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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
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City Document — No. 1.
HON. THEODORE OTIS,
DELIVERED BEFORE THE
TWO BRANCHES IN CONVENTION,
January 9, 1860.
JOHN M. HEWES, PRINTER
(i^iti[ nf EDititirt(»
In Common Council, January 9, 1860.
Ordered, That one thousand copies of the Address of His Honor the
Mayor be printed for the use of the City Council, and for distribution
among the citizens.
Sent down for concurrence.
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Clerk.
In Board of Aldermen, Jan. 9, 1860.
JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk.
Gentlemen of the City Council :
The swiftly gliding weeks of the old, have ngain
brought us to the threshold of the new year, and we are
assembled in accordance with the provisions of our char-
ter to organize the Government for 1860.
I desire to express my grateful acknowledgments to
my fellow-citizens for their gratifying approval of my
past services, by a reelection to this responsible and hon-
orable ofiice. Hoping that the last year's experience of
its varied duties may render my endeavors more beneficial
to the interests of the Cityi, I shall cheerfully devote my
time and whatever ability I possess, to an impartial, con-
scientious and faithful effort, for the common good.
Having taken upon ourselves the oaths of ofiice, our con-
stituents have a right to demand that the important trusts
committed to us shall be honestly, diligently, and (to the
measure of our ability,) wisely performed.
Coming from different sections of the City, of various
parties, sects and callings, we meet here to exhibit an
impartiality, disinterestedness and liberality of sentiment
and action, that shall be wholly above and unbiased by
either. And when I see before me so many whose tried
fidelity and devotion to the best interests of the City, I
4 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
have with the greatest satisfaction witnessed, and others
who I doubt not will be animated with the same zeal,
the future is full of confidence and hope.
The general character and scope of policy in municipal
administration for any one year, must be somewhat lim-
ited, and in a manner determined by that of the previous
year. Unfinished undertakings, plans and beginnings,
are to be carried forward to completion or abandoned.
Thus our predecessors of 1858 finding Tremont Street,
in Boston, 100 feet in width, and in Eoxbury but sixty,
determined to make the street of the full width to the
junction of Cabot Street, to avoid any appearance of a
projection, and from thence eighty feet.
A plan was made by the Engineer, and a prospective
line run from Boston to Wait's Mill, Washington Street,
a number of estates upon the street purchased, and
the buildings moved back. Here was a policy just en-
tered upon, and one fifth of the expense incurred. The
bill had been drawn, and must either be endorsed or
allowed to go to protest. The Government of 1859, I
believe without a dissenting voice, endorsed the measure.
The important question then was. Shall it be widened at
once, or gradually, during ten years, more or less ? Here
was a strip of front land three-quarters of a mile long
and twenty feet wide, containing nearly two acres, to be
added to the street. Fifty-four buildings, of different
kinds and of different value, — dwelling-houses, brick
stores, manufactories, shops, i&c, were to be moved back
or cut off ; two stone bridges were to be built, and a
large part of the distance to be filled up a depth of from
two to eight feet. The grade of the street had not been
fixed and established, and constant claims were made
upon the City for damage, by reason of frequent changes
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 5
in the grade, rendering it necessary to raise or lower tlie
buildings. This being a main avenne, all public and
private streets leading into it must conform to its grade,
and it became vastly important that that grade should be
It was obvious that the price of land would immedi-
ately increase, and equally so that to cut off one estate
and allow an adjoining one to project twenty feet, would
be no advantage to the estate cut off, but if all were cut
off, or moved back at the same time, all would be bene-
fited. An immediate widening of the street would ac-
commodate the public travel, increase the value of prop-
erty, induce owners of estates to improve them with a
better class of buildings, and offer to others tempting
opportunities for investment.
In view of all these circumstances, there seemed no
doubt of the wisdom of completing the undertaking at
once, and the Committee on Streets, having the matter
in charge, were of opinion that each case of damage
should be carefully examined, the value of land ascer-
tained, the price at Avhich the buildings could be moved,
and these facts being obtained, that it would then be
best to see if the owner would consent to take a fair
price for his damage, rather than exercise the strong
hand of the law, and cut the buildings off. The City in
widening a street has no power to move a man's build-
ings back. This must be done by negociation, if at all,
and, in many cases, it was a saving to the City to adopt
this course. At Tremont Place, for instance, a saving-
was made to the City of at least from $3,000 to $5,000,
by purchasing an estate in the rear, and then moving
eight buildings to prevent the cutting off and almost des-
truction of the five fronting on Tremont Street. This
6 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
mode of conducting the business required the constant
occupation of some intelligent;, firm, honest man, well
informed as to the value of property on the street, and
the practicability and expense of doing the work, and
whose judgment would not be likely to vary with the
pressure of interested parties. The right man for the
service being on the Committee, the rest of its members
employed him to take charge of the details in connection
with the Mayor and another member, as a sub-committee,
and thus the best mode to be adopted, and all the de-
tails as to value of each lot of land, expense of moving
buildings, &c., were as faithfully and patiently investi-
gated as in a private transaction.
One hundred and twenty-six contracts were entered
into by the City, seventy-seven thousand seven hundred
and three square feet of land have been added to the
stre-et, at an average cost of forty-eight cents per square
foot, amounting to ^37,000. Fifty-four buildings have
been moved back, two stone bridges built, damage to
particular estates paid, street filled up, regraded, and
buildings raised or lowered to conform to grade, all
amounting to $28,000 more, making the total expense
$65,000. This, although a large sum, is believed to be
much less than the aggregate expense would have been
had it been done yearly during a number of years.
It gives me pleasure to bear testimony to the fair and
honorable dealing of the abutters and parties connected
with the various transactions, and to state that not a
case of litigation has arisen during the year.
I feel that great credit is due the different members of
the Government, for their steady and persistent efforts in
carrying out the measure, and particularly to the gentle-
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 7
men of the Committee who were connected with its
I have thus, Gentlemen, with some fear of wearying
your patience, given the reasons and manner of conduct-
ing an improvement of greater magnitude, all things
considered, and carried forward with more economy, des-
patch and satisfaction to the abutters and the public gen-
erally, than usually falls to the opportunity of any City
Government to accomplish.
The important subject of sewarage has received much
and constant attention, theoretically, for a number of
years. Repeated surveys have been made, and valuable
information accumulated on the subject. It seemed,
therefore, the last year, that the time had come for put-
ting some well digested plan into operation in that part
of the City calling most loudly for relief.
The pestilential accumulations of filth and stagnant,
indictable water in the vicinity of Plymouth and Fel-
lowes Streets, left no doubt on the minds of the authori-
ties of Boston and Roxbury that a joint and imperative
labor and duty devolved upon them. The Committees
having the business in charge at once agreed to recom-
mend to their respective Cities the raising of the grade
of Plymouth Street to that of Northampton and Eustis
Streets, and the construction of a substantial brick sewer
of sufficient capacity its whole length, and to be contin-
ued down Harrison Avenue and off into the channel
through Dedham Street, each City doing all the work on
its own territory. This recommendation was confirmed
and immediE^tely put in execution on both sides. Thus
8 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
securing to Roxbury, through the honorable and liberal
policy of Boston, an outlet for the drainage of about
thirty acres of our territory at much less trouble and ex-
pense than we could have obtained in any other manner.
In consequence of this arrangement, each City has since
made Plymouth Street sixty feet in width, it formerly
being but fifty. Here was a street belonging to the City
built on the marsh level, and valuable buildings located
on it, where high tides would ebb and flow, and the ex-
pense of raising the street nine feet, and the buildings
also, to be borne by the City ; all the result of not having
had the grades of the streets established long since. It
has proved an expensive caution for the present and
future Governments not to allow streets or buildings to be
built too low. This street will now serve as a sample or
pattern street for that locality, and none should be built
of less height. A better class of buildings will be
erected now than would have been had the street not
been raised. A good brick sewer, three feet by two feet
and four inches, has been built in this street to Eustis
Street, and one up Mall Street, eighteen inches in diam-
eter, and one up Short to Sumner Street, two feet in
diameter, all by contract, and, at the same time, it is
believed, thoroughly and at a satisfactory price. The
buildings on Plymouth Street have been raised, for the
most part, others moved back, and a large part of the
filling put in. The finishing up and completing of these
various undertakings will require your consideration and
Four hundred feet of the outlet of the main sewer, five
by three and a half feet, of brick and cement, has been
constructed from the dock of the City Wharf up Davis
Street, which will receive all the scweras^e of the eastern
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. ' 9
part of the City. This was a very difficult and expen-
sive work, it being at a depth of fifteen feet, and most
of it in a bed of quicksand, with a great flow of water,
and the work to be done during low tide.
One other sewer in Fellowes Street has been con-
structed, through Northampton Street and leading into
the main sewer above described, two feet by eighteen
inches, of timber and plank. The expediency of extend-
ing the main sewer up Davis Street to the foot of Mount
Pleasant, will be a matter for your consideration.
The proportion of the expense of the construction of
sewers to be borne by abutters and parties immediately and
remotely interested, and the proportion to be borne by the
City, will require your careful investigation and deliber-
ation. The amount thus far expended in the construc-
tion of sewers is about ten thousand dollars, a part of
which will be paid back by abutters and those using them.
The subject of drainage for the west part of the City
will demand your early and best efforts, as one of much
pressing importance to the health and prosperity of that
section of the City, now rapidly increasing in population
The expenditures the last year upon the streets have
been large, larger probably than in any other year, but
many of them have been of a permanent character.
Many streets have been brought to the grade established
by the Engineer, and will not need changing again 5
such are a portion of Warren Street, Sumner Street,
Short Street, Eliot Square, Parker, south of Washington
Street, and a portion north. Centre Street was thor-
oughly McAdamized, also East Street. Washington
10 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
Street was gravelled for nearly half a mile. The whole
length of Tremont Street has been graded, paved from
Kuggles Street nearly to the Boston line, on the east side
of the Horse Railroad track, edge-stone set, large amount
of brick sidewalk laid, and projections removed.
The amount of brick paving, 4,562 yds.
Block stone, for crossings and
driveways, . . . 2,613 ««
Round stone paving, for gut-
ters, &c., on Tremont St., 8,000 *«
Curb stone set, . . 21,515 feet.
Whole amount of expenditures are about $37,000.
The gravel bank that was purchased on Shawm ut
Avenue, containing three acres, at $12,000, proves to
contain excellent road material, and enables the Commis-
sioner to select his material so as to build and repair the
streets of the very best material. And he is entitled to
the full credit of having done his work in the most sub-
stantial and thorough manner.
Short Street, from Dudley to Sumner Street, has been
opened and nearly built the past season, affording a much
needed local accommodation to that part of the City, and
affording a safeguard against the spread of fire. The
expense will be about $10,000.
For a number of years petitions have been before the
Government to have Heath Street laid out across the low
land, from corner of Parker Street, to meet Highland
Street. The subject was taken into consideration early
this spring, and as it was believed the interest of the
City would be better promoted and most of the petition-
ers be better suited, the direction of the continuance was
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 11
changed so as to give the residents of Heath Street the
most direct route to the City Hall, schools, and churches,
&c., where they had most occasion to travel. The wis-
dom of this route has been sanctioned by the County
Commissioners approving the route and authorising its
construction, and it is now under contract to be finished
next June. That it will greatly increase the value of
property in Heath Street, which is now almost cut off
from the City by its unfavorable approaches, is confi-
The continuation of Plymouth Street to the corner of
Dudley and Warren Streets, which has been recom-
mended twice or three times, will call for your careful
consideration. Should the owners of property on the
route appreciate its advantages sufficiently, and manifest
a commendable liberality, I doubt not it will meet your
The Brookline Horse Railroad has been put in opera-
tion during the past year, and the extension of the War-
ren Street track to Grove Hall determined upon. When
this last is completed, there will be very little of our ter-
ritory more than half a mile from Horse Railroad facilities.
a mode of travelling more safe, comfortable, cheap and
convenient than any other for public accommodation.
Roxbury, from the unfavorable location of the Boston
and Providence Railroad, has heretofore derived very
little advantage from railroads. It is now, by the Metro-
politan Horse Railroad, as well, if not better accommo-
dated, than any place in this vicinity, and it is matter
of congratulation that that road is in the management of
gentlemen so deserving our confidence.
12 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
GRADES OP STREETS.
The necessity of establishing suitable grades to our
Streets without longer delay, was so fully brought home
to the mind of the Government the past year, that it left
no doubt what ought to be done. Many streets were
known to be several feet below their proper grade, so
much so that to drain them with suitable descent, would
make it necessary to build the drains on top of the
streets. To allow buildings to be erected on such
streets at their present grades, would involve the City in
heavy damages in future. Plymouth Street, already re-
ferred to, was one of this class. The old maxim, that
*' an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure,"
seemed as true here as in morals. It was determined,
therefore, to employ Wm. L. Dearborn, Esq., as Chief
Engineer, to establish the grades of the several streets,
and also for the sewers. That work has been nearly
completed. A part of this work has been passed upon
by the last Government, and the balance will be laid be-
fore you in a short time for your consideration.
By the Report of the School Committee which has
just been distributed, it will appear that the Schools are
represented in their usual flourishing condition. Two
substantial brick additions have been made to both the
Dearborn and Comins, nearly doubling their capacities.
Some slight change has been made in the mode of classi-
fying and arranging these schools, which it is hoped will
give increased satisfaction to their patrons.
One marked improvement in school accommodations
has taken place in collecting all the pupils within the
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 13
buildings owned by the City and suited for school-rooms.
Previously there were three or four divisions poorly pro-
vided for, in hired rooms. There is no pressing want of
further school accommodation at this time.
The number of teachers in all our schools is 77
Number of pupils, .... 3,581
Cost of education, exclusive of buildings, $35,137
Average per scholar, . . . . $9.80
It has long seemed to me, Grentlemen, and I desire to
call yonr attention as well as the attention of the School
Committee to the matter, that we need in this City a
school, where the simple branches only are taught, viz :
Beading, Spelling, Writing, and the four first rules of
Arithmetic on the slate. It is well known that many
of our backward scholars leave the grammar school not
able to write, and not as well prepared for the duties of
life, as they would have been had their time been devo-
ted to more simple studies wdiile there. Their parents
are too dependent on their labor to allow them to remain
long enough in the grammar school to be benefitted by
it. Mental arithmetic, grammar, or even geography is
not what is best suited to them ; — they are not interest-
ed in either, and they make little or no progress and
soon leave the school ignorant. Could not 50 or 100
such pupils be taught in half the time and at half the
expense than they are now, and advanced further to-
wards the end sought — a useful education ?
The scattered divisions and departments also of our
High School need consolidating into one harmonious
whole, under one principal, where the classification will
be more perfect, the standard of scholarship advanced,
and the expense of instruction lessened from $3000 to
$2000 per annum.
14 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
I am happy in believing, Gentlemen, that our Fire
Department is in a most efficient and reliable condition.
Composed of a body of strong, active, ambitious young
men, its services are prompt and reliable on all occasions.
The Chief Engineer and his assistants are entitled to
warm praise for infusing a high degree of order and de-
corum among the members, and they should not fail to
receive our encouragement and support, for the cordial
manner in which they have seconded the efforts of their
The amount of property destroyed the past year is so
small as to excite enquiry for some adequate cause.
Alarms. Loss. Insurance.
In 1856 there were 82 $36,710 $18,346
" 1857 " " 53 27,675 16,835
" 1858 " " 120 45,900 30,060
" 1859 " " 66 13,250 23,570
This amount of loss, you perceive, is less than one third
of the previous year, and less than half of the year pre-
vious to that, and while in all the previous years named,
the insurance is but one half the loss, last year the insu-
rance was double the loss. These facts are somewhat
accidental, but much may fairly be ascribed to the im-
proved condition and efficiency of the Department, in-
crease of reservoirs and hydrants, and partly no doubt,
to the energy, vigilance and success of the Police and
A substantial brick Engine House has been erected on
Eustis Street, in a style similar to the one previously
erected at the corner of Dudley and Warren Streets,
alike creditable to the architect and the city.
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 15
Three spacious brick reservoirs have been constructed
at points most needing them, and eight hundred feet of
leading hose have been furnished.
The ordinary expenses of the Department are $13,600
New Engine House, 2,700
This expenditure although large, much of it being ex-
traordinary, may be considered judiciously made, if it is,
to a great extent, the cause of the gratifying result of
the small loss of property during the year. The policy
of making any reasonable expenditure to keep the De-
partment thoroughly furnished and equipped, has been
the one adopted ; and then relying on the generosity,
ambition, and sense of duty of its members, to win the
esteem and approbation of their fellow citizens.
There is now a petition before the Government, asking
some encouragement to stationary steam power for ex-
tinguishing fire by providing hose. I recommend this
subject to your careful attention.
Steam Fire Engines are winning favor in most places,
particularly where the buildings are high and thickly
crowded together. From the hilly nature of our territo-
ry and the moderate supply of water at many points, it
has not heretofore seemed advisable to introduce one
here. The quantity of water they are able to pour upon
a fire at any height, in the hottest or coldest weather,
gives them great advantage over hand power. One
Steam Engine in place of one of our hand engines, would
probably give us double the service, at the same ex-
pense ; and whenever it is expedient to incur this
expense, I would recommend the change. The reputa-
16 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
tion that the present Department enjoys, will preclude
the idea of any want of confidence in them, but only
show a desire to keep pace with improvement and pro-
vide for an increasing population in the cheapest and
The subject of extending a Cochituate water pipe
from the Boston line through Plymouth to Eustis Street,
to be used only to extinguish fire, came before the last
Council, and, I am happy to say, received a favorable
hearing both here and by the authorities of Boston. It
is believed to be much the cheapest mode of supplying
that locality, underlaid as it is with quicksand at a depth
of six or eight feet, making it very expensive to con-
The present mode of organizing, paying and managing
our Police and Watch, is probably as good as can be
adopted for a city of this size. This Department of the
public service is one of very great importance and its
proper organization and efficient action have an intimate
relation with the good order and welfare of the commu-
nity. I believe this City has never had in this depart-
ment of its service, a keener-sighted, more vigilant,
honorable and humane set of men. Being entitled to
the respect and confidence of the community, who are
well disposed towards law and good order, they neces-
sarily carry fear and terror to the vicious and lawless.
Their arrest of the offenders in the few cases of burglary,
some of them almost as soon as the act was committed,
is evidence of their promptness. But their distinguished
success early in the spring, in arresting that wanton,
secret, fiendish class of offenders, whose appalling offence
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 17
was a terror to all, the incendiary, entitles them to the
highest praise, for caution, adroitness and sagacity. Let
your recollection but call up the frequent alarms one
year since from the appalling cry of fire at winter's mid-
night, and then the consoling fact, that no less than
eight of those godless sons of destruction were caught
and brought before the court, and you will acknowledge
the benefit of a vigilant and energetic Police and Watch.
The quiet and good order since is in very marked
The appointment of an honest, intelligent, laborious
and efficent man to the responsible office of Chief Mar-
shal, conferred respectability upon the Department and
was an honor to the City. That officer has prepared so
full and valuable a report of this year's incidents and
labor, that I bespeak for it an attentive perusal when
printed, and therefore will detract nothing from its in-
terest by giving its prominent statistics.
There are now in the Almshouse thirty inmates, con-
sisting of old people past work, middle aged, incapacita-
ted, either bodily or mentally, and children. All need
kind and indulgent treatment, which they have ; and it
is creditable to the liberality and humanity of the City,
that they are better provided for, fed and clothed, than
a large number of the tax payers. There seems little,
if any thing, to be done to improve the condition of
such, except educating and properly guiding the young,
which is attended to.
A large part of the building being unoccupied, a
recommendation was made last year, that it be made
usefal as a place of confinemer^t for truant children.
18 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
The necessary alterations have been made and ample
provision of house and yard room secured, from which
the best results are expected.
It has been found difficult, dangerous, and expensive,
to heat the number of apartments necessary, with stoves,
the mode heretofore adopted. To overcome these obsta-
cles the Overseers have recently put in operation there,
the steam heating apparatus of Messrs. Chubbuck & Son.
The result is most satisfactory and gratifying. The sav-
ing of fuel is very considerable ; the heat abundant and
of the most agreeable quality, and the labor of the hoiise
as well as danger from fire largely diminished. Con-
nected with the boiler are the wash-tubs in the lower
room, so that all the water is heated by steam and this is
made a convenient, comfortable apartment now, in place
of the opposite, as before.
The neat, orderly and homelike manner in which Mr.
and Mrs. Young conduct the establishment, entitle it to
take rank with those most approved.
The number of transient lodgers during the year has
been 303. The number sent to the State Almshouse
during the same period, 103.
The expenditures for the year, including the improve-
ments referred to, are $7,900.
There is another class of our citizens to whom I wish
to call your considerate and favorable attention early,
viz : — Industrious, hard-working men with large fami-
lies, who absolutely suffer for food and clothing as soon
as they fail to get employment. They are just able to
live in summer, and cannot lay up any thing. To turu
away such, when soliciting employment and stating the
condition of their families at this season of the year,
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 19
without hope, is the most trying necessity of a public
Last year $2,000 were appropriated to give employ-
ment to such, in blasting off a stone ledge from a lot of
Ian d_ adjoining the Almshouse, now valueless, and break-
ing the stone up for road material. While there are few
houses in the vicinity, it can be safely done and the land
made valuable. A like amount appropriated this year,
would give bread, clothing, comfort and schooling to
many, and I therefore recommend it.
The City Debt, as per account of last year, was $280,000
Increase this year for the following purpo-
poses, viz :■ — Building and widening Tre-
mont, Plymouth, Short, Washington and
Vernon Streets, $87,000
Construction of Sewers, . . . 10,000
Building School Houses, . . . 7,000
Purchase of land for gravel bank, 12,000
FOREST HILLS CEMETERY.
The ever increasing prosperity of this consecrated spot
must give the highest gratification to its early friends
and projectors. Appealing as it does to the best feel-
ings of our nature, the wise and good of the present and
all coming time cannot fail to appreciate and be grate-
ful for their services.
To this place of great natural beauty, the taste of the
landscape gardener and the genius of the artist are year-
20 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
ly adding their contributions ; and as one after another
of our fellow citizens, friends or kindred are deposited in
this flower garden of the dead, our love and attachment
for it increases.
The Commissioners will make their report in February,
giving a detailed statement of the year's transactions.
FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY.
The friends of education in this State, feeling the im-
portance of the subject, procured in 1851 the passage of
a law allowing towns and cities to establish Free Public
Libraries. Since the passage of that law, a number of
cities have availed themselves of its provisions, and the
universal testimony as to their success and elevating
effect leaves no doubt as to the wisdom of establishing
them. We have in this City an Athenseum, possessed
of a collection of about 7,000 volumes of valuable books,
which would aiford a foundation for a free library that
would soon be an honor, and of priceless value to the
City. My esteemed predecessor in 1857, feeling the
great importance of the subject to this City, made a full
and elaborate report, after conferring with the Trustees
of the Athenaeum, who in a most liberal manner offered
to give all their books, worth probably $5,000, and
recommended the details of a plan, and an ordinance for
carrying it into operation. Most fully agreeing with
him in the general features of the plan proposed, I desire
to call your serious attention to the subject at this time.
Nothing is truer than that liberality begets liberality,
and once establish a free public library in this City, and
the contributions, donations and bequests to it, by all
classes of our citizens, and those away, who were born
here and still have a strung attachment to the place.
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 21
would soon constitute a valuable library, at trifling ex-
pense. The increase of the Free Library in Boston, from
1857 to 1858, was 15,000 volumes ; of this number,
almost 10,000 volumes were the free gift of individuals.
It is well known to most, doubtless, that the foundation of
that library was the munificent bequest of one of its sons
in a distant land, with a heart warm with love for his
native city. Is it too much to anticipate, that a similar
good fortune may be in store for Eoxbury ? In fact one
such has been made to this city, and in due time its
advantages will be enjoyed.
A Free Library is the climax and apex of our great
system of popular education. When our sons and daugh-
ters leave the High School, let us be able to refer them,
for instruction and improvement, to the richly laden
shelves of a well selected library, where they will find
not only a teacher but a preacher, liberalizing, elevating
and Christianizing. If we would keep them from less
desirable places of resort, let us make such as the library
room attractive and alluring. We owe the privileges of
such a library to the large body of devoted public teach-
ers in charge of our schools, for their own improvement
and for reference, in teaching their pupils. The ex-
pense anticipated would be mainly an annual outlay of
some ^1,200 or $1,500. A sum that we vote, without
the least hesitation, for widening a street, changing its
grade, or rounding a corner.
No subject of more importance to the City will call for
your attention during the year, than that of obtaining a
free flow of Stony Brook into the Charles River. This,
perhaps you are aware, was formerly a very important
22 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
and valuable ship channel, and could be made so now
■with suitable Legislative assistance. The preliminary
steps of advertising a petition have been taken for bring-
ing this matter before the General Court at its present
session. I recommend it to your earnest and energetic
attention, as a matter of the highest moment, both in
its commercial relations and as affecting the health of
that part of the town, by preventing unhealthy deposits
throughout the entire length of the brook below Tremont
Connected with this subject, although in an opposite
part of the City, is the Report of our excellent Harbor
Master, Capt. Winchester, just published, showing the
importance of water communication to our City. Here
is a business of nearly half a million dollars done by from
five to six hundred vessels. This channel is about five
feet deeper on the Boston side than on our own, imper-
atively demanding deepening on our side. It will be a
matter for you to determine what action the City shall
take towards it. I am not aware that any thing of the
kind has been done previously by the City. How far
the deposits from drains may make it her duty to deepen
the channel, is an open question.
There is one subject, G-entlemen, to which I desire to
call your favorable action — a subject upon which I be-
lieve the great mass of our intelligent constituents are
in advance of past governments. Children are not
allowed to make their school-yards a resort as a play-
ground, and if found in the streets, the police are likely
to take them in custody. Young lads from six to four-
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 23
teen years of age have a great amount of rare sport
in them, and they want some suitable, sizeable place,
where they can work it off joyously, healthfully, and
prepare themselves to become men. I am often asked
by parents where they shall direct their children to play.
Physical education has been too much neglected, and
it is to be more and more attended to. Let us have.
Gentlemen, one or more places — I will not dignify them
with the high-sounding title of squares or parks, but
play-grounds, — where all, old and young, who have any
play in them — and who will acknowledge that he has
not ? — have a right to resort for a game of foot-ball,
cricket, base-ball, or any other out-door, healthy, ex-
citing, manly sport ; where a military or fire company
can go for a parade, or to exhibit their skill, or to invite
their friends from other towns, and not be obliged to
pay tribute to a railroad to take them into Boston or to
Jamaica Plains. How much better to give, as far as we
may, a direction of their playful energies to out-door,
fresh air, cold water exercises, than allow them from
necessity to seek the confined, poisonous, unhealthy air,
of the billiard-room or bowling-alley ! The golden time
w^hen such places could have been purchased at $100
per acre, has passed. But this is a golden time to se-
cure such, as compared with the price of land fifty or
one hundred years hence. When are these places to be
had any cheaper or where are they to be had at all, if
not now ?
Let us provide for our necessities, purchasing on a
long credit, and taxing ourselves yearly to pay the in-
terest and a fixed sum of the principal, till the whole is
paid, and I have no fear of the complaints of posterity ;
24 MAYOR'S ADDRESS. [Jan.
but we shall deserve their censure if we do nothing but
blame our ancestors.
When we reflect that thirty-four years ago the only
public conveyance between this place and Boston was a
two horse stage coach, starting once in two hours, blow-
ing a post horn to notify the passengers to be ready, and
that the whole number of passengers for a day was only
forty-five, and that now there are on some days 20,000
in the same time, we may rest assured that the prosper-
ity of this goodly City is onward, " right onward."
Having for this year the management of the affairs of
this growing City, Gentlemen, let us study a wise but
liberal and progressive policy, and as far as in us lies,
let us encourage " paying as we go."
Called by the suffrages of our beloved City to her
different posts of duty and honor, much of her growing
prosperity will depend upon our conduct. In accepting
the trusts thus delegated to us, we have done so with an
implied pledge, that neither from self-interest or want of
fidelity will we suffer these trusts to be neglected or im-
paired. Nay, more, we have here severally and collect-
ively, taken a solemn oath that we will " faithfully and
impartially," to the best of our " ability," discharge
the several duties which have been assigned to us.
These are not unmeaning words. The solemnities of the
oath of this hour should be seriously pondered and reli-
giously considered. That member of the Government
who neglects to devote the requisite time and attention
to the performance of the duties devolving on him, will
not "faithfully" comply with the obligations of his
I860.] CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. 25
oath. Can he be said to be impartial, who makes use
of his official station for private ends or party purposes,
to the detriment of the public service ? Hasty and ill-
considered action on important measures, whether for or
against them, is not according to his " best judgment."
Let us, therefore, Gentlemen, keep constantly before
us, during the year, in the discharge of all our duties,
their magnitude and responsibility, viewed in reference
to the oath just taken. Let us ever bear in mind, that
absence from our post of duty, Avhen others are in attend-
ance, even if it be but a Committee of three, is unfaith-
fulness to the trust we have assumed, and detrimental to
the public service. To a conscientious discharge of even
minor duties, therefore, let me solicit your cooperation,
with the full hope that by Divine favor, our united
counsel and action may be for the prosperity and honor
of our most cherished City.