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Full text of "Circular of Harmony Female College, Sumter Mineral Springs, also called Bradford Springs, South Carolina, for 1859"

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Rev. GILBERT MORGAN, A. M., President, 

Professor of Mental and Moral Plulosophy ; Instructor in Natural Philoso- 
phy and Astronomy, History and Criticism. 

Directress in Social and Domestic Duties. 

In Latin and Greek, Mathematics and Experimental Philosophy. 

Perspective, Drawing, Crayon, Oil Painting, Composition. 

FREDERICK R. DOERIXCKLE, University of Marburg, Germany, 

Professor of Music — Piano, Guitar and Vocal — and Teacher of the German 



Assistant in English Studies and Literary Exercises. 

Instructress in the French and Italian Languages. 

Assistant Teacher in Music. 

&£££!&> *&^$, 

Course of 1 ustntdtoit* 

The studies, after suitable age and preparation, 
are arranged iD four successive classes, designated 
by the usual College words, Freshman, Sophomore, 
Junior and Senior. 


Arithmetic, Geography and English Grammar, 
reviewed and critically studied ; Willson's History of 
the United States ; Book of Commerce ; Historical 
parts of the Bible ; Exercises in reading, spelling, 
defining, analyzing, and writing. The study of 
Latin or French, Music or Drawing. 


Algebra and Geography ; Science of Arithmetic, 
demonstration of rules; Smellie's Philosophy of 
Natural History, with illustrations of Anatomy and 
Physiology, by plates and dissections. 

Willson's History of America (Library Edition) ; 
Critical Study of the English Language, Town's 
Analysis and Webster's Dictionary, 8vo. edition, 
for daily use through the course ; Graham's Syno- 
nims ; Rehearsals ; Compositions ; one or more orna- 
mental branches. 

ijeniao — — -»s§§^ 


Natural Philosophy, with experiments ; Trigono- 
metry and Mensuration ; Willson's Outlines of His- 
tory, with review of Ancient and Modern Maps; 
Blair's Rhetoric (University Edition) ; Cleveland's 
English Literature ; Philosophy of Mind ; Eviden- 
ces of Revelation, Alexander; Compositions and 
Essays ; one or more ornamental studies. 


Karnes' Elements, with Analysis of Milton, 
Shakspeare, and American Literature ; Moral Phi- 
losophy, Alexander and Winslow ; Astronomy, with 
Demonstrations ; Chemistry, with Experiments ; 
Butler's Analogy ; Interpretation of Language crit- 
ically applied to the Constitution of the United 
States, Romans, Hebrews and Isaiah ; Compositions, 
Essays, and written Analyses ; Review of Studies ; 
Plan of future private study and self education; 

lUmarfcs oit tjje Course of j^intics* 

1. A diploma, executed by the best artists, under 
the signatures of examiners, is bestowed upon such 
as complete the course with reputation for deport- 
ment and learning, including one of the languages 
in addition to our own. 

2. The whole plan, aim and action of the insti- 
tution is collegiate. Students of a proper age and 
preparation enter, not for a year, but the class for 
which they are prepared, and to complete an educa- 

tion. The most competent judges have for years 
approved, and in strong terms, this system in plan 
and practice, as omitting nothing essential, includ- 
ing nothing that can be spared, skillfully arranged, 
and thoroughly taught. 

3. The Senior year is of vast importance. It is 
the professional part of a woman's education ; 
guiding her thoughts, conversation and character 
through life. The experience and observation have 
led many impartial judges to express their convic- 
tion, that in no Seminary in the State are music, 
drawing, painting, finer taste, more graceful man- 
ners, and freedom in conversation, and all that 
makes an accomplished woman, more successfully 

4. No views of science and literature are so 
sublime, so practical, so transforming, as the facts, 
doctrines, literature and life of the Bible ; the Ser- 
mons, Bible studies and daily worship of the Col- 
lege claim a most important efficiency. The reli- 
gion of Jesus Christ is the best part of all educa- 
tion, the ornament of all ornaments. The motto, 
" Esse qaam viclert" To be rather than appear, is 
the living genius in maturing an exact, liberal, 
ornamental, magnanimous education. 

5. As there is no preparatory school, no cheap 
teacher, no day scholars, a pupil not prepared to 
hold a standing in the Freshman Class is intrusted to 
some of the Faculty to ensure due preparation. 
Many who pursue studies at home preparatory, are 
so far advanced as to enter the Sophomore Class ; 
experience shows that three years are required by 

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the young to do justice to the studies of the two 
last classes — Junior and Senior— especially when 
Music, or Painting, or Languages, have occupied 
considerable time. 

6. That our graduating pupils may derive all 
possible advantages in bringing to maturity their 
various studies, and in making the first year a seed- 
time to their harvests, special arrangements will be 
made for a class of resident graduates to spend 
May, June and July at the College. The Presi- 
dent will deliver a course of Lectures on Sacred 
and Civil History, while music, and painting, and 
select daily reading may give a pleasing employ- 
ment to the hours. The expenses will be placed 
at a low rate, as the best interest and happiness of 
the young ladies will be the object. 

iTotatioit, fmttrmp, ^jipratas, jfibrarjr* 

Location. — " The high hills of Santee " have been 
celebrated ever since the camp-fires of Cornwallis 
and Greene. The most distinguished point is called 
''Bradford Springs;" in Colton's National Atlas, 
"Sumter Mineral Springs.' 1 The College occupies 
the northern summit of this picturesque range. 
The horizon stretches afar in every direction ; the 
landscape is ever varying and charming. The largest 
spring, pure, cold and refreshing, supplies the 
College with the best water in the world. The cha- 
lybeate spring is a pure oxide, with no salts or sul- 
phur, agreeable to the taste, and of great efficacy. 
Physicians and travellers concur, that no place in 

sr^s§§3< **mg&& 

the whole country can be more favorable to per- 
fect health, at all seasons and to all constitutions. 
It would be easy to add testimony from restored 
invalids, fortified by the experience of many citizens 
from lower parts of the State, whose summer resorts 
are in the vicinity. The dryness of the air, the 
fresh breezes in summer, reducing the heat many 
degrees, the exemption of fruits from frosts, with 
absolute immunity from all bad influences, mark the 
eligible location of Harmony College. 

Buildings. — The centre principal edifice, near 
200 feet by 40, with upper and lower piazza, with 
a wing from the centre of fifty feet, and three cot- 
tage buildings, combine the best accommodations 
for comfort, safety and improvement. These are 
recently painted and in excellent repair. 

Gentlemen familiar with such matters have ad- 
visedly stated publicly that $40,000 would be inad- 
equate to erect and furnish a College equal to this 
in its present condition; a much larger sum has, 
doubtless, been appropriated to the several costly 
enlargements. Most of the sixty rooms are larger 
and more comfortable than can ordinarily be found 
in College architecture. When our number does 
not exceed fifty, which number we wish to have 
and no more, there can be one room for each two. 
Pupils live not as boarders, but as daughters. 

Apparatus. — The apparatus contains the best in- 
struments made in Boston, New York and Philadel- 
phia, for illustrating Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, 
Electricity and Electro-Magnetism, costing over one 
thousand dollars. 

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The newest and best Maps and Globes for the 
study of Geography, Travels and History. 

Seven Pianos, mostly new and the best, and other 
Musical Instruments, and a choice collection of 
Music by the best composers, rooms for practice, 
well chosen and furnished, leave nothing wanting 
to ensure success. The advance in Music has been 
the greater, by having not more than the Professor 
could teach, and the Assistant can animate by her 
own skill and performance. 

The Library contains interesting volumes suited 
to excite a taste for useful reading, biography, tra- 
vels, literature, poets, historians ; the best writers on 
moral and mental philosophy and literary history. 
A room is furnished for the free access of pupils to 
read and consult — receiving the best periodicals 
and constant additions. 

The distance of fifteen miles from the rail-roads, 
Camden, Sumter, Mayesville, is a small trouble or 
expense twice a year, compared with a residence 
free from village associations and city interruptions. 
The cheerful and animating life, a contentedness 
and uniform happiness and health of pupils, wast- 
ing neither time nor money, and with most favora- 
ble things towards the Christian life — all bespeak 
the confidence of parents, and merit an enlightened 

Collie §m\ 

The sixth year opens on the first day of Febru- 
ary, an undivided term of forty weeks. It is of 



great importance for pupils to return, and appli- 
cants to be present, on the very first day, Tuesday. 
The first week is closed with an examination of the 
first principles, definitions, mode of study, and ad- 
justment of classes, &c, and has special import- 
ance. The examinations of classes at the close of 
the week, close of the month, and of the year, are 
found to ensure success, and ought not to be inter- 
rupted by voluntary absence. The last week of the 
term is occupied with a critical examination of each 
class in all the studies of the year, of the graduat- 
ing students in the principal studies of the whole 
course, and by a committee of invited gentlemen. 


The great aim of the College is to cultivate a vol- 
untary self-government, a cheerful, polite, animated 
deportment ; to treat Mr. and Mrs. Morgan as act- 
ing parents, to whom they are entrusted, with feel- 
ings of confidence and esteem. They are sure to be 
treated and regarded in this sacred relation more 
as daughters than as boarders; and the civilities 
of private families are expected. In all these per- 
sonal respects the College is a private family and 
not a hotel. There are no laws, usages, restraints, 
no advice or reproof, unless for the real good and 
happiness of the pupil. 

Every employed and salaried teacher is expected 
to act up to a faithful, polite and unselfish character. 

Daughters at this College have ordinarily no more 
use for pocket-money than when at home ; and ex- 
perience has uniformly given evidence, and clearly 



shown that it is for the good, the healthy comfort 
and politeness of our pupils, to receive all their 
meals at our table, and to rely on the abundance, 
variety and savory quality. Sending boxes can 
give place to other tokens of home affection. When 
asked in letters, it is usually a child's play, or to re- 
pay an invitation. 

We hope the year 1859 may be allowed to record 
the results of a cheerful compliance, by pupils and 
parents, with this request. 

Instruction and Board for the college year, . $150 
Music on the Piano or Guitar, . . . 40 

Pianos for daily practice, $1 a month, . . 10 

Vocal Music in select class, ... 5 

Drawing and Perspective, . . • . . 20 
Crayon, . . . . . . > 30 

Oil Painting, ...... 40 

A reasonable charge will be made for use of 
Paintings Gopied. 

Library, $1 ; Conveying Mail, $1 ; Washing, 25 
cents a dozen. 

Articles broken or damaged, charged in bills. 

One hundred dollars paid in advance, and bills at 
the close of the year. Deposit money returned in 
case of sickness. 

Books, stationery, music, stamps, candles for pri- 
vate use, are entered iu account. 

Deductions are made for absence from continued 

•SSsSS^^* — ' *B^55l£jg! 

(Brcthtates of 1854. 


Influence of Music and Painting on Social and Moral Character. 

Miss MARY DUDLEY, Marlboro: 
The Claims of Astronomy in the Education of Woman. 

Miss ANN ELIZA WHITE, Sumter: 
The Writings and Character of Lord Karnes, Paley, Butler and A. Alexander. 


Beginnings and Endings, with Fareioell Address to her Classmates. 

Unfinished Studies, and Valedictory Addresses. 

The Anniversary Address by the Rev. B. M. Palmer, D.D. 

©rataates of 1856. 


Miss VICTORIA LAW, Darlington: 

The Philosophy of Want and Desire. 

Miss JULIA LAW, Darlington : 
The Preeminence of Moral Beauty. 

Mrss VERMIELLE HOLLYMAN, Bishopville: 
The Law of our Nature to Perfect our Undertakings. 



Miss ELLEN DICK, Sumter: 
" Esse quam Videri." 

Miss ELIZABETH W. BREARLEY, Darlington : 

Maris Perfection in the Search of Truth and Practice of Virtue, with the 

Valedictory Addresses. 

The Anniversary Address by the Rev. G. C. Gregg. 

(BSraitmta of 1857. 


Poverty an Incentive to Genius. 

[This excellent scholar died in the Christian faith August, 1858.] 

Miss MARY E. DURANT, Sumter : 
Elevation of Character. 

The Philosophy of our Imperfect Beginnings. 

Miss ELIZA JANE GREGG, Marion : 
Cicero's View of our Senior Studies. 

Miss JENET MATHESON, Camden : 
Study of Science a Source of Pleasure. 

Miss HELEN KENNEDY, Camden: 
The Oneness of Creation. 

The Connection of the Sciences. 

Miss LOUISA J. MILLS, Salem: 
Poetry of the Bible. 

Comparison of Human and Divine Workmanship. 



Miss LAURA E. WELLS, Salem: 
Scotland's Bard. 

Miss CALLA KENNEDY, Camden: 
Biography of Women. 

Miss MARY A. M'LAURIN, Stateburg: 
The Unity of the Human Race. 

Miss AGNES E. S. ENGLISH, Salem : 
The Power of Culture, with Valedictory Addresses. 

The Anniversary Oration was pronounced by the Rev. T. R. English. 

©raittafes of 1858. 

Miss MARY JANE McLUCAS, Marlboro. 




The Senior Class Elect, the Junior of 1858. 

Miss J. COIT, Miss M. J. COOPER, Miss E. McFADDIN. 






The reverend gentlemen who presided at the examination in 1856, com- 
municated to the public their estimate of the practical operation and merits 
of this system of female education. 

The Rev. D. E. Frief.son prepared the report for the Southern Presbyte- 
rian : 

"Mr. Editor, — On the 18th and 19th of November, I attended the an- 
nual examination of Harmony College. Quite a large collection of persons, 
chiefly the parents, guardians, relatives or friends of the students, filled 
up the hall of recitation. 

" This Seminary is located in Sumter District, fifteen miles north of 
Sumter Depot, on the very summit of the Hills of Santee. The coun- 
try is beautiful, agreeably undulating, and eminently healthy, having fine 
water, and exempt alike from the physical and moral contagions to which 
more public places are exposed. 

" The buildings and grounds are the property of the Rev. Professor 
Morgan, President of the corps of teachers. The influence of this school 
upon its pupils is of a very benign character. The students seem evi- 
dently to love and respect their teachers ; and judging from the frequent, 
the tender and affectionate, and yet exceeding sensible allusions made 
in their compositions to the various classes, the different members of the 
Faculty and to one another personally, much kind feeling and a moral sen- 
timent of an elevating character must prevail. Indeed, sir, while I sat as 
a spectator on nry first visit to that institution, and listened to those com- 
positions read by the Junior and Senior Classes — almost all of them per- 
vaded by an elevated moral sentiment, and some of them by profound 
religious truth — I felt that the studies and exercises of this Seminary must 
6e of a very elevating character. I felt that a scholar must not only ad- 
vance here in intellectual attainments, but in moral excellence. One of 
the Seniors read a composition upon the subject of * Our Wants/ which 
struck me forcibly. The reader was grave, collected and serious, and her 
soft female voice breathed forth strains of piety in well poised and elegant 
sentences. Her heart evidently responded with emotion to the sentiments 
of her own composition, and having concluded the piece with dignity, she 
sat down with signs of deep feeling. 

" Another one of the Seniors, and undoubtedly a very superior scholar, 

W&35&— — ■ »s*S53£& 



read a valedictory composition, consisting, for the most part, of short ad- 
dresses to the various professors and classes, but filled with so much ten- 
derness and pathos, kindly expressed, that the whole auditory was reduced 
to tears. The address to the President was especially touching, such as 
he could by no means resist. The reader, however, so firmly controlled 
her own evidently strong emotions, that the whole exercise was sustained 
with dignity and entire success. Almost all the compositions were praise- 
worthy, and some of them handsomely interlaced with Latin quotations. 

" The studies to which the Junior and Senior students of the institution 
attain are of a high grade ; the very best and highest classics in English, 
French, Latin and Greek; Butler's Analogy; Paley, "Wayland, and Alex- 
ander's Moral Science; Kame's Elements ; Virgil, Horace, Tacitus, <fec. 
The recitation upon these studies would have been creditable to the grad- 
uating class in South Carolina College. The answers to questions were not 
simply yes or no, but affirmatives and negatives, sustained and braced with 
reasons — little short discourses — giving the examination something of an 
interlocutory character. The students seem to be trained to THIXK. 
We do not care about terms, give us the ideas, the teacher would say, and 
the pupil would produce an analysis of the argument contained in the 
chapter. They are taught to analyze, dissect and examine, until they 
come to the true thread of an argument. Thus, we had from the Senior 
Class a threading of the argument in the Epistle to the Romans and He- 
brews. Books are unlocked with this key. 

" Professor Morgan has a peculiar facility in leading his scholars to 
think for themselves. His method of teaching, therefore, is highly dis- 
ciplinary. It stimulates and developes mental activity. Though some- 
what advanced in years, much vivacity characterizes his instructions. 
Great good nature and amiability encourage his pupils to plunge with 
him into the abyss of thought. He seems to secure the entire esteem of 
his pupils. 

" The recitation rooms of the institution are lined with vivid philo- 
sophical and astronomical charts, with globes and orreries, upon which the 
recitations and explanations of the classes were exceedingly interesting. 
He has added to these an entire room of apparatus, at a cost of eight 
hundred dollars. These, however, were not brought into requisition on 
this occasion. 

" The mathematical recitations, under the instruction of Mr. Gilbert 
Morgan, son of the President, were certainly the best I ever heard from 
female students. Some of the finest ratiocinations of Legendre were traced 
to their conclusions with ease and regularity. The whole of Davies' Le- 
gendre is reviewed by the Senior Class. Specimens of Oil Painting and 
Drawings, by pupils under the instruction of Miss Margaret Morgan, were 
admired by all present. 

" The Musical and French departments, conducted by their respective 
teachers, were entirely successful. During the performance of a quartette, 

riS^^— — ■ -»£9§£Sg; 



Mr. Melichar stood between two pianos, and with both hands kept the 
time of the four performers. 

" As the President placed in the hands of the six graduates a rich copy 
of the sacred Scriptures, as his last gift to his class, the Rev. G. C. Gregg 
pronounced an able and appropriate address. I hope the instructive 
thoughts and convincing arguments of that address will be placed before 
the public eye. 

" This institution certainly exemplifies a very superior mode of instruc- 
tion, in which mental discipline is, to a high degree, attained ; and the 
self-government, the freedom, animation and graceful deportment of the 
young ladies were observed and admired by all. If there is any defect in 
the complete routine of studies, it is probably in the simple study and art 
of English Elocution. In this, however, it is not alone — there is probably 
no institution in the land where it is attended to as its importance de- 

" It is certainly a crowning merit of this College, that religion presides 
over all its departments. 

" The expenses, I understand, are moderate. D. E. F." 

The undersigned, as a Board of Examiners, with the Rev. D. E. Frier. 
son, signed the Diplomas of the six Graduates, and we do cordially con- 
firm what he has said in the above communication. 


The Anniversary of 1857 was reported in terms 
of strong approval. The Music and the Painting 
were greatly admired, as well as the refined taste of 
all things. 

The uncommon advancement made during the 
year 1858 in the cultivation of Instrumental and 
Yocal Music, gives a certainty that the same persons, 
Mr. Doerinckle and Miss Ronzoxe, by their eminent 
skill, kindness and extra efforts, will secure special 
advantages to every pupil in Music. 

No parent need apprehend any relaxation in care, 
expense, fidelity or success in any department. 


f rabBteri) of fjarmonjL 

The following preamble and resolution were 
adopted by The Presbytery of Harmony, at its 
recent stated meeting, in October, 1858 : 

The subject of Female Education commands the 
attention of the public with an increasing interest, 
because of the association of Christian Education 
with the welfare of the State and the prosperity of 
the Church. This Presbytery feels a deep concern 
in the success of those Seminaries which afford good 
facilities for the education of our daughters, and 
would volunteer the following recommendation 
of Harmony Female College, located at Bradford 
Springs, in Sumter District, to wit : 

Resolved, That this Presbytery does hereby re- 
commend Harmony Female College to the con- 
fidence and patronage of the people, as a Seminary 
for Female Education, giving facilities for mental 
and moral training equal to any other Collegiate 

Geo. C. Gregg, 

Stated Clerk, Harmony Presbytery.