 0. divine ; supremely excellent 
Odd dess-llke, a. reflembJing a goddess. 
GOd ^hlld, n. one for whom a person b« 

conies sponsor at baptism. 
G6d'daugh-ter, n. a famale for whom on* 
r.rSSS'"?'' *Vonw>t at baptism. 
«23/ xV!®'"' ^ * '?*'• sponsor at baptism, 
uod m6th-er, n. a female sponsor at baptism. 
0<W;'»mItft, n. a maker of idols. 
«od80n, n. a male for whom one become* 

sponsor at baptism. 
God'yeld, GOd^yleld, n. a tenn of thanks. 

G8d'wit, /*. (S. god^ unht) a bird. 
G8fl, n. (W.) haste; desire to go. 
OOg'gle, t\ to roll or strain the eyes.— n. a 

stare; a bold or strained look : pU blinds 

for horses ; glasses to protect the eyes.— 

a. staring ; having full eyes. 
GOg'gled, a. prominent ; staring. 
UOg'Kle-eyed, a. having rolUng, prominent, 

or distorted eyes. 

G5ld,n. (S.) a precious metal ; money. 
Gold en, a. made of gold; of the colour of 
gold ; bright ; splendid ; excellent ; happy. 
GO d en-ly, acU splendidly; delightfully, 
oojd beat-en, a. covered with gold ; glided. 
GOld'beat-er, n. ^ne who beats gold. 
GOld'bOQnd, a. encompassed with gold. 
Gold'f Inf A, n. a sinking bird. 
GOId'f Ind-er, n, one who finds gold. 
G0ld'pr6df, a. proof against bribery. 
Go d leaf, n. gold beaten Into a thin leat 
GOld'sIze, n. a glue of a golden colour. 
OOld'smlth, n. a worker in gold. 
OOl'dy-lOcks, n. a plant. 

G81f, n. (D. kolf) a game played with 
a ball and a dub. 

G<Jn-do-lier', n. one who rows a gondola. 

Cr8ne,p.j9. of^o. 

G8n'fa-lon, Grdn'fa-non, n. (Fr.) a> 

ensign; a standard. 
OOu-iia-lo-nier', n. a chief standard-bearer. 
G8ng, n. a sort of metal drum. 

rneo) a morbid running or discharge in 
venereal complaints. 

Cr66d, a. (S. god) not bad ; not ill ; 
proper; wholesome; useful; convenient: 
sound; valid; skilful; happy; honour- 
able ; cheerful ; considerable ; elegant ; 
kind ; handsome.— n. benefit ; advantage ; 
welfare: pi. moveables; property; mer 
chandise.— od. well ; not ill ; not amiss. 

OAOd'iess, a. without goods or money. 

GOM'ljr, a. beautiful ; graceful; handsoma 

GOOdh-ness, n. beauty; grace; elegance. 

GoOd'ness, n. excellence; kindness. 

Gddd'y, n. a low terfa of civility. 

GdOd-breed'hig, ». elegance of manners. 

GflOd-bye', ad. a mode of bidding farewell. 

GMd-con-dl'tioned, a. being in a goodstata 

Oodd-frrday , n. a fast in the Christian churcn- 
to commemorate our Saviour's crueifiuon. 

'*»•, fat, far, fall ; m«, met, th6re, h«r j pine, pin, Held, fir; note, not, n3r, mflve,t«ni 



2555*u'*?""""'» <*• o' a cheerful teinoer I 

2?*'.??'"'' "• •* •""«"<' term of civilltv • n ' 
?familj *''"° '"' '^'"'""'* ' »»»« ™"t« of 

?A^""^f ""''. "• niJWneM ! kindness. 

OAAd'nl ""'•,"•'""''' •''""J benevolent. 

GAM'w^f^' r th"" «f ^"'""l**" of «uW 
«0M wife, w. the mUtrew of a family: 

O^H "^a"'/'- »'<«'cvolenee; kindne"^ 
GMd-wflm'an, n. the inli,tre«s of a family. 


n?l''"?i «• a young goose. /"-Kt-ese. 

J|l'J*«,'**'f-ry, r„ a common fruit; a shrulx 
J^'^^-'e <:flp „. a silly person. * ""*" 
GOdse'qulll. n. the quill of a goose. 

^Siffillr* "• ^'^- ^'^''•«*> intricate; 

^^'■«j«- (S..9or) clotted blood; dirt- 
rnud—t,. to stab ; to wound with a hom '' 
«o;ring, n. a puncture ; a wound. 


GOro. See Goar. 

GGrw, «. (Fr.) the throat ; the gullet. 

GO^^'Ji' i'lt""?' ! to glut ; to satiate ; to feed. 
t^urj:ed, a. having a gorge or throat. 
Uor-jet, n. a breast-plate ; a niece of armour. 
Gorgeous, a. splendid ; showy; fine. 
05r^geous-Iy, ad. splendidly; magnificently. 
Gor ^eous-ncss, n. splendour ; magnificence. 
GOr'^pn, n. (Gr.) a fabled monster 

Gor-go'ni-an, a. like a gorgon. 


orI!^!naJ!"^I"' "• *° *^* greedily or to excess. 

G6rse,n.(S.i;o«ofurze ;aprickly shrub. 
<jo ry. See under Grore. 

^o!t^* "• ^^- ^''*' ^'«'' a kind 

G8s'Iing. See under Goose 

^IWv 1- <S. /7o</, spell) the eran- 
gehcal history of our Saviour ; tlie word of 

trhfe' ^L"'t""/„' '^1?'»^y • auygene Jdoc- 
trine.— w. to iili with sentiments of reliirion. 
GOs pe -la-ry, a. theological. «ugion. 

J?!'",'' ..*"■• "• •»" evangelist; a Wickliffite 
Gos'pel-lize, :•. to instruct iil the gospcL 

Goss. See (rdrse. 

^5f 1?"?*®'» '^:f-^- ffossipim) the down 
of plants; a thin cobweb. 

GOfi ci-mer-y , a. like gossamer ; light ; flimsy. 

Gos'sip,n. (S.pod,m) a sponsor; a 
neiKhlwiir ; an Idle tattler ; trifling talk - 
r to chat 5 to tattle; to tell idle tfles. 

qrtM'^lli^' « <* Pf^^'-g : «* tattling. 
.6« „ Gos'sip-ry, «. spiritual affinity, 
Uos-soon, n "■- ■ • 


G8t, p.t. and p.p. of get. 


G8th, n. one of the peopJa etiled 

««;{!/<' ^*th'i-cal, a. relating to thrOoth* 
o^.h h."- ''"' '"'J^'WKe of the Gotll 
fl,vJ. "f '™' "•.* P?tbic Idiom. 
GOth i-j;i,e, V. to bring back to barbarism, 

Gdugo, n. (Fr.) a chisel with a round 

edge.-i>. to scoop out as with a gouge 
Gourd, g6rd, n. (Fr. courge) a plant 
G6ur'niand. Sec Gormand. 
S*l"' ^h ''"'J"^ * painful disease. 

g JOt'y, a diseased with gout. 7 

Goat'swOllen, o. inflamed with gout. 
Gout, gii, n. (Fr.) taste ; relish. 

^iTilt?%^ ^^- •9wi*'-»o) to rule; to 

G6v'lm a hii^?T i *** "f '■<=*«« authority, 
"ov ern-a-ble, a. that may be jrovemed 

Giv^er-nance, n. direction ; rule ;™t'rol 

0*»l«';"«nt. Go-ver-nant^/roie wh Ai 
the charge of young ladiefc 

GOV em-ess,n. a female who rules or instmetiL 
G6v'em-ment, «. direction; wntrcl;M»: 
else of authority ; executive power.' " 
G6v'em.or, n. one who govenu ; a niler. 
GSwk. See Gawk. 

^Sil,' **; ^^- ^"> a woman's ui^r 
rarment; a long loose upper garmeVa 
iToose robe worn % professiSnanmen/^ 

G6wned, a. dressed in a gown, 

Snarhn^.f.*,"*'"^"' "• one whose pro. 

^t'ospmwV"' ^^' sralbelen) to grope; 

Gra9e, n. (L. jjirra/ia) favour ; kind- 
ness ; pardon ; mercy ; privilege : beautv • 
t^T} r^^l^hient ! dX'inflSe 
on themind; religious disposition ; a short 

af^lV ? title of honour: M favour, 
uo?, • /'•,*° ^°"^' to dignify; to embel- 

n ', U? '^*^°"'" ! to honour. 

GrSfe fOI, a. beautiful with dignity eleifant 

Sf^f?''°'*^' »l,,elegance of mannw. ^ 

S .^ «®**"'y' <^- wrthout grace. 
Grajie/Iess-ness, n. want of «roce ; profligacy. 
**^hiPi'*"^^-'"^'<='f"'' benevolebt; &S 
rrvlU'"?''' »<=rPtable; virtuous ; good. 
GrSfious-ly, od. Wndly; mercifully. * 

.fn^'?"^!'"""**' "• ""c<fulnes8; condesceu. 
sion; pleasmg manner. 

?™ ^fA**' ^^- ^'•«<'««) rank ; degree. 
arltt tion,n.regular progress ; orderfseries. 
S'i^^?"*":'"^' "• proceeding step by step. 
^^KfV^'f '^a"«ing; moving by rtepfc-w 
deviation from a level to an incfined^tono. 
Grad'u-al, a. proceeding by degrees -ad. 

«If5' 1 y* ^' ^^ "legrees ; step by st^ii^ 
Orad;u.ate, v. to dignTfv with ^ aLt^, 
aipioma ; to divide into degrees ; to advance 
by degrees.-!!, one dignified with a degree! 

IOb..,nb,fWl, or,, crypt. m,Vh; toil. boy. OOr, nO*. new; ,.^.,^^;;:7i^^^^:;^;^ 







nrfld'u-ftte-ihip, n. the state of a graduate. 
Orad-u-a'tloii, n. regular progression ; the 

act of marking with degrees ; tlio act of 

conferring degrees. 

GrSff, Graft, v. (S. grafan) to insert 
a shoot of one tree into the stock of an- 
other.— n.a shoot inserted intoanother tree. 

Orift'er, n. one whografts. 

Gr&il, n. (Jj.pradus) a book of offices 

in the Ilomisii church. 
Grain, n. (Xi.granum) a seed ; a corn ; 

a minute particle ; the smuliust weight. 
Orftin;, n. pi. luisk? of malt after l>rewing. 
OrSn'a-ry, n. a store-house for grain. 
Oni-nlv'o-rous, a. living upon grain. 

Grain, n. (S. grenian) the direction of 

the fibres; temper; disposition. 
Grained, a. rough ; made less smooth. 
Gra<n'ing, n. indentation. 

Grain,«. {S>.geregnian)Ay(tA. substance. 
Grained, a. dyed in grain. 

Gra-mSr'jy, int. (Fr. grand, merci) an 
expression of obligation or surprise. 

Gra-min'e-ou8, a. (L. gramen) grassy. 
Gram-i-nlv'o-rous, a. living upon grass. 

GrSm'mar, n. (Gr. gramma) the art of 
speaking or writing correctly ; a book con- 
taining the principles and rules of grammar. 
firam-ma*ri-an, n. one versed in gramiaor. 
i-mat'ic, Gram-mat'i-cal, a. belonging 
(grammar ; taught by grammar, 
ni-mftt'i-cal-ly, ad. according to grammar. 
Oram-mat'i-cas-ter, n. a mean verbal pedant. 
Gram-raM'i-cIjc, v. to render grammatical. 
Grtrn'ma-tist, n. a pretender to grammar. 

GrSm'pua, n. (Fr. grand, poisson) a 

large flsh of the cetaceous kind. 
Gra-na'do. See Grenade. 
Gran'a-ry. See under Grain. 

Gr&nd, a. (L. grandis) great ; illus- 
trious ; splendid ; magnificent ; principal ; 
sublime; old. 

Gran-dee', n. a man of great rank or power. 

Gran-dee'ship, n. rank or estate of a grandtv. 

Grftn'deur, n. greatness ; state ; splendour. 

Gran-d6v'|.ty, n. great age; length of life. 

Gran-dll'o-quence, n. lofty speaking. 

Grand'ly, ad. sublimely ; loftily. 

Grand'ness, n. greatness ; magnificence. 

GrAn'dam, n. a grandmother ; an old woman. 

GrAnd'chlld, n. the child of a son or daughter. 

Grand'daugh-ter, n. the daughter of a son or 

OrSnd'fa-tlier, n. afather's or mother's father. 

Gr.lnd'm-jth-er, n. a father's or mother's 

Gcftnd'sire, n. a grandfather; an ancestor. 

Grand'son, n. the soc of a son or daughter. 

Grange, n. (L. granum) a farm ; a 

(jJrSn'ite, n. (L. granum) a hard rock. 
Gra-nlt'ic, a. pertaining to granite. 

Sra-niv'o-roug. See under Grain. 

3rSnt, V. (Fr. garanlir) to give ; to 
bestow ; to admit ; to allow ; to concede. — 

9s= any thin" sranted * 

Grant'a-ble, a, that may be granted. 
Gran-tce', n. one tu wiiuui a grant is i 
Grant'or, n. one by whom a grant is made. 

Gran'ule, n. iL, granum) a particle. 
GrSn'u-lar, a. consisting of grains. 
GrSn'u-la-ry, a. resembling a grain. 
Orfln'u-late, v. to form or break into grains. 
Gran-u-ia'tion, n. act of forming into grain* 

Grripo, n. (Fr. grappe) the fruit ol 

the vino. 
Grape'less, a. wantlngthe flavour of the grnpe. 
Gra'py^ a. full of grapes ; made of the grape. 
GrApe'stOne, n. tlio stone or seed of the grapo. 
Grape'shdt, n. a combination of small shot 

put into a thick canross bog. 

GrSph'io, Graph'i-cal, a. (Gr. grapho) 

well described or delineated. 
Graph'i-cal-ly, aJ. in a graphic manner. 
Gra-phOm'e-ter, n. a surveying instrument. 

Grap'ple, v. (S. gripan) to seize ; to lay 
fast hold of ; to contest in close fight.— ». a 
seizing; close fight; an iron instrument. 

GrAp'nel, ft. a small anchor ; a grappling iron. 

Grasp, V. (It. graspare) to hold in the 
hand; to seize; to catch.— n. sciEure of 
the hand ; hold. 

Grasp'er, n. one who grasps. 

GrSsSjn. (S. (yarrs) the rommon herbage 
of the fields ; a plant. — f. to cover with grass. 
Grass'" ess, a. wanting grass. 
Grass'y, a. abounding with grass. 
Grass'grCCn, a. green with grass. > 
Qrass'grO^vn, a. grown over with grass. 
Grass'nOp-per, n. an insect. 
GrAss'plOt, N. a plot covered with grass. 

GrAS-sa'tion, n. (L. gressum) progress ; 
procession j a ranging about. 

Grate, n. (L. crates) a partition or 
frame made with bars ; a range of bars 
within which fires are made. 

Grat'ed, a. furnished with a grate. 

Grat'ing, n. a partition of bars. 

Gi ite, V. {Ft. gratter) to rub hard ; to 
wear away ; to make a harsh noise ; to fret. 
Grat'er, n. a rough instrument to grate with. 
Grat'ing, a. fretting ; irritatmg ; harsh. 

Gratfe'ful, a. (L. grains) thankful; 

pleasing; accei>tab'.e ; delightful. 
Grate'fOl-lj , ad. in a grateful manner. 
Grate'f ai-ness, n. thankfulness ; pleasantness. 
Grat'i-fy , V. to indulge ; to please ; to deiight. 
Grat-i-n-ca'tion, n. pleasure ; delight. 
Grat'i-f l-er, n. one who gratifies. 
Grat'i-tOde, n. thankfulness. 
Gra'tis, ad. (L.) for nothing; without reward. 
Gra-ta'i-tous, a. free ; granted without claini 

or merit ; asserted without proof. 
Gra-tO'i-tous-ly, ad. freely; without proof. 
Gra-tQ'i-ty, n. a free gift ; a present. 
Grflt'u-late, v. to wish or express joy. 
Qrat-u-la'tion, n. expression of joy. 
Grat'u-la-to-ry, a. expressing congratulation. 

Grave, n. (S. grtrf) a pit for a dead 

body ; a sepulchre ; a tomb. 
Graveless, a. without a tomb ; unburied. 
Grave'clothes, n. the dress of the dead. 

-.««»rv!!;j-5vi J ff. Oiic Truu tiiga jjriircB. 

Fate, cat, far, fail ; mc, met, thfire, hir; pine, ptn, field, fir • note, n6t, nSr, mftve, edn i 




Or.lve'mak.flr, n. one who digs graves. 
Oiave'stOne, n. a stone pluced over a grave. 
Grave, w. (S orafan) to dig ; to carve : 
to write or delineate on hafil'substances: 
p. t. graved ; p. p. graved or graven, 
ura V er, n. one who engraves ; a gravinir tool 
Qrav'ing, «. carved work ; aA inipIeMfon. 

fi?' "• S^:9ravis) solemn; serious; 
nlt^n ' "°i '^V^ ' "»' ac"te in sound. ' 
Oravely.od. solemnly; seriously; soberly. 
Orave'neM, n. solemnity; seriousness. ^ 
ftjf f;**"'^"'' "• •^"'"(f'y Bcented. 
Ortv' J.t Pr^^n**"* J l^ing with child. 
Orav'i-dflt.ed. a. great with young. 

«rf^" ;''f °"' 0™-vld'l-ty. n. pfegnancy. 
Orfv "»'?<• "• *° ^"^'^ '» the centre. ^ 
Orav-l-ta'tion. n. the act of tending to the 

°'„K^* ?; **'•?''* 5 tendency to the centre 
nftjnSToAsS*^^;: "^ attri^tioa;°s*o?eS 

^«nTi'®^' n. (Fr.i,ra«c//e) hard rough 
mnd; sandy matter in the kidne\-8 atid 
bladder.-i.. to cover with gravel • to stick 

^ in the sand ; to puzzle. " ' " "''''' 

Ora v'el-ly, o. full of graveL 

Gra'vy, n. juice of roasted meat. 

^l^h'*'^\sra;9)vf\aiQyvii\i a mixture 
n, wik'' ' ''°*'"y ' <J'»fk.-«. a gray colour. 
Gray ish. a. approaching to a gi^y coloUn 
?'?^ ^?\^- '^« »^te of belnl gray 
Oray beard, n, an old man. "^ 

Oray'fly, n. the trumpet-fly 


Grecn.a. (S. ^rr^ne) verdant ; flouriih. 
Jng; fresh; undecayeU j new; notdrrl 
unripe.-n. green colour; a grksr, pkE 

r^^.V'^t i »'"'»'—«'• to make gr^ ^ '*" * 

n^i^"'i ' "; """'O'vhat green! 

Ureen iy, ad. with a greenish colour; tnOAr. 

„„ .< ' V "• ■ •***»»■" o«" court held In tha 
OrC«n cfll-oured, a. pale ; sickly. 
Grecn'f Inf A, n. a kind of bird. 

Orflf I!' t*?*^' "• " ''°M'« '»'• proMrvIng planU 
Green sltk-ness, «. chlorosfs, a disci^e. 
Green sward, n. turf on which grass ctowi. 
Oreen'wOOd, w. wood when green aTla 
summer.-^, pertaining to the greenwooS 
^^\'- ^- /^- ,9»'^'«») to address at 

mcetmg ; to salute ; to congratulate. 
Groet'ing, n. salutation ; conipIimenS^ 
Grgrfi-er, n. (Or. prapho) a recorder. 
(L. grex) going in 

Graze. V. (S.grasian) to eat grass ; to 
'^^lU'lV tof-^edon; to move on'dc- 
vourmg ; to touch or rub slightly in passinir. 

Oraz er, n. one that feeds on grass. *^"^"'** 

Uraz ler, n. one who feeds cattle. 

^f.n?f'»"; <Fr, ^rame) animal fat in 
Cr/Jii ^^^ ' * '^"***® '° t'le 'egs of horses. 
Greaje, v. to smear or anoint with greasa 
Greas'y, ". smeared with grease ; fat • ^«i- 
Orea«'I-ly, ad. with greast ; ^m y. ' ^ "' 
Greaj'i-ness, n. oUinIss; fatness/ ^ 

^IfhtP-^}^^^^ ' ^^* 5 important : 

^ — n. the whole ; «he gross. 

R^fiV^''^-"'»K'eat^Sree; nably; bravely. 

R^frf H!?",'.": •"«*« <"• quaUty of be nggr^t 
Great bei-hed a. pregnant ; teeming!' ^ 
Great heart-ed, a.liigL-spirited ; undejected. 

^foMhe'ie^" ^'* ^^'* ^''^"^*^ armour 

Gre'cian, a. relating to Greece.-n. a 

native or mhabitant of Greece. 
Ore clje, V. to translate into Greek. 
Gre'ci jm, «. an idiom of the Greek language. 
Greek, ». a native of Greece; the Greek 

language.-<i. belonging to Greece. 
Grt-ek'ish, a. peculiar to Greece. 
Greek'ling, n. an inferior Greek writer. 
Greek-rOje', n. the flower campion. 

GrcSd'Y,a.{ ravenous : vora- 
Orec-dg-nesa, n. ravenoushcss ; "eagerness 

Gre-ga'rious, a. 

flocks or herds. 
Gre-ga'ri-an, a. of the common sort ; ordinary. 
Gre-nfide' Gro-na'do, n. (Fr.grenade) 

a hollow ball tilled with gunpowder. 
Oren-a-djer', n. a tall foot-soldier. 


Grfiy. See Gray. 

GreyTiSfind, n. (S. grig-hund) 4|ft 
fleet dog, kept for the cliase. 'Ij^ 

Gride, v. ilt.gridare) to cut ; to pkJce. 

Grid'e-lin, a. (Ft. gris de /i/»>^ a 
purplish colour.— ». a purplish colour. 

Grid'i-ron, grid^um,n.(W. oredfctr ?) 
be^'broUed ^"**° °° ***'*'^ "®^ "^ *® 

Grief, n. (L. gravis) sorrow ; trouble. 

n",Vf' S **> '^•<^* 5 t" 'anient ; to mourn: 
Grlev'a-ble, a. lamentable. ""'"ura. 

Griev'anfe, n. a wrong suffered ; an iniinj, 
Gnev'er, n. one who grieves. "««"/• 

Griev'ing-ly, ad. in sorrow ; sorrowfully. 
Grievous, a. afflictive; painful; atrocfoiu. 
Griev'ous-ly. ad. painfully; vexationsly. 

n,llf'?.'i*"°®^''."-*7'°^! pain; enonnity 
Gnef'shot, a. pierced with grief. 

^? m'5,"' Pi'if'fon, «. (Gr. irrt/M) a 
fabled animal, with the upper putt like an 
eagle, and the lower like a lion. 

urit fon-like, a. resembling a griffon. 

Grig, n. a small eel ; a merry creature. 

Grill, V. (Fr. griller) to brofl. 

Grll'ly, V. to harass ; to hurt. 

Grim, a. (S.) frightful ; hideous ; ugly. 
Gr mly, ad. horribiy ; hideously; s(^rlf. 
Grlm'ness, n. frightfulness of visage. 

Grim fafed, a. having a stern countenance. 
Grtm vl|-apd,a. having a grimcountenanco, 
Gri-mancin, n. (Fr. gris, and malkin) 
the name of an old cat. 

iirliac, n. (S. hruin) dirt deeply in» 
smuated.— *. to dirt; to sully deeply. 

»abc,; cr^cypt.'m^rrh; tail, boy, ODr, nOw, nev. ■ fcdo. gem, »!,•, e,W, t%ta 





Bf^, a. tan of grtme ; dirty ; foul. 

Qrin, V. (S. grennian) to sot tho teeth 
and open the llpt.— n. the act cf lottliig 
the teeth and opening the lips. 
' Grln'ner, ». one who grina. 

Grtn, ». (S.) a snare. 

Grind, v. (S. grindan) to reduce to 
powder ; to sharpen ; to make Bmooth ; to 
rub : to oppress : p. t and p. p. grAOnd. 

Orlnd'er, n. one who grinds ; an instrument 
for grinding; a l>acK or double tooth. 

GrIn(rstOno, GrTn'dle-stOno, n. a stone on 
which edged tools are ground. 

Gripe, v. (S. gripan) to hold hard; 

to grrasp ; to clutch ; to pinch ; to squeeze ; 

to feel colic— It. grasp; hold; squeeze; 

oppression : pi. colic. 
Grip'er, n. an oppressor; an extortioner. 
Orlp'ing-ly, cut. with pain in tho bowels- 
Orlp'ple, a. greedy; covetous; tenacious. 
Orlp'ple-ness, n. covctousncss. 

Gri-f8tte', n. (Fr.) tho wife or daughter 
of a tradesman. 

Gris'!y,o. (S.^^risWc) frightful ; hideous. 
Grl}'li-ueu, tkirightfulness ; hideousness. 

Grist, n. (S.) corn to be ground. 

Giis'tle, gris'sl, n. (S.) a part of the 
body next in hardness to a bono ; a cartilage. 
^iy> o. made of gristle ; cartilaginous. 

||,n. (.S.grgl) the coarse part of meal. 

f n. (S. great) sand ; gravel. 
GrlMr; a. containing grit ; sandy. 
GrU'tl-ness, n. state ofbeing gritty. 

Grut^le, n. (Fr. gris) gray. 
Gr]«|led, tt. interspersed wi*u gray. 
Ornrily, a. aomewhat gray. 

Groan, v. (S. granian) to breathe or 
sigh as in pain. — n. a deep sigh from sorrow 
or pain ; any hoarse dead sound. 

GrOan'ing, n. lamentation ; a deep sigh. 

Grott, n. (Ger. grot") four pence. 

GrO'fer, n. (L. grossus) a dealer in tea, 

sugar, spices, ixc. 
Gro'per-y, n. grocers* ware. 

Gr6g, n. a mixture of spirits and water. 

stuff made of silk and mohair. 

GrSin, n. (G. grein) the part next 
above the thigli. 

Groom, «. (D. grom) a servant; a 
waiter ; a man or boy who tends horses. 

Groove, V. (S. grafan) to cut hollow. 
— n. a hollow ; a channel cut with a tool. 

GrOpe, V. (S. grapian) to feel where 
one cannot see ; to search by feeling. 

Gross, a. (L. crassus) thick; bulky; 
indelicate ; coarse ; stupid ; fat.— n. tne 
main body; the bulk ; twelve dozen. 

BrOss'ly, ad. bulkilv ; coarsely ; greatly. 

3r0ss'ness,n.thickues3, coarseness ; enormity. 

Gr0t, Grot 'to, n. (S. grut) a cave ; a 
place for coolness and refreshment. 

Oro-tesquo', a. (Fr.) whimsical; futa^la, 
ludicrous.— n. fantustiu ilsurea or Kst.ttj. 
Gro-tCsquo'ly, ad. in a fantastic manner. 

GrSiind, n. (S. qrnnd) earth ; laud , 

territory ; floor ; Lottom ; foundation ; it^ 

principle; principal colour: jA.Xan*, 

GrADnd.v. toplaceortix ; to found; toseltlft 

OrOQnd'o^e, n. a tax paid for a ship in port. 

Or0Qnd'less,a.wanttng ground; void of reason. 
Oroand'less-ly, ad. without reason or causa. 
GrOOndless-ness, n. want of lust reason. 
QrAOnd'ling, n. a fish which keeps at th* 

bottom of tho water ; a mean person. 
OrOQnd'Ash, n. a sapling of ash. 
OrOand'bAit, n. a bait allowed to sink. 
GrOQiid'floOr, n. the lower part of a house. 
OrflQnd'I-vy, n. the plant afehoof. 
OrOOnd'Oak, n. a sapling of oak. 
Ord&nd'pldt,n.ground occnpied by abullding. 
GrOQnd'rCnt, n. rent paid tor the ground oa 

which a building stands. 
GrOand'rOdm, n. a room on the ground. 
OrOQnd'sel.n.timbcrnext the ground; aplant. 
OrOQnd'w6rk, n. foundation ; first principle. 

GrSQnd, p. t. and p.p. of grind. 

Grdup, n. (Fr. groupe) a cluster; a 
collection. — v. to form mto a group. 

GrSuse, n. (S. gorst^ heath-fowl. 

Grave, n. (S. grcef) a small wood. 

Grov'el, grSvl, v. do. gruva) to lie 
prone ; to creep on the earth ; to be mean. 
GrOv'el-ler, n. a mean person. 

GrOw, V. (S. growan) to vegetate ; to 
increase ; to improve ; to advance ; to ex- 
tend ; to become ; to raise by culture : 
p. U grew ; p.p. grOwn. 

GrOw'er, n. one who ""ows ; a fanner. 

GrO w'ing, n. vegetati* ; progression of time. 

Growth, .n. vegetation , product ; increase. 

Gr5*l, V. (Ger. grollen) to snarl ; to 
murmur ; to grumble.— n. a snarL 

Griib, v. (G. graban) to dig up; to 

root out. — n. a Kind of worm ; a dwarf. 
GrQb'ble, v. to feel in the dark ; to grope.' 

Grudge, v. (W. grwg) to envy; to 

murmur ; to repine.— «. envy ; ill-will. 
GrOdg'er, n. one who grudges. 
GrQdj'ing, n. discontent ; reluctance. 
GrOd^''ing-ly, ad. unwillingly ; reluctantly. 

Gru'el, n. (Fr. gruau) food made by 
boiling oatmeal in water. 

Griifr, a. (D.grof) surly ; harsh ; stern 
GrOffly, ad. harshly ; ruggedly ; roughly. 
GrOifness, n. harshness ol manner or look. 

Griim, a. (grim) sour ; surly ; severe. 

Grum'ble, v. (D. grommelen) to mur 
mur with discontent ; to growl ; to snarl. 
Grflm'blor, n. one who grumbles. 
GrQm'bling, n. a murmuring ; a grudge. 
Gram'bling-ly, ad. with grumbling. 

GrA'mous,a.(L.^r«mtM) thick; clotted. 
Gra'mous-ness, n. state of being clotted. 

Grun'sel. See Groundsel. 

F^fi, fat, far^ fall : mC. mCt, tli6re, h^r ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nOr, mdve, vbt ' . 






Brunt, GrHn'tlf, r. (S. grunan) to 
inunuiir as a hog ; to uttt-r n short groan. 
JrOiit, n. tliu noiM of ft lioflf 
Gront'ing, n. the noUe of swine. 

^irtityli. Soe Grudge. 

Gr^, n. (Gr. gru) a small measure. 

Gryph'on. Soe Griffin. 

Guttr-an-tce', GuJlr'au-ty, n. (Fr. aa- 
rani) a power that undertakM to Me •tlpu- 
Itttions performed ; surety for peribnnanca. 
— V. to itecuro performance ; to warrant. 

^"V^'i*'- <Fr. carder) to protect; to 

defend; to»ecure; to watch.-n. a man. 

?h i /. ?'"•«". employed for defence- 

that which defends ; protection ; care. 
UuArcl a-ble, o. that may bo RuarUed. 
Ouftrd aye, n. state of wardship. 
Qu4rd'ant, a. acting as guardian. 
Uuird ed, a. cautious i circumspect. 
Guftrd ed-Iy, ad. cautiously; circumspectly. 
OuArd'er, m. one who guards. 
Guftrd'fOl, a. wary ; cautious. 
Gu4r'di-an, n. one who lias the care of an 

ori)han ; a protector — a. performing the 

oJlice of a protector. 
Guar'di-an-ness, n. a female guardian. 
Oii(ir'di-an-ship, n. the office of a guardian. 
Guard less, a. without defence. 
GuArd'ship, n, care; protection. 
Oiiflrd fhSm-ber, Gudrd'rflOm. n. a room for 

the accommodation of guards. 
GQ-ber-na'tion, n. (L. gubemo) eo- 

vernment; rule; direction; 
Ou-ber'na-tive, a. governing ; ruling. 

Gud'§:eon, n. iFr.goujon) a small fish ; 
a person easily clieated; a bait; an iron 
pin on wbicii a wheel turns. 

Gu^r'don, n. (Fr.) a reward : a re- 
compense. — V. to reward. 

Gu2s8, tj. (D. gmen) to conjecture ; to 
hit upon by accident.— n. a conjecture. 

GuSss'er, n. one wlio guesses. 

Gu68»'ing-ly, ad. by way of conjecture. 

Gu5st, n. (S. gest) one entertained by 
another ; a stranger ; a visitor. 

Guest 9ham-ber,n.cliamI)erof entertainment. 
Guest'iTte, n. liindhesn Sue to a guest. 
Gu£8t'wi;e, ad. in the manner of a guest. 

Guide, V. (Fr. guider) to direct ; to 
govern ; to regulate.— n. one who directs. 
Guld'a-ble, a. that may be guided. 
Guld'anfC, w. direction ; government. 
Oulde'less, a. having no guide. 
Guld'er, n. a director ; a regulator. 
Oulde'pOst, n. a directing post. 

Guild, n. (S. gUd) a corporation. 
Gulld'a-blc, a. liable to iax. 
Gutld'hall, n. the hall in which a corpora- 
tion usually assembles; a town-hall. 
GuTlo, n. (S. wi{flian ?) craft ; cunning. 
CuIIe'fOI, a. wily ; insidious; artful. 
fi'uUe'fai-ly, ad. insidiously; craftily. 
Giille'less, a. free from guile; artless. 
Gull'er, n. a deceiver. 

Gunio-tine, n. (Fr.) a machine for 
liehoadin". --»->■ . • ■• .... 

Guilt, «. (S Wo crimmalitv ; gin. 
Oinlt ess. a. frte from crime < Inn^ent. 

Oul t'les^ness, n, freedomlrom crime, 
iil'ff' "• ^•"'"y chaweabJe with a crime i 
not nnoccrt; wicked; corrupt. ' 

Oul t -ly, ad. in a criminal manner. 

Gul t i-ness, n. the state of being guilty. 

Gil t sick, a. diseased by guUt. * ^ ^ 

Gullt'y-liLd, art. as If guilty. 

Guln'ea,n. agold coin valued at twenty, 
onoshlllings.ttnt made of gold fromOM<H«i. 
Ouln'ea-drOp-per, n. a kind of swindler. 

Guije, n. (Fr.) manner; dreas. 

Giii-tAr', n. (Gr. kithara) a stringed 
instrument of music. 

GQlej, a. (L. gula\) rod: a term iu 

Gulf, n. (Gr. kolpos) an arm of tha 
sea extending Into t:,d land j an abyss. 

GQiry, a. full of suifs ar whirlpools. 

Gail V. (D. kullen) to trick ; to chest? 
to defraud.-n. a trick ; one easily cheated 

"0 er-y, n. cheat ; imposture. 

fla ish, a. foolish ; stupid ; absurd. 

MS ,'.1'1^**' "• 'foolishness; stuplditv. 
OQll'catfh-er, n. a cheat. ' 

Giill, n. (W. gwf/ian) a sea-bird. 

Ganet, «. (L.gula) the throat. .^A 
OQ'list, n. a glutton. iM 

Gu-lOs'i-ty, n. gluttony. ^P 

Gany, n. (L. gn/ai) a chanigl oi 
hollow formed by running water. ^^ 

Gulp,». (D.gulpeti)to swalloweagorly 
— n. as much as can be swallowed at onca 

Gum,n. iS.gwna) a viscous juico oKior- 
taln trcM ; the fleshy covering that contains 
the teeth.— 1». to close or wash with gum. 

GOrn'mou."!, a. of the nature of gum. 

Gum-niOs'i-ty, n. the nature of gura. 

OOm'my, a. consistlag of gum. 

GDm'mi-ness, n. state of being gummy. 

Gdn, n. (engine I) a general name for 
nre-arms; a musket.— v. to shoot. 

GDn ner, n. one who manages artillery. 

GDn n;r-y, «. the art of managing artillery. 

fi«",'!?^'^"' ."• "'« powder put into giinJ. 

uQn snot, n. the reach or range of a gun.— 
a. made by the sliot of a gun. 

GOn'smlth, n. one who makes guns. 

«Qn stick, p .. rammer, or ramrod. 

«an stock, n. the wood in which a gun b fixed. 

OQn'stOne, n. the shot of cannon. 

Gun'wale,gDn'nel, n. the upper part of a ship's 
Bide, from the half-deck to the forecastle. 

Gur^e, n. (L. purges) a whirlpool. 

GOr'gle, V. to flow as water from a bottle. . 

Gur'nard, Gur'net, n. a kind offish. 

Gfish^tJ. (Got. giessen) to flow or rush 
out with violence.— M. a sudden flow. 

Gus'set,n,( Vr.gousset)ri.n angular piec« 
of cloth at the upper end of ashh-t sleeve. 

Gust, «. (L. guslus) taste ; relish ; en. 
jojmcnt; pic-jsuie.— iJ. iu iuiiie; toreiisib. 

tabe, tab, fCU . cry, crypt, m^rrh ; tflll, bOJ, Oflr, nOw. new"! f cde, pom, rai^e, e^st, thi« 




OQtt'*-bla. a tlwt may ba Uited. 
Oiii-ta'tion, N. th« act of tiiitliiK. 
Gou'rol, a. taat«riil i woU-ta-itacL 
OQit'f6l-ne»i, n. pleaMntnnM to the taate. 
Oant'leM, a. tdnteleM; lnii|:i(L 
OQt to, n. (It.) raiUh : taste ; liking. 

-GQst, n. (Din.) a TioJ«nt blast of 

wind ; a sudden bunt of pauion. 
Gan'y, a. itornijr; tenip«atubua. 

GJit, n. (Ger. ktitlel) the internal pass- 
age for food ; tlie itoniach ; a paiisaKe.— 
V. to take out the bowels ; to eviscerate ; 
to plunder of content*. 

OOt'tlc, V. to iwallow greedily. 

Gut'ter. n. (Fr. fjonltiir«) a passapre 
for water s a channel.— 1>. to cut in imall 

GBt'tu-loiiR, a. (L. gtilla) in the form 
of a ainall drop. 

GSt'tii-ral, a. (L.ffultur) belonJ^ing to 
the throat ; pronounced in the throat. 

Guz'zle, V. (It. gozzol) to h wallow 
peedilv ; to feed iinniodonitely.— ». an 
iniatiaule person or tiling. 

^ybe. See Gibe. 

^lym-na'^l-um, n. (Gr.ffumnos) a place 

for athletic exercises; a'sclinol. 
9;nt'nast, (Jlym-nfls'tic, m. one who tcachct 
^^practlsos athletic exercises. 
9|V-iiia'ti-cal-Iy, a<t. athletically. 
()ynH|fii'tics, n. gymnastic art or exorcise. 
9ymTIIc,9ym'n'-cal, a. pertaining to athletic 

exercises; performing athletic exercises. 
9jrm'nics, ». athletic exercises. 

^ms-nSsVphist, n. (Gr. gumnos. 
iophot) one of a sect of Indian philosophers. 

^j?n-80-«o'ra-py, ^y-n8c'ra-oy, n. (Gr. 
guni, kratoi) feouile government. 

^vn'ar-chy, n. (Or. gunL archi) 
female government. 

^yp'se-ous, ^yp'sine, a. relating to gypsum. 

^iyp'sy. See Gipsy. 

^yre, n. (Gr. guros) a circular motion : 

a circle.— f. to turn round. 
9y-ra'tion, n. the act of turning about. 

p^ve, n. (W. gevgn) a fetter ; a chain 
for the legs — v. to fetter ; to shackle. 


IM, int. an expression of wonder, 
surprise, sudden exertion, or laughter. 

Hftlje-as cor'pns, n. (L.) a. writ by 
which a gaoler is order-s^ t>- ■ "^luce the 
body of a prisoner in tour' 

Iiab'er-dSsh-or, n. 'v. • . ,. )<?, 
. c*«» ?) a dealer in Mnnii v.-^n . 
Bab'er-d&sh-er-y, n. 8m«L 



Ila-b^r'^on, n. (S. Aa/«, btorgan) uw 

mour for the neck and breiiat. 

Httb'it, n. (L. haheo) dross; garbt 
custom ; inveterate use ; state of any thiny 
—V. to dress ; to accoutre ; to array. 

Ila-lillM-ment. n. dress j clothes: garment. 

Hftl/l-ta-ble, rt. that may he dwelt in. 

Ilab'ita-cle. n. a dwelling. 
Hftb'l-tanyo, n. dwelling; abode. 
Ilftb'i-tant, n. a dweller : a resident. 
HAb-irt&'tion, n. place of abode ; dwelling. 
IlAb'i-ta-tnr, n. a dweller ; an Inhabitant. 
llAb'lt-cd, a. clothed ; accustomed ; usual. 
Ha-bU'u-al, a. formed by habit ; customary. 
Ha-blt'u-al-ly, ad. by habit ; customarily. 
Ila-blt'u-ate, v. to .-<ccustoni ; to make luinU* 

lar.— «, inveterate by custom. 
IIAb'i-tude, n. long custom ; habit ; statd 

Hack, V. (8. haccan) to cut ; to chop j 

to cut clum (ily.~n. a notch ; a cut. 
IlAck'ster,n.abully; aruHiun; an assassin. 

H5ck. n. (Fr. haqiienee) a horse lot 

out for hire.— a. hired. 
Hflck'ncy, n. a niig; a hired horse; a hire- 

ling.— a. lot out fur hire ; nmch used ; 

worn out.— V. to use much ; to carry in a 

1 1 .ick'ney-cOayh, n. a carriage let out for hire. 
Iiack'nev-c0o9h-man,n. the driver of a hired 

or Imckney-cottch. 
IlSck'ncy-man, n. one who lets horses forhiro. 

HSckTiut, n. a hand-gun ; a culverin. 
IIAckbut-ter, n. one who fires a hackbut 

IiacTvlo, V. (Ger. hechel) to dross flax. 
—n. a comL for dressing tlox. 

Had, p. t. and p.p. of fiave. 

Had'dock, n. a sea-fish of the cpd kind. 

Haft, n. (S. hcefl) a handle ; a hilt.^ 
r. to set in a haft. 

Haff, n. (S. hages) a witch ; a fury ; an 
ugly old woman. — v. to torment ; to terrify. 
HSg'ged, a. like a hag; lean ; ugly. 
HAg'gish, a. like a hag ; deformed. 
HAg'ship, n. the state or title of a hag. 
UAg'bGrn, a. boru of a witch or hag. 

Hag'^ard, a. (Fr. hagard) lean; pale; 
rugged; wild.— «. any thing wild ; aoawk. 
HAg'gard-ly, ad. palely j deformedfy. 

HSgWd, n. (S. haga^geard) a Btaflfc- 

Hag'gis, n. (/lack) a Scotch dish. 

Hag'gle, V. {hack\ to cut ; to choi . 

Hag'gle, V. (Fr, harceler) to bo difiB 

cult In nioking a bargain. 
HAg'gler, n. one who hagg'es. 

H3g-i-Sg'ra-pha, n. pi. (Gr. tiagvt, 
grapho) sacred writings ; n name givec t8 
part ot the books of Scripture. 

HAg-i-fig'ra-phal, a. relating to the writingt 
culled liagiographa. 

HSg-i-Og'ra-pher, n. a sacred writer. 

HSguo'but. See Hackbut. 

Vate, fat, far, faU ; mC, met, thdro, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, nor, mftTe, ata; 




f {ah, hA, int. an exfa-ossion of aurnri«« 
or ujfurt. * 

''I'i'l' m ^^' ''^ff^^^ '''■"P" o*" ralu frozou 
iiIh/ ""*■"*'■ •" f"'""" '!•'"'" hall. 
ulVh^* e"n»l«tlng..nmll ; f-.ll „f hall. 

Hau «Oiio, n. a partlcU or ilnglu ball of liull. 
Ilf4il, m/ (S. A«/) a term of salutation. 

iiailKl-low.n. a companion. 

Hair. n. (S. A«i") a small filament 

H.1li-;ie»i, a. waiiting hn!r. 
JJ'^ "^y. «• covered with hair. 

{in i' "TSv"* "*" of being hairy, 
Mair ')r6adth, n a very snmll distanco. 
Mfl .lota, n. iiun made of hair. 

mi llf,, . . a allot fSr (ylng up the hair. 

ie flTAtn-.S^''- ^''{^'x^rde) a battle- 
JtiJU-bor-dicV, n. one armed with a halberd. 
Hai'fy-on, n. (Gr. halkuon) the kinc- 
„««•'♦"■•-«• placid : quiet ; still. *• 

itfti-9y-0 nl-an, a. peaceful ; qulot ; atlll. 

lUle,a.iS.hal) healthy; sound ; hearty. 

SSf' "• ^^J"- ^"^"^"^ to ^Jrag by force. 
Wal Ing, «. the act of dragging by force. 

Half, li4f, n. (S. Aea//) an equal part 
of any thing divided Into twoj o mo ety : 
r. Mivej.-«d. equally; in part-i. to 
divide into two parts. 

mlfer, n. one who has only a half. 

li* ?/?'. ••'•• .*" '"^''''' '"'" two parts. 

of fh„" «• "• ""« /«"•" ^f the same father or 
H4iV. 1 • f^™! raother, but not of both. 
H*'^'''"'«J-e«'. «■ luoan ; deRencrato. 

},'■» f'dCud. a. almost dcai. 

I -I n&nH* "''^''""^ f "'y P"* °' f'o face- 
il'i f.t t'f'j*^''' "• 'mperfeetly hatched, 
{'"f heard, fl. not heard to the end. 

i" J' ^f"'^''' "• hnperfoctly learned. 
Ilaif'lOst, a. nearly lost. 

II „m^o"; A- *''® "."^°" ^"'' "» <"«'« half 
{ luminated ; any thing In tbe shape of a 

—'"ajf-nioon ; a crescent. 

nairpart, n. equal share. 

Tifi f-S^i?'"^' ''*»'P«n-ny. "• a copper coin. 
II? f'K „♦ ' "• fu'T" Pl"*^ •=""'«'^ hy officers. 
H& ;/Pi"i' "• ^^^ ^°^"^^ P^r' of a quart. 
S- « *?^} "• superflcially informed. 
TTfl f'ff ■?» •*!• "• °"? imperfectly learned, 
li^^ If"'"*.*^' "• ""^"'S imperfectly. 
«a Fstarved, a. almost starved. 
Hairstraiiied, a. Iialf-bredj imperfect. 
Ha rsword, n. close figlit. ^ 
H? r.*?^ "' equidistant.-arf. in the middle. 
iJ-m ,:'."•,'' °'°'^'*''«*'' 5 a f^f^lish fellow. 
Hairwlt-ted, a. foolish ; weak in inteUoct 

Hari-but, n. a large flat fish. 
IlSri-dom, n. (S. A«%. dom^ an adju- 
ration by what Is holy. ' ' 
Ha-Kt'uK»us, o. (L. A«/o) vaporous. 
Hall, n. (S. A«a/) a court of justice : 

iL™""°'"''°V*^.' " P"'''"c room ; a large 
rnnn; ; 3 (;.j!.eg53jj. bory. 

Ilal-lc-lu'Jah, hai-le.lQ'y», ». (H.i t 
•ongofth«nk#>flvU)n ' ' ^ ' ' 

IlAl lo-hi Jatic, a. denoling ■ lMa]«|i^>kb. 

Ilairiards, IIa^ya^d^ n. pi. ropM w 
tackle toliolst or lower a iftiL 

T^Ialloa', in/, oxpressif.g enconraao. 
Ilal-lOd'lng. n. a loud and vehonienrcry. 
Hallow, V. (S. haliff) to make hoI» • 
to consetrale j to reverence aa hol». ' ' 
Hal low-mas, n. tho (bast of AII-muIL 
"aJ-'9'il-natc, ». (L. hallucinor) to 

Han!! ^r'n/I.*""' to "'Wake; to.turohi* 
Hal-la.fl-na'tlon, n. error ; blunder j lulmkft 

Hiiao, n. (L.) a bright circle round 

the sun or moon. 

Hal'scr, liu'ser,n. {S.haU, sal) a ropo 
les3 than a cable. ^ 

"fl'l' V; /^' ^^.''"^ *<> ''"t; *o stop; 

to hcsltate.-«. Inme ; crippled.-n. tbe id 

of In.pir-g 5 a stop in a m5»lxh. 
{;-.'}"■• ?• «*"" who halts. 
Ilalt'lng ly, ad. In a slow manner. 

Hait'er, n. (S. hw(fter) a rope to han« 

malefactors ; a ropo for leading or conHii- 
wUh'*acoJd!' " •"°"* eord.-*. to bind 
Halve, hay. See under Half. 

Ham, n. (S.) the hip : the thigh ofiia 
animal salted and dried. " ^^^ 

Ilara'strlng, «. the tendon of tho lMim.-if. 
to cut the tendon of the ham. 

H8mVdry-ad, n. (Gr. hama, drua) a 

Ha'mate,o.(L.Arfwjw«)hooked together. 
lia mat-ea, a. hooked ; set witii hoolw. 

Hamlet, n. (S, ham) a small village. 

nam let-ted, a. accustomed to a hamlet. 

Ham'mor, n. (S, hamur) an instrn- 
inent for driving or beoting.— r. to beat 
With a hammer ; to form with a hammer i 
to work In tho mind. * 

nflra'mer-clOth, n. tho cloth which covers a 

Ham'mer-man, n. one who works with a 

Ham'mock, n. (Sp. hamaca) a swing- 
ing bed. * 

Hamp'er.n. (.S.hnasp) a large basket; 
a kind of fetter.— r. to shackle ; to impeded 
Hin'a-per, n, a basket r a treasury. 

Han'ce?, n. n/. (L. ansa) the ends of 
elliptical arche*. 

Hand,n. (S.)the palm with tho fingers; 
a measure of four inches ; side ; act ; kkill ; 
a workman ; form of writing ; ready pay 
ment.— ». to give ; to transmit ; to lead. 

nftnd'ed, a. having the use of the hand. 

HAnd er. n. one who hands or transmits. 

5!''?jf'''* "• ** ^^^^ ** *''« •'»"«* can contain. 

nan die, v. to touch ; to manage ; to treat, 
^n. that part of any tlilnv which is ke!4 
in the iiand ; that of'whiclTuse is mad& 

40be, tOb. fail ; cry. cr?pt, myrrh ; tOll, bay, OQr. nO*. ne* ; yede. ^em. raije. e jist. thte 




Uand'less, a. without a hand. 
Hand'ling, n. touch ; execution ; cunnlnp. 
Ilftnd'y, a. ready; dexterous; conyenient. 
Hand'i-ly, ad. with skill ; with dt terity. 
lijtnd'i-ness, n. readinesi ; dexterity. 
HAnd'ball, n, a i^mo with a ball, 
llftnd'bar-j-ow, n. a frame carried by hand. 
Uand'bas-ket, n. a portable basket. 
Iland'bell, «. a bell rung by the hand. 
Iland'bOw, n. a bow managed by the hand. 
Uand'br&idth, it. a space equal to the breadth 
of the hand. 

Hand'cDff, n. a fetter for the wrist ; amannrlo. 

— «. to manacle ; to fetter with handcutl.s. 
Iiand'fast, n. hold ; custody.— a. fast, as by 

contract.— v. to betroth ; to join solemnly 

by the hand ; to bind. 
Haiid'fast-ing, n. a kind of marriage, 
lland'gai-lop, n. a slow easy gallop. 
Iland-gre-nade', n. a ball filled with powder, 
liand'gftn, n. a gim wielded by the hand, 
lland'i-tiaft, n. work performed by the hand. 
Hand'i-crafts-man, n. a manufacturer. 
Iland'i-w6rk, «. work done by the hand, 
liand'ker-f hief, n. a piece oi cloth used to 

wipe the face, or cover the neck. 
IIAnd'maid, n. a maid that waits at hand, 
liand'maid-en, n. a maid-servant. 
lland'mlU, n. a mill moved by the hand. 
Hand'sailj, n. sails managed by the hand. 
Hand'saw, n. a saw manageable by the hand. 
Hand' with dextwity or readiness. 
nand'spll<e, n. a kind of wooden lever, 
lland'staff, n. a javelin. 
Iiand'w^ap'on, h. a weapon in the hand. 
Hand'wrlt-ing, «. the form of writing pecruat 

to each hand or person ; an autograph. 
Iland'y-blow, n. a stroke by the hand. 
Iianl'y-dJnd-y, n. a play arnon^ children. 
Hand'y-grljw, n. seisure by the hand. 
Hand'y -stroke, n. a blow by the hand. 

Hand'sel, han'ael, n. (S. hand, syllan) 
the first act of using any thing ; a gift ; 
an earnest— 1>. to use any thing for the 
first time. 

Hand'some, a. (S. hand, sum) ready; 

well formed ; beautiful ; graceful ; elegant ; 

ample ; liberal ; generous. 
Iland'some-ly, ad. gracefully ; generously, 
lland'some-ness, n. beauty ; grace ; elegance. 

Ilang, V. (S. hangian) to suspend ; to 
put to death by suspending ; to cover with 
somethingsuspended ; to depend ; to dangle; 
to decline : p. t. and p.p. hanged or hOng. 

Iiang'er, n, one that liangs ; a short sword. 

Hang'ing.n. drapery hung or fastened against 
tire walls of a room ; death by a halters 
display.— <3. foreboding death by a halter. 

Iiang'by, Hang'er-On, n. a servile dependant. 

Uang'man, n. a public executioner. 

Hank, n. (Ic.) a skein of thread ; a 
tie ; a check — v. to form inti hanks. 

Hank'er, v. (D. hunkeren) to long 
with keenness ; to linger with expectation, 
nank'er-ing, n. a longing; strong desi.e. 

Hap, n. (W.) chance ; fortune ; acci- 
dent ; casual event. — v. to befall, 
H.lp'less, a. unhappy; unfortunate; luckless. 
gap'ly, «i. perhaps ; it may be; by chance. 

HAp'py, a. lucky; fortunate; In a stftt* « 

felicity; blessed; ready; harmonious 
nnp'\)\-ly,ad. fortunately; in astate of felicity. 
Iiap'pi-ness, n. good fortune ; felicity, 
ilap-haz'ard, n. chance ; accident. 

Ila-rangue', n. (Fr.) a spe'jch: an 

oration. — v. to make a speech ; to address. 

Ha-rang'uer, n. an orator ; a public speaker. 

Har'ass, v. (Fr. harasser) to waste; to 
fatigue ; to perplex — n. waste ; disturbance. 
Har ass-er, n. one who harasses. 

Har'bin-|er, n. (S. here, beorgan) a 
forerunner ; a precursor. 

Hdrljour, n. (S. here, beorgan) a lodg- 
ing ; a port or haven for ships ; an asvlum. 

_— «'• to lodge; to shelter; to entertain. 

Har bour-a^e, n. shelter; entertainment. 

HAr'bour-er, n. one who harbours. 

Har'bour-less, a. without harbour or shelter. 

Hard, a. (S. heard) firm ; not soft : 
difiicult; laborious; painful; severe; un- 
feeling ; unjust ; powerful ; avaricious.— 
ad. close; near; diligently; laboriously: 
earnestly; nimbly; violently. 

Ilard'en, hard'n, v. to make or giow hard. 

Hard'ly, ad. not softly ; not easily ; scarcely. 

Hard'ness, n. the quality of being hard. 

JJard'ship,n.toil ; fatigue ; injury; oppression. 

S^^j'^?.^',^"" • **^°"fif ' ^^"^ 5 "^o'*! J stout. 
IIar'di-h66d, n. boldness; stoutness. 

Har'di-ness, ♦». firmness ; stoutness ; courage. 
HArd-be-s6t'ting, a. closely surrouBdina. 
Hard'bOOnd, a. costive. 
Ildrd'earned, a. earned with difficulty. 
Hard'fa-voured, a. coarse of features. 
Hard-fa'voured-ness,n, coarseness of feature! 
Ilard'flst-ed, a. covetous ; close-handed. 
Hard'fought, a. vigorously contested. 
Hard'got-ten, a. obtained by great labour. 
Ilard'hand-ed, a. coarse ; severe. 
Hard'hCad, n. collision of heads, 
llard'hclrt-ed, a. cruel ; pitiless ; unfeelinr. 
Uard-heart'ed-ness, n. cruelty ; want of ten- 
derness ; want of compassion. 
Ilard'la-boured, a. elaborate ; studied. 
Ilard'moathed, a. not obedient to the bit 
Iiard'ware, n. nwnufactures of metjrf. 
Hard'ware-man, n. a dealer in hardware. 

Hare, n. (S. hara) a small quadruped; 

a constellation.- v. to fright. 
Hare'bCll, n. a ttower. 
Ilare'brained, a. volatile ; giddy ; wild. 
Hare'hflnt-er, n. one who hunts hares. 
Hare'hant-ing, n. the hunting of hares. 
Hare'llp, n. a divided upper lip. 
Uare'pipe, n. a snare for catching hares. 

Ha'rem, n. (P.) the part of the hous© 
allotted to females in the £^st. 

Har'i-cot, har'i-co, n. (Fr.) a kind o£ 
ragout of meat and roots. 

IlarkjU. {hearken) to listen iw/.hcar ! 

Harl, n. the filaments of flax or hemp. 

Harle-quin, n. (Fr.) a buffoon; a 
merry-andrew.— V. to conjure away. 

Har'lot, n. (W. herlodesi) a nroiU- 
tute.-«. lewd.— n. to practise lendnRss. 
ribaldry; icwdnesi. 

Fate, fat, fdr, fall; me, mCt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, cOr, m6ve, sow 

•it^*MMbif^m ».» 




ildim, n. (S. hearm) injury: crime: 
mlflchJef; hurt.-r. to injure; to hurt. 

Harm fQI, a. hurtful ; mischievous. 

llarm'fQI-ly, ad. hurtfully; noxiously. 

Uarin ess, a. innocent ; not hurtful ; unhurt. 

Harm esa-ly, ad. innocently; without hurt. 

Harm lew-ness, n. quality of being harmless. 

Har'mo-ny, n. (Gr. harmonia) concord 

or sound; agreement; consonance. 
Har-nion'ic. Har-mOn'i-cal, a. relating to 
W.'.-".^ A °^ **","."""? ' concordant; musical. 
Mar-m6ni-cal-Iy,«d.lnaharmonical manner, 
aar-mo ni-ous, a. concordant ; musical. 
War niO'ni-ous-ly, ad. with harmony, 
liar mo-nist, n. a musician ; a harmoniaer. 
ttarmo-nize, v. to adjust in fit proportions : 
to make musical: to agree; to correspond! 
Harn»nlz-er, n. one who harmonizes. 

"^,«!!f^',"v^^''- ^omois) armour: 

furniture for horses.-v. to put on harness. 
Harp, n. (S. hearpa) a musical instru- 

nient ; a constellation.— r. to plav on the 
„har;.; to dwell on ; to affect, ^^ ° 

Jiarp er, n. one who plays on the harp. 
Harp .ng, n. the act of playing on the harp : 

a continual dwelling on/ " ^»^v , 

Ilarp'ist, n. a player on the harp. 
Harp 8i-chord, n. a musical instrument. 
Har-poAn' n. (Fr. harpori) a dart to 

Mrike whales with.-r. to strike with a 

Har-po-necr', Har-pfldn'er, n. one who 

throws the harpoon in whale fishtog. 
Uarp'ing-i-rou, n. a bearded dart. 

Har'py, n. (Gr. harpuia) a fabulous 

winged monster ; an extortioner. 
Har'que-buss. See Arquebuse. 
HSr-ra-teen', n. a kind of cloth. 

HSr'ri-iIari, n. (Fr. haridelle) a de- 
cayed strumpot. 

^hare*"*^' "' ^^"''^^^ * ^^& ^^r hunting 

Har'row, n. (Ger. harhe) a frame of 
timber set with teeth, to break clods and 
cover seed.— r. to break or cover with a 
harrow ; to tear up ; to disturb. 

Harrow-er, n. one who harrows. 

HSr'ry, «. (S. hergiari) to plunder: 
to pillage ; to harass ; to tease ; to vex. 

Harsh, a. (Ger. harsch) austere: sour: 
rough ; crabbed ; rugged ; rigorous. 

Harsh ly, ad. austerely ; sourlv ; severely. 

Harsh ness, n. sourness ; roughness ; severity, 

Hart, n. (S. heort) the mgile of the roe. 
Harts born, n. the horn of the hart ; a drug. 
Harts'tt^ngue, n. a plant. ^ 

Har'vest, n. (S. Jusre/wst) the season 

of reaping and gathering the crops; com 

ripened and gathered; the product of 

I.Tl)our.~r, to reap and gather. 
Har'vest-er, n. one who works at the harvest. 
Uar-vest-hOr,ie'. ,.. the song or feast at the 

conclusion of harvest. «-u»i, anne 

y ?LX?*H"'''J' »■ the liead reaper at harvest. 

Ty ^^,t'''^"liS^,' "• *" '"'"Se formerly carried 
'^'>o"t on the last day of harvest. "" 

Har'vest-nian, n. a labourer la harverti 

HSs, third person ringular othatre. 
Hast, second person singular of hank 
Hash, «. (Fr. (hacher) to mince: to 
chop into small picces._;L minced meLt. 

'*hf1^*'.:""^^1?*' "• <Ic.Aa*/a?) the 
heart, Uver, and lights of a hog. 

HSsp, n. (S. hcBps) a clasp folded over 
a staple.— tf. to shut with a hasp. 

HSs'sock, n. (Sw. hwass, saeck) a thick 
met for kneeling upon- 

Hfiste, n. (Ger. hast) hurry; speed; 

pi;ew.|pltation.~w, to move with speek 
Has ten, has'n, v. to make haste ; to urge on. 
Has'ten-er, n. one that hastens. 

HwIf'.„'''*'l"'^'''u*P*^*'y5 vehement; rash. 
Has t -ly, ad. with haste; speedily; quickly. 
Has i.ne3s.n. speed; hurry; irritability. ^ 

llif l ??-'hmP'- ^"y P«** • «arly fruit.^ 
Has-ty-pud'ding, n.a pudding made of water 
or milk and flour boiled together: 

Sf.l' ",' ^^- ^'^'^ * <''>^c»' ^oi the head. 

Hat ted, a. wearing a hat. 

ir^f'f^'i'* °"* ^''^^ ™a'««» Of sells hats. 

Iltt'hftT Vi",".? ?^""« "l** ">""** the hat. 
Hat bOx, Hat'case, n. a bos or case for a hat 

HStfh, t>. (Ger. hecken) to produce 

young from eggs ; to plot-ii. a brood. 
Hat9h'er, n. a contriver. ^^ 

mtgh, n. (S. haca) a half door: pi. 

-.jne openings in a ship's deck. ^ 

Hatch way, N. the way through the hatchsB. 
Hat9h. V. (Fr. hacher) to shade bv 
Di?l« " <^rawing and engraving. ' 

M4tf h ing, n. a kind of drawing or engraving. 

ment for beating flax.-r. to beat flat 

5W®*;."' ^^'^^- ^*«^*«> a eraall axe. 
uatfh et-fa^e, n. a prominent iU-fomed fiice. 

HStfh'ment, n. (achievement) an ar- 
morial escutcheon. 

Hate, «. (S. kalian) to dislike ereatlvi 
na?»^A*,®'* ' to abhor.-n. great disYike. 
Haff/J^*,*^ odious; detestable; malignant 
wL'^fl? "'y- "'*• 0'''?"«"y 5 malignantly. 
Hate'fOl.uess, n. odiousness. 
Hat'er, n. one who hates. 
Ha'tred, n. great dislike ; enmity, 

Hau'berk, n. (S. ha/s, beoryan) a coat 
of mail without sleeves 

HauKht,hat,a. (L.artMs) high; proud, 
naught v, a. proud; disdainful; arrogant. 
Haught i-ly, ad. proudly ; arrogantly. 
Haught'i-ness, n. pride ; arrogance. 
Hau-teur'.n. (Fr.rpride; haughtiness. 
HfiuL «. (Fr. haler) to pull ; to draws 

to drag by lorce.— n. a pull ; a draught. 
Hfium, n. (S. healm) straw ; stubble, 

HaunrA, n. (Fr. hanche) the thicli- 
the hip. " 

j Haunt, V. {Vr.hanter) to frequent : to be 
I much about.— n. a place much frequented. 

labe.tOb.fftll; cry. crypt, m^rrh; toil, boy, Ottr, B(Hfr, new ; cede.yem.raise.e^istHii;: 




fliuiit'er, u. one who haunt*. 

Haut'boy, ho'bby, n. (Fr. haul, bois) 

a 11X111(1 instrument. 
Have, t>. (S. habban) fo possess; to 
||, hold, to enjoy ; to maintain ; to require ; 

# 50 procure ; to contain : p. t andp p. had- 

Hav'er, It. a possessor ; a holder. 
Ilav'ing, n. possewion ; estate 7 fortune. 
Ha'ven, ha'vn, n. (S. A«E/en)a por* 
Ha'ven-er, n. an overseer of a port. 
Hav'er-sack, n. (Fr. havre-sac) a bag 

in which soldiers carry provisions. 
Hav'oc, n. (S, hafoc?) waste; devas- 

Ution. — 0. to . ay vaste ; to destroy. 
H4w, n. (S. haga) the berry and seed 

of the havvthorn. 
Haw'thom, n- a thorn which bears haws. 
Haw, V. (Gcr. havch ?) to speak slowly 

and with hesitation. 
Hawk, n. (S. hafoc) a bird of prey.— 

y. to fly hawks at fowls ; to fly at. 
Hawked, o. formed like a hawk's bill. 
II4wk^er, n. a falconer. 
H4wk'injr, M.the diversion of flying hawks. 
Hawk'nosed, a. having an aquiline noso. 
Hdwk, «. (Ger. hauch) to force up 

phlegm with a noise. 
H4wk'ing,n.the act of forcing up with noise. 
Hdwk, V. (Ger. hucken) to offer for 

sale by crying in the streets. 
Hawk'er, n. one who hawks goods. 
Hiiw'ser. See Halser. 
Hay, n. (S. heg) grass dried for fodder. 
Hay'loft, n. a loft to put hay in. 
na/mak-cr, n. one employed in making hay 
Haz'ard,n.(Fr.A<Mard) chance; danger; 

a gjme at dice.— ». to try the chance. 
Haz^ard-a-ble, a. liable to hazard. 
H*z^ard-er,n. one who hazards ; a gamester. 
Harard-ous.a exposed to hazard; dangerous 
Haze, n. (Ic. haea?) fog; mist. 
Ka zy, n. foggy ; misty ; dark. 
Ha'zel,ha'zl,n.(S.AcBsO ashrub which 
bears nuts.— o. like hazel ; light brown. 
Ha'zel-ly, a. of the coiour of hazel-nut. 
Ha'zel-nut, n. the nut or fniit of the hazel. 
He, 7>r. (S.) the man; the person. 
Head, n. (S. heafod) the part of an 
animal which contains the brain ; the 
chief; the principal ; the first place ; un- 
derstanding; front; forepart; top; source; 
topic of discourse; power; crisis;-o. chief. 
HSad'ed, a. having a head or top. 
Hfead'er, n, one who heads. 
Eldad'less, a. having no head. 
IleaJ'ship, 71. chief place ; authority. 
Kfiad'y, c. rash ; hasty; violent. 
IlSad'i-ness, n. rashness ; precipitation. 
Ilfiad'acho.n. pain in the head. 
!fead'b4nd, n. a fillet for the head. 
Uead'bor-ough, n. a constable. 
Head'drSss, n a covering for the head. 
HSad^gear, n. the dress of the head, 
^caaiand, n, a prumuutory a cape. 

HOadaftng.rt. steep; rash; sudden.- oii. wlti 
head foremost ; rash.y ; hastily. 

Hcad'man, w. c chief; a leader. 

Ilead'm6n-ey, n. a capitation tax. 

HCad'pieije, n. a helmet ; understanding.'quar-teif , the quarters of the obiel 
commander of an army ; the place from 
which orders are issued. 

Head'shake, n. a significant shake of the hcai. 

JlCads'man, n. an executioner, 

Head'sprlng, n. fountain ; origin. 

Hfiad'stall, n. part of a bridle. 

H Sad'stOne.n.tne capital stone; a grave-stone. 

HCad'strOng, a. ungovernable ; obstinat*. 

Ilead'strOng-ness, ». obstinacy. 

U I'lvd'tlre, n. attire for the head. 

Uiiid-wdrk'man, n. the chief workman. 

Heal,«. (SJi«/an) to euro ;to grow well. 

Hoal'er, n. one who heals. 

il^al'ing, n. the act or power of curing.— a. 
tending to cure ; mild ; mollifying. 

Health, n. freedom from bodily pain or sick- 
ness; a sound state; purity; salvation; 
wish of happiness. 

Health'ful, a. free from sickness ; serving to 
promote health : wholesome ; salutary. 

ITOalth'ful-ly, ad. in health ; wholesomely. 

I16alth'ful-ness, n. the state of being well , 
wholesomeness ; salubrity. 

Health'less, a. sickly ; weak ; infirm. 

HCalth'some, a. salutary ; wholesome. 

HCalth'y, a. enioying health ; conducive to 
health -, sound ; wholesome ; salubrious. 

ASalth'i-ness, n. the state of health. 

Hi-ap, n. (S.) a pile ; a mass ; an accu- 
mulation.— ». to pile ; to accumulate. 
Heap'y, a. lying in heaps. 

Hear, «. (S. hyran) to perceive by the 
ear ; to listen ; to be told ; to give audience; 
to attend : p.t and p.p. h^d. 

Hoar'er, n. one who hears. 

Hc-ar'ing, n. the sense by which sounds ara 
perceived ; audience ; a judicial triaL 

Hear'say, n. report ; rumour. 

Hear'ken, harTcn, v. (S. heorcnian) to 

listen; to attend; to pay regaM. 
Ilcar'ken-er, n. one who hearkens. 

Hearse, n. (Fr. herse^) a carriage to 
c jnvey the dead.— v. to inclose in a hearse. 
Hearoe'cldth, n. a cloth to cover a hearse, 
Hearse'llke, a. suitable to a funeral. 

Heart, n. (S. heorte) the primary organ 
of the motion of the blood in an anima 
body ; the vital part ; the chief part ; tha 
inner part; courage; spirit; affection.— 
V. to encourage ; to animate. 

Hedrt'ed, a. seated or fixed in the heart. 

He4rt'ed-ness,n. sincerity; warmth; zeal. 

Heart'en , hart'n, v. to encourage ; to anima Us 

Iieart'en-er, n. one that»animates. 

Heftrt'less, a, void of aifection ; splritlesa, 

Heart'less-ness, n. want of aff"ection or spirii 

Heart'y, a. cordial ; sincere ; zealous. 

Ileart'i-ly, oA. from the heart ; sincerely. 

Heart'i-ness, n. sincerity; zeal; eagerness. 

Heart Ache, n. sorrow ; pang ; anguish. 

Iieart'ap-pall-ing, a. dismaying the heart. 

lleart'blood, n. the blood of the heart ; life. 

Iloart'breilk, ?i. oysr^^owcrin™ t*"* — ■■* 

Ucart'breiik-ing,o.overpowering with sorrow 

»4t., lit, «'/UI; me, met, thtoe, hit-, pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nOr, m«y«, s6o 







HeftrfbrCd, a. bred In the heart. 
Iieart brO-ken, a. overpowered with grief. 
Heart'bOm, n. an affection of the stomach. 
Heart bDrned, a. having the heart inflamed. 
Heart bDm-ing, w.pain in the stomach ; dis- 
tt^a"»'''u^', enmitv.-a. causing discontent. 
Hefirt chilled, a. having the heart cliilled. 

II f hS'i"''"™"'."^' «• tJestroying the peace. 

Ileart'dcar, a. sincerely beloved. 

Heart deep, a. rooted in the heart. 

Heart ea^e, n. quiet ; tranquillity. 

H )art eas-ing, a. giving quiet. 

Heart eat-mg, a. preying on the heart. 

M^f tSfilP^^'l"'.'''?' "• opening the feelings. 
Heart felt a. felt at heart ; deeply felt, 
"cart grief, n. affliction of the heart. 

np?r»'^f'i';*'^i'?^' "• o'^diirate; impenitent. 
Heart of-fend-mg, a. wounding the heart. 

1 ,^;?i:|*3i i'"'"^' "• conqueiing the affection. 
Ti>^ i/^. J"^'"-°^''''P"*eringwithanL'uish. 
Heart rob-bmg, a. stealmg the aflections. 
Heart s'eaje, n. a plant. 
Hcirt'slck, a. pained in mind or heart. 
Heart sore, n. that which pains the heart— 

a. violent with pain of heart. 
Heart'sOr-row-ing, a. sorrowing at heart. 
Heart'strlng;, ,». pi. the tendons or nerves 

supposed to brace and sustain the heart. 
Heart 8tr0ck,a.driven to theheart; dismayed. 
Heart swell-ing, a. rankling in the heartf 
Heart whole, a. with affections untouched 

Heart'woOnd-ed, a. filled with love or grief. 
Heart'woflnd-ing, a. filling with grief. 

Hearth, n. (S.haorth) a place for a fire, 
"^j^th'mon-ey, Hearth'p6n-ny, n. a tax on 

Heat, n. (S. hcBiu) the sensation pro- 
duced by a hot substance; caloric; hot 
air ; Hush ; e«citenient ; agitation ; passion ; 
ardour ; a course at a race ; a single effort. 
— f. to make hot ; to warm. 

Heat'er, n. one that heats. 

llcat'less; a. cold; without warmth. 

Hcat'fui, a. full of warmth. 

Heath, n. ('S,.heBth) a shrub ; a place 

overgrown with heath ; a wild tract. 
HOath'er, n. a shrub ; heath. 
liOath'y, a, full of heath. 
HCath'cOck, n. a bird that frequents heaths. 
HCath'pOOt, M. a bird. 

rant of the true God ; a pagan ; a gentile : 
the gentile nations.-a. pagan ; gentile. 

Ilea thcn-ish, a. belonKing to the heathens. 

Hea then-isli-ly,a( the niannerof heathens. 

Hea then-jsh-ness, n. state of the heathens. 

Hea then-ijm, n. paganism ; gentilism. 

Hea then-lae, v. to render heathenish. 

Heave, V. (S. hebbari) to lift ; to raise ; 
to throw ; to cause to swell ; to pant • 
p.t. heaved or hOve ; p.p. heaved or hOven. 

Heave, n, a rising ; a swell ; an effort. 

Heav'er, «. one who heaVes. 

Htav'ing n. a panting ; a rising ; a swell. 

Ueave'of-fer-iug, n. an offering among the 

Heav'en, hev'n, n. (S, heofon) the ex- 
pause of the sky % the reirion". n.bnv!i • ths 
nabitation of Uod aiid" The"blessed / the 
bupreme Power. 

neav'en-l«e, v. to render like hearen. 
ueav en-ly, a. resembling heaven ; celestial j 

supremely excellent.-ad. in the mannM 

of heaven ; by the influence of heaven. 
Heav en-h-noss, w. supreme excellence. 
Heav'cn-ward, ad. towards heaven. 
Heav en-bom, a. descended from heavea 
HCav'en-brCd, a. produced in heaven. 
Heav en-bullt, a. built by divine agency. 
Heav'en-di-rert-ed, a. raised toward heiveni 

taught or di cted by heaven. ' 

H6av'en-glft.ea, a. bestowed by heaTen. 
Heav'en-Iy.mlnd-ed,a. having the affectioM 

placed on heaven and spiritual things. 
Heav cn-lj^mlnd-ed-ness, n. the state of ha«w 

:riK the affections placed on spiritual thini* 
Hfav en-war-nng, a. warring against heaven! 
Heav'y,a. (S.A?/^) weighty; ponder- 

0U9 ; sorrowful ; dejected ; afflictive ; bur- 
densome ; tluggfsh.-wrf. with great weight. 
gOav i-ly, ad. with great weight. '' 

HCav'i-ness, n. weight ; depression. 

« i'^l^*''^?'*^;" • (Gv.hebdomas) a week 
Heb-dOm'a-daf, Heb-dOm'a-da-ry, «: weekly. 
Heb-do-mat'i-cal, a. weekly. ' "e«K'y-. 

Heb'e-tate«(L.Aeies)todulIjto blunt. 
HCb'ete, a. dull ; stupid. 

Heb'e-tude, n. dulness ; bluntness. 

Hebrew, he*brii, n. (H. Eber) an 
Israe ite ; a Jew ; the Hebrew lanjruage.- 
the'l to' the. people or language oi 

He'brew-ess, w. an Israelitiah woman. 
He bra-ijm, n. a Hebrew idiom. 
He bra-ist, n. one skilled in Hebrew. 
He-brl'fian, n. one skilled in Hebrew. 

Hec'a-tomb,hec'a-t6m,n. {GT.hekaton. 
oous) a sacrifice of a hundred oxen. 

i?M •!*'', ^^^'Val, «. (Gr. heah) 
habitual; constitutional; morbidly hot. 

HCc'tic, «. a hectic fever. ' 

Hec'ti-cal-Iy, ad. constitutionally. 

Hec'tor, n. (Gr.) a buUy. 
Hec tor-ly, a. blustering; insolent. 

Hedge, n. (S. hege) a fence made ot 
thorns or shrubs.— «. to inclose with k 
hedge ; to surround ; to hide; to skulk. 

Hfid^ er, n. one who woFks at hedges. 

fI6d|e'born, a. of mean birth ; obscure. 

HCdge'hOg, «. an animal set with prickles. 

.HCd^e'note, n. a term for low writing. 

Hedp'pig, n. a young hedgehog. 

Hedp'rOw, n. a row of trees or bushes. 

H6dge'sp.1r-row, n. a bird. 

HCd^''ing-bllI, n. a hook for cutting hedges. 

Heed, v. (S. Jiedan) to mind ; to re. 

«*^*^7ri,'° a"end.— n. care ; caution ; notion. 

S- -l/E'',*^ watchful ; cautious ; attentive. 

HeedfaWy, ad. attentively; carefully. 

Ht ed mi-ness,n.eaution; vigilance; attention. 

HeCd ess, a. negligent ; inattentive ; careless. 

Heed ess-ly, ad. carelessly; inattentively. 

Heed less-ness, n. carelessness ; negligence. 

Heel, n. (S, hel) the hind part of the 

iOt;t.— f. io dance ; to add a iieel. 
Heel pieye, v. to put a piece of leather on a 
shoe-heel.— n. a piece fixed upon the heel. 



•Obe.tnb.fCdl; cry. crypt. myVih; toil, bO?, OOr. nftV^. new ; vede, gem, raije, e^ist. tWn 




HSft, n. {heave) heaving ; effort. 
Heft'ed, a. hcared ; expressing agitation. 

Ile-^p-mfln'ic, He-§o-m8n'i-cal, a. (Gr. 
htgettton) ruling ; predominant. 

He-^'ra, H?^'i-ra, n. (A»-.) tho Mo- 
hammedan epoch or era, recltoned from 
the day of Mohammed's flight from Mecca, 
July 10, A. D. 622. 

Heifer, n. (S. heahfore) a young cow. 

Heigh-ho, hlTio, int. expressing lan- 
guor or uneasiness. 

Heielit,hlt,n. iS.heah) elevation; alti- 

tucTe ; summit ; high place ; utmost degree. 

Height'en, hlt'n, v. to raise high ; to improve. 

UC'ight'en-ing, «, improvement ; aggravation. 

Hei'noua, a. (Fr. haine) atrocious. 
H6i'nou8-ly, ad. atrociously j wickedly, 
ilci'nous-ness, n. atrociousness ; wickedness. 

Heir, ar, n. (L. hceres) one who in- 
herits, or succeeds to the property of an- 
other.— 1>. to inherit. 

Hdir'doii., n. the btate or possession of an heir. 

HfiiKess, «. a female who inherits. 

Heir'lesg, a. without an heir. 

Hcir'ship, n. tho state of an heir. 

Ueir^dAm, n. any furniture or moveable 
which descends by inheritance. 

Held, p.t. and p.p. of hold. 

He-ll'a-cal, a. (Gr. helios) emerging 
from the light of the sun, or entering it. 

Hc-ll'a-cal-ly, ad. as if emerging from the 
light of the sun. 

Heli-0-trOpe, n. (Gr. helios, trepo) a 
plant whicn turns towards the sun ; the 
sunflower; a mineral. 

Herix,n. (Gr.) a spiral line ; a winding. 
Heri-cal, a. spiral ; winding. 

Hell, n. (S.) the place of the dcA'il and 

vicked souls. 
Hetl'ish, a. relating to hell ; iniemal. 
Heil'ish-ly, ad. infernall; ; wiokedly. 
HCirish-ness, n. extreme wickedness. 
Heirward, ad. towards hell. 
Hell'y, a. having the qualities of heU. 
Heirwack, a. black as heU. 
Heil'born, a. bom in hell. 
H«ll'bred, a. produced in hell. 
Heil'brewed, a. prepared in hell. 
Heii'b'-'^th, ft. an infernal composition. 
HfiU'ctt, n. a witch ; a hag. 
Heil'dddmed, o, consigned to hell. 
H611'g6v-emed, a. directed by hell. 
Heil'hag, n. ahagofhell. 
H511'hat-«d, a. abhorred like hell. 
IleU'haunt-cd, a. haunted by the devil. 
HeU'hOQnd, n. a dog of hell j an agent of hell. 
Heirklte, ». a kite of infernal breed. 

Hglle-bore, n. (Gr. A^/fefioros) a plant. 
Ha'le-bo-rijm, n. a preparation of hellebore. 

HeHe-nic, a. (Gr. Jlellen) Grecian. 

Sel'le-nisra, n. a Greek idiom, 
erie-nist, n. one skilled in the Greek lan- 
guage; a Jew who spolv-e the Greek lanj^uage. 
nel-le-nls'Uc, Hel-le-nls'ti-cal, a. pertaining 

\^ %XiU XAC^'CItiS*?* 

Iiei-le-nls'ti-cal-ly, ad. according to Ibi 

Hellenistic dialect. 
Herie-nlze, i;. to use the Greek language. 

HSlm, n. (S. helwa) tho instrument 

by which a ship is 8t( ored v, to steer. 

Ilelmj'man, n. one who steers a vessel. 

Hglm, n. (S.) armour for tho head. 
Ildlmed, a. furnished with a helm. 
Hcl'raet, n.armourfor the head ; ahead-piece. 
Uei'mut-ed, a. wearing a hehuet. 

Hgl'ot, n. (Gr. helos) a Spartan slave. 

Help, V. (S. helpan) to assist ; to sup- 
port ; to aid ; to relievo ; to remedy ; to 
prevent; to avoid.— n. assistance; aid; 
support; succour. 

Heip'er, n. one who helps ; an assistant. 

Heip'ffll, a. giving help ; useful ; salutary. 

Help fai-ness, n. assistance ; usefulness. 

Heip'less, a. wanting help or support. 

Help'less-ly, ad. without help or support. 

Help'less-ness, n. want of ability or succour. 

HClp'mate, n. a companion ; an assistant. 

Hel'ter-skel-ter, nd. {li-hilariter^ceh- 
riter ?) in hurry and confusion. 

Helve, n. (S. helf) the handle of an axe. 

Hem, n. (S.) the edge of a garment 
doubled and sewed ; a m)rder.— v. to form 
a hem ; to border ; to inclose. 

Hem, n. (D. hemmen) a sort of volun- 
tary cough.- V. to utter a hem.— int. hem ! 

Hem'i-^y-cle, n. (Gr. hemisus, kuklos) 
a half circle. 

Hem'i-sphere, n. ( Gr. hemisus, sphaira) 
half a sphere or globe. 

Hem-i-sphCr'ic, Heni-i-sph6r'i-cal, a. con- 
taining half a sphere ; half round. 

Hem'i-stich, n. (Gr. hemisus, stichos) 

half a verse ; a verse not completed. 
H6m'i-stlcli-al, a. pertaining to a hemistich. 

Hem'lock, n. (S. hemleac) a plant. 

Hem'or-rhage, Hem'or-rha-gy,n. (Gr. 
haima, rheghuo) a flux of bloodf. 

Hem'or-rhoids, n. pi. (Gr. haima, rheo) 

the piles j eraerods. 
H6m'or-rhaid-al, a. relating to hemorrhoids. 

H£mp, n. (S. hcenep) a fibrou3 plant. 
HCmp'en, a. made of hemp. 
Hemp'y, a. resembUng hemp. 

H?n, n. (S.) the female of birds ; the 

female of the domestic fowl. 
Hen'bane, n. a poisonous plant. 
Hen'heart-ed, a. cowardly ; dastardly. 
IlCn'pecked, a. governed by a wife. 
HCn'rfldst, n. a place where poultry roost 

Henge, ad. (S. heond) from this place 

from this time ; from this cause. 
H6n9e-forth', ad. from this time forward. 
Hfinge-fOr'ward, ad. from this time forward. 

Henf A'man, n. (S. hina, man) an at- 

Hen-de-ca-syHa-ble, n. (Gr. hendeka. 
rullabe) a metrical lino of eleven syllable!)' 

Fate, fat, fir, faU; me,met, th6re,h6r; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nftt, nor, Oiflve, sin j 




to Ihi 

HEP lo; 

belonging to the liver. 
Uep'ta-gSn, n. (Gr. A^;)/a, oo/jfa) a 

figun with seven angles and sides. 
Ilep-tag'o-nal, a. having seven angles. 

nop-tSm'er-ede, n. (Gr. A^p/a, m^m) 
that which divides into seven paru. 

^5£l*/M^y' "■ ^^'•- **/^«. "rche) a 
sevenfold government. 

SSl!''**'^!'!'': **• ^"^ "'» wvenfold rule. 
Hep'tar^hist, «. on .1 seven rulers. 

^'&»£'''*.5^\M«> belonging to a 
female ; the objective case of the. * *" * 
llOrj, the possessive case of the. 

"fo^'ofsZ-a^h!ry'^''' '^^ '•^'^•P™^'^ 

Her'ald, n. (Ger. AeroW) an officer 

whose business it is to carry me"sagMbe- 

at public ceremv^nies; a proclaimer- a 
foreninner.-v. to introduce as by herald 
{|«-^V^<J'c. a. relating to heraldry.^ ' 

ll^K'^i^"»7-' "• *\V^^°' "fflce of a herald. 
IlCr aid-ship, n. the office of a herald 


Herb, grb, n. (L. herba) a plant with 
a soft or succulent stalk ; a vegeteble/ 

Her ba^e, n. herbs collectively; grass. 

Hfir'baged, a. covered with grass. 

HerTjar, a. pertaining to herbs.— n. a book 

on plants ; a collection of preserved nlants 

"«>:^ba-rlze, v. to gather herbs. ''"'°°^"'8. 

H6r'ba-ry, n. a garden of herbs. 

"ei"'be-let, n. a small herb. 

Herb less, a. destitute of herbs. 


Herb wdm-an, n. a woman who sells herbs. 

Her-cule-an, a. like Hercules: very 
strong; large; massy. ' ^ 

^YiiT* ^^- 'i^''''^^ * number of beasts 
together; a drove; a company; a keener 
irSln-HA ^"Z"" *" herd^: tVatsoffi 
llerd man,H6rd|'man, whotends herds! 
Here, ad. (S. her) in this place or stafp 
nereVbOflt. HereVb6Qts/J."lbout Ut; 


Ilcre-at', ad. at this. 
Il6re-by', ad. by this. 
llere-In', ad. in this. 
Iluro-In'td, ad. into this. 
HCre-or ad. of this ; from this. 
l{Lre-<in', jd. upon this. 
liere-OOt', ad. out of this place. 
Here-to-fore'. ad. formerly; anciently. 
Ilere-un-td', od. to this. '•"'""y- 

Here-up-ftn', od. upon this. 
IlGre-wlth', ad. witli this. 

He-red'i-ta-ry, a. (L. A«m) descend- 

ing bv inheritan'"' v-ovoim 

m/p*^^/'""''*^' ?• "'i* ""ay »'e inherited. i 
Hfir-a-^itVment, n. hereditary estate. | 

iro-red'i-ta-ri-ly, ad. by inheritauc 

Hfl^ "f2„'"'* "• '^^^^^'^ of being inhotltwL 
HCr i-ta^e, u. an inheritance ; En estate 

Her'e-mlte. See Hermit. 


error in religion ; eu unsound opinion. 
ner'e-{i-arch, n. a leader in heresy. 
HCr^e-ji-fir-chy, n. principal heresy. 

"opinion's fn rTgiS." '°'"*^'' «"'"'«'°« 
Ho-ret'l-eaJ, a. containing heresy. 
He-rCt'i-caWy, ad. fa, a hireticafmanner. 
Her'i-ot, n. (S. A«r« geoian) a fine 

of a landlord or vassaL ^^^ 

Hfirt-o-ta-ble, a. subject to the fine of heriol. 
H^r'i-ta-ble. See under Hereditary. 
Iler-jaSph'ro-dlte, n. (Gr. Hermes 

Aphrodite) an animal or plant uniting the' 

distinctions of the two sexes. ^ 

Iler-maph-ro-dfi'i-ty, n. the union of the 

two sexes in one individual. 
Her-mftph-ro-dlt'ic, Her-maph-ro-dlfi-cal 

a. partaking of both sexes. ' 

rpV^nrPJ'r''""'"'';*'''!,-.'^' '"^^ aft" the man- 
ner of a hermaphi-odite. 

Her-mgt'ic, Her-met'i-cal, a. fGr 

Hermet) chemical ; perfectly close. * 
Her-mct'i-cal-ly, ad. chemically; closely. 

,mr-me-neu'tic, H^r-me-aeu'ti-cal. a. 
(Gr. Hermet) interpretuig. ' 

Her'mit, n. (Gr. eromos) one who se- 
cludes himself from society; a recluse 
mj-m-ta^e, n. thehabitati'onofahemit. 
ll6r^m -ta-ry, n. a cell annexed to an abbev. 
Her'mi-tess, n. a female hermit. ^ 

Hej-.mlt'i-cal, a. suitable to a hermit. 
Hern. See Heron. 
H^r'ni-a, n. (L.) a rupture. 

^£5?' "• ^^^' ^^^'^^^ a nian eminent 

for bravery ; a great warrior. 
He-ro i-cal, a. relating to a hero ; like a hero 
He-ro i-cal-ly, ad. in the manned of a hero 

♦A-"'"; "•, Pe'tainuig to a hero; rSc 

XTL^^^^'°''' '"•a^^J magnanimous! 
— n. a heroic verse. 

He-ro'ic-ly, od. suitably to a hero. 
wX!/ V"®' "• a f^«^^Q hero. 
HaC^II™' "• «l"?'"les or character of a hero. 
He ro-ship, n. the character of a hero. 
He-ro-i-cftm'ic, He-rO-i-cOm'i-cal, a. consist, 
ing of the heroic and the ludicrous. 

Her'on, n. (Fr.) a large bird. ^ 

tJ^^"""'?' "• ^^^'^^ ^here herons breed • 
ncr'on.siiaw, H^m'shaw, n. a heron. 

H^r^pe?, n. (Gr.) a cutaneous disease, 

Her'ring, n. (S. florin?) a fish. 

H^rse. See Hearse. 

Hes'i-tate, V. (L. ha^mm) to be doubt- 
ful; to delay; to pause. 


-be. tDb. ffill :^f, crypt, m^rh ; 1611. bfl^ Btir. nfl*. neS^; ,ede. 





H«t'er-Ar-chy, n. (Gr. heteroa, archi) 
tne govcmaaont of an oiion. 

HSt'er-o-clIte, n. (Gr. heteros, klitos) 
an Irregular word.— a. irrcRuhr. 

Het-er-o-cllt'i-cal, IlCt-cr-Oo'li-tous, a. irre- 
gular; anomalous. 

Hgt'er-o-(13x, a. (Gr. heteros, doxa) 
differing from the established opinion j not. 
orthodox ; heretical ; erroneous. 

nct'er-o-ddx-y.n.erroneous doctrine ; heresy. 

iIgt'er-0-^ene, Hgt-cr-o-^c'ne-al, Het- 
er-o-ge'ne-ous, a. (Or. heterot, geno$) of a 
different kind or nature ; dissimilar. 

n. opposition or difference oi nature. 

USt-er-Ss'gian, a. tGr. heteros, shia) 
having the shadow fiUling only one way. 

He*-, V. (S. heawan) to cut as with an 
axe; to hack ; to chop; to make smooth ; 
to form : p.p. he^n or hewed. 

Ilew'cr, n. one who hews. 

Hgx'a-gon, n. (Gr. hex,gon,ia) a figure 

with SIX sides and angles. 
Jlejf-ag'o-nal, a. having six sides and angles. 
Hej^-ag'o-ny, n. a figure with six angles. 

Hey-am'e-ter, n. (Gr. hex, tneiron) a 

verse ofsixmetricalfeet.—a.having8ix feet. 
Hex-a-met'ric, IlCx-a-mCt'ri-cal, a. consist- 
ing of hexameters. 

Hey.Sn'gu-lar.fl. (Gr. hex, L.angulus) 
Jiaving six angles or corners. 

liaving six angl 

Hgx'a-p8d,n. iGT.hex,pous) an animal 
with SIX feet. 

Hgx'a-stich, n. (Gr. hex, stichos) a 
poem of six lines. 

H&y, int. {high I) an expression of joy, 
or mutual exhortation. 

Iley'day, int an expression of frolic, exulta- 
tion, or wonder.— n. a frolic; wildness. 

Hl-a'tus, n. (L.) a gap ; a chasm. 

Hl-a'tion, w. the act of gaping. 

Hl-bSr'nate, v. (L. hiberno) to winter. 
Hl-b^r'nal, a. beljaging to the winter. 
Hl-ber-na'tion, n. act of passing the winter. 

Hl-b2r'ni-an,«. (L. ^ti^mia) a native 
of Ireland.— a. relating to Ireland. 

Hic'cough, hiklcof, Hick'up, n. (D. 
hicken) a spasmodic affection of the sto- 
mach. — V. to utter a hiccough. 

Hi-dargo,n.(Sp.) a Spanish nobleman-* 
Hide, V . (S. hydan) to conceal ; to cover .' 
Jlo protect : p. t. hid ; p.p. lad or hid'den. 
Hld'er, n, one who hides. 
Hid'ing, n. concealment 
Hlde'ond-seek, n. a game. 
Uld'ing-plafe, n. a place of concealment. 

Hide, n. (S. hyde) the skin of an animal : 

a certain quantity of land. 
Dide'bOOnd, a. having the skin close. 

Htd'e-ous, a. (Fr. hideux) horrible; 

frightful ; dreadful ; shocking. 
nid'e-ous-ly, ad. horribly; dreadfully. 
Bid'e-ouB-ness, n.liorriblene.s-S! dj'eadfulness^ 

Hie, V. (S. higan) to hasten. 

Hi'e-rarch, n. (Gr. hieros, archi) t)M 

chief of a sacred order. , 
Ill-e-rarch'al, III-o-r4rch'i-cal, a. belonging 

to sacred or ecclesiastical government. 
Iiro-rdrch-y, n. order or rank of celestial 

beings ; ecclesiastical government. 

Hi'cr-( 'lyph,Hl-er-o-glyph'ic,n.(Gr. 

hieros, (jlupho) a symbolical character ; 

the art of writing in picture. 
Hl-er-o-glyph'ic, Hl-er-cglyph'i-cal, a. tm- 

blematical ; expressing by pictures. 
Hl-er-o-glyphl-cal-ly, od. emblematically. 

Hi'er-o-grSm, n. (Gr. hieros, gramma) 

a kind of ssicred writing. 
Hl-er-o-gram-mat'io, a. denoting a kind ol 

sacred writing, 
Bl-er-o-grArn'ma-tist, n. a sacred writer. 

Hi-er-o-grSph'ic, Hi-er-o-grSph'i-cal , 
a. (Gr. hieros, grapho) pertaining to sacred 

HT'er-o-phSnt, n. (Gr. hieros, phaino\ 
a prieiit ; one who teaches religion. 

Hig'gle,r.(Aff<7.«7fe?)to chaffer; to peddle. 
Hlg^gler, n. one who higgles. 

High, hi, a. (S. heah) elevated ; exalted ; 
difficult; proud; lofty; noble; violent} 
full ; exorbitant.— otj. aloft; aloud; greatly: 
powerfully.— n. an elevated place. 

High'ly, ad. aloft ; in a great degree. 

Hlgh'ness, n. elevation ; loftiness; dignity; 
excellence ; a title of princes. 

High'Iand, »i. a mountainous region. 

High'land-er, n. an inhabitant of mountain* 

II Igh'land-ish, a. denoting mountainous laud, 

Iflgh'way, w. a public road. 

Hlj{h' way-man, n. a robber on the highway 

High'dimed, a. having lofty designs. 

IHgh'dr^hed, a. having lofty arches. 

Illgh'blCst, a. supremely happy. 

High'blown, a. much inflated. 

High'born, a. of noble extraction. 

lIIgh'buTlt, a. of lofty structure. 

Hjgli'cllmb-ing, a. diffisult to ascend. 

Hlgh'col-ourcd, a. having a deep colour. 

Illgh'day, a. fine ; beflttihg a holiday. 

High'de-slgn-ing, a. having great schemes. 

Illgh'cm-bOwed, a. h.iving lofty arches. 

Hlgli'en-^en-dered, a. formed aloft. 

High'fSd, a. fed luxuriously ; pampered. 

High'flam-ing, a. throwing flame high. 

Hlgh'fll-er, n. one extravagant in opinion. 

Illgh'flOwn, a. elevated ; proud ; extravagant 
. High'floshed, a. elevated ; elated. 
Jllgh'fly-ing, a. extravagant in opinion. 

High'gaz-ing, a. looking upwards. 

High'go-ing, a. moving rapidly. 

High'grown, a. having the crop grown. 

Hlgh'hOaped, a. covered with high piles. 

Hlgli'heart-ed, a. full of courage. 

lllgh'hoeled, a. having high heels. 

High'hang, a. hung aloft ; elevated. 

High'met-tled, a. having high spirit. 

Hlgh'mlnd-ed, a. proud ; magnanimous. 

Hjgli'plafed, a. elevated in situation or rank, 

High'raijed, a. raised aloft ; elevated. 

nigh'rea9h-ing,a.reaching upwards; aspiring 

Ulgh'rOared, a. of lofty structure. 

"'o > «.> 

--1 rt «wcp i^\z i;yiuur. 

Pate. tit. far, fail : me, met, there, hir ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, nOt, nSr. njjve, timt 







acter ; 
a. cm- 





)lent ; 








S,*?,*?*:***?*^' «• enriched with spices. 
g'Kh'saat-ed, a. fl,ed above. "^ 

H fh's'iir 'i?^^* "1'"'};^" '°°'**»» upwards. 

Migh vi9ed, a. enorraous/y wicked. 

H """PH^''^ «• inflamed to a high demo • 
accurately tinislied. ** "egreo , 

nigh'wa-ter. n. the utmost flow of tho tide. 
'^it"l^p?;soJ^- ^^^-'> - »"ean 

H! led, <j. having hills. 

S, /'"?• "• an. accumulation, 
H I'ock, n. a little hili. 



Hire, w. (S. ht/rian) to engage for uar- 
to pt ; to bribe.-n. rewarf*, w»gei '^^' 
n re loss, a. without hire; unrewa^d. 
Un^eaing, n. one who serves for wages. • 

nir'er, n. one who hires. •"""-ounry 

™. «. (S.) a handle. 
Ullt ed, a. having a hilt. 

Him, the objective case of he. 

Hin, n. (H.) a Hebrew measure. 
Hind, n.(S. Aiwa) a servant ; a peasant. 

^'i!?S"' ^®- ^'"«''«'«) backward : comp. 
hind er j «/j>. hInd'mOst or hInd'ar-mOsU 

Hm'der, v. (S. hindrian) to stop : to 
obstruct : to impede ; to retard ; to prevent, 
n n der-anpe, Hln'dranye, n. oDstructiom 
H In'der-er, n. one that landers. 

Hin^e, n. (S. hangian) a joint on which 
a door or gate turns ; a governing principle. 
■-V. to furnish with hinges; to turn upon. 


;|Ku^^^^^^^^ thigh; 

u.^^Yl' "• V""« ' limping. ^ 

Hip shot, a. having the hip dislocated. 

Hip,».(S.Aiop) the fruit of the dog-rose 

^l^'rS?^''-^' Hip'pish, a. Qiypochon- 
dnac) low m spirits; melancholf. 

^fefs^P' "• ^^"•- ^mos^^ampk) 

Hip-po-^ien'taur, n. (Gr. Unms kpntpn 
tat,ro»)\ fabulous monster.^^ ' '*"' 

Hip'po.cras,n. (Fr.) a medicated wine. 

nrp'po-dromo, n. (Gr. hippos, dromos) 

a course for chariot and horei races. ^ 


Ilir-sQte'ness, n. hairiness ; rotfghneis.^*^ 
Hia, the possessive case of Ae. 
His'pid, a. (L. hispidut) rough. 

^hf^ ^•/^•.;?y?'*"> *o "ake a sound 

Jnd tTJ tlth ^ ^'*''' '''"''«'" 'he ton^e 
and the teeth ; to express contempt or dis- 
approbation by hlssing.-n. the sound ma is 

J^d tr?" "'•"'"' ''«''^««" the ton^s 
niss'ln^ i ♦h'i'.'^ ^'P;n*°" o' contempt 
11 iss mg, n. the sound of a hiss. 

^S'siie^nce.*" exclamation command- 

^o?™;7' "• /Gr. Aw/oria)a narrative 
of past events ; knowledge of facta and 
rxw^^V 'e'ation ; description? "'"' 

JJ.'»-f ? 'i-nn. n. a writer ofljistory. 

His' ft!^'i^V'il"*''^'-?"''u''- relating to history. 
H rJrt^ 1?'''^'* '^- .'" '*•« °^nner of history: 

iiis-to-n-og'ra-pher, ti. a writer of history. 

HTs-trr-5n'ic, His-tri-«n'i-cal, a. (L 

/t«<no) relating to the theatre. 
Hls-tri-On'i.caHy, »f. theatrically. 
His tn-o-nijm, n. theatrical representation. 
Hit, V. (L. jc/mto?) to strike; to clash: 

to reach; to suit: p.f. andp.^ hu. * 
Hit, n. a stroke ; a lucky chanceT 

Hitch, V. (S. Megan) to move by jerks • 
to^e caught.-*,, an impediment ; a catch. 
Hith'er, ad. (S. hider) to this place — 
Dv"/!.?^''^'" ' towards this side. 
ij3:u ^''^l^®'* <*• nearest on this side. 
UUh-er-tA, ad. to this time ; yet ; till now 
Hlth'er-ward, Hlth'er-wardj,^ad. this wa^i 

^}Z\ "•/S\^'K/i?) a place for bees: 
the bees in a hi ve.-t;. to collect into a hive. 
HIVer, n. one who puts bees into a hive. 
Ho, Ho'a, int. commanding attention. 
Hoar, a. (S. har) white ; white with 

HAa°ri' ^^ w'th age ; mouldy.-n.autiquity. 
woared, a. mouldy ; niusiy. 
Hoar'y, a. white ; gray with age. 

T? ^"I^J'ilT' "•}^^ ,^'^*« o^ being hoarj-. 
IlOar'frOst, n. dew frozen. 

HOar'hoand, n. a plant. 

Hoard, n. (S. Aorrf) a store laid utA 
treasure.— V. to lay up a store. ^^^ 

HOard'er, n. one who hoards. 

Hoarse, a. (S. has) having the voice 

rough : having a rough sound. 
HOarse ly, ad. with a rough voice. 
Hoarse ness, n. roughness of voice. 
Hoax, «, (S. hncse) an imposition ; a 

deception— ». to Impose upon ; to deceive. 

hYk'"^-!' ?• "^ "*" with a'tWck'head ; a clown 
Hob'nailed, a. set with hobnails. 

tai^e:^^^!; cr?. crypt, m^rh; tail. bay. Mr. n5w, new; ,ede. ^em, raije, ejist. thi. 





H»b'h!flm,n. the opinions of //obbes. 
Ilob'bist, n. a follower of Hobbes. 

HSb'ble, V. (S.Aoppnn) to walk lamely; 
to limp.— n. uneven awkward gait ; a diffi- 
culty; perplexity. 

IlSb'by, n. (G. hoppe) a strong activo 
horse ; a chilJ'a horse ; a favourite pursuit. 

Hab'bler, n. a kind of horse-soldier. 

iIftb'bT-liOr«e, n. a wooden horse on which 
children ride ; a favourite object or pursuit. 

IlSb'by, n. (Fr. hobereau) a kind of 

IIob'g3b-lin. n. {Robin GoodfellowX) 
a fairy; a frightful apparition. 

Hob'nSb, ad. iS. habban, nabbanh a 
familiar call in drinking. 

Ho'bfiy. Seo Hautboy. 

H(5ck. See Hough. 

H(J-cii3-pO'cus, n. (Ochus Dochus) a 
Juggler ; a cheat.— v. to cheat. 

HSd, n. (Ger. hotte) a kind of trough 
for carrying mortar. 

H3d'dy-d8d-dy, n. an awkward or