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City Document — No. 15. 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 



ON THE SUBJECT OF MAKING PROVISION FOR AN 



$itglisj[ pgjj §&t\nal for $051 




ROXBUR Y: 
PRINTED FOR THE CITY COUNCIL. 

1857. 



(Eitt) of Ho* bur 11. 



In ScnooL Committee, Sept. 2, 1857. 

Ordered, That the Secretary of this Board be and he hereby is direct- 
ed to give notice to the City Council that the agreement between the 
School Committee and the " Trustees of the Grammar School on the East- 
erly part of Roxbury," made on the 28th of June, 1852, has been terminated 
by order of the School Committee, and also to request the City Council to 
make provision for an English High School for Boys, to commence on the 
first day of November next. 

A true copy of the original Order. 

Attest, 

A. I. CUMMINGS. 

Secretarg of the Board. 



In Board of Aldermen, Sept. 21, 1857. 

Report laid upon the table, and two thousand copies ordered to be 
printed for the use of the City Council and Citizens. 

JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk. 



John M. IT ewes, Printer. 



The Joint Committee on Public Instruction, to whom Avas referred 
a Communication from the Board of School Committee, dated 
September 2, 1857, conveying information that the " mutual 
arrangement between the School Committee and the Trustees 
of the Grammar School in the eastern section of the city has 
been terminated, and requesting that provision be made for an 
English High School for Boys," have attended to that duty, and 
ask leave to make the following 

REPORT: 

It appears from Ellis's " History of Roxbury," and other 
sources, that between the years of 1642 and 1645, some steps 
were taken by certain inhabitants of Koxbury for the establish- 
ment of a Free School ; and in the year 1645 an " agree- 
ment " was entered into which is still preserved, and which may 
be regarded as the beginning of the school so well known to our 
citizens as the " Latin School." This agreement was signed by 
about sixty of the inhabitants, who " unanimously consented and 
agreed to erect a free school in the said town of Roxbury, and to 
allow twenty pounds per annum to the schoolmaster," &c. ; and 
seven feoffees were chosen, " with power to put in or remove the 
schoolmaster, to see to the well ordering of the school and scholars, 
to receive and pay the said twenty pounds to the schoolmaster, 
and to dispose of any other gift or gifts which hereafter may 
be given for the advancement of learning and education of 
children." 



4 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15. 

In addition to the means furnished by the subscribers to this 
agreement, other donations were made to this school, which was 
thus enabled to go on and prosper ; but it would seem from a cer- 
tain proviso in the " agreement " alluded to, that it was of a 
somewhat exclusive character, and not intended for the benefit of 
all the citizens. This proviso is as follows : — 

" Always provided that none of the inhabitants of the said Town of 
Roxbury, that shall not join in this act with the rest of the Donors, 
shall have any further benefit thereby than other strangers shall have 
who are no inhabitants." 

It may have been partly in consequence of this proviso, debar- 
ring the children of those who were unable to contribute to the 
support of this school from participating in its advantages, that, 
in about 1675, Mr. Thomas Bell bequeathed a large amount of 
property " for the maintainance of a school-master and free school 
for the teaching and instructing of Poor Men's Children at Rox- 
bury aforesaid forever, and to be for no other use, intent, and 
purpose whatsoever." 

Mr. Bell was one of the wealthy men of the town, a generous 
man, and one of liberal mind. The property which he thus de- 
vised, was to be left in the charge of the minister and two head 
officers [deacons] of the church at Roxbury, and their successors, 
as trustees, forever. A question subsequently arose about the 
form of the devise, and the General Court, in 1677, decided 
" that the declared intent of Mr. Thomas Bell, both in his life and 
at his death, in his will, was the settlement of his estate in Rox- 
bury, upon that free school then in being at his death in said 
Town." 

The property bequeathed by Mr. Bell was accordingly added 
to the funds of the free school already established ; and for more 
than a century the school was under the management and direc- 
tion of two Boards, viz. : the Feoffees, who had the general charge 
of the school and its property, and the Trustees, who were ap- 
pointed to the care of the property given by Thomas Bell. It is 
but reasonable, however, to suppose that at that time the obnox- 
ious feature in the character of the school was removed, and that 
it was thrown open, not for the exclusive use of the children of 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 5 

the rich, or for the children of the poor, but, as it has ever been 
since, for the use of the children of any of the inhabitants of 
Roxbury who chose to avail themselves of its advantages. 

The funds of this school were subsequently greatly increased. 
It appears to have been well managed, and at an early period 
acquired a very high reputation. Latin was ordered to be taught 
in this school as early as 1674. In the year 1789, an act was 
passed by the General Government, incorporating " the Trustees 
of the Grammar School in the easterly part of Roxbury." The 
two Boards who managed its concerns were abolished, and the 
school was placed under the care and guidance of a Board of 
Trustees, consisting of not less than nine, or more than thirteen 
individuals. To these Trustees were given the whole power of 
managing the funds and making regulations for the government of 
and instruction in this Free School. 

In 1836, the Revised Statutes were published. The subject 
of Education engaged the attention of the people, and in chapter 
xxiii, section 5, we find the following important provision. : 

" Every town containing five hundred families or householders, shall, 
besides the schools prescribed in the preceding section, maintain a school 
to be kept by a master of competent ability and good morals, who 
shall, in addition to the branches of learning before mentioned, give in- 
struction in the History of the United States ; Book-keeping, Survey- 
ing, Geometry and Algebra ; and such last mentioned school shall be 
kept for the benefit of all the inhabitants of the town, ten months at 
least, exclusive of vacations, in each year, and at such convenient place, 
or alternately at such places in the town as the said inhabitants at their 
annual meeting shall determine ; and in every town containing four 
thousand inhabitants, the said master shall, in addition to all the 
branches of instruction, before required in this chapter, be competent to 
instruct in the Latin and Greek languages, and General History, Rhet- 
oric and Logic." 

In the year 1839, it being understood that the Trustees were 
willing so to vary the character of instruction in the school under 
their charge, as to conform to this provision of the statute, and 
thus save to the City a very considerable expense, an act was 
adopted by the Legislature, at the request of the town authorities 
and the Trustees, of which the following is a copy : 

"Sect. 1. The Grammar School in the easterly part of the town of 
Roxbury shall hereafter be deemed such a school as the town is required 



6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15. 

to maintain by the fifth section of the twenty-third chapter of the He- 
vised Statutes ; provided, that said school shall always be a free school, 
and shall, in all respects, fulfil the conditions of the section aforesaid ; 
and provided also, that the statistics of said school be included in the 
annual return of the School Committee of Roxbury. 

" Sect. 2. All the powers and duties assigned by law to School Com- 
mittees shall pertain with respect to said Grammar School to the Trus- 
tees thereof solely, agreeably to their act of incorporation. 

" Sect. 3. This act shall take effect as soon as the town of Roxbury, 
and the Trustees of said school respectively, shall have accepted the 
same by legal votes, and made the necessary arrangements for comply- 
ing with the first section hereof, and shall continue in force during the 
pleasure of said Trustees and their successors, and no longer." [Ap- 
proved April 9, 1839. 

This act, which confers on the Trustees all the powers and du- 
ties of a School Committee so far as the High School is concerned, 
was accepted by both parties, and became a law. For several 
years this " Grammar School " was recognized as a High School, 
meeting the requirements of the statutes. It was open to the in- 
struction of children of" all the inhabitants of Roxbury," in Latin 
and Greek, and the advanced studies in English letters, and in 
the catalogues of studies, all those named in the statute were in- 
troduced — and this at an expense to the City not exceeding five 
hundred dollars per annum. 

Although this arrangement was nominally all that the statute 
required, yet it was subsequently found that some further meas- 
ures were necessary in order to make the school so efficient as to 
meet the popular demand, with accommodations to correspond 
with the increasing population of the City. For this purpose it 
was necessary for the City Government to furnish more funds 
annually than had been hitherto appropriated ; yet it being desir- 
able for the City, to secure all the advantages which it might derive 
from the Trustees' School, a mutual arrangement was, in 1852, 
entered into between the Board of School Committee on the part 
of the City, and the Board of Trustees, which it was thought would 
improve the character of the Institution, and meet the wishes of 
the public. 

This arrangement embraced certain rules for the transfer of 
pupils from the Grammar School to the High School, and by 
ihe provision of a " Local Committee," composed of Trustees 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 7 

and members of the School Committee, gave an opportunity for 
the School Committee to become familiar at all times with the pro- 
ceedings of the Trustees, so far as it regarded this school, assist 
at the examinations, aid in the selection of teachers, and estimate 
the amount of funds which should be appropriated for its support. 
This arrangement continued in force until within a few weeks, 
and the Local Committee, on the part of the School Committee, 
have in every Annual Report borne strong testimony in favor of 
the character of the school, the ability and fidelity of its teachers, 
and the judicious manner in which the Trustees have exercised 
the power with which they were intrusted. 

The " mutual arrangement " thus entered into in 1852 has 
now been terminated by the voluntary act of the School Commit- 
tee, and the City Government are requested to " make provision 
for an English High School for Boys." 

It having been ascertained that a Sub-Committee had been ap- 
pointed by the School Committee, to appear before any Committee 
of the City Government, or in any other way set forth the reasons 
for this request, the Chairman of the Committee on Public In- 
struction addressed a note to the Chairman of the Sub-Committee, 
informing; him that a meeting; was to be held at a certain time and 
place, and adding " if a Committee of the School Committee 
should have any reasons to urge why the request relating to the 
High School for Boys should be granted by the City Council, this 
Committee would be pleased to have them placed before them." 
No member of the Committee appeared before the Committee on 
Public Instruction, but a reply was received from the Chairman, 
transmitting the following vote : — 

" Voted, That the Chairman be requested to answer the letter of his 
Honor the Mayor, and to forward him a copy of the Report on the 
petition of P. H. "Wentworth, Esq., submitted at the last meeting of 
the Board, and so much of the proceedings of the School Committee on 
that Report as may be deemed important." 

The document accompanying the communication, and referred 
to as containing the reasons for the request of the School Com- 
mittee, has been printed and distributed, and has, doubtless, been 
read by every member of the City Government. 



H CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15. 

From this and other sources, it is ascertained that at the late 
examination of candidates for admission to the High School for 
Boys, thirty-six out of the thirty-seven candidates, averaging 
nearly fourteen years of age, possessing good abilities and ex- 
emplary characters, were not considered by the Local Committee 
of the High School, — a Board composed jointly of members of the 
School Committee and the Trustees, — qualified to enter the High 
School ; — and, furthermore, at a subsequent meeting of the Local 
Committee of that school, called for the especial purpose of con- 
sidering the propriety of allowing a second examination, it was 
" unanimously voted that such a re-examination would be inexpe- 
dient." This fact, important as it may appear to the community 
in certain respects, although, in the opinion of some, it may justify 
the Board of School Committee in terminating the mutual arrange- 
ment made with the Trustees in 1852, does not in itself appear 
to your Committee a sufficient reason for granting the request to 
make provision for an English High School for Boys. 

The termination of the arrangement between the two Boards will 
not necessarily produce any immediate effect upon the character, 
or any change in the management of the High School ; as the 
Trustees will, as a matter of course, until the City Government 
intimates a wish to the contrary, continue to exercise the power 
conferred upon them by the act of 1839, and execute the duties 
thus enjoined upon them by the Legislature. Although the 
Trustees will no longer enjoy the advantages of advising with the 
Local Committee on the part of the School Committee, their pro- 
ceedings will be subject to the inspection and criticism of every 
citizen who feels an interest in the excellence of our schools. 

But if this power has been injudiciously exercised, or these 
duties not performed to the satisfaction of the public, or if they 
can be better performed by the Board of School Committee, all 
the pecuniary advantages which the City derives from the present 
arrangement should be disregarded, and the act of 1839 annulled ; 
and it is distinctly understood and stated by the Trustees, that 
whenever the action of the City Government, or other proceed- 
ings of the citizens, shall be such as to satisfy the Trustees that it 
is no longer deemed for the interest of the City that this law 
should remain in force, no obstacle will be opposed on the part of 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 9 

the Trustees, but they will at once cause the act to be annulled, 
"which they have the power to effect without application to the 
Legislature. The true question, therefore, appears to be whether 
it is desirable that the City should waive the advantages of that 
act, and cause it to be annidled. 

If answered in the affirmative, it will be the duty of the City 
Government to grant the request of the School Committee, and 
provide accommodations for a High School for Boys. The pecu- 
niary advantages which the City enjoys by the present arrange- 
ment, and the character of the schools which are under the charge 
of the Trustees, and whether they have been conducted in a man- 
ner calculated to subserve the interests of our citizens, thus be- 
come proper and important subjects of inquiry. 

The Latin School, in which boys are prepared for college, free 
of expense, excepting for the purchase of books, — such a school as, 
were the act repealed, the City would be morally as well as legally 
bound to support, — is sustained entirely by the funds of the cor- 
poration ; — and in regard to the English High School for Boys, 
the rent of the building, fuel, repairs, contingent expenses, — in a 
word, all that remains of the interest of about fifty thousand dol- 
lars, the whole income of the fund, after the expenses of the Latin 
School are defrayed, goes towards the support of this school, 
leaving to be paid on the part of the City Government, only the 
salaries of the teachers. The following abstract of the expenses, 
during five years, of the Latin and English High Schools, under 
the charge of the Trustees, furnished by the Treasurer of the cor- 
poration, Mr. James Guild, gives some definite information on 
this subject. 

INCOME FROM TRUSTEE FUNDS AND CITY APPROPRIATIONS. 

Income from June 1, 1853 to June 1, 1854, . . $2559 30 

" City appropriation, .... 2500 00 

5059 30 

Income from June 1, 1854, to June 1, 1855, . . 2776 00 
" City appropriation, .... 3000 00 

5766 00 



10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15, 

Income from June 1, 1855, to June 1, 1856, 
" " City appropriation, 



Income from June 1, 1856 to June 1, 1857, 
" " City appropriation, 



Estimated income from June 1, 1837, to June 1, 1858, 
City appropriation, ...... 



2524 
2700 


82 
00 


5224 


82 


2921 
3200 


82 
00 


6121 


82 


3013 

2600 


54 

00 



5613 64 



The Treasurer says further : — " It is the understanding, I be- 
lieve, between the School Committee and the Trustees, that the 
income from the funds shall be all appropriated, and the City be 
called upon only for the balance necessary to carry on the schools. 
This course has been pursued in all cases, no portion of the in- 
come having been invested ; and if at the end of any year a bal- 
ance has remained in the Treasury, the appropriation asked for 
the next year has been so much the less. This was the case the 
present year, owing to our income being more and our expenses 
less than the estimate the year preceding." Again the Treasurer 
says : — " As regards rents, the school-houses and land stand on 
our books $10,086. I see no reason why the income from our 
present funds should not continue to average about three thousand 
dollars per annum ; and it will of course increase as we may from 
time to time sell our title to the lands we hold." 

Such are the pecuniary advantages which the City derives 
from the act of 1739. If that act is repealed, the City will, of 
course, be compelled to assume all the expenses attendant on fur- 
nishing suitable buildings and supporting an institution in which 
the sons of our humblest citizens may be prepared for the univer- 
sity, or instructed in the higher branches of English study ; and 
the increasing funds of the corporation, ivhich cannot he diverted 
from their legitimate object, will thus be rendered of little or no 
avail to the City, and be suffered to accumulate. 

But notwithstanding any pecuniary advantages which the City 
may now enjoy from the act of 1839, it is manifest, as has been 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 11 

already suggested, that if the High School has not met the reason- 
able wishes of the community, — if it has not been -wisely con- 
ducted, — if the management is in improper hands, — or if there is 
good reason to believe that a repeal of the act of 1839, giving 
the whole direction and control of all our public schools into the 
hands of a School Committee, elected annually by the people, 
will confer important advantages upon the City which it does not 
now enjoy, then the act should be repealed. The expenses of 
such an institution should not for a moment interfere with the 
legal and undoubted right of our citizens to secure the best in- 
struction to their children, free of expense to themselves. 

Has, then, the High School for Boys been well and properly 
conducted, since it has been under the direction of the Board of 
Trustees ? Has it been a good and efficient school, and as such 
met the reasonable expectations of the citizens ? A sufficient 
answer to this question may, perhaps, be found in the Annual 
Reports of the Board of School Committee, which have been full 
and explicit, and contain statements in relation to the subject en- 
titled to the attention of the City Government. 

In the Report of the Examination of the Public Schools of 
Roxbury in 1856, (City Document, No. 10 of that year,) we find 
the following facts stated and opinions expressed by the Sub-Com- 
mittee of the School Committee, whose duty it was to examine and 
report upon the English High School for Boys : — 

" The several classes were examined at considerable length in the 
various studies of the year ; — from two to three hours being devoted to 
each of the more important branches. It was in accordance, at once 
with the wishes of the teachers and with the views of your Committee, 
that the examination should be, in the strictest sense, thorough ; that 
the pupils should be put to the severest test of their powers ; that each 
one should have opportunity to show, for himself, what he had learned, 
how he had done it, and how much of that which he had acquired, he 
had got so unquestionably into his possession, that it was available to 
him for every-day use, and had gained the mastery of so completely, 
that he was not afraid of it." 

How the several classes bore this severe test, will appear from 
the following extract : — 

" Your Committee take pleasure in the duty of reporting to you, 
that throughout the whole course of the severe and protracted examina- 



12 CITY DGCUMENT.— No. 15. 

tion, they observed nothing in the various exercises of the several 
classes, that called for animadversion, but, on the contrary, much every 
where that was worthy of special remark. No complete failure occurred 
in any department. Few were brought to a stand, and of these most 
recovered themselves. The recitations throughout the school were 
characterized by promptness, decision, clearness, ease, fluency, and 
though tfulness. The bearing of the pupils was cheerful and animated 
to the end. The excellence of many of the recitations were of the 
highest order." 

Again it is stated in the Report : — 

" The general appearance of the school corresponded with the style 
of their scholastic training. The bearing of the pupils toward their 
teacher was respectful, cheerful, and confiding ; toward each other good- 
humored, easy and dignified. Every thing about the pupils themselves, 
their school-rooms and the building, indicated that the members of the 
school were thoroughly in earnest at their various studies, and had no 
time or inclination for idle and mischievous employments." 

The Committee draw the following conclusions, the correctness 
of which no one will doubt, from the foregoing facts : — 

" The importance of such a school cannot be too highly estimated. 
The training which boys receive here gives them a preparation at once 
for the business and the pleasure of life, invaluable to them through all 
their future years, and never fully acquired at all, unless acquired at 
this period of their lives. It sets them in the front rank of usefulness, 
dignity, and success in all the departments of active life." 

The Reports of the School Committee for the year 1857 fully 
indorse the sentiments contained in the above extracts. In the 
Report relating to High Schools, occurs the following passage : — 

" The Examiner of the High School for Boys reports that the exer- 
cises, which he attended in the upper divisions, were highly satisfactory, 
and that the present condition of that portion of the school is such as to 
maintain the well-established reputation of the institution ; and that, if 
the appearance of the lowest division is in some respects slightly less 
gratifying, it is owing to the causes of a temporary character. He 
thinks the school worthy of all the confidence it has hitherto enjoyed.'" 

Again, it is stated in this Report : — 

" We abstain from more extended remarks on the state of these 
schools, because, on referring to the Report of last year, we find a 
very complete and faithful account of them, which really covers the 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 13 

whole ground, and which it is not worth while to repeat so soon. 
There has been no material change in the condition or numbers of these 
schools since the date of that Report. The teachers, with one excep- 
tion, are all the same ; the studies the same; the statistics nearly the 



In the following extract from this Report, it may be that we 
find a clue to the cause of the proceedings of the Local Com- 
mittee, in their late examination of candidates for admission into 
the High School for Hoys, and which have elicited much comment 
from various quarters : — 

"The Committee will take the liberty to remark, that, in their 
opinion, the standard of admission to these schools, though high enough 
according to the printed rules, is, practically, put too low. The work 
that properly belongs to the Grammar School has to be done here. 
Many pupils are admitted who are by no means qualified to enter upon 
the proper studies of a High School. The error should be corrected by 
more strict examinations in future. The High Schools should be de- 
voted, strictly and only, to High School Studies. Whatever reduction 
of numbers might follow , this 'principle, we are confident, ought to be 
firmly adhered to. The Grammar Schools shoidd be permitted and 
required to accomplish their own appropriate work. Grammar 
School studies should be completed there ; and then, the few who have 
time remaining for further study, are the subjects, and the only legiti- 
mate subjects of High School instruction." 

If the opinion, thus freely expressed by the Committee in the 
above extract is correct, it will do much towards justifying the 
course of action taken by the Local Committee, and shows that, 
in their proceedings relative to the admission of candidates for the 
High School, they have but carried out the wishes of the School 
Committee. 

Of the Latin School, which is by some considered more particu- 
larly the Trustees' School, the Report for the present year uses 
the following language : 

"The Latin School is not under the control of this Board ; one of 
this Committee has, however, taken occasion lately to visit it. It is 
free and public, like all our schools. Its business is to prepare boys 
for College. It may interest a portion of our citizens to know that, in 
our opinion, it is in all respects a first-rate school of its class ; and 
that better instruction of its kind is not to be obtained in any school, 
public or private, in Massachusetts." 



14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15. 

Such are the facts stated, and the sentiments expressed, by the 
Local Committees on the part of the School Committee, who have 
had ample means of acquiring knowledge, in relation to the con- 
dition and management of the High School for Boys in this City. 
Your Committee have met with no facts or arguments which go to 
show that the estimate, made by the School Committee of the 
character of that school, is erroneous. 

The law of 1889, to which we have already alluded, makes it 
also the duty of the Trustees, acting as a School Committee, to 
designate suitable accommodations, and provide suitable instruc- 
tion for a High School for Girls as well as for Boys, whenever no 
other provision is made for such an institution, or whenever re- 
quested to do so by the City Government • any additional expenses 
for the maintenance of such a school, beyond the amount already 
furnished by the Trustees, to be provided by the City Government. 

In the Report to which we are referred for reasons why it is 
expedient to make provision on the part of the City for an Eng- 
lish High School for Boys, occurs the following passage : 

" Your Committee are strongly of the opinion that the Public Schools 
of this City should all be under one control. Different Boards of Com- 
mittees for different grades of schools, have never worked well. There 
has always been jarring between them, and the system of instruction 
has lacked that unity and completeness which ought to characterize it." 

Your Committee have yet to learn, that there has ever been 
any jarring between the School Committee and the Trustees, or 
any difference of opinion which could have caused the system of 
instruction pursued in our schools, to lack that unity and com- 
pleteness, which ought to characterize it. On the contrary, it 
appears, that while no complaints have been made on the part of 
the Trustees, the annual reports of the School Committee go far 
to show that entire harmony of action and of opinion has existed 
between those two Boards since the " mutual arrangement" was 
carried into effect ; indeed, no instance of a discrepancy of opinion 
has been known in relation to the management of the High School. 
The course pursued the present year, in the examination of candi- 
dates for admission into the English High School — which seems 
to have been the prominent reason for terminating the " arrange- 



REPORT ON ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 15 

ment" — was the action of the joint Local Committee; and the 
final action, declaring it inexpedient to proceed to a re-examina- 
tion of candidates, was not only approved, but suggested and 
advocated by those members of the School Committee who were 
connected with the Local Committee. 

There may be disadvantages attending the establishment of 
different Boards of Committees for different grades of schools, as 
suggested by the School Committee ; there may also be advan- 
tages. If errors should imperceptibly creep into our system of 
education ; if it should become so overburdened with rules and 
theories, that but comparatively little time is given for the attain- 
ment of practical, useful instruction ; if a course should be adopt- 
ed in the selection of Teachers, which would deprive our schools of 
that administrative energy and talent which our people have a 
right to expect ; or if from any cause either grade of our schools 
should fall below a proper standard, and require renovation or 
improvement, the fact itself would be made known, the cause dis- 
covered, and the remedy applied, at a much earlier period, were 
there different Boards of Committees for different grades of schools, 
than if one Board only were established for the management of 
the whole. 

Our schools should be jealously watched, and the acts of all 
connected with them subjected to the strictest scrutiny. There 
is no one of our institutions which more deeply affects the welfare 
of society, or requires more careful and judicious management ; 
and checks and guards against false systems, injudicious expendi- 
tures of moneys, or erroneous modes of instruction, cannot be 
justly complained of, — but should be multiplied rather than 
diminished. 

It appears, from investigation, that the Local Committee on the 
part of the School Committee, have acted as a medium between 
the Trustees and the City Government and people. By the ter- 
mination of the arrangement, this connection is of course dissolved ; 
and if no change should be contemplated in the management of 
the High Schools, it may be worthy of inquiry whether the link 
should not be supplied, and a Visiting Committee appointed by 
the City Council to examine the High School from time to time, 



16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 15. 

note the progress of the scholars, the manner in which the Insti- 
tution is managed, and report to the City Government. 

After a careful examination of the whole subject, it would ap- 
pear to your Committee, that the High School for Boys, as at 
present conducted, is worthy the confidence of the public. It is 
such a school as is wanted by the people ; and the repeal of the 
act of 1889, already alluded to, would deprive the City Govern- 
ment of the means of using a fund, which, in the present condition 
of our finances, it would be desirable to use. Your Committee, 
therefore, cannot advise the trial of an uncertain and expensive 
experiment, — one from which great advantages, if any, can hardly 
be expected to accrue, — and would recommend, as the opinion of 
this Committee, that it is inexpedient to grant the request of the 
Board of School Committee to make provision for an English High 
School for Boys. 

JOHN S. SLEEPER, 

Chairman of Committee on Public Instruction. 



L