City Document — No. 17. REPORT COMMITTEE IN RELATION TO A DRAIN BEING BUILT FELLOWS STREET. ROXBURT: NORFOLK COUNTY JOURNAL PRESS. 1855. CITY OF ROXBUKY. In Board of Aldermen, Sept. 24th, 185& Laid upon the table, and ordered to be printed. JOSEPH W. TUCKER, GUy Clerk. The Committee to whom was referred the petition of Syl- vester Bowman and others, abuttors on Fellows Street, praying the City to lay a Common Sewer on said street, and also requesting the City to establish the grade and build the street-, the expense of building the street to be charged to the abuttors, respectfully KEPOKT: The subject of under-drainage and sewerage is one which has long occupied the attention of the City Government. From the growing density of our population, and the in- creasing difficulty experienced on all sides, a loud and con- stant demand is heard that a movement should be com- menced, on a liberal and permanent basis, for a thorough drainage of our City. In the past it has been deemed a project of so much magnitude, and involving so much expense, that the heart of the stoutest friend of improvement has well nigh quailed in view of it. Many attempts have been made to induce the city government of Boston to allow our sewers to connect with theirs, but no satisfactory arrangement has been reached. Boston has amply provided for her public wants of water and drainage, at vast expense, and we can- not wonder at her unwillingness to yield to other hands the slightest control of her public works. In the lower section of our City, especially in Ward 1, an intolerable nuisance is created every year by the accu- mulation of stagnant water, hemmed in on all sides, seeking in vain an escape to the sea. Its existence is a standing 4 reproach to our City, besides exercising a deleterious in- fluence on the surrounding neighborhood. From its con- tiguity to Boston, the abatement of the nuisance would seem to rightfully belong to both governments, but from recent experience, we judge a satisfactory arrangement is as distant as ever. With these considerations in mind, forcible as they cer- tainly are, the Committee found themselves inclined to give a favorable hearing to the prayer of the petitioners, in the hope that their proposition might furnish a satisfactory so- lution of the whole matter. The Committee accordingly made a careful survey of the premises. They find that Fellows Street, through to the water's edge, is within the limits of Roxbury. The street as it now is would have to be but slightly excavated to lay the bottom of the sewer. A sewer to meet the present and future wants of the City, the Committee think should be at least four feet square in the clear. An estimate of the distance is as fol- lows: From Hunneman Street straight to water, - 1210 ft. " to City Wharf, - 1400 " The probable expense of constructing a thorough plank sewer and cess pools, it was estimated would not exceed three thousand dollars to the City. After the sewer is built, the City is requested to grade and build the street upon it, and charge the expense to the abuttors. It was urged upon the Committee that now was a very favorable time to move in the matter. The season is ex- ceedingly dry ; it could be built with far less inconvenience than when those low grounds were saturated with water; the consent and cooperation of the abuttors were now ob- tained, and if it should be postponed another season they might not again be easily secured. Another thing considered by the Committee, and worthy of statement, would be the fact, that, immediately upon the construction of the sewer, the whole condition of that neighborhood would be changed. Possessed of an oppor- tunity to drain, the attention of owners would at once be turned toward improving their vacant lands; and, from ample assurance, the Committee are well convinced, that in a few years those lands would be covered with build- ings, for dwellings and mechanical purposes, thus adding largely to the taxable property of the City. The importance to the whole City, if this improvement should be granted, could hardly be estimated. It will con- stitute for the eastern section of the City the main outlet, to a Common Sewer (and at a reasonable expense), capar ble of being extended through all the ramifications of the City, and of bearing to the healthful embrace of " Old Ocean" the cast-off and polluted waters of our City. In conclusion, the Committee are well aware of the great improvements making by the City, and of the expense in- curred thereby; but from the pressing necessity every where felt, that a system of drainage be speedily com- menced, they cannot allow considerations of an economical and pecuniary nature to weigh with sufficient force to pre- vent so desirable a result. They accordingly recommend that the prayer of the petitioners be granted, and the work done the present season. For the Committee, SAM'L S. CHASE, Chairman, Roxbury, Sept, %Uh, 1855.