(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "[City documents, 1847-1867]"

r€^ 



% 635 1.2 



"Bi 




^E. 



3J 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/citydocuments613roxb 



City Document. — No. 3. 



REGULATIONS 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE 



€\\i 0f |ifl3t"krg. 




.A.I>OI»'rE5I> J.A.I<ffTJ-A.IfK", X801. 



RO XBUR Y : 

L. B. & O. E. WESTON, PRINTERS, GUILD ROW. 

1861. 



CitB 0f ^Ic^'htrs, 



In School Committee, January 9, 1861. 

Messrs. Plympton, Cummings, and McGill were appointed a Committee 
to prepare and report to this Board, Rules and Regulations for their 
government the present year. 

January 23. 

The Committee on Rules and Regulations submitted the Report of said 
Committee, which was read and adopted ; whereupon it was 

Ordered, That 1000 copies of the Rules and Regulations, accompanied 
by the Course of Studies, and Text-Books allowed in the several Schools 
of the City, be printed for the use of the Schools and Committee. 

JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 



REaUL^TIONS 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OE ROXBURY. 



CHAPTER I. 
Organization. 



Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be 
held on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization 
of the City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary 
shall then be chosen by ballot. 

Sect. 2. There shall also be appointed, at the same 
meeting, Local Committees for the several Schools in the 
City, to consist of three members for the High and each of 
the Grammar Schools, and one member for each Primary 
School ; a Committee on Primary School Teachers, and on 
Books, each consisting of five members, one of whom shall 
be the Chairman of the Board ; a Committee on Rules and 
Regulations, on Finance, and on Music and Drawing, each 
consisting of three members. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Primary School Teachers, to receive the names and cre- 
dentials of all applicants over eighteen years of age ; to 
examine the qualifications of those present at any regular 
meeting called by the Chairman ; to grant a certificate to 
those who pass a satisfactory examination; and, acting in 
concert with the Local Committee, to appoint a teacher from 
those examined and approved, to fill a vacancy in any 



4 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

Primary School, to be confirmed withiii three months by 
the Board, on recommendation of the Local Committee. 
The Chairman shall also keep a list of all approved appli- 
cants, for the use of local Committees in providing sub- 
stitutes. 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Books to propose the text-books to be used in the schools, 
which shall, in all cases, be submitted to the Board for 
approval, but shall not be finally acted upon until said 
books have been before the Board at least one week, and 
not until every member of the Board has been supplied for 
examination with a copy of the book or books proposed 
to be introduced into the schools. Nor shall any change 
of books be allowed, except on condition that the publisher 
of the book proposed to be introduced into the schools, 
shall give a copy of said book to each pupil for the one in 
use by such pupil which said new book shall displace. 

Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Finance to confer with any committee of the Board of 
Aldermen and Common Council, on the subject of appro- 
priations for the Public Schools. 

Sect. 6. Stated quarterly meetings of the Board shall 
be held, on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in 
February; on the first Wednesday in June; on the 
Wednesday after the last Monday in July, and on the 
Wednesday before Thanksgiving Day. 

Sect. 7. At the last quarterly meeting in the year, the 
teachers of the public schools shall be elected, and their 
salaries voted. 

Sect. 8. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

Sect. 9. All meetings of the Board shall be held in 
public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and 
notice thereof shall be given to all the members at least 
four days previous. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 5 

CHAPTER II. 

Rights and Duties of the Chairman. 

Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely 
at the lioiir appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he 
shall call the members to order, and on the appearance of 
a quorum shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting 
to be read, and proceed to business. In the absence of 
the Chairman, the Board shall choose a Chairman pro 
tempore. 

Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of 
the Board whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the 
request in writing of any two members. 

Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the 
Board shall otherwise direct. 

Sect. 4. He shall preserve order in the meetings ; he 
may speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers, and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the Board, on motion of any member. 

Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes, but if any member 
doubt the vote, he shall, without further debate upon the 
question, require the members voting to rise and stand 
until they are counted, and he shall declare the result. 

Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the 
chair, provided such substitution shall not continue longer 
than one meeting. When the Board shall determine to go 
into Committee of the Whole, he shall appoint the member 
who shall take the chair. He may express his opinion on 
any subject under debate, but in such case he shall leave the 
chair, and appoint some other member to take it, and he 
shall not resume the chair while the same question is pend- 
ing. But he may state facts, and give his opinion on ques- 
tions of order, without leaving his place. 

Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to 



6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take the 
sense of the Board in that manner. 

Sect. 8. After a motion has been stated by the Chair- 
man, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board, unless 
the mover withdraw it before a decision or an amendment. 

Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to ad- 
journ as always in order, unless a member has possession 
of the floor, or a question has been put and not decided, 
and said motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question be now put ? " 
and all amendments or further debate of the main question 
shall be suspended, until the previous question shall have 
been decided; and the previous question shall not be put 
unless a majority of the members present are in favor of it. 

Sect. 11. When two or more members happen to rise 
at the same time, the Chairman shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 



CHAPTER III. 

Duties of the Secretary. 

Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records 
of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be kept 
on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all the 
proceedings of the Board; shall notify all stated and 
special meetings ; shall notify the Chairman of any com- 
mittee appointed, stating the commission, and the names of 
the members; shall notify the meetings of all committees 
when requested by their Chairman ; notify the instructors 
of their appointments, and shall give other notices as the 
Board may require. 

Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required 
by the statute of the Commonwealth. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 7 

CHAPTER IV. 
Rights and Duties of Members. 

Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate, 
or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his 
place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall con- 
fine himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality. 

Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another 
member by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward 
he represents, the place he sits in, or such other designa- 
tion as may be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by 
another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a 
mistake. But if any member, in speaking or otherwise, 
transgress the rules of the Board, the Chairman shall, 
or any member may, call him to order ; in which case the 
member so called to order shall immediately sit down, un- 
less permitted to explain; and the Board, if appealed to, 
shall decide on the case, but without debate. 

Sect. 4. When a motion is made, it shall be considered 
by the Board ; and when a question is under debate, no 
motion shall be received but to adjourn — to lay on the 
table — for the previous question — to postpone to a day 
certain — to commit — to amend — or to postpone indefi- 
nitely ; which several motions shall have precedence in the 
order in which they stand. 

Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if 
the Chairman desire, or any member of the Board 
request it. 

Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made and car- 
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for 
any member to move a reconsideration. In case the mo- 
tion be made at the same meeting, it shall be competent 
for a majority of the members present to pass a vote of 



8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

reconsideration ; but if it be made at a subsequent meet- 
ing, the subject shall not be reconsidered unless a majority 
of all the members of the Board vote therefor. No more 
than one motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall 
be permitted. 

Sect. 7. Every member present when a question is put, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
excuse him. 

Sect. 8. On the " previous question/' no member shall 
speak more than once, without leave of the Board ; and no 
member shall speak longer than ten minutes at any one 
time upon any question under consideration, unless by 
special permission of the Board to continue his remarks. 

Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, 
and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be de- 
termined by a vote of the Board. 

Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations 
shall lie over until the next meeting. Any rule may be 
suspended for the time being by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members present. 



CHAPTER V. 

Duties of Local Committees. 

Sect. 1. The Local Committees shall visit their re- 
spective schools at least once a month, and oftener if con- 
venient. 

Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall give their advice 
to the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance 
of any difficulty which may have occurred between the in- 
structors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between 
the teachers themselves, relative to the government or in- 
struction of the School. An appeal, however, to the whole 
Board, is not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 9 

Sect. 3. The several chainncu of the Local Commit- 
tees of tlie High and Grammar Schools shall be the organ 
of communication between said committees and the schools ; 
but shall not act on any matter of interest to tlic school, 
without the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee. 

Sect. 4. In case of a vacancy in the office of principal 
in the High or Grammar Schools, nominations and elections 
for the place shall be made by the Board. 

Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy, in the High or Grammar 
Schools, in the place of any teacher other than the princi- 
pal, the Chairman of the Board, with the Local Committee 
of the School in which such vacancy exists, shall examine 
the qualifications of candidates, and from the list of those 
who shall pass a satisfactory examination, the Local Com- 
mittee shall appoint one as a teacher pro tempore ; which 
appointment shall be submitted to the Board at the first 
ensuing quarterly meeting for approval. And no such 
teacher shall be appointed by the Board, until he or she 
shall have been examined as aforesaid, and shall have re- 
ceived a satisfactory certificate thereof. The masters or 
heads of departments shall be consulted in the appoint- 
ment of their assistants. 

Sect. 6. In case of a vacancy in the place of a teacher 
of any Primary School, it shall be the duty of the Local 
Committee to give immediate notice thereof to the Com- 
mittee on Primary School Teachers, and with their cooper- 
ation fill such vacancy. 

Sect. 7. In addition to these specific duties of the Lo- 
cal Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to make 
any temporary arrangement which they may find necessary, 
relative to their schools, or the convenience of the in- 
structors, in cases not provided for by the general regu- 
lations. 

Sect. 8. Although the interest of the schools demands 
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall 
consider it his duty to watch over all the public schools in 
2 



10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

the city, to attend their examinations, and to visit them at 
other times so far as practicable. 

Sect. 9. No teacher or other person in the employ of 
the School Committee, shall purchase anything at the ex- 
pense of the city without a written order from the Local 
Committee of the School for which such purchase is to be 
made ; and all bills for repairs, books and furniture, shall 
be approved by the Local Committees, or in case of absence 
or any other inability, by the Chairman or Secretary of 
the Board. 



REaULA.TIOlsr8 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS 



CHAPTER I. 

Teachers. 



Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the 
Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They 
shall punctually observe the hours for opening and dismis- 
sing the school, and during school hours shall devote them- 
selves to the public service. 

Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very dejiciejit 
by the quarterly examining committee, and placed on pro- 
bation by order of the Board, the Secretary shall notify 
such teacher of the fact, and state the deficiency reported. 
Any teacher who shall persist in violating the rules of this 
Board, shall be put on probation by the Local Committee, 
or, in their absence, by the Chairman, who shall report the 
delinquency at the next meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall 
be commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures ; and 
it is recommended that the same be followed by the Lord's 
Prayer. 

Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school rooms of 
their respective schools, for the reception of scholars, at 
lea,st fifteen minutes before the time prescribed for com- 



12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 3. 

mencing each session. The teachers shall require the 
scholars to be in their seats, and shall commence and close 
the exercises of the schools punctually at the prescribed 
hours. 

Sect. 5. The teachers shall give the children constant 
employment, and endeavor by judicious and diversified 
modes, to render the exercises of the school pleasant as 
well as profitable ; — '■ they shall maintain firm, prudent and 
vigilant discipline ; and shall govern by persuasive and 
gentle measures as far as practicable. They shall never 
resort to corporal punishment, until other means of influ- 
encing the pupils shall have failed; and when deemed 
necessary, it shall be administered with judgment, and 
without undue severity. As far as practicable, they shall 
also exercise a general inspection over their scholars, as 
well out of as within the school, and on all suitable occa- 
sions inculcate upon them the principles of truth and virtue. 

Sect. 6. The teachers shall respectively keep a list of 
the scholars under their instruction, and shall record the 
page of the text-book at which every class commences in 
each term, and also the page to which it shall have advanced 
during said term ; and these records shall be open to the 
inspection of the School Committee. 

Sect. 7. The principals of the Grammar Schools are 
authorized, under the direction of the Local Committees, 
to make such classification of their respective schools, and 
such regulations for the discipline and government thereof, 
(not in violation of the regulations of this Board,) as they 
may deem expedient. And it shall be the duty of the 
principals to examine the pupils under the care of the 
assistant teachers in said schools, as often as they can, 
consistent with proper attention to those who are under 
their immediate charge. 

Sect. 8. The teachers of the several Grammar Schools 
shall impart oral instruction to their pupils at stated times, 
by assigning topics for their consideration, referring them 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 13 

to approved works for information, questioning tlieni ui)on 
tlic tliemcs assigned, and communicating such information 
thereon as they may think necessary. These exercises 
shall take place as frequently as may be thought practica- 
ble by the Local Committee and teachers. A list of the 
topics shall be open to the inspection of the examining 
committee. 

Sect. 9. In all the classes of the High and Grammar 
Schools, (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legi- 
ble hand,) the teachers shall require, at least once in two 
weeks', regular exercises in Composition, to consist of Es- 
says, Letters, Descriptions, Abstracts of Lessons, or exer- 
cises from " Tower's Grammar of Composition," according 
to the age and capacity of the pupils. These exercises 
shall be corrected by the teachers, and preserved in their 
original form with the corrections and their dates respec- 
tively, in books, to be inspected by the committee, as evi- 
dence of the proficiency of the pupils in penmanship, 
punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and the gi'ammati- 
cal construction of sentences. In the first divisions of the 
male department of the High and Grammar Schools there 
shall also be regular exercises in declamation. 

Sect. 10. In the Grammar Schools, no lesson shall be 
assigned expressly for study out of the regular school 
hours ; and in all the Schools, except the High School, the 
program of daily study shall be arranged, and the time ap- 
portioned, as far as possible, so that the lessons assigned 
may be prepared in school, and not remain for study out 
of school. Of the pupils in the High School, a moderate 
amount of study out of school may be required. The pro- 
gram of study shall be open to the inspection of the Local 
and Examining Committees. 

Sect. 11. When the example of any pupil is very in- 
jurious, and in all cases where reformation appears hope- 
less, it shall be the duty of the teacher, with the approval 



14 ■ CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

of the Local Committee, to suspend or expel such pupil 
from the school. But any child under this public censure, 
who shall have expressed to the teacher regret for such 
misdemeanor, as openly and implicitly as the nature of the 
case may require, and shall have given evidences of refor- 
mation, shall, with the previous consent of said committee, 
be reinstated in the privileges of the school. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take 
good care of the apartments of the public buildings which 
they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there 
may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them ; and also 
to give vigilant attention to the ventilation and tempera- 
ture of their school rooms. A regular system of ventila- 
tion shall be practised, as well in winter as in summer, by 
which the air in the rooms shall be effectually changed at 
each recess, and at the end of each school session before 
the house shall be closed. 

Sect. 13. No subscription or contribution, for any pur- 
pose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers, in any 
public school. Nor shall they entertain any proposals from 
agents or venders of any kind, during school hours. 

Sect. 14. Any teacher may, by permission of the Local 
Committee, take half a day each term, for visiting such 
other school in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be 
designated, and the name of the school thus visited, shall be 
entered in the teacher's register, with the date of the visit. 

Sect. 15. When a teacher shall desire to leave a divi- 
sion or school temporarily, so as to require a substitute, 
such teacher shall seasonably notify the proper Local Com- 
mittee, who shall provide a substitute, to be selected as far 
as practicable from the list of approved applicants in the 
hands of the Committee on Primary School teachers. 

Sect. 16. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the 
charge of his or her school without giving at least three 
weeks' notice to the Local Committee; and in ordinary 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 15 

cases no teacher sliall be required to give up the charge 
of his or her school without having received at least three 
weeks' notice to that effect. 

Sect. 17. The teachers are required to make vocal 
music and vocal drill regular exercises of the school. 

Sect. 18. The principal of the High and of each of the 
Grammar Schools shall respectively submit, at the close of 
the Summer term, an annual report in writing, giving his 
or her view of the state, progress, and wants of each divi- 
sion of the school during the year. 



CHAPTER II. 

Pupils. 

Sect. 1. All children of the age of five years and 
upwards residing within the limits of this city, shall, on 
application to the proper Local Committee, have free ad- 
mission to such public schools, as, in the opinion of said 
Committee, they may be qualified by age, attainments and 
residence, to enter. 

Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the 
public schools without a certificate from a physician, that 
he has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured against the 
contagion of the small-pox. And such certificate shall be 
kept on file by the teacher. 

Sect. 3. Children of the age of eight years and up- 
wards, who may pass a satisfactory examination in the 
reading books used in the Primary Schools, in spelling 
words selected from the reading lessons and from the spell- 
ing book used in the Primary Schools, in explaining the 
use of the marks of punctuation, in ennunciating clearly 
and accurately the elementary sounds of our language, in 
writing words in script hand upon the slate, in reading and 
writing Arabic numbers containing four figures, and in the 
Arithmetic used in Primary Schools, shall be entitled to 



16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

admission into the Grammar Schools. Children above 
eight years of age, tliough not possessing the requisite 
qualifications, may be admitted into the Grammar Schools 
by special permission from the Local Committees. 

The examination for admission into the Grammar Schools 
shall be made by the principal or assistant teachers thereof, 
and shall take place on the first Monday of the fo^st and 
third terms; and no pupil shall be admitted into the 
Grammar Schools from the Primary Schools except at 
those times. Provided, however, that the Local Commit- 
tees shall have discretionary power to admit pupils, pos- 
sessing the necessary qualifications, at other times than 
those mentioned. Pupils changing residence, shall be trans- 
ferred from one school to another of the same rank, pro- 
vided they bear a certificate from the teacher of the school 
they leave, expressing their standing and character, as a 
condition of their admission by the teacher to whom they 
apply for that purpose. 

The examination for admission into the High School, 
shall take place during the last week of the second term. 
Pupils who shall have reached the age of twelve years, and 
shall present a certificate of good moral character, and of 
presumed literary qualifications, from the principal of the 
school which they last attended, and shall pass a satisfac- 
tory examination in the following studies, viz. : Spelling, 
Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Modern 
Geography, and the History of the United States, shall be 
regarded by the School Committee as qualified to enter 
the High School. 

Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension 
from one school, shall be admitted to the privileges of 
another, unless by a vote of this Board. 

Sect. 5. In the Grammar Schools, during each session, 
there shall be a recess for every pupil, of ten or fifteen 
minutes ; and in the Primary Schools, of from fifteen to 
twenty minutes. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 17 

Sect. 6. Pupils shall be prompt and punctual at school, 
and shall not absent themselves therefrom except on ac- 
count of sickness or other urgent reason; and no request 
for absence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a written 
or personal one from parent or guardian. Every pupil en- 
tering after the time prescribed for the commencement of 
school, shall be marked tardy ; and whenever any pupil 
shall absent himself or herself for two weeks in succession, 
such pupil shall be considered no longer a member of the 
school. 



CHAPTER III. 
Periods of Instruction. 

Sect. 1. There shall be four Terms in the year. The 
first shall commence the Monday after the fourth Monday 
in February.* 

The second shall commence the Monday following the 
last Wednesday in May.f 

The third shall commence the first Monday in Septem- 
ber.$ 

The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the 
forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, Sundays 
and the holidays and vacations hereinafter specified, except- 
ed, and except that from the first Monday in November to 
the first Monday in February the Grammar Schools may 
omit the afternoon recess, and the schools shall close at 
four o'clock. Schools shall begin at eight o'clock in the 
morning during the summer term ; at other times, at nine 
in the morning ; and shall commence at two in the after- 
noon, except the High School, which shall commence at 
nine in the morning, and close at two in the afternoon. 

* March 4th. f June 3d. % September 2d. 

3 



18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

Scholars may, however, be detained for delinquencies or 
discipline, a reasonable time after the regular school hours. 
Sect. 3. There shall be the following Vacations : 

1. One week commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb- 
ruary.* 

2. One week commencing on the Monday before the last 
"Wednesday in May.f 

3. Six weeks next preceding the first Monday in Sep- 
tember.'j: 

4. One week commencing on the Monday before Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 4. The following holidays shall be granted alike 
to all the schools : — Every Wednesday and Saturday af- 
ternoon; Fast Day; Independence Day; Christmas Day; 
New Year's Day ; May Day, and Washington's Birth Day. 
No holiday not herein specified shall be given except by a 
vote of the Board, or by a written certificate, signed by at 
least seven members of the School Committee ; and in such 
case it shall be given alike to all the schools in the city. 

Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers 
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the 
schools in this city, for which purpose their respective 
schools maybe dismissed; it being understood, however, 
that this permission is not granted, except to those teach- 
ers who actually attend said Convention. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Examinations. 

Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some mem- 
ber or members of the Board designated by him, shall visit 
and examine every public school in the city, at least once 
each quarter, without giving previous notice to the teach- 

* February 25th. . f May 27th. % July 22d. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 19 

crs, according to the provisions of the Statute. It shall 
be the duty of this committee to obtain accurate informa- 
tion of the condition of each school, and at the next quar- 
terly meeting to make a report to the Board, in writing, 
of their examination and its results, of the condition of 
the school houses, and of any occurrences affecting the 
standing and usefulness of the schools. 

Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the 
first term, a committee of seven members of the Board 
shall examine the High and all the Grammar Schools, and 
a committee, also, of five members, shall examine all the 
Primary Schools in the city, and report upon the same, at 
the next quarterly meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. All reports of the examinations of the several 
schools shall be duly filed according to their date, and shall 
not be taken from the custody of the Secretary, except by 
permission of the Board. 



CHAPTER V. 

Books and Studies. 

Sect. 1. The exercises, studies and text-books author- 
ized in the Primary Schools, shall be the following : 

FIRST YEAR, 

1. Charts, and Sargent's Primer; 

2. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and 

words ; 

3. Oral Instruction ; 

4. Exercises on t.he Slate j 

5. Singing. 

SECOND YEAR. 

1. Sargent's First Reader, (Sargent's Second Reader;) 



20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Swan's Primary Spelling 

Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and 

words ; 

4. Marks of Punctuation; 

5. Arithmetical Cards; 

6. Reading and Writing Arabic numbers ; 

7. Exercises on the Slate ; 

8. Oral Instruction ; 

9. Singing. 

THIRD YEAR. 

1. Sargent's Second Reader, (Hillard's Fourth Reader;) 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Swan's Primary Spelling 

Book; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and 

words; 

4. Leach and Swan's Primary School Arithmetic ; 

5. Geography, taught orally, (Cornell's Primary;) 

6. Oral Instruction ; 

7. Writing words in script-hand, and other exercises on 

the Slate ; 

8. Singing. 

Sect. 2. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the Grammar Schools, shall be the following: 

FIRST YEAR. 

1. Reading — Hillard's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling — The Reader, and Worcester's Speller; 

3. Mental Arithmetic — Colburn's First Lessons ; 

4. Geography — Cornell's Primary; 

5. Penmanship. 

SECOND YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader; 

2. Spelling — Continued ; 

3. Defining — Worcester's Dictionaries ; 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 21 

4. Mental Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Written Arithmetic — Leach and Swan's ; 

6. Geography — Cornell's Primary, and Grammar School j 

7. Pen?na7iship and Drawing. 

THIRD YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Third and Fourth Readers j 

2. Spelling and Dejiiiing — Continued; 

3. Geography — Cornell's Grammar School,' 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued j 

5. Grammar — Tower's Common School ; 

6. Penmatiship, Map-Drawing, {Drawijig-Gonimued.) 

FOURTH YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling and Dejini?ig — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Gram,mar — Continued ; 

6. Compositio7i — Tower's Grammar of; 

7. History — Quackenbos's United States ; 

8. Penma?iship, Map-Drawing, (Drawing— Continned.) 

FIFTH YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Fifth Reader ; 

2. Spelling and Deji^iing — Continued; 

3. Geography — Continued; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued; 

6. Compositio7i — Continued ; 

7. History — Continued ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, (Z>rat»m^-Continued;) 

9. Book-Keeping — Hannaford and Payson's, (by the 

Boys;) 

10. Declamation — (by the Boys.) 



22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

Sect. 3. The studies pursued, and the text-books 
authorized, in the High School, shall be the following : 

FIRST YEAR. 

1. Review of Preparatory Studies : 

2. Arithmetic — Greenleaf s Higher and Colburn's First 

Lesson; 

3. Geography — Zornlin's Physical ; 

" — Worcester's Ancient and Scripture ; 

4. History — Worcester's — Commenced ; 

5. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

6. Physiology — Coming's Class Book of; 

7. Grammar — Tower's Common School; 

8. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

9. French — Pinney and Arnoult's Grammar, Le Grand- 

Pere ; 

10. Penmanship ; 

11. Drawing; 

12. Geometry — Legendre's; , 

13. English Literature. 

SECOND YEAR. 

1. History — Worcester's; 

2. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

3. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

4. Composition atid Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

5. English Literature and Biography — Cleavland's 

Compendium; 

6. French — Le Grand-Pere, Conversations sur le Grand- 

Pere; 

7. Book-Keeping — Hitchcock's ; 

8. Constitution of the United States — Sheppard's ; 

9. Lessons on Reasoning — Whately; 

10. Latin — (Voluntary.) 

11. Drawing. 



SCIiOOL REGULATIONS. 23 

THIRD YEAR. 

1. Algebra and Geometry — Finished; 

2. Trigonometry ^ with its applications to Swveyiiig, 

Navigation, Mensuration, 6^c. ; 

3. French — Continued ; 

4. Natural Philosophy ; 

5. Astronomy — Olrastead'sj 

6. Moral Philosophy — Wayland's; 

7. Rhetoric — Finished ; 

8. English Literature ; 

9. Latin Language ; 
10. Drawing; 

For the pupils who continue in the school the fourth 
year, the course of study shall be as follows : 

1. Latin Language ; 

2. French Language ; 

3. Mental Philosophy ; 

4. Moral Philosophy ; 

5. Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy, ^c. ; 

6. English Literature — Standard Authors j 

7. Drawing. 

The several classes shall have weekly exercises in Com- 
position, Reading or Declamation. 

The instructors shall pay particular attention to the Pen- 
manship of the pupils, and give constantly such instruction 
in Spelling, Reading and English Grammar, as they think 
necessary to make their pupils familiar with the funda- 
mental branches of a good education. 

[Note. — Any parent or guardian desiring a change made in the course 
of studies, in reference to the pupils under his or her charge, is request- 
ed to confer with the Local Committee and Teacher.] 



24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

Sect. 4. Scholars requiring books shall be directed by 
their teacher to provide them. If not so provided within 
three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or guardian 
in writings of the kind of book required, and in case of his 
neglect to provide in two days thereafter, shall then make 
a requisition upon the Local Committee, in which shall be 
expressed the name of such scholar, the name of the parent 
or guardian, and the name of the book ; and it shall be the 
duty of the Local Committee thereupon to furnish the 
book, and make return thereof, according to law, to the 
Assessors of the city. 



CHAPTER VI. 

Morals — Encouragement of Literature. 

The attention of teachers is particularly directed to the 
following from the General Statutes : 

"Chap. 38, § 10. It shall be the duty of the president, 
professors and tutors of the University of Cambridge, and 
of the several Colleges, and of all preceptors and teachers 
of Academies, and all other instructors of youth, to exert 
their best endeavors to impress on the minds of children 
and youth, committed to their care and instruction, the 
principles of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to truth, 
love to their country, humanity and universal benevolence, 
sobriety, industry and frugality, chastity, moderation and 
temperance, and those other virtues which are the orna- 
ment of human society, and the basis upon which a repub- 
lican constitution is founded ; and it shall be the duty of 
such instructors to endeavor to lead their pupils, as their 
ages and capacities will admit, into a clear understanding 
of the tendency of the above-memtioned virtues to pre- 
serve and perfect a republican constitution, and secure the 
blessings of liberty as well as to promote their future hap- 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 25 

piness. and also to point out to them the evil tendency of 
the opposite vices." 

" Chap. 5, § 2. Wisdom, and knowledge, as well as vir. 
tue, diffused generally among the body of the people, being 
necessary for the preservation of their rights and liberties ; 
and as these depend on spreading the opportunities and 
advantages of education in the various parts of the country, 
and among the different orders of the people, it shall be 
the duty of legislatures and magistrates, in all future 
periods of this commonwealth, to cherish the interests of 
literature and the sciences, and all seminaries of them; 
especially the university at Cambridge, public schools and 
grammar schools in the towns ; to encourage private so- 
cieties and public institutions, rewards and immunities, for 
the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, 
trades, manufactures, and a natural history of the country ; 
to countenance and inculcate the principles of humanity 
and general benevolence, public and private charity, indus- 
try and frugality, honesty and punctuality in their dealings ; 
sincerity, good humor, and all social affections, and gener- 
ous sentiments among the people." 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 1861. 



ELECTED AT LARGE. 

GEORGE PUTNAM, Highland, near Cedar Street. 
WILLIAM S. KING, Vine, cor. Eustis Street. 
ARIAL L CUMMINGS, 119 Dudley Street. 

ELECTED BY WAEDS. 

Ward 1. — Horatio G. Morse, 65 Zeigler Street; 

George W. Adams, Eeed's Court. 
" 2. — Joshua Seaver, Cabot St., cor. Sumner Place ; 

Ira Allen, Cabot, cor. Sudbury Street. 
u 3. — Timothy R. Nute, 163 Dudley.Street; 

John D. McGill, Washington, near Francis St. 
« 4. — John W. Olmstead, Centre, cor. Cedar Street; 

Jeremiah Plympton, 7 Hawthorn Street. 
" 5. — Sylvester Bliss, 2 Dana Place ; 

Alfred P. Putnam, Elm, op. Chestnut Street. 

HORATIO G. MORSE, Chairman. 
JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Regulations. — Messrs. Plympton, Cummings, McGill. 

Finance. — Messrs. Seaver, Nute, Adams. 

Music and Drawing. — Messrs. Nute, Allen, King. 

Books. — Messrs. Morse {ex off.), G. Putnam, Olmstead, 
King, A. P. Putnam. 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. 
Morse {ex off.), Allen, Cummings, Plympton, Bliss. 



28 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 3. 



M 



Q 
o 



a 






a 








o 






pq 





Pi 

a 
.a 



.9 i 

n . 

|< 
O 



OOO OiCiOOO 
<N 1—1 



O lO lO o o »o UO 
o t— i^ lo »o cj j^ 

lO CO CO CO CO OO CO 



OiOiOOOOOO 
O't— l^OiOOiOO 
lOCOCOCOCOCt)COCO 



PL, 



w 



FQ 



B, <D<I 



CO <M CO 






H SH 






fl.S > 



'2 a 



§fi 



g^ 






^ §^^^ 



s s; 



H-S' 






2Pq.2 









^ 






fen bCsS 

O >-c ^ 

^& 

. u ^ 

til O Pi 
-u , 

p:3^ 



a a 

^ O 'O 

a^ s 

c3 S g 






-^w£ 



M 



His 



^ 



"^ -t-3 -t-3 -M -+3 

CO -^ »o CO 1^ 



pq 



W 



§i 


pq 


W .t! 




CD ^ 


o 


<5 J 


. N 


S s 


CZJ 






5 H 


^ 


-^ o 


o 


p5 M 


H 


O 


2 


t« 


» 


Q 





pq 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 



29 



I 

a 

3 



ira o o o 

Ir— »0 lO lO 
CO CO OO CO 



O»0«00000i000i00 

COCOCOCQMCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 



a 



o 






,^-C 



^ o 

00 ?3 



a> 
.5 

O . =f5 






wo 






a 
o • 

a> J. a> 

^.^^ 
wS;2i 



,-f?-«-f?, 



, jS^-tJ 



,S3 



n 



O 



fe 



o 



Ph 



CD 






5 cc 
•2 ^ 

m O 



PI 




03 


a 


Fh 


f3 


<u 


fl 


p. 


d 


o 


tii 


lO 


u 


(M 


<D 

Pi 


l>. 


O 


u 


O 



5 t^ 



<D O 



o o 



30 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 3. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

[Each School for both Sexes. Salary the first year, $275 ; afterwards, $300. ] 



TEACHERS. 


LOCATION. 


COMMITTEES. 


No. 1. Sarah T. Jennison. . . 


Yeoman Street. 


Adams. 


2. Sarah 0. Babcock. . . 


(( t( 


a 


3. Anna M. Balch. . . . 


C( (( 


a 


4. (Vacant.) 


u (' 




5. Mary F. Neal 


Eustis Street. 


King. 


6. Emma C. Wales. . . . 


Sumner Street. 


(( 


7. Marv L. Walker. . . . 


(t (( 


ii 


8. Elizabeth C. Backup. . 


Eustis Street. 


a 


9. Ann M. Backup. . . • 


Vernon Street. 


Bliss. 


10. Susannah L. Durant. . 


li a 


( i 


11. Eliza D. Cole. .... 


ii a 


it 


12. Catherine F. Mayall. . 


li a 


(4 


13. Sophia L. Stone. . . . 


Sudbury Street. 


Allen. 


14. Sarah E. Field. . . . 


a (( 


a 


15. Cornelia J. Bills. . . 


a a 


a 


16. Mary C. Williams. . . 


u a 


it- 


17. Sara'h J. Davis. , . . 


Avon Place. 


Cummings. 


18. Clara M. Adams. . . . 


a a 


(( 


19. Sarah W. Holbrook. . 


Mill Dam. 


Allen. 


20. Elizabeth Waldock. . . 


Francis Street. 


McGill. 


21. Caroline N. Heath. . . 


Heath Street. 


G. Putnam. 


22. Anna M. Eaton. . . . 


Smith Street. 


Nute. 


23. Anna E. Clark. . . . 


(( (C 


(( 


24. Caroline Y. Rice. . . . 


Heath Place. 


Seaver. 


25. Mary H. Hicks. . . . 


(( a 


(( 


26. Charlotte C. Simpson. . 


11 (1 


a 


27. Asenath Nichols. . . . 


(( (( 


a 


28. Emily W. Fillebrown. . 


Orange Street. 


Cummings. 


29. Martha H. Horn. . . . 


f ( u 


(( 


30. Henrietta M. Wood. 


Centre Street. 


Olmstead. 


31. Mary A. Morse. . . . 


(( ii 


t( 


32. Maria L. J. Perry. . . 


Edinboro' Street 


Plympton. 


33. Matilda M. Hutchins. . 


li a 


(( 


34. Almira B. Russell. . . 


Munroe Street. 


Nute. 


35. Frances N. Brooks. . . 


Winthrop Street. 


A. P. Putnam 


36. Maria L. Young. . . . 


(1 t( 


c( 


37. Anne E. Boynton. . . 


Elm Street. 


(( 


38. H. B. Scammell. . . . 


a a 


(( 


39. Sarah A. P. Fernald. . 


Alms House. 


Plympton. 


40. Eliza Brown 


George Street. 


Morse. 


41. Sarah H. Hosmer. . . 


(( (C 


(( 


42. Caroline E. Jennison. . 


t( (( 


a 



NAMES OF MEMBERS OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 

SINCE THE ADOPTION OF THE CITY CHAETEE IN 1846. 



At Large. 

George Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61. 

Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 

*Sarauel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 

George R. Russell, 1847. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 

George W. Bond, 1847. 

John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 

William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 

William Hague, 1849, 50. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 

John S. Flint, 1855. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 

Edwin Ray, 1860. 

WiUiam S. King, 1861. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50,51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 69, 60, 61. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 60, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 1853, 64. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Farley, 1855, 66, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60. 

George W. Adams, 1861. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 60, 61, 52, 63, 54, 55, 66, 67, 68, 59, 60, 61, 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira AUen, 1849, 50, 61, 52, 56, 67, 68, 69, 60, 61. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 

* The junior dropped in 1850. 



32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 3. 

Ward 3. 

Charles K, Dillaway, 1846, 47. 

Francis Hilliard; 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61. 

Joseph H, Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H, Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1856. 

Richard Garvev, 1859. 

John D. McGill, 1860, 61. 

Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49. 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48. 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W. Fuller, 1849, 50, 51. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

*John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 64, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59. 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

Alfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61. 

William S. King, 1860. 

jWard 6. 

George W. Bond, 1846. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

* Kesigned in 1856, and Joseph K. Brewer elected. 

t Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set oif and incorporated, by Act 
of the Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West Koxbury. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 33 

Waud 7. 



John O. Choulos, 1846, 47. 
Joseph II, Allen, 1840. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindell Reynolds, 1848, 49, 50, 51, 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 



Ward 8, 



Theodore Parker, 184G. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 



Chairmen. 

Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. 
John Wayland, 1854. 
Bradford K. Pierce, 1855. 
*\Villiam H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61. 

Secretaries. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 69, 60, 61. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 67. 



* Resigned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim. 



Curator of School Buildings, 

JONAS PIEKCE, JR., 

Residence, Washington Place, (first house on the right.) 



NOTE TO TEACHERS. 



As articles which may be needed for the Schools cannot 
be purchased without written orders from Local Commit- 
tees, teachers will perceive the necessity of procuring such 
orders, when they desire to have anything purchased for 
the use of their Schools at the expense of the Committee. 
All such orders, if the teachers prefer, may be given to the 
Curator, or deposited in his box in the Post Office,* as it 
is his duty, in such cases, to see that the articles needed 
are purchased and promptly delivered. 

* Box 336.