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City Document — No. 11. 


Wirt toraiite mi luMit |tt#tatfera, 





APRIL, 1855. 




ttg of Hamburg. 

In Common Council, Jan. 15, 1855. 
Ordered, That such portions of the Mayor's Address as relate to our 
Schools, be referred to the Committee on Public Instruction. 
Sent up for concurrence. 



In Board of Aldermen, Jan. 15, 1855. 
JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk. 

In Common Council, April 2, 1855. 

Mr. Williams, from the abovenamed Committee, submitted the following 

Report and Order, which were laid on the table and ordered to be printed 

for the use of the Council. 



The Committee on Public Instruction, to whom was referred that part 
of the Mayor's Address pertaining to the subject of schools, have 
considered the same so far as relates to provision for Evening 
Schools, and respectfully 


That, in their opinion, evening schools for adults and such as can 
have no other mode of acquiring the rudiments of education, are highly 
important to a large class of our population, and of very essential bene- 
fit to the entire community. In their origin and for several years there- 
after in most of the cities of New England these schools have been main- 
tained by private enterprise and contributions, assisted, generally, by 
public appropriations. At present, in several of the same cities eve- 
ning schools are now maintained at the city's expense, and are under 
the direction of the general School Committee. This has rendered them 
more efficient in action and more permanent in character. During the 
present season, the City of Salem has taken under its charge the evening 
school for the past seven years so successfully conducted by Mr. John 
Ball, the City Missionary. In regard to this matter Mr. Ball writes 
as follows : — 

" The City Council appropriated $450 on condition that the School 
Committee should procure the services of the teachers of the Grammar 


Schools. The School Committee accepted the trust or management of 
the schools, as we were desirous they should, so that they, by a Sub- 
Committee of three, have entire charge and make provision for the con- 
ducting of operations. The Committee procured five Principals of our 
Grammar Schools, one of whom acts as Superintendent, and the Com- 
mittee pay the five the sum of $225, which they divide among them- 
selves. This is for the whole term. These teachers procure the ser- 
vices of as many of their female assistants as possible ; and as many 
others also as volunteers, as they can, and also make use of some of their 
oldest scholars. 

" In addition to this, members of the School Committee have been 
in every evening and assisted as teachers. 

" The school should be kept four nights in the week. As to age of 
admission, the Committee have adopted fourteen years and upwards. 
No scholars of day schools are admitted, and only those admitted who 
cannot, from a variety of circumstances, attend day schools. If we can 
once get our evening schools fairly into the hands, and under the man- 
agement of the School Committee, and give them the means to prose- 
cute the work with vigor, the evening school will rank almost as high 
as the day school. I ought also to state that every evening there is an 
increase of scholars in our evening school, so that nearly every seat is 
now occupied. If you can get your Council to make a liberal appro- 
priation, and the School Committee to take hold of the matter, as has 
been done here, you will have a noble account to make to the public." 

It will be thus seen that the plan so successfully in operation in 
Salem, is attended with a very small outlay of money, when looked 
upon as a matter of dollars and cents ; but your Committee believe that 
there are other considerations of much greater magnitude and impor- 
tance than the yearly expenditure of some four or five hundred dollars. 
The evening school would almost entirely draw to it those whose pov- 
erty of circumstances or want of opportunity prevents them from enjoy- 
ing the benefits of the day school, and whose unemployed evenings are 
often times spent in a manner that leads almost imperceptibly to those 
corrupting influences and vicious habits that sooner or later bring many 


of them within the discipline of our police regulations with its attend- 
ant necessary expenses. So that even on the score of economy, the 
measure commends itself to every lover of law and order, and the 
blessings that flow from the light of education. 

Your Committee believe the experiment one well worth trying, and 
respectfully submit the foregoing report and accompanying order for 
your favorable consideration. 

Respectfully submitted, 


For the Committee. 

Citj of ^U^htrg. 

In Common Council, April 2, 1855. 

Ordered, That the sum of Five hundred dollars be and the same 
is hereby appropriated out of the Contingent School Fund, for the 
purpose of establishing evening schools for adults and such as can have 
no other mode of acquiring the rudiments of education, — said schools to 
be under the direction of the School Committee.