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Full text of "Circumstantial evidence. The extraordinary case of Eliza Fenning, who was executed in 1815, for attempting to poison the family of Orlibar Turner, by mixing arsenic in yeast dumplings. With a statement of facts, since developed tending to prove her innoce"

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Boston Medical Library 
in the Francis A. Countway 
Library of Medicine --Boston 

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For Atte?npting to Poison the Family of Orlibar Turner, by Mixing 
Arsenic in. Yeast Dumplings. 








[Price ONE PENNY.] 


The Trial and Execution of Eliza 
Penning-, in 1815, for an attempt to 
poison the family of Mr. Turner, the 
Law-stationer, will be in the recol- 
lection of most of our readers. The 
event excited great attention and 
interest at the time, on account of 
the conviction having- taken place on 
circumstantial evidence only, and the 
powerful asseverations of innocence 
on the part of the unhappy woman, 
np to the very moment of her death. 
At that time a large portion of the 
public thought her wrongfully con- 
demned, and some of the newspapers 
espoused her cause very warmly ; 
but, after a patient and impartial 
trial, and a subsequent investigation 
before the privy council, the evidence 
was considered too strong to leave a 
doubt of her guilt; and she was ex- 
ecuted. Years passed away without 
there appearing any reason to doubt 
the justice of the verdict ; but fresh 
interest lias been lately given to the 
subject, by a report that has been 
circulated, charging another with the 
dreadful deed ; and it is, therefore, 
thought that a reprint of the trial 
will be acceptable, as the first of a 
series of extraordinary Convictions 
on Circumstantial Evidence, intend- 
ed to be given in the Universal Pam- 

On Thursday, March 80, 1816, 
Eliza Fenning underwent an ex- 
amination at the Public Office, Hat- 
ton Garden, charged with attempting 
to poison the family of Mr. Turner, 
Law-stationer, No. 68, Chancery 
Lane, on the 2lst day of that month. 

Orlibar Tiirney^ deposed, that on 
Tuesday, the 21st of M arch, he dined 
at his house in Chancery Lane, with 

his son and daughter-in-law ; they 
had some yeast dumplings, with 
rump-steaks and potatoes. They 
had nearly dined, when Mrs. Char- 
lotte Turner retired to her room 
above stairs, and upon inquiry they 
found her complaining of violent 
sickness. Robert Turner and him- 
self were soon afterwards taken very 
ill, and vomited dreadfully. The 
apprentice, Roger Gadsden, went 
into the kitchen, and, seeing the 
remnant of the dumplings, was de- 
sirous of eating a part of them, but 
the prisoner, Eliza Fenning, endea- 
voured to dissuade him from it, by- 
saying they were cold and heavy, 
and would do him no good : he how- 
ever did eat a small portion of them, 
and was afterwards seized with 
violent vomitings also. The prisoner 
made no inquiry, nor did she do any 
thing to assist, but partook after- 
wards of the same dumplings, al- 
though she had had her dinner before, 
and was in consequence seized with 
similar vomiting. Having suspicion, 
he endeavoured to iind arsenic in the 
house, but failed in so doing. A 
quantity of arsenic had for many 
months been deposited in a drawer 
in the office, tied up in wrappers, 
and written on '* arsenic, deadly 
poison," which had been missed about 
three weeks. This was kept to be 
occasionally used to destroy mice, in 
the office drawers, where parchments 
and papers of consequence were 
deposited. Witness went into the 
kitchen, where seeing a brown dish 
or pan, in which the dumplings had 
been mixed, with water in it, he 
immediately examined it, and dis- 
covered, at the bottom of the dish, a 
powder, which appeared to have 



separated from the dough, which had 
remained in the dish. He took the 
dish, with its contents, and kept it 
for the examination of Mr. Marshall 
and Mr. Ogilvy, two medical gen- 
tlemen. Tiie prisoner admitted that 
no one but herself made the said 

Jo/miWar,s/i«/Z, a surgeon, deposed, 
that he was called to the family of 
Mr. Turner on the above day. He 
found the prisoner, Eliza Penning, 
lying on the stairs, apparently in 
great agony, and was informed she 
had vomited much. Witness was 
satisfied from the symptoms he saw 
in Mr. and Mrs. Robert Turner, Mr. 
Orlibar Turner, the prisoner Eliza 
Fenning, and the apprentice, that 
they were affected by poison. He 
had examined the dish and its con- 
tents, and found a quantity of arse- 
nic at the bottom of it. 

Charlotte Turner, the wife of 
Robert Turner, deposed, that the 
prisoner had lived with her about 
six weeks as cook. About three 
weeks ago witness had some dispute 
with the prisoner, on account of 
some indelicacy in her conduct, and 
gave her warning to quit, but after- 
wards took compassion on her, and 
changed her mind. The prisoner 
had frequently, within the last fort- 
night, teazed her to let her make 
some dumplings for dinner, adding 
" you cannot believe how well I 
can make them." Monday, the 20th, 
she told witness that the brewer had 
brought some yeast, which she or- 
dered witliout witness's desiring her. 
Witness, in consequence, ordered 
her to make the dumplings she had 
been so long talking of, for next 
day's dinner. Witness saw the 
dough after she had mixed it up, and 
firmly believed the deleterious in- 
gredients were then mixed in it, 
from its appearance being flat, 
black, and heavy. 

Sarah Peer, the housemaid, de- 
posed, that she had lived eleven 

months in Mr. Turner's family; she 
recollected hearing the prisoner say, 
after her mistress gave her warning, 
that she should never like them any 

Upon tliis evidence, Eliza Fenning 
was committed for trial, to the Old 
Bailey; and on Tuesday, April 11, 
she was tried before Sir John Sil- 
vester, the Recorder. The follow- 
ing is a correct abstract of the evi- 
dence : — 

Charlotte Turner sworn. — I am 
the wife of Robert Gregson Turner ; 
his father, Mr. Orlibar Turner, is 
his partner : he lives at Lambeth. 
The prisoner came into my service 
aboutsevenweeks before the accident. 

Q. After she came into your ser- 
vice, had you occasion to reprove 
her ? — A. I had, about three weeks 
after she came. 

Q. What was the reason that you 
reproved her? — A. I observed her 
one night go into the young men's 
room partly undressed. I said it 
was very indecent of her to go into 
the young men's room undressed. 

Q. What age were the young 
men ? — A. About seventeen or eigh- 
teen years old. 

Q. What was her conduct after 
that for the remaining month ? — A. 
I observed her fail in the respect 
that she before paid me, and she ap- 
peared extremely sullen. 

Q. Did she, after this, say any- 
thing to you on the subject of yeast 
dumplings ? — A. She did : a fort- 
night before the transaction, she re- 
quested me to let her make some 
yeast dumplings, saying she was a 
capital hand. That request was 
very frequently made. On Mon- 
day, the 20th of March, she came 
into the dining-room, and said the 
brewer had brought some yeast. 

Q. Had you given any order to 
the brewer to bring any yeast ? — A. 
Oh, no. I told her I did not wish 
to trouble the man — that was not the 
way I had them made : I generally 


had the dough of the baker, which 
saved the cook a good deal of trou- 
ble, and was always considered 
best ; but, as the man had brought 
a little yeast, on the next day she 
might make some. On Tuesday 
morning, the 21st, I went, as usual, 
into the kitclien. I told her she 
might make some, but, before she 
made tlie dumplings, to make a 
beef-steak pie for the dinner of the 
young men ; and, as she would 
have to leave the kitchen to get the 
steaks, I did not wish her to do so 
after the dumplings were made. I 
told her I wished them to be mixed 
with milk and water ; she said she 
would do them as I desired her. 
This was about half-past eleven : 
she carried the pie to the baker's 
before the kneading of the dough 
commenced. I told her, I wished 
her not to knead the dough, that 
she might carry the pie to the ba- 
ker's. She carried the pie to the 
baker's at near twelve ; I went into 
the kitchen after she had been to 
the baker's ; I gave directions about 
making the dough ; I said, 1 sup- 
pose there is no occasion for my 
stopping ; she said, — oh, no, she 
knew very well how to do it ; then 
I went up stairs ; in about half an 
hour I went into the kitchen again ; 
I then found the dough made ; it 
was set before the fire to rise. 

Q. What other servant have you ? 
— A. Another maid ; her name is 
Sarah Peer ; at the time that the 
dough was made, I had given Sarah 
Peer orders to go into the bed-room 
to repair a counterpane. I am cer- 
tain that during the time the dough 
was made no person was in the kit- 
chen but the prisoner ; this was about 
half-past twelve ; we dine at three, 
the young men at two. From half- 
past twelve till three I was in the 
kitchen two or three times, until the 
dough was made up into dumplings. 
Q. Where was the dough? — A. It 
remained in a pan before the fire to 

rise ; I observed it never did rise. 
I took off the cloth, and looked at 
it. My observation was, it had not 
risen, and it was in a very singular 
position,in which position it remained 
until it was divided into dumplings. 
It was not put into the pan as I have 
seen dough ; its shape was singular ; 
it retained that shape till the last ; I 
am confident it never was meddled 
with after it had been put there. 

Q. Who sat down to dinner with 
you ? — A. Mr. Orlibar Turner 
and my husband. I helped Mr. 
Orlibar Turner and my husband to 
some dumpling, and took a small 
piece myself. In a few minutes I 
found myself affected in the stomach ; 
Idid not eat a quarter of a dumpling; 
I felt myself very faint, and an ex- 
treme burning pain, which increased 
every minute. 

Jury. You eat nothing else ? — 
A. I eat a bit of beef-steak that the 
prisoner had cooked. When I went 
up-stairs I perceived my sickness 
had increased, and my head w^as 
swollen extremely. 1 retched very 
violently ; I wondered none of the 
family came up to my assistance ; I 
was half an hour alone. When I 
came down, I found my husband's 
father and my husband very bad. 

Orlibar Turner sworn. Q. Did 
you eat of the dumplings? — A. I did. 
I was taken ill in less than three 
minutes afterwards ; the effect was 
so violent, that I had hardly time to 
get into the yard before my dinner 
came up. I felt considerable heat 
across my stomach and chest, and 

Q. Did the prisoner give any of 
you anjr assistance while you were 
sick ? — A. None in the least. 

Q. Did you observe whether the 
prisoner cat any dumplings ? — A. I 
did not; I had suspicion of arsenic ; 
I made a search the next morning ; 
I found a brown dish or a pan that 
the dumplings had been mixed in ; 
there appeared to be the leavings of 


the dumplings in it ; I put some water 
into tlie pan, and stirred it up with a 
spoon, with a view to form' a liquid of 
the whole. Upon the pan being set 
down for half a minute, and my taking 
it up slowly, in a slanting direction, I 
discovered a white powder at the bot- 
tom ; I showed it to several persons in 
the house ; I kept it in my custody, and 
showed it to Mr. Marshall, when he 
came ; no person had access to it. 

Q. Had you any arsenic? — A. Yes: 
I kept it in a drawer in the office ; any 
person might have access to it. 

Q. Do you happen to know whether 
the prisoner can read ? — A. I believe 
she can read and write. 

Q. (To Mrs. Turner.) Is that so ?— 
A. She can read and write very well. 

Q. (To Mr. Turner.) Was that drawer 
locked or orn n ? - A It always re- 
inaioed open. 

Q. Who lit the fire in that office, do 
you know ? — A'. It was the prisoner's 
duty to do so ; she might properly re- 
sort to that drawer for paper to light 
her fire. I saw the paper of arsenic in 
that drawer on the 7th of March, but 
never after that time ; I heard of its 
being missed about a fortnight before 
the 21st of March. I observed that 
the knives and forks we had to eat the 
dumplings with were black ; there was 
no vinegar at all in the sauce. I have 
two of them in my pocket to show. 
(Witness produced two of the knives.) 
On the next day I asked the prisoner 
how she came to introduce any ingre- 
dients into the dumplings that were so 
prejudicial to us. She replied that it 
was not in the dumplings, but that it 
was in the milk that Sarah Peer brought 
in. 1 had several discourses with her 
on that day upon this subject ; during 
the whole of which, she persisted that 
it was the milk, as before described. 
That milk had been used for the sauce 
only : the prisoner made the dumplings 
with the refuse of the milk that had 
been left at breakfast. I asked the pri- 
soner if any person but herself had 
mixed or had anything to do with the 
dumplings ; she expressly said, no. 

Mr. Alley. Q. In the conversation 
you had with the prisoner, did you tell 
her that you had missed the poison? — 
A. I did not. 

Roger Gadsden sworn. — I am an ap- 
prentice to Mr. Turner. Q, Do you re- 
member seeing in the office a paper with 
" arsenic, deadly poison," written upon 
it ? — A. I do, sir : the last day I saw 
it was on Tuesday, the 7th of March. 
I missed it in a day or two afterwards ; 
I mentioned in the office that I had 
missed it. On Tuesday, the 2l3t of 
March, I went into the kitchen between 
three and four in the afternoon ; I had 
dined at two ; I observed there a plate 
on the table with a dumpling and a 
half; I took a knife and fork up, and 
was going to cut it to eat it ; the pri- 
soner exclaimed, " Gadsden, do not eat 
that, — it is cold and heavy, it will do 
you no good." I ate a piece about as 
big as a walnut ; there was a small 
quantity of sauce in the boat ; I put a 
bit of bread in it, sopped it up, and 
eat it. I was taken ill about ten mi- 
nutes afterwards, but not so ill as to 
vomit. In consequence of the distress 
the family were in, I was sent off to 
Mrs. Turner, the mother ; I was very 
sick going and coming back ; I thought 
I should die. 

Q. Who made the fire in the office ? 
— A. The prisoner ; nobody could get 
into the office until I did ; any person 
might go into the office in the day ; at 
night it was locked ; loose paper was 
kept in the drawer where the arsenic 
was kept. 

Margaret Turner sworn. — Upon this 
melancholy occasion I was sent for ; 
when I arrived, I found my husband, 
son, and daughter, extremely ill, and 
soon after I came the prisoner was 
sick and vomiting ; I exclaimed, " Oh 
these devilish dumplings," supposing 
they had done the mischief; she said, 
" Not the dumplings, but the milk, 
ma'am ;" I asked her what milk she 
meant ; she said the halfpenny-worth 
of milk that Sally had fetched to make 
the sauce. 

Q. Did she say who had made the 
sauce ? — A. Yes : my daughter. I 
said that cannot be, — it could not be 
the sauce ; she said, — " Yes : Gadsden 
had but a very little bit of the dump- 
ling, not bigger than a nut ; but he had 
licked up three parts of a boat of sauce 
with a bit of bread, and had been ill in 


Q. (To Mrs. Turner.) Was any of 
the sauce made with the milk that 
Sarah fetched?— A. It was ; I mixed 
it, and left it for Eliza to make. 

Robert Cregson Turner sworn. — Q. 
Did you partake of the dumplings 1 — 
A. Yes; I did. 

Q. Did you eat any of the sauce ? — 
A. None whatever. I was taken ill 
soon after dinner ; I was extremely 
sick, exactly as my father and wife 

Sarah Peer sivorn. — Q. Do you re- 
member the circumstance of warning 
being given to the prisoner, some time 
after she came ?— A. I do, sir : after 
that I heard her say she should not 
like Mr. and Mrs. Robert Turner. 

Q. On the morning of the 21st of 
March, did you go for any milk?— A. 
Yes ; that was after two, after I had 
had my dinner ; I eat beef-steak pie for 
my dinner; I never eat any of the 
dumplings ; the same flour was used 
for.the crust of the pie as for the dump- 

Q. Had you any concern whatever 
in making the dough for the dumplings ? 
— A. No, sir; nor the sauce; I was 
not in the kitchen when the dough was 
made; I had permission of my mistress 
, to go out that afternoon ; when I had 
taken the dumplings up I went di- 

William Thisselton sivorn.— 1 took 
the prisoner into custody on the 23d of 
March. I asked her whether she sus- 
pected there was anything in the flour. 
She said, she had made a beef-steak 
pie that day with the same flour she 
had used for the dumplings ; she said she 
thought it was in the yeast, — she saw 
a red sediment at the bottom of the 
yeast after she had used it. 

Mr. Marshall, the surgeon, deposed to 
the fact of arsenic having been mixed 
in the dough. 

The prisoner then delivered the fol- 
lowing defence ;— My lord, I am truly 
innocent of all the charge, as God is my 
witness ; I am innocent, indeed I am ; 
I liked my place, I was very comfort- 
able : as to my master saying I did not 
assist him, I was too ill. I had no 
concern with the drawer at all ; when 
I wanted a piece of paper, I always 
asked for it. 

Court. (To Roger Gadsden.) You 
say the prisoner used to light the office 
fire? — A. She used. I and my fellow 
apprentice have seen her go to that 
drawer many times. 

'She prisoner called four witnesses, 
who gave her a good character. 

The Recorder having summed up the 
evidence, the jury returned a verdict of 


On Wednesday, July 26th, Eliza 
Penning was executed, pursuant to her 
sentence, before the debtors' door, at 
Newgate. The morning was wet, 
gloomy, and disagreeable ; but the un- 
favourable state of the weather did not 
prevent the accumulation of an im* 
mense crowd at an early hour. 

She was neatly dressed in a white 
muslin gown, a handsome worked cap, 
and laced boots. 

A few minutes before she ascended 
the scaffold, the Rev. Mr. Cotton, the 
ordinary of Newgate, asked her whe- 
ther she had any communication to 
make ; she paused for a moment, and 
then said, with firmness and strong em- 
phasis, " Before the just and Almighty 
God, and by the faith of the holy sa- 
crament I have taken, I am innocent 
of the oifence with which I am charg- 
ed." She afterwards said, in an indis- 
tinct tone of voice, what seemed to the 
by-standers to be, — " That the truth of 
the business would be disclosed in the 
course of the day." The Rev. Mr. 
Cotton, anxious to learn, precisely, 
what she uttered, requested her to re- 
peat her words. She then said, — *' I 
am innocent, and I hope, in God, the 
truth may be disclosed in the course of 
the day." 

About a quarter before eight o'clock 
she ascended the platform with the 
same uniform firmness she had main- 
tained throughout. She conducted 
herself with great propriety, and seem- 
ed perfectly resigned to her fate. On 
being asked in this sad and awful mo- 
ment to confess her crime, she unhe- 
sitatingly declared, as she had done 
throughout her confinement, in the 
most solemn manner, her perfect inno- 
cence. She also expressed her perfect 


resignation, and her confidence of en- 
tering the kingdom of Heaven. This 
she repeated while the executioner was 
preparing for the final event. The ne- 
cessary preparations being made, at 
about tvFenfy minutes before nine the 
signal was given that all was ready, 
and she was launched into eternity, 'i'he 
last words of Eliza Penning, on being 
addressed' by her religious attendant, 
were — " I knov«' ray situation, and may 
I never enter the kingdom of Heaven, 
to which I feel confident I am going, if 
I am not innocent."' 

The Recorder, we understand, held 
a consultation with the Lord Chancel- 
lor and the Secretary for the Home De- 
partment, on Tuesday, on the subject, 
in consequence of a representation 
from some gentlemen who had investi- 
gated the case in Newgate ; but the 
evidence exhibited on the trial was 
deemed too conclusive to admit of 
mercy being extended to her. 

Within the last few weeks, a para- 
graph has appeared in many of the 
newspapers, staling that the son of Mr. 
Turner had died lately in a hospital, 
after confessing that he had mixed the 
poison in the food prepared by Eliza 
Penning, and was consequently guilty 
of the offence for which she suifered. 
Upon this statement, the Examiner 
newspaper of June 14, 1829, remarks — 
" We saw the paragraph alluded to, 
but know not whether its statement be 
correct. We think it very likely, 
because this we do know, that a son of 
the prosecutor. Turner, did on one 
occasion betray symptoms of insanity 
in the ;shop of Messrs. Corbyn, Hol- 
born, where he went to purchase arse- 
nic, and was refused by a gentleman 
of the establishment. This was not 
long previous to the affair of the al- 
leged attempt to poison by Eliza 
Penning ; and when the unfortunate 
girl was so strangely found guilty by 
the jury, the gentleman alluded to 
thought it his duty to submit Mr. Tur- 
ner's situation and conduct to the con- 
sideration of the Recorder Silvester. 
That man, however, had made up his 
mind, and nothing could move him. 
We took considerable pains at the 

time to obtain all the 'testimony ad- 
duced, and our firm conviction was, 
that there was not sufficient evidence 
to convict. Arsenic was kept in the 
house, and some of it certainly found 
its way into the flour that Eliza Pen- 
ning had made into a pudding. Of 
this she partook, as well as Mrs. Tur- 
ner and the children, and was ex- 
tremely ill in consequence. She had 
occasionally quarrelled with her mis- 
tress upon common matters, but there 
appeared no cause for anything like a 
feeling of revenge, such as so deadly 
an attempt as that to poison a whole 
family would indicate." 

Letters written by Eliza Fenning after 
her Trial. 

To Lord SidmoiUh. 
Newgate, 27th June, 1815. 
My Lord, — With deference 1 most 
humlDly beg leave to address your 
lordship ; at the same time, am en- 
tirely at a loss how I dare venture 
such a presumption ; but your lord- 
ship's well-known goodness and mercy, 
which has repeatedly been extended 
to many misej.'able creatures under ca- 
lamities like myself, encourages me, 
with all submission, to state my real 
situation to your lordship. I most 
humbly beg leave to inform your 
lordship, that I am tinder the awful 
sentence of death, on suspicion of 
poisoning IMr. Turner's family, which 
heinous crime I never was guilty of, 
I most solemnly declare to a just God, 
whom I must meet, and my blessed 
Redeemer, at the great and grand 
tribunal, when the seciets of all hearts 
will be known. Innocence induces 
me to solicit a fuller examination. I 
am the only child of ten, and to be 
taken off for such an ignominious crime 
strikes me and my dear parents with 
horror. I, therefore, most humbly beg 
leave to solicit your lordship's merciful 
interference in my behalf to spare my 
life, and my parents, with me, will be 
ever bound to pray for you. 
I remain. 
With due submission, 
Your poor, but innocent servant, 
Eliza Penning. 



To Mr. Turner, her Master. 

Honoured Sir,— With due submis- 
sion I most earnestly entreat of you to 
sign my petition, to save my life, 
which is forfeited for what I am not 
guilty of. Honoured sir, I do here 
most solemnly declare I never meant 
to injure you or any of your family; 
picture to yourself the distressed mind 
of my dear parents, to see their only 
child suffer such an ignominious death ; 
but innocent lam. May the blessed God 
give my ever dear parents strength to 
bear the dreadful affliction to see their 
only child suffer; but may you never 
feel the pangs of a broken heart, which 
your unfortunate servant endures. — 
Prayers for you and your family. 

Eliza Penning. 

P.S. If your goodness will comply 
with my request, I shall be bound to 
pray for you. 

It appears that Mr. Turner did not 
sign the petition. 

To her Parents. 

Felons'' Side, Newgate, 
July 21, 1815. 

' Dear and affectionate Parents, 

With heart-rending sighs and 
tears, I, for the last and ever last time, 
write these solemn lines to you, hoping 
and trusting the Almighty will give you 
strength and fortitude to bear the dis- 
tressing, awful, and dreadful scene 
that is about to take place. Believe 
me, cruel and pitiable is my unfortunate 
and aflfecting situation, but God's will 
be done, and with humble resignation 
I must bear my untimely fate. But 
what a pleasing consolation within this 
tortured breast to suffer innocently. 
Dear parents I do solemnly declare, 
was I never to enter the heavenly man- 
sion of heavenly rest,— I am murdered, 
— dear father and mother, believe I am 

your only child that speak the senti- 
ments of a broken heart ; do not let me 
distress your breaking hearts. I wish 
to comfort you, dearest of parents : be 
happy, pray take comfort, let me en- 
treat of you to be reconciled, and I 
will be happy in heaven with my dear 
sisters and brothers, and meet you bye 
and bye. Pray read the blessed Bible 
and turn your hearts, and live religious 
and holy lives, and there we shall be 
where sorrow and trouble will be no 
more. I grieve more to think I had an 
opportunity once and did not make use 
of it, yet there is time to pray to my 
Heavenly Father to forgive me all my 
sins and offences in my life past. It is 
only the passage of death that I have to 
go through, and I hope and trust in 
God that will soon be over. Oh, my 
blessed and beloved parents,think what 
are my present distressing feelings, to 
part from you who gave me my being, 
and nourished me at that breast, and 
was my sole comfort," and nursed me 
in helpless and infant years, and 
was always a direction to me in the 
sacred path of virtue, which I have 
strictly kept; it will be one sin less 
to answer for, as a spotless frame 
will be acceptable in the eyes of God ; 
I mention this as I let you know I 
have not done amiss. — Oh, dear pa- 
rents, what an affecting scene to part 
from you, which must be endured by 
the laws of justice, but justice has not 
been shown at the bar. Man judges 
man, but God will judge us at the last, 
who knows the secrets of all hearts, 
and they who swore my life away will 
never enter with me into rest. God 
bless you both, and may you live happy. 
Adieu, from your injured and unhappy 
child. Keep these few lines in remem- 
brance of me, as this is all the comfort 
I can afford with my imperfect prayers. 
Adieu, dear parents, — God bless you 
both. Eliza Penning. 

Aged 21 Years. 


G.H. Davidson, Printer, Ireland Yard, Doctors' Commons. 



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