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City Document. — Wo. 4. 


€\ti si "^nHxi. 

.A.I>C»3F«1':E3X> J.A.WTJ.flk.3EfX-, X862. 


1.8 62. 

Citg 0f llo^bm-g. 

In School Committee, January 8, 1862. 

Messrs. Cummings, Williams, and Seavek, were appointed a Commit- 
tee to prepare and report to this Board, Rules and Kegulations for their 
government the present year. 

January 21. 

The Committee on Rules and Regulations submitted the Report of said 
Committee, which was read and adopted. Whereupon it was 

Ordered, That two hundred and fifty copies of the Rules and Regu- 
lations, accompanied by the Course of Studies, and Text-Books allowed 
in the several Schools of the City, be printed for the use of the Schools 
and Committee. 

JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 




Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be 
held on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization 
of the City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary 
shall then be chosen by ballot. 

Sect. 2. There shall also be appointed, at the same 
meeting, or as soon after as practicable, Local Commit- 
tees for the several Schools in the City, to consist of three 
members for the High and each of the Grammar Schools, 
and one member for each Primary School ; a Committee 
on Primary School Teachers, and on Books, each consist- 
ing of five members, one of whom shall be the Chairman 
of the Board; a Committee on Rules and Regulations, on 
Finance, and on Accounts, each consisting of three mem- 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Primary School Teachers to receive the names and creden- 
tials of all applicants over eighteen years of age; to 
examine the qualifications of those present at any regular 
meeting called by the Chairman; to grant a certificate to 
those who pass a satisfactory examination ; and, acting in 


concert with the Local Committee, to appoint a teacher 
from those examined and approved, to fill a vacancy in any 
Primary School, to be confirmed within three months by 
the Board, on recommendation of the Local Committee. 
The Chairman shall also keep a list of all approved 
applicants, for the use of Local Committees in providing 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Books to propose the text-books to be ifsed in the schools, 
which shall, in all cases, be submitted to the Board for 
approval, but shall not be finally acted upon until said 
books have been before the Board at least one week, and 
not until every member of the Board has been supplied for 
examination with a copy of the book or books proposed 
to be introduced into the schools. Nor shall any change 
of books be allowed, except on condition that the publisher 
of the book proposed to be introduced into the schools 
shall give a copy of said book to each pupil for the one in 
use by such pupil which said new book shall displace. 

Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Finance to confer with any Committee of the Board of 
Aldermen and Common Council, on the subject of appro- 
priations for the Public Schools, and report to this Board 
as occasion may require. 

Sect. 6. The Committee on Accounts shall audit all 
accounts presented for approval by the Board, and two 
members of said Committee shall, in all cases, approve 
and sign each bill before it is paid. 

Sect. 7. Stated Quarterly Meetings of the Board shall 
be held, on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in 
February; on the first Wednesday in June; on the 
Wednesday after the last Monday in July, and on the 
Wednesday before Thanksgiving Bay. 

Sect. 8. At the last Quarterly Meeting in the year, 
the Teachers of the Public Schools shall be elected, and 
their salaries voted. 


Sect. 9. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

Sect. 10. All meetings of the Board shall be held in 
public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and 
notice thereof shall be given to all the members at least 
four daj^s previous. 

Rights and Duties of the Chairman. 

Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board; he 
shall call the members to order, and on the appearance of 
a quorum shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting 
to be read, and proceed to business. In the absence of 
the Chairman, the Board shall choose a Chairman pro 

Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of 
the Board whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the 
request in writing of any two members. 

Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the 
Board shall otherwise direct. 

Sect. 4. He shall preserve order in the meetings ; he 
may speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers, and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the Board, on motion of any member. 

Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes ; but if any member 
doubt the vote, he shall, without further debate upon the 
question, require the members voting to rise and stand 
until they are counted, and he shall declare the result. 

Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the 
chair, provided such substitution shall not continue longer 
than one meeting. When the Board shall determine to go 
into Committee of the Whole, he shall appoint the member 

6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

who shall take the chair. He may express his opinion on 
any subject under debate ; but in such case he shall leave the 
chair, and appoint some other member to take it, and he 
shall not resume the chair while the same question is pend- 
ing. But he may state facts, and give his opinion on ques- 
tions of order, without leaving his place. 

Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to 
be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take the 
sense of the Board in that manner. 

Sect. 8. After a motion has been stated by the Chair- 
man, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board, unless 
the mover withdraw it before a decision or an amendment. 

Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to ad- 
journ as always in order, unless a member has possession 
of the floor, or a question has been put and not decided, 
and said motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question be now put ? " 
^nd all amendments or further debate of the main question 
shall be suspended, until the previous question shall have 
been decided; and the previous question shall not be 
put unless a majority of the members present are in favor 
of it. 

Sect. 11. When two or more members happen to rise 
at the same time, the Chairman shall name the member 
who is first to speak. 


Duties of the Secretary. 

Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records 
of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be 
kept on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all 
the proceedings of the Board; shall notify all stated and 


special meetings ; shall notify the Chairman of any commit- 
tee appointed, stating the commission, and the names of 
the members ; shall notify the meetings of all committees 
when requested by their Chairman ; notify the instructors 
of their appointments, and shall give other notices as the 
Board may require, and act as one of the Committee on 
Accounts of this Board. 

Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required 
by the statute of the Commonwealth. 


Rights and Duties of Members. 

Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate, 
or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his 
place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall confine 
himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality. 

Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another 
member by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward 
he represents, the place he sits in, or such other designa- 
tion as may be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by 
another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a 
mistake. But if any member, in speaking or otherwise, 
transgress the rules of the Board, the Chairman shall, or 
any member may, call him to order; in which case the 
member so called to order shall immediately sit down, 
unless permitted to explain; and the Board, if appealed 
to, shall decide on the case, but without debate. 

Sect. 4. When a motion is made, it shall be considered 
by the Board ; and when a question is under debate, no 
motion shall be received but to adjourn — to lay on the 
table — for the previous question — to postpone to a day 

8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

certain — to commit — to amend — or to postpone indefi- 
nitely ; which several motions shall have precedence in the 
order in which the}'^ stand. 

Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chairman desire, or any member of the Board 
request it. 

Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made and 
carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order 
for any member to move a reconsideration. In case the 
motion be made at the same meeting, it shall be competent 
for a majority of the members present to pass a vote of 
reconsideration; but if it be made at a subsequent meet- 
ing, the subject shall not be reconsidered unless a majority 
of all the members of the Board vote therefor. No more 
than one motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall 
be permitted. 

Sect. 7. Every member present when a question is put 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
excuse him. 

Sect. 8. On the " previous question," no member shall 
speak more than once, without leave of the Board ; and no 
member shall speak longer than ten minutes at any one 
time upon any question under consideration, unless by 
special permission of the Board to continue his remarks. 

Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, 
and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be 
determined by a vote of the Board. 

Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations 
shall lie over until the next meeting. Any rule may be 
suspended, for the time being, by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members present. 



Duties of Local Committees, 

Sect. 1. The Local Committees shall visit their re- 
spective schools at least once a month, and oftener if con- 

Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall give their advice 
to the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance 
of any difficulty which may have occurred between the in- 
structors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between 
the teachers themselves, relative to the government or in- 
struction of the school. An appeal, however, to the whole 
Board, is not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor. 

Sect. 3. The several Chairmen of the Local Commit- 
tees of the High and Grammar Schools shall be the organ 
of communication between said committees and the schools ; 
but shall not act on any matter of interest to the school, 
without the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee. 

Sect. 4. Li case of a vacancy in the office of Principal 
or Assistant in the High, or Principal in the Grammar 
Schools, nominations and elections for the place shall be 
made by the Board. 

Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in the Grammar Schools, 
in the place of any teacher other than the Principal, the 
Chairman of the Board, with the Local Committee of the 
School in which such vacancy exists, shall examine the 
qualifications of candidates, and from, the list of those who 
shall pass a satisfactory examination, the Local Committee 
shall appoint one as a teacher pro tempore ; which appoint- 
ment shall be submitted to the Board at the first ensuing 
Quarterly Meeting for approval. And no such teacher 
shall be appointed by the Board, until he or she shall have 
been examined as aforesaid, and shall have received a 
satisfactory certificate thereof. The masters, or heads of 

10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

departments, shall be consulted in the appointment of their 

Sect. 6. In case of a vacancy in the place of a teacher 
of any Primary School, it shall be the duty of the Local 
Committee to give immediate notice thereof to the Com- 
mittee on Primary School Teachers, and with their 
cooperation fill such vacancy. 

Sect. 7. In addition to these specific duties of the 
Local Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to 
make any temporary arrangement which they may find neces- 
sary, relative to their schools, or the convenience of the 
instructors, in cases not provided for by the general reg- 

Sect. 8. Although the interest of the schools demands 
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall 
consider it his duty to watch over all the Public Schools 
in the City, to attend their examinations, and to visit them 
at other times so far as practicable. 

Sect. 9. No teacher, or other person in the employ of 
the School Committee, shall purchase anything at the 
expense of the City, without a written order from the 
Local Committee of the School — or, in his or their absence 
or inability, by the Chairman or Secretary of the Board — 
for which such purchase is to be made ; and all bills for 
repairs, books, and furniture, shall be approved by the 
Committee on Accounts. 

Sect. 10. No part of the premises occupied by the 
Public Schools shall, in any case, be used for any other 
purpose than that for which they were designed. 

Extract from Ordinance No. 22, relating to Expenditures for Schools. 

" Sect. 3. The Committee on Public Property shall cause all neces- 
sary repairs to be made in and upon the several school houses and the 
grounds attached thereto, belonging to the City, and provide all neces- 
sary articles for the comfort and convenience of the schools (with the 
exception of fuel) that may be deemed necessary ; 

Provided, The School Committee may make any necessary repairs 
and provide all articles that they may deem necessary for the comfort 


and convenience of the schools, whenever such repairs or supplies shall 
not exceed the sum of fifty dollars in any one instance." 

Sect. 11. No expenditure, under the provisions of the 
above-named Ordinance, (so far as it relates to the School 
Committee,) shall be authorized unless specially voted by 
the Board, except for books for teachers and indigent 
scholars, and other articles or repairs for the use of the 
schools, not exceeding ten dollars in any one instance. 





Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the 
Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They 
shall punctually observe the hours for opening and dis- 
missing the school, and during school hours shall devote 
themselves to the public service. 

Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very de- 
ficient by the Quarterly Examining Committee, and placed 
on probation by order of the Board, the Secretary shall 
notify such teacher of the fact, and state the deficiency re- 
ported. Any teacher who shall persist in violating the 
rules of this Boar5, shall be put on probation by the Local 
Committee; or, in their absence, by the Chairman, who 
shall report the delinquency at the next meeting of the 

Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall 
be commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures ; and 
it is recommended that the same be followed by the Lord's 

Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school rooms of 
their respective schools, for the reception of scholars, at 
YQQ.'si fifteen minutes before the time prescribed for com- 
mencing each session. The teachers shall require the 


scholars to be in their seats, and shall commence and close 
the exercises of the schools, punctually at the prescribed 

Sect. 5. The teachers shall give the children constant 
employment, and endeavor, by judicious and diversified 
modes, to render the exercises of the school pleasant as 
well as profitable ; — they shall maintain firm, prudent 
and vigilant discipline,* and shall govern by persuasive 
and gentle measures as far as practicable. They shall 
never resort to corporal punishment, until other means of 
influencing the pupils shall have failed; and when deemed 
necessary, it shall be administered with judgment, and 
without undue severity. As far as practicable, they shall 
also exercise a general inspection over their scholars, as 
well out of as within the school, and on all suitable 
occasions inculcate upon them the principles of truth and 

Sect. 6. The teachers shall respectively keep a list 
of the scholars under their instruction, and shall record 
the page of the text-book at which every class com- 
mences in each term, and also the page to which it shall 
have advanced during said term; and these records shall 
be open to the inspection of the School Committee. 

Sect. 7. The Principals of the Grammar Schools are 
authorized, under the direction of the Local Committees, 
to make such classification of their respective schools, and 
such regulations for the discipline and government thereof, 
(not in violation of the regulations of this Board,) as they 
may deem expedient. And it shall be the duty of the 
Principals to examine the pupils under the care of the as- 
sistant teachers in said schools, as often as they can, con- 
sistent with proper attention to those who are under their 
immediate charge. 

Sect. 8. The teachers of the several Grammar Schools 
shall impart oral instruction to their pupils at stated times, 
by assigning topics for their consideration, referring them 

14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

to approved works for information, questioning tlicm upon 
the themes assigned, and communicating such information 
thereon as they may think necessary. These exercises 
shall take place as frequently as may be thought practica- 
ble by the Local Committee and teachers. A list of the 
topics shall be open to the inspection of the Examining 

Sect. 9. In all the classes of the High and Grammar 
Schools, (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legi- 
ble hand,) the teachers shall require, at least once in two 
weeks, regular exercises in Composition, to consist of 
Essays, Letters, Descriptions, Abstracts of Lessons, or 
exercises from " Tower's Grammar of Composition," ac- 
cording to the age and capacity of the pupils. These 
exercises shall be corrected by the teachers, and preserved 
in their original form with the corrections and their dates 
respectively, in books, to be inspected by the Committee, 
as evidence of the proficiency of the pupils in penman- 
ship, punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and the gram- 
matical construction of sentences. In the first divisions 
of the male department of the High and Grammar Schools 
there shall also be regular exercises in declamation. 

Sect. 10. In the Grammar Schools, no lesson shall be 
assigned expressly for study out of the regular school 
hours ; and in all the Schools, except the High Scho'ol, the 
program of daily study shall be arranged, and the time ap- 
portioned, as far as possible, so that the lessons assigned 
may be prepared in school, and not remain for study out 
of school. Of the pupils in the High School, a moderate 
amount of study out of school may be required. The pro- 
gram of study shall be open to the inspection of the Local 
and Examining Committees. 

Sect. 11. When the example of any pupil is very inju- 
rious, and in all cases where reformation appears hopeless, 
the Local Committee shall have power to suspend such 
pupil from the school ; but no pupil shall be expelled from 


any school, except by vote of the Board. Any child who, 
having been suspended, shall have expressed to the teacher 
regret for such misdemeanor, as openly and implicitly as 
the nature of the case may require, and shall have given 
evidences of reformation, shall, with the previous consent 
of said Local Committee, be reinstated in the privileges of 
the school. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take 
good care of the apartments of the public buildings which 
they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there 
may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them; also 
to give vigilant attention to the ventilation and tempera- 
ture of their school-rooms, particularly at each recess, and 
at the end of each school session before the house shall 
be closed. 

Sect, 13. No subscription or contribution, for any pur- 
pose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers, in any 
public school. Nor shall they entertain any proposals 
from agents or venders of any kind, during school hours. 

Sect. 14. Any teacher may, by permission of the Local 
Committee, take half a day each term, for visiting such 
other school in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be 
designated, and the name of the school thus visited shall be 
entered in the teacher's register, with the date of the visit. 

Sect. 15. When a teacher shall be obliged from sick- 
ness, or any other urgent cause, to leave a division or 
school temporarily, so as to require a substitute, such 
teacher shall seasonably notify the proper Local Commit- 
tee, who shall provide a substitute, to be selected as far 
as practicable from the list of approved applicants in the 
hands of the Committee on Primary School teachers, and 
the salary shall be at least two-thirds of that paid to the 
teacher of the division. 

Sect. 16. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the 
charge of his or her school without giving at least three 
weeks' notice to the Local Committee ; and in ordinary 

16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

cases no teacher shall be required to give up the charge 
of his or her school without having received at least three 
weeks' notice to that effect. 

Sect. 17. The teachers are required to make vocal 
music and vocal drill regular exercises of the school. 

Sect. 18. The Principal of the High and of each of the 
Grammar Schools shall respectively submit, at the close of 
the Summer term, an annual report in writing, giving his 
or her view of the state, progress, and wants of each divi- 
sion of the school during the year. 

Sect. 19. No teacher shall sell to his pupils school 
books or any other articles, excepting writing books and 


Sect. 1. All children of the age of five years and 
upwards, residing within the limits of this city, shall, on 
application to the proper Local Committee, have free 
admission to such public schools as, in the opinion of said 
Committee, they may be qualified by age, attainments and 
residence, to enter. 

Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the 
public schools without a certificate from a physician, that 
he has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured against the 
contagion of the small-pox. And such certificate shall be 
kept on file by the teacher. 

Sect. 3. Children of the age of eight years and up- 
wards, who may pass a satisfactory examination in the 
reading books used in the Primary Schools, in spelling 
words selected from the reading lessons and from the spell- 
ing book used in the Primary Schools, in explaining the 
use of the marks of punctuation, in enunciating clearly 


and accurately the elementary sounds of our language, in 
writing words in script hand upon the slate, in reading and 
writing Arabic numbers containing four figures, and in the 
Arithmetic used in Primary Schools, shall be entitled to 
admission into the Grammar Schools. Children above 
eight years of age, though not possessing the requisite 
qualifications, rnay be admitted into the Grammar Schools 
by special permission from the Local Committees. 

The examination for admission into the Grammar Schools 
shall be made by the Principal or assistant teachers thereof, 
and shall take place on the first Monday of the Jii'st and 
third terms; and no pupil shall be admitted into the 
Grammar Schools from the Primary Schools except at 
those times. Provided, however, that the Local Commit- 
tees shall have discretionary power to admit pupils, pos- 
sessing the necessary qualifications, at other times than 
those mentioned. Pupils changing residence shall be trans- 
ferred from one school to another of the same rank, pro- 
vided they bear a certificate from the teacher of the school 
they leave, expressing their standing and character, as a 
condition of their admission by the teacher to whom they 
apply for that purpose. 

The examination for admission into the High School 
shall take place during the last week of the second term. 
Pupils who shall have reached the age of twelve years, and 
shall present a certificate of good moral character, and of 
presumed literary qualifications, from the Principal of the 
school which they last attended, and shall pass a satisfac- 
tory examination in the following studies, viz. : Spelling, 
Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Modern 
Geography, and the History of the United States, shall be 
regarded by the School Committee as qualified to enter 
the High School. 

Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension 
from one school, shall be admitted to the privileges of 
another, unless by a vote of this Board. 

18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

Sect. 5. In the Grammar Schools, during each session, 
there shall be a recess for every pupil, of ten or fifteen 
minutes; and in the Primary Schools, of from fifteen to 
twenty minutes, — excepting as provided for in Chap. 3, 
Sect. 2, of these Regulations. 

Sect. 6. Pupils shall be prompt and punctual at school, 
and shall not absent themselves therefrom except on ac- 
count of sickness or other urgent reason; and no request 
for absence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a written 
or personal one from parent or guardian. Every pupil en- 
tering after the time prescribed for the commencement of 
school, shall be marked tardy; and whenever any pupil 
shall absent himself or herself for two weeks in succession, 
such pupil shall be considered no longer a member of the 

Periods of Instruction. 

Sect. 1. There shall be four Terms in the year. The 
first shall commence the Monday after the fourth Monday 
in February.* 

The second shall commence the Monday following the 
last Wednesday in May.f 

The third shall commence the first Monday in Septem- 

The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the 
forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, except- 
ing Sundays and the holidays and vacations hereinafter 
specified, and except that from the first Monday in Novem- 

* March 3d. f June 2d. | September 1st. 


ber to the first Monday ia February the schools may omit 
the afternoon recess, and shall close at four o'clock. 
Schools shall begin at eight o'clock in the morning during 
the summer term; at other times, at nine in the morning j 
and shall commence at two in the afternoon, except the 
High School, which shall commence at nine in the morning, 
and close at two in the afternoon. Scholars may, how- 
ever, be detained, for delinquencies or discipline, a reason- 
able time after the regular school hours. 

Sect. 3. There shall be the following Vacations : 

1. One week commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb- 

2. One week commencing on the Monday before the last 
Wednesday in May.f 

3. Six weeks next preceding the first Monday in Sep- 

4. One week commencing on the Monday before Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 4. The following holidays shall be granted alike 
to all the schools: — Every Wednesday and Saturday af- 
ternoon; Past Day; Independence Day; Christmas Day; 
May Day, and Washington's Birth Day. No holiday not 
herein specified shall be given except by a vote of the 
Board, or by a written certificate, signed by at least seven 
members of the School Committee ; and in such case it 
shall be given alike to all the schools in the city. 

Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers 
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the 
schools in this city, for which purpose their respective 
schools may be dismissed ; it being understood, however, 
that this permission is not granted, except to those teach- 
ers who actually attend said Convention. 

* February 24th, f May 26th. t July 21st. 

20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 


Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some member 
or members of the Board designated by him, shall visit 
and examine every public school in the city, at least once 
each quarter, without giving previous notice to the teach- 
ers, according to the provisions of the Statute. It shall 
be the duty of this Committee to obtain accurate informa- 
tion of the condition of each school, and at the next quar- 
terly meeting to make a report to the Board, m writing, 
of their examination and its results, of the condition of 
tlie school houses, and of any occurrences affecting the 
standing and usefulness of the schools. 

Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the 
first term, a committee of seven members of the Board 
shall examine the High and all the Grammar Schools, and 
a committee, also, of five members, shall examine all the 
Primary Schools in the City, and report upon the same at 
the next quarterly meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. All reports of the examinations of the several 
schools shall be duly filed according to their dates, and shall 
not be taken from the custody of the Secretary, except by 
permission of the Board. 


Books and Studies. 

Sect. 1. The exercises, studies and text-books author- 
ized in the Primary Schools, shall be the following : 


1. Charts, and Sargent's Primer; 


2. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

3. Oral Instruction ; 

4. Exercises on tlie Slate ; 

5. Singing. 


1. Sargent's First Reader, (Sargent's Second Reader;) 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling Book; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Marks of Punctuation; 

5. Arithmetical Cards; 

6. Reading and Writing Arabic numbers ; 

7. Exercises on the Slate ; 

8. Oral Instruction; 

9. Singing. 


1. Sargent's Second Reader, (Hillard's Fourth Reader;) 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling Book; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Eaton's Primary School Arithmetic ; 

5. Geography, taught orally, (Cornell's Primary;) 

6. Oral Instruction ; 

7. Writing words in script-hand, and other exercises on 

the Slate; 

8. Singing. 

Sect. 2. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the Grammar Schools, shall be the following : 

FIRST year. 

1. Reading — Hillard's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling — The Reader, and Worcester's Speller; 

3. Mental Arithmetic — Colburn's First Lessons ; 

4. Geography — Cornell's Primary ; 

5. Penmanship. 

22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 


1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader; 

2. Spelling — Continued ; 

3. Defining — Worcester's Dictionaries ; 

4. Mental Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Written Arithmetic — Greenleaf's Common School; 

6. Geography — Cornell's Primary^ and Grammar School ; 

7. Penmanship and Drawing. 


1. Reading — Sargent's Third and Fourth Readers; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Cornell's Grammar School ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Tower's Common School ; 

6. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, (Z^rai^w^-Continued.) 


1. Reading — Sargent's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued; 

3. Geography — Continued; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued; 

6. Composition — Tower's Grammar of; 

7. History — Quackenbos's United States ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, ( Z>rai^f w^-Continued.) 


1. Reading — Sargent's Fifth Reader; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued ; 

6. Composition — Continued ; 

7. History — Continued ; 


8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, [Drawing— QonimwQdi]) 

9. Book-Keeping — Hanaford and Payson's (by the Boys j) 
10. Declamation — (by the Boys.) 

Sect. 3. The studies pursued, and the text-books 
authorized, in the High School, shall be the following : 


1. Review of Preparatory Studies ; 

2. Arithmetic — Greenleaf s National, and Colburn's First 

Lessons ; 

3. Geography — Zornlin's Physical ; 

" — Worcester's Ancient Scripture ; 

4. History — Worcester's — Commenced ; 

5. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

6. Physiology — Coming's Class Book of; 

7. Grammar — Tower's Common School; 

8. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

9. French — Pinney and Arnoult's Grammar, Le Grand- 

Pere ; 

10. Penmanship ; 

11. Drawing; 

12. Geometry — Legendre's; 

13. English Literature. 


1. History — Worcester's; 

2. Algebra — Sherwin's; 

3. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

4. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

5. English Literature and Biography — Cleveland's 

Compendium ; 

6. French — Le Grand-Pere, Conversations sur le Grand- 

Pere ; 

7. Book-Keeping — Hitchcock's ; 

8. Constitution of the United States — Sheppard's ; 

24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

9. Lessons on Reasoning — Whately ; 

10. Latin — (Voluntary.) 

11. Drawing. 


1. Algebra and Geometry — Finished; 

2. Trigonometry, with its applications to Surveying, 

Navigation, Mensuration, 6^c.; 

3. French — Continued; 

4. Natural Philosophy ; 

5. Astronomy — Olmstead's ; 

6. Moral Philosophy — Wayland's; 

7. Rhetoric — Finished ; 

8. English Literature ; 

9. Latin Language ; 
10. Drawing ; 

For the pupils who continue in the School the fourth 
year, the course of study shall be as follows : 

1. Latin Language ; 

2. French Language ; 

3. Mental Philosophy ; 

4. Moral Philosophy ; 

5. Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy, Sfc. ; 

6. English Literature — Standard Authors ; 

7. Drawing. 

The several classes shall have weekly exercises in Com- 
position, Reading or Declamation. 

The Instructors shall pay particular attention to the Pen- 
manship of the pupils, and give constantly such instruction 
in Spelling, Reading and English Grammar, as they think 
necessary to make their pupils familiar with the fundamen- 
tal branches of a good education. 

Note. — Any parent or guardian desiring a change made in the course 
of studies, in reference to the pupils under his or her charge, is request- 
ed to confer with the Local Committee and Teachers. 


Sect. 4. Scholars requiring books shall be directed by 
their teacher to provide them. If not so provided within 
three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or guardian, 
in writing, of the kind of book required, and in case of his 
neglect to provide in two days thereafter, shall then make 
a requisition upon the Local Committee, in which shall be 
expressed the name of such scholar, the name of the parent 
or guardian, and the name of the book ; and it shall be the 
duty of the Local Committee thereupon to furnish the 
book, and make return thereof, according to law, to the 
Assessors of the City. 


Morals — Encouragement of Literature. 

The attention of Teachers is particularly directed to the 
following from the General Statutes : 

" Chap. 38, § 10. It shall be the duty of the president, professors 
and tutors of the University of Cambridge, and of the several colleges, 
and of all preceptors and teachers of academies, and all other instruct- 
ors of youth, to exert their best endeavors to impress on the minds of 
children and youth, committed to their care and instruction, the princi- 
ples of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to truth, love to their country, 
humanity and universal benevolence, sobriety, industry and frugality, 
chastity, moderation and temperance, and those other virtues which are 
the ornament of human society, and the basis upon which a republican 
constitution is founded ; and it shall be the duty of such instructors to 
endeavor to lead their pupils, as their ages and capacities will admit, into 
a clear understanding of the tendency of the above-mentioned virtues 
to preserve and perfect a republican constitution, and secure the bless- 
ings of liberty, as well as to promote their future happiness, and also to 
point out to them the evil tendency of the opposite vices." 

" Chap. 5, § 2. Wisdom, and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused 
generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the pres- 
ervation of their rights and liberties ; and as these depend on spreading 
the opportunities and advantages of education in the various parts of 
the country, and among the different orders of the people, it shall be 
the duty of legislators and magistrates, in all future periods of this 

26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

Commonwealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the sciences, 
and all seminaries of them ; especially the University at Cambridge, 
public schools and grammar schools in the towns ; to encourage private 
societies and public institutions, revpards and immunities for the pro- 
motion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades, manufactures, 
and a natural history of the country ; to countenance and inculcate 
the principles of humanity and general benevolence, public and private 
charity, industry and frugality, honesty and punctuality in their deal- 
ings ; sincerity, good humor, and all social affections, and generous 
sentiments among the people." 


Duties of the Curator. 

Sect. 1. The Curator shall have charge of all the 
school houses of the city, and the furniture therein, and see 
that everything about them, and the outbuildings and 
yards connected, is kept in a neat and tidy manner, and 
nothing from neglect be allowed to suffer or go to ruin. 

Sect. 2. He shall have the care of the Committee 
room, be in attendance at all the meetings of the Commit- 
tee, serve all notices issued by the Chairman or Secretary 
of the Board relating to the meetings of the Committee, or 
of the Sub-Committees thereof, at the request of any 

Sect. 3. He shall attend to the purchase of any article 
of supply or furniture used in the schools at the request of 
any teacher properly vouched for. He shall also hold 
himself in readiness to perform any reasonable errand or 
service relating to the schools not specially laid down. 

Sect. 4. He shall be responsible for the making of 
fires in all the school houses, see that they are properly 
kept up, and that the fuel is used in an economical manner, 
and every precaution taken against accident by fire. 

Sect. 5. He shall also have the sole care of sweeping 
all the rooms, and dusting the same ; and at least once a 


year wash the paint, floors, windows, etc., of each school 
room. He shall furnish the Committee on Accounts with 
the original bills, as vouchers, for purchases, repairs, and 
all other expenses incurred by him in the discharge of his 

JONAS PIEECE, Jr., Curator, 

Kesidence, Washington Place, (first house on the right.) 


As articles which may Ite needed for the schools cannot be purchased 
without written orders from Local Committees,* teachers will perceive 
the necessity of procuring such orders, when they desire to have any- 
thing purchased for the use of their schools at the expense of the Com- 
mittee. All such orders, if the teachers prefer, may be given to the 
Curator, or deposited in his box in the Post OflSce,f as it is his duty, 
in such cases, to see that the articles needed are purchased and promptly 

* See Sect. 9 of Chap. 5, on page 10. 
t Box 336, 



GEORGE PUTNAM, Highland, near Cedar Street; 

JOHN S. SLEEPER, 111 Eustis Street; 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Winslow, corner Union Street. 


Ward 1. — Horatio G. Morse, 65 Zeigler Street; 

George W. Adams, 6 Reed's Court. 
" 2. — Joshua Seaver, Cabot Street, cor. Sumner PI. ; 

Ira Allen, Cabot, cor. Sudbury Street. 
" 3. — Arial I. CuMMiNGS, 119 Dudley Street; 

John D. McGill, Washington, near Francis St. 
" 4. — John W. Olmstead, Centre, cor. Cedar Street; 

Jeremiah Plympton, 7 Hawthorn Street. 
« 5. — Sylvester Bliss, 2 Dana Place ; 

Alfred P. Putnam, Elm, op. Chestnut Street. 

HORATIO G. MORSE, Chairman. 
JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 


Regulations. — Messrs. Cummings, Williams, Seaver. 

Finance. — Messrs. Seaver, Sleeper, Adams. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Sleeper, Williams, Seaver. 

Books. — Messrs. Morse {ex. off.), G. Putnam, Olmstead; 
A. P. Putnam, Williams. 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. 
Morse {ex. off.), Allen, Cummings, Plympton, Bliss. 





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[Each School for both Sexes. Salary the first year, $275 ; afterwards, $300.] 




No. 1. 

Lizzie M. Wood. . . . 

Yeoman Street. 



Anna M. Balch. . . . 

(( (( 



Susan F. Rowe. . . . 

C( (( 




(( (C 


Mary F.Neal 

Eustis Street. 



Emma C. Wales. . . . 

Sumner Street. 



Mary L. Walker. . . . 

a a 



Elizabeth C. Backup. 

Eustis Street. 



Clara M. Adams. . . . 

Vernon Street. 



Susannah L. Durant. . 

a a 



Eliza D. Cole 

a (I 



Catherine F. Mayall. 

i( C( 



Sophia L. Stone. . . . 

Sudbury Street. 



Sarah E. Field. . . . 

H (( 



Cornelia J. Bills. . • 

(S (( 



Mary C. Williams. . . 

a 11 



Sarah J. Davis. . . . 

Avon Place. 



Eliza G. Lewis. . . . 

li a 



Sarah W. Holbrook. 




Elizabeth M. Hall. . . 

Francis Street. 



Caroline N. Heath. . . 

Heath Street. 

G. Putnam. 


Anna M. Eaton. . . . 

Smith Street. 



Anna E. Clark. . . . 

(( (C 



Mary E. Tucker. . . . 

Heath Place. 



Mary E. Munroe. . . 

(( (( 



Charlotte C. Simpson. . 

(( (( 



Asenath Nichols. . . . 

(( C( 



Sarah A. P. Fernald. 

Orange Street. 



Martha H. Horn. . . . 

a a 



Henrietta M. Wood. 

Centre Street. 



Mary A. Morse. . . . 

(( (( 



Maria L. J. Perry. . . 

Edinboro' Street 



Matilda M. Hutchins. . 

(C 1( 



Almira B. Russell. . . 

Munroe Street. 



Frances N. Brooks. . . 

Winthrop Street 



Maria L. Young. . . . 

(( t( 



Anne E. Boynton. . . 

Elm Street. 

A. P. Putnam 


Fanny H. C. Bradlee. 

U (( 



(Discontinued.) . . . 



Sarah H. Hosmer. . . 

George Street. 



Caroline E. Jennison. . 

U (( 



Mary C. Bartlett. . • 

(( 11 



H. B. Scammell. . • . 

U t( 



Josephine G. Thaxter. • 

Coniins School-house 

G. Putnam. 


Annie G. Fillebrown. 

Sudbury Street. 




At Large. 

George Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 

Gyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 

-*Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48, 

George R. Russell, 1847. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 

George W. Bond, 1847. 

John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 

William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56, 

William Hague, 1849, 50. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. ' 

Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60. 

J3radford K. Peirce, 1855. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 

John S. Flint, 1855. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 

Edwin Ray, 1860. 

William S. King, 1861. 

John S. Sleeper, 1862. 

Franklin Williams, 1862. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50,51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Farley, 1855, 56, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60. 

George W. Adams, 1861, 62. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 64, 55, 66, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 67, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 65. 

* The junior dropped in 1850. 

34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 4. 

Ward 3, 

Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 

Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 

William A. Crafts, 1856. 

Richard Garvev, 1859. 

John D. McGill, 1860, 61, 62. 

Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49. 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48. 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W. Fuller, 1849, 50, 51. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

*John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59. 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

Alfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62. 

William S. King, 1860. 

Ward G.f 

George W. Bond, 1846. • 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

* Eesigned in 1856, and Joseph N. Brewer elected. 

t Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set off and incorporated, by Act 
of th« Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West Koxbury. 


Wakd 7. 

John O, Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph H. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindell Reynolds, 1848, 49^ 50, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 

Ward 8. 

Theodore I'arker, 1846. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 


Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51. 
Julius S, Shailer, 1852, 53. 
John AVayland, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peiree, 1855. 
♦William H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62. 


Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 60, 61, 62, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62'. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57. 

* Kesigned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim.-