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Full text of "Are missions to the Jew a failure? [microform] : a study of official Judaism and Christian missions"

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6 



Are Missions to the Jew 
a Failure ? 

A Study of Official Judaism and 
Christian Missions. 



BY THE 



REV. S. B. ROHOLD, F.R.G.S. 




Published by the 
CHRISTIAN SYNAGOGUE (PRESBYTERIAN.) 
165 EHzabeth Street. 

TORONTO. CANADA. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Th(M-c iiio still found ( 'hiistians who <lo not 
beliovo in conducting missions to tho Jews. 
Some even deny that thosv descendants of Abra- 
ham, Isaac and Jacob can be soundly converted 
to Christ. Comparatively few know anythinjr 
of the great work tluit is 1)eing done amonj; 
thear- "Cliosen IVo|ile" of (Jod or the remark- 
able results. The following pages convincingly 
answer the arguments against the work put for- 
ward by intelligent Hebrews and not by a few 
uninformed Christians. It would be well if this 
most interesting and stimulating leaflet could be 
distributed by tlious;inds among Christians every- 
where, and also among educated Hebrews. It 
will open the eyes of many to the opportunities 
and fruitfulness of Christian missions to the 
Jews. 

The Kev. Sabeti H. K'oliold, the author of these 
pages, is a Hebrew, born and educated in Jerusa- 
lem and converted to Christianity some years 
ago. After laboring for his people in Scotland 
he was called to Toronto, Canada, where he is 
now superintendent of the excellent mission 
carried on by the Presbyterian Church of 
Canada in the "Christian Synagogue." Mr. 
Bohold is president of the Hebrew Christian 
Alliance of America, and is associated in the 
editorial work of the "Missionary Review of the 
World,'' in which magazine this paper first 
appeared. 

DELAVAN L. IMEKSOX, Editor, 
The Missionary Reviexv oj the World. 

New York, Dec. 29, 1914. 



Official Judaism and Christian 
Missions. 



Rev. S. B. Rohold, F.R.G.S. 

What pathos and touching soh'iunity fill 
onr soul, ns we behold Israel with her trjit?ie 
Day of AtonenioTit : with her overburdened 
ritual of a fearful <|uest after peace with 
God "hole nation making a superhu- 

mar . lo appease the anger of Jehovah. 
At ' w time we gaze upon over four 
Inindrca lliousand of the race girded for 
war; for an internecine contest — as far as 
they are concerned, dew is engaged in 
mortal combat with Jew. What aii in- 
human tragedy is being enacted before our 
very eyes! Jewry is driven into nuitual 
enmity imposed by the warring nationali- 
ties. Terrible events are adding a grim 
page to Israel's already tragic history. 

Although this pathetic, continuously 
moving panorama of Israel's bitter condi- 
tion is a living reality to us, and although 
we appreciate Israel's peculiar, bitter and 
helpless temporal condition, yet we believe 
that Israel's spiritual needs are the greater, 
by far, and of vaster importance to the 
C'hurch of God. We therefore, lay aside all 
otlier considers. lions and call the attention 
of the ''watchmen upon the walls of 
Zion," to the attitude of official Judaism 

3 



townrds C'liristisin Missions, tlint on'' minds 
sliould !)(' rl('}ir on tliis important sulgcrt, 
in order wo may he jjuidcd to art in t»n- 
lightenod ohotlionce to the will of our 
blessed Lord, the Christ of God. 



THE JEWISH OPPOSITION. 

The past year was an especially hostile 
year. Not that its bitterness had any vital 
etTeet on active (lospel woi*k amontrst the 
.lews, hut i-ather contrary; as far as 
visihle i-esults are eoneerned, it has been a 
year of reaping, full of Messing and en- 
couragements, lint the IJahhinical opposi- 
tion, in siieer despei'ation — which proves 
i^s weakness — was carried into the pul)lic 
secular press, taking the form of i)r()tests, 
appearing sinuiltaneously in different i)arts 
of tlie world -in London. England, New 
York, the E„ stern and Western States and 
in Canada. We carefully gather together 
practically all these protests and corres- 
pondence on the suhject, from Jew and 
Gentile, and it proved a most interesting 
study. The impartial, studious reader 
wouid at once reali/e where the weakness 
lies. Of all these epistolary protests, un- 
doubtedly the most important one, and one 
tliat was eari-ied on with vigor and vim, 
was that of the learned Rabbi ^Feldola de 
Sola of Montreal. Tie nuule a gloveless at- 
tack on the Lord Bisiiop of Montreal, who 
appealed on behalf of the local Mission to 

4 



the Jews, Tlic cxtciuicd con-cspondrnct'. in 
wliicli otiicr .Ifwisli and Christian divines 
took part, appoan'd in tho ''Montreal (la- 
/ette,** and the arfnuaents <'an he well 
Huninicd up in their own words: — 

1. "We .Jews do not want the (Jospel." 

2. "Why don't yon send nussionaries to 
tlie better ehiss 

;i "Jewish MisHions are a failure.** 
The spiritual diseerner would at o!ieo 
observe that none of tln'iii MM'<litate(i on the 
spiritual si«rnilieanee of the ( hristian re- 
iij?ion, nor do tiiey at all a|)|>reeiat«' the 
demand upon, and the duty of, the follower 
of the Christ of (Jod. Let us examine their 
contentions. 



I. "WE JEWS DO NOT WANT THE 
GOSPEL." 

Do any Kabbis in: ";ine tiuit tiie Chui'eli 
was deeeivin«r itself.' Christ Himself de- 
elared nineteen hunilred years ago to His 
followers that the natural heart is hard 
and that the world loves darkness? The 
Cliureh. obedient to the eoniniand of her 
Lord "to preach the (Jospel to every 
ei'eatui'e, " and "to tiu' .Jew tb'st and also 
to tile (lentile, " eannot possibly be ex- 
pected to stoop down and fail in her im- 
perative duty, simply because it is not at 
once appreciated by those for whom the 
(lospel is so specially desi«rnated for their 
salvation. Jn fact, the Church exists, like 

5 



her blaster, not for herself, but for man- 
kind. To expect Christian people to ex- 
clude the Jew from their missionary pro- 
gram to evangelize the whole world, is to 
expect the Cliurch to undo herself. It is 
to ask the (Miristian people to do what to 
tiiem is an impossibility. The duty of the 
Christian is to proclaim peace through 
Christ. We cannot neglect our duty in . 
relation to the Jews, especially when we 
consider the issue between Judaism and 
Christianity. It is of vital importance, it is 
great and infinite — yea. we cannot possibly 
close our eyes to the peril of a complacent 
acquiescence in all the assailment that is 
being levelled against the Christ of God 
and Christianity by the modern and liberal 
Jewry. The claims of "liberality and 
charitableness," ruude by the modern Jews, 
all go to the wind when we look at their 
mutilated liturgy. They still preserve the 
intercessory prayer to Almighty God, that 
''Minim/' i.e., sectarians, Christians, and 
especially converted Jews, "shavJd have no 
hope." To the Jew in general Christ is 
an impostor, at best, who claimed for Him- 
self the attributes of God. Renan in his 
"Vie de Jesus," influenced modern Jews 
to assume an apparent friendly attitude to- 
wards Christianity. He taught them to 
claim Jesus as their own great teacher, as 
their own inheritance. This was a subtle 
attempt to destroy the doctrine of Chris- 
tianity ' levelling it down to the position 
of a mere ethical religion like Judaism. It 

6 



is on this point of i'tliii's that present-day 
.hulnisni, in its uttitude 'owards Chris- 
tianity, IB like a combatnnt ' 'ho draws eloso 
to his opponent, and tlier recoils in ort\or 
to jfiv»' him n more severe blow. TTen«*e. h't 
us not. he mistsikcn: when we see Jewish 
Rabbis, and other prominent non-Christian 
writers, however highly they speak of the 
person of Jesus, they are strennoiisly en- 
deavorinj? to (h-ny llis absolute Messiah- 
ship and llis undoubted Deity. 

In view of this, for the Christi. ' Chureli 
at sueh a time to nejrleet the absolute eom- 
mand of her Lord to preach the Gospel to 
the Jew, would l)e a crime aorainst her very 
conseienee, and which could 1 \<' only ()nc 
possible ending the undoing oi^ herself. 

n. ''WHY NOT 8EHD THE MISSION. 
ARIES TO THE BRTEB CLASS?" 

The implication would naturally be that 
the wealthy and highly educated classes are 
neglected by the missionary agencies , and 
thus a proof of the inadequacy of its 
methods and the failure of its enterprise. 
Let us at once dispel this illusion! And 
if anyone's mind is thus befogged, we 
would humbly suggest to such to come out 
into the sunshine, and their doubts will all 
evaporate. 

If the wealthy and highly educate-^ have 
not accepted the Christian message, that is 
certainly not a proof of the inadequacy of 

7 



the mcssHgc, nor {igainst its saving? powt , ; 
we venture to suggest that the failure is in 
tlieiiisclvcs. In this respect tlie rich and 
highly (Mlncated Jew is not in a different 
position from the Gentile of the same 
ealihre. 

Look at the plain tacts. Here is a mis- 
sionary who is ahsolutely saturated with 
(lospel truth, an cxjx'i't in (h'aling with in- 
dividuals. What hoj)(' has lie of gaijiing 
an entrance into the lioine of the .Jewisii 
barrister, tlie stockbroker and the rich mer- 
chant and the railroad magnate, with a 
view to winning them for Christ ? In this 
elass nationality is no factor. It is well 
known tliat tlie missionary who ventures on 
such enterprises is at once shown to the 
tloor, or dismissed with scant ceremony. 

Once we look thoroughly into the ques- 
tion, it is not only adeciuately answered, 
but the injustice of it is made bare. The 
Jewisii .Mission should bear this blaine just 
as little as the Home .Mission should be 
held responsible for the fact that so many 
of the wealthy and educated Christians, 
who have turned their backs on religion, 
are not won by missionary efforts. There 
are cultui'ed circles which are not acces- 
sible to a mission in the usual sense. 

Rabbi de Sola, in one of his letters, evi- 
dently thought he was scoring and hitting 
hard in making his attack personal, so he 
]>uts this pointed (|uestioii : ''If Hislutp 
Fnrlliinff (<fnsi(l<rs ctninrsioti io Cliris- 
t'mmty (ssuffial for (mr salvation; if he 

8 



traHy believes that an infinitehj benevolent 
(iod will consign us In lull fin inil<ss ur 
s(( (})e to (!f( irifli hitn, lioir is il llnil In 
lias n( rrr m<nl( <iii all (in pi l<> coniu rl hh 
and mji fdlow lUtbbis! An our souls of 
no i'alu(/ An we snch hardened .sinners 
that we are unworthy of reil< mplion 
Spiritual shortsightedness and the old spirit 
of MrrogHiiee prompts siieh a ([iiestion. The 
(hity of th«' niissionary is to enlighten those 
who are in darkness, iw.d to bring the mes- 
sage to those who have no opportunity of 
knowing it. The learned Rahhi and the 
aristoeratie Jew, hy his uphringiiiir. hy the 
schooling which he lias enjoyed, hy his ex- 
tensive social relations, hy his nienihershii) 
and admission into all kinds of literary 
functions, come in eontaet daily with true 
Christianity. All th.ese splendid oppor- 
tunities are denied to their i)()()rer hrethn'n. 
Their horizon is so much wider and should 
he cleai'cr. The poor Jew is restricted to 
the members of his own class and race. 
His education, at its best, was in a Jewish 
school, in an obscure town in dark Russia, 
which has hardly led him beyond the Old 
Testament, restricteil to the interpretations 
of the Rabbis in the light of the Talmud, 
and even that from a limited viewpoint. 
But the cultured Jew had all the gitat 
problems and (luestions of life ))rought be- 
fore him during the school days which he 
spent in a Christian colle^'e. The Chris- 
tian church year, which he i)assed through 
as a matter of course with his fellow 

9 



scholars, early brought to his consciousness 
the problems of the two Biblical religions. 
Later in litV, tlie (luestion of the true re- 
ligion eamiot remain hidden from him. As 
a lover of music, or as a so-ealled "man of 
culture," he hears the mighty passion of 
Bach, the ''Messiah" and the "Elijah," 
and the rest of the passionate Christian 
music. As a "modern man" he pursues 
tlie discussion, which agitates wide circles, 
of such questions as "Did Jesus Live?" 
"Who was Jesus?" "What Would Jesus 
Do?" He has access to all the latest books 
and manuals, he has the languages to read 
the New Testament and faculties to under- 
stand it. 

We fully agree with Dr. Mahl, the gen- 
eralization that the Gospel is not presented 
to the better class Jews, is far too sweep- 
ing. Of course it is admitted that he 
wealthy Jews — and in tliat respect, the 
wealthy Gentiles as well — stand outside the 
radius of the missionary activities, but this 
does not admit reflection on the missionary 
or his agency. Unfortunately, the aristo- 
cratic Jew is like many educated Chris- 
tians; to read the classics of all nations, to 
be acquainted with the latest n,ovel, is a 
mark of good breeding ; but where the New 
Testament is concerned, a man may con- 
fess he has never read it through, without 
this deficiency in his education being 
greeted with a compassionate smile. 
Finally, the better situated Jew may nearly 
always go to any evangelical minister, who 

10 



would wolcoiue liiin witli open arms in 
order to converse witli hini as to Ins doubts. 
All this, almost without exception, is de- 
nied to the poorer and uneducated Jew. 

No, the missionaries have an absolute 
right to throw back the reproach that the 
mission does nothing for the cultured 
among the Jews. If there is any blame, it 
rests with themselves. J^ut we hope also to 
show that this fallacy that the educated 
Jew is not reached with the Gospel, is cer- 
tainlv not correct, as he is reached with the 
Gospel. Yea, as we hope to prove from 
their own writers, they are even more sus- 
ceptible to the truth than their poorer and 
less educated brethren. The missionary in 
general who possesses the true love for 
dirist, and compassion for winning men 
to Ilim, is always only too happy to meet 
with such, and to help them into a better 
understanding of salvation and a close re- 
lationship with Christ. As long as every- 
thing goes well with a man, and he is 
sufficient unto himself, he will not seek 
after God. But over against these so- 
called better class Jews, stand thousands of 
Jews who struggle with the misery within 
and without, and to whom quest Jifter God 
is a living reality. For these the Christian 
missionary has a living message which in- 
deed suits all men, but which is best under- 
stood bv them. God opens their hearts— 
they bring with them their need, a longing 
for deliverance, for comfort and true free- 
dom, and Christ enters in and makes them 

11 



free. On this aeeonnt the Jewish mission- 
ary activities arc nioi-c tVaslMe and etfee- 
tual ainon^ the less t'oi'tunatc Imt it docs 
not mean that the success is less anionj? the 
hcttcr class. 



m. "JEWISH MISSIONS ARE A 
FAILURE. " 

This ])asclcss accusation is usually ac- 
companied by a three-fold charge: 

(a) "Jt costs $5,00() to convert a Jew." 

())) ".Jewish converts belong to the 
lowest sti-ata of society," 

(c) "J5ad Jews become worse Cliris- 
tians." 

These plausil)le charges are so con- 
tinuously and persistently indulged in, that 
many have conu^ to believe that there is 
some truth in them. It is theiefoi'c amaz- 
ing to lind that all these assertions are 
effectively contradicted by their own Jewish 
leaders. The sadness of the whole situation 
is this, that the minds of these accusers are 
so befogged by the bitterness of their on- 
slaught, that all reason is ignored, and they 
never even halt to consider their own con- 
tradictory statements. 

Let us look impartially into these accusa- 
tions and see what are the facts. Jt is 
lather too late in the day to insinuate that 
-lews wiio become ( 'hristinns, do so from in- 
terested motives. The old theory that it 
cost $5,000 to convert a Jew, has long ago 

12 



been explod<Hl by Jowisli authorities tbem- 
selvos in tbcir ostiniato of the number of 
eonverts. l)Ul. suppose that a .It wish >'is- 
sion has existed lor a year, and has i >t, 
say. .+•').()()(>. and that only one 'lew has heen 
eonverted, (hire we even ask: "Is tliis re- 
sult eoniniensurate with the hibor and 
eost ?" Shall we eonipare 5|?r),()0(), or all the 
<r(^h] on eai'tli. or all the material universe 
of (iod. witii the value of one human soul, 
formed in the ima<;e of (Jod, and capable of 
union and eommunion with llim? But, 
look at the faets. While the Habbis are so 
anxiously lamenting "the waste of good 
Christian money," one of theii- enunent 
leadei's, Professoi- (J. Deutseli. the great 
authoi'ity on -lewish history and bitter op- 
poiu'ut of all Jewish missionary efforts, 
tells us in the "Ameriean Israelite" of 
.Mareh 10th, 191-4: 

"Tlic tot.'il miinbor of ajxistusic!-; from .hidaisin 
ill \ ieiiiiii (luring the year 1!M)S» was HK?, aiul 
the iiunibor of desertions for the last ten years 
lias remained stationary. In a community that 
nuinl>ers about 1SM,()(M) souls, this jiroportion 
of ajiostasies is not <'onsidere<l very great, al- 
though it is by no means insignificant. The 
former pretext tiiat in this number there ar(> 
included many outsiders who cohh^ to Vienna 
for the sake of conxcrsi m. in order to avoid 
notoriety at home, will not liold good any more, 
since the names of the p[>ostates are published 
1)V the Jewish Press. One would think that it 
niight be rather tiie reverse. The lists show 
that losses are found at both ends — amongst the 
most |ironiinent ... d amongst the lowest strata 
of society. »Ve lind laborers and seamstresses 

1.1 



by tlie 8i<lo of lawyers and actresses and the 
representatives of high finance.'' 

Tlu^ "Jewisli Clironit'le," liOiulon, Eng- 
hnn\, tlic most pi-oiiiinent of Jewisli papers, 
aiul which never loses an opportunity of 
attacking Jewish Missions, forgot itself antl 
published the following remarkable state- 
ment : 

*'i)r, Balu lias exaiiiiin.Hl the records of the 
Berlin Jewish community for information con- 
cerning .lowisli apostasy. From this informa- 
tion it is possible to d<'duce a clear idea of the 
secession movenicnt throughout the whole of 
CJcrmany. ... In the period of 1873 to 1906, 
l,S7-4 persons (1.3!ir) males and 479 females) in 
Berlin seceded from Judaism. . . . Besides the 
moral damage which the Jewish community sus- 
tains by . hese conversions it has also suffered 
considerable material loss, through diminution of 
its tax-paying members. The seceders, as a 
rule, belong to the well-to-do classes, and pay 
high contribution's, Tiic annual l0ss to the 
Jewish community through the secession period, 
1887 to 1906, was about 80,000 marks." 

From these statements one can appre- 
ciate the material loss to the synagogue and 
the alarm of the Rabbis, but where does the 
lamenting for "good Christian money" 
come in? 

Look a little closer and see the inconsis- 
tency of their baseless imputations. The 
"eJewish Year Book," published in Lon- 
lon, edited by Rabbi Isidor Harris, M.A., 
and used l)y all Rabbis, mentions the names 
of 500 Jewish celebrities, amongst whom are 
included 85 Jewish converts to Christianity. 

14 



Shall we say that these gi !at, famous incii — 
financiers, astonomers, scholars in Sanskrit, 
in (iiHM'k and Roman chissit'S, in moilcrn 
ianguagt's and literaturr, as well as in 
Arabic, (Mialdaic, Syriac and llclii'cw, his- 
torians, poets, mathematicians, jurists, 
architects, explorers, nmsicians, actors, 
critics, journalists and writers oL* all kinds 
— arc hypocrites.' If so, why does tli 
editor ol' the ortiiodox ^Jewish Year iiook 
glory in them ■ Yet we understand t'lat the 
Jewish synagojjfue could not afford to brush 
aside, as of no account, a body of men which 
embraces persons like the three Ilersrliels, 
the eminent asti'onomers ; »Jacobi, the ma- 
thematician; Sir F. C. Palgrave, the tra- 
veller and historian ; 1. 1. liicardo, the econo- 
mist; F. Ganz, the jurist; Prof. F. Jaffe, 
the historian; .Mendelssohn, Sir Julius 
Benedict and Sir M. Costa, the musicians; 
Sir Closes Salvador, H. Vemberg, the Hal- 
eveys; not to mention Dr. Neander, the 
great Church historian; Dr. Alexander, 
first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem; or 
saints like Dr. Saphir, Dr. Edersheim, Dr. 
Joseph Woolf, Bishop Hellmuth, or Bishop 
Schershewsky, But the protesting Rabbis, 
in the bitterness of their attack, shut their 
eyes to reason and truth, and would have 
us believe that these men were lazy, fools 
or hypocrites who sold their souls for what 
they could get, and were a burden to the 
church; and to our own shame and sorrow 
w^e find that some (J entile Christians have 
been led so far astray as to join in this 

15 



awful cahininy. Xay, these mon have not 
only liclpcd to a(hi lustre to the ehureh, hut 
l>y thcii" lives, woi-ks iiiid uritiii«rs, have 
iiionMcd I he lives iirid cluii'JH'tcr of tlioii- 
s^lll(ls within the ehureh. These, and these 
only are the men of whom the Jewish 
people ean honorably he proud; for they 
jire the nu'U of Isrjicl. who, luiviny; enufrht 
the ti'iie vision of (lod. }is I'evcjiled in ( 'hrist, 
ioilowed Him to the vccy (ijirden of (ictli- 
seniane. losing; all, Torsaki'n, hated hy their 
dearest and l)est, left alone in the wilder- 
ness and tempted hy the devil; yet. they 
emerjred through the fire and eame out more 
than eon(|Uerors, rejoieinji: in their Lord, 
or such the nation ouglit justly to be 
proud. 



DAMAGING EVIDENCE. 

Hut i)erhaps the most damaging evidence 
of all against the unworthy assertions of 
enemies of Missions to the Jews, has eome 
to light through a dissension among their 
eminent Icadci's. The Chief K'ahbi of Lon- 
don. Kngland. delivei'cd a I'emarkahle ad- 
dress on Saturday. A])ril 25th, 11)14, on t e 
subject, "Does Reform Lead to Apostasy'/" 
and in making his bitter attaek on Reform 
Judaism, lie stated: ".\V> womUr that a 
Hinnlxr of such ' h'ahhis' liarf in flu course 
of oH( <jni< ralion ptihiich/ r(ii(/inic<(l 
'Judaism, or ()<n\< oinr to Chrisiianifij — an 
unheard of thing in all the preceding thirty- 

16 



thi'fv <'rnhn-i<s of nnr (Int/mml liislnrif."' 
Aft«»i* inontionin^ iihiiics of <M'rtain IcaiiiTs 
who have ivnoiinccd .Iiidjiism, he con- 
cludes: "7'n(lnil f'ulhj Ifi/ll IIk aposhlsiis 
(iHionf/ I. M. \\'is( '\ ( roiiiulcr 
of tlic Kcl'oniu'tl .Icwisli ( 'ollcy;!', Ciii- 
cinatti) frhmls ami pu/tils trftiihl rrijiiin 
n mono(jraj)li.'* Tliis. of j'oursc, woke the 
indignation of Prof. (Jotthnrd Dciitsch, 
who iiindc }i most powerful oiishiuj^lit on the 
Cliiei* l\nl)l»i ill the 'Mewish Chronicle" of 
June 2Gtli, 1!)14, and in his i-ettilintion he 
gave a wonderful list of orthodox Kahhis, 
and particularly sons of these Rabbis — 
amongst those whom he mentions, the off- 
s|)rin»; of one of his j)i'edeeessoi's in the 
office of Chief liahlti of Britain — who have 
I'cnounced .Judaism in favor of Protestant 
('hristianity. The know!ed<?c of Dr. 
Deutsch on the subject is simply marvel- 
lous. The only reji^ret is that his article is 
so exhaustive that we <-annot jjive it in full, 
yet we think it would he helj)ful to have 
it repi-inted on some future occasion. Dr. 
Deutsch has unconsciously done eminent 
service to Christianity by giving us a list 
of converts which we never had before; he 
also ])rov()ked Professor Daiclies to chaiii- 
])ion the cause of orthodox .Ju<laisiii. and 
ill his defence he gave us a list of the Ue- 
formed Rabbis and their offspring w ho have 
renounced Judaism for Christianity. 

Thus, by the dissensions of these cham- 
pions of .ludaism, we have received new 
light on the subject, and tlamaging evidence 

17 



to nil their hasolcss charges. What we 
marvel at is that these Jewish leaders are 
80 short-sighted and still persist in their 
unfounded aeeiisations. 

The result of this eorrespondeiice could 
he well suimiied up hy tiie (juery put by 
Mr. Louis Kletz. in the "Jewish Chroniele" 
of July :ird, 1014: 

"The controversy between the Chief Rabbi 
and Dr. (?otthar<l Doutsch, whilst interestinj? 
from an aeadomic point of view, is unsatisfy- 
in>? in the sense that it does not seem to lead 
anywhere in particular. Dr. Hertz condemns 
'Reform' as a natural road to ai)Ostasy, and in 
proof of his contention, cites the case of certain 
Reform Rabbis who have been converted to 
Christianity. Thereupon Dr. Dcutsch comes 
along with a series of facts and figures which 
tend to show that, in so far as it affects Rabbis, 
apostasy is just as frequent in orthodox Jewry, 
until tiie man in the street is left to wonder 
whether Rabbis are not especially susceptible to 
the allurements of conversion." 

On our part, we are bound to say that 
in our experience, no one is more suscep- 
tible to Christianity than the Ra])bis; if 
we could only bring thoni seriously to con- 
sider the claims of Christ, then Christianity 
is theirs. 

The l)itterness and inconsistency of the 
'Mewish Chronicle" has no bounds. A 
few months ago this paper of official 
Judaism published a full page photograph 
of the Right nonoi'a))le Riifus Isaacs, who 
was promoted to be Lord (.'hief Justice of 
Great Britain, the highest office in the 

18 



power of the Crowii, as well as being raised 
to the peerage. In full ecstasy of glorifica- 
tion, they told of the deeds of this lieioie 
Jew, i\m\ pointed out how one con hi l)e 
siicli a loyal .lew and yet receive tlie iiighcst 
honor of state. But in the "Jewish 
Chronicle" of October 2nd, li)14, we read 
of an extraordinary event. The Hon. 
Gerald Isaacs, tiie son and heir of this 
very Lord Chief Justice, married the 
(laughter of another well-known Jew, Sir 
Alfred .Mond. Baronet, P.C., and 
both accepted Protestant Christianity, and 
were married at the Holy Trinity Church, 
London, England! Of course the "Jewish 
Chronicle" makes a bitter attack on both 
these children of Israel. "Why do they 
not stamp this couple as 'bad Jews becom- 
ing worse Christians!' " 

The same "Jewish Chronicle" of Janu- 
ary 2nd, 1914, in congratulating the Right 
Honoral)le Lord Burnham, the fhiet' pro- 
prietor of the "Daily Telegraph," upon 
the attainment of his eightieth birthday, 
after fully eulogising the greatP'' of this 
remarkable man, comments thus .s con- 
version to the Christian faith: *'As a 
newspaper, the "Jewish Chronicle" ojfers 
fraternal greetings io Lord Burnham. As 
a Jewish newspaper it cannot forget that 
his Lordship found himself unable to re- 
main in the community in which his familg 
was cradled. This is a rrcollcction—and 
we say it franldg— which is a regret table 
one, for we do not produce so many men 

19 



inul H'DHH n nf rttnuufnuliHff ( (ilihrr llidl trt 
1(111 ajjOnl ht Inst tnu so tlisi infjidslml us 
Loi'd Burnham/' Kvidi'iitly liord hum- 
ham doi's not come um1i>r tlu» catoffory of 
a '*l)ad Jew iMH'oming a wom* Cliristijin." 
Ill conwrsiiii? with a handing Kabbi 

jllxMlt this vexed (lUcstioil of vclioiuoiis 
lijitc. ;iii<l niter sti';iiiiiii«r liiiiiself to n'wt' 
an a(le(ni}it(' reason, we ventured to (jiiote 
to him tilt' oft repeated elaHwe verse: 

" 1 <li> not WUo veil. Dr. Kell. 

Tlic rc.Mstiii wliy, I rmiiiot tell; 
But tlii^ I Know, ami know full w«>ll, 

I do ii(»t like you, l>r. Fell." 

There is one more important line evi- 
denee that proves rather refresiiinjr, seeiiij? 
that we find modern .lewry has at hist 
produced some who dare to speak lioiiestly 
on tills very suhjeet. Jt was a pleasant 
surprise to tind the eminent representative 
of official Zionism, Dr. Arthur Kupin of 
Pah'stine. veiitiiriii*r to piil)lish a remark- 
ahle hook, entitled "The -lews of To-day." 
For frankness we must styh' liim a nt'W 
"asset" to the moch'i'ii Jewry. He flatly 
contradicts the popular sing-song that 
Christianity has failed to reach the Jews. 
After an analysis of .lewisii hai)tisms in 
ditf'erent countries throui^hout the world, 
and in speakini; of missionary estimates of 
adult l)ai)tisms. he says: 

"It is fjuitf^ conccivMblc that in his approxi- 
inato calculation of 204,")00 .Jewish baptisms in 

20 



tlic lOtli century, hf not only <loe« not excettl 

tli«' iirtuiil iiuiiihVr, but may jtiMliaps fall sli^xhtly 
slH.it of it. !t must Im' notUMMl tliiit tins lifiun- 
.ih lu.lf.l ii.itlHT .fowish convortH to (lisHiMitMi;; 
crotMlfi, nor hapt isms ol" . liil''.! m nt' iiiixol mar- 
ria.M's. . . . Tho ostiinatf <»f U>,tMMi .li-ws I.imiij; 
l.apti/«'d fvcry yt'iir falln far short from a«tanl 
fact." 

Dr. Hiipiirs uiH'oiiscious tcstiuiony tlisit 
till' !isc('ii(|}iiit'y <>i* Cliristisinity luis siiiu-r- 
scdcd .ludsiism. slioultl imike »'very »h'W 
pause awhih*. Lvt tlu» (MiriHtiaii also taki' 
note of his remarkable statement: 

"In tlio fust t<'atuiiis iHttuo aii«l at'tfi 
Christ, .lu«l»is»m was, iinlml, a jfreat attra^ti\t 
ton-.' witli tiic lifatlicn, ami tli.To was a v«'ry 
considorablo muiiiImt of .li'wisli jH-osolytes. But 
this sjin'aU of Jewish taitli cfascd ahiutst »n- 
tir.'lv at the ond o\' tlio first "oiitury, A.D. 
I'aui's proi.ajiainla, an.l tiit- or(,\\ injr strciigtli of 
iMiristianity, /o«* ///^ w/'"/ '^"'5 . • • • 
Fii.iii ti.at time onward tlu* .h'wisii mission was 
ro.ji'fted ill I'avor of (,'liristiaiiity. " 

Furtliennore, he unconseionsly jyivcs mu 
effective reply to the two fjuuilijir Iiiil»l)ini- 
<'al aeeusations against the Christian 
ehiireh, viz. : 

1st. "TliJit converts are only of tlie poor- 
est and lowest strata of soeiety.** 

2n(l. "That the (Mnireh is afraid to go 
to the rieh and the edueated." 

He divides the .lewisli eounnunity into 
four elassos. The foiirtli lie classities as 
the lu'st and noblest, and says: "Jn llic 
f(,u>-lli class, irhicit includes rich Jews of 

21 



the capitals and Jews of university train- 
ing, baptism, for the children at least, has 
almost Ixcomc the rule." 

As to tlio second aceiisiitiou, lie says i'or 
tlie cultured, rich and educated, there is 
no need for a missionary — they themselves 
drift into Christianity, as the result of 
coining in contact with Christian influence, 
education and environment. But the 
strongest asset of Christianity is inter- 
marriage. If a Jew is baptized a Chris- 
tian in the ordinary way he is ostracized, 
])ut when one marries outside tiie t'aitli he 
is naturally looked upon with complacency. 
Dr. Kupiil concludes his arguments with 
the following declaration: 

"The ecoiioniical ])rogress of the .lews, and 
the growing culture of their surroundiugs, make 
it clear that the answer must be that an in- 
crease in baptisms is all that can be expected." 

In the face of all these evidences from 
their own sources, we ask, ''Are Missions 
to the Jews really a failure?" 

There is a remarkable answer given in 
the "Jewish AVorld" of September lath, 
to the query, Why do Jew^s hate 
those who have accepted Christianity? 
viz., '^The answer is to he found in Ihe zeed 
of those men so often displayed against the 
rock from which tliey were hnrn." This 
l^roves their short-sightedness, because 
here is their own evidence of the zeal of the 
converted Jews to win their brethren for 
Christ. 

22 



The wlioli' «'()ii<liti(m of tlic Jowry is so 
l;micntMl)l(\ tliat we cjnmot do hotter tlian 
(luotc from tlio orthodox Jewish Year 
Book the *'He 'Atid." vvhi.-li in reviewing 
the Jewish eondition, in agonizing language 
cries out: 

"Despair has overtaken us, for we no more 
l)elieve in a imrpose, ncitlicM- in tliat whi.-h the 
former simple faith had invented, nor in that 
recently invented 1)V the exilic Judaism. We no 
longer "see any mcanin^^ in our mis(M-ahle ex- 
istence . . . Where is flie way, and where the 
wav out, and where is salvation? .... Neither 
Zionism, nor the indifferent national aspirations 
satisfy our souls, which thirst after a new 
spiritual and moral life." 



THE OUTLOOK. 

Those of us who are standiiij? upon the 
walls of Zion and watehin«f Israels pe- 
culiar condition, do not despair in the 
least There has never been a time in 
the Jewish history when the Jews have 
been more honestly endeavoring to hnd the 
truth and learn about Jesus dirist, than 
at the present time. There has never been 
n time when the Jews have so entirely 
overcome all fear of the Rabbis and lead- 
ers and are openly attending Missions as 
to-day, and as soon as they are convinced 
they take a definite stand. This has been 
not only our own experience, but tlie ex- 
perienee of the missionaries in the iiller- 

23 



cut \}nr\s of tlic world. All reel that tlioiv 
liHS been a point of contact establisluHl be- 
tween tlic Jews and (Miristianity witli 
wliicli no Rabbinical anatlicnias can pos- 
sibly intci-fci'c. Tbc ycai- lilU must be 
i-ccop-iii/cd by all laborci's anion«»st Israel 
as a year of progress and fruitai^e. There 
are extraordinary opi)ortunities before tlie 
Church of Christ, and tbe whole situation 
is so momentous — the position so tremen- 
dous and crucial, that the Church cannot 
atford to halt for a moment.