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City Document — No. 2.
THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE,
CITY OF ROXBURY.
ADOPTED JANUARY, 1853.
In School Cobimittee, Jan. 19, 1853.
Ordered, That One Thousand Copies of the School Regula-
tions be printed for the use of the Committee.
JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary.
ROXBURY : ,
THOMAS PRINCE, CITY PRINTER.
SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
SCHOOL COIIITTEE OF ROXBUM.
Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be held
on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization of the
City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary shall then
be chosen by ballot. There shall also be appointed, at the
same meeting, a local committee for each school in the city,
to consist of three members for the Washington, Dudley,
and Dearborn Schools, and one member for each primary
and intermediate school.
Sect. 2. A Committee on Primary and Intermediate
School Teachers, consisting of five members, shall also be
appointed, whose duty it shall be, to keep a register of the
names of all applicants, with their credentials, for reference
whenever a teacher is to be elected. They shall be con-
vened once a month, or as often as occasion may require;
and having been notified of a vacancy, they shall appoint a
teacher to fill it, from any source which may best promote
the interests of the school, to be confirmed within three
months, by the Board.
Sect. 3. A committee shall also be appointed, to consist
of the Chairman of the Board and four members, for the
selection of text-books to be used in the schools, also com-
mittees consisting of three members each, on Rules and
Regulations and on Finance.
1853.J CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 3
Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on
Finance, to confer with any committee of the Board of
Aldermen and Common Council on the subject of appro-
priations for the Public Schools.
Sect. 5. Stated quarterly meetings of the Board shall
be held on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in
February — on the first Wednesday in June — on the Wed-
nesday after the last Monday in July — and on the second
Wednesday after Thanksgiving day.
Sect. 6. At the last quarterly meeting in the year, the
teachers of the public schools shall be elected, and their
Sect. 7. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for
the transaction of business.
Sect. 8. All meetings of the Board shall be held in
public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and
notice thereof shall be given to all the members, four days
Rights and Duties of the Chairman..
Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely at
the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he shall
call the members to order, and on the appearance of a quo-
rum, shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be
read, and proceed to business. In the absence of the Chair-
man, the Board shall choose a Chairman pro tempore.
Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of
the Board, whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the
request in writing of any two members.
Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the
Board shall otherwise direct.
Sect. 4. He shall preserve decorum and order in the
meetings ; he may speak to points of order in preference to
other members, and shall decide all questions of order,
4 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
subject to an appeal to the Board, on motion of any mem-
ber, regularly seconded.
Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes, but if any member
doubt the vote, the Chairman, without further debate upon
the question, shall require the members voting to rise and
stand until they are counted, and he shall declare the result.
Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the
chair, provided such substitution shall not continue longer
than one meeting. When the Board shall determine to go
into Committee of the Whole, the Chairman shall appoint
the member who shall take the chair. The Chairman may
express his opinion on any subject under debate, but in
such case he shall leave the chair, and appoint some other
member to take it , and he shall not resume the chair while
the same question is pending. But the Chairman may
state facts, and give his opinion on questions of order, with-
out leaving his place.
Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to
be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take the
sense of the Board in that manner, provided one-third of
the members present, are in favor of it.
Sect. 8. After a motion is seconded, and stated by the
Chairman, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board,
unless the mover Avithdraw it before a decision or an
Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to ad-
journ as always in order, unless a member has possession of
the floor, or any question has been put and not decided ; and
said motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate.
Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the fol-
lowing form : "Shall the main question be now put?" and
all amendments or further debate of the main question shall
be suspended, until the previous question shall have been
decided ; and the previous question shall not be put, unless
a majority of the members present are in favor of it.
Sect. 1L When two or more members happen to rise at
the same time, the Chairman shall name the member who
is first to speak.
1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 5
Duties of the Secretary.
Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records
of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be kept
on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all the
proceedings of the Board ; he shall notify all stated and
special meetings ; he shall notify the Chairmain of any com-
mittee appointed, stating the commission, and the names of
the members ; he shall notify the meetings of all committees
when requested by their Chairman ; he shall notify the in-
structors of their appointments, and shall give such other
notices as the Board may require.
Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required by
the statute of the Commonwealth.
Rights and Duties of Members.
Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate,
or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his
place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall confine
himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality.
Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another
member by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward
he represents, the place he sits in, or such other designation
as may be intelligible and respectful.
Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by
another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a mis-
take. But if any member in speaking, or otherwise, trans-
gress the Rules of the Board, the Chairman shall^ or any
member may call him to order ; in which case the member
so called to order, shall immediately sit down, unless per-
mitted to explain ; and the Board, if appealed to, shall de-
cide on the case, but without debate.
Sect. 4. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall
be considered by the Board, and not otherwise ; and when
a question is under debate, no motion shall be received but
6 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
to adjourn; to lay on the table; for the previous question;
to postpone to a day certain ; to commit ; to amend ; or to
postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall have
precedence in the order in which they stand.
Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if
the Chairman desire, or any member of the Board request it.
Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made, and car-
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for
any member to move for a reconsideration, and if such
motion is seconded, it shall be open to debate, and be dis-
posed of by the Board. And in case the motion be made at
the same meeting, it shall be competent for a majority of
the mumbers present to pass a vote of reconsideration ; but
if it be made at a subsequent meeting, the subject shall not
be reconsidered unless a majority of all the members of the
Board shall vote therefor. But no more than one motion
for the reconsideration of any vote shall be permitted.
Sect. 7. Every member who shall be present when a
question is put, shall give his vote, unless the Board, for
special reasons, oxcuse him.
Sect. 8. On the " previous question," no member shall
speak more than once without leave of the Board.
Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, and
the same is objected to by any member, it shall be deter-
mined by a vote of the Board.
Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations
shall lie upon the table at least two weeks. Any rule may
be suspended for the time behig by a vote of two-thirds of
the members present.
Duties of Local Committees.
Sect. 1. The Local Committees, at the beginning of
every term, shall, according to the best of their judgment,
fix the amount of studies, in the several branches to begone
over, by the respective classes.
Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall visit their respect-
ive schools at least once a month, and oftener if convenient.
1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 7
Sect. 3. The Local Committees shall give their advice
to the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance
of any difficulty which may have occurred between the in-
structors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between the
instructors themselves, relative to the government or in-
struction of the school. An appeal, however, to the whole
Board, is not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor.
Sect. 4. The several chairmen of the Local Committees
of the Grammar schools shall be the organ of communica-
tion between said committees and the schools ; but shall not
act definitely on any matter of interest to the school, with-
out the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee.
Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in any Grammar School
in the place of any teacher, the Chairman and Local Com-
mittee shall, if they think proper, after an examination of
his or her qualifications, appoint a teacher pro tempore ; and
give notice of such vacancy, at the next quarterly meeting
of the Board, that it may be filled by election. And no
teacher shall be appointed by the Board, until he shall have
been examined as aforesaid, and shall have received a
satisfactory certificate thereof The masters or heads of
department shall be consulted in the appointment of their
Sect. 6. In addition to these specific duties of the Local
Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to make any
temporary arrangement which they may find necessary,
relative to their schools, or the convenience of the instruc-
tors, in cases not provided for by the general regulations.
Sect. 7. Although the interest of the schools demands
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall
consider it his duty to watch over all the public schools in
the city, to attend their examinations, and to visit them at
other times according to their ability.
Sect. 8. All bills for salaries, repairs, books and furni-
ture, shall be approved by the Local Committees, or in case
of absence or any other inability by the Secretary of the
SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the
Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They shall
punctually observe the hours for opening and dismissing
the school, and during school hours shall devote themselves
to the public service.
Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very deficient,
by the quarterly examining committee, and placed on pro-
bation by order of the Board, the Secretary shall notify such
teacher of the same, and state the deficiencies reported.
Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall
be commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures, fol-
lowed by the Lord's Prayer.
Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school rooms of
their respective schools ten minutes before the time pre-
scribed for commencing the school — the object being to
afibrd a shelter to those scholars who may arrive early at
the school house.
Sect. 5. The teachers shall give the children constant
employment, and endeavor by judicious and diversified
modes, to render the exercises of the school pleasant as well
as profitable; they shall maintain firm, prudent, and vigi-
lant discipline : they shall punish as sparingly as possible,
consistent with securing obedience, and shall govern by per-
suasive and gentle measures as far as practicable. They
shall never resort to corporal punishment, until other means
of influencing the pupils shall have failed ; and when it shall
1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 9
be necessary, it shall be administered in such a manner as
to operate on the moral sensibilities of the pupil in the
strongest manner. They shall keep a record of all corporal
punishments inflicted upon the scholars, containing the
name of the party punished, the kitid and degree of pun-
ishment the alleged cause thereof, and report the same
quaterly to this Board. And no quarterly abstract from
any teachers shall be accepted unless this requisition be
strictly complied with. As far as practicable, they shall
also exercise a general inspection over their scholars, as
well out of as within the walls of the school, and on all suit-
able occasions inculcate upon them the principles of truth
Sect. 6. The teachers shall keep a list of the scholars
under their instruction, and shall record the page of the
text-book at which every class commences in each term>
and also the page to which it shall have advanced during
said term, and this record shall be open to the inspection of
the school committee.
Sect. 7. The teachers of the several Grammar schools
and their assistants shall impart oral instruction to their
pupils, at stated times, by assigning topics for their consid-
eration, refering them to approved works for information,
questioning them upon the themes assigned, and communi-
cating such information thereon as they may think neces-
sary. These exercises shall take place as frequently as
may be practicable in the opinion of the Local Committee
and teachers. A list of the topics shall be open to the in-
spection of the examining committee.
Sect. 8. In all the classes of the Grammar schools
(provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legible hand)
the teachers shall require, at least once in two weeks,
regular exercises in Composition, to consist of Essays,
Letters, Descriptions, or Abstracts of Lessons, according to
the age and capacity of the pupils. These exercises shall
be corrected by the teachers, and preserved with their
dates respectively, in writing books, to be inspected by the
committee, as evidence of the proficiency of the pupils in
10 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
penmanshvp^ -punctuation^ ii.se of capitals^ spellings and the
grammatical construction of sentences. In the first division
of the Washington and Dearborn schools there shall also
be regular exercises in declam^ation.
Sect. 9. When the example of any pupil is very injuri-
ous, and in all cases where reformation appears hopeless,
it shall be the duty of any teacher, with the approbation of
the Local Committee, to suspend or expel such pupil from
the school. But any child under this public censure, who
shall have expressed to the teacher his regret for his folly
or indiscretion, as openly and implicitly as the nature of the
case may require, and shall have given evidences of amend-
ment, shall, with the previous consent of said committee,
be reinstated in the privileges of the school.
Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take
good care of the apartments of the public buildings which
they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there
may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them ; also to
attend to the ventilation and temperature of the school
rooms, and to the cleanliness and comfort the pupils.
Sect. 11. No subscription or contribution, for any pur-
pose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers, in any
Sect. 12. Any teacher of our schools may, by permis-
sion of the Local Committee, take half a day each term,
for visiting such other school in this city, or in the vicinity,
as may be designated, and the name of the school thus vis-
ited shall be entered in the teachers' register, with the date
of the visit.
Sect. 13. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the
charge of his school without giving at least three weeks
notice to the Local Committee ; and in ordinary cases no
teacher shall be required to give up the charge of his school
without having received at least three weeks notice to that
Sect. 14. Any teacher who shall persist in violating the
Rules of this Board, shall be put on probation by the local
committee or the chairman, who shall report the delinquen-
cy at the next meeting of the Board.
1852.] "city document.— No. 2. 1]
Sect. 15. The teachers are authorized to make vocal
music one of the exercises of the school.
Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of tlie Principals of the
Washington and Dearborn Grammar schools, to see that
those pupils, who have completed the course of studies, re-
quired in these schools, be transferred to the High School,
without any unnecessary delay.
Sect. 1. All children residing within the limits of this
city, shall, on application to the Local Committee, have free
admission to such public school as, in the opinion of said
Committee, they may be qualified to enter, provided they
be five years of age ; and no obstacle shall be interposed by
any teacher, or any member of this Board.
Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the
public schools, without a certificate from his parent, or a
physician, that he has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured
against the contagion of the small pox.
Sect. 3. Children wlio can pass a satisfactory examina-
tion by the head masters, in the simple rudiments of read-
ing, arithmetic, and geography, shall, upon application, be
admitted into the Grammar schools, 'provided they shall be
eight ^rears of age. Children above eight years of age,
though not possessing the requisite qualifications, may be
admitted by special permission from the Local Commitee of
No pupils shall be promoted to the Grammar schools
from the Primary, except on the first Monday of each term,
through the year ; but pupils may be transferred, at other
times, from one school to another of the same rank, provid-
ed they bear a certificate from the teacher of the school
they leave, expressing their standing and character, as a
condition of their admission by the teacher to whom they
apply for that purpose.
No pupil shall be admitted mto an Intermediate School,
12 SCHOOL REGULATIONS. [Jan.
from a Primary, except by the express permission of the
Local Committee of the Intermediate school, and in such
case only on the first week of the month.
Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension,
from one school, shall be admitted to the privilieges of an-
other, unless by a vote of this Board.
Sect. 5. In the Grammar schools there shall be a recess
for every pupil, from ten to fifteen minutes; and in the
Primary from fifteen to twenty minutes.
Sect. 6 Pupils shall not absent themselves from school
except on account of sickness, or other urgent reason ; and
no request for absence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a
written one from the parents or guardians.
Periods of Insti'uctioti.
Sect. 1 There shall be four Terms in the year. The
Jirst term shall commence on the Monday after the fourth
Monday in February.
The second shall commence on the Monday following
the last Wednesday in May.
The third shall commence in four weeks after the last
Monday in July.
The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks-
Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the
forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, Sundays
and the holidays and vacations hereafter specified, excepted.
The Grammar schools shall begin at eight o'clock in the
morning, from May to August inclusive. With this excep-
tion, all the schools shall begin at 9 o'clock, A. M.
Sect. 3. There shall be the following vacations : —
1. One week, commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb-
2. One week, commencing oji the Monday before the last
Wednesday in May.
1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 13
3. Four weeks, commencing the last Monday in July.
4. One week, commencing on the Monday before Thanks-
Sect. 4. The following holidays shall be granted, alike
to all the schools : — Every Wednesday and Saturday after-
noon ; Fast Day ; Independence Day ; Christmas Day ;
New Year's Day ; May Day ; — No holiday not herein spe-
cified shall be given except by a vote of this Board, or by a
written certificate signed by at least seven members of the
School Committee ; and in such case it shall be given alike
to all the schools in the city.
Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the schools
in this city, for which purpose their respective schools may
be dismissed ; it being understood, however, that this per-
mission is not granted except to those teachers who actually
attend said Convention.
Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some member
or members of the Board designated by him, shall visit and
examine every public school in the city, at least once each
quarter, without giving previous notice to the teachers, ac-
cording to the provisions of the statute. It shall be the duty
of this committee to obtain accurate information of the con-
dition of each school, and at the next quarterly meeting to
make a report to the Board, in toriting, of their examination
and its results; of the condition of the school-houses, and of
any occurrences affecting the standing and usefulness of the
Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the first
term, a committee of four members of the Board, shall ex-
amine all the Grammar schools, and a committee of six
members, all the Primary and Intermediate schools in the
city, and report upon the same, previously to the annual
election of teachers.
Books and Studies.
Sect. 1. The books used, and studies pursued, shall be
such^ and such only, as may be authorized by this Board.
Sect. 2. The Text-Books in the English High School
the first year shall be the following :
1. Review of the preparatory studies, using the Text-
Books authorized in the Grammar Schools of the city.
2. Ancient Geography. 3. General History. 4. Sherwin's
Algebra. 5. French Language.
Sect. 3. The Text-Books in the Grammar Schools shall
be the following : —
Swan's Spelling Book,
Tower's Gradual Reader,
Swan's Dist. School Reader,
Swan's Gram. School Reader,
American First Class Book,
Russell's Introduction to his
Russell's Elocution' y Reader,
Maglaughlin's Practical Elo-
Parley'sFirst Book of History,
Mitchell's Prima. Geography,
Mitchell's School Geography,
Colburn's Mental Arithmetic,
Leach and Swan's Arithmetic,
Davies or Day's Surveying,
Olmstead's Natural Philoso-
Wood's First Lessons in Bot-
Sect. 4. The Text-Books in the Primary schools shall
be the following : —
Swan's Primary Spelling Book, Swan's Primary School
Readers, Outline Maps, Leach and Swan's Primary School
Sect. 5. Books and Stationery, required in the Scoools,
shall be provided under the direction of the Book Commit-
tee, at the most economical prices.
Scholars requiring books shall be directed by their teacher
to provide them. If not so provided within three days, the
teacher shall notify the parent or guardian, in writing, of
the kind of book required, and in case of his neglect to pro-
1853.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 15
vide in two days thereafter, shall then make a requisition
upon the Local Committee, in which shall be expressed the
name of such scholar, the name of the parent or guardian,
and the name of the book ; and it shall be the duty of the
Local Committee thereupon to furnish the book, and make
return thereof, according to law, to the Assessors of the city.
The attention of teachers is particularly directed to the
following Section of the Revised Statutes :
" Sect. 7. It shall be the duty of the president, professors
and tutors of the university of Cambridge, and of the several
colleges, and of all preceptors and teachers of academies, and
all other instructors of youth, to exert their best endeavors
to impress on the minds of children and youth, committed
to their care and instruction, the principles of piety, justice,
and a sacred regard to truth, love to their country, humanity
and universal benevolence, sobriety, industry and frugality,
chastity, moderation and temperance, and those other vir-
tues which are the ornament of human society, and the
basis upon which a republican constitution is founded ; and
it shall be the duty of such instructors to endeavor to lead
their pupils, as their ages and capacities will admit, into a
clear understanding of the tendency, of the above-mentioned
virtues to preserve and perfect a republican constitution,
and secure the blessings of liberty as well as to promote
their future happiness, and also to point out to them the evil
tendency of the opposite vices."
Elected at Large.
William H. Ryder, William A. Crafts, Horatio G. Morse.
Elected by Wards.
Joseph Bugbee, John Jones.
Joshua Seaver, A. I. Cummings.
Julius S. Shailer, Joseph H. Streeter.
John Wayland, Theodore Otis.
Daniel Leach, Bradford K. Peirce.
Julius S. Shailer, Chairman. Joshua Seaver, Secretary.
Books. — Messrs. Shailer, Morse, Peirce, Ryder, Crafts.
Finance. — Messrs. Seaver, Crafts, Jones.
Regulations. — Messrs. Wayland, Leach, Otis.
Filling Vacancies of Teachers in Primary and Intermediate
Schools. — Messrs. Otis, Wayland, Morse, Cummings, Ryder.
English High School.
Messrs. Ryder, Leach, and Shailer.
Dudley. — Messrs. Wayland, Cummings, Streeter.
Washington. — Messrs. Ryder, Crafts, Otis.
Dearborn. — Messrs. Peirce, Morse, Jones.
Intermediate. — Mr. Seaver.
Nos. 1 & 2.
5 & 6.
Yeoman street, Bugbee.
Eustis street, Morse.
Sumner street, Jones.
Vernon street, Seaver.
9 & 10. Oxford street, Cum-
11 & 12. Avon Place, Cummings.
13. Mill Dam, Otis.
14 & 15. Smith street, Crafts.
16 & 17. Orange street, Otis.
Nos. 18 & 19. Centre st., Wayland.
20. Centre street, Streeter.
21 & 22. Edinboro' st., Ryder.
23 & 24. Elm street, Leach.
25. Munroe street, Peirce.
26. Binney street. Crafts.
27. East street, Bugbee.
Almshouse School, Cummings.