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IRational jfarm Scbool 

2»o?lestown, pa. 


May ist, 1899. 

Digitized by the Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witin funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 

IRational Jfarm Scbool 

Doi^lestown, ipa. 


May ist, 1899. 

School Calendar. 

WINTER TERM 1899.— Eleven Weeks. 

Tuesday^ January lo. — Winter Term begins. 

Friday^ February lo. — IMid-term Examinations. 

Friday^ Marcli 2^. — Examinations at close of Winter Term. 

SPRING TERM 1899.— Ten Weeks. 

Tuesday^ March 28. — Spring Term begins. 

Friday^ April 28. — Mid-term Examinations. 

Tuesday and Wednesday^ June 6 and j. — Examinations at close 
of year. 

June 8 to September 11. — Summer Industrial Period. 

FALL TERM 1899.— Fourteen Weeks. 

Mo7iday^ September 11. — Examinations for Admission, 

Titesday^ September 12. — School Year begins. 

Friday^ October 2'j. — Mid-term Examinations. 

Friday Dece^nber 75, — Examinations at close of Fall Term. 

December ly to January 2. — Winter Vacation. 

Board of Directors. 


Ralph Blum, 
Herman Blumenthal, 
James L. Branson, 
Adolph Eichholz, 
Herman Jonas, 
Morris A. Kaufmann, 


Harry E. Kohn,-,-" 
Joseph Krauskopf, 

AI. H. Lighten, 
Samuel D. Lit, 
Howard A. Loeb, 
M. M. Newman, 
Arthur Rosenberg, 
Ely K. Selig, 
Isaac H. Silverman, 
Benj. F, Teller. 


Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, D, D., President, 

Residence, 124 E. Upsal St., Germantown, Pa. 

M. H. Lighten, Vice-President. 
M. M. Newman, Treasurer. 

Harry C. Hoghstadter, Secretary, 

Office, 242 Franklin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ralph Blum, 
James L. Branson 


Adolph Eichholz, Chairman, 

Morris A. Kaufmann, 
Joseph Krauskopf, D. D. 

Auxiliary National Board. 


Sacramento— H. Weinstock. 


Denver — Solomon Holzman. 


Atlanta — S. Landauer. 

Chicago — Leon Manrlel. 


ludiannpoUs — Abe Weiler. 


Davenport — David RothschihL 

Leavenworth —Bernard Flesher. 

Louisrille — Bernard Bernheim. 


New Orleans — Isidor Hernsheim. 


Baltimore — Dr. S. L. Frank. 


Boston — Godfrey Morse, Esq. 


Kansas City — Sol. Block. 


Natchez — Henry Frank. 


Santa Fe — B. Seligraan. 


New York — Nathan Straus. 


Oincinnati — Benj. Pritz. 


Portland — Benj. Selling. 


Pittsburgh — A. Leo Weil, Es(. 


Nashville — Josef Koorts. 


Dallas — Philip Sanger. 


Salt Lake City — Simon Bamberger. 


Richmond — Sol. Binswanger. 


Milwaukee — L. L. Tabor. 


Montreal. — B. A. Boap, Epq. 

Ladies' Advisory Board. 

Mrs. Ralph Blum, 

" Solomon Blumenthal, 

" Morris Bamberger, 

" Adolph Eichholz, 

" Martha Fleisher, 

" S. Friedberger, 

" Henry Heyman, 

" Henry Jonas, 

" Morris Kaufman, 

" Andrew Kaas, 

" Joseph Krauskopf, 

" Morris Langfeld, 

" Samuel D. Lit, 

" Isaac Leopold, 

Mrs. Herman Loeb, 

" Joseph Loeb, 

" Louis Loeb, 

" David Netter, 

" M. M. Newman, 

" Abram Rosenberg, 

" Arthur Rosenberg, 

" M. Rothschild, 

" Sadie Schloss, 

" Isaac H. Overman, 

" S. Snellenburg, 

" Julius Sundheim, 

'• Jacob Weil. 


Dr. F. SCHWARZLANDER, Jr., Doylestown, Pa. 



Faculty of 1899. 


Professor of Agriculture and Horticulture. 

R. B. ECKLES, B. S. A., 

Assistant Professor of Agriculture and Superintendent 
of the Farm. 


Professor of Mathematics and History. 

W. G. BENNER, V. S., 

Professor of Veterinary Science. 





Occupation at Time 
of Admission. 


Raymond Ci<yde Becker, 


Attended School, 

Pine BluflF, Ark. 

Benjamin Benjamin, . . . 


Employed in 
Printing Office, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Joseph Goi^dman, 


Cigar Maker, 

Chicago, 111. 

George Wallace Ibaugh, 


Attended School, 

Wilmington, Del. 

Isaac Kaufman 



Pine Bluff, Ark, 

Samuel Kolinsky, .... 



Philadelphia, Pa. 

Morris Lebowitz, .... 


Picture Frame 

do. • 

Abe Mayer, 


Pupil at Orph.Asyl. 
Baltimore, Md. 

Danville, F'a. 

Morris Mitzman, 


Stock Boy, 

Jewish Foster Home, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jacob A. Norden, 


Employed in Store, 

Chicago, 111. 

Solomon Pizer, 


Attended School, 

Jewish Orphan Home, 
New Orleans, La. 

Harry Rich, 



Jewish Orphan Home, 
New Orleans, L,a. 

Israel G. Tennenbaum, . 


Apprentice in 
Machine Shop, 

Hebrew Orph. Home, 
Atlanta, Ga. 

HarrV Weinberg, .... 


Attended School, 

Jewish Foster Home, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 




Occupation at Time 
of Admission. 


Louis Burd, 


Employed in 
Cloak Factory, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Charles Solomon Heller, 


Employed in 
Stationery Store, 


Louis Hirschowitz, .... 


Employed in 
a Cloak House, 


Abraham Newman, .... 


Attended School, 

Jewish Foster Home, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

William J. Serlin, .... 



Jewish Orph. Asylum, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Lazarus Schwari'z, .... 



Hebrew Orph. Asylum 
Baltimore, Md. 



In the Summer of 1S94, the Rev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf, of Philadelphia, 
visited the Jewish Agricultural School at Odessa, Russia. In this School, Jew- 
ish boys were being instructed in theoretical and practical agriculture with the 
object of fitting them for managers and instructors of Agricultural Colonies. 
The zeal which the boys displayed in their work, the pleasure they found in its 
pursuit and the high degree of success attained by the School in question, fur- 
nished very strong proof that the common belief that the Jew no longer cared 
for or was capable of successfully living a farmer's life, was entirely erroneous. 
It also suggested a solution of some of the social problems arising from the 
congestion of the population in large cities. 

After months of agitation, upon Dr. Krauskopf's return, sufficient funds 
were secured to purchase a farm and erect a school building, which, while wel- 
coming all students, regardless of creed, may satisfy the demand of a large 
number of Jews for the opportunity to prepare themselves for agricultural 

On April loth, 1896, The National Farm School was incorporated. The 
farm of 122 acres near Doylestown, Pennsylvania, previously purchased for 
$10,000, was thereupon conveyed to the Corporation. On June 20th, 1897, the 
School building was formally dedicated. In addition to a residence, carriage 
house, barn and stables, and dairy, upon the ground at the time of purchase, a-- 
greenhouse, pumping station, poultry houses and pigeon house have since been 
erected. There are also in the course of construction, through the bounty of 
various individuals, a Chapel, a Rose house and a Laboratory. It is free of 
all incumbrances. 

The School is easy of access from Philadelphia, a Railroad Station being 
upon the grounds. 


It is the purpose of the board and management of the National Farm 
School to train the young men entrusted to their care along such lines of in- 
struction as will make of them practical and scientific farmers well equipped 
to successfully carry on various branches of agriculture. 

The question comes. How is this to be done ? Why is there necessity for 
school training ? Such questions are easily answered. The farming of to-day 
is not the farming of a half century ago ; nay, even a decade ago. To-day 
agriculture has become a great scientific and practical study, advancing by the 
exercise of the brain as well as the brawn, until all lines of this art have be- 
come based upon scientific and practical knowledge. This industry, as others, 
is met by keen competition ; hence the necessity for a curriculum of studies, 
aimed to equip young men with ability to meet this competition when following 
the bread winning industry which supports the busy millions of our great 

This has been done by arranging studies in agriculture and its kindred 
branches on the same general basis as courses are arranged in medicine, law, 
engineering, mechanics, etc. That such a procedure is possible is no longer 
disputed. Our most successful up-to-date farmers throughout the East and 
West are those who have had this special training. If it be contended that to 
teach the beginner he should be apprenticed out for a period of years to some 
thrifty and successful farmer to learn the profession, it should at once be 
pointed out that in nine cases out of every ten experience has taught that such 
a course is suicidal. 

The thrifty farmer has neither time nor patience to give such instruction 
as is requisite. The whys and wherefores are omitted. The young man fails 
to grasp the meaning of things, sees nothing in it but drudgerj' and disap 
pointments and the whole results in his seeking some other employment. If 
on the other hand the fundamental principles were thoroughly and systemati- 
cally mastered in a course of theory with practice, he would come into posses- 
sion of such information as would be lasting. 

As this is an age of specialties in all lines of work so is farming made up 
of specialties, among which are dairying, stock raising, fruit growing, poultrv 
raising, etc. The course of instruction at present in vogue in the school is so 
arranged as to permit a student to devote his attention more particularly to the 
specific lines to which he seems fitted. The entire course is designed to teach 
the sciences that underlie practical agriculture, together with sufficient Eng. 
lish, mathematics, literature and such other supplementary studies as will sus- 
tain both scientific and practical agriculture, thereby raising the agricultural 
student to the intellectual level of the educated. Special attention is given to 
industrial work during the school period, which extends from September to 
June. The instruction in class room in a general way takes up the improved 
methods used in the various operations of farming, use of farm machinery, 
management of- crops, value of fertilizers, treatment of stock, etc. Special 
stress is laid upon industrial work, to which several hours are given each week, 
and it is made parallel, wherever possible, with class room instruction. Such 
operations as dairy work, care of cattle, poultry keeping, plan of crops and 
cropping, greenhouse and nursery work and many other lines are carried out 
during the Winter months, while the Spring and Fall are employed in planting 
and harvesting the crops. Different phases of the work are systematically 
arranged to fit the different years of instruction. One day each week during 
the school year is devoted to manual labor on the farm and during the Summer 
months students carry on the farm operations. 



The Necessity for the National Farm School. 

The answer to these questions is very simple and can be stated in a few 

The students in the State Agricultural Colleges, have, with but few excep- 
tions, been farmer boys. They come prepared with a certain amount of practi- 
cal knowledge. Our students are young men who have been taken from urban 
pursuits. Many of them have never lived upon a farm. Consequently, the 
end to be attained by us requires the maintenance of an Institution such as the 
National Farm School, where farming is taught from the beginning. 



TThe course of study covers a period of four years and is so arranged as to 
give a thorough training in practical and scientific agriculture, with opportu- 
nity to specialize in any one particular line of farming which may be chosen. 

Following are the subjects as they occur in the respective years : 

First Year. 

(The figures denote the number of hours per week.) 


Algebra, 5 

English, . . . . 5 
Agriculture, • • • 5 
Freehand Drawing,' 2^ 
Military Drill, . . 4 
Industrial, .... 5 


Algebra, 5 

English, 5 

Bookkeeping, ... 5 
Freehand Drawing, 2 
Military Drill, ... 4 
Industrial, 5 


Geometry, 5 

Bnglish, 5 

Live Stock, 3 

Botany, 2 

Military Drill, .... 4 
Industrial, 5 


Geometry, 5 

Physics, 5 

Soils and Soil Manage- 
ment, 5 

Botany, 3 

Theme Writing, ... 2 

Elocution, I 

Military Drill, .... 4 
Industrial, 5 


Civics, 5 

Analytical Chemistry, 5 
Horticulture, .... 5 
{a) Vegetable Gar- 
(b) Small Fruit Cul- 
Rhetoric, ...... 5 

Elocution, I 

Industrial, 5 

Agricultural Bacteri- 
ology, 5 

Comparative Anatomy,5 
Horticulture, .... 5 

I/iterature, 5 

Industrial, 5 

Second Year. 



i Hygiene of Farm 

Agriculture, . . . 

• 5 

Animals, . . . 


Economic Entomol- 

General History, 




Horticulture, . . 


Physiology, . . . 


Dairying, . . . 





(a) Class, . . . 



{d) Laboratory, 


{a) Class Work, 


Elocution, .... 


[d) Laboratory, 


Military Drill, . . 


Elocution, . . . 


Industrial, .... 


Military Drill, . 


Industrial, . . . 

5 . 

Third Year. 

Stock Feeding, ... 5 
Agricultural Chemis- 
try, 5 

Biology, 5 

Botany, 3 

Dairying, 2 

Elocution, I 

Industrial 5 

Fourth Year. 

Veterinary vScience, . 5 
Horticulture, .... 3 
Agricultural Physics, 5 
Agriculture, .... 5 
Industrial 5 


Geology, 5 

Botany, 2 

Laboratory, i 

Breeds and Breeding, . 5 
19th Century History, 5 

Zoology, 3 

Elocution, I 

Industrial, 5 


Agricultural Econom- 
ics, . . 

Field Crops and P'arm 
Management, . . . 

Agriculture, .... 


■ 3 

• 5 

• 5 
Industrial, 5 


The farm contains 122 acres of exceedingly fertile land, every foot of 
which is tillable, making it possible to carry on diversified farming, so essential 
to the instruction given in the various subjects considered. The farm also con- 
tains several acres of timber land affording three fine groves. The farm is 
stocked with thoroughbred and grade stock. The buildings for grain, stock, 
and machinery are ample. Improved tools and implements are in general use. 
A farm dairy is operated almost entirely by the students. On the ground may 
be found a vegetable and truck garden, orchard, nursery grounds, these together 
with the greenhouse make practical industrial work in horticulture possible 
throughout the entire year. 

The main building is fitted up with dormitory rooms, class rooms, librarj^ 
reception rooms, dining rooms and ofl&ces, and is lighted by gas and heated by 
steam. The buildings are supplied with spring water. The library contains 
several hundred volumes and a reading file of the leading daily papers and 
agricultural journals. Illustrative material for class room and field work is 
being constantly added. 


The maintenance of good behavior and order in the dormitories and about 
the buildings is strictly adhered to. Detail and industrial work must be thor- 
oughly and carefully done. Students failing to conform to the rules and regu- 
lations of the institution will be immediately dismissed. 


The following is the program for each day except Saturday, Sunday and 
Monday during the school period : 

5.30 A. M., Rising Bell. 

5.45 A. M., Details. 

6,30 A. M., Breakfast. 

7.00 A. M., Inspection of Rooms. 

7.15 A. M., Drill. 

7.45 A. M., Study Period. 

8.45 A. M., Chapel, 

9.00 A. M. to 12 M., Class Exercises. 

12.15 P- M., Dinner, 

i.oo to 5,00 P, M,, Industrials, 

5.00 P. M., Details. 

6.00 P. M., Supper. 

7,00 to 9.00 P. M., Study Period. 

9.45 P. M., Retiring. 
Meeting of Farm School Literary Society takes place every Saturday at 
7.30 P. M, Monday is devoted entirely to industrial work. 


I. — An applicant for admission must be between i6 and 19 years of age. 

2. — He must pass a thorough entrance examination completing the com- 
mon branches equivalent to the entrance examination into the High School. 

3. — An applicant must be in good health. A physician's certificate, ac- 
cording to the form prescribed by the Trustees, must accompany the applica- 
tion. Where practicable, a physician will be designated near the residence of 
the applicant, from whom such certificate mtist be obtained. 

4. — An applicant must be of good moral character and able and willing to 
perform hard out-door work. Satisfactory references must accompany the 
application, and wherever practicable, the recommendations must be submitted 
by the applicant to and be endorsed by the member of the Auxiliary Board 
representing the State in which such applicant resides. 

5.— Preference will be given to the applications of graduates of Orphan 
Asylums, or other like charitable institutions. The number of admissions will 
be dependent upon the annual income of the School. Applications will be 
considered in the order in which they are received. 

6. — A limited number of pay students will be accepted at a charge of |200 
per annum, payable semi-anually in advance. In lieu of this fee, the Trustees 
will accept the written pledge of a sufficient number of reliable persons agree- 
ing to contribute annually, for four years, membership dues to the amount of 
|200. (The dues are as follows : — Friends, I25.00 per annum ; Patrons, |io.oo 
per annum ; Members, I5.00 per annum.) 

It is estimated that the charge of |200 per annum will merely cover the 
expenses of the student's maintenance. 

7. — When an applicant shall have been notified that his application has 
been favorably acted upon, he must come to Doylestown, Pennsylvania, at his 
own expense, and must come provided with seasonable clothing for one year. 

The outfit must consist of one heavy overcoat, one suit for Sabbath wear, 
one school suit, two pairs of working shoes, one pair gum boots, one pair of 
slippers, three suits of heavy underwear, three suits of light underwear, one 
dozen pairs of socks {Yz dozen light, >^ dozen heavy) one half dozen collars, 
two pairs cuffs, two bosom shirts, six working shirts (two winter, four summer), 
two night shirts, one dozen handkerchiefs, two pairs of overalls, two blouses, 
one hair brush and comb, one tooth brush, one umbrella, three neckties, one 
hat for Sabbath wear and one working hat. The articles of clothing will be 
marked by the institution. 

8. — The receptacle for a student's personal effects must not exceed in size, 
that of an ordinary steamer trunk. 

9.— Before any student shall be admitted, his parents or guardian must 
release all control over him from the time of his entrance until his completion 
of the four years' course, or until such prior time as he may, in the discretion of 
the Board, be discharged therefrom. Such parents or guardian must also waive 
all claim for compensation for services which he may render in or about the 
school or the farm thereunto belonging. 

This Regulation is made in order to enable the Board to encourage the 
student in the pursuit of his studies and to protect him against any possible 
ill-advised interference of relatives. 

10. — It is the intention of the Board to gradually develop a plan by means 
of which the advanced students will be enabled to obtain compensation for 
their work upon the farm. This plan, when adopted, will be purely in the 

Ida M. Block Memorial Chapel. 


flr? ■■> f-KPJ'.-i'^gBBr: 

Design for Zadok Eisner Memorial Chemical Laboratory. 


interest of the students and for the purpose of encouraging them in the pur- 
suit of agriculture. Any payments that may be made to the students, will 
therefore be in the discretion of the Board. 

II. — Applications should be made at least one month before the opening of 
the school year. Such applications to be sent to the Dean of the institution. 


The Second Annual Meeting was held on Sunday, October 9th, 1898 at the 
School Building with the President, Rev. Dr. Krauskopf in the chair. 

The By-Laws as revised by the Special Committee appointed by the Board 
of Directors, were unanimously adopted, After the presentation of the vari- 
ous reports from which extracts are published in the present pamphlet, an elec- 
tion of ofl&cers and directors of the board was held and resulted as follows : 

President, Rev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf Vice-President, M. H. Lichten. 
Directors : Herman Blumenthal, Morris A. Kaufman, Arthur Rosenberg, Ely 
K. Selig, Isaac H. Silverman and Benjamin F. Teller. The other directors 
holding over are : Ralph Blum, Joseph L,. Branson, Adolph Eichholz, Herman 
Jonas, Harry E. Kohn, Samuel D. Lit, Howard A. lyoeb, M. M. Newman. 

After the election of officers, Mr. James L. Branson, cfne of the Directors 
read a paper upon ' ' The Importance of Agriculture, ' ' which is reported in full 
in the present pamphlet. 


In the afternoon the members and visitors assembled in front of the elab- 
orately decorated Succah where the ceremonies attending the dedication of the 
Greenhouse presented by her children, as a memorial to Rose Krauskopf was 
dedicated. An eloquent dedicatory address was delivered by Rev. Dr. Henry 
Berkowitz, a brother of Rose Krauskopf, and the Greenhouse was accepted on 
behalf of the School, by Adolph Eichholz, Esq., of the Board of Directors. 


After the conclusion of these exercises, the assemblage proceeded to a plot 
which was designated as the site of the chapel, to be erected by Mr. Sol Block 
of Kansas City, in memory of his deceased wife, Ida M. Block. Here Dr. 
Krauskopf broke the ground for the chapel shortly to be erected, and delivered 
an address upon the life and character of the noble woman in whose memory 
it is to be constructed, 


It was not until the ist of April that we came in possession of our farm 
the lease of the tenant, whom we found on these grounds when we purchased 
the farm not expiring till then. Our farm to-day is, by reason of improve- 
ments, worth several thousand dollars more this year than it was a year ago. 

Acreage Under Cultivation. 
Besides the improvements there were cultivated in all by the boys, under 
the direction of the superintendent and his two assistants, 26 acres of grass, 
17 acres of wheat, 5 acres of oats, 3 acres of rye, 8 acres of potatoes, 15 acres 
of truck, 12 acres of corn and 4 acres of orchard, in all 90 acres. 

Pioneer Work of Pupils. 

Your Board has at times had scruples as to whether it was right to employ 
the boys at so much and at such hard pioneer work. But it saw no other way. 
The improvements had to be made, and to have employed outside labor would 
have been to increase our financial difficulties. To the credit of the students 
it must be said that they understood the difficulty, and cheerfully did all they 
could to lessen our burden. Theirs is the consciousness of having been the 
pioneers of this institution, and of having gained a valuable knowledge which 
our future students may not get ; and ours is the satisfaction of having con- 
tinued out of debt, despite constant and perplexing drains. Our plant to-day 
represents a value of probably |4o,ooo, and not a cent of debt rests upon it. 

* * * * Until the public fully awakens to the social and economic im- 
portance of the work attempted here, the Board will probably have to continue 
to struggle, and teachers and pupils will probably continue to be harrassed by 
educational privations. ***** 

Pupils Anxious to be Admitted. 

They who first prophesied that we would never get pupils to take up this 
noblest of all callings have lived to see within the but one year's history of 
this institution scores of capable and deserving lads knocking at our door for 
permission to devote themselves within these walls and on these grounds to an 
agricultural career ; but, alas, denied admission for the lack of the necessary 
funds for their training and maintenance. 


Donations of implements, stock, books, furniture, clothes have been quite 
plentiful and very encouraging. We have already been mentioned in the 
bequest of one who passed away the other day. 

A memorial green house is to be dedicated to-day, and ground is also to be 
broken to-day for a memorial chapel, the latter the donation to this institu- 
tion from a family located some 1500 miles from the spot on which the chapel 
is to be erected. Three hundred dollars have also been donated towards a 
laboratory fund, and one hundred dollars towards fitting up a sick room. 

Three scholarships of |2oo each, to be paid annually, have been donated to 
the school, a number of the teachers have cheerfully rendered their ser\nces 
gratuitously during the past year, and some of them have promised a continu- 
ance of the same during the coming year. A number of families in the city 
have extended a hearty welcome to our boys to their homes during the holi- 
day vacations, and have made their stay enjoyable to them in every way. 

* * * -yr T]3e most encouraging sign of all is the zeal manifested on the 
part of the pupils themselves. 


Our Students Love the Pursuit of Agriculture. 

They have evinced, despite many hardships and discouragements, a love of 
agriculture that furnishes the most powerful proof that our youth, more especi- 
ally our Jewish youth, can be weaned from the crowded, stifling city life and 
debasing sweatshops and petty trading pursuits, and made to love the free and 
open country and its noblest pursuit. 

Almost uniformly they have been industrious and eager to learn, contented 
with their isolation and gentlemanly in their deportment. Their health has been 
exceptionally good. The average increase in their weight in the one year has 
probably been twenty-five pounds, and the size of muscle they have developed, 
and the ruddiness of their complexion, might well excite the envy of the inhabi- 
tant of the crow^ded city quarters, and of the pursuers of indoor vocations. But 
theirs has not been a physical development only. It has been a mental growth 
as well. Most of them have made excellent progress in their studies, and the 
backwardness of the few who did not is to be attributed to their insufficient 
preparation before they entered our school rather than to a lack of application 
on their part. * « * * * 

Increase in Number of Students. 

The twelve, with whom we commenced a year ago, have increased to but 
fifteen during the year, the low state of our finances not allowing us to admit 
any more, and the new class to be started next week is to consist of but seven 
members, and it was a long and vexing problem with the Board before it was 
enabled to decide to admit even that many. The others applying, among them 
deserving graduates of orphan institutions, must be denied admission. There 
is willingness enough in the Board to accept them, but, unfortunately, it has 
not the means. These difficulties niaj'- be somewhat removed in the near future, 
when the institution may become more and more self-supporting through the 
sale of farm products. - * * * A professional gardener has been added to 
the teaching force of the institution. Our stock and implements have been 
materially increased. The path leading from the station to the school has been 
turned into a lane and named in memory of little Margaret Kaufman, whose 
parents have taken a deep interest in the upbuilding of the institution. Arbor 
Day commemoration has been instituted, and is to be an annual observation, 
on which trees are to be planted and named in memory of supporters of the 
school who have departed this life during the year. Eighteen such trees were 
planted and named on last Arbor Day. 

Our Institution has Grown in Popular Favor, 

Our institution has grown in popular favor and has even found imitators. 
Inquiries concerning its mode of operation have reached us from far and near ; 
prominent visitors to the institution have been frequent, among them a repre- 
sentative of the government of Venezuela, Senor Miguel J. Romero. 

What will our Graduates Do. 

It may probably be of interest to mention that the matter of placing our 
students after graduation has already engaged the attention of friends of the 
institution. A colonization society has recently been organized in this city 
that proposes to place itself under the management of one of our students as 
soon as graduated. A large and well-equipped farm in the centre of this State 
is ready to be turned over to one or more of our graduates under the most 
favorable conditions. A friend in California proposes to take up 400 acres of 
choice California land on which to give some of our graduates a start. Another 
proposes to interest a number of our suburban public institutions, more especi- 
ally our larger cemetery associations, to engage the services of some of our 


graduates as keepers and gardeners. * * * There need, therefore, be no fear 
that our boys will not be duly placed in positions in which they will be able to 
use to advantage the training acquired here. 

Our institution offers a solution of the social problems arising from the 
congestion of the population in large cities. 

It is generally acknowledged that in the encouragement of the over- 
crowded and unemployed population of the city in pursuit of agriculture lies 
one of the most practical and beneficial solutions of the vexing slum and 
sweatshop problem. Here a practical attempt in that direction is made. The 
good to be achieved by this institution is to serve the benefit of all. It ought, 
therefore, to command the support of all. It ought to have the hearty co-ope- 
ration of the large public and not of the few Board members only, who have 
labored faithfully and self-sacrificingly, and to whom I desire to express here 
and publicly my most heartfelt thanks for the ever helpful aid they have ren- 
dered to me, the President of your Association. I also desire to express my 
thanks to the Superintendent, Matron and the assistants for their services ren- 
dered, to the various teachers, who have kindly given this institution their 
gratuitous service ; to the many donors, who have favored the institution with 
various gifts ; to the press, as well as to the many supporters and friends, 
whose kindly help has made possible whatever success we have been able to 
achieve in the short space of one year, and under the many hardships that have 
beset our path, Jose;ph Krauskopf, 

President of Board. 


On the day following the last annual meeting, October i8, 1S97, class-room 
work began and was continued, with a ten days' vacation, until the end of 
March. The subjects studied were mathematics, arithmetic, algebra, rhetoric, 
history, botany, agriculture (general), composition and political economy. 
These were distributed to cover sixteen recitation periods a week. 

In connection with the studies during these months, the students per- 
formed the work done in connection with the barn and school building, and 
assisted in other necessary winter work, cutting and storing about fifty tons of 
ice and pruning both of the orchards on the farm. 

With the opening of Spring the active work in the field began. Unfortu- 
nately the farm was under lease until April i, which greatly handicapped the 
management in beginning and pushing the working of the soil during the 
beautiful weather in March. And this being followed by the almost unprece- 
dented wet April and May made it next to impossible to prepare the soil for 
planting during that time. The bright moments, however, were busily em- 
ployed in clearing up places where the rubbish of years had collected, fixing 
and resetting of fences and work of this nature. ***** 

The conduct of the institution being yet in an experimental stage, and the 
students having never had any experience in field work, it was deemed advis- 
able to make no attempt to raise anything in the truck line for market, but to 
confine oitr efforts to providing for home consumption. But we have passed 
the mark set, and have disposed of Some produce and more will be sold. 

It is too early in the season to give a statistical yield of the various crops 
harvested, but partially they may be estimated as follows : Prime hay, 40 tons ; 
wheat, 350 bushels ; corn, 1000 bushels ; potatoes, 400 bushels. These, besides 
the product already mentioned. G. S. VOORHEES, 



The membership of the National Farm School at the last annual meeting 
consisted of S life members paying lioo, 29 friends paying I25 annually, 60 
patrons paying ;^io annually, 530 members paying fc.oo annually, 16 contribu- 
tors paying $3.00 annually. Total, 643. 

Our membership at the present time is as follows : 23 life members paying 
|ioo, 32 friends paying $2^ annually, 84 patrons paying $10 annually, 605 mem- 
bers paying $5 00 annually, 29 contributors paying ^3.00 annually. Total, 773. 

Deducting from this sum 23 life members at $100 each makes the present 
annual income from membership f 4, 752, showing a gain for the first year in 
membership dues, exclusive of the gain of 15 life members, the sum of $729, 
or a gain of ^2,229 from all memberships. 

The support from the city of Philadelphia is about one-half the total 
receipts, though the number of pupils hailing from Philadelphia is but one- 
third. Of the other two-thirds one comes from Maryland, one from Delaware, 
two from Illinois, two from Georgia, two from Touisiana, two from Arkansas. 

A number of methods have suggested themselves to us as beiug probably 
able to secure for our school the larger support which we must have to carry 
out its larger purpose. 

First — The Membership Committee in the city of Philadelphia must be 
greatly increased, in fact every member of the board, if not every member of 
the society, ought to consider himself one of its committee. 

Second — A national representative must be employed to canvas cities and 
towns to make the objects of the school better known among the people and 
to secure a large support from among them. 

Third — Great efforts should be made on the part of the present supporters 
of our enterprise to visit the school frequently, to bring with them such of 
their friends as are not yet affiliated with our school, and to make such visits — 
not as generally done on Saturday and Sundays when the boys are not at work, 
but, if at all possible, during the week when the boys are engaged in their dif- 
ferent farm work. It is the opinion of your committee that our institution suf- 
fers most from an insufficient understanding and appreciation of the magnifi- 
cent work here attempted and partially alreadj" achieved. To be known it 
must be seen, and once seen the institution seldom fails to win for itself admi- 
ration and hearty support. 

Your committee, after having labored in this cause for several years, after 
having well considered its aims and objects, after having deeply looked into 
its possibilities, have arrived at the conclusion that, though there are many 
noble educational and charitable institutions in the city of Philadelphia, there 
is none more deserving of the hearty support of the people than the National 
Farm School. Not only are carefully selected lads trained here within these 
grounds, in one of the noblest callings known to man, but of what we may 
feel proudest of all, here no sectarian lines are drawn. We make no distinc- 
tion of creed amiong our pupils. All capable and deserving boys are welcome 
here. Our limitations are only of means, not of sect. Had we the means the 
question we would ask of young men applying here for admission would not 
be " To what faith or creed do you belong?" but " Have you a sincere love for 
an agricultural career? If so, come and be welcome." 

Ralph Blum, 



The curriculum for the ensuing year will embrace approximately the same 
subjects as those included in that of last year. A few changes will be insti- 
tuted based on new needs and on the results of a year's experience. The 
gratitude of the P'arm vSchool is due those who have so kindly sacrificed their 
time and given their best efforts in the cause which we are fostering. 

The library of the Farm School consists at pr,esent of about 550 volumes, 
the greater part of which is made up of the Sadie Bgish Memorial, contributed 
by Mrs. Weinman. Unfortunately the number of boo)is is not increasing to any 
appreciable extent. The additions within the last few months have been very 
insignificant indeed. While it is not our desire to build up an extravagantly 
expensive library, we realize that an educational institution must afford its 
students a reasonable opportunity for varied reading. It is hoped that the 
public, to whose generosity the Farm School owes its existence, will include 
our modest library as a special object of its munificent patronage. The condi- 
tion of our treasury does not warrant the expenditure of any part of our gen- 
eral fund on what is, at the present time, a comparative luxury, 

j Harry B. Kohn, 

/ Chairman . 



By Jas. Iv. Branson, of Langhorne, Penna. 

There is a current opinion among a great many people that farming is 
merely a laboring occupation ; that any man that has bone and muscle may be 
a farmer and practically work a farm. Now there is little or no truth in this. 
* * * * Farming is the foundation and support of all human existence. 
It is elemental and basic of all human life and happiness. Being itself rudi- 
mentary and elemental, it requires the rudiments and elements of all knowl- 
edge to successfully carry it on. ^ Look with nie for a moment at what the 
farmer must know in his occupation. It will be seen at a glance that he 
requires the elements of a common English education, reading, writing, 
arithmetic, geography, etc.l Then |^ow can he farm without some knowl- 
edge of plant life, and this is botany ; how know about the soil he cultivates, 
the kind suited to different plants, or that which will render it productive 
of different plant life, without some practical knowledge of the nature of 
soils and manures ; and this is what is called chemistry. And in raising stock 
he must know how to treat their ailments, and know the food best suited 
to their purposes, condition and health, and this is medicine, hygiene, physi- 
ology, anatomy. He must also keep in touch with the current events of the 
world, that he may with foresight judge what is best to grow a year or more 
ahead. He cannot, like the merchant, buy to day and unload to-morrow. 
The farmer's crop is sown to-day and marketed a year hence. The colt, the 
calf and the lamb have to grow and it takes from two to three years for this, 
as the case may be, to get his reward. He has to wait from two to ten years 
for fruit to grow from his planting. And this long-headedness and foresight 
we call business capacity. 

Of course the farmer does not parade his knowledge under these high 
sounding titles, but he must have the knowledge contained in them neverthe- 
less in actual practice, for he must work and practice upon them every day in 
his vocation. 

Th^eh, too, as already stated, ahe farm and the farmer are at the base and 
foundation -of all human comfort and happiness. Where does all of your food 


and raiment come from? Where can you get it but from the farm ? Every- 
thing that goes upon the table comes from the farm. Your meat, bread, fruit, 
vegetables, indeed everthing originally, no matter what form it takes through 
change and manipulation, comes from the farm. When the farmer stops 
everything stops. The mill ceases to grind, the baker stops baking, and the 
eater stops eating. The spindle stops its whirr, the loom stops its clack, and 
the dealer in cloths and clothing must go out of business. The farmer's 
cow gives the milk that makes your butter and cheese ; the wool grows on the 
farmer's sheep that makes your soft clothing for your comfort in winter. It is 
the farmer that grows the flax that makes the fine linens that you use and 
wear. It is the products of the farm that keeps the merchant in business and 
the trafficker in trade. What are your railroads doing but carrying the pro- 
ducts of the farm and the wares of the farmer? The farmer is the world's 
wealth maker? He does not, as the merchant and tradesman, merely move 
and exchange commodities, but he brings into existence new commodities and 
materials to be added to those that already exist. He sows his bushel of wheat, 
or plants his bushel of potatoes, and that which is produced over and above the 
seed sown or planted is new material added to the world's wealth. The mer- 
chant may add to his value, but he creates nothing. % 

From this condensed synopsis it will be seen that I consider farming the 
highest and noblest calling in life. To this calling the Hebrew nation of Scrip" 
ture story was devoted. We read of them tending their flocks and herds, their 
grain fields and their vineyards. We learn but little of their merchandise and 
trade. We read much of their hills and valleys, their green fields and vine- 
yards, their lowing herds and bleating flocks, their pleasant valleys and ver- 
dure crowned mountains. It was from these fields and herds that they came 
when the trumpet sounded to arms in defense of their country, and to these 
same fields and flocks they returned when the struggle was over. How like 
this it is in our country to-day. It is not the effeminate son of luxurj^, grown 
in the hotbed of city life, that passes the muster roll ; but the stalwart sons of 
toil, inured to labor and hardships in the "pure air of country life, that are the 
nation's defenders. 

It is to this high and noble calling that the young men of this institution 
are being educated and trained. It is into this channel that their knowledge is 
being directed. They are being trained to become the instructors of others as 
well as to carry on the business of farming in the highest and best manner that 
education and skill can accomplish. Their learning is to add enjoyment to 
their labor and to lift farming out of the rut of drudgery and make skill and 
art give zest and impetus to their work. They will be trained to cultivate the 
beautiful flowers that decorate the home of luxury, as well as the food that 
goes on to the table of the epicure. And in all this they can find the food that 
feeds the mind of the philosopher and poet ; for where can you gather the 
material for these as well as in communion with nature, amid the rustling corn 
or the shadows of the waving trees. The farmer's life, in its true type, is a life 
of meditation and thought, it is the life of true philosophy and poetry. Stand 
by this institution, and all such, for they are the conservators of true patriot- 
ism and virtue. 





The association shall be composed of Life Members, Friends, Patrons, 
Members, Contributors. Any person may become a Life Member upon the 
payment of ^loo ; or a Friend by paying annually the sum of $25 ; or a Patron 
by paying annually the sum of |io ; or a Member by paying annually the sum 
of ^5 ; or a Contributor, by paying annually the sum of $3. 


Section i. The Association shall be managed by a Board of Fifteen 
Directors, of whom five shall be elected at the first meeting of the association 
to serve for one year, five to serve for two years and five to serve for three 
years, and at the expiration of their terms, their successors shall be elected to 
serve for three years. 

Sec. 2. At every annual meeting of the association there shall be elected 
from among the Directors, one member to serve as President, and another 
member to serve as Vice-President of the association. 

Sec. 3. At the first meeting of the Board of Directors succeeding the 
annual meeting of the association, the Directors shall elect from among their 
number, a Treasurer, and an Executive Committee of five member.s. It shall 
also appoint a Secretary at such salary as it may deem proper. 

Sec. 4. The Board of Directors shall have authority to fill all vacancies. 

Sec. 5. All elections shall be by ballot. 

Duties of Officers. 

Sec. I. It shall be the duty of the Board of Directors to manage the 
business of the association. The Board shall hold regular stated meetings on 
the first Tuesday of each month, and may hold special meetings whenever 
deemed advisable. Five members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

Sec. 2. The President shall preside at all meetings of the association and 
of the Board of Directors. 

vSec. 3. It shall be the duty of the Vice President to fulfill the duties of 
the President in the event of the absence of the latter. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keep correct minutes of 
all the proceedings of the association and of the Board of Directors, and conduct 
the correspondence of the association. He shall receive all moneys from mem- 
bership fees and other sources, keep correct account thereof, and pay the same 
over to the Treasurer, upon the latter's receipt. He shall attest all orders 
drawn on the Treasurer. He shall keep the seal of the association in safe cus- 
tody, and shall make use of the same only when duly authorized by the Asso- 
ciation or by the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to receive and administer all 
moneys of the association and to safely keep all papers of value belonging to 
the association, and pay out moneys upon vouchers only when approved by the 
Chairman or at least two members of the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to make all pur- 
chases, engage employees at such salaries as they may deem proper and ia 
their discretion discharge employees. It shall have charge of the grounds and 
buildings and do all things necessar}' for the proper management of the Insti- 
tution. It shall report to the Board of Directors at its regular meetings. 

The regular annual meeting of the association shall be held at the Farm 
School, near Doylestown, or at Philadelphia, between September 20th and 
October 20th at such time as shall be fixed by the Board of Directors, and a 
printed notice stating time and place of the meeting must be sent to every 
member. Special meetings may be called by the President vrhenever deemed 
necessary by the Board of Directors. Twenty members shall constitute a 
quorum at all meetings of the association. 

The Board '^of Directors may organize such Auxiliary Boards as it may 
deem expedient for the purpose of more eflFectually carrying on the work of 
the association. 

These By-Laws may be altered or amended at any meeting of the Boarp 
of Directors, provided notice of such amendment shall have been given in 
writing to each Director at least ten days before such meeting. 

BHPfili DOflflTIOjlS FOR SCHOItAt?SjllPS. 

Jas. L. Branson, Langhorue, Pa I200.00 

Henry Newman, New Orleans, lya 200.00 

The Jos. Bonnheim Memorial Fund, Sacramento, Cal 200.00 

Mrs. Bertha Rayner Frank, Baltimore, Md., 200.00 


Mr. and Mrs. Morris Kaufman $100.00 



Marengo Lodge, No. 283 . . | 10.00 

Bernstein, M 25,00 


lyOeb, Jacques 3.00 

Kahl 10.00 


Concordia Lodge, No. 152, 

I. O. B. B 2.50 


Little Rock. 

B'nai Israel Congregation, . 10.00 

Pine Bluff. 

Altheimer, M. L- ..... 5-oo 

Bell, D. C 5-00 

Blumenthal, S 10.00 

Dreyfus, Isaac 5.00 

Gans, ivl 5-00 

Ladies' Temple Society of 

Cong. Anshai Bmeth . . 10.00 

McCory, H. A 5.00 

Meyer Drug Co 5.00 

Meyer, Gabe 5-00 

Nichols, Wolf 5.00 

Rheinberger, Irving . . . 5.00 

Roth, Louis 5-00 

Sanders, J. T 5-oo 

Thomson & Son, R. S. . . . 5.00 

Waterman, Gus 5-00 

Weil, Chas. 5-00 

Weil, Max 5-00 

Weiler, Meyer 5-oo 



Bonnheim, A 10.00 

Bonnheim, Mrs. A. (in mem- 
ory of her son) 5.00 

Cohen, Isidor 5.00 

Simon, Rev. Abram .... 5. 00 

Skeels, Wm. 5.00 

Weinstock, Harris 25.00 

San Francisco. 

Anspacher, A 5.00 

Cahn, Mrs. L. I. . . . 
Eloesser, Leo .... 
Hirshfelder, Dr. J. H. 
Lefifmann, Mrs. L. D. 
Lubin, David .... 
Newbauer, J. . . 
Reinstein, J. B. ... 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. Chas, 
Schwabacher, Abe . . 
Schwabacher, Louis . 
Schwabacher, Miss Mina 

Denver Lodge, No. 171, I. O 

B. B 

Holzman, S. L 

Trinidad Lodge, No. 293, I 

O. B. B 


New Haven. 

Adler, Max ........ 



Van Leer, Charles . . . 

Barsky, Nathan .... 



Brown, S. B 


Hebrew Ben. Cong. . . 

Landauer, S 


Newman, Bmile .... 


Austrian, A. S. 
Binswanger, A. 
DeLee, Dr. J. B. 
DeLee, S. T. . 
Eckstein, Louis 
Eisenstaedt, J. . 
Foreman, Gerhard 







20 00 




Add your Name to Members' List. 


Foreman, Oscar G $ 5.00 

Frank, Henry I^. ..... 5 00 

Frank, J. . . . ■ 5.00 

Gatzert, August 5.00 

Goodkind, Dr. Maurice h. . 5.00 

Gorton, F. S 5 00 

Greenbaum, EUas 5.00 

Greenbaum vSons, Messrs. . 5.00 

Jacobson, Rabbi Moses . . 10.00 

Kohn, Isaac 5.00 

Kohn, Louis A 5.00 

Lowenbach, Wm. L, 5.00 

IvOwenheini, Dr. A. A. . . . 5.00 

Mandel Bros 50.00 

Mandel, E 5.00 

Mandel, vSimon 5.00 

Morris, Nelson 50.00 

Newman, Jacob 5.00 

Nusbaum, Aaron 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Mrs. M. . . . 5.00 

Schaffner, Joseph 5.00 

Schesinger, L 10.00 

Solomon, Mrs. H. G. . . . 5.00 

Steele, Henry B 5.00 

Stern, Herman 5.00 

Straus, Simeon 5.00 

Strauss, Henry K 5.00 

Strauss, Milton 5.00 

Strouss, Emil W 5.00 

Syndacker, Joseph G. . . . 5.00 

Wolff, Iv. G 5.00 


J. B. Greenhut 20.00 


Meartz, Louise 5.00 



• Stiefel, Mrs. L. C 3-oo 

M. IVayne. 

Emek Beracha Lodge . . . 25.00 

Salinger, Nathan .... 5.00 
Hartford City. 

Weiler, Miss Amy .... 5.00 

Ephraimson & Wolf, .... 5.00 

Kahn, Mrs 5.00 

Rauh, Sam. E 25.00 

Weiler, Mr. and Mrs. Abe . 25.00 

Wineman, Jos 5.00 


Barzillai Lodge, No. iii, I. 

O. B. B 5-00 


Levi, Wm 3.00 


Frank, S 5-oo 


Weiler, Morris 5.00 

Terre Haute. 

Herz, A 5-oo 


Rothschild, D 5.00 


Baldauf, Sam 10.00 



Flesher, B ■ ■ ■ $ 10.00 

Rothenberg & Schloss, . . 10.00 
St. Mary. 

Urbansky, A 5.00 


Oberndorfer, Ad 3.00 


Lexington Lodge, No. 289, 

I. O. B. B 5.00 


Moses, Rev. A 5.00 


Jewish Literary Society . . 5.00 
New Orleans. 

Kohn, J 5.00 

Newman, Henry 200.00 



Bamberger, Elkan 5.00 

Calm, Bern 5.00 

Drey, Elkan 10.00 

Frank, Dr. Sam'l L 10.00 

Gottschalk, Jos 10.00 

Gutman, Mrs. Joel ... 5.00 

Hamburger, Henry .... 5.00 

Hamburger, S. 1 5.00 

Hutzler Bros 10.00 

Lauer, Leon 5.00 

Levy Wm 10.00 

Louchheim, Mrs. A 5.00 

Mandelbaum S 5.00 

Posner, S 25.00 

Rayner, Wm. S, (Life Mem.) 100.00 

Rayner, A 5.00 

Rayner, Is 5.00 

Rosenburg, F. & Co. . . . 5.00 

Sinsheimer, L 5.00 

Sonneborn, Henry 5.00 

Stein Bros 5.00 

Straus, Leopold, 5.00 

Straus, Jos. L 5.00 

Strauss, A. 3.00 

Ulman, A. J 5.00 

Ulman, Nathan 5 00 

Berchajim Lodge 177, I. O. 

B. B 5.00 



Hecht, Jacob 25.00 

Kaffenburgh, J 5.00 

Mayer, Adolph 5.00 

Morse, Godfrey 5.00 

Shuman, Samuel 5.00 

Steinert, Wm. . 5.00 

Waxman, Nathan 5.00 

Wolff, Herman 5.00 

Ziegel, L 5-oo 


AduUam Lodge, No. 326, I. 

O. B. B 3.00 


Add your Name to Members' List. 



Weinman, Mrs. L, | 5-00 

Grand Rapids. 

Julius Housman Lodge . . . lo.oo 



Jewish Women's League . , 5.00 

Levy, Sam 3.00 


Taussig, Jos 3.00 


Frank, Henry 5.00 


Kansas City. 

Benjamin, Alfred 5.00 

Benjamin, D. 5.00 

Binswanger, Mrs. E 5.00 

Block, Sol 25.00 

Block, Mrs. Sol 5.00 

Crohm, R. S 5.00 

Fineman, B. A 5.00 

Griff, F. W 5.00 

Newgass, L 5.00 

Kansas City Lodge, No. 184, 

I. O. B. B 25.00 


Michael Bros 3.00 

St. Louis. 

Bush, Isidore ro.oo 



Loeb, F. A 5.00 

Loeb, Rudolph 5.00 


Kirwen, John 5.00 

Millville . 

Rosen, T 5.00 


Fish, Jos 5-00 

Froelich, Sam 5.00 

Goetz, Jos 5-00 

Lehman, L 5-oo 

Lowy, Philip 5-oo 

Michael, Oscar 5.00 

Plaut, Mrs. L. S 5-oo 

Plant, Moses 5-00 

Scheuer, S 5-00 

Scheuer, Selig 5-oo 

Strauss, B 5-oo 

Strauss, Moses 5.00 

Trier, Reuben 5-00 

Walter, S. R 5-00 

WolflF, D 5-00 


Fleisher, Nathan 5.00 

Helthal, Louis 5.00 


Mack, Lewis C 5-00 


Las- Vegas. 

Bonnheim, Rev. B. A. . . . 5.00 


Kirshbaum & Sons . . 

I 10.00 



Waldman, Louis 1 10.00 


Abraham, A. (life member) . 100.00 

Bamberger, I. L 5.00 

Blum, Edw, C 10.00 

Joachim, B 5.00 

Moses, May 10.00 

Pentlarge, R 5.00 

Rothschild, F. S 10.00 

Rudy, A. , 5.00 


Fleishman, Simon 5.00 


Friendly, N 3.00 

New York City. 

Adelson Bros 5.00 

Alberti, S. S 5.00 

Alsberg, I : , 5.00 

Bach, Jos 5.00 

Bache, J. S 25.00 

Beck, Jos 5.00 

Bendix, Herman 5.00 

Benjamin, M W 10.00 

Bierhoff, Dr. F 5.00 

Bijure, Nathan 10.00 

Bloomingdale, Jos 10.00 

Boehm, Alex .... 5.00 

Bowsky, Louis 5.00 

Cohen, A 25.00 

Cunningham, R. H 5.00 

Fishel, M 10.00 

Fox, Emanuel 5.00 

Frank, Mrs. Rose 10.00 

Friedman & Co., Sol. . . . 10.00 

Goldecke, O. C 5.00 

Hahlo, Hugo H 10.00 

Karri's, Rev. Dr. M. H. . . 5.00 

Heine, A. B 5.00 

Heilbroner, S 5.00 

Herman, N 5.00 

Herrman, Mrs. Esther . . . 10.00 

Herrman, U 5.00 

Herzig, L 5-oo 

Hinkel, F. C 500 

Hochstadter, A. F 5.C0 

Isaacs & Co., A 3.00 

Jaros, Alfred 500 

Kaufman, Joseph ..... 10.00 

Kleinert, L. B 10.00 

Kleinman, H. D 5.00 

Krauskopf, Henrietta . . . 5.00 

Krauskopf, Nathan .... 5.00 

Laird, Jos. W 5.C0 

Lauterbach, Edward J. . . 25.00 

Levy, A 5.00 

Levy, Max 5-00 

Levy, Morris 5. 00 

Lilienthal, Albert 10.00 

Loeb, Emil 5-oo 

Loeb, Ferd 5-oo 

Add your Name to Members' List. 


Loeb, Louis $ 500 

Louis, Mrs. Miunie D. . . . 5.00 

Marks, M 5-00 

Marx & Co., Wm 10.00 

Mayer, Morris 5-oo 

Mayer, Otto lo.oo 

Meyer, Arthur 5-oo 

Modey, 1 3-oo 

Ollesheimer, Henry .... 5-00 

Pulaski, M. H 500 

Rappard, A 5-00 

Reichman, W 3-00 

Rice, S. M 25 00 

Root, Chas. T 5-00 

Rosenberg & Co., S 10.00 

Rosenthal, Sam 5-00 

Rothschild, Jacob 10.00 

Sadler, A. N 5-00 

Samuel Bros 5-00 

SchaefFer, H 10.00 

Schoenfeld, Max 5-00 

Seeligman, Henry J. ... 10.00 

Sidenberg, G. (life member) 100.00 

Sidenberg, H 5-00 

Simson, L. M 3-00 

Sondheim, Max 5-00 

Speyer, James 10.00 

Spingarn, S. H 5-00 

Sutphen, D. D 5-oo 

Sutro, Lionel 5-oo 

Sutro, Richard 5- 00 

Tappan, Herman 3-oo 

Ulman, B 5-00 

Weinman, Mrs. Chas. . . . 5-00 

Weinman, Miss Rita .... 5-00 

Waterbury, John 25.00 

WolflF, Mervyn 5-00 

Yeargason, J. S 10.00 

Zeckendorf, Louis 5-oo 

Niagara Falls. 

Silberberg, Moses 5-00 


Wile, Julius M. ..... . 10.00 


Danziger Bros 5-00 

Eisner, Dr. Henry L. . . . 5- 00 

Freeman, George 5-00 

Guttman, Rev. Dr. A. . . . 3-0° 

Jacobson, Dr. N 5-00 

Marshall, Benj 5-00 

Thalheimer, G 5-00 


Levinson, Henry ..... 3-00 


Searle, W. W 5-00 



Oettinger, David 5-oo 



Aub, Sam'l 5-oo 

Bloch, Abe 5-00 

Block, Leon 5-00 

Fletcher, Victor 5-oo 

Freiberg, Jos | 5.00 

Freiberg, J. W . 5.00 

Freiberg, Morris 5.00 

Goodheart, Wm 10.00 

Harris, Geo. W. . , . . . . 5.00 

Harris, Marcus 5.00 

Klein, Simon 5.00 

Lauer, Henry 5.00 

Levy, Rev. Chas 5.00 

Levy, Harry M 5.00 

Loewenstein, L. H 10.00 

Mack, Mrs. M. J 5"-oo 

Mack, Mrs. Willard .... 5.00 

Magnus, Jos. A 5.00 

Mayer, L. . . S-oo 

Michalovitch, B 5-00 

Moch, Berman & Co. . . . 20.00 

Moyse, Julius 5-00 

Oflfner, Alex 5-00 

Pritz, Benj i5-00 

Pritz, Sidney 5-oo 

Pritz, Sol. W 500 

Scheuer, Jacob ...... 5-Oo 

Shleshinger, Sig 5-00 

Shohl, Charles 5-oo 

Stern, A. S 5-00 

Weiskopf, D. W 5-oo 

Wertheimer, Morris .... 5-00 

Wyler, Isaac 5-0O 

Baron DeHirsch Lodge, No. 

454, I. O. B. B 5-00 

Feiss, Julius 5-00 

Feiss, Paul 3-oo 

Gries, Rev. M 500 

Hexter, S. M 10.00 

Josephs, Isaac 10.00 

Josephs, Sig 5-oo 

Marks, M. A 5-00 

Mayer, Adolph 10.00 

Meyer, Mrs. Max 3-oo 

Schlesinger, S 5-00 

Schwab, Mrs. Flora .... 5-0° 

Steinfeld, Jacob 5-00 


Lazarus & Co., F. R. ... 5-00 


Huhn, E 500 

Mt. Vernon. 

Meyers, Mrs. M Z-OO 


Congregation Anshe Emeth 5.00 


Theobald, Mrs. C. (life mem.) 100.00 



Portland Lodge, No. 416, I. 

O. B. B 10.00 

Swett, Isaac 3-oo 



Louis Astrich 5-oo 

Feldman, Mrs. A. M. ... 5-00 


Lea, John F 5-oo 


Add your Name to Members^ List. 

Allegheny (see Pittsburg). 

Rauh, Marcus % 5.00 

Rauh, Rosalie 5.00 

Schoenfeld, Jacob 5.00 

Steinfield, Samuel 5.00 


Alexander Bros., 5.00 


Greenewald, David C. . . . 5.00 

Greenwald, Mrs. J. C. . . . 5.00 

Greenwald, Mr. J. C . . . . 5.00 


Gatz, John 5.00 


Berg, Herman 5.00 

L,ivingston, J. 5.00 


Scarlet, James 10.00 


McLaughlin, Dan'l .... 5.00 

Worthington, T. L. .... 10.00 


Ladies' H. B. A 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Levi 5.00 

Springer, E 5.00 


Pike, Harry 5.00 


Weiss, W 5.00 


Einstein, J 5.00 


Cohn, E. M 5.00 

Gansman, A 5.-oo 

Gansman, L 5-oo 

Moss, S. R 5-00 

Rosenstein, A 5.00 

Rosenthal, 1 5.00 


Branson, J. L. (life member) 100.00 


Bachman, Max 5.00 


Blum, G 10.00 

Blum, Mrs. G 10.00 

Blum, Mrs. Ralph 25.00 

Hirsh, Mrs. Wm. ..... 5.00 

Loeb, Miss A. K 5.00 

Oil City. 

Baer, B . 3.00 


Abeles, Simon 5.00 

Abrams, S 10.00 

All man, Herbert D 5.00 

Aloe, Sidney A 5.00 

Alumni of K. 1 5.00 

Apple, Alex 5.00 

Armhold, Rev. Wm 3.00 

Arnold, Arthur S 5.00 

Arnold, Philip 5.00 

Asher, Sol 5.00 

Bacharach, A 500 

Bacharach, S 5-0o 

Bacharach, Mrs. S 5.00 

Bachman, F. H 5.00 

Bachman, Mrs. F. H. . . . | 5.00 

Bamberger, Mrs. F 5.00 

Bamberger, Albert J. . . . 5.00 

Bamberger, Harry 5.00 

Bamberger, L. J 5.00 

Bamberger, Morris .... 5.00 

Bamberger, Max 5.00 

Bamberger, Wm 5.00 

Bash, J. . 5.00 

Bauer, Benj 5.00 

Bauer, Sam'l 5.00 

Baum, S 5.00 

Baxter. J. & L 5.00 

Bayersdorfer, S 5.00 

Bedichimer, Mrs. L. ... 5.00 

Behal, Joseph 5.00 

Behal, Mrs. S , 5.00 

Behal, Mrs. Sol 5.00 

Berkowitz, P 5.00 

Berkowitz, Albert 5.00 

Berkowitz, Rev. Dr. Henry 5 00 

Bernheimer, Morris .... 5.00 

Beruheimer, C. S. 3.00 

Bernheimer, M. S 5.00 

Bernstein, Mrs. T 3.00 

Bernstein, A 5.00 

Beran, Theodore 2.00 

Betz & Son (life member) . 100.00 

Biernbaum, M 5.00 

Bird, Joseph 5.00 

Birge, Isadore 5.00 

Blaylock & Blynn 5.00 

Block, Arthur 5.C0 

Block, Bernard 5.00 

Block, Miss Matilda .... 5.00 

Block, Simon L 10.00 

Bloomingdale, Mrs. Belle S. 5.00 

Blum, Isaac 5.00 

Blum, J. L 5-00 

Blum, R. (life member) . . 100.00 

Blumenthal, Harold .... 5.00 

Blumenthal, Hart 5.00 

Blumenthal, Herman (life m.) 100.00 

Blumenthal, Sol. (life mem.) 100.00 

Blumenthal, Mrs. S 5.00 

Bowers, A. J. S 5-00 

Brandes, M 5.00 

Branukin, P. J 5.00 

Brunhild, L 5-oo 

Brooks, Jos. L ■ 5-oo 

Brown, Emil 5.00 

Buck, David H 5-00 

Butler, B. F 5.00 

Casseres, Miss Ida ..... 5.00 

Clay, Henry 5.00 

Cohen, M. K 5.00 

Cohen, 1 5-00 

Cohen, J 5-oo 

Cohn, L. L 300 

Cope, Walter 5.00 

Daniels, Gustav 5.00 

Dannenbaum, Harry M. . . 5.00 

Dannenbaum, Mrs. L. . . . 5.00 

Dannenbaum, Morris . . . 5.00 

Davenport. Harry 5.00 

Davidson, David K 5.00 

Davis, Edward T 10.00 

Add your Name to Members' List. 


Dodge, James M $ 5.00 

Dunlap, H. C 5.00 

Dunlap, James 25.00 

Eichhoiz, A 10.00 

Einstein, Meyer 5.00 

Eisner, Mrs. B 10.00 

Emsheimer, H. E 5.00 

Engel, J 5.00 

Essner, Carl 5.00 

Fabian, Dr. L. J 5.00 

Fellheimer, Abe 5 00 

Fels, S. S 25.00 

Fernberger, Harry 5.00 

Feustman, Maurice .... 5.00 

Field, John 5.00 

Fleisher, Benj. W 10.00 

Fleisher, B. W., Jr 25.00 

Fleisher, L 5.00 

Fleisher, Mrs. Martha , . . 5.00 

Fleisher, S. B 10.00 

Fleisher, Simon 5.00 

Fleisher, Mrs. S. S 5.00 

Frank, Jacob S. . . , . . . 5.00 

Fridenberg, M. S 5.00 

Friedberger, Simon Iv. . . . 5.00 

Friedenberg, S. M 5.00 

Friedman, Charles .... 5.00 

Friedman, H. S 5.00 

Friedman, Mrs. L 5.00 

Frohsin, Samuel 5.00 

Fuerstenburg, David . . . 10.00 

Gans, Mrs. Jeannette . . . 3.00 

Gassner, Henry 5.00 

Gattman, M 5.00 

Gerstley, Louis 25.00 

Gerstley, Mrs. J 5.00 

Gerstley, Wm 10.00 

Gimbel, Ben , 5.00 

Gimbel, Charles 10.00 

Gimbel, Mrs. Ellis .... 10.00 

Gimbel, Isaac 5.00 

Gimbel, Jacob 5.00 

Gleason, Ed. P 5.00 

Goldsmith, B , . 5.00 

Goldsmith, Milton .... 5.00 

Goodman Bros 5.00 

Goodman, Leon 5.00 

Goodman, Mrs. M 5.00 

Goodman, J. H 5.00 

Goodman, Sam'l W 5.00 

Goodman, Mrs. Sam'l W. . 5.00 

Goldstein, S 3.00 

Graham, Hugh 5.00 

Grant, Adolph 25.00 

Grant, Gertrude 5.00 

Grant, Gordon 5.00 

Grant, Granville 5.00 

Greenbaum, Dr. L 5.00 

Greenbaum, Mrs. Max . . . 5.00 

Greenbaum, Dr. Max . . . 5.00 

Greenbaum, S 5.00 

Greenabaum, M. S 5.00 

Greenspan, A 5.00 

Greenewald, A. E 3.00 

Greenewald, Oscar . . . .' 5.00 

Greenewald, B. F 5.00 

Grossman, Dr. J. B. ... 5.00 

Haas, S | 5.00 

Hackenburg, Mrs. Wm. H. . 5.00 

Hagedorn, J. H 5.00 

Hagedorn, J. J 10.00 

Hahn, Theodore 5.00 

Hamilton & Diesinger . . . 3.00 

Harrison, C. C. (life memb.) 100.00 

Hawkins, Henry C 5.00 

Hecht, 1 5.00 

Hecht, Mrs. S 5.00 

Heebner, Philip A 5.00 

Heebner, Samuel 5.00 

Heilbroner, Jacob 5.00 

Heilbron, H. H 5.00 

Heilbron, S 5.00 

Henly, Jacob 5.00 

Hertz, E. J 5.00 

Herzberg, Isaac 5.00 

Herzberg, Gus 5.00 

Hess, Adolph 5.00 

Heyman, D 5.00 

Heyman, Henry 25.00 

Heyman, Mrs H 5.00 

Hill, Robert C. ..... . 5.00 

Hinlein, J. H 5.00 

Hirsh, Mrs. L 10.00 

Hirsh, Wm 5.00 

Hirsch, E. Hampton . . . 5.00 

Hirsch, Henry 10.00 

Hirsch, Walter A. 5.00 

Hirsch, A 5.00 

Hirschberg & Bro 5.00 

Hope, J 5.00 

Huey & Christ 10.00 

Isaacs, Mamie . 5.00 

Jacobs, S 5 00 

Jacobs, Jacob 5.00 

Jonas, Herman (life member) 100.00 

Jonas, Henry 5.00 

Jonas, Leo 5.00 

Kaas, Andrew 5.00 

Kahn, I. H 10.00 

Kahn, S. M 5.00 

Katz, Marcus 5.00 

Katzenberg, 1 10.00 

Kaufman, A 5.00 

Kaufman, Mrs. Alice . . . 5.00 

Kaufman, Ernst 3.00 

Kaufman, Isadore 5.00 

Kaufman, Mrs. J 5.00 

Kaufman, Mrs. Jos 5.00 

Kaufman, Morris A 5.00 

Kaufman, Wm 5.00 

Kaufman, Mrs. M 5.00 

Kayser, Sam'l 5.00 

Kehr, Fer'd ' 5.00 

Keneseth Israel Congrega- 
tion Alumna 5.00 

Ketcham, John K 5.00 

Kind, Sam 5.00 

Kirshbaum, Bern. ..... 25.00 

Kirshbaum, David 10.00 

Kirshbaum, Simon .... 5.00 

Kirshbaum, Mrs. A 10.00 

Klein, Alfred M 5.00 

Klein, Leon G 5-00 

Klonower, Herman .... 3.00 


Add your Name to Members^ List. 

Klopfer, S. C $ 5.00 

Knoblauch, G. A 5.00 

Kohn, Abe 5.00 

Kohu, Arnold 5.00 

Kohn, David 3.00 

Kohn, 1 5.00 

Kohn, Sam 5.00 

Kohn, Simon S 5.00 

Koons, S. W 5.00 

Koplin, L. W 5.00 

Krauskopf, Rev. Dr. Jos. . . 25.00 

Krauskopf, Mrs. Jos. . . . 5.00 

Krauskopf, Eleanore . . . 5.00 

Krauskopf, Harold .... 5.00 

Krauskopf, Manfred .... 5.00 

Krauskopf, Rose Madeline . 5.00 

Krieger, Joseph 5.00 

Dabe, Benj 10.00 

Labe, Marion G 3.00 

Dandauer, W. B 5.00 

Lang, G. H 5.00 

Lang, Morris . 5.00 

Langfeld, Morris 5.00 

Langfeld, A. M 5.00 

Langstaedter, I. B. .... 5.00 

Leberman, Adolph .... 5.00 

Leberman, Joseph W. . , . 5.00 

Lehman, Henry 5.00 

Leopold, M 5.00 

Levi, Gerson L. 5.00 

Levy, Rev. J. Leonard . . . 10.00 

Levy, Max 5.00 

Levy, Mrs. Max 5.00 

Levy, Sol. (life member) . 100.00 

Levy, Joseph H 5.00 

Lewin, Mrs. Philip .... 5.00 

Lichten, M. H. . .... 25.00 

Lichten, Wm 5.00 

Lieberman, Adolph .... 5.00 

Lisberger, L 5.00 

Lit, B. J 5-00 

Lit, S. D. (life member) . . 100.00 

Lit, S. D 25.00 

Lipper, A 5.00 

Lipper, M. W. ...... 10.00 

Lipschutz, B 5.00 

Liveright, Morris, 5.00 

Liveright, Max 5.00 

Loeb, A. B 10.00 

Loeb, Dr. Ludwig 5.00 

Loeb, Ferd. G 5.00 

Loeb, Mrs. Herman .... 5.00 

Loeb, Horace 5.00 

Loeb, Mrs. Horace .... 5.00 

Loeb, Howard A 10.00 

Loeb, Mrs. Howard A. . . . 10 00 

Loeb, Leopold 10.00 

Loeb, Sol 10.00 

Loeb, Joseph 5.00 

Loeb, M. B 5.00 

Loeb, Maurice 5.00 

Loeb, Michael 5.00 

Louchheim, H. F 5.00 

Louchheim, Jerome PI. . . 5.00 

Louchheim, Jos. A. . . . 25.00 

Louchheim, S. K 5.00 

Louchheim, Walter .... 5.00 

Lowenstein, B $ 5.00 

Lowenstein, Mrs. H 5.00 

Loweugrund, S 5.00 

Lucas & Co., John 5.00 

Lukens Bros 5.00 

Lyon, Benj 5.00 

Lyon, Miss Mabel 5.00 

Maccaulay, Jas 5.00 

Marks Bros 10.00 

Marks, Mrs. E 5.00 

Marks, I. L 3.00 

Mastbaum, L 5.00 

Massey, Thomas ...... 5.00 

Massman, E 5.00 

May, Morris 10.00 

May, Simon 5.00 

McCreary, Geo. D 5.00 

McDonnell, Chas. A. . , 5.00 

Mendel. Mrs. S. L 5.00 

Menke, Jno. B 5.00 

Merz, Daniel 5.00 

Merz, Millard 5.00 

Miller, Clarence E 5.00 

Miller, Gustav 5.00 

Miller, Sol. . . „ 5.00 

Mitchel, Henry 5.00 

Moldauer, M 5.00 

Montgomery, Dr. B. E. . . 5.00 

Moss, Wm 5.00 

Myers, Joseph 5.00 

Myers M 5.00 

Myers, S. H 5.00 

Myers, S. S 5.00 

Nachod, J 5.00 

Nadel, Mrs. J 5.00 

Nathanson, Mrs. H. M. . . 5.00 

Netter, David 5.00 

Netter, Jos 5.00 

Newbujger, Mrs. Morris . . 5.00 

Newburger, Sam'l 5.00 

Newman, Adolph 5.00 

Newman, M. M 25.00 

Nixon, S 25.00 

Oppenheimer, Oscar .... 5.00 

Oppenheimer, Mrs. C. . . .. 5.00 

Ostheimer, Wm. J 5-oo 

Pepper, Dr. Wm. (life mem.) 100.00 

Perot, Chas. P 5.00 

Pfaelzer, Simon 5.00 

Pfefferling, E 5-oo 

PoUitz, Miss Lydia .... 5.00 

Pollock, H. A 5.00 

Pope, Miss Josephine . . . 3. 00 

Potter, Jos . 5.00 

Potter, J. S 5-00 

Powdermaker, Mrs. M. . . 25.00 

Pulaski, Helen ... 5.00 

Reinheimer, Mrs. 1 3.00 

Reinheimer, Louis .... 5.00 

Rice, J. J 5-00 

Rice, N. H. 5-oo 

Robinson, E. L 5-oo 

Rorke, Allen B. (life member) 100.00 

Rosenau, Mrs. N 5.00 

Roseuau, C 5.00 

• Rosenau, P 5.00 

Rosenau, S 5.00 

Add your Name to Members' List. 


Rosenbaum, H $ 5.00 

Rosenbaum, Heury M. . . 5.00 

Rosenbaum, A 5.00 

Rosenbaum, M 5.00 

Rosenberg, Abram .... 5.00 

Rosenberg, Arthur 5.00 

Rosenberg, C. C 5.00 

Rosenberg, J.Walter (b'fe m. ) icxj.oo 

Rosenberg, Morris .... 5.00 

Ro.senblatt, H. M 5.00 

Rosenblatt, A 5.00 

Rosenthal, H 5.00 

Rosskam, 1 5.00 

Rotbchild, S 5.00 

Rothchild, E. Iv 5.00 

Rothschild, H 5.00 

Rothschild, M. M 5.00 

Rubin, Joseph H 5.00 

Rusk, G. C '5.00 

Sabin, Fred 5.00 

Sailer, 1 5.00 

Schamberg, Ferd 5.00 

Schamberg, Henry .... 5.00 

Schamberg, Louis M. . . . 3.00 

Schloss, Mrs. Herm. (life m.) 100.00 

Schmitt, John 5.00 

Schoeneman, Jos 5.00 

Schoenfeld, Max 5.00 

Scholle, Melville J 5.00 

Schwartz, Isaac A 5.00 

Schweriner, Theo 5.00 

Schwoerer, Conrad .... 5.00 

Schwab, Mrs. Flora .... 5.00 

Selig, B. 5.00 

Selig, Eli K 25.00 

Selig, Emil 5.00 

Siedenbach, Henry .... 5.00 

Showell, E. D 5.00 

Shoyer, Louis 5.00 

Shoyer, Richard 5.00 

Sickels, A 5.00 

Sickel, Julius 5.00 

Sidenbach, S 5.00 

Sidenbach, L 5.00 

Silberman, Mrs. Ida (1. m.) 100 00 

Silberstein, Mrs. A 5.00 

Silberstein, Miss Louise . . 5.00 

Silverman, I. H. (life mem.) 100.00 

Simon & Kahn 5.00 

Simon, L. S 5.00 

Simon, Mrs. M 5.00 

Simon, Mrs. S 5.00 

Simouson, S 5.00 

Smith, E. B. &Co 5.00 

Smith, Caroline, 5.00 

Smith, M. J 5.00 

Snellenburg, Claudia . . . 5.00 

Snellenburg, J. J. (life mem.) 100.00 

Snellenburg, Josephine . 5.00 

Snellenburg, Jos. N 5.00 

Snellenburg, Nathan (life m.) 100.00 

Snellenburg, Sam 25.00 

Solomon, A. A 5.00 

Solomon, Mrs. A. A. ... 5.00 

Sondheim, Julius 5.00 

Sondheim, Mrs. Julius . . . 10.00 

Soulas, Chas 10.00 

Springer, Emanuel . . . . $ 5.0^ 

Steffan, A. W 5.0O 

Steppacher, Walter .... 5.00 

Stern, Chas. K 10.00 

Stern, Mrs. Chas. K 5.00 

Stern, David H 5.00 

Stern, Edward 5.00 

Stern, Harry F 5.00 

Stern, M 5.00 

Stern, F 5.00 

Stern, M. H 10.00 

Stern, Mrs. M. H 10.00 

Stern, Jacob ...... 10.00 

Sternberger. S 5.00 

Stern feld, H 5.00 

Stecher, L 5.00 

Straus, Karl 10.00 

Strauss, Ben 5.00 

Strauss, Benj 5.00 

Strauss, A 5.00 

Strouse, N 10.00 

Strouse, H. L 5.00 

Stewardson, Thos. ..... 25.00 

Sundheim, Jonas 5.00 

Teller, Benj. F. (life member) 100.00 

Teller, Mrs. B. F. (life mem.) 100.00 

Teller, Joseph (life member) 100.00 

Teller, Mrs. J. (life member) 100.00 

Teller, Oscar 5.00 

Teller, Lewis A 5.00 

Teller, Raphael 5.00 

Thalheimer, Bernard . . . 5.00 

Thanhauser, Morris .... 5.00 

Tichner, H. J 5.00 

Trauerman, S. B 5.00 

Trenner, Simeon 5.00 

Trimby, E. D 5.00 

Trimby, M 5.00 

Ullman, Miss Heny .... 5.00 

Vendig, Chas. H 5.00 

Warburton, B. H 5.00 

Wasserman, B 5.00 

Wedell, Mrs. R. P 5.00 

Weil, Jacob 5.00 

Weil, Mrs. J 5.00 

Weil, Sam 5.00 

Weil, Mrs. Sam 5.00 

Weiler, H 10.00 

Weinman, Jos S-OO 

Weinman, E 5.00 

Weinman, J 5.00 

Weinman, M 5.00 

Weinman, H » 5.00 

Wertheimer, H. S 5.00 

Wertheimer, Joseph ... 5.00 

Wertheimer, Sam 5.00 

Wertheimer, S 5.00 

Wiener, Jacob 5.00 

Wiener, Lewis A 5.00 

Wiener, M. H 10.00 

Wilson, Morris 5.00 

Wilson, Ed 5.00 

Wilson & Richards .... 5.00 

Wineland, E 5.00 

Wittenberg, M 5.00 

Wolf, Albert 5.00 

Wolf, Gus 5.00 


Add your Name to Members' List. 

Wolf, E I 5.00 

Wolf, David . 5.00 

Wolf, Frank 5.00 

Wolf, Isaac Jr. (life member) 100.00 

Wolf, Mrs. M. ..... 5.00 

Wolf, Mrs. M. (in memory of 

daughter) 3.00 

Wolf, Mrs. Sol 5.00 

Wolf, Wm 10.00 

Zinneman, M. & Bro. . . . 5.00 

Zurn, O. F 5.00 

Pittsburg (see Allegheny). 

Aaron, Louis 1 5.00 

Aaron, C 5.00 

Aaron, Miss Marie . . . . 5.00 

Aaron, M 5.00 

Aaron, Mrs. M. 1/ 5.00 

Cohen, Aaron 10.00 

Cohen, Josiah (life member) 100.00 

Dreifus, E 5.00 

Feuchtwanger, Marcus . . . 5.00 

Frank, Isaac W 5.00 

Gross, Isaac 5.00 

Hanauer, Mrs. H 5.00 

Kaufman Bros, (life member) 100.00 

Lazarus, David M 5.00 

Rafield, Rudolf 5.00 

Siedenberg, Hugo 25.00 

Steinfeld, Sam'l 5.00 

Weil, A. Leo 25.00 

Wolff, Fritz ........ 5.00 


Brovpn, A. B 5.00 


Reese, Mrs. Max 5.00 

Pottsville . 

Greenwald, G 5.00 


Ackerman, J. 5.00 

Goldsmith, A 5.00 

Goldsmith, M 5.00 

Goldsmith, S 5.00 

Haepst, Dr. H 5.00 

Kramer, A. N 5.00 

Krosby, T 5.00 

Levy, Jos 5.00 

Levy, N. B 5.00 

Gettinger, L 5.00 

Rice, Max 5.00 

Rice, Simon . 5.00 

Roos, Dr. E. G 5.00 

Weingart, S 5.00 


Weiss, S 5.00 


Rothchild, 5.00 


Levy, Leon 5.00 

Levy, B 5.00 

Rosenbluth, M 5.00 

Strauss, S. J 5.00 


Lehmayer, N 5.00 



Harpman, Sol 5.00 

Lehman, Felix | 2.00 

Morris, Hirsch 10.00 


Kalmbach, Jacob 5.0c 

Lewinthal, Isadora .... 5.00 

Dallas. TEXAS. 

Friend, Mrs. A 5.00 

Friend, A. M 5.00 

Linz & Bro 5.00 

Sanger Bros 5.00 

Titche, Ed. 5.00 

Fort Worth. 

August, A. & L 5.00 

Goldberg, Herman .... 5.00 

Levy, Sam 5.00 


Marx, M 10.00 


Lone Star Lodge, I. O. B. B. 10.00 

Levy, Benj 5.00 

San Antonio. 

Halff, M 25.00 


Eppstein & Co., E 5.00 

Meyer, D 5.00 


Levy, A. & Co 10.00 


Salt Lake City. , 

Bamberger, Simon .... 10.00 

Meyers, Mrs. Rose 15.00 


Binswanger, Mrs. Sol. . . . 5.00 

Binswanger, Sol 5.00 

Binsvs^anger, Helen .... 5.00 

Hutzler, Henry 3.00 

Kaufman, 1 5.00 

Rabb, E 5.00 

Millheiser, C 5.00 

Millheiser, G. (life member) 100.00 


Loeb, Julius 5.00 


Saks, Isador 5.00 

Tobeinor, Leon 5.00 

Wolf, Hon. Simon 5.00 



Loeb, F 5.00 

La Crosse. 

Strouse, B. L . 5-00 


Cohen, Mrs. Gertrude . . . 5.00 

Cohen, Jonas 5.00 

Greenwald, Oscar 5.00 

Hamburger, N 5.00 

Isaac Lodge, No. 81, I.O.B.B. 5.00 

Landauer, Max 10.00 

Michelbacher, A. J 5.00 

Miller, M 5.00 



Schoenfeld, M. D 5.00 



Mr. and Mrs. Louis I. Aaron, 

Pittsburg, |iooo.oo 

Mr. Leonard Lewisobn, New 

York, 200.00 

Mr. Albert Mock, Cincinnati, 

Obio, 200.00 

Mr. Wni. Gerstley, Pbiladel- 

pbia 25.00 

Diligent Sewing Circle, tbro' 

Mrs. H. J. Ticknor, . . 5.00 

Mrs. Pauline Herzberg, . . 5.00 


Mrs. Ralpb Blum, $10.00 

Mrs. Gabriel Blum, 

Mrs. Louis Loeb, 10.00 

Mrs. Morris Mayer, 10.00 

Mrs. Julius Sonheim, 10.00 


Mrs. Clara Snellenburg, . . . fso.oo 

Mrs. Isaac Bedicbimer, .... 5.00 
Dr. and Mrs. Max Greenebaum, 5.00 

H. R. DaCosta, 5.00 

Mrs. Amelia Davidson, .... 5.00 

Mrs. Emanuel Levy, 5.00 

Mrs. A. L. RoflF, 5.00 

M. Marquis, 5.00 


Bacller & Sons, Wallingford, Vt. 
3 doz. Forks. 

Berg & Co. 3 Bags Fertilizer. 

Biddle Hardware Co. 

Branson, Jas. L. Laundry Stove. 

Braun, John. Lawn Mower. 

Brosius & Co., Cochran ville. Dehorn- 
ing Clippers. 

Buchs & Sons, Elizabeth, N J. Root 

Corbin, P. & F. 20 lbs. Spikes. 

Deering Harvester Co., Chicago, 111. 
Deering Harvester. 

De Kalb Co., De Kalb, 111. Wire and 

Dreifus, A. Potato Digger. 

Gabdy Belt Co., Baltimore, Md. 150 
Feet Belting. 

Hanawer, Wm. Fertilizer. 

Jackson Mfg. Co., Harrisburg. Three 

Landreth & Son. Syringe for Green- 

Lenoc Sprayer Co., Pittsfield, Mass. 
2 Knapsack Sprayers, >< doz. Cans 
Bordeau Mixture. 

Mason, F. W. Bone Grinder. 

McCormick Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Moro Philips Chemical Co. Fertilizer. 
Philadelphia Hardware Co. 2 Kegs 

vShannon Mfg. Co., i Keg Nails. 
Star Milk Cooler Co., Haddonfield, 

N. J. Star Milk Cooler. 
Syracuse Chilled Plow Co., Syracuse, 

N. Y. Cultivator. 

Voorhees, G. S. Tools and Imple- 

Wan, F. W. Co., Melford, Mass. Fol- 
lower for Bone Grinder. 


Blum, R. Calf. 
Blnm, Gabriel. Horse. 
Freas, M. K. Leghorn Rooster. 
Kayser & Allman. Horse. 


Epstein, E. 21 Volumes Agricultural 

Howe & Co. Boyd's Business Direc- 

Jewish Publication Society. Jewish 

Wanger, Irving P. Government Pub- 

Weinman, Mrs. Chas. Four Volumes 
Nicholsen's Works. 


Kayser & Allman. Double and Single 



American Hebrew. 

American Israelite. 

American Poultry Journal. 

American Stock Farm. 

Barnum's Midland Farmer. 

Bee Gleamings. 

Breeders' Gazette. 

Colman's Rural World. 

Connecticut Farmer. 

Doylestown Republican Intelligencer. 

Elgin Dair^^ Report. 

Every Evening. 

Farm, Field and Fireside. 

Farm Stock and Home. 

Farmer, The. 

Farmers' Advocate. 

Farmers' Review. 

Fruit Growing Journal. 



Hoard's Dairyman. 


Irrigation Age. 

Jewish Comment. 

Jewish Daily News. 

Jewish Exponent. 

Journal of Agriculture. 


Kansas City Journal. 

Laud and Living. 

Live Stock. 

Meehan's Monthly. 

Mississippi Valley Democrat. 

Nebraska Farmer. 

New England Farmer. 

New York Times. 

North American Horticulturist. 

North Western Horticulturist. 

Ohio Farmer. 

Philadelphia Public Ledger. 

Practical Farmer. 

Press and Horticulturist. 

Reform Advocate. 

Rural New Yorker. 

Southern Planter. 


Spirit of the Times. 

Students' Journal. 

Texas Farmer. 

Wallace's Farmer. 

Western Farm Journal. 

Wisconsin Agriculturist. 


Armhold, Miss Nettie. Chair, Bureau, 

Binswanger, Sol. White Lead Paint. 

Bayersdorfer, Wm. Florists' Supplies. 

Berkowitz, Paul. Flower Sprinkler. 

Blum, Ralph. Folding Bed. 

Buckman, E. H. looo ft. Hemlock 

Baum & Co. Case of Whiskey. 

Branson, J. L. Bushes and Shriibs. 

Branson, J. L. Roses (2 dozen). 

Branson, J. L. Apple Trees. 

Crescent Mfg. Co. Gallon Fly De- 

Darmstadter, M. Clothing. 

Duhring, Dr. D. H. Five Century 

Deacon, H. R. 500 ft. Hemlock Board. 

Diligent Sewing Circle. Towels, 
Sheets and Pillow Cases. 

Elliott, A. G. Five Rolls Sheathing. 

Eagle Mattress Co. Six Mattresses. 

Estey & Bruce, Organ. 

Frank, Mrs. H. Base-ball Outfit. 

Friend. Barrel Flour. 

Furstenburg, David. Roses and Rose 

Francis Bros. & Jellett. Boiler for 

Garrett, Buchanan & Co. Five Rolls 

Girard Lumber Co. 500 ft. Hemlock 

Graham, Hugh. Roses (3 dozen). 
Grant, A. 150 Sash Bars. 
Greenpoint Metallic Bed Co. i doz. 

Iron Beds. 
Gueterman, Mrs. H. Box of Oranges. 
Herzberg Bros. ^ doz. Pairs OveralLs. 
Iowa Seed Co. Iowa Silver Mine Corn. 
Ingram, Wm. Cider Press. 
Kelley, Robert. White Lead. 
Kirhe, Dr. Wm. Medical Services. 
Klonower, Dr. Amelia. Professional 

Kohn, Mrs. A. Glasses. 
Krauskopf, Dr. Jos. & Mrs. Clock. 
Krauskopf, Dr. Jos. Greenhouse. 
Lalance & Grosjean. i doz. Agate 

Pitchers, i}4. doz. Agate Cups. 
Lichten, Moses. Steam Pipes for 

Lubin, S. Eye Glasses and Ther- 
Muhr, Mrs. Fannie. Two Pictures. 
Murtha, Early «& Co. 1000 Bricks. 
National Metal Edge Box Co. 100 

Flower Boxes. 
Needle Work Guild. Bag of Garments. 
Netter, David. Box Wines and Whis- 
North Bros. Ice Cream Freezer. 
Pittsburg Plate Glass Co. 12 Boxes 

Pittsburg Plate Glass Co., H. E. Sealy. 

Building Glass. 
Polak, Jos. Passover Cakes. 
Rosenau Bros. 1% doz. Straw Hats. 
Reading R. R. Co. Car Load Cinders. 
Rothschild, Mrs. M. 2 doz. Glasses 

and Barrel Flour. 
Schweriner, Theo. Slippers. 
Selig, Ely K. yi, doz. Uniforms, 
Sichel, Louis. Six Mattresses. 
Silverman, I. H. i Set Dinner Dishes. 
vSnellenburg, Nathan. Box Clothing. 
Snellenburg, N. & Co. Clothing. 
Sternberger & Co. Working Shirts. 
Temple Sewing Circle. Pillow Slips 

and Towels. 
Tickner, Mrs. H. J. Passover Cakes. 
Tileite Mfg. Co. Five gal. Mixed 

U. S. Agricultural Bureau. 10 lbs. 

Sugar Beet Seed. 
Vaughan, J. C. Bulbs for Greenhouse. 
Weber & Co. Three Chairs,Two Rock- 
ers, One Blacking Box. 
Weil, Louis. Overalls. 
Wetherill, Geo. & Co. White Paint. 
Whilden Pottery Co. 2000 Flower 



Albany, N. Y. 

Gideon Lodge, 

Allegheny, Pa. 

Jericho Lodge, 

Saar Sholem Lodge, .... 
Chicago, III. 

Mandel Bros., 

Cincinnati, O. 

Wm. Goodhart, 

Cleveland, O. 

Baron de Hirsb Lodge, . . . 
Cumberland, Md. 

Ber Chajitu Lodge, I. O. B. B. 
Denver, Colo. 

Denver Lodge, I. O. B. B., . 
Easton, Pa. 

Mrs. M. Stern, 

Elmira, N.Y. _ 

Empire State Lodge, I.O.B.B. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Julius Houseman Lodge, . . 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

Harry Pike, 

Houston, Tex. 

Lone Star Lodge 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Congregation B'nai Jehudah, 

Kansas City Lodge 

Lafayette, Ind. 

Barzillai Lodge, 

Langhorne, Pa. 

Jas. L. Branson, 

Meadville, Pa. 

Meadville Lodge, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Isaac Lodge, I. O. B. B., . . 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Minneapolis Lodge, I. O. B. B. 

Newark, N.J. 

L. Bamberger & Co., . . . • 
Neza Orleans, La. 

F. L. Lyons 

New York City. 

Asariah Lodge No. 164, . . 

M. Goldman, 

Hebron Lodge, I. O. B. B., 
Isacbar Lodge, I. O. B. B., 
Tbeodore Ladenburger, . . 
Edward J. Lauterbach, _ 
New York Lodge, I. O. B. B. 
Omaha, Neb. 

Kirschbaum & Sons, . . . 
Paterson, N.J. . ^ 

Consolidated Brewing Co., 

A friend, 

A friend, 

Mrs. M. Anspacb 

Mrs. Julia G. Arnold, . . • 
Mrs. S. Bacbaracb, . . . ■ 
Mrs. Bachenheimer, . . ■ 

F. H. Bachman 

Mrs. L. Bamberger 






















25 00 



. 1500 
. 100.00 

, 3.00 
. 10.00 
. 10.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 



Morris Bamberger $25 00 

Mrs. Henrietta Bash, in mem- 
ory of Michael Bash, . . . 100.00 

Mrs. Michael Bash, 10.00 

Albert Berkowitz, 12.50 

Mrs. Theresa Bernstein, . . . 10.00 

Isaac Blum, 50.00 

Ralph Blum, 100.00 

Mrs. R. Blum, 5-00 

H. B. Blumenthal, 5-oo 

Boys' Charitable Association, 5.00 

Cash 2.29 

Cash, 2.00 

Cong. Children of Israel, . . 5-00 
Mr=!. H. Dannenbaum, . . . 10.00 
Morris Dannenbaum, .... 5-0° 

Adolph Eichholz, 500 

Mrs. L. Eisner, i-oo 

Miss Ada Eabian, in memory 

of Mrs. Morris Mitchell, . 5-oo 

Alice Fleisher, i-oo 

Mrs. Cora B. Fleisher, . . . 5-0O 
Mrs. Henry C. Fleisher, . . 5-00 

Mrs. S. B. Fleisher, 5-00 

Mrs. Leon Folz, 5-oo 

Mr. & Mrs. S. L. Friedberger, 10 00 

Mrs. Jenette Gans, i-oo 

Mrs. Louis Gerstley, .... 25 00 
Samuel L. Gerstley, .... 5-oo 

S. Greenbaum i-oo 

Har Sinai Lodge 10.00 

Adolph Hess, 3 00 

Mrs. David Hirsh, J 0.00 

Herman Jonas, 50.00 

Sadie B. Josephson, .... 5-00 

Andrew Kaas, 5-oo 

A. Kaufman, 5-00 

Abe Kaufman, 5-0O 

Mathilda Kaufman, .... 25.00 
Morris A. Kaufman, .... 5-oo 
Mrs. A. B. Kirschbaum, . . 25.00 
Ladies' Auxiliary Board of 
National Farm School, . . 15-66 

Mrs. G. H. Lang, S-OO 

A. M. Langfeld, 5-00 

Henry Leffman, 10.00 

Mrs. Gerson L. Levy, .... 25.00 
Mrs S. N. Levy and children, 1 1.50 

Samuel D. Lit, 100.00 

ArthurLoeb, 5-00 

Howard A. Loeb, 5-00 

Mrs. Horace Loeb, 10.00 

Joseph Loeb, 5- 00 

Mrs. Jos. Loeb 5-oo 

Leo Loeb. 5-00 

Leopold Loeb 10.00 

Jacob Lowenberg, i-oo 

Irving S. Marks I-OO 

Mrs. Julia Menken, i-oo 

S. M. Myer, S-oo 

Angelo Myers 105.00 

Mrs. S. Nathan 5-00 

Wm. Nice 5-oo 


Samuel Nixon, . 
Wm. J. Ostheimer, 
Mrs. M. Powdermaker 

memory of husband, 
Mrs. H. D. Rosenbaum, 
Morris Rosenberg, 
J. G. Rosengarten, 
Mrs. S. Rosenthal, 
Mr. and Mrs. M Rosin 
Mrs. Ester Sailer, 
Mrs. Isaac Sailer, . . 
Harry Scholder, . . 
S. S. Sharp, .... 

A. Sickles, 

Mrs. Ida Silberman, 
Mrs. Ida Silberman, 
I. H. Silverman, . . 
Isaac H. Silverman, 
Mrs. Moses Simon, . 
Nathan Snellenburg, 
Nathan Snellenburg, 
Mrs. S. Snellenburg, 
H. Sternfeld, .... 
Richard Sutro, . . 
Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Teller^ 
Max Weinlander, 
Cbas. Weinman, . . 
Mrs. Chas. Weinman 
Mrs. J. Weinman, . 
Eugene Wieder, . . 






5. CO 










25 00 

1. 00 



Pittsburg, Pa. 

Louis J. Aaron, fro.oo 

Mrs. R. Rauh, 30.00 

A. J. Sunstein, in memory of 

Solomon Sunstein, .... 100.00 
Rodef Shalom Congregation, 50.00 
Pittsfield, Mass. 

AduUam Lodge, 3.00 

Plattsburg, N. Y. 

Joel Lodge, 5.00 

Portland, Or. 

Portland Lodge, I. O. B. B., . 5.00 
Richmond, Va. 

Clarence Millheiser, .... 20.00 
Trinidad, Colo. 

Trinidad Lodge No. 293, , . 5.00 
Uniontown, Ala. 

Concordia Lodge, 2.50 

Victoria, Tex. 
A. Levy & Co., . ...... 10.00 

Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

Bernard Levy, 5.00 

Special Fund. 

Made up of Fees paid Dr. 
Krauskopf from Marriage 
and Funeral Ceremonies, 
and Lectures, devoted by 
him to the interests of the 
National Farm School, . . 655.00 


Reported at Annual Meeting, October, 1898. 

As per Treasurer, M. M. NEWMAN'S Report. 


Cash Balance carried over, |r>o47 75 

From Dues, etc., 8,449 55 

I9.497 30 


Balance, $ 437 30 

Report of Chairman of Executive Committee. 


Cash on Books, 

Real Estate and Buildings, 
Furnishings and Fixtures, 

Live Stock, , 


Cash Advance, 

Tools and Implements, . . 

1 437 30 

22,373 94 





1 28 






51,436 72 


Hay and Feed, % 429 85 

Farming, 701 84 

Taxes 115 79 

Salaries and Wages, .... 2,164 73 

School Supplies, 23 12 

Light, Heat and Power, . . 429 77 

Incidentals, 590 21 

Clothing, . . .... 96 60 

Printing and Stationery, . . 430 80 

Provisions, 1,033 ^7 

Farming Supplies, 444 86 

$6,460 74