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City Document. — No. 7.
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ROXB URY :
L. B. & O. E. WESTON, PRINTERS, GUILD ROW
In Common Council, Dec. 19, 1859.
Report accepted, and it was Ordered, That three hundred copies be
printed for the use of the City Council.
Sent up for concurrence.
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Clerk.
In Board of Aldermen, Dec. 19, 1859.
JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Glerh.
The number of vessels that have discharged cargoes in
our harbor in 1859, with the different varieties, quanti-
ties and cost of the merchandise, have been as follows:
Number of vessels, 536
Making the total cost.
Exported — 750 tons prepared bones, $22,500.
Since my election to office last May, I have been dis-
tinctly called upon to render instructions or assistance to
vessels in the harbor thirty-seven times, and I have given
directions and assistance nearly two hundred times. Much
of this care and service has been called for by the peculiar
condition of the bed of the channel, which on the Boston
side has been dug down to the depth of fourteen feet, while
on the Roxbury side it is only nine feet deep. Thus there
is a steep bank of five feet in the centre, which makes it
always dangerous, often ruinous to a vessel, to ground in
the centre of the channel. Three vessels have filled with
water in consequence of doing so ; two of them were so
much damaged as to require caulking, and one lost eight
or ten cords of wood from her deck.
All such accidents render the port unpopular — enhance
freights, and thus put our citizens at disadvantage com-
pared with those in the same business in Boston; in fact,
tend to lessen business and the value of wharf property
here. The only practical remedy of the dangers in the
channel seems a deepening of it on the Roxbury side by
the City. This can be well done for from two to three
thousand dollars. Such an improvement would not merely
remove the dangers spoken of, but by deepening the waters
and opening our navigation to larger vessels, would secure
to Roxbury a large increase of business. Our wharfingers
now are turning their thoughts to the other side, seek-
ing, as soon as their leases expire and Albany Street is
opened, to secure yards contiguous to deeper waters.
Drainage, partly from Roxbury, has in years past been
gradually shoaling the water, and now that a much larger
amount of drainage is to enter the canal, its filling up will
probably go on faster than before. Here seems to be a
further reason why the City should deepen the channel.
Each vessel that discharges here leaves from five to fifty
dollars with our citizens, in pay for labor, provisions, &c.,
so that other citizens besides our wharfingers will become
losers from the existing state of our channel.
Roxbury, Dec. I2th, 1859.