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Full text of "Isaac Pitman's short course in shorthand [microform] : an exposition of the author's system of phonography arranged in forty lessons ; designed for use in business colleges, high schools, and for self instruction"

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A /APPLIED IN/MGE 



Inc 



1653 East Main Street 

Rochester, New York 14609 USA 

(716) 482 -0300 -Phone 

(716) 288 - 5989 -Fax 



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i-f 



I 

I ISAAC PITMAN'S 

i 

! 

Short Course in Shorthand 

An Exposition of the Author's System of 

Phonography arranged in 

FORTY LHSSONS 



Designed for use in 

BUSINESS COLLEGES, HIGH SCHOOLS, and 

FOR SELF INSTRUCTION 



JtlORTHANDl 



TORONTO, CANADA: 

THE COMMERCIAL TEXT BOOK COMi'ANV. 

THE COIT. CLARK CO., LLMITEI). 

I NEW \'ORK : 

! Isaac I'itman tV Sons, Thk Phonographk Dkici, 

31 Union Sfj'iARE. 

I LONDON : 

Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Limited, 1 Amen Co:<\kr, E.C. 

1906. 



- J 



T^ 






Printed by 

Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Liu, 

Bath. 

445 
(i I 



■!■ 



COPYRIGHT IN THE UNITED 
STATES OF AMR RICA. 1906, 
BV ISAAC PITMAN and SONS. 

Entered at Stationers' Mall. 
LONDON, ENGLAND, 1906. 
The cover design with facsimile 

SIGNATURE IS A TRADE MARK 

IN THE British Empire and 
THE United States of America. 






I 



CON T I ; N T S . 



4 



Li:sM' 
I. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
ti. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 



C'.nsonants arid Srcdrid-I'liicc Lunif X'owcK 
Consonants and First- I'liicc l.i n^' N't.wcls 
Consonants and Third- I'laco Lou;,' Vowels 
Sliort Vowols ... 

Diphthonffs and I'lirascogmpliv 

Keviow . . 

Circle iS anrl Z 

Loops ST and STU 

Circ-K's 8W and .v.S 

Vowel IndiiMtion 

Kcview 

Initi.ll Hooks to Strnifjlit )kes 

Initial Hooks to Curves 

Initial II(poksto Curves (eoneliided) 

Cirel's and Lix p> prefixed t.> Iiiili;il Hooks 

-V and T Hooks 

Circles riic Loops addot". tc ITinn. Hooka 

Review ... 

•Tioy Hopk 

-77o:>r Hook (concluded) 

Additional DoiiMe (ons run. ts 

Tick and ])..t // 

I pwurd and Downward 1, 

l'])wni(l and Dow ward It 



.S 
10 
14 
19 
23 
28 
32 
37 
40 
44 
49 
52 
55 
59 
63 
Go 
70 
V-.- 
'3 
83 
87 
9! 
96 
100 



1 13707 



IV 

Lv.rr.os 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
'M. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
3o. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 



CONTENTS. 



Kcviow 

The llnlvii){j Principle 

The iralvinjr Pnncij.I." ^c-(.iiclu(lc(l) 

The Doubliiijj Pi-iiKJpIc 

Vccalizi'.tion cf (Lo PL rr.^} P7? pcrips 

fC and )■ Diphtlionjjs 

Disvllubif i)i|ili(bonfrn 

Uoviow ... 

Prefixes 

Suffixes .. 

< )inis,si( in of Consonants 
Figures... 

Compound Words ... 

Interseetions 

DistinguisLin;; Vowels 

Similar Words ... 

The (irummulogs and Contractions 

Contractions for Names of States and Territories 

Fifty Principal Cities arranged according to Population 

(irammnlogs ali)hnbetically arranged 

Contracted Words alpbabetienlly arranged 

Index 



Page 

104 

107 

112 

117 

122 

127 

132 

136 

138 

144 

149 

153 

158 

162 

165 

168 

173 

178 

179 

180 

184 

189 



ISAAC PITiMAN'S 

SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND 



LESSON 1. 

CONSONANTS AND SECOND.PLACE LONG 
VOWELS 

sr>ellini w "''..^'r''^""'^ '' ^'^'""^'^■^ the ordinary 
r Z. rZl 'f ^ ^^--^arded. and the .v..^,/,; J 

cha^teS Sio^r Tinr •'^' ^'^ ^^^-^^^^-^^ 



Knae 

M,nl 

Pole 

Pier 

Sew 

Niiim 



f-oo-lll, 
»-e 

(l-o-r 
m-a-1 
p-O-J 
J»-e.r 

.V-/7 

ni-e-l 



5 

■5 



6 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



2. In order that the writer may spell phonetically, in 
accordance with the foregoing? directions, he is provided 
with a sign for every sound in the language. The 
following eight signs represent the fii-st eight consonants 
of the phonographic alphabet. The learner will notice 
that the signs are given in pairs, a light sign and a 
heavy one; and that the light sign represents a light 
sound, while the heavi/ sign represents a heavy sound. 
There is, therefore, a correspondence between the sounds 
heard and the signs used to represent them. He should 
copy the signs over and over again, until he knows them 
thorouf-.hly, and can name and write them with ease. 
Facility in the use of the shorthand characters will come 
with practice. The upright and slanting letters are to 
be written downward, with the ends resting on the nUed 
line in the writer's note-book. The horizontal letters are 
to be written from lift to right, and resting on the line, 
as in the examjjles which follow. 



Letter. 


Character. 


y^aiiie. 


..-^.v ill 


P 


\ 


pee 


rope, past, pay 


B 


\ 


})ee 


Yolte, hoast, hay 


T 




tee 


(ate, tip. oaf 


D 


1 


dee 


iade, (/ip, o<le 


CH 


/ 


chay 


ett'h, (7<est, f Aoke 


J 


/ 


jay 


edge, ./est, .;oke 

* 


K 




kay 


leek; A'ate, pick 


G 


— 


Ray 


leagne, j/ate, pig 



\ 



J i 



1 .\..\. 



\ 



SECOND-PLACE LONG VOWELS. 

Exepcise 1. 

Bead, copy, and transcribe. 



.\.\ 



2I--' I--I l.-l LJ [..J I...I I.J LI 

3 /./...././...././...././ /./ // // jj 



3. Outlines containing two or more consonajits should 
be written without lifting the uen from the paper, a 
tol owing stroke commencing where the preceding one 
ends; thus ^ 



•>• -^ k- -I k -^ 

pch, hi, ip, ,ft, rhp, kg, kp. 



hg. 



Exepcise 2. 

B^ad, copy, and transcribe. 



^^>-v^ ) >-^-^-\- . 

^>-V>-->-^->- 1 1 1,-V-^ 

' ^ 3:\..:-7 



4. The long vowels a and J, a^ heard in the words sa„ 
and fl-o, ai-e represented by a heavy dot and a short, heavy 
dash resi^etively. These vowels ai-e called sevond-pJarc 
rou-ch^ because the,^ ai-e three places for vowels along 
side of each consonant stroke, and these two vowels 
put in the mi'ldle or second ]AMe;a».^.. pay, .... 
\'... doc, ... . Co. 



-place 
ng- 
are 



\ 



SHORT COUltSi: IN SIfCKTHAND. 



5. A vowel j)l:iced at the hfl lunuJ s'nh' of tm I'liritjhf 
or slauliiiif consonant, or ahoi-f a Iiorhmilut consonant, 

is i*ead hcforc the consonant; tlnis ..^.. upc, ..'X.. oat, 
.../.. (i(/c, — ! — oak. 

6. A vowel placed at the >vV//// hattd side of an npr'njlit 
or xhmt'uuj coniionant. or hi'h>tr a horizoiihil consonant, 

is i-ead offer the consonant ; thus .N> . lai/. ...I".. t<ie, 

.-/'... jail. -.— -- (JO. 






Exercise 3. 

Mead, copy, and transcrihe. 



^^ ^ §-^--^ V^ ^ ^' 

2 (v. L_ rl I- . I- |t /L / _^ 



"7 



-n 



^ ^ ^■ 



/- 



-I I- 



■I- 



A 



7. The learner will obsei-ve that in all the words of 
the precedin},' exercise the .//r.v/ doinistrol-e i-ests on the 
line; and that where a downstroke is preceded by a 
horizontal letter, the latter is written ahoce the line, so 
that the douTistroke may i-est on the line. The position 
thus indicated is called the svi-ond position, and the 
words in the pi-ecedin^ exercise are written in this 
position l)eca\ise the vowel in each word is a .s-eroiid-p/aee 
vowel. In succeeding; exercises, whei-ever the vowel, or. 
if there l>e more than one vowel in the word, tlie principal 
or distingnishinjr vowel, is a second-place vowel, the out- 
line must l)e written in the second position, as here 
explained. 

8. In shorthand, a small cross ( x ) is used for a 
l>eriod ; the sijm '—^ is employed to express a dash ; and 
other punctuation marks are written as usual. Two 



.! 



SEC().\J)-I'r,ACK LONd VoVVKLS. «) 

Hh.»rt lines dniwri inidernouth uii ..utlliie iiulk-ato uii 
initial caiMtal; as -A- "r\ .J„h C„pe. 

!>. Words of f'iV(|uont occun-ence ai-e expi-esscl in 
shoi-than.l l»y one of tlieir letters. A w,m1 thus al.l.ro- 
viated is called a (jrainmoh,,, ; the httcr which is used 
to represent the whole word is called a l<u,o,/nn„. The 
stn.lent should leam the jn-amnuilojfs as thoroufrhlv as 
possil.le. because a knowledjre of them is necessarV in 
fast nritintr. Throutrhont the exercises in this book'the 
tn-auunaloffs and contr.ictions are printed in ifalir. 
Graaimalogs. 



(I or (III, 



the. 



all, V t(n) or tn'ii. 



^ ^O' c"'^' or Oh ! I he. ...'... or,, . hut. 



i4_ 

'J].... 



Exercise 4. 

Bead, ropi/, and traitsrnhe. 



-^ 



-\... 



N X- 



L- I ' /• 

} ' » t - *- 

N ^.x 3 L \^ 

-N L ..X N ..::7 ' 

■I ^ V- -..Xx ({ 



- "f. 



...L.... 



\ 



-.< 






«-| / X 

5 L ..: \ 

-^--N.-:l :^..N A_ X 

Exercise 6 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. Job Day. take the cai)e to the l)oat ^v-day. 

2. He paid Jt)e Cope to take the UyaL 

M. Take the cocoa to the pay'e on the boat. 

4. Joe, a joke ! Take tew eitrht page ode o» cake /«> Jake 

^o-day. 

5. Take the pajare to the oak. 

6. 7/;° towed the lx)at A> //«' oak to-day. 



LESSON 2. 

CONSONANTS AND FIRST-PLACE LONG 
VOWELS. 

10. The next four paii-s of eonsonants are cio'ves, and 
they are wi'itten (Immward. They may Ije joined to each 
t>ther. or to other ( onsonants. in the same way as the 
strai^lit letters are joined, a followinj'" consonant com- 
mencing? where n preceding (jne ends. 



r 



Letter. 


Chanii'ter. 


X(niie. 


A.-i hi 


F 


^ 


ef 


sa/e, ./;it. leay 


V 


'^ 


vee 


sare. rat. leare 1 


Tir 


( 


ith 


wrea///. t/ngh. ha/// 


TH 


( 


thee 


wreaTHe. THy. haTHe 


S 


) 


ess 


ire, t\iih, hire 


z 


) 


zee 


ooze. Zion. lary 


SH 


J 


ish 


i\.-://. .v//?. la>7/ 


ZH 


J 


zhee 


mea.snre. trcji^in-e. wsval 



10 



FIKST PLACE LONO VOWELS, 

Exercise 6. 

iif'ad, copff. ami tratiscnhe. 



11 



2X.( (..< U i.i (..< (..( 



..X..^ 



(..( (...( 



^>-> ^-->-->-) )-> )-) 1X...)..1 ).,) 

* ^-^ -^•-/ J-. J J.J J J J J 

11. The letter sh is always written doimward when 
standing alone, that is. when it is not joined to another 
letter as in the preceding exercise; but when it is 
joined to another letter it may be written upwanl if 
the upward foi-m is more convenif nt. As a rule, it will 
be tound to be more conveniently written upward when 
it immediately precede3 V. , V^ , ( , ( or T (I) ■ 
and also when it immediately follows V, , V^ . or I 
In other cases, it will generally be bette'r to "write sh 
aotcn ward. 

Exercise 7. 

Bead, copy, and transcribe. 



2 -A A^ v_y 



I <- 

SU.....J^ v.. 



... ^...^ 

. f .y....i-....:.......:7 L.....J. ...^.....^...^....v^> 

12. The vowels ah and aw, as heard in the words pa 
and paw, are repiesented l)y a heavy dot and a nhort, 
heavy dash i-esijectively, like the vowels explained in the 



12 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND, 



l)re«'e(linf? lesson. The vowels ah ;u\a\ aic. ho-ever. aio 
i"A\\ii(\Jh'sf.pl(trf vowels, leciuise they are \n\t in the.///.v/ 
vowel pliU'O, i.e..-Ai the h<(jinniihj ..f ;i consonant; thus 



^ — 

...>.. pa. ->.. paw, -!- ... rair. 



- auk. 



13. (a) The outline of any word containing a first- 
pla-c vowel only, or in which the principal or distinfjuish- 
in«? vowel is a first -pi ace vowel, is written in the frst 
position, ahore the line; thus .r^' Shall. 

(h) When the word consists of u horizontal letter 
pi-eceded or folk)wed by m uprig-ht or slanting; letter, 
the horizontal letter is raised, so as o allow the uprijfht 
or slantinj^ letter to occupy the fi.st position; thus 
-i^rr. talk. 

(r) If the word consists of more than one upright or 
slantin-^ letter, it is the frst of such letters which nnist 
cMJCupy the Hi-st position. Note the followinjr c-'xamples : 

*««> ' caulk, .'...Lcawed, \.. ljou(//it, ..\.. daub. 

Exercise 8. 

Head, ropi/, and transcribe, 

i\.S [ .^ -x ^, II -| z: •- 

-^ ' '-^- ^ ^-^.--^...v,:)- 

3-^ ^.....^r...^....^....X ') Vc i ): 



-\.foh', J_af, I it. 



Grammalogs, 

'• - hif or bill/. N bf, 



-(twe or nil ft Jit. t irfin. (nw) n^ul ■ (y^^ -t-^^.ti 

.. ■ <-:■! ...III. . \\i-^-, ?!„Qllflf, 

^ happy, \ lip. ..V . ^ 



pin . 



-. out. 



1 .r. 



\ 



FIRST-PLACE LOX,J VoHKLS. 

Exercise 9. 

Meuil, vop,/, and (ranwrihe. 

J. 



13 



4 » \ 



^^ -^^^N^^^-XA Tv:. 

•f'\Y -:n4, :^, , 

T'^ 

Exercise 10. 

1. Both Joe Cope u^al Jake R,.re show^.l 

show /o-diiy. f>iiowe(l . ir,,at af the 

-'• Jol), take the bout r/.^,/ »,,/ // „.^ J,,, I, ^ 

' i;, ''"•''''^'^ '^" '^'' l'"t on tin- coudi. 
'• ■•■"<?>' say Job Bate mif nit th e ^^. 

towed // ^, '/,, bay. ' ^''^^ '"' ''''^' '^^* -'^^ 



LESSON 3. 

CONSONANTS AND TIf IRD-PLACE LONG 
VOWELS. 

1 1. Tii.> rMiti.ir.1o.--f tli- .•.msoiiiints nr.' siiiylc str.>\-.'s 
n..t pnh-s. i.n.l tl..'. .uv all lUjhi niyns ♦.xi..«i,t w [,„i) 
winch .s li ;.vy. 'I'li.' thiw h„nzn„la1 hitcrs --^ . ^'. . 
v,^ . aiv -.vritu';! i'rom /r/y /„ /•//////'; /^'~ . ,^ ^ ,,^ 

c^'' . :iTi(l o"' . :,n« written //.>/r-/yv/; and "^ aTil 7 
an> written (loiri.ininl. 



Lith-r. ('fiiiriiftfi'.] Xmiic. 

M I .---. 



N 
NO 



R 
R 



W 



H 



L. 



H 



■^ 



^ 



.'111 



in* 



ray 



v.av 



y:i' 



ii;iv 



. /.v /// 



'S;':''.v. yy/i't. t-!ii,',,'i> 



:'ey/. y^'t. Chi/. I 



'<• ///. si//^/. -f^a//*/ 



ta' 



lie. 



luoa/ 



u- my. a/'* 



iHi.-e 



>-ate. r(>j.'ue, n^ht 



inma. airiwQ, /reep 
I'ale. //oke. //ore 
/'<>i>e, ail/zere. //urry 



/•0)l 



14 



f 



THIRD-PLACK LONG V0WEL8. ,5 

Exercise ii. 

'-- w _..r,...:^ ^.^ ^...^..../ 

' ^' "^ •^ ^ ^ ^-r\ :^... / ^ 

*-- '^ ^ ■- ^.../._ ^7^ 

15. It will he noticed thif f»,«. 
are each ;.ronde(l with two / ^""«^"'^nts R anrl „ 
dcmi^troke. This .^JLonv ' "" "'^^''-ke and a 

eensonants, and also for thp n!!'*'"'"' "* Joining- to other 
n fast writing. ^ JZ^ ^^^ '!'-'-' '""/-.V. 
fomis wiJI he fully exnln,i "^ *'"" "^'^ «f t^^'"*- 

;--while,thefolWin^t:; "^^^ ^^ter lesson, h,., 
t^» the learner: statement will J^ ..^efnl 

as .-^ ,;, -> , ""• '''" ''""'"-'"''f fonn is used : 

(<•) The t,p,ra,',f form of « • 



,•! 



i: i- 



10 8UORT C0UR8K IN SHORTHAND. 

Exepcise 12. 

Kea(l. ropi/, and transvrilw. 

y ^t-^.. ^.... ^r^ _/->. .'5" yO..../0 .(^~~. 

2 r^s^..:r.. :>\ .:^, x a. ...a /c:. -^ 

Exepcise 13. 

1. May they (ff/ take ii share af thr pinie ' 

•1. Mail ///f' bale (/tapi' to Haf.aie (^ (/ Hay /"-day. 

n. Take <f// ///r coal /<// Itoat /'>-day. 

4. Put up <i loaf; /)(■ oiff /,,/ ionr; an,! take ///r coach at 

the jrato. 
o. Paul (>//r/ Jake may he at t/i shore. 
«>. Tl«?y sliiui/il alf lir mit hi/ four. 

17. The vowels c and w. as heard in the words keep 
and ryr;/, are expressed, like the vowels already explained, 
l>y a heavy uot and a short heavy dash resijectively. 
They are called thint-phu-v vowels, liecause they arc 
WTitten in the third vowel place, i.e.. at the onl oi" n 
consonant; thns ...[_... ^w. .^>. ha,, \^. fc(\ ' . cW. 

IH. {ii) Tlie outline of any word in which the vowel, or 
the principal or distintruishinir vowel, is a thinl-phivr 
vowel, must lie written in the thinl position, throiKjIi the 
line; and v. hen th.-^ outline of the word consists of an 
upright or slantin<r letter immediately preceded or 
followed by : horizontal letter, the latter is towered, so 



IV,\ 



THIRD-PLACE LONO VOWELS 17 

that the uini^ht or slanting letter may J^ writt^^n 
th^n.h the h„e; thus .-^ ,..,, ..:^. ,,,;, V^^^ 

^ ' -.>•'""'•'''• ■•-;;1- '-'•'^- -v.---"' J^ -- 

as rPnni«.lT ., '^ ""^* <'*^^'"I'y the position 

Vrl,^!"i" ^//''■'?'"'-'' ">"'' »«■>" ''»'«»«. (««, 



Exepoise 14. 

-ffeaf^, copy, and transcribe. 

'■V-V-.-4.--l.--./-..^-. I ^ ^ _ 



3 V^ ..|<r:..._yC..._^' 



t-<-/^-^. 



^, 



•V^ 



"Vs. W Y- 



-u, 






« s. c. 



18 sh.hit coursk in shorthand. 

Grammalogs. 
.-)... httd. I (Jo. ...y (Ji,ir<t'(»t or iHlfcrcnrc. ../.... mifch, 

' irhh-h. .../... cavil. ..'.. latuje rati. roi.u: 

I/O i)r <i</». —^ !/irr or (/I'rcii. 

Exercise 15. 

Rfdil. I'ltpi/. onil traiisrrihe. 

i<^.i./-s...L-..,...^........x....^ /^, 

2 l-i ..^...v . ;...^ ; . ; ..:... ~.±.XJ,2 

3^ : ^ ^1 -I X ^. 

ALl...Kp.. — X ^...,.rA...:sr-.^...xi 

5(...<\..x...Il_ .l..\...^ \ k^..^._. 



6 (■..'. 



\ 



\ 



..- \ ),.../.. 



7.^.1 . ../7^..^..A../...<^..^..1. 



y- 



9 



Y 



J.. 



Exercise 16. 

Write ill Shorthand. 

1. Which way .should tliey (jo to reach the pool ? 

2. Do they rend a dljf'crcit page Z'^-day ? 

;j. 7/r may //<> />.// //r coach. ^f«f/ take the lx)at f// ///r pier. 

4. 6^0. Joe Booth, and show //^r poor page the dU/'eretiee. 

5. 7/r .shoiilif })e uii the road />^ four. 

(). Tliey had to i/o a dljlei'dit way at sea. 

7. They fear they may Iw out of the way. 

8. Leave a hnye shaiv (>/' the food '>« //<p boat; // may 

make iiiKvh dUference to Joe Shaw. 



LESSON 4. 

SHORT VOWELS 

20. The i^huH vowels, u e r n - - 
words •• n,^, ,,,., .^. U.;^l"\r^ ^^ heard in the 

<l<^ts and short dashes sim • • o T "'''■' f'^"'"''''^^^ ''>' 

xtrolte «,M„„a,„ ' Th ' > " ■ '''' "■'* ""•''"•'' *« "- 
Jlr.!.,,,.,,;.. »™,„,.,v„^ a'V;,': ""'/•"'fed ■■e.liertively 

- «. "^ ... ai... 4 fc i*S;'7 ;-«'' ^ wnk 

•imi.les; -N 4,;/ V,., "<"» the followinK ex- 

"^■''".Tint- Ix-tweea tw„ i""ti!,' ■ "'" "'' ''""■'■ 

-"■"»'' ../,W,.. Tl,e o V ,, ,', "■■■'"<■'" '".'"'■'• '/«• 

"'"'•' v„wei, a„„ ;l' ^ rr.' ;'™"', ^ "'" •'-""'■ 

^^ "■■■■'■'■■ No. 1,:: ■?,.,t-; ■;■::-•."/;■'■ ;/-^ 

1 " 



::; 



I 



i^^m" 



20 



SHORT COUKSE IN SHORTHAND. 



voaL 



proveminff the position of words containing long vowels. 

For example: ."^o-. palm, \^. pack ; X huHe, 

-X.^.. heck; .J_.. deem, .[_.. dim ; ..\L wroufflif^ ..'f.L rot; 
— J^. ciiU ; \^. poof, \^. puff. 

Exercise 17. 

Head, copy, and transcribe. 



l--^ k--l 



2 :7. .2'...^:^ ..::^:... ^..2. 



■<• 



^ 



v:) 



: <p. 



■i <■ 



4 

5.|:.'..,L...;:.....irN....:L...r., 

oU .L L Z. _i. 

^■■■} ./■■^■^ W-^' 

8^,..U,./r?^.../C*.....\y..._^....v_...., 

10 



; ^ 






■■■^ ^ 



Exercise 18. 

Write in Shorthand. 



b 



1. Pack the bapr and take ?Y ^ f^e gig at fonr. 

2. Ask Jim to fetch ///<> check book, and put it on the 

led^fc. 

3. Take the money, and buy a jar r^ink. 

4. They may aff go to the dock and see the ship off. 



&*'*"«W^**S''^PJ«»' <%^'\ 4'SSfflF':.i».-i'«s'«aSffija«' 



•A*f.«;-liB!^»j:^!C^II' liuv^;i/i 



SHORT VOWKLS. 

' tfor"'^'^^'^"^^ '''''' -•^>-"-— /-hip 

7. Thelu^ppy felW rowed away /. the ship. 

8. Z)o they mve a debt /« Adam Bailey ? 

9. Ask Kitty Webb to take « dollar out of the ba.. a. / 

<Jo ami huy the calico. *" ''"'' 

VI. They -X'l hfr-'r '^f'^';'^''''"'''^'''''? 

Grammalogs. 
^-^<'lf^ y //: ^^.....L.W-«/, ( think, 

Exepolse 19. 

Read, copy, anil tramerihe. 
; ^-v^l- ' VS: .\ .1. 2 ._ 7 ^ -P, 

y ^•■•^- ^-^■■^-■■' ^^ ....^... 



<- ^<\....x...7 



At 



10 I 



3. 



.•^.. 



( 



-VTr.....:^... 



•A4 kj7- 



^:siK»wiss^.!Z4ebft.^i7^!ig 



'2'>. 



5. 
6. 

7. 
8. 
9. 



10. 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exercise 20. 

Wn'fe in Shorthaml. 

Thr,( tftiu'c thri/ may hane to go to th : bank awl cash 

a check to pay the i/onfh the money. 
The ,/oHth may J>c happn If thei/ pay half the bill. 
Tho.ujh then il" oat on the tenth, th:;/ miiy eome back 

t)!i the followinf:^ mail. 
Who ean envy them if the;, hare to take the 8ha])by 

coach back /o-moiTow .'^ 
Th',/ shoxhl take ///t- kej? to th" back o/7//e shed. 
He came back /o //^c/m <i month ikjo. 
Th"!i huv- to ijo (td:l th'mk th" .jud.j^e /o-(lay. 
Ask the i/onth to take the canoe ««. jtch the fish. 
7%<?// Z/^/^/t the lad miy //.7w /m ;,,. to Canada in « 

month. 

Ifatf the party ci'.mo to rjire a vote eacA to Adam 
Bailey . 



LESSON 5. 

DIPHTHONGS AND PHRASEOGRAPHT. 

2 k The four diphthon^^s /, ,.„; .»; and H. us heiird in 
tlie words bite, row, hull, an.l f};r. and the triphthong wl, 
as in icnie. ai-e expressed as follows : 

'' ^ '^"% <^l, n If irJ. 

25. The diphthong oi is \n-itten in the Jhsf vowel 
phu-e. at i\\eh(<jiii,i!,if, of a stroke; nnd. therefore, the 
outlines of words in which this is the only or principal 
vowel sound ^are phiced in tli.; first position. ,ih„re the 
line; thus >s..h.j,/, V'. huih '^^'^N hoihr, .iT.. , 

-jrfr-.. ih'COl/, - -r.:.'. coil. 

2(). The diphthong r, is written in the ////>•,/ vowel 

place, at the ciul of a stroke ; and. therefore, the outlines 
of words in which this is the only or principal voM^el 

sound are place.l in the third position, l/n-o„!,li the line; 

thus .\,:iC. pnnl,/, .N^.|... p„r!t,j, .n^.. ^,„,.,y_v^. 

''"''' ^^ ''"^'('> ^^l^i:_. f»^"'<-- 

27. The diphthongs 7 and on: and the triphthong wi 
may l^ wTitteu in any one of tlie three vowel places • 
but the outlines of words in which 7 or wi arc the only 
vowel sound.', or in which they are the principal vowel 
somids, are placed in the Ju-,f posit ion; thus ..":S pi,, 

^'''''^ ■^^^-pifiii;/; .1.. n-ide, .1^. wiik-r, \^ ividrli/. 

The outlines of words in which on- is the only or princi- 
pal v >wel sound Mr« pl:,r.Ml in the t!,i,',l posifi.,,, ■ thus 

V:A.- hountij, ...s... I,„„f, ^A. ,,//^„,, p^ ulloiviinj, 

23 



. ^i 



24 



V I 



SHOBT COURSE IN SHOKTHAND. 



28. (aj The diphthong I and the triphthong „•! may 
be joined initiaUy to a down8tix»ke, as V. item, .J... (re, 
—Sit., ipj/e. 

(bJ The diphthong. .„, and ./ may be joined initiaUy 
to upward /, as .^.. o^rh.k, f^.. oUing. 

(0) The diphthong a,r and u may be joined finally to 
a downstroke, as ..-s^. hough, ...j.... due. 

(d) The diphthongs «, «„, and 7, may be joined to the 
consonant n, thus ...^.. nens .-^.-. «c«., ..^.. „^^a. 

Exepoise 21. 

.ffm</, copy, and transcrihe. 

■ U 



••> 



2 

3 
4 



4 J^ ^ 4-4-!^ k 



::r:.....^:rr..../: .T .-^^ r f^"7^"' 



6 \^... 



' >■ -^ \- ^ -^ 



k\ y" ^■■b::.--^ 

"•a 






Exepcise 22. 

Write in Shorthand. 



1. Do thei;^^o^ of the failing .^'Hugh Rilev ? 

3 i£ ttl "''r'^ '^^ '" ^^"^"''^ '•«*"•«' *^ July. 

3. Ihe tide may wash away the dike /.^ five 



n 



^ I 



DIPHTHONGS AND PHRASEOGBAPHY. 25 

4. SAou/d the envoy vome out fn ,U^ j. 

ride to Albany ^' ''" ""'^ ^"-"^y " 

5. y^>i. puny deputy duly came a„d valued the couch 

6. r^.^ hr:l to use .>5. check ,/,.« ,,.,« ,^ Tom Lloyd. 

no nght ^o ,^ „„rf ^^,^ „,^y ;^^,,^ ^^ ^.^^^ .^ 
10. Pursue a life ./purity, and so rebuke ^/J.;„ 

"^ led^e ^/?e rogue to enjoy ///^ air. 

iwer !f;/ "'''^' "' ''"' '^^'^^' ^'^'-•'Z -» defy ^/i. 
Powe. oj the enemy .. take then, or .a move'.J.« 



Gkammalogs. 



this way is called J'/r, . '"'"'"^ "»"'" ™ 

joined make a ^r'"'"''*^""' ""' '""■''« thug 

.». »UTrne:xr;iiv.:rrt 

^vntten above the line as \ r / Y 



26 SHORT COURSK IN SHORTHAND. 

word ]^m(i written throuffh or over the line; a.. 
..y)... /.srr. ../.. «v7// tniir/t. A phraseopram ?.ejfinnin<. 
with ,/o>f should lK>Kin on the line, because ,/o>f. as a 
loffOKi-am. is written on the line when it stands alone- 

thus ...o^... _yo// «/,///. ..^,... ;/,,„ ^^o„;,/ /^^, ^yjj^j^ 

joined to ^ . r- , or _ . the si^n ..!.. n.ay }k> 
shortened to^..l.. ; thus .C. f/-», ^ /„;,,;, .£;_ ^/y^ 
= liri/n, .^„ lean. The vowel should be inserted in 



the phniseofjrnini 



- to (JO. 



The folLminj,' examples of phraseo^n-aius should be 
caret ully read and copied by the learaer. 



v.. 

V 






Phraseoorams 
1 have 
I have had 

I will 
I will be 
I am 
■ I may be 
I may 
I thank you 

I think you should )>e 
you will 

you will l)e 
you may be 

if you should lie 



- A_ how can they 
...h . why do you 
— \^... why have vou 



J.. 
J... 

t 

L. 



you can 
with much 
with which 
with each 
when they 



what do you 
what may }je 
rZS... what can be 
•U— it would be 
^--X" ^"^^ ^f y^" should )je 



^^^^^m^w^ 



1 

r 5 



I 



DIPHTHONGS AND PHUAKEOGRAPHV. 

Exercise 23. 

Ifead. roju/, auit (raiiscrihe. 



27 




Exercise 24. 

'ii'ritc ill SJiort/iaml. 



ai'e 



1. y;o-//o,< //,/«| ou,i,.rcni rely o«-///,- 
money /o t/,e l,aiik /o-duy ? 



W' A^i-take all the 




'• "l^io^f " '^^"''"*^ '''■ '-'^^^^ '^ ->^-e ».//^ so shabby 
10. y-uiay-/y,^ m-ouK, fnit Uhink /-an, right. 



1^ 



i\ 



13i^ ^ 



f! I 



LESSON 6. 

EEVIEW. 

30. In this lesson the learner is asked to review the 
rules sec forth in the precedinj? pages; to leai-n eight 
more grammalogs ; and to practise those he has already 
learned. 

31. The pi-eceding rules may be briefly summarized as 
follows : 

(a) Isaac Pitman Shorthand is phonetic, the spelling 
being by sound. 

(h) There are twelve vowels, expressed by dots and 
dashes, and written in three pieces, by the side 
of consonants. 

fc) There are three positions for writing outlines, and 
the position of a word is governed by its vowel, 
or principal vowel. 

(d) There are/o«/- double vowels or diphthongs, and 

one triphthong. 

(e) There are two forms each for r and H, the alterna- 

tives Ijeing provided for easy joinings and for 
vowel indication. 

(f) Words of frequent occuirence are expressed by 

one of their letters. Such words are called 
grammalogs. 

(g) Fhraseography is the name given to the principle 

of joining words together. 
28 



tj 






KEVIEW. 

Grammaloos. 

.-<-.. sail', J s , nr lie \ 

'orus, :.)-. see, sea, or use. 



) 



20 



was. 



Exercise 26. 

Read, ropy, and transenbe. 

, s " z: ^••' /--- 






I-../^....].. 



^-;^;:- 



3 )....v_^ ...). J . 

■•••^-■- ■^v..-.xj...vn. 

^ ---.2...:3:...z. I \ ^/^- 

^> ^-'- ^-L. o...^..:.L...^:' 

\p..L a^.......l.:i.,.\^., <.|....^../^, 

'^-•^■- ^^---A ^j:^^^ 

Exepolse 26. 

Write in Shorthand. 
,. D^^^ac „au,« „/«. ,„ip lying „„, ,„, ,;„ 

•J. J.-tHink l-naw the inuifh «.. ,>.,/ • ._x. 



the youth go out a minute 






6 • . 



OffO. 



3() 



SHOET COUIl.SK IN SHORTHAND. 



4. I'liK iii>i)ear to-hare a fear of (lie hinjc i/onlh who 

Clime to lis at tin- fanii. 
.'). To he of UHC OHffht to U' the wish tfeaeh of f/oii. 

6. [-wish I-hail (/wen the rod away ei-e the thief took //. 

7. Dn-f/oii know whose it-rati-lw ! 

8. Whii fthould-thet/ say /-am out f 

9. Whtl (tilferenee ran-if make to-//ui( if l-hare to-qv 

mt h,/ the tenth ? 
10. I-sec-yoii know two qf'-them. 



Exercise 27. 

Read, I'opij, and tratisri'lf^c. 

ii-k...r... ~... 4...- _. ^7 




9 1.< ..Cr...r , ...K.\^.^..y. 10 .(..^ ..1...!..^ 
11^-^ C-^-" --^...W^...v..rl......I. 



h h 



Exercise 28. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. T-shnll-he happy to-have-i/ou do-so if-i/oa-ean manage it. 

2. Do-yon think he knew the differenee ? 

3. I-think-so; Init /-will ask the fellow. 

4. If -they go out, 1-think-you aiid-I may go out too. 



.K. V^ .^-WH S*..' 



REVrKW. 



ni 



31 



r,. Thn„!,h fh, „.imxy say lie /-kn..w il shall.!,, ,llt})rv„l 

In u-hal tl,(f/.t/,i„k\ 
«'). f-lluid- it-,ra.s I'sual l„.,f!rr if h>-,„vh nf./hn,! 

7. } o// „>„I.I „.s,u,ll,, ffo all flu- way I,,, fhv sra. 

8. /-l/,;>,i- Ihv new VHX)k may-/.^ o/-,/.v,. /„ ,,.v new. 

'•'. //-//""-like ^<w,/re them a copy. ///r//-umy-/>.- 7/,^,,,,/ /„ 
read //. 

10. 77/ry thauM the ,,oHlh who caiTle.l //,,- l.a^'rafje /o 
///e ship, anil hc-wan happy. 



Exercise 29. 

Urad. ropy, and tran.icrihc. 

'^■^ V '-vi S--^-.--^ .) 



3 V.>__ ..»-<, ^^_ J^v 

* X..'...L..:..:^, (.._' 

. ^.)-...^-..so^,,.. 



^..... 



.•I..„..=.,\ . 
Ill 



G 
7 

8 '^ 
9 



I 



y H) ..: ^, 

\^--)'--^--V u.\..^ 



... 



■^-^■■■■^ 



.. X 



,1 



^.■■aei'v 



! 

( 



LESSON 7. 

CIRCLE S AND Z. 

32. The sounds of s and z are two of the most fre- 
quently occurring sounds in the language, and it is. 
therefore, necessary that they should be provided with 
very easily written signs. The student has learned that 
the sign ) expresses *, and that the sign ) ex- 
presses z. These sounds, however, are also represented 
by a .imall circle, which is easily written and at the same 
time joins readily with the various stroke consonants. 

33. When the circle stands alone, or is joined to 
strai(fht consonants not forming an angle, it is written 
in the dii-ection opposite to that in which the hands of a 

cloc^k move round; thus .3.. ..^.. sp, \o.. ps, \«... psp 

-.[... St, ...L. ts, I tsf, ..L„ sr/i. J.... chs, ...Q sk, 

o.... ks, — Q — ksk, ..Qif... sr, ..^J^... rs, .^... rsr. 

34. When the circle occui-s between two straight 
sti-okes forming an angle, it is written outside the angle ; 

thus ..'^. hsch, ..i^.. tsp, -J^- jsp, .Z\.. ksp, rr-ii^.. ksr, 
..^^... rsk. 

35. When joined to curved letters, the circle is written 
inside the curve; and when it occure between two curves 
it is usually written inside the first curve; thus ..^.. sf 

..).... ss, ..A.... ss, .A^.. ssr, ..<sr^. am, 

-fSTb. sms. ...^r^.. rsn, ..ttA^-.. ksn, ..vJ?;^. nsk, -T^ msr, 
..C.„ si, ..^.. sis, ..^Z^.. */*/•, „_^.. ssh, ..Ox?.. ssAs, 
.iJS^.. msv. 

92 



...V^.. fs. \^ fsf 



CIRCLK " 8 ■ AND '" Z." 33 

36. The circle * is always i-ead Jirst at the hcy'nutlng 
ol ;i TTord, and last at the end of a word; thus I... cat. 



t. .sY.r/, 



seats ; 



1. 



tow, -.1".. stow. 



A. 



stmps ; 



: .. cle, n » seei\ ...Q_b„. .<f<?p^.v ; -^^^. oar, ..l/\. soar, 

.. •> J7»'.»; .^.. suppose, ...P... cities, --^•. series. 

37. At the ^«(7 of a stroke, or in the middle of a word, 
the circle may be used to express either s or z ; but at 
the hefiinning of a word it can be used to express the 

Jiffht sound of s o>iI}/ ; as ..^.. race, ..^.. rose, y^.. racer, 

x/C!^ raising ; .?^._ sorrow, ...V^. zero ; -/^. .seal, ...Vr.. zeal. 

Exepcise 30. 

Read, copi/, and tran.tcrihi . 

2 /.../...//°...r...;r.../^...;(n...r:-r....-o:'....-o.. 

3..^.....^......^ pr<.....^ ^ ^.....^....^. 

4.s...^..>...>...v^../:./:...T...:i:...^^^ 

5 — 1— — l-O Q-!— Q_!_ aJ_0 r, • n q 'g r. •« 

6 ^rfN....rf:Ts ....<st:n» <r~b'.... (r<^... y^b^-'To^-- 'Tb---0> 

7 •'^-^ V_P. ....<i_P. <l_fl«^ .<l_^:TTr "i-XTrTf . -.<l_-TT^....QJ.^ 

8 .9^.....<i,l/777r.....<i,,;'TTrr. "WrrrrP <4-^ ^O* ^-J* ^— ^ 

9 .>^ .>^ J^. J:- .M-'.-.V. J^....A:^. 

io7fc....Tfc^....3t>/;...:Tr:...3 ^....::^ 



^^^••H -^ 1 '^ k^ 



12 



..■k^'..:!!:^....:::^. 



,^JLd 



.'rX. 



.^_...V 



il 



' Ml 



3 s r. 



HBHHB-S-— 



^•* SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exepcise 81. 

Uyife hi Sliorthand. 

1. Soap, soups, stew, side, such, spr.res, spokes. 

2. beeds, schemes, spoils, skipR sccop, si^eed. 

3. Safes south, slow, solo, soc::. smokes, mice. 

4. bmith, snaps, sold, snai-es, smacks, solids 

5. bky, scares, spades, sijms. desijrns, dies 

6. Face, voice, revise, canvas, bonus, police. 

7. Atlas, tusk, risks, bestows, rasps, gossip. 

9. Tuesday Wednesday, deceit, tacit, nonsense. 
10. bykes, stay, sums, sinews, maxims, abuse 

38. When th^ stroke r p,^cedes a circle and curve 
or follows a cm^e and circle, it is written in the Zme 
.W/o« a«the./.W.; thus...C... lessen, C. La.son. 
-.Cr\. lesser, ..fc. toilsome ..W... vessel, V.. thistle, 
■■- f-anrel, ..^tC... musvle. ^ 

3<V The word the, which is repi-esented by a light dot 

Z^l T '^^^^ ?.^""^^ '''' ^ ^'^^^^ Planting Vw 
jomed to the preceding character, and written either 
upward or downward, in the dii^ction which will g^e 
the sharpest angle; thus ...>... ,///,,, , t, ^^e, .. ^ „nd 
fke, r should the, ...J... / (hink the, .^., / /,„,, f^, 

: '""'' ^^'J, ? "^'" '''-' K. he is the, -I. it is the 

^. '•" ''"' "*■ ^^'' «»• '"'■^' fhe. The fii-st stroke of 

"" *^" °^^«* ^ written slanting, in order that it 

may not clash with ..!... f. The tick the can nererhe 
used at the /..i,/««/«„ of a word or sentence. 
^ Grammaxogs. 

/ "' *^'*/"*- ° '" «r his, .-Il^^heeause, . |^... itself, 

...*?... those, t thi,,, ...4.. these or ///«*. ^ „,,y,.^^^. 

-^ A/^/'*.//. .C:. me or .«y, ^ /,/,« or ma^, /^ «,./ 
-^. our or /<o«/«. '^ • 



-..#l-VJ!F»?; 



i! 



CIRCLE "S" AND " z" 35 

Exepclse 32. 

Read copy, ami transrrihe. 

'I V -^ O-:.-^. .^ S^....\...2 

^ -^ ■ ' *-■• " i c:.... I , :X/r..rz..J, ...s . . 

^■^ e- -;2f z. 

>"""^ ^-•^- 

--' Lj-V^-..)... 

^'■■^■■^^^ ■■.■A_.^C--N^.: 

.t.)....<^....,..^.^,...-^._ ^.^ 

-'■C''''^.'^fl '....' ^..)...^..l^...rv« 



■^ \ 



7.1..^^ 



^ 



1] 



ii 



Exepcise 33. 

Write ill fSfioHftiuid. 
Sir: 

77/.«. silks .yo« spoke r/ came to-this office /,>.day, 

an,U..sf,all thus he ,-eady /o show /M« /.-,«;/ customer 

'..-Wednesday. Ife-eomes himseff to see me, because he-has 

t^> pass my office on-his way /(.-//,e depot. Ile-is a lar„e 

buyer. /-;«y,«7/' had business dealings «vV// /.//« a long 

time «^« 77.. silk itself is «//-right; //ie designs are 

moe; „«,^ *,. / li^pe /,.-,/,> « big business with our new 

shades. 

Yours, 



• i 

m 

11: 

r! ' 



^'i;iEie»iv%;''-viK^''*'«««wr 



86 



SHOUT OOUiiRK IN SHOI.THANI). 

Exepdse 34. 

Scad, ropif, and transcribe. 



L. 



X ^....i...:..M- 



^.. 



..v- 



^ VK-^-^-'^ ZS'M 



.^, 



Exercise 35. 

Write ill !Sfiort/iand. 
Sirs: 

We-«/r /« receipt o/-//r,/o-.v ,_,/-May 4th. advising m 
oj-tlw dispatch of-the six dc/.en silk parasols, a„d.y,e 
hui)e /r>-i'eceive ///e.ye /;/ a few days' time. Our customers 
rr>r showing' some amioyance at-the delay. r/«,/-we fear 
y.-e-arc losinfr husiness. //V/'>^^-f//r-now i-eady with-thc 
new season's designs /« ladies" caiiea and costumes, we 
nhuiild like /'f Aee ///e;«. 

Youi-8, 



t f 



lK»J«\?af^^V'-ff3Si. 



LESSON 8, 

LOOPS .V7' AND STU. 
4<). A .small loop, half the len^rth (,f the stroke to 
which It IS attached, i-epi-esentH st ; thus .-._i_... „rhi\ 
--^.. stake. .:C.. .stale. "^.. .store. ..^|?.. stout. When 
written at the he<ji„nin,j of a stroke the 1(k>1) i-epivseuts 
*•/ o„l,/; but when written at the eml of v. stroke it ivpre- 
seiii» either St or crrf; thus .-.-^... rcast. ...-^... arrn.se,/ 
...^... ;«/.s7. _.;^... ,„/,«w. The l.H.i, may also l>e 
used medlalli/. when convenient ; thus h.. !u.stir,/ 
..Br:. toa.stiii<j. frf.. .sinjifc.stiiHj. 

41. A /«/-.y^' /o,,y;, two thirds tlie leuK'th of the stn^ke 
towhich it is attached, represents .str; thus ^.. ,>o.ster. 
..p.. luster. The .str (ster) loop must not l»e written at 
the heyiunhu, of a word; hut it may l^i employed 
mdialli/. as in 3.'. ;«^r.v/f-/7>;rrt.. The circxe .v may Ui 
added to the loops, thus __^... roa.st.s. .:\^.. 
.^.. po.sfers, .??.. lusters. 

42. The loops *■/ (stee) and ,v/y (ster) follow the .same 
rule of wntmg as the eirrle s ; that is. they are written 
yfiih -A haeluHml motion (in the o,,,>o.sitr direction to that 
taken by tlie hands of a cl,M-k) when attached to,v//v,/r//.^ 
lettei-s. and inshle rurres. The Iwps also foUow the 
■same rule of readinjr -^ the rirrle s .- so that the h.op ,v/ 
IS always read Jirst at the he,jiuHh,„ of a word, and la.st 
at the e,„l of a word; while the looj) .str (which is never 
used mitially) is always i-ead last at the eml of a word. 

4;{. The phrase of the may l>e indicated by writing' ' - 
two words which it (connects cA^ve to eaeh other; thus 

-rr^... state of the rase ^:Zl^ i;.s( ,f the eanjo, 

\J> ■• '■'«'' 'if lh< hooLs. lu the following,' tyix^ 
exercises, where it is desirable to indicate of the in this 
Nvay. the words ai-e enclosed in brackets ; thus, (of the) 

37 



mast.\ 



1. I 

I 



il 



•"^ SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

4t The vowel <ac may be joined initially to upward I 

'^^ -««'/, .'0.:a/.vo; and the loffojrrani ...\.. ,nr (affj 

UKiy >je joined in compound words like ..tf!". almotie, 

'• nl I'pnrt II \-<, ..11 ...-•., 



already, ..^. all-whe. 

Exepcise 36. 

^ Read, copy, and transcribe. 

£. .^r -r Q i^ L_ 



3 ."^. 



2.."?^ ^ .-^L.. 

3 «L «=i_ e^ 



:l 



t: :l rf / f^ 

*^^ "^ ^=^ 

4 .j<::... >^-..„.^ jL r.. -a !!y2-: jl 

'' ^ >^ ^^ >< It i- £..J, r^ r^ 

' ^- -^ ^ ^ -w-v 

7--H k^....<r^^ a .■:r:^....jVv5.. :z::: 

^0^ ^ ^ ^ >^...-:rio.....^ ^ 

11 .^...'^r-^ ....t-...J>^... 



^^ SJ^ 



Exercise 87. 

TFrife in Short/unuL 

1. Rusts, mast, jests, paced, raced, faced, Ijest. 

2. Stab, steal, stin^. stop, stoop, star, stark, stale. 

3. Stung, stinging, stoves, steer, west, waste, wastes. 

4. Past, pests, tossed, jests, fused, sneezed. 

5. Voiced, rejoiced, amassed, August, spaced. 

6. Reposed, dismissed, fastest, advised, revised. 

7. Chester, Muucliester, musters, ministers. 

«. Tasters, coastei-s, feasters, Bagster, Dexter., 



\Mf^m&^'i^^f^^^ai^^<m^'v^ 



-:■/:?!;:■'/ 



LOOPS "ST" and 



STR. 



39 



Grammalogs. 
:. »w,t, ^ must, ..^.. hijlnenve, .":f.. In- 
>iejct, in or 



ani/. 



first, ..: 
flueuced, v^ 
-^;;;7- own. 

Exepclse 88. 

Bead, cop;/, and transcribe. 



no or know. 



v--^ 




10 ..(, . 

Exercise 89. 

IVnfe in S/iortkand. 

PI?"; '\^''T ^°^ ^^^^ ^^'^'^"^^ '"•'' ^'''^ Star and-the 
i^hester. //,c Chester sails west ..>/ -Wednesday next the 
Just of July, and-is nwst likely /,>i-each Rochester h,,.the 
>ic.vt day She stops «^ almost „^/.^/,e coast cities on-the 
••"lite. 7/v/««-will.ie i,^/lueneed J,,, our advice, y,>«.will 
x>ok a passajre />y-^/./.v vessel /.-day. l';.^-,^^,,.^ ;,„„, ^„,, 
^^•.-«..time /.-wast* //>«-„;.e /. /.. /«-time to influence 
Webster ««,/ Staveley. The last fof the) bales „v,v 
mvo.ced /.-day. The i-est (of the) business can^ 
aiscussed when i/ou-come tu-thc office. Youi-s. 



!ii, 



LESSON 9. 

CIRCLES Sir AND SS. 

4o. Alanren-rcle at the /...//« «/«y of a stmke repre- 

«ent8 ,,r, as .\.. „recp, ...ON;... .„/;«, .../;>. s,r,fr/< ; and 

a/r,r<,r^,.//y/catthe^«,^ofH8troke represents the lijfht 

orheavy sound of .,, as .^.. pares, ..^.. raises, .ko.. faces, 

'. — causes. 

46. The circles sw (swa,,) and ss (ses) are written in 
the same direction as the circle .v. The .v«v,y circle can 
be written onlj, at the he,fninimj of a word, as .. P. . siveet ■ 
but the ses circle may l^e written in the middle or at the 
endoi a word; thus ^. necessit,,, ...^... ,/,,,,,. 
-3s.. excessive, . — p.., cases. 

47. When a vowel other than short e occui-s between 
.he consonants represented }>y the lar^e medial or 
hnal circle, the vowel sign may be placed within the 
cirdj; thus ^..insisL -r^- exercise, .^. exercises, 
-|. >.... Colossus. 

48. fa) The sw circle is employed in phrasi„!/ to ex- 
pi-ess thewords as we; thus JL.. as ,ve hare, ..t. as we 

'5^*' "* '"^ ^««- It is also used in the phrase 

-P.... as well as. 

(b) The ss circle is employed in phraMm, to expi-ess 
the two ss in suchijhrases a« ....^. M/* is, .'L it is said, 
«* *««» a«, --p-- /« //</* tvV^. 

(c) The circle * may be used instead of the st loop 
in phrases like -Us^. it must be. -n^rTjr^^., ^„,, ^^^„^, 
receive, -'drX. Z««< time, ...s^^ „ej:^ ^/,,jp. 

40 



\ 



•yA^^-s. ^»£iiv^«^'^<-' :*Jf ^^va|A.->-sii "^.f7t»»^^^ >«> iiiiiiiiii ihiiiimji'ii 



'h 



CIRCLES "8W" ASD " S.S.' 41 

45>. T.. uvoi.l an awkward an^l.'. the upward -' is 
writ e„. whether ther.. i.s a fiual vowel ,.,- ,,.., when 
r follows a straight upstroke, or when k follows a 
curve and circle like ^-^ or v_. ; thus c^rTT.. „•.,,■ 

o^ "•«,/•//, r.v^.. „jfi,,,^ ^_^ ,,.^.^.^,^.^^_ ^ 

Exepcise 40. 

ii'm^^. rL»y, and transcrihe. 



ati- 



^ ^ ;P- 



;P :/'■■ 



-^ ^.. 

^"^ ^ :p ;f ^-r :^l..ci>. 



-^• 



V) \d r-i5 



-Ci^- 



::::^. k....:::^ ^' /^^ 



^-^ ^ fe ^^ % .°^ <^ <^ 

'^ >^ 6 \sr- ^.-.^ ./^. 

« -■ -^ ■^. Oi^ .3^ s/^, % 

...^.. .^^-^^ ^^ ^ ^^ 



Exercise 41. 

Trrite In Shorthand. 

1. //-/.v-said the ship "Swallow" /,v /^.-sail on Tues.lav • 

t>ut-tk,s.is wronjr ^rv-«Y-Xv/(>«. ,v//e-js still /« balhist ' 

2. ^*-«r-/5« re-said, she-U-th- swiftest, «A-well-r^v.///e l)ijr- 

jrest. steamer //<e_y ^r/i. 
a. J.v-?pe-m« easily ship «//-///.- cases ^.-morrr.w. uov- 

-must-he midy Co-mail cdl-thv invoices. 
4. r««./««.v^ emphasize the necessity (of the) case, and 

9CC tu-lhc boxes Ijeinjf i-eady /w-time. 



til 



■f 



i f ! 



^ SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

5. //-/*-8ai.l /,r refuses fo-f/irc nn-the allowances n>,.(hv 

pieces nf silk. 
0. If-hv chooses ^>^e8i8t m, what-cw-Uie,, do wUh-the 

pieces ? 

7. The,/.ma>/ insist on refusing-^y^e laces her,.,,,,- (of the) 

excessive charges, and ma,/ ask >,.s to exchange them 
aMKoon-ns-thej/ knot '-the cost. 

8. r««-/tt«.v/-receive a check, same as last-time. 

Grammiloos. 

as is, o /.v ^/.v, ^ t/iis is or themsetves, ..^.. ,,„;.. 

«e^»e*, \ sj,eria/-h/, ..S^„ .^^al-, ^ ,,,.,,,.,.„/^ ^ 



^€?.y, 



oiise. 



we. 



Exepoise 42. 

i?ra</, <'«/,\y, ««f/ transcribe. 
I < 6 $. A....O....v,Q^-.....^^ P • 

N '^ ^ '=^ ■> tf-b-.-X X 

!5 .^....:^....c....a...^,... (^.j:^:::::. -... 

:Q :r:^....^ ^.? 



\. 






8 ^/^....(,^:.....a .1^....^ jij .t.,...:^ (^_, 

Exepolse 48. 

Write in Shortkanil. 
1. Do.,,on knoiv if-they themselves ha,e sold-^/b switch 
to-Ihe new fann, «*-/,y said to he-the case? 



■ 



:m:^>^^m^ 



1l 



AND " 88." 



*• 
« 



^\ 



43 



CIRCLES "8W 

2. 17.y, m'.ha.e oursef,e.s seen several (of the) switi-heH in 

us, and-we-hm^e special reasons A>-8uppo8e the fact 
to he as //on state. 

3. ^r.-«rj.. .v,,.,,v,//y desirous of./u,ri.,,.f/,e ne« Benson 

.teel txibes^., to r. test. .«./-«.-.A/«^. Benson's thj 
selves shoud see-tke test, so the,,.maf, see-the fact is-as 
ire 8ny tt-is. 

4. A Will .v,.a;l- A.^ySe head (of the) &.n. .«,/ su^^^est a 

test ^A« /«.,r^time l-Am-in-f/ie-city. 

Exercise 44. 

i?e«f/, po^y, and transn-ihe. 
.» t^ » (Ax d*. ... ^ r^ 

^^....^^..,,.^...1- 2 

— ---L-^ ■^■■-<^--..L.a. _ yf 
--.-:^....S- C 



). 



\ 



..>^.. 



..7^ 



•<■ 



..(. 



.\ .. 



) 



''i~>^r 



Exercise 46. 

Write in Shorthand. 
Swan ^ Lester, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
(Sirs : 

7F.-/..,.e « ..,„./„y ,a,e ,^ essences and sweet syn.ns 
/o-day, «.v-./wv-neces8ary to dispose .>/--.'x.me ,>/•-,,,,,. stot^ 
As.,oe.kno,o just ../.,^ ,,.« „,,, ,,,.,,,, //-../...like setect 
« dozen cases and set /... aside, and .ou^.an U^e sale 

;:r;r "'T'" "^'t- '^^"-'"'^^^ *"'"'' - -^ aside, 

"V •>/.«// «v- ship >,„u a dozen .v;;«-/«//y nic« ca^es ? 

Yours sincerely. 



|. < 



ij.' t 



* i 



LESSON 10. 

VOWEL INDICATION. 

50. A v„wel cunnot }>e mi.l h,fnrr an initial rin-le or 
loop («ee para^n-aphs ;«5, 42. 4<i). It follows, thf-ivfoiv 
that when a wor,l heyim or e,uh with a vowel, a stmh- 
(•(msonant must l>e employed, an.l not a circle or l<K,p • 
thus .U. ask .>r... a..aiL ..)^.. ../.,,, ..,<). ,,,^; 

y- f/<f^vy, ...^-.. ,^«*/^, .^t.. /,„,,,,,/,^. Compare these 

words with .*^~ :)iacli' T tnil ^^ i s> 

I . *' -''■—''""^ f\- -iiiciK ^.. rose, 

-b- (l(ii/.s. k (fuxf. ^;. hntirsf. 

51. A vowel caimot be shown hHwrv,, thv hthrs ex- 
pressed by a hop. The .s,j>,n'afc letters. thei-...foi-e. and 
n«jt a l<H,p. must lie wi-itten in such words as N^- hcsH, 
-\-.ta,-it, .r^_. re.;,/,, "i?;.. /W./r. ^^. ri.i/or. Com- 
pare these words with \.. /,,.,s7, J-.. L/.-. ^. ,v,/W, 



Nj, 



pa 



■•^tor, ;^ iun-fifor. 



52. The stroke .v is written at the h,,,;,,,,!,,,, of a word 
when .V and a vowel f„rm a .s>,lh,ld^ and ai-e followe.l by 
a>iothervowel,orhy.sovz; thus l?l. srieurc. L... Siao,. 

5.S. The stroke *• is written at the c,„f of a wor.l when 

.V i« preceded by two vowel signs iu dUfh-vnl i>o.sifi.>n.s ; 

a J .Idj!.. ti)r(u„i(.s. ../l.Joijotts. 

_54. The stroke ^ is retained in compound words like 

r:^... xaicnill, ...^,... sa„.,h,.sL .L.. sea-beach, ...VVT.. .,...„. 

55. It will }^ seen from the foregoing ndes. and from 
the rules for writing k (paragi-aph 15). that the outH„e 

44 



.^^c^ 



VoVVKI. IN.)r<'ATJo;,\ 



45 



f a wor-l f.vc,„.ntly hMu-.U s ih. /.v.v.>.. or ./>..„,-, .A' 

^nhrr T i '"!• ''"'■"'"""• *'"« ^•'*- "-3- -<--lv omit 
■in nutuih.rhnal vowel i„ v.,-j ..km..v wur.is. Thus J.,. 

need not insert the initial vowel in wonls like 1^ .,/. 
■k. --"'«". ..X an., lK>oause the outline i,. ,,.,1. ....e 
""hrrrfr. a p.^.-edinK vowel. No.- „ee.l he inneit the 
hn^vr>wel in sueh w<,r,ls .,« .-Ci ,.,/./,/. V).. ,,„,;,.,^ 

n,t^s. ZT" "^^ ■ ""!'"""-^- '-'«•«"«• the outline //.//^ 
'"^.v a hnal vowel in such words 

50. An ...,v..w.,/ .v/..y ,..„,,/. i„ .•„. ,„i,^^^,^ ^^^. ^ 
wonl. ,„ay usually K- omitte.l ; thus V^.. „,,,,,,„., 



Exercise 48. 

Read. ,„/,,/, „n,l fr<nts,-ril,> 



^^ 



x.-v:^.. 



I J-^ 



/ <7-^ 



^ 



-[_^-(^,.:y....js OAi^. 



-^x 



3 ^...^...X w,..../f. .,%... ^ < 



o..i..;f ..-...;. 

7 ^....^..^i/ ..:, y_ 



,..:....L 
r^ : 



^</^ - 



'.y 'L 



' vi 



\':)\ 






9 



t 






.::S... 



< 



."^^ 



V 



v^ 



! 1 



i 




46 



Sir: 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exepoise 47. 

TFrite in Shorthand. 



When ran ^«« ship us-the acid «. bought last-month? 
^ said we shouU-have-it hy-thr foUowin- w.^___.. 
he latest. We-are a^ busy cis.,ve.ca, 

the delay w causing much annoyanc 

!!"!": tlTf"-^ ^^- '— '-• ^- ..o« uneasy 



a^^^e latest. 



iy-///e following Wednesday 
«„^ /* A 1 T*"''''^ "^ t^^sy <«-«'e-w«.6e just-now 
««rf-M. delay e, causing much annuyaoice Jo«. eul' 
■welj-<w loss to-oursel 

(of the) invoice. F". x^ly «.,,,„ ,, .^jp ,,^^ ^tuffTZ 
eao-ly steamer. and..e assume ^..wiU wrfte us tZo^Z. 

Yours, 
^ Gramj^alogs and Contractions 
_.^..- ;««^««^. or o,cing, ^ thing, .^ young, 
~ anythmg, .^ nothing, ^^ somethi^ -^ or 
...A. your, ...7:^.. year, ^ New York. ' ' 

Phraseograms. 
..)0^.. I am .lorry, ..c^:d^..„ „,, 
'm.ay as well, 7^^. 
fully yours. 

Exepoise 48. 

^ -^•^'^'^' ^opy, and transcribe. 

^' i-.^.--)...:^...^ 



'p are sorry, 
yours respectfully. 



you 
respect- 



<ii^. 



{■ 







I 



if 



VOWEL INDICATION 

4/ 

Exercise 49. 

W'nte hi Shorthand 

'■ '-ZZZ '■"'"■'" """"' '" -•«' «' Society 
2. W»„,.,„.„eU take „,..^ ,„„,„„,,. „„„ „, _^ 

6. >r^flr# does young Jackson say » 

7. Does he think-it-rm. a wise thing to-do? 



a ur^ •"■a inirig io-(tt}F 



Z/'^" city wej*^ 



Exercise 50. 

Read, copy, and transcnbe. 



WPv- 






v> 



■\ 






.!?^:-.-:r.....O 

^ n ': ^-^ ^-^ ^ 



I- 



«.-.\ . 



■)-Nn 



■|....'.-^...V? 



^■^v 



-II 



n 



1^' 

i-ii. 



■Ui SfKKiT CtlURSE IN SIU)3TII Ai>D. 

Exepoisa 61. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Spencer & Reed, 

New-York, N.Y. 
Sirs: 

Each season in-the past six yearn we-hare boiigrht 
ifonr books of science ond-have-had io pay excessive 
rates ow-same. We emphasize this fact because if-we-are 
^o-make a success of-onr business we-must sell the books 
at low rates. Can i/oh suggest hoip xpe-may ^ei-the 
charges reduced, or ran you in-any-way assist us in 
reducing-///^ cost (of the) books ? 

Yours-respertfully, 



Exepoise 52. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Massey & Doyle, 

Worcester, Mass. 
Sirs: 

We-hare-yours (of the) 20tli, atid you-may-re\y on 
our mailing you-the policy o«-Saturday next. We-hare- 
-8een-^/*e asgfiasor ^o-day and-have induced him /o-sign- 
-the necessary forms. We-are-aorrY to-have-had such a 
delay in-this-case, hut-we-ha re-had to-move cautious ly 
so-a^-to insure success. 

Yours - respectfully. 



V J 



i 



4 

\ 






LESSON 11. 

REVIEW 

' -^ A •''•"^•^ consonant must be w> !««„ i 

OT The phrase »/•«, J. i",'' ' ^'"^f^^ «' Mows, 
word «e may be iotae I t "''''''•'■■ T''" 

''' ^woir,iV"a„"n;y" "'t'-^ *"-"-=«»« 

t..etwo,.:ns:rpt:s:"r^"r,::-r" 

W UpwaMK, -smitten in wora/SJ!::^'"'- 
■^c^... awafp . • . ^^— roar, 

awkward un^'l,:'^ ""'■"'■'• "' •"'^'^ *« "^^ an 

-;-wrHten.:r:x';:;r,,t:f™ 



.j;.. 



idiious. 



aurrr. .L. a.ui 
if) The /'«///,//, >!•/,•,,,,/„ , , 

''■»Hns„r:;:;::'3f,'-::;;;-^ 

/ 5. C. *9 'V- 



E: i- 



50 SHORT COURSn IN SHOlvTHAKD 

...L.. acul, .^,. misty, ...j^.. jury, :^...... salary 

, k) An unaccented short vowel in the middle of a word, 
may usually be omitted. 

Exepoise 58. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

1 ^..^..^....-::. ....!...) ...^ :rf (...r^.. -v^x 

2 ^...k....( > ^...^....^......^.....c^:.. 

3 ^. \...J. \.....\.....> (. L..<? I*v_<.....^.:< 

4 ^..J. ^ - 1 ...S..... ^ :..^...:\ ... — .X 

5 rr:....L...r^ yp. > ..k.. ., ^...^....c^...\ 

K^... -_ ...-r......).....c.....U. ^. .>.^^... 

6 L.. J.....S.....K....^:^....U. ^. ^ .'.k.? 

n^.....'::s ^ '^.[^ L..^..:k....^.i 

8(/r.. ...V ^.....1... 



9 V^...<i_> 

10^^, \xiJ,. 



v-^'-v 



^..^....r^....,f> ^::±ir.?. 

^...o.....'? .(...^. '5^., 

11 V...^ ....f^ o..^......s Q.....L..^X^.l 

12 w, 1 ...^......^^......"i....x....v^ wz:. X 

13 Jf ,...^...|...\s. f:Cr>^ l...l^... 

14 L.s^.S...r-....:^ v^../. _^, A ..>...c.? 

15 ^.^ A ,..:^...:...\..:...r:...>^.s^..^..^. 



1. 

2. 
3. 



REVIEW. 

Exepoise 54. 

W nVe in Shorthand. 



51 



4. 
5. 



6 
7. 

8. 

9. 
10, 
11. 
12. 
13, 

14. 
15. 
16, 

17. 
18. 



O/' tl^t; 7 "'1l ''"''' "''■'"'■'^'' '^ ---t then.. 
Jl. yen, they.may all come to nee m, if-theu wish 

I-shall ask hun to-speak to-them, aid Xttn a 

fecmll^^ou rrken-they come. ""^ ^'"^ ^'^^'^^ ^ 

frj?/""''"''' best, say it-is an ea^y lan.ruujc 
1 myself have a much different vipw /,. / * ; , r 

o^n^->eas,e,ond.mefo-Z:l^^^^^^^^ 

■ 111 ^7^^ !" "'' '"""^ ^'"'^ t^ke « different 
fesson, and.u..shall-see uM does-th. best. 

case, and-I.£ear tt-ts of no use now, 
/« a.k .>J.«. ,„.,, to.t,. city .We..e, ««^ .., 

Can-we-do nothing to assist ^/J« ^oe.^/5 .<' 

ilt/sav 7^f ?■''" ""^f ''^^ ^^« '''"■"* best. 
/Z ^ f '^"'''' '^^'^^ to.do.sofnethiny, 

What-do-you fhink-theu-wm-do n'i^,, ft . 

to-take a special car ? '"'^" ''' "^"^"^^ 

Uhink-they.^Xi stay away, because (of the) cost 
i>o-^o« kno..the name (of the) vessel /«..^ d^k ? 






1 f 



I I; 



LESSON 12. 

INITIAL HOOKS TO STRAIGHT STROKES. 

58. A smaU initial hook, wi-itten in the oppmite direc- 
tion to that taken by the hands of a clock, adds / to 

the straight consonants W I I // 

thus forming a series of douhle consonants • as 

^ ^ r ['/'/' J. _ 

pi hi . a dl oh I jl kl gl 

59. A small initial hook, written in the .samf direction 
as that taken by the hands of a clock, adds /• to the 
same ctosonants, thus 

^ "N 1 1 ; ; c- ^ 

Pr hr tr dr oh r jr hr gr 

60. These double consonants are named pel (as in 
people), per (as in taper), etc., to distinguish them from 
outlmes formed by the separate letters, aa \^.. (pee-el), 
\^ (pee-ar). Vowels are pla<;ed and read to these 
double consonants just as they are to single consonants ; 
thus ..:^.. cup, .Zk.. couple, IX^ eoupler, .:^.. ap. 
ply, .'^.pres.',, ..C^a. impress. .C^'::^.^.. impressing. 

Exepoise 55. 

Head, copy, and transcribe. 

i.^...\ .^^ — :si...!^ !&....%^.. V V \ 

2 •{-■■^ ...3....3:^.....<....^.....^....\ -^ 

-\...^".a...a,...7 -^:^^,.,r^ 



J^S^TTl 



INITIAL HOOKS. 






ua 



> 






--^- }; :l- %. 






11 

12 



lP 



T^:^^ d 



Sj.-.^. 



■^.-.<:^., 



■^ 



..-;,.-.W...->. 



Exepoise 56. 

' I — "''' ' dehver-ed-y. 

3- »'■ hope lo he-ahle l,i.,Mirer II,,. ,....» , 

promised. '''-niuke ,W„.„.j, „./,^„ 

'■ t',TrtS"~'-'''^ "■'»--■ .-k cloth „,Bn«^ 



jfiN 



^f' 






54 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



I 



8. We-are mailing ?/ou sampler, of (ream lace /o-day. 
and-we-regret we-were-iinable (<, ffv-so till now. 
We-heh'ere you-can-do no better oi '^r-prices. 

GrAMMALOGS and PhRASL X -lAMS. 

-I... doJJar-x, JZT.. call, ^- equiJIif, ...L. doHor, 

I dear, ...Ij... during, Jv Dear Sir, V- Yours fruf//. 

Exepoise 57. 

Read, ropy, and transcribe. 

\ ..^.._j....:....r:....k^ .:r:....p i ^ 

w t'' --i-.-.-\...v..^..<.,^ .^...55....!... r .\ 

k...Z^....^....::.lU 3^. ...^_...^. .._ 



^CJ^X 




Exepclse 58. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Samuel Brooks, 

Troy, N.Y. 
Dear-Sir : 

May I bring to-your notice the enclosed price-list 

and samples (of the) fabrics you saw during your calf 

last Wednesday ? I-am-able to-deliver these in blue, 

black, or gray, in a couple o/-days. The fabrics are alt 

equally durable, and-they-have no equals at-the-yncQ&. 

I also enclose a notice of-my usual April sale, and 

s/<rt//-/ye-plea8ed to-have-you call and look at-my stock. 

i'oMri-truly, 



[ 



LESSON 13. 

INITIAL HOOKS TO CURVES. 

61. A large initial hook adds I to any curved con- 

sonant ex<^pt /^ f, ~\ r ) » ). J i 

thus "■.'•■':. ^ zh. ^„g: 

^ ^ P C ^ O- C. 

Ji vi a I \y I sk I ,„i „j 

62. A small initial hook adds r to any curved con- 
sonant except r I, ^ r, ) s, ) z; thus 

fr vr thr th /• sh r zh r 
a3. The sound w^-r.a^ in ..s^..*/„^,.^,..^^. ^^.^^^^^. 
18 comparatively rare; hence, the si^ w is used to 
represent the more common sounds of ng-hr and 
ng-gr as heard in th- - X, j,„,,^,,^ ^ ^^ .^^,^^ 
V^- finger, ..,.:^.. linaer. The double consonant sh 1 
IS almost always written upward, as .l^.. official ; while 
shr J is ALWAYS writton rf(>«.Mtr«rrf, as .!.^.^;»/Jf;.. 



////• 



»r 



Exercise 69. 

S^ad, copy, and transcribe. 

■ &...-a,.....*^ .^ ^:, Q ^. n 

^.^-. ^. .\. ^....t^^^e .CL 

'■^■^ ^ <^ ^ H--^' 



» 



] y-v 






66 



V 



SHORT CJURSE IN SHORTHAND 



-^ ^^^ 'L' 



^ €A^.X\ 






'^ 



■^-^S,!^. 



^-. 



V-d> "^ 



10 • r-^^^ ?^-^-N ,j_j^ ^_^^^ V^y^"^ >~^ 

"/■^■■<u...i....^ ^ ^ ^ 

Gbammaloos and Contractions 
V /.., ..S... ...., ^ ,,,,.,^^ ^ ^^.^^ ^ 

...more or remark.,, -\ , „,,,,,,.^^ ^ ,,,^^,^ ^^. 



13 ."TTT 



Mr. 



-.. nor, 



near. 



Exercise 60. 

Write in S^iorthand. 
' '^S:^'^ ^^-^ ^ --"^-' -'^-- think.- 

2. A. J/..Frank FIet<.her ,r,««,.>t..^. the effects «/a« .,// 

meaaui-e ma,, lastfor-erer 

3. Tr^.«. .^..Tinker, t,.- banker. /« Yonke,. o.-Fnday 

t. Jre-«,a, „^«,;../^, flower stall in F<.mth Avenx.c ■ but 
-rce.hure..een nothing of-him since. «o;.-/." -^j/: ; 
«»y business in-the bank. 






INITIAL HOOKS TO CURVES. 57 

5. We-knnw no-mure. 

6. No, we-haif no other talk n'lfl. lA . m- 1 

bnmfxJ oj ener^-. hoi>eful. ..,/ ^..jj, ,^,„ „.,^,,,,, 
'^""f . ^-conquer a,,,, trou).le ..• adverBity 

Phrasbogeams. 
'« '-.y^/y, ^ /« ,vv>/^ to !;our favor. 

EJxepoise 61. 

J?earf, w;;^, and transcribe. 



^ _ 



X-^...^.-..\....^,. 



N-^-.X 



r 



29. 



V 



A 




■^ X 



,.^^..x 






■\ 



•v 



' ^— ..^...^....V„ 



m 



i > i 






58 



SHOUT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



\- -^^ 



^ 



X 



.^rrrd......^.. 






..L.. 



y^ 





Exepoise 62. 

Write in Shorthand. 



oir; 



lour-iaxor of-May 4th has just come to us. 
ffW-jw-reply t«w-bej? to say the tank j/ou sold us laat 
Apnl does aH-ffou claim and-more. We-think-it 
remarkably cheap, «or o?o we-think-it likely we-shall 
use any other. 

(h) Bear-Sim : I^««r*-truly. 

7-am-i/;-receipt-o/..yo«r-favor o/ July 27th. and- 
-in-reply beg to enclose samples of Zephyrs a.' near 
as Loan get tu-i/our shade. Trusting these may 
suit you, 
r) Dear-Sir: Yours-respectfully, 

We-have-yoin'-iavor (of the) 10th, and regreUke 
trouble caused you hy-the error of-our entry clerk. 
Please charge us with-the overchaige on-the forty 
pieces. 

Resperffu II y -you rs, 
(d) Afraid, fraud, author, freed, differ, inner. 
Owner, honor, banner, fisher, primer, aimer. 
Bunker, anger, shrewd, shroud, shi-ank. shrub. 
Flash, flavor, flax, flask, flurried, flank. 
Bushel, muffle, grapnel, approval, shrivel. 
Flipper, reproval, flaming, flare, fluke. 
Tanner, dinner, joiner, liner, fragile, freckles. 
Driver, drover, shovel, thinner, vainer, froth. 






vH/W 



.'T^/?>CWi^E>'^^-jSW?»:''IS 'T^: 



V 



LESSON 14. 

INITIAL HOOKS TO CURVES (C.)nclude<l). 

(H. The curves ^ r and ) . not Ixiinj^' htjoked 
for / or r (see pardgTapha (51 and 112). are hooked to 
provide extra forms for ,/I and .//•. and f/i I and f/i r 
resi)ectively. the sij^ns thus obtained bein^ thickened 
for the corresponding heavy consonants ; as 

^^ ^ '"\ =^ 9 ') ) ) 

Jl rl fr rr thi th / ih r th r 

The initial hook to ' / is explained in a later lesson. 

GTj. The risrht curves ^ ^ / ) must tuA 
lie used at the heginnhuj of a word. As a rule, they are 
most conveniently written after a horizontal or a .sfraii/Zit 

iipgfroke; thus .'tlf?!.. .>Y'«^f, ..y\...oaralry. >rf^^krrr-^ tu- 
ff ame, .£h^:.. rereJ ry \ but the 7^? curves v. Q_ aie 
l>etter after m ; as .--S-. .. muffle, -^C^.. remoral. 

66. (a) The left curves v« \ etc., are used when 
they stand alone and are preceded by a vowel ; as 

...^.. offer. .S... author. 

{ h) The right curves "^^ / aj-e used when they 
stand alone and ai-e not preceded by a vowel; as ^..frj/ 
...^... three. 

I'-) When juined to another stroke consonant, the 
form is used which p'ives the Ijetter joinintr. As :i rule, 
it will l)e found that a right curve joins best to a stroke 
whif^h is written tou-ards th." riifht. v/Jiije m hft curve 
joins best to a stroke which is written towards the left; 
thus .^iS^K^.-frame. ...CT^.. mover. ':.:\^..fri'l. ...^,^.- river ; 
but ..^... average, )^.. fragile, -4^— J<ff<frson. 



- f i 



^li^.: 



60 



1 f^ 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Cxepclse ea. 

Read, copy and transcribe. 

■^ .r^. .c:^ ^ 



2 r^ ^. 



4 ").:.. 
'■^■•r^ 






6--CI. 



■"^■■■S-v^--^ 



/-o^. -^ ...^. ...^.. ,^,^,^^ J 

Pnnripal4y, ..%. ,;^,;, Z";^^-^/---, -%.. principle, 

£!xei*ol8e 64. 

X. ii-^ms, however, throimh th • 

■ /f-'^'l^^^^^^^ includible ^4e.. 

5. l-rem^mht-r-th' cases ./«,/ /7 

6. /-^...-seen-./.. Sert'^'^I^r/''-'--' ^'W« 40. 



6. /-«»,.f.„»„ ,,„ ,■ """•"'//-we: 

■ 4S:.ri;'h\*' ■""' ""•'■"-"■ «-/»-.. teke.a. 



S. 77/ 



'ief/-art' re/' 



// easily rememhe 



reu 



61 



INITIAL HOOKS TO CURVES. 

Phraseogkams. 
reply, ^ lam .ery sorry, J I shall he pleaded. 

Bxepclse 66. 

Mead, copy, and transcribe. 

"^' Nj-^^^^^--N^ V:.20x ..^ >f • 

^■°- ^---i, ^.w:... ll v' 

^ ^ -i--\...40, ><^ ;^ e^ 



t 






1- 



^ )-^--^..-4..-..." 



1 ■^ ■'^' •■>-• 

"I ^ ^ 5 :-\ ^-..Sr'...? 

•^- A-... . .. ^o-. M,.. . ,.L."1\ "^ 

-•v-^^.....'.....;....>:^..>:, ^ 









11 



^- SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exercise 66. ! 

Write in Shorthand. ' 

1. Novel snivel, hovel, ruffies, inflxuc, snowflake. 
. ;J^«' P^^««' phrased, paraphrase, freeze. 

!' ^^' ^f '' ^*^'"'' ^''^^^' *^^^&«' wafer. 
4. B«*her. bother, Arthur, clever, cleverly, cleverness, 
o. Reefer, briefer, belfry, craver, rover, Bethel. 
6. lethal, breather, recover, cleaver, clover 

"ght M^a,.</^.M. principal avenue, ««.^ ^o„.will- 
_*.^ Jf,..Pai.ker'8 house hy-the side (of the) river. 

8. Follow ^ principle, of-liherty through life, and 

9. Look your trouble bravely in-th^ face, ««rf ^.«.will 

m-^ likely discover a way /o conquer it, howeoer 
severe i^wta^-seem at-thejirst. 
IC. ijfememier, W.>4o wavers m-A/. resolve /. ah^ady 
half lost. Your aim /* ^o-succeed /«-^o«;. lessons. 
Iherefore, be very firm, and go through-the exercises 
»et/or.yo« a*-weU-a* you-can. They-are specially 
devised /or-^ow. "^ 

11. 2)o-^o« ^«^«e*e.r-^^^ ««,«i,^ «/Jfr. Frederick's room 

at-the Waverley Hotel ? 

12. I-know-the price M'a* §5. 

13. r^j frivolous clerk was-mnch flurried on-thc arrival 

0/-A,, employer. He should remember there-is a 

buTui'e:: Zf '■'*^' '^'^'■^'■'■* ^"^ ^^ '^^^ ^-'"^ 



i 



] 



LESSON 15 

CIRCLES AND LOOPS PREFIXED TO 
INITIAL HOOKS. 

67 The circle s is prefixed to hooked curves and 
to straight consonants hooked for /, by writinj? the 
circle inside the hook ; thus .ySr.. cipher, .*.... decipher, 
...js-Ni... simmer, -r^ dulcimer, .^.. signer, h^.. de- 
signer, .S^... civil, .\^;.. peaceful, .%,.. sable, -L.. disable, 
—I — settle, ..X. . pedestal, ...e_:... sickle, ..^?rri bicycle. 



68. The circles s and *«' and the loop st are prefixed 
to straight consonants hooked for r, by writing the 
circle or loop on the same side as the hook, so that the 
circle or loop may be supposed to include the hook ; thus 
.5::^,.. tipper, .J^_ supper, ..Q\... sweeper, ..^s.. steeper, 
..X^. prosper, ...!j.... eater, ....^... sitter, ...9... sweeter, 
...J... stouter, . J^... destroy, ..jdrr.... ochre, ...o^ soaker, 

...ea*r-.... stoker, P... . swagger, ^ .u.... .. Jack-scretc. 

69. When a circle and hook occur medially at an angle, 
both circle and hook must be shown ; thus -"-*| • pastry, 

.TTZ^... clasper, \.. extra, k. mistrust, .uJai lustrous, 

..'A. reciter, ■■^-- listener. When cr— or «J~ follows t 

or d, it is written thus ; ..tz.. Ta*ker, . fer.. tusker, 

Jn?- disgrace. 

Bxepoise 67. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

1 -^ S- ^ ■^ ^ .?s L ... L. 



\.-.^ k ^- K-:^- 



8 



L_ 



..m->|...r3^...z:^,..=rjs. 

63 



fr! 



! A 



64 

4 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND 

= ^-^ ^■■■.} n^S.'K ' ^ 

H- i--^--^ ^~ 

a GrRAMMALOOS. 




Grammaloos. 

•t'f^i, -..'j.... true, 

'get', ^~ care, .0 sure, -J uleasur^ "N, 

-^ ' t"easute,...:<i., surprise. 



.laraer. c — 



cfiatr,....^..., cheer, 



Exepclse 68. 

iJearf, cop,/, and transcribe 

'K ] ^;- ...^- .-^. ,& r:.^.. 



2^.:., f^ 



..--s^.. 



~^ 






•^: V^- ■-^- '......t....:»...:..c. 

= ^../..^-l...^^....:z:...vc.J i ^(^, 



etlt^-^ 



■I'...6...v. 



:f- 



"> 



-No' 



3-...<-r6. 



i'HRASEOORAMS. 
-~^ / can assure you, .y^ j 
surprised. 



regret, ..^^I^. / 



am 



£:xei*cxse eo. 

i ,\ n o- '^ '"'''' '" Shorthand. 
'of the) new saddles. Very-iTvl^ 



-yours. 



CIR( LKS AND LOOPS. 



S'H.ner, „,„/ /.,,„.„,.„„ „ ''^ /■aii,-i„„iMe /.,.,Mi„r 
oMise,,/.,, //-.K^Ible 7r" "■"■':«'''■'"■ " /'''"'■'re ,„ 

a«^n sample, ^..urit:::;!-:^^^^^ "«" ^"'/ » 

E^xepcise 70. 

i?ea«?, cop,/, ami tramcribe 

2 l.^l-ib ) ° ^. 




4 



.. A. 



=-^ -^ .'^^ , < ^ 

"f-'l \--^v. ..■•' :.A-i,...\? 






^-^ ■■'' \^-- 

Exerciae 7i. 

2: aiSi^^j^JSt-r^tU,!.... stutter. 

3. Deceiver, ev ,11;; i"l"\"'; •l'^I''««<N ra ;{.or. 

4. Safer, 8eve,- ^sutf^^'," ^■''^''- ^'."kl^- s"l.l!i e«. 
5- ScrilK^. suitor "?S;j- "i'^I"-'"*^- 8n,,e4,le. 
<5- Sadder, sumiulo , ':■ '''"'*''• "*''^^^'- ^t*^'}- 

10. Are.T^;"^ •''"'" ^■''""'^- «eld„m seen i.h„ 



\i 



BiP" 



LESSON 16. 

X AND F HOOKS. 

70. A small final hook, written in the mme direction 
as that taken by the hands of a clock, adds « to any 
8_trai{?ht consonant; thus ...X^jfl/zj, . t..tone, .-</:.. cAain, 
l..^. coin, .^..run, .£^..ii<on, .^.. hen. 

71. A small final hook, wi-ittcn in the opposite direc- 
tion to that taken by the hands of a clock adds f or v 
tosiny straight consonant; thus ..^^.. pave, ...L.. tough, 
■■L..rhafe, .\ cough, ..^... rough, .c^... wove, .^\.. he^er 

72. A small final hook, written inside the curve, adds 
n to any curved consonant; thus ..V^../a/«, .)^.,oven, 
...(^....thin. A... thine, ...L, assign, .)-.. zone, ..c^... fx-ean, 
..'^..rnine, ...>^.... known, ..^.. loan, .2^.. earn. 

73. The « and / hooks may be employed medially 
when they join easily with the following stroke ; thus 

■:^-P"»'^A, ^-■■..training..'0^,..coining,..^<^..runn^^^^ 
.:::^^...paving, Li.... deqfness, i^.... ohqjing, .Jl.. refer. 

74. A hook at the end of a word is always read last ; 
so that when a word ends with a sounded vowel, a stroke 
consonant mu^t te written ; thus ^^^... pon,/, Ly..deny, 
..^.r.. hone!/, \^ puffy, L^V: coffee, ..V^.. funnf,, 

•■^.. >^hiny, ...c-a^... money. The student should i-efer 
agam to paragraph 5.5, when he will see that whrt is 
there said with regard to vowel indication applies to the 
present paragraph also. 

75^inal r.when hooked, is generaUy written upivard ; 

7. '""'"' ^- t'^rn, M adjourn, ..::^.. eorn, 

-.1^.. turf, ^rrL... scarf 

66 



"n" and "p' 



. J: /• 



^ ^ 



HOOKS. 

Exepoise 72. 

Sead, cop,,, and tranacrthe 

"'. ::«, .^ r /. -. 

''^-■'^.-^...±..^. ^ -^'"£'2^ 

Bxepoise 78. 

Hi-mi, cypy, and transcrihe 

'■^■•>-vJ-..:y:^....r.^. ., , '^ . ^ 
^■^-./.....r' :^\ ^^"% -^ 

^^-^■••^ ^^ ?.:e.$:^; 

""^ c-^-^.-...:°...^...Vlv3^\l":^^ 

X T ^' '■•-■■V-^..'::^. 

■■^■-•i-i...>.....n....^,^,.„. ^ 



67 



M 



ill 



68 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND 




■^'- '■••■^•- -'-r.-^i^ V...X. .-^: , t ,_, 

Phraseograms, 
\ refe^TJn, to your fa.or, ^ referriny to ,,ours, 
C enrlose-d herewith, Vo best class. 

Exepcise 74. 

^f^rite in Shorthand. 

^"I,,jf4.?"^^^^^"' Lincoln Hotel. Brooklyn. N.Y. 
Ucar-Sn: Refeinn^.to-yonrs (of the) 24th June, ire- 

CoWr 'If '-''7'^^ 'f ■■'"--' activity, anMm.iyolr 
imagine JFe-are mailing //.« ^.-day //,. sample of liien 
Siw'''r'' ^,t »r.-encloBe.herewith / sS 
«^f! „ "f ^ 'f '° T^^"' "•''"■'•'''-//''"-will-plea«e add to- 

-y...-o^/,... samples. TF. ,/,«„/,/ like,/o« ^.-make a spedaf 
m//«^o«Thomley& Craven, m-hare-done nothi^u^iul 

l»o,r then- general business is remarkahty brisk ju.c now. 

l'>>«/'.v-tnily, 
(i>) .\fr. Heni-y Canning, Omnire. N..L 

Z>m/-Sir: W,-/.„,,,..y„,,;..fuvor"(«f the) 11th, rr/;,/.//,- 
-reply ,..-/J..w...,.,,,,,,, ,, enclose-herewith pi^.] t 
^ -.«. new Ml ton Flyer" sowin,. n-achine. . mach ne 
to.n-h->s far n> advan.-e ofany make . .„.-.,,. sold nl 
cheap mn<-hme ^«-W././.-,/..-i^fer /.v . ^^ij^ one ■/. -1 

-place ,n,d.,r^.han „sk /./>. ,..,.,,//-./.„. ,„„ „„,f ^^^j^ 
//.c;^c- iully all-u-e claim /b/..//,f " Milton Flyer." 

Sespecfftilly-yours, 



'< 



"N" AM, -F" HOOKS. 

Exercise 75. 

\ -ffeae/. ropy, „,„f tr„n,^r;he 

=' '-^ ^-z xi:^:z, 

o . • 

:^p^ '-^-^ ^ 



69 



.Q_j> 



^ ■^■-5.-^ .:n. c..^ \ 



« -^ -^. ..'..^rr:. 



^-^ 



^ 



) '» 




fixepclse 76. 

3. Cuff, buff, dove 1ST ""' ''''"^*''"' """ineiT. 

4. Striving,, ht ';. ^'^^' 'T^- ^'^^f' «^>-f. 

8. Ask !,oHr cousin Fannv /„ f.. 






ii" 






If! 



LESSON 17. 

CIRCLES AND LOOPS ADDED TO FINAL 

HOOKS. 
76. A cirt'le or loop is added to the hook « attached to 
sfra,!,/U consonants, by writing the circle or loop on the 
mme side a« the h(H>k; thus J... Dan, J... dance, 
±.. dances, J.... da need, A-Dnnsfer. A medial circle 
however, repi-esents s „„},,; so that when «« occurs in 
the middle of a ^Tord. both letters must be shown ; thus 



L^ 



dancer. 



\ 



son 



^■■- ^IM^ncer, ransom, ..^yr::>.. win- 

77. The circle * is added to the hook/, and to the 
hook n when attached to curved consonants, by writing? 
the circle inside the hook; thus .::^.. paves, .k... doves 
■■■^■- cliffs, .^ ,^^,,^,^ \^ ji„^,^ ^_ ^..^,^,^^' 
....^i?..... moans, .C^... loans. 

78. The sign ^ ns is used to represent the light 
sound of ns after a curved consonant; thus V_p..7i.«w, 
>^^. Vance, . .rr:^...mtnce, ^<2:f., romance. Compare these 
outlmes with the following: .S^.. fans. ..W.. rans, 
...^.... 7neans, ..^.. Romans. This mle, however, does 
not apply to r" Ins, when joined to another consonant, 
the sign r* being used in such cases to represent either 
the light or heavy sounds of the lettei-s ; thus r-^ lance 
h^r::^la„eer.'SC_halance, .r... silence, ^^escellence, 
■-..y... maligns, \JC. felons. 

79. Since the krge circle .w, and the loops .v^ and sfr 
cannot }je written inside the small hooks n and /' it 
follows that the stroke n must lie emploved in such 
words as .\^... fences, S^.. fenced. .^z> minister 
etc., where nsez, nst, or nsfr. foUows a curved cunarmant 

70 



'i 



71 



CIRCLES AND LOOPS 

Exepoise 77. 

Heaff, copy, and transcribe 

^•^■•^ 3- ^.. 3: J-...J../...^ V- 

" vv ■v-v-.j y-k-^..^.^..^^ 

5^=...>4....l-..^.....^ ^^....J^IrN^' !X,^ 

, ^ .. } \ "^ "^^ ^-\^-\;, 

8. 



one. 



Geammaloos and Contbactions 
-"- "PPfoi^e, \» above, I out of I v . 
I ^;/K 7, I ^ ■; ^' ^ "(^vantage, 

"•^ opinion. 

Exepoise 78. 

£ead, copy, ami transcribe, 
1^Y..^...^.> l__/ ^ 

3^-l--...)...U...:^.%..°...k.c /.v^. 



> A^--:.. 



\ 



"^ .-(. L— ' > -^..c.-^.? 



u 



w 






72 



saoKr couiisfi in shokthand. 



^^^.-^._ ^ 






\... 



'\ 



10 .../ 

1 ^. 



-<^ 



ky 



X 



/• 






) 



it. 



^ 



-|.o, 



, Thraskoorams. 

Exercise 79. 

?rr//e /» Shorfliand. 
Ml) Mr. Gmves //^/.v, fr,, ,.fi.sf.f„ u^*. ■ 



ih) 



(r) 



( ') 



l>lac.in.- ''//v.// risks /r*f -Pil^^- '^^'-'•^, T^"*^ ''' 
It remains tu fjr.f^een //oir //>-. l..»„« i. 1. 

'//• imnnidem-e rl /,??/ *^.-"v/.v moroly ,i;-„nfy 



Exercise 80. 

Rcuil, v(j,,^, and traHtrrihe. 

^ S ^-..:::^, '^-^- A t^ 




^,,,... 



6. 



Bxepclse 81. 

, ^ , ^^''•'''' '■" Shorthand. 

1. ^«""^'e. We l.}x>unce8, trounce, tronnceci - , > 

0. Tlirones. zones, lens, refi-ains «1,„,. ,/ • '^*^' *'"'^'^- 
JUr. James Bums. ' ''''""' """"«• 

Dover, Del. 
-Z^cr/z'-Sir : 

-Pi-i<-es far below tho^Z^,t]j!: ff^^^ %"' Ji^^'""»« "'- 
Oxr customers have iT/l l""'^--^*^'* f«>rei^ wines. 

name for ZL^To/S'-t'^t-}"^^' ^«-maintuin « 
^«'*. .l/«y.jre ddtrer-,,ou a sample case? 
Yours-reKpecffidf,/, 






LESSON 18. 

REVIEW. 

80. The last six lessons may be summarized as follows : 

(a) The hooks I and /, when attached to stmiffkt 

letters, are written in the opposite direction to 

that taken by the hands of a clock : as Si blu/T 

...<^^... cliff) 

(h) The hooks /• and ». when attached to straiffht 
letters, are written in the same direction as that 
taken by the hands of a clock; as .!:?».. brain, 
—'=7P— crown. 

(c) The hook /, when attached to b. curved consonant, 
is a large initial hook; as .S^.^Jlj/, ...Q... evil. 

i'f) The hooks r and n, when attached to' a aa-ved 
ronsc . ', are small hooks; as .!^... frown, 

(c) The si^ ^represents the sounds ng-kr, or 
»ff-ffr; as ^Jrn: banker, ..S.^^..fi„ffer. 

if) When standing? alone, the left curves 'L ^ 
^ are uted if a vmcel precedes, and the 
ripht curves ^ ^ :) if a vowel does 
wr^precede; a8.:.'k.r>/ff/-, .1.. author, ::^.J'ra>/, 
.../?.. throw. 

(y) As ii nile, the right cttrves ^ => etc.. are 
joined to sti-okes wi-itten towards the right, while 
the left curves ^. <L etc., are joined to 
strokes written towards the left; as ..r.^^.. wafer, 
„«^,. waver, -5/- JcffW,,, ^ average. 
74 



/ 









EEVIEW, 



75 



/ 



(A) The circle * is prefixed or aflaxed to hooird curves 
and to straight letters hooked for I or/, by writ- 
ing the circle inside the hook; thus A... sujffhr, 
...yT&-. moans, Jl^ suppli/, ..jc-^... griefs. 

(*■) A circle or loop is prefixed or afl^ed to a straight 
letter hooked for r or n, by writing the circle or 
loop on the same side as the hook; thus ..^'....strains, 
.-c^.... stoker, .A-, dance, ..d„ dances. 

{J) A final hook, Uke a final circle or loop, is always 
read last; thus .'^.. brawn, but .!Srr:.. brawny; 
.T:<o.. brave, but .. Jly^... bravo. 

Exepolse 82. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

l-^ ^ V^ ^--^-I^x 

^\^.j..^.\^.... ....:..A...^...il^ 

iu^\...^_.\ ..^...^ ^_^ j^ f_^^^ 



1 ^ ..^.:... 

2 
3 
4 



oiDx 



''I 

m 



A-H 



rt!l 



re 



■' 'I 






SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



^* ^■■.^->-A,...-..^....^^ _ 



■- O '..X 



t^ 



'"'-'^ f. -..^jy. :>.^.::^..y;..„...(r. 

Exepoise 83. 

TFHte in Shot't/tund. 
1. S^«;/ you be In New Yo,k this j,co.r or nc.vt ^ 

3. llo^h i. on-i., on.tI,e m,,s ,,on hon.nt fro. 
*■ ^Vfnc/r"' ''"'''^'"' '"'"" ^^^ *^'^ '-anarkable Mr 

6. /-am almost ...r. .y... Mr Bright /,v . .«.,, f,aud. 

^^- jte" ''"^'"'''^^ ^-^'"'''■'- '^"«" -'■'^'^' ./-/ 
«. ^>«r pu-nic takes place „.v u.nal on-theftrst ..f 



0. />*>-//,>« think.y,m-are likely A>-..«,«,> ^ 
10. Lshnll rail and see-you un,.elf n-hn-t/u- tiuie . 



near. 



)iejct 



onies 






I 



REVIEW. 



77 



/ 



11. Oh, ,,es, loe-shall provide the music onrselces ash 

usual. 

12. Lsaw-the truck af-the door haffan hour ago. 

13. M e.hare-your-i-^^ov of Kn^vM 10th, ^;n/-a.^-///««i..^«„ 

T<>r-i/our early-reply. 

14. Z>ra/-.Sir : 

Please favor us with a copy of.,four latest list 
«/^ books suitable/o/- prizes, and ohYige, 

15. J9ea/-SJ : Yours-tTMli, 

I-iim.h,.receipt.qf.?,ou,'.£nyor «/ Wednesday. 
au,f.ni-^-ei>\y '^g /« enclose-hei^with copy rf-our list 
Of new lx)oks. 

,f, r> G- ^<'WerffuUi/-?/ours, 

lb. JJear-Jiirs : 

lu-reply-fo-t/our-hyor f/-Mareh 30th. J-i-ein-et 
rery.much the delay in-the deliver,, of.,,our candies 
n-^r/ preserves. Lhace-had a breakdo^vn /«-//,e 
maclnnery, and hence ,-/.. delay. 7-trust you-v.-\]\- 
-tavor /;,e «v^/. ^o«r indiUj^ence /or „ few-days more. 
17. Dcar-^w: y<^">'s-respevtfuni/, 

T-hare.r/ours (of the) 16th, and-Lshall-see to-the 
d.s,.atch (o the) books /„-time for,,onr pu^Jse 
/-..ni-pleased to How v/.« /.«.,./,.„? « U,.y season. 

J ww/'i-tnily. 



■■'; 



y 



-..-^ .-.;/ii— — ,"«Ju:-" 



LESSON 19. 

-TION HOOK. 
81. A large final book expresses the light or heavy 
sound of -Hon (shon), however spelled. The -tion hook 
is written : 

(a) /w*jrfe curves ; thus .k?.. /a«/»o«, .."T^C)... invasion 
- >ip..^. nation. 

(A) On the riyht side of simple (that is not hooked or 
circled) t, d', or ./; thus A)., rotation, 1-^; - dictation, 
-^- addition, ..(^. logician. ^ 

{c) On the side opposite to the last vowel when added 
to a simple straight stroke other than t, d, or j; thus 
..|^.. diction, ..;L3... education, ...^.. passion, .^.. option, 
...Lp... occasion, action. 

(d) On the side opposite to the hook or circle, when 
added to a hooked or circled straight stroke; thus 
.'^ oppression, :.'\^-. attrition, -X. depletion, J^- de- 
ception, .^. suction, ...<kj?.... discussion. 

(e) Awai/from the curve, when added to k or g spring- 
ing from the cui-ves/, v, or upward I; thus -V^ /iction 

■ ^-rb- ""I'l'/ction, ../ly...'.... location, ..(CZ.. selection. The 
circle s is added thus : .^>i^.. portions, ..C^... operations. 

Exepolse 84. 

Bead, ropi/, and transcribe. 

, ^ ^ O .v^ .^ ^ AS V r 

^ -^ >r......r%:::>....(y7:. )^cij^....[ v_; 

78 



-tion" hook. 



79 



8 



-^...^ ..<^.....r\ji... /sa...:\^ '\p. 
- ^ -'^ >.. ^.x2^ ^ 

Contractions. 
^ «'r.;„V../-«..-„/, :::^ „eglect-ed, \ ^,„,^,,,, 
7 -/>yW, -y subject, -\ ejcpect-ed, 
pecfed-/^, A respecf-ed, ^ .„,^«.^«^ 



vnej" 



^~^ III V 



peot-ed-ion 



or suspicious. 



1 ..-r 

2.U. 

3 .: 

4 ^ 



Exepclse 85. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 



\i^ 



i'"^ 



-^ ..^....^£....^:. 






'=-^- .'r....:^.„.^...v -V 

-i;-^ t. r... 




N 



s\ 



N I 



;i 



'I » 



80 



SHORT COUKSK IN SHOKTHAND. 



£?rs*. X 



in-..^.A..7^.'^o....>.- 

i2...^.^^..:^....± r 



/<> >, 



l.'J 



15 



^ 



9 . .^■^-^...1':^.....^.. .-^...^ .-^L/^. . ..-^x 

10 1..,. A :^....y :..... ./,J^._.... 

...."-^.^ 

iG L _^:^-....^. '^ 

17^,.^^..'^, ./TX...^. S^ e ^ 

10 L...( ...^ . ^. .:: : ^\^lJ..? 

Exercise 86. 

Write in IS/iorf/iaixf. 

1. Tf-ifoii siiKpcrf-the truth (of the) (iri-/iift'-/'s assertion. 

f/o ii)id sci-the erection. 

2. Jf-jion nci/Icrt to object to-the trespass. i/'iiivf\\\-li<irr 

(titJiciilti/ u'ith-the prosecution. 
.3. Vou-s/ioifld ntft iineaperteiff// and see them. 
4. fx there a 111/ prospect (of the) suhject In^inf? taken ./o," 

(lisctission in-the ne.vf session? 
.'). DocK-the principal ejpect-the infection to 9,\\yp[\A ? 
G. Di/ whose authority was-lhe atiction cairied on f 



— ' X . 






nv 



*-tion" hook. 



81 



7, 
8, 

9. 

10. 

11. 

12. 

i;i. 

14. 
M. 
KJ. 
17, 

18. 



Th!s-is-t lie first intimation J hare-had (of the) affair. 
ly«-will-//,/,r //> /;«/■ iM-thc recitations tlll-the 
insperiifjH is orcr. 

I/'->/on /tare- no rrspert for- 1 lie-man you had better 

take exception to-his inclusion. 
The defrnidation wat in) e.r petted, and-T-thitik-i/ou- 
-shoiild offer Gome reparation ./b/w/ow/- implication. 
Now is- 1 he time to sliow justification of- your 

affection ./o/' -///<- nvuhcted urehitect. 
The Niihjecl has a atran^fe fascination y'wy a man of 

resolution irho-has also a taste for invention. 
Tension, retention. iK)pulation, designation. 
Citation, sections, aj^rja-ession, visitation, station. 
Avocations, invocation, afflictions, flotation. 
Capitation, i-e^wtition, editions, rations. 
Apparition, extractions, aspirations, visions. , 
Visionary, cummiasioner, divisional, educational. 



Exercise 87. 

Head, copy, and transcribe. 

-..^-Nr^,..,-^:,....-^. a^., ?^.:vvr:..4. 

^.^ ....vi...:^ ...>?...l...ri_^.V7)...^....ti.. . 

.^. V— -P.■^..J.)■..^r....:^V::^, 

-^■•^l^-S^e^-^ N-. .,::. 

■^^ -^ b -^i .'? .b;...,A^..y°...: ,.rr^...^. 

-...r..^....^.....V-)., 1 ^.j.,, ..^ 

' '•■•••>- v 



C 5. C. 



w 



;:i 



iil 



82 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exercise 88. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. John Benson, 
Lancaster, Maine. 

DearSxr : 

W(-are-iit-YGCQ\\)t-<>f-i/i)in'-h\yo\' of June 28th, and^- 
-ice regret it-i* vit-of'-onr iK)wer ^w-uiake ant/ reduction 
in-t/ie price for-the installation (of the) gas engines. 
We-have gone over-the specifications again, with-the view 
of acceding fio-t/our wiihes ifpossible, hut-the inclusion 
of a nuwhrr of eevere restrictions ly-the architect 
forces lis to-the i-etention (of the) price ah-eady ijiren. 
We-think on reflection i/ou-yt'iVi-see there- in every 
justification for our jtrices, and-ire-ixwat to-Y^cevwe-yvur 
comiuiscion /o-proceed with-the job. 

Re,spec 'fnV If- yours. 



.!>:■ -'' Ik 



LESSON 20. 

nON HOOK (Concluded). 
82. The sound of -fio,, is expi-essed after tlie circle * 
by a .small hook; formed >.y continuing the circle on the 
other side of the stroke ; thus ..<v^., possesxi.,,, .J, ... . ^/,. 
pensation. Second-place vowels between the cirde and 
-t,oH are indicated by wi-itin^ the vowel sijoi out.Ule the 
hook; while thrd- place vowels ai-e indicated by witinir 
the vowel sign imide the hook; thus ...^... acces.i,m 
~-^... excmon, ...9^.. sensation, ...s_a.. incision, 
V- possessions, ..^. supposition. Fii-st-place vowels 
do not occur between * and -tion. The circle * may 
be added to the hook, as in the pi-eceding examples 

83. When two vowel sijnis (x-cur between -tion and 
the preceding consonant, the stroke *•// and the hook n 
are written, and not the -tion hook ; thus 'L<:f. valuation, 
..Jr^- situation, ...j^. tuition. The outline in such words' 
indicates two intervening vowels. 

Exercise 89. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

^. \>^ .\^:n„ 




■0; 



M 



* 



ri 



84 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

7 s^^.L.i^ o....::> a^ ss^:.. 

8 .-...^.fi7?.-.O...J......^N^.....N....J, V x 

Grammaloos and Contractions. 

«iynify-ieJ-Jicant, ^..signifiranre, .'^...nignijirntiun, 

insigniftrant, ":*!7. insign'ijirinirc, S— .siibsrr I />(-(/, 

\^ subscription, %— supcrserihe-il, %-=> niipifscripliun, 
f knowledge, Y avknowJcilge. 

■< Exepcise 90. 

Head, copy, and transcribe. 
.^ ) 



1 rC... 






./r>. 



'\ 



.y:\. 



•^ 



N 



(r ^. 



•"^■ 



*-^-'-.v. C. :> v..,^...\....... 



^-(..ir: ^ ,. 



vT 






6 r..../.. 



8 . . .^:r^^..So....o."..j}.....\...^....\ L ...^r:Nx 

Exepoise 91. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. If-you wish to stihxrrHie, please signify the same. 

2. The fact (of the) authorization V)ein<? refused was 

very signijicant. 

3. We hoi^e .//OM see-the slaiiifwation (of the) insigniji- 

rant remark. 

4. 77«' insignificance of -your subscription is sure to-ra,me 

a commotion. 

5. Plea-se acknotvlcdgc-the recc!i;t (of the) Vam^V on 

taxation. 



SSnG3f«*«!«f' 



'^■.. 






i^-'Bt'aTiiLt?:{?Rf 






1 . 



"TION" HOOK. g- 

in'nl„<l tin- ivtrister? people who super- 

7. Some (of the) x.iH-r.^ri.tUnis we,-e scan-ely legible 

'''■ ^ZL^!"""'''"" '""■" '•""- vexation ../ „ «,„. 
Pheaseograms. 

-^ >» «'. .,re in a position, '^, „,,, „„f ,„^,.^ 
^ less cnul less, ^ yj,,^, „f ,;,, ,„^^ 

Exepoise 02. 

i?e«</, pt,^_{/, and transcribe. 

'•^ -■•""■■' ^-^"^ v.x^.L^;; 

"■^ V^- > -^ ^...k.^x. 

^^'^f-^.f-^.-^v -^-..L^x 

Exepcise 08. 

W'/vVr /« SfiDi'lhainl. 
1. Jf7/rr'vA>v/^« /vn>,r(uf the) fact«-.>/-///^M.:.8e '^ 
"■ /ir-Z/in^tseT'^' ''"^^ '" '"'^ additi,>nal-ex,.en8e 

- \,„f;'/. '"- -l--'tK>n /.-pnne r/.. valuation «•«. 



8 



MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI ond ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




^ APPLIED IfVHGE 



1653 Eost Moin Street 

Rochester, New York 14609 USA 

(716) 482 - OJOO - Phone 

(716) 288- 5989 - Fax 



86 



SHORT COURSE IX SHORTHAND. 



5. Wc-have a very stronjf suspicion (<jf the) PniRfiian's 

motives. 

6. If-,inii-can tell us -the date (of tlie) Jh-.sf petition, 

it-mni/ sissist ns to form a decision on-the facts-«/"- 
-^//^-case. 

7. irf'-suppose there-was a succession of petitions at-the 

instigation (of the) Pnissian. 

8. We-th'nd\fr(>m-the (loi)<)f;itions. the man's lan<fiiage is 

actionabk . 

9. ire see no extenuation /«/-/*/.» line of action. 

10. Tf-tjoii rail to-movrovf, we-eaii review the situation. 

Exdpcise 94. 

Write ill Shorthand. 
Mr. G. E. Goschen. 
Synu'use, N.Y. 
Dear-Sir: 

/-(I. sire to-ea/f //our attention ^-///^ balance of $9.04, 
due f)//->/ou to-the New Dictionarj^ Agency ,./«/• commission 
overpaid. You hare already had a thorough explanation 
of- this balance/ro;» 3fr. Reeves, and you-are, therefore, 
in possession (of the) facts -o/*-^//e- case. I-oan see no 
i-eason why you-should refuse to settle-///^ claim, and-I- 
-trust ^^-receive a remittance hy return mail. 

Yours-trxAy, 
Mr. HaiTy Jones, 

Albany, N.Y. 
Dear-Sir : 

On-the 20th of Augiist //ow-wrote us saying ve-had 
invoiced ten gross escutcheons at $2.00 i^er gross, iii- 
-pliU'e ff SlTo, u'hirh-you said iras-the price given hy-our 
agent- We-have-had our salesman's price-list in for 
examination, and-we see there-i.s-no-such price as H.75for- 
-the-nunihir f^/"e8Cut<?heons delivered to-yon. /»-addition- 
-to-this, he-s-Ays he sold none at-all at-fhe-price you- 
-mention. Your supposition, therefore, of an error in 
invoicing must-he wrong, and-we-musf decline to allow 
you any reduction. 

Bespeotfull y-you rs. 



1,- 



LESSON 21. 

ADDITIONAL DOUBLE CONSONANTS. 

84. (a) A large initial hook adds «> to k and r/ ,- thus 
-C :... fjuicl; .'r:C:...Guu.n,..^<:r^., request, ^T^..»anf/,dne. 

{h) A small initial hook adds w to upward I, while a 
/pye initial hook adds wh to the same letter; thus 
.£... wile, ..C. while, .:C.. wail, .IC. whale, .^.... weal, 
..(^~. wheel. 

{(') Thiokening a downward I or r, adds ;• to taese 
letters; thus .}^.. fowler, .'^... sealer, J sharer, 
.JL..\.. snorer. ^' i 

{d) Thickening m indicates the addition of ;; or i ; 
thus ..\A.. pump, .\^. hamhoo. ..^^.. empire, 

■ ^mf>alm ; but when / or r immediateli, follows mp 

or mh, the simple ^ is written ; thus C.!^. employ,, 
.a^.. impress, ''\^ emljlem, .C^._ embrace. 

{e) Enlarging the initial hook of «•, indicates tlie 
addition of the aspirate // ; thus ..^...... irhistle, 

.y.^... whisk, ..^y^... whip, ..C^... whirl. 

(f) The double consonant ^ may 1« h<K)ked for /• • 
•^^"^ scamper. ...t slumber. clamber. 

8.5. The initial hook in «•/ and whl is i-ead.///',v/ ,- so that 
if a vowel precedes w, tlie stroke must be written, and 
not the hook; as .f^.. awhile. 

86. The double consonants r hr, "> rer, must not 
be employed when a vowel follows the r; so that the 
separate consonants ai-e written in such words -m 
•■^- raillery, Xjr.l^:.. foolery. Vl^ aurora, etc. 

87. The remaininjf douJjle consonants of this series 
are vocalized like the single consonants, as in the 
examples given above. 

87 



t 

i 

:t 
■ \ 

.'1 

'I i 



1 
■< 



tt 



8fi SHORT 


COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 


Tetter. 


Chararter. 


2\iune. 


An in. 


KW 


c_ 




kway 


</«ick, i-eywest 


GW 


o_ 




gTvay 


<^wava, linf/«al 


WL 


r 


(<>P) 


wel 


/rai/, \mwell 


WHL 


c 


(up) 


whel 


u'/ta,/e, u'/iefj) 


LR 


r 


(down) 


ler 


tee/er, wdifer 


RR 


^ 


(down I 


rer 


poorer, sha/Tr 


MP. MB 


r-s 




f emp ) 
"( emb / 


canijj, ew//>alm 


WH 


t/ 




whay 


/r//ere, w/iiak 



±. 



Exepoise 96. 

Read, copy, and transcribe, 

^ - ~ - __c^ '3^ 



2 C!_o 



, ^ h ^ ::^r i^. 



A< t_ :^ :.C^...::C^.J(\...:a..:C^ 

5-r 'C-:. -6^ .'^. 'c^ r....(rr.... 

6 .r<f.. !^ JT.. ^ /TV ....rr:^ ^. .. U 




11 *Tv....iC? C.J^ 



^ 







ADDITIONAL DOUBLE CONSONANTS. 80 

12 v- 1 ^, .'.. .c — r. °...„..^.\..— .. 

^.- or ' y.,! ..,.:\.., 

.^..- .1,..^ °....> r« 

GrAMMALOGS AND CONTRACTIONS. 
6 irill or hW/. (T... m'//,7c, .^.. i,nporl ant-re, 

^-^ improve-d-meitt, impos.sihfe, ^~t> 'n)ipruvtm:-nt.s, 

O' whether, ^ uiiqiiestionahle-i/, <A ip-nterdai/. 
L^ January, ^-^^ Fehritari/. ""V Xouemfter, 
<K Dereniher, nJ; United States. 

Exercise 96. 

Reaif, rap//, and tran.srril}e. 

1 c ^ ....:....;^.....::::....^ ^ ^. — ? 

3 /Tb-X" ^; l....r........V;^.....\....<^..?.... 

4.'..^, r^....r. . cd' i I 'k,...:^...ck.. 



6v...x..:> v:...^^,..:^.r-...^.^..[;..N 

7.\^.o...>: ,....:^-y: \ .!_.... 

s.rir: ''^....:.....: ^..'^... 

Exepoise 97. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. It-wlll-he imptMsitde to arrange such important 

improvementit far-the Jir.st Monday in Jannar//. 

2. Yon gee how important it-i.sfor-i/ou to see Mr. Wheeler. 



X.,.. 



:it- 



\s 



Iff- 



06 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



«th /• .'T /""' ^?V^^^ ''«7^/-^-v.«.«/ «.///-/>. lost 
8,sht o/ ,«-//,. huny (of the) Deremher business. 

4. Deremher ,nll-he too far o« in-the-f/ear .• «r-;««v^ 

5. Please write me whether you m-efer to-eome in January 

or in tehruary. "^ 

0. While yon-are-in Boston. it-n-iU-he an unquestionable 

advantage Jor-you to-rall on Mr. Fowler, and, as I- 

2'f yc'^terday, he-u'ill-he-ahle to-tell-you-the cost 

lot the; proposed unprc^ement. 

Exepolse 98. 

„ . „ Write in Shorthand. 

Qninn 4* Fowler, 

Quincy, 111. 
-Deor/'-Sirs : ; 

Will-you please express to us as quickly ^v-possible 
five ^ss small bottles o^'-your liquid R>ue? m^Z 
-surpnsed your traveler has missed «.v since la^t 

to^ ; ^r/?^^^'" /->J«.vV... nowhere near our 
town, o>- he-u'ould-hare giren us a call. 

Yours imly^ 
Exepcise 99. 

Write in Shorth.^nd. 
Wolf, wolves, unwell, unwilling, willinfmess. 
Wheels, where, whine, whisijer, whisker 
Tearer, steerer, cleai-er. sneei-er, borer, jeerer 
bcfaolar, foiler, viler, insular, chancellor 

5. Scamp, romp, shamixx), imbued, ambush 

6. Hami^r, bequeath, quibble, quire, iniquity. 

7. He-are mailing you -the stamps ^ry-day 

8. .4/v/««/-reque3t we-wi," ,jo to-the inquest. 

9. Where can-we obtain a ruler like Mr. Wiley's 
iw^aT.''"'' '^'''"' "' ""^'"i^S f'>-yo, you-may^i^y 

11. They ought /o-imjwse a heavy fine 

12. He stinick ^e unth an unwieldy bamboo. 

13. It-would-be fairer ^o obtain ^ fresh sheaier 



1. 
2. 
3, 

4. 



LESSON 22. 

TICK AND DOT 11. 

8.S. It has already l)een explained (panifrraph 15) 
that the <low„H-ard h is employed when // stands alone 
or is followed by a simple /• or </; and that in most 
other cases the upward form of fi is written. V/hen the 
stroke h is used medially, care must be taken to write 
the circle of the // so that it cannot be mistaken for the 
circle.; thus S^.. behave, .y^. adhere, .^l unholy 
■^ unhmic, ..TZl... Mohawk. 

89, The downward h is contracted to a mere iieh 
}>efoi-e ) ^ r (upward) and ~^ . and Ijefoi-e the 
heavy letters, ) ^ and ^ ; thus ...J . hiss, 
^ home, .^... haJe. ..t^, hair, h.. hazy, .^ hemp, 
..S^.. hearer. Wliere convenient, the tick // may also Ije 
prefixed to a consonant hooked for r; thus ..'^.„ Hehrew, 
-y.'.... hydra, J... hedger, ...)... hither. The tick h is 
always read./?r.v^ and it is never used in the middle of a 
word, n may, however, be employed medially in phrases; 
thu.s .TjT. In her own, .c^V ,ce have her own, .^.X. of her, 
...w.. to her, . ^.. to hear the. 

90. When the stroke h would be inconvenient, the 
aspirate may be expressed by a light dot. placed before 
the vowel which is to be aspirated ; thub .^.. manhood, 
■■/Ts^.. loophole, T'\jo_. . misapprehension, j. downhill.. 

91 



fc 



02 SHOET COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exepcise lOO. 

Beail, copy, and Iransvrihe. 

ik..^...^ s.-) >-.X::...^ 

^■■l- ^....-<r~^...-y....sJ\. r.. 



• I I 










U.......X 



Exercise 101. 

Read, ropy, and tramcrihe. 



1 A...^_ A ^ H 4 L L. ^ 

2 Ao .2^.....'^.....:'2... ^ 



3 »^. 






6<<^-..<f^ ^. .VI :vr^...x^. 



^::^^ 



7 >:T,-^...^ ^ J1 ^^ ' 

Q ^ — ^^^ ^-X . / . ' '■ 



TICK AND DOT " H. 



93 



- 



Exepcise 102. 

If'n'ff i» Shoi'thantl. 

1. Hue. hoe, hoax, hock, hajr. hog^s. 

2. Hall. liuU. h<'li)er. heal, whole, wholesome. 

3. Hire, hii-ei-. herl>. hark, hearty, haniess. 

4. Whom, humane, humanity, hemp. hemi)en. 

5. Heather, heater, hitherto, hyiierbole. 

0. Upholster, incoherence, adhesion. >H)yhood. 

7. Mr. Henry Hopkins, 
Austin. Tex. 
Dear Sir: 

/w-i-eply (o-//fiin--iaxor of Drrvtnhcr Hth. ire-hare- 
-the-pleasure to endosehei-ewith sample of a stain 
irhirh-iriU ijire your mahojjany a reri/ rich hue. 
W(~hare-no ajipi-ehension of failure in-yimr case, 
herait-s) we-do a bijr wholesale business in-this stain, 
whleh-is-in use throughout-///e whole (of the) Uniteil 
States. Joinei-s. upholsterei-s, and others, use if to 
heighten the effect n-hen finishing high-class jobs, 
and-ive-have-no hesitation in eaiy'mg-the stain always 
turns out well. We-tmiBt ^o-hear from-you ti-hen you 
have given-the sample a test. 

Very-iYXii\y-your8, 

Contractions. 

"V^ perspective, \^ prospective, \ productive, 

N] olhitructive, \ ot)jecti"f, y su/tjective, 

J destructive, y^ respective, A. irrespective, 

'' * retrospective. --'^ respectively, I-3 dife-five, 



) 



1 

' !■ 



executive. 



-V:- 



■^Hr 



W SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exercise 108. 

HeiK/, ropy. :niif tran.srnhe. 

1 ^:^.^^/.-...^.....vA. cs.: i — ,_, 

-..3^M:,41^^ ^,,n 

6 ..!r..^..u...:..^. M-,.,/ 

'■■^- '-/■••^^ ^-^^. ^. 

Exepcise 104. 

Write in Hhorthaml. 

1. There-i.-,,,>thinj admimble /.,-//,. .W/v..//.. vayo 

of the) .r.v^>«.//., parties, and-thy-are >.oth .//.cv, 
^' retrusperiive wiedom. 

2. r«« ^'««,r ./.«^ ,/,/,,//,„, „,^^i ^„„ ^^^ ,^^^^, necessary 

a h„<n.h,Uj, of perspective u-ill-he, if-you-are tl 
-please the eueeutive. 

3. r^.,-were one and all advice.! ^.^/,, „, aeir 

4 T^'^lZ^" ""^^T' "'"' '"■'■"^^'^^" ^'''^ '''^^'•^'■''^ property. 

4. r^. speaker said ..^we,^ all and each respeLeJy 

liable /. prosecution, if our counsel „•«. ^.V^,//,^ 
o/trouble. 

5. r^.- suhjectire test «v/.v /.;/-«<;-n,eans properly taken 

.^-.e-.l.,U -^V-the elective „. insist^^.i .!t' '; 
!!!/!/!" ^''^°''^'^*^""' ''•'•-•^W'>^^ (of the) tea^-her-s 

6. The di-awinjj shows the man's possession ./ ta«te 

hut ,. also prove. /.•.. ,/,/^,,,•, X...,;;,^^, ^ 
perspevtne and a lack ^>/-traininf?. 



TICK AND DOT • H " n- 

Phkaseograms. 
I ^ ^"''" ^"^ ''''"' ^-^- Monday u,on,;„r,, 

U^ Wuhund y evening. 

jSxerclse 105. 

Read, ropi/, and Irou.fcnhi 

^•^-•^-?-\.^'L^ K^ 

2. x^.U.-..x ?r\^Axn. 

' -^ -H" ■-■■■-::^...i.r:^. ^.^^.^^ 

6 .^vy:r ^.....r. .A ^ ^--^1^ 

- ''^^ b....l^. h.^ 

Exercise 106. 

Write in Shorthand. 
J. Heaton ct Sons, 
Omaha, Nel.r. 
-DeaA-Sirs : 

li«/" W^ -r, '!'' f'"' ^"^"^'"" ^'^-^^'^ enclosed prioe- 
ation (of the, same. .Sy,.,,/,/ there-he any likelihcMxl 

T eryiruly-yuurs, 



i 



'„. 11 



LESSON 23. 

UPWARD AND DOWNWARD L. 

91. At the Iteffinnin^ of u word. / is jreiierally written 
upward ; but when iirtrah'd by a ruin/, and foUuwed hy 
a simple horizon t til letter, it is written lioii'turan/ ; so 
that a downward / in such eases indicates the i>resence 

of an initial vowel; thus ..'-^.. afikv, Imt /.. like; 

. w. tifoitf/. but . :- hjiiij ; .KTT^. el ill, Vmt A. hiitih- 

92. At the end of a word. / is generally written 
upward ; but ofter V, v. o — <":_ , and any 
straiijlif upstroke, it is written iloictiioard if not fol- 
loivil h;i a rowel; so that a downward / in s.ieh cases 
indicator the absence of a final v(»wel; thin .x^..J'iill, 

bilt ..\^ .fully ; .'.<... vafe, ]n\i Si... rolley ; J^....sralf, 

but .-o-ZT.. scali/ ; ..VC... nqiiall, but - pr/ {.fiuully ; 

..^.... yell, but ..<r.. yellotc, 

93. Final I is wi-itten downryard after a straight down- 
stroke, if two vowels intervene ; so '^at the outline in such 

cases indicates the vowels: thus ■ -J^- ^o«W, but x7....toll ; 
..^... trial, but -i.'.. trail : -J;- duel, but .\^. dull. 

94. Final / is always v,ritten downward after -.-- and 
— ' ; thus .1... nril, -('■.- only, ..\/. .. ivromjly. 

95. The double consonant ^ ler is uoed after those 
k^tters which would Ije followed by a doiv/ward I ; thus 

..\^.. fuller, ->:- ralor. .IT^.. sealer, .x^.. sqiiulhr, 

■■^-. ruler ; v.hilo the sif^u .' ^ (//') is used after those 

letters which would be followed by an upward /; thus 

96 



UPWARD^ AND DOWNWARD " I," <)7 

•'^^^i P»hr, .\^..^. Illhr, ../'..7^ J„:in'. _?; >, m,.!, r. 

The student should also ., fer auiiin to ininiirnipli :W- 
Exepoise 107. 

R(<i(/. roj}//, ami I •'insrrlhr. 

•^ ^ <i -^ -^-.^ c 'k 

3 T. y......TZ7 ^ v^ y ^ 'Y' 

^^ ^ V ^ ^ Y >.^ 

8 Jr. . 1^. . /^ .. . /^ . _}^ _}^ 

Exercise 108. 

TF/vVc ill Short ha lift. 

1. Elmira. Illinois. AUejfhany. Alleiitowni. Los Aii.cleH. 

2. DansviUe. Kiioxville. Jacksonville, PeckKkiU. Juiie.;- 

ville. 

3. Newly, Manila, exceed in^'ly. voiceless. i'acil>. 

4. Veal, adujiral. yell, pi-evail. Seville, willinolv. 
o. Veil, fuel. fill, filler, foil, foiler, dual. Powell. 

0. Deal, dealer, tall, taller, boil, loiler. pale, paler. 

7. Atlanta. Alaska. Lincoln. Lancaster, Alto<,na. 

8. Lexington, Lima. Milton. Toledo, Alpine, Salen 

9. Follow, volley, villi, r.illy, yellow, villain, felon. 
10. Family, sickly, leisurely, loosely, Brazil, hea-ily. 

7 ^» C. 



■^ '^ \ 










1", 



98 



SHORT COURSE IN SHOBTHANi>. 

Contractions. 
\ ah,tractio„, 'N|^ ohstn,rtio>,, "^ suhjMion, 
^ objection, \^ destruvtion, L vomtruvlion, 
uniform-it y-ly, .T-^ nnunimity-ous. 

Exercise 109. 

Bead, copy, and transcribe. 




8.-.i-^, x...i.|.. -.t^ o;f 

Exepcise 110. 

U^nte in Shorthand. 

1. What object i„n can yon hare to-the construction 
proixwed ? 

2 We mce our advaiife to-the nniformity (of the) lessons. 

3. I he subject ion (of the) enemy aud-the destruction 

of -his sliips wrw-ouly pojsible t,y strenuous Ui)x)r. 

4. In-his abstraction he caused an rhst ruction on-the 

line. 

-). Tie-are unanimous in-our opinion as-to-tke loss (of 
the) vessel. 

a The uniformity of-his-Wfe led to-his election as head 
(of the) EvecHtivc. 



TTPWARD AND DOWNWARD " L." ftfl 

7. I-h„iH-i,o„-,n1l induce Hum fo-renioye-f/>e ohstnu-fh,,,. 
H. Jfe gave leswms to-the Ijoy /« mac-hine mustrurtlo,, 
and (Irawinff. 

Exercise ill. 

^/•//e in Shorthand. 
E. LawHon 4" Sons. 

Tc.ledo. Ohio. 
DpCT/'-Sirs : 

//^-i^ply-^.-^/o..r-favor o/ June 2nth. w-enclose- 
-liei-ewith quotations f„r iiiu].rella.s (of tlie) style ,/m,- 
-miiiire. <n„l-,ce-ie^\ surei/ou-wUl like WhV/.. apix^amnc-e 
a;/./-//,..-i,nees. We-helieve our umbi^llas «/.,/ parasols 
rr/-e unsuii,as8e<l.A>- eleprance ./ .losi^rxx ,,«,/ fi„i„,,, ,,,. 
-vvU-as /or len^h of wear. 77,r,y „>•. immensely 
lK>pnlar wherever //..,// .,;-. sold. hrra„sc (of the) exc-ellenee 
(ot the) make a,>d-fhe i-ea8ona))le prices af-,rhirh fhr,, ore 
produced. Tr.-.v/.,,//7v,^-pleased to-Mf our traveler fo-rall- 
-iipoii ijou ij'-yon desire it. 

HespectfxJtji-fioitnt, 

Exercise 112. 

Write in Shorthand. 
The Elli.son Bicycle Store, 
Elmira, X.y. 

/)(iir-Sm : 

Refo,Tiufr.to-,,o„r-fayor(o{ the) 12th. //.^ extra lonir 
• oat pilnr./;». .]/,-. Lonsdale's chainless hicycde .-///-/.. 
JViidy % Fri.lay-eveiiin^r „,./,,, 1,,^^,.^ and-rviU-t,,. 
•dcl,rercd early o,, Saturday-monnn^r. fr.-.r/r ex<.ee<l- 
.ngly Sony /.-leam (of the) trouble ,,o„ har.-had 
thrn,n,h-ty delay. /../-.v.vv,.-a.ssure-//o. it-i.-i,„,„s.l1,t, 
to nnisli ///(• job any sooner. 

Very -iYwX-s -yours. 



I 



LESSON 24. 

UPWARD AND DOWNWARD S. 

96. The student has already learned (in para^-aph 15) 
the general rule for the use of the upward and downward 
forms of r, and he has seen (in the same paragraph) that 
the object of the rule is vou'el indication. Where, how- 
ever, this object can only 1^ gainod at the sacrifice of 
ease in writing, experience shows that it is better to 
make an exception to the general nde. to disregard the 
vowels, and to use the outline which is more easily 
written, and, therefore, conducive to speed. Accordingly, 
it was pointed out (in paragraph 49) th.-^.t upward r is 
written ({f'ter a straight upstroke, and (ffer a curve and 
circle like V^ or * v.^- . The student is now desired 
to note that the upward iorm of /• is also used, regardless 
of vowels, when it precedes t, d, ch, j, th, H, gl, or w, and 
when it follows ks, gs, or two descending strokes ; thus 
..%«s^.. closer, ...rrt... grocer, .;^.. aright, -^.. arrayed, 

"^^^» -f- urge, '^^CZ... oracle, /^, argal, 

-^..... Irwin, .%^ prepare, -f^^^- Shakspere, 
■^r^s:^ trampler. It will be remembered, too, that 

final r when hooked (paragraph 75) is generally wi-itten 
upward. 

Exepoise 113. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 




' /t A. .y{r:.. 

< \A y\ ^: ly>.....(^'_ 

100 




6 

7 

8 



UPWAitD AiMD DOWNWARD " it 

v^--^- -^- \^ V-. ^ l>- P^ 



101 




Exercise 114. 

£ead, copy, and transeribe. 

1 ^ <^..-^'....^^^^ ^ /L 



^ 



2 V^:.--^:..Vo<^:..C>c...^^:.^,..o>^- ^; 

3 ^....^..A...x\_y<:^^ J^ 



^•- .^. 





."^^-^...^ 

Exepcise 115. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. Aspii^, aspimtion, debar, tippler, arran^rer, battler. 

2. Alhere. m.rn>r eai-eer, wai-e, l>eware, unaware. 

' ■ if,r"' ^"'''' •'"^'T" ^^^'"y- ""«^«-8. »-^i^or. 

4. Bui-n, mom, yam. l,am, ac-om. sojoiim 

[•■ Auricle. oriKmatum, urgency, emdition. 
/. Air airy, ami, orb, iirifration. aroma, ark. 
«. Irish, imny, ironical, artrne. am«Kn, era 
5'. Jeer. i~ - 




I". 
I 



1 



M 
■< • , 

■•111 



tiffvr**^ 



102 



/>^ licrci'iiKf, re roil lie, 
imhlir'nh-iil. 



short couksk in shorthand. 

Contractions. 

retjHiat', "\_ irrcniihn; 
^ pi(hlk-ation, /Ny repnhlir, 
rcpuhlivan, /^— rcp-fjnaiif-re. /\ irprescnf-n/. 
^ representaHou, /\o representative, y\ responsihle-it>/, 
\ irresponsil)le-iti/. 

Exepcise 116. 

i?eff(/, ("o/j^, or«</ transerihe. 
1 . 

3.....L,..;..../.^....^....:^\^^..vt:Lf,, 

4 ..:^a...^::<rX-^-.^. 



aJSX. 



.<J... 



r^. 



6 ..•r2..Co...v-.'\-^. 7.r^..-^v.._..o^> 

8 ^.....[U......^.....Cz\....C..o....A. 



^ r 



■\- 



I...-r- 



Exorcise 117. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. 77/r i)ii1,Hration was issued ^W/<t' yi>«/>//r hi/-the rcprv- 

seiitatire (of the) Rer. Arthur Rose. 

2. The sUivy (of the) reputjfir. just put,lisheil, shows //««- 

-/A/- represctitatires saw their rcsponsihilit,/ and 
i-efused to t)e led hi/ irresponsible men to-the 
a.lmiasion (of the) repmjnanf itrinciple of taxation 
UUUUS representation. 



UPWAED AND DOWNWARD " R." 



103 



3. The!, 



or repmjnanre to-th- in'v,j„Iar nvouu- ,m.v clearly 

tlirown ,>pon-t/,f' rcjular rcpn-sai/a/ire (of the) 

WV-.V/..,// pnf,h:s/> the si^eeches (of the) responsHh- 
leiulers (of the) repuhliran party at-the-c\o^Q (of 
the) i/ear. 

Exercise 118. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

1- ^-^■ 



V- 





^, 



Exepcise 119. 

Write ill S/iort/tand. 
Mim-ay Bros., 

"VVestuiinHter, B.C. 
iJear-Sirs : 

rn-iviAy-to-i/oiir-tavor of Janiion/ 30th. «-^ t-etn-et 
we-hai^-heen nnal.le /o-place-///.. cur^o of spruce ,-efu.se 
to-,rhiel,.,,oi.-veie.r, ainf-,re-{ear there-is-no likelihood 
>tf-o,(r obtaining o l.uyer just-now. Tr.-were in hoiies of. 
-success i,ester,lai,-imn-nh\ii, hut-the party refuses 'to- 
-pro<,eecl «vV;,V/.^ business /.-,l:,y, nnd our exertions 
//rrrr-/>.r« /,> m> purpose. Shmld-Hx- rome across « 
customer /r.-.lay ,.;• ^.-mornw at a i-easonaMe price we- 
irilf wii-e i/oi(. 

liespeelj 'ii II y-;/,, ii />•, 



• 



•f »: 



I 



LESSON 25. 

REVIEW. 

97. ia) The -//.;, hook is written : (i.) Inside curves • 
(u on the r,^ht side of sin^ple t, ,/, or,/; (iii.) when 
added to a simple stmi^rht stroke other than t d 
or./, on tne side opposite to the last vowel; (iv ) 
when added to a hooked or circled straight stroke 
on the side opi>osite to the hook or circle ; (v ) on 
the under side of k or ,j, when these lettei-s iollow 
f or v; and (vi.) on the upper side of k or g, when 
these lettei-s follow upwanl 1. 

{h) The -lUn^ hook is not written when -tion is im- 

/ . „™^'^'*^«ly l»-eceded by two vowel signs. 

('•) When following the circle .v, the sound of -tion is 
expressed by a small hook. 

(</) The sound of r is added to downward 1 and down- 
ward r by thickening these letters 

^''^ ^letter"^"^ ""^ ^' '*'' * '" ^^^^^ '"^ '" ^'^ t^i^kening the 
(/) A large initial hook adds ic to k cr g 
iy) A /«.^. initial hook adds u^h to upward 1, while a 
*v«a/^ initial hook adds ,. to the same letter 

of\b?;rtter^ '' '"'^'^"'^ ^ " ^"^ '"^^^'^'"^ *^" '^^^ 
(/) i/is expi-essed by a tick before ) ) ^ ^ 

JTv ^ ,^'.'''''^ ^'^^'''^ *'"" straight down- 
sti-okci hooked for r. 

U) When the stroke h is not convenient in the middle 

//Ti ^^l^l^"-'^*^ '^^y l>e indicated by placing 
a dot before the vowel sign. 

(/•) An /«/V/«/ vowel may te /«,//r.Vrr/ in such words as 

alike, along, by writing the don-nn-ard 1; while a 

Jmal vowel may be indicated in such words as Ml 

scaly, by wi'iting the upward 1. ' "' 

104 



RKVIEW. 



105 



4: 



(/) As a nile, (fownward r is vn-\tten when a word 
fw!„„.s with a vowel followed by r; while upward r 
18 written if a word e,„ls with a rowel preceded by 
r; but t<) avoid an awkvard outline, either r is 
written, irresijective of vowel. 

Exepclse 120. 

Read, copy, and transerihc. 

• >-^-^--{ ■ ^ a... 

^■■•Y ^-^ ^-^ ^'• 

'V-^ ^-^^^^^^^ 



7. 



^ 



/'-'-V 



v^TSi 



10 



-^..../...i..^..v.r...... 



p. 



Exepoise 121. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. 77/^- an-ival of- our representatire was altoqe'her 

unexpected. 

2. The reyular source of -hi., supplies kv.. in.igni/irant. 
■i. I he new taxation wvV/ swell the puhJir revenue. 

4. We «./.s>^ the physician ^>-make a suhjcctire and 
objective camination of -her eyes. 



?fc. 



t I; 



lo;! 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



5. The representative, (of tlie) niler wore a n.>,;f'onn uf- 

6. The supn-Hcnpthm mis a luiHor.il.le scrawl 

7. The discission u^as prudnvtive of „ slynijivant increase 

in-tlw siifjfirription.s. 
H. Your views uunHn- npmjmn.t to-thv exemtire aml-the 
riytilur meiiifivm (of f •>) club. 

Exercise 122. 

Write in ^Shorthand. 
James Pen-y 4' Co., 

Ja«'ksonvillH, I'la. 
JJear Sire : 

ir-„o>, hare the leaot notion ./ „;; alterati.m inthe 
situation .i^-y/„,.,. Lusines., premises, ire .ho„Jd like „.,„ 

/W .,> .. Fifth Avenue. There-ean^^e no letter posiJion 
.//-///c-city ./,.. ,, l..,snie,ss like ,,onrs. an,1-,,e .shonld-lu- 
-pleaded /« an-auge an early lease «/ favorable rates. 

yourtt-renpectfu/fi/. 

Exepcise 123. 

Write in Shorthand.. 
Mr. Thomas Batty, 

Chicago. 111. 
Dear-Sir : 

to J'\ '""^/^"^^Z'-^'^^"'- i«q""T. >re-hare-the-pteasnre 
^. em-lose-hei-ewith speci..eu pages of-onr new " Star 

J.-.v/..//-.^p eased to-detirer-the whole set ^o-,/o« o. 
receipt ,y ha^me p.tdished price. ^-5. other half to f.- 
paid .v//.,» six-months >fdetireri/; or, if-„ou prefer// 
tre-ean make « lib(iral reduction./^;;- cjish. 

J w«;w-tridy. 



LESSON 26. 

THE HALVING PRINCIPLE. 

5W. (o) Halving a flijld consonant indicatess the 
aa.litioi) of / ; thus V^ pack; .V^. iH,rk;;h .\... trrr, 
..1... treat, ...1.„ tt'eatii, .%... .strcetn; h... pla//, S:^.. phitc, 
..^».. phitl'S. 

[h) Halving a hcarif consonant indicates the addition 
of d; thus .irr. ijvc;,. .rr.. ijnule, ..^.. ,,r,„lcH ; 
-Xa l^rcir, ..Nf.. hi-ciml. .^.. hnmh ; ../^ . ruh, 
./^.. nihhnl. 

{<■) A consonant which is JinafJi/ h(M)ke.t. or which 
Oi-cin-s in a word of more than <me s,/Uahh\ may (with 
nii-e exceptions) l>e halved to indicu'te the addition ol' 
eittur t or it; thus ..:^.. pai„, ...^•.. pah.t ov pahn,!. 
..:^„ paints; ...x^... men, ..^. nirn.f ov meant, ...^.. mends; 



ware. 



..<J.... wared, ...^... iraft, 



cP 



N. ' v. wafts; 

-j^. planted; ^. rredit ; ^.. rabbit or rabid; 
.Cy.. rapid; C-. eulored. 

Exepcise 124. 

Read, ropji, and transvri1)e. 

1 X X ^' 5i ^- ^z:>s .<r?:>... 1_^ 1- 

2 _ _ a_ Q^....\_ .Vt *t....<:\' f^'......Q. 



3 .>C^....\-....N^....V. J^ 



4 jv Iv < ^ X /■ 

6.\...^ ^...r? ...- 



Qi Q? ->v 



.^.....^ 



^ 






107 



1 

"I 
t 



i 

tit-- 

f 



V, ' 



HJ« short course in shokthand. 

8.S..^^...^...^.....<i -n -n .^ri....r::^ri 

^•"^ ^-^ -^ '^■•3:-...3r....9....3v..<A...c^....e^...^ 

^^ "^ '^ -^^^ ■iP-.To ^^ vi,.....c^'. c^' ^ 

n ^.^..144..^ ...^._^ ^. 

Exepciae 125. 

Wriff in i'hort/ia)i</. 

1. Lay, late, colt, i)elt, ta^-ked, decked, fiKht. 

2. Enjoy, eujoyed, dodged, jade, ^oad, ^'oads, drafrffed. 

3. bhot. shots, night, canpht, cut. cuts, bud, buds. 

4. Spy. spite, stray, straight, mate, mates, notes 

5. Dry. dried, di-ead. broad, blade, blades, bread 

6. Pen, ijenned, sjiend, spends, |?ain, jjained, gi-ained. 

7. (jrant, prrants, lend, lends, fine, find, finds. 

8. Ten, tent, tents, mine, mind, minds, faint 

9. Shaded, shredded, plated, skated, melted, related 
10. Panted, fated, voted, hated, t.iblet, budget. 

99. Half-sized t or il, immediately following the 
consonant t or ,1, is always disjoined; thus -'1.... treated, 
-iy dreaded, - .1:,.. traded, -ll,... edited. *' 

100. Half -sized w (^) is used as a contraction for the 
termmation «v//v/, aaid half-sized // (^ ) for .y«/v/ ; thus 
.->:::t^. hacktvard, L^.. dm'lt/ard, 

101. Final t or d, when foUowed liy a sounded vowel, 
mustlje tcritten inj\:ll; thus ^..fanlf, but ^.- fault ji. 

102. There is no third position for words whose outlines 
consist of half-sized lettei-s only, or of horizontal letters 
joined to half-sized lettei-s. When the vowel < .r principal 
vowel in such words is a third-place vowel, the outline is 
written m the second position; thus J^... tendered, 
-V splintered, . ^.„ kilt, ..._r.... colt, .O.. meted. ' 



t 



THE HALVINO PRINCIPLE. IQQ 

Exepoise 126. 

ltt'ti(/, vopi/, and tranarribe. 

^--■-■■^ ^---^1; ^..■..^. y K \ i- 

2 ^' ^] .N^ ^ ..Wl..'.. W], .>..-./^ 

3X ^ i'. \ -^ rrP I^ ^.''. 

4 .x^.. x^ ^ .-ii ^ .^ ;^ %, 

«^-"^- ^-4-^ -1. - ^ ^-.^: 

7 .'^C<'.....\><' b-. ^.....j^ /, "^ /^ <L 

8 .-:^....>^ .... <r<^ tf<s.....T* :i* :^....<^. 

n ^...^....^......^. ,^. ,.^ %...%>:. .X...%...X....^ 

Exercise 127. 

Write ill Shorfhniui. 

1. Doubted, rioted, ci-edited. ol.tmded. imitated. 

2. Roast, roasted, an-ested, fasted, dusted, lasted. 

3. Downward, southward, i-earward. stock-yard. 
1. Pit, pity, }iody. sriddy. mite, mijrhty. witty. 

5. Rain, rained, rent, rents, leanit, pai-ent. 

6. Couffb, cou^'hed. craft, crafts, vent, vents. 

7. Lodfred, bridfred. waered, jmid^'ed. b inured, dredged, 
S. Patted, sifted woiinded, indeed, sounded. 

9. Print, prints, tint, tints, wouncb woiuids. 

_ Grammalogs. 

fli'il*'' — cindi}, God, _ ijnod. .T.... arcordiiiif 

or according to or cart, c- cared, .T'..ijiiard, c- great, 

called, o. cold or equaJli'd. c_ gold, ...3. cannot, 

-3 account, .J.... gentleman, J genthr-n, .^...happened, 
..^....particnlar, <\ opportunih/, ../.'... clilld. ^^ instant 
iinxf). not. ^ nahire, -.y... na*Hr<il-Ii/, 



. i 



! I 



no 



1 I 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exepolse 128. 



r^^ 



•< 1- 






Itrad, cop I/, a, id tnin.si'rihe. 

"■^ ^ - ' 

y ^ cy^.....^. ...'.... ^ 

^ - j^ /> 

.'.. ^....^..\yf..\ 



.."\ 



. ij^ ''-....S. 



Vi 



■^ 



X 



••)-s-v 







r 



( 



.(. 



. v^ 



\ 



.- X 



Exepcise 129. 

Tf/vVr /// S/iorf/ntfiif. 

1. Ircnniof quite see how-th- gentleman couhJ-have onlled 
sooner. 'ff^c 

2. The part irnlar aeroinif i,on name shdi-he settled 
on-theju'st op port unit I/. »t^iiit,u 

^' ^'jhr'u,2T' '" '"' '" "'^" "■'^'^ ^^'^'^ changed the note 

4. Iff Innl a ,„'eaf coat to guard him, so he cared nothlnr, 
Jor-flie eofit. •' 

■'■ 'lms?.;f fn"'"" ^T^ '" "r?'>^''^>^>'.l-the gentleman a 
hospital.le reception on-th,s partieular opportuuit,,. 
ll»- men stood o« ,,uard l.e8i.le-^//f qreat ,-art whh'-h- 
-tnis loaded «■//// ,jo/d for-, he bank. 

7. If-ih\s-,je»tJemans talents had equalled his audacity. 

l-k',iOH'-not what mi<rl!t //./rr- happened. 

8. 7;«r little J-// /A/ knelt ./.>/r« ,,;,,,■ asked-///f qreat God 

to imard hun throu,,h-the dreaded nifrht 

10.-5 The halvinff principle is employed for the in.li- 
cation of the words // and .oi, in phrases like the 



(i. 



^':, '«ft;^..i5^i': 



THE HALVINO PRINClPLK. m 

following: /^ / „n, ..,,/ ^ / / , , , . 

r^ >,o„ ,rrre >.,.f, ^ „,„ ,rin ,„,, %/. /;,,,; ,^,,,, ^,..,, ^^^^; 
^ i/ '/. ^ if,! has (<,r /.v). .^.,. ;„ „.},•„■}, U is (ur /,„s). 

Exepciae 130. 

Read, ropi/, and fratisn-'ihe 



ff>). 






1>-....L-^ 



.^v-^ 



.^.... 



<r^ ^-< . 



^ i...^ ^%v^.:^ 



/N 



.0... „ 



v^: 



t- 



-■•^^a>>,-....<J_>...\i. 

^-.v..? : 



■C 



Exepcise i31. 

,^ „, ^Vritc in Shorthand, 

ihr. Edward Hunt. 

Cleveland. Ohio. 
Dear-^h- -. 

/r.-desii-e to-rall ,,o,n' attention fn-thr enrlosed 
sample ./ Fruit Salt, >''lnrh..,-fhink.,,,n.,,,,,^^ 
A.S u-.U-Jn^ obsei^ed, //.. ]x,ttle in-.hirh-if-is , ac-ked T 

article «/.e«-/ v.v displaye.l i>,-,,our store. Wc-shall-he 
-glad ^.-hear ,/-// meets .vV/. ...«. approval. aJ'J^. 

Prices (of the) d^/ferenf sizes encdosed. 

-ff t' s7>fY.//« 11 y -you rs, 



!i 



•fc-i*-,'---' 



LESSON 27. 

THE HALVING PRINCIPLE (Cuncluded). 

104. The four consonants --^ -^-^ ( > . 1)681 dos 
Ijein^' halved for the addition of t, may be halved and 
thirkene,! to indicate the addition of d ; thus .^:^- palmcl 

.^.. mtnie, -A... ahncl ; ..k.. ilesiipml ...^... .sound, 
..9^.. snowed ; .%. piled, y... old; ..^-..shared, ...:^...^r/W. 

...^.. hoard. ' 

105. The si^s r Id (written downuvrrd) and ^ rd 

are not used if a sounded vowel comes l)etween the 

l-d or r-d. In such cases, the consijnants must Ije 

written in full; thus ..::<,.. paled, but y^... pciffld ; 

N^. ho/d, but ..^^.. hallad; -X,- ff^ired, but 

.'^. parried; -U- tarred, but -''-1. tarried. 

10(5. The consonants -^ ?«/>, ^^ «.'/, fanuot be 
halved to express the addition of t or d, unless they ai-e 

liooke<l initially or finally; thus ^"^- slnmher, 
C^ sfumhered, ...^... impn(pi, .-.^-. inipuyned ; 
Z^ ra A-er, Z^.. eankered. The double consonants 
r Ir ^ /•/• rannot he haleed to indicate the additiim 
of t or '/. under ani/ eirrumstanres, tecauE^e the sijniR 
r > av'« utilized for the i-epi-esentation of Id and rd 
I'e'^ljeciively. (See paragraith 104.) 

107. The half-len^rth r [ / ] must never te written 
alone, nor with .v only added. Words like -^- rate. 

A writes, arc, therefore, wi-itten in full. The final 

112 






.v^scjSr 



■ .^■'':*£*'V+r' ,^ 






.■.:5'/' y.^sd. 



■■\-t. 



I 



THE HALVING PRINCIPLE. II3 

sound Of rt is generally expressed by the half-length 
upstroke; while the final sound of nl is, as a nile 
expressed by the half-length dornistrok; ; thus ^y^.part 
-\- Paired, .!.. dart, \. dared. Whei-e it is not 
convenient, however, to write ^, the light half-lenirth 
upstroke may }« employed for the expression of the 

lieavy sound; thus r^ htrd r^ l„rr,l > „ 1 

'"'«, .f iiueii, ..— _^... geared. 

Exepcise 132. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 






8 /^....V^..:rv7i r> .-j^... z:^.... V ...^^.. _^_ 

Exercise 138. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. Be assured you-will repeat the sound results achieved 

III/ thousands. 
-'. We-harc mailed ,/ou a sample copy of part thitje 

oj-oiir new monthly. 
3. 7r^-on.-lose nite card, and would mV-i/o,, to note this- 

-point: /^e circulation (of the) pai^er is insured 

oi/-its value, 
as'. r. 



> 1 



' I 



m 



^i?:3SiHl 



m 



114 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



4. jye-have pi-esumed /w-send i/uu details of- our new 
ventui-e, and-it-would afford «.v yreat-pleusure to add 
your name to-our list. 

6. May-we poLnt-wK^ to-you why our pai)er is read hy 
thousands (of the) class it-ia desired /o-reach ? 

6. On our part, ?("e-a/'c-pi*epared to-ilo our test imtil the 

difficulty in conquered. 

7. We see-the imijendin.ir stragffle, hut with your help 

uv-shall conquer, hard thouijh-the task may-he. 

8. We write to say we followed your counsel, and-the 

business was allowed /w-proceed. 

Grammalogs. 
^ huild-iny or'ahfe to, P told or //// it, ...1.. tried, 
1 toward or trade, I did, J rf/V^ ho^, ..A... had not or 
(/w not, y.... after, V, ?y it, .1... thouykt, A... that, 

< without, ") third xent, <i^ send, <r- somewhat, 

...r.... short, wif/ht or met, ^ mcet-ing. 

Exercise 184. 

Scad, copy, and transcribe. 

1. .-cA.....^^....v^ ... . ..„.^ .. ..:i,....^.x::^. 

2 ^.....i C.^..3 ^.....UN/r:\.x 



4'* (..._.....^- v-.X. !^ 



u 




IIPMIII I IMIII ■111 in 



j*ff'> u&lui r'u's'* , 



THE HALVING PRINCIPLE. US 

Exepclse 135. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. WilI-,,on not he-ahle-to come to-the meeting after-the 
\ store IS closed ? 

2. -?/"-/V-/.v-i>o8sible, I- will come in for a .short-time 

3. Ile-told them that without a doubt he-would send a 

check ^o-day. 

4. We-tried ^-find out-the extent of-his trade, but-we- 

-dtd-not succeed. 

5. We-thouyht-you-might go to see him on-thc third. 

6. Wc-did send him a colored piece, hut it-wu 

different from-t he pattern he-sent. 



ras somewhat 



Phkaseooeams. 
L. at any rate, ..tf.. at all erents, ..b>.. at all times, 
>. at som^ time, .}:^r~- at the same time, 
Nr--v for some time, .!^:::C:. from time to time. 



Exepcise 136. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

l..^^..^..k..-^..::^:.^.<.^,...^...^ 
^ °-,- '■ '-^■- ..^.^-, ^ 



.^ 






> 



p ^- 



<5^. 



1/ " 




..^^— "^...N 



li 



11 



"^^PE^^^^T^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^JT"'^ 



116 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 




Exepcise 187. 

Write in Shorthand. 
Mr. Edward Hindley, 
Sandford, 111. 

/«-reply-^o-//o«,-favor (of the) 3()th ult., we wo„f,/.siiy 
l^''f -'<'''■<' re, af-aff-tm.eB. wiirnuj ^.-replace r,«y-part of a 
bedstead wh,eh-ma,/-he-ioxxm\ daiua-ed on-deliver,, if-it- 
-tH quife-cle-^r fhat-^he fault is ours. yo„.,na\-rest 
assured that all-uur bedsteads arc built (of the) 'finest 
steel ami iron, and-that erer,, rare is taken to see thaf-the 
goods are right ri^hen sent out (of the) factoiy. At-the- 
-same-time, it-ma,, happen, from-i\me-to-imxe. that some 
latent flaw ma>,-}>e discovered after a bedstead has left 
o,,r hands, m-whieh-cuse we-a re-only too-^lad /«-i-emedy 
f/ie defect, and-thus show our earnest desire to-tuni out 
absolutely sound goods. Please indicate the faulty part 
and-we-will forward one ^o-replace it. ' 

Yours- respect fu lly, 



il 



S 



LESSON 28. 

THE DOUBLING PRINCIPLE. 

108. Curved consonants are doubled in lenirth to 
indicate the addition of tr, dr. or thr (heavy). 

thus L-..V^. laughter, .ZC. hmier, .L^ father, 
^^^^.. mother. (See paraf?raph 113). 

109. Straight consonants hooked finaUy, or which 
follow a»other .stroke, are doubled in length to indicate 
the^addition of /;• or dr; thus \^. painter. .J... temhr, 
• ''f'fffi'' - - captor. .:7r77;:r:Tz>. counter. 

110. The character ^ is doubled in length to express 
the addition of /•; thus \-^ pamper, .--s,. temper, 
■.l>rTs. chamber ; while the chanic-ter w is doubled in 
len^h to indicate the addition of /{■/• or gr ; thus 

"i>- xf<>''>'^i'>'> ■>■ longer. It is, however, ffenei-ally 

more convenient to use the si^s ^ and ^ in verbs, 
becau^t'^ey can 1^ i-eadily halved for the past tense;' 

^ •■ <-l<nnher, ^.,. rlamhered. .^.^rT. conquer, 

conquered. 

i/^; ^" ^^*"^ common words, where there is no 
likelihood of clashing, it is allowable to make a letter 
double leu^h to express the addition of -ture; thus 
\^Jeature, »es— <c. .signature. .\_^ . picture. 

112. Final tr, dr. or thr, wheu followed l)y a vowel, 
must be vritten, a id not indimted by donblincr; thus 

■^ •fi"*^^''^ ^"t V -fl^ff'-'-y- ■■^-^- finder, but 
cinder,, .- ?r<.^. signatr "c. but itrr.1;. .sig„a ory. 
117 



if 



1*1 



% I 



rji" 



ea TJ 'iig.-w 



IIR 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



113. The flouble-lenfjtli , when xfamlinff alnnp. 
or v/ith a circle only added, is reserved for the rejji-e- 

sentation of light mnnds ; thus .. : hU>-\ '^. alter; 

words like -^. leader, .C \, ladder, .f^.. leafier, tein^r 
written as here shown. Similarly. ./". sh. and m, are not 
doubled for the addition of dr, words like .Srn fodder. 

Y '<f'"(f<i('>'^ I madder, having the final syllable 

expressed by I 

114. When the pi-esent tense of a verb is written with 
the double-length principle, the past tense is written 
with the half-len^h principle; thus S...^... matter, 
.CJ.. mattered ; \.^^^^. ponder, ..^..pondered ; ^..canter. 

.i^.. eanfered ; .^.winter, ..(^..wintered, ...". loiter, 

A.... loitered. 

11.'). Double-length perpeiidieiilar strokes and straight 
slopiiig downstrokes have only the third position, through 
the line; thus J^.. pi under, \ .. splendor, ., J... tender, 
. ...j... asunder. Double-length horizontal letters take 
two positions only; thus .^Z^.. matter, .-^r:r:::>v. motor or 
meter; eanter, -j . counter. Other double- 
length lettei-8 may be written in any of the three 
p<^>8itions, in accordance with the niles governing the 
position of outlines. (See pars. 7, 13, and 18.) 

Exepcise 138. 

Mead, eopy, and transcribe. 




i tPtt, w-rv*^&m'^<m!ft*ifmamjii,^Bix!i>fLm T-\rrrtTff\ mmrn ■iTirnriTiiiiMr lannr 



THE DOtJBLING PRINCIPLE. 



iin 




Exercise 139. 

Wrife in Short ha n<f. 

1 . Mender, slander, slender, flonndei-s. })ordei-8, remainder. 

2. Calendai-. folders, fathers, knitters, flittei-s. 

3. Disastei-s, stimulator, littei-s. oyster-, liartei-s. 

4. Stami)er. stampers. tlinmi)er. moulder, orders. 

5. Banter, banters, grafter, rafters, printei-s. 

6. Elector, electors, protector, chaptei-s. numerator. 

7. Render, renders, rendered, blenders, pandered. 

8. Slaughtered, sweltei-ed. feather}-, pentiy, wondei-ed. 

Grammalogs and Contractions. 
spirit, a- scrrrt. ^ may not or amount, ...?!... han(/. 



'\ 



r 



»nder light, r Jet, .^.... art, ...?„. //«/-,/. 



"> n^onl, <y wait, <r yet, 
f^'^^ ironderfnl-ly. 



leant, <y went or won't. 



Exercise 140. 

Head, ropy, mid transrrilje. 



1 ... 



.a±D....X 



l~^ 



.... I 



...\ 



"V 



^ 



^ -/ 1... r.... 



■■^3....': „, ::. ^.....k-... • 



> 



■ I 



120 
3 .' 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

■'"V v,..y-....'-..,\.c..^.._^ ,^^ 



i-" 



o-< )-.l,..: |. 



fixepoise 141. 

If rife in Shorthand. 

1. ThejM<-ant to know n-hy he-vcnt to Atlantic-City ami 

sliowed ///* hand. 

2. ir-thisis-the spirit in-U'hirh.j/on speak- {oiihe) secret. 

It- iron t-1,e lon^ ere it-i.s-knmcn to alt. 
a. /-fear it-is-not your nature to he quiet; hut imlees 
yoH-are more pnident you-wiU yet have ^o-reiient 
some rash word. 

4. You-are wonderfully outspoken, and-r,ot a yard will 

/-move imtil I-see-you under-the care (of the) 
inspector. ' 

5. Xo. you-may-not vi.sit-///p art gallery. 

6. The light is too bad, and no amount ./entreaty will 

induce me to-let you go there to-^nj. 

7. M hat-i.s this wonderful secret I 

Phraskograms. 
116 Tlie doublinff principle is employed for the 
indication of the word there or their in phrases like the 
following: rrr.^. //•««„. ^/.e;-e/.. '^^^^ for their sake, 
hefore there is. 



• ai^.mm t^iim m j^^*ik'^' 



w 



IHE DOUBLIN.i PRINCIPLE. 

Exepoise 142. 

liecuf, copy, ana fransrribe. 



ll'l 




Exercise 143. 

,- _ , W/'ife in S/,ort/iantf. 

Mr. John Hendei-son. 

Nome. Alaska. 
Bear-Sir: 

odev-ae cyhnder holts fronH/^e factory heiore-fAere-is 

l7Z/r nfr ''''''^' ^"^ '^''^ machinery- fo-ron.e 
Ward. 1Fe-l-no>r.f/>er..is an extra nish ^/'-orde.-s 
JUS -now. f>uf->ve.fM:aere.i.-no likelihood of-nonr- 
-order l>emg delayed. 7/-//J.,..-/.V/.. lea^t indication 
'i^-such a thnf, we-wilf-see to-lt that less prPs.in- iol>s 
are put a^.de, so-that nothing shall hinder the finFshinK 
«/-y«^^/- gold mining machineiy /..y-/^^ promised date. 

rf/-y-truly-^oM/-*, 



■jm>% ^-.^--J--' -«Jir.-».-»^.i> i;^^ 



i^lP 



H , mgj 



LESSON 29. 

VOCALIZATION OF THE PL AND PB SERIES. 

117. To obtain a ^ood outline, the <louV>le eon- 
sonants of the pi and pr series may >« employed even 
thoiifjrh an accented vowel comes Ijetween the two 
consonants. If the intei-venin^' vowel is a dot vowel, it 
i« expressed by writing? a small circle before the con- 
sonant stroke for a long ro,ceJ, and after the conscmant 

stroke for a #//«>•/ rowel ; thus ..cf/ rareh-Ks. .'i-^.rhii'n- 

^2-. cheers, .L.. dark, ..P-^... German, .<r^.... (jirl. 



man. 



Where it is inconvenient to observe this nde. the circle 
may l)e written on either side, for either a lonj; or a 
shoi-t vowel. 

lis. An intei-veninj; dash vowel, or a diphthon^r, is 
oxpi-essed by writing; the vowel or diphthonjr sijni 

THROUGH the consonant stroke; thus .^r^^. Hallhnor, , 
...e_|.... sehnol, .ClT?]. . mixture. When, however, an 

initial or final hook or circle would interfere with tVie 
intei-section of the vowel-sifrn. the latter may be written 
at the BEGINNING of the consonant for a first place 
vowel or diphthong?, and at the END for a third-place 

vowel or diphthonj; ; thus Z^...{...eorpora1, ^A... r/iih/'x, 
.^i^TT^?.. Ji <i lira t ion. 

119. Monosyllables vocalized by these methods may 
be halved for t or d ; thus .x*:.. court, ^-s^.. schooled. 

Exepclse 144. 

JRead, copy, and transcribe. 



1 1 -^ 



-^. 



•^-Si- 



1 \'i 



x<».-X 



•J 

122 



PR 



mm 



VOCALIZATION OF " PL AND PR. 



123 



k). X 



4 

5 
6 



I 



-f 



^.-U?. 



^ 



J/\' 



^ ^ > ^ ^ , 



I 



. v,^.x 



Exepoise 145. 

Wt'iti It Sh<>rihan<f. 

Mr. Charles R?I<1. 
Oxf'onl. Mass. 

J-/i(trc-//o>ir-ia\or (ot the) 24th fn.<ff.. and-T-find that- 
-^/p-teiTus yoii proiK)8e arc. oii-thr whol**, reiisonalilo. 
Your calculation '//-profits. Intwcvcr. is palpal >ly wronj; 
in-oHf instance, ftx f/ou-irif/scf o« fiirther-oxamination. 
Ydii-wlII i-ecoUect f/urf-if-irl//-he-nei-eHHiiry J'"r-//'>i/ fo- 
-cultivate the trade in-i/our district, ^f^f former rrprr- 
nentdtire was culpably careless foHutrilx-fln- end of-liis 
en>;a)fement. and-the business will re<iuii*e n little nursintr 
fur (I time, /-am-i^ei't'ectly svrc. howercr. that n display 
t>f enerfO' ^V/ " sliari) man '>/" jiersuasive talents, mut a 
judicious distribution (of the) literatui-e T-mll send !i<>u. 
will soon encour.iK'e a return (of the) former extensive 
sales. Please rati here fy«-Thursday /o-si^n-///r at.T'^f ment- 

l'ow/'.v-tndy. 

Exepcise 146. 

Sead, copy, and transcribe. 




1 

if 



r. I 



H' 



4 




124 SHORT COURSE IS SHOETHAND. 






"^ I -.- .:f.-..'^^Ho. :..V 



..^^. 



V 



Contractions. 
frorersr,.siaJ, f Hrnnn.tanre, Ij eirrumstantlaK 



•V 



olO. 

2 L...L...1. 

3 .V..i...r 



Exepolse 147. 

Read, copy, and transerlhe. 
..J. 






/N.. 






.)....:...^ - 



■U. 






.^•■1~ ^ ^ 



r......!b^,. 



^ - ^■--■->^-p^..2 rn^^.V:... 



V";.. 



wT 



-,.v^. *:4^^if-i?\ * . '■■; .'^4-. 



■•'■!: ;f-"'.v5; 7F 



1» 



. 



"MV- 



12.-» 



VOCALIZATION oy " pL ' AND "PR." 

Exepoise 146. 

ff'n'le in .thorthatul. 

1. It-is espvrialh, important that->/oH-,hoi,ld deliver-the 
yvmls iniHudiatili/. 

^' ^^o%e?^*"^ '""^ prvjudivv ,,„ur chance8 <i/-furtJier 
3. Tlun-iH a HulMantiaJ increase in-thejinanriat ivtunis 

^' Z!'.SIT'^1'''' ^^^"tion »* essential, iJ\,,ou wndd 
secnre-t/ie business. 

5. T/u- nnsuhstantial nature (of the) cmmvrrial traveler's 

i-esources rendei-ed his ehauees hoi)ele88. 
«5. The cirrnnistances attendinK-///e vontroversy were far 
Jroin flattering tu-him. 

7. His i,,Jl,untia1 ijosition is lost. //<./«/{-.y /(,-/,/* iusune 

lominessy/y/- vuntrurersial dlseussion. 

8. Oh yes, the rircHni stances were noted intmediateh,, but 

they-were regarded as entirely iu,in/l,ienfia/. 

'^' ^-Zci^!:'"''^""'"'^ "^^^'^ ^""^ ^^^^ narrative proved its 

120. Any unimi>ortant word such as the, of, or, etc., 

niaybeomittedinaiihi-useogram; thus Jv^: for (the) 

sake (of), r more {or) less, ..|.... side {by) side, etc. It 

is well to vocalize him (so that it may not cla>jh with me) 
m such phrases as V ^^ before him, .>^...to him, etc. 

121. Judicious phrasing should lye carefully cultivated 
by the student, as a great aid both to si^eed and legibility • 
but he should guard against the temptation to join 
together words which are not naturally related to one 
another, or which, if joined, would result in an outline 
extending too far from the line of writing. For addi- 
tional practice in phraaeography, and for fmlher exercise 
m the reading of shorthand, the student i« i-pfem-l t<> 
'•The Phonogi-aphic Phrase Book," "Selections from 
Amencaii Authors," and "Self -Culture," particulars of 
which will be found in the list at the end of the present 
work. 



-I 



vm 



126 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

^^ Phraseoorams. 

^ I am directed tu .state, "^L^ I am instructed to 

*'"'^'' .T_^ ^ «'" requested tu state, t-W^ delirer 
immediatel If . 

Exepcise 149. 

Read, copy, and tratiscribe. 



^^^-^. ^ r^-X-K.. .:y, 



('■j-..y...: ..^ :^. A 267, ....rr^...<. .i". 

^...Iiw::....&.:...x^...._..X. I^ 

<o^...ri^fx ->^, 

r./>....;k: ..v....v..s,^ ^ .'L .^ .::....-f:, ./ 



V/>....a^: ..\^....s...s^ 



m^ 






r 



J 



>•- 




.,...^..X Iryfz. t 



Exepcise 150. 

Write in Shorthand, 
(a) Dear-Sir: fn-reiAy-to-f/our-\eti^r (o{ the) 16th inxt, 
/-aiii-(lireeted-^v-atate that-thrre-is-no such jtolicy holder 
on our IxKjks. I'er/, careful examination has-heen made, 
and-it-mu.st-l>e that i/onr clerk /'vr,* in eiTor. Hespectfulli/- 
- yours, 

(A) Gentlemen : /-amreciiiested ^/ask [f-you-ean dellrer- 
-imnmliately at our central de])ot in. Xew York, three 
nf-yonr No. 4 Bicycles, fitted with Coaster Biuke, a^y/ /,j 
ask. if-you-are unable to-deliivr al-once, upon what date 
you -could make delivery P 1o«/-a- truly, 



?^75?fV 



555/ 



.■■j&w^vij- j v^' ', ,!»aK«fi^-'a?fl 



LESSON 30. 

V AM^ V DIPHTHONGS. 
122. When w or ^ is followed by a 8im,>le vowel, a 
diphtKouff is formed, whieb is represented by a .scwi- 
r//r/e written in the m me position as the .simple mwcl ; 
thus 

LONG SOUNDS. SHORT SOUNDS. 



1. wah t;j T4,aw ^ah "- vaw i. ',vix c.,. ^r, y-^ ,, , y^ 

2. wa cj, a,G yh «p j6 2. wo p wii ^f J - _,.u 

3. we cl> w.TT, ve ulo v.m ,3. 7i'I c I d 7iM,r. jT .'> ycYo 
123. Theoretically, the semi-eircle is written heavy for 

a louK sound, and lijrht for a short sound ; J)iit in practice 
it is seldom necessary to obsei-ve this distinction. It will 
J-e seen that the sidks of the circle ? i-epresent the 
(I- diphthongs, while the lower and upjier halves ...r... 
i-epi-esent the y diphthongs. 

124. The following examples will indicate the use of the 

alcove signs: .l--. ^ouaiy, .^... railway ^ seaircat 

T' 

^. abattoir, ...rz^.... mi.sqnote, Cf famh's-ii.ol, 
:rt:. Lntiana. ...l?,... a-ssariafe, .^j^; i/earf//, .C. t/iwac/i; 
....Lj.._ tuvit//, .\ fwiiif/e, rr""^ memoir, ^.. pas,swor,/, 
..a|... ,Mf-woo</, .^r. seria/, ....C... a/ie>,, .:L. atheist, 
-y^^S^:.. rebellion. kl^JWio, k^. rarions. 

125. The ri,jhf semi-circle ...'.., u-aw or in,, may In- 
prefixed to a stroke consonant whe-o it is convenient • 

127 



ii 



■a^-S^'^ 



128 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

tlniH .*7r.. n'(ilk\ .J.... n-atcr, .../.- uuttr/icr, ...tT^^ washer. 



war. warn. 



12H. The left seuii-circle .J.... is prefixed to d( ..'iward 
/, and the riyht semi-circle is prefixed to k, (/, in and ntp, 
as an al^breviation for w; thus ../^„ William, ...iJ_.... wuke, 

...;L_i... win, -..y^... women, J^^. wampum. This abbre- 
viated w must «o/ l)e used when a vowel precedes the w. 
The stroke w must l>e written in words like ..</C7... awake, 
.i<^^... awoke, etc. 

Exercise 151. 

< 

Read, copy, and transcrihe. 







8 A. 



..p.. 






-^ 



v^ 



^^ 



9 
10 



X--. 

.\/rV-../'rr!s..<^X 

....^a..."^...r-%?....w. 

••-<!. ■^^■■- " ■ ^-^ ..>■-[-;• ■• 

■•■•"■"■■■'^-•^ "^ >\^ 

Exepoise 152. 

Write in S/iort/nnid. 

1. We-miisf wani-//«- workman *< -J A--make-C//r washera 

^ww tif^ht. 

2. A^k-t/iem to withhold t/te order until /-//t/rc-seen -V/*. 

Wakefield. 



RTSS'T^CSSSn!? 



t( --. 1« 



W" AND "Y* DIPHTHONGS. 121> 

3. Th,!,,r,<1 thrir lest to a«Hua^'e fhe pain. huHhc wuman-8 

weakness nipi.lly increased. 

4. Thcre-h-„o indliation ./or-//,. Austrian's uffem-e. ,n„h 

-after a brief i>eriod //, prison. lu-.'HI./ufn to nay //.r 
IH-nalty oJ-hi.s crime. 

5. HW,>y-sen.linK-//,. tapioea o,„Hfn- watennelons. 

hitl-we-/n,rv-uo stock of lime-water r^/-pi-esent 
(,. -^//-c.,^/- paper /.v marke.l n-lfl, onr s,nn„l water-mark. 

7. Ihv worker s watchword .■^/>o>,hl-tK- " E-xceklor " 

8. Ih t<H.k a piano. ., clarionet. ,, hanuonium. a melodeon 

a»rf « musical 1k)x. /,. «•/.//,- awiy //,,. tedium .f-hi.s exile." 

CONTKACTIONS. 
^ pasHcmjer. ^ ,ta>,i,er. t da„!,ero„.s. X ,tran- 

.U />-««*ry/yV. l-,^ lrcn>srr!ptio„. ^ /;v,,,.y/^;.. 
^P* transit re.ss, U tr,n,s,jrt'sslo„. '^ tnn,s>,nsslon. 
^ iouM. * vmlvrntoo,!, "^ Scptc,„l>cr, -<. . ,r/,r;/- 

Exepcise 163. 

Heaif, copy, and truntivrihc. 

■■^''^ • -i-.-'L^ ■) -A,,-— ^ .<s..« 

' k^-^ ■■>-.^-y-. -:..,-%^. 

'• )- :; \-^:^~:ii. 

-'*■ ;- ^ -3-. > ^ 

'^ ^'-:> > iX^.x 

9 S. C. 



A 



.ki 



^:^*fi'jvaF^msr' 



■".. »VI'I1<P- 






m 



130 SHORT COUKSB IN SHORTHAND. 

5 ..^...< L -...-">. ^...OS^. ^. ^.^x 

Exercise 154. 

II'/vVc /w Short lid nil. 

1. Ah1v-///<' jKisuctuj) f /(><-take « iii<s.siii<i<r irith him 

(iiitf-.send l)jK'k //(f transcript (of tlie) nut ii user ipt 
iiuiiicdiatvli/. 

2. The trdtisinissioH (ol* tlu>) trdiifrri/i/iim jToved ff //^'^yv 

(liiiKjvrou.s pipce f//-woik i han-ihc strano r i.i ixitni. 
3 Whciicrcr y/o//-write, aw*/ /r//r<<f/rr-^//r-iii!itt<'r iiuiif-lic. 

i/()i(-shoulil-1)i-(t1jlt-lij read <>;• I ntiiscrilir '-rerij ivonf 

't/'-'f- 
i. Y<iit-sl(nilil-ini(l(rst((iiil thiil-thrrc-is ilamjcr in trdns- 

(frcssiiiff (nil/ rule, amt-that-thv more accunito thr 

slioitluind iittti'. the more correct irill-he-the frm/scri/it. 

5. I-ini<fer.stnii(f fhat-the-traiisfer (of the) stock «vr.v-iiuule 

<if-f he-end '//-last Septeinher. 

6. Tf'h(ft-is-fhe nature (of the) traiis(jreK.siou irith-whieh- 

-the ines.senifer is charfieil ? 

Phraseograms. 

I reijard, ..: [.Ireijret, % I ilu not iimleisinnil , 

V'-x yo*^/' esleenuil J'aror, <K^ /<//« /w receipt of ijour 

esteemed faror, ^'\ '" >'<'pf// f^> //oi<r esteenwd J'aior. 

Exercise 155. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 

.-^ '■■•■.■0-- 

^V-^' v-.f --- 



£^^wF^jr 



T^ST 



'■.ff»^«"x f-%'. • 



.kfi^«./'<CMkVV ^^t!^Hb' ^wr.-: 



if 



"W" AND "y" DIPHTHONGS. 131 

V-^....L.1..V,...)J^^^^ H_^. 

V-'^ '^■■^••^■^-..W...^..y L.i,.- 

""'^ • j ^ -^^-vix ...~y . 

Exepcise 156. 

^r^/Vr in i^/toHliainf. 

The Manhuttan CliPiuic-al Works. 

Brooklyn. X 1' 
Octi lie turn .• 

///-i-ei)ly-/o-y/„v;--osteei.ie(l-fav( .r <!f->/rsf,r,hi ,/. tl„- 
reason «•//// ,rr retimuHl ii<m-thv Laiwi o/" /iiic snlfato 
u-as hrnnisc analysis showed flnit-i(-w,t.s-nnf c<,„„l l„-„n, 
suiuple, ami was, thnufurv. i,„itv useless t„ »s. Wv-,h,- 
-)tnt-,inihrslaml wlni il-was svul. since //r-presuuie >nm- 
-irrrc aware fhaf-sxxi-h a .jiiality u;„<hl-u,>t suit '.>«>• 
purpose r./-.^//. Please .vr//,/ //,y another hairel Immvdnitel,, 
a„d-hv eai-eful to .sec f/niNf-is (of the) ri^ht (luality. 

r(!-r^-truly-^ry/</-.v. 



!!| 



} 3 




LESSON 31. 

DISYLLABIC DIPHTHONGS. 

127. The followintf series of angular ehanu'tei-s. 
written in tlie same places its the loiin vowels, is em- 
ployed for the representation of disyllabic (or two 
syllable) diphthonjys : 

ith-X ►; aw-X ':'> 

d-i *i J-r ;•' 

e-i *! uu-i '.'' 

128. It will l>e noticed that the first three sipms point 
down mini, while the second thi-ee point iipworil. Thcoc 
si^is are used to express a lonn vowel followed by any 

itnavrenft'd short vowel; thus > .^.. >iof-J\i'i.sf, z'*:.!.. /tf'iti/, 

...^— howhr'il, .%=... Jlaw'y, ..:^..- Samo'a, ./Trr? ni'iii, 

-A-haii'onvl, -c—... dai/'ei/, .^.. real, ..y^f.... reinstate, 

.ur.^^arJr.. mnsv'inu, .\r^..draw'er, ..^>^. . No'ah, .?X.... Noel, 

.".Q.. oolite, ..-J.jew'el, ../.. Jcw'ish. 

\2\). Where a lon^' vowel is followed by an arrenfed 
shoi-t vowel, the .// series of diphthongs is employed, 

or separate vowel signs are wi-itten; thus ■>.!:.. yeology, 
!l{. thcut rival, .</.}: redlit)/, ::<... poetie, J^i^ re-elitjihle, 

ZT^:^. re-enter. 

130. Whei-e two long vowels, for which thei-e is no 
single sign, occur in succession, or where a diphthong is 
immediately followed ]>y a vowel, the separate vowel 
signs ai-e written; thus .. /*. ^thio, -.(-V^- Louisiana, 

.v.. Dewey, '^^^r\..hiographi/, .}<^... diamond. 
* ^ ^ 132 



"fiSl 



[■ 



DISYT^LABIC DIPHTHONGS. 



133 



Exercise 157. 

Heail. nip;/, and fraiiscrihe. 

'■\- ■^- V--V-^;-N "^■;;is 

"■ n <^- ^• 






\ 



4 r^ ^. 



C^. 



"k/^ 



5 ..^ .^. c-^ V.-'V^.-^-.y^.-.W 

Exepcise 158. 

JVrife ill SJiort/iaiid. 

1. 77/r deht /.v rei)ayal)le to-the piirvoyor /« weekly 

instalinenta. 

2. 77/r matter (of the) Gaiety Theater ix-ln-hr left in 

al)eyance. 

3. Kindly re-airang'e the terais and see tn-tlie re-insiirance 

(of the) theatrieal costunier's premises wUhmit delay. 

4. Ydui' theory «/' minute forms iiiit;i seem ^///-rijjht. hut 

in practice i/oii-iritf-tind a fi^eer style wifl (/ire i/oii 
l)etter results. 

5. T/ie l)e8towal of'-t/iese honoi's iipon-the principal (of 

the) college ai.d-hi.s cixidjiitor. Mr. Lewis Owen, has 
gireii (jreat- pleasure tii all-fhelr j)npils. 

6. The widower pei-sists iii-his denial (of the) cdiarpre qf 

stealing the Jewish la"ewer's jewehy, hut I-have an 
idea ///(// I-shall i)rove w// theoiy eon-ect. 

Contractions. 
^ lietter than, ^^^^ rather t hail, ^ rather or writer, 
N/V. perfiirm-ed, ^ ^^-^ performer, N/Vo perj'nrins- 
ance, /v refarm-ed . /V^r-- refonner, /^— - refonna- 
tiun, V. informed. ^V~- informer, ."^r;.. information, 
.Q... thankful, j<^.,thaiil's(firing. 



134 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Exercise 159. 

Read, cop!/, ok/ fninscrifir. 



A.L.s}^.x.^-—s. 



1 

2 
3 
4./ 



Q^. 




> -N- 



Phraseoorams. 

Ihat'^ fo hifonn i/on .%.. pledne inform us, 



.V-... please nuoU- us, -%^ — phase let me Ivow. ."v^ -■ please 



please fur irard. 



let IIS kiiiiw, %^-- please note. 



Exepcise 160. 

Write ill Sharfhaiid. . 

1. J-hare-tn-inform-you tlutt-the r«:-ix;rt will ijo foi-warcl 

hjl-wxA /O-UIOITOW. 

2. Please-q«ote-/f.v for .").")")(> eoijics /// typewi'itten fac- 

simile (of the) enclosed circular. 

3. Pleiise-/p/->«r liiow //'cotkm is lieing heltl bac-k in-iiour 

locality. 



y,.J-i.* i*?' 



i"»r^,^j&-"»:;'i.^t^-' 



RHr?nfBap«?— w 



D'SYM.ABIC PIPHTHONOS. 



135 



4. P\t':\>,*--/r/-iis-iuii>li' ir/tfii //,jii-r(i)i i/clirtr-HK fit'iy l.ill(M 

'.'/"rotton. ir/iif/,-(n; still tliie. 
•'). Pl<':i8e-n()te-///r// halo Xo. \1 is.),<> hH(ef-lh<>»-ll,r ivst. 
<). Plciiso-foi-wiird itHtiicilidtdif ;j(» pieccH X<i. S."> Print. 

Exercise 161. 

Write 'ni S/iorlhantL 
^^l'. Will. Biyoii. 

Milton. M:i.s.s. 
A'ffr-8ir : 

y//-n>i)lj-/'rw/'""'-fHtf'«'n)e<l-fiiV()r {:,i tlip) Htli. I-havr- 
-f<,-it,f„ni)-i/u„ fl„i(-l/>( sale (of tho) proiHr-rty ivfen-f.l t„ 
takes-i.lace o))-(f,f 2()th l„sf. If-i/mi (Ifsii-o furthei- 
-l>arti<ulars ///-a(l.lition-('r;-///o..r ,,in„ i,t-thr c-atalot> 
eiu-lo.st'd. I-sha'i1-h<-)r\.,^A tu furnish titon. Please-noto 
lli(il-IIiny-l.s-i,o pre ent-intontion nf (]i.si>o.,iii«,' (,,f the) 
liotel ,m Ninth Avenue. I-r,ni, humrcr. l„f„n,i->/<,i, of- 
-some rcr/z-i/oo,/ hotel i)roi)erty //7//r//-/.v ./v/-sale, if-//»ii 
rttn- to si)eculat« ///-///<</-(liivction. 

i iiiirs-rcri/ irwXy. 



i' 



Tfe 



._. :M'f.j-y--.:^.fr'. 




LESSON 32. 

REVIEW. 

131. (a) Lisrht lettei-s iii-e halved for / ,• heavy letters for 
if; but a letter which is .//«^///// hooked, or whieh 
occm*8 in a word of more than one xjiUallv, uiay lie 
halved for iifher t or (/. 

{h) The four letters ^^ -^ r' ~\ may 1« /W//m/ 
and thickened for the addition of i1 . 

(e) When a vowel intervenes l>etween 1-ii or r-d, these 
letters must l>e written in full. 

{il) Final / or //. followed l>y a sounded vowel, must lie 
written in full. 

{e) Half-sized / or (/, iunuediately following' the letter 
t or il. is always ilisjoini'd. 

if) Half -sized c^ [ o^ ] is written as a contraetion for 
■iiri/, and .£' for i/iinf. 

iff I T'^d halving princ-iiile is used in phrasing to .ndicate 
the word not or it. 

ih) The syllahle tr. dr. or th/- (and sometiniv-s tiirc). is 
expi-essed liy doublinj^' the Icnpth of the pi-erediuf? 
stroke. 

(/■) The character .^^ is doubled in len^h for the 

addition of >• ; while -^ is douliled for the 
addition of kf or ///•. 

(./ ) The doul>linK principle is used in phi-asint; to indi- 
cate the ad lition of the word there or their. 

il.) A dot vowel may lie indi* ated lietween a stroke and 
an initiiit hook liy WTitinj; a small rirele before or 
after the stroke. 

(/) A dash vowel may lie indicated lietween a stroke 
and an initial hook by intersevtinij the vowel sijjn. 
or. where tliis is not convenient, by writing the 
vowel si^Ti at the heijinnimj or end of the stroke. 

im) The ii- and .// diphthonfrs are e.xpi-esr.ed by a yniall 
semi-circle. 

in) The abbreviated ir may l>e prefixed to downmird 1. 

— ^-^ /"-V 

io) The anfndar siyiis ..*:. i... are employed to 

expi-esa a loni,' v,i,vel followed by a short iin- 
aviented vowel. 

136 



3?fr 



-^xmM-L.imK3 ' s.Vs^^ ' \Ur2MA'.i.^lX^ 



RKVIKW. 



137 



2 ... 



Exercise 162. 

Riad, roiH/, and tntuscnhc. 
\ — o • Sw ,r~s, 




.>....). 

-V. 



3 ...:^....;^::i^:..) ^._..^_^ 

4.^^...^....i:..^.^r^....r1.....L..^...^.x 

x^ ^■■■h^^^zi: 

^(••P- ^ ^-^...-^.. o....^....C..^... 

^■S- ^ V- i^..-y-- 

io^> t .v^...^....>|...: 

Exepclse 168. 

Write in Shorthand. 

3. J-hoi^.,,„„.are c,t-aU-thnes7ri//in!, to-do j/onrhe^tfor- 
-the welfare (of the) honse ,rhirh-,/on rv'pnxent. 

^' Jl'-^tvV '''''' '■'^"''^'"' '"U^roremvnt in-,,onr uiethotls 

5. I-musta^V-i/ou to he prei,ared,for-ihere-i., snre to U a 

strict inquiry. 

6. T^am-directed to a&k-,/ou to attend here at seven 

o Clock r//?.v-eveniner. 

7. Pleaae-note that-j,o„-are to-delirer-immediately the 

iioods named /«-«/.y-letter of->,esterdai/ 

8. l'.>^.r-e8tee,„ed-favor (of the) 4th /.v to hand, and-l-am- 

-mnch-oh\\^^d. 



> 



LESSON 33. 

PREFIXES. 

132. (',„!- or com-, wlien it is tlie first sound in a wonl. 
is oxprcsHed by a //;//// il„t, written at the fouimeni-euient 
of tlio outline; thus S.. conspire^ .■^.. mmmt;,,;-. 
..C... r„„s„h' j... ri,»,m!t. Wliere the mi,- dot is em- 
ployed, it should W. the Jir.sf sii/n irrifht, in the word. 

VM. When the iyllul)le roi/-. r<„)i-. nnit-. or ror/-. occm-s 
l>etween two consonants, it is indicated l.y writ inj; tlie 
sec^ond consoniint rh,sc to or innh-,' the' first; thus 

..J:., inronstant, . .Ll... >f;.sro,n,rrM. .ZX- rrrowpriK.r, 
...y>- h,r„,uh«„f, -^-r-^y... rcr„(,„iz('. The nde nuiy also l>e 
applied to idn-ases; thus ._/3^_, ,,„„ wilf r„m,,I>/, 
.J... I (1,11 roi,t,„t, ■■^>^. / shall hr .-.nnpillnl. 

ioi. I,il(i--, i„f,;,- or chlei'- is expressed ],y ^ ;,/ 
joined or disjoined, as may Ije convenient ; tlnis 
...--\^. i„tcrfe,'f>, r-J^.Jiitei'lliH'. .^. int,u„h,rr. -K_^,.i„t,„- 
spc-tion, ..Jv enlfi'lnhi, :^ lutirpris, . 

13"). Magna-, maijui- or n,a(t„<- is exj)i-essed 1>y a dis- 
joined -■, tlnis '3r^.. »ia<f„(i„iii„„is. 'V ,„„u,,i- 

Jirccc. b niiKJIKtlZC. 

130. Self IS expivssed by a disjoined circle s: thus 
■■^■■self-,w.s.sess(;l. : L?... ><.lf-,hfn,sc. ..aZ. srlf-vo,isr!o„s. 

137. Befoi-e the circled letters "N 1 ,^ .j-- / 
in- is expressed by a small hook, written in the xa,ne 

Jii'oriiu,, a_slhe circle ; thus J^ki.. in.y,i,uitio„. .I_i i„. 

stnu'tor, .._X._ i„srnl,e. ^:>; i„/,al,;f, ? in/„„na„. 

1.3S 






MtKKIXKS. 



\iU 



m. Exr,^A intl,owur.l /:„././//,,/.,„; an.l its ,Wiv:,- 
tives. tlie Hiuall I..K,k f.,r /,. ^am.ot safolv I.0 „„p,1 „, 
negative wonls.tln.t in in wor.ls whei-o //; j.as tl,o sitnii- 
ficati..n ,.f ../. It i« allowP.l i„ l^^ l,,,,„„.. n.is c-ann..t 
»H> mistaken f.r ..^l Z....... In other ca^es. /. is 

expi-ense.! ).y -_ ; thus .-rr^X. inhuspU^hh, ^ ^ ^ I.- 

l:«». Nefrative words whidi J^^fin with //-. h,,- in- or 
">/-.are .li8tinirui.she<l from the iH.sitive hv rejK.atintr the 
fii-st eonsonantj^thus ./^. h-.iihh; r:^ rll,,,;!,!,- 



^ 



mitrtdl. 



I til III 



iio.rioii.s 



oHiil ; l.'-J iiu.rioiiy. ^~:Zy n,. 
iiiikiKiini. Nej.'iitivc 



. -v^.... k-iii)ini, .j^-^ 

wor.ls .•o.MiMen.intr with //- „'uiy treneraliy l,e .li.sti„- 

jruished without rejK^atinj; the >■ .- thus ..> rrs„h.fc. 

.Yv i,'r,sul„t,: But it is 8ometii..,.s ne,...ssaiT t<i 

i^I>eat the consoniuit ; thus | ^. . rvl,,:,,,!,},. 

i— n'i'ciU-vniiihJc. 

Exercise 164. 



<; 



Hcdil, citji//, „„,f ti'inixi-r'ihf 



-^...^.\-^ .J. 




^- 



1: 



imtafMilm 



140 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

^...'fe-|.,.....r...:...;...^v^,:4 ^_kjc:^ 



•1- 



y. 



- "J — y.. 

.,...A /)./"- iJ 

( > J.. 






10 



-^ 



.-A^-...i..; 



-i- 



'..-.^..1 



Exercise 166. 

Write hi Shorthand. 

1. /-am conscious //..,/ ,y.„,. niiBconduct may cause con- 

sidemble confiision. 

2. If-you-can introduce « competent entertainer. I-will 

mstruct the committee to pay him well 

3. Z'^V/^"/- magnificent self-esteem ../«,, for^et-^/.. ma^i- 

tude oj-i/oiir self-imix»8ed task. 

4. If-the instnictor desti-oys the instruments, he-ma„ 

cause in-epaml)le mischief. 

5. /am convinced ///r/^,«y intei-position Av necessarj- ^,. 

-remove-^//p misconception. 

6. I-shall contrive ^o he present r,/ ///e company's meet- 

ing /o-morrow. 

Contractions. 

^ prqfivient-o,/-J>,, [^ <fr/ieie,,t-r,,./,/, ^U efjlrient- 

-rj,-!,, '-XU i„effirlent-r,,-h,^ O ,v,(}ioin,f-r,H>/, 

^^'^ in^iM-ient-ey-hf. \^ oh^ervatio,.. V ;>.,..; va- 

tion, ^P iiironsistent. J inronsistenr,,. ^ i„con- 

suferafe, J self},h-vess, V „,>sefj}sh-»e.^.,. 



PEEFIXE8. 

Exepclse 166. 

Read, cupij, and transcribe. 

1 ^.....^ V^. wv.....^... U 

r. rv^ ^ _, 

^ -^T) X 

2 L...6 S ^...V / ^. 

-:^. ^^^ ,« 



141 



<! 



4 . 



c^...w....i....c:...-. 

-^ ^ ^ ^-.z 




v*^ 



Exepolse 167. 

Write in Shorthand. 

"/'-test ^^e effinenv,, of. ever,, tea*;her A,/ exauunatir,r, 
.«-///« «« i«.i^./.„/ person .v,« find /pfii "''*''*"• 
.1. i//e tests arc severe enoujfh /«-prove «-/ic///^>. „ „,..„ • 
i^r«/i...«^ or d^eient in-hi,-kLtJedge "'''" '* 

4. Our proficiency tests tfA-e-Z/zp result o/'-loTicr „.„ ^• 
okservation and trial. ^ ^^ •^'^'"■"' '^ 

We-have-uu seljl^h end /«-view, ««r only ohject Wm^ 
_the preservation of a hij,h standard iltVe-ZklX'^ 

J-«-W// acHo,vied^:^he1:Z: ;„:;, ^w'S' 



0. 



(5. 



I 'I 



142 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Phraseograms. 

Y 1 earl 11 consideration, J^./urt/wr consideration, 

-^ f'ft/ier considered, U^ taie {taken) into 

consideration, \ shall be taken into consideration, 

v^ as soon as conrenient, ^.^ in consequence, 

V and the contrary, ]/ on the contrary, 

.>^. to the contt^ary, \ ^^ at your early convenience, 

^-^ Ucneral manaijcr, ^:fZ. incorporated. 

Tlu> prefix con- may he omitted in any phrase similar 
to the foregoing. 

Exepcise 168. 

Sead, copy, and transcribe. 

4^--^% 1 4« K- 

..v>r.....:k.,...."^~ < ^ 




:^... 



..'L...^.....\>r:\,x W....v^.;. 



:\r:.. 



.<^. U >^, 



n 



143 



PREFIXES. 

Exepcise 169. 

Wn'fe in Short hand. 
The Downes 4' Plewes, Co., Inc.. 
Coii^Tess St., Brooklyn, X.Y. 

Gentlemen : 

On further-consideration /-//.,r^-deci(led ^.-accent 

■^f'jat to possession J^mj. ^fren b,y-the 1st SrjXrm/,,,. 
Perhaps ,/.«„./// ,„>, early -consideration A.;;; 
possxb,hty ,Mh>s }.ln, an.„,.ed. ../ let me Ho,r ,Z 
decision a.s-soon-«.-convenient. /-ain-ol ■•>ed /. stipulate 
mCsent r '"" "---equence ./-having A> v Jte t 
in-^ent vroun.es y-t/>e date named. /-,;,«.v^ ^sk-J 
/.-take-into-consideration also //.. fact that r-shali-he- 
-obliged /.-make .v....,,/ alterations hoi.re-the premises 
..c exactly suitable ./..-...-requirements. Yon ..i>iZ 
to-th,uk-me new A.-//,/,v business, whei-ea«. ««-//.e-conti.-v- 
/-/^..c-/... enjra^ed /.-// for-the-X-^si ten ,..,;' 
Tiustmg /.-receive a reply .//-../...-early-convenience, 

i w/'-y-sincerely. 



.■'I 



"tl 



M 



■fl 



LESSON 34. 

SUFFIXES. 

140. The 8iiffix-/«// is generally exiiressed by the stroke 
^ , and -iii{/s by >^ ; thus ..!^a^.. phirliH/, 

.)^^i^..../'<icin(/s, ... .a^f... <jnc>ss'ituj, ...^-a_?... meanlnns ; but 
when the stroke is not convenient, -imj is expressed by a 
light dot, and -ings by a light dash ; thus -:;^- shippiny, 

..%^-plaUng, jc^L..wacing, ..^..toinnings, ..^Js^Lengrarings. 

141. The endings -aliti/, -iliti/, -arity, etc., are indi- 
cated by dix joining the stroke preceding the ending; 
thus ..^. Jinaliti/, .(^ durahility, .^y^. inntahility, 

/S^/7.. popularity, /Cy.C.. regularity, ..„/... majority, 
...St?, minorities. 

142. The suffix -ment is expressed by >- ent, when the 
sign ^ will not join easily; thus .?r^ consignment, 
.!:sia-r... commencement, ..J^.... resentment, ^^^.. pavement, 
/S^.... refinement; but ^ is written in words like 
./>X-,.. elopement, ...[^ commitment, .„^_ enjoyment. 
.Jrrrrk.. agreement, .^. concealment, ...k.... detriment. 

143. Tlie suffix -mental or -mentality is expressed by 
disjoined ^ mnt; thns..^i^..fundamental, .1.... detrimental, 
...'fl^.. regimental, ..lo... instrumentality. 

144. The suffix -/y is generally expressed by r~ 
joined or disjoined, as may be convenient ; thus 
...fb. sweetly, ..^/T. friendly, .^S]*..... ahsoluteli/, 

confidently. The / hook may sometimes be used 
144 



SUFFIXES. 145 

in words enfling in -hj ; thus 
....qL. actively. 



.<V... hniflji, 1... dvfply. 



145. The suffix -Mp is expressed l.y J , joined or 
disjoined, aa may }« convenient; thus .^.. citizen.u'ap, 
■ J., hardship, ^:::i_j rlcrkslilp. "^ 

146. The terminations -f„hu;s and -le.s.s>u,s aie 
expressed resijectively l.y disjoined '^ f, and /^ /.v ,- i)i 
thus ...)_ usefulness, _)^. ,,.sYy...v.sy,.-.v.v. /CV^ lawful >nsl. 

-/.... IdU'lessHess. 

Exepcise 170. 

JPe-flrr/, roy>y. f,;,,/ Iranst-rihe. 

■^ I...:. .N^ .vc. .x^ 

^ -'"..'^[..l.^.. I,...., -^. ...r:.. 

3 -^ ]p^...^ -^-|-.^^.....^....C..-^ 

4 6^^^^ ^'— ^"5) "-=-1 

' ''^« i/i ^4'^|. 

. Q w A. ...^ 



^r 



i 



^ -^. 



-^ 



.'N. 



jy- 



L 



^;:—^-^ \.^ -^ ^-^-w ^ 

W 5-. f 






IWi SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAXD. 

Exercise 171. 

Write in S/ii)rt/i<iii(/. 

1. Rei)lyin<r fo-//(tiit-\etter oj'- //est en/ a//, wc-arc an".uij;inK 

to-iov\rAri\-t he coupliiifrs and connectiiiK rods hif- 
-express ^///.v-eveiiinfr. 

2. In-YG\i\y-ti)-!/i)iir-i-A,\oY. ire iri>iil</-Hiiy t/i<tt-t/t (-majority 

(of the) desi^s are iranfintj in orig^imility and 
atti-actabilJty, and-nr-i(}iiv theif-irill-not attain a 
popularity snjfirient to vairant ns in stofkiujr them. 

3. Candidly upeukinij, we-think--tJiv patterns are l>adly 

desiffned, and-thuunh-it-is distantly jiossible tliat- 
-theii-nuiji sell veil, we-tliink-ive shonldAyQ ac'tiug 
iniprudent^y if -we l>oufrlit them. 

4. Please-note ///<f('-///r-present order came throuyh-the 

instruiuentality uf l//'.-Sniitli. (ind-i.s supplemental 
tii-the one n-c received i/ister:t<fi/. 

5. The delay (of the) sehenie and-the ahandonnient 

(of the) Jirst proi)osal cauaed (/lerd i-esentnient. 

6. The inspe-.-toi'ship (of the) inci)ri>or((trd district iras- 

■yiren to-him in ccmbideratiou of-his yreat ;;l.iility. 

Contractions. 
V. never, ^Wl nevertheless, r notwithstanding, 
r cnlarye, 4^ enlaryeJ, \. prohahJe-hi-ity, 
\ — praetiee-d-al-hf, '^ — r practieahle, yi friendship, 

^N> imjterfect-ion, k> satisfaetion, S^ satisfactort/ 
i^ unsatisfactori/. 

Exepclse 172. 

Read, copy, and transerihe. 

/^...^...NC/!...^... I : .^..-± 

^^....L L.:^..\^...iy.;....^....r::^.....v..: 

rC..sr^..c.,^.^.Lk.r-'<^. .L.^....X_ 



-JwX TM; 2; r.--i.? ' "W^HF 



SUFFIXES. 



147 



L:rX^. .^...J L...X..^...V^-s :^ 

^■-^•-.-W --^■■■^^ - 




e/'...*. 

Exepcise 173. 

TVrite in SliurthanJ. 

Mr. Georjro Manning, 

St. Paul. Minn. 
Dear-Sir : 

In-rei>\y-fo-f/oiir-{iiyor of-t/esterdai/. we n'otdJ-saj 
that-H'c-nerer hesitate /a-i-eplace a machine which di>e8-w(</ 
give (complete satiKf action. Xii crlhcf c.s.s; where practicubh 
?rc-like to asaiire vursclres ihat-thi -inijxrj'ection was 
present when-the-unicl 'ne left our hand-i. As a i-ule. 
this-is veri/ improhahle. ticca ii.se -wc-iiike erert/ care to 
insure an absence of imperfection in evert/ niiichine 
xent-oiit. Jrc-tf rr-satisfied. however, that in-the-iirenent- 
-instance. nofwith.stan(liny oi<r care, there-has-lieen an 
ovei-siyht. pro1)al>lif on-the-imvt of-one (of the) new hanils 
en^fajjed since- ?w entanjeil our works, a nil-we-.iha//-t/e-f!:\-M\ 
iJ'-//oi/-witl retnm-the nnsatisj'actor// niadiine at-oiir cost. 
It-is practical} y impossHAe that-^\vA\ an eiTor shoiild-he 
committed again. It-is satisfactory to us to know that- 
you-wilJ-not iK?rmit this accident to inteiiere with yi>ii>' 
friendship for our tiiin. We flatter ourselves thut-you- 
-i-ecognize us as practical men. who-have always practised 
straightforward Inisiness methcjds. Respectfully-yours, 



M 



148 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



Phraseoorams. 



>:_j I have concluded, <<^"^ satisfitrturi/ conclusion, 
dr~^ unxatis/'acton/ ronchmion, ...o,... under the circum- 
stances, a^ }>est of my ability, o\ best of our ahility, 
Vvv best (f your ability, '^v best of their ability. 



1 
2 
3..\ 

4 



Exepcise 174. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 



ir^..x 



v.."... 

..^. y ..:..^^..fc?. 

a^^.Vv..:^-...:sL^-^-..: -rsJk-^.. 



•:.^- 



6 ^...<|^...>...V\ .^^^ 



^ 



v^ 



vt. 



.>r:\..w...Z...'....vtjc:\. 



Exepoise 176. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. -Z-am confident ///or^ uuder-the-ci rcumstances you-will 

reconsider your decision, and-tvill accept-^^e ctm- 
signment. 

2. Ifariutj considered all-the circumstances, I-hare-con- 

cluded (o-f/ice yuu-the agency, and-I-\\oye-you-wil I 
exert yoiii-self to-the hesi-of -you r-ohiWty to-nvAVe-it 
profitable to }x)th of us. 

3. TfV-retrret <o-report that-the negotiations have come 

to an unsatisfactory-conclnsion. 

4. TfV-a88iire-//oM that-the business shall-be looked after 

to-the best-«/-o«r-ability, and-that-xce-slall spare no 
pains <w-bring-^//t'-matter to a satisfa4'tory-CAm.v\\\svor\.. 



wmm 



LESSON 35. 

OMISSION OF CONSONANTS. 

147. In order to obtain more facile outlines, certain 
medial consonants may be omitted, as follows : 

Ui) /M Kit ween m and t, or between m and s/i ; thus 
...:.C prompt, ...r... .stamped, .Arz>.. redeinptioti, 
— JO. . 2'i'^>>u>nptiun. 

{h) T I Hitween the circle s and another consonant ; thus 
■^. postaije, ^_. postiif/e stamp, "^^^xf^. postpone, 

...i^ys-i.. test i many. 
(f) A' or // between «</ and / or *•// ; thus (l,- adjii net, 



^. - 



conjunction, ..9^. anxious, ^.. sanction. 



Exepcise 176. 

Head, copy, and tra,..^ . tot. 

1 o...^^.r. .._...! r....l^.. :..../: 

..5::^...^ .^x 

V^^.l..7<^ .\..K.x 



* ^ H .r-^.^., "x... .^■'^ ) 

^ ^« 



Hi 

r *'T 



149 




160 8HOKT COUK8E IN SHORTHAND. 

^...v..J.....-^...rrr' ^ yr^^Jx 

6 ^, k7C...:r'._^ ^....-s.±-:^..A, 

Exercise 177. 

Write in Sli'irthand. 

^fr. Charles Waitier, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
iMn-Sh- : „. . -, 

Yoxr-iiivor (of the) 4th !s at hand. Up-consider 
Banies' offer almost a i)re8umi)tion. -^/-«w//-nite, it-is-no 
temptation to ns ^^-sell, a ml -ire- have pi-oniptly dei^lined //. 
Please it m- the strongest efforts to secin-e Anderson's 
order. You-can proiuine punctual dctireri/ in a week's- 
-time. llic market hei-e ifi rer;/ i-estless. and husiness is 
lan^fuishinfT /«-fon8e4aenc-e. irc-note i/onr i-tinarkx al>out- 
-thc sacks, and-wi/I attend /(>-if//^'-matter ini: 'iateli/. 

Yoitrs-tnil- 

Contractions. 

^^. mistul-c, C^. mistaken. l-w- donnstir, 
T~Z.. rliaractcr, T~^. cliantcteriatir. t— dcsn-iptioit. 

i ,jvnv>'aV,zation. "^ organize-d, ^ onjanization. 
""L ('.rtin<juish-v<\ If^ distin(/ri.s/,-(d. <^ rvJimiuixh-ed. 
~V roiTnanf, ~V i/onrn-cd-nwnt, CT. niatjuel-iv-inni. 
'->__ y 'jazinc. 

Exercise 178. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 



.<....::^ u^-.^..--<-..^ ■-'^ 



-■^:- 



V' 



OMISSION OF CONSONANTS. 



151 




:\J:. ::^ 



6 



^.-. 



.3. 
< 



Xiy 







:<Z'. 



":t 

Exercise 179. 

Jfrite in Shi>rtli<in(I. 

1. TF<"-i'e)»Tet-///f' mistake in forwarding,' //'>/r (t ihscriptinn 

(of the) wron^f cloth, and-vc-harv deHpat^^ht'd a 
speriid incsse/if/cr irlf/i-t/ie correct detailH. 

2. Tfi" i"ead iu-the new uuKjazinc that-the-tjorcrHnHiit /hik 

rr/ini/iiis/ied-f/ic claim fo control i/tc ilomestic policy 
(of the) rider. 

;{. The distinguished HlK'itker in-his ijeneralization KUinnied 
up-tlie character (of the) ortjanization irith character- 
istic ability, thou(fh-wc-think he-was mistaken in-his 
condemnation (of the) i-ecently siyiied corenant. 

4. We-hure ur(fanized a new system f>/'-collection ichich- 
-we-hope will reduce, ij'-it-does-not entirely e-rtintjuish, 
the losses on returns. 

.'j. A niaynet is a lx»dy whi-h-has-the proijerty of 
attracting' iron and other may net ic bodies. 

6. The science of matjnttism has-heen studied for-vaaixy 
centuries. 



I 



If'' 



152 



t_ t/i 



ri'<;'?T CC.UK8E IN SHOKTHAND. 

Phbaskogkams. 
it.-iilf, J^ f'ltgt nrcirt'i/, C. fast week. 



m i"ti 



iieu 



t week. C V lust inuiith. 







"^^xrr- '0 180. 
h'c' '. '■< ,. , and traiisvribc. 

...... ..::!>?:r.x y. ..c/.<^. 

\..^...a:.%^ CI... l..c/_....i^.._ 

?■ ^-^ ..^....^^— u^. 1^ .^, ..-\.., 

u^..<^...5t...\:^. p'...<i...::...-s./^ c/T 

'......);....:Sv..D..._^r^ . 



jLox -V^ 



Exepcise 181. 

JVrlte ! > aiiufthand. 

Mr. S. Webl.. 

New Orleans, La. 
JDe«/'-Sir ; 

Tr7'-^rtrf-j list-received a cable liiformiiig its that-the- 

-goods .yow-wi'ote about last-week havc-heen shipixjd and 

may-he expected hei"e at-the-endi. of weuY-week. La«t- 

month'g sales, /7 -appears, wei-e tiniisuallt/ lieavy, and-there- 

-was a little delay in obtaining exactly the material 

required. Our corresiondents inform vs also t/uit-it-'s 

just-iKJSsible t/iat-prices will rise, and-that iristrnrtions 

must-he-seut immediate/// if-they are to foi^wai'd a further 

supply j'^-iJi-esciit rates. 

Yours truly, 



LESSON 36. 

FIGURES. 

148. Fijriires (K-ciin-iu^r iii JmsineKs lettern. et*-., are i<est 
repivsentetl l.y tlieonliuiu-j- Aral>k- iiuuieralK. on iM'«ouiit 
of the jxieut <liHtiMrtiveiie«B of the sijniM; hut loiiiul 
niiuil>*'r8 and duUar* may he expi-eBsed J>y iihIiil' the 
shoi-thiuid lettei-s. a« follows : 

^-^ for hnmh'vd or hun'lntlth ,• thiiH 4 

( for t/iot(.san(/ : thus 5( , :>.VW: 

I 

/-^ for itiiHidU : thus V-- ,4.ai(».()(X> ; 4--^- .40() (AU.VA O. 

\ i'liv hi ffin/i : thus 2\ , two hilt innx. 
l}>illnrs anil f(/,7v luiiy he written thus 7'^ ^^7.1(). 



■'-I- 



. 4<;o. 



Exepclse 182. 

Tf'ritf hi Shorthand. 

The Shah I'f Pernia owns a jjearl vhii li-ln vstlinnl at 
$65(MX)0. und-tlie Pojie /*• said tu-hv-Hu liosHewwor ••t'-inic 
worth $8C).()(H). Queen Victoria had a nerklate "/ i-iiilc 
l^eai-ls v'hirh-icas woith ?8(».0(X); hut-thc Lulies (of tht i 
Rothschild family jiossess pearls ,7/ far jrreatei' value 
Baroness Rothschild han a pearl nei-klace vuliud al 
•200,000. 

The cotton marketed since Sej>temh( r 1 exceeds 12^ 
million bales. Tht actual production cutmot-han-hceu 
far nhoi'f of 14.000,000 Itales. Sjiinners' takin^js J'rom 
/September 1 to June 2 am<junted to J(),2«W.0(H), oj -wtiivli 
2,514.000 were British. 3.815.000 Continental, etc., and 
3,94O,0tK) American aitd Canadian. Jt-is computed thuf- 
-^Ae-present supply, visible and invisilde, amovnts to 

153 



mm 



154 



SHOKT COUR8£ IN SHOETHAND. 



m 



6,768,(X)0 bales. T/ic prospects for tiest i/car ai)i)ejir to he 
anywhere between 11,000,000 and 14,000,000 bales, hut 
it-is-iinpossihle to predict more closely than t/iis. 

We-hare-t/oiir check ybr $115.25, ii'/iirh-wc-iiarc-iAaced 
to-i/oiir-credit. Please-note-ZZ/a/ since-^v last wrote-.y^w 
t/ie price of steel /las advanced 81.25 i)er Um. Our price 
l»er ^'oss if shai-peners /*-now $18, f.o.b. New Orleans 
or Boston. 

Exepoise 183. 

Write in Shorthand. 
yfr. C. N. Pitt,, 

Louisville, Ky. 
Dear-ts'iY : 

We shoiild-hc-iileased ^o-purcha«e the return or orer 
issue copies (f-i/oiir mayazine and pamphlet pithliration 
as waste paijer. We-send men to 1)af; it up and take-/7 
away and-ivc pay prouii>t cash. We also jfiiarantee that- 
-earh and creri/ copy received shall go to-our paper mill 
and-he destroyed. 

//■ printed on i-ag paper we- will pay i/ou 60 cents 
l)er 100 lbs. When i/oa hare an accumulation >f l,tKf0 
lbs. or over, if-t/oii-will advise us hy telephone o*' mail, 
tt'e-jfv7/-/>ie-pleased tu-send for-it. 

This quotation is suhject to change without notice. 

J 'cr //-truly -i/o u rs. 



Exepoise 184. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. S. A. Walker, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Dear-^\Y : 

TfV-enclose our check for 17.50 vhich-will-he accepted 
in part payment (f anif suit or overcoat punduiHed at-onr 
wardrolies, 290 or 314 Main Sti-eet, before S(;<tetnher 25th. 



F1QUKK8. 



155 



At-this season (of the) ijcur to disiwse of -our surplus 
stock ci)i(l-us an additional inducement tn-ifou to-tv»tfhe 
convenience and-charmter of " Semi-reiMly " tailoring, 
/i-e-make this sincere and genuine offer. 

"Semi-ready" means suits ready to-tri/ on. finished to 
order, no ugly misfits, no delays. Onr system is- not 
an exi)erinient, as-in five >/ears wc-hare cstahlished and- 
-now oi)ei-ate twenty-nine wardi-obes in-the United States 

and Canada. 

J/Z-prices are woven In-the inside hreast iK>cket. 
Suits »20 to $40. Money back //" dissatisfied. 

Respectful I >/, 



captain. 



Contractions. 

\ capahJe. ^ ^ incapable, 
y^.. appointment. L disappointment. U attainment 
(.r atonement, U entertainment, L- contodmenf. 

. indiynant-ation. ^ resignation, anta(jonist- 

ic-ism, ^..inscrihe-d, .^...inscription, X instructi 
I instruction, '^ crample, :rZ^.. unexampled. 



re. 



Exepoise 185. 

Read, copy, and transcribe. 




m 



J! 
i 



'I, 



156 



Short course in shoethano. 




Exercise 186. 

' Write ill Shorthand. 

1. Wc-helieve-that Captain Walker has declined to 

inscribe his name un-the register <>f- members (of the) 
club. 

2. The resignation of so capable a man has-been a f/reat- 

-disappointment to-thc-members. 

3. I-understand he-is indignant at-the treatment (fircn 

to-his late antagonist. 
4>. He-thinks-the committee are incapable f>/-makinjjr 
sutficient atonement for-thcir conduct. 

5. His c.cample may-be followed by-others, so-that /-fear- 

-the proi)08ed entertainment will be-impossible now. 

6. This period of inactivity is quite Hnexamplcd in-the- 

-histoiy (of the) company. 

7. The appointment of Mr. Bhtek as assistant general- 

manager may alter the present state of things, and 
possil>ly produce content men* in-the-vamdiA (of the) 
shareholders. 

8. It- ma ybe-th at-the amount ^o«-mentioned was $25.50, 

or a little over. 

Ph RA8BOORAM8. 
.^.'... in regard to, o^ with regard to, ^^>^ having 
regari to, -A, with reaped to, ^ with relation to, 
Z in relation to, cA^, with reference to, \_ / have 
received. 



FIGUERS. 

Exepoise 187. 

Read, eopi/, and transrrihe. 



157 






<-^ 



^"^ 



^. 




^ 



</^.... c/r:.... 

^^.^...^..-.^ 

Exepoise 188. 

W^r/Yp in Shorthand. 
Mr. W. C. Shaw, 

Memphis, Tenn. 
7)/»^//'-Sir : 

/«-reply-^«7/owr inquiry w?V^-i-eprar«l-/« o«;- .v^jma/ 
prade index cards, wr-enclose-herewith *r',wr// samples 
mth prices marked «» earh. Ifarinff-regard-to-fhe fact 
that-you-are likely /«-take /,rrj/r quantities, M.f-//«re- 
.qiioted-^«« twy-low-prices. Tr////-i-efei-ence-/o ;/,.,/,• 
ohser^^ationx as-to-the extension (of the) system, ,oe-may- 
-say ^//fl^lw-^rtJr-received letters ./>v>w all parts (of the) 
country iu^surinpr ''* thai-it gires the utmost satiKfarti<m 
n e-shan-hr-glnd to-ho.nr inHher from-,t/,>„ ;»-relati<jn- 
-to-the tyi)ewriter supplies fur which- ire -(luoteil-vou 
last-week. 

Respertfnf/y - //«« r*, 



^ 






1 1 



% 



LESSON 37. 

COMPOUND WORDS. 

149. ConipoundB of /tere. there, where, etc., are written 
as follows : 
..S.. hereof, .frv.. hereto, .fx... hereof, ..^... htrevith, 

..\... heretofore, t\ herein. ..^.. hereon, ...J.... thereat. 

...^... theretiK —7- therewith, .J_^.. therein, ...J... thereon. 
.C-f^. whereat, jC^^... tehereto, ..C^.^^ whereof 
X^^. wherewith. .CcrrT^T^.. wherein, .C-f^.. whereon, 
.Ctit:^... whereas, .C<^^. whereahont, ..Y... inanmiirh, 
furthermore. 

Exercise 139. 

Read, vopi/, and transcribe. 



1 ^. .^ 
2 



:.T^. 



6^ Jr!^" 



^. :\L...i-.....5..,(^^..rv...:y^..,.^,,...r.„.^ 



^. 



3^....^...) ::^ -c^ 

^....) !s^..- X 

4 rf-r^r^^.. r\ 

5 
6 



..t5. 






2 







COMPOUND WORDS. 150 

Exercise 190. 

If^'rite in Shorthand. 

Trr-euclose-hei-ewith-^//p sijec-imens wliei-eof vc sin^ke. 
and wliereto we ask ifuiir attention. 

The documents whc.-eon we rely, and wliei-ein nim-wUl- 
-find unr case fully stated, are enclosed-hei-ewith. 

The facts-(of tlie)-ca8e were laid liefoi"e-////M last 
Christmas or thereabouts, whereat he- was mi r prised, 
and whereon he expressed' his views in-the-\&tter 
herein enclosed. 

We-hare-i/our-leti^r (of the) .first-Instant, and-the 
aecounts therein refen-ed to are enclosed-lierewith. 

We-eall your attention thereto, and entnist the con- 
sideration thereof ^-youi-self and partner. 

/ questioned the information whereof he Ki>oke, 
and-I-sent him i/our-leiievH. pointinK-'>«/ ///^//-therein 
he-woutd fiTiA-the true statement- Cof the)-case. 

7. Hereat he-was. /V-seems delifjrhted. and hereto he- 

-Arevi-the attention (of the) members, whereat they- 
-were-pleased, and whereupon thei/ withdrew their 
opix)8ition. 

8. Please-note-///ff/-///r-//rW.ynamed/»-///r-orderenclosed- 

-herewith must-he delivered forthwith. 

Rxepcise 191. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. Ahi-ahaui Samuels. 

St. Louis, Mo. 
Dear-Sh'. 

WilJ-tfou let-US (fire you information wherevitli you- 
-ean save from twenty to fifty i)er-c-ent. in-your Billinjr 
and Ordor D»p.irtnient ? The information ofFt>red lu'ie- 
with is yours for-t hi' askintr. See slip attached hereto. 
Would thanl-you fir an aiknowled(imeul. 

i'onrs-rery-tmly. 



160 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 






Exepoise 192. 

Write in Shorthand. 
Mr. Benjamin J. Neale, 

St. Joseph, Mo. 
Dear-S>\T : 

Herewith wc hane-the-phuxnre to enclose our new 
price-list, wherein i/oiz-wifl-Und partinilars of-sereral 
lines that should api)eal to-i/ou. You-inll-see-the details 
whereof xoe speak on page 44. BespevtfiilJy-ijours, 
Contractions. 
h discharye-d, 1 displeasure, (J^ dissimilar, 
^ expenditure, % expensire, l^ extraordinary, 
li extravagant - ce, '^"~\> manufacture - d, 

V — manufacturer, ^ intelligent. J intelligence, 
y intelligihle, J adrertise-d-ment, 

Exepoise 193. 

Head, copy, and transcribe, 

^....^...X ....z! 






.%r 



^^^-- - ^ -No'' v- 

3 ^.,....i...Jy ..0....J1; l...X...l^^^^^^....JL..C^x 

4 L.°:^...<...^:^...^,.../'. .....J.. ..:...:::::.. ^..^ 

.^ Vr^^. ^...:.....c:rx-^..y. 

(k...:^^... i.:^... (^ 

G \-..../^ -7^. <\ "?:!'....v_^ \:<:^x 



COMPOUND WORDS. 

Exercise 194. 



161 



Wnte in Shorthand. 

Mr. Charles Sellers, 

Detroit, Mich. 
Dear-^'iY: 

After an extraordinary expenditure o/'-time and 
money, tw-A<r re-succeeded in manufacturing an article 
which-will-prevent-the extra ragant waste '//"starch which- 
-now goes on in -our public and private laundries. The 
article is entirely dissimilar to anything hitherto 
invented. It-is-not-expensire, and-we-beliece it-will-be 
largely taken-w/? by manufacturers, dyers, and finishers, 
immediately it-is put on-the market. We-want an 
intelligent man to-represent us at-the approaching 
Exhibition; a man r^/'-quick intelligence, able to explain 
intelligibly the merits (of the) new invention, and who- 
-would discharge in- the best possible- way the duties rf- 
-our agent on-the-%^t. We-understand that-you would- 
-be willing ^-consider an offer o/'-such an appointment, 
and-we should-be-^la,d to-hare-yon callupon-us some day 
next-week to discuss-Me-matter. With-regard-to your 
complaint about-/Ae borax, we-think-you had cause /or- 
-yotir displeasure, and-we-will-see-the manufacturer. 

Respectfull y-yours. 



Exepolse 196. 

Write in Shorthand. 

M>'. Clement Newton, 

Dayton, Ohio. 
I)ear-^\v : 

May-tee advise you to-try-the expenditure of a few 
dollars on an adrertisement in-our columns? You-will- 
-fird-/Ae cost not extravagant, while-the result, tee-are 
confident, will-be very satisfactory. We-knotc-the old 
ways of displaying advertisements, and-tce adopt entirely 
diffi rent methods, less expensive, and far more effective. 
Jre-enclose our rates, awrf-trust to-heax from-you. 

lo«r*-tndy, 

/' s. c. 



wwpp- 



>^t»<'irrv'.raa«j 






LESSON 38. 

INTERSECTIONS. 

150. The shorthand writer may provide himself with 
brief, distinctive, and easily written outlines for the 
titles of companies, officials, etc., and for fretinent 
colloquial phrases, by employing the principle of inter- 
section, or the writing of one stroke consonant through 
another, as iu the examples which follow, and from 
. which the student may devise similar pliriiseograms to 
suit his i^uirements. Thus \ may be used for 
party ; \ for hank ; I for attention ; I for 
department ; / for Journal ; — for conipani/ : 
( for authority; ) f or .sm-ief// ; -^ for rait road; ^ for 
arrange-d-ment ; etc.: as ..'^^..pofitica/ party, /Ji.. party 
question, ^IL. Jiank of Xew York, .^3^. Xatimtal Bank, 
rj^_. my attention has heen raffed, ..U^.. I ask attention, 
.J7. wagon department, ...^..- shipping department, 

...V/^... Pitman s Journal . 'T^. Journaf of Cnr.imerre, 

..a^... Hazel ^ Co ^- The Jones Pultfishing Co., 

../T^— focal authority, <*-4— • mediruf authorities, 
.r:^. dramatic society, .^. Pennsyfvania R.R., 
.(^.. South Carolina R.B., ..z^. I shv arrange, 
.^Si, I have aiTunged, .%,.^^ys^ please make an- gements. 

Wh«n the direction of the letters will not allow of 
interjection, the second stroke may be written close 
to or under the fii-st ; as Ir^TiJ^. ICnox S,' Co. 

162 



INTERSECTIONS. 



las 



Exepolse 196. 

Write in Shorthand. 

1. The party leaders are to-meet ^^-niorrow-eveninfr to- 

-make arrangements /wr-/^f coming election. 

2. The manager (of the) State Bank writes to-the 

"Engineering Journal," vallinij attention to-the new 

savings department. 
The New York Puhlishlinj Co., hax issuetl a new 

catalog of-its works. 
The medical authorities declare the port absolutely 

free from-the plague. 

5. The Baltimoi-e Musical anil Dramatic Smiety ijircx 

its first entertainment (of the) season ^<-monow- 
-evening. 

6. A big increa-e is reix>rted in-the traific returns (of the) 

Missouri Pacific Railway. 

7. I-will arrange-/^e matter </« I-have an-anged it Ijefore. 



3. 



4. 



Contractions. 
.^-. indiridual, >» inrestment. 



t /, 



in- 



interest, ^ 
terested, I uninteresting, Lp disinterested-ness, 

\ — appUcable-ility, ..S--. astonish-ed-ment, <y\ rcrtiji- 
cate, Ly eontingeney. 

Exeroise 197. 

Write in Shorthand. 
Mr. R. Mason, 

Toronto, Can. 
Dear '^ir : 

Refening to-the indiudnal vho called last week 
respecting an investment, it-may interest-yon to ktimc 
that-tce-have discovered, to-onr astonishment that-the-maxi 
has since left-//<e covmtry. We-icere-told by a perfectly 
dinnterested person that-the stranger had had a far 



164 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



from vnintcrfsthin, career. He won a high-speed certijl- 

cate u'lien-he-ifun sixteen year» old, and w/ien-Ziis father 

died teas left wit/i sufficient funds to-nuet anif ordinary 

continyencif. He lost much money, howerer, and seems 

to-hare intended ^o-make a safe hiccntment (of the) 

remainder. Uf-now mee-the applicahiliti/ of-hig remark 

about not having " all-your eggs in one basket," Ihouyh- 

-weHi>uld-not make-?7 applicable to-hls business at-ihe- 

-time. We-will let you know if'-ire hear rt«//M/«<;-fui'ther 

ahout-kim. 

Respectful I y-your», 

\ 

Exepoise 188. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. George Hewson, 
Cumberland, Md. 

Dfflrr-Sir : 

?f f-desire to-call your attention to-the fact that-this- 

-is-the-most appropriate time for placing conti-acts for 

advertisement.'!. Knowing that-you-are-interested in-this- 

-matter, tce-take-the-liberty of enclosing a pamphlet 

explaining our latest methods of distributing circulars, 

etc., and-we-hoy^-you-may-be inclined to put our methods 

to-the test. We-have a staff large enough to-meet any 

contingency. 

yours-rery-truiy. 



Exepcise 199. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. James Lee, 
Richmond, Va 

Dear Sir : 

We-are astonished <o-leam that your certificate has- 
-not-yet i-eached you, and-we-are making inquiry (of the) 
framer. He-is usually a very prompt individual, and- 
-w€-can scarcely think-he-has neglected our instructions. 

Sespectfully-yours, 



LESSON 39. 

DISTINGUISHING VOWELS. 
ir»l. Refnilar and systematic pnictice in thewTiting 
and readinjf of shorthand «haratt^i-8. with a careful 
following? of tlie rules for the indication of vowela. will 
enable the student to disjiense with vocalization to a 
larpre extent. Nevertheless, he should not hesitate to 
insert a vowel where it seems necessar)- for the sake of 
distinction, as. for instance, in such words a^ ./^|. Uuly 
(to distini^ish it from load), - 1>^-~ emmi/ (to distinguish 

from name). ...."L. . extrkatt (to distinj,nii8h iri)m.ejctf(ut). 
An uncommon proi)er name, too, should always be 
vocalized when written for the fii-st time, though the 
outline may be left un vocalized s)iould the name occur 
again in the same matter. Si)eaking generally, the 
stenographer should rather err on the side of over- 
vocalization than run any risk of illegibility by omit- 
ting necessary vowels. 

Exepoise 200. 

In this exercise the italir lefters indicate the voweh whi'h 
should he inserted. 
Wf should-neither accept any theories nor ad^/pt any 
views, however voluble the rtdvo<ates of-such-may-be 
except we-are convinced that-they-ave authorized, and- 
-have-been tested and attested by-lhose upon whose 
veracity we-can rely, or uidess our-own reason a ppr^s 
of- them and-we-have «mple pnwf that-though they-uiay- 
-have some defects, their adoption will-be valuable to us 
in-the-main. that-we-may employ them to-the benefit of 
■ourselves and othera, and-that-they -will-be readily 
(available on occasions of necessity. No matter how 
apposite tlie arguments may ai>pear which-are adduced 
tomove us from an opiwsite opinion, we should-be as 
rtdamant in-the face of any demand upon-the feelings, 

165 



166 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



wliich-oiir reason does-not sanction. Thus, any rtttempt 
to-tt»mpt lis to foolish actions will-only em\ in-the failure 
(of the) t<?n»i)ter. "We-have-l>een endoM«ed with mental 
faeultie.j far-ax.a-away a>Jove those with-which-the lower 
oniniai^ are end/zed, in-order that-we-niay protect our- 
selves from-our enem/es, and may add to-our happiness. 
It-is a fact, however, that-such-is-the effect of-ijersuasion 
upon some persons of weak will that-they l»ecome as 
mere wax in-the hands of -those-who- would lure them to- 
-ruin. With-such people it-seems only necessary for a 
fluent roffue to advance an alluring' prospect of an afflu- 
ent position at-little cost, and-they fall at-once, without 
a defence, into-the trap set for-them. Is-not-this-the 
secret of almost every-successful fi-aud we-have-heard 
or read of in-any-nation ? There-are, «las. too-many- 
•pereons who-niake-it tlieir vocation or wvocation in life 
to dui>e othere less able than themselves. They-have no 
feelings of honor, or flee would-not prey on-the failings 
of -those around. They despise vei-acity, and-their greed 
for gold (Muounts almost to voracity. To obtain posses- 
sion of -riches they-make light of-every opposition, and 
ai-e slowtowdmit themselves beaten. They-are wverse 
to honest labor, and-yet they spare no imins to become 
versed in-the cunning arts necessaiy to-exti-act money 
from their victims, and to-extricwte themselves from-the 
consequences of-their illegal actions. They devise a 
plot, and, under-the semblance of «dvice. they oi^erate 
on-the greed and-ci-edulity of ignoi-ant jjersons, and- 
-having thrown them off their guard, lead them into 
foolish Adventures. Truly " A fool and-his money are 
easily parted." We should-not rrttach too-much import- 
ance to a scheme because-it-is introduced with a flourish 
f)f fair words, nor should-we touch any speculative (tSair 
without first subjecting it to an accurate examination. 
Tf-we could only examine the flrnnual i-etunis of failures 
and flrnalyze their-causes, we should-find that many are 
rtttributable to an wtter absence of-judgment in-the 
conduct of business, and an over confidence in-the n/cety 
and honesty of-othera. 



DISTINGUISH I NO VOWELS. 



167 



C'tJNTRACTIONS. 



1-& (iemoiistroh. y T t'( tuoimlratc. 
w or'njintil-lif. Kj'dtnifitfr-if//, ^^^^ 
"C^- siityiihir, ^ itniinjuniiahfc-v. 



1 ininiyfri/. 
prclimimiij/. 



Exepoioe 201. 

Write ill SJi'iHliand. 

1. I-thiiik-tlic raili-oad company's repnseiitatire iran- 

-mmli too familiar. innl-I-t-'nill n iiioiisfiatf irith liiiti 
un-the Jimt upportu )itff '•'• 

2. It-iti giiiifii/ar that-l I" i, ilimlil < h<x>J*> -'Uc!/ c time to 

ilemonstrati thiii al reiKj!,' 

3. It-was iyriyiiialty his iiitf-utii'i A'-join tlf iiilnistri/, 

hilt he-was o)>li}?efl to alxUHlnii I he iil.-n 

4. The oriyinal owner was a n 1 1/ ttiin/nlur iuliridual, 

who verer indul}»ed in famihuriti/ iiilh anyone. 

5. An indispensahh preliminary wa.s-the si^oiing (of the) 

register at-thc dtxjr (of the) hall. 

6. It-is iiulispensalily necessary that you-should-he- 

-present at-the meetintf /<>-nion"ow. 

Exepoise 202. 

Write in Shorthand. 

Mr. Richard Young. 

Milwaukee. Wis. • 

Dear-^\Y : 

Replying to-yonr-isivor (of the) 1st inst.. the original 
(of the) document to-wh irh-you-reter may-he-aeen here. 
after a preliminary examination of-your ci-edentials.: 
This-is an indi.spensalde condition, and-it-is singular 
that-yoii-shoiild-not-he familiar with-it. The cirenmstanre 
would appear to show that-you-are a stranger in-this 
district. We-sh all -he-pleased howerer, to see-you when- 
ever yon rare to-call. 

lo«r*-truly, 






LESSON 40. 

SIMILAR WORDS. 

152. There are some words which have outlines of 
their own ; that is, they are i-eadily i-eco^ized by their 
distinctive forais. which it is difficult to i-ead for any 
but the words they are intended to i-epi-esent. There is 
nothing to be gained by writing such words in position 
according to the niles given in the early chapters of 
this book, and they may. therefore, }.e wi-itten on the 
line. The following are examples of such words : 
^ instinct,, L^ disqualifies, P distinvtion, 
VJLp pronounve, -VS viiserah!^, ^^ furtunateh/. 

153. The following list of similar words, distinguished 
by a difference of outline, is selected from the longer 
list given in " Isaac Pitman's Shorthand Instructor." 

\/V. petrifu, \j putrefi/; "jb possionate, x/J patient; 
\y^ purpose, ., \^/j/-o>,> , perhaps; V appro- 
priate, \yp)ropej'ti/,'\^propnet//, V^V purport; 
^ appropriatiZn. \ ' \ ^, preparation ; "V „rof- 



fer, '\^ prefer; ^^ provide, ^\^ pe'rrade; %/>/„„. 
rute, \/~ persecute; '''>r^prosecuti'iM,\J^ persecution ; 

Ydetriment-al,\^ determined; l| debtor, I editor; 

{^ defruif, \i^ d^fer; ^7 rouraije, — ^/carriage; 



■] factor,^ - -, ,factor,v: ^^ favored, ^^farorite; 



I staid, I stead I/; V considerate, 1 considered; 
^-^impasrioned, ^y-' impativut ; \ nuavoidahle 
\ ^>^<-f'itahle: ^' learned {sevh), /" " learned 

(adjective) ; ^ regard, ^\ regret. Pure juid poor, 
and derivatives of these words, are written in the third 
positicm, and are distinguished thus: .V^- . pure, 

168 



SIMILAR WORDS. 

purely, \y>r^. piireness; .\....poor, 
poorness. i 

Exepcise 203. 



160 

poorly. 



1 



3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 



8. 

y. 

10. 

11. 

12. 



Write in Shorthand The (Ustinijaisheil worcfs are 
printed in SMALL CAPITALS. 

A man of-his distinction in learning' ran easily Bay 
wfietker-the thing will PUTREFY or petrify. 

The PASSIONATE behavior (of the) miserable 
fellow CO i-asted strongly with-the patient bearing 
oj-his companion. 

Perhaps you propose to accompliBh mur purpose 
/« -another- way. 

TfVconsider it very appropriate ///rt^Me-PROPERTY 

should go to a man o/-8uch propriety. 
Wfiat-is-the PURPORT (of the) appropriation for- 

■which-you-are making such careful preparation ? 
If-uou PREFER /o-PROPFER your services free of- 

-chai'ge, I-shall defer /M^-proi>o8al ^w-defray 

your expenses. 

The presence (of the) ladies w///-provide an air 
^/-quietness that-is sure /o-pervade-^/J<- whole 
conference. 

MeAv-the prosecution ^«#l)ecomea persecution 
and-that'they PROSECUTE the case now rather to 
PERSECUTE the UNFORTUNATE man than ^o-secure 
justice. 

The POORNESS (of the) bread was compensated hu- 

-the PURENESS (of the) milk. 
/-REGARD-/^^ EDITOR as-iny DEBTOR f„r-the- 

-ainotint, hut /-regret to say he does-md i-ocoirnize 

w^-dami. 

The steady co'jrage (of the) staid student in 
stopping the carriage won-///e admiraticm (of the) 
FACTOR, und-the youth is-novr engaged at-the 
factory. 

IfV-W^-re-FAVORED with a). IMPASSIONED address 

Jrom our FAVORITE speaker, irho, impatient at 

what-he CON8lDERED-Me want-of considerate 

ti-eatment %-///*- mayor, gave J/Arti-ousing discourse. 



170 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

13 It-iran INEVITABLE, in-the UNAVOIDABLE aV>8ence 

«/■ !/>• Brown, t/mt-i/oit-s/ioufd resume i/our posi- 
tion and re ASSUME t'/ie control (of the) factory. 

14 Fortunately. ///*■ instinct as a scholar led ///m to- 

-PRONOUNCE-///«? irovih proi)erly. or he-tcuuld-have- 
-heeit DIStJUALlFIED. 

Contractions. 
" V>. huhsvrlhahh. V indisfrimiiiate, °~ \ ■■iensi- 

b!e-ifiti/,\ peculiar-it y. ^--/^ /ie>'pendiri(lar, V^' pcr- 

petuaf-fff, "^ proportio)i-e.f, \^/ proporti<»utte-li/, 
.^. cstahlish-ed-'ment. 

Exepoise 204. 

Write in Shtirthand. 

(rt) T>car-^\r : The pcruliar novelty alx)iit which-you 
inqxiire is simply iudesvrihahle in a letter, as n-e-are 
pf-rpctuall// inform inn nKiuii-ei-s. We- ha /< -juBt estahlished 
a branch in New York, where i/ou-ean inspeet-the article 
at <fw//-time. JiesperffnU//-i/ours. 

(h) Bear-S'ir : The indisrriminafe attacks which-i/ou 
have-heen pleased /w-niake upon-the management of-this 
estahlishme)it are altogether oiit-of /iroportion to-the 
gravity (of the) mistake we made, and-ir, apijeal to-i/ou 
to discontiniie them at-ome. Respeetfulli/-i/oi(rs. 

(r) IJear-Sw: Replying -/'^-//""'-letter of-i/esterdat/, 
tre-think- //owr-writing is too perpendicular, and-that-i/ou 
do-not observe a due prof ort ion in-the-Hi/.e (of the) lettei-n. 
Vuur downstrokes are ^-wo-means proportionate in 
length to-the horizontals, and i/ou-are rather indis- 
criminate in-the-use o/-phnuHes. The most sensible plan 
for a man of-.i/our sensihiliti/ would he /o-take a course 
(//■-private lessons. and-we-shall-he-\A<i»HeA to see-t/ou with 
a view to-lhis. We-do-not propose to establish j branch 
in t/uur town (fZ-pi-esiint. Yours-respectJ'ully, 



SIMILAR WORDS. 



171 



ThefulJoio'tiKj letters to he written in Shorthand. 

Exepcise 205. 

Messrs. L. Barinp S: Co.. 

Indianapolis. Ind. 
Gentlemen : 

We-are-deeiAy sensible of-i/our-Yindneas in giriny 
its-the information set forth in-i/onr-i&\or (of the) lOtli 
inst., and-we-shafl-he-pleased /^-reciprocate at an//-t'nne 
when-it-mat/-f>e in our ix»wer to-do-su. The biisinesa is a 
peculiar one, and-tt^e-har to he careful not /r>-take an 
undue proportion of-r\ek hy indiscriminate htiste. Thank- 
ing you again for-your coui'tesy, we remain. 

You rs- very- truly, 

Exepcise 206. 

Mr. G. E. Heeney. 

Savannah, Ga. 
Dear-^'iY : 

We-have-your-\etter of-yesterday, and-wc-are looking 
into-^/if'-matter. We-are quite unahle (//-iJi-esent /o-ex- 
plain-///f cause (of the) trouble irith-the last consignuient, 
hut- we- will write-.yoM again in a day or-tiro. 

■ yours-tniiy, 

Exepcise 207. 

Messi-s. Stainer dj* Co.. 

Boston. Ma«8. 
Gentlemen : 

We-are-much-ohViged for-your informatiun al)out-///e 
stain, «»(/-«Y'-enclo8e-herowith trial orr .-for live gallons 
of No. 3 (luality. dark. »/'r-.v//«//-A<-glad if-y<>it-irifl also 
send a specimen (of the) work of-No. 'rd. 

Yours-tvnly, 

Exepoise 208. 

Mr. H. A. Cai-ey. 

Washington, D.C. 

Deat-S'ir: 

We-take/deasure in-em\im\Uii yoi( a card herewith. 
up:in presentation oj'-irhirh at our Mineral Spring 



172 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 









Pavilion, we-will-he-pleaaeA to-aerve you mth any of-onr 
artificial mineral waters in-which-you-may-be particularly 
interested, and-will give you any-infortnation you-may 
desire. 

Our waters are compounded according-to-the standard 
analysis (of the) various natural springs, and are 
manufactured only with chemically pure salts arui 
distilled water. 

TFe-feel that-the fact that our waters are prescribed 
hy, and used in-the families of-over eighteen hundred 
physicians i'«-<Ai»-city, should-be a sufficient guarantee 
of-their purity and wholesomeness. 

This pavilion was erected in 1904 at-the request of 

numerous physicians, and-is used during-the early 

morning hours hy patients who-have-been sent there by- 

-their physicians to-take one (of the) various cures, and 

derive, a^-^/^e-same-time, the benefit of exercise in-the 

open air. 

Yours-respevtfully, 

Exepoise 209. 

Mr. C. Singer, 

New York,N.Y. 

Dear Sir : 

The Department of Education. Comer Park Avenue 

4* 59th Street, Borough of Manhattan (whei-e sjjecifica- 

tions may-be obtained), invites bids until 3 p.m.. Sept. 

14th, 1905, fur furnishing and delivering text-books, 

maps, globes, charts, pictures, etc.. for-the Day and- 

-Evening Elementary Schools, the Day (///(/-Evening 

High-Schools. (/«t/-Mf-Tmining-Schools (of the) City qf' 

New York. 

TFip-ictYZ-ic-pleased tu nmmge for-the execution of Bid 

Bond required. 

i 'oif rs- rcr y-truly. 



0RAMMAX008 AND CONTRACTIONS. 173 

THE GRAMMALOGS AND CONTRACTIONS. 

Arranged in the order in which (hey are given in the 
preceding pages. 

Lesson l aoran, • the, all, % tooortwo, 

...... of, ^ to. . '. owe or Oh! • he, ..on, i but. 

Lesson 2. '.. awe or ought. ' who, i up) and, 

/ (wp) should, \.. happy. \ up, . x^. put, ..>. by 
or buy, N be, .\-tobe, ..[..at, I it, j... out. 
Lesson 3. . ..L. had, I do. .|... different-ce, 

.../... much, / which, .../.. each. ../...large, can, 

— come, ."".. go or ago, — give-n. 
Lesson 4. .Sr...half, V. if, ^ have. ...L. thank-ed, 
( think, ..(..youth, ..V. though, ( them or they. 

Lesson 5. ..^.. I or eye. a how, why, aye 

(t/es), ...?.... beyond, " you, ...'... with, c when, 
...'... what, ■> would. 

Lesson 6. ..±.. saw, / so or us, ....)... see or use, 

) was, )... whose or use, -^ shall, -_y.- wish or she, 
^ usual-ly. 

Lesson 7. ...°... as or has, o is or his, because, 

...l... itself, .A., those, 4 this. . .^... these or thus, 
C. me or my, '-^ him or may' ^.myseif, ^-^ him- 
self, / are, ..- <: our or hour. 

Lesson 8. ^ first-'T!'.- most, .-^ must, influence, 

.^.. influenced, — «> next. .^... in or any. ^-^ no or 
know, ..^^- own. 

Lesson 9. ..?.... as his, o is as, b this is or 
themselves. ...^ourselves, '^ special-ly, .?>^.-. speak, 
^ several, tr^ yes. a^ house, <^ we. 



174 SHORT COUKSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Lesson lO lanffim^e ur owinp. 



young, .anything, 



•nothing, 



N_^ thing, 
something, 



\ 



or. 



^ your, -.~^y.. year, v jT New York. 

Lesson 12. /S . aj^ply, \ able, ..<y^.. belief or 

believed, ...[... at all, f tell. ...(:... till. T deliver-ed-y, 
.. ~.. call, c — equal-ly. ...1... dollar-s. . ..!.... doctor, 
I dear, .1... during. 

Lesson i:}. v_ for, ..S-:.. over, ^ ever-y, Q^.. evil, 
\ other, T.-V moi-e or i-emark-ed. ' ^ i-emai'kable-y, 

c~^ mere o/' Mr. nor. ^—y near. 

Lesson it. \ from, "^ very, .."^..however. / their, 
there, or they are, -^.... through, ...A., therefore, 

..?\... principle <»• principal-ly, /N.liljerty, n member or 
remember-ed, >>. .. number-ed. 

Lesson I.'j. I strength. I tnith. ...!]. .tnie, / chair, 
.../.. cheer, ../.. larger, c — care, -.')..■ sure, -^ plea- 
sure, ....-?.. 8\u*pri£e. 

Lesson 1(5. .._??.. hai)pen, ^"^ upon, "S been, 
J done, ...J...down. </ genei-al-ly, .j:?.. often, 
Vo Phonography, Vjj^ phonogi'aplier, Vo — phonographic. 
..Y... within. 

Lesson 17 .il. approve, \» above, I... out of, 

I advantage, .-[^... difficult, .L^. difficulty, / which 
have;, <y^ one, v_ri opinion. 



Lesson 19 



architect-ui"e-al. 



-1 arciiiveci-ure-ui. ... neglect-ed, 

X pro8i)ect, y object, ^ subject, \ exjject-ed, 

^^^ \ unexpected-ly, .^'x respect-ed, ol susiiect-ed 
or suspicious, ~\ inspect-ed-tion. 



ORAMMALOGS AND CONTRACTIONS. 175 

Lesson 2(). si^ify-ip<l-ficant. '^^.. siy^nificance, 

"P-.sijmification. 



~ iuBi^'nificjuit. ^ insignificance, 
V- 8ul>8cril>e-(l. Sr^ 8ub8cri[»ti(m. %— suiierscribe-d. 
^-^ suijei-scription. V knowledfre. ^ acknowledge. 

Lesson 21. (T will or well. _C ._ while. 

imixtrtant-ce. ^s impruve-d-ment. '^^..iiuixjsHihle. 

^^ improvements, o^ whetlier. J iimiuestionalile-y. 
'-I yesterday, /^ January. ^ B'eliruary, 

V Novemljer. J-^ Deceml)er. .j? United States. 

Lesson 22. \/\ 



Ijei'8{>e<'tive, 



\. 



prosijective. 



^ productive, ^ obstructive, \ objective, \ sub- 
jective, j destnictive. .--^ reHi)ective. y in-erspective. 
^' i-etro8i)ective, -'"V resi)ectively, L— defective, 



executive. 

Lesson 23. sj abstraction. 'N| obstruction. S sub- 
jection, ^ objection. <| destnu'tion. 1' ctmstruction, 
.v^^ uniform-ity-ly. c/""^ ' unanimity-ous. 

Lesson 24. y\^ Revd. <//• revenue. / reffular, 
in-etrular. N^ public-sh-ed. ''\^ publication, 
^^ republic. N^ republican. . ^ — i-opu^nant-ce, 
repi-esent-ed, />. i-epresentation. - i-epi-esenta- 
tive, /S) i-esiKmsible-ity. * irresponsible-ity. 

Lesson 2«). ..quite, -could, ."" (Jod. _ yood. 

according, accordintjtowy cart, c- cared. T... guard, 

e- ffreat. called. <^ cold or etiualled. t. jjold, 

cannot, -^ account. .. '^. . jrentleman. J frentlenien, 

-'^..liai)i)ened, '^. particular, "X opportunity, ...''...child, 
^^ instiint (inst.i, ...r... not, «.' nature, n^ . natuml-ly. 



UtTt aa 



176 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

Lesson 27. ^ build-ing or able to, T told or till it, 
1 tried, 1 toward or trade, I did, J did not, 
J " had not or do not, ..>:.. after, V. if it. L- thought. 

< that, < without, third, sent, ^ send, 

<^ Bomewhat. ...-?'... short, ..2.. might or met, - meet-mg. 

Lesson 28. <N spirit, c- secret, ^ may not or amount. 

r. . ;. >nd, - under, S.... light, r let, ...1. art. 

..:^..yard, > word, <y wait, ^' yet, ..f-..want, c/> wont 

or went, c^-"^ wonderful-ly. 

Lesson 29. 7^. commercial, ^v^ financial, ^ ^espe- 
cial-ly, L eabential-ly, ^Z^.. influential, .^t:?::^ . vm- 
influential, "^substantially, ^ unsubstantial-ly, 
3 controversy-sial, cf circiimstance.t^^ circumstantial. 
>U immediate. -W immediately. "> prejudice-cial. 
Lesson 30. ^ passenger, ) danger, ^ dangerous, 
\ stranger, ^ messenger, 1 ^--^^ man- 

uscript, 3-\ transcribe. K transcript 3-^ ti-an- 
scription, 1 tmnsfer, 3- transgiecs, P transgres- 
sion. ^ transmission. ^ understand, -f understood, 
V-. September. -<^ whenever, L whatever. 

Lesson 31. '^ better than, ^^ ra>her than, 
.^-^ rather or writer, W perform-ed, \/^^ per- 
former. V^ pei-forms-ance. A- reform-ed. 
/A^^ refoi-mer, A-^ refonnation, ^- iuform-ed, 
-V-. informer. -•r:^- information, .^ thankful. 
(»— thanksgiving. , 

Lesson 33. V proficient-cy-ly. Ir deficient-cy-ly, 

V_yefficient-cy-ly, ^"V^ inefficient-cy-ly.J^- ^ sufficient- 

-cy-ly, ''"^' insufficient-cy-ly, >r obsei-vation, 

V preservation. ^^ inconsistent, ^ inconsistency, 

^ inconsiderate. .^ selfish-ness, ^^ unselfish-ness. 



ORAMMALOGS AND CONTRACTIONS. 177 

Lesson 34. "V never. ^ nevertheless, -k not- 

withstandinfr. ^ enlarge. ^ enlamed, \ i>rol>al.ie- 

-ly-ity, \_ ,,nictiee-d-al-ly. ^ practicable, 

> friendfihip. ^^ imperfect-ion, | satisfaction. 

y satisfactoiy. <K unsatisfactory. 

Lesson 35. -^ n^istake. ->- mistaken. 

V^ ^^'°*^«*'^' -^-character. •:7~'^ diai-ac-tenstic. 

^- descnption. / penei-alization. ' V, or,?anize-d. 
Uft ..r^ranization, ~L extinffuish-ed. |j- distinjn.ish- 
-ed. "tS reHnriuish-ed. ~V^ covenant. "^ ^overn- 
ed-nient. r~ mapnet-ic-iRui. .^ magazine. 

Lesson m. ~^. captain. ~\ <.apable. ^ \ in- 
capable. :-^.. appointment, i^ di8apiK)intment. 
U attainment or atonement. \ entertainment. 
l-_contentment. ^- in.lijrnant-atlon. ^ i-esijrnation. 
- antajfonist-ic-ism. ..^.. inscrilje-.l. .t^.. inscription, 
^^instructive, ti instiniction, Z^, example. 
unexampled. 

Lesson 37. > discharge-d, J displeasui-e, 

^ dissimilar. -^ expenditui-e. -\ exiK^nsive. 

l^ exti-aordi^nary. "1. extravajrant-c e. ' V manu- 

facture-d. "^V^ manufacturer, -7 inteUigent. 

J intelliprence. ^ intellifrible. { adve.tise-d ment. 

Lesson 38. _>.. individual, ^ investment. 

T interest. -f' interested. 1" uninterestin^f. 

^ disinterested-ness, V_ applicable-ility. ^. aston- 

i8h-ed-ment. A^-ertificatc L, contingency. 

Lesson 39. l^ demonstrate. ^ remonstrate. 



178 8UOKTHAND CORRKSPONUENT. 

^ mini8tr>'. "/ oriffinal-ly, V^ familiar-ity. 
%^^ preliminary. ^^- sinfTular, ^ in U»i>en8able-ly. 
Lesson 40. ^t;->^ iiuleBoriLable, 1- indiscriminate. 
^-V sensible-ity, V -- i>eculiar-ity. \/ penHmdicular. 
V^ peiTetual-ly. '^n, i)roi)ortion-ed, \^ pi-opor- 
tionate-lv, <- estiibliBli-ed-ment. 
CONTRACTIONS FOR NAMER OF STATES 
AND TERRITORIES. 

Officially adopted'^ the VniteU States Post (office Veparlment.^ 

Ala. ---^ ^ I 
Alaska fi_ 




PRINCIPAL CITIES. 17«) 

FIFTY PRINCIPAL CITIES ARBANGED 
ACCORDING TO POPULATION. 

Ti.loao (Ohio) Ll-.. 

Allej-beny (Pa.) .4ts 



New York ._v_cc''. 
Chicajro (111.) ..fLrr: 
Philadelphia (Pa.) v,^ 
St. Louis (Mo.) . >._. 
Boston (Maas.) ..N".. 
Baltimore (Md.) >y^ 
Clevelan.' (Ohio) !^.-v 
Buffalo (N.Y.) \ 



ColuDjbus (Ohio! ...l!2b... 
Worcester (Mass.) ..J2 - 
Syracuse (N.Y.) . ^^/^ 
New Haven (Conn. .^ 
Patei-son (N.J.) ..n-^*^ 
Fall River (Mass.) 



V 



..^. 



San Francisco (Cal.) ^ St. Joseph (Mo.) ..'/.. 

Cincinnati (Ohio) , Omaha (Neb.) ..'I^- 

PittsburR'Pa.) \ ~" Los Angeles (Cal. > i^ 

New Orlean-s (La.) .^ ^V" Memphis (Tenn.) 2^ L 
D. troit(Mich.) I.. 



Milwaukee (Wis.) .^ "' 
Washington (D.C.) -.<^ 
Newark (N.J.) :-r::^^. 
Jersey City (N.J.) 7. p 
Louisville (Ky.) ...^ a 

Minneai)olis(Minn.) 

Providence (R.I.) .% 



r 



Scranton (Pa.) ... j 
Lowell (Mass.) ..C^ . 
Albany (N.Y.) C^ 
Cambridge (Maes.) .ZT.T!\ 
Portland (Ore.) .V..' 
Atlanta (Ga.) ...hi 
Grand Rapids (Mich. ).'r^'' 
Dayton (.Ohi(.) ..I 

Richmond (Va.) ..yl.. 



Indianapolis (Ind.) .^ • 

Kansas City (Mo.) .TT.f .. ! Nashville (Tenn) ..Qr^ 

St. Paul (Minn) .*->/.. \ Seattle (Wash.) ...j!.. 

Rochester (N.Y.) ..:lf. Hartford (Conn.) .^.<^. 

Denver (C.io.) I 5^ Reading (Pa.) y'X^ 




y »U.»L'. 



.A -.t< -.i.'-r,-,-H y ■ 



MICROCO«»Y RESOIUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 







Ug 


t^ 


Hi 


IS 
us 


1^ 




u& 


■ 2-0 






Hill - 



^ APPLIED IM/1GE 



165J East Main Street 
Rochester. New rork U609 
(716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 
(716) 288- 5989 -Fox 



inc 



USA 



180 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

REPORTING GRAMMALOGS. 

ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. 

awe....'... cold c-^ 

aye (yes) .^ . 



A 

A or an 

alle ..v.. 
able to ..Sk... 
above .N».. 
according' ... 
accordin}? to 
account -a 
advantajje ...I... 
after 
ago 
ah ! . 



V, 



all ..:.. 

amount ^ 

an 

and 



any 
apply .V 
appi-ove 
art ...'^... 
are ..^... 

c 

as 

aa has 
as his 

as is ...*-'... 
at...].. 
at all i... 
away . f/: 



^ 



o 
o 



B 
Be \ 

because 

been ..!S . 
belief -\. . 
believe .<t .. 
believed ..^.. 
beyond ... 
build . \ .. 
buildin<? . .s^... 
but I. . 
by or buy .\. 



C 

Call ^"7. 
called "r... 

can 

cannot ...Z.. 
care c — 
cared c- 

cart 

chair .../._., 
cheer ...^.. 
child '^ 
Christian .... 
Christianily 



come — . 
could -- 

D 

Dear ....I . 
deliver ...I .. 
delivered .1 . 
deliver}' . I. . 
did ...I .. 
did not ...J... 
difference — 1. 
different ...L. 
tlifficult - 1 .. 
do ...1... 
do not . '^... 
doctor ...1... 
dollai" . .1.. . 
uoUai-s - 1 .. 
done ...J... 
down .. J. . 
during ..I .. 

E 

each .../.... 
eh? . 

equal c 

equally ^— 



equalled ^^ 
ever ^ . 
ever)- ..^ 
evil o 
eye .' . 

F 

First 0... 
for L.. 
fix>u; !^.. 

G 

General J 

generally ,/.. 

generation ../.. 

gentleman /. 

gentlemen ..</. 

give — 
given — 
glorified c— 
glorify c_ 
glorj' 4— 
go .~. 
God ."". . 

gold e- 

good _ 
great e- 
guard .T . 

H 

Had .1 

had not ^ 



\ 



I 

I." 

if..k... 
ifit ..V,... 
imiKJi-tance ^ 
important .'^ 
improve ./-s . 
improved ./-^ . 
improvement., 
improvements 



REPOBTINQ GRAMMALOGS 

I half > 
I hand 

hapjjen 

happened 

happy . ^^ . 

has ...'^ 

has his ?... 
I have .\^.. 

ue ....;.... 
heaven ..So . 
high ../ . 
him .^A 
himself ./--&. 
his . .o. . 
his is . O . 
holy fl '', 
horn- ..^1 , 
house .<i-^_ 
I how ..A.. 

however '\N.. 



LSI 



in 

instant k. 

is . -o . 
is as . o 
is his . c... 
it ...J... 
itself ..|... 

K 

L 

Language 
large ../ 
larger / 

let ^ 

liberty "N. 
light . '^. 
Lord .f^... 



M 

May ^ 

may not ,^ 
\ me ..T. .. 
meet . ^ . 
meeting .^ 
Uiember %. 
Uiere r-^. 
met . ' ■.. 
miglit . r" . 
more 
most 



<r-- 



182 SHORT 

Mr ^.. 
nuich ..'..... 
must -/Ts,. 

my 

myself .C^-. 

N 

Nation ..^^- 
natin-e .-^-'.. 
near '^^-.. 
no ^-^ 

nor 

not 

number .<\^.. 
numbered ?V^- 

O 

o ' . 

of _\. 
often Sr?. 

oh . ' .. 

I 
on 

one <?-. 

opinion ..v_j?. 

opiwrtunity . '?^- 

or . :.. 

other . \..- 

ought 

our ..y^.. 

ourselves - P 



COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



out ...1.... 
out of - [.- 



over >r 

I 

owe 

owing -.- 

own .,-..,. 



P 

Particular .. ..\.. 
Phonography 
pleasure . Jf.. 
principal .5^x^- 
principally .%^. 
principle .cv-.. 
put ..\. - 

Q_ 

Quite 



R 

Religion . J .. 
religious .^ - 

remark 

remarked ' 
i-emember .'N 
reuiembei"ed ''Sk.. 

S 

Saviour ..V — 
Scripture . - 
secret o- 



see .-)._ 
send ...<i*!._ 

sent 

sevei-al -V... 
shaU ..J... 
shalt ..J. 
short . ' ... 
should .../.-^ 

signiiicant 

I significance — . 
; signify **~. 
signified 

so -../-.- 

somewhat -.<rN- 
sijeak \— 
special .^- 
specially ..^.. 
spirit -.?s- . 
strength ..J... 
sure ..J).- 

T 

Tell [. . 
thank C 

thanked ...^ 

that *... 
the . 
their / 
them . ( . 
themselves c 



i*f^>M 



there . / 

therefore V. 

these (^ . 

they ( 

they are .. / .. 

thing N_^ 

think (.. 

third J) ... 

this (o . 

those ^ . 

though ^ . 

thought ...'... 

through 

or threw 

thus .-4— 

thy .1.. 

thyself .'?.-. 

till ...f 

till it . . r. . 

to..N . 

to be -\^. 

told ... ll.. 

too ....\... 
toward ...I.... 
trade . 1.. 
trie 1 .1. 
true 4 . 
truth . 1... 

two ...N. . 



REP< 


DETING GRAMMAI,OGS. 183 


u 


while .y ... 




Under ^ 

up .X.. 
upon -.X . 

us ....).-# 


whither ..^x- 
who .-/... 
whose ...)-.. 

why ...L 




use (noini) . 1 .. 


will .... 




use (re'rh) ..)... 
usual ..^. . 


wish ..._^... 
with . . 




usually U.. 


within . ^.. 
without (... 




V 


won't -c^... 


>■ 


Very ..!>.. 
W 


word .:>.. 
would ....J. . 




Wait .^.. 


Y 




want . . 


Yard :>.. 




was ...) . 


ye ...... 




way .o<^.. 
we .-4-rr.. 


year ."n^.. 
yes ..e^ . 




weight ..c;.. 


yet ..cT... 




well ..c . . 


you .. n... 




went --<^.. 


yoimg ^. 




what ....!... 


youi' .^. 




when -..c... 


youth ...(..- 




whether .c^.^ 


youths ...(... 




which . /. . 






which have ...L... 





184 SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 

LIST OF CONTRACTED WORDS. 

ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. 

The f<jllowin>f list contains also the Conti-acted Words 
which api)eai-in "Isaa*; Pitman's Shorthand Instructor." 



v^ 



Absti"action bi 

% ackuowledf?e-d 
administrator ' -v^ 
admlnisti-atrix t-^^ 
advertise -d-ment J 
a^iculture-al 

• altojrether < 

antajfonist-ic-ism 

* anything? 

applicable-ility 'n 

^ apiwintnient 
arhiti-ation 'l 
architect-m-e-al 
anstoci-atic-acy ^ 
archbishop ^ 
assemble- d-y }-i 
astonish -ed-ment .} 
atr„ment 1 . 
Baptize-d-st-sm 
benevolent-ce 

>>eniRr"; 

better than 
Cabinet 
Calvinism 
,»-capable \ 
captiiin ~~^ 
catholic { 
celestial ^ 



X 




certificate 

kchai-acter !'. 

, characteristic : "... 

•circumstance d 

circumstantial L<y 

commercial Z^...l 

constitution-al-ly J 

construction U 

contentment k. 

continfjency ^ 

controversy-sial J 

covenant V^ 

cro88-examine-d ) c 
croHS-examination ji " 

Danjjer b 

^ I 

dangerous 7 

December h^ 
defective l-^ 
defendant I 
deficient-cy W 
degeneration J 
democrajj^ V ,— 
demonstrate ^-a 
de8cri]^)tion b— 
destruction J 
destructive 4 
diflSculty A. !!. 
dignify-fied L 



lii 



CONTRACTED WOFD8. 



18j 



v 



di8ap[K)intment Jl^ 

disfhar^e-d Jo 



disinterested- ne88 
displeasure k 



L, 



\r- 



1 






dissimilar en- 
distingiiish-ed 
doctrine h 
domes vie V-tj— 
Efclesiastic-ai 
— efficient-cy-ly 
enlarge-d r 
entertainment 
enthusiasm-ast-astic 
episcopalian js — 

«B especial-ly <^^ 
esquii-e i_ 
essential-ly l^ 
establish-ed-ment 
evangelical ^-v_^ 

* everything v^_^ 

•■example 

exchequer / 

executive 

execut< ir 
executrix . 
« expect-e<l 
expenditxu-e ~^ 
expensive S> 
extempoi-aneous l^ 
extinguish-ed U*- 



^ 



1 



X 






k - 



extravagant-ance 
Familiar-ity V^ . 
February ^ 
■4»tinancial Vo^ 
friendship 
Genfci-ali/,atioii </ 
govem-ed uioiit ^\. 
Henceforth tr^^ 
holiness <i^^ 
Immediate ^ v-» 
immediately '—^'^ 
imi>erfect-ion ^^^^^ 
impossible . /^ 

impracticable ^. 

impregnable ^^"^ 

imperturbable '"^ ^ 
improbable-bly-ility 
incapable ^\ 
inconsiderate k 
inconsistent >P 
inconsistency ^ 
indefatigable S 
indenture ^^ 
independent-ce '^. 
indescribable b— v 

indigna^on ^ — ■ 
indiscriminate b— 

indispensably ts 



bextraordinai*y 



-*1 



individual .Tr.. 
inefficient-cy-ly 
influence 



^-A 



\ 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



^S> 



3-^ 



186 

influenced "^. 

influential 

infoiTU-ed ^"^V. 

informer 

information 

inscrihe-d ...- 

inscription 

ingignificance 

insi^ificant 

inspect -ed-tion "~^ 
instruction u 
instructive L 
insnbordinate-tion ^A» 
insnflBcient-cy-ly ^v^^ 
intelligence J 
intelligent V 
intelligible ^ 
intemperance 1^> 
interest-ed I "f 
investment V 
irregular ^- 
irrespective 6^ 
January O 
journalism <iK 
jurisdiction «j 
jurisprudence <^ 

Kingdom 

knowledge / 

'lieutenancy ' / 

lieutenant-col. ^ 
Magazine ^ — 




I 



^ 



magnet-,"„, ." 

majesty / 
manufacture-d 
manufacturer 
manusorij)! 
mathematic-8-al 
mathematician 
mechanic-al ""^^ 
melancholy ^--^ 
messenger 7 
Methodism ^^ 
metropolitan 'Vx 
ministry T 
misdemeanor 1 
•* mistake C^T. 
mistaken C?^ 

more Ihan 

■ mortgage-d 

Natural-ly 

neglect-ed 

never ^v 

nevertheless ^ 

next v^ 

non-commis- "^ ^ 
sioned oflBcer ^"'^ 

nonconfonnist \^ 

nonconformity v_ 

nothing ^-^■^ 

notwithstanding T 

November V^ 

Object S 



r- 



CONTRACTED WORDS. 



187 



^ipbjection ^ 

objective ^ 

obsciirity >— 
• observation ts 

obstruction ^ 

obstructive o] 

org'anize-d ^-5 

organization \— % 

original ' 

orthodox-y j 

Parliament-ary %^ 

passenger ^ 

peculiar-ity \ — 
• perform-ed K^ ^ 

performs-ance "V^Vo 

performer 

perpendiculai" 

perpetual-ly X/^ 

perspective ^^^ 
philanthropy-ic V.'^ 
philanthropist ^-^y^x 
~ phonographer ^ ^^ 
phonographic ^-j — 
plaintiff ^ 
p? '^nipotentiary 
practice-d-cal- ly 
practicable ^ — t 
prejudice-cial "^ 
preliminary 
prerogative 
Presbyterian-ism "^^ 




\ 







preservation "N^ 
probable-bly-ility ^^ 
productive |^ 
professional \^ 
proficientrcy-ly Nr 
projwrtion *^d \ 
proporti'>nate-ly 
prospect x^ 
prospective \^ 
p\iblic-8h-ed \. 
publication \^ 
Rather ^^ 
rather than -•^'^ 
recognizance / ^^ 
p reform-ed /V_ 
reformation ^^-^ 
reformer /Vc— • 
regeneration L 
regiJar /^ 
relinquish -ed "^ 
remarkable-y >» 
remonstrate /^ 
represent-ed /^ 
representation /o 
representative /\> 
republic 
republican 
repugnant-ce 
resignation 
respect-ed /\ 
respective /-^ 







188 



SHORT 



- I 

- 



- ivsijectively -S. 

ivsixmHible-ility ^ 

resurrection ,-^ 

retrospective /J. 

revenue x\_ 

reverend ^ V. 

" Satisfaction h 

Butisfju'tory j^ 

selfieh-ness ') 

sensibjfi,^ "A 

Septemljer V^ 

sifrnilication '^. 

sinjfulir 'i.y— 

sonietliin^ cr^^ 

stranger \ 

- subject S 

subjection \ 

subjective S 

subscribe-d Sr— 

subscription S*-"^ 

subservient Sj^ 

Bubstuntial-ly > 

substitute-d "^ 

., sufficient-cy-ly v_y' 

superecrilje-d %— 

8ui>ei-scription %^ 

sui-prise ._^ . 

suspect-ed > ^) 
susxjicious \ \ 

Tabernacle k 

temperance Uv 



COURSK IN SHOUTHAND. 

thankfi.-l h 

thanks}fi\inj,'' ''^r-. 
.together ^ 

transcriJje i- 

tvauscript -* 

transcription j . 
transfer (I 
tninsKi-ess i— » 
transjjri-ession tW 
traiisuiission J-d 

transubstantiation ci. 
trilmnal L 



Unanimity ,>• ^_ ,._ 
unanimous 

unconstitutional-ly 

*| undei-8tan<l ^ 
under'^tood Y 
imexampled ":^ ^ 
unexi)ected-ly ^~'^ 
uniform-ity-ly o^"^ 
uninfluential ^r."'., 
uninterestinj? " T 
unquestionable- ly 
unsatisfactory r 
unseltish-ness '^jf 
nrxsubstantial ^^ 

4 Whatever C 
whenever . r .. 

wondei-ful-ly u-^ 
wi'iter .^^ 
Yesterday A 



Tf 



1 



INDEX. 

The fienif^ rifi-r to Ihc [^aruiinit^h^, exccf^t u'lirn- 
f'liite is mttUi,»\cd. 

Acknowlcdgnicp.t 
•Ality. -anty, vir. 

Al.iriiativc fdrms fnr //, fr, etc .. 
Arrunsf-d-t.ent. expressed by iiitpr^ertinn 
.-Ispirate. Tlie ; upward and' downward H 
>< 1. ail. ltd ti> til 

.. .. dot A 

.. ,. til k h 

Attention expressed by intersection 
-•1 nthonty ,. ,, ,, 

H added to »i 

Hank expressed by intersertion 
Capitals 

Cinle s and :. . 
Circle s add^'d to -lion hook 

„ „ used instead of si loop in phra 
Circles and loops prefixed to initial h(H) 
.. added to final hooks 
,. sw and ss 

s. 'w, and ss in phrasing . . 
Cities, Fifty principal 
Company expressed by intersection 
Compound words 
Con-, com-, cog-, cum. Prefixes 

Prefix, omitted in phrases . . 
Consonants 

„ Joining of 

Half-'ength 
„ Double-length . . 

„ Double . . 

.. „ Xanes of 

.. ., Additional 



Vocalizat 

Contractions ano Grammalogs, List f)f 
Alptiabctical list of . . 
for States and Territories 
r> indicated by Halving Principle 
D, half-sized, when disjoined 
Department expressed bv intersection 
Dipliihongs 

„ Places of . . 

» Joined 

„ Disyllabic 

w and r s^cries . . 
Distinguishing V'owels 
Doubling Principle 
Dr indicated by Doubling Principle 

189 



)n of 
page; 
pages 



the 

paf-'c 
«4 to 
IS. 



.Ti to 
«1. 

67' to 

76, 

45 to 



132. 

pagr 
2, 1' 
:<. 1' 

9S t 
KtH I.. 

58 t.. 

84' to 
8.5 to 
\73 to 
184 (o 
page 
98 to 107, 114. 



25 to 



127 
122 



to 

to 



108 to 
108, 109, 112 to 



192 
141 

66 

1.50 

88 

84 

90 

89 

1,50 

150 

84 

1.50 

8 

37 

82 

48 

69 

77 

48 

48 

179 

150 

149 

133 

142 

I i 

It^ 

l«7 

1 ,'i 

(i5 

t^o 

87 

87 

17S 

188 

178 

il9 

99 

K50 

24 

27 

28 

129 

126 

151 

116 

115 



190 



8HOBT COUK8E IN SHORTHAND. 



I'l 



Enter- Prefix . . 

F and N htjoks 

Figures 

Fl, fr, etc.. Alternative fonns for.. 

-/M»n«s, Termination.. 

G, Omission of 

-^r added to ng 

Grammalog defined . . 

Grammalogs alphabetically arranged 

„ and Contractions, List of 

Gw, Double Consonant 
Halving Principle 

Here, Compounds of 

■ility.-arity, etc. 

In-, Contraction for prefix . . 

•ing. Suffix 

Initial hooks t8 straight strokes . . 

, curves 

Inter; intra-. Prefixes 

Intersections . . 

// indicated by Halving Principle.. 

Journal expressed by intersection . . 

K, Omission of 

kr added to ng 

Kui, Double Consonant 

L, Double-length, standing alone . . 

„ Hook, to curved consonants . . 
straight 

„ hooked initially 

„ Stroke, joined to circle and curve 

„ Upward and downward . . 
•lessness. Termination 
Logogram defined 
Logograi.i all. Joined 
Loops St and str 
Lr, Double consonant 



pages 180 to 
pages 173 to 



•ly. Suffix 
Magna-i-e, Prefix 
Medial circle for s only 
•ment. Suffix 
-mental-ity. Suffixes . . 
Mp, Double Consonant 



cannot be halved, 
when to use 



N and F hooks 
Negative prefixes 
Ng hooked 
„ Double-length 
„ Half-length 



hooked initially 

Double-length 

Half-length 



134 
70 to 74 
.. 148 
64 n 66 
.. 146 
.. 147 
.. 110 

y 

183 

178 

84 

d8tol07. 114. 119 

..149 

.. 141 

137, K?*" 

.. IJ 

58. 39 

61 to 66 

. . 134 

. . 150 

. . 103 

. . 150 

..147 

.. 110 

84 

.. 113 

61 

.. 58 

84 

. . r.8 

to 94 

146 

9 

44 

40 to 42 

84 

.. 106 

.. 95 

.. 144 

.. !35 

76 

.. 142 

.. 143 

84 

.. 84 

.. 110 

.. 106 

70 to 74 

.. 139 

63, 110 

.. 110 

.. 106 



38, 91 



INDEX. 



191 



Not. expressed bv Halving Principle ... 

ns. Hss. nst, nstr, .<ftcr a curve 

Omission of media, consonants 

„ w< >rds in phrasing 

r idde<l to »i . . 

F, Omission of 

Party expressed by intersection 

Phonetic spelling 

Phraseography 
Phraseogram defined . . 
Phrase '' of the" 

Phrasing, Circles s, sw, and s$ • . 
Doubling Principle in 
„ Halving Principle in 
„ Injudicious.. 
„ Omissiiiii of con in 
,, „ \v{)rds in 

PI and pr series. Vocalization of . • 

Position, First 

„ St.ond 

Third 

First upright or slanting letter to ocr 
How affected by diphthongs .. 
„ of double-length strokes . . 

„ half-length strokes 
Short and long vowels equally affect 
VVhen unnecessary to observe .. 
Prefixes 
PunctuatioT 
R added t and r . . 

,. i/> by doubling 
„ hook to ../ved consonants 

straight „ ••.,"■ 

„ Half-length upward, not to stand alone 

„ Upward and downward . . 

rd and rt. Final 

Railroad expressed by intersection 

Rer, Double consonant 

cannot be halved 
S, Stroke, when written 

Self-. Prefix 

Sh, how written 

■Shify, Suffix 

Shn preceded by two vowel signs . . 

Shr and Shi, how written 

Similar words . . 

Society expressed by intersection . . 

Sound, Student to write according to 

Suffixes 

r indicated bv Halving Principle . . 

1 . Half-sized, disjoined after / or rf 

„ Omission of 



upy 



78. 79 

.. 147 

120 

.. 147 

.. 150 

1 

29 
29 
43 
48 
.. 116 

. . io:< 

.. 121 

pige 142 

. . 120 

119 

13 

7 

18 
18 



117 t. 



2.S to 27 
.. 115 
. . 102 
'.. .. 23 

.. 1.52 
. . 132 to 139 
8 
84 
.. 110 
62 
59 
. . 107 
15, 49, 75, 96 
. . 107 
. . 150 
84 
. . 106 
52 lo 54 
136 
11 
..145 
83 
63 
..152 
. . 150 
1 
, , 140 t<i 146 
98 to 107, 119 
93 
..147 



192 



SHORT COURSE IN SHORTHAND. 



There, Compounds of .. .. .. .. ..149 

or their indicated by Doubling Principle.. .. 116 

Tick the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 

•tion hook .'. 81 to 83 

Tr. dr, thr indicated bv Doubling Principle 108, 109, 1 12 to 1 15 



ture 

Vowels, First place long 
„ Second „ ,, 

Third „ 

„ between two strokes 

„ Places of 

„ Separate signs for concurrhig 

., Short . . 

Diitinguishing 
Vowel aw joined initially . . 

„ and diphthong, Concurring . . 
„ witliin ss<circle .. .. 

cannot be shown between letters expressed bv 
l<'o]> . . 

indication S5, 83, 91, 92, 93, 96, 105 

Initial or final, necessitates use of stroke consonant 

50, 74, 83, 86, 101, 112, 
Omission of 



111 

12 

4 

.. 17 

19, 22 

..4 to 6 

129, 130 

20 to 22 

.. 151 

44 

.. 130 

47 

51 



rt. 



unaccented sh 
W, Abbreviated 
W diphthongs. . 
•ward. Contraction for 
\Vh, Double consonant 
Where, Conipi)unds of 
Whl, Double consonant 
Wl 

Y diphthongs . . 
■yard. Contraction for 
Z and s circle. . 



126 

56 

. . 126 

122 to 126 

.. 100 

84 

.. 149 

84 

84 

122 to 126 

.. 100 

32 to 37 



The Publishers desire to tender their hearty thanks to 
the large number of Canadian and American teachers 
and writers of Isaac Pitman's Shorthand who have 
offered valuable suggestions for the improvement of 
this work. 



' 



AN 



ABRIDGED CATALOGUE 



OF THE 
PUBLICATIONS OF 



ISAAC PITMAN & SONS 



flTA\AN'3 

SHORTHAND 







ISAAC PITMAN SHORTHAND 
EXCLUSIVELY ADOPTED BY THE 
DAY AND EVENING SCHOOLS 
OF GREATER NEW YORK 



New Yokk: 
^i UNION SQUARE (WEST) 

TORONTO, Canada: 
The Commercial Text-Book Co. 
The Copp, Clark Co., Limited. 



W- 


V 


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AN 



Jiiii., 1907. 



ABRIDGED CATALOGUE 



OF THE 
PUBLICATIONS OF 



^^ ISAAC PITMAN & SONS 



Nkw York: 31 Union Square (West). 



IMPORTANT NOTICE 

Teachers and schools are cautioned 
against purchasing modifications of 
the Isaac Pitman Shorthand sold 
under various titles, which are in 
many instances worthless reprints 
of obsolete editions. The only 
genuine and authorized text-books 
of this system bear the imprint of 
Isaac Pitman & Sons. 



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" A practical anil beautiful book." — Western Penman. 

" Will be of the greatest convenience to all phonoeraphcr-." 

—N.Y. World. 



/ 



ABRIDGED SHORTHAND DICTIONARY. Sole leather - 
round corners, with gilt edges. 224 pages. 85c 

Contains ever 22,000 words, and a complete list of Gramma- 
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THE PHONOGRAPHIC PHRASE BOOK. 40c. ; cloth, soc. 
Containing above two thousand useful phrases in Phono- 
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THE REPORTER'S ASSISTANT. 

132 pages ; 50c. ; cloth, 00c. 
A Key to the Reading of the Reporting Style. 

TECHNICAL REPORTING. 60 pages. 50c. ; cloth, 60c. 

Phonographic Abbreviations for words and phrases commonly 
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CUMULATIVE SPELLER and Shorthand Vocabulary. 

160 pages, cloth, gilt, 75c. 
By Chas. II. Smith, author of "A Practical Course in 
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PITMAN'S 20th CENTURY BUSINESS DICTATIC BOOK 
AND LEGAL FORMS. 272 pages ; size, Si by 7i in. 
Stiff boards, price 75c. ; cloth, gilt, $1.00. 
In ordinary type. Fourth edition. Containing an up-to-date 
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matter for general dictation. Also chapters on Spelhng, 
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Part I. — Business Dictation 

168 pages, stiff beard cover and cloth back. Soc. 

Containing /j//y distinct lines of business. 

Part 2.— Legal Forms and Miscellaneous Selections, etc., 
112 pages, stiff board cover and cloth back. 40c. 

PRACTICAL BUSINESS LETTERS IN SHORTHAND. 

Contains 76 actual business letters in engraved shorthand on 
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letterpress Kev- 

60 pages. 35c. 



BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, No. I 

40 pages, 2SC. 
Containing actual business letters as dictated in American 
business offices and Type Key. The followiuR subjects are 
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'Patents) — Law (Pensions) — Banking — Stocks — Hardware — 
Lumber — Boots and Shoes, etc. 

BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, No. 2. 
r » 40 pages, 250. 

The following subjects are treated : Reil Estate Correspond- 
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surance — Electrical — Boots and Shoes — Lumber — Publishing, 
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BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, No. 3. 

40 pages, 250. 
The following subjects are treated : Advertising Correspond- 
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BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, No. 4. 

40 pages, 250. 
The following subjects are treated : Boiler Appliance Corre- 
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BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, No. 5. 

40 pages, 2SC. 
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BUSINESSCORRESPONDENCEINSHORTHAND,No.6. 

40 pages, 25c. 

The following subjects arc treated : Groceries — Hardware — 
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Also published in the following convenient forms : — 

BUSINESS CORRESPC OENCE IN SHORTHAND, Nos. i 
and 2 in one volum Handsome cloth, gilt lettering. 

back and side. Cloth, 6oc. 

BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, Nos. 3 
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BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, Nos. 
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BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN SHORTHAND, Nos. i, 
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Special Shorthand Edition with'^ut Type Key. 

SHORTHAND IN THE OFFICE. 40c. ; doth, 50c. 

A Complete Shorthand Clerk's Guide. New edition. 



»-*—r»- ilii Mi i 




GRADUATED DICTATION BOOKS. loc. each. 

For ac^ui^ing Speed in Shorthan-^ and Tyrowriting. Adapted 
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and improved plan. 47 pages. No. 1.— Political Speeches. 
No. 2.— Sermons. No. 3.— Commercial. 

KEY, in Shorthand, to the GRADUATED DICTATION 
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PITMAN'S INTERLINED SPEED PRACTICE BOOKS, 

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KEY, in Shorthand, to INTERLINED SPEED PRACTICE 
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An exact Shorthanc reproduction of the printed matter. 

THE SHORTHAND COMMERCIAL LETTER WRITER. 
A Guide to Commercial Correspondence. 40c. ; cloth, 50c. 

KEY to the SHORTHAND COMMERCIAL LETTER 
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Containing all the letters of the "Shorthand Commercial 
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THE SHORTHAND COMMERCIAL LETTER WRITER 
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OFFICE WORK IN SHORTHAND. 40c. ; cloth, 50c. 

Specimens of Work commonly dictated to Shorthand Clerks, 
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KEY to OFFICE WORK IN SHORTHAND. 20c. ; 

cloth, 40c. 
Containing all the letters in ordinary type. 

OFFICE WORK IN SHORTHAND AND KEY, in one vol. 

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PITMAN'S COMMERCIAL CORRESPONDENCE IN 



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THE PHONOGRAPHIC RAILWAY PHRASE BOOK. 20c. 
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8 



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INSTRUCTION IN LEGAL WORK. 40 pages, 250. 

In ordinary type. Bv Henr ' W. Thome. For Court Steno- 
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MILITARY PHRA«?E BOOK. 

( , Phrases in Military Correspondence. 

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9 



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GULLIVER'S VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 40c. ; cloth, Soc. 

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10 



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THE SHORTHAND WRITER. 240 pages. Cloth, gilt. Si. 

A Complete Guide to the Commercial, Professional, and other 

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An American Magazine for Isaac Pitman Teachers and 
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12 



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of interest appear in every issue by contributors of reputation 
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13 






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in 



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e only 
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^c seen. 
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in the 
in typ'-- 
Tiven me 
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York 



and. 



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