Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/citydocuments532roxb City Document — No. 2. EEGULATIONS THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE, CITY OF ROXBURY. ADOPTED JANUARY, 1853. In School Cobimittee, Jan. 19, 1853. Ordered, That One Thousand Copies of the School Regula- tions be printed for the use of the Committee. JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. ROXBURY : , THOMAS PRINCE, CITY PRINTER. 1853. SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. REGULATIONS SCHOOL COIIITTEE OF ROXBUM. CHAPTER!. Organization. Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be held on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization of the City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary shall then be chosen by ballot. There shall also be appointed, at the same meeting, a local committee for each school in the city, to consist of three members for the Washington, Dudley, and Dearborn Schools, and one member for each primary and intermediate school. Sect. 2. A Committee on Primary and Intermediate School Teachers, consisting of five members, shall also be appointed, whose duty it shall be, to keep a register of the names of all applicants, with their credentials, for reference whenever a teacher is to be elected. They shall be con- vened once a month, or as often as occasion may require; and having been notified of a vacancy, they shall appoint a teacher to fill it, from any source which may best promote the interests of the school, to be confirmed within three months, by the Board. Sect. 3. A committee shall also be appointed, to consist of the Chairman of the Board and four members, for the selection of text-books to be used in the schools, also com- mittees consisting of three members each, on Rules and Regulations and on Finance. 1853.J CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 3 Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Finance, to confer with any committee of the Board of Aldermen and Common Council on the subject of appro- priations for the Public Schools. Sect. 5. Stated quarterly meetings of the Board shall be held on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in February — on the first Wednesday in June — on the Wed- nesday after the last Monday in July — and on the second Wednesday after Thanksgiving day. Sect. 6. At the last quarterly meeting in the year, the teachers of the public schools shall be elected, and their salaries voted. Sect. 7. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Sect. 8. All meetings of the Board shall be held in public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and notice thereof shall be given to all the members, four days previous. CHAPTER II. Rights and Duties of the Chairman.. Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely at the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he shall call the members to order, and on the appearance of a quo- rum, shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be read, and proceed to business. In the absence of the Chair- man, the Board shall choose a Chairman pro tempore. Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of the Board, whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the request in writing of any two members. Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the Board shall otherwise direct. Sect. 4. He shall preserve decorum and order in the meetings ; he may speak to points of order in preference to other members, and shall decide all questions of order, 4 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. subject to an appeal to the Board, on motion of any mem- ber, regularly seconded. Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes, but if any member doubt the vote, the Chairman, without further debate upon the question, shall require the members voting to rise and stand until they are counted, and he shall declare the result. Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the chair, provided such substitution shall not continue longer than one meeting. When the Board shall determine to go into Committee of the Whole, the Chairman shall appoint the member who shall take the chair. The Chairman may express his opinion on any subject under debate, but in such case he shall leave the chair, and appoint some other member to take it , and he shall not resume the chair while the same question is pending. But the Chairman may state facts, and give his opinion on questions of order, with- out leaving his place. Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take the sense of the Board in that manner, provided one-third of the members present, are in favor of it. Sect. 8. After a motion is seconded, and stated by the Chairman, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board, unless the mover Avithdraw it before a decision or an amendment. Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to ad- journ as always in order, unless a member has possession of the floor, or any question has been put and not decided ; and said motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate. Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the fol- lowing form : "Shall the main question be now put?" and all amendments or further debate of the main question shall be suspended, until the previous question shall have been decided ; and the previous question shall not be put, unless a majority of the members present are in favor of it. Sect. 1L When two or more members happen to rise at the same time, the Chairman shall name the member who is first to speak. 1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 5 CHAPTER III. Duties of the Secretary. Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be kept on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all the proceedings of the Board ; he shall notify all stated and special meetings ; he shall notify the Chairmain of any com- mittee appointed, stating the commission, and the names of the members ; he shall notify the meetings of all committees when requested by their Chairman ; he shall notify the in- structors of their appointments, and shall give such other notices as the Board may require. Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required by the statute of the Commonwealth. CHAPTER IV. Rights and Duties of Members. Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate, or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall confine himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality. Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another member by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward he represents, the place he sits in, or such other designation as may be intelligible and respectful. Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a mis- take. But if any member in speaking, or otherwise, trans- gress the Rules of the Board, the Chairman shall^ or any member may call him to order ; in which case the member so called to order, shall immediately sit down, unless per- mitted to explain ; and the Board, if appealed to, shall de- cide on the case, but without debate. Sect. 4. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be considered by the Board, and not otherwise ; and when a question is under debate, no motion shall be received but 6 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. to adjourn; to lay on the table; for the previous question; to postpone to a day certain ; to commit ; to amend ; or to postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand. Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Chairman desire, or any member of the Board request it. Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made, and car- ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member to move for a reconsideration, and if such motion is seconded, it shall be open to debate, and be dis- posed of by the Board. And in case the motion be made at the same meeting, it shall be competent for a majority of the mumbers present to pass a vote of reconsideration ; but if it be made at a subsequent meeting, the subject shall not be reconsidered unless a majority of all the members of the Board shall vote therefor. But no more than one motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall be permitted. Sect. 7. Every member who shall be present when a question is put, shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, oxcuse him. Sect. 8. On the " previous question," no member shall speak more than once without leave of the Board. Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be deter- mined by a vote of the Board. Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations shall lie upon the table at least two weeks. Any rule may be suspended for the time behig by a vote of two-thirds of the members present. CHAPTER V. Duties of Local Committees. Sect. 1. The Local Committees, at the beginning of every term, shall, according to the best of their judgment, fix the amount of studies, in the several branches to begone over, by the respective classes. Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall visit their respect- ive schools at least once a month, and oftener if convenient. 1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 7 Sect. 3. The Local Committees shall give their advice to the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance of any difficulty which may have occurred between the in- structors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between the instructors themselves, relative to the government or in- struction of the school. An appeal, however, to the whole Board, is not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor. Sect. 4. The several chairmen of the Local Committees of the Grammar schools shall be the organ of communica- tion between said committees and the schools ; but shall not act definitely on any matter of interest to the school, with- out the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee. Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in any Grammar School in the place of any teacher, the Chairman and Local Com- mittee shall, if they think proper, after an examination of his or her qualifications, appoint a teacher pro tempore ; and give notice of such vacancy, at the next quarterly meeting of the Board, that it may be filled by election. And no teacher shall be appointed by the Board, until he shall have been examined as aforesaid, and shall have received a satisfactory certificate thereof The masters or heads of department shall be consulted in the appointment of their assistants. Sect. 6. In addition to these specific duties of the Local Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to make any temporary arrangement which they may find necessary, relative to their schools, or the convenience of the instruc- tors, in cases not provided for by the general regulations. Sect. 7. Although the interest of the schools demands Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall consider it his duty to watch over all the public schools in the city, to attend their examinations, and to visit them at other times according to their ability. Sect. 8. All bills for salaries, repairs, books and furni- ture, shall be approved by the Local Committees, or in case of absence or any other inability by the Secretary of the Board. SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. REGULATIONS PUBLIC SCHOOLS CHAPTER I. Teachers. Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They shall punctually observe the hours for opening and dismissing the school, and during school hours shall devote themselves to the public service. Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very deficient, by the quarterly examining committee, and placed on pro- bation by order of the Board, the Secretary shall notify such teacher of the same, and state the deficiencies reported. Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall be commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures, fol- lowed by the Lord's Prayer. Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school rooms of their respective schools ten minutes before the time pre- scribed for commencing the school — the object being to afibrd a shelter to those scholars who may arrive early at the school house. Sect. 5. The teachers shall give the children constant employment, and endeavor by judicious and diversified modes, to render the exercises of the school pleasant as well as profitable; they shall maintain firm, prudent, and vigi- lant discipline : they shall punish as sparingly as possible, consistent with securing obedience, and shall govern by per- suasive and gentle measures as far as practicable. They shall never resort to corporal punishment, until other means of influencing the pupils shall have failed ; and when it shall 1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 9 be necessary, it shall be administered in such a manner as to operate on the moral sensibilities of the pupil in the strongest manner. They shall keep a record of all corporal punishments inflicted upon the scholars, containing the name of the party punished, the kitid and degree of pun- ishment the alleged cause thereof, and report the same quaterly to this Board. And no quarterly abstract from any teachers shall be accepted unless this requisition be strictly complied with. As far as practicable, they shall also exercise a general inspection over their scholars, as well out of as within the walls of the school, and on all suit- able occasions inculcate upon them the principles of truth and virtue. Sect. 6. The teachers shall keep a list of the scholars under their instruction, and shall record the page of the text-book at which every class commences in each term> and also the page to which it shall have advanced during said term, and this record shall be open to the inspection of the school committee. Sect. 7. The teachers of the several Grammar schools and their assistants shall impart oral instruction to their pupils, at stated times, by assigning topics for their consid- eration, refering them to approved works for information, questioning them upon the themes assigned, and communi- cating such information thereon as they may think neces- sary. These exercises shall take place as frequently as may be practicable in the opinion of the Local Committee and teachers. A list of the topics shall be open to the in- spection of the examining committee. Sect. 8. In all the classes of the Grammar schools (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legible hand) the teachers shall require, at least once in two weeks, regular exercises in Composition, to consist of Essays, Letters, Descriptions, or Abstracts of Lessons, according to the age and capacity of the pupils. These exercises shall be corrected by the teachers, and preserved with their dates respectively, in writing books, to be inspected by the committee, as evidence of the proficiency of the pupils in 2 10 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. penmanshvp^ -punctuation^ ii.se of capitals^ spellings and the grammatical construction of sentences. In the first division of the Washington and Dearborn schools there shall also be regular exercises in declam^ation. Sect. 9. When the example of any pupil is very injuri- ous, and in all cases where reformation appears hopeless, it shall be the duty of any teacher, with the approbation of the Local Committee, to suspend or expel such pupil from the school. But any child under this public censure, who shall have expressed to the teacher his regret for his folly or indiscretion, as openly and implicitly as the nature of the case may require, and shall have given evidences of amend- ment, shall, with the previous consent of said committee, be reinstated in the privileges of the school. Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take good care of the apartments of the public buildings which they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them ; also to attend to the ventilation and temperature of the school rooms, and to the cleanliness and comfort the pupils. Sect. 11. No subscription or contribution, for any pur- pose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers, in any public school. Sect. 12. Any teacher of our schools may, by permis- sion of the Local Committee, take half a day each term, for visiting such other school in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be designated, and the name of the school thus vis- ited shall be entered in the teachers' register, with the date of the visit. Sect. 13. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the charge of his school without giving at least three weeks notice to the Local Committee ; and in ordinary cases no teacher shall be required to give up the charge of his school without having received at least three weeks notice to that effect. Sect. 14. Any teacher who shall persist in violating the Rules of this Board, shall be put on probation by the local committee or the chairman, who shall report the delinquen- cy at the next meeting of the Board. 1852.] "city document.— No. 2. 1] Sect. 15. The teachers are authorized to make vocal music one of the exercises of the school. Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of tlie Principals of the Washington and Dearborn Grammar schools, to see that those pupils, who have completed the course of studies, re- quired in these schools, be transferred to the High School, without any unnecessary delay. CHAPTER II. Pupils. Sect. 1. All children residing within the limits of this city, shall, on application to the Local Committee, have free admission to such public school as, in the opinion of said Committee, they may be qualified to enter, provided they be five years of age ; and no obstacle shall be interposed by any teacher, or any member of this Board. Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the public schools, without a certificate from his parent, or a physician, that he has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured against the contagion of the small pox. Sect. 3. Children wlio can pass a satisfactory examina- tion by the head masters, in the simple rudiments of read- ing, arithmetic, and geography, shall, upon application, be admitted into the Grammar schools, 'provided they shall be eight ^rears of age. Children above eight years of age, though not possessing the requisite qualifications, may be admitted by special permission from the Local Commitee of the school. No pupils shall be promoted to the Grammar schools from the Primary, except on the first Monday of each term, through the year ; but pupils may be transferred, at other times, from one school to another of the same rank, provid- ed they bear a certificate from the teacher of the school they leave, expressing their standing and character, as a condition of their admission by the teacher to whom they apply for that purpose. No pupil shall be admitted mto an Intermediate School, 12 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. from a Primary, except by the express permission of the Local Committee of the Intermediate school, and in such case only on the first week of the month. Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension, from one school, shall be admitted to the privilieges of an- other, unless by a vote of this Board. Sect. 5. In the Grammar schools there shall be a recess for every pupil, from ten to fifteen minutes; and in the Primary from fifteen to twenty minutes. Sect. 6 Pupils shall not absent themselves from school except on account of sickness, or other urgent reason ; and no request for absence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a written one from the parents or guardians. CHAPTER III. Periods of Insti'uctioti. Sect. 1 There shall be four Terms in the year. The Jirst term shall commence on the Monday after the fourth Monday in February. The second shall commence on the Monday following the last Wednesday in May. The third shall commence in four weeks after the last Monday in July. The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks- giving Day. Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, Sundays and the holidays and vacations hereafter specified, excepted. The Grammar schools shall begin at eight o'clock in the morning, from May to August inclusive. With this excep- tion, all the schools shall begin at 9 o'clock, A. M. Sect. 3. There shall be the following vacations : — 1. One week, commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb- ruary. 2. One week, commencing oji the Monday before the last Wednesday in May. 1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 13 3. Four weeks, commencing the last Monday in July. 4. One week, commencing on the Monday before Thanks- giving Day. Sect. 4. The following holidays shall be granted, alike to all the schools : — Every Wednesday and Saturday after- noon ; Fast Day ; Independence Day ; Christmas Day ; New Year's Day ; May Day ; — No holiday not herein spe- cified shall be given except by a vote of this Board, or by a written certificate signed by at least seven members of the School Committee ; and in such case it shall be given alike to all the schools in the city. Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the schools in this city, for which purpose their respective schools may be dismissed ; it being understood, however, that this per- mission is not granted except to those teachers who actually attend said Convention. CHAPTER IV. Examinations. Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some member or members of the Board designated by him, shall visit and examine every public school in the city, at least once each quarter, without giving previous notice to the teachers, ac- cording to the provisions of the statute. It shall be the duty of this committee to obtain accurate information of the con- dition of each school, and at the next quarterly meeting to make a report to the Board, in toriting, of their examination and its results; of the condition of the school-houses, and of any occurrences affecting the standing and usefulness of the schools. Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the first term, a committee of four members of the Board, shall ex- amine all the Grammar schools, and a committee of six members, all the Primary and Intermediate schools in the city, and report upon the same, previously to the annual election of teachers. 14 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. CHAPTER V Books and Studies. Sect. 1. The books used, and studies pursued, shall be such^ and such only, as may be authorized by this Board. Sect. 2. The Text-Books in the English High School the first year shall be the following : 1. Review of the preparatory studies, using the Text- Books authorized in the Grammar Schools of the city. 2. Ancient Geography. 3. General History. 4. Sherwin's Algebra. 5. French Language. Sect. 3. The Text-Books in the Grammar Schools shall be the following : — Worcester's Dictionary, Swan's Spelling Book, Tower's Gradual Reader, Swan's Dist. School Reader, Swan's Gram. School Reader, American First Class Book, Russell's Introduction to his Elocutionary Reader, Russell's Elocution' y Reader, Maglaughlin's Practical Elo- cutionist, Butler's Grammar, Parley'sFirst Book of History, Worcester's History, Mitchell's Prima. Geography, Mitchell's School Geography, Colburn's Mental Arithmetic, Leach and Swan's Arithmetic, Sherwin's Algebra, Tillinghast's Geometry, Davies or Day's Surveying, Olmstead's Natural Philoso- phy, Smith's Astronomy, Abercrombie's Intellectual Philosophy, Wood's First Lessons in Bot- any. Sect. 4. The Text-Books in the Primary schools shall be the following : — Swan's Primary Spelling Book, Swan's Primary School Readers, Outline Maps, Leach and Swan's Primary School Arithmetic. Sect. 5. Books and Stationery, required in the Scoools, shall be provided under the direction of the Book Commit- tee, at the most economical prices. Scholars requiring books shall be directed by their teacher to provide them. If not so provided within three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or guardian, in writing, of the kind of book required, and in case of his neglect to pro- 1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 15 vide in two days thereafter, shall then make a requisition upon the Local Committee, in which shall be expressed the name of such scholar, the name of the parent or guardian, and the name of the book ; and it shall be the duty of the Local Committee thereupon to furnish the book, and make return thereof, according to law, to the Assessors of the city. CHAPTER VI. Morals. The attention of teachers is particularly directed to the following Section of the Revised Statutes : " Sect. 7. It shall be the duty of the president, professors and tutors of the university of Cambridge, and of the several colleges, and of all preceptors and teachers of academies, and all other instructors of youth, to exert their best endeavors to impress on the minds of children and youth, committed to their care and instruction, the principles of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to truth, love to their country, humanity and universal benevolence, sobriety, industry and frugality, chastity, moderation and temperance, and those other vir- tues which are the ornament of human society, and the basis upon which a republican constitution is founded ; and it shall be the duty of such instructors to endeavor to lead their pupils, as their ages and capacities will admit, into a clear understanding of the tendency, of the above-mentioned virtues to preserve and perfect a republican constitution, and secure the blessings of liberty as well as to promote their future happiness, and also to point out to them the evil tendency of the opposite vices." 16 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan. SCHOOL COMMITTEE-1853. Elected at Large. William H. Ryder, William A. Crafts, Horatio G. Morse. Elected by Wards. Joseph Bugbee, John Jones. Joshua Seaver, A. I. Cummings. Julius S. Shailer, Joseph H. Streeter. John Wayland, Theodore Otis. Daniel Leach, Bradford K. Peirce. Julius S. Shailer, Chairman. Joshua Seaver, Secretary. Ward 1. (1 2. (( 3. (. 4. (( 5. SUB-COffllTTEES. Books. — Messrs. Shailer, Morse, Peirce, Ryder, Crafts. Finance. — Messrs. Seaver, Crafts, Jones. Regulations. — Messrs. Wayland, Leach, Otis. Filling Vacancies of Teachers in Primary and Intermediate Schools. — Messrs. Otis, Wayland, Morse, Cummings, Ryder. English High School. Messrs. Ryder, Leach, and Shailer. Grabimar Schools. Dudley. — Messrs. Wayland, Cummings, Streeter. Washington. — Messrs. Ryder, Crafts, Otis. Dearborn. — Messrs. Peirce, Morse, Jones. Intermediate. — Mr. Seaver. Primary Schools. Nos. 1 & 2. 3& 4. 5 & 6. 7& 8. Yeoman street, Bugbee. Eustis street, Morse. Sumner street, Jones. Vernon street, Seaver. 9 & 10. Oxford street, Cum- mings. 11 & 12. Avon Place, Cummings. 13. Mill Dam, Otis. 14 & 15. Smith street, Crafts. 16 & 17. Orange street, Otis. Nos. 18 & 19. Centre st., Wayland. 20. Centre street, Streeter. 21 & 22. Edinboro' st., Ryder. 23 & 24. Elm street, Leach. 25. Munroe street, Peirce. 26. Binney street. Crafts. 27. East street, Bugbee. Almshouse School, Cummings.