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Full text of "Portraits of Dr. William Harvey [microform]"

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1 2 3 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 



PORTRAITS 



OF 



DR. WILL JAM HARVEY 



PUBLISHED FOR THE HISTORICAL SECTION 
OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF MEDICINE 

■V 

HUMPHREY MILFORD 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

LONDON NEW YORK TORONTO MELBOURNE BOMBAY 

'913 



OXFORD 

HLATES AND LETTIC RPRESS 

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

BV HORACE HART 



PREFACE 



-S 



TiiE Council of the Royal Society of Medicine determined in [912 to 
torm a section for the study of the History of Medicine. The section 
immediately became popular, and one of its first actions was to arrange for 
the issue of occasional fasciculi dealing with such subjects in medical history 
as did not lend themselves readily to discussion. Mr. William Roberts 
pointed nut in 1903 that the iconography of medical men had not yet 
received adequate attention, and he published {T/u- Atheiuwum, No. 3960, 
Sept. 19, 1903, p. 388) an account of the portraits of Dr. William Harvey 
which was afterwards revised and reissued in Dr. Weir Mitchell's privately 
printed Sowze Memoranda in regard to William Han'ey, M.D. (New York, 
1907). This account of the portraits of William Harvey was not illustrated, 
but it showed that many pictures existed. The Council of the Historical 
Section directed their Secretaries to obtain photographs of some of the 
portraits and write a short account of each, whilst they invited their 
President to superintend the reproductions in such a manner as to enable 
them to be issued at a moderate cost to those who wished to know how 
the great master of physiologj- appeared to his contemporaries. The 
present fasciculus is the result. It proves that the undoubted and 
contemporary portraits of Harvey are more numerous than was expected, 
either because 'the honest little Doctor' liked to have his picture painted, 
or, as is the more likely, because he could not resist the importunity ot 
artists whom he must often have desired to help pecuniarily. Numerous 
portraits of gentlemen of the seventeenth century with peaked beards and 
white collars also exist, and some of them are labelled with Harvey's name. 
A comparison with the genuine portraits shows that these spurious ones 
can be divided into two groups : those which may have been portraits 01 
Harvey's brothers, supposing that a family likeness existed, and those 
iii 



PREFACE 

'hat of Charles I, with rffined fltjl Tu u '°"^''"'' "°' ""^'''•^ 

thoughtful, became one of sett ed If' t T"' ^'' ''"P^^^^'O"- ••■'ways 

hands especially seem tohl a. Ld Tnt ^- " 'r u''''" "'"''■ »- 

wonderfully shapely with long h^ ,nd „ .^ «" '^" ^''" ^''"'"' ■ 

for delicate dissection and ex1;Jrim;.ntat ."T^H " 'd"' ""^^ """' "^''^ 

h.s character-in earlier years rich hn n J ,■ ^"^'^ ™' =' '"'^''^ "f 

execution of the King his mastr-alwf^^^ '''; '■'''" ^'•■^'"-^''^ 

-uslinorlawnoftheietqualtfo clar'" ^ ™'k"" "''"•'-■'' ''^ 
again with lace or embroiderv A „^!n 1 1 f wristbands, but never 

of the smallest stature, on ^ife wh^'oleTva" bV Z t"'' '"" " '"'"• 
gout or sciatica. "'vaoie when he was not racked by 

their possession, as well as to C W ll ' f, ''".'"''"'<= "^ ""^ P^^^^"'^ '" 
of Physicians of London, to Mr SidT v H R H™"! "'^""^ '*°y'-" '^°"^g<-' 
Hospital, to Mr. Emery Walker and tn.hr?'^ "i^'' '^^rtholomew's 
courteous Controller, fo^ mul'^C^n gt^^eT'™ "^^-^^^ ^''' "^ 



L. 



f 



CONTENTS 



I. Portrait in University College. London . 

" the Royal College of Physicians (aet. su. 50) 

III- „ .. Merton College, Oxford ... 

IV the Royal College of Physicians . 

V the possession of General Sir Francis Lloyd, k.l 

VI. „ at Caius College, Cambridge .... 
VII. „ in the Aberdeen Medico-Chirurgical Society . 

VIII. „ in the Bodleian Library 

IX. „ in the possession of the Rev. J, Franck Bright, D.n. 
X. „ in the Royal College of Physicians (Janssen's) 
XI. ,. in the possession of Mr. D'Arcy Power (aet. su. 61I 
XII. „ in the possession of the Royal Society 

XIII. Faithorne's Bust 

XIV. The King's Weston Portrait .... 
XV. Portrait in the Natio.nal Portrait Gallery 

XVI. Portrait in the Erich Galleries, New York 
XVII, Portraitin the possession of J. P. Cobbold. Esq 
XVIII and XIX. Bust in Hempstead Church, Es.sex 

XX. Harvey's Coffin 

A List of En,i!raved Portraits, Busts, and Statues 



14 
16 
■9 



30 
33 
36 
38 
40 
42 
44 
45 



1 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON 

Head and shoulders directed to the rjirh. h.,A . 

J'th grey, thick moustache and beard ;fu| fee f^fh' '"," '''"'^'^^' dark tinged 
dressor cloak, the folds of which are appa n^rs'uno^^d h "■:' ^ "'"' '>■"■ '"" 

Canvas ,, i„. by ., in., inscribed in ,00 left S ^ '"' '""' '"<• "™'- 
Socratem.' '"P '^f-hand corner, ■ Quis jgno^, fig„„ 

^Jrt^LtrZ''-''''^''" '^^ '^- ^^' -« engraved for .he /„,,.. 

'.w:^rr::Llt:;^^-:^.Co».rStreet,byM.Ceorgene,d 
whom i, descended through DrHa„ev^s ^T^' "'^'"" '° S'-- E- Har^-ey „ 

>o M. C. Kierevel. (rjej-fs^!, "'"^^""-d I'™"-. The portrait is attribmed 

Willis, in his ii/t of Ha'-vev sav. 'Tt c 
«'y College, London, is certainT^i a Irtra" Th '"'"f ""'"'"■ »' ""-er. 
appears correct. ^ P""^"" "f Harvey.' A verdict which 



Lj 



t«U)i 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 



II 

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 

I" T.lt Srrct.,rv% Kuom. 
A bust in an oval bcarinu II, 
'^7. acu.„ suae So ^'Z::!'\^r>2:^ :^"-'- ""-y M.D. Ca.. K.C.... 
b. .ng jack« with long .keve. TMackeU blln 7:""'^" w™""« .^ clo«ly. 
""''" ""■< 'he armhole, of the sleevefarel^ "i ''""" ""= f™"' ^ '1"^ bu«o„. 
wears a lawn collar open in .ront and Uh """""'''''<'■ ^''h gold embroidery He 

The portrait is painted on a nanel .nrf .i, 

'• w« bough, in London for the M;c,;t7 rP^ 

•"^or.a.ion .„d.y supplied by M^ .^ l^^ij^, ZZ ^d'sS;* "^ 



"JiJ 



in 



MERTON COLLEGE 



m 



MERTON COLLEGK 



Tl.e portn-it is ascrLd^.n'', 3 "fT''"'' '^ "h. College. ' 



'II is probably 



Ill 




IV 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 



IV 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 

H.NO,™ ,» ™, D.,.vo.R„o„ „. ™, R„,,, c„,,,,, „^ 
PiivsrcuMs OF London. 

e-e^dS^:ii;r;s -^^rir^pLr^^^ ---^ ^"" ^- .. 

w,th a plain white linen coUar withoutlassels Th ^ " ^'"'"' '" ' ^"""""^ «<>«■" 
■"ore grizzled than in No. Ill and he anoea" . h ' ""'"''='^''=' ='"'1 beard arc 

The portrait is painted o„ . j"^ ^'^ " ""»" °' ^l^O"' 55-s8 

Which i.d'ecora.ed^irHrrcroT:rr^''\'^''» ^"■-*'^ 

by .he College on the recommendaln of Dr Th. d "'J,',?"^'" '" ^''"'''" '" 'W 
■s not identical with, the portrait erravedbvHh! ^"'"'""'- " '"^''"'''les, ^t 
or .. and P. Knapton in .^,3. ..^^t^^^l^ ^- - the co. 



IV 




THE ROLLS PARK PORTRAIT 



THE ROLLS PARK PORTRAIT 

Soccly :,rt tendered for the loan „f ,1, ' ''°"' ""= '""s' 'hanks of the 

™de. The picture w.,f:r;j;;;:;R,r^?r'i^:™"' ^^^^ "-= '""•"y'^^ 

Hail, Oswestrj., Salop by Camain Hi/h , 7, , "' ^"'' ™'' '■™''ved to Aston 

;;.e Harvey fa™l,3Mllu'gh'r If ::'d-;i,t":rAV''^ 'r«"' ''^■■'""''- 
It appears very doubtful whether th. portrait 1? "' ^"' ^"''' ""^J'- 

"r. W,ll,am Harvey. P°"'^" ™' <'™'- mtended to represent 



VI 



CAIUS COl.I.I'GE, CAMBRIDGH 



VI 
CAIUS COLLKGE. CAMBRIDGE 

A hall Kntclh hanginK m Ihu Filluw»' C.jmbinallon Koom al Cam, Colkm- 
CambndKi-. It riprt-sc.nt!. Harvey lookinK almost full-faceil at the spectator H.' 
wears a dark jackH with a largt- white linen collar. The face is not so thin or worn 
as m some ul the other portraits, and is appai^ntly that of a younger man The 
ha,r IS scanty „n the top of the hea.l, but he is weanng his moustache aiul b.ard in 
the shape maile familiar by other portraits. 

The paint.ni; measures 23) in by aoj in. It was given to the College in 1 706 by 
ih,. Karl of I ..irester, afterwards Marquis of Townshend. The painter is unknown 

Information received from the Master of the College— Dr Hugh Kerr 
Ariders<.n F K S,-.md from Dr. J. Venn, K.R.S. 



'I 



VI 




,4/1 



VII 



ABERDHKN PORTRAIT 



VII 



ABERDEEN I'DRTRAII' 

A bust with falling collar, no tassels. The collar cmbi'oidered at the edge as in 
the portrait at Merton College. Oxford. The hair is scantier and the face is that ol 
an older man than in the Merton College Portrait (No Ilh- 

This picture was presenteil to the Aherdeen Medico-Chirurgical Societ> by 
Sir Walter Farqiihar on July 4, 1815, witli the statement that it had been given to 
him * some time ago ' by Lord Besborough. 

The photograph from which the collotype was made was kindly lent Ij> 
Dr. Matthew Ha}', Professor of Forensic Medicine and Piiblir Health in the 
University of Aberdeen, 



VII 




VIII 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY PORTRAIT 



VIII 



BOULHIAN LIBRARY I'ORTRAH' 

The Bodleian Librarj' at Oxford containi, a portrait of William Harvey a^i ili.d 
to I Wcillaston. It is 1 bust, three-quarters to left. lonB grey hair, brushed bark 
oir'the forehead, grey moustache and tuft on chin . face deeply lined ; white falling 
collar with tassel : black Rmvn : painted in an oval spandrel. A canvas 30 m. 

by 25 in. 

Given to the University by Humphrey Bartholomew of University Colle|;e in 
1135 in his set of eight doctors. ,, , , „ 

The oortrait is similar, but not exactly so. ti. a mezzotint by McArdell. 
iCalahgiii ;[ Oxjord Porlmils^ Compiled by Mrs. Reginald I.ane Foole, vo.. 1. 
p. 51. No. 126. Oxford. 1812.) 



Vlll 




IX 



DR. FRANCK BRIGHTS PORTRAIT OF HARVEY 



IX 



DK. F'KANCK BKIGiri'S POR I'KAIT < )K HARVIiY 



riiis portrait is undoubtedly tlit- most pIca-iiiiK picture ot Pr William Harvt-j'. 
It is owned by the Kcv. Jame . Franck UriRht, D.IJ.. lormcrly Master of University 
CollcKc Oxford. The piciur.; is at Hollow Hill, DitchinRhain. Norfplk, and the 
Historiral Section is greatly indebted to Dr. Hriglit for lending the negative from 
which this collotype has been made. The picture was inherited from l>r, Richard 
Bright 1 1 789 18581. physician to Guy's Hospital, to whom it was given by Sir Francis 
Milman, M.I>. )i746-iaiin. It is unsigned and has always been attributed to Sir 
Anthony Van Dyck 1:399 1641), though several later critics prefer to think that it 
was painted by William van Bemme! 11630 17081, 

It is a three-quarter length on canvas measuring 4 ft. 34 in. by 3 ft. 4I in., and 
represents Harvey standing and leaning lightly upon a crutch stick which he holds 
in his right hand, whilst in his left is a handkerchief with a gold fringe. He isdressed 
s(»l» "'■ - black with the plain white collar. The hair is iron-grey antl long, as 
w, },.it he usually wore it. The face is small, drawn, pointed, with a good 

strong brow and forehead and a delicate mouth, shaded but not concealed by the 
small moustache and slightly peaked beard. The expression is remarkably thought- 
ful and almost suffering, for the painter has represented the mood ', which Dr. Ent 
found him. when in reply to the question, ' Satin' salva omnia? ' he gave the noble 
answer, ' (Jui possint, ubi turbarum plena respublica, ego-ue adhuc ipsemet in alto 
niari?' The hands are singularly delicate and are most beautifully painted, with 
much character. There is no background to the picture, but in the right top quarter 
of the canvas is painted the coat armour usually assigned to the Har\ey family, 
complete witli crest and motto, which are not elsewhere given. The arms are those 
of the ancient Harvy family quartered with the coat used by Sir Daniel Har\-ey of 
Coombe Hill, Surrey, viz. Argent, two bars wavy, sable on a chief of the last three 
crosses patee fitchee or ; and or, a chief indented sable, three crescents argent. 
The crest is the ' stemma ' of the lighted candle entwined by two serpents and the 
motto ' piu (>^arde, piu SplendfNf ) '. The crest is a specially interesting feature of 
the armorial bearings, for it is similar to the ' stemma ' or memorial to Har\-ey 



iliwruvcriil al I'ailua in 1B9J inil cliKcriliiil hy Hrol Itarwin m ihi Caml>rKl|{i- 
Antiquarian b»K-itty's Comtniwinilum^. vol, viii (16^) The mottu, too, iI^k-s not 
a|>(xar ulsiwhcn . «o it may li.' ab^umt<l that thiw irmunal lnarinK" win ailoplecl 
by William Hamylor his inili\iilu.il um It !■. intLTt'stinii tiispccuUli whithrr thi' 
■»H'mma' at I'ailua was |ilmiil in position when Harvey was a stmlint ;.nd was 
thus prnphrtic, .ir whether 11 was not put into the .loisltr by his onler when he 
visitcil Patlua many years later ami hail alreaily made his name as a meilical liiihl ', 
m whit- h ease the iTi'st i^ tntri ly symlmlle 



IX 




I :1 






ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 

(In the Large Library) 
Oil Painting iiy Cornelius Janssen 

Three-quarter figure, sitting in a large antl<hair, directed to the left ; three- 
quarter face, looking at the spectator ; in gown, the arms of which are fastened with 
braided loops ; the plum-coloured velvet sleeves of the under-coat have reversed 
cuffs. The left hand rests on a stone parapet, the finger outstretched as if in 
demonstration ; the right hand holds a doctor's hat, which rests between the knees 
and is held sideways. The face is thin and long, with a small peaked beard and 
scanty grey hair. There is a stone pillar in the middle background ; curtain to 
right, clouds to left. Size of canvas 52 in. by 42 in. 

The pedigree and authenticity of this portrait ar*; incontestable, as it was one 
of the three pictures saved at the Great Fire of London in 1666, which destroyed the 
College of Physicians then situated in Amen Corner. It is possible that the portrait 
was expressly painted for the College and it may have been a gift from Haney 
himself. It is a pleasing picture spoilt by the right hand, which is so painted as to 
make it seem deformed. 

The painter Cornelius Janssen or Janson van Keulen 1 1590 1664) lived in 
England from about 1618, until 1648, and was for the whole of that time a popular 
portrait painter. There are several reputed Janssen portraits of Harvey, some 
at least of which may have been painted as replicas by one or other of Janssen's 
pupils. 



XI 



MR. DARCY POWER'S PORTRAIT OF HARVEY 



XI 



MK. DARCY K)\VI-:R'.S POKTRAIT OF HARVEY 



A three-quarter length of Harvey una panel miasuring iji in. x lajin. Harvey 
l^. represented standing in his study, with his left hand resting upon a table whereon 
is spread a diagram of the arterial system. He is clothed in a long-sleeved, 
damasceneil waistcoat confined at the waist by a belt, with collar and wristbands of 
point lace. Over all he wears a long gown heavily trimmed with fur. The back- 
ground is a green curtain partially drawn aside to show the shelves of his study, and 
on the curtain is an inscription in red letters : ' Gulielmus Harveus M.D. Aet. sue 
6l, 1639.' The accessories are interesting. On the table a watch keeps down the 
i;dge of the diagram to prevent it folding up. There is an inkstand with a quill 
pen in it and a terrestrial globe. Immediately behind the table is a shelf on which is 
a simple microscope fitted with a coarse and fine adjustment, a retort partly filled 
with lluid, a pair of scissors, a dissecting-knife, and a sheet of paper. The bookcase 
consists of six wooden shelves divided by a median partition. The lowermost sholf 
has a urine-glass and a minim measure. In the partition nearest Harvey are two 
llasks, one containing a green, the other a red fluid ; a wide-mouthed jar covered 
with parchment - the jar is earthenware— and behind it are two square bottles like 
case-botUes. .\ quire of loose paper leans against it On the other side of the 
partition of this lower shelf are two bottles, one unsioppered, the other stoppered, 
filled respectively with a red and green fluid. There is also an object like 
a Catherine wheel. The second shelf from the bottom contains thirteen dumpy 
duodecimo volumes bound uniformly in parchment, whilst upon the other side of 
the partition are three quarto volumes well bound in morocco and piled one upon 
the other. The third shelf from the bottom is filled with books, four of which are 
smaller than the rest. The fourth shelf is wholly filled with books except for 
a space shov.-ing where one has been removed. The fifth shelf contains books of 
various sizes. On the top shelf are two skulls, a square case upon which stands 
a stoppered phial filled with some red substance, and four earthenware jars whose 
mouths are closed with parchment covers tied on. The picture is unsigned. 
It is painted in the traditional style, where much attention was paid to the 



minuli- (ielaiU of dress and accessories, so that Ihf work became almost ihat of 
a miniaturist. The face is clearly that of Harvey, a little lined, beard and 
moustache of the usual cut, hair worn long, partly hidden by a skullcap. It 
represents Har\ey in his happier days when as yet the King his master was alive, 
for in 1639-lhe date of the picture -he had just been appointed Senior Physician 
in Ordinarj- to the King, a post which carried with it those lodgings at Whitehall 
pillaged by the mob in 164a, when his goods were stolen and his papers scattered 
The picture may show these very lodgings. In spite of its appearance of ,ig( 
there is reason to doubt whether it is a contemporary portra 



XI 




ihi 



Xll 



ROYAL SOCIETY PORTRAIT 



XII 

ROYAL SOCIlil Y PORTRAIT 

A half-figure dircctcil lo tht left, ihreequa^ . . face, looking al Ihe specutof, in 
dark dose-fitting cloak with a row of closcl- -placed buttons in thi- rtntri-, whiti 
collar (which mcet-i at the throat ami is , ,quarc) without Ussels, black skull-cap, 
which almost entirely covers the I , >. .ept at the left sidi- ; grey miiustache, slight 
grey hair on lower chin. Si/e abo; i ,< m. by 35 in It probably reprise nts Har\u) 
between fifty and sixty years of a»ic 

This portrait is staled in C R. Weed's Drsiriflivr Calalu/fur of Hit t'orlmil^ 
in tht Posscssiou n/llir •! Society, i860, p, 36, lo be by be Rcyn, hut m the 

numerous engravings o .... painter is civin as Janssen. It was presented lo the 
Royal Society by the Rev .john Maplctofl, M.l). (1631 -17311, who was electerl F.R.S 
February 10, 1675 6. The collotype is m.lde from a steel engraving of Ihi picturi 

Jan de Reyn I1610-167B1 was a pupil of Van Dyck, whom he accompaniL-; 1,1 
England and after whose death in 1641 he returned to his horn, at Diinkirl- 



1"W 



XII 




I:;. 



FAITHORNE'S BUST 



^S 



XIII 



FAITHORNE'S BUST 



A copy of the bust of Harvey by William Faithorne (the elder) (1616-1691). 
The bust, without the pedestal and allegorica! figures, forms the frontispiece to the 
English edition of The Anatomical Exercitalious concerning; the Generation of Living 
Creatures, publislied during Har\'ey's lifetime in 1653. The likeness is probably 
a good one, as Faithorne was personally known to Harvey and he was one of the 
most distinguished engravers and portrait painters of his time. It should therefore 
represent Harvey as he appeared at the age of 65 or 66 years. 



■Ililll..^ 



XllI 




'<. I S i- 



m 



XIV 



THE KING'S WESTON PORTRAIT 



XIV 



THE KING'S WESTON PORTRAIT 



Thib portrait is at King's Weston House near Bristol in Gloucestershire, and 
is in the possession of P. Napier Miles, Esq., to whom the Historical Section offers 
its grateful thanks for the facilities he has offered for obuining a successful 
photograph. Thanks are also given to Dr. J. A. Nixon of Clifton, who has spared 
himself no troubU- tci obtain the photograph from which the present collotype 
was made. 

The picture is an oil-painting on canvas measuring 40 in. by 38 in. It is let 
into the wall on the right-hand side of the fireplace, with the light of the great west 
or north-west window falling full upon it. It is surrounded by a plaster moulding 
grained in imitation of a light wooden frame. The portrait is that of an old man- 
nearer 80 than 70— with a small oval face, hollow-cheekf d and wide-browed. The face 
is deeply lined and the eyes sunken. The beard is pointed, the hair grey, scantier 
and more nearly white than in Janssen's picture at the Royal College of Physicians. 
The whole expression is one of fatigue. He is sitting in a chair at a table, clothed 
in black and bare-headed. His gown is short-sleeved, without strings or buttons. 
The sleeves of a more shiny (velvet ?) jacket or doublet show below the short sleeves 
of the gown. They end in a narrow white linen cuff, which is turned back to 
a depth of about half an inch. The gown, which is edged with fur, is open in front 
and shows the breast of a black velvet jacket, which is quite plain, without buttons or 
join in front. Round the neck is a soft white collar, smoothly turned down and not 
rumpled as in Janssen's picture. The linen of the collar and cuffs is of delicate 
texture, as is shown by its transparency. Harvey is represented sitting in a chair at 
a table, with the right hand resting upon a book, in old calf binding without lettering, 
which stands on end with its back to the spectator. The hands are exquisitely 
painted, small and very life-like. It is almost possible to feel the difference between 
the grasp of the right hand, which holds the book, and that of the left, which lies 
negligently on the end of the arm of the chair. The face, which is turned three- 
quarters to the left, has very decided high lights on the forehead and left cheek. 
The table is on the left side of the picture, and the colour of the chair, ubie cover— 
which is naturally indented by the knee of the sitter— and book are all of a light 
S3 



bruwn. Thu chair itscmblcs Ihat in Janssen's picturi'. It has become brown with 
atli-, but was perhaps originally pink. The background of the picture, which is 
without detail, is of a neutral brown tint, which lies between raw sienna and burnt 
limber, and is almost identical with the colour of thu chair and Ubie, which are thus 
lendered inconspicuous, though the figure i* thereby thrown into relief. The canvas 
is labelled ' Ur. Harvey ' in bold letters at the top right-hand comer. A copy in oils. 
13 in. by 13 in., was made lor Dr. Nixon and is signed ' Frank Holmes, Clifton, 1913 '■ 
Miss Kussell. an aunt of Lord de Clifford, who formerly owned King's Weston, 
writes : • The pictures in the Great Hall at King's Weston near Bristol, formerly the 
seat of the Southwell family, were placed there by Mr. Edward Southwell, who died 
i" '75,1 T'ey ^i"<^ sll '» ^ accounted family portraits except two hung together, 
one of Dr. William Har\'ey, the other of Sir Heneage Finch, Earl of Nottingham, 
and the connection of these two is easily accounted for. Sir Robert Southwell, the 
"Ned Southwell " of Swift's letters ( 1635-17021, principal Secretary of State for Ireland 
under William 1 1 1 and five times President of the Royal Society from 1690, studied 
medicine at Oxford— whilst Harvey was at Merton College— and anatomy abroad. 
He married on 36th January, 1664, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Dering 
of Surrenden- Dering in Kent- a "very pretty woman" according to Pepys- 
whose mother was a daughter of Daniel Harvey, Dr. Will.am Har\'ey's brother. 
Elizabeth, .-mother daughter of Daniel Harvey, married Heneage Finch. The 
two portraits therefore are those of Lady Southwell's Grand-uncle and Uncle.' 
The Rev. Richard Warner, in his Excursions from Bath, 1801, attributes the picture 
to Sir Pet'_r Leiy (1618- 1680J, and as it is clearly in his earlier style it is modelled 
on the style of Van Dyck, to whom it has been attributed. Van Dyck, however, 
died in December, 1641, and Harvey was not so old or worn at this time. 



XIV 




XV 



NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY 



XV 
NATIONAL IKJUTKAIT GALLERY 

A hall lingth ligurc scat, il in a largi- ; rm-chair, direcled to the right; three- 
i|U.iniT face, looking at llie spectntiir; in dark velvet coat or cloak with closely 
arranucil row of buttonv. in the centre ; the coat or cloak with six rows of braided 
bands, cut square at the elbows. A lighter sleeve is shown with narrow white 
cuffs u- wristbands. The right hand is resting on a pillar and holds a cap. which is 
upright ; the left hand rests on the arm of the chair. The falling collar has no tassels. 
The eves are small and dark, the complexion sallow, and the features worn : the 
hair, moustache, and chintuft arc white. There is a general resemblance to 
Harvey, but the face is loo round, and the hands are certainly not like the hands 
portrayed in the other pictures. 

The canvas measures 384 in. by 31 in. and is insc r ibed ' Gulielmus (Magnus illel 
Harveius". It was purchased from the trustees of J. O, Else in January. 1859, 
and is partly reproduced in the facsimile issue of /In Amlomical Uisxrlalim u/mi 
lite Movciiicnl v/llii- Hcarl anil liloml 111 /imviali. Privately printed for G. Morelon, 
Canterburv, 18^. 



il 



xv 




XVI 



PORTRAIT FROM THE ERICH GALLERIES 



m 



XVI 



PORTRAIT FROM THE KRICH GALLERIES 

Head and shoulders, to the right, nearly fuil fact ; wearing a dark gown with 
wide falling collar and tassels loosely lied. The face is thoughtful, with a full 
moustache and pointed beard. Head covered with a skull-cap allowing the hair to 
escape below it and exposing a wide brow. The canvas is signed very obscurely 
in the comer, just above the right shoulder, 'C.J. 1641 '. It is attributed tojanssen 
and was bought by Mr. Erich at a sale. It appears doubtful whether the portrait 
represents Dr. William Har\'ey. 

Size 30 in, by 25 in. 



'MmnmitJ-i'xiKmtaL 



XVI 




■■3:!mm,wms9fm^ 




M^M^^m^is^i^mwi^M^M^m^^ 




^^msm^Nmmmmmms^'i^imB^jsmmin^'^m^mm'. 



XVII 
MR. CDBBOLDS PORTRAIT OF HARVEY 



A half-length, standing, full lace. If this is a portrait of Haney it represents 
him as a much older man than many of the others, untrimmcd, dishevelled, and 
.tltogether different from the spruce, weH-groomed man who is usually represented. 

The portrait is in the possession of John P. Cobbold, Esq., of Holywells, 
Ipswich, who has very courteously supplied the photograph from which the present 
collotype has been made. Dr. John Ogle (Harx'eian Oration for 1880, p. irS) states 
— without mentioning his authority—that the picture formerly belonged to the Earl 
of Winchilsea. It was copied by the Rev. Richard Cobbold, a former member of 
Caius College, Cambridge, ;ind the copy was presented by him to the College in 
1843- 



XVII 





iv/;»^.^--.: 



XVIII AND XIX 

BUST IN HEMPSTEAD CHURCH 



XVI 1 1 AND XIX 



BUST IN HEMl'STEAD CHURCH 

The bust is placed in Ihe wall of the church at Hempstead and forms part of 
a marble monument with a long inscription in I.ntin, The bust was carefully 
examined some years ago by Mr. Thomas Woolner, R.A„ who came to the 
conclusion that it was made from a death mask. He says of it, ' The features 
presented by the bust are clearly those of a dead face. The sculptor exhibits 
no knowledge of sculpture except when he was copying what was directly lielore 
him. With the cast of the face for his copy he has shown true artistic delineation, 
but all that he has been obliged to add to make up the bust is of the worst possible 
quality. The ears are placed entirely out of position, the l«rge, redundant head of 
hair is altogether out of character, imaginary, and badly executed, and the drapery 
of the shoulders is simply despicable.' The second collotype | PI. XIX] shows that 
the right ear is a mere hole pierced in the rough marble block which forms the back 
of the head. No attenpt is made to supply the pinna. 



XX 

HARVEY'S COFFIN 



XX 



A photograph of Harvey's coffin taken about 1882. The coffin is shown 
propped up in the vault of the Har\'ey chapel at Hempstead Church. It is of lead 
with a rudely modelled face, a rope being twisted round the neck and a plate upon 
the chest bearing the inscription 

DOCTOR 

\VILl.l,\M + HARVF-y + 

DECEASED +THE + 3 + 

OF + JUNE + 1657 + 

ACED + 79 + YEARS. 

The leaden shell with its contents was deposited in the marble sarcophagus 
provided by the Royal College of Physicians of London on St. Luke's Day 1883. 

The photograph from which the collotype was made was kindly sent by 
Mr. Willoughby Arthur Blackstone, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. 



XX 




i 



ENGRAVED PORTRAITS 

The British Museum Catalogue 0/ Etigraviii Portraits, by Freeman O'Donoghuc, 
F.S.A. (Lond. 1910, vol. ii, p. 459), gives a list of the Engraved Portraits of William 
Harvey, which has been enlarged by Mr. Sidney H. Badcock. who has made a special 
study of the Har\'ey Engravings. 

I. H.L. to R. in gown ; oval frame with ornaments. Plate to Birch's heads. 
Pub. Knapton, 1739, from the picture ' in the collection of Dr. Mead '. 

Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, J. Houbraken. 

Line, 14IX8} in. 

One proof with artist's name only ; two lettered impressions. In the first 
tdition the portrait has a very narrow margin. A few copies were published 
in parts with a wider margin. The plate was also published as a proof 
before letters, a proof with letters and a wide margin, and it was issued In 
both states on India paper. It was re-cut for the fourth edition of Birch 
published in 1813 with a mai'gin of a-ai inches. 
3. A copy of the last with the ornaments ; reversed and a square frame added to 
enclose the whole picture. Pub. G. Kearsly, ' 777. From the Copper-ptate 
Magazine. 

Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, T. Cook. 

Line, 5JX4I in. 

3. Another copy with the ornaments ; reversed. Plate to Universal Magazine. 

Pub. J. Hinton. 
Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, Anon. 
Line, 6i>c4 in. 

4. Another copy to u, nearly full face ; in Doctor's gown and collar with the 

strings tied: in an oval frame resting on a pedestal lettered 'William 

Harvey M.D.' 
Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, T. Cook. 
Line, sJxaSin. 

4S 



ENGRAVED PORTRAITS 

Another copy, bust only to h. ; oval, at hra'l of an account of him. Plate to 

liiof;rnf*hital Ma^aziiir. Cub. 11 irrison ^v Co., 1795. 
PaintiT. Ber. mcl. Engraver, P. Audinct, 
L'nc, ij X 1) in. 

AnolhiT copy, busi only to 1.. ; without background ; tour Latin lines belo'.v. 
Painter, Bcmmel. Engraver, Anon. 
Line. 
Nearly W.L. to h. seated, in gown, hat in h. hand. From the picture at the 

Colk-ge of Physicians of London. Frontispiece to \\\i Optra OmMui. 1766. 

Corn. Jonvon, pinxt. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, J. Hall. 
Line, 7JX6J in. 

Similar to the last I- : reversed. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, Anon. 
Line, 9^x7 in. 
Similar to the last; tLL. only to i.., oval frame. Unfinished plate as left at 

McArdell's death. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engra\-'r, J. McArdell. 
Mezz., II X9 In. 
Similar to the lasi; H.L. to l. Collar, with tassels tied, and doctor's gown. 

Pub. Laurie .»nd Whittle, 1794. Van Dyck, pinxt. 
This appears to be the re worked plate from which No. 9 was printed with th*' 

incorrect attribution to Van Dyck. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, J. McArdetL 
Mezz. 13x0 in. 

Similar to la^t but to r. Proof before any inscription. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, (?). 
Mezz. 3J X 3i in. 

Similar, head only, r. Vignette 1878. Proof before any inscription. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, C. H. Jeens. 
H.L. to L. in skull-cap. From picture belonging to the Royal Society. 

Plate in C. Knight's Portrait Gallery, 1833. 
Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, E. Scriven. 
Stipple, 5X4S in. 

Also published by Wm. S. Off, London. 
Sculptured bust on pedestal to r. Frontispiece to English translation of 

his De Gmeratiotte Animaliiim, 1653 (**agan, p. 41). 
Engraver, W. Faithorne. 
Line, 5x3! in. 

46 



■7 



ENGRAVED PORTRAITS 

ij. Copy from the lut. Circular mwlallion on pedesUl supported by two allegori- 
cal figure with the title ' I i! ir\ev ' and ' page 553 ' in top right-hand 
i-orncT. iKcproduced as Plate Xill, p. 30.) 
Line, 6] x 4} in. 
16. Nearly W.I.. to l, scaled in an armchair, in gown, hat in right hand, with title 
' Gulielmus I larvtius Doct. Professor regius Exerciiilionum Anatomicirum 
de Motu Cordis et sanguinis circulatione celeberrimus Auctor '. From the 
picture now in the National Portrait Gallery. 
Kngraver, iW. Hollar l?ll or more probably by Gaywood. 
Etchni„. 7ix6in. 

H.L. to I., in broad collar and skull-cap. Pub. J. W. Parker. 
Engraver, C. G. Lewis. 
Etching, 5} X 4t in. 
!8. W.L. 10 R., sending, holding Ublct : vignette. Pub. 1815. (Fanci'ul.) 

Painte,-. G. ''^. Cipriani. 
19. Copy of No. 13. Sculptured bust on pedesta! to R. Frontispiece lo William 
llarviy, by K. Willis, M.U . ;878. 
Photogravure, Goupil & Cie. 

30. Similar to No. 10. Head only, to R. Frontispiece to iiw.' o/P/rysiciaiis, 1830. 
Painter, C. Jansscn. Engraver, W. C. Edwards. 

Stipple, 3)x3{ in. 

31. H.L. to ■... jarly full face, in do tor's guwn, with white collar and tassels. 

Lettered ' William Harvey M.D.' Pub. Arch. Fullerton & Co., Glasgow. 

Pub. in Cunningham's Lives of Eminml EnglishnuH, 1835, and again 

in 1836. 
Engraver, S. Freeman. 
Line, 7 X 5 in. 
J3. Bust in an oval, 10 R. Doctor's gown and collar with tassels and strings tied. 

Pub. Ed. Harding, 1801. 
Sc. Harding. 
Stipfle, io|xBi in. 

"v'ignette. Bust similar to No. 5, l. Pub. in Physiognomical Portraits. 
Painter, Bemmel. Holl., - ulnt. 
Stipple, 22 X :| in. 

Bust, R. Square collar and buttoned surtout. Lettered ' Guillaume Harvey '. 
P'inter, Vigneron. Engraver, Engelman. 
i J. 11x81 in. 

47 



»3- 



34. 



■5- 



a?' 



30- 



32 



Frontispiece to IVttliam Harvy, b) D'Arcy 
EngraviT. Hall. 



ENGRAVKO PORTRAITS 

BuRi, inscribed 'William Harvey M. P." between two columns. It forms the 
up|)cr half of the ccrtiHcate given to pupils attending the Anatomical and 
Chirurgical lectures of Dr. William Hunter. The plate sc-.-ns to have 
come into the possession afterwanis of George Fordyce, M.D. (1736-1809), 
who used it fur a similar purpose. 

Line, ii|x8in. 

Nearly W.I-. to r ., seateit, in gown, hat in left hand, From picture at Royal 
College f Physicians. Pub. in Pcttigrews Portrait GaiUr^; 1840. It was 
also published separately in proof and as a proof before letters. 

PaintiT, C Jansons {sir). Kngravi;r, J. Thomson. 

Printed by McQueen. 

Steel cngniving, 3I x 3J in. 

Jansscn's picture revers^>d. 

Reduced copy of No. 8. 

Power, (897. 
Painter, Cornelius Jonson isic). 
Photo-8C., 3x31 in. 

Th re (-'-quarter length to r., standing, in gown, left hand on diagram of arterial 
system ; apparatus, shelves, and books in the background. 

Painter, (?). 

Process block. 6J K5 in. 

Presented to members of the Historical Section of '.he Royal Society of 
Medicine, Nov. 191a. See also Profredinfis of the /foyai Society of Meiiicinr 
(Section of History). 1012, vi, p. 31, PI. H. 

Bust to [.., in doctor's gown. The base of the pedestal inscribed 'Guil. Harvei 

iltus.' 
Etching, ^l X3a in. 

Bust to R. 
W. Read. .sc. 
Engraving, 6ix ;J in. 

Bust to L. The medal of the Edinburgh Hunterian Society with the lettering 

'InGul. Har\ei honorem MUCCLXXXII'. 
Etching, 3x i2 in. 
Bust to R., in doctor's gown, with wide lace collar and strings untied. Pub. by 

C. Forster in the Literary Magazine ami British Review, 1790. 
Painter, Bemmel. Sculpt., Blackberd. 
Line, 7X4J in. 

4« 



engkaved i>ortraits 

Hunt tn H. «■> in N.I 3a. Hub. by ,1 Robinn, 1B30. 

i'ainirr, ncmmil. tngrnvrr, J. Thom«on. 

Slipplp, 7ix^l in 

Bu«l lu I., marly full facf. in doctor'* gown with collar ami stringH tied, in an 

oval rcslinn on a block which ii Ictlcrcil nilliam llarviy M I).' No namr 

of painter or engraver. 
Line, sJ « 3I in. 
Bust to 1.., >urtout buttoned, plain linen collar, no tassels, »kullcap Lettered 

'W. Harvey M.D.' Hrb. by C. Knight in Oilimrl /\iHmil Crllfry 'if 

liritiyli U'liiihrn, vol. vii ^6. 
Ltching, 3) x'al in. 
■llar\.v demonstrating 10 Charles ist his theory of the Circulation of the 

Blowl.' From a paintini; by R. Hannah. Line engravinK y H. Leman. 

I'ub. Messrs Lloyd Hros. & Co., aa Ludgali Hill, 1B51 (See the Limtl, 

1851, i, p. 382.) Fanciful. 
■Haivey with the two childlen nf Charles i- the battle ol Kdgchill '642.' 

Fanciful. 
W. F. Ycames, R A., pinxt. H. Dixon, photo. 
Frontispiece to Dr. John W. Ogle's Harveian Oration for iBBi. 

I. Bust to 1 , surtout buttoned with plain while falling collar: nota^ '■,: no skull- 
cap. From the portrait in the National Portrait Galli I'ub. for 
G. '.loreton, 4a Burgatc Strrcl, Canterbury, 1894. 
Photogravure, si x 3J in. 



Portraits of 1 larvey are also reproduced in Climcat Sktttltts, Lond. i8g> vol. i, 
facing page 16; B. W. Richardson, Disci/'la 11/ .Enriila/iius, 8vo. Lond. 
1910, i. 13-19; A lithograph by Hart and Mapolher, Loiii'.ville, Kentucky; 
Kngraving, G. John.son, pinxt, T. Coldwell (Lond.l, 1799; Engraving, 
Gottingen, T. C. Diclerich. 1789; Lithograph nach Hall von A. G. Eber- 
hard; Engraving, Houbrakcn, pinxt., W. R. Jones, sc. 



BUSTS 



The monument in Hempstead Church near Saffron Walden in Essex. 
Peter Scheemakers' (1691-1770) bust at the Royal College of Physicians, 

London. Presented b'- '^r. Mead in 1739. It was copied from an original 

picture in the possession of Dr. Mead. 
Coin in the British Museum. It was struck at Berlin in .Jas in honour of 

Blumenbach. 
Coin by Rogat. 
The medal of the Han'eian Society of Edinburgh. 



STATUES 

Mr. Bruce Joy's statue at Folkestone. 
Statue in the Museum at Oxford. 



O'fU ^^ Zij«uc>b