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City Document — No. 1. 


Hon. H. A. S. DEARBORN, Mayok, 



APRIL 2, 1849. 




Itu Document — No. 1. 


Hon. H. A. S. DEARBORN, Mayoe, 




APRIL 2, 1S49. 





In Common Council, April 2, 1849. 

Ordered, That the address of His Honor the Mayor, delivered before the 
two branches of the City Council in convention, be printed for the use of the 
City Council. 

Passed, and sent up for concurrence. 


In Board of Aldermen, April 2, 1849. 

Concurred. JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk. 


Gentlemen - of the Board of Aldermen and 
Common Council: 

It is with great satisfaction, that I can congratu- 
late you, upon the favorable results, which have been 
realized, from the efficient measures, which have 
been adopted by the Council, since the establish- 
ment of the existing municipal government, — for ex- 
tending the means of education to the children of all 
admissible ages, in every portion of the City, — im- 
proving the condition of the highways, — organizing 
a more perfect Police for the better security of per- 
sons and property during the day and night, — pro- 
viding appropriate accommodations for those unfortu- 
nate and deeply to be commisserated men, women 
and children, who are compelled to seek a shelter 
from the storms of adversity, and the calamities of 
sickness and wounds, in an institution which has 
been specially founded for that purpose, — and for 
rendering the Fire Department as capable of per- 
forming the important and highly responsible duties 


which have been devolved upon its officers and 
members, as was consistent with the limited means 
which could be rightfully appropriated to that ob- 

During the past and preceding year, several 
objects, which were deemed worthy of being accom- 
plished, have been submitted to the Aldermen and 
Common Council for their consideration, and many 
of them have been sanctioned and achieved, in a 
manner which appears to have been generally satis- 
factory to the people ; while others have been refer- 
red to a more favorable condition of the finances, or 
rejected as inexpedient, under existing circum- 
stances. Among the latter classes was that of pur- 
chasing tracts of land in various parts of the City 
for public squares and promenades, and especially 
the area of an eminence near Highland street, which 
includes one of the numerous forts that were con- 
structed by the patriots of the Revolution, in the 
environs of the capitol, while it was invested by the 
army of Washington ; and so important is it that 
measures should be adopted for securing to ourselves 
and our posterity, such an interesting site, for the 
purposes of health and comfort, and the embellish- 
ment of the City, as well as a precious memorial of 
the brave, determined and successful contest for the 
Freedom and Independence which we enjoy, 
that I am urged, from motives of gratitude to those 
ever honored champions of Liberty, who perilled 
fortune and life for the Rights of Man, on that 
height, to again call your attention to the subject, 

1849.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 5 

for it has been ascertained that the land can be 
obtained on very favorable terms, as appears by the 
report of a Committee to whom the subject was re- 

As materials for repairing the highways are 
chiefly purchased, and at high prices, does not a 
prudential regard to the interests of the City dictate 
the expediency of instituting inquiries for ascertain- 
ing whether gravel hills and ledges of rocks cannot 
be obtained, in many of the wards, on such accepta- 
ble terms, as ultimately to greatly diminish the 
amount, which must otherwise be annually expend- 
ed, in maintaining the streets and roads in such a 
safe condition, as the laws of the Commonwealth and 
the convenience of the citizens so imperiously re- 

During the two past years measures have been 
projected for the establishment of a Rural Ceme- 
tery, in a central part of the City, and they have, 
thus far, been carried into effect, in such a success- 
ful manner, as to render it certain, that the whole 
plan can and will be executed, without the necessity 
of imposing anv additional taxes to defray the ex- 
pense, as appears by the Report of the Commission- 
ers, to whom the management of the establishment 
has been confided ; and the grounds having been 
enclosed and so far prepared for the purposes of 
their consecration, by the construction of avenues 
and paths and the location of burial lots, as to admit 
of interments and the erection of sepulchres, it is 
respectfully recommended that several, if not all of 


the other cemeteries in the City should be closed, 
as soon as it can be done in a manner that will be 
satisfactory to the community, for the reasons which 
induced the foundation of the Forest Hills Gar- 
den for the Dead. 

The expenditures for the support of the Schools 
and in the erection of edifices for the reception of 
the augmented and increasing number of pupils has 
been unusually large; but when the great object 
for which this expense has been incurred, is grave- 
ly considered, it is not possible that any parent, who 
regards the moral character, piety and future condi- 
tion of his children, can object to the liberal provi- 
sion which has been made for accomplishing those 
momentous objects, by affording ample means for 
intellectual acquirements, the inculcation of virtu- 
ous principles and the inducement of rectitude of 
deportment, at a period of life, when, if it is not 
then done, their destinies may be as sad and deplor- 
able, as an unrestrained career of idleness, ignorance, 
vice and crime can render them. For it is in child- 
hood that the character of the future man and 
woman is to be formed. Better, therefore, is it for 
the child and parents, as well as for society, that the 
mind and heart should be cultivated, than an inher- 
itance of millions, not only for the insurance of hap- 
piness in this world, but for a station of eminence 
in the realms of immortal beatitude. 

The heart is the sacred altar of all the most ad- 
mirable qualities of our race ; for while the mind is 
the citadel of thought, reason, truth, justice, and 

1849.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 7 

judgment, in the heart are enthroned those most 
adorable attributes of Omnipotence — Mercy and 
Charity. So pre-eminent above all the intellectual 
endowments were those of the heart considered by 
the inspired messenger of God, for the develope- 
ment and consummation of human excellence, that 
all his most eloquent entreaties and impressive con- 
jurements, for the reformation of man, and his res- 
toration to a primitive state of innocence and per- 
fection, were made to the heart. All his miracles, 
all his lessons of duty, all his acts on earth were 
dictates of the heart ; and his last most memorable 
words were addressed to that of the Almighty, when 
suffering the inflictions of insult, contumely and 
outrage, he benignly exclaimed — "Father forgive 
them ; for they know not what they do." Still the 
culture of the heart is too commonly utterly neglect- 
ed by parents and instructors, while the mind is 
often so over wrought, as to enfeeble its powers, and 
prostrate the physical energies in such a deplorable 
manner, as to suddenly blast those fondly cherished 
anticipations of distinction, which precocious devel- 
opement had encouraged, by an appalling intellect- 
ual decrepitude, or a premature death. 

By the generous consent of the government of 
Boston, the Commissioners of the Cochituate Water 
Works were authorized to place hydrants in the 
main pipe, which passes through Roxbury, for sup- 
plying the engines with water whenever fires oc- 
curred within the districts where the fixtures are 
located ; and so abundant is the quantity which can 


be furnished, that this favor cannot be too highly 
appreciated ; for the whole expense of attaching 
the hydrants and furnishing the requisite apparatus 
for using them has been defrayed by Boston, upon 
the sole condition that the water should not be em- 
ployed for any other purpose than the extinguish- 
ment of fires. 

As a secure place for the reception and safe keep- 
ing of the implements and the hose for connecting 
the hydrants with the engines was required, a small 
edifice has been erected on land belonging to the 
City, near the bridge, where the railroad crosses 
Washington street, — that position being nearly cen- 
tral between the hydrants. 

For this most acceptable illustration of the court- 
eous and liberal disposition of the government of 
Boston, the grateful acknowledgements of the Coun- 
cil were tendered, with an assurance that Roxbury 
would cheerfully reciprocate the favor which had 
been bestowed, whenever an occasion occurred for 
enabling it to do so. 

These additional sources for the supply of water 
will greatly facilitate the operations of the Fire De- 
partment, and it will thus be enabled to attain a still 
higher position in public estimation. The Chief 
Engineer and his Assistants, as well as the officers 
and members of the several Engine Companies, 
eminently merit the highest commendation for the 
very complete and efficient organization which they 
have established, and the faithful manner in which 
they have discharged their very laborious duties. 

1849.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 9 

To render an enforcement of the laws and ordin- 
ances less difficult and vexations, it has been ascer- 
tained, after an experience of three years, that a 
more uniform, acceptable and perfect system of 
jurisprudence should be introduced, by the estab- 
lishment of a Police Court ; and this, it is confidently 
believed can be done, in a manner that will not be 
as obnoxious to complaint as that which now exists, 
and will besides greatly diminish the number of 
suits, as well as the expense of prosecutions, both to 
the City and the opposite parties. 

The Report of the Committee on Accounts, 
which has been printed and distributed throughout 
the City, contains such a detailed and lucid state- 
ment of the receipts and expenditures, during the 
past fiscal year, that it is only necessary so far to 
allude to the subject, as to state, that the appropria- 
tions which have been made, were limited to objects 
of primary consequence, while several others, which 
it was very desirable to accomplish, were deferred, 
from a determined disposition to confine the ex- 
penditures within the narrowest compass possible, 
consistent with a proper attention to the require- 
ments of the various departments of the government, 
and the expectations of the inhabitants in each of 
the wards, who had a right to claim a just and 
equitable participation, in whatever might be done 
for promoting the general weal. 

As it is a duty enjoined by the Charter, I shall, 
on all proper occasions, " communicate such inform- 
ation and recommend such measures," as may be 

10 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [April. 

deemed worthy of your consideration ; and with as- 
surances of an anxious desire for a cordial co-opera- 
tion in the performance of the respective duties 
which have been imposed upon the legislative and 
executive branches of the government, in such a 
prompt and faithful manner as will most effectually 
tend to an impartial execution of the laws, the pre- 
servation of tranquility, the advancement of the in- 
terests of the City and the prosperity and happiness 
of the whole people, it is my ardent aspiration that 
we may be guided in our course by that holy pow- 
er, on which all human efforts are dependent for 


Roxhury, April 2, 1849.