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Collection de 

Canadian Inatituta for HIatarieal Mleroraproductiana / InslltM Canadian da i 


TIM Imtinm hm •imnpod to obam dM bm orifiMl 
cow milaMt (or lilmint. FMUm sf Mt copy wliMi 

of tfw inHtn in iIm raproduction, or mrhidi mum 
utninaK&t dungi th* lawl mMhed of f itatint, an 

0Celeurad conn/ 

□ Oamn ilmimd/ 
CguMmra MdMi 


C oMWt n iw namuia M/aa piMic uH i 

□ CoMT till* mmmil 

I Lt lis* d> cawnrtun wh im 


Cmh ttognpMxo •« Mniwr 

r-*YCalawad Ml IIa Mkw «n* MiM or Marii>/ 
I <^l EiMn4t(eulwirliAWimqiMM«M0iiiiali«l 

□ Cotowod ptotn and/or illinttotiom/ 
PlMClMi ot/w illuttratiani tn eoulMr 

□ Bound Midi 

odMT nwMrial/ 

□ Ti^t bindint may cmiw dwdoan or dMortion 
•loot jnttrior mtfim/ 

La raliim Mriia paut cataar da I'onifera oo da la 
dinonion la loot da la mana kitiriaiHa 

□ BtanklaaMi 

taut WkanmarpoMMa.dwialiaaa 

Ion d'una rattauration apparainant dam la laxia, 
man. lonqua cala iiait poaabla. aaa pa*a< n'ont 





dna la mMwda nofaula da flkiiaia lain indiwiii 

T~~\ C oloyiad 
I Ihtatdai 

I — IPaiaadMiapad/ 
LJ>il iiiwiih 

Pmh fMMwiM ct/011 pcWmMm 


□ Quality a< prim nriai/ 
QuaHU ln( |a li da I'impraMioo 


Papmation eominua 
Indudaa indaxM/ 

Tida on haada r takan from:/ 
La titra da I'an-iHa pmiam: 

□ Tida papa 

Mtra da la liwaiion 

□ Caption ol inua/ 
Titra da 

dtpart da la linratwn 


r~^ Additional aonunanti:/ Pagaa Mholly obacurad by tiaauaa havo boon rafllnad to anaura tlw boat 

bij ConunantairaiwppMnMntairat: ^!,'U* \j^ii "rropular pagination i [7], (l]-1M. 131-132, 129-130. 135-13C. 

Thit iian i« filmad at tha raduction ratio chaakad balow/ 
Ca doaunant att film* au taux da radunion indiqu* el da i ioui. 
lOX 1«X 1IX 










TIM eepv flliiMd hara hM baan raproduead thank* 
to tha ganareaity of: 

National Library of Canada 

L'axamplaira film* fut raproduit gr*ca A la 
gtotroait* da: 

Blbllothiqua natlonala du Canada 

Tha lipagaa appaaring hara ara tha bast quality 
poa-iibla eonaidaring tha condition and laglbilitv 
of tha original copy and In kaaping with tha 
filming eentraet apaelfleationa. 

Original eoplaa in printad papar eovoia ara flimad 
baginning with tha front eovar and anding on 
tha laat paga with a printad or illuatratad Impraa- 
alon. or tha back covar whan appreprlata. All 
otfior original copiaa ara filmad baginning on tha 
firat paga with a printad or illuatratad Impraa- 
alon. and anding on tha laat paga with a printad 
or Illuatratad impraation. 

Tha laat racordad frama on aach mieroficho 
ahall contain tha symbol -^ (moaning "CON- 
TINUED"), or tha symbol V (moaning "END"), 
whichavar appliaa. 

Mapa, plataa. charts, ate., may ba filmad at 
diff arant raduction ratios. Thosa too larga to bo 
antlraly includad in ona aspoaura ara filmad 
baginning In tha uppar laft hand eornor, loft to 
right and top to bottom, as many framas as 
raquirad. Tha following diagrama illuatrata tha 

Laa Imagas suivantas ont at* raproduiias avac la 
plus grand soln. eompta tsnu da Is condition at 
da la nattata da I'asamplaira filma. at an 
eonformit* avac la* conditions du eontrat ds 

laa aiamplalraa originauii dont ia eouvartura an 
IMpiar aat imprimaa sont fllmas an eommancant 
par la pramlar plat at an tarminant soit par la 
damitra paga qui eomporta una amprainta 
d'Imprasslon ou d'lllustration. soit par ia saeond 
plat, salon lo cas. Toua laa sutras axamplairss 
originaua sont fllmas an commandant par la 
pramMra paga qui comporto una ampreinta 
d'impraasion ou d'iHuatration at an tarminant par 
la damiira paga qui eomporta una talia 

Un daa symbolaa suivants apparaitra sur la 
darniira imaga da chaqua microfiche, salon ia 
eas: la symbols -*' signifia "A SUIVRE". la 
symboia ▼ signifia "FIN". 

Laa cartas, planchaa, tableaux, etc., peuvent tire 
filmas t dee taux da rOduetion diftarents. 
Lersque le document est trop grend pour itre 
roprodult en un soul clicht. il eet film* i panir 
da I'angle supArieur gauche, do gauche i droits. 
et de haut an bas, en pranant la nombre 
d'imagae nacesseire. Lee diagrammea suivants 
lllustrant la mdthode. 

1 2 3 







"wioeofY MMumoN tot aun 












1SU EiMt Main StrMt 

(716) Wa - 0300 - Phoo* 
(716) MB-59«9-Fa» 


rOQ Tllf: rLAG 


Nic ^ouih Mvkm Wcir 

Aurhoivxs of {(iioi- 

!l(tl. I!( 


' «r( w.»H«t. CLMI.y^o ISIAHO, 
Aft****! tt>t,^ UThlVc. 


l\in|f and Elmp^ror 



Lays and Incidents 


The South African War 

authoress of Carols of Canada, Dc 

Archibald Irwin, Printer. 

n3S" ■ 

c. 3 

Ent«^ according to Act of Parliament, in the year ,90. 

By Euzabbth S. MacLeod, 

In the Office of the Miniater of Agriculture 


■MIMM to our PiiriMt. 
Ho fairest tight m land or wave ! 

Ho brightest gleam of glory ' 
Shine forth that alt beneath Ihv ray, 

May read thy wondrous slo.y 
How Freedom rose when rose thy dawn 

And, though the way was gory 
Passed on ere£l, with unbound hands 
To cltmb the heights of glory 
To dimb the heights of glory. 

Beneath thy beams. Oh guiding star > 

From off the hills of heather 
1-tom western plains, from southern sea, 

Leal sons, troop on together. 
That sword which sought the mothef-hearl 

Hath nerved her every daughter,- 
AW «// tt, Wrf shall learn that blood 
Is thicker far than water. 
Is thicker far than water. 

Thou droopest not 'neath summer sun- 
Thou heedsl not winter hoary- 

Nor years shall dim that steadfast light 
Wh,eh gilds thy path of glory. ^ 
"' '^■' '""' O" 'Aou conquering Flag' 
»"<"": out for aye thy sto,y! ^' 

Across thy march of glory. 
Across thy march of glory. 


The British Cabinet 


Secy of State— Foreign . m», • ., 

I _i T. , ■ Marquis of Lausclon-ne 

Lord Pres. of the Council . . D..t.„fn! T 

,,,T -_,„,«, IJoke of Devonsh re 

.»t I^rd of Treasury and Leader in House of Commons 

Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour 
Lord Halsburj- 
- Lord O. Hirailton 
Sir Mat. White Ridley 
Rt. Hon. J. Chamberlain 
Rt. Hon. W. St. John Broderick 
Lord Balfour of Burleigh 
- - Sir Matt. Hicks-Beach 
Earl of Selbome 
Rt. Hon. Gerald Balfour 
Lord James 
Lord Salisbury 
Rt. Hon. H. Chaplin 
Earl Cadogan 
Lord Ashbourne 
Rt. Hon. W. Long 
Rt. Hon. Ackers Douglas 

Lord High Chancellor 

Secy for India 

Home Secy. 

Se V. for the Colonies - 

Secy, for War - 

Secy, for Scotland - 

Chancellor of the Exchequer 

1st Lord of the Admiralty 

Pres. of the Board of Trade , 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 
Lord Privy Seal - . . . 
Pres. Local Government Board 
Lord Lieut, of Ireland 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland - 
Pres. Board of Agriculture 
ist Commissioner of Works 


cf thlJrivaTe in'thtTr* "'."; ""'"'" -'Poke with contempt 
same. Evel he rust ™ w"? , ""'' '""" '"^'"^"^ <" '^e 
mood, acceptri .r" S: °7f 1 " u^'"* ^"'^ O™""'" 
amid the lamentations on '" "*" P*'*™"' ""«=« 



be no repetition of the crneUy thoughtIe« neglect experienced 
in former campaigns. «"vcu 

To thMe who believe the war to have been of un- 
necewao- duration, I would recommend the peru«U of 
one o Lori Robert,' de.patch«.. in which he pointo out the 
magnitude of the a«. over which hctilitie, ^ carri«l on 
and If thu. despatch fails to carry conviction, then the reader 
judi^"""' *" »"°'°""<">' "P'q''^ Of hopelessly pre. 

inoi/'l' ''"^""'f; «"=•• *" these pages are original. The 
incidents are gleaned from the public press of the period 

Owing to the kindness of His Lordship I am enabledto lay 
before his many fnends a copy of "Strathcona's" latest 
S^lT"^ r '^ ' autograph; and for figures in relation to 
Canadian Contingents I am indebted to the politeness of 
Colonels mng, of Halifax, and Moo«. of Charlottetowi" 
restively Commanders of the Militia of Nova Scotia and 
r. t,, island. 

It would seem invidious to prefer a few likenesses of 
famous generals to the exclusion of others; thus I choose the 
oneA,r.^«//™«, the Chief, Eari Roberts; while in bomiden 
loyaUy, as also in token of the distinction of having this book 

Edward VII.. I have the honor to insert therein, as frontis 
piece, a photo of his Most Gracious Majesty 

While lamenting the loss of the great' and good Qaeen 
Victoria, we have reason to be thankful that her successor bv 
inhentance is also her successor by choice of the people. May 
the love and the loyalty which has ever surrounded His 
Majesty and the peerless Queen Alexandra live on, untarnished 
through the years; and nowhere else will they exist more 
generously than in this our great and wide Dominion, our 
beautiful and hopeful Canadian land, wherein 
" G.-d bless our own dear Canada!" 

With heart and voice we sing; 
" God bless Britannia far and near! 
God bless our Sovereign King!" 


infroducHon '''^'^ 

Port I 
Record or tlv" War 

Part II 
lncldenrsoriiattle,etc ^ 

Port III 

Canada - . . . 

- ■ ■ • 86 , 

Port V 

StrathcxMVi's Hen .... 

Rf. Hon. Baron strathcona and Mount Rogal . - 105 

Part VI 
Incidents of Canadians, etc .... ,™ 

Part VII 

The Southern Seas - . „ 

Ptirl VIII 

OencraisoftheWar - - . . 


Part IX 

Medals 01 Generals 


Part X 
The Victoria Cross - 


" " - - 181 



Sututio of South Afriuu 

YUXZioz::.^"'"'"" " '^"- ^"-' -- '■• '"^ 
...r'S;;.^:^^'^^ '^ ■-'- •^-^ ■■■"- p-p".-..." 

B«:hua„.la,„l. (British ITotector.t,) a„. „,,,<«« wuart rail., 
popuht,™ «,..„,; chief clti.»,„K, Halapye,„cl«r 

Cap. Colony or Cape of Oood Ho]!., (Britid, Colony) ni»a J66 7„ 

To:;;, "^^r: Z":tL;.Tf \''"" -" *• »«— '•'- ™p^iS 
"r ,':r; 'rr.'^-r-pri.ii^'^r:; ;^''\i,f r ^■"""-■" 

WorcMter 5,4u4 KUaibeth j.,,266, I ItenhaK. 5,33,; 

e?;:::;.rt;::^^j^Shr"^' - -«° -- 

chieS;^^^^'^^-;;-— --P— ^.■^: 

chief°':;;'^,<::;^„r„%,H':;: '"■''* -^""^ ■"'"■■ ■»»-■■""" -'■'<- 

n,il-I"°;!!I!^T ^^ *'""• """""KUe^ Colony) area ^,,750 «,uare 
m.le. p^ulafon , 5oo,<xx.; chief city U.-en.o Marquee, 7^0^ ^ 

.»tiof ,t4'th"7c"ul^.";oIan7r' "''" ' "■■■" '^'^" """-■ ^- 
Potc.hef,t!Z:r^r^oia ,"::!:"''■ '"^■'■"^ K'"''«'™P. 'J-: 

Recapitulation: ..062,733 Kiuare miles, population s,4»,.«65. 

A Warainc. 

distant penod, to a voou. imitation of some South An.erican 

•lii« Iht Enxli* (W\™. nli-^ r T^ ■'"*''' '""""I. ever 

■Hma.i,i„h.«i!i,7.r;«n S ; *** '■'*"' ""'• *" "^ '«' 

Tcttfanoaki araioit the Boer. 

.n.l it. ye.rni„K .fteT' p^ J!1^T T'^'^i. *"'" I™"' "'«"'»« 
-ppe-led only to h.« S,l„T7; "" "'.''^ "'""^ '"'° >»« 

war which i. out of h-mZ y wUh th; ". ? '"""'^ ""■ ""^ "" ""• 
»n. driven to write thtaT^ ''^'"° '"'^ " *'"*■"•• ""t I 

|o fo™ onT,„„.|„nTo« r Hh'* o™^^^^^ """ "^ '"" 
If ever there wu ■ war for ih. i , ,'" ''™" ^rtUiu ii now enKBKeri. 

h.vecri«J up toh^S ^iT, J t "-e«.»lv«., who., w™*. 
U.i. i. the w„. "" '*"' •- «»»e down to deliver theT 

Kn.pi«i,bein, Pou^t..^.^^- :'','' ^'J^'-""^ "f '-e Briti* 
African mil to-day -. ,»,. .»«//, ' °™"'' »'dler. are dying on 
.-UK continued ti^^MgCu. g^r^^^^r/"'""' °' "'«'''- "-K- 
Imt thi. BcriUceof ll L1?Ti^.i. "''"'''• 'W"™"j'' "«hing 

co.oni«. to,e.her;ij"L':::„'.ru^.,rx t^tvr"""" "' 

enm«. which, unav™g«I for long y«r. ha^I^t u^ ,h '' ""^"""'^ 
ear of Eternal JnHice. ' "P """'' '^J "«o the 

U.eir/.i^Xrh.^^ru'^i'rr;'"?^' ""! ''""'™' ^'P-Wicand 
to do «,, ribbed oral! ^^Z^TVT^ " '" " '"'^ '»"' K"*-^' 
the col„™, p«p,e „, ,h?f la^J*'™*""* " *™ " Wow >.™.n being, 

"ci.. and"nd™:"'h™:: "rt^.red"""'"' '".^''■"'- "«^'"«™. 


Mil »ow thef. wa- .« pa.UI,l< .l,ll,m„„. | Wwl.:. ,„ riKht ll.«»»|v« 

h. br«K^,!. of ,hl. l.„d for over two hundml ,«», ho, n,o« «rtTc«l.r7v 
from that p.rt known „ ,h, Tra„.v«.l Urri.ory. defy dwcriplC «" U 
h™«»^« ,h„u,h ml,« wonld n,v„ con... „ .h^h J«A.»Zncl 

I^^rj' ': "'•""""'•"»«'" tl>,n.«,«„,h „«un. within «■" 

^«Vcf „h!^T ""'"r" °' *•■''" """ *""« thcBritw, C 

p««i«l to know th.t on ,v,r,„ld, individual lm,uli,i« w.Ve l^i 

Modem oppr«or. hgt t,y a I.mft»«lly Chrirtian and hixhlv reliriou, 
P«,pl^who. wiU, ,h. WW, in their hand, and lond profellion. of Wth 

put to ahame the ncmd, of what the Mvaxea of thi» land have inflicle.1 

^rciPc^,' ■ """"■■ '■■'>■■-'•'" <''>'™"i"»'h™lner, 

The Pari, • SlKle • of May ninth eonuin, a remarkahle letter from a 

wS;S;;n^i '•"'"" °' "••J"--' - "•• African waTo 
which we tranaUte aorae paaaaitea. The writer «ay« • 

• ._,"""™ "'^ '" "» Transvaal for more than five vear.. and can hear 
todm^y a. to the Boer policy towa.d. U.e ritUnder,, My ^Z^ 

S^ *f i^ •t'K,'' °^"*"«' " ' k""" by "Pcrience th« he 
STwho* ^ AM "' '"r" <■'•"'.'"«'■•■ -I «■« «t the bottom of 
bL w«U^^^,1. . ""i "^r'"*' ■•»"«. the pariah whom the 
Boerwant. to exploit in hi. own fadiion. DonMl™. there are Briti* 

^ ^^>:t Z^^, """ "" **" ■■ •»" "■' »•>■»>' difference i^ 
here that with *e EnKlirf. there is protecUon, juatice, «,Mli,y hefo" 
*. law to the black, while with the Boer the blik i. ouS" .he U^ 
How « t that the Proteatant mi«on.rie, are de.e«ed bv the bJL«. 
B«»u.e they are the friend, and the pmtector, of the black" Sat rt,« 
are amo„K« the Boer. ho„e« folk, who only a,k li,„r,v to S« the^ 

S^ h^ Tb- " r'\'™'' •'"' "■" *»• "■'' "'"■ '"e patriarchal Cr 
attached t^ h,. church, riKoroualy practisiuK bi. reliRiou, dutie., Z^: 

U *e ^eat ^wer, and-^he haa uaTu,: otn^^'^.Td'^ a^ilf^'eTh'^; 
of the Tnmavaal la a traveaty of the facta. The trnrtTi .H . . 

5^ra the. ha. eaUtaU a vaat plot worked by the amHtlouTLe^'^;": 



jnstiM. civiliation, proim-is and in k ^7° ^'","P«'«"'» "k1«. 
and that is why sheZittT'J, .,. ■''^ >>«a»ure Cliristianitv itself. 

the aKed P™...™ male Z^lt '^ria ^ SetalT ° '"*" "^- '" 
car. But he say, h.. l,„,l , '™''™ '° DelaKoa Bay in an open coal 

.» commandeeml or stolen hv the Boe™ ~ ? '''"'' P^P^rty 

is worse than it «a,lK.f„r,,l. i , ™= ^"K"-" "' 'he Boer to^lay 

man's blood M tl,e„ , ' rffl 7 ,T\""'- " """'^'""'y Christian 

victims and .lrer,ot"al'::p";^r,a*ToX"''h ''^ t' '"'" 
Briti.sli subjects." ' "'™ "i^ui* they are 




an this Ln^hter,- .his^L^^f ntl.t^ '"' "•' •7,-1%-'°' ' 


To the Editor of the Sunday loumal New York I l.„ i i ■ ...■ 
country Ia.t week, having come rt-L Cap; Town iuthAfri,i Tca-n" 

abou'tthrB.!:::' vlttt "f"^™" "" ■ ""-='- f-'» 

anyother iTLi" ^ Sic^ f^''° t^^"™" "■=" ■"■ '"*■""" - 
uevcr gets justlce from a Boer in any court of law in the 



Iuhrrhe,ai.tef«i'"" '° ""^-» ""o -"' P-e .hat .he,.,.! 
I will (five you a type of the justice In iSo= I ™ i- 

rLZT'r """""■! '"*""" -"■"« '"belles *" """ 

... r L^LV^a-7hrtX^:s/'rtr.:° tT'° 

«. he sen, then, to schi,l, and one day b«auL th^ ^ "',7 ^""T"' 

the Dutch, the teacher strtuck her™ M, ^^ ."^ "'*' ""' '"™ 

she wen. into convulJo^ltddfl™ ''"•""" "'™'"" "•»""- 

Mr. Kahey had the teacher arrested, hut he was Irt nff . .1 . ,. 

.ha. .wenly o7.he le "^r LT.^ ^T^^^I "' "- ""<«'«- 
pmi^rty, furniture and such liuTthe ^^ ^lutZ 7v 11^,''! '"? 
.0. to.e.her^,„ and sen. Mrs. Kahey^ ^erchm^n ZZZZ' 

Dayville. Conn.. Feh. n. 

Daniki, Maury. 


A cry comes over the waters; 

A sore and bitter cry, 
It stirreth our sons and daughters 

'NeaUi nigh and far off sky. 


It i> the wailinK of- n.othcra 

O'er many a neejless ){rave ■ 
It M the prajinK of brothera 

To lend a hand to save. 

Shall we who liat the mournful .strain 

. Stand coolly, idly by 
While Misery claapeth handa in vain 

And puppet powers defy.> 
No! by the Ruler of the world. 

Who gianteth liberty 
Through Whom our banners are u„furl„I 

To whom we bow the knee. 
Who lendelh unto nations might 

His mandates to fulfil : 
Nor yieldeth unto any right 

To thwart the Higher Will. 
We swear to oust the tyrant's sway 

To right the righteous cause; 

And light with Fr«dom's glorious ny 

The wronged of wrongful laws. 

the Government of Gr^at Britain and Sw A L'" 'J"" '^™«^«'''J '■>• 
th^ttrsLd: tZ^^r^r ""' "-T^^ -Htair^^^^Her fiag. 
every cLandcr^*ndr.-"-A":rrp:U'*''^' '"" """ '"^ '" 


Record of the War. 

ON the 6th day of October, ,899, i„ the sixty-second year of 
the re.K„ of Her late Most Gracious Majesty. Queen Vic 
tona, Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal "«!.„ 

haraToTherl^ ""T^T' °' °'^=" »"'^'"' ^"^ 
that all of her troops be withdrawn from the frontier, and that 

wnnm the short limit of forty-eij^ht hours 

,h. ^' !l" ","' ""^ '■'"' ' '^'^" '"'•<* "f the Boers cro.ssed 
theteundary hue; entered Natal, and shelled and derail^ 
British armoured tram; while another force sunounded the 
^^n of Mafekmg, and cut off all communication. This un«! 
pected promptitude on the part of the Boers, added to the not 

Stetn'Z'""^. '-"T !"" '"^ °""«^ ^'- State President 
Steyn. had cast m h,.s lot with the aggressor, caused much 

realized tha undue clemency had been extended to those 

tle^rrmn^""^ «™"^^°' theunpreparednes.s for wlr^ 
the few miliary Bntish in South Africa; and it was feared 

outside aid be for any length , r time delayed 

General Sir Redvers Buller, with a large body of soldiers 
under his command was at once, on the f4th, despatc"^ t" 

land" w ';:"■; """ ""'"t '""" '"'^ <''^'"« "f *- home 
land, but also from each of the Colonics came messages of 
sympathy and offers of assistance messages of 

Meanwhile the invaders had marched on to Glencoe and 
captured a train at Elandslaagte. in which neighWh.::, "n 

ouehT kT iV'*' *' '™ '"' """^ engagements were 
fought. Elandslaagte was won by the British under General 
White with the heroic a,ssistance of General French 

The Bntish, under General Penn-Symons, encountered 
the enemy under General Joubert, at Talana Hill, and aft^ 

The victory however, was deariy bought; the loss on both 
sides being heavy, whiLst the gallant leader of the British for« 

fO» THE F1.A(1 

"'"'• ■""rtally wounded, as he rode f.r, ^ 

".en to .,to™ the almost u.surmTuntlbrhm."' '"'""™'^^ '"^ 

Goieral Penn^ymoiu. 

"0. on IM.I „„„ „,„j 
fcven as upon that day 


Might on his valor tell • 
He urged us on with voice of hope 
«-lear as a tocsin bell 

" "no'Tus::.'*?"?'."' '"""«" '"^ ^■•"'e, 
or paused to catch our breath ;- 

Who would refuse to honour such 
Even to the very death 

" "^AndYi*"?!" "^ "'^^•^ «^"--' fall r 
And I be left to tell 

How like a patriot he planned ; 
How hke a hero fell 

From out his mortal pain 

R° °"if"f "ever mind me boys." 

Re-echoed down the plain 

And through a storm of rifle fire 
We rushed the frowning hill ' 

25th. General Yule renrho.! i -j ■., 
days .hereafter was fo„gh,o,7eo?fhe if T'' "'"' "^'^ 
of the whole war-that of N°ri J' Nek Tr^" V If,"'" 

estimated .heBriot^tot ?be'^f:r:^" ^''>-""'' 
apart. Joubert was leader of the B«r, ' "'"• "P"""" 

thee~nd '"' '"'•'"'• L'«'>»">'«' was surrounded by 
tne enemy and communicat bns cut off th- fir^f . ^ ^ 
from reaching the outer w„rM t. ' "^"'* "'^'■«- 

one of a numir wh ch had h^^^T' "' '"^''™^ P««>„, 
Durban. The me^«« t^^ "" '° "^J-^'"'"' from 
November, wastoir effect Z.^"T' "^""^ -^^^^ ^th 
and believ«, to 4 h'perfS X ' "" "'^^" ''™"''™'"' 
6th. Colenso fell into the hands of thp n^^ . 

^T^Lr^hf '"""d-T ^'■>-'h, which wttav^;' 

KLl:^eyI'^=fr:edtp ™f T"""^ '"^ '*""->- °^ 
the day following. "^ "^ °'"'" '""'"' *>>■ '»mba«iment 

»th. British forces left n.„K» 
a.ssista„ce of General White Th^R "* "'"'^ '° '"e 

and kept up thTfi Jh f™- f 7 *" ^"^''^ Mafeking 
troops reac^'caS ;ow„ °" '" '^"^™' «"'"=' -"" '"'^ 

she.i:.;'by tht B«';. a^nd^frr^r.'"" ^'«'^-^'"'"' "^ =>«- 
latter city. ' ""^ ^"""^^ ^^P"''*<» ^ «>rtie from the 

Boerstder^TrL^^raX^rnr ^^'^^'" '"^ 
Pan on the J5th. "elmont, and agam at Gras 

retre:t,L'-tola:dstiy:Lifr"b'^ T '"'^ ''"'^ ^""^^ 
■ccc^menenter^^tferr' """^ ^"^^^' "■"'>•''«' with 

MoodTbattle^or^^S-frVitr^^^t^^^ "'^^-P^'-. '"e 
fury for over six hours Th' "^''^"'^ "K«l "1 uncea.sing 

.5,000. both .sides Sabolt e^rarTh^r"" r?""" °^-^' 
their positions weeks ^forea'd he Bnti!h*' '""■'"«"' 
.0 «.ht on the o,„. Gene., ^rf M^r reZ;ro'::'t'h1 



of the British s^;,Tt^Tl",::'''-^'''^"'°''''^^ 

commanders, the grav",t 1 „x, t ''=\"°^'«'k«1 "kill of .heir 

that the Boer., Jre far^o'i „ "7 ^f "^" ""' ""''"^ "'"«' 
at first been app^hendiS a„^T!f "'."PP""^"'" "»" had 
revealed to the^^ut^„'/,t '"""«'' '™>» ''««•>'« farces 
.hey had long C^^fef -"T"* ••'''^"''"''"'' ""ich 
struggle. "•■'' ■" «°"apatio„ of the coming 

forcer„':de;wr.rthri'?°' 'herepmsebythe Boer 
forced march of "xuLr '^''"'"*' '^''"•"ft*- a 

on the.othof CX' andTT'''^^"™'- "Stromberg 
disaster at Mag^o"^^ o"n''t: 7^ ^^ r' °^ *-^-"' ' 
that of intense personal .sorrow hnk^ !^ "^ """^^ "«» 
immediate stron'^er and rra^^ele""' T t^ ""'" '" 
the presumptuous foe, to re»to« to "Xm .f T'^ '" ^"""' 
countrymen who were «,ff.„- 'r^™ ""e kmsmen and 

to uphold thepr°aC o tha^P^ '" '"e beleaguered cities, and 
mission to car^ e^ i\t ^""^^ "'''"^'' '" '«»'°"'cd with a 
blessings of CWstrci:nila:ir""' '"'"' '"^ -«»• '"' 


who, through what was beHevTfnl ^°"' ^*«''"^'"' 
order, marched bravely to ftel^ 1, """ ^ "" '"""^' 




"Xtrr^otty-Se::.-" — 


" We wrapped theni around in their patriot whroud. 
The crimyin dye hid of the brown,— 
Oh ! the angels might weep, o'er those heroes who sleep. 
As from regions of peace they look down. 
" For the pihroch shall sigh through the lone Highland glen. 
And the surges shall moan on the shore, 
But the .step that was music, and sun.shine, and mirth 
Shall be heard on the threshold no more. 
' We silently dug th.-m a grave on the waste. 
And we buried them side by side ; 
And the .stoutest heart failed as we tenderiy gazed 
On >hr).se comrades, laid low in their pride. 
' Together we'd shared in the hardships of war. 
And together had bra%-ed the fight ; 
But this was the .sorest, the saddest of all, 
When we covered them from our sight. 
' Then a voicing of prayer, then a last, low dirge,— 
Oh ! the wail of those pibroch notes !— 
And over that altar, for country and cause 
Rich incense of sacrifice floats." 

December 14th. General Buller advanced to the relief of 
Ladysmith but was surprised by the Boers at Magersfontein 
and repulsed with heavy loss, 

15th. Repulse of the British, under General Buller, at 
Tugela River, after a fierce and blocdy tattle in which the 
Bntush casualties amounted to one thousand men. The Boers 
were led by General Joubert. 

17th. Lord Roberts was appointed Commander-in-Chief 
of the army in South Africa, and sailed with a large body of 
troops for Cape Town. 

Towards the end of the month the shelling of the Boers 
upon the besieged cities of Mafeking and Lady.^mith proved 
more constant and more vigorous, and increasing anxiety was 
felt respecting their fate. 

37th. General Kitchener, who came from Egvpt to 
Gibraltar to join Lord Roberts as his Chief-of-Staff, embarked 



«>« TH« I^lAo 

Co,ei'^- '""■ "*"'"" "'-" '•-e .he Bocn. ,^ 

-» the supply of ammunition „^ L^TZ' *'"'**• ^hort 
suffering defender, were theTnTe'nh^f "* ^"'^ " "'* 

to Genera, Whit^^d" luZ^S^ ™"'f««""««on, and .hank, 

-pened.heC^,^,frre':u7ofrat:r^ °' «'''^'''"- 

Sehaih?r;^a?LtTr^^^" -■■''"«^-■ 
Pea.Io,,„f,ifewasabandonV™Th: Z'^T- •"'""«" 

ga<- was n.or.aIIy wounded ^"'- °*°"«1 W'ood- 

"''}Pt^^-^"^T^^'^^^ hundred and 

Gen/ralWoUr^rr^rL^nlLd^ror^^^^^^^^ '"^ '-«. 
cations, and others vis^ edX a ' °' ""* ""* <>' ™mmuni. 

and me. Udy RanToph Ch^"hTh ".T*^" «''''' ««-' 

Of thrtun^e^ S'lof C '°°'' °" '^^'' " "-'-^ 
e.^h^^lcXth^XTe';!;; ^'^"^ «'- -" - 

by C^-arKtSferch^te^ereftnl "i™^"^' '^^'-''«' 
march, .hrough a blinding d„ f.' ^""' ^ ""'K"'fi«nt 

the cuemy, entered .he "ty tord Z ^ ^"^'^''' '"^ 
Pleased wi.h .he work of the WaVB^r^^'X h^ pS 



a upomtder kui, on a kopje commaiidiiiK the ri«r. Great 
joy and thankfulne«. p^vailed all over the Empire A 

no chance of escape they surrendered. 
iHth. First battle of PaatdeberK 
hean'L «!-™' B'-""tookCole„so. The enemy admitted 
dc'LU^lhel^^chr "°"" "•" "•"">■ »•■»"«'«' "Hile 

f™,.'''"' ..^"\™' ^"'"^'■" '^'"■"' "'ffht march from Ma«rs- 
fomem ended „, h,, bein^ trap,«i. During a terrible thunder 
and l,ghtn,„g storm the British closed around him on all sides 

26th. General Brabant occupied Jamestown. 

27th. Battle at Paardelwrg, and surrender of Cronie with ^ 
over 3.000 troops. This was con.sidered one of the great 
cpoc^of the war, and was the more memorable as ha ™g 


Ring out, Oh bells of gladness ! 

Peal through the frosty air; 
The God who lent us sadness 

Hath heard the nation's prayer. 
And dawn hath risen o'er darkne.s.s. 

And right shall oust the wrong; 
For, over Af.ic's blood-stained veldts 

Shall soar fair Freedom's song. 
Droop low. Oh flags of Boerish land ! 

Majuba's bloody day. 
Through steel' and brother hearts. 

Shall be redeemed for aye. 
Not ours to place a laurel wreath. 

On every patriot's head; 
Nor drop a tear upon each mound 

Which tombs our glorioas dead. 

Otd,unthegI.„ofd.y,«.ly monument 
0« vaunt mwt common clay. 

And many a gifted, noble life 
Hath piu«d ,„,„ ,^^ 

Content to hide from mortal lien 
"" "Mven-airorded light 

Wails by the crim^ned Md- 
Yet nseth to .triumphant strain, 

^''-'''^^^^ulf'^T„r:V±^yj «.»ad™„ of 
reception. * "« »"<' received an enthusiastic 

who"nu.t,':Lto'::i^rotira:::i^r -^ °*"'"" «"■- 

W» arrival ,p„.ding, C^neiS^ri*"*?":''."^' »"« ~W'of 
went to receive him. t^eS^'r''"'' ^" "»« " o"" 
Office: ■General Dund^W J^,h"l''''f?P''«' 'o "■' War 
composite regiment, entered ' t^h • u^""^"''™'*" »"<> « 
rejoicing alUver the EmpTe. '""""' '"'»'«•>'•• Great 
The Governor of Car*, r-^i-- 

%««.rtedontXh\" rSoTI'i'^^'''^" -" -- 
Kruger issued an Ip^,?' T.'V"'''''^ '" ^l. Helena. 

British wi„ never reTh ?r^ria!° '"^ =»^"' «"<«"« "the 
Another to fail in the fight; 



The morning of golden bright gleanu 
Off waneth to darkaomcM night. 

Tin one thing to combat in wonl, 

Another to utand in the field 
■*"?"««»'"* on*'* might with the iiwonl 
Of foemen who know not to yield. 

The threatening and boasting are vain, 

The head of the haughty bend* low;' 
And the voice of the tyrant no more 

May imue his mandate of woe. 
As Herod, who kissed not the rod, 

But boa.<ited when under the ban, 
Who mount to the seat of a god 

Shall sink 'neath the footetool of man. 

Cape Town was loud in praise of the reliever of Ladv - 
»n.,th, who kept hi, men atUcking the enemy for twelve dav 
previous to entn^ Loni Roberts published an ordlMhlnkL 
the troops for their zeal and endurance "-anKing 

Sth. General Brabant defeated the Boers at Dodrecht. 
h«rf!r ^'!'2''«" "«'*»»'>'* entry into London. Never 
for«d by the troops. She smiled ami bowed contiguously 

f^t^^K ?■'* ^'''" ""' '"°"' °" *« '»«l'fi«W « Drie- 
on^m: but m vain endeavoured to rally their troops The 
route was complete. 

9th The Naval Brigade reached Durban. The ennner, 
"T.^'/« '" '^''' """"nation, with the tattered Unfon Jack 
which had flown through the siege of Udysmith 

.2th. I^nl Roberts addressed a mes.sage to the Boer 
au ho„t,es •■that, should the gross abuse of the white flagl^d 
hoId.„gnpof hands be continued, he would be compel^ ,o 
disregard the white flag entirely." 

were'^wTtr'' ^'^5'" "f*? "^^ures to Great Britain which 
Sr; '''"■°™' "' *"' Government, rejected by Lord 

General French reached Bloemfontein and occupied two 
hills near the railway station. ' 



'ith, Bloentf^.iteiii, cupiul of thi> rtr.«~ t» 
War Office : *"* '"""""'W <l«r»tch to the 

M.j«.ty' ».die™"th''e't?cl."'^ "^ ""■• "'""^ -' "" 

e...™;"'Tht°f:frc^t5rr h"""" " r™""' '" -""• ">. 
OcneLc^^^rortt^roXn "-'""^'"^ •*'"«" 

••ore a bunch of shamrocks in ,hc,r h.'..;etl "''^'"P'" 

The Shaiimxk. 
Oh the dear little Shamrock! the sweet little Shamrock - 
The proud little Shamrock. I ween- """""*"' 

NL""v,r""* *!""' """"«* "■""K" 'he dool of the year. 
Now blossoms noath smile of a Queen ! 

" ''^°'^}' Qoeen of the mightiest empire 

Which earth has ever known 
1 joy but in my peoples' joy 

Their sorrows are my own. 

" ' In'thH' "'T "' """ °' "^ ""«•«• ™""»er hours 

In the glory of manhood went down • 
I have mourned and have missed the glad voices long stilled 

More preaous than pearls of my crown. 
'■And^aJl I not mourn with mourners who weep 

O er the tomb of that glorious band ^ 

Who have died for fair freedom, for country and Queen 

On the heights of the far-away land ? 

roR THK ruui 


' Oh ye d«ughlen of Erin I liRht-h«irt«d ami Inio ; 

Oh ye tons o{ the biyal and brave I 
I rtoop (mm earth'* grandeur to gather a wreath 
For my hreve Iri»h Holdiera' grave. 

" It nhall lie of the flower of the land of their love. 

And green a> ita leave* iihall their name 
R' enahrincd in my heart, and the hearts of all Ihow 

Who link Ireland with honour and fame. 
"Oh! l)eor it, all proudly, aluft on your crettj 

That the world of the future may know 
How much of the glory, and triumph and rwt 

To the leal eons of Erin we owe." 

Oh the dear little Shamnnk ! the sweet little Shamnx^k ! 

The proud little Shamrock, I ween ; 
For the nunling which bloomed through the d(H>l of the yearn 

Now liloesoms 'ncath smile of a Queen. 

20th. T^rd Kitchener occupied IMeekal unopixwed. The 
rebels surrenderefl th' ir umin. 

28th. GeneralJoubert died, and wan buried on the day 

April 2nd. The Queen, out of sympathy for the friends of 
her brave Irish soldiers who had fallen in Africa, left Windsor 
Castle for a visit to Ireland. 

4th. Her Majesty reached Dublin. At Kingston an 
address of welcome was iiresented. The Queen replied, and 
asked "God's blessing on Ireland." Over a milUon people 
witnessed the pageant and heartily cheered the Queen. The 
Duke of Abercom said, " It is the most wondrous and most 
spontaneous exhibition I have ever seen. I am immensely 
proud of being an Irishman." 

5th. Lord ' huen captured a force un-^T General 
Villebois Mareuil, a„ iJoshop. The leader was k ■ c . 

10th. Remounts were continually arriving, but the 
shortage of horses monthly was calculated at 5,000. 

IJth. The Boers were ill-treating their prisoners, the Co- 
lonials i«irticularly. They used them as they would malefactors. 



13th. Wepener was still surrounded; but the garrison, 
600 British Horse, under Colonel Dalgetty, waj! holding out well. 

23rd. Lady Sarah Wilson wired from Mafeking, "Situation 
unchanged, the garrison depressed, but determir.-d to deprive 
the Boers of a crowning triumph. A pound of flour sold for two 
guineas; and a case of whiskey realized one hundred and eight 
pounds. ' ' 

25th. Wepener relieved. 

26th. The Queen left Dublin for England. Amid all the 
jubilation, not one arrest required to be made by the police 
during Her Majesty's visit. 

Lord Roberts. 

Halted bis arny for six weeks In Bloeinlonteln. The l^orint at bam: ttramblej 
over the delay. 

What means this sudden halt, 

This seeming aimless ride 

On war's tumultuous tide, 
Is't need or is it fault ? 

Say, is the warfare o'er. 

Hath strength of battle sped. 

Is vaunted courage dead — 
Dead, and to rise no more ? 

No ! should those colors pale 

Which never knew defeat ? 

Speak not of mean retreat 
To those who fear no gale. 

They rest but on their oais; 

They nurture needful strength; 

Well knowing peace, at length, 
'Yond war, shall rule those shores. 

^ May Ist. Lord Roberts with his army marched northward 
from Bloerafontein. 

5th. Defeated the Boers at Vet Ri 'er. 

6th. General Hamilton nccupie( Winberg. 

I2th. Lord Roberts occupied Kroonst' '. 

15th. A patrol, under Commandant Eloff, Kruger's grand- 


s -n, . Titeied Mafeking. Colonel Baden-Powell opened fire on 
them, kill'ng 1 ' and taking Eloff and several men prisoners. 
Ci i mels Piui . r and Mahon joined forces. General Buller 
oc;uji!fiil Di T.idee, and on the 16th advanced and captured 

16th. The Queen visitetl Netley Hospital and talked with 
and distributed flowers amongst the wounded. 

17th. Mafeking relieved. Sews of the relief were wired 
abroad and congratulations reached the brave General Baden- 
Powell from every comer of the globe. The occasion was made 
a day of rejoicing throughout the British Empire. 

General Ix>rd Methuen entered Hoopstad. General Broad- 
wood occupied Lindley, and General Hutton's mounted Infantry 
surprised and captured Commandant Botha and his troops 30 
miles north of Kroonstadt. 

18th. General Buller occupied Newcastle, having marched 
138 miles since the 10th. 

19th. Lord Roberts was at Kroonstadt, his cavalry 
extending like a semi-circle for many miles. General Clery was 
at Ingogo and Lc- -d Dundonald at Laing's Nek. 

21st. General Hunter was pushing up the railway with 
supplies for Mafeking. 

2.5th. Lord Roberta, and his troops, were at Verdetort 

27th. The British army had crossed the Vaal River and 
were in the Transvaal. 

28th. Lord Roberts and his army marched 20 miles and 
were then 18 miles from Johannesburg. The enemy were hard 
pressed, and had barely time to get their guns into a train and 
leave the station as the West Australians dashed into it. 

29th. Kruger was ready for flight. Aspecial train, provisioned 
and with steam up, awaited him beyond Pretoria. 

30th. The British forces under Lord Roberts entered 
Johannesburg, the occupation of which marks an epoch in the 
war ; it being by far the largest and most populous city in the 
Transvaal, and the most populous of any in South Africa. 

General Hildyard had occupied Utrecht, and General Clery 
was bombarding Laing's Nek. 

June 2nd. Generals Botha and Buller met at O' Neil's 


farm, near Majuba. BuUer asked Botha to suirender, ! ut Botha 
replied that he wag not empowered to do ao. 

5th. General Botha surrendered the city of Pretoria, 
capital of the Transvaal, and Lord Roberts marched in. The 
Umon Jack was hoisted on top of the Government offices 

The Queen, then at Balmoral, surrounded by several 
member of the Royal Family, and by many notables of her 
court^ drank the health of Lord Roberts, and the whole nation 
jomed m the toast; glorifying the victors and rejoicing in the 

blazed on Craig Gowan mountain, and illuminate,! the countr^ 
for miles around. ' 


Pretoria ! Pretoria ! 

Fair harbinger of peace; 
Bright goal, at which the storms of war 
Shall li ne their long surcease. 

Xow, three cheers for our glorious Flag 1 

The loved Red, White and Blue, 
And blessings on each patriot heart 
To Britain's honour true. 
Pretoria ! Pretoria I 

With gladness and with mirth 

The sons of Freixlom swell the song 

O'er this, thy second birth. 

Three cheers for " Bobs" and Kitchener I 

And French and Buller brave I 
And blessings on the rank and file 
Who fill a warrior's grave. 
Pretoria 1 Pretoria I 

We hail thy glad, new hour; 
Since tyranny hath dropped its chain 
And lost its lease of power. 

Cheers for our valiant heroes all ! 
May everlasting sheen 
• Illume the record of their deeds 
For country and for Queen. 


Pretoria ! Pretoria I 

'Neath firm, yet gentle hand, 
Dark Afric's deserts yet shall bloom 
To fair and fruitful land. 

Then glory to that Sovereign Power 

Who rules l)y land and sea. 
And blessed he His glorious name 
Through Whoni all victories be ! 


General Carrington was moving southwanl. 

A despatch of the 12th says: "The Fourth Derbyshin; 
Battalion of Militia has Ijeen overpowered and the Colonel kille<l 
and prisonere to the number of about six hundred are in the 
Boere' hands. The catastrophe is much more serious for the 
British than the capture of Spragge and his men." 

14th. Botha was returning to the eastwar i. 

15th. Lord Roberts offered preference to Colonials in the 
men wanted for the new Mounted Police in South Africa. 

25th. De Villic's commando surrendered to General 
Warren at Bilkcfontein. 

26th. Sir Charles Warren reported that the rebellion in 
Cape Colony, north of Orange River, was ended, the last 
formidable body of Boers, under Commandant De Villier, 
having surrendered. 

July 7th. General BuUer visited Lord Roberts in Pretoria. 
He looked none the worae for his eight months arduous work. 

Colonel Thomeycroft and his men drove back a company 
of Boers at Greylingstad. 

19th. At Lindley General DeWet's force broke through 
Generpl Hunter's cordon, but was repulsed after several hours' 
hard lighting. 

2l8t. The Boe-s made a determined attack on Heidelberg 
but were beaten off after a sharp engagement. Generals 
Hamilton and Mahon were marching eastward to join General 

It was stated in the House of Commons thai over 12,000 
troops had beendespatched to Africa since the capture of Pretoria. 



Lord Salisbury. 

' 111 »MU M iKiini, tyn niy Itrft •MItlcn, tin 'Ira; lU Nti; M OnuBrluli." 
Why smileth Peace o'er many a plain, 

Where, in those days gone by. 
The clang of arms and groans of pain 
Thrilled earth and heaven on high ? 

Is it that nations shame their birth, 

And their escutcheons mar, 
By dallying on j. peaceful earth 

In coward fear of war ? 

The bravest mariner who sails. 

Ere entering unknown seas. 
Sets rudder firm and never fails 

To watch the rising breeze. 

So is it with the wiser course; 

Those statesmen see afar 
Whose active minds, of vast resource. 

Stem off the tide of war. 

And hold that bounteous show of arms 

Doth guarantee fair peace; 
And that through force of war's alarms 

All needless wars shall cease. 

23rd. Commandant DeWet cut off Lord Robert's commu- 
nication and captured 100 Highlanders. 

August 1st. General Knox attacked a Boer force near 

Sth. Commandant Olivier escaped to the hills, near 
Bethlehem, with 1500 men. General Bundle went after him. 

6th. Boeis were damaging property around Pretoria, and 
attempting to destroy the coal mines which are necessary to the 
running of the railway. Several residents of the city have been 
sent into exile for having behaved cruelly or shamefully to 
British subjects during or before the war. 

9th. A plot to shoot all the British officers and to capture 
ijord Roberts was opportunely discovered. The conspirators 



numbered 15, of whom 10 ringleaders were arrested. The houses 
which contained the oflicera had been marked, and were to have 
l>een set fire to after the massacre, and homes stood in readiness 
to carry off the Commander-in-Chief. The affair caused 
great excitement and indignation, 

25th. General DeWet wag prevented by General Baden- 
Powell from joining forcra with Botha. Baden-Powell captured 
DeWet's WHggons. 

27th. Major Brooke, commanding at Kerai Rulway 
Station, attacked and completely routed the Boers, who were 
holding a kopje near by. H. Pretorius was among the wounded. 

The Boere were beaten back by Bruce Hamilton at AVinburg. 
General Olivier has been captured; also three of his sons. 
Olivier formerly defended Colesburg against General French. 
He was an able general. 

31st. Eighteen hundred British prisoners, released at 
Nooit Gedacht, reached French and Pole-Carew. They were 
badly clothed and half-starved. Ambulances were sent out to 
pick up the sick and weakly ones. The oflicera had lieen taken 
to Barberton, whence some had escaped. Those included the 
Earl of Lcitrim and Viscount Ennismore. 

September 2nd. The Transvaal was annexed to the British 
Empire. General Buller engaged the Boers under General 
Botha near Lyndenburg. The enemy, 2000 strong, held the pass 
and fired continually the whole day at the British. 

3rd. General Hamilton drove back the Boers and 
occupied Swartzeskopjes. Colonel Plumer defeated the foe 
near Warm Baths. 

5th. DeWet captured a British train near Kroonstadt, # 
securing 44 loads of supplies. DeWet declared he would fight 
"to the bitter end." 

The seige of Ladybrand was raised, after several attempts 
to capture the small garrison of 150 British troops. The 
attacking Boers numbered over 2000. They twice tried to 
rush the position, but failed. 

General Baden-Powell arrived in Cape Town. He was carried 
shoulder high, by the crowd, to Government House. 

8th. DeWet joined Theron near Johannesburg. General 




Paget defeated the Boers near Warm Baths and sent over iocw 
head of cattle to Pretoria. 

i6th. General Buller captured the Boer position near 
Spitekopje . The enemy lost heavily. 

soth. Kelly-Kenny was dealing with the enemy at 

22nd. Lord Methuen, at Harris River, captured many 
thousands of cattle, guns, etc. 

24th. The Guards, under Pole-Carew, occupied Koom- 

28th. Boers attacked Paget's force but were driven off. 

30th. Rundle's troops recaptured a battery gun lost at 
Nicholson's Nek, also 65,000 rounds of Martini ammunitiun. 

Oct. 1st. Twenty Gordon Highlanders were killed at 
Korriespoot. Ian Hamiltori found a number of guns in 
Crocodile River. 

8th. Commandant Muller surrendered to Clery. Boer 
prisoners aggregated 16,000. 

17th. General Botha's brother surrendered. 

19th. Kruger sailed from Lorenzo Marques, on the Dutch 
cruiser Gelderland, for Holland. 

25th. DeWet with 3000 Boers was reported in the north 
of the Orange River Colony. 

29th. Prince Christian of Sleswig Holstein, the Queen's 
grandson, died of enteric fever. He was Major in the King'sR.R 

Prince Christian. 
"Ml wliM to M'kiirM rtctlda kli cnradn In Sout Urttt." 
" I have fought in the ranks of the loyal and brave, 
I have marched 'neath a withering sky, 
Yet not in the battle, in fury of fight 
Is it mine, as a soldier, to die. 
" Sweet life, with its pleasures, its largess of hope 
Shall not be my portion, I ween; — 
But I go at the call of a Higher command, 
As I went for my country and Queen. 


"TlK-n, lay me adown «itli my comrades who s-leep 
In the ahrine of a patriot's jfrave; 
Where calmly Ml rest sincu, for a>v o'er my breast 
The loved colours of England shall wave." 

30th. Trains to Pretoria were attacked by the Boers, and 
rel^Th^r" "' ^°° ™'"""'' ^° ""''*■ *"" «"«"™«''» 
3>»t. Rundle occupied Bethlehem. The railway at 
Edenburg was wrecked by the Boers. 

^■"JT.*^," 'f.- ^'''°' "■^I-'o"''. Scaforth Highlanders 
occupied Phillipolis. ■"'uers, 

. ^""'^ ,^!? ,?"'*'■" '°°'= '''•' ■•'''='= daughter to Johannes- 
burg, and Lord Kitchener was left in command 

caoturi!!'. s,^°1 ^'""''" '^'^''""' '"" ^°"''* "* Lichtenbury, 
captdrmg several waggons-Prinsloo and Foumee were kill«^ 
and Groebler wounded. ™ 

i6th. The Queen received a detachment of Colonial 
troops at Winder, and personally thanked them for their Z 
services to the Empire. ' 

A plot against Lord Roberts' life was The 
inten ion was to explode a mine under the church which he 
usually attended, St^ Mary's, while he was within at wo ship 

/,n1 T 'T.^'l''''' "'"' °"^ Frenchman were arrested 
, , ti, ^"^"^ ™'* ""■""^ f™" his horse but 

whatever. This timely message allayed the anxiety produced 

a^ide'nl '■' ' "' '"'°^"' ''^""'" "^'^ "^^ -*' -rious 

24th. A skirmish took place at Dainsfontein. Captain 
Watson, seeing a New South Wales trooper fall, turned back 

under a hot fire and earned the wounded soldier out of Iger 
26th. General Sir Redvers Buller reached London The 
city gave him a hear', welcome. The roval carri ^7' -.1 
the General at Wind.sor: and he and La^^^tZ^^^^^^ 
the Queen and remained at the Castle overnight 

Rrit,n ^"^ /<"»«>* handed over the command of the 
British troops in South Africa to Lord Kitchener. 


FOR TRK njiO. 

December ist, The first despatch from General Kitchener 
in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief, confirms the reports 
of heavy fighting between Generals Pilcher and DeWet. 

December 3rd, Lord Roberts reached Ladysmith. He 
said he trusted the day was not far disUnt when peace would 
reign supreme, and without ill feeling towards a conquered foe. 

To fight when honor calls to arms. 

But, when the fight is o'er. 
On helpless victims of defeat 

To wield the gun no more. 

It is not thine, Britannia, 

To tread upon the weak ; 
Nor through unfair excuse of war 

A dire revenge to seek. 

No son of thine shall idly stand 

Where coward victors be; 
Nor ghoulish knave, nor fiendish aoul 

May claim a part in thee. 

6th. The 15th Parliament of the reign of Queen Victoria 
opened. Lord Salisbury paid a tribute to the skill of Lord 
Roberts and General Kitchener, and to the bravery of the 
officers and soldiers of the South African war. 

nth. A battle was in progress beteen Generals Knox 
and DeWet. 

At a reception in Cape Town Lord Roberts made a telling 
speech in the course of which he referred in feeling terms to 
the Imperial unity the war had made manifest, and to his 
pride in being the first General to command the Empire's troops 
from all parts of the world. "God has given into our bauds," 
said the Field Marshal, " a great heritage for which a heavy 
price has been paid in the blood of the best and bravest; and 
we must not be neglectful of the trust, as we have been in the 
past, but must be able to give a good account of our .steward- 



»hin and must remember there are other duties than national 

Lord Rokrti. 

Unto a nation's ^onj; of praise, 

To all the homage meet, 
Which gilds the laurels on thy brow 

And circles round thy feet. 

Since dauntless deeds of patriot hearts 

Should every muse inspire, 
1 fain m>a)d touch one other chord 

On Victory's tuneful lyre. 

Aye prompt to strike for countr>''s cause. 

Aye slow to hear re-call ; 
Amid those valiant men of arms 

The greatest of them all. 

High on that scroll, Britannia, 

Where glows thy patriots' fame. 
Encircled with a triple wreath, 

Shines forth thv Roberts' name. 

The supplementary estimatesof /i6,ooo,ooo were adopted 
m Parliament, by a vote of 284 against 8. 

14th. Botha was near Standerton with 2.500 men 
General Clements was compelled, by Delarey, to retire with a 
loss of 5 officers and a number of men. The War Office 
ordered all the available mounted infantry at Aldershot, Malta 
etc. , to leave for Africa. 

iStH. The prisoners taken by the Boers were released. 

17th A big battle at Orange River, which toed several 
hours. Total defeat of the Boers, who numbered 2000. 

Lord Kitchener wants the wounded Imperial Bushmen 
now convalescent in South Australia sent back to" Africa 
having found them very valuable troops 

Sir Alfred Milner has been gazetted Administrator of the 
Orange River Colony and the Transvaal. 



1 8th. Thi Boers invaded Cape Colony. General 
McDonald engaged them near Burgheriidorp. General Clements' 
entire force had a narrt^w escape from capture. Colonel Legge 
of the Joth Hussars, at Nogitdacht, killed five Boera with his 
revolver before being mortally wounded. 

32nd, The Boer movement into Cape Colony was checked. 
DeWet was near Senekal. 

Jitth. The Boers cut the railway south of DeAar 
junction. General French pursued them. Commandant 
Kruse was cap; ed.*--Canadians wire invited to enroll for 
«er\-ice in the South Africa Mounted Police, under General 
Baden- Powell. 

28th. Lord Kitchener announced that all who voluntarily 
surrendered would be allowed to live in the Government 
l:i.-gers till the abatement of the guerilla warfare. Seventy- 
•>. Boer prisoners were permitted to return to their homes. 
Every trooper in General Knox's column was supplied with 
three horses. 

January ist. General Knox was following DeWet; had 
captured horses, waggons of supplies and 6,ood rounds of 
ammunition. General French captured Boers and a quantity 
of cattle. 

6th. The Canada, with Lord Roberts on board, anchored 
off Osborne. Lord Roberts was given a warm welcome. At 
the Palace the Queen conferred an Earldom on him, with 
remainder to his daughter. 

Babington engaged the enemy and forced them to retire 
—20 Boers killed, and Co.nmandant Dupeit taken prisoner. 
Lieutenant Laing, 2 officers and 15 men were killed in action 
against a superior force of Boers near Lindley. 

loth. Lord Kitchener surprised many by his lenient 
dealing with the enemy. 

Khcheccf — Buonaparte. 

By the dusky tombs of the pyramids 
In the glow of their splendor were spread 

The glittering hosts of the Gallic land 
With their ever conquering Head. 

Foil THE PL.\o 

Grim Cheopn looked down from hii giddy heights 
Which rang with the wail of defeat, 

For the hrart of the xpoiler waa barren of weal 
As the desert beneath his feet. 

He looked on the slaughter of helpless men 

At the hands of an armed host, 
While the warm winds carried the shameful tale 

Of triumph where honor waa lost. 

But Thou ! Oh thou land of the noon-day light ! 

Thou land of the undying brave I 
Thine annals are clear, thy honor is dear, 

No son fills a tyrant's dark grave. 

isth. Lord Kitchener holds all the railway lines. He 
was organizing a force of 30,000 irregular horse. The 
of Cape Town was completed. The Admiral's Cape Fleet was 
prepared to land a naval brigade of 2,800 men with six 
Hotchkiss guns at Murray's Bay, 

13th. Fourteen hundred Boers cro-ssed the line, attacking 
Zurfontein and Kaalfontein, but were driven off. I/>rd 
Kitchener telegraphed that three agents of the Peace Com- 
mis,sion were taken prisoners before DeWet, January loth. 
By his orders one, a British subject, was flogged and then 
shot— the others were flogged. Until the reckoning with 
DeWet comes this action ought to be borne in mind. 

15th. Five thousand men were sent, from England, to 
reinforce the Imperial Yeomanry. 

16th. A severe engagement took place at Murraysburg 
— 6 British killed, 17 wounded and 5 missing. 

Lord Roberts, in delaying the presentation of a sword of 
honor from Portsmouth, said: "It is most distasteful to me 
to be honored and feted and called upon to rejoice while so 
many are in bitter grief." 

1 8th. Colonel Grey, with New Zealanders and Bushmen 
routed 800 Boers near Ventershiirg—General Colvillc engaged 
the Boers near Standerton, and drove them off with heavy 

90 roK THK rLAO. 

loM— 300 Boera entered Aberdeen, lootinr reet«, but retired 
befure 100 Britiih. 

19th. The Queen wu announced to be Kriouiily ill at 
Oitbome Houiw, Isle of Wight. 

2i«t. Great anxiety regarding Her Majenty'ii condition 
overspread the Empire. Public and private engagements were 
postponed and a settled gloom rested on all classes of society. 
H. R. H, the Prince of Wales telegraphed to the people, " My 
painful duty obliges me to inform you that the life of our 
beloved Queen is in the greatest danger." 

»nd. This day forms an epoch in history, and will 
always be held memorable as not only the closing of one reign 
and the beginning of another, but as the day upon which there 
passed from earthly life tl\e longett reigning and the best 
beloved sovereign who has ever graced the throne of the 
great British Empire. " My beloved mother just passed 
away, surrounded by her children and grandchildren," was 
the announcement made by the affectionate and dutiful son 
who is now destined to wield the sceptre as our future king. 
May his throne, "established in righteousness," ever rest 
secure under the blessing of Heaven, and in the love of a loyal 
people ! The Queen died at 6.50 English time. 

Jjd. The King took the oath before the Priv>' Council, 
and mode a noble accession speecb. 

a4th. The King was proclaimed EdwanI VII. at St. 
James's Palace. 

28th. Welzel, one of the peace envoys to the Bosrs, was 
shot by order of DeWet. 

29th. The United Statei Embassy sent b»utiful wreaths 
for the late Queen's funeral from President McKinley, Mrs. 
Garfield and Ambassador Choate. 

The King telegraphed General Kitchener that the late 
Queen had spoken of him shortly before her death. 

February 2nd. Queen Victoria's remains were taken 
from Osborne House to Windsor Castle, followed by the 
Royal Family and representatives from every European Court. 
The funeral, according to the wishes of the late Queen, was 
strictly military, the coffin being conveyed on a gun carriage. 

roR THU njui. 


The iiionminK iMneant w«» tiie InrKeiit ever witneawd. 
ReMKiMtm wrvicni wore hpid all over the Empire. 

4th. The late Queen wrh Anally laid tii mt benidc her 
mother and her IniiR and faithfully niuumed huohand, "Alliert 
the (io<m1j" in Fiogimire MauMdeum. 

.^h. (ieneral French, near Bethel, was driving the enemy 
eiwtward. At MiKldcrnfontein 1403 Biww made an asaault 
oil llie Britinh, and killed two ifflcen. 

Sth. A Britiah column at Petentburg brought in 4000 
howcii and cittle. U>rA Methuen captured 13 waggons of 
KUpplicii. LouiB Botha, with iWiO men waa repulml by Ucncral 
8mith-l)oricn at BothwvU. 

16th. Colonel I'lumer'n column engaged DeWet near 
PhilipsUnvn. DoWet, after a shnriMlcfeat, rcjde off, telling hia 
followers to look out for themnelven. 

Match 3iil. In an engagement at Uchtenburg i offlcen 

and 14 men were kille<l. The Boer General Celliera wa« killed. 

12th. Colcmel I'ilcher's column cleared the Boers between 

Bloemfontein and the Orange River, capturing many prisoneni 

and 300 horsee. 

14ih. The end of the war waa, apparently, not far off. 
Commandant-General Botha sent a message to I^rd Kitchener 
with a view to surrender. His brother was lately killed, and 
his two nephews wounded. 

2 1 St. Botha declined British terms for peace, and hostilities 
were resumed. A combined movement of the forces against the 
Boers, near Thaba N'Chu, resulted in great loss to the enemy. 
Besides taking several hundred prisoners in Thaba N'Chu, with 
thousands of sheep, horses and cattle. Major Byng and 
Colonel Bethune brought in 16,000 cattle and 140,000 shwp 
from the Wepener district. 

The long hoped for day of peace cannot be far distant ; for, 
despite the dogged determination of the Boer leaders to prolong 
a hopeless struggle, and that indifference to the sufferings of their 
kin which permits them to continue the work of bloodshed 
merely for the gratification of an ignoble revenge, the systems 
of evil must evei give way before the inroad of a freer, broader 
faith, a truer conception of the rights of humanity and the 
strength of a Power which has hitherto proved invincible. 

Incidents of Battle, Etc. 


"As soon as the Boer guns silenced oar artillerj- General Si'mons 
gave the order for an assault on Talana Hill, The hill rises 800 feet, and 
the distance to the top is more than a mile. The first portion of the 
ascent is gentle and over open ground to a homestead surrounded hv 
broken woods. Above the woods the ground is rough and rocky, the as- 
cent steep, and halt way up a thick stone wall runs around the hill, as 
the fringe of a wide terrace of open ground. 

Above the terrace the ascent is almost perpendicular, and atthe end 
of this was the Boer position, on the flat top so characteristic of African 
hills. Altogether, the position seemed impregnable even if held by a 
small body, against large forces, and General Symons must have had ex- 
traordinary confidence in his men when he ordered 2,000 of them to Uke 
it in the teeth of a terrible and well-sustained fire from superior numbers 
of skilled riflemen. His confidence was fully justified. 

It is said that he deliberately resolved to show the Boers that 
Majuba hill was not the measure of what British infantry could do, and 
if so, he more than succeeded. To find a parallel for the endurance, 
tenacity and heroic determination to press forward oyer all obstacles and 
at all hazards, one has to go back to Wellington's invincible infantry in 
the Peninsula. 

The men had to go through eight hours of fighting, without break- 
fast. The wood was the first cover available, and in the rush for this 
position the Dublin Fusiliers led the way, though afterward the three 
regiments went practically side by side. 

The advance of the infantry was covered by a vigorous cannonade, 
but the appearance of our men in the open was the signal for a storm of 
rifie fire from the Boers. Though our losses at this stage were extraordin- 
arily small, in the wood, which for some time marked the limit of the 
advance, they were considerable, and here, about 9.30 o'clock. General 
Symons, who had galloped up to tell the men that the hill must be Uken, 
fell mortally wounded. Throughout the morning he had exposed him- 
self, perhaps unnecessarily. His position was always marked by a t«d 
flag, carried by his orderly. 

By ten o'clock our men, creeping up inch by inch, and Uking ad- 
vantage of every available cover, had gaindthe shelter of the stone wall, 
but for a long time further advance seemed impossible. As often as a 



About twelve o'clock, hovever, a lull i„ their (it. .a^^^ 
a« opportunity for«:ali„g the w.11 kud ZhmT^^ "^T^ "" "^ 

Gun„.^g, who wa. always in the f™„t of hi, „.„,^a, JiTtl^^"!; 
Near the top of the hill Captain Pechell whn t.j ■ . . 


Boe^'^dtatot'^St^'elr^el^r^'"**''"^-'' •>"'«■' 
being seen «ying precipiute^'i^ fte C^fZ" M„"" h"*" *""'' 
reached the cteat." "» me top ot the hill when our men 


ae::"Ztel\rn."r?^.''rtheTr'™-^°'"'^'^'^- ~''™- 
«».en, aky swept a sheet oj^f W th Xelrrhh.""' h'"^ *' 
horses turned their heads and nn»i,i "tablnng drops the 

It d^ve through'^Sires'^.-'i 'S.:;rreTC™-^^^ 
i™s filled with a hissing sound and under^^, ^ ^'*'- ^*^"' 

earth melting into mud and thi ml fl • *°" ""''' "" '^•"M 

rain blott«l out hilTd Je auf en^v , °'""^ '"^ '° ""* '»'''• ^he 
water. You would haveLlduSZ h """ l"^' '="^'" °' "«»»»« 
w«lh of man. "" """"^ '"'' "f"''^ «o drown the 

Through it the guns still thundered and «,. ti. i.- , 
<lo»5«lly on. The in.antry came ™^„ the Wd^ .' T^" ^'^'^ 
out. The supports and reserves foUoH "* '*«^ "" °P«" 

other^t^-rTJ:'.— fc rs::?'!!:^ f 'tT' '""' "-**" 

down behind the recks tS m™ „ . ."""i death, m the firet line, 
flickering around S^m ^e meuT™ 7^ 'T' '"" *' """"» <=^' 
Itoply, L if a strinrihat h,ld .^ '^'*- '"'' ''°8K««<i ■-d dropped 

push'^'onand°a':Ze;t,,''Z'n™ rr' 'it "^^ ""■ ""^ 
and they came to , tocky edge, tlentyS hi^ T°"f '"'""^°° 
cover, firing, then ro- L/^ 'wenty leet high. They clung to the;wa,,Sti':';ertt:mV.^:rrw?^\*;!:i ••'""''' ■^»- ^ 
pa^d.^^dTi";™" re"'h"ei;irh,irffT„rt!." -*"«' - -« 

down. More men pushed iuirfi^-.trdX.nT^:;^ 



than ever. The air was a sieve of them ; they beat on the hoatders like 
a million hammers ; they tore the turf like harrows. 

Another ridge crownefl, another welcoming whistling gust of perdi- 
tion. More men down ; more pushed into the firing line. Half the offi- 
cers were down. The men puffed, stumbled on— another ridge taken. 
God I Would this curs'd hill never end ? It was sown with bleeding and 
dead behind, it was edged with a stinging fire before. 

On, and now it was surely the end. Merry bugles rang like the cock- 
crow on a fine morning. "Fix bayonets ! " staif officers rushed shouting 
from the rear, imploring, cajoling, cursing, slamming every man who 
could move into Ime. But it was a line no longer. It was a surging wave, 
of men. The Devonshires, Gordons, Manchesters and Light Horse were 
all mixed. Subalterns commanding regiments, soldiers yelling advice, 
officers firing carbines, stumbling, leaping, killing, falling— all drunk 
with battle. And there beneath our feet was the Boer camp and the last 
of the Boers galloping out of it. There also, thank heaven, were squad- 
rons of Lancers and Dragoon Gdards storming in among them, shouting, 
spearing, stamping them into the ground. 

"Cease fire!" 

It was over. 

Twelve hours of march, of reconnaissance, waiting and preparation 
and half an hour of attack— but half an hour crammed with the life of a 
half lifetime." 

The same correspondent, describing the end of the battle when the 
Highlanders, the Manchester Regiment and the Light Horse were 
sweeping to the final charge says ;—" To our astonishment we heard 
'Cease fire and retire,' sounded by the buglers. It was difficult to account 
for them, but not when we knew that the Boers had learned our bugle 
calls. In obedience to the sound the Gordon Highlanders were beginning 
to fall back, when their boy bugler, saying, "retire be dammed," rushed 
forward and blew a hasty "charge," whereupon the ranks closed up and 
the victory of Blandslaagte was won.*' 

Colonel Scott-Chisholme, who resigned his command of the 5th Lan- 
cers and raised the fine Corps of the ImperialLight Horse, South Africa 
was killed in the battle of Elandsgaate. 

By An onicer Who Vu Pntnt. 
After the most terrible and one-sided battle of Colenso last Friday 
I fainted when I got to camp, from sunstroke, and on Saturday morning 
found I had dysentery. How any one escaped on Friday is a marvel to 
me. We were nine and a half hours under fire, and it was like a severe 
hailstorm on a tin roof. I couldn't put my glasses up without hearing 
"phi*," "phit," "phit." FrtJtn the -i-ciy first I saw it would be no go. 
Directly we got under fire a corporal said to me : "I wonder how many 



ngm. Two companies of the Jird went in .n^ i n 

Fusiliers ifo in ot the left „f ,h , ^ companies of the 7th 


Oh. mother ! whereroe'er thou art, 

Afar o'er land or sea, 
In anguVi keen each mother-heart 

Doth bleed for thine and thee. 

Oh! for that sore, that 'woeful cry 

Of longing, 'midst the pain. 
For her whose help, through all the yeira 

Was never sought in vain. 
First name, and last upon his lips. 

Save His, who, at the close 
Of life's brief day, relieved all pain 

With undisturbed repose. 

Oh. mother ! whereso'er thou art. 

That prays by land or sea, 
"""' =»■"«" part. Heavjn will not keep 
-ly loved for aye from thee. 

Describing the battle of Colenso. Pte H Morri, ,rj n .. ,• 
King's Royal Rifles, says: "As man afte"' maT in'le Sh 
rtgiment jumped into the river to gain the other .M ,1 
shot down or drowned. When we ref"^ w,LT, i '^ ''"* 

into camp for hours. One man ZiX^Zl^Z'lT-, T'"" 
but sua managed to cntwl into our lines. TheU^rfSrcrCh; 



RMger., who wu reported amongtt Uie killed, appeared in camp hardlv 
recogniiable. He mu beqxttered wi* blood from head to foot, and 
he waa cheered aa only Britlah aoldien could cheer him " 

Private John Stroud, of the lath Bearer Company, A. M S in a 
letter to hia father at Maidatone, aaya: "We fought a great battle 
(MeMo) on Friday, an attack on the Boer porition which waa not 
BiccMrfnl There were over i,ooo caanaltiea among our own men. 
We had four bearer companiea here and they were under fire moat of 
the time, and the buUeta and ahella were dropping amongat ua too cloae 
to be comfortable. Fortunately the Boer sheila are badly made and lel- 
dmn burst; if they did a good ma-y of ua would not be alive now. Many 
of the ahella dropped within three or four feet of us, doing no damage 
but covering ua with dust. . . . In many place, on the fieldadog 
could Karcely cn«>, bullet, and dieU. dropping like a shower of rain! 
One battery of guns had to be left, all of our officer, were shot, and honws 
dead and injured, and only a few of the men got away safe It waa 
temble whUe it lasted. The fearer Company were kept on the go until 
late at night, and nuny awfol right, were to be Ken. In one plux over 
twenty were found within a couple of yanla round, and the place waa 
thick with wounded,** 


Many brilliantly written account, of the first Tugela reverse appeared 
m the English papers. Mr. Bennet Burleigh, writing of the terrible 
ordeal of fire through which those who manned our guns pasaed, says — 
The gunners never flinched nor winced, buckling to their work 
like men who grip a heavy load. Nay, more, some of them in derision 
began to field * a. at cricket, with the badly aimed apent riiot of the mach- 
inecannon. Runningaade, they would makeacatch, and call, ■ How*, 
that, umpire?* Abounding, and yet more aatounding, for thi. rtorv i. 
absolutely true I o / « 

Within a quarter of an hour Colonel Long wa. knocked over, Aot 
Uirough the arm and body, a bullet pawing through hi. liver and kidney. 
He wa. earned a»de two hundred yards, into a Aallow donga, where 
lay aeveial of the Devon, and others. There, wounded a. he wa., Colonel 
Long Knt for help to overcome the enemy*, rifie fire. But it did not 
come, for there wa. a difficulty about quickly finding either General 

Buller or General Clery colonel Long became delirious 

conrtanUy repeating : ■ Ah ! my gunners are splendid. Look at them ' 
Colonel Hunt, shot through both legs, waa alK ca.-ied to the donga 
A. the men were being Aot down very rapidly— for the Boer fire was by 
that time increaring— Colonel Hunt advised that it would be Ijetter to 
abandon the guns, but Long*s characteristic reply was : 'Abandon be 
dammed ! We never abandon guns !* 

After the order wa. given to abandon the gun. four men peiristed 




venomoudy nunni upon the ground inM dir-^ti™^ '• ^' '^"'^ 

•nd taring Ulrough *e «r ^ Arin ^^LT TwT"^ ""'"' -' """^ 
heavy and m deadly a furilade • buTndthT fh.' /!".. "" ■**" " 
infantry hesitated or winceT ' ""* «"""""■ "" *' 

i« day, ever po»e«d mote d^led ^H ,t™',''°r«'''"P^"- 
imn.d and beaming to meet dwT » Z Bri.t.h '"' ?"*"°" "■"^'-'d 
ja.«ted..d then :fth alacrity"^ S^f^td^'^-.^--^'^^^ 

AmeX" J'-^f' r^°" """"^ '""^ advance STt^y'^lS^S^ ^ 
American who had seen ■"'"^qr* at *,«»,. j- /> i. . ^ asKM an 

countrymen geneml^did «d he ^wS^T "ytf^t"'"' " "" f ™ 

Imtwaateful.' •»" ne answered, Yes, it la marveloM 

within Ty^'„?rn:::^ii*e*Liu""?? '",*• **' '™''»" "■■«' 

By 7-15 the Irish Brigade had driven the Rn— »» .1. 

It was a desperate and serious situation Th- .»._v 1, . 

was making no progtes. and the hear^ae .^V^^^ZT' ""'" 



f^^h^ • "'*"■ "^"""'^ °*" ™'"««™ w-™ found Colf™U 
Z» ™ r^""'" "■' ''^""' "' *' •■"-"nilion waggon, uki^^TMre 
t«m,,pinoprfout, andm.„.„d h«o«> again began fall ngone^r^ 

^« but ttT^-fi'"^ ""'""■•' "'«■»"'« ""-""off *.''r::!«rng 

^MoTr G.^, ^^r'^'T^"' ""* '^"•"*"8. At four the battle 
was over. General Buller abandoned the gun. and retreated " 

.. J. '■'?"" """ ^ • •»"'« <■"•«"■ drawn up by General Clerv nrr. 


7^^ TT'^ '^'^- "» ""■"■'"ition trains and guns had fo 
eras the Tugela River, then a raging torrent, with pr^lpSoitanfc, 
but not a man or a pound of store, was lost. So carefully wa, ev^ Ttan 
arranged U,at the various units of the fon:e, cavalry, S; eTc^l^'J 
mirtvto^r'M"";?"-^*'""''"' m=nlocated^t interv Is of Trim 
ZZTi^Z '""^ '"'°" ''"''' '* ''" '» ''"P "«"> in the right tracT 
^ t^A ," "IT" '"'^ ■="■= '" *= Tujela River opposite the wn' 
toon bndge Ia,d down by the Engi„eera,lnd crossedTn , f e y M 
pdded in the manner indicated they were bought at last to a temporajv 

^S^Tf tlfe''rrcr/LH""°T'"'''"" "'""'' "" «"•-«> •"*= 
IZkl^e S.!,f.bT *«''^''« °" Spion Kop, prepared to homb.„d' and 
attack the British forces, but found that they had been outwitted. 

Klll«l .t Towl. Rlv,r, Dw. ijih, ,8„. 

Oh! calmly shall thy loved one rest 
Within that ever sacred earth, 

Baptized, through floods of Mcrifice, 
Unto fair Freedom's glorious birth. 


"^'r*'" ••"»'. Waththatflag- 

Nor foot of tyranny may dare 
To de«crate hi. hallowed grave. 

^'Tfn.'" °"' ''""•' *' joy 'Of «><« 
Who sleep beneath the Afric wd ■ 

Their hve. unto their country given 
Their soul, unto the patriot'. God. 

Oh I never through .he waningyea™ 
Whnt^ir^' "" '"r""" "f "-<« •"av. ; 

Stand ;■""'""« "■"'"K'- •«' tea" 

Stand, guardmn o'er each honored gZt. 

Out-looking .yond the stonn, of ™r, 

Jo halcyon days when war Aallcea*- 
And ereo^ breath which *in, the g^v" ' 
Shall „„gthe pMta of la«ingp^ce. 


.™ch...i„.4X'7r"rifle''and'™ir'^ ^"■'"™^' '- 
awful rtorm of death and destruction ZfZ' '^"' """ P°"™' »■> 
fonnafon, pre«nH„g a marruiat' the '" "^^ """" *«"'»* 
fail to hit. " "* """ "» poorest markanan could not 

There was no time to deolov 1„ . a ^ 
»metori«n„more. The „.? ^Uae^r h^*."""^ "•'" ''y do"". 
and many a foor fellow wT woMdST^,^";,''"'"' '" °" -iirection^ 
h.s comrades. wounded by bullets from the rifles of 

f™^:at'uXtr:f tm^aSXr^f^ ^^ ■'™- "•-" •>'^ 
«wocon,pa„ies of the Black Watoh ,^Ln ^ "^ T' '™'' "'' "^^ deep. Then 
whipping out their bayonet ^h ' '''*"' "" -"^'^ '<> cha^ Td 

'""rt and left not a Za^i il" f Tad^ ""^ "^o- upon ^^ fi^t 
Knef, for their beloved General W.L J"^ °"^"' ""' ™^^<1 with 

'He «^.hey thnist *eir S^Xr.^ S^hrd Je^ "" '--^ 


-al. a ^vererepulAes/rdlf- r/ - ->-;^^^ 




dead, dying .i,d wounded, the Hlghtandm fell bjk iMvinitt. .wl 
<»mp.nie. of ,h. Royl Highlander, unsupported «d cT^Chem 
likew« to retire from the trench gained »ith their h.a^l5~vi * 2L 

•^ P^^f" l!r" "•«"' "•^°' *• "" "^ ^r". ^"^T,"" 
From Slmon>ki-i Kcount there appean lltUe reuonTriii 

!;-_ .1. ■ ^ ***'"« companie. marebed with a rop. carriJ 

otto, •n.e force expected to meet the Boer picketa <rtt and thJ^in 
o^ out for attack. But the Boe™, expecting the IIS^'lL d«vS^k 
the picket, mto the.r trencher The Highland brigade h^no Ata^h 
er. or «outa in fr^,, and Juat a. the darkne- he^fta l^Tk ftt ^^h" 
the.»lv« in „,id<,u.rte, column, rightunder • "^Boer^uS^^ """ 
The blame which can attach to Methuen can apparenUvbe onlv ^t. 
ZZLTt" *"" °"^' 'oinf*,try to attacka.£SJXifl^^"o„ 
without previoua or Bmultaneou. use of artillery. '"" P<wtion, 


.ndrhe^r^^rrJueH^JXrtel^ta^f T'" "' ™' 
officers Spion Kop, printei in tie Da.^y G^pht ^n USai^t^ 

thiaare™. not the Red C„« flag" but t^^,1rLJ^:r^JZ 
y re rtrolhng over to it, either to take cover the« or to «e wtat ~ «„ 
^ing. I promptly ordered them away. A few minutTaZ thT^ 

Md did no harm. Thi. »rt of thing went on round ^ for tte ™^ of *^ 
day. but I always kept well in the shelter of the b«ik *' 

From this time to ten o clock next moraing the wonnd«1 ~™. 
though mydre^ng «ation, a. the pas. was the onfyt^."Z ft. M 
I saw every case, and some of them were mntilat<«t h..»».j j™ "J" nui. 
Fully 330 wounded, and dead who hal died on thf w^^^^^Ch 
2^- . T^"^'^"""«» -' «■' wounded .truck m^'J^S 
men dwttered wounds anoking their pipe., aud althouriTrtl^. 

f^folTr r ^, ?"^'' "'°' •* '^''«'' '"y *° «» W«ing «■» S dav 
One old CoonuJm Thomycroff., with a gray beaM walked dotn 
leamng on h,..rifle. He waaa maasof wounda^^ne ^^it^^'^^ 


to let m, Uke hi. finger off, „ i, T. ' Zlj^ "l* ^°" ''"'PP"' '" 
pulllh..ri»j,^ofhl. rifi., .n"i r, if ,^^™' ','"' "• ""l-l -ot 
which he could u«, for he w.„M TJ. l!^ I ""'' ? "" °"" « W. 

an.ii^t'jorrL'c'j rr'Lrjr ° r -- -<>■•. 

Finally, I could «„d „„ JoreCuud^ '^ '^'•"' ""* "■»'"■'«'• 
"tack them .ith ,h. de.d"rr„^° ^IhT'"" "" ''"" »"'' "-"l to 
wounded officer, on .tr,.che™ Z.nd J. T"' ' ""•"'^ >" the 
a hypodermic of n,oT,hia * """' «"" "'™ •>"'»<Iy and 


•ome beef tea and coffee a^ .ft„ ,?? °" K°'» «" '«'ly andgM 
".en.„nthe«nb«,.nc1^''.h'^''/rt«-'""« '"* "-"■"'^ "O"'. ' «" 

Commandants Botha and BuriOTt the n^, 
upon the .cene. Tl.e former, whol^hecL.^ *'",'"'"• "'"' "■»' 
ton man, with yellowish b^ard anT^V a nd f h ' "" " ""°'"">' 
Iwutifully carved with hi. nam. ^^d aT^t , !? ° ■»«g«ificent riH. 
couple of mounted Kaffir, cj^fw h la air" •. ' *""'■ "' ■»■» ' 
-nd an interpreter. He ««Z hol^"""'""" '"•• »'"' bottle, 
'hough he ,.fu«d to apeaT? but nor''.'"."""'""'"'' «"«"* 
"rtainly... There waa^"te 1 num^r „f "^^ """ '"'"•• "Certainly 
that on. of them had b«.n k ,w Th« 1« ™'" "*""'• ' "'"d 
for their identification card, and i.«.- ? °'"' """ «""=h the dead 
- the thing, we found .7t ,1 ;^tet:!',„""''?r- " "^ -"■- «" 'o 
WUe poclcet-booka with accoum.Ta^ t[ hl^'f' f"' '="*'""" "rd., 
Boe„ handed in ^ittle thing, they found ! 1 f' ^'"'"' "' "» 

P"f "'"■ -"""ey, etc. Some of U.! offic":™ , !?" '" "" '''""-Ka, a 
■.«k. One poor fellow had a r^kri^St'l' r"^'" """'^ "'eir 
we had to cut his name off his shirt air,! . "^^ °' "'"'" """ther, and 
identification. •• '•""^"t and pm it to the locket as a n.ean. of 

ation'o^Spi;„'n;:'''''°"'™'''^^»«-' »-"" .fives tor the evacu- 

Briti*'„;:;,™fte*heSrorcoirnr'"""""''' ■"""p"- °' «■, 

By this lime the Uttle was almost over. The ret,«„ h 

"e retreat, however, had 



onlyiBrt bqtun. So we .gnt^t to rid. oul o«r the plain .cro»the 
lne» on which the troop, were retiring. In the hr dLtance. ne.r the 
Motch ot Kreen In the veldt which nwrkwl the ^rove of tree, ahout tl» 
town, we could m the ((un. of the dewrted batterie. .tandinx 'Jack in 
the Herce .unlixht of noon and beyond thi. the iquut of troop, pourtnx 
out from atnong the houK. of the town. All over the va.t .weep of «in- 
bumed veldt the Kattere.1 troop, of four brigade, of Infantry were 
crawlinK, half-exhau.led. hack to camp. 

Here wai part of a .kirniLh line, wavering a. it crept to the rear 
. "" "" "«" °' "» «""» <"" laBjlnft! here a man lay behind an 
ant hill thinking perhap. in hi. thirrt-dried brain that he .till wa> under 
lire of the Boer., An ofBcer walked wHth painfullv .teady rtep. hi. chin 
.unk in on his neck. The fint man we came to wa. a wldier of the 
Scotch Fuaileer.. He look«l up at n. with half-ahm eyet 
■ You we me > ' wid the man. 

' And you Kc thow five men up ahead > ' 

'We were ewort to one of the guna. The rest are down there in the 
ditch. Laat evening they gave ua a pint of water apiece, and that was 
the last we ever got. An' now I'm goin' up there, an' I'm goin' to say, 
'Give me water,' an' if they don't give it me I'm goin' to shoot 'em.' 

We had had no water ourwlves since dawn, and though we had only 
looked on at the battle we thought we knew what he meant. 

Then we came to more men, who always looked at us with their eyes 

■ Water.' ' they would ask, and we had none, and the men dragged 
on as before. This always with the stifling sunlight pouring down upon 
us from the heat-blurred, whitened sky; and underneath the dry, dead 

Uter we came to another native dwelling, which likewine had been 
turned into an hospital. Coming towards this place we could see a man 
on a horse, who refused to sit straight in the saddle. The man was 
wobbling heavily forward, half down the horse's shoulder, while another 
man walked slowly alongside and tried to keep him held on the honK. 
We rode away from the hospiul only to meet twostretcher-bearers carry- 
ing a man between them. 

' I'm afraid you're too Ute with that man.' said an officer. ' See his 
'p;n eyes staring at the sun.' 

The stretcher-bearers left him to carry some other man who lived. 

These were among the last of the array, so we joined in with the 
struggling throng that was crawling so slowly up the steady rise of the 
veldt. On the bottom of an old water course was an oblong hole half 
filled with a pool of still water as thick as potato soup with mud and 
around this hole the men were kneeling close packed together, eagerly 



' When an thow horaei from ' m uknl the Cm «._ ti 
•l«ping in the open .inM he left th. aunp '^' "' '"'' '^° 

wh..h;:rdt';irr.^i;„^^sr:;;'rH^^^^^^ <" "■'"• 

He wa. unible to .pealt. but u kwh ., he wu Kttled In „ . .1. 
made .iffns that he wanted to write. '° " ""' ■« 

A little memirandum book and a Dsacil wi.r. h.^A.A . ,.■ 

, ^*"" f«°'"8f through the form of weltinit the oencil at -h.. k. 1 

b«n a mouth, he «mply wrote, •■ Did w. ^IT' ^ ^ °"" 

No one had the heart to ti .m the truth. 


do cho ce but to attack them directly in front, and Ihi. be «Twi h T 
determination and with auchpet^atence that he won a vtfo^ 

;:««e^'hif:Scr- '" "« -- '- --tne c^i 


..e iari^aCo™nrrrfrr«eryutt''or ""'l"' 


At Modder river on the morning after the battle, at daybreak, burial 

44 roi TR> rtAo 

I«Um WW •«! out by tht Brilkh. Tli.y «.n mrt by lb. Bom. «bo 

M~.!l'"rr ■^"* •*""■" "*^ "^^ *'""•■" Moon, .IncriMnc Ibt 
ModdT Rlw b.ttl,. ■• 8»«y mlnul, you could hmr «>me poor «3dl«?I 
^f« bdp^wbll. «. ou., b«. . k™, ™„y Uy d«d .STdylng .it 

SSTto ™. i lu "'' ' """* 0«d U-1 1 ". .p.«d to writ. Ihl. 
S^«?i^„.*f^ •*'""""-" to o„.»Hhe„b.. d„.h «uld 

Kl JTZU'!?^,"' '!'" *^ I*^"""! l-y th. Dwbyrfil™. .t th. 
R^tam of tb« explodn. undnr« th. w>won bridg. which h«l bm. 

b. o.,.^;i? f^- f """dlw G««l. -y : "Oh, ito «tr. to 

.^m "'• thai you le. mrybody preying. Th. biggwt 

of vil Han. com. to it wh.n th.y «. th. «« «gbt Ling poor fc^ 
Aot « your fMt, if. th« th. thought, com. Into your h^tT^ 

A Youthful Patriot 

p ''S'f'"!,'*°".'^''' '*»9'*°"" M.rkrt 8,u«,, 
F«. SUt., for rrfuring to fight <«.!„« hi. own countrym™, John 
McUchUn ag.d 30 ytm, .Idat «>n of John McUchhui, of W.nd.worth 
fonn.rlyof Lunbrtb." — —wurui, 

Th.y nurchnl him along 'mid th. wondning throng ; 

Oh I h. carried hi. brad full high ; 
And proudly h. walked, for he de«n.d it no crime 

For th. uk. of hi. country to di.. 
H. bad Mid that hi. hand, hi. bonot right hand, 

Should Btvtr yield Krvice to wrong ; 
For h. came of a Und whne no traitor may ttarir., 

Whn» the pillara of frradom rtand Mrong. 

They halted ; th.y .tood bim In mid.t of tb. crowd, 

Neatb th. gUire of a withering sun ; 
Vet he flinched not, but straightened a. warrior might 

Who know, his last battle is won. 

On. volley I and coward, have finished their work, 

InjuMice hath honoured its name ; 
A .pirit hath wared from the triumphs of wrong, 

And valour is richer in fame. 

ro« THE n..«.o 4j 

Ym, ht WM bat OIK— Oh ! Uu thooMndt IimIiI* 

Who ban •tniiJKled ud raflerad and dltd : 
A» th* •word of tht tyrant dripped red with th< blood 

Which tht >ltu a( frMdom nipplled. 

Mm dia for a caUH, yet the principle llvei, 

For, u nl(hl-ihade doth brixhten to day, 
Sotheaftermith. riainx from darknew of doom. 

Shall glow in Ita glory for aye. 

. h..'![J"il'!.""°" "'"'* °' "••U' : •• I wa. firing from behind 

ZISl^- J'"'"'""- '»">'""/. -Jodxing from bu,h to bn.h, 

Si A Bwl w".T °' "" ■"'*' **""• ■"'"« "' "• «•« '■"■ind a 
, ;_. . l^ V" "'" ""' '^ '» '•••"Kk. One of ourofflcera 
crawW to him and bandaged him up, He crept back again, wC ta 
-a. ahot in both h«,d. ; he got up and ran, and i.. .hot ifthi U»" 


. o:IlT>.°"'^ "" "*"'' '"""'••"•l Kf of bravery diaplayed bv our men 
bSouthAfric. that of Private Pitrmaurice, of the Gran«ll.r Gu.^ 

Crabbe. «m,m.„dtog the Orenadiera. bec«n. drt«:hed from hi. ragi- 

ZL^wZT "iL"'™'"''*^'^^'* ^-f W- Colons', 
danger. Fitnnaurice ruahed to hi. aniatance. He ahot two Boeri 
Uy^rted a third, and amidrt the firing carted Colonel Crabbe toX 

ttlgh, and lhe« were the wounda he de«rib.d a. Kralche, when writing 

mlZ P? ^" ' "':^'"^'"- H' •" -" 'bou, again, and raco^* 

ant Grenadien who volunteered from Wind«r to ]oiu the 3rd Batulion. 


ta H^'.h*?^r'°°,"il"" Boera were » moved by th, heroic indifference 
to d«th duplayed by a p.rty of two olScera and twelve private, who 
charged up to the very muiale, of their opponent^ that cling their 
weapon. «ide, they rurfied in an overwhelming number upon thet 

Th«i. when they had been dimrmed, the Boer commandant «id 

wi^r;ou^in«. '™ '" '"' ""' "' ""' °°' "^" "« "-'" y- - 


«rv.ftITr''Vi" *' '"="'='"' " Magerafontein he «id to hi, 
behmd »me rack, until twelve hour, later.when all the firing had ceued 


ventured out of his hole. Hewwat once captured lij- the Boeni. but 
when he told them the storj- they bade him go and fulfil Wauchope's 
dying wish, 


An orderly was bringing some water to a wounded man lying on the 
grxjund. He was shot through the abdomen, and he could hardly speak 
owing to thedrynessofhismoulh, but he said, "Take it to mv pal firat ; 
he is worse hit than me. " 

This generous Ud died next morning, but his frieud got through and 
is doing well. 

An article of faith with the soldier, it seems, takes the form of a grim 
stoicism under pain. 

Thus one enormous Irishman, with a shattered thigh, yelled out in 
agony as he was being lifted upon the operatiuj; table to be examined. 

The pain was evidently terrible, and excuse enough for any degree of 
exclamation. But he apologized quaintly and profusely for the noise he 
had made, urging as an excuse that •• he had never been in an hospital 


Sir Redvers Buller had left the position he had appointed for himself 
at the naval battery— the situation on the right (where the guns lay 
useless) was too serious for a man of Bnller-s spirit to stay there now— 
and had ridden off towards the guns with all his staff and the escort of 
the Natal Police. He was down among the naval twelve-pounders 
behind Long's guns now. The Boers had perhaps recognised the staff ; 
the whistling in the airtrebled. • You oughtn't to be here, sir,' gasped 
Ogilvy, ' I am all right, my boy, said thjgeaeral." 

The capital of the Orange Free State is a fine, modem city ; with 
all the improvements special to the times. 

The Government offices, the College for boys and the Institute for 
Ladies, along with the Public Library, the Natural History Museum, 
etc., are handsome and substantial structures, while many elegant 
private dwellings lend ornament to the general appearance of the 
cleanly, wide-streeted city, which can also boast the possession of several 
well laid-out public parks. 


The famous city of Johannesburg is at once both the largest and, 
previous to the outbreak of the war, contained the greatest population 
of any city in South Africa. It is situated on the southern slope of the 
Witwatersrand range of mountains, from the summit of which it is only 
a couple of miles. It is one thousand and fourteen miles distant 
from Cape Town, four hundred and eighty-three from Durban, 



three tmndred „nd ninety.«x from MnRon Bay. and thirtv-two miles 
from Pretonn. It may he imagined the city is well atxive "the level of 
the Ka. Its elevation heing five thousand six hundred and eiRhtv-nine 
fe*t. lU altitude is greater than that of any other to«-n in South 
Afriea. Out of a population of over a hundred thousand that 
JohannesV-rg poswssed previons to the outbreak of the war over fifty 
Ihonsand were whites, sixty-seven per cent, of whom were of British 
ftem"' '^'"^ "'""' "'" "'°'"°"'' Transvaal citizens amongst 

The growth of Johannesburg has t«n something marvelous and 
forms a record m the history of the cities of the world. Other cities 

Z ^v!- "Tu" '""''^^'' '"" '"»• ""« "^ '""t can show s.,ch 
substantiality as Johannesburg, with its palatial hotels and stately busi. 
ness blocks, its h,nd.some public buildings and its suburbs with its 
comfortable villas and pretty gardens. 

Fourteen years ago to^ay Johannesburg was not. One year ago it 
was full of commercial life, its streets were full of people, business ac- 
tivity was rampant, and all its industries, especially the chief of all the 
r'"!!lJ"? '" "P^"""- P"' n«>"ths past it has been a silent and 

d«»rted Mty in compan»,n, its trade dead and its st,«ts empty save for 
a few ni, ves and • Zarps. ■ or Transvaal Police, merely living in the city 
to prevent incendiansm and di»,rder. It is now likely, however, that with 
the advent of the British army Johannesburg will in a brief space of time 
become itself again. Johannesburg dates from September. ,886. when a 
few straggling shanties began to rise along the line of gold reefs now 
fomiing the Wemmer and Ferreira companies' gmund. The existence 
of the reef at this point was not then known, but on its discovery 

fX r" r" 'f ."■ '" '™"' '"°"' ™'°'"' locality, and in December. 
1886. the nucleus of the present city was laid ont. The land around was 
prenonaly considered of so little value that not long ago farms had 
changed hands for the value of a team of oxen. In January ,^5 two 
sUndsin Commis^oner street sold for forty-two thousand pounls, and 
one on Pntchard street at forty thousand pounds. All around the undu- 
tating country 1, dotted m all directions with battery houses and other 
bmldings connected with the working of the mines 

h„„J^""°ir' ""l^u °' '"' J'>'"'""^»''>"K mines has reached over a 
hundred million dollars The general consensus of opinion of the 

TrllLrT"""/ '■^^°^""' >■="" f"'-"" «he expectations of 
ncreased vane of ore with increased depth of worki.;g, and so far as 

nn'oundS. °"° '""'"' ™' "^ '™^'^' '"" '"""^^^'^ "" -« 

othef'^n «'n ^^""■""'"r^"'' "K*"-. 'h^re are in the Transvaal many 
other gold fields, such as the Venterskroom, the De Kaap, the SteynsW 
and the Sontpauslierg. the latter of enormous area »«>n»'lo"T> 

.,A V" f" r' "*" ""'"''' ""' ^° »"» "< ''" «!'""<' ■""« of roads 
and streets. In the course of the last few years maiy outlying suZS 




have been creuled for the benefit of those winhinj} to live n little way 
from the town. The streets are regularly laid out and several open 
squares exist, among which is the Market Square, which is the largest in 
South Africa. In the buildings the city is particularly rich considering its 
youth. They include the public offices, the Stock Exchange, the market 
buildings, the public library ; the hospital and a number of churches and 
theatres, beside several fine hotels and business houses. St. Mary's 
Anglican Church is the largest in the city, but a still larger one, to meet 
increasing need, was about to be built. The city is wsU provided with 
public parks, including Kruger's Park, Jouhert's Park, the Hospital 
Gardens and other breathing spaces. The transportation facilities ait 
verj- good, including several lines of street cars and the railway that runs 
through to Pretoria, to the north and to Cape Town on the south. The 
lighting system, lioth gas and electric, is good, but the water supply is 
poor both in quantity and quality, besides being very dear. The 
scarcity of water is owing mainly to the undermining of the earth or the 
mining industries, but it is expected that in future measures will be Uken 
to successfully cope with the diliiculty of obtaining a copious supply of 
pure fresh water. 

The sanitary condition of Johannesburg is a horror ; ita streets are 
foul and unpaved, and, as very few of the Boers live in the metropolis, 
the typhoid epidemics that frequently devasUte Johannesburg are com- 
placently ignored by the Government. Anything that thins out the 
Uitlander population is hailed by the Boere as a friendly interposition of 
Providence in behalf of the Transvaal. The water supply is inadequate, 
and what there is is contaminated. A petition signed by 30,000 residents 
of Johannesburg praying for municipal improvements was presented 
to Oom Paul during my residence there. The President sipped his coffee, 
puffed Us great pipe, spat excessively into a huge porcelain dish, and 
laughed immoderately. " If the Philistines do not like the land of my 
people, let them depart in peace, " was his only reply. 
On a map the city seems easy of approach by any army, hut such is 
not the case. On three sides the mountains rise from one to Iwo 
thousand feet above the streets of the city, which is itself 4,500 feet above 
sea level. On the fourth side the south, facing Johannesburg, the rang.; 
flattens away to a vast level plateau exposed at every point to the sweep 
of any guns that may command it. The city is 1,080 miles from Cipe 
Town, and about 50 miles from Johannesburg. 

Seven mo.lem forts command the approaches to the town and it 
would take at least twenty thousand men to properly defend it. The civil 
engineers who built the railroad from Johannesburg to Pretoria found 
such problems of grade and mountain misUnce offered them that the 
train was finally forced to enter the city on a line resembling the curves 
and twists of a giant boa constrictor. 

You look at the mounUin fronts as your train struggles to find its 



^^r fl r • "'' ''"" "' """'■"--' •""-•"" " 'he domes of iK-ml 
proof n«e =„d cannon pita. They command the few, and very few 
narrow entrances to Pretoria. , an., ^er5 lew. 

loh.™'''. """T,.'' '"^ "'"™'' "■ """"" "^^-I^" ^n-i 'he railroad to 
Joh^nesbur^ They face the north of Winderl»omandKuard thT.m" 
of Beersheha, Hebron and Polonia. The* two formidablf fortificaUon 
were b,„,t by ,h, best n,en and engineer, obtained in Berlin orhe^fron 
• deC;,"'' '"■'"' '"'"'' °"" ""'"" •="«*"«" -"«'"■'-■'«' other ofZ 


Tnv iid"; """ *°' ■"• '"=" '™""'" -™y -nightstrike. There .re 

rpii-srirj^ir:^; -— w^ir- - 

would know more of these forts, but it is impossible to fiml out IZ 
^<k questions but they are not answered. None seems to know ;he in 
ward mechanisms, nor how the batteries are placed. A'l say iha o™ 
Paul can tell, Imtno. even an inquisitive American would ■Tk'^h m VV^h " 
he forts were budding workmen employed in one part we^enTal owed 
theTork" "" r t"'""" ""•' •»"«' "' ^" 'he entrances. DeSo 

offlceT irhasf"" T,"' ""' ""^ ■'™""' "»■' 'he comnunl; 
othcers. It has teen said that British spies have gained entrance Ii^ 
said that enough food has been accumulated withrth7fo^ and the H, 

t'BT:::^"-^ '""""''"" •"" -^ ■"■■>• '-'■' --.o? i" i^^ 

hL^^h ammunition supply i, estimate,! for three years 

Pretoria is m many respects the most agreeable of all S™tl, if ■ 
comfort, of hamionious development. At Pretoria on ih- ™„, 



of the city, costing much to keep theni in repair. But this is a good fault 
and will abound to the benefit of the city in the future. 


" H« reacbad Iimm aato and wall. Miwitlnt tala aotka.- had d:«d of a alatj." 
Oh ! war hath its ahadowa as well aa Ita ahinea, 

And sorrows abound in its train ; 
The pean of triumph floats out o'er the wail 

Of sadness, bereavement ami pain. 

She heard not the music, she saw not the flags 
As they streamed on the calm summer air; 

Her eyes with her heart were In far away clime, 
For ihe loved of his lifetime was there. 

She saw him, her hero, stand forth in first rank 

'Mid the hosts of the youthful and brave. 
She saw him, the target of death-dealing guns, 

Lie tombed in a warrior's grave. 

She faded and died 'neath her harrowing thoughts, 

' Neath the picture her fancy had drawn ; 
Ne'er looking through darkness of withering night 

For the rays of a bright after dawn. 

Ah ! what of the hearts which have sorrowed for those, 

For whose coming the longing was vain ; 
Those lights of the homestead, those hopes of the hearth 

Who will ne'er cross the threshold again. 

Oh Thou ! Who wert human. Who tasted of woe, 

Give comfort, if sparing of Joy ; 
Since many a mother throughout this broad land 

Is heart lonely for loss of her boy. 


When we come to making the terms of settlement with these inhuman 
Boers, every woman in England must remember why her sisters in Kim- 
berly were in more danger from shells than their husbands. It was 
because the Boers purposely shelled the houses knowing that only women 
and children were in them. 

Different women behaved differently. 'As a rule, we think they 
showed more pluck than the men,' a leadirr- citizen said to me. 

Two women were sitting on different stoops on different days. In 
each case a shell fell nearby and exploded in the street. One— an 
English woman — looked on rather amused than otherwise, and went out 
^nd gathered the pieces to give away as mementos. The other — a Dutch 
^^^-anan — died of fright. 



Two Kaffir womra were waiving in the main >treet aide by aide A 
thell came, killed one and did not touch her companion 

Dr. Ashe tellaof a lady who walked or rode out with her huaband 
ever,- day, ahell. or no .hells. Plenty suffered dreadful deaths. Plenty 
enjoyed amnangly narrow CKapes, mainly while at their daily work in 
their homes One younx lady hid in a shell-proof pit until it was time 
to dre«i for dinner and then went to her room and was killed That is 
precisely how death came to George Ubram, the mechanical wizard 

whfr llL^ ^" '°' "" "•*"• *"°"'" *«" W ■""1"= bed on 
which a babe was sleeping, but it did not explode. 

A lady was lying down full dressed on her bed resting after dinner 
A man came in to say that he foun.l a man with firewood (which was 
TLr !r '. '"^°Z""f •"««•■> «-» '<"• > io,A. The lady turned over 
on her side to get her hand in the pocket at the back of her dress, and 
just as «he rolled away from the side of the bed a hundred pound shell 
^me and .xired its way through the bed in exactly the same^ace where 
she had lieen l5-i„g. It went through the bed and the floor and into the 

S^'estd" u '^'"';" ""''°'" "P"^'"''' •"" ■' ™""1 »»« <=«' ker to 
pieces h«i she been dressed as men are clad and b«;n able to put her 
hand down at her side and Uke her purse out of a pocket there 

their LT™."' rr^ "f" "°™' "" '""'"" »•■""»« '"'y «'». '"""I 
Mun-r?r 1 "".^"''■"K point when the Boera brought the hundred- 
^nnder to play on «,elr homes. That was when, as if by common con- 
sul, the servant girls used to dive under the beds whenever the alarm 
was sounded to announce the coming of a big one 

invitlU «n T" ^ '°* ^l" '""''*' "" '"■" -' "«= "'«<= "h™ M'- Rhodes 

becoimng the familiar haunt and rendezvous of a populace Their 
hough., on finding themselves walled in with rockTwho^ ,„l„u 
could purchase principalities and stir the longing of queens- « and 
the emotions of a thousand fair women of mo« mod«t moW , ,^ aro 
of common clay, and yet love diamonds fully as fondlv arl Z 
complex, too intense, too tremedous for handling here. But,';prfrlm 

eartV^nT ■ "■=« s™-encrusted caverns hollowed deep in the 
earth s interior, came fifteen women and children; to another came a 

wiZu" tread^ " "r "-''-<>"»--«. " — i impossfbUt^tov 
^sLshlritn", '^'"""\*"''- ''"^' ^«''' MaVitets and mat! 
treses had been lowered into the depths, and those who lived in the« 

share the »fety of the babes and women, but such w.^ the silent .^memp" 


they inspired that they presently fled to tile upper air, and none of their 
kind took their d ..stable places. 

Many women worked in all the ways that charity, hunianity and 
lienevolence suugested. and those who formed an organized corps dis- 
tributed the tew delicacies obtainable, and especially the tinned milk, 
which was most precious, taking care that it went only to the nursing 
mothers, the biljes and the v.ounded. 


From Modder River, from Kensburg and from DeAar the cavalry, 
r.lounte<l infantry and horae artillery, came in long lines concentrating 
at Gras Pan and Honeynest Kloof, On Monday the march began. Ram- 
d mi, eight miles to the Eoutheast, was soon pa sed. and a sharp skirmish 
secured Devils Drift on the Riet. After a I alt of a day the column 
march«l on. At Klip Drift tlie cavalry division halted at night. The 
breathless haste of a dasli through the enemy's country, carried out with 
a rapidity probably without a parallel, had left its mark on the horaes, 
and the transport was hopelessly in the rear. 

On the 15th, at 10 o'clovk, the critical advance was made, and the 
shelling and capture of two laagers a few miles out of Klip Drift on the 
northern side of the river, cleared the way for the junction of the forces 
encamped on the M^idder. «orae five mile.i east of tliB border fence. This 
iKxly was composed of Kitchener's and Roberts' Horse and two more 
regiments of mounted infantry. Before they entered the great plain of 
Alexandersfontein the contingent from Modder River, the Scots Greys, 
Household Cavalry and two Lancer regiments joined the force, which 
now numbered some 10.000 men, seven batteries of horse artillery and 
three field batteries. Tueir entry into the plain was the signal for the 
great event of the djy, The plain is perhaps three miles in width and 
five in length, converging slightly to the north and fringed with kopjes. 
The kopjes on either sides were held by the Boers who poured bullets 
aid shells into the advancing mass, almost hidden by the curtain of dust 
that rose from under the hoofs of the horses. These were quickly cleared 
of their occupants by the impetuous rush of the mountetl infantry. Lieut- 
enant Sweet Escott, of the 16th Lancers, was the first officer to fall, shot 
dead at 50 yards by a Boer, who received a lance through his throat 
almost before he could produce the inevitable cry for mercy. Kopje after 
kopje was cleared, and the Boers were driven from them right and left, 
as the column crashed forward like some great ploughsliare, thrusting 
aside the enemy on either side, helpless to withstand this tremendous 
charge and almost powerless to harm it. A barbed rider fence stretching 
across the plain checked the advance for a moment, and the halt enabled 
the Boers to withdraw their guns. It was no time for a flank movement 
to capture them. 

At Bevillier's Farm at the northern end of the plain, the column 
halted, * and reformed in column after watering the horses. They had 



come t™ miles and broken the nnx around the lieaieKed town The pace 
at which the advance had t)etn made had both minimized the casualities 
and prevented Cronje from appearing «Mi 10,000 men to line the Icopje. 
on tlie plain. Tlie latter realized that he was defeated, and acted with his 
usual Kigacity. By the evening of this same dav not a man was left on 
the hills on the ridges that had been the camping ground so long. 

Meanwhile the cavalry pushed on. From Bevillicr's I'arm the coun- 
try resembled some great English park, studded with single trees and 
undulating under the long sunburnt grass, through which the guns 
ploughe.1 long tracks in the crumbling red soil. Here the pace liegan to 
till, and horse after horse that had struggled on so far fell dead from 
fo ne wound unioriced in the fight. 

There was no time to pause, and at a point some three miles further 
the first sight of Kimlierly burst upon the column through !he fringe of 
the tree.. The Boers on the north of the town were firing their shots 
from their great gun, but they soon stopped, and General French entered 
the town, which in a moment put out ita flags and decorations The panic 
that had lieen caused by the continuous bursting of the huge shells over 
every part of the Iwsieged town vanished, and from the 1200 fool lev. 1 o* 
the diamond mines thousands of women and children emerged into the 
light of day. 

The •• Daily Chronicle's" correspondent, under date of March it 
draws a pitiful picture of conditions in this corner of Northern Natal 
tie wntea: — 

"One hardly knows whether to call Ladysmith a cemetery, ahospital 
or a slaughter house. It is tnie a thousand dead would well cover the 
fatal losses of the siege, and of these five hundred and twenty-two died of 
disease. Why, enteric fever alone cost us three hundred and eighty-two 
li«s, and dysentery one hundred and nine, while of wounds only eighty 
died, not counting those three or four hund.«l whom death found 

cro H^i'Tm'^:.'""" ■"" ""''"^' " '""• '"■■' '"' hospitals are 
crowded sUll. Prom Intombi, certainly, the victimsof a feverish ground 
sodden with disease are being quickly drafted down to the sea ; all but 
those whose shattered bones would break again at moving. But the new 
hospital ,n the tin camp is filled already, and we are actually sending 
the sick to the front, instead oi the rear, for want of room. E itenTri es 
us no rest. Friend after friend of the old garrison falls at my side Tnd 
now It has attacked the new garrison, too. In one brigade fifh- are down 
m another sixty-four. There seems no end of it, though the • t^U usT; 
touch of frost next month may do u., good, and the other morning I saw 
the precipices of the Drakensberg once more outlined by thin ledges of 

follow. We were so reduced in strength that the improved diet does us 
hann rather than good. The men eat and drink, b,u fade aw-ivV" 
need to speak of the smell of death that hangs over all the town and the 



■-Kin the river, where wa.hel-the midl of ground putrid wlllw 

hinK. MTOuld not n„„er mucV «.ere o.e not haant3-l by ^"^'r .,' T. 
I rule around the familiar fortilicition-. «> lately full of m™ „~l 

hen, ,>o»1y falling to piece,, wl.ile the trench^U «lli Hp ^^ Z 
ramy weather « seem, a.if at every rtep my ho™e kicked uptSeCe, of 
»mefnendthati,KO„e. H.-re it wa, th,t Av ,, the fe.rl^i and™ yen- 

Iml f 11 .J'T^ V. '^''!"' ""' "" '"""y <■" ">at terrilJe Januan-6th 
and fell with a tiny hole in hi, forel.eid and a Kap at the lack of W?h«d 
a, b,K0.a baby, ,«,.. „,„ nick Cuny^ham^, [„.. ^T^,;' ^^'^, 

tTe Wh?,"™" V" ""^"^ '"" "' ''" "= «• ■>' •■'■ f^rlona^to" 
the ManchMtemon CcMr', Camp, when a tallct from a mile away W 
dipped into hi, liver. Here yc- „,. Di,.,y,,on« tried to t«at S th^ 
Boer on,la„Kht with the butt end of a revolver till he died. And ,h« 
a^i»manymor^menof all rank, and condition,. On almorteve^ 
-. there ..t. a ghoat who nod, bin head and ,peak, quirtly to me all 


Theaun beat, down with pitiless persirtency on ml«ry of the 

when, m common with every people in Christendom, we are ,inKi„,, 
__^Glory to God .„ the hi.he.,, and on earth peace, goodwill S 

. 1 K°".",'''?.' »"■'"'<=« °f Chri«:n,rtide, that io,oo, Britons have 
celebrated wuhin the memory of living mau. A brilli, nt, cTondleL sky 
supphe, the high lighu of a picture of death, of bl.K>d,-.ed of pri^tion 

Of c™™" '"T"','" ° '"»• <" -peakable ruin and dLu o"! 

Of course, we haven't a monopoly of misery. I know that In 

«:uL\nd"m '" ^""T"; "'"' "" "'«■■" « ""-t^ wi h awfl" 
re. sm.andm,,nyare the thou^-ht, which turn to the little mound, of 
eanh m our midst where »me poor fellow rest, who will ne«ratrn 
meet tho,e whom he ht:.l dearest. ^ 

i, . w "'hi " r ? " ";'""'P°'J- of ™«ry. All that we can lay claim to 
Z '^f ','"•"''= "Kht which proximity cast, upon suffering,, ind wtat 
wouldn't we give now for the gloomy diys and the dull .iie, that a^ 
aisDciated with an English Chri,lmastide ! 

The mocking sunshine, the glorious brightness of the heavens 
simply ,«foo, the i^eason and Ulie the grief that is around u, wrha" 
no long nigh . Every day reaches us early and leaves us late W h 
me g„y streak of dawn in the eastern sky, when the fir.t bird chirks a 

Srrenne:^b"'''"T;r"'' "'^°' "•= distant gun ana the cnLTof 
the shell near by : and then, with the western sky bathed in rich purple, 
wienthMastUrd twitter, it^lfand it, mate to ,leep. comes again the 
report of the distant ^un ,nd the era.!, of the shell u Jr W 



ninatncd n the town of flMot-.l™ i." . . *"" '"'« 

And .. , .topped insid. th. d "r of ,ht. tImoW 1°'''^"'""«- 
voice, filled the tin, church : "^ •*"" ° "°"'"'' "' 

"Give peace, O God, give peace again." 

congregation in „„i«>„, .ti our ZX^-ent li^Jond'th^b tv" '".' 

awe-givingcTzui^^^- „, r;™:^'u;;.H'^v:'^"''''"' •'■' 

will never cea« to haunt ol!l° T.J t™"'""' "'^ »W<^'> 

death^ea.inrTn^°„LTf m^r^ 1'^:^ ""R.::","r"l"' "« 

"Give peace, O God, give peace again." 

==i";as.-r -"- -~ » ■»"«.; --.s'i 

y vol TMK riAU 

who '<n»iR«l In the hniq^l town. Th«. wm choking vol™. »h«. 
the churchnntMhon) with Ihepnyer: >»™ wnra 

" Give pnn.O God, Kiv« pi««aKiin." 

Noho,ly w.ntc.1 toMtchhl. Wlow-worrtlpp.,. .y,., f„Hng thia 
hi. own we« t«r^ln,mri, .„d ,h,, ,^„ „.. „pon hi. lip.. So ,h«, 

d.^l«I hy ,h. brUlUnt .unAInc, th.y g.„d over d.v..ut.d orch»»I. 
•nd garden, to the plain wh.« cattle «.,ve.l and vnltu«.7S 
around the halMmrie.1 bodie. of horn, and oxen 

IntJ^nt,".;" II" '°°' °' '^ Mbnlwana, lay the white flag camp o( 
IntombI He« war', dread hnnd-nmiden IM«a« wa. reaping 
fh^^l^ . ? 'T*'" °' "■eChri.tma.tide that wa. to he for 
the hundred, who tay there between IKe and death (their cemetery 

hack to health and itiength. 

And we thought of the emotion of tho«. who. knowing . relative or 
afnend wa.dylng were forbidden by the enemy, regulation, to leave 
he de»late town for a few hour, to vidt thi. neutral .pot and «y a la.t 
farewell And we thought that war wa. horrible-ih.. iu mi«ri« 
overwhelmed it. gloric-and with quiet, eameat, •■ Amen " .ub«riW 
to the fervent prayer : •-■"tnuea 

" Give peace, O God, give peace again." 


During the day the Boer, maintained a bri.k artillerj- fire from 
long range and automatic gun., but the Britlih lome, wei* .ij^ht 

rid.'^'Jh'"^!?"""*'^'!'"';'^"' »">•"' """K the muin or eaatem 
ti ^!f«" ™-«"«'«'yoP«>«i a terrific fire which wa. heard 
™tUing above the londe.t anillery from a s,«,e »ngar on the top S 
the hill and a croM fire from the mirronnding heights 

In -pit' of the «ore. ofritell, bur.ting about the the trenche. 
hnrhng tock., bullet, and .pllnter. in the faces of the defender, th^ 
Dutch «ood the fire, an their head., .lonch-hatted, plaln^^aiht 
against the sky maintaining their terrible fire. And when the.upreme 
moment arrived «veral ir, their reckle« excitement sprang on the^of 
the wall, waving their rifle, and firing furioudy. 

, But if the defence wa. magnificent, the attack was superb ThL- 
Inniskilhng. climbed steadily up the hill to within five hundred yard, of 
the .ummit without much loss. Then the leading companies chafed 
running swiftly onwaid acros. the rocky .lope, between a few small 
trees while the whole ground wa. .tirred and spurtcl with bu«eta 
sinking ground. "Miieia 

The attack was spent. Then away the support, advanced to 
sustam It, bat only to .hare iu fate. In spite of the gallantry and 
devotion, after repeated attempts, the heroic Irish soldieiS, havin. C 
very heavily in officer, and men, recognized that they could not prevail 



Sh«T> fiKhting took place in ih. /r, ^^ 
v.ry....v^. A. .U.rk„J,°"^ ;"*""""-". and ,a. n,„.ke,rv grew 

ConfBMl, clow fiKhtiniof . « J. * " ^""•'' »""m the ri.-,- 

^B«r..„ff.^p ""'^^e™ «vere, but it f. certar„ 

Bo.™ Kv„.l tin.... ^- ^"» »""»h troop. clo«»l HithTh" 

Sixteen men of VVnrti.. ■ 
...o«d Wood on .heirt^n:,?""^'" '»"""'" "" "«': ... r«„vi.t. 

UdlT. ... ' "« pip*" ■•' the^nL *°'™"' 


-- be,, an, ,,, ,^, ;;;"'■ -utua, unde«u„di„, th.t 'eih\'° ,1^ 


lW.e of Udyanith, I u,a„k v„, 



ran th« fiao 

I! li 

It wM a mtmonblt Kenc. 


■ULLBR'I Mrs. 
Beneath Ihe fitr« ray. of the lun, 

WaUt-<leep in watery flood 
In nnknoj,^ p„,h,, .hrou^h tangled Krowth., 

» here hidden foemen wood. 
They Imwly p„,he,I their Kallant path 

Through .wamp. o'er hill and lea, 
Till o'er the manna of battle rang 

The ahoutA of victory. 
Britannia, to her truity lona. 
In lending wonla of cheer. 
With great, full heart of mother-love 

Doth drop a mother'a tear. 
With mingled pride and aorrowing 

L'pon her silent hrave, 
Who rest within their patriot .hrt>ud. 
In glor} 's honoureil grave. 


aulTering, had been terrible T;.!" '" " """'" >» Their 

^.r, ."^otai !»^u.iro;r8.«^'':r .:xtvxr" "" ^''' 

u,ooo Iroope. civilian, n-H . ." • "" ^°" armies— 

riclnesa^mi^ Wth. t'' T-"' ""^ '"^ '""■"» "^'V^ 
been inmate, of t^rhoapl, 21^ t"- ^'°°° ""' "' "'™°" «"" 
and the stress of the sSTnd uZ T^ ^"' '^"''^' "« """ ""l 
once down with ^ckuXTslrT^r^Tr '""""' *^'" ■■ ■"■"■ 
there were ,,«« death, from dtaselZe^* i^'l^o:^::. "' ^'"'■ 
U. mg on rcduc„l rations, IcUling the cavalry and artlS^' |,o„„ to 

lit I 

m«ke UiHr Unli into mu-i,,, .h.i. .,. . W 

into (nfamry .„j ,,„ nu.n ihr "„' h '"™''>'""*~"v,rt«l 

• «k. no. . A„, »„ „ .*•«•" "fool w« K.r„. ,„d ,„, 

held oiit for ,1, ».^ « hite I.IU i|,., h ,,_ ... ""n> 

rclinluK force prrvem 
No tbotiKht of »! 

who dill not know 
nor hov awful th. u 
formany wrekit'.ii,^.. r 
realiae of what it 

' "ajful 

Littli ■• perxir 

11 -.-net 

■1, : 

'y *-.H, f. 


• i"i-*iiiiv iiavv 

the linielj- arrival of the 

' nerewiity. 

IndulKed. The politic, 

« were the conrtltiona. 

-■xpcctwl monientaril.v 



''""'7 «» """"w of ,h. „c,„a, 


pmation. which i ..i.,,,,,,,,, ,, , - --....„, o, ,«, „«,„, 

.r^r" ""•"•"'" '••«■•> '..r. '"^'-""•'rible month,, 

the b«rieged have been Uv^,,,, n^;,,;^ '' endurance and d«wion of 

On Oct ijth n, '" ' ' •'*''rkiMi. 

^«.Wd, world, and, advanciT/trr " T "'*'•" "" "^ ""'I 
bo»U.rdn.«,t of ,he town on Z ° whi^'T """"■"««' • heavy 
After four hour, firing, which kmed ™' , ^''°""■" ^ lneff«:tual 
commanded the Boe™ .e„l . „lL ''•*• *^°""»»"'<«nt Cronje who 

^""^''° "'™ "■«'« hl.SZ?'?"^™""'""'' "" •"-"^«' of 
Baden-Powell fart .,ie,p, Wh« h. .. v^ """"ger found Colonel 
Innch.and «„, hi„ .J^^ "ij!" ^J '"f' *' invited the me««nK.r to 
wh« he had enouKh.. "" "" "?'>• """ "« ' would let him k„o ° 

Unntr;j??.rerttrhtSr:„'l*'rf,""''' «=-—- C-nJe.. «,„ 
do it him«Mf. on Octol«r ,, "^"" »''f'kinx, and undertook , 

Kopje and there w^^^'u .rn^^lt'ed"':'' '"* *" '^" -K»"n« C^nto: 
hour* „,th heavy .hell and m7T" t^:'^"" «'"'^'' I-'"! for five 
hea,;ylo«;y„„„gC™njereceiv«u;„„!S%'^"' *'"' -i""" '"ck with 
.Then commenced a «;ri^ JL™ "' ''^""' ''''""l «"" after 

•ortie. l.y ,|„ defender, a^d defne^rT"' "•"■"• "" '^«>" of Kal Int 
•he Boer. „uri„« ,he re" o X"mc' 1?^," ',"■*'"« ' '"e 'own ," 
more or l,« effect, the artill.rv V^.^n '"'"''»"''"■'"' eo-tinued with 
•dvanced nearer to the town On v'' """" "ecution a. ,he Boet, 
'0 -duce ,h. »tion. of the^rri^," tH*'- I' '' "^ "»'"■' "-e»^ 
Kreat e«,tion, to force the CTl ^ ""'"'■• however, managed Uy 
On Decen,her ^ occurJonf^rthrhil:^"' ""'' """' ""'-ced ^ ' 
un.ucce»ful attack bein„ 1,? "•"''°«''ea cpiso,lesof the .iev^"' 
Hi». The British ati^rS^th-Tt",' '^ '-'"™ " G-^« 
length reluctantly given. "' ""'' •*« <"^er to retire wa. at 

'""'"™°"-''"— —-.on and were 


mw THK FLAll 

iiie Boers celehrntnri tu v. 

Hundredth day of the sieire 11,,. ^IJ ">v'*ln. On Feb 2 11,: 

"pre^sinK .heir !„,., devSo"" '^™™ -"' » "-aKe .0 the ^^n 

J2^. r? H^th rdtaie"t:r;^-v-' -'-- - —«. .o 

a^l was going, ell and that the ™r^°'°" '"-""'^well r^portriC 

da,, previously, reached V^burg ii^e ^ fot °T ?' '•"''''• *'"'■ '-o 

At last, on Friday, after «e.^ l- "'"'"' ^stant. 

he official Boera„n.,„„cen,e„" h^r« '"^f: '"' ^"■P-"= ""rd with joy 

»*■«« possession. ■""• " ^ntish force from the south 

Mafeking is a small place It, f.n 

north, saw the few weeks for whi,.!. l. . 

months of isolation. Xe™?;. ," eIIL'h T'"* "' "^'^ ""'' P°« "■"' 
thrill ,h« can.= to her when CoS B H T' "" "'PP^'' "'P^'^ 
c»n. ,« ,.,k.„ ,, ,i„i„^ down .„^d t^k " atT.""°7 ' "''^ " *'"'"""« 
ment which the nation wonid I,a« .r^f ■ ^here » no advance- 



was accompanied l,y the Mdv Ma4rt „ ".."T' /";' ''""'"■™' 
House, where. .in.T.enseportrairofCoT^.o'l"' '""' ■>' "■« Mansion 

.4''^:rd^;:;r :LTarr^„,^^^^^^^ ^-^ «■- '->"' ^-y- 

^^-^X ^-^-^fSf H-'^-^ a -S 
Major remarked :•«■; never ,1™,h, . . ' '"" "''ich the Wd 


Queen,^trwifHTne'::d"c'r«^t3'' '" '^"^'^ '^o-^-vethe 
assembled multitude and the S o, p'r^"'"''"^ ,f ""f" ">• '"e 
the Mayor and his party retired ° '"">' ^°°^ '»"<"»■. 

St. o^i'sXiTeirir jirre^jhsr r--'^ -- '- 

a" r-; ^r "K=y«-''>--J^^^^ .en., and 

^. we;t:^:e~~^^- 'X^^ 

■^cause a flat and ahso7uwr„,;„i ° T' '™ '" ^"* *'""» ^''-y. 
MafekinK is) has by the -niZfT^'"" 'T'"^' """'^ "" 'hat is wi^ 
against the most stLuou? Zt/nm onT'of ™ ,"='?"'"'' """ "*""«« 
but of his successors. ' ""'^ "' °" '"'''■■K (feneral, Cr.-.nje 

you lt^V^iZ'tZ7lt:Tr'"' '?'- '^"'<«"- f-nd. .totake' 
-ould have thonghttha. tb;s <^wi bThic'h ""' " "■' P"""- ^'- 
have got in on any nigh, they ^0^" We had r"^™™"""'" " -"'■' 
hers there, but it is no confeiion „7;.„ ^ ""^ **" "' ^ronje's burg- 
■cnew Baden-Powell was n„ r^y" Jre^ZuTr "" ""' """ '" ">■ '"«' - 
that he was ready to spri„„ sumril^r? ""^ ""T"*' "' O"^. but 

think' (it »ho„hl be started Hjt£e"„lr-' """"r"'- ^"'' 'ho-^h I 

-nvX-:s?::^r.:rs::yz™~'°-.-- do no. 



Lorrl Edward Cecil , 

■credit as Colonel i^T ^" "' '^"l Solisl,„rv i 

-»thefolloJ„;'',,^4'"-'-o»:ellfor.hem:;^;£;,'^?7" qui.e a, „„,h 
from ,„. Cape fo';h'™;'""'^'ii» a l«.e?from L^r^"" »'"f'='""»r 
Edward Cwil J„i """ ""« sliow, ? .^'' Kitchener datS 

-cl.ln,--;-^«o"h n^He^'naa^^^^^^^^^ 

'" MafekC Wh'Sr r '•"''"■'"""Mo afnTatr '• ^■'" "^^^ '-" 

-S-'-iththe P^mler's „"/'""■'""-■ ««id^ht """"^ >"" 

..„ ^'^^THEBArrtBATEscocsT''"' 

Tlie mother win recall .u. . 




And, l,roc,linK o'er the after vears 

Of ; oiilh ami manliood's rtime 
Will 1„„K to follow to iliat bourne' 

Bevondlhe ills of lime. 
Tl.e stricken ,ife «ill clasp her hand,, 

The child will sob in v,iin • 
The hul«ark of Jiis hearth and home 

W ill ne'er return acain. 

The sister heart will sorelv mourn 

The brother of her pride • 
And «ho shall cleer her eniply life, 

rile disap|ioinle<l bride. 

Thou ! Father of the fatherless ' 

Great God of laities, hear ' 
Have mercy, heal those hearts which blee.1 

O er many a.soldicr'a bier! 


If it were not that there is a ver>' excellent »„^ i .. 
supplying soldiers with anim„„it„?dnrin,r ""'■''"' '>"'■" "< 

b» almost hopeless ,„ attacHn v BosaZ^ M ?""" "' » "«•"' " """'-l 
heavy things to car^-. The lol bu "t tb h k ""^"'''•"'' "' "">• 

and.heweig,«of,i?;^wl;'.,?:„^X>,f ---■'<'' '>>ec.« 
» though it isof small comTa.'" ve ™t ^h , " " " ""'^'^ 

When our soldiers are attacking a Boer ^t^ril, • 
quire that each man shall have a laL su^L r ' ^ "P^^tions re- 
all be came.1 forward as .he fight p^^l^^" oi™™""-". This must 
a hilltop may have the largest supdiT of h^' ^' '"tre-ched upon 

he is not weighted don'rhv it >"» ^^x-u-'ion by hi, side, and 

position. *" "• " °'" "'<«"=" are when storming a 

carry. An ordinary private:ar:^eTr;it7j^r''"-^'''''=''' 
when heavy firing is exoecte,! ihi. .^ J '' t^'ore an action, 

-re fro. L hatLio"^'^^ :?", 'Z:r': 1^?^"'^ "^ =" 
advances into I„ttle carrving no less tiar.Vo^ Jki , ,"' ""'" P"""= 

Whenevera soldier falls or is rnnde. h '"''"''tj™''" <•' death, 
ammunition, and it is at once drstribm^ 1 ' "nn.ediately stripped of 
capable of carryingonthe fight Crl^ ^"^ '"^ men who are still 

i» carried in fou\cLs,d^n;hel«cino;ro™"t°"^"''^''''°"^"- 

I ll 

Mo- column 87 Zu^^, ' •"'" » »'»»}-. wiS .1, ■*""• 

""oun. enrried ,„Th, fij^' « ™°"» I-r m.„. "S^„ " «rt«J i. 

: -™« .0..:, : " '-^^ ■•"'- --^eoi:' - 


""^ mulM which acccm^ ' P^J^fcally fit a Jlhl^ "K^K^ent 

■•«'arn,us. be e„ , ,"'*'-'"=» «"' *« '""• 

Dcvona. ^ """ "vere,l with water ■• c° ' ""'' "literally 

'■'«"' <o the f™„, , . , ■ "'"■«""'"-■. Relf, J 

hattle of Tu^,;- '"•=" ' ^" of bullet,, God kuo:,".! "T "„"^'"« ■■■•«■■ 

' ~'^" officer at the 

A story ig told h i-» 

" was the ocea.iV,™ [ ""ost proni,si„„ 

"■e li., of caaualtieT™??'; '^"P ™ '^nZ;!^::!,'^ ""■ °' »hich 

-^HBS^^^tfatiir^ ™-He made 


^ His neatest fear wa, ,e« ■ " """'""'' « 

PHde wafjuat ihatv-tv «?'• -""-'-..nde.r. "r.? Zf '^P""^ 

' wtiose greatest 


^- °'""">". Of 'le Ba„k of 

Iff I. 



Ireland^ ,rtth^.„d««ndy-bound copy of •• Forty^n. y„„ i„ !,„„.," 

o\,i^f t^' °'^""'P"""» *'y " »"toS"pl> l«t«- thanking Mr. 
Quinton for hi. sfnue. in connKtIon with htr fund for the wiv~ an. 
famihra of wldiera and Milors serving in South Africa. 

have done so much ,plen.l,d work in South Africa. In the midat of her 
anxiety and gr,ef she «„t for the Mother Superior The«. and W 
Evangehne who labored » heroically among the aick and dying du^g 
the «.geof Mafeking, and Ae asked that the name, of all the nmZ 

ImJTh'''""^'"'"' """"="""" *' '"""""^ "■"■■"' ^^ 


A misaionarywaa visiting a Boer family, and found that thev were 
daily u«ng and therefon,, -earing out. a Bible that had beenZ.Zt 
over with the family three centuries or so before from Holland and ^n 
Uining all the f^nily name, from father to «,n ever sine" H.^i^°, 
out to them that it was a treasure not to be ruined. They a^ ta 
did not know where to get another to replace it. He promised to make 
themapre«=ntofone. The old Boer was aghast. • But,' he »dd"the 
English do not know anything about the Bible.' However the ixMk 
pnnted in Dutch by the Bible Society, wa. duly pre«nt«i. oTcouS' 
^ead of the Dutch arm. it had the English arm. on the f™nt^^' 
The old m«, pomted this out, • That is the Bible,' he said. A HWe 
further CMmmation showed him, however, to his amazement that thil 
was only a „,a,ter of printing and that otherwise the two wer; identica 
Tlleexplanauonastoth. arms led to a reference to the tjrtarn 
Trandation • said the old man, • This is no translation. The word .were 
ongtnally said j^utch.' Literally that represents the ordina^lute S 
the upcountry Boer mind. They look upon the promise. and\hr«.Ven 
ings of the Old Te««„ent a, personally addr^sed to themal^v^ ^d 
h«r forefathers. They worship a purely tribal God, who hr^v^oT^ 

ju^firf ,n so doing, act toward them accorfingly. If they see together 
mae street a Boer, an Englishman and a native they would dSri^ 
them as • a Christian.' • an Englishman ' and • black tlasi, ' After all 
apropo, to »ome ofthe letten, that have lately appeared, that is worship! 
ping thes^neGod,' or • being Pnrte^ants.' with some little qualifr 

That Britain . patncians are of ths right stock i. shown by the fact 
that 36 membei, of the House of Lords are with the troops in South Africa 
Besides these 36. there are hundreds of the bnjtheia and younger sons of 
peers »r<-ing with their regiments. " 

Besides Ok oldei« Mns of the Marqui. of Dufferin, of Lord Roberts 


. Which Z'X, "S """"■'" P"^. 



Which nigh or tu-oe ocbi„ i.v„ • 

And tnun,ph«i In fair fi«dom'. c.u« 

Or .unk in glory, honored gravM. 

Y.I EnglMd, doir old England - 

Th. f™ed in K„g and .tory ;- 
WHat other land nuycart.riiide 
On dearold England', glory! 

^ *'*'»« "K"" upon the wild < 

Who cheer with mirth the dart^t ™.i. 
Wift »fte.t heart for .uirenng™ ■""■•• 

But .ron-willed to foen«n', w«th ': 
see how they .pring to front the frav • 

Brave Erin bide, not, a,lt. not why '■ 

Which throb to conquer or to die. 

Yet England, dear old England ! 
The fMed in K>ng and story ;_ 
On braveold England, glory' 
■rttannU'. brood, from further Wot 

wuh -Z "" *"■* ^'' "'"'« fnrth. 

Have dtgniaed their kingly birth. 
And fought a. vetemn »ldier. fi jht 

AndwonasMielywinthebe.'- ' 
Hath bla»ned every youthful crat. 

^l^°K;!°?'.K™««old England ! 

The fanad m «>ng and Moiy ;_ 
W^t other land may cast a ile 

On brave old England, glory! 

nu ToiTr„d"S'nt'rx.1 's^'tt'""^ :' "" "^^ "•'»'■''". «™- 
.o get .. beuer term. ■■ t^n^^ .rd^r 'm '''^"°*"^ " '^°«'-'^ 
g.ven them in Berlin, Smit was enj~l I ""'"'"■ ^t a banquet 

howthebunfher. i>^>b.\i::T^2i^"^''-y^'>' »">"-°f 

■when Biamarck, who had bee7lilnf°^ * t"""'' "" "" <>' '88,, 
«.eper»n whom Smit was X^^^ ff A ' ^t" '""'""■• »»«' '<^ 
k»ow. what would have happen^ to iim*,,™*,"'^ General) if he 
—npower.. «»" an.,^l,^r, '-■l^;- J-;^;^ Disn^li 



K>« TH» fXAO 

letterM«iM "f^l.T r^? "A wom.„ from Dundw loM me, • ih, 

h' > ■• . u to put uD with at Ih. h.-j > H - "'P««"o« refuftM women 

o. " . Wood wi. o« c« :hth ,11 ^h '*, ™°'""' "■ "■■■"■ '"y 

Br-t,d,et.. Aladvw«^lJIJ ^ ""'' '"■■■ '^"''^ "PP"' "> 

«y^.inth.'^bLX"^rX°''"l*Uh^uT r ''•"'^- 

of you rooineki." »r«ing, there ! that i. i. what we think, tt'^-.tir-"^,?"" "-' Hi. ho« .hot. and 

next morning diKovered that a MauKr bu l-f Tf ^^J "^ °"'>' 

•H-dy. Thenheconap„da„dw"a,tLT.'tU^uf" "'""*" "" 


other Highland regimenu, and h«, rix «>n. «^„ ' „ I,. "'""' '"'' 


'formt,Z^f*h'r»;SnV;l,""r'""^'" "'""^' ""«" 
during rhTttle of W«LHmi""L:S ' '*"" '"""'' "«'«">" 


«nd in the magazine of one of the mm. A n«l.T. \ ,w ' 

that for hard .n^k^X?"!;'^™"'"- •"^" "■' ^°" ">'-"' »' 


One of the mott touching incidents of the war in Sonfh At„- 
cured when Captain Tow. received the arv::LL" c1rh:il:red*^y 


the a«««i 'or v«lor in the vddl. CapUin Towi« nrncd the dirtinction 
by tttemptiiiK to cariv alt Colonel Downnun. who had been wounded, 
under • hall of bullets He wab unable to do lo, and lay bedde him and 
kept off the Boera all niKlit until help came. By that time Colonel 
Downman waa dead. Captain Towk waa blinded in both eyea by a bullet 
wound. Captain Towie waa taken to Windior. and led into the royal 
pmence by hia wife, where he knelt at the feet of his So\erei({n. who 
waa BO much overcome by the light of the blind hero that her aged handa 
could icarcely pin on the moat priied of all British decorationa. The 
Queen'a few worda of aimple praiae of hia gallantry and thanka for hia 
devotion were spoken lo low aa to be almost inaudible, and when Queen 
Victoria waa led out there waa acarcely a drj- eye among the officials 


A loyal Dutchman, named Hatting, residing near Frere, haa made a 
graceful offer to Lord and Lady Roberts, 

The remains o( their son. Lieutenant Roberta, who fell at Colenso, 
lie in this man's farm, and he offers to make over to the parents of the 
deceased officer two acres of land around the grave. 
A Holy CaaumiBlwi Sarvlea. 
It is a common error to represent the British soldiers as ne'er-do- 
wella, with little or no sense of religion. Soldiers may not be plaster 
sainta, but if those who talk of them in this fashion would but attend a 
aervice at a garrison church, they would find there the best of congre- 
gations. Nowhere do the people join so heartily in the servicea aa in a 
military chapel, and the spectacle of rows of soldiers all uking part is 
moat impressive. Much more impreasive, however, is the same act of 
worahip when performed in camp. But nothing can exceed the solemn- 
ity of a military service on what may be a battlefield, especially if that 
service be the celebration of the Holy Communion. How many of the 
men kneeling reverently there will be alive to-morrow ! That is the 
question every participant asks himself. The scene presented is one not 
eaaily to be forgotten. At the altar, made of drums, stands the chaplain, 
in hia aurplice, administering the sacrament to men who will be in the 
thick of the battle in a few hours, while round the congregation stand 
men, fully armed, keeping guard. 

Arehdeacon Barker is one of the heroes of Ladysmith. A Boer shell 
fell at his feet, and the arehdeacon picked it up as it was on the point of 
exploding and dropped it into a tub of water, extinguishing the fuse. 
The entry of Lord Roberta into Bloemfonteiu partook little of the 
glamour that is supposed to be attached to war. Provoat-Battersby 
writes to the Morning Post : 

" Hen wan the greatest incident in the greatest war that England 

' »0« TH« FIAO 

cMipUgii. ■™™°™~ •no thttk^rtn, .t IhU «r»t cl<»e of hh 

«« Hp. which .pok. it, ti. ^^ ?S""? T?"* *• '""'•"y " "» 
guide onrfwt Into th.M/of^^' *" in<««»lon "to 

dow«, pick«l up hU rla.; ,„rfi^^°r^T '"."" '""• "' «" 
from loM of blood." ^"' """"^ '*'•« l>« colhpMd 

Sritmnl. ! thy tine .nd bnve 

H.« h«lg^ the. «fe,y, „„, „^ 

With loyiUty unmixed, profound, 

Not on the betUe-field alone 
Nor on the deck behind the guns 

I« .11 the love of leal heart. Aown 
J^ lowly hut and paUce home 
Meet leivjce cometh at thy call 
And Urge- gift—among them kll 
Not leart are tho« from o'er the foam. 
Oh^ MotherUnd I dear Motherland I 

However far thy childien he, 
-J*' *"' ''*" '" ■"««» thee, ' 
They riae and aa a bulwark stand. 


Oh MothtrluKl I l-miol all Uadi ! 

Tlios I lud whtn Pmdon niln Uw (nc ; 

W« Ion, wc liTt, m di( (or ttaw- 
Ood leave Um Ktiitn in thy hudl. 

All cUMt of ixnplt have contriboM (.nerouily to the nqairaneati 
now ""' '"•^°"" **• "«»" »«" atnilvdy,yri than 

u-J*"? Prin«Mo» WalM, after acquiring and Siting up the splendid 
hoqrftal ihip known by her title, spent Urge ranu of money in providini, 
comforu for the invalided loldiera; while PrinceM Chrirtian procured 
and litted up an hoqiital train which hai been of thentmoat Mrvicc 
heddea enliiting many well-tiaincd nurica in her Army NnrainK Rewr^e' 
Lady Randolph Churchill procured, through American benevolence the 
hofljltal ihip Maine, and Lady Furly, Lady Bentlck, Lady Lanidowne 
Mra. A. Paget, Mra. J. Bagot, Lady F. Poore, Lady Cheaham, Lady g' 
Cunon, and othen too nuneroua to mention, worked hard on behalf of 
the cauae. The Duke of Weatminrter on hU deathbed ligned a cheque 
for /i,coo-and other contributiona, laigeand amall, awellcd the Pat- 
riotic Fund to the mllliona. 

The IndUn Patriotic Fund reached nearly /loo,ooo. Beddea they 
equipped a Volunteer Force, under Colonel Lumiden, and lent 3000 
nativea, alio thouianda of horm and mulea, and alio a hone-hoapiul and 
thouMnda of suiu of clothing, etc. Natal taxed itaelf to the very ntmoat 
in aisisting all Khemei of patrioliim. 

Auitralia, rich country aa it is, exceeded all antidpadona in lu 
generoaity to the cauM, while New Zealand did moat nobly. The former 
contributed over /2oo,ooo to the Patriotic Punda, with 400 army lervlce 
wagons, an ambulance section and horses and mulea by the thousands 
while the Utter haa expended on the cause no less a sum than ;f 150,000.' 

A abort time since a Zulu chief and hia men came in to do honor to 
the magistrate, and to offer their services in case they might be wanted in 
the war. The chief expUined that he knew be was unworthy to fight 
wiUi the Englishmen, but when Uie master went hunting did he not call 
the dogs to help ? He himself, and hu men, were content to be the dogs 
if they might help. At the word ' Inkos- which means master there men 
saluted by raising their right hands high above their heads. These Zulus 
are bom fighters. They had fastened their sssegais to their saddles to 
show that they meant what they said. They were fine, big fellows, and 
were mounted on small horses. 

Mrs. Vaughan, Ipswich, London, relates an extraordinary family re- 
cord of services to the Queen. "My husband and my father," she writes 
" served in the old 31st Regiment, now the North Lsncaahire, the former 

"•ooeorr nmutioN tbt om 








>^PLIED IM/Gg In. 

I65JC1MI Itain strMt 

(716) *M-0MO-Ph«» 

VOf* 14609 US* 



I'rvT.tmv',?'"'''''''"""'"'''''-""' '•"■•'• ■ had •■■'■•on.. One 

.;~„ .h?:rc:rrQr„"" ^''"'''-" "■"■"^- --' "-- '^- 

Daofhters of the Empire. 

The dearest treasures of the heart 

Upon thine altar laid; 
Not through the costliest gifts of earth 

Could just award be paid. 

^'l??' '""'^ '^'"' "'"' Kive.their best, 

V.'hat more can mortal do ? 
Since each successive bfFering 

Is sacrifice anew. 
Still hands! that may not combat 

With weapon on the field ; 
Lone hearts I which mourn in sadness. 

Yet joy their best to yield. 
Britannia ! thy daughters brave 

In trustful loyalty. 
Have wiped the tear and stilled the plaint 

And raised the song for thee. 
For thee, Oh bounteous Motherland ! 

Unto thy generous heart 
Still firmer be the tie that binds 
Thmeown, ■ till death doth part." 

heigi;^;e;":g;x:itnJ^?' r "'"'" ""---'- - 

..«nd them'al, in preciselftrelre'" .'■^^r-f 6^^?^' 'f 
any two of them are affected alike ^'" ^""^'y 

nothfn;\rha;%7e^:-„:rvr,;L'wVLf\h:.r- -'' 

U.ns^a_bullet. «ut perhaps in two or three milt'hl'':^ll";:r ^ 


A third wd crj- out in a WAV tn fri„i.. i.- '™"J "'"T slight. 
e^.Hing in hil^gony. ^l^^^]^^;^::^^^ 
Some soldiers wounded in the slightest m.uner will have to be 



Many d» quickly from the diock to the nenrou. .y,t.m 

«ody?„r''*'"°' *'""■""""" °'™"'"" -«»""'«« w.. worth 

arm ma d>„g, threatened to brain him with an empty beer hot. e 

jnie German waathen lifted off the table upon which he had been 
plac«J and pnt into a comer out of the way of the'L^^ L^^^ 

w.U.aMa„«r bullet whLr had par:n\nd'prb,nir„t:SS 
wouSlfa^l't^ ""Tf* " **'"« "^'^ *' •>'«>* "Purt^l out of the 

r^.r-m^';^ '^'- """• °""^ '^■' '^'"' •'-*»"- 

full ^Z^^/>^' "°"'"* """■'"' *" ■"= i""»«ii"«ly tackled a ptate- 
-me^."^""' '■y°«"P°'-««'-"y. "1 hew hadonythin? Z: 

Among the wounded who arrived at Cane Town Ort •., >,.tk.i i 
w|».non-com.o,the Gordon Highlande-Twho I^SA'cJTX^^X 
Jhoulder by a Mauaer bnUet at Elanddaagte. Knowinghe™ hi? h, 

•o tlMt m the worat event it should not be taken by the Boers. 

But m a few minutes the numbness departed. Our inillant Bon.™« 

almoat coUapeed from loaa of blood. 

cau ji?'", ''°"^''"' °" ^"^ *' ^""«» 'P""-' o' *« ««•«' bullet aa 
cauHug only a diarp prick when it pas«rf through arm or leg 

eoulJtt.Trl!.""""""""'^""'' "" » ~ ''»y««" " i««d pencil 
»uMj»tbe«.ed., a probe. The "pamlyang shock" credited to tS. 

1 "^^ "!""'' ■'•«' "»' >«»• to he borne out by experience 
CO. wh^ >? .r"""". ™ "™°™« '""S' '™" «» oM «>">? 't Glen- 

The Dublin was bending at the time, and did not even take the 



trouble to look up. Hii officer heard the Dub. saying to himwU aa he 
turned hi> back on the ahell, "Ach ! go to blazea with you ! " 

Oh well ! that in face of a threatening doom 

The mind may in triumph take wing ; 
And soar from the regions of kottow and gloom 

And rob the last foe of its sting. 

•Tis said that when 'gulfed in the ocean's embrace 

One dreameth of amaranth bowers, 
With faiiy-like visions of beauty and grace 

In gardens of gorgeous flowers. 

Brave martyrs have triumphed o'er torture and lire, 

And stoics have smiled over pain; 
But what of those others whose spirits aspire 

Frtjm death-wound or deep in the main. 

Blessed thought ! that to anguifh of bodily pain 

The senses are often-times numb; 
Blessed knowledge ! that grandeur of soul life shall reign 
When mortality's voices are dumb. 

The Queen's personal interest in the men fighting her battles was 
constantly illustrated by her visits to Netley Hospital and the private 
houses where lay officers and men wounded in South Africa. She stood 
godmother to the child of a major's wife whose husband was killed at 
Elandslaagte, and she summoned to Osborne Bugler Dunn,aged fifteen, of 
the 1st Royal Dublin Fusiliers, who was the first to cross the Tugela River 
though the men of the regiment tried to keep him hack. While running 
with the soldiers, holding the bugle with his right hand, Dnnn soundid 
the "Advance." A bullet struck his arm and the bugle fell. The boy 
immediately lifted it up and repeated the call. He was brought to Netley 
Hospital, and waa visited there by Princess Christian and Princess Henry 
of Battenbnrg, who asked the hoy what he would like the Queen to do 
for him. He replied :— " I hope Her Majesty will send me back to the 
front. I'm to have a medal and three bars, because I was in three engage- 
mento. My father has only two ba.s to his medal." The bid's father, a 
sergeant, returned to the front, having recovered from his wound. On 
his arrival at Portsmouth young Dunn was tenderly borne on the shoulders 
of the delighted popuUce. Her Majesty presented the lad with a silver 
bugle suitably inscribed. 

The Mayor of Portsmouth recently visited Her Majesty's ship Power' 
ful in the harbor, arid presented each mm of the naval brigade who was 
present during the siege of Ladysmith, with a handsome silver hunter 



*«^i.^J A "^^ ^ "" "■"" °' "" ™'P«°» "^ ">« in«:ripti<,n, 
tnbuted to the men. «ho wm dniwn up under the poop. The uuiyor in 
the courK of . brief congr.tul.tory .peech. the gift wu nude t>y a 
few I^ndon udmiten who did not wiA their identity to be diKloMd. 
The graudwn of Queen Victori., Prince ChrirtUn Victor, who died 
of fever in South Afric, wu . «,ldier bom, whoowed nothing to r.nk 
but obt.ined hi. u]T.nce in recognition of hi. military ability He knew 
et-erything .bout Tommy Atkin., from the eristing fee. down to the can- 
teen extortions, which he I.bored to .bolidi. In the hut lo year, he 
.=rved m .•> camp.igu^-. rare record-.nd he con.tanUy obtained 
oeMTved recognition for valor. 


1 "*^i''' "* »™'"K»™ ScouU were gulloping hack, hotly purwedby 
a Urge body of Boer., when they came to a fence of .tout wir They 
h«l not a winMiutter unong them, .nd s> turned .nd galloped along 
hoping to come to ume opening. Far from thi^ however, they cune to 
a Hcond fence running at right angle, to the fir*. It xemed that they 
mu« be all diot down or captured, when a trooper-Pr^w wa., I think 
hi. "■n»-took hi. feet from the rtirrup., rammed in hi. .p„„, and weni 
rtraight at the fence. The impact wa. tiemendou., killing the horw .nd 
throwing the m.n »mie twenty yard. like . .tone from a catapult but 
al» .napping the wire., Hi. comnuje. rode through the gap, and pick- 
tug up hi. xnH^len body, e^aped. Ey a miracle he waan't dead and 
recovered. I think such a deed a. that done in cold blood i. hard to beat- 
for, a. .11 horwmen know, by .11 the rule, of the game he rode to certain 

We honor the nldier who fall, in fie rank* 

The victor who .houta in hi. glee, 
The wilor who weather, the ttormint gale ; 

What crown dull we offer to thee ? 

The Midier may conquer, the Milor reMh haven. 

But thou ! i. thy spirit divine ? 
Haa't chown the surety of undeserved doom ; 

The crown of the martyr be thine. 

A staff officer of engineers told General Robert, that he could do 
certam work as.igned to him in the course of a fortnight. Tam sui. • 
Mid General Robert., • that you will do as well as you can • 

Genei^ Kitchener <uked the same officer how much time he would 
require to do the job. 'A fortnight,' wa. the a«.wer. KitchenerBni"^ 




• Either you will do it in . week,' he nid 
The work wu finlihed in • week." 

■or you will be lent 

2S^rc 'srouidi-rT -°.--'- - ' "oirrwt^ 

w...u.u.lly.^uckXnth.Xy"b«mu yj'and''* " l"'^ 
all they were „ cheery and willing L con?d hi!" ^' """"«" " 


for me a place ™onK the Mmd™™ Jh "' "* "'""' '«' """"d 

after pea„wa,p,'^ri:':.;:™;,lT',^ ''\*' °""" 
cheeked youngster small for ™v ™ ""' "J™ » '■'*'^ fl«Mn.haired, red- 
deal with'Thewom.^il" T^'r", """P^' «""'«'* « ««d 
askedhowoldIwa:,tron re^lviL rmr„T '° •»»•«« »"J«'y 


to which he maSeTui^e'^;!^ ' "'°"' ' ""'•'" •"'''^' 

"CosUy and rare aa the offering may be 

'Tis the symbol of red-handed war • 
C3od grant that it never lead forth in a light 

Whose actions the conscience may mar. 
"If e'er it be dr-wn from its glitteriiig belt 

Let it's rising ne'er shadow the light 
WhKh glows on the sword of the fearless and true 

Whose watchword is "Country and Right " 


rot THB FlAG .. 

'to! nlTlI? ""'•'"'«'•■' «"■»?« ■wall m. one. m„„ 
TOi emblrai of honor, of union of hearu 
To your honor ihall never be iheathed." 

DeKribing the medical work done after the battle of r-i 

nur.i*r^tu;^r,e;rL'::":i:dt::'^" •''■' ••'--^™' 

women I Th"Vw„rkS" i °h. . H ^' """*! ""^ "■"" ''•™'«' 
the verv bent p~,l t '"'"'"• "'K"' and <Iay, and thnr work was of 


hin, af.„ Tugeia, and tried to ri^e WrcoLro ^W.""" " ^"^ ""^ "' 

.re.Lt^rtLi™f!^:,":"X";sr '° °"*"' »"-"-'^"'"' 

havi^.rpL":^t'rnr;^iri«:'?r^^^^^^^ -ui. ufe to 

che*er a Member of Neabitt-VSoi .taL ti^a' mLT™* "' '^°'- 


«ceptionofthe.aa.C'!:tr.n;^;jr'''-„rw:'':Lr "" "" 

though he hafel™."'«,n'a wound, are doing well. 





Thouhad'.t thy wirt. Thou ! g«„d i„ life. 

Thou ! lit of purpow high ; 
Vet nobler spirit in the strife 

Went never forth to die. 

Clear light unto thy leaser kind ! 

Bright sun within thy sphere ! 
Each precious hour of life refined 

Weeps tribute o'er thy bier 



, J^* !l'''^™" '•"''■'^ ''y ">' Tsar from the Russian Attachee .i.h 


Of. I an. so «„ed with adn,„ , ca"nTd"d':S;.iSg''toTisre^;:" 

whii;^r^:ztt ::;;'"^ ^"^^-^ -' -- •- - -"o- 

he ''buf Zlf """I' "" '■"* ""' "■' «"'" »•■"- '" "-' »-'d, •• said 
he, but-leanng out your ca™lry, which have not done so well-I rail 
always say that there is no other anny to compare with the Brt^h F^r 
courage, da.,h. sUying p,wer, discipline, and Z that mates "or sucoeL 
with an army, there is no other lite it. '• success 


General French said to one of the gunners, " See those three wagons 

ro* THK njLo 


over then," (• dliUnce of about 3« mlla i •• ••>. .k.. 


" Captain Sanford was the fint to hll mnrt.ii j . 

bulletin the .pine. He fell down calHn^ ,„T ^ *"'"''"' '"'' " 
charge, .whenThe had fallen he dje^'l!'"'' "" *"" "»" "> """"« ""' 

he :«rredTa^t«;:7f'^.nr 'hrr:?- -^^ ''"'*«' '■'«• 
Uevotion unto duty paved 

Their pathway unto death • 
One grand, unielfiah apirit 8pi>lie 

From out their latest breath. 
What more, thou country of their love, 

Could hero-patriot yield 
Tha. life unto thy service ({iven, 

Or death thy cauK to shield ? 
Ho, lilies of the purest white ! 

Ho, amaranthine bloom .' 
With reverent hands we softly twine 

Your fragrance round their tomb. 


!■« this story be told to Lord Kitchener's credit .h™, ,. : 
pnsemany. A certain Yeomanr,- commander^hL oX r^' '""•" 

of gutter snipes,' etc '■Thal"™Hi _. .,• ^ a raobit. ' "A lot 

not the way ^;dd;;LmeIVa„nSad'"^"t°''"' "•'■■'■'' 
spoken to as such. No troops ^n b^ t™ ned "JTirl';''^"' ""^ '° >« 

commander who doe. not res^his1.e?Ltnabl\o1efd1rm°"\t 


"" TOR TH» riAO 


Not only on thoKgalUnt ihilM, 

On many • deck bnidc 
There ire who've earned our gtatllnde; 

A nation's hope and pride. 

Though leMened not our debt to IhoM 

Who ttod with weary ^eet : 
Who drooped 'neath ilU of icorehing clin,,. 

Yet never owned defeat. 

Honor the brave ! 

Whether high, or of lowly name ; 

Whether crowned or unkent of fame, 
Honour the brave ! 

One golden link 

Binda each Commander and bis crew; 

Together they bad daied to do 
Upon fate'a brink. 

True union nerved 

The minds and hearts that struck the blow. 

Which crushed a formidable foe 
To doom deserved. 

Together rove 

By thoughts of freedom and of home, 

Britannia's seamen ride the foam. 
Taut-bound of love. 

«,1.n*L°"T°'.,?*''°°"' •"■' M»«^ontein the Naval Brigade did 
7^^ T;; ■ V'"r'^ Ladysmith. Cap.«n Scott's abl^miudei 

ner^°:r^'""'C%"*" "'"^ °' ■-» Marines and B'.ue 
jackets. God bless our Naval Heroes ! 


fire ''*'^'"™f °""S«'™«''"Army officer, Capt. Adiman. wa, under 
fire all day, from davlieht till night, with the Surreys, just as they 



«ere n I ;e bIa»inK wn r-i the Ihirk of tlit LiUle there hr «a» carrv- 
inK off the ,l.n„K iin.l wounilul. when l,e came in at 1 1 at nixht I hunllv He wa« loveretl in the Mood of thoM- he hail helne.! \\V 
two womet. n,ov«l «ilh the troop., a.lvan.inK al«mt the «„ne tin.e ,i. 

JoMil™''" '^°'"°'" '*"''"'"" *'"' "'"'"'''' "''''■ ''>■ ""'' «"'■ >'" 

The ran o,- Mr. K. !..,„„, Wnkefiel.l. KnKlaml, «rite,: -Iwa. ,„ 
company «,th a «rKeant in .harRe of son.e «o„n,le.l Itar pri«,ner,. t,,,.- 
of th..e„,. I,,„K on a stretcher. a„,l «„, l^in^ carrie,! in when h. 
«l..|.pe.loutare..;:,eran<laim,,l it at an officer near. The «.r,<cant 
«a» ca- y.nK h.s Kun on hi» .shouliler ivi:'. tlie l«rrel in front of hin" He 
qutcklj- ,1„, ,e.l the revolver out of the Il«,r'. hand, clul,t«,| hi» own ri lie 

»wTl ".!?'''"'' ''"""""■ ""'' ''""'"-^ "« Pri""'"-* brain, out 
where he lay He wa, not «ti.f,e,l with one Mow. hnt had three, and 

had done » he . rdere.1 the «rKea„f, arrest. A comrade slip, Jl out of 
the march.nK hn.-. ask.nK to 1* excuse.!, saying he thought tlieserKeanf, 
ctrcmnstances nee-led son.e explanation, and told the captain how thinl-s 
sla«l. The capta.n gave the order for the serKcauf, release. ..nKratn- 
latmK him, and thanking him for saviuK his life." 

Our Boyj in BIoe-Durban, S. A, Maich 19th. J90a 

They come, they come 1 the crow<ls surge fast 

Along the echoing street ; 
In eager haste, with earnest will 

To tender welcome meet. 

They come, they come ! Britannia waves 

Her colors overhead ; 
While, unto music'- sprightliest tones. 

They march with rythmic tread. 
Oh ! sweetly smiles that sout' cm sun. 

And gaily streameth forth 
The ba -r of that patriot host. 

Sons of the loyal North. 
As all along their line of march. 

Through shouts of loud acclaim. 
Admiring eyes light up the scene 

And tongues bespeak their tame. 
Oh ! bright the glorious aftermath 
When, victory's course i.s run ; 
Bu( purer far the light that gilds 
True hearts, whose loves ai .• one. 

• •'OH THK rUAG 

Then Klorj- to Hi» Clorioui N«n» 

Thnnixh whom all ftuii. ore hulcil ■ 
Who, with IhclnilKi of Lllierljr, 

BItiwd unity hath Mated. 


hurled back the chiv-Iry of France and had tamed «,eM„rvUe "rid, 

OnIhe":h"°°"M'' ""^ """■«"" •"=" """"^ <" their capWn 
On the other rose the .uperior numbera of the Boer, A wild 
motley crew they loolie.1 compared to the Km of Britain'7^. Z 

hearu that aeldom quailed In the hour of peril. Their rifle. I»v in v,.!3 
.teady and atrong. The Boer „a. face to face w[.h tTe Bri.1 ?^ 
number, lay „n theaide of the Boer, hut thT haTne^arrh Z 

lish bm Z "" '■?■■ *"'*' """^ •-•™''"- •• The language wa, Eng. 
he nfle tlT'T "!!. °""^'' • " """»«"'• "" «wf"> «cond of time 
Lilrf^ 'S'"""^ ""'"y '°"''"'' "»' »"'» group of men who 

SaLd '•• ?^°''"'' ? "'" '"" "'"'' "" """ -ounlain'ideatlnn; 
a^H I t' ^'" °'" "" ""^ *'*»" "'' ">=« ™"K » voice, proud Xr 
and high aa cUrion note : •■ Fix l»,yoneta, Gordon* ' " 

we„t''!,''l"*!""> u' "r^ ^'"^^ ^^^ "-• '««ly »•«! ; the l„yonet, 
«e?ed.ZJ°f .^"^'•. .''"'"' '■»''' '">■" «'<' B«r """, and men 
reeled a pace from the British and fell, and lay where they fell 
that voice with the Scottish burr on every note : •• Cha™ Gordon ° 
Charge, and the dauntleaa Scotchman ruThed on at the hel^'of^Ia fie.y 

The Boer's heart i» a brave heart, and he who calls them coward, , but never before had the.v faced «. grim a charge, never before hTd 

vox THK rt\<i 


If**^ *l'T!l "','"*' "''""^'"K »" "'•I' l'n« in front „f , ,on,.do 
ov,r rock.iiml cleft., „„ o,, „„!,. „, ,h, ,^ j , • 

nZ^n"" " '^""." ' ""• •"" *"•' '«'"" '-"P .l.r'™K aVd. Ui 

l^thr^i^ n , ' °'"'^ "" "~' """"«'' •"•"«' »"" -"■•« Ck A, w "n 

NolhinK could .Uy the fury of tl. :U .le»,Kr,ite ru»h 

„.v.f°rr"'^"',"",'^"' Tl»n.„„rattl,e™n„i«„fi;ur>,™ for 
«v« yet have Scotl.nd'. «n, l„„ driven Uck when once they reTch„I 

r.o':.k°,re'h,ii.",":,'',°";? ^-°t;""" •»«-■"«"•' -•of^°'. 

wm ..11 vou ;,,•,'' '"u; '"■' " """ '" "•"'"'" "'""" 'h™ 'hey 

»in .ell you Ulot they ««eep like ho»l. from hell. A.k in .neerinii Pari, 
and the red record, of Wal.rloo .ill „|ve you nn.wer A.k t^ * P . ' 
burg, and fron, S.,«.,op„, yoar „n„ver „i'l, com They th^Kh. of ht 
dreary morning hour, of MaKemfonlein, and Ihey «„ote the .Z^ down 
warn, through the neck into the liver. They thought of tl e „" o Z 
rade. in h, grave. he.ide the Mo.lder, and they gave the B^" the' haT 

ll^lan w"'".'"' '"IT* "" "'•" "^^ •»hin'd*t...m ThTy .LouKht ^; 
K^n W.uchop. riddled with lead, and they «nt the cold .t«l wUh . 
hombl. cra.h, IhrouKh .kull and brain, leaving the face , '"^10 make 

comrade, far a«.yalonK.he line, hearing it, tum«i to one another, „": 

tay'nit! '^ ^ ""' """' • °" J""* "' '""> •"" «'"■ «» 

But when they turned 10 gather up tho« who liad fallen then thev 

ZV^^: "'"^ ""■" "•" '""' ^'""^ "-™ «« --»" ^.h 'o toy 
hi I, . . "" "° "°"- ^'" ""'''' "'art that l«.t so true to honor', 
highest note. wa. not .lilled,b.,t a bullet mi„!ng the brain had l«rhi, 

Iti w Y "'""T' '"' ""■ " ""^ ""' ""'"">«' '°-- noble wtoe. 
«.uled Wauchope, whose prototype he w... They knew that nin a 
long, long year would roll away before their eye. would «,t uZ hi» 
J^ :e again ■„ camp or bloody field. But it gladdened the r «ern wamjr 

•A ProBnr m^ ^„^ .nM.«l, taternipHoM.- 

No pplicv of earth may bar 

The blood-stained road towards releaw • 
,,- "'^"'"'f »"'l alone may wage for peace' 
When served the purposes of war 

Yet this we hope— nay. well we know 

That stnle sliall have its long surcease, 
c ., j" blissful, universal peace 
Shall wed high heaven to earth beU.w 


The lext of Lord Robert's farewell order to the amiv is eloquent 
douKh to stir the enthusiasm of to-day's leader writers. It is the sSonir- 
.■»t possible summary of the sufferinKS and heroism of the British army 
1.. a campa.K„ of unexampled severity, over .4. Joo ofRcersaud men having 
lUert from wounds fever and exposure. 


In his d^patches Lord Roberts furnishes a couple of table, which 
dn,e home the often descnhed and seldom realiad magnitude of the 
..roa oyer wh:ch hostilities have spread in South Africa. The area of the 
operations was : 

„ . Square miles 

CapeColonv .... ,„ ,5, 

Orange River Colony . . . ^s 336 

l'^"^'-^^ Ui.940 

'^'"^" ■8.913 

„. . . ■f'^'"'' - - 458,3.10 

''''«'«"> 750,000 

The distance troops had to trav.M by land : 


Cape Town to Pretoria . . . ,,o^<, 

Pretoria to Koomatipoort . . . '260 

Cape Town to Kimlieriy . 1 . j^y 

Kiniherley to Mafeking ... „, 

Mafeking to Pretoria - . . . I60 

Mafeking to Beira - - . ,,35 

Durban to Pretoria - . . .511 

"From these tables," the observes, •■ it will be 
seen that the army in South Africa had to be distributed over an area of 
greater extent than France and Germany put together, and, if we include 
that part of Rhodesia with which we had to do, larger than the combine,! 
areas of Fiance, Germany and Austria." 


" When it is considered that tliis is by far the largest force that has 
nZ^^T Tu.T''""''^"^'^"'' Xerxes, and is beside the largest 
Bntish force that has ever taken the field anvwhere in the history of the 
nation. It nmst be admitted that the War Office and the whole system 
ha^e covered themselves with glory, at least up to the present 
time. For it is one thing to move troops by lard and sea- it i, 
qmte another to move 150,000 men into what is practicallv a desert, and 
keep Lliem perfectly supplied with food and the other necessaries of life 
In this regard the Army Ser>ice Corps has done extisordinary work' 
Before a regiment of the army corps landed there was a million pounds 
worth of supplies at De Aar, within 60 miles of the Orange RivCT and 



thai in spile of the fact that two montlis a^o the Army Senice Corps was 
not even equipped with half its complement of horses," 


Attention has been centred on the British Colonies as never liefore 
by reason of their active loyalty during the Transvaal war, Representa- 
tuie government was (franted to all the important colonies in 1S56 
Distress in the British Isles during the eariy years of the reign led to a 
wave of emigration to the lands across the seas. In the case of Australia 
a new impetus was given by the discovery of gold, Canadikn federation 
liegan in 1867 and the dawn of this year saw the union of Australia take 
effect. Besides territory actually acquired, Great Britain has assumed 
practical control of Egypt while restoring the Soudan to Khedivial rule 
and there is no apparent prospect of her withdrawal from the Nile Valley. 

1S39 — Aden annexed, 

1842— Hon? Kong acquired, 

1842— Natal taken, 

1843 — Sinda annexed, 

1836— Sikh territory ceded, 

1849 — Punjaub annexed, 

1852— Pegu, Biirmah, acquired. 

1866— Oude annexed 

1858 — Crown assumed rule of India, 

•86u— Fiji Islands annexed, 

•875— SulUn's share in Suez Canal bought, 

1878— Island of Cyprus occupied, 

1S86 — Burmah annexed. 

1890— Zanzibar protectorate assumed. 

1896— Ashantees compelled to accept British sovereignty. 

1896— Kitchener occupied Dongola, 

1899— Partition of Samoa 

1900— Transvaal and Orange Free Slate annexeil. 


Canada— Seat of Government, Ottawa. 

aOVERNOR-QENERAL-Tlie Ri«ht Ho., the Eul of Mlato. 


Right Hon. Sir Wilfred Lauri^r, G. C. M. G., Premier. 
Hon. SirL. H. Davies, K. C. M. G., Minister of Marine 
and Fisheries. 

Right Hon. Sir R. J. Cartwright. G. C. M. G., Minister of 
Trade and Commerce. 
Hon. D. Mills, Minister of Justice. 
''^ F. W. Borden, Minister of Militia and Defence. 
S. A. Fisher, Minister of Agriculture. 
W. S. Fielding, Minister of Finance. 
I' A. G. Blair, Minister of Railways and Canals. 
J. S. Tarte, Minister of Public Works. 
C. Sifton, Minister of the Interior. 
W. Patterson, Minister of Customs. 
W. E. Bemier, Minister of Inland Revenue. 
R. W. Scott, Secretary of State. 
W. Mulock, Postmaster-General. 
J. Sutherland, without portfolio. 
R. R. Dobell, without portfolio. 
Hon. C. Fitzpacrick, Solicitor General. 
" J. J. McGee, Clerk of K. P. C. 
•] H. G. U Motte, Clerk of the Crown in Chancery 
High Commissioner for Canada in London— Right Hon 
Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. C. M. G. 

Secretary of Canadian Government Offices in I<ondon — T C 
Colmer, C. M. G. ' 


The Olden Fltg. 

Raise high the Royal Standard ! 

Shame not thy royal birth ; 
The prestige of thy might retain 

Thou ! noblest of the earth. 
Great Canada! thou fair, free land ! 

A world looks forth to thee ; 

No alien hand thy hand shall lead 

Thou'It bow no servile knee. 

Then rally round the olden flag ! 

The loved Red, White and Blue ; 
Let traitors scheme or boasters brag 
To Motherland prove true. 

Float on, Oh flag of Empire vast ! 

Long may thy colours wave 
O'er many a blood-bought heritage, 

O'er many a hero's grave. 
The lustre of thy fame doth light 

The field our fathers won ; 
The noblest gift which valiant sire 

Could e'er bequeath his son. 

Then rally, etc. 

High-sounding waves of ocean 

Cleave not the solid rock ; 
Ho land of Bruce and Nelson ! 

Ho shades of Wolfe and Brock ! 
While spirits of the dauntless brave 

Within our patriot s glow 
Think ye that one of Britain's brood 

Would yield to myriad foe. 

Then rally, etc. 

Droop not. Oh peerless standard ! 

Oh loyal hearts and true ! 
Forget not ye the olden land 

Though cherishing the new. 


"^ POK T!IF. rtAC, 

Forget not hearts ind hopes are one 

From far off Southern Isles 
To where, bsyond the Rocky stesp. 

The broad Paciiic smiles. 

Then rally, etc. 

Wave on, Oh flag of Empire ! wave 

O'er mountain, rock and stream ; 
Where wholesome fealty rests secure 

Beneath thy fervent gleam. 
For, while the maple reddeneth. 

While surges swell the sea, 
Thou'lt guard the frepman's sacred rights. 

In country of the free. 

Then rally round the olden flag ! 

The loved Red, White and Blue ; 
Let traitors scheine, or boa,sters brag. 

To motherland prove true. 

"Enthusiasm such as has swept over Canada with the 
basis of .sympathy for Bntain, is a to even those loy- 
alists whose fond dreams of imperial federation were not ex- 

H^f J°. ''^'"P *' '^'"' ''"""» "'^''' generation. Men who 
declared ten years ago that imperial federation was but a dream 
are caught up now and borne along on such a tide of enthu- 
.siasm as they can hardly understand. It shouts 'Rule Britan- 
nia and sings the National Anthem along with the .stalwart 
§ young (.anadians who have volunteered as soldiers of the 
ueen, to fight for Her Majesty and the honor of the British 
iiipire m South Africa." 

In harmony with the earnest and everywhere expressed 
desire of the people of the Dominion it was decided upon by 
the Government to call for the services of a certain number of 
the mihtia with the view of assisting veterans of Great 
Britain who are upholding the prestige of the Empire in the 
far away Southern land. 

The call was speedily responded to. In every section of 
the country, from the eastern to the far Pacific Coast came 
boldly fonvard the youth and strength of each busy mart of 
commerce and of each quiet. nir,nl hamlet ; everjone eager to 



oeiovea Shrine of one common country and Queen Indeed 
»o eager and so plentiful were the appHcants for tf '■ 

Colonel wTnfr""^™'"' '^""^''"' '""P^*' Commander, 
„«..? ^' ""' «'"'*'»"•>» of 63 officers with 998 N C 

on Crdle's^'k'V'H'"^'' '"" ' '"''-^' -"«> '"^ Q-bee 



fire rCn^' 'f . ^''""^'<""> underwent their baptism of 
CoL J P .°^**"t'L"^ ""'' Canadians, under command of 
Co onkl nm , '"f f,™!*"'" Army, who had replaced the 

Colonial officers, attacked the Boers 30 miles beyond Belmont 

tw tro' ""t'V'P""! '" the attack with the consequence 
foi? "'^2"«"t"^"' '"'' '° ""^ ■■ ■''"' '^hen the Canadians 
followed up and charged with the bayonet the Boers threw 
down the.r rifles and surrendered. Next morning the «.m^ 
^TT'Tf '" Do"8'-. which they found vac^^b" 
had he good fortune to secure joo rifles and 80,000 rounds of 
ammunition which the foe hr.d left behind. 

tr^,^*! f!'l ^'/* °' ^*""°'^' '9°°' » second detachment of 
D L F « : " ™ ')' f • ^- ^"'™"''"- This detachment, 
L f',^^"^"'" "' "" ^°y*' C'"'^'>'^" Artillery under 
command of Lieut, 'olonel C. W. Drury, consisted of « ol 

horses ''' ^- "*"" ""' '"'"■ '" "" 3*5 ; and ,63 

27th--There sailed from Halifax the Pomeranian with 18 

officers and 304 K C. officers and men, in all 352; under com- 

mand of L.eut.-Colonel Herchmer. There were also 295 

IZ^'Zr "'''''"-''■ '"^ '^ «^"^"-. '^-O'' n 
February ij-The Canadians .started to march for Jacob- 
dale, which thty reached after having endured the greatest 
distress rom the excessive heat ; so much so that thfy were 
obliged to press on during the night. A great battle was 
mging as they approached the city. They rested for the 
night on the outskirts and marched into the town by daylight 
to share with the conquerors in the spoil. 

A short halt and the march was resumed ; this time for 
these heights which have now become historic, the heights on 
which so many of the brave attested their courage and their 
lojalty with the offering of their precious lives, the fate decid- 
ing heights of Paardeberg. Th. long and dreary march was not 
to end m rest. In the words of one of our heroes : 

H.lf'l^l"' "=°«^ P«°"lrt<^'« »' heard the advance column in action 
Half an hour waaallo^ed for a hasty breakfast and then we were to cross 
the mer and get into action. Our hre. .fast consisted of a Wscuit an^ 



rcp«. The wLrwa'Ttr.o our";!?:'"'' """""»»•""» "f 
Hore« were carried off their f«tbut^., "" """""K '">• .wiftly. 

had o n";~r^Z;1ir: '" -';-« --.rd. .he enen,, and ,e 
nouncriLtlTe ^^:r. trr.h'h f f 'f■■«'""■ebu„etsa„- 
.ndfa«. At4„^^rrhu7ler',ni ''™T'- B""""™' thick 
hinder me in the advance aid U, T '" "" ""'"'■ ^t it did not 
my foot. , then' ^d"^; I tt^ Virhra^^r ' "i:"";' "'^'' 
stretcher-bearer but when it ™™ i v, ™ *" '^*"«' '<>■• '"e 

doctor waa locatXSnrnrrir forTc'ruth '" """' '»='' '" ""^ '-' 

hone'tXrTu'll'^dM :r;^;Ter'^'°'t"''' !;""" '"'■' ""■^'' '-' 

Boeracfpturedlur^r^^.i'rrMLrkirer.'^ "^ ™ "■""-'■■«■' 

But another and still more serious battle wag to take nla, 
-a Uttlo well described by anothorof Ca„adaCToj^ll'„? 

than Z:'^::X:^i''Z:T'" '"] -"■^ ™P««antaffair 
Lt Boertrench " - •™""'" " "'»■■' '«> vards from the 

^a^anTh^af to^c^rbif :,rrcr'?a^rr " "- 

out longer than they did, our loss would tavebee„t^!, "^^ "^W 
short fiv-e minutes our , OS. was about thi«ytmedt„VZ d«,'" "" °"' 
It happened hke this : At five minntm .« t„„ """naea. 

ported on our ieft by the Gordon Highlanders'^ndteSeal^hrwi:;!: 


TOR THs rt\o 

of i„,.„.,y i„ rev™ ;„t ^p™^'^"""''" ^™"-"''» •"■« o.hcrr^m,„,. 
to think that the biri? hid TT^J" " °'^"'"' "'■ W. t>ega„ 

the movinir about i„ H,. w i. "i;'"™- " '» "nposaible to deacrib* 
Daylight began to come, and we could aee that we h»rt ,h.™. k. . 
greatea. British victorie, in South Africa up rthaX' °'" "" "" 

«reiT;d!7ni"r;w:rr---— -- -^^^^ 

Fathero'^I^ ^^"h""^.'""^' ''"'' '"« 'hen, down Sdeb^tSe w"".' 
Father O Leary aatd a short service over all creeds. Tears fiUrf Z^y 




After tiic Battle— Paardebeff. 

'• We gathered from the gory field 

A „T , '^ *.''° ""^ '"™«' ""eir crown ; 
And tenderly we wrapped them round, 
bach in his sh'oud of brown. 

" Among the thorn trees in the glade 
Our heroes gently sleep • 
And though nor mjid nor mother dear 
By that lone grave may weep. 

" Beneath the -spreading hawthorn wild 
As peacefully they'll rest 
As If the flowers of Canada 

Bloomed sweetly o'er each breast. 

" '^'"Wh stones from off the di.smal veldt 
Shield well their lowly bed • 
We piled them high and set a 
As guardian at the head. 

" * Th'»T^lf' J!"""^"; "'"■ ""trades' names 
That all who mark that mound 
May leara that every patriot heart 
Both sleep in hallowed ground. 

Then, crashing back the rising sob- 
Deep feeling unexpressed ■ 

We tojk one last, sad, lingering look 
And left them to their rest.'' 

UM^'Xr^ *' "^"'^"^ of precious life in the bloody 
the most formidable leader l^s^l' ttirif ,a^ 

** rott THK PLAO 

"' wrerrr' '^^ ~""»"«-e.y slight if •• ' "■" •^"^"' 
, n.o4r.^-xirer-„r '"''■'"°''"'°'-- 
row at the loss of «, m»„ k Canadian. , and her sor- 

adding n., .nLrf%d'4:::LT;:f ^I'lri^^* 't 
nXi^^'^^^iiratr '"^ '"f •'•-'- --"Hh^^ 

IKii^: touching tributes lo^h.'^ ' I* "" ^^^ <>' England 

Who had fougV;tTna„ fy sideTsid l^'hT ""' '"'^'^ 
the Olden Land ^ '"' "'* veterans of 

away will undoubtrfly^ e~ h'l "' '°™'' °"''' '"' 

ance that al, have dl^h1i;dX-al^evS r^""« ^--- 

Our Boys. 

Proud of them! Yes, on every side 

Through all our vast domains 
Leal hearts beat high in loving pride 

And soar in praiseful strains. 



For thone who chore dread danger » lot 

With eye» unto the ga'. 
Whose deeds no tide of: re may blot 

From off the nation's soul. 

Who may not answer to roll call, 

And who have victory won • 
Who shall not say. 'God bless them all ' 

They have their duty done " 

March .;. -The iwt of the tmiiM 8enlbyC«n»dato,l- 

t^zz-r^T '- """""^ ""- °'- ™-^"™^°- 

They have taken part in the capture of lo towns lc«^hf 
■n >o general actions and on 27 other da , VhT , 

privileged to witness, and to take part in th.rt? ' ""'^ 
the,ieped cities an^f^ - I ' <'«''™ranee of 

patch announcing the relief of Maf.i„„„ .... 

ru. forinvaluabl^^..^-',^^::^ -^;^^ 


nex-cr «t,. h.. united in c^ h~«fT ."?°" """"' "" «"" 
the return of ,he hl^^hoT'i ""'"" '"«""»««'Pon 
tn.Iy .h.„ ever WorTihr loy^.^ "",?!! """'^ "^ »°'* 
•he grand old Bri,i.h Krfpire ^ *«lMe«rving «„, „, 

Home Ataia. 

Ho! valiant «,n, of Canada' 

Ho menofat^rlingmould! 

Well might ye grace your heritage. 
Ye! nur«d i„ yrecdom's fold 

Though brightly on tho«, annals. 

Where rank, he hero name, 
Shmea forth in living character,. 

Tho« sire, of deathlew fame. 

Tho«,i„,^ho. in the other year, 
Bntanma', flag unfurled; 

And Queen o'er all the world. 

Yet your, nc borrowed lustre- 
Each patriot stand, alone- ' 

Though blend«I in one common cause 
His glory is his own. ' 

Shinefottht fairguiding lights- 

O er Afnc's blood-stained •'eights. 

Whj- shade, the light on GIoo-'s brow 
Wejoy-andyetweweep, ' 

«ut Death came forth to reap. 


ro« TBB rtAo 

Oh, heart* of inborn courage! 

Oh, haiiOii and voiceH mill ! 
Ye've touched a chottl on Memory'H lyre, 

Which through the years shall thrill. ' 

For worldly wealth and pride of power, 
Earth-bom, with earth decay; 

But honour, justice, valour, truth 
Light on to nobler day. 

Ho! valiant sons of Canada, 

Ho, men of sterling mould ! 
Well have ye graced your heritage 

Ve! nursed in I'reedom's fold, 


Part IV. 

Strathcona's Men. 
Hark to the swell of rich music ! 
Hark to the clatter of feet ! 
; They come in their'might, as a flash of sunlight 
They liven the olden street. 

Oh ! grandly, they ride, in their beauty and strength, 

Thofie sons of the, far distant West : 
For the hath called', andthe country of snows 

Hath proffered her 'bravest and best. 

From the far away isles, from the prairie vast, 

Over mountain and river and fen; 
Their watch-word in fight, 'for country and right,' 
' • Ride forward Strathcona's leal men. 

Oh ! proudly they ride, yet the strongest may weep 

As he leaves for a far, foreign shore ; 
For he knows that the patriot will never return 

Till the days of his warfare are o'er. 

Yet, onward he rides in his courage and hope. 

As he'll ride over kopje and glen ; 
iFor the foremost in battle, on African veldt 

Shall be loyal Strathcona's leal men. 

Although intimately associated with the .sending of Cana- 
dian troops to,as! in fighting the battles of the Empire in 
South Africa, the fittiiig out of a detachment solely at the 
expense of one individual is an action so unique that it well 
deserves .special notice in any record of the war. 

The whole reading world is by this time aware that the 
generous offer of the Canadian High Commissioner in London, 
Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, to equip a company of 500 
mounted .soldiers for the ser\'ice of the Empire was accept«l in 
a most appreciative spirit by the Home Government. How 



ire in 
t the 
; well 

,t the 
)f 500 
t«l in 

.rated. The WroTtL^'strhlt^r.:^^^^^^^^^^^ 
engagement in which they took oart 1,-,= k ■ 

spicuonswhile thei. ^^^^^^^^1^,-;^:^- 


larger mm^UZwZZZ ^^1 T"' '"' '""' •" ""•"-"■ " 

have been drawing an annual allou.n„.. f ,. """"""'^^ "■="" who 

and have heen spe^,din« it^ h'c'oT .1^ 7^ ^'IL"'' h'" '"'''7' 
sons of prosperous cattle ranchersand „f iw, . ., Here are the 

former Canadian memljer of parlian^nt ^H , I " "" ■"" °' ^' 
railway navvv. Here i, the owr/rffj *'"'' """^ "■= ^-n of a 

limited education and -et Xth ° o^ ''°'' ""''' °' '"""'■ » -" •" 
not too proud to sleep i^ tl^Ze ™ttfe .""","""',' '" "■'' "^ «<"''■ '"" 
ford University Rraduate tL Z ^ 7"" '"" '""^ '^°<>''' "" «- 

counsel in England. ■■ ' '^"'''"' °' """^ '^hoP or Queen's 

"When Strathcona's Horse iret their tit n, 1, ■ 

outfit a Canadian troop everUasted ' f ,, '' """ ''"'' "" '"'="«' 
when it became known th«WlSto,heo„' ™' /r"">' ""derstood 
that troop would not want for anytW Z. Tne" n " '^°°''' """ 
ject. Expectations have been o2n'. . ^ '™''' """* ™ "''- 
doubt if troope. or soldiers of any S for .h^" T'" "^'' ^ ^ ' 
the ffont with as complete or costly a kit '■ "'"""• ''" "™' '" 

pa Je'td^ftrp'lrL-ir'ir''"''^ '"'-^ -•-' "' ^ -«! a 
Many thousands reviewed thera at Parliament Park 
Lord and Lady Min.o and Sir Wilfred Laurier were present. 

with militia escort and l«„ds, atnid the cWrinl 'f'Jr ' f ' ''^'^'"'' 
waving of almost nun,l«rless 'banners No re"'b:^lorm^ "'" '"' 



n^sxr ^^; rzr- --^ r "'»""- -■<' «— . 

of the Milwaukee, • by four L? .hl^P '" " ''"^'' •*"'"« "« "=<^ 
the •LaureutUn, • by th.^ day^ ' '^°"'='-''""'»' ' ''X five day, ; „„d 

s|«cime„, of physical ™„h^ e^r ,L„ ^V "■"'= ■""«•»" 
nveraged six feet in height, broad ,h™l/r^' J, "^ ''"^ "=" "ho 
ever,- man's countenance v,J tZ°T t ^ ^'"'"^ '" "PP^rance, and 
<lividualityofiUow„. Thrho,^Z ' '"«"«™ce and had an in- 

=^:r- ..iei^'ss-ri^"- -^ 
who had f':^,e^^t^ba^ie^rd''sVd^r"' ";,'■'■' ''^°'''-' """f '••o« 

li^t, that he insisted ou paying hU own T "" ^"""^ "=•"' '° -«■ 
«nt.y, had he not been accepted forTeX""" " ^'"» '""'P-'^- 
moment he w.,s accepted ^ ' *""•=■ "« «' the last 

for?di:;atfoTl':r':!;:^::ft"""l-'"--''°'he waist in icy water 
on an open woodsled for "n n^^^.^ i' „m "T '"■""" "'^>' "-""ven 
Glasgow in time to embark a, hX" '""'' "«' '™" =' "'^'v 

.«en^ddtrict''bX"::,« ist^^dT ^''"■"'- •^■'- --< "-y 

»ere small but hardy-ATng ninie, T u"^? ""^ ""' '™''»^- They 

and had never knowLhe^mrr^^:,Tr,r'"T''' '•'°° '»""<"■ 
."K. These were capable of Lt 7 "" '""^ "' l"™*- 

journey of ,00 miles in oneX and th- ""^J " ''"'' '" ^'""^^ '•"■ ' 
out any perceptible signs ofS," "ri/""''' ""}""' 'h= "«t day with, 
horse was placed in ailing j If high tnour: "" 'V,"' ''°'^'- «-" 

=^::h ^^fir jSES^r — ^ 

nessed in this Dominion. It was another^ff • r"™ """ "" »i'- 
to the mother country, anotheTlint w Th ?""^ °' '^°"'"'''''' >«« blo«i 
which has caused astonishment amoLThe "I ' '""" "' "'«"• '■>- 
■t was the gift of a man, one on "mfn tr ""Z"^ "' "" '''"'• »"" 

donated to the defence of the gl^ltdV'lrjark ""^ '■^''''"""''■^ 
v-ape Town, April ri Th« \r^„* • 

arrived yesterday. All weil. '^^ """ "" Strathcona Horse 



•• Strath™™ "J"' ^'T'"" ^"=»'™'» »P«:ia' London cable mv, ■ 

StrathconasHorae, under the command of Lieut.^ol Steele ontein 

in^^he^fetce^ofOenentlBuner, at Paardekop, receU-ei' altVu^S 

mrtv^rn!!"*"'"" ""' '^"""'""" ™'inK"t '="» how he overheard a 
me St^tf " ""^""T- '■'''"« °''""' "«= *°"''"f'" 'hing, t-ev hive ^," 
ho'r^'rd^ca.'le''"""''-' ^'' "' """"'' ^^ -" •»"'« --''-^K 


communication with the sei «. that -ll .1,. r. '""'"• '^""'"^ "" '"e Boer 
fn» the m,„t h, Kruger, west of that break must fj. int Britilh 

a,Ucw''bv''^'°B*"''''"'""'''t ""* ''"'^'■- Lieutenant Anderaon, were 
t^«oTof »T '"' "' *"'"''="°" ™ J'">- *• The British soo" 
IJ^CS enemy "''' "'"" "■'"" ">'>—-'"■ -"-stood the 

Reinforcements hurried"o ^e JenV Td^" °" " ."^i^' T""" "''- 

n.a;wSnr;rc;:d"ofTerX:'^^ -- clever aghting. Canada 

o«ice"rrmU„':1^ t.f.ral":^ t^''^^' ""'"^'^ ""= ''^""■ 
Fifteen of the St.athcona'» H„™ . "'"'"Kness to surrender, 

officer in chaie When Ihetr^h"™ " "'"''" "'"*"'i»i™ of the 

^.odemauded his srnJ:^.-Lvr- -- ™^"« - B... 


.>.n,in,hi,horse,..a,»ho,,,.ad. The Ca„a„U„s ,„« .,™ .,e.d and .hr. 

«.e„de,l over about ei^h^J^'e, °Th1 ZTt " T'T ""'" "" '™"' 

fij^hunji line. - ^'i-j '^"-oam RiH^g forming the 

Oeneral Dundonald's cavalry swent (im««j » .1. , , 

dash an., ,„.„pHse .ha. .he advance wrrSerf^Z ^= '" ""'^;t^" •^"■""'•' """P"-" "y S.ra.hoo„a./Horse, ca^e ,„.o 

from .he sie« and nava, «u„si„'d a /emltr" " '"■ ^""'-''" 
The hillsareswep. on all sides. ■ i 

Hor^'SLt- '• ''™"°"' °' '-"■^"^"""' ^-^ = Troop,' S.ra.hco„a 

Ager, RoJnson. McRae and ly^^r WeTJ o '^' T' ''*«"«>•"■'. 
cover and no. an enen,,- in sigM e. wlwv .he "*= T "T "'""' 
go. within eigh. hun.Ired yards of'.he ridge when ^77 T' .""" "= 
flew like hail all aronn.l u, and .l.irtv fi , ■ °"*^' '"'* '«^'' 

.o cap.ure k. Von shoulTk e .s^" *;■"!"„ *'*'" '" "" >o— k 
and give .hen, ho. sho, a. .he same .ime- hu .heir time?' ^^ '""'''''' 
on .hey flew after us, an,l .he lead Kep. ^^Z haT '"""■ """ 

.he ^J^Z!:xx:::z-;-^:<tT t r ^-v-'^^ '° 

enemy in,.o our men who were coneeal«l ™' i.h ''°"K '^'^ ''••"'• »>e„g. wi.h 6fty of .he infan.ry iXd'hem On ""'"'T'"^ "">• 
sure ricory for .hen, and gaini^g^^I a. every jun.nT,, °f" "■"■ 
cu.-off, .he lead singing al, aroun'd us f™ S S^7C ^n^ 
they came like so many demons, but alas their ,im. „ , " 



, in conveyinK (o Lord Sir-,M, J„ '«'°"' me. I shall have jjreal.pleasure 



him by dl't °e„th't '*■,' '■"'«'*"''^" "'l-'-'io" feu for 

man'sButi, M ^ e f ^'*'™"^"' «i'l' the enei.iy „t French- 

BrBcf;;:t„ZTr trrit 'L'' T°"""' '"'^^ ''■»' '■^'"^^^ 

married in ,8go Alarie FM„,' T 7 ^ '""'" «"i« later. He 


the Je„'. " """"'"" "'™ "■'"' "■' "'""•" "'<>" '"0 »f"v« n.«ial. ,o 
Lonl Robert., General Buller, the Duke of Connaught, Mr Chamber 
la,n Lorji Strathcona and many army and court official were pre^t 
Ar Je K'n« -nd Uueen were accompanied by the Duke an., ^uc":I, of 


Lol, hteele thanked the King and assured him that all thel>eoDle of 
Canada were ever ready to defend King and Empire ^^ 

th.'e^L'e^T.^^re^rrs.'"'"'''"'''- -"-■'«' -h officer, and 

bIo^"".h"ro™ Tr'?' °'™' '"^«' "■= "' "^"' = »"«' ""' fi-i the 
riv^edthr "'\',=™« ""■' "" «Krf man, whose white beard 

?r ! ^ TJ "" """''' "' '"^- «" "^""^"ed the >pot where Alexan 

KmK, and Edward met htm with extended hand and gave him a kindly 
greetmg, wh.lst Roberta, Buller, and a dozen others vied with each other 
to do h,m honor. It was the man who mised the regimJit, "he ToZ 
Strathcona, whose name the regiment bears, and if he lea"; no orter 

"ameT'L";""" ""' '"•' '" '^"«"^'' ""^^ "hen many anmhe 
name has been forgotten. The King and he stood side by side the su" 
l«ams chased the shadows from the snow, the flag, rich i^ Us w«hh o 

alin:"';b b'"'""^?^'" "■^•'^^«=' *-»" «Beecho^rang"^Lg 
agam to the cheering of onr sons who came to us across the seat. 


r„ll^^v!'^i^*','r'''"'P"''"'""°^"''"'>'^''"'''» H°"-«^in London, is a 
r^^l^ J'"- "■"'^"•' Union jack about ,-i fee. by 3K fee 
The staff «nchly mounted in gold, with Ussels hanging from tht too 
On the staff is a silver tablet, with the following inscriptln ^' 

• Presented by His .Most Gracious Majesty Edward VII., King and 
Emperor, to Lord Strathcona's cot», in recognition of s..r^.ic s r ndered 
to the Empire in South Africa in 1900 " 

It is possible the colors will be placed in the cathedral at Ottawa, if 
the corps is not kept up. ^^•^mi, u 

Part V. 

»lght Hon Baron Siralhcona and M„unl Boval 

(■• t- «. 'i.. L. I.. I).. |., c. 

£«ii*il/,)n M.>;i Ciiininis«iiiner. 

Knrr tn'.ii.l ,!. 

"'•■ >^i mitf stone 

•VHii ctear as sttuiiKhfs upper mbc 
»h«i siBthiig „■„ Caimilian riMs 

■ppiwiated l>v those whr, 1,^,. • ' ' li<'«evLr 

".is vast Do,„i„i™ ■ ;^„ ", f """"?^T °f "■'" P"""'^'""" '"- 

of the Tiuies" is set down with ,!, '" '"" ^^■"'"'•" 

.^teps by «.hich.^stratZ;,;'t t^■™:^^"rh'"■"• "%^-^™'- 

--.ecker in a w,l,l forei.-,, i. ■ . ^ "' ■"""'^ fortune- 

^^PM-vHsin^:.:::;:^"^:,;^;-^ -;■-'.-„.,.. 

motto is ■■i^i.T*. ,tii>Po-" ■ I-oniship., 

great ul.imj^^ri,nl^'7\ °T """ ''""'«" ^" '"' 

Which cventn.,>:t:Lu:r.™: ^t!!:::::' rr™- 

other dime. "-■ ' """' "* ""■•* ="'<) even 

s-.'^: M:::tr!:rs:t^r "f ^^ ^-^ ^' -'— -^ he,„ve,, 

.0 Canaric: """"" '" "'•' '-ordshij/s late v„„ 




tlie ram 

fxjurin^ ,l,,„.n in t„„enls 

ind tlie thirac: 

I' PH! 



P«rt V. 

Rllht Hon. Baron Strathcoa* ..d ModM R«y.|, 
G. C. M. 0.,— L L D.,— P. C, 
Caoidlu HIjh ConnUilontr. 

Rare mind ! firm as the granite stone 

From out thy much loved Scottish hills • 
Soul ! clear as sunlight's upper zone 
when smiling o'er Canadian rills 
However deserving the subject may be and h„„. 

of the Times" is set doC^th"due"d"l™ „t" ?ht '''"'""' 
steps by which "Strathcona" arose from ttT' "'%™"°"'' 
seeker in a wild, foreign land t^ te th ^"""^ ^°"'""- 

"Witt . raia pouring dowa in torrents and the chimes of St. 


rO« THt FU I 

G«oej»'i ringinx out • niBrry pnl of wtlcaim, Lord Sirathcolu ud 
Mount Rd)«1, Canadian IliKh Cummiialontr, hat In hand and fnlUng 
happily, ileppni liKhtly Into hii carriaxc and wai whirlnl off to hia honn 
thia norninx by thi willlnx handa of the man of JlcGill. amidit th« Kml 
•it nnption evar accordtd a Canadian citiien. 

A gnat roar want up when Lord Strathcona made hi i appearand. 
He waa accompaninl l)y IMncipal PitarKn. and amonK Ihoaa pment 
ware Prof. Adanii, Prof. Cox, Mcian D. McNicc.ll. aacond vlie-pmident 
and xaneral manancr C. P. R.. and Thomaa Tail, raauaKcr laatrm dlvl- 
alon C. P. R., Lieut.-Coloncl Hamilton and Major Wilaon. 

Hia Lordahip waa aacorted throuxh the thousandi of people preaent 
by a aquad of police, under command of Capt. Read, who aucceeded in 
Xcttinx Hia Lonlahip aafely through the crush. 

Arriveil at the entrance to the aUtion, Lord Strathcona waa placed in 
hia carriage, from which the honea had lieen removed. The McGill lioya 
•Urted oil amid roara of cheera and drew HI lordahip along at a 
amart pace. The great body of atuHenta fell in liehind the carriage, a 
vehicle conUining the repreaentative* of the medical faculty coming next. 
Then followed the acience men. the aru and law, each with a following of 
»-igoroua, atrong-lunged ahonten, lustily giving utterance to the varioua 
data yella. 

At the Windsor every window waa lined, and a hearty cheer .' .iJt up. 
The proceaaion went up the Windsor to St. Catherine Street, and along 
to Sunley. Going down Stanley to Dorchester Street, the proceaaion pro- 
ceeded dilectly to the High Comraiasioner's residence." 

When Lord Strathcona arrived at his house he addressed 
the students as follon-s : 

"I feel deeply the kindneM of your reception and ita heartineia, and I 
hope that I will have the opportunity of m' 'ing you all during my short 
atay here. The reception which >'ou have given me today will rema*- 
vividly imprinted on my memory during the remainder of my life, how- 
ever long or abort that may be, although I cannot in reason expect that 
many more yeara remain to me." 

At thia point a crowd of students interrupted his remarks by giving 
him three cheera and a tiger, and before the sound of this had died away 
aome one in the crowd asked : "What's the matter with the Strathcona 
Horae ? "to which the crowd responded in the only manner which could 
be expected of them. 

As soon as quiet was restored. Lord Strathcona said: "Yes, gentle- 
men, they are all right. They have done, and will do their duty like all 
the soldiera of the Queen, no matter from what part of the Empire they 
are gathered, and the same as McGill will do its duty." 

Loud cheers greeted the conclusion of His Lordship's speech." 

rot TMK rijui 


™dowed ,h. ».rae. Yet, characterialic of th, L„ .nrf 
.I»o of .11 great mind,, hi« modesty ha. caused him .Th' .* 

in Imited^aco, to dilate upon L valuab 'e i wT^nhe„.»hed philantrophlst I shall close this brief 11 in 
the lanKuaire of one of th. ™,._ • • "Ketch in 

the people and ,he hon.„r«,nf IHs W^u 1 ^'"■"' "' 

collefelaXl^nl^mtrhl^^hTb^^^^^^^ *-" » 

rail ■ *'Ai;^*iti J , uniu m answer to the 

that heavenly crown TiHh^H, -arthl,- laurels to accept 
that silvered head, and uplntat "iTdl "hLnXhT^id X 

^-our of hisstron, .oun/mthSrdl:t:r.^C; 



gazed abroad, with prophetic eye upon the trackless, bound- 
less, grass-grown prairie, and saw on it the happy homes of the 
myriads yet to be." 


Though fairer than exotic flower. 

Though sweet as buds in May ; 
All earth-bom beauty hath its hour 

To bloom then pass away. 

That mind which soars to loftiest height 

To which the finite may, 
Is compassed by the mortal blight 

Which bounds its little day. 

Thou ! essence of the Love Divine, 

With pure and fervent ray. 
Dost through the gloom of sorrow shine, 

And smooth the roughest way. 

Thou love ! which levels every heart 

United 'neaththy sway, 
Shalt blossom till all clouds dispart 

In immortality. 

P».rt VI. 

Incidents of Canadians, etc. 


houi* had a white rag of some kind displayed in its «-indows A bl^ 
Lmon Jack was run up in the centre of the town by Gen^lW^^en thf 
band played the National Anthem, and the town was ouT It had bl^n 
a pretty place, but at the time of writing signs of plundeTare to be^e^ 
wth on every side. The famous Vaal River runs by her" 
At , ^;;''°/**™"""8 'o «' b-v 2 o'clock, the first since Sunday night 
^™- rV '7 ""' ■"'"* '° "« '««=' ">at they (the BoeL were 
commg back. Just then we heard the infantry- fire, and I knew the rumor 


casualty hst was small compared with that of the Boers Zj,T'^? 

firi^g'^:^"'" "'"'-"''"''•'"-'■ --°'<™cr"„d,''r^^^^^ 

The artillery did most of the work that day so thev were riven ,,, 

^^"ZLnzf. '" '" ■'"'■ ''•' ""'-^ - -Tx-n-d" 

We were engaged twice the next day 
after^hTk'r.rf " ?™«' f """Pos^i mostly of Montrealers, joined us 
TJZ ^ IT ?T ^'^''"^ "' °°"K'»»- Since then we ha^e maS,ed 


.We I ^n", J "J""" '" """ *"■' ""'• ' """"■ "-O tha° wa/Zm 



to desist. But they had simply mistaken the hursting of the explosive 
cartridges for revolver shots. After the firing ceased we were all day 
bringing in the dead and wounded, and it W9s just about sunset when 
the former were laid in their last resting place. The General read the 
burial service, or at least tried to, for there were occasions when the brave 
man completely broke down, and his sobs could be heard at every point 
of the line. Frequently he had to stop altogether. He afterwards ad- 
dressed the troops, and told us that he had been filled with admiration at 
our gallant behaviour that day." 

The story of Colonel Pilcher's raid to Douglas and the action at Sunny- 
side, in which C. Company (Toronto) of the first Canadian Contingent, 
played so prominent a part, has already been related. Although the 
importance of the action has been overshadowed by the more recent 
bloody actions at Paardeberg, yet the Sunnyside affair will always be of 
importance in that it was the first time that the contingent had had any 
of its men under fire. Fortunately none of Colonel Barker's men, ex- 
posed as they were to the fire of the Boers, were killed. The march from 
the camp at Belmont, out to Douglas, the rough ground over which the 
Sunnyside action was fought and the march back to the camp in tropical 
weather was a tr>-ing experience fi>r our men, but at the same time one 
can be certain that none of them uould have missed it," 

"Mt Boy." 

" Pathetic was the parting on the pier at Halifax, between a mother 
and her soldier son, a member of the Second Canadian Contingent. 
She had come all the way from Quebec to bid him good-bye. " 

The wide world may awake at the sound of that voice 

Which pointeth a nation to power ; 
As the crowds who have bowed to his wisdom rejoice, 

And hail him the man of the hour. 
He may stem the vast current of popular thought; 

He may lead, as with bright wizard wand ; 
But the speech and the knowledge and wisdom seem nought 

In the clasp of a mother's hand. 

The whole earth may resound with the clatter of hoofs 

As his chargers go forth unto war ; 
And the groans of the dying re-echo the proofs 

That his triumph no mortal may bar. 
While loud vaunts of his courage and tales of his might 

Are in-bome over valley and sea. 
The fond mother sees only, in halo of light, 

The boy who knelt low at her knee. 


He may rise to the summit through honor's bright walk, 

He may sink to the lowlands of shame, 
He may wander where crime and where infamy stalk, 

A loser in life's double game. 
The gay friends of his fortune his friendship may boast. 

Or the worldling may know him no more ; 
Yet, crowned with fame's laurels or classed with the lost 

One leal heart loves on as of yore. 

He may rest 'neath the sea of a far away clime. 

Or adown 'neath his native sod ; 
The mother will weep while the seraphim chime 

His welcome to home and to God. 
She will long for that land which no sorrows may mar. 

For that bliss, with no shade of alloy. 
And the glories of heaven will stem brighter by far 

For the sake of her ever loved boy. 


M ^??'!;- ^\.'^- ^""*'''* °' ''■ Company, British Columbia and 
Manitoba, d.ed Feb., a6th from wounds received at Paardeberg on iSth 
Feb., 1900. 

D. Stuart— B Company, London, Ontario. 

R. K. Baker— C. Company, Toronto, Ontario. 

S. Maynard Rogers- D. Company, Ottawa and Kingston. 

C. R. Fraser— E. Company, Montreal. 

H. / Pelletier— F. Company, Quebec. 

W. A. Weeks— G. Company, New Brunswick and P. E. Island. 

H. r, SUirs— H. Company, Nova Scotia 

W. C. Good— E. Battery. 

When the war broke out, a Canadian boy, William Cox, a native of 
Maugervdie, New Brunswick, was building a railway in the Transvaal 
When hosulmes began he went to Natal and joined the South African 
Horse. He was at Potgieter',, Drift when the crossing was effected. 
There was a ferry boat on the Boer side of the river, and Cox with seven 
others of his squadron swam over to bring tlie host back The Boers 
opened fire on them, but they went on and brought away the boat, some 
of them swimming with one hand on the tow rope and the other down in 
the water pushing as best they could. After a ,ew moments of slow pro- 
gress the rope caught on the boat in a way that made the craft 
unmanagable, whereupon Cox clambered to the deck and in the face of 
ahail of bullets, cleared the rope and enabled his comrades to handle the 
boat. The gallant fellow was lucky enough to escape without a scratch 



T C. Waswn, fonn.rl.vofthe48th Hightandm, a famous handler 
of the bayonet, was at Victoria on his way back from Klondike when the 
war broke out. He was too late to get a place in the Royal Canadians 
but at once started off for South Africa by way of Austialia. The first 
direct news his family got of him he was in the hospital at Kimberlev 
with two wounds, one through the left lung and the other through the 
left arm. ** 

Wesson was in Roberts' Horse on the march to the relief of Kimber- 
ley and was wounded in action near that city. Lord Roberts shook hands 
with him and congratulated him on his spirit. 

From the Klondike to Kimberly is a far cry, and Wasson is one 
of the few soldiers of the Queen who travelled more than half way round 
the worid at his own expense to get a chance of fighting 

Rev. \V. J. Cox, Anglican Chaplain to the Canadians in South Africa 
writes an interesting letter from Cape Town, describing scenes on the 
troopship Laurentian. He says : " The Sunday services are fine Holy 
Communion at S.30, with an old box covered with a Union Jack for an 
altar. At 10.30 the parade service took place, and I never saw anything 
finer. They ng up a sort of reading desk covered with flags. The sing- 
mg was glorious. I never heard the like. For accompaniment we had 
an autoharp, two violins and two banjos, while the Setseant-Maior stands 
out and beats time with his whip. At 6.15 there is a voluntary service 
just a lesson, a few collects, lots of hymns and a short address. Lasi 
Sunday night they sang for two hours after it, and as one of the officers 
said to me, "Fellows who can sing like that, all those old-fashioned 
hymns they learned at their mothers' knee, will make trouble for some 
one when they get into action." 


The " Times " correspondent with General Kitchener's column in 
Gnqualand, has this to say of Col. Hughes' services : 

• ' The loan of this able oflicer is not the least among the services which 
Canada has rendered to the Mother Country, and it is to be hoped in the 
interests of the Empire that larger opportunities will be found for the 
qualities he has displayed throughout this expedition. One is often 
tempted to wonder whether our array might not make freer use of men 
whose experience has been gained in commercial oiKanization." 

Sidney Vicary of the First Contingent, writes to his friends at the 
Sanlt that the Boers have heard about the Canadians. He says- 

" The Sergeant-Major of the Remington Scouts told our captain that 
during an armistice to bury both Boer and British dead and remove the 
wounded, the Boer commander wanted to know where and how soon 



they Mould have to meet us. He said that ih-v l,„_i 


officer met his fate It ITat v!merV% > 7" '"' ''"" "" ''"""' 

v.ew, where he succumM. He lies buried with otl.e , olZtl f„ 
green field below Three Tree hill. ^ '" ' 

^c: :rt^crx'r^;r^- -- - -- 

i„_l n„i_^., V ""*' P°"'"" of the advance Kuard of 

River, a distance of nearly one hundre.1 miles 4mo„.,«. ft, i , 
^eau perfonued by .rneof the Canadian fo.e Z the Z mf„7o'r. .i ' 

TB^r^Xhr"""" '"""' "'" ■"'-"■ -•"■ «- -r'ho ;':> 

London, July iS.— In a despatch, dated to^lav T.„r,t d„i, - 
tribute to Lieutenants Borden and B rch Hr^yl ^ „,!: w H' f 
while gallantly leading their men in a counterTtUck 0^?:, '^: 
flank at a cntical juncture of their assault on our position LZT 

London, July 2,.-The Marquis of Lans,lowne, Minister of Wnr 

death of the two young Canadian officers. Lieutenants Borden and ffirc 
mdefeuchngthe British position in the fngaKement on luK ?6 ™n 
glowing tribute to the Canadian volunteer!, Lying ° Wh^n'^'eThL 
who wrote that telegram and with what feelings he Lst have wri^e' it 

I — 





I think we may say no more touchinK tribute could he paid to the 
memorj- of the hrave younx represenutives of our Colonial forces.' 

Harold Borden. 

Son of the Minister of Militia. Killed in action 
near Pretoria, July 16. 1900. 

Oh! well may they weep for their darling asleep 

In a far-away African grave ; 
Nor hearken the song which the sti nn-wraiths prolong 

As they ride on the turbulent wave. 
For the heart strings yet thrill for a voice that is still ; 

But the echoes of ages reply 
"Though sad be the parting and keen be the pain 

It is sweet for one's country to die." 

On fair Blomidon's height falls the shadow of night, 

And darkens the white-crested wave ; 
Since the light of his home lies afar o'er the foam 

'.Mid the hosts of the loyal and brave. 
For the heart-strings may break and the music may fail 

Yet the past to the future shall sigh 
"Though sad lie the parting and keen be the pain. 

It is sweet for one's country to die." 

The Canadi-is have been receivinu great praise from General Knox. 
He acknowledges their valuable work in frustrating the attempt of the 
Boers to take position on the Koomati River and in protecting the con- 
voys and infantry on the return march. The Canadians stopped a charge 
of 200 mounted Hoers who had come within 70 yards of their rear guanl. 

The Bloemfontein correspondent of the London 'Daily Mail,' describ- 
ing 'Greater Britain' at the front says: 'ToCanada we take off our hats. She 
hassent us, beside other worthy representati,'es, a regiment of infantry 
that wins admiration from every soldier for marching, endurance or 
fighting. It can challenge comparison with any battalion in Lord 
Roberts' army, and that is .saying a goo<l deal.' 

The 'Morning Standard' correspondent, describing the capture of 
Bloemfontein, refers to the entry of the Canadians as follows : ' They are 
fine, strapping fellows, broad-shoulderetl, clean-limbed and blue-eyed. They 
swing past with an easy stride and a free gait, conscious of the strength 
and pride brought them from the lakes and mountains of Canada. Their 
boots were out at the toes, stockings undarned, breeches torn then mend- 
ed and torn again, but every tatter and every stain was an honor to those 



could have 1«„ pasjr,, aT , „^7 » >nKade," he writes, ■ hu, if it 
London „a,v. ^^C^lZ^":::^^^'^ »™"' ";- driven 
•'-rugKlinKalonKnnderacloud of dus^wi.oZl.rhl.^^-''''^ '"'■■"''>•• 
^ee„ the prim soldier in time of «"« That hTl^r "'"''•"'"""«' 
h.n,self into thi, ^rim, virile C^r^^^'ZlTr^'T'"'"" 
hungry wolf faces, everv sort of f«™T . """^S '"«», hawk faces, 
i» a man smoking a pTi^," J "r"P' »""'' °"'^- "ere and there 

mo.thavesw„r,h/facran.l e^Ln,. r " ." """" ''"' ™""'' '"" 
features impassivi buf^lur Hel T ' "'"' '>'=''»'-=>-"»« and 
workmanlikrapronsi„,rt ,tirkr„ f" T" "' "'""lander, wn.h 
months on the veldt ■G^'mu^^, h """"' ''''•* "'"■ '""^ 

sergeant glanced. AVha^^ee " f ' m ' "'"* "^ *'^>- P»»«'- A 
s..otU,Ura and put a touc^rof^Ingr^^o t^t'^r "=" ^'"'»-'' '"^'^ 

s.ran";rar:;ew'"ronroiYe::;^Thorr -l""" <>- -'-• 

-ne man a, springs fron, the westet praHe ""^""^ '"»"'>• '"^ 

quick."';tyhre"a'';:unTi«entrf .^^'"'■'''^ ^-'■^■' '- '■'"i -" 
under a shadow of danger °°'' "'' '^'" •" ""^ -"o '"'e alvays 

ra4r"^^^dt::rigS^::^r::r^""""»" ""-■ 

upon their shoulders, and the EriH, h L H T f "^ " " "'"P'" '"'< 

;Ho. maple leaves .side the^;r;tSrs\a-rerf^a:X! 

f^mouuir''"""^'"'^"'"™'"''''"'"''™---^'-. can best ,. toW 




ordered to adt-ance in two lines,— each, of rourae, in extended order- 
thirty yard* apart, the nmt with tiayonetn fixed, the second reinforced by 
fifty Royal RnKinccra tinder Col. Kincaid and Capt. Boileau. 

In dead silence and covered by a darltneM only faintly illuminated by 
the merest rim of the dying moon, * with the old moon in her lap.* the 
three cnmpanie» of Canadifln!imovtd on over the bush strewn gniund. 
For over four hundred yards the noinelesa advance continued, and when 
within eighty yards of the Boer trench the trampling of the shnib Iie- 
traycd the movement, instantly the outer trench <rf the noer» burst into 
fire, which was kept up almost without intermission from five minutes to 
three o'clock, to ten minutes jmst the hour. Under this fire the couraKe 
and discipline of the Canadians proved themselves. Plinging themselveft 
upon the ground they kept up an incessant fire on the trenches, guided 
only by the flash of their enemy's rifles, and the Boers admit tliat they 
quickly reduced them to the necessity of lifting their rifles over their 
heads to the edge of the earthwork, and pulling the triggers at random. 
Behind this line the engineers did magnificent work ;carelem of danger 
the trench was dug from the inner edge of the bank to the crest, and then 
for fifty or sixty yards out through the scrub. Tlie Canadians retired 
three yards to this protectirn and waited for dawn, confident in their new 
position, which had entered the protected angle of the Boer position, and 
commanded alike the rifle-pits of the banks, and the trefoil-shaped 
embrasures on the north. 

Cronje saw that matters were, indeed, despemte. Many Boers threw 
up their hands and dashed unarmed across the inter\'ening space ; others 
waved white flags and exposed themselves carelessly on their entrench- 
ments ; but not a shot was fired. Col. Otter and Col. Kincaid held a 
hasty consultation, which was disturbed by the sight of Sir Henry Col- 
ville, General of the Ninth Division, quietly riding down within five 
hundred yards ot the northern Boer trenches to bring the news that even 
while the last few .sliots were being fired, a horseman was hurr>-ing in 
with a white flag, and Cronje's unconditional surrender, to take effect at 

Of tlie three Canadian companies, the foremost and that which 
suffered most, was the French company, under Major Pelletier. 

Meanwhile, a few fonual preliminaries were being arranged at head- 
quarters, and General Tretyman went out willi a small escort to meet 
the Boer commander and his secretary. 

Lord Rof»erts, in the plainest of khaki, without a badge of rank ex- 
cept his Kandahar sword, awaited the arrival of his distinguished prisoiier. 
'Commandant Cronje' was the brief introduction, as the Boer swung 
him-self off his white pony, and, curtly answering the Field Marshal's 
salute, shook hands. ' I am glad to meet so brave a man,' was Lord 



Ijeinif interprettrt li)- Cronj- secrtury. " 

;'Pa..rdel,erg tattle Krounil i, wonderful to «e. It .UKKe,t, a na„d.. 
n.j,um-,he wrec . of „at„„ by delirium tren,™.. TrearthT. 
W. '^I^ 'Trtrir "y "■""-■;-- ^■""""l -th trunk,, cloth „K 
c^h,' nhv .ir^ "' ' ■"; """■''<"= "™PI""»!». •■"ken rifle,, ,helte 
c oh,, ph>,c and ,p,nt lx>ttle., old letter, written in Dutch, diell, 

vihat not Behind the first trenche, stand the ruins of Kore, of vehicles 

"n^i? The::":r^Tl''^' '-"" ""'' "•' '">"■"■<■* -"1 '•- ™ 
remain. There are buck w,-,Kons. ambulance,, .,piden.. Cape cart, itun 

X3.:;t,;';^r '""" ^""""' -" ""-"• "-• ■"-™*'"^- "^ 

vou u'ink'n;! rr "" "^•".' ""-^ "P"" '»" "•ountain_of what, do 
J ou h.nk o, e of compre»ed hay and one of oat,. And lx>th were on 

of i,^: KlJ^Mar A TTl" ■" '"' "^"^'^^-^ Regiment, bv^er 
foolLdf , ■ "L""" "''™KK™»"'W"K away the precious 
food, and does not n.ean that the Boer, shall ^et it. Awaiting the toreh 
wa, another great hillock, made of a thou«.nd .„xes of bi^tdt, A^d 

?u"h I'war" " ""' """^ """ """ »■"' °" ■'"" "«"- - >- 
Such is what must 1* endured by Tommy, by his uenerala-av and 
by the Duke of Weatminster, who has been glad to .»r^w a bUei e« 
this, and SIX feet of the veldt for his iKd." 

True Heroism. 

" He, Roland, lived in the midst of the most trying .urroundinifs a 
qu,et,unosten^tiou,, Christian life. -.*. He iLl noranid ed 
gloriously."— Seigtant A. Mellish. 

Ri^J! VTrrrr"" """^ '" P™* ■" """ Christian soldier, young 
f^?^,; I ^ r 1"°""- He died worthy of that met;ir flag 

for which he foujjht. "-Captain Weeks. meteor nag 

Not merely on the field of blood 

Doth hero-heart appear ; 
But in the haunts of human life, 

In every worldly sphere. 

The hero-heart is he who dares. 

With courage and with zest. 
Pursue the upward, onward path 

With cleai, unblemished crest 



.<e'er ninkinx that idtal low 

Wtiicli fonin hii hencon li/ht ; 

Ne errtooping from that lofty plain 
Which inarlu hi» moral height. 

Oh ! heron of the camp, the worM. 

Of force, of soul, of mind : 
Yours be the glorious Rax to lead 

To battle all mankind. 

at pLIrt^J*!'"',' ^"''" ""■' ''""* "'»«'■ '«■"■ -' Companv G. fell 
at Pnardeberg, the former on the iSth, .nd the latter on the ,7th. 

These are mentioned in the despatch to Lord Rohert.<: Lieut F V 

HuZ' Z " ^rr""' *^'*""' "■ "■ "'-.n. King's Canadian 
Hussars ; Sergeant Panlon, Duke of York's Own Hussars. 

r^neral Hutto,, (. her gives details of the affairatKlip Kop, which 
have already tjsen reported, -vuppwuiin 

as totteZv V ""?" ■""! ''""'' "' **' '^'""' "•'^ '""^ "■= river ,0 
as to take Khp Kop from the rear, To this cleverly executed movement 

the General attnlmtes the .success that followed. 

•• B.t^r„ 1, . ."'■ '" "'"^"X '" "" P"«"i«t'"rK battle, says:- 
dv^r Ahi„r " '"/J"' '^' P""""" 'ay Canadian dead and 

tZ^J^^ f %«°""*'«' "»"• ■•«"" 5<» yards away, was seen to 
be tO-inn to make for our trenches under a hea,^- fi„, but was at last 

"^HT^f , ^°" °"' '-" *"'"''" "" ^'"»"' •" '- -""ow- 
ns hands as ,f for assistance. Suddenly from the left of the trenches a 
form was .seen to c ,mb the earthworks in front of our trenches, jumping 
own tomakestnught for the place where the wounded lav, ibou? 4 ' 

Ind .H^„ ,T". T "' '■°" "" ""'' " '"" ""'^'■ed the wounded man, 
hU 1 , ^ ' "'•" ""' '™ '""'• f" "■= P°<" f="°" had breathed 

im last. Seemg ,t was of no avail his would-lw rescuer walked back over 
the ground he had covered, and although bullets whistled round him and 
tore up the ground m everj- direction, he coolly regained his trenches 
»lth a pipe stuck between his teeth. I have since ascertained that his 
name was Private Thompson of the Royal Canadians, and although I do 
not know whether his case is one recommendd for bravery or not still I 
have never, dunng the campaign, seen a case of such coolness and pluck 
as that displayed by Private Thompson," ^ 



of the Rojal Canadian, Bok.r arcl fmm M ? ' """' '"°"'" 

alonx th. Il„,, took n. .mpty wX J^* "* ' ■''"■»« an,l, walking 

"yi-K in their p«.i,ion Privat. s^»?l i ■ °""'""''''"'™'""' 
P-.rd,.„K. ItVa. on the Inh prh™ •'■•""H"'«l'«l him«If „, 

»oun.l«l.,hat,lU.artofh.™i?™ Jr ™7' ",'"" '^"" ""'ri' »" 
the firinx line when he wa.", TnT! •"''"""r'- •'rivale Harri. wa. in 

injure.1 comrade-. c-ondiZ h ' .«i hir„:i1""" Tf"" """" "' "" 
Irenchea." ""^ "P »"'' Mme<l him hack to the 

-n.e\To"fhetmi"rr.h':ra„'rr' "n'"""'"- -""«'"- "■' 

trenche. hailing from s,\h„ '' '""" "" """» «« '" 'h» 

hrave°"b:;'il' ree ^.7 ^ " T T '">"■ *"■"■ -^'"^ -^ ■>" 

Cr^nje and hi. anr-v/ ThlflL i, at.r°T ?' '"' -^'P'"' °' «-"»■ 
breadth. ' ""^ " ''"•" "x'-t feet in length by four i„ 

Dou^rrofi'.Th'^Hri '^■"'"','' "^'■--' »■•' 

having had his eyesight de.t"ve^a„T'' r""''"!'" South Africa, 
«ent .o South AfL'„i:ht:'r'nrconti^e„"''"^"- '"'''' "■"■«=" 

you -d"rr„ru"a7pri;aTE?„i:?°' """'■' ""'"'"-' 

from the war, «,id: .j th!nk U wa, ,h , r L""' "''° '"» '«"^"«' 
Toronto. When Color-Ser«a„t Shri- '*"'^- "^^ Beattie, of 

Beattie wa, brave enougi^'car^hir"" "",""""""'« '" '"'arm. 
Both crowed without rec^rvingXraVrT't' '""^ ""^ ''""« "- 
»»cape,: but, never,hele„, a hrave dlLl Xr« ' »°"' - """' '''"''' 
ward, died at Bloemfontein. He wr^he fZ'' '"' ''""■ '""- 

Canadian rep,e,en.ativeo,theL:tH,h«al^' WiUiam Beattie. 

wounded. Foufoffhel™ ' '"I'^-^-P^'Malloy, ^ «. R., wa, >^ 
-e upon a body of Boe^wt 1^^ ^^ tn°dJ^; 



«M wounilol, the liullit entrrinx «t Ihe rijihl eye an<l ctitlinx nwoj- the 
liriilne of the no*. The Cenadiani returned the Are, which, however, 
•oon x'rt hot, aome two hun<lre<l Boen pottinii et the Hitle henil. ' of 
the othem turninx to Trooper Colllnn, of the P. I,. D. C. mIiI: • ..Uii., 
Ihl« liifetlitiK too hot, we muM net out of thia. " 

Melloy.whowu lylnxdcwn hiirdlhltird rEld' "rtn't Uive me 
ColHna; xlve ne your hind. I will try and wellc." 

^ " Vou lie there, Melloy," wu Ihe anr.rer, "and I will never leave 

you." Owinx to Collina' lefuial the little liand drove off the Boera and 
each man of the C. M. R. captured hia priioner. Whea Malloy »aa 
taken to the hoapiul, he aitoniahctl the doctora hy helpinx them dreaa 

^ hia own wounrta. Trooper L. W. R. Malloy ia an OtUwa lad, who« 
father fouxht at Windmill Point and hiaxrandfather atChryaler'a Farm. 

The telexraphic information that the Rev. J. Almond. B. A, Anglican 
Chaplain to the R. C. R., haa decideil to enter tlie Imperial aer>ice ia of 
intereat to many outaide of the circle in which he moveil prevloua to hia 
appointment a year ago. Hl> ci-reer at the front haa heen unmarked hy 
aenaational incidenU, but steady adherence to duly, aslf-atcrilicinx per- 
formance of work of an arduuua and trying nature, tud a constant ami 
cheerful »al hive marked his connection with the regiment, and have 
lifted it above commonplace compliance with rexulations, and entitle* 
him to an honorable place in the annala of tlie first contingent. 

The Marquia of DuSerin and Ava, writing to the City Clerk of 
Ottawa from Clandelioyne, Ireland, thanks the corporation of Ottawa for 
Its resolution of condolence on the death of his son, the earl of Ava. He 
says : " I ask you to convey to the Mayor and membes of >he nmnici- 
pality, in my own name and that of Lady Dufferin, the expreaaion of our 
deepest gratitude for this signal mark of their sympathy with us in the 
death of our eldest son." 

Not for years have all classes of society in St. John more sincerely 
mourned the death of a townsman than they did to-ilay when the news 
arrived that Capt. Charles F. Harrison, of the second contingent, had 
succumbed to fever in South Africa. He was the eldest son of Mr. W. 
F. Harrison, some yearn ago St. John's leading flour merchant. He held 
a North-west medal for active service in the Riel rebellion with the 
Queen's Own, of Toronto, and wa? actively associated with the St. John 
artillery and King's County Hussars, up to the time of his appointment 
to South Africa. Capt. Harrison was prominent in Masonic work and 
attained the thirty-second degree. 

Capt. Chalmers, who was killed while gallantly striving to t«scne a 



fallen contrntte. wn» a Kradiuite of the Royal MiliUry ColIrK«. KiitKoton, 
Hiul a vctenin of the North-Wcrt rc>irnifm. He wait hmiy IniitiUnK a timoX 
from Kilmonton to the Peace River when the Canailian :iluunte<l Rifle-* 
whm niiitetl. He vulunteereil ntiil wai appuinteil an officer. He wa» u 
native of AnihemthurK. Ont.. and wax untnarriefl. 


" Chapliiin 0'I.carj- has l>ecn specially mentioned in dexpatcheii, and 
will protwWy U- HWiinleii the Victoria CrtMs." 

" We Iny for fourteen hours on our faces and hands with Imlleit 
flying over nur headn. But notiody ffincheil when we i-'w Father 0'I.ear>. 
68 yearn uf ajfe, walkinx about, suiilinK and talking to the men. lit- 
helped all night lfM)king for the wounded and performe*!, next mornJnK. 
the last rites at the griivis of our heroes who dieil." 

" Father O'Leary has tteen seriously ill with enteric fever. Should 
he recover he will lie invalidetl to England." 

Fair Soul of Music ! wake for those 

Who fear no timch of earthly ill; 
Who breathe upjn the storms of life 

And lo ! the surging waves are still : 

Oh ! that wearisome march of a hundred miles, 

Over kopje, and river and glen; 
Yet he faltered not, fell not away from the ranks. 

But trod with the youngest of men. 

Tlirougli the rain-swollen wave in the Modder's be<l, 

With the watery flood shoulder high : 
On, on through the sand-drift, and blistering heat 

Of the sun of lu African sky. 

On, on through the desert, where hunger and thirst 

O'er the region of silence held sway: 
\Vhere alike beast of burden and owner of soul, 

The weak from the strong fell away. 

In the dense hail of bullets on Paardeberg heights, 

On the open— he sought for no shield; 
But smilingly walked in the dread flring line 

Some help or some comfort to yield 

Through the long night of horror, when battle h^d ceased. 

With fingers oft damp, dripping red, 
He searched, 'mid the darkness, that crimson-dyed field 

For the wounded who mixed with the dead. 


And when the bright sun of the irornitiK looketl down, 

And smiled o'er the streamlets of gore. 
That siWered head bent by those motionless fonns 

Whirh would litart at reveille no more. 

ThouKh prized lie those badges vhich laurel the brave, 

And precious thu honors they bring ; 
Oh ! what are earth's pluudtts, or riches, or rank 

To a son of the Heavenly King. 

Sweet Spirit of mercy, and comfort and hope ! 

When from strivings of earth passed away, 
Thou Shalt bloom 'neath the glow of a kindlier sphere 

And the light of a holier day. 

Why then should we weep that thy eventide sleep, 

Draweth nigh, since, the burden laid down. 
Thou Shalt pass to thy rest, high in home of the blest: 
Rich-crownefl of the conqueror's crown. 
Chaplain O'Leary, the only clergymah allowed to go forward at first, 
marched with the troops, attended in the firing line at Paardeberg, min- 
istered to the dj-ing, and helped all night to fetch in the wounded'and to 
bury the dead. He was idolized by the soldiers of all creeds. 

Fa^'icr O'Learj- speaks in the highest terms of Rev. Mr. Almond 
and Rev. Mr. Fullerton, the two other chaplains, remarking that they 
Were splendid companions. 


Sir,— I have the honor of placing on record the noble disposition, 
self-denial and generosity of the true Christian leader. Dr. H. G. Barrie. 
of Toronto, whom the Young Men's Christian Association sent out with us'. 
the Canadian contingent for South Africa. Ever on the alert to give 
Christian counsel and advice, always on hand to assist materially every 
man, he has fairiy captured the soldiers' hearts. He has been a brother 
to us all. 1 have some experience as a soldier in the field, then as a 
soldier, accept I beg you, this tribute to this man's noble work. 
I have the honor to be. 

Staff Sergeant, 

Canadian Contingent. 

Lieutenant Wood, of Halifax^ was the first Canadian to die in Africa 
from wounds received at Belmont, Nov, loth, 1899. 



After the fight at Bahuschagne's Nek. 30 men of the Colonial 
Mounted Infanto- were left in a donga over-night to guard a uounded 
officer till reinfoiremenu should come up. During the night this small 
force was alUcked by 600 Boers with one field gun. but thev managed to 
keep the enemy at boy. General Gatacre wired a special order com- 
phmenbng the men on tlieir coolness and braverv. 

Pnvate Malloy (of Winchester, Ontario) escaped the fate of eighty of 
lus gallant compatriots at Paardeberg, hut at Bronkhotst Spruit a Mauser 
bullet traversed iiis temple from side to side, with the nsuU that his eye- 
sight .s gone forever. For a youth to haveull his hopes and aspirations 
in life thus destroyed at one fell swoop, and to be able to declare that he 
has no regrets for the past, argues the possession not only of splendid 
courage and cheerfulness, hut a philosophic mind such as even a patri- 
archal patnot might envy. He otKved the call to arms because he felithat 
It was nght to do so. and having so decided, he accepts with manly forti- 
tilde the vicissitudes of fortune whi, h have to him been so hard to 
bear. We do not wonder that the company of eager business men who 
interupted their operations for a Ume that they might honor the Canadian 
heroes passing through the city, had great trouble in choking down the 
emotion that surged within them, as they listened to these noble utter- 
ances, and gawd into the sightless eyes of the youthful speaker. Sight- 
less eyes truly; but Mr. Malloy haa also a soul which is unconquerable 
for he wound up his little oration by leading the cheers for the Queen " 
—Liverpool, England. 

Our men are standing the fatigue and the intense heat with great 
pluck, and their enthusiasm is most contagious. Our long marches are 
enhvened by Canadian songs in both French and English, and all are 
eager for a battle in which they can prove their mettle. The heat and 
dust IS dreadful, but all are well," 

Ottawa, June li.-The following message from Her Miiesty tile 
aueen has been received at Government House, in response to one of 
congratulation addressed to the Sovereign on the fall of Pretoria — 

"Balmoral, June 7. Grateful thanks for kind congratulations on 
this most satlsfactr>ry event. 

(Signed) V.R.I. 

His Excellency has recei<-ed the following despatch from I^rd 
Roberts : — 

Pretoria, July 6, 1900.-1 have much pleasure in bringing to Vour 



Excellency's notice the good work done by the First .nd Second 


tor theirgallant conduct and soldier-like instincts 

During the attack bv the Boers on Katsbosch on June 22 a small 
l>arty of ftncher's Creek men of the 2nd Battalion displayed the J^«e 

u^lthev" 'T'T '° ■'■■'^•'■oW-K i" check a'fo'rce of r"^! 
» horn they were largely outnumbered. "w » jj 

Corporal Mordan and Private Kerr continued fighting till mortellv 

.rrid h^-rh^-r«r-"'' '■*"'""- "—^^^^^^^ 

Breathe softly that name which the famine-struck breathe 

In a voice which through hunger is faint- 
Tlut name which the soldier in laurels doth wreathe 

For to him 'tis the name of a saint. 

Not in Afric alone, not in warfare alone, 

Is the Red Cross of merey anear; 
But wherever disaster, by fire or by flood, 

Bringeth ruin that badge doth appear. 

In the shell-shattered town, on the frozen heights 

On the terror-struck banks of the Seine, 
The naked were clothed and the famished were fed 

And the wounded were nursed in their pain. 

That Cross is a badge for the kinship of kings, 

Is a hope for the sorrowing throng. 
Ah! weak is the effort of language to tell 

Of a life which out-soareth all song. 

Since earth is the better, since heaven is the dearer 

For such visits of angels that be; 
Great Spirit of goodness be Thine to support 

In their richness, those lives lit of Thee. 

„i.h?"w^«*°^" A'"^"""* "" "■^™'» °" '""^ "Corinthian " last 
night was Surgeon-General Ryerson, Canadian and British Red cZ 



LaurenUan •• and „ho, as an official at the seat of «ar, had an abnndant 
hTcr;i;„' "■;,^'"^'""% ;""' -"-K-ent a.d the saMen, fetet o 
theXn^d "\"'"'.™ '■' «« «"i° «-« entered Kimberlev after 
therehef and look with h.m an immense C|U„ntity of stores for the 
'TT, ,^" ■"''^''■'-"'- Speaking of the Colonids, he Sd ■ There 
«ere another «=,ooo Colonial troops in the am.y. i„cl„di„x the Can" 

J2 ^ I "■'■ ™"'«nP' '<"• »" Colonials, bnt no» it is xenerallv 

recOKn,^ U,at without the Canadian, and their fellow cZnal, tl e 

«ork perfomied by the trregulars both in the scoiuin^ and in the line of 
battle cansed a great reaction in the minds of both officers and men and 
now a Colonial can have almost anything he wants. 

It was my special work to see that the Canadian sick and wounded 
were carefully „ttend«l to. They wanted tor nothing. Even wish^h^ 
could express was granted owing to the literal resource^7 ha at m • 

adlan boys, and they were well served. Then also the toys who w-^re 
convalescent were furnished with cash when they requiredTi^ 

At the Kimlierley hospital, after Paardeberg, there were a hundr^ 

I'tit'^irk'Vhr""' "r ■ ^" -' "'■™ -^^ ---rrrtntr^si 

auMingnnk. Their wounds we. 5 in many cases in a terrible condition 
owing to the lack of dre^iing. often serious wounds had^n dfeS 
with nothing more elaborate than tobacco juice. They did not r2S« 
any proper treatment for day^in some cases weeks. Ho^verthev 

mL „/ . ^ ■"' -^presented, from the youth of fifteen to the old 

d^l^'amrg'them^"'^"""""'""^^ "-'"""■'- ">- — '- 

T„„f, '^'"''*'''>' <="'■ Ry^'^'n caught veldt fever and went to Cape 
Town to recuperate, when he went to Bloemfontein and establUhed a rS 
fn^tuthl', '"■ . '^' B'oemfontein hospital was he larget^ 
in Sou h Afnca, and it was there that enteric fever made such 
dreadful ravages. It began in April an' ..creased 4 moidlv that 
eVrv";! '""^ *r "'°""''* ^' '^"■"'' -- O"- »"" it ' 2d,t 
couWdl Vh Z"":;^ * "''^'°" '"•" """^ »" "-at human W^gs 
!nH Bl The Canadian nurses did excellent work both at Kimberiev 
and —nteir. b„. „nfortuna^ly toth Miss Horn and Miss R^chard- 
«>« got the entenc fever and were dangerously ill and will t^ 



fever, wound, and dy«„te JThi, Z„ ^'" ' .•"'''''^" '^>'^ "' '"teric« ^ felloTst^nX rt' r"''^".7r" ''::'^'' 
long trenches. It wa» a terril.l. .■ , ™« ""ead were buried in 

.om cut by their i„::L„t^rk ' '"" "" ""-'-'»«- "eariy 

^.n. certain that they .arrieda^^S'dluattrLr ■"■'"■■""• '' 

M. of her noble lifeVlTkVextfoL'n''"™'.''' "" **' ""'""'I 
such a loving interest i " h^ .™-l m '^"""' ""'' """ "'""J" *own 
soldier's idof ^' """""^^ -Nightingale ia the British 

concert at C„ve«ri:T„,irP:t';^'r;"re"^ " ''"'"' ■""""'= 
ance of royaltv nobilitv ... i . , ^' ™ere was a great attend- 

J500 to «.f J «:h '■•^le btruTV;' '"^ ■■*" "' ^'^ "'"^^O '">"■ 
of this one concert. '"'"" "^ ""«'' " "-e proceeds 

^_,Lauy Roberts and her daughter. did much for the hospital in South 

beha^X^rf'^eCs'Td'cT ?;" "■' ^'' "' ''''^- "" 
timely gifts just receivS^^ °' ''^'"°" '"^ "'"' K'"'™' "">« 

<®'8"«^> ROBEKIS. 

tohi:i^^":^-:':^-;:l^----vedsofarinresponse^h™r^rtbe„'^^;' '^''- ''■ "='^'" ''""'^" "■- »- about 
could have go^. buTwi^LT "''• """■ "^'"^ ''"' '° '^'P' T"*"' a""! 
"Ot p,«s him Wva e ,'t^, '°T'" '"^ '?'"■=*'-. ""d «>■' doctor did 
an affliction of th^lungs „" the Ad th^ '""r "'"' '"" " '■^' """ 
quarters. The convalLen^srrthf .?„dCdtn-n'"r^eir-:;^ 



flrat in five months for Private McHne T .rf it 

the «.ait««e,. Btside, her th™ .L ^ "^ °'""°"^'' '™» °"' •>' 
nursing. """^ ""* ° K""' ™>iy of the nobility 

St. John's, Nfld., Feb 1 1 — At tl,- f„-i 
XewfoundUnd U^islature, calle,! for Keb^'aTv","/ .T"' ""'"" "' ""^ 
proposeavoteofjl2o,oootowat»kth.l,l!!- ,' ?' "" KO^^ment will 
i» unable to .„d ^ vohXtto 1^:,^^^.""^' '"""■ ^" "■"'>'™>- 

'",in:^;,*;;:.:p^-'r'-;-^^; Of our ambition realiid » 
Sisters Forbes and Pope .t Kr<»nLd! T '"? ',"' «?""«'""'»'". an,l 
con.e here. Neither ^e!^,™" ^^ih'Td t ""r' "'"'""' "' '" 
came as we wet* all very hapov ,!,! . . °"'"' •"" ^'""ce ix 
hospiul. Our superintendent w^s'sornHirf '" '"^^ *'"■ ''°- 3 
Bloemfonlein tot'e prinC m«li™w ffi* f Z""' '""' °"« "-i''""" 
where we we,.; but the a^s^ r"atet^M? '° '""" "^■"*'" '™-" 
order that we should be in Bloemfonte^Mot "■" ^' '^'""' *'""-*'"'' 
one days grace. We were verTrdth tdl . oT i"*^ "" '*'""'' ""'>• 
friends, whom we h.-,d been ,4^ '°. T ^"- 3' ""'' «" <»■' 

■lelighledwiththepros^ :"etU "'.opV'™"":' """"*'■ '"' »"-' 
on Mc .lay, noon, reach'^g ?,ilfo„«,l';^"°"f- . ^'''^f Springfontein 

jhere on train and left at 6^ m on bo^d 'a'y Ro " " '""""*' ™"' ^'^ 
Pretona. We were preceded all ih, „.k^ •™n enroute for 

track had been destmyeT^ i^ve,^l 'L ' "" i'™™- '' '"""■ '»' «"^ 
However, nothing e,cithuthaDTen?dfl.r^ " ''" "^^^ P"™us. 
we reached KrooLadt, whe^'^e'ti" ? .r'- '"'•='^''>- ""'"« 
visit«i the other sections o No , T ""Pf;'.'"' "■" "Wht. Here we 
the Sisters Pope and Forbis TheTh^r"' '■ '"""''""' "^'^ i"'"^ V 
tion, and at the station met and ,«a a h ndl"ak%"' T"''' °" "^»•■- 
was down to meet Lady RoI«n and ,,!.,''"'""" ''""' ' ■^'».' """ 
way up we had a few trvLTexLrien J ,^1"^' '*'"*"^'- O" "ur 
•Springfontein who should we Lbwc"?'' n\"" "' «"' °" *»»'<• at 
Pretoria. We were glad to ie I'm f„ "^ ° f*"' "'^ °" ''i' *ay to 
we left the b«,t, Severn n ontS^p ™± "V". "o ""'" '™-" ''™ ^i"- 
"Wy left without a lunch to ^1"^ tS"" «■"»" ""d I very fool- 
dinner at Bloemfontein, for which wi "fid 1 "'=',■,,'''''''' ' ""-""- 
breakfast time came we found ™rsrKrst^.r '"^' '""''■ ""'^ """=" 
W.tried in vain to buy bread atri^irs" ■T.rtrsU.Trr'r. 



Thsv liv.„i «« k" to Kroocstailt ami jonied the others 

kn„.s each, vio.eta and r„«. c. ,„e ^Ih.e, and eveo-.hfnno«„ ' '"° 
lliursday noon we proceei' A to th*. im-i, i. ■* i .... 

i?s ' ;r- • -■«■"•"''■■-• "-^ "™ «" t:;" 

There has been fighting only dx miles off since we arrived I,,.. 

They were stationed eight »,i,es out, and he »a, in for ™pX T.^^; 

saiu. How httle did I think, when you had that cau. fnr »,. ,u , .? 
next time I shouh, seeycu would he in' Pretoria m° ?h"„"he^o„d dav 
we were here who should happen in but Dr R^hLZl \ ^ 

doctor for three months at Z.iZ^ l\Z^Z\Tl,Z''r" 

den ,„ the face of the sentries. Our mails are very slow to reach us h^e. 

Ill dtaM "y, ''"^^"' "■'"■ '""^PO* "■" ■">■' canno get though 

The climate here IS quite warm, although it is winter (I shouldnThke 
their summer land violets, roses, etc., still bloom in the rrdens We 

"^VonnaHU's:.!.^""' ™ '" "-^' ^"^''^"^ '-">- - P— <- 




Whtn KniKerar<ISteynwere at Petnisburg exhurting the cornets 
and comniandanta a man KalIop«i in .homing, "The British are cotninif " ' 
Kruger stopped short and cried, 'Inspan!' 


Madame Alice Bron, a rich Belgian lady, who went cut a. a nun» to 
a tend wounded Boers has returned. She has known her intenUon 
of pubhshing a patitphlet, which will t« a strong indictment of the Boers 
She says she has discovered all the vices of the corrupt and decaying 
counto, and asserts that the Boers are hypocrites and liars, and thai 
even the late Colonel De Villbois-Mareuil himself had lost all Admiration 

pmg official :_•• I can.e to the Transvaal too late this time, but in the 
next war which wont be long, 1 hope to 1« in time to render some ser- 
v,ce,. we hope Mr. Daritt will repeat the re.nark to the IrishZllter, 
when they return from the war." rusiiiers 

It IS a singular f=.t that -Major John McBride," organizer of the 
Inah Bngade in the service of the Transvaal Boers, who was a candidate 
or the House of Commons in the recent bye-election in South Mayo 
received only 427 votes, while his opponent received 2,410. In Ireland 
asm Canada, apparently, only the froth and scum ami dregs of societv 
have any sympathy with the Boers. " 


The hospital train had Uken up its load at Modder River It had 
come from Paardeberg, only twenty-nine miles off. Authority had Uken 

.L \ , t r""]'" "™' '" "" *-««''"''• These ox waggons ha<l 
Uken bully beef and biscuit, ammunition, and forage ,0 the from, and a 
they had to return to the rail, what more simple than to fill them up n 

tblv ''■ .V- T ""= """"'^'^ '"''"'' '"" "«■" ■ "■'^3' •>«<> "" springs 
they we^n't built for men .0 lie down in, and eight men per waggon w ^ 
a tight fit. With their worn out oxen they took three davs over X 

hmh? IZ, aT"'^""'"^ ■?"'' "■■"' '"""^"f '"' "«» had shattered 
limbs, shattered from expanding bullets, and felt every jar Still thev 
got in somehow-uuless they happened to die on the roldi-and were pw 
between the sheets on a soft bed at last. One man sat up in his bunk 
quietly giggling to himself. 

■■What's the joke?" said the khaki-clad doctor. 

'■Only that I'm so glad to be here at last." 

Ninety-Eix of them thci^ were, and Ihcy mostly turne.1 over in their 



:.'r^c„err.or,L:>^. "-'- •>"">-- p»-„, ^l.j 

In the grey dawn Ihe train stonnei) at a wavsiil. ™m„ o ...• 
«.n „p in a W„ .„„<.,., Uanket^rp^'o^ ctl ^'48 w^^eC/ 

Pretoria ""foS in tf """'' """'"' """"' "' '«"»-'■■« » '«'•' » 
Snd """" ■ ™''""->™". "ho proved a very good 

Oft Bceniing simple, trifling cause, ■ 

Is hinge to very wondrous end; 

f. nrt doth a world of ill forfend; 
Or evil on ill's victim draws. 

One jarring note may start a strife 

Which fH:hoing from shore to shore, 

Doth rise into a cannon roar 
And needless waste of precious life. 

One graceful word may heal some wrong, 

May bring repose to tortured mind, 

May upward lead the spirit blind 
Till caught the tones of angel song. 

Thus goes it through the going years, 
Thus weakness takes the place of strength 
Thus shall it be until at length 

Heart gladness over«)mes all tears. 



Fu„°'- *™" *■""""' -"••'" ^"'^ ^■-'■' -■" «"-'o the Pa,„„,ic 

the first .lay the movement »o. iuaugiirated fo, j88 wa. ple-l^ed. 

"A Friend." 

We know not who the Ktvers were, 

Their rank is all unknown, 
What mailer ! since in of hearts 

Their feelings match our own. 

That mdesty which veils its face 

Before the noon-day light. 
Oft braves the world's supreme contempt 

When called to lead the fight. 

The tiny violet in the woods, 

The rose 'neath summer glare, 
Like incense.1 of a Hand Divine 

With fragrance load the air. 

Thus with the titled and unnamed. 

Since, lit of kindred flame. 
The outcome of each generois heart 

Accomplisheth the same, 


Captain Webster, of the S.S. • Milwaukee " .1.. ■ ... , 

veyed Cronjeand the B«r Prisoners trrH^^at;*:!!" *""'' '""- 





Afar on Scotia's lonely moor 
Ciilloden's raim doth raiw itii head • 

HuKe monument, through all the yea'rs, 
Of noble and JKnoble dead. 

For there the highest iu the land 
Before the Prince-horn butcher stood; 

A conqueror, by force of arms, 
A fiend to slaughter in cold blood. 

Not such those lustrous warriors 

\Vho boast no empty badge of power- 
Beyond each glorious teat of arms 

Rare, high-souled deeds of mercy tower. 
That monument which marks the brave 

WTiom earthly force had hunted down 
. Doth also mark the ruthless deed 

WTiich d med the lustie of a crown. 

Thus, o'er Culloden's cold, grey stones, 
While mourning music wails for aye- 

Full many a heart in Afric land 
Shall bless the foemen of to-day. 






JJi^hltdr " '■ '^""•'' "'" "•" ■"«'« "" ""Klc .ru. chid „. ,h. 


1, I, . ' wackncBs seems to iiet even more inbv Tt. 

bullocks cannot do anv more work Th, n«l,l. i .1 "' "'"* 

t.«convo.. nnderever,„a.o„a„^ee;:r^-;„r^.^>,,f;,-3™ 


rut THB riAo 

i"« from .11 ,h.,L,l, hr. ho,^,. B„, h ^""''T' °' "•" P'"- 

turnnl out to iinm Tli, „l™. \. .^ ''• '"'' "" '"•"ock:. are 

th.r.l.„o„,„X.i°' "^^^P"" '"™ ""• co„.i.l.r,tio„, however, 
_^ utmort, .n.l there 1. no greater ft of «,l,|i„lj c,„,i,j„ „f 


gran and nice„«,rU." Mlu"'wr"e " HuT' , '°" «""""««'''«■ 

Boers shelled the ce^efery,„ri„I^hL°.t^i"' "' ""''"'»<'"• '•" •>■- 
ment, being dug a"d ,tark ^^f ''' ^'"'''"« ""^>' »»" ™'""'^h- 

.archHght.^:fo„terthe;^rL".XX/dr• '-' '^' 

roH TUB Fl.Ar, 


to chatiKc from une tune to onoll er Anfl t,..>i .1, , "'■"™' 

m.„f, Ii„„, on,,,., „ ,„„,„„ air «. "fuHof ,, •. ^ 

At th. l..t , I cannot tell why or how it came al»ut ) l' grew to like 

.ml my «„«. M, p,„ „,„, „i„ ,,^ ^^ n'u. c „, r r«,. ^ • 

«^ rpTea«„"t"'^„"" ''"""'• ■^.""""K'nK -carlet chord, of tTe .," 

S'ni'r"* '"*•"•' '" "•^"^' -'H -•! 7;l:: nit 

WHhnothinK to connect me with their lan<l--e,cept that niv f«lh.l!^ 
.ended. caur«uf medical lecture, in EdinhurKS « c^l ,^1.^: 
ptpe. mo^•. m. and my he„rt xo on, toward their playe" ' "" 


drone.,, and the pipe „a, pa«ed toone of the men in the p!!.iem li^-e 



WTiat I was certain of was that I h.j j- 

were low apiri.ed and „„^.' " „ S "'""■■'>■■ F" "eek. they 
te»,pe,»men.-^ ""ve and^y 'one "„rwL°"' "•J""""- ^■"■'' " ""■' 
which will, a. time,, come up^ro',, ° «">"«tun, of melancholy 

' ' You'll not like to crack a irlr> .. 
'.me »" officer Of their, who wasCwlr err;; "'" '" "' "' "■» 
profane; and „y fellow-officers would sare I'thinV ',' """" """'' 

sUKKested champagne th. other ni„l i ,, >■ "" """' ""^ '''iotic. I 

until we get back our spirir The „« L"""' '"." ''" ""' ''° "■" •«-" 
officer, •• i» the pipc'that make them «,Th """ """"^ '" "■' 

. Krea. deal resentful, and stil, mo« meirneholv."""' °" ""'""« ""^ 

with thefrSgs J "'""• '""•'"*"«'>•■ • «■•»' "- .he pip« to do 


«}■■"«, first in one player', hand »^,1.. ^^ •"» what the pipes are 

men from forgetting fhel;'„1t,:7;tttrr"'r'"' ■'«'»•''' 
Once, a, the days passed when T """'-M^K^rafontein.' 

wen. to him for an expla^.tn of h Llrori" "'^'.",''«»'" ■' >«»-. I 

tryng to learn the lan^ge ofthe p 1"^ * "* "'""■ ' '"'' •«" 

no more understandinfThan a dogZ o "ptlT"."""' "■" ' «^"""«<' 

'«ween a kindly human tone and a "^ 5"*'"? ""■" •« distinguishes 

was martial and when another was mo^f . ,L'°'"'' '"" """' " '"W 

-^f any had-I would no, have milked i ' f ^T ^'^ °"' "»« <>•« 

may seem a very little learning brtThlT^l 'V"'*'- To some, hi, 
"like. """«• ""' ' had begun by thinking all the tune, 

men wtoS'imTsL^n'tmtliden^n^L ' 7'" " »"" ™'* "^'ween 
trills of ,ho« grace-notes t™, hey "alf '"' tl" °* k"" "^ ■"""" "'"> 
broken up by a rugged «,n of the hin, who 'ff' ".' ""'' ""'"' ™ 
flnnR from them a few strong clMr noL ^f ■'^'""'^ '"' "" P'P^'. 
•n who are born to a knowW« S ,h! l^ ^'""^ ""= »«=ntion of 

of .hose, but , called my so^^.°U„, "°L t T""- ' ■"" ■""°- 
played. . Well, sir,' sa^ he, "hT, McTn """'"' "h" was being 
". And hark, sir; he has the rirt o7 if "TCir. "*"" '•""^'^" h^ 
one his thoughts. He sa s thf, . boldly he is telling every 

(Wauchope, who's dead, wi a 'c' n nTand'skillf^'^""' '°' <^""'" 
above h,m, and 'tis late in the dav-now ,h . f '" "" "' ""^ man 


--r he scheming and P-r^-l^C^r^^^^t:^^^^^^^^^^ 


"?« Kjven thcm. They «emeS g^teW '" 1 ^"" ''">" P™""""' 

"d".- of Boer families IrL Preton^i"''"' T" '," "" '"'"■ T"'^ =''- 
The step was a wise one, however t/'"''"*-' ""i ""K^red the enemv 
"Uo„s, ,.re bitterly a'nti-Bri "h. VerX'^ ?"'"'' """« ™ ■>" 
and many of then, were living ,^„ f,«'7,'r„ ' ""^ °""<^' P^-P-rty, 
case, were exceptional. One won a7!.i" u !,1°"'*' '""■ S"™ of the 
a« weeks was proved to ,« the 7™" of f'"!""" ""■»■"« ""■<'- 'or 
f r;" ™"'^' '•"'"■■ She was con,~I,e] """i'"" »«", ten and, and te.sted that she had S Ih^ESsh ' """""' '""^''°"" 

„ ^j,_. UNVIELDINO. 

^^■'« ~ndrerc"hW,^Cmb'i.'. ■'^''' "''■ '^«'""«'<'"- ' It's useless. 
• -ve i!>uTow:"CUnf^ "'" '"^ •""« '^'>'°- <" '-e K-^nadiers- 

-^^ W^r St^-tv^tZ^L'"^-"^"^- — 
handkerchief, ,.T,bhe.' ""^ "^ all kiUed. Bring out your white 


The Boers at once cea<»f^ «„■- 

Wi.hconside,.hleskilu:;rc.'re" h'eXrL'"' '° "i' »-''»'i men. 
and then, Mas, F.n„ being near cartel ,h ".^^ "' '"^ '"J"«<1 men, 
was bestowed upon the unfortunCoffife,^ aTd I'^'V '^""^ "'«"«■>" 
were given them. I„ the course of tl,, " '°"'^'' """^ refreshment, 

m«i^ arrived, and victo^a^ vli^onired "''.I'"' ""'""'"" '"<" ""-y 
*^ Boersallowing their woundrt Sn ' t°f '" *^-''^" "> "'h <»•■" 
P«Ple. The corpse of Adj. the Hon L r "^'^ °™J"'y »•" "W" 

camp. To^ay it was to live ^«,„ ii;- JZ*^" ™' »'«> bo™e back t" 
relation, I^ Henniker, p^fer^" ■"^';r' ■" "'oemfontein, but hS 
Mar where he fell, so the Cv w^ "' !"' """"»» *ould be bunrf 
renting place upon the f^^^ld "e Idt^"^""^ '"""""J "> "» '»« lonei;! 
"'""•"••■""""•«•".» ..«." 

Thy golden Wstas blight 
^^ "«= not thy breath in sounding wrath i " 

But steady stand and fight. .^.^ ' . 

When travelling on the upward war ' ' ' 
Hold on! fear not to fight 


When jDothfnl morn of lulcyon dreun» 

qlvM way to darkening night 
Pine not for fair, falw mingc gleania 
But arm thee for the fight. 

The weaken coward, verieat knave, 

fu other low-eonled wight, 
Dare. bUapheme Hin who mie* the wan; 
Yet darcB not aye to fight, 
Oft hills high-aeeming to oor gaie 

• Get le« on cloKr sight; 
Thus, evils which oor visions raise 
Sink low 'fore honest fight. 

The darkest honr of morUl doom 
■ Fades 'neath celestial light. 

Fume not when clonds of darknea. loom 
Bat fearleaa front the fight. 

True conragt feare no human foe; 

Swear not, but do the right; ' 
Then proudly shall thy colors glow 

For God shall lead the fight. 


f., '■■""• **'P^"™«»i"<«»pit«l still continue to prosper and wa. 
I \ '.Ty""-' "> "»' '" *™ «"= ott" day. He^au «cIS 
n^nto«i„g man, and the half hour's co^nvei!^ ™ ':.r^; 
^^^^^- /" ^ '^°°"*^ •' Stellenbosch, the Ca^D^h 

s^^n^r^ "' '"""-'»» ^ "« ^"-"^ -.""c^rriif"^ 

knowledge of the world'- ' ^™ ~^ «« «»P^ J™- 1>«« • 

My """i the Boer prisoner shook his head with a wise smile 
^Ji^T ""'jr™"" of • W« English army in English news- 
W«fc W»t would be easier than for your commander-in^^Wef to ™^ 
d«^an«trahuud«d«,ousandt,oop.rpap.r? Ifl^i W so mT^ 
^why are you sending to India, Canada, and Chin^J 

" I did not attempt to exphuu." 

iLsenr (tbvbni. 


' Trooper Stev«u' 


• Doa't know; hun't turned np ' 

ding ta«.^'^L^J::;X ™,"" *'*«!!L"' '•"" *• "«-" «" -<>- 

of khaki. I, p^vrf ,0^1^"^:^ '?: """.""* "• "^ "P»" • l>"»dl. 
«m». dorf-to^IVpl^^^ %^^"* '".* ?.'■ ■■""• "PO" «• folded 
arm.,.ndf,«ntt.3"fclfth.rir.?f::;!.""'"' "^ <" "« ■""" 

. J-art blow acr^lhThac" '1.1"!;%?^ '"• T^^'^ *' '^>- 

ni»d h".^;Sn:'.^di::'';:^":a''-- ^^-^ «■"- '^^^.^o,. 
o-p.^^rrc^.'^r^/srer -«-!■•■""<.>.'. 

urg«.t that he had to «y. The^otJi^^!?^^* "^ ""•"'^■" "-• 
wiihed to see or .peak to hiln L . T.^ *' ""*" "»' >« »«■« 

the ne« da,- tte^l.?™ Se ZZ" '*' "I" -«" »• ««d. On 
• For God'. «ke Lp "pwl ** "HoH""* *'' "^ '^'"^ *» ■■""■ 
hear me.' ^ "•* '" "'"y youraelf atop and 

'Well, what is !•?> 

the colonel „ ce. bnt^^ ^ mT^« ™i' v "fi °''' ■"" -" '« 
I ™ wjUing, but I nev^^d^::,Thet;oi:^;=^- * ■"*"' '°''«' "■' 



and since that time it S^^al^ *"bl^^^^' T -^'^XXW-g khaki, 
nas aiwayi been worn m India-either iu drill, 

■ 40 


the operation.,' " """ °' '^'V throughoit 


which .r. hein;, ^mZuo,},! t. "^ "" "" '"""'''e mion. 
ration, i, .ha. „r.,"rof"c„„S..Jtr"""':!' '""" '°'"" "^ «'•■ 
although only , inche, in Wh a" ," iHn h "^ ^'^ '""-o""" «"■ 
nee,lf„li„^e,llent,foronrS f '' " '"'"^' »"<«!>>» all the 

only „, H„r„ iu^p^rand .T„"^;:f:r ' ""''^''' '■-• "•'•''^^ 

tlie tin. In the ab«.„crof other L ""^f"' /«>»n,nK being include,! in 

cient for the meal, Tane^'.^Yr'T""'' "■"' "'"'' " ""«- 
more «,lid repast. With ht f^^.l., *°',"f ""'" "'^^nohuin a 
carry abon. ^th hin. raVion, e^J,° .''IT."""'," ' ""™ ' '"'•"" ^»" 
five days, a mule can earn "fo ,L "l """* "^^ f"' '"ur or 

«aKon about 60.000. In addwj, o.h '■"'""'' "^ '-^ ""'' » Cape 
for thegovernment, large^u" «« : ahke „T "''"? ,'" '"'"« "'^"'^ 
.le»icc.t«ive«etahlesa4b^nKsLr.ou tl™°nf . """•" """''" 

.ne„la,con,p.c.„e«WnK, of c™^ a™ ' «, Tr' °' "-"""^ «8i- 
Oneof theKreatestcurioailir' in ,^' *™'" " " *«' ■commendation, 
although ju^ about the^»of In* „ lu^^ "' '*'■'"•»■ » «" ""ich, 
.0 make Lf a ptf of'^^^Srf ruc^Tnl"" '!! I"-"' " ""^"^ 
quantity of water In reaard t„ ,h. 1 ■ ! ""^ addition of that 
worthv fact that most ori^l I H^"'""'"' '"^"ablea, it ia a note- 

Continent. "^ understood to come originally from the 


Afric''=.:zr^y*f;,^trd,ta''i^"^"''>- -- -- '- «»-"- 

tinguished private sold™," or .I' ^, ^" '"'^"'^ '° ">» "ost dis- 
ing colonies. Aust^aNew^ZdT ^^'^ "' '''''■ <" "-e follow- 
fortunate m^ipienta were^Priv^ r. 1 "'° ""'' '^"P* Colony. The 
Infantry, H. D. CoutUNew^l^ ^."'"''"■i;''' South Wales M„„„,ed 
Royal Canadian Re^meut an^L a,^™"^"'.';'''""^' «■ Thompson, 
the* men has peT^rf Tct''^,'-''''''"'^''' «<>•«"»• Ho-^. Each of 

campaign. The ^arfsr^ ^R. l' emZidrufr" """•' '"= 

Rive'; i''rZn'f:m;g":::jei'p -r'th': '„' *™' ?- '•- ■"'- "■" " m-^"- 

»e.lyinginthehots^n?t^-X\-- - --7^ - we 


-ornin;,. , „«e„ ...o„',h, of hLe t„rr;h1"Lr """ "" -"" "" 
We have all lx»n slii/liHy miale,! l,„ ,1. o 
in*.' It,,,ake.«eali„;jLn»le«rffe^l?!."7' »°"' ' C".nn,a„,Iee,. 

RoI,en,,,a,.«„„:,„„;rj;;7™"^» "-If to many of „,. loM 

spirit in which „e who would " „ " Ll a ^^nT ""'l'"' """"" "■' 
"•K- Dutch Bible,, hor»«. and other mL. f ■ ^" '™n"nandeer- 

point on the veldt one o rZhs- Tff ' '".''" ■""■■ ^' " '^"""i" 
.M.rrf,aland«■„aCa„adant^tht^fa.Z,"H"^"■""' "' '"' "«'" 

• Here,' »,id the officer "Xre did f""""* ''•°"' •"" »«*'l«- 

• Co,nn,andeere,l "r^ir • *"" '™ '^' "«« '9"'» " 

hind r''H:.,rvro„l;:-:''="'""- «-■» ^"i Roberta j„« he- 

»«n5^StSc::s:;:t:^e^«:r"- ■-— 

them off a farmer clo« bj- "'' '""^ ''"" "'"""• He got 

yw.' -^ What is jour name.' I am very much obliged to 

c.nadt:x"^':::i*;';^°>-tTrd'' ■"'"' "■"•>--' "> •»• 

to part with i, as he Z ^ " "'""'''"• ""'' '^o-htles, very glad 


heing^ov:"rjLTbr;"nict':!i;L°':i,rr t '""•'■'-"■• "-«-' 

hor* in one of our Cerfe" ?n tie M ^ ."""" °' "■' •«""''^ ""^ A 
of shell, which split hZllH.f'"^'' '''''■'"''' Wt by a piece 
turned him loosest whtnhe sal l"",' '"''\™ '<«»-«<'. The driver 
.Iriven hack for ammuniUon heTan tht old „, " "T" "•■"■ '^'">' 
with the rest. When an officer pushS hL J t""^ '^"^'"^^ ^ack 
put in he gazed at the new o^ i^?h "'' '" """= """thw hor-* 

eyes. TheS he seemed:^: ^^HrthatthTZtr™"''"' ="'''^'»"'" '" "" 
he walked away and lay down^nd dirt Tul T ''°, '"°""'" ■"""• ="'' 
a bmken heart that killed hta "^ '''^'''™' 'hat it was 



th. hone. Mm to mind the hoIk of the exploding diellt They uke 
»o««„f U,en. than wedo. . «. Aoeingfn oB^-.^T. 
•PKe of open ground behind the .table. ,l the hotel. I hnd .lieadv 

^r It bn«.bontfiveo,d, y.M. .w.y. The biu*.nd XlZ 

Nowjon will hardly believe it, but when the dut and nnoke h«l 

^olettingd,dn-ttake.,«ond.-Ifonnd the mar. had «ill go h^ 


wbe^".°f^"" "°^"* ■ Ixttlefield two day. after an engagement 
r»^ ^,^^'' " ""■ '"■' '^'*"' '■"i'««™»l.i..^The 
offi«rpnA«iitoff, b„, the hone cam. b«:k and again laid it.h«d 
onto .rm. TLi. time the oH«r noticed that h.> coat d«v. «, 
JT^ !? "'.''"^•/:l!" "^'"'"^ "« "o* >■' '""nd that t^wh™ 

dlin. .hir l" *"f .T" "IT" °"- "i" «»■"'• *' o*"- <"d "« only 
d«.nt thmg h. conld do uid put th. aiimal out of mi«ry. Bverv old 
«my officer can tell of many patheUc atorie. of th. «n. 2rt 

B~^ . . ™['' 'o™«"" who wa. li.tenrf to or ob«ed by the 

to^„rT' r"'"^ "■* »^«'"™" "'■o aun. ont to t««.Mten^h™ 
to handle the Cr.u«« gun.. All,m:ht had been a „ long Zd 
wa.«, taav. that he obtained gr«it pow.rand in«„en2. A. an ™mple 
of hi. bmvery .t wa. .aid that at Mag«rfont«n, wh.n our i^lS^™ 
fngh^,ng th. B«„ ..rribly, Alhr«ht rtood up and „id : '^X™ 
IZ^ f-ru-^' ^'"'^ " ""n. for the Aell. to p«» on ^h 
TlM lT.„i^','""A'':" " ^"^" '•■■^'^' " ". ^id'^.ry.^g 

toldta.'ll^'^^Jl^' Frenchman of whom «.ch marvcllon. rtorie. are 
told m the Europoin newapapm-it wa. .id that h. playrf . difficuh 
and m,pl«.nt .ol. rimply becau« the Bo«. will not yWd ob^i.n« " 
«.nr^t to a fomgntr. Wh.n Cronj. w«i .tT.«,^ " •' 

VII ^°'* T"f '""' "'*'■ ' "■* •*"«"* *<" "«"' leave the nulwav • 
Vrt^ebo^ rephed that ther. waa ao much good «n.e Ind o^Zy 
cW.r strategy ,n their cutting loo«, f™m the milway and f^r^^ 
cordon around th. Bo.r army that h. wa. aur. they wouid do it 

vox TRB rULO 



When heroei fall in open light 

Where rival lieroei meet, 
I>l«g>»M may never link iu name 

With courage in defeat. 

Though cauiea differ, honor lighu 

Each wnl with kindred fire; 
And nobleit hearts, from higheit height! 

May diaciDwncd worth admire. 

^^^ .""' '"" "" ^'^"»™>' government calW for tender, for 
S^™r».:i™""?"^'"''^'"'»P'"" -«•""■ which to. „cl« 

h^ ^„ , , .^ .^°« «nu««lly limited. Thi. «.dd.n «,d 
noivitally neceaiitated by the drcumatances; and, further bnan.. ,h, 

mhill^''^r' '*^f^ " •""> "O" !«.„.. of hi. grey hair.nd 

heart with hi. lan„, giving him^d'th'^Tto'tk^li^r ''" "" 

oniyto°mrtio"iS:?o::ofTr:s^"S'°r'»'''^'^^'°'«'<«npinah.«k wa.'l^^-^milL'it'f^rC^L^'^ -"^^^ 



double that di,tai,M all of u!v^; . "'" '"'"''"<' >»"'•• At 

«»gon., „„„ .„d"ou«°rf;:, "." '"""" '" """>• "«" « -"'-1 «« 

time, a„„ prc«,„«d the in"„d.S rff^t '"t!." ' T,"''"'jr "" "«••' 
<Irew off the Boer. f,«m Sto™^ „d^f,''J^"'' " '■' «>n'«^ time it 


This .. the first time a chief haa parted w^h ore „f .h I ^"" """■■ 

.oom.,«hich he v«u.e.,„i.eaaL4s.'-x:i:dL:';rdurrjt 

«™rdLli^rr;fat'^rraWUe„ri'*''^'''^'' ''«*'"- 
of Lord Roberta • nib., i i. "^°'"* " Gitalin a lemarliable portrait 

•Saint. Rot^, ^J'^Zr.T' "lllf?""" ""'""""^""a" 
of figuring i„ rtain J^;^ "'"'• ""'"PP"*" to have the monopoly • 


the Jubilee. * "^ ^ '" "" '""""te aa a memorial of 

B.o.S:nTein!'al^d1^°Totv''e':^:'^ar r °""^ "^ «-" '- 
fnm, Kabul to Kandahar U.nJR„^"f^°'" ""■'"■«>. «" ""rch 

State condsted of. "^"^ ''°'™^ """>• through the Orange Free 


Horses and mules, 


Miles marched, 

'" ^'Sera'" '^''*"'.'" *' '°™ "»^'««' <>' ^ 
Horses and mules. 
Natives . _ 

Miles covered, 





Thia distance »aa cc l ered in Ws of aome ,5 milea ^7i.y. 

The economic aspect of the traction engines with the British anny in 


of thm n..chln« h.„ Mr,„„!ir OP«""'>K on Ih, !„„ „,,„ 

"ill paj- for iuelf i„ ,„ ^^j, "*"" P" 'on-mil., a ir„,io„ J^^^ 

Th.n,»,.. ™= *"^»' **« MEDAL. 

The n,«l„l p„p„ ,, , five-polntXtar . ■ "" °'^" '""«»' «"n. 


Fu.Uier.ero^.lo^^nLfl'C",.'""" "« '-Can. '"'. 
'"™>- •^"(('.t down fifty ™,sile« ^" '*.°°""'' " '«r, m„„""' *' 

«"1 Sej. Mill. „y, ,h„, had tt'i, '' ™ ' "ritable^untletofll^th' 
reported to be they could have Wh^ ,,^° "' >"^ *«' •» they .« 

™»l;"n* STtonCrrm^'n!'"''''-^"'' <" '^"•. On. and c 
..Ufriend,i.a.Un:;/y'-r„Srnr-'^^'^--'- -.,"!„• " '-err 

-o. wj- '^ -P- ^^^^^^^ ^,_^ 

Vou are a Canadian' "P°" '° hrni and he said - 



'<)« THK rwn 

•" Uw hinbhiM of ih, (i,M > , 

E«jrH.h or C.p.'^.lunt,,"^ ,.'p„r,r„"'^H"^ " "» «"°" '>' '-. 
with the qu.ri,l. i rt„„., TOB-Jlrt , T" *''>' J'™ Mcntlfy ,^«„ 

touched, all .K hurt/ '"" " <"« I»" of the Empire !• 

'fP^^1iXtZ^:i^!'""' '" ' """•• •»« -row hi. heard .„d 

«.nt^p,'JrwiX7.2^^f ;"•"■' ■»'" .of lb. c.„.di,„ regi- 

;::;jj-. ur.e.o.d.h.d .«««.^%';rd":rtrj;r"rr> 

«"r,!:r^ 'o';".:L'^lC-r''''°'''•-•••'"-'' 
"•u.mi«,doccur™^ In ,h? *!?• .^'" «K""«i Ih. h«vy 


Each officer of the m7Ji«._>«y, who convened ^Zmfr;^' '"""""^ individually ,„ Her 

Private B. R. a;::;^™* o, New B^r'i" '"■'■ 

^e Queen. Private ArmatrS .^ ,^'* ^^'ff , wa. al« p^n,^ ,„ 

Majeaty .poke i. the mo.. .vm,»S,rti" wa.t t?" "i"" *"■""■«■ «" 

I«»DON, Dec. 4._The M,^T„ ^. "" ""fortunate fellow 

Reipmentaudthe »n,po^te r^^Z.T^" ?' *= Roya, CanTdiau 
Vmriye.terd.,yby,h,^„,7f™;"°'»°"«hold Caval^. were i„. 

The Prince of Wale, the n„v ~, J^^ ^"«' B«"™cV.. 
C-mbridge, Field M.:LXSX't^'!'^ "^ ^°"'"" ^'^^ •>! 
Secretary of State for War Braderickwe^ S,r Evelyn Wood and 

ticpaled in the inspection. *"' """"» "■»« P««nt and par 

The Canadian officer, wen. ;».„j j 
i" a Wef .peech, hear^" w"^^'?? ""^ '" *' Prince of Wale, who 
"ad given great •^ti^Z^^Z^^'^^."' \"'"'°'>- »« «id thlui 
fought and he mourned with themth^ 1^ ?"" ^°"""">' '*"y ""d 
comrade.. "'™ *• Iom of „ „any of their brave 


«)R THK riAO 


"» men u they „„„h.u by wiihirT, *, ""**" ""•''"l l"'"^ 
•ml « Ihc end i, wa. almo,l Zl, H. IT '*" "■' *" 'oic. 5^1^ 

KHo.„i c„i„n.i ,„.„, h,. ,i;;^^,«^;>; :;f;»;;;»^';;^^''t «h.»«i „, J 

'OTO,,,.. „™,^ ,.„^ hia^v^Ler',""" "' "'• '"^ •hootlBg.C 
op." to ,l.e on(ani«r, of the Ca^aln .^ . TJ' "" P""« •»• >>«» 

*"'"'"' '""^'^ "> "» "^n- oftirzx.'"^;..."* ■« ■'" ""■ 
ja. ciL-a*ir^X"r^r^°^^- "-'«•■•■--. .<.^«,, 

to the column that ««'L>"ht^^t?ofKI™.'",*"°°"'"' •"• '^"^ 
«me.ttachedinim«JU,eIy,oirril.Mj!!"''"''*- ^"" ""' ••■• C 
«n W.agl.ti„K to Pretoria?^ ^ *""*"• •'««'• •»<« wa. with Wn.1 

Q»£*e« Jd"^' toVu^^'^X™'?*' "»'*'»« of the Don,i„io„, „w 
Africa,. „e,eo«,e„„i,,„,y^„„»;'''''^J''mya),ded hack f™„ simh 
th.m temporarily ,0 fo-^e^ the1r'Jcrifc« \ "?" "''"'"'«' '» '"-luce 
•how the. arid how highly thjr„„tr" "'^^'"'' '"«f«ring«, aad to 
-appreciated by an ff'|i;*?;-:tr.;rr'""*"''^'4i« 

Cot,. F. No™,„ Ray, of T„ro«o, fever. 


ro« rnr. riAo 

rte. G«,K. Ch.^m.„, of FrBkricton. f,».r 

We. W. Wendl, of Ott»wn, f.ver 

H*. John W. H.rtn«l. of H.lif.,, N. 8., f.v.r 

p»rt.b4 on" :?:;,«' ''^"" ''""•"' '•"""• -"■■"«' i» •-"'. of 

Feb."* """*" •""■ ^■•"' ""■""""■• «»"n1«l « P«rrteh,n, on 

«■ fS,'-,!'"'" "■ ""■'""*"■ ^■'""'<". "-•■ ""unl-O 0. P..r...b„K. 
Pte. li«,rgc J Gmh-m, Lon,lo„, Ont., f.v„. 
Hte. JoUn McLwl, New Bnin.wick, fe,„ 
He H.nk J., Nov. Scotta, fe„r. 
"«• John R. Ray, Vancouwr, B. C fever 
|te. Anthony H. T.ylor, Otuwa, fever. ' 
lie. John H. Coleman, Ottawa wounHnt .t n. < i. 
He. Roby Harvey, New Bn.„:;.rc™"e«r ^"'"*^ °" "*"• '*• 

he J^ank iSTh 'rf* ""■"•"'"■■ '"l-"' " '^'■»™ • 
™. rrank Bath, Hahfax, ninatroke 

Pte- F. W. InKlentrom, Toronto, fever 

h!' V 'i?' vl'!!'""""' -"'"' »™»"«ick. fever. 
Ite. M. J. McCarthy, Prince Edward I.l.„,l, fever. 

Majeaty: Col. I,. Buchan mJIo^ i To '*''"" •™'"'"' '■> »" 
Cp... A. H. »,ac.lon.rH. sZltf^w?'^- T"'''"''- «' "«'• 
Capt. J. C. Ma»n; Lieut A E Swm 'Z ^•.'^'■''■■": R". J. Almond; 
C.rp«-..r. A. C. Caldweli, ',. U V^TaVX^'^n.^l,:"-^'" "' ''• 

^^Jn7X::: "^^ ■^-™""'- -" ™'«"-5- 'o -eHe the ,. 
Ba^ineu ,ill be t.ntr:;';h'rr;nTnrh:Z'" """- "'■° ""• 

run THK ri.An 


■Itl« of 
»nf on 

«b. 18. 


I after 
A. E. 

fc ""***;;'»» '-«»J'''»- M. KoK.™ h.. pr»,nM to tl„ city » 

ttTal^T'^' 'r"l" ")',' "•• "-" "' "■"-"> <^°"«" "^"'^'- "^ 

H^r'M^ ««ll«lion, Capuln t, CompaBy, R,n.l C.ii«lUn R«in«nt 
and hy him pmenifl to th. city of Oiuw» , „.. ,« ,,„, **"""'• 

' ■ ^ ! )ov<) ■. .« ■ ; ehomtr 

" ' I )^ itiMt '» . . Idflan 

'^-•■^ -i .iu>Iy !■>■.; ,, but 

rciuine-I MiMicrs 1' . tbajr 

"■•■''''->■"' ''■ " '^i' ptg. 

WinnipcK ymtenlay, January lutli, i 
to her wni wlio liad done »uch xallan' - 
in South Africa. The lanctily of t'l 1 
nothinK »«• left undone to indira'c t. 
■ervlcea were wamily appreciated :« 1!,, 
• ••,.. 

3lit,— Mayor Arliutbnot nia ,1 ,,,1 ,. 11 ,], . .1 :ni.„ .„ j 
The rialuK of the kalian, officer ,.. ,.„ ,i;, , I „JT^: ''J^' 
..ration. Chjer. follows! cheer.. han,lU..fc.,..,, -ere " .:„"•:". 

Jolly K00.I fellow" w.,«,nKhy the enthu., I „: ,i„.. 

When quiet wa. f«tored, Hi. Worahii, , ., "teMiiin.iiljl which 
wa. beautifully engtMaed: >eM.i,..mU]. which 

of the Second Can«lian South African Contingent " 

rcta'd'r.'lie^eLT."' "^ "" '"°"'"' '" '™""" '■" '""»""»■' ""^ 
"We niarched 1.700 mile.." he remarkd in .pealcinK of the work 

brigade, but wete under Gen. French throughout." 

kJk^ ^°T^ Contingent wa. con.picuou. in the advance upon 
Kimhwley and Krved with great di.Uuction under Lord Methuen." 


»„H M '^"'^n °- *"»'^''°"'' A- B- Hodgin.. 8. B. Laybom. B. C 

0« f;'L°-^^«;,M"r.hall, C.S. Wilkie. F.D.LaJterty. Toronto. 
On. D. Co.-W. T.Lawle»,R.G,S.ew.r.,A. C. Caldwell. Ottaw^ 

p';. '■ *^° T"- '^^ *^""' ^- A- P"""i". I- Ledue- Quebec. G. Co 
-F.t Jone., J H. Kaye. C. W. W. McLea- N. B. and P. E. I. H Co 
-H. E. Burrtall, R. B. Willii^ J. C. Oland. Nova Sco.ia 



reward. ■"tnuon Dy Lord RolwrU, and are now reaping 

Ev.°/te'°LitB'^:'%„«n';:;rnS:T> "■\'-'- ^-- «•«" "»- 

I.e»ard, Major Belche Ja,^^.",? ^^ "■«■-!•'■ Col.. Buchan and 

Service OrdeJ-Capu^AiTic^nwrA' c ^f' .°„ «»"»«»'*«> 
Turner, Dragoon»i-Captain. cl™„ m i, "'"" "' '^«'' '•»°'- 

cona,-,S„njeonKeenan Lt^rfsHe'.nd, f^ 'S" '^"*"«'". StmU.- 


^. .BHti.h co.n.«a.-u. GovrHon rrrr *"r"- 


Pren^"^: Honrr! G';::La"°L^K%''"^T" '""' "• «• *"=»'""'" = 
Andrew, and John ArtaZo^ "^^ *'""'°- """'"> «™- A. J. 

MayorTotUwaH^K m"""'^*'""'''' J^'" Hon. T, W. Ro- 

^/a. «/M:^rid"ani"r^^r3-:,r4orrA"Tr" "^-^ 

Mayors of I^ndon and Kingston. '^^ """'"""l- Also 


«-«Ltgr;^r:VLr:IrUorwr""'^ P-inen^dnnng .he 
Kiled for sluth Xhica '°"^''°''™ ""encemost of the Canadian .^p, 

Aa a great military station with 1>. .„ • 
were taprovi«d the LviS E?hiWtioTtT ""'"""'■■ '" "<■"=•> 
»ited for the „K»pd„n „, the We tS"°°, f"*"K Halifax was well 
time, we« lodged within hVrW^.L'™''*'*"' '"^ '™ ^ 
featnre. in connecUon the« Jth wl^ w ^.^ r.^" *' ""»' "'"""K 
enced by the "boys" during th^^ ^l*' ^"""^ '~'»"' «P«ri- 
.h.nkfulapp™:ia,i„n froTmot^ei ^^d f ""Tl "^"f" '="'"<" 
Dominion. *'" "'' '"«■<•» throughout the whole 

such outcome Of hear.,.,. «.thn.i..m had not been witnessed for 



many a day as that which aurrounded tht departure of the heroM who 
went forth to atteit to a watchinK world what lovinj?, loyal aons can do 
for the consolidation of the Empire of the free. 

Amongst all the demonstrations of kindness which would linKer in 
the memory of those brave men, and tend to lighten the hardships of 
their after career, not least would he that of the smoking concert given in 
the armouries on January 19th; and amongst all the cheering which 
solaced their departure no melodies would ring longer in their ears than 
the characteristic, if not soul-inspiring yells of the Dalhousie boys, which 
broke in as an inspiring echo to the melancholy strains of "Auld Lang 
Syne," so beautifully rendered by the band of the Leinster Regiment. 

Amongst those who delivered stirring and patriotic speeches on the 
8e»-eral occasions incident to the farewell of the troops, were Gen. Lord 
William Sej-mour, commanding H. M. Imperial Forces in British North 
America; Lt. Gov. Daly. Lt.-Col. J. D. m-ing, D. O. C, whose forefather, 
have served beneath the «ag since the days of Bannockhurn, the popular 
Mayor Hamilton, Hon. W. S. Fielding and Hon. Lt. Col. Bordon. Crown 
Ministers, etc.; and upon return of the troops Lt. Gov. Jones, Premier 
Murray, etc. 

A largt body of troops, under command of Major Pelletier, returned 
on the Idaho which reached Halifax Nov. ist, 1900. They received a 
great ovation. 

A splendid monument in commemoration of those Nova Scotians who 
fell in the war will be erected in Halifax. 

The call goes forth; o'er all the land 

The message wends its way; 
Stout hearts and faithful rise in haste 

To listen, to obey. 

Out of those smiling hamlet homes 

Where falls the peaceful night; 
Along the crowded city streets 

They treau, with spirits light. 

The music swells, the banners stream. 

They proudly mareh along; 
Fair dreams of triumph flush the cheek 

And thrill the soul with song. 


Oh: „■»„,. a „,.ide,r,e,.e doth w«,. 

And „a,,v a ™„ih„',h«,r, lament. 

The darhng of her pride. 
Bu,, forth fc„„^^^___j 

To vanquish everv foe- 
Wiich none but heroes know. 

At home the vacant chair, 
®'*°,^'™'">' of the sacrifice 
Which noblest natures dare 

Thev^W " ""'"' ""^ ''™»»'. 

Their bravest and thei. best. 

'"'"Gtr.L'',l'\''"*' ""' o'"* "en, uave 
Vet-Oh. „'"'''", ,"'"■ ™">0-« sheen 

Ve.'l keep rt«,„emor>- green. 
**■ E. ISLAND 

afterwards amply proved not onTvTet^l.lrr''"''''"* '""^ d^i™ 
•heir ngh. to ,» recogni^d as cou ^^ut ° "* """"• '■»«' '«' •'«> 

«Hou.;r,^srB^'Srr;7r' r- ^^■--^"'■"-rris, 

P^ m, I^me Stewart earning desen,-,*™""""' J"' «f"»mg to 

P'Reilly fording the ModdeTRf^t'^^Hlhrr"''""- "' ''^'^ ""^J 
.n« by his sick Captain, and H. McKinnon r^"' °""' "■ """^ "«y- 
I»llon, with those others who, eitteVLv ..,' *•.*"*" ^' *■ """d and A. 
endurance of unwonted hard* II '^ " ''«<'"'"«roi«i> or .wtieM 
ttemsel™, h.veatthfsam?«i^r'rerec"wh'""' ""^ "avernrobS. " 
of their birth. °"' "=8~»«i honor upon the little island 



t«i,le«,l o,«Ca„«di.R.. to . ,p^u »«• the I^r,l Mavorof LJv„,«ol in 

li«nt,o„ f™„ the loyal inhabitant. „f NeMf„u„dla„,l- hi, .le- 
Lchment 1«,,K theonlj l«ly oi Ichaki-clad soldier, to vj.sit the ancient 
colony ; »^..le pnvate Lord wa» »„,„„;,,, tl,o« ,h.. were n«ive,l l,v the 
Queen at Windsor Castle. 

The First ContinKent which left 1-. K. Island consisted of v, men 
under comn,and of Major Weeks, with Miss I-ope as Nurse- and Rev. T. 
F. Fullerton as Chaplain. 


Fr^ B. McR^e, LeRoy Harris, James L. Walker, R. Krnest Wd, .Serxt 
L. Stewart. A. Rodd. Artenuts R. Dillon. Ser^f. A. J B Mell^ 

0-R.n'„^tLfr^ '!'''' ""'"'"■ """^ RiKK.. John A. Harris, J. 
O Redly, Hedley V. McKinnon. Roland I). Taylor. Pre<l. C. Fuw 

, t^v'T^M cr '"""• '■■ '■ '"'""'^■' '-'-' ' '-"^- »"^-i 


BouJerT','';,*'^''"''; ■''"'^ -^ '"'«°"' '*^'"'- -^ M-K«chern. John W. 
Bou ter. W, John Proud. Geor;;e A. Arhuckle. Wm. M. Harris Thomas 
A Gurney. Wm. C.Cook. Ro.»rt W. Cameron, Alfred J Ho"r Sam 

S'T-A'^Mct.r" "— "• ""■ ■^-"«'" --— -r. 

The Island contributed well to the Patriotic Fund and also low„r,ls 
he erecfon of a monnn.ent for it, departe<l heroes : while theCharlotte 
town branch of the Red Cross Society. President Mrs. C. C G r, iner 

r:rrmryorc" '°'^— ~>- "'^^'^^^^. 

llumtna^ons, processions. l«,nque.ting. etc. Iccording to the ,rs,o 
thepenod. amouR those who publicly „,loome<l them bvvoic Z^he 
senument, of the assembled crowds or otherwise, were Sir i H Dave, 
crown M,n, U. Gov. Mclnty«. Chief Ju.stice .Sullivan P^f^; 
Farquhars™,. Mayor Warhurton. Bishop McDonald, Judge F trJerX 
JudKe McDonald, Railway Supt. Sharp", J. F. ^^•hear, M P I- "c D 

K. C. A.,Ma]orH. M. Davison. SurKeon-Mnjor Jenkins, Lieut Peake 
Commander Spam, R. N.. Editors Cotton. McCre.,dv and Na^ and GE 
Hughes M. P. P.. who suggests the giftand who, in thenatne of g^tei 
ful people presented e.,ch returned soldier with a purse containing fifS„ 
w r I'T"' "■'"'"«'""« »"ice was also held in which Rev, I e^ 
V .Ihams, D. B. Mcl^, G. M. Young, R. F. Whiston, etc took f^rt 



L ^Tr, '^f fh ■""• '"" °' "■■■ '^"' °' '^""'"""■"vn. a„.l Capt. K. W 

fame'^""'" """■"" "" '"" "' ""■ ''™'' '""=)<" W"™"' of Catling c«„ 

U.-Col. Girouar.1, a Kra.luate of the Royal Military Colleire of K,n„ 
ston, 0„,., l,a, been knighted for hi, services in the wir * "' 

ha, ,et »a^h.HT? H ? "*''" "' ""= """P"*" '" South Africa which 
Rovarn^r.^! *',•""' "°" '■"" '"''P^'«' '" themu«.un,ofthe 
Royal Unite,! Service Intt.tution in Whitehall. Thia is one of the familiar 
Queen , chocolate bo«e,, treasure,! aa Her Majesty's Chriatmalri t^^ 

T^Z t.''"''^'-'«''«°' "'» -> "y aColonU. soldier, wL o'^hU 



Coir. -Sergeant 

Lieut. ... 


J"!"' - - - - 13s o 
Lieut-Colonel - . . 

Colonel J 

Brig.-General - - ... 2 
Major-General ... 

Ueut.-General - ... 5 
General .... -a 

Field.Marshal • ■ . - ." ,6 

6s 6d 



o a day 


ruK THE Ft AG 


Through invitation of the " Montnial «•., " 
thanks her accptancrXSZ ^™" '' »'=''-«'«'««' -'". 

Thon,»n. WolWIle^^eman^YlZnth" n"?' '"?'^'' "'«">■ 
Stellarton ; Pre, B BeXT MiHHw ^i , °">'' ^'^ Clerk, 

ftlce, etc., greeted them in patri otic o.te of welcome ' "' 



fnen<lly visit to the priiiiip.1 ports of the 

i«h Crown, iihonM pay i 
Kntpire lieyoiic] the Heas. 

th.I'tFJ'i"'^ i» nowl«nK reahze.1. LeavinK Knglan-l in April o„ 
the S. h, Ophir, »ith suitable convoy, their Roval Hi„hne«« .h. n u 
an. ,,„che» of Com„.„ „„„ v„r.. „},„ .'.Lti^: witK^^nit.h^'i! 

.h:rn:L:i.Mr^""" '" '"''""" "" ■"""■'-"«-»' '-aity 
...urtn^n'sX':- ' '"'"""" ""■""'"' """"" '""" ••^'"- 

,h ,Tt'°''' '.'" ''"'"''"" """"•"' "' Australia', history arrive-l when 
.n.l the cheer, of thou«,n,l» of loyal cilians of the Kmpire «,t foot o„ 

ne,l the f„,c of loyalty to unp.rallele-l intensity, had come. The people 
of th,s huKe new w„rl,|. with iu i„,„,„.. ,,J^^ „„^ ea^er y wS' 
thes.Kn. toproclain, in tens of thou^nds of voices the^ Iv "r he 
comtuK of Briuin's heir, and to demonstrate their love for tl Jewho Ip 
peared amongst then, as the livin. em.K«li„,en. of the mo.herrnd "^ 

nie estabhshtnent of the Commonwealth. indee,l, has raised Australia 

Rojal HiKhnessesis «,rv.„K to cen.enl the brotherhood of the Antipo.le. 
and thetr v,^ ,s regarde.! as a British .clcn»vle,lKmen. of theloyare"- 
vtces rendered toEuKland in her hour of p™»i„^ee.l. an,l of the prTu 1 
position attaine.1 bv the Federation . «n(i oi tne proud 

M^c, If b'"!;"'""''" ■""'■"" ''"■"=• "■» Melbour^'to^lav ^sX 
Mecca of thousands o, pilgrims from every comer of the continent. 
Their Royal HiKhnesaea are expected in a short time to reach Canada 

o the distinguished visitors and reflect honor upon the loving loy." 
Canadian children of the grand, old Motherland. '^ 

Afri™"thT,l"'' 7' '°*""'' '-'»"»■«■"» 'lie" '•" the Empire in South 
Afnca, that being five per cent, of the total strength of the Conting^"u 

The Southern Seas. 


A mother, serene in the (wauty of age 
Rich dowered of her purposes high ' 

°^t T"!,!" '*'"•"'• "" '"^ •"•■S"'^'" "f blue 
Dark cloudlets loom up on the sky. 

She said, and her eyes bore a sorrowing light 
Tis not for the home-land I fear • ' 

B.« the shadows fall fast on the well Iov«l heads 
Ut the distant yet evermore dear. 

Her breathings went out to the ends of the earth 

And over each mountain and sea 
Came answer, ■Oh mother ! though severed afar 

We are one m devotion to thee. 

• Though tall and full grown as to stature and years 
We would not forget, if ,ve might ^ 

That m nurture of childhood, protection of youth 
Thou hast steadied our .steps for the right. 

• We shall rally and follow where'er thou may'st lead 

We shall rally and follow till oceans of peace 
O er-flood the dark crinuson of war." 



«>» THR PtAG 

v,^htTZyi ™"°''" ™"«"K""- «ere put under special 

of over 8 oTmen andr ^"^"'" •"' ""^ "'"^ ""-""""K '" "" 

in.n.nrfn4 S^e:eo. .::" aV^t";- "" ^"""'''^ 
nected therewith Ti,» ? u, Pat"ot'c purpose con- 

^t antis":" t '*/"'°"^-' *"" ™" ™^"- "^'^ '«>e 
tondoTrff H u *"°"' "■'^"""K <=><>«f than ever the 

We had the trie k°oTb~rHf ^Jt' ''^'"^'' ""«'" '"""= ■^"»«' '•>«<>' 
with his Jte about W^?,"''''°"-^'>''"W«. AustraHaa infantryman 

•A Company of New South Wal« Mounted Infantry was unfortu- 



How AU»T«*U*N« PlOHT. 

the blue eyes with unnhed tear* ' '""''''J' "■« Mme cause filled 

-"*'"'"'°" «''^'' '■"•■•'-• ......wastHe .„„„„, 

n.veH«ic u'porrc;:^;„'LT° 'tfr'Tv*"" «•'■■'-' "<>- '•" 

"otwan. u. kill a„,.„,\he?,; wf Ltht had '"•"'„'*"«"'"''»'■ I-M 

they had „o chance. ,„« thin wet„ „w° ^ ^"^ """K"'""!, f„, 
rock, behind ua. There were ..„ . " """' bounding over the 

°n. They rnahed -vildly ovTr^vemhC «"^ """ '" '""' ^'■"rin/tLem 
hut aa n.en who know how tH^ a "^^^ JhT'^ ""■'• »°' """'" 
jerk to the ahoulder, that raoid ai^hl ' T^ "" I"''''- »'>irp upward 
ed over a lot of our men, Slid' °„", '.*•!,'' "■' '^°'- ''''S '■^"«k 
exfK>se themaelve, to g^t t^ ^ J^^ tf w'th""'"""- ^"'^ '■»<"<' 
They wereruahiUK to the rescue of the Kn^rlT " "">' ">""' "»■ 
was madness. On they came and » f'^S'- '"«« »P'™<iid, but it 
nfles snapped and suap^a^iu a" pill ™ l"^ "" •»"'■■"» »■"! ™" 
wld men until they charKed^"ht ^T TT' ''"' "^ '"" "ot stop those 
around all its e<l«es by ScT^l °.! 1""' '»''"■ "hi^ »»» M„„^ 
thick as l«„sts,Ld thelu t^H^f w^'^ 1^^'': °"r^" '"' '— " 
worse off than the VVorceaters up therav7ne '' "'*''• '^'^ «"* '" 

"-^.-.cokiu, man, with a voice*nra\r L^,----. 


FOIl THK rtMi 

for a m.n on mv riKht ml » iLiM ,T ■ "' '""'" *" '"' »"•"«'• 
VIctori. I,I(I„. „I «™';.' , ;'" '^"' ,^'" """« "«» M.Jor K.My of ,h. 

h«H. with c>„r:,*H"r„"; .h™.Mh:. ' H<,r;:r-r^ ««j:z«,r 

the earth „ » chil.l wipe, dir^ fZ k. h»„r "^ ","'" "*•* """ "" 

con.:;„7,„77.,f t; rr.."erhe"',:r -' ■""• -" "•«""• 

•nH .Udied o«, ™„. hill, meanW .„ ^r^'" "' "'•™"'' "•' 'W'V 

konle Sc.rr,lv^r • " '™""» •(""'•"n.Ichaivenpthe 

"..n picked L man andVho, to k' f,"' '"'•""'" '"■"' °' "■""■ '■"' ""^ 

We dropped to cover and tried to nlrV •!,«« „« • . ., 
.nd H-atchfnl, throwing „„ cha™.„av We^^, f w '' "'" "•'"' 

iwk to hem them in h„. ,k„ T,..' ' '""^""I 'rem rock to 

».oved.p,„^;,™JrtM..d ■• """" '"'" "" •>"'"<>•>"'"«•■". 

». h.?k:",hrKh''™r Zim T ■"' "'"• ""•' "'" ■«"'" '-" -«'« 
could nm face H,rir fl^ me?dt^"'T T "" • *■"■""" "">■ '«'''■ «'■= 
».we„e,.er»„me„,"ootwlre """""'' -'""•"-. '-ey only , ho, 

toaurrender, prorir„nht':iH;;ro°Lrr '°B«:r° t !^ 

to come and take them if »,. ~, '"""■"»<»''". But they »int word 

tried to raah Them und*™™!'' ™""n«l,- though we aheltel them and 
their men wereTfe th.v f^ZJ- . T""" ''"■ '^" »•"" »" "' 
>n. their wou^dS''^rwt'LTrn^^^^ 

New Zealand. 

with^heir*"^'''"' ''""'■ " "'"'' ''*"'"''' "f New Zealand 
with their 800,000, irrespective of natives, of HiRhly advanced 
people decline to joir the Commonwealth of Austria Z^ 

Thf Rt~T\eTr7 T'" '"'" ownconsti^utL"'::^;- 
tneRt. Hon. The Earl of Ranfurly as Governor and the Rt. 



valour on the battlefield, and their lllw , """wming 

etc., have amply demonslrat J Z "'""••'* ""'ices a,H«out«, 

.he«a,of„ar„„Sr .8^9 ' '■ "=• «•«''«< for 

^onll'lZS'^^X t»; --• ""■'- Moi- 
,_, „ , • ""•• '"" 'otn January, igoo 

Wi;'^ r^--::^--, under M.,„rT. 

'•*''~''"'™ hundred and twenfv .i,.„ 
R. Somer>ille. V. D " '™ '"^"'y-'hree men, under Major J. 

6th— Five hundred and sevenfv »!,,„ 
Banks. N. Z. M „st TanlT '^ " ""^^ ""''er Lt.-Col. 
threein all. 3"' J^noaO', .90,, twohundred and thirty- 

who go forth thufCv to 1 ° " ""'' '■""''"' •'"'"■en. 

common cause. "^"^ '" ""^O" <»■ to die in one glorious 


Bl.ORMI'ONTEIlr r icemhM- 
ceived regarding i,„' g ^ , R.iIt?!;~''Y*''" ''"""' ""w >«>• re- 

General Page, .„d the Cj^^dfrCol'" )''''"" "" """••" "d" 
November ,8 and November "rG^neTa'p""'"" '^"i-" •"" E«™.«. 
""ond day, closed ■„ „p„„ the Lr^i 1 T '°"""' ""'"« "" "■« 
■ng ne« day a, dawn. They, Z^^TJ 1" '"'"""°" "' ""«^'- 

**c«oconr msouition tkt c 






1653 Eoit liloin SIrMt 

(716) ISA -MSB -Fa. 


easterly direction. General Paxet, liavint; i»:cupied their position, sent 
mounted infantrj- in pursuit. 

The New Zealandtrs displayed great gallantrv, losing five killed, sii 
wounded officers. 

The palm for scouting was accorded to the Mounted corps from New 
Zealand and Canada. 

Prktoria, Decemljer ii.-One hundred New Zealanders who were 
in General Knox's fight at Rhenoster Kop, had all their officers and 
thirty men killed or wounded. They fought with dogged courage for 
seventeen hours without moving. 

' Ti.s hard to where all deserve 

A nation's meed of praise ; 
Since sacrifice is offered up 

In hosts of devious ways. 

While round Britannia's glorious flag 

A strong and valiant band 
Stands ready to defend the cause 

Of home and Motherland. 

Yet some, as giants in the wood, 

Tower high among their kind 
And deeds like those impress their stamp, 

Upon a nation's mind. 


India acted nobly. The whole of the expenses in connec- 
tion with the sending to the seat of war 10,000 of the Regulars 
were borne by the Indian Government, in addition to the 
Volunteer forces, whose services were so valuable. The native 
Princes exhibited by their lavish gifts in money, trained horses 
etc., the utmost loyalty to the Crown, while the troops did the 
utmost honor to their arms in the field of battle as did the 
native water carriers and ambulance-bearers whose services were 
so highly appreciated, not only by the wounded and fatigued, 


but also by the medical staff, the haspital nurses, and indefd 
everyone of the rank and file of the whole army. 

The small Island of Ceylon sen', a contingent of 130 men 
raised from among its British residents, and also contributetl 
over /,s,ooo to the Patriotic Fund. 

South Africa. 

Natal, for all the native population is twelve to one of the 
white.remained firm in its loyalty to the Empire. One in 
ever>' five were in the anny, making in all. volunteers and 
regulars, nearly 9,000 men. When it is considered that such 
a large number of these men were of Dutch descent Natal 
has every claim upon our admiration. The Natal forces were 
in active engagements from the beginning of the war, and 
previous to taking part in the notable battle of Talana Hill 
were three days and nights in the saddle and tasted no food for 
24 hours. They were with Buller at Coienso, Elandslaagte 
and Spion Kop, and in a fight of 17 hours' duration one 
squadron stood their ground against the whole Boer force, 
with the .sad loss of eight out of their ten officers. 

Cape Colony, from its half Dutch inhabitants, raised a 
huge army of volunteers which with the regulars swelled up 
to 25,000 men. The army of defence was greatly as- 
sisted by the railway officials and by the private generosity of 
such individuals as Mr. G. Farrer and Mr. A. Bailey, and also 
by the energetic work of the ladies of the Cape; who not only 
assisted in providing for the wants of the soldiers but organ- 
ized measures for the relief of the great influx of starving 
women and children who had flocked over the border from the 

Although patriotic volunteers were offered from every 
dependence of the Empire it was thought better not to accept 
of the services of all. Still the offer of assistance towards the 
needs of warfare was gratefully accepted and from every 
part of the globe came monetary contributions for the cause. 

The Colonies have contributed in all over 60,000 men- 



Beneath One FUg. 
Wave out, Oh glorious standard! 

To every breeze that blows; 
Thus wave in halcyon days of peace 

Thus front a world of foes. 
Britain! Australia! Canada! 

One speech, one mind, one soul- 
Like aim within the ridge of time,' 

Like hope beyond the goal. 
Beneath that flag, that glorious flag - 

No foreign foe, nor loss 
But stirs the soul from Polar star 

Unto the Southern Cross 
New Zealand ! Ind ! South Africa! 

United heart and hand 
Thy sons have traversed land and wave 
In phalanx firm to stand. 

Float on, for ever, conquering Flag i 

Wave out Red, White and Blue ! 
What enemy may dare thy wrath 

Smce thine to thee prove true. 
Britannia, and her loyal sons ! 

With Freedom's flag unfurled. 
Out of the din shall dawn in peace 

A fair millennial world. 


i SI! 

PART vni. 

Generals of the War. 

Wliai of those „ije„ «artM.n, 
WIk, Kl'jriwl o'er thtir iiau, 

'■■■■ • > Tnuiiipli ^ruT 

''''"' '"' ' train ? ,. 

>',lu.r. U- :U,»c >.T,-.w,i» ,rf janre! ka' 

W here Ije those plaudits vain ? 
Lone faded is the vict-irs nrc-ath 
!.■ 'UK dr.>j.iK-,t (he captive's chain. 

But o'er ihLX: Heaven-gilt diadems 

Whicli .-toopo'er noe and pain : 
Though years may dim the sterling k<>!'! 

Its worth shall ne\-er wane. 

ta,n U,„t ,. was the n,a,ter wh„ was conun,.. ' ' '" '"' 

The first tune the correspondents i«m- him was at . r,H«..v 


--:-... x^u,, inttr tcie;<nim.s 

V. c, n. P.. G. C. B G. C. S. I.. G. C. I r. 

Generals of the War. 


What of those olden warriors 
Who.gloried o'er their slain • 

Who dragged behind gay Triumph's car 
King captives and their train ? 

Where be those cro^vns of laurel leaf 

Where be those plaudits vain ? 
Long faded is the victor's wreath 

Longd.opped thecaptire's chain. 

But o'er those Heaven-gilt diadems 
Which stoop o'er woe and pain • 
Though years may dim the sterling gold 
Its worth shall never wane. 


ope„inJtt'::aTrh»d°'Tev l??™"^,' T ""' "" ""--""'-' 
B«rsjndtag theSm! d'"^ kopjes, vanquishing the 
ticipation of course T,H f ■^PP°"""'K st™ggl^all in an- 
with confidenr ■ ""' '" ^" ^""'="»"<'" ««'-Ki'ded 

tain that it was the mLr wSo waTco^ "" '"'' '^ "^• 

car Jnit':.r:,dt: R;;:r^:ix':t' ™^ ^; ^ -"-^^ 

them as one who speaks to fw nT ? ^" *"'' ^dressed 

he lifted every d^s^Wl'tv and K .'l. " '^"'^ '" "'™ "^at 

which had ham«^ I'h f ^""^"^ ^™>' ^^^^ ""''ation 

up to that tfm" ?^ * °" ""PP'*^ "'^'" '" 'heir work 

said, arth™ was not JI' ''1' '"""' '"^^ P'-*"' •>« 
was not to be censored. Only their telegrams 


! I 



must be scrutinized. They were to go wherever he went, 
wherever they willed to go. 

Many had never seen him before, but all surrendered to the 
spell that surcharges th"; otmosphere around him— during this 
brief interview, in which he revealed that sympathy, trust, and 
frankness and that breadth of view which are amongst his most 
marked traits. 1'bey looked on his face as upon the face of a 
man-leadi- ; a man bom to ride in the van of men, tii be fol- 
lowed and obeyed. 

Care, worry, sickness, danger, unceasing reflection, all had 
left their marks there, yet all weic written across a gentle, 
sympathetic countenance, never gay or merry, yet seldom 
stem, and wholly ignorant of pa.ssion. 

He was as frank and liberal in his welcome to the foreign 
attaches as he has been to the war correspondents. The at- 
taches had waited in Capetown until he sent for them. 

When they met Lord Roberts he said, in effect : ' You are 
to do as you and go where you like ; only please do not 
get in the way of any bullets, as I am responsible for your 
safety. ' 

Lord Roberts never objects to the publication of anything 
he says before a gathering of men, it it his rule never 
to say what he would regret to have repeate ". He works con- 
tinuously and to do so he has to be fref from interruption ; 
therefore visitors meet him only at li .ch or dinner. In 
Bloemfontein. where he was living betv en walls, his table 
was a small one, standing a few feet from the head of the very 
large long table at which sat his staff — his ponderous impres- 
sive sta5 of distinguished men of the aristocracy. 

Lord Roberts never smokes tobacco, and with drink he has 
little to do. He never parades his piety, never forces it upon around him. Yet on every Sunday since ke joined the 
army he has attended divine .service. Not a word has he 
ever spoken to his stall suggesting or ordering their presence — 
yet he is is certain to attend weekly sen'ice — an example to 
the Army so modestly and so persistently presented that it 
cannot help but he powerfnl. 

' He is all things to all men, in the best sense' 



-aid one ,vho know, him well. "He has the royal gin „f „ 
jnembennK ever,b«ly, .he superhuman quality of* flaw,,: 
tact the. Hupenor, H o»t .superhuman, Rif, of justice G«^ 
n,en I,ke h,m becau.* ,e i, good ; kindly „,e„ fiid a ™^ 

r J^^oTrn; -" ""- -'" '- -™ '- -«' '^^- 

His am:y will do anything for him. march longer, .star^-e 
harder, go without tent., or blankets more day., and we^^s 

Ive Vn"/thrr;'*,?^ ••'"' ""•" '"— >• -""ertm 
alive. Ani they wil do all these things willingly and gladly 

where other armies might protest and grumble and go aT-ad s„lfenne.,s. He can get more out of an army, from the 
uuards down to the roughest scouting force (as he did betwe"" 
Modder R,ver and Bloemfontein , than any Ru.ssian or Gel'n 
General could extort with iron discipline and adamantine auth 
brJke a T' " ■'""''"'^ ■ '^"'"■" P^'-^'-'he Guards-who 
Fr^Vl r**'." '■"°"'" ■■" " ""« '■''»•''• ""'"h into th. 
Free State^ Instead of grumbling they made it a matter for 
^astmg. Whenever other privates would damn another kade 
■^ uT T'''- ""P"^' '^^^ '"'°«'» ™hat 'e'.. about • ■ 
h.m up wuh the phrase, ■ E's a man ! ' He can make no mi,- 
take that h.s army w,ll recognize. Whatever he orfers or does 
■s regarted as the reflection of superhuman in.,piration." 

T j-^"? J^oberts's interesting work 
India, has gone through 29 editions. 

' Forty-one years in 

Lady Roberts is distinguished for her persevering efforts 
to ameliorate the ha«l lot of the soldier in foreign cliraer. 
more especmlly is she known and beloved on account of her 
nursmg and other helpful schemes 


preJnt dmr*^ ""***" «'"'"^^' ""'"^^J- "'S^""^' of the 

viewnf'^ilWH ""V/u" '■°°'"' ^f't^ble which commands a 
V ew of all the rest of the room and all the other desks, sits a 
big stem man. with a he.ivy mustache, intent upon papers ■ he 




iii engaged in re-organizing the traniiport aj-Hteni— in time of 
war in the midxt of a campaign he \» doing for himself what the 
whole Pall Mall would have bunxle<l at for yearn in time o' 
peace. " 

3ome trust to, ;« called, lucknr chance, 

And neither do nor dare ; 
While othen find their recklewi schemes 
But castles in the air. 

Succes.s means honest, arduous work, 

And many a climb up hill ; 
With purpose set toward the goal. 

And strong, determined will. 

Sometimes a special Trovidence 

Accords un-looked for fate ; 
Yet, Heaven helps those who help themselves. 

If they but work and wait. 

Still, better fail than reach success. 

In work, or fame or wealth. 
Through wreck of conscience, deeds of wrong 

Or loss of moral health. 

Then, honor to the stem, hard work 

Which nobler natures dare; 
Which bringeth solid, sure success 

And not mere empty glare. 


•' The bravery, fortitude and undaunted spirit with which 
General BuUer's forces, after three repulses, at last forced their 
way through the almost impregnable natural fortresses of the 
boulder-strewn mountain regions between the Tugela River 
and Ladysmith, have been beyond all praise. Their esteem of , 
and confidence in, their commander seemed only to increase 
after each repulse and their determination to succeed became 
more stolid. Praise of General BuUer in that dark period 
came almost solely from his own army. ' Buller is all right. ' 
' Buller knows his business, * ' Buller will get there, youMl 

roit TiiK riAc. 


authorities who hflvo "' '" "^""''^^ '■>• ""«'»"• 

feat. • ■ * "' "'* '^'' P™'"°"' « ••<Pl'--"<lirt miliinry 




what he uXju" ' He r T, '*?"'™' '" ^''->'"K o"« 
piety, and kno"fso„thAfr err" IT'™ '" "'■" '""■«" 


ha»dii:tc^e;;tfr'™"'"''v-'" -*«- ^'^- -"ich 

with the rest not o,! v , "" """' ''>' ""^''"^ '" "'^ '"' 
humbles, dt "al s^e ^"vf "'"' '"''"'P '° ™'''^'' '"^ 
of daring unu.dr;""'"'' '"' ""'"^ " P"-'-» --?'- 

Not plenteous means, not self-same chance, 

Uoth level human kind- 
There is a wealth of heart and soul 

A richness of the mind. 


Beyond the worth of market rates ; 

A treasure all sublime, 
Which yieldeth not to moral rust 

Nor dims through force of time. v 

Condition hedgeth not the gift ; 

Since heaven delights to yield 
Like precious unction to the brave 

On throne or tented field. 


Vixt not be judged by Stromberg. What happened 
there is by now ancient history. It was alleged that the map 
of the ground was utterly misleading, that no compass bearings 
were taken, and so no one knew where he was being taken in 
the dark ; that the Berkshire regiment, the only regiment to 
whom every inch of the ground was familiar, was left behind, 
that the start was two hours late, so that the moon .set long 
before the journey had been completed to an intermediate 
halting place and the men the rest they so much needed ; 
thi*t the men had actually been under arms for upwards of six- 
teen hours, when called upon for severe hill fighting and were 
so dead beat that they fell asleep on the open ground under 
fire. Against this indictment may fairly be set the unpre- 
judiced letter of a corporal in the Second Northumberland 
Fusileers who went through the action undsr the general. He 
says that " it was broad daylight when they were at the foot of 
some high, inaccessible rocks. 

The guide turned to the general and pointing to the top 
of the rocks said, ' there is your position and there is your 
enemy,' and immediately started to gallop off but before he had 
gone two yards General Gatacre shot him twice through the 
body, saying, 'Man, you have done me, but you are the first to 
go.' These were the exact words .said. When the general 
.saw how we were trapped he cried like a child and said : ' Oh, 
my poor boys, what have I done. ' ' ' 

At the time of the famous march to Berber, when the 
boots of his men gave out, and hundreds of them arrived all 
but barefoot, every available camel was burdened with a man 


Who lacked nothiiig of strcnoti, ™ 

boots. Gatacre had halTa d '"T"' '" "'"^'' »■ ""'v 
carryfn, a barefoof^ tidier whHe t"""''' ''"' "^ «- 
h«me„. No wonder The^iovlht '"'"'' '""■««■ -'" 


south AfSrha'°X^'r' "" ""'"-''- - 'he 
with .such uniform sucS.ra'rnlr.r" "«"^' *"'-^ 
the Cavalry Division. T,vt?„T /"T °- *"■ '"'"''^- °' 
out, fought in the earlvll ™''™ ""^ ^^ broke 

KeitfoutL, he;xi:7sx"fe::;ii^^"r^-- 

upon Lady.smith, and when ^rT^ T ""^"' '''■■'" """^t 
by the last train, whth wl ridrft 1*7""'^ '^" ""^ '°w" 
passage. He next tnrnJT ^ "'"' ''•*•" bullets on the 

during the"rr;'rrrfrir;'''oa;a''''""*"^'"'"-' 

checks, reverses and lo4s If '»' ^ , °'*' ' ^"'' M<^'huen's 
warf until Cole.sburg w™hr:nd^r^''^ headway north- 
to the Orange River ""^ ""^ ^"*""y driven back 

at 'i- sl'ul^d'b^Xnu™-^ ^'-^'-^ ""■'™-«'. -" 
the midst of a disloyal DuTchnnT™' """•*"■ "^ '"»* '" 
tivity, alertness and wat^hle,?""' ""' "'^ '"'-« - 
prise and less, and sco^icort ;'"''''' ^""^"^ '*^'""^' ■•*"^- 
During this period he ^1 a, 'n^ 1 ^ '""°^' °™'- '"« ^^"'y- 

never failed [:give'':g'::^::rnt''orhiLir ■■" ''"' -' 
Krenrtrht'ii^*ri:rair'"='"''.''^ -'- '^-- 

liefofKimb.rleya„dXtedh,™T .T''"'"''' '° '"^ «" 
which so quickly and t m anth a ', ."' "^'"^ "'""" 

->t. In the pursuit and :rpturnTc''*^^'''" «"^' ^- 
French who raced past the retrla L r '^ " ""^ ^™^"' 
way. In all the ojirations n wh ch ,. r" ""^ '"'"«' '"« 
™., subjected and^lnauT^r^ '■.^^el;^^^-- -» 7- 
a brilliant part as he hax si^^ . • '-"^alrj General bore 

to BrantfoS, th^ Valrand Toh^'^K""' ^'™"'^ """"ward 
French has not only win l-'rH'^''"S. In fact General 





No oiEcer has his name more prominently before the public 
just now (1901) in connection with the South African war 
than Major-General Sir Bindon Blood, K. C. B., who is doing- 
such excellent work in breaking up the Boer resistance in the 
northern districts of the Transvaal. He is an Irishman by 
birth, and was bom in County Clare in 1842. In i860 he 
entered the Royal Enffineers, and ••■ his first fighting in 1877, 
in the Lowaki Expedition, for which he received the medal 
and clasp. For services in the Zulu war of 1879 he also got 
the medal and clasp, and the same year went off to the Afghan 
war, where he again distinguished himself, and received anothi r 
medal. He went through the Egyptian Campaign of 1882, 
receiving the medal and clasp, and in 1895 was appointed 
Chief Staff oflicer of the Chitral Relief Force. In this capacity 
he attracted great attention by his organizing and governing 
abilities, and was, in consequence, placed in command of the 
Bundecund District, a pcition he retained until 1898. Sir 
Bindon Blood was made Major-General in 1899, and was 
especially chosen by Lord Kitchener for the work he is now 
performing. It is .said of him that, no matter what the coun- 
try is, he can always provide shelter and defences for himself 
and men. 


Gordon, Cherm.side, Clements, Colville, Barton, Rundle, 
Knox, Carrington, Pole-Carew, Hildyard, Hector McDonald, 
F. W. Kitchener, Ian Hamilton, Woodgate, Brabant, Kelly- 
Kenny, Kekewich, defender of Kimberley; Hunter, Chesham, 
Nicholson, Bruce Hamilton, Douglas, Lyttleton, Wynne, F. 
Walker, Lord Dundonald. 


Joubert, Voltje, Schalkburger, Pretorions, Steenkhamp, 
Cronje, DeWet, Botha, etc. 

Medals of Generals 


MaKazine. ""™" »"'' country, ■• .,„,.» the Royal 

n,eHa';it'.h'tefc'.atpr aTaT '^ "'^' "■™''' °' "« ««-. Cro., f„„«h..,c»d. H,irai:K4i:roTrrM::s;''''"''"'^™"''""--' 
.iegeiirca^u^T^j-r :,;:r:";;r:a''"""^ ?',■""■'«• ■■-"■«"'< «•» 

ander him a few week, later I^ , ! "'f. *™™'<»'- "'^ how -a, sh„, 
H. hor. Shot . .h«e a. ^^^ K^^^.U^^r I^r "^ "-'" -" 

<nK.Her;:'aTactr;Ti-t^rrL;rr"'''"~'-^''"— »"<>*- 

^8. to Dec. 6. „S57, .he lefea" of "he Gw"'' °' ''''"■"■""'""' ^ov. 

Kho.,ag„„ge,.hereocc„patfo„ Jplth ™ 'Th^r*'"*^"^ "" "«'''" "' 
the action of Koorsee, and the vari™, ■' '""""nK of Mtangun^e, 

of lucknow. For ih^VX^Z '"""r' ""''"« "'"• '"e «ptnre 
Gene,,, of ,„dia, .^ Xtedbr'ST, ^^- '"""'' °' '''^ °--"°- 
-^^.ntiny .neda, litj^^^ ^^^ , --■ ^^fT^^ 

Whe^:,Lt,''^;;r,rX:!- ^-' ■^o..^ «o„ the Victoria Cro.. 
.listance two sepoys KoinRawav ^^^ ^^^?"''• '*'5'*' "' ^"^ i" "•« 
horse, theKaIl,« vo^ng^fficTr ovl "kT '"'"""« ''P"" '° hi» 

enter a village. They taS awt^^ r' '"",■" ""'-^- *"^ »•»■« 'o 
presenting their ntuskets at him and ™1,T" '"" '"'"'"' ««■" "y 
but fortunately the cap faile,? The Tan .hi!;:" ''"''''' '''^ '"'''^" 
hyLieut. Roberts, and he Stan. ard.rk™"""' "'■■" '"' ''°"" 
onthesameday, cut down ^"'C^;^! r""'"" •",'■>'""■■ «-'«> 

musket and bayonet, keeping off ;^rr Ll.Vr'''"'' '■' '"^■' "'"' 
assistance of the horseman and m^7„J',^r *"' """= '" ^e 

spot. "• '"" ""■'""!{ >t the sepoy kille,. him on the 

in .86., he was e„,p,„ye,. on special »r.-ice .ith the expedition sen. 




aK.mslthetnb«on,he northwest frontier of India, and „a. prtKnt at 
the storminK of Woo, the capture of Ubbeyl,, and the deit™""" o 
Mulkah, recnng the India general service ,„e,lal with cla.p-U„,W,° 

S68, when, as AMUtant Quartermaster-General of the Bengal Br^ade 
an, as semor officer of t : department of Eoula, he , ..perinten^ed the e' 
em,„rlcat,o„ of the whole arn,y, and was selecte.! by Si^ RolLnCrer^ 
the tarer of h,s final despatches. He was breveted Lieut.-Co Jerin, 
received the Abyssinia medal. 

Returning to India, heserveilas Assistant Quartenna»ter-Gener.l .„^ 
senior staff officer with the Cachar column of The iThT ,";"' 
orce ,n .S?-;., and was present at the capture of the Bholel ^agl" and 
he attack on the Northlang range. He commanded the troop, e^aged 
attheburnnjgof the village of Taikoom, Jan. :6, ,872, for wSich T « 
ceive,! the clasp Looshai, and was ma.le a C. B. 

The year 1S78 saw him in command of the Koorum field force He 
was present at the storming and capture of the Peiwur-Kotal and the Dur 
sun of the Afghan army to the Shufargardan, also in the ^airinZ' 
Mangor Pass, and during the operations in Khost. For these services he 
was r.,^., ,„ K„,ght Commander of the Bath, and re. eived the ,3k, 0I 
both houses of parliament. "■«!■«.■< 01 

General Roberts commanded the Cahul field force during the advance 
on and occupation of Cabul in the autumn of ,879, and was preJnt i^^h" 
engagement at Charasiah and throughout the o^ration atl^rldur 
mg the winter of ,879*, for which he received the l„dge o/a cT^Lu"" 
er of the Order of the Indian Rrapire. >-ommand. 

He next com..ianded the Cabul-Candahar field force which n,.„i,^ 
frorji Cabul ,0 Candahar in the August of ,S8„ and rXv^ t garrisot 
shut up ,„ the latter place on Sept. ,, defeating and dispers^ngT^h 
Khan's army. Lord Roberts received the thanks of both Houa^of Pari,, 
men., the Afghan medal with four clasps ( Piewar Kotal, Cha^i iSbul' 
Kandahar; he also received the grand cross of the Orde of thTLVh and 
was createtl a baronet. " """ 

1S86 found him in command of the British forces in Burmah He 
returned as usual, victorious, and was again rewarded. Upon his return a! 

roX^nrGrev''''-'^' ■■"■-■••-""-=■'-■'- -'-^^^^^^ 


SirRedversBuller's first medal was granted to liim for serv-ices in 
China where he servd with the Second Battalion of the Sixtieth R», 

the War Office last year, although it is for services in Canada wiUiThe Red 
River expedition in 1870. '"^ "*"• 

In September of ,873 he accompanied Sir Garnet Wolseley ,c the 



advance guarf nngalZmTuluX^T ^^ "l* "l"" °' '*""»'"'■ th. 
he wa, , lightly „„"J„,)'";„°\i";^"™^; 'he hattle of Ord,h,u , „h 

Asha„t« mtdal «i,h clasp-Coom.Mie. ""'''"■■ ""'' "■« 

Frontier UghrnTi /„\heen^^Ul a[ T»il'•^"^^ 

«on, a. Mo„„eu, P..., .„, aS^rMl^tAU l^I.l.-oIS"'-"- 


-■.ththeeaateTO reconnaisance of th. f ' *"" ""^ ""'entrusted 

n.archedf™„Can,pwi.hZho°« „H^r"- ■"" "'"''■ ''"■ B°"" 
an 8,-mile circuitous march he Mv™l^^' T"'"' '" '" •"■ «"'• "'"^ 
mountain. The „e,t mo^L he mTs cl " .""""' ■'"""'™'" "' "■' 
«We for mounted men, theyhaX to Z " i I ° '""l ""-'^ P- 
On sainiuK the hiKh plateau he aaw hi . "'^^ ^>' "'« Wdle. 

mountain top .t ™.Ct o n m ^ T' *'" ""^ '"=» "' ">• Hal 
as the Zulus had cZLaM th'™^,' '"""" ''"''" ■>" "" ™»""it. 

Bunerretume,lto °hrea^o,rl"' T""" ""' '""'^ ""'' ™^""»- 
«ith order, for Col Weatheriev »t " ""I"'"' '''»Pa'<^''«' a- officer 
No «x.ner had the capSn de,2Ari 0:1''" '"'T""' "■"'"" ™"'-"" 
army full «,ooo strong apprS^to/the m"™,"" 'T """" '"" ' ^"'" 
ThedelayoftheothercoIuZflhJ I ^^'" '"•""^ ""= »>">-*a.t. 
inhlobane followers of UmMni ITm """""« '"" '""■'• -'"«' •- 
Krouud until the arrival llZunnT.^;''"'"''^ '" "<"" "»" — 


Col. Buller obtained the V C tr.r t.s it 
for having assisted, while hein,^ h„« ^"1 "' "'°''"" '" ">'' «'«"' 

of the Frontier LighrHor^ I*""'' '""^"^ "•'• '"^ =^"'-- Capt. Arcy. 
on his hor^ "«i. he ov^^rtheC'r;? °", '°"'' """ '^"'^■"« -'"■ 
under tl.e same circumsWe, h, ^L ' °''° "" "" ^"^ ''ay and 

Frontier Light HorL^wW h ™«>'<"' Lieut. C. Kveritt. of the 
of safety. Yet a^^iid t^ 'r *"" '"'"' """" "■'" ' "" P'ace 
third comrade T tha e™ "t^uTl " T"" '""" ""' ^'"'' "' "-"> » 
Horse, whose mount was clmn , ^7" "'"P'^'- °f "•» Frontier Light 
have been killed by trMus"^ ""' """'"'■ """• ""<> «herwi,e would 

a..^^i^t^^;^- -^--"ce before .undi. 



ContinuiiiK in South Africa lie serv«1 1„ .1, o 
andb«„Kr.i«,Hoa'J^l\'"? "" '^"-"P':"" ■"«>«' "i'h on. clasp 


vader, an,7.'i^''™^!™=''"''"'="'''"''^Son.l„„ from the Derviah in- 

Tshr^rt: r°f ^-'- ^" '>----LXThti:;.:r : 
accompS ^-'^--- srt ^jr,tc - 


Afghan „.rtal with t..r« ZZch."': ""'" r' ,''"'' """"• """'^ "•« 


»tar. After leaving EKypthVK"«i„r,'h,f\'~'"'' "" '"«^"' ''"'"« 
n command of the £ond I^ilTBri ''!/''™'" «'««"<'" '" >S85-9 
'ay during the in.urrection- he aT^ef3 !ii"'l"™"'"''"' " »'"■)»: 
Force after the capture of M.„da"v T °° t "" ''^ ="™'« P«M 
thank, of the Government and o, he Camm.„7 """T "' ""»"' "" 
promoted to the rank of Major-Gen™! T J ""'""*^'"'' "' '"<«'• "■"> 
fi«ld, wa,raiKdtoaK C B a^rrT '? /'"'""K»id.ed «rvice in the 

Sir Geo,Ke White now ».: 1^: 'c' '"™"" """" "'"■ *"• 
Bath, the Star of India, theTdfan Pmni^e TT "' '^' ""''" "' ">' 
V.C., four aiivermeda,. and ot;"aard';::rn:e:r°'°"°"'"''''' 
. ''^'*E«*L BADEN-POWELl. 

theop2."rrL\fa„??„";^"f ■ "■',-- ■" M-f^Xi-K. »erved in 
general officer commanding IndTimeZ™"' ^"""*' '^^''- "> "'- 
under Sir Fmnci, Scott i« Z'l^^'T't^: '" ■^"■^^rved 
Artanti bronze star, which Ca'^'" '° '^ '.'"'""■ ""d received, the 
Queen." The British South A7nca Co,Z"" ""' "" """'' ""•'>"■ «■' 
n-edal for Rhodesia for the part he "ook ^^h"^' "'**'"'"' h™ »ith their 
m 1836. >"" "' '«"' "> the operations in South Africa 


80, iSu':itrh1ct^^^:r r.'^r"''-'^''''''"" --'-'^^ 

engagement at Ch.rasilhon^X* "•'''':" °' '''"'''«»• '" ">^ 
Cabul in the following De^mtr^ *i '^'V "" °'*""''"» »™"d 
Charasiah on April 25, tSsT hTIw *" '*="'"'' ■'"K-'gemem at 

ertsin the ma,ih to clC' a^d 1 ""'""'""-ed Sir Frederick Roh- 
Augustj., andatthetatleof canriar'"^,";' °L '"'^ '-""--nee of 
tioned in despatches he was promoW tn the ^T^ "*'" '"''^'"■^'- 
he also received the Afghan Si 'fth ?i.r T ° '^"'"^ "'^"'="«"' : 
and Kandahar, and ^^^ro...t:ZZ^;ZtZt^'''''''''''' ■"">"' 

in looi nc scrvcH jn th^ t> * 

ment at Majuba Hill, when he wTtaTe"; ^rf ™ T"^"' '" "*= "^"K-ge- 
turnedtohimb, Oen. J™bert irXf.r:f\rre,^tr - 

Assio"utrm*tua;.?,'To't?w,fd'"t^ l^'^" ^ «^'^- -"i-"' at 
Suakin in the DeceSb^ of S. i^'cul'^^L'"'" "" "■" """""^ "-' 
For these services he received the r^.f L^:.:^?^ s't^aT^t 



third cU« of the Order of the Mcdjidl. l„ .),. f„i, _, 

another cl«p ,o :,, tata P^ent 1„ !hl "* '"*' '" "''>"' 

.. the „,.,. un. receivin, L^^ZIl^^^Z'"'" " """*'• 

the th^Tr, ro'rdVr ^f'thTo".;^ -' r V"^«^'' -- — 

Khedive «ar. ' 0.n.anieh, . cUup being .dded to hU^\7^r'::.i"r>'F^"^^^^^^^^^^^ 

eluding the engagement T^Ch^ "■ ?' T"""" "' "9'> '"• 
Atb.r..„d KhartS Fo ,h« "r^^ h.'li" '5*." "" *"""• "^ 
««dal and the Khedive mX^tt^vT ? u"^ "" ^''"* *'"'^» 

den^amp to the Queen a^dcLl™i ^"'/^f. ■ "« "•» -l-o made aide. 
Hou«,„f Paritamenr °'"' ""'™' "« """'"' -' •»"> 


for«"^^^a'e"Cre^ wUif .rr '""i™^ ^""^ *'"" ""■• 

hi. «rvic. with the Sr. Tx^C onSlS '." d ,f """ ""' '" 
of Ab„ Kiea and MeUmmeh ^h t" NiJe^tji,","',;: *' ""■"^""' 

ver«*'rLi'r^™;r.rr;::*^ rr' "•»«— "ntheob. 

front. ' '™"''»K to regulations, with that nde to the 

the ^y'^X'u^yt'Z^- '"" " -"? r ' '=''"- ri"-" b, 
ourceneml. a,e " gold a„7m.I^fi "T""' '^' '^'"" °">"»»' 
order m«UU and ..a^t^rl^.^rdlLXrbor'""'^ *" 


The Victoria Cross 


and December 26th. Senienia outwrte of MftfekinK, Oct. 37th 

S«T>ft. MartJnf lu— for at»«n^.'-» 

a J7rj,r.treteL"j;^X '° ■■''"«"' "'^ 

lieut. Norwood— for mpnln.. . 
"e.rUdy™,i.h,Oc,.3^hlS! " ° """"""^ "-per un.Ier he.vy fi„ 

.5.h,X- ''■™-'" '"""'-'"''—'>'«■."> a. Co,e„„, Oe«,„Her 
Oo..^t;r-4':'-"— '- -^""-.^ .. the U..,e o, ,„„,,„^.^ 
^rp,.Sh,„,_for.«,of Wery..M.,,^„„..,„ „^ 
Capt Congreve-forattemptinKtos.,e.l, «^- "th, l8c«. 

hnng,„gi„ Lieut Rol^rl^, Dec Tjfh,^' """"'"' « C<"e"»o ,nd for 
Major Baptie, R A M r * 

Co.en», „d for he,pi„'^- •oTetnX'VrcSV''' "»"<'«■ »' 
"ec. 15, 1899. '" ">= wounded Lieut. Roberts. 

nec^^^nX"'"'-""*'^'"''"™-""'^— Hegu„,..Co,e„., 
■^-.'S.X~'" '■™^"'' '" '--" '™- "-"" -vy «re .t Co.e„«,, 


foutettt'^t:,^: «''"'""^*" -•*•"« a comrade uear B,oe.. 


rati TMK riAo 

Gunn«L<.lg_lMrt by th. ««„„,„ .„,i ,|riv,„ „( , Itatten- R 

.1, '^"'"•^"""'■Jo""-''}""'''* example .v,rte.l . «,,|ou, ch«k to 
the amult T.rr.M Hill, Natal, Feb. 17th; 1,00. 

Major Pl.lpp»-Hornl,.v-repre«,„utlve of the collective ■tall.ntrv o( 
the oflicer. at Koorn Spruit, March 31,1, ,,„o, K»»"ntry of 

IM;'^.'lh?«rr'°'''^f''°*'''''^'''''"''' ■'■'""»•'•"'• "'M-Kerafonldn, 

o^y ." t:XHTS".t. "° """ " *'°""' ■""'* ""^' "^ -^ 

«re.?tw*'.Ne"i;"i,m 'It'"" !."' """■"" "' «>■"""" "»''" ""vy 
nre ai (.row a Nest Hill, Johanne«bur((, May 29th. 1900.,'}^ ;^;;"°,"^-'<»'"n'.tt.n,p. to „ve a ku„ at Doon,.,bo«h Fo„. 
heavyT™; j'^^^^i^U^L""" '""' '° '"■'« " "■"""'"' "»^ '" "« "' « 

»o..:;::^ir^„.:^i;'^ - -^,»;::^'-- -'- « 

unJ"n?:™o°til«,.'- "'■ ■•""""-'" --«»«<.u„dedco„.,a.,e 
»,«»!■'«'■ '^"''''»"" '^'- f-rneraml Sergt. Holland of the Royal Can 

n^"^°^;:ts^i^™r;j;r.:;rr-" •^--"" 

b=„7 "^ Government has decided to erect in London a 

handsome monument to the memory of the Colonials who died 
m Afnca ; a monument which will stand through the years as 
alas .ng tnbute to the inexhaustible courage, 'the unqrench- 

stroVri^nd T '"' ""■""'"•"^ ^^■"■'""'y -"ich bind' in one 
strong bond of union every patriotic heart of Briton, from the 

riNAT E. 

MANY and Rlorio,,, have bee., the victories nf tl,„, 
thousand year. Z.L . ^'"""ienng world for over a 

tain a Jr^„r„v:c i ;rv::;r^Xoft^^^^ 

equaUty. to eve^- cla.,, and cteS a;:!, rl """■"■ ^'"'"" """ 
»ystem:":l"e!l''o"?l'"rhl'r ""' "-"V of .he empire, and 

pn-ored b™ h:i„'Xrerh:rr,otr "■»" -" 

crumble away But-a^H ,w "P^''"™' ""=>• '^^^ doo.n.d to 

tellectual might of its leaders hoi ^ L "^ "^ °" "'* '"- 

earth has e;:r';^*™.™^ " G el "^"^ ^^^ which 
ing contradictions of fate or ba^::,T„ le' ^Tl "", *™- 
ment, will steadfastly go on to fumrher".l„ '^'^°f, *''^='"«- 
foremost and most fittL llader l.r? ""'**"'" "'* ""^ 

Loni Milner, wZ it J^t^ ?^'"T"' "■°^'''- 
knowledge of the lu^ "fe-long mtegnty and thorough 

^^:tz^^^ '--^^"^ 'or't;:i^Lhr::s 

Peace ^uld only, he W^vrirtl""" '"^^^ ""- "one. 
^.f-e«acement; a'nd, l^.T^J^^.^^-JT^^J'^''^^ 
brave, could we, could anv of nritoi,,. i, j "' °'"' 

a^oop the time-honored Sa^f toX^nrdrbTfrth': 



?,^, Co J^" •'■««-".<. clenicd by .he lta.„ .„/by ,„iS 
Pr«.» Corre»pon<lent», h al»o proven false by the fact that the 
enemy expreH.s,he™«lves relieved in having the "TaXs*^ 
wellcared for by the Britmh. Had the conquerori. fo o«ri 

e^ ir"! I ""r"'"^" "" ■"«*" "'- *«*» "'"^ 'on* 
.ere now It is a puwhnu question as to the wisdom of main 

taminK the wives and children of the enemy and thrsalrfin" 

::"!:iirrb~" " •""" '" "^ "' ■"«■"" •""• --• 

War, even under the most excusable of conditions seem, 
inconsistent with the faith of a presumably Christrn pCle 

"atr;^"" ?"""'"'■ "' "'"" P"""'^. -Pon he round 
i^tJ^^ '--r evil the stepping stone to 
!I!7nM \ anathema pronounced in Holy Writ 

against those •• nations which delight in war " has oft^^ been 
amply den.onstrated, not only in aspect to nations/^t ^s^ 
".the cases of mdividuals. See Buonaparte, for instant 
whose mordmate ambition and egotistical "pas, on for ™r n"; 
on y terrorued and brought desolation uporthe nationsZund 
but wrought havoc also with u.e floxver of thechivaZof 
heat-Uful France, and left millions of widows and oSn, to 

Tat ciirof""hr""" r"'""" -P™"«"'oodon'the«° 
beat cliffs of his prison home, chafing over the imairinarv 

which had been found competent toov.r-match his might and 
to stop him in h s euiltv oarppr viri,^, ■ » ' "'"' 

aees < After ^ii \Z . T ^ *' ^ warning for the 
ages . After all the inward worry and outward turmoil 
nothing of a future but daily <lisappointmenl, incurabH^d 
pan ul disease, a dismal death and ... unce^ain hereafter 
nothing of a past but the memory of departeTlSnce' 
of transitory power, of mirage happiness and of trde^"iv^ 

d";^: "the btL J;'i''"^ '""" "'^ «^^"P ■" '>- •'i'^'? now 
drifts, the blood-dyed nver and the conquering shouts of the 

«>« THi: rtAo 


glorification and .dvi«« all Zible J» "•"""" *"■ 
attainment of an honourable «^. endeavors towards the 
arrival in EnglanS h^ t^^:^"S,'*:« i,""" "'"" •"" 

™.erin.andrrurpe7=Hrj:i::. — • -^^ 

feats^Tr-.w^rorttrt'Tyt*""'' ""^^ »-" «»- '- 
■cadershi; I^o "J'o.l^r" whf ^e::,^"/" """"«"'""«' 
recent return from ,he lat „f »!r T"'' "P"" •"» 

Keneral,,who succeeded t^f . . ,1 °"' "' '"* '"""fe.t 
mand f the hisS,l W^t h Re^me"* ?"^'"'P' '" "">• 
for his .services i„ the camt^™"*; ""**" ''"'■«'"«* 
should prove a strongincentK-Hrn, J ""'"' "' """' 
part of the .oun« mfn'rhrnlL'Tn^^ha^^rTu'o'f Td'" 
they may happen to beeneaired- ar ■ . h^ T . "'""'■ 
lives of the mosT prominent hfr!l' ■* "'"' """•>• 'he 

the present day may 3tak,r'' '" 7"^ '^'■""■"ent, of 
very humble 4nnfne, of na„?"T\"'''™ '"^^ '""' "' the 
personal g„atn^Setrn„faH f' ""'"= '"='"*^'"« 
of their birth. But^Ge^ "iR J ^ "''" "'*"*''' '"■«> 

'■'-Sirrf ■■"—-=" ™iS"- " "■ 

A Canadian Corporal in the irf t»,- n • 



enough to eat. etc. " He expresses thankfulness for having 

fieTlrTv""""' "f'""^ ■■" ">^'-Pi"". escaped the 
fate of many of h.s comrades, who had succumbed in greater 
number-s to d.sease than to Boer bullets, and hopes-a very 
modest hope m face of six years of army service-^hTt upon 
exp.ry of h,s term he will be granted a position on the W 
don Pohce Force. Further, to exemplify what Britons wiH do 
for their country, our Canadian cites the case of an officer 
whom he had lately hel,^ to "bury in his blanket." a ma„ 
whose private fortune amounted to /45.000 a year. 

hi<,hw"f ''^'1^7 ''.'"""■"" "'■"■"^ ' ''""^ "-^v-™ in this 
highly favored Canada, craven hearts whose apathy has over- 
come any shght. or pretended sympathy they may have had 
for the.' more heroic brethren. It would, indeed, have been 
much to the beneUt of many more deserving had these disloyal- 
^ts been drafted off to South Africa and forced to ford the 
cTshl r' '""*.'^^'™ '^' "i" °f btdlets which,unhappily, 
r act r, ' r""""/ '"'''°' "°"^' "^"- ^^""t of sympathy 
l!^^ '■ T • ■""• '"^ '^='"°' "f the present hour is, as- 
mn^h*\r'' ^''*'^'"S of acquaintance with the cannon's 
mouth than were the ignorant Sepoys of the Cawnpore 
massacre. '^ 

While deploring the fact that I have been so utterly un- 
able to accomplish my earnest desire of doing sufficient honor 
to all who participated in the South African campaign, let not 
the gleaner of incident be accused of partiality ; sin^ ;ach in- 
dividual hero around whose honored head circles the halo of 
fame but represents, by his illustrious deeds, the actuating 
motive of the many. * 

fnll ^""Tf brave seaman beneath the Union Jack who faith- 
fully and fearlessly discharges his duty is a Lambton or a Scott 
everj-^fihal son who sacrifices the comforts of home in uphold- 
ing the homes of the home-land, is a Botden or a Prince Chris- 
tian, every wise statesman who boldly leads the van against in- 
justice IS a Salisbury, every skilful surgeon who walks the 
war hospitals is a McComiaek, every Red Cross Nurse or Sister 
of Mercy is a Lady Churchill, a Miss Gould or a sister Evange- 
line, and every soldier who suffers for his country, either on 



the field of battle or in the haunts of disease, is well entitled 
to his country's deepest giatitude and to its everlasting re- 

There are names which I have missed, that will 
shme in undyinR lu.stre upon their country's stor>- and 
there are other well-deserving names which will neither be 
inscribed upon glory's annals, nor even engraved upon 
monument of stone ; there are names of those for whom the 
gay songs of gladness shall ascend in many a joyous homestead 
and of those for whom the bitter tear of anguish shall fall bj- 
many a lonely hearth— Farewell I a sad and yet a glad farewell 
—God bless them ! each and all ; and graciously grant Oh 
Power Supreme ! the ferxent supplications of the sorroiv- 
laden throng, that, beyond the weary hours of darkness 
there may soon arise the glorious dawn of that holier, happier 
day, by saintly seer foretold, when 

"No strife shall rage, nor hostile feuds 

Disturb those peaceful years ; 
To ploughshares men shall beat their swords. 

To prunirif hooks their spears. 
No longer hosts encountering hosts 

Shall crowds of slain deplore ; 
They'll hang the trumpet in the hall 

And study war no more ' '