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Full text of "Perfect womanhood for maidens, wives, mothers [microform] : a book giving full information on all the mysterious and complex matters pertaining to women ... : a complete medical guide for women"

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^ APPLIED IIVHGE 



1653 Eosl Mo.n 5tr»»t 

Rochester. New York 14609 USA 

(716) 48i - 0300 - Phone 

(716) 288 - 5989 - Fox 




"■..f^.rit- i*i| l,v Man U. M,.|,.,i,ly. 

Evening: Prayer. 

litrl. ll -""u '^ ^'''r''i '^^''"' '^' "■°"^^'-"''"' ^"^^ ^^'^•'"^- P"^"^g^' "f" teaching vour 
little ones a heavenlv I'athcr s care. ^ ■ 

,H.. J,':. :i'l:[tt:T: "^''" ' '"' ""' '"^■" '° '•-"P" ^''"^'^^ ■" --^^ ^ave been 

.R. .,1,3,,-. r., ,.r:r,g:ng hw!:r.- many a proui^ai mjii and daughrer. 



PERFECT WOMANHOOD 



KOH 



MAIDENS, WIVES, MOTHERS 



A Book Givixo Full ^nfobmatiox on all the 

MYSTEHIOUS AM) C'OMIM.KX MATfEHS 

Pehtaimxg to Women 



Creative Science; Bearing, Nursing and Rearing Children; 

Hints on Courtship and Marriage; Regulating 

Number of Offspring; Health, Mental 

and Physical Beauty, etc., etc. 

INCLl'DINO 

DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMEN 

THEIR TREATMENT AND CURE 



A COMPLETE MEDICAL GUIDE FOR WOMEN 



BY 



MARY R. MELENDY, M. D.. Ph. D.. 

Of Rush Medical College, Chicago; Clinic, Cook County Hospital; Lecturer 

ON Diseases of Women and Children in the American 

Health University, etc., etc. 



The Work also Incixdes an Important Article on tuk Natcbe Atm 
Kkkkct or Alcohol, 

By dr. 1j. E. FORTIER, 

demonstrator of anatomy. laval itniversity, montreal 



WORLD PUBLISHING COMPANY 

GUELPH, ONTA.no 



Conrpi'SHT 19C1 

BY 

K T BOLANU 



All Riohts HESER\-gD 



PREFACE 



' ' M ^:^ "'^y ••"'« '^^ '^'^' l^ut women govern its destiny." is a say 
i Y 1 '"g that grows stronger with eaci, advancing ,Iecac!e. 
Woman s labors and successes, in the various fields and itHir, 
of hfe. are calling daily for more and more attention. XVl^^^^l 
her m her new role, w.th her efforts toward success in society. He at e 
sc. nee pohfcs, and the arts, we must not lose sight of her mo t ivine' 
and sublm^e mission in life-womanhood and n.oth'rhood. 

The hand that rocks the cradle, the mother of the coming man is too 
.mportant a factor to be disregarded even in the slightest deTr; and 
at ai:m ! \';" ^^''" ^° ^^'^"'^"'^ ^^^^^"^' actomp.ishm en i a.d 
h r Uh ten .""'^^ '"' ^''"'"^ '" '''' ^'^"^"^ '^''^ "^ --^-^ting 

keenly on the alert to keep up a corresponding development in the 
Phys.cal. menta and spiritual elements that go to make 'p her being 

::ct:r h:: ^y itr """°" ^" ''- - ^"^ --- — ■^' 

ind.?uh T r^ f u'""" ^''' '""^ *'^^''- '"^*y '^^^'^ ^"d ta'ents. and 
indeed the whole of their success, to their mothers. A mother's influ nee 

both on body and mind, and her powers of transm.ssion of habits, good or' 
bad are many times stronger than are those of the father. So delicate are 
such mfluences so subtile the life-giving power and the stamp of individ 
uahty^ that, wh.le she lays the foundation for the offspring, she'stamps al A 
mdehbly upon the chdd the surroundings, influences, her condition of 
body, and her thoughts m such a way as to affect the child all through its 
entire existence. ^ 

To every woman in the tand. then, we would say: This is a subiect 
worthy of your highest thought and closest stndy. as well as your mo 
prayerful effor.. Inform yourself on the natural laws governing 1^ 



8 



I'REl-ACE 



Iioo,I. uifcl.ood and n.othcrhooci, and tl.en teaci, others whom you see 
«trujf,.I,„K. .-.l....,^ in grievous suffering and anxiety h.w to conquer also 
these ill ctjuditions. 

■'VV\- ri>e by things that ai under our feet; 

By what wc have mastered of good and gain ; 

By the pride deposed and the passion slam. 
And tlie vancjuished ills that wc hourly meet." 

THE PUBLISHERS. 



^f^k 




CONTENTS. 






PART !. 

THE HUMAN BODY. 

CHA1»'I lik I. 
The Body THE Te'tlk or TiiK SoL-L. 

Man's Body, the Home of Thought— Man's Endeavor, the Mystery of Mind— Man's 
Hand, the Masti of Detail— Man's Eye, the RttUctor and Discoverer- 
Man's Veins, the Canals of Commerce— Man's |kart, the F'liNo lUat of Life— 
A Perfect Man. the Noblest Work of uod— We Hear no Sound of Hammer, but 
the Building Never Ceases 2_, 

CHAPTER II. 

The Unfolding oi- Womanhood. 

Nature's Myste-'es— How to AvoiJ Transgressing the Laws of Being— "Know Thy- 
self—What Beauty Depends Upon— Result of III Health— The Highest Ideal— 
The Mothers Influence— The Creative Trinciple- How to Avoid Base Thoughts 
—Nature Has no Secrets— The Mother as Companion to the Daughter— The 
Organs of Creative Life— The Ovaries— Fallopian Tubes— The Uterus— Vagina- 
Mammary Glands— The Age of Puberty— Menstruation— Sexual Organs, the Pur- 
pose for Which They Were Made— Evil Effects of Tight Lacing— How to Deveb.p 
the Figure— liow to Correct Deformity— First Element of Good Looks— How tn 
Become Noble, Grand and Beautiful— Law of Proportion— The Destroyer of 
Health— The Danger that Besets Girls— A Daughter's Sweetest Joy 26 

CHAPTER HI. 
Our Boys — the Fathers of the Xe.xt Generation. 

Boyhood, Its Joys and Trials— C )od Seed Brings Forth Good Fruit— As We Sow We 
Reap— The Laws of Life in Man— Every Organ Performs a Certain Work- 
Duties of Motl ers in Instructing Sf .s— Importance of Cleanliness—The Founda- 
tion of Success— Earnest and Living- Truths— Self-Abuse— Its Horrors and Cure 
— Circumcision— Evil Companions— Best Medicine for a Boy— Hours of Sleep — 
Choice of Profession or Trade — Manly Boys— tl elf Sacrifice — Daily Development 
~God's Greatest Gift 35 



lO 



COXUiXTS. 



PART II. 

LOVE. COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE. 

CMAl'TKK I\'. 
QUALrFICATIONS FOR Markiei) Lnr 

CIUI'TER V. 
Advice to thk Uxmarried 

S„luri-Donu.,tic Hapni,Kss-\ n^ •' U .fc-MarryinK Out of One's Natural 
^.f a G..0.1 Husha d-S ,„r 7 ;:.S^ 

Hnlar«cn,c.,t of the Affcc- ^s-tL O ^'""^ Parcntagc-Thc 

Mother Than W.fc-Inddib Lp c ion -kM.rc'-s T I "'""r^-^"" - •-• 
and Nurse I, for Mo and I Will llyZ. Wa«es" Zr'"' L'""' '^'''' ^''"'» 
ccption. Lawful Pride in Fine Ortsjring -'^PP^^Pfate Season for Con- 

55 

CHAPTER VI. 

The Marriage Relation- 
l>...i» ,„d Pka.,.,,, „| Ma St "? iJ l^h'^J-RcmcJ, for Di.cor,!,- 

CHAPTER MI. 
^^''"'"""'' ■'■'^■'' ""^' '"^ ^^■''' "E Overcome. 

WdJSi; ;.^:S;;r^;.°;5^^^^^-""^^^-/^--^-Ti.^ Umversc Tends 

.Surroundings - Tl [ r ; ', u ",h f^ r ''", ^^'^P-'-'-'ity-Environ.nent or 

Physical Iltlpcd InX M ,Ip ;;;" J'^'"' " ^'r^"' Conversation - The 

Great Thi„gs-In,pro.enK„ for th/ R ce_Horto7) ""' ^""f^''— E'^Pect 
acteristics Kace— How to Overcome Hereditary Char- 

66 




Mary. The Perfect Mother and the Christ Child 

.Wn„-,,h,-„:,n.,„,„,l„ ..l.'.--.M..,,l,i,M-l.,,„„., Ml,,,, . „r„l,„. , 

-ul n.u a» He went -„ -Lep „p.,n ,t. ,he mu,t ha,,- mm,. •,. Finn ,„„.. ,uch onK a' 
she learned in leave"!- .„,,.;. '• "S '"' " 'Jniy as 



rniijii . 



CONTEiYTS. 
PART III. 

THE ORGANS OF GENERATION. 

CHAPTER VIII. 
The Human Pelvis 

Part of the Body-The Ovarie -V?he ' s'ltTcl Rew" '^o'"^' '^'"^'''^•^ 
Human System-When Conception Takes Phce-V^a^P "^ "/ ?'T'' '" ""^ 
opnicnt of the Embryo-Growth of tl,r Vi. , n ^-^^ '"' °^ "''^ Egg-Dcvel- 

Placenta-The Umbifical Cord-Tie BreaS F^fT V'"/^;^.^' *'" ^""'^-The 
Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth ^^^'^'-f';^'- Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth. 

Circulation-H^w tht Unb"or„ Cht iflJo^^riled "'^^^"'^ Deve.opmem-Foetai 

71 

CHAPTER IX. 

Menstruation. 

A Subject of Great Importance— Every Living Thin„ r 

and Animal Kingdom Compared-!^ e feat 7 I r'n'°'" '" ^««-V^«^'^'''«^ 
Fluid of the Male-Duration of the MnntW i-'^^-Ong-n of Germ-Seminal 
Reception of the Ovum C "hf Jterus R \ T?'''~^""^''°" «' '^I-^^- 
Early Marriages-Duties Dur g MenstrTat'-W L ^^^""^''""- «^ ^- 

-Symptoms of Menstruation-Nature of Z V "^'f "f*^"^""" Commences 

Irregularities-Poverty of the BlVod-Rffectl f rv" "'•' Dischargc-M.nstrual 
Me„ses-An Inordinate F ow-^Pa^ful Melstr. ^^'^^'P^^'^^-SuPPression of the 
pressed by Pregnancy-Effects of ^t:ing-;irnVwr„\ .'^^""'.^^^^^ 

CHAPTER X. 
Pregnancy. 

''^S^tr"^orL^T;"rm;;for:rB °^ ^'-?^-— order of Growth- 
-Pains in tl.e Breast-QuicSne fI r '"f Muscle-Morning Sickness 
Increase in Size-Morbid^ Long n|7-H::;r'°Brn pf''^ °^ ^'^ ''''''^'- 
Proper Dress-Air and Exercise-DrinkinJ w ^ ,^u'"''""-^'"'-'P'^^^"«s- 

CHAPTER XI. 
A w . ^^•''^°-^'^««^« OF Pregnancy and How Overcome. 

^'^l^t;t^Tl,:t''''^''^rT-^^^- "■ ^'^ Abdomen- 
Skin of the AbdoLn-Trothache h\^7'^^''"~?7''^" Legs-Stretching of the 
of the Heart-Cramps-Leucorrhoe^or S ,?' ^-pples-Fainting-Palpitation 

Thrush of the Vagina-False Labor P '^ ~ ^^ ^"^ °' '^^ ^'""""' P^^'^" 

Table .!..... P3'"s-Penod of Gestation-A Pregnancy 

Ill 



^"^ COXTEXTS. 

CHAPTER XII. 

Pre-Xatal Cllture. 

Mystery of Life— Culture Before Birth— Perfect Phllrlr^n p -i,! ^. „ 

Father Xee.l Not he ^•isited Upon thrC.nTdrSlI len e"of t^cM f " °' V'= 
Lnborn-An Atmosphere of Tenderness-How to Give a Child ,1 1 / n " '*'•' 

ful Form-How to Produce a Po.-t r,r .. p, , '" ^ ^'"''^ ^^^=»''ty-A Beauti- 

Matter-Parents- ChaVac eH ti s- o^ the F ""'r^Ml"''"^"^/ f""" ^^'^^ 
-First. Second. Third. Fourth and F^it. Sta^^ o Prt NaTarCuh^: T'"""'^ 
be Avoided During Pregnarcy Culture-Thmgs to 

136 

CHAPTER XIII. 

* CHiLDniRTH AXD How Made Painless. 

Painless Childbirth Po'ssible-Labor a Natural Process \ R^l * i,r 

Do When ,h. D,„o. i, A,„c„tsu^;,'™r„ Nu„; ". ':°°'~r ■:"■ ,s 

CHAI'TER XIV. 

MlS(ARRI.\Gi; ,\XD AlIORTION 

CHAPTER XV. 

D.SKASES PECfLIAR TO WcntEX AXD TlIEIR CuRE 

Excitement-Profuse Menstrua oLExerdsrt~S" \ '"'"" ^leep-Sexual 
Treatment-Baths and Inj Zs-Fa-l n^c f H, u"^ k'\''^ Womb-Local 
Womb-Retroversion of the Womb r! rnfl • ,^\"'"b-Anteversion of the 

Womb-Polypus of the V^tm^Tcto'rre!^:r;^^^^ 

CHAPTER XVI. 
"Chaxge of Life " 

Suggestion-Nature's W.v IrRLn ^ n^ ' ^°* '° ''' Dreaded-Helpful 

Veins-Healthy at Fifty as it FiTte n"^ f "'"?"r°''=' ^"'^ Baths-Varicose 
Life in Man ............ '"~°° ^'"^"^^ ^^^^'0"^ CeaseP-Change of 

200 



CONTENTS. 
PART IV. 



IS 



-I 



CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF INFANTS AND CHILDREN 

CHAPTER XVII. 
Infants and How to C\re for Tui-m. 
A Child the Precious Gift of God— Olive Oil Bath_rnr» ^f fi, m it. 

Navel-Bathing the Infant-Groin Rupt rf-Hvgl c D ess^H^t'^r VJ * M 
be Fastened-A Word to Young AIothers-Tr^atmm o Chafinr nln ." 1 

Health-Warmth a Rcquisite-When to Put on SlTort D efses D^t f T? '"'^ 
Relaxed Bowels-Hand Fed Childrcn-The Te nid Bath fi ? \, , ^" ^^'"'~ 
Foods-The Food of Foods-Dentition and It Dangt-C^ugh D^ L o't' 

T'h°r£-sr°"p ^''''' % OP-'«-Dnbbling Bibs-Tonvu, fo .-rcLg^" tL: 
Thumb— Skin Eruptions-Fresh Air— Miscellaneous Sui^ifp.tinnc p """"^ '"- 
Infants-Wind on the Stomach-Hiccough and UrTreatm^" -S^oTe'a"^Xt m 
and Its Cure-H.ves-D.arrhoea and Its Remedy-Thrush-Baby's FirsI Steps ^ 

CHAPTER XVIII. ■ ■ 

Nursing. 
Mothers Should Nurse Their Own Children-Poor Supply of Milk-A Pr.v.n. , 
Pregnancy-First Food for the Infant-Both Breast^l bf Drtn A ik^Too' 
Frequent N«rs,ng-Milk Fever-Prevention of Gathered Brcast-Clo bin. f r 
Nurs.„g Mother-Diet wh.le Nursmg-Attacks of Depresfion-Occui o'n oi 
Mother-Small and Retracted Nipples-Treatmem of Sore Nipples-Crack d and 
NuJses. ..'.'. '.'r.'"^ Spells-Enemas-Use of Tea 'and Coffee-VVct 

CHAPTER XIX. ''^ 

Weaning. 
Eflfects of Prolonged Nursing-Best Time for Weaning-Rickety Children-How to 
Wean an Infant-Best Food Substitute for Milk-The Necessity of Wean^ng^ 
How to Dry Up the M,lk-Water on the Brain-Return of Menses Af^r Wean- 
mg— Stimulants to be Avoided. 

242 

CHAPTER XX. 
Children and Their Diseases. 

^ "ch'ifdren" H?~7'^'''r ^^^'^"-N-tured in Love-Be a Child Among Your 
Children-How to Spoil a Good Temper-Teach by Example-Bathing for Chil- 
dren-Dress-Ev.1 Effects o, Garters-Nourishing Food-Eating Between Meals 
-Vegetables rather Than Meat-Child's Antipathy for Food-Bowed Legs- 
Garden Culture-Sundays-Good Books-The Kindergarten-Good and Bad 
Hab.ts-Pos.t.on to Assume When Sleeping-Second Dentition-Croup-Child 
Crow.ng-Inflammation of the Lungs-Bronchitis-Diphtheria-Measlcs-Scarlet 
to a'I;;;^°'wJ^ w^ " *° P--^^-^"' Contaglon-Whooplng Cough-Position 
to Assume When Whooping-Mumps-Boils-Gathered Ear-Large Bowels How 
Cured-Scrofula-Wetting the Bed-Chilblains-Worms, their 'Treatmen; and 

Extermination— Milk Crust 

24s 



i6 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

Constipation. 
Sluggisli State of the Bowels-Common Disnr.l.T <;i„ d • 

st.pa.ion-Retcntion of Urine Most Unh a ti ^^l n" ^"^^""'"8-Causes of Con- 
-Fashionablc Drcss-A True Diet-Fntir! n P n ^'"'' °^ ^^°'"'' trouble 
Should We Drink at .Meal ? me^En^m ? M ^''"^ ' "^^'"' P^oducer- 

stipation-Exercse for Healtr ^"^'"^^-^'^^^^«e^-How to Overcome Con- 

287 

PART V. 

HELPFUL HINTS TO MOTHERS. 

CHAPTER XXH. 
Limitation of Offspring 
Compulsory Chiid-Bcaring-Why Best for Ton. .• ' . 

Too Frequent Child-Beari g on CMdr^n p' i"" l\^' Prevented-Eflfeets of 
Idiotic Ch.-,dren-Over-Bur?encd Wit^ CarTs-Whe^n ^ ^'''' P-«-"cies- 
Chastity the Ideal Procedure-Otl^r \r .n= R . V^°""''"°" ^^^^' P'^ce- 
Prevcnt Pregnancy-PrevemTve No Pr" .if Chastity-Simple Means to 
Nature as an Example. ....;. ~^'';'""^'^ ^°- ^-Determining the Sex- 

CHAPTER XXHI. ^^ 

Colds - Catarrh - Colic _ Corns - Comrh ^^"'"^ ^hoIera-St. Vitus Dance- 
- Epilepsy - Erysipelas - Fore gn BoisluZT~'''.°'''~''''^'^''^^ 
Goitre-Gout-Hay Fever-Headirh. P . . ^^" " P^'"" - Gravel - 

tcria-lnflammatio:; of the "Sad Zp": n';" ;;;r ^ ''' "-^'-^-'ing-Hys- 
Bra,n-Inflammation of the Breasts-Earlc e 'fl" ^'"^""'~^°^''"'"« °f t^e 
d.ce-Neuralgia-Nervousness-The Nose ^^t rrn"" °' ''" ^hroat-Jaun- 
>n the Stomach-Gum Boil-Early Sta^s of f- ^"<^'"tes-Heart Burn-Gas 
Grippe . Consumption-Sure Cure for La 

CHAPTER XXIV. ^°^ 

Accidents and Their Trf xtmevtc 

ing Count of the Pulse nuaotes— lo Make a Bread Poultice— Tak- 

CHAPTER XXV. ^^° 

D , „ The Sick Room. 

Perfect Ventilation-Cut Flowers in a t; ^ d 



CONTENTS. 



17 



Nurse— A Croaker— A Sunshiny Disposition— When to Engage a Nurse-How 

to Sweep the Room of the Sick 

340 

CHAPTER XXVI. 
Dishes for Invalids. 
Boiled Rice-What Fruits and How Eaten-Good Gruel-Toast Water-Barley Coffee 
-Oatmeal Coffee-Milk Porridge-Barley Grucl-Indian Meal Gruel-Oatmeal 
Gruel-Farma Gruel-Cracker Gruel-Egg Gruel-Arrow Root Grucl-Panada- 
Oatmeal Mush- Indian Meal Mush-Entire Wheat Mush-Brain Food-Rice Jelly 
-Tapioca Jelly-Restorative Jelly-Gum Water-Crust Coffee-Rice Coffee- 
Slippery Elm Tea-Acid Food Dnnks-Apple Tea-Jelly and Rice-Tamarind 
^\ater-Lemonade-Flaxseed Lemonade-Wine Whey-Herb Teas-Burdock Root 
Tea-Beef Tea-Mutton Broth-Barley Soup-Chicken Broth-Health Bread 343 



PART VI. 

FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT. 

CHAPTER XXVII. 
Bathing for Health and Beauty. 
Impurities Removed by Bathi. g-When to Bathe-General Rules in Bathing-Oil Bath 
^' *he Sk.n-Sponge Bath-Air Bath-Wet Sheet Pack-Vapor Bath-Cabinet 
Bath-S.tz Bath-Shallow Bath-Plunge Bath-Foot Bath-Ey'e and Ear Ba h- 
XMose Bath — Wet Compress 

CHAPTER XXVIII. 
Personal Beauty— How Attained. 
Public Appearance-A Good Carriage-Symmetrical Features-Kindly Spirit-How to 
Overcome Imperfections of the Body-Influence of Beauty and Happiness- 
Physical Deformity-True Basis of Personal Beauty-Healthful Dress-Learning 
the Greek Law-How to Cure Sallow Faces-The Corset Crime-Clumsiness- 
The Elixirs of Life-Osteopathic Treatment to Reduce Flesh-Massage to Prevent 
Wrmkles-Cure for Lean and Nervous People-Facial Eruptions. How Cured- 
Pimples-Expression and Brilliancy of the Eyes-Beautifying the Eyebrows- 
Beautiful Hands-The Care of the Teeth-Redness. How Overcome-Chapped 
Hands, How Cured . 

CHAPTER XXIX. 
Ideal Face and Features. 
Regularity of Features-Good Forehead-The Nose-The Complexion-Layers of 
bkm-Skin Structure-Lotions for the Skin-Exposures-How Sunlight Affects the 
Complexion-What the Word Joy will Do-Pure Food-Oil for the Skin-Air 

Baths— A Great Beautiiier 

377 



i8 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER XXX 

—•Washing the Hnir T,- • "" ^«<=ominKlv~.\vr.;,i h-l- 

the Scalpicold U^ ~^ T"A"'^ "■'^ ^"''^ «•" t'le Hair ( ^'"'"^ °' ^^^'''o" 

CHAPTER XXXI. * 

PARTVH. ^^ 



A DOCTOR IN THE HOME. 



CHAPTER XXXH. 
Admh,;.sterin^ RenS'af'H '''''' ^"''^ "^^ ^° ^SE Them 

Belladonna. B^onia fj^^^^,. » ^Z^^' Suppressio'n o?' thf x}""^'""^' P'-o^PhoTus 

Ofcnsiv. Br,a"h-Q„i™'''?;^?'!» HeadacbV- EaJaTh, ''?"™ <>' Blood to he 
, CHAPTER XXXm '"'''"""' "'"''-• -39. 

-C,a„p._DilIic„„ uSio^':'S"~''-D«pep.ia D„S"g "Sir,„?""E? f '4 

_^_ «"'*"cy— Headache 

g CHAPTER XXXIV 45i 



INTRODUCTION 



MAIDENHOOD, wifehood an<l mothcrhoo.I an.l the ideal training 
for cinUlrcM. .re snl.jects which are beginning to attract no httit 
attention throughont the country. Such has been the interest 
manifested m some sections, that societies have been organize.l for the 
cultivation and stu.ly of tiiese subjects. Tlirough these means we may 
anticipate, with all certainty, an improvement in woman's status, phy. 
s.cally, mentally an.l morally. That perfect children are the greatest 
prize on earth no one will deny, and this is deservedlv true in considera- 
tion of the fact that children are the prospective fath'ers and mothers of 
the next generation. 

Child-bearing and rearing should be woman s chiefest studv, as well as 
her crowning joy. Jt is feared by many on account oi its ^ufTering and 
hardships, but these horrors can be reduced to a minimum, indeed 
avoided altogether, by proper knowle.lge and attention 

This same care and knowledge shoul.l extend also to the imparting of 
a healthy body, a cheerful spirit and a souiul mental activity to the child 
God has not invented stomachache or convulsions just to keep mothers 
busy, nor insanity just to keep one's faculties on the alert Ml these 
symptoms ..e but signs of some deranged function, or an imperfection 
which can be avoided. 

Female troubles, so disastrous to the happiness of women, can gen- 
erally be traced to improper methods and habits in living, or to the first or 
subsequent confinement. This fact makes it <Ioubly certain that knowl- 
edge of these conditions can not begin too early. 

The principles governing confinement and recovery are so simple 
to-day, compared with the past, that we are confident that we shall see 
the day when the laborious child-birth will be looked upon as proof of 

19 ^ 



flO 



INTRODUCTION 



I-orcnmst i„ tliesc n.ovements stand the w'om^n' -, • • 
the life of any individual WIS I,„fn i . '.'"' "'•^' '"temperance in 

.-« 'X;"n;r::;:;:tir:;,;::r^ ""^^ - ^°- - ^^^ *-..-. 

<>.>ec.lv orre,„„,ely responsi I' ^ ™ j™7:," '" """' ■"--' ""^ -e 
»» those of their children, and ho„ ,h' , °"" ""'"'''«'• '^ "=" 

'-;e a „.i„e ci™„a.io„ and rei „™ ^ ;,"rj':, ^Y'^''- ^ha. i. „ay 
IS the sincere wish of ^ ° "*" "'^^ Peruse its pages 

TH£ AUTHOR. 




OUR GIRL 



"O, thou child of many prayers 
Life !iath tjuicksands. life hath sna 
A" and care come unawares. 



ares. 



— Longfellow. 



PERFECT WOMANHOOD 



PART I 
THE HUMAN BODY 



CHAPTER I 

THE BO. or THE TEMPLE OF THE SOUL 

ONE of the most signincant sayings of the Bible is tlie following: 
"The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord." 
Let us think about this candle: We place it on a tal)lc. It 
IS not yet hghted. We do not know just what amount of circle it will 
reclaim from darkness. We ai ply the match. It is soon settled. We 
now know how much it will do for a dark room. 

That light represents man's spirit— his sphere of influence. \s the 
candle burns down the quality of the elements are brought into view 
If pure, the light shines steadily, without noise or agitation. If by chance 
foreign substance gets into the wick or tallow the light grows dim. splut- 
ters, and finally goes out. No impurities arc allowed if the light is to 
shine. The candle is a symbol of life— it is the soul. 



THE HUMAN BODY 



The temple of the soul is the body— it is the home of music, of high 
thought, of kindly deed and noble example. Sunlight falls on its roof and 
wmdows; storms beat on its transept and nave, and yet it stands. 

No human architect, however famous, can build a temple, even 
though of gold and precious stones, which can for a moment equal in 
mechanism one tiny human body. No hinges o, ■ .f bronze or Irlas^ 



*4 ////, nony mu TUMrui or run ^nvt. 

n.ul eternal en.lcavor ''^^''""" '''^''''^ "' ''""^a„ plan 

Kics the knotted uel.. Sec the eye 
l"Hvit 'ecomesannrrorinitspower 
««'<I>scernan,lrctk-ct. See tlic veins 
»">\v l>ke canais they hcco-nc; how 
tlH' arteries appear like streams 
each having |„cks and dams which 
l>ft an.l hold hack the mysterious 
fleets and fluids of life. 

The heart, too. so little that it 
can easily be held in your hand, vet 
"•.1,'ln and day. by moment and by 
years, you hear it beating, as if an 
anny was always on the move 
Somctunes the beat falters. It is as 
if one of the soldiers had stumbled 
over something i„ the dark. That 
stumbling, the out -' step, is a 

U )/ (/ 1''"''''''' ''"'"'"^ *''^" 3 sentinel's 

^Mi '^'^^"'^nse-Who goes there? In its 

n.nrernKc- in Form of Ma,, and Woman. '"t"^'''» ies and its delicacy we might 

tl.o mystery i^that so beautiful a stn,' ;""''" ','?' "' ''^'^ '' ^"' >'^^ 
-n- Oeeks are said to ha pL e e "" "" ' "'" '" ''^^^^«>-'- 




e or 

and 
the 

|)lan 

t of 

tan- 

?ye. 

Acr 

ins. 

o\v 

lis, 

ich 

•us 



THE BODY THE TEMPLE ()!• THE SOCL »% 

common m Athens as ,.eh!,les in her streets. A so.n,.l miml in a Houn.I 
botly was the nispiration which totuhed tiieir lives. 

It is not an idle fancy to say that as the far.ner Roes down dotp int., 
the well for cool water, tin mind should k<, ,l„wn deep m.k, the resources 
of life for strctiRth. Life comes from breath. The air contains invisil.lc 
elements of tho.se things which we eat an.l is i.nme.liatelv l.ro„Rl„ i„,„ 
the current of the blood. Let us learn to breathe deeper-breatlie n. • 
freely-study nature-thitik purer thoughts-practice culture of the body 
and thus make the temple indee.l a tit dwelling place for the sonl. \\c 
hear no sound of hammer, but the building ive\ er ceases. 



It 
et 

>y 

\n 
e. 
ts 
d 

It 
a 
s 

s 
t 




CHAPTER II 



L 



THE UNFOLDING OF WOMANHOOD 

OXGFKLI.OW'S ixjcni. entitled "Maidenliood," begins like this: 

• "Standing with reluctant feet, 
\\ liLMf the brook and river meet, 
Womanhood and childhood fleet!" 

These are beatitifiil words, hut later on it says: 

"O, thou child of many prayers, 
Life hath quicksands — Life hath snares. 
Care and age come unawares." 

"Xature gives to every person and season some beauties of its own; and 
from morning to night, as from the cradle to the grave, is but a sucession 
of changes so gentle and easy that we can scarcely mark their progress." 

Very few children can be left to "jus* grow" as Topsy did. Their path- 
way must be illuminated by love and wisdom, that they may conform to, 
and not transgress the laws of being. 

"Know thy.self" is a true maxim, and especially is it important for girls. 
They ever want to grow up attractive and beautiful. Son e girls, however, 
think that bright eyes, pretty hair and fine clothes, alone, make them' 
beautiful. This is a mistake; real beauty depends upon good health, good 
manners and a !)ure mind. 

In this living, moving world, it behooves us to plan an active, happy 
life and then look forward with hope and pleasure to its realization. 
Should health be blighted there would be nothing in the future but trials 
and discouragements. 

As the happiness of our girls depends mainly upon their health, it 
behooves us all to guide them in such a way as to enable them to realize 
the highest ideal. 

There is no one who stands so near the girl as the Mother. From 
early childhood she occupies the first place in the little one's confidence— 

86 



THE UNFOLDIXG 01- llOMAXHOOD 



27 



she laughs, plays, and corrects, when necessary, the faults of her darling. 
She should be eciually ready to guide in the inii)ortant laws of life ami 
health upon which rest her future. She should teach tlic daughters that 
in all things the "creative principle" has its source in life itself: that it 
originates from Divine life, and that it may be consecrated to wise and 
useful purposes. With this knowledge they are apt never to grow u]) with 
base thoughts or with bad habits. Their lives, on the contrary, become a 
happir..iss to themselves and a blessing to humanity. 




ALL LIFE ORIGLXATKS FROM .\ SKICD 

Teach the daughters that all life originates from a seed — a germ. 
Knowing this law, you need have no fears that base or un worthy thoughts 
of the reproductive function can ever enter their mimls. 
The growth, development and rij)eiiing of human seed 
becomes a beautiful and sacred mystery. The tree, the 
rose and all plant-life are ecjually as mysterious and l)eau- 
tiful in their reproductive life. Docs not this alone i)rove 
to us, conclusively, that there is a Divinity in the back- vital CcntiT of 
ground, governing, controlling and influencing our lives? Ovum. 

Nature has no secrets, and why should we? None at all. The only care 
we should experience is in teaching wisely. 

Yes — lead them wisely — teach them that the seed, the germ of a new 
life, is maturing within them. Teach them that between the ages of 
fleven and fourteen this maturing process has certain i)hysical signs. The 
breasts grow round and filll, the whole body, and even the voice, under- 
goes a change. It is right that they should be taught the natural law of 
life in reproduction and the physiological structure of their being. 

Again, we repeat that these lessons should be taught by the mother, 
and in a tender, delicate and confidential way. Become, oh, mother, vour 
daughter's companion, and she will not go elsewhere for this knowledge 
— which must come to all in time, but possibly too late and through 
sources that would prove more than harmful. 



^ THE UXPOLDIXG OF HOMASHOOD 

THE ORGANS OF CREATIVE LIFE 

--I compac, CO ,i..i," 'X '"' •'"'. ^■'^«- ■■' •*"«"- tlK'.v are firm 
vessels. *• "' " "''""^ '-'"^' ^"'Ply Provuled will, M„o,l 

' lie Fallopian tubes arp ahr,,,* t • . 

ne.e are \ ery minute canals, widening 
gradually into a funnel-shaped 
C'Kl. t'u edges of which are sur- 
';o""<IecI by the f^nihri.T. fringe- 
"kc processes, embracing the 
"var.es, and which convey the 
Fallopian Tube. ^'^ ^« ^''^ cavity of the womb, 

^■"lar orga.,. situate,! in the lower nnrti.n . ?^''"' '' ^ P^ar-shaped mus- 

:'- -" ^'-' --nn. it is less Lr ::; hf ''t'-^- '^^^^^•-" ^'- '"-•■ 

'" ^vidth and one in thickness. " '" ^'''^'^' ^"^ two inches 





, .;■ Fun... ,, ,::s'::: ;■'::- -;;^— s ..i „3 .pp..„.,,, 

laid open. ,-. The intcrir.r .f i ^^"^ '"'^'■"^' 'aid open d Th. 

* '^ '^"'•"■"" "I"- '^ Fiml.r,a,cd .xlreS,. '' *'"""' °' »'">■■ '■ Broad 



THE UXFOLDIXC 01' IVOMAMIOOD 



29 



The Vagina is a nienihraneous canal, wliicli joins the internal outlet 
with the woml), which projects slightly into it. The oi)ening into the 
vagina is nearly oval, and in those who have never imlulgetl in sexnal 
intercourse or in handling the sexual organs is more or less closed hy a 
membrane termed the Hymen. The i)resence of this membrane was for- 
merly considered as undoubted evidence of virginity, its absence a lack 
of chastity. 

The Mammary Glands arc accessory to the generative organ. They 
secrete milk wliich the All-Wise Father provided for the nourishment of 
the child after birth. 




ANTERIOR VIEW OF THE UTERUS AND ITS APPENDAGE'. 

a. Fundus, h, body, and f, cervix or neck of the uterus, c. Front of the upper part of 
the vagina, n. 11. Round ligaments of the uterus, r. r. Broad ligaments, s. s. Fallopian 
tubci. /. Fimbriated extremity, u. Ostium abdominal The position of the ovaries is 
shown along the lower border of the broad ligaments and across the uterus. 

Menstruation, which appears about the age of thirteen years, is the 
llow from the uterus that occurs every month as the seed germ ripens in 
!.e ovaries. God made the sexual organs so that the race should not die 
out. He gave them to us so that we reproduce life and thus fdl the high- 
est position in the created universe. The purpose for which they were 
made is high and holy and honorable, and if they are used only for this 
purpose — and they must not be used at all until they are fully matured — 
they will be a source of greatest blessings to us all. 



JO 



THE aXfOLDIXC OP H'OMAXHOOD 



»» -I .irfu ,an,„, ,„ ,^,,U ':^ "''>• ' °""l "ever .„,„„■, ,„ Z_ 

"■^ 'l-„„,v of ,he „orM i„ con,i„„ i ' ? TIT'""'' "'""' ""='" '> "«« 
^'-" "'.=. is ri„« a„,l „.ha. ' ™' ;,""'" "" '" "'""^ '" •"-•>- 

"■ -;;"■'" Cass ,„a„ ,Kose „, ;,r;X: 'j '; °'" '"■^'- '.vpe a„„ ,.,,„„, 

;;7o=r;r:::::r<:r;-:r->-'o--e.a„., 

I .e %„re. Tl,e firs, step ,„ ,o„,| „oL '"' '■""' """^'"l' '"'"'' "' 

*n.e,Ucr,„a,,,nsclca„,L,/Cde;n' ^7 "™""' »-' 'Le firs. 

anJ able-bodied, and only by be,W ,o„ ,' "'"'"' ™-™" •<> lx= strong 
"".-.n. happiness .o Che's f iTon:. ', " "■"""• """ '"'-'"= "' 
"•a. .hey can be perfect in .heir ex ,al 1 '' " '"""^ "•" I'^^lthv 
Perfec, in ,bis par, ., .fceir being , ha" 1 'T^ ="'" " '^ ""» V '-ing 
beainifnl woman. ^ ' *°" "" ''""me a noble, grand and 

THE AGE OF PUBERTY 

-«>PZ nfe atm'he sLme"!', ''illr:,"","" "■^"■™"->- ™-'- "■'P^ 
a tnfle the broades,. " ""''■ "'^ shonl.lers being, perhaps. 



THE UXI-OLDIXG OP WOMANHOOD 



31 



THE GROWTH OV THK SEXUAL ORGAN'S 
Up to this time the sexual <.r.^ans have grown hut httle. Xow they 
take a su.ldeu start and nce.I more rooiu. Nature aids the girl; the tissues 
and muscles increase in size an<l the pelvic hones enlarge. The limhs grow 
plump, the girl stops growing tall and hecomes round and full Unsus- 
pected strength comes to her; tasks that were once hanl to perform are 
now easy; lier voice becomes sweeter an<l stronger. The mind develops 
more rapidly even than the body; her brain is more active, cp.icker- sub- 
jects that once were duU and dry have unwonted interest; lessons are 
more easdy learned; her eyes sparkle with intelligence, indicating 
mcrcase<l mental i.ower; her manner .lenotes the c.isciousness of new 
power; toys of childhood are laid away; womanlv thoughts and pursuits 
hll her mmd; l.u-ldmg childh-.od has become blooming womanhood. 

THE LAW OF A PERFECT FIGURE 
Now, if ever, must be 
laid the foundatidii of 
physical vigor and of a 
healthy body. (lirls 
should realize the sig- 
nificance of this fact. 
Do not get the idea that 
men admire a weakly, 
puny, delicate, sinall- 
waisted, languid, doll- 
like creature, a libel on 
true womanhood. Girls 
admire m.en with broad 
chests, square shoulders, klatte.ned or deformed pelvis. 

erect form, keen bright • ^"''"'" *'' "'"'''' *^''''"" ■'»' f'^'^'^' '"' will be -een that the 

eves Inrd muscles -„kI T ''"""■ "^ 'l", "^''^'^ "''^ ''^^'^ '"'^^^ '" ^^ «"h 
c\cs, luiru muscits and the case or pains of labor. 

undoubted vigor. Men 

also turn naturally to healthy, robust, well-dev. loped girls, and to win their 




3a 



run i'xi'OLDixG or no mas hood 



•'"'I a lKaItI,y IkhIv are uuh,„ the reach of ,.ine out of ten of our mrls by 
pmpcr care and training Phv.ieal bankruptcy nu.y claim the sa^,e pri 
portion, if care and training are neglected. 

LAW OF PROPORTIONS 

We have said that a good form is ^^ ithin the read, of a hirge majority 
of our girls. and many are undoubtedly anxious to know hou There is a 
aNy of proportion which enables the expert naturalist to tell the height 
l.rea.lth an.I size of an animal if a single bone be giyen him. This laxy of 
proportion, carried out in eyery detail, makes the well-known Statue of 
\ enus de Capitolina the ideal of female development. Measure it and the 
waist will be found to be two-fifths of the height and nine inches less than 
t .e measure at the top ..f the hips. A woman five feet five inches tall 
Miould. then, measure twenty-six inches roun.l the waist, and thirty-five 
.nches annind the hips. This test can. of course, onlv be applied to those 
who have reache.l their growth. A woman f^y^ feet tall should measure 
two feet aroun.l the waist ami tin, -three inches arou.ul the hips \ 
^yaIst less than this i,roportion in<licates compression either by lacing or 
tight clothing. Kxercise in the open air. take long walks and vigorous 
exercise, usmg care not to over-do. Housework will prove a panacea for 
many of the ills which fiesh is heir to. One hour's exercise at the wash tub 
IS of far more value, from a physical standpoint, than hours at the piano 
Boating IS a most excellent exercise, and within the reach of many Care 
in dress is also important. an.I. fortunately, fashion is coming to rescue 
here. It is essential that no garments be suspende.l from the waist I et 
the shoulders carry the weight of all the clothing, so that the organs of the 
body may be left free and unimpeded. 

Sleep should be had regularly and abundantly. Avoid late hours 
undue excitement, evil associations, partake of plain, nutritious food and 
health will be your rewar.l. There is one way of destroying health, which, 
fortunately, is not as common among girls as boys, and which must be 
mentioned ere this chapter closes. 



THE UNfOLDIXG Of H' OMAN HOOD 



33 



"Life hath quicksands— Life hath snares." is pregnant with meaning 
to mother-hearts. So many of the quicksands and snares have their 
foundation in the ignorance of the meaning of womanhood. 

"I am more and more convinced tliat riglu knowledge is not only a 
safe-guard of purity, but is really the creator of true modesty. To give a 
young person a reverent knowledge of self is to insure that delicacy of 
thought which preserves the bloom of modesty." 

Self-abuse is practiced among growing girls to such an extent as to 
arouse serious alarm. Many a girl has been le.l to handle and play with 
her se.Kual organs through the advice of some girl who has obtained tem- 
porary pleasure in that way. or. perchance, cliafnig has been followed by 
rubbing until the organs have become congested with blood, and in this 
accidental manner the girl discovered what seems to her a source of 
pleasure, but which, alas, is a source of nn".sery, an<l even death. 

SELF-ABUSt: AND ITS KVILS 

As in the boy, so in the girl, self-abuse causes an undue amount of 
blood to flow to those organs, thus depriving other parts of the body of its 
nourishment, the weakest i)art first showing the etifect of want of sus- 
tenance. All that has been said upon this loathsome subject in the chap- 
ter for boys might well be repeated liere, l)ut space forbids. 

Read that chapter again, and know that the same signs which betray 
the boy, will make known the girl addicted to this vice. The bloodless 
lips, the dull, heavy eye surrounded with dark rings, the nerveless hand, 
the blanched cheek, the short breath, the old. faded look, the weakened 
memory, and sill; irritability tell the story all too plainly. The same evil 
result follows, ending perliai)s in death, or worse, in insanity. Aside from 
the injury the girl does to herself by yielding to this habit, there is one 
other reason which appeals to the conscience, and that is, self-abuse is an 
ofifense against moral law— it is putting to a vile, selfish use the organs 
which were given only for a high, sacred purpose. 

Let them alone, except to care for them when care is needed, and they 
may prove the greatest blessing you have ever known. They were given 



34 



THE UNFOLDING OF WOMANHOOD 



you that you might become a mother, the highest office to which God has 
ever called one of His creatures. Do not debase yourself and become 
lower than the beasts of the field. 

If this iiabit has fastened itself upon any one of our readers, stop it 
now. Do not allow yourself ,o think about it; give up evil associations, 
seek pure companions, and go to your mother, older sister, or physician 
tor advice. 

And you. mother, knowing the danger that besets your daughters at 
this cnt.cal period, are you justified in keeping silent? Can you be held 
guiltless If your daughter ruins body and mind because you were too 
modest to tell her the laws of her being? There is no love that is dearer 
to your daughter than yours, no advice that is more respected than yours 
no one whose warning would be more potent. Fail not in your duty As 
motherhood has been your sweetest joy, so help your daughter to make it 
hers. 



Come stand by my knee, little children 

Too weary for laiightcr or song; 
The sports of the daylight are over, 

The evening is creeping along. 
The snow-fields arc white in the moonlight. 

The winds of the winter are chill, 
But under the sheltering roof-tree 

The fire shineth ruddy and still. 

Now come to yeiir rest, little children. 

And over your innocent sleep, 
Unseen by your vision, the angels 

Their watch through the darkness shall keep; 
Then pray that the Shepherd who guideth 

The lambs that he loveth so well. 
May lead you, in life's rosy morning. 

Beside the still waters to dwell. 



CHAPTER III 



OUR Bors- 



THE FATHERS OF 
GENERATION 



THE NEXT 



ALTHOUGH this book is intended mostly for maidens, wives and 
mothers, yet there is nothing that greater interests us all than tlie 
subject of manhood, and a few words as to their pecuHar tendencies 
will not be amiss. Every mother, whether she be rich or poor, old or 
young, educated or ignorant, is anxious that her son grow up in the path 
of purity, love and honor. "As the child, so is the man," is as true to-day 
as of old. 

How grand is the boy who has kept himself undefiled! His complex- 
ion clear, his muscles firm, his movements vigorous, his manner frank, his 
courage undaunted, .lis brain active, his will firm, his self-control perfect, 
his body and mind unfolding day by day. His life should be one song of 
praise and thanksgiving. 

If you want your boy to be such a one, train him, my dear woman, 
to-day, and his to-morrow will take care of itself. 

Think you that good seed sown will bring forth bitter fruit? A thou- 
sand times. No! As we sow, so shall we reap. Train your boys in moral- 
ity, temperance and virtue. Teach them to embrace good and shun evil. 
Teach them the true from the false; the light from the dark. Teach them 
that when they take a thing that is not their own, they commit a sin. 
Teach them that sin means disobedience of God's laws of every kind. 

Teach them, too, that when God formed the body, he made laws by 
which every part of that body should be governed. He made a law for 
the eye; it should have light or it would become useless. He made a law 
for the skin; that it should be kept clean, or the pores (of which it con- 
tains millions) would be clogged and prevent the impurities of the body 
from passing away. He made laws by which the food we eat shall be 
digested and go to make blood, bone, muscle, nerve and brain. 

35 



36 



OUH BOYS 



peK;;;;;:::';:::::,;;'--7, ;;'"".' ''"■'>■ '-'■ •".• .-...o ,.. , ,,„„„„ 

l'"r, „„r oars are w , , " " r" " "" "'" '>''■ '' « ""' >" 
"»e „f all „„r or,.," "" ""■ '" '••"■'■ "•■""- "■-■l'" «« .l.e „ro„or 

GO TRACII vol R nov 
I say to vo„. mntlicr. an.l oh. s„ carncMlv -r,, , i 
'iim speciallv a l,<,y •■ " """^ '"■«•■<'" lli»l mako 

.vcarll"™:" '"•■" "'::Z; "^ "7: -^ -^ -- - "- '- n.a.„rer 

In.pre»., upon I,. , I ,,'•"""•' '"" '" """- """ '"•"' «- '"-ver. 

I n,i„ upon I ,';,:':,:; , ■^"--'-.v "ill .,n„«„«ase 

If he has ever lean.e.l to l.an.lle his scM.al oreins or ,„ , , , 
.-.ny way except ,o keep then, clea,,. „ot to ,1 iao in ,M ,' ,'"" '" 
'"'t Krow „p happy, healthy a.„l strong. *" '" '''"'■ '« ""' 

Teach him that uhni he hnnrll^c .... „ •. 
"'.he l,o,ly snffer. I.ecanse l^tZ^I^^T; '^^""\'"^'"'- '» Par-s 
ont the systen,. this is „l,v it'is rt • "''' """ "'" 'I'™"*."- 



OUR BOYS 



27 



fact, worse than lyitip c.r stealing! For. alth.n.^I, ,la-sc arc wicked an.l will 
ru.n the.r soul, yet this habit of sclf-al.nsc will rnin lu„l, sui.l and hu.ly 

If the sexual organs arc han.llc.l it hrin^s ,u„ uukI, blood tu these 
parts, and this produces a diseased condition; it also causes disease in 
«t..er organs of the lunly. because they are left with a less a,nou„t of bloo.l 
than they ought to have. The sexual organs, too. are very closelv con- 
nected w.th the spine an,l the brain by n.eans of the nerves, and if th'ey are 
ian<lled. or ,f you keep thinking about then,, these nerves gee evcite.l and 
hccc,me exhausted, an.l this makes the back ache, the brain heavy and the 
wliole body weak. 

It lays the foundation for consumption, pa.alysis and heart disease. It 
weakens the memory, makes a boy careless, negligent an.l listless 

suicide'"'" '"''''' "''"^' '"'" '^'''" """'''• """'"'• ''''"' «'"^^"' ^"'"""^ 

IIow^ often mothers see their little boys handling themselves, and let 

.t pass, because they think the boy will outgrow th. habit, an.l do n.,t 

irv^-'-lvatcl"'^ '"'"'' '' '''' "^''" "'""■ ^ '''' '" ^""' "''° '°^'^ i'^"'- 
Don't think it does no harm t., your b..y because he ,loes not suffer 
now. f.,r the efTects of this vice come .,n so slowly that the victim is often 
very near death before y.)u realize that h.e has .lone himself harm 

The boy with no knowle.lge of the conse.,uences. an.I with no one to 
warn h.m fnn.ls momentary pleasure in its practice, an.l so contracts a 
hab.t winch grows upon him. un.lermining his health, poisoning his mind 
arrestmg his development, an.l laying the f..un.lation for future misery. ' 

DO NOT READ AND FORGET 

Do not read this book and forget it. for it contains earnest and living 
truths Do not let false modesty stan.l in your way. but from this time on 
keep this thought in min,l-"the saving of your boy." Follow its teach- 
nigs and y,.u will bless Go.l as long as you live. Read it to vo„r neigh- 
bors, who. hke yourself, have growing boys, an.l urge the., for the sake 
o* humanity, to heed us advice. 



38 



OVR BOYS 



RiKht here I want to relate a fact that came under mv ol.servatior. In 

CO M.ic. 1 hey ha, a I..,v al,....t ,ivc years .,f .,h- u 1i., uas ^nnviuK fretful 
pale an.. ,..„ y .\f.cr tryin, all ...her rcn.clu.s to .es,..ro lun. ... vi«..r ol 
•>o<ly and nnn.l. they ,,ur„eyc.l frc.n, place t.. place. l,..pi„, t.> leave the 
o»Te uiinji cause hehin.l. -'vt ine 

i hn<I often su^R. -te.i t., the n,..ther .hat "sclf-ahuse" nuKht he the 
cause hut no. she wonl.l not have it so. an.l .ai... -T.... „,„., ,,, „„,,,,,,„, 
a-s he has mherue.l no such .en.inuics. nor has he l.cen .au«ht ,t l.y play- 
n,ates~we have puar.le.l him carefuilv." ^ * ^ 

Finally, however, she took up a me.Iical hook an.l ma.le a stu.ly of it 
an.I ntcr much ,ho„„u. sai.I. -, can not hel.eve it. vet it .leLi 
Charlies case exactly. I will watch." ' 

To her surprise, she foun.l. notwithstanding all her convictions to the 
contrary, that C harhe was a vic.in, to this L.athsome hahit 

On po.np. to his l.e.l. after he ha-l ^rone to sleep, she f.nmd his han.ls 
St. I upon the orsan. just as they were when he fell asleei. She witched 
th.s carefully for a few days, then ....,k hin, in her c.nh.leLe ^ ^ :' 
o the ,„ ,,, ,,^,, ,.„,.,^^ ^,,^. ,,^^,^. ^^^ ^.^^^^^^ ^,^^^^ ^^_^ ^^^^^^ 

that tell ns: hnn. at Ins a,a^ what effect it wouM have upon his future would 
not era. cate the evil as soon as she hope.l so. after stu.lvin, the cnseTr 
a tmie. she h,t upon the f.,lIowin,,. reme.Iy. Ahhonsh .msa-entific. literallv 
speakmg. ,. had the desired effect. LVelin, that something nn,st he .lone 
to stop, and stop at once, the awful lul.it. she .sai.I. -Di.I vou know. Char- 
he. that >f you keep up this hahit of -self-ahuse' that a hrown spot will 
come on your ah,lon,en. Ii.,ht hrown at hrst. an.l grow .larker each week 
, unt^. eats a sore n,ht into your systen. an.l if it keeps on. will eventuali; 

After Charlie ha.l .c^one to sleep, an.l f.n.li,,^ ,„•,, ,,a„cis nc^ain on the 
sexual organs, to prove to hi.n the truth of her argnment. she took i 
hott e of -lo.l.ne" an.l. w.th the crk. put on the ahdomen a nuan.tv .^ 
cent to gue ,t a hght-hrown color, an.l ahout the size of a pea " Next 
n.ght. n. hathmg him. she discovered the spot, an.l sai.I. '"Look' 'alrcdy 




mot[ii:k_thk most sacrkd word i\ tkk 



KXGI.ISIl LANGUACr: 




The 



Victor Hugo. 



OUR BOYS 
i. >-c„„,er' The bo, cri-. „„, i„ ,„y ,ear, .„U pro„,i.a no. to .pel" 

.i-ctt"::;; it;':, ':'::;,'■■" "" ^t'' ^'■'*"-^'' "^'■' -^ 

"0,1 er was never again obliged ,o use ,he "Iodine.- Of eonrse si e. old 

She a^so took ,he prccant.on o( letting bin, go ,o bed „,th a doll, a s nlfed 

helher ihis mother was «,se ive ivonld bardlv want to sav In b,.r 
case ,, was. perhaps, a bright tl.onght. ,„,t i, the 'child, t™^h o 
shot Id have know,, ol bis tnotber's false method to e„re he ev 1 luC; 

;:;.:::::" ',:'■ r ^ '"""" "- "■°'"" '-- "- ""^ ^^ '-'''-- 

, • , ' ^"ui'h'i. II cured (n iln^ simple remc( v. he would tlrmt 

Ik-s mother to the bottom of his heart. 

Wgin l,ere ue want to emphasize tiie importance of cleanliness We 
n.v heheve that oftentimes these habits originate in a burninra d i! i 
tatn.g sensafon about the organs, caused by a want of thorotiglf wl^Lng. 

CIRCUMCISIOM 

It is worthy of note that many eminent physicians now advocate the 
en torn o c,rc„n,e,sion, clain.ing that the re.noval of a little of t e o esW, 
"Ulnces cleanliness, thus preventing the irritation and e.xci" en wbi 
come fro,n ,he ga.berin, of the whi,ish n.atter un.ler the f„ k 

.eg,n„,„g o, the glands. This irritation being removed, the bo; i c « 
to tamper w,tb Ins se.xnal organs. The argn.nen, seems a g„o< on esn 

-ll.v when „c call to ,nin,' the high physical state of those peop e Tho 
liave practiced the custom. P«-opie who 

Happy is the mother who can feel she has done her dutv. in this direc- 
tion, while her boy is still a child. ' 

For those mothers, though, whose little boys have now grown to- bov 
hood with the ev still upon them, and you, through ignorance, pe mi ^d 
It, we would say, "Begin at once-it is never too late.'' P^""'"ed 



4^ 



OUR BOYS 



If he lias not lost all will-power he can be saved. Let him go in con- 
fidence to a reputable physician and follow his advice. Simple diet, plenti- 
ful exercise in open air. and congenial employment will do much. Do 
not let the mind dwell upon evil thoughts, shun evil companions, avoid 
vulgar stories, sensational novels, and keep the thoughts pure. 

Let him interest himself in social and benevolent affairs, participate in 
Sunday School work, farmers' clubs, or any organizations which tend to 
elevate and inspire noble sentiment. 

Let us remember that "a perfect man is the noblest work of God." 

God has given us a life which is to last forever, and the little time we 
spend on earth is as nothing to the ages which we are to spend in the 
world beyond; so our earthly life is a very important part of our existence, 
for it is here that the foundation is laid for either hapi)iness or misery in 
the future. It is here that we decide our destiny, and our efforts to know 
and obey God's laws in our bodies as well as in our souls will not only 
bring blessings to us in this life, but never-ending happiness througliout 
eternity. 

THE VERY BEST MEDICINE FOR A BOY 

If a bedroom is close, the sleep, instead of being calm and refreshing, 
is broken and disturbed: when the boy awakes in the morning he feels 
more fatigued than when he retired to rest. If sleep is to be refreshing 
the air must be pure and free from carbonic acid gas, which is constantly 
l)eing evolved from the lungs. If the sleep is to be health-giving, the lungs 
ought to have oxygen— their proper food— and not to be cheated by giv- 
ing them instead a poison — carl)onic acid gas. 

It would be well for each person to have a separate room. If two boys 
are obliged to sleep in one room, or if two girls are compelled to occupy 
the same chamber, by all means let each have a separate bed, as it is much 
more healthy and expedient for both boy and girl to sleep alone. 

Plants and flowers ought not to be allowed to remain in a chamber at 
night. Experiments have proved that plants and flowers in the daytime 
take up carbonic acid gas (the refuse of respiration), and give off oxygen 



OUR BOYS 



43 



0^1x^:7 '"' '""'""' '" '''""■ ""' «'- °'" « "i"-"" " pois- 



EARLY TO BED AND EARLY TO RISE 

in. Z 'P'"'' '''" '"'■'>■ I^^"-^ °^ the nioruins in bed breath 

IS commenced in childhood it becomes a habit .nd '' """^ 

life. A bov ou^ht on no o '^'^°"',^' "^ ''^'^'t- and will contmue through 

t.ZlT ' ' "'■ ""P "'""^«' ""I 'I^P'^-l "Pon ^l.e exercise he 

takes, b„., „n an average, „e sl,o>,W have a, leas, eigh.'hcrs e,:;::;,': 

CHOICE OF PROFESSION OR TRADE 

It a youth is delieate i, is a common practice among parents either to 
put h.m to some light indoor trade, or if it can be affofded , , , 

earned professions. Such a practice is ahsr/'alw 1 ;•„;:: " T : 
close confinement of an indoor trade is highly prejudicial to hcall ' Tl ' 
ha d readtng requisite to fit a man to fill, for instance, the s cr d olfi 
only mcreases any delicacy of constitution. The stoonintr at ■, it 
attorney's office, is most trying to the ches, TTeh ' '" "" 

turbed nights, interrupted m'lal, aud ime s.ul nersLTot ^ ''" 
or the medical profession is still more dangerous t^ L at fa "ei L, r 
divmity. or any mdoor trade. If a boy is delicate or nf , ' 

an outdoor calling should be advised,^s„ehtTat7: JrraTnn;"', 



44 



OUR BOYS 



land surveyor or a butcher. Tanners and butchers are seldom known to 
(lie of consumption. 

I cannot refrain from reprobating the too common practice among 
parents of bringing up their boys to the professions. The anxieties and 
the heartaches which tliey undergo if they do not succeed materially injure 
the health. 

In clo.Mng this chapter T can only add the following words in behalf of 
the friendless boys— those who have no mother to teach them: 

"When you see a r.igged urchin 

Standing wistful in the street. 
With 'orn hat and knceless trousers, 

Dirty face and bare red feet ; 
Pass not hy the child unheeding. 

Smile upon him. Mark me, when 
He's grown he'll not forget it, 

For, remember, boys make men. 



PART II 
LOVE, COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE 



CHAPTER IV 
SALIFICATIONS FOR MARRIED LIFE 

< 4 A LL mankind loves a lover," says Emerson; and it would be diffi- 
/"Y cult to name three subjects more generally thought about and 
speculated upon than Courtship. Love and Wedlock. Like the 
three-leaf clover, they spring from a single stem. and. like the clover 
should bring forth blossom and fruit. With Tenn vson we mav say • 
"•T.s better to have loved and lost, than never to have loved at 'all." 
LOVE AND MARRIAGE NATURAL 
"God created male and female. Male and female created he them " 
1 he double clause is too significant to be overlooked. Each is a counter- 
part of the other-something not complete without the two. Anything 
so divmely appointed as marriage coming to us from Eden should be 
looked upon as one of the most sacred things of earth. 

Love blends young hearts in blissful unily. and. for the time, so ignores 
past ties and affections, as to make willing separation of the son from his 
fathers house, and the daughter from all the sweet endearments of her 
childhood s home, to go out together, ami rear for themselves an altar 
around which shall cluster all the cares and delights, the anxieties and 
sympathies of the family relationship: this love, if pure, unse'fish and dis- 
creet constitutes the chief usefulness and happiness of human life With- 
out It there would be no organized househokls. and. consequcntiv none of 
that earnest endeavor for competence and respectabilitv which is'the main 
spring to human effort; none of th5se sweet, softening, restraining an'd 
elevating influences of domestic life which can alone fill the earth with 
glory. 

4S 



46 



QUAUI-ICATIONS FOR MARRIED LIFE 



1-ove IS the sun of life; most beautiful in morning and evening but 
warmest and steadiest at noon. Misery, some say, grows out of married 
•fe. so does the deepest joy. The misery is not against marriage itself 
bu agan,st wrong, foolish marriages. These every parent should guard 
agamst. As the laws of reproduction are unchangeable, and as perfection 
IS only „, proportion to obedience to these laws, it is necessary that we 
comply with these requirements of nature. 

WOMAN'S LOVE STRONGER THAN DEATH 

Woman's love is stronger than death; it rises superior to adversity 
anu towers m suMime beauty above the niggardly selfishness of the world 
Misfortune cannot suppress it; enmity cannot alienate it; temptation 
cannot enslave it. It is the guardian angel of the nursery 'and LZ 
bed. It gives an atTectionate concord to the partnership of life and inter- 
est; circumstances ca^mot modify it; it ever remains the same to sweeten 
existence, to purify the cup of life on the rugged pathway to the grave 
and n.elt to moral pliability the brittle nature of man. It is the minister-' 
ing spint of home, hovering in soothing caresses over the cradle, and the 
death-bed of the household, and filling up the urn of all its sacred memo! 

REQUISITES NECESSARY FOR COMPANIONSHIP 

You ask what is meant by a companion ? We reply, a congenial spirit 
one possessed of an interior constitution of soul similar to our own or 
similar age, opinions, tastes, habits, modes of thought and feeling A con- 
genia sp.nt is one who, under any given combination of circumstances 
wou be affected, and feel and act as we ourselves would. It is one w J 
.Old enjoy what we would enjoy, dislike what we would dislike, approve 
what we woucl approve, and condemn what we would condemn, not for 
the purpose of agreeing with us, but of his or her own free will This is a 
companion; one who is kindred in soul with us; who is already united to us 
by the ties of spiritual harmony; which union it is the object of courtship 
to discover. Courtship, then, is a voyage of discovery; to see wherein and 
to what extent there is a hartnony existing. If in all these they hone tly 






QUALinCATIOXS FOR MARRIED LIFE 47 

and inniostly agree, and find a deep and thrilling pleasure in their agree- 
ment, find their union of sentiment to give a charm to their social inter- 
course; if now they feel that their hearts are bound as well as their senti- 
ments m a holy union, and tliat for each other thev would live, it is their 
pnvdegc, yes, their duty, to form a matrimonial alliance. 

DESIR.\BLE TR.MTS OF CHARACTER I\ WOMAN 

Marriage has in it less of beauty, but more of safetv, than the single 
hfe: It hath no more ease, but less .langer; it is more nierrv and more 
sad; ,t IS fuller of sorrows and fuller of joys; it lies under more burdens 
but It IS supported by all the strengths of love and charitv. and those bur- 
dens are delightful. Marriage is the mother of the world, and preserves 
kingdoms, and fills cities and churches, and heaven itself. 

Earth presents no higher object of attainment. To be a wife in the 
truest and highest sense of the word is to be the best thing beneath the 
sk-ies. To be a woman is something more than to live eightee-i or twenty 
years; something more than to wear flounces and sport jewelry. \ 
Avoman is to be estimaterl by the real goodness of her heart, greatness of 
her soul and the purity and sweetness of her character. A woman with a 
kindly disposition and well-balanced temper is both lovelv and attractive', 
be her face ever so plain and her figure ever so homely; she makes the 
best of wives qnd the truest of mothers. 

W omen should be gentle— not weak, but gentle, and kind, and affec- 
tionate. Whatever a woman is. there shou.ld be a sweet, sulxluing and 
harmonizing influence of purity. an<l truth, and love, pervading and hal- 
lowing, from center to circumference, the entire circle in which she moves 
If the men are savages, we want !ier to be their civilizcr. We want her to 
soften their manners, and to teach them all needful lessons of order, 
sobriety, and meekness, and patience, and goodness. 

Kindness and love is the chief glory of woman— it is. in.leed. her true 
prerogative— her scepter and her crown. It is the sword with which she 
conquers and the charm with which she captivates. 



^8 



QUAUnCATIOS'S FOR MARRIED LIFE 



CAUSES OF UNHAPPY MARRIAGES 

. p^^ -I 'r r ;::tr::;r t;^: r '-'- -"'-^ 

Jealousy, too, that green-eyed monster, is ever creenin,. in Tir • 
found n. women more than in men. Men exhil,it it to n T " 

EDUCATION AN IMPORTANT FACTOR 

have hut a made-up doll, a mere actor in the great dnn a o^ 7 v ' 
men also are freauentlv thrnn^i, ■ '"'^- ^ """^' 

charge their duesirtle o''. 'f '' " ^'^"^'>- ^"'-"'^'^'l ^^ ''>s- 

condition. o?iife "' "'"'"" '""^ '^°"™" «"«■ ""n an>- o.l.or 




••IT IS A MYSTERV-THIS LOVE." 



soon ,o sweep throughShe soul! to purllt or ,o dertrr^*""'*' *" '^'' "'"I "h-'; '^ so 




THE LOVERS. 




ENGAGED TO BE MARRIED. 




ViijiyrlKlii ISM l,v Aliiif Dutioiu, 



Tlii: BRIDK 



QVAUFii.nioss roR m.wrikp im-f. „ 

^ _^_^^.. I.(c. / he ,l.,a,ls ,„ ,„n, ..,l„.,„i„„ „i„ ,„ ,„,„„, „„ , ,^„ ,„,^ 

ii n^.r';!:;t."';:^:;;;' ;"™'"- '"" ^ ^ "™"'" "•' '^ ^ --"»- '-«• 

"ill ecu. ,„ ,1,0 JXe! ' ""'°"' '""'■""^■"' "'"' «""" -■"- 

I'RI:r,\RAT10XS ].UR MAKRIl 1, r.lFF 

I I ^"^^- ^" '"<- •111(1 hi-auv of charactor T, . fi,;.. 

result as mil l,e a source ot mutual jov forever 

Helpful as is matrunony i„ .leveiopi,,^ a maid into a su,unn vet it ' 
^.no or a tuotnent he cou.pare.l uitl. the effect of mater.t i,^ . 
tor supphes a ,ieu- ohject and a new tenderness. A woman , , 

We are told that the uon,en of ancie.U Sparta exercised in .vmn. 
utms u, order to attain the highest ho.lil, vi.or. preparatory trtl^Z-" 
nj vou That practice, or its ec.uivalent. mav well he revive.l o 
be ter sfl , women fron. chihlhood shoul.l he taught to practice s u-h phv ' 
cal exerases as will develop and preserve the hest hodilv heal a ^ vf 

^£:Zur'"'T' '"* ^""■"•^^^ occupations/even of the more 

Tnl) 'T"' ' ' ^""^ "' '''' "^"^^'^^ ^^ ''^' ''-'- The whole 

should be brought mto frequent action for the fullest vigor ' 

But the physical robustness and power of endurance for which the 



54 



QUALIFICATIONS FOR MARRIED LIFE 



litii 



Spartans were noted are by no means all tliat is desirable in our day A 
un.versal culture is now demanded. The mental, moral. a.stl"tical "and 
sp.ntual departments of o.r being require no less developme:!^ nd fu 1 
nesso expression m us. if we would do our noblest work and discharge, 
our full duty toward our children. uiscnarge i 

SELF-CULTURE AND DISCIPLINE 

But the self-culture from which these result is not the work of a day 

pen^'in' T. /" '"^' ''' ^^'"^^ ''' °^ ^'^''^-^ '^ -- too long'a' 
penod m wh.ch to prepare for so serious an undertaking. The earlier 
therefore, te young of both sexes can be intelligently insfructed in these 
matters and impressed with the importance of living for those who mav 

:^^i: iViif? ;^ '^"^ "^'^ ''-^ '---- «"-• ^- ^^^ ^^^.^^zz 

Dec the! 't n 'T^ P"'°"^ "'''''' ^^'^" ^^'^h the fairest pros- 

pects they should never- forget that infirmity is inseparably bound up 

fulfill n Z7 I'T' "' '''*• " '^"'"^ °"^ ^"^ther's burdens, they 
fulfill one of the highest duties of the union. Love in marriage cannot Hve 
nor subsist unless it be mutual; and where love cannot be'ther can b 
left of wedlock nothmg but the empty husk of an outside matrimony as 
undehghtful and unpleasing to God as any other kind of hypocriry 

Some persons have imagined that because the impregnating germ 
contnbuted by the male parent is of microscopic dimensions, it mal e" 
ttle what the ather's character or qualities may be. But this opinion 
..contrary to a 1 evidence, and to the analogies of the animal and vegeta" 
ble worlds. The potency of spiritual elements or forces is by no means 
determmed by the physical dimensions of their vehicle. VvJle the ^ 
does much by appropriate management toward modifving and counter- 
balancmg „, manifestation the traits, good or bad. of 'the father, neve- 

I'lTi. ,"« r-^''-"'' '""'^'" ' ''''' °^ ^"'^^^-^"- -f character 
u h ch ,s difficult. If not impossible, of entire eradication. Hence, in human 

culture, as m agriculture, good seed is of no less importance than good 



1 






CHAPTER V 
ADFICE TO THE UNMARRIED 

EVERY one is planning to some day have a home of his or her oun 
1 he old home may be good, but a home of one's own buildLTnd 

Thus the T ""^ "^^ ^'"^^'"^^ '^ ^"^ ^--" ^^ -ery young e 

Thus he sayu,g becomes true that "upon the home rests the fu ure of the 
world. Its mner temple, real or ideal, is the shrine at which al e„t " 
ened mankmd worships, and its altar is the Mecca of the hea Pn 
have written of it-minstrels have made it the subiect of ' . 

the world it has been an inspiWng theme an;;;::^;;::;;:^:;^^ " "' 

"A home must be 'Home.' for no words can express it- 
Unless you have known it, you never can guess if 
Tis ,n vam to describe what it means to a heart ' 
Which can live out its life on the bubbles of art 
It may be a palace, it may be a cot 
It matters not which nd it matters' not what • 
T.s a dwelling pert , ed with the incense of love 
A beautiful type of the home that's above." 

song, Home, Sneet Home," ,s not in any special excellence of meter „r 
even ong,na>ity of .ho„gl„. Ra.I.er it is the „t,e. absence of 0™,; 
ha makes ,t „n,versal. I, n,erely voices i„ simple strain the n X/y of 
eyery human heart sntcc the firs, home was built on earth till now. 

THE HUSBANDS AND WIFE'S PART IN THE HOME. 

If it he the man's part to Lay the foundations an,l erect the buildiuT i, 
s woman's to beautify and enshrine music and the kindly arts within h 
I. .s h., .0 build and hers to beautif. I. is woman .^^^^ZZ Lome 

55 



s« 



ADVICE TO THE UNMARRIED 



»ith light and life. Her hand it is that deeorates and adorns that cnll, 

.... rr li- 1^^^^^^ 

even sweeter in the role of motherhood than you have b en as Ive 

■want, V ho, as yet, can neither speak nor ehoose his future lot rememher 
a you love your own soul, that upon you, and not on d ;uZates 
d ends n,an,ly the awfnl issue of what .t shall be and wha taT eeoTe' 

s^va^; ;;ritsr?.;:;:rhiarS:r;':^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

..pon you whether your sons shall be as "plants grown up in their youth " 

Of a palace. The wh„e unwr.tten page of your child's life and character 

sopen foryou to wnte upon. The intpressions „,ade upon i. by yo , a„d 

.he father are uKlehble. The firs, .sights and sounds L, are refl cted 

upon a child's remembrance are ineffaceable. "fleeted 

LET NATURE TEACH YOU 
Nature will assist you in this work, but she will not do it for you She 
gives the material foryou to work upon. Vou might as well expect !he 
grass and plants to grow without moisture as the .„„l , "^ 

culture. Na,ure provides the limbs, bii Ter se deve, ' "h'^''"" 7°"' 
.hem .,. , and symme.ry. Vet many pa^rsTe r.': ^ Z ^X 
children will love the beautiful and do the good bv m-r. . 

.hat the tiiere process of living w sure .heir'hvtg ig" l^arrr^'thlL 

One might as well expect reading and writing .» Im'e ty natr B n't" 

"Take .his child and nurse it for me, and I ::^ ^Z^^ 'J- '^^ 



AVriCE TO THE UNMARRIED 



ST 



and de|;ada,lt ""'""^ '"" """"'^ "" "^^"^ "-" "'-^^ 

MAKE YOURSELF WORTHY OF A GOOD MATE. 

avail llT J """''" '" '""' '' = """i"" '™« of more 

ava,l, as secunng domestic happiness, than the beautiful in r«rso„ Th, 

»ho marry (or physical characteristics or externa, co LeraTns ^viU aU 

or domeTr '" "'" '™"- ^' "'^ ^"°"''' ->- '° «om n ^i: I ' 
for domesttc happmess. never mar^- a pleasure-seeker, an idle man o 
we would say to men, never marry any bu, an intelligent woman for after 

:: :;""" i's''::eTe«"Vd""^'"'r'"' ^^-^ "'^^" -^'^^^ 

.gence. It .s the best of downes. There is no burden on earth like a 
foohsh woman t,ed to a competent man. with the one e.ceptiorof a fl 

cTTh : "^T"- "° =™'"^=^' "" --"P--^ o tr bs „c o 
clear thought and quick comprehension. 

So also studying to make yourself worthy of a rood husband I, • 
now to cultivate all those graces that make I home^comp et i fo" 
so much the arts and accomplishments as it is the chara , tha t^k: 

h„r 7'!. "' ;" """'"«^ ' ""*='"<'■ -' '<> " »"' you choo e a 
husband w, h not only the ability to provide a home, but one of honor 

and pnncp,.; see ,o it that he has a heart_a great, noble, true self 

sacnficmg heart-one tha, will love through sickness and adver Itv as 




5d 



ADVICE TO THE UNMARRIED 



well as prosperity. When you have found such a one then give him all 
you ha^e to give-love, confidence, good will. ^ 



J f 



ADAPTATION OF HUSBAND AND WIFE 

for hopinf tht'' """' '"''""^ ""'"^' '''' '''''' •■^^^-^l'^^ g-"-Js 
perfect' nf.. I '""'' '" ^""''' ^'^'^'^^">^ ^^'^^^-^ ^^ -°-"y '- 

attl to '. ' "' '""" °' "''■"''^""' °'- «^ «P-^-^ regeneration 
attam to such a state so that they shall not transmit physical diseases or 
moral obhquu.es to their offspring? Can the sexual appetite, for rxample 
whose .mpenous demands are the chief obstacle to s^ch prepara ory c^ .' 

the?? 'r r"'"'"' ^"S«^^^^'«"^- ^"d ^Jeserve consideration. In 
tl^ past so httle regard has been paid to the finer laws of adaptation 
Phys.ca,ly, mentally and spiritually, of persons entering the marriag e;.' 
•on-so seldom has the sacred right of the mother to choose the time and 
the crcumstances under which she would assume the maternal fun t on 
-so often, mdeed, has she been compelled, or made to believe it "r 
rehg.ous duty to accept this function at the husband's wish, even again 
the pro est of soul and body on her part, that the common esults ur "h 
very l.ttle md.cat.on of what might be. and what will be when greater hght 
and wsdom shall have become prevalent on these matters ^ 

Especally should the husband refrain from ever intruding, by either 
demand or sohctat.on. against the intuitions of the wife. All uch ntru 
s.ons are outrages of the most flagrant character, the same in essenc s' 
pos,t,ve phys,cal volence, whether within or wn'thout the legal marrTage 
relafon. Offspnng begotten when any degree of reluctanc! or waZf 
prcparat.on ex.sts on the part of the mother, are robbed of a portion o 
the,r b.rthnght, and to that degree unfitted for the full enjoymenrof ex 
istence. That birthright includes a full and loving welcom to the wL d" 
For further suggestions see chapter on "How to Overcome Heredity » 



ADVICE TO THE UXMARRIED j, 

APPROPRIATE SEASON FOR CON-CEPTION 

,,„, '" '° ™P°"="" an undertaking as tl,e im.iation of an immortal beinir 
doubt ess .t ,s well to have due regard ,o tin.es and seasons. T," ' ,"^' 

XV or :i:::e t^n:::"'- rr --"' "^ ^-^ 

as a genera, rule, ins::: Ls"; e"",:^ i ^ I' '^ T"' "T 
springtime, or in early summer Tl,„ , ^ '"^ '" ""= 

orderly time for ,„. L:^"^ J^ ^^^ ^i, "' "^^^'^ ^"°-n and 
human beings may .e„ giye^,eed to^, ::i:ati:n"rr:;g,:r •"" 

ONLY A BABY 

Soi,!^.r''''/r''°," ^''°'^"^^' ■■" brotherhood.) 
Someth.ng to hve for came to the place 

ijomething to die for, maybe- 

Something to give even sorrow' a grace- 

And yet it was only a baby! 

Cooing and laughter and gurgles and cries 

Dimples for tendercst kisses- 
Chaos of hopes and of raptures and sighs 

Lhaos of fears and of blisses. 

Last year, like all years, the rose and the thorn- 

This year a wilderness, maybe- 
But heaven stooped under the roof on the morn 

1 hat It brought there only a baby. 




1 



CHAPTER VI 
THE MARRIAGE RELATION 

N a little poem by Adelaide Proctor we find the following words: 

"A loving woman finds heaven or hell 
On the day she is made a bride." 



This may be putting it strong, and yet, it has often occurred that when 
a pure, sweet girl finds she has been married to an inconsiderate 
selfish man, that her whole life is worse than a blank. 

It hn. often been said "Any fool can get married, but it takes a man 
of some sense to resist the temptation until he can afford such luxuries " 
bnder the prevailing conditions of things this expression contains some 
grams of truth; yet it should not be so, for while the husband works for 
the home and the family, the wife as a help-mate should see that the ex- 
penses do not surpass the income. It requires love and common sense 
to enable her to adjust things successfully to the conditions of a new home. 
HOW TO CHOOSE A HELP-MATE 

"Marriage is a lottery," the saying goes, and there are some who be- 
heve It, and judge accordingly. It is well for such that they do 
no worse than draw a blank. Marriage is not necessarilv a lottery either 
in the m.tial choice or in the months and years following the marriage 
day. One can shut his eyes and draw, or one can open them and choose 
One can choose with the outward eye alone, or with the eye of intellect 
and conscience. 

No person until he has had experience can understand the possibilities 
or tnals of the marriage relation even though he mav have read all the 
best that has been written on the subject. It mav be likened to reading 
of the glories of a far off country. One may be impressed by the reading 
but can never have a realizing sense of the life until within the borders' 
The first glimpse is deceptive, for the scenery may or may not present 

60 




PEXEI.OPE-THE MODEL WIFE. 

As a fitting icprcscntativp nf t!ic inrimt Pr i 

been well selected. Her wifely de ,e-mnr h ^ mother. Penelope has 

"ver^.ns faith. luT ardent love, I e^.S,] ed ho'; f^'r' '"^'''■"''■- ''^ "! 

.".e HuhHtry cnmn^end her to our 'nvn daya^ VZlel oriu.'''sex''" ""'''■ 




A HAPPY MOTHER 



THE MARRIAGE RELATION 



63 

•ts best appearance; but daily association brings forth ei,l,er n 1. 

LOVE NOT FOUND IN PHYSICAL UNION 

;:;;'- '^ ■ —».-—:.■ .sr.r-: 

DOMESTIC ENJOYMENT DESTROYED 
,„/" ''°,',I' '""'"'"' '"'' ''"' "■' ''''■ P'-""--^ » =•"" guard over vo„r 

o wel . and w„„ .„ p^per preparation, ™„s, be lived well or . "ni "« 
keep .he track. I, w,ll turn off a. every .vi.ch and fly off a, eve y, urn 






r'ri 






^ THE MARRIAGE RELATION 

or impediment. Good watch must be kept for breakers ahead. The fires 
sk i or?.'' "' \" T'^""' "'"'"" ^^ ^^^ ^-' °^ ^ff-^'-- It require 
pered u ith forbearance, charity, and integrity 

It is a great thing for two frail natures to live as one for life long Two 
haps are not easdy kept always in tune, and what shall we expecfof ivTo 
harps each o a thousan.l strings? What human will or wisdom cannot 

who d" "m ' "' "" P""'^"" '^ ""'^'"^ -- --e intimatTly OS 
who devoutly try to do the work of life and enjoy its goods together 

MARRIED LIFE-ITS DUTIES AND PLEASURES 

wife^ln?/" '° ' ""?'" ^"^''' ''' '' "^"^^^"-y ^° *"^ he^'th of a young 
w.fe and every one else, as the sun is to the earth-to warm, to cheer and 

iTt Z the «;•'!"'"'■ '''"'' '" '"' '"'"■'" °' '" "'"''= 

uitners the plant. Pleasures, kept within due bounds, are good but in 

a wh rl of pleasure and excitement is frequently sickl- and nervous and 
uterly unfitted for her duties and responsibilities; and the misfor u^e of 
«t .s. the more pleasure she takes, the more she craves 

.nH^rtr''"^' i' ""'''' "P °^ ''"'" P'^^^"'-^^' °^ ''«le tasks, of little cares 
and httle dut.es. but which, when added together, r ake a grand to a o; 
human happmess; she is not expected to do any arduous work her prov 
nee es ,n gentleness, in cheerfulness, in contentment, in hou';' fery I 
care and management of her children, in sweetening her home The " 
:;;rry' "^"^ a heritage, her jewels, which help to'make up her crotn 

The quiet retirement of her own ome ought to be her greatest 
pleasure and her most precious privilege. greatest 

HOME THE KINGDOM OF WOMAN 

tate^Tf' \V^" ^'"'^1°'" °^ ^°'"'"' '"^ '^' ^^°"'d be the reigning poten- 
tate. A father, a mother, children, a house and its belonging! co'nsCte 



THE MARRIAGE RELATION: 



«h. fin«, m.dici„Tir.tToridT" '"'° r •'°"" °"" Co„,en,™e„, L, 
b"., if disease is pre e„ i. « f ' • '"" '""^' "'"""'"^ P'"-' '""ase, 

I, scarcely 'e d b faM h ar.hT"", ""° "" " ^""^'''-'^ »•■*-"' 

production of „ob,e an':! TZt" 1^^! °"'-'. '" ™- --„, .he 
his own antecedent prenara.in'L 7 ^' "^ «'"" ''"' =""'i<>n to 

proper deve,opn,e:Xr;:;Z ?:.'rr""' '""«'" •'•' 

assist the wife to some extent at east ^1 • "" =«°n'Pany and 

to the successive stages ofits unWd I' ?"""' '^■''"''«^ appropriate 

for, so far as Prac.ic^ble^rt' VnT^^trr^ 'T""" '""'■ 
ment at every step, euardinir h./ s>mpathy and encourage- 

influences, and' Jl. ^^^^ '1^:1^ V""7-^' --'^^- 'or 
spiritual perfection. And can anv til 'f f ''^'P''"^' ^"^^ "^oral and 
work? ^" ^"^ ^""^ '" J'^e l,e too early to begin this 

BLIND PASSION 
Air should remember that chilHrpn u^ ■ t. 
these is the right to be well born "*'"• """ """>"« "■"= «-. of 

accident. I. should not be fastt o o'f^ "° rt"""'' "'^'^^ "> =''"■'« °r 

passion or ntere ..eru^t^:; l^t ''^■^tr " '"f °' "'"'' 
responsibih-ties involved, both parent, 1 Z '^"'"'"S the august 

thought, ntaking the best prepara,b:;otrbll "' ''"'' '"""'^™' '"'" 



' CHAPTER VII 

HEREDirr AND HOiy IT MAY BE OVERCOME 

NOTWITIISTAXDLNG .11 the sad experience of con.n,o„ life, in 
u^er„„ the >lls entailed upon ns b, our progenitors and in entai- 
.ng tlje .an,e upon our offspring, there are reasons for the convic- 
■on that prov.s.on exists in the overcoming of l.oreditary ev.ls so fTat 

an nUcMhed form. I here us help at hand to aid us in this work if we 
suKerely seek and intelligently appiv the agencies within our rlad'' 

I-.rst. u seen,s evident, that the great forces of nature, the life-eurrents 
of he unu erse. tend to health rather than to disease-to phvsicaln m 
and moral soundness, r., Vt than to their opposites ^ 

ativJ'Lr'T'rf ■"'?"■ ""' "''""" "' '"'-''*" '-^ ^'-^^ -^" '" the recuper. 
lenus at once to heal every wound and to cure everv .lisei.e ^n i „ . • i 
accomplishes ,„„o resuHs „„c„ no. .h„.a.,e., „, oZ^ZX:^^ 
overcame , ,r„gs a„,l ,„,i.,„s „ever heah .he n,„s. ,hey do is .o a i iul 
.he opera.,ons of ihis inhere, recpera.ive force. 

A GREATER FORCE THAN HEREDITY 

here''.'iu'!:::,T;" ■'"''■ " '"'"' '°''' "™ ""^'«'^. " ™"«<- 'h- be 
mean , ,Zl I '""'"""""' "' ^"rroun.hng. By s„rro„ndi„g we 
mean all .ho^e ,„lh,ences «l„cl, hear upon and affec. hnmani.v This 

cz:zz^ -' '-'•'"' '- " -« - -4-do": 

*o.,gh. .ha. .,e disease is hercdi.ary and .1.:; -.t'lisTo" hi:^ /"ov^ 

commg ,.. Now. it yo„ „ ill lake one of the children who 

H.e,y .0 develop .he di.sease and re.nove hina .:': p^^e trre"-' 



HEUEony MO nun- it iuy be o^-bkcomi. 



<>7 



!r„"« r Iff "T"'' """'■ ""■ -""""■l'"«» ••.« • --erful a,„l „ U„. he 




. ^. '^"" 0'' THE HUMAN THORAX. 

A— Clavicula (Collar-bonc), D_Tr„. p-. 

B-Sternum (Breast-bone) pi'''' ^'^'j, . „ 

C-Vertebr. (Spinal Colun.nj. fI,, " "^ '"""'' f"^^". 

r « ■ ,c-, """"^"'^ "Upper Arm-bone) 

O— Scapula (Shouldcr-bladc) 

pu.off.HeoMonc. A„.:,,,,„.„;i:z;,t:::. :,:,;::;r;r„'' 

neighbor sa,<l. D„ jon k„„„. anything about the pe.h^ree of this girl I 



«8 



HEREDITY AXD HOW IT MAY BE OVERCOME 



mo>C. r- ' T "" '''°°" "' '■" ^■"""'-•''^^ The a„o„,e,l 

.I.C ,cc „ r""^ ""' '''"'■ ' »''°"''' !'''='"■ °' ™"«. I>a. 

me training bestowed upon .ler. 

The picture of Little L„„l Tauntlerov is not overdrawn y„„ „ill 
rententher that the hoy',, ^rantlfather is ahar.I, „ns,n,pa, tetie „,an 
".glecte-l h,s tenants, and they were afraid of him. He h ^ ,„ sLe o 
l.e stewardship of wealth and position. ^•„„ „.„, rome, , r Z tl^e 

everytlnng, if not everything. vcrtonie almost 

THOUGHT IS FORCK 
In like manner, if we shall snv a ,'i,,i,i .-^ i i i 

-n,e apt to «nd had ^::' i^^i'z'i^^t^xi::^: 

If a mother will sit hy the bed of a chil.l when it is asleep and will nil, 
to ,t m a low, gentle tone, the child will hear an,l vet noMvaken f H e 
chdd ,s backwar.1 mentally, „,orally. phvsieally telf ,l„ 1 M 
;. .o stand well i„ its class, to he p^nr'e am:' "„:::: 'tn^f:; 

t^L T"°" ","' '°"'^ "" ^"^'^ ^"'^^ "" "'= i" >ho d icft 
:am:Z:„er ""''^ "'° '"" '*^ ''*"^'-- »"" «' "eaknesses, ,„ the 

If you go into a school roon,, and hear many coughing vou will find 
what m,„d means when you give a strong cheery wfrd to tC chihlre", 



I 



HEREDfTV JXO Iioir IT MAY BE OVERCOME 69 

here,l„> . ri.mk no ba.l ihoi.gl,,. s,,e„k „„ ,,.,„,, „„„,'.. ^ 

HEALTM rs NATURAL-11,1. .lEALTIl. IXSATURAL 

n. ™ ' " 7"" "7 '"' "'™^'™' "' •™"— n ,l,a„ .„ nor- 

.ml one. I l,c tendency of nalnre's forces is to n.aintain the nor.ml tvoe 

lliesaniela\v(btil)tlessol>tnin«i„ tT, i o"- nornui tjpe. 

I>c?ets like- is ,1, . ! ? '""" '''"■■'"■ TIK law that "like 

^.n..eal.hfnl in.;:-::.,;— ^^^^ 

How. then. „,a, tins he .,„ne? The answer is: Fi„., ,,v r^ntt 

^P.e..shes.a,,.al,.he„J.,,ah;„ti:^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

en. ^^e must abstain from swine's flesh tint nroHr, • ^'^ ^ook 

-c i_a.es. Which. :^:^:^::::^:::!:zz:z:::::::z 

lower tnp trmt^ r^( tu„ ., '^ '"■!> wtciKcn and 

.no. ::.h::::: e' ;:r::n::r„n:7:h7 v"-^"" ' -" -" 

to imagine then, "necessaries of rt" V "'\T '" """" """'' 

kingdom (mducLng. o, course, tlie cereals, fruits and nuts), which experi- 



70 



HBRBDITY AND HOW IT MAY BE Ol'ERCOME 



m,,. I '" "" °P^" "''•• ^^""^ 'l"lv all parts of the 

nu cuhr systen,; „res. rationally instead of fashionably;' l.athe o fen a'd 

tCa I „«^ « ""on .n the pores of the skin; and, in short, must prac 

it<;t::'eretr':L.^'' ■"""• =• '^-^ "- ----" ^-■' - 

of heluh's'tanT- '" r",2" °"' "'" ""''"">' '^S"* "-<= conditions 

e^ard o ,t ' ""Tf" "■°™ '"" °«"Pi«' ">' one who. through a dis- 
regard of these eondtt.ons, is constantly thwarting the recuperative ten 
denotes of nature, and is nourishing and adding tofhe '"""'""' '""" 



IMPROVEMENT FOR THE RACE 



If the foregoing suggestions are well founded, then there is hope for 

ual and or the race ,s possible, and that without lintit. The grand ener 
g.es of the untverse are in its favor. In our ills and weakn sses ot o, ' 
SC.OUS basenesses and evil proclivities, inherited though thev t'tn haTe 
been rom a long line of ancestry, we need no. lie prone and I Ip less ' 1 
no alternattve bu, either to transmit these hateful qualities o our off 
sprmg, or to refrain from the supreme joy of reprodu ing our e ves 
chapter' tptSc'T^ '7 "''"'-'' '' ""' ^"-"S^-tetUn the 

ver;i° b":H'arer:::^t~d " ' ^-""^ "■=• --"^ °' - 



PART III 
THE ORGANS OF GENERATION 

CHAPTER VIII 
THE HUMAN PELVIS 

AS THE genital organs of the male effect fewer functions than those 
of the female, we will here mainly describe the latter. The 
female organs of generation are divide.l into external and internal 
The external organs are included under the general name of vulva They 




THE FEMALE PELVIS. 

J: :Toi ;r; "Sj^S^i:::,^^:^ l - ^ '-- ^- '"-Pcd between .^e 
The pe.vi. . .v.e. .. conven^r^f ^X^^r^J^H^ r"rSi^"'^- 

consist in front of the mens Veneris, a fatty cushion covered in the female 
at the age of puberty with hairs, and extending back from this on each 
SKle, two hps or folds of the skin-the outer ones which are partially cov- 



7a 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



"hiihie T:; "n"' ''" 'f "■^""'""• - '-S^- in- »"-• .l.e innc. ones 

allcU 1 ,e d,.or,s. ri„s ,s „s„ally ,-,l,o„t one fonrtl, of an inch lone but 
o ,c„„,es l,econ,e. grea.l, enlarge,! so as ,o „e an inch or oj 
length. The ch.or.s . ,he seat of special sensation, an.l l,eco„,es son,"- 

what enlarged and hard- 
t'lied when the pa.ssions 
are e.Ncited. About one 
inch hack from the ch'- 
toris IS the opening of 
the urethra, or outlet of 
the bladder. Immedi- 
ately back of this is the 
opening of the vagina 
which is the entrance to 
the internal generative 
organs. 




THE V.VGINA 
The vagina is the 



STRUCTURE OF THE EXTERNAL ORG.XNS OF GENER.-.TIO.V 

(frg.xt view). 
..Bull,,,, ,„,ii,„n. ,, s„l,i„„or ,.agi„,« „,„„1,, „ 

ratorxcin. "c outu- ^j^g yulva, or external 

T* • f , oi)ening. to the womb. 

a k„a„l n, a somewhat cnrved .lireetion, an,l. owing ,„ ,h s cnrving 

s a on, an n,oh longe, on the posterior side than on the ant': 

rior. Is walls are tinck. an,l capable of ,lila,i„g or contracting ,o a con- 

derablc ex,e,„. I, is Une.l will, a nmcons .nenibrane throngboru ll 

he uterns. a,„l in virgins ,s n.arkcl with a nber of folds. „t Ig J 

ua.,y disappear alier connecion. an,l especially after .lelivcrv. The omie, 
of the vagina ,s kept close.l by means of a circular, or constrictor. m„ le 



THE HUMAN PEW IS 



73 



This muscle also tends to draw the walls of tlie vaj,Hna together, making 
them more firm, tints enabling it in a great measure to support the womb 
above. 

THE UTERUS 

The uterus, or woml>. was formerly thought to be the most essential 
of the generative organs, but it is now known to be but the receptacle into 




THE TRUE PELVIS. 

i>./SV,!r^ " "If '' '''°'' "'' '^'^""-■''••'•^ «f t"e true pelvis. It is smaller than the false 
must pass the fatus or unborn child. 

which the ripe egg is discharged from the Fallopian tubes. If conceptio. 
takes place it remains and develops into a r.:^^ being, otherwise, after a 
short stay, it passes off. 

The form of the womb is nearly that of a pear, the larger end being at 
the top. Tho length is about two inches an.l a half, and its breadth at 
the top about one and a half inches, while at the lower en.l it is something 
less than an inch. Its thickness is also about one inch. It is not round 
but flattened, and is slightly curved, or bent, the curved ,,a.t being toward 
the back bone, the lower part, or neck, projc ts into the vagina, the walls 
of which are attached to the exterior some distance above. The walls 
being very thick the cavity is necessarily verv small, and is different iti 



74 



THE fir. MAX PELVIS 



part it is continL.. dow.nva ^ ^^ r:;,:;;'^ ^^'^^ "V'^ '^^^^^ 

uten. or mouth of the uo.nh. into the vagina. '''' "' 

Tlie womb is kept in position I.v two round rnr,Ic 

attached, one on citlier side, to the won T ' "' ^^'"''"''' 

lu ine womb. These are about five inches 




This h ™^ LTERUS (womb). 

and fim.Sticr:xt;'LS!^n;;:lf S;::;:;""' °''"7 '" *■" '^^^^^ >i«aments; oviducts 
the wo„.b and the folds i„ the ZiotZX^J'^' '"' '^^"' ^'^'^^^''"^ '^^ •"-'»' °^ 



THE HUMAN PELVIS ^j 

length down, inclosing the rot.n.l hganicnts. tuhcs. a,ul ovarian Hgaments 
.n the.r substance. They grow fast to the pelvis and as.ist in maintaining 
he uterns. ovaries an.l tubes in their ,.ro,,er situation. There are also 
two hgaments that connect the uon,h to the hla.l.ler in front, calle.l the 
antenor ligaments, and two others which connect it with the rectum 
behmd called the posterior ligaments. All these, however, do hut little 
toward actually supporting the womb, which is reallv kept in its place 
more by the firmness and density of its own substance, and that of the 




Tt,» i:_» L J J , . """"E FALSE PELVIS. 

The mes ab.cd. and c f. show the relative- .liainci.rs of the false or upper pelvis Thi - 

Stiora=/:.r :;^r;i;r'^ -^'- - - tra„. jts:. :^ 

vagina below, and by tension of the muscles in the perineum than by anv- 
hmg else. When these ,)arts bccouie weak from debilitv or disease the 
hgaments stretch, the perineal muscles relax, and the walls of the womb 
arjd vagina soften till all fall down together, causing prolapsus uteri, or 
fallmg of the \vomb. 

The substance of the uterus is muscular, and is capable, in its con- 
tractions, of exerting great force. The inrre.nse in size which it under- 



THE HUMAX PELVIS 



organ in il,e l,„,|v cvc *■'«>'";">"><•. Indeed ihcrc is no oth„ 

"-S. „. ,„a, i:ii,.; r ,:;:^r,; :;„'■"%?■"■ -r-'^^ '^■'"""■ 

altogether ,,epe„,len, „„„„ ,|,e „ i™" ', .""";'"'• "°"""- '■' 
(nnctional .l.iliu- If ,|,ere -,re n„ <lcvel„p„,ent an.l iis 

™nn,en,a,. .i,, i, i::;::^::: zr::;:::;:'; IV"""":""-^- 

also. "-cases, tnose of the womb cease 

THE OVARIES 




UTERINE AND LTERO-OVARIa.V VEINS 

"'.1. -i...e proud,era„ce. ',:;■,:::::,,:* ^^■"- ^"'" ""' "' ---" -•" 
I., rac, ...e, are H.e",::^:,;, r;::; ;t::r ::::j-"' ?--">•■ 

•hey play in ,he gran.l process of ropr. .--^ "til "^T "". '^' ''''" 
ova. from whieh all living „ei„g, oriii^,; "'■°*'"" '"^ "^^^^ "^ 

Each ovary contains, emhedded in its mediae i . 
""'e vesieW. or ee„s. a,.o,„ .e si.e o, rC. r*: l^cLr 1^ 



THE HVMAX PELVIS 



n 



liclcs. These are filled with a whitish nuul. „. the n.id.t of which is seen 
""cgjr. orovum, aioiil ilii'<iV,.„(tl,„. •. / ■ """■" is seen 

«i>li the naked ev. , ' ' ' "' " I""' '" ^"""^^ 'fecemible 

follicles v"s tea on-, ■ ■; "" "^' """" '''""'' '" "■"•'•> "' "-- 

»^er ,t >s impossible to know. l,ut in 
f P'-ol^ability. there are m^nv more 

than are usually suspected, and 'there is 
good reason for supposing that none 
's formed in adult life, but that the 

germs of all are contained in the ovar- 
ies from the very first formation of 
these organs. 

Neither the follicles nor the in- 
cluded eggs are all equallv matured 
when we see them, but some are more 
perfect than the others. an<I one usu- 
ally much more so than all the rest 
In fact, they ripen, or develop in suc- 
cession, one after another, commencing at the i^e nf n„l . 
t'""ing to do so until the change of life l In 1 ui' '\ '"' '""" 

This development c.f the e^L^ t-d-,. ,V '"" ^'^^^'^'oped- 

n.ent or connection and o T ""'^"'^'-'■"'-^^'>- "^ sexual excite- 

won^en. both n^ n:;,^^ ^^ ^ ^l^lj^rf ^ ;>ay^ i" all healthy 

'i^ic. aiitr tne age of puberty. 




CRA.\FI.\.\ FOLLICLES. 

1, ovum; 2. 3. membranes of the 
follicle, 4, ns ve>.el.s; 6, cavhy con- 
••-"".ng ,I„,d i„ ,,,,ich is suspended the 
o'wn; ;, external covering of the 
ovary. ■ "^ 



VvHEN COXCEPTIO.V TAKES PLACE 



Place oT/er ::::*;, '" 1' "°™"' "-'■ -->"- - .axe 
tl.e ovaries, or^^^i^Zl'T "'"■'""" "' ""• "'"''" "^ '-"' 
.he ova „as left ,he l^ he ' „ w"™'"'' "°" ".°' °'"'^ "'"" ="- 
of another period. ° ""Presnalion until the return 

The manner in which the crs is exnell»,i :. 
umlerstood. explains manv nf tlfc a , , T* ' '"' '""°'"' ="" "■"- 

. "le atltnl.ini ilieiititncna. If the ovarv is 



;8 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



init about a week later one of tlicm becitis to »M,l-,r„, . 

increase in siVp -.t .1, ^ eiil.irffc and continues to 

increase ni size, at tlie same time coniinjr nearer the snrhrp of ^t, 

AS ,h„. are ,„o of .1,. ovar,« ,. is prol„Wc .l,a, .hcy mature ova alter- 




OVARV AND FALLOPIAN TUBE. 

.""l.r;;r°:sC, ti °"",; ■"' ""•• "'~'^'' '- «- °- -ar, 

tions of both ' ""^ "'" "" "«"'='•'>' ="■' P"'"'" Ihe tunc- 

THE FALLOPIAN TUBES 

row along the inner half of the tube the , ,W 1 """ "'" 

ex.ren,i.., the margins of .hieh are^rUX'Tj^Cr 




PLAYING HORSE. 



MW 




THE in-M.IX PI- WIS g, 

processes termed f.mf.ri.. ( >„,. ., ...ese prooessc, is conneo.c.I M. .ho 
M.tcr o,uI of the ..v.-.ry. As the (iraaf.a,, folhdc l.nrst. this f.n. ... , 

.mpul..rcachcs over and «n.„. ,hc ovary.thus seeunn. the 1:^^ ^^ 





TMB OVL'M INTEIIINQ THI 
rAM.OPrAM TIBE. 



rALLOPIAN T'TK, 



" """ ''> S"''"'ssivi- c-„iiir.uii,,iis (muts il „,i.. I',. ,..„;, , ,, 

Where, as hefo. state.,, it is either i.np.^a.:. L ^2.;:^: :Z:^\ 

or passes mto the vagina and th„s out of the body. ' 

CONCEPTION 
^.■nes ,he „ .iry. The ov.i re,|„ires about two ,l,-,vs to |,„,s ,l,r,„„.l, ,1,.. 




OVUM WELL ADVANCED IN 
THR FALLOPIAhf TCBB. 




THE OVUM AT TUB LOWKII 
END OF FALLOPIAN TUBE. 



vWlJ '" ""' " " "'"""' '"■■ ^"•""' "=>■' <"»-"y ="»"' eight). 

»h.Ie ,„ others „ pa.sc. off al.t.os. intn.ediatel,. Those „™,en who ar 



82 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



■^ 




OVUM AND EMBRYO. 

The term embryo is applied to 
the product of conception up to the 
third month, after which time the 
term foetus should be substituted. 



Ije seen upon the clothing. 

Impregnation takes place by the 
union of the male sperm with the female 
ova. Usually this takes place in the 
womb, but there is no reason why the 
niale germ, once within the cavity of the 
uterus, should not pass into the Fallopian 
tubes and there meet the unimpregnated 
ova. Usually but one ova is discharged 
from the ovaries at a time, but occasion- 
ally both ovaries will discharge an tgg 
into the womb, or one follicle may con- 
tain two eggs. In either case both may -...-..v.. 

be impregnated, and thus produce twins. In those rare cases where three 
or even four are produced at one birth, it is probable that, f .^ some unex- 
plamable reason, a like number of eggs have been producea , , the ovaries. 

DEVELOPMENT OF THE EMBRYO 
The ovum in passing through the Fal- 
lopian tube increases in size from one 
one-hundred and twenty-fifth of an inch 
to one-fiftieth or one twenty-fifth of an 
inch by absorption or yolk nutrition. 
As the ^gg is small it can furnish nutri- 
ment for but a short time! About six 
days after conception takes place, a 
membrane forms around the ovum 
^'^"^'^ ^''^ 'Chorion. This serves to anchor 
_, ^ the ovum to the walls to the uterus 

From the chorion minute hollow tubes ramify in all directions ' and 
commg m contact with the walls of the uterus draw nourishment from the 




The human pelvis 



«3 



mucous membranes which line that orean Ti,- 
mitted to the embryo by means of an L "°""shment is trans- 

and called the ailantois Z^IZ'^^^^^^^^^^^ '^ ^^^ the chorion, 

cord, the vilH of the chorio d i ^ ZT^.T""'' ■"" ''' '''^'''^^' 
the junction of the ailantois with t h e c h n '' ^'" "'''iterated, save at 

and this portion at the end ofT he se ond n'";, ^ ^'^^ ''^'''^ -'-^-' 
from which nutriment is furnil^erto thlZs '' '"^° *'^ '''''^'^' 

The placenta is a soft, spongy mass nearlv '.■ , • 

^ '' "'^''^ '^"■•^"'a'- ■" form, measuring 




"ER.NK SURir.CE OF THE PLACENTA. 



the placenta performs offices L , "■ ''"""'^ intra-u.erine life 



»♦ THE HUMAN PELVIS 

by exhalation the excrementitious matters originating in the process of 

^tal nntntK.n. The un.biHcal cord consists of a sheati, incIosLg "1 

aunons mass surrounding two umbilical arteries and one vein. Throt^h 

he agenc.es of the umbilical cord, as before stated, the foetus is nourished 

and the excesses discharged. 

THE BREASTS 

The breas,,, are accessory ,o the generative organs, and by many anato- 
m ts are classed among them. Their development and ftmc.ions L L 
u . eo„s, a„,l the sympathy between .hem is so marked that one can 
hardly be affected wnhout the other. They are hemispherical in shap 
glandnlar ,n t.ssue and the left one is usually slightly larger than the other 





.p«...»c. „ r„. »„„„ .„„„ „„ „„„ „ ,^, «.»„.„,„ „„. 



On the outer surface, and just below the center, is a small conical 
prom,„c,,cc. called the nipple, which is of darker color than the re^o 
he breast and ,s surrounded by a circle called .he areola, having a deepe 
tmt t an the surrounding skin. In blondes the color of the ar«,la is o, a 
rosy hue, n, brunettes it is much darker. This color is of im o anc 

n-asmucb as .t ,s affected by pregnancy, prov g a reliable sign l^ Web 

the ,,hys,c,an may determine whether a ,von,an is in a state o' pregnancy 

The growth of the embryo after fecundation is very rapid. On the 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



85 




THE OVUM AT THE EIGHTH WEEK. 



tvve fth , '"'r""^^ °' ^ semi-transparent, ^revish flake. On 

oUhich .s an opaque spot, presenting the first appearance of an embryo 

which may be clearly seen as an oblong or ^ 

curved body and is plainly visible to the 

naked eye on the fourteenth dav. The 

twenty-first day the embryo resembles an 
ant or a lettuce seed; its length is from fou- 
to five hnes and its weight from three to 
four grains. Many of its parts now begin 
to show themselves, especially the cartilagi- 
nous beginnings of the spinal column, the 
heart, etc. 

Ti.c thirtieth day the embryo is as large 
as a horse fly, and resembles a worm bent 

together. There are yet no limbs, and the - - » 

head is larger than the body. When stretched out it is nearly half an inch 
long. Toward the fifth weeK the head increases greatly in ^ropo;;;;: .0 

the remamder of the body, and the rudi- 
mentary eyes are indicated by two black 
spots turned toward the sides, and the 
heart exhibits its external form, bearing a 
close resemblance to that in the adult. 

In the seventh week bone begins to 
form in the lower jaw and clavicle. Nar- 
row streaks on each side of the vertebral 
column show the beginning of the ribs 
The heart is perfecting its form, the brain 
enlarging and the eyes a.,,1 ears growing 

trachea .s a delicate thread, but the liver is ver^■ hr^e TI 




THE OVUM IN THE SECOND MONTH. 



86 



THE HLMAX I'HLVIS 



.... ...e .,. „„ „o. cove. „. e.ve,.,.. "r'noJe^Lr a?„;;:::;r ' 

ne,.c.. The nos.nis arc r„„„,le,l an.l separated. The ...ou.h's^pr; 




THE OVUM AT THE FIFTH MONTH. 



M .1.0 en,l of ,hrco mon.hs ,he eyeli.ls are <li«i„c, |„„ ;,„„. „, , 
».e ,.ra„„ ,„,e,„er; .he forehead and nose are clear,, Z:^ '^^ 'Z 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



87 



organs of generation prominent. The heart heats with force, and larger 
vessels carry red blood; the fingers and toes are well defined, and muscle. 
begm to be developed. 

At the fourth month the embryo takes the name of fcx-tus. The body 
Ks MX to e.ght inches in length and weighs from seven to eight ounces' 
Ihe skui has a rosy color, and the muscles 
now produce a sensible motion. A fcjetus 
born at this time might live several hours. 
-At fivf months the length of the body is 
from eight to ten inches, and its weight is 
from eight to eleven ounces. 

At six months the length is twelve and a 
half inches; weight one pound. The hair 
ajjpears upon the head, the eyes closed, the 
eyelids somewhat thicker, and their margins 
as well as the eyebrows are studded with 
very delicate hairs. 

At seven montiis, every part has in- 
creased in volume and perfection; the bony 
system is nearly complete; length twelve to 
fourteen inches, weight two and a half to three pounds. If born at this 
period the fa-tus is able to b.reathe. cry and nurse, and mav live if properly 
cared for. ' r t- j 

At eight months, the foetus seems to grow rather in thickness than in 
length; it is only si.xteen to eighteen inches long and vet weighs from 
four to five pound'.. The skin is very red, and covered with down an,l 
a considerable (piantity of sebaceous matter. The lower jaw, which at 
first was very short, is now as long as the upper one. 

Finally, at term, the kvXus is about nineteen to twenty-three inches 
long, and weighs from six to nine pomuls. The red blood circulates in the 
capillaries, and the skin performs the functions of perspiration: the nails 
are fully developed. 




FtETtS AND SLRROUNDINGS AT 
SEVENTH MONTH. 



88 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 




»tAN or rCETAL CIRCULATION. 



THE HUMAN PELVIS 



89 



FCETAL CIRCULATION 

manTThfT 1\ ^"^^' ^'^-"'^'-"-A^ the lungs of the foetus are dor- 
n^an tlie foetal c.rculat.on is a very interesting phenomenon The 
b ood. passuig fron. the right ve.Uricle into the puhnonary artery instead 

o rrfhi'^, '""'r^^^^^' ^'""-^^ '''''''^■' ^"-"^''' ^''^ ^'"-- -- 

osus n to the descendnig aorta. From here the larger part is conveyed 
hrough the umbiiical arteries to the placenta, where the interchange i 
the maternal blood take i>Iace. I'-rcnanges with 

After being thus renovated and recharged with oxvgen. it collects 
M.t.n the umbilical vein and passes back to the fetal liven Here a p 
o a cremates through this organ. wiHle the rest passes direct throng 
he ductus venosus into the inferior vena cava, where it again meets h 
blooc brought from the liver by the hepatic vein, and t'e two Ux ng 
^..h that re urmng fron, the lower extrenmics and viscera of the abdo 

iTal'^lV ;■''"• ";''^^- ^"'' '' ''' ^^""-•'"^" ^•'''■- P-^ '"tote 
le t auricle, where .t becomes mixed with a small quantity of blood 

returning from the lungs by the pulmonary veins 

From the left auricle it passes into the left ventricle, from here into 
the aor a. from whence it is distributed almost entirely to the upper 
extrem,t,es Descending by the superior vena cava it enters the Zl 
auncle, and from here into the right ventricle, and thus completes U.e 
circuit. ' 



ifft; 

U 
it 



CHAPTER IX 
MENSTRUATION 

THERE is probably no function of woman which is so httle under- 
stood by woman herself, as menstruation. She can tel you that 

ap4rsr:;rL:ru:r-:z;^;:'r^ 

not be wondered at when we co„si<ler the short 

fme wh.cl, has elapsed since this function was 

clearly understood even by medical men. From 

the earliest ages to the present time there have 

been numberless tiieories advanced, but each one 

after the other has fallen to the ground by its own dead weight until at 

last the undoubtedly correct theory has been reached 

Inaccordance with the universal law of reproduction every living thing 
^^^ comes from an ,gs or germ. This can be shown as 

well m the vegetable as the animal kingdom The 
sturdy oak from the acorn, the ear of corn from the 
gram planted by the farmer, the robin, and the ele- 
pluint all springing from germs, go to prove the 
^'■""'^"'"*^'' "^ ^'^'s I'-i^^- Every seed, every eetr con 




SECTION OF OVARY, 



APPEARANCE OP THE 
SEMINAL GRANULES. 



THE SEAT OF LIFE 

Thus far all is plain enough, but where do the^ ^rms originate' It 
has been ascertau,ed that each animal, as well as each plant, iTprlvided 
w.th an organ for the production an<l throwing off of th^ cel. or ge Is 



Wl: 



MENSTRUATION 



9* 



In uomnn h.s orprnn .s the ovary, the sole physiological function or duty 
of wh ch .s to n,ature an.l deposit its ova or e^,. every tucntv-eighth .Ia> 
from he age of fifteen to that of forty-five. This function is sSspenl^ i 
only dunng pregnancy and nursing, hut sometimes not even then D . 

"ana or'tulr'r;' '•"■"'""• "^' ''"'"''^^""^' "^ ^'^ -"- >"'" the 
canal or tube wh.ch conveys it into the womb, the generative organs 

rrr? '^r' ^""^'"'^"- '••"^■•"^ -^""'^^^ ^^ -^ •""--"• ^hi rge :. 

t on at last reaches such a height, that it overflows, as it were. an<l nro- 
<l"ces a chscharge of bloody fluid from the genitalia or birthplace Xs 
soon as the flow . ommences the heat and aching in the 
region of the ovaries, and the weight and .Iragging sen- 
sation diminish an.l gradually disappear. Thus it will 
he seen that menstruation consists mcrelv in the ripen- 
«ng and discharge of an ovum or c^^. which, when not 
impregnated, is washed away by the menstrual fluid or 
Idood, poured out from the vessels on the inner surface 
of the womb. 

The marvelous regularity of menstruation has always 
excited great wonder, but why should it? When we 
look around, we see that both animal and vegetable life 
have stated and regular times at which germ production 
takes place. Fruits and vegetables ripen, and animals 
produce their young at certain periods. It is a law of 
nature, and why should not woman obey it, in hei 
monthly term? section op womb. 

Now. since it has been shown that menstruation consists in the ripen- 
mg, and regular dejjosit of an egg-the flow being but the outward visible 
sign of such an act-it is possible that a woman may menstruate regularly 
without having any show. To prove this, there are many cases on rec- 
ord where a woman has married, and become pregnant without having 
had the least show, which would be impossible if she did not menstruate 

A woman in perfect health should feel no necessitv for deviating from 
the ordinary duties or occupations and no special care need U taken at 




9» 



MENSTRUATION 



m 



this time. Under existing conditions, however, such cases are extremely 
rare and by far the exception ratlic. than the rule. 

As has been before remarked, menstruation commences at about the 
age of fourteen or fifteen in this coiuury. In warmer climates it appears 
earher. and m colder ones, later. Menstruation, menses, courses, monthly 
periods, and "being unwell." are some of the terms l.y which this function 
IS designated. Those who live luxuriously, and whose physical training 
has been such as to make their nervous .systems more susceptible, menstru- 
ate at a much earlier period than those who have been accustomed to 
coarse food and laborious employment. 

The appearance of the menses before the fourteenth year is regarded 
as unfortunate, indicating a premature .levelopment of the organs- while 
their postponement until after the sixteenth year is generally an evidence 
of weakness, or of .some disorder of the generative apparatus. If how- 
ever, the person has good health. an,l all her r.ther functions nre regular- 
Jf her spirits are nut clouded, nor her mind .lull and weak, it should not 
be considered necessary to interfere with nature, fur irreparable injury 
may be done. ^ 

SYMPTOMS OF MENSTRUATION 

The first appearance of the menses is generally preceded by the fol- 
lowing symptoms: Headache, heaviness, languor, pains in the back loins 
and down the thighs.and an indisposition toexertion. There is a peculiarly 
dark tint of the countenance, particularly un<ler the eyes, and occasionally 
uneasiness and a sense of constriction in the throat. The perspiration has 
often a famt or sickly odor, and the smell of the breath is peculiar The 
breasts are enlarged and tender. The appetite is capricious, and digestion 
IS impaired. These symptoms continue one. two or three clavs, and sub- 
side as the menses appear. The menses continue three, five or seven 
days, according to the peculiar constitution of the woman. The quantity 
discharged varies in different individuals. Some are obliged to make but 
one change during the period, while others change from ten to fifteen 
times. 

At about the age of forty-live the final cessation of menstruation takes 



,»l 



MENSTRUATION 



93 



place. Sonicti.nes the symptoms are mistaken for those of pregnancy- 
such as sickness at the stomach, capricious appetite, swelling an,! pain in 
the breasts. 1 he change is generally gradual. The discharge may return 
every two or three weeks, then cease for two , ,r more months, return again 
for several months as regular as ev.r. and hnally disappear altogether. 
Ihe subject is treate«l more thoroughly under the title "Change of Life " 
It IS durmg the menstrual perio.l that tiic svstem. especially of young 
persons, is more suscei.til.lc to both mental and i.hysical influences The 
emotions of ioy. grief, love an.l sympathy are more easily excited than 
at other times. Women are liable to be very irritable and exacting. For 
this reason they should be treated with more than usual indulgence and 
symi)athy. 

\'ery nnich depends upon the regular and healthy action of the di.s- 
charge. for to it woman owes much of her beauty and perfection. Great 
care should therefore be use.I to guar.l against any influences that may 
tend to derange the menses. S.ulden suppression is always dangerous. 
Cold baths, foot baths, wetting ,he feet by the wearing of thin shoes are 
very injurious chiring this perio.l. .\ young woman anxious to attend a 
party or ball during this period sometimes takes a hip bath to arrest the 
d.sciiarge. but what a train of horrors follows such an insane act. and still 
there are many foolish enough to do this. During the menstrual period 
no treatment is necessary, unless some of the various derangements of 
menstruation afflict one. and then the management of these will be found 
under their proper heads under the chapter entitled "Diseases of Women 
and Children and Their Cure." 

MENSTRUAL IRREGULARITIES 

When the menses do not appear at the time when they may naturally 
be expected, we call it delayed or obstructed menstruation. It is how 
ever, of great importance to know whether a girl is sufficiently developed 
to make it necessary for the menses to appear, although she mav have 
reached the proper age. As long as the .girl has not increased physically 
If she has not become wider across the hips, if her breasts have not become 




■2Tr 



MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI ond ISO TEST CHART No 2) 




1 3.2 

■ 3.6 



2.5 
2.2 



2.0 



.8 




j= APPLIED IM/IGE Inc 

^— ^ ;653 Eost Main Street 

^^E Rochester, New York '4609 USA 

'-as (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

ass (716) 268 - 5989 - Fax 



^ MENSTRUATION 

TZn ToV' ''" "'"""" "°" °' ^'" '^'^^"^^^ •"-•-'^ ^« ^1- period, 
an effort to force nature ,s positively injurious. In tliis case a ienera 

rea n.e„t w.I he called for. The gir, should he taken fron. s hoof rl 

d : ; ::7 '"'""'^^^; -''-' ^^ '^^ ^-^ -^^ p°- "-^= ^-- ^^^ exc in" 

tarns, or to he seashore, to hreathe pure air. rich in o.xvgen; take daily 

as h ought many an enfeehled girl to a state of health and vigor which 
vvou d before have seemed in,possihIe. If. however, she is f.dly devel 

reast. or abdomen, n w,ll he necessary to interfere. The following are 
the symptoms which will generally he found present in these cases: Head! 
ache, weight, fullness, and throbbing in the center of the cranium and 
jn the back of the head: pains ,n the hack and loins: cold feet hand 

becom„,g sometn.es very hot: skin harsh and dry; slow pulse and not' 
unfrequently attended with epilepsy. i ^ ana not 

Treatment.-It is wise, a few days before the period, to take hot 
foot baths at mght and dress the feet warmly during the day 
The followmg remedy will correct the irregularity: 

Tinct. of Belladonna 

Tinct. of Hellonine ^ drops. 

Tinct. of Nux Vomica. ^ ''''^P*- 

Put the above in full glass oVwater. ^ '^'°^^- 

Dose, two teaspoonfuls every hour. 

SUPPRESSIOxM OF THE MENSES 

By suppression is meant a disappearance of the menses after they 
have become established, and may be either acute or chronic 

Among the causes of suppression may be mentioned the following- 
Sucklen exposure to cold and humid air when the body is overheated cofd 
baths or .ce cold drinks, loss of blood, a wound, a blow, a fall, a but n 
excessive pam. a great mental shock, powerful drugs, an irritated stomach 
poor nounshment. overwork, late hours, the use of articles of a stimulating 
nature; moral affections, such as sadness, grief, disappointment, etc It 



^fEXSTRL\lT/OX 
S.,n,,„o„,s._llea,lacl,e: (over. 1,„, skin. ,|„ick |,„l,e. ,l,irs,- cul.l Inn.k 

-sr?;;.;::;:;- ■:: "■""- " ■'• -- - '- "- '" : 

am, Heavy, and somctnne, cxcrnciatinRlv painlnl; tl.o cr. rhm ,vi,l, 
3 range »„„„.. u,e i„„.s.i„e,, n, .„eir ,nn, L irri n. ., pT;,;, ^^^,^ l" 
r « or ,,,,en.er>.; ,„e l.la.Mcr. .I,e ne... nei,l,l.or ,„ ,l,e'„„ "si rl: 
" the g neral derangement, cansing frc<,„en, an,l ,Hffic„l, nrina Z 
Tins cond,„on finally in<h,e„ general lassi.nde. sa.lnc, „r al X 

^ce beconjes pale and pnffed. .I,e „es„ flal.l.y. .„e n,oven,e : id-^ 

2"^ y,elds easdy .o „,ora, influences, and „eeo„,es n.orose o^ tela' 

General Trea,n,ent.-\Vl,en the suppression is eattse.l by sonte di, 
ease ,n the system, that disease ntnst be cured before t e m t^ 

both. On awaking ,n the morning drop ,l,e go„ n an,l with a coarse owel 
or flesh brush produce a vigorous friction all over the bodv bv ,!, 
ntovements of the brush. Then .Iress quicklv. ' ' ' ™"' 

It should be remembered tliat the ten.C,-,^.. c 
-ppear. and that in due titne nat'urfn,.:r::'re^ rr^triLt t 
.t .s then that the means to assist it shouhl be employed ' 

If the discharge ceases take the following and continue „„,:i ,1, n 
.s established whether within three days or one monti! "'" 

Tincture ,' Pulsatilla 

Tinct. of Veratrum Veridc ^ drops. 

Tinct. of Hellonine ^ drops. 

In glass of water. Dose, two ■teaspoonfuls 'every hour.' ^ ^'°^'- 



MENSTRUATION 



CHLOROSIS, OR GREEN SICKNESS 

This disease generally occurs in young unmarried women who are 
weak and delicate. It manifests itself about the age of puberty, and is 
accompanied by feeble appetite and digestion. There is no menstrual 
discharge, or else it is very slight. 

Causes.— Such as derange the vital functions, as innutritions food, resi- 
dence in damp and ill-ventilated apartments. Those who drink largely 
of tea. cofifee, diluted acids, bad wines, and indulge in tight lacing, are pre- 
disposed to this disease. Among the exciting causes may be mentioned 
disturbing emotions, unrequited love, home-sickness, depression of spirits 
etc. 

Symptoms.— The symptoms characterizing this disease do not mani- 
fest themselves all at once, but gradually, insidiously, and almost insensibly 
come upon the patient. One usually first complains of general lassitude, 
and an aversion to physical or mental labor of any kind. There is a pecu- 
liar color of the skin, not excessively white, but a paleness, mixed with 
yellow and greenish tinges. The lips at times are almost white, the eye- 
lids livid and swollen. The skin feels cold to the touch. The (jums 
become pale, and the tongue is generally coated white, and there is a 
pasty taste in the mouth in the morning. The breath is offensive. The 
subject appears weak, and tires very soon after slight exertion. She 
breathes hurriedly, not from any disease of the lungs, but because she 
has not sufficient strength to expand the ches. to its full capacity. The 
sleep is disturbed and unrefreshing. The bowels are constipated, ?--^ 
sometimes there is nausea and vomiting. The pulse is small and frequ.. .. 
She is sad, subject to fits of weeping, and prefers to be alone. The appe- 
tite is diminished, and dyspeptic symptoms, as heartburn, sour stomach, 
pain in the stomach with nausea, show themselves. 

As the affection proceeds, the lower extremities become swollen, hectic 
cough sets in, sometimes attended with spitting of clots of blood. The ab- 
domen becomes tense and swollen, and so much so sometimes, that the 
patient may be accused of being pregnant. The menses, if they have 




The fairest flower in the 



itself to the influence of D 
the 



GIRLHOOD. 
5,^ It" .':i' creation is a young mind, o: ering and unfold 



ivine Wisdom 



the heliotrope turns 



Uj sweet bloss 



ing 

onis t(j 




UNCONSCIOUS BEAUTY 



MEXSTRUATIOS 

»on,e cases nerves sv„,„t„„,s „ |„„' I ' "^ "" "■''"■*'• '" 

themselves. Chlorosis' ^.1 1 " V? ?" "' ''"■■'""^' <'"^^- "''-"'ifesl 

-.mp,io„, , have ; e,™L v;;: t" " "'■'"" -""^ '"■•'"• "■■ -■ 
."•^y he reco,„,e/,ro:; !r s L ' '7:,";;:,°' •"' "■■'-"- - "■- « 

present i„ every ease. I„„ i„ a n.ajori.y „, les """"°"" ••"" "°' 

Treatment. — If we tnL-^ .nf. i 

'he -lisease is i,.nover,'t,e TTITT "" ''"' '"»' "'^^ -"« of 
difficnl,. Exercis;fee ' ""''• ""■■ '""""-■' ""' "« he 

•-. ■■" a >vell ventilalell r:'o,:' Tho"^^ :.":;;:,";;."°""' ^'7" "" " "'- 
heing stim„la,i„j;. I, js in„,orf,n, I,,, l ? ""."•■-hinR witho,,! 

...e -I , „;„,, i;r;i:;t::er:::::r,;:' ''^""- -<■ 
.hem::!'::;™';' '^ t-t"- "-^ ""^■^- -- - 

exiseenee of .he na'iem If , •^."'"''!""^ •^''""■''^ ""■^> he ,m.le in „,e 

'.e .emoveu, if^rr;:;- ,::;■: — ;'r r "' '"'°°', ^"^ ■^'-'" 

co..n,r.v. Pie.„re .l,e danger ,,v ,l,e co,,; nle rr: J™' '" '? '"' 
of outdoor exercise. Tl,e mental and moral eau es 1 .", ^"'^ ""'^ 
to remove, but a change of scenery an.l ne v .^^1 '^1 ' "'"I ""'™" 
... For those .ho are shut up in fa^ories, or lo t: '1 ^k:"" •"""'' 
■ng pos,.,on, a change of en.plovmen, mns, he nJe T '/""''" 

water in the morning followed l,y a brisk ring" „ h^ , ' V' T"'" 
..ot convenient to take the water hath then an I h, " ''.'"f't ■ " 
.s ntos, excellent. During menstruation all ann i a l^nf "' * 

be omitted. applications of water should 

Tinct. of Iodide of Iron . 

Tinct. of Nux Vomica .'..".'.'.' 3 drops. 

T.nct. of Viburnum Opulus. . 2 drops. 

Tinct. of Veratrum Veride.. 6 drops. 

Mixed in a ,ull glass of water. Do;;:;;;o-tea;poonfuIs-e;e;y-hour.-' '""''■ 



100 



MENSTRUATION 



PROFUSE MENSTRUATION 

There is no fixed amount of blood which is lost at the menstrual 
penod. but ,t vanes in different women. It will average, however, from 
lour to eiglit ounces. 

Causes—Some women are predisposed to uterine hemorrhages from 
a relaxed or flabby state of the texture of the uterus. Frequent child- 

induce flooding. Among the exciting causes we may mention ov^r-ex" 
erfon. dancmg. falls, lifting heavy weights, cold, and mental excitements 
An mordmate flow occurs generally in women of sanguine tempera^ 
ment, whose pulse is strong, and whose circulation is free; again 
where the pass.ons are strong and exposed to over-excitation, reflex acdon 
m ght determme blood to the generative organs and induce congestions 
hat nature reheves by profuse menstruation. The disease is also common 
among women of nervous, irritable temper; in those who are corpulent 
.ml of mdolent hab.ts, and those who live i. hot climates or occnpyToom 
having a h.gh temperature. It is also an hereditary predispositL, and 

r seZ. """ ' "''' ' '' '^"^^^"^" ''^''''''' '^^^^ ^'^ -- 

Symptoms.-Exhaustion of the bodily powers, weakness and pain in 
he back, extendmg to the hips, and across the loins; sallow and sunken 

iTh n' '; ""' '''°'''"^ "' ^'^ *^"P^"' P^'" •" the left side, 
stomach and bowels; sometimes diarrhoea, with great nervous debility 

irnlZTT'r^^V"''"''' '""'* ''" ^°^^" °" ' ^''^ b«d' «"d abstain 

r,H I ;T r""^ "' '"' '""'^ ^'^ ••^^"^ ^^omd be cool. and she 

should be hghtly covered with bedclothes. If the feet are cold nut them 

m^hot^water for thirty minutes. The hips must be elevated higher than 

Flooding, proceeding from any canse. should be treated promptly as 
senous consequences may follow its continuance. If flooding is severe 
use hot water vaginal injections-hot as can be bome-once or twice a 
day. Take on alternate days the following remedies: 



MENSTRUATION 

Tinct. of Iron 

One full glass of waicr " d:^: iwo'tVaspo^niuU cW^: 'houV ' *'^°'"- 

On the second day take of 

Tinct. of Viburn -n Opulus 

Tinct. of Belladonna 6 drops. 

Peruvian Bark ^ drops. 

Mix in full glass of urat^r n^.J ^ drops. 

« oi water. Dose, two teaspoonfuls every hour. 

PAINFUL MENSTRUATION 

hej^ "" '"°'''" ""'' P">-^'"' f™"- »l.ich woman comes on, a 

Sler "w ""' T"'" ^'^^* °' «"" -" ='»«-' Wool 
n„ Jr T r " "' " ^nguinous tcmnerament should make fre 

hree or four days ,us, preceding .he menses .he body should be kep. a 

before re.,nng Vagmal mjecions of ho. wa.er will afford relief If ,h^ 
bowels are not free, (hey should be reHfv.^ K, "' 

icedwa.er,orve.7cold^rinto:„Tk.^d •:uul"rr°'*''^^- '"' 
before or during mens.rua.ion.. a m'o.'rh?„l lid Vatrh^rml;'' 
.ns.ances brough. back all the pains .ha. have been";;;;™:^ 



UENSTRVATW 
rec,.mmen,I«l by mor. phy.ician, than any o.hc reuara.inn i. „„ 

r'r :"" ";r '"'"" '"-'"■ " •' "^^ -o r p *"«; 

for a 1.V ""•■>«"« by taking teaspoon(.,l dose, every nieht 

i:.° Cd i:rat'r;Totr;„d ?: "- --"T" °' '^' "- 

not contain any narcotics whate er nn^V T'. ^'^^ ^°"^P°""d does 
-e.ee.. . n.y be . J::;!^-:::.^^^^^ 



CHAPTER X 



PREGNANCr 

A HEALTHY married woman, during ,l.e p„iod of chiM-bearine 
^' main LT7' '° """'™"' " "' '"'" "'""^ "'"■«' = '"" '' 

But as failure to mer.struate may proceed from other causes than that 
o pregnancy-such as disease or disorder of the womb, or of othe org n 
of the body-espeoally of the lung^it is not by itself alone entirely to be 
depended upon; although, as a cmireiy to be 

single sign, it is— especially if the ^ v ^fff.^ ' 

patient is healthy— the most reliable ' '"'''' ' '" 

of all the other signs of pregnancy. 

SECOND SYMPTOM 

Morning-sickness is one of tl.2 
earliest symptoms of pregnancy; as 
it sometimes occurs a few da; s, and ^^^cr==:^»^'- 

indeed generally not later than two ■" ' "*'^' 

or three weeks, after conception. °"**"*'' '^"''■" «'"*""''° ""«*" ovo.. 

This s''gn usually disappears after 

the first two or three months. 

Morning-sickness, then, if it 
does not arise from a disordered - -.»........«, .poi 

~cr;iirnr:::^^^^ 

day cmir.1, free from the feeling „, sickness ' "' '"' °' ">' 




I. Stroma of the tissue of the ovary 
2. External tunics of the Graafian vesi- 
cle. 3. Intirnal tunics of the Graafian 
vesicle. 4. Cavity of the vesicle. 5 
Yo k-sac. 6. The yolk. 7. The germ- 
inal vesicle, 8. The germinal spot 



104 



PREGNANCY 



i 



THIRD SYMPTOM 

is shoofinp. thrnl.hing and latuinatinK pains. and enlarKcmcm of the 
breast, witli soreness of the nipples, occurring al.out the second month- 
and. in sonic instances, after the first few months, a small quat.tity of 
watery flui.l. or a little milk, may I,e s(,neeze<l out of them. This laiter 
symptom, m a first prej^nancy. is valuable, an.l can generallv he relie.l 
upon as conclusive that the woman is pregnant. It is not so 'valuable in 
an after pregnancy, as a little milk might, even should she not be pregnant 
remain in the brea.ts for some months after she has weaned her child. 

The veins of the brca.st 
look more blue, and arc con- 
se(|uently more conspicuou;i 
than usual, giving the bosom 
a mottled appearance. The 
breasts themselves are firmer 
and more knotty to the 
touch. The nipples, in the 
majority of cases, look more 
healthy than customary, and 
are somewhat elevated and 
enlarged. 

.\ dark-brown areola or 
disc may usually be noticed 
a r o u n d the nipple, the 
change of color commencing 
about the second month. The 
tint at first is light brown, which gradually deepens in intensitv. until 
toward the end the pregnancy the color may be very dark. Dr. Montgom- 
ery, who i)ai(l great attention to the subject, observes: "During the prog- 
ress of the next two or three months the changes in the areola are. in gen- 
eral, perfected, or nearly so, and then it presents the following characters: 
A circle around the nipple, whose color varies in intensity according to the 




THE AREOLA. 



- 0. 



PA7:G,VJA't)' ,^ 

particular ccn.plcxi.m of tl.o in.Iivi.lual. hcin^ „s.,allv ucli .larker in 
j^crsons with l.lack hair, chuk .yc-s an.l >alluw ski,,. ,ha„ i„ ,h,.sc of fair 
ha.r. hKht-co!ore.l eyes a,i.I .Idicatc .o.upk.xio,,. The .-.rea of this circle 
vanes ,„ d,a..,eter fro,,, a„ inch t.. a„ i„ch a„.l a I,alf. a„.l increases in 
most persons, as pren-.ancy advances, as does also the depth o,- color." 
Ihe <Ir.rk areola is somewhat swollen. 

FOIRTH SY^ • ' M 

A fnnrth .sy,«pt.>ni is qnickeninK- This generally occurs about the 
complet.on of the f<n,rth calendar n.onth; frequently a week or two 
before the en.I of that |,eriod. at other ti.nes a week or two l.-,ter \ 
woman someti,nes qui kens as early as the thin! month, while others, 
although larely. (|uicken as late as the tUth. and 
in yery rare cases, the sixth month. It will there- 
fore he seen that there is an uncertainty as to the 
period of quickening, although, as 1 before re- 
marked, the usual period occurs at four and a half 
months— or when the egiiancy is half com- 
pleted. 

Quickening is one of the most important 
signs of pregnancy, and also one of the most 
valuable. After this tin,e there is less <langer of miscarriage 

A woman at this time frecjuently feels faint. The sensation of quick- 
en.ng ,s sa.d by many ladies ,o rescuble the fluttering of a bird; by others 
U .s hkened to a heaying. beating, or leaping sensation; accompanied. 
somet,mes. w,th a frightened feeling. These sensations after the first daJ 
of (,u,ckemng usually come on eight or ten tin,es a day. although it may 
happen , or day-s together that the patient does not feci the movement of 
the child; or if at all. but very slightly. 

Quickening Prises from the aicen't of the womb into the abdomen 
Owing to the increased si.e there is not room for it below Another 
cause of quickening is the child has reached a further stage of deyelon- 
ment. and has, in consequence become stronger both in its muscular and 




GRAAFIAN VESICLE OP A 
MAM.MAL. 



io6 



PREGNANCY 



~ Indlr'' "','" T'''' '''' "°*'°" °^ "■•"''^' P-^-^^"' enough 

ad S Ihe ""■ '''"" '"^ '^"^'""^ ^'^^ ''''^^'°'-" '^ -^t 

T.ion ; " r-^"""'' '"' ''^''' ^"'^•'^-•"&. the abdomen, over the 

region of tlie womb, ,s hard and resisting. 

The sixth symptom is protrusion of the navel. This svmptom does not 

pegnancs the navel is drawn in and depressed. As the preenancv 
adva- ces, the navel gradually comes forward Pregnancy 

The seventh symptom is emaciation; the face, especially the nose is 
P nche<l and ponued; the features are altered; the face, as the pre" n'icy 
advances, gradually resumes its natural comeliness "" ^ 

Many a plun,p lady tells of her pregnancy by her sudden en^aciation 
The e ,s one comfort, however, for as soon as the pregnancv is ove f 
not before, the body usually regains its former plumpness ' 



EIGHTH SYMPTOM 

is irri>al,ili,y of the btaclcler which is. sometimes, one of the earlv si^ns 
of pregnnncy. I. i. likewise. fre„„e„„y one of ,he early syn,,,..,.': 

«rv ;,i,l '""'"' °' "" '''""•'"■ '■" '"^'^ P-Snaney. is o!,en,in,es 
ery <hs,res „,ff and very pa,„f„l-.hc patient heing <list„rbe,l fron, her 

tTsat'Tt ;:"t," ' '"'"' '° """■--'--* «---">• 'H.t a few 
drops at a t,me. Tim symptom nsually leaves her as soon as she has 

qtuckenedMo return again-usually without pain-just before the co" 
mencement of labor. 

There is very little to be done in such cases, in the wav of relief. One 
of the best remedies is.-a small teaspoonful of Sweet Spirits of Nitre 
m a wme-glass full of water, taken at bed-time. Drinking plentifully 
as a be erage. of barley water with best gum arabic-half an otnlce of gum 
to every pmt of barley water-the gum arabic being dissolved in the 



PREGNANCY 

um,Uhe g„™ ,s d,ssolved. This beverage ,„ay be sweetened according 

ADDITIONAL SYMPTOMS 

Sleepiness often accompanies pregnancy, the patient being able to 
sleep ui season and ont of season. 

" '" ' • '"'f "^'"■" ■' =-"«">■ i^^ bnt hcartbnrn. as a rnle, altbongh 
eo disagreeable. ,s rather a sign that the patient will go her time Heart- 

bnrn ,s very amenaWe to ,reatn,ent. a prescription for which will be fonnd 

". the cha|,ter on "Diseases of Women an.l Children '• 

Increased How of saliva is son.etin.es a symptom of pregnancy 

amo„n,n,g. „, rare cases, to regnlar .,alivation-tl,e patient beL „; 

fo weeu" ' '"!" '''"""'°"- " "^" "^"^">' '- "■»«^ -ntetimes even 
for w eeks. an<l ,s most disagreeable, bnt is not at all clangerons 

Toothache is a freqnen, sign of pregnancy-pregnancy being often 
very destrnct.ve to the teeth-,lestr„ying one with every child^ For 
reme<ly see "Diseases of Women an.l Children" 

Loss of Appetite.-Some women have, ntore especially during the 
early months of pregnancy-wretched appetites; they loathe their lod 
and .read the approach of n,eal-,in,es. Others, on the contrary ea. 
more heart.ly dnring pregnancy than at any other period of their hv'es- 
they are absolntely ravenous, and can scarcely satisfy their hnngerl 

The longntgs of a pregnant woman are sometimes truly absurd; but 
hke almost even tinng else, it grows upon what i, is fed. They long ft 
roast P„. for pork, raw carrots, raw turnips, raw mea.-for'an;d,i„g 
and for everythmg that is unwholesome, and which they would t a^y 
other tmte loathe an.l turn away from in di.sgnst. The best 2„Z 
treatment to adopt, is not to give way to such Lgings. tnes^.l vare 
of a harmless, simple nature, in which case they wffl soon pa! a! v 

Exc,tab,l,ty of mmd is very common in pregnancy, more espedally 
.f the patten. ,s delicate; indeed, excitability is a sign of deb I rand 
requires plenty of good nourishment, b„, few stimulants 



io8 



PREGNANCY 



PROPER DRESS 
There should be no bands about the hips, but in place of them the 
tinder-garments should be made continuous from the shoulders and so 
loose that they would fall over the hips, if not supported from the shoul- 
ders. Skirt supporters" will keep the skirts in position, or better still 
one of the numerous forms of "hygienic waists ard skirts" may be 
used. These answer the purpose of the corset, giving a neat and trim 
appearance to the figure and at the same time allowing full freedom to the 
waist and increasing abdomen. 

AIR AND EXERCISE 
Although long walks are injurious, one ought not to run into an 
opposite extreme-short, gentle, and frequent walks during the whole 
period of pregnancy cannot be too strongly recommended; indeed a 
pregnant woman ought to live half her time in the open air Fresh air 
and exercise prevent many of the unpleasant symptoms attendant on that 
state; they tend to open the bowels, and relieve that sensation of faintness 
and depression so common in early pregnancy. 

Exercise, fresh air and occupation are essentially necessary in preg- 
nancy. If they are neglected, hard and tedious labors are likely to ensue 
The easy and quick labors and rapid recoveries of poor women are greatly 
due to the abundance of exercise and of occupation which they are both 
daily and hourly obliged to get through. Many a poor woman thinks 
but little of confinement, while a rich one is full of anxiety about the 
result. Let the rich lady adopt the poor woman's industrious and 
abstemious habits, and labor need not then be looked forward to, as it 
frequently now is, either with dread or with apprehension. 

Bear in mind that a lively, active woman has an easier and quicker 
confinement, and a finer race of children, than one who is lethargic and 
indolent. Idleness brings misery, anguish, and suffering in its train and 
particularly affects pregnant women. Oh, that these words would have 
due weight, then this book will not have been written in vain! The hardest 
work in the worid is having nothing to do! 



PREGNANCY 109 

Stooping, lifting of heavy weights, and overreaching, ought to be 
carefully avoided. Running, horseback riding and dancing, are likewise 
dangerous— they frequently induce miscarriage. 

VENTILATION 

Let every woman look well to the ventilation of her house; let her take 
care that every chimney is unstopped, and during the daytime that the 
windows in unoccupied rooms are thrown open. Where there is a sky- 
light at the top of the house, it is well to have it made to open and shut, 
so that in the daytime it may, winter and summer, be always open. 

The cooping-up system engenders all manner of infectious and loath- 
some diseases, and not only engenders them, but feeds them, and thus 
keeps them alive. There is nothing wonderful in all this, if we consider, 
but for one moment, that the exhalations from the lungs are poisonous. 
The lungs give ofif carbonic acid gas (a deadly poison), which, if it is not 
allowed to escape, must be breathed over and over again. If the perspir- 
ation of the body (which in twenty-four hours amounts to two or three 
pounds!) is not permitted to escape from the apartment, it must become 
foetid — repugnant, sickening, and injurious to the health. The nose is 
a sentinel, and often warns its owner of approaching danger! 

To destroy the smell is not to destroy the danger; certainly not! 
The right way is to remove the cause, and the efifect will cease. Flush- 
ing a sewer is far more efficacious than disinfecting one. Soap and water, 
the scrubbing brush, sunshine and thorough ventilation, each and all 
are far more beneficial than either permanganate of potash, chloride of 
zinc, or chloride of lime. People in these times think too much of dis- 
infectants, and too little of removal of causes; they think too much of 
artificial, and too little of natural means. 

DRINKING WATER 

Look well to the purity of the well water, and ascertain that no drain 
either enters, percolates, or contaminates it in any way whatever. If it 
should do so, disease, such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, diphtheria. 



no 



PREGNANCY 



scaHet fever or gastric fever will, as a matter of course ensue If t h.r. 
>s the shghtest danger or risk of drain contaminatiol v ^never U 

luiiy rectified. When it is impracticable to have the drain taken ud and 
examined, then always boil the water before using. ^ 



:iMf 




-\ 



; CHAPTER XI 

DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCT 

'Y ™ Creator never intended that pregnancy should be a source of 

A WORD TO HUSBANDS 

.n,J°^'°"' '',""""''■'■ ' '"'■■ '■"'"^' "P°" "» '"""i'"''' inconveniences and 
annoyances ,ha, your wife nn.s, labor under while VKsnjrTh'u 

wh,ch you gave her before .be al.ar-double i, now. TC kof .he uto 

patern,.y I, doublnig your a..en.ions, in an.icipating her desires in 
cainn,,g her fear,,, in soo.hing her irrita.ions, von do o "t. dVv 
houg , „ should also be y„„r higbe.s. pleasure. Do i. cheerful ye,' 
your d«™,on spring from a manly bear., from .he hear, of a "ue hus 
band. What was a molehill .o vo.rr wife before „„=, k 
now. Smoo.h her rugged pa.b. sha ,e „ T^l'.^T"'"''" 

me„.al agi,a„^„. encourage her, inspire h. wUh p Td^tr.: 
me comes .ha, she lies pros.ra.ed. her face beaming wi.h h ppines 
a. .be sound of her brs.-born. .bank God .ha, you have been kind ''her! 

MENTAL WORRIES 

Such are undefined fear of pending evil, anxie.y abou, ,he fu.ure 
and fear of dymg. forebodings and gloom, even .o despair, of.en o'"^^^ 
her. These d,s.urbances, al.bougb .bey may have no cal.se, are serbu 

III 



112 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY 



in the extreme. It is important to a mother's well being, and to a happy 
termmation of her pregnancy, that these illusions should be conquered 
Serious consequences have been produced by an over-wrought imagina- 
tion This dark phantom that hangs over the reason of the sick one should 
be chased away. This must be done without an effort or apparent purpose 
else the object may be defeated by making her aware that care and kind- 
ness are induced by solicitude. Bring home a good book, a .avorite fruit, 
or a mutual friend, with whom you may enter into an innocent conspiracy 
for her good. Invite her to take a walk, and then do not rush her through 
an unfeeling crowd, but walk leisurely in a favorite place, call her atten- 
tion to objects of interest, and even to trifles that may have amused her 
before. 

Have some congenial friends zt home, a bit of music, or any sort of 
innocent game and moderate gaiety, a little surprise party of dropping- 
in triends-some genial, happy faces. If it is necessary, an innocent plot 
with your friends may be formed to get her out some evening to a social 
meeting, a lecture, a concert, or a lively, pleasing drama. If the rooms 
or halls are too hot or crowded, you may show solicitude enough to take 
her home. Cheerful fireside, unstinted sacrifices, loving sympathy, will 
rob the mind of many a dark shadow. Change of scene, short, easy 
journeys to favorite cities or spots, is a source of pleasant and healthy 
excitement that will invigorate body and mind. Be never weary, and 
success and happiness will crown your noble efforts. 

MUSCULAR PAINS OF THE ABDOMEN 

The best remedy is an abdominal belt, constructed for pregnancy, and 
adjusted to f^t the abdomen. It is made with straps and buckles to accom- 
modate the gradually increasing size of the abdomen. This plan often 
affords great comfort and relief; indeed, in some severe cases, such bells 
are indispensable. 

DIARRHCEA 

Although the bowels in pregnancy are generally costive, they are 
sometimes in an opposite state, and are relaxed. This relaxation is 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY ,,3 

frequently due to continual constipation, and nature is trying Xu relieve 
Itself by purging. Such being the case, the patient ough't to be careful 
Of astnn^cnts as they interfere with relaxation. Sometimes nature 
succeeds: at other times it is advisable to give a mild aperient, such as 
ohve od tmcture of rhubarb, or rhubarb and magnesia. If olive oil a 
teaspoonful swimming on a little new milk, will generally answer the 
purpose. If tincture of rhubarb, a tablespoonful in two of water. 

The diet should be simple, plain and nourishing and should consist of 
beef tea, of chicken broth, of arrowroot, and of well-made and well-boiled 
oatmeal gruel. Meat ought not to be eaten; and stimulants of all kinds 
must be avoided. 

If the diarrhoea is attended with pain in the bowels, a flannel bag filled 
with hot table salt, and applied to the part affected, will afford great relief 
A hot water bag. in a case of this kind, is a great comfort. The patient 
should as soon as the diarrhoea has disappeared, gra.lua'ly return to her 
usua diet, which ought to be plam. wholesome and nourishing. She 
should pay particular attention to keeping her feet warm and dry; and if 
subject to diarrhoea, she should wear around her bowels, and next the 
skm, a broad flannel band. 

SLEEPLESSNESS 

Pregnant women of nervous tempe: -n-nt are often kept awake night 
after night without apparent cause. This is produced by the slighest 
mental excitement, or by the motions of the child; again by eating or 
indulging in a cup of tea or coffee before retiring. 

Close confinement to one's room and want of exercise may also be the 
cause. This may be borne without inconvenience, in case the patient gets 
some few hours of sleep, and awakes refreshed in the morning But in 
some instances the patient suffers severely; does not si.ep a minute- 
becomes feverish, restless and agitated; she loses her appetite, and becomes 
weak and prostrated, her mind begins to suffer, and she becomes fretful, 
whimsical, and even irrational. 

The treatment consists in sleeping in a well-ventilated apartment, on 



114 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY 



a l.air mattress, taking care that the bed is not overloar'.^d u. h clothes- 
a thorough bath every morning, and a good washing with cold water of 
tace. neck, chest, arms and hands every night: shunning hot and close 
rooms; taking plenty of outdoor exercise; living on a bland, nourishing, 
but not rich d.et; avoiding meat suppers, and substituting, in lieu thereof, 
either a cupful of arrowroot, made with milk, or of well-boiled oatmeal 
gruel; avoiding stimulant, of all kinds; drinking morning and evening 
cocoa, mstead of tea or coflfee. 

An attack of the fidgets during the night may be relieved by taking a 
short walk up and down the room; drinking half a glass of cold water- 
emptymg the bladder and turning the pillow, so as t have the cold side' 
next the head, and then lie down again. The chances are that the patient 
wdl now fall asleep. 

During the day a ride in an open carriage; a stroll in the garden, or 
m the field; or a little housewifery, will do her good. There is nothing 
Jike fresh air, exercise, and occupation, to drive away the fidgets It is 
generally those that have nothing to do who are thus aflFected. The poor 
woman who has to work for her daily bread does not know what the 
fidgets meaii. Here again we see the value of occupa:ion^f having 
plenty to do! Idleness is criminal, and deserves punishment. It assuredly 
is, and always will be punished ! 

HEARTBURN AND WATER-BRASH 

are common and often distressing symptoms of pregnancy The acid 
producing these is frequently much increased by an overloaded stomach 
The patient labors under the mistaken notion that, as she has two to 
• sustain, she requires more food during this than any other time- she 
consequently is induced to cake more than her appetite demands,' and 
more than her stomach can digest; hence heartburn, indigestion etc 
are caused, and her unborn babe, as well as herself, is thereby weakened' 
For remedy, see "Diseases of Women and Children." 

A wholesome diet ought to be strictly observed. Great attention 
should be paid to the quality of the food; greens, pastry, hot-buttered 




tni 
Ma 



-MARV, THE MOTHER UF JFSUS 

"But Mary kept all t,u-s. t,u,„s, an, ,or.,ard tlu;., „, /,.. /....,■■ ,„,, „■ ,^_ 

iry. .he knows Ik belongs at'', ,o hum' , it ' '"'■^'' •"''"'"' ';V"''"'< ^^ was 

' •'■ Ciunsaulus. 




EXERCISES I\ PHYSICAL CULTURE. 

Aim at perfection in 

■'come much nearer to it Vhan""ih«se whTKlve 



thev w.,;;- aim- Vti;:" ^nd ;!;:?^Ve^/;i ■[; t;;;e"ir J ':i:i?ii' l' -^V-nable. However. 



ft up as unattainable. 



Chesterfield. 



\i 



DiscoMroHis or /Vvv- (;.v. /at>- 

'rrinr::;!,;:;''"- """ '"" " •"- '^ ^^'" ■•-" «-- > k> Z 

GAS I.V THK STOMACH A\I> HOWFI S 

case to ^rivc medicines v.i„.„ • ■ /-"^^'^''-nt. It i.^ folly n cither 
proper r..,,,.,,, " , ^ : •';,;;': ""^ " "7 -- ■» •'■'■ .V ri«l„ ,„„. 

wouM ra,hcr ,ako a piU-i, is less .r,,ul, 1 ,:.:'' "^ '',",' ""• "^^ 
prefer a hearlv meat supner lo <>,,.« . i , ''' ""'>■ '™"''l 

- -.V .«« so„,e pZ :'■;:: :t:":;f. 'rr ''""• "•"• 

.-.e cr,,„, evils o, .l,e .a. Ke,„e.,; Z^Z:^TZZ^'- """ 

PILES 
are a common attendant upon nrccmncv Ti,« 

<lar..re,l ."n,ors-e„lar,e,rvei:s-!:: ,„7 ^-r: '^ -<'■ '"""f. 
cherry— sometimes as large as a « iln„f^o„ i ™" "^ "' " 

the f„„,lament. Thev are a..!? '" ""'" "'""" "' »^«>"<i 

internal or external „lesTl,'rT " "'"' """"'""■ ""-' -'I'or 

-.er, 1.00,1 m^;?::r„ ei;i;;^r ;::r:';;!,- "-"-• » -"^ 

"n.e the patient has a stool. For this reas .n'.I ™"" •■'™'' "'">' 

quick as possil.lc in relievintr the L , , J ""'"" •"«'" "> ''^ as 
one moment longer .hr.'^LtjT'- "" '"'""' "°' ^' ^"^h '™« ^i< 

'an,r:::;;:r:-i---~;™-»„^ 

it ■"- no, scratch the 1 o « th", he T"" ' '^''"^ ""' '" "^''^ "'« 

'O ^ w'; ; „ ^; ,™' Pf'"'. '^^>- o..«M. hv m'eans of a sponge 
three „mes a day. and for half an hour each time, ih 



lit 



DISCO. yf FORTS OP PREGSANCY 



hot camomile and poppyhcad tea. Take four poppyhcads and four 
ounces of camomile blowa, and boil them in four pints of water for half 
an hour, to make the fomentation, which should then be strained, and 
made quite hot in a saucepan when required. 

Every time after and before the patient has a motion, it is well to 
anomt the piles and the fundament with witch hazel. 

The bowels ought to be kept gently and regularly opened. 

An electuary, composed of chopped figs, raisins, and senna, in a case 
of piles, IS another admirable remedy for opening the bowels. 

the ™L;„ir/:J TidtiL.''^ "" '^ " ""■"'•• °' '^•' *° '^ "'" '""" -» '" 

Magnesia and milk of sulphur is an excellent remedy for the piles: 

Carbonate of Magnesia,) 

Milk of Sulphur. J °^ '"'' *'''« *•>■"""• 

in ha'ii'^Tupfuroftnr'""'- ^"'" °"' ""^ '^"^ °' '^''^ °^^" --•"«• -«'J 

Remember, in these cases, it is necessary to keep the motions in a soft- 
ened state, as hard lumps of stool would, in passing, give intense pain. 

In piles, if they are not much inflamed, and there is constipation, a pint 
of tepid water, administered c -ly every morning as an enema, will be 
found serviceable. Care and gentleness ought to be observed in intro- 
ducing the enema-pipe, in order not to press unduly on the surrounding 
piles. ^ 

The patient ought to lie down frequently in the day. She will derive 
gwat comfort from sitting on an air-cushion placed on the chair 

In piles, the patient ought to live on a plain, nourishing, simple diet, 
but should avoid all stimulants; any food or beverage that will inflame 
the blood will likewise inflame he piles. 

Piles in pregnancy are frequently troublesome, and sometimes resist 
all treatment until the patient is confined, when th^y generally get well 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY ,,5 

of thems^lvc. but still the remedies recommended above will even if thev 
tlo not effect a cure, usually afford Rreat relief. ^ 

SWOLLEN LEGS (VARICOSE VEINS) 

n«. .0 .h. skin. ,„,, ,„. .U,„c';,„cki' o r h ZZ ' """ ''^""'' 
can then, from time lo .im. I,, wall,,,, t? ' *'''"'" """'""S 

ing a flan„„ or ga-zc ban.lage i, very goo!^ ' """''^'''" """'• 

plaster., and then rolled. ^ """' '""'"?"' '" '»"<" 

STRtTCHHG OF THE SKIN OF THE ABDOMEN 

ne«7.rir^d; 'ri!r '"r7' ""'-"''■ '"" "" -«• 
J.rrx\"jtr d^ r;a:r^^^^ -- - 

-on,j^g, „,H e,„al par., of .i^^Vlra ^ * riririi"' 
together, spread on lint. ' ^" '"'^^^ 

sevelr;7o"r,rso"i':r '""^ " """ "■-" ""--""^ '^^^^ -«- 

venience mo™ abou.Tht' """"'• "'1'°"' '''^'-"""S g"-< incon- 
had a large Zi,; of 01,11^:: '" "" ''' " ^'°"'' "" »''- »"= "« 

.he abdomen, become a suppot ' "'"■°"' '""" P"^™^ ^ 



*. 



120 



DiSCOMiORTS OF PREGNANCY 



TOOTHACHE 
is a frequent complaint of pregnancy, and yet I wish to caution my reader 
agamst having a tooth extracted while pregnant. Miscarriage or prema- 
ture labor has frequently followed the extraction of a tooth It is neces- 
sary that this advice should be borne in mind, as the pain is sometimes so 
excruc.atmg as to cause the sufiferer to seek, at all hazards, speedy relief 
by extraction. 

If the tooth is decayed, the hollow ought to be filled with absorbent 
cotton, soaked either in oil of cloves, or in equal parts of oil of cloves and 
o chloroform, and be frequently renewed. Another excellent remedy is 
a httle alum dissolved in chloroform: Ten grains of powdered alum to half 
an ounce of chloroform. Another excellent remedy is the hot water bag 
or hot b.rch. A bit of cotton placed in the ear of the affected side win 
otentmies relieve the toothache arising from a decayed tooth. This sim- 
ple remedy ought always to be tried before resorting to more active treat- 
ment. If the above remedies do not relieve, soak a small ball of cotton in 
chloroform, and insert in the ear. and let it remain until the pain is 
reheved; let it be renewed from time to time. I have frequently found 
the above plan in toothache most efficacious, and to afford relief when 
other means have failed. 

Creasote (spirits of tar) is sometimes applied, but of all remedies it is 
the worst for the purpose. I have known it, when thus used, to severely 
mjure and decay the whole of the remaining teeth. 

MORNING SICKNESS 
It is sai,l to be "morning." as in these cases, unless the stomach is dis- 
ordered, It seldom occurs during any other part of the day. Morning 
sickness may be distinguished from the sickness of a disordered stomach 
by ihe former occurring only early in the morning, on the first sitting 
up m bed, the patient, during the remainder of the day, feeling quite free 
rom sickness, and generally being able to eat and relish her food, as 
though nothmg ailed her. 

Morning sickness begins early in the morning, with a sensation of 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY 



121 

nausea, and as soon as she rises from l,e,l she feels sick and retches- ind 

.ems of"" ' ';'! '" """ """">• ^' -PP" "« "isht before, ,he con- 
tents of the s omaeh are ejected. She then feels all right acain an,l is 
usnally ready for her breakfast, .hid, she eats with her „lal el ' ,1 

7z I-::: "'" ^""""^ " « -'''^""-•>- "-• - -> o"-' penou 

The sickness of a disordered stomach unaccompanied with precntncv 
may be d.st,nguished from morning sickness by the forn.er cc^^ti i g 

pas ed, by a disagreeable taste in the mouth, and by the tongue being 
generally coated. In such cases there is „.,ually ntuch flatule,! T« 
pattern not only feels, but looks, bilious. 

If the .stomach is disonlered .luring pregnancy, there will be a com- 
pltcatton of the syn,pto„,s. and the tnorning sickness „,av beco.ne 3, 
day nd n,ght stckness. Proper means should the,, be cnployed to rect" y 
he dtsordered stomach, and the patient will soon have „ ly the n,,^ ,g 
s,ckness to conten.l against; which latter, after she has „uickeu d w n 
generally leave of its own accord. imckeneu. will 

A good way to relieve it is by taking, before rising in the morning a 
cup of hot water. If this should not have the .lesire.f effect. tZ tike a 
lump of magnesia the size of a hickcrv nuf. 

Sometimes one had best drink pi;ntif„lly of hot water 

The monung sickness, cluring the early months, is caused bv svn, 

can^« 1 ° '^'^" ''"' "' "'^ >™""' "K"'"^' 'l>e ='on,acl,. ,\s we 

he ,cl rTh : 7T""' ="" '"= ''''^""- - -"- "'->-^ reliev 
The ho "'^ P^'"^"' - sometimes obliged to hear with the annoyance ' 

The bowels ought to be kept well regulated 

<,uan°tiratr-"°", *°"'" '" ""'" '" "" '""^ " '"""'" '- -'"a.e in 

— to be allowed. If an^thi^;: t ^r r-r^.re ir.,:,.:::^ 



123 



DlSCOMrORTS OF PKEGX.iXCV 



better than either a teacupful of nicely made and well-boiled oatmeal gruel, 
or of arrowroot with plenty of fruit. Either of the above may be made 
with water, or with new milk, or with cream and water. 

It is an old saying, and I believe, as a rule, a true one, "that sick 
pregnancies are safe," more especially if the sickness leaves, which it gen- 
erally does, after quickening. The above remarks do not include obsti- 
nate, inveterate vomiting, occasionally occurring in the latter period of 
pregnancy, and which not only takes place in the morning, but during 
the whole of the day and of the night, and for weeks together, sometimes 
bringing a pati«nt to the brink of the grave. Such a case, fortun-'^ely, is 
extremely rare. Another old and generally true saying is, "that women 
who have sick pregnancies seldom miscarry." There is another consola- 
tion for those who sufTer from morning sickness, fror eartburn. and the 
numerous other discomforts of pregnancy, namely, they frequently have 
kinder labors, more lively children, and more comfortable recoveries than 
those who, at such times, do not suffer at all. Compensation here, as in 
almost everything else in this world, is found to prevail. 

TO HARDEN THE NIPPLES 

A mother sometimes suffers severely from sore nipples. Especially is 
this true with the first child. Such suffering may frequently be prevented, 
if for six weeks or two months before confinement, the nipples are bathed 
for five minutes every night and morning, either with merigold ointment 
nr with equal parts of brandy and water. A soft piece of fine old linen 
mull should be used for the purpose of bathing. All pressure ought to be 
taken from the nipples. If the stays unduly press them, either let them 
be enlarged or, better still, entirely removed. The nipples themselves 
ought to be covered w ith soft linen, as the friction of a flannel vest would 
be apt to irritate them. Let me recommend every pregnant woman, more 
especially in a first pregnancy, to adopt either one or the other of the 
above plans to harden the nipples. It may avert much misery, as sore 
nipples are painful and distressing. Prevention at all times is better than 
cure. 



DISCOMFORTS OF PRFGNANCY ,23 

The breasts are. at times, during pregnancy, much swollen and very 
pamful; and occasionally cause the patient great uneasiness. She fancies 
tliat she IS going to have either a tumor or a gathering of the hreast 
There need, m such cases, he no apprehension. The swelling and the pain 
are the consequence of pregnancy, and will, i„ due time, subside without 
any unpleasant result. The 
fact is, great changes are 
taking place in the breasts; 
they are developing and 
are i)reparing for the im- 
portant functions they will 
soon have to perform. 

Treatment. — Every 
night and morning rub 
them well with equal parts 

of eau de Cologne and of 

olive oil, and wear a piece 

of new flannel over them, 

taking care to cover the 

nipples with soft li-:-!. The 

liniment encourages a lit- 
tle milky fluid to ooze out 

of the nipple, which afifords 

relief. 




MAMMARY GLAND. 



IRRITABILITY OF THE 
BLADDER 



a. nipple, the central portion of which is retracted- 
b, are.>Ia; c. c, c. c, c. lobules of the gland; i, sinus or 

The patient during preg- " ' '' ^"'"""'" °' "" ""■'" '^"^'• 

nancy is liable to various affections of the bladder. There is some- 

nne, uhde n. a tlurd case, more especially toward the end of pregnancy 
^^r^Z ' - 'T^^^^'-^^ ^"^^^test bodily exertic!:, l^l: 
vvalkmg, stoopmg, eoughmg. sneezing, etc. cau,ses it to pass involuntarily; 



124 



DISCOMl'ORTS OF PREGNA\XY 



and even in some cases, where the patient is perfectly quiet, it passes with- 
out her having the power to prevent it. 

A shiggish state of the bladder is best remedied by gentle exercise, and 
by the patient attempting to make water at least every four hours. 

For the relief of the above trouble mix 6 drops of gelsemium in glass 
of water and take tablespoonful every hour. 

The bowels ought to be kept gently 
open and the patient should live on a 
mild, bland, nourishing diet. 

FAINTING 

A delicate wom.vi, in pregnancy is 
apt to feel faint, or does actually faint 
away. When we consider the enor- 
mous changes that take place during 
pregnancy, and the great pressure 
there is upon the nerves and the 
bloodvessels, it is not at all surprising 
that this is true. Fainting at such 
times is disagreeable, but not at all 
dangerous, unless the patient is sub- 
ject to heart disease. 
The first thing to be done in fainting, is to lay the patient flat on the 
bed with the head even or lower than the rest of the body. The stays and 
any tight articles of dress ought to be loosened; the windows should be 
thrown wide open; water ought to be sprinkled on her face; aqua ammo- 
nia held to the nostrils, or a glass of wine can with good effect be admin- 
istered. The attendants should not crowd around her, as she ought to 
have plenty of fresh air. 

She must, in the intervals, live on good, light, generous diet, keep 
early hours, and sleep in a well-ventilated apartment. The following 
strengthening tonic wiu be found serviceable. 




THE BLADDER. 



DISCOMFORTS OF PRFGNANCY 



1^5 



Tinct. of Peruvian Bark 

Tinct. of Nux Vomica 

Mix in full glass of water. 
Continue ten days. 



6 to 10 drops. 

■ ■■ 2 drops. 

Dose, two tca.spoonfuls three times a day. 



PALPIT.VTION OF THE HEART 
A nervous patient during this period is subject to palpitation of the 
heart. This palpitation, provided it occur only during pregnancy, is not 
dangerous, and need not cause alarm. It is occasioned by the pressure of 
the womb upon the large bloodvessels, which induces a temporary de- 
rangement of the heart's action. This palpitation is generally worse at 
night, when the patient is lying down. When lying down, the midriff, 
because of the increased size of the abdomen, is pressed upward, and for 
this reason the heart has not its accustomed room in which to work, and 
palpitation is the result. 

A small towel wrung out in very hot water u _ .ed over the heart 
and over this a dry towel will afYord immediate relief! ^f the feet are cold 
a hot water bag will prove helpful. 

CRAMPS 
Cramps of the legs and thighs are apt to attend pregnancv. especially 
at night and during the latter months; they are caused by pressure of the 
womb upon the nerves which extend to the lower extremities. Treat- 
ment.-Tightly tie a folded handkerchief round the limb a little above 
the part affected, and let it remain for a few minutes. Friction by means 
of the hand is most excellent; so also is a few drops of gelsemium rubbed 
upon the afflicted part. Cramps sometimes attack 'either the bowels or 
the back of a pregnant woman; when such is the case, let a bag of hot 
salt, or a hot water bottle, be applied over the part affected; and let a 
bottle of hot water or a hot brick, encased in flannel, be placed to the 
soles of the feet. If crar.ps of the bowels, the back, or the thighs are 
very severe, the following mixture will be serviceable: 

LEUCORRHCEA OR WHITES 
The Whites, especially during the latter months, and particularly if the 
patient has borne many children, are troublesome, and are. in a measure. 



126 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGNANCY 



owmg to the pressure uf the womb on the parts below, causing irritation. 
Ihe best way to obviate such pressure is for the patient to He clown a 
great part of each day. She ought to retire early, sleep on a hair mat- 
tress, and m a well ventilated apartment. A thick, heavy quilt at these 
times, and mdeed at all times, is particularly objectionable; the perspira-' 
t.on cannot pass readily through it as through blankets, or eider down 
comfortables. The bowels ought to be gently opened. 
^ The best application is to bathe the parts with a teaspoonful of pow- 
oered borax m a quart of warm water. The internal parts ought, nifrht 
and mornmg. to be syringed with it. 

Cleanliness, in these cases, cannot be too strongly urged Indeed 
every woman, either married or single, ought, unless special circumstances 
forbid, to use a douche of warm water at least once a week. 

IRRITATION AND ITCHING OF THE EXTERNAL PARTS 

This is a most troublesome affection, and may occur at any time but 
more especially during the latter period of pregnancy. It is a subject 
upon which a woman is too delicate and too sensitive to consult a physi- 
can and the misery it entails, if not relieved, is almost past endurance 

In the first place, the diet should be simple and nourishing: avoiding 
stimulants of all kinds. In the next place, use a tepid salt and water 
sitz bath. Put a large handful of table salt into the sitz-bath. then add 
cold water to the depth of three or four inches, and sufficient hot water to 
make the water tepid or lukewarm. One should sit in the bath only a 
few seconds. People generally derive great comfort and benefit from 
these salt and water sitz-baths. It is an important item of treatment. 
If the Itching continues, the following lotion ought to be used: 

THRUSH 

The external parts, and the passage to the womb (the vagina) are 
not only irntable and itching, but are sometimes hot and inflamed, and 



DISCOMVORTS 01- PRECSASCY 



137 



are covered cither with .sn\i!l pimples, or with a whitish exudation of the 
nature of aphtha (thrush), somewliat similar to the thrush on the mouth 
of an infant. For an injection use powdered Ijoracic acid, one teaspoonful 
to a .juart of hot water. Or the following may he used as an injection: 

Dried white oak bark, one-half pound; 
Water. si.x quarts; 

Boil down to one gallon and strain. Reduce one-half with hot water, and use with 
tountaiR syringe. 

FALSE LABOR PAINS 

False labor pains, especially in a first pregnancy, are sometimes trouble- 
some. These pains usually come on at night, and are frequently owMig 
to a disordered stomach. They affect the abdomen, the back and le 
loins; and occasionally they e.xtend down the hips and the thighs. They 
attack f^rst one place and then another; they come on at irregular inter- 
vals; at one time they are violent, at another they arc feeble. The pains, 
instead of being grinding or bearing down, are more of a colicky nature. 

As these false pains more frequently occur in a first pregnancy, and 
as they are often more violent two or three weeks toward the completion 
of the full time, and as they usually come on either at night or in the 
night, it behooves one to be cognizant of the fact, in order that they may 
not make a false alarm, and summon the doctor before he is really wanted, 
and when he cannot be of the slightest benefit to the patient. 

It is sometimes stated that a woman has been in labor two- or three 
weeks before the child was born! Such is not the fact. The case in 
question is one probably of false pains ending in true pains. 

How, then, is the patient to know that the pains are false and not true 
labor pains? False labor pains come on three or four weeks before the full 
time; true labor pains at the completion of the full time; false pains are 
unattended with "show;" true pains generally commence the labor with 
"show;" false pains are generally migratory— changing from place to 
plac^-f^rst attacking the loins, then the hips, then the lower portions, and 
even other portions of the abdomen— f^rst one part, then another; true 
pains generally begin in the back; false pains commence as spasmodic 



128 



DISCOMFORTS OF FRFGNAXCV 



1 i 



pains; true pains as grinding pains; false pains come on at uncertain 
periods, at one time a quarter of an hour elapsing, at others, an hour or 
two hours between each pai,>-at one time the pain is sharp, at another 
tnflmg; true pams come on with tolerable reg.-iarity. and gradually in' 
crease m severity. 

But remember-the most valuable distinguishing symptom is the ab- 
sence of show in false labor pains, and the presence of it i,i true labor pains 
. It m.ght be said that show does not always usher in the commencement of 
labor. Granted; but such cases are exceedingly rare, and may be con- 
sidered as the exception and not the rule. 

The patient ought to abstain for a .lay or two from all stimulants 
Either hot salt, in a flannel bag. or a hot water bottle applied every night 
at bedtime to the abdomen, frequently affords great relief. 

Tinct. of Hclonine 

One fnll glass of water. Dose, two teaspoon'fuli every hour; " This is higWy 
beneficial whether the labor pains are true or false. 

PERIOD OF CESTATION 

is usually two hundred and eighty days-forty weeks-ten lunar or nine 
calendar months. It will be well to commence the estimate about three 
days after the last day of menstruation. 

A good plan is as follows: Let forty weeks and a few days, from the 
time specified above, be marked on a calendar, and the date will seldom 
be far from correct. Suppose, for instance, the last day of menstruation 
was on January the 15th, the patient may expect to be confined on or 
about October the 25th. 

I may in passing, just point out the great importance of a wife making 
every time, a note of the last day of her periods; by doing so it may save 
her a great deal of inconvenience, uncertainty, and anxiety. 

WHEN WILL CONFINEMENT TAKE PLACE 

The following table, showing the Drobable commencement, duration 
and completion of pregnancy, and inc Hng the date on or about which 
day the labor might occur, will, I trust, be found very useful. This table 



• •I 



DISCOilt-OKTS or I'KliUSASCV , 

allows ,l,rcc ,lay-, nv.r ,l,c .-So .i,-,ys-,„aki,„. ..«, „.,,,: „,,„ i, „„ coun, 

^a^^„'n,r'""',""■""^"'"' ""• ' ••■"" '"'• '■■'^' ''»>■ •■' ■-"»• 'iu, Th 

reason 1 have chosen the third d-iv i .i,.>» . .• ■ • » nc 

♦oL I , -^ '"'• "'■'^ concei)tion is more likelv tn 



A PRKGN.WCY TABLF. 



Last day nf the 

Periods. 
Jan. I 

2 

" 3 

" 4 

" 5 

" 6 

" 7 

" 8 

9 

" 10 

" II 

" 12 

" 13 

" 14 

" 15 

" i6 

" 17 

" i8 

" 19 

" 20 

" 21 

" 22 

" 23 

•* 24 

" 25 

" 26 

" 27 

" 28 

" 29 

" 30 

'■ 31 

Feb. I 

2 

" 3 ." 



I-abor 
(3n i)r about. 
Oct. 11 

" 12 



.Xr 



13 
14 

>S 
If) 

•7 
i8 

19 

20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 

29 
30 

31 j 
I 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 ! 
10 ! 

" I 

12 j 

13 1 



I-a>t (lav of the 

Period, 
Feb. 



4- 

5- 
6. 

7. 
8. 

9 

10. 

ir. 

12. . 

13.. 

14.. 

'5.. 

16.. 

17.. 

18.. 

19.. 

20. . 

21. . 



Mar. 



23- 

24 

25- 

26. 

27- 

28. 
I. 
2. 
3- 

4- 

5- . 
6., 

7.. 
8.. 
9.. 



Labor 
On or about. 
Nov. 14 

" IS 

" 16 

" 17 

" 18 

" 19 

" 20 

" 21 

" 22 

•' 23 

" 24 

" as 

" 26 

" 27 

•' 28 

" *9 

30 
I 

2 

3 
4 

S 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
IS 
16 

17 



.Dec. 



I.ast (lay of tlic 
IVnod.s. 



DISCOMFORTS OP PRF.GX.tS'CV 



• •" I 

" M 


■■ i2 


" M 


" 14 


" 15 


" It) 


" 17 


" iH 


" 10 


" 20 


'• 21 


" 22 


" 2J 


" 24 


In 


25 


•' 26 


" 27.... 


"28 


" 29 


" JO 


" 31 


,, 


April I " 


2 


it 


" 3 


11 


" 4 


" S 


It 


" 6 


" 7 


" 8 


" 9 


" 10 


" 11 


" 12 


,, 


" 13 


" 14 


" 15 


" 16 


" 17 


" i« 


" 19.... 


" 20 


" 21 


" 22 



I.ahor 
On or abdut. 
"cc. 18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
33 
M 
25 
26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 

I. I 

2 

3 

4 

S 

6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
"3 
14 
IS 
16 

17 
18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 

_>s 
29 
30 



May 



June 



F.asf (lay nf the 
F'cnods. 

April 2i 

'■ ■'4 

■■ 25 

•• 26 

" 37 

•' 28 

" 29 

30 

I 

2 

3 

4 

S 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

II 

12 

13 

14 

IS 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

2S 

26 

27 

j8 

29 

30 

4' 

I 

2 

3 

4 

5 



I.ahnr 
On or about 

Jan 

Feb. 



.Ma 



.11 
I 

2 

3 
4 

5 
6 

7 
8 
9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
'4 
IS 
16 

17 
18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
33 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 
I 
2 
3 
4 
S 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
15 



D/scoMroRTs or I'RF.ax.rwy 



l.aM (lay <if tho 

Feri(j(Js. 
June 6 



».?t 



( 



July 



7- 
8. 

9 

10. 

It. 
IJ. 

l^ 

14.. 

15.. 

16.. 

17.. 

18.. 

19.. 
20. . 
21. . 
22.. 
23.. 
24... 

25... 
26... 
27... 
28... 
29... 
30. . 
I. .. 
2. .. 
3... 

4-.. 
5.... 
. 6..., 

7.... 

8.... 

9... 

10 

II. .. . 
12. . . . 
13.... 
I4-... 

IS 

16 

17 

18 

19- . .. 



t.abor 
On or about. 
Mar. ift 

" 17 

" 18 



■ Aj)ril 



19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 
28 

29 

30 

31 

I 

2 
3 
4 
S 
6 

7 



8 

9 
10 
11 
12 
13 

'4 
i.S 
16 
17 

18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 



Sept 



Last (lay of tlic 
iVriiMl^i, 

July JO 

21 


Labor 
On cr about 

April 2<) 

If 


22 


30 


■■ J3 


May 1 


■■ ■'4 


2 


'■ 25 


3 


■• 26 


4 


« 

•• 28 .'.'.' 


■ S 

" 6 


" 2() 


7 


" 30 


8 


■■ 31 


9 


^"K I 


10 


2 


II 


3 


12 


4 


13 


'■ 5 


14 


" 6 


'.=) 


■■ 7 


16 


•• 8 


17 


'■ 9 


18 


■ 10 


i9 


■ 11 


20 


' 12 


21 


■ 13 


22 


■ '4 

■ I.S 


23 

" 24 


• 16 

17 ." 

18 

19 


25 

" 26 

" 27 

•• 28 


20 

21 


29 

'■ 30 


22 


31 


23 

24 


Juno I 

" 2 


25 


3 


26 


4 


27 


.S 


28 


() 


29 

30 


7 

8 


31 

t. I 


9 

" 10 

" 11 



«3* 

La!tt day of the 
IVriods. 

Sept. 2 

•' 3 

" 4 

" 5 

" 6 

" 7 

" 8 

9 

'■ 10 

" II 

" IJ 

" 1.1 

•' 14 

*• 15 

•' i6 

" 17 

" i8 

" 19 

" 20 

" 21 

" 22 

" 2J 

" 24 

" 25 

" 26 

" 27 

" 28 

" 29 

" 30 

Oct. I 

2 

" 3 

" 4 

" 5 

" fi 

'■ 7 

•' 8 

" 9 

" 10 

" II 

" 12 

" 13 

" 14 

" IS 



UISCOMFORTS OP PKEGNASCY 



Labor 
On or about. 

June 12 

■■ 13 

14 

" 15 

•' i6 

" 17 

•• i8 

■■ 19 

" 20 

" 21 

" 22 

" 2^ 

■■ 24 

" 25 

" 26 

•' 27 

•• 28 

" 29 

30 



.July 



2 

3 
4 

5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
lo 
II 

12 

13 
14 
>S 
i6 

17 
i8 

19 

20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 



I.a<tt da^ of the 
Period*. 



Oct. |6. 

■ 17. 

•• 18. 

■' 19. 

■■ 20. . 

" 21.. 

" 22. . 

" 23.. 

" 24. 

■■ 25.. 

•' 26.. 

" 37 

•• 28. . 

•• 29.. 

■■ 30 . 

" 31.. 

N'ov. I . . 

2. . 

" 3- 
4- 
5-. 

■• 6.. 

■' 7-. 
" 8.. 

9.. 

" 10... 

" II.., 

" 12... 

" 13 .. 

•' 14... 

■' 15. • 

" 16... 

" 17... 

" 18... 

" 19... 

" 20... 

•' 21... 

" 22. . . 

" 23... 

" 24... 

■' 25... 

" 26.,. 

" 27... 

" 28,.. 



A"K. 



Labor 
On or about, 
July jt> 

" 27 

" 28 

29 

'■ 30 

M 
I 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
'5 
16 

17 

18 

19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 

25 

26 

27 
28 

29 
30 
31 

I 

2 

3 
4 

5 
6 

7 



.Sept. 




Hot and Cold Water Treatment for Health and Beautv 

"'■ ' ^""' '■'"■' '*•""■ Fi.. 4. C-„,,, W.t..r 15.,,,^:,.. 



fi^. I Spinr Ccimjirejs. 
FIl'. 5. Sit/ Bjtli 



rig. ^. Buivi-I (.unicri-,. 
•■''!■'■ 6. HiltB.ir!i. 



DISCOMFORTS OF PREGXAXCY 



Last day of the 
Periods. 

Nov. 2g 

" 30 

bcr I 



Labor 
On or alioiit. 

Sept. 8 

" 9 



3- 

4-. 
S-- 
6.. 

7-- 
8.. 

9-. 
10. . 
II. . 
12. . 

13- • 

14.. 

IS.. 



10 
1 1 
ij 
I,? 
14 
i.i 
If) 

'7 
18 

19 
_>o 
J I 

24 



I Last (lay of the 
IVnods. 
Dec. 16 

■■ 17 

'• 18 

" '9 

■' JO 

21 

'■ 22 

" -'3 

" -'4 

'■ 2=, 

• 26 

"' -7 

•• 28 

" -'9 

" 30 

" 31 



Labor 
On or about. 

Sept. 25 

" 26 



.Oet. 



-7 
2^ 

-'9 
30 
I 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 



This pregnancy table may. as a rule, be safely relied upon Many of 
my patients have fur years, from these estimates, been often confined on 
the very day specified. I say often as it is utterly impossible to fix upon tlie 
exact day-the approximate day can only be specified-some women 
being at their full time as early as the thirty-seventh week; while others 
although but very rarely, are not at their full time until the forty-fifth 
week— hence the uncertainty in some cases of such calculations 

A Nvoman may, by becoming pregnant while nursing, be put out of 
her reckoning. Xot being unwell at such a time, she consequently does 
not know how to count. She ought in this case to take the time of quick- 
ening as a starting point, from which time, count ahead one hundred and 
fifty-six days. It must be borne in mind, however, that so correct an 
esumate can never be made, quickening taking place at a date varying in 
Lfferen individuals. Occasionally a wrong estimate may be made. ou^n. 
to the fact that some women have a slight menstruation the first and 
even succeeding months after conception has taken place. These cases 

beVakeVT"'"; ".' T'"^ ''"^' '° '''''' *'" '^^^ "-"^^^ P^-^" should 
be taken, from which the estimate should be made. 



• CHAPTER XII 
PRE-NATAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURE 

To WHAT graiuler achievement can either woman or man aspire 
than to be an artist in that noblest of arts, the moulding and rearing 
of immortal beings? 

The mystery of that which we designate life will always remain a mys- 
tery, and yet there are connected with its development facts so indisputa- 
ble, so continually proven in the examples all about us, that they are 
worthy of more than the passing thought usually bestowed upon them. 
For various reasons this subject is avoided; sometimes by reason of 
ignorance of its importance; by some because of their indifiference, and 
by a still greater number because of improper teaching and false modesty. 

It should be handled delicately and tenderly, because of its sacredness. 
but it should be written of. talked about and taught. 

The faithfii' mother exercises the utmost care that her little one is 
protected from extreme teniperatures: that it is kept from exposure to 
infectious and contagious disease; that all possible safeguards are thrown 
about life and limb anfl she early begins mental and moral discipline. The 
signs of vicious temper, of cruelty to animals, or to it., playfellows, are 
met with gentle firnmess; the tendency to secretiveness and deceitfulness 
is discouraged, while by precept and example the child is guided aright. 

PERFECT CHILDREN POSSIBLE. 

Every mother has an ideal career for her offspring, and as the tastes 

and capacity of the child develop if they indicate capability in the desired 

direction, encouragement and aid in the way. perhaps, of toys, pictures 

and l)Ooks are afforded: if the childish inclinations seem contrary to the 

hopes and wishes of the parents, counteracting influences are brought into 

requisition. 

This is the beginning of what is termed excellent training or "bringing 

136 



PRE-NATAL IXrUl-XCE ASD CLLTURE 137 

up." and it may he followed witli necessary moditk-ati..iis until the child 
attani to maturity, and yet the man or woman hecmcs a lihertine or an 
outcast. The mother dies of a hroken heart, feeling. l-erhaps, that Provi- 
dence ,s unjust and unkind in its .leahng with her. hut not once question- 
ing the fact that her whole (hity has heen done. 

Under precisely the conditions I have mentioned I heard a mother 
complam of God and justify herself, saying, "l hc^an his moral training 
when he was a hahy. and as soon as he could walk and talk he was taught 
to pray." 

She could not realize that she had begun too late the process of mi.id 
and morals building. 

I wish I might impress all prospective mothers with a sense of the 
poss.bd.ties at their command. I do not believe that because .Adam and 
Eve abused their privileges, and were turne.l out of Eden, every child is 
born into the world desperately wicked. To err is human, ami althou-h I 
admit the susceptilnlity of the heart to temptati.m. I believe it as poss"iI,le 
for the prospective mother by the exercise of clean thoughts pure de- 
sires and right purposes to lay a foundation which will develop the same 
ni the nature forming under her tutorage, as bv the use of proper foods 
physical exercise and pure air to assure her offspring a strong healthy 
physupie. Science and culture have produced wonderful residts in the 
floral and horticultural world, and may be as flttinglv applied to the de- 
velopment and perfecting of the true as the beautiful. It is as possible for 
a child to come into the world possessed of the germs or honor sobrietv 
truth and uprightness, as with a beautiful face and well developed bodv' 
Even the edict that "The sins of the father shall be visited upon the 
children" may be robbed of its terrors, for inherent vice mav be overcome 
by especial care on the part of the mother in that direction.' 

HOW TO OVERCOME THE SI\S OF PARENTS 

_ The true artist has his ideal constantly in mind by day; he dreams of 
It at night, and it is his inspiration: but for which his work when complete 
would be meaningless, cold. How much more does she who is to give to 



138 



PRE-NATAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURE 



the world a life that shall make or mar the happiness of others, a soul that 
must be immortal, need the inspiration of an ideal, good and pure as well 
as beautiful! 

1 hat mothers-to-be should dwell in an atmosphere of tenderness and 
love has long been conceded; but the prevalent idea that they should be 
mdulged and thus encouraged in outbursts of temper, fits of jealousy, 
envy, covetousness, and other undesirable qualities which often assert 
themselves to an unusual degree under such conditions, is wrong. This 
IS the time of all times when such sentiments should ])e overcome. I have 
no doubt that the greater number of the world's professional thieves might 
truthfully assign their evil propensity to abnormal covetousness on the part 
of their mother before their birth, rather than to thieving ancestors ! I be- 
lieve, too, that were it possible to trace the worst cases of hopeless insanity 
to first causes they would be found in ungcverned rather than ungovern- 
able temper in the mother. 

There is no limit to the evil a mother may entail upon her unicorn 
child; while on the other hand it is impossible to picture the happy 
results her efforts may accomplish. 

That a mother may. during the period of gestation, exercise great 
influence, by her own mental and physical action, either unwittingly or 
purposely in such a way as to determine the traits and tendencies of her 
offspring, is now a common belief among all intelligent people. Few, 
however, have any definite understanding of the process by which such 
results are effected, or conception of the extent to which this process may 
I>e controlled. 

The assertion has been made that "it is for the mother, by the use of 
appropriate means to produce a poet, a thinker, an artist, an inventor, a 
philanthropist, or any other type of manhood or womanhood, desirable or 
undesirable, as she will." 

An author. Dr. Brittan, who has given much study to the occult prob- 
lems of human life, gives the following facts: 

"A woman, who, during the period of gestation, was chiefly employed 
in reading the poets and in giving form to her day-dreams of the ideal 



PRE-NATAL IXFLCEXCE AND CULTURE 139 

world, at the same time gave to her chil.l large ideaiitv, aiul a highly imaL- 
inative turn of mind." 

Some time since we met with a youth who had fmelv molded limhs 
and a symmetrical form throughout. His mother has a large lean atten- 
uated frame, that does not offer so much as a single suggestion of the 
beautiful. The hoy is doubtless indehte.l for his fme form to the presence 
o a beautiful French lithograph in his mother's sleeping apartment, and 
which presented for her contemplation the faultless form of a nake.I child. 

HOW TO I'KODUCK A POET OK A I'lIILAXTllROPIST 

A striking fact, in further illustration of the same law, is given l.y the 
author of a valuable book entitled "Husband and Wife." 

It is to this effect: A teacher in a western state had under her instruc- 
tion five children belonging to one familv. The two eldest were du'l 
inert, and slow to learn; while the third, a girl ab-.a twelve vears of a-^e' 
was remarkably bright, sensitive and talented. Not onlv apt and cpik-k 
at her lessons, she possessed a tine poetic temperament, accompanied by 
a keen appreciation of the beauties of nature: she coul.l also write a 
theme in prose or verse with ease and facility. 

The children younger than this one were'both phvsicallv and mentally 
superior to the two eldest, but far inferior to her in talent and refinement 
of manners. These differences were so marked that the teacher's curiosity 
was excited to learn the cause. 

Becoming intimately acquainted with the mother (who at first could 
assign no reason for the diversity), the teacher at length ascertained the 
following facts: Some months prior to the birth of the favored child the 
mother (who. though reared in an eastern state, in the enjoyment of fair 
advantages, ha<l become the wife of a farmer in a new countrv. deprived of 
literary and social privileges, and ovenvorked in the struggle to acquire a 
competence) had her attention attracted to a volume of Walter Scott's 
poems, brought to the house by a canvasser: and she was so seize.! with 
a desire to possess and read the book, that, not having at hand the monev 
to purchase it. she had walked four miles at night to borrow of a friend 



140 



PRE-NATAL IXPLL'EXCR AM) CULTLHI: 



a sufficient sum for the purpose. "And a glorious time I liad in reading 
it." she said: "for often in the perusal of its pages I forgot my fatigues and 
cares." Having read tiie l)ook so often that she came to know much of 
it \>y rote, she used to sing the songs to the ohild when ,an infant, and 
afterward to repeat the stories to her when a Httle girl. Here, no doubt, 
was the source of the superior intelhgence. refinement and poetic ten- 
dencies of the child. 

Kvery observant teacher could doubtless bear witness to the same gen- 
eral facts, and it would be easy to fill a volume with testimonies from vari- 
ous sources illustrative and confirmatory of the law under discussion. 
Such facts seem to estal)lish beyond question the conviction that the 
mother has it largely in her power, by the use of suitable means, to confer 
on her child such a tendency of mind aufl conformation of brain as shall 
not only facilitate the accpiisition of knowledge in any specific direction, 
but make it morallv certain that such knowledge will be sought and 
acquired. 

And if this is true in respect to ordinary intellectual abilities and phys- 
ical features, it nuist be ecpially true in regard to extraordinary mental gifts 
— the (|ualities of genius of every type — and of all moral dispositions and 
spiritual tendencies as well. 

But it will l)e noted that in the cases thus far narrated, the moulding 
power appears to have been exercised merely by accident or chance; that 
is. without any intelligent purpose on the part of mothers to produce the 
results that have followed. 



HOW TO MOLD THE UNBORN CHILD 

Can there be any doubt that the same or similar means, if purposely 
and wisely adopted, and applied with the greater care and precision which 
enlightened intention wotdd secure, would produce under the same law, 
even more perfect results, and is it not true that an intentional direction 
of the vital or mental forces to any particular portion of the brain will 
cause a development and activity in the corresponding portion of the 
brain in the oflfspring? 



rRi:-.\.n.iL iMUhxcn .ixn ciltlri: ,4, 

If wc accept the tlicry of ni.Mlern phren..l..-v. an.l re<,rar.l the hrain 
as made up of a coiiK^eiies ..f organs, uliich are the in>trunient> ..f -listinct 
facnhies of the niin.l or soul, it follows that if the inmher .luriuf; jrestalioii 
niaiutains a special activity of auy ouv orj^an. .,r ^roup of .,r-aus. iu her 
l)raiu. she therein- causes a more full .levelopuieut of tlie correspon.lin- 
organ or group in the hraiu of the f.etus. an-l thus -letermines a teu.iency 
to special activity of the faculties of whicli .uch organs are the iustru'- 
nients. in the child. Further, it is plain that if auv one ..rgan o^ faculty 
may he thus cultivated hefore hirth. and its activitv enhance.l for life, so 
may any other or all. 

POWF.R OF Mixn OVKR MATTI'R 

It then is clearly within the hounds of possibility that a mother, l.y 
pursumg a systematic and comprehensive method, uiav give a well- 
rounded and harmoniously .levelopcd organism to her child— and this, 
notwithstanding even her own defects. 

In this way may ancestral defects and undesirahle hereditarv traits, of 
whatever nature, or however strong, he f.vcrcome. .m" in a good degree 
counterbalanced by giving greater activity to counteraccing tendencies; 
and in this way, too. can the coveted gifts of genius be conferred. 

CULTURE BF.FORF, BIRTH 

And since it is on the activity, or the lack of it. of the several faculties 
and propensities of our nature that the characters of in.lividuals depend— 
their loveliness or deformity, their morality or immoralitv, their succe:;s 
or failure in life, their hai)piness (.r wretchedness here and' hereafter— and 
since the welfare and progress of humanity as a whole is determined by the 
characters of individuals— and since, again, the tendencies for good or evil 
inwoven into the very woof and texture of the embryo evidently have 
greater power in shaping the characters and acts of individuals than all 
the training and discipline of childhoo.l and youth— this matter of culture 
before birtV. assumes an imj.ortance far al,ove that which pertains to any 
and all other departments of education. 



'4-2 



PRE-X.ITJL JXJLLEXCE JXD CULTURE 



LIKK BJXiKTS I. IKK 

Every diic cati readily uiidci stand that any oft- oncatcd exercise of 
tmiscle or of mental faculty (unless over-done) t.-n-.s lo develop and 
strengthen such muscle or faculty. It does this in the tnotlier. and. if the 
law of fu.'tal mouliUng has been correctly stated in the foregcjing pages, it 
must have the same effect through the mother uihju tiie emhrvo. 

J' or exam])!e. if the nu)ther (at tlie proper stage in pregnancy) takes 
care to exercise her own muscles freely hy walking, light gynuiastics. hatli- 
ing. etc.. the probabilities are, other things being favorable, that she will 
thereby not only imjjrove her own health, but at the same time confer 
upon her child a \ igorous muscular system. If she, at the proper time, 
exercises her mind somewhat persistently, for example, in reckoning or 
calculating numbers, she will thereby increase her own arithmetical fac- 
ulty, and simultaneously increase the molecular deposits in that part of 
the fa-tal brain which is the organ of calculation, according to modern 
phrenology— at all events will be likely to confer upon her child the power 
to become a good arithmetician. 

If the mother spends any considerable portion of her time in philo- 
sophic study or thought, in efforts to understand the "whys and where- 
fores of things," she thereby exercises and expands her own cause-dis- 
cerning faculty (Causality), and insures its activity in her oflfspring. So, 
if she practices thoughtful and unseltish kindness toward those about her, 
and is benevolent to the needy and suffering, she enstamps the same noble 
trait (Benevolence) upon the unborn; and if she at all times firmly adheres 
to the right because it is right, she keeps her own conscience ever clear, 
and imparts to the coming one that priceless quality. Conscientiousness. 
So of all the other faculties. 



IMPARTING THE PARENTS' CHARACTERISTICS 

Wherr any one faculty or tendency is in excess of a well-balanced char- 
acter, in either of the parents, and deficient in the other, it may reason- 
ably be .'xpected that the excess on the one side may be counterbalanced 



PRE-X.tT.lL IM^U-HXCE JXD CLLTUKE ,43 

l>y the lack on the othcr-exc.pt uhen. ;. i. so.ncuno the case .ne 
iwent overwhelmingly ,>re.l..„,i„atc. ..vcr ,l,o otla-r ,„ u.^..run. the 
c ..actenst.cs of the ch,M-. ,...,t ...e. ,,crl,a,.. t. th. pLessL oi 
greater physical ..r mental vi^^or at the time of nuvp>,on 

\\ here the same facnltics or tendencies are n, excess in hoth parents, 
he prohalnlmes are that the excels will ). increa .1 in the o.Tsprin, t. 
the ex ent. perhaps, of oreatin.^ a deformity, or an undenrahle o.'c-side.I- 
ness of character. Jn such a case, the propriety of restraint, instead uf 
culture, would seem to he apparent. 

But it is suggested that such restraint may hest he sought in.lirectlv 
that ,s. hy special efforts to cultivate and exercise the opposite or counter- - 
ha anc,ng facult.es. rather than to atten,.t repression hy direct exercise of 
tie W.11 on the excess.ve tendency. For exan,ple. should the sellish pro- 
chv.ties or passions tend to inordinate activity, e.uler, or to cultivate and 
exerase more fully the faculties classed as Directive and Re,n,lativ;_ 
that .s the Reasoning powers, the Conscience and Benevolence This 
-.11 be levelmg u,, instea.l of <lown. thus making more of the whole man 
or woman hy enlarging the better side. 

Besides, it is prohable that f.xing the min<l upon anv particular faculty 
or propensity, m an effort to repress its action hy direct will-force. n,av 
tend, by sen.hng the vital fluids to the cerebral organ of such f.cultv to 
.ncrease rather than diminish its activity: whereas, the drawing of tliesc 
nuul. to other parts of the brain, hy increasing the activitv of the latter 
w,ll naturally lessen the action in those which it is desirable to repress' 
Th.s, doubtless, furnishes the reason why efforts to overcome inordinate 
appetites by force of will are so seldom successful. 

Where deficiencies exist in the same faculties in' both parents, of course 
there wdl l,e recjuired more assiduous attention to the means of culture 
by the mother. ,f she would have these deficiencies supplied, and her off- 
sprmg saved from the disabilities and misfortunes that are likely to result. 

KNOW THYSELF 
If the foregoing suggestions are at all in the right direction, it plainlv 
follows that It behooves all prospective parents, and especially mothers', 



144 



PRE-XATAL IMLUBXCE AND CULTURE 



who woukl confer upon their chilihcn hcaUhful and wcll-balanccd organ- 
isms, to first tliorou^hly know tlicinsclvcs. Xot only should they intel- 
hfjently understand their own respective physical conditions, as regar.ls 
lieaUhfuhiess. adaptation of t-enipcrainents. constiuitional tendencies, etc.. 
Init also tlu-y should have a just estimate of their own mental powers and 
moral characteristics in ail i)articulars. And since few |)ersons are com- 
petent to know themselves accurately in either of the above named 
respects, it is well to consult with iniellij,Hnt and judicious friends, or with 
competent professional advisers, if such can he found who are skilled in 
the detection of physical, mental and moral characteristics, and will faith- 
fully point out both defects and redundances. It may be true that there 
are few i)ersons how to be found in any (jf our communities who arc fully 
qualihcd to give needed advice in these momentous m.T?ters; but it is 
believed that as public attention shall be turned in this direction, and the 
want become felt, such advisers will appear. 

The specific measures which seem adapted to the several successive 
stag into which embryo culture may be divid'^d. in accordance with the 
suggestion already made regarding an orderly method of procedure. 

FIRST STACK OF PRE-NATAL CULTURE 

It seems scarcely to admit of question that the first thing to be done, 
in the order of time, is to secure to the new immortal the b..: 2 good 

physical organization, with strong vital powers. If the parents, and 
esi)ecially the mother, have given proper attention to their own personal 
preparation in all respects, as hereinbefore suggested, a good beginning 
will have been made. But the mother should endeavor by all means to 
maintain throughout the whole period of gestation the best possible con- 
dition of bodily health and vigor. Neither too much labor nor care, nor 
too little, should be undertaken. During the earlier months, while the 
foundations, so to speak, of the child's physical constitution are being 
laid, open air exercise, gymnastics, bathing, riding, travel, with the best 
diet, proper dress, cheerful compam'on'^hip — in short, everAthing that will 
contribute to the highest physical vigor— should be availed of as far as 



PRENATAL ISI'U'EXCn AXD CCLTURr 145 

practicable. At later staj^c.^ a ^Tcatcr aiiunint of rcp.tsc ati<l seclusion 
is naturally s<)iif,'lit, and travel ami the tuorc active forms of exercise can- 
not so well he |»articii)atc(l in. 

Durinjr the earlier stages of preK'nancy, as well as at all suh^cnniu 
periods, it is desiral.ie that the mother have at hand, for fr MiiHiit contem- 
plation, some of the I.est works of art. in statuary, or i.ictur.s. or l.otii. 
as models of the beautiful and jjraceftd in form, and of the aniiaMe and 
noble in expression. Perhaps some one a.lmircd ti>,Mire may he cho>en. 
to be copied by the mother's wonderful clectrotyitiuK' l>ouer in her living 
work of art; but care should be taken that it be one in which jroodness 
as well as physical beauty is bodied forth. 

In this is to be found one of the noblest uses of art: and there can be 
no doubt that the works of the Rreat masters have ha<l more effect than 
the world imagines in j)roducinfr and nudtiplyinjr f„rnis of beauty and 
manliness through impressions made on the minds of matrons. 

HOW THF. F.\Ci:S OF MADONX.AS .\RP: RKITiODLCFD 

It is said that travelers in Italy, that land of paintings and sculpture. 
are often struck with the frecjuency '1 which the lovely features of the 
Madonna are to be seen in the faces .,1 children of even the tmcultured 
peasantry. When it is remembered that almost every church and chapel 
in that country is provided with a representation of a \'irgin and Child, 
from the hand often of some master of the noble art. and that these pic- 
tures are regarded with devout reverence by the common people, it is 
easy to see whence come those beautiful faces of Italian children. 

The several specific instincts or propensities of the \'ital and Sel. 
Preservative group, included in our first class, arc. according to the i)hren- 
ological system, termed as follows: i. \'itativeness. or love and tenacity 
of life; 2, Alimentiveness. desire for and enjoyment of food; 3. Dcstruct- 
iveness, or executive i)ower. ability to overcome obstacles; 4, Combat- 
iveness. or self-defense ; 5. Actjuisitiveness. or disposition to own and accu- 
mulate; 6, Secretiveness. tact, ability to keep one's own counsel. 

This analysis and these definitions, let it be remarked, may be neither 



146 



rUE-SATAL IMLL'LXCE AXU CULTURE 



strictly accurate nor cxlumstivc, yet ilicy may answer practical purposes 
until licttcr can be furnished. And the same remarks apj.ly to ail the 
groupings and delinitiuns to be hereafter given. The phrenological 
analysis of instincts and faculties is used here, not because it is entirely 
satisfactory, but because it appears better adapted to tlie purpose in view 
than any other which meet with common understanding. 

It should be noted that none of the propensities above .si)ecified. when 
rightly defined, can be dispensed w ith in a fully rounded character. They 
are not evil in themselves, nor are their organs (if such exist) "bad organs." 
as some have supposed. It is their overplus, or over-action as compared 
with that of others, that is bad. .\ deti<-iency in any one of these ba.sic 
instincts of human nature constitutes in that particular a weak and defi- 
cient character. 

SIXO.VD SIAGE OF PRE-\.\T.\L CL'LTURIi 
Next in order after the vital instincts, and to some extent simultaneous 
with them, comes the development of the domestic and social atfections. 
or the loves. These precede, in a general way. the manifestations of intel- 
lect. That is. the child ordinarily loves before it reasons to any extent. It 
would seem appropriate, therefore, that the mother, before applying her- 
self to special exercises for intellectual culture, should see to it that any 
deficiencies that may exist in the affectional department are provided 
against, as far as may be. by appropriate self-training. If her own personal 
affections are kept in lively and well-balanced exercise, she may expect 
that her offspring will be well endowed in this department. 

The several divisions of the affectional group of facidties recognized by 
phrenologists are the followijig: i, Amativeness, or attachment to the 
opposite sex; 2, Conjugality, desire to pair, or love for the partner; 3. 
Parental Love (philoprogenitiveness), or love of children and pets;' 4. 
Adhesiveness (friendship), attachment to friends; 5. Inhabitiveness, love 
of home and country. 

THIRD STAGE OF PRE-N.\TAI. CULTURE 
Next in natural order of prominent activity, appear to come the observ- 
ing or perceptive powers, intimately associated with which are the com- 



P^^i-X.ITJL IMLULXCL .IXU CULIURL 



U7 



muntoativc a,,.! tlic rcunt.vc „i- r,. .-nl.n.^ faa,It,\-. Tl, 

r ':;:!: ;:'x:;:'::;t";;r ■ '■•'^ ^'^ "-•'--■ 

I M.ij.is. OUT UK'-, iiiciiiorv (,t (aixs etc- j v;,, .1 
P""" l„ „,„ia. a,,,! r.,„c.,„l,,r un-i.,,,-' , u ,. ,'„ ' ' ''° 

tluirr,.',n ""•■-""'■ '■' ■'''■"'■'li-ii."r|,m-,-|„„.„.,f„„„il„T,an,l 

;;-;,;:::;"■■ "■— ■.™'.;. . „. , .,,„>.,„;..,. ■„,„„;; 

;::,:::,;•: '^■"^■■' '"'■ "'• ^■^-"••" — '-•i".«. ^.n,,.. „. , ,..:: 

».WM, ,„a, ,„■„,,,„, c.„„„„nKv al„„„ ,1,. ,l„r,l „,„; a,„l i, ,, 

r ,K.a e ,„a, ,„,,a, a,,.,,, , ,., ,,„,„ ,., „„„^. „,„^,, ^^ ; 

i:;:';;::::.::'^''-''' '"'''-■''•'"■''-'""-"-■--'- "•''-,,„ „..';; 

Ai.ls in ,l,c- systcmnlio cllnro ..f ,l,csc facl.ic, ,„av ,lo„I,llo„ l,e 

: ■■'7'' '7';' ";'"'-■ '■'-"-->■ -^^ -." ..i.icc. ,c.u.i,i„g ,,./ ,1; 

^c ....I. an,l k,„,le,«a,„ „s^ TIk- ,ln>c„ o( .,.1, „,„,.,. „r t.erhaL T^r 
n..rc a,,se,u.o, „,a, l,c rca.l,,, „„,,„„, ,„ „,„„,,„„ ,„„,„^,^ ^ ^ 
o.K-e ,„„kTs,a„.l ,l,c ll,i„K ,„ l,e ,i„„,. a,„l i,s importance. 



FOCirril STAGIC OP P'RI;-.\AT,\L CITTL- 



RE 



Tl,c next ffro,,;, „f fa,.„|,i„. in „r,lor of norn.al ,le>clopn,on, in life 

en,l,race. „ a, have l.ocn ,ern,o,l „,o ..o„s,rn.,ive an,, ,,en„,ifw„, „" v ' 

on,e„„,e, „es,,„a,e., a. ,„e sc„,i.in.e„ec.„a, ,.o„p. These in phZl ;: 

■ca parlance are na,„e,l: ,. Cnn^.nK.ivcne^. nr inffen,„-,v (.1 e I,„il, I 

and n,eehan,ca, facnl.y); .,, Meal,,,, love „, ,,,, y^^^M^ and h,^ Z 




-'»!>•--- 



148 



PRE-NATAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURE 



poetical faculty); 3. Sublimity, sense of the grand and sublime; 4, Mirth- 
fulness, or love of pleasantry, wit. Under the same general division may 
be classed: 5, Imitation, or the power to copy, represent, mimic; and 6, 
Suavity, or agreeableness, blandness. 

Closely associated with this group are also the Reasoning and Reflect- 
ive, and the .Moral and Regulative faculties, all of which may be classed 
together as the Directive and Regulative group. These include what are 
phrenologically termed: i. Causality, or power to apprehend first prin- 
ciples, to trace causes, etc.; 2. Comparison, or power to analyze, classify, 
and generalize; 3, Human Nature, or sagacity in discernment of character; 
4. Cautiousness, or prudence; 5. Continuity, power of consecutiveness or 
application; 6, Approbativeness, regard for the good opinion of others, 
ambition; 7, Self-Esteem, or self-respect; 8, Conscientiousness, love of 
right and abhorrence of wrong; and 9, Firmness, or perseverance. 

Nothing need be said, to any intelligent reader, as to the importance 
of each and every one of these faculties, in due exercise, to the formation 
of a well balanced or perfect character; and the proper methods of their 
culture, respectively, are to some extent suggested by the names given 
them. 

Special exercises for the development in the foetus of the brain organs 
through which these faculties may manifest themselves, would seem to be 
in order after those adapted to the preceding group — say about from the 
fifth to the seventh month. 



FIFTH STAGE OF PRE-NATAL CULTURE 

In the last and highest group of human faculties — last and highest 
whether considered with reference to their value in human character, or 
the period at which they ordinarily arrive at maturity in the individual and 
in the race — we find what may be classed as the Humanitarian or Benefi- 
cent, the Religious or Worshipful, and the Aspirational, Spiritual, or 
Upward-Looking powers. These are designated as: i. Benevolence, 
philanthropy, or universal love; 2, Veneration, reverence or worship; 3. 
Hope, or cheerful expectancy; 4. Spirituality, aspiration, prescience, faith, 



PRE.NATM. ixrur.ycn .ixn cruvRn ,^ 

nlv r, T / ? ' ""''°™ '"""'' "'"■■ '""^■^ '^••'■•"esl effort, to sun. 

s e a ,' r" '• ""T"'"= "''"'' "^ ''""■ Tl« ..efini,io„s "rfo 
sev eral laculties as given above will sufrgcst tlie iiattire ..f ti,« • V 

which such culture may be attained ' '""'''-'^^ '^^ 

While the faculties of this group should unquestionablv be at all times 

-say (ron, .he seven,,, ,„ .„e „1 „,o,«l; iLt- l' "" '"''''"'' "=™" 
THINGS TO BE AVOIDED DURING PREGNANCY 

anxious, foreboding, painaniy-carefnl disposition, tl,„„ lui2 HZ 1 

«.th a cheerfnl delight, hecause its purpose is to confer hiessins, on an 
o ,ect of t e tenderest affection, and it should he tlone >vi,h a oy„ o„ 
fid nee as to the result. No greater Messing can he conferred" , T, 

u on o r r: ■ '"■*" "'^''""■''°"- •""' "'"'^"" ■•" l-towing Voo 

pon others, and tha, meets all the vicissitudes of life with a calm tr^s 

fulness. And there can he no doul,. that such characteristics ed™. 
mine,, ,n a large degree by the mother's state during gestation. 

It hardly seems necessary in this connection to advert to the imnor- 
ance of avoiding.all exercise of malevolent feelings, s.ich as anger envy 
jealousy, hatred, revenge, covetousness, or wrong desire of anv naTre' 
since al, readers of the foregoing pages must understand the ng ,1; 



150 



PRE-NATAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURE 



such emotions, if indulged, may implant in the embryo the subtle germs, 
from which will grow in after years the bitterest fruits. 

Another thing important to be avoided, as far as practicable, by the 
mother, is the presence of disagreeable and unprofitable associates of 
either sex. The untoward mental and moral influence that may be excited 
through the mother upon the forming child, by the frivolous and unseemly 
conversation of persons unappreciative of the nobility and grandeur of 
the work which occupies her. 

Fadeless renown has crowned the efforts of gifted sculptors to portray 
the per*" jct ideal of the "human form divine." That field of high art is 
open to comparatively few competitors — those fortunately endowed with 
rare genius. But there is a field of higher art. worthy of still greater honor 
— as much greater as the living perfect man is better than a senseless 
image. And this field is open to almost every one. even the humblest, 
through the means set forth in the foregoing chapter. Yes! the god-like 
privilege is brought within the reach of the great mas.v of those now enter- 
ing the prime of manhood and womanhood, as well as of those who have 
not yet passed its noon-time, of endowing with the noble gifts of genius 
their own sons and daughters, hov.ever lowly born. 




Figure j. ! ' >*» 



FiKure 6. 



Water Treatment for Health and Beauty. 

Fig. I. Shallow Foot Bjth. Fig. 4. Na-jl Bath. 

F:.-- ;. H>,r \V.i:,i r-a.k. Fig.;. A(.,l, nimal Conu.ress. 

Flj;. ; .Spr.iy l!..tl,. Fig. U. Cold \V.,trr Pjck, 



CHAPTER x:il 
CHILDBIRTH AND HOW MADE PAINLESS 

PAIN-LnSS childbirth i,, „„ establishcl fact. It was prophcie.l fiftv 
jear. ago l,y e,™„e„. physicians, that the ,i,„c wa' co, J v',^^ 

motherhood is gra,,.. a,,., that <i., e " c i' ; n'i'ft'TV" ' ' 

» .-. be a curse, n.a.v he r„„e. off, as ,„a„ l,::::, „ff '^^ .; ':: ™:- 

you violate His laws Wl,nf • , . ' ^' ^°^'' ^^"^ because 

-.>eet,t,.te:;::ux:r 

re.ur„ in a short tinte. hearing „,,h then, the nl :;„:: c il, wL" 
abs„r<ht,.. then, to snppose that on,,- enlightened Chrisr .0::: ™ 

"But one word of fact is worth a volume of nhilosonh v • l»f 
some of nn. o.n experience. I a,„ the n:!, ' Jse . „ , ^ r 7 
girlhood was spent mostly in the onemir r .,,. .,.;"■="'''«"• % 
a girl is just as gooti as a hov. an.l I ca ried'it on, r ™ n " ''" '"" 
before breakfast, or ride ten'on ,'oX ' ^ er V™' .r ed'l ""^ 
n^- clothing sen.,ib,.. The weight hnng entirelv o L ,1 d rH 
nev r compressed my body out of its na.nral shape. When ,n^^ fi ,„„ 

wa..d every day, hVed as mnch as .:Z:C-Z:Jr:::Vt:i 

153 



'54 



CHILDBIRTH AM) HOW M.jDE PJIXUiSS 



mcnts. and took proper care of myself. The iiiglu before the birth of tlie 
child I walked three miles. Tlie child was born without a particle of pain. 
I bathed it and dressed it myself, an.l it weighed ten and one-half pounds. 
The same day I dined with the family. I< vcrybody .sai.l I would surely 
die, but I never had a moment's inconvenience from it. I know this is not 
being delicate and refined, but if you would be vigorous and healthy, in 
spite of the diseases of your ancestors, and your own disregard of nature's 
laws, try it." 

KNOWLEDGE DERIVED FROM EXI'ERIEx\CE 

Dr. Holbrook says: "Those women of savage nations who bear chil- 
dren without pain, live much in the open air. take much exercise, and are 

physically active and healthy to a 
degree greatly beyond their more 
civilized sisters. These instances 
tend directly to prove that parturi- 
tion is likely tc be painless in pro- 
portion as the mother is: physically 
perfect, and in a perfect condition 
of health. They certainly tend even 
more strongly to prove that pain is 
not an absolutely necessary attend- 
ant of parturition." 

Observation teaches us that all 
animals which are left to instinct 
and nature, bring their young into 
the world without suffering. 
, ,. , ^^'e t'o not wish to combat any 

established methods of treatment which add to the welfare of mankind 
but we heartily invite the co-operation of all progressive and practical 
thmkers of any school. With us. this knowledge is derived from experi- 
ence, and not from undigested, undefined theories. Our object is to avert 
that sufYenng known only to woman in time of labor. 




HUMAN EMBRYO AT THE THIRD WEEK. 



CH,Lm,uTU .MX. non- ,r,n, p.,,.v,,,, ,^^ 

WHAT TO ,.vr ,rR,.vo rKm,,scy 

■-■"oal,, vegetables a„,l ,„,i.s in Trnv Or """ " '^ '""' ""^'""■"8 

'or n,e„,al and physical e, . '.a,; l", """'■ '""' '^ «■•-•"" "''i^ty 

»re aneicn, „a,ion^„o„ me Ha " ":;"'^"»^"' -■"«"i-l- There 
slra.es this fac,, showing thaf he 1^ T' """" ""'''"'""' ''""°"- 
™..e. of edncation. The eh , g ,::::,- -"-' "-I i» en.irel, a 
'O': - long as .he ,„i„d „„„ J .hel, e", .j """■'•'■' """' '" l^''"'"^'. 
«.sts; since ,],e mind exercises ^rJZ '«^««"ry Hie nc.essi.y 

No change should he al,n,p U o ' """ ■■"'" '""""' "" '"= '-Iv. 
of the European countries, ea, vervS """' r""°'* "" "^■"- "' »"'"= 
poorer Cass live on a diet ( p«atZ , cT ' " '"'"'"' ™'"^" °' '"» 
-re only fron, „ne to three ho^trstl " T ""' "'"' "•"'ine.nonts 

"ses, no pain whatever is exTrilnctd "' '"' "'"= ^''"^'" -™ 

berr!L?„:iT:i.sa::ro:i-,7::: ™;'*°"-'' 'e-nade and Juices o, 
-ake nice drinks, also coffee and ^ '',"'""" ''''"="" ''" "a.er 
observed in not eating too muC 1 ' """"T' "'"'■ ^^^ '""« ''c 
^i.es.ed is he.ter thatf a greTtta 7^:^"^ ' "'"^ '"°" «" 
cond..,on, there will not he a narticnbr , " '•"'™ '= '" Rood 

'ood, I,,,, i, ,,„„„,„ then fanX W r'"\",""'"« '°"">- «™i" 
fl«hy. she should reduce some, 1^ la«,i™ " ' " ' """"" '^ -O' 
"o. usntg much sweet food, eating creftr? " ' '"' "'"'"'''"' '"«• 

A very (hin person should eaW»r * '" '""" n"»n,i,ies. 

'"■"s and nuts, avoiding at .f'",rh::';'°°" f"" '--• "^"^hles, 
that sweet food makes fat. The sweet cl , " "'°"«'" '""' 'ome 

produces an aci.l state of the hlood w , ll, "' °' ""= ^'""'^l' ■ ""» 

muscle. Pastry, cake, and called fniw.rT"'' "" ''"""'= °' '« -'" 
sugar, should be avoided by the preena,, , """J" ' ''"'^' ^'"°""' of 
and should be eaten at .he^egin^S':"'.;::::,. '°"'" "' '■'^' «-". 



ISO CHILDBIRTH AXD HOIV MADE I'AIXLESS 

Some \v(jnicn. when prcfrnant. have excessive appetites, eating as 
much at one meal as formerly accustomed to eat in two. Such women 
have large children, often weighing from twelve to fourteen pounds at 



NERVES OF THE UTERUS. 

I. sacrum: 2. rectum; 3. bladder; 4. uterus; 5, ovary; 6. extremity of fallopian tube, 
birth. These excessive appetites should be controlled. Leave the table 
a little hungry, and in less than twenty minutes the craving for food will 
cease, and the general feeling will be much improved: as a result, the 



ciiiLDmRTU Axn Hoir mmh-: r.uxusss 

cnild will not he 'm l-inr,. ti 

«mor, since n„ ol elXrt 'T"'"" "'"""" '■••"""■' '"""^ '"" """" 

^cstifshccno ,;''';','; t";'"""' '■•' •"^' '•'"'■"■^ '- ->-■ - 

wi,l, saliv, • ' """' '•""' ^""""' '"•• "'I' "'-'i"-l an,! n.ixc.l 

l"KH-al trull,, il,.-,, ,l,c -lir „c I ,T, '""*' '•''"■■"'''• l'''>**"- 

'"renK.hc, ,l,c n,„sclc, A J ^,1, T '" '"' "'"■"-■ ""' ' ■""' 

use oils- anv of th,. ,. , i . •. ^ '^ ' ''^■'•^■''>«^' Pc^rson must 

*n. .^./;a.:i';Lr; :,,::;:'';,::,,:;'■ "r' -", -f "- 

skin is cirv an.I soft This ,mko " ""' "''' '""" '^''^ 

rule applies to . 'r;";';^ 7;^^^'" ^^^ ^^-"^ -'' vi,^^^^^ Tins 

""• "^'^ ""^ ^''""'•' '- --' twico a week 

before childbirlh. ' "" '"""'^ ' ''''^' ^"'^ ^-o months 

I am acquainted with a number of ladies who used the Turl' , 

ha.H ..en .He c„„„ .ix:^::: z ri:-::- ': - 

ph.vs,c,an,o arrive in ,in,e. She was „,c „,o,l,er", ^ H,-, " :^"\ 

or Ho. „.a.e. .„e„ ,n.o coi. repr ;r ;::;;;r ;x;::c;;;:,- 



■58 



CHILDBIRTH AND UOIV MADE PAINLESS 

permanently warm 



<lry. This practice \\ .11 soon establish the condition of 
feet, an important aid to good health. 



A BOON TO WOMEN 

The system here introduced is not new. It is known and has been 
practiced m various parts of Europe for a hundred years. 1 acquired the 
knowledge from one whose n,cmory is sacred to me; who herself was 
the mother of eight large children, all born under the treatment that will 
be heren, set forth. Her he.lth remained unbroken, free from any weak- 
ness or mjury from the many confmcments she had passed through, 
i he system ,s perfectly safe in the hands of the unprofessional. It is 
often the cse m country places that the only dependence of the about-to- 
be-mother is upon the kind offices of a neighbor or friend. 

This system is a boon to every woman in the land. It in no way inter- 
feres with the physician; on the contrary, "it relieves both him and the 
patient of much anxiety, comforting her through the months of wailing 
and relieving her mind of that terror and dread of confinement now so 
universal. It is a blessing come to woman, c system born of nature, sooth- 
ing and refreshing, it eliminates all morbid -ccumulations and secretions 
establishing a general equilibrium. 

Many who have had their first child up „■ this system have remarked- 
"W hy, I could hav.> another and not feel tned." Others, who in previous 
confinements have been ruptured and lacerated, and cautioned not to 
become pregnant again, afterwards pass through their confinements as 
safely as though former accidents had not occurred. The harmful tension 
at birth is caused ^y lack of right knowledge on the part of the patient 
I his injurious tension we remove. The relaxation of the nervous and 
muscul; system is in perfect harmony w ith nature. 

In i8— the idea of painless parturition was first advanced, in a small 
pamphlet, published I)y a Mr. Brown— a chemist, of London. His wife 
in two previous confinements, had been a great suflferer, and he feared 
she would not survive the third. 

"She had, within three years, given birth to two children, and not only 



CHILDBIRrU .LSD IWlr M.-WU r.UXLESS ,„ 

.ott::;:::: •,:;,";;::,;;""■"""• "•"":. '"- - "•- ""-"■» ■■-'- 

be applied 2l'f ' , T''"'"' ""■'' ' ^■^"»*""l'l"' '■•■"•■l"«^'» i.a.l ,., 

husband's carnct instmcc- 1,..,- l 7"'-"^'^'' »''^ expcrnncnt at her 

THE FRllT DIET 

■•Slic Legan the ex,,crin,c„l i,i lla- first week of Jnnuan- ,A_ c, , 
con„„e„ce,: l,v eati,,,- a„ apple a,„l an „ra„ge the n "th t";,, H 

-hen she touk j„st he(<„e hreakfast, in a ti«„ to the a„„ e L.I r 

2 n.;cc of a ,e,„„„ ,„i.e., with s„,ar. a„„ at htelk „" LrZe' 

roast ,1 apples, takn.g a ver, s.nall „„a,„ity of her „s„al f„o I 
vheate,, hrea,l an.l l,„tter. D„ri„, the forenoon she took an o L or' 
.wo, an,l an apple. F„r .linner she took .Ish or „esh in a s.nall n itv 
and potatoes, greens an.l apples: the apples somethnes pee I et,' 

nito pieces; s.nnetimes hoile.l whole whh tl„. „ , , 
roaste.l hefore .he Ine. an.l afterwar.l"! .. ,, n^r l^.^e:;.""""" 
she sncke,l an orange or a.e an apple or son.e 2^. ' I 1 "','T 
some lemon jnice ,ni.,e,l will, snj or svrnp CfL , " ""''' 
strongly on the ston.ach an,l intes.ines , .hi; ' ?"" '""' 

conk, take several lemons withonti-ternveltn'!. ''"'"' """ '"' 

"For «.pper she ha.l a^ain roasted apples or a few oranges, and rice or 
go hotled ,n n„ k; son.eti.nes ,he apples, peeled and cored, wr ode" 

:r;fs::r^is,r;3th 2:-f.:~£:-\ '-- 

... ...w.. .o.,h„. Two or thre. .L . ^Tfh^^^ rlrpS 



i6o 



LUlLDblRTll ASD llOli' MADE I'AIXLESS 



of a mixture ma.le of the juice of two oranges, one lemon, l.alf a pound of 
grapes, and a cpiarter of a pound of sugar. 

'•She continued in this course for six weeks, when, to her surprise and 
satisfaction, tlie swollen and pri)niincnt state of the %'eins, which existed 
before she I.egan. had entirely sul.si.jcd; her legs an.! feet, which were 
also swollen omsi.lerahly. had returned to their former state; and she 
became so light and active she could run up and <lown a flight of more 
than twenty stairs, with more ease than usual when she was perfectly well. 
Her health lKv:;n,c nmvontedly excellent, and scarcely an ache or a pain 
afTected her up to the night of her .lelivery. Even her breasts, which, at 
the time she commenced the exiieriment. as well as during her former 
pregnancies, were sore an<l tender, became entirely free from pain, and 
remained in the very best condition after her delivery also, and during 
her nursing." 

He continues: "At nine o'clock, after having cleaned her apartments, 
she was in the adjoining yard shaking her own carpets, which she did with 
as much ease as any one else could have done. At half-past ten she said 
she believed her 'time was conic,' and the nurse was sent for. At one 
o'clock the child was born. 

THE FOURTH D.\Y AFTER CONFINEMENT 

"She got up from her confincnioiit immediately, and well. After her 
previous delivery, full ten days elapsed before she could leave her bed. 
and then swooned at the first attempt; on this occasion, she left her bed 
the fourth day and not only washed, but partly dressed herself. Had she 
not been influenced by custom and somewhat timid, she might have done 
so sooner. To be assisted appeared like a burlesque to her. not to say 
annoyance. She had no assistance from medicine." 

A friend of my acquaintance said that from the first niotnent that she 
thought she was pregnant, she lived on entire wheat bread, vegetables 
and fruit, sago, tapioca, rice, young meat, and drank lemonade, said she 
never had an hour of nausea, or discomfort during her pregnancy; had 
so easy a labor that she thought it not worth dreading. 



auLumnni isu iivir M.mi. r.ususs „., 

low cl.,sdy il,i. tcachinf, „( il,,.,, |,a,;es. 

OTIIHR F.SSRN-TIAI.S FOR PAIM.ESS nilU.BrRTII 

l.e ncla T , "r" ""■"' '"'■ '""" '^'""''' """ ^'"" ■"' 

.n>n,e,l,.,<.:y takon, („|l,nvo,l l,v a brisk ,l,v „( ,l,e , „ , 

c ean c, In .c,„.l ,:„„c|,. ,,„„». ,„„l i,, ,l,e l,,s, ,,av, „f prlnancv both 

Uke„2 '"• '■ '""' •^"" '■"« ^' '■^"°- '"'•> ^" "'« 

factor as ,1, ■ ,1,., a,.,l ,1,.. 1. ,i |„ plea.,,,, „.ca,l,er t-ntlc „a ks in ,l,e 
0|H.„ a,ra„„ s,„„i,HM sl,„„M 1 ,- ..ken. Care ,„„s, l,o .Ll .ha , c . e , 

. .lekoaje. ,,c ,„., faUR,..,, , „„r„„,„ ,rai ,,, „„,vevcr i e " ; 

mc >v„l ,„akc ,1,0 ,leli.a„. „„„„„ .,.,„. a,„l ,„e excrnsc wl.id v 
before a„ etfor. „,„ „,„„ „,co,„e eas, .. , a ,„oas„re: ,l,o „r „ ,, 

rec|,„re.l he h,„ a ,„he „f .ha. p„sse,se,k L,„„ ,,ar,:o„i„g canno, ; ! 

h.Khly reco„,,„c,„R.,l. a,„| „herc possihle. is v.rv hcoficial. ,,™ ! 
vork a. „„s ,„„. also o„,„es i„ for a ,oo,, share of a„e„,ion, a,,., „, . 

no .o he neKlene.l. ( are sho„l,I he ,ak. n in ,l,is, as i„ all cvernsc 

and work. ,l,a. , here is „. s.rainin^ or hea v lif.in,, „„ r,n,„i„. p ^ 

down stairs, no shocks, fatigue, or over-exert.on 



fc.' •■ •i:'i' 



■n 



i62 CHILDBIRTH AND HOW MADE PAINLESS 

A PERIOD OF HOME-MAKING 

This is eminently a period of home-makin^,^ or nest building, and a 
woman s heart should never be ligliter than when attending to the little 
wants that go to make home happy and a place of contentment and rest . 

bhe should see that .the ventilation is perfect, that the whole house is 
well aired, and especial care should be taken to banish all mustiness, damp- 
ness and impurities from the sleeping room. The air should be cool and 
pure; the sleep sweet and invigorating. The patient should retire early to 
bed and rest during the day when so inclined. The dress should be loose 
and the clothing hung from the shoulders. All pressure should be 
removed and the utmost freedom of action, both of body and limb be 
secured. ' 

HOW TO BREATHE PROPERLY 

Exercise in deep breathing should be taken. Full breathing is neces- 
sary to thoroughly oxygenize the blood. "To learn deep breathing be as 
passive as possible; that is. assume a position in which all the voluntary 
motor muscles are inactive. Lie flat on the back, perfectly horizontal, 
without even an elevation of the head. Shut the mouth and draw the air 
m through the channel provided by nature, the nose. As a result of bad 
habits most persons will raise the upper ribs; yet this expansion will soon 
yield ta the movement of the lower ribs, and this again will gradually 
cease by continual practice, as will also every distension of the ribs All 
these faulty movements will be superseded by a bulging out of the abdo- 
men, whose outward swelling will be proportional to the amount of air 
inhaled. 

"Look at that quietly sleeping cat upon the rug. Its sole indication 
of vitality IS the bellows-like motion of its hodv in breathing You must 
also have observed, that in all domestic animals, at each respiration an 
undulating motion extends quite through the whole trunk, and that this 
motion terminates only at the hindermost limbs. This is natural respira- 
tion as It 13 performed throughout quadruped existence. 

"Have you a perfectly healthy lady friend? Lay your hand upon her 



CHILDBIRTH AND HOW MADE PAINLESS ,63 

PERSONAL EXPERIENCES 

>et but a young g,r|. I.ving i„ ,he co.mtry where there wa, „n nf 

■n^ *e neighhorhooC, I ha. sonte e.periLee, a p'::!":; ^.^rf::;; 

:::.". her'z".:^; t ^ '"" °' ""■■" --""■r.^l^r'^, 

assured her that she had no trouble to apnrehen<l- her fenr hi 

no. overeo^e u„ti, later. , reco^en.eXLnte p ria e^cX ^r; 

r,t a„f LXraX^tvn;;: == r ' °? ■-"" 

catue, I wa, ealle.l ai ,, T. ,r '""' '"' ''" ""fi"™"' 

-,e. her ...r!;": j,^ Z^ZTt \^':T:r'"''- 

easy as to eause her .0 re.ar. that she wouh, noi^LT. ^ ha^'l^^h::: 

ON THE RIGHT TRACK 

Since graduating from a medical college and taking „n fU. 
as a profession I find tho* t taKmg up the practice 

present sysZ'bein^onl ' '" "'^ ^°"*'^' °" *^^ '"'^ht track, my 

P system bemg only an improvement on my early method. 



i(H CHILDBIRTH AND HOIV MADE PAINLESS 

The following is an extreme case. A single lady, twenty-seven years 
of age, had unsuccessfully attempted an abortion to save her reputation 
She was very beautiful. Her occupation was that of sewing. The poison- 
ous dri,gs she had taken produced the death of the foetus, but not its 
expulsion. A great sufferer, she had lain in this condition six weeks and 
was reduced ahnost to a skeleton. Two of the city phvsicians exhausted 
their skill on her, without success, and left her to die under the effects 
of opium. While in this dying condition, another lady phvsician and 
myself were called. I suggested the sweating process, in connection with 

hot water injections to the unrelaxing 
v.omb, keeping her. meanwhile, warmly 
covered. One hour after this treatment 
the entire system relaxed, including the 
OS-uteri, expelling contents, which was a 
rotten mass of putrefaction. The odor 
of a dissecting room was nothing com- 
pared with this. Another injection, not 
so warm, with a few drops of carbolic 
acid, was given, when she fell into a 
sound sleep. The sack or bag of waters 
did not break until reaction set in. pro- 
ducing painless contractions. The free 
perspiration also eliminated all poisons 
\\hich had been taken into the stomach, 
purifying the entire .system of foreign matter. She recovered perfectly 
free from the least indication of fever or blood poisoning, as would ordi- 
narily be expected. One who had undergone a Turkish bath could not 
have reported more satisfactorily. 

At another time, while visiting in Minneapolis. I was invited to a 
W Oman's Hospital as counsel in a severe labor case. The woman had 
been in great suffering for two days. and. on examination. I found still 
no dilatation of the os-uteri. I suggested mv usual course. whiJi wa. 




HEAD PRESENTATION, 



CHILDBIRTH AND HOIV MADE PAINLESS 165 

followed. I„ an hour and a half tl>e child was <lclivcrcd without pain, and 
there was a perfect recovery. 

My obstetrical cases have l)een very numerous, but 1 have never lost 
a case, nor met with an accident. 

FIRST STAGES OF LABOR 

A day or two before the labor commences the patient usually feels 
better than she has ,lone for a lon^ tin.e: she is Hglu an<l comfortable- she 
's smalle.-. and the child is lower down; she is more cheerful, breathes 
more freely, and is more inclined to take 
exercise and to attend to her household 
duties; she has often an inclination to 
tidy her drawers, and to look up and 
have in readiness her own linen, and the 
baby's clothes, and the other requisites 
for the long-e.xpected event; she seems 
to have a presentiment that labor is ap- 
proaching, and she has the feeling that 
now is the right time to get everything 
in readiness, as in a short time she will 
be powerless to exert herself. 

A few days, sometimes a few hours, 
before labor commences, the child "set- 
tles," that is there is a subsidence — 
a dropping of the womb— lower down 

into the abdomen. These are the reasons why she feels Hghter and 
more comfortable, an.l more inclined to take exercise, and why she can 
breathe more freely. The only inconvenience of the settling of ihe womb 
tnat he womb presses more on the bladder, and sometimes causes an 
.r tabuuy of that organ. The inclination to t,rinate becomes more fre- 

drfficult. The woman becomes more clumsy, and a little later, glairy dis- 
charges take place from the yagina. These simply show an Increa ed 




BRBUCH PRESENTATION. 



i66 



CHILDBIRTH AND HOW Mp,; r,„x,_Ess 



l=.ter on, become .omZZZTT , "^ "' ™"lrac.ions: these, a little 
of the signs. The I" Z '"' *"' '"■"'"'""' '"^'"^ ""'x °"= 

separation of the men,hrane-!in , ""'•^^"cmg dilatation and 

"the show." ■"^"■"""^■n the langnage of ,he lying.;,, chamber, 

copious iniection of .varn.Tt / , /L-^^.^T""":" "^•"^'"'^' " 
Obstinate an iniection of ^Un-.n , , ^^ constipation is very 

.aK-e„. in orde.'tots:;::'^!::':;^'"" """ ' "'* -»■> ^"°""' ^= 

THE GRE..\T SECRET OF EASY CONFmEMENTS 

^inl:!':;:'^;,,:!:':": ''^^' '•"«= «*- "-- -. a c„p ever, te„ 

.He room .a J,":,rp,:n L?;^ TZJ'T ''"r''°''- "="- 
them warm. Pay attention ,o J .T "'' '° "'^ '=" ""<! l<«p 

wi-h p„„. s^veet'larir:; , s te "br; : "vTiT ^"^=""-"""6 "-« 
in the hope of bettering the process o7n!' '"^ ""■ "'^"'"vering. 

Parts that are ta.xed by this „Z° T '' " """""' '°' ""^ '"J^ious. 
condition and tone while !„? ' '""■*'^ ""^ '° ' "ormal 

.o serious injury and se mjch Z ™. ''"'"'™ "''^ ^"''*"' '"^ 
.aking .he tea, she sboul ^7 P c^ attei^"? '''""' "" "="="' " 
'he lungs by inhaling throurt thTn!^^ T . "'" ''"'"^'•"S- Fill 
and exhaling slowly'in .Telam rnt^ "^ :7"\"'-"^ ^ ""-"''e- 
«rength and endurance of the paHem ,1, ™*'"^ '""=='« 'he 

and, capillary circulation being inctas j ' 7" " "' "'"" '"'■">■• 
are prevented or cured This win '"""^ """" Hemorrhages 

>vould be pain, and , cannott ; sT:o?:^T' """^ ""'"'^ ''"' 

Many suppose that perspinLnV "^ ^ "P"" ™"'' """*■ 
.o the contrary. Free pers pira Hon "^'^ ""^"""' '''' P^^^n 

unpleasant symptoms genera X a.lr't'.f "'' °' '"'" '"^ "'h- 

generally attendmg chddbirth. The child and pla- 



CHILDBIRTH AM, 1,011 ■ MADE PAINLESS ,5 

centa are ,lelivcrc<l in fr,„„ one to three hours ^, ,1, , ' ^ 

pa..ent ts left free from laceration, r„,m,re f " ' , ' """"'• '"" "'^■ 
all the sequences so frenuen.lv fnll, '' l""«"""S. and 

pains, soreness, rigors ,0 chs t * ''""""''°"- '^"' "■""' "° 

''in-.rance .0 an Jsy an,, ratri': ^V^'^; -l', Zl '""■ .^^ '■- "° 

^ ^^ ^^"' '^e as easy at forty as at 




The pi '"'^'^'^ SURFACE OF THE PLA EVTA 

::r^.^::x:^:eJ:'.'"",^ 'r:::':™ 'r-^™ -^ -^ -'- -- 

required, mv treatment would stHI be „t '"'^'''" "''' "'^l" he 

i" premature births, when Z co te „ ' T """""'"'■ '' '" '■"™'-M' 
sive power. ™"'""' "'''^ '"^S'^ ™o"gl> lo give expul- 

DRESS TOR COXFI.VEMCNT 

on a „ar:4Ter":;T:,:::i;::^ •-•- -."■• ^" ^""■<' -■ 

nigiugou n. I lannel is a non-conductor 



-*,**^ 



i68 



CHILDBIRTH AXD HOW MADE PAINLESS 



of heat, and as the object of the treatment is to remove all tension of the 
nervous and muscular tissues, the retention of the heat becomes an assist- 
ant, an.l also aids in dilating the os-uteri and surrounding tissues. 

KEEPING CONTROL OF ONE'S SELF 

_ She need not lie down to have her offsi>ring. unless verv strongly 
mchned so to do. One does not lie down to work. A kneeling position 
IS most desirable for some women, holding for support to something in 
front of them: with others the sitting posture is easiest: move around and 
hnd the position that seems most comfortable. Manv a mother has been 
sacnhced through the feeling that she must go to bed for the birth of 
her child. Nature at that time nee.ls all the energy and assistance an 
•ntelligent mother can give. Do everything possible to assist: breathe 
deeply, hold a full breath, and by thus expanding the lungs, assist nature 
to bring forth her young. 

After the child is born, the mother should lie down and have some 
gruel, broth, or a cup of tea. If the after-birth immediately follows the 
birth of the child, nothing more is required at the time. If it is retainc.l 
and when the mother is rested, the attenrling phvsician can remove if this 
can easily be accomplished by an injection, into the vagina and rectum 
of slippery elm infusion and pure soa,). thus relaxing and loosening the 
parts and causing a natural and easy delivery. Keeping warm and pay- 
mg attention to the breathing will prevent any unusual .lischarge of 
blood. The patient must possess perfect control of herself, realizing that 
It is natural to berr children. 

THE CHILD'S CRY A RELIEF 

After the expulsion of the child, it is better to turn its back to its 
mother, and let her covering fall between herself and the child, thus bring- 
ing It into full view, and completely protecting the mother from cold or 
exposure. A soft napkin should now be used to wipe the child's face, eyes 
and mouth. The child usually cries lustily as soon as it is born. The 
sudden contact with the air is exciting, and more or less irritating to the 




SWEET -MOTHERHOOD. 




NATURE'S MIRROR. 



A beautiful and chaste w-oman is the perfect workmanship of God the true "'orv rf 
angels, and the dehght of the world. ' vr ' ^ *^' 

Merrnes. 



cwtDB,„T„ ,,-0 „on- .^uon pmxlbss ,„ 

exceedingly sc.isiiiv e iiifani • ilic ,ni,.r-,l rv 

^-notion of ,.eaU,in,. .c' l!: ^ ": H; '-r'"'-^"^ ''^ "^^^• 

external life throi.gl, tlic sceminrrK . • ''"' '•'an-icsiatiou „f 

-uUI give .nuch Lr. :.:: Z^n; '"''' ^"^ "'^' ^"'•^^'"-' ^' "-se 

is .^ir.^;:.;!:;:i!:^ r^^r;-' ^- -- ^- -^i-nues. o. .,„.: ,.eat,.in, 
to pulsate up to witl^ "u ' '"T """^' "^' ^•"^•' -" '^-^ --sod 
then be cut about th i Z r^'TV" ''^ ^'"'"'^ '-^'>- '^ ^"oul. 
of blood fron, the conl wil " 'T '^ '""^ " ^" -- '--te tl.e Hon 

coarse silk or tlu.a.l. about "" ^''*^ ^"^•' ^'""'•' '-'-''• -tl^ 

two inclic.sfromtbe abdomen 
Should the conl seetn Iar«e 
a"«l tapering from the alxlo- 
nien. it may be because a por- 
tion of the intestine is within 
't- In such case cut the 
cord beyond the e.xtendcil 
nitestine. return the intestine 
into the abdomen, and retain 
it there by a i)ellyb.lnd. 

\\'hen a lady marries late 
in life— for instance, after she 
has passed the age of thirty— 

her first labor is usually" much more linc^erin^ and t. r , 

"')? =5 great stock of nati.-n.-. ( '" ^ tedious, demand- 

a'..l fro.n, the friends Ltw! "'" / " '"'""'"^- ^^•"" »'-' *'-tor. 
e.-a!ly do remarkab v iv iT S n^ ' i '"'^ '" ^"" ''' "'^'- ^-n- 
the first confinen.ent I is 'LI" ha' T' 7^'"' '''' '" '''' '^ '^ ^'^ 
a.e as easy as though she i:! r^Ju'lrt^r"" '"' '''' '"^°^^ 

PREPARATIONS FOR LABOR 

sJ^:::^:z:, ■:•:":: r* •- ""' ""->"■'"« -"--.-. 

skein of ,I,.end. And s e o„rf„ , ,'"" " ''""" '"' "' "■-<- ••"•■! ^ 

ought ,o have n, the house a small bottle of 




17* CHILDBIRTH Am HOW MADE PAINLESS 

olive oil. and a cake of Castile soap, that they may l.e at hand in case 
hey are wanted. Let everything necessary, both for herself and th h , 
«;e well a.red and ready for immediate use. and be placed in such or 

ti.t^a.i things may be found, without hurry or ii:!:;:'^':':::::::::^ 

The bed should contain a mattress and over this shn,,!,! » « . . 
rubber sheet. Over the rubber sheet should eed 'ones"" Th! 

patient can then use the bed if she chooses ^''' 

Many attendants are not only unnecessary but injurious. They excite 
and flurry he pat.ent they cause noise and confusion! and rob tl air o 

needed. ^^ '"'' '"''" '''' '°^^°^ '"' ^'^ — • - aH that L 

CHLOROFORM IN HARD AND LINGERING LABOR 

Mothers and doctors are indebted to Sir James Simpson for the 
introduction of chloroform, a great and valuahi; discovery 

The inhalation of chloroform, according to tJie will of the operator 

ITZ :T r'^' " r''''' unconsciousness, and. either f:r o gX' 
or for a shorter t.me, freedom from pain. I„ other words the effecr 
m.ght. wuh perfect safety, be continued, either for a few mi nit or from 
.me to t.me. for several hours; indeed, if given in proper si;: ly 
judicious doctor, with perfect safety. ^ 

Chloroform is useful in a labor when the throes are very severe and 
when^notvvithstandmg the pain, the labor is making but little prog" . 
Chloroform ought never to be administered, either to a pat ent in labor 

tion And chloroform should never be given unless in a lingering or a 
hard labor. As I have before advised, in a natural and easy labo XaLe 

course. Patience, gentleness, and non-interference are the best and the 
chief requisites m the majority of cases. 

BRING LIFE TO A STILL-BORN BABE 
If the babe should be born apparently dead, a few smart blows must 
be given on the thighs and on the back: a smelling bottle ought trje 



CHILDBIRTH AXD HOW SunB PAISLESS ,7, 

on the thighs, in an apparcntlv stilllrn , .T ! ' " ''°"'' '"'''^'"'^ 
«"<« ready remeclv. VLt a .is T '^ '^'' '""^' ''•''"''>- ^l"i^-><. 

l^y this .sin,p,e re;ncdv rn <: r r?'- ■^'"■''"" ^•'"'•'-" ''--• 

once .ake an apparentlv ZZ:'^ ''^^"^"^" ••-"•• ^^ >- -n 

crj^aml cry he nn,st-he is. as a rule. 

safe. The navel string, as long as there 

" .''"'sation in it. ought not to he tie.l. 

BANDAGR AFTFR LABOR 

While «e do not in this enhghtened 
ase consider it t,ecessary to use a hand- 
age after labor, yet there are those who 
prefer to do so. and in that case it should 
'>e made of thick linen, similar to sheet- 
»"g, about a yard and a half I,)ng. and 
sufficiently broad to comfortably sup- 
port the abdomen. Two or three folded 
diapers-folded in a triangular shape- 
should be first applied over the region 
of the womb, and then the bandage 
should be neatly and smoothly applied 
around the lower portion of tlie .-. „ men 
to keep the diapers fim,ly fixed in their position. The bandage ou^ht 

Women who go about too soon after thoir confinements fremien.lv 
nancy, a„d perfect rest for a few days after labor, cannot be too sfrongfy 




"rZniAL VBSSILS IN UTERUS TEN 
I'AVS AFTER DELIVERY. 



174 CHILDBIRTH AND HOW MADE PAINLESS 

DIET AFTER LABOR 
For tl,c fir,, ,|ay the <iiet ,l,„ul,l consi,,, of nicely ma.lc an,l w-ll l,ni„ l 
■ rnhan, grud. arrovvru.,,, an,i n,ilk. 1,™.1 and ,„ Ik ,,a dn- ,J' 
>m,cr. „r ,„a,, a,„, ,,„.,cr: taking care „.., .„ ovcr,.„, ;et7o™ ui h 
.o., n,„ch m,nl. A c„„f„, „r ei.I.er food sl,.„„,, „„, ,, evcccl. oti^ r 
v.»e ,l,c p=..e„, „il, ,cc, „p„„«cd; .,„o „i|, ,,e ,ia,.,. ,o v ol" is lira 
"on. and there will l,e a loo abnndan, secretion of n.ilk ' 

-"^:z'^:^''l::;:;i:^:^ -^ "••"". or wead 

poutoe. and l.rcad. Snpper.-a"::ak,at: . ^ 'o,:e:j:Ta,:t;;' 



CHAPTER XIV 
MISCARRUGE AND ABORTION 

Al'l< »-^j^IATUKI-: expulsion of the f,xti,s before ti.e c,k1 of the sixth 
->"" .s ca cd ether a .niscarnage or an aI,ortio„; after t i.^e 
^^ ^^ ^^^^u heforc the full period of „i„e n,o,nhs. it i. ....„ ^:r;:: 

A ,1 ,.,rarriagr f. .. serious cala.nity. and should be considered in th.f 
^; : n.t C.K t. the .other herself, whose constitution f! " 

" : ':v :te:!r:;;;M '"'^T' t '^-^ ' --^ -' '- "^^ 

deli.d,t n ^ privileges, the inestimable pleasure and 

for .h. firs, n,iscarria,e is ,„c o„e .l,af f , ,...:;:; .Z . ^lo I^^^ '''^ 



CAUSES OF Al 



KK;-,'i! 



f' -f the child from 
of liic ftctus; hence 



A slight catise will frequently occa.ion ,;,.• , ., ,- , 

ate al ,„gl ,. ,„o frequen, sexual intercourse. The excitemcut incident 

o parttes, balls and concerts; al, violent entotions of ,„e nl 2 ' 

.Bl.t etc.: fattgue; over-reachiug; sudden shocks or falls; taking a JZ 

step either n, ascending or in descending stairs; falling down flair if 

iof-'iLrvf,?^ 'T ■'""'' '•""'''■''■■ -'°-.;'oi,sti::ter ;,i : 

r,;en,ems 1"" ,"''°r ^°"'"'"'"'- '"''i' <" l^o'D': fashiona lie 
e^ eo thmg that injuriously affects either the min.l or the l,„dv 

A woman threatened ,vi,h miscarriage usually experiences a feeling 



176 



MISCARRIAGE AND ABORTION 



of lassitude, of debility and depression of spirits; she feels as though the 
menses nere coming on and complains of weakness and uneasiness about 
the Ion,s. the h.ps. the thighs, and the lower part of the abdomen ^ 
.s an ,mportant stage of the case, and one in which judicious treatment 
VN .11 almost to a certainty prevent a miscarriage. 

SYMPTOMS OF MISCARRIAGE 
If the above symptoms are allowed to proceed, unchecked and unat- 
nded. after a day or two there will be a slight show of blood. This 
how soon uKreases to flooding, and shortly becomes clotted. There may 

trea nicnt, be even now warded off. .\t all events, if the miscarriage can 
"ot be prevented, the ill effects n,ay. with care, be palliated, and means 
may be used to prevent a future miscarriage 

If the miscarriage is allowed to proceed, a new train of symptoms 
develop, pams begn, to come on. at fnst slight, irregular, and of a g ind 
"g nature, but which soon become n.ore severe, regular, and of a bear- 
" g--n nature. I„dcc. •: .• case is now a labor in miniature, and the 
patient is sure to miscarry. 

There are two stages of miscarriage-f^rst, the separation of the ovum 
from he womb: and second, the expulsion of the ovum from the womb. 
The former, from the rupture of vessels, is necessarily attended with 
more or less of floodmg. The latter, in addition to the flooding, from the 
contraction o the womb, with more or less of pain. If there is separation 
here must follow expulsion, as Nature is doing all she can to get rid o 
he separated ovum, which has now become a foreign body; and if there 
;s expulsion, there must, of necessity, be pain, as contraction of the womb 
mvana ly causes pain; bene, .here is. in every miscarriage, more or 1 ss 
of floodmg and o pain; indeed you cannot have a miscarriage withou 
both the one and the other. "unoui 

TIME OF MISCARRIAGE 
the twelfth week. It is not confined to this period, as during the whole 



WH: 



MISCARRIAGE AND ABORTION ,77 

time of pregnancy there is a chance of premature expulsion of the con- 
tents of the won.h. A nnscarriage before the fourth n,onth is at the time 

the constitution. A nmcarnage sometimes begins and ends in a few days 
-five or s.x; ,t at other times continues two. and even three weeks. 
TREATMF.XT OF MISCARRIAGE 

If the patient has the shghtest sliow. she should immediifelv .nnfi 
herself to the bed and Keep perfect., ,uiet. A soft Lat^e '"/n ust hi 
voK ed: ,t both enervates the body and pre.lisposes to miscarriage Te 

seZte bed Th"" ' ""'"'= '"''' "'' ^'^ ^''^'''' ^'^^^ ^° have a 
separate bed. This is most important advice 

The patient should be put on low diet, such as arrowroot, tapioca saeo 
gruel, chicken broth, tea. toast and water, and lemonade: an "ha fe" 
he drinks ought to be cold. (>apes at these times are cooling and refresh- 
mer th ''"^"'''^"^ °^ ^ '-^^--" ^''ould be kept cool; and if in sum- 
mer, the window ought to be thrown open. Laxative medicines must be 
avoided; and if the flooding is violent, cold compresses can be applied 
externally to the parts. If this ,s not effective use one gallon of hot u^ter 
as an injection into which has been added one teaspoonful of powdered 
golden seal. 

CARE OF A PATIENT AFTER MISCARRIAGE 

^ The same care is required after miscarriage as after a confinement- 
indeed, a patient rec,uires to be treated much in the same manner She' 
ought to keep her bed for a few days, and should live upon the diet recom- 
mended alter a confinement, avoiding for the first few days stimulants of 
all kinds. Many woman date their state of ill health to a neglected mis- 
carnage; and It behooves every woman to guard against such a misfor- 
tune. 

PREVENTION OF MISCARRIAGE 

A patient prone to sterility or miscarriage even ought to use every 
means to brace and strengthen the system. The best plan is to leave the 



ie^miBBewmK!^: wcraKf 



178 



MISCARRIAGE AND ABORTION 



husband for several months, and go to some healthy spot; neither to a 
fashionable watering-place, nor to a friencj-s house where company is 
entertained, but to some quiet country p!ace-if to a healthy farmhouse 
so imich ii,e better. A few summer months spent in the pine woods of 
M.clngan has m frequent cases been the means of bringing about conceo- 
tion. *^ 

Early hours are quite indispensable. One should lie on a hair mat- 
tress, and have but scant clothing on the bed. The diet should be light 
and nourishing. Gentle exercise ought to be taken, alternating with fre- 
quent rest. 

Cold baths ought to be taken every morning, and the bodv should 
afterward be dried with coarse towels. If in winter let the water be made 
tepid, and its temperature gradually lowered until used quite cold \ 
shower bath is in these cases serviceable; it braces and invigorates the 
system, and is one of the best tonics possible. 

.\ person prone to miscarry ought, as soon as she is pregnant, to lie 
down a great part of every day; she should keep her mind calm and 
unruffled, live on a plain diet, retire early, and have a separate sleeping 
apartment from her husband. She ought to abstain from taking laxativ 



,e 



medicine. Constipation should be avoided or treated bv following the 
suggestions in the chapter on constipation. 

Gentle walking exercise daily is desirable; long walks and horseback 
riding being avoided. 

As the usual period for miscarrying approaches (for it frequently 
comes on at one particular time), let the patient be more than usually 
careful; let her lie <lown the greatest part of the day; let her mind be 
kept calm and unruflle.l; let nil fashionable society and every exciting 
amusement be eschewed; let both the sitting and the sleeping apartment" 
be kept cool and well ventilated; let the bowels, if costive, be opened by 
an enema of warm water; lot the diet be simple, yet nourishing; let all 
stimulants be avoided, and if there arc the slightest symptoms of an 
approaching miscarriage, such as pains in ilie loins, the hips, or in the 
lower abdomen, or the slightest show of blood, let a physician be instantly 



:nif4i>; 



MISCARRIAGE AXD ABORTION ,79 

sem for. as he may. at an early period, be able to ward off the threatened 

NO APOLOGY FOR ABORTION 

Children have a right to be born! Alas, that this God-given privilege 
shotdd ever be called in question! That it is so. however, the testin o 

from he pt,l,),t. the remonstrances of philanth.opists. and the forebodin-^s 
of phdosophers, abundantly prove. 

If wc examine the history of abortion, we shall find that this crime so 
commonly practical as to deman<l attention, is of extremely a,K-ient 
ongm. havmg existed among pagan nations from the earliest times 

If th,s evd were principally resorted to for the purpose of shiHding 
from open chsgrace the victims of dishonored virtue, there might perhaps 
I>e a fa,nt apology for silence, btu with shame for the wives Li mothers 
of our land, who are the chief offenders. This statement may seen, strange 
to the ears ot many a devoted wife and mother, but to the physician 
who ,s generally a receiver of family secrets, it is a well-known fact 

ABORTION A MURDER 

Imcn.ional abortion i, ,o nil purposes a m„r,Ier. Ti.is is „o,v conceded 
by all ,vl,o are „, orn.ed „po„ .l,e snl.jec. An,o„. .I,e ancien.s ,I,e <li, 

re and ,1 ercfore .Lore was no sn, in its .Ics.mc.ion. Il.is s.a.en.cn, l,a< 
hc.ever. been ,,„„c„ .„ |,e false^ The en,l,rv„ is alive and hence .nnVk 

cm .he n,„„„.„. , , ,„„„,„„„„ Modern science has ainn.dan ' , 
>' '^ o he a fact, i, f„„o„,. ,hen. ,ha, ,his crin.e is c,,,allv as ,,,cv 

'n^pnsonn,ent. and in son,e cases even with' death. 



i8o MISCARRIAGE AND ABORTION 

DANGER ATTENDING ABORTION 

Aside from tl,e crime, however, the maternal mstinct of the mother 
and a sufTiaent regard for her own health should prevent any and all 
attempts of this character. The amount of physical sufTering that may 
follow cannot be estimated. Inflammations of the womb and kindred 
disonlers of the generative organs are almost sure to result, and frequently 
w. 1 res,st the most skilled treatment. At other times blood poisoning ma'v 
follow ..om the retention of the placenta and membranes of the fci^tus' 
lh,s may produce inmiediate death, and at best can but end in broken 
health and lifelong suffering. 



'-^-^J ^,^^-:'^ 







CHAPTER XV 

DISEASES PECULIAR TO IVQMEN AND 
THEIR CURE 

INFLAMxMATION OF TIE WOMB 

inllan,n,«;„ , "°-' '"■■'■'"■ '" "">■ «""« uf life. This 

o ca" T r T' ?■"""= " ""■l'«--l- I"" a vas, „,a,„ri,v o 

m, ; 1 """"="■"'■■ "•••- "- -Si" i" -„,c inflamn a.i, „ o 

or.h:ct« """ ""^'^ '"'^ '"^ ^"^"■- '""" ^y "- i-sis.c,;e 

Tlicre are many varieties of tl,c .lisease. an,l eaci, receives its ,nme 
accor , ,., .,„ ,„, „,^^,^,, _„^_^^ ,„„a„,„,a.i„„ o. .I,e «. „ I 
«on,l,; I„fla,„,„a„„„ „, „„. H„i„„ „,en,|„,,„ „, ,i,^. |,„,^. > "^^'^ 

nfla„,n,a„„n o( ,l,e n,eml,rane Ii,„„,, and covering necli „f , e I : 

irorrrr "'"- °' -^^ --^ °' "-^ --^ uiceraii::;:,;: 

Often an intlannnati.,,, „f the neek of tl,e womb may exist for a period 
^ZTr "frT"- "■■"»- giving anV great discoX! 

i8t 



I83 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMEN 



As the mflan,n,at,o„ progresses the feeling of weight and heaviness 
mcreases .,11 the pain extends down the li„,b. and thfongh the bo veU 
Physical exertton ,s painfnl, and at titnes ahnost in.possible 

In chron,c inllammation of the body as well as of the neck of the womb 
the nienstrual How is nsnally somewhat impaired ' 

The ovaries are snpplie.l by the same syslen, of blood vessels a,.d 

eaddy ndlante when there is an increased action of the utern O vari 

ut ors are often the resnlt of a prolonged in,lan,n,atio„ of the wZ 

Catannal dtscharges fron, the bowels, and piles or hen,„rrl,oi,ls „,ay foi: 

ow n,na,n,nat,o„ of the womb, especially when there is retroversion or a 

falhng hackwar.1 of the body of the won.b. It is apparent that the cause 

helh f"T"" '"'"" "" "'""^^ "■'" "■■-"'-' n- restora i„, to 

ClIROXIC INFLAMMATION OF THE WO.MB 
Chronic inflannnation of the womb, when of long stan.ling, greatly 
impatrs ,f not wholly destroys the general health. The circu a«on s 
slnggtsh, the hands and fee, are cold, the face wears an anxio ,s exp e 
ston, the mnseles become weak and easily tire with only modlte t " 
TlH- dtspostt.on becomes irritable an.l nervo„s-a slight provocation big 
snfficent to brmg on an attack of hysteria. The whole temperament ^d 
hspos,„o„ seems changed. Friends are regarded with distrT, , a"d 
herefore avo.ded. The patient becomes tnorbidly sensitive, and always 
looks upon the dark side of life. aiua>s 

The causes which may lead to the development of uterine disorders are 
man>^such as a sudden checking of the menses from exposure to old " 
an m;ect.on of cold water when in an over-heated condition-Hf^i,, oo 
heavy we.ght^falls and blows across the abdomen-any of these mav be 
the excting causes of serious uterine derangement ^ 

Another fruitful source of uterine disorder is wearing improper cloth- 
It .1 ?""'^'"" '' ''' ''^' '''^'-^' ^^- ^^'3' Is imped:lr by 
t.ght lacing, and congestion of the organs of the pelvis follow as a result. 



mhrmism^^^mm 



s&sM-y^Jt 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMEX 



tH 



Any cause that produces stn^nation of the hloo.I. develons in u^^^^ .n 
t.on and relaxation. I\.r cxamn'e-fasteu -. ml f ^^'" 

on.. .oderateK- ti.ht. and in I l^^Z TZ^:^::^:^ '''r\ 
con^ h. reason of the inahiht, of the veins to:u.^ ^ I ll^ :;; 
artenpcr.ous results u ,11 follow if the congestion is prolonged. 

An; cause which leads to a general weakness of the muscles of th. 

an 1 bowd ''T'" • ' "'"""''^ ''''' "^""^^"^^^ ^^'PP-^-g the womb 

o u "1 'T :'' "' "" ^"""' ''^'^"'^> • I^-I"acen'ents easily 
oceur „ elaxed concht.ons of the abdominal nu.scles. Displacements a e 
reasonably sure to be followed by in.lannnations and congeLoI 

MORE IMPORT.VXT TH.\X KLECTIVF. FRANXHISF 

le« o„n,c„., as well as ,„o n.eans of ,l,cir prevention. I o 1 I Z 

ine> need the elective franchise, we nught then develon -i mr. ^f 

who would be gladly ad„,itted to le-WsLative haHs ll ''""''" 

•he on>, sensible shoes fo! I ':!l:TZr. "'"""°" '^"^' ^"°"'' ^'^ 

NEAT, HEALTHFUL DRESS 
Women who cannot decide to abandon the corset altogether should 
accordance w.th the motions of the bod.y. Tl,i. crsct should be pro- 



184 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMES* 



Btu o„s should he seucd upon tl,e corset at the waist hue. to which t^e 
k.rts n,ay be attached by n.eans of buttonholes in the bands A v" 
onven.ent ur^er-waist may be made of silesia or drilling. Th front a, , 
be - are cut hke any dress-waist, only very loose fitting^cut om Zt n r 
of he front covering the bust and replace by a gathered nuf^^alfom 
cglneen niches long and the depth of the piece rLoved it 
sl|cn,ld be finished at the bottom with a ,JZ ^ wide'n 1 S 
^uth !.ea^y mater.al. so as to be strong enough to bear the wellu o h 
sk>rts suspended to it by means of buttons. It will be seen tha tl L w 

ful we I ^ r suspenders. The effect of this waist is to give a 

ful well developed bust. Under vests made of "Jersey cloth" arell 
-lly comfortable, as they cling closely to the bod/anc ye 1 not mo ; 
the n,ovements of the body or impede the circulation. '"' 

FRESH AIR TONIC BETTER THAN MEDICINE 

Too much cannot be said of the benefits derived from exercise in open 
pure a.r and deep breathing. As a tonic, it is better than ml cine h 

^ rn'it ^i;rf'Y''''''- and lends vigor to both mi^d an 
'od). Imalds uho suffer from nervous prostration or from uterine 

eases should hve much i„ the open sunshine. Outdoor lifeTei 0"" 
the strength, mcreases the appetite, repairs the blood, quiets the nerve 
and gues new hfe and health to the body. The grea est p y c an I " ' 
good water, sunhght. deep breathing and exercise in pure air 

The tendency of uterine disease is to reduce the qualitv of the blood 
and produce weakness and debility. Therefore the fiod should be L^n 

rr cr!:r rj ^^ - "-'' ^^^^^^^^ ^"— • -^" -- Highi; 2:0 : 

e tre raTbre^'"'^'' ^'"". P°"'^^>'- "^""^ ^'^P^' ^sh, oatmeal and 
ent.re wheat bread are most suitable for a diet 

irJ^lr^tVr' ■" """"" '"' '°"8. if tl.e patient can be 
mdnced to trj- the benefit, of out.ioor life and moderate exercise. Take 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO U'0\ir.\ g 

In most cases of mnanimalicn of ,l,c „o„l, ,1,.,, . ' ••, 
constipation of ilielwwfk „l„-.i ' ' "• '' ii"'I<.'ikv t,. 

« a perfect cure o 1 ,;e „: '"""" "" "'" ''" '"■""'"'•'' '" '""-'-■ 
constipation exists S.att ,'""""'"" :'•■■'""" '"' -•""'Pli-I.c:! „„i,e 
i. .he Chapter trea,in'':;:,',C:;:;;;r^' '- "»■" •" "■« ™- 'a,„ ao.n 

HOW TO ixDicK sLi:r:p 

^nc^:te;uZ;^e'::;;:;"i::"fT' ~ "^'-"^"•^. of.e„ to 

'ion to hjgienic tneasure , ""''"'"'''' '" ^'"'''- ■^•"■•■>• 

exercise ill aV ero s „, T ''";';" ";""•'""" "' "" ^'"■'""S — "■ 
"ee.,s to sec„re't„e rs,"'X i Z t,:" 'f'T "' "" 'T '"^- "•"'™' 

*ep is persistent after fai,„f„„, „,;, ^ J ,„^-;::","' ."'^■. '^ '•> '" 

relaxing medicines must l,c resorte.l ,„ Z\ -""'""•' "'"'""■"• 

This should consist of a towel tl n, : " ' ° '"■""'■'*•"■ "' ™''' "••«"■ 

and wrapped around the l,„,l. *■'' ""'"S '"" "' "W "atcr 

icing i, ass down o 1^,-Sr^'T\ """" '"^ ""'^ ="" 
equal length of canton flannel. This is n^sV „"'"'"" ™'"'"' =" 
acts a, the san.e time upon the l.„ c ! "" '" '"""" *'«!' •™'> 



AVOID SEXUAL KXCITF.MliX , 

In all cases of acute inllan.mation of the uterus il, .1 , , , 
itinence of mar^f,! „!...■„_ ^. . . ""- "'erus the. ■ shou!' 1 



total 



• bstnence of marital relations. Ti-l' ^ZZ^ 1 ''""' '-, 

ew husbands understand the neccssitv for suci c„ ,r ' TT ' ' "' 

tends to attract the blood to the „<,„,„ will nrense the l" '"^ """" 

mflammation; therefore sev,,-,! ,■„. mcrease tlie 00 -o-e.,,,.,, j„j 

.0 arouse the passionsi::',' L' z^r;:;:':,:"? r -"^^^ ="'"= 

of scenery are often ver, henefcial. ,r„, , ^ '-.hI"::' ="'' '•' ^■' ■'■'--' 
can be secured, and the thoughts will he di. r , ! .' , 7^" v1 

- •••"•' t"C disease, whicii 



i66 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMES 



. of mcalculable value to the patient. Constantly dwelling „pon any 
disease most surely fastens its hold upon the patie.U. It should, therefore 
he the au,. of friends to divert the mind into any healthy channel. 

EXKRCISES TO STRENGTHEN TllK WO.MB 

A weakened condition of the abdominal muscles is the cause of mis- 
placements and congestions. Then, in order to effect a cure of the 
diseased organs exercise tending to strengtlu-n these muscles must be 
resorted to. \\ hen any muscle or set of muscles is exercised n>ore bloc I 
•s carried to the part, from which it receives strength and nourishmen . 
Muscles unused become weak and powerless, and vice v.rsa When a 
patjent .s too weak to exercise his muscles, an assistant may do it for him 
-thus a person confined to his bed for weeks, with tvphoid fever, loses all 
muscular power. By having the muscles rubbed and'stretched thoroughly 
for hours each day he will regain his strength rapidly. The Swedish 
movement ,s founded upon this principle of localized . -ercise, and has 
much m It to commend itself to the public mind. So is osteopathy. 

EXERCISE NO. i 

'The woman lies upon her back, upon a f^rm bed or couch, her hands 
.ghtly clasped over her head, and her feet drawn np to her body, with her 
knees strongly bent. Then with a moderate effort she slowly raises her 
hips several inches from the couch, holds them there for about half a 
mmute and allows them slowly to return to the couch. This movement 
may be repeated, with short intervals of rest, f^ve or six times. 

"If the strength of the patient is not sufficient to perform these move- 
ments without too much fatigue, an assistant may ai<I her bv placing a 
hand under the back near the hips, sustaining the bo.lv. according to the 
necessity of the patient. This movement will be found very effectual in 
strengthening the abdominal muscles and relieving congestion and inflam- 
mation of the womb." 

EXERCISE NO 2 
Another beneficial exercise is found in the following method: The 




THE IDEAL FIGIRE. 



^mmmmmm 



MICROCOPY RESOIUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI ond ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




■ 50 


■ 2^ 


1^ 


Li, 

tii 


1^ 

|3^ 


III 2.2 


Hi. 


Hi 


12.0 



.8 



1.6 



^ x^PPLIED IIVHGE 



'65J east Main Street 

Rocheste', New York U60Q uSA 

(716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

(7' 6) 288- 5989 - ran 




FIRST HOUR OF THE NIGHT-A PAINTING BY RAPHAEL. 

"A perfect woman, nobly planned. 
To warn, to comfort, and command- 
^ And yet a spirit, still and bright. 

With something of an angel light." 



DISE.ISHS I'PxrUAR TO WOMRX 



1 8. 



*<) 



woman lies on a firm couch, face downwani v^,- 

her bodv upon her elbows and toes ' '"'''^'; '"^''"- "'^' extremities of 
she rais'es her hins f n^ , " " '""' ' '''''''^ ^-"''^"''^ ^'^ t''^' ^vill. 

her elho s a a^^ /"\V'"^ '''^'''': '^ ^"^''^ ''- -'""^- -ei^ht rests upo, 

:^^:;:;::;:::mi^:i^^ 

1 ^Muus example, i hese movements wil! el-v.fP tl, i • ', 

pelvic cavitv as wpII -,<: .f.« .t , eicxatc tlie womb m the 

LOCAL TREATMEXT FOR WOMB TROUBLE 

In mild, uncomplicated cases of uterine disen.P tl, 

of treatment, laid down in th. f •'^"''''''' ^"^^hods 

effect a citre \ V ^regomg chapters, will be sufficient to 

I ad -i and i o"rT "" '"^ -'-P'^-tions of a ,rave character. 

be ha L " M^'^>— ' -^houM be sought, as the recoverv will 

fron, weak vaginal walls, copperas can be a, 1 ' ''T "" """"' 
onedranUoeaehquartcfwaLr Incas of o , ,'" '"'' ■'"'"""''■ 

.ion.„ excel,™, .e.e.. Is ,o„„. 1:^1^:^;:: ■:;:"""- 

Golden seal, ,o grains ; , teaspoonfnl boracic aci, i„ , ', „, , 
as hot as can be borne. Inject each night on retirin., \' T 
.his purpose is "The Fountain Syringe i? Its of? ''""";!'" 
-ag capable o, hol.iing several ,„ar,s o' water tZic ,:', , Z sT I 
fee. of rubber tubing, a, one en.l of which is attache „ " T i , " 
suspended six or seven feet from the fl„„r i ■, '"'""■ "'e bag is 
slop jar, placed upon the floor The wa^; ", '■"'""' ''" °"^ " 

vessel, and the force of the str^nu:: ^ i^r ,;:: ''^r^'l 
.s regulated b, the height a. which the bag is' laced lor.:; r '"'^" 
As before stated, .njections ntust be persevering,,- used if bLficia, 



■X 



190 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO IVOMES 



They should be continued from ten to twenty minutes, at one time, accord- 
ing to the severity of tlie inflammation The temperature of the injections 
should be regulated by the condition of the patient and its effect upon her. 
Hot water is usually most desirable in acute inflammation, the symptoms 
of which are an internal burning sensation, which is greatly aggravated 
by exertion. Another remedy for acute inflammation of the womb, in 
praise of which too much cannot be said, is the following: 

Take of— Permanganate of Potash, six grains; 
Glycerine, two ounces. 
Mix.— Apply on cctton, and insert in.o the vagina on retiring. 

The best method of using the cotton is to cut a four-inch square piece 
of snow-flake batting, fasten the four corners together with a soft twine; 

it will make a ball-shaped 
pledget, over the top of which 
is poured a little of the mixture. 
Press the pledget into the va- 
gina as far as possible, while 
upon the back in bed. The 
twine remains between the limbs 
and furnishes a ready means to 
remove the cotton the next 
morning. The amount of dis- 
charge following the removal of 
the pledget will be truly surpris- 
ing. The permanganate of pot- 
ash should be dissolved in a little 
water before adding the glyce- 
rine. 

Patients who have been un- 
able to sleep from pain in the 
back, limbs and pelvis, will often 

rest quietly after a warm hip bath, or a copious vaginal injection of hot 

water, 




THE UTERUS LAID OPEN. 

a. The os uteri, b. The cervix, c. c. Ex- 
tremities of the Fallopian tubes. 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO iroMEX 
FALLING OF WOMB (UTERUS) 



191 



.>.e nuestines and above .he va^^', ,, n "'"" """'"• ''^-"-'l' 

■gaments wh.ch co„.ril„„e .a i,3 si o , ' ^""^ ■'•'■' """ -'^ 

igamen,, ex.en.l from ,he .>or.l r hi, "" ""' ''"'■ ''""^ '""'i 

>"v.-ng .he „.e™. ..pen.e. im":hr"^T;;e":::;;'rv"' •"' "*- 

'^ romul ligaments are 




PROLAPSUS UTBR., OR K.X.UKO OK THB WOMB, 



<lescrip,ionof,heu,eri^es,ppo„n° ,""""'"■ """' ""^ =■'»- 
placed and moved upward or Zn ,"' "" "'=" " ""■->■ ''^ "^"j' chs- 
natural supports are slin. ,0 „, , •'° ' ~"^'''"»'>1= -^'en,. These 
'■•ons of health. If, ho.t^ , e C *", "' "T"" "°^'"°" '" -"*■ 
and held in this position by .« hea:^ , " " "°"''«' ''°"""-''. 

being, the wontb wiU alsoLole d ip C ' aJ'r"'' f""""^' °' ''»'" 

me a.spiaced and diseased. The displace- 



192 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMEN 



ments may be either forward, backward or latt ,y Wlien the womb is 
tipped forward it is called anteversion, when turned backward it is named 
retroversion. Displacements are rare laterally, though very troublesome 
when they do occur. 

Prolapsus or falling of the womb is very common, and the result 
of complex causes. When the prolapsus is only partial the uterus 
descends somewhat into the vagina. When complete, it passes down 
through the vagina and protrudes through the labia. Causes : There are 
many causes that lead to prolapsus, among which may be mentioned 
excessive we-'ght of the womb from tumors; dropsy of the bowels; falling 
heavily upon the nates; weakening of the uterine ligaments, and the 
relaxing of the vaginal walls. The vaginal walls may become relaxed by 
too frequent child-bearing, a persistent leucorrhceal discharge, habitual 
constipation, excessive sexual intercourse and a lacerated perineum. 

There is an inherent tendency in muscular fiber to contract, therefore 
uterine displacements, in their early stages, will recover readily upon the 
removal of the cause. It is different, however, when by inflammation, 
congestion, or tumors, the uterus has become badly diseased. 

It frequently occurs, after child-birth, that the uterus is very much 
prolapsed, but if the patient lies in bed a proper length of time, there is 
rarely any ill effects from it afterwards, as Die tendency of all disca:,e is to 
recovery, under proper management. 

Cures are only effected by restoring the proper tone to the uterine 
ligaments and the abdominal muscles. A good fitting bandage, made of 
drilling, similar to one worn after child-birth, is often very useful in sup- 
porting the bowels. 



ANTEVERSION OF THE WOMB 

The womb in its natural position inclines considerably forward. The 
inclination of the uterus is such that it coincides with the axis of the 
pelvic cavity. In anteversion the womb falls still farther forward, some- 
times to such a degree that it lies almost horizontally across the pelvis. 

During the period of development the womb is always anteverted, but 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO WOMEN 

after puberty it disappears usually, l-ibroici tumors situated o„ ,i, 
a tenor base of the uterus wii. produce anteversions bv n^," t 
org n forward, pregnancy i„ tbe early stages. t<,o great disten ic^ of to 
bladder, uearn.g stays winch press upon the bodv of the womb n 1 
gesfon of the uterus will cause anteversion ' ' "^ '""• 

narr'^rhrr/p^^i!^: '''''' °^ ^'^ "^^"^ ^'^"--^ "P- ^'^ ^'adder and 
.ts capacity to retau) uruie. thereby causing a .lesire to pass water 




ANTEVERSION OF THE WOMB 



frequently. If .here is much inflammation atlcn.ling the antevorsior, ,| „. 

a th ck sediment The patient finds the most discomfort in the uprirf,. 
position, and ,s therefore adverse to any activity "^ ^ 

Treatment.-If there are any complications, as inflammation con.e,. 
tion or ulceration of the .vomh. they should be removed, as the re fre 
quently the cause, and until they are partially removed, a tive measures to 

r£cL"irrh;;:rtr?:::r^- '^-in-'^^^^ 
~a,po„iticem:de::TotJ°re;;r:c:riT^^^^^^^^^^ 



194 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO HOMES 



fills red i.epper. i tablespoonful mustard; make a little thin and apply 
between two cloths. This does not blister. Or flannels wrung out of a 
strong decoction of hops anil vinegar. 



RETROVERSION OF THE WOMB 

This disease is not frequent in women who have not borne children. 
The body of the womb falls backward upon the rectum, while the neck 
presses upon the bladder. It is the result often of a tumor, or an engorge- 
ment of the body of the womb, when sudden muscular efforts are sufficient 




RETROVERSION OF THE WOMB. 

to throw the uterus backward. Retroversion frequently follows labor, by 
the patient being compelled to He upon the back for days. The uterus is 
then large and exhausted, and readily falls into the hollow of the sacrum, 
from which position it cannot easily rise. The obstetric bandage is 
another cause of retroversion. After an exhausting labor the uterus is 
too weak and too heavy to rise into the pelvic cavitv properly— the 
bandage is applied to save the contour of the figure, at the expense of the 



i>isn.m-:s rnau.iK to ,roMn\ ,,, 

Trea.„,c„,._Ue„,ove .1,0 cause i„ ,he fir., i ™,io„. Subdue ,l,e 




RETROFLEXION OK THE WOMB 



inflammation l,y poultices and hot applications over the bowels .ive cool 

rTnZitr "^ '"'"^"' '""■" - "= »™--^ -""-t 

RETROFLEXION OF THE WOMB 

.uJ^VTJ '■.'''■°'^^-"'"" ^-' retroversion are used almost synonymously 
although chffenng slightly in detail. In retroflexion the neck o^^LT V 
n^mt.. its proper position, .hile the hod. falls hail^^f ^^^^l^ t 

Diseased conditions of the ,yomb are the provoking causes of flexions 
The d.stmgu.shmg difference between retroflexi o'n and retroversion 



196 



DISEASES PECULIAR TO HOMES 



is ill liic greater tendency to painful menstruation in the former, together 
with sterility. 

Treatment.— The treatment is practically the same as for anteversion 
and retroversion. So far as possible remove the cause. Often it is of 
great value for the patient to travel, and form new acquaintances, visit 
new scenes; anything th' will serve to take the patient's mind from a 
contemplation of licr cnn.Iition will he of incalculable benefit. The min.l 
has more to do uith binrling our diseases to us than we can possibly 
realize, unless we watch the effect of mind over matter for ourselves. A 
careful study of this subject will repay the effort. 

TUMORS OF THE WOMB 

There are three varieties of, tumors which are found frequently in the 
uterus, viz.: Fibrous, polypus and cancer. The two former are not 
usually fatal, while the latter is regarded always with grave apprehensions, 
from being of malignant character. 

Fibroid Tumor —The similarity of the muscular fibers of the womb 
with thai of fibrous tumors is fully established. Tumcrs may develop in 
any part of the womb, but they are most frequent in the body. They vary 
much in size and numbers, over thirty having been found in .ne patient. 
The majority of these tumors however, are single, and may attain great 
size. 

Little is absolutely known in regard to the causes 'eading to their 
development, but among the predisposing causes are menstrual disorders, 
sterility, age and race. The colored people are j"ost liable to tumors. 
Tumors seldom appear after menstruation ceases, nor before puberty. 
The time of life most liable to their de.-elopmcnt is during the period 
when the generative organs exhibit the greatest activity. 

Symptoms.— The patient often has profuse 1 emorrhages, pains in the 
pelvic cavity, irritation of the bladder and rec;um, profuse leucorrhoeal 
discharge, and frequent watery discharges from the uterus: this watery 
discharge may be considered diagnostic of fibroid tumor. As the tumor 
enlarges it can be distinctly felt through the abdominal walls. 



DISEASLS PECULIAR TO irOMEX ,^7 

Treatmcnt.-Thc action of nn-dicine i„ promotinR ah.orption of 
I.I.roul tumors .s far less cTcctive than .Icsiml.lo Tonics arc u cfnl in n 

.a-neral way to UuM up th. I.alth if i„,pairc.l. Io.,i.,e of pota.i „ . 
ccn ,,ven . two-«.ai„ doses, three :„.s a da,. . iti. ,ood rL.Us. K< 

u of .oduK. and givcerme applied treelv over the ahdon.en. wit a 

md s h.„r hrush. mornings, s.enus to ex.rt a favorahle inlluence in 
chccj<n,fi: the grouth of the tumor. 

POLYPUS OF THE WOMB 
A polypus is a pea.-.haped tumor attached to the uterus hv a sm.ll 
P .cle or stem. It develops in the neck of the womh n.ost frec.ueml 
although no part of the uterus is exen,pt. When it for.ns in the "^0; 
the^won,., U frequently p..trudes into the vagina and n,ay pass out at the 

Causc.-Inflamm.tory action of the uterus, or obstructions to the 
menstrua How. or anything which ten.ls to keep up active congestio p ! 
disposes to the f(.rmalion of polvpus. I'u". pre 

r^J^^TT 1r'''"'' ''' '''''''' ^" ^''"- "^ '"''"•-"■^ tumors, as 

torn esn • ;, ; r '^V"""''^^"-^= ^'" ''''''' '^ '-' •-^■^^>- -"^^--t svmp- 
tom especally .f the polypus lies in the neck .,f the won,h or vagina' and 

s subject to constant irritation. Consult in this case a good phyrician. 

CANCER OF THE WOMB 

The breast slom.ch an.l womb arc tl,c organs in which malisnant 

umor., ,no„ frequently .Icvelop. Aceor.Hns to Ma.isties eanccr :<Z 

won, , ,s „,„,, common-ancl the point of attack is „m,,-,IIv the neck of the 

won,b From a bar.lene.l an.l no.lnlate.l con.lition i, soon passes into n 

.. cerattve an,I slonRbing state, and continues to .iestrov the ,, rro n.lin^ 

■ssnes. t,„ death cotnes to the re-' -f of the s, fferer. The dnr,;": ^ ^ 

dtsease var.es from a few months to a few years. U is incurable, an-l will 

reappear after surgical removals. 

The cause of cancer is supposed to be from some peculiaritv of the 
blood. It occurs most frequently in middle life. > "s an established fact 
that inflammation of the uterus is not a provoking cause of cancer 



U)H DISEASES r ECU LIAR TO HO St EN 

This niala.ly frequently makes considerable advancement without 
attractniK^ much attention. When the tumur begins to slougb away 
hemorrhages appear. an.I offensive .Uscharges which pro(hice abrasions in 
the vagma-the complexion assumes a waxy hue and the general healtl. 
fails. Somctunes cancer is attended with sharp, lancinating pains 

Trcatment.-Ih.t little can be done to arrest the progress of the 
disease. The m.lications are to control the hemorrhages, relieve the pain 
and the offensiveness of the discharges-for the latter purpose a solution 
o permanganate of potash, in the proportion of ten grains to the quart 
of waer or twenty drops of carbolic acid to the same amount of water, will 
be found u ,eful to inject several times a day. The pain may be controlled 
hy opumi or morphine. No other remedy will afford such relief. The gen- 
eral heaiti, must be supports by a very .uUritious diet-as rare beef 
cream, soft eggs, pure wine. etc. If the appetite is poor, give tonics. 

LEUCORRIKHA. OR '■WHITES" 

The term implies the presence of a non-sanguineous discharge from 
the female generative passages. It is a very common disorder among 
women, and no age is exempt from it. It sometimes appears catarrhal in 
Its nature and ,s easily arrested by rest and injections of cold or tepid 

charge .I'lTTT ''"■"'• •' "'"•'^">' ^'•^^"^^'*^^ ''>' ^ 'eucorrhcal dis- 
charge, as a result of temporary congestion, and passes away shortly dter 

the menses cease. When leucorrhcra is constant and provinces an itching 

of the external parts or a burning sensation in the vagina, it is an indica 

t.on of utenne disorder, and should be arrested at once. There are several 

varieties of discharges from the generative organs which are called leu- 

Z f7"V "T^' ■' ''"''^ ""' '" '"^•■^^^^^ ^^"^^•°" °^ the mucus 
lining of the afi'ected part. 

General weakness and debility may produce leucorrhcra; this general 
weakness may be associated with son e derangement of the liver, lungs or 

h!' k" . 7 V"'* ^""^"^ ^ ^^""^^ '°^^-^""g °f the vitality or nutrition of 
the body which constitutes the first siiges of consumption. Local causes 
are any foreign growth in the womb; flexions, polypi in the uterus; con- 



- 0. 



DlSLASliS riiCULlAK TO HOMES „^, 

ge tions ami prolapsus of the uterus. Loucurrh a is often p-o.I„cnl in 
dndrcn I, y seat worms in the rectum, in v ' ich case there ,s more or V ^s 
'tchmg m the vagina ; or it may ccur from MUipie .lel.ility. 

CLRE FDR LElCOKKUdA 

The first earc should l,e to ren.ove the cause. If leucorrhuv, is caused 

> physical weakness, toni.s should he ,Mvcn. an-' ..rcful In ^ienic n.eas- 

"res adopted, such as baths, friction of the skin. ou,d....r lif:. .,,.,„;' "f 

scene, exercise, proper attention t., the ,liet. All hal.its of a knuwn'pcr- 

n.c,ous tendency nu.st he avoi.1.1. Inioctions arc of ,reat val n , 

a dl '" ^'^^ ■'^— «••-'<'"-■ tepid. For an injection: Tinct. of 
calendula one ounce; , pint of glycerine: lo drops carbolic acid- use an 
ot.nce o th,s m a quart of hot water. Take, intern.-dlv. sepia (powde 

compound ,s also an excellent internal reme.lv. Dose- One-half t-a 
spoonful tw.ce each day in water. If the leucorrh.ea discharge ari ; from 
congestion of the body or neck of the womb, injections of icKli.,: " ! 
seful. rn .he proportion of tuenty drops to the pint of water. oZ 
treatment .s often the only real curative reme.ly for leucorrhcx^a. 



CHAPTER XVI 
CHANGE OF LIFE 

THE object of this chapter is to teach woman how to preserve her 
hcaUh and strengtli through the critical period termed "cliange of 
hfe." This change is perfectly normal, as much so as the one 
occurring between the ages of ten and sixteen, and should be so regarded. 

A few simple rules will apply to all cases, of whatever temperament. 
Nature is primitive in her operations, our aches and pains being simply her 
voice calling upon the intelligent forces, our thoughts, for assistance. It 
usually takes place between the ages of forty and fifty, althoiigh in some 
cases it may occur as early as thirtv, and in others not until sixty; how- 
ever, we can expect the change about the forty-fifth year. 

"At puberty the ovary enlarges until it attains its full development, and 
begins its work of casting off each month a perfected ovule. When the 
forty-fifth year of a woman's life is reached the reverse process begins. 
The ovary begins to shrivel, soon reaching the size and acquiring much 
the appearance of a peachst )ne. A few months later it is still more 
shrunken, and after the cessation of the menses it often becomes so 
shrunken as to be scarcely recognizable. .\t the same time that the 
ovaries are undergoing this remarkable degenerative change, a similar 
change is taking place in the other organs of generation. The uterus also 
diminishes in size, as does also the vagina. The mouth of the womb 
becomes contracted, and after a time entirely closes. The upper part of 
the vagina is often contracted to such a degree as to produce folds closely 
resembling those which result from serious inflammations about the 
uterus. The breasts are diminished in size. These changes indicate 
unmistakably the decline of the function of repro'duction, preparatory to 
its entire suspension." 

SYMPTOMS OF CH.\N'GE OF LIFE 

The symptoms will vary according to the constitution of the woman; 
in some the change occurs by the discharge gradually diminishing in quan- 

200 



CHAXCE or LIFE 



20I 



tity, in others by the intervals between the periods being leiigtliened. The 
woman may pas^ this period witiiout Iiaving any more unpleasant symp- 
toms than an occasional rush of blocd to the head, or a headache. Others, 
however, may have very severe symptoms. 

Headache, dizziness; biliousness, sour stomach, indigestion. diarrha?a, 
costiveness. piles; itching of the private parts; cramps and colic in the 
bowels; palpitation of the heart; swelling of the limbs and abdomen; 
pams in the back and loins; paleness and general weakness. 

The neuralgias, nervousness, fidgets and hysterias which atllict some 
women at this period are such as to make life nnserable. Flushings are 
also a frequent nervous disorder, caused by the rushing of the blood to any 
part of the body. Sometimes the ilusliing is accompanied by excessive 
heat or by violent throbbing. Sometimes nausea and vomiting accom- 
pany the nushing, or the patient may be thrown into a profuse perspira- 
tion, while at other times the mind becomes so excited that it amounts to 
actual delirium. These perspirations are sometimes so profuse as to 
saturate the bed-clothing. They may follow the Hushing or occur inde- 
pendently. Usually they occur during sleep. They also attend mental 
excitement of anv kind. 



"CHANGE OF LIFE" NOT TO BE DREADED 

Most women look forward to "change of life" with serious apprehen- 
sion, and the prevailing opinion is that it is a period of great risk to health 
and even to life. This is a mistaken notion, however, and recent investiga- 
tion proves that there i> less mortality among \vomen at this period than 
among men of the same age, and also that there is less mortality among 
women during this decade than during any other decade after' the age 
of puberty. Women who safely pass this period have also a better chance 
of living to a ripe old age than have men. The woman who comes to this 
period with a constitution unimpaired by fashionable dress, by dissipation, 
or by excesses of any kind, has little or nothing to fear, and will almost 
invariably pass it quickly, and with safety. To the woman with feeble 
health and a broken constitution, however, this may prove indeed a critical 



302 



CHANCE OP LIFE 



(oreboJ.ngs. A proper preparation will do much to tnitigate the sufferings 
o( tins age and ■. ,s well, indeed, if being foreuarned i! ti„,e, si begta 
to correet the ev.ls of the past in tua.ters per.a.ning to dress, diet a!,d ex" 

HELPFUL SUGGESTIONS. 
\Vith the appearance of the first symptu.us. begin treatment which 
growths, such as tumors, polyp, cancers, flooding, and many other con 

^m'::, tSeZ'tT "" ''";':■ "'''-' "■■" -™ ^-'serous to man; 

tlnr vent ( , V °' '•'"""'■ '"" ''">' '""^^ P'°P" P^-ntions 
to prevent future suffern.g. Many women, when contemplating this 

perfect health w,ll never be re-established. The reason so much snfferin.^ 
.s e.vper,cnced during this period is that women do not understand ho" o 
P^per ly prepare the system to undergo it with nndi.ninishe l ," t 
Mature s laws are no, violated, there will he no trouble whatever 

Mature has four ways of removing obstructions; namely the lun»s 
ahmeutary canal, kidneys, and the several tuillion pores of the kin Wh ,' 

ear'Tl": LTT"'';! "'", ™™^^-™' °' "-^ "«^-. - -e ,!e 
rfi, „ , , '' ™"'°"" '° ""^ '='« "' °" l-eing.-constrneted 

V pro'rr ';,""' '"" ,"" """ "" ''^'^^- °""°P *^ nmscular s™ m 
oy proper breathing and exercise. 

NATURE'S WAY OF REMOVING OBSTRUCTIONS 
Change of life is one of Nature's requirements, hence the necessity of 

b> nutr t.ous food, and by keeping the skin clean and free for the perfect 
el.nnnat.on o all superfluous secretions. Women at this period should 
take enemas, both by means of the rectum and the vagina Man "n 
pose that these weake-^ the system; on the contrary they rende it 
hca thy. washmg away all eliminations of the mucous tissues This is as 
neces^ary as cleansing the skin. Very warm water should be injected if 



CHANGE OF LIFE 

troubled with gases; a li.tle borax or bi-carbona.e of so.la dissolve,! i„ 

vater wll neutralize acidity aud overcome tl.is condition. If sore or irri- 

a ed, tjse slippery eln, injections, making then, tl.in enougb to pass easily 

througb the syrtnge. Fountain svringes are l,est ^ 

In cases of hot flashes, heartburn, an.l sleeplessness, a ,lisor,lere,l 

tontach ,s generally found ,„ be the canse. .\ rest fr„„, eating for urn 

(o- r hours, wtth a one-grain dose of nu.x vo.nica. taken two „f ,h ee , s 

durtng the day, will overcome these .lifKcnlties. If g.eat o' r o, 

DIET AND BATHING DURING "CHANGE OF LIFE" 

lulls tcl^^^^^^^^^^^ '-^'^ ^-'^^ -.1 nuts. 

Mea s, except .vild game, should be avoided, as a rule thoueh their 
.ndu gence sotnetin.es produces a tonic action, causing n p e to o 
other th.ngs; when this results, their use is beneficial. The mine hould 
not contmually dwell upon self, but should be diverted with nlsan com 

final. Elevate the sp.nt, and the body will grow strong. Alwavs dress 

circulation of the blood. Try to maintain regularitv of the bowels by eat- 
ing properly, and not by dependence upon medi'cines only ThtuTar 
exercise and deep breathing are also essential. ^ " 

AS HEALTHY AT FIFTY AS AT FIFTEEN 

sit.fr.1 ""''^'"5 "'' " '"'"''''' '' ''''' P^"°^- Turkish, vapor and hot 

tlrltu) Z\ "/'"''V^'^ '•°°'^' "-"'^'^'ng the skin thoroughlv with a 
turkish bath towel or flannel. Fleshy people can use water freelv I u t 
^.n weak people should rub oils well into the skin after taking ot b 
Bathmg twice a week is necessary. We also wish to impress ,' 



204 



CHANGE OF LIFE 




minds that you can be as healthy at fifty as at fifteen years of age. with an 
improved mental olucation. experience and culture, which should add to 
your attractions. 

During the period marked by change of life, there should be as little 

mdulgence in the sexual relation as possible, none at all being preferable. 

It IS better to invite menstruation as long as possible. By doing this you 

exercise a most excellent safeguard against congestions. inHammations 

and developments of uterine tumors and cancers. Injections should 

always be used after a discharge from the vagina, whether of the menstrual 

or leucorrhoeal character. These injections will prevent the great amount 

of itchmg, pani and smarting from which most women suffer so much 

dunng this period. Do not fear to use water freely; a gallon at a time 

will not be too much, using, if possible, a fountain syringe, it being the 

most convenient means for injections. Commenr ? with water comfortabl v 

warm, gradually increasing the temperature until quite hot. Have no 

fear that the douche will induce hemorrhage, for there is no means known 

to the medical profession so prompt in checking uterine hemorrhage as 

copious injections of hot water. 

When change of life is so far .advanced that the secretions from the 
womb and vagina are sharp and acrid, causing increased soreness and 
inflammation, add to the water a little borax or bi-carbonate of soda 
Use this treatment every other day, wearing a wet towel over the sore 
parts at night, which may be wet in either hot or cold water, as is most 
agreeable. In connection with bathing and injections, use the third 
trituration of vi'.urnum opulus, also of Pulsatilla, one grain at a dose the 
viburnum to be taken at night, and the Pulsatilla in the morning These 
medicines come prepared in any homeopathic pharmacy, and should be 
taken during one week of each month. If excessive thirst is experienced, 
cold water (without ice), acidulated with a few drops of phosphoric acid, 
and sweetened with a little sugar, may be drank freely. This makes a 
pleasant, healthful drink. 

To relieve pain at the base of the brain, and along the spine, bathe 
treely in alcohol diluted one-third with water, producing gentle friction. 




THE FACE OF GOODXESS. 
(From a painting of Jenny Linrl.) 




LITITIA BONAPARTE-MOTHER OF NAPOLEON. 

,„^ Til'^ ^^? °^ ^ '^^'''''^- ' '^'*' ^'aPoleon, is always the work of his mother," 
and this extraordinary man took pleasure in repeating, that to his mother he 
owed his elevation. " 



CHAXGE OF LIFE 

.trr^:^:,rffr:r"\i::''' t--;— -<> even, 

DO SEXUAL PASSIONS CEASE 
increase in in.ensi 'v a" ": "''''°"" '' ""^ '^■•"'' ••""I "" P--'«.^i....s 

«.'e<HH.es. T,,ri:;Hi;::r~^^^^^^^ -, 

■senons apprehensions, for i, is ..,i,K, Z \ ^""^"^ "''°" ""I' 

"' -me grave .lisease. Tl er i ™ . L, "; T "'" '" "" '""''■'«"'" 
tl.is time is a verv commo , , n, r '"" '""'" K™"fication at 

voniences and a mem"" L, re °';"T"'""'' '" "" '■"'— '"-"■ 
continence is not on^^:!: , :tt"'s3,; 'IT '"'""■;"' "^"" 
tlie most essentiai Ingienic measures I,. l*/n,o,ne,l as one of 

trough this period ofsexnawleXma;,:';':!:;."" '"' "'" '-"- 

CHANGE OF LIFE IN MAN 

.nu>ertra::t;:tv;,ti::,'';:i;:v7'' -.,'■" --■ "'^ — 

her. At puberty , c h„ ' " """'"' '°- "'"' «cnrring in 

Prineip,e,'an,r^^e ; r, Ze :,: ",r '" '""'" "^ "«'• "'"■'" i^ «- ™le 
Correspondingly, S^^^^^t^ ^.r™' "'"'■'■■» "« 'en.ale principle. 

fifty or fifty-five. He suffer ^hrn J ' "' ""= "«' °' '^^ '°«y '° 

•he base of the brain tndencMo ""™"™r'- »'«P'«sness, pain a. 
Suicides are a,so more'colra™ g ri"?. :,' ai:';:" T '"^"f^' 

weaj. ToaJ:X::.ra'rin ::"""'"?"." •""■^ "•"-■°- «™>' 

~ importance, and as ^^7r:^;::^::tj:^t;i::: 



i 



■.fc 



CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD. 

(See Plate i.) 



I. 

2. 

3- 

4- 
5- 
6. 
7. 
& 
9- 

10. 

II. 

13. 
13. 

14- 
15- 
16. 

17- 
18. 

»9. 
20. 

31. 
22. 
23. 
24- 
25. 
26. 

27. 
28. 

29- 

30. 
31. 

32- 

33. 

34- 
3S- 
36. 
37. 



Carotid arteriei, or the arteries of the head. 

Innominate artery, or the artery without a name. 

Sub-clavian arteries, or the arteries beneath the collar bone. 

The great artery leading from the heart. 

Pulmonary arteries, or the arteries of the lungs. 

Thoracic aorta, or the artery of the chest. 

Gastric artery, or artery of the stomac^.. 

Hepatic artery, or artery of the liver. 

Splenic artery, or artery of the spleen. 

Artery of the lower body. 

Mesenteric arteries, or arteries of the bowels (upper and lower). 

Renal arteries, or arteries of the kidneys. 

Ascending vena cava or the great vein coming down to the heart 

Innommate vein, the unnak...-d vein. 

Sub-clavian vein, the vein beneath the collar bone. 
Jugular, the large veins of the neck. 

Pulmonary, veins of the lungs. 

Ascending vena cava, the great vein leading up to the heart. 

Hepatic vein, vein of the liver. 

Gastric vein, vein c' the stomach. 

Sp! nic vein, vein of the spleen. 

Mesenteric vein, vein of the bowels. 

Portal vein, the great veins of the bowel, stomach and spleen leading to the liver. 

Renal vein, vem of the kidney. 

Right auricle, the right upper chamber of the heart. 

Left auricle, the left upper chamber of the heart. 

Right ventricle, the right lower chamber of the heart. 

Left ventricle, the left lower chamber of the heart. 

Thoracic duct, the big duct carrying milky fluid from the intestines to the lef* vein 

under the collar bone. 
The stomach. 
The spleen. 
The liver. 
The kidney. 

Duodenur the bowel leading from the stomach. 
Ascending colon, the first part of the large bowel. 
Descending colon, the large bowel going down to the rectum. 
Lymphatic glands of the mesentery, glands of the bowels. 

208 




PART IV 
CARE AND MANACit-MENT OF INFANTS AND CHILDREN 



CHAPTER XVII 
INFANTS— AND HOIV TO CARE FOR THEM 

"A pebble in the streamlet scant 

Has turned the course of many a river. 
A dewdrop on the infant plant 
Has warped the girnt oaK forever." 

THE proper management of infants is a vital question-a mother's 
quest.on.-and the most important that c,>n be brought tmder the 
cons.derat.on of a parent. Strange to say. it is one that has been 
great.y neglected. Mothers too frequently undertake the responsible 
management of children without previous instruction, or without for^^ 
thought; they undertake it as though it could be learned either by intui- 
|on by mst.nct. or by aflfection. The consequence is. that frequently 
hey are .n a sea of trouble and uncertainty, tossing about without e Je 
rience or compass. ^ 

How many celebrated men have owed their greatness and their good- 
ness to a mother's training? "The fate of a child." said Napo eont 
always the work of his mother." and this extraordinary man took pTea'sue 
•n repeat.ng. that to his mother he owed his elevation. The character of 
the mother .nfluences the children more than that of the father, because 
she .s more exposed to their daily, yea, hourly observation 

A ch.ld .s the precious gift of God, the source of a mother's purest 
enjoyment and the strongest bond of affection between her and the hus- 

309 



no INFANTS^AND HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 

BABYS FIRST NEED 

If the following pages insist on the importance of a mother's one duty 
more than another, it is this.-that she herself look well into everything 
pertammg to the management of her child. Blessed is that mother amone 
"lothers. of whom it can be said, she hath done what she could for her 
child— for his welfare, his happiness, and his health. 

The first need of the little one as he enters this world is to be iiade 
comfortable. VNhat is better than to immediately anoint the entire body 
m ohve od or pure sweet lard. then, after wiping him with a soft cloth, roll 
h.m up m soft blankets, head and all. and put him away to ^leep 
or a space of three hours. The reason for this oiling is threefold- 
U nourishes the body, removes the paste-like substance found on every 
n w-born cluld and removes the soreness and tenderness experienced by 

into'thrworld ' ''' """' '"'" °' '°"^"^^'°" ^•^^^"^'^ '^^ P^^-s' 

CARE OF THE KAVEL 

unit r'\ ''"""^ '''?"^ '' '''^' '"'• ''''''^''^ '" ' P'^'^^ °^ fi"^ °'d "nen, 
unsii ged: when smged it often irritates the infant's skin. Take a piece 

of so f linen, about three inches wide and four inches long, wrap it neatly 
round the navd string, in the same manner you would around a cut finger, 
and then tie it with a few rounds of white thread. The navel string thus 
covered should, pointing upward, be placed on the belly of the child be 
secured m by means of a flannel belly-band. 

If after the navel string has been secured, bleeding should occur, the 

a^d sTr 1^" T ""f ''^'^ ^° "^'^ '' ''' ^°^-^""^ -'• ^>^^^^^y -tie the 
nave string. To make assurance doubly sure, after once tying it she 

should pass the threads a second time around the navel string, ^.d ii i 
again. Af er carefully ascertaining that it no longer bleeds, fasten it up a 
be ore. Bleeding of the navel string rarely occurs, yet in case it shouH 
:f the above directions are not adopted, the child's after he.'.U. o even 
his life, may be endangered. ^" 

The nave! string generally separates from the child from three to H - 



INFANTS^AND HOIV TO CARE FOR THEM jn 

days after birth. If the navel string does not come away at .l,c cn.l of a 
week nothn^g should be done to cause the s ^ration-it ough jl 
le allowed to <lro,, ofT. Meddling with it has frec.uently cos i b^c'- 
great <Ical of suffering, and in some cases even his I fe The^ av ' i 
t.mcs a l.ttle sore after the navel string comes a in lie?- ' TT 
co.^. Should be spread on h^^^ 

^dult age a cure is impossible. Palliative ...eans only a 

The be. treatment .s to npply a piece of tin foil covered v.ith lint „ . 

held m place by the belly bandage. ^" ^ 

•^HE INFANTS FIRST WATER BATH 

Now that the babe has had a goorl sleeo anri h.. i • , , 

the nil hath .f ;. I r ^ ' "^^ ''^<^" nourished bv 

he o. bath It IS ready for a castile soap and warm rain water bath cZ 

";:z.:„^.=" "'=• '^= -- ^-^ - - ^- "■= ^-,s . ":::;.^z 

many ,„fa„„ suffer from the wan, of water! For the ImZTi 7 
■nga p,ece of flannel is very usefu, ,o „se with .he so ' J", e" 

.c so .h T''"'°p '"■ '"""'' " «"^ '"'° "- ""OU.. cornefs, nd c ev 

from heau't ^TtZY T,"7 °' "'^ '''=' "> "^ '-°™"S-'>' -*=<• 
wet aTnllT- Vr °" P'"""S Hm in the hath, shonW be 

::hru::::atrpr\"^'^'^"^^"^ 

back and lo. s. Follou ,h,s advice and you will find the pl,n n,„„ 



21J 



INFANTS^AND HOl^ TO CARE FOR THEM 



strcngihcning to the child. After every bath, the skin must be thoroughly 

Init quickly dried with warm. dry. soft towels. »noroughIy 

The ears must be carefully and well dried with a soft, dry nankin- 

na tenfon to this advice has sometimes cau.ed a gathering i.' the "' 

dncd ail the parts that are at all likely to be chafed ougl;. to be well poJ 
jered: after c is well dned and powdered, the chcst'back. bo^e s'a.:; 
hmbs should be gently , .d. taking care not to expose him unnec ! 
sarily dunng such friction. 

EVENfING BATH FOR INFANTS 

It is restful to them to partially wash them each evening. It may be 
necessary dso to use .n spo.ige and warm water during the (hv each tin,! 
a er the bowels ha.e been relieved. Cleanliness is o.^ ^^^:^. 
fves to health, and therefore cannot be too strongly advised 

is Iv T" '"/''' '''"" "^ ■'"""" "'''^ "'"■'■'»' »° ^"«t «" 'i"fant. there 

lT7uT : '"""'' " ' ^'"" ^^^^^''^-^'- old-fashioned tarJh 
HKule of wheaten flour-reduced y means of a pestle and mortar to a 
fine powder; or v.ola powder, .hich is nothing more than finely poV 
dere starch scented, and which may be procured of any druggist' ' 

wat :.sM i^b ;'•' '" T"'" r ''''''' ''''' ^P°"^'"^ ^'-' -^'' -in 

R 1 " ' ""' "^ """'■■" ' "' ^''^" ^^"tly pat t'.e parts with it 

totheTamoHn^'^r"/'""-^ T '''''''''' °^^""^ '^ ^^^ -"* °^ -ter- 
to the uant of an abundance of water. An infant who is well bathed everv 

-ommg seldom sufTers from any of the numerous skin diseased ^ 
TREATMENT OF A GROIN RUPTURE 
A groin rupture can also be permanently cured, if properly attended to 

w rm : : tiraTh' " 'T ''' '°^^" ''-' '""^^ ''' aLmrandln 
1 n T ''"'" ^''''" ""^' P'*'^'^^ ^^^'^ the rupture. Bandaee 

down well. Continue treatment until rupture is well healed. ^ 



iNF^xrs-.txD now to care t-on them 

HYGIK.VIC URESS FOR AN INFANT 



«3 



old^hT! n"^"''",'^ ""f''' '" ""' ^^^•■" ""♦" ''^'^ •^'"'^J '^ "Tce month- 
old t should be moderately. I.ut not tightly apphcU. If ,i,.ht it in.crfc s 
with the necessary movement of the bowels ""tritrts 

flanlerisT^'beTr"; """" '" ""'^ "' "'^^ ''''' Roods-Canton 
nannei . the be.t we have at prcsrnt-ct.t princess, reaching from the 

ne k to ten „Khes (twenty-five in.hes long) below the feet, "ith see 

to the wnsts. and having all the sean.s smooth, and the hen. at tie 7^^^^ 

wnst and botton, upon tl,e outside- the latter turne.l over once a m^ f e i 

or cat.st.tched-a tie and button behind. Here you have 

fleec...,e,| garment, comfortable and healthy, and o.;e that can be washed 

the n ck to twelve o. fourteen inches below the feet-to cover the other 
-w, h generous armholes pinked or scalloped, bt.t not boun.l. and with 
^vo uttons behind at the neck, and may 1. end.roid.red at p" III 
The dress cut pnncess to match the other garments is preferable 

sleev ""nd'tr"'' ''"'" 'V'"^ '^^"^'" '"^°^^ dressing-sleeve within 
slee^e-and hen put over the little one's head at once and buttoned 

be md. an the babj is dressed, there being but one pin-, diaper .i- 
n baby s dress mstead of fifteen. Ko shoulder blanket should be used 
because u . sometimes over the head, sometimes about the should::!; 
and neck, and sometimes oflf entirely, and these changes are exposures 
Accustom the little one from the first to go without it ^■^P^^"'-^^- 

At mght the dress should be simply a Canton flannel nightdress and 
cbaper and a belly-band-the dress being not unlike the under garmenn 
the suit, only a little longer. i,«*rmeni m 

A WORD TO YOUNG MOTHERS 

nlinl f " ." '" '"^' ^"" '^"^ ^"^' ^°° cumbersome. It is really 
pamful to see how some poor little babies are weighted down with a weight 



214 



INFANTS-AND HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 



5' 



of clothes. They may he said to bear the burden, and that a heavy one 
fron, the very commencement of their lives. The clothing should be 
warm, wuhout being ,00 warn,. The parts that ought to l.e k ".varrn 
are the chest, bowels, and feet. If the infant is delicate es, ecial Iv i , 
ject to inflan,ma.ion of the lungs, he ought to t! „" ^^ .^ j 
h,rt, winch should be changed frequently. The dress sLdd b 
loose, so as to prevent any pressure upon the bloodvessels, which votdd 

the parts It ought to be loose about the chest and wais, so that the 
ungs and heart may have free play It should be loose about he stomac' 
o that d,gcs„on may no. be impeded; it ought ,0 be loose about the 

Lt "., , ''f"f "« ""Portance of putting on a bandage modera.elv 

without hmdrance. through the arteries and veins- it ourh, .„ 1 ? 
everywhere, for nature delights in freedom from r«tr n.^ ^^^^ 
sooner or later, any interference. Oh, that a mother would tak ommon 

many a httle suffere- to be throw „ into convulsions. 

W hen an mfant is sent out for exercise in the winter time, be sure that 

ck-Tn rr th'^""*"' " "'"' ""'" '"= '""'' =■ ■="'"=<' ™-* d 

from' his talLrlr,'' " T'' ~'''' =" ^'""' °^" ="■ "^ "'" *=" come 
from Ins walk refreshed and strengthened, for cold air is an invigorating 

WHEN TO PUT INFANTS IN SHORT DRESSES 

is a,'';h'!'e„T„rr "" "^I" '™' "'°'' *°"'="'"« = "^^'" ^^ ^ - ^aned, 
.s at he end of two months: in the winter, at the end of three months 

tn I'ti ':,::fof'; ™ '"t '"""" '° '- '- •"= ^p-'-^- ■- '• "^ "^"-<. 

nd some til i '\"V""^ " "'"'">' '"^ ">'"« -'' treacherous; 



INFANTS-.IXD HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 



215 



DIET OF AX IXFAMT 



"a e Dccn intended hy nature to cleanse the system of the h-iI,o I „. 

V. .n. ...ere i., ,,0 „a, ,„i,, a, n... .„c ve,v L „, .t'!;:;' o. o ', I: 

require artihc al food for nt ]on<t f„. i i ' ""^ 

t e, not onh as it ,s a more natural way than any otiler of feeilinr •, 



2i6 INFANTS— AND HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 

sometimes slow, but none the less sure. Use the red or the black nipple 
instead. 

HAND-FED CHILDREN 

Much of the mortality following hand-feeding may be traced to unsuit- 
able food. Among the poorer classes especially there is a prevalent notion 
that milk alone is insufficient; and hence the almost universal custom of 
administering various farinaceous foods, such as corn flour or arrowroot, 
even from the earliest period. Many of these consist of starch alone, and 
are therefore absolutely unsuited for forming the staple of Jiet, on account 
of the total absence of nitrogenous elements. Reason as well as experi- 
ence, abundantly proves that the object to be aimed at in hand-feeding 
is to imitate as nearly as possible the food which nature supplies for the 
new-born child, and therefore the obvious course is to use milk from some 
animal, so treated as to make it resemble human milk as nearly as may be. 
As soon as the child begins to cut his teeth the case is altered, and 
farinaceous food, with milk and with water, becomes an absolute necessity. 

ARTIFICIAL FOODS 

After a child begins teething any of the following foods may be given: 
The food that suits one infant, however, will not agree with another. The 
one that I have found the most useful is made as follows: Boil the crumb 
of bread for two hours in water, taking particular care that it does not 
burn, then add only a little loaf-sugar (or b jwn sugar, if the bowels are 
costive) to make it palatable. Mix a little new milk — the milk of one cow 
with it — gradually as it becomes older, increase the quantity until it is 
nearly all milk, there being only enough water to boil the bread; the milk 
should be poured boiling hot on the bread. If the child is still nursing it 
sometimes so happens that the two milks — the mother's and the cow's 
milk — do not agree. In such a case, leave out the milk, both in this and in 
the foods following, and make the food entirely with water, instead of 
w-ith milk and water. \\"hen weaned, good fresh cow's milk must, as pre- 
viously recommended, be used. 



INFANTS— AXD II Oil' TO CARE TOR THEM 



217 



FOOD NO. 2 

Cut thin slices of bread into a basin, cover the bread with cold waici 
place it in an oven for two hours to ijake; take it out, beat the bread up 
with a fork, and then slightly sweeten it. This is an excellent food. 

FOOD NO .1 

Another good food is the following: Take about a pound of Hour, 
put it in a cloth, le it up tightly, place it in a saucepanful of water, and 
let it boil for four or five hours; then take it out, peel ofT the outer rind, 
and ' e inside will be found quite dry, which grate. 

FOOD NO 4 

An excellent food for a baby is baked crumbs of bread, prepared as 
follows: Crumb some bread on a plate; put it a little distance from the 
fire to dry. When dry, rub the crumbs in a mortar, and reduce them to 
a fine powder, then pass them through a sieve. Having done this, put in 
a slow oven, and bake until they are of a light fawn color. A small quantity 
of the boiled or baked flour, or the baked crumbs of bread, • '..ght to be 
made into food, in the same way as gruel is made, and should then be 
slightly sweetened, according to the state of the ' owels, either with loaf 
or brown sugar. 

FOOD NO. 5 

The following is a good and nourishing food for a l)aby: Soak 
for ai. hour some best rice in cold water, strain and add fresh water to 
the rice, then let it simmer till it will pulp through a sieve: put the pulp 
and the water in a saucepan, with a lump or two of sugar, and again let 
it simmer for a quarter of an hour; a portion of this should be mixed with 
one-third of fresh milk, so as to make it of the consistence of good cream. 
This is an excellent food for weak bowels. New milk should be added 
to any of the above articles of food, in a similar way to that recommended 
for boiled bread. 



2l8 



INFANTS-AND HOIV TO CARE FOR THEM 



FOOD NO. 6 

The following is a good food when an infant's bowels are weak and 
relaxed: Into five large spoonfuls of the purest water, rub smooth one 
dessert-spconful of fine flour. Set over the fire five spoonfuls of new 
mdk and put two bi^ cf sugar into it; the moment it boils, pour into it 
the flour and water, and stir it over a slow fire twenty minutes 

U here there is much emaciation. I have found genuine arrowroot a 
very valuable article of food for an infant, as it contains a great deal of 
starch. w-^i,ch helps to form fat and to evolve heat; both of which a poor 
emaciated, chdly child stands so much in need of. It must be made with 
equal parts of water and of good fresh milk, and ought to be slightly sweet- 
ened with loaf sugar; a small pinch of table salt should be added to it 
Arrowroot wdl not only give bone and muscle; but it will give-what is 
very needful to a delicate child-fat and warmth. It is principally com- 

"gar. od and tat. Arrowroot should always be given with new milk 
(rn.xed wuh one-half of water); it will then fulfill, to perfection. theTxi^e" 
ces of nounshmg. of warming, and fattening the child's body. ^ 

THE FOOD OF FOODS 

New milk is the only food, which of itself alone, will nourish, and warm 
and fatten. It .s. for a child, par excellence, the food of foods' 

Arrowroot, and all other farinaceous foods are. for a child, only sup- 
P emental to mdk. Bear in mind, and let there be no mistak; abou U 
tlm fannaceous food ,s not suitable for a child until he begins to cut his 

I have given a large and well-tried infant's dietary to choose from, as 
It IS sometnnes d.fficult to fix on one that will suit; but remember, if one 
of he above agree, keep to it. as a babe requires a simplicity in food-a 
chdd a greater variety. ^ j 

A small quantity of sugar in an infant's food is requisite, sugar bein<. 
no„nsl,u,g and fattening, an.: causing eo„'s n,ill< to rese.nble somewliat 



MFA.XTS-A.\'D HOW TO CARE FOR THEM j,, 

sour belchings and wind. ^'gestion, produces ac.d.ty, 

DENTITION AND ITS DANGERS 
The period at which dentition commences is uncertain T. 

children, does no, co.„,e„c !: .heTa™ ^ a S",l ""' '" =™= 
01.. and, in .are cases, no. un.il ,l,ev a cX e , .s ^ T " '"^ '"" 
recorded of adul.s „ „o have never e'm anv .ee.l, ' "' "^" 

.™r:;r;::7.s'.trr[a:.:^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^-r^ -■' -^ -^^ 

tan. period of a child's life an, is ,T " "" ™" '"P"- 

di^ases. Dunn,; is oerfod 1, """"^ ''"'" °' """>' '"'^"'"= 

y pamy tnere is m the nervous system, and how suscentihle th. ,.^ 
are to pain, no surprise can be lelt ^f thl ■ ^iisceptible the young 

ness, flatulence acidi.v etc • .he 1,0.^,1 , ' """"« ''""■ 

costiveness and a. ano I, .i' J , ! *' .'"f'^;"^ ^"^!''^' ^' -= '-e 

cr lime purging, the skin, causing eruptions. 

HELPS FOR DENTITION 

taJlrinr .he'l" ^r' "', ■'" '""''' ™* '™" '"'"i-S' 
-.-e,ieWn.X...J:— ---^--.^.en 



220 INFANTS— AND HOIV TO CARE fOR THEM 

deaths in cities from teething is large, in the country it is comparativelv 
trifling. ' 

Should an infant be purged during teething, or any other time, I should 
look upon the relaxation as an effort of nature to relieve itself. A child is 
never purged without a cause; that cause, in most instances, is the pres- 
ence of some undigested food, acidity, or depraved motions, and no astrin- 
gent medicine should be given. The better plan is to give laxatives such 
as either olive oil, and thus work it off; apply also to the abdomen. If we 
lock up the bowels, we confine the enemy, and thus produce mischief. If 
he is purged more than usual, attention should be paid to the diet and care 
must be taken not to overload the stomach. 

A child is subject to a slight cough during dentition, which is an effort 
of nature to bring up any secretion from the lining membrane of the 
lungs, or from the bronchial tubes, hence it ought not to be interfered 
with. 

DRIBBLINC BIBS 

A child who is teething dribbles, and thereby wets his chest, which fre- 
quently cauces him to catch cold. The best remedy is to have in readiness 
several flannel dribbling bibs, so that they may be changed as often as they 
become wet; or, if he dribbtes very much, the oiled silk bibs may be used, 
instead of the flannel ones. 

A child, during teething, should have little fruit, unless it is a roasted 
apple, the juice of five or six grapes— taking care that he does not swallow 
either the seeds or the skin— the inside of ripe gooseberries, or an orange. 
Such fruits, if the bowels are in a costive state, will be particularly useful. 

TREATMENT FOR CONVULSIONS 

If teething causes convulsions, the first thing to be done is to freely 
dash water upon the face, and sponge the head with cold water. As soon 
as warm water can be procured, put the child into a warm bath of 98 
degrees Fahrenheit. If a thermometer is not at hand, plunge your elbow 
into the water; a comfortable heat for your elbow will be a proper heat for 
the infant. He must remain in the bath for a quarter of an hour, or until 



INFANTS-AXD HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 



22 1 



the fit is at an end. The body must be wiped with uarn,. ,Irv coarse 

g e h.m the following: A tea .nade of camomile blos.un.s steeped in 
a httle water, stra.ned and sweetened. Dose. . teaspoonfuls everv 3L mi 
utes or more .f he craves it. Cold water .should be Applied to the' lid. 

vuls.ons ,s perfectly msensible to all pain whatever; indeed, a return to 
consciousness speedily puts convulsions to the rout. 

THE BABES BEST GIM STICK 

hi. tY^"! ' ^n^'^' u '""'"^ ''■' ''''^' '^'''' '' "" "'^J^'^ti"" to his sucking 
h.s thumb. The thumb is the best gum-stick in the world: it is conven 
tent; .t .s handy (in every sense of the w„nl): it is of the right size, and of 
^he proper consistence, neither too hard nor to<. soft: there is no danger 
as of some artificial gum-sticks, of its being swallowe<l. and thus of^ts 
chokmg the chdd. The sucking of the thumb causes the salivarv glands to 
pour out their contents, and thus not only to moisten the dry mouth but 
assist the digestion; the pressure of the thumb eases the pain an.l irritation 
of the gums, and helps to bring them through the gums. Sucking of the 
thumb wil often make a cross infant contented ami happv. and will fre- 
qnently induce a restless babe to fall into a sweet, refreshing sleep After 
he l^s cut the whole of his first set of teeth, if it is likely to become a 
habit, he may be readily cured by making a paste of aloes and water an<l 
smearing it upon his thumb. One or two dressings will suffice, as after 
tasting the bitter aloes he will take a disgust to his former enjoyment, and 
the habit will be broken. 

ERUPTIONS DURING DENTITION 
A child while teething, is subject to eruptions, more especially behind 
the ears-which ,s most disfiguring, and frequently verv annoving \nnlv 
no external application. If the breaking-out were repelled, either convul'- 
sions or bronchitis, or inflammation of the lungs, or water on the brain, 
would be the consequence. The only plan to adopt, be more careful in 
diet, give him less meat (if he is old enough to eat animal food) 




i2i 



LMFANTS-AND HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 



EXERCISE FOR AN INFAXT 

I am a great advocate of exercise in the open air. "The infant .nakes 
known .ts des.re for fresh air. by restlessness; n cries, for it cannot speak 
ns wants: .s taken abroad, and is quiet." The age at which an infant 
ought to commence takmg exercise will depend upon the season and the 
weather. If m summer, and the weather fine, he should be carried in the 
open a.r. a week or two after birth, but if it is winter, he ought not on 
any account be taken out under a month, an.l not even then unless the 
weather .s m.ld for the season, and during the middle of the dav. At the 
end of two months he should breathe the open air more frequent'ly After 
the exp,rat.on of three months he ought to be carried out everv day. By 

anZl "\"-?' '■" '^'""^ "^'' '""'■^>'- ^"^ ^'- ^'- ^'^i" ^'-t mottled 
ZZIZ^ " '° characteristic of health. He must, of course, be 

I must express my disapprobation of smothering an infant's face with 
a ve.1, or any other covering when taken into the air. If his face is so 
muffled up, he may as well remain at home. It is impossible for him to 
receive any benefit from the invigorating effects of the fresh air 
00,.."""''^ encouraged to use muscular exertion; and for this pur- 
pose, he ought to be frequently laid upon a rug. or carpet, or the floor 
where he can stretch his limbs and kick about with perfect glee He crows 
w.th dehght. and thoroughly enjoys himself; it strengthens his back i 
enables lum to stretch his limbs, and to use his muscles, and is one of ihe 
best kmds of exercise a very young child can take. \\'hile going through 
tins exerc.se h,s diaper should be unfastened, in order that he may be 
untrammeled. By adopting the above plan the babe quietlv enjovs him- 
self-h,s bram .s not over excited by it. This is an important considera- 
tion for both mothers and nurses are apt to rouse an.l excite very youn^ 
children to their manifest detriment. A babe requires rest, and not excite 
ment. In the early period of his existence his time ought to be almost 
entirely spent in sleeping and in nursing! 

Some mothers or nurses amuse their children by tossing them. Can 




LITTLK ONES WHOM THE AUTHOR ATTEXDED AT BIRTH 
The above happy group 



Natal Cult., 
lendy's babi 



re and Painless Farturit 
■ are all health 



presents tho results 



ion as set forth 



y and happy. The mothers e.,i.al| 



s accuniptished bv "Fre- 
in this book. Dr. Me- 



IXRIXTS-.iXD now TO CARE rOR THliM ^5 

anything l,c- ,norc cruel or al,s.,r.|' \i.,l,„, , ..f a snnu^ 1,,... 

OUK.U never .0 ,.e alio..,: iH.s ..cen .noun t.. ..ri.!; on;C!;.r 
WARMTH RI'QIIRKD BY A\ INFANT 

warm "ntT'll '""","'"•"" '" '"' ''"' "■""""»•">■ "rn,. I„„ ,„„ v„v 

xj':^:;!;;;';:rr:;;::;':;;rr;:!:.:;7> -""■' 

An unvonflatcl room so,,,, l,eco„,.s f„„| „,„, „„|,e-,|, ,v , """'""'■ 

..- «oH... ..o.„ .„■„„.„ „„ ,„„„, „,„ ,.,,,„,,::';;:;;;';•;,,;: ;;-;-;,; 

A bahc ought not to sleep alone from the f.rst snv fnr ... r r 

niflammation of the eves In -nn.L • '«'"• '^ '" M^nu-tunes l.nngs on 

I "II ui Wit tjes. In speaknirr tf), anc 11 notii-in.r ., 1 1 

CH^Htal.a.tostancM.rore.an..„otLu.nunjrr 

MISCELLANEOUS SUGGESTION'S FOR CARE OF INTAXTS 

I do not approve of rocking an infant to sleen it ti, , 

are observed, he .ill .eep so.l,|, and LIUk :it,' :: :;: ^^ 

are not. the rocking might cause him to fall into a feverish I i m ^ " '' 

or. but not into a refreshing, calm sleep. Besides :^.:;: ^ i;;;' 

he will not go to sleep without it. ' ^ '''"^• 

If the head of the crib is covered, the babe cannot breathe fr..l .. 

™- Have .He ,„„ He,.fi, o, .„. H „, .."e'^^::" LV,;, •';„;:,: :; 



226 



WFASTS^AXD llOll' TO CAKli lOU THLXt 



luo ought to be frequently left slightly open, so that the air of the apart- 
•Iraugh*. If the rt.es annoy him while he is asleep. let a net veil be thrown 

;;:::.J::cl::r " "^ "- ''-''' ''-''- ^^--^^ -^- ^- - ^-^^^ 

h.iBITS OF NEATNESS 

A babe of three months a.ul t.,.war.l. ought to be taught to use the 
chamber and not the napkin for the purpose of moving the bowe e 

oug to be held over one at least six tin,es during the fwentvfo Lu^ 

cleinha itt^ Tl ^ ^'^^"'^"^"'"-a.ul be would be inducted into 
clean hab,ts^-a blessmg to himself, a comfort to all around, and a great 
sav mg of dresses and of furniture. Teach the chihlren to be clean Vn 
unclean ch.ld is the mother's disgrace. Napkins should brted each 
.me after .he babe has urinated upon them. They a e eal er anl 
sweeter m every way. It generally pr^ts chafing. ^ 

TREATMENT FOR CHAFING 

au^r «x:;:^rir • "" "■=" -"-^ ""■■ — ->' 

ENEMAS FOR INFANTS 

If an infant's bowels are habitually costive trv the eff^rfc «f 
.«.er en^a. Le. three or four, or eten ™ore .II, pVo" t^dC 

r„ei^: f' ? '"'"" "' "■'™ "•='" ^^ a,imi„iLred. I, helm 
enema doe, no, have the desired effect, let a second, a third, or even mo 

l.e used as no harm can ,«ssibl.v arise from so simple a remedT Z 

efrec, of an enema ,s simply to wash qnt the l.o,vels-to remove any offend 

'", mot,on pent „p therein, and it does not at all interfere ethe/Uth^e 



=::::.:::;i:;;;;r::r-'- 

»nn.i,„ „ J,:: :;i ^^:';:;;;;''; ^ >-'f;-^ ;--.vo bo,„.„. 

f.o„,c,„ n l,al.. „„.akc,, i„ .l.c,™ „'"'"' "' ''"''' -"" '"= 
.ncreasi„K ,|,e ,|„anti,v a, he J n ""' '"""""K "' '"^ '''•■■■ 

FLAnXKXCK OR WIN,, ,,v tiir .sTOXUCfr 

'ooIt;;:™:^;:rr:;;-::^r';::'''Tr^: —wia, 

'- .iatulcce i, Sa|.voia.i, J.1 :, ' T' l''^' '"■' ■"'■' -"'■-< -...cli., 
•ITCO ounces of „a.cr. Or a , ,' ' ,i, /' T""" "' "'"^ '"^"' >" 

foo<l-hal(a,easpoo„f„,of,ii, IV Or VT'" ,""'• '' ' •■■•' '" ""-• 

a-i two l„mps of sugar: rul, ihen, „.n '" " ''"'''- "' '"' "' '"'I- 

'Irop lo- ,lr„„, ,„ree ,al„ spoon | J '" " '"""" '"^"""''^ '"- a-M. 
a boule for use. A .easp^rf^ 1 ,,1 'O' "'"^ '^' " '- P-.ervcl in 
to each ,,„an,i,,. of food Or hrVe , '' "" '"'■ '"■'> ''>■ "'I'M 

™y he hoiW L ten l,«e; nTteZT:, f "' ''""'" '••'""•'>■ --'» 
Oneor,„o.easpoo„fnlsof thecara,', "'■""■ ""' ""■■" ^'"""••'l- 

of Lis foo.l, or a .lose of rh 'arh Tn^ ' ' '" ""^^ '" """''' '" »'" 'I'-i.v 

nteans o, ,He .arm hand, over , he ,:;,'"> r ''''";'" ' """■■• ">• 

rurn„,g the child over on his bowels so! . , '^"l"™tly give relief. 

lap, will ofen afford great c I *' .^^ '^ "''' "T "" "' --■» 

ate ease in flatulence: it acts as a 1.1 . •''"""">' «"" """•<=■"■ 

Anothe. cxcellen remedy ,^^ZT '" "" '"""''■ 
•nel. folded into two or three L:.' I ' ' ..r.?;"^- '"'" ' "-- <" "an- 



tlry, and apply as hot 



• thicknesses, in warm 



as the child can comfortably bea 



water; wring it tolerably 



r It to the bowels. 



^^^, 



228 



INFAXTS-AND HOIV TO CARE FOR THEM 



then wrap him in a warm, dry blanket, and keep liim. for at least half an 
lour, enveloped in it. Under the above treatment he will generally soon 
tall mto a sweet sleep, and awake quite refreshed. 

HICCOUGHS 

Hiccough is of such a trifling nature as hardlv to require interference 
It may generally be traced ^o over-feeding. Should it be severe a tea- 
spoonful of water with a little sugar are all that will be necessary. 

INFANTILE DI.-\RRHa^.A, OR CHOLERA INFANTUM 

is one of the most frequent an<l serious of infantile diseases, and carries of¥ 
more children than any other complaint. 

Before describing the symptoms, it may be well to state that a child 
when well, should have from three to six motions in twentv-four hours' 
they ought to have a faint and peculiar. !,ut not a strong and' disagreeable 
odor. If there is a strong and disagreeable smell, the child is not well and 
the case should be investigated, i. ore especially if there are either curds 
or lumps m the motions; these latter symptoms denote that the food has 
not been properly digested. 

If the infant, instead of having from three to six motions, should have 
more than double the number, if they are more watery, if they become 
shmy and green, or green in part and curdled, if they have an unpleasant 
smell, ,f he ,s sick, cross, restless, and fidgety, if every time he has a motion 
he IS gnped and m pain, he is troubled with diarrhcea, and it will be wise 
to let Inm dnnk plentifully of camomile tea made from the blossom Put 
upon the abdomen hot fomentations of hops and a hot water bag to the 
feet. ** 

Should there be both blood and slime mixed with the stool the case 
becomes more serious: still, with proper care, relief can generally be 
qmckly obtamed. If the evacuations-instead of being stool-are merelv 
blood and slime, and t!)e child strains frequently and violentlv. endeavoring 
thus to relieve himself, crying at each effort, the case assumes the character 
of dysentery. Drink freely of camomile tea. keep the feet warm and take 



IXFANTS-AXD HOW TO CARE FOR THEM ,,^ 

of the syrup of rhubarb and v.agnesia a t.-,.poonful every hour Place 
also warm fomemations to f, , „vl u " 

excellent. ' '" "' sraartweed are tnost 

DIARRIKKA A.VD HOW lo TREAT IT 

The causes of iliarrlura arc improper foo.l over fc,.,ll„„ , ., • 
the mother's tnilk from various ca se .lisagr c^!,f ,,'""";"''''• 
out of l,cnl.l,, catiug „„sui,al,Io food, taki^Hn^o ,', , " '" '"'"*•' 

tives, or nursing „cr CilU .>,e„ s„c is' pregutu ' O .j t^ ^- 

HIVKS OR NETTLE RASH AM) ITS CrRF 

and many time on es a d '""""""" ""' " "">• "^"'^ ■••' "" ■«-' 

Place 1, „,„ ^ ■ '■=""""'"R o'l'y a short time in a 

j.^o,_.mes.osur;^re:r':::.rf:::;;s;r:^:: 

r;io::,;T;:rd:z;^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

and'"a:.:::ot;:'dt" 'Tr-""" t" '-" "■■^•^- ^ -^ ■""'' •^'•"-•■ 

ofpowdered bor« " *' '"'° ""'"' ''" '='" *'"™ ^ "^'-P-""' 



230 1M'\L\TS-AXD HOW TO CARE FOR THEM 

Stuffiness of the nose in a new-born babe may be prevented by rubbing 
a little tallow on the bridge of the nose. This is the old-fashioned remedy 
and answers the purpose. It ought to be applied every evening just before 
. puttnig hun to bed. If the stuffing is severe, dip a sponge in hot water 
as hot as he can comfortably bear; ascertain that it is not too hof then 
put It for a few minutes to the bridge of his nose. As soon as the hard 
mucus IS within reach, it should be carefully removed. 
THRUSH AND HOW TO CURE IT 
The thrush is a frequent disease in infancy, and is often brought on 
either by stuffing or by giving improper food. A child brought up 
entirely, for the f^rst three or four months, on the breast, seldom suffers 
from this complaint. The thrush consists of several irregular, roundish, 
white specks on the lips, the tongue, the inside, and the angles of the 
mouth, giving the parts affected the appearance of curds and whey having 
been smeared upon them. The mouth is hot and painful, and he is afraid 
to nurse; the moment the nipple is put in his mouth he uegins to cry. 
The thrush sometimes, though rarely, runs through the whole of the 
alimentary canal. It should be borne in mind that nearly every child, 
who is nursing, has the thrush at some time. It may be mild or very 
severe. 

Thrush is generally due to improper food. If the child is at the breast, 
keep him, for a time, entirely to it. Do not let him nurse continually, as 
that will not only fret his mouth but irritate and make sore the mother's 
nipple. 

If he is not at the breast, but has been weaned, then keep him for a few 
days entirely on a milk diet-the milk of one cow— either boiled, if it is 
hot weather, to keep it sweet, or unboiled in cool weather— fresh as it 
comes from the cow, mixed with lime water in the proportion of two parts 
of milk to one of lime water. 

The best medicine is the old-fashioned one of borax, a combination of 
powdered lump sugar and borax being a good one for the purpose; the 
powdered loaf sugar increases the efficacy and the cleansing properties of 



IXFAXrs-AXD HOir TO C.^RE fOR THEM ,„ 

The best lo.,l rcmcly is hontv ami borax, ivbich ourh. m I,. 

BABY'S FIRST STEPS 

-a sa:, a,K, .a.er, ^Z^^^M^Z^^^TT '"" ■""^- "'"■ 
waler. ,l,e„ lo, ,|,c,n bo .Irie.l '' '" " ''™" °' "'" 

tilings esscntiilK n.^ ' ^ '"^ '° '■*-^'"''"''^- '^'^'^ "^'^ f^"-" 

for his skin- nicmv of^fr^ 1 ' " " ' ''"'"'■'■ """"■■'>■ I''""-'' °' ™'' 

(giving hi,„ o •, '""'T:"'"' """< ""«'' "i"' "a.cr for his s,o,„ach 
n»n,h"; is i ™"J7"','' """"=: "- fi- ^■■- eight, or niAe 

dan eoo,e "an f^"''V"'" ■""'"' ^"™'^'^^>"''^^^^^ 

else beside tZITI ' ?■ '"'' '"°" '" ''' eo>«ed than angl,, 

.eatnin^eeX:;:::,; rahhitr *' ^" *^ ""'-- ■- •"' 



CHAPTER XVIII 
NURSING OF INFANTS 

AS MOTHERHOOD is the sweetest tliin- i„ tl,'e world, a mother 
l>lcsse(l with Iiealth and strength, an.l a good hreast of milk, would 
be most unnatural and cruel if she did not nurse her own child 
Those mothers who nurse and cherish their own offspring are not only 
more truly mothers, but they have a double reward in that, while thei'r 
children thrive and thus gladden their hearts, thev themselves are also 
very materially benefited. A mother, too. who dues not nurse her child is 
very hkely soon to be in the family way again. This is an important 
consideration, as frequent child-bearing is much more weakening to the 
constitution than is the nursing of children. Indeed, nursing, as a rule 
mstead of weakening, strengthens the mother's frame exceedinglv, and 
assists her muscular development. 

THE BREAST 

As soon as the patient lias recovered from the fatigue of labor— say, 
m about four to -six hour^attention ought, especially in a f^rst confine- 
ment, to be paid to the breasts. In the first confinement there is, until 
the third day. but very little milk; although there is usually on that day 
and for two or three days after^yard. a great deal of swelling, hardness, 
distension, and uneasiness of the breasts: in consequence of which, both 
care and attention are needed. Not only this, but there is frequently a 
degree of feverishness. which, in some cases, is rather severe, amounting 
even to .vhat is called milk fever. 

If there is milk in the breast, which may be readily ascertained bv 
squeezing the nipple between the finger and the thumb, the infant should 
at first be applied, not frequently, but at considerable intervals, sav until 
the milk is properly secreted, every four hours. When the milk Hows, the 
child ought to be applied more frequently, but still at stated times. 

232 



NURsixG or /.\7-. /.vr.9 -^^ 

_ To wash away any viscid mucus from the nipple, or anv stale perspira- 
tion. the breasts an.l nipples shoul.l he sponged with a ..ttic warm water 
and dried with a warm, soft napkin. Some infants are .so particular, tliat' 
imless the l.reasts are perfectly free from stale i.erspiration. and the nipples' 
from dned-up milk, they will not nurse. If after the al...ve cle-,n.in.r 
process, there is any difliculty in making him nurse, smear a li.tle crean^i 
on the nipple, and then inmiedialcly apply him to it. 




MILK-DL-CTS IN THE HUMA.N .MAMMA. 



If the hreasts are full. hard, knotty, and painful, which they generally 
are two or three days after a first confinement, let them be well but ten- 
derly rubbed every four liours. with the best olive oil or witli equal parts 
of olive oil an<l of eau de > ologne, which should be well shaken in a bottle 
everv time before usine. 



234 



NURSING OF INFANTS 



MILK FEVER 
=r. ?„"! !'","''''' ''''■• """' ''^"'"'y '"" = •"•'' confinemenl, the breasts 

P .w ce da'r T, "'"T" "' ' ""' "'''' '° "=« '"''" """n once 
Stores ■ ' "■' ''" """"'P' '" ""^ P"P°'' '°""d ^' =" drug 

If the breasts are more than usually large and painful in addition 

o ass, ,sK. i„ ,„ ,,„„ „,^,„ ^__„;,^ ,„^ Lsts:i: thetr 

>=.ls, J ou„5 cabbage leaves, „l,icl, shoul.l be renewed after each rubbing 
Before a„p,png .„e„,, the veins „f the leaves' should with a sharp k"fe 

the b east ought to be covered. The cabbage leaves will be found both 

cooling and comforting. 

While the breasts are full and uncomfortable the patient ought not to 
dnnk much fluul. as it encourages a larger secretion of milk. XX'hen the 
secretion of m.lk is at its height, she ought, during the day. to take: Tinct 
of acomte. 4 drops, in full glass of water. Dose. . teaspoonfuls every hour' 

The size of the breasts under the above management v ill soon de-' 
crease, all pain will cease, and the infant will, with ease and comfort, take 
the breast. 

SECOND AND SUCCEEDING CONFINEMENTS 

If the breasts are comfortable (which in the second and in succeeding 
confinements they probably will be), let nothing be done, except as soon 
as the m.lk cohies. at regular intervals, apply the child alternately to each 
of them. The child will, as a rule, be the best and the only doctor the 
bosoms require. 

ST.\TED TLME FOR NURSING 

After the babe has been oiled, he generally falls asleep, and sleeps for 
several hours. It is not necessary to arouse him from his slumber to give 
him sustenance-certainly not; the mother's milk is not always ready for 
him; but as soon as it is, he instinctively awakes, and becomes imporf,- 
nate, and ones until able to obtain it. Nature-beneficent Nature-if we 



NCRSJXG Of IMAMS 235 

will^ but fisten to her voice, will usually tell us what to do and what not 

A mother ought to nurse her babe at stated times. It is a bad habit to 
give the breast every time a c'.dd cries, regardless of the cau.e; for be u 
r nan ""r-";,T.'^'^^'">^- ^-'l^ing. -ind. or aculity-the breast is not 

too often-havmg hun almost constantly at the breast. This practice is 

mjunous both to parent and to child. During the first n.onth. tl,e child 

hould be nursed ai,out every hour and a half; the second month everv 

wo hours; gradually increasing, as he becomes older, the distance of tin>e 

between, until at length he has the breast about everv four hours If 

sTtCfilr '"'''"^ ^''""'''' ''' '"" ""'' '"""^ ^"^ '' '^ '^''''' ''"'''• ^"'' '>^ 
A mother frequently allows her babe to nurse a great part of everv 
night This plan ,s hurtful both to herself and the child; it weakens her' 
and thus enfeebles him; it robs them both of their sleep, and genera.es' 
bad habus. wh.ch will be difficult to break; it often gives the rnother a 
sore n.pple and the child a sore mcuth; it sometinies causes the mother to 
have a gathered breast, and fills the child with wind. It is surprisin<^ how 
soon an uifant may. by judicious management, be brought into'^good 
habits; It only requires, at first, a little determination and perseverance 

A mother should not. directly after taking a long walk, and while "in 
a state of violent perspiration, give her babe the breast; the milk beinjr 
at that time in a heated state, will disorder the chikrs bowels or it mav 
originate some skin disease, and one difficult to cure. She ought before 
givmg h.m the breast, to wait until the surface of her body be moderately 
cool, but not cold. Let her be careful not to sit in draughts. 

CLOTHING FOR NURSING MOTHER 

A nursing mother ought to have her dress ma<le loose and comfortable 
If not m the habit of wearing a flannel waistcoat, she ought at least to have 
the breast covered with flannel, taking care that there is a piece of soft 
hnen over the nipples. 



336 



NURSJXG OJ' JM'\4XrS 



DIKT Wlin.F, NTRSIXG 

Some persons consider that no care is rcc,i,ire(l in the selection of food, 
and that a nurs.ng mother may eat anything, he u ever so gross and 
unwholesome; hat if ue appeal to reason and facts, we shall be l,orne out 
m saymg that great care is required. It is well known that cow's milk 
partakes of the properties of the food on which the animal lives Thus 
If a cow .s fed on swedes, the milk and the hnttor will have a turnipy' 
Havor. This beyond a doubt, decides that the .uilk does partake of the 
quaht.es of the food on which she feeds. The same reasoning holds good 
in the human species, and proves the absurdity of permitting a nursing 
mother to eat anything and everything. Again, either a dose of purga 
tive med.cme or greens eaten at dinner, will someti.nes purge the babe as 
violently, or even more so. than the mother herself. .\ babe nursed by a 
mother w ho lives grossly is more prone to disease, particularly to skin dis- 
eases and to inflammatory comnlaints. and to diseases which are difficult 
to stibdue. On the other hand, a nursing mother, who lives on nourish- 
ing diet, yet simply and plainly, has usi,ally the purest, as well as the most 
abundant, supply of milk. 

ATTACKS OF DF.I'RI-SSION 

A mother who is nursing is at times liable to attacks of depression 
Let me strongly urge the importance of her abstaining from wine" and 
from all other stimulants as a remedy: they only raise the spirits for a 
time and then depress them in an increased ratio. Either a drive in the 
country a short walk, a cup of tea, cocoa or milk, or a chat with a friend 
IS the best medicine. Outdoor exercise during nursing cannot be too 
strongly urged; it is the finest kind of medicine both for babe and mother 
It ,s titlerly impossible for a nursing mother to make good milk unless 
she takes an abundance of exercise, and breathes plenty of fresh air 

Carriage riding, if the weather is hot and sultry, is'preferable to walk- 
ing; If that is not practicable, she ought to have the windows thrown wide 
open, and should walk about the hall, and the rooms. Although carriage 



Xi'RsiXG or ixr i\-Ts- 

exc c .. ,l„ri„j. intensely l,..t weather is preferable to walking exercise v.. 
^^.•^l<."g nu.st. .l„ri„. ...me portion of the ,Iav he nrncticM T ' 

sul-itute. as far as heahh is coneerne.,. f^r ullunr ' '" 

OCCt F'ATIOX 
I^^tn.,j^y .e.o,„,„en.l a „> .,:,. „,.,„er to atten.l to her househoM 

cratcl, occt p.ecl u.th son,ethin,. useful. She never looks so eharminr s 

'■cillln cluWrc, „f „,„ ,l,i„ff „i,|,i„ „„■ k„„„k.,lgo The \l„,irf„v k n 

respecter „r „er.,„s. , ,. ,„,, ,,„., ,„„, „,„^,^,„^„ ' ' '^ '^ " 

n '. wo.„a„ .„„l M is a ,„esse„ ,„i„, .., ,„ „„,,,., ,„ „,„,"',',; 

e>er jiese. „,a„Mn,l. .\„,„r, l,:,s „,„,ic oecipatio,, ,-, neeessi.v socie.v 
makes ,. a ,l„ly: lu,l,it may n.ake it a pleasure.' ' ^ 

TREATMnxT OF SMALL A.VD RETRACTE.) XIPpLES 

.I,eI!™,'r''V,"""\"' """' '■ "" ""'" «""' '""""^ »'-'''■ I'l^'cecl over 
le nipple. I l.ave known many niotl.ors able ,o nnrse .heir cl iWren will, 
ns nnen.,on. wl,„ chemise „onl,l have l,ee„ ol.lised .o h a„ 

.hem. or ,„ have procnre.l .he assis.anee of a we. n„L. Tl ^1^ "i 
... .he general .y „f ins.ances. „ill enahic .he infan. ,o „„r Uea ' 
Af. r ,h,s has heen used f.,r a ,i„,e, ,l,e nipples will he so hnprovcd as .o 
render llie continuance of i. nnnecessarv. 

Another simple way of .Irawing on.'the nipple is .o hold .he howl of a 
common clay p,pe ,„ew) over the nipple and .hen another person by 

nently develop the nipple. 

The following is an excellent remedy for retracted nipples- .\nnlv a 
zone of collodio,. an inch or two wide around the nipple_at the distance 
of half an nich. Tins has been found a very efficient remedy. The appHca- 



238 



M'RSIXG OP IXPANTS 



ti<'M .nay he made with a earners I,air hrnsh or with the finger. Collodion 
..s harmless i„ its cfTcct. a.ul can be applic.l often, till ,lcsirc<l result is 
attained. 

As soon as the nipple is sufficiently drawn out. the nipple shield should 
l>e .hspensed with. When the infant is not at the breast a metallic shield 
should be worn. Small, bad and sore nipples have, by wearing these 
•shields, frequently been .Irawn out an.l ma.le g.K.,I ones; the dress will 
suffice to keep them in their places. These shieMs are very cooling an.l 
healing: and serve to keep ofT ail pressure from the clothes;' they will fre- 
quently cure sore nipples when r.ther remedies have failed. 

T .T.MK.VT OF SOKK XIPI'LKS 
If a wx,man. during the latter months of ,,regnancy. were to adopt 
means to hanlen the nipples, sore nipples during nursing would not be so 
prevalent as they now are. .\ frecpient cat - of a sore nipple is a result 
of the babe having the thrush. It is foil, r .ttempt to cure the nipple 
without at the same time, curing the mouth of the infant. One of the 
best reme.Iies for a sore nipple is the following: Borax, one dram; pow- 
dered starch, seven <Irams. Mi.x. A pinch of the powder to be frequently 
applied to the nii)i)Ie. 

The following remedy for sore nipple is also very good: Finelv-pow- 
dered gum arabic. half an ounce; powdered alum, f^ve grains. Mix well 
together to make a powder. A pinch of it to be frequently applied to the 
sore nipi)le. 

There is nothing in either of the above nowders injurious to the infant 
therefore not necessary to be wiped ofif, before api,lving him to the breast' 
^ Indeed, the former one. as it contains borax, is likely to be of service b-rh 
in preventing and in curing the sore mouth of the child. 

Sometimes pure glycerine, with a few drops of tinct. of hvdrastin, 
painted on the sore nipple, does the most good. 

TREATMENT OF CR.^CKED AND FISSURED NIPPLES 
Sometimes the nipple is sore from having either cracks or fissures upon 
It. These cracks or fissures may attack any part of the nipple, but are 



^i-RS/XG OF /Xr.iXTS 
very apt t., form where tl.c nipj.Ic joins tlic l.rt-.sf k , . 

-ackcl an,I Hssurcl nipple is for .1 S,. 'T '"""'^ '"" ' 

•^"iel.I; nn.I everv time, iircc.lv -ft "tl": ' , """ """''' '' "'"'''^ 

-»...;,,,r;cr:;::::;:H;:^ti;;;::'^ '-• -' - "- 

GATHERED BREAST 

A healthy woman with a well-dcvelopcd brcist n,„l . , • . 

scarcely, if ever, has a gathered breast \ . H , ^ "''^'''' 

breast while nursing. " ""^ covering her 

A sore nipple is another fruitful cause of a gathere.I breast \ m n 
m consequence of the suffcrin.r h Mrr, i , . '"other, 

superficial par., and o„g,„ ,„ ,,e ,rca.o<i i' ,^,tj^l ^'7 ^ 

exten,a. gathering, with warm poultices In ,1 e ?„n c '' ""'" 

o< .athere. Breast, .He „o..erL, .i,, pt'e'rln riTtrctl! 



340 



Ni'RSlXC OP IXF.4XTS 



as the secreting' portion of the Ijrcast is not at all implicate.l in the gath- 
ering ; but in the severe form, she ought not to do so. hut should instantly 
wean her child from the affected side. Tlie healtliy breast she may con- 
tinue to nurse from. 

TRn.VTMf.XT OF G.\TIII.RI:d lUil'AST. 

A severe gathered l)rc:ist l^ always ii>herc(l in with a severe chill; the 
more severe the gathering, the longer the chill lasts. Let this fact be 
impressed deeply upon the mother's mind, as it ailinits of no exception. 
I his shivering is either accompanied or followed by sharp, lancinating 
pains. The breast now greatly enlarges, becomes hot. and is very painful. 
The milk in the affccte.l breast either lessens or entirely disappears. If the 
child is api)lieil to the breast (which ought not to be), it gives the mother 
intense pain. She is feverish and ill, she is hot one minute, and cold the 
ne.xt — feeling as though cold water were circulating with the blood in 
her veins; she loses her strength and appetite, and is very thirsty; she is, 
in fact. ill. 

If a doctor is suinmoncd at the very onset of the chill, he will probably 
be able to prevent a gathered breast. If twelve hours elapse after the chill 
has taken place, the chances are that the gathering caimot be prevented; 
although, even then, it may, by judicious treatment, be materially lessened. 

When once a woman has had the severe form of gathered breast, she 
ought, in all subsequent confinements, before nursing her babe, to obtain 
the express permission of the doctor to do so, or she may have a return 
of the gathered breast, and the concomitant i)ain, misery and annoyance. 
The reason of the above is obvious — the function of the breast, in a severe 
gathering, might be irrep.irably injured; so that, in all subsequent con- 
finements, the very attempt of nursing may, instead of inducing secretion 
of milk, set up inflammatory action, terminating in gathering of the breast 

again. 

TRE.\TMENT OF F.AINTING WHILE NURSING 

When a nursing mother feels faint, she ought immediately to lie down 
and take a little nourishment; a cup of beef tea with the yolk of an egg 
beaten in it, will answer the purpose extremely well. She is sometimes 



If 



(aim from nursing her chiUi of.ouT than f„„r h„„r, \ i 

a m,r,in„ n,.„h..r L "„ ^ ""'■'' ",' '""" '""" '■"""■"»• \Vha, 

..vchin,ar.hu.K,lf«.,,,„r wean h,m ;;,;;;;,,';' '"'"■ ""' -'"■ »' 

The Ics, laxative mc.linnc a nur.uii; „„„h,.r r,l:,- ,1 i 
be for herself a„.l her infa,,,, I, the h,™els , :, ' "'" "'" '' 
far the host ren,e.lv: v<.„ ean never ,l„ ,„ , ■'" "■"'•"'■' '' '•> 
.o th. babe. .,. the a,hnin.trati:, :,':,; ;;;;.„';;;""' '•"" "•' '"- - 




CHAPTER XIX 
WEANING 

THERE is an old saying, "That a woman should carry her child nine 
months, and should nurse him nine months." It is well known that 
the first part of the old adage is correct, and experience has proved 
the latter to be equally so. If a babe is weaned before he is nine months old 
he loses that muscular strength which the breast milk alone can give; if he 
is nursed after he is nine months, he becomes pallid, Jlabby, weak and deli- 
cate. It is generally recognized that the healthiest children are those 
weaned at nine months complete. Prolonged nursing hurts both child and 
mother; in the child, causing a tendency to brain disease, probably 
through disordered digestion and nutrition; in the mother, causing a 
strong tendency to deafness and blindness. 

TIME FOR WE.ANIXG 
The time when an infant should be weaned must depend upon the 
strength of the child, and upon the health of the mother; nine months 
on an average being the proper time. If the mother is delicate, it may be 
found necessary to wean him at six months: or if he is weak, or laboring 
under any disease, it may be well to continue nursing him for twelve 
months; but after that time the breast will do him more harm than good, 
and will injure the mother's health. If nursed after he is twelve months 
old, he is generally pale, flabby, unhealthy, and rickety: and the mother 
is usually nervous, emaciated, and hysterical. A child who is nursed 
beyond the proper time, more especially if there is any predisposition, 
sometimes dies either of water on the brain, of consumption, or of mesen- 
teric disease. 

HOW TO WE.AN AN INFANT 

The mother must, as the word signifies, wean the child gradually— that 
is, she should by degrees give him less and less of the breast, and more 

242 



IVEAXIXG 



243 



a l...le powdered aloes „i,h a few drops of la , „V ,,° """"^^ 
of Pas,c_a„d smeara little of it on the nipple eelitt f"""" 
tmg l,im ,0 the breast; this will be q.,ite eno.'l, , ' " """ 

applications to the nipple will ntake h„ a a di , 't:;;:: '"" ""'; 
.hns the weaning will be accomplished. A ,no h 1 | " 1 f" I T 
.he aloes will i„j„re her babe; the tninnte ,„a„ti , wi 1 ,: tdl ^ 
no harn,; for the moment he taster it. the aloes being .x re I- b iter" 
he will sputter it out of his mouth. cMremelj bitter. 

The best >vay of drjing up the milk gradually is to applv with th. 
hand a weak solution of camphor. "^ ^ "' "" 

SYMPTOMS DENOTIXG THE KECESSITY OF WE.ANING 
A mother sometimes cannot nurse her rhil,l .11,.,.. 
a train of symptoms somewhat sin, it ^ 'fo llol ' !' """ 7 
ears: dimness of sight, aching C the eyeballs, tltltg^re'lild'' n' 7 
vousness. hystencs, tremblings, faintness, loss of appetite dil, 
utterir^and palpitation of the heart, feelings of great'e'^hL Z , d ^ ! 
tion, costiveness. sinking sensations of the stomach, pains in the ef f f 
great weakness and dragging pains of the loins, „ ,i e , a v , ' 

creased whenever the infant is put to the breast; pallor of the on" 
shortness of breath, swelling of the ankles. "untcnance, 



344 



WEANING 



^ Every mother who is suflfering from nursing does not have the whole 
o the above long catalogue of symptoms! But if she has three or four 
of the more serious of them, she ought not to disobey the warnings, but 
should discontinue nursing; although it may be necessary, if the babe is 
not strong enough to wean, to obtain a healthy wet nurse to take her place 
or give him from the bottle cow's milk sterilized. 

If there is during any period of nursing a sudden and great diminu- 
tion of milk in the breasts, the chances are that the mother is again 
enciente; the child should be weaned. It is most injurious both to parent 
and to child, for a mother, when she is pregnant to continue nursing. 

RETURN OF MENSES AFTER NURSING 

Soon after nine months' nursing the monthly periods generally return. 
This is another warning that the babe ought immediately to be weaned, 
as the milk will lessen both in quantity and in nourishment, and the child 
in consequence will become delicate and puny, and every day he is nursed 
will lose, instead of gain, ground. 



CHAPTER XX 
CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 

LET a child's home be the happiest house to him in the world It is 
sad enough to see dismal, doleful men and women, but it is t u ly 

and as uToT' ^° "^-^ '°'^^"' ^'•''- ^""^ ^^""^ ^'^^'^ ^° '^ - >^ " 
in after years for sorrow and for sadness. 

Bright colors, plenty of light, clean windows, an abunc' nee of good 
o or d ^_^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ a.nishings'of 

m ^" . ?''^ ''^^■' '^^ '''^- "'""' ^^"« >'°" vvhat it ought to be- 
e ho of ch.ldhood-the most important room in the hou?e-a rol^ 

The , T ''""'" "' ^^^'^ ^»"^^^ ^°^ ^he remainder of his life 

take rr f ' '; '" '^^' ""^^^' ^" ^''^^ '^ -^^--^' '^ -"- one to 
take he drudgery off her hands. A nurse girl should be steady, lively 
truthful, and good tempered; she should be free from any natural imper-' 

reattl^elat^h ''"r,!?' ^^'""""^' '°^ ' ^^"^ '^ ^^^ - -'^^'-e 
natural. Ch Idren. hke babies, are quick at taking notice. What they 
see they mark, and what they mark they are very prone to copy. Never 
shou d the nurse be permitted to tell her little charge frightful stories of 
ghosts and hobgoblms; if this is allowed, the child's disposition will 
become t.m,d and wavering, and may continue so for the remainder of 

If children were not terrified by such stories, darkness would not 
fnghten them more than the light. The mind, thus filled with fear acts 
upon the body, and injures the health. A child should never be placed in 
a dark cellar, nor frightened by tales of rats. etc. Instances are related of 
fear thus mduced impairing the intellect for life, and there are numerous 
examples of sudden fright causing a dangerous and even fatal illness 

24S 



2^ 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



It is the little pleasures of a child that constitute his happiness. Great 
pleasures come Lit seldom, and are the exception, and nr/ the rule. 

NURTURED IN LOVE 

Let a child be nurtured in love. "It will be seen." says the author of 
John Halifax, "that I hold tins law of kindness as the Alpha and Omega of 
education. I once asked one. in his own house, a father in everything but 
the name, his authority unquestioned, his least word held in reverence, his 
smallest wish obeyed — 'How did you ever manage to bring up these chil- 
dren?' He said. 'By love.' " 

Let every word and action prove that you love your children. Enter 
into all their little pursuits and pleasures. Join them in their play, and be a 
chdd again. If they are cuv- us. do not check their curio.sity, but rather 
encourage it; for they have ,-. great deal— as we all have— to learn, and 
how can they kiiow if they are not taught? 

Does not almost everybody remember some kintl-heartcd man who 
showed him or her a kindness in the dulcet days of childhood? The writer 
of this recollects, at this moment, a barefooted girl, standing at the wooden 
fence of a poor little garden in his native village, while, with longing eyes, 
she gazed on the flowers which were blooming quietly in the brightness of 
the Sabbath morning. The jwssessor came from his little cottage. He 
was a wood-cutter by trade, and spent the whole week at work in the 
woods. He had come into the garden to gather flowers to stick in his 
coat for church. He saw the child, and breaking off the most beautiful of 
his carnations, gave it to her. Neither the giver nor the receiver spoke a 
word, and with bounding steps she ran home. And now here, at a vast 
distance from that home, after so many events of so many years, the feel- 
ing of gratitude which agitated the breast of that girl, expresses itself on 
paper. The carnation has long since faded, but it now bloometh afresh. 

Never allow a child to l>e teased: it spoils his temper. If he is in a 
cross humor take no notice of it, but divert his attention to some pleasing 
object. This may be done without spoiling him. Do not combat bad 
temper with bad temper—noise with noise. Be firm, be kind, be gentle. 



CHILDREX AND THEIR DISEASES 247 

be loving, speak quietly, smile tenderly, and embrace him fondlv but 
insist upon implicit obedience, and you will have, with God's blcsMug a 
nappy child. **' 

Speak gently to a child; speak gently to all; but more especiallv speak 
gently to a child. There must be neither snarling, nor snapping, no'r snub- 
bmg nor loud contention toward him. If there is it will ruin his temper 
and disposition, and will make him hard, harsh, morose and disagreeable. 

TEACH BY EXAMPLE 

Do not tell yon. child how wicked he is; what a naughtv boy he is; that 
God will never love him. and all the rest of such twaddle. 'Such conversa- 
tion, hke constant droppings of water, will make an impression, and will 
cause him to feel that it is no use to try to be good-that he is hopelessly 
wicked. Instead of such language, give him confidence in himself: rather 
find out his good points and dwell upon them; praise him where and when- 
ever you can; and make him feel that, by perseverance and by God's bless- 
ing, he will make a good man. Speak truthfully to your child; if you once 
deceive him. he will not believe you for the future. 

Have no favorites, show no p'artiality; for the young are very jealous 
sharp-sighted and quick-witted, and take a dislike to the petted one Do 
not rouse the old Adam in them. Let children be taught to be "kindly 
affectionate one to another with brotherly love;" let them be encouraged 
to share each other's toys and playthings, and to banish selfishness. 

BATH FOR CHILDREN 

A child ought not be bathed when in a state of perspiration, nor while 
he IS perspiring violently, ill consequences are apt to ensue. The blood 
would be sent from the skin to some internal vital part, and thus be 
hkely to light up innammation— probably of the lungs. As the summer 
advances, less and less warm water is required, so that at length none is 
needed. 

If a child is delicate, either a handful of table salt, or a half handful of 
sea salt, added to the water will prove strengthening. 



y 



248 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



Two warm batlis per week are quite sufficient for cleanliness. Tliese 
batlis should take place just before retiring. A cold sponge bath in the 
mornnig on arising is ahvays to be recommended. 

DRESS FOR CHILDREN 

Children, boys and girls, especially if they are delicate, ought always 
to wear h,gh dresses up to their neck. The exposure of the upper part 
o the chest IS dangerous. It is in the upper part of the lungs, in the region 
of the collar bones, that consumption f^rst shows itself. The clothing of 
the child, especially about the chest, should be large and full in every 
part, and free fron, tight strings, so that the circulation of the blood may 
not be unpeded, and that there may be plenty of room for the full develop- 
ment of the rapidly-growing body. 

The frock ought to be of woolen material— warm, light and porous 
m order that the perspiration may rapidly evaporate. The practice of 
some mothers in allowing their children to wear tight bands around their 
waists, and tight clothes, is truly reprehensible. Tight bands or tight belts 
around the waist of a c'-' *, are very injurious to health; they compress the 
chest, and thus interfere with the rising and falling of the ribs— so essential 
to the breathing. 

The chest, bowels and feet should be kept comfortably warm. We 
must guard against an opposite extreme, and not keep them too hot. 

It is a poor practice to cover over a child's head either with beaver, 
felt, or any thick impervious material. It is a well ascertained fact that 
both beaver and silk hats cause men to suffer from headache, and to lose 
their hair— the reason being that the perspiration cannot possibly escape 
through them. 

It IS a poor plan to lightly clad a child in order that he may be hard- 
ened. Instead of hardening, it would be likely to produce a contrary 
effect. It is an ascertained fact that more children of the poor, who are 
thus lightly clad, die, than of those who are properly defended from the 
cold. Again, what holds good with a young plant is equally applicable 
to a young child; and we all know that it is ridiculous to think of unneccs- 



m 





CORNELIA.-THE MODEL MOTHER. 

from school; and T 'se " s. d h. '.r """^"^''V"-*.' "" ''^"^ ^""^ returned 

.nother-s greatest orna^^eius are he/ chllr^' \vd^di,/ r" "'.''"•'^""^' '"^'^ =' 
the cu ture which uac h^«:t,„. ^ >.niiar<.n. Well did Coriicha s sons renav 

Hhere he fouJd^'' hf h' 'p . ,lr",;^^ev refl';"; ","'""' i^'"'^^'" ^-""'^ "'^- 

mother. j^"""*- «.<jit.tr tne> retlectcd trreat honor ijnon their 




THE BABY IN THE HOME, 
the fountains at which the angels drink '^ ^""^ ' Eirhu'B''urritt*'''^" 



CUILDREX AXD THEIR DISEASES ^53 

BAD EFFECT OF GARTERS 

During the winter he ought to wear woolen stockings that will reach 
above the knees. an.I thick drawers that will reach to th" shoe top 

^^a^n. Garters ought not to be worn, as they in,pe.Ie the circulation 
waste the muscles, and interfere with walkinr. %,/ . • ^"^<-"'''i'o». 

far better. \\'in walknig. Stockuig supporters are 

Shoes ought to be made acconling to the shape of the feet-rights an.I 
cus are therefore desirable. The toe part of the shoe must be mad 

broad, so as to allow plenty of room for the toes to expand, and that one 
oe cannot overlap another. This prevents corns and bunions, uhich 

annoy one all their lives. 

FOOD FOR CHILDREN 

As soon as a child has cut the whole of his first set of teeth, he can 
hav-e nothmg better than scalding hot new milk poured on sliced bread 
with a shce or two of bread and butter to eat with it. Butter, in modera- 
tion. ,s nounshing. fattening, wholesome, and tends to keep the bowels 
regular These facts should be borne in mind, as some mothers foolishly 
keep their children from butter, declaring it to be too rich for their 
chddren s stomachs. x\ew milk should be use<l in preference to cream or 
skim milk. Cream, as a rule, is too rich for the delicate stomach of a child 
and skim milk is too poor when robbed of the butter which the cream 
contains. But give cream and water, where new milk (as is occasionally 
the case) does not agree; but never give skim milk. Skim milk, among 
other evils, produces costiveness. Cream, on the other hand, regulates 
and tends to open the bowels. When a child has costive bowels, there 
IS nothmg better for his breakfast than well-made and well-boiled oatmeal 
mush. wLch ought to be eaten with milk fresh from the cow. You will 



354 



CIULDRES AXD THEIR DISEASES 




find cow's milk is valuable, i.ulced, an iiulispeiisable article of diet for the 
young; It IS most nourishing, wliolcsonie and digestible. 

Milk contains every ingredient to build up the body, which is more 

than can be sai<l of any other known substance. A child may live entirely 

ami grow, and beco.ne both healthy and strong, on milk, and on milk 

alone, as it contams every constituent of the human bo<Iv. A child c:innot 

"live by bread alone." but he might on milk alone. Milk is animal and 

vegetabk--it is meat and bread-it is food and drink- it is ,, fluid but 

as soon as it reaches the stomach, it becomes a solid—.. ;, a food- it is the 

most important and valuable article of diet for a child in existence. Young 

children, as a rule, are allowed to eat too much meat. It is a mistaken 

notion of a mother that they recpiire so much animal food. If more milk 

were given and less meat, they wouM be healthier, and would not be so 

predisposed to discasc.especially to diseases of debility.and to skin disease. 

EATf.VG BETWEEN MEALS 

If he wants anything to eat between breakfast or dinner let him have 
a piece of dry bread; and if he has eaten very heartily at dinner, and 
like Oliver Twist, ";..ks for more," give him a piece of dry bread to satisfy 
his craving. He will never eat more of it than will do him good, and yet 
he will take sufficient to satisfy his hunger, which is very important He 
should now have meat, either mutton or beef, for dinner, daily which 
must be cut up very small, and should be mixed with mealy, mashed 
potato and gravy. Let him be closely watched, to ascertain that he well 
masticates his food, and that he does not eat too quickly, for young chil- 
dren are apt to bolt their food 

With regard to vegetables— mashed potatoes ought to be his staple 
vegetable, but every now and then, cauliflower, asparagus, turnips and 
Lima beans should be given. With respect to puddings, vary them thus- 
Rice, one day; suet, another; batter, a third; tapioca, a fourth; or even 
occasionally, he might have apple, gooseberry or rhubarb pudding— pro- 
viding the crust is plain and light. It is an excellent plan, as I have 
before remarked, to let a child eat jam-such as strawberry, raspberry or 



CniLDREX ,l\l) Tin-.IR niSI.ASHS 9^t, 

gooseberry-ami that without stim. ether .,th rac ..r ui.h attcr pud. 

tn!!^"''"^ "I '"'' " ^^'^^ ^""^ ' ^"^"'''^ '' ^^"' «'-■ '"•" '•"-■•^•- '--• 
and Muew. and what .s very i.nportant. it will teu.l to regulate lu. bowel. 

and thus prevent the necessity of ,Mving him aperients. ' 

coffer'T!'""""' "'" '" '•" '■''''' "^ «'^"'« ^''^■"- ^••'"•''•<^" •^♦^''"K tea and 

nerv^^.s sv 't '""7 ? '""' ""^'"- '' "''^^ '"^'"'^^"•^O "'-" ""^' ''^•'--^0 
"c vot,s s>sten, and thus weakens their uhole fran.e. If n.ilk does n.t 

.-•gree give a cup of cocoa or '•cambric" tea and cofYec. 

RESPFXT A CHILOS AXTIPATHV FOR FOOD 

A child's antipathy to certain articles of diet should he reMncted- n 
.s a M„ and a sha.ne to force hin. to eat what he has a great di I.ke to" 
ch. Id sonjetnnes dislikes the fat of n.eat. underdone meat, the skm 'o 
bo ed m.lk and off rice pudding. XNhy should he not have his „ke, a,u 
cl.shkes as well as "chihlren of a larger grou.h".' Besides, there is an 
uhosyncrasy-a peculiarity of the constitution in son,e chil,lre.,-and 
.Nature pomts out what is good and what is bad fur them in.hvi.luallv an.l 
we are not to fly in the face of Nature. If a child is forced to eat' what 
he d.shkes ,t W.11 most likely disorder his stomach and bowels; food ,f it 
•s really to do hnn good, must be eaten by bin, with a reh-.b. and nn/uuh 
disgust or aversion. 

A child ought to commence to dine with his parents as soon as be , 
old enough to sit at the table, providing the father an.l mother ,In,e in th. 
nuddle of the day. It makes them little gentlemen and gentlewomen in a 
manner that nothing else will. 

AVOID bo\vf:d i,i;(;s 

A child ought not be encouraged to walk too earlv; let bin, barn to 
walk h,mself. It will be found that when he is strot^g enough, b. will 
ho Id by a cba.r and stand alone. When he can do so, and attempt, to 
^^alk, he should then be supported, lie will have the inclination as oon 
as he ,s strong enough, to walk. When he has the inclimtion .nd 
strength it will be folly to restrain bim: if '"^'-nafon and 



be has neither th^ 



mciination 



256 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



nor the strength, it will be absurd to urge him on. Rely, therefore to a 
certain extent, upon the inclination of the child himself. Self-reliance 
cannot be too early taught him. In the generality of instances, however 
a child is put on his feet too soon, and the bones at that tender age being 
flexible, bend, causing bowed and bandy-legs; and the knees, being weak 
approximate too closely together, and thus they become knock-kneed. 

GARDEN CULTURE FOR CHILDREN 

Let the amusements of a child be as much as possible out of doors- 
let him spend the greater part of every day in the open air; let him exert' 
himself as much as he pleases, his feelings will tell him when to rest and 
when to begin again; let him be what Nature intended him to be-a 
happy, laughing, joyous child. Do not let him be alwavs poring over 
books. He ought to be encouraged to engage in those sports wherein 
the greatest number of muscles are brought into play. For instance to 
play at ball, or hoop, or football; to play at horses, to run to certain dis- 
tances and back, and if a girl, to amuse herself with skipping rope, such 
being excellent exercise. 

Every child, where practicable, should have a small plot of ground to 
cultivate, in which he may dig and delve, and make dirt pies. Let a child 
be natural— let him. as far as possible, choose his own sports. Remem- 
ber, what may be amusing to you may be distasteful to him. 

When he is in the nursery or the playground let him shout and riot 
and romp about as much as he pleases. His lungs and his muscles want 
developing, and his nerves require strengthening; and how can such be 
accomplished unless you allow them to be developed and strengthened 
by natural means? The nursery is a child's own -domain; it is his castle 
and he should be Lord Paramount therein. If he chooses to blow a 
whistle, to spring a rattle, or to make any other hideous noise, which to 
him is sweet music, he should be allowed to do so. If anv members of 
the family have weak nerves, let them keep at a respectful distance. 

A boy not partial to mischief, innocent mischief, and p'av. is unnatural; 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES ^57 

he is a man before his time. The want of proper exercise ruins the com- 
plexion, and their faces become of the color of a tallow candle. 

SUNDAY BEST DAY OF THE WEEK 

Of luT' f"" '"f ' ^""''''>' ' ''''' °^ S'^^'"^ ^° ^his I n,t,st object 
Of all the days .n the week. Sunday should be the most cheerful and 
pleasant. It .s considered by the church a festival; and a glorious feth a 
• ought to be made, and one on which our Ileavenlv Father wi' s to see 
all H.S children happy and full of innocent joy Lt Sundl ., u 
l^acle . eheerful. joyous, innocently happy d;:and not '?. luy^ 
he most m.serable and dismal in the week. It is my firm con'v ct on 

Vn„ ., compelled, as cliiklren, to spend their Sundays 

can mat" H" "" ', ' '"'"' '''''"" '>' «'°°™>- -«'-'-• '»=„ you 
can make people good by an act of Congress 

There are now beautiful books for children-Bible stories that are 
ms rucve and interesting. Among these are -Easy St ps For Litt 
Fee,^ which w.ll prove a boon to mothers when the little folks are^Sred 

There is so much talk nowadays about useful knowledge that th. 
.mporjance of play and playgrounds is likely to be forgo en canno 

seems to be found out that in our zeal for useful knowledge that know^ 
edge ,s found to be not the least useful which treats boys as!c ive sHrr^J 
aspinng, and ready." ^ ^' 5^"^""&' 

THE KINDERGARTEN 

I heartily approve of Kindergarten Let the tinv .J,;i i u 
for on,, thtee ot ,o„t Hon. a da^-. and ,et :'Har,S the M^ ITaS 
as an amusement rather than as a labor ^ 

.0 ™a.e ,.o„r cKi,d a Cever c.,d ano^Tc:?,: ^o" 11^":^:: 
from th,s adv.ce, Bn.ld np a strong, healthy body, and in due tirthe 



258 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



brain will bear a moderate amount of intellectual labor. As I have given 
the mother so much advice, permit me, for one moment, to address a 
word to the father of the child: 

A child should be taught singing. I consider singing a part of his 
education. Singing expands the walls of the chest, strengthens and 
invigorates his lungs, gives sweetness to his voice, improves his pronun- 
ciation, and is a great pleasure and amusement to him. Besides, singing 
helps to develop the finer sensibilities, such as sympathy, love and all 
spiritual tendencies. 

GOOD AND BAD HABITS 

A young child ought to be put to bed in the evening, at six in the 
winter, and at seven o'clock in the summer. Regularity ought to be 
observed, as regularity is very conducive to health. It is a reprehensible 
practice to keep a child up until nine or ten o'clock at night. If this is 
done he will become old before his time, and the seeds of disease will be 
sown. 

As soon as he can run, let him be encouraged, for haif an hour before 
he goes to bed, to race either about the hall, or the landing, or a large 
room, which will be the best means of warming his feet, of preventing 
chilblains, and of making him sleep soundly. 

If a child sleeps alone, place him fairly on his back in the middle of the 
bed. A sweet little prayer, a good night kiss and a smile will send him 
off into dreamland with love for God and all the world. Why shouldn't 
his sleep be sweet? 

A bedroom ought to be darkened at night; a child sleeps sounder and 
sweeter in a dark than in a light room. There is nothing better for the 
purpose of darkening a bedroom than Venetian blinds. Remember, a 
well-ventilated, but a darkened, chamber at night. The cot or the crib 
ought not to face the window, as the light is best behind. 

POSITION WHEN ASLEEP 

The best position for a child when sleeping is on his side; he ought to 
be accustomed to change about on the right side one night, on the left 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 
another, and occasionally l,e should lie on his hack l!v -,,1 , ,■ , 
plan. >ou wil, no. only in.pcove his fi.nrc. h.„ ,i. ^i t hi",: "'ui'r 
n.g after n,gi„ i„ one position, is ap. ,0 n.aUe hin, cr'" Jl: '•""-'■ 

It a cold stable makes a healthy horse [ -.m .„.;. 
a.el.c.dand n-ventilatedhedrionXlplZ^^^^^^ 

..on .0, ^ readily pass .hro,„h a hlanke. ,l,a:!:r::i, "" ""''"- 

\ Child should be washed and dressed as .oon is I,p n i • . 
n>orni„,. , he .vakes in any.hi.,, ,ike rcasonahr.L:. l^Z^Z 

should be up every morn.ng as soou as i. i. Ugh,. „ he i. ,,,1„ , 
early .. will make hi,n an early riser for life, .aud will .c, < " M , " 
long both his existence an.l his happiness. '' ' '" I'™' 

SECO-N'D DEN'TITIOM 

A child commences to cu. his sccon.l se. of .ecth eeneriMv , I 
about seven years old. He begins to cut them at abo ^'^ ^^ 
should be borne .n mind .hat the second crop of .ecib ,• , 
acnally bred and formed from the very co,Z,:e , ^ tf 1 s^l Tnde': 
Ihe fir.. .,er of .eeth, but which remain in al.evance for vear an 1 d 
come mto play until the first teeth, having done tl d I , " ° 

'all out, and .bus make room for .he more uumero, larg Z;. oZ :n"d 
n»re permanen. .ee.h. winch have .0 las, for .he rcmain.le'rtf if :; ' 
ence. The first se. ,s sometimes cut with a great deal of .lifiicultv a 1 
produce., vanous diseases; the second con.e easily, a„,l are .ml'com 
pan,ed w,t any disorder; yet for the sake of good, soun.l .eeth, wl i e .Z 
are be,ng formed the chil.l should be fed mos.ly on entire wheat bred 

craktrrr -'^ <" - ^-'- - - -- -■ .iroS 

I w-ould recommend you .0 pay particular attention to the teeth of 
our chtldren; or, besides .heir being ornamen.al, .heir regu a i v am 
soundness are of grea. impor.ance .0 heal.h. If .here is a„v' reg„ a rty 



26o 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



in the appearance of the second set, lose no time in consulting an experi- 
enced and rehable dentist. '^ 

In all the prescriptions given below for child diseases I have endeav- 
ored to rnake them as simple as possible, and have avoided reco ., n i" 
powe^u drugs. Complicated prescriptions and powerful medicines oug u 
to be seldom guen and when they are. should only be administered by a 
ud.aous doctor. A child requires much more care and gentleness in hi 
reatment than an adult; indeed. I often think it would be better to leav 
a chdd to nature rather than to give him large doses of medicine. 

WATER ON THE BRAIN-SYMPTOMS AND CURE 

vearYolcrir '"' '"'" " ? '""'" °' '''^''^°°'= ''''' ' ^»^''^ - -ven 
Jhh '^^•V°"'P"''"''"^'y '^''- ^' "^^"-^ f'-equently attacks delicate 

chddren-chddren who have been dry-nursed (especially if they have bee 
improperly fed), or have been nursed too long, or have had consumpt 
mothers, or have suffered severely from teething, or are naturally of a 

nflammar''"?". )'^'^" °" ^'^ '"'" ^^'"^^""^^^ ^°"°- - ^"ack of 
mflammat,on of the lungs, more especially if depressing measures have 

been adopted. It occas.onally follows in the train of contagious eruptive 

of uater on he bram mto two stages. The first-the premonitory stage- 
wh,ch lasts four or five days, in which medical aid can be of great avail- 
death'" ' '''^' '' '""""'" "' °' coma-which usually ends in 

If the child is feverish and irritable, if his stomach is disordered if he' 
has urgent vomitings, or a foul breath, if his appetite is capricious and 
. bad >f h,s n,ghts are disturbed (screaming out in his sleep), if his bowels 
are disordered more especially if they are constipated, if he is more than 
usual y excted, ,f his eyes gleam with unusual brilliancv. if his tongue 
runs faste: than it is wont, if his cheek is <^ushed and hi's head hot, and 
.f he IS constantly putting his hand to his head there is cause for suspicion 
If to these symptoms is added a more than usual carelessness in tumbling 
about, m hitching his foot in the carpet, or in dragging one foot after the 




For Treatment of Above See Chapter ..Ch.ldren a„U Th n 

Fic. ; C'fii, k>-n ('.,, '■' ")• Si-.irlct F,-ifr 

••'i:. 4. Milk (■-.,,, 



ClIILDRliS AXD THEIR DISEASES 



263 



other; .f he has compIainc<l of darting, shooting, lanoinatins I^ains in his 
head. ,t may then he known that the first stage of i.itla.nnK.Un,, ,the fore- 
runner of water on the hrain) either has or is al,ont tal<ing place \o 
t:me ought to he lost in oluaining medical ai.l; for the commencement of 
tlie disease is the golden opportunity, when life mav he saved 

In the early stages of the disease give the child three times a day a 
httle Phosphate of Lime (ahout what can he put on a nickel piece) Phos- 
phate of Lune can he ohtained at any drug store. Get it in the homeo- 
path.c form ,f possihle. Let the child also drink all he wishes of slightly 
sweetened weak Camomile tea. 



CROUP 



It IS unusual for a child until he is twelve months old to have the 
croup; hut from that time until the age of two years, he is more liable 
to It than at any other period. The liability after two years gra,h,ally 
lessens untd he is ten years old. after which time it is rare. 

There is no disease that requires more prompt treatment than croup 
and none that creeps on more insidiously. The child at first seems to he 
laboring under a slight cold, and is troubled with a little drv cou-dr he is 
hot and fretful, and hoarse when he cries. Hoarseness Is one of the 
earliest symptoms of croup, and it should he borne in mind that a voung 
child, unless he is going to have the croup, is seldom hoarse. If your child 
is hoarse, he should be carefully watched, in order that not a moment be 
lost in applying the proper remedies as soon as croup is detected. 

His voice at length becomes gruff, he breathes as though it were 
through muslin, and the cough becomes crowing. These three symptoms 
prove that the disease is now fully formed. These latter symptoms some- 
times come on without any previous warning, the little fellow going to 
bed apparently well, until the mother is awakened, perplexed and fright- 
ened, in the middle of the night, by finding him laboring under the char- 
acteristic cough and the other symptoms of croup. If she delays to send 
for assistance, or if proper medicines are not instantly given, in a few 



264 



CIIILDREX AND TIIILIR DISEASIiS 



huurs it will probably be of no avail, and in a .lay or two the little sufferer 
will be a corpse. 

INFALLIBLE CURE FOR CROUP 

If he has once ha.l an attack of croup. I should advise you always to 
have ni the house a four-ounce bottle of Wine of Ipecac, to fly to' at a 
moment's notice. 

I never, in my life. lost a child with croup-where I was called in at the 
commencement of the disease. Let me begin by saying, look well to the 
goodness and purity of the medicine, for the life of your child may depend 
upon the medicme being genuine. What medicine? Wine of Ipecac At 
the earliest dawn of the disease give a teaspoonful of Wine of Ipecac every 
five mmutes. until free vomiting is e.xcited. In croup, then, before he is 
safe, free vomiting must be established, and that without loss of time If 
after the -expiration of an hour, the Wine of Ipecac (having given during 
that hour one or two teaspoonfuls of it every five minutes) is not suffi- 
ciently powerful for the purpose. let the following mixture be substituted: 

Take of— Powdered Ipecac, one scruple; 

Wine of Ipecac, one ounce and a half 
Make a mixture. One or two teaspoonfuls to be given every five • min- 
utes, first well shaking the bottle, until free vomiting is excited. 

After the vomiting, place the child for a quarter of an hour in a warm 
bath. When out of the bath give him small do.ses of Wine of Ipecac 
every two or three hours. If the above remedies have no effect, don't fail 
to try a teaspoonful of kerosene. I have known it to cure when all else 
failed. 

Another very convenient and unfailing remedy for croup is found in 
the following prescription: One teaspoonful of powdered alum; mix 
It either with a teaspoonful of honey or a t:'1.1espoonful of molasses. If 
vomiting does not follow in fifteen minutes repeat the dose. In case of 
membranous croup, the membrane can be seen floating in any containing 
vessel on top of water. The remedy is an invaluable one, and devoid of 
any danger to the child if often repeated. One or two doses, however, is 
usually all that is needed to break up any case of croup. 



CW LDHLX .-IX D THEIR D/SL.ISr, 

\y . 265 

-^'"r. i. is good; l„„ as s„™,t ■,,, ' '""" ''!'" ^^■"" "' IP""'-- rcnmins 
>« replaced l,v a fresh L",! " ""'''"'• " " ''-'■ ^'"'1 ""kL. .0 

CHILD-CROWLVG 
Child-crouinjr. or spurious crou.) as it ;. 
s.onally n^istaken for ^nnine crou r. "T""" """'• ''^ "^'-- 

tHe latter. an.I rec,uire^ a differen I / ' '""' ^''""'"^^ '''■^"^•'" »'^^"- 
disease that in.ar abiroccur!"! '" r^'""'"" Chil.l-crouin,. is a 
•-ieed. painfu, dentit ou tl u He 'T '""' "'' ' '"'^^^ "-•'•- = 
But, if a child laboring under i^ V ''^^ ^' ''"''-°^ chiM-crowi,,^.. 

--;cutthe.ho,e:fj:t:e:::;::r^^^ 

--t=— ^^^^ - h:U:. , duriu. the 

"•e dangero,,,, „al„re of .h/d ''"" "I'l^''" I'^'-f^^'-Hy "ell; I.ence, 

'hough, of. „„,i, ZuLTJ '" ""'" '"■"■'"ol'-l- - is liglHly 

and .he liule „a.ie::rd;r o^ ZZ^r'' """ "'"""''" '"^- nice! 

chiM"s:d:r„ri:::,°',:i':;';;77''v": '-'■"""°"'= -^ - '<"--■ ^..e 

noise very m ch to a. """'• "'" '" ""'"» '"■ ■"="^« => 

T..e face^Hng ^He^tl ^Z^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ -;'■"","" 

case, after a fri-htful str.,oc.i« ♦ , , '• ^" '"^ favorable 

pe*c.i,.e,M,;,!;:i:;:^,t^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

■n>per par, of ,he >vin<lpipe_,he l..i "" ""l=«>'^'''<: case. ,he 

lose,l. and the child, no bei, ' aWe ,0 7"T"", '°' " """'"^ °' "™ 

nurse's arms. .Mn„y hildren ho '".^™'"'- "'^"P'- » ™rpse. in his 

'lied of child.cro,ving "" "'" '° ""'^ "-' °' <"»■ "ave really 

Trea,nien,. same as "Water on ,he Brain " 



the tongue forward opens the 



tongue forward. This plan of 



pulling 



epiglottis (the lid of the glottis), adm 



its 



a66 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



air into the lungs, and thus staves off impending suffocation. If tliis plan 
were generally known and adopted, many precious lives might be savetl. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS— HOW TREATED 

If the child has had a shivering fit; if his skin is very hot and dry, if his 
lips are parched, if there is great thirst, if his cheeks arc flushed, and he is 
dull and heavy, wishing to be quiet in his crib; his appetite diminished, 
his tongue furred, his mouth burning hot and dry, his urine scanty and 
high-coloretl, staining the napkin or the linen; his breathing short, pant- 
ing, hurried and oppressed, with a hard dry cough, and if his skin is burn- 
ing hot; — then there is no doubt that inflammation of the lungs has taken 
place. 

If inflammation of the lungs were properly treated at the onset, a child 
would scarcely ever be lost by that disease. I say this advis'^ Jly. for in my 
own practice, providing I am called in early, and my plans are strictly 
carried out, I scarcely ever lose a child from inflammation of the lungs. 
You may ask, — What are your plans? I will tell you in case you cannot 
promptly obtain medical advice, as delay might be death. 

Keep the child to one room, to his bedroom, and to his bed. Let the 
chamber be properly ventilated. If the weather is cool, build a small fire 
in the grate; otherwise he is better without a fire. Let him live on low 
diet, such as weak black tea, milk and water (in equal quantities), and 
toast and water, thin oatmeal gruel, arrowroot, and such like simple bev- 
erages, and give him the following mixture: 

Tinct. of Ignatia 2 drops. 

Tinct. of Aconite 2 drops. 

One full glass of water. Dose, teaspoonful every 10 or 15 minutes. Put 
a hot water bottle to the feet. 

BRONCHITIS— HOW CURED 

Bronchitis is a much more frequent disease than inflammation of the 
lungs; indeed, it is one of the most common complaints both of infants 
and of children, while inflammation of the lungs is comparatively a rare 
disease. 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 267 

The child for the first few days lahors under s) mpton,. of a heavy 
cod: he has not his usual spirits. In two or three days, instead ..{ the 
cold Icavn.jr him, it l,econies more confirmed; he is now rcallv sick fret- 
ful, and feverish; his l^reathnig becomes rather hurried and oppressci- his 
cough .s hard, dry and lou.l; he whec/es. and if urn pt,t vour ear to' iu^ 
naked back, between his shouMer blades, you will hear the uhcczing more 
distinctly. If at the breast, he does not nurse with his usual avidity the 
cough, notwithstanding the breast is a great comfort to him. compels* him 
frequently to loose the nipple; his urine is scanty an.l rather high colored 
stauung the napkin, and smelling strongly. He is generally worse at 
night. 

Confine the child to his bedroom, and if very ill. to his bed If it is 
winter, have a little fire in the grate, bu be sure that the temperature of 
the chamber is comfortable, and let the room be properly ventilated 
which may be eflfected by occasionally leaving the door a little ajar 

If he will not lie on the bed. let him rest on a pillow placed on the 
lap: the pillow will cause him to lie cooler, an.l will more coinfortahiv rest 
his wearied body. If he is at the breast, keep him to it. and give no an,- 
ficial food, unless a little toast and water if he is thirsty. If he is weanc.l 
let him have either milk and water, toast and water, barley water, or weak 
black tea, with plenty of new milk in it. etc.. but. until the intlanmiation 
has subsided, neither broth nor beef tea. 

In mild cases but little medicine is needed. When the fever comes 
on m the after part of the day. it is well to give the following- 

Tinct. of Aconite 

One full glass of water. Dosr, tcaspoonfu'l'everv is'minutcs ' '''°'"'' 

For external application, take a strip of ol.l mnslin. wet in kerosene and 
wrap around the neck; cover witi, dry cloth. Leave on until the skin is red 

^ When the bronchitis has disappeared, the diet ought gradnallv to be 
unproved-rice. sago, tapioca, light batter-pudding, etc.. and. in a few 
days, either a little chicken or a mutton chop, mixed with a well-masherl 
potato and crumb of bread should be given. But let the improvement in 
his diet be gradual, or the inflammation may return. 






a68 



cniLDHns AM) TnniR diseases 



DIPHTHERIA 

This tcrriMe disease. althouRh by many consi.lercl a new complaint 
IS of very ancient origin. 

Tlic little patient, before the .Hsease really shows itself, feels poorly 
an.! ,s om of sorts. A shivering Ht. though not severe. n,av generally he' 
not.cecK 1 here is heaviness, an.l slight headache, principallv over the 
eyes. S.nnetnnes. hnt not always, there is a mild attack of delirium at 
night. The next .lay he complains .)f slight .liflT.cultv of swallowing If 
old enough, he will complain of onstriction about the throat. On exam- 
tn.ng the throat the tonsils will be f.,un.l to be swollen and more re<! 
than usual. Slight specks will be notice.I on the tonsils. In a .lay or two 
an exudation will cover them, the back of the palate, the tongue an.l 
sometimes the insi.le of the cheeks ami the nostrils. This exudation of 
lymph gra.lually increases until it becomes a regular membrane, which 
puts on the appearance of leather, hence its name .liphtheria. This mem- 
brane peels olT in pieces, an.l if the chil.l is ol.l an.l strong enough he will 
sometimes spit it up in quantities, the membrane again an.l again rapi.lly 
forming as before. The discharges from the throat are occasionally, but 
not always, oflfensive. The glands about the neck and under the jaw are 
generally much swollen, and the skin is rather cold and clammv; the urine 
IS scanty an.l usually pale: the bowels at first are frequentlv relaxed The 
diarrhoea may or may not cease as the .lisease advances. 
TREATMENT OF DIPHTHERIA 
The child is now in a perilous condition, an.l it becomes a battle 
between his constitution and the .lisease. If. unfortunately, as is too 
often the case-.liphtheria being more likely to attack the weaklv-the 
chil.l ,s very delicate, there is but slight hope of recovery. The danger 
of the disease is not always to be measured by the state of the throat 
Sometimes when the patient appears to be getting well, a su.l.Ien change 
for the worse rapidly carries him off. 

Diphtheria is contagious, therefore, when practicable, the rest of the 
family ought to be kept out of the room. 



Cnil.DRnx A\D TllElli DISEASES af,, 

; ;, CO, • ""V"'" ""' "•-'^--''-'^ .-^-I tiu. privies .!.> „.,t in 
licl ;""' "" "^'" ""'^^- ^^ ""' ''-'- -«- -'^f-tive or .ho 

Ct ;,;;;; r'"'r' ■" -^""^ ^•'"■''' ^^'" '-^ ^— '•• * f-' -..1 f..sterH. 

Keen 1 ' ' :"'" "'" ^'"■""' '" > '""• ^^"-'- "' ^-""'1 V..U. 

three ;':,:, , 'l '" ''^"'"""' '""' ^" '"^ '-'• ' ^ "-' ''-t two or 
• ree ,l.ns. ulnlc tl.e fever runs In,M,. put hin, on , 1.,^ .!ie.. such as n.ill, 

arrowroot, etc. Appiv to his thn.at everv f.. „■ • ' ' " *' """^• 

'•atmeal pouhice. Keep the feet w n n ' ,^ ^T " ""■"' ''"' ^'"'' 
aua.luit: M tiit kct uarm. L se -m, |<,i wwui^ K'-Tfl- i'or 

Take ec,ual parts of alcohol an.l water. Carole .... v i ,.„r .,r of.cner 
For a ch, I use less alcohol. A ,,ar,We of listeru.c i^ , '.. e. clkn 
Take of the following medicine: 

Tinct. of Uclladonna 

Tinct. of .Aconite. . 

MEASLES AND HOW TO TREAT THKM 

Measles c„n„„on«s with sy„,p,u„,s of a co„„„u„ cl.h the „a,icnl 
. =. firs, clnlly, tl,™ ho, a,,.! fcvcrisl,: he has a r„n„i„,, a, ,h ,"0 
-co.,„s „,.„,„«. a„,: rclnoss of ,ho eyes, hca.lache, .lro„ s^kss a 1, o se 

ays a„,l ,hon ,hsa,,pears. las,i„K ahoRcthcr fron, ,l,e co„„„e„ccmc„, o 
the sy„,p,o,„s of cold ,0 ,l,c ,locIi„e of the cr,„,.io„. seven ,Iavs 1 l 
■mportant ,0 bear in n,ind ,ha, .he ernp.ion eonsis.s of ores e ^sl, no 
pa,cl,es; ,ha, ,hey nsnally appear firs, al.on, ,l,e face and ne ki , 
places „,ey are ,he hes, n,arUed; ,hen o e l,o,ly and on ,he arm, ^ 

the sk,„. The face ,s swollen, more especially .he eyelids, which are 



■ 2 drops. 

■ i drops. 



270 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



sometimes closed for a few days. Running at the nose, sneezing, a pecu- 
liar hoarse cough, and half-moon-shaped patches, are the leading features 
of the disease, and point out for a certainty that it is measles. 

The principal danger in measles arises from the affection of the chest. 
The mucus or lining membrane of the bronchial tubes is always more or 
less inflamed, and the lungs are sometimes affected. 

The only way to throw out the eruption, is to keep the body comfort- 
ably warm, and to give the following treatment : 

The child ought, first of all, to be placed ten minutes in a hot bath in 
which has been placed a tablespoonful of baking soda. Rub well but 
quickly and then put to bed in a room kept comfortably warm. If it is 
winter time, there should be a small fire in the room; in tlie summer time 
the fire would be improijcr. Take the following Jiiedicine: Tinct. of bella- 
donna. 2 drops; one full glass of water. Dose: Teaspoonful every 30 min- 
utes until the eruptions come to the surface. The child must not be 
exposed to draughts; though from time to time, the door ought to be left 
a little ajar in order to change the air of tho apartment. Keep th? child, 
for the first few days, on a low diet, such as milk and water, at. .root, 

bread and butter, etc. 

SCARLET FEVER 

The patient is generally chilly, languid, drowsy, feverish and poorly 
'or two days before the eruption appears. At the end of the second, the 
characteristic bright scarlet efflorescence, somewhat similar to the color of 
a boiled lobster, usually first shows itself. The scarlet appearance is not 
confined to the skin, but the tongue, throat and whites of the eyes put on 
the same appearance, with only this difference, that on the tongue and 
on the throat the scarlet is much darker. The eruption usually declines 
on the fifth, and is generally indistinct on the sixth day; on the seventh 
it has completely faded away. After the first few days there is usually 
great itching on the surface of the body. At the end of the week the 
skin begins to peel and to dust off, making it look as though meal had 
been sprinkled upon it. 

There are three forms of scarlet fever — the one where the throat is 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 271 

little if at all. affected, and this is a mild form of the disease: the secon.l 
uinch at mght .s generally attended with delirium, wliere the ihroat is 
much affected. i)einc often greatly inflamed and ulcerated, and the thinl 
(which ,s, except in certain unhealthy districts, comparatively rare, and 
which IS very dangerous), the malignant form. 

Serious stages of scarlet fever can l>e averted by keeping the eruptions 
on the surface. This can be done by free doses of the following: Tinct of 

acomte. 2 drops; one full glass of water. Dose: _• teaspoonfuls everv hour 
Wash the entire body-portions at a time so as not to expose it-with hot 

water and boracic acid, in the proportion of a teaspoonful in a quart of 

water or alcohol and water. 

The principal danger in scarlet fever arises from the afTection of the 

throat, the administration of aperients during the first ten davs Jm.l a 

peculiar disease of the kidneys ending in .Iropsv: on which account the 

doctor ought, when practicable, to be sent for at the onset, that no time 

may be lost in applying projjcr remedies. 

HOW TO DISTIXGUISH SCARLET ITIVER FROM OTHER DISEASES 
There is an excellent method of determining, for a certaintv whether 
the eruption is that of scariatina or otherwise. I have in several instances 
ascertained the truth of it: "For several years M. Bouchut has remarked 
in the eruptions of scariatina a curious phenomenon, which serves to dis- 
tinguish this eruption from that of measles. The phenomenon in (luestion 
IS a white line, which can be produced at pleasure by drawing the back of 
the nail along the skin where the eruption is situated. On drawin.. the 
nail, or the extremity of a hard body (such as a pcnhoMer). alo,,.'^ the 
eruption, the skin is observed to grow pale, and to present a white Tr.ice 
which remains for one or two minutes, or longer, and then disappears. In' 
this way the diagnosis of the disease may be very distinctlv written on 1 la- 
skin; the word 'scarlatina' disappears as the eruption regains its uniform 
tint." 

TREATMEN'T OF THROAT 

The f^rst thing to be done is to send the child to bed. Fresh air. 
and plenty of it, in scarlet fe\-er is the best doctor a child can have. 



272 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



Now for the throat. The best external application is a bran and oat- 
meal poultice. Put half a teacupful of bran into a .saucepan, put it on the 
fire to boil; as soon as it bcils. take it ofY the fire, and stir oatmeal into 
It, until It is of the consistence of a nice soft poultice; then place it on a^ 
rag, and apply it to the throat ; carefully fasten it on with a bandage, two 
or three turns of the bandage going around the throat, and two or three 
over the crown of the head, so as nicely to apply the poultice where it is 
wanted— that is, to cover the tonsils. Tack the bandage; do not pin it. 
Change the poultice three times a day. Take the following: 

Tinct. of belladonna, 2 drops; one full glass of water. Dose: Teaspoon- 
ful every hour. .Alternate with this tinct. aconite. 2 drops; one full 
glass of water. Dose: Teaspoonful every hour. For gargle, use listerine 
in water. 

If the child is at the breast, keep him entirely to it. If he is weaned, 
and under two years of age, give him milk and water, and cold water to 
drink. If he is older give him toast and water, and plain water from the 
pump, as much as he choo.ses; let it be quite cold— the colder the better. 
Weak black tea, or thin gruel, may be given, but not caring, unless an 
infant at the breast, if he takes nothing but cold water. If the child is two 
years old and upward, roasted apples wiih sugar and grapes, will be very 
refreshing, and will tend to cleanse both the mouth and the throat. Avoid 
broths and stimulants. 

When the appetite returns you may consider the patient safe. The diet 
ought now to be gradually improved. Bread and butter, milk and water, 
and arrowroot should be given for the first two or three days. Then a 
light batter or rice pudding may be added, and in a few days, either a little 
chicken or mutton broth. 

C.\RE TO BK USED ON RECOVERY OF SCARLET FEVER 

Now comes very important advice. After the first few days, probably 
five or six, sometimes as early as the fourth day— watch carefully and 
warily, and note the time, the skin will suddenly become cool, the child will 
say that he feels chilly; then is the time you must change your tactics 



CHILDREN AXD THEIR DISE.ISES 

i."rbe"i"' * a„'„": "■■';""" '"' '■"' '■■"" '■''"""'^'' '•' '-'-k« "•• •«". - 
In =;.,," >, ""'^°"," '^"°""'' •""'' *"' ■'"••"'' *■■' "- l'""<^ f. 1.0 

Urmks must no« lie Kivcn with the chill o/T- he oiii-hi ,„ r„, . 
of tea. a,„l gra.h.allv his .lie, she,,,, ,,e intpro:;,, ' ' '' ""'" "'" 

The body, includiiicr the scain nf n c,-nri^» r 

be verj agreeable to the patient's feelings as there ,\ .,.,,.,11 • 

*• » • , . •>.>-i.n^.-i, <i.-5 inert Ih llSlla \' (TC'lt irrif-i 

>ng the dead skin, which is highly infectious nn.l vvl,i -i, IJ*-^^'" 

;„ a 1 , -^ iiiitLiious. and wliicli conies ott D-irtIv 

Tersot" "" """'-'• "°"'^ """"' '"^ »'-^ ■" "-• '-" ".'-.i.'« :Z 

ari^sToi':;:^::^;,::;";';,;/^"'''- ^ '-"■"•^'"^ "--c- ^-0.,,,,. 

me carelessness, tlie isnorance. ami the thoiii-htlcssmss ,.t 
parents ,n allowing a d,il,l to leave the house before ,„e ne. ' ki „ 

crly formed and hardened. IVcven.ion is better than cure. ' 

HOW TO PREVii.VT CO.VT.ACIOX 

Thus far with resanl to the ,lan„er to the child hin.self. .Vow Ic. ,ne 
show you the nsk of contagion that vou inflict nnon fn„,in,. -,",1 lo 
.vour c ild to „i,. with others heforea ,„„n,h at east la l:.^ 

n,.„ , a case is ,uite as contagious while the skin is „e v ^ 

«as before. Thus, in ten days „r two weeks, there is as ,„,;i i* , 

on.ag,o„ as at the beginning „, the .lisease. and ■„ ,he fj! 'i 

'>e.gh . At the conclusion of the tnonth. the .,.d skin has „cner-,llv ■ M 
peeled off. and the new skin has taken its ,.lace: con.scucuv ! . \: 
be le s ear of contagion to others, liut the contagion of scarlet le , ' 

xacTume" r T"""" '" '" ""™'°"' '""' " '^ """-'■""^ '° <^- "- 
exact time when it ceases. 

To purify a house clothes. an,l (nrniture. fro.u the contagion of .c.rlet 
.e^er. let every room ,„ .he house, together with its contents: and clothing 



274 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



and dresses that cannot be washed, he well fumigated with sulphur — 
taking care to close both windows and doors while disinfecting the house; 
let every room be lime-wasned and then white-washed; if the conta},non 
has been virulent, let every bedroom be freshly papered (the walls havmg 
been previously stripped of the old paper and then lime-washed); let the 
bed, the bolsters, the pillows, and the mattresses be cleaned and purified; 
let the blankets and coverlids be thoroughly waslied, and then let them 
be exposed to the open air — if taken into a field so much the better; let 
the rooms be well scoured; let the windows, top and bottom, be thrown 
open; let the drains be cleansed with lime. 

CHICKEN-POX 



Chicken-pox is occasionally, but not always, ushered in with a slight 
shivering fit; the eruption shows itself in about twenty-four hours from 
the child first appearing poorly. The eruption comes out in the form of 
small pimples, and principally attacks the scalp, the neck, the back, the 
chest and the shoulders, but rarely the face, while in small-pox the face 
is generally the part most affected. The next day these pimples fill with 
water, and thus become vesicles; on the third day they are at maturity. 
The vesicles are quite separate and distinct from each other. There is 
a slight redness around each of them. Fresh ones make their appearance 
V hile the others are dying away. Chicken-pox is usually attended with 
a slight itching of the skin; when the vesicles are scratched the fluid 
escapes, and leaves hard, pearl-like sul)Stances, which, in a few days. 
disappear. Chicken-pox never leaves pit marks behind. It is a child's 
complaint; adults scarcely ever have it. 

It is not at all dangerous, but, on the contrary, a trivial complaint. It 
lasts only a few days, and requires but little medicine. The patient ought 
to keeo the house for three or four days, and should abstain from animal 
food. Give tinct. of aconite, 2 drops; one glass of water. Dose: 2 tea- 
spoonfuls every hour. 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES j^ 

VVHOOPINT. COUGH 

Whoopingf-cough is emphatically a disease of the young: it is rare 
for adults to have it; if they do. they usually ^uffer more severely than 
chddren. A child seldom has it but once in his life. It is highly conta- 
gious, and therefore frequently runs through a whole family of children, 
giving much annoyance, anxiety and trouble to the -Jiotlier and the nurses; 
hence whooping-cough is much dreaded by them. It is amenable to treat- 
ment. Spring and summer are the best seasons of the year for the disease 
to occur. This complaint usually lasts from six to twelve weeks— some- 
times for a nmch longer period, more especially if proper means are not 
eroployed to relieve it. 

W hooping-cough commences as a common cold and cough. The 
cough, for ten days or a fortnight, increases m intensity: at about which 
time it puts on the characteristic "whoop." The attack of cough comes 
on in paroxysms. In a paroxysm, the child coughs so long and so vio- 
lently, and expires so much air from the lungs without inspiring any, that 
at times he appears nearly suffocated and exhausted; the veins of his 
neck swell: his eyes, with the tremendous exertions, almost seem to start 
from their sockets; at length there is a sudden inspiration of air through 
the contracted chink of the upper part oi the windpipe— the glottis— caus- 
ing the peculiar "whoop:" and after a little more cfuighing he brings up 
some glairy mucus from the chest; and sometimes food from the stomach 
by vomiting. This relieves him until the next paroxysm occurs, when 
the same process is repeated, the child during the intorv.ils appearing 
quite well, and after the cough is over instantly returnmg either to his 
play or to his food. 



TREATMENT OF WHOOPING COUGH 

A new-born babe — an infant of one or two months old — commonly 
escapes the infection; but if he catches whooping-cough at that tender 
age unfortunately it is likely to fare harden with him than if he were older 
— the younger the child the greater the risk. Still, in siirh a case, do 



276 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



not despair; I have known numerous instances of new-born infants, with 
ju(Ucious care, recovering perfectly from the attack, and thriving after it 
as though nothing of the kind had ever happened. 

I* or the first ten days give the following prescription: Tinct. of bella- 
donna, 2 drops; one full glass of water. D. «e: 2 teaspoonfuls every hour. 

If the child is not weaned, keep him entirely to the breast; if he is 
weaned, to a milk and farinaceous diet. Confine him for the first ten days 
to the house, more especially if the whoopinjf-cough is attended, as it 
usually is, with more or less bronchitis. Ikit take care that the rooms are 
well ventilated, for guotl air is essential to the cure. 

When the spasms come on give each time a dose of the following: 
Juice of 3 lemons; strained honey, 2 oz. ; Jamaica rum, 2 oz. Mix thor- 
oughly. Dose: i teaspoonful. 

Let him wear a broad band of new flannel, which should extend around 
from his chest to his back, and which ought to be changed every night 
and morning, in order that it may be dried before putting on again. To 
keep it in its place it should be fastened by means of tapes and shoulder 
straps. 

The diet ought now to be improved — he should gradually return to 
his usual food; and. weather pernr'.ting, should almost live in the open 
air — fresh air being one of the fin. -t medicines. 

BEST POSITION TO ASSUME WHEN WHOOPING 

During a paroxysm of whooping-cough, if the child is old enough, let 
him stand up; but if he is either too young or too feeble, raise his head, 
and bend his body a little forward; then support his back with one hand. 
I nd the forehead with the other. Let the mucus be wiped out of his 
mouth with a soft handkerchief the moment it is within reach. 

A chill is to be looked upon as an important symjitom. Nearly all 
serious illness commences with a chill; severe colds, influenza, inflamma- 
tions of dififerent organs, scarlet fever, measles, small-pox and very many 
other diseases, begin in this way. If your child should ever have a chill, 
instantly send for a doctor, as delay might be dangerous. A few hours of 



CHILDREX ASD THEIR nixrisrs „. 

molet'LlH"'"","'- "' 'I" """"-—■" "' - i".H>s, is ,ro„„e,„lv „i 

ami «e luve pcrluips only a sligl,, cl.ill ,„ ,,11 ,„ „f i,s appn.ad, 

bed Apply a, once a.l,o, water l.utlle or a hu, brick, wrapped in lla,n,cl 
to .he sole, o, l,i, fee,. P„, an extra blankc, on In. bed. d «ive i , a 

:;l '", ""■ :' ■'"°" - ""-■ ^"'-""^ ^^ -er, an.l l,e „a. bee l,o 

gr dnally lessen ,l,e e.xtra .mantily „i clothes on his bed. and take .,„.,v the 
hot bottle or hot brick front his feet. ■ 



I 



ML'MPS 

n u.th a hght fevensh attack. After a short time, a swelli,.. of 
tony hardness is noticed before and under the ear. which sudlinl 

and contmues painful and swollen for four or five davs. at the end o which 
t.n.e .t gradually disappears, leaving not a trace hehin.l. The v i^' 
mumps never gathers. It may alYect one or both sides of the fa 
seldom occurs but once in a lifetime. It i.. contagious, and ha. bee 
knc^. to run through a whole family or scl.ol; bnt it is not dan,^!:: 

to the head, the breast, or testicles. 

Foment the swelling, four or five tiuK-s a day. with a danncl urun-. 
ou of hot camom.le and hops in equal parts, and applv everv ni-du a bran 
and oatmeal poultice to the swollen gland or glands, and keep o^ a da m 
ciunng the day Debar the little patient from taking meat L b-oth o 
a few days, and let hun live on bread and milk, light puddings, and arrow- 
root. Keep huB m a warm and well ventilated room, and shut him out fron, 
the company of h,s brothers, his sisters and young companions. Ciive hin, 
a httle mdd apenent me.licine. Of course, if there is the slightest svmn- 
tom of migration to any other part or parts, instantlv call in a doctor 



.i>y*yi.: c»'i^"~T?i«frv7v^:3!fl«. '^^r^iAJimm.JSi 



278 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



BOIL— TREATMENT OF 

One of the best applications i'-. a Burgundy-pitch plaster spread on a 
soft piece of wash-leather. Let a druggist spread a plaster, about the size 
of the hand; and from this piece cut small plasters, the size of a twenty- 
five cent piece or larger (according to the dimensions of the boil), which 
snip around and apply to the part. Put a fresh one on daily. This plaster 
will soon cause the boil to break; when it does break squeeze out the con- 
tents and apply one of the plasters as befort. which renew every day, 
until the boil is well. 

The old-fashioned remedy for a boil — common yellow soap and brown 
sugar— is a capital one for the purpose. It is made with equal parts of 
brown sugar and shredded yellow soap, mixed by means of a table knife 
on a plate, with a few drops of water, until it is all well blended together, 
and of the consistence of thick paste; it should then be spread on a piece 
of wash-leather, or on thick linen, and applied to the boil, and kept in its 
place by means of a bandage or a folded handkerchief, and should be 
renewed once or twice a day. Thfs is an excellent application for a boil- 
soothing, comforting, and drawing — and will soon effect a cure. A paste 
of honey and flour, spread on linen, is another popular and good applica- 
tion for a boil. 

If the boil should arise from a delicate state of health, give the child 
Scott's cod-liver oil, and an abundance of milk and farinaceous food. Let 
him have plenty of fresh air, exercise, and play. 

GATHERED EAR 

A young child screaming shrilly, violently, and continuously, is often- 
times owing to earache; carefully examine each ear, and ascertain if there 
is any discharge; if there is. the mystery is explained. 

Apply to the ear a hot water bottle — as hot as can be comfortably borne, 
or foment the ear with a flannel wrung out with a decoction of hot camo- 
mile and hops. A roasted onion, inclosed in muslin applied to the ear. is 
an old fashioned and favorite remedy. Put into the ear, bat not very tar, 




FlKur* 





FiKurr 3. 



Figure 4. 



Fiijure ?. 




ritture 5. 



For Treatment of Perfect Breasts See Chapter XVIll. 

I-Ij;. 1. Bicajl ,.| \V..:a.iii li.iji: wvw,. Fii:. ;. Brt-.i-t .■! \\ nun 1 Mdr virw 1 , 

Ki).'. 2. B'-.i-t ut' \V •lun l..ii,i <)i>i-Ti, ^'ii.■ + Milk D'l.'. in Dcrjil, 

Fie. ;. <iri)wtli lit' Milk Duvtb. 



ciin.nKiis .i\n riir.in nisr.isns js, 

If a .hscharse from ,l,c cnr sl,„ul,l eulior accn.npanv or follow ,l,e 
rcmc(i\ . and it that fai.s call in a plivsician 

Tinct of nux vonnca. . .Ircps; KovvIcm's sc.Intion of arsenic , .Irons- 
one full fi^lass of water. Dose: . teaspoonfnis everv l,onr ' ^ ' 

A "Sty" on the Eyeli.I.-I'.athe the eye frequcntlv with w.rm milk 
ajK, water, and apply every ni.ht at he.ltin.e a craUer soaW i ^ : ^ 
No me,hcn,e ,s recpnre.I. l.„t if the chiM is ,.oss. keep hin, for a few" Ivs 
fron, meat, and let hi. live on hread and nnlk and farinaceons \;2^:. 

LARr.r: rowf.ls-hovv clrfd 

It ousht to he borne in mind that the l.owels of a chihl are hreer in 
proport.on than those of an adnlt. Ihu. if they are actna v L^Jf , 
they ou,.ht to he. rnh then, well for a c.narter of an hour at'a tim ni'ht 
and mornn,g wuh olive oil. and then apply . l.oad llanne. han 1 7,:^ A 
road fhjnne helt worn n.ght an.I day, hnn hut not ti.du. is verv service 
ahle. T e ch, d ought to be prevented from drinking as much as he as 
been n, the ha Nt of doing: let him be encouraged to exercise mud. n h 
open a.r, and let strict regard be paid to his diet. 

PROTRUSION OF THE LOWER BOWEL 

Is due to the common and reprehensible practice of a mother a.Innnister- 
•ng frequent apenents to her child. Another cause, is allowing h m to 
remam for a quarter of an hour or more at a time on his chair; is in c s 
hini to stram. and to force the bowel down. 

The best manner of returning the bowel is to lay the child upon the 



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282 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



bed on his face and bowels, with his hips a Httle raised, then smear lard 
on the forefingerof your right hand (taking care that the nail is cut close), 
and gently press the bowel into its proper place with the forefinger. Re- 
member, if the above methods are observed, you cannot do the slightest 
mjury to the bowel; and the sooner it is returned the better it will be for 
the child, for if the bowel is allowed to remain long down, it may slough 
or mortify, and death may ensue. After each motion the nurse must see 
that the bowel does not come down, and if it does, she ought instantly 
to return it. The nurse should also be careful not to allow the child to 
remain on his chair more than two or three minutes at a time. 

Another excellent remedy for the protrusion of the bowel, is to use 
every morning a cold salt and water sitz bath. There need not be more 
than a depth of three inches of water in the bath; a small handful of table 
salt should be dissolved in the water. A dash of warm water in the winter 
time must be added, to take off the extreme chill, and the child ought not 
to be allowed to sit in the bath for more than one minute, or while the 
mother can count a hundred, taking care to thi'ow either a square of flannel 
or a small shawl over his shoulders. The sitz bath ought to be con- 
tinued for months, or until the complaint is removed. I cannot speak in 
too high praise of these baths. 

SCROFULA-ITS TREATMENT 

The child who has a moist, cold, fair, delicate and almost transparent 
skin, large prominent blue eyes, protuberant forehead, light brown or 
auburn hair, rosy cheeks, pouting lips, milk white teeth, long neck, high 
shoulders, small, flat and contracted chest, tumid bowels, large joints, thin 
limbs and flabby muscles, is the one most predisposed to scrofula. The 
disease is not entirely confined to the above, sometimes one who has black 
hair, dark eyes and complexion, is subject to it, but yet far less frequently 
than the former. It is a remarkable fact that the most talented are the 
most prone to scrofula, and being thus clever their intellects are too often 
cultivated at the expense of their health. In infancy and childhood, either 
water on the brain or mesenteric disease; in youth, pulmonary consump- 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES ^^ 

SIX «eeks. Early rising ,s most beneficial. Beefste-ik-. n,, i . 
chops in abundance, and plenty of milk and farinaceo is ood 1 7 " "^ 
sago, arrowroot, etc.. should be the diet »"od-su.. I, as rice, 

HOW TO WARD OFF SCROFULA 
Scrofula, if the above rule<; arp =fr;^«.i , 

may .e .ar.ed off, 0„. ...e^L^.r,:/ "^ ^ Lrr:^'.^' ':""""• 
two masters— to cultivate nt fh. co • ""^^'""^es, no trying to serve 

The brain must not t^:::! "i^r ,::;: ^i^^ ^^ ^";^"'-^- 

prevent scrofula by care, but that some children arToriS' r " "'^ 
to the disease there cannot be the least doubtTn^l T ' P'-^^l'^Posed 

tion and habits of the youth shouidtt'trera:^ ::::::^^ 

plaint, the effects of which are so frequently fatal." " '''"" 

Suppose the disease to be alreadv fnrm^,! fi, i 

WETTING THE BED 
If a child wets his bed while asleeo lef hJm k« ^ 
i-. Hefcre he goes .obed. a„<, ^.^Ij^ !;:::^ ^^ ^"'7!^ 



284 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 



inclined to wet his bed he will not be able to avoid doing so. He must 
not be allowed to drink much with his meals, especially with his supper. 
Wetting the bed is an infirmity with some children, which they gradually 
outgrow. It is, therefore, cruel to scold and chastise them for it. Water- 
proof bed sheeting— one yard by three-quarters of a yard— will effectually 
preserve, the bed, and ought always on these occasions to be used. 
CHILBLAINS AND THE WAY TO CURE THEM 

Let a child who is subject to them wear in the winter time a square 
piece of wash leather over the toes, a pair of warm lamb's wool stockings, 
and good shoes; but above all, let him be encouraged to run about the 
house as much as possible, especially before going to bed; and on no 
account allow him to warm his feet before the fire, or to bathe them in 
hot water. If the feet are cold, and the child too young to take exercise, 
then let them be well rubbed with the warm hand. If adults sufifer from 
chilblains, I have found friction, night and morning, with horse hair flesh 
gloves, the best means of curing them. 

Secondly, the Way to Cure Them. — If they are unbroken, the old- 
fashioned remedy of onion and salt is one of the best of remedies. Cut an 
onion in two, take one-half of it, dip it in table salt and rub the chilblain 
with it for two or three minutes. The onion and salt is a famous remedy to 
relieve that intolerable itching which sometimes accompanies chilblains; 
then let them be covered with a piece of lint, over which a piece of wash 
leather should be placed. 

If they are broken, let a piece of lint be spread with spermaceti cerate, 
and applied every morning to the part, and use a white bread poultice 
ever>' night. 

WORMS— THEIR TREATMENT AND EXTERMINATION. 

The dififerent varieties of worms that infest a child's bowels are the 
tape-worm, the long round-worm, and the most frequent of all, the com- 
mon thread or maw-worm. The tape-worm infests the whole course of the 
bowels, both small and large; the long round-worm, principally the small 
bowels, occasionally the stomach; it sometimes crawls out of the child's 



CHILDREN AND THEIR DISEASES 285 

mouth, causing alarm to the mother; there is no clanger in its doing so- 
the common thread-worm or maw-worm infests the rectum or fundamc ,' 
The causes of worms are: Weak bowels, bad and improper food such 
as unnpe, unsound, or uncooked fruit, and much green vegetal ks pork 
espeaall, underdone pork; and abundance of sweats; the^^n orsaTL' 



SYMPTOMS OF WORMS. 

The symptoms of worms ar^emaciation; itching and picking of the 
nose; a dark mark under the eyes; grating of the teeth 'during sL , 
tart.ng m the sleep; foul breath; furred tongue; uncertain ap^etite-!^ 
sometimes vorac.ous. at other times bad, the little patient sitting ,lown 

pnethr'^-'h '^ f"""' ^"' '^^^^^ -^'^^'^ ^-^'"^^ ^ -"thTul. 
appetue van.shmg; large bowels; col .y pains of the bowels slimy 
motions; itchmg of the fundament. ^ 

Tape-worm and round-worm, more especially the former, are apt to 

and usually cause great emanation and general ill health. Drink plenty o 
shppery elm tea. This is excellent and harmless. For the lon^ wofn^ 
g.ve the old-fashioned worm seed tea found at al, drug stores V rtT 

Tnd vvatr"' "^' ''' "^'"" "'' "^^ ^"'^ ''■'''' ^"^ ^^""'^ --•< -'t 

Worms generally infest weak bowels, hence the moment a child 
becomes stroner. worms cease to exist. 

SCABBY ERUPTIONS AT MOUTH DUE TO WORMS 

If a child has a scabby eruption about the mouth, in all probability it 
omes from worms. Apply vaseline-nothing else. Do not o ny 
account, use any local application to heal it; if you do. you mav prod e 
-njury; you may either bring on an attack of inflamma'tion.r vou t^ 
throw h.m mto convulsions. This breaking out is frequentlv a safet W "^ 
and must not be needlessly interfered with. Should the i., ^ 



286 



CHILDREN AND THEIR -^ISEASES 



severe, reduce the child's diet, keep him from butter, from gravy, and 
from fat meat, or from meat aUogether for a few days, and give him mild 
aperient medicine. 

MILK CRUST 

Milk crust is a complaint of very young children — of those who 
are cutting their teeth. It is a nasty looking complaint, and frequently 
gives a mother a great deal of trouble. It is well to know its symptoms, 
its causes, and its probable duration. 

Whe a child is about nine months or a year old, small pimples are 
apt to break out around the ears, on the forehead, and on the head. 
These pimple*- at length become vesicles (that is they contain water), 
which run into one large one, break, and form a nasty, dirty-looking, yel- 
lowish, and sometimes greenish, scab, which scab is moist, or sometimes 
quite wet, and gives out a disagreeable odor, and which is sometimes so 
large on the head as actually to form a skull cap, and so extensive on the 
face as to form a mask. These, I am happy to say, are rare cases. The 
child's beauty is for a time completely destroyed, and not only his beauty, 
but his good temper, for as the erupiion causes great irritation and itching, 
he is constantly clawing himself, and crying with annoyance the great part 
of the day, and sometimes of the night — the eruption preventing him 
from sleeping. It is not contagious, and soon after he has cut the whole of 
his first set of teeth it will get well, providing it has not been improperly 
interfered with. 

The cause of milk crust is from the nervous irritation of teething. It 
is a lack of the bone-making material in the child. Take of the following: 
Phosphate of lime (homoeopathic jjreparation). Dose: As much as can be 
put on a five-cent piece, 3 times a ciay. External application: One ounce 
of vaseline mixed with two grains of golden seal powder. Apply every 
night. 



CHAPTER XXI 
CONSTIPATION 

BY CONSTIPATION is meant a sluggish state of the bowt(s, by 
reason of which the faeces are retained in the body a longer time 
than is warranted in a state of health. The discharges are hard and 
dry, in small quantities, and evacuated with difficulty. This is one of the 
most common disorders to which mankind is subject, and the results are 
far more serious than are generally supposed. 

RETAINED EXCREMENT-A SLOW POISON 

The retained excrement is, to a certain extent, absorbed into the sys- 
tem and acts as so much poison, the eliminating of which the other organs 
are overtaxed, causing debility of the whole system. 

It has been asserted that there is not a disease of the human system 
which cannot be traced to this one trouble. 

The nutriment derived from the food is taken into the blood from the 
stomach and small intestines, while the residuum— comprising the larger 
part of all the food— passes into the large intestine, called the colon. Begin- 
ning on the right side of the body just above the pelvis, the colon passes 
upward to the lower border of the ribs, then crosses the body and f'escends 
on the left side, and inward to the spinal column, where it merges u.to the 
rectum. 

The bowels possess what is termed peristaltic action, that is, each por- 
tion alternately relaxes and contracts, thus forcing the food through them. 
The passage of the food is more rapid through the small intestines than 
through the colon, which, by its large size and slow motion, allows the 
greater part of the waste material, or fcxcal matter, to accumulate in it. 
While this remains in the colon it occasions no inconvenience, but as soon 
as it passes into the rectum it causes a desire to ev...-uate the bowels. 

The time of passage from the colon to the rectum varies in different 

387 



-ii 



288 



CONSTIPATION 



mdivuluals— some requiring two evacuations daily to a perfect state of 
health, others require but one. In detcrniininj,' whether the bowels are 
costive the state of the evacuafons, as well as the frequency, should be 
taken into consideration. If they are scanty, dry, hard, and attended with 
pain, constipation is present, even though the evacuations are of daily 
occurrence. As a rule it may be stated that there should be a full, free, 
soluble and satisfactory evacuation of the bowels daily, and not for one 
day should this rule be broken, or constipation allowed 

CAUSES OF CONSTIPATION 

Causes. — Sedentary habits, particularly where the mind is closely 
applied to any subject; the continued use of laxative medicines; the habit- 
ual neglect of the bowels, so common among women; the mechanical 
pressure which the womb in the case of a pregnant woman, in its enlarged 
condition, exerts upon the rectum; errors in diet, and especially errors in 
dress. 

In nearly all forms of constipation there is a lack of contractile power in 
the colon and the rectum. This is due largely to want of proper exercise. 
Can it be wondered that in such cases constipation should be the result? 
Exercise in the open air, occupation and household duties are the best 
medicines known for constipation. Every step taken in walking, and 
every bending or twisting motion of the body by jarring and crowding the 
intestines, assists them in their work. Intense mental application should 
be avoided. Any continued strain upon the nervous organization takes 
away the nerve stimulant, essential to digestion and assimilation. 

LAXATIVE MEDICINES— THEIR EFFECT ON THE SYSTEM 

Laxative medicines should be avoided when possible. Sometimes it 
becomes necessary to give a laxative, but when this is the case the mildes 
should be chosen. Strong purgatives are highly improper, and often dan- 
gerous. Especially is this the case in pregnancy, when the patient is liable 
to miscarry. 

Cathartic drugs d'^pend for eflFect upon the quality they possess of 



CONSTIPATIOX 



289 



excumg secretion and peristaltic activity. They do tl-^ througl, the 
nervous system, feu of them heinj, mechanical in their action, hence accon>- 
Pl.^h.ng the.r results by stimulating the nervous svstem to extra effort 
n don,g tins they necessarily exhaust the source ^f supplv. for the ten-' 
c y of all stnnulation is to in<luce exhaustion, as the c^nsec.uence of 
unnatural exlnb.t.ons of nervous force. Persons using these so-called 
remed.es-laxatives. cathartics and purgatives-thus seLing the me 
n.n ts of the bowels in the present, find that after their use it .t more Z 
ul ^'^"'■^"^^"'•^ P^-'-'SCs. and that the doses must be increased to 
produce any effect. Meantime the continued use of these drugs not only 
exhausts nervous force, but often creates inllammatior. of mucous surfaces, 
chsturbmg digestion and poisoning the blood. 

HABITUAL NEGLECT OF BOWELS 

cons^innt"' "t^'''' "' '''" '"""'^ " °"^ ^^ '''' "'^'' f"-^^"-'^ -"-^ of 
on t,pat.on. T.e rectum is naturally en.pty. As soon as the f.eces are 

discharged into it there is usually a <lesire to relieve the bowels If this 

un^ar n"' '' °"?" '^ "'^'''''' '''' ^ ''''''' ^""^ ^''^ ^^^^^ ^^<^ carried 
upuard by peristaltic motion and back into the colon and the desire for 

evacuation thus passes away. This abuse long continued causes the 

bowels to become clogged up; they lose their contractile power the 

nott n." tTZ'' "'' '" ^'"^ ^'^ "^^""' '^'^'^ "' -'-- ^'-- -ill 
not be felt. This allows an accumulation which distends the rectum and 

even the colon far beyond its natural capacity. The rectum in its enlarged 
condition ..resses against the womb, causing debilitv and almost certain 
i.sease of that organ. In case of pregnancy, piles follow as a necessary 
consequence of pressure on the hemorrhoidal veins. Bearing-down pains 
pan.s in the back, flatulence, coHc, swelling of the veins of the legs, head- 
ache, sleeplessness, miscarriage and many other diseases are the result of 
over distension of the bowels. 

Among women this habit of neglect is almost universal. An evacuation 
o the bowels ,s looked upon as an onerous duty, avoided as long as possi- 
ble, then performed in a liurried and imperfect manner. W'omen who are 



290 



CONSTIPATION 



occupied in stores, offices or factories, where they are surrounded by men, 
often, through a sense of false modesty, fail to heed the demands of nature. 

THE RETEN" v^N OF URINE MOST UNHEALTHFUL 

The retcntioi, of the urine beyond the time when it should be voided 
is a serious evil. Continued distension causes the walls of the bladder to 
relax and lose their elasticity. In its enlarged state tlic bladder presses 
against the womb in much the same manner as the over-distended rectum, 
and u-^ually with the same evil result. The sensitive womb, placed as i* is 
between the rectum and the bladder, is peculiarly liable to suffer from 
want of attention to either of these organs. 

The inconvenient and often dangerous closet accommodations, usually 
provided in the country and smaller towns, tend to increase the natural 
aversion to promptly heed the demands of nature. This is usually pLced 
some distance fioni the house, and constructed so openly as to e.xpose 
the innates to the rain in summer and snow and ice in winter. During 
the monihly period such exposure is exceedingly dangerous and it is 
little wonder tliat the sensitive or invalid woman dreads t .e ordeal and 
defers the same as long as possible. 

Earth closets should be constructed to take the place of the accommo- 
dations now so common. These can be made at a trifli.ng cost. The out- 
house may be built close against the dwelling, or a convenient corner in a 
warm woodshed may be utilized for this purpc.^ Beneath the seat, a 
large galvanized pail should be placed, the bottom of which should be 
well covered with ashes or dry dirt. After using the closet, a supply of 
ashes or dirt — which may be kept in a convenient place and handled by 
means of a small shovel — should be added to tl.e contents of the pail. The 
latter should be emptied and thoroughly c'eansed daily. When these 
directions are carried out. such a closet may be placed near or even in a 
house with perfect safety. 

ONE CAUSE OF WOMB TROUBLE 

To constipation is due many of the serious disorders of the womb. 1 his 
will be readily understood when it is seen that the enlarging womb — 



coxsTip.rnox 



a9i 



f 



collat''i'L'!'hT" "' «"""~ '""-presses aKai„s, „,c rccun,, causing a 

> ic resu U ,s t ,a, ,|,c ,ve,g|„ of ,l,c nialtcr thus acc„„„,Ialc,l prcs«c-« „,„.„ 
he womb a„,l .cml, .„ „rag i. .,„„,. ,„ ,„,„ ,„,^.^ ^,„ ^,^^.',. • ^ 
has the same tendency, and should be oarefull, av.mled 

The quahty and quantity „( ,he too,l taken has mu.l, to ,|., „ilh •. 
healthy state of the l>o«ols. They ,„ay b.„,n,e inactive tr„ , n e „ 
very nutr.fous food. The concentrated <.,rn,s of ,o„.l. s„ch as „ e \n 
.he vanons preparations of fine ,l„„r. which have little waste l,.,t 11 
emtrely ,o t he blood, g-e the bowels but little to ,lo an,l t Itbe 

should not be eaten. Cakes, con,lin>ents, rich pies and all confections tre 
.00 concentrated. Fat meats, dried and sal, n.eats, veal, game, 1 otl 
gross meats are constipating. ^ 

Fashionable dress is also one of the seri.ns causes of constipation 

he «a.st, but by the uiequaht.es of the clotlnng worn. The dress of the 

l^alf, and the puttnig on of an e.xtra skirt .Ices Httle to increase the warmth 
The cold a.r must necessarily get under the skirts, and the warmer tho 
body t.e quicker the air will rush up. In this way the temperature of the 
body from the wa.st down is kept several degrees lower than from the 
waist up. 

nrn^77uZ ^T' '^"' '"''' '''"'''''' '^'' '^'"^ ^'^'"^ ^"^ ^^tcries, and 
propels the blood trom the surface. Put your hand in ice water for a few 

moments and you will see it sh ,nk and colorless; the blood has been 
driven from it. This process is going on all the time where the dc.s is 
ess in one part of the body than in anotl .-r. In the coldest part the circt,- 
lation becomes slower as the blood is driven away. Worse still, the blood 
IS driven to other parts of the body where it is not 'v anted, where it clo-^s 
up and causes passive congestion. *' 

The bowels, like the stomach, have their function to perform in diges- 
tion; they require the same amount of animal heat, they also require unob- 



202 



CONSTIPATIOS 




struoted circulation. To expose the surface of the a»»lomcn. cau<»cs preat 
ex aporation of necdc.l heat; the diKcstion. robbed of its heat, its operation 
IS interfeced witli. becomes gra.h.ally slower, all its functions slower and 
<lelayed. the consequence is serious, and constipation is the result. The 
reason why men are n^.t so constipated as women is largely due to the 
fact that their dress keeps the whole of the body of an equal temperature, 
and the circulation mnmpeded. 

TREATMENT OF CONSTIPATION 

It will readily be seen from the preceding that the treatment should 
be one of prevention rather than of cure. The same means, however, that 
\\\\\ prevent constipation, if intelligently carried out. will usually Tect a 
cure. Regularity in the habits is one of the most importnnt points of treat- 
ment. The first effort should be to re-establish the natural habit of the 
bowels. 

The desire for food recurs at regular hours each day because it is cus- 
tomary to eat at certain times. In like manner a habit of the body may 
be established, by which a desire to evacuate the bowels will follow a 
given hour. It is not to be expected that this result can in a\ cases be 
attained in a day. a week, or even in a month. Obstinate cases of constipa- 
tion require time in which to restore the normal function of the rectum, 
but the end accomplished is worth much more than the effort expended.' 
A new habit cannot be formed or an old one altered, without persever- 
ing effort in the right direction. Tlie patient who is earnest in the search 
for health, should be encouraged to persevere for months in going to the 
water-closet without fail, once every day, at a certain hour, as regularly as 
the clock points to it. This i^ indispensable to a correction of the bad 
habit of constipation. 

A very effectual part of this regular endeavor is to cause the mind to 
dwell upon the necessity of an evacuation and the process itself, for at least 
half an hour before retiring to the proper place. It is not a difficult matter 
with many persons to create a desire in this way. Let no consideration of 
convenience enter into this punctual effort at stool. Once in the proper 



coxsT/i .mux 



20.1 



will only .cnZ ri " T '""*' T'^' "".'"• "•'"'""" ""■■"< •m..li.i„e 
cases. Ano r L; ;":o:'* '" '""""'■■'""' ' '*•'■ °'-"-'= 

VECETABLE AND ERllT DIET 

One sho..l,l cat picniifnily of veRetaWo diet .ueh as is l,v i, • l ,l , 
dialed to |,rod„ce fullness. If „„,. ,-„cs .n the ■., * ^^^^ '•■■'■ 

"I ffllness „f the al„lo„,cn sucJ^JCm 1 "»'"•""*" "..1. a sense 
Should the retruhr ,iZ,' i ''' ""'"' '"<'^'>- '" '"""»'• 

wwohisu,:d Xeiy ; s tZ .t;,:; ""vr - ■ •^'- '■«»"«• 

^ecetions of the intestines, while th^ •„,?:::, : e! .r, e ' i: di^^Z: tt 
bo«els, tncrease their peristaltic action, \-cry aci.l frnit ^ * , 

oran^e^produce their effect only on account l,:!!::^^;::^ 
Z'hH;;. '" "^"'''" "■ '" -- °' -'•" «'»- -ols are dry! hard 

lero7;L°f"T '"«S""°"' '^='""°> '« '°o faithfully follotved. The charac 

f "1 „ :: ^7^;;^--™"-'f>- .-at-intluence upon tl^ aZ 

me uo.\els. I uoul.l recommend one, wliether sic' nr uoli ♦ 
n«ly of fruits of all kinds. Make fruit a part of t^e eTervt ay oUar 

rnror^aiLr"-^ "^""- -" --"-- -' -'- -- 

It ,s important also that the food eaten should he hulky in its nature 
The stomach and tntestines are like rubber and contract o„ themselves.' 



294 



CONSTIPATION 



The stomach is full whether little or much food has been taken, and the 
same is true of the intestines. If the food is too concentrated, it is largely 
absorbed and there is not enough remaining to require a vigorous action 
of the bowels. The residue is also compact, dry and hard. A diet com- 
posed largely of fruits and vegetables seems to meet the wants of all those 
of costive habits. Among the vegetables, lentils, greens, turnips, squash, 
tomatoes, peas, spinach, asparagus, lettuce, rhubarb, green corn and cauli- 
flower may especially be used to advantage. 

ENTIRE WHEAT BREAD A HEALTH PRODUCER 
Nothing is so important as the bread that is eaten. With many this 
one item forms a large proportion of all the food that is taken. It is imper- 
ative then that it should be such as will not cause constipation. Bakers' 
bread should not be eaten, as it is almost sure to have an astringent effect. 
Tlie same is true of the bread made from the fine white flour in common 
use. Bread made from graham flour has been highly recommended, but 
on account of its coarseness, is not easily digested; it is far preferable, 
however, to white bread. When it can be obtained, flour made from the 
entTe wheat should be used. In the entire wheat flour, the gluten is pre- 
served; this makes bone and muscle, cures constipation, and is much 
richer in flavor than the ordinary white flour. 

Cake and pies made from this flour — if they must be had — are much 
more wholesome. This flour is now made in different parts of the country 
and can usually be easily obtained. Rye and Indian meal also make a deli- 
cious and wholesome bread. Oatmeal and cracked wheat may also be 
prepared in various ways which make them loosening to the bowels, and 
valuable articles of food. 

SHOULD WE DRL\K AT MEAL TIME? 

Regularity in the matter of eating should be observed, and the meals 
must not be taken in a hurried manner. If the food is not mixed with 
saliva, but swallowed with tea or coffee to wash it down, digestion is 
retarded. And if the food is eaten too rapidly, more is taken than is suffi- 
cient for nutriment. As a result, indigestion and constipation follow. 



CONSTIPATION 

on I^tAt^o;:sr ' ", ""^'' '"^■" "" ^-^"'^ '•"- -= "'-"^ 

drinks. Tea" likclwo h , , "°"" "'" '""' '""" '' "'■'"'^--J ^^ 
place by a strip of ,lry Z e 1. 1, T. "''°" t''°""" ""'' '"■''■' '" 

going to .e., I, suU ret:':! j^^^:;';^-^ ^"°""' "^ "p-^"'" - 

ENEMAS AND MASSAGES 

Tlie enema is another method which may be emnloved tn n . . 
where an immediate action of the bowels i. desired A f ? ^^ ^ ^^" 

bowels slowly and should be retained fifteen or, e '^t/ l' ! 
11 cc evacuation is almost sure to fnllnu- \\n • • . 

■ «-e ree.„™ is tbe cause of constipation, i, el::!::- ofi r:;;:;;':^,:: 

«.ll g.ve tone to that organ and prove of great benefit After, r 

over, the injeetions lose much of their efficien v „ d',;' tt 

much dependence should not be placed upo n ^n Sho ri.T" '" 

:rr:ra::::nhr i-i-"^ - ^^^^ .-: 
—1 or pur! oiiri:; 'c =d rbre,rt::tre: 



296 



CONSTIPATION 



should be kept free by the use of hygienic measures recommended in this 
chapter. 

HOW TO OVERCOME CONSTIPATION 

Exercise will not only prevent constipation, hut is one of the very 
best means of treating the same. It is preferable that outdoor exercise 
be taken where possible, but special indoor exercise may be made to 
answer the same purpose. To some it may seem that such simple means 
can be of little value in treating an obstinate disease, but simple as these 
means are, if patiently and thoroughly carried out, they cannot fail to 
alleviate, if not completely cure, the most obstinate cases. At the same 
time, they strengthen the whole body and thus prepare it to the more 
easily resist all other diseases. Such exercise should be taken as tends to 
strengthen the muscles of the abdomen, give tone and vigor to the mus- 
cular tissue of the bowels, and develop the diaphragm and other respira- 
tory organs. 

Is it not reasonable to suppose that if the arm of the blacksmith 
becomes strong by exercise, that any of the muscles of the body may in 
like manner be strengthened? Exercise quickens the circulation of the 
blood, the lungs, responding to the rapid flow, require a greater amount 
of air for oxygenation, and respiration is quickened to obtain this supplv. 
Every full breath taken imparts strong motion to the diaphragm, which in 
turn gives action to the contents of the abdomen. Hence the value of 
full and deep breathing and the corresponding necessity for free, untram- 
meled dress. 

It is by such exercises as climbing, rolling, crawling, jumping and play- 
ing generally that these contents are most disturbed. We are convinced 
« that these are the means that nature prescribes to secure healthful devel- 
opment and pow-r in these most essential parts of the body. As if to 
insure these healthful effects, nature has ordained that by respiration, as an 
efificient and constant means, these motions shall be secured to the alimen- 
tary canal. The abdominal contents may be considered as being located 
between two great muscular organs, the diaphragm and abdominal walls. 
These muscles act conjointly and simultaneously and upon all the 




A MOTHER'S LOVE 



If there be one thing pure 
Where all beside is «ti!licd,' 
That can endure. 
When all else passes away 
If there be aught 

Surpassing human deed or word, or thought 
It IS a mother s love. 




BECKONING HEAVENWARD. 

"Thrice happy world, where gilded toys 
No more disiurb our thoughts, no more pollute our joyi" 



CONSTIPATION 



299 



included parts, causing them to play incessantly upon each, and suhjcctin;r 
them to a constant and gentle pressure. 

One prime effect of exercise is the increase of the suhstance and the 
contractility of the abdominal muscular coverings. The walls of the abdo- 
men become, in the absence of proper exercise, weak, flabby, and unnat- 
urally distended when this occurs, the abdominal contents necessarily 
obey the laws of gravity, become dislocated and their fur^ions conse- 
quently impaired. Well directed movements restore the power of these 
walls, the smkmg organs are reinstated in their original position, and their 
function IS recovered. 

A great variety of motions may be given to one's own .ligcstive or^n-ms 
suited to different constitutions, conditions of disease. <levelop,nent orthe 
region, strength of the person, etc. A few forms are selected for the 
reader s attention, which if not entirely applicable for a given case, may at 
least prove suggestive of some other that will act more to the purpose. 

EXERCISE KO. i 

Position.-Lying upon a couch, with the shoulders raised and the limbs 
in an easy position. 

\^arieties of Action.-Kneading.-The two fists strongly clenched mav 
be pressed upon the ab.lomen so hrmly as to cause the subjacent parts t; 
yield before the pressure. This action is to be repeated for several minutes 
over the whole region of the abdomen. 

EXERCISE NO. 2 

Shaking.-The hands are applied to each side of the abdomen 
and alternate pressure given to it. producing a somewhat rapid oscillating 
movement of all the abdominal contents included between the two han.l! 

EXERCISE NO. 3 

Stroking.-Each hand is applied to the region of the groin 
the tips of the fingers nearly meeting, then each hand is to be drawn 
slowly, with much pressure, upward and outward. 



^t^^ 

*. 



300 



CONSTIPATION 




EXERCISE NO. 4 

Circular Stroking.— The pressure of the hands is made to fol- 
low the course of the colon, beginning low upon the right side of the abdo- 
men, passing around beneath the stomach, and terminating on the ^ide 
opposite. 

EXERCISE NO. s 

Clapping. — The extended hands are made to strike any portion 
of the frontal region of the abdomen. The blows should be given with 
each hand alternately at such a rate of rapidity and force as to produce no 
unpleasant sensations. If there is a point where pain is felt, the motion, 
at each successive application, should for a period be given to surrounding 
parts, approaching the tender po' it gradually until the pain disappears. 
The double fist may he used in place of the flat hand when it can be 
borne. 

All the above massage movements may be applied in the standing posi- 
tion with the trunk a little bent forward or stooping. 

EXERCISE NO. 6 

The patient should be seated upon the edge of a chair or other 
convenient seat, the position of the thighs at right angles and feet so 
extended as to form a large base. Raise the arms above the head ami 
parallel to each other. Now, let the body fall slowly forward in a diagonal 
direction, that is, in a line diiectly over one thigh, bringing the breast in 
close contact with the knee. After this the body slowly resumes its orig- 
inal position. This action may be repeated five or six times on each side. 
If it seems advisable that less effort should be expended in this movement, 
the hands may be clasped behind the back instead of raised above the head. 
If more force is desired a light pair of dumb bel's may be held in the hands, 
and the movement be performed as before. 

EXERCISE NO. 7 

The position of the body the same as in No. 6, with the excep- 
tion that it may be necessary to secure the feet to the floor by placinj,' 



CONSTIPATION j 

them under some firm object, or they may be held to the floor by another 

knet of one side, then allowed to fall slowly backward till it reaches a 

momrts^'?;?^""^"^^': '°'^°"^'' ^"'- ^^ --ins J?! 

P aredt;e. ? ""' '^'"^ '° '"^ P°^'^'"^- ^1- action may be re- 

he bo el" '^' r^^'r °^ '^' ''^°"^^" "P°" ^''''^ -'<^= it aL presses 
the bowels, and has a healthy action upon visceral organs. 

EXERCISE NO. 8 
.JTT. T" '' '" ''''''■ '^"°^^- ^'^e trunk to fall directly 

S^ oVfittimel'^ "'"'"^"'"^ ^^°''^"- ^"'^ ^''-^ ->• ^ -P-ted 

EXERCISE NO. 9 
Kneel upon the floor. s„ppor,n,g ,I,e knees „i,l, a cushion 
upon ,vh,ch . e knees should he placed as far apar, as possible. K e, 2 
t unk perpend,c„lar, and place the hands upon the hips. Dend the , ' k 
above the lups as far to one si,le as possible. ..\|iovv it ,o rcn , 
as far to the other side. The nto.,:, should be soJe ha d : Z 

the n, nentu™ may be felt upon the convex side. This acton n,av b 
repeated ten or .velve times. TI,e movement acts upon m„s le of eUhe 

'ffe«: U fh "''°" *' ='"""■ "•" »"" °"'" -S--i».a.ed in he re 'on 
affected by the mot.on as well as upon the abdominal walls and viscera 

EXERCISE NO. lo 
Seated upon a mattress, with legs extended horizontalK- the 
hands should be placed upon the head. Bend the trunk slowly a7 ar ft 
>vard as possible. Then return it slowly to its primary posUio , Th ." 
actton may be repeated five or six times. The movement' ele™ he ri 
ca„,,es the abdomtnal muscles to contract, and elevates the content! of" he 

EXERCISE NO. ii 
The trunk lies in a horizontal position, face downward. Lock 
the arms, and elevate the body so that its weight will res, entirely upon 



303 



CONSTIPATION 



the elbows and toes. The trunk may be held in this position a greater or 
less time, accord nig to the strength of the patient. The movement may 
be varied by raising and lowering the hips. This movement presses the 
contents of the abdomen toward the diaphragm, and often instantly 
relieves prolapsus of any of the pelvic organs, as that of the womb, vagina 
or rectum, restoring the parts to their natural condition and relation. 
Indeed, all other medical applications designed to meet the end here indi- 
cated, bear no comparison to this simple movement. By repetition the 
weak parts are strengthened, and a radical cure is effected. 

In closing this chapter I wish to impress upon my reader this one fact, 
that constipation can be prevented much easier than it can be cured. Let 
the mother bear this in mind, let her save her child from constipation, and 
she will save her from a hundred and one disorders that will render her 
Hfe a life of misery. 

TABLE SHOWING CONSTIPATING FOODS 

Laxative.— Rolled and cracked wheat, entire wheat bread, gems, mush 
from flour of the en.ire wheat, granula, bran gruel and jelly, fruit puddings, 
frui pies, with the crust made of ko nut (a vegetable oil), all fresh acid 
fruits, especially apples; tropical fruits, like oranges, lemons, grape fruit, 
etc. ; dried figs, French prunes and prunellas eaten raw. and stewed dried 
fruits. Of these peaches, plums, rhubarb and prunes are the best. Onions, 
celer\', tomatoes, cabbage, raw, corn, squash, cauliflower, green peas, spin- 
ach, lentils, beets, etc., are the best. 

Constipating.— Hot bread, white bread, white crackers, pastry made of 
white flour and lard, bread rolls, dumplings, etc., made with baking pow- 
ders, cake, all custard puddings, salted meats, salted fish, dried meats, dried 
fish. smo!:ed meats, poultry, cheese, boiled milk, tea. coffee, coffee' made 
from whe-t, corn, barley, toast, etc., etc. 

Lean .resh meats, fresh fish, eggs, raw milk, barley, buckwheat, and 
corn meal have no marked action either way, unless in exceptional cases. 



PART V 
HELPFUL HINTS TO MOTHERS 



CHAPTER XXII 
REGULATING NUMBER OF OFFSPRING 

^ ' * learned the laws of self rnnfr^ *'"'' '''"^ '"''^ "^^' -V^'^ 

may have proved tin f fli*> ..,^*i vc iai..i. i re\ious diiid-Ix-annif 

bringing of children into »,e worid d De ' «^ ''''' ""''^"'""'"'e 

.r a .re snui.:^:" "s^;:; ;e™ ::- stsi;--^ 

WHEN CONCEPTION TAKES PLACE 

and retains its vitality a few davs after trtlt^" 7 Tl?' '" ' " """* 

nun (.cabcb, 1 he cotuIitKjns of 
30J 



304 



LIMITATION OF OFFSf'RING 



health, teinperament and surrdiiiuHnKs are so varied that no iiifalhhlc law 
can he stated that will govern all cases. It may Ik.- ;• lid with certainty, how- 
ever, that from ten days after the cessation of the menstrual How until three 
days preceding its return, there is very little chance of conception, while 
the conver-e is e(|ually true. An understan<ling of this simple law has 
enahlcd many to regulate the numlx'r of offspring at will. To ,U) this, 
however, rerjuires something more on the jxirt of the hushand than to 
blindly follow animal jxission. 

HOW TO PREVENT CONCEPTION 




In order to prevent conception Iwth husband and wife must not only 
understand the law, but must heed it to the letter. Self-restraint during 
this period of menstruatic n as al)ove suggested must 
he closely obsene(' At first it may seem f;x)lish. but 
eviK-rience will i)n>ve it to l>e a wise course to follow. 
If necessary husband and wife should occupy different 
ajKirtments at this time. 

The (|uestion involves a problem of a very prac- 
tical nature. Selfishness, the rfx)t of all evil, must 
here l)e exterminated if the husband desires to follow 
the highest law and be to his family and humanity 
the greatest gootl. He must, of necessity, be full of 
force, of will, of love! The law of cause and effect 
can no more be annulled than can the law of gravi- 
tation. He who creates the cause and sets in motion 
the current of activities that produce the efifect must 
accept the effect. This methcMl of procedure is ideal and well carries out 
G(^ethe's l)eautiful ideas, "The highest state of man is a tranquillity of soul 
in which he loves what he commands himself to do." All self-denial is in 
its very nature, temporal ; all joy is in its nature, eternal. 

HOW TO HAVE A BOY OR GIRL 

The question is frequently asked, "Can a physician tell, liefore the 
child is born, whether it will be a boy or a girl ?" Many eminent physicians 




THE SPKRMATO/OA OR 

I.IFF (iEIlM OF THE 

MAI.K. 



LI MIT. IT I OS or or r STRING 305 

claim that this can he <Innc. an.l hase their nio.is t,pon what thcv sup- 
pose to l,c a hiw of naa.re. This law is to the effect tliat if concepti.,n" takes 
place .11 the early part of the menstrual peruxl a female chil.l uill he the 
rcsitlt; if m the latter part, a male child will he horn. It has heen ohserved 
tlut qi,een-hees lay female e^Rs first an.l male e^gs afterwanl. The same 
IS true of clomesticatcl fowls, an.l from these facts, the ohservations n.a.lc 
In- physicians, an.l the experiments .,f stock-raisers, this law has heen 
cle(Iuce.l. That it .l.,es not hol.I r.m>.1 i„ all cases, there can he little .louht 
l>iit. notwithstanding the excepti.)ns. I think that there is r.h„1 ground 
for the hehef. and that m a majority of cases the supj.ose.l law will prove 
true. 

From this it will he seen that if the unhorn child is a girl confinement 
should take place at the .late den.Me,l hy the pregnancy tahle. an.l that 
when a woman goes heyon.l this .Int. it should prove a hov. This will gen- 
crally he the case. Besi.les the ahove metlu^d of ascertaining the sex .)f the 
fnctus. the skilled physician can usually determine the same hy the f.ctal 
heart-heat. ;he pulsations heing more rapid in the female than tiie male. ' 



CHAPTER XXIII 

GENERAL DISEASES— THEIR PRETENTION 

AND CURE 



M 



AW physiciai 'ill contend that a disease must run its course. 
Tins can be proven to the contrary, hy a method I have found 
available in every disease, from a common cold or headache to 
a contagious, or a violent scwcr gas fever. If there is vitality enough to 
carry a patient through a disease by allowing it to run its course, then 
there is certaiidy enough vitality to arrest it before injurious drugs arc 
added, to act as a further inducement to derangement. 

The most dreaded diseases can be treated and prevented with absolute 
certainty. I>y the use of n fe\" harmless remedies, and by proper attention 
to the hygic'iic laws. By rcuulaling and restoring the capillaries of the 
system, we prevent or cure - iall-po\, typhoid, dengue, scarlet, yellow, 
remittent and intermittent fevi:. measles, diphtheria, peritonitis, cholera, 
cholera infnnlum, and all inlhnnmations and congestions. To maintain 
a healthy action -A the difTcrent tissues and apparatus of the skin, and the 
differcin sets of vessels found in them, attention to e.xercise, diet, respira- 
tion, clothing, bathing, light and air is of the greatest practical importance. 
Sickness, as a rule, is the penali . of physical wrong doing, yet Nature in 
her infinite wisdom, provides for its relief. 

This provision consists in the power of the system to remove diseased 
conditions. The vital energies may be aided in their work of restoration 
in two ways: first, by removing all the c.T'.res that tend to produce disease 
or to continue it. Second, by assisting the forces of the system in their 
effort to remove disease. 

HOW TO PREVENT DISEASE 

First. — Ordinarily, in all acute diseases, the patient does not desire 
food, and if it is taken and digested, the disease will be greatly increased 

306 



CESERAL DISH ASUS 



307 



by the stimuIati.M, of ,IK. d.ylc ula-„ cnvcr.cl into I,I,..,.|. If it is ,.„ 
< K-tc.,. .t w... a.M to the prostration of tl,o s, stnn. through irri.atio, ! 
the nuK-o„s „ie,nl.rane of the stutmch. S. tl,at in all inMances of ac • 
^I.sease food shonhl he withhel.I for a feu .lav. Thirst n.av he allave.. 
wnh COM water, l.arley or a,.,.Ie water, crust coffee, etc. When the patient 
n^ve.. h.s foo.l shonM he ,iven with regularity, in quantities not oppl^J' 
sue to he systetn. and not too frequently. In all instances where a physi- 
c.an ,s „. attendance, the foo-I shouhl he prepare.l un.ler lus ..d.- ^ ' 
.on. pnrt.cularly after medicine has heen withdrawn and the patien s 

-..co„,l._l|y ,|ie acliu,, „f 11,0 pcrspirnlnrv fla„,ls „f il,c sk;„ „ ,.„„ 
.nmoun, ,, was.c „,„„er is rcnu.vcl ,n„„ ,,,0 ..u.,n. I„ ,i L .' , , 

"I.stn,cte,l, f ,1,0 „,,.,n. niatter is s„ffcT.,l ,„ rcn,.-,i„ „,„,., ,1,0 .l<i„ 'ILis 

...nc.K,„ a,,., „,,s.r,K.,i,.„ very „u,c., i„„oasos ,„o .,,, .ess ,.. 

ease,) organs co„sc,|,K.,„ly rc,n„vi„K .l.i, co„,li,i„n. M at.en.i,. , n 

state as wdl expedite a return to health 

of l.oal.l,. I„ all oases of .lisease.l ae.ion. ,l,c surface of ,he !,o,iv l,eoo 
oga„ve. reversing .l,e na.ural or healthy cnn,li,i„„. which is p„si i -e , 
.Hncss ,hc l,Ioo,l rece,les fron, .he surface Incallv. or generallv .1, eri 
.eco„,es „os,„ve, an,, ,lisease<l acion res„„s in' „„e or n.ore organs Ja 

I St. h ' °''r °' T"'"' '" '"'""" ■•"""'""•^"> ""-'•"■ 'I- etching a 
rl „ e „,ro„ghon, ,he entire ho,ly .hrongh ,l,e acion of ,he svmpa. 

1 ' T. "" '"""'""" """ "" "'"''' -KK-.ions will gener- 
allv prevent the most contagions of diseases. 

MATERIA MKDICA 

Honroopathic remedies are prepare<l in the form of pills, pow.lers ai„l 
l.qmds. dtffenng ,„ degrees of strength. .\ dose, when prepare.l as a 



3o8 



GENERAL DISEASES 



powder, is an amount that can be held on a one-cent piece; when pre- 
pared as pills, from five to six every hour, and in the form of a liquid, five 
to six drops in half a glass of water. In the latter case, give one teaspoon- 
ful every twenty or thirty minutes. The frequency with which medicine is 
administered depends entirely on existing conditions. In chronic diseases, 
give from one to three doses a day. In acute diseases, remedies are given 
more frequently, every thirty or sixty minutes, or every two hours, accord- 
ing to the severity of the case. In regard to the strength of the medicine, 
the third attenuation is generally preferred of the vegetable remedies. Of 
the mineral compounds, such as iron, arsenicum, phosphates, silica, sul- 
phur, carbonates of lime, phosphates of lime, mercury, bromides, etc., the 
sixth attenuation is preferable. 

In the following pages are given diseases and their indications, with the 
corresponding remedy most needed. 

ACUTE INFLAMMATION OF THE KIDNEYS 

The symptoi. s are chilliness, vomiting, pain each side of the spine just 
above the hip l)one. and painless swelling of the feet, legs and other parts 
of the body. The urine thickens if boiled, showing the presence of albu- 
men. Causes. — It has been found by experiment, that out of two hundred 
cases, sixty-eight were produced by intoxicating drink and taking cold; 
sixty by exposure, and twenty-five by scarlet fever. Treatment. — Give 
the patient hot baths, exciting perspiration as soon as possible. In this 
way the skin is kept moist during the course of the disease. Bathe the 
spine and the region of the kidneys three or four times a day with alcohol, 
diluted one-third with hot water. Aconite 3d (see this chapter, Materia 
Medica) is the remedy used for the chilliness, fever, thirst and scanty urine, 
arsenicum Cth for dropsical swelling, mercurius corrosivus for mucus, 
blood or pus in the urine. Apis mellifica. sixth decimal trituration, may 
also be given in alternation with arsenicum for dropsical swelling. Diet. — 
Abstain from all solid food for a few ilays, using only slippery elm tea, 
crust coffee, and lemonade without ice. 



^•^^■fcsrJ^^SiS.' 



/■♦Ji^^kJV, 



;,<«KSKlflI 



GENERAL DISEASES 



309 



ist 
rts 



)U- 



Id; 
ve 
lis 



-la 
le, 

IS. 

av 



:a, 



BRIGHTS DISEASE, OR CHROXIC XEniRITIS 

Syr .ptoms.— Gradually increasing debility, a frequently irritable inil>e 
dyspepsia and vomiting. Pale, bloated appearance, occasional loss ,.1 
appetite, dropsy, and frequent desire to urinate. The urine is Ijoht in 
specific gravity, and forms a thick white dep.jsit of albumen when l).,ilo(l. 
Causes.— Hereditary tendency, frequent exposure to cold, cold feet. 54. nu. 
scarlet fever or dyspepsia. Treatment.— The secretions (.f the skin should 
be kept active by frequent hot baths. Turkish. Russian, iiut water and 
alcohol baths are all excellent, and should be taken in a warm room two 
or three times a week. Arsenicum Oth and helonias 3d are the principal 
remedies. The condition of the stomach, bowels and skin should receive 
special attention, as the disease results principally from a defective condi- 
tion of these emunctories. One uf the most important features in the 
treatment is to maintain a free action of the skin, as by this means the 
blood is diverted from the kidneys, and purified. All stimulants and 
diuretics must be avoided. 

TREATMENT OF BRIGHT'S DISEASE 

The specific treatment for degeneration of the kidneys consists in the 
building up of the system by extra breathing, diet, bathing, and rest from 
mental worry. Bathe the lower half of the back, also base of brain, if 
pain exists, and the bowels, if inactive, with alccjhol and hot water. e(|ual 
parts of each. Bathe and rub freely every other night, using only cold 
water over the parts with a sponge or coarse cloth, then drying thoroughly. 
Diet.— The diet given here is unlike that usually prescribed for Bright's 
disease. The most nourishing food is selected, that which docs not "con- 
tain sugar or starch, as these ingredients do not give strength but only 
produce heat, thereby causing inflammation. Bread made from entire 
wheat flour, beef, mutton, tongue, oysters, raw or cooked without flour, 
and all kinds of fish or poultry not cooked or thickened with flour. Let- 
tuce, cucumbers, onions, asparagus, cold .law, celery, string beans, sour 



amim Q^ 



310 



GENERAL DISEASES 



apples, peaches with cream, strawberries without sugar, coffee and tea in 
moderation, milk and buttermilk are all beneficial. 

Eat slowly, in moderate quantities, and take as little liquid as possible 
at meals. Sleep eight hours of the twenty-four. Patients in the last stages 
of the disease have been perfectly restored to health, under the above 
treatment, even when able to pass only two-thirds of a teaspoonful of urine 
at a time, which, being set in the sun, would ahnost entirely coagulate into 
albumen. 

DIABETES 

Definition.— A constitutional disease characterized by an excessive dis- 
charge of pale, sweet and heavy urine, containing grape sugar. Diabetes 
is a morbid condition of the blood, characterized by an abnormal increase 
of sugar. In healthy blood, it exists in an extremely minute quantity 
and is most abundant a short time after meals. Causes.— Diabetes is con- 
sidered by most physicians a nervous disease, and incurable. There is a 
defect in the chemical process by which the sugar and starch of the food 
are appropriated to the nutrition of the body. The natural process is inter- 
rupted at the point where grape sugar is produced, and the excess of this 
substance in the blood is carried off by the kidneys. Treatment —The 
same as prescribed for Bright's disease. Deep breathing, and hot baths, 
concludmg by sponging off with cold water, are most important. All dis- 
eases of the kidneys are curable under this treatment. The remedies used 
are. phosphoric acid water, prepared as omonade, for the thirst, and urani- 
um nitncum, third trituration. Give a powder every night. Diet.— The 
same as for Bright's disease. 

CRAMPS 

Cramps are a violent involuntary action of a few of the voluntary 
muscles. Causes.-Cramps of the muscles of the stomach and bowels are 
caused by worms, or by indigestible food, poisons or ice water. Cramps 
of the legs and arms occur in cholera. They may also be produced bv 
exposure to cold, as in bathing, or may be the result of a deficient supply 
of blood to the parts. Treatment.-Hot poultice-a quart of scalded corn 



GEXERAL DISEASES ,„ 

mea! and a tablespoonful of red pepper, placed bet.veen two flannel clo.hs 
ani ZZ " '°'" "■""" "- ''"' - -"-'-■ ■"«-''" 

SIMPLE CHOLERA 
toi" XT "'"*" '"''^"'"'^"■°" <" «'« ^'o-acl, and intestines. Sy.np- 

ness, and somefmes cramps of the legs an<l alKlon,™. Treat.nent -If 
here ,s coldness and prostration, or cold sweat, give two to three , op, o 
.he strong fnct e of veratrun, viride, one drop in a glass of wat lose 
one .easpoonful every ten „,i„„,es. ,f there is vontiting an.l pn'rgh g 
g.v 'so >.ratrum alba once an hour. If thirst predominafes giv Is f 
cu . J , -Apply heat to the extremities, also hot capsicun,. Pre ar no 

lay over the abdomen and stomach. 

ASIATIC CHOLERA 

Symptoms.-Sudden prostration of strength, coldness of the surface 
^^.th great mternal heat and thirst, cramps in the thighs I... toes and 

^vater. In the advanced stage, the pulse is hardlv perceptible the eves are 
sunken, the face is pinched, the voice reduced to a hoarse u hi per th 
IS extreme restlessness and thirst, with cold, clammy sweat. 

ST. VITUS DANCE 

ease'«7::a7o;;'h'- h''-'" '""• "' '"'"''■ '•' "^«-'' - ^ -"ous dis- 
tTm'; ,L!', 1 " '"PP"^'"' '° ^" « '""« '" "'^ l'"i". and a, other 

« f ti ::!,':l: t: ""™'r-"'^"'- ■'>• ''^r--' ••- ™h,ntarv n,„s. 

much ,o h " """"■"^'' ''>' "" »°"' "' involuntarv grimace, 

much ,he annoyance of the patient. Children between the ;ge, of file 

«oi d^ " TatrM t'T' '" '"' ="'«'""■ Trea.men,.-Pi?i„, 1 i! 

contitted rive! r • ;" '"^ ""•"■ •™'' ^•'"Se off with cold. If 

onsttnated, g,ve a powder of nux vomica every night. If there is a pale, 



312 GENERAL DISEASES 

bloodless conclition, give ferrum phosphoricum, first decimal trituration, 
one grain aftei every meal. If there are symptoms of coma, give santo- 
nine. If there is delayed menstruation, give Pulsatilla every morning. 

COLDS 

Treatment. — ^ or muscular soreness and tenderness, headache, cold 
feet, stiff, sore feeling over entire body, take aconite and bryonia in alter- 
nation, wrap up warmly, and promote perspiration. See catarrh, neural- 
gia and sore throat. 

CATARRH 

If precautions are taken to maintain an increased capillary action over 
the entire surface of the body, until normal and healthy action of the 
mucous membranes be established, and the treatment repeated with every 
new cold, catarrh of any kind could not become chronic. If the feet are 
permanently kept warm by proper dressing, and bathing from two to three 
times a week, as described in previous chapters, by placing in hot and cold 
water alternately, from thirty to forty minutes at a time, one of the greatest 
causes of disease would be removed. Patients who are subject to the use 
of tobacco in any form, need never look for a permanent cure or relief from 
catarrh or disease of any kind until this habit is overcome, and the system 
rid of the tobacco poison. There are numerous nervous coughs that arise 
from irritation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi and capillaries of 
the lungs. Give two to three doses of nux vomica, third trituration, two 
to three times a day, dry on the tongue, for two or three days, and the 
cough readily disappears, but not permanently unless the tobacco habit is 
discontinued. With Turkish, or hot baths of any kind, taken twice a week, 
inducing free perspiration, to eliminate the offending poison of the tobacco 
from the system, the most obstinate catarrh can be permanently cured if 
the treatment is persevered in. Nux vomica is an antido*? for tobacco, 
and the best local and constitutional tonic in the Materia Medica. Deep 
extra breathing is also an important essential. 



GENERAL DISEASES 



313 



COLIC 

. ^^"^.^^--Exposure to cold. alsc. indigestion. uorn)s. a.id lead poison- 
ing. It .s distinguished from inflaninialion of the bowels, in that pressure 
relieves pain where in intlammation pressure is pai.,ful. Treatment -The 
hot corn meal and red pepper poultice placed between Hanuel cloths and 
laid over the entire bowels. Wrap the patient warmly, and give a httle 
nux vomica, third attenuation, in some water. 

CORXS 

Treatment.-Bathe the feet v.ell until the hard skin is softene.l about 

he corn, and apply strong nitric acid to the hornv center, with a camel's 

hair brush. Then take a sharp penknife and peel awav the soft, .leadened 

skin. Apply the acid two or three times during the treatment. The acid 

destroys the horny center 

COUGH 

Causes.-Taking cold, but is usually a symptom of some other trouble 
such as bronchitis, dyspepsia, or constnnption. It mav also result from' 
the use of tobacco, which produces a nervous rough. Treatment - 
Cough, with a dry. inflamed throat, recpdres belladonna, which should 'be 
taken as frequently as the severity of the case mav reqmVe. For drv hard 
painful cough, with stitches in the chest, bryonia should be given ' 'if the' 
cough IS caused by irritation, owing to the poison of tobacco give nux 
vomica, mght and morning. For lou.l. hollow, ringing cough, give spon- 
g.a. For short, hacking cough, with tight feeling in the chest, and frothv 
rust colored sputa, give phosphorus three times a day. 

DIARRHJIA 

Causes.-Usually. the causes are. taking cold, indigestion, or dentition 
Symptoms.— Frequent fluid evacuatioiis from the bowels. Treatment — 
Tf the attack is cans- taking cold. • onite shouK' be given, in connec- 

tion with a hot foot .. and hot applications over the bowels. If the 



3U 



GENERAL DISEASES 



result of indigestible food, mix vomica is the most efficient remedy, in 
connection with the hot local ai)plications. Food should he taken in f^uid 
form, at regular intervals. Corn starch is excellent, as well as oatmeal or 
farina gruel. When diarrhrea is the result of teething, use camomile. 

DROPSY 

Dropsy may be induced by chronic or acute disease of the kidneys, or 
by chronic disease of the liver. Dropsy of the brain or chest, by inflamma- 
tion of the serous membranes. Symptoms. — Dropsy, from disease of the 
kidneys, may early be noticed under the eyes; it also begins at about 
the same time in different parts of the body. It is accompanied by pain 
in the region of the kidneys, and .scantiness of the urine. If the cause is in 
the liver, the swelling begins in the cavity of the abdomen, afterwards 
commencing in the feet, and working upward in the same manner as in 
cases of heart, or kidney disease. 

Dropsy of the brain is usually i. onfined to children. 

Dropsy of the chest is generally the result of chronic pleurisy, as mani- 
fested r\ the swelling of the affected side of the chest. Treatment. — 
Arsenicum is one of the best remedies for dropsy of the tissues, from what- 
ever cause. Apis mellifica is the best known remedy for acute dropsy aris- 
ing from disease of the kidneys. Hot baths are excellent: also bathing 
and friction over the region of the kidneys, with alcohol. Excite capillary 
action by wearing a capcine plaster over the kidneys for two days, then 
remove and use the alcohol again in the same manner. In this way a 
healthy action of the kidneys will be restored. Keep the feet w-arm, and 
bathe them every other day in hot and cold water alternately. 

DYSPEPSIA AND INDIGESTION 

Causes. — Dyspepsia may be proc' ced by various causes. It may result 
from an abnormal condition of the nervous system, or from over stimulat- 
ing food or drink, such as mustard, pepper, fermented liquors, ice cream, 
tea or coffee. Worr\' and anxiety of the mind, or depression of the spirits 
from any cause, are the principal .sources of dyspepsia. So long as the 




. ^^ARV AND THE CHILD JESUS 

;:■' -holly acquiescent kr the "mothe^'caS' nTr* " fr-,J/V.„ >:", ^T^P'^' '"other-heart 



'■"t Wholly acquiescent 
t-cept her own babe." 



— Gunsaulus. 




MAIDENHOOD. 

A child no more! a maiden now — 

A graceful maiden, with a gentle brow: 

A cheek tinged lightly and a dove-like eye; 

And all hearts bless her as she passes by. 

Mary Howitt. 



GliXliRAL DISH. IS US ,,, 

J'/ 

mind is dull and gloomy. fn„n disai.,...intnK-nts in l.usincss .,r l.uc the 
cfYoct Ks the san.c-dircct oppression of ,ho vital forces. All fn...l Ih-c'.mk-s 
po.sonons to the syste.n in time, if retained in the ston.-u-h until s„„red 
and en.eme<t Sonr and fern,ented food produces sour and aci-l Mood. 
B) the act.on of blood thus impoverished, the mind becomes penna.ienilv 
gIoot..y. eansmg chronic dyspepsia. Symptoms.-These con.plaints are 
readdy recogn.zed by the following conditions, nantely. accunudation of 
wind, and ormat.on of acids in the stomach. Patient feels ,unl, for mental 
or physical labor; hands and feet ^^enerally cold. Want of appetite or 
morbul cravmg for sour, spicy, and acid articles, (iradual .adin, in d'e.h 
and strength. Treatment.-Correct diet is of the tUn,ost in.portance 
Plam food ,s necessary, with no dt.ids at tneals. Soups and dtnds of everv 
knui should be taken before meals, or two hours after. If corpulent o'r 
ean, avoid all sweets, an.l all strong acids. .Abstain fro.n a meal frec.uentlv 
to give the stomach rest. Take hot baths of all kinds keepin,^ ,l,e fc^t 
warm by bathing frequently, and wearing thick-sole.l shoes, 'ihe rem- 
edies for c.yspepsia are. nux vo.nica. subnitrate of bismuth, and lacto pep- 
sin. Mix, and take two grains after each meal. 

EPILEPSY 

Symptoms.-Sudden loss of consciousness, and nunor disturbances in 
the form of more cr less severe convulsions. These attacks recur at irrecr- 
"lar periods in the beginning of the disease. Causes.-I lereditarv dispos^i- 
tion, digestive disturbances, over-exertiou. and great fatica.e 'The loss 
of consciousness may be either su.blen and complete, th^ patient being 
stricken down as if by lightning, or it may be a little more ,n-adnal- in 
,th,s case, the patient, when falling, partly reali.es his condition and 
endeavors to save himself from injury. 

Treatment.— The patient shouhl be firmlv held, or sufficientlv re- 
strained to prevent self-injury. After the attack, allow him to sleep as 
long as possible. Belladonna should be given in the premonitr.rv sta.^e 
■t there ,s congestion in the face, or headache. Xux vomica is useful 
between attacks, to regulate the digestive functions. 



3i8 



CLSERAL DiaEASEa 



ERYSIPELAS 

This disease is caused by exposure to cold, by wounds, or contagion. 

At first, the eruption is of a l)right red color, later assuming a livid hue. 

There is a constant burning of the skin, and sometimes pus is formed and 

discharged. Treatment. — V'eratruni viride is the specific remedy for this 

disease. Aconite and belladonna, in alternation, are the best remedies 

in the early stage. Cantharis, ten drops in one pint of water, is t'.e best 

local application. Wet a linen handkerchief in the lotion and spread over 

the face. 

FOREIGN BODIES IN THE EYES 

Treatment — Take one or two grains of ground flaxseed and place 
under the eyelid. The foreign body will be taken up by the flaxseed as it 
moves about in the eye. The process is painless. 

FELON 

Causes. — Blows and bruises, or an impoverished state of the blood. 

Symptoms. — ^ appetite, with headache, backache, and pain in the 

limbs. The patient 3 fevcr;.;h, and unable to sleep, with flushed face and 

strong pulse. Treatment. — 'Dip the felon in lye water, to keep it soft, or 

apply a soap poultice. When the part begins to swell, lance it to the bone. 

Give two grains of silica, third decimal trituration, three to four times a 

day. 

GRAVEL 

Causes. — Exposure to cold, extreme fatigue, hereditary tendency, 
and luxurious living. Symptoms. — Uneasiness in the back and loins, 
thirst, a dry tongue, and constipation. Treatment. — Avoid all intoxicat- 
ing drinks, taking soft or boiled water only. Holland gin, given in water, 
will aid in dissolving the stone; camomile will also have this effect, and 
tends to prevent its formation. 

GOITRE 

Goitre is an enlargement of the thyroid gland, or a thickening of the 
neck, and is of slow growth. In time this gland becomes enormously 



GENERAL DISEASES j,, 

•wollen. pro,l„ci„g M>or,„«s „f l,ro.,.h. a„,l. i„ sn„,o ca,c,. ol,„r,H-,i„,. 
.1.0 crcula,,,,,, „f M„o.I i„ „,e ,„ain. Tr..-.,„u.,„.-,;iv. ,„„ J , of 

COUT 

taking col, . Symploms—Pain in the small j„i„,s, con.mcncinL- i„ ih. 
grea. ,oe .„e Ik-oI. .„e k„oe, ..,c l,an,l. ,l,c wris.!or ,l,o di.o T ',,1 ,' 

of ..ce. „,1 and one ounce of amn.onia. Mix. an,l apply freely. i;iv 

liour. ..\lsn make frecp.cn. „se of ho, l,a>h.. Die, sl,„„l,l be light wi.U 
no animal food or paslr>-. 

HAY FEVF.R 

This is a supersensitive condition of the mncons meml.rane aggn- 
vated "y .He pollen of various growths, principally the ragweed S 

2e;~n ; ^ ^^ '■• "' '"" '""" "' "">• ■<'■""• --•'"■^^.>K- with cold 
« ter. n ectncty, scientifically applied, is also heneficial. The positiv 

u face, with a small nasal electrode covered with fine sponge. Make the 
>a.h, of some kind, a tlaily cistom. Patients a.ldiced !o the se o 

tohacco cannot be cured unless this habit is discontinued, as the poiso , o 

tobacco antidotes any remedy. 

HEADACHE 

Treatment.-When headache results from cold, bathe the fee, in ho, 

and cold water, alternately. Aconite is ,he remedy. For periodical head 

ches. om,t food twentyfour hours. Ignatia 3d is the remedv. I, ,a i- 

Che occurring before and after menstruation should l,e treated' with nux 

omica and Pulsatilla; if caused by anxiety or excitement give ignatr 

.hird atte^uation, in water, every hour. Bryonia will cure a Ilea ale 



320 



GENERAL DISEASES 



which is more paitifu! uhcn the patient moves ahout. This headache is 
chaMctcrize*! by irritabihty. 



PALPITATION OF THE HEART 

The most common iHsease of the heart is palpitation, caused by mental 
troul)' .'S, dyspepsia, formation of gases, suppressed meustrualion, or an 
impoverished conditio; of the blood. If the disease results from mental 
troubles, jjivc ijjnatia. If from dys|)cpsia, nux vomica and Pulsatilla. If 
caused by worms, give santonine or cina. Pulsatilla is the best reme«ly if 
the patient is suffering from suppressed menstruation. 

FAINTING 

Causes. — Sudden fright, violent injuries, severe pains, oppressive 
odors, the presence of indigestible matter in the stomach, loss of blood. 
Treatment. — Anmionia or camphor held to the nostrils. The patient 
should be laid Hat on the tloor, or a bed, and the feet placed first in hot 
water, then in cold. 

HYSTERIA 

Hysteria is a disease of the nervous system, confined almost wholly to 
females. Usually, the attacks are sudden and irregular, though in some 
cases, periodical. The patient bursts into a fit of weeping, soon to be 
followed by convulsive laughter. The disease generally makes its appear- 
ance before puberty, and is supposed to have its origin in deranged uterine 
action, also debility and nervous exhaustion. Ignatia is the remedy for 
nervous exhaustion; macrotin and Pulsatilla for the menstrual derange- 
me' t. Exercise, deep breathing and outdoor life are very important. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE BLADDER 

Causes. — Taking cold, intoxicating drink, cold feet, too long retention 
of urine. Symptoms. — Pain and weight in the sides and lower part of the 
abdomen. Treatment. — Aconite is the remedy in the first stage, given in 
alternation with cantharis. Rest in bed is necessary. Apply external heat 



(JUS URAL DISU.lSliS 



331 



over the blad.Icr. ^ivc imicilaKiM.,us .Irink:. plain fcnl. an.l .sec tliat the 
bowels arc kept regular 

rKRITOMTIS 

Causes—Absorption of animal p.,isons after chiMl.irth. itirpica! 
injuries. Ushere.l in with chills, fever, an.l small, quick, hard pulse. AKo 
extreme pain, ati.l tenderness of the alxlonien. 

INFLAM.MATIOX OF THK im.\I.\. OR MKXI.NGITIS 

Symptoms.-Me.unKitis is characterized by ri^n.rs. a h..t. drv skin, 
hard and fre.,uent pulse, hurrie.l respiration, depression „f spirits vcrtij,'o 
nitensc headache, loss of appetite, vmitinff and c.nstipation. 'Hie eyes 
have a wild expression. Delirium sets in earlv. the patient bein^ n..isy 
violent an.l restless. These symptt.ms continue three or four .lavs after 
which the fever abates, the pulse lla^s. the t..nKue is ,lry an.l br.mn. an.l 
the delirium is apt to pass into stupor or etna. In a few .lavs there is 
extreme prostration, the symptoms resemblin^r tl,.,sc ..f tvj.'hus fever 
W hen the disease terminates favorably, the impr..vement ' is K'ra.lual. 

Treatment.— (JeNcmium or veratrum vir-'de everv half hour. I!atl,c the 
feet in hot water, then cold, alternatinj,- in this xsay f..r tlurtv minutes, two 
to three times a .lay. gra.lually increasinjj the temperature .,f the h..t water 
and decreasing that of the col.l. Also bathe the head in h..t water, then 
in cold. In the intervals of treatment, keep a wet cloth on the head 
Induce free perspiration. The nourishment should be mild, such as Iamb 
broth, and gruels made from the cereals. 

SOFTENING OF TEIF RRAIN 

Causes.— -Imperfect nutrition, alcoholic drinks, tobacco, injuries to the 
brain, growth of tumors upon the imicr surface of the skull. 

Symptoms.— Similar to those in inHammation of the brain. There is 
an impairment of the intellectual faculties, embarrassment in askin- .|ncs- 
tions. melancholy, drowsiness, particularly after eating, impaired vi.ion 
an.l hearing, and pricking and twitching of the limbs, sometimes accom- 
panled by pain, or by numbness. In -the inflammatory form, the limbs are 



322 



GENERAL DISEASES 



more fretiuently the seat of painful cramps, stiffness, and contraction. 
There may be nausea, constipation, difficult micturation, and laljored respi- 
ration, which becomes stentorious towards the last. A state of coma 
ensues, which may pass off in a day or two, but only to return and become 
more profound, until terminating fatally. Softening of the brain occurs 
more frequently after the fiftieth year, although it is possible at any period 
of life. 

Treatment. — Turkish and vapor baths, hot and cold foot baths, 
daily. Rest from mental application is necessary, also abstaining from 
all liquors. If addicted lO the use of tobacco, the habit must be discon- 
tinued. Diet. — Select food from that prescribed for lean and nervous 
people. The best remedies are, phosphoric acid prepared as a lemonade, 
and nux vomica. 3d trituration, three times a day. Take plenty of out- 
door exercise, and live in an atmosphere of music and agreeable company. 
This will assist in niainta-'ning a cheerful frame of mind. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE BREASTS 

This develops chiefly during the period of nursing. Causes. — Stagna- 
tion of the milli within the glands, from taking cold, or external injuries. 
Symptoms. — Cold chills and rigors, with severe pain in the breasts, which 
feel hard and congested. Treatment. — Aconite every half hour. Prepare 
a poultice of flaxseed, adding a tablespoonful of black pepper. Mix thor- 
oughly and spread on a cloth the size of the breast, cutting a hole for the 
nipple. Soak the feet in hot salt water, and remain in bed, covered warmly, 
keeping an even heat over the entire body. 

EARACHE 

Causes. — Taking cold, the extension of inflammation, as in scarlet 
fever, chronic catarrh, etc. Symptoms. — Buzzing in the ears, with pain. 
headache, and dullness of hearing. Treatment. — Aconite in the first stage, 
copious hot douches into the ear by means of a fountain syringe. Also 
mix a few drops of chloroform with a teaspoonful of cosmoline, place on 
cotton baiting and lay in the ear. 



GENERAL DISEASES 
INFLAMMATION OF THE THROAT 



32i 



This is an inflammation xii »'-.■ ,->i,..r and hack portions of the throat. 
Symptoms.— Pain, swelling, ar .! a dark n.d to or of the mucous membrane. 
In the chronic condition, ulci-.-« ma} aj-pt ir scattered over the surface. 
Treatment.— Belladonna, ^d au.,i.;^t. • . Gargle the throat with alcohol 
and water, equal parts, every hour. 

JAUNDICE 

Symptoms. — Yellowness of the skin and whites of the eyes. Treat- 
ment.— Febrifugo No. I, of the Mattei remedies, hot baths of all kinds, 
and correct living. 

NEURALGIA 

This is a functional disorder of some particular nerve. Thysiologically, 
an irritation in the course of one or several sensory nerves. Causes.— 
Hereditary predisposition, malaria, exposure to cold, thinness of the blood. 
Treatment. — For constitutional debility, enrich the blood, and excite its 
circulation with hot baths. Iron phosphate, third attenuation, is the rem- 
edy. Keep the feet warm. Diet.— Bread made of whole wheat flour, 
eggs, vegetables, oatmeal at breakfast, and fruits. Indulge in plenty of 
pure air, and omit fluids at meals. 

NERVOUSNESS 
Treatment. — If caused by general debility, nux vomica is the best 
remedy, in connection with hot baths. If by mental anxiety, read chapter 
on mental healing. If the cause is disease of the uterus, use hot injections, 
two or three times a week. Pulsatilla and helonias. night and morning. 
Dyspepsia is one of the greatest sources of debility, causing various 
degrees of nervous disturbance. Remove the cause by eating with great 
precaution only such food, in small quantities, as is easily digested. 

THE NOSE-ITS INDICATION, IN HEALTH OR DISE.ASE 
General Observations. — An habitually pointed nose denotes derange- 
ment in the mesenteric glands of the bowels, and general atrophy. When 



324 



GENERAL DISEASES 



the nose becomes suddenly pointed in children, it denotes an impending 
spasm. A thick, swollen nose indicates intlamniation, if accompanied by 
pain, heat and redness, or scrofula; rachitic diseases. If the nose becomes 
■ suddenly pointed during the act of parturition, it indicates internal hemor- 
rhage, complete exhaustion, or threatening convulsions. 

The pointed nose of a nursing mother indicates her complete unfitness 
for that ofhce. When observed during severe illness, it is always a grave 
symptom, indicating extreme exhaustion and collapse. 

A heavy motion of the nasal wings during respiration is a sign of 
impeded respiration, due either to asthma, pneumonia, croup, dropsy in 
the chest, or incipient paralysis of the respiratory muscles; also utter pros- 
tration. 

Circumscribed redness of the point of the nose, cheeks, and forehead, 
with paleness and coldness of the other parts of the face, denotes, in pneu- 
monia, that suppuration has taken place. 

A coppery, shining redness of the root of the nose is a sign of existing 
syphilitic ulcers within the nose. 

An habitually cold nose is found in disordered states of the abdominal 
viscera, in dropsical complaints, and in chlorosis. 

A grayish, lead-colored nose is found in dropsy of the chest and peri- 
cardium, in induration of the lungs, and in some malignant forms of 
typhoid fever. 

Single, lead-colored stripes on the nose have been observed in obstruc- 
tion of the portal vein. 

A bluish color of the nose is found occasionally in apoplexy, croup, 
diseases of the lungs, heart, and larger blood-vessels; in short, in all mor- 
bid conditions which cause stagnation of the blood. 

Brownish, yellowish spots on and over the nose, in the form of a saddle, 
usually indicate a diseased liver, or chronic leucorrhoea. 

"A blackish fur at the base of the nostrils, is found in typhus epidemic, 
dysentery, cholera, in fact, in any condition of great prostration." — Cow- 
perthwaite. 



GEXERAL DLSE.iSES 



HEARTBURN' OR WATF.R-RRASII 



325 



Drink crust coffee in p,ace of water, l.oth at n,eal tin,e and otherwise 
Take as a remedy the following: ciuksc. 

Tinct. of night-blooming cereus. 6 drops, in full glass of water. Dose- 
Tahlespoonful every hour until relieved. Take both night an,| n,orning 
one to two teaspoonfuls of pure olive oil. ^ 

GAS IX THE STOMACH 

drint'llT; " '° '° ''"'' " """" = "■"" '■■ «-^ o, wan,, „a.cr; 

GUxMBOIL 

A decaycl roo, of a tooth causes inlla„,n,„,i„„ an.l abscess of tl,c ,->„„ 
wh.ch ahsccss breaks an.l becomes a g.nnboil 

Fon,e„t the „,„si,le of the face with a hot ca,„„„,ile an.l p,,,pv hea.l 
fonten a„o„, a,Kl apply ,„ ,he .,„„boil. between the cheek and \L ,., , 
a stmll „h,.e bread an.l „.:■• „o„„ice. which renew fre.,„e,„b. As s„o„ 
as the g„„,bo„ has becor .. ,. by all n.eans have the aiTcce.l t.,ot 

X trac e< . or ,t „,ay eanse , ,...se. an.l eonse,,nen,ly serions injnrv of the 
jaw. Whenever the pal.en, catches col.l there will be a renewal of the 
.nflantmatton of the abscess, an.l the ^nntboil. an.l, as a .natter of course 
renewed ,>a,„, tronble, an.l annoyance. Deeaye.l fangs .,f teeth often 
cause the breath to be offensive. 

EARLY STAGES OF COXSUMPTION 

Spitting blood is always to be looked upon with suspicion: even when 

a yo"th appears, in other respects, to be in goo.l health, it is frequentlv 

he forerunner of consumption. It may be said that, bv mentioning th'e 

fact. I am unnecessarily alarming a parent, but it would !«. a false kindness 

li 1 did not do so : 

"I mu.st be cruel, only to he kindrShakcsfrarc. 

Let me ask. When is consumption to be cured? Is it at the nn.ct oris 
It when It IS confirmed? If a mother had been more generally aware that 



326 



GENERAL DISEASES 



spitting blood was frcfiuciitly the forerunner of consumption, she would 
have taken far greater precautions. Consumption more frequently shows 
itself between the ages of fourteen and twenty-one, after that the liability 
of the disease gradually diminishes, until at the age of forty-five it becomes ^ 
comparatively rare. Boys are more prone to this complaint than girls. It 
may be well for a parent to recognize the symptoms in order that she 
may seek aid early. It is perfectly hopeless to expect to cure consump- 
tion unless attended to at once, as the only effectual good in this disease is 

to be done at first 

SIGNS OF CONSUMPTION 

Consumption creeps on insidiously. One of the earliest symptoms of 
this areadful scourge is a slight, dry, short cough, attended with tickling 
and irritation at the top of the throat. 

There is usually hoarseness, not constant, but coming on if the patient 
is tired, or toward the evening. Tliere is also a sense of lassitude and 
depression, shortness of breath, a feeling of weariness on the slightest exer- 
tion. The hair of a consumptive person usually falls off, and what little 
remains is weak and poor; the joints of the fingers become enlarged, or 
clubbed as it is sometimes called; the patient loses flesh, and, after some 
time, night sweats make their appearance, then we may know that hectic 
fever has commenced. 

Hectic fever begins with chilliness, which is soon followed by flushings 
of the face and burning of the hands and feet, especially of the palms and 
soles. This is soon succeeded by perspirations. Tlie patient has generally 
two decided paroxysms of hectic fever during the day, one at noon which 
lasts about five hours; the other in the evening, which is more severe, and 
ends in violent perspirations; these perspirations continue the whole night 
through. 

Tlie expectoration at first is merely mucus, but after a time it assumes 
a characteristic appearance; it has a roundish, flocculent. woolly form, 
each portion of phlegm keeping, as it were, distinct; and if the expectora- 
tion is stirred in water, it has a milk-like appearance. .The feet and ankles 
swell. The perspiration comes on in the evening and continues all night — 



GENERAL DISEASES 



327 



more espec.ally toward morning, and while the patient is asleep. Durinu 
the tune he .s awake, even at night, he seldom sweats nu.ch. The thrush 
generally shows itself toward the close of the .lisease. attacking the tongue 
tonsds, and soft palate, and is a sure harbinger of approaching death' 
hmaciation rapidly sets in. 

The most common exciting causes of consumption are slighted col.is 
neglected mflammation of the chest, long continuance of intluenza, allow-' 
mg wet clothes to dry on the body, too little exercise, etc. 

TREATMENT FOR E.ARLY ST.VGES OF CONSUMPTION 

The health should by all means be the first consideration; throw books 
to the wmds: if he is at school, take him away; if he is in trade, cancel his 
mdentures; if he is in town, send him to a sheltered healthy spot in the 
country, the mountains are best. Be particular in his clot'hing. taking 
special care to keep his chest and feet warm. The feet must be carefully 
attended to: they ought to ])e kei)t both warm and drv. the slightest damp- 
ness of either shoes or stockings should cause them to be immediatelv 
changed. 

The diet must be nutritious and generous: the patient shoul.l be 
encouraged to eat plentifully of beef and mutton. There is nothing 
better for breakfast, where it agrees, than milk: indeed, it mav be fre- 
quently made to agree by previously boiling it. Wine and spirits must 
on no account be allowed. I caution parents in this particular, as manv 
have an idea that wine is strengthening, and that rum and milk is a 
good thing to cure or prevent a cough. 

If it is summer, let him be much in the open air. avoiding the evening 
and the night air. If it is winter, he should, unless the weather is mild 
for the season, keep within doors. 

DEEP BREATHING A MAGIC WAND IN CONSUMPTION 

Loosen thoroughly every band, corset and appendage that ob- 
structs, and never tighten them again. Seek an easv position, in a 
rocking-chair, or on a lounge, with shoulders and head' a little inclined. 



328 



GENERAL DISEASES 



Now, with perfect calmness, draw, slowly, the air into the lungs through 
the nostrils, deeper and deeper; he very careful to give attention to calm- 
ness. You may do yourself much harm here, as violent, spasmodic effort, 
inflating only the top of the lungs, will make you more nervous, and 
be harmful. 

Natural law is imi)erious and enforces exact justice. Do not 
hold your breath, but draw the air in calmly, deeper and deeper, and 
exhale as calmly as possible. The will has much influence in allaying 
nervous and spasmodic tendencies in the chest and system, such as a 
tendency to cough, and other manifestations of disturbed function. Keep 
this up a half hour or so at a time, and as often as you wish in repetition. 
As you proceed, the ability to breathe (lcc])cr and deeper and more calmly 
will be marked. Do not fail to use the agency of the will to preserve a 
perfectly calm state when you are taking these inhalations. 

Keep these exercises up. No great work is accomplished in a day; 
remember you are now to be made a new being; time and will are required, 
and are both indispensable to success. A marked change will be perceptible 
very soon if your work is done aright and well. At night when you retire, 
and through the night, when you awaken, you will find this deep breathing 
to be a magic wand; within the reach of all is this elixir of mind and 
body. Will and a little intelligence is the price demanded. This habit 
persisted in, will, in time, give a breathing capacity that cannot fail to 
astonish the one who persists in it. And we feel certain it will efifect a cure. 
It is a magic balm, and were it costly, would be sought with avidity 

SURE CURE FOR LA GRIPPE 

Make a foot-bath as follows: Have two shallow pans, one containing 
very cold, and the other very hot water. Dip your feet from one to the 
other, holding them in each pan as long as possible. Have a kettle on 
the stove containing boiling hot water; as you proceed with the bath 
you can gradually endure a greater degree of heat and of cold. Keep 
the temperature at the greatest extremes you can endure. Continue 
this an hour at a time two or three times a day, fast two or three days. 



GEXERAL DISEASES 



3-^9 



and yoi,r la grippe will loose its grip. I have cure<I .u,men.„. cases tlu,s 
some taken when very severe, while I have known others t.. lie for weeks 
• under other treatment, the result being a broken down constitution for 
the remamder of their days in the flesh. All congestion of internal orgars 
such as pleurisy, cholera morbus, cramps of anv description. hea<!ache' 
etc., can be easily cured tiirough this simple plan. 

BRIGHTS DISKASI' CLRf' XO. j 

Get a good syringe, and upon retiring at night inject int ) the bowels 
a half pmt of pure, soft water, lukewarm. Hol.l this over night. Upon 
nsmg in the morning, take two quarts and iu.ld as long as possible This 
will cure Brighfs disease if continued faithfully, and will insure oUl age 
with a bright eye and mind if persevered in. 

Reader, let me now say that you are in existence f.>r all time, and vou 
should strive to think rationally on all themes concerning life. Health, 
both of mind and body, concerns us more than anv other theme Unless 
we possess it. we cannot fail to be vacillating. un<lecided, the prev aii,l 
victim of our own weakness. Cultivate in yourself independent th.night 
broaden the mind, and live to make somebodv happier an.l better for 
your being. Fear nothing under the blue dome of the stars but vour^elf 
\ou alone are to determine whether black or white, success or failure 
marks your path in life. Ignorance is the great arch-fiend, who. hid in 
the jungles of rudimental growth, entices you into thornv paths where 
lost to a knowledge of our true state, we grope around in the mazes of 
darkness, a ready prey to superstition, prece.lent. and the vagaries that 
float about and around us. rife as malaria. Common sense 'is a good 
stock in trade to keep always on hand. A knowledge of our right place 
in Nature and the placing ourselves in such place, is the true and only 
savior. 



CHAPTER XXIV 
ACCIDENTS AND THEIR TREATMENT 

IF a child's clothes take fire, lay him on the floor, and roll him in the 
rug, in the carpet, or in any thick article you may have at hand; if it 
is woolen, so much the better, or roll him over and over on the floor; 
by excluding the air. the flame will go out. It is important that a 
mother should cultivate presence of mind. If parents were better 
prepared for such emergencies, such horrid disfigurations and frightful 
deaths would be less frecpient. 

TREATMENT FOR A SCALD 

Scalds, both of the mouth and throat, from a child drinking boiling 
water from the spout of a tea-kettle, are most dangerous. 

The best innncdiate application to a scald or a burn is flour and lard. 
It ought to be thickly ap])lied as a paste over the part affected, and kept 
in place with a bandage, or with strips of old linen. If this is done, almost 
instantaneous relief will be experienced, and the burn or scald, if super- 
firial, will soon be well. The advantage of flour as a remedy is that it is 
always at hand. I have seen some extensive burns and scalds cured by 
the above simple plan. Equal parts of lime water and linseed oil make an 
excellent application for a burn or scald, and will prevent blistering if 
faithfully used at once. 

Prepared lard — that is, lard without salt — is an admirable remedy for 
bums and scalds. The advantages of lard arc: It is almost always at 
hand; is very cooling, soothing, and unirritating to the part, and gives 
almost innnediate freedom from pain. It effectually protects and sheathes 
the burn or scald from the air. It is readily and easily applied; all that 
has to be done is to spread on pieces of old linen or on lint, and apply 
smoothly to the parts affected, keeping them in their places by means 
of bandages. 

330 



ACCIDEXTS AXD TlllilK THIi.llMn.M 

.C"Ww'i'.-alio„s. such. IS cuM water, c„l,lvi„cK.ra,„l„,,„ „„l • u 
I'^Mo,,., are „,os, i„j..,ri„„». a„,l i„ ,„a„v oases, .vn, ,h n s 

po.a.oes, sliccl c„c,.,„l,or. sal,, an.l s,-,ir„s .,r u.,^:Z ^T'' 

ACCIDRXT TO 1 HK KVK 
n n hit of quicklime should accidentalK nucr the eve of •, .-hil I 
-ns a.tb h.u tender,,, either h, means of a'.une.-s ha,r :. / '' 
m^l sp.ll of paper remove any hit of lime that „,av adhere to the I-., 
of the eye. or be in the eye. or on the evcla,.hes. Then well In 1 e h 
eye us„,g v.negar and water, one part of vine,.-, .n.l thr n s 
Bathe the eye for at least a qua, ut of an hour The n "*■ 

- ;he lime, and will roh it Its ln.rninJ;:;ert'r '"'^"^ ^^■'' ''" 

Havmg hathe,l the eye with vinegar and water for a quarter of nn 
;ou. hathe u for another quarter of an hour with warm' " ^ 
^^h.ch. drop mto the eye two or three drops of the best sweet oil' N 
eye-shade made of three thicknesses of liLn covered .^.„ ^ 
should be worn until the eve bar, fullv recovered If ,1 V 

-^...a,,,,,,ro,er,,„no.e.un;zrL;,::,::;2^ 



333 



ACCIDESTS ASD TUEIR IREATMLST 



left hand; and the eye. if inllamed, should be fre(iueiUly hathcd with warm 
milk and water. Generally as soon as the cause is removed the effect will 
cease, and after treatment will he unnecessary. Any furcij,m substance. 
however minute, in the eye is very painful; but a piece of burning lime is 
excruciating. 

CHOKING 



Often, a child fills his mouth full and swallows lumps of food in such 
haste as to choke. 

•Treatment. — In'ntuly put your finger into the throat, and feel if the 
substance is within reach; if it is food, force it down, and thus liberate the 
breathing; should it be a hanl substance, endeavor to hook it out; if 
you cannot reach it. give a good smart blow or .two with the flat of the 
hand on the back; or on the chest, takii : 'are to seize the little patient, 
and place htm between your knees siilc ■ c. and in this or some other 
manner compress the abdomen, otherwise the blow will be lost by the 
yielding of the diaphragm and the respiratory effort will not be produced. 
If that does not have the desired effect, tickle the throat with your finger, 
so as to insure immeuiate vomiting, and subsequent ejection of the offend- 
ing substance. 

The bite of a dog or cat, especially the latter, is often venomous and 
difficult to heal. The best thing is to first suck out the poison by means 
of the mouth and inmiediately cauterize the wound or wash the part w itli 
hartshorn, with a little water added, i'len apply a large hot white bread 
poultice to the part, and renew it every four hours. If there is much pain 
in the wound, foment the part, every time before applying the poultice, 
with a hot camomile and poppy-head fomentation. Scratches of a cat 
are best treated by freely smearing fresh butter on the part affected. If 
fresh butter is not at hand, fresh lard — lard without salt — will answer the 
purpose. If the pain of the scratch is intense, foment the part affected 
with hot water, then apply a hot white bread poultice, which should be 
frequently renewed. 



i 



4 




Plate I. Circulation of the Blood. 



stiKg of a Hi:ii 



m 



In case of a stinp f^,, , ., l.cc .r wasp, extra., ,1,. s,i„,, f i,,-, ,„,„„ , 
by n,ca„s o. a ,...- of forceps, or „• the prc.s..re of .,. oi,: 

a PU nux.t toLacco. ruM.inK it well in :u„I rceu f.on, fn. , ' ,„ 
TO REMOVK FORKIGX IU,|)il.;S IRoN, rUF |- xu 

™."^:;:;:::.:r;^:-'r;:;;,;:;:i';::::-:;:::- 

.0 oar „„1, the pe. „r ,,.„, i„ i, ,„ ,„„,„,„„„ ,„,„, ^^^ "„''," - 

:' '""' "--' '- " - »l-|.. s, e„ slaps ,. ,,„. s' , ,- "■; 

M,.=rn,ns, oar. and „,„s, ,i^,,, ,„ ,„i,,.„,,k s,„,s,a,„.e u'i , „; 

Poking at the ear ivill, in tlj^ niaioriiv „t .-.s.. i , ' 

further i„, and n.ako n .ore difficnu'o l:::: ""''' ^^"■' '"^ •'"'■'""- 

ol, of ,1 , r'"'°"- "'"' '"'^"' "'■'■ Tl"-' '"' "i" '^^■•■rrv Ha- insert 

out o the ear, and the child is a, once relieved. I>r. i,. I^ Kf's,,, ^\^ 

come to h,m to have bug., removol from their cirs. \cci, cnliv 1,- 
discovered that by holding a lighted candle near the ear. tli i e 1 M 

once leave the cavit.v and eome forth. The patient shonW 
uark when tins is clone. 

TO REMOVE FOREIGx\ BODIES FROM THE STOMACH 
If a child swallows a piece of broken glass, avoid purgative, as the 
free act.on of the bowels would be likeiv to force the .las' into the n-ucoul 



336 ACCIDENTS AND THEIR TREATMENT 

membrane of the bowels, and thus would wound them, and might cause 
ulceration, and even death. The object of treatment will be to allow 
them to pass through the intestines well enveloped by other contents of 
the tube; and for the purpose a solid, farinaceous diet should be ordered, 
and purgatives scrupulously avoided. If a child swallows a pin, treat him 
as for broken glass. Give him no aperients, or it might, in action, force 
the pin into the bowel. 

If a child swallows a coin of any kind, there is, as a rule, no danger. 
A dose or two or castor oil will be all that is usually necessary. The 
evacuations ought to be carefully examined until the coin is discovered. 
I once knew a child to swallow a penny piece and pass it in his stool. 

TREATMENT OF A FLESH WOUND 

If a child cuts his finger, there is nothing better than tying it up. Do 
not wash the blood away, but apply the rag at once, taking care that no 
foreign substance is left in the wound. If there is either glass or dirt in 
it, it will be necessary to bathe the cut in warm water before the bandage 
is applied. Some mothers use turpentine on a fresh wound. This plan is 
cruel and unnecessary, and frequently makes the cut difficult to heal. If 
it bleeds immoderately, sponge the wound freely with cold water. 

TREATMENT FOR A BkUISE 

If a child receives a blow, causing a bruise, immediately smear a small 
lump of fresh butter on the part affected, and renew it every few minutes 
for two or three hours; this is an old fashioned, but a very good remedy. 
If fresh butter is not at hand olive oil may be used, or soak a piece of 
brown paper in one-third of French brandy and two-thirds of water, and 
immediately apply; when dry, renew it. Either of these simple plans 
.will generally prevent both swelling and disfiguration. 

A Black Eye.— For a blow over the eye there is no remedy superior 
to fresh butter or a piece of fresh beef, or common brown paper soaked in 
vinegar and applied. Well anoint the parts for two or three inches around 
the eye. renewing it every few minutes for the space of an hour or two; 



ACCIDENTS AND THEIR TREATMENT 337 

if well done the disagreeable appearance of a black eye will probably be 
prevented. Another capital remedy is the arnica lotion: 

Take of— Tincture of Arnica, one ounce ; 
Water, seven ounces. 
To make a lotion. Bathe the eye frequently by means of a soft piece of 
men with this lotion, and between times, let a piece of linen wet with the 

bandage '° '^' '^'' ''"'^ ^^ ^"''"""^ '" ''' '''^''-' ^^ "''"='"' ^^^ " 

TREATMENT OF A STUNNED CHILD 

If a child falls upon his head and is stunned, he will look deadly pale, 
very much as if he had fainted. In a few minutes he will in all probability 
regain his consciousness. Sickness frequently supervenes, which makes 
the case more serious, it being a proof that injury, more or less severe, 
has been done to the brain. 

Immediately loosen his collar and tie, lay him flat on his back, sprinkle 
cold water upon his face, wet the scalp with cold or hot water, open the 
windows so as to admit plenty of fresh air. 

POISONS AND THEIR ANTIDOTES 

It is a frequent practice for a mother or nurse to leave external applica- 
tions within the reach of a child. It is also highly improper to put a mi.x- 
ture and an external application on the same tray or on the same mantel- 
piece. Many liniments contain large quantities of opium, a teaspoonful 
of which would cause the death of a child. Hartshorn and oil has fre- 
quently been swallowed by children, and in several instances has caused 
death. Many lotions contain sugar of lead, which is also poisonous. 
There is not generally suflficient lead in the lotion to cause death : but 
there is enough to make the child very sick. All these accidents occur 
from carelessness. 

This advice admits of no exception. If a child has swallowed a portion 
of a liniment which contains opium, administer a strong nuistard emetic 
(composed of two teaspoonfuls of flour of mustard, mixed with a half a 
teacupful of warm water). Encourage the vomiting by afterward forcing 



338 



ACCIDENTS AND THEIR TREATMENT 



him to swallow warm water. Tickle the throat either with your finger 
or with a feather. Plunge him alternately in a hot and then in a cold 
bath. Dash cold water on his head and face. Throw open the windows. 
Walk him about in the open air. Rouse him by slapping him, by pinching 
him, and by shouting to him; rouse him, indeed, by every means in your 
power, for if you allow him to go to sleep, it will, in all probability, be the 
sleep that knows no waking. 

When a child has swallowed hartshorn and oil, force him to drink 
vinegar and water, lemon-juice and water -weetened with sugar, barley 
water, and thin gruel. If he has swallowed a lead lotion, give him a mus- 
tard emetic, and then vinegar and water, sweetened either with honey 
or with sugar, to drink. 

In case a child swallows either laudanum, paregoric, Godfrey's cordial, 
or any other preparation of opium, give, as quickly as possible, a strong 
mustard emetic. Mix two teaspoonfuls of flour of mustard in half a tea- 
cupful of water, and force it down his throat. If free vomiting is not 
induced, tickle the upper part of the throat with a feather, drench the 
little patient's stomach with large quantities of warm water. As soon as it 
can be obtained from a druggist, give the following emetic: 

Take of — Sulphate of Zinc, one scruple; 
Simple Syrup, one dram; 
Distilled Water, seven drams. 
To make a draught. 

In poisoning by the poison vine or sumach, the parts may be bathed 
with a solution of borax or copperas, or a wash inay be made by boiling 
elder bark in butter or milk. 

When a person has been rendered insensible by poisonous gases, as 
carbonic acid, or sulphureted hydrogen, he should be immediately 
stripped, and cold water dashed over the body. The lungs should be filled 
with fresh air. The patient should be made to swallow dilute ammonia, 
or wine and brandy, or other stimulants. 

In poisoning by strychnine, emetics, such as mustard, or sulphate of 
zinc, should be used, as well as a stomach pump. 



ACCIDENTS AND THEIR TREATMENT ^yj 

If vomiting cannot be produced or proves useless, cbloroform by 
inhalation should be administered. 

TO MAKE A BREAD POULTICE 

It is well for a mother to know how to make a white bread poultice ' 
Sea d a basm, for you can never make a good poultice unless you have 
per ectly bo.hng water, then throw in coarsely crumbled bread, a.ul cover 
with a plate. When the bread has soaked up as much water as it vvill 
imb.be, dram off the remaining water. an,l there will be a light p.dp left 
Spread ,t a third of an inch thick on folded linen, and apply. It mav be 
said that this poultice will be very inconvenient if there /no lard in it 
font wdl soon get dry; but this is the very thing you want, an.l it can' 
easily be moistened by dropping warm water on it, while a greasv poultice 
will be moist, but not wet. 

TAKING ACCOUNT OF THE PULSE 

Every mother should have a general idea of what the pulse of children 
of different ages should be in health and in disease. Every person slu.uM 
know how to ascertain the state of the pulse in health; then, by compar- 
ing It with what it is when he is ailing, he may have some ulea of the 
urgency of his case. Parents should know the healthy pulse of each child 
since now.and then a person is born with a peculiarly slow or fast pulse' 
and the very case in hand may be of such peculiarity. An infant's pulse is 
140, a child of seven about 80. and from 20 to 60 years it is 70 beats a 
minute, declining to 60 at fourscore. At 60. if the pulse always exceeds 
70. there is a disease; the machine working itself out. there 'is a feyer 
or inflammation somewhere, and the body is feeding on itself, as in con- 
sumption, when the pulse is quick. 



CHAPTER XXV 
NURSING THE SICK 

THE most important condition necessary to the maintenance of 
health, and the first requisite toward recovery of the sick, is perfect 
ventilation. A sunny exposure, an open fire, and in summer an 
open fireplace, are the greatest aids. Under all circumstances, keep the 
air pure in the sick-room. Cut flowers should not be suffered to remam 
any length of time; as soon as their first freshness is gone, remove them. 
The presence of carbon n the room, due to the wick of a lamp bemg 
turned too low, or to aiy cause whatever, is to be avoided as a deadly 

poison. 

Place the bed where all danger from draughts may be avoided, and 
always protect the patient's eyes from the direct rays of sun or lamp 
light. It is of the utmost importance that all bed-linen and clothnig 
should be changed very frequently; it should be washed and sunned 
thoroughly, previous to using. Sweep the floor with a damp broom to 
prevent dust rising, or remove dust with a damp cloth. 
DESIRABLE QUALITIES IN A NURSE 
A nurse should have calmness and self-possession. She should be 
gentle, kind, good-tempered, and obliging, but firm withal, and she should 
have a cheerful countenance. "Some seem by nature to have a vocation 
for nursing; others do not. Some have the light sten, the pleasant voice, 
the cheering smile, the dexterous hand and the gentle touch; some are 
gifted in cookery for the sick, are excellent to drive away the dumps and 
give life and cheer to the sick room." The former good qualities ar« esseii^ 
tial to a nurse, and if she can combine the latter— she will be invaluable. 

She ought neither to be a tattler, nor a tale-bearer, nor a croaker, nor 
a putterer. A tattler is an abomination; a clacking tongue is most weari- 
some and injurious to the patient. A tale-bearer is to be especially 

340 



NURSING THE SICK 



341 



I 



avoided; if she tells tales of her former cases, my reader may depend upon 
it that her turn will come. Have nothing to do with a gossip of a nurse; 
she is a most dangerous person to have about you. 

But of all nurses to be shunned as the plague is the croaker, one that 
discourses of the dismal and of the dreadful cases that have occurred in 
her experience, many of which, in all probability, she herself was the 
cause of. She is a very upas tree in a house. A putterer should be ban- 
ished from the lying-in room; she is a perpetual worry— a perpetual blis- 
ter! She is a nurse without method, without system, and without smart- 
ness. She putters at this, and putters at that, and worries the patient 
beyond measure. She dreams, and drawls, and putters. It is better 
to have a brusque and noisy nurse than a puttering one. She ought to 
be either a married woman or a widow. 

She must be sober, temperate and healthy, and free from deafness, 
and from any defect of vision. She should have a gentle manner, but yet 
not melancholy. She ought to have the softest step and the gentlest tone. 
She ought to be fond of children, and must neither mind her trouble nor 
being disturbed at night. She should be a light sleeper. 

Scrupulous attention to cleanliness, freshness, and neatness in her own 
person, and toward the patient and the infant, are most important requi- 
sites. 

In choosing a nurse select one who has a bright, sunshiny countenance 
— having nothing to do with a sour-faced individual. 



WHEN TO ENG.'\GE A NURSE 



The nurse ought to be engaged early in pregnancy, as a good nurse is 
caught up soon, and is full of engagements. This is most important advice. 
A lady frequently has to put up with an indifferent nurse from nelecting to 
engage her in time. The physician, at the eleventh hour, is frequenutly 
besought to perform an impossibility— to select a good nurse, and which 
he could readily have done if time had been given him to make the selec- 
tion. Some of my best nurses are engaged by my patients as early as two 



343 



NURSING THE SICK 



or three months after conception, in order to make sure of having their 
favorite nurses. 

A nurse ought to be in the house for a week or ten days before the 
commencement of labor, in order that there may be neither bustle nor 
excitement, and no hurrying to and fro at the last moment to find her; 
and that she may have everything prepared, and the linen well aired for 
the coming event. 

My reader may say, "You want a nurse to be perfection?" Well, I 
do; a nurse ought to be as near perfection as poor human nature will 
allow. None but good and true women should enter the ranks of nurses; 
for their respunsiLility is great, and their power of doing either good or 
evil is enormous. Hence good nurses are prizable, and should be paid 
most liberally. 

The selection of a nurse is, for the well-being both of mother and of 
babe, quite as important as is the choice of a doctor; indeed, I do not 
know whether she is not of more importance. Mother and babe are thor- 
oughly dependent up^n her for most important services. 

I hope I have said enough — I am quite sure that I have not said one 
word too much — on the care required in the selection of a nurse. It is 
impossible when such important interests are at stake, to be too partic- 
ular, or to overstate its importance. 



CHAPTER XXVI 
DISHES FOR INFALIDS ' 

WHEN any article of food causes increased action of the heart 
quickness of the inilse, headache, or pains in the stomach, or 
bowels, it is then an indication that such food is injurious. 
When the patient is recovering from disease, but is still weak, though 
gradually regaining strength, strict attention should be given to the diet 
In regard to the kinds of food which may be allowed, it should be remem- 
bered that first of all, it must be light and nutritious. Milk is probably 
as easy of digestion as any other substance; it may I.e given at all times 
durmg the sickness and convalescence without injurv. Ice cream in small 
q.iantities eaten slowly, is most excellent. Boiled rice is easv of digestion, 
and beef tea. mutton broth and chicken are useful in convalescence.' 
Fruits are sometimes very beneficial, and at other times verv hurtful. In 
fever, the juice of ripe oranges will be extremely grateful; the pulpy p^rt 
should always be rejected. Grapes may also he allowed, being careful 
not to swallow the seeds or skin. Lemon juice, lemonade, strawberries 
which have their juice bruised out and strained, may also be allowed. 

TO MAKE GRUEL 

Pour a quart of hot water into a clean earthen or tin vessel over a 
brisk fire; when it boils, add two large tablespoonfuls of corn or oatmeal; 
mix it smooth in just water enough to thicken it; put a small lump of 
butter into the water, and when melted, add the meal and stir for about 
half an hour; then add a teacupful of sweet milk, and when it boils again, 
throw in the upper crust of hard baked bread cut into small pieces; let it 
boil some time, and add a little black pepper, a little salt, a pinch of graterl 
nutmeg, a little more butter and a teaspoonful of French brandy. The 
butter, spices and brandy should be omitted when the case is a serious one. 

343 



344 



DISHES FOR INVALIDS 



\ 



TOAST WATER 

Toast slightly a piece of bread, and add to it boiling water; if pre- 
ferred, sweeten. It may be flavored with lemon or orange peel. 

BARLEY COFFEE 

Roast barley until well brown, and bou a tablespoonful of it in a pint 
of water for five minutes; strain and add a little sugar, if desired. A 
nourishing drink toward the close of fever, and during convalescence. . 

OATMEAL COFFEE 

Mix common oatmeal and water to form cake; bake and brown it, 
powder it, and boil in water five minutes. Good for checking obstinate 
vomiting, especially in cholera morbus. 

MILK PORRIDGE 

Two dozen raisins quartered, two cups milk, one tablespoonful flour, 
salt to taste. Boil raisins in water twenty minutes. Allow the water to 
boil away and add the milk. When it boils, add the flour rubbed to a thin 
paste with a little cold milk. Boil eight or ten minutes, and season with a 
little salt. Adding the beaten white of one egg after the porridge comes 
from the stove, improves it. 

BARLEY GRUEL 

Boil one ounce of pearl barley a few moments to cleanse it. Pour 
off the water, add a quart of cold water, a half teaspoonful of salt; simmer 
to one half, and strain. Excellent for fevers and gastric inflammation. 

INDIAN MEAL GRUEL 

One teaspoonful flour, two tablespoonfuls corn meal, one teaspoonful 
salt, one quart boiling water. Mix flour, meal, and salt, working into a 
thin paste with a little cold water. Stir into boiling water, and boil thirty 



DISHES I'OR L\l\IUDS 3^5 

minutes, stirring frequently. Thin with milk or cream. Corn meal is 
heating, and not good where there is fever. 

O.MMEAL GRUEL 

Two tablespoonfuls oatmeal, a pinch of salt, one quart boiling water. 
Boil one hour and serve with milk or cream. 

F.ARIN.\ GRUEL 

One tahlespoonful Heckcr's farina, one teaspoonfiil salt, one cup boil- 
ing water, one of milk. Cook all together except the milk, for fifteen 
minutes, or until it thickens, then add the milk and boil again. Farina is 
a preparation of wheat and very healthful. 

CRACKER GRUEL 

Four tablespoonfuls powdered cracker, one cup boiling water, one 
cup of milk, and a little salt. Boil up once and serve fresh. 

EGG GRUEL 

The yolk of one egg beaten well, one teaspoonful sugar, one cup hot 
milk, white of egg beaten to a foam. Flavor with nutmeg or lemon. 
Good for cold if taken very hot before retiring. 

ARROWROOT GRUEL 

Add a tahlespoonful of arrowroot to half a pint of boiling water; mix 
well, add half a pint of milk, and boil together for two or three minutes; 
sweeten to the taste. 

PANADA NO. I 

One cup stoned raisins, one quart water, two slices toasted bread, or 
one cup bread crumbs, two eggs, one tahlespoonful sugar. Boil the 
raisins one hour, skim them out. then add bread to the boiling water. 
Boil fifteen minutes, stirring well. Beat the eggs, adding sugar, and pour 
the panada over them, stirring constantly. Xo. 2. — Split two fresh gra- 
ham crackers. Put them into a bowl, sprinkle with a little sugar and 



346 



DISHLS J OR INVALIDS 



cover with boiling water. Slip them out and serve with a Httle cream. 
No. 3. — Boil one talilespoonful cracker crumbs five minutes in one 
cup boiling water, slightly sweetened, and Havored with lemon or straw- 
berry. 

OATMEAL MUSH FOR INVALIDS 

One cup granulated oatmeal, pinch of salt, one scant quart boiling 
water. Put meal and salt in a doul)le boiler, pour over them boilin;, water 
and cook two or three hours. Remove the cover just before serving and 
stir slightly with a fork, allowing steam to escape. Serve with sugar and 
cream. Baked apples, apple sauce, and apple jelly are delicious eaten 
with the oatmeal. They should be eaten with the mush, the cream being 
poured over both mush and fruit. 

INDIAN MEAL MUSH 

One cup corn meal, one cup cold milk, one pint boiling water, salt to 
taste. Mix meal and salt with cold milk. Stir this gradually into boiling 
water. Cook half an hour in a double boiler, stirring oftc l. 

ENTIRE WHEAT MUSH 

Mix half cup graham flour and half teaspoonful salt into thin, smooth 
paste, with a little cold water. Stir into one pint of boiling water, and cook 
twenty minutes, stirring frequently. Serve with cream. Rye mush is 
excellent made in the same manner, eaten also with sugar and cream. 

BRAIN FOOD 

Wet one cup of entire wheat flour in a !=*Me cold water and stir into 
one quart of salted boiling water. Cook ovc. hot fire one to two hours. 
Eat hot or cold, with sugar and cream. 

RICE JELLY 

Two tablespoonfuls rice, one quart cok! water, salt and sugar to taste. 
Pick over and wash the rice and cook in water one hour, or until the rice 
t\ ('issolved. Add ^ little salt and sugar to taste. If desired for jelly, add 



DISHES rOR ISI'ALIDS 

347 
lemon juice and strain into a mold Whrn ,oi i 

crea,,,. „ .„ ,,e „„„ .. „ „„„. JJ^^ , t ^1::^^^ ""," 
and hoi, ,„„„„ „,„, a „,„ ,,„„„ ,, ,,,., , , i ""'^ «, " ;"" ' 

TAPIOCA JFLl.V 

IRISH MOSS JELLY 
One half cup Irish moss, one pint boihng water, one lemon one thir.! 
cup of sugar. Soak the moss in cold wnter until so ft. p ck o"; ^"' 
agam. then put into the boiling water an.l simmer until lil • \ 
lemon jmce and sugar, and strain into a mol.l Currant ioK i . \ 
-on. is good, or four or five figs steeped with n^ '^:;:T\:1 
use of sea and Iceland moss is recommended in rheun^atic d ses 
they contam bromine and iodine. ""teases, as 

RESTORATIVE JELLY 
gum aral„c. t„o tablespoonful, Ic.on j„ice, ,l,rce tal,lcs,,o„„f ,1, ,,„,, 

»jr' Place :;' '•" *""^ '"'""""'- '"^^"'" ^" - «'■- i- "•' '- 

and „.he„ coo,. „,. into s.a,, .,„a.es. Good ,o. aged »: ;::><*;;.' '' 

GUM WATER 
One ounce clean gum arabic and half an ounce of sugar dissolved in 
one pmt bodmg water, with juice of one lemon. Add le'mon ' :rce a J 



348 



DISHES FOR INVALIDS 



otiier articles arc dissolved, and strain all through a fine strainer. This is 
soothing in iiitlaniniation of the mucous membrane. 

TOAST VVATRR NO. a 

Toast one pint of white or brown bread cnists very hrovvn, but be 
careful not to burn. Tour over them otrc pint of cold water, and kt stand 
for one hour. Strain, and add cream and sugar to taste. 

CRUST COFFEE 

Pour one pint of boiling water over two slices of brown bread, or white 
bread toasted. Steep ten minutes and strain. Add sugar and cream to 
taste. 

RICE COFFEE 

Brown one cup of dri< '! "^weet corn or rice; pound or grind fine. Add 
one pint of cold water, and steep one hour. Strain and serve with cream 
and sugar. These are very nice beverages for the sick, for invalids, or 
those in perfect Ix^alth. 

SLIPPERY ELM TEA 

Pour one cup hot water over one teaspoonful of powdered slippery 
elm bark, or on a piece of the fresh bark. When cool, strain through wire 
strainer and flavor with very little lemon. Add a little sugar. This is 
soothing fur inflamed mucous surfaces. 

ACID FRUIT DRINKS 

Pour !>oiliiig water on mashed cranberries, barberries, whortleberries 
or cherries. When cold, strain and sweeten as desired. No. 2. — Stir a 
tablespoonful of any acid jelly or fruit syrup into a tumbler of ice water. 
^<'o. 3. — Dissolve one tablespoonful cream of tartar in one pint of water. 
Sweeten to taste. 

APPLE TEA 

Roast two large, sour apples, cover with boiling water. When cool, 
pour water off, strain and sweeten to taste. 



\ 



.fl^'M^ 



DWIES rOR L\lJUD:i 



J49 



JELLY AND I CI- 

Chip half a cup of ice fmc. Mix .ith it Icm.m. errant, hlackl.errv 
cherry, or barberry jelly. Kxcellc.u in fevers. -'^Knerrv. 

TAMARI.VD \V\T[:R 

Boil two ounces of tamarin.Is with four ounces of stone<l raisins m 
three p.nts of water, for one hour. Strain an.l cool. 

LEMON A or: 

Squeeze the juice from a lemon an.l a.I.I „> it ..nc t;.l.lcs,,n„„,„i s„..ar 
Pour over th.s one cup of boiling water an.l cool. Drink hot after retiring 
if taken for a cold. ■vunnj,, 

FLAXSEED LE.MOXADK 

Pour one quart boiling water over fo.,r tablesp,„i„fn!s <,f wl,.,k- llnx- 
seed and steep three hours. Strain, sweeten to taste, an.l ad.l the juice of 
two lemons. If too thick, add a little more water. Excellent for fevers or 

IRISH MOSS LEMONADE 

Soak, pick over and wash one-quarter of a cup of Irish moss and a.l-l 
one pmt of boiling water. Heat to the boiling point, but do not alio, t > 
bo.l. Keep at that temperature half an hour. Strain, an.l squeeze n,* . 
•t^t^he ju.ce of one lemon. Sweeten to taste. Use acid phosphate if pn- 

WINE WHEY 

Boil one cup of new milk, add one cup of wine. Let it stanrl on the 
i^ack of the stove five minutes. Strain and .sweeten. 

HERB TEAS 

Pour one cup of boiling water o\ .r a tablespoonfu' of the herb Tover 

the bowl, set it over the teakettle and steep ten minutes. Sweeten a verv 

httle if desired. Mullein tea is go.vl for inflammation of the lune^ ramrC 

•mle tea for sleeplessness, calamus and catnip teas for colds and infant's 



350 



DISHES FOR INVALIDS 



colic. Tea made from the root of carpenter square is a specific for colic, 
and is also excellent for disordered liver, stomach and kidneys. Cinna- 
mon tea is good for hemorrhages, watermelon seed and pumpkin seed tea 
for strangury and summer complaint. 

BURDOCK ROOT TEA 

Burdock is a biennial plant, sending, the first season, a straight root 
deep into the ground, penetrating hard clay soils, often two feet deep. 
These roots are the portions utilized for medicinal purposes. They should 
be gathered, for best results, in the fall, winter or spring, and used fresh 
or dried. Slice the rocLs into thin pieces, and pour hot water over them; 
place in a jar or pitcher, and keep covered till cool. Drink this tea when 
thirsty, instead of w^ater. It is the best blood purifier known, being a 
specific for boils, carbuncles, jaundice and all ordinary skin diseases. Dur- 
ing the spring and fall, when the system is undergoing change and so 
many people suffer from debilitation, it should be used as a common 
drink. 

MEATS 

The majority of mankind believe animal food to be a necessary con- 
stituent of the diet. We therefore give a few formulas for the best prej)- 
aration of meats for the sick. Every particle of fat, skin and membrane 
must be removed. 

BEEF TEA 

Take a pound of lean beef, cut it fine, put it in a bottle corked tightly, 
and put the bottle into a kettle of warm water; the water should be 
allowed to boil for a considerable time; the bottle should then be removed, 
and the contents poured out. The tea may be salted a little, and a tea- 
spoonful given each time. 

Another way of preparing it is as follows: 

Take a thick steak, broil slightly on a gridiron until the juices have 
started, and then squeeze thoroughly with a lemon squeezer. The juice 
thus extracted will be highly nutritious. 









r 




A Happy Home. 

However humble the home may be, 
Or tried with sorrow bv heaven's decree. 
The blessings that never w ere bought or sold 
And I enter there, arc better than gold. 



DISHES FOR INVALIDS 
BROILED BEEF PULP 



353 



Scrape raw beef to a pulp, make into small cakes and broil as steak 
Season with salt and a little cayenne pepper. Serve hot. 

MUTTON BROTH 

To make it quickly for an invalid, chop one pound of lean, juicy mut- 
ton very fine. Pour over it one pint of cold water, let it stand u^ftilTe 
water . red. then heat slowly, simmering ten minutes. St" n si: 
and add two tablespoonfuls of soft boiled rice, or thicken shght y w t rle 
flour wet with cold water. Serve warm. y wuii rice 

BARLEY SOUP 

Remove the (at and bones from one pound of neck of mutton Cut 
the meat mto s hces and add to it one tablespoonfu, of well washed bar^y 
and one pmt of cold water. Heat slowly, and simmer two hours. Pu^ 
he bones mto a cup of cold water, boil gently half an hour and strain into 
the meat and barley. Season with salt. Skim off the fat and serv with 
whole wheat wafers. 

CHICKEN BROTH 

Clean a small chicken, disjoint and cut the meat into half-inch pieces 
Remove.ll at break or pound the bones. Dip the feet in boiling .X 
and scald till the skin and nails peel off. The feet contain gelatine and 
we cleaned may be used for jelly. Cover the meat, feet and bones ."h 
cold water, heat very slowly, and simmer till the meat is tender. Strain 

taltnd I71\r":" '': '"'- '""" ^'^'^ "'^' p^pp^^- -^^^ '-°" tj 

as e^ and add the white of one .g^. Place over the fire, stir well, and 
boilf^ve minutes. Skim, and strain through a fine napkin. If intended 
for jelly, pour into small cups and cool. Serve warm. 

BARLEY WATER 
One tablespoonful pearl barley, three cubes loaf sugar, half a lemon 
one quart bo ling water. Wash the barley in cold water and place it Z' 
the sugar and lemon, in the boiling water. Let it stand covered and warm 




l-f 





■te' 




354 



DISHES POR INVALIDS 



for three hours, then strain. Cnirant jelly or orange juice may be used 
instead of lemon. Valuable for colds, strangury, diseases of bladder and 
urinary organs. ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

One cup of cold roasted or boiled chicken, pounded to a paste. Add 
half a cup of stale bread crumbs, and enough boiling chicken liquor to 
make one quart. Serve hot a cup at a time. 

HEALTH BREAD. MADE OF ENTIRE WHEAT FLOUR 

To three pints of water add a small cake of yeast and a teaspoonful 
of salt. I^Iix with this a sufficient quantity of entire wheat flour to make, 
a soft dough, and mould into baking pans. Let it rise about one-half as 
much as is usual with other bread before baking. Allowing bread to 
rise but once increases its nutrition. As the flour is ver>' coarse, makmg 
the dough soft allows for swelling. Bake in a hot oven in the same man- 
ner as other bread, with the exception that it should be baked a trifle 
longer. 




PART VI 
FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 



CHAPTER XXVII 
BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTT 

THE Divine architect of our bodies has taken great precautions for 
the elimination of all waste of the body. One of the apparatus 
provided to this end is the skin, by means of which the blood is 
exposed to the influence of the atmosphere. The skin is one of four 
means the body has for eliminating impurity; the others are the lungs, 
kidneys and lower bowel. For the purpose of elimination, and also reg- 
ulating bodily temperature the skin is provided with two and a quarter 
millions of little glands. The external openings are called the pores of 
the skin. These glands are situated in the connective tissue beneath the 
skin, in the shape of a coil; on the outside of the coil is a network of 
capillaries from which perspiration is derived. It is estimated that there 
are not far from three thousand of these gland?^ to the square inch, and 
that they eliminate from one to five pounds of fluid in twenty-four hours. 
The fluid evaporates or is absorbed by the clothing; the solid impurity 
remains at the surface. The bath removes this impurity. If the bath is 
neglected the impurity becomes rancid, and more or less of it is reab- 
sorbed into the body to create disease. Beside the impurity left through 
perspiration there are also the scales of dead scarf-skin and the oily matter 
which is secreted to preserve the texture of the skin. None can with 
impunity neglect the removal of all of this waste. 

For a person in health, there should be a daily sponge bath, supple- 
mented twice a week by a full warm bath with plenty of soap. This will 
keep the glands of the skin in activity. 

355 



356 



BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY 



GENERAL RULES FOR BATHING 

All full bathing should be taken when the body is warm. In chronic 
cases the bath should be followed by walking, or other active exercise, 
if the patient's strength will admit. 

Eating should not be indulged within an hour after bathing, nor 
should a bath be taken within two hours after eating. 

The best times for bathing are on rising in the morning, at lo a. m., 
at 3 p. m., and at bedtime. Every full bath should be taken quickly, the 
patient, if able, rubbing himself vigorously, then dressing and exercising. 

Wetting the head and the chest before taking a full bath is a useful 

precaution, and especially for persons liable to head affections. The fact 

of a person being in a full perspiration is no objection to taking a bath, 

provided the body is not in a state of exhaustion, nor the breathing 

disturbed. 

THE OIL BATH FOR THE SKIN 

Among the most helpful, invigorating and at the same time nourishing 
baths, there is none that surpasses the olive oil bath. This cleanses 
the pores of the skin from all foreign matter. Pour a little in the palm of 
the hand and rub it thoroughly into the flesh, taking a part of the body at 
a time. After the use of the hand, produce a friction by means of a coarse 
towel. This is especially good for sick and thin people. Very soothing. 

THE SPONGE BATH 

■ 

Persons who are reduced, physically, may bathe part of the body first; 
as the head, face, arms, and chest, drying and rubbing with a dry towel, 
or the dry hand, before bathing the rest of the body. This form of spong- 
ing the body in fevers, or other acute diseases, is frequently better than 
exposing the whole body. It may be commenced with tepid water, grad- 
ually reducing it to cool, or cold water, as the patient is able to bear it. 
In acute diseases when the object is to reduce fever, water at a tempera- 
ture of seventy-five or eighty-five degrees is better than colder water. The 
best time for taking a sponge bath is the morning, immediately after 



BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY 357 

rising from bed; sometimes a second bath may be taken before going to 
bed. Exercise in the open air should follow the bath. The baths may be 
continued for a quarter pf an hour or longer, if it is desired to act as a 
stimulant, or to cool off the body. When a shorter time is used, it has a 

TT^^'^'J '""• exhilarating efifect. and also equalizes the circulation 
01 the blood. 

THE AIR BATH 

■ The air bath can be taken morning, evening or midday. It consists of 
exposing the body or any portion of the body to the air and at the same 
time rub the part exposed with a coarse towel until a warmth has l)een 
established throughout the system. This cleanses the pores and is espe- 
cially appropriate to thin people. 

THE WET SHEET PACK-KNEIPP CURE 
This is a valuable process to reduce the heat of the body in fevers and 
to remove unhealthy secretions. The sheet for packing should be of cot- 
ton or coarse linen, sufficiently long to reach from the patient's head to 
his feet, and about two yards in width, or one can use instead a coarse 
linen mantle. In feeble, chronic cases, it is better not to have it come 
quite to the ankles. The bed should be stripped of its covering one or 
two pillows being left for the patient's head. One or two comfortables 
should be spread conveniently upon the bed and two woolen blankets 
upon these. If the patient is subject to coldness of the feet, he should 
have a jug or can of hot water, or hot bricks placed to the feet, having 
one or two thicknesses of the blanket between, to protect the feet from 
too great heat. The patient lying flat on his back should raise his arms 
while the assistant wraps one side of the sheet over the body and lower 
limbs, and tucks it closely to the body. The arms are then dropped to 
the side, and the other side of the sheet quickly wrapped and tucked. 

The person should remain in this packing from thirty minutes to an 
hour and a half. If he gets comfortably warm in fifteen or twentv min- 
utes, thirty or forty minutes will be a sufficient length of time to remain in 
the pack, but if he warms more slowly, two or three hours is sufficient. 



358 



BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY 



If sweating is desired, the patient should remain until perspiration appears 
on the forehead, generally from an hour to two or three hours. If the 
patient remains long enough to produce perspiration, just before it 
appears, he will have a chilly sensation, which will be succeeded by copious 
perspiration. 

For very delicate persons, the sheet should be first wrung out of tepi«l 
or warm water. On coming out of the pack, the plunge, rubbing, wet 
sheet or towel bath may be used. 

It may be used in the fever stages of remittent and intermittent fevers, 
and in some chronic difficulties. When the patient is very feeble, the half 
pack, or towel pack should be used. In the commencement of the treat- 
ment, one towel should be wet and laid across the chest and bowels, and 
the rest of the body enveloped in dry blankets. In a few days a second 
towel may be placed along the spine, and this gradually increased until 
he will be able to bear a full pack. Headache, muscular debility, and giddi- 
ness, indicate that the pack is continued too long. 

THE VAPOR BATH 

The vapor bath is excellent for colds, catarrh, pleurisy, fever, and 
affections of the bowels, kidneys or skin. The perspiratory glands are 
excited to unusual activity and bear out. at least in part, the morbific 
matter. There are many cabinets on the market for hot-air and vapor 
baths, but a home-made apparatus answers quite as well. This consists of 
either an alcohol lamp over which is placed a small vessel containing water 
or a small tub or tin pan filled with hot water and placed under the chair. 
In the latter case, red hot bricks or stones should occasionally be put into 
the vessel, so as to keep the vapor constantly rising. The time required 
to produce perspiration will vary from ten to twenty minutes. If the hearl 
is affected unpleasantly, producing faintings. sickness, or fullness of blood 
in the head, it should be stopped. The patient may be allowed to drink 
cold water or bathe the face with cold water, or a wet towel may be placed 
upon the head at the commencement. After using this bath, a full bath 
should be taken to cleanse the skin. Wrap the bather in blankets after 



BATHISG FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY 



359 



being placed on the chair for a vapor hath, hut he need put on no an 
or clothing of any kind. 



THF. CABIXF.T nATH 

This is the same in principle as ti.e above. It reciuires. however, a cal)- 
inet and a sniaii alcohol l^inj). These can he procured fur about ^5. 

THli SITZ HATH 

A common wash tub will answer for this bath, alihoui;]! a ^itz bath 
tub is better. The tub should be lar}.jc enough to admit of the niutiun of 
the arms in rubbing, and deep enough to allow the legs to bend over each 
other without producing pressure, or checking the circulation. When 
the bath is used as a tonic, the water sIk)u1(1 be cold and the iiatifiit remain 
in from five to ten or fifteen minutes. Persons who are feeble >lionld use 
warm water, and remain in from one to five miniUes. gradualK reducing 
the temperature until they can take a cold bath. The water should cover 
the hips and lower part of the abdomen. In the cold .stage of interniittcnt 
fever the warm sitz-l)ath will very much mitigate the severity of the chill; 
and when followed by rubbing will often break up the attack. 

In acute inflammation of the liver, stomach, bowels, spleen and kid- 
neys, the sitz-bath should be used very frequently. .\t the same time, use 
injectirms of cold or warm water. 

THE SHALLOW B.\TH 

A shallow bath tub may be used, or a common wash tub. The water 
should be from four to six inches deep. During the bath, the abdomen 
and lower part of the body should be well rubbed by the patient, or bv an 
attendant, and the head should also be sprinkled, and the back and chest 
rubbed. When there is no chilliness, a pail of cold water should bo poured 
on the chest and shoulders. This bath may be employed from one to 
fifteen minutes by those who are very feel)le and sensitive to cold, and 
from fifteen to thirty minutes by others. It may be followed by the dry 
rtibbing sheet or by hand rubbing. It will be found usefti! in the treat- 



36o 



BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY 



ment of skin diseases, sick headache, rush of blood to the head, apoplexy, 
paralysis, sunstroke, etc. 

THE PLUNGE BATH 

The plunge bath should be taken in a large reservoir or bath tub, filled _ 
with water. It may be used with advantage in all chronic diseases, which 
are not attended with determination of blood to the head, or difficulty of 
breathing, or disturbance of the circulation. The temperature of the bath 
should be from fifty-five to sixty-five degrees, and the person should 
remain in from a few seconds to two or three minutes in chronic diseases. 
In high fever the patient may remain in from ten to fifteen minutes. 

THE FOOT BATH 

This is an excellent means, especially in disease of the head and chest, 
and may be used also to prevent cold feet. 

If the object is to determine blood from the head and chest, the vessel 
should not be too large, and the bath be continued from twenty minutes 
to an hour. If the congestion increases during the bath, cold applications 
should be made to the parts affected. The feet should be rubbed during 
and after the bath. 

The warm foot bath is valuable to relieve attacks of headache, and to 
quiet the nervous system. 

THE EYE AND EAR BATH 

Forcing a small stream of hot water through a fountain syringe, is use- 
ful in some diseases of the eye and ear, especially is this true in a case of 
"gathered ear." 

THE NOSE BATH 

In catarrh, colds in the head, nose bleed, etc., this is beneficial. Water 
should be used by the means of a nasal douche. This should be repeated 
several times a day as a tonic. 



BATHING FOR HEALTH AND BEAUTY. 



36l 



WET COMPRESSES 

When intended to be cooling, the cloths must he of a size suite.l t.> 
the part inHamed; they should then be folde.l six or ciKJu times dip.u.i 
«n very cold water and squeezed, and renewe.l every five ..r ten minutes 
according to the degree of inflammation. If the water cannot l,e ol.taine.l 
cold, add .ce to it. The ban.lages must be conti.me.l without intermis- 
sjon day and night until danger is averted. Neglect of changing the 
cloths will produce bad results. 

When the object is to raise the temperature of the part, the bandages 
may consist of linen folded two or throe times and dipped into cold water- 
they should then be well wrung out. and not change.l until drv The 
action may be aided by covering the br.idages with a drv towel ' These 
applications are useful in derangements of the digestive organs, liver afTec- 
tions of the bowels, etc. 



CHAPTER XXVIII 
FEMALE BEAUTT AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 

Ml'CH thoiiKlit is employed aiKl much expense incurred in order 
to preserve and improve personal appearance, and endow it with 
new charms. If nature has hestowed upon us good features we 
should he thankful an<l take care of ourselves: if not, remember the 
features are hut a slight- percentage of personal attractiveness. A good 
carriage and a kindly spirit are of the first importance. 

With a little thought each day most of the imperfections of the body 
can be improved upon or entirely overcome. Beauty and strength of 

body are acquired by attention to physical 
needs, just as character is added to the intel- 
lect — ^by taking thought. 

Health is beauty and happiness. It is 
attainable by conformity to the laws of l)eing. 
We are forever under the sovereignty of nat- 
ural law. and only by complying with its con- 
ditions are we enabled to realize what is best 
in our earthly apprenticeship. It is not a 
tyrant but a powerful ctvoperator when prop- 
erly understood. 

Prentice Mulford.in telling how to rejuv- 
enate the body, says : "You and generations 
before you, age after age, have l^een told it 
was an inevitable necessity— that i^ was the law and in the order of nature 
fo- nil times and for all ages— that, after a certain period of lite, your body 
must wither and become unattractive, and that even your mind must fail 
with increasing years. You have been told that your mind had no power 

to repair and recuperate your body. 

363 




MAESAOmO THE THROAT AND 
SHOl'LDERS. 



FEMALE BEAl'TY AND ACCOMPI.ISUMEXT ^,3 

"It is no more in the inevitable order of nature that liiunan Ur -. 
should decay as they have decayed in the past, than that inati sh.ml<! 
travel hy stage-coach as he did years aRo. or that messages should Ik- 
sent only by letter as before the use of the tdruraph. or tliai >uur portrait 
could be made only by the painter's brush as h. ' ,<• the <lisc()vory that 
the sun could print an image of yourself on a sin^itivc stirfur prepare! 
for the purpose. 

"If you make a plan in thought in unseen -lomcut fur yourself as h.lp- 
Icss and decrepit, such plan will draw t. .1 misciii thou>j;ht ck-niciit, 
that which will make you weak, helpless . r ; ,k. .'im 

"If in your mind you are ever buildini,' an hl.;il cf • .mu^cII as strong, 
healthy and vigorous, you are building to yonvHlf i.\ mi> i-;il)Ic element. 
that which is ever drawing to you more health, strc :^th ,m.l \!j,'or 

"Persistency in thinking health, in imaginiuR (,i i.K liizin- ycntrvdf as 
healthy, vigorous and symmetrical is the cornerstone nt lualtli and beauty. 
Of that which you think most, that you will be and that will you have 
most of." 

There are always a few men and women ready to enter into the light 
of new possibilities. The belief that we nnist be old at fifty and in our 
graves at seventy-five, is fast becoming a thing of the past. There arc 
those to-day who are younger and healthier at fifty than they were at 
fifteen, and this renewed life is possible to all who are willing to renounce 
their old ideas and march forward under the banner of progress. 

This thought is not new, for you remember that Shakespeare said. 
"There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so." 

"Outer life must correspond to inner life, else law and scciucncc would 
be at fault, and the chain which binds cause and effect be sevcreil." Let 
us place ourselves in harmony with a natural means to beautify, and 
thereby derive the benefits of all natural law. There are many methods 
for adding to external beauty, but only that is real an<l lasting which is 
made permanent by natural means. The following pages will reveal those 
means. 



364 



FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 



THE TRUE BASIS OF PERSONAL BEAUTY 



The foundation of all personal beauty is good health. As perfect 
health exists only when the functions of the body can perform their part 
without bein{]; molested, it stands to reason that the care of the body in 
the manner of clothing is a most important subject and deserves our first 
attention. 

In the more enlightened races there has recently been a great evolu- 
tion in dress. This is Ijecause people are 
learning the law. Elasticity, warmth and 
lightness are the ol)jects to be sought. From 
neck to toe there should Ik; absolute freedom. 
It is only since woman began to awaken 
to her individual needs that she has declared 
against bands, steels, bones and stays. 
Healthful dres^ is always compati'': with 
artistic dress. Mrs. Talbot says "That which 
leaves the body untrammeled is beautiful, 
provided the covering is for use, not for 
adornment only." 

The style of underclothing as well as the 
dress is of prime importance. We are glad 
to see that for daily use the union undergar- 
ment has largely replaced the drawers and 
chemise. For summer it is made sleeveless and of knee length ; for winter 
it reaches from wrist to ankle. Finely woven cotton, or coarse linen is the 
preferred material. Silk is not durable ; wool is too warm and also irritates 
the flesh. 




MASSAGING THE BODY. 



SALLOW FACES AND DEFORMED FIGURES 

The small wasp waist, so admired by a few, is fast going out of style. 
Fashion must give way to sensible thought. Who will be foolish enough 
to persist in a thing that deadens the vitality, deforms the figure, spoils 



FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 365 

the skin and takes sparkle from the eye. To repa.r this ravage the artist 
comes on the scene, but it is too late, corsets have done their /ork 

beamy ^''" "" ''''"'"'^ '''' "^ ^"^' ^""^^ """- ^^-nst 

of sLf ^'""^1?^' """'"'" '"'''' ' '°'"''>' '-'•^^gg^^'-^ted contour in place 
ot shght and subtle curves. 

2. Sickly, sallow complexion, 

3- Pale, thin, compressed lips. 

4- Red noses. 

pidity ^^''' °^ buoyancy, general feebleness, lassitude, apathy, and stu- 

6. Distorted features. 

7. Soured tempers. 

8. Wrinkles. 

9. Lustreless eyes. 

10. Ugly shoulders. 

11. Ugly bust. 

12. Clumsiness. (Corsets render any woman more or less inelegant 
and ungraceful in her movements. Her imprisone.l waist with its flabbv 
unused muscles has no chance of performing beautiful un.lulnting move- 
ments.) ^ 

Stays do not strengthen the body; on the contrarv. thev weaken it 
The pressure upor the muscles causes them to waste, so that in the end' 
a girl cannot do without them. The stays are then obhge.l to perform 
the duty of the wasted muscles. They weaken the lungs bv interfering 
w.th the,r functions. Every inspiration is accompamed bv a movement 
of the ribs. If this movement is impede.], the functions of the lun-s are 
impeded likewise, and. consequently, disease is likelv to follow, an.l either 
•lifficulty of breathing, cough or consumption mav ensue. Thev weaken 
the heart's action, and thus frequently produce palpitation, an.l event.nllv 
orgamc or incurable disease of the heart. Thev weaken the digestion by 
pushmg down the stomach and liver, and bv compressing the latter and 
thus induce indigestion, flatulence and liver disease. Thev weaken the 



366 FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 

bowels by impeding their peristaltic motion, and thus produce either 
constipation or rupture. 

THE ELIXIRS OF LIFE 

In disease, rest and pure air is half the cure: indeed, some forms 
of disease are cured by rest and deep breathing alone. Almost any form 
of indigestion, or headache, will yic.d if that system is allowed proper rest 
and plenty of good heavenly air. One may, with advantage, fast from 
one meal up co three, four, or seven days. This time allows the system 
to rid itself of whatever is clogging it, at the same time g.vmg an over- 
worked digestion rest. 

The sleep of all persons should be calm, without pain, uneasmess or 
dreams It should be neither interrupted nor too long undisturbed. The 
more noiseless the breathing the more healthy. The better position to 
assume on retiring is to lie upon the right side. If there is food m the 
stomach it passes out the more readily. The pillow should be just enough 
to allow the body a horizontal position when lying on the side. The mat- 
tress mav be of straw, husks, hair or wool, but not feathers. The covenng 
should combine warmth with lightness, .\bsolute cleanliness in regard to 
beds is the most essential requirement 

THINK JOY. LOVE. PE.\CE 

The following mental treatment, recommended by Charles Fillmore, is 
guaranteed to cure every ill that ilesh is heir to: "Sit for half an hour every 
night at 9 o'clock and mentally forgive every one against whom you have 
anv ill-will or antipathv. If you fear or are prejudiced against even an ani- 
mal mentally ask forgiveness of it and send it thoughts of love. If you have 
accused anv one of injustice, or talked about them unkindly, or criticise.l 
them or gossiped about them, withdraw your words by asking them m 
the silence to forgive you. If you have ha<l a falling out with friends or 
relatives, are at law or engage'd in contention with any one. write letters 
of forgiveness and withdraw all proceedings that will tend to prolon- 
the separation. See everybody and everything as they really are. Pure 



FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISllMEST y,- 

Spirit, and send them your strongest thoughts of love. Do not go to hcl 
any night feehng that you have an enemy in he world. 

"Be careful not to think a single thought or say a word t!,at will oftcd 
Be patient, loving and kind under all circumstances. Wm can ,!„ ,l,i. [[ 
you are faithful to the Silent Hour, because there vou will be helped to 
overcome selfishness. 

"Self-condemnation is also a great error an<l lea.ls to dire results If 
you have accused yourself of ignorance, foolishness, fear, sickness anxietv 
poverty, anger, jealousy, stinginess, ambition or weakness or if vou -.rj 
melancholy and indulge in the 'blues' ask forgiveness for each of the lovine 
Father." * 

A CURE FOR CORPULENCY 

Very corpulent people are neither strong nor vigorous, and an excess 
of this kind should be treated as an abnormal condition. Cnuses-K.xcess 

of sweets, fine (lour, sugar, 
potatoes, pastry, fats, or 
creams. Treatment.— Hot 
baths of all kinds, exer- 
cise, moderation in eating, 
friction over the entire 
body with a b;.th brush, 
very deep breathing a few 
minutes, three to fnur times 
a day. Diet.— Bread made from the entire wheat tlour; beef, inutm.,. 
all kinds of fish, oysters, raw or cooked, without riour; poultry, all kinds, 
but not thickened with flour; lettuce, onions, asparagus. ' eld slaw. 
celery, string beans, sour apples, peaches, strawberries without cream or 
sugar, coffee and tea in moderation. Hat slowly, in moderate (|uantitios, 
and take as little liquid as possible at meals. liathe every ni-ht with eld 
water. The bowels will regulate themselves after tins <liet Ii.i. been 
adhered to for a few days. Use injections to clear the rectum of t;cccs 
until a natural movement has been restored. 




OSTEOPATHIC TREATMENT TO REDUCE FLESH. 



368 FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 

CAUSE AND CURK OF LKAN AND NERVOUS PEOPLE 
Causes. — Excess of sweets, acids, spices. fin« Hour, pastn . meutal 
worry, or weak digestion. Thiu people having weak digestion are often 
kept so by the same food which causes others to lie corpulent. If the 
starch, butter and fine Hour cannot be digested, the system is kept in a 
feverish, dyspeptic state, and nervousness or consumption result for no 
other reason than that life is burned out by a diet which only produces 
heat and does not renew the tissues. Treatment. — Attend well to cleanli- 
ness, so as to eliminate all impure secretions that tend to the surface. This 
aids in purifying the blood and strengthening the muscles. Hot baths are 
best, such as are directed for corpulency, except that a thin person should 
use oils very often after a hot bath, rubbing well into the skin, with a 
piece of ilannel or Turkish bath towel, until the skin is dry and soft. This 
induces a feeling of strength and health. Practice the deep breathing two 
or three minutes from three to four times daily. Breathing too long or 
too often would over-stimulate the brain, produce dizziness, and some- 
times headache. 

i)iet. — For lean and nervous people, bread maile from the entire 
wheat Hour, cream, butter, milk, graham mush, oatmeal mush with 
cream or sugar, soups of all kinds, eaten hot at the beginning of a 
meal, and seasoned with plenty of celery, onions or parsley; light pud- 
dings, farina, rice, tapioca, corn starch, with cream or sugar, and fruits of 
all kinds with little sugar. .Much sugar in a weak stomach is usually con- 
verted to lactic acid, creating acidity and heartburn, causing too much 
acid in the system, consequently leanness and nervousness. All liquids 
except soup should be taken between meals. Drink plenty of good water 
' without ice. Vegetables, baked potatoes, boiled spinach, peas, beans, 
lettuce, cabbage, boiled celery, onions, meats of all kinds, chicken, oysters, 
fish, eggs, and lobsters. Tea and coffee sparingly. 

HOW TO PREVENT WRINKLES 
The object of a skin food is to prevent wrinkles which mar the smooth- 
ness and beauty of ever so nice a complexion. Mme. Qui Vive calls them 



i 



^■^ 




>v.\iM Tkv oi- !.-\ri: 




bRUNKTTr-A TVPK OF BEAUTY 




FEMALE BEAUTY A.\D ACCOMPLlSHMEXr 371 

"unnecessary evils-anyway until one gets to be a hundrc.l or so " Tl.cy 
appear because the subcutaneous fat has been al)sorbecl. an.l the .k.n falls 
"Uo folds. U hen the skin food or olive oil is applied the fattening, quali- 
ties arc nourished and they in turn build 
up the underlying tissues. 

Mme. Pote says nut even wcjrry will 
make a woman grow wrinkled and old 
so rapidly as sleeping with the head upon 
high pillows. The tendency of tlie mus- 
cles through the day is to droop; this can 
be counteracted by sleeping on a low 
pillow. The facial massage should con- 
sist mainly of upward pressure. 

F.\CI.\L ERLTTIOXS-HOW CURED 

TREATMENT TO PREVENT WRINKLES. Facial erui)iions are largelv due to 

internal impurity, but are sometimes 
caused by disease or by an irritating soap, or use of ix)wder. Where 
the face is washed and cleaned more than the rest of the body the impuri- 
ties are called to where escape is most freely offered. When it is made 
unsightly by blotches, attention must be given to the diet, to the inter- 
nal bath, and other hygienic measures. All pastries and ccjnfections must 
be given up. Feast on fniits and nuts instead of candies: eat apples, 
oranges, lemons, grapes, etc. Pimples or blotches must never be irritated;' 
keep the skin clean, the skin food applied, and let the cure come from' 
bathing and purifying through fresh air and pure food. 

PIMPLES ON THE F,\CE-HOW CURED 

Hard red pimples are a common and an obstinate atifection of the skin, 
affecting the forehead, temples, the nose, chin, and cheeks: occasionally 
attacking the neck, shoulders, back, and chest. As they more frequently 
afTect the young, and are disfiguring, they cause nuich annoyance. 1 fnid. 
in these cases, great benefit from bathing the face, night and m.jrning, 



372 



FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISH MENT 



V 



with strong salt and watcn— a tahlespoonful of table salt to a teacupfiil of 
water; paying attention to the bowels; living on plain, wholesome, nour- 
ishing food, and taking a great deal of outdoor exercise. Sea bathing is 
often very beneficial. Cirubs and worms have a mortal antipathy to salt. 

Blackheads require nuich the same treatment. They are due to inac- 
tivity of the sebaceous glanils and hence disappear when activity becomes 
a form of treatment. 

Do not bathe the face with soap and water before going out without 
fortifying it with some preparation, such as the following: 

Take of— Distilled witch hazel, three ounces. 

Prepared cucumber juice, lliree ounces. 
Rosewater, one and one-half ounce. 
Essence white rose, one and one-half ounces. 
Tincture of benzoin, one-half ounce. 

After using a little of the above a powder may be dusted lightly over 
the face. 

Sunburn is a burn and should be treated as such. Treat with a cold 
cream rubbed well into the skin. 

BE.\UTY AND EXPRESSION OF THE EYES 

The eyes, of all the features, .stand pre-eminent for their beauty and 
expression. They are the windows of the soul. They alone "reveal the 
internal thought of the mind." Melting with sadness, or sparkling with 
joy, or glowing with love, they impart to the countenance those real 
fascinations which are the attributes of man and man alone. 

An eye is beautiful when it is full, clear and brilliant, corre- 
sponding in color with the complexion, especially so if the eyelids, eye- 
lashes and eyebrows, which, with it, are also beautiful, and in keeping 
with it. 

The care of the eyes consists chiefly in daily bathm^ or washing thetii 
with pure water. 

To face the light when reading or writing, to sew or embroider in a 
flickering artificial light, to read lying abed, are a few of the things to be 



^-» 



"BM.-wi: „n,rry ./at, .>ccoMrus,u„vr ,. 

mMk ,l,i„fc,, „.ri,„„ ai„„„ „,^„^,„ ;.;;>• ' '^■^'' ""■ '>"■„ ,„.„,. ,1,,,. 

p"-;. u'eepin,. i„„..., J:;:: :: :'^^':'- ■ ■••■>' - 

of his siEh, ,„„i| |,J ,|i„, ,,;' ' " "'""7 .^' •"'■» ("-''"v..! tlu. iHTlccncss 
n.an,„„,n„-„„, ,„„,,„„ „„;X'™">;;,^'";;;>-' •'-• ■■•>- an,, „„.,,„„. ,...„„, 

BRILLIANCY OF THE EYES 

.Hen, .,.„ «a;er: :;''?:r.'c, j:,;::;':i:.;;t'''' •■■/—'> •••- « 

and actresses. ,o enhance he I i i ", "" ''"''"'"'"''': »"n,cn 

P"hnc.fre,n,en.lve, oethem ,", "•" '"'"" "'^''''""'^ '" 

a. '.::;:,:;: „?: '::^;"'a:,'r2;,;'r," '" '"•' ■ - •'- 

I '"-^'^'-"P. and tnen Iioldinfj n t,, (]„. ,...,. r^,^ ^ r 

seconds. *^>^ '""^ '^ few 

lh,s ,l,l„„, ,t,e pnp,|, ^.,,j„j, ,., p^^,,|._^ j^^i^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 



374 FEMALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 

expression of languor to the eyes, which, by some, is regade.l as raptivat- 

incr. 

The use of these medicines, in this way, is extremely injurious, result- 
ing in impaired vision. 

BEAUTIFYING THE EYEBROWS 

The eyebrows should never be cut or shaved. Their beauty consists 
in their being full, smooth, glossy, and well-defined. They should have 
little breadth vertically, but extend in a graceful, arched line well over the 
eyes. In cutting they grow coarse. 

After washing the face, the fingers or brush should be passed over the 
eyebrows to smooth and set the hairs in place. Some women, when mak- 
ing their toilet, pass the finger, very slightly moistened with pomade, or a 
burnt match, over the eyebrows, to darken and give them gloss. The 
practice is not to be recommended. A prominent gray hair m the eye- 
brows may be plucked out. but not cut off. 

BEAUTIFUL TEETH-HOW POSSIBLE. 

The care of the teeth is of the utmost importance. Besides the per- 
sonal appearance, it is highly necessary to health, on account of their use 
in preparing the food for the process of digestion, that they have the 
utmost attention. Even those who are most attentive to their teeth, and 
who highly value their beauty, direct their mai,- efforts to the care of the 
front teeth, because these are seen when speaking, smiling or eating. 
Yet the preservation of the teeth and their permanent beauty are nearly 
one and the same. The management of the teeth consists in thorough 
cleanliness and the avoidance of those things that exert an injurious action 
on them Among the substances to be avoided are acid piquant sauces, 
pickles, or anything containing vinegar. Also medicines containing acids 
or acid-salts, or any salt in which a strong acid is used should be avoided. 

The teeth should be examined at least once every year by a dentist 
and all decayed spots removed and filled. 



IBMALE BEAUTY AXD ACCOMPLISHMEXT 



375 



THE CARE OF THE TEETH 
Cannot f)egin too early; tlirouRhout life they are necessary adjnncts to 
health as well as heauty. Wiien the infant teeth come they should he 
washed every niornitig with warm, clean water. Should a dark-c(»l..rc(l 
formation appear next the gum it may be removed by rubi)iiig prepared 
chalk over the discoloration. If it cannot be reached by the soft cloth 
itse a toothpick biuen into pulp. If the milk-teeth are not care.l for. the 
permanent teeth are apt to come in irregularly and be a lasting deformity. 
By the time a child is three years old he can be taught to use his brush 
himself, moving up and down rather than from side to side. 

Teeth are apt to become diseased from insufficient or improper nour- 
ishment as well as a lack of cleanliness. But this tells in all parts of the 
body. 

Cleansings of the teeth should be after each meal, and upon retiring. 
Use a mild tooth-powder (Lyon's is good), rinsing the mouth as well as 
the brush, thereafter. Tepid water should be used, as excessive cold or 
heat destroys the enamel. 

When making the morning toilet the mouth may be rinsed with water 
in which there is a drop of listerine or carbolic acid; it prevents tenderness 
of the gums. Occasionally a little juice from a lemon may be s(|ueeze(! 
over the brush and rubbed over the teeth, to remove the yellowish deposit; 
it must be used quickly and the mouth rinsed as it may damage the 
enamel. It must be borne in mind that the enamel. Nature's protection 
for the teeth, when once destroyed is never formed anew. Hard sub- 
stances that break or scratch it should never come in contact with the 
teeth. A splendid strengthener and beautificr to the teeth of children 
and young folks is that known as "Ostine." If not found in your drug 
store, address the "Ostine Company." Masonic Temple. Chicago, and a 
pamphlet will be sent you with price. Never bite threads, or crack luits 
with the teeth. 

BEAUTIFUL HANDS 

While it nay seem a little out of place to treat the hands when speak- 
ing of the features of the face, yet our space is so limited that unless we 



MICROCO^ RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




■ 2.8 



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1.8 




jd -APPLIED IIVMGE Inc 

^Sr 1653 EosI Main Street 

S%a Roct>esfer, New York 14609 USA 

'■as (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

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376 I' EM ALE BEAUTY AND ACCOMPLISHMENT 

do, we fear it will he crowded out altogether. The liands — their shape, 
contour and texture — is a large subject and deserves more than a passing 
notice, hut a word as to their care will, we hope, pro\ c helpful. 

After bathing the hands, the skin should I)e pushed back from the 
nails to prevent hang-nails. Nails should be trimmed the same shaj)e as 
the fmgcr. Use no sharj) instrument about the nails except the scissors 
f ,r trinnning. Rub callous spots with pumice stone. 

Kedness of the hands is due to restriction of the circulation. Either 
the sleeves, corset, or waist, is too tight. Lemon juice will whiten the 
hands: apply cold cream immediately after using it. Protect the hands 
from cold; it is destructive to their beauty. 

FOR CHAPPED H.'\NDS 

Tie a teacupful of bran in a muslin bag, and put over night into a large 
water can or jug of rain water. Use this water to wash with on the fol- 
lowing morning, and every morning until the chaps are cured. As often 
as water is withdrawn from the water can or jug. refill with fresh rain 
water, in order that the bran may be constantly soaking in it. The bran 
in the bag should be renewed about twice a week. 

Take particular care to dry the skin well every time it is washed; 
then, as well as every night at bedtime, rub a piece of deer's suet over the 
parts affected ; a few dressings will perform a cure. The deer's suet may 
be bought at any of the shops where venison is sold. Another excellent 
remedy is glycerine, which should be smeared, by means of the finger or a 
camel's hair brush two or three times a day on the parts affected. 



CHAPTER XXIX 
IDEAL FACE AND FEATURES 

Her eyes her l„.s, her cheeks, her shape, her features 

Sceni to be drawn by love's own liand ; by 1, ,ve 
Himself in love. ,, , 

— JJryden. 

utcs A lugl, (orclicad ,s always ,„ l,o a.|,„i,x-,l. I.u. „■ wc ,|„„-, 
1 o»css ... the,, le, .. ,or„ .o s„ .Ires ,„c la-a,! as ■„ ,„a.e „„„, J, 
>..nv o a,hantage. Perhaps „„„, i,„„„rla,„ an.l ,1,.„ ul.iol, ne , 
c.osest care an.I watcli is the coniplcxi,,,, 

O, r eel,„gs are por,r.a,e,l very accra.ely .,„ ,l,e surface „f ,„c ace a, I 
are te egraphe,! s.len.ly ,„ all ,vl,„ l,elu,W i,. C„„se„„en,ly there I 
way of ,hsg„,s,„g the real ca„se of a l,a,l expressi.,,, " 

There may be lotions for the con.plexion a,„l tonics for the hair l,„t 
.mless the ,„ner wotnan he nn.ler cultivation also, the venee v ' 1" 

va.l or long. I, „„e shoul.l he nn.ler a here.li.arv cl.„ , i| . , e m 

■l.at ,. ,s not natural to look for the hright si.lc. t can he .lisp.'r'e T| 
culttvattng cheerfulness an.I antiahility until the hahit hec.u.es I 
ro th,s ettd ,t vvtll be of great assistance to practice Mrs. Talbof, t 
Lesson; „h,cl, ,s, to go to your room an.I lock the .loor; sit ,l„,vn I v v„n 

aft ; h "Tk " """' '°' ^'°""- "■'"'"'' '" <"'- "-"Kl.- an 

men. of gladness ,U.„a,„re. or '•the blues." will he banished as .larkness 
tades before an influx of light. 

IDEAL SKIN AND COMPLEXION 
Every individual knows what the skin is so far as its external anpcar- 

ful construction and uses. It not merely acts as an organ of sense and a 

377 




378 



IDEAL PACE AND FEATURES 



protection to the surface of the body, but it cioMies it in a garment of the 
most delicate texture. 

The skin is very sensitive, and while it possesses the softness of velvet 
and the hues of the lily and rose, it nevertheless jmssesses strength and 
power of resisting external injury, and is not only capable of repairing, 
but of actually renewing itself. It is not protected with hair, wool, or with 
feathers, as with the brjte creation, yet the human skin is furnished with 
innumerable nerves, which make it extremely susceptible to all climates. 
Instinct teaches us to provide clothing, to shield it from the glaring rays 
of the sun and the cold of winter. 

LAYERS OF SKIN— HOW FORMED 

The skin, though in appearance a single membrane, is composed of 
three distinct membranes, each of which .has special duties to perform. 
The exterior or cuticle is the one which immediately meets the eye. It is 
of uneven thickness. Some parts are extremely thin and delicate, and 
others thicker and harder. 

It is devoid of feeling, and thus well fulfills its office as a protective cov- 
ering of the body. Throughout its surface it consists of minute pores, 
which permit the escape of the perspiration. Its renewals are carried on at 
its under surface, while its damaged, worn-out and useless portions are 
thrown off in the form of scales. 

Under the cuticle, and resting on the cutis, is the mucous networ'-. 
This is a thin layer of soft, pulpy matter, of a fibrous character and appears 
to be the seat of the color of the skin. 

Beneath the mucous network, and forming the third, last in succession 
inwards, and principal tegumentary covering of the body, is the true skin. 
It is highly sensitive and of a very complex structure. It is fil)rous and ot 
a whitish color. It is verj' thickly supplied with absorbent and excretorv 
vessels, with arteries, veins, and nerves. 

SKIN STRUCTURE— HOW TO PERFECT 

The minute capillaries of the arteries spread themselves out and arc- 
thus able to exhale the peculiar secretion which we call perspiration; here 



IDEAL FACE AND FEATURES ^j.j 

the so-called roots of the hair originate and find nourishment; and here 
all the functions of tiie skip, are performed. It is this portion of the body 
that gives the relative thickness to the whole skin. 

Thus the general structure of the human skin is absolutclv perfect. 
It combines within itself the organ of sense, of excretion, secretion, respi- 
ration and nutrition. The life of its functions is not otdy highly conducive 
to health, but is absolutely essential to its perfect enjoyment, to both phys- 
ical and mental vigor, and to beauty. This then surdy deserves our seri- 
ous attention. 

In perfect health, the management of the skin is very simple, and con- 
sists of habitual cleanliness by daily personal ablution. To preserve the 
softness of its texture, and the delicacy of its hues, it is necessary to pro- 
tect It. as much as possible, fron- .xternal influences and all external acci- 
dents capable of injuriously afifecimg it. 

Exposures to the extremes of heat and cold, and sudden changes of 
temperature, tend to destroy its natural sensibility, to thicken and harden 
it, to render it coarse and rough. It imparts to it also a streakv. ruddy, 
weather, jeaten appearance. Drying winds, whether hot or cold, also 
prove injurious, as they carry off the moisture which is essential to its 
proper action. 

HOW SUNLIGHT AFFECTS THE COMPLEXION 

On the other hand, continual exposure to a moist atmosphere, or 
hum" • tends to relax it and remove its impurities. Light and shade 
also aiiect the skin. Sun baths for some little time each day are favorable 
to health and beauty of the skin, and improve the color of the complexion; 
but the direct rays of hot sun. particularly the summer, when long con- 
tinued, thicken and darken it. 

An insufificient exposure to light, on the contrar>-. causes the skin to 
assume a pale and sickly hue, and to become lax and unhealthy. To 
overcome the ill effect of external influences the dry skin, after ablution 
or bathing, may be slightly anointed with some mild oil, like the pure olive 
oil and any vegetable oil. Friction should at the same time be employed 



38o 



I DUAL I- ACE A. FEATURES 



by means of the fingers, and the whole surface subsequently gently wiped 
with a napkin or towel. Glycerine may also be used instead of oil. By 
diluting tlnV with five or six times its bulk of soft water we have a lotion 
which is not only -apable of imparting delicacy and an agreeal)le sensation 
to the skin, but also of presen'ing it, to a very great extent, from the 
effects of drying winds. 

Pure food, pure water and pure air in addition to the above suggested 
care will do wonders for a good complexion. To keep the skin in good 
cr^ndition the body must be kept cleansed of impurity from its millions 
oi perspiratory pores. 

AIR B.'MH.S BENEFICIAL TO THE SKIN 
Stimulating the little nerves that lie upon the surface of the body 
tends to stimulate the heilthy action of the skin, the circulation of the 
blood, and. finally the operations of all the organs. To do this successfully 
completely disrobe, go into a room filled with fresh air, and rub down. 
This is particularly gratifying after a long day of hard work or shopping 
or visiting. If you feel nervous or irritable try this simple method of 
opening the pores. It will riake you doubt if you were in a bad humor 
after all, so pleasing will be the change. 

LOTIONS 

In bathing the face, be careful not to be rough in application of soap 
and towel. From exposure to the air and dust the face and hands need 
extra care. Use warm, soft water, lather the face and hnnds with a good 
soap, and then massage every portion of the face and neck until the flesh 
tingles; after which rinse, and dry by patting the skin with a soft towel. 
Apply then the following skin food: 

Spermaceti, one-half out ce. 

White wax, one-half ounce. 

Sweet almond oil, two ounces. 

Lanoline, one ounce. 

Cocoanut oil, one ounce. 

Tincture benzoin, three drops. 

Orange flower water, one ounce. 



IDEAL PACE ASD FEATVKES 



38« 



A GREAT BFAUTIFIKR 

There are few things more con.h.cive to hcaltl, than walking exorcise 
\\ alk,ng-I mean a walk, not a stroll-is a gloriuns exercise: ii e.xpan.ls 
the ehest and throws haek the shonhlers; it strengthens the nn.scies- it 
promotes digestion; it tends to open the howels. and is Letter t ,an any 
apenent pill ever invente.l; it dears vi,e complexion, giving roses to the 
cheeks .-m.I brilliancy to the eye. and. in point of fact, is one of the greatest 
beautifiers in the world. 

The early mor.iing is the most desirable time for a walk. The dews of 
cvenmg are fre(|nently dangerons. giving eolds. fevers, and other diseases 

Do you desire to be strong? Then take exercise. Do von hope to 
retam your bloom and youthful appearance and still look channing in the 
eyes of your husban.l? Then take exercise. Do vou wish to banish ner- 
vousness and low spirits? Then take exercise. There is n<.thing stan.ling 
still m nature; if ,t were, creation would languish an<l die. There is a 
perpetual motion. And so must we be constantly emplove.l if we are to 
he healthy and strong. Nature will not be trifled with; these are her 
Iaws-,mmutable and unchangeable, and we cannot infringe 'hem with 
impunity. 



CHAPTER XXX 
THE HAIR— ITS BEAUTT AND PRESERVATION 

IF THERE be one subject more tlian another in which the tastes of 
people appear to agree, it is that g ossy, luxuriant hair is not only an 

adjunct to beauty, but essential to the highest development of the per- 
sonal charms. Among the Orients, and the Romans, as in all time since, 
the care, arrangement and decoration of the hair formed next to the bath 
the leading portion of their toilet. 

Every woman should adopt a style of dressing the hair becoming to 
herself and cling fondly to it. Each passing whim of fashion cannot 
improve the appearance of everybody. 

Oily hair should be washed twice a month in country places — i -ce a 
week in cities, and thoroughly rinsed. Hair not so oily, about once in a 
month. The hair should also be trimmed once a month. When t'.ie 
nourishment within each hair does not extend the full length it splits. 
The trimming of the ends is to remove these dead portions, thus promot- 
ing growth. When the hair begins falling, the scalp may be invigorated 
by massage treatments. It quickens the circulation and brings health and 
strength to the roots. 

TONICS FOR THE HAIR 

The best application for the hair is cold water and two good hair 
brushes. Avoid oil and pomatum. There is a natural oil of the hair, 
which is far superior to any other oil. The best way to wash the hair is 
to make a strong shampoo of Green's soap, pure Castile soap, Woodbury's 
tar soap, and Pear's soap. Wet the hair thoroughly with hot water, then 
apply the shampoo. Rub thoroughly, rinse with hot watei, then cold. 
Rub till dry. The best daily beautifier of the hair is a downright thorough 
good brushing with two good hair brushes. 

383 



THE JJ AIR-ITS BEAUTY AND PRLSERl'ATIOX 



383 



Brushing the hair at night removes accumulations of lust. Dandnit! 
IS a natural formation and will accumulate if cleanliness is not ohscrved. 

The following remedy is good for dandruff an<l falliiij- hair: 

Bay rum, one pint. 

Soft water, one pint. 

Salt, one teaspoon. 

Put in bottle, shake before using. Apply directly to the scalp eacli 
night, rubbing it well in. 

When bodily health is not good it is to be seen in the liair. Any of 
the symptoms should suggest attention to health. 



GR.\Y H.\IR— now PRKVF.XTED 

It may be laid down as a law, to which there are no exceptions, that 
the vigor, luxuriance, and beauty of the hair uniformly correspond to the 
state of health of the scalp from which it grows. While the scalp is soft 
and thick, and the blood circulates vigorously there is then no danger of 
decay. If the health is impaired soon after the middle age. and frecpiently 
even before it, gray hairs begin to appear. At first they are few in number, 
but time soon multiplies them, and in a few years they become sufficiently 
numerous to afTect the general color of the hnir. 

Among other causes besides the health may be mentioned the use of 
improper cosmetics, anxiety, irregular habits, use of tobacco, want of fresh 
air and exercise and keeping the head unhealthily hot and close. It may 
be i,l)served also that whatever proves injurious to the skin also proves 
injurious to the hair-bulbs imbedded in it, and consequently to the hair 
itself. 

BALDNESS 

Baldness arises from the reduced energy of the circulation in the ves- 
sels of the scalp, until it becomes too poor for their due nutrition and sup- 
port. In such cases it will be found that the scalp now covers a larger 
portion of the skull than it previously did w hen vigorous : and that its 
sides have somewhat receded from the top of the head, so that the balance 



3R4 THE HAIR^ITS BEAVIY ,1X1) PRESERVATIOS 

of the rcmaiiiinjr hairs .Icscend lower ..n the fonhea.l aii.l the sides an.l 
back of tlie iH'ik, than formerly. 

W hen t' hair ceases to ^jrou. and falls off in iar^'c .|nantities without 
benic: replaced l.y new Rrowths. the ai.proach of I.aldncss n.av he antici- 
patc.l. Xow is the time to l.efjin treatment. If promptly and skilfully 
carried ( .tit the profrrcss of decay may he arrested. 

The treatment should consist of fre..uent frictions with the hairbrush 
and the <!aily ablutions in cold wa«er. A cold shower-bath taken on rising 
in the morning is also good. 



JHAPTF.RXXXI 
GRACEFUL DEFELOl^MENT OF THE BODT 

AHEALTiiy mind i„ a hc.lthy l.,«ly uas the Grecian i.U-.l. ul,.,„ 
o long as that .deal a<lher. 1, cansed (ircece to Ica.i .la- world Bu 

side, .r''" IT '""'■ ''""""*' ''•^- '^^^- •"•'^- --•<-' '>"•" the out- 
side, Nvhereas the law means first J,e healthy nnn-l 

Breath is the first need of a healthy life. The hahe's lir.t crv ,s his 

physical need ..r air. Respiration introduces .>syKen. a f..,.d. into the 

ungs and by the diffusion of gases leaves son.e of it with tl,c old air in 

the^lobules and carries away carbonic acid gas-a wa,te and poisonous 

Oxygen is the most abundant and the most important of all the ele- 
ments. Almost all of the chemical changes in the bodv are between the 
oxygen c the air and tho carbon and hydrogen of the food. When 
Jlepnved c. pure air the body is injured as much as whe.t .leprived of pure 
food— though m a different manner. 

The body need.s. in pounds, three times as much air as it .Iocs foo.l and 
c^nnK combmed; yet so accustome.l are people to eat an.l drink, and to 
breathe scantily, that tb- body is fille.l with .lisease an.l inipuritv. Morbid 
lungs mean morbid con.litions in every function of the UnW ' 

It IS very desirable that every person sh.,ul.l go thn.ugh a regular 
breatbmg exercise each day. Thry shoubl be ma.le t., stand u,,nght 
throw back the shoul.lers. an.l alternately an.l regularlv full, f.ll an.l fullv 
empty the lungs of air. f this plan .vere .laily followe.l. devoting fifteen 
or twenty minutes to the exercise, the chest and lungs wouM be wonder- 
tully mvigoraied. and the whole .ody benefited. 

E.ASR AXD GRACE 
In middle life and even in old age suppleness of the bodv may be 
preserved by attention to certain needs of the bodv. One writer savs 

3S5 ' ' ^" 



386 



GRACEFUL DEVELOPMENT OP THE BODY 



"Exercise all yoitr life. When you stop exercising and becoine indolent, 
you bcKin to die. Nature has \villc<l it so." To preserve e(|uilil)riuni it is 
necessary to take exercise enough every day to cause free perspir;ttion and 
fatigue. If the daily employment is of a physical nature tliere slu)uld yet 
1)C enough other muscular exertion to secure an all-around development of 
the hody. For adults jdiysical activity must not be violent nor too pro- 
longed, although the muscles may be firmer than in youth. 

BRE.\TniNG EXERCISES FOR THE FIGURE 

A teacher of the princi|)les elaborated by Francois Del Sarte savs: 
"Aside from a proper diet there is nothing that will bring self-control so 
readily as breathing exercises." Following are the two most highly 
recommended: 

E.xercise No. i.— Stand erect, with abdomen well out of sight, arms 
bent to level of shoulders and finger-tips upon the chest. Now look up and 
inhale breath while sweeping the arms and hands up. back and down to 
sides; exhale while sweeping hands to chest again by the heart-shaped 
circle. Repeat six times. 

Exercise No. 2. — Stand erect, expand chest and draw abdomen out of 
sight; throw head back and face up, the arms at the s=des; ,.isc as you 
inhale until the finger tips reach at the top of head, tfold breath a few 
seconds and exhale through nostrils, dropping hands gradually to side. 

Health being absolutely dependent upon the breathing powers, there 
is no phase of life in which chest cultivation should be neglected. WelU 
developed shoulders and chest always indicate fine, strong individual 

powers. 

A good breathing exercise for use on awakening in the morning is the 
following: Stand erect, beds together, hands on hips, chest up; inhale 
slowly through the nostrils until the lungs are full, then expel all the air, 
forcing it out as much as possible. Continue five times each morning. 
There will be a dizziness at first, because the system has not been used to 
so much oxygen, and it has an intoxicating effect; but this passes away 
with practice. 




THE HAIR-THE GI.ORV OF 'OMAN. 




APOl.I.O BKl.VIDKRE 
Till" Ideal Figure of a Man 



GRACEFUL DEVELOPMEXT OP THE BODY 38., 

When walking j,, the open air it is beneficial to trv the following lung 
gymnastic: Inhale slowly, then walk five or ten steps, an.l exhale slowly. 
Any person who is a me.nber of a family with tendencies to diseases of the 
air-passage will he able to hold at bay the scourge of asthn,a. bronchitis 
and consumption by this exercise. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

_ Games, such as rowing, skating, lawn tennis, hand ball, boxin- fenc- 
ing, polo, curlmg. quoits, foot-ball. golf, base ball, basket ball. l,owling 
?.nd all gynmastic exercises are very l,eneficial. Such games bring the 
iTiuscles mto proper action and thus cause them to be fully developed. 
They expan.l and strengthen the chest: th.ey cause a due circulation of the 
blood, makmg it bound merrily through the bloodvessels, and thus diffuse 
health and happiness in its course. If ga.nes were n,ore patronized in 
youth, so many miserable, nervous, useless creatiu'es would not aboimd 
Unfortunately, in this enlightened age, we conuneuce at the uron-r end^ 
we put the cart before the horse-we begin by cultivating the miml. and 
we leave the body to be taken care of afterward. The two are inseparable 
lliey should be trained together. 

Horseback riding, running and walking are also splendi.l exercises 
bwmim.ng ,s a glorious exercise-one of the best that can be taken- it 
expands the chest: promotes digestion; develops the nn,scles, and brin-^s 
mto action s..me muscles that by any other form of exercise are but sel- 
dom brought into play: it strengthens an.l braces the whole fra,ne and 
thus makes the swimmer resist the liability of catching cold; it gives'both 
boys and girls courage, energy, and self-reliance, splen.lid qt.alities in this 
rough world of ours. It is a fine exercise for those who are inclined to be 
round-shouldered. 

ROUND SHOULDERS-HOW OVERCOME 

One ought never to be allowed to stoop; stooping spoils the figure 
M-eakens tlie chest, and interferes with the digestion. " Horseback rHing 
and swimmmg are very beneficial. One should live on goo,! nourishing 



39© 




GRACEFUL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BODY 



diet, and not be too closely confined to the house or lessons. Stooping, 
if neglected, is very apt to lead to consumption. 

If a boy is round shouldered, let him be drilled; there is nothing more 
likely to benefit him than drilling. You never see a soldier round-shoul- 
dered or slouchy in his gait. He walks every inch a man. Look at the 
difference in appearance between a country boy and a soldier. It is 
the drilling that makes the difference. 





PART VII 
THE DOCTOR IN THE HOME 



CHAPTER XXXII 
HOME REMEDIES AND HOW TO USE THEM 

AT THE urgent request of many friends and to meet the growin. 
demand of the multitude of mothers who believe in admi.'sterin^ 
at home the milder remedies of homeopathy, the following pages 
have been added. Space will not permit an exhaustive description of au 
the medicmes and the treatment of all the diseases to which mankind is 
subject, but the object has been to select such as may be treated with 
comparative safety by any intelligent mother. The treatments given 
here are recommended by the most advanced physicians of the homeo- 
pathic school, and the remedies advised those that can be most easily 
obtained. » 

It has become quite 
the thing in many homes 
to keep on hand a medi- 
cine chest with some forty 
remedies to use in case a 
slight ailment attacks 
any member of the fam- 
ily. This method is far 
cheaper than calling in a 
physician each time that 
Johnnie has a fever. Be- 
sides, its quick use has 

another advantage— oft- all chests contain lock and kev 

entimes. in the night, for instance, a disease can be arrested, while if one 

391 




392 



HOME REMEDIES 



waits till morning to summon the doctor, the disease is apt to get so firm 
a hold of the patient as to make it difficult to check. 

If a chest as suggested here cannot be procured of one's own druggist, 
by writing Boericke and Tafel's, Homeopathic Pharmacists, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, or Philadelphia, Pa., a catalogue will be mailed. With this catalogue 
in hand one can readily decide what to procure. A $5.00 chest is plenty 
large for ordinary families, as the bottles can be refilled when exhausted. 



DELAYED AND OBSTRUCTED MENSTRUATION 
(See page 94.) 

An excellent prescription, recommended by Prof. Cooke, of Hahne- 
mann Medical College, Chicago, is as follows : About two weeks before 
the period, take a dose of Gelsemium every day at night, and a dose of 
Belladonna in the morning. At the time for the menses, if there is much 
pain, take these two remedies alternately every two or four hours. 

Pulsatilla — If the patient is melancholy and sad, and inclined to weep; 
paleness with flashes of heat; loss of appetite, with desire for acids; nausea 
and vomiting. 

Bryonia — If there is congestion of the head; flushed face, frequent 
nose bleeding, constipation; palpitation of the heart. 

Lycopodium is suitable for similar symptoms. 

Phosphorus — If the patient is predisposed to lung disease, weak chest, 
cough, ])ain in chest, spitting of blood. 

Arsenicum — If she has dropsical swellings about the eyes, or of the 
feet or limbs, oale complexion, chlorotic. 

Sulphur — if the preceding remedies fail. 

Administration of Remedies — Give a dose (six globules) every morn- 
ing of either of the above remedies for a week or ten days. If better, 
discontinue four days, and give sulphur every morning for a week. 

It is well for the patient, a few days before the period, to take a warm 
hip or foot bath twice a day, and at night when retiring to apply cloths 
wet in warm water to the lower part of the abdomen. 



HOME REMEDIES 



393 



SUPPRESSION OF THE MENSES 

Aconite-When the suppression is caused l,y fright or cold, with con- 
gestion of blood to the head and chest, redness of the face, nausea faint- 
ness, g.ddine3s, this may be given in alternation with Bryonia If these 
remedies afford only partial relief, give Opium. 

Belladonna-For patients of full and robust habit: Symptoms are 
beating headacne, redness of the face, congestion .f the head or chest 
great thirst. 

Bryonia-Headache and giddiness, aggravated bv stooping and mo- 
tion; pain m stomach, sour belchings, constipation, bleeding of the nose 

Pulsatilla— The most important remedy in this trouble. Called for 
when the suppression is occasioned by getting cold; severe hea.lache 
confined to one side oi the head, with shooting pains, extending to face' 
ears and teeth; dizziness, with humming in the ears; palpitation <.f the 
heart; coldness of the hands and feet; flushes of heat: nausea and vomit- 
ing; pressure m the lower part of abdomen; feeling of suffocation on the 
least exertion; frequent desire to urinate, leucorrhrea; sadness. 

Sepia— Nervous headache, with alternate shuddering and heat; colic 
and pains in sides; bearing down pains, pale complexion, or vellow .pots 
on face; weeping; hysterical troubles, especially indicated when there is 
leucorrhoea. 

Veratrum— Nervous headache, nausea and vomiting: coldness of the 
hands and feet, weakness and fainting. 

Sulphur— Headache, principally in back of head; feeling of fullnes. and 
weight in head; throbbing and buzzing; pale face, with red spots on 
cheeks; sour stomach; pressure in abdomen; ronstipation. with ineffectual 
urging to stool; or diarrhoea, with mucus, slimv evacuations; piles leu- 
corrhoea, with itching of the private parts, pains in the loins: difficultv of 
breathing; irritable temper, and sadness. In chronic cases where 'the 
patient is very much reduced, give either China. Graphites, Arsenicum or 
^atrum Muriaticum. 



Administration of Remedies- 



-Dissolve twelve globules in twelve tea- 



3^4 



HOME REMEDIES 



spoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every one or two hours, accord- 
ing to the urgency of the symptoms. If the discharge does not return, 
but the symptoms are removed, stop the medicine and commence again, 
a few days before the next period. 

CHLOROSIS OR GREEN SICKNESS 
(See puge 96.) 

Pulsatilla — For women of a mild and easy disposition, who are given 
to sadness and tears, or if cold and exposure were the causes of the dis- 
ease. The following symptoms particularly indicate this remeily : Sallow 
complexion, alternating with redness and flushes of heat, palpitation of the 
heart; cold feet and hands; difficulty of breathing, with a sense of suffoca- 
tion after any exertion; looseness of the bowels, nausea and vomiting; 
swelling of the feet; chilliness; buzzing in the ears, and neuralgic pains 
of the face; acrid, burning leucorrhcea. 

Bryonia — May be given in alternation (turn about) with Pulsatilla, 
when there is frequent congestion of the chest; constipation; bleeding 
from the nose; flushes of heat with chilliness; cough with spitting of clots 
of dark blood; pain in the small of the back. 

Ferrum— When there is great debility; want of appetite; nausea and 
hectic cough: dropsical swellings about the eyes; extreme sallowness of 
the skin: the lips are almost b.oodless; difficulty of breathii :,; want of 
vital heat. 

Sulphur — For obstinate cases, especially when the above remedies 
have not afiforded relief, although apparently indicated; throbbing pains 
in the head; humming in the ears; constant drowsiness in the daytime; 
voracious appetite;. rising of wind or sour substances from the stomach; 
emaciation; constipation of the bowels, with hard stool; great depression 
after talking; difficulty of breathing, with oppression of the chest. 

Calcarea Carb — Suitable after Sulphur, especially when the emaciation 
is very great, and there is great difficulty of breathing. 

China and Crabo Veg — A dose, alternately, every evening for five or 



HOME REMEDIES 395 

six weeks, when the disease occurs after s. vcr^ sickness, or after hemor- 
rhages. 

Administration of Remedies-Of the remedy chosen, give five or six 
globules, dry, once in four hours. If improvement sets in. lengthen the 
mtervals to twelve hours, or two or three days. 

Diet— The (het should be perfectly plain and nutritious. Avoid all 
stimulants and Inghly-seasoned food. CoflFee. green tea and liquors should 
be forbidden. 



PROFUSE MENSTRUATION 
(See chapter "Menstruation.") 

Ipecac— When the discharge is bright red. and the menses return too 
early. It may be followed bv Sabina. 

Belladonna— Wh.u the menses return too soon, and there are bearing 
down pains, with severe headache, flushed face and cold extremities. 

Crocus— This is an important remedy, indicated whe.i the discharge 
consists of dark colored clots. 

Chamomilla— When the discharge is dark colored and accompanied by 
gripmg, colicky pains, or labor-like pains; violent thirst, headache, with 
clouded sight, and humming in the ears. 

Nux Vonnca— The flow commences with sudden violent gushes stops 
for a short time, and begins agam. Spasms in the abdomen, nausea, vom- 
itmg, famtmg. Sensation of heaviness, with pain and soreness as from a 
bruise. 

Calcarea Carb— Good in obstinate cases, where the discharge has 
contmued for a long time, and has caused general constitutional disturb- 
ance. Adapted to weak and relaxed muscles, and scrofulous subjects. 

Secale— Great flooding, with violent cramp, tingling in the legs, 
cramps, and coldness of the extremities. 

Administration of Remedies— Of the selected remedy, dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and take a spoonful every half 
hour, or one or two hours, according to the severity of the symptoms. 



396 



HOMI-. REMEDIES 



PAINFUL MENSTRUATION 
(Sec page loi.) 

Belladonna — When the pains in the abdomen ar^ as if the parts were 
clutched ; severe pain in the back ; bearing down pains, as if the parts would 
fall out; the pains come on before the menses appear, accompanied with 
a strong tendency of blood to the head, with headache; frightful visions, 
red and puffed face, and violent thirst. 

Pulsatilla — Spasms in the abdomen, with discharge of clots of dark 
or pale blood; pressing pain in the abdomen and small of the back and 
sides; nausea and vomiting; frequent urging to urinate, and evacuate the 
bowels. 

Coffea — Great nervous excitement, grinding of the teeth, screaming; 
distressing colic; fullness and pressure of the abdomen: coldness of the 
body. May be given in alternation with Pulsatilla. 

Chamomilla — Pains resembling labor; menses too profuse, and too 
soon, attended with violent abdominal cramps. 

Nux Vomica. — Cramps of the womb, writhing pains in the abdomen, 
and j>ains in the back as if it were broken; forcing pains, and sickness at the 
stomach; urging to urinate. 

Secale Cornutum — Tearing and cutting colic, with profuse and long 
continued flow; pale face, cold limbs, and cold sweat. 

Veratrum — Colic, with nausea and vomiting; nervous headache; cold- 
ness of the feet, nose, and hands: fainting fits. 



CHANGE OF LIFE 
(See page 200.) 

The remedies most called for are Pulsatilla, Lachesis, Bryonia, Coccu- 
lus. Ignatia, and Sulphur. Generally the treatment may be commenced 
with Pulsatilla and Lachesis. Give one dose (six globules) of Pulsatilla 
for four days; then omit all medicines for four days; then give Lachesis 
in the same manner. If the symptoms abate do not give any more medi- 
cine, so long as improvement continues. Bryonia is to be given when 



HOME REMEDIES 



307 



there is a tendency of the blood tc the head, dizziness, etc. Ignatia, when 
the patient is nervous and irritable. 

FALLING OF THE WOMB 
(See page 191.) 

Belladonna — When there is a feeling of pressure in the abdomen as 
if the contents would fall out; heaviness in the thij,'hs. with crampy pains in 
the abdomen, extending even to the end of the spinal column; great 
sensibility and irritability; leucorrhrta and profuse menstruation. 

Sepia — Menstruation too early, too feeblt, or suppressed; pains in the 
back and abdomen, which are aggravated by walking; frtMjuetU desire to 
urinate; pressing pain in the abdomen, as if everything would fall out; 
itching, burning leucorrhoea, with a discharge of yellowish, reddish, or 
fetid fluid. 

Nux Vomica — Pressure downward, especially when walking, or after 
walking; heat and weight in the worrh and vagina; <lragging, aching pain 
in the back, in the abdomen, and down in the thighs. During the 
menses, colic, and headache; menses too early and too profuse; leucorrhoea 
with discharge of yellow fetid mucus. 

Calcarea Carb — Excellent for persons of weak muscular system, of 
scrofulous habit, and especially where the menses are exhausting, too 
profuse and too frequent. 

Commence the treatment with a dose (six globules) of Nux Vomica 
every four hours, and continue that for one week; omit the next week, 
but the week following take a dose of Sepia, night and morning. If the 
.symptoms indicate Belladonna, give that instead of Xux Vomica. 



LEUCORRHCE.\ OR WHITES 
(See chapter "Diseases of Women.") 



Pulsatilla — Where the discharge is thin and acrid, making the parts 
sore, with swelling of the vulva, or when the discharge is like cream, 
attended with cutting pains in the abdomen. Pulsatilla is best adapted to 



398 



llOMli Kl-MLiDil'.S 



women of a mild disposition, with soft, muscular system, light hair and 
pale skin. 

Sepia — Best suited to sensitive and delicate females. The diivharye 
is yellowish, or greenish, sometimes mixed with matter and hlood. burn- 
ing stitches in vagina, and with burning pain and soreness of the parts; 
falling of the womb. 

Alumina — Leucorrhaea after the menses; profuse discliarge of mucus 
during the day. stiffening the linen; burning discharge causing heat, sore- 
ness, and itching of the privates. 

Calcarea Carb— Leucorrhoea before the menses, with itching, burning 
discharge at intervals, or when making water. Best suited to females of 
light complexion, loose muscular tissue, sluggish circulation. 

Nitric Acid — For fetid, brownish, greenish, or flesh-colored leucor- 
rhoea. 

Mercurius — Purulent, burning leucorrhoea. 

Cocculus — Watery, bloo'ly leucorrhoea during pregnancy. Scanty 
menses, with leucorrhoea beivveen the periods. 

Sulphur — In stubbc-n cases; discharge slimy or yellowish, smarting, 
excoriating leucorrhoea, preceded by colic. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the selected remedy give six pills, 
morning and evening, for five days. If the case does not improve, give 
a dose of Sulphur, and omit for four days, and then repeat the remedy 
as before. If this affords no relief, the remedy must be changed. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE LUNGS 




This is an inflammation of the substance of the lungs, and is some- 
times called lung fever. It is very apt to be complicated with pleurisy, 
or bronchitis. Pneumonia may be either single or double, that is. one 
lung may be affected, or both. It is more common upon the right side, 
than upon the left. 

Symptoms — Pneumonia generally commences, as all inflammatory 
diseases do. with a chill or shivering, followed by fever, pain on one side 



HOME RliMl.niES 



399 



of the cliest. (liffictilty of bteathinir. coukIi. frc(|ticnt pulse. hrcatlniiK 
quick, ami pain, sumctimcs >liarp lik.- ;i stitcli in tlie side. 

The patient cannot lie on the a..ecte.l side, on account of tlu- pain 
and the breathing is more (li.T>cnIt when he lies on the ..ppuMte >i.le 
hence he lies mostly on the hack. A dry. painful cough is present fr..ni 
the beginning, but sometimes it is moist, and the e.xpectoration is white 
and transparent, becoming afterward rust colored, or streaked witli 
blood. The skin is dry. an.l there is thirst. flushe.I face. an.I anxiety. 

The inllammation generally reaches its height about the fifth or sixth 
day. and the symptoms remain stationary for ..ne or two davs. and then 
begin to subcide. and the patient finally recovers, if pneumonia en.is 
unfavorably, the patient lingers along for a great while, and the svmptoms 
gradually grow worse until death ends his sutTerings. 

Sometimes inflammation of the lungs appears as an epidemic, ii which 
case it is very apt to assume a malignant form, and become tvphoid pneu- 
monia. The symptoms are similar to those of simple pneumonia, with 
the e.xception of the low condition of the system, which is present. 

The inflammation is. however, of a less acute character than pneu- 
mo-iia. As the di.sease progresses, the active symptoms of pneumonia 
disappear, and the patient lies in a drowsy state, or stupor comes on. the 
skin becomes harsh and dry. and the tip and edges of the tongue present 
a very red appearance, while the upper surfuce will be ccate.l with a 
yellowish or brownish fur. The bowels swell and are very tender. 

Causes— Cold is generally the exciting cause: hence' vou will find 
pneumonia more frequent during the winter than during the summer 
months. A severe blow, or fall upon the chest, and the inhalation of 
irritating vapors may also produce it. 

General treatment— The patient should be conllned to a well venti- 
lated room, the temperature of which should be moderate, not too warm, 
or too cold. Care should be taken that he is not exposed to draughts 
of air. 

Aconite .should be given at the comn .nt. either alone or in 

alternation with Bryonia, especiallv when the ,.,er is hi-h, .^Md the p.ain in 



40O 



HOME REMEDIES 



the chest is severe. The pain is rendered worse l)y movement, or cough- 
ing, the expectoration is blooily and of the color of brick (hist, ton^^c 
coated, ijreat thirst. These reniecHes should be gi'.en in alternation (lurn 
atM)ut) every half hour or hour, a teaspoonful. until the patient is better. 
Belladonna may le given cither alone or in alternation with Aconite, 
if the fever sti!l increases, and there is considerable congestion of the 
head, with violent beating of the arteries of the neck and temples. 

Phospl ^ — This is a valuable remedy in severe cases; may precede 
Bryonia ami Uelladonna, either alone or in alternation with Ai 'uite, and 
especially if the following symptoms are present: A short, hacking 
cough, especially in the evening, with a sense of sufTocation. little or no 
expectoration; severe pain in the chest; heaviness, fullness and tightness, 
as ihough a baml were drawn around the chest, great prostration, fullness 
of the f.ice; stitcl.cs in the side, especi.lly in the left, picking at the bed- 
clothes; pulse small and quick. Tartar emetic may be given in alternation 
(turn about) with Phosphorus, especially when Aconite and Hryonia do 
not relieve; also v hen there is great repression of breathing and cough; 
the cough is loo-, with profuse expectoration, hollow and rattling; little 
or no pain; nausea md vomiting, especially after coughing. 

Pj.lsatilla — Difticulty of breathing, especially when lying upon the 
back. Particularly ijood for children when there is regular, short cough- 
ing, hoarseness and heaviness of the chest. 

Mercuriu. —When Aconite has diminished the fe.er. but there is still 
difficulty of breathir.;. and the patient is exhausted by night sweats. 

In typhoid pneumonia. China may be used, especially when the patient 
is reduced by loss of blood, and when the following symptoms are present : 
Pressi:re in the chest, stitches in the breast and sides; palpitation of the 
heart when breathing and coughing; great weaku' ss. pulse thin and 
quick. If this does not relieve i.fter having used several hours. Rhus Tox 
may be riven in alternation with it. 

Opium — When there is great drowsiness, with snoring breathing, lov 
mutterings. picking at the bedclothes, and discharges passing without the 
knowledge of the patient. 



HOME KHMEDIES 4t„ 

Hyoscyatmjs— When the eolith is very irritating an I spasuuxhc. face 
red ami hot; eyes sparklinj;; tongue dry and Imnxniili. 

\eratrum— If the pulse is very small and weak, the linih^ cold, .lelir- 
ium. vomiting, diarrliaa. and rapid sinking of >trength. 

.\rnica— May be given for the >iam? synipttiius as Opium. I ••• «heti 
there is no delirium. Camphor an.l Coftea in alternate dost, if the 
patient is sinking rapi.lly. with coi.l liml.s. and delirium: an.l particularly 
if he is covered with col<l perspiration. 

Admhiistration of Remedies— Of the sdecte.l remedy dissolve twelve 
globules in as many spoonfuls of water, and give a tcaspoonful every hour, 
two. three or four hours, according to the severity > ^ the symptoms. The 
diet should be plain, consisting of easily digoste.l substance*, such as gruel, 
etc. It is well to use a poultice of hot corn meal, applie.l to the chest 
This must be continued until the patient is dccideuly relieved. 



DYSI'LI'SIA 

Dyspepsia is one of the most common diseases wit'i which the physi- 
cian meets. It is found in every ccnuitry. ani..iig all c' sses. aiul more 
frequently in persons of middle age. Those who arc of .,cdentary habit.s. 
who have nn opportunity to take exercise; those addicted to the u.se of 
liquors, tobacco, etc., are more subject to it than others. 

Symptoms— Dyspepsia may be occasional, or habitual. P.y occasional 
is meant a slight attack of indigestion, which arises from overeating, or 
from some indigestible and unwholesome article of food. 15y habitual 
dyspepsia is meant those cases which continue for a great length Of time- 
months or even years. In this disease the stomach loses its digestive 
powers, and the patient is only able to eat by always taking bitters cr 
pills, and drugging himself incessantly. 

Ah occasional attack of indigestion is characterized by a distension 
of the stom-^ch; belching of wind; loss of appetite; loathing of food; 
sometimes by nausea and vomiting. In the habitual or chronic form the 
appetite is changeable, and sometimes entirely lost, or may be voracious. 



4oa 



HOME REMEDIES 



If the patient eats a full, hearty nical, he becomes low spirited, with 
pain or weight in the stomach; there is sometimes a desire to cat. after 
having already eaten, and the first mouthful satisfies; the tongue is pale, 
flabby or slimy, or becomes dry, clammy or thickly coated, especially on , 
rising in the morning; there is a constant uneasy feeling of weight in the 
stomach: there are also eructations of a sour or disagreeable character, 
with acidity of the stomach, and wind; a sensation of sinking or fluttering 
at the pit of the stomach, tenderness on pressure, sometimes nausea and 
vomiting; headache, languor, and great depression of spirits; fear of death, 
and impending evil; palpitation of the heart, or strong beating in the 
region of the stomach; constipation; disagreeable taste in the mouth, 
especially in the morning on first waking; the memory is impaired; the dis- 
position is fickle, and the temper is irritable; there is lowness of spirits; 
confusion of thought, or of ideas; dizziness; weakness of sight, specks 
appear before the eyes; the countenance becomes sallow with an anxious 
appearance, skin dry and wrinkled; nightmare is of common occurrence; 
twitching, or spasmodic action of the muscles; flushes of heat and cold; 
wandering pains in the back and shoulders; frequent sighing; a sense of 
great c^>pression ab(.ut the region of the heart; noise, or singing in the 

ears. 

Causes— One of the most frequent causes of dyspepsia, is hasty and 
imperfect mastication of food; want of exercise; want of a tranquil state 
of the mind; improper food, such as powerful stimulants, alcoholic liquors; 
too frequent use of warm fluids; the use of tobacco; late hours; highly 
seasoned dishes; profuse evacuation; sedentary life; long, intense study; 
indolence; over indulgence in sleep; breathing impure air; venereal 
excesses; persons who eat rapidly, and at the same time drink large quanti- 
ties of water, tea or coffee, are more subject to it; going to meals from 
severe bodily or mental exercise is very injurious; or violent exercise 
after meals; eating late at night or just before retiring, is another fruitful 
cause; anger; jealousy; great joy; night watching, etc.. are exciting causes; 
the abuse of purgative medicines, inducing a torpid state of the bowels, 
is extremely hurtful. 



HOME REMEDIES 



403 



GENERAL TREATMENT OF DVSPErSIA 

Good cooking is a very important part of the treatment of dyspepsia; 
the food should be well cooked, but not overdone; rare meats are the 
test for dyspeptics. Persons subject to dyspepsia should avoid all cured 
meats, such as ham, tongue, smoked or pickled meats, sausages, lIc. also 
raw vegetables, pickles, salads, etc. The food should be masticated slowly 
and well before allowing it to enter the stomach, each moutliful should 
be chewed until it is gone, for food when well chewed will enter the 
stomach of its own accord; different kinds of pastry, hot bread, hot biscuit, 
eggs, soups, highly seasoned dishes, puddings, etc., must be avoided. 

Fish is most digestible when boiled, is less so when broiled, and is 
least so when fried. Most kinds of wild game may be allowed; mutton, 
venison, the white flesh of chickens and turkeys, and raw oysters, roasted, 
baked or boiled ripe fruits, brown or wheat bread, potatoes may be used. 
Tea, coffee and all intoxicating drinks should lie avoided. The best drink 
is water, or milk when it can be taken without unpleasant symptoms. 
Too much liquid should not be taken at a meal, and it is liettcr that the 
patient should not drink until after the meal. At least six hours should 
elapse between one meal and another. In healthy stomachs, however, 
from three to four hours is sufficient. Persons should never travel or 
enter upon an excursion with an empty stomach, or with an overloaded 
one. In drinking it is better that it should be taken by sipping, or (lri:ik- 
ing by mouthfuls than by large draughts. After exercise of any kind, 
such as riding, walking, etc.. the person should rest at least half an hour 
before taking a meal, and after taking a meal; a rest of about the same 
time should follow before any exercise is taken. Walking, running, jump- 
ing, dancing, sawing wood, or rowing a boat, should be practiced rcj^Mi- 
larly every day. The following table is, with slight modification, from 
Dr. Leared: 

Easy of Digestion — Mutton, venison, hare, sweet bread, young pig- 
eons, partridge, pheasants, grouse, beef tea. mutton broth, milk, turbot, 
haddock, flounders, sole, fresh fish generally, roasted oysters, stale bread. 



404 



HOME REMEDIES 



rice, tapioca, sago, arrowroot, asparagus, secale. French lieans, cauliflower, 
baked apples, oranges, grapes, strawberries, peaches, toast water, black 
tea, sherry, claret. 

Moderately Digestible— Beef. lamb, rabbit, turkey, duck, wild water 
fowl, woodcock, snipe, soups, eggs not hard boiled, butter, turtle, cod, 
pike, trout, raw or stewed oysters, potatoes, turnip, cabbage, spinach, arti- 
choke, lettuce, celery, apples, apricots, currants, raspberries, bread, fari- 
naceous puddings, jelly, marmalade, rhubarb plant, cooked fruits, cocoa, 
coffee, malt drinks, pi rt wine. 

Hard to Digest— Pork, veal, goose, liver, heart, brain, salt meat, 
sausage, hashes and stews, mackerel, eels, salmon, herring, halibut, salt 
fish, lobster, crabs, shrimps, mussels, oil. melted butter, hard boiled eggs, 
cheese, fresh bread, nntffins, buttered toast, pastry, custards, nuts, peas, 
plums, cherries, dried fruits, cucumbers, onions, carrots, parsnips, beets, 
beans, mushrooms, pickles, chocolate, champagne, cordials. 

To facilitate the choice of remedies the disease is here classified, with 
the remedies attached to each kind. Before selecting a remedy, consult 
the details below: 

For dyspepsia of adults. Aconite, Antimony, Arnica. Belladonna, Bry- 
onia. Calcarea Carb.. Carbo Veg., Chamomilla. China. Hepar Sulphur, 
Ipecac, Mercurius, Nux Vomica, Pulsatilla, Phosphorus, Sepia, Sulphur, 
Veratrum. 

Of children. Aconite, Bryonia, Calcarea Carb., Chamomilla, Ipecac, 

Pulsatilla. Sulphur. 

When dyspepsia is caused by prolonged watching, Nux V^omica, Ar- 
nica. Pulsatilla. Veratrum, Carbo Veg. 

Bv excessive study, Nux Vomica. Sulphur, Lachesis. Pulsatilla, Cal- 
carea Carb. 

By abuse of ardent spirits, Nux Vomica, Sulphur, Lachesis, Arsenic, 

Carbo Veg. 

By the abuse of coffee. Nux Vomica. Ignatia. 

By the abuse of tobacco, Nux Vomica, Hepar Sulphur, Cocculus, 
Staphysagria. 




-MOTHER. THE DEAREST BEING ON EARTH. 

"She is my friend— I ha\i' but her— no more. 
No other upon earth— and as tor lieaven. 
I am as they that seek a sign. Uj wimni 
No sign is given. .My muiher! Oh. mv mother!" 




HEALTHY STOMACH 




Alcoholic Stomach 





Healthy Heaht 



Alcoholic hcart 



WHAT ALCOHOL DOLS TO THK HUMAN SVSTtM. 



HOME REMEDIES 



407 



If the Dyspepsia is worse after drinking cold water. Arsenic, China, 
Pulsatilla, V'eratrum. 

After drinking beer. Arsenic. Calcarea Carh., Rhus Tox. Sepia. Sul- 
phur. 

After drinking milk, Bryonia, Xux \'omica. Calcarea. Sulphur. 
After using acids. Xux \'omica. Sepia. Sulphur. Arsenic. Lachesis. 
After using bread. Xux Vomica. Sulphur, Pulsatilla. Bryonia. Mer- 
cury. 

After eating fat substances. Pulsatilla. China. Carbo Veg. 

If Dyspepsia is combined with constipation. Xux Vomica. Sulphur, 
Brj'onia. Lachesis. 

If with diarrhoea. Pulsatilla, China. Phosphoric Acid. Carbo Veg., Mer- 
cury, Arsenic, Veratrum. 

If with sour stomach. Pulsatilla, Xux Vomica. Calcarea Carb. 

If with piles, Xux Vomica, Sulphur, Sepia. 

Aconite — When at the commencement of the attack there is consider- 
able fever, with thirst, and nausea; also when there is redness and sore- 
ness of the mouth and throat. 

Arnica — When it is caused by a fall, or a blow upon the stomach, with 
pain, and sensation as if the small of the back was broken; tongue covered 
with a thick, yellowisl coating; nausea, with inclination to vomit: fre- 
quent eructations with a putrid or bitt?r taste; nervous excitement; heavi- 
ness of the limbs. 

Xux Vomica — Suitable in most cases cf -'.yspepsia. at the commence- 
ment; particularly when there is consti-jation and tendency to piles: sour, 
bitter taste in the mouth: when food, particularly bread, tastes sour, bit- 
ter, or insipid; the patient has not much appetite, but a craving for beer, 
wine or spirits; easily satisfied v ith food: after eating he is trouI)le(l with 
nausea; vomiting of food; dizziness; heaviness; drowsiness: fullness and 
distension of the stomach; tender to the touch; head confused; reeling, 
with dullness in the head: headache, increased by mental exertion; ring- 
ing in the e ^ngue coate ■■ bite: metallic, bitter, sour or putrid taste 
in the mout. lie morning, or after eating: heartburn; wi.id colic: feel- 



4o8 



HOME REMEDIES 



ing of tightness of the clothes around the waist; sour stomach; ineflfectual 
urging to stool; hard and difficult stool streaked with blood. Sulphur 
suits well after this. 

Sulphur — Especially good in cases of long standing, or when there is 
no appetite for meat and bread, but with a craving for wines and acids; 
difficulty of breathing; nausea after eating; belching and vomiting of 
food; shivering; acidity and waterbrash; sour stomach; mental depression, 
dissatisfied with everything and everybody. Calcarea Carb. suits well 
after this. 

Pijlsatilla — An important remedy in dyspepsia; particularly for recent 
cases caused by overeating; by the use of pork, mutton, butter, or any 
greasy substance; taste of the food comes up again in the mouth; inclina- 
tion to vomit, especially after eating or drinking; taste flat, or putrid, 
resembling bad meat or tallow; pressure in the pit of the stomach, espe- 
cially after eating; the pp'ient feels chilly, is weak, cross and melancholy. 

Antimonium Crudum — Particularly useful when the disorder is 
caused by an impure atmosphere, and when the following symptoms are 
present : Taste of the food last partaken of conies up in the mouth, 
gulping up of articles of undigested food soon after eating; tongue coated 
with a white or yellowish mucus, stomach feels tender to the touch, and 
distended. 

Belladonna — When there is painful distension of the abdomen, with 
griping, as if the bowels were clutched; hiccough; nausea, or a loathing 
of food; vomiting of water or bile, also when there is dullness of the head, 
or congestion of blood to the head. 

Arsenic — Particularly useful in chronic cases; when the countenance 
is sunken; the extremities cold; dark circles around the eyes: nose pointed; 
tongue white, or brownish; also when there are cramps in the stomach: 
with a sense of coldness ; heat; everything taken into the stomach is 
vomited ; the skin is hot and dry. If Arsenicum does not produce a bene- 
ficial efifect. give Lachesis. 

Bryonia — An important remedy for dyspepsia, especially when it 
occurs in summer; also when it is accompanied with chilliness, headache 



HOME REM HI ^i US 



409 



and pain in the limbs, and small of tlie hack; also with the following symp- 
toms: Tongue covered with yellowish fur. and dry and hot : loss of ai)pe- 
tite; bitter taste: great aversion to food; sometimes has a groat craving 
for food: a craving for acid drinks: sensation of fidlness and burning in 
the stomach after meals; much thirst; gulping up particles of food after 
every meal; waterbrash; constipation of the bowels: nausea in the morn- 
ing; burning in the stomach; temper irritable an<l obstinate. Should 
Bryonia produce little or no improvement, give Rhus. 

China — Dyspepsia from loss of blood or other discharges, when 
caused by an impure atmosphere, and when the following symptoms are 
present: Pressure in the stomach, as if from a load; indifference to food 
and drink; craving for wines or acids; flat or bitter taste in the mouth; 
desire for a variety of dainties without knowing which; morbid craving 
for something strong, sharp or sour; weakness and tired feeling: the 
patient bends and stretches his limbs from a sense of weariness. 

Cepa— No hunger, but considerable thirst; fullness of the head; pain in 
the bowels from wind. 

Carbo Veg — Loss of appetite, bitter taste in the mouth, empty belch- 
ing of air, taste of the food after it has been taken, nausea in the morning, 
waterbrash during the night, wind colic, rumbling in the abdomen. 

Calcarea Carlj — Particularly for children who have a tendency to scrof- 
ula; acidity of the stomach, frequent belching of wind, sensation of fnlhiess 
in the head, with inclination to sick headache: fullness and swelling in the 
region of the stomach, with tenderness to the touch, gnawing or griping^ 
pains. 

Chamomilla — Especially for dyspepsia brought on by a fit of passion, 
or by standing in a draught when perspiring: gulping up of food, nausea, 
vomiting of food and green phlegm or bile: cramps in the stomach, 
headache, fullness, giddiness, sleep disturbed, and tossing about, face red 
and hot. 

Hepar Sulphur — For dyspepsia when caused by taking blue pills, or 
other preparations of mercury, hungering for stimulating things, wines 
or acids, the stomach appears to be very sensitive and easily deranged, 



410 



HOME REMEDIES 



though the patient may be heahhy; nausea in the morning, with vomiting 
of sour, bilious or mucus substances. May be given in alternation with 
Mux Vomica, if there is hard, light colored stools, or with Mercury if there 
is a whitish (iiarrhrea. 

Ipecac— Especially suitable for children when they have vomiting of 
food, drink, or bile, vomiting with coldness of the face and extremities, 
tongue coated with a white yellowish coating, vomiting with diarrhcea, 
aversion to food. i)articularly of fat, rich food, or for dyspepsia caused by 
eating turkey, pastry, etc. 

Mercurius— Belching of acrid, bitter substances, putrid, sweetish, or 
bitter taste in the morning; inclination to diarrhoea, with straining or 
perspiration, weak digestion with constant hunger, pressure at the pit 
of the stomach after eating. Suits well before or after Lachesis. 

Phosphorus— Empty belching, especially after eating, vomiting after 
eating, burning in the stomach. 

Sepia— For chronic dyspepsia with or without sick headache, eructa- 
tions sour or putrid, or tasting of food; swelling of the abdomen, with 
pressure as from a stone; nausea before breakfast, also after eating; nausea 
of pregnant women. 

Lachesis— Irregular appetite, an aversion to bread, with a crav-ng for 
wine and milk; frequent nausea, and vomiting of food; constipation, uneas- 
iness, indolence, heaviness. Suits well before or after Mercury. 

Veratrum— When Ipecac has proved insufficient, or where, after the 
use of Ipecac, there is still diarrhoea with griping pains in the bowels, and 
great thirst, coldness of the hands, and shuddering all over. 

Other remedies, as Rhus. Phosphoric Acid. Cocculus. Ignatia. Staphy- 
sagria. are sometimes but not often called for. 

• Vdministration of Remedies— In recent cases, and if there be much 
pain and sickness at the stomach, take of the selected remedv a dose 
every half hour. hour, two or three hours. As soon as the severity of 
the symptoms begin to abate, the intervals should be lengthen In 

chronic cases the remedy should be repeated three times a day. >.hen 
the globules are used, use ten for an adult. 



HOME REMEDIES 



41' 



IRRITATION OF THE SKIN 

This is an eruption of a fine rash under the skin, and colorless. It 
produces a very disaj,'recal)le and distrossinj,' itchin<,^ which is sometimes 
almost unhcarahle. The severer form is accomprmied hy a sensation of 
ereepinj; ants, or the stinj,Mn.tj of insects. It lasts s<)nietinK'> for months 
and years, and is generally caused hy exi)osurc to e.xtrcmes of heat and 
cold, some i)articular kinds of food. etc. 

General Treatment— Wash well every evening before going to hed, 
with water and Castile soap, and allow it to dry in. I'.randy or alcohol 
may he used in the same manner. An ounce of lemon juice in a i)int of 
water or vinegar, used in the same proportion, will he found useful: also 
water and spirits of camphor. The diet should he carefully regulated, and 
all stimulants avoided 

Pulsatilla— If the itching is worse in hed. or wiien near a fire, particu- 
larly after scratching. A dose (six glohules) every night an.l morning. 

Ledum Palustre— If the itching commences after going to hed. and 
.shifts from one part to another, and the eruption resemliles Ilea bites. 
Give in the same manner as Pulsatilla. 

Mercurius— When the itching continues during the whole night, and 
bleeds easily after scratching. It is well to give this remedy ancrCausti-- 
cum on alternate evenings. 

W'hen it occurs in old 'people, give Opium and Sccale. a dose (six 
globules) on alternate evenings. 

When it is caused by the heat of summer, give Lachesis and Lyco- 
podium on alternate evenings. 

Silicea and Sulphur are good for obstinate cases. 

HYSTERIA 
(Sec page 320.) 

This is an affection peculiar to women of a nervous or ncrvnus-san- 
guine temperament, with cheerful, lively and ardent dispositions and vivid 
imaginations. It takes its name from the Greek word meanint^ the " or.iU 



4ia 



HOME REMEDIES 



and was supposed to be causc-d by some irritation arising from diseases of 
the j^'cnerative system. 

Causes— Delicate, nervous temperament, coiifmemcnt in close and 
over-heated apartments, the roadinj; of exciting works of fiction, and 
attending theatrical exhibitions, tight lacing, want of e :ercise, want of 
sleep, excessive fatigue, luxurious living. The exciting causes may be vio- 
lent mental emotion, such as anger, rage, grief, fright, disappointed love, 
the sight of disagreeable objects, or the smell of dis.igreeable odors, indi- 
gest;^n. 

Symptoms— An attack of hysterics is generally preceded by low spirits, 
and it occurs in paro.xysms of greater or less (iurafon. It is' found more 
commonly among v ' 'nvs and the unmarried than the married, and the 
paroxy.,ms are more 1 .ady to occur about the period of menstruation than 
at any other time. Generally, preceding or during the attack, there is a 
se: ;■ -" as of a ball ascending from the left side of the abdomen to the 
throat, V. sing a sensation of strangulation. The patient cries and laughs 
alternately, or gives vent to sobs and doo.ls of tears, wringing the hands 
and tearing the hair. Sometimes the body and limbs are violently con- 
vulsed, and the patient may struggle, so as to require the strength of 
several persons to hold her. The head is thrown back, and there is delir- 
ium and loss of consciousness. These are a few of the symptoms which 
occur in this disease. 

General Treatment— The patient should be placed in a draught of fresh 
air. and the dress loosened, so as to allow free circulation and breathing. 
The head and face should be washed freely with cold water, and sometimes 
a bucket of cold water thrown over the patient will bring the spasm to 
an end. 

When the attack arises from costiveness. and is attended with bitter 
or sour taste in the mouth, fullness and pain in the stomach, nausea, weak- 
ness, headache, dizziness. Nux Vomica and Sulphur should be given— 
Nux Vomica at night, and Sulphur in the morning. 

Pulsatilla. Sabina. Silicea— If the attack is caused by the derange- 
ment of the generative organs. 



HOME HflMUDlES 



413 



Ignatia, IIyoscyanv.;s. T'.clladonna. CotTea— If the attack lia> l)ccii 
caused by any violent mental excitement, as anKer or fri>,'Iit. 

Administration of Remedies— During the {)anixysni>. .)f tiie selected 
remedy, give a soluticjn <jf twelve globules in twelve teaspuonfuls of water. 

Dose, a teaspoonful every ten or fifteen minutes. 

In the intervals of the paroxysms, six globules every twelve hours 
will be sufficient. 

HEAD.\CIIE FROM CONGESTION OF BLOOD TO THi: HE.\D 

Symptoms — Throbbing in the head and beating of the arteries of the 
neck, vomiting as the pain increases, pain also in .shaking or moving the 
head, lying down or stooping. 

General Treatment — Bathe the head with warm water and vinegar 
and bathe the feet also with warm water, rubbing thcni hard afterward. 
Bathe the temples and forehead with warm or cold water as the patient 
may desire. 

Aconite — Violent throbbing, humn.ing sensation over the whole brain, 
forehead and face red and bloated, eyes red and sensitive to the light, pain 
worse in morning, on drinking, talking, or rising up. pulse full and (|uick. 

Belladonna — \'iolent aching pains as if the head would split or the 
brain protrude from the forehead, head hot. feet cold, a feeling as of water 
in the forehead; violent beating of the arteries of the neck and temples, 
delirium, with a red, bloated face, eyes bloodshot, with great sensitiveness 
to light, noise and touch, and afterward deeply seated pressing pains, 
with a pale face and drowsiness, feeling worse on moving the eyes or rais- 
ing or moving the head. This may be given in alternation ( turn about) 
with Aconite, if Aconite does not relieve. 

Pulsatilla — Pain dull and oppressive on one side only, commencing at 
the back of the head or root of the nose, relieved by compression or 
lying down, and worse while setting or walking: face pale, mind agitated, 
inclination to weep, dizziness. This is more suitable for females and per- 
sons of mild tf- perament. 

Bryonia — Distending pressure from within, particularly through tlie 



414 



HOME KEMI-Dirs 



forehead in stoopinjj or moving, with violent bcatiny .)r stitches in the 
head; constipation of the bowels, and bleeding at the nose. 

Uhus Tox— Fullness in the head with bnrniiiK' and throbI)inK pain. 
\veij,dit in tlie back part of the head, with a sensation as .if a thnd roIUng 
inside; niav be >,'i'en in alternation with Ikdhndonna or Mryonia. 

Nux \ omica— Pains worse in the mornin.y: and in tlic open air. heavi- 
ness of the head. esi)ecially on moving' the eyes an.) thinking, sensation 
as if t!ie skull would s|)Iit. bruised pain in the brain, worse on stooping or 
motion; rush of blood to the head. 

Opium— Cf)nstipation. with rush of blood to the head, violent tearing 
and pressing pains through the whole 1)rain. and heaviness, with beating in 
the head. 

Administration of Remedies— Dissolve six globules in three table- 
spoonfuls of water, and take a teaspoonful every half hour, hour. two. 
three, or four hours, during the attack, according to the severity of the 
symptoms. If not relieved within a few hours, select a new remedy. 

SICK HF.AIMCHE 

This form of headache is generally of a chronic nature, and depends 
tipon some derangement of the stomach or bowels. It receives its name 
from the constant nausea and vomiting which usually attcn<l it. It usually 
begins in the morning, or on waking from a deep sleep, or after sleeping 
in a close room, or when some irregularity in the diet has been committed. 
At the first there is an oppressive feeling in the head, which gradually 
becomes dull and aching, moving from one point to another. There is 
a sensation of fullness and tenderness in one eye. extending across the 
forehead, the tongue is coated with a yellowish white fur. and there is an 
unpleasant clammy taste in the mouth. The hands and feet are cold 
and moist, and the pulse feeble. Accompanying these symptoms, there 
is a depressing sickness at the stomach, which is increased by sitting up 
and moving about, the pain being generally relieved by vomiting. 

Belladonna— Headache coming on at certain times, pains return in the 
afternoon and continue until after midnight, being aggravated by the 



HOMi KHMLDIliS 



415 



warmth of the hcil. or lyiiiK ilowu. the hi-.-nlacIu' >tiii)cf>iii)', nin^ity 111 ilic 
forehead, aixt accompanied .soinetiino witli Io-n of iiiii-.rioiisiie». I lure 
is a sciisati«)n a« if the head would ?«|»ht. the pains heiiiy .if a vi<i!eiu hinii- 
ing, rcndinjj or shooting character, comniencinjj sometime^ K''"'>. hut 
afterward iiicreasiuK to a fearftil intensity. This retne<ly may ;i!-o I.e used 
for headache after taking cold, when there is a johinvr sensation in 
the head and foreliea<l. on stoopin^j or K"'"K >'P stairs, Im/xintj in tlic 
cars, thmness of sight, pains extend to the eyes an<l nose. l)ut UDstly con- 
fined to one side, usually the right, and are aggravated l)y every motion, 
by turning the eyes, hy l)right liglit. by the slightest iioi>e. hy stooping 
forward, or leaning the licad hackwanl. scalp very sore: there is alleriiate 
chilliness and heat, tongue being coated, accompanied with nausea, and 
loathing of food. 

Ipecac — Stitch-like pains and great heaviness, giddiness when walk- 
ing, pressure in the head, especially in the forehead, the pains affecting 
the bones of the skull, with coldness of the han<ls .iiid feet, the tongue 
coated white or yellow, nausea an. I vomiting. This is ti> be given in cases 
of headache winch commence with nause.i and vomiting, accompanie*! 
with a bruised sensation about the head. This may be given in alteni.ition 
with Xux \'oniica. when there arc shooting pains in the side of the head, 
worse in the open air. and vomiting. 

Hyoscyamus — If with the headache there is great sensitiveness to 
light, and where the pain is worse in the warmth of the bed on lying down, 
or in a draught of air. 

Spigelia — Pains worse on the left side, great sensitiveness to noise. 
beating in the temples, which is aggravated by the least motion, even by 
opening the mouth; the headache appearing at regular times each morn- 
ing and increasing in severity as the day wears on. This remedy may 
be given in alternation with Belladonna. 

Aconite — Cramp-like pains through the forehead or above the r!..)i of 
tlie nose, headache as though the brain were raised or moved about, 
especially upon motion; the least noise or motion is intolerable, the pain 
being aggravated bv reading or speaking. With this sensation tlicro is 



r.\l 






416 



HOME REMEDIES 



buzzing in the ears, and a feeling on the top of the head as though the 
hair was being pulled. 

Sanguinaria — Chilliness and nausea, great sensitiveness to the talking 
of others in the same room, accompanied with a fullness of the head as if it 
would burst, the sensation being worse on the right side, with a feeUng 
as if the eyes were pressed outward. 

Antimonium — Dull, boring pains, especially in the bones of the head, 
boring in the temples and forehead, from within, outward; pains worse in 
the open air, accompanied with rush of blood to the head, nausea and 
vomiting of bile and mucus. Pulsatilla may be given where Antimonium 
does not relieve. 

Aloes — If the patient complains of stitches in the left temple, the head- 
ache appearing periodically. 

To eradicate the disposition to sick headache, Pulte recommends that 
Sepia, Silicea and Sulphur should be taken, each remedy for si.x weeks, 
commencing with Sepia; for the first three weeks, take each week two 
doses in the evening on going to bed; for the last three weeks, one dose 
every week. 

Administration of Remedies — Three or four globules may be given at a 
dose, or if dissolved, put twelve globules in as many teaspoonfuls of water, 
and take one teaspoonful at a dose. This may be repeated every fifteen 
minutes, half hour, hour, or two or three hours, according to the severity 
of the symptoms. 

NERVOUS HEADACHE 

This headache occurs more frequently among women. 

Symptoms — Acute, lancinating, excruciating or darting pains, worse 
in the light, a feeling as if the temples were being pressed together, 
dizziness, with a feeling of sinking down, great despondency and restless- 
ness, exertion, either physical or mental, impossible; dark spots floating 
before the eyes, head generally cool, and face pale. The pain is frequently 
confined to small spots, and is generally worse in the morning. 

Treatment — CofTea — Pain as if a nail was being driven into the head, 
or as if the brain were bored and bruised, seeming to be intolerable, and 



HOME REMEDIES 



4t7 



driving the patient aln-. : •li'^tractcd; tlie patient very restless, screams, 
weeps, has an aversit i to the ojn.;- ;.ir: i)ain excited or a.ijgravated l)y the 
slightest noise, even i.i' tc hcirg ufficient to prodnce this effect. This 
may he followed by \'.-v\- Si-N^h-.r. Xux \omica or Ciiina. 

Aconite— For symptoms calhng for the administration of this remedy, 
see Sick Headache. 

Belladonna— Especially when the pains come on in the afternoon, and 
last until the next morning, and also when the pain commences gently 
and increases to a fearful intensity. 

Ignatia — Aching pains above the nose, relieved by l)ending the head 
forward, pressing of the head, from within outward, sensation as if a nail 
had been driven into the head, with nausea, dimness of sight, pale face, 
pain momentarily relieved by change of position: the patient is full of fear, 
inclined to start, impatient, and wants to be let a'mc. 

Pulsatilla — Tearing pains, worse toward night, accompanied by dizzi- 
ness and sickness at the stomach, dimness of sight, ringing in the ears, 
countenance pale, yellowish, or haggard, no thirst, chilliness, palpitation 
of the heart, a feeling as if the brain would be torn, or as if the head were 
in a vise, or as if the skull would fly to pieces, especially when moving the 
eyes; headache after lying down in the evening, or early in the morning in 
bed, increased by quiet, or sitting still, and relieved in the open air. or by 
the pressure of a tight bandage. 

Bryonia — Fullness or heaviness of the hearl. with pressing or burning 
pains in the forehead, sensation as if everything would fall from the fore- 
head when stooping; tearing pains which extend to the face and temples, 
heat in the head and face, with red cheeks, and thirst, nausea and vomiting, 
everything having a bitter taste, headache worse when moving about, 
or on moving the eyes. 

Platina — Headache generally increases and decreases, roaring in the 
head as of water, with coldness in the ears. eyes, and oi> one side of the 
face; twitching of the eyelids, buzzing in the ears, objects appearing 
smaller than they really are, stupefying pressure on the cheek bones. Is 
useful after Belladonna. 



418 



HOME REMEDIES . 



Mercurius — Headache as if the head would tly to pieces, with fullness 
of the hraiii, tearing sensation, especially in the left side, a pain shooting 
down from the teeth, stitching; pain in the ears, the pain heing relieved 
by pressing the head with the hands. This may follow Relladonna, and 
where both these remedies fail to give relief, give Hepar Sulphur, espe- 
cially when there is a boring pain at the root of the nose, or a sensation 
as if a nail were driven into the head. 

Colocynth — Violent, tearing, excruciating pain on one side of the 
head, pressing in the forehead, worse on stooping, or lying on the back, 
headache coming on every afternoon, or toward evening, and is attended 
with a copious flow of urine, very offensive, together with profuse perspira- 
tion smelling like urine. 

Arsenicum— Beating pain in the forehead, inclination to vomit, buzz- 
ing in the ears, weeping and moaning, tenderness of the scalp. Cold 
applications relieve this pain for awhile. It is worse when within doors, 
and relieved on going out into the open .-, r. This remedy may follow 
Pulsatilla. 

Veratrum — Oppressive headache on top or on one side of the head, 
accompanied by pains in the stomach, and diarrhtca, nausea and vomiting, 
painful sensitiveness of the hair. The pain is sometimes so severe as to 
deprive the patient of reason, is worse when lying in bed, accompanied 
with cold perspiration and chills. This remedy suits well after Arsen- 
icum. 

Silicea— Pain ascends from the back of the neck to the top of the head, 
often caused by getting heated. Tearing pain comes on in the forenoon, 
stitches in the head, especially in the temples, scalp painful to contact, and 
the hair falling out. 

Sulphur— Headache with nausea, feeling of fullness or weight in the 
head, especially at the top, pain as of a hoop around the head, and throb- 
bing, tearing pains, with heat, after arising in the morning, headache 
every day as if the head would split to pieces, humming in the head, hair 
painful to touch, or falling out. 

China -Suitable for a person sensitive to pain, of a feverish, dissatisfied 



HOME REMEDIES 

419 

jJir-osition. Tins remedy will be found advantageons where there is 
heav„,ess ni the head, pressing from within tl,e I,ead outward, teann. 
pam ni the temples as though the head wouM burst, sensation a> thou-h 
the bran, jolted about, and hit against the skull, the scalp tender to toud, 
pam aggravated by contact, motion, stooping, conversation, or by -a 
draught of a,r XVater. either hot or cold, as is nu,st agreeable. nuM.e 
applied to the h-ad. 

Adniimstration of Remedies-Give four or six globules at a dose, or 
dissolve tvvelve globules in as many teaspoonfuls of water, and give a 
teaspoonful every half hour. hour, or two hours, according to necessity. 

EARACHE 
(See page 322.) 

This complaint should not be confounded with inflammation of the 
ear. as ,t .s quite a different thing, there being no fever present, an.l the 
pa.n IS rather of a neuralgic or rheumatic nature. The attacks come on 
suddenly, and are - My of short duration; the pain shoots <,ver the 
head. The cause is , ..ally, taking cold. 

Pulsatilla-Is the principal remedy in this complaint; particular! v if the 
pams are darting and tearing, as if something would press out ih'c ear. 
The ear ,s red and hot. swollen: where there are itching and tearing pains 
through the whole side of the face; particularly applicable to females and 
persons who are inclined to be chilly. 

Chamomilla-Particularly where "the pains are acute, and short as if 
from a knife wound, especially after taking cold or after perspiration has 
been suddenly checked; tearing, lancinating pains, which e.xtend to the 
lobes of the ear, the patient very cross and irritable. 

Belladonna— When there is congestion of blood to the head with 
stitches in and behind the ear. tearing, boring or sporting pains extend- 
ing to the throat. 

Hepar Suli)lnir— May be given for the same symptoms as Bella.lonna. 
especially when the latter does not relieve; also when the pain is beating, 
throbbing and ro.^rtng. 



420 



HOME REMEDIES 




Mercurius — If Pulsatilla or Chaniomilla do not relieve; also where the 
pain is tearing, extending to the cheeks, pains are worse in a warm room. 
and there is a sensation in the ear. The patient perspires a great deal 
without relief. 

Nux Vomica — When the pains are violent, of a tearing, stinging nature 
and extending to the forehead and temples, and down to the bones of the 
face. 

Spigelia — When there is a painful aching as if a nail was sticking in the 
ear, aching and tearing in the cheek bones. 

Rhus — Suitable when the earache is caused by taking cold. 

Arnica — When the pain returns on the slightest occasion with great 
sensitiveness, and noise, and pressing, and singing in, and behind the ea'-s; 
more suitable for sensitive, nervous persons. 

China — Suits frequently after Arnica or Pulsatilla, especially if the 
pains are tearing and are felt more outside the ear, are made worse by 
touching the ear, singing and ringing noises in the ear. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy selected, dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every 
fifteen minutes, half hour, or two hours, according to the urgency of the 
.symptoms. It sometimes happens after the severe pain has been relieved 
by these remedies, that soreness and grumbling pains remain in the ear; 
for this, Sulphur or Calcarea Carbonica may be given, one dose night and 
morning. 

COLD IN THE HEAD— CATARRH 
• (See page 312.) 



This is an affection of the mucous membrane of the nose and throat, 
sometimes extending into the windpipe and lungs. 

Symptoms — The catarrh usually commences with dull pain and seiise 
of weight in the forehead, oppression at the chest, and difificulty in breath- 
ing, frequent sneezing, heaviness of the head, and dr ness and fullness 
with stuflRng in the nose, soreness of the throat, hoarseness, eyes more or 
less red and watery; in a short time a thin fluid is discharged from the 



nOMli REMEDIES 



421 



nose, tlie cough becomes more moist, and tlic oxi.cctiMaiion Ijccuuks 
yellow and thick, the patient complains of a ruu,i;lnK>-, ui- .^.a-nos ..t ilic 
throat, loss of sense of smell, dullness of licariu:,. liuarscnos, tickling 
cough; the person affected is generally worse at night, with some fever 
and severe pains in various parts of the body, thirst, and dashes ..f heat 
alternating with chilliness. When the inflammation is conlined t.. the 
mucous membrane of the nostrils, there is sneezing, a sense of fullness 
and heat of the parts, witli a thin, watery discharge. 

Treatment— Aconite— Is always proper in the beginmng of a cold, 
even if there is but slight fever, also when the discharge from the nn>c is 
suppressed and is followed by a headache. Camphor is also good f„r the 
same symptoms; if there is nothing but the ordinary Spirits of Camiihor 
convenient, one or two drops should be put on a lump of >ugar. :ind the 
sugar dissolved in a tumbler half full of water, and give according to the 
directions. 

Arsenicum— Not much fc.er, heat or thirst, pat-ent restless, partic- 
ularly at night, drinks often and but little at a tiiue. discharge acrid and 
corrosive, burning heat of the nose, the discharge produces a swelling of 
the adjacent parts, redness and watering of the eyes. 1 i)ccac may be given 
if Arsenic does not relieve. 

Nux Vomica— Should be given when there is obstruction, with little 
if any rutming from the nose, but if there is running, it is in the morning. 
with dryness at night, mouth dry and parched without much thirst, con- 
stipation, fever and chills alternate in the evening. 

Chamomilla — When the difiticulty is caused by checked perspiration. 
shivering, with heat and thirst, heaviness of the head, swelling of the face, 
and redness of the cheek, redness and inflammation of the eyes. 

Mercury— Constant sneezing, soreness of the nose, with constant 
watery discharge, which produces soreness of the part with which it conies 
in contact, swelling and redness of the nose, tearing headache, pains in the 
hones of the nose. Catarrh worse in the morning, offensive smell. 

Belladonna— Swelling, redness and burning of the nose, pain in the 



422 



HOME REMEDIliS 



nose, aggravated by touching throbbing pain in the head, aggravated l)y 
motion. 

llcpar Sulpluir — Particularly when but one nostril is affected, burn- 
ing headache, especially about the root of the nose, which is made worse 
by the slightest movement. Catarrh renewed by every breath of wind. 
Hepar should be given, especially when Mercury affords but little relief. 

Pulsatilla — Thick, green or yellowish discharge through the nose, 
which is very offensive, heaviness and confusion in the head; frecpiently 
toward night and in the warmth of the room, the obstruction of the nose 
increases, pain in half of the head, frequent sneezing, painful pressure at 
the root of the nose, flying pains from place to place, roaring in the ears. 

Euphrasia — Especially when the eyes are irritated and watery. 

Lycopodium — Obstruction of the nose, especially at night, sense of 
smell very acute, tearing pains in the forehead, dryness of the mouth, with- 
out thirst. 

Silicea — Chronic Catarrh, with severe pains in the bones of the nose. 
Tartar Emetic may be given in some cases, when there is sneezing, chill- 
iness, loss of taste and smell; sometimes when the secretion becomes sup- 
pressed, or before it has commenced, and the nose is hot and dry, a little 
almond oil, or cold cream may be applied to the inside of the nose with a 
feather, or a camel's hair pencil, or a vapor of hot water may be allowed 
to pass up the nostril, which will be found to afford some relief. 

Administration of Remedies — Where the directions are not given with 
the remedy, dissolve twelve globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and 
give a teaspoonful every hour or two or three hours, according to the 
urgency of the symptoms. The application of water is very beneficial in 
this disease and may be used at the same time that the remedies are being 
given: the patient should be confined to a room which is not too warm, 
and a wet bandage should be applied around the breast and abdomen, and 
the patient should remain in bed, well covered, and be allowed to drink 
plenty of cold water to induce perspiration. After having perspired some 
time, take a milk-warm bath. 




MOTHERHOOD A DIVINF. ATTRIBUTE 

As tlie Ininiaii niotlicr nestks her child to her hrca.-t. so docs the hen (rather her 
brcdd undtT \ut winjrs. 




READY FOR A TURKISH BATH. 



HOME REMEDIES 



4-'5 



NEURALGIA 

Neuralgia is one of the most painful atYcctions to wliicli the Imniaii 
family is subject. In t>lain lauLjua^a.. it means jiain in tlu- nerve. a> the 
pain generally follow:: along the course of a nerve, though at other tinie^, 
the pain is confined to a ])articular six.t, and may arise from a distant 
source of irritation, as the brain, stomach or Ik vvels. In most cases, the 
pain is the only symptom, there being no swelling or otlier sign of inllani- 
mation. Neuralgia may affect different parts of the Ixxiy. but i> more 
generally confined to the head. 

Neuralgia of the face is mostly conlined to the fifth pair of nerves 
which branch out over the face. The branch over the eyebrows is most 
frequently affected, but sometimes all the I)ranches are affected, the i)ain 
being very severe. The attack generally comes on suddenly, with a sensa- 
tion as of a shock of electricity, subject, however, to imermissions and 
remissions; the pain is very sharp, darting and lancinating, shooting alom^^ 
the nerves, the sensation being frequently as if red hot wires were thrust 
into the part. 

After the pain has passed away, it is generally succeeded for a consider- 
able time by numbnt ^. Sometimes, however, the attack comes on 
gradually, becoming constantly more severe. During the paroxvsm. the 
features are apt to be distorted, by the sjjasmodic action of the muscles 
of the face. 

Causes — A current of air. sudden jar or shock, exposure to damp air. 
debility, derangement of the digestive organs, etc. 

Treatment — Aconite — Throbbing, burning, shooting i)ains. appearing 
in paroxysms, and preceded by slight aching or crawling i)ains, worse at 
night, swelling of the cheek or jaws, thirst, agitation and tossing about. 
pain confined to one side of the face, violent beating of the arteries of the 
neck and head, eyes sparkling, buzzing ])ain through the cars, temples 
and sides of the neck, fever. 

Belladonna — Paroxysms commencing £jradnallv. with a creeping; or 
Itching in the affected part, cheeks red and swollen, darting shooting. 



426 



HOME REMEDIES 



(Irawinfj pains in the dieck htines. nose and jaw. twitcliinij of the eyelids 
and muscles of the face, tlirohhing p.iins iti the forehead, roariiijf in the 
cars, heat and redness of the face, j^reat sensibility to cold an<l liv;ht. pain 
violent, especially on one side, generally the ri},dit. pains ajjj^^T.ivated by 
the slifj;litest noise or movement, and also by the warmth of the bed. 
Where I'.elladonna (hies not relievo, but seems indicated, j^'ive Atropine. 

Bryonia — Especially for persons who are subject to rheumatism; face 
red. burning,' and hot. swellinj^j on (»ne side, under the eyes and at ihe 
root of the nose, pressing. dra\vinj;. bumitif^ pains, worse upon pressure, 
pains ii. ...o limbs, chilliness, followed by fever. 

Chamoniilla — r.si)ecially for female* who are extremely sensitive; pain 
tearinjj; and beatintj. with a sensation of mmdjiiess in the affected part. 
face pufTed and swollen, one cheek red and the other pale, shivering, with 
internal heat. 

Colocynth — X'ioleiu rendmg. dartmg pains, extending to the ears, 
nose, temples, teeth and all parts of the head, principally upon the left 
.side, pain aggravated by the slightest touch. 

Arsenicum — Pains return at certain periods, .^nd arc of a burning 
character, worse at night, relieved by the application of heat, great 
anguish. i)rofuse perspiration, severe pain in and around the eyes and 
temples. 

China — Especially when the attack appears periodically, great pain, 
sensibility of the skin, aggravated by the slightest touch, severe pain 
through the check bones. 

Nux Vomica — Tearing, drawing pains, swollen cheeks, pain coming 
on in the morning after rising, increasing until noon, and then gradually 
diminishing until night, nausea, vomiting, constipation, pain aggravated 
by cold air and drinks, and relieved by rest and warmth. 

Platinum — Stupefying pressure upon the cheek bones, with a feeling 
of coldness, pain worse at night, great nervousness and melancholy. 

Spigelia — Jerking, tearing, burning and pressure in the cheek bones, 
worse on touch or motion, pains coming on at certain time in the day. 
worse on stooping. 



iiOMi- RnMiuvr.s 



•M7 



Coffca — Great irritability <»{ the mind and IxHly, ^'reat bciiMhilily, 
excessive jjainfnlness in tlic affected part. 

Puisatilla — I-'ur females, especially when connected with ntiriiie 
derangements, painful sensitiveness of one side tif the face, with shncnni;. 

Mercurius — Teariu)^ and siiootin^' pains on one side from the tcnii)le 
to the teeth, worse at niijht. and in the warmth of the hed. Mij;liil> per- 
spiration, too much saliva in the month, sleeplessness. 

rhosphorus — Tearinjj pains in the left side. \\or>e on movin-,' the 
muscles of the face in eatinj;. 

As an external application either cold or warm water, as hest suits 
the patient, will he found beneficial. (Ireat relief may sometimes be 
obtained by bathinj; the affected i)art with a mixture of six drops of the 
Tincture of Aconite, to six tablespoonfnis t)f water. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy chosen, dissolve twelve 
RJobules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water. Of this sohuion };ivc a tea- 
spoonful every fifteen minutes, half hour, or two hours, accordint; to the 
urgency of the case. As the patient grows better, lengthen the inter-. 
to four, six, eight, or ten hours. 

H'et — Coffee and green tea should be avoided by persdus Mibjcct to 
Neuralgia, and care should be taken not to eat food which is known to 
disagree, or is proved to be indigestible. 

OFFENSIVE BRE.ATH 

Offensive breath is induced by a variety of causes, among which are 
defective teeth, perverted secretions of the glands of the mouth, neglect- 
ing to clean the teeth, by tartar, or bits of food allowed to remain in the 
mouth. The mo.st obstinate cases result from imperfect digestion. cause<l 
by derangement of the liver, or other organs. 

Mercury — If caused by inflammation of the gumc and gJands of the 
neck. 

Arnica, Nux Vomica. Belladonna, Silicca or Sulphur, if there is no 
particular cause for it, or if it appears only in the morning. 

Chamomilla, Nux Vomica or Sulphur, if it is noticed after meals. 



4ae 



HOMF. REMUniES 



m 



Pulsatilla or Sulphur, if in the cvcninp. or at nijjht. 

Adniiuistration of Rcmetlics — tiive a dose of six f^lobulcs every evcn- 
injf for one or two weeks, before elian^'inj; to anotlier remedy. If tlie 
odor is occasioned by the eatiii); of onions or jjarlie. it may lie tlestri>yeil 
1»y taking a little wine, eatinp a pear, or boiled beets. 

Bad Taste in the Month — This may be caused by many diseases, but 
is f*)und most frecpiently in fevers and di.sordered stomadi. Sometimes, 
however, it appears as a solitary symj)tom. 

Treatment — Cuprum. Kluis and Cocculns — If the taste is coppery. 

Lachesis. Mercury and N'ux Vomica — If the taste is metallic. 

Arnica. Hryonia. Sulphur. Rhus. Mercury :.nd Pulsatilla — If the taste 
is putrid. 

China. Pulsatilla or Mercury — If the taste is earthy. 

Bryonia, Pulsatilla. Arnica and Chamomilla — It the taste is bitter. 

Mercury. Pulsatilla and Sulphur — If the taste is sweetish. 

Mercury. Xux Vomica, Arsenic. Tartar Emetic antl Carbo X'cgetabilis 
— If the taste is salti.sh. 

Administration of Remedies — Take one dose (four globules) of the 
remedy selected, twice a day. 



SORE THROAT— QUINSY 



This disease consists in an inflammation and swelling of the back part 
of the throat, palate and tonsils, which interferes with the breathing to 
more or less extent, and occasions high fever. It may ajipear as a slight 
irritation of the throat, or form abscesses in the tonsils or sides of the 
throat, and become very painful. 

Symptoms — Quin.sy generally begins with restlessness, high fever, 
slight cough: more or less soreness of the throat, especially when swallow- 
ing, smooth and shining redness of the tonsils and throat, face flushed 
with co'nsi^lerable fever, breath quickened, voice thick, speaking some- 
times difificult'or painful, glands of the neck sometimes enlarged and pain- 
ful, cheeks swollen, inflammation extensive, ending in the formation of 



iiL>Mi: Kr.Mi.niiis 



4a9 



abscesses in the tonsils an«l ailj.Kcnt parts. toiisiU Mtinetimcs so nnich 
enlarged as to interfere very much with tlie hrcathinii;. tmally KuUicrin^ 
and hreakinjj. T„ examine the threat uril. the hea.l should l.t- thrown 
hack, the mouth widely opened, and the root of the tonijue depn-sed hy 
the handle of a .spoon. By this means tiie whole iiUerior ol the tin. .at is 
brouj^ht into view. 

Sometimes repeated attacks of Oninsy will leave the ton.ils perma- 
nently enlarged, in which case, if remedies do not relieve, they must l,e cut 
out hy a surj^eon. 

•Aconite and nelladonna— These arc generally the most ap;.ropri.ite 
remedies with which to commence treatment, j.articulariy if tlie followinj; 
symptoms are present : Violent fever, pulse full aii.i l.oniidin;:. -reat heat, 
thirst, restlessness, constant desire to suallou. tlu- suallowint,' j.roducinfr 
spasms in the throat, which forces Ii(|ui.ls out thmuiih tlu' ii(.>e— l.nniinj? 
or prickinjj sensation and dryiirss of the throat, pains >Ii(jotin<,' iiuo the 
tonsils and ears, swellinj- on the outside of the throat, profuse saUvation, 
face red and swollen, skin hot and dry. thirsi, putrid and bitter taste in 
the mouth. 

Mercurius— Putrid and ofTensive odor from the mouth; mouth dry 
and filled with \ou^\\ saliva, palate eloiifrated and red, tonsils red. dark, 
inflamed and enlarged, violent throhhini,' of the throat and cars, extend- 
ing to the neck, especially during; the swallowini,', profuse cli:,char};c of 
saliva, chills in the evening: and heat followed by perspiratioti. jjlan.ls of 
the neck painful on motion of the jaws or on sv.ailowinf,'. loss of appetite 
and disgust at food, putrid and coppery taste in the mouth. 

Bryonia — Shooting sensations, with dryness of the throat and diftlculty 
of speech, hoarseness, oppressive breathing. breakiuL^ and painful sensa- 
tion of the throat, swallowing painful, sonic fever either with or without 
thirst, chilliness, pains in the limbs, and back of the head. This may be 
given in alternation with Rhus. 

Chamomilla — Especially when the disease is caused by taking cold or 
exposure to a draught of air while perspiring, swelling of the tonsils, hack- 
ing cough, flushed cheeks, or one cheek flush.ed and the oth'-r i.tiIc, fever 



430 



HOME REMEDIES 



in the evening, with flashes of heat, the glands of the neck under the 
chill, and tonsils being much swollen. 

I.achesis — This has been proved a very useful remedy when Mercury 
and Belladonna have been used without effect, and especially when the 
following symptoms are present : Swelling and redness with a feeling of 
rawness of the tonsils and palate, dryness of the throat, constant disposi- 
tion to swallow, sensation as of a tumor or lump in the throat, worse in 
the afternoon and morning, after sleeping, or on very slight pressure 
on the neck, small ulcers on the throat, and on the left tonsil. 

Hepar Sulphur — In cases where the abscesses in the tonsils threaten 
to break, this remedy will hasten the process; may be given in the begin- 
ning of the disease when there are lancinating pains in the throat, in 
alternation with Mercurius. 

Nux Vomica — It may be given when Chamomilla does not relieve, 
and also when there is soreness, with a feeling of rawness, as if the throat 
had been scraped. 

Pulsatilla — Suits frequently in the case of females or persons of mild 
character, when the throat feels swollen inside, with tonsils and palate of 
a dark red appearance, shooting pains in the throat toward the ear when 
swallowing, patient feels chilly toward evening, the chill being followed 
by heat. 

Nitric Acid — Suitable after Mercury has been given or in alternation 
with it, when the throat is filled with small ulcerations, with a whitish 
appearance, and of a fetid smell. 

Capsicum — In cases where Nux Vomica seems to be indicated but 
does not relieve, and when there are burning and roughness in the throat, 
with a feeling of stiffness and contraction, together with running of the 
no.>e and eyes. 

The application of cold water will be found excellent, used in the fol- 
lowing manner: In the evening when going to bed, place on the throat 
a wet bandage, covered with a dry cloth, keeping the bandage on rhiring 
the day. and changing it frequently. 



HOME REMEDIES 431 

In cases of persons subject to Quinsy, spons-ing ti-e throat and breast 
with cold water every morninjr. will prevent or nuxhfy the attacks. 

Administration of Remedies— Of the selecte.l remedy (hssolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water and frive a teaspoonful of the 
solution every one. two or three lunirs. If swallowin- is difficult and 
very painful, a dose of three globules may be given dry upon the tongue. 

GRIPING COLIC 

The term colic is applied to almost any severe pain in the bowels. 
There is a peculiar twisting or racking sensation behind the navel, accom- 
panied with constipation of the bowels, and sometimes nausea and 
vomiting; the pain is relieved by pressure, with intervals of ease: the belly 
is hard, and drawn up in lumps and knots, and distended with wind. It 
may be known from inflammation of the bowels by the fact of pressure 
affording relief: the absence of fever, and the occasional absence of pain. 
It may be divided into three varieties. The common or flatulent colic, 
bilious colic, painter's colic. 

The symptoms of flatulent colic are frequent belching up of wind with- 
out relief, violent pain, with a sense of twisting or griping about the navel; 
pain not increased on pressure: occasionally disappearing to be renewed 
in a short time;. feeling of fullness in the abdomen with constipation: rum- 
bling: nausea: coldness of the stomach. 

Causes — Indigestible food. wind, over distension of the stomach by 
articles of diet which give rise to gases, constipation, exposure to cold. etc. 

Bilious colic is sometimes confounded with flatulent colic, but is a 
more violent and alarming disease. The i)aticnt generally before an attack 
complains of derangement of the stomach and bowels, constipation, loss 
of appetite, coated tongue, bitter taste in the mouth, nausea, vomiting; 
as the disease advances, the pain comes on and is of a cutting and screw- 
mg character, sometimes commencing in the region of the stomach and 
extending to the back, or at other times it attacks the bowels, twisting 
around the navel as in common colic. The pain at first is relieved by 
pressure, and afterward the bowels arc tender to the touch; the extremities 



432 



HOME REMEDIES 



cold, with a yellowish hue of the skin, and of the whites of the eyes; rest- 
lessness. 

Causes — Bilious colic may be caused by a neuralgic affection of the 
stomach, exposure to cold, the transferring of rheumatism or neuralgia 
to the stomach or bowels, constipation, etc. 

Painter's or lead colic, is a disease caused by lead, and is found among 
those who work in lead, as painters, plumbers, miners, type founders, etc. 
The colic comes on gradually, being preceded with a feeling of general 
depression, despondency, wandering pains in the bowels and extremities, 
heaviness of the limbs, deranger ent of the stomach and bowels; chilliness; 
depression of spirits; uneasy sensation at the pit of the stomach; this 
sensation gradually increases until it becomes excruciating, and extends 
down into the bowels, and is very severe and twisting in its character, 
nausea, vomiting, constipation, headache, great thirst, pains in the wrists 
and ankles; the pain is not increased by pressure; the muscles of the 
abdomen, however, are tender to the touch, sometimes so much so that 
the patient cannot bear the weight of bedclothes; sometimes accompany- 
ing or following the attack we have paralysis, particularly of the muscles 
of the forearm. 

Treatment— The patient should be placed in a warm bath, seated in 
a tub, and covered with a blanket to confine the hot steam. After being 
in the bath for about ten minutes, he should lie down in the blankets 
without being wiped, and covered with sufficient clothing; hot bricks, or 
bottles of hot water should be placed around the patient, especially on the 
spots where the pain is most severe. As soon as perspiration occurs, 
the patient will be relieved. The medicines may be given from the com- 
mencement of the attack. The different forms of colic, with the remedies 
applicable to each, are here given : 

Bilious colic: Nux Vomica. Colocyntli. Chamomilla. Bryonia. 

Common, or flatulent colic : Pulsatilla, China, Cocculus, Nux Vomica, 
Colocynth. Sulphur, Carbo Veg. 

Painter's or lead colic: Opium. Platina. Belladonna. 

Colic from worms : Mercury, Cliina, Sulphur. 



HOME REMEDIES 



Aconite. Colocyntli. Mercurius. Xux \omica. 



433 

^ Colic from indigestion: Pulsatilla. China. Bryonia. Bciiatlonna, Carbo 
Veg., Nux Vomica. 

Colic from a chill: 
Chamomilla. 

Colic with obstinate constipation: Nux \'omica. Opium. 

Colic from bathing : Nux \'omica. 

Colic from exposure to cold, damp weather: Pulsatilla. Rhus. Bryonia. 

Colic occurring in children : Chamomilla. Rheum. Coffea, Belladonna 
and Aconite. 

Colic occurring in pregnant women : Nux \-omica. Bryonia. Pulsa- 
tilla, Sepia and Chamomilla. 

Colic in hysterical women : Ignatia. Nux ' "omica. Cdcculus. 

Detail of Symptoms— Colocynth— This is the principal remcdv lor all 
kinds of colic. The pains are cutting and pinching, or as if the bowel.s 
were cut with knives. Cramps in the limbs, shivernig. abdomen swollen. 
or else very empty and tender, as if from a i)ruisc. Chamomilla. Mercury 
and Belladonna, may be given after this. 

Nux Vomica— Constipation, with pressure in the abdomen, the pain 
is pinching and drawing, pressure at the pit of the stomacli with swelling 
and tenderness of the abdomen when touched, griping in the abdomen, 
with cold hands and feet. 

Belladonna— Pain, as if the bowels were grasped by the fuiger nails, 
relieved by pressing upon the bowels, or upon d.oubling! a feeling of bear- 
ing down as if something would fall out. head and face hot'^and red. 
severe pain in the head rendered worse by movement, throat dry. May 
be followed by Mercury or Hyoscyamus. 

China— Excessive swelling of the abdomen with fullness and pressure. 
as from hard bodies: pain with stoppage of wind, worse at night. 

Pulsatilla— Shooting, biting pains in the pit of the stomach, a feeling 
of heaviness and fulness in the abdomen with tenderness ajid pain as from 
a bruise, colic caused by indigestion, worse when sitting or lying, or in 
the evening, with shivering, patient feels better out of doors, has diarrhcca, 
pale face. May be followed by China. Mercury. Lycopodium. 




434 



HOME REMEDIES 



Cocculus — Particularly useful in common or flatulent colic, and for 
colics of women, before and at the time of their menses; the pains are 
spasmodic and constrictive, with nausea; dnnculty of breathing; full, dis- 
tended stomach; or a feeling of emptiness in the abdomen, with squeezing 
and tearing in the stomach. 

CofTea — Great pain with agitation and grinding of teeth, coldness of 
the limbs. 

Ignatia — Colic in the night, with shooting in the sides and chest, 
relieved by discharge of wind; suitable for sensitive and delicate women. 

Bryonia — Fullness and pressure in tkie abdomen after eating; cutting 
pain in the bowels, especially after drinking warm milk; colic with diar- 
rhcea. after taking cold; or in the heat of summer. 

Chamomilla — Tearing pain with great restlessness; bitttr vomiting; 
fullness in the , t of the stomach; one cheek red, and the other pale; the 
colic appears generally at night, or after a meal. 

Rhus — Pressure in the pit of the stomach; pain in the abdomen at 
night; diarrhoea of slimy and watery substances. 

CarboVeg. — Swelling and fullness of the abdomen; belching up of 
wind; colic after riding in a carriage; colic with rumbling in the bowels; 
discharge of wind with a putrid smell. 

Arsenic — Great pain with uneasy, burning sensation, or sensation of 
cold in the abdomen; pains worse at night, or after eating or drinking; 
vomiting of watery or bilious matter; diarrhcea with thirst, shivering, and 
great weakness. 

Veratrum — Pain as if from cutting with knives in the abdomen; burn- 
ing in the abdomen; rumbling of wind. May be given in alternation with 
Arsenic, in severe cases. 

Opium — Abdomen hard and swollen; obstinate constipation with 
vomiting of substance from the bowels. 

Lachesis — In spasmodic colic, especially when Colocynth. Belladonna, 
Nux Vomica and Chamomilla have been given without effect. 

Lycopodium — Swelling and fullness of the stomach, with pain; rum- 
bling of wind. May follow Pulsatilla or Lachesis. 



m 



HOME Rl'.MLDIES 



435 



Platina— When the colic is in conscinence of fear or an-cr: or ulieii 
caused I.y lead; tlie patient is afraid of dyin.^c contractin^M'ai.i.^ in the 
abdomen: pressure in the stomach after oatin^^; the colic di^ai.pears when 
the distress ot mind begins, or the distress of n>in.l .Hsappears as the colic 
begins. 

Aconite— Great tenderness of tlie abdomen: restlessness and twisting- 
boxvels seem to retract; desire to urinate, uith unsuccessful attempt. 

Arnica— Bruised pains in the sides of the alxlomen; fullness in the 
stomach, as if one had eaten too much: stitches in the pit <.f the stomach- 
oppression on the chest, worse after eating and drinking, or on touch;' 
swell.rg and hardness of the abdomen. 

Cina^Colic from worms, with pain, especially around the navel. 
Mercury— Shooting, or violent contracting pains in the pit of the 
stomach, with nausea; frequent desire to evacuate: great (piantitv of saliva 
in the mouth; abdomen tender to the touch; shivering with heat, espe- 
cially in the face; pain worse at night. 

Rheum— For colic, particularly in infants, when accompanied by diar- 
rhcea with a sour smell; or in adults when the pains are cutting, forcing 
one to bend over frequently, pain worse when standing. 

Sepia— Colic in pregnant woman, cutting pains after motion, burning 
and stitches in the abdomen, which is hard and swollen, sensation of 
bearing down in the abdomen, with pressure. 

Calcarea Carb— Gnawing or cutting i)ain in the abdomen, imeasy 
rumbling in the bowels with a difficult discharge of winil. acidity of the 
stomach, with vomiting of food, diarrhoea of a light color. 

Administration of Remedies— Di.s.solve twelve globules of the selected 
remedy in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every ten, 
fifteen, twenty or thirty minutes. acc(jrding to the severity of the 
symptoms. Each remedy should be repeated three or four times before 
changing to another. The intervals should be lengthened as the patient 
grows better. 

Persons liable to colic should be careful in regard to their diet, avoid- 
ing all green vegetables, acid drinks, etc. During an attack only the 



436 



HOME REMEDIES 




slightest nourishment sliould l)e given, as toast water, gruels, etc. The 
feet should be kept warm and dry. 

INFL.\MM.\TION OF THi: STOM.\CH 

Gastritis is an inllanunation of the lining membrane of the stomach, 
and may be either acute or chronic. The acute form, however, is a rare 
disease, and is generally caused by acid and corrosive substances taken 
into the stomach; as arsenic, corrosive sublimate, nitric acid, and the 
habitual use of lifjuor. Blows upon the stomach, and sudden checking 
of perspiration may also excite it. 

Symptoms — In severe cases, there is a burning pain in the stomach, 
with thirst: restlessness: constant nausea and vomiting: great desire for 
cold drinks: anxiety: prostration of strength: i)ain increased by pressure 
upon and by substances taken into, the stomach; the thirst is intense and 
distressing, for fluids unless given in very small (juantities are immediately 
rejected; there is sometimes a severe cough which is very annoying; the 
tongue is either red on the tip and edges, and whitish in the middle, or 
is re' over; the bowels arc consti])ated unless the intlammation extends 
to them, when we have diarrlura. 

As the disease increases iti violence, we have great difficulty of breath- 
ing, and pain, which increases by inspiration: great loss of strength; 
hiccough; cold, clammy sweats; skin becomes pale and cool; the tongue 
becomes smooth, red and dry: vomiting of dark-colored matter: delirium, 
stupor, or convulsions and death. 

Chronic inilammation of the stomach is quite a common disease, and 
is frequently mistaken for dyspepsia. It may be caused by the acute form, 
but it more frequently follows attacks of fever, as scarlet fever, small 
pox. etc. 

There is pain in the stomach which is increased by the presence of 
food, or by pressure, the appetite is irregular and fastidious: the food is 
imperfectlv digested, and gas which is exceedingly offensive, escapes by 
the mouth; the appetite will sometimes be very craving, but when the 
patient takes food, he is easily satisfied, or is made sick. 



HOME RP.MIIDIPS 



437 



At other times the appetite is emirdy l(.>t; t.m^u.' is wliitc in the 
center, and red at the sides and tip; soinetink-s siiK.otii ;m<l red all over 
like beef; if the innaniinatioii extends l.. the I.o\veI> there will he diarrii,,;,: 
in some cases cuii-Ii is present, and if the disease is allowed i<. omtniue." 
all the symptoms of consnmi)tion appear. The disease, tu.less uell m.in' 
age.l. is liable to can.se, nloeration of the e..alin- uf the M.mi;uh. and death. 

The principal remedy in this disease is .\r>enio. to be -iven especially 
when the followin- symptoms are present : The eonnten;nu-e sunken and 
contracted, stomach swollen an.l hot to the touch, the patient lies upon 
the back, breath short, rapid and dillicidt. ton-ue re.l :ni,l clean, or red 
on the qdges with dirty fur in the center, voice ho.-use and >uppre->ed. 
skin hot and dry. burning or shootiu- p;,in in the stomach, -ripin- ,,r 
burning pain in the throat, great desire for col.j <lrinks. obstinate n.iusea 
and vomiting, great temlerness over the re-ion of the stomach ..n pres- 
sure. This may be given in alternation with X'enitnun. 

Aconite— Especially when the i)ains .ire severe ;nid the he.it is oie;,t 
in the stomach, or wlien the disease is can.sed by taking cold drinks when 
overheated. 

Veratrum— Countenance pale and sunken, nose ])ointe<l. lips dry and 
bluish, tongue red at the tip and edges, with .1 -lark, dry fur running 
through the center, pulse cpiick and weak, extremities cold. hiccuglK 
great exhaustion, burning pain in tiie stomach, short and troublesome 
cough. 

Ipecac— M.ay be given after Aconite if the vomiting is very great, ami 
the (hsea.se is caused by indigestion. 

rnlsatilla— May be given after Ipecac when the disease is caused by 
indigestion, or a chill in the stomach tVom having taken ice. 

Belladonna and Ilyoscyamns— May be given in alternation (turn 
about) when the patient is nervous, and there is drowsiness, delirium and 
loss of consciousness. 

Nux Vomica and Lachesis— May be given in alternation or alone 
when the di.seasc is caused by Hfjuors. or by the abuse of co'Tee. wines, or 
stimulating food. 



438 



HOME REMEDIES 




Opium and Camphor — May be given in alternation (turn ahout) if tlic 
al)()vc remedies do not seem to relieve the case, and there is drowsiness 
and stupor. 

Cantharis — May he given in violent cases, particularly when the burn-\ 
ing pain is intolerable. 

For chronic gastritis, the following remedies may be used: 

Bismuth, Bryonia. Cuprum, Metallicum, Digitalis. Hyoscyamus. I'hos- 
phorus, Mercury, Ignatia. Tartar Emetic. The diet should be the same 
as under allopathic treatment. 

.\dministration of Remedies — Dissolve twelve globules in twelve tea- 
spoonfuls of water an<l give a teasjuionful every half hour. hour, or two 
hours, until better. If. however, the symptoms do not improve after a 
few doses, then at once select another remedy and give in the same man- 
ner. For the chronic form, the remedies may be given two or three times 

a day. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE BOWELS 

This is one of the most dangerous and painful diseases, and should 
alwavs be placed in the care of a physician. It is an inilannnation of the 
lining membrane of the small intestine. An intlammation of the lining 
membrane of the large intestine is called dysentery. 

Symptoms — The disease commences with a slight chill accompanied 
by thirst, with hot skin, and more or less pain of a griping character, in 
the neighborhood of the bowels, which gradually increases until it is of 
a severe burning character. The pain is increased on pressure, so much 
so that the patient is unable to bear even the weight of the bedclothes, 
and lies usually on his back with the knees drawn up. The pain some- 
times comes on in paroxysms with intervals of relief; nausea and vomiting 
are present, with fever, tongue furred and red; thirst; constipation; difificult 
and painful urination; vomiting may be so violent that the contents of 
the intestines may be thrown up; sometimes, instead of constipation, there 
will be diarrhoea, the discharges being either watery or mucus tinged with 
blood, or perhaps bilious. In bad cases as the disease advances, the belly 
becomes swollen, the pain increases, the pulse becomes weak and flutter- 



HOME RliMliDIliS 



439 



ing:; hiccough occurs: tlic linihs gnm cold. an.I the tc.turcs arc piiulicl 
and sharp: the pain ceases, an.l a <hschar«e of hlack. feti.l lluid ..cairs. 
and death soon follows from mortification. 

Intlammation of the l)oucIs may he mistaken t.,r o.lic. or for mil.un- 
mation of the peritoneum. It may he <h>tin-uishcd from c.hc I y il,e 
fever symptoms which occur in intlammati..n ..f the houel... and the pain 
on pressure, neither of wliich are found in c.hc. It mav he .hstin-uished 
from inflammation of the peritoneum, hy tlie fact tliat .harrliaa is sel.jom 
present in the latter affection, and that sweUini,' of the al)d.Mnen with 
tenderness on pressure are always present in inllannnation of tlie peri- 
toneum. 

Causes— Irritating and in.ligestihle food: colic; exposure to cold; 
ohstinate constipation; strangulated hernia or rupture; may also he caused 
by the driving in of eruptions, or the suppression u\ customary discharges. 

The treatment of this disease is similar to tliat for in!lanunation of the 
stomach, .\conite should he the tir.st used, and continued as long as the 
lever is intense, and the skin very hot. .After this Arsemcuni and Ver- 
atrum should he given alternately (turn ahoi 'i.« vomiting is violent 

and persistent, after having n.sed these remedie for a consi.IeraI)le length 
of time, give ipecac. In some cases P.cllado ma and Mercury may he 
given in alternation after the .Aconite has redi ccd the fever, hut there is 
still great soreness of the abdomen, with inten e thirst. When the vomit- 
ing is so severe as to throw up the conteius of the bowels. Opium must 
be given, and if not relieved within eight or ten hours, give Plumbum. 
At this stage, weak injections of an infusion of tobacco will sometimes 
be of benefit. A warm bath may also be administered with success. 

Administration of Remedies— Of the selected remedy dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water and give a teaspoonful every one. 
two. three or four hours, according to the severity of the symptoms. If 
the pellets are used give six at a dose. The diet should be of the mildest 
description, as gruel made of rice or flour; milk and water; milk toast 
and gum arabic water. 



440 



HOME REMEDILS 




i 



WORMS • 
(Sec page 284.) 

There are three principal varieties of worms to which the human race 
is subject. The Ascaris or Pin Worm, also called the maw or thread 
worm; it is very small, resembling a white threail, from half an i;ich to 
an inch in length. The number is sometimes very great, forming rolls 
and balls in the intestines. They frequently crawl 'iito the vagina, or 
•urethra, causing a troublesome itching. 

Another variety is the Lumbricus. or Ascaris Lumbricoides, which is 
a very long, round worm, about an eighth of an inch in thickness, and from 
three to twelve inches in length; it very much resembles the common 
earth worm. They are found generally in the large intestines and some- 
times in the stomach, and not infrequently make their appearance in the 
throat. 

The third variety is the Taenia Solium, which is a long, flat tapeworm, 
varying in length from a few feet to several hundred. It dwells in the 
small intestines, and feeds on the chyle whic) is the substance of the food 
after it has passed through the stomach, and in this way causes r "at 
emaciation, exhaustion and loss of flesh. 

Symptoms — The symptoms of the presence of worms are veryo'. ..ure, 
and it is sometimes impossible to check tl.em until they have been dis- 
charged. 

The presence of the thread worm may be known by the annoying and 
intolerable itching within the anus or fundament. In children, worms 
are indicated by paleness, itching in the nc ,e, grinding of the teeth; start- 
ing from sleep, irregular appetite, bad breath, swollen belly, upper lip 
considerably swollen; one of th heeks more or less flushed. 

Taj)eworm may be known by a gnawing pain in the stomach, irregular 
appetite, but which is generally voracious, the amount eaten does not 
furnish a corresponding amount of nourishment; the patient grows thin. 
and there is frequently a hard cough-present; a sensation as of something 
suddenly rising from the left side into the throat and falling back; dizziness, 
particularly in the morning before eating. 




DIXORATIXG GRANDMAMMA. 



Frame your mind to mirth and nurriment. 
VMiich bars a thousand harms and lenKthen> liiV. 

Shakespeare. 




WOMAN'S INFLUENCE 



THE WORLD. 



Ii we wish to know the political and moral condition of a State, we must ask what 
rank women hold in it. Their influence embraces the whole of life. A wife! — a 
mother! — two magical words, comprising the sweetest source of man's felicitv. 'Fheirs 



is the reign oi beauty, of love, of reason. — always a reign! 



.■\imi ^lartin. 



HOME REM U PIES 
Treatment — Aconite (;iv<.ii -n .1. . , 

in the same manner. "^ '^,llatla 

.vmni"'''"^"" ''""''"""■'''' '^''""'>- '^^''^•^•'•'•"^ ^^"- ^'- •■■'!■•.• -u, 
^mptums are present: liurin. u.th the ,in,n - n, ,h. ,...- ,„.. ' M 
.s nervous, and cries at ni^ht in h,s .leep; has .evcro a„ kU . 

Z •^'''^^^'^^"•.-•- -"' f-tful: face bloa.e.l; .udln.. an,I pan, n 

the alKiomen: constipation or .liarrhua; Kn.i.,, .,f ,!,. ...th 

Seville'!; "'"'T~''''"" "'"' '" """^ ^>- ''''^'"^ '"-^ i--...M,pat„.n 
severe uchm^.. In,nun,. an.l prickin. ..„sati.M, at the an„s 

Sp,geha-In severe cases of uonn colic when ,hcrc ,s f.-vcr a„.| .h.r- 
riuea. with cravmjr ai>i)ctite an.l chilhiu'ss. 

Sih-cea-Especially for chil.lren uho arc of >cn.fuln„. hal.i, 

Lycopoclium-Especially uhcn there is ^rcat itchi„. at ,!.• f„„,,a,ne„t 
*jr citius. 

ca.^7'r'""'~^' recommencle.1 hy Freli^h for the irrnat, „. an.l ,tchn>. 
caused by worms. " 

Santonin-Is an excellent reme.ly for the .hfferent vari.. ,f uohms 
Por the tapeworm, pumpkin seeds given a. foHow., v, he found 

Take eight ounces of the seeds, and eat at night fou^ ouur.. ,„, an 
empty stomach: then in the morning take the oth-r f.;.,- ounces havir^^ 
steeped them in hot water, and drink the infusion. Nothing sl„ ,„ld be 
eaten tnUd noon. Tins will generally suffice to expci the worn,. If not 
eltectual, repeat the next night. 

Administration of Remedies-Give a dose of the ..elected remcrlv, three 
t.mes a day unless the symptoms are urgent, when it should be repeated 
every two or three hours. 



444 



HOME REMEDIES 



In chronic cases, the remedy should be repeated once a day and con- 
tinued for a long time. 

Diet — The patient should avoid all heavy food, such as boiled vege- 
tables, rich pudding and cake ; but he may be allowed meat soups, roasted 
or boiled meat, and milk. 

For the intense itching which is present in some cases, injections of 
cold water, or water to which has been added a little salt or vinegar, will 
be found beneficial. Sweet oil will sometimes answer the purpose. 



CONSTIPATION 
(See Ch.-iptcr XXI.) 

This is one of the most common disorders to which mankind is subject. 
For the symptoms, causes and general treatment, see page 80. 

The principal remedy is Nux Vomica, when there is frequent and 
ineffectual urging to stool, or a feeling as if the anus was closed; dis- 
agreeable taste in the mouth; loss of appetite; swelling of the abdomen. 
If the Nux is insufficient, give an occasional dose of Bryonia, especially if 
the disorder occurs in warm weather. 

Opium — May be sometimes given in alternation with Nux Vomica, 
especially when there is great torpidity of the bowels, and without any 
desire to stool; redness of the face; rush of blood to the head; headache. 

Platina — When the feces are voided in small, hard lumps, with much 
difficulty; shuddering; sensation of weakness in the abdomen. 

Lycopodium — When there is a painful urging, with a severe bearing 
down, but inability to pass the feces. 

Antimonium Crudum — In cases where constipation and diarrhoea alter- 
nate. 

Sulphur — For long continued constipation, particularly where the 
patient is troubled with piles. Also when there is frequent desire to stoo!. 
but without any result. 

Plumbum — For obstinate constipation, the stools are hard and diffi 
cult, and the feces come away in hard lumps or balls. 

For constipation of pregnant women, give Nux Vomica, Opium. 



HOME REMEDIES 



445 



Sepia. For lying-in women, Bryonia. Xux \-oniica. For nursins infants. 
Bryonia, Xnx Vomica, Opinm. Snlpluir. 

Administration of Remedies— (Jive of tlic selected remedy a .lose on.e 
in two. three or four hours. When the remedy is -iven drv. from three 
to six pills at a dose. When siven in water, dissolve six globules in six 
teaspoonfuls of water, and give one teaspoonful for a dose. Injections 
of, and batliing in, cold water, will be found very beneficial. 

DI.XRRHCEA 
(See page 313.) 

This disease is of frequent occurrence, especially during the warm 
months of the year. 

The syminoms are, f- equent discharges from the bowels of a more or 
less fluid character, each discharge being i^receded by a rumbling noise in 
the bowels, together with a sense of heaviness or weight: there is gener- 
ally more or less griping, and sometimes nausea and vomiting: when the 
discharges are frequent or in large quantities, the strength of the patient 
is rapidly reduced. 

Causes— Exposure to extreme heat and cold; the use of acids; indi- 
gestible or other irritating food; overloading the stomach with food; 
violent mental emotions, such as fear, anger, etc. It may also be caused 
by too close confinement in ill ventilated habitations, and also by teething, 
in infants. 

General Treatment— The use of all food that is not perfectly easy of 
digestion should be forbidden, as well as acids, coffee, and all highly 
seasoned vegetables, fruits, fresh meats, and soups of all kinds. The 
patient may be allowed toast, rice, boiled milk, oatmeal, hominy, arrow- 
root, barley water, sago, tapioca and gum arable water; boiled rice flavored 
with cinnamon may also be allowed. 

Dulcamara — For diarrhcra which is caused by cold: when the evacua- 
tions are watery, greenish, or yellowish; worse at night with slight pain. 
It may be followed by Bryonia. 

Aloes — Violent stools; the whole body becoming hot during cvacua- 



446 



HOME REMEDIES 






^^ 



■1 



tion, with a feeling of sickness at tlic stomacli, or in the region of the 
liver, the evacuations Iiavc a very putrid smell, and are not very profuse or 
watery. 

Ipecac — Evacuations of thin mucus, or frothy, fermented or yellow 
stools, with considerable pain in the rectum; stools with a white substance 
scattered through: i)alcness of the face; great prostration. 

Chamomilla — Uilious, watery or slimy diarrlKca. the evacuations 
resembling ch()i)i)ed straw, and smell like rotten eggs; coated tongue; 
swelling of the bowels; bitter taste in the mouth. Particularly useful 
when diarrlura is caused by cold, fear or anger, and for diarrhcca of infants, 
when the child tosses up its legs, frets', worries and tosses about, and wants 
to be carried. 

Rheum — Sour smelling evacuations, with contractive colic in the bow- 
els; shuddering when evacuating; diarrha-a from acidity of the stomach; 
sour smell proceeding from the child which is not removed by washing. 
Especially useful in diarrlKx-a of infants and diarrhcca of lying-in women. 
If Rheum does not relieve, give Chanicmilla. 

^lercurius — Suitable for almost any diarrhaa; especially when accom- 
panied with grii)ing in the bowels before, and burning in the anus after 
stool; great i)rostration and trembling; evacuation? bilious, slimy or 
frothy or mixed with blood; violent colic; bad breath. Nux Vomica 
will sometimes relieve when Mercury seems indicated, but does not have 
the desired effect. 

Colocynth — J'.ilious or watery diarrhoea, with severe cramp-like pains. 

Podophyllin— DiarrluL^a with cramp-like pains in the bowels; light 
colored and ofTensive stools; evacuations frothy and slimy. 

Pulsatilla — Diarrlura from indigestion, with watery, offensive evacua- 
tions, particularly at night, bitter taste in the mouth; foul tongue. 

Piryonia — Diarrhd-a from heat of summer. 

Arsenic — Evacuations burning, with severe colic pains. May be given 
in alternation with Vcratrum. or in alternation with Carbo Veg. when the 
diarrluta is putrid, and consists of undigested matter; or waterv. slimy, 
burning evacuations. 



HOME REMEDIES 



447 



Magnesia— Diarrha-a with evacuations resembling the scum (if a in.-r 
pond, green and frothy. * 

Nux Vomica— When there are frecinent and .cantv evacuation^ of 
watery and greenish sui)stances, accompanied with nmch strainin- and 
pressing down pain. May be given sometimes in alternation with'.Mer- 
cury. 

Administration of Remedies— Of the remcdv selected. di.M.Ke twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a tea>p.„,nfnl everv 
half hour, hour, two. or three hours, acconling to the severitv of the pain 
and the frequency of the evacuations. If the pills are used, give three ..r 
four at a dose. In chronic cases give a dose every morning and evening. 

DVSE.VTKRY 



This is an inHammation of the nuicous niend)rane lining the large 
bowels. 

Symptoms— The disease commences generally with a loss of ajipetite: 
constipatic'i; shivering: heat of skin; excessive thirst, etc. It sometimes 
begins with diarrhoea; the passages are small and frecpient. ;md are com- 
posed of mucus streaked with blood; there is constant straining, and <leMre 
for stool, with severe pain, before ami after each evacuation: there i> pain- 
ful griping of the anus called tenesmus. 

Causes— Sudden change in the temperature fnmi li,,t lo coM; unripe 
or sour fruits; stale vegetables, or meat; drinking cold water when 
heated. 

General Treatment— The patient should not be allowed to sit up. but 
be kept very quiet. For food, use Hour porridge well boiled, rice water. 
arrowroot, sago. When recovering, a little mutton broth may be allowed. 

Aconite— rain in the bowels; bilious, or thin, watery evacuati(jns. 
mixed with mucus and sometimes .'Streaked with bl(jo<l; pains in the lieatl. 
neck and shoulders; pulse strong and fast. 

Arsenicum — Suitable for cases where the stools pass involuiUarilv. and 
have a putrid smell; the patient is very weak; burning pain in the bowels; 




448 



HOME REMEDIES 



breath cold. May be given either alone, or in alternation with Carbo 
Veg. 

Belladonna — When Aconite fails to relieve, and when there is dryness 
in the mouth and throat; tenderness of the bowels; tongue coated and 
red at the tip. 

Mercury — This is the most important remedy in dysentery, and is 
useful in all stages, particularly when there is violent straining before 
and after evacuations, as if the bowels wotild force themselves out; a dis- 
charge of light blood sometimes streaked with mucus, or greenish matter, 
after much straining, sometimes tl. ? evacuations resemble scrambled eggs; 
violent colic; nausea; shivering; exhaustion; trembling; cold perspiration 
of the face; aggravation of pain at night. May be given in alternation 
with Colocynth, when there are severe griping colic pains, or in alter- 
nation with Aconite or Belladof.na if there is fever. 

Chamomilla — Sometimes useful after Aconite, when there is still fever 
with headache, coated tongue, nausea and thirst. Especially useful when 
the attack is caused by suddenly checked perspiration. 

Colocynth — When there is severe pain in the bowels and the dis- 
charges are mixed with green matter, or else are slimy and mixed with 
mucus and blood. May be given in alternation with Mercury. 

Podophyllin — Cramp-like pains in the bowels; stools light colored 
and very offensive, or frothy and mucus. 

Ipecac — Esijccially of benefit when the disease occurs in the fall, or 
when the mucus or slimy passages are afterward streaked with blood. 
May be given with advantage in alternation with Petroleum. 

Nu.x Vomica — Small and frequent discharges of bloody slime; intense 
heat; great thirst; burning, cutting pain about the navel. May be given 
in alternation with Opium. 

Sulphur — Useful in obstinate cases; an occasional dose. 

Administration of Remedies — Dissolve twelve globules in twelve tea- 
spoonfuls of water and give a teaspoonful every half hour, hour, or two 
hours, according to the urgency of the .symptoms. As the patient grows 
better, increase the intervals between the doses. "^ 



HOME REMEDIES 



449 



For chronic dysentery, a close of the remedy three times a day is 
sufficient. 

CHOLERA MORBL'S 

This is a disease common to warm climates, and is characterized hy 
vomiting, purging, violent gripings, coldness and cramps of the extrem- 
ities. 

Symptoms — The attack generally comes on suddenly with vomiting 
and purging, accompanied by severe griping ])ains in the bowels and stom- 
ach, followed by great anxiety. The discharges from the bowels consist of 
feces, afterward of watery, bilious matter: each evacuation is jjreccdcd 
and accompanied with violent griping and cutting colicky pains, especially 
about the navel; during the intervals between the evacuations, thero is 
nausea and uneasiness at the stomach; genera'ly there is great thirst, and 
fluid is vomited as soon as swallowed; if the disease is allowed to progress, 
the spasms extend to the arms and hands, the extremities become cold, 
the pulse sinks, countenance is pale, eyes sunken, cold, clammv sweat 
breaks out, and death occurs. 

Causes — Heat of summer, especially when the days arc hot and even- 
ings cool, sudden changes in the atmosphere, improper substances taken 
mto the stomach, as unripe fruits, acids, lobsters, melons, cucumbers: tits 
of anger. 

Ipecac — Especially when the vomiti;ig is violent. May be given a, the 
commencement of an attack in alternation with \'cratrum. If there is 
severe pain in the bowels, frequent and small evacuations, with severe 
pressing down pain, give Xux Vomica in alternation with Iiiecac. 

Arsenicum — Violent diarrhoea of watery, bilious, slimy, greenish or 
blackish substance: great prostration; cold extremities; violent thirst; 
tongue and lips dry and cracked, and bluish; bu^lil,^^ sensation at the pit 
of the stomach. May be given in alter- ation with \'eratrum. 

Veratrum — For the same symptoms as Arsenic, together with cramps 
m the calves of the legs; pale countenance, very great prostration, shriv- 
eled appearance of the skin. 

I- olocynth — ^Violent colic, as if the bowels were jammed between two 



450 



HOME REMEDIES 



mm 



stones; vomiting of green substance; cramp-like pain; constrictions in the 
bowels with cutting pains as from a knife. 

Cuprum — When there are severe spasms of the limbs; cramps in 
the fingers and toes. 

China — When the attack is caused by indigestion; also for the debility 
after a severe attack. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the selected remedy dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every ten, 
fifteen or thirty minutes, according to the severity of the attack. After 
having given several doses, and there is no relief, select another remedy. 
The intervals between the doses should be lengthened as the patient grows 
easier. The diet may consist of such things as oatmeal gruel. Cold water 
should be used as a drink. The patient should be careful to avoid all 
vegetables and other articles which will disagree with his stomach. 



CHAPTIZR XXXIII 

HOME TREArMENT— DISEASES OF 
PREGNANCr 

(See Chapter XI.) 

MORNING Sickness— This is a must troublesome (!;>or<ler. ami 
one difficult to control. It sets in generally early in tlie l-.cginnin- 
of pregnancy, and continues until after the third month. The 
attacks usually come on early in the morning, and last hut a short tinie. 
General Treatment— It may sometimes ho avoided hv the patient 
taking a cup of cofifee and a little toast, in bed. before she'arises for tiio 
day. Lemonade, sardines, or smoked herring, u ill sometimes alleviate. 

Ipecac— Bilious vomiting: nausea and vomiting, \vith uneasiness in 
the stomach: vomiting of undigested food: bowels loose. 

Tabacuni— This is a very important remedy, where there is nausea. 
with faintness, and deathly paleness of the face, relieved by being in the 
open air: vomiting of water, and acid licjuid and mucus. 

Arsenicum— Excessive vomiting after eating and drinking, with fainl- 
ing and great weakness. 

Nux Vomica— Nausea and vomiting in the morning: acid and bitter 
substances arise in the throat; heartburn: constipation. 

Scpia— If the nausea has lasted for a long time, and appears generally 
m the morning: in the evening there is a painful sensation of uneasiness 
in the stomach, with burning and stinging in the pit of the stomach. 

Camphor— When there is cold perspiration with hot head and cold 
feet. 

Pulsatilla— When Ipecac and Nux Vomica have proved insufficient. 
and especially if the vomiting comes on in the evening, or at night; 
depraved appetite; longing for beer, acid. wine. etc. : diarrhcca ahernaiing 
with constipation. 

451 



452 



HOME TREATMENT 




PRURITIS— ITCHING OF THE PRIVATE PARTS 
(See page 126.) 

This is a very annuying and troiiblcsome disorder. It is so severe in 
some cases, as to taice away all rest and sleep, and is absolutely unbear- 
able. It is doubtful as to what is the cause of it. It may be occasioned 
by an unhealthy discharge from the vagina, or it may depend upon an 
eruption like thrush in infants, when it is accompanied by burning, heal, 
redness, dryness and swelling. The parts must be kept perfectly clean, 
and warm water will generally be found the best to use. 

Treatment — The best remedy in this trouble is Conium, of which take 
six globules three times a day. If this dose does not effect a cure, give 
one of the following remedies, dose the same : Arsenicum, Bryonia, Rhus, 
Silicea. Pulsatilla, Sulphur, Lycopodium or Graphites. As an application, 
use an ounce of borax, dissolved in a pint of rose water or rain water. 
If the itching extends into the vagina, throw in some of the solution with 
a syringe. A weak infusion of green tea, or a weak solution of alum, 
will sometimes be found beneficial. 

PILES, OR HEMORRHOIDS 
(See page 117) 

This is an affection to which pregnant women are very liable. They 
are generally caused by constipation. It is very important that a pregnant 
woman should pay strict attention to her bowels, rjt allowing either con- 
stipation or diarrhoea, and by attending early to these derangements much 
trouble may be avoided. 

General Treatment — When the piles appear, or there seems to be a dL 
position for them to do so, th r free use of cold water will be found very 
beneficial. It may be used in a sitting bath, cold compresses, or injections. 
Warm water may be used when they bleed or have ceased to bleed, and 
are very painful. The diet must be carefully regulated. Meat should 
be used as little as possible. Some advise a diet of bread and water alone, 
for a few days. If after each evacuation the bowel, or a small tumor pro- 



Mi 



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453 



trades, causing pain, it may be returned I)y vn^smv^ it l,.ick with the 
bail of the finger. It is not advisable to take much medicine. Try to 
be regular, and to take regular e.xercise. The bowels may be kei)t re-ular 
by eating rye bread, rye meal and molasses, potatoes, ripe fruit, stewed 
peaches, prunes, etc. 

Nux Vomica and Sulphur are the principal remedies. Xux X.nnica 
especially, when there is a burning. pri*-king pain in the timiors; also 
when there is a discharge of light blood after each evacuation, and a 
constant desire to evacuate. (Jive the Xux at night (one dose) and the 
Sulphur in the morning (one dose). If these do not relieve in a few days, 
Ignatia may be given, especially if there are violeiu, stitch-like |)ains.()r 
when after each evacuation there is a painful contraction and soreness. 
If the constipation is very violent, give Ignatia and Opium, every two or 
three hours alternately. Other remedies are Arsenicum, belladonna, 
Carbo Veg.. Hepar Sulphur. Ilamamelis \'irginica. 

COXSTIP.\TIO\ DtRI.Vr, PREGX.WCY 

(Sec ch.iptir XI.) 

A sluggish condition of the bowels is one of the amioying troubles 
of Pregnancy. There are many circumstances to induce it. and it nui.st 
be carefully guarded against. A change should generally be made in the 
diet; eat plenty of ripe sweet fruits, such as apples, prunes, peaches, etc: 
take plenty c\ exercise in the open air, and indulge in the moderate use 
of cold water. Avoid coffee and all stimulating li(|nids. It is best not 
to use violent purgatives, as they are liable to jiroduce miscarriage. 

Take a dose of Nux \'o!i.ica. every night an<l morning. This remedy 
may be given in alternation with Opium, if Xux does not have the desired 
effect. When both these fail, and the consti]>ation has contiiuied for a 
long time, Lycopodium or Sulphur may be taken. If the bowels feel 
painful, Bryonia and Ignatia will often prove beneficial. 

DIARRHCEA DURING PREGNAN'CY 

This disease does not occur so often during pregnancy as constipation, 
but is much more injurious, as it rapidly weakens the patient if not 



454 



llOMH THli.iTMHNT 



checked. Sometimes there is simply looseness of the bowels, where the 
movements arc more frc<iuent than usual: hut the appetite remains Rood, 
anti the },'cncral l:calth is not affccte<l. Such cases may he controlled hy 
simply rcRulatinjj the diet. The iliarrhcca, however, which is to be feared, , 
is when the discharges arc dark-colored. Ii(|uid. and very ofTcnsivc; the 
breath is bad, and there is a disagreeable taste in the mouth; little or no 
appetite. 

General Treatment — The diet should be carefully regulated. It may 
consist of barley water, (iiuii Arabic water. Arrowroot. Saj;o. Tapioca, 
Iceland or Irish moss, toast water, boiled rice, llavorcd with powdered 
ciimamon. 

Chamomilla — For violent colic, yellow, greenish stool, or resembling 
stirred eggs; rumbling in the bowels. 

Pulsatilla — When the stools are watery or greenish, preceded by colic, 
with slimy, bitter taste in the mouth: nausea or vomiting. 

Dulcamara — When the diarrhica is caused by taking cold; worse at 
night. 

Nux Vomica — Evacuations frecpient but scanty, accompanied with 
great straining and pressing-down pain in the rectum. 



DYSPEPSI.V 
(Sec page 314) 

This is a frequent and annoying symptom, for which the patient may 
take Magnesia, Chalk, or Peach kernels. 

Nux Vomica and Pulsatilla arc the principal remedies. They may 
be taken either alone or in alternation (turn about). Sometimes a slice of 
lemon sugared, and kept in the mouth, will relieve; or one drop of Sul- 
phuric Acid in a tumbler of water. 

Hysteric Fits — During the early months of pregnancy, are frequent. 

Treatment — The patient should be placed in the cold air. and cold 
water dashed over the face, and Ammonia held to the nostrils. When 
the paroxysm is over, give a dose of Coflfea or Chamomilla. 



ihnii-. Th'/'iTMrxr 



455 

tiou. j;i\c \iix W.iiiica 



When the attjick is caii.scl by ih-Dnlc tv.l dij^r^.^ 
or PuNatilla. 

Wlicn it is caused l.y nnj,'cr. Chamomilla 

Administration ..f KcnuMlics-Civc six -Inhulc^ at a .!. h'. an.! repeat 
every two. tlirce or four hours. 

r.M.piT\Tio\- nr Tin: iif.art 

TIlis may prove very distnssinjr. ^.p^i-ially t.. ddioito women. 

When caused by an-er. C lianiomilla: by fear. Xeratrum: by joy. 
CofTea; I)y sudden frij;ht. (^pium. 

For nervous persons. T;,'nati.i. ColTea. Chamomilla. 

Other remethes are. lielladonna. Xu\ .Mosehata. I'ul.satilla. 

Administration of Ren-edies— Of the remedy selected. di.soUe twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, a.id lake one teaspoonful every 
hour or oftener. if the severity of the e.-i-e dem.uids it. 

iiF.\D\cnn 

(Sir IKiiTc .uo.) 

This is a very common comi):aim ainoii- prc-nant women. an<I tiiere 
is generally considerable nervous irritabiiitv. 

Treatment— 'ihe remedies are Aconite. I'.elladonna. Xux Vomica. 
Opium. Pulsatilla. F^latina. 

When there is sleeplessness. Coffea. I-^natia, Xux Vomica, Tfyoscya- 
mus. Opium. 

When there is sleepiness. Opium. IV.I.satilla. Xiix \'(,mie.i r,-,>cus. 

Administration of Remedie-— Of the ^elected remedv. (;.--,. ve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and take a leasp,„Mifu! every 
half hour. hour, two, or three horns, acconling to the .-everitv of the 
svmptoms. 

(Svc puKi' .UO. 1 

Cramps frequently occur in tJK calves of the legs. hips, back or abdo- 
men, and are very annoying. 



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For cramps in the limbs. Vcratrum, Nux Vomica. Colocynth, Chamo- 
milla. 

For cramps in the abdomen or stomach. Nux Vomica. Colocynth, 

Pulsatilla, Belladonna. 

For cramps in the back. Ignatia, Rhus. 

'Administration of Remedies— Of the selected remedy, dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful at a dose; 
or pive six globules. 

INCONTINENCE OF URINE-ENURESIS 

This is a partial or total inability to retain the urine, and is a very 
annoying complaint. 

The principal remedies are Pulsatilla. Sepia. Belladonna. Hyoscyamus, 
Causticum. Of the remedy chosen, take six pills once in three or four 
hours. 

DIFFICULT URINATION 

This is an exceedingly troublesome complaint, caused by pressure of 
the enlarged uterus upon the bladder. 

Pulsatilla is the principal remedy. If Pulsatilla does not relieve, give 
Nux Vomica. 



Acid. 



Other remedies are Belladonna, Cantharides, Cocculus, Phosphoric 



Of the remedy chosen, take six globules every two hours. 



CHAPTF.R XXXIV 

SrMPTOMS AND TREJTMEXr 

IM IMS 

(Sec ( lia;.nr XX.) 



nrsE.isEs OF 



CONVULSIOXS— Sp:?<ms- -Fits— a.nv.ilsinns is a .liscasv which 
is probably more r, ,.!..! !.y ,„othcr, an.l nurses than any other. 
on account of the -.ml i. ..ppcaranro ro' orally prescntcl by the 
sufferer, and the siuldct; ;>..■.. „, Mu -.tt uk f ih, sp,,.„,s. By the word 
convulsion we mean, a yiolcnt .n„i mu .inntary contn.ction „f the nnisdcs 
of the whole or part of the bo,l>, „i cc.msI. in .„mc affection uf the 
spmal system of nerves. Not ail ...n.ulsions arc dangerous, althoujih 
some are very dangerous, and sonic c\ en fat;.l. The ones to be feared th' 
most are those which occur after .in.psy of the brain has set i-i ni.tr 
severe falls or bruises, or after any acute attack of brain or bowel <\:^ -. ^ 
They are more likely to occur before the age of >eyen. especial;-. .,":::. 
the first three years. The brain of an infant is yery tender, ai : , 
quently is liable to sudden congestions, wiiicli n cannot resist s ,, 
the brain of an adult. 

Causes— Children of a susceptible. irrital)le and ncrvo-.is temperaiuo, ; 
or disposition, are more liable to them than other.. The most common 
causes are, irritation of the bowels from iiHligcstible food, difticult teeth- 
ing, and worms, excessive crying and pains, anger and joy. A dangerous 
form results from overloading the stomach with indigestible Unnl, as 
nuts, apples, etc. Eruptive fevers, as .scarlet fever, small pox. and measles, 
are frequently ushcrea in by convulsions, but they (juickly disapi)ear. on 
the appearance of the eruption, and arc not considered dangerous; if, 
however, they make their appearance during the course of the disc.-.re, 
they are greatly to be dreaded. Spasms luuc been i)roduced by the milk 
of the mother becoming poisoned by some great mental emotion, as 
anger, also by her nursing the child when overheated. 

Symptoms — "The attack generally commences in the eyes, whi.li 



iy, 



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arc at first fixed in one position, staring; but as the case advances, they 
become agitated, and are turned up beneath the upper eyelid, leavnig 
only the wiiites visible; the eyelids are sometimes open, sometimes shut; 
the eyes are fre(iuently crossed; the pupils may be either contracted or 
dilated. The muscles of the face next become affected, and the contrac- 
tions produce at times most horrid contortions; the mouth is distorted 
into various shapes. Sometimes the jaws are firmly set. again they are 
in violent motion. At times, but -arely. there is foaming at the mouth. 
In severe cases, when the spasm becomes general, the wliole body is 
violently convulsed; the head is drawn backward, or to either side: the 
body may Ijccome stiff and rigid, or variously contorted; the. fingers are 
drawn into the palms of the hands; the arms are thrown backward or 
forward, or jerked and drawn into all conceivable positions. The lower 
extremities arc likewise affected, but not generally in so violent a manner." 
A fit may last but for a fe>\ moments, or it may rontinue for several 
hours. A child will sometimes have several fits durii. ..le day. but there 
will always be a longer or shorter interval between each spasm. 

General Treatment— The first thing to be done, is to prepare a warm 
bath and put the child in as soon as possible. Where the convulsion is 
slight, a foot bath with a little mustanl in the water is sufficient, but in 
other cases the l^ath must be a general one. Pour cold water in a steady 
stream on the head of the child while in the bath, and continue it so long 
as the hea<l is at all hot. or until the fit passes off. When taken from the 
bath, he may be wrapped in a warm flannel, or woolen blanket; do not 
even stop to wipe him off. He must be kept in the water from ten to 
twenty minutes, or until the convulsion ceases. If t.ie patient does not 
improve under this means, give an injection of tepid water, with which 
may be mixed a tal)lespoonful of sweet oil. and a little Castile soapsuds; 
repeat this as often as may be necessary to produce an evacuation of the 

^"'''^'- COXVULSIOXS 

Place the child in a warm bath. If the convulsion has been caused by 
p^.(.r1nnding the stomach, give an emetic of tc!)id water at once; its oper- 




A DAYS <'>L"T1.\G 

Health is the greatest of all possession'^, and 'tis a maxim with nie, thai .1 hale 
i.hhlcr is a better man than a sick IcmK HukersiatY 




LOVE ME LITTLF. I.OVK Ml-: l.OXG. 

O wnman! lovely vvoinan' nature niaiit- ilice 
To teinpcr man: wi- had been brutes willioiit you ! 

Otwav. 



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461 



ation may be hastened by ticL'ing tlie throat with the toatlicrcd ciul of a 
quill. The remedies to be given are as follow - ; 

Nux Vomica— If there has been constipation, colic: spasms arc violent, 
and attended with shrieks; jerking backward of the head; tlie eyes are set.' 
Pulsatilla may be given in alternation. 

Veratrum— If the child is pale and cold; sweat on the forehead. 

Ipecac — If there are atteinpts at vomiting. 

If the spasms are caused by teething, and the gums are red and swollen, 
cut them with a sharp penknife. Belladonna and CotYca may be given in' 
alternation, every ton or tifteen minutes. If there is mucli fever, give 
Aconite, especially if there is great restlessness, crying and starting. ( ,ive 
Chamomilla, if the muscles of the eyes and face twitch convulsively; roll- 
ing of the head from side to side; one cheek red and the other pale. ' Bella- 
donna may be given in alternation, when Chamomilla alnne fails. 

Cina — If convulsions are caused by worms, and tiiere arc spasms of 
the chest, with stiffnes' of the entire body. May follow Mercnrius. or be 
given in alternation with it. 

Ignatia — When the patient starts suddeidy from .deep, with violent 
crying and shrieks. 

Hyoscyamus— For sudden attack- after eating; the child gives a 
shriek, and become.^ insensible; twitching of the nui.scles of the face; 
foaming at the mouth, and great wildness. 

If convulsions appear in the beginning of eruptive fever- a- niradcs. 
scarlet fever, or small ])o.x. give CotTea and .\c<.nite. Alter Uu-e llry- 
onia and Bclladoima. which will generally bring oia the eruption. 

If the convulsion appears during the cour.-e of a fever, -ivi- Belladonna 
if in scarlet fever; Bryonia if in measles. If these do not relieve, give Cup- 
rum in alternation with Belladonna. If not better in two hour-, give 
Stramonium and Cuprum. Convulsions from frigiit re<|'iire ( )!)ium. c-pc- 
cially if there is trembling over the whole body; the clnld lie- as if -tunned; 
breathes heavily like snoring; face almost bine. If the Opium fail-, give 
Stramonium or Ignatia. Hyoscyannis, if there is foaming at tlie mouth 



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and twitching of tlie muscles of the face. When convulsions occur from 
blows, or falls upon the head, give Arnica. 

Sometimes convulsions occur from a cold on the lungs being trans- 
ferred to the head. In such a case, put the child in a warm bath, and 
apply cold water to the head. Persevere in its use, until the trouble 
returns to the lungs, which may be known by the difficult breathing, 
rattling, etc. Internal'y give Belladonna and Cuprum in alternation, after- 
ward CJpium and Camphor. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy selected, dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every 
ten, fifteen, or twenty minutes, according to the urgency of the symp- 
toms. Lengthen the intervals as the child improves. 

DENTITION 

The period of teething is one fraught with considerable danger to 
the infant. Teeth-cutting generally begins between the ages of five and 
seven months. It is indicated by redness, heat, and tenderness of the 
gums, and salivation, commonly called "drooling." Sometimes there is 
watering of the eyes, fever, fretfulness, disturbed sleep. More frequent 
discharges from the bowels. 

General Treatment — When the gums are hoi and swollen, and espe- 
cially if there is a determination of blood to the head, with twitching of 
the mu.scles, the gum should be lanced immediately over the tooth: this 
will generally relieve the symptoms. The chilil may be allowed to bite 
upon some hard substance, as an ivory ring. 

.\conite — May be given when there is much fever, with restlessness and 
pain : the child cries and starts. 

Belladonna — Especially when the child is nervous, head is hot. face 
flushed, gums swollen and red, also when convulsions are threatened, the 
(hild starts from sleep and stares, the pupils of the eyes are dilated, the 
body becomes stifT. 

Chamomilla — Especially good when the child is uneasy and restless 
at nigra, starts at liie leasi noise, twitches and jerks in sleep, redness of 



HOME TREATMEXT 



A'' 



one cheek, moaning and gp.aning. uneasiness, diarrlia-a ul wateiy au.l 
greenish substances. Chaniumilla oiay lie given in alicriiatiun u iih hdla- 
• lonna. • 

Coffea— When the chiM is re^tk-ss. and can not -kv\K lia- -nw: lovrr. 
May he given in alternati(jii uitl. Belladunna. 

Ignatia— If there arc lla.she> of heat with -U'l-lcii ^tarimj; fiuin sleep. 
and piercing cries. If tlie diarrli.ea is yellowi.sli. heoinin- m„mi .u-ierward 
of a whitish color, shniy and curdletl. give CotlVa. Ipecac ..r Calcarea 
Carb. If it is greenish, give .Mercurius. .Magnesia. ( liainomilla, Sidi)lnn-. 

Administration of Remedies— Of the remedy >elected, di>solve six 
globules in si.\ teaspoonfnis of water, and give on. aspoonful of the 
.solution for a dose, every on-,-, two, ihree or four hoin>. according to tin- 
urgency of the case. When tlie globules are given, three or four will 
lie a dose. 

SNUFFLE.S-COI.I) IN' THK Ili:.\n 

This IS a common complaint among children, caused by sji-hi inilani- 
mation of the membrane lining the nose, pnxluced In old. 

Camphor— Is the best remedy for the first syniptnms. If there is 
nothing convenient but the ordinary spirits of Cunpliur, pnt one ,.i- luu 
drops upon a lump of sugar and di^.solvc the sugar in a luin!)ler li.alf full 
of water, and give a teaspoonful every two hours. 

Arsenicum — If Camphor does not relieve, and espccia!l\ if the fnllow- 
mg -symptoms are present: Obstruction of the nose. with ;t discliar-c of 
watery acrid mucus: the discharc:e from the nose produces redne-. an.I 
swelling of the parts. Ifvecac may be given, if this .1,^- not relieve. 

Nu.x Vomica— Especially when there is but little nnnun- in.ni the 
nose; also with heat in the face; constipation. 

Chamomilla— When the difficulty is caused by check. 1 perspiration: 
redness and inflammati<Hi of the eyes; swellin- of die face; child cross and 
fretful. 

If the disease proves obstinate, one of the followin-r mav be .i,dven: 
Beiiauonna. Mercurius, Hepar Sulphur. Pulsatilla, Euphrasia. 



4^4 



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W 



R'^^«m:^ 



-y^'.'.^i'inB 



Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy chosen, dissolve twelve 

globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give one teaspoonful of the 

solution every hour, two, ti. 2e, or four hours, according to the severity 

of the symptoms. 

THRUSH 

This is a disease to which infants are particularly liable within the first 
and second months, or the first year after birth. It is an ulcerative sore 
mouth, and first makes its appearance with a redness of the surface of the 
tongue, and around the gums, anil great dryness of the mouth. Soon 
whitish spots appear, which may increase until they cover the entire surface 
of the mouth. If this state continues for any length of time, the general 
health becomes atTected, and we have the disease e.xtending to the stomach 
and bowels, producing diarrhtca, with feverishness and emaciation. 

Causes — Want of cleanHness is generally the cause of this disease. The 
mouth of the child should be washed out with a wet rag. after every meal, 
especially if nursing from a bottle. Feeding the unfortunate infant with 
sugar and molasses, or allowing it to suck little bags of sugar and bread, 
are other causes. 

General Treatnieiii — The most important thing is to keep the mouth 
of the child clca.. V few grains of Borax dissolved in a teacup of water, 
and used as a wash, will generally be effective. A very nice application is 
to dissolve half a drachm of Borax with one drachm of Glycerine, and one 
ounce of water. These may be used in a mild attack. 

Borax is the best remedy given in the form of pills, twelve of which 
may be dissolved in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and a teaspoonful given 
every three hours. A solution of Borax — a few grains to ihe cupful of 
water — may be used as a gargle, in which case it is not necessary to give 
it in any other form. 

Mercurius — When there is salivation, and a tendency to ulceration. 
This may be followed by Sulphur, if it does not cure. 

Arsenicum — When the mouth and throat become ulcerated, the ulcer.* 
have a livid hue, and there is diarrhoea with great weakness. Give Nitric 
Acid if Arsenicum does not relieve. 



HOMll TREATMENT 



¥'5 



Coffea and Chamoniilla, either in alternation or alone, when the mouth 
is dry, liot, and very red. 

If constipation follows give Xux Vomica, three times a day. The other 
remedies to be given the same as the P>nrax. 



MILK CRL'ST 
(Sec colorril plate.) 

When the disease first appears, and the itching is severe, particularly 
at night, give Aconite, either alone or in alternation (turn about) with 
Chamomilla, a dose every two hours. 

Calcarca Carb. may be given when the eruption is dry. 

If the eruption is moist, the discharge profui^e, and smells badJy. give 
Lycopodium. 

Administration of Remedies— Dissolve twelve globules in twelve tea- 
spoonfuls of water, and when the disea.se first appears, give a teaspoonful 
every three hours. .\s the child improves, give it two or three times a 
day. unless other directions are given with the remedy. If preferred, give 
three globules dry upon the tongue. 

REMITTKNT FflVKR OF INF.WTS 

At the commencement there is generally languor for several days, 
with irritability, nausea; lips dry and parched; he starts in his sleep, and 
there is drowsiness and stupidity. These symptom? increase; there is 
fever, pulse rapid, tongue coated, dry, and red on the margins; extremi- 
ties cold; moans, and grinds his teeth; picks at his no^c, mouth or eyes; 
belly swells, and there is constipation, or diarrhixa of mucus, fetid sub- 
stances; urine looks as if mixed with milk. 

General Treatment — The application of water will be found useful in 
this disease. Inuring the fever, pack the patient in a wet tov.cl or najikin, 
well covered until he perspires; he is then to be taken out and washed with 
tepid water. Tf the head is hot, put cloths, wet in cold water, and well 
wrung out. on the head, changing them frequently. 

Ipecac may be given at first, one globule every three or four hours for 



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a (lay; then Bryonia and Rhus, alternately every three hours (or 
two (lays; then stop the medicine for a day; if the patient is better, give 
Sulphur. Where there are head symptoms, give Belladonna ur Opium, 
one globule every three or four hours. Where there is considerable fever, 
skin hot and dry, yellow, slimy or green diarrha-a, pain in the stomach 
or bowels on pressure, give C!iamomilla or Ipecac; when there is obsti- 
nate constipation, burning heat of the whole body, occasional spasms, 
evidences of trouble of the liver or stomach, give Nu\ Vomica. If there 
are evidences of trouble in the lungs, such as dry, hacking cough, painful, 
anxious, hurried respiration, hot skin, thirst, stitches in the side, nightly 
delirium, give Bryonia. 

Administration of Remedies— Dissolve twelve globules in twelve 
teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every two to four hours, 
according to urgency of symptoms. 

CHOLERA INFANTUM 
(See page 228.) 

This is one of the most dangerous diseases of infancy, and generally 
occurs during the first and second summers. The period of teething is 
more liable to it, on account of the system at that time being in an 
unusually excitable condition. Very slight causes, which at other times 
would produce no effect— as errors in diet, exposure to night air. fatigue 
—at this time produce serious results. The principal cause, however, is 
error in diet. It is highly dangerous to change the food at the period 
of teething, to wean them from the breast, and place them upon artificial 
diet. This should be done only when absolutely necessary. 

Svmploms — The disease may l>e cither sudden or gradnal in its 
api)roach. The child may be attackci suddenly with violent vomiting 
and purging, or ma}- have had, for several days, a slight diarrhd-a The 
stomach becomes so irritable as to thnm off everything taken into it. 
The substance vomited consists of the contents of the stomach, undi- 
gested food, mixed with mucus, and bili»nis matter. 



When cvcrvthins 



has hcen tlim-uT; 



.1,-1-- ---tl t . -~ -^.^.. i » «. ■ •.^♦.■»|,«»irrc 



f';tirtci' Vjc^-^fc 



HOML Ti<i:.iT.\ii:.\r 



467 



and efforts to vomit, without any result. It may occur ulicncvor food 
is taken in, or only two or tlircc timo> a day. The diarrluia i> nno of 
the most important symptoms. The >tools. which at lir>t CDU^i^t nf uiuli 
ycsted food, come to he streaked uiih j;rcci . lii time tlicv Imik like 
chopped-up greens. Thex may lie yelli>\\i.-h. \ery waterv. and the otim 
is decidedly fetid and had. 

There may he also, severe pain, as in dy-entery. ;ind the disch.'ir^e- 
may contain hlood and mucus. There is cun.^iderahle t\\er. (piick pulse. 
mouth Ik I and dry. threat thirst; tonj^nie coated dirty uhite or yllouish 
white, except at the edL;es. which are red: extremities cold; head Imt; exe-' 
sunken; nose poiiUed; features look withered and dried up. like tliose 
of an old person; helly swollen, and sometimes tender tu the touch; fever 
generally worse duriiif; afternoon ami evenintj. 

As very much de])euds upon the diet in the treatment uf this disease. 
if possihie. tlie child should not he weaned until after the second summer. 
When, however, this is done, the diet must he regulated according to tiie 
peculiarities of the child. As there is generally great thirst, the infaiu 
may have as much water as it desires. I"re>h cow's milk is uudouhtedly 
the best thing which can he given. 

The following preparation will he ftnmd e.xcelleiU : Dissolve a tahle- 
spoonful of sugar of milk in three cups of water, hod down to two cups. 
and add one cup of fresh tuilk; let the child eat it while warm. If sugar 
of milk cannot he procured, use loaf sugar; hut the first i> liy far the 
best. Rice flour gruel .sometimes makes ;> good diet. l're]>are as follows: 
"Take one tablespoonful of rice flour, ami one tabic- poouful of milk; stir 
them together, and add a little salt, and nearly a pint of warm water; stir 
well and boil for fifteen minutes; when cold, this is about the tliiokne--s of 
starch; add a little white sugar to sweeten." When the >lom:u!i is very 
weak, take one part cream, to five of water, and to tlii^ mid ;i little arrow- 
root, sago or tapioca, .\nother UKitter of importance is that the child 
should have plenty of fresh air. If lu.^-il.le. take it intu tin- ctjuntry. 
When this cannot be done, let it be earned in the yard, in tlie park, or 
in the street. If the child it too sick. carr\ it on a pillow in a large room 



468 



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which is well ventilated. A tepid bath, occasionally, will also be found 
beneficial. 

Ipecac— This is generally the most important remedy. To be given 
when there is nausea and vomiting, with watery diarrlioca. green or fer- 
mented stools, with white flecks; tongue coated; great thirst. 

Veratrum — Where the attack l.as been violent, and there is great 
exhaustion from vomiting, or when the vomiting cDUies on in paroxysms. 
or from the slightest movement; brownish or watery evacuations, and 
coldness of the extremities; face pale, eyes sunken, great thirst. 

Chamomilla— Mucous or sour vomiting; passages look like stirred 
eggs, or green or slimy, with pains like colic; fever worse at night. Better 
adapted to children when they are cross and fretful from teething. 

Mercurius — Stools attended with colic and strainini;; passages green- 
ish and sour, sometimes mixed with blood ; the child smells sour. Rheum 
is also good for the same symptoms. 

Podophyllin — Cramp-like pains; stools frothy, slimy, and very oflfen- 
sive; child moans in its sleep, and rolls his head. 

Carbo Vcgetabilis — Stools smell putrid, are very thin, and attended 
with burning pain. 

Arsenicum — For great prostration and weakness; nausea; vomiting 
of everything; stools brown, green or yellowish, and very offensive; skin 
dry, or cold and clammy; lips qnd tongue black and cracked; moans in his 
sleep; abdomen hard and swollen. 

Calcarea — For cases of long standing, where there is great emaciation 
and weakness; abdomen hard and swollen; stools mushy and clay-colored; 
skin withered and dry. 

Sulphur — This remedy is indicated in about the same cases as Cal- 
carea. When the disease appears to be afTecting the head. Aconite. 
Hellebore. Belladonna or Bryonia. 

Administration of Remedies — Where the attack is sudden, dissolve 
twelve globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a tcaspoonfu! 
every fifteen minutes or half hour, until the child is better. W'herc the 
case has continued for a long time, give a dose every two or four hours. 



HOME TRli.lTMEM- 



CROLT 
(See page y>i) 

Croup is divided into two furnis: Spasmudic and Mcmbranotts. TIic 
former is sometimes called false croup, and tlic latter the true. Children 
under five years of age are more liable to it than others, althou^jh older 
persons have been attacked, even nj) to seventy years. It is very alanri- 
ing, from the suddenness of its attack, and the (juicknes". with which it 
produces fatal results. 

Causes — It is most frecjuent in col<l. damp climates, and generally 
produced by sudden and freciuent changes in the weather. It is supposed 
by .some to be hereditary, and would certainly appear to be. from the 
fact that the children of some families are always liable to it on the least 
exposure. 

Symptoms — Croup generally commences with symptoms of catarrh, 
or cold in the head; a dry cough, hot skin, cpiick pulse, and thirst; and 
rattling in the throat, and great restlessness at night. The most certain 
symptom is the hoarseness, the patient almost losing his voice. The 
cough is dry and short. These symptoms m.iy continue for a day or two, 
when about midnight the child will be awakened by a violent jjanj.xysm 
of coughing; the cough is hoarse and ringing, and once heard will never 
be forgotten; the breathing is hurried and hissing: the face is nu.>>hed, 
skin hot. and a profuse perspiration breaks out; be tosse> wildlv about 
from one side to the other, with clenched hand^ and protruding eyeballs. 
As morning approaches the symptoms decline, ami the child may fall 
to sleep. 

During the day he may appear a ell. excc])t a slight hoarseness, and 
perhaps some fever. Toward evening, however, the boarscnc.-s increases, 
and he will be awakened from sleep, as on the night before, by a more 
violent paroxysm than the first. The cough becomes more strangulating 
and difficult; the obstruction to the passage of air is increased; the face 
assumes a dark, leaden, dusky hue; the pulse is feeble; the voice broken 
and suppressed; the head is thrown back to enable the sufferer to breathe. 



MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 



1 2.0 



.8 





A -^IPPLIED INAHGE 

J^r^ '6S-5 Eost Mam Street 

S^S Rochester, Ne* York U609 UV 

'■^SS (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

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470 



HOMll r RE ATM EXT 



ami the face is puffed; the muscles of the neck, chest and abdomen, arc 
brought into powerful action, and the breathing is loud and hissing; the 
child throws himself about the bed. seeking in vain for relief, and his 
whole appearance is one of intense agony and suffering; he grasps at his 
throat as if to tear away the obstruction ; drowsiness slowly comes on. the 
breathing is interrupted ; he gasps convulsively, and death closes the hor- 
rible scene. 

Croup may. however, come on very suddenly, the child going to bed 
in perfect health, and be attacked in the night. This form is not so 
dangerous, unless allowed to run on without efforts being made to stop 
it. Again, the child may have a hoarse, croupy cough for several days, 
and at the time when the parents are least expecting it, he will be seized 
with a violent paroxysm, which may terminate fatally. An attack of 
croup may last from twenty-four hours to fifteen days. When compli- 
cated with bronchitis, pneumonia or after scarlet fever, measles or quinsy, 
it is much more dangerous. 

When the first symptoms of croup make their appearance, such as 
hoarse cough, with fever, give Aconite and Spongia in alternation, every 
hour. If, however, the child is awakened from sleep, with the peculiar 
crowing, barking cough of croup, give Tartar Emetic and Spongia in 
alternation, every ten or fifteen minutes. A warm bath is beneficial when 
the symptoms are severe. It should be about 96 degrees at first, and 
gradually made warm by the addition of hot water. When taken from 
the bath, he should be wiped dry, quickly, and well wrapped up. Cloths 
wet in cold water applied to the throat, and covered with flannel, will 
be found of great service. For the ringing, moist and loose cough, which 
remains after the violence of the paroxysm has subsided, give Spongia 
and Hepar in alternation, every hour. 

When the cough is loose, and there is rattling of mucus in the throat 
and chest, and spitting of thick phlegm, give Tartar Emetic in alterna- 
tion with Hepar Sulphur, half an hour, or an hour apart. For the hoarse- 
ness remaining after an attack, and to prevent a return the following 
ni^ht. give Phosphorus or Hepar Sulphur, a dose every two or four hours. 



UuMli TREATMEXT ^7, 

When the attack has l,cc.„ne very viuk.u. and t!,cre i> evidence- of ,he 
ormafon of a false membrane, and the child . ti.eatened ui.h .nf.uca- 
t.on. g,ve Kah Bichromacum. A small pow.ler should be ,iven every 
three or five mintUes. If this does not relieve. ,,ne .\r.enicun,, and nse 
liot apphcat.ons to the throat. When the b>-eathincr is verv labored 
wheezing, rough cough, gasping for air. great danger of sn.Tocation' 
give Bromme. Phosphorus alone, or in alternation with LacheMs. i. also 
valuable in these severe forms. 

Administration of Remedies-[f the remedv is in -lobules ,li..,|ve 
nvelve. m twelve teaspoonfuls of water. If i„ powder. ,i,n\e a pon; „ the 
size of a small pea. 

Diet— This should be oatmeal gruel, barlev water, toast water or 
milk. 

WHOOPIXG COL-GH 

CSi-e p.ige 27 i.) 

This is a contagious disease, occurring generallv but once in the s.ime 
person. The complaint commences with hoarseness, sneezin^^ and other 
symptoms of a cold. It is characterized by a convulsive paroxvs,,, of 
cough, which is attended with hissing breathing, an.l rattling 'in the 
wmdp.pe. the convulsive breathing attended by a whooping sound, until 
a quantity of thick, ropy mucus is thrown up. when the breathing is 
again free. During the paroxysms of coughing the chiurs face is red, 
and there is sweating about the head, and agitation of the whole body- 
blood sometimes starts from the nostrils, and he i.ivoiuntarilv passes 
water, or evacuates the bowels. 

A very valuable remedy is Mephitis Tutorius. A dose mav be given 
every four hours. Drosera is another valuable remedv. especiallv when 
the following symptoms are present: Dry. .-pasnio.lic cough, worse at 
night; when coughing, the child presses it^ hand up-n the pit of the 



quick Miccession. 



stomach: severe f^ts of coughing following each other in ., 

with hemorrhage from the mouth and nose: cough excited bv talking, 
or laughing; expectoration of thick, tough phlegm. 

Coralha— May be given in some cases with great benelii 



47a 



HOME TREATMENT 



Aconite — May be given when thfre is much fever, with short, dry 
cough, and pain in the chest. This remedy may be given in alternation 
with Bryonia or Phosphorus, especially when there is threatened inflam- 
mation of the lunt,'s. 

Tartar Emetic — When at the commencement, there is hard, suffo- 
cating cough, and when there is rattling of mucus in the chest, paroxysn:s 
of cough, with immediate danger of suffocation, cough caused by tickling 
in the throat, short fits of coughing following in quick succession. Ipecac 
will be beneficial where the same symptoms are present. 

Chamomilla — Wheezing and rattling at each inspiration, cough 
excited by an irritation of the windpipe, the child is cross and fretful. 

Cuprum — Frequent fits of coughing with stiffness of the whole body, 
and rattling of mucus in the windpipe, prostration after a fit of coughing. 

Other remedies are Carbo Veg., Dulcamara, Cina, Belladonna, Mer- 
cury, Opium, Hellebore. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy chosen, dissolve twelve 

pills in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every two, 

three, or six hours. 

COLIC 

This is a very frequent and troublesome disorder of infants. It is 
frequently caused by cold, or by some mental emotion of the mother, 
affecting the milk. The child screams, kicks and draws up its legs. Fre- 
quently there is stoppage of the urine. 

Chamomilla — May be given, especially if there is swelling of the abdo- 
men, the child cries, twists the body and draws up its knees, coldness of 
the extremities. If in addition to these symptoms there is nausea, vomit- 
ing and diarrhoea, rumbling of wind and shivering, give Pulsatilla. 

If the bowels are constipated, give Nux \'oniica. If the discharges 
are fermented, and have a putrid odor, give Ipecac. If the evacuations 
are of a sour smell, give Rheum. When it is caused by worms, give 
Cina, Sulphur, Mercurius. If there is restlessness, sleeplessness and fever- 
ish heat, and crying, give Coffea and Belladonna, in alternation (turn 
about). A tepid bath will frequently relieve the sufferings of the infant. 



HOME TRn.!TM/:XT 

Ach.inistratio„ of Remcciies-Put two or three ,,lol>uIes .Irv npon .he 
tongue, or dissolve twelve globules in tuehe ten^poonfu's of " or \ 
give a teaspoonful at a dose rcoaun^ .u-.t ,; '^ °"'"'^ "^ ''•'^'■'- ■^•"' 
or hour. repeating e\ory fifteen minutes, half hour 

DIPHTHERIA 
(See chapter "DiMM^o. of Children ") 

This disease is a comparatively new one, with the character of which 
we have been but little acquainted until within the last few ^ar t 

extremely dangerous, and is contagious, and infectious. I . ek . 
ages but principally the young. an<i among these especi.ll tl,rf„M 
iooded neshy children. Adults are se.donA.ccte<i ll^^'J^ t 
by re-mfection from others. 

Causes-These are seldom fully un.lerstood. Rv some it is consid 
ered a ma gnant form of croup <,.ut it M.r. very uuich ron t ^ 
uhile by others ,t is looked upon as a s cics of Scarlet Fever It ' 
however, a disease affecting the whole constitution, but makin<. its f' 
manifest particularly in the throat. '' 

General Treatment-The patient should he placed in a drv. well- 

No one should be allowed in the room except the attendants. To coua- 
Turlega^ ' ' ' '''' " '''-' ^" •■••^ '-'-• '^^'- "^ ^■'•'"-^- "f >'•- 

disease. Mercur>— Arc the principal remedies in tliis 

Aconite ar elladonna-In alternation, if the disease commences 
VMth a fever, every hour a teaspoonful. until the fever subsides If how- 
ever, the symptoms grow worse, other remedies should be resorted to 
Belladonna. Kali Chloricum. Kali Bi-Chromicum an<! Rin-IodideOf Mer- 
cury constitute the remaining reme.lies. Of the first three .nve* five 
drops of Belladonna, twenty drops of Kali Chloricum. and half a grain 
of the powder of Kali Bi-Chromicum. each in a tumbler half full of u^ter 
one or two teaspoonfuis at a dose. Of the Mercury, which is also in' 



474 



HOME TREATMEXT 




powder, give a close about the size of a small a. In the beginning give 
Belladonna, the next hour Kali Chloricnni. the third hour Kali Bi-Chr(»ni- 
icum, the fourth hcur Bin-Iodide of Mercury, and the fifth hour ['.clla- 
donna again, and ^'j on. If the patient is better, or' but little worse, the 
next day the intervals bf'twcen the remedies may be lengthened to two 
hours, and afterward to three hours. When the throat symptoms have 
all disappeared, the last remedies may be omitted, and the three first 
given until all trace of the disease has vanishetl. 

The Bi-Chromate of Potassa is, by some, recommended to be given 
in this d'sease. and is best administered by placing in a small tin teapot 
two or tnree grains of the powder, pouring in a half cup of hot water, the 
patient inhaling the vapor as it passes through the spout. 

The diet should be carefully regulated, and the patient should be 
closely watched; as soon as the pulse begins to flag, and the skin to get 
cool, and symptoms of prostration to show themselves, stimulants should 
be resorted to. For children the best stimulant is whey, or beef tea. 

The soft part of oysters raw or stewed, make a good svdjstitute when 
the patient is tired of beef tea. As a drink, the patient may be given 
barley water, toast water, made sour with a little lemon juice, or cold 
water, to which has been added a little raspberry or strawberry syrup. 
Ice and ice cream should be allowed, especially during convalescence. As 
a gargle, salt and water is much used, and bandages dipped in a solution 
of salt and water should be applied to the throat, or slices of fat bacon 
may sometimes be used in the same way, with benefit. 



CHICKEN POX 
(See chapter "Diseases of Children.") 



For the fever and headache, give Aconite and Belladonna, alternately 
(turn about). 

If there is aching of the bones, and bilious symptoms, give Bryonia 
and Rhus, alternately. 

For restlessness and nervous excitement, disturbed sleep, etc., give 



HOME TKn.irMiixr 



\7S 



if 11.. cn,p,i„„ i, „ry scvm.. ,;i„ Tar,r„ i;,ua„- 

A, „,„„s„..„i„„ „, U„„,.lK.._ni,„„,,, ,„,,„, ,,„, ,„„ ,, , 

.h-o 1,0 ,ov„. I,.„iad,c, rc.s,lcss„c.>,-. .,... a ,,„.. ,„a, ,,. ,...„ „;„;; 

CAXKER OF TIIK MoLTll 

This form of sore monti, is .cuTally f..nn,l i„ .„il,Ircn. of fn.n, ,..• 
to ten vcars of ,,,,, an.l by sonu- i, is cunM.lcrcl conta-Mo,. ,. J , 
-nflammauon of the nu.cous „,e,n,,rane of th. „,.„„„. .:.,.„ „ e" 
P-re.. out a yellowish m,i.,. uh.ch .ss.ncs a v.-y ,.s,r.,ctiv. , 

.f allowed to jro on. causinj,^ deep. .lark sores 

o play or move al.out. loss of appetite, thirst. ,,n,.-n. heco.nin,. wo!'cn 
pongy. and bleeding when touched, the internal surface ,.f the h , 

and gtuns are spotted with patches of false n,en,bra„e. under uhid. 

appears ulcers. In .some cases, the false me„,brane is wa„tin,^ the tdcers 

presenting a greyish or livid appearance. 

swolle^i ''r'','"' '"T- "'' •'^'""'^ "■"'■''^"' '^^"^'-'^'^ ^I'^- i='- ''— • 
suollen, hard and pamful. the breath hecomin,- verv ofTensive. and the 

secrenon of the saliva being very nn.ch increased. Son^etimes the tec.. 
may be loosened and fall out. There may be a copious discharge of otVcn- 
.ve bloody matter from the n,outh. and the breath n,av beconu. .rv 
fetul almost gangrenous. The moven,e.Us of the ja^v are stiff and 
swallowmg ,s mterfc.ed with, accon,panied with soreness of the neck and 
throat. The patient loses strength rapidly, and becomes verv nuuh 
prostrated. 

Merculy-This remedy is indicated in almost everv case, and n.ay 
always be gn-en at the commencement of the .lisease. except when it is 
caused by Mercury, in which case, give Carbo Vegetabilis, Hepar Sulphur, 
or Aitric Acid. 



476 



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Nux Vomica — Ulcers putrid and painful, swelling of the gums, there 
being fetid ulcers all over the surface of the mouth, accompanied by con- 
stipation. 

Arsenicum — Ulceration of the margins of tlic tongue, with violent, 
burning pains, gums swollen and easily bleeding, great restlessness, and a 
desire to drink frequently. 

Capsicum — Especially for persons of full habit, in quiet life, and where 
there are blisters or vesicles on the tongue, togethi r with swelling of the 
gums. 

Nitric Acid — If Mercury does not relieve, or if the gums are swollen, 
looking whitish and bleeding easily, accompanied with looseness of the 
teeth, salivation, and putrid odor from the mouth. 

Carbo Vegetabilis — Ulceration of the gums and tongue, with profuse 
bleeding, accompanied by a burning sensation, and excessive fetidness of 
thp ulcers. 

Sulphur — To be given at the end of the cure, when there is swelling 
of the gums, together with beating pain, blisters which burn when eating, 
offensive or sour smell from the mouth, constipation, or green, slimy 
diarrhcea. 

As a wash use cold water, or sometimes lemon juice or sage tea; a 
weak solution of brandy and water will also prove beneficial. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy chosen dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give a teaSpoonful every 
two, three, or four hours, according to the violence of the symptoms. 




MEASLES 
(See chapter "Diseases of Children.") 

This disease occurring generally in childhood, although it sometimes 
attacks grown persons, who are liable to have it more severely than chil- 
dren. One attack will generally secure the person agninst another. It 
is a contagious disease, and requires from seven to twenty days after 
exposure for its appearance. 

Note. — If the Measles is malignant, showing symptoms of putrid fever, 







SALT WATER BATHS I-'OR HEALTH AND BE.\UTV. 






MOTHERHOOD. 

"The mother, in her office, holds the key 
Of the soul; and she it is who stamps the coin 
Ot character." 






1 10 Mr. TRn.iTMEsr ,^ 

479 

crup ton com.ng and ^o.nfc^ a c.rnpetct physician shonl 1 1.c called ' 

Ulvcn the attack .s mild. Aconu and Pulsatilla ,.ve„ i„ alternation 
(•lose, four s:IobnIes) every two or three hn„rs. uill ^H„eraIIv he all that 
W.II be rcc.u,red. If there is tn,nl>.e with the .tun,ach ,Mve an ocoas.unal 
dose of Ipecac or Belladonna. When the throat is sore. drv. and pan,fnl 
ilunnj; swallowing: thirst and spasmodic c. .,,d,; also when' there .s con- 
gestion of the head with !»«!, fever, rcstlessno.s and .lelirinm 

Aconite an,! Bryonia shonid he j,nvcn in alternation .twelve ^dohules 
dissolved n, twelve leaspoonfuls of water, and a teaspoonft.I at a .lose) 
every two or three hours, when there is violent, drv congh. with shooting 
pams m the chest, indicating bronchitis or pneumonia. 

Ipecac an.l Bryonia in alternation every half hour or hour if the 
eruption does not come out well, or strikes in su.ldenlv. with paleness and 
sickness at the stomach. Euphrasia-when the eye's are inflamed and 
watery. 

During an epidemic o' Measles, it is recommended to give a dose (four 
globules) of Pulsat-ha every night, wi.-ch will either prevent an attack or 
make it much milder. 

Administration of Remedies-When the dose is not mentioned with 
the remedy, dissolve twelve globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and 
give a teaspoonful every two or three hours. 

SCARLET RASH 

This is a different disease from scarlet fevtr, althou-h sometimes mis- 
taken for It, and also for measles. The eruption of scarlet rash consists 
of minute grain-like elevations, v ich can be easilv felt bv passing the 
hand over the surface, while the eruption of scarlet fever is perfec Iv 
smooth. '■' 

Causes— Children of any age are liable to it. although it is found 
oftener in infants. It may be caused by irritation o' the stomach and 
bowels, by sudden changes in the weather, by the sudden suppression of 



ft ^' 



48o 



IIOMU TREATMENT 








f erspiration, by the use of cold drinks when tlic body is licatcd. and !>> 
violent exercise. It is not contagious. 

Symptoms— The eruption is generally preceded by chilliness, alici- 
nating with heat, weakness, heaviness and fullness of the head, restlessness. 
heat and dryness of the skin, loss of appetite, etc. These symptoms dis- 
appear as soon as the t.uption shows itself, which will generally i»c about 
the third or fourth day. Scarlet ra:!i may be distinguished from scarlet 
fever by the facts, that in scarlet fever the eruption is of a bright red or 
scar; t. and is spread uniformly over the surface: in scarlet rash the 
eruption is much darker, being sometimes almost purple, is spread over 
the body in irregular circular patches, and on being pressed with the 
finger. leaves no white imprint. In scarlet fever we have a sore throat, 
and in scarlet rash none. Scarlet rash may be distinguished from -aslcs 
by the fact that in the latter we have symptoms of catarrh, such as run- 
ning at the nose, eyes, etc. 

Treatment— In ordinary cases the only remedy necessary is Aconite, 
which may be given in alternation (turn about) with Coflfea, when there 
are irritability anil restlessness. 

If there are nausea and vomiting, give Ipecac or Pulsatilla. 

In case the rash suddenly disappears give Ipecac and Bryonia in al' .- 
nation (turn about) every half hour, or hour, a dose, at the same time 
covering the patient well. 

If there appears to be congestion of the head with drowsiness, give 
Opium. If there be sudden startings, bloodshot eyes, and fullness of the 
head, give Belladonna. 

Administration of Remedies— Dissolve twelve globules in twelve tea- 
spoonfuls of water, and give a teaspoonful every one, two, or three hours, 
according to the severity of the symptoms. 

SCARLET FEVER 
(See chapter "Diseases of Children.") 

In the treatment of this disease the remedy of the greatest importance 
is Belladonna. It is to be given in all forms and stages of the disease, and 




- 0. 



HOM^ TKr.\TML\'T 



^i 



hi St. d . red or ul„„.h-cuatc.l tunguc; .hruat an.l ,u„>ils .In „„ll. 
ami suollcn: d.ftlcult, ..f swallouing; ,,,.,.!„,. ..f „„. am-ric-s i a 

sl'oofng pa.ns. wh.ch are aggravatcl in motion: loss of appctit. ...d 
-us^ and vonming: violcn, congh; dr,. ...rnin, „.at of s^il, . ■ ;^ 
from sleep: great ag.tat.on. an<l t.. ng al.on.: strict ernption o., ,.,. fao' 
an.l over the whole body. In .se.c cases .he Hclladonna n,av he g" .* 

a dose may be given every two or three hours 

Ifthe fever is high, pulse rapi.I a„<l full, drv heat, head hot. .rent 
ag, at.on. g.ve Aconite in alternation (turn about) with Belladonna ^erv 
hour \\ hen the pat.ent is better under this treatment during the da^ 
but the symptoms increase at night with restlessness and slccpic>s„o.V 
give CofTea and Belladonna, every hour alternately (turn about) until the 
patient is composed. 

When there is great drowsiness and to.ssing about, tongue -v drv 
swelling of the glands of the neck, skin shining on ,he face, head ihrown 
back, and almost constant delirium, give Rhus Tox. and Belladonna overv 
hour alternately. 

Mercurius may be given in alternation every hour, with ndladonna 
when there are ulceration of the tonsils, swelling of the glands of the .Kck 
great quantity of saliva running from the mouth, an.l offensive breath 
If no improvement takes place in twelve hours, give Xitric Acid the same 
as Mercury. If, however, the symptoms continue to grow wor.e after 
having given the Nitric Acid six or eight hours, and the discharge from 
the mouth IS very oflfensive. give Arsenic and Lachesis alternatelv everv 
hour, a dose until the patient is better. Opium mav be given wlirn the 
breathing resembles snoring; starting or constant deiir jm: face puffed 
and red; burning heat of skin, with or without perspiration. 

When the eruption strikes in, or the skin assumes a livid, bluish hue, 



482 



HOME TREATMENT 





give Bryonia and Belladonna in alternation (turn about) every half hour. 
If tl'.cse afford no relief, give Ipecac or Camphor. 

Sulpliur is a valuable remedy, and should be given (an occasional dose) 
when the skin begins to peel off. When the symptoms calling for Bella- 
donna tlo not yield promptly to that remedy, give an occasional dose of 
Sulphur. 

If symptoms of croup appear, give Aconite and Hepar Sulphur, a 
dose every hour, alternately. 

For Earache, after Scarlet Fever, give Pulsatilla, a dose every one or 
two hours, according to the severity of t'.e symptoms. If this affords no 
relief, give Belladonna and Hepar Sulphur in alternation. 

For running from the ears, give Pulsatilla, a dose every six hours, for 
three or four days: when, if not better, give Calcarea or Silicea, in the 
same manner. If after the disease the child shows symptoms of dropsy 
of the brain (head hot, extremities cold, sleeps with eyes half open, vomits 
on moving), give Bryonia and Hellebore alternately (turn about) every 
two hours, until the symptoms arc better. 

When the whole body swells give Belladonna and Hellebore, alter- 
nately every two hours, and afterward Bryonia. Rhus, or Apis Mellifica. 

When, before the eruption comes out, there are convulsions, give 
Belladonna and Cuprum in alternation, a dose every fifteen minutes. 

Administration of Remedies — Of the remedy chosen dissolve twelve 
globules in twelve teaspoonfuls of water, and give one teaspoonful at a 
dose, every half hour, hour, or two hours, according to the severity of the 
symptoms. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



Abdomen, Increased Size of 119 

Abdomen, Stretching of 119 

Abdomen, Muscular Pains of 112 

Ablutions in Labor i6t') 

A Boon to Woman 158 

Abortion 175 

Abortion, a Murder 179 

Abortion, Danger of 180 

Abortion, No Apology for 179 

Accidents 330 

Accomplishments, Female 363 

Acid Fruit Drinks 3^8 

Advice to a Mother 27 

Affection, Filial 57-63 

Afterbirth, How to Remove the 168 

Affection, Enlargement of 56 

A Great Mistake 26 

Age of Puberty, The 30 

Amusements 64 

Antipathy for Food 255 

Appearance, Personal 377 

Appetite in Pregnancy 107-156 

Apples, Value of 159 

Apple Tea 348 

Arteries 30 

Artificial Foods 216 

Awkward Persons 389 

483 



B 

PACK 

Baby's First Xecd 210 

Baldness, How to Cure 383 

Bandage After Labor i;^ 

Barley Coffee, How to Make 344 

Barley Soup ^^^ 

Barley Water ,55 

Bath, The Air .VS6-380 

Bath, The Caliinet ^:;g 

Bath. The Eye Yn 

Bath. The Foot ^fio 

Bath, The Xose 360 

Bath, The Oil 356 

Bath, The Plunge 360 

nath. The Shallow 359 

Bath, The Sitz 359 

Bath, The Sponge 356 

Bath. Turkish 157 

Bath'"!? 330 

Bathing of Children J47 

Bathing of Infants jir 

Bathing. General Rules for 355 

Beautifier. Nature's Greatest 38^) 

Beauty, Decay of 386 

Beauty, Female 377 

Beauty, Impaired by Disease 34 

Beauty of Face and Feature 377 

Beauty, True Basis of 3^-32 



484 



ALPHABETICAL LXDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



PAQB 

Bee Sting, How to Treat 335 

Beef Tea 350 

Bibbs, For Health's Beauty 220 

Bladder. Attention to in Labor 165 

Bladder. Inflammation of 320 

Blcshing to Humanity 27 

Blood, Color of 25 

Blood, Circulation of 208 

Blood, Currents of 25 

Blood, How Purified 385 

Blood-vessels 28 

Body, Exhalations from 353 

Body, Development 385 

Body, Impurities of 36 

Boil, Treatment of 278 

Bowed Legs 255 

Bowels, Large 281 

Bowels, Neglect of 289 

Bowels, Before Confinement 166 

Bowels, Protrusion of 281 

Boy. A Perfect 35 

Boys, Our 35 

Boy or Girl. Which 304 

Brain. The 37 

Brain. Cure For Water on 260 

Brain. Softening of 321 

Brain. Water on the 260 

Bre.-ist. The 27-84-232 

Breast, Gathered 239 

Breast, How to Treat Gathered 240 

Breast. Inflamed 322 

Breast Pumps 234 

Breast, Remedy for Full 234 

Breath, OflFensive 427 

Breathing 25 

Breathing Exercises 386 

Breathing Properly 162 

P.right's Disease 309-329 



PAOB 

Broiled Beef Pulp 363 

Bronchitis, How Cured 266 

Brown Bread, Value of 294 

Bruise. How to Treat 336 

Bryonia. How to Use 393 

Budding Childhood 31 

Burdockroot Tea 350 



Calcarea Carb. How to Use 394 

Cancer of the Womb 197 

Canker of Mouth 475 

Catarrh 312-420 

Chafing 225 

Change 26 

"Change of Life" 200-396 

Change of Life. Diet for 203 

Change of Life in a Man 207 

Change of Life Not to be Dreaded. . . . 201 

Change of Life, Symptoms of 200 

Chamomilla, How to Use 393 

Character. How Best Formed 47 

Characteristics, One-sided 143 

Charlie's Case 38 

Chicken Broth 353 

Chicken Po.x 273-473 

Chilblains 2S4 

Childbirth, How made Painless 153 

Childbirth, Mother's Joy in 153 

Childbirth, Natural 154 

Childbirth. Essentials for Painless.... 161 

Child-crowing 265 

Child, Weaning of 242 

Children, Diseases of 245 

Children, Limiting Number of 303 



ALPHABETICAL IXDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



485 



• 394 
. 197 
. 475 

12-420 

, . 225 
. 26 

X)-396 
. 203 
. 207 
. 201 
. 200 

• 393 
47 

1-13 
33 
353 
■3-473 
2S4 
153 
153 
154 
161 
265 
242 
• 245 
303 



Children, Training of 56 

Cliina and Carbo Veg, How to Ujc ... 394 

Choice of Profession ^3 

Choking, How to Overcome 332 

Chloroform, Value of 172 

Chlorosis, Treatment of 96-394 

Cholera. Asiatic ^n 

Cholera Infantum, How to Treat.. 228-466 

Cholera Morbus ^^g 

Cholera, Simple 3, , 

Chorion g2 

Circulation of the Blood 208 

Circumcision 

Cleanliness 

Clitoris 

Clumsiness 

Coffea. How to Use 

Colds 

Colic 



41 

30 

72 

36s 

396 

312 

313-431-472 

Companionship .g 

Complexion, How Perfected 35 

Complexion, How Sunlight Aflfects 379 

Compresses, Wet 361 

Conception, Manner of 59 

Conception, When it Takes Place... 77-81 

Conception, How Prevented 304 

Confidences 26 

Confinement, Dress for 167 

Confinement, When Take Place 128-129 

Confinement, Stages of Labor 165 

Confinements, Succeeding 234 

Confinement, Treatment After 160 

Congenial Spirits 46 

Consideration, A Husband's 58 

Constipation 287-444 

Constipation, A Slow Poison 287 

Constipation, Exercises for. 278-299-300-304 
Constipation, How Overcome 296 



ConMmiption, liarly Stages of ^ ^5 

C()n>um[)tii)n, I'lnind.uidii uf ,7 

Consumption. How to Cure ^.y 

Consumption, Signs of ,,(-, 

Contagion, How to Prcvint... 

Convulsions 

Convulsions, Treatment for 

Corns 

Corpulency. Cure for ,^,7 

Corset Crimes 

Cough 

Courtship 

Cramps 

Creative Principle 

Crocus, How to Use ^g- 

Croup 2r)3-4(H, 

Croup, Cure For ,(11 

Crust Coffee ,^3 

Culture Before Birth 



. 273 

219-458 
^. . 220 
.^3 



■•• 3'>5 
••• 313 
••• 45 
310-455 
. .. 27 



141 



Dandruff. To Remove 38^ 

Daughter's Companion. A 27 

Deformed Figures 364 

Deformities, How to Correct ^o 

Delayed Menstruation 392 

Dentition 210-462 

Dentition and its Dangers jiq 

Dentitions, Eruptions During 221 

Dentition. Second 259 

Depression. Attacks of 236 

Desirable Traits in Women 47 

Despair of the World. The 391 

Development 27 

Development of Figure 30 



486 



ALPHABETICAL LWDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



PAGK 

Diabetes 310 

Diarrhoea 1 12-1 13-313-445 

Diet After Labor 1-4-168 

Diet During Pregnancy 155 

Diphtheria, Treatment of 268-269-473 

Diseases, How to Arrest 391 

Disease Fatal to Beauty 34 

Diseases, How to Prevent 306-391 

Diseases Peculiar to Women 181 

Divinity 27 

Doctor in the Home 391 

Domestic Enjoyment 63 

Dress for Children 248 

Dress, Hygienic 184-213 

Drinking at Meal-time 295 

Dwelling Place 25 

Dysentery 447 

Dyspepsia 314-401-403-434 



Easy Confinements 166 

Earache 322-419 

Ear, Gatherti' 278 

Ear, To Remove Foreign Bodies from. 335 

Ea ^e and Grace 385 

Eating Between Meals 254 

Education 48 

Effect of Iodine 38 

Embryo 82 

Embryo. Development of 82 

Embryo, Growth of 84-85-86-87 

Embryo, Nourishment of 83-89 

Embryo, Thirty Days Old 85 

Enemas 205 



PAGE 

Enemas for Infants 226 

Entire Wheat Bread 294 

F-i>'l<-"p^y 317 

Erysipelas 314 

Eternal Endeavors 24 

Exercise 32 

Exercise for an Infant 222 

Experiment, An 38 

Eye, Accidents to 331 

Eye, The 24 

Eyes, Bad Effects of Belladonna 3-3 

Eyes, Brilliancy of 373 

Eyes, Expression of 372 

Eyes, To Remove Foreign Bodies from. 318 

Eyebrows, How to Beautify 374 



Face and Features 377 

Face, The Blanched Cheek 33 

Face Eruptions, How Cured 371 

Fainting 320 

Falling Womb, Treatment for. . 75-191-397 

Fallopian Tubes 28-78 

Fallopian Tf.bes, Description of 76 

Fallopian Tubes, Office of 7S 

False Labor Pams 127 

False Modesty 37 

False Notions 30 

Fathers of the Next Generation 35 

Felon 31S 

Female Accomplishments 3'iJ 

Ferrum, How to Use 304 

Fibrous Tissue 28 

Fine Clothes 26 



PAGX 

294 

3^7 

314 

■24 

3-J 

222 

38 
331 

24 
373 
373 
372 
318 
374 



377 

33 

371 

3-20 
191-307 

28-;8 

rc 

7S 
1^7 

37 

30 

35 

3if^ 

3'^- 

304 

28 

2b 



'ALPHABETICAL L\DEX TO SUBJECTS. 



PAHB 

First Step-i, Little Feet jm 

Flaxseed Lcinoiiadc ^4^ 

Flooding at Ciiildbirth 168 

Flooding, "Cliangc of Life" 202.104 

Fluids of Life 24 

Foetal Circulation 8<) 

Foetus, Development ot 8j 

Food of Foods 218 

Foods, Ar« ficial 216-217-J18 

Fresh Air Tonic 184 

Fruit Diet, The 159 



Garden Culture - 256 

Garters, Effect of 2-:ji 

Generation. Organs of 28 

Germ, A 27 

Germ, The Life jy 

Gestation, Period of 128 

Girls, How to Help Them '. . . 

Goitre 318 

Good Features 30 

Good Manners 26 

Gout ^if) 

Graafian Follicles 77 

Gf^vel 318 

Green Sickness 394 

Groin Rupture 212 

Growing Girls 230 

Gruel 343 

Gruel. Arrowroot 345 

Gruel, Barley 344 

Gruel, Cracker 345 

Gruel, Egg 345 



Cruel, Farina 

Gnicl, Iiiduin .M(.;ii. .. 

Gruel, Oatmeal. .. 

(iuiii Bi)il 

GuniN How to Treat. 
Gum Water 



487 

p«nie 

34.1 

■ .544 

• 345 
.P3 

210 

• .?47 



Gymnastics 3,^5 



H 



I f ahit<. Good .111(1 Rid 

Hair 

Hair. How to Dros 

Hair. Loss of 

Hair, Prcserv.Tiioii of 

Hair, Rc^torati\c for 

Hair, Slianipoo for 

Hair. Tonic^ for 

Hair. To Prevent (ictting Gray 

Hand. Ma-tcr of Detail tiie 

Hands, How to Care for 

Happiiu'^s and Love 

I lay Fever 

Hcad.ichc 319-413-414-416 

Hcahh Broad 

Hcaltliful Drt-s 

Hcaltlifiil .'^uRgestions 

Health. Natural 

Health. Promoted 'ly Bathing 

Heart. The 

Heartburn iit-117- 

Heart Disca'^e. Foundation of 

Heart, Palpitation 125- 

Helpmate 

Herb Teas 



258 
.182 
.^2 
384 

,?82 

382 

:«<2 

,?«3 

24 
375 

4.5 

31,- 
■455 
354 
.12 
202 

rx> 

355 
24 

.VS 
37 

320 

57 
349 



488 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



VACC I 

Heredity 54-66 

Heredity, How to Overcome 66 

Hiccoughs 28 

Highest Ideal, The 26 

Hives 229 

Home Remedies ;gi 

"Home Sweet Home" 55 

Home, The Kingdom of Woman 64 

H->usework 32 

How to Prevent Disease 306-391 

How to Produce a Poet or Inventor. .. 138 

Human Effort 45 

Human Happiness 45 

Husband and Wife, Adaptation of 58 

Husband's Duty in the House 55 

Hymen 29 

Hysteria 320-41 1 



Ideal i''ace and Features 377 

Imperfections, How to Eradicate 363 

Improvement for the Race 70 

Infant. Diet for 215-218 

Infant, Hygienic Dress for 213 

Infant, Wants Required by 225 

Inflammation of Lungs 398 

' Inflammation of Stomach 436 

Inflammation of Bowels 438 

Infants 209 

Injections 295 

Irish Moss Lemonade 349 

Irritation of Skin 411 

Itching of Private Parts 452 

Invalids, Dishes for 343 



rtam 

Jaundice 333 

Jealousy 48 

Jelly and Ice 349 

Jelly, Irish Moss 347 

Jelly, Restorative 347 

Jelly, Rice 346 

Jelly, Tapioca 347 



Ket ping Control of One's-self 68 

Kidneys, Inflammation of 308 

Kindergarten, The 257 

Know Thyself.'. 26 



Labor, Pains of , 168 

Labor, Oief after 174 

Labor, Preparations for 171 

Labor, Stages of in Childbirth 165-166 

Labor, Symptoms of 163 

Labor, Without a Doctor 166 

La Grippe 328 

Laxative Medicines 288 

Lemonade, As a Beverage 349 

Leucorrhea 198 

Leucorrhea, Treatment of 199 

Life 21 

Life Hath Snares. , 33 



PAoa 
• 323 

48 
349 
347 
347 
346 
347 



68 

308 

2S7 
26 



168 

174 

i;i 
55-166 

165 
166 
328 
288 
349 
198 
199 

2' 

33 






ALPHABETICAL IS 

PAOE 

Life. The Elixirs of /lO 

Life, The MyNtiT) of 1/) 

Life, The Scat of (jo 

Like Begets Like j^j 

Limbs. Phimp _^j 

Living Truths 3- 

Lotion., for the Skin 580 

Love. Natural 4^ 

Love of Woman >(, 

Love. The Sun of Life 46 

Love. Woman's 46 

Lungs, Inflammation of 2(iS 

Lycopodium, How to Use jgj 



DLX TO SflUlLCTS. 



4*) 



M 



Madam Yale's Experience 365 

Madonnas, Reproducing Faces of 145 

Mammary Glands 28-29 

Man's Sphere of Intluence 23 ' 

Man's Spirit 23 i 

Marriag- oo 

Marriage, An Unharpy 48 

Marriage, Natural 45 

Married Life 5.2-64 

Married Life, Preparation for 53 

Massages 205 

Maternity 53 

Materia Medica 307 

Matrimony 53, 

Meats 350 

Measles 259-4;o 

Measles, How to treat 269 

Medicine Chest 391 



^ll'^licin^ for a Boy ,_. 

Mi'iiin({iti> , ,, 

Menkes, After NursinR. Return .if. . .■44 

Menses, Snppres>ion of 9-1 W? 

Meii^tni.Uicin .'ij-ijo 

Men^tru;iti.)ii Delayed ^,)2 

Menstruation. I'"xplanatioii ..t ip 

Menstruation, Irregularitie-. of 93 

Menstruation, Little Understood go 

Menstruation, Painful, Symptoms of . . loi 
•Menstruation, Painful, Treatment of. . 

10I-I02-3(X) 

Menstruation, F'rofuse 100-395 

Men>truation, Profuse. Causes of r» 

Menstruation. Profuse. Syniptoui^ of. . lou 
Menstruation, i'roluse. Treatment f(,r. i.ic 

.Milk-Crust 286-465 

Mi'k Ft VI r 234 

Milk, Mother's the Best 232 

Milk Porridge 344 

Mind Building 137 

Mind. The 25 

Miscarriage. Causes of 175 

Miscarriage. Care of Palieiil .\fter 177 

Miscarriage, Greatest Danger of 175 

Miscarriage. Prevention of 177-178 

Miscarriage, Symptoms of ,. . 176 

Miscarriage, Time of 176 

Miscarriage, Treatment for 177 

Mother's Influence 26 

Moulding the L'nhorn 140 

Movements, Vigorous 25 

Mumps 277 

Muscles, Firm 35 

Mush, Entire Wheat 346 

Mush, Indian Meal 346 

Mush, Oatmeal 346 

Mutton Broth 353 




490 ALPHABETICAL L\ 

N 

PAGB 

Nature Has No Sccrtt J7 

Nature's Law ^7 

Nature's Way of Removing Obstruc- 
tions 20J 

Navel, Care of 2\o 

Navel Cord, Cutting of i"J 

Neatness ■2.26 

Nerves 30 

Nerves Excited i7 

Nervousness 3^3 

Nervous People, Diet for ,;'^ 

Neuralgia 323--4-5 

Nipples 233 

Nipple, Bitter Application for 24^ 

Nipples, Cracked and Fissured 238 

Nipples, How to Harden 1-22 

Nipples, Small and Retracted 1.17 

Noblest Work of God A^ 

No Hinges of Bronze ^3 

Nose, The 23 

Nurse, Desirable Qu-'lties in a 3A0 

N' -se. When to Engage 34i 

Nurse, When Not to 235 

Nursing 332 

Nursing, Diet While 236 

Nursing, Mother's Duty 232 

Nursing, Occupation During 237 

Nursing, Stated Time for 234 

Nursing the Sick 34° 

Nursing Infants Too Long 243 

Nux Vomica, How to Use 395 

o 

Oflfspring, Limitations of 303 

Organs of Creative Life 27 



DEX TO SUBJECTS. 

VAOB 

Outer and Inner Life 363 

, Ovaries of the Female 28-76 

Ovaries, Description of 76 

' Ovaries, Location of 7') , 

i Ovaries, Office of 76 

! Ovum Entering the Womli Cavity 81 

1 Ovum of I-'ight Weeks 86 

I Ovum in Fallopian Tube 82 

Ovum of Five Weeks 85 

Ovum of Five Months 87 

Ovum of Fourteen Days 8s 

Ovimi. The Human 82 

Ovum, Ripe 77 

Ovum of Seven Weeks 85 



Palpitation of Heart 455 

Panada 345 

Panada, Chicken 35' 

Paralysis, Foundation of 37 

Parents' Characteristics 142 

Passion, Blind, Effects of 65 

Pelvis. The Human 71 

Perfect Children Possible 136 

Perfect Figure, Law of 31 

Perfect Physique 34 

Perfect Woman, Size of 32 

Personal Beauty, Basis of 3^4 

Peritonitis, How to Treat .^21 

Physical Culture 389 

Physical Figure, Foundation of 31 

Physical Union 63 

Phosphorus, How to Use 392 

Pimples, How Cured 3/1 

Placenta ^3 



ALI'UABETICAL IS 



PAOI 
4.2 



Poison 

Poisons and Their Antidotes j^; 

Position When Asleep ..,6 

PouUicr, Bread. How to Make ,i V) 

Power of Mind Over Matter 142 

Pregnan:y ,0, 

Pregnan.-y. Additional Symptoms 107 

Pregnancy, Air During ,08 

Pregnancy, Cause of Fainting During 

108-IJ4 

Pregnancy. Constipation During 45 ? 

Pregnancy, Deep Breathing During. ... 157 

Pregnancy, Discomforts of 1 n 

Pregnancy, Drinking Water During log 

Pregnancy, Exercise During 108 

Pregnancy, Fainting During 124 

Prc3nancy, Fifth, Sixth. Seventh and 

Eighth Symptoms 106 

Pregnancy, First Symptoms 103 

Pregnancy, Fourth Symptoms 104 

Preg-iancy, Itching of External Parts 

Djring 126 

Piegnancy, The Bladder During 123 

Pregnancy, Leucorrhea During 123 

Pregnancy, Mental Worries During 1 1 1 

Pregnancy, Morning Sickness During. . 120 

Pregnancy. Second Symptoms 102 

Pregnancy, Sleeplessness During 113 

Pregnancy, Things to Be Avoided Dur- 
ing 149 

Pregnancy, Third Symptoms During. . . 103 

Pregnancy Table 129-133 

Pregnancy, Thrush During 126 

Pregnancy, Toothache During 120 

Pregnancy, Treatment of Fainting Dur- 
ing 124 

Pregnancy, Treatment of Toothache 
During 120 



D'dX TO SLBJLCTS. 491 

! r«ai 

j Prcgn-ncy. Ven'ilation During 109 

, Pn-KHiiniy, Wh.it In Kat During 155 

\ Pre- .Vatal Culture I3f)-I44 

! rre-N'atal Culture. Fifth .St.ige (48 

Pre-N'atal Culture, Fourth .Stage 147 

Pre-N'atal Culture, First Stage 144 

Pre-Natal Culture, Sermul Stage 146 

Pre-N'atal Culture. Third Stage 146 

Pretty Hair 26 

Progress jg 

Prolapsus of the Womb 30 

Proportions, Law of jj 

Pulsat'lla. How to Use jqj 

F'ulse. Taking Accouni of 339 

Pure Thoughts 25 

I'urpose of Life, Th. 39 

Q 
Quinsy, How to Cure 428-4^ 

R 

Rare Beauty 26 

Refreshment .\fter Labor 168 

Remittent Fcver.s 455 

Reproductive Function 27 

Rice Coffee 348 

Rising Early 43 

Round Shoulders. How to Overcome.. 389 

s 

Sallow Faces 365 

Save Your Boy 37 

Scabbj Eruptions 235 



492 



ALPHABETICAL LXDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



VAOB 

Scald, Treatment for 3.)o 

Scalp, Friction for 38j 

Scarlet Fever J70-480 

Scarlet Ru>li 470 

Scrofula 2«j 

Scrofula. Its Treatment 3»2-3»3 

Sccale, How to Use 393 

Secret ot Ka-v Confinement ifi6 

Secret Mystery 27 

Seed 27 

Self- Abuse Among Boys 36 

Self- Abuse Among Girls 33-36-38 

Self-Abuse, How Overcome 34 

Self- Abuse, Its Effect on System 33 

Self-Abuse, Its Evils 33 

Self-Culture 54 

Self-Discipline 54 

Sepia, How to Use 392 

Sex, Can It Be Determined? 304 

Sexual Excitement to Be Avoided 185 

Sexual Organs "^ 

Cexual Organs, Abuse of 30 

Sexual Orpins, Growth of 3t 

Short Dresses 214 

Sins of P&rents 1.37 

Skin, How Cared for 377 

Skin, How Formed 3/8 

Skin. How to Perfect 378 

Sleep Required 43 

Slippery Elm Tea 348 

Snuffles 463 

Sow Good Seed 35 

Spermatozoa 3^4 

Spine, The 37 

Stillbirths >72 

Stomach. Gas in the .^5 

Stomach, to Remove Foreign Bodies 
From 335 



Siudy Nature 25 

Stunncd-ChiUl. Tre.itment for 337 

St. Vitus Dance 3'l 

Sucking the Thumb -'JO 

Sulphur, I low to I'sc 3'>i 

Symbol o' Life 33 

Symmetrical Form i,V> 

Sunday, the Best Day in (he Week -•57 

Swelling of Lower Limbs i>9 



Tamarind Water .149 

Teach Your Boy 35 

Teaching the Daughters 27 

Teeth, How to Make Beautiful 374 

Teething -IQ 

Teeth, Second Set 259 

Temple of the Soul 33 

Thought Is Force 68 

Thoughts. How They Affect Us 366 

Throat, Inflammation of 3^1 

Throat Trouble 271-46^ 

Thrush in Infants 23c 

Time for Bathing 35^ 

Toast Water 244-24S 

Toothache During Pregnancy 12c 

Transgression ^ 

Tree. The -/ 

Trials and Distouragcmcnts ^ 

Twins, How Produced S: 



Umbilical Cord 

Unmarried, Advice to. 



rAOB 

... 25 

... 3.17 

... .VI 

. . . .' JO 

. . . .V)J 

... 2.1 

... 1.W 

. .. -'57 

... 119 



... 349 
. . . .15 
... 27 
... .174 
... JI9 
• • 259 
. . . .13 
... 68 
... 366 
. .. .123 
271-464 
... 230 
... 3.S6 
244-248 
. . . 120 
... y> 
... -V 
... .V) 

... 82 
... ^.\ 

5; 



ALPHABETICAL L\ 

Urine, Difficult to Retain .l6-45f> 

L'rinatc, Difficult to 45(1 

'J*""" 28-r3 

Utoriis, Dcscripiiim of -^ 

Uterus, Location of - ^ 

Uterus, Office of -^ 

Utcrui, Substance of 73 



V 

Vagina .• 28-73 

Vagina, Docription of 7J 

Varicose Vein i ig 

Ventilation and Drainage imj 

Vcratrum, How to Use y)\ 

Vulva 71 



w 

Walking Exercises 301 

Walking, Graceful .?f^i-3f<5 

Water Brash, How to Treat 114 

Water Cure ^35 

Weaning 242 

Weaning Infant. How to 242 

Weaning Infant, Necessity of J43 

Weaning Infant, Time for J4.' 

Wedlock 45 

Wet Sheet Pack, The 357 

Wetting the Bed J83 

What the Air Contains 25 

Whites, Treatment for 198-109 

Whooping Cough 275 

Whooping Cough, Position to .\ssume 
When 276 



DES. TO SllULCTS. 



493 



WliJiopmp 0>iiRh, Trcaitmnt of 27,^471 

Uiii'> |)iii> in ihf ll.)iiic ^j 

\ViiH' W ,4, 

\\ inU KM iho Sioinaili .•.7 

\\ oiiianly Tlii nights ^i 

Wi)iii;iii\ Kc(|ui»ilc ^7 

Wnnili ,X| 

Wdtnh. AnifMTMon of |,,i 

WoMll), Appiiidani's 

Womb. .VrtiTU'^ and \ \in> tor 



74 



Womb, '.'au'ts of Fall. MB joi 

Womb. Ch' mic IntiaiiiMiation of iKa 

Womb. Excrcuifs to Strinjjthen 181) 

Womb. ralliiiK of ibf iQi 

Womb, Iiitlamiiiation of iS| 

Womb RiirotU-xinn of i.jj 

WiMub. H(iriMr>.ion of ig^ 

Womb Structure 75 

Womb, Symptom^ of Antcvcr-ion \i)\ 

Womb, Symptoms of Ritmilrxion 195 

Womb. Symptom^ of Krtnncr-ion. . . . 194 

Womb, TriatiiRnt of .Xntovcr^ion 19a 

Womli.Trcatmmt of Retroflexion of tb ■ 196 
Womb, Triatmcnt of RctroMr^Jon of 

the iq4 

Womb 'I'roublf, l.ocai Trcitnuiit for . 189 

Womb Troiibli-, Otic Cau>c of 290 

Worms 285 

Worms, Symptom^ and Trcatnunt of. . 

-'""yAAP 

Wound. Trc.'itr.'.tnt of jyi 

Wrinkles, How to Prevent 371 



Young Mothers 



213 



I 



n.ATi: 



II s ■•► lilt fRVtl K fKLVIS 

Ml' >U IN.. \ ».,1S« 



I'l.Al i: i;. 




ran . and ^ihMHn\Mfs 

AT FIPTII MONTH 



REPRODUCTUK ORGANS OF WOMAN 



I'l.ATF. JO. 

riu' 

f. flu-. 

ill its 

nicinhrancs, 

with 

I xpandintr 

(IS uteri. 

in first 

-tase of 

lalior. 





PL.\TK 21. 

TWINS IN I TERO, HKAD AND 
BREECH PRESENTINO. 

At eight tnonths. the fa'tii.< 
seems to grow rather in 
thickness than in lengtli; it is 
only si.xteen to eighteen in- 
ches long and yet weighs fnun 
four to five pounds. The skin 
is very red. and covered with 
down and a considerable quan- 
tity of sebaceous matter. The 
lower jaw, which at first was 
very short, is now as long" 
as the ujiper one. 

Finally, at term the fietus 
is about nineteen to twenty- 
three inches long, and weighs 
from six to nine pounds. The 
red blood circulates, in the 
capillaries and the skin per- 
forms the functions of perspira- 
tion : the nails are fully de- 
velojjcd. 



RF.PRODUCTIVF. ORGAN'S AT CHILDBIRTH 



I 



THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF ALCOHOL 

(Dr. L. I-:. FoRTiKR, of Laval University.) 

ALCOHOL is a clear, colorless licjiiid. very volatile and intlainmable, 
and burns with an intense licat. It has a peculiar, hut pleasant odor, 
pungent taste, not necessary U> Ik described here, as its prui^rties arc 
well known. Alcohol is largely empkned in the industrial arts and sciences. 
As a drink its use is known everywhere. 

"Fire-water," as it is called by the Indians in their primitive language, 
is compo-sed of carlxm, hydrogen and o.xygen. One molecule of alcohol 
contains two atoms of carlx)n, six atoms of hydrogen, and one atom of 
o.xygen. These different atoms have not cvjual weight: thus, in a hundred 
ounces of alcohol there arc fifty-two ounces of carl)on. thirteen ounces of 
hydrogen, and thirty-five ounces of oxygen. 

Alcohol is the result of fermentation of vegetable matter containing 
sugar; it is a transformation of the sugar. It can l>c made from all the >wcet 
fruits, but it is esj>ccially the grajie which is used for this i)uri>ose. 

The sugar of the grai)e fermctited produces wine, but wine is not pure 
slcohol : for that it must undergo distillation. The apparatus used nowadays 
for distilling alcohol has I>een made so perfect that one can obtain at the 
first ojieration alcohol nearly pure, containing but little more than five [)er 
cent of water. 

Wine was for a long time the only source of alcohol known: its high 
price rendered its use very restricted, but the desire for it stinuilated its 
production, and to supply the growing demand new sources of production 
were discovered. Chemists .searched, and found it in grain. It was sewn 
ascertained that starch could easily Ije converted into sugar, and so prove 
an inexhaustible source of alcohol, inasmuch as many of the grains contain 
starch in great quantity. 

But how can sugar be converted iiito alcohol ? What is the change that 
it undergoes? The explanation that chemistry gives is simple enough. 
Sugar and alcohol are composed of the same elements, but in different pro- 

40S 



I 



49^) 



THE XATURR AXD EFI-FCT OF ALCOHOL 



portions. A molecule of sugar contains six atoms of carbon, twelve o 
hydrogen, and six of oxygen. To change the relation of these atoms, cans 
ing them to recomhinc into other snUstances than sugar, it is nccessarv t< 
use a ferment. Tliis ferment is really vcgctalilc life, small germs, which ii 
masses, like yeast in hread. act as a ferment in Isread-making. (ir like "mothe 
of vinegar." produces fermentation of the sugar in fruit juices. 

Pasteur has demonstrated that yeast is an organic germ, that multiplie 
itself prodigiously at the ex|R.'nse of the sugar. These germs are found ii 
the air. which explains the phenomenon of siKintaneous fermentation ; the 
arc, however, found especially, and multiply most a' undantly, in liquid 
containing yeast and sugar. Under the action of fermentation, like ; 
leaven, a molecule of .sugar is converted into two molecules of alcohol anc 
two molecules of carlxmic acid. The first process is to convert the starch inti 
sugar, then follows fermentation, afterwards distillation. 

When the gardener plants in the ground a seed, of corn for example, an( 
leaves it to grow, the grain "sprouts;" the starch in the seed is changed int( 
sugar, giving sugar- food as nourishment to the plant-germ. The moisture 
and heat of the earth have caused this result. In a similar way starch i; 
changed artificially into sugar. In beer-making, for example, (juantities o 
grain are moistened and exposed to artificial heat. In a short time the graii 
swells and sprouts. The sprouts are allowed to grow until thev arc w\w\ 
as long as the barley-seed, and then they are killed by the heat, raised to : 
roasting degree, which varies according to the liquor to l:>e made. For al< 
the roasting of the grain is light, browned for beer, and charred for porter 
This process is called malting. In the "mashing" ojieration the starch ir 
still further converted into sugar. ..iterwards fermentation is caused 
which is facilitated by the addition of yeast. 

If we stop at the fermentation process we obtain beer: lieer and ];orlc, 
only differ in the aromatic substances which they contain. In the producb 
of fermentation, brewing or distillation, alcohol is the essential principle 

Thus then l)eer, wine, cider, which is only wine from apple, as well a- 
brandy, whisky, gin, etc.. contain alcohol, but with varying proixirtion< 
Beer and jMrter contain from two to six i^er cent of alcohol; white wino^ 
contain from ten to twelve per cent; they are made from grapes, the skin- 
and seeds being removed. Red wines contain the same proportion of alcohol 
but more of tannin than the white wines; they are made from the wliolr. 



THE X.lTL'Ri: .1X1) lU-I-lUT or .ILCOUOI. 497 

grape, liraiuly. wliicli is nirulc from wine, has fmm fi.rtv to ilftv p^-r 
cent of alcohol. Whisky and gin, which arc made fium grain or't,-,,,,, 
potatoes, contain also from forty to fifty [xr cent of ;ilo.Ii,,l. (ij,, differs 
from whisky in the flavor, which is that of the jniiiK-r herry. Rum c-ntains 
aix)nt fifty i^er cent of alcohol and i^ distiik-d from in.ilas>e>. Alo.lm! pure 
IS not nsed as a drink, hut is mixed with more or les- water, and ;it he>i d.-es 
not contain over eighty-five jier cent of pure alcohol. 

All drinks containing ale <hi ■] affect the system and .act njx >n the > irganic 
tissues. The t" o principal characteristics of this action are a gre.it al'hni'y 
for water and ..ic proiK'ity of coagulating the alhumen. To judge of the 
affinity of alcohol for water, look at the anatomical s]>ecimcns preserved in 
r cums. After l)eing a short time in the alcohol they iK'coine dry and 
i^.emhle a mummy. If one puts a piece of l)ecf in a glass and fills the glass 
with alcohol, the alhumen would he coagulated. 

Alcohol exercises such a [wwcrful action on dead tissues that we -Imuld 
e.\-i)ect it to 'exert a deleterious effect on living tissues, and to injuiv ;ill the 
organs of the human system, which arc comijosed in great part ,.t allmmiii- 
ous matter. Take the digestive system: What is the effect uikhi the 
stomach? It would Ix- supi»sc.l that alcohol. l)eing rapi.lly ah~ ih.d. and 
in con.se(juence not remaining long in the stomach. woul<l cm i ; hut little 
influence on that organ. Such is not the case. As soon a> taKcn int.> the 
stomach it ahsorhs the water from the mucous lining of the >i(.in;.ili. fhc 
internal wall of the stomach, which is very sen live, is >uppliid v.iih a 
multitude of small and extremely fine I>1(xm1 vessels. gi\ing \n thi< lini.. ' 
a rosy color, which is its normal apix-arancc. Scarcely ha\e ;i few t;!a-js (if 
alcohol come in contact with this mucous lining l>ef..rc these little hlo^d- 
vessels are swollen with blood and congested, causing a sensati.iu m' dulhie^s 
an>. tension at the pit of the stomach. See illustration " Health. .SLniiach" 
and ".Mcoholic Stomach." 

Continuous drinking of alcoholic licjuor for many davs grc tl\- iullames 
and ulcerates the stomach, and is followed by other seriou> dis rders. The 
blood-vessels, unduly swollen, are ruptured, the internal wall of the >t: macli 
is highly inflamed, and full of dark colored spots at the -eat ..f the hemor- 
rhages. The patient suffers great pain, vomits what he tats or drinks, 
sometimes with blood, and passes bkxsd in his stools. His tongue is red 
and parched: it indicates the state of the stomach, which is thai of inflani- 



4y8 



THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF ALCOHOL 



mation, and finally ulceration, which may i>erforate the wall of the stomach, 
and I)e followed by j^ritonitis and death. 

The action of alcohol on the stomach, which is acute or chronic accord- 
ing to the habits of the individual, is marked by the three successive stages 
of congestion, inflammation, ulceration. 

Does alcohol in moderate or small doses injuriously affect the functions 
of the stomach? Y i. The healthy stomach secretes a digestive juice — the 
gastric juice. This organ, congested, secretes too much or t(X) little. dei>end- 
ing ujxjn the degree of congestion. Alcohol, even in small quantities, pro- 
duces, as we have seen, congestion in the coating of the stomach, which not 
only interferes with the proixjr secretion of the gastric juice, but weakens 
and robs that liquid, already secreted in the stomach, of its digestive proper- 
ties. In consequence there is derangement of the digestive organs, wind, 
acidity, and a series of little ailings, which end later on in dyspepsia. Expe- 
rience proves this, and we may show it by experiment. Place in each of 
three different Iwttles an equal quantity of chopi^ed l>eef. In tlie first Ixtttle 
add a mixture of gastric juice and water ; in the second a mixture of gastric 
juice and alcohol ; in the third gastric juice and ale. Expose the bottles 
to a temperature equal to that of the stomach. The result will be that the 
beef in the first tottle will rapidly decomp(5se and without interruption will 
pass on to a perfect digestive condition : that in the other two will not be 
digested. Under the influence of alcohol and beer the active principle of 
the gastric juice — pepsin — will be precipitated and form a deposit at the 
bottom of the bottle. 

These experiments, and others of a scientific nature, show that alcahol 
cannot but l>e hurtful to die stomach. It exercises a similar action on the 
intestines, esjiecially on the upper part of the duodenum, before being 
absorlied by the other organs. 

What is the effect of alcohol upon the liver? One need not ask if this 
exerts a deleterious action upon that organ. It is well known that the 
majority of drinkers die from liver disease. The liver has the largest quan- 
tity of blood in it of any organ of the body ; it absorbs freely alcohol, which 
affects 't in a similar way to that of the stomach, if not more seriously. 

The liver, at first congested and enlarged, because of the irritation pro 
duced by alcohol, afterwards diminishes in size, becomes hard, and loses its 
original shipe. Its surface becomes covered with projections, like nail 



Tim XATUKE .IXD lill'ECT 01- AlxOIlOI. 



■IW 



licads. snnietimcs called "!.i Inailcil" liver, K'caiisc ■ f the re-enililaiice to 
the sIkjc Sdle (if an I"n.;L,'ii.-Ii cartin:;ii. 

The wcifiht (iiniinislus. ^^nutimes \veiiL,diiii,',' so:'rocly a inhiii<1. wliilc in 
normal rondititiii the liver \vei!;li> tnitii f(Uir tn five pinnd^. rhi> kind ni 
inllainmation of the liver is e^lK•cially Cdniiiioii aiiKmu' i;in drinkers. Some- 
times .imonj^ l)cer drinkers the liver increases larji^ely in >\yx and j^ains cnn- 
sideral;ly in \veii,dit. In tl^^e two cases the liver lose> the f<irce of it> nnrnial 
function am! so produces a serie-^ nf trouhles which commence with dys- 
pepsia and terntinate in jaundice, dmpsy and death. 

The kidneys suffer the same trouhle as tliat of tlie liver. In many cases 
the use of alcohol is the cause of I>rif;['it's disease. Occasionally. es]>ecially 
^ong beer drinkers, the kidneys undergo a fatty degeneration so great as 
to prevent them [)erforming their normal functions. 

We will not sjieak of the heart and lungs: the injury to these organs 
generally follows that of the other viscera. How <iften do we see |)ersims. 
among whom the heart, too much stimulated. I)eats with a feehle and irregu- 
lar pulsation? How many persons do we not see each year dying fmm 
consumption, following the abuse of alcohol? See illustration— "ilealthy 
Heart" and "'Alcoholic Heart." 

Drunkenness need not l>e described: we unfortunately -ee too many 
examples of it in our streets. We pass over also delirium tremens: liiese 
troubles, however grave they may Ix;, are generally teni]Hirary. 

The brain manifestations, which are caused by chroni-: alcoholism, vary 
according to the (juantity of ..Icohol drunk and the habit of the subject. 
The brain is largely cotuiK>sed of albumen. a:id this is largely water. As 
alcohol has great affinity Un- water the result of drinking the former to 
excess is to harden and shrink the brain substaix-e. 

The brain is the scat of the ncrvi us system, and as alcohol has a iKiralyz- 
ing efifect upon the nerves, the brain suffers likewise, the |>atietU is jiaralyzctl, 
prostrated, dead drunk. L'nder the influence of alcohol, savs Magnan, there 
is a two-fold morbid development: the brain is made i)rematurely ol-l, and 
suffers fatty degeneration. alsi> the bloc ;! vessels which nourish it: but this 
degeneration is not the only one; with it is a tendency to chronic irritation, 
or inflammation, resulting in the first case in general par.ilysis. .and in the 
next case in iiisanit- ''•om the intlamuT'tion or irritation. Delirium tremens 
is insanity in a vc "iful form. 



500 



THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF ALCOHOL 



As to tlie intellectual faculties we find that the memory l)Ccoir.e; 
eiifccl)lc(I. the judgment less certain and discerning, the imagination dulled, 
the association of ideas weakened, finally the moral sensibility thoroughly 
blunted. 

Is alcohol a f(XKl? What is its value ?s nourishment? Foot! digests; 
alcohol does not, but retards digestion. Animal strength and heat arc pro- 
duced by combustion, by oxidation of the tissues, by the changes which 
are continuj'lly working in the system. Exj)erience shows that alcohol has 
the effect of diminishing this combustion, this destruction of tissues. It is 
well known, for example, that alcohol, after being drunk, seems to raise 
the temiKTature of the body, but this is only temporary and on the surface; 
its real effect is to lower the animal heat several degrees. Alcohol seems to 
preserve the tissue, but this preservation of tissues detracts from the pro 
duction of strength and heat. From the point of view of the conservation of 
tissues alcohol is neither necessary nor useful to the health of man. Army 
sergeants know that troops bear better the fatigues and rigors of climate 
without alcohol. This was proved 1 the celebrated retreat from Moscow; 
as long as they were not allowed to have alcohol, the health of tlie men was 
good enough, but as soon as they were allowed to use alcohol, their ranks 
were decimated by death ; the false strengtli was short-lived, and was fol- 
lowed by depression and numbness, which paralyzed the men, leaving them 
unable to march. A great numl)er were al)andoned to die, frozen along 
the icy roads of Russia. 

In brief, alcohol in the stomach paralyzes the nerves, hinders digestion, 
chemically acts uix>n the i^eixsin of the gastric juice, changes the secretion 
of the liver, and injures the whole pr(x:ess of digestion throughout the ali- 
mentary tract, perverting the action of the sympathetic nervous system ; and 
thus, disordering all the organs of the liody, clogging their functions, and 
diminishing the oxidation of the tissues, prevents the production of animal 
force. 



MEDICylL DICTION J Rr OR GLOSS J RT 



XoTK. — In tlic pronunciation of the following wwnl^. Wch-icr Iia-^ Wvu 
followed as autiiority. 

In several eases the words have k'en re-spelled accunlini,' to the pr-nnir- 
ciation. in which cases it is j^nven in i)arentheses. thu-. i i. 

Ab-do'-mk.v. The helly, or the lower part of the Ixxly l)elow the dia- 
phragm. 

Ab-lu'-tion. Cleansing l>y water, washing of the IxxIy externally. 

Ab-xor'-mai.. Unnatural: not according to rule; irregular. 

A-noR'-TiON. Birth of a child l>efore tlie projKT time. 

A-bra'-sion. a 'iuijerficial wound ])r(Miuced hy the rubbing off of the skin. 

Ab-sorb'-ext. Glands and vessels which absorb or suck up substances 
from within or without; also metlicines which absorb, or combine 
with acid matter in the stomach or l)owels. 

Ac-col'cii-ei'r' (ak-k(j<)sh-ur'). A man who attends women in childbirth. 

Ac-e-tab'-u-i.im. The socket that receives the head of the thigh Ixmic. 

A-Ciio'-LIA. Deficiency of bile. 

A-ciD. Acrid ; sour, sharp, pungent, bitter or biting to the taste. 

Ac'-TUAL Cau-ter-y. Burning or searing with a hot iron; used in sur- 
gery. 

Ac-U-Pcxc'-TIRE (ak-u-punk'-ture). Pricking with needles; one of the 
operations of surgery. 

A-ci'Te'. Diseases of short duration, attended with violent symptoms ; the 
reverse of chronic. 

Ad-he'-sive. Tenacious, sticky, apt or tending to adhere. 

Ad-iie'-.'^ive Plaster. Sticking-plaster. 

Ad'-i-puse. Matter, membrane or tissue; fat. 

Ad'-jl'-vaxt. .\ su1)stance added to a prescription to aid the oi)eration of 
the i)rincipal ingredient. 

A-dult' Age. A person grown to full size or strength ; manhood or wom- 
anhood. 



502 



MEDICAL DICTIOXAKV OR GLOSSARY 



Af-kec'-tiox. Disorder, disease malady. 

Al-bi''-.mi:n. The white of an egg. It is an essential constituent of animal 
bodies. 

Al-bu'-mi-nose. a substance pnxluced in t!)e stomach during digestion. 

Al'-i-mext. Nourishment, nutrition ; anything necessary for the support 
of life. 

Al-i-ment'-a-ry Ca-nal. The tube by which aliments are conveyed 
through the Ixxly ; it is comp<jsed of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, 
stomach, and intestines. 

Al'-ka-u (li or le). A substance which, when united to acids, neutralizes 
them. 

Al'-ter-a-tive. a remedy which slowly changes the condition of the sys- 
tem. 

Al-ve'-o-lar. Relating to the sockets of the teeth. 

Al'-vine. Relating to the intestines. 

Am-aur-o'-sis. a loss or decay of sight, produced by various causes. 

A-mel'-i-o-ra'-tion. Becoming better; improvement in the stages of a 
disease. 

Am-en-or-riie'-a. An obstruction of the menstrual discliarges. 

Am-ni-ot'-ic Liquid. The fluid surrounding the fa'tus in the womb. 

Am-pu-ta'-tiox. The oj^eration of cutting ofif a limb or other part of the 
body. 

A-xa-sar'-ca. a dropsy of the whole Ixxly ; a general dropsy. 

A-XAs'-TO-MOSE. To communicatc with each other ; applied to arteries and 
veins. 

A-nat'-o-mv. Study of the structure of the Ixsdy. 

An-chy-lo'-sis (ank-y-lo'-sis). Stiffness of the joint. 

Ax-em'-i-a. Poverty of blood ; a comparatively bloodless state. 

Ax-es-tiie'-sia. Numbness or paralysis of sensation. 

Ax'-EU-RisM. A soft tumor, caused by the rupture of the coats of an 
artery. 

Ax-i-mal'-cules. Animals so small as to be visible only with a micro- 
scope. 

Ax'-o-DYXE. Any medicine which allays pain and induces sleep. 

Axx'-A-cin. A substance which neutralizes acids; alkalies are ant-acids. 

Ax'-THEL-Mix-Tic (an'-thel-min-tik). A medicine that destroys worms. 



MEDICAL niCTIOX.Ih'V Oh' GIOSS.IRV 



m 



An'-tiirax. a ilitsky red or purpli*!! kind nf ttimnr. rccnrrini,' in llic luck. 

An-ti-iuiZ-iois ( an-ti-hil-yus). A medicine onnitcractivc I'f I)iliini.> a>m- 
I>Iaints. 

AN'-Ti-t)()Ti:. A jin tcctivc against, or remcily li>r. |><'i>«>ii or any di>ia-.e. 

An-ti-dvs-entf.r'-k- (an-ti-dys-in-tcr'-ik ). A remedy for dy-eiitery. 

An-tm->mkt'-ic (an-ti-e-mel'-ik ). A remedy {<> clieek or allay vnmilinn. 

An-ti-i.itii'-ic ( an-ti litli-ik ). A medicine to prevent or ren'.ove urinary 
calculi or jf ravel. 

An-ti-mor-bif'-ic. Anything to prevent or remove disease. 

An-ti-scorbu'-tic. a remedy used for the scurvy. 

An-ti-sep'-tic (an-ti-sep'-tik). Whatever resists or removes putrefaction 
or mortification. 

An-ti-spas-mod'-ic. Medicines which relieve cramns. s|>asms, and convul- 
sions. 

A-Nt'S. The orifice of the alimentary canal, of which it is the outlet. 

A-or'-ta. The great artery from the heart. 

Ap'-a-thy. Insensrbility to mental or Ixxlily pain. 

A-pe'-ri-en't. a mild purgative or la.xative. 

A'-PEX. The top or summit. 

A-piia'-si-a. .\ lack of the power of speech, caused often by an attack of 
ajxiplexy. 

A-Piio'-NiA. A loss of the voice. 

Ap'-pe-tite. a desire for fo<xI or drink. 

A-Ro'-MA. .\gr<;tahlc odor of plants and other substances. 

Ar-o-mat'-ic. a fragrant, spicy medicine. 

Ar'-te-ry. a vessel that conveys the blo<:Kl from the heart to the organs. 

Ar-thro'-di-a. a joint movable in every direction. 

Ar-tic-u-la'-tiox. The union of h.jncs with each I'ther, as at the joints. 

Ar-tic'-i-latei). Having joints. 

As-car'-i-de.s. Pinworms or threadworms found in tiie lower i>)rtion of 
the bowels. 

As-ci'-TE.s. Dropsy of the abdomen. 

As-PHVx'-iA. Suspended animation; apparent death as from drowning. 

As-sim-i-la'-tiox. The process by which the food is changed into tissue. 

As-TiiE.v'-ic. Debilitated, 





504 



MEDIC. IL PKTlOX.INy OR Gl.OSS.IRy 



As-trjn'-gknt. a medicine which tiiKTatos ur puckers up the tissues of 

the Ixuly, thcrchy chcckiiij; discharges. 
At'-o-ny. Dehihty; want of tone ; defect of nutscnlar iK)\ver. 
A r'-Ko-piiv. A wasting of tlesh and loss of strenglli without any sensible 

catise. 
At-ten'u-ants. Medicines for reducing the body. 
Au'-Ri-CLE, A cavity of the heart. 
Aus'-cul-ta-tion. The art of detecting disease by hstening to the sounds 

of the hmgs, heart, etc. 
Ax-il'-la. The armpit; hence axillary, pertaining to the armpit. 
Ax'-iL-LA-RV Glands. Situated in the armpit, secreting a fluid of peculiar 

odor. ' 

Bal-sam'-ics. Medicines employcu or healing purposes. 

Bi-en'-ni-al. Continuing alive for ivvo years. 

Bile or Gall. A flutd secreted by the liver, which promotes digestion. 

Blls'-ter. a th. -y bladder on the skin. 

Bou'-gie (boo-zhe). . tai)er '^ody introduced into a passage or sinus to 

keep it open or enlarge it. 
Bright's Disease. A serious disease of the kidneys. 
Bron'-chi-al. Pertaining to the branches of the windpipe in the lungs. 
Bul'bous. Round or roundish. 



Ca-chex'-y (ca-keks'-y). A bad state of the body. It may be caused by 

blood poisons. 
Cal'-cu-li. Gravel and stone found in the kidneys and bladder. 
Cal'-lous. Hard or firm. 
Ca-lor'-ic. He?t. 
Cap'-il-la-ry. Fine, hair-like. 

Cap'-sule a dry hollow vessel containing the seed or faiit. 
Car'-bon. Charcoal. 
Car-bon'-ic Acid Gas. A gas of two parts of oxygen and one part of 

carlx>n. 
Ca'-ri-es. Ulceration of a bone. 
Car-min'-a-tives. Medicines which allay pain by expelling wind from the 

stomach and bowels. 



MEDICAL DUTIOSAKV UK o/.O.vV. fA')' 



5«5 



Ca-rot'-io Aktkkv. The j,'iv,it .ntiTic- ..f the luvk th.it cunvev Mcx^d t.i i! 

heart. 
('\i{'-Ti-i..\i;i:. .\ hard chistic stih>taiue df tlie Ixidy : fjristle. 
C at-.\-.vie'-.\:-.\. The menses, nr iiinnthly discliarjjes nf wnmet 
C.\t'-.\-pl.\.sm. 



IC 



ixmltice 



Ca-tarrii' (ka-tar'). A <hscliarjre t'nun the head or tlimat. 
C.\-tii.\r'-tic. Purgative ; a medicine tliat cleanses tlie l)i)\vels. 
C.\TH'-K-TF.R. A curved instniinent intiudiued int.- the l)l,idder thnmgli 

the uretlira for drawing uff the mine, 
CAfs'-Tic. Burning; a sul)stance whidi burns i>r cnrrude. 'i\ 11114 tissues. 
Cai;'-i;r-v. A hurning or searing ."My part of the anitnal Ixxly. 
Cell. .\ small elementary form found in vegetable and .ininKd tissue. 
Ckr'-e-bel'-H'M. The lower and kack part of the lirain. 
Cer'-e-bral. Relating to the brain. 
Cer'-e-bri'm. The upi)er and front i>art of the I>rain. 
Cer'-e-bro-Spi'-xal. Pertaining to tlie brain and spinal cord. 
Ce-iiu'-.mExV. The ear wax. 
C:t.\-LYB'-E-ATE { a-lib'-e-ate ) . Containing iron in suhition. as (Kxnrriiig in 

mineral springs. 
Chan'-cre (shank'-er). A venereal or syphilitic sore. 
Ciiol'-a-gogie.s. Medicines that increase the flow of bile, as calomel and 

podophyllin. 
Chol'-er-(c (kol'-er-ic). Easily irritated: irritable. 
Ciior-dee'. a painful drawing up of the iKjnis. It occurs in gonorrhea. 
Curon'-ic. Continuing for a I(jng time, and Incoming a tixed condition 

of the bcxiy. 
Chvle (kil). A milky thtid, sei)arated from the aliment in the intestines, 

mixing with and forming the blixid. 
Chyme (kim). The pulp formed by the fixxl after it ha> Ix-cn for some 

time in the stomach, mixed with the gastric secretions. 
Ci-ca'-trix. a scar that remains after a wound. 
Cir-cu-la'-tiox. The inotion of the blcKxl, wliich is ])roi)elled by the heart 

through the Ij«xly. 
Cl.w'-i-cle (klav'-i-kl). Col1;ir-lx>ne. 
Cli'-mac' TER-ic. A term generally aiiplied to the tir.ie at which tl'.e 

menses finallv cea^^ 



Sofi 



MEDICAL DICTIOSARY OR GLOSSAKY 



Clys'-tf.r. An injection; a li<|ui<l substance thrown into tlie lower intes 

tine. 
Co-ag'-u-i..\'-tio\. a chanjje from a fluid to a solid comlitiun. as in lli 

cr igulation of tiie hlcxMl. 
Co-A(;'-u-LrM. A clot of Mo«kI. 
OvA-LESCF.' (koa-lcs'). 'i o prow together ; to unite. 
Col-lapsk'. Sudden failure or prostration of the vital functions. 
CoL-uu'-UA-TiVE (kol-lik'-wa-tiv). Excessive discharges from the Ixxl 

which weaken the system. 
Co'-LON. A portion of the large intestine. 
Co-Los'-TRL'M. The earliest secretion of milk. 
Co'-MA, Com'-a-tose. Lethargy: disposed to sleep; stupor. 
Com'-press. Several folds of linen rags; a Ixmdage. 
CoN-cus'-sioN (kon-kush'-un). A \iolent sh<xk, as of the brain. 
Con'-flu-e.nt. Running together. 
Con-gen' ;-tal. From birth, or lK)rn with. 
CoN-GEs'-TioN ( kon-jest'-yim). Distention of any part by an accumulatio 

of blo<Ml. 
CoN-ji'Nc'-Ti-VA. The membrane which lines the eyelid and covers tii 

eye. 
Con-sti-pa'-tio.v. Costiveness; obstruction or hardness oi the content 

of the intestines. 
Con-ta'-giols. Catching. r)r that may l)e communicated by contact. 
CoN-Tu'-sioN. .\ bruise. 

C0i\-v.\-LEs'-CENCE. Gradual return to health after sickness. 
Con-vul'-sions. Involuntary and violent movements of the Ixxly. 
Cok' -ial. .\ medicine that mildly stimulates and raises the spirits. 
Cor'-ne-a. The transparent membrane in tlie icrejjart of the eye. 
Corpse. The dead Ixxly of a human l)eing. 
Cor-rob'-o-rants. Tonics or strengthening medicines. 
CoR-Ro'-siVE. Substances that consume or eat away. 
Coun'-ter-ir-ri-ta'-tion. Drawing disease from one part by irritatin 

another part. 
Cra'-ni-um. The skull. 
Cri'-sis. The turning-point of a disease. 
Crl'-ui-ty. Rawness; indigestion. 



er mtcs- 
li in tliv' 



he Ixxly 



mulatiun 
>vers tlie 
contents 
ict. 



>• 

its. 

e. 



irntatin 



MEDICAL DICTIOS.IRY g,- G7-().V.V.//v'1- 507 

Cl--T.\'-Nr-ni-s. rertainitit,' t^ the skin. a> ctitaiio.ti^ .li-fa-iCT*. 

Ci'-Tl-ci-E (ku'-ti-kl). TIic uutcr ..r scarf >kiii. 

( VST. .\ hag iir sac cuntaiiiiiiy; matter ur ..tlier tltii<i. 

De- II II.'- IT'*. Weakness. 

Ue-coc'-tiu.ns (^ile-kuk'->luiii>j. Medicines ])ro|>arc(l hy Itoilinj,'. 

DEtr-i.r-Ti'-Tio.N. TIic act of swalluwing. 

I)EL-n-TE'-Ri-ors. That wliich i> hnrtfnl. 

I)E-Litj'-ii-r.M (de-lik'-uc-nin). Fainting. 

De-ur'-I-v.\i. \\'ililiu"«s ur wandering uf the mind. 

De-mll'-cents. .\ nuicilaginons medicine which siMhes diseased nuiciHis 

n)enil>ranes. 
Den-ti'-tiox. Teetliing. 

l)K-(»n'-sTRi--ENT. .\ mild la.\ativc: an ajwrient. 
De-i'Le'-tk)n. Dimiinninii ut tlie (inaniity ui hl< .ud hy hlixKl-letting or 

other process, 
Dep'-u-r.\-tio.\. Cleansing fruin iininirc matter. 
Dr.RM. The natnral tegument or covering of .in animal. 
I)i;.s-(ji'.\-.MA'-rio.\-. .'^ci.ar.itii u i>f the >V.'\v in -r.ilc> ; -(.•'li".' olT. 
I)E-TER'-cii:NT. .\ medicine that cleanses from otYending matter. 
Di-AG-No'-sis. The act of ilistingnishing di>ea>es l>v >ynii>toin>. 
ni-.\-iMlo-RET'-lcs. Medicines which promote i)crsi>iration or -wealing. 
Dl'-.\-PUR.\r.M (di'-a-fram). The nui.-<cnlar division l)etwcen tiie che>t and 

alxlomen. 
Eh-.XTll'-E-sis. Tendency of the Ix^ly to any form of disease, as scrofulons 

diathesis. 
Di-e-TEt'-ic. Relating to diet or regimen. 

DlL-A-T.\'-Tio.v. Act of expanding or spreading in all directions. 
Dil'-c-ent.s. That which thins, weakens, or reduces the strength of 

li<iuids. 
Di-Lir'-iXG. Weakening. 
Dis-cu'-TiEXTS. Medicines whicii scatter a swelling or tumor, or any 

coagulated fluid or body. 
Dis-iN-FEc'-T.\XTS. Articles which cleanse or purify infected places. 
Dis-LO-c.\'-Tiox. The displacement of a Ijone out of its socket. 
Dis-po-si'-Tiox. Tendency. 



so8 



MEDICAL DICTIUXARY OR GLOSSARY 



Di-u-ret'-ic. a medicine wliicli promotes the How of urine. 
Dor'-sal. Pertaining to the hack. 
Dra.s'-tics. Active o; strong purgatives. 
Du-o-de'-xcm. The first of the small intestines. 

Dys-cra'-sia. .\ had hahit of hody producing generally a diseased con- 
dition of the system. 
Dys-pep'-si.v. Indigestion or difficulty of digestion. 
Dvs-piia'-gi-a. Difficulty o.' swallowing. 
Dysp-.\oe'-a. Difficulty of hreathing. 
Dy.s-v'-ri-.x. Difficulty in discharging urine, attended with pain and heat. 

Eb-l'L-li'-tiox. The motion of a liquid hy which it gives off buhhles of 
vaiwr as in boiling. 

Ef-fer-ves'-cenx'-:. The escaj^je of gas from a fiuid. as in the so-called 
"soda-water." 

Ef-flo-ke.s'-cexce. h'ruption or redness on the skin, as in measles, scarlet 
fever, etc. 

Ef-flu'-vi-a. Exhalations from substances, as from flowers or decaying 
matter. 

EF-ru'-.siox. An escape of the fluids of the body frum their natural posi- 
tion into the tissues or cavities of the Ixuly. 

E-lec-tri-za'-tiox. Medical use of the electric currents. 

E-LEc'-TU-ARY. Medicines mixed with honey or syrup. 

E-lim-i-xa'-tiox. Discharged from the iKidy, as by the pores of the skin. 

E-MAC-i-.\'-Tiox. Wasting away of the flesh. 

Em'-bry-o. The early stage of the fa'tus. 

Em'-e-sis. \'omiting. 

E-met'-ics. Medicines given to cause vomiting. 

Em-mex'-a-gogue. a medicine which promotes the menstrual discharges. 

E-mol'-li-ext, a softening application which allays irritation. 

E-mul'-siox. a mixture; as oil and water mixed with mucilage or sugar. 

Ex-am'-el. The outside covering of the teeth. 

Ex-cepii'-a-lox. The whole of the brain. 

Ex-cy.st'-ed. Enclosed in a cyst or sac. 

Ex-I)em'-ic. a disease ixjciiliar to a certain district. 

E-xe'-ma. An injection. 



MEDICAL D/CTIOX.Ur,- OR CLO.^S.lh'V 



51 x; 



Ex-EK-v.\'-Ti()N-. A iMss.ifncrv. . t.rca 

Kx-TF.-R.'-Tis. Innaiiiiiiatioii <if ^i u<'i>, 

Kx-To-zo'-A. Intestinal wcnn. ]:,:,. i„ .,,,„ ,,art ^f an auunal l,.„h. 
K-lMii;.M -i;-KAi.. 0|- sli. rt (hnati.m. 
El'-I-l)l•:^!'-Ic■. A disease that prevails. 
Ep-i-uekm'-is. The scarf-skin: tlie entiele. 

Er-i-GAs'-Tuic. I'ertainin- tn the npper and anteri. r part ..f the ahd.;- 
nien. 

Ep-i-glot'-tis. a leaf-sliaped cartihi-e. uho.e u~e i> t,. prevent i.o,l ,,r 
drnik from entering tlie larynx nd .il)strnetin,- ihv I,reath uhile 
eating. 

Kv-i-hEr'-nc. Subject to epilepsy or the falhng sickness, 

E-pipii'-o-RA. An ovcr-ahundant secretion of tears, causing- what is 

termed a watery eye. 
I'>-i-SPA.s'-Tic. .\n apphcation for l)Iistering. 
Ep-is-rAx'-i.s. Bleeding from the no<c. 
Ep-i-tiii-'-u-um. a layer of cells covering memhrane^. 
Er'-k-tiiism. Morbid energetic action or irritability. 
E-Ro'-siox. I-lating away ; corrosicin. 
Er'-riii.\k (er'-rin). .\ medicine for snnfiing up the n.-e to irromote the 

disdiargc of mucus. 
Er-uc-ta'-tiox. I'elching: guljjing of wind fr )m the stomach. 
E-Rup'-Tiox. A breaking out on ih.e skin. 
Es'-ciiAR (es'-kar). The dead part, killed by caur^iic or m-rtilicaliou. 

whicli falls otY. 



Eu-sta'-ciii-ax Tubk (yu-sta-ki 
middle ear and throat. 



an). .\ 



narPAv canal cimnectniu t!ie 



E 



VAC-f-A'-Tiox. Movement of the 1 



10 w 



black] 



els. or passing of urine from tlie 



er. 



:.x-ac-kr-ba'-ti()x (egz-as-er-JKi'-shun). Increase of se\ei 



Uv m a ili-ea-e. 



-X-AX 



tiie'-ma. An eruptive disease, with fever, as small-ivo.x, measK 



Ex-ci'-siox. Cutting out of a part. 

Ex-cit'-a\t. a stimulant. 

Ex-co'-Ri-AXE. To abrade or scrape < it* tire skin in 



auv wav. 



510 MEDICAL DICTIONARY OR GLOSSARY 

Ex-CRES'-CEXCE. All abnormal or unnatural growth of a part, as a wart 

or tumor. 
Ex-cre'-tiox. Waste matter thrown off from the system, as the perspira- 
tion. f;eces. etc. 
Ex-Fo'-Li-.\TE. Scaling or peeling off; separation of decayed from living 

bone. 
Ex-HA-L.\'-Tiox. Emission of vapor, air, gas. etc. 
Ex-os-To'-sis. An unnatural growth from a lx)ne ; a bony tumor. 
Ex-PEc'-TO-RAXT. A medicinc which aids the discharge of phlegm from 

the bronchial tulles or lungs. 
Ex-pec-to-ra'-tiox. Discharge of phlegm, mucus, or saliva from the 

mouth. 
E1x-pi-ra'-tiox. The act of breathing out the air from the lungs. 
Ex-trav-a-sa'-tiox. Effusion; emptying or forcing a l^uid out of its 

proper vessels. 
Ex-r-nA'-Tiox. Perspiration; the discharge of moisture on the surface 

of Iwdies. 

Fae'-cal (fe'-kal). Pertaining to the fneces. 

Fae'-ces (fe'-ceez). The natural discharges from the bowe'ls. 

F"ar-a-diz-a'-tiox. The use of the Faradic current. 

Far-i-xa'-ckous. Containing starch, as farinaceous food, starchy food. 

Fau'-ces. The back part of the mouth, at the entrance of the throat. 

Feb'-ri-fuge. a medicine which assuages fever and produces perspira- 
tion. 

Fe'-brile. Having the symptoms of fever ; feverish. 

Fe'-iur. The thigh-bone. Femoral, pertaining to the femur. 

Fet'-id. Having a rank, disagreeable odor. 

Fi'-brixe. Animal matter found in the blood. 

Fi'-BROus. Composed of small threads or fibres. 

Fil'-ter, A strainer. 

Fil-tra'-tion. Straining. 

Fist'-u-la. a deep, narrow, crooked ulcer. 

Flac'-cid (flak'-sid). Soft and weak, lax, limber; as a flaccid muscle. 

Flat'-u-len-cy, Fla'-tus. Wind in the stomach and intestines, causing 
uneasiness. 



MEDICAL Old! OS. IKY OR GLOSSARY 



511 



a wart 

irspira- 



n from 
>m the 

of its 
surface 



ood. 
rspira- 



cle. 
lusing 



Flf\'-i-ble. E. .ilyl)ein: viddinc; k, pressure. 
Fr.ooD'-i.vc.. Profuse flow of hlcMxl. 
Fi,rsn. A sudden flow of blond to the face. 
Fi.rx. An unusual discliarg-e from the l)owels. 
i-oK'-Ti-s (fe-tus). The child in tlie wunil>. 

I'o-ME.v-TA'-TiON. Bathing by means oi flannels dii)F)ed in hot water or 
medicated liquid. 

l-oR-Mi-CA'-Tiox. A sensation like the creeniuj- of ants 

J"UR-MU-LA. A prescription. 

Fract'-lre. a broken bone. 

Fric'-tiox. The act of rubbing. 

Ff-Mi-GA'-TION. A \aiK)r raised by burning. 

FuNc'-TiON. The work or office performed by any part or organ of the 

body. 
Fun'-da-ment. The seat : the lower extremity of tlie large intestine. 
Fl-n'-gus. a spongy excrescence, as proud flesh. 

Gal-van'-i-za'-tio.\. Use of the . \c current. 

Gax'-gli-on (gang'-gU-on). Ai. ^ement in the course of a nerve. 

Gan'-grene. Mortification or deadi of a part. 

Gar'-gle. a wash for the mouth and tliroat. 

Gas'-tric. Belonging to the stomach. 

Gas-tri'-tis. Fever or inflammation of the stomach. 

Ges-ta'-tion. The i)eriod of pregnancy. 

Gland. A soft body, the function of which is to secrete some fluid. 

Glot'-tis. The opening into the windpipe, covered by the epiglottis. 

Glu'-te-us. a name given to the muscles of the hip. 

Gran-u-la'-tiox. The healing of a wound or ulcer by the formation of 

graindike fleshy masses. 
Gru'-mous. Thick ; clotted ; concreted ; as grumous blood. 
Cii-T'-TUR-AL. Pertaining to the throat. 

Hab'-it. a particular state or temperament of the body. 
Hec'-tic. a remitting fever, with chills, heat and sweat. 
Hem-a-to'-sis. An excessive or morbid quantity of blood. 
Hem-i-ple'-gi-a. Paralysis of one side of the bodv. 



512 



MEDICAL DICriOXARY OR GLOSS IRY 



\ '^nittine of bloocl. 

'Bleeding ; a flow of blcM^cl. a. from the lungs, nose. etc. 
The pile;: tul^ercle from which blood or mucus .s d.s- 



He-mop'-ty-sis. 

Hem'-or-rhage. 

Hem'-or-rhoids. 

charged. 
He-pat'-ic. Pertaining to the hver. 

Hv'o«t"? 'Z:TiT:L..ry principles. aUva.s e.i.ln, i„ waur, 

HV-o.--. ^,':rtrr"an'rl.a,.nsi>,,,i.,. 

Hyp-not'-ics. Medicines which cause sleep. 
Hy-po-der'-mic. Undeitheskm. 
Hys-ter'-ic-al. Nervous ; subject to hysterm. 

rv r^ \ thin waterv. and acrid discharge from an ulcer. 
^ToP' :; n Am bid condition not preceded by any other disease. 

V^L The lower part of the small mtestmes. 

T / ^ ' Pprt-iinine to the small intestmes. 

IM BE c.lM-t1- F«blene.. ; weakness of „,ind or intelleC. 

,M-.M..--s.o.. ;^^'^"^„,,,, weakness; exhaustion. 

Tv-\-Ni'-TioN (m-a-nish-un). cn'in 

iN-ci'-soR. A front tooth that cuts or d.vides. 

IN-DIG'-E-Nous. Native to a country. 

Ik-di-gestM-bee. Difficult of d.gest,o,i_ 

lN-m.,'-PO-si-Tiox. A disorder of health. 

Tm PFr'-TioN. Contagion. 

T . Jma' tion a redness or swelling of any part. 

IN-FLAM-MA -Tiu>. 



Mcv] 



tlic 



lica 



513 

)injr. 

t'l l>v in- 



MUDICAL DKriUXARY OR Cl.USSAKY 

In-fu'-siox (in-fu-zhun). Medicine |tici>;irc(l by l)iiiliiis,' or 
In-ges'-tion ( ill-jest '-yuii ). Tlipi\vin,i^ intu the -ti iiinch. 
In-jec'-tion ( in-jek'-slnm ). Licjiiid sent into smnc \r.\xx oi 

means of a syringe'. 
In-oc-l'-la'-tiox. Communicating a disease to a ixTsmi in 

serting contagious matter in the skin. 
In-spi-ra'-tiox. Drawing or inhaling air into tlie hin,L;s. 
In-spis-sa'-tiox. Rendering a fluid tliicker l>y evaixiratiun. 
In-teg'-u-mext. a covering; the skin. 
In-ter-cos'-tal. Between the rihs. 
In-ter-mit'-text. Ceasing at intervals. 
In-tes'-tixes. The lx,nvels. 

Joint. The junction of two or more lx>nes: articulation. 

Lac'-er-a'-ted. Torn asunder. 

Lach'-ry-mal (lak'-ri-mal). Pertaining to tlie tears. 

Lac-t.\'-tiox. Act of nursing or sucking. 

Lax'-ci-xa-tixg. Piercing, as with a shar]>-ix)intcd instrument: licnce 

lancinating pain. 
Lax'-guor (lang'-gwur). Feebleness, weakness, lassitude of the l»'dy. 
Lar'-yxx. The upi)er part of the windpiin;. 

Lax'-a-tive. a mild purgative; a medicine that loosens the l-owels. 
Le'-siox. a rupture or tearing of the flesh; a wound. 
Leth'-ar-gy. Unusual or excessive drowsiness. 
Leu-cor-rhe'-a. .\ white or yellowish discharge from the wonili. 
Lig'-a-ture. a thread for tying blood-vessels to prevent hemorrhage. 
Li-ga'-tiox. The art of tying a vessel. 
Lin'-i-mext. a medicated lotion or wash ; a soft ointment. 
Lith'-ox-trip-tic. a solvent of the stone or gravel in the bladder. 
Li-thot'-o-my. The operation of cutting for stone in the bladder. 
Liv'-iD. Black and blue ; of a lead color. 

Lo'-CHi-AL. Pertaining to discharges from the wimih after chi!dl)irth. 
Lum-b.\'-go. Rheumatic pains in the loins and the small of the back. 
Lum'-bar. Pertaining to the loins. 

Lymph (limf). A whitish fluid contained by the lymphatic vessels. 
Lvm-ph.\t'-ic (vessels). Fine tubes pervading the body ; absurU'iits. 



514 



MEDICAL DICTIONARY OR GLOSSARY 



Mac-er-a'-tion. Dissolving or softening with water. 
Mac'-l'-lar. Colored spots: blemishes. 
Ma-la'-ri-a. Bad air ; air which tends to cause disease. 
Mal-for-ma'-tion. a wrong formation of structure of parts. 
Ma-lig'-nant. Virulent; dangerous; tending to produce death. 
Mar'-row. a soft substance in the bones. 
Mas-ti-ca'-tion. The act of chewing. 

Mat-u-ra'-tion. The formation of pus or matter in any part of the body. 
Me-dul'-la Oblongata. A nervous mass in the lower part of the brain. 
Men'-ses, Menstri.'.\tion. The monthly courses of women. 
Men'-strl-um. a solvent; any liquid used to dissolve solid substances. 
Me-phit'-ic. Suffocating; noxious; pestilential. 
Met-a-car'-pus. The hand lietween the wrist and fingers. 
Me-tas'-ta-sis. a change of disease from one part of the body to another. 
Met-a-tar'-sus. That part of the foot between the ankle and the toes. 
Mi'-as-ma. Miasmata. Malaria; exhalations from swamps and decaying 

matter. 
Mor'-bid. Diseased; corrupt. 
Mor-bif'-ic. Causing disease. 
Mu'-ci-lage. a glutinous, viscid fluid substance. 
Mu'-cus. The ropy, lubricating, tenacious fluid secreted by the mucous 

membrane. 
Mus'-cles (mus'-sls). The organs of motion; they constitute the flesh. 



Nar-cot'-ics. Med'cines that cause sleep, relieve pain, or stupefy. 
Nau'-se-a (naw'-she-a). Sickness at the stomach, with a desire to vomit. 
Ne'-gus. a liquor made of wine, water, sugar, nutmeg, and lemon-juice. 
Ne-phrit'-ic. Pertaining to the kidneys. 
Ner'-vi.ne. a medicine that acts on the nerves. 
Neu-ral'-gi-a. Pain of a nerve, without apparent inflammation. 
Neu-ras-the'-nia. Nervous exhaustion. 
Nor'-mal. Natural, regular. 
Nos'-TRUM. A quack or patent medicine. 

Nu-TRi'-Tious (nu-trish-us). A substance which nourishes or feeds the 
bodv. 



MEDILAL DICTIONARY OR GLO^^ARV 



o'.i 



Ob'-long. Longer than broad. 

Ob-tuse'. Dull, not acute. 

CK-de'-m.x. a watery swelling. 

Ol-f.\c'-t<)Ry Xkkvk.s. The nerves of smell. 

O-mkn'-tcm. The eaul or cnvering uf the lK)\vels. 

Opm-tu.m.'-.mi-a (of-thal'-nii-ai. Intlannnatioi! nf tlic wes. 

C-Pl-.-VTES. Medicines uhicli jjroniote s!eei>. 

Op'-tic Xerve. The nerve whicli enters the hack ])art . t the eye. 

Or-TI£op-.\oe'-.\. (ireat difficulty <.f breathing. can~e<l l,y disJase uf the 

heart or diaphragm, or asthma. 
Os'-Sl-FY. To change llesh or other soft matter into a hard, Ijony suh 

stance. 
0'-v.\TE. Oval. egg-shaiK-'d. 
O'-VUM. .\n t^g. 
Ox'-Y-GEN. A gas that forms one-fifth of the atmosi)hcre. 

.Pal'-.\te. The partition sejxirating the cavity uf the niuuth fmni tliat of 
the nose. 

Pal-pi-ia'-tiox. Unnatural action of the heart, in which it beats t-(; rap- 
idly and strongly. 

Pan-a-ce'-a. a cure-all ; a universal medicine. 

Pa-pil'-i.a. a red, elevated jxiint \\\nm the tongue or cl<(.\\liiic. 

Par-.\-cen-te'-sis. Puncturing the chest or abdomen i-r tlie purjio-e of 
drawing ofif water. 

Pa-ral'-y-sis. Palsy; a loss of the power of nioiic n in any part of tlie 
system. 

Par-a-lyt'-ic. One afifected with or inclined to i)alsy. 

Par-a-ple'-gi-a. Paralysis of the lower half of the b idy. 

Par'-ox-ysm. a fit of disease taking place i)eriodicall} . 

Par-tu-ri'-tion. Child-birth. 

Pec'-tor-al. Pertaining to the chest. 

Pel'-vis. a bony cavity forming the lower part of the trunk < i the 
body. 

Pep'-sin. An important element of the gastric jnice. 

Per-i-car'-di-um. The sac inclosing the heart. 



5^(* 



MEDICAL DICTIONARY OR GLOSSARY 



PiiR-si'i-RA'-Tiox. Sweat, insensible evacuation of the tluids tlirough the 
pores of the skin. 

Per-i-ne'-lm. The space l>ct\veen the anus and testicles. 

1'f.r-i o.s'-tk-l'M. a thin, hard nienihrane coverinj.; the Ixines. 

I'i:r-i-to-n-k'-i-m. The meniijrane lining the al)d(inien and covering the 
Ixjwels. 

l'i;-Ti:'-ciii-.\t:. Purple spots which apivear u]K)n the skin in low fevers. 

I'iiag-e-uen'-ic. Corroding; eating: ajjplied to ulcers. 

Pua-l.vn'-ges. The Ixnies of the tingcrs and toes. 

Piileg-mat'-ic. . Mm lunding in phlegm; cold; dull; sluggish; heavy. 

Piiar'-yxx. The upjx^r part of the throat. 

PiiLO-Gis'-Tic. Inllaniniatory. 

Phtij.ys'-ic-al (tiz'-ik-al). A condition of tiie system tending to pulmo- 
nary consumption. 

Phlegm (flem). A stringy mucus of the respiratory and digestive pas- 
sages. 

Ple'-thor-ic. Of a full habit of body. 

Pleu'-ra. a membrane that lines the inside of the chest and covers the 
lungs. 

]'lel"'-ri-sy. Inflammation of the pleura. 

Pneu-mo'-ni-a (nu-mo-ni-a). Inflammation of the substance of the lungs. 

Pol'-y-pl's. i\. pear-shai)ed tumor. 

Pre-scrip'-tion. The f(jrmula for the prejKiration of medicines. 

Probe. An instrument for examining the depth of a wound. 

Prog-xo'-sis. The art of foretelling the termination of a disease. 

Propu-y-lac'-tic. a medicine to prevent disease. 

Pty'-.\-lism (ty'-a-lism). A copious flow of saliva ; salivation. 

Pu-bes'-cext. Covered with down or very short hairs. 

Pul'-mo-xa-ry. Pertaining to or affecting the lungs. 

Pulp. A soft mass. 

Pulse. The lieating or throbbing of the heart or blood-vessels, especially 
of the arteries. 

Pun'-gext. Sharp, piercing, biting, stimulating. 

Pur'-g.\-tive. a medicine acting on the bowels to loosen them. 

Pu'-RULEXT. Consisting of pus or matter. 

Pus. Yellowish white matter, found in abscesses, etc. 



MIIDIC.iL DlCTIOX.lKV oR <,LOSS.L\y -,y 

PUS'-TULES. I-.lcvatin„> of the ^kiu liav in,;; an inllanu.l l,a>c and contain- 
ing pus. 

Pl--TRKS'-CEXT. Deccmin- ,,utri.I; i.crtannn.i,^ i, i\k- prm-os of putrefac- 
tion. 
Py-ro'-si.s. a iK-cuIiar disease of tlie stoniacl; called water-hra.li. 

Re-^'-tl-m. The termination of the large interline. 
Re-frig'-er-a.\t. MecHcines winch lessen the iieat of the Inxiy. 
Reg'-i-mex. The regulation of diet in order to proerve or restore health. 
Res-o-ll-'-tion. Disi)ersion of an intlainniation U-fore pu> is formed. 
Re-solv'-ents. Medicines to di.ssipate intlamination. 
Res-pi-ra'-tiox. Tlie process of breathing. 
Re-sus-ci-ta'-tion. Reviving from apparent dcatli. a.> drowning. 
Ret'-i-xa. Tlic semi-transparent, internal nervous tis>ue of the eye. 
Rl--be-fa'-ciexts (shents;. Applications that cau>e redness of the skin. 
Rl--bif'-ic. Making red. 

S.\c'-ctr.\-RixK (rin). Sugary; having the (iualitie> of ,,iijrar. 

Sa-li'-va. Tlie spittle : the secretions of the salivary glands of the mouth. 

Sal-i-v.v'-tiox. Increase of the secret: n of saliva. 

Sax'-a-tive. Healing, or tending to heal. 

Sax'-guixe (sang-guinj. Alxjunding in blood, or having the ojlor 
thereof. 

Sa'-xi-es. a thin, often purulent discharge from wounds or sores. 

Scab. A crust formed over a sore in healing. 

Scarf Skix. The outer skin of tlie body. 

Scir'-rhous (^skir'-rus). Hard, knotty. 

ScuR-Bu'-Tic. Pertaining to. or partaking of tlie nature of scurvy. 

ScRO'-TUM. The bag containing the testicles. 

Se-cre'-tiox. The separation of any substance from the blood for a spe- 
cial purpose. 

Sed'-a-tive. A quieting medicine which allays irritation and >ootlies i>ain. 

Sed'-en-ta-ry. Accustomed to. or requiring much sitting: inactive. 

Sem'-i-nal. Pertaining to or contained in seed. 

Se'-rous. Thin, watery, like whey. 

Se'-ru.m. The watery parts of the blood, or of milk. 



5»8 



MEDICAL DlLTIOSARY OR GLOSSARY 



Sl-Ai/-o-C(H;ri:s. Mi-diciiics that promote the How of saHva. 

Sin'-a-imsm. a imtstanl plaster. 

Sin'-evv (sin'-yu). Tliat wliich unites a muscle tn a Ixnie. 

Si.oi(;ii (sluf). The i>art tliat separates fmm a wnuiid. 

Slolcii'-ing ( shiff'-ing ). The separation of the ilead tiesh from a sore. 

So-i.f'-TioN. A licjuid in wliich a solid substance has l>€cn dissolved. 

S(>i/-vK.\T. Havint,' the power to dissolve solid substances. 

Sor'-dks. The dark matter deposited uin.n the lips and teeth in low fevers. 

Sp.vsm. An involuntary contraction of the muscles. 

Spe-cif'-ic. An infallible remedy. 

Si'i'-.\'AL C01/-UM.N. The ..^ck-lM-ne. 

Spi'-nal Cord. The nervous marrow in the spinal column. 

SpLKii.v. The milt ; it is situated in the abdomen and attached to the 

stomach. 
Sqi-a'-.mols (s(|ua'-mus). Scaly; having scale:.. 
Stek'-.nl'.m. The breast-Imne. 

Ster'-tor. Xoisy breathing, as in ajxiplexy; snoring. 
Ster-to'-rols. Snoring. 
Stim'-l'-I-ants. Medicines that excite. 

Sto-macii'-ic. a cordial f^r the stomach, exciting its action. 
Stool. A discharge from the bowels. 
Stran'-gl-rv. Difficult and painful expulsion of urine. 
Strict'-lre. Unnatural contraction of any passage of the body. 
Stru'-ma. Scrofula. 
Stl'-por. Insensibility; numbness. 

Styp'-tic. A medicine which coagulates the Jood, and stops bleeding. 
Si'b-cu-ta'-ne-ois. Under the skin. 
Sf-DOR-iF'-ics. Medicines that cause sweating. 
Si'P-Pos'-i-TORiE^:. Medicinal substances introduced into the rectum to 

favor or restrain evacuations, or to ease pain. 
Sup-Pu'-R.VTiON. Forming of pus. 

Sut'-ire. The peculiar joint uniting the bones of the skull. 
Symp'-tom. a sign or token; the {peculiar marks of any disease. 
Svn'-co-pe. Fainting or swooning. 
Syn'-o-ciia. Inflammatory fever. 
Sypii-i-lit'-ic. Pertaming to the venereal disease or pox. 



MnnicAL nu iiox.ih'v oa- (,7.n.s.s./A'y 



5"> 



Syr'-INOk. An instnnm-m for iiijcctiii-,' !i.|ui.k in;,, tin- •HiwcN, car, ihr-iat. 



or Dtlicr cavities of the IxmIv, 



Te.m'-pi:r-a-mi:\t. Indiviilnal ciiivtitiitinii ; a |iivi;liar lial.it . f 1mi.Iv. 

Ten'-don. a filinms oml aitailicl t-. tju' ixtrcmitv <>{ a iim-cii-. 

Te-nes'-mi-s. a painful k-ariiitj <l..uii MMisaiimi in tlic Iwuir biwels. . 

Tense, Tkn'siox. Rijri,!. hard, stitf; drawn tij,'Iniy. 

Ti:i''-ii). Warm, but not liot. 

Ter'-ti.\.\ (tcr-slinn). (Vcmrinj; every otlicr day. 

Te.s'-ti-CLI'.s. Two j^dandnlar lio.lie^ sj'uated in the xrotuni. k'lon.ynit; to 
till male or^jans of j^cncration. 

Tet'-a-nls. Locked jaw. 

Tib'-i-a. The larjje l)one of the let; Ixlow the knee. 

Tinct'-l-re. MecUcine dissoIvc<l in alcohol. 

Tho'-rax. The cavity of tiie chest, 

To'-me\-tose. Downy: nappy: covered with the tuu-t ]iair> or il'jwn. 

ToR-Mi'-XA. Severe Kril'injj pains. 

Ton'-ics. Remedies wiiich >;ivc tone and strength to the >\>ttm. 

Ton'-siu.s. Cilands sitnated on each side of the throat. 

ToR'-pin. r^ " stnpid. 

Tra'-ciie-.i. X windi)ii)c. 

Tre'-mor. Invoinntary skakinj;. 

Tu'-ber-ci.e ( tu'-lKT-kl). A pinii>ic. swellinj;-. or small tumor. 

Tu-me-fac'-ti()X. The act of swellinjj^ or forminjj a tumor. 

Tu'-MOR. A distention or enlargement of any part of the kidy ; a swell- 
ing. 

Ty'-phoiu. Resemhlinjj typhus ; weak: low. 

Ty'-phl's. A form of low nervous fever, malignant, infectious, etc. 

Ul'-cer. a sore, discharging pus. 

Um-bil'-ic. The navel, or pertaining to the navel. 

U'-REA. A substance found in the urine. 

U-re'-ter. The duct or tul)c through which the urine passes from the 

Icidneys to the bladder. 
U-re'-thra. The canal of the penis through which the urine pas-c>- fn/n 

the bcxiv. 



520 



MEDICAL DICTIOSARY OR GLOSSARY 



L"-KINK. Water cvaciiatcil fmin the bladiUr. 
U'-TE-Ris. The womb. 

U'-vi-i..\. Tlic small conical ImhIv pri)jectinfj from the middle i)f the soft 
palate. 

Vac'-ci-nate ( vak'-sitMiate). To inoculate with the cow-pox by inserting 

the vaccine in the skin. 
Vac'-cine (vak'-sin). Hclon^inj? to, or matter of, the cow-ihix. 
Va-ui'-na. The passaj,'e tliat cniniccts the vulva with the womb. 
Vag-in-is'-.mls. Spasm of the vagina, caused by morbid irritability. 
Val-e-tu-oi-na'-ki-an. a |)erson of a weak, infirm, or sickly constitution. 
VA-Ki'-o-LOf s. Pertaininff tu or denoting small-i)ox. 
Ve'-iii-cle (ve'-hi-kl). A litjuor in which to administer medicines. 
Ven'-e-rv. Sexual intercourse. 
\'e' xoi'.s. Relating to the veins. 
\"e.v-ti-la'-tio.n. .\ free admission or motion of air. 
\'ER'-Mi-Fir.E. .\ medicine that expels worms. 
Ver'-ti-go. Dizziness; swimming' of the head. 
Ves'-i-ca-tinc. Blistering. 

Ves'-i-cee (ves'-i-kl). .\ little bladder of water formed under the skin. 
Vir'-l'-eent. Extremely injurious; malignant; poisonous. 
Vi'-RL'S. Active, contagious matter. 
Vis'-CE-RA. The internal organ of the body. 
Vis'-ciu. Glutinous ; sticky ; tenacious. 

Vit'-re-ous HfMOR. One of the fluids of the eye, resembling glass. 
Vol'-a-tile. Easily evaporated ; substances that waste away on exposure 

to the atmosphere. 
Vul'-ner-a-ry. Pertaining to wounds. 
Vul'-va. The external jxirts of the female organs of generation. 



Zy-mot'-ic. Contagious ; infectious ; such diseases as may be inoculated. 



PRESCRIPTION RHGISTF.R. 



■!«ri,»^»TIOV Th. ,...„Kn.,r„„. K.,.„..r 

l» 10 rPM.rd |.r.-.rl|,.i,„„a„.| r. in.., ,• . |,„„ 

b....n proved valuahl... *hl, i, »..,„|,, ,.„>..rwi... t». 
Irr.rarably !„,, ,,r l,r,,„iu,„, ||„ ,.„„.„„. ,, , 
■lu|.l(.nt... .\ proper ...tr,-. In ..mh ra... will giv.. 
the dl,e«»e 11 I. |nt..«,l..,I ,o r. Il.w iI.h .|.,>, 
«h'f. Ih.. r>hy.l.l»„ «,H ,ail...i, „r »,„ „ .'i,,. 
""■""'""• *«' "«•■«■ by whnm pr,.H, rll,..,| „.. 
r^QUlrod d„...; .ho I.ruwu. ,„„„„,„„„„„ „ 
and Ih.- prpirrlptl.in numbrr. ThHr prr-rv .||„„ 
for fmurr u.^ »||| be found n»t „„ly a ,„„. 
v..ntenr... but will .,r„.„ „rov.. "a frlrnd 1.. „....,! • 
inakInK IhU „„ InvaluabU- r.-uiur,. „f ,h- w.,rk 
8to «nnfx«'d blank nil.d out, 

TIIK mil.lsilKn 



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Compound Spirit! a| jth«r. 
Sirup ol Tolu. 
Otl« Ounce iJJ Cr.m,) „ch 
One Tmpoonlul. 
Eirer) Hill Hour. 



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